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1

Long-Term Follow-up Results of Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty  

PubMed Central

Purpose To assess the long-term follow-up results of laparoscopic pyeloplasty for ureteropelvic junction obstruction. Materials and Methods Sixty-five patients (mean age, 43.8 years) who underwent standard laparoscopic pyeloplasty by transperitoneal approaches were enrolled in this study. The chief complaint was flank pain (n=57 patients); the remaining cases were detected incidentally. Twenty-three patients had undergone previous abdominal surgeries, including open pyeloplasty and endopyelotomy. Mean stricture length was 1.06 cm. Grade 3/4 and 4/4 hydronephrosis was detected in 36 and 14 patients, respectively. An obstructive pattern was present on the renal scan in 53 patients (81.5%). Results Fifty-seven patients were treated with dismembered Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty and eight patients with Fenger pyeloplasty. During the operation, crossing vessels were found in 27 patients (41.5%). Mean operating time was 159.42 minutes. Although there were no cases of open conversion, two patients with colon and spleen injuries were detected postoperatively. The mean starting time of postoperative ambulation and diet was 1.54 days and 1.86 days, respectively. Mean hospital stay was 8.09 days. Mean follow-up period was 36.5 months. Follow-up intravenous pyelography and renal scan showed improvements in 59 patients, and the radiologic success rate was 90.8%. Eight patients showed failure on radiologic or symptomatic evaluation, and the overall success rate was 87.7%. In the comparative analysis between the success and failure groups, drained amount was the only risk factor related to failure (554.41 mL. vs. 947.70 mL, p=0.024). Conclusions Long-term follow-up results support laparoscopic pyeloplasty as the standard treatment for ureteropelvic junction obstruction. Drained amount is a risk factor for failure of the operation. PMID:25324948

Oh, Tae Hoon; Lee, Jae Whan

2014-01-01

2

Cherubism--a case report with long term follow up.  

PubMed

Cherubism is a rare non-neoplastic disease of the bone characterized by bilateral painless enlargement of the jaws giving a cherubic appearance to the patient. It is an autosomal dominant disorder but may occur sporadically. In this paper, we have tried to explain about the clinical, radiological and histopathologic features of cherubism by presenting a case study. A case study of a 7 year old male patient, who first presented with mandibular bilateral swellings to our department in 1998, has been presented. In-depth clinical, radiological and histopathologic examination was done. An extensive long-term follow-up till 11 years was maintained. When presented for the first time, radiological investigation showed characteristic multilocular lytic lesions of the mandible bilaterally. Histopathological examination of the biopsy specimen showed proliferating fibrous connective tissue interspersed by multinucleated giant cells. It was diagnosed as a case nonfamilial cherubism. Follow-up after 5 years showed involvement of the maxilla as well, which was then corrected by surgical methods. Upon follow up 11 years after the first presentation, it was seen that the lesion was regressing by itself and there was improvement in facial contour. The natural course of Cherubism through its progression, stabilization and involution of the disease after puberty, has been highlighted in this case. More, in-depth studies to understand the nature and the pathogenesis of this condition better are required. PMID:22234113

Chavali, Lakshmi V; Bhimalingam, R M Rao; Sudhakar, P V

2011-01-01

3

Long-term follow-up of atomic bomb survivors.  

PubMed

The Life Span Study (LSS) is a follow-up study of atomic bomb (A-bomb) survivors to investigate the radiation effects on human health and has collected data for over 60 years. The LSS cohort consists of 93,741 A-bomb survivors and another 26,580 age and sex-matched subjects who were not in either city at the time of the bombing. Radiation doses have been computed based on individual location and shielding status at the time of the bombings. Age at death and cause of death are gathered through the Japanese national family registry system and cancer incidence data have been collected through the Hiroshima and Nagasaki cancer registries. Noncancer disease incidence and health information are collected through biannual medical examinations among a subset of the LSS. Radiation significantly increases the risks of death (22% at 1 Gy), cancer incidence (47% at 1 Gy), death due to leukemia (310% at 1 Gy), as well as the incidence of several noncancer diseases (e.g. thyroid nodules, chronic liver disease and cirrhosis, uterine myoma, and hypertension). Significant effects on maturity (e.g. growth reduction and early menopause) were also observed. Long-term follow-up studies of the A-bomb survivors have provided reliable information on health risks for the survivors and form the basis for radiation protection standards for workers and the public. PMID:22440534

Sakata, Ritsu; Grant, Eric J; Ozasa, Kotaro

2012-06-01

4

Long term follow up of untreated primary hyperparathyroidism.  

PubMed Central

Fourteen patients with primary hyperparathyroidism and whose initial serum calcium concentrations were 2.75 mmol/l (11.0 mg/100 ml) or more were followed up for five to 23 years without operative treatment. One had osteitis fibrosa when seen and died with a fibrosarcoma 22 years later. The remaining 13 patients, who were followed up for a mean of 10 years, came to little obvious harm from not being operated on. Their serum calcium concentrations did not rise and there was no evidence of progressive renal impairment. In four patients who presented originally with renal calculi there were three further episodes of renal colic in 54 patient years of follow up. Conservative management of primary hyperparathyroidism is not an unreasonable option, and patients who do not have symptoms need not necessarily be pressed to accept surgery. PMID:6437508

Paterson, C R; Burns, J; Mowat, E

1984-01-01

5

Percutaneous laser discectomy: experience and long term follow-up.  

PubMed

The classical microsurgical approach in the treatment of herniated nucleus pulposus (HNP) has been substituted over the years by endoscopical approach, in which it is possible to practice via endoscopy a laser thermo-discoplasty, and by percutaneous laser disc decompression and nucleotomy. Percutaneous laser disc decompression and nucleotomy have been performed worldwide in more than 40,000 cases of HNP. Because water is the major component of the intervertebral disc and in HNP pain is caused by disc protrusion pressing against the nerve root, a 980 nm Diode (Biolitec AG-Germany) laser introduced via a 21-G needle under X-ray or CT-scan guidance and local anesthesia, vaporizes a small amount of the nucleous pulposus shrinking the disc and relieving the pressure on the nerve root. A multicentric retrospective study with a mean follow-up of 6 years was performed on 900 patients suffering from relevant symptoms that had been therapy-resistant for 6 months on average before consulting our department. Evaluation included 585 (65%) males and 315 (35%) females. The average age of patients operated was 46 years (18-54). The success rate at a mean follow-up of 5 years (2-6 years) was about 70% with a very low complication rate. PMID:21107947

Menchetti, P P M; Canero, G; Bini, W

2011-01-01

6

Long-term Follow-up of Patients' Status after Gastric Bypass  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: We report a long-term (13-15 year) follow-up of a cohort of 100 patients who underwent gastric bypass for morbid\\u000a obesity. Methods: Sources of information include baseline data collected before surgery and information obtained at follow-up\\u000a interview including data on weight history, psychosocial functioning, and medical complications. Results: Mean age at follow-up\\u000a was 56.8 years. The mean weight loss at

James E. Mitchell; Kathryn L. Lancaster; Melissa A. Burgard; L. Michael Howell; Dean D. Krahn; Ross D. Crosby; Stephen A. Wonderlich; Blake A. Gosnell

2001-01-01

7

Long-Term Clinical Follow-Up After Successful Repeat Percutaneous Intervention for Stent Restenosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. This study evaluated the long-term clinical outcome of successful repeat percutaneous intervention after in-stent restenosis.Background. Recurrence of symptoms and angiographic restenosis after stent implantation are observed in 15% to 35% of cases. Repeat percutaneous treatment for in-stent restenosis has been shown to be safe, with high immediate success, but little is known about the long-term clinical outcome.Methods. Clinical follow-up

Bernhard Reimers; Issam Moussa; Tatsuro Akiyama; Gina Tucci; Massimo Ferraro; Giovanni Martini; Simonetta Blengino; Carlo DI Mario; Antonio Colombo

1997-01-01

8

Effects of finasteride on hematuria associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia: long-term follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. To report long-term follow-up in 18 patients with gross hematuria associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) who have been treated with finasteride and to report preliminary follow-up in an additional 10 patients.Methods. The charts of the 18 original patients, and 10 additional patients who had been placed on finasteride (5 mg daily) for intermittent gross hematuria associated with BPH,

Mark I. Miller; Peter J. Puchner

1998-01-01

9

B-cell Lymphoma in retrieved femoral heads: a long term follow up  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: A relatively high incidence of pathological conditions in retrieved femoral heads, including a group of patients having low grade B-cell lymphoma, has been described before. At short term follow up none of these patients with low-grade B-cell lymphoma showed evidence of systemic disease. However, the long term follow up of these patients is not known. METHODS: From November 1994

Eline W Zwitser; Arthur de Gast; Mirjam JA Basie; Folkert J van Kemenade; Barend J van Royen

2009-01-01

10

The natural course of myasthenia gravis: a long term follow up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A long term follow up study is presented of 73 patients with myasthenia gravis, living in Amsterdam between 1926 and 1965. In the period 1961-65 the annual incidence was 3.1, the prevalence 53 per million. Maximum severity of the disease occurred during the first seven years after onset in 87%. Eighteen (29%) patients died, of whom eight had a thymoma

H J Oosterhuis

1989-01-01

11

Mortality of Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome at Long-term Follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Metabolic disturbances associated with insulin resistance are present in most women with polycystic ovary syndrome. This has led to suggestions that women with polycystic ovary syndrome may be at increased risk of cardiovascular disease in later life. We undertook a long-term follow-up study to test whether cardiovascular mortality is increased in these women. A total of 786 women diagnosed with

T. Pierpoint; P. M. McKeigue; A. J. Isaacs; S. H. Wild; H. S. Jacobs

1998-01-01

12

Long-term Follow-up Study of Endovascularly Treated Intracranial Aneurysms  

PubMed Central

Summary Long-term follow-up studies after endovascular treatment for intracranial aneurysm are still rare and inconclusive. The aim of this study was to assess long-term clinical and angiographic outcome of patients with endovascularly treated aneurysms. The Clinical outcome of all 185 patients with endovascularly treated aneurysms were analyzed and 77 out of 122 surviving patients were examined with MRI and MRA nine to 16 years (mean 11 years) after the initial endovascular treatment. Sixty-three patients were deceased at the time of follow-up. The cause of death was aneurysm- related in 34 (54%) patients. The annual re- bleeding rate from the treated aneurysms was 1.3% in the ruptured group and 0.1% in the unruptured group. In long-term follow-up MRA 18 aneurysms (53%) were graded as complete, 11 aneurysms (32%) had neck remnants and five aneurysms (15%) were incompletely occluded in the ruptured group. Occlusion grade was lower in the unruptured group with 20 an- eurysms (41%) graded as complete, 11 (22%) had neck remnants and 18 (37%) were incomplete. However, only three aneurysms were unstable during the follow-up period and needed retreatment. Endovascular treatment of unruptured aneu- rysms showed incomplete angiographic outcome in 37% of cases. However, annual bleeding rate was as low as 0.1%. Endovascular treatment of ruptured aneurysms showed incomplete angiographic outcome in 15% of cases and the annual rebleeding rate was 1.3%. PMID:21162766

Pyysalo, L.M.; Keski-Nisula, L.H.; Niskakangas, T.T.; Kähärä, V.J.; Öhman, J.E.

2010-01-01

13

Recurrence rate after radial club hand surgery in long term follow up  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Radial club hand includes wide spectrum of malformations that involve radial side of forearm. Conservative treatments are recommended to the milder types and surgical interventions specially centralization for the severe forms. Recurrence after centralization is one of the challenging problems in this anomaly. In this study, we assessed the recurrence rate of centralization in radial club hand surgery in long term follow up. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we reviewed the records and radiographies of 9 patients with radial club hand who underwent centralization to correct the deformity in the hand surgery department. Patients’ age, type of the thumb anomaly, associated anomalies in other systems, involved side, type of radial club hand, hand-forearm angle preoperative, post operative and in the last follow up visit, and centralized wrists motion range in the final follow up visit were all assessed and reported. RESULTS: Eleven cases of radial club hand in nine patients underwent centralization. Mean age at the time of the centralization was 17 (6-72) months and mean follow up was 90 (48-170) months. Preoperative hand-forearm angle was 75 (30-110) degrees, immediate postoperative angle was 25 (15-35) degrees and in the last follow up visit it was 52 (40-60) degrees. The amount of correction was 66% and loss of correction in long term was 54%. CONCLUSION: Centralization still can be a standard procedure in treatment of patients with radial club hand with acceptable results. PMID:21772880

Shariatzadeh, Hooman; Jafari, Dawood; Taheri, Hamid; Mazhar, Farid Najid

2009-01-01

14

Long-term ultrasound follow-up of thyroid colloid cysts.  

PubMed

Objective. This study aimed to assess the interval changes of thyroid colloid cysts (TCCs) by performing long-term ultrasound (US) follow-up examinations. Methods. From 2007 to 2008, 437 patients underwent a lobectomy for the treatment of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma. Among them, 268 patients underwent 4 or more postoperative US follow-ups after surgery. This study investigated the prevalence and interval changes of TCCs ?3?mm by using US follow-ups. Results. Among 268 patients, 35 (13.1%) had TCCs ?3?mm by a preoperative thyroid US, and 6 (2.2%) had newly detected TCCs at a US follow-up. Through long-term US follow-up, the interval changes for TCCs were classified as follows: no interval change (n = 8), gradual increase (n = 8), gradual decrease (n = 5), positive fluctuation (n = 3), negative fluctuation (n = 6), disappearance (n = 5), and new detection (n = 6). None of the TCC cases had a TCC that was ?10?mm at its largest diameter, and no patient complained of any relevant symptoms pertaining to the TCCs. Conclusions. In this study, TCCs demonstrated various interval changes, but no abrupt increase was found or acute onset of symptoms occurred. PMID:24864139

Kim, Dong Wook

2014-01-01

15

Very long-term follow-up of adults treated in infancy for hydrocephalus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  The purpose of this study is to perform a population-based, very long-term follow-up of adults who had been shunt treated\\u000a for hydrocephalus in infancy.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The 72 children with hydrocephalus born in 1967–1978 in western Sweden, who had participated in a follow-up at school age,\\u000a were re-examined at 30–43 years of age. The 29 with mental retardation were described in terms of

Eva-Karin Persson; Barbro Lindquist; Paul Uvebrant; Elisabeth Fernell

16

Long-term MR follow-up of cerebral lesions in neuro-Behçet's disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

To study the long-term evolution of cerebral lesions in neuro-Behçet's disease, MRI was carried out on 12 patients, with\\u000a follow-up from 1.5 to 6 years (mean 3.5 years). On the first MRI, 66 lesions in all were found; each patient had 1–10 lesions\\u000a (mean 5.5). There were 30 (46 %) lesions in the brain stem, 18 (27 %) in the

S. Gerber; A. Biondi; D. Dormont; B. Wechsler; C. Marsault

1996-01-01

17

Transvaginal Aspiration of Ovarian Cysts: Long-Term Follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and purpose. Transvaginal aspiration of ovarian cysts has been advocated as a viable alternative to surgery in patients who are high-risk surgical candidates. We describe a retrospective study evaluating the results of transvaginal aspirations of benign ovarian cysts in patients at increased surgical risk, focusing on long-term follow-up for recurrence of the cyst and\\/or development of malignancy. Methods. Twenty-four

D. Duke; J. Colville; A. Keeling; D. Broe; T. Fotheringham; M. J. Lee

2006-01-01

18

Transdermal application of methimazole in hyperthyroid cats: a long-term follow-up study.  

PubMed

Transdermal methimazole is suggested as an alternative to oral therapy for hyperthyroid cats that are difficult to pill. However, no information on long-term management with this treatment is available. Our objective was therefore to retrospectively evaluate the efficacy and safety of long-term transdermal methimazole treatment in hyperthyroid cats. Sixty cats with newly diagnosed hyperthyroidism and available long-term follow-up information were included. Methimazole was formulated in a pluronic lecithin organogel-based vehicle and was applied to the pinna of the inner ear. Cats were re-evaluated at regular intervals. Median (range) follow-up was 22.6 months (3.6-88.4 months). Clinical improvement was observed in all cats and side effects were rare (mild transient gastrointestinal signs: n = 3; erythema of the pinna: n = 2, necessitating a switch to oral medication). Despite a significant decrease, with median T4 concentrations within the reference interval during the follow-up period, several cats repeatedly had T4 concentrations in the thyrotoxic and hypothyroid range. Maximal and minimal daily doses during the follow-up period were 15.0 and 1.0 mg, respectively; they were significantly higher than the starting dose after 24-36 months of therapy. Although the majority of owners were highly satisfied with the treatment, several admitted not treating their cat regularly. Transdermal methimazole is a safe option for the long-term management of feline hyperthyroidism. However, it seems difficult to keep the T4 concentrations constantly within the reference interval. Higher doses can be expected after prolonged treatment and, despite the convenience of transdermal application, owner compliance should be assessed regularly. PMID:24174499

Boretti, Felicitas S; Sieber-Ruckstuhl, Nadja S; Schäfer, Sandra; Gerber, Bernhard; Baumgartner, Claudia; Riond, Barbara; Hofmann-Lehmann, Regina; Reusch, Claudia E

2014-06-01

19

Long Term Follow-Up of Children with Down Syndrome with Cardiac Lesions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two hundred and eighty four patients with Down Syndrome (DS) were seen between 1951-1989 with 114 (40.1%) having a cardiac murmur at presentation. A definitive cardiac diagnosis was established in 47 (41%) patients, of which 38 had long term follow-up. Fifteen (33%) patients had atrioventricular canals. There were 21 males and 17 females, with a mean age of 5.3 years.

Prasad Mathew; Douglas Moodie; Richard Sterba; Daniel Murphy; Eliot Rosenkranz; Andrea Homa

1990-01-01

20

Cognitive behaviour therapy for fatigued cancer survivors: long-term follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

An earlier randomised-controlled trial demonstrated the positive effects of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), especially designed for fatigued cancer survivors in reducing fatigue, functional impairments and psychological distress. In the current prospective study, we were able to examine the long-term effect of CBT in patients who completed the therapy. Predictors of fatigue severity at follow-up were exploratory investigated. Sixty-eight patients who

M. F. M. Gielissen; C. A. H. H. V. Verhagen; G. Bleijenberg

2007-01-01

21

Using Kid Power to Teach Kids about Mental Retardation: A Long Term Follow-Up  

E-print Network

JASH copyright 1987 by 1987, Vol. 12, No. 3, 216-217 The Association for Persons with Severe Handicaps 216 Using Kid Power to Teach Kids about Mental Retardation: A Long-Term Follow-Up Amy..., I gave an attitude test to kids in two second grade classrooms. Then I taught a 50-min lesson about mental retardation to one of the classes. I gave the attitude test to both classrooms again. The kids in the experimental group that I taught had...

Turnbull, Amy; Bronicki, G. J. Buzz

1987-01-01

22

Long-term follow-up in pulmonary embolectomy: is NYHA (Dyspnea) classification reliable?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this retrospective investigation we carried out a thorough physical examination, ventilation\\/perfusion scintigraphy, echocardiography and lung function test in 19 of all 21 long-term survivors consecutively operated on for massive pulmonary embolism between 1968 and 1992. Two patients refused these investigations but were both asymptomatic. The mean follow-up was 8.4 years and 12 (57%) of the patients were in NYHA

J. Müller; P STULZ; R HAMMERLI; A PERRUCHOUD

1996-01-01

23

Long-term follow-up of zonulo-hyaloido-vitrectomy for pseudophakic malignant glaucoma  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To report long-term follow-up of zonulo-hyaloido-vitrectomy (ZHV) via anterior approach for pseudophakic malignant glaucoma refractory to medical treatment. Design: Noncomparative case-series. Materials and Methods: Medical records of 9 patients who sought treatment for aqueous humor misdirection refractory to medical treatment were reviewed. All patients underwent anterior vitrectomy, hyaloido-zonulectomy, and peripheral iridectomy (PI) via an anterior approach. Main outcome measures were preoperative and postoperative visual acuity, intraocular pressure, medications, slit-lamp examination, and fundus findings. Results: 10 eyes of 9 patients (7 female, 2 male) who underwent ZHV for refractory pseudophakic malignant glaucoma between 2003 and 2010 were included in this case-series. The mean age of patients was 77.4 ± 9.0 years, mean follow-up duration 50.2 ± 27.2 months. Recurrence of malignant glaucoma was noted in 40% (four cases) after a successful ZHV on long-term follow-up. Conclusions: An anterior segment surgeon can treat malignant glaucoma refractory to medical treatment successfully by vitrectomy, hyaloido-zonulectomy, and PI. This can be done via an anterior approach and patients require long follow-up to rule out a relapse despite a successful outcome in the short term. PMID:25579353

Madgula, Indira M; Anand, Nitin

2014-01-01

24

Long-term follow-up of children with obstetric brachial plexus palsy I: functional aspects.  

PubMed

The aims of this study were to describe the development of sequelae in obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBPP) and to identify possible differences in functional outcome from 5 years of age to follow-up, 2 to 15 years later. A cohort of 70 participants (35 males, 35 females; age range 7-20y, mean 13y 6mo [SD 4y 3mo], median 13y) with OBPP of varying degrees of severity were monitored. Differences in status between 5 years of age and follow-up were studied. Active joint motion in the shoulder and hand function, especially grip strength, generally remained unchanged or improved, whereas a slight but significant deterioration occurred in elbow function. Shoulder surgery resulted in considerable improvement of shoulder function. Participants with nerve reconstruction had a similar profile of change as the non-operated group. It was concluded that ongoing follow-up of children with OBPP, beyond the preschool years, is required due to decreases in elbow function, a commonly occurring restriction in external rotation of the shoulder, together with individual variations in long-term outcomes. In a related article (part II: neurophysiological aspects) long-term neurophysiological and sensory aspects of OBPP are reported. PMID:17355476

Strömbeck, Christina; Krumlinde-Sundholm, Lena; Remahl, Sten; Sejersen, Thomas

2007-03-01

25

Multimorbidity and long-term care dependency—a five-year follow-up  

PubMed Central

Background Not only single, but also multiple, chronic conditions are becoming the normal situation rather than the exception in the older generation. While many studies show a correlation between multimorbidity and various health outcomes, the long-term effect on care dependency remains unclear. The objective of this study is to follow up a cohort of older adults for 5 years to estimate the impact of multimorbidity on long-term care dependency. Methods This study is based on claims data from a German health insurance company. We included 115,203 people (mean age: 71.5 years, 41.4% females). To identify chronic diseases and multimorbidity, we used a defined list of 46 chronic conditions based on ICD-10 codes. Multimorbidity was defined as three or more chronic conditions from this list. The main outcome was “time until long-term care dependency”. The follow-up started on January 1st, 2005 and lasted for 5 years until December 31st, 2009. To evaluate differences between those with multimorbidity and those without, we calculated Kaplan–Meier curves and then modeled four distinct Cox proportional hazard regressions including multimorbidity, age and sex, the single chronic conditions, and disease clusters. Results Mean follow-up was 4.5 years. People with multimorbidity had a higher risk of becoming care dependent (HR: 1.85, CI 1.78–1.92). The conditions with the highest risks for long-term care dependency are Parkinson’s disease (HR: 6.40 vs. 2.68) and dementia (HR: 5.70 vs. 2.27). Patients with the multimorbidity pattern “Neuropsychiatric disorders” have a 79% higher risk of care dependency. Conclusions The results should form the basis for future health policy decisions on the treatment of patients with multiple chronic diseases and also show the need to introduce new ways of providing long-term care to this population. A health policy focus on chronic care management as well as the development of guidelines for multimorbidity is crucial to secure health services delivery for the older population. PMID:24884813

2014-01-01

26

Transvaginal Aspiration of Ovarian Cysts: Long-Term Follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and purpose  Transvaginal aspiration of ovarian cysts has been advocated as a viable alternative to surgery in patients who are high-risk\\u000a surgical candidates. We describe a retrospective study evaluating the results of transvaginal aspirations of benign ovarian\\u000a cysts in patients at increased surgical risk, focusing on long-term follow-up for recurrence of the cyst and\\/or development\\u000a of malignancy.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Twenty-four women with

D. Duke; J. Colville; A. Keeling; D. Broe; T. Fotheringham; M. J. Lee

2006-01-01

27

Long-Term Follow-Up of GH-Treated Girls with Turner Syndrome: Metabolic Consequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: To investigate the metabolic consequences of long-term GH treatment in young women with Turner syndrome (TS), several years after GH discontinuation. Methods: Follow-up study of a randomized GH dose-response trial, with 3 GH dosages (1.3, 2.0, and 2.7 mg\\/m2\\/day). Thirty-nine TS patients (20.0 ± 2.1 years) participated 4.8 ± 1.9 years after GH discontinuation. Mean GH treatment duration was

Ellen M. N. Bannink; Roel L. F. van der Palen; Paul G. H. Mulder; Sabine M. P. F. de Muinck Keizer-Schrama

2009-01-01

28

Psychiatric disorders in children in long-term residential care: a follow-up study.  

PubMed

Ninety-two children who had been examined in a psychiatric study of five to twelve year-olds in long-term residential care were followed up four years later. Three-quarters were still in children's homes, but over half had been moved to different establishments. At both the original study and follow-up, the majority showed evidence of psychiatric disorder. Considerable continuity of behavioural pattern was found, particularly amongst those who originally had antisocial disorders, who were also most likely to have had changes of care-taker during the four years. It is suggested that the persistence of their disorder may be due to a vicious circle of unacceptable behaviour and adult rejection. PMID:497616

Wolkind, S; Renton, G

1979-08-01

29

Predictors of Response Rates to a Long Term Follow-Up Mail out Survey  

PubMed Central

Objective Very little is known about predictors of response rates to long-term follow-up mail-out surveys, including whether the timing of an incentive affects response rates. We aimed to determine whether the timing of the incentive affects response rates and what baseline demographic and psychological factors predict response rates to a 12 year follow-up survey. Study design and setting: Participants were 450 randomly selected people from the Penrith population, Australia who had previously participated in a mail-out survey 12 years earlier. By random allocation, 150 people received no incentive, 150 received a lottery ticket inducement with the follow-up survey and 150 received a lottery ticket inducement on the return of a completed survey. Results The overall response rate for the study was 63%. There were no significant differences in terms of response rates between the no incentive (58.8%;95%CI 49.8%,67.3%), incentive with survey (65.1%;95%CI 56.2%,73.3%) and promised incentive (65.3%;95%CI 56.1%,73.7%) groups. Independent predictors of responding to the 12 year survey were being older (OR=1.02, 95%CI 1.01,1.05,P=0.001) and being less neurotic as reported on the first survey 12 years earlier (OR=0.92, 95%CI 0.86,0.98, P=0.010). Conclusions Psychological factors may play a role in determining who responds to long-term follow-up surveys although timing of incentives does not. PMID:24223902

Koloski, Natasha A.; Jones, Michael; Eslick, Guy; Talley, Nicholas J.

2013-01-01

30

Life Outcomes of Anterior Temporal Lobectomy: Serial Long-term Follow-up Evaluations  

PubMed Central

Background At three time points, this study examined long-term psychosocial life outcomes of individuals who underwent anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) compared to individuals with temporal lobe epilepsy that were medically managed. Objective Participants were on average 17 years post-surgery. Seizure frequency, employment, driving, independent living, financial independence, mental health, and quality of life were examined at each follow-up assessment, and predictors of outcomes were examined. Methods All participants were diagnosed with medically intractable complex partial seizures of temporal lobe origin with or without secondary generalization. A structured clinical interview was utilized at all three time points. Information was obtained regarding seizure frequency, anti-epilepsy medications, employment, driving status, financial assistance, and independent living. Additionally, questions regarding quality of life, satisfaction with surgery, and presence of depression or anxiety were included. Results Surgery resulted in significantly improved and sustained seizure outcomes. At the first, second, and third follow-ups 67%, 72%, and 67% of participants in the surgery group remained seizure free in the year prior to follow-up interview. At each follow-up, 97%, 84%, and 84% reported that they would undergo surgery again. Seizure freedom predicted driving outcomes at all three time points, but was not a significant predictor for employment, independent living or financial independence. Psychosocial life outcomes in the surgical group were improved and maintained over time when compared to the medically managed group. Conclusion This systematic long-term investigation provides strong support for the positive impact of ATL on psychosocial life outcomes including driving, employment, independent living, and financial independence. PMID:24056319

Jones, Jana E.; Blocher, Jacquelyn B.; Jackson, Daren C.

2014-01-01

31

Long-term Ultrasonographic Follow-up Study of Gastric Motility in Patients with Functional Dyspepsia  

PubMed Central

Although patients with functional dyspepsia complain of epigastric symptoms, the relation between these symptoms and gastric motility remains controversial. There are few reports on the clinical course of functional dyspepsia, including changes in gastric motility, observed over a considerably long period. We conducted a study to examine association between changes in symptoms and changes in ultrasonographically evaluated gastric motility over a long-term follow-up period in patients with functional dyspepsia. Forty patients (18 men, 22 women; mean age, 53.7 years) with functional dyspepsia were followed up by medical interview, physical examination, endoscopy, and ultrasonography for gastric motility. Follow-up ranged from 1.0 to 7.8 years (mean, 3.0 years). Ultrasonographic evaluation of gastric motility included gastric emptying rate and antral contractions. During the follow-up period, patients were treated with proton pump inhibitors, H2-blockers, or prokinetics. Symptoms improved in 21 patients (group A), but symptoms persisted or worsened in 19 patients (group B). There were no significant differences in clinical characteristics between the two groups. Gastric motility improved in group A but not in group B. In conclusion, improved gastric motility appears to correspond to and may explain improved symptoms in some patients with functional dyspepsia. PMID:18385832

Kamino, Daisuke; Manabe, Noriaki; Hata, Jiro; Haruma, Ken; Tanaka, Shinji; Chayama, Kazuaki

2008-01-01

32

Long-term follow-up study of gastroduodenal lesions after radioembolization of hepatic tumors  

PubMed Central

AIM: To evaluate the long-term natural history of the gastroduodenal lesions secondary to extrahepatic embolization with Ytrium 90 (90Y) spheres. METHODS: From September 2003 to January 2012, 379 procedures of liver radioembolization (RE) using resin microspheres loaded with 90Y were performed in our center. We have retrospectively compiled the data from 379 RE procedures performed in our center. We report a comprehensive clinical, analytical, endoscopic and histologic long-term follow-up of a series of patients who developed gastroduodenal lesions after the treatment. RESULTS: Six patients (1.5%) developed gastrointestinal symptoms and had gastrointestinal lesions as shown by upper endoscopy in the next 12 wk after RE. The mean time between RE and the appearance of symptoms was 5 wk. Only one patient required endoscopic and surgical treatment. The incidence of gastrointestinal ulcerations was 3.75% (3/80) when only planar images were used for the pre-treatment evaluation. It was reduced to 1% (3/299) when single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) images were also performed. The symptoms that lasted for a longer time were nausea and vomiting, until 25 mo after the treatment. CONCLUSION: All patients were free from severe symptoms at the end of follow-up. The routine use of SPECT has decreased the incidence of gastrointestinal lesions due to unintended deployment of 90Y particles. PMID:23704826

Rodríguez-Lago, Iago; Carretero, Cristina; Herráiz, Maite; Subtil, José C; Betés, Maite; Rodríguez-Fraile, Macarena; Sola, Jesús J; Bilbao, José I; Muñoz-Navas, Miguel; Sangro, Bruno

2013-01-01

33

The maintenance of behavioral change: the case for long-term follow-ups.  

PubMed

This article discusses response maintenance, the durability of behavior change after therapy, treatment, or training ends. Response maintenance is one of the three forms of generalized behavior change, with the others being setting/situation generalization and response generalization. Long-term maintenance of treatment effects is an important issue after behavior change has taken place and is the goal of most programs. Areas discussed include factors affecting the study of maintenance, techniques for programming it, and analyzing and evaluating strategies for promoting it. This article presents a number of long-term follow-ups of programs designed to treat the addictive behaviors of typical adults (Foxx, 1982; Foxx, Brown, & Katz, 1981) and to teach social skills (Foxx & Faw, 1992) and language (Foxx & Faw, 1990) to individuals with intellectual disabilities and autism as well as to decrease their severe maladaptive behaviors (Foxx, 1990; Foxx & Livesay, 1984). In the process, various factors that appeared to contribute to long-term maintenance are identified. The article concludes with some recommendations regarding the study of maintenance. PMID:24320663

Foxx, Richard M

2013-11-01

34

Case of cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome with long-term follow-up  

PubMed Central

Long-term cannabis use may be associated with attacks of severe nausea and vomiting, and a characteristic learned behavior of compulsive hot bathing, termed cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS). Long-term follow-up and prognosis of CHS have not been reported previously. A 44-year-old Caucasian man with a long history of addiction to marijuana presented with chronic abdominal pain complicated by attacks of uncontrollable vomiting for 16 years. He had a compulsion to take scalding hot showers, as many as 15 times a day, to relieve his symptoms. All previous therapies had been ineffective. However, abstinence from marijuana led to rapid and complete resolution of all symptoms and his compulsive hot showering behavior. He has been followed for nine years, and is still doing well without recurrence of symptoms. Physicians should have a high index of suspicion for this under-recognized condition, as excellent long-term prognosis of CHS can be achieved when abstinence is maintained. PMID:25516874

Cha, Jae Myung; Kozarek, Richard A; Lin, Otto S

2014-01-01

35

Case of cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome with long-term follow-up.  

PubMed

Long-term cannabis use may be associated with attacks of severe nausea and vomiting, and a characteristic learned behavior of compulsive hot bathing, termed cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS). Long-term follow-up and prognosis of CHS have not been reported previously. A 44-year-old Caucasian man with a long history of addiction to marijuana presented with chronic abdominal pain complicated by attacks of uncontrollable vomiting for 16 years. He had a compulsion to take scalding hot showers, as many as 15 times a day, to relieve his symptoms. All previous therapies had been ineffective. However, abstinence from marijuana led to rapid and complete resolution of all symptoms and his compulsive hot showering behavior. He has been followed for nine years, and is still doing well without recurrence of symptoms. Physicians should have a high index of suspicion for this under-recognized condition, as excellent long-term prognosis of CHS can be achieved when abstinence is maintained. PMID:25516874

Cha, Jae Myung; Kozarek, Richard A; Lin, Otto S

2014-12-16

36

Long-term follow-up of coronary angioplasty in patients with diabetes compared with nondiabetics  

PubMed Central

Background Some reports have indicated that in patients with diabetes mellitus and multivessel disease, coronary artery bypass surgery is preferred over percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We retrospectively compared outcome PCI in diabetic and nondiabetic patients. Methods Ninety-seven diabetics and 971 nondiabetics were included and randomised before PCI to aspirin alone or aspirin plus coumadin. Fifty diabetics and 481 nondiabetics underwent follow-up angiography. The primary endpoint comprised all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction or targetvessel revascularisation. Results Baseline characteristics were similar between the groups except for significantly more males and smokers among the nondiabetics. The diabetics had significantly more previous strokes, more left anterior descending coronary artery disease as well as more restenotic lesions and multivessel disease. At 30 days, the primary endpoint had occurred in five diabetics (5.2%) and 47 nondiabetics (4.9%), (p=0.8) and at one year in 17 (17.5%) and in 165 (17.1%), respectively (p=0.9). Event-free survival remained comparable during long-term follow-up (four years). Multivariate analysis showed no differences for the occurrence of any event (p=0.9, 95% CI 0.6-1.7). At six months, the minimal luminal diameter was significantly smaller in the diabetics (1.55±0.76 mm vs. 1.78±0.66 mm, p=0.01). Diabetics also had more restenosis (41% vs. 23%, p=0.003). Conclusion Despite angiographical differences at six months between the diabetics and nondiabetics, both short-term and long-term clinical follow-up appeared to be similar.

Brueren, B.R.G.; ten Berg, J.M.; Kelder, J.C.; Suttorp, M.J.; Mast, E.G.; Bal, E.; Ernst, S.M.P.G.; Plokker, H.W.T.

2004-01-01

37

Long-term follow-up of functioning after spinal surgery in patients with Rett syndrome.  

PubMed

In a prospective study, 23 consecutive girls with Rett syndrome and neuromuscular scoliosis were evaluated for functioning at a long-term follow-up. The patients had mostly improved, which was confirmed by their parents. Rett syndrome is associated with neuromuscular scoliosis and has a typically long C-shaped thoracolumbar kyphoscoliosis. Prospective long-term follow-up studies related to these patients' total situation are sparse. Most studies focus on the Cobb angle of the scoliosis, whereas parents are mainly concerned about the girls' continued functioning. Twenty-three patients with Rett syndrome and neuromuscular scoliosis were evaluated preoperatively from 1993 to 2002. At follow-up, 19 patients remained in the study. Three patients died (not due to surgery), and one patient could not participate because it was too far to travel. Mean follow-up time was 74 months (range 49-99 months). The assessments comprised the sitting balance, seating supports in wheelchair, weight distribution, time used for rest, care given, and angle of scoliosis. Follow-up questionnaires and two-open-ended questions about the positive and negative effects of surgery were sent to parents. Sitting balance, number of seating supports in wheelchair, weight distribution, time used for rest, and the Cobb angle had all improved after surgery. The parents assessed improvement in seating position, daily activities, time used for rest, and cosmetic appearance. We can conclude that the stabilized spine resulted in sufficient strength to keep the body upright with the possibility of looking around at the surroundings more easily. The girls got better seating position with less need for seating adaptations in the wheelchair and with reduced time needed for resting during the day. Finally we can conclude that the indication for surgery is to get a better posture which lead to less risk of pressure sores, and that un upright position lead to better possibility to easily breath with fewer episodes of pneumonia and a better general health as result. The evidence of positive surgical effects for girls with Rett syndrome is of great importance in indication for surgery in the decision-making process. PMID:19165511

Larsson, Eva-Lena; Aaro, Stig; Ahlinder, Peter; Normelli, Helena; Tropp, Hans; Oberg, Birgitta

2009-04-01

38

Problems during the Long-Term Follow-Up after Surgery for Pediatric Solid Malignancies.  

PubMed

Introduction?With the recent improvements in the prognosis of pediatric malignancies, the number of patients surviving long-term after surgery has been increasing. Therefore, the late effects of cancer treatments are important issues. In this study, we analyzed the problems associated with the treatment of pediatric patients during the long-term follow-up after surgery. Patients and Methods?A total of 64 patients with pediatric malignancies who underwent surgical treatment and were followed up for more than 5 years and who were older than 13 years of age were included in this study. The average age was 20.8 (13-33) years, and the follow-up ranged from 5 to 31 years (mean, 17.7 years). Twenty-one patients (32.3%) received high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) and nine (14.1%) received radiotherapy. Results?In this study, 46 patients (71.9%) developed at least one problem during the follow-up period. With regard to the surgical problems, 14 patients underwent nephrectomy, and 1 of them developed renal failure. One patient received cystectomy with urinary tract reconstruction. One patient received a partial vaginectomy. Two cases with ovarian tumors received oophorectomy, one of whom also received partial hysterectomy. Other complications such as ileus, scoliosis, and leg length discrepancies were seen in some patients. In terms of the medical problems, 15 patients showed growth retardation and 2 were treated with growth hormone therapy. Gonadal dysfunction was observed in 23 patients, and 8 of them were treated with hormone replacement therapy. Six patients developed hypothyroidism, two of whom were treated with thyroid hormone replacement therapy. Other medial issues, such as hearing impairment, low bone mineral density, and hepatitis, were seen in some patients. The rate of growth retardation, gonadal dysfunction, and hypothyroidism were significantly higher in the patients who received HDC (p?follow-up by not only pediatric surgeons but also by various specialists, such as pediatric oncologists, pediatric endocrinologists, urologists, and gynecologists, are necessary. PMID:25144353

Oue, Takaharu; Miyoshi, Yoko; Hashii, Yoshiko; Uehara, Shuichiro; Ueno, Takehisa; Nara, Keigo; Usui, Noriaki; Ozono, Keiichi

2015-02-01

39

Long-Term Follow-up After Embolization of Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformations with Detachable Silicone Balloons  

SciTech Connect

Long-term follow-up results after embolization of 13 pulmonary arteriovenous malformations in 10 patients by use of 14 detachable silicone balloons are given. Patients were followed for a mean of 99 months (range, 63-123 months) with chest x-rays and for a mean of 62 months (range, 3-101 months) with pulmonary angiography. Fifty-four percent of the balloons were deflated at latest radiographic chest film follow-up, but at pulmonary angiographic follow-up all embolized malformations were without flow irrespective of whether or not the balloons were visible. Detachable silicone balloons are not available anymore, but use of these balloons for embolization of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations has been shown to be a safe and precise method, with immediate occlusion of the feeding artery and with long-lasting occlusion, even though many balloons deflate with time, leaving a fibrotic scar replacing the pulmonary arteriovenous malformation. No case of recanalization has been discovered, and these results seem to justify a reduced number of controls of these balloon-embolized malformations.

Andersen, Poul Erik [Odense University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Denmark)], E-mail: anders1@dadlnet.dk; Kjeldsen, Anette D. [Odense University Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology (Denmark)

2008-05-15

40

The surgical management of urogenital tuberculosis our experience and long-term follow-up  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Urogenital tuberculosis (TB) is common in developing countries. We present our experience of surgically managed cases of genitourinary TB (GUTB). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 60 cases GUTB who underwent surgery at our center from January 2003 to January 2010. Mode of presentation, organ involvement, investigation, surgical treatment and follow-up were studied. Results: There were 38 males and 22 females with a mean age of 32.5 years. The most common symptom was irritative voiding symptoms. The most common organ involved was bladder in 33 cases, and next most common was kidney in 30 cases. Preoperative bacteriologic diagnosis was confirmed in only 19 cases. A total of 66 procedures were performed as some patients needed more than one procedure. These included 35 ablative procedures and 31 reconstructive procedures. All the patients were followed-up with renal function test (RFT) at 3, 6 and 12 months. The intravenous urography and diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid scan were performed at 3 months when indicated. Then the patients were followed with RFT and ultrasonography 6 monthly for 3 years and then annual RFT. Conclusion: Many patients of urogenital TB present late with cicatrisation sequelae. Multidrug chemotherapy with judicious surgery as and when indicated is the ideal treatment. The results of reconstructive surgery are good and should be done when possible. Rigorous and long term follow-up is necessary in patients undergoing reconstructive surgery.

Bansal, Punit; Bansal, Neeru

2015-01-01

41

Long-term follow-up of children breast-fed by mothers using oral contraceptives.  

PubMed

In a long-term follow-up study 48 breast-fed children, whose mothers had used oral contraceptives containing 50 micrograms of ethinylestradiol while lactating, were compared to a matched control group whose mothers had not used any hormonal contraceptives during lactation. In spite of a very large number of data collected from several different sources of information, no effect could be demonstrated of the ingested steroid, neither upon the panorama of diseases nor upon intellectual or psychological behaviour of the infants and children up to 8 years of age. The mothers who used oral contraceptives lactated a significantly shorter period of time than the controls, but no differences were found in weight gain and height increase in the children between cases and controls. PMID:3816229

Nilsson, S; Mellbin, T; Hofvander, Y; Sundelin, C; Valentin, J; Nygren, K G

1986-11-01

42

Long-term follow-up and prognostic factors for advanced thymic carcinoma.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term survival outcomes in patients with advanced thymic carcinoma and identify prognostic factors influencing the survival.We retrospectively analyzed 90 consecutive patients with pathologically confirmed advanced thymic carcinoma (Masaoka III and IV) in our institute, from December 2000 to 2012. Age, sex, clinical characteristics, laboratory findings, Masaoka and tumor node metastasis staging, pathologic grade, and treatment modalities were analyzed to identify prognostic factors associated with the progress-free survival (PFS) and the overall survival (OS) rates. Statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS, version 19.0 (SPSS, Inc, Chicago, IL).A total of 73 (81.1%) male and 17 (18.9%) female patients participated in the study. The median follow-up time was 75 months (range, 20-158 months). The 5-year PFS and OS rates were 23.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 14.6%-33.8%) and 35.7% (95% CI, 25.1%-46.4%), respectively. The multivariate Cox regression model analysis showed that factors improving the PFS were the normal lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level (P?Long-term follow-up of the advanced thymic carcinoma showed poor outcomes of PFS and OS. LDH, Masaoka stage, and RT affected the PFS, and LDH, T stage, and pathologic grade seemed to affect the OS. Establishing a better staging system for predicting outcomes would be warranted. PMID:25526488

Wu, Jun-Xin; Chen, Hui-Qin; Shao, Ling-Dong; Qiu, Su-Fang; Ni, Qian-Yu; Zheng, Bu-Hong; Wang, Jie-Zhong; Pan, Jian-Ji; Li, Jin-Luan

2014-12-01

43

Long-term follow-up of cytogenetically normal CEBPA-mutated AML.  

PubMed

BackgroundThe aim of this study was to analyze the long-term survival of AML patients with CEBPA mutations.Patients and methodsWe investigated 88 AML patients with a median age of 61 years and (1) cytogenetically normal AML (CN-AML), (2) monoallelic (moCEBPA) or biallelic (biCEBPA) CEBPA mutation, and (3) intensive induction treatment. 60/88 patients have been described previously with a shorter follow-up.ResultsMedian follow-up time was 9.8 years (95% CI: 9.4-10.1 years) compared to 3.2 and 5.2 years in our former analyses. Patients with biCEBPA survived significantly longer compared to those with moCEBPA (median overall survival (OS) 9.6 years vs. 1.7 years, p¿=¿0.008). Patients¿¿¿60 years and biCEBPA mutations showed a favorable prognosis with a 10-year OS rate of 81%.Both, bi- and moCEBPA-mutated groups had a low early death (d60) rate of 7% and 9%, respectively. Complete remission (CR) rates for biCEBPA- and moCEBPA-mutated patients were 82% vs. 70% (p¿=¿0.17). biCEBPA-mutated patients showed a longer relapse free survival (RFS) (median RFS 9.4 years vs. 1.5 years, p¿=¿0.021) and a lower cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) compared to moCEBPA-mutated patients. These differences in OS and RFS were confirmed after adjustment for known clinical and molecular prognostic factors.ConclusionsIn this long-term observation we confirmed the favorable prognostic outcome of patients with biCEBPA mutations compared to moCEBPA-mutated CN-AML. The high probability of OS (81%) in younger patients is helpful to guide intensity of postremission therapy. PMID:25214041

Pastore, Friederike; Kling, Daniela; Hoster, Eva; Dufour, Annika; Konstandin, Nikola P; Schneider, Stephanie; Sauerland, Maria C; Berdel, Wolfgang E; Buechner, Thomas; Woermann, Bernhard; Braess, Jan; Hiddemann, Wolfgang; Spiekermann, Karsten

2014-09-10

44

Transvaginal Aspiration of Ovarian Cysts: Long-Term Follow-up  

SciTech Connect

Background and purpose. Transvaginal aspiration of ovarian cysts has been advocated as a viable alternative to surgery in patients who are high-risk surgical candidates. We describe a retrospective study evaluating the results of transvaginal aspirations of benign ovarian cysts in patients at increased surgical risk, focusing on long-term follow-up for recurrence of the cyst and/or development of malignancy. Methods. Twenty-four women with ovarian cysts underwent 34 transvaginal drainages between October 1998 and December 2004. All patients were referred following diagnosis of a persistent ovarian cyst with a benign appearance on ultrasound. All patients were unsuitable candidates for surgery (history of previous pelvic surgery, n = 21; high risk for anesthesia, n = 1; and unsuitable for laparoscopy due to obesity, n = 2). Patients with a history of pregnancy, acute abdominal symptoms, or previous gynecologic malignancy were excluded. A 20G x 20 cm Chiba needle was used for transvaginal aspiration using an endocavity probe (Acuson XP, Mountain View, CA, USA; Siemens Sololine, Erlangen, Germany) and intravenous sedoanalgesia. Cysts were aspirated to dryness. Results. Long-term follow-up of patients was performed and revealed a recurrence rate of 75%. Eighty-three percent of cysts on the left and 42% of those on the right recurred. Nine of 15 (60%) patients with recurrence required further intervention. Two of 9 underwent surgical intervention only, 4 of 9 had repeat transvaginal aspiration(s) performed, and 3 of 9 had a combination of both transvaginal aspiration and surgery. No patient developed ovarian malignancy. Conclusion. Transvaginal cyst aspiration has many advantages including short hospital stay, rapid recovery, excellent patient tolerance, and a low rate of procedure-related complications. Our study demonstrates that ovarian cyst recurrence following transvaginal drainage is a more significant problem than previously documented, especially if the cyst is on the left side. However, when recurrences do occur, repeat transvaginal aspirations may be considered in the symptomatic patient.

Duke, D.; Colville, J.; Keeling, A.; Broe, D.; Fotheringham, T.; Lee, M.J. [Beaumont Hospital, Department of Academic Radiology (Ireland)], E-mail: mlee@rcsi.ie

2006-06-15

45

Long-term follow-up of a dental faculty development program.  

PubMed

Many, if not most, dental faculty members have not received formal training to be educators. However, the importance of faculty development programs in improving teaching skills, fostering career development, and reinforcing relationships with colleagues and mentors has increasingly been acknowledged. In 2005, the Excellence in Clinical Teaching Program at New York University College of Dentistry (NYUCD) was created to enhance the clinical teaching skills of NYUCD faculty members. As of spring 2009, fifty-nine faculty members had participated in eight separate cohorts. The program consists of five formal group sessions supplemented by readings, reflection papers, and a final project. This study examined the short- and long-term effectiveness of the program. Participants were asked to complete a short pre-program survey to self-assess their teaching abilities and, at the last session, a satisfaction survey. In fall 2011, forty-eight faculty members who completed the program from spring 2005 to fall 2009 and were actively teaching at least one session a week at NYUCD were asked to complete a follow-up survey asking about the long-term value of the program and their academic career progression since program completion. Thirty-three faculty members responded for a response rate of 69 percent. Ninety-seven percent of the respondents indicated they would recommend the program to their colleagues, 94 percent said program participation led to a greater likelihood of conferring with peers about teaching issues,79 percent had increased their teaching responsibilities, and 62 percent said that presenting the final project improved their presentation skills. In addition, the retention rate of those still teaching at the school (81 percent) exceeds national retention rate averages for dental faculty. This follow-up study suggests that participation in the Excellence in Clinical Teaching Program is associated with meaningful professional growth. PMID:23740908

McAndrew, Maureen; Motwaly, Suzanne; Kamens, Tracy Ellen

2013-06-01

46

Long-term follow-up after gene therapy for canavan disease.  

PubMed

Canavan disease is a hereditary leukodystrophy caused by mutations in the aspartoacylase gene (ASPA), leading to loss of enzyme activity and increased concentrations of the substrate N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA) in the brain. Accumulation of NAA results in spongiform degeneration of white matter and severe impairment of psychomotor development. The goal of this prospective cohort study was to assess long-term safety and preliminary efficacy measures after gene therapy with an adeno-associated viral vector carrying the ASPA gene (AAV2-ASPA). Using noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging and standardized clinical rating scales, we observed Canavan disease in 28 patients, with a subset of 13 patients being treated with AAV2-ASPA. Each patient received 9 × 10(11) vector genomes via intraparenchymal delivery at six brain infusion sites. Safety data collected over a minimum 5-year follow-up period showed a lack of long-term adverse events related to the AAV2 vector. Posttreatment effects were analyzed using a generalized linear mixed model, which showed changes in predefined surrogate markers of disease progression and clinical assessment subscores. AAV2-ASPA gene therapy resulted in a decrease in elevated NAA in the brain and slowed progression of brain atrophy, with some improvement in seizure frequency and with stabilization of overall clinical status. PMID:23253610

Leone, Paola; Shera, David; McPhee, Scott W J; Francis, Jeremy S; Kolodny, Edwin H; Bilaniuk, Larissa T; Wang, Dah-Jyuu; Assadi, Mitra; Goldfarb, Olga; Goldman, H Warren; Freese, Andrew; Young, Deborah; During, Matthew J; Samulski, R Jude; Janson, Christopher G

2012-12-19

47

Long-Term Follow-Up After Gene Therapy for Canavan Disease  

PubMed Central

Canavan disease is a hereditary leukodystrophy caused by mutations in the aspartoacylase gene (ASPA), leading to loss of enzyme activity and increased concentrations of the substrate N-acetylaspartate (NAA) in the brain. Accumulation of NAA results in spongiform degeneration of white matter and severe impairment of psychomotor development. The goal of this prospective cohort study was to assess long-term safety and preliminary efficacy measures after gene therapy with an adeno-associated viral vector carrying the ASPA gene (AAV2-ASPA). Using noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging and standardized clinical rating scales, we observed Canavan disease in 28 patients, with a subset of 13 patients being treated with AAV2-ASPA. Each patient received 9 × 1011 vector genomes via intraparenchymal delivery at six brain infusion sites. Safety data collected over a minimum 5-year follow-up period showed a lack of long-term adverse events related to the AAV2 vector. Posttreatment effects were analyzed using a generalized linear mixed model, which showed changes in predefined surrogate markers of disease progression and clinical assessment subscores. AAV2-ASPA gene therapy resulted in a decrease in elevated NAA in the brain and slowed progression of brain atrophy, with some improvement in seizure frequency and with stabilization of overall clinical status. PMID:23253610

Leone, Paola; Shera, David; McPhee, Scott W.J.; Francis, Jeremy S.; Kolodny, Edwin H.; Bilaniuk, Larissa T.; Wang, Dah-Jyuu; Assadi, Mitra; Goldfarb, Olga; Goldman, H. Warren; Freese, Andrew; Young, Deborah; During, Matthew J.; Samulski, R. Jude; Janson, Christopher G.

2013-01-01

48

Inpatient treatment of functional motor symptoms: a long-term follow-up study.  

PubMed

Functional neurological disorders are common, disabling and often difficult to treat. There is little consensus on the best approach to management. Multidisciplinary inpatient approaches are employed in some centres for patients with severe refractory symptoms, but their efficacy and, in particular, long-term outcomes are uncertain. We conducted a study using questionnaires completed retrospectively by patients treated at a specialised multidisciplinary inpatient programme at the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery. Consecutive patients with functional motor symptoms admitted to this centre between 2006 and 2008 were invited to participate. Questionnaires were sent at least 2 years after discharge. We contacted 32 patients, and 26 responded. The majority had symptoms for at least 3 years prior to admission; 58 % of patients reported benefit from the programme on discharge. This self-reported benefit to symptoms and function was after a 2-year follow-up period in the majority of patients, but return to work or cessation of health-related financial benefits was uncommon even in those who improved. Seventy-four percent of those questioned stated they would recommend the programme to others with similar symptoms. Attribution of symptoms to stress or emotional state was correlated with favourable outcome. Our data suggest that multidisciplinary inpatient treatment for patients with refractory functional motor symptoms provides self-reported benefit in the long-term. Prospective analysis of such interventions and the determinants of benefit need assessment in order to improve the service and target treatment to patients most likely to benefit. PMID:22584953

Saifee, T A; Kassavetis, P; Pareés, I; Kojovic, M; Fisher, L; Morton, L; Foong, J; Price, G; Joyce, E M; Edwards, M J

2012-09-01

49

Abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: long-term follow-up of endovascular versus open repair  

PubMed Central

Introduction To compare early and long-term outcomes of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) versus open repair (OPEN). Design: Prospective observational, per protocol, non-randomized, with retrospective analyses. Material and methods Between 2000 and 2005, a total of 311 patients having EVAR or OPEN repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms were identified and included in this prospective single-center observational study. A propensity score-based optimal-matching algorithm was employed, and 138 patients undergoing EVAR procedures were matched (1: 1) to OPEN repair. Results Open repair showed higher hospital mortality (17% vs. 6%, p = 0.004), respiratory failure (p < 0.026), transfusion requirement (p < 0.001), and intensive care unit admission (27% vs. 7%, p < 0.001), and longer hospitalization (p < 0.001). Median follow-up was 70 months (25th to 75th percentile, 24 to 101). Actuarial survival estimates at 1, 5 and 10 years were 93%, 74%, 49% for the OPEN group compared to 89%, 69%, 59% for the EVAR group (p = 0.465). A significant difference between groups was observed in younger patients (< 75 years) only (p < 0.044). Late complication and re-intervention rates were significantly higher in EVAR patients (p < 0.001 and p = 0.002, respectively). Freedom from late complications at 1, 5 and 10 years was 96%, 92%, 86%, and 84%, 70%, 64% for OPEN and EVAR procedures, respectively. Conclusions Our experience confirms the excellent results of the EVAR procedures, offering excellent early and long-term results in terms of safety and reduction of mortality. Patients < 75 years seem to benefit from EVAR not only in the immediate postoperative period but even in a long-term perspective. PMID:24904660

Mariscalco, Giovanni; Riva, Francesca; Fontana, Federico; Carrafiello, Gianpaolo; Castelli, Patrizio

2014-01-01

50

Long-Term Follow-Up after Surgery for Congenital and Developmental Cataracts.  

PubMed

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate long-term functional outcomes after surgery for congenital and developmental cataracts. Methods: In this retrospective interventional study, patients with congenital and developmental cataracts observed from 1996 to 2013 were included. Traumatic cataracts and cataracts secondary to other pathologies were excluded from the study. Minimum follow-up for inclusion was five years. Results: We included 117 patients operated on for congenital cataracts (58 females and 59 males, mean age 0.59?±?0.2 years, 160 eyes) and 73 patients operated on for developmental cataracts (32 females and 41 males, mean age 6.63?±?0.7 years, 121 eyes). Mean postsurgical follow-up was 9.26?±?1.3 years (range, 5-14 years). After surgery for developmental cataracts, both distance and near BCVA were greater (p?=?0.001), as was the presence of binocular vision (p?=?0.001), while incidence of strabismus and myopic shift was lower (p?=?0.001 and p?=?0.02, respectively). Conclusion: Postsurgical data showed better functional outcomes in developmental cataracts when compared to congenital cataracts. PMID:25323995

Magli, Adriano; Forte, Raimondo; Carelli, Roberta; Magli, Giulia; Esposito, Francesca; Torre, Angelo

2014-10-17

51

Long-term follow-up of patients receiving boceprevir for treatment of chronic hepatitis C.  

PubMed

The durability of sustained virologic response (SVR) following boceprevir-based therapy in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has not been reported. Furthermore, in patients receiving protease inhibitor-based therapies, development of resistance can contribute to treatment failure. The aim of the present study was to follow the clinical progression of patients treated with boceprevir after treatment in phase 2/3 clinical trials. This was a 3-year, long-term follow-up analysis of patients enrolled in boceprevir phase 2/3 studies. No treatment was administered during follow-up. Patients with SVR were assessed for durability of viral eradication. Non-SVR patients with on-treatment resistance-associated variants (RAVs) were assessed for longevity of RAVs. A total of 1148 patients (SVR, n=696; virologic failure, n=452) were enrolled in this follow-up analysis. The median duration of follow-up was approximately 3.4years (range of 0.0-4.1years). Overall, 3 of 696 patients with SVR had detectable HCV RNA during the follow-up period (relapse rate of 0.4% or 1.3 relapses/1000 person-years). The majority of patients who developed RAVs during the initial treatment study (228/314, 73%) reverted to wild-type (WT) within 3years (RAVs persisted in 27% of patients). The median time for all RAVs to become undetectable was 1.11years (95% confidence interval 1.05-1.20years). V36M, T54A, A156S, I/V170A and V36M+R155K appeared to have a faster rate of return to WT (median times to return to WT of ?0.9years); whereas, T54S, R155K, V55A and T54S+R155K had a slower rate of return to WT (median times to return to WT of approximately 1.1years). Return to WT appeared slightly faster in patients with G1b RAVs compared to those with G1a RAVs, and in patients with previous non-response or relapse versus breakthrough or incomplete virologic response. SVR was durable in most patients treated with boceprevir. Furthermore, most RAVs present at the time of virologic failure reverted to WT over time. Time to return to WT was associated with the phenotype of RAV, presumably a reflection of the fitness of the mutant virus, suggesting that HCV RAVs are not permanently archived, but are replaced in the viral population by WT virus. PMID:25446895

Howe, Anita Y M; Long, Jianmin; Nickle, David; Barnard, Richard; Thompson, Seth; Howe, John; Alves, Katia; Wahl, Janice

2015-01-01

52

Long-term follow-up of Fanconi anemia: clinical manifestation and treatment outcome  

PubMed Central

Purpose The aim of this study was to characterize Korean patients with Fanconi anemia (FA), which is a rare but very challenging genetic disease. Methods The medical records of 12 FA patients diagnosed at Chonnam National University Hospital from 1991 to 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Results The median age at diagnosis was 6.2 years. All patients showed evidence of marrow failure and one or more physical stigmata. Chromosome breakage tests were positive in 9 out of 11 available patients. The median follow-up duration was 69.5 months. The Kaplan-Meier (KM) survival of all patients was 83.3% at 10 years and 34.7% at 20 years, respectively. Seven patients underwent 9 stem cell transplantations (SCTs). Among them, 5 were alive by the end of the study. Ten-year KM survival after SCT was 71.4% with a median follow-up of 3.4 years. All 5 patients treated with supportive treatment alone died of infection or progression at the median age of 13.5 years, except for one with short follow-up duration. Acute leukemia developed in 2 patients at 15.4 and 18.1 years of age. Among 6 patients who are still alive, 3 had short stature and 1 developed insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Conclusion We provide information on the long-term outcomes of FA patients in Korea. A nation-wide FA registry that includes information of the genotypes of Korean patients is required to further characterize ethnic differences and provide the best standard of care for FA patients. PMID:24778694

Yoon, Byung Gyu; Kim, Hee Na; Han, Ui Joung; Jang, Hae In; Han, Dong Kyun; Baek, Hee Jo; Hwang, Tai Ju

2014-01-01

53

The Sugen 5416/hypoxia mouse model of pulmonary hypertension revisited: long-term follow-up  

PubMed Central

Abstract The combination of a vascular endothelial growth factor receptor antagonist, Sugen 5416 (SU5416), and chronic hypoxia is known to cause pronounced pulmonary hypertension (PH) with angioobliterative lesions in rats and leads to exaggerated PH in mice as well. We sought to determine whether weekly SU5416 injections during 3 weeks of hypoxia leads to long-term development of angioobliterative lesions and sustained or progressive PH in mice. Male C57BL/6J mice were injected with SU5416 (SuHx) or vehicle (VehHx) weekly during 3 weeks of exposure to 10% oxygen. Echocardiographic and invasive measures of hemodynamics and pulmonary vascular morphometry were performed after the 3-week hypoxic exposure and after 10 weeks of recovery in normoxia. SuHx led to higher right ventricular (RV) systolic pressure and RV hypertrophy than VehHx after 3 weeks of hypoxia. Ten weeks after hypoxic exposure, RV systolic pressure decreased but remained elevated in SuHx mice compared with VehHx or normoxic control mice, but RV hypertrophy had resolved. After 3 weeks of hypoxia and 10 weeks of follow-up in normoxia, tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion was significantly decreased, indicating decreased systolic RV function. Very few angioobliterative lesions were found at the 10-week follow-up time point in SuHx mouse lungs. In conclusion, SU5416 combined with 3 weeks of hypoxia causes a more profound PH phenotype in mice than hypoxia alone. PH persists over 10 weeks of normoxic follow-up in SuHx mice, but significant angioobliterative lesions do not occur, and neither PH nor RV dysfunction worsens. The SuHx mouse model is a useful adjunct to other PH models, but the search will continue for a mouse model that better recapitulates the human phenotype. PMID:25610598

Hansmann, Georg; Rose, Chase; Fernandez-Gonzalez, Angeles; Scheid, Annette; Mitsialis, S. Alex; Kourembanas, Stella

2014-01-01

54

Long-term success and follow-up after atrial fibrillation ablation.  

PubMed

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most prevalent sustained arrhythmia in clinical practice. It is associated with significant morbidity and mortality and has been identified as an independent risk factor for ischemic stroke and thromboembolic events. Catheter ablation has become an established rhythm control therapy in patients with highly symptomatic drug-refractory AF. The definition of ablation success remains controversial since current symptom-based or intermittent electrocardiogram monitoring strategies fail to sufficiently disclose rhythm outcome. This failure is mainly related to the high incidence of asymptomatic AF recurrences, the unpredictable nature of arrhythmia relapses, and the poor correlation of symptoms and AF episodes. There is a clear correlation between the intensity of the monitoring strategy and the sensitivity for it to detect arrhythmia recurrences. Furthermore, several clinical studies assessing the long-term efficacy of catheter ablation procedures have reported late AF recurrences in patients who were initially considered responders to catheter ablation. In certain subsets of patients, precise long-term monitoring may help to guide therapy, e.g. patients in whom withdrawal of antithrombotic therapy may be considered if they are free of arrhythmia recurrences. Recently, subcutaneous implantable cardiac monitors (ICM) have been introduced for prolonged and continuous rhythm monitoring. The performance of a leadless ICM equipped with a dedicated AF detection algorithm has recently been assessed in a clinical trial demonstrating a high sensitivity and overall accuracy for identifying patients with AF. The clinical impact of ICM-based follow-up strategies, however, has to be evaluated in prospective clinical trials. PMID:22920479

Kircher, S; Hindricks, G; Sommer, P

2012-11-01

55

Long-term Success and Follow-up After Atrial Fibrillation Ablation  

PubMed Central

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most prevalent sustained arrhythmia in clinical practice. It is associated with significant morbidity and mortality and has been identified as an independent risk factor for ischemic stroke and thromboembolic events. Catheter ablation has become an established rhythm control therapy in patients with highly symptomatic drug-refractory AF. The definition of ablation success remains controversial since current symptom-based or intermittent electrocardiogram monitoring strategies fail to sufficiently disclose rhythm outcome. This failure is mainly related to the high incidence of asymptomatic AF recurrences, the unpredictable nature of arrhythmia relapses, and the poor correlation of symptoms and AF episodes. There is a clear correlation between the intensity of the monitoring strategy and the sensitivity for it to detect arrhythmia recurrences. Furthermore, several clinical studies assessing the long-term efficacy of catheter ablation procedures have reported late AF recurrences in patients who were initially considered responders to catheter ablation. In certain subsets of patients, precise long-term monitoring may help to guide therapy, e.g. patients in whom withdrawal of antithrombotic therapy may be considered if they are free of arrhythmia recurrences. Recently, sub-cutaneous implantable cardiac monitors (ICM) have been introduced for prolonged and continuous rhythm monitoring. The performance of a leadless ICM equipped with a dedicated AF detection algorithm has recently been assessed in a clinical trial demonstrating a high sensitivity and overall accuracy for identifying patients with AF. The clinical impact of ICM-based follow-up strategies, however, has to be evaluated in prospective clinical trials. PMID:22920479

Kircher, S; Hindricks, G; Sommer, P

2012-01-01

56

Long-term follow-up of tibial bone graft for correction of alveolar cleft  

PubMed Central

Aims: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the quality and stability of autogenous tibial bone graft for the correction of alveolar bone defects in cleft patients in a long-term study as well as to evaluate the postoperative morbidity and risk of complications. Materials and Methods: A total of 47 patients with 55 donor sites were involved in this study. The first author performed all the procedures from 2003 to 2011. Medial and lateral approaches were used to harvest the bone with standardized surgical technique. Evaluation in both donor and recipient sites was done by clinical examination, postoperative pain and recovery, and radiographic examination by Panoramic and occlusal X-rays and lateral X-ray for the tibia. Moreover, the donor site was assessed for functionality and mobility based on the Lysholm score. Finally, the patient's experience was evaluated subjectively utilizing a visual analog scale. Results: The surgical outcome was satisfied in all except two cases with total graft resorption for unknown reasons. Regarding the postoperative patient experience we found that patients experienced pain in the recipient site more than they did at the donor site at 24-hour and two-week follow-ups. Conclusion: We conclude that the proximal tibia is a safe site from which cancellous bone graft can be harvested to repair the alveolus as it carries less early and late morbidity. Thus, we suggest that the tibia is an excellent choice as a donor site for alveolar bone grafting in children and adult with cleft lip and palate with satisfactory long-term stability. PMID:23482654

Al Harbi, Hamad; Al Yamani, Ahmed

2012-01-01

57

[Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy: a 7 years experience long-term tube feeding. Follow-up].  

PubMed

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is the first choice method for long-term enteral feeding when the digestive tube is undamaged and the patients' survival is longer than 2 months. There are increasing series and indications reported and although it is a safe technique we should take into account an appropriate patient selection. The aim of this work was to analyze the follow-up of the patients undergoing percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) at a hospital with high assistance level and one of the referents for organ transplantation in our community, with the peculiarities that this may have on our series. We analyze a cohort of 73 patients submitted to PEG during the years 2000-2007 at the Reina Sofía Hospital of Córdoba. Neurological and ENT neoplasms and upper GI tract neoplasms are among the most frequent causes, with similar results to those reported in other series. We highlight the number of young patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) in our series with nutritional support through PEG complementing oral and nocturnal feeding, which has lead to improved nutritional parameters before lung transplant. In consequence, we therefore analyze patients' selection and their characteristics, the ethical and moral implications in some of these patients, such in neurological patients, their complications, mortality, and we mention as being of interest the transient and well tolerated indication in a subgroup of CF patients that deserves special mention. PMID:21666980

Rodríguez Ortega, P; Calañas Continente, A; Molina Puertas, M J; Gutiérrez Alcántara, C; Benito López, P; Lavado Hernández, R

2011-01-01

58

Long-term follow-up in infantile-onset lambert-eaton myasthenic syndrome.  

PubMed

Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome is a neuromuscular junction disorder characterized by proximal limb muscle weakness, fatigability, decreased deep-tendon reflexes, and autonomic symptoms. There are 2 forms of Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome: one most frequently associated with small-cell lung cancer (P-Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome) and the other that is a pure autoimmune form (NP-Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome). Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome is a very rare disorder in children younger than age 12 years. Herein, we report a 25-year-old man with NP-Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome, which onset was at the age of 10 years. To date, this is the most long-term follow-up of NP-Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome in childhood. In our patient, the only symptomatic treatment with 3,4-diaminopyridine phosphate has been sufficient to guarantee him a good quality of life. Our data remind physicians to keep in mind the diagnosis of Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome in children with a proximal myopathic pattern and they confirm the specificity of compound muscle action potential incremental pattern after brief maximal effort in Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome. PMID:24114606

Portaro, S; Parisi, D; Polizzi, A; Ruggieri, M; Andreetta, F; Bernasconi, P; Toscano, A; Rodolico, C

2014-09-01

59

Congenital "self-healing" Langerhans cell histiocytosis: the need for long-term follow-up.  

PubMed

Congenital self-healing Langerhans cell histiocytosis (CSHLCH) is a rare disorder initially seen at birth or in the newborn period with spontaneously involuting skin lesions. In contrast to other forms of Langerhans cell histiocytosis in infancy, such as Letterer-Siwe disease, the prognosis of CSHLCH is generally good. We describe four children with widespread CSHLCH at birth. In all patients a congenital infection was initially suspected. All patients, except one who had transient lower extremity edema and pulmonary symptoms, had an uncomplicated neonatal course, and in all patients skin lesions resolved spontaneously. Two patients showed no further evidence of disease, but one had a cutaneous relapse at age 3 months, and in another a bony relapse that required systemic therapy developed at 6 months of age. CSHLCH is usually a benign, self-limited condition, but careful evaluation for systemic disease must be performed. Long-term follow-up for evidence of relapse or progression of disease is essential. PMID:7962747

Longaker, M A; Frieden, I J; LeBoit, P E; Sherertz, E F

1994-11-01

60

Long-term follow-up of distal intestinal obstruction syndrome in cystic fibrosis  

PubMed Central

AIM: To investigate the long-term follow-up of distal intestinal obstruction syndrome (DIOS) in Israeli cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. METHODS: This is a multi-center, comparative, retrospective study in which we reviewed the medical records of all CF patients from three major CF centers in Israel who were treated in the period from 1980 to 2012. Patients diagnosed with DIOS were defined as the study group. The patients were diagnosed with DIOS based on their clinical presentation and typical findings on either abdominal X-ray or computerized tomography scan. For the control group, CF patients with no DIOS were matched to the patients in the study group for age, sex, and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) mutations. For both groups, the collected data included age, sex, CFTR genotype, weight, height, and body mass index. Clinical data included respiratory function tests in the last five years prior to the study, respiratory function test immediately before and after the DIOS event, number of hospitalizations, sputum culture results, and CF-related conditions diagnosed according to the CF clinical practice guidelines. In the study group, data on the DIOS treatment and tendency for DIOS recurrence were also analyzed. RESULTS: The medical charts for a total of 350 CF patients were reviewed. Of the 350 CF patients, 26 (7.4%) were diagnosed with DIOS. The control group included 31 CF patients with no DIOS diagnosis. The mean follow-up period was 21.6 ± 8.2 years. The total of DIOS episodes in the follow-up period was 60. The distribution of DIOS episodes was as follows: 6/26 (23.1%) study patients had one episode of DIOS in their lifetime, 7/26 (26.9%) had two episodes, 7/26 (26.9%) had three episodes, and 6/26 (23.1%) had four or more episodes. Compared to the control group, DIOS patients had a significantly higher incidence of meconium ileus in the past (65.4% vs 0%, respectively, P < 0.02), more Aspergillus spp. colonization (34.6% vs 3.2%, respectively, P < 0.02), and a higher number of hospitalizations due to respiratory exacerbations (8.6 vs 6.2 mean total hospitalizations per follow-up period, respectively, P < 0.02). No other significant differences were found between the control and study groups. The conservative treatment of DIOS, which mainly includes hydration and stool softeners, was successful in 82% of the episodes. The survival rate was similar for both groups. CONCLUSION: CF patients with DIOS suffer from recurrent hospitalizations and airway pathogen acquisition. Although recurrence of DIOS is common, conservative treatment is successful in most patients. PMID:25574107

Lavie, Moran; Manovitz, Tzipora; Vilozni, Daphna; Levy-Mendelovich, Sarina; Sarouk, Ifat; Weintraubv, Ilana; Shoseyov, David; Cohen-Cymberknoh, Malena; Rivlin, Joseph; Efrati, Ori

2015-01-01

61

Long-Term Follow-Up After Endovascular Treatment of Acute Aortic Emergencies  

SciTech Connect

Purpose. To investigate the long-term outcome and efficacy of emergency treatment of acute aortic diseases with endovascular stent-grafts. Methods. From September 1995 to April 2007, 37 patients (21 men, 16 women; age 53.9 {+-} 19.2 years, range 18-85 years) with acute complications of diseases of the descending thoracic aorta were treated by endovascular stent-grafts: traumatic aortic ruptures (n = 9), aortobronchial fistulas due to penetrating ulcer or hematothorax (n = 6), acute type B dissections with aortic wall hematoma, penetration, or ischemia (n = 13), and symptomatic aneurysm of the thoracic aorta (n = 9) with pain, penetration, or rupture. Diagnosis was confirmed by contrast-enhanced CT. Multiplanar reformations were used for measurement of the landing zones of the stent-grafts. Stent-grafts were inserted via femoral or iliac cut-down. Two procedures required aortofemoral bypass grafting prior to stent-grafting due to extensive arteriosclerotic stenosis of the iliac arteries. In this case the bypass graft was used for introduction of the stent-graft. Results. A total of 46 stent-grafts were implanted: Vanguard/Stentor (n = 4), Talent (n = 31), and Valiant (n = 11). Stent-graft extension was necessary in 7 cases. In 3 cases primary graft extension was done during the initial procedure (in 1 case due to distal migration of the graft during stent release, in 2 cases due to the total length of the aortic aneurysm). In 4 cases secondary graft extensions were performed-for new aortic ulcers at the proximal stent struts (after 5 days) and distal to the graft (after 8 months) and recurrent aortobronchial fistulas 5 months and 9 years after the initial procedure-resulting in a total of 41 endovascular procedures. The 30-day mortality rate was 8% (3 of 37) and the overall follow-up was 29.9 {+-} 36.6 months (range 0-139 months). All patients with traumatic ruptures demonstrated an immediate sealing of bleeding. Patients with aortobronchial fistulas also demonstrated a satisfactory follow-up despite the necessity for reintervention and graft extension in 3 of 6 cases (50%). Two patients with type B dissection died due to mesenteric ischemia despite sufficient mesenteric blood flow being restored (but too late). Two suffered from neurologic complications, 1 from paraplegia and 1 from cerebral ischemia (probably embolic), 1 from penetrating ulcer, and 1 from persistent ischemia of the kidney. Five of 9 (56%) patients with symptomatic thoracic aneurysm demonstrated endoleaks during follow-up and there was an increase in the aneurysm in 1. Conclusion. Endovascular treatment is safe and effective for emergency treatment of life-threatening acute thoracic aortic syndromes. Results are encouraging, particularly for traumatic aortic ruptures. However, regular follow-up is mandatory, particularly in the other pathologies, to identify late complications of the stent-graft and to perform appropriate additional corrections as required.

Pitton, M. B., E-mail: pitton@radiologie.klinik.uni-mainz.de; Herber, S. [University Hospital of Mainz, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Schmiedt, W.; Neufang, A.; Dorweiler, B. [University Hospital of Mainz, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery (Germany); Dueber, C. [University Hospital of Mainz, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany)

2008-01-15

62

[Long-term follow-up of women treated with contraceptive implants of levonorgestrel Norplant].  

PubMed

This report describe the long-term follow-up of 376 women who received Norplant implants in the period october 1974 through may 1979. One-hundred-and-ten subjects received replacement implants after variable lengths of use of the first set. The average levonorgestrel plasma levels declined steadily through eight years of use of Norplant capsules (r = -937). Values were 0.35 ng/ml, 0.29 ng/ml and 0.22 ng/ml at treatment years 1, 5 and 8, respectively. Levonorgestrel plasma levels after replacement with a second set of implants were similar to those observed after the first insertion, either when placed in the same site as the first set or in a different area. The levonorgestrel half-life after implant removal was 42 +/- 16 h (X +/- S.E.) and only trace amounts are detected after 96 h. Nineteen pregnancies occurred during 18,530 woman-months of use of the first set of implants, eleven of them during years 6 through 8 of treatment. The Pearl Index for the first years of Norplant implants use was 0.63. No pregnancy has occurred in 5.020 woman-months observed during treatment with a second set of capsules. Fifty-six women (14.9%) out of 376 acceptors of the first implant and 12 (10.9%) out of 110 acceptors of the replacement implants were terminated for other medical reasons, mainly side effects commonly associated with hormonal contraception. Removals for bleeding problems occurred in 5.6% and 3.6% of the acceptors of the first and second implant, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:2518764

Díaz, S; Pavez, M; Miranda, P; Quinteros, E; Croxatto, H B

1989-01-01

63

Low-Grade Gliomas in Older Patients: Long-Term Follow-Up From Mayo Clinic  

PubMed Central

Background Low-grade gliomas (LGGs) are uncommon in older patients, and long-term clinical behavior and prognostic factors are not well defined in this group. Methods We retrospectively searched our patient database for the records of adult patients (?18 years) diagnosed as having nonpilocytic LGG between 1960 and 1992 at Mayo Clinic. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate progression-free survival and overall survival (OS) in patients aged 55 years and older. Results Of 314 patients initially identified, 32 were aged at least 55 years, with a median (range) age at diagnosis of 61 (55-74) years. Median follow-up was 17.3 years for survivors. Operative pathologic diagnoses comprised astrocytoma (n=22, 69%), mixed oligoastrocytoma (n=7, 22%), and oligodendroglioma (n=3, 9%). Gross total resection was achieved in 1 patient, radical subtotal resection in 1, and subtotal resection in 14; 16 patients had biopsy only. Postoperative radiotherapy or chemotherapy was given to 23 patients (72%) and 1 patient (3%), respectively. Median OS was 2.7 years for all patients—3 years with resection and 2.2 years with biopsy only (P=.58). The 5- and 10-year OS rates were 31% and 18%, respectively. Factors adversely affecting OS on univariate analysis were enhancement on computed tomography (P<.001) and supratentorial location (P=.03). Conclusions This retrospective series of older patients suggests that intracranial LGG in this age group behaves aggressively. Pathologic sampling error failing to recognize higher-grade tumors does not seem to account for these poor outcomes. Aggressive management with maximally safe resection followed by adjuvant therapy should be strongly considered. PMID:19536875

Schomas, David A.; Laack, Nadia N.; Buckner, Jan C.; Brown, Paul D.

2009-01-01

64

Clinical outcome in cranioplasty: critical review in long-term follow-up.  

PubMed

Various materials have been proposed for cranial reconstruction. Bone autograft and alloplasts such as polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) and hydroxyapatite (HA) cement are most commonly used at the present time. Patients submitted for cranioplasty were evaluated. The prognostic factors influencing the results and the outcome were analyzed. Three hundred twelve patients who had 449 procedures performed by a single surgeon to reconstruct a calvarial deformity between 1981 and 2001 were studied. Post-tumor resection deformity was the main reason for cranioplasty (32.4%). Bone graft was the material of choice (69.5%). The main surgical site was the frontal bone (53.2%). Complications were observed in 23.6% of cases and were responsible for the least satisfactory results (P > 0.001), with infection and material exposure being the most critical complications. The eventual outcome was considered good in 91.8% of cases. The use of HA cement was associated with the worst results (P > 0.001). Bone grafts showed a high grade of partial resorption and required further surgery for correction. Multiple surgical procedures were correlated with a high rate of complications and an unsatisfactory outcome. Bone graft and PMMA are still the best materials in calvarial reconstruction. Even though HA cement is an osteoconductive material, it seems to induce what appears to be an immunoguided delayed inflammatory reaction that leads to thinning of the skin and exposure of the material, making secondary repair difficult. Before deciding which reconstructive option to use, a careful evaluation of the patient in terms of diagnosis, number of previous surgeries, and surgical site should be undertaken. If this is adopted, good results and a satisfactory outcome can be achieved on long-term follow-up. PMID:12621283

Moreira-Gonzalez, Andrea; Jackson, Ian T; Miyawaki, Takeshi; Barakat, Khaled; DiNick, Vincent

2003-03-01

65

Efficacy of adjuvant CYVADIC chemotherapy in early-stage uterine sarcomas: results of long-term follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Odunsi K, Moneke V, Tammela J, Ghamande S, Seago P, Driscoll D, Marchetti D, Baker T, Lele S. Efficacy of adjuvant CYVADIC chemotherapy in early-stage uterine sarcomas: results of long-term follow-up. Int J Gynecol Cancer 2004;14:659—664. Data on adjuvant chemotherapy in early-stage uterine sarcomas are conflicting and most often based on small patient groups with relatively short duration of follow-up.

K. Odunsi; V. Moneke; J. Tammela; S. Ghamande; P. Seago; D. Driscoll; D. Marchetti; T. Baker; S. Lele

2004-01-01

66

Intrathecal baclofen administration for control of severe spinal spasticity: Functional improvement and long-term follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To assess long-term efficacy and functonal benefits of intrathecal baclofen for severe spinal spasticity.Desing: A prospective before-after trial.Setting: A neurological rehabilitation department of a university hospital. Pump implantation was reaized in neursorgery; follow-up was carried out mostly on an outpatient basis.Patients: Eighteen patients were severe and disabling spinal spasticity received intrathecal baclofen by an implantable pump; average follow-up was

Philippie Azouvi; Michèle Mane; Jean-Baptiste Thiebaut; Pierre Denys; Oivier Remy-Neris; Bernard Bussel

1996-01-01

67

Long-Term Follow-Up Study of Legal Tech Graduates, 1984-1988. Volume XVIII, No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to provide information for the 1989-90 program review at William Rainey Harper College (WRHC) and to fulfill American Bar Association accreditation guidelines, a long-term, follow-up study was conducted of all Legal Tech program alumni who graduated between 1984 and 1988. A telephone survey generated usable responses from 106 (73%) of the…

Lucas, John A.; Hildebrandt, Sharrie

68

Young and midlife stroke survivors' experiences with the health services and long-term follow-up needs.  

PubMed

The aim of this qualitative study was to explore young and midlife stroke survivors' experiences with the health services and to identify long-term follow-up needs. Sixteen participants from two cohorts were interviewed in-depth. The interviews were analyzed applying a hermeneutic-phenomenological analysis. The participants struggled to gain access to follow-up health services. They felt that whether they were systematically followed up was more coincidental than planned. Young and midlife stroke survivors thus appear vulnerable to falling outside the follow-up system. Those participants who received some follow-up care perceived it as untailored to their specific needs. To be considered supportive, the follow-up programs must be in line with their long-term needs, take into account their particular challenges as young and midlife stroke survivors, and be planned in close collaboration with the individual patient. To secure systematic and follow-up health services tailored to the individual, knowledgeable and committed healthcare professionals should play a prominent role within the community health services. PMID:25565592

Martinsen, Randi; Kirkevold, Marit; Sveen, Unni

2015-02-01

69

Stability and relapse after orthodontic treatment of deep bite cases-a long-term follow-up study.  

PubMed

The purpose of this long-term follow-up study was twofold-firstly, to assess prevalence of relapse after treatment of deep bite malocclusion and secondly, to identify risk factors that predispose patients with deep bite malocclusion to relapse. Sixty-one former patients with overbite more than 50% incisor overlap before treatment were successfully recalled. Clinical data, morphometrical measurements on plaster casts before treatment, after treatment and at long-term follow-up, as well as cephalometric measurements before and after treatment were collected. The median follow-up period was 11.9 years. Patients were treated by various treatment modalities, and the majority of patients received at least a lower fixed retainer and an upper removable bite plate during retention. Relapse was defined as increase in incisor overlap from below 50% after treatment to equal or more than 50% incisor overlap at long-term follow-up. Ten per cent of the patients showed relapse to equal or larger than 50% incisor overlap, and their amount of overbite increase was low. Among all cases with deep bite at follow-up, gingival contact and palatal impingement were more prevalent in partially corrected noncompliant cases than in relapse cases. In this sample, prevalence and amount of relapse were too low to identify risk factors of relapse. PMID:23197574

Danz, J C; Greuter, C; Sifakakis, I; Fayed, M; Pandis, N; Katsaros, C

2014-10-01

70

Long-term Follow-up Provides New Insights on Adjuvant Therapy for Lung Cancer  

Cancer.gov

Longer-term follow-up reports from two large, randomized clinical trials of chemotherapy delivered after surgery in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have yielded disparate results on the value of such treatment.

71

Long-term follow-up results of postoperative radiation therapy for Cushing’s disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives  Radiotherapy is currently used in patients with residual or recurrent pituitary adenomas after surgery. However, there is\\u000a little information of long-term outcome of patients with Cushing’s disease following radiotherapy. We assessed the long-term\\u000a efficacy and toxicity of conventional radiotherapy in the control of Cushing’s disease after unsuccessful transsphenoidal\\u000a surgery.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Patients and Methods  Forty patients with Cushing’s disease were treated with conventional

Giuseppe Minniti; Mattia Osti; Marie Lise Jaffrain-Rea; Vincenzo Esposito; Giampaolo Cantore; Riccardo Maurizi Enrici

2007-01-01

72

Long term outcome of unilateral pallidotomy: follow up of 15 patients for 3 years  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVESWith the advent of new antiparkinsonian drug therapy and promising results from subthalamic and pallidal stimulation, this study evaluated the long term efficacy of unilateral pallidotomy, a technique which has gained popularity over the past decade for the management of advanced Parkinson's disease.METHODSThe 15 patients reported here are part of the original cohort of 24 patients who underwent posteroventral pallidotomy

P K Pal; A Samii; A Kishore; M Schulzer; E Mak; S Yardley; I M Turnbull; D B Calne

2000-01-01

73

Histologic Long-term Follow-up after Embolization with Polyvinyl Alcohol Particles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: A large facial vascular malformation was embolized with polyvinyl alcohol particles twice in 8 years. Resected tissue enabled long-term examination of this material, confirming its chemical inertness and revealing minimal tissue reaction to it apart from calcification. No particle migration, fragmentation, or absorption occurred. There was some recanalization of occluded vessels. Most vessels containing polyvinyl alcohol particles, and all

George S. Davidson; Karel G. Terbrugge

74

Long-term follow-ups of revascularized immature necrotic teeth: three case reports  

PubMed Central

Revascularization of immature necrotic teeth is a reliable treatment alternative to conventional apexogenesis or apexification. In case 1, a 12-year-old boy had his necrotic, immature mandibular left second premolar treated with a revascularization technique. At a 24-month follow-up, periapical radiolucency had disappeared and thickening of the root wall was observed. In cases 2 and 3, a 10-year-old boy had his necrotic, immature, bilateral mandibular second premolars treated with the same modality. At 48-month (in case 2) and 42-month (in case 3) follow-ups, loss of periapical radiolucencies and increases in the root wall thickness were also observed. PMID:22627612

Kim, Duck-Su; Park, Hae-Jin; Yeom, Je-Ha; Seo, Ji-Sung; Ryu, Gil-Joo; Park, Ki-Ho; Shin, Seung-Il; Kim, Sun-Young

2012-01-01

75

Near-total intestinal aganglionosis: Long-term follow-up of a morbid condition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The aim of this study was to understand the long-term outcome of near-total intestinal aganglionosis (NTIA). Methods: The study was an institutional review of all patients with NTIA between 1974 and 1999, inclusive. Seven full-term babies were identified (4 boys, 3 girls). Mean birth weight was 3.2 kg (range, 2.7 to 4.1). Patients included 1 pair of siblings and

M. L Saxton; S. H Ein; J Hoehner; P. C. W Kim

2000-01-01

76

Sexuality after Delivery with Episiotomy: A Long-Term Follow-Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: To investigate the quality of women’s sex life 12–18 months after first, episiotomy-assisted childbirth and risk factors for long-term dyspareunia after childbirth. Methods: Two hundred and six women who gave birth vaginally at the Karolinska University Hospital between September 1997 and February 1998 and from June 1998 to January 1999 received postal questionnaires at 12–18 months postpartum. Obstetrical, psychological

Hanna Ejegård; Elsa Lena Ryding; Berit Sjögren

2008-01-01

77

Long-term follow up of renal function in IgA nephropathy.  

PubMed Central

Fifty one children with IgA nephropathy verified at biopsy have been followed up clinically and functionally for 0.4-16.8 years from the onset of symptoms. Renal function was evaluated by determining the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and effective renal plasma flow (ERPF) from the clearances of inulin and para-aminohippuric acid. Fifteen (29%) of the children had raised serum creatinine concentrations at the onset. Mean GFR was significantly lower than that of controls at the first investigation. During the follow up GFR and ERPF decreased and were significantly lower than in the controls after eight years of disease. The significant fall in renal function was found in children with proteinuria and especially in boys, in whom GFR and ERPF decreased from a mean (SEM) of 117 (5) and 616 (31) at 2.8 years to 97 (6) and 509 (36) ml/min/1.73 m2 at 7.5 years. Patients with raised serum creatinine concentrations at the onset had significantly lower GFRs, and patients with macroscopic haematuria at this time did not show decreased renal function at follow up. In conclusion, children with IgA nephropathy do not seem to have a benign clinical course. Boys with proteinuria show a significant decrease in renal function during follow up. PMID:2039247

Berg, U B

1991-01-01

78

CLINTON, NEW JERSEY, RADON MITIGATION FOLLOW-UP AND LONG-TERM MONITORING  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of a follow-up of the 1986 demonstration of radon reduction techniques in 10 houses in Clinton, New Jersey. Initial radon levels in the 10 houses ranged from 400 to 2200 pCi/1. Radon reductions of more than 95% were achieved by using a variety of subslab ...

79

A review of long-term follow-up for survivors of childhood cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though cure from cancer is not guaranteed, children’s chances of survival have increased significantly. As a result the paediatric oncology community is focused on providing appropriate follow-up care to an increasing number of young cancer survivors. How this care should be designed and delivered however remains the centre of ongoing discussion and was the focus of this review. The aims

Helen Aslett; Gill Levitt; Alison Richardson; Faith Gibson

2007-01-01

80

Functional Outcomes and Long-term Durability of Artificial Urinary Sphincter Application: Review of 56 Patients With Long-term Follow-up  

PubMed Central

Purpose To evaluate the long-term outcomes of artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) implantation and to report the complication rates, including mechanical failure, erosion, and infection. Materials and Methods From June 1990 to May 2011, AUS (AMS 800) implantations were performed in 56 adult males by one surgeon. Various demographic and preoperative variables, surgical variables, and postoperative outcomes, including success and complication rates with a median follow-up of 96 months, were recorded retrospectively. Results The mean age of the patients at the time of AUS implantation was 61.8 (±14.2) years. During the follow-up period, the total complication rate was 41.1% (23 patients). The incidence of complications was significantly lower during the follow-up period after 48 months (p<0.05). Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that 5- and 10-year failure-free rates were 50.3% and 45.2%, respectively. Conclusions Long-term durability and functional outcomes are achievable for the AMS 800, but there are appreciable complication rates for erosion, mechanical failure, and infection of up to 30%. PMID:23789045

Gülp?nar, Ömer; Süer, Evren; Halilo?lu, Ahmet Hakan; Öztürk, Erdem; Ar?kan, Nihat

2013-01-01

81

Quality of life of patients operated on for lumbar stenosis: a long-term follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  \\u000a Background. We evaluated a sample of 28 patients surgically treated for lumbar stenosis (LS) four years after the first evaluation (length\\u000a of the first follow-up mean 44.6 months, range 15–88) in order to evaluate the long-term follow-up of Quality of Life (QoL)\\u000a after surgical treatment as LS may greatly impair the patients’ QoL. We previously assessed QoL in 30

L. Padua; P. Caliandro; R. Padua; V. Prezioso; A. G. Aulisa; G. Mastantuoni; C. Pazzaglia; L. Aulisa

2007-01-01

82

Long-term follow-up of children conceived through assisted reproductive technology*  

PubMed Central

Children conceived via assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are nowadays a substantial proportion of the population. It is important to follow up these children and evaluate whether they have elevated health risks compared to naturally conceived (NC) children. In recent years there has been a lot of work in this field. This review will summarize what is known about the health of ART-conceived children, encompassing neonatal outcomes, birth defects, growth and gonadal developments, physical health, neurological and neurodevelopmental outcomes, psychosocial developments, risk for cancer, and epigenetic abnormalities. Most of the children conceived after ART are normal. However, there is increasing evidence that ART-conceived children are at higher risk of poor perinatal outcome, birth defects, and epigenetic disorders, and the mechanism(s) leading to these changes have not been elucidated. Continuous follow-up of children after ART is of great importance as they progress through adolescence into adulthood, and new ART techniques are constantly being introduced. PMID:23645173

Lu, Yue-hong; Wang, Ning; Jin, Fan

2013-01-01

83

Long-term follow-up of 62 patients with myositis.  

PubMed

The aim of this work is to evaluate disease-related mortality and the course of the disease including functional outcome and quality of life. We did a follow-up study on a large prospective cohort of 62 patients with subacute-onset idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM) (dermatomyositis (n = 24), nonspecific myositis (n = 34), necrotizing autoimmune myopathy (n = 4)) after treatment with corticosteroids only (randomized controlled trial comparing daily high-dosage prednisone with pulse therapy of dexamethasone). Development of connective tissue disease (CTD) or malignancy, disease course and mortality, functional outcome and quality of life were evaluated. After a mean follow-up of 3 years (SD 1.5), 22 % had developed a CTD and 17 % a malignancy. Disease-related mortality was 15 %. A monophasic disease course was found in 27 %. Most patients had a chronic (35 %) or polyphasic disease (35 %) course and experienced single or multiple relapses. Sixteen patients (33 %) were off medication after a mean of 1 year of treatment. Disability scores improved particularly in the first 18 months. At follow-up, 68 % still perceived disabilities. Quality of life scores as measured by the short-form (SF)-36 improved in the first 18 months. After 18 months, scores remained stable during the next years of follow-up and remained low compared to a normal population. (1) Two-thirds of the patients with an IIM have a polyphasic or chronic disease course and need maintenance treatment. (2) The impact on functional outcome and quality of life is considerable and does not improve further after 18 months. PMID:24658663

van de Vlekkert, Janneke; Hoogendijk, Jessica E; de Visser, Marianne

2014-05-01

84

In utero exposure to antiretroviral therapy: feasibility of long-term follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most uninfected children born to diagnosed HIV-infected women in the United Kingdom (UK) are exposed to antiretroviral therapy (ART) in utero and neonatally, and concerns exist about potential adverse effects of such exposure. We explored the feasibility of using national clinic-based follow-up to investigate the association between ART exposure and adverse health events occurring after the neonatal period. Active surveillance

Claire Hankin; Hermione Lyall; Barbara Willey; Catherine Peckham; Janet Masters; Pat Tookey

2009-01-01

85

Long-term follow-up of toluene diisocyanate-induced asthma.  

PubMed

Eighty-seven cases of occupational asthma induced by toluene diisocyanate (TDI) were diagnosed by an inhalation challenge with TDI and methacholine. After an average follow-up interval of 11 yrs, all subjects were re-examined. Of the 87 subjects examined, 13 (15%) had remained in the same job, 44 (50.5%) had been removed from exposure for <10 yrs and 30 (34.5%) had been removed for >10 yrs. The proportion of subjects who experienced symptoms of asthma and those who were hyperresponsive to methacholine was significantly lower. Of the patients, 59% used short-acting bronchodilators, 8% long-acting bronchodilators and 18% were on regular inhaled glucocorticoids. Thus, multiple regression analysis showed a positive correlation between forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) at follow-up and FVC and FEV1 at diagnosis, and a negative correlation with smoking and with therapy with bronchodilators. Stepwise logistic regression showed that the follow-up provocative dose causing a 20% fall in the FEV1 (PD20) could be predicted from baseline PD20. These results indicate that respiratory symptoms and airway hyperresponsiveness to methacholine persist in subjects removed from exposure to TDI for >10 yrs. A more favourable prognosis was associated with a better lung function and a lower degree of airway hyperresponsiveness to methacholine at diagnosis. PMID:12762349

Padoan, M; Pozzato, V; Simoni, M; Zedda, L; Milan, G; Bononi, I; Piola, C; Maestrelli, P; Boschetto, P; Mapp, C E

2003-04-01

86

[Mitral valve replacement in young children: a long-term follow-up].  

PubMed

The Authors report follow-up data (mean 60, range 13-101 months) from 4 patients under two years of age (mean 11.5 months) operated on for prosthetic mitral valve implantation. Two patients were male and two female. Pre-operative diagnosis was partial atrioventricular septal defect with parachute mitral valve in one case and isolated mitral valve anomaly in the others (1 parachute, 2 hammock valves). One bioprosthesis (Liotta n. 23) and three mechanical prostheses (Björk-Shiley) were implanted. Complications occurred in two patients: one case of endocarditis on the bioprosthesis, leading to substitution with a Björk-Shiley valve; one case of acute thrombosis 8 months after implantation in the only pt receiving aspirin as prophylactic therapy. This complication was resolved by intravenous thrombolytic agents. All the patients are alive, in I NYHA functional class and receiving oral anti-coagulants. Instrumental follow-up with eco-Doppler demonstrated normal functioning prostheses in all the patients. A sub-aortic gradient was found in the patient with partial atrioventricular septal defect. Prosthesis-patient mismatch was identified in a patient operated on when she was 6 months old who was followed-up for 5 years. PMID:2328855

Grillo, R; Rubino, A; Pipitone, S; Pieri, D; Donzelli, M; Patanè, L; Sperandeo, V

1990-01-01

87

[Importance of long-term follow-up of diabetes insipidus; from lymphocytic hypophysitis to germinoma].  

PubMed

A case is presented of a 10-year old boy who had a hypothalamic-pituitary axis disorder. He initially presented with diabetes insipidus that progressed to panhypopituitarism. A hidden hypothalamic lesion should be suspected in all these cases, and should be followed up. New lesions were found in the pituitary stem three years later. Although tumor markers were negative, there was an increase in size, and a biopsy was performed. The histopathology reported a Lymphocytic Hypophysitis. There were increases in the tumor markers during the follow-up, thus a second biopsy was performed, with the diagnosis of Germinoma. Lymphocytic Hypophysitis is an uncommon diagnosis in children. Few cases have been reported, and in some cases, they were later diagnosed with Germinoma. We believe this case highlights the importance of the follow-up of children with Central Diabetes Insipidus with a normal MRI, as well as not taking the diagnosis of Lymphocytic Hypophysitis/lymphocytic Infundibular neurohypophysitis as definitive, as it is a rare diagnosis at this age, and could mask a Germinoma, as recorded in some cases. PMID:24630998

Amat Madramany, A; Gastaldo Simeón, E; Revert Ventura, A; Escobar Hoyos, L A; Riesgo Suárez, P

2015-01-01

88

Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia III: long-term follow-up after cold-knife conization with involved margins  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the long-term outcome of patients with severe cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) III or squamous carcinoma in situ after cold-knife conization with involved margins.METHODS:A total of 390 patients (median age 39 years, range 20–69) with positive margins after cold-knife conization for CIN III were followed expectantly for a mean of 19 (range 6–30) years. Follow-up consisted of colposcopy, cytology,

Olaf Reich; Manfred Lahousen; Hellmuth Pickel; Karl Tamussino; Raimund Winter

2002-01-01

89

Long-term follow-up of video-assisted talc pleurodesis in malignant recurrent pleural effusions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Recurrent pleural effusion is a common condition and often presents a challenge for treatment. The aim of this report is to evaluate the long-term follow-up of thoracoscopic management of malignant recurrent pleural effusions. Methods: From July 1st, 1992 to February 28th, 2001, out of 2311 VATS procedures performed at our Institution, 690 patients (29.85%) underwent videothoracoscopy (VATS) for recurrent

G. Cardillo; F. Facciolo; L. Carbone; M. Regal; F. Corzani; A. Ricci; M. Di Martino; M. Martelli

2002-01-01

90

Long-Term Follow-Up of GH-Treated Girls with Turner Syndrome: BMI, Blood Pressure, Body Proportions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: To investigate whether long-term growth hormone (GH) treatment influenced blood pressure (BP), body proportions and BMI in young Turner syndrome (TS) women several years after GH discontinuation. Methods: A follow-up study of a randomized GH dose-response trial with 3 GH dosages (1.3, 2.0, and 2.7 mg\\/m2\\/day). 39 TS patients (20.0 ± 2.1 years) participated 4.8 (1.9) years after GH

Ellen M. N. Bannink; Roel L. F. van der Palen; Paul G. H. Mulder; Sabine M. P. F. de Muinck Keizer-Schrama

2009-01-01

91

Long-Term Weight Development in Women: A 15Year Follow-up of the Effects of Pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate how well prepregnancy BMI, gestational weight gain, and postpartum weight retention predict retention of weight 15 years later among parous women.Research Methods and Procedures: The Stockholm Pregnancy and Women’s Nutrition (SPAWN) study is a long-term follow-up study of women who delivered children in 1984 to 1985 (n = 2342). The participants

Yvonne Linné; Louise Dye; Britta Barkeling; Stephan Rössner

2004-01-01

92

Spinal cord lesions in patients with neuromyelitis optica: a retrospective long-term MRI follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is characterised by a particular pattern of the optic nerves and the spinal cord. Long-term MRI\\u000a follow-up studies of spinal NMO lesions are rare, or limited by short observation periods. In nine patients with definite\\u000a NMO or recurrent longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) with NMO-IgG serum antibodies, repeated MRI examinations\\u000a of the spine were carried out over

Wolfgang Krampla; Fahmy Aboul-Enein; Julia Jecel; Wilfried Lang; Elisabeth Fertl; Walter Hruby; Wolfgang Kristoferitsch

2009-01-01

93

Suprasellar Meningiomas – Neurological and Visual Outcome at Long Term Follow-up in a Homogeneous Series of Patients Treated Microsurgically  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  ?Most of the previously published surgical series of suprasellar meningiomas have two disadvantages: (1) patients involved\\u000a were treated within a relatively long time period, making analysis more difficult, (2) radiographic long term follow-up examinations\\u000a with either CT- or MRI-scans were not performed. Both disadvantages were overcome in our retrospective clinical study, consisting\\u000a of 50 consecutive patients with suprasellar meningiomas treated

M. J. A. Puchner; R. C. M. Fischer-Lampsatis; H.-D. Herrmann; N. Freckmann

1998-01-01

94

Long-term effects of bilateral subthalamic nucleus stimulation in advanced Parkinson disease: a four year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we aimed to investigate the effects of bilateral STN HFS in patients with advanced Parkinson disease (PD) at long-term, with a minimum follow-up of 4 years. Twenty patients (15 men, five women) were included, with a mean age of 60.9±8.1 years. Surgery was performed under local anesthesia. The target was defined on computerized tomography (CT). At 3

Veerle Visser-Vandewalle; Chris van der Linden; Yasin Temel; Halime Celik; Linda Ackermans; Geert Spincemaille; Jacques Caemaert

2005-01-01

95

Interactions Among DUI Offender Characteristics and Traditional Intervention Modalities: a long-term recidivism follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Using long-term DUI (Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol) arrest recidivism data from a controlled study of DUI intervention effectiveness, interactions among DUI interventions, age, race, education, and alcohol severity were estimated using logit analysis. Data were collected in a 9-year follow-up study of the Mississippi DUI Probation Project. The effects of short-term interventions (alcohol education schools for low

ELISABETH WELLS-PARKER; BRADLEY J. ANDERSON; DAVID L. McMILLEN; JAMES W. LANDRUM

1989-01-01

96

Relationship between impairments, disability and handicap in reflex sympathetic dystrophy patients: a long-term follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the relationship between impairments, disability and handicap in reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) patients.Design: A long-term follow-up study of upper extremity RSD patients.Setting: A university hospital.Subjects: Sixty-five patients, 3–9 years (mean interval 5.5 years) after RSD of the upper extremity (mean age 50.2 years).Main outcome measures: Impairments: range of motion, moving two point discrimination, muscle strength of the

Jan Hb Geertzen; Pieter U Dijkstra; Eric Lp van Sonderen; Johan W Groothoff; Henk Jan ten Duis; Willem H Eisma

1998-01-01

97

[The long-term follow-up of patients with a congenital diaphragmatic hernia: review of the literature].  

PubMed

The increased survival rate reached in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) has shown a concomitant increase in late morbidity. Many complications including pulmonary damage, cardiovascular disease, gastro-intestinal disease, failure to thrive, neurocognitive defects and musculoskeletal abnormalities have been described. Long-term pulmonary morbidity in CDH consists of obstructive and restrictive lung function impairments due to altered lung structure and prolonged ventilatory support. Long-term consequences of pulmonary hypertension are unknown. Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) is also an important contributor to overall morbidity. Failure to thrive may be caused by GERD, insufficient intake due to oral aversion and increased caloric requirements due to pulmonary morbidity. Neurological outcome is determined by an increased risk of perinatal and neonatal hypoxemia in the first days of life of CDH patients. Many studies have addressed the substantial impact of the health problems described above, on the overall well-being of CDH patients, but only a few studies focus on the health-related quality of life. Considering the scattered data indicating substantial morbidity in long-term survivors of CDH, follow-up studies that systematically assess long-term sequelae are needed. Based on such studies, a more focused approach for routine multidisciplinary follow-up programs could be established. It is the goal of the French Collaborative Network to promote exchange of knowledge, future research and development of treatment protocols. PMID:23992832

Pennaforte, T; Rakza, T; Fily, A; Mur, S; Diouta, L; Sfeir, R; Aubry, E; Bonnevalle, M; Storme, L

2013-09-01

98

Arthroscopic partial meniscectomy: a 12-year follow-up and two-step evaluation of the long-term course.  

PubMed

The long-term results after arthroscopic partial meniscectomy of 119 patients with a mean follow-up of 12 years are presented in this study. The same series of patients had an earlier follow-up 4 years postoperatively. Thus, an evaluation of the actual long-term course and not only a single result after partial meniscectomy is presented. Arthroscopic partial meniscectomy is shown to be the definitive means of therapy for meniscal lesion of the knee joint; 91.7% of patients had an excellent or good result 4 years after surgery, and 78.1% rated excellent or good 12 years after surgery. Full recovery regarding ability to work and sports activity level was achieved in a very high percentage of patients. Early results were mostly representative and did not change significantly during the long-term course for the isolated meniscal lesion. The factor with the highest impact on long-term results was damage to the articular cartilage, which did not influence knee function for several years after surgery but became increasingly symptomatic over time after 5 years and more. Only 62% of patients with additional cartilage damage rated excellent and good 12 years after surgery, in contrast with 94.8% good and excellent results in patients with isolated meniscal tears. Similar observations were made for the untreated rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament. PMID:9531123

Schimmer, R C; Brülhart, K B; Duff, C; Glinz, W

1998-03-01

99

Total knee replacement in young, active patients. Long-term follow-up and functional outcome.  

PubMed

We reviewed our experience with total knee arthroplasties performed between 1977 and 1992 in patients who were fifty-five years old or less to determine the appropriate management for younger patients who have severe osteoarthrosis. One hundred and fourteen knee replacements were performed in eighty-eight patients who were an average of fifty-one years old (range, twenty-two to fifty-five years old). All of the operations were performed by one of the two senior ones of us (J. N. I. or W. N. S.) with the use of cementing techniques. A posterior stabilized, posterior cruciate-substituting design was used for all but one replacement, for which a semiconstrained total condylar prosthesis was used. Six knees (four patients) were lost to follow-up. Follow-up data for the remaining 108 knees (eighty-four patients) were used to perform the survivorship analysis. One hundred and three unrevised knees (eighty patients) were available for clinical evaluation with the scoring systems of The Hospital for Special Surgery and the Knee Society at an average of eight years (range, three to eighteen years) postoperatively; thirty-six knees were followed for more than ten years. In addition, the activity levels of the patients were assessed with the activity score of Tegner and Lysholm. Radiographs were examined for evidence of loosening of the component. At the latest follow-up examination, the average knee score according to the system of The Hospital for Special Surgery had improved from 55 points preoperatively to 92 points. According to the system of the Knee Society, the average knee score was 94 points and the average functional score was 89 points. The result for all 103 knees was good or excellent according to the knee scores of The Hospital for Special Surgery and the Knee Society. Ninety-seven knees (94 per cent) had good or excellent function according to the functional score of the Knee Society. The average activity score of Tegner and, Lysholm improved from 1.3 points (range, 0 to 4 points) preoperatively to 3.5 points (range, 1 to 6 points) at the latest follow-up examination. All but two patients had improvement in the activity score postoperatively, and nineteen (24 per cent) of the eighty patients had an activity score of at least 5 points, indicating regular participation in activities such as tennis, skiing, bicycling, or strenuous farm or construction work. Nine (9 per cent) of the 103 knees had non-progressive tibial radiolucent lines. Two patients had a revision because of late infection, and one patient had revision of a well fixed tibial component because of wear of the polyethylene. In addition, three patellar components were revised for loosening, and one spacer was exchanged to treat instability. With failure defined as revision of either the femoral or the tibial component, the over-all rate of survival was 94 per cent at eighteen years. When the three patellar revisions were included in the failures, the survival rate was 90 per cent at eighteen years. When the exchange of the spacer was also included in the failures, the survival rate was 87 per cent at eighteen years. We consider arthroplasty with cementing of a posterior stabilized total knee prosthesis to be effective operative treatment with durable results for osteoarthrosis in younger patients when other, less invasive measures have failed. Within the average eight-year follow-up interval of this study, polyethylene wear, osteolysis, and loosening of the conforming posterior cruciate-substituting prosthesis were not major problems for these younger, active patients, although it is possible that this observation could change with an even longer duration of follow-up. PMID:9111404

Diduch, D R; Insall, J N; Scott, W N; Scuderi, G R; Font-Rodriguez, D

1997-04-01

100

The role of cryoanalgesia for chronic thoracic pain: results of a long-term follow up.  

PubMed Central

Cryoanalgesia (the use of cold to provide anesthesia or analgesia) is the oldest anesthetic and analgesic still in current clinical use. Its intraoperative use in providing postoperative analgesia for acute thoracic pain problems via an open thoracotomy is well described. The long-term efficacy of cryoanalgesia for the management of chronic thoracic pain due to intercostal neuralgia is less clear. We retrospectively examined the medical records of patients who received percutaneous cryoanalgesia following successful intercostal nerve blockade for chronic chest pain. Sixty percent of the patients (N = 43) reported significant pain relief immediately following their procedure. Three months following cryoanalgesia, 50% continued to report significant pain relief. There were no reports of neuritis or neuroma formation and only three patients had a pneumothorax. This work provides evidence that cryoanalgesia is a safe and efficacious method of providing analgesia for chronic thoracic pain due to intercostal neuralgia. PMID:12152929

Green, Carmen R.; de Rosayro, A. Michael; Tait, Alan R.

2002-01-01

101

Long-term follow-up of conical crown-retained dentures fabricated using different technologies.  

PubMed

This study presents the results of a long-term clinical evaluation of conical crown-retained dentures fabricated using different technologies. Four different material connections between the outer and inner crowns were used: cast gold/cast gold, cast gold/electroforming, nonprecious alloy/electroforming, and titanium abutment/electroforming. Technical failures and retention values were assessed. The best clinical outcome was found with dentures in which both crowns were cast from gold alloy. The most frequent technical failures were observed in restorations with electroformed outer crowns. Better clinical outcomes were noted when the electroformed outer crowns were used in dentures retained by implants as compared to dentures on natural dentition. PMID:22577653

Pietruski, Jan K; Pietruska, Malgorzata D; Sajewicz, Eugeniusz

2012-08-01

102

Parents of babies of very low birth weight: long-term follow-up.  

PubMed

On hundred and sixty babies of birth weight less than or equal to 1500 g who survived after perinatal intensive care have been followed up and observations have been made on their parents. In spite of attempts to minimize maternal separation and the distressing aspects of the birth and management of a baby of very low birth weight, an emotional crisis was observed in the mothers which was not fully resolved until the parents had been looking after the baby at home. The duration and degree of the crisis varied but the mothers who received sympathy and support from the baby's father appeared to have least difficulty. A rigid maternal personality and circumstances surrounding the birth which predisposed to feelings of failure and guilt appeared to prolong the crisis. Nevertheless, most of these parents subsequently formed satisfactory relationships with their children, although they tended to be over-protective and anxious. Failure to establish an adequate relationship was rare and occurred only among mothers with personality or psychiatric disorders. Although serious behaviour disorders among the children were rare, more children than would be expected were mildly over-dependent, shy and anxious at follow-up. PMID:1045984

Blake, A; Stewart, A; Turcan, D

1975-01-01

103

Communicating Hydrocephalus and Vestibular Schwannomas: Etiology, Treatment, and Long-Term Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

Background?Large vestibular schwannomas (VSs) can cause hydrocephalus by obstructing the fourth ventricle. Little is known about the communicating hydrocephalus that is seen with a smaller VS. Methods?The clinicopathological findings and follow up of three patients with communicating hydrocephalus associated with a small VS are presented. Results?Four patients aged 40 to 66 years (mean: 57.7) presented with ataxia, dementia, and urinary incontinence. The VS were 2.0 to 2.4 cm. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein was elevated in three patients in whom it was measured (1.7 to 6 times normal). The VS was resected in two patients. All of the patients required ventriculoperitoneal shunting (VPS). All of the patients were asymptomatic or improved at follow-up at 9 months to 13 years. Conclusion?Communicating hydrocephalus associated with a VS can occur in younger patients than was previously thought. An elevated CSF protein appears to be important, but other factors may be involved. A shunting procedure is often required to relieve the symptoms of hydrocephalus even if the tumor is resected. Possible etiological causes of communicating hydrocephalus in patients with a small VS are discussed. PMID:24436891

Al Hinai, Qasim; Zeitouni, Anthony; Sirhan, Denis; Sinclair, David; Melancon, Denis; Richardson, John; Leblanc, Richard

2013-01-01

104

Long-term follow-up study on patients with vibration-induced white finger (VWF).  

PubMed

The prognosis of vibration-induced white finger was investigated with a long follow-up period. From 1975 to 1994, 99 men with hand-arm vibration syndrome who received the annual compulsory examination at San-in Rosai Hospital were followed up for 15 years or longer. Based on the extent of finger-blanching attacks described in the medical records, they were classified according to the vascular stage of the Stockholm workshop scale. In our laboratory, finger systolic blood pressure (FSBP) measurement after finger cooling has been performed since 1989. We compared the stage classification with the results of FSBP measurement after finger cooling in the period 1989-1994. The stage 2 and stage 3 groups showed a significant decrease in FSBP% compared with the stage 0 group. The vascular stage classification based on subjective symptoms in this study was to a certain extent reliable. Although vibration-induced white finger symptoms tended to improve to some extent, 43.2% and 70.4% of patients with stage 2 and stage 3 at first examination, respectively, still suffered from finger blanching attacks after 15 years of observation. Blanching of fingers in advanced stages, especially stage 3, was found to be persistent many years after cessation of vibration exposure. PMID:12500465

Kurozawa, Youichi; Nasu, Yoshiro; Hosoda, Takenobu; Nose, Takayuki

2002-12-01

105

Dissolution of isobutyl 2-cyanoacrylate on long-term follow-up.  

PubMed

Eight patients with arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in the basal ganglionic and deep parietooccipital regions and one patient with an AVM in the shoulder region showed resorption of the isobutyl 2-cyanoacrylate cast and recanalization of the arteries after delayed follow-up angiography. All the AVMs were large, had multiple arterial pedicles, and revealed significant obliteration of the AVM immediately after embolotherapy. Although a 50-75% obliteration was achieved immediately after embolization, follow-up angiography 6-20 months later revealed almost the original status. The residual bucrylate cast was disproportionately small compared with the recanalized malformation in seven patients, while in two patients there was no evidence of bucrylate on plain films. Degradation of bucrylate probably is due to the lysosomal activity of the endothelial cells. The results from our nine patients with some degree of resorption of isobutyl 2-cyanoacrylate and six with recanalized AVMs 6-20 months after embolization suggest that operable AVMs should be excised soon after embolotherapy and inoperable AVMs should be embolized as completely as possible. PMID:2492713

Rao, V R; Mandalam, K R; Gupta, A K; Kumar, S; Joseph, S

1989-01-01

106

Long-term follow-up of gracilis muscle transposition in children.  

PubMed

Sixteen children of uncontrollable fecal incontinence have been treated with Pickrell's gracilis muscle transposition since 1983: 12 had an imperforate anuses with multiple corrective operative procedures and 4 had traumatic destructions of anal sphincters. We report a series of 11 cases whom we followed-up over a period of 0.8 to 10.5 years (mean; 5.6 years). Seven patients were evaluated by anorectal manometry. All patients except one who had left hemipelvectomy and permanent colostomy showed nearly normal continence during the follow-up period. There was no evidence of fibrosis in the transposed muscles and the tensions of the transposed muscles were well maintained. The voluntary contractions of the transposed muscles were well maintained and efficient in all cases. The general manometric parameters did not correlate well with the functional results; however, there was a strong correlation in the S/R ratio (maximum squeeze pressure/resting pressure) with the functional results. We believe that the good functional outcome of this procedure need not only the meticulous surgical technique but also the personal motivation and the compliance with physiotherapy. In conclusion, although the gracilis muscle transposition never results in normal continence, acceptable continence can be achieved in the selected patients. PMID:7483681

Han, S J; Park, H J; Kim, C B; Hwang, E H

1995-09-01

107

Lead intoxication and knee osteoarthritis after a gunshot: long-term follow-up case report.  

PubMed

This case is of a man who suffered gunshots and developed saturnism. Projectiles were removed from the abdomen, but one was left in the knee for 14 years. The patient presented with weight loss, headaches, loss of sight, tiredness, cramps, painful joints and trembling. We identified ataxic movements such as intense trembling of the limbs and anaemia. The abdominal pain caused eight internments in different hospitals, and the patient always received the diagnosis of intestinal subocclusion. We removed the bullet and did a wide synovectomy. The patient did not receive a clinical treatment with chelates. The symptoms of lead poisoning ceased, but he developed knee osteoarthritis, during the 7 years of follow-up. PMID:23813998

Gameiro, Vinicius Schott; de Araújo, Gabriel Costa Serrão; Bruno, Felipe Motta Moreira

2013-01-01

108

A case report of acute severe paraquat poisoning and long-term follow-up  

PubMed Central

In the present study, the successful management of severe paraquat (PQ) poisoning with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome is described. A 42-year-old female ingested >100 ml PQ (20% weight/volume) in an attempted suicide. After 22 h the patient was admitted to hospital with serious liver, kidney and lung damage. Comprehensive therapy that maximized poison elimination was administered, along with appropriate glucocorticoids and medication for anticoagulation and protection of the liver and kidney. The patient was successfully treated and recovered after 40 days. However, pulmonary damage was aggravated when the glucocorticoid treatment was stopped after 2 months; the lungs recovered again following systematic therapy. Subsequent to a 8-month follow-up, the patient was able to look after herself in her daily life. To the best of our knowledge, successful treatment following severe PQ poisoning is rare. PMID:24944627

YU, GUANGCAI; KAN, BAOTIAN; JIAN, XIANGDONG; WANG, JIERU; SUN, JING; SONG, CHENGZHEN

2014-01-01

109

Long-term follow-up of children with obstetric brachial plexus palsy II: neurophysiological aspects.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to examine long-term neurophysiological outcomes and sensory function in patients with obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBPP). The same 70 children/adolescents examined in part I: functional aspects (35 males, 35 females; age range 7-20y, mean 13y 6mo [SD 4y 3mo], median 13y) were examined with neurophysiological methods at 3 to 7 months and at 7 to 20 years of age. Thirteen of the 70 participants underwent nerve reconstruction before 1 year of age. Electromyography (EMG) was performed on deltoid and first interossei muscles; Quantitative Sensory Test was used for C6 and C8 dermatomes. Tests for functional sensibility and 2-point discrimination for C6 and C8 were performed. This study shows that considerable EMG changes can be observed in OBBP, even in those fully recovered. EMG changes in the deltoid were shown to deteriorate over time, and sensibility is considerably less affected than motor function. PMID:17355477

Strömbeck, Christina; Remahl, Sten; Krumlinde-Sundholm, Lena; Sejersen, Thomas

2007-03-01

110

Noncontact transscleral Nd:YAG cyclophotocoagulation: a long-term follow-up of 500 patients.  

PubMed Central

Long-term experience with transscleral cyclophotocoagulation in 500 patients suggests that this operation is the cyclodestructive procedure of choice. It offers a reasonable surgical option in the high-risk glaucoma population, which includes patients with neovascular glaucoma, glaucomas with active uveitis, glaucomas in aphakia or pseudophakia, and other cases in which filtering surgery has failed or is felt to have a low chance for success. Satisfactory intraocular pressure reduction was achieved in 62% of the patients with one treatment session. After one or more repeated procedures in 21% of the study group, the final intraocular pressure was below baseline in 94%, with a mean final reduction of 24 mm Hg, which was judged to be adequate for 87% of the patients. However, visual loss remains a significant postoperative complication, with some degree of reduced vision occurring in 39% of the study population. Patients with neovascular glaucoma had the greatest percentage of visual loss at 46%, compared with 34% and 38% for patients with glaucomas in pseudophakia and aphakia, respectively. While it is hard to know how many of these cases of visual loss were a direct result of the cyclophotocoagulation, the procedure should be used with caution in eyes with a potential for good central vision. Further study is needed to determine the relative indications for transcleral cyclophotocoagulation and the various operations to increase aqueous outflow in the management of patients in the high-risk glaucoma population. PMID:7886867

Shields, M B; Shields, S E

1994-01-01

111

Long-term follow-up of patients with silent ischemia during exercise radionuclide angiography  

SciTech Connect

A retrospective 5 year follow-up study was performed in 140 patients with unequivocal ischemia during exercise radionuclide angiography (greater than or equal to 10% decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction or greater than or equal to 5% decrease in ejection fraction together with a distinct regional wall motion abnormality). In 84 patients (60%), ischemia during radionuclide angiography was silent (silent ischemia group), whereas 56 patients experienced angina during the test (symptomatic group). Work load and antianginal medication were similar in both groups. Critical cardiac events (unstable angina, myocardial infarction, cardiac death) occurred in 27% of patients in the silent ischemia group and 16% of those in the symptomatic group (p = NS); however, myocardial infarction or death was more frequent in patients with silent ischemia (22% versus 9%; p less than 0.05). If there was additional exercise-induced ST segment depression, the rate of critical events was further increased (p less than 0.05). The difference in critical cardiac events seemed to be influenced by the higher incidence of revascularization procedures in symptomatic patients, whereas medical therapy had no similar effect. Thus, these findings suggest that patients with documented severe ischemia should undergo left heart catheterization and revascularization irrespective of symptoms to improve their prognosis.

Breitenbuecher, A.P.; Pfisterer, M.; Hoffmann, A.; Burckhardt, D. (University Hospital, Basel (Switzerland))

1990-04-01

112

Juvenile Hemochromatosis, Genetic Study and Long-term Follow up after Therapy  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) is a very rare disease in Iran and reported cases are all negative for HFE mutation. We report a family affected by severe juvenile hemochromatosis (JH) with a detailed molecular study of the family members. METHODS We studied a pedigree with siblings affected by juvenile HH and followed them for 3 years. Microsatellite and gene sequencing analysis was performed for all family members. RESULTS Two siblings (the proband and his sister, aged 26 and 30 years, respectively) were found to have clinical findings of JH. The proband’s brother, who presented with hyperpigmentation, died of probable JH at the age of 24 years. Gene sequencing analysis showed that the proband has a homozygote c.265T>C (p.C89R) HJV mutation + a heterozygote c.884T>C (p.V295A) mutation of HFE. The affected proband’s sister presented with the same HJV c.265T>C (p.C89R) homozygote mutation. In addition, we found the HJV c.98-6C>G polymorphic variant in both the sister and proband (homozygote). Sequencing of hepcidin (HAMP), TfR2, and FPN revealed no mutation. CONCLUSION We have shown that molecular analysis of the HH related gene is a powerful tool for reliable diagnosis of JH and, in conjunction with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and noninvasive liver stiffness measurement by elastography, is adequate tool for management and follow up of HH. PMID:24872867

Malekzadeh, Masoud M.; Radmard, Amir Reza; Nouroozi, Alireza; Akbari, Mohammad Reza; Amini, Marzie; Navabakhsh, Behrooz; Caleffi, Angela; Pietrangelo, Antonello; Malekzadeh, Reza

2014-01-01

113

A long-term follow up of premarital counseling in the Israeli Arab population.  

PubMed

A follow up study of 168 Arab counselees that received premarital genetic counseling between 2001 and 2009, mostly since they planned to marry with a relative, was performed in 2013. Among the 156 cases in which the counselee married, 30 changed their marital plans (19.2 %). Those who changed their marital plans were more often Muslim Arabs that came for counseling since they were related in particular first cousins. Among the 126 counselee that married as planned, 66 were interviewed. From these interviews, it appears that many of the counselees that were related as first cousins or closer came to premarital genetic counseling in order to decide whether to marry. Most of the couples interviewed followed the recommendations concerning the use of folic acid and genetic tests. Among the 53 consanguineous couples interviewed, 49 women had 118 children. Among these 118 children, 8 (6.8 %) were born with a severe disease in 8 different families. This rate of malformations/genetic diseases is similar to the one observed for consanguineous couples from the general Arab population in the region, suggesting therefore that the premarital counseling and the adherence to the recommendations did not change the final risk to the counselees. PMID:24974306

Zlotogora, Joël; Shalev, Stavit A

2014-10-01

114

Long-term follow-up study of browlift for treatment of facial paralysis.  

PubMed

Browlift for patients with irreversible paralysis of the frontalis muscle was evaluated in a review of 40 patients who had undergone follow-up studies for durations of more than 3 years. The procedure consists of a lazy S-shaped excision above the upper border of the eyebrow and upward fixation of the lower skin margin. The results were as follows: (1) The percentage of patients for whom symmetrical positioning of the eyebrow was achieved was 65%. (2) The greater the preoperative severity of ptosis, the more often did recurrence occur. (3) Recurrence progressed rapidly during the first postoperative year, but thereafter recurrence was seen only in those patients in whom the affected eyebrow was still in a position higher than its counterpart. (4) No relationship could be seen between age at the time of surgery and postoperative position of eyebrow. (5) Improvement in contraction of the visual field was seen in 85% of patients postoperatively, and complaints were eliminated in 50%. (6) Careful preservation of the sensory nerve is required. (7) The postoperative scar was acceptable. This procedure is a simple and effective method of correction of paralytic ptosis. Although a degree of skill is required to obtain satisfactory results and a surgical scar remains at the upper border of the eyebrow, the advantages of the procedure surpass its disadvantages. It is believed that this method should be used more often in the treatment of facial paralysis. PMID:8192367

Ueda, K; Harii, K; Yamada, A

1994-02-01

115

Percutaneous Vertebroplasty in Multiple Myeloma: Prospective Long-Term Follow-Up in 106 Consecutive Patients  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PV) is a minimally invasive procedure involving the injection of bone cement within a collapsed vertebral body. Although this procedure was demonstrated to be effective in osteoporosis and metastases, few studies have been reported in cases of multiple myeloma (MM). We prospectively evaluated the safety and efficacy of PV in the treatment of vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) resulting from MM. Materials and Methods: PV was performed in 106 consecutive MM patients who had back pain due to VCFs, the treatment of which had failed conservative therapies. Follow-up (28.2 {+-} 12.1 months) was evaluated at 7 and 15 days as well as at 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, and every 6 months after PV. Visual analog scale (VAS) pain score, opioid use, external brace support, and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) score were recorded. Results: The median pretreatment VAS score of 9 (range 4-10) significantly (P < 0.001) decreased to 1 (range 0-9) after PV. Median pre-ODI values of 82% (range 36-89%) significantly improved to 7% (range 0-82%) (P < 0.001). Differences in pretreatment and posttreatment use of analgesic drug were statistically significant (P < 0.001). The majority of patients (70 of 81; 86%) did not use an external brace after PV (P < 0.001). Conclusion: PV is a safe, effective, and long-lasting procedure for the treatment of vertebral compression pain resulting from MM.

Anselmetti, Giovanni Carlo, E-mail: giovanni.anselmetti@ircc.it; Manca, Antonio, E-mail: anto.manca@gmail.com [Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment, Interventional Radiology Unit (Italy); Montemurro, Filippo, E-mail: filippo.montemurro@ircc.it [Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment, Oncology Unit (Italy); Hirsch, Joshua, E-mail: jahirschmd@yahoo.com [Massachusetts General Hospital, Interventional Neuroradiology (United States); Chiara, Gabriele, E-mail: chiaragabriele@gmail.com [Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment, Interventional Radiology Unit (Italy); Grignani, Giovanni, E-mail: giovanni.grignani@ircc.it; Carnevale Schianca, Fabrizio, E-mail: fabrizio.carnevale@ircc.it; Capaldi, Antonio, E-mail: antonio.capaldi@ircc.it; Rota Scalabrini, Delia, E-mail: delia.rotascalabrini@ircc.it [Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment, Oncology Unit (Italy); Sardo, Elena, E-mail: elena.sardo@ircc.it; Debernardi, Felicino, E-mail: felicino.debernardi@ircc.it [Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment, Anesthesiology Unit (Italy); Iussich, Gabriella, E-mail: gabriellaiussich@yahoo.com [Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment, Interventional Radiology Unit (Italy); Regge, Daniele, E-mail: daniele.regge@ircc.it [Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment, Radiology Unit (Italy)

2012-02-15

116

Long-term follow-up of individuals with celiac disease: An evaluation of current practice guidelines  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION: Celiac disease can be treated by following a strict gluten-free diet for life. If properly followed, the diet resolves symptoms and nutritional deficiencies. It is generally recommended that individuals with celiac disease have careful long-term follow-up. However, it is not clear which elements of disease status evaluation, laboratory investigations and self-management support should be included in follow-up. OBJECTIVES: To examine the current practice guidelines and recommendations regarding follow-up of individuals with celiac disease. METHODS: Guidelines issued by gastroenterological societies and associations, and recommendations by experts were retrieved using MEDLINE and other Internet search engines. RESULTS: Practice guidelines were available from the American Gastroenterological Association; the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition; the National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Conference 2004; the World Gastroenterology Organization; the British Society for Gastroenterology and the United Kingdom-based Primary Care Society for Gastroenterology. Most guidelines recommended a scheduled annual review and regular measurements of body mass index. The British Society for Gastroenterology recommended dietary review only at times of stress, while others recommended dietary review with a nutritionist. All associations recommended serial tissue transglutaminase antibody testing. The American Gastroenterological Association and the Primary Care Society for Gastroenterology recommended annual hemoglobin, ferritin and folate checks. One guideline recommended annual hemoglobin, electrolyte, calcium, albumin, ferritin, folate, fat-soluble vitamin, liver function test, parathyroid hormone and bone density measurements (approximately $400 per patient). CONCLUSIONS: The current practice guidelines regarding the follow-up of patients with celiac disease varied greatly in their recommendations and many were not evidence-based. Prospective studies are required to develop rational, cost-effective and risk-stratified guidelines for long-term follow-up of these patients. PMID:17853949

Silvester, Jocelyn A; Rashid, Mohsin

2007-01-01

117

Efficacy, Safety, and Long-Term Follow-Up Results of EUS-Guided Transmural Drainage for Pancreatic Pseudocyst  

PubMed Central

Background and Aim. EUS-guided transmural drainage (EUS-GTD) is now considered a minimally invasive and effective alternative to surgery for drainage of symptomatic pancreatic pseudocysts. However, the technique is rather difficult, and sometimes serious complications occur to patients undergoing this procedure. We retrospectively evaluated efficacy, safety, and long-term follow-up results of EUS-GTD for pancreatic pseudocyst. Methods. Sixty-seven patients with pancreatic pseudocyst who underwent EUS-GTD from April 2000 to March 2011 were enrolled. We retrospectively evaluated (1) technical success, (2) clinical success, (3) adverse event of procedure, and (4) long-term follow-up results. Results. Total technical success rate was 88%. Ninety-one percent of external drainage, 79% of internal drainage, and 66% of puncture and aspiration only achieved clinical success. There was only one case with an adverse event, perforation (1.5%). The case required emergency operation. Total recurrence rate was 23.9%. Median follow-up period was 33.9 months. The recurrence rates in the cases of stent remaining, spontaneously dislodged, removed on schedule, external tube removal, and aspiration only were 10.0%, 12.5%, 42.9%, 50%, and 0%, respectively. Conclusion. EUS-GTD is a relatively safe and effective therapeutic method. However, further analysis should be done by larger series to determine the method of EUS-GTD for pancreatic pseudocyst. PMID:23554548

Kato, Shin; Katanuma, Akio; Maguchi, Hiroyuki; Takahashi, Kuniyuki; Osanai, Manabu; Yane, Kei; Kim, Toshifumi; Kaneko, Maki; Takaki, Ryo; Matsumoto, Kazuyuki; Matsumori, Tomoaki; Gon, Katsushige; Tomonari, Akiko

2013-01-01

118

Long term functioning in early onset psychosis: Two years prospective follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Background There were few studies on the outcome of schizophrenia in developing countries. Whether the outcome is similar to or different from developed world is still a point for research. The main aim of the current study was to know if patients with early onset non affective psychosis can behave and function properly after few years from start of the illness or not. Other aims included investigation of possible predictors and associated factors with remission and outcome. Method The study prospectively investigated a group of 56 patients with onset of psychosis during childhood or adolescence. Diagnosis made according to DSM-IV criteria and included; schizophrenia, psychotic disorder not otherwise specified and acute psychosis. Severity of psychosis was measured by PANSS. Measures of the outcome included; remission criteria of Andreasen et al 2005, the children's global assessment scale and educational level. Results Analysis of data was done for only 37 patients. Thirty patients diagnosed as schizophrenia and 7 with Psychotic disorder not otherwise specified. Mean duration of follow up was 38.4 +/- 16.9 months. At the end of the study, 6 patients (16.2%) had one episode, 23(62.1%) had multiple episodes and 8 (21.6%) continuous course. Nineteen patients (51.4%) achieved full remission, and only 11(29.7%) achieved their average educational level for their age. Twenty seven percent of the sample had good outcome and 24.3% had poor outcome. Factors associated with non remission and poor outcome included gradual onset, low IQ, poor premorbid adjustment, negative symptoms at onset of the illness and poor adherence to drugs. Moreover, there was tendency of negative symptoms at illness start to predict poor outcome. Conclusion Some patients with early onset non affective psychosis can behave and function properly after few years from the start of the illness. Although remission is a difficult target in childhood psychosis, it is still achievable. PMID:21801438

2011-01-01

119

Alternative surgical strategies in patients with sporadic medullary thyroid carcinoma: Long-term follow-up  

PubMed Central

The extent of surgical resection in patients with sporadic medullary thyroid carcinoma (SMTC) remains controversial. The aim of the present study was to discuss the prognosis of sporadic medullary thyroid carcinoma with different surgical treatments. Of 73 patients with SMTC (mean age of 43.78 years at diagnosis), 70 patients were followed up for 12.0-169.0 months (median 90.0). Having given their informed consent, 12 patients underwent total thyroidectomy with bilateral central neck dissection (group A), 40 underwent subtotal thyroidectomy preserving contralateral thyroid tissue on the entrance point of the recurrent laryngeal nerve into the larynx with ipsilateral modified radical neck dissection (group B), and 18 patients underwent subtotal thyroidectomy preserving contralateral thyroid tissue on the entrance point of the recurrent laryngeal nerve into the larynx with bilateral modified radical neck dissection (group C). The diagnosis was confirmed by a pathology examination. The incidences of hypoparathyroidism and recurrent laryngeal nerve injury, the cancer recurrence rates and survival time were investigated post-operatively. Significant differences were found between groups A, B and C in the incidence of hypoparathyroidism (?2=40.9, P<0.01), as well as that of recurrent laryngeal nerve injury (?2=32.9, P<0.01). The cancer recurrence rates in groups A, B and C were 75.0% (9/12), 2.5% (1/40) and 44.4% (8/18) respectively, (?2=31.1, P<0.01) and the cure rates were 25, 97.5 and 55.6% respectively (?2=31.1, P<0.01). The mean survival times in groups A, B and C were 77.8, 106.1 and 111.0 months respectively, but significant difference was noted (?2=3.2, P>0.05). In conclusion, compared to total thyroidectomy with bilateral central neck dissection, subtotal thyroidectomy with ipsilateral/bilateral modified radical neck dissection showed a lower incidence of hypoparathyroidism, recurrent laryngeal nerve injury and lower rates of recurrence, along with a similar cumulative survival. PMID:22866159

Ma, Shi Hong; Liu, Qin Jiang; Zhang, You Cheng; Yang, Rong

2011-01-01

120

Long Term Streptomycin Toxicity in the Treatment of Buruli Ulcer: Follow-up of Participants in the BURULICO Drug Trial  

PubMed Central

Background Buruli Ulcer (BU) is a tropical infectious skin disease that is currently treated with 8 weeks of intramuscular streptomycin and oral rifampicin. As prolonged streptomycin administration can cause both oto- and nephrotoxicity, we evaluated its long term toxicity by following-up former BU patients that had received either 4 or 8 weeks of streptomycin in addition to other drugs between 2006 and 2008, in the context of a randomized controlled trial. Methods Former patients were retrieved in 2012, and oto- and nephrotoxicity were determined by audiometry and serum creatinine levels. Data were compared with baseline and week 8 measurements during the drug trial. Results Of the total of 151 former patients, 127 (84%) were retrieved. Ototoxicity was present in 29% of adults and 25% of children. Adults in the 8 week streptomycin group had significantly higher hearing thresholds in all frequencies at long term follow-up, and these differences were most prominent in the high frequencies. In children, no differences between the two treatment arms were found. Nephrotoxicity that had been detected in 14% of adults and in 13% of children during treatment, was present in only 2.4% of patients at long term follow-up. Conclusions Prolonged streptomycin administration in the adult study subjects caused significant persistent hearing loss, especially in the high frequency range. Nephrotoxicity was also present in both adults and children but appeared to be transient. Streptomycin should be given with caution especially in patients aged 16 or older, and in individuals with concurrent risks for renal dysfunction or hearing loss. PMID:24625583

Klis, Sandor; Stienstra, Ymkje; Phillips, Richard O.; Abass, Kabiru Mohammed; Tuah, Wilson; van der Werf, Tjip S.

2014-01-01

121

Long-term follow-up of thalamic deep brain stimulation for essential tremor – patient satisfaction and mortality  

PubMed Central

Background Ventral intermediate thalamic nucleus (VIM) deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an effective treatment for tremor, but there is limited data on long-term efficacy and mortality after VIM-DBS. Here we report the analysis of patient satisfaction and mortality in all patients treated in our center 1996–2010 with VIM-DBS for essential tremor (ET). Methods Forty-six consecutive patients were included in this study. Medical records were reviewed, and a follow-up questionnaire was sent to all surviving patients. Results Seventy percent of all possible participants (26 patients) answered the questionnaire. Follow-up time for the responding patients was median 6.0 years (2–16). Median self-reported score on visual analogue scale of the initial postoperative effect on tremor was 8.5 (0.1–10), with a significant reduction to 7.4 (0–10) at follow-up (p?=?0.001). Patients reported a median score of 10 (0–10) for overall patient satisfaction with VIM-DBS treatment. Eight patients (17%) died after median 8.9 years (0.6–15) after surgery, at median age 77.4 years (70–89). One patient (2%) committed suicide seven months after the operation. Calculated standard mortality ratio among ET patients was 1.3 (CI 0.6–2.6), similar to the general population. Conclusion We found no significant increase in mortality in this cohort of VIM-DBS operated ET patients compared to the general population in Norway. The patients reported high long-term satisfaction and continuing effect of VIM-DBS on tremor even after many years. VIM-DBS therefore seems to be an effective symptomatic long-term treatment of ET. However, one patient committed suicide. Only one other suicide has previously been reported after VIM-DBS. It is therefore still unclear whether VIM-DBS increases suicide risk. PMID:24903550

2014-01-01

122

PTA of Infrapopliteal Arteries: Long-term Clinical Follow-up and Analysis of Factors Influencing Clinical Outcome  

SciTech Connect

This study was a retrospective analysis of patients with CLI who underwent infrapopliteal percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). The main goal was to evaluate clinical and morphological factors that influence the clinical outcome of PTA in long-term follow-up. A total of 1,445 PTA procedures were performed in 1,268 patients. Main indications for PTA included gangrene, nonhealing ulcers, or rest pain. The mean number of treated arteries was 1.77 artery/limb, and the majority of lesions were type TASC D. The technical success rate of PTA was 89% of intended-to-treat arteries. The main criterion of clinical success was functional limb salvage (LS). One-year follow-up involved 1,069 limbs. Primary and secondary 1-year LS rates were 76.1 and 84.4%, respectively. The effect of clinical and morphological parameters on the 1-year LS was that the only associated disease with an adverse effect on LS rate was DM combined with dialysis. Regarding limb preprocedural status, gangrene was clearly a negative predictor. The most important factor affecting LS was the number of patent arteries post-PTA: patients with 0, 1, 2, and 3 patent arteries had 1-year primary LS rates of 56.4, 73.1, 80.4, and 83%, respectively. Long-term follow-up of LS rates demonstrated secondary LS rates of 84.4, 78.8, and 73.3% at 1, 5, and 10 years. Every effort should be made to perform PTA for as many arteries as possible, even if TASC D type, to improve clinical outcome. Our study shows that repeat PTA is capable of keeping the long-term LS rate close to 75%.

Peregrin, Jan H., E-mail: jape@medicon.cz; Koznar, Boris; Kovac, Josef; Lastovickova, Jarmila; Novotny, Jiri; Vedlich, Daniel [Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Czech Republic); Skibova, Jelena [Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Department of Statistics (Czech Republic)

2010-08-15

123

Esophageal variceal ligation in the secondary prevention of variceal bleeding: Result of long term follow-up  

PubMed Central

Introduction Long-term outcome of patients after band ligation have been poorly defined. Therefore, we conducted a long-term follow-up study to delineate the outcome of ligation in patients with portal hypertension in the Hassan II university hospital, Fes, Morocco. Methods Over 118 months patients treated by endoscopic variceal ligation were received regular follow- up and detailed clinical assessment of at least 24 months. Results One hundred twenty five patients were followed up for a mean of 31 months (range 12-107 months). Obliteration of the varices was achieved in 89.6 % (N = 112) of patients, with 3 +/-1.99 (range 1-8) endoscopy sessions over a period of 14 + /-6.8 weeks (range 3-28). The percentage of variceal recurrence during follow-up after ligation was 20.5 % (N = 23). Recurrence were observed in a mean of 22 months +/- 7.3 (range 3-48). Bleeding rate from recurrent varices was 30.4 % (7/23). Rebleeding from esophageal ulcers occurred in 5.6 % (7/125) of patients. Portal hypertensive gastropathy before and after eradication of varices was 17.6% (N = 22) and 44.6% (N = 50) respectively; p< 0.05. Fundal gastric varices was 30.4% (N = 38) and 35.7% (N = 40) before and after eradication of varices respectively; p> 0.05. The overall mortality was 4 % (N = 5). Conclusion Band ligation was an effective technical approach for variceal obliteration with low rates of variceal recurrence, rebleeding and development of gastric varices. Furthermore, it was associated with frequent development of portal hypertensive gastropathy. PMID:23847700

Lahbabi, Mounia; Mellouki, Ihssane; Aqodad, Nouredine; Elabkari, Mohammed; Elyousfi, Mounia; Ibrahimi, Sidi Adil; Benajah, Dafr Allah

2013-01-01

124

Clinical conditions of long-term cure in childhood-onset epilepsy: a 45-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Clinical conditions of long-term cure in childhood-onset epilepsy, defined as sustained remission off antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment, are not well known. To address that clinically important question, we determined clinical factors predictive of long-term seizure cure in a population-based cohort of 133 patients followed up since their first seizure before the age of 16 years. At the end of the 45-year follow-up (mean=39.8, median=44, range=11-47), 81 (61%) of the 133 patients had entered at least 5-year remission off AEDs, meeting our definition of cure. The 81 patients were seizure-free off AEDs for a mean of 34.4 (median=38, range=6-46) years and 59 (73%) of the 81 patients following the first standard medication until the end of follow-up (mean=36.5, median=39, range=14-46 years). Four independent factors were found to be associated with cure compared with having seizures while on AEDs: seizure frequency less than weekly during the first 12 months of AED treatment (p=0.002), pretreatment seizure frequency less than weekly (p=0.002), higher IQ (>70; p=0.021), and idiopathic or cryptogenic vs. symptomatic etiology (p=0.042). Patients with seizure frequency of less than once a week during early treatment and idiopathic etiology had a ninefold chance to of being cured since the onset of the first adequate antiepileptic therapy until the end of follow-up compared with patients who a symptomatic etiology had at least weekly seizures while on AEDs (RR=8.7, 95% CI=2.0-37.0; p<0.001). In conclusion, IQ, etiology, and seizure frequencies both in the first year of AED treatment and prior to medication appear to be clinical predictors of cure in childhood-onset epilepsy. PMID:24975821

Sillanpää, Matti; Saarinen, Maiju; Schmidt, Dieter

2014-08-01

125

Long-term follow-up of negative pressure wound therapy with instillation: a limb salvage procedure?  

PubMed

Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is a treatment to reduce oedema, stimulate granulation tissue formation, remove wound exudate and diminish wound area, thus preparing it for secondary healing, skin grafting or coverage with flaps. The association of instillation to NPWT (NPWTi) is a new method for treating severe wounds, in particular, limb lesions at high risk for amputation. This therapy helps to deliver instillation fluid automatically into the contaminated wound, before application of negative pressure. These steps, repeated cyclically, help to remove infectious material, leading to a better moist environment, a necessary condition for wound healing. We report our experience of treating three patients with complex wounds and associated noble structure exposition conservatively with NPWTi and flap coverage. In a long-term follow-up (5?years), we were able to achieve a stable surgery reconstruction on preserved limbs, without evidence of chronic infection and other sequelae or complications. Despite the fact that our experience is limited , as it is based on only a few cases, it suggests how NPWTi could be considered useful in a conservative approach to the treatment of acute complex wounds of the lower extremities. In these patients with high risk of amputation, a long-term follow-up becomes fundamental in order to evaluate wound bed status after NPTWi. PMID:25234266

Bollero, Daniele; Degano, Kiran; Gangemi, Ezio N; Aloj, Domenico; Malvasio, Valeria; Stella, Maurizio

2014-09-19

126

Efficacy of OK-432 sclerotherapy in treatment of lymphatic malformations: long-term follow-up results.  

PubMed

Lymphatic malformations (LMs) are rare congenital tumors of the lymphatic system often affecting the head and neck area. Because of cosmetic and functional symptoms most patients need to be treated. Traditionally surgical treatment has been considered to be the first-line treatment for LM. However, it is challenging because of the need for complete excision. The risk of poor cosmetic result and damage to surrounding structures is high. Since Ogita presented OK-432 as a treatment for LM in 1987, it has been widely used as the primary treatment. Many papers have been published on this topic but with relatively short follow-up times. We present a material of 36 LMs treated with OK-432 during the period of 1999-2009 and with an average follow-up time of 6 years. Immediate post-treatment results were compared with the late follow-up findings. Primary and late response to therapy was evaluated with an MRI scan by measuring the change in lesion size. At the follow-up visit, all patients were clinically examined and they answered a symptom questionnaire. Later 26/36 patients were also available for a quality of life questionnaire. Primarily 67% demonstrated a complete or marked response. At the follow-up 64% showed a complete or marked response, in 11% the final response was better than the initially observed and only 2 patients had relapsed. The initial response predicted the long-term outcome accurately and the effect of OK-432 sclerotherapy seems to be long lasting. According to the MRI evaluation 80% and subjectively 94% of the patients benefitted from the treatment. Quality of life questionnaire showed high post-treatment satisfaction. We found OK-432 sclerotherapy to be a safe and effective treatment with a long lasting effect in the management of macrocystic LMs. PMID:23649509

Weitz-Tuoretmaa, Annamaria; Rautio, Riitta; Valkila, Jan; Keski-Säntti, Harri; Keski-Nisula, Leo; Laranne, Jussi

2014-02-01

127

Reasons for ICU demand and long-term follow-up of a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease cohort.  

PubMed

Acute respiratory failure (ARF) can necessitate mechanical ventilation and intensive care unit (ICU) admission in patients with COPD. We evaluated the reasons COPD patients are admitted to the ICU and assessed long-term outcomes in a retrospective cohort study in a respiratory level-III ICU of a teaching government hospital between November 2007 and April 2012. All COPD patients admitted to ICU for the first time were enrolled and followed for 12 months. Patient characteristics, body mass index (BMI), long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT), non-invasive ventilation (LT-NIV) at home, COPD co-morbidities, reasons for ICU admission, ICU data, length of stay, prescription of new LTOT and LT-NIV, and ICU mortality were recorded. Patient survival after ICU discharge was evaluated by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. A total of 962 (710 male) patients were included. The mean age was 70 (SD 10). The major reasons for ICU admission were COPD exacerbation (66.7%) and pneumonia (19.7%). ICU and hospital mortality were 11.4%, 12.5% respectively, and 842 patients were followed-up. The new LT-NIV prescription rate was 15.8%. The 6-month 1, 2, 3, and 5-year mortality rates were 24.5%, 33.7%, 46.9%, 58.9% and 72.5%, respectively. Long-term survival was negatively affected by arrhythmia (p < 0.013) and pneumonia (p < 0.025). LT-NIV use (p < 0.016) with LTOT (p < 0.038) increase survival. Pulmonary infection can be a major reason for ICU admission and determining outcome after ICU discharge. Unlike arrhythmia and pneumonia, LT-NIV can improve long-term survival in eligible COPD patients. PMID:24915105

Takir, Huriye Berk; Karakurt, Zuhal; Salturk, Cuneyt; Kargin, Feyza; Balci, Merih; Yalcinsoy, Murat; Ozmen, Ipek; Yazicioglu, Ozlem Mocin; Gungor, Gokay; Burunsuzo?lu, Bünyamin; Adiguzel, Nalan

2014-12-01

128

Long-Term Follow-Up of Patients with 46,XY Partial Gonadal Dysgenesis Reared as Males  

PubMed Central

Background/Aims. Studies on 46,XY partial gonadal dysgenesis (PGD) have focused on molecular, gonadal, genital, and hormone features; little is known about follow-up. Our aim was to analyze long-term outcomes of PGD. Methods. Retrospective longitudinal study conducted at a reference service in Brazil. Ten patients were first evaluated in the 1990s and followed up until the 2010s; follow-up ranged from 13.5 to 19.7 years. All were reared as males and had at least one scrotal testis; two bore NR5A1 mutations. Main outcomes were: associated conditions, pubertal development, and growth. Results. All patients had normal motor development but three presented cognitive impairment; five had various associated conditions. At the end of the prepubertal period, FSH was high or high-normal in 3/6 patients; LH was normal in all. At the last evaluation, FSH was high or high-normal in 8/10; LH was high or high-normal in 5/10; testosterone was decreased in one. Final height in nine cases ranged from ?1.57 to 0.80?SDS. All had spontaneous puberty; only one needed androgen therapy. Conclusions. There is good prognosis for growth and spontaneous pubertal development but not for fertility. Though additional studies are required, screening for learning disabilities is advisable. PMID:25580123

Marques-de-Faria, Antonia Paula; Fabbri, Helena Campos; Maciel-Guerra, Andréa Trevas

2014-01-01

129

Granulocytic sarcoma in non-leukaemic child involving maxillary sinus with long term follow up: A rare case report  

PubMed Central

Granulocytic sarcoma (GS) is a rare extramedullary malignant tumor composed of immature myeloid cells. It is strongly associated with acute myeloid leukaemia, chronic myeloproliferative diseases. Occurrence of GS in the oral cavity is extremely uncommon. Present case reported an unusual occurrence of GS without leukemia involving maxillary sinus of a child. The patient underwent chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy with complete remission. A long-term follow-up of the patient was carried without any evidence of recurrence with special focus on diagnostic difficulties. The present case highlights the perplexity in diagnosing such lesions with emphasis on the need of careful interpretation of all clinical, radiographic, histopathological and immunohistochemical details as it is one of the most frequently misdiagnosed disorder. PMID:24987607

Sharma, Aman; Singh, Harkanwal Preet; Gupta, Anish Ashok; Garg, Parveen; Moon, Ninad Joshirao; Chavan, Rahul

2014-01-01

130

Long term follow-up of a child with ambiguous genitalia, mixed gonadal dysgenesis, and unusual mosaicism.  

PubMed

Mixed gonadal dysgenesis (MGD) is a condition of abnormal and asymmetrical gonadal development. This disorder is typically associated with 45,X/46,XY mosaicism; however, other karyotypes have been rarely reported. The phenotype characterizing MGD is highly variable, although in most cases ambiguous genitalia are found. In addition, many individuals with MGD exhibit stigmata of Turner's syndrome. We describe a patient with MGD, found to have a 45,X/47,XYY karyotype, with the majority of the cell lines being 47,XYY. To our knowledge, our report is the first to describe the long-term follow-up of a patient with ambiguous genitalia diagnosed at birth with 45,X/47,XYY mosaicism. PMID:19960897

Ostrow, Vlady; De Luca, Francesco

2009-09-01

131

Uterine Artery Embolization in Patients with a Large Fibroid Burden: Long-Term Clinical and MR Follow-up  

PubMed Central

Uterine artery embolization (UAE) in patients with a large fibroid burden is controversial. Anecdotal reports describe serious complications and limited clinical results. We report the long-term clinical and magnetic resonance (MR) results in a large series of women with a dominant fibroid of >10 cm and/or an uterine volume of >700 cm3. Seventy-one consecutive patients (mean age, 42.5 years; median, 40 years; range, 25–52 years) with a large fibroid burden were treated by UAE between August 2000 and April 2005. Volume reduction and infarction rate of dominant fibroid and uterus were assessed by comparing the baseline and latest follow-up MRIs. Patients were clinically followed at various time intervals after UAE with standardized questionnaires. There were no serious complications of UAE. During a mean follow-up of 48 months (median, 59 months; range, 6–106 months), 10 of 71 patients (14%) had a hysterectomy. Mean volume reduction of the fibroid and uterus was 44 and 43%. Mean infarction rate of the fibroid and overall fibroid infarction rate was 86 and 87%. In the vast majority of patients there was a substantial improvement of symptoms. Clinical results were similar in patients with a dominant fibroid >10 cm and in patients with large uterine volumes by diffuse fibroid disease. In conclusion, our results indicate that the risk of serious complications after UAE in patients with a large fibroid burden is not increased. Moreover, clinical long-term results are as good as in other patients who are treated with UAE. Therefore, a large fibroid burden should not be considered a contraindication for UAE. PMID:20066419

Nijenhuis, Robbert J.; van Rooij, Willem Jan; Weimar, Emilie A. M.; Boekkooi, Peter F.; Lampmann, Leo E. H.; Vervest, Harry A. M.; Lohle, Paul N. M.

2010-01-01

132

Long-term follow-up of study participants from prophylactic HIV vaccine clinical trials in Africa.  

PubMed

Long-term safety is critical for the development and later use of a vaccine to prevent HIV/AIDS. Likewise, the persistence of vaccine-induced antibodies and their impact on HIV testing must be established. IAVI has sponsored several Phase I and IIA HIV vaccine trials enrolling healthy, HIV-seronegative African volunteers. Plasmid DNA and viral vector based vaccines were tested. No vaccine-related serious adverse events were reported. After completion of vaccine trials conducted between 2001-2007, both vaccine and placebo recipients were offered enrolment into an observational long-term follow-up study (LTFU) to monitor potential late health effects and persistence of immune responses. At scheduled 6-monthly clinic visits, a health questionnaire was administered; clinical events were recorded and graded for severity. Blood was drawn for HIV testing and cellular immune assays. 287 volunteers were enrolled; total follow-up after last vaccination was 1463 person years (median: 5.2 years). Ninety-three (93)% of volunteers reported good health at their last LTFU visit. Infectious diseases and injuries accounted for almost 50% of the 175 reported clinical events, of which over 95% were mild or moderate in severity. There were 30 six pregnancies, six incident HIV infections and 14 volunteers reported cases of social harm. Persistence of immune responses was rare. No safety signal was identified. No potentially vaccine-related medical condition, no immune mediated disease, or malignancy was reported. HIV vaccines studied in these trials had a low potential of induction of persisting HIV antibodies. PMID:24374365

Schmidt, Claudia; Jaoko, Walter; Omosa-Manyonyi, Gloria; Kaleebu, Pontiano; Mpendo, Juliet; Nanvubya, Annet; Karita, Etienne; Bayingana, Roger; Bekker, Linda-Gail; Chomba, Elwyn; Kilembe, William; Nchabeleng, Maphoshane; Nyombayire, Julien; Stevens, Gwynn; Chetty, Paramesh; Lehrman, Jennifer; Cox, Josephine; Allen, Susan; Dally, Len; Smith, Carol; Fast, Patricia E

2014-03-01

133

Uterine Artery Embolization in Patients with a Large Fibroid Burden: Long-Term Clinical and MR Follow-up  

SciTech Connect

Uterine artery embolization (UAE) in patients with a large fibroid burden is controversial. Anecdotal reports describe serious complications and limited clinical results. We report the long-term clinical and magnetic resonance (MR) results in a large series of women with a dominant fibroid of >10 cm and/or an uterine volume of >700 cm{sup 3}. Seventy-one consecutive patients (mean age, 42.5 years; median, 40 years; range, 25-52 years) with a large fibroid burden were treated by UAE between August 2000 and April 2005. Volume reduction and infarction rate of dominant fibroid and uterus were assessed by comparing the baseline and latest follow-up MRIs. Patients were clinically followed at various time intervals after UAE with standardized questionnaires. There were no serious complications of UAE. During a mean follow-up of 48 months (median, 59 months; range, 6-106 months), 10 of 71 patients (14%) had a hysterectomy. Mean volume reduction of the fibroid and uterus was 44 and 43%. Mean infarction rate of the fibroid and overall fibroid infarction rate was 86 and 87%. In the vast majority of patients there was a substantial improvement of symptoms. Clinical results were similar in patients with a dominant fibroid >10 cm and in patients with large uterine volumes by diffuse fibroid disease. In conclusion, our results indicate that the risk of serious complications after UAE in patients with a large fibroid burden is not increased. Moreover, clinical long-term results are as good as in other patients who are treated with UAE. Therefore, a large fibroid burden should not be considered a contraindication for UAE.

Smeets, Albert J., E-mail: radiol@eztilburg.nl; Nijenhuis, Robbert J.; Rooij, Willem Jan van; Weimar, Emilie A. M. [St. Elisabeth Ziekenhuis, Department of Radiology (Netherlands); Boekkooi, Peter F. [St. Elisabeth Ziekenhuis, Department of Gynaecology (Netherlands); Lampmann, Leo E. H. [St. Elisabeth Ziekenhuis, Department of Radiology (Netherlands); Vervest, Harry A. M. [St. Elisabeth Ziekenhuis, Department of Gynaecology (Netherlands); Lohle, Paul N. M. [St. Elisabeth Ziekenhuis, Department of Radiology (Netherlands)

2010-10-15

134

Long-term follow-up of Van Nes rotationplasty in patients with congenital proximal focal femoral deficiency.  

PubMed

Van Nes rotationplasty may be used for patients with congenital proximal focal femoral deficiency (PFFD). The lower limb is rotated to use the ankle and foot as a functional knee joint within a prosthesis. A small series of cases was investigated to determine the long-term outcome. At a mean of 21.5 years (11 to 45) after their rotationplasty, a total of 12 prosthetic patients completed the Short-Form (SF)-36, Faces Pain Scale-Revised, Harris hip score, Oswestry back pain score and Prosthetic Evaluation Questionnaires, as did 12 age- and gender-matched normal control participants. A physical examination and gait analysis, computerised dynamic posturography (CDP), and timed 'Up & Go' testing was also completed. Wilcoxon Signed rank test was used to compare each PFFD patient with a matched control participant with false discovery rate of 5%. There were no differences between the groups in overall health and well-being on the SF-36. Significant differences were seen in gait parameters in the PFFD group. Using CDP, the PFFD group had reduced symmetry in stance, and reduced end point and maximum excursions. Patients who had undergone Van Nes rotationplasty had a high level of function and quality of life at long-term follow-up, but presented with significant differences in gait and posture compared with the control group. PMID:23365028

Ackman, J; Altiok, H; Flanagan, A; Peer, M; Graf, A; Krzak, J; Hassani, S; Eastwood, D; Harris, G F

2013-02-01

135

Acute gastroesophageal intussusception in a juvenile Australian shepherd dog: endoscopic treatment and long-term follow-up  

PubMed Central

Background Canine gastroesophageal intussusception (GEI) is a rare and potentially fatal disease usually affecting puppies or young dogs?follow- up period of eight months, thoracic radiographs were obtained showing persistent esophageal dilatation in the absence of compatible clinical signs. Conclusion Endoscopic intervention is an effective, alternative in selected canine GEI- cases, allowing for rapid, minimally invasive confirmation of diagnosis and therapy. After initial treatment, radiographic long-term follow-up seems prudent even in asymptomatic patients. PMID:24885648

2014-01-01

136

Long-term follow-up of 287 meningiomas in neurofibromatosis type 2 patients: clinical, radiological, and molecular features  

PubMed Central

Decision-making criteria for optimal management of meningiomas in neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) patients is hampered by lack of robust data, particularly long-term natural history. Seventy-four NF2 patients harboring 287 cranial meningiomas followed up for a mean period of 110.2 months were studied retrospectively. The median number of meningiomas per patient was 3. The mean maximum diameter of meningiomas at diagnosis was 14.3 mm, with a mean annual growth rate of 1.5 mm. Sixty-six percent of tumors showed no or minimal growth. In a subgroup of patients with 3D MRI, 7.3% of meningiomas (28% of patients) had a volumetric growth rate 20% or more per year. Twenty-five de novo meningiomas appeared during the follow-up (8.7%) and demonstrated a higher growth rate than other meningiomas (6.6 mm/year). Fifty-six meningiomas (23%) in 34 NF2 patients (45.9%) were operated on during the follow-up period. Among symptomatic resected meningiomas, grades II and III tumors were found in 29% and 6% of cases, respectively, with a remarkable intratumor histological heterogeneity. Single nucleotide polymorphism array analysis of 22 meningioma samples in 14 NF2 patients showed increasing chromosome instability with increasing grade, the most frequent losses being on 22q, 1p, 18q, and 6p. This study provides clues to improve tailored treatment of meningiomas: de novo and brain edema-associated meningiomas require active treatment. Future clinical trials in NF2 need to focus specifically on meningiomas as the primary endpoint and should include patients with meningiomas growing 20% or more per year in order to assess new treatments. PMID:22711605

Goutagny, Stéphane; Bah, Alpha Boubacar; Henin, Dominique; Parfait, Béatrice; Grayeli, Alexis Bozorg; Sterkers, Olivier; Kalamarides, Michel

2012-01-01

137

Cervical laminoforaminotomy for radiculopathy: Symptomatic and functional outcomes in a large cohort with long-term follow-up  

PubMed Central

Background: The efficacy and safety of cervical laminoforaminotomy (FOR) in the treatment of cervical radiculopathy has been demonstrated in several series with follow-up less than a decade. However, there is little data analyzing the relative effectiveness of FOR for radiculopathy due to soft disc versus osteophyte disease. In the present study, we review our experience with FOR in a single-center cohort, with long-term follow-up. Methods: We examined the charts of patients who underwent 1085 FORs between 1990 and 2009. A cohort of these patients participated in a telephone interview designed to assess improvement in symptoms and function. Results: A total of 338 interviews were completed with a mean follow-up of 10 years. Approximately 90% of interviewees reported improved pain, weakness, or function following FOR. Ninety-three percent of patients were able to return to work after FOR. The overall complication rate was 3.3%, and the rate of recurrent radiculopathy requiring surgery was 6.2%. Soft disc subtypes compared to osteophyte disease by operative report were associated with improved symptoms (P < 0.05). The operative report of these pathologic subtypes was associated with the preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) interpretation (P < 0.001). Conclusions: These results suggest that FOR is a highly effective surgical treatment for cervical radiculopathy with a low incidence of complications. Radiculopathy due to soft disc subtypes may be associated with a better prognosis compared to osteophyte disease, although osteophyte disease remains an excellent indication for FOR. PMID:25593773

Church, Ephraim W.; Halpern, Casey H.; Faught, Ryan W.; Balmuri, Usha; Attiah, Mark A.; Hayden, Sharon; Kerr, Marie; Maloney-Wilensky, Eileen; Bynum, Janice; Dante, Stephen J.; Welch, William C.; Simeone, Frederick A.

2014-01-01

138

Long-term efficacy, safety, and side effect profile of botulinum toxin in dystonia: a 20-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Most long-term studies of the efficacy and safety profile of botulinum toxin (BoNT) in the treatment of dystonia are limited by lack of objective assessments, relatively small sample size, or short follow-up periods. We present one of the longest follow-up studies of BoNT treatment. This is a retrospective, longitudinal study that analyzes data on 89 patients treated with BoNT for dystonia at our Movement Disorders Clinic for up to 26 years (mean follow-up period of 18.5 years). The mean ages at the time of the first and last injections were 49 and 68 years old, respectively. The most common diagnoses were cervical dystonia (N = 51), blepharospasm (N = 34), and oromandibular dystonia (N = 26). The total number of onabotulinumtoxinA units received during the first injection was 140.3 as compared to 224.5 at the last injection (p < 0.0001). The global response effect was 3.18 after the first injection session and 3.57 after the last injection (p < 0.0001). The duration of response after the initial injection session and at the last injection was 16.33 weeks versus 19.42 weeks (p 0.0037), respectively. Adverse events, typically related to injection site, were reported in 19% of the visits. This series of dystonia patients with the longest reported treatment with BoNT provide evidence that in selected patients repeated chemodenervation is associated with sustained symptomatic benefit, decreased latency effect, and prolonged duration of therapeutic response. Despite the higher requirement of mean units per visit over time, only 19% of all treatment cycles are associated with adverse, but tolerable, side effects. PMID:25130293

Ramirez-Castaneda, Juan; Jankovic, Joseph

2014-11-01

139

Long-term follow-up of autologous stem cell transplantation for severe paediatric systemic lupus erythematosus.  

PubMed

This study attempts to evaluate the outcome of autologous peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-PBHSCT) in patients with severe paediatric systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Five patients (n = 2 females, n = 3 males) with severe or refractory paediatric SLE received autologous peripheral blood CD34+ cell transplants between July 2005 and February 2009. The patients ranged in age from 6 to 14 years, and the course of disease extended over a period from 5 to 90 months. All of the patients received conventional therapy for 3 to 87 months. After their discharge from the hospital, the patients continued to maintain their regular follow-up visits and basic quality of life. The patients exhibited decreased immune function after the auto-PBHSCT. The CD4+ and CD19+ cells were significantly reduced. Viremia occurred in four patients 2 months after the transplantation. All of the patients went into clinical remission in 3-6 months. The severity of encephalopathy, nephritis and organ damage declined in varying degrees. The disease recurred in patient 2 at 9 months and in patient 4 at 12 months after the transplantation. Because the disease was relatively mild, we were able to administer small doses of glucocorticoids that were sufficient to control the course of the disease. Macrophage activation syndrome occurred in patient 3 at 18 months after the transplantation. At the end of the follow-up period, three of the five patients were completely off their medications. Another two patients sustained small doses of glucocorticoids. The developmental levels of these patients were comparable to those of normal children at the end of the follow-up. The quality of life improved significantly. The auto-PBHSCT is effective for severe and refractory paediatric SLE. The incidence of lethal infection and other adverse reactions is low. Long-term remission can be achieved. A milder form of the disease may have recurred after the transplantation. PMID:23925552

Su, Gaixiu; Luan, Zuo; Wu, Fengqi; Wang, Xinning; Tang, Xiangfeng; Wu, Nanhai; Wang, Kai

2013-12-01

140

Natural course of care dependency in residents of long-term care facilities: prospective follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Background Insight in the natural course of care dependency of vulnerable older persons in long-term care facilities (LTCF) is essential to organize and optimize individual tailored care. We examined changes in care dependency in LTCF residents over two 6-month periods, explored the possible predictive factors of change and the effect of care dependency on mortality. Methods A prospective follow-up study in 21 Dutch long-term care facilities. 890 LTCF residents, median age 84 (Interquartile range 79–88) years participated. At baseline, 6 and 12 months, care dependency was assessed by the nursing staff with the Care Dependency Scale (CDS), range 15–75 points. Since the median CDS score differed between men and women (47.5 vs. 43.0, P?=?0.013), CDS groups (low, middle and high) were based on gender-specific 33% of CDS scores at baseline and 6 months. Results At baseline, the CDS groups differed in median length of stay on the ward, urine incontinence and dementia (all P?follow-up, 10% improved to a higher CDS group, 65% were in the same, and 25% had deteriorated to a lower CDS group; a similar pattern emerged at 12-month follow-up. Gender, age, urine incontinence, dementia, cancer and baseline care dependency status, predicted an increase in care dependency over time. Conclusion The majority of residents were stable in their care dependency status over two subsequent 6-month periods. Highly care dependent residents showed an increased mortality risk. Awareness of the natural course of care dependency is essential to residents and their formal and informal caregivers when considering therapeutic and end-of-life care options. PMID:24884563

2014-01-01

141

Donor P-gp polymorphisms strongly influence renal function and graft loss in a cohort of renal transplant recipients with long term follow-up.  

E-print Network

transplant recipients with long term follow-up. J-B Woillard1,2* and J-P Rerolle1,4* , N Picard1 and graft loss 2949 words, 25 references, 1 figure and 4 tables Keywords: Kidney transplantation function and subsequent graft loss, in a long-term cohort of recipients transplanted between 1990 and 2005

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

142

Health-related quality-of-life measures for long-term follow-up in children after major trauma  

PubMed Central

Objective Our objective was to review measures of health-related quality of life (HRQL) for long-term follow up in children after major trauma and to determine the measures that are suitable for a large age range, reliable and valid, and cover a substantial amount of the domains of functioning using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) of the World Health Organization (WHO). Methods The Medline and EMBASE databases were searched in all years up to October 2007 for generic HRQL measures suitable for children aged 5–18 years old and validated in English or Dutch. Measures were reviewed with respect to the age range for which the measure was suitable and reliability, validity, and content related to the ICF. Results The search resulted in 1,235 hits and 21 related articles. Seventy-nine papers met the inclusion criteria, describing in total 14 measures: Child Health and Illness Profile Adolescent and Child Edition (CHIP-AE/CE), Child Health Questionnaire Child and Parent Forms (CHQ-CF87/PF50/PF28), DISABKIDS, Functional Status II (FS II)(R), Health Utilities Index Mark 2 (HUI 2), KIDSCREEN 52/27, KINDL, Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL), TNO Institute of Prevention and Health and the Leiden University Hospital (TNO-AZL), TNO-AZL Children’s Quality Of Life (TACQOL), and Youth Quality of Life Instrument—Research Version (YQOL-R). Measures that were suitable for a large age range were CHQ-PF50/PF28, DISABKIDS, FS II(R), HUI 2, KIDSCREEN, PedsQL, and TACQOL. All measures had moderate to good psychometric properties, except for CHQ-PF50/PF28, KINDL, and TACQOL, which had either low internal consistency or bad test–retest reliability. The measures that covered more than six chapters of the ICF domains were CHIP-AE/CE, CHQ-CF87/PF50, DISABKIDS, KIDSCREEN-52, PedsQL, and TACQOL. Conclusions DISABKIDS, KIDSCREEN 52, and PedsQL are suitable for long-term follow-up measurement of HRQL in children after major trauma. They cover a large age range, have good psychometric properties, and cover the ICF substantially. PMID:18437531

Janssens, Loes; Gorter, Jan Willem; Ketelaar, Marjolijn; Kramer, William L. M.

2008-01-01

143

Aortic valve replacement with concomitant aortoventriculoplasty in children and young adults: long-term follow-up.  

PubMed

Sixteen patients (9 male, 7 female) underwent aortic valve replacement (AVR) with a Konno aortoventriculoplasty at the University of Nebraska Medical Center from August, 1976, to May, 1986. There was 1 early death (6%), but no operative deaths have occurred since 1977. There was 1 late death from unknown cause 51 months postoperatively. One patient has been lost to follow-up. Long-term follow-up of 14 patients was 923 months (mean, 66 months; range, 9 to 120 months). Of the 16 patients, 12 (75%) had had previous cardiovascular procedures. A total of thirty-five operations, including the aortoventriculoplasties, were done in the 16 patients. Of the aortic valves inserted, 11 were tissue valves (Carpentier-Edwards, 10; Ionescu-Shiley, 1) and 5 were mechanical valves (St. Jude, 3; Björk-Shiley, 2). Patient age at the time of aortoventriculoplasty ranged from 2 years 3 months to 24 years (median, 11 years 8 months). Size of the aortic annulus ranged from 10 to less than 21 mm (median, 16 mm). Valves inserted ranged from 21 to 29 mm; 13 (81%) of them were 25 mm or larger. In 2 patients, degenerated tissue valves were replaced with mechanical valves after 110 and 33 months. At present, all patients are in New York Heart Association Functional Class I. One female patient married and delivered a normal child approximately five years after AVR with a Carpentier-Edwards valve plus aortoventriculoplasty; she never received anticoagulant medications. We conclude that AVR with a concomitant Konno aortoventriculoplasty can be safely performed in the pediatric and young-adult age groups with satisfactory results for up to ten years. PMID:3592829

Fleming, W H; Sarafian, L B

1987-06-01

144

Experimental Escherichia coli epididymitis in rats: assessment of testicular involvement in a long-term follow-up.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to investigate spermatogenesis and testicular inflammation in a rat model of unilateral Escherichia coli epididymitis in a long-term follow-up. Unilateral epididymitis was induced in 30 Sprague-Dawley rats by injecting E. coli into the right ductus deferens. Oral antimicrobial treatment with sparfloxacin (50 mg kg(-1) body weight/7 days) was administered in half of the animals 24 h after infection. Five treated and five untreated rats were killed at 2 weeks, 3 months and 6 months after infection. Spermatogenesis was investigated using a histological semi-quantitative score. The presence of inflammatory cells (B- and T lymphocytes, macrophages and granulocytes) in the testicular tissues was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. The testes were sterile at all times. Over the course of 6 months, spermatogenesis underwent significant incremental impairment on the inoculated side as compared to the contralateral side (P < 0.001). However, overall spermatogenesis scores were not significantly different between treated and untreated animals (P > 0.3 at each time point). Finally, loss of testicular architecture on the inoculated side was not associated with any cellular inflammatory response. Thus, adjuvant therapies need to be studied, and research is necessary on how to prevent deterioration of testicular function in bacterial epididymitis. PMID:24528296

Pilatz, A; Ceylan, I; Schuppe, H C; Ludwig, M; Fijak, M; Chakraborty, T; Weidner, W; Bergmann, M; Wagenlehner, F

2015-03-01

145

Fecal Transplantation Treatment of Antibiotic-Induced, Noninfectious Colitis and Long-Term Microbiota Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is an effective treatment for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and is considered as a treatment for other gastrointestinal (GI) diseases. We followed up the relief of symptoms and long-term, over-a-year microbiota stabilization in a 46-year-old man, who underwent FMT for antibiotic-induced, non-CDI colitis nine months after being treated for CDI by FMT. Fecal and mucosal microbiota was analyzed before the second FMT and during 14 months after FMT by using a high-throughput phylogenetic microarray. FMT resolved the symptoms and restored normal GI-function. Microbiota analysis revealed increased bacterial diversity in the rectal mucosa and a stable fecal microbiota up to three months after FMT. A number of mucosa-associated bacteria increased after FMT and some of these bacteria remained increased in feces up to 14 months. Notably, the increased bacteria included Bifidobacterium spp. and various representatives of Clostridium clusters IV and XIVa, such as Clostridium leptum, Oscillospira guillermondii, Sporobacter termitidis, Anaerotruncus colihominis, Ruminococcus callidus, R. bromii, Lachnospira pectinoschiza, and C. colinum, which are presumed to be anti-inflammatory. The presented case suggests a possible role of microbiota in restoring and maintaining normal GI-functionality and improves our knowledge on the etiology of antibiotic-induced, noninfectious colitis.

Mattila, Eero; Jalanka, Jonna; de Vos, Willem M.; Arkkila, Perttu

2014-01-01

146

A long-term follow-up of 60 Lord total hip arthroplasties in rheumatic disease: a mean follow-up of 14 years  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study was to analyse the survivorship of 60 total hip arthroplasties using the cementless Lord prosthesis in 51 patients with inflammatory joint disease. Patients were operated on between the years 1985 and 1988. The mean follow-up time was 13.8 (4.0–18.6) years. During the follow-up, one deep infection was encountered, and seven patients died of causes unrelated to

C. C. Lybäck; C. O. Lybäck; A. Kyrö; H. J. Kautiainen; E. A. Belt

2006-01-01

147

Impact of body mass index on outcomes of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy with long-term follow-up.  

PubMed

Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of body mass index (BMI) on the functional and oncological results of patients who had undergone laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP). Material and methods. In total, 1224 patients with follow-up data (>24 months) were enrolled. Patients were divided into three groups according to BMI (kg/m(2)) as: group 1 (normal, BMI <25, n = 425), group 2 (overweight, 25 ?BMI <30, n = 594) and group 3 (obese, BMI ?30, n = 205). Demographic, intraoperative and postoperative data with oncological outcomes were recorded. The impact of obesity on those parameters was evaluated and statistical analyses were performed. Results. Mean age was 63.8 ± 6.1 years and mean follow-up was 43.1 ± 25.1 months (mean ± SD). There were 425 (34.7%) patients in group 1, 594 (48.5%) in group 2 and 205 (16.8%) in group 3. Operation time, clinical stage and estimated blood loss were significantly higher in group 3 than in the other groups (p < 0.001, p = 0.001 and p = 0.001, respectively). Bilateral nerve-sparing rate and bladder neck-sparing rate were significantly decreased in group 3 compared with the other groups (p = 0.001 and p < 0.038, respectively). Statistically significantly higher pathological stage, tumour volume, positive surgical margin and Gleason scores were determined in group 3 compared with the other groups (p = 0.023, p = 0.018, p = 0.009 and p = 0.028, respectively). There were similar urinary continence rates among the groups. The rate of penetration with or without medication was significantly lower in group 3 than in the other groups (p = 0.593 and p = 0.007, respectively). Conclusions. LRP seemed safe and effective in obese patients, with similar mean overall survival, cancer-specific survival, complication rates and continence rates to normal weight patients in the long term. PMID:25130508

Gözen, Ali Serdar; Akin, Yigit; Özden, Ender; Ates, Mutlu; Hruza, Marcel; Rassweiler, Jens

2015-02-01

148

A retrospective analysis of surgical treatment in patients with symptomatic hallux rigidus: long-term follow-up.  

PubMed

The objective of this retrospective study was to analyze the long-term clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction of operative care in patients with symptomatic hallux rigidus. Seventy-seven patients (94 feet) underwent cheilectomy, Keller resection arthroplasty, or arthrodesis between 1990 and 2000. All were invited to return for follow-up evaluation after a minimum of 2 years (mean, 7 years). The average patient age was 53 years (range, 22-77 years). Outcomes were assessed by questioning and examining the patients and by evaluating radiographs according to the Regnauld's classification system. Overall patient satisfaction was good; average visual analogue and American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) Hallux Metatarsophalangeal-Interphalangeal scores were 1.8 and 81, respectively. Eighty-seven percent stated they would undergo the same procedure again. After cheilectomy, the average visual analogue score was 1.4 for grade I and 2.3 for grade II, and rating scale scores were 87 and 82, respectively. There were comparable results for the Keller resection arthroplasty where visual analogue scores were 0.4 and 1.6, respectively, while AOFAS scores were 94 and 83, respectively. Average visual analogue scores and AOFAS scores in grade III patients after a Keller procedure and an arthrodesis were 2.3; 87 and 2.0; and 73, respectively. In the arthrodesis group, 4 patients required revision because of complications. Cheilectomy is a good choice for patients with grade I and II hallux rigidus because it is a safe and simple joint-preserving procedure. For end-stage hallux rigidus without preexistent metatarsalgia, the Keller procedure was favored over arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint. PMID:16818152

Beertema, Wieske; Draijer, Wiebe F; van Os, Johannes J; Pilot, Peter

2006-01-01

149

Posterior Scar Brachioplasty with Fascial Suspension: A Long-term Follow-up of a Modified Technique  

PubMed Central

Background: The traditional long medial arm incision with its resultant scar is not acceptable. The author presents his long-term experience in performing the posterior scar brachioplasty with fascial suspension. The technique is a modification described by other authors. The aim of the author is to demonstrate the reasons for the choice of the posterior scar technique with fascial suspension. Methods: Between 1999 and 2012, the posterior scar technique with fascial suspension was used to treat 205 patients with brachial deformities. Age at operation ranged between 21 and 66 years. All patients were examined, and the author reviewed their medical charts during the follow-up period (29–98 mo). A Likert scale and an evaluation questionnaire were used to assess the aesthetic outcome of the posterior scar brachioplasty technique. Results: All patients who underwent the posterior scar technique were free of postoperative contour deformities. Postoperatively, the scar was completely invisible when viewed from patient’s front and patient’s lateral but was partially visible when viewed from patient’s back. And 88.8% of patients tolerated the scar with high satisfaction. Conclusions: The current posterior scar maneuver with fascial suspension prevented the tension on the suture line and consequently prevented the widening of the scar and facilitated the modeling procedure by removing the appropriate amount of skin and subcutaneous tissues. It creates a low-lying, posterior, well-hidden scar when viewed from the patient’s front or patient’s lateral. The scar is partially (upper third) visible when viewed from patient’s back. The technique is avoiding injury to the sensory and motor nerves of the arm and decreases the insult to the lymphatic. PMID:25289232

2013-01-01

150

Long-term follow-up in two cases of intracranial Rosai–Dorfman Disease complicated by incomplete resection and recurrence  

PubMed Central

Background: Although intracranial Rosai–Dorfman disease is a principally benign lymphohistiocytosis, some patients run a relapsing or progressive course. However, reports about long-term follow-up are extremely rare. Case Description: In two patients, initial tumor resection was incomplete or followed by recurrences over 3 years, which finally subsided after application of chemotherapy, and patients remained tumor-free for more than 7 years thereafter. Conclusion: Up to now there is no agreement on how to treat complicated cases of intracranial Rosai–Dorfman disease; our good experience with adjuvant chemotherapy and long-term follow-up will contribute to treatment planning in complicated cases. PMID:24778918

Rivera, Diones; Pérez-Castillo, Miguelina; Fernández, Belkis; Stoeter, Peter

2014-01-01

151

Biological Aortic Valve Replacement. Long-Term Follow-Up and Predictors of Mortality, Rehospitalization and Reintervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Aortic valve replacement is the conventional procedure in aortic valve disease; neverthe- less, choosing the most suitable model of prosthesis is a complex decision. The use of novel biological models specially treated to reduce long-term structural deterioration has been encouraged, even in young populations. Objective To assess long-term survival of biological valve replacement, quality of life, rates of re-

FERNANDO PICCININI; JUAN M. VRANCIC; GUILLERMO VACCARINO; HERNÁN D. RAICH; JORGE THIERER; DANIEL O. NAVIA; Blanco Encalada

152

Long-term follow-up of persisting mixed chimerism after partially T cell-depleted allogeneic stem cell transplantation.  

PubMed

Using red cell phenotyping (RCP) and/or cytogenetics (CYT) we identified 19 patients with persisting mixed chimerism (MC) among 231 patients transplanted with partially T cell-depleted stem cell grafts from HLA-identical siblings. Persisting MC is defined as MC for more than 2 years in patients without any evidence of relapse. Median leukemia-free survival in these patients was 150 (range, 50-218) months. Diagnoses were ALL (n= 10); AML (n = 2); CML (n = 2); NHL (n = 2); MDS (n= 1); MM (n = 1) and SAA (n = 1). Purpose of this study was the long-term follow-up of MC and definition of patterns of chimerism in the various subsets of PBMCs and granulocytes. Using a PCR-STR technique CD3(+)/CD4(+) (T4 lymphocytes), CD3(+)/CD8(+) (T8 lymphocytes), CD45(+)/CD19(+) (B lymphocytes), CD45(+)/CD14(+) (monocytes), CD45(+)/CD15(+) (granulocytes) and CD3(-)/CD56(+) (NK-cells) were analyzed. The majority of patients with persisting MC were conditioned with a less intensive conditioning regimen and had little GVHD. Sequential monitoring of the chimerism resulted in a group of patients (n = 7) with very slow transient mixed chimerism that resulted in complete DC after median 7 years. Another nine patients had a relatively high percentage of persisting autologous cells for a median of 12 years and in three patients we observed a stable low percentage of autologous cells. Only two out of 19 patients (AML-CR1, CML-CP1) relapsed during follow-up. Both patients had a relatively high percentage of autologous cells. Chimerism in granulocytes and PBMC subsets was analyzed at a median of 8 years after SCT in nine patients. In five patients mixed chimerism simultaneously detected by RCP and CYT was associated with MC in all subsets. Within each individual patient the percentages of donor and recipient cells were very different between the different subsets. Two CML-CP1 patients were mixed chimera in only two subsets and in one patient these subsets represented pending relapse. In another two patients mixed chimerism with a very low number of autologous red cells was not found in the PBMCs because of the different sensitivity level of the RCP and the PCR-STR technique. We conclude that in patients with persisting mixed chimerism after partially T cell-depleted SCT a remarkable number of patients had lymphoid malignancies, the majority of the patients were conditioned with less intensive conditioning regimens and the mixed chimerism was not correlated with relapse. Chimerism in granulocytes and PBMC subsets did show great intra-individual differences in the subsets and these data correlated well with RCP and CYT data with the exception of the NK cells. PMID:11840258

Schaap, N; Schattenberg, A; Mensink, E; Preijers, F; Hillegers, M; Knops, R; Pennings, A; Boezeman, J; Geurts van Kessel, A; de Pauw, B; de Witte, T

2002-01-01

153

Long-Term Follow-Up After Successful Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt Placement in a Pediatric Patient with Budd-Chiari Syndrome  

SciTech Connect

Orthotopic liver transplantation is the standard of care in patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS), and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) has become an important adjunct procedure while the patient is waiting for a liver. No long-term follow up of TIPS in BCS patients has been published in children. We report successful 10-year follow-up of a child with BCS and iatrogenic TIPS dysfunction caused by oral contraceptive use.

Carnevale, Francisco Cesar, E-mail: fcarnevale@uol.com.br; Szejnfeld, Denis, E-mail: denis@cura.com.br; Moreira, Airton Mota [University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Service of Interventional Radiology, Instituto de Radiologia (Brazil); Gibelli, Nelson [University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Service of Pediatric Surgery, Instituto da Crianca Prof. Pedro de Alcantara (Brazil); Gregorio, Miguel Angel De [University of Zaragoza, Interventional Radiology Unit (Spain); Tannuri, Uenis [University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Service of Pediatric Surgery, Instituto da Crianca Prof. Pedro de Alcantara (Brazil); Cerri, Giovanni Guido [University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Service of Interventional Radiology, Instituto de Radiologia (Brazil)

2008-11-15

154

Long-term follow-up after successful transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt placement in a pediatric patient with Budd-Chiari syndrome.  

PubMed

Orthotopic liver transplantation is the standard of care in patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS), and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) has become an important adjunct procedure while the patient is waiting for a liver. No long-term follow up of TIPS in BCS patients has been published in children. We report successful 10-year follow-up of a child with BCS and iatrogenic TIPS dysfunction caused by oral contraceptive use. PMID:18756372

Carnevale, Francisco César; Szejnfeld, Denis; Moreira, Airton Mota; Gibelli, Nelson; De Gregório, Miguel Angel; Tannuri, Uenis; Cerri, Giovanni Guido

2008-01-01

155

Long-term follow-up of extracapsular cataract extraction and posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation in patients with uveitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThe objective of the study was to determine the long-term outcome of patients with uveitis who underwent extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) and posterior chamber intraocular lens (PCIOL) implantation.

Rohit Krishna; David M Meisler; Careen Y Lowder; Marc Estafanous; Robert E Foster

1998-01-01

156

Long-Term Follow-Up of Patients with Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance after Kidney Transplantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: Long-term data regarding kidney transplantation (KTx) patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) are scarce. We evaluated the long-term outcomes of these patients in a single-center retrospective study from the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn., USA. Methods: Patients who had an MGUS before transplant or developed one after KTx were selected. Monoclonal protein was screened as part of the

Harris V. K. Naina; Samar Harris; Angela Dispenzieri; Fernando G. Cosio; Thomas M. Habermann; Mark D. Stegall; Patrick G. Dean; Mikel Prieto; Robert A. Kyle; S. Vincent Rajkumar; Nelson Leung

2012-01-01

157

Long-term follow-up on use of pericardial graft in the surgical management of Peyronie's disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have previously reported on the use of Tutoplast® cadaveric pericardium as an alternative material for grafting the tunica albugineal defect after Peyronie's plaque excision with satisfactory results in 11 patients. We now review long-term outcomes in this cohort of men. Eleven patients with significant penile curvature interfering with sexual intercourse were evaluated after at least 12 months of conservative

S Leungwattanakij; TJ Bivalacqua; S Reddy; WJG Hellstrom

2001-01-01

158

Quality of Life in Long-Term, Disease-Free Survivors of Breast Cancer: a Follow-up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Women with breast cancer are the largest group of female survivors of cancer. There is limited infor- mation about the long-term quality of life (QOL) in disease- free breast cancer survivors. Methods: Letters of invitation were mailed to 1336 breast cancer survivors who had par- ticipated in an earlier survey and now were between 5 and 10 years after

Patricia A. Ganz; Katherine A. Desmond; Beth Leedham; Julia H. Rowland; Beth E. Meyerowitz; Thomas R. Belin

2002-01-01

159

Long-Term Follow-Up to a Randomized Clinical Trial of Multisystemic Therapy with Serious and Violent Juvenile Offenders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors examined the long-term criminal activity of 176 youths who had participated in either multisystemic therapy (MST) or individual therapy (IT) in a randomized clinical trial (C. M. Borduin et al., 1995). Arrest and incarceration data were obtained on average 13.7 (range = 10.2-15.9) years later when participants were on…

Schaeffer, Cindy M.; Borduin, Charles M.

2005-01-01

160

Long-term follow-up of Class II adults treated with orthodontic camouflage: A comparison with orthognathic surgery outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirty-one adults who had been treated with orthodontics alone for Class II malocclusions were recalled at least 5 years posttreatment to evaluate cephalometric and occlusal stability and also their satisfaction with treatment outcomes. The data were compared with similar data for long-term outcomes in patients with more severe Class II problems who had surgical correction with mandibular advancement, maxillary impaction,

Colin A. Mihalik; William R. Proffit; Ceib Phillips

2003-01-01

161

Long-term follow-up of Class II adults treated with orthodontic camouflage: A comparison with orthognathic surgery outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirty-one adults who had been treated with orthodontics alone for Class II malocclusions were recalled at least 5 years posttreatment to evaluate cephalometric and occlusal stability and also their satisfaction with treatment outcomes. The data were compared with similar data for long-term outcomes in patients with more severe Class II problems who had surgical correction with mandibular advancement, maxillary impaction,

Colin A. Mihalik; William R. Proffit; Ceib Phillips

162

Long-Term Outcomes of Children and Youth Accessing Residential or Intensive Home-Based Treatment: Three Year Follow up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study the long-terms outcomes of children and youth with severe mental health problems receiving residential treatment (RT) or an intensive home-based treatment (IHT) were reported. RT is 24-hour mental health intervention in a highly supervised and structured group living setting where individualized and related therapies are provided.…

Preyde, M.; Frensch, K.; Cameron, G.; White, S.; Penny, R.; Lazure, K.

2011-01-01

163

The Chronicity of Self-Injurious Behaviour: A Long-Term Follow-Up of a Total Population Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Self-injurious behaviour (SIB) is a relatively common problem for people with intellectual disabilities and it is known to be associated with various risk markers, such as degree of disability, sensory impairments, and autism (McClintock "et al." 2003). Less is known about its long-term course however. Method: The present study was…

Taylor, Lorne; Oliver, Chris; Murphy, Glynis

2011-01-01

164

Long-term follow-up of Class II adults treated with orthodontic camouflage: A comparison with orthognathic surgery outcomes  

PubMed Central

Thirty-one adults who had been treated with orthodontics alone for Class II malocclusions were recalled at least 5 years posttreatment to evaluate cephalometric and occlusal stability and also their satisfaction with treatment outcomes. The data were compared with similar data for long-term outcomes in patients with more severe Class II problems who had surgical correction with mandibular advancement, maxillary impaction, or a combination of those. In the camouflage patients, small mean changes in skeletal landmark positions occurred in the long term, but the changes were generally much smaller than in the surgery patients. The percentages of patients with a long-term increase in overbite were almost identical in the orthodontic and surgery groups, but the surgery patients were nearly twice as likely to have a long-term increase in overjet. The patients’ perceptions of outcomes were highly positive in both the orthodontic and the surgical groups. The orthodontics-only (camouflage) patients reported fewer functional or temporomandibular joint problems than did the surgery patients and had similar reports of overall satisfaction with treatment, but patients who had their mandibles advanced were significantly more positive about their dentofacial images. PMID:12637899

Mihalik, Colin A.; Proffit, William R.; Phillips, Ceib

2013-01-01

165

Long-term follow-up of pallidal deep brain stimulation in two cases of Huntington's disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundDeep brain stimulator (DBS) implantation has been shown to be effective in the treatment of various movement disorders including Parkinson's disease, essential tremor and dystonia. However, there is limited information regarding the potential use of DBS in Huntington's disease (HD). In this study, the authors present their findings on the long-term motor and neurocognitive results of two HD patients (patient

Gail A Kang; Susan Heath; Johannes Rothlind; Philip A Starr

2010-01-01

166

Long Term Follow-up of Vocational Education Graduates: A Study Based on Federal Income Tax Data.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study used federal income tax data to examine the long-term earning, unemployment, and interregional mobility patterns among 15,055 persons who graduated from 14 Ohio vocational education programs in 1979. Income data on the graduates' income earned during the 1983 tax year were also compared with U.S. Census Bureau data on 1983 Money Income of…

Ghazalah, I. A.

167

Long-term follow-up (10 to 17 years) after mustard repair for transposition of the great arteries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The management strategies of patients who underwent Mustard repair for transposition of the great arteries were changed in the 1970s: infants became eligible for direct surgical repair, so Blalock-Hanlon atrioseptostomy could be avoided, and cold cardioplegia was introduced for myocardial preservation. Data are lacking, however, regarding whether these changes have had positive effects on the long-term outcome. We therefore

Folkert Meijboom; Andras Szatmari; Jaap W. Deckers; Elizabeth M. W. J. Utens; Jos R. T. C. Roelandt; Egbert Bos; John Hess

1996-01-01

168

Risk of Aneurysm Recurrence in Patients With Clipped Cerebral Aneurysms Results of Long-Term Follow-Up Angiography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and Purpose—With many patients living long after microsurgical aneurysm clipping for subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and with the evolution of intravascular procedures as less invasive alternatives, knowledge of the long-term results of clipping is becoming important. Methods—Of 412 patients who underwent clipping of ruptured or unruptured cerebral aneurysms at our institution between 1976 and 1994 and who survived .3 years

K. Tsutsumi; Keisuke Ueki; Akio Morita; Masaaki Usui; Takaaki Kirino

2010-01-01

169

The phenotype and long-term follow-up in 11 patients with juvenile selenoprotein N1-related myopathy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The selenoprotein N1-related myopathies comprise rigid spine muscular dystrophy, the “classical” form of multiminicore disease, a desmin-related myopathy with Mallory body like inclusions and a form of congenital fiber-type disproportion. To define the phenotype and long-term clinical course in juvenile Selenoprotein N1-related myopathies 11 juvenile patients from eight families with SEPN1 mutations were assessed over a mean period of 7.2

Ulrike Schara; Wolfram Kress; Carsten G. Bönnemann; Nico Breitbach-Faller; Christoph G. Korenke; Gudrun Schreiber; Mechthild Stoetter; Ana Ferreiro; Maja von der Hagen

2008-01-01

170

Urological problems or fecal continence during long-term follow-up of patients with anorectal malformation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction  Anorectal malformations comprise a wide spectrum of diseases. The main concerns for the surgeon in correcting these anomalies\\u000a are bowel control, urinary control, and sexual function. The aim of this study was to evaluate fecal continence together with\\u000a additional urinary anomalies in patients with anorectal malformations (ARM) and determine which of them is more troublesome\\u000a for life quality in long-term

Emrah Senel; Fatih Akbiyik; Halil Atayurt; H. Tugrul Tiryaki

2010-01-01

171

Perceived chewing ability and need for long-term care in the elderly: a 5-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Increasing need for long-term care in older adults is expected with the ageing of Japan's population. The aim of the present study was to show the relationship between perceived chewing ability and long-term care needs for over 5 years in elderly persons. The chewing ability of 812 elderly persons living independently was evaluated at baseline using self-assessed masticatory ability, and it was classified into one of three categories: ability to chew all foods (good masticatory ability), ability to chew only slightly hard food (fair masticatory ability), and ability to only chew soft or pureed food (poor masticatory ability). Participants' care needs were then followed through Japan's long-term care insurance system for over 5 years. The log-rank test and Cox proportional hazard model were used to examine statistical differences in the frequency of care-needs certification between participants with good and fair or poor masticatory ability. Among participants aged 65-79 years, the frequency of care-needs certification was significantly higher in those with fair or poor masticatory ability than in those with good masticatory ability, and the relative hazard ratio was significantly higher in those with fair or poor masticatory ability than in those with good masticatory ability, after adjusting for age, gender, current employment status, educational background, social interaction, chronic medical conditions and dentition status. These relationships were not found among those aged 80-93 years. Impairment in perceived chewing ability may be associated with higher incidence of certification in Japan's long-term care insurance system among elderly persons aged 65-79. PMID:22506492

Moriya, S; Tei, K; Murata, A; Muramatsu, M; Inoue, N; Miura, H

2012-08-01

172

Long-term follow-up of pediatric sickle cell disease patients with abnormal high velocities on transcranial Doppler  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cerebral arteriopathy can be detected in children with sickle cell disease (SCD) by transcranial Doppler (TCD). Abnormally high velocities are predictive of high stroke risk, which can be reduced by transfusion therapy. We report the results of the screening of 291 SCD children followed in our center, including the clinical and imaging follow-up of 35 children with abnormal TCDs who

Françoise Bernaudin; Suzanne Verlhac; Lena Coïc; Emmanuelle Lesprit; Pierre Brugières; Philippe Reinert

2005-01-01

173

Long-Term Effectiveness of Behavioral versus Insight-Oriented Marital Therapy: A 4-Year Follow-Up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Obtained 4-year follow-up data regarding marital status and marital accord for 59 couples receiving either behavioral (BMT) or insight-oriented (IOMT) marital therapy in a controlled outcome study. Found no significant group differences between the two treatment conditions at termination or six-month followup; but by four-year followup, a…

Snyder, Douglas K.; And Others

1991-01-01

174

Long-term results using the straight tapered femoral cementless hip stem in total hip arthroplasty: a minimum of twenty-year follow-up.  

PubMed

We report the first long-term results of a prospective cohort study after total hip arthroplasty using the cementless Bicontact hip stem. Between 1987 and 1990, 250 total hip arthroplasties in 236 patients were performed using the cementless Bicontact hip stem. The average follow-up was 22.8 years (20.4-24.8) and average age at index surgery was 58.1 years. Eighty-one patients died and 9 were lost to follow-up. We noted 11 stem revisions revealing an overall Kaplan Meier survival rate of 95.0% (CI 95%: 91.1-97.2%). The average Harris Hip Score revealed 81 points (range 24-93). The Bicontact hip stem demonstrated high survival rates despite high ages and osteopenic changes, which are equivalent to other long-term reports of cementless stem fixation. PMID:24656056

Ateschrang, Atesch; Weise, Kuno; Weller, Siegfried; Stöckle, Ulrich; de Zwart, Peter; Ochs, Björn Gunnar

2014-08-01

175

Successful Treatment of Giant Basal Cell Carcinoma with Topical Imiquimod 5% Cream with Long Term Follow-up  

PubMed Central

The use of the topical Imiquimod 5% cream offers a noninvasive, nonsurgical, and an effective option for the treatment of primary small (<2 cm) superficial basal cell carcinoma (sBCC). However, reports about successful treatment of giant (>5 cm) BCC with topical Imiquimod 5% cream are rare. We present our experience in the treatment of two giant tumors (6 × 8 cm2, 5.2 × 4.2 cm2) of BCC on the face with Imiquimod 5% cream, 2 to 3 days/week for 12 weeks. Both the tumors were cured with clinical and pathological evidence, one with 6-year follow-up and the other with 3.5-year follow-up. PMID:25484387

Chun-Guang, M; Qi-Man, L; Yu-Yun, ZH; Li-Hua, CH; Cheng, Tiffany; Jian-De, H

2014-01-01

176

Long term follow up of idiopathic gingival enlargement associated with chronic periodontitis: A case report and review  

PubMed Central

Background: Idiopathic gingival enlargement is a rare condition characterized by massive enlargement of the gingiva. It may be associated with other diseases/conditions characterizing a syndrome, but rarely associated with periodontitis. Case Description: This case report describes an unusual clinical form of gingival enlargement associated with chronic periodontitis. Clinical examination revealed diffuse gingival enlargement. The lesion was asymptomatic, firm, and pinkish red. Generalized periodontal pockets were observed. Radiographic evaluation revealed generalized severe alveolar bone loss. Histopathological investigations revealed atrophic epithelium with dense fibrocollagenous tissue. Lesions healed successfully following extraction and surgical excision, and no recurrence was observed after 1 year follow-up but recurrence was observed at 3 and 5-years follow-up. Clinical Implications: Successful treatment of idiopathic gingival enlargement depends on proper identification of etiologic factors and improving esthetics and function through surgical excision of the over growth. However, there may be recurrence. PMID:23869135

Nagarale, Girish P.; Ravindra, S.; Thakur, Srinath; Setty, Swati

2013-01-01

177

Long-Term Follow-Up of Patients Immunized with AN1792: Reduced Functional Decline in Antibody Responders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Immunization of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) with synthetic amyloid-? peptide (A? 42) (AN1792) was previously studied in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 2a clinical trial, Study AN1792(QS-21)-201. Treatment was discontinued following reports of encephalitis. One year follow-up revealed that AN1792 antibody responders showed improvements in cognitive measures as assessed by the neuropsychological test bat- tery (NTB) and a

Bruno Vellas; R. Black; Leon J. Thal; Nick C. Fox; M. Daniels; G. McLennan; C. Tompkins; C. Leibman; M. Pomfret; Michael Grundman

2009-01-01

178

Long-term follow-up in a patient after pneumonectomy and SILASTIC prosthetic placement for unilateral pulmonary artery agenesis.  

PubMed

Unilateral pulmonary artery agenesis is an exceedingly rare condition. The authors report the case of a 9-year-old girl with unilateral pulmonary artery agenesis who presented with exertional hemoptysis. The patient underwent a right pneumonectomy with placement of an expandable. SILASTIC(R) (Dow Corning, Midland, MI) prosthesis in the right thorax. A 13-year follow-up is reported, and management of this condition is discussed. PMID:15213911

Nichol, Peter F; Decock, David; Noon, John; Gutenberger, James E

2004-07-01

179

Remission of nephrotic syndrome in type 1 diabetes: Long-term follow-up of patients in the Captopril Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1994, we reported a 3.4 ± 0.8 year follow-up of the eight patients who experienced remission of nephrotic syndrome during the Collaborative Study Group–sponsored, multicenter trial of captopril therapy in patients with type 1 diabetes with nephropathy (Captopril Study). Of the 409 patients randomized to treatment on the Captopril Study, 108 had nephrotic syndrome (24-hour proteinuria ? 3.5 g

William A. Wilmer; Lee A. Hebert; Edmund J. Lewis; Richard D. Rohde; Frederick Whittier; Daniel Cattran; Andrew S. Levey; Julia Breyer Lewis; Samuel Spitalewitz; Samuel Blumenthal; Raymond P. Bain

1999-01-01

180

Long-term follow-up of patients with spinal cord injury with a new ICF-based tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study design:To develop a computer program that supports the overview of a follow-up care process in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) in daily clinical practice.Objectives:To create a new electronic tool based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) that enables information to be registered and visualized, including the use of a net-diagram (‘spider’) to show a

R Spreyermann; H Lüthi; F Michel; M E Baumberger; M Wirz; M Mäder

2011-01-01

181

Long-term follow-up of the percutaneous treatment of hydatid cyst in the adrenal gland: a case report and review of the literature.  

PubMed

Although the most involved organs are liver and lung, hydatid cysts occur in adrenal glands, rarely, and constitute only 0.5% of hydatid cysts. Herein, we demonstrate and discuss, for the first time in the literature to the best of our knowledge, the radiological features of adrenal hydatid disease and evaluate the long-term results (57 months of follow-up) of the percutaneous treatment of hydatid cyst in the adrenal gland in a patient. PMID:19669833

Akhan, Okan; Canyigit, Murat; Kaya, Diana; Koksal, Ali; Akgoz, Ayca; Yucesoy, Cuneyt; Akinci, Devrim

2011-02-01

182

Axis I and II disorders as long-term predictors of mental distress: a six-year prospective follow-up of substance-dependent patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: A high prevalence of lifetime psychiatric disorders among help-seeking substance abusers has been clearly established. However, the long-term course of psychiatric disorders and mental distress among help-seeking substance abusers is still unclear. The aim of this research was to examine the course of mental distress using a six-year follow-up study of treatment-seeking substance-dependent patients, and to explore whether lifetime

Kjell Bakken; Anne Signe Landheim; Per Vaglum

2007-01-01

183

Efficacy of the Incredible Years Programme as an early intervention for children with conduct problems and ADHD: long-term follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background This study examined the long-term efficacy of the Incredible Years (IY) BASIC Parenting Programme delivered as a preventive intervention with parents of pre-school children who display signs of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and conduct problems.Families were followed up after the completion of a controlled trial with 11 Sure Start areas in North and Mid-Wales and North West England.

K. Jones; D. Daley; J. Hutchings; T. Bywater; C. Eames

2008-01-01

184

Long-Term Follow-Up of the Percutaneous Treatment of Hydatid Cyst in the Adrenal Gland: A Case Report and Review of the Literature  

SciTech Connect

Although the most involved organs are liver and lung, hydatid cysts occur in adrenal glands, rarely, and constitute only 0.5% of hydatid cysts. Herein, we demonstrate and discuss, for the first time in the literature to the best of our knowledge, the radiological features of adrenal hydatid disease and evaluate the long-term results (57 months of follow-up) of the percutaneous treatment of hydatid cyst in the adrenal gland in a patient.

Akhan, Okan [Hacettepe University Hospitals, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Canyigit, Murat, E-mail: mcanyigit@yahoo.com [Ankara Ataturk Education and Research Hospital, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Kaya, Diana; Koksal, Ali; Akgoz, Ayca; Yucesoy, Cuneyt [Bayindir Hospital, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Akinci, Devrim [Hacettepe University Hospitals, Department of Radiology (Turkey)

2011-02-15

185

Lessons Learned Through the Follow-up of the Long-Term Effects of OverExposure to an Ir192 Industrial Radiography Source in Bangladesh  

Microsoft Academic Search

An industrial radiographer was accidentally over-exposed while taking the radiograph of weld-joints of gas pipe-lines in 1985 in Bangladesh. Symptoms of high radiation exposure occurred immediately after the accident and skin erythema developed leading to progressive tissue deterioration. The consequences of this over-exposure is being followed up to assess the long-term effects of ionizing radiation on the victim. Progressive tissue

A. Jalil; G. Rabbani; M. K. Hossain; M. K. Alam; A. Koddus

2003-01-01

186

Psychological predictors of the recovery from mood or anxiety disorder in short-term and long-term psychotherapy during a 3-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Choice of optimal treatment length for psychiatric patients requires knowledge about the patients' pre-treatment suitability. This study compares the prediction of seven psychological suitability measures on changes in psychiatric symptoms in short- and long-term psychotherapy over a 3-year follow-up. The psychological suitability of 326 outpatients from the Helsinki Psychotherapy Study, aged 20-46 years, and suffering from mood or anxiety disorders, was assessed at baseline using the Suitability for Psychotherapy Scale (SPS) before randomly assigning them to solution-focused therapy, short-term or long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy. Psychiatric symptoms (Symptom Checklist-90 Global Severity Index) were assessed at baseline and seven times during follow-up. Three patient groups with different prognosis were found when a cumulative SPS score, summing up the values of the seven single suitability measures, was used to predict symptom development: patients with more good (4 or more) than poor values benefited more from short-term therapy, patients with more poor (4-6) than good values benefited more from long-term therapy, and patients with all seven values poor failed to benefit from either short- or long-term therapy. The SPS can apparently be applied before the start of treatment to predict the amount of therapy patients need to recover, although its suitability in therapies of different types needs to be confirmed. PMID:23123046

Laaksonen, Maarit A; Knekt, Paul; Lindfors, Olavi

2013-07-30

187

Exercise therapy may postpone total hip replacement surgery in patients with hip osteoarthritis: a long-term follow-up of a randomised trial  

PubMed Central

Background Exercise treatment is recommended for all patients with hip osteoarthritis (OA), but its effect on the long-term need for total hip replacement (THR) is unknown. Methods We conducted a long-term follow-up of a randomised trial investigating the efficacy of exercise therapy and patient education versus patient education only on the 6-year cumulative survival of the native hip to THR in 109 patients with symptomatic and radiographic hip OA. Results regarding the primary outcome measure of the trial, self-reported pain at 16?months follow-up, have been reported previously. Results There were no group differences at baseline. The response rate at follow-up was 94%. 22 patients in the group receiving both exercise therapy and patient education and 31 patients in the group receiving patient education only underwent THR during the follow-up period, giving a 6-year cumulative survival of the native hip of 41% and 25%, respectively (p=0.034). The HR for survival of the native hip was 0.56 (CI 0.32 to 0.96) for the exercise therapy group compared with the control group. Median time to THR was 5.4 and 3.5?years, respectively. The exercise therapy group had better self-reported hip function prior to THR or end of study, but no significant differences were found for pain and stiffness. Conclusions Our findings in this explanatory study suggest that exercise therapy in addition to patient education can reduce the need for THR by 44% in patients with hip OA. ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT00319423 (original project protocol) and NCT01338532 (additional protocol for long-term follow-up). PMID:24255546

Svege, Ida; Nordsletten, Lars; Fernandes, Linda; Risberg, May Arna

2015-01-01

188

Diagnosis and treatment of teeth with primary endodontic lesions mimicking periodontal disease: three cases with long-term follow ups  

PubMed Central

A tooth with primary endodontic disease that demonstrates a periodontal defect might be extracted because of misdiagnosis as severe periodontal disease or a vertical root fracture. The aim of this case report was to demonstrate the long-term survival of endodontically treated teeth, which had been initially considered unsavable. With meticulous evaluation including the patient's dental history, clinical and radiographic examinations, teeth with primary endodontic lesions could be differentiated and saved after proper root canal treatment. Pain history, vitality test, and radiographic examinations, as well as a general periodontal condition check with periodontal probing on an affected tooth, might be the key methods to differentiate endodontic pathosis from that of periodontal disease. PMID:24516831

Lim, Jae-Hyung; Lee, Ji-Hyun

2014-01-01

189

Maintenance of remission with infliximab in inflammatory bowel disease: Efficacy and safety long-term follow-up  

PubMed Central

AIM: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a long-term therapy with infliximab in Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) patients retrospectively. METHODS: The medical charts of 50 patients (40 CD and 10 UC), who received after a loading dose of 3 infliximab infusions scheduled re-treatments every 8 wk as a maintenance protocol, were reviewed. RESULTS: Median (range) duration of treatment was 27 (4-64) mo in CD patients and 24.5 (6-46) mo in UC patients. Overall, 32 (80%) CD and 9 (90%) UC patients showed a sustained clinical response or remission throughout the maintenance period. Three CD patients shortened the interval between infusions. Eight (20%) CD patients and 1 UC patient underwent surgery for flare up of disease. Nine out of 29 CD and 4 out of 9 UC patients, who discontinued infliximab scheduled treatment, are still relapse-free after a median of 16 (5-30) and 6.5 (4-16) mo following the last infusion, respectively. Ten CD patients (25%) and 1 UC patient required concomitant steroid therapy during maintenance period, compared to 30 (75%) and 9 (90%) patients at enrolment. Of the 50 patients, 16 (32%) experienced at least 1 adverse event and 3 patients (6%) were diagnosed with cancer during maintenance treatment. CONCLUSION: Scheduled infliximab strategy is effective in maintaining long-term clinical remission both in CD and UC and determines a marked steroid sparing effect. Long-lasting remission was observed following infliximab withdrawal. PMID:17876895

Caviglia, Renato; Ribolsi, Mentore; Rizzi, Marina; Emerenziani, Sara; Annunziata, Maria Laura; Cicala, Michele

2007-01-01

190

Left ventricular function in acute inflammatory peri-myocardial diseases – new insights and long-term follow-up  

PubMed Central

Background Until recently acute inflammatory peri-myocardial syndromes have been associated with global rather regional left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Recent advances in cardiac imaging with echocardiographic techniques and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) permit comprehensive evaluation of global and regional LV function. Our study was aimed to assess regional LV function in 100 patients with acute perimyocarditis, and correlate these findings with the clinical presentation. Methods We report on 100 patients with acute perimyocarditis admitted during 2008–2011, in whom LV function was assessed by semi-quantitative wall motion score analysis on conventional echo. Long-term mortality and recurrent hospitalization were also assessed. Results Wall motion score in 100 patients with acute perimyocarditis demonstrated a significant predominance of regional wall motion abnormalities in the infero-postero-lateral LV wall. These data correspond well with speckle tracking results of a subgroup of these patients published earlier. Recent MRI data show frequent late enhancement of contrast in the infero-lateral region of the LV in patients with perimyocarditis. These observations were useful in re-classification of our patients into one of the following groups: pure or predominant pericarditis, and pure or predominant myocarditis. Over a mean period of 37 months, there was no mortality. Though recurrent hospitalizations were rather frequent, no significant differences were observed among groups. Conclusions Regional wall motion abnormalities in the infero-postero-lateral segments of the LV are frequent in patients with acute perimyocarditis. Detailed echocardiographic examination early in the course of the disease should become a major factor in the clinical differentiation among the various clinical presentations of acute inflammatory peri-myocardial syndromes. The long-term outcome of these patients appears to be benign, though recurrent hospitalizations are not infrequent. PMID:23121688

2012-01-01

191

Long-term follow-up of cortisol awakening response in patients treated for stress-related exhaustion  

PubMed Central

Objectives Studies on hypothalamus–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis activity in stress-related exhaustion and burnout have revealed incongruent results, and few longitudinal studies on clinical populations have been performed. This study was designed to investigate differences in HPA axis activity between patients with stress-related exhaustion and healthy controls and to investigate longitudinal changes in HPA axis activity in the patient group as they entered a multimodal treatment programme. Design HPA axis activity was assessed through the cortisol awakening response (CAR). Salivary cortisol was sampled at awakening and after 15?min. Follow-up measurements were performed in the patient group after 3, 6, 12 and 18?months. Setting An outpatient clinic specialising in stress-related illness. Participants Patients with clinically diagnosed stress-related exhaustion (n=162) and healthy controls (n=79). Primary and secondary outcome measures The primary measure was CAR measured as the difference between the two salivary cortisol samples. Changes in CAR during follow-up were related to changes in symptoms of burnout, depression and anxiety. Results Patients showed similar CAR as the controls and their CAR did not change significantly during treatment. No association was found between CAR and symptom development during treatment. Conclusions The authors conclude that CAR does not seem to discriminate clinically defined patients with exhaustion from healthy controls and it appears not to change during treatment. CAR, measured as salivary cortisol, at awakening and after 15?min, is thus not a valid marker for stress-related exhaustion. PMID:22786949

Ljung, Thomas; Jonsdottir, Ingibjörg H

2012-01-01

192

[Recurrent right atrium thrombus in long term follow-up after repair of atrial septal defect; report of a case].  

PubMed

A 76-year-old woman with recurrent ball-like thrombus in right atrium after primary repair of atrial septal defect (ASD) and tricuspid annuloplasty was successfully treated by surgical resection and strict management of anticoagulation and antiarrhythmics. A routine follow-up echocardiography, 27 months after initial operation, showed a swinging ball mass looks like a myxoma in the right atrium. Intra-operative findings showed the mass attached the free wall of right atrium with a 5 mm stalk, which was far from the ASD patch, initial suture lines, and the tricuspid annulus. Histological examination revealed the round and smooth mass was thrombus. She was successfully discharged 13 days after the 2nd operation without any complaint. A postoperative laboratory check demonstrated normal coagulability. Despite the patient was prescribed warfarin potassium and aspirin, the follow-up echocardiography at 3 months showed a recurrent thrombus in the right atrium. However the strict anticoagulation therapy with warfarin potassium and aspirin induced thrombolysis and prevent any embolic event, 1 month later. It is important to continue a strict anticoagulant therapy and prevent arrhythmia to avoid recurrence thrombus. PMID:21766715

Uchida, W; Yoshikawa, M; Teramoto, C; Kawaguchi, O

2011-07-01

193

Long-term follow-up of ipilimumab-induced hypophysitis, a common adverse event of the anti-CTLA-4 antibody in melanoma.  

PubMed

Objective: Few data are published on the long-term follow-up of ipilimumab-induced hypophysitis, a cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 antibody. We characterized hypophysitis in terms of clinical signs, endocrinological profile, and imaging at diagnosis and during a long-term follow-up. Design and patients: Fifteen patients, treated for malignant melanoma and who presented ipilimumab-induced hypophysitis, were observed between June 2006 and August 2012 in Timone hospital, Marseille. Methods: Symptoms, pituitary function, and pituitary imaging at diagnosis of hypophysitis and during the follow-up were recorded. Results: 15 of 131 patients treated with ipilimumab (10 mg/kg in 11/15) or a placebo presented with hypophysitis (?11.5%) at 9.5 ± 5.9 weeks (mean ± SD) after treatment start, occurring in 66% after the third infusion. Main initial symptoms were headache (n=13) and asthenia (n=11). All patients but one had at least one hormonal defect: thyrotroph (n=13), gonadotroph (n=12), or corticotroph (n=11) deficiencies. None had diabetes insipidus. Pituitary imaging showed a moderately enlarged gland in 12 patients. Clinical symptoms improved rapidly on high-dose glucocorticoids (n=11) or physiological replacement doses (n=4). At the end of follow-up (median 33.6 months, range 7-53.5), corticotroph deficiency remained in 13 patients, 11 recovered thyrotroph and 10 gonadotroph functions. Pituitary imaging remained abnormal in 11 patients. Conclusion: Ipilimumab-induced hypophysitis is a common side-effect with frequent hormonal deficiencies at diagnosis. Usually, hormonal deficiencies improved, except for corticotroph function. Patients receiving these immunomodulatory therapies should be closely monitored especially by systematic baseline hormone measurements after the third infusion and remain at risk of adrenal insufficiency in the long-term. PMID:25416723

Albarel, Frédérique; Gaudy, Caroline; Castinetti, Frédéric; Carré, Tiphaine; Morange, Isabelle; Conte-Devolx, Bernard; Grob, Jean-Jacques; Brue, Thierry

2014-11-21

194

Immunohistochemical Expression of Platelet-Derived Growth Factor Receptors in Ovarian Cancer Patients with Long-Term Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

Introduction. The well-documented role of the PDGF system in tumor growth and angiogenesis has prompted the development of new biological agents targeting the PDGF system. The aim of the present study was to analyze the expression of the PDGF-receptors in ovarian cancer and to investigate its relation to histopathological parameters and long-term overall survival. Methods. The immunohistochemical expression of PDGFR-? and PDGFR-? was investigated in tumor and stromal cells in 170 patients with histologically verified epithelial ovarian cancer. Results. Almost half of the tumor specimens showed high expression of PDGFR-? and PDGFR-? in tumor cells (43% and 41%) and in stromal compartments (32% and 44%). There was a significant association between high expression of PDGFR-? and high expression of PDGFR-? in both tumor and stromal cells. Coexpression of PDGFR-? and PDGFR-? in stromal cells was seen more often in serous adenocarcinomas than in nonserous adenocarcinomas. No clear correlation between PDGFR expression and longterm overall survival or clinical parameters was found. Conclusions. PDGFR-? and PDGFR-? were expressed in a subset of ovarian carcinomas but did not show significant prognostic importance in this material. PMID:23094199

Madsen, Christine Vestergaard; Dahl Steffensen, Karina; Waldstrøm, Marianne; Jakobsen, Anders

2012-01-01

195

Long-term impact of interferon beta-1b in patients with CIS: 8-year follow-up of BENEFIT  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the long-term impact of early treatment initiation of interferon beta-1b (IFNB1b, Betaferon/Betaseron) in patients with a first event suggestive of multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods In the original placebo-controlled phase of BENEFIT, patients were randomised to IFNB1b 250??g or placebo subcutaneously every other day. After 2?years or diagnosis of clinically definite MS (CDMS), all patients were offered open-label IFNB1b treatment for a maximum duration of 5?years. Thereafter, patients were enrolled in an observational extension study for up to 8.7?years. Results Of the initial 468 patients, 284 (60.7%; IFNB1b: 178 (61.0% of the original arm), placebo: 106 (60.2% of original arm)) were enrolled in the extension study. 94.2% of patients were receiving IFNB1b. Patients originally randomised to IFNB1b had a reduced risk of developing CDMS by 32.2% over the 8-year observation period (HR 0.678; 95% CI 0.525 to 0.875; p=0.0030), a longer median time to CDMS by 1345?days (95% CI 389 to 2301), and a lower annualised relapse rate (0.196 (95% CI 0.176 to 0.218) versus 0.255 (95% CI 0.226 to 0.287), p=0.0012), with differences mainly emerging in the first year of the study. Cognitive outcomes remained higher in the early treated patients. EDSS remained low over time with a median of 1.5 in both arms. Conclusions These 8-year results provide further evidence supporting early initiation of treatment with IFNB1b in patients with a first event suggestive of MS. PMID:24218527

Edan, G; Kappos, L; Montalbán, X; Polman, C H; Freedman, M S; Hartung, H-P; Miller, D; Barkhof, F; Herrmann, J; Lanius, V; Stemper, B; Pohl, C; Sandbrink, R; Pleimes, D

2014-01-01

196

Clinical Features, Prothrombotic Risk Factors, and Long-Term Follow-Up of Eight Pediatric Moyamoya Patients  

PubMed Central

Background and Purpose The aim of this study was to elucidate the clinical features, prothrombotic risk factors, and outcome of pediatric Moyamoya patients. Methods Patients diagnosed with Moyamoya disease at a tertiary center between January 2000 and December 2006 were enrolled in this study. The clinical presentations, underlying diseases, prothrombotic risk factors, family history of thrombosis, radiological findings, treatment, and outcome of the patients were reviewed retrospectively. Results Eight patients with angiographically proven Moyamoya disease were identified, one of whom had neurofibromatosis type I and one had Down syndrome. The age at diagnosis varied between 19 months and 11 years (73.4±41.8 months, mean±SD). The follow-up period after diagnosis was 52.5±14.8 months. In six patients, the initial clinical presentation was hemiparesis. None of the patients had any identifiable prothrombotic factors. Despite medical and surgical treatment, three patients had recurrences and one died. Only two patients recovered without sequelae. Conclusions The value of prothrombotic risk factor evaluation appears to be limited in Moyamoya patients; the outcome for pediatric patients remains dismal. PMID:22787492

Tatl?, Burak; Sencer, Altay; Sencer, Serra; Ayd?n, Kubilay; Ayd?nl?, Nur; Çal??kan, Mine; Özmen, Meral; K?r??, Talat

2012-01-01

197

Urinary Symptom Flare in 712 {sup 125}I Prostate Brachytherapy Patients: Long-Term Follow-Up  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To describe the late transient worsening of urinary symptoms ('urinary symptom flare') in 712 consecutive prostate brachytherapy patients, associated predictive factors, association with rectal and urinary toxicity, and the development of erectile dysfunction. Methods and Materials: Patients underwent implantation between 1998 and 2003 (median follow-up, 57 months). International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) toxicity, and erectile function data were prospectively collected. Flare was defined as an increase in IPSS of >=5 and of >=8 points greater than the post-treatment nadir. The relationships between the occurrence of flare and the patient, tumor, and treatment characteristics were examined. The Cox proportional hazards method was used to test individual variables and the multivariate models. Results: The incidence of flare was 52% and 30% using the flare definition of an IPSS of >=5 and >=8 points greater than the postimplant nadir, respectively. Of the patients with symptoms, 65% had resolution of their symptoms within 6 months and 91% within 1 year. Flares most commonly occurred 16-24 months after implantation. On multivariate analysis, a greater baseline IPSS and greater maximal postimplant IPSS were the predictors of flare, regardless of the flare definition used. Androgen suppression was a predictor for fewer flares (IPSS >=5). Diabetes and prostate edema predicted for more frequent flares (IPSS >=8). Patients with flare had a greater incidence of RTOG Grade 3 urinary toxicity and RTOG Grade 2 or greater rectal toxicity. No association was found between erectile dysfunction and the occurrence of flare. Conclusion: Urinary symptom flare is a common, transient phenomenon after prostate brachytherapy. A greater baseline IPSS and maximal postimplant IPSS were the strongest predictive factors. Flare was associated with a greater incidence of late RTOG Grade 3 urinary toxicity and greater rate of late RTOG Grade 2 or greater rectal toxicity.

Keyes, Mira, E-mail: mkeyes@bccancer.bc.c [Provincial Prostate Brachytherapy Program, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Miller, Stacy; Moravan, Veronika; Pickles, Tom; Liu, Mitchell; Spadinger, Ingrid; Lapointe, Vincent; Morris, W. James [Provincial Prostate Brachytherapy Program, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, BC (Canada)

2009-11-01

198

Statin Use and Cognitive Function: Population-Based Observational Study with Long-Term Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

We aimed to evaluate the association between statin use and cognitive function. Cognitive function was measured with the Ruff Figural Fluency Test (RFFT; worst score, 0; best score, 175 points) and the Visual Association Test (VAT; low performance, 0–10; high performance, 11–12 points) in an observational study that included 4,095 community-dwelling participants aged 35–82 years. Data on statin use were obtained from a computerized pharmacy database. Analysis were done for the total cohort and subsamples matched on cardiovascular risk (N?=?1232) or propensity score for statin use (N?=?3609). We found that a total of 904 participants (10%) used a statin. Statin users were older than non-users: mean age (SD) 61 (10) vs. 52 (11) years (p<0.001). The median duration of statin use was 3.8 (interquartile range, 1.6–4.5) years. Unadjusted, statin users had worse cognitive performance than non-users. The mean RFFT score (SD) in statin users and non-users was 58 (23) and 72 (26) points, respectively (p<0.001). VAT performance was high in 261 (29%) statin users and 1351 (43%) non-users (p<0.001). However, multiple regression analysis did not show a significant association of RFFT score with statin use (B, ?0.82; 95%CI, ?2.77 to 1.14; p?=?0.41) nor with statin solubility, statin dose or duration of statin use. Statin users with high doses or long-term use had similar cognitive performance as non-users. This was found in persons with low as well as high cardiovascular risk, and in younger as well as older subjects. Also, the mean RFFT score per quintile of propensity score for statin use was comparable for statin users and non-users. Similar results were found for the VAT score as outcome measure. In conclusion, statin use was not associated with cognitive function. This was independent of statin dose or duration of statin use. PMID:25541708

Joosten, Hanneke; Visser, Sipke T.; van Eersel, Marlise E.; Gansevoort, Ron T.; Bilo, Henk J. G.; Slaets, Joris P.; Izaks, Gerbrand J.

2014-01-01

199

The Risks and Benefits of Long-term Use of Hydroxyurea in Sickle Cell Anemia: A 17.5 Year Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

A randomized, controlled clinical trial established the efficacy and safety of short-term use of hydroxyurea in adult sickle cell anemia. To examine the risks and benefits of long-term hydroxyurea usage, patients in this trial were followed for 17.5 years during which they could start or stop hydroxyurea. The purpose of this follow-up was to search for adverse outcomes and estimate mortality. For each outcome and for mortality, exact 95% confidence intervals were calculated, or tests were conducted at ? = 0.05 level (p-value <0.05 for statistical significance). Although the death rate in the overall study cohort was high (43.1%; 4.4 per 100 person-years), mortality was reduced in individuals with long-term exposure to hydroxyurea. Survival curves demonstrated a significant reduction in deaths with long-term exposure. Twenty-four percent of deaths were due to pulmonary complications; 87.1% occurred in patients who never took hydroxyurea or took it for <5 years. Stroke, organ dysfunction, infection and malignancy were similar in all groups. Our results, while no longer the product of a randomized study because of the ethical concerns of withholding an efficacious treatment, suggest that long-term use of hydroxyurea is safe and might decrease mortality. PMID:20513116

Steinberg, MH; McCarthy, WF; Castro, O; Ballas, SK; Armstrong, FD; Smith, W; Ataga, K; Swerdlow, P; Kutlar, A; DeCastro, L; Waclawiw, MA

2010-01-01

200

Acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction in a young patient with essential thrombocythemia: a case with long-term follow-up report  

PubMed Central

Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is a neoplastic proliferation of mature myeloid cells – in particular, megakaryocytes – leading to persistently elevated platelet count. Usual clinical presentation is related to an increase in the risk of hemorrhage and/or thrombosis. Management of ET consists of antiplatelet therapies – mainly aspirin and cytoreductive therapies. Coronary involvement in patients with ET is rare. The optimal treatment strategies for ET patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction remains unclear. Acute interventions like intracoronary thrombolytic therapy, angioplasty, and coronary-artery bypass grafting have been reported in such patients. However, several questions remain unanswered about the acute and long-term management of these patients. Herein, we report the case of a 47-year-old female who presented with acute myocardial infarction as the first clinical sign of ET, and also present the long-term follow-up of this patient. PMID:25093003

Bhat, Tariq; Ahmed, Mohammed; Baydoun, Hassan; Ghandour, Zahraa; Bhat, Alina; McCord, Donald

2014-01-01

201

Intensity-modulated radiotherapy versus radical prostatectomy in patients with localized prostate cancer: long-term follow-up  

PubMed Central

Background The objective of this work was to assess the overall survival, cause-specific survival and biochemical failure-free survival of a contemporary cohort of patients with localized prostate cancer (PCa) treated with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) or radical prostatectomy (RP). Methods We did a retrospective cohort study of our institution’s registry of patients undergoing either IMRT or RP between January 1999 and March 2010, and assessed Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA), age at diagnosis, Gleason score, and digital rectal examination. Two groups were separated according to RP or IMRT treatment and these groups were in turn divided into risk groups according to the D’Amico classification. Overall survival (OS), cause-specific survival (CSS), mortality from other causes (MOC), and biochemical disease-free survival (BDFS) were assessed. Results Twelve-hundred patients were included: 993 in the RP group and 207 in the IMRT group. The IMRT group had older age, PSA at diagnosis and a significantly higher percentage of cancer on the needle biopsy (p <0.001). Of the 207 patients who underwent IMRT, 54% presented comorbidities. Median follow-up was 91.7 months for the RP group and 76 months for the IMRT group. The OS at 5 and 7 was 96.2, and 93.7 for the RP group respectively and 88.4, and 83.1 for the IMRT group respectively (p <0.001). There were no significant differences in the CSS in relation to treatment received among the low- and high-risk groups, while in the intermediate-risk group, patients who underwent to RP had a higher CSS than patients who underwent IMRT (99.6% vs 94.1%, p?=?0.003). The IMRT group had a significantly better BDFS than the RP group (86.4% vs. 74.3%, respectively, p?=?0.016). Conclusions Patients treated with RP were significantly younger and had a better prognosis than patients treated using IMRT, and according to our results, RP had better outcomes in terms of OS while IMRT had greater MOC. Treatment modality did not affect the CSS. PMID:24209381

2013-01-01

202

Bone metastases in GEP-NET: response and long-term outcome after PRRT from a follow-up analysis  

PubMed Central

Bone metastases of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP NET) can be associated with pain and a poor prognosis. Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) has been shown to be effective against this tumor manifestation. This study represents an update of the therapeutic assessment of PRRT with 177Lu-octreotate in GEP NET patients with bone metastases focusing on potential predictors for impaired outcome and overall survival.We retrospectively analyzed a consecutive subgroup of n=68 patients with bone metastases (BM) of GEP NET treated with 177Lu-octreotate (4 intended cycles at 3 monthly intervals; mean activity per cycle, 8.1 GBq). Baseline characteristics, including age, performance status, tumor origin, tumor load, plasma chromogranin A (CgA), and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) were analyzed regarding the impact on tumor regression (modified M.D. Anderson criteria) and survival of the patients. Survival analyses were performed using Kaplan–Meier curves, log-rank test at a significance level of p <0.05, and Cox proportional hazards model for uni- and multivariate analyses. Median follow-up was 48 months. The observed response of BMs consisted of complete remission in 2 (2.9%), partial remission in 23 (33.8%), minor response in 8 (11.8%), stable disease in 26 (38.2%), and progressive disease in 8 (13.2%) patients. Median time-to-progression (TTP) of BMs and overall survival (OS) were 35 mo (95% CI: 25-45) and 51 mo (95% CI: 38-64), respectively. Patients with responding BMs survived significantly longer than other patients (median 56 mo vs. 39 mo, p=0.034). NSE >15 ng/ml (p=0.002) and Ki67 index >10% (p=0.008) were associated with shorter overall survival. BM of GEP NET are effectively controlled by PRRT with a long median progression-free survival of approx. 3 years. Non-regression of BM, high proliferation rate and increased plasma NSE at baseline are predictive of shorter survival. However, this study confirms that poor patient condition (Karnofsky-Index ?70%) and multifocality of BM (>10 lesions) do not affect outcome efficacy, further encouraging the use of PRRT in advanced bone metastatic disease. PMID:24116352

Sabet, Amir; Khalaf, Feras; Haslerud, Torjan; Al-Zreiqat, Abdullah; Sabet, Amin; Simon, Birgit; Pöppel, Thorsten D; Biersack, Hans-Jürgen; Ezziddin, Samer

2013-01-01

203

Bone metastases in GEP-NET: response and long-term outcome after PRRT from a follow-up analysis.  

PubMed

Bone metastases of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP NET) can be associated with pain and a poor prognosis. Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) has been shown to be effective against this tumor manifestation. This study represents an update of the therapeutic assessment of PRRT with (177)Lu-octreotate in GEP NET patients with bone metastases focusing on potential predictors for impaired outcome and overall survival.We retrospectively analyzed a consecutive subgroup of n=68 patients with bone metastases (BM) of GEP NET treated with (177)Lu-octreotate (4 intended cycles at 3 monthly intervals; mean activity per cycle, 8.1 GBq). Baseline characteristics, including age, performance status, tumor origin, tumor load, plasma chromogranin A (CgA), and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) were analyzed regarding the impact on tumor regression (modified M.D. Anderson criteria) and survival of the patients. Survival analyses were performed using Kaplan-Meier curves, log-rank test at a significance level of p <0.05, and Cox proportional hazards model for uni- and multivariate analyses. Median follow-up was 48 months. The observed response of BMs consisted of complete remission in 2 (2.9%), partial remission in 23 (33.8%), minor response in 8 (11.8%), stable disease in 26 (38.2%), and progressive disease in 8 (13.2%) patients. Median time-to-progression (TTP) of BMs and overall survival (OS) were 35 mo (95% CI: 25-45) and 51 mo (95% CI: 38-64), respectively. Patients with responding BMs survived significantly longer than other patients (median 56 mo vs. 39 mo, p=0.034). NSE >15 ng/ml (p=0.002) and Ki67 index >10% (p=0.008) were associated with shorter overall survival. BM of GEP NET are effectively controlled by PRRT with a long median progression-free survival of approx. 3 years. Non-regression of BM, high proliferation rate and increased plasma NSE at baseline are predictive of shorter survival. However, this study confirms that poor patient condition (Karnofsky-Index ?70%) and multifocality of BM (>10 lesions) do not affect outcome efficacy, further encouraging the use of PRRT in advanced bone metastatic disease. PMID:24116352

Sabet, Amir; Khalaf, Feras; Haslerud, Torjan; Al-Zreiqat, Abdullah; Sabet, Amin; Simon, Birgit; Pöppel, Thorsten D; Biersack, Hans-Jürgen; Ezziddin, Samer

2013-01-01

204

Lessons Learned Through the Follow-up of the Long-Term Effects of Over-Exposure to an Ir192 Industrial Radiography Source in Bangladesh  

SciTech Connect

An industrial radiographer was accidentally over-exposed while taking the radiograph of weld-joints of gas pipe-lines in 1985 in Bangladesh. Symptoms of high radiation exposure occurred immediately after the accident and skin erythema developed leading to progressive tissue deterioration. The consequences of this over-exposure is being followed up to assess the long-term effects of ionizing radiation on the victim. Progressive tissue deteriorations have already led to multiple surgeries and successive amputations of the finger-tips so far. Lessons learned from this accident are also reported in this paper.

Jalil, A.; Rabbani, G.; Hossain, M. K.; Alam, M. K.; Koddus, A.

2003-02-24

205

Helical computerized tomography and NT-proBNP for screening of right ventricular overload on admission and at long term follow-up of acute pulmonary embolism  

PubMed Central

Background Right ventricular dysfunction (RVD) in acute pulmonary embolism (APE) can be assessed with helical computerized tomography (CT) and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). Signs of RVD and elevated natriuretic peptides like NT-proBNP and cardiac troponin (TnT) are associated with increased risk of mortality. However, the prognostic role of both initial diagnostic strategy and the use of NT-proBNP and TnT for screening for long-term probability of RVD remains unknown. The aim of the study was to determine the role of helical CT and NT-proBNP in detection of RVD in the acute phase. In addition, the value of NT-proBNP for ruling out RVD at long-term follow-up was assessed. Methods Sixty-three non-high risk APE patients were studied. RVD was assessed at admission in the emergency department by CT and TTE, and both NT-proBNP and TnT samples were taken. These, excepting CT, were repeated seven months later. Results At admission RVD was detected by CT in 37 (59 %) patients. RVD in CT correlated strongly with RVD in TTE (p < 0.0001). NT-proBNP was elevated (? 350 ng/l) in 32 (86 %) patients with RVD but in only seven (27 %) patients without RVD (p < 0.0001). All the patients survived until the 7-month follow-up. TTE showed persistent RVD in 6 of 63 (10 %) patients who all had RVD in CT at admission. All of them had elevated NT-proBNP levels in the follow-up compared with 5 (9 %) of patients without RVD (p < 0.0001). Conclusions TTE does not confer further benefit when helical CT is used for screening for RVD in non-high risk APE. All the patients who were found to have RVD in TTE at seven months follow-up had had RVD in the acute phase CT as well. Thus, patients without RVD in diagnostic CT do not seem to require further routine follow-up to screen for RVD later. On the other hand, persistent RVD and thus need for TTE control can be ruled out by assessment of NT-proBNP at follow-up. A follow-up protocol based on these findings is suggested. PMID:22559861

2012-01-01

206

Heart rate reduction for 36 months with ivabradine reduces left ventricular mass in cardiac allograft recipients: a long-term follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Background Due to graft denervation, sinus tachycardia is a common problem after heart transplantation, underlining the importance of heart rate control without peripheral effects. However, long-term data regarding the effects of ivabradine, a novel If channel antagonist, are limited in patients after heart transplantation. Methods In this follow-up analysis, the resting heart rate, left ventricular mass indexed to body surface area (LVMI), tolerability, and safety of ivabradine therapy were evaluated at baseline and after 36 months in 30 heart transplant recipients with symptomatic sinus tachycardia versus a matched control group. Results During the study period, ivabradine medication was stopped in three patients (10% of total). Further analysis was based on 27 patients with 36 months of drug intake. The mean patient age was 53.3±11.3 years and mean time after heart transplantation was 5.0±4.8 years. After 36 months, the mean ivabradine dose was 12.0±3.4 mg/day. Resting heart rate was reduced from 91.0±10.7 beats per minute before initiation of ivabradine therapy (ie, baseline) to 81.2±9.8 beats per minute at follow-up (P=0.0006). After 36 months of ivabradine therapy, a statistically significant reduction of LVMI was observed (104.3±22.7 g at baseline versus 93.4±18.4 g at follow-up, P=0.002). Hematologic, renal, and liver function parameters remained stable during ivabradine therapy. Except for a lower mycophenolate mofetil dose at follow-up (P=0.02), no statistically significant changes in immunosuppressive drug dosage or blood levels were detected. No phosphenes were observed during 36 months of ivabradine intake despite active inquiry. Conclusion In line with previously published 12-month data, heart rate reduction with ivabradine remained effective and safe in chronic stable patients after heart transplantation, and also during 36-month long-term follow-up. Further, a significant reduction of LVMI was observed only during ivabradine therapy. Therefore, ivabradine may have a sustained long-term beneficial effect with regard to left ventricular remodeling in heart transplant patients. PMID:24235815

Doesch, Andreas O; Mueller, Susanne; Erbel, Christian; Gleissner, Christian A; Frankenstein, Lutz; Hardt, Stefan; Ruhparwar, Arjang; Ehlermann, Philipp; Dengler, Thomas; Katus, Hugo A

2013-01-01

207

Clinical and imaging predictors of 1-year and long-term mortality in light chain (AL) amyloidosis: a 5-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Light chain amyloidosis (AL) involves multiorgan failure induced by amyloidogenic light chain proteins, and is associated with high mortality. We aimed to identify clinical, laboratory, and imaging parameters that would predict 1-year and long-term AL mortality. Forty-four biopsy-proven AL patients (61.5 ± 12 years, 20 females) underwent clinical evaluation including laboratory assays, echocardiography, and contrast cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR, n = 31) prior to chemotherapy. Patients were prospectively followed for median duration of 62.7 months (interquartile range 35.5 months). Clinical and laboratory parameters were compared between 1-year survivors and nonsurvivors. Univariate Kaplan-Meier survival plots were calculated followed by stepwise logistic regression analysis to assess independent predictors of long-term survival. Eighteen (40.9 %) patients died within 1 year and an additional 10 subjects died during long-term follow-up. Patients who expired within 1 year presented with more advanced class of heart failure, higher alkaline phosphatase and uric acid, lower limb lead voltage on electrocardiography, shorter left ventricular ejection time (ET) on echocardiography, and a higher proportion of late gadolinium enhancement on CMR. On multivariable analysis, only ET ?240 ms on echocardiography (hazard ratio (HR) 5.07, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.83-14.1, P = 0.002) and New York Heart Association functional class II-IV presentation (HR 1.0058, 95 % CI 1.0014-1.0103, P = 0.01) were independent predictors of AL mortality. In conclusion, AL amyloidosis is associated with high 1-year and long-term mortality. Among clinical, laboratory, and imaging parameters tested, an echocardiographic finding of ET ?240 ms has independent and additive prognostic value to clinical heart failure evaluation in determining long-term survival of AL patients. This result may be important in the early identification of patients at risk. PMID:24141988

Migrino, Raymond Q; Harmann, Leanne; Christenson, Richard; Hari, Parameswaran

2014-11-01

208

Long-term follow-up of a randomized trial of family foundations: Effects on children's emotional, behavioral, and school adjustment.  

PubMed

This study examines long-term effects of a transition to parenthood program, Family Foundations, designed to enhance child outcomes through a strategic focus on supporting the coparenting relationship. Roughly 5 to 7 years after baseline (pregnancy), parent and teacher reports of internalizing and externalizing problems and school adjustment were collected by mail for 98 children born to couples enrolled in the randomized trial. Teachers reported significantly lower levels of internalizing problems among children in the intervention group compared with children in the control group and, consistent with prior findings at age 3, lower levels of externalizing problems for boys in the intervention group. Baseline level of observed couple negative communication moderated intervention effects for parent and teacher report of child adjustment and teacher report of school adjustment and adaptation. Effect sizes ranged from 0.40 to 0.98. Results indicate that relatively brief preventive programs for couples at the transition to parenthood have the capacity to promote long-term positive benefits for children's adjustment. Although we attended to missing data issues in several ways, high levels of attrition in this long-term follow-up study is a cause for caution. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25485672

Feinberg, Mark E; Jones, Damon E; Roettger, Michael E; Solmeyer, Anna; Hostetler, Michelle L

2014-12-01

209

Fetal Bovine Collagen Matrix in the Treatment of a Full Thickness Burn Wound: A Case Report With Long-Term Follow-Up.  

PubMed

The treatment of full thickness skin wounds commonly associated with large burns continues to represent a challenging clinical entity. The current treatment for large TBSA burns is split thickness autologous skin grafting; however, this treatment often results in poor textural durability, hypertrophic scarring, and fibrotic contractures. In this case report, the authors describe our experience and long-term follow-up results after the application of fetal bovine collagen (FBC) matrix (PriMatrix, TEI Biosciences, Boston, MA) to burn wounds clinically assessed as full thickness that healed without the need for subsequent skin grafting. The patient presented with 25% TBSA burns and was debrided and covered with FBC on postburn day 7. By postoperative day 12, the patient had large areas of reepithelialization distributed throughout the wound bed. By postoperative day 26, the patient had significantly more areas of wound closure and was discharged. Reepithelialization and repigmentation continued, and long-term follow-up after 26 months demonstrated complete reepithelialization and nearly complete repigmentation, without the appearance of contractures or hypertrophic scarring. This case report highlights the use of FBC as a scaffold capable of dermal regeneration and spontaneous reepithelialization with an excellent long-term functional and cosmetic outcome.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 License, where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially. PMID:25494213

Strong, Amy L; Bennett, Danielle K; Spreen, Elizabeth B; Adhvaryu, Dhaval V; Littleton, Jeffrey C; Mencer, Ernest J

2014-12-01

210

Short- and long-term recidivism prediction of the PCL-R and the effects of age: A 24-year follow-up.  

PubMed

We prospectively examined the short- and long-term prediction of several recidivism outcomes as a function of psychopathy and age in a sample of 273 Canadian federal inmates with an average 24 years postrelease follow-up. Offenders were rated using the original 22-item Hare Psychopathy Checklist (PCL: Hare, 1980) based on extensive archival file information, and the ratings were used to compute the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (Hare, 2003) and the 4 facet scores. PCL-R total scores and the Lifestyle and Antisocial facets, but not the Interpersonal and Affective facets, showed mostly small and some moderate predictive efficacy for general and nonviolent recidivism over 3-, 5-, 10-, and 20-year fixed follow-ups, and predicted violence recidivism at shorter follow-ups. Age at release was negatively correlated with all recidivism outcomes and follow-up periods for both high and low PCL-R rated offenders, and uniquely predicted all recidivism outcomes after controlling for the PCL-R using Cox regression survival analysis. Increased age was consistently linked to recidivism reduction even for psychopathic offenders. The results showed that both PCL-R scores and age contributed to the prediction of recidivism; however, the PCL-R facets made differential contributions that varied with the type of offense (violent vs. nonviolent) and follow-up time (shorter vs. longer). The results have implications for both risk assessment using the PCL-R and potentially for risk reduction interventions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25364945

Olver, Mark E; Wong, Stephen C P

2015-01-01

211

Feline double pigtail ureteric stents for management of ureteric obstruction: short- and long-term follow-up of 26 cats.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to determine the outcome of cats with ureteric obstruction managed with double pigtail ureteric stents and to document the incidence of lower urinary tract signs at long-term follow-up. Data were obtained retrospectively from the medical records (2009-2012) of 26 cats that underwent ureteric stent placement. Owners were contacted for follow-up, and a quality of life questionnaire completed. Survival to discharge after stent placement was 85% (22/26). Prevalence of postoperative uroabdomen necessitating further surgery was 15% (4/26). Stents were replaced 4-28 months after the initial surgery in four cats because of migration, fracture, encrustation causing luminal obstruction or sterile cystitis, respectively. Nine cats were alive at follow-up, which was 3-28 months after the original surgery. Nine cats had azotaemic chronic kidney disease and nine had signs related to sterile cystitis; three of these cats were euthanased as a result of the severity of the signs. Preoperative serum creatinine of the survivors (9.4 mg/dl, n = 9) was not significantly different from that of the non-survivors (6.5 mg/dl, n = 13; P = 0.295). Quality of life was assigned a mean score of 8/10. Median survival of cats following discharge was 419 days (range 44-994 days). Signs consistent with sterile cystitis affected 35% of cats. It was concluded that ureteric stent placement in cats was associated with a 15% mortality rate before hospital discharge. Long-term management of ureteric stents is associated with a high rate of lower urinary tract signs. PMID:24782460

Kulendra, Nicola Jayne; Syme, Harriet; Benigni, Livia; Halfacree, Zoe

2014-12-01

212

Long-term HPV type-specific risks of high-grade cervical intraepithelial lesions: A 14-year follow-up of a randomized primary HPV screening trial.  

PubMed

Quantitative knowledge of the long-term human papillomavirus (HPV) type-specific risks for high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasias Grades 2 and 3 (CIN2 and CIN3) is useful for estimating the effect of elimination of specific HPV types and clinical benefits of screening for specific HPV types. We estimated HPV type-specific risks for CIN2 and CIN3 using a randomized primary HPV screening trial followed up for 14.6 years using comprehensive, nationwide registers. Poisson regression estimated cumulative incidences, population attributable proportions (PAR) and incidence rate ratios (IRRs) of high-grade lesions by baseline HPV type, with censoring at date of first CIN2/3 or last registered cytology. Multivariate analysis adjusted for coinfections. IRRs were highest during the first screening round, but continued to be high throughout follow-up (IRRs for CIN3 associated with high-risk (HR) HPV positivity were 226.9, 49.3, 17.7 and 10.3 during the first, second and third screening round and for >9 years of follow-up, respectively). Increased long-term risks were found particularly for HPV Types 16, 18 and 31 and for CIN3+ risks. HPV16/18/31/33 had 14-year cumulative incidences for CIN3+ above 28%, HPV35/45/52/58 had 14 year risks between 14% and 18% and HPV39/51/56/59/66/68 had risks <10%. HPV16 contributed to the greatest proportion of CIN2+ (first round PAR 36%), followed by Types 31, 52, 45 and 58 (7-11%). HPV16/18/31/33/45/52/58 together contributed 73.9% of CIN2+ lesions and all HR types contributed 86.9%. In summary, we found substantial differences in risks for CIN2 and CIN3 between different oncogenic HPV types. These differences may be relevant for both clinical management and design of preventive strategies. PMID:25043476

Smelov, Vitaly; Elfström, K Miriam; Johansson, Anna L V; Eklund, Carina; Naucler, Pontus; Arnheim-Dahlström, Lisen; Dillner, Joakim

2015-03-01

213

Long-term follow-up results in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents: results from a single high-volume PCI centre  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess both short-term and long-term prognosis in consecutive patients with coronary heart disease treated with drug-eluting stents in a high-volume percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) centre. Design Observational cohort study. Setting A hospital in the Henan province, China, between 2009 and 2011. Participants A total of 2533 patients were enrolled. Patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with urgent PCI accounted for 3.9% of cases; patients with STEMI treated with delayed PCI accounted for 20.5% of cases; patients with stable angina accounted for 16.5% of cases; and patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) accounted for 58.6% of cases. Primary outcomes Death, major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE: death/myocardial infarction/stroke), and target vessel revascularisation. Results Follow-up after a median of 29.8?months was obtained for 2533 patients (92.6%). The mortality rate during hospitalisation was highest in the urgent PCI group (p<0.001). During follow-up, although the incidences of death and MACCE were highest in the urgent PCI group, no significant differences were observed among the different groups. The incidences of cardiac death and myocardial infarction were significantly higher in the paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) group than in the sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) group. Independent predictors of death during follow-up were age, left ventricular ejection function <40%, diabetes mellitus, prior coronary artery bypass graft and chronic total occlusion. Conclusions PCI patients with STEMI had the worst hospital and long-term prognosis. The mortality rate after hospital increased markedly in patients with NSTE-ACS. SESs seem to be more effective than PESs. PMID:25113554

Yao, Hai-Mu; Wan, You-Dong; Zhang, Xiao-Juan; Shen, De-Liang; Zhang, Jin-Ying; Li, Ling; Zhao, Luo-Sha; Sun, Tong-Wen

2014-01-01

214

Long-term Evolution of Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis Treated by in Situ Fixation: A 26 Years Follow-up of 11 Hips  

PubMed Central

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SFCE) may lead to femoro acetabular impingement and long-term function impairment, depending on initial displacement and treatment. There are several therapeutic options which include in situ fixation (ISF). The objective of this study was to evaluate long-term functional and radiographic outcomes of patients with SFCE treated with ISF. We conducted a single-center, retrospective study evaluating the clinical and radiographic outcomes of SCFE in situ fixation with a mean follow-up of 26 years (10-47). Analysis of preoperative and last follow up radiographs was performed. The functional status of the hip was evaluated according to the Oxford hip score-12 and the radiographic osteoarthritis stage was rated according to Tönnis classification. Signs of femoro acetabular impingement were sought. Ten patients (11 hips) were included. The average initial slip was 33.5° (10-62). At final follow up, the average Oxford hip score was 19.3 (12-37), it was good for groups who had a small initial slip (16.7) or moderate (17) and fair for the severe group (27). Average Tönnis grade was 1.3 (0-3). The average alpha angle was 65.3° (50-80°). Femoro acetabular impingement was likely in 100% of patients with severe slip, in 50% of patients with moderate slip and in 33% of patients with a slight slip. In situ fixation generated poor functional results, substantial hip osteoarthritis and potential femoro acetabular impingement in moderate to severe SCFE’s. However, in cases with minor displacement, functional and radiographic results are satisfactory. The cut off seems to be around 30° slip angle, above which other treatment options should be considered. PMID:25002939

Murgier, Jérôme; de Gauzy, Jérôme Sales; Jabbour, Fouad C.; Iniguez, Xavier Bayle; Cavaignac, Etienne; Pailhé, Régis; Accadbled, Franck

2014-01-01

215

High-intensity focused ultrasound for the treatment of prostate cancer: A prospective trial with long-term follow-up.  

PubMed

Abstract Objective. High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a minimally invasive treatment for prostate cancer. Data from the literature show promising oncological outcomes with a favourable side-effect profile. The aim of this study was to re-evaluate and bring up to date the follow-up of a previously published, prospective trial on HIFU as the primary treatment for prostate cancer. Materials and methods. Between 2004 and 2007, 163 consecutive men with T1-T3N0M0 prostate cancer underwent HIFU with the Sonablate® 500. Follow-up included prostate-specific antigen (PSA) tests every 3 months after treatment and a random prostate biopsy at 6 months. Failure was defined according to positive findings at the 6 month biopsy and biochemical failure was defined according to the Phoenix criteria. Biochemical-free survival, metastasis-free survival and cancer-specific survival were calculated by Kaplan-Meier curves. Results. Median follow-up was 72.0 months. Of the 160 evaluable patients, 104 (65%) were biochemically disease free; in low- to intermediate-risk disease, on Kaplan-Meier analysis the 8 year biochemical-non-evidence of disease (bNED), metastasis-free survival and cancer-specific survival rates were 69.6%, 81.3%, 100% and 40.5%, 60.6%, 100%, respectively. A PSA nadir below 0.40 ng/ml and risk stratification have an independent predictive value for bNED and metastasis-free survival. Conclusions. A long-term favourable outcome of HIFU is associated with careful patient selection, with low- to intermediate-risk disease being the ideal case. A low postoperative PSA nadir is a predictor of long-term bNED. PMID:25485722

Mearini, Luigi; D'Urso, Leonardo; Collura, Devis; Nunzi, Elisabetta; Muto, Giovanni; Porena, Massimo

2014-12-01

216

Prophylactic efficacy of fluoxetine, escitalopram, sertraline, paroxetine, and concomitant psychotherapy in major depressive disorder: Outcome after long-term follow-up.  

PubMed

The acute efficacy of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) is well established; however their role in longer-term prevention of recurrence remains unconfirmed. This study aims at examining: the prophylactic efficacy of four commonly used SSRIs in MDD in a naturalistic setting with long-term follow-up, the effect of concomitant cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and the predictors of outcome. In a prospective cohort study, 387 patients who either remitted or responded following treatment with four different SSRIs-fluoxetine, escitalopram, sertraline and paroxetine-were followed up over several years. During an average follow-up period of 34.5 months, 76.5% of patients experienced MDD recurrence. Escitalopram and fluoxetine showed a numerically higher prophylactic efficacy than paroxetine and sertraline but the difference was statistically insignificant. The prophylactic efficacy for SSRI-only treatment was limited, with a recurrence rate of 82.0%, compared to 59.0% of patient recurrence rate in concomitant Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). The relatively small size of the CBT group and the lack of randomization may undermine the extrapolation of its findings to clinical practice. Nevertheless, the study preliminary data may help in defining the clinical utility of antidepressants and CBT in the prophylaxis from MDD recurrence. PMID:25496869

Peselow, Eric D; Tobia, Gabriel; Karamians, Reneh; Pizano, Demetria; IsHak, Waguih William

2015-02-28

217

Long-Term Survival and Dialysis Dependency Following Acute Kidney Injury in Intensive Care: Extended Follow-up of a Randomized Controlled Trial  

PubMed Central

Background The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) is increasing globally and it is much more common than end-stage kidney disease. AKI is associated with high mortality and cost of hospitalisation. Studies of treatments to reduce this high mortality have used differing renal replacement therapy (RRT) modalities and have not shown improvement in the short term. The reported long-term outcomes of AKI are variable and the effect of differing RRT modalities upon them is not clear. We used the prolonged follow-up of a large clinical trial to prospectively examine the long-term outcomes and effect of RRT dosing in patients with AKI. Methods and Findings We extended the follow-up of participants in the Randomised Evaluation of Normal vs. Augmented Levels of RRT (RENAL) study from 90 days to 4 years after randomization. Primary and secondary outcomes were mortality and requirement for maintenance dialysis, respectively, assessed in 1,464 (97%) patients at a median of 43.9 months (interquartile range [IQR] 30.0–48.6 months) post randomization. A total of 468/743 (63%) and 444/721 (62%) patients died in the lower and higher intensity groups, respectively (risk ratio [RR] 1.04, 95% CI 0.96–1.12, p?=?0.49). Amongst survivors to day 90, 21 of 411 (5.1%) and 23 of 399 (5.8%) in the respective groups were treated with maintenance dialysis (RR 1.12, 95% CI 0.63–2.00, p?=?0.69). The prevalence of albuminuria among survivors was 40% and 44%, respectively (p?=?0.48). Quality of life was not different between the two treatment groups. The generalizability of these findings to other populations with AKI requires further exploration. Conclusions Patients with AKI requiring RRT in intensive care have high long-term mortality but few require maintenance dialysis. Long-term survivors have a heavy burden of proteinuria. Increased intensity of RRT does not reduce mortality or subsequent treatment with dialysis. Trial registration www.ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00221013 Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary PMID:24523666

Gallagher, Martin; Cass, Alan; Bellomo, Rinaldo; Finfer, Simon; Gattas, David; Lee, Joanne; Lo, Serigne; McGuinness, Shay; Myburgh, John; Parke, Rachael; Rajbhandari, Dorrilyn

2014-01-01

218

Primary Infrarenal Aortic Stenting With or Without Iliac Stenting for Isolated and Aortoiliac Stenoses: Single-Centre Experience With Long-Term Follow-Up  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technical success, complications, long-term clinical outcome, and patency after primary infrarenal aortic stenting for aortic and aortoiliac stenosis. Between January 1999 and January 2006, 22 consecutive patients underwent endovascular treatment because of infrarenal aortic stenosis with and without common iliac stenosis (10 men; mean age 64 {+-} 14 years). Eleven (11 of 22) patients had an isolated aortic stenosis, whereas 11 of 22 had aortic stenosis that extended into the common iliac arteries (CIAs). Thirteen patients were Rutherford classification type 3, and 9 patients were type 4. Statistical analysis included paired Student t test and Kaplan-Meier life table analysis; p < 0.05 was considered significant. Technical and initial clinical success was achieved in all patients. There were three (14 %) procedure-related complications, which included two access-point pseudoaneurysms and one non-flow-limiting left external iliac dissection. Patients were followed-up for a mean period of 88 months (range 60-132). Mean preprocedure ankle brachial pressure indexes (ABPI) were 0.60 {+-} -0.15 (right) and 0.61 {+-} -0.16 (left). After the procedure they were 0.86 {+-} -0.07 (right) and 0.90 {+-} -0.09 (left). The increase in ABPI was significant (p < 0.05), and this continued throughout follow-up. Four (18 %) patients had recurrence of symptoms during follow-up. These occurred at 36, 48, 48, and 50 months after the original procedure. All four patients were successfully treated with repeat angioplasty procedures. There was a significant difference in primary patency between isolated aortic stenosis (100 %) and aortoiliac stenosis (60 %) (p = 0.031). Cumulative follow-up was 1920 months yielding a reintervention rate of 0.025/events/year. Primary stenting of infrarenal stenosis is safe and successful with a low reintervention rate. It should be considered as first-line treatment for patients with infrarenal aortic stenotic disease.

Tapping, C. R.; Ahmed, M.; Scott, P. M.; Lakshminarayan, R.; Robinson, G. J.; Ettles, D. F.; Shrivastava, V., E-mail: vivek.shrivastava@hey.nhs.uk [Hull Royal Infirmary, Hull and East Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)

2013-02-15

219

Phosphocalcium ceramics are efficient in the management of severe acetabular loss in revision hip arthroplasties. A 22 cases long-term follow-up study.  

PubMed

Management of bone loss in revision total hip replacement remains a challenge. To eliminate any immunological or infectious problem and so to try to improve the long-term results obtained with allografts, the authors used synthetic ceramics as bone substitutes since 1995. We reviewed 13 of the patients of our study, we previously reported in 2005 (Schwartz and Bordei in Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 15: 191 2005), which was a prospective cohort of thirty-two cases of acetabular revision reconstruction, with a mean follow-up of 14.4 years yet (from 9 to 16 years). Clinical results were assessed according to Oxford scale and Postel and Merle d'Aubigne (PMA) scale. Since 2005, no specific complications were noted. The average PMA functional hip score was 14.9 (vs. 9.2 before revision) at follow-up over 9 years. Nine patients still alive in 2013 were seen again by a surgeon, which was not the operator, with a mean follow-up of 15.3 years: Their Oxford average score was 40.3. Radiological assessment affirmed a good integration of the substitutes in bone without any edging in all cases. A progressive invasion of the ceramics by bone can be seen on the X-ray. We conclude that about 15 years of average delay, which is a significant follow-up in orthopedic surgery, the outcomes without specific complications are satisfactory and allow one to go with these materials in total hip revision surgery. PMID:24816824

Schwartz, C; Vautrin, M

2015-02-01

220

Long-term follow-up of a young adult patient with a Class II malocclusion treated with a Herbst appliance.  

PubMed

A 13-year, 9-month-old girl presented with the chief complaint of crowding and protrusion of her anterior teeth. She was dolichofacial with a Class II Division 1 occlusion and had reached the final phase of her skeletal growth. Clinical symptoms and tomograms were indicative of a TMJ dysfunction. Because orthognathic surgery was not accepted by the patient and her parents, a Herbst appliance became the choice of treatment. An optimal occlusion and a good facial appearance were achieved after 24 months of treatment. TMJ tomograms at the end of treatment showed a more physiologic condylar position. Long-term follow-up 7 years after the end of treatment showed a very stable occlusion and an acceptable facial appearance. PMID:19885428

Schiavoni, Raffaele; Grenga, Vittorio

2009-01-01

221

NCI, NHLBI/PBMTC First International Consensus Conference on Late Effects after Pediatric Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation: The Need for Pediatric Specific Long Term Follow-up Guidelines  

PubMed Central

Existing standards for screening and management of late effects occurring in children who have undergone hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) include recommendations from pediatric cancer networks and consensus guidelines from adult-oriented transplantation societies applicable to all recipients of HCT. While these approaches have significant merit, they are not pediatric-HCT focused and they do not address post-HCT challenges faced by children with complex non-malignant disorders. In this article we discuss the strengths and weaknesses of current published recommendations and conclude that pediatric-specific guidelines for post-HCT screening and management would be beneficial to the long-term health of these patients and would promote late-effects research in this field. Our panel of late effects experts also provides recommendations for follow up and therapy of selected post-HCT organ and endocrine complications in pediatric patients. PMID:22248713

Pulsipher, Michael A.; Skinner, Roderick; McDonald, George B.; Hingorani, Sangeeta; Armenian, Saro H.; Cooke, Kenneth R.; Gracia, Clarisa; Petryk, Anna; Bhatia, Smita; Bunin, Nancy; Nieder, Michael L.; Dvorak, Christopher C.; Sung, Lillian; Sanders, Jean E.; Kurtzberg, Joanne; Baker, K. Scott

2012-01-01

222

Clinical Outcome of HIV-Infected Patients with Sustained Virologic Response to Antiretroviral Therapy: Long-Term Follow-Up of a Multicenter Cohort  

PubMed Central

Background Limited information exists on long-term prognosis of patients with sustained virologic response to antiretroviral therapy. We aimed to assess predictors of unfavorable clinical outcome in patients who maintain viral suppression with HAART. Methods Using data collected from ten clinic-based cohorts in Spain, we selected all antiretroviral-naive adults who initiated HAART and maintained plasma HIV-1 RNA levels <500 copies/mL throughout follow-up. Factors associated with disease progression were determined by Cox proportional-hazards models. Results Of 2,613 patients who started HAART, 757 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. 61% of them initiated a protease inhibitor-based HAART regimen, 29.7% a nonnucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor-based regimen, and 7.8% a triple-nucleoside regimen. During 2,556 person-years of follow-up, 22 (2.9%) patients died (mortality rate 0.86 per 100 person-years), and 40 (5.3%) died or developed a new AIDS-defining event. The most common causes of death were neoplasias and liver failure. Mortality was independently associated with a CD4-T cell response <50 cells/L after 12 months of HAART (adjusted hazard ratio [AHR], 4.26 [95% confidence interval {CI}, 1.68–10.83]; P?=?.002), and age at initiation of HAART (AHR, 1.06 per year; 95% CI, 1.02–1.09; P?=?.001). Initial antiretroviral regimen chosen was not associated with different risk of clinical progression. Conclusions Patients with sustained virologic response on HAART have a low mortality rate over time. Long-term outcome of these patients is driven by immunologic response at the end of the first year of therapy and age at the time of HAART initiation, but not by the initial antiretroviral regimen selected. PMID:17183720

Gutierrez, Félix; Padilla, Sergio; Masiá, Mar; Iribarren, José A.; Moreno, Santiago; Viciana, Pompeyo; Muñoz, Leopoldo; Sirvent, José L. Gómez; Vidal, Francesc; López-Aldeguer, José; Blanco, José R.; Leal, Manuel; Rodríguez-Arenas, María Angeles; Hoyos, Santiago Perez

2006-01-01

223

Some cases of severe normal tissue toxicity can be anticipated with ablated fractionated radiation with appropriate long-term follow-up.  

PubMed

As new technologies have allowed physicians to both better image and characterize malignant disease as well as deliver radiation dose with high precision and accuracy, there has been a resurgence in interest in hypofractionated or even single-fraction radiation therapy schemas. Late-reacting tissues have a low alpha/beta ratio (compared with early reacting tissues) and are therefore more sensitive to increments in fraction size. When we hypofractionate, we may lose some of the biological advantages associated with fractionation while we may simultaneously increase our risk of damaging late-responding normal tissues. The ideal 4 R's for tumor cells are exactly opposite those 4 R's ideally desired for normal tissues, and this represents the major dilemma to the practicing radiation oncologist. The long-term safety profile for modern hypofractionated radiation schemes will depend on the area and volume treated, the total dose delivered, and the level of baseline function observed before initiating radiation therapy. These issues are raised in the context of hypofractionation for central nervous system malignancies, lung cancers, pelvic malignancies, head and neck cancers, and breast cancers. If we are careful when choosing the site (and most importantly the volume), it is likely that hypofractionation may benefit our patients. However, history has taught us to be very careful when using hypofractionation to large volumes or when incorporating critical structures. With appropriate long-term follow-up, some cases of severe normal tissue toxicity can be anticipated. Hypofractionation should continue to be studied in randomized clinical trials, with a particular focus on careful follow-up. PMID:18725108

Dolinsky, Christopher; Glatstein, Eli

2008-10-01

224

Late-onset secondary pigmentary glaucoma following foldable intraocular lenses implantation in the ciliary sulcus: a long-term follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Background To review the long-term outcomes of eyes with secondary pigmentary glaucoma associated with the implantation of foldable intraocular lenses (IOL) in the ciliary sulcus. Methods The study retrospectively reviewed a series of cases who developed secondary pigmentary glaucoma after cataract operations. Data were collected from cases that were referred between 2002 and 2011. Results Ten eyes of 10 patients who developed secondary pigmentary glaucoma after foldable IOLs implantation in the sulcus were included in this study. Intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation was present in 2 eyes (20%) within the first 2 weeks following the initial cataract operation. The onset of glaucoma was delayed in the other 8 eyes (80%); the average onset time in these eyes was 21.9?±?17.1 months after the initial cataract operation. Six eyes (60%) received surgical treatment because of large fluctuations and poor control of IOPs. Only 3 eyes (30%) achieved final visual acuities better than 20/40. Conclusion Secondary pigmentary glaucoma accompanying the implantation of a foldable IOL in the ciliary sulcus may present as acute IOP elevation during the early postoperative period or, more commonly, late onset of IOP elevation accompanied by advanced glaucomatous optic nerve damage. Despite treatment, the visual prognosis for these patients can be poor. Placing a foldable IOL in the ciliary sulcus could pose a threat to the vision of the patients and long-term follow-up of IOP in these patients is necessary. PMID:23758702

2013-01-01

225

Long-term follow-up of patients with severe ANCA-associated vasculitis comparing plasma exchange to intravenous methylprednisolone treatment is unclear.  

PubMed

Patients with antineutrophil cytoplasm antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV) requiring dialysis at diagnosis are at risk for developing end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or dying. Short-term results of a trial comparing plasma exchange (PLEX) to intravenous methylprednisolone (IV MeP) suggested PLEX improved renal recovery. Here we conducted long-term follow-up to see if this trend persisted. A total of 137 patients with newly diagnosed AAV and a serum creatinine over 500 ?mol/l or requiring dialysis were randomized such that 69 received PLEX and 68 received IV MeP in addition to cyclophosphamide and oral glucocorticoids. The patients were followed for a median of 3.95 years. In each group there were 35 deaths, while 23 PLEX and 33 IV MeP patients developed ESRD. The hazard ratio for PLEX compared to IV MeP for the primary composite outcome of death or ESRD was 0.81 (95% confidence interval 0.53-1.23). The hazard ratio for all-cause death was 1.08 with a subhazard ratio for ESRD of 0.64 (95% confidence interval 0.40-1.05). Thus, although short-term results with PLEX are encouraging, the long-term benefits remain unclear. Further research is required to determine the role of PLEX in AAV. Given the poor outcomes of patients with severe AAV, improved treatment is urgently needed. PMID:23615499

Walsh, Michael; Casian, Alina; Flossmann, Oliver; Westman, Kerstin; Höglund, Peter; Pusey, Charles; Jayne, David R W

2013-08-01

226

Long-term follow-up from a phase 1/2 study of single-agent bortezomib in relapsed systemic AL amyloidosis  

PubMed Central

CAN2007 was a phase 1/2 study of once- and twice-weekly single-agent bortezomib in relapsed primary systemic amyloid light chain amyloidosis (AL) amyloidosis. Seventy patients were treated, including 18 and 34 patients at the maximum planned doses on the once- and twice-weekly schedules. This prespecified final analysis provides mature response and long-term outcomes data after 3-year additional follow-up since the last report. In the once-weekly 1.6 mg/m2 and twice-weekly 1.3 mg/m2 bortezomib groups, final hematologic response rates were 68.8% and 66.7%; 80% of patients in each group sustained their response for ?1 year. One-year progression-free rates were 72.2% and 76.8%. Median overall survival (OS) was 62.1 months and not reached; 4-year OS rates were 75.0% and 63.0%. Low baseline difference in ?/? free light-chain level was associated with higher hematologic complete response rates and longer OS. At data cutoff, 40 (57%) patients had received subsequent therapy, including 19 (27%) retreated with bortezomib, 11 (58%) of whom achieved complete or partial hematologic responses. Four patients received prolonged bortezomib for between 3.5 and 5.6 years, with no new safety concerns, highlighting the feasibility of long-term therapy. Single-agent bortezomib produced durable hematologic responses and promising long-term OS in relapsed AL amyloidosis. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00298766. PMID:25202139

Hegenbart, Ute; Sanchorawala, Vaishali; Merlini, Giampaolo; Palladini, Giovanni; Bladé, Joan; Fermand, Jean-Paul; Hassoun, Hani; Heffner, Leonard; Kukreti, Vishal; Vescio, Robert A.; Pei, Lixia; Enny, Christopher; Esseltine, Dixie-Lee; van de Velde, Helgi; Cakana, Andrew; Comenzo, Raymond L.

2014-01-01

227

Long-term follow-up of deep brain stimulation of peduncolopontine nucleus in progressive supranuclear palsy: Report of three cases  

PubMed Central

Background: Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is a neurodegenerative disease due to mitochondrial dysfunction. The PSP syndrome presents generally with gait disorder, Parkinsonism, ophthalmoparesis and cognitive alteration. Few reports exist on deep brain stimulation (DBS) in patients with atypical Parkinsonism. The aim of our study was to evaluate further the potential role of DBS in PSP. Case Description: We report three patients with PSP with long-term follow up undergoing DBS. Two patients had right peripedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) stimulation and one patient had simultaneous right PPN and bilateral globus pallidus internus DBS. DBS of the PPN alone or combined with globus pallidus internus (GPi) determined an improvement in gait and a reduction in falls sustained over time. Combined target stimulation (GPi-PPN) was correlated with better clinical outcome than single target (PPN) DBS for PSP. Conclusions: Although few data on DBS for PSP exist, reported clinical results are encouraging. DBS might be considered as an alternative therapeutic option for patients with PSP presenting with relevant gait imbalance and frequent falls, who fail to respond to pharmacological treatment. Larger cohorts with longer follow-ups are needed to evaluate more exhaustively the efficacy of DBS in PSP. PMID:25289173

Servello, Domenico; Zekaj, Edvin; Saleh, Christian; Menghetti, Claudia; Porta, Mauro

2014-01-01

228

Clinical manifestations and long-term follow-up in pediatric patients living at altitude with an isolated pulmonary artery of ductal origin  

PubMed Central

Summary The study aim was to define the clinical manifestations and long-term outcome of pediatric patients living at altitude with isolated pulmonary artery of ductal origin. This was a retrospective cohort study of 17 consecutive cases of isolated pulmonary artery of ductal origin at a single center. All patients lived at modest altitude (median, range; 2050 m, 1700–3050 m). Fifteen children (88%) were symptomatic at presentation. High altitude pulmonary edema was present in 2 patients (12%) at diagnosis and only 1 patient had episodes of hemoptysis during follow-up. Fourteen patients (82%) demonstrated evidence of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Among 14 patients with PAH, 11 patients had surgical interventions. PAH resolved in 5 of 11 patients (45%) undergoing surgical rehabilitation. One patient died during follow-up and 7 patients are receiving oral vasodilator therapies due to residual PAH; 14 patients remained asymptomatic. Our study showed that early intervention in patients with isolated pulmonary artery of ductal origin at modest altitude can potentially rehabilitate the isolated pulmonary artery and reverse the PAH. Whether surgery is indicated for patients with this disorder in the absence of PAH is unknown. PMID:22430374

Takatsuki, Shinichi; Darst, Jeffrey; Das, Bibhuti B.; Fagan, Thomas E.; Wolfe, Robert; Ivy, David Dunbar

2012-01-01

229

Long-term follow-up of tailored behavioural treatment and exercise based physical therapy in persistent musculoskeletal pain: A randomized controlled trial in primary care.  

PubMed

This study examined long-term effects of a tailored behavioural treatment protocol (TBT), as compared with an exercise based physical therapy protocol (EBT). One-hundred and twenty-two patients who, due to persistent musculoskeletal pain, consulted physical therapists in primary care were originally randomized to either of the two conditions. Follow-up assessments two-year post-treatment were completed by 65 participants. According to per-protocol analyses, short-term effects were maintained in both groups for the primary outcome, pain-related disability. The TBT-group reported lower disability levels compared with the EBT-group. Intention-to-treat analyses (ITT) conveyed similar results. Secondary outcomes of pain intensity, pain control, and functional self-efficacy were maintained over the 2-year post-treatment, but previous group differences were levelled out according to the most conservative method of ITT. Fear of movement/(re)injury increased in the EBT-group, and EBT participants reported higher fear of movement/(re)injury two years post-treatment compared to TBT. The study supports tailoring of treatments in concordance with patients' needs and preferences of activity goals and functional behavioural analyses including predictors of pain-related disability, for successful immediate outcomes and their maintenance in the long run. Exercise-based treatments resulted in somewhat smaller immediate treatment effects but had similar maintenance of effects over the 2-year follow-up period. PMID:19268614

Senlöf, Pernilla; Denison, Eva; Lindberg, Per

2009-11-01

230

Long term follow up of 93 families with myeloproliferative neoplasms: life expectancy and implications of JAK2V617F in the occurrence of complications.  

PubMed

The long-term evolution of familial myeloproliferative neoplasms was studied in 93 families with 227 subjects including 97 with polycythemia vera (PV), 105 essential thrombocythemia (ET), 14 primary myelofibrosis (PMF) and 11 chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). In PV patients, with 12years of median follow-up, overall survival was 83% at 10years and 37% at 20years. A high JAK2(V617F) allele burden was correlated with the transformation to myelofibrosis (p<0.0001), but not with the transformation to acute leukemia. Among the 105 ET, with 8years of median follow-up, overall survival was 83% at 10years and 57% at 20years. Progression to acute leukemia and progression to myelofibrosis were 10% and 13%. There was a trend toward a more frequent evolution to myelofibrosis when the JAK2(V617F) mutated allele burden was >50% (p=0.09), but not to AML. Hematologic transformation of the MPN was responsible for 69% of the deaths, cerebral stroke for 7% and 4% died of myocardial infarction. Eleven JAK2(V617F) mutated patients developed 13 deep splanchnic thromboses in PV and ET. Finally whereas patients with familial PV and ET have a comparable prognosis to non-familial MPN, the JAK2(V617F) mutation was associated with a more frequent occurrence of thrombosis in the entire population. PMID:22818858

Malak, Sandra; Labopin, Myriam; Saint-Martin, Cecile; Bellanne-Chantelot, Christine; Najman, Albert

231

Childhood Immune Thrombocytopenia: Long-term Follow-up Data Evaluated by the Criteria of the International Working Group on Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura  

PubMed Central

Objective: Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a common bleeding disorder in childhood, characterized by isolated thrombocytopenia. The International Working Group (IWG) on ITP recently published a consensus report about the standardization of terminology, definitions, and outcome criteria in ITP to overcome the difficulties in these areas. Materials and Methods: The records of patients were retrospectively collected from January 2000 to December 2009 to evaluate the data of children with ITP by using the new definitions of the IWG. Results: The data of 201 children were included in the study. The median follow-up period was 22 months (range: 12-131 months). The median age and platelet count at presentation were 69 months (range: 7-208 months) and 19x109/L (range: 1x109/L to 93x109/L), respectively. We found 2 risk factors for chronic course of ITP: female sex (OR=2.55, CI=1.31-4.95) and age being more than 10 years (OR=3.0, CI=1.5-5.98). Life-threatening bleeding occurred in 5% (n=9) of the patients. Splenectomy was required in 7 (3%) cases. When we excluded 2 splenectomized cases, complete remission at 1 year was achieved in 70% (n=139/199). The disease was resolved in 9 more children between 12 and 90 months. Conclusion: Female sex and age above 10 years old significantly influenced chronicity. Therefore, long-term follow-up is necessary in these children. PMID:24764727

Evim, Melike Sezgin; Baytan, Birol; Güne?, Adalet Meral

2014-01-01

232

Long-term efficacy and safety of statin treatment beyond six years: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials with extended follow-up.  

PubMed

Large-scale randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have well demonstrated the beneficial effects of cholesterol-lowering treatment with statins in patients at high risk of vascular disease. However, large statin RCTs were usually restricted to the typical 5-6 years. Moreover, non-cardiovascular events, especially the risk of cancer, probably failed to emerge within a restricted period of 6 years. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of statin treatment by performing a meta-analysis of statin RCTs with extended follow-up beyond 6 years. Six RCTs with post-trial follow-up were eligible for inclusion, involving 47,296 patients with total follow-up ranging from 6.7 to 14.7 years. During the post-trial period, all the surviving participants were advised to take a statin and the cholesterol level were almost identical between the original statin group and the original placebo group. Over the entire 6.7-14.7 years of follow-up, a significant reduction in the rates of all-cause mortality (relative risk 0.90, 95% confidence interval 0.85-0.96; P=0.0009), cardiovascular mortality (0.87, 0.81-0.93; P<0.0001) and major coronary events (0.79, 0.72-0.86; P<0.00001) was observed in favour of the original statin group. During 2-year post-trial period, further reduction in all-cause mortality (0.83, 0.74-0.93; P=0.001), cardiovascular mortality (0.81, 0.69-0.95; P=0.01) and major coronary events (0.77, 0.63-0.95; P=0.01) was observed among initially statin-treated patients. Over the entire follow-up period, statin treatment did not increase the incidence of cancers (0.99, 0.95-1.04; P=0.79), deaths from cancers (1.00, 0.93-1.07; P=0.98) and non-cardiovascular mortality (0.95, 0.90-1.00; P=0.07). In conclusion, statin treatment beyond 6 years is effective and safe in patients at high risk of vascular events. Moreover, earlier treatment with statin may not only preserve the initial benefit but also have further survival benefit for additional 2 years. Further studies are called for to explore the underlying mechanisms. PMID:24602799

Lv, Han-lu; Jin, Dong-mei; Liu, Mo; Liu, Ying-mei; Wang, Jing-feng; Geng, Deng-feng

2014-03-01

233

Risk Factors for the Recurrence of the Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia-Report from the Long-Term Follow-Up Study of Japanese CDH Study Group.  

PubMed

Aim of the Study?Few follow-up studies focused on the recurrence regarding the postoperative course of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) survivors. The aim of this study was to report on risk factor for CDH patients who had the recurrence during the follow-up. Materials and Methods?A multicenter retrospective survey was conducted on neonates diagnosed to have CDH between January 2006 and December 2010. Follow-up survey was conducted between September 2013 and October 2013 (ethical approval: No. 25-222). Nine institutions agreed to participate in this survey. Out of 228, 182 (79.8%) patients were alive and 180 patients were included in this study. Two patients were excluded because the defect had not repaired at the primary operation. The patients were divided into the recurrence group (n?=?21) and the nonrecurrence group (n?=?159). Postnatal and postoperative variables were compared between these two groups. Baseline variables which showed significance in univariate analysis were entered into multiple logistic regression analysis for analyzing the recurrence. A value of p?follow-up. Five (2.8%) patients had the recurrence before primary discharge and 16 (8.9%) patients had the recurrence after discharge. Univariate analysis showed that liver herniation (crude odds ratio [OR], 7.4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.73-23.68), defect size C and D, proposed by the CDH Study Group (crude OR, 7.09; 95% CI, 2.73-19.99) and patch repair (crude OR, 5.00; 95% CI, 1.91-14.70) were risk factors. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed liver herniation (adjusted OR, 3.96; 95% CI, 1.01-16.92) was the risk factor for the recurrence. Conclusion?A wide spectrum of the disease severity and the rarity of the disease mask the risk of the recurrence for CDH patients. This study showed the only factor to predict the recurrence was the liver herniation. These data will be helpful for providing information for the long-term follow-up of the CDH patients. PMID:25526606

Nagata, Kouji; Usui, Noriaki; Terui, Keita; Takayasu, Hajime; Goishi, Keiji; Hayakawa, Masahiro; Tazuke, Yuko; Yokoi, Akiko; Okuyama, Hiroomi; Taguchi, Tomoaki

2015-02-01

234

Long-term sonographic and serological follow-up of inactive echinococcal cysts of the liver: hints for a "watch-and-wait" approach.  

PubMed

Human cystic echinococcosis is a chronic, complex and neglected infection. Its clinical management has evolved over decades without adequate evaluation of efficacy. Recent expert opinion recommends that uncomplicated inactive cysts of the liver should be left untreated and solely monitored over time ("watch-and-wait" approach). However, clinical data supporting this approach are still scant and published mostly as conference proceedings. In this study, we report our experience with long-term sonographic and serological follow-up of inactive cysts of the liver. From March 1994 to October 2013, 38 patients with 47 liver cysts, diagnosed as inactive without any previous treatment history, were followed with ultrasound and serology at 6-12 months intervals for a period of at least 24 months (median follow-up 51.95 months) in our outpatient clinic. In 97.4% of patients, the cysts remained inactive over time and in only one case was reactivation of the cyst detected. No complications occurred during the time of monitoring. During follow-up, serology tests for CE were negative at diagnosis or became negative in 74.1% and were positive or became positive in 25.9% of cases. Patients with inactive cysts on ultrasound but positive serological tests were also investigated by CT scan (chest and abdomen) to rule out extra-hepatic cyst localization. This study confirms the importance of a stage-specific approach to the management of cystic echinococcosis and supports the use of a monitoring-only approach to inactive, uncomplicated cysts of the liver. It also confirms that serology plays only an ancillary role in the clinical management of these patients, compared to ultrasound and other imaging techniques. The implications of these findings for clinical management and natural history of cystic echinococcosis are discussed. PMID:25122222

Piccoli, Luca; Tamarozzi, Francesca; Cattaneo, Federico; Mariconti, Mara; Filice, Carlo; Bruno, Antonella; Brunetti, Enrico

2014-08-01

235

HER2 and GATA4 are new prognostic factors for early-stage ovarian granulosa cell tumor-a long-term follow-up study.  

PubMed

Granulosa cell tumors (GCTs) carry a risk of recurrence also at an early stage, but reliable prognostic factors are lacking. We assessed clinicopathological prognostic factors and the prognostic roles of the human epidermal growth factor receptors (HER 2-4) and the transcription factor GATA4 in GCTs. We conducted a long-term follow-up study of 80 GCT patients with a mean follow-up time of 16.8 years. A tumor-tissue microarray was immunohistochemically stained for HER2-4 and GATA4. Expression of HER2-4 mRNA was studied by means of real time polymerase chain reaction and HER2 gene amplification was analyzed by means of silver in situ hybridization. The results were correlated to clinical data on recurrences and survival. We found that GCTs have an indolent prognosis, with 5-year disease-specific survival (DSS) being 97.5%. Tumor recurrence was detected in 24% of the patients at a median of 7.0 years (range 2.6-18 years) after diagnosis. Tumor stage was not prognostic of disease-free survival (DFS). Of the molecular prognostic factors, high-level expression of HER2, and GATA4, and high nuclear atypia were prognostic of shorter DFS. In multivariate analyses, high-level coexpression of HER2 and GATA4 independently predicted DFS (hazard ratio [HR] 8.75, 95% CI 2.20-39.48, P = 0.002). High-level expression of GATA4 also predicted shorter DSS (HR 3.96, 95% CI 1.45-12.57, P = 0.006). In multivariate analyses, however, tumor stage (II-III) and nuclear atypia were independent prognostic factors of DSS. In conclusion HER2 and GATA4 are new molecular prognostic markers of GCT recurrence, which could be utilized to optimize the management and follow-up of patients with early-stage GCTs. PMID:24687970

Färkkilä, Anniina; Andersson, Noora; Bützow, Ralf; Leminen, Arto; Heikinheimo, Markku; Anttonen, Mikko; Unkila-Kallio, Leila

2014-06-01

236

Solid Malignancies Among Patients with Wegener’s Granulomatosis Treated with Etanercept: Long-term Follow-up of a Multicenter Longitudinal Cohort  

PubMed Central

Purpose An association between therapeutic inhibition of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and solid malignancies was observed during the Wegener’s Granulomatosis Etanercept Trial (WGET). The present study was conducted to determine the malignancy risk beyond the exposure to study therapy. Methods The occurrence and type of solid malignancies were ascertained using a standardized data form. Data collected included vital status, histologic reports, and therapeutic interventions. The SEER database was used to estimate a standardized incidence rate (SIR) for solid malignancies. Results The median post-trial follow-up available for 153 patients (85% of the original cohort) was 43 months. Fifty percent of these patients had received etanercept. There were no differences in demographics between etanercept and placebo groups. Thirteen new solid malignancies were detected, 8 in the etanercept and 5 in the placebo group. The risk of solid malignancies in the etanercept group was increased compared to the general population (SIR=3.92; 95% CI 1.69–7.72), but not different from that of the placebo group (SIR=2.89; 95% CI 0.94–6.73, p=0.39). All solid malignancies occurred in patients exposed to cyclophosphamide. The overall duration of disease and a history of malignancy before trial enrollment were associated with the development of malignancy during post-trial follow-up. Conclusions The incidence of solid malignancy remained increased during long-term follow-up of the WGET cohort. However, this could not be attributed solely to etanercept exposure during the trial. Anti-TNF therapy with etanercept appears to further increase the risk of malignancy observed in patients with WG treated with cytotoxic therapy and should be avoided in such patients. PMID:21484770

Silva, Francisco; Seo, Philip; Schroeder, Darrell R.; Stone, John H.; Merkel, Peter A.; Hoffman, Gary S.; Spiera, Robert; Sebastian, Jodi K.; Davis, John C.; St. Clair, E William; Allen, Nancy B.; McCune, W Joseph; Ytterberg, Steven R.; Specks, Ulrich

2011-01-01

237

Long-term follow-up in adult patients with low-grade glioma (WHO II) postoperatively irradiated. Analysis of prognostic factors  

PubMed Central

Aim To report the long-term follow-up of a cohort of adult patients with LGG post-operatively irradiated in one institution, and to identify prognostic factors for progression free survival. Background There is little consensus about the optimal treatment for low-grade glioma (LGG), and the clinical management of LGG is one of the most controversial areas in neurooncology. Radiation therapy is one option for treatment of patients with LGG, whereas other options include postoperative observation. Materials and methods Between 1975 and 2005, 180 patients with LGG (WHO II) received postoperative irradiation after non radical (subtotal or partial) excision. Patients had to be 18 years of age or older, and have histologic proof of supratentorial fibrillary (FA), protoplasmic (PA) or gemistocytic astrocytoma (GA). Radiotherapy was given within 3–10 weeks after surgery. Treatment fields were localized and included the preoperative tumor volume, with a 1–2 cm margin, treated to a total dose of 50–60 Gy in 25–30 fractions over 5–6 weeks. Results Actuarial ten-year progression free survival (APFS) in the whole group was 19%. The worse prognosis was observed in patients with GA. Ten-year APFS rates for GA, PA and FA were 10%, 18% and 22%, respectively. Conclusion The findings from our long-term cohort of 180 patients with LGG confirmed by uni- and multivariate analysis demonstrated that only astrocytoma histology significantly determined the prognosis. The best survival was observed in patients with the fibrillary variant, and the worst for the gemistocytic one. PMID:24377015

Mucha-Ma?ecka, Anna; Gli?ski, Bogdan; Hetna?, Marcin; Jarosz, Magdalena; Urba?ski, Jacek; Fr?czek-B?achut, Beata; Dymek, Pawe?; Ma?ecki, Krzysztof; Chrostowska, Agnieszka

2012-01-01

238

Long-term follow-up of trapeziectomy with abductor pollicis longus tendon interposition arthroplasty for osteoarthritis of the thumb carpometacarpal joint  

PubMed Central

Purpose To evaluate the long-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of trapeziectomy with abductor pollicis longus tendon interposition arthroplasty for moderate to severe osteoarthritis of the thumb carpometacarpal joint (Eaton stages III-IV). Methods We evaluated 13 patients (15 thumbs) who underwent trapeziectomy and abductor pollicis longus tendon interposition arthroplasty for end-stage osteoarthritis of the thumb carpometacarpal joint, at an average follow-up of 15 years. Subjective clinical outcomes evaluated included visual analogue scale scores and disability of arm shoulder and hand score questionnaires. Objective clinical evaluation included lateral pinch and grip tests, and a range of active and passive thumb movements. All patients underwent a radiological assessment by two independent senior radiologists. Wherever possible, results obtained from the operated thumbs were compared to the non-operated side. Results At a mean of 15 years post operation (range 15–17 years), there was no statistical difference between the operated and non-operated hands with regards to grip and pinch strength. In all cases CMC and MCPJ range of motion in the operative hand was either equal to or greater than non-operative counterparts. Mean visual analogue scale score was 2.13 and mean DASH score was 16.85. Mean carpal height was 0.52 and mean trapezial space ratio was 0.163. There were no early or late complications recorded and no revision surgery was required. Conclusion It is the opinion of these authors that abductor pollicis longus tendon interposition arthroplasty is able to provide high-quality long-term results for patients who suffer from moderate to severe osteoarthritis of the thumb carpometacarpal joint. Level of evidence Therapeutic Level IV. PMID:24403751

Avisar, Erez; Elvey, Michael; Wasrbrout, Ziv; Aghasi, Maurice

2013-01-01

239

Efficacy of ursodeoxycholic acid in combination with interferon-alpha in treating chronic hepatitis C: results of a long-term follow-up trial.  

PubMed

Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) has recently been combined with interferon (IFN) in the treatment of individuals with chronic hepatitis C. However, whether its addition results in a long-term favourable response to IFN remains unclear. A prospective randomized trial of IFN alone versus IFN plus UDCA was therefore undertaken in 52 patients with chronic hepatitis C. All patients received a 24 week course of IFN-alpha (6 x 10(6) U/day for 2 weeks and then three times a week for 22 weeks) and half also received UDCA (600 mg/day) with IFN and then alone for 48 additional weeks. Normalization of serum alanine transaminase (ALT) concentrations at 0, 24 and 48 weeks after cessation of IFN therapy was apparent in 77, 42 and 42% of patients in the IFN-alone group and in 77, 54 and 42% of patients in the IFN plus UDCA group, respectively. There was no significant difference between the two groups with regard to response rate to IFN and the addition of UDCA to IFN treatment had no significant effect on hepatitis C virus (HCV) viraemia. During the follow-up period, 10 of 20 patients with normal serum ALT at the end of IFN treatment relapsed in the IFN-alone group compared with 11 of 20 patients in the IFN plus UDCA group. Among these relapsed patients, serum ALT concentration was significantly lower in the IFN plus UDCA group than in the IFN-alone group during the follow-up period. Twenty-four weeks after cessation of IFN therapy, the percentage of patients with HCV-RNA in their serum who showed a normalization of serum ALT concentrations was significantly higher in the IFN plus UDCA group than in the IFN-alone group (44 vs 6%). Thus, although the addition of UDCA was not associated with a favourable long-term response to HCV viraemia, it did reduce the risk and the severity of relapse following the cessation of IFN therapy. PMID:9034935

Tanaka, K; Kondo, M; Sakaguchi, T; Saito, S; Arata, S; Ikeda, M; Kitamura, T; Morimoto, M; Sekihara, H

1996-12-01

240

A phase II clinical trial of intensive chemotherapy followed by consolidative stem cell transplant: long-term follow-up in newly diagnosed mantle cell lymphoma.  

PubMed

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is associated with high relapse rates and poor survival when treated with conventional chemotherapy, with or without rituximab. We report the long-term follow-up of a phase II clinical trial using a new intensive multiagent chemotherapeutic regimen [cyclophosphamide, teniposide, doxorubicin and prednisone (CTAP) alternating with vincristine and high-dose methotrexate and cytarabine (VMAC)] in newly diagnosed MCL. Following 4-6 cycles of CTAP/VMAC induction, patients aged < or =65 years proceeded to consolidative autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT), while patients < or =55 years who had a HLA-identical sibling received allogeneic-HSCT (busulfan/cyclophosphamide conditioning for both). Twenty-five untreated MCL patients enrolled on the protocol between 1997 and 2002. Among evaluable patients, overall response rate (ORR) was 74% following induction chemotherapy. Seventeen patients received HSCT (autologous-13/allogeneic-4). On intent-to-treat analysis, ORR for patients who received consolidative HSCT was 100% (complete remission 76%). Therapy was well-tolerated with 4% treatment-related mortality (including HSCT). The 5-year event-free-survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) for all patients was 35% and 50% respectively. Furthermore, at 66-months median follow-up, the 5-year EFS and OS for patients who received consolidative auto-HSCT was 54% and 75% respectively. Patients who received auto-HSCT had improved outcomes compared to no auto-HSCT (EFS P = 0.001; OS P = 0.0002). CTAP/VMAC induction followed by consolidative auto-HSCT for newly diagnosed MCL is associated with high ORR and durable survival. PMID:18162124

Evens, Andrew M; Winter, Jane N; Hou, Nanjiang; Nelson, Beverly P; Rademaker, Alfred; Patton, David; Singhal, Seema; Frankfurt, Olga; Tallman, Martin S; Rosen, Steven T; Mehta, Jayesh; Gordon, Leo I

2008-02-01

241

EUCROMIC (European Collaborative Research on Mosaicism in Chorionic Villus Sampling): New initiatives concerning uniparental disomy research and long-term clinical follow-up  

SciTech Connect

Since 1986 the European collaborative study on mosaicism in chorionic villus sampling (CVS), based in Glostrup, Denmark. has been collecting cytogenetic and clinical data on pregnancies in which testing revealed mosaicism or fetal/extrafetal chromosomal discrepancies. From 1986-1992, data on 60,823 samples, including 751 mosaics and 241 nonmosaic discrepancies, was collected. This information has proven helpful in prenatal counseling, by indicating which chromosomes are most often involved in mosaicism, whether the latter is likely to be confirmed in the fetus and/or placenta, and the relationship of cytogenetic results obtained by different culture techniques to pregnancy outcome. Since December 1, 1993 the European collaborative study has been funded by the European Community and by the Swiss government as a concertation project, {open_quotes}EUCROMIC{close_quotes}, a step which has allowed enlargement of the database and broadening of the project goals. Forty-five genetics centers are currently involved in this effort to monitor not only CVS, but changing trends in prenatal diagnosis in Europe. Two ancillary projects, based in Geneva, were initiated in early 1993: long-term clinical follow-up of children born after CVS mosaicism, and a search for uniparental disomy (UPD) in these same children (as well as in abortuses). Clinical data is collected from the initial reporting centers via questionnaires; at the time of writing, clinical follow-up has been obtained for over 250 children liveborn after CVS mosaicism. UPD testing results are received from the individual centers; for those not having the possibility to do the parental origin analyses themselves, testing is offered in one of several EUCROMIC-UPD laboratories.

DeLozier-Blanchet, C.D.; Hahnemann, J.M.; Vejersley, L.O.

1994-09-01

242

Quality of life and pruritus in patients with severe sepsis resuscitated with hydroxyethyl starch long-term follow-up of a randomised trial  

PubMed Central

Introduction The effects of hydroxyethyl starch (HES) on patient-centered outcome measures have not been fully described in patients with severe sepsis. We assessed health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and the occurrence of pruritus in patients with severe sepsis randomized to resuscitation with HES 130/0.42 or Ringer's acetate. Methods We did post hoc analyses of the Danish survivors (n = 295) of the 6S trial using mailed questionnaires on self-perceived HRQoL (Short Form (SF) - 36) and pruritus. Results Median 14 months (interquartile range 10 to 18) after randomization, 182 (61%) and 185 (62%) completed questionnaires were obtained for the assessment of HRQoL and pruritus, respectively. Responders were older than nonresponders, but characteristics at randomization of the responders in the HES vs. Ringer's groups were comparable. At follow-up, the patients in the HES group had lower mental component summary scores than those in the Ringer's group (median 45 (interquartile range 36 to 55) vs. 53 (39 to 60), P = 0.01). The group differences were mainly in the scales of vitality and mental health. There was no difference in the physical component summary scores between groups, but patients in the HES group scored worse in bodily pain. Forty-nine percent of patients allocated to HES had experienced pruritus at any time after ICU discharge compared to 43% of those allocated to Ringer's (relative risk 1.13, 95% confidence interval 0.83 to 1.55, P = 0.43). Conclusions At long-term follow-up patients with severe sepsis assigned to resuscitation with HES 130/0.42 had worse self-perceived HRQoL than those assigned to Ringer's acetate whereas there were no statistically significant differences in the occurrence of pruritus. PMID:23531324

2013-01-01

243

Prognostic significance of transient ST segment changes after coronary artery bypass surgery: a long-term (4-10 year) follow up study.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To assess the long-term (four to 10 years) prognostic significance of transient ST segment changes on ambulatory ST segment monitoring after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). PATIENTS AND METHODS--76 patients (67 men, nine women) underwent CABG between 1982 and 1984 (n = 31) and between 1987 and 1988 (n = 45) and at a mean age of 57. All underwent 48 hours of ambulatory ST segment monitoring at a mean of 19 weeks after surgery. The results were available for assessment. All general practitioners were contacted and patients' notes reviewed. Patients were contacted by telephone. Details were recorded of intervening events (acute myocardial infarction, unstable angina, need for further revascularisation, and deaths). Event free survival curves were produced for those with and without transient ST segment changes during routine postoperative ambulatory ST segment monitoring. RESULTS--During 3213 hours of monitoring after CABG, 21 (27.6%) of 76 patients had transient ST segment changes, of which 70% were silent. Over a mean 70 month follow up period, patients with such ischaemic changes were no more likely to have either an objective (myocardial infarction or cardiac death) or subjective (unstable angina or another revascularisation) event than those patients without ischaemic changes. This finding was the same in patients operated on between 1987 and 1988 and between 1982 and 1984. CONCLUSIONS--Although ambulatory ST segment monitoring is becoming increasingly popular in some countries as a routine investigation for ischaemia in various coronary subgroups, the findings of such an investigation, when performed after CABG, do not help to identify a subgroup more likely to have an adverse outcome during up to 10 years of follow up. There seems to be no reason to perform this investigation after surgery, and particularly to refer patients for reinvestigation because of the detection of predominantly silent ST segment changes of uncertain relevance. PMID:8217441

Patel, D; Mulcahy, D; Curzen, N; Sullivan, A; Cunningham, D; Sparrow, J; Wright, C; Quyyumi, A; Fox, K

1993-01-01

244

Early detection of CIN3 and cervical cancer during long-term follow-up using HPV/Pap smear co-testing and risk-adapted follow-up in a locally organised screening programme.  

PubMed

We evaluated compliance with human papillomavirus (HPV) testing and risk-adapted patient pathways and monitored changes in high-grade cervical disease during long-term follow-up. Women aged >30 years attending routine screening for cervical cancer were managed according to results from first-round screening tests (cytology and high-risk HPV; Hybrid Capture 2). Between February 2006 and January 2011, 19,795 of 19,947 women agreed to participate, of whom 4,067 proceeded to a second screening round 5 years after recruitment. Predefined endpoints were compliance, grade 3 cervical intraepithelial neoplasia or cancer (CIN3+), new HPV infection, HPV persistence and abnormal smears in round 2. A total of 765 of 19,795 women (3.9%) in round 1 and 41 of 4,067 (1.0%) in round 2 were referred for colposcopy. Compliance rates with colposcopy were 93.1 and 92.7%, respectively, while histological assessment was performed in 680 of 712 (95.5%) and 36 of 38 (94.7%), respectively. CIN3+ rates were 172 of 19,795 (0.87%; 95% confidence intervals: 0.7-1.0) in round 1 and 2 of 4,064 (0.05%; 95% confidence intervals: 0.006-0.2) in round 2; the difference was statistically significant (Fisher's exact test, p<0.001). After 5 years, the incidence of new HPV infection was 124 of 3,906 (3.2%) and HPV persistence was observed in 22 of 161 (13.7%). Locally organised HPV/cytology co-testing is feasible and acceptable to women. Risk-adapted management rapidly detected a high rate of prevalent CIN3+, while the subsequent long-term risk of new high-grade cervical disease was surprisingly low. It remains unclear if this phenomenon is explained by CIN3 mostly occurring early in life or by modifying the natural course of HPV infection with colposcopy and histological assessment. PMID:24519782

Luyten, Alexander; Buttmann-Schweiger, Nina; Luyten, Katrin; Mauritz, Claudia; Reinecke-Lüthge, Axel; Pietralla, Martina; Meijer, Chris J L M; Petry, Karl Ulrich

2014-09-15

245

Efficacy of treatment and long-term follow-up of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis PCR-positive anurans following itraconazole bath treatment.  

PubMed

All anuran specimens in the Wildlife Conservation Society's collections testing positive for Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) were treated with itraconazole and then studied after treatment to assess the long-term effects of itraconazole and the drug's effectiveness in eliminating Bd carriers. Twenty-four individuals and eight colonies of 11 different species (75 total specimens) tested positive for Bd via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) on multicollection survey. All positive individuals and colonies were treated with a 0.01% itraconazole bath solution and retested for Bd via one of two PCR methodologies within 14 days of treatment completion, and all were negative for Bd. A total of 64 animals received secondary follow-up PCR testing at the time of death, 6-8 mo, or 12-15 mo post-treatment. Fourteen animals (14/64, 21.9%) were PCR positive for Bd on second follow-up. The highest percentage positive at second recheck were green-and-black poison dart frogs (Dendrobates auratus; 5/5 specimens, 100%), followed by red-eyed tree frogs (Agalychnis callidryas; 4/11, 36.4%), grey tree frogs (Hyla versicolor; 1/3, 33.3%), and green tree frogs (Hyla cinera; 3/11, 27.3%). Re-testing by PCR performed on 26/28 individuals that died during the study indicated 11/26 (42.3%) were positive (all via DNA extracted from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded skin sections). However, there was no histologic evidence of chytridiomycosis in any of 27/28 individuals. The small number of deceased animals and effects of postmortem autolysis limited the ability to determine statistical trends in the pathology data, but none of the necropsied specimens showed evidence of itraconazole toxicity. Problems with itraconazole may be species dependent, and this report expands the list of species that can tolerate treatment. Although itraconazole is effective for clearance of most individuals infected with Bd, results of the study suggest that repeat itraconazole treatment and follow-up diagnostics may be required to ensure that subclinical infections are eliminated in amphibian collections. PMID:23805558

Georoff, Timothy A; Moore, Robert P; Rodriguez, Carlos; Pessier, Allan P; Newton, Alisa L; McAloose, Denise; Calle, Paul P

2013-06-01

246

Liver Transplantation for Classical Maple Syrup Urine Disease: Long-Term Follow-Up in 37 Patients and Comparative United Network for Organ Sharing Experience  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess clinical and neurocognitive function in children who have undergone liver transplantation for classical maple syrup urine disease (MSUD). Study design A total of 35 patients with classical MSUD (age 9.9 ± 7.9 years) underwent liver transplantation between 2004 and 2009. Six patients donated their liver to recipients without MSUD (“domino” transplant). We analyzed clinical outcomes for our cohort and 17 additional cases from the national United Network for Organ Sharing registry; 33 patients completed IQ and adaptive testing before transplantation, and 14 completed testing 1 year later. Results Patient and graft survival were 100% at 4.5 ± 2.2 years of follow-up. Liver function was normal in all patients. Branched-chain amino acid levels were corrected within hours after surgery and remained stable, with leucine tolerance increasing more than 10-fold. All domino transplant recipients were alive and well with normal branched-chain amino acid homeostasis at the time of this report. Patient and graft survival for all 54 patients with MSUD undergoing liver transplantation in the United States during this period were 98%and 96%, respectively. One-third of our patients were mentally impaired (IQ ? 70) before transplantation, with no statistically significant change 1 year later. Conclusion Liver transplantation is an effective long-term treatment for classical MSUD and may arrest brain damage, but will not reverse it. PMID:21839471

Mazariegos, George V.; Morton, D. Holmes; Sindhi, Rakesh; Soltys, Kyle; Nayyar, Navdeep; Bond, Geoffrey; Shellmer, Diana; Shneider, Benjamin; Vockley, Jerry; Strauss, Kevin A.

2012-01-01

247

Ligation of the ovarian pedicles in dogs with a resorbable self-locking device--a long-term follow-up study.  

PubMed

A prospective clinical trial was performed to evaluate applicability, hemostatic efficiency, and long-term tissue reactions of a novel medical device. The device was made of polydioxanone and designed in principle as a cable-tie with a flexible band running through a locking case. It was tested for ligation of the ovarian pedicles during ovariohysterectomy in nine intact female dogs. The dogs were followed-up monthly by physical examination and ultrasonography of the abdomen for 5-12 months after surgery. Macroscopic and histological post mortem examinations were performed in two dogs 7 and 18 months after surgery. Hemostasis was achieved with the devices although 1 of the 18 devices needed further tightening during a reoperation. Ultrasonography revealed a hyperechoic device that caused acoustic shadowing, which decreased over time indicating gradual resorption. Post mortem examinations demonstrated adhesions and a local transient tissue reaction at site of the device. The results show that the device may be a future alternative for ligation of ovarian pedicles in dogs. PMID:22207604

Höglund, Odd V; Hagman, Ragnvi; Olsson, Kerstin; Carlsson, Carolina; Södersten, Fredrik; Lagerstedt, Anne-Sofie

2013-05-01

248

CARE-PARTNER: a computerized knowledge-support system for stem-cell post-transplant long-term follow-up on the World-Wide-Web.  

PubMed

Evidence-based practice in medicine promotes the performance of medicine based upon proven and validated practice. The CARE-PARTNER system presented here is a computerized knowledge-support system for stem-cell post-transplant long-term follow-up (LTFU) care on the WWW, which means that it monitors the quality of the knowledge both of its own knowledge-base and of its users. Its aim is to support the evidence-based practice of the LTFU clinicians and of the home-town physicians who actually care for the transplanted patients. Currently, three fundamental characteristics of CARE-PARTNER are accountable for its knowledge-support function: the quality of its knowledge-base, its availability on the WWW, and its learning from experience capability. As a matter of fact, the integration of a case-based reasoner in the reasoning framework enables the system to introspectively study its results, and to learn from its successes and failures, thus confronting the quality of the guidelines and pathways it reuses to the reality and complexity of the clinical cases. PMID:9929247

Bichindaritz, I; Siadak, M F; Jocom, J; Moinpour, C; Kansu, E; Donaldson, G; Bush, N; Chapko, M; Bradshaw, J M; Sullivan, K M

1998-01-01

249

CARE-PARTNER: a computerized knowledge-support system for stem-cell post-transplant long-term follow-up on the World-Wide-Web.  

PubMed Central

Evidence-based practice in medicine promotes the performance of medicine based upon proven and validated practice. The CARE-PARTNER system presented here is a computerized knowledge-support system for stem-cell post-transplant long-term follow-up (LTFU) care on the WWW, which means that it monitors the quality of the knowledge both of its own knowledge-base and of its users. Its aim is to support the evidence-based practice of the LTFU clinicians and of the home-town physicians who actually care for the transplanted patients. Currently, three fundamental characteristics of CARE-PARTNER are accountable for its knowledge-support function: the quality of its knowledge-base, its availability on the WWW, and its learning from experience capability. As a matter of fact, the integration of a case-based reasoner in the reasoning framework enables the system to introspectively study its results, and to learn from its successes and failures, thus confronting the quality of the guidelines and pathways it reuses to the reality and complexity of the clinical cases. Images Figure 4 Figure 5 PMID:9929247

Bichindaritz, I.; Siadak, M. F.; Jocom, J.; Moinpour, C.; Kansu, E.; Donaldson, G.; Bush, N.; Chapko, M.; Bradshaw, J. M.; Sullivan, K. M.

1998-01-01

250

Long-Term Outcome in Patients With Ductal Carcinoma In Situ Treated With Breast-Conserving Therapy: Implications for Optimal Follow-up Strategies  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To determine 20-year rates of local control and outcome-associated factors for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) after breast-conserving therapy (BCT). Methods and Materials: All DCIS cases receiving BCT between 1980 and 1993 were reviewed. Patient demographics and pathologic factors were analyzed for effect on outcomes, including ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) and survival. Results: One hundred forty-five cases were evaluated; the median follow-up time was 19.3 years. IBTR developed in 25 patients, for 5-, 10-, 15-, and 20-year actuarial rates of 9.9%, 12.2%, 13.7%, and 17.5%, respectively. One third of IBTRs were elsewhere failures, and 68% of IBTRs occurred <10 years after diagnosis. Young age and cancerization of lobules predicted for IBTR at <10 years, and increased slide involvement and atypical ductal hyperplasia were associated with IBTR at later time points. Conclusions: Patients with DCIS treated with BCT have excellent long-term rates of local control. Predictors of IBTR vary over time, and the risk of recurrence seems highest within 10 to 12 years after diagnosis.

Shaitelman, Simona F. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Wilkinson, J. Ben [Department of Radiation Oncology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Michigan (United States); Kestin, Larry L. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Ye Hong [Department of Radiation Oncology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Michigan (United States); Goldstein, Neal S. [Advanced Diagnostics Laboratory, Redford, Michigan (United States); Martinez, Alvaro A. [Michigan HealthCare Professionals, Pontiac, Michigan (United States); Vicini, Frank A., E-mail: fvicini@pol.net [Michigan HealthCare Professionals, Pontiac, Michigan (United States)

2012-07-01

251

Long term follow up of through-the-scope balloon dilation as compared to strictureplasty and bowel resection of intestinal strictures in crohn’s disease  

PubMed Central

Background & aims: Ileo-colonic strictures are common complication of Crohn’s disease (CD), and may result in repeated endoscopic or surgical therapy with a risk of further complications, such as perforation or short bowel syndrome. Strictures develop as a consequence of tissue remodelling and fibrosis due to chronic inflammation. This study compares the outcome of CD patients undergoing primarily endoscopic treatment with those undergoing surgery at an university hospital. Methods: In this study we retrospectively included 88 CD patients with intestinal strictures (37 males, 51 females, mean age 40 years, range 19-65 years) of both our medical and our surgical department, who underwent either surgical or endoscopic therapy between January 2002 and January 2006 with prospective, controlled follow-up, extended till January 2010 (mean follow-up period: 5 years; range 4-8 years). The primary end-point was operation- and symptom-free time. Patients were primarily divided into four groups: only surgical therapy, only endoscopic therapy, endoscopy with subsequent surgery, and initial surgical therapy followed by endoscopic dilations. Results: 53% of all patients remained surgery-free with mean follow-up of 49 months; a single endoscopic dilation was sufficient enough in 9 patients to achieve a surgery-free time of 51 months, other patients required up to 5 dilations. The average interval between first and second dilation was 6.5 months, between second and third 10.5 months. In the group of patients with only endoscopic therapy, surgery- and symptom-free time was shorter, as compared to the group of only surgical therapy. We found that stenoses in the surgical group with an average length of 6.5 cm were as expected longer, as compared to the endoscopic group (3 cm, ranging from 2-4 cm). The surgery-free time was 49 months (42-71 months, P = 0.723) with a symptom-free time of 12 months (4.5-46 months, P = 0.921). In the group of only surgically treated patients, 68.4% of the patients had only one stenosis, 18.4% had 2-3 stenoses and 13.2% more than 3 stenoses. In all patients the surgery- and symptoms- free time was 69 months (57-83 months, P = 0.850 and 0.908). The other two groups showed similar results. We found no significant effect of characteristic of stenosis (length, inflammation, the number of stenoses), injection of prednisolone, disease activity at the time of dilation and medication at the time of dilation on the long-term outcome. Importantly, the success of symptom free time correlated with the diameter of the balloon. Conclusions: Endoscopic dilation should be considered as a first-line therapy for short, accessible, fibrotic strictures. Careful patient selection and proper diagnostic imaging pre-procedure are essential requirements for safe and successful treatment. The balloon diameter seems to correlate positively with the long term outcome of dilation. However, at ever shorter intervals between endoscopic interventions, surgery should be discussed as an option for further treatment.

Krauss, Ekaterina; Agaimy, Abbas; Gottfried, Angelina; Maiss, Juergen; Weidinger, Thomas; Albrecht, Heinz; Hartmann, Arndt; Hohenberger, Werner; Neurath, Markus F; Kessler, Hermann; Mudter, Jonas

2014-01-01

252

Clinical Heterogeneity of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD): Definition of Sub-Phenotypes and Predictive Criteria by Long-Term Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

Background To explore clinical heterogeneity of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), viewed as a major obstacle to the interpretation of therapeutic trials Methodology/Principal Findings A retrospective single institution long-term follow-up study was carried out in DMD patients with both complete lack of muscle dystrophin and genotyping. An exploratory series (series 1) was used to assess phenotypic heterogeneity and to identify early criteria predicting future outcome; it included 75 consecutive steroid-free patients, longitudinally evaluated for motor, respiratory, cardiac and cognitive functions (median follow-up: 10.5 yrs). A validation series (series 2) was used to test robustness of the selected predictive criteria; it included 34 more routinely evaluated patients (age>12 yrs). Multivariate analysis of series 1 classified 70/75 patients into 4 clusters with distinctive intellectual and motor outcomes: A (early infantile DMD, 20%): severe intellectual and motor outcomes; B (classical DMD, 28%): intermediate intellectual and poor motor outcome; C (moderate pure motor DMD, 22%): normal intelligence and delayed motor impairment; and D (severe pure motor DMD, 30%): normal intelligence and poor motor outcome. Group A patients had the most severe respiratory and cardiac involvement. Frequency of mutations upstream to exon 30 increased from group A to D, but genotype/phenotype correlations were restricted to cognition (IQ>71: OR 7.7, 95%CI 1.6–20.4, p<0.003). Diagnostic accuracy tests showed that combination of “clinical onset <2 yrs” with “mental retardation” reliably assigned patients to group A (sensitivity 0.93, specificity 0.98). Combination of “lower limb MMT score>6 at 8 yrs” with “normal or borderline mental status” reliably assigned patients to group C (sensitivity: 1, specificity: 0.94). These criteria were also predictive of “early infantile DMD” and “moderate pure motor DMD” in series 2. Conclusions/Significance DMD can be divided into 4 sub-phenotypes differing by severity of muscle and brain dysfunction. Simple early criteria can be used to include patients with similar outcomes in future therapeutic trials. PMID:19194511

Desguerre, Isabelle; Christov, Christo; Mayer, Michele; Zeller, Reinhard; Becane, Henri-Marc; Bastuji-Garin, Sylvie; Leturcq, France; Chiron, Catherine; Chelly, Jamel; Gherardi, Romain K.

2009-01-01

253

Long-term oxygen therapy and quality of life in elderly patients hospitalised due to severe exacerbation of COPD. A 1 year follow-up study.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was (1) to evaluate the effects of long-term oxygen treatment (LTOT) in elderly patients with severe exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and hypoxaemia, (2) to study the health-related quality of life (QOL) during hospital stay and at follow-up, (3) to study the safety of an oxygen withdrawal test performed a few days after admission to hospital and the possibility to predict the future need for LTOT from that test. Patients > 70 years with COPD-exacerbations with hypoxaemia were included after 5-7 days treatment in hospital. Inclusion was based on results of a standardised oxygen withdrawal test. After 1, 3, 6 and 12 months a new oxygen withdrawal test was performed. Health-related QOL was evaluated with SF-36 and the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire at inclusion and after 3,6 and 12 months. Forty-seven patients were screened for participation and 29 patients, mean age 79 years, participated in the study. Only one patient could not tolerate the oxygen withdrawal test. Eighteen patients survived to the follow-up after 12 months, 8/19 women and 2/10 men died. After 1 month LTOTwas needed (PaO2 without oxygen was < or = 75 k Pa) in only 6/20 patients. The effect of LTOT could therefore not be studied. Most components of SF-36 were very low at inclusion, but tended to increase after 3 months and were among the surviving patients after 12 months similar to that of healthy people of the same age for psychic well being and functioning. Especially, the symptom score of the SGRQ improved after 3 months. In conclusion, the future need for LTOT cannot be judged after a few days treatment in hospital due to exacerbations with hypoxaemia in elderly patients with COPD. A standardised oxygen withdrawal test can be safely done. Health-related QOL is low in patients during the stay in hospital, but improves after returning home. PMID:12418593

Andersson, Ingalill; Johansson, Kerstin; Larsson, Sven; Pehrsson, Kerstin

2002-11-01

254

Good Quality of Life in Former Buruli Ulcer Patients with Small Lesions: Long-Term Follow-up of the BURULICO Trial  

PubMed Central

Background Buruli Ulcer is a tropical skin disease caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans, which, due to scarring and contractures can lead to stigma and functional limitations. However, recent advances in treatment, combined with increased public health efforts have the potential to significantly improve disease outcome. Objectives To study the Quality of Life (QoL) of former Buruli Ulcer patients who, in the context of a randomized controlled trial, reported early with small lesions (cross-sectional diameter <10 cm), and received a full course of antibiotic treatment. Methods 127 Participants of the BURULICO drug trial in Ghana were revisited. All former patients aged 16 or older completed the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and the abbreviated World Health Organization Quality of Life scale (WHOQOL-BREF). The WHOQOL-BREF was also administered to 82 matched healthy controls. Those younger than 16 completed the Childrens' Dermatology Life Quality Index (CDLQI) only. Results The median (Inter Quartile Range) score on the DLQI was 0 (0–4), indicating good QoL. 85% of former patients indicated no effect, or only a small effect of the disease on their current life. Former patients also indicated good QoL on the physical and psychological domains of the WHOQOL-BREF, and scored significantly higher than healthy controls on these domains. There was a weak correlation between the DLQI and scar size (??=?0.32; p<0.001). Conclusions BU patients who report early with small lesions and receive 8 weeks of antimicrobial therapy have a good QoL at long-term follow-up. These findings contrast with the debilitating sequelae often reported in BU, and highlight the importance of early case detection. PMID:25010061

Klis, Sandor; Ranchor, Adelita; Phillips, Richard O.; Abass, Kabiru M.; Tuah, Wilson; Loth, Susanne; Velding, Kristien; van der Werf, Tjip S.; Stienstra, Ymkje

2014-01-01

255

Evaluating Aspects of Online Medication Safety in Long-Term Follow-Up of 136 Internet Pharmacies: Illegal Rogue Online Pharmacies Flourish and Are Long-Lived  

PubMed Central

Background A growing number of online pharmacies have been established worldwide. Among them are numerous illegal websites selling medicine without valid medical prescriptions or distributing substandard or counterfeit drugs. Only a limited number of studies have been published on Internet pharmacies with regard to patient safety, professionalism, long-term follow-up, and pharmaceutical legitimacy verification. Objective In this study, we selected, evaluated, and followed 136 Internet pharmacy websites aiming to identify indicators of professional online pharmacy service and online medication safety. Methods An Internet search was performed by simulating the needs of potential customers of online pharmacies. A total of 136 Internet pharmacy websites were assessed and followed for four years. According to the LegitScript database, relevant characteristics such as longevity, time of continuous operation, geographical location, displayed contact information, prescription requirement, medical information exchange, and pharmaceutical legitimacy verification were recorded and evaluated. Results The number of active Internet pharmacy websites decreased; 23 of 136 (16.9%) online pharmacies ceased operating within 12 months and only 67 monitored websites (49.3%) were accessible at the end of the four-year observation period. However, not all operated continuously, as about one-fifth (31/136) of all observed online pharmacy websites were inaccessible provisionally. Thus, only 56 (41.2%) Internet-based pharmacies were continuously operational. Thirty-one of the 136 online pharmacies (22.8%) had not provided any contact details, while only 59 (43.4%) displayed all necessary contact information on the website. We found that the declared physical location claims did not correspond to the area of domain registration (according to IP address) for most websites. Although the majority (120/136, 88.2%) of the examined Internet pharmacies distributed various prescription-only medicines, only 9 (6.6%) requested prior medical prescriptions before purchase. Medical information exchange was generally ineffective as 52 sites (38.2%) did not require any medical information from patients. The product information about the medicines was generally (126/136, 92.6%) not displayed adequately, and the contents of the patient information leaflet were incomplete in most cases (104/136, 76.5%). Numerous online operators (60/136, 44.1%) were defined as rogue Internet pharmacies, but no legitimate Internet-based pharmacies were among them. One site (0.7%) was yet unverified, 23 (16.9%) were unapproved, while the remaining (52/136, 38.2%) websites were not available in the LegitScript database. Contrary to our prior assumptions, prescription or medical information requirement, or the indication of contact information on the website, does not seem to correlate with “rogue pharmacy” status using the LegitScript online pharmacy verification standards. Instead, long-term continuous operation strongly correlated (P<.001) with explicit illegal activity. Conclusions Most Internet pharmacies in our study sample were illegal sites within the definition of “rogue” Internet pharmacy. These websites violate professional, legal, and ethical standards and endanger patient safety. This work shows evidence that online pharmacies that act illegally appear to have greater longevity than others, presumably because there is no compelling reason for frequent change in order to survive. We also found that one in five websites revived (closed down and reopened again within four years) and no-prescription sites with limited medicine and patient information are flourishing. PMID:24021777

2013-01-01

256

Long-term Effects of Nurse Home Visitation on Children's Criminal and Antisocial Behavior 15Year Follow-up of a Randomized Controlled Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Context.— A program of home visitation by nurses has been shown to affect the rates of maternal welfare dependence, criminality, problems due to use of substances, and child abuse and neglect. However, the long-term effects of this program on children's antisocial behavior have not been examined. Objective.— To examine the long-term effects of a program of prenatal and early childhood

David Olds; Charles R. Henderson; Robert Cole; John Eckenrode; Harriet Kitzman; Dennis Luckey; Lisa Pettitt; Kimberly Sidora; Pamela Morris; Jane Powers

1998-01-01

257

Long-term association of food and nutrient intakes with cognitive and functional1 decline: a 13-year follow-up study of elderly French women2  

E-print Network

1 Long-term association of food and nutrient intakes with cognitive and functional1 decline: a 13, as well as higher intakes of dairy dessert and ice-cream. IADL impairment was45 associated with lower

Boyer, Edmond

258

Bivalvular mechanical Mitral-Aortic valve replacement in 254 patients: Long-Term results—a 22-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundWe have retrospectively studied 254 patients who underwent a bivalvular mechanical mitral-aortic replacement in the cardiovascular and thoracic surgery unit of Nantes from 1979 to 1989. The follow-up was 22 years (1979 to 2001). The last patient was operated on 12 years before the end of the follow-up.

Jean-Paul Remadi; Olivier Baron; C Tribouilloy; Jean C Roussel; O Al Habasch; Philippe Despins; Jean-Luc Michaud; Daniel Duveau

2003-01-01

259

Long-Term Biological and Behavioural Impact of an Adolescent Sexual Health Intervention in Tanzania: Follow-up Survey of the Community-Based MEMA kwa Vijana Trial  

PubMed Central

Background The ability of specific behaviour-change interventions to reduce HIV infection in young people remains questionable. Since January 1999, an adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH) intervention has been implemented in ten randomly chosen intervention communities in rural Tanzania, within a community randomised trial (see below; NCT00248469). The intervention consisted of teacher-led, peer-assisted in-school education, youth-friendly health services, community activities, and youth condom promotion and distribution. Process evaluation in 1999–2002 showed high intervention quality and coverage. A 2001/2 intervention impact evaluation showed no impact on the primary outcomes of HIV seroincidence and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) seroprevalence but found substantial improvements in SRH knowledge, reported attitudes, and some reported sexual behaviours. It was postulated that the impact on “upstream” knowledge, attitude, and reported behaviour outcomes seen at the 3-year follow-up would, in the longer term, lead to a reduction in HIV and HSV-2 infection rates and other biological outcomes. A further impact evaluation survey in 2007/8 (?9 years post-intervention) tested this hypothesis. Methods and Findings This is a cross-sectional survey (June 2007 through July 2008) of 13,814 young people aged 15–30 y who had attended trial schools during the first phase of the MEMA kwa Vijana intervention trial (1999–2002). Prevalences of the primary outcomes HIV and HSV-2 were 1.8% and 25.9% in males and 4.0% and 41.4% in females, respectively. The intervention did not significantly reduce risk of HIV (males adjusted prevalence ratio [aPR] 0.91, 95%CI 0.50–1.65; females aPR 1.07, 95%CI 0.68–1.67) or HSV-2 (males aPR 0.94, 95%CI 0.77–1.15; females aPR 0.96, 95%CI 0.87–1.06). The intervention was associated with a reduction in the proportion of males reporting more than four sexual partners in their lifetime (aPR 0.87, 95%CI 0.78–0.97) and an increase in reported condom use at last sex with a non-regular partner among females (aPR 1.34, 95%CI 1.07–1.69). There was a clear and consistent beneficial impact on knowledge, but no significant impact on reported attitudes to sexual risk, reported pregnancies, or other reported sexual behaviours. The study population was likely to have been, on average, at lower risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections compared to other rural populations, as only youth who had reached year five of primary school were eligible. Conclusions SRH knowledge can be improved and retained long-term, but this intervention had only a limited effect on reported behaviour and no significant effect on HIV/STI prevalence. Youth interventions integrated within intensive, community-wide risk reduction programmes may be more successful and should be evaluated. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00248469 Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary PMID:20543994

Doyle, Aoife M.; Ross, David A.; Maganja, Kaballa; Baisley, Kathy; Masesa, Clemens; Andreasen, Aura; Plummer, Mary L.; Obasi, Angela I. N.; Weiss, Helen A.; Kapiga, Saidi; Watson-Jones, Deborah; Changalucha, John; Hayes, Richard J.

2010-01-01

260

Long-term follow-up after comprehensive rehabilitation of persons with epilepsy, with emphasis on participation in employment or education.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to describe the current situation of patients with epilepsy after rehabilitation with emphasis on employment and education and to investigate if clinical factors at admission were associated with increase in employment or education. All patients that participated in a comprehensive rehabilitation were eligible. Data were collected from medical records at admission, during rehabilitation, at discharge and from a structured telephone interview at follow-up 1-17 years after admission. In total, 124 patients participated in the follow-up. Participation in employment or education improved from admission to follow-up in 38 patients. In univariable analysis, active epilepsy with tonic-clonic seizures at admission was significantly associated with increased participation in employment or education at follow-up, so was decreased frequency of tonic-clonic seizures from admission to follow-up. The significance of the associations disappeared in adjusted multivariable analysis. Participation in employment or education was improved for many patients at follow-up. PMID:23032136

Wedlund, Ewa Wadhagen; Nilsson, Lena; Erdner, Anette; Tomson, Torbjörn

2012-10-01

261

Long-term results of 203 young and middle-aged patients with more than ten years of follow- up after the original subcoronary Ross operation  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundThe choice of prosthesis for aortic valve replacement in young and middle-aged patients remains challenging due to the accelerated degeneration of bioprostheses in these age groups and the risks of thrombembolism and bleeding with mechanical valves. Theoretically, the living pulmonary autograft (Ross operation) would be advantageous. Long term results of the various Ross techniques are awaited for defining the value

Efstratios I. Charitos; Ulrich Stierle; Thorsten Hanke; Claudia Schmidtke; Hans-Hinrich Sievers; Doreen Richardt

262

Cyclosporine A treatment for relapsed subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma: a case with long-term follow-up  

PubMed Central

Subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma (SPTL) is a distinctive lymphoma characterized by an infiltration of subcutaneous tissue by neoplastic cytotoxic T cells. There was no distinction between TCR alpha/beta phenotype and TCR gamma/delta phenotype, and anthracycline-based chemotherapy was usually used for both. Here, we report a patient with recurrent SPTL who achieved a second long-term complete remission by repeated cyclosporine A (CsA) treatment. From 2000 to 2001, the patient received anthracycline-based combination chemotherapy. However, the treatment did not induce long-term remission. In 2002, he received cyclosporine treatment for about 6 months. This resulted in a 5-year remission that ended in relapse in 2008. He received CsA treatment once again and attained a second long-term remission. This case suggests that re-treatment with CsA can be a good option for relapsed SPTL cases and can result in long-term remission. PMID:22783363

Go, Se-Il; Kang, Myung Hee; Kim, In-Suk; Kim, Dong Chul; Lee, Jeong-Hee

2012-01-01

263

Long-term follow-up of acute and chronic nonA, non-B post-transfusion hepatitis: evidence of progression to liver cirrhosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The long-term outcome of non-A, non-B post-transfusion hepatitis was evaluated in 21 patients who developed the illness after open-heart surgery and could be followed thereafter up to five years. Histological chronic sequelae were documented in 13 patients, and consisted of chronic persistent hepatitis in one case, chronic lobular hepatitis in two and chronic active hepatitis in 10, five of whom

G Realdi; A Alberti; M Rugge; A M Rigoli; F Tremolada; L Schivazappa; A Ruol

1982-01-01

264

The 10 Year Course of AA Participation and Long-Term Outcomes: A Follow-up Study of Outpatient Subjects in Project MATCH  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the 10-year course and impact of AA-related helping (AAH), step-work, and meeting attendance on long-term outcomes. Data were derived from 226 treatment-seeking alcoholics recruited from an outpatient site in Project MATCH and followed for 10 years post-treatment.Alcohol consumption, AA participation, and other-oriented behavior were assessed at baseline, end of the 3-month treatment period, and one year, three years,

Maria E. Pagano; William L. White; John F. Kelly; Robert L. Stout; Rebecca R. Carter; J. Scott Tonigan

2013-01-01

265

Tension-Free Vaginal Tape (TVT) in Stress Incontinent Women with Intrinsic Sphincter Deficiency (ISD) - A Long-Term Follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a prospective long-term study 49 women with stress incontinence and ISD (intrinsic sphincter deficiency) were followed for a mean of 4 years (range 3-5) after TVT operation. Preoperatively all patients underwent urodynamic investigations, quality of life evaluation, a 24-hour pad test and a gynecologic examination to properly verify the incontinence symptoms. The same protocol was used for postoperative evaluation.

M. Rezapour; C. Falconer; U. Ulmsten

2001-01-01

266

The Center for the Arts and Sciences: Long-Term Follow-Up Study of 1987 and 1988 Graduates. Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings of a follow-up study that examined the experiences of the 1987 and 1988 graduates of the Center for the Arts and Sciences (CAS) program in Saginaw, Michigan, are presented in this paper. A survey mailed to a total of 78 program graduates, 36 from 1987 and 42 from 1988, elicited 21 responses, the majority of whom were from white females.…

Saginaw Public Schools, MI. Dept. of Evaluation Services.

267

Assessing the Long-Term Effects of EMDR: Results from an 18-Month Follow-Up Study with Adult Female Survivors of CSA  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 18-month follow-up study builds on the findings of a randomized experimental evaluation that found qualified support for the short-term effectiveness of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) in reducing trauma symptoms among adult female survivors of childhood sexual abuse (CSA). The current study provides preliminary evidence…

Edmond, Tonya; Rubin, Allen

2004-01-01

268

A Cognitive- Behavioral Therapeutic Program for Patients with Obesity and Binge Eating Disorder: Short- and Long- Term Follow-Up Data of a Prospective Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study is to investigate the efficacy of a manualized cognitive-behavioral therapeutic (CBT) approach for patients with obesity and binge eating disorder (BED) on the short and longer term. A prospective study without a control group consisting of three measurements (a baseline measurement and two follow-up assessments up to 5…

Vanderlinden, Johan; Adriaensen, An; Vancampfort, Davy; Pieters, Guido; Probst, Michel; Vansteelandt, Kristof

2012-01-01

269

Ability of the rhTSH stimulation test to predict relapse in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma, after long-term follow-up  

PubMed Central

The analysis of serum thyroglobulin (Tg) following thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) stimulation (sTg) has been recommended in the follow-up of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) patients, however, its routine use remains controversial. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the accuracy of sTg testing following recombinant human (rh) TSH stimulation in DTC patients, with a follow-up of 12.4 years. Retrospective studies were conducted of 125 DTC patients, who underwent rhTSH stimulation testing between 1999 and 2002. The exclusion criteria were: Patients with anti-Tg antibodies, Tg levels >1 ng/ml under TSH suppression and the absence of radioactive iodine (RAI) ablation therapy following surgery. In total, 49 patients were included in the study and all had been previously treated with total or near total thyroidectomy (with or without central neck dissection) and RAI, postoperatively. The Tg functional sensitivity was 1.0 ng/ml. The follow-up for patients was performed annually. During the median follow-up of 12.4 years after the rhTSH stimulation test, nine patients exhibited recurrence (18.4%). Of the nine patients, six exhibited sTg levels >2 ng/ml (positive result) and three exhibited levels <2 ng/ml (negative result). Relapse occurred at a mean of 5.9 years following the rhTSH stimulation test. The positive predictive value and negative predictive value (NPV) of positive sTg were 50 and 91.9%, respectively, with a sensitivity of 66.6% and a specificity of 85.0%. The rhTSH-stimulated Tg levels have a high NPV, allowing the identification of the patients who are free of the tumour. These results are consistent with the previously published data; however, to the best of our knowledge, this is the study with the longest follow-up duration after rhTSH stimulation. PMID:25663898

MARCELINO, MAFALDA; LOPES, ANA FILIPA; MADUREIRA, DEOLINDA; FERREIRA, TERESA C.; LIMBERT, EDWARD; LEITE, VALERIANO

2015-01-01

270

Endovascular Treatment of Pelvic Congestion Syndrome: Visual Analog Scale (VAS) Long-Term Follow-up Clinical Evaluation in 202 Patients  

SciTech Connect

PurposeThis study was designed to evaluate the clinical outcome and patients' satisfaction after a 5 year follow-up period for pelvic congestion syndrome (PCS) coil embolization in patients who suffered from chronic pelvic pain that initially consulted for lower limb venous insufficiency.MethodsA total of 202 patients suffering from chronic pelvic pain were recruited prospectively in a single center (mean age 43.5 years; range 27-57) where they were being treated for lower limb varices. Inclusion criteria were: lower limb varices and chronic pelvic pain (>6 months), >6 mm pelvic venous caliber in ultrasonography, and venous reflux or presence of communicating veins. Both ovarian and hypogastric veins were targeted for embolization. Pain level was assessed before and after embolotherapy and during follow-up using a visual analog scale (VAS). Technical and clinical success and recurrence of leg varices were studied. Patients completed a quality questionnaire. Clinical follow-up was performed at 1, 3, and 6 months and every year for 5 years.ResultsTechnical success was 100 %. Clinical success was achieved in 168 patients (93.85 %), with complete disappearance of symptoms in 60 patients (33.52 %). Pain score (VAS) was 7.34 {+-} 0.7 preprocedural versus 0.78 {+-} 1.2 at the end of follow-up (P < 0.0001). Complications were: groin hematoma (n = 6), coil migration (n = 4), and reaction to contrast media (n = 1). Twenty-three cases presented abdominal pain after procedure. In 24 patients (12.5 %), there was recurrence of their leg varices within the follow-up. The mean degree of patients' satisfaction was 7.4/9.ConclusionsCoil embolization of PCS is an effective and safe procedure, with high clinical success rate and degree of satisfaction.

Laborda, Alicia, E-mail: alaborda@unizar.es; Medrano, Joaquin, E-mail: oauieao@gmail.com [University of Zaragoza, Group of Research in Minimally Invasive Techniques Research (GITMI) (Spain); Blas, Ignacio de, E-mail: deblas@unizar.es [University of Zaragoza, Edificio Hospital Veterinario, Department of Animal Pathology (Unit of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology) (Spain); Urtiaga, Ignacio, E-mail: info@doctorurtiaga.com [Hospital Clinico Universitario 'Lozano Blesa', Department of Vascular Surgery (Spain); Carnevale, Francisco Cesar, E-mail: fcarnevale@uol.com.br [University of Sao Paulo, Medical School, Interventional Radiology (Brazil); Gregorio, Miguel A. de, E-mail: mgregori@unizar.es [University of Zaragoza, Group of Research in Minimally Invasive Techniques Research (GITMI) (Spain)

2013-08-01

271

Course of Skin Symptoms and Quality of Life in Children Referred for Patch Testing - A Long-term Follow-up Study.  

PubMed

Children are patch tested in the same manner as adults, but little has been done to establish whether positive or negative findings influence the course of skin symptoms. To uncover the course of skin symptoms and the impact of persistent eczema on life quality in paediatric patients referred for patch testing, a retrospective questionnaire was sent to children and adolescents referred for patch testing during a 9-year period. Persistent eczema at follow-up was strongly associated to atopic dermatitis, but was not explained by gender, age, contact allergy or time span from patch testing to follow-up. Among patients without atopic dermatitis, 23.5% reported to suffer from chronic eczema. Persistent eczema increased the risk of severe impairment of life quality. Our findings indicate a significant risk of childhood eczema becoming chronic and affecting life quality considerably. Patch testing did not affect the course of eczema, highlighting the difficulties of avoidance behaviour. PMID:24923641

Simonsen, Anne B; Sommerlund, Mette; Deleuran, Mette; Mortz, Charlotte G; Johansen, Jeanne D

2015-01-15

272

Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein type 2 in the reconstruction of atrophic maxilla: Case report with long-term follow-up.  

PubMed

Autologous bone is reported by scientific literature as the gold standard for the replacement of the bone loss in maxillary atrophic area. Notwithstanding, this grafting type shows several disadvantages as: The procedure morbidity, limited size of the graft and longer recovering time. Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein type 2 (rhBMP-2) has been used as bone substitute for the reconstruction of large bone defects. The aim of this case was to report a clinical case exhibiting the reconstruction of the atrophic maxilla through using rhBMP-2 as grafting material associated with absorbable collagen sponge (ACS). At 8 months of following-up, osseointegrated implants were placed. After 2 years and 5 months of following-up, it could be observed an appropriate aesthetical and functional rehabilitation. PMID:25624638

Zétola, André Luiz; Verbicaro, Thalyta; Littieri, Sahara; Larson, Rafaela; Giovanini, Allan Fernando; Deliberador, Tatiana Miranda

2014-01-01

273

Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein type 2 in the reconstruction of atrophic maxilla: Case report with long-term follow-up  

PubMed Central

Autologous bone is reported by scientific literature as the gold standard for the replacement of the bone loss in maxillary atrophic area. Notwithstanding, this grafting type shows several disadvantages as: The procedure morbidity, limited size of the graft and longer recovering time. Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein type 2 (rhBMP-2) has been used as bone substitute for the reconstruction of large bone defects. The aim of this case was to report a clinical case exhibiting the reconstruction of the atrophic maxilla through using rhBMP-2 as grafting material associated with absorbable collagen sponge (ACS). At 8 months of following-up, osseointegrated implants were placed. After 2 years and 5 months of following-up, it could be observed an appropriate aesthetical and functional rehabilitation. PMID:25624638

Zétola, André Luiz; Verbicaro, Thalyta; Littieri, Sahara; Larson, Rafaela; Giovanini, Allan Fernando; Deliberador, Tatiana Miranda

2014-01-01

274

Reversibility of germinative and endocrine testicular function after long-term contraception with a GnRH-agonist implant in the tom-a follow-up study.  

PubMed

A significantly reduced gonadotropin and testosterone secretion is a well-described result of long-term administration of GnRH agonists in the male dog and cat. To date, no data are available about the duration of efficacy and the reversibility of treatment-induced effects after long-term treatment with a 4.7 mg deslorelin implant. Seven healthy male European Shorthair cats (3.2 ± 0.5 kg, 1-6 years) were treated with a 4.7 mg deslorelin implant. Blood samples (testosterone, T), testicular volume, penile spines, and mating behavior were recorded once weekly. Considering T > 0.5 ng/mL as the biological endpoint, mean duration of efficacy was 78.8 ± 12.9 weeks (range: 61.7-100.7 weeks) with T concentrations increasing rapidly after the last T less than 0.1 ng/mL (basal) (P < 0.0001), and pretreatment T concentrations being reached after 3 weeks. Testicular volume rapidly increased after the first increase of T (P < 0.001) with pretreatment testicular volume being reached after 6.9 ± 3.4 weeks (5-11 weeks). "Normal" libido reoccurred 88.7 ± 12.4 weeks after treatment, and "normal" mating behavior was observed even later. Fertile matings occurred 7 to 42 weeks after the last T less than 0.1 ng/mL with a mean of 4.0 ± 0.0 kittens, and 13.6 to 47.6 weeks afterwards testicular histology revealed normal spermatogenesis. The present data confirm that the use of slow-release GnRH-agonist implants containing deslorelin in tomcats represents an effective and safe reversible alternative for long-term contraception; however, as number of animals is low, further fertility trials are recommended. PMID:24581586

Goericke-Pesch, Sandra; Georgiev, Plamen; Antonov, Anton; Vodenicharov, Angel; Navarro, Christelle; Wehrend, Axel

2014-04-15

275

Long-term follow-up results of linear accelerator-based radiosurgery for vestibular schwannoma using serial three-dimensional spoiled gradient-echo MRI.  

PubMed

We examined the characteristic changes in vestibular schwannoma (VS) volume after treatment with linear accelerator-based radiosurgery (LBRS) and the long-term therapeutic effects, by performing three-dimensional (3D) MRI evaluations of tumor volumes. We included 44 patients in whom tumor volume changes could be observed using 3D-spoiled gradient-echo MRI for at least 5years. Examinations were performed every 3-4months for the first 2years after treatment and every 6-12months thereafter. Enlargement or shrinkage was determined as a change of at least 20% from the volume at the time of treatment. The median observation period was 13.8years (range, 5.5-19.5years). The tumor control rates at 5 and 10years after treatment and at the final MRI were 90.9%, 90.0%, and 88.6%, respectively. Tumor volume changes were categorized into the following four patterns: enlargement, five patients (11.4%); stable, three patients (6.8%); transient enlargement, 24 patients (54.5%); and direct shrinkage, 12 patients (27.3%). Bimodal peaks were observed in three of the 24 patients with transient enlargement. Tumor volume changes from 5 and 10 years post-LBRS to the final observation point were observed in 27 (64.2%) and 10 patients (33.3%), respectively. The long-term tumor volume changes observed after LBRS suggest that radiation exerts long-term effects on tumors. Furthermore, while transient enlargements in tumor volume were characteristic, true tumor enlargements should be characterized by increased volumes of more than two-fold and continued growth for at least 2years. PMID:25443082

Matsuo, Takayuki; Okunaga, Tomohiro; Kamada, Kensaku; Izumo, Tsuyoshi; Hayashi, Nobuyuki; Nagata, Izumi

2015-02-01

276

Doxorubicin-induced congestive heart failure in elderly patients with metastatic breast cancer, with long-term follow-up: the M.D. Anderson experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Correlation between aging and doxorubicin-induced congestive heart failure in patients with metastatic breast cancer was\\u000a studied to determine whether doxorubicin-induced congestive heart failure in elderly patients with metastatic breast cancer\\u000a is a clinically significant issue. Methods: This was a retrospective study with a median follow-up of 16.8 years. The setting was a comprehensive cancer center in a\\u000a large city.

Nuhad K. Ibrahim; Gabriel N. Hortobagyi; Michael Ewer; Mohammed K. Ali; Lina Asmar; Richard L. Theriault; Giuseppe Fraschini; Debra K. Frye; Aman U. Buzdar

1999-01-01

277

Neurobehavioral effects of long-term exposure to pesticides: results from the 4-year follow-up of the PHYTONER Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThe aim of the PHYTONER study is to investigate the role of pesticides on neurobehavioral performances in French vineyard workers.Methods929 workers affiliated to the health insurance system for farmers in the Bordeaux area of south-western France were enrolled in the study in 1997–1998. They were contacted for a first follow-up in 2001–2003. Participants completed a questionnaire and nine neurobehavioral tests.

Isabelle Baldi; Anne Gruber; Virginie Rondeau; Pierre Lebailly; Patrick Brochard; Colette Fabrigoule

2010-01-01

278

Outcome of different types of long-term antidepressant treatments: a 3-year follow-up study of 14?182 patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Antidepressant efficacy studies are rare in large populations for prolonged periods. Methods: The efficacy of antidepressants was investigated by using disability pensions due to major affective disorders as the efficacy variable from a large Finnish population (n=14?182) during a 3-year follow-up. Results: Of all males, 345 (6.0%) were receiving disability pension due to major affective disorder, and of all

Pirkko Räsänen; Helinä Hakko; Jari Jokelainen; Jari Tiihonen

1999-01-01

279

A Prospective, Long-Term Follow-Up Study of 1,444 nm Nd:YAG Laser: A New Modality for Treating Axillary Bromhidrosis  

PubMed Central

Background Surgery for bromhidrosis has a high risk of complications such as hematoma and necrosis. New nonsurgical methods may reduce the burden on surgery and the risks for the patient. Objective This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy and side-effects of the 1,444 nm Nd:YAG interstitial laser for treating axillary bromhidrosis. Methods Eighteen bromhidrosis patients were treated with a 1,444 nm Nd:YAG laser at Korea University Ansan Hospital. The post-treatment follow-up was 6 months. After the procedure, we confirmed apocrine gland destruction through histopathological examination. At each follow-up, we measured the severity of the remaining odor, postoperative pain, degree of mobility restriction, and overall satisfaction. Results After 180 days of follow-up, malodor elimination was good in 20 axillae, fair in 12 axillae, and poor in four axillae. At the end point of the study, 14 patients were totally satisfied with the laser treatment, three patients were partially satisfied, and one patient was disatisfied. Pain and limitation of mobility were significantly reduced within 1 week post-operatively, and were almost resolved within 4 weeks post-operatively. A histopathological examination revealed decreased density and significant alterations to the apocrine glands. Conclusion Subdermal coagulation treatment with a 1,444 nm Nd:YAG interstitial laser may be a less invasive and effective therapy for axillary bromhidrosis. PMID:24882972

Jung, Sung Kyu; Jang, Hee Won; Kim, Hee Joo; Lee, Sang Geun; Lee, Kyung Goo; Kim, Sun Yae; Yi, Sang Min; Kim, Jae Hwan

2014-01-01

280

Five-Year Long-Term Clinical Follow-Up of the XIENCE V Everolimus Eluting Coronary Stent System in the Treatment of Patients With de novo Coronary Artery Lesions: The SPIRIT FIRST Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Drug-eluting stents have shown to be superior over bare metal stents in clinical and angiographic outcomes after percutaneous treatment of coronary artery stenosis. However, long-term follow-up data are scarce and only available for sirolimus- and paclitaxel-eluting stents. Aim: To assess the feasibility and performance of the XIENCE V everolimus-eluting stent (EES) versus an identical bare metal stent after a

M. Wiemer; P. W. Serruys; K. Miquel-Hebert; F. J. Neumann; J. J. Piek; E. Grube; J. Haase; L. Thuesen; C. Hamm

2010-01-01

281

Transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus with the use of Rashkind occluders and\\/or Gianturco coils: Long-term follow-up in 123 patients and special reference to comparison, residual shunts, complications, and technique  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background This report describes the long-term follow-up of transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) with 2 different modalities in 123 patients of diverse ages. Methods and Results Between October 1990 and August 1997, 123 patients underwent transcatheter PDA (1.9 to 7.5 mm) closure at a mean age of 6.8 ± 8.9 years (range 0.06 to 52) and mean weight

Satej Janorkar; Tiow Goh; James Wilkinson

1999-01-01

282

Long-term effects of intertrochanteric varus-derotation osteotomy on femur and acetabulum in spastic cerebral palsy: an 11- to 18-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

An intertrochanteric femoral osteotomy is carried out to correct intoeing gait and to improve hip centration in patients with spastic cerebral palsy. The long-term effect of such osteotomies on the neck-shaft angle (NSA) and anteversion angle (ATA), as well as on hip-joint centration, was evaluated in 63 hips of 45 patients with observation times of 11-18 years (mean, 15.4). The postoperative loss of correction of the NSA and ATA was the more pronounced the younger the patients were at the time of intervention. This was particularly true when the hip joint was subluxated or dislocated and when the operation was done before the age of 4 years. Patients of this age group lost 96% of the correction of the NSA and 42% of the ATA. Hip centration always improved, but corrective femoral osteotomy alone did not result in a sufficient coverage in cases of subluxation and dislocation in the short and long term. PMID:9591995

Brunner, R; Baumann, J U

1997-01-01

283

Long-term association of food and nutrient intakes with cognitive and functional decline: a 13-year follow-up study of elderly French women.  

PubMed

The objective of the present study was to determine the potential long-term impact of dietary habits on age-related decline among 4809 elderly women (born between 1925 and 1930) in the 'Etude Epidémiologique de Femmes de la Mutuelle Générale de l'Education Nationale' (E3N) study, a French epidemiological cohort. In 1993, an extensive diet history self-administered questionnaire was sent to all participants, and in 2006 another questionnaire on instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) and recent cognitive change was sent to a close relative or friend of each woman. Logistic models adjusted for socio-demographic, lifestyle and health factors were performed to evaluate associations between habitual dietary intakes and two outcomes of interest based on the informant response: recent cognitive decline and IADL impairment. Recent cognitive decline was associated with lower intakes of poultry, fish, and animal fats, as well as higher intakes of dairy desserts and ice-cream. IADL impairment was associated with a lower intake of vegetables. The odds of recent cognitive decline increased significantly with decreasing intake of soluble dietary fibre and n-3 fatty acids but with increasing intake of retinol. The odds of IADL impairment increased significantly with decreasing intakes of vitamins B2, B6 and B12. These results are consistent with a possible long-term neuroprotective effect of dietary fibre, n-3 polyunsaturated fats and B-group vitamins, and support dietary intervention to prevent cognitive decline. PMID:19203415

Vercambre, Marie-Noël; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Ritchie, Karen; Clavel-Chapelon, Françoise; Berr, Claudine

2009-08-01

284

Long Term Outcomes Following Hospital Admission for Sepsis Using Relative Survival Analysis: A Prospective Cohort Study of 1,092 Patients with 5 Year Follow Up  

PubMed Central

Background Sepsis is a leading cause of death in intensive care units and is increasing in incidence. Current trials of novel therapeutic approaches for sepsis focus on 28-day mortality as the primary outcome measure, but excess mortality may extend well beyond this time period. Methods We used relative survival analysis to examine excess mortality in a cohort of 1,028 patients admitted to a tertiary referral hospital with sepsis during 2007–2008, over the first 5 years of follow up. Expected survival was estimated using the Ederer II method, using Australian life tables as the reference population. Cumulative and interval specific relative survival were estimated by age group, sex, sepsis severity and Indigenous status. Results Patients were followed for a median of 4.5 years (range 0–5.2). Of the 1028 patients, the mean age was 46.9 years, 52% were male, 228 (22.2%) had severe sepsis and 218 (21%) died during the follow up period. Mortality based on cumulative relative survival exceeded that of the reference population for the first 2 years post admission in the whole cohort and for the first 3 years in the subgroup with severe sepsis. Independent predictors of mortality over the whole follow up period were male sex, Indigenous Australian ethnicity, older age, higher Charlson Comorbidity Index, and sepsis-related organ dysfunction at presentation. Conclusions The mortality rate of patients hospitalised with sepsis exceeds that of the general population until 2 years post admission. Efforts to improve outcomes from sepsis should examine longer term outcomes than the traditional primary endpoints of 28-day and 90-day mortality. PMID:25486241

Anstey, Nicholas M.; Condon, John R.

2014-01-01

285

Long-term follow up of patients with dilated heart muscle disease treated with human leucocytic interferon alpha or thymic hormones initial results.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether giving interferon-alpha or thymomodulin in addition to conventional treatment improves cardiac function in patients with idiopathic myocarditis and idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. DESIGN: Single-centre, randomised, open label, parallel group comparison of conventional treatment plus interferon-alpha, conventional treatment plus thymomodulin, and conventional treatment alone. PATIENTS: 38 patients aged 19-54 years (23 men) with biopsy-proven myocarditis or dilated cardiomyopathy. 12 were treated with conventional treatment alone, 13 were treated with interferon-alpha and conventional treatment, and 13 with thymomodulin and conventional treatment. SETTING: Tertiary cardiac referral centre. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical evaluation, echocardiography, and Holter monitoring at baseline, 6 months, and 1 and 2 years. Radionuclide ventriculography at rest and during exercise after 2 years. Endomyocardial biopsy at baseline and after a year if the initial diagnosis was myocarditis. RESULTS: Left ventricular ejection fraction was improved in 21 (81%) of 26 patients after interferon-alpha or thymomodulin administration and in 8 (66%) of 12 conventionally treated patients (P < 0.05) at 2 year follow up. The maximum exercise time was significantly longer at 2-year follow up in patients treated with immunomodulators (mean (SEM) 5.1 (0.6) minutes for interferon-alpha and 5.0 (0.4) minutes for thymomodulin) than in conventionally treated patients (3.3 (0.4) minutes). Left ventricular ejection fraction during exercise (assessed by radionuclide ventriculography) improved in 9 of 12 patients treated with interferon-alpha, 10 of 12 patients treated with thymomodulin, and 3 of 9 conventionally treated patients at 2 year follow up. The electrocardiogram was normal in 21 (88%) of 24 patients after interferon-alpha or thymomodulin treatment and 2 (22%) of 9 conventionally treated patients. At 2 year follow up, 19 (73%) of 26 patients treated with immunomodulators and 4 (25%) of 12 conventionally treated patients had improved their functional class. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that treatment of idiopathic myocarditis and/or idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy with interferon-alpha or thymomodulin induces an earlier and significantly superior clinical improvement than conventional treatment alone. PMID:8697164

Miri?, M.; Vasiljevi?, J.; Boji?, M.; Popovi?, Z.; Keserovi?, N.; Pesi?, M.

1996-01-01

286

Retrospective and consecutive analysis of the long-term outcomes of the SBG stem: a 15-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  In 1991, 230 cementless total hip arthroplasties (THAs) with anatomical Stolzalpe-Buchner-Graf (SBG) stems were implanted\\u000a in 230 patients at our hospital. Patients were examined retrospectively and consecutively 15 years after the operations.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  In total, 118 patients were available for follow-up (average 12.8 ± 3.8 years postoperatively), with 44 examined clinically\\/radiologically\\u000a at our hospital and 74 interviewed by telephone. Five THAs needed revision (stem explantation),

Mohammad Azizbaig Mohajer; F. Hofmann; R. Graf

2010-01-01

287

Immune response at birth, long-term immune memory and 2 years follow-up after in-utero anti-HBV DNA immunization.  

PubMed

Infections occurring at the end of pregnancy, during birth or by breastfeeding are responsible for the high toll of death among first-week infants. In-utero DNA immunization has demonstrated the effectiveness in inducing specific immunity in newborns. A major contribution to infant immunization would be achieved if a vaccine proved able to be protective as early as at the birth, preventing the typical 'first-week infections'. To establish its potential for use in humans, in-utero DNA vaccination efficiency has to be evaluated for short- and long-term safety, protection at delivery, efficacy of boosts in adults and effective window/s for modulation of immune response during pregnancy, in an animal model suitable with human development. Here we show that a single intramuscular in-utero anti-HBV DNA immunization at two-thirds of pig gestation produces, at birth, antibody titers considered protective in humans. The boost of antibody titers in every animal following recall at 4 and 10 months demonstrates the establishment of immune memory. The safety of in-utero fetus manipulation is guaranteed by short-term (no fetus loss, lack of local alterations, at-term spontaneous delivery, breastfeeding) and long-term (2 years) monitoring. Treatment of fetuses closer to delivery results in immune ignorance without induction of tolerance. This result highlights the repercussion of selecting the appropriate time point when this approach is used to deliver therapeutic genes. All these findings illustrate the relevance of naked DNA-based vaccination technology in therapeutic efforts aimed to prevent the high toll of death among first-week infants. PMID:14999226

Fazio, V M; Ria, F; Franco, E; Rosati, P; Cannelli, G; Signori, E; Parrella, P; Zaratti, L; Iannace, E; Monego, G; Blogna, S; Fioretti, D; Iurescia, S; Filippetti, R; Rinaldi, M

2004-03-01

288

Phenylalanine-restricted diet should be life long. A case report on long-term follow-up of an adolescent with untreated phenylketonuria.  

PubMed

The aim of this brief report is to stimulate a debate and to advocate life-long treatment with phenylalanine restricted diet to persons with phenylketonuria. We present a case of an adolescent male who today is a 65 year old with moderate mental retardation. He was previously observed as having severe challenging and self-injurious behaviour, sleeping disorder, hyperactivity, and masturbation. In the last year before reassessment he displayed loss of weight, muscle weakness resulting in wheelchair placement, upper respiratory infections, and fungal skin infections. After reassessment in 1998 the patient was started on treatment with a phenylalanine-restricted diet supplemented with vitamin B12, iron, and folic acid. At follow-up one year later the patient had regained his weight and was walking around freely. The challenging and self-injurious behaviour, and the masturbation, had ceased, and he was participating in social activities which he had previously not been able to participate in. At follow-up four years later he was still at this level of accomplishment. In general, this patient's quality of life had increased. We therefore recommend life-long treatment with phenylalanine restricted diet for persons with previously treated, and also for those with untreated, phenylketonuria. PMID:12955819

Merrick, Joav; Aspler, Shoshana; Schwarz, Gerard

2003-01-01

289

Non-resolving Findings in a Long-term Radiographic Follow-up of an Infant with Acute Paraffin Oil Aspiration  

PubMed Central

Acute lipoid pneumonia (LP) in children is a rare disorder caused by the aspiration of oil-based substances and is difficult to diagnose due to non-specific clinical symptoms and radiological findings. We report the case of a 5-month-old male infant with acute LP caused by accidental aspiration of a large amount of mineral oil. We present the imaging findings in the computed tomography scans performed during his hospitalization and focus on the residual abnormalities seen on a scan performed 7-years after the incident. This, to the best of our knowledge, is the longest follow-up report of an acute exogenous LP patient and the only case that demonstrates non-resolving abnormalities in a pediatric patient after a single acute episode of mineral oil aspiration. PMID:24678434

Stathis, George; Priftis, Konstantinos N.; Moustaki, Maria; Alexopoulou, Efthymia

2014-01-01

290

Role of anal dilatation in treatment of idiopathic constipation in children: long-term follow-up of a double-blind randomized controlled study.  

PubMed

Constipation in childhood is a common symptom, with an estimated incidence between 0.3% and 8%. Most of the evidence for the current management of constipation and fecal soiling in children is based on reports of nonrandomized retrospective trials. Anal dilatation has had an established role in the management of idiopathic constipation but has never been evaluated by a randomized study. A double-blind randomized controlled trial was done of children who failed to respond to medical treatment and were admitted for investigation and treatment of idiopathic constipation to Guy's Hospital, London, between April 2001 and April 2003. All children had intestinal transit study on admission. They were randomized, using a computer-generated allocation in sealed envelopes, to receive no anal dilatation (control group) or anal dilatation (anal dilatation group). Anorectal manometry and endosonography were done under ketamine anesthesia followed by anal dilatation if necessary under the same anesthesia. Disimpaction of feces from the rectum was done at the end of the procedure under general anesthesia using propofol muscle relaxant to minimize stretching of anal sphincter muscles in the control group. All children had intensification of medical treatment, toilet training, and monitoring of their response to treatment during their hospital stay, which ranged from 3 to 5 days. Outcome was measured using a parent's questionnaire of symptom severity at 3 and 12 months of follow-up by one of the authors, who was blinded to randomization. The symptom severity score ranged between 0 and 65 and consisted of scores for the following: delay in defecation (score range 0-10), difficulty and pain with passing stool (0-5), soiling problem (0-10), intensity of laxative treatment (0-10), child's general health (0-5), behavior related to the bowel problem (0-5), overall improvement of symptoms (0-12,) and assessment of megarectum on abdominal examination (0-8). Of 60 neurologically normal children, 31 (19 males) were randomized in the control group and 29 (18 males) in the anal dilatation group. All children had findings consistent with idiopathic constipation and positive anorectal reflex on manometry, no anal sphincter damage on endosonography, and no anal fissure on examination under anesthesia. The median age for control and anal dilatation groups was 7.97 (range 4.1-14.25) years and 7.78 (4-13.25) years, respectively. Both groups were also comparable with regard to median of duration of laxative treatment (32 months vs. 31.5 months), internal anal sphincter thickness on endosonography (0.90 mm vs. 0.80 mm), resting anal sphincter pressure on manometry (51 mmHg vs. 51 mmHg), total rectal capacity on manometry (260 mmHg vs. 260 mmHg), and total symptom severity score before admission (33 vs. 29), respectively. At 12-month follow-up, the median pre-admission symptom severity score had improved significantly, from 33 (range 12-49) in the control group and 29 (16-51) in the dilatation group to 15 (0-51, p < 0.0001) and 19 (1-46, p < 0.0001), respectively. There was no significant difference between the two groups with regard to symptom severity score improvement at 12-month follow-up (p < 0.92). We found a significant correlation between total rectal capacity measured on manometry and symptom severity score before admission and at 12-month follow-up (r = 0.30, p < 0.01 and r = 0.25, p < 0.05, respectively). Our results indicate that anal dilatation does not contribute to the management of school-aged children with idiopathic constipation. Admission to hospital for clarification of diagnosis and intensification of medical treatment with disimpaction of stool from the rectum is beneficial. PMID:15662516

Keshtgar, Alireza S; Ward, Harry C; Clayden, Graham S; Sanei, Ahmad

2005-02-01

291

Non-resolving Findings in a Long-term Radiographic Follow-up of an Infant with Acute Paraffin Oil Aspiration.  

PubMed

Acute lipoid pneumonia (LP) in children is a rare disorder caused by the aspiration of oil-based substances and is difficult to diagnose due to non-specific clinical symptoms and radiological findings. We report the case of a 5-month-old male infant with acute LP caused by accidental aspiration of a large amount of mineral oil. We present the imaging findings in the computed tomography scans performed during his hospitalization and focus on the residual abnormalities seen on a scan performed 7-years after the incident. This, to the best of our knowledge, is the longest follow-up report of an acute exogenous LP patient and the only case that demonstrates non-resolving abnormalities in a pediatric patient after a single acute episode of mineral oil aspiration. PMID:24678434

Stathis, George; Priftis, Konstantinos N; Moustaki, Maria; Alexopoulou, Efthymia

2014-01-01

292

Adjuvant aqueous ozone in the treatment of bisphosphonate induced necrosis of the jaws: report of two cases and long-term follow-up.  

PubMed

Bisphosphonate induced necrosis of the jaws (BONJ) does not have a unique protocol of treatment and many therapeutic approaches have been arising in oral medicine with debatable results. A male and a female attended the University Oral Surgery Clinic presenting oral bone lesions induced by intravenous and oral bisphosphonates respectively as complications of dental extraction. Treatment included daily mouthwashes and weekly intra oral irrigations with 4 mg/L of aqueous-ozone, antibiotic therapy and sequential superficial debridment for sequestrectomies. Long-standing follow-ups showed complete mucosa covering of exposed bone area and resolution of purulent secretion. Antibacterial and antifungal properties of aqueous ozone may have played important roles in the treatment. The outcome measured intra oral examination and panoramic radiographs of the affected bone. The application of aqueous ozone daily mouthwashes and weekly professional irrigation were safe; free from adverse effects, easily of handling and worked as an important adjuvant therapeutic strategy for the treatment of BONJ. PMID:24487948

Brozoski, M A; Lemos, C A; Da Graça Naclério-Homem, M; Deboni, M C Z

2014-01-01

293

Combined chemoradiotherapy with local microwave hyperthermia for treatment of T3N0 laryngeal carcinoma: a retrospective study with long-term follow-up.  

PubMed

The purpose of our study was to test the efficacy and toxicity of hyperthermia in conjunction with chemoradiotherapy for T3N0 laryngeal cancer. From 1997-2006, 25 patients diagnosed with T3N0 laryngeal carcinoma who denied laryngectomy were selected for this retrospective study. Patients received a total dose of 70 Gy (2 Gy per fraction, 5 days per week) in combination with 6 weekly sessions of hyperthermia, in addition to weekly cisplatin chemotherapy. The hyperthermia device was operated as a 433 MHz microwave heating with water loaded and water-cooled waveguides. The temperature was monitored subcutaneously in the skin under the aperture of the waveguide. The median follow-up was 60 months, while 23 of 25 patients (92%) presented complete response to treatment. The two patients that did not respond to thermoradiotherapy underwent total laryngectomy, and during follow-up were alive and free of disease. According to EORTC/RTOG criteria, toxicity was mild: three patients (12%) presented grade III, eight (32%) presented grade II and 14 (56%) presented grade I acute skin toxicity. Grade III laryngeal late toxicity (vocal cord malfunction due to severe oedema) was noted in two patients (8%) at 6-8 months post-thermo-chemoradiotherapy. Tmin was correlated (Spearman rho, p < 0.05) with response to treatment as well as with acute skin toxicity and laryngeal function. When a patient with T3N0 laryngeal carcinoma denies laryngectomy, an alternative treatment is combined thermo-chemoradiotherapy which seems to be effective and generally tolerable with radiation-induced skin toxicity and/or late side effects. A larger patient cohort is needed to confirm these results. PMID:24882925

Kouloulias, V; Triantopoulou, S; Vrouvas, J; Gennatas, K; Ouzounoglou, N; Kouvaris, J; Karaiskos, P; Aggelakis, P; Antypas, C; Zygogianni, A; Papavasiliou, K; Platoni, K; Kelekis, N

2014-06-01

294

Long-Term Follow-Up of Dose-Adapted and Reduced-Field Radiotherapy With or Without Chemotherapy for Central Nervous System Germinoma  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To update our institutional experience with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and minimized radiotherapy vs. radiation monotherapy for intracranial germinoma. Methods and Materials: We retrospectively reviewed records of 59 patients with diagnosis of primary intracranial germinoma between 1977 and 2007. Treatment was irradiation alone or neoadjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy and local irradiation (initial tumor plus margin) for patients with localized complete response and reduced-dose craniospinal irradiation for others. Results: For the chemoradiotherapy group (n = 28), median follow-up was 7 years. No patient died. The freedom from progression (FFP) rate was 88% at 5 years and 80% at 10 years. In 4 patients, disease recurred 1.1 to 6.8 years after diagnosis. All were young male patients who received 30.6 Gy to local fields after complete response to chemotherapy. The FFP rate was 88% for local irradiation vs. 100% for more extensive fields (p = .06). For the radiotherapy-alone group (n = 31), median follow-up was 15 years. Overall and disease-free survival rates were 93% and 93% at 5 years and 90% and 87% at 15 years. In 5 patients, disease recurred 1.1 to 4.9 years after diagnosis. Most patients in this group were young men 18 to 23 years of age with suprasellar primary disease treated with about 50 Gy to local fields. The FFP rate was 44% for local irradiation vs. 100% for more extensive fields (p < .01). Conclusions: The addition of neoadjuvant chemotherapy to local-field radiotherapy reduced central nervous system cancer recurrence when high-risk patients were excluded by thorough pretreatment staging. There was trend toward improved central nervous system tumor control when larger fields (whole brain, whole ventricle, or craniospinal axis) were used.

Jensen, Ashley W. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (United States); Issa Laack, Nadia N., E-mail: laack.nadia@mayo.ed [Department of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (United States); Buckner, Jan C. [Department of Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (United States); Schomberg, Paula J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (United States); Wetmore, Cynthia J. [Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (United States); Brown, Paul D. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (United States)

2010-08-01

295

Occiput/C1-C2 fixations using intra-laminar screw of axis - A long-term follow-up.  

PubMed

Background. The surgical management of the craniocervical junction is challenging. Rigid posterior fixation of occiput/C1-C2 can be performed using a variety of surgical techniques including C2 pedicle/pars interarticularis, transarticular and intralaminar screw fixations. Methods. Forty-one patients were treated with occipital plate/C1 lateral mass and C2 intra-laminar screw fixations for basilar invagination and congenital atlantoaxial subluxation, post-traumatic instability, tuberculous and rheumatoid arthritis-associated atlantoaxial dislocation. Out of forty-one, thirty-six patients had bilateral crossing intra-laminar screws and five had ipsilateral laminar screw fixation bilaterally. Results. Follow-up was done in thirty-nine patients from 6 months to 8 years (mean: 21 months) and solid osseous fusion could be achieved in all (100%). One patient was lost to follow-up and another patient died of a cause unrelated to surgical technique. Pre-operative and post-operative Neurosurgical Cervical Spine Scale showed improvement in all patients having features of myelopathy. There were no neurological or vascular complications. However, nine patients had posterior laminar breach, eight had anterior laminar penetrations and three had wound infections. One patient had transient bulbar palsy and one patient had hardware failure in the form of avulsion of the midline occipital plate. Conclusions. Intra-laminar screw fixation is a safe alternative to transarticular and transpedicular/pars interarticularis fixation of C2 with advantage of having no risk of injury to vertebral artery and comparable biomechanical and pull-out strength. PMID:25472926

Sinha, Sanjiv; Jagetia, Anita; Aher, Rajendra B; Butte, Manoj Kumar V

2014-12-01

296

[Long-term effects of prescription drugs in 174 patients treated for myocardial infarction, followed up from 4 to 5 years (the DEVENIR study)].  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to document changes in drug prescription after myocardial infarction. One hundred and seventy four men with typical myocardial infarction recensed by the Toulouse MONICA centre between 1989 and 1990 were followed up for 4.5 years. A copy of their drug prescription was obtained during the acute phase of infarction, at the time of discharge from hospital or clinic, after 6 months, and finally, after 4.5 years after infarction. During the acute phase, the majority of patients received nitrate derivatives, platelet antiaggregants, calcium antagonists, betablockers and antiarrhythmics. Between hospital discharge and the sixth month, the prescription of lipid lowering drugs quadrupled (from 8 to 33%; p < 0.00001) and those of platelet anti-aggregants decreased (from 82 to 70%; p < 0.01). The prescriptions of other drugs remained relatively stable. Between the 6th month and the 4th year of follow-up the only prescription to increase significantly was that of ACE inhibitors (from 14 to 23%; p < 0.03). The other prescriptions were maintained: platelet anti-aggregants (70% at 6 months vs 75% at 4.5 years), nitrate derivatives (59 vs 51%), betablockers (51 vs 52%), calcium antagonists (51 vs 48%), lipid lowering drugs (33 vs 42%), diuretics (3 vs 6%) and inotropic agents (2 vs 2%). Overall analysis showed an increase in the prescriptions of lipid-lowering agents (p < 0.00001) and ACE inhibitors (p < 0.002). On the other hand, the prescriptions of calcium antagonists and nitrate derivatives tended to decrease. These results show that the treatment of patients with coronary artery disease is based on drugs of proven efficacy, reflecting the impact of large scale therapeutic trials on everyday medical practice. PMID:8678736

Graille, V; Ferrières, J; Marques-Vidal, P; Ruidavets, J B; Rodier, P; Cambou, J P

1996-01-01

297

Long-Term Impact of Battle Injuries; Five-Year Follow-Up of Injured Dutch Servicemen in Afghanistan 2006-2010  

PubMed Central

Objectives Units deployed to armed conflicts are at high risk for exposure to combat events. Many battle casualties (BCs) have been reported in the recent deployment to Afghanistan. The long-term impact of these combat injuries, at their five-year end point, is currently unknown. To date, no systematic inventory has been performed of an identified group of BCs in comparison to non-injured service members from the same operational theatre. Design Observational cross-sectional cohort study. Setting Open online survey among Dutch BCs that deployed to Afghanistan (2006–2010). Participants The Dutch BCs (n = 62) were compared to two control groups of non-injured combat groups (battle exposed [n = 53], and non-battle exposed [n = 73]). Main Outcome Measures Participants rated their impact of trauma exposure (Impact of Events [IES]), post deployment reintegration (Post Deployment Reintegration Scale [PDRS]), general symptoms of distress (Symptom Checklist 90 [SCL-90]), as well as their current perceived quality of life (EuroQol-6D [EQ-6D]). Also cost effectiveness (Short From health survey [SF-36]) and care consumption were assessed (Trimbos/iMTA questionnaire). Results Over 90% of BCs were still in active duty. The mean scores of all questionnaires (IES, EQ-6D, SF-36, and SCL-90) of the BC group were significantly higher than in the control groups (p<0.05). The PDRS showed a significantly lower (p<0.05) outcome in the negative subscales. The mean consumption of care was triple that of both control groups. A lower score on quality of life was related to higher levels of distress and impact of trauma exposure. Conclusions This study showed a clear long-term impact on a wide range of scales that contributes to a reduced quality of life in a group of BCs. Low perceived cost effectiveness matched with high consumption of care in the BC group in comparison to the control groups. These results warrant continuous monitoring of BCs. PMID:25643003

Hoencamp, Rigo; Idenburg, Floris J.; van Dongen, Thijs T. C. F.; de Kruijff, Loes G. M.; Huizinga, Eelco P.; Plat, Marie-Christine J.; Hoencamp, Erik; Leenen, Luke P. H.; Hamming, Jaap F.; Vermetten, Eric

2015-01-01

298

[Long-term outcome of lipomodeling in Poland's syndrome: About our first case with an eleven-year's follow-up].  

PubMed

Poland's syndrome is a rare congenital malformation with thoracic and breast deformities very difficult to treat. Several techniques can be used involving, sometimes, implant insertion. Most of the classic techniques could not be used in this patient. Particularly, the transfer of the latissimus dorsi flap could not be performed because of the agenesis of the muscle. Lipomodeling is used, in our team, for breast reconstruction since 1998. This case was described and published one year after the end of the reconstruction in 2004. The immediate outcome appeared very satisfying and effective but some surgeons remained skeptical. An important question remains: what about the long-term efficiency and stability of the reconstruction? In this review, we report our first case of severe Poland's syndrome treated eleven years ago with lipomodeling. The patient was twelve years old. She had a severe form of Poland's syndrome. Five fat grafting sessions were performed between 2001 and 2003, for a total transfer of 809ml. Today, outcome is very satisfying with a natural breast shape, consistency and sensitivity. An increase of volume in the reconstructed breast is noted. It is due to a rapid and significant weight gain by the patient. We performed two shorts movies describing this outcome one year and ten years after the reconstruction. It confirms the stability and the sustainability of the reconstruction. Lipomodeling does not interfere with breast ultrasound surveillance. Fat grafting deeply improved outcomes and management of thoracic and breast deformities in Poland's syndrome. PMID:25001416

Coudurier, J; Ho Quoc, C; Ismail, M; Dlimi, C; Tourasse, C; Delay, E

2015-02-01

299

Long-Term Follow-Up of a Child with Autoimmune Thyroiditis and Recurrent Hyperthyroidism in the Absence of TSH Receptor Antibodies  

PubMed Central

Hashitoxicosis is an initial, transient, hyperthyroid phase that rarely affects patients with Hashimoto thyroiditis. We present here an unusual case of a child with Hashimoto thyroiditis and recurrent hyperthyroidism. A 4?yr 6/12 old male was diagnosed by us with autoimmune subclinical hypothyroidism (normal free T4, slightly elevated TSH, and elevated TG antibody titer). Two years and 6/12 later he experienced increased appetite and poor weight gain; a laboratory evaluation revealed suppressed TSH, elevated free T4, and normal TSI titer. In addition, an I123 thyroid uptake was borderline-low. A month later, the free T4 had normalized. After remaining asymptomatic for 3 years, the patient presented again with increased appetite, and he was found with low TSH and high free T4. Within the following 3 months, his free T4 and TSH normalized. At his most recent evaluation, his TSH was normal and the free T4 was borderline-high; the TG antibody titer was still elevated and the TSI titer was negative. To our knowledge, this is the first patient reported with Hashimoto thyroiditis and recurrent hyperthyroidism. This case exemplifies the variability of the manifestations and natural history of Hashimoto thyroiditis and supports the need for a long-term evaluation of patients with autoimmune thyroid disease. PMID:25114812

Dunne, Christopher

2014-01-01

300

Long-Term Follow-Up of a Child with Autoimmune Thyroiditis and Recurrent Hyperthyroidism in the Absence of TSH Receptor Antibodies.  

PubMed

Hashitoxicosis is an initial, transient, hyperthyroid phase that rarely affects patients with Hashimoto thyroiditis. We present here an unusual case of a child with Hashimoto thyroiditis and recurrent hyperthyroidism. A 4?yr 6/12 old male was diagnosed by us with autoimmune subclinical hypothyroidism (normal free T4, slightly elevated TSH, and elevated TG antibody titer). Two years and 6/12 later he experienced increased appetite and poor weight gain; a laboratory evaluation revealed suppressed TSH, elevated free T4, and normal TSI titer. In addition, an I(123) thyroid uptake was borderline-low. A month later, the free T4 had normalized. After remaining asymptomatic for 3 years, the patient presented again with increased appetite, and he was found with low TSH and high free T4. Within the following 3 months, his free T4 and TSH normalized. At his most recent evaluation, his TSH was normal and the free T4 was borderline-high; the TG antibody titer was still elevated and the TSI titer was negative. To our knowledge, this is the first patient reported with Hashimoto thyroiditis and recurrent hyperthyroidism. This case exemplifies the variability of the manifestations and natural history of Hashimoto thyroiditis and supports the need for a long-term evaluation of patients with autoimmune thyroid disease. PMID:25114812

Dunne, Christopher; De Luca, Francesco

2014-01-01

301

Long-term follow-up of bone density, general and reproductive health in female survivors after treatment for haematological malignancies.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to assess the ovarian function, fertility and bone mineral density in women who previously had treatment for different haematological malignancies (HMs). The overall survival and cure rates of patients with HMs have improved dramatically. The treatment affects fertility and bone density. Fifty-two premenopausal women, from Stockholm region, were included in the study between 1998 and 2002, followed until 2011. The diagnoses were acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (n = 6), acute myeloid leukaemia (n = 10), chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (n = 1), chronic myeloid leukaemia (n = 12), Hodgkin lymphoma (n = 12) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (n = 11). Before treatment, women without children (43/52), when possible, were offered fertility preservation options. The mean age at diagnosis was 27, at final evaluation 39 yr. Thirty-seven patients received HSCT; 26 allogeneic, 11 autologous. Before allogeneic HSCT, nineteen patients had myeloablative conditioning; seven had reduced-intensity conditioning. Eleven patients got total body irradiation. Eight patients were transplanted with grafts from an HLA-identical sibling donor, while 18 had unrelated donors. All women were in a menopausal state post-therapy. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) was given, and bone mineral density (BMD) was measured every other year. The serum levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH), free and bound calcium was within normal range. BMD measurements showed a slight increase over time in the spine with a mean of 0.015 g/cm(2) /yr. Four spontaneous pregnancies resulted in two babies and two discontinued pregnancies; two pregnancies were achieved with oocyte donation and surrogacy and one woman adopted a child. HRT sustains BMD in long-term survivors from HMs. This study highlights the importance of HRT and fertility issues in this patient group. PMID:24649942

Naessén, Sabine; Bergström, Ingrid; Ljungman, Per; Landgren, Britt-Marie

2014-08-01

302

Long-Term Exercise Training for an Individual With Mixed Corticobasal Degeneration and Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Features: 10-Year Case Report Follow-up  

PubMed Central

Background and Purpose This case report describes the effects of long-term (10-year) participation in a community exercise program for a client with mixed features of corticobasal degeneration (CBD) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). The effects of exercise participation on both functional status and brain volume are described. Case Description A 60-year-old male dentist initially reported changes in gait and limb coordination. He received a diagnosis of atypical CBD at age 66 years; PSP was added at age 72 years. At age 70 years, the client began a therapist-led community group exercise program for people with Parkinson disease (PD). The program included trunk and lower extremity stretching and strengthening, upright balance and strengthening, and both forward and backward treadmill walking. The client participated twice weekly for 1 hour for 10 years and was reassessed in years 9 to 10. Outcomes Falls (self-reported weekly over the 10-year period of the study by the client and his wife) decreased from 1.9 falls per month in year 1 to 0.3 falls per month in year 10. Balance, walking endurance, and general mobility declined slightly. Gait speed (both comfortable and fast) declined; the client was unable to vary gait speed. Quantitative brain measurements indicated a slow rate of whole brain volume loss and ventricular expansion compared with clients with autopsy-proven CBD or PSP. Discussion This client has participated consistently in a regular group exercise program for 10 years. He has reduced fall frequency, maintained balance and endurance, and retained community ambulation using a walker. Combined with the slow rate of brain volume loss, this evidence supports the efficacy of a regular exercise program to prolong longevity and maintain function in people with CBD or PSP. PMID:24114439

Boeve, Bradley F.; Petersen, Cheryl M.; Dvorak, Leah; Kantarci, Kejal

2014-01-01

303

Open reduction and internal fixation of extracapsular mandibular condyle fractures: a long-term clinical and radiological follow-up of 25 patients  

PubMed Central

Background During the last 2 decades, many studies on the treatment of mandibular condyle fracture have been published. The incidence of mandibular condyle fractures is variable, ranging from 17.5% to 52% of all mandibular fractures. This retrospective study evaluated the long-term clinical and radiological outcomes after surgical treatment of 25 patients with a total of 26 extracapsular condyle fractures. Methods We used 2 types of surgical approaches, the retromandibular retroparotid or preauricular approach. Three kinds of rigid internal fixation plates were used—single plate, double plate, and trapezoidal plate. The following post-operative clinical parameters were evaluated: dental occlusion, facial nerve functionality, skin scarring, and temporomandibular joint functionality. All patients underwent post-operative orthopanoramic radiography and computed tomography. The patients were also monitored for complications such as Frey’s syndrome, infection, salivary fistula, plate fracture, and permanent paralysis of the facial nerve; the patient’s satisfaction was also recorded. Results Of the 25 patients, 80% showed occlusion recovery, 88% had no facial nerve injury, and 88% presented good surgical skin scarring. The patients showed early complete recovery of temporomandibular joint functionality and 72% of them were found to be asymptomatic. The postoperative radiographs of all patients indicated good recovery of the anatomical condylar region, and 80% of them had no postoperative complications. The average degree of patient satisfaction was 8.32 out of 10. Our results confirm that the technique of open reduction and internal fixation in association with postoperative functional rehabilitation therapy should be considered for treating patients with extracapsular condylar fractures. Conclusion The topic of condylar injury has generated more discussion and controversy than any other topic in the field of maxillofacial trauma. We confirm that open reduction and internal fixation is the treatment of choice for patients with neck and sub-condylar mandibular fractures. PMID:25196114

2014-01-01

304

Long-term Follow-up of the Genital Organs and Eye Lenses in Three Cases of Acute Radiation Sickness from a 60Co Radiation Accident in China.  

PubMed

A follow-up study aimed primarily at investigating late radiation effects on the genital organs and eye lenses was performed between 1999 and 2010 on three individuals who suffered from acute radiation sickness in China. The examination included a medical history, a physical examination, ultrasonography, laboratory analysis, and an ophthalmologic examination. In Case 1, amenorrhea occurred after exposure to a Co source. The uterus and ovaries were significantly narrowed in the second year following exposure. The estradiol level decreased significantly during the first 3 y; progesterone was lowest in the second year; and levels of follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone increased, especially in the first year. The lenses in both eyes appeared opaque 6 mo after the exposure, resulting in a gradual deterioration in visual acuity. In Case 2 (8 y old), the levels of testosterone and estradiol were normal. In Case 3, the levels of testosterone and estradiol were also normal, but the sperm count was 0 from 6 mo to 1 y, and the proportion of abnormal sperm was increased from 3-5 y after the accident. The lenses in Case 3 also began to turn opaque in the ninth year after the accident. In Case 1, the ovarian function was reduced, leading to amenorrhea and early menopause. In Case 3, the sperm count was reduced and the number of abnormal sperm was increased due to testicular damage by radiation. Radiation-induced cataracts occurred in both Case 1 and Case 3. PMID:25437514

Xing, Zhi Wei; Jiang, En Hai; Du, Jian Ying; Zhao, Feng Ling; Fu, Bao Hua; Jiang, Li Ping; Wang, Xiao Guang; Zhao, Xin Ran; Liu, Qiang; Jiang, Bo

2015-01-01

305

Increased P-Wave and QT Dispersions Necessitate Long-Term Follow-up Evaluation of Down Syndrome Patients With Congenitally Normal Hearts.  

PubMed

Reports state that Down syndrome (DS) patients with congenitally normal hearts might experience the development of cardiac abnormalities such as cardiac autonomic dysfunction, valvular lesions, bradycardia, and atrioventricular block. However, the presence of any difference in terms of P-wave dispersion (PWd) and QT dispersion (QTd) was not evaluated previously. This study prospectively investigated 100 DS patients with structurally normal hearts and 100 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects. Standard 12-lead electrocardiograms were used to assess and compare P-wave and QT durations together with PWd and QTd. The median age of the DS patients and control subjects was 48 months. Heart rates and P-wave and QT dispersions were significantly greater in the DS group than in the control group (113 ± 22.9 vs 98.8 ± 16.6 bpm, p < 0.001; 31.3 ± 9.5 vs 24 ± 8.6 ms, p < 0.001; and 46.6 ± 15.9 vs 26 ± 9.1 ms, p < 0.001, respectively). A positive correlation was found between PWd and age in the DS patients (p < 0.05; r = 0.2). All children with DS should be followed up carefully with electrocardiography in terms of increased P-wave and QT dispersions even in the absence of concomitant congenital heart disease for management of susceptibility to arryhthmias. PMID:24859169

Karadeniz, Cem; Ozdemir, Rahmi; Demir, Fikri; Yozgat, Y?lmaz; Küçük, Mehmet; Oner, Talia; Karaarslan, Utku; Me?e, Timur; Unal, Nurettin

2014-12-01

306

LH-RH analogues in the treatment of young women with early breast cancer: Long-term follow-up of a phase II study.  

PubMed

To prevent premature ovarian failure (POF), high-risk, premenopausal women with early breast cancer were given a luteinizing-hormone releasing hormone (LH-RH) analogue during adjuvant chemotherapy. After an adriamycin-based regimen, patients received radiation therapy concomitant with cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil. An aromatase inhibitor was given to patients positive for the estrogen receptor (ER+). The median age was 43 years (range, 26-45). Among 200 consecutive patients, 46% had no axillary node, and 54% had a mean of 5.4 positive nodes (range, 1-25); 56% were ER+, 44% were estrogen receptor negative (ER-), 13% were triple negative, and 20 had tumors positive for the oncogene, c-erb-B2 (identified with fluorescent in situ hybridization). After a median follow-up of 105 months (range, 65-180), no patient under 40 years old exhibited POF, while 44% of patients over 40 years old exhibited POF. Eight pregnancies were recorded: 7 at term and 1 voluntary interruption. The 10-year disease-free survival and overall survival rates were 85 and 91%, respectively. These data showed that, in premenopausal patients with early breast cancer, the addition of an LH-RH analogue to adjuvant chemotherapy was well tolerated, prevented POF, and was associated with excellent disease-free survival and overall survival rates. PMID:25572674

Recchia, Francesco; Necozione, Stefano; Bratta, Massimo; Rosselli, Michele; Guerriero, Gabriele; Rea, Silvio

2015-03-01

307

Long-term follow-up of imatinib in pediatric Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia: Children’s Oncology Group Study AALL0031  

PubMed Central

We previously reported preliminary findings that post induction imatinib mesylate (340 mg/m2/day), in combination with intensive chemotherapy, resulted in outcomes similar to blood and marrow transplant (BMT) for pediatric patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph + ) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We now report 5-year outcomes of imatinib plus intensive chemotherapy in 91 children (1–21 years) with and without allogeneic BMT (N = 91). We explore the impacts of additional chromosomal abnormalities and minimal residual disease (MRD) by flow cytometry on outcomes. The 5-year disease-free survival was similar for Cohort 5 patients, treated with chemotherapy plus imatinib (70% ± 12%, n = 28), sibling donor BMT patients (65% ± 11%, n = 21) and unrelated donor BMT patients (59 ± 15%; P = 0.60, n = 13). Patients with additional cytogenetic abnormalities had worse outcomes (P = 0.05). End induction (pre-imatinib) MRD was not prognostic for Cohort 5 or allogeneic BMT patients, although limited by small numbers. The re-induction rate following relapse was similar to other higher-risk ALL groups. Longer-term follow-up confirms our initial observation of substantially good outcomes for children and adolescents with Ph + ALL treated with imatinib plus intensive chemotherapy with no advantage for allogeneic BMT. PMID:24441288

Schultz, KR; Carroll, A; Heerema, NA; Bowman, WP; Aledo, A; Slayton, WB; Sather, H; Devidas, M; Zheng, HW; Davies, SM; Gaynon, PS; Trigg, M; Rutledge, R; Jorstad, D; Winick, N; Borowitz, MJ; Hunger, SP; Carroll, WL; Camitta, B

2014-01-01

308

[The evaluation of the nutritional condition and the absorptive capacity in long-term follow-up of infants with short bowel syndrome].  

PubMed

The nutritional conditions and absorptive capacity of nine infants with short bowel syndrome were investigated during a long follow-up period from one and half years to 14 years and 7 months. The length of the residual small intestine ranged between 13 and 90cm. The nine infants had normal meals at home and did not suffer from persistent diarrhea. Most of the infants were thin. Nutritional conditions, for example, serum protein, triglycerides, vitamins, trace elements and plasma amino acids, were kept relatively well, and there were no symptoms of deficiency. The results of D-xylose absorption test had gradually improved but the absorptive capacity of sugars and amino acids observed by potential differences were within the normal limits or slightly subnormal except one infant. This indicated that the absorptive capacity of sugars and amino acids per a given area of the residual small intestine did not increase. From our examination the critical length of intestine might be in the neighborhood of 50cm. The infants left with less than 50cm of small intestine seem to have grown up normally but malabsorption of fat, sugars and bile acids have continued for many years. PMID:4033627

Ohkohchi, N; Igarashi, Y; Abe, H; Ohi, R; Kasai, M

1985-06-01

309

Topical corticosteroids versus "wait and see" in the management of solitary mastocytoma in pediatric patients: a long-term follow-up.  

PubMed

Management of patients affected by mastocytoma (MS) includes avoiding triggering factors of mast cell degranulation, and administration of symptomatic treatment. We evaluated topical steroid treatment efficiency on the clinical course of MS in a group of patients, comparing the results with another untreated group.We retrospectively evaluated clinical data of 176 patients under 15 years of age, affected by MS and referred to our Dermatological Pediatric Service from 1996 to 2010. Ninety-one of 176 children were treated with topical steroids. Follow-up was possible in 130 of 176 patients and lasted for 56.3 months on average. We compared 62 treated and 68 untreated patients. There was not statistic difference between the two groups: (i) in the number of healed or partially improved cases; and (ii) in the time of partial regression, although it is quicker with therapy. The time of healing is 16.4 months (on average) with treatment, and 34.7 months (on average, p = 0.001) without any treatment. The resolution of MS is independent of therapy administration, but the time of healing is statistically faster using the local steroids. An appropriate treatment with them is effective and safe, considering the long time needed for spontaneous resolution. PMID:25471152

Patrizi, Annalisa; Tabanelli, Michela; Neri, Iria; Virdi, Annalucia

2014-12-01

310

Long-Term Evaluation of Patients Undergoing Genitoplasty due to Disorders of Sex Development: Results from a 14-Year Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

Purpose. To summarize the experience in treating patients with genitoplasty due to disorders of sex development in China. Methods. The operative procedures, gender of rearing, surgical outcome, and psychosocial and family adjustments of 262 patients were reviewed retrospectively. Results. At initial diagnosis, the mean age was 14.3 ± 2.8 years (range: 2–38 years). There were 96 children, 133 adolescents, and 33 adults. Follow-up was done every 6 months. Patients with female sex assignment had no urinary incontinence or voiding difficulty. Five patients underwent the second surgery (3%); vaginal dilation was performed in 35 patients with postoperative vaginal stenosis; 12 patients (7.4%) were unsatisfactory with the outcome. For patients with male sex assignment, the median length of penis was 2.2?cm in prepubertal patients, 4.2?cm in pubertal patients, and 5.0?cm in adults; 39 patients developed postvoid dribbling (39%); 21 patients underwent a second surgery (21%); urethral dilation was done in 28 patients (28%) due to urethral stricture; 38 patients were unsatisfactory with the outcome (38%). In addition, 136 patients (83%) with female sex assignment and 54 (54%) with male sex assignment had favorable psychosocial adjustment. Conclusions. Patients with male sex assignment have more surgical complications and difficulties in psychosocial adjustment as compared to those with female sex assignment. PMID:24376381

Zhang, Heng; Pan, Jinhong; Ji, Huixiang; Wang, Yongquan; Shen, Wenhao; Liu, Limei; Lu, Gensheng; Zhou, Zhansong

2013-01-01

311

Long-term follow-up of imatinib in pediatric Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia: Children's Oncology Group study AALL0031.  

PubMed

We previously reported preliminary findings that post induction imatinib mesylate (340?mg/m(2)/day), in combination with intensive chemotherapy, resulted in outcomes similar to blood and marrow transplant (BMT) for pediatric patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We now report 5-year outcomes of imatinib plus intensive chemotherapy in 91 children (1-21 years) with and without allogeneic BMT (N=91). We explore the impacts of additional chromosomal abnormalities and minimal residual disease (MRD) by flow cytometry on outcomes. The 5-year disease-free survival was similar for Cohort 5 patients, treated with chemotherapy plus imatinib (70%±12%, n=28), sibling donor BMT patients (65%±11%, n=21) and unrelated donor BMT patients (59±15%; P=0.60, n=13). Patients with additional cytogenetic abnormalities had worse outcomes (P=0.05). End induction (pre-imatinib) MRD was not prognostic for Cohort 5 or allogeneic BMT patients, although limited by small numbers. The re-induction rate following relapse was similar to other higher-risk ALL groups. Longer-term follow-up confirms our initial observation of substantially good outcomes for children and adolescents with Ph+ ALL treated with imatinib plus intensive chemotherapy with no advantage for allogeneic BMT. PMID:24441288

Schultz, K R; Carroll, A; Heerema, N A; Bowman, W P; Aledo, A; Slayton, W B; Sather, H; Devidas, M; Zheng, H W; Davies, S M; Gaynon, P S; Trigg, M; Rutledge, R; Jorstad, D; Winick, N; Borowitz, M J; Hunger, S P; Carroll, W L; Camitta, B

2014-07-01

312

Clinical Performance of Hybrid Capture 2 Human Papillomavirus Testing for Recurrent High-Grade Cervical/Vaginal Intraepithelial Neoplasm in Patients With an ASC-US Papanicolaou Test Result During Long-Term Posttherapy Follow-up Monitoring.  

PubMed

Context .- Women who have been treated for high-grade cervical or vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN or VAIN) or invasive carcinoma are at risk for recurrent/persistent disease and require long-term monitoring. The role of human papillomavirus (HPV) testing in this setting is unclear. Objective .- To evaluate the clinical performance of the Hybrid Capture 2 (HC2) HPV test for recurrent/residual high-grade CIN or VAIN in patients with a posttherapy abnormal squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) Papanicolaou test result. Design .- We reviewed the follow-up data on 100 patients who had an ASC-US Papanicolaou test and HC2 HPV results after treatment for high-grade CIN/VAIN or carcinoma. Human papillomavirus genotyping was performed for women with a negative HC2 result whose follow-up biopsy revealed CIN/VAIN 2+. Results .- The patients' mean age was 47 years. The HC2 test result was positive in 33% of the patients. Follow-up biopsy was available for 17 of these patients (52%) and for 25 of the 67 patients (37%) with a negative HC2 result. A total of 5 of the patients (29%) with a positive HC2 result and 2 of the patients (8%) with a negative HC2 result had CIN/VAIN 3 on follow-up biopsy, a statistically insignificant difference (P = .10). Human papillomavirus 16/18 genotypes were detected in the CIN/VAIN 2+ lesions of 5 patients with a negative HC2 result. Conclusion s.- HC2 yielded a false-negative rate of 8% for CIN 3. HC2 testing therefore may not be sufficient for triage of patients with an ASC-US Papanicolaou test result. Patients with ASC-US during long-term posttherapy follow-up need close monitoring, with colposcopic evaluation if clinically indicated. PMID:25611104

De Vivar, Andrea Diaz; Dawlett, Marilyn; Wang, Jian-Ping; Jack, Annie; Gong, Yun; Staerkel, Gregg; Guo, Ming

2015-02-01

313

Piriformis Syndrome: Long-Term Follow-up in Patients Treated with Percutaneous Injection of Anesthetic and Corticosteroid Under CT Guidance  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of CT-guided injection of anesthetic and corticosteroid for the treatment of pain in patients with piriformis syndrome unresponsive to conservative treatment. Methods: We enrolled 23 patients with piriformis syndrome, proposing a percutaneous intramuscular injection of methylprednisone-lidocaine. Among them, 13 patients accepted and 10 refused to undergo the procedure; the second group was used as a control group. Clinical evaluation was performed with four maneuvers (Lasegue sign, FAIR test, Beatty and Freiberg maneuver) and a VAS questionnaire before the injection, after 5-7 days, and after 2 months. A telephonic follow-up was conducted to 3, 6, and 12 months. Results: Procedural success was achieved in all patients who were treated without any complications. After 2 months, among 13 treated subjects, 2 of 13 patients showed positivity to FAIR test (hip flexion, adduction, and internal rotation), 2 of 13 were positive to Lasegue sign, and the Beatty maneuver was positive in 1 patient. Patients who underwent conservative treatment were positive respectively in 7 of 10 (p = 0.01), 6 of 10 (p = 0.03), and 6 of 10 (p = 0.01). The VAS score showed a difference between patients treated with percutaneous approach and those managed with conservative therapy at the baseline evaluation (p = 0.04), after 2 months (p = 0.02), and 12 months (p = 0.002). We observed a significant reduction in pain for patients treated percutaneously, who were evaluated with the VAS scale at 5-7 days, 2 months, 3, 6, and 12 months (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Our findings suggested potential benefit from the percutaneous injection of anesthetics and corticosteroids under CT guidance for the treatment of piriformis syndrome.

Masala, Salvatore, E-mail: salva.masala@tiscali.it; Crusco, Sonia, E-mail: sonia.crusco@fastwebnet.it; Meschini, Alessandro, E-mail: a.mesko@libero.it; Taglieri, Amedeo, E-mail: Amedeo.Taglieri@libero.it; Calabria, Eros, E-mail: eros.calabria@libero.it; Simonetti, Giovanni, E-mail: Giovanni.Simonetti@uniroma2.it [Fondazione Policlinico 'Tor Vergata,', Department of Diagnostic and Molecular Imaging, Interventional Radiology and Radiation Therapy (Italy)

2012-04-15

314

Tumor Shrinkage Assessed by Volumetric MRI in Long-Term Follow-Up After Fractionated Stereotactic Radiotherapy of Nonfunctioning Pituitary Adenoma  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate tumor control and side effects associated with fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) in the management of residual or recurrent nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs). Methods and Materials: We assessed exact tumor volume shrinkage in 16 patients with NFPA after FSRT. All patients had previously undergone surgery. Gross tumor volume (GTV) was outlined on contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before and median 63 months (range, 28-100 months) after FSRT. MRI was performed as an axial three-dimensional gradient echo T1-weighted sequence at 1.6-mm slice thickness without gap (3D MRI). Results: Mean tumor size of all 16 pituitary adenomas before treatment was 7.4 mL (3.3-18.9 mL). We found shrinkage of the treated pituitary adenoma in all patients. Within a median follow-up of 63 months (28-100 months) an absolute mean volume reduction of 3.8 mL (0.9-12.4 mL) was seen. The mean relative size reduction compared with the volume before radiotherapy was 51% (22%-95%). Shrinkage measured by 3D MRI was greater at longer time intervals after radiotherapy. A strong negative correlation between the initial tumor volume and the absolute volume reduction after FSRT was found. There was no correlation between tumor size reduction and patient age, sex, or number of previous surgeries. Conclusions: By using 3D MRI in all patients undergoing FSRT of an NFPA, tumor shrinkage is detected. Our data demonstrate that volumetric assessment based on 3D MRI adds additional information to routinely used radiological response measurements. After FSRT a mean relative size reduction of 51% can be expected within 5 years.

Kopp, Christine, E-mail: Christine.Kopp@lrz.tu-muenchen.de [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Strahlentherapie und Radiologische Onkologie, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Munich (Germany); Theodorou, Marilena; Poullos, Nektarios; Jacob, Vesna; Astner, Sabrina T.; Molls, Michael [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Strahlentherapie und Radiologische Onkologie, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Munich (Germany); Grosu, Anca-Ligia [Klinik fuer Strahlenheilkunde, Universitaet Freiburg, Freiburg (Germany)

2012-03-01

315

Adverse Events in the Long-Term Follow-Up of Patients Treated With Samarium Sm 153 Lexidronam for Osseous Metastases  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To investigate adverse events after samarium Sm 153 lexidronam and the effect of pre- and post-samarium Sm 153 lexidronam external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) and/or chemotherapy on myelosuppression in patients who received samarium Sm 153 lexidronam for osseous metastases. Methods and Materials: We performed a single-institution retrospective review of 139 patients treated with samarium Sm 153 lexidronam between November 1997 and February 2008. New-onset adverse events after samarium Sm 153 lexidronam were reported. The effect of samarium Sm 153 lexidronam on platelet and peripheral white blood cell counts and the duration of myelosuppression after samarium Sm 153 lexidronam plus EBRT and/or chemotherapy were calculated. Differences in the prevalence of adverse events among patients with varying treatment histories were evaluated with the Pearson chi-square test. Results: Hematologic follow-up was available for 103 patients. Chemotherapy and/or EBRT had no effect on the magnitude or duration of myelosuppression. The most common nonhematologic adverse events were acute lower extremity edema (n = 27) and acute and transient neuropathy (n = 29). Patients treated with chemotherapy after samarium Sm 153 lexidronam had a higher prevalence of lower extremity edema (9 of 18 [50%]) than those who were not treated with chemotherapy after samarium Sm 153 lexidronam (18 of 85 [21.2%]) (p = 0.01, chi-square test). No adverse events were correlated with EBRT. Conclusions: Our observation of new-onset, acute and transient edema and neuropathy after samarium Sm 153 lexidronam and of a relationship between edema and post-samarium Sm 153 lexidronam chemotherapy suggests the need for re-examination of patients in past series or for a prospective investigation with nonhematologic adverse events as a primary endpoint.

Paravati, Anthony J., E-mail: Anthony.J.Paravati@dartmouth.edu [Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH (United States); Russo, Andrea L. [Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH (United States); Aitken, Candice [Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH (United States); Department of Medicine, Section of Radiation Oncology, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH (Lebanon)

2011-10-01

316

Cohort profile: The Japan Diabetes Complications Study: a long-term follow-up of a randomised lifestyle intervention study of type 2 diabetes.  

PubMed

The Japan Diabetes Complications Study, a randomised lifestyle intervention study of type 2 diabetes conducted at 59 institutes throughout Japan that enrolled 2033 eligible patients from January 1995 to March 1996, was directed at: (i) determining the incidence and progression rates of complications of diabetes; (ii) exploring clinical risk factors for complications of diabetes; and (iii) determining the association between lifestyle factors, including diet and physical activity, and complications of diabetes, in addition to comparing, in a randomised manner, the effects on type 2 diabetes of an extensive lifestyle intervention and conventional treatment. The protocol for the study originally specified four study populations according to primary outcomes, consisting of: (1) a macroangiopathy group (N = 1771); (ii) a nephropathy group (N = 1607); (iii) a retinopathy-incident group (N = 1221); and (iv) a retinopathy-progression group (N = 410). The primary outcomes were: (i) development of retinopathy; (ii) progression of retinopathy; (iii) development of overt nephropathy; and (iv) occurrence of macroangiopathic events including proven coronary heart disease and stroke. The study was originally planned to follow patients for 8 years, and an extended follow-up is ongoing. Information about primary outcomes, laboratory tests, and other clinical variables for each patient was collected at a central data centre through an annual report from each investigator. Additionally, extensive lifestyle surveys were conducted at baseline and 5 years after the beginning of the study intervention in both the intervention and conventional treatment groups. A description of the occurrence of complications of diabetes and of all-cause mortality, provided in this paper, demonstrated a clear gender-based difference in cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality. PMID:23687126

Tanaka, Shiro; Tanaka, Sachiko; Iimuro, Satoshi; Yamashita, Hidetoshi; Katayama, Shigehiro; Ohashi, Yasuo; Akanuma, Yasuo; Yamada, Nobuhiro; Sone, Hirohito

2014-08-01

317

Single-step transepithelial ASLA (SCHWIND) with mitomycin-C for the correction of high myopia: long term follow-up  

PubMed Central

Purpose We wanted to compare the outcomes of single-step modified transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (tPRK) termed a SCHWIND all surface laser ablation (ASLA) versus conventional alcohol-assisted photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for the correction of higher myopia of 6.00 diopters (D) or more, in an area with high risk of haze due to high intensity of sunlight. Methods We used a prospective interventional cohort with matched retrospective control groups. Patients with >6 D myopia and <3.5 D of astigmatism were included. All treatments were performed with the SCHWIND Amaris system using aspheric ablation profiles. Mitomycin C was used in all PRK and ASLA cases. Outcomes were postoperative refraction, visual acuity, stability, and complications. The follow-up period was up to 12 months. Results In total, 101 eyes were included after exclusions. Mean preoperative spherical equivalent refraction was -7.9 D, -8.2 D, and -7.4 D in the ASLA (n=41), PRK (n=29), and LASIK (n=31) groups. Mean postoperative spherical equivalent at 12 months postoperatively was ?0.1 (standard deviation [SD]: 0.34), ?0.2 (SD: 0.59), and ?0.08 (SD: 0.36) in the ASLA, PRK, and LASIK groups, with 91.4%, 85.7%, and 83.9% within 0.5 D of target, respectively. Refractive outcomes and regression at 12 months did not vary among groups (P>0.05). Mean logMAR (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution) uncorrected distance visual acuity at 12 months was 0.00 (SD: 0.05), 0.06 (SD: 0.1), and 0.05 (SD: 0.09) in the ASLA, PRK, and LASIK groups, with significantly better vision in the tPRK group versus LASIK (P=0.01) and PRK (P=0.01) groups. Conclusion ASLA (SCHWIND) tPRK with mitomycin C for high myopia demonstrates comparable refractive outcomes to LASIK and PRK, with relatively favorable visual acuity outcomes. There was no increased incidence of haze in the ASLA group. PMID:25565766

Aslanides, Ioannis M; Georgoudis, Panagiotis N; Selimis, Vasilis D; Mukherjee, Achyut N

2015-01-01

318

Concurrent chemoradiation therapy with cisplatin and paclitaxel for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer: long-term follow-up of a phase I trial.  

PubMed

The purpose of this trial was to evaluate the feasibility of concurrent paclitaxel/cisplatin and conventional thoracic irradiation in locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Ambulatory patients with medically inoperable or unresectable stage II-III NSCLC, and performance status 0-2 were eligible. Patients were not excluded from this trial if they had lost more than 5% of their body weight during the preceding 3 months, and/or if they had small ipsilateral pleural effusion. The initial dose of paclitaxel/cisplatin was 110 and 50 mg/m(2), and was escalated through five dose levels. Four cycles of chemotherapy were planned; the first two cycles were given concurrently with radiotherapy (4 weeks apart), followed by two additional cycles (every 3 weeks). Conventional chest radiotherapy to a total dose of 60 Gy (2 Gy per day) was delivered in 6 weeks. Forty-three patients were enrolled of which 38 were evaluable for response. Dose-limiting toxicities were grade 4 neutropenia (43% of patients) and grade 3 esophagitis (26% of patients) during the chemoradiotherapy phase. Grade > or = 2 acute and late pulmonary toxicity occurred in 10 and 68% of the patients, respectively. In most patients, prompt symptomatic and radiologic improvement was observed with early steroid administration. The volume of lung receiving 15-30 Gy was correlated with late pulmonary toxicity. The overall response was 84% with ten complete and 22 partial responses. The median survival was 16.5 months (95% confidence interval, 9.5 to 25) for those patients evaluable for response. After a median follow-up of 70 months, 5 (13%) patients are alive without evidence of disease. The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of paclitaxel and cisplatin with concurrent radiotherapy is at dose level 3 paclitaxel (135 mg/m(2)) and cisplatin (75 mg/m(2)). Toxicity, although significant, was manageable in the great majority of the patients. The activity observed with this regimen is particularly noteworthy when considering the advanced nature of these patients, and the fact that patients (N=18) with poor risk factors were included in the study. PMID:12140142

Robert, Francisco; Spencer, Sharon A; Childs, Hoyt A; Zhang, Ruiwen; Meredith, Ruby F; Wheeler, Richard H; Hawkins, Martha H; Carey, Delicia

2002-08-01

319

A Worldwide Collaboration To Harmonize Guidelines For The Long-Term Follow-Up Of Childhood And Young Adult Cancer Survivors: A Report From The International Late Effects Of Childhood Cancer Guideline Harmonization Group  

PubMed Central

Childhood and young adult cancer survivors should receive optimum care to reduce the consequences of late effects and improve quality of life. We can facilitate achieving this goal by international collaboration in guideline development. In 2010 the International Late Effects of Childhood Cancer Guideline Harmonization Group was initiated. The aim of the harmonization endeavor is to establish a common vision and integrated strategy for the surveillance of late effects in childhood and young adult cancer survivors. With the implementation of our evidence-based methods we provide a framework for the harmonization of guidelines for the long-term follow-up of childhood and young adult cancer survivors. PMID:23281199

Kremer, Leontien C.M.; Mulder, Renée L.; Oeffinger, Kevin C.; Bhatia, Smita; Landier, Wendy; Levitt, Gill; Constine, Louis S.; Wallace, W. Hamish; Caron, Huib N.; Armenian, Saro H.; Skinner, Roderick; Hudson, Melissa M.

2013-01-01

320

Long-term Follow-up Results of a Multi-institutional Phase 2 Study of Concurrent Chemoradiation Therapy for Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer in East and Southeast Asia  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To report the long-term survival and toxicity of a multi-institutional phase 2 study of concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT) for locally advanced cervical cancer in east and southeast Asia. Methods and Materials: Ten institutions from 8 Asian countries participated in the study. Between April 2003 and March 2006, 120 patients (60 with bulky stage IIB and 60 with stage IIIB) were treated with CCRT. Radiation therapy consisted of pelvic external beam radiation therapy and either high-dose-rate or low-dose-rate intracavitary brachytherapy. Five cycles of weekly cisplatin (40 mg/m{sup 2}) were administered during the course of radiation therapy. Treatment results were evaluated by the rates of local control, overall survival, and late toxicities. Results: Median follow-up was 63.7 months, and the follow-up rate at 5 years was 98%. The 5-year local control and overall survival rates for all patients were 76.8% and 55.1%, respectively. The 5-year rates of major late toxicities of the rectum and bladder were 7.9% and 0%, respectively. Conclusions: The long-term results have suggested that CCRT is safe and effective for patients with locally advanced cervical cancer in east and southeast Asia. However, further efforts are needed to improve overall survival.

Kato, Shingo, E-mail: s_kato@saitama-med.ac.jp [Department of Radiation Oncology, International Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, Saitama (Japan); National Institute of Radiological Sciences of Japan, Chiba (Japan); Ohno, Tatsuya [Gunma University Heavy Ion Medical Center, Gunma University, Gunma (Japan); Thephamongkhol, Kullathorn; Chansilpa, Yaowalak [Division of Radiation Oncology, Department of Radiology, Siriraj Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok (Thailand); Cao, Jianping [School of Radiation Medicine and Public Health, Soochow University, Soochow (China); Xu, Xiaoting [Department of Radiation Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Soochow (China); Devi, C. R. Beena; Swee, Tang Tieng [Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, Hospital Umum Sarawak, Kuching (Malaysia); Calaguas, Miriam J.C. [Department of Radiation Oncology, St. Luke's Medical Center, Quezon City, the Philippines (Philippines); Reyes, Rey H. de los [Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dr Jose R. Reyes Memorial Medical Center, Manila, the Philippines (Philippines); Cho, Chul-Koo [Department of Radiation Oncology, Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Dung, To Anh [Department of Breast and Gynecology Radiotherapy, National Cancer Institute, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Supriana, Nana [Department of Radiation Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Dr Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Jakarta (Indonesia); Erawati, Dyah [Division of Radiotherapy, Dr Soetomo General Hospital, Surabaya (Indonesia); Mizuno, Hideyuki [National Institute of Radiological Sciences of Japan, Chiba (Japan); Nakano, Takashi [Department of Radiation Oncology, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, Gunma (Japan); Tsujii, Hirohiko [National Institute of Radiological Sciences of Japan, Chiba (Japan)

2013-09-01

321

The addition of amifostine to carboplatin and paclitaxel based chemoradiation in locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer: long-term follow-up of Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) randomized trial 9801  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION We report the long-term results of RTOG 9801, a randomized trial investigating the ability of amifostine, a radioprotector, to reduce chemoradiation-induced esophagitis. METHODS Patients with stage II and IIIA/B non-small-cell lung cancer received induction paclitaxel 225 mg/m2 intravenously (IV) and carboplatin area under the curve (AUC) 6 both days 1 and 22, followed by concurrent weekly paclitaxel (50 mg/m2) and carboplatin (AUC 2), with hyperfractionated radiation therapy (69.6 Gy at 1.2 Gy BID). Patients were randomly assigned to amifostine (AM) 500 mg IV four times per week or no-AM during chemoradiotherapy. Stratification factors included age (< 70 v ? 70 years), stage and performance status. RESULTS 243 patients (pts) were enrolled; 120 received AM, 123 received no-AM. Two pts on each arm were found ineligible. Overall, 85% of patients were ?70 years; 75% had a KPS ?90. 34% had squamous histology. With median follow-up of 96.3 months (for patients still alive), overall survival was identical (Hazard ratio 1.03 (0.79–1.34), NS): five-year survival 17% in both arms. The incidence of late grade 3–5 toxicities was 16% in the AM arm and 19% in the control arm (Hazard ratio 1.24 (0.66–2.32), NS). There was no significant difference between the arms regarding overall survival, disease-free survival or long-term toxicity. CONCLUSION The chemoradiation regimen of carboplatin and paclitaxel produced long-term results in the multi-institutional setting comparable to other regimens. Amifostine did not appear to compromise survival. Better data is required regarding the comparative long-term toxicity of different chemoradiation regimens. NCT00003313. PMID:23477890

Richard, Lawrence Yaacov; Rebecca, Paulus; Corey, Langer; Maria, Werner-Wasik; Buyyounouski Mark, K; Ritsuko, Komaki; Mitchell, Machtay; Colum, Smith; Axelrod Rita, S; Todd, Wasserman; Bradley Jeffrey, D; Benjamin, Movsas

2013-01-01

322

Cytochrome P450 2C19*2 polymorphism in patients with stable coronary heart disease and risk for secondary cardiovascular disease events: results of a long-term follow-up study in routine clinical care  

PubMed Central

Background CYP2C19*2 polymorphism is related to metabolizer phenotypes resulting in reduced effectiveness in converting the antiplatelet drug clopidogrel to active drug. An association of the genotype itself with adverse outcomes is discussed. We investigated the prognostic value of carriage of the CYP2C19*2 allele in a high risk group of patients with prevalent coronary heart disease (CHD) at baseline during long-term follow-up under conditions of routine clinical care. Methods In n=1050 patients with stable CHD at baseline genotyping of CYP2C19 allele *2 (rs4244285; 681G>A) was performed. The Cox-proportional hazards model was employed to investigate the association of CYPC19*2 allele status with cardiovascular disease (CVD) events during eight year follow-up. The analysis was also performed in patients who did not take clopidogrel or ticlopidin. Results Only the very few patients homozygous for a loss-of-function variant of CYP2C19, allele *2 (2.6%), had a statistically significantly higher incidence rate for secondary CVD events during long-term follow-up than wild-type carriers (50.8 versus 21.5 per 1000 patients years; rate for heterozygous carries 17.2 per 1000 patient years). The hazard ratio after adjustment for covariates compared to the wild-type carriers was 2.59 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.27-5.28) and 0.80 (95% CI 0.52-1.23) for homozygous and heterozygous allele carriers, respectively. Conclusions In this medium-size group of patients with stable CHD homozygous carriers of the loss-of-function allele CYP2C19*2 were at increased risk for subsequent CVD events during 8 year follow-up independent of other risk factors. As only few patients carried the homozygous loss-of-function variant and we found overall no evidence for improved clinical utility, a benefit of genotyping in this patient population seems unlikely. PMID:23981380

2013-01-01

323

Early-onset sarcoidosis caused by a rare CARD15/NOD2 de novo mutation and responsive to infliximab: a case report with long-term follow-up and review of the literature.  

PubMed

Granulomatous autoinflammatory diseases are monogenic syndromes caused by mutations in the region encoding for the nucleotide-binding domain region of the NOD2/CARD15 gene with subsequent dysregulation of the inflammatory response and formation of noncaseous granulomas. They include Blau syndrome (BS) and early-onset sarcoidosis (EOS); both are clinically and genetically indistinguishable between them and they are the familial (autosomal dominantly inherited) and sporadic forms of the same disease, respectively. We describe a case of EOS, misdiagnosed for 30 years such as "juvenile rheumatoid arthritis" before and "classic sarcoidosis" later. In our patient, we found a new de novo mutation (E383G) in NOD2 that has been reported only in a family of Japanese patients with BS. After long-term follow-up (42 months), infliximab maintained good efficacy and safety without any sign of disease relapse and side effects. PMID:24445386

La Torre, Francesco; Lapadula, Giovanni; Cantarini, Luca; Lucherini, Orso Maria; Iannone, Florenzo

2015-02-01

324

Long-Term Follow-Up of Preoperative Pelvic Radiation Therapy and Concomitant Boost Irradiation in Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer Patients: A Multi-Institutional Phase II Study (KROG 04-01)  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To perform a prospective phase II study to investigate the efficacy and safety of preoperative pelvic radiation therapy and concomitant small-field boost irradiation with 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin for 5 weeks in locally advanced rectal cancer patients. Methods and Materials: Sixty-nine patients with locally advanced, nonmetastatic, mid-to-lower rectal cancer were prospectively enrolled. They had received preoperative chemoradiation therapy and total mesorectal excision. Pelvic radiation therapy of 43.2 Gy in 24 fractions plus concomitant boost radiation therapy of 7.2 Gy in 12 fractions was delivered to the pelvis and tumor bed for 5 weeks. Two cycles of 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin were administered for 3 days in the first and fifth week of radiation therapy. The pathologic response, survival outcome, and treatment toxicity were evaluated for the study endpoints. Results: Of 69 patients, 8 (11.6%) had a pathologically complete response. Downstaging rates were 40.5% for T classification and 68.1% for N classification. At the median follow-up of 69 months, 36 patients have been followed up for more than 5 years. The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival rates were 66.0% and 75.3%, respectively. Higher pathologic T (P = .045) and N (P = .032) classification were significant adverse prognostic factors for DFS, and high-grade histology was an adverse prognostic factor for both DFS (P = .025) and overall survival (P = .031) on the multivariate analysis. Fifteen patients (21.7%) experienced grade 3 or 4 acute toxicity, and 7 patients (10.1%) had long-term toxicity. Conclusion: Preoperative pelvic radiation therapy with concomitant boost irradiation with 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin for 5 weeks showed acceptable acute and long-term toxicities. However, the benefit of concomitant small-field boost irradiation for 5 weeks in rectal cancer patients was not demonstrated beyond conventional irradiation for 6 weeks in terms of tumor response and survival.

Lee, Jong Hoon [Department of Radiation Oncology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of) [Department of Radiation Oncology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Department of Radiation Oncology, St. Vincent's Hospital, Catholic University of Korea, Suwon (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Dae Yong [Center for Colorectal Cancer, Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Go-Yang (Korea, Republic of)] [Center for Colorectal Cancer, Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Go-Yang (Korea, Republic of); Nam, Taek-Keun [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Hwa-Sun (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Hwa-Sun (Korea, Republic of); Yoon, Sei-Chul [Department of Radiation Oncology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Doo Seok [Department of Colorectal Surgery, Daehang Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Colorectal Surgery, Daehang Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Park, Ji Won; Oh, Jae Hwan; Chang, Hee Jin [Center for Colorectal Cancer, Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Go-Yang (Korea, Republic of)] [Center for Colorectal Cancer, Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Go-Yang (Korea, Republic of); Yoon, Mee Sun; Jeong, Jae-Uk [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Hwa-Sun (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Hwa-Sun (Korea, Republic of); Jang, Hong Seok, E-mail: hsjang11@catholic.ac.kr [Department of Radiation Oncology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2012-11-15

325

High-dose-rate brachytherapy and hypofractionated external beam radiotherapy combined with long-term hormonal therapy for high-risk and very high-risk prostate cancer: outcomes after 5-year follow-up  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to report the outcomes of high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy and hypofractionated external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) combined with long-term androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) criteria-defined high-risk (HR) and very high-risk (VHR) prostate cancer. Data from 178 HR (n = 96, 54%) and VHR (n = 82, 46%) prostate cancer patients who underwent 192Ir-HDR brachytherapy and hypofractionated EBRT with long-term ADT between 2003 and 2008 were retrospectively analyzed. The mean dose to 90% of the planning target volume was 6.3 Gy/fraction of HDR brachytherapy. After five fractions of HDR treatment, EBRT with 10 fractions of 3 Gy was administered. All patients initially underwent ?6 months of neoadjuvant ADT, and adjuvant ADT was continued for 36 months after EBRT. The median follow-up was 61 months (range, 25–94 months) from the start of radiotherapy. The 5-year biochemical non-evidence of disease, freedom from clinical failure and overall survival rates were 90.6% (HR, 97.8%; VHR, 81.9%), 95.2% (HR, 97.7%; VHR, 92.1%), and 96.9% (HR, 100%; VHR, 93.3%), respectively. The highest Radiation Therapy Oncology Group-defined late genitourinary toxicities were Grade 2 in 7.3% of patients and Grade 3 in 9.6%. The highest late gastrointestinal toxicities were Grade 2 in 2.8% of patients and Grade 3 in 0%. Although the 5-year outcome of this tri-modality approach seems favorable, further follow-up is necessary to validate clinical and survival advantages of this intensive approach compared with the standard EBRT approach. PMID:24222312

Ishiyama, Hiromichi; Satoh, Takefumi; Kitano, Masashi; Tabata, Ken-ichi; Komori, Shouko; Ikeda, Masaomi; Soda, Itaru; Kurosaka, Shinji; Sekiguchi, Akane; Kimura, Masaki; Kawakami, Shogo; Iwamura, Masatsugu; Hayakawa, Kazushige

2014-01-01

326

Long-term follow-up of patients with newly diagnosed follicular lymphoma in the prerituximab era: effect of response quality on survival--A study from the groupe d'etude des lymphomes de l'adulte.  

PubMed

PURPOSE First-line treatment for patients with newly diagnosed follicular lymphoma (FL) still remains debated, even in the rituximab-based combination therapy era. Few studies have addressed the question whether complete remission (CR) translates into better survival. The aim of this study was to assess the long-term follow-up of prospectively treated patients with FL and the potential correlation between response quality to first-line treatment and overall survival (OS). PATIENTS AND METHODS Data from 536 patients with FL with low (n = 193) or high (n = 343) tumor burden enrolled from October 1986 to May 1995 in the French and Belgian GELF86 studies were analyzed. Data from these trials have been previously reported for low-tumor burden and high-tumor burden patients. Results Median follow-up was 14.9 years, and median OS was 9.8 years. Treated patients who achieved a complete response (CR; n = 194; 45%) had a significant longer OS than those only reaching a partial response (PR; n = 168; 39%) throughout treatment (hazard ratio [HR], 0.55; 95% CI, 0.42 to 0.72; P < .001) in an univariate time-dependent Cox model. Similar findings were found when response to treatment (CR v PR) was adjusted for potentially confounding factors in a multivariate model (HR, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.38 to 0.73; P < .001). CONCLUSION These data provide a long follow-up of these patients' cohorts and indicate that a better response to first-line treatment translates into an improved survival for patients with FL. Therefore, response-adapted therapy aiming to achieve a CR should be considered as first-line treatment. PMID:20026809

Bachy, Emmanuel; Brice, Pauline; Delarue, Richard; Brousse, Nicole; Haioun, Corinne; Le Gouill, Steven; Delmer, Alain; Bordessoule, Dominique; Tilly, Hervé; Corront, Bernadette; Allard, Christian; Foussard, Charles; Bosly, André; Coiffier, Bertrand; Gisselbrecht, Christian; Solal-Celigny, Philippe; Salles, Gilles

2010-02-10

327

Long-Term Follow-Up Assessment of a Phase 1 Trial of Angiogenic Gene Therapy Using Direct Intramyocardial Administration of an Adenoviral Vector Expressing the VEGF121 cDNA for the Treatment of Diffuse Coronary Artery Disease  

PubMed Central

Abstract On the basis of studies in experimental animals demonstrating that AdVEGF121, an E1?E3? serotype 5 adenovirus coding the 121 isoform of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), could mediate the generation of new blood vessels and reverse coronary ischemia, a clinical study of direct myocardial administration of AdVEGF121 was initiated in patients with late-stage, diffuse coronary artery disease. This study provides long-term (median, 11.8 years) follow-up on these patients. From 1997 to 1999, AdVEGF121 was administered by direct myocardial injection to an area of reversible ischemia in 31 patients with severe coronary disease, either as an adjunct to conventional coronary artery bypass grafting (group A) or as minimally invasive sole (MIS) therapy, using a minithoracotomy (group B). There was no control group; the study participants served as the control subjects. The 5- and 10-year survival was 10 of 15 (67%) and 6 of 15 (40%) for the group A patients, and 11 of 16 (69%) and 5 of 16 (31%) for group B sole therapy patients, respectively. In comparison, maximal medical therapy in comparable groups in the literature have a 3- to 5-year survival rate of 52 to 59%. For the survivors, the angina score for group A was 3.4±0.5 at time 0 and 1.9±1.0 at last follow-up, and for group B it was 3.4±0.6 and 2.0±1.1, respectively. The incidences of malignancy and retinopathy were no greater than that expected for the age-matched general population. We conclude that adenovirus-mediated VEGF direct myocardial administration to patients with severe coronary artery disease is safe, and future larger trials are warranted to assess efficacy. PMID:23137122

Rosengart, Todd K.; Bishawi, Muath M.; Halbreiner, Michael S.; Fakhoury, Mathew; Finnin, Eileen; Hollmann, Charleen; Shroyer, Annie Laurie

2013-01-01

328

Nonresected Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer in Stages I Through IIIB: Accelerated, Twice-Daily, High-Dose Radiotherapy-A Prospective Phase I/II Trial With Long-Term Follow-Up  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Our purpose was to investigate the tolerability of accelerated, twice-daily, high-dose radiotherapy. The secondary endpoints were survival and locoregional tumor control. Methods and Materials: Thirty consecutive patients with histologically/cytologically proven non-small-cell lung cancer were enrolled. Tumor Stage I, II, IIIA, and IIIB was found in 7, 3, 12, and 8 patients, respectively. We applied a median of 84.6 Gy (range, 75.6-90.0 Gy) to the primary tumors, 63.0 Gy (range, 59.4-72.0 Gy) to lymph nodes, and 45 Gy to nodes electively (within a region of about 6 cm cranial to macroscopically involved sites). Fractional doses of 1.8 Gy twice daily, with an interval of 11 hours, were given, resulting in a median treatment time of 35 days. In the majority of patients the conformal target-splitting technique was used. In 19 patients (63%) two cycles of induction chemotherapy were given. The median follow-up time of survivors is 72 months (range, 62-74 months). Results: We found Grade 1, 2 and 3 acute esophageal toxicity in 11 patients (37%), 2 patients (7%), and 2 patients (7%), respectively. Grade 2 acute pneumonitis was seen in 2 patients (7%). No late toxicity greater than Grade 1 was observed. The actual overall survival rates at 2 and 5 years are 63% and 23%, respectively; the median overall survival, 27.7 months. In 9 patients a local failure occurred, 7 of them presenting initially with an atelectasis without availability of 18-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography staging at that time. In 4 patients recurrence occurred regionally. Conclusions: This Phase I/II trial with long-term follow-up shows low toxicity with promising results for survival and locoregional tumor control.

Wurstbauer, Karl, E-mail: k.wurstbauer@salk.a [Department of Radiation Oncology, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg (Austria); radART-Institute for Research and Development on Advanced Radiation Technologies, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg (Austria); Deutschmann, Heinz; Kopp, Peter; Kranzinger, Manfred; Merz, Florian; Nairz, Olaf [Department of Radiation Oncology, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg (Austria); radART-Institute for Research and Development on Advanced Radiation Technologies, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg (Austria); Studnicka, Michael [Department of Pneumology, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg (Austria); Sedlmayer, Felix [Department of Radiation Oncology, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg (Austria); radART-Institute for Research and Development on Advanced Radiation Technologies, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg (Austria)

2010-08-01

329

The return-to-work process of individuals sick-listed because of whiplash-associated disorder: a three-year follow-up study in a Danish cohort of long-term sickness absentees  

PubMed Central

Background The chronic course of whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) has implications for both the individual and society. It has been shown that up to 50% of patients have not yet returned to work six months after a whiplash injury. We wanted to study the return-to-work (RTW) process in individuals sick-listed for more than eight weeks in six Danish municipalities. RTW in individuals sick-listed due to WAD was compared to that in those sick-listed for other musculoskeletal disorders (MSD). Methods Information about long-term sick-listed individuals in six Danish municipalities was retrieved from an existing database. Data on public transfer income were collected and the RTW process was followed on a weekly basis. Multivariate logistic regression analysis of RTW was done four times during the first three years after the start of sick-listing. Results One hundred and four individuals were sick-listed due to WAD and 3,204 individuals were sick-listed due to other MSDs. After 6 months, the RTW was significantly lower in the WAD group. OR for RTW in the WAD group was 0.29 (0.18–0.49) compared to the MSD group. The RTW process for both groups stabilised after two years of follow-up; 44% returned to work in the WAD group as compared to 58% in the MSD group. Conclusion Sick-listed individuals with whiplash-associated disorder are less likely to return to work than individuals who are sick-listed because of other musculoskeletal disorders. In both groups, RTW stabilised after two years of follow-up. PMID:24495801

2014-01-01

330

New dimensional staging of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw allowing a guided surgical treatment protocol: long-term follow-up of 266 lesions in neoplastic and osteoporotic patients from the university of bari.  

PubMed

Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) is the most serious side effect in patients receiving bisphosphonates (BPs) for neoplastic disease and osteoporosis. The aim of this study is to propose a new dimensional stage classification, guiding the surgical treatment of BRONJ patients, and to evaluate the success rate of this new management. From 2004 to 2013, 203 neoplastic and osteoporotic patients with 266 BRONJ lesions were referred to the Odontostomatology Unit of the University of Bari. All patients underwent surgery after suspension of BPs therapy and antibiotic treatment. The surgical procedure was complemented by piezosurgery and followed by the application of hyaluronate and amino acids. The new dimensional staging suggests the choice of the surgical approach, and allows the prediction of postoperative complications and soft and hard tissues healing time, guiding the surgical treatment protocol. This protocol could be a successful management strategy for BRONJ, considering the low recurrences rate and the good stabilisation of the surgical sites observed after a long-term follow-up. PMID:24995017

Franco, Simonetta; Miccoli, Simona; Limongelli, Luisa; Tempesta, Angela; Favia, Giorgio; Maiorano, Eugenio; Favia, Gianfranco

2014-01-01

331

Phase II Trial of Neoadjuvant/adjuvant Imatinib Mesylate for Advanced Primary and Metastatic/recurrent Operable Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors: Long-term Follow-up Results of Radiation Therapy Oncology Group 0132  

PubMed Central

Background Imatinib inhibits the KIT and PDGFR tyrosine kinases, resulting in its notable antitumor activity in gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). We previously reported the early results of a multi-institutional prospective trial (RTOG 0132) using neoadjuvant/adjuvant imatinib either in primary resectable GIST or as a planned preoperative cytoreduction agent for metastatic/recurrent GIST. Methods Patients with primary GIST (?5 cm, group A) or resectable metastatic/recurrent GIST (?2 cm, group B) received neoadjuvant imatinib (600 mg/day) for approximately 2 months and maintenance postoperative imatinib for 2 years. We have now updated the clinical outcomes including progression-free survival, disease-specific survival, and overall survival at a median follow-up of 5.1 years, and we correlate these end points with duration of imatinib therapy. Results Sixty-three patients were originally entered (53 analyzable: 31 in group A and 22 in group B). Estimated 5-year progression-free survival and overall survival were 57% in group A, 30% in group B; and 77% in group A, 68% in group B, respectively. Median time to progression has not been reached for group A and was 4.4 years for group B. In group A, in 7 of 11 patients, disease progressed >2 years from registration; 6 of 7 patients with progression had stopped imatinib before progression. In group B, disease progressed in 10 of 13 patients >2 years from registration; 6 of 10 patients with progressing disease had stopped imatinib before progression. There was no significant increase in toxicity compared with our previous shortterm analysis. Conclusions This long-term analysis suggests a high percentage of patients experienced disease progression after discontinuation of 2-year maintenance imatinib therapy after surgery. Consideration should be given to studying longer treatment durations in intermediate- to high-risk GIST patients. PMID:22203182

Wang, Dian; Zhang, Qiang; Blanke, Charles D.; Demetri, George D.; Heinrich, Michael C.; Watson, James C.; Hoffman, John P.; Okuno, Scott; Kane, John M.; von Mehren, Margaret; Eisenberg, Burton L.

2013-01-01

332

Long-term Survival Outcomes Following Internal Mammary Node Irradiation in Stage II-III Breast Cancer: Results of a Large Retrospective Study With 12-Year Follow-up  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To examine the effect of internal mammary node irradiation (IMNI) on disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in breast cancer patients treated with modified radical mastectomy and postoperative radiation therapy. Methods and Materials: Between 1994 and 2002, 396 patients with stage II-III breast cancer were treated with postmastectomy radiation therapy with (n=197) or without (n=199) IMNI. Patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy were excluded. IMNI was administered at the clinical discretion of the treating physician. Median RT dose was 50.4 Gy (range, 45.0-59.4 Gy) in 28 fractions, with inclusion of the supraclavicular fossa in 96% of patients. Adjuvant chemotherapy was administered to 99.7% of the patients and endocrine therapy to 53%. Results: The median follow-up was 149 months (range, 124-202). IMNI patients had more advanced nodal stage and non-high grade tumors than those without IMNI (P<.001). Otherwise, disease and treatment characteristics were well balanced. The 10-year DFS with and without IMNI was 65% and 57%, respectively (P=.05). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that IMNI was an independent, positive predictor of DFS (hazard ratio [HR], 0.70; P=.02). Benefits of IMNI in DFS were seen most apparently in N2 patients (HR, 0.44; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.26-0.74) and inner/central tumors (HR, 0.55; 95% CI, 0.34-0.90). The 10-year OS with and without IMNI was 72% and 66%, respectively (P=.62). The 10-year DFS and OS were 61%, and 69%, respectively. Conclusions: Internal mammary node irradiation significantly improved DFS in postmastectomy breast cancer patients. Pending long-term results from randomized trials, treatment of internal mammary nodes should be considered in postmastectomy radiation therapy.

Chang, Jee Suk [Department of Radiation Oncology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Park, Won [Department of Radiation Oncology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Yong Bae; Lee, Ik Jae; Keum, Ki Chang; Lee, Chang Geol [Department of Radiation Oncology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Doo Ho [Department of Radiation Oncology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Suh, Chang-Ok, E-mail: cosuh317@yuhs.ac [Department of Radiation Oncology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Huh, Seung Jae, E-mail: sjhuh@smc.samsung.co.kr [Department of Radiation Oncology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2013-08-01

333

Differences in long-term fixation between mobile-bearing and fixed-bearing knee prostheses at ten to 12 years' follow-up: a single-blinded randomised controlled radiostereometric trial.  

PubMed

This single-blinded randomised controlled trial investigated whether one design of mobile-bearing (MB) total knee replacement (TKR) has any advantage over a fixed-bearing (FB) design on long-term fixation as measured by radiostereometry. The amount of wear underneath the mobile bearing was also evaluated. A series of 42 knees was randomised to MB or FB tibial components with appropriate polyethylene inserts and followed for between ten and 12 years, or until the death of the patient. The polyethylene in the MB group was superior in that it was gamma-irradiated in inert gas and was calcium-stearate free; the polyethylene in the FB group was gamma-irradiated in air and contained calcium stearate. In theory this should be advantageous to the wear rate of the MB group. At final follow-up the overall mean migration was 0.75 mm (SD 0.76) in the MB group and 0.66 mm (SD 0.4) in the FB group, with the FB group demonstrating more posterior tilt and the MB group more internal rotation. In the FB group there was one revision for aseptic loosening, but none in the MB group. There were no significant differences in clinical or radiological scores. For the MB group, the mean linear wear rate on the under-surface was 0.026 mm/year (SD 0.014). This was significantly smaller than the wear rate of 0.11 mm/year (SD 0.06) in the MB between femur and polyethylene (p < 0.001). Nevertheless, even in a best-case setting the mobile bearings of this TKR design had no apparent advantage in terms of fixation over the FB knee prosthesis at ten to 12 years. The wear underneath the mobile bearing was small and is unlikely to be clinically relevant. PMID:23015562

Pijls, B G; Valstar, E R; Kaptein, B L; Nelissen, R G H H

2012-10-01

334

Long-term (6 and 12 months) follow-up of two prospective, randomized, controlled phase III trials of photodynamic therapy with BF-200 ALA and methyl aminolaevulinate for the treatment of actinic keratosis  

PubMed Central

Background Two phase III trials of photodynamic therapy (PDT) with BF-200 ALA, a recently approved nanoemulsion formulation of 5-aminolaevulinic acid (ALA) demonstrated high clearance rates in mild-to-moderate actinic keratosis (AK). The comparison to a registered methyl aminolaevulinate (MAL) cream demonstrated significantly superior total patient clearance rates. Objectives To evaluate long-term efficacy and safety of PDT for AK 6 and 12 months after the last PDT with BF-200 ALA, MAL or placebo. Methods The follow-up phase (FUP) was performed with patients of two phase III studies. Both studies compared BF-200 ALA with placebo, one of the studies additionally with MAL. Overall recurrence rates and various subgroups (light source, lesion severity, lesion location, complete responders after first PDT) were assessed 6 and 12 months after the last PDT. Results Recurrence rates were similar for BF-200 ALA and MAL, with a tendency to lower recurrence rates for BF-200 ALA. The proportion of patients who were fully cleared during PDT and remained completely clear for at least 12 months after PDT were 47% for BF-200 ALA (both studies) and 36% for MAL treatment. The subgroup that was illuminated with narrow wavelength LED lamps reached 69% and 53% for BF-200 ALA (both studies, respectively) and 41% for MAL. No safety concerns were reported. Conclusions The FUP data confirmed the high efficacy and safety of PDT with BF-200 ALA. The slightly lower recurrence rates after BF-200 ALA treatment compared with MAL treatment enhanced the better treatment outcome due to the significantly superior efficacy. PMID:23252768

Dirschka, T; Radny, P; Dominicus, R; Mensing, H; Brüning, H; Jenne, L; Karl, L; Sebastian, M; Oster-Schmidt, C; Klövekorn, W; Reinhold, U; Tanner, M; Gröne, D; Deichmann, M; Simon, M; Hübinger, F; Hofbauer, G; Krähn-Senftleben, G; Borrosch, F; Reich, K; Berking, C; Wolf, P; Lehmann, P; Moers-Carpi, M; Hönigsmann, H; Wernicke-Panten, K; Hahn, S; Pabst, G; Voss, D; Foguet, M; Schmitz, B; Lübbert, H; Szeimies, R-M

2013-01-01

335

Change in quality of life and their predictors in the long-term follow-up after group cognitive behavioral therapy for social anxiety disorder: a prospective cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is one of the most common anxiety disorders. The efficacy of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) has been examined but to date its effects on Quality of Life (QoL) have not been appropriately evaluated especially in the long term. The study aimed to examine, in the long term, what aspects of Quality of Life (QoL) changed

Norio Watanabe; Toshi A Furukawa; Junwen Chen; Yoshihiro Kinoshita; Yumi Nakano; Sei Ogawa; Tadashi Funayama; Tetsuji Ietsugu; Yumiko Noda

2010-01-01

336

Impact of exposure to interferon beta-1a on outcomes in patients with relapsing–remitting multiple sclerosis: exploratory analyses from the PRISMS long-term follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Objective: To explore the effects of exposure to subcutaneous (sc) interferon (IFN) beta-1a on efficacy in patients with relapsing–remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) enrolled in the PRISMS (Prevention of Relapses and disability by Interferon beta-1a Subcutaneously in Multiple Sclerosis) study. Methods: Patients with RRMS received IFN beta-1a, 44 or 22?µg sc three times weekly (tiw), or placebo, for 2 years, at which point placebo recipients were re-randomized to IFN beta-1a, 44 or 22?µg sc tiw, for a further 2–4 years. Long-term follow-up visits occurred 7–8 years after enrolment and allowed participation of patients who had previously discontinued treatment. Post hoc descriptive analyses were conducted within the lower (MIN) and upper (MAX) quartiles of patients divided according to cumulative dose of IFN beta-1a and cumulative time on treatment. Outcomes were explored in patients initially randomized to IFN beta-1a, 44?µg sc tiw, who had received continuous or noncontinuous therapy during the study. Results: For both cumulative dose and time analyses, the MIN and MAX groups comprised 96 and 95 patients, respectively. The continuous and noncontinuous groups included 45 and 91 patients, respectively. The MAX DOSE and MAX TIME groups had lower annualized relapse rates, lower rates of conversion to secondary progressive MS, lower percentages of patients with Expanded Disability Status Scale progression, higher percentages of relapse-free patients, and less T2 burden of disease than the MIN groups. The continuous therapy group had a lower annualized relapse rate and lower percentages of patients with Expanded Disability Status Scale progression or conversion to secondary progressive MS than the noncontinuous therapy group. Conclusions: The findings of these post hoc analyses suggest that high exposure to sc IFN beta-1a may be associated with better clinical outcomes than low exposure, and also highlight the importance of maximizing adherence. Additional prospective investigation is warranted to evaluate further the effects of treatment exposure on outcomes and to determine the benefits of interventions to improve adherence. PMID:21339904

Uitdehaag, Bernard; Constantinescu, Cris; Cornelisse, Peter; Jeffery, Douglas; Kappos, Ludwig; Li, David; Sandberg-Wollheim, Magnhild; Traboulsee, Anthony; Verdun, Elisabetta; Rivera, Victor

2011-01-01

337

Thymoglobulin Prevents Chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease, Chronic Lung Dysfunction, and Late Transplant-Related Mortality: Long-Term Follow-Up of a Randomized Trial in Patients Undergoing Unrelated Donor Transplantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is an update of a randomized study on antithymocyte globulin (ATG; Thymoglobulin) before transplantation in patients undergoing unmanipulated marrow transplantation from unrelated donors. The median follow-up for surviving patients is 5.7 years. At last follow-up, chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was scored in 60% of non-ATG and in 37% of ATG patients (P = .05), and extensive chronic GVHD was

Andrea Bacigalupo; Teresa Lamparelli; Giovanni Barisione; Paolo Bruzzi; Stefano Guidi; Paolo Emilio Alessandrino; Paolo di Bartolomeo; Rosi Oneto; Barbara Bruno; Nicoletta Sacchi; Maria Teresa van Lint; Alberto Bosi

2006-01-01

338

Radioimmunotherapy with iodine 131I tositumomab for relapsed or refractory B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma: updated results and long-term follow-up of the University of Michigan experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

CD20-targeted radioimmunotherapy is a promising new treatment for B-cell non- Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). We now pro- vide updated and long-term data on 59 chemotherapy-relapsed\\/refractory pa- tients treated with iodine 131I tositu- momab in a phase I\\/II single-center study. Fifty-three patients received individual- ized therapeutic doses, delivering a speci- fied total-body radiation dose (TBD) based on the clearance rate of a

Mark S. Kaminski; Judith Estes; Kenneth R. Zasadny; Isaac R. Francis; Charles W. Ross; Melissa Tuck; Denise Regan; Susan Fisher; Jeanne Gutierrez; Stewart Kroll; Robert Stagg; George Tidmarsh; Richard L. Wahl

339

Long-Term Effects of Growth Hormone Therapy on Bone Mineral Density, Body Composition, and Serum Lipid Levels in Growth Hormone Deficient Children: A 6Year Follow-Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: To study the effects of growth hormone (GH) deficiency (GHD) and GH replacement therapy (GHRx) on bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition. Methods: 59 GHD children participated (age range 0.4–16.9 years); the follow-up period was 6 years. Lumbar spine BMD (BMDLS), total-body BMD (BMDTB), and body composition were measured prospectively using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Results: Mean BMDLS and

Inge M. van der Sluis; Annemieke M. Boot; Wim C. Hop; Yolanda B. de Rijke; Eric P. Krenning; Sabine M. P. F. de Muinck Keizer-Schrama

2002-01-01

340

Very long-term radiographic and bone scan results of frozen autograft and allograft bone grafting in 17 patients (20 grafts) a 30- to 35-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the early 1950s, 48 patients received bone implants from a bone bank in Tel-Hashomer Hospital that stored frozen autograft and allograft bones at temperatures less than –17 °C. Seventeen (35%) of these patients (20 implants), 10 men and 7 women, with a mean age of 52.4 (34–69) years were available for follow-up after a mean period of 32.5 (30–35)

Ely L. Steinberg; Elhanan Luger; Tila Zwas; Alexander Katznelson

2004-01-01

341

Long-term outcomes of anthroposophic treatment for chronic disease: a four-year follow-up analysis of 1510 patients from a prospective observational study in routine outpatient settings  

PubMed Central

Background Anthroposophic treatment includes special artistic and physical therapies and special medications. We here report an update to a previously published study of anthroposophic treatment for chronic diseases, including more patients and a longer follow up. The Anthroposophic Medicine Outcomes Study (AMOS) was a prospective observational cohort study of anthroposophic treatment for chronic indications in routine outpatient settings in Germany. Anthroposophic treatment was associated with improvements of symptoms and quality of life. Previous follow-up-analyses have been performed after 24 months or, in subgroups of patients enrolled in the period 1999-2001, after 48 months. We conducted a 48-month follow-up analysis of all patients enrolled in AMOS in the period 1999-2005. Methods 1,510 outpatients aged 1-75 years, starting anthroposophic treatment for chronic conditions in routine German outpatient settings, participated in a prospective cohort study. Main outcomes were Symptom Score (primary outcome, mean symptom severity on numerical rating scales), SF-36 Physical and Mental Component scores in adults, and disease-specific outcomes in the six most common diagnosis groups: asthma, anxiety disorders and migraine (numerical rating scales), depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale), attention deficit hyperactivity symptoms (FBB-HKS Total score), and low back pain (Hanover Functional Ability Questionnaire, Low Back Pain Rating Scale). Results Median disease duration at baseline was 3.5 years. From baseline to 48-month follow-up all ten outcomes improved significantly (p?follow-up analysis confirmed previous analyses from the AMOS study. Outpatients receiving anthroposophic treatment for chronic indications had sustained, clinically relevant improvements of symptoms and quality of life. PMID:23849335

2013-01-01

342

Does 360° lumbar spinal fusion improve long-term clinical outcomes after failure of conservative treatment in patients with functionally disabling single-level degenerative lumbar disc disease? Results of 5-year follow-up in 75 postoperative patients  

PubMed Central

Background Surgical treatment of patients with mechanical degenerative disc disease has been controversial, but improvements in clinical outcomes have been shown in properly selected patients with disease-specific diagnoses, with fusion arguably now becoming the “gold standard” for surgical management of these patients. No published study thus far has been designed for prospective enrollment of patients with specific inclusion/exclusion criteria in whom at least 6 months of conservative therapy has failed and who are then offered a standardized surgical procedure and are followed up for 5 years. Methods The study group was composed of the patients in the prospective, randomized Food and Drug Administration Investigational Device Exemption trial comparing ProDisc-L (Synthes Spine, West Chester, Pennsylvania) with 360° fusion for the treatment of single-level symptomatic disc degeneration. Of 80 patients randomized to 360° fusion after failure of non-operative care, 75 were treated on protocol with single-level fusions. Follow-up of this treatment cohort was 97% at 2 years and 75% at 5 years and serves as the basis for this report. Patients in the trial were required to have failure of at least 6 months of nonoperative care and in fact had failure of an average of 9 months of nonoperative treatment. The mean Oswestry Disability Index score indicated greater than 60% impairment. The mean entry-level pain score on a visual analog scale was greater than 8 of 10. Results After fusion, not only did patients have significant improvements in measurable clinical outcomes such as the Oswestry Disability Index score and pain score on a visual analog scale but there were also substantial improvements in their functional status and quality of life. Specifically, over 80% of patients in this study had improvements in recreational status that was maintained 5 years after index surgery, indicating substantial improvements in life quality that were not afforded by months of conservative care. The percentage of patients using narcotics at the 5-year follow-up visit was less than half the percentage of patients who had used narcotics as part of their prior conservative treatment. Conclusions The 5-year results of this post hoc analysis of 75 patients involved in a multicenter, multi-surgeon trial support 360° fusion surgery as a predictable and lasting treatment option to improve pain and function in properly selected patients with mechanical degenerative disc disease. These improvements occurred dramatically immediately after surgery and have been maintained through the scope of this follow-up period, with 98% follow-up at 2 years and 75% of patients available at 5 years.

Zigler, Jack E.; Delamarter, Rick B.

2013-01-01

343

Complementary roles of bone scintigraphy and MR imaging in the detection and long-term follow-up of primary non-Hodgkin's bone lymphoma in a child-case report.  

PubMed

The aim of our report is to demonstrate the complementary roles of bone scintigraphy (BS), magnetic resonance imaging (MR), and positron emission tomography using 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose (F-18-FDG PET/CT) in the diagnosis and treatment monitoring of a child with primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of bone (PLB). Increased blood flow, high tissue accumulation, and markedly increased uptake on the late BS pointed toward an active bone process in the left femoral region. Bone marrow infiltration of the left femur and cortical sclerosis, which were both demonstrated by MR imaging, were later confirmed as PLB by bone marrow biopsy. The normalizations of the flow and tissue phases of BS a year after treatment and during the entire follow-up were in keeping with inactive disease and clinical remission. However, even 8 years after treatment and complete remission, MR imaging demonstrated persistent unmodified bone marrow alteration and appreciable cortical involvement. A slightly increased metabolic activity of the left femoral epiphysis demonstrated by F-18-FDG PET/CT and mild activity in the same region on delayed BS were demonstrated in the late follow-up. Our results strongly suggest that BS and MR imaging should be included in the diagnostic algorithm of children with undefined bone symptoms. However, mild metabolic activity on the F-18-FDG PET/CT scan could not reliably differentiate between the presence or absence of disease in a patient with PLB in clinical remission. PMID:25433719

Marina, Vlajkovi?; Milena, Raji?; Vesna, Petronijevi?; Sla?ana, Petrovi?; Vera, Artiko

2014-11-30

344

Long-Term Follow-Up of a Prospective Trial of Trimodality Therapy of Weekly Paclitaxel, Radiation, and Androgen Deprivation in High-Risk Prostate Cancer With or Without Prior Prostatectomy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Weekly paclitaxel, concurrent radiation, and androgen deprivation (ADT) were evaluated in patients with high-risk prostate cancer (PC) with or without prior prostatectomy (RP). Methods and Materials: Eligible post-RP patients included: pathological T3 disease, or rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) {>=}0.5 ng/mL post-RP. Eligible locally advanced PC (LAPC) patients included: 1) cT2b-4N0N+, M0; 2) Gleason score (GS) 8-10; 3) GS 7 + PSA 10-20 ng/mL; or 4) PSA 20-150 ng/mL. Treatment included ADT (4 or 24 months), weekly paclitaxel (40, 50, or 60 mg/m{sup 2}/wk), and pelvic radiation therapy (total dose: RP = 64.8 Gy; LAPC = 70.2 Gy). Results: Fifty-nine patients were enrolled (LAPC, n = 29; RP, n = 30; ADT 4 months, n = 29; 24 months, n = 30; whites n = 29, African Americans [AA], n = 28). Baseline characteristics (median [range]) were: age 67 (45-86 years), PSA 5.9 (0.1-92.1 ng/mL), GS 8 (6-9). At escalating doses of paclitaxel, 99%, 98%, and 95% of doses were given with radiation and ADT, respectively, with dose modifications required primarily in RP patients. No acute Grade 4 toxicities occurred. Grade 3 toxicities were diarrhea 15%, urinary urgency/incontinence 10%, tenesmus 5%, and leukopenia 3%. Median follow-up was 75.3 months (95% CI: 66.8-82.3). Biochemical progression occurred in 24 (41%) patients and clinical progression in 11 (19%) patients. The 5- and 7-year OS rates were 83% and 67%. There were no differences in OS between RP and LAPC, 4- and 24-month ADT, white and AA patient categories. Conclusions: In addition to LAPC, to our knowledge, this is the first study to evaluate concurrent chemoradiation with ADT in high-risk RP patients. With a median follow-up of 75.3 months, this trial also represents the longest follow-up of patients treated with taxane-based chemotherapy with EBRT in high-risk prostate cancer. Concurrent ADT, radiation, and weekly paclitaxel at 40 mg/m{sup 2}/week in RP patients and 60 mg/m{sup 2}/week in LAPC patients is feasible and well-tolerated.

Hussain, Arif, E-mail: ahussain@som.umaryland.edu [University of Maryland Greenebaum Cancer Center, Baltimore, MD (United States); Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD (United States); Baltimore VA Medical Center, Baltimore, MD (United States); Wu, Yin [Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD (United States); Mirmiran, Alireza [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD (United States); DiBiase, Steven [Cooper University Hospital, Camden, NJ (United States); Goloubeva, Olga [University of Maryland Greenebaum Cancer Center, Baltimore, MD (United States); Bridges, Benjamin [University of Maryland Greenebaum Cancer Center, Baltimore, MD (United States); Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD (United States); Mannuel, Heather [University of Maryland Greenebaum Cancer Center, Baltimore, MD (United States); Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD (United States); Baltimore VA Medical Center, Baltimore, MD (United States); Engstrom, Christine [Baltimore VA Medical Center, Baltimore, MD (United States); Dawson, Nancy [Lombardi Cancer Center, Georgetown University, Washington, D.C (United States); Amin, Pradip; Kwok, Young [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD (United States)

2012-01-01

345

Apolipoprotein B/apolipoprotein A-I ratio and apolipoprotein B: long-term predictors of myocardial infarction in initially healthy middle-aged men--a 13-year follow-up.  

PubMed

We investigated whether serum concentrations of apolipoprotein (apo) B and apoA-I and the apoB/apoA-I ratio provided predictive information on myocardial infarction (MI) and ischemic stroke during 13 years of follow-up in a group of initially clinically healthy 58-year-old men, free from previous cardiovascular disease, diabetes, other established disease, or treatment with cardiovascular drugs. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the apoB/apoA-I ratio and apoB were significant and independent determinants of MI (exponentiation of the B coefficient [Exp(?)] 3.1, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.6-6.3, P=.001, Exp(?) 2.8, 95% CI 1.1-7.7, P=.045, respectively). The area under the receiver-operating characteristics curve as a relative measure of test efficiency was highest and significant for both apoB/apoA-I ratio and apoB (area under the curve=0.75, P<.001). In conclusion, the apoB/apoA-I ratio and apoB are independent risk factors for MI and has the highest efficiencies for predicting MI in initially healthy middle-aged men. PMID:24277914

Schmidt, Caroline; Bergström, Göran

2014-11-01

346

Effect of integration of supplemental nutrition with public health programmes in pregnancy and early childhood on cardiovascular risk in rural Indian adolescents: long term follow-up of Hyderabad nutrition trial  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine whether integration of nutritional supplementation with other public health programmes in early life reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease in undernourished populations. Design Approximately 15 years’ follow-up of participants born within an earlier controlled, community trial of nutritional supplementation integrated with other public health programmes. Setting 29 villages (15 intervention, 14 control) near Hyderabad city, south India. Participants 1165 adolescents aged 13-18 years. Intervention Balanced protein-calorie supplementation (2.51 MJ, 20 g protein) offered daily to pregnant women and preschool children aged under 6 years, coupled with integrated delivery of vertical public health programmes. Main outcome measures Height, adiposity, blood pressures, lipids, insulin resistance (homoeostasis model assessment (HOMA) score), and arterial stiffness (augmentation index). Results The participants from the intervention villages were 14 mm (95% confidence interval 4 to 23; P=0.007) taller than controls but had similar body composition. The participants from the intervention villages had more favourable measures of insulin resistance and arterial stiffness: 20% (3% to 39%; P=0.02) lower HOMA score and 3.3% (1% to 5.7%; P=0.008) lower augmentation index. No strong evidence existed for differences in blood pressures and serum lipids. Conclusions In this undernourished population, integrated delivery of supplemental nutrition with other public health programmes in pregnancy and early childhood was associated with a more favourable profile of cardiovascular disease risk factors in adolescence. This pragmatic study provides the most robust evidence to date on this important hypothesis for which classic trials are unlikely. Improved maternal and child nutrition may have a role in reducing the burden of cardiovascular disease in low income and middle income countries. PMID:18658189

2008-01-01

347

Impact of Screening and Risk Factors for Local Recurrence and Survival After Conservative Surgery and Radiotherapy for Early Breast Cancer: Results From a Large Series With Long-Term Follow-Up  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To investigate conventional prognostic factors for ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR), distant metastasis (DM), and survival after breast-conserving therapy (BCT) in screen-detected and symptomatic cases on surveillance up to 25 years. Patients and Methods: A total of 1812 consecutive patients in three cohorts (1981-1989, 1990-1992, and 1993-1998) with T12N01M0 invasive breast cancer were treated with BCT (median follow-up, 14 years). Tumor type and grade were reviewed by a single pathologist. Hormone receptor status was measured by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to assess independent prognostic variables for relapse and survival. Results: A total of 205 IBTR occurred, with 5-, 10-, 15-, and 20-year actuarial relapse rates of 4.5% (95% confidence interval [CI] 3.35-5.5%), 8.4% (95% CI 7.1-9.8%), 14.1% (95% CI 12.0-16%), and 17.4% (95% CI 14.5-20.2%). Number of nodes, young age, pathologic tumor size, and multifocality were significant factors for IBTR. Three hundred seventy-eight patients developed DM. The actuarial metastatic rate was 12% at 5 years and 17.9% at 10 years. Young age, number of positive nodes, pathologic tumor size, and tumor grade were significant factors for DM relapse. When conventional prognostic indices were taken into account screen-detected cancers showed no improvement in overall relapse or survival rate compared with symptomatic cases but did show a reduced risk of DM after IBTR. After 10 years IBTR relapse continued at a constant rate of 0.87% per annum. Conclusions: The Edinburgh BCT series has shown that screen-detected invasive breast cancers do not have significantly different clinical outcomes compared with symptomatic cases when pathologic risk factors are taken into account. This suggests that these patients be managed in a similar way.

Kunkler, Ian H., E-mail: I.Kunkler@ed.ac.uk [Edinburgh Cancer Centre, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh (United Kingdom); Kerr, Gillian R. [Edinburgh Cancer Centre, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh (United Kingdom); Thomas, Jeremy S. [Department of Pathology, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh (United Kingdom); Jack, Wilma J.L. [Edinburgh Breast Unit, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh (United Kingdom); Bartlett, John M.S. [Edinburgh Cancer Research Centre, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh (United Kingdom); Pedersen, Hans C. [DAKO (Denmark); Cameron, David A. [Edinburgh Cancer Centre, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh (United Kingdom); Dixon, J. Michael; Chetty, Udi [Edinburgh Breast Unit, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh (United Kingdom)

2012-07-01

348

Feasibility, endocrine and anti-tumour effects of a triple endocrine therapy with tamoxifen, a somatostatin analogue and an antiprolactin in post-menopausal metastatic breast cancer: a randomized study with long-term follow-up.  

PubMed Central

Suppression of the secretion of prolactin, growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) might be important in the growth regulation and treatment of breast cancer. Because oestrogens may counteract the anti-tumour effects of such treatment, the combination of an anti-oestrogen (tamoxifen), a somatostatin analogue (octreotide) and a potent anti-prolactin (CV 205-502) might be attractive. In this respect, we performed a first exploratory long-term study on the feasibility of combined treatment and possible clear differences in endocrine and anti-tumour effects during such combined treatment vs standard treatment with tamoxifen alone. Twenty-two post-menopausal patients with metastatic breast cancer (ER and/or PR positive or unknown) were randomized to receive either 40 mg of tamoxifen per day or the combination of 40 mg of tamoxifen plus 75 microg of CV 205-502 orally plus 3 x 0.2 mg of octreotide s.c. as first-line endocrine therapy. An objective response was found in 36% of the patients treated with tamoxifen alone and in 55% of the patients treated with combination therapy. Median time to progression was 33 weeks for patients treated with tamoxifen and 84 weeks for patients treated with combination therapy, but the numbers are too small for hard conclusions. There was no difference in overall post-relapse survival between the two treatment arms. With respect to the endocrine parameters, there was a significant decrease of plasma IGF-1 levels in both treatment arms, whereas during combined treatment plasma growth hormone tended to decrease and plasma prolactin levels were strongly suppressed; in some patients insulin and transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-alpha) decreased during the triple therapy. Although there was no significant difference in mean decrease of plasma IGF-1 levels between the two treatment arms, combined treatment resulted in a more uniform suppression of IGF-1. Therefore, the addition of a somatostatin analogue and an anti-prolactin may potentially enhance the efficacy of anti-oestrogens in the treatment of breast cancer owing to favourable endocrine and possible direct anti-tumour effects. Large phase III trials using depot formulations (to increase the feasibility) of somatostatin analogues are warranted to demonstrate the potential extra beneficial anti-tumour effects of such combination therapy. PMID:9459155

Bontenbal, M.; Foekens, J. A.; Lamberts, S. W.; de Jong, F. H.; van Putten, W. L.; Braun, H. J.; Burghouts, J. T.; van der Linden, G. H.; Klijn, J. G.

1998-01-01

349

Long-term follow-up of the multicenter, multidisciplinary treatment study HIT-LGG-1996 for low-grade glioma in children and adolescents of the German Speaking Society of Pediatric Oncology and Hematology  

PubMed Central

The Hirntumorstudien (HIT)-LGG-1996 protocol offered a comprehensive treatment strategy for pediatric patients with low-grade glioma (LGG), ie, observation, surgery, adjuvant radiotherapy, and chemotherapy to defer the start of irradiation in young children. In this current study, we sought to determine clinical factors for progression and survival. Between October 1, 1996 and March 31, 2004, 1031 patients were prospectively recruited into an observation arm (n = 668) and a nonsurgical arm stratifying 12 months of vincristine-carboplatin chemotherapy (n = 216) and conventional radiotherapy/brachytherapy (n = 147) in an age-dependent manner. Median patient age was 6.9 years; 28 patients had diencephalic syndrome, 44 had dissemination, and 108 had neurofibromatosis type 1(NF-1). Main tumor location was the supratentorial midline (40.4%), and the main histology was pilocytic astrocytoma (67.9%). Following a median observation of 9.3 years, 10-year overall survival (OS) was 0.94 and 10-year event-free survival (EFS) was 0.47. Ten-year progression-free survival was 0.62 following radiotherapy and 0.44 following chemotherapy. Sixty-one of 216 chemotherapy patients received radiotherapy 0.3–8.7 years after initial diagnosis. By multivariate analysis, diencephalic syndrome and incomplete resection were found to be unfavorable factors for OS and EFS, age ?11 years for OS, and supratentorial midline location for EFS. Dissemination, age <1 year, and nonpilocytic histology were unfavorable factors for progression following radiotherapy (138 patients); and diencephalic syndrome, dissemination, and age ?11 years were unfavorable factors following chemotherapy (210 patients). NF-1 patients and boys experienced prolonged tumor stabilization with chemotherapy. A nationwide multimodal treatment strategy is feasible for pediatric LGG. Extended follow-up yielded results comparable to single-institution series for the treatment groups. Three-quarters of surviving chemotherapy patients have not yet received radiation therapy. Infants with or without diencephalic syndrome and dissemination bear the highest risk for death and progression following diagnosis or treatment. PMID:22942186

Gnekow, Astrid K.; Falkenstein, Fabian; von Hornstein, Stephan; Zwiener, Isabella; Berkefeld, Susanne; Bison, Brigitte; Warmuth-Metz, Monika; Driever, Pablo Hernáiz; Soerensen, Niels; Kortmann, Rolf-D.; Pietsch, Torsten; Faldum, Andreas

2012-01-01

350

New?Onset Atrial Fibrillation is Associated With Cardiovascular Events Leading to Death in a First Time Myocardial Infarction Population of 89 703 Patients With Long?Term Follow?Up: A Nationwide Study  

PubMed Central

Background New?onset atrial fibrillation (AF) is reported to increase the risk of death in myocardial infarction (MI) patients. However, previous studies have reported conflicting results and no data exist to explain the underlying cause of higher death rates in these patients. Methods and Results All patients with first acute MI between 1997 and 2009 in Denmark, without prior AF, were identified from Danish nationwide administrative registers. The impact of new?onset AF on all?cause mortality, cardiovascular death, fatal/nonfatal stroke, fatal/nonfatal re?infarction and noncardiovascular death, were analyzed by multiple time?dependent Cox models and additionally in propensity score matched analysis. In 89 703 patients with an average follow?up of 5.0±3.5 years event rates were higher in patients developing AF (n=10 708) versus those staying in sinus?rhythm (n=78 992): all?cause mortality 173.9 versus 69.4 per 1000 person?years, cardiovascular death 137.2 versus 50.0 per 1000 person?years, fatal/nonfatal stroke 19.6/19.9 versus 6.2/5.6 per 1000 person?years, fatal/nonfatal re?infarction 29.0/60.7 versus 14.2/37.9 per 1000 person?years. In time?dependent multiple Cox analyses, new?onset AF remained predictive of increased all?cause mortality (HR: 1.9 [95% CI: 1.8 to 2.0]), cardiovascular death (HR: 2.1 [2.0 to 2.2]), fatal/nonfatal stroke (HR: 2.3 [2.1 to 2.6]/HR: 2.5 [2.2 to 2.7]), fatal/nonfatal re?infarction (HR: 1.7 [1.6 to 1.8]/HR: 1.8 [1.7 to 1.9]), and non? cardiovascular death (HR: 1.4 [1.3 to 1.5]) all P<0.001). Propensity?score matched analyses yielded nearly identical results (all P<0.001). Conclusions New?onset AF after first?time MI is associated with increased mortality, which is largely explained by more cardiovascular deaths. Focus on the prognostic impact of post?infarct AF is warranted. PMID:24449803

Bang, Casper N.; Gislason, Gunnar H.; Greve, Anders M.; Bang, Christian A.; Lilja, Alexander; Torp?Pedersen, Christian; Andersen, Per K.; Køber, Lars; Devereux, Richard B.; Wachtell, Kristian

2014-01-01

351

Long-term effects of advice to consume a high-protein, low-fat diet, rather than a conventional weight-loss diet, in obese adults with Type 2 diabetes: one-year follow-up of a randomised trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims\\/hypothesis  This study compared the long-term weight loss and health outcomes at 1-year follow-up, after a 12-week intensive intervention consisting of two low-fat, weight-loss diets, which differed in protein content.Methods  We randomly assigned 66 obese patients (BMI: 27–40 kg\\/m2) with Type 2 diabetes to either a low-protein (15% protein, 55% carbohydrate) or high-protein diet (30% protein, 40% carbohydrate) for 8 weeks of energy

G. D. Brinkworth; M. Noakes; B. Parker; P. Foster; P. M. Clifton

2004-01-01

352

Follow-up Care After Cancer Treatment  

MedlinePLUS

... Association of Cancer Online Resources, a cancer information system that offers access to electronic mailing lists and websites, provides a list of long-term follow-up care clinics on its Ped-Onc Resource Center ...

353

Long Term Follow-up of Near Earth Objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently-discovered Near Earth Objects (NEOs) will be observed using the KPNO 2.1-m telescope to add astrometric observations at arcs of 50 days or more from discovery. These extended arcs place strong constraints on the orbital solution and can greatly reduce the ephemeris uncertainty at the next recovery opportunity. On any night during 2011A, many recently-discovered NEOs will be observable in the range 21 < V < 23. We will place the highest priority on Virtual Impactors (VIs) and on Potentially Hazardous Asteroids (PHAs) where long arcs can be created. Among 92 objects for which the NEODyS system estimates a non-zero risk of Earth impact, all but 14 are unrecoverable using conventional (not wide field) telescopes. Some 85% of the objects that are the reason for the discovery surveys must be re-discovered at the next favorable opposition and linked to past observations before the impact risk can be reliably assessed. By creating an extended arc, we will reduce the number of VIs and PHAs that accumulate large ephemeris errors, thereby enabling future recovery efforts.

Trueblood, Mark; Crawford, Robert; Lebofsky, Larry

2011-02-01

354

Long Term Follow-up of Near Earth Objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We will use the KPNO 2.1-m telescope to recover Near Earth Objects (NEOs) by adding astrometric observations at one or more orbits since discovery. Recovery observations place the strongest constraints on the orbital solution and can be expected to improve the impact risk assessment for Virtual Impactors (VIs). Many NEOs will be observable in the range 21

Trueblood, Mark; Crawford, Robert; Lebofsky, Larry

2013-02-01

355

Long-Term Follow-up of Near Earth Objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently-discovered Near Earth Objects (NEOs) will be observed using the KPNO 2.1-m telescope to add astrometric observations at arcs up to 50-80 days from discovery. These extended arcs place strong constraints on the orbital solutions and can greatly reduce the ephemeris uncertainties at the next recovery opportunity. On any night during 2010B, many recently-discovered NEOs will be observable in the range 21 < V < 23. We will place the highest priority on Virtual Impactors (VIs) and on Potentially Hazardous Asteroids (PHAs) where long arcs can be created. Among 89 objects for which the NEODyS system estimates a non-zero risk of Earth impact, all but 20 are unrecoverable using conventional telescopes with small fields of view. Thus, ~80% of the objects that are the reason for the discovery surveys must be re- discovered at the next favorable oppositions and linked to past observations before the impact risk can be reliably assessed. By creating extended arcs, we will reduce the number of VIs and PHAs that accumulate large ephemeris errors, thereby enabling future recovery efforts.

Trueblood, Mark; Crawford, Robert; Lebofsky, Larry

2010-08-01

356

Long Term Follow-up of Near Earth Objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently-discovered Near Earth Objects (NEOs) will be observed using the KPNO 2.1-m telescope to add astrometric observations at arcs as long as 50-80 days from discovery. These extended arcs place strong constraints on the orbital solution and can greatly reduce the ephemeris uncertainty at the next recovery opportunity. Many recently-discovered NEOs will be observable in the range 21 < V < 23 on any night during 2012A. We will place the highest priority on Virtual Impactors (VIs) and on Potentially Hazardous Asteroids (PHAs) where long arcs can be created. We will also attempt to recover VI and PHA candidates on a 2- night run. Among the 109 NEOs (excluding small objects) for which the NEODyS system estimates a non-zero risk of Earth impact, all but 26 are unobservable using conventional (non-survey) telescopes. By creating extended arcs, we will reduce the number of VIs and PHAs that accumulate large errors, thereby enabling future recovery efforts and advancing the assessment of impact risk.

Trueblood, Mark; Crawford, Robert; Lebofsky, Larry

2012-02-01

357

Long-Term Follow-Up of Patients with Hypoparathyroidism  

PubMed Central

Context: Despite tremendous interest in hypoparathyroidism, large cohort studies describing typical treatment patterns, laboratory parameters, and rates of complications are lacking. Objective: Our objective was to characterize the course of disease in a large cohort of hypoparathyroid patients. Design and Setting: We conducted a chart review of patients with permanent hypoparathyroidism identified via a clinical patient data registry. Patients were seen at a Boston tertiary-care hospital system between 1988 and 2009. Patients: We identified 120 patients. Diagnosis was confirmed by documented hypocalcemia with a simultaneous low or inappropriately normal PTH level for at least 1 yr. Mean age at the end of the observation period was 52 ± 19 (range 2–87) yr, and the cohort was 73% female. Main Outcome Measure: We evaluated serum and urine laboratory results and renal and brain imaging. Results: We calculated time-weighted average serum calcium measurements for all patients. The time-weighted average for calcium was between 7.5 and 9.5 mg/dl for the majority (88%) of patients. Using linear interpolation, we estimated the proportion of time within the target calcium range for each patient with a median of 86% (interquartile range 67–98%). Of those with a 24-h urine collection for calcium (n = 53), 38% had at least one measurement over 300 mg/d. Of those with renal imaging (n = 54), 31% had renal calcifications, and 52% of those with head imaging (n = 31) had basal ganglia calcifications. Rates of chronic kidney disease stage 3 or higher were 2- to 17-fold greater than age-appropriate norms. Conclusions: Hypoparathyroidism and its treatment carry a large burden of disease. Renal abnormalities are particularly common. PMID:23043192

Mitchell, Deborah M.; Regan, Susan; Cooley, Michael R.; Lauter, Kelly B.; Vrla, Michael C.; Becker, Carolyn B.; Burnett-Bowie, Sherri-Ann M.

2012-01-01

358

Long Term Follow-up of Near Earth Objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently-discovered Near Earth Objects (NEOs) will be observed using the KPNO 2.1-m telescope to add astrometric observations at arcs as long as 20-80 days from discovery. These extended arcs place strong constraints on the orbital solution and can greatly reduce the ephemeris uncertainty at the next recovery opportunity. Many recently-discovered NEOs will be observable in the range 21

Trueblood, Mark; Bell, David; Lebofsky, Larry

2013-08-01

359

Long Term Follow-up of Near Earth Objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently-discovered Virtual Impactors (VIs) and Potentially Hazardous Asteroids (PHAs) will be observed using the KPNO 2.1-m telescope to add astrometric observations at arcs up to 90 days from discovery. These extended arcs place strong constraints on the orbital solution and can greatly reduce the ephemeris uncertainty at the next recovery opportunity. Many recently-discovered Near Earth Objects (NEOs) will be observable in the range 21

Trueblood, Mark; Crawford, Robert; Bell, David; Lebofsky, Larry

2014-02-01

360

Follow-Up Testing  

Cancer.gov

Provides possible follow-up testing, next steps and treatments for women who receive abnormal cervical screening test results, including estrogen cream, colposcopy, endocervical curettage biopsy, punch biopsy, and cone biopsy.

361

Follow-Up Testing  

MedlinePLUS

... North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition state that tTG-IgA testing should be used for follow-up care. Interpreting this test result is straightforward—a celiac on the gluten-free diet should have a negative test. The ...

362

Long Term Ecological Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students analyze data on temperature and precipitation collected from 26 different Long Term Ecological Research sites and compare them with annual net primary productivity. The students then form an ecological rule to explain their results.

Cooper, Scott

363

Long-term results of the standard Wagner cup  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cementless acetabular components gained popularity because of the increased rate of loosening associated with cemented cups\\u000a after intermediate and long-term follow-up. There are few long-term follow-up studies of cementless acetabular components.\\u000a This study aims to evaluate the clinical and radiological long-term results of the press-fit standard Wagner Cup. Between\\u000a January 1, 1994 and June 30, 1994, 118 implantations of a

Uwe Demmelmeyer; Annemarie Schraml; Wolfgang Hönle; Alexander Schuh

2010-01-01

364

Transvaginal cystocele repair using a tension-free polypropylene mesh: more than 5 years of follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesProspective randomized controlled trials, with 2 years’ follow-up, seem to lean in favour of anterior repair using synthetic mesh. The goal of this study was to report on long-term (>5 years) follow-up.

Vincent Letouzey; Xavier Deffieux; Amélie Gervaise; Grégoire Mercier; Hervé Fernandez; Renaud de Tayrac

2010-01-01

365

IV. Uterine fibroid embolization: follow-up.  

PubMed

Patients generally notice some relief of both menorrhagia and mass-effect symptoms during the first few weeks after uterine fibroid embolization (UFE). Shrinkage of the fibroids continues to take place over several months, peaking somewhere between 3 and 6 months, with measurable shrinkage sometimes noted for up to 1 year. The timing of follow-up visits is intended to coincide with the time course of improvement so that diagnostic imaging and intervention can be performed if symptoms worsen or relief does not appear to be on schedule. The amount of shrinkage of fibroids correlates neither with the intensity of immediate postprocedure symptoms or the degree of symptom relief. Affected fibroids undergo hyaline degeneration, a process in which the hard, cellular tumor is replaced by softer, acellular material. A nationwide registry has been constructed for the accumulation of procedural and follow-up data so that success and complication rates can be accurately determined and long-term issues about the durability of UFE and possible side effects can be addressed. PMID:12098107

Lipman, John C; Smith, Steven J; Spies, James B; Siskin, Gary P; Machan, Lindsay S; Bonn, Joseph; Worthington-Kirsch, Robert L; Goodwin, Scott C; Hovsepian, David M

2002-03-01

366

Long-term follow-up of whole lung lavage in patients with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis  

PubMed Central

Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare disorder characterized by intra-alveolar accumulation of lipid and proteinaceous material. While a small subset of patients with PAP spontaneously improve or even undergo disease remission, the majority of patients develop persistent or progressive disease. Numerous therapies have been used to treat PAP over the years; however, at present, whole lung lavage (WLL) remains the gold standard treatment for PAP. In the present study, data were accumulated from a cohort of patients with PAP (n=11) between 2003 and 2011 at the Wuxi People’s Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University. The disease affected males and females with a ratio of 2.7:1 and all the males were current or previous smokers. The disease severity score (DSS) of the patients was mainly distributed in DSS 4 or DSS 5. All the patients underwent WLL at least once, with one patient undergoing WLLs twice and another patient three times. The clinical features, arterial blood gas and pulmonary function of the patients, were assessed prior to and following the lavage. WLL resulted in a significant improvement in symptoms, radiographic features, PaO2, D(A-a)O2 and DLCO in patients with PAP, while pulmonary ventilation function did not significantly improve. WLL appears to be an effective approach for the treatment of PAP and leads to an improvement in survival rate. PMID:25120596

ZHOU, XIAOYAN; LU, GUOCHU; YU, ZHEN; GAO, FEI; BIAN, TAO

2014-01-01

367

Urological complications of congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus--long-term follow-up of one patient.  

PubMed

A male with a severe form of congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (diuresis 10 l per day) had megaureters, megavesica, large residuum and a history of three traumatic ruptures of the megavesica and a recurrent urinary tract infection (RUTI). Hemodialysis was introduced at 41 years of age. At age of 42, he underwent a bilateral retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy to prevent further RUTI and 8 months later transplantation of a cadaver kidney. Intermittent catheterization is necessary due to residual urine in the urinary bladder. PMID:17111080

Hora, M; Reischig, T; Hes, O; Ferda, J; Klecka, J

2006-01-01

368

Long-term follow-up of obsolete design: iris-clip glass intraocular lens.  

PubMed

An enucleated eye obtained post-mortem from a 95-year-old donor who had a 4-loop, iris-fixated (iris-clip) glass intraocular lens (IOL) that had been implanted 22 years earlier was analyzed. The patient had a history of mild corneal edema, glaucoma, and macular degeneration/macular pucker. High-frequency ultrasound showed a well-centered iris-fixated IOL. Gross and light microscopic analyses of the eye and the IOL showed fragments of iris tissue attached to the haptics, pigment dispersion within the eye, with pigmented epithelial cells attached to the lens haptics and interruptions of the iris pigmented epithelial layers, and signs of corneal decompensation. PMID:18299083

Yeh, Oliver; Werner, Liliana; Letocha, Charles E; Mamalis, Nick

2008-03-01

369

Long term follow-up of a patient with disseminated spinal hydatidosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A rare case of a 27-year-old male patient with dis- seminated sacral hydatidosis is presented. Because the diagnosis was missed initially, the patient under- went only partial resection of the tumour to obtain tissue for histology. The resection was followed by deep wound infection, and re-exploration had to be performed, thereby resecting the remaining cyst tissue and the S1-S3 vertebral

Johannes L. BRON; Folkert J. VAN KEMENADE; Olaf J. W. VERHOOF; Paul I. J. M. WUISMAN

370

Surgical Management of Achilles Tendon Overuse InjuriesA Long-term Follow-up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

We studied 79 cases of surgically treated Achilles ten don overuse injuries in 66 patients. Fifty-three (80%) of these patients were competitive or serious recreational runners operated on between 1978 and 1991. There were 49 men and 17 women with a mean age of 33 years (range, 17 to 59). The cases were divided into surgical subgroups based on their

Anthony A. Schepsis; Clayton Wagner; Robert E. Leach

1994-01-01

371

Quality of life in men with involuntary childlessness: long-term follow-up.  

PubMed

We conducted a longitudinal cohort study on the quality of life of infertile male patients measured at baseline and after 5 years with a specific quality of life instrument for male patients who are involuntarily childless. It was distributed to patients who were seen at the andrology and gynaecology clinics for infertility diagnoses and treatment. At baseline (T1), 275 patients took part in the study. A subset of these patients (N = 133) had released two semen samples, and the results of the semen analysis had been communicated to them before they received the questionnaire. Semen quality of this subset was assessed according to WHO recommendations. After 5 years (T2), the questionnaires were mailed again and were sent back by N = 101 patients. No significant quality of life difference was found between the semen quality groups. After 5 years, an improvement was found for the dimensions 'desire for a child' [mean score 1.92 (T1) versus 1.72 (T2)] and 'gender identity' [mean score 1.56 (T1) versus 1.42 (T2)] while no change was found for 'partnership' and 'psychological well-being'. We did not find significant differences between patients who had fathered a child in the meantime and patients who did not become fathers. PMID:23879209

Schanz, S; Häfner, H-M; Ulmer, A; Fierlbeck, G

2014-09-01

372

Issues relating to long-term follow-up in hip arthroplasty surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

We reviewed 598 cemented Charnley and Hi-nek total hip arthroplasties at 7 years. Data were obtained from general practitioners, hospital medical notes, microfilm, and patient questionnaires. Outcome measures were revision rates, survival analysis, 12-item Oxford Hip Score, and satisfaction ratings. There were 471 Charnley (79%) and 127 Hi-nek (21%) total hip arthroplasties; 139 deaths (23%) occurred, and 5 (<1%) were

Jill Dawson; Evelyn Jameson-Shortall; Mark Emerton; Julian Flynn; Peter Smith; Roger Gundle; David Murray

2000-01-01

373

Long-Term Follow-up after Tight Control of Blood Pressure in Type 2 Diabetes  

Microsoft Academic Search

From the Diabetes Trials Unit (R.R.H., S.K.P., M.A.B.) and the Division of Pub lic Health and Primary Health Care (H.A.W.N.) and the National Institute of Health Re- search (NIHR) School for Primary Care Research (H.A.W.N.), Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Metabo- lism (R.R.H., S.K.P., M.A.B., H.A.W.N., D.R.M.); and the NIHR Oxford Biomedi- cal Research Centre (R.R.H., H.A.W.N., D.R.M.) —

Rury R. Holman; Sanjoy K. Paul; M. Angelyn Bethel; H. Andrew; W. Neil; David R. Matthews

2010-01-01

374

Squamous cell carcinoma of the lip: survival analysis with long-term follow-up.  

PubMed

The first aim of this study was to evaluate the survival of the patients who underwent surgery due to lip squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Furthermore, the predictive value of the prognostic factors regarding overall outcome was also assessed. The secondary objective was to justify the need of a prophylactic neck dissection according to the tumor size. One hundred and one cases with lip SCC were included in this study. The data regarding prognostic factors and survival were retrospectively collected. The 5-year survival rate was found to be 82.1 %. Among the multiple prognostic factors, only age and disease stage had significant impact on survival (p < 0.05). Lymph nodes were positive in two (3.0 %) T1, 3 (11.5 %) T2, one (16.6 %) T3 and 3 (100 %) T4 patients. In Turkish population, the 5-year survival rate was found to be 82.1 %. Age and disease stage were independent factors which have significant impact on survival. In geriatric population, the 5-year survival rate was 69.6 %. There was an increased prevalence of the disease among women in the geriatric population. We suggest elective neck dissection and aggressive treatment for T2 tumors especially if the patient has multiple risk factors such as high tumor thickness and poor prognostic indicators such as increased age. PMID:25467011

Ozturk, Kerem; Gode, Sercan; Erdogan, Umut; Akyildiz, Serdar; Apaydin, Fazil

2014-12-01

375

Long-Term Follow Up of CSRP: Understanding Students' Academic Achievement Post-Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this poster presentation, the authors examine the impact of Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP) on students' academic achievement in elementary school. First, they provide upper- and lower-bound estimates of the impact of CSRP on students' academic achievement, taking into account their subsequent nonrandom selection into higher versus…

Lennon, Jaclyn M.; Li-Grining, Christine; Raver, C. Cybele; Pess, Rachel A.

2011-01-01

376

Long-Term Follow-Up of Patients With Mild Coronary Artery Disease and Endothelial Dysfunction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—Coronary endothelial dysfunction is characterized by vasoconstrictive response to the endothelium- dependent vasodilator acetylcholine. Although endothelial dysfunction is considered an early phase of coronary atherosclerosis, there is a paucity of information regarding the outcome of these patients. Thus, this study was designed to evaluate the outcome of patients with mild coronary artery disease on the basis of their endothelial function.

Shuichi Hamasaki; Stuart T. Higano; Rick A. Nishimura; David R. Holmes; Amir Lerman

377

Group hypnotherapy for irritable bowel syndrome with long-term follow-up.  

PubMed

This study tested whether group gut-focused hypnotherapy would improve irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Several possible outcome predictors were also studied. Before treatment, 75 patients completed a Symptom Severity Scale, a Mind-Body attribution questionnaire, and a Quality of Relationship Inventory (QRI). The symptom scale was completed posttreatment, 3, 6, and 12 months later. There was significant symptom reduction at each data point (p < .001). Sixty percent had a reduction of more than 50 points, indicative of clinical improvement. Initial severity score (p = .0004) and QRI conflict (p = .057) were directly correlated with a response to hypnotherapy, while attribution of symptoms to mind (emotional) causation was inversely correlated (p = .0056). The authors conclude that group hypnotherapy is effective in patients with IBS. PMID:23153384

Gerson, Charles D; Gerson, Jessica; Gerson, Mary-Joan

2013-01-01

378

Radiotherapy of nonfunctional adenomas of the pituitary gland. Results with long-term follow-up  

SciTech Connect

A total of 112 patients with the diagnosis of nonfunctional pituitary adenoma received radiation therapy at the University of Pittsburgh between 1964 and 1987. Postoperative radiation therapy was administered in 87 patients. Actuarial progression-free survival (tumor control) at 5, 10, 15, and 20 years was 97%, 89%, 87%, and 76%, respectively. Radiation prescribed to the 95% isodose ranged from 35.72 Gy to 62.32 Gy. Multivariate analysis showed decreased tumor control to be significantly associated with increasing field size (P = .036). No improvement in tumor control could be detected with increasing total radiation dose or nominal standard dose (NSD). One patient developed optic neuropathy and another developed a glioblastoma after doses in both patients of 4750 cGy in 25 fractions. External beam radiotherapy for nonfunctional pituitary adenomas was found to be effective and safe when doses less than 4750 cGy in 25 fractions were used.

Flickinger, J.C.; Nelson, P.B.; Martinez, A.J.; Deutsch, M.; Taylor, F.

1989-06-15

379

Radiotherapy of nonfunctional adenomas of the pituitary gland. Results with long-term follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

A total of 112 patients with the diagnosis of nonfunctional pituitary adenoma received radiation therapy at the University of Pittsburgh between 1964 and 1987. Postoperative radiation therapy was administered in 87 patients. Actuarial progression-free survival (tumor control) at 5, 10, 15, and 20 years was 97%, 89%, 87%, and 76%, respectively. Radiation prescribed to the 95% isodose ranged from 35.72

John C. Flickinger; Paul B. Nelson; Augusto Julio Martinez; Melvin Deutsch; Floyd Taylor

1989-01-01

380

Long-term pathological follow-up of cerebral arteriovenous malformations treated by embolization with bucrylate.  

PubMed

We examined 17 intracranial arteriovenous malformations that were resected after treatment by embolization using bucrylate (isobutyl-2-cyanoacrylate). In nine specimens removed 5 days to 16 months after embolization therapy, a series of pathologic changes was seen, including patchy mural angionecrosis (adjacent to bucrylate fragments) up to six weeks after embolization, the presence of bucrylate in vessel walls and fibromuscular intimal cushions, and the occurrence (after several months) of entirely extravascular bucrylate. Occasional parts of recanalized vascular malformations were identified. Bucrylate was present within arteriovenous malformations as late as 16 months after embolization, although the amount appeared to be diminished. These findings suggest a specific sequence of events in the interaction between bucrylate and mural components within the malformations and may explain some important complications of embolization therapy (e.g., delayed hemorrhage after embolization). PMID:3511383

Vinters, H V; Lundie, M J; Kaufmann, J C

1986-02-20

381

Long-term Follow-up of Gastroplasty in a Patient with Prader-Willi Syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

To prevent the development of metabolic disturbances caused by overeating, we performed vertical banded gastroplasty in an\\u000a adult woman with Prader-Willi syndrome. Her fasting blood sugar (FBS) and urinary sugar excretion (US) decreased during 6\\u000a months after the surgery under strict dietary control in the hospital. The insulin response to oral glucose at 6 months after\\u000a surgery was as good

Tsutomu Dousei; Masahiko Miyata; Masaaki Izukura; Tokuzo Harada; Toru Kitagawa; Hikaru Matsuda

1992-01-01

382

Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy subsyndromes: family studies and long-term follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 2001 classification subcommittee of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) proposed to 'group JME, juvenile absence epilepsy, and epilepsy with tonic clonic seizures only under the sole heading of idiopathic generalized epilepsies (IGE) with variable phenotype'. The implication is that juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) does not exist as the sole pheno