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1

Lessons learned from past experience with intensive livestock management systems.  

PubMed

The main impetus for 'modern' intensive animal production occurred after the Second World War, when Western governments developed policies to increase the availability of cheap, safe food for their populations. Livestock benefit under intensive husbandry by protection from environmental extremes and predators, and better nutritional and health management. Nevertheless, there are costs to the animal, such as impaired social behaviour, limited choice of living environment or pen mates, poor environmental stimulation and behavioural restrictions. The rapid progress in genetic selection of production traits has also, in some cases, adversely affected welfare by creating anatomical and metabolic problems. Above all, the intensively housed animal is heavily reliant on the stockperson and, therefore, inadequate care and husbandry practices by the stockperson may be the largest welfare risk. In a future in which the food supply may be limited as the world's population grows and land availability shrinks, intensive animal production is likely to expand. At the same time, ethical considerations surrounding intensive farming practices may also become more prominent. Novel technologies provide the opportunity to enhance both the productivity and welfare of intensively kept animals. Developing countries are also establishing more intensive commercial systems to meet their growing need for animal protein. Intensive livestock production in such countries has the potential for major expansion, particularly if such developments address the key constraints of poor welfare, inadequate nutrition, poor reproduction, poor housing, and high mortality often seen with traditional systems, and if farmer access to emerging market opportunities is improved. However, as shown by previous experience, inadequate regulation and staff who lack the appropriate training to care for the welfare of intensively housed livestock can be major challenges to overcome. PMID:25000786

Cronin, G M; Rault, J L; Glatz, P C

2014-04-01

2

Knowledge Management Systems for Knowledge-Intensive Processes: Design Approach and an Illustrative Example  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to gain sustainable competitive advantage in today's knowledge economy, organizations are looking beyond routine transactional workflow processes to support knowledge-intensive processes. Traditional business process management systems are effective in providing coordination support, but are not geared towards providing relevant knowledge support as well. Also, knowledge management systems are used in an ad hoc manner without explicitly linking them

Surendra Sarnikar; Amit V. Deokar

2010-01-01

3

Biology and management of insect pests in North American intensively managed hardwood forest systems.  

SciTech Connect

Annu. Rev. Entomol. 50:1-29. Abstract Increasing demand for wood and wood products is putting stress on traditional forest production areas, leading to long-term economic and environmental concerns. Intensively managed hardwood forest systems (IMHFS), grown using conventional agricultural as well as forestry methods, can help alleviate potential problems in natural forest production areas. Although IMHFS can produce more biomass per hectare per year than natural forests, the ecologically simplified, monocultural systems may greatly increase the crops susceptibility to pests. Species in the genera Populus and Salix comprise the greatest acreage in IMHFS in North America, but other species, including Liquidambar styracifua and Platanus occidentalis, are also important. We discuss life histories, realized and potential damage, and management options for the most economically infuential pests that affect these hardwood species. The substantial inherent challenges associated with pest management in the monocultural environments created by IMHFS are reviewed. Finally, we discuss ways to design IMHFS that may reduce their susceptibility to pests, increase their growth and productivity potential, and create a more sustainable environment.

Coyle, David R.; Nebeker, T., E.; Hart, E., R.; Mattson, W., J.

2005-01-01

4

Solids management and removal for intensive land-based aquaculture production systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review aims to identify and examine realistic aquaculture waste solids management strategies. The main reason for treating solids to be discharged from flow-through systems is to reduce potential negative impacts on the surrounding aquatic environment. In reuse and recycle systems, solids management will be required to maintain culture water quality. In such cases, solids management will often be designed

Simon J. Cripps; Asbjørn Bergheim

2000-01-01

5

Reproductive performance and milk production of Assaf sheep in an intensive management system.  

PubMed

The Assaf breed of dairy sheep, a stabilized cross of the Awassi and East Friesian breeds, has replaced the Awassi as the breed of choice in its country of origin, Israel, and has spread to other Mediterranean countries. In Israel the Assaf breed is managed under an intensive production system involving weaning lambs at birth, rearing them artificially, and milking ewes after parturition. There are several breeding periods in the year when ewes are mated following hormonally synchronized estrus. Records of 18,976 lactations from 5 farms were analyzed to investigate factors that influenced Assaf milk and reproductive performance. Lactation curves were fitted to each lactation, and a range of parameters and calculated values were analyzed. Daily milk yield records also were analyzed to describe a typical Assaf lactation and compared with those of the Awassi breed. Factors affecting age at first lambing also were studied. An average Assaf ewe kept under this intensive management regimen was found to produce 334 L of milk during a 173-d lactation. Mean litter size was 1.57 lambs/ewe lambing, and lambing interval was 272 d. Milk production was affected by litter size, with twin- and triplet-bearing ewes producing approximately 20 L more milk per lactation than single-bearing ewes. Day length was the major environmental variable influencing milk yield. The difference between midsummer and midwinter day lengths accounted for a difference in daily milk yield of 0.44 L in favor of summer. Ewe lambs that were mated for the first time at later ages produced more lambs and more milk due to greater early lactation characteristics. Milk production was found to be negatively associated with subsequent reproductive performance. Comparing these results with those from an earlier study in the Awassi breed, the Assaf was found to produce less milk during a shorter lactation than the Awassi, but its greater litter size made it a more profitable breed. PMID:15483153

Pollott, G E; Gootwine, E

2004-11-01

6

Intensive dairy systems: health implications of confined housing and the influence of stress management on welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regula et al. (2004) studied the effect of confinement on dairy cows kept in three intensive husbandry systems: tie stalls with regular exercise during summer but not during winter; tie stalls with regular exercise year-round; and loose-housing with regular outdoor access. The study showed that loose-housing and regular exercise throughout the year had a positive effect on lameness, teat injuries,

Sara Biasutti

7

A Catchment Systems Engineering (CSE) approach to managing intensively farmed land  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rural land management practices can have a significant impact on the hydrological and nutrient dynamics within a catchment which can dramatically alter the way it processes water, exacerbating nutrient losses from the system. A collaborative and holistic approach for managing potential conflicts between land management activity for food production alongside the aspiration to achieve good water quality and the need to make space for water can ensure the long-term sustainability of our agricultural catchments. Catchment System Engineering (CSE) is an interventionist approach to altering the catchment scale runoff regime through the manipulation of hydrological flow pathways throughout the catchment. By targeting hydrological flow pathways at source, such as overland flow, field drain and ditch function, a significant component of the runoff generation can be managed, greatly reducing erosive soil losses. Coupled with management of farm nutrients at source many runoff attenuation features or measures can be co-located to achieve benefits for water quality. Examples of community-led mitigation measures using the CSE approach will be presented from two catchments in Northumberland, Northern England, that demonstrate the generic framework for identification of multipurpose features that slow, store and filter runoff at strategic locations in the landscape. Measures include within-field barriers, edge of field traps and within-field sediment filters and sediment traps which demonstrate how sediment can be trapped locally (including silt and clay fractions) and be recovered for use back on the land. Deliverables from this CSE approach includes the reduction of downstream flood risk and capturing of sediment and associated nutrients. The CSE approach allows for a more natural flood and nutrient management approach which helps to restore vital catchment functions to re-establish a healthy catchment system.

Jonczyk, Jennine; Quinn, Paul; Barber, Nicholas; Wilkinson, Mark; ODonnell, Greg

2014-05-01

8

Reducing environmental risk by improving N management in intensive Chinese agricultural systems  

PubMed Central

Excessive N fertilization in intensive agricultural areas of China has resulted in serious environmental problems because of atmospheric, soil, and water enrichment with reactive N of agricultural origin. This study examines grain yields and N loss pathways using a synthetic approach in 2 of the most intensive double-cropping systems in China: waterlogged rice/upland wheat in the Taihu region of east China versus irrigated wheat/rainfed maize on the North China Plain. When compared with knowledge-based optimum N fertilization with 30–60% N savings, we found that current agricultural N practices with 550–600 kg of N per hectare fertilizer annually do not significantly increase crop yields but do lead to about 2 times larger N losses to the environment. The higher N loss rates and lower N retention rates indicate little utilization of residual N by the succeeding crop in rice/wheat systems in comparison with wheat/maize systems. Periodic waterlogging of upland systems caused large N losses by denitrification in the Taihu region. Calcareous soils and concentrated summer rainfall resulted in ammonia volatilization (19% for wheat and 24% for maize) and nitrate leaching being the main N loss pathways in wheat/maize systems. More than 2-fold increases in atmospheric deposition and irrigation water N reflect heavy air and water pollution and these have become important N sources to agricultural ecosystems. A better N balance can be achieved without sacrificing crop yields but significantly reducing environmental risk by adopting optimum N fertilization techniques, controlling the primary N loss pathways, and improving the performance of the agricultural Extension Service.

Ju, Xiao-Tang; Xing, Guang-Xi; Chen, Xin-Ping; Zhang, Shao-Lin; Zhang, Li-Juan; Liu, Xue-Jun; Cui, Zhen-Ling; Yin, Bin; Christie, Peter; Zhu, Zhao-Liang; Zhang, Fu-Suo

2009-01-01

9

Reducing environmental risk by improving N management in intensive Chinese agricultural systems.  

PubMed

Excessive N fertilization in intensive agricultural areas of China has resulted in serious environmental problems because of atmospheric, soil, and water enrichment with reactive N of agricultural origin. This study examines grain yields and N loss pathways using a synthetic approach in 2 of the most intensive double-cropping systems in China: waterlogged rice/upland wheat in the Taihu region of east China versus irrigated wheat/rainfed maize on the North China Plain. When compared with knowledge-based optimum N fertilization with 30-60% N savings, we found that current agricultural N practices with 550-600 kg of N per hectare fertilizer annually do not significantly increase crop yields but do lead to about 2 times larger N losses to the environment. The higher N loss rates and lower N retention rates indicate little utilization of residual N by the succeeding crop in rice/wheat systems in comparison with wheat/maize systems. Periodic waterlogging of upland systems caused large N losses by denitrification in the Taihu region. Calcareous soils and concentrated summer rainfall resulted in ammonia volatilization (19% for wheat and 24% for maize) and nitrate leaching being the main N loss pathways in wheat/maize systems. More than 2-fold increases in atmospheric deposition and irrigation water N reflect heavy air and water pollution and these have become important N sources to agricultural ecosystems. A better N balance can be achieved without sacrificing crop yields but significantly reducing environmental risk by adopting optimum N fertilization techniques, controlling the primary N loss pathways, and improving the performance of the agricultural Extension Service. PMID:19223587

Ju, Xiao-Tang; Xing, Guang-Xi; Chen, Xin-Ping; Zhang, Shao-Lin; Zhang, Li-Juan; Liu, Xue-Jun; Cui, Zhen-Ling; Yin, Bin; Christie, Peter; Zhu, Zhao-Liang; Zhang, Fu-Suo

2009-03-01

10

Science-based management of livestock welfare in intensive systems: looking to the future.  

PubMed

As welfare is a multidimensional concept, its assessment should be a multidisciplinary process, providing a comprehensive assessment of animal welfare in any given system. The different measurable aspects of welfare may be turned into welfare indicators and assessed in a scientific manner. Assessment of welfare may combine different approaches that include the assessment of the production system and measurement of animal-based welfare indicators. With both approaches, however, risk managers face difficulties related to the availability of resources for implementing regulations and training staff. Most animal-based welfare indicators have the advantage that they can be measured whatever the production system; they relate to the animal's experience of its own state. It is essential to confirm the reliability of the measures and their robustness to ensure valid welfare assessment, especially for a science-based management approach. Many welfare indicators, even those measured at the individual level, are expressed at group level, as a proportion of the animals. This allows benchmarking and following of trends over time. The decision on what is or is not acceptable from a welfare point of view is an ethical or managerial one. The advantage of a graded welfare indicator is that it allows different thresholds to be set by different people, countries or organisations, depending on the purpose of the assessment. The development of a set of harmonised international welfare indicators for global trade is also discussed. PMID:25000787

Vannier, P; Michel, V; Keeling, L J

2014-04-01

11

Clinical Decision Support and Closed-Loop Control for Cardiopulmonary Management and Intensive Care Unit Sedation Using Expert Systems.  

PubMed

Patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) who require mechanical ventilation due to acute respiratory failure also frequently require the administration of sedative agents. The need for sedation arises both from patient anxiety due to the loss of personal control and the unfamiliar and intrusive environment of the ICU, and also due to pain or other variants of noxious stimuli. While physicians select the agent(s) used for sedation and cardiovascular function, the actual administration of these agents is the responsibility of the nursing staff. If clinical decision support systems and closed-loop control systems could be developed for critical care monitoring and lifesaving interventions as well as the administration of sedation and cardiopulmonary management, the ICU nurse could be released from the intense monitoring of sedation, allowing her/him to focus on other critical tasks. One particularly attractive strategy is to utilize the knowledge and experience of skilled clinicians, capturing explicitly the rules expert clinicians use to decide on how to titrate drug doses depending on the level of sedation. In this paper, we extend the deterministic rule-based expert system for cardiopulmonary management and ICU sedation framework presented in [1] to a stochastic setting by using probability theory to quantify uncertainty and hence deal with more realistic clinical situations. PMID:23620646

Gholami, Behnood; Bailey, James M; Haddad, Wassim M; Tannenbaum, Allen R

2012-03-01

12

Intensive Forest Management And Environmental Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is much confusion about environmental consequences of intensive forest management. Even its advocates are apologetic and admit adverse effects of intensive management on long-term sustainability and biodiversity. They need not be: on the global scale, intensive management is the most powerful and practical way to preserve the environment. It is true that preserving biodiversity at a given point is

Boris Zeide

13

Intensive Care Information System Impacts  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Today, intensive care needs to be increased with a prospect of an aging population and socioeconomic factors influencing health intervention, but there are some problems in the intensive care environments, it is essential to resolve. The intensive Care information system has the potential to solve many of ICU problems. The objective of the review was to establish the impact of intensive care information systems on the practitioners practice, patient outcomes and ICU performance. Methods: Scientific databases and electronic journal citations was searched to identify articles that discussed the impacts of intensive care information system on the practices, patient outcomes and ICU performance. A total of 22 articles discussing ICIS outcomes was included in this study from 609 articles initially obtained from the searches. Results: Pooling data across studies, we found that the median impact of ICIS on information management was 48.7%. The median impact of ICIS on user’ outcomes was 36.4%, impact on saving tips by 24%, clinical decision support by a mean of 22.7%, clinical outcomes improved by a mean of 18.6%, and researches improved by 18%. Conclusion: The functionalities of ICIS are growing day by day and new functionalities are available with every major release. Better adoption of ICIS by the intensive care environments emphasizes the opportunity of better intensive care services through patient oriented intensive care clinical information systems. There is an immense need for developing guidelines for standardizing ICIS to to maximize the power of ICISs and to integrate with HISs. This will enable intensivists to use the systems in a more meaningful way for better patient care. This study provides a better understanding and greater insight into the effectiveness of ICIS in improving patient care and reducing health care expenses.

Ehteshami, Asghar; Sadoughi, Farahnaz; Ahmadi, Maryam; Kashefi, Parviz

2013-01-01

14

A distributed data management system for data-intensive radio astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The next generation of telescopes, such as the Square Kilometre Array (SKA), will generate orders of magnitude more data than previous instruments, far in excess of current storage and networking system handling abilities. To address this problem, we propose an architecture where data is distributed over several archive sites, each holding only a portion of the overall data, that provides efficient and transparent access to the archive as a whole. This paper describes that architecture in detail and the design and implementation of a prototype system, based on the Integrated Rule-Oriented Data System (iRODS) software.

Grimstrup, Arne; Mahadevan, Venkat; Eymere, Olivier; Anderson, Ken; Kiddle, Cameron; Simmonds, Rob; Rosolowsky, Erik; Taylor, Andrew R.

2012-09-01

15

Does introduction of a Patient Data Management System (PDMS) improve the financial situation of an intensive care unit?  

PubMed Central

Background Patient Data Management Systems (PDMS) support clinical documentation at the bedside and have demonstrated effects on completeness of patient charting and the time spent on documentation. These systems are costly and raise the question if such a major investment pays off. We tried to answer the following questions: How do costs and revenues of an intensive care unit develop before and after introduction of a PDMS? Can higher revenues be obtained with improved PDMS documentation? Can we present cost savings attributable to the PDMS? Methods Retrospective analysis of cost and reimbursement data of a 25 bed Intensive Care Unit at a German University Hospital, three years before (2004–2006) and three years after (2007–2009) PDMS implementation. Results Costs and revenues increased continuously over the years. The profit of the investigated ICU was fluctuating over the years and seemingly depending on other factors as well. We found a small increase in profit in the year after the introduction of the PDMS, but not in the following years. Profit per case peaked at 1039 € in 2007, but dropped subsequently to 639 € per case. We found no clear evidence for cost savings after the PDMS introduction. Our cautious calculation did not consider additional labour costs for IT staff needed for system maintenance. Conclusions The introduction of a PDMS has probably minimal or no effect on reimbursement. In our case the observed increase in profit was too small to amortize the total investment for PDMS implementation. This may add some counterweight to the literature, where expectations for tools such as the PDMS can be quite unreasonable.

2013-01-01

16

Effects of summer catch crop, residue management, soil temperature and water on the succeeding cucumber rhizosphere nitrogen mineralization in intensive production systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nitrogen nutrient management is crucially important in shallow-rooted vegetable production systems characterized by high input\\u000a and high environmental risk. To investigate the effects of summer catch crop (sweet corn, common bean, garland chrysanthemum\\u000a and edible amaranth), residue management, and soil temperature and water on the succeeding cucumber rhizosphere nitrogen mineralization\\u000a in intensive production systems, we determined the rates of net

Yongqiang Tian; Jun Liu; Xueyan Zhang; Lihong Gao

2010-01-01

17

Scheduling fertilizer applications as a simple mitigation option for reducing N2O emission in intensively managed mown grassland systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A general principle in all proposed N2O mitigation options is the fertilization according to plants' requirements. Meanwhile the amount of N fertilization allowed is regulated in many countries. Due to the high pressure from food security and the need for economic efficiency the given limits are generally used up. In mown grassland systems a simple mitigation option is to optimize the timing of the fertilizer applications. Application of fertilizer, both organic manure and mineral fertilizer, is generally scheduled after each cut in a narrow time window. In practice, the delay between cut and fertilizer application is determined by weather conditions, management conditions and most important by the planning and experience of the individual farmer. Many field experiments have shown that enhanced N2O emissions tend to occur after cuts but before the application of fertilizer, especially when soils are characterized by a high WFPS. These findings suggest that the time of fertilizer application has an important implications for the N2O emission rate and that scheduling fertilization according to soil conditions might be a simple, cheap and efficient measure to mitigate N2O emissions. In this paper we report on results from a sensitivity analysis aiming at quantifying the effects of the timing of the fertilizer applications on N2O emissions from intensively managed, mown grasslands. Simulations for different time schedules were carried out with the comprehensive ecosystem model "ECOSYS" . To our knowledge this aspect has not been systematically investigated from a scientific point of view, but might have been always there within the experiences of attentive environmentally concerned farmers.

Neftel, Albrecht; Calanca, Pierluigi; Felber, Raphael; Grant, Robert; Conen, Franz

2014-05-01

18

[Introduction of a management system in intensive care medicine based on the safety of the seriously ill patient during the entire hospitalization process: extended intensive care medicine].  

PubMed

The clinical care of hospitalized seriously ill patients must be suitably proportionate independently of the functional unit to which they have been admitted. Most of these patients are admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), where uninterrupted management is provided, with important technological and care resources. However, hospitalization of the seriously ill patient must be understood as a continuum starting and ending beyond hospital stay. Anticipating critical worsening requiring admission to the ICU would be of benefit to the patient, avoiding greater clinical worsening, and also would be of benefit to the hospital, by allowing improved resource management. Intensivists are the professionals best suited for this purpose, since they are trained to recognize the seriousness of an always dynamic clinical situation. Addressing this task implies a change in the traditional way of working of the ICU, since a critical patient is not only a patient already admitted to the Unit but also any other patient admitted to hospital whose clinical situation is becoming destabilized. In this context, our ICU has established two strategic lines. One consists of the identification of patients at risk outside the Unit and is based on the recognition, diagnostic orientation and early treatment of the seriously ill patient, in collaboration with other clinical specialties and independently of the hospital area to which the patient has been admitted. The second line in turn comprises clinical care within the actual Unit, and is based on the promotion of safety and the vigilance of nosocomial infections. PMID:21722991

Calvo Herranz, E; Mozo Martín, M T; Gordo Vidal, F

2011-01-01

19

Influence of age at first lambing on reproductive and productive performance of Lacaune dairy sheep under an intensive management system.  

PubMed

The present study investigated the effect of age at first lambing (AFL) on the performance of Lacaune sheep under intensive management conditions. Records from 3088 maiden sheep from one farm, for the period 2005-2010, were classified into four experimental groups: group E (early) ewes with AFL ?390 d; group M (middle) with AFL of 391-450 d; group L (late) with AFL of 451-510 d; and group A (aged) with AFL ?511 d. The higher the number of lactations, the lower were the yield/lactation and yield/Day in Milk. Ewes from group M up to 450 days old lambed 0.2 times more often and had 0.25 more lactations than the ewes from group L; in addition, the former group lambed 0.5 times more often and had 0.49 more lactations than ewes from group A. Group A had the lowest yield per lifetime; the yield followed the sequence: group E (1032 l) >group M (1051 l) >group L (989 l) > group A (859 l) (P<0.0001). Yield/lactation was affected by AFL during the first three lactations (P<0.05). Group E produced significantly less milk in the first lactation than ewes from groups M, L and A. AFL correlated negatively with the number of lactations in life (r= -0.26; P<0.0001) and with total milk yield (r= -209; P<0.0001). The productive performance between the ewes that reached puberty early (n=404) or late (n=2684) in life were different (P<0.0001) with the early sheep having a lower total milk yield (591 v. 1073 l, P<0.0001). In conclusion, the current study indicates that the optimal AFL for the Lacaune breed under an intensive dairy system is between 390 and 450 d. Ewes with AFL earlier than 390 d or later than 450 d are likely to have a shorter productive life and a lower lifetime milk production. PMID:21371361

Hernandez, Fernando; Elvira, Laura; Gonzalez-Martin, Juan-Vicente; Gonzalez-Bulnes, Antonio; Astiz, Susana

2011-05-01

20

Relative impacts of land-use, management intensity and fertilization upon soil microbial community structure in agricultural systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soil microbial communities under three agricultural management systems (conventionally tilled cropland, hayed pasture, and grazed pasture) and two fertilizer systems (inorganic fertilizer and poultry litter) were compared to that of a ?150-y-old forest near Watkinsville, Georgia. Both 16S rRNA gene clone libraries and phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) analyses indicated that the structure and composition of bacterial communities in the forest

Kamlesh Jangid; Mark A. Williams; Alan J. Franzluebbers; Jamie S. Sanderlin; Jaxk H. Reeves; Michael B. Jenkins; Dinku M. Endale; David C. Coleman; William B. Whitman

2008-01-01

21

Intensive care alarm system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Inductive loop has been added to commercially available call system fitted with earphone receiver. System transmits high frequency signals to nurse's receiver to announce patient's need for help without disturbing others.

Christensen, J. L.; Herbert, A. L.

1973-01-01

22

Managing antimicrobial resistance in intensive care units.  

PubMed

The challenges in managing patients with infection in the intensive care unit are increased in an era where there are dwindling antimicrobial choices for multidrug-resistant pathogens. Clinicians in the intensive care unit must balance between choosing appropriate antimicrobial treatment for patients with suspected infection and utilizing antimicrobials in a judicious fashion. Improving antimicrobial utilization is a critical component to reducing antimicrobial resistance. Although providing effective antimicrobial therapy and improving antimicrobial utilization may seem to be competing goals, there are effective strategies to accomplish both. Antimicrobial stewardship programs provide an organized way to implement these strategies and can enhance the intensive care unit physician's success in improving patient outcomes and combating antimicrobial resistance in the intensive care unit. PMID:20647789

Gandhi, Tejal N; DePestel, Daryl D; Collins, Curtis D; Nagel, Jerod; Washer, Laraine L

2010-08-01

23

Data-Intensive Scientific Management, Analysis and Visualization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The proposed integrated system provides a suite of services for data-intensive sciences that enables scientists to describe, manage, analyze and visualize data from experiments and numerical simulations in distributed and heterogeneous environment. This paper describes the advisor and the converter services and presents an example from the monitoring of the slant column content of atmospheric minor gases.

Goranova, Mariana; Shishedjiev, Bogdan; Juliana Georgieva, Juliana

2012-11-01

24

An acquisition and management system for clinical data from Intensive Care Units for remotely controlling drug infusion pumps  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main objective of Intensive Care Units is to stabilize patients in a critical condition. In doing so, specialist doctors administer different types of drugs. Their decisions are mainly based on the vital signs provided by different monitoring devices. Most of the drugs administered are given via infusion pumps located at the foot of each patient's bed. The doctor has

ALBERTO CURRA; MIGUEL PEREIRA; RAQUEL RIVAS; JAVIER PEREIRA; GERARDO BAÑOS; JORGE TEIJEIRO; ALEJANDRO PAZOS

25

Effect of castration on productive performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of Iberian pig females reared under intensive management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sixty crossbred (Iberian dam×Duroc sire) females, 80 days of age (17.6±0.13 kg body weight, BW), was used to investigate the effect of castration on productive performance, carcass and meat quality and fatty acid profile of backfat (BF). There were 2 treatments (intact females, IF; castrated females, CF) and 5 replicates of 6 pigs per treatment. Pigs were reared indoor under an intensive

M. P. Serrano; D. G. Valencia; A. Fuentetaja; R. Lázaro; G. G. Mateos

2009-01-01

26

Intelligent model-based advisory system for the management of ventilated intensive care patients. Part II: Advisory system design and evaluation.  

PubMed

The optimisation of ventilatory support is a crucial issue for the management of respiratory failure in critically ill patients, aiming at improving gas exchange while preventing ventilator-induced dysfunction of the respiratory system. Clinicians often rely on their knowledge/experience and regular observation of the patient's response for adjusting the level of respiratory support. Using a similar data-driven decision-making methodology, an adaptive model-based advisory system has been designed for the clinical monitoring and management of mechanically ventilated patients. The hybrid blood gas patient model SOPAVent developed in Part I of this paper and validated against clinical data for a range of patients lung abnormalities is embedded into the advisory system to predict continuously and non-invasively the patient's respiratory response to changes in the ventilator settings. The choice of appropriate ventilator settings involves finding a balance among a selection of fundamentally competing therapeutic decisions. The design approach used here is based on a goal-directed multi-objective optimisation strategy to determine the optimal ventilator settings that effectively restore gas exchange and promote improved patient's clinical conditions. As an initial step to its clinical validation, the advisory system's closed-loop stability and performance have been assessed in a series of simulations scenarios reconstructed from real ICU patients data. The results show that the designed advisory system can generate good ventilator-setting advice under patient state changes and competing ventilator management targets. PMID:20398957

Wang, Ang; Mahfouf, Mahdi; Mills, Gary H; Panoutsos, G; Linkens, D A; Goode, K; Kwok, Hoi-Fei; Denaï, Mouloud

2010-08-01

27

Effects of summer cover crop and residue management on cucumber growth in intensive Chinese production systems: soil nutrients, microbial properties and nematodes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Yield increases of cucumber following cover crops in a rotation system have been previously reported for intensive Chinese\\u000a agricultural production. However, little information is available as to how this system affects soil microbial properties\\u000a and nematodes. A 4-year field experiment on a greenhouse cucumber double-cropping system was conducted to investigate the\\u000a effects of four different summer cover crops on cucumber

Yongqiang Tian; Xueyan Zhang; Jun Liu; Lihong Gao

2011-01-01

28

Management intensity alters decomposition via biological pathways  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current conceptual models predict that changes in plant litter chemistry during decomposition are primarily regulated by both\\u000a initial litter chemistry and the stage—or extent—of mass loss. Far less is known about how variations in decomposer community\\u000a structure (e.g., resulting from different ecosystem management types) could influence litter chemistry during decomposition.\\u000a Given the recent agricultural intensification occurring globally and the importance

Kyle WickingsA; A. Stuart Grandy; Sasha Reed; Cory Cleveland

2011-01-01

29

Intensive management of a critically endangered species: the kakapo  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since a review of the management of the critically endangered kakapo (Strigops habroptilus) in 1994, management of this species has become more intensive. This paper reports on new developments in the supplementary feeding of kakapo, continuous monitoring and protection of nests from predators, translocations of kakapo between islands, and artificial incubation of eggs and hand-raising of chicks. Supplementary feeding probably

Graeme P Elliott; Don V Merton; Paul W Jansen

2001-01-01

30

IML-CZO: Critical Zone Observatory for Intensively Managed Landscapes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Intensively managed landscapes, regions of significant land use change, serve as a cradle for economic prosperity. However, the intensity of change is responsible for unintended deterioration of our land and water environments. By understanding present day dynamics in the context of long-term co-evolution of the Critical Zone comprising of the landscape, soil and biota, IML-CZO aims to support the assessment of short- and long-term resilience of the crucial ecological, hydrological and climatic services provided by the Critical Zone. An observational network of three sites in Illinois, Iowa, and Minnesota that capture the geological diversity of the low relief, glaciated, and tile-drained landscape will drive novel scientific and technological advances. IML-CZO will provide leadership in developing the next generation of scientists and practitioners, and informing management strategies aimed at reducing the vulnerability of the system to present and emerging trends in human activities. IML-CZO, one of the nine observatories funded by the United States National Science Foundation (NSF), consists of two core sites: the 3,690- sq. km. Upper Sangamon River Basin in Illinois and 270-sq. km. Clear Creek Watershed in Iowa, along with the 44,000- sq. km. Minnesota River Basin as third participating site. These sites together are characterized by low-relief landscapes with poorly drained soils and represent a broad range of physiographic variations found throughout the glaciated Midwest, and thereby provide an opportunity to advance understanding of the CZO in this important region. Through novel measurements, analysis and modeling, IML-CZO aims to address the following questions: • How do different time scales of geologic evolution and anthropogenic influence interact to determine the trajectory of CZ structure and function? • How is the co-evolution of biota, consisting of both vegetation and microbes, and soil affected due to intensive management? • How have dynamic patterns of connectivity, which link across transition zones and heterogeneity, changed by anthropogenic impacts? • How do these changes affect residence times and aggregate fluxes of water, carbon, nutrients, and sediment? IML-CZO will use historical data, existing observational networks, new instruments, remote sensing, sampling and laboratory analyses, and novel sensing technologies using open hardware and unmanned vehicles to study a number of variables related to climate and weather, hydrology, geology, geomorphology, soils, water chemistry, biogeochemistry, ecology, and land management. Additional details are available at imlczo.org.

Kumar, Praveen; Papanicolaou, Thanos

2014-05-01

31

Management of phosphorus, potassium, and sulfur in intensive, irrigated lowland rice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Management of soil phosphorus (P), potassium (K) and sulfur (S) resources in intensive, irrigated rice systems has received less attention than increasing cropping intensity and yields with new cultivars, irrigation, and fertilizer N. Crop requirements, input-output balance, and soil supplying capacity of P, K and S in irrigated lowland rice are reviewed. Based on projected rice production requirements, we estimate

A. Dobermann; K. G. Cassman; C. P. Mamaril; J. E. Sheehy

1998-01-01

32

Information Resources Management: Systems Communicating with Systems. A Session Especially Designed by Senior Managers for Senior Management Officials. Viewgraphs and Presentations. Intensive One-Day Symposium (Gaithersburg, Maryland, December 3, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summaries of the welcoming and opening remarks for a symposium on the standards issues that will affect the federal government's planning, acquisition, and use of integrated computer and telecommunications systems over the next five years set the stage for the keynote address by Joseph Timko of IBM entitled "Standards--Perspectives and Evolution."…

General Services Administration, Washington, DC.

33

Workload Models for Autonomic Database Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Autonomic computing is a promising approach to the problem of effectively managing large complex software systems such as database management systems (DBMSs). In order to be self-managing, an autonomic DBMS (ADBMS) must understand key aspects of its workload, including composition, frequency patterns, intensity and resource requirements. It must therefore use and maintain different characterizations, or models, of the workload to

Patrick Martin; Said Elnaffar; Ted J. Wasserman

2006-01-01

34

Markov Model Based Disk Power Management for Data Intensive Workloads  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract—In order to meet the increasing demands of present and upcoming data-intensive computer applications, there has been a major shift in the disk subsystem, which now consists of more disks with higher storage capacities and higher rotational speeds. These have made the disk subsystem a major consumer of power, making disk power management an important issue. People have considered the

Rajat Garg; Seung Woo Son; Mahmut T. Kandemir; Padma Raghavan; Ramya Prabhakar

2009-01-01

35

Laser and intense pulsed light management of couperose and rosacea.  

PubMed

Management of couperosis and rosacea has been totally renewed by laser and vascular laser techniques, with efficacy targeted on the telangiectases and to a lesser extent on the erythrosis. Laser management of hypertrophic rosacea or rhinophyma depends on surgical treatment with decortication, continuous CO(2) ablative laser or Erbium, fractionated at high power, then vascular laser treatment for the telangiectases: lasers with pulsed dye, KTP, or pulsed lights for red laser telangiectases and long pulse Nd-Yag laser for blue telangiectases. For papulopustular rosacea, vascular laser treatment (pulsed dye and KTP) and intense pulsed light will be begun once the inflammation has been treated. The major indication for vascular lasers and intense pulsed light is found in erythematotelangiectatic rosacea, with high efficacy for the telangiectases. Diffuse erythrosis is difficult to treat, requiring a high number of laser and/or intense pulsed light sessions. PMID:22183103

Dahan, S

2011-11-01

36

[Laser and intense pulsed light management of couperose and rosacea].  

PubMed

Management of couperosis and rosacea has been totally renewed by laser and vascular laser techniques, with efficacy targeted on the telangiectases and to a lesser extent on the erythrosis. Laser management of hypertrophic rosacea or rhinophyma depends on surgical treatment with decortication, continuous CO(2) ablative laser or Erbium, fractionated at high power, then vascular laser treatment for the telangiectases: lasers with pulsed dye, KTP, or pulsed lights for red laser telangiectases and long pulse Nd-Yag laser for blue telangiectases. For papulopustular rosacea, vascular laser treatment (pulsed dye and KTP) and intense pulsed light will be begun once the inflammation has been treated. The major indication for vascular lasers and intense pulsed light is found in erythematotelangiectatic rosacea, with high efficacy for the telangiectases. Diffuse erythrosis is difficult to treat, requiring a high number of laser and/or intense pulsed light sessions. PMID:21907878

Dahan, S

2011-09-01

37

Extensible database management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Work in the area of extensible database management systems addresses two problems with today's (primarily relational) DBMSs. First, current systems are lacking when it comes to meeting the needs of emerging applications such as CAD\\/CAM, multi-media office systems, image management, statistical data management, and text manipulation. Such applications require support for new data types, functions, complex objects, storage techniques, and

Michael J. Carey; Laura M. Haas

1990-01-01

38

Partial Budget Analysis of Effects of Crop Management Intensity on Profitability of Three Watermelon Cultivars  

Microsoft Academic Search

A field study on watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura and Nakai] in 1997, 1999, and 2000 revealed that management intensity affected profitability. Management intensity reflected a combination of cultural practices and levels of usage. Low intensity management (LM) included only soil fertilization and weed control. High intensity management (HM) additionally involved plastic mulch, drip irrigation, insect pest control, and plant

Wenhua Lu; James A. Duthie; B. Warren Roberts; Merritt J. Taylor; Jonathan V. Edelson

2003-01-01

39

Management intensity and topography determined plant diversity in vineyards.  

PubMed

Vineyards are amongst the most intensive forms of agriculture often resulting in simplified landscapes where semi-natural vegetation is restricted to small scattered patches. However, a tendency toward a more sustainable management is stimulating research on biodiversity in these poorly investigated agro-ecosystems. The main aim of this study was to test the effect on plant diversity of management intensity and topography in vineyards located in a homogenous intensive hilly landscape. Specifically, this study evaluated the role of slope, mowing and herbicide treatments frequency, and nitrogen supply in shaping plant diversity and composition of life-history traits. The study was carried out in 25 vineyards located in the area of the Conegliano-Valdobbiadene DOCG (Veneto, NE Italy). In each vineyard, 10 plots were placed and the abundance of all vascular plants was recorded in each plot. Linear multiple regression was used to test the effect of management and topography on plant diversity. Management intensity and topography were both relevant drivers of plant species diversity patterns in our vineyards. The two most important factors were slope and mowing frequency that respectively yielded positive and negative effects on plant diversity. A significant interaction between these two factors was also demonstrated, warning against the detrimental effects of increasing mowing intensity on steep slope where plant communities are more diverse. The response of plant communities to mowing frequency is mediated by a process of selection of resistant growth forms, such in the case of rosulate and reptant species. The other two management-related factors tested in this study, number of herbicide treatments and N fertilization, were less influential. In general, our study corroborates the idea that some simple changes in farming activities, which are compatible with grape production, should be encouraged for improving the natural and cultural value of the landscape by maintaining and improving wild plant diversity. PMID:24098435

Nascimbene, Juri; Marini, Lorenzo; Ivan, Diego; Zottini, Michela

2013-01-01

40

Differences in prevalence of tuberculosis in indigenous and crossbred cattle under extensive and intensive management systems in Tanga region of Tanzania.  

PubMed

A cross-sectional study was conducted between May 2003 and January 2004 on 130 households and 655 (246 indigenous and 409 crossbred) cattle to determine the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) and assess risk factors associated with prevalence in smallholder dairy and traditionally managed herds in the Tanga region of North-eastern Tanzania. Random sampling, single intradermal tuberculin (SIT), comparative intradermal tuberculin (SCIT) tests and a questionnaire were used to gather individual animal and herd level information. From 642 animal tested by SIT, 35 (5.4%) were positive reactors for tuberculosis. Out of those 35 bTB positive reactors, eight (1.25%) proved to be positive reactors for tuberculosis upon further testing by SCIT. Based on the SCIT test, individual animal prevalences of bTB in the smallholder dairy and traditionally managed cattle was 2% and 0%, respectively. The corresponding overall herd prevalence was 5.7% and 0%, respectively. In conclusion, bTB prevalence seems low; however, its potential risk to public health is of concern; underscoring the need for further research, active surveillance to better understand the epidemiology of the disease in different cattle production systems in Tanzania. PMID:21748525

Swai, Emmanuel Senyael; Schoonman, Luuk

2012-03-01

41

Adaptation of intensive mental health intensive case management to rural communities in the Veterans Health Administration.  

PubMed

There has been increasing concern in recent years about the availability of mental health services for people with serious mental illness in rural areas. To meet these needs the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) implemented the Rural Access Networks for Growth Enhancement (RANGE) program, in 2007, modeled on the Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) model. This study uses VA administrative data from the RANGE program (N = 343) to compare client characteristics at program entry, patterns of service delivery, and outcomes with those of Veterans who received services from the general VA ACT-like program (Mental Health Intensive Case Management (MHICM) (N = 3,077). Veterans in the rural program entered treatment with similar symptom severity, less likelihood of being diagnosed with schizophrenia and having had long-term hospitalization, but significantly higher suicidality index scores and greater likelihood of being dually diagnosed compared with those in the general program. RANGE Veterans live further away from their treatment teams but did not differ significantly in measures of face-to-face treatment intensity. Similar proportions of RANGE and MHICM Veterans were reported to have received rehabilitation services, crisis intervention and substance abuse treatment. The rural programs had higher scores on overall satisfaction with VA mental health care than general programs, slightly poorer outcomes on quality of life and on the suicidality index but no significant difference on other outcomes. These data demonstrate the clinical need, practical feasibility and potential effectiveness of providing intensive case management through small specialized case management teams in rural areas. PMID:22729625

Mohamed, Somaia

2013-03-01

42

Energy resource management for energy-intensive manufacturing industries  

SciTech Connect

A program to introduce energy resource management into an energy-intensive manufacturing industry is presented. The food industry (SIC No. 20) was chosen and 20 companies were selected for interviews, but thirteen were actually visited. The methodology for this program is detailed. Reasons for choosing the food industry are described. The substance of the information gained and the principal conclusions drawn from the interviews are given. Results of the model Energy Resource Management Plan applied to three companies are compiled at length. Strategies for dissemination of the information gained are described. (MCW)

Brenner, C.W.; Levangie, J.

1981-10-01

43

Year in review 2007: Critical Care - intensive care unit management  

PubMed Central

With the development of new technologies and drugs, health care is becoming increasisngly complex and expensive. Governments and health care providers around the world devote a large proportion of their budgets to maintaining quality of care. During 2007, Critical Care published several papers that highlight important aspects of critical care management, which can be subdivided into structure, processes and outcomes, including costs. Great emphasis was given to quality of life after intensive care unit stay, especially the impact of post-traumatic stress disorder. Significant attention was also given to staffing level, optimization of intensive care unit capacity, and drug cost-effectiveness, particularly that of recombinant human activated protein C. Managing costs and providing high-quality care simultaneously are emerging challenges that we must understand and meet.

Barbieri, Clayton; Carson, Shannon S; Amaral, Andre Carlos

2008-01-01

44

NASA's Risk Management System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Leadership is key to success. Phased-approach for implementation of risk management is necessary. Risk management system will be simple, accessible and promote communication of information to all relevant stakeholders for optimal resource allocation and risk mitigation. Risk management should be used by all team members to manage risks -- risk office personnel. Each group is assigned Risk Integrators who are facilitators for effective risk management. Risks will be managed at the lowest-level feasible, elevate only those risks that require coordination or management from above. Risk reporting and communication is an essential element of risk management and will combine both qualitative and quantitative elements. Risk informed decision making should be introduced to all levels of management. Provide necessary checks and balances to insure that risks are caught/identified and dealt with in a timely manner. Many supporting tools, processes & training must be deployed for effective risk management implementation. Process improvement must be included in the risk processes.

Perera, Jeevan S.

2011-01-01

45

Management apparatus, management system, and management method  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A management apparatus includes: a receiver that receives, via a network, status data based on control system data for stabilizing image forming from an image forming apparatus formed by image forming units; an inference unit that determines abnormality occurrence symptom, and calculates an index of the abnormality occurrence symptom, of the image forming units based on the received status data; a replacement part information acquisition unit that acquires information including a replacement date from a maintenance management system via the network when receiving a diagnosis request from a terminal of a maintenance person; a judgment table generator that calculates weight information of the symptom determination index value; a integrated diagnostic information generator for the image forming units based on the symptom determination index value and the weight information; and a integrated diagnostic information notification unit transmitting the integrated diagnostic value information to the terminal of the maintenance person.

2013-09-10

46

Research perspectives for time series management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Empirical research based on time series is a data intensive activity that needs a data base management system (DBMS). We investigate the special properties a time series management system (TSMS) should have. We then show that currently available solutions and related research directions are not well suited to handle the existing problems. Therefore, we propose the development of a special

Werner Dreyer; Angelika Kotz Dittrich; Duri Schmidt

1994-01-01

47

Understanding Trust Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a mathematical framework for ex- pressing trust management systems. The framework makes it easier to understand existing systems and to compare them to one another, as well as to design new systems. The framework defines the semantics of a trust management en- gine via a least fixpoint in a lattice, which, in some situa- tions, leads to

2001-01-01

48

Training Management System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a training management system developed by the Center for Development of Social Services. It is a set of practical, systematic procedures designed to manage and evaluate training programs. It is a complete model that meets the necessary criteria for competency-based training system. The system integrates the complex procedures…

McCowan, Richard J.

1998-01-01

49

Systems engineering management plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) is a comprehensive and effective tool used to assist in the management of systems engineering efforts. It is intended to guide the work of all those involved in the project. The SEMP is comprised of three main sections: technical project planning and control, systems engineering process, and engineering specialty integration. The contents of each

Tamara S

2009-01-01

50

Intelligent monitoring system for intensive care units.  

PubMed

We address in the present paper a medical monitoring system designed as a multi-agent based approach. Our system includes mainly numerous agents that act as correlated multi-agent sub-systems at the three layers of the whole monitoring infrastructure, to avoid non informative alarms and send effective alarms at time. The intelligence in the proposed monitoring system is provided by the use of time series technology. In fact, the capability of continuous learning of time series from the physiological variables allows the design of a system that monitors patients in real-time. Such system is a contrast to the classical threshold-based monitoring system actually present in the Intensive Care Units (ICUs) which causes a huge number of irrelevant alarms. PMID:21505862

Nouira, Kaouther; Trabelsi, Abdelwahed

2012-08-01

51

A case study of holistic wound management in intensive care.  

PubMed

Complex wounds that have become contaminated after abdominal surgery can cause a great deal of distress to patients, and the management of such wounds requires an holistic and humanistic approach (Torrance, 1985). This case study aims to address the issues of wound management, involving some of the underlying and surrounding problems - exudate, malodour, nutrition and wound pain - that may be associated with chronic wounds after surgery. Further discussed will be the treatment and use of vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) therapy which was administered to the patient in this study. The clinical environment is an intensive care unit (ICU) within a district general hospital. The critical care nurse is primarily involved in caring for resuscitation of the critically ill patient and wound care is often a long way down the list of priorities; however, wound management is important and must be addressed at part of holistic nursing care. PMID:12829977

Cardozo, Margaret

2003-06-01

52

NASA's Risk Management System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Phased-approach for implementation of risk management is necessary. Risk management system will be simple, accessible and promote communication of information to all relevant stakeholders for optimal resource allocation and risk mitigation. Risk management should be used by all team members to manage risks - not just risk office personnel. Each group/department is assigned Risk Integrators who are facilitators for effective risk management. Risks will be managed at the lowest-level feasible, elevate only those risks that require coordination or management from above. Risk informed decision making should be introduced to all levels of management. ? Provide necessary checks and balances to insure that risks are caught/identified and dealt with in a timely manner. Many supporting tools, processes & training must be deployed for effective risk management implementation. Process improvement must be included in the risk processes.

Perera, Jeevan S.

2013-01-01

53

Towards Ethical Decision Support and Knowledge Management in Neonatal Intensive Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies in neonatal medicine, clinical nursing, and cognitive psychology have indicated the need to augment current decision-making practice in neonatal intensive care units with computerized, intelligent decision support systems. Rapid progress in artificial intelligence and knowledge management facilitates the design of collaborative ethical decision-support tools that allow clinicians to provide better support for parents facing inherently difficult choices, such

L. Yang; M. Frize; R. C. Walker; C. Catley

2004-01-01

54

Medical Information Management System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

On-line interactive information processing system easily and rapidly handles all aspects of data management related to patient care. General purpose system is flexible enough to be applied to other data management situations found in areas such as occupational safety data, judicial information, or personnel records.

Alterescu, S.; Hipkins, K. R.; Friedman, C. A.

1979-01-01

55

Waste management system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The function of the waste management system was to control the disposition of solid and liquid wastes and waste stowage gases. The waste management system consisting of a urine subsystem and a fecal subsystem is described in detail and its overall performance is evaluated. Recommendations for improvement are given.

Sauer, R. L.; Jorgensen, G. K.

1975-01-01

56

General Education Management System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses an open-ended, generalized programing system which eliminates the duplication of effort and materials in data collection, storage, and reporting that is common in most piecemeal-evolved current management systems. (DE)

Tonks, Jesse W.

1970-01-01

57

Lithium battery management system  

DOEpatents

Provided is a system for managing a lithium battery system having a plurality of cells. The battery system comprises a variable-resistance element electrically connected to a cell and located proximate a portion of the cell; and a device for determining, utilizing the variable-resistance element, whether the temperature of the cell has exceeded a predetermined threshold. A method of managing the temperature of a lithium battery system is also included.

Dougherty, Thomas J. (Waukesha, WI)

2012-05-08

58

[Intensive care management of hematological and oncological patients].  

PubMed

Management of critically ill cancer patients warrants stringent admission criteria and clear concepts concerning duration and limits of intensive care. Recent developments in mechanical ventilation and sepsis therapy can easily be used to improve the outcome of critically ill cancer patients. The incidence and overall prognosis of cancer is constantly growing and, thus, the number of critically ill cancer patients is increasing. Furthermore, novel oncology drugs-in particular immune modulators-produce unexpected and substantial side effects. Therefore, the development of an interdisciplinary algorithm by oncologists and intensivists remains an important and dynamic challenge. PMID:23963277

von Bergwelt-Baildon, M; Shimabukuro-Vornhagen, A; Hallek, M; Kochanek, M

2013-09-01

59

Intensity-Modulated and 3D-Conformal Radiotherapy for Whole-Ventricular Irradiation as Compared With Conventional Whole-Brain Irradiation in the Management of Localized Central Nervous System Germ Cell Tumors  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To compare the sparing potential of cerebral hemispheres with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) for whole-ventricular irradiation (WVI) and conventional whole-brain irradiation (WBI) in the management of localized central nervous system germ cell tumors (CNSGCTs). Methods and Materials: Ten cases of patients with localized CNSGCTs and submitted to WVI by use of IMRT with or without a 'boost' to the primary lesion were selected. For comparison purposes, similar treatment plans were produced by use of 3D-CRT (WVI with or without boost) and WBI (opposed lateral fields with or without boost), and cerebral hemisphere sparing was evaluated at dose levels ranging from 2 Gy to 40 Gy. Results: The median prescription dose for WVI was 30.6 Gy (range, 25.2-37.5 Gy), and that for the boost was 16.5 Gy (range, 0-23.4 Gy). Mean irradiated cerebral hemisphere volumes were lower for WVI with IMRT than for 3D-CRT and were lower for WVI with 3D-CRT than for WBI. Intensity-modulated radiotherapy was associated with the lowest irradiated volumes, with reductions of 7.5%, 12.2%, and 9.0% at dose levels of 20, 30, and 40 Gy, respectively, compared with 3D-CRT. Intensity-modulated radiotherapy provided statistically significant reductions of median irradiated volumes at all dose levels (p = 0.002 or less). However, estimated radiation doses to peripheral areas of the body were 1.9 times higher with IMRT than with 3D-CRT. Conclusions: Although IMRT is associated with increased radiation doses to peripheral areas of the body, its use can spare a significant amount of normal central nervous system tissue compared with 3D-CRT or WBI in the setting of CNSGCT treatment.

Chen, Michael Jenwei, E-mail: michaelchen@einstein.b [Department of Radiation Oncology, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Silva Santos, Adriana da; Sakuraba, Roberto Kenji; Lopes, Cleverson Perceu; Goncalves, Vinicius Demanboro [Department of Radiation Oncology, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Weltman, Eduardo [Department of Radiation Oncology, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Department of Radiation Oncology, Hospital das Clinicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Ferrigno, Robson; Cruz, Jose Carlos [Department of Radiation Oncology, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

2010-02-01

60

Complexity systems management method  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

The Complexity Systems Management (CSM) Method is a scientifically derived business process method for managing complex events and situations. The CSM Method.TM. is based on new scientific evidence that explains the behaviors of complex adaptive systems. This same scientific evidence gives rise to a new method of science, known as a priori optionality. A priori optionality is based on six scientifically derived tenets that are systematically applied using the CSM Method.TM. to more accurately characterize the behaviors of complex adaptive systems and manage complex events and situations. Applications of the CSM Method are integrally tied to specialized knowledgebases and a plurality of automated software applications.

2012-01-24

61

Management Information Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An Australian university architect studying management information systems programs at academic institutions in the United States visited 26 universities and colleges and nine educational and professional associations, including extended visits at the Uni...

K. Crump

1978-01-01

62

Intranet Document Management Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains how intranets facilitate documentation availability within a company at substantial cost savings. Topics include intranet document management systems (IDMS); publication costs for printed materials; hardware and software specifications; performance; and security. (Author/LRW)

Wen, H. Joseph; Yen, David C.; Lin, Binshan

1998-01-01

63

Interactive examination management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

To handle several online examination settings, a web-based application test management software, namely interactive examination management system (iEMS), is proposed in this paper. The outstanding points of the proposed system are its good architecture designs, ease of uses, rich features, flexibilities and extensibilities. Seven standard types of questions are supported including multiple-choice, true\\/false, matching, ordering, fill-in the blank, short answer

S. Vasupongayya; T. Kamolphiwong; S. Kamolphiwong; S. Sae-Wong

2010-01-01

64

Redundant data management system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Redundant data management system solves problem of operating redundant equipment in real time environment where failures are detected, isolated, and switched in simple manner. System consists of quadruply-redundant computer, input/output control units, and data buses. System inherently contains failure detection, isolation, and switching function.

Hall, J. R.

1972-01-01

65

Current trends in pig nutrition at intensive or organic-farm management.  

PubMed

The paper presents some current problems related to pig nutrition at the intensive and organic rearing systems. Issues shared by both sectors of the pig management as well as specific organic feeding regimes are discussed. A growing concern in nutrient balance has been emphasized, especially protein digested in the caudal segment of the small intestine. Besides, the problems of animal welfare in both management systems were addressed along with the ban on growth promoter application (hormones and antibiotics) that appear to be redundant or even hazardous for human health. PMID:19227142

Grela, E R

2008-01-01

66

Integrated work management system.  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories develops technologies to: (1) sustain, modernize, and protect our nuclear arsenal (2) Prevent the spread of weapons of mass destruction; (3) Provide new capabilities to our armed forces; (4) Protect our national infrastructure; (5) Ensure the stability of our nation's energy and water supplies; and (6) Defend our nation against terrorist threats. We identified the need for a single overarching Integrated Workplace Management System (IWMS) that would enable us to focus on customer missions and improve FMOC processes. Our team selected highly configurable commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) software with out-of-the-box workflow processes that integrate strategic planning, project management, facility assessments, and space management, and can interface with existing systems, such as Oracle, PeopleSoft, Maximo, Bentley, and FileNet. We selected the Integrated Workplace Management System (IWMS) from Tririga, Inc. Facility Management System (FMS) Benefits are: (1) Create a single reliable source for facility data; (2) Improve transparency with oversight organizations; (3) Streamline FMOC business processes with a single, integrated facility-management tool; (4) Give customers simple tools and real-time information; (5) Reduce indirect costs; (6) Replace approximately 30 FMOC systems and 60 homegrown tools (such as Microsoft Access databases); and (7) Integrate with FIMS.

Williams, Edward J., Jr.; Henry, Karen Lynne

2010-06-01

67

[Management of quality in an Intensive Care Unit: implementation of ISO 9001:2008 international standard].  

PubMed

The Quality Management Systems make it possible to prioritize actions to maintain the safety and efficacy of health technologies. The Intensive Care Unit of our hospital has implemented a quality management plan, which has obtained accreditation as "Service Certificate that manages its activities according to UNE-EN ISO 9001:2008" standard. With the application of quality management system, it has been possible to detect the needs that the Service can cover in order to obtain the satisfaction of the patient, relative or health personnel of the other services of the hospital, to improve communications inside and outside of service, to secure greater understanding of the processes of the organization and control of risk, to delimit responsibilities clearly to all the personnel, to make better use of the time and resources and, finally, to improve the motivation of the personnel. PMID:20822737

Lorenzo Torrent, R; Sánchez Palacios, M; Santana Cabrera, L; Cobian Martinez, J L; García del Rosario, C

2010-10-01

68

Housing Management: Maintenance Materials Management System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is part of the Public Housing Management Improvement Program. This part of the program centralized its maintenance operation ensuring better management control over the maintenance delivery system. It also facilitated better inventory control o...

1976-01-01

69

Data Grid Management Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The "Grid" is an emerging infrastructure for coordinating access across autonomous organizations to distributed, heterogeneous computation and data resources. Data grids are being built around the world as the next generation data handling systems for sharing, publishing, and preserving data residing on storage systems located in multiple administrative domains. A data grid provides logical namespaces for users, digital entities and storage resources to create persistent identifiers for controlling access, enabling discovery, and managing wide area latencies. This paper introduces data grids and describes data grid use cases. The relevance of data grids to digital libraries and persistent archives is demonstrated, and research issues in data grids and grid dataflow management systems are discussed.

Moore, Reagan W.; Jagatheesan, Arun; Rajasekar, Arcot; Wan, Michael; Schroeder, Wayne

2004-01-01

70

Computer memory management system  

DOEpatents

A computer memory management system utilizing a memory structure system of "intelligent" pointers in which information related to the use status of the memory structure is designed into the pointer. Through this pointer system, The present invention provides essentially automatic memory management (often referred to as garbage collection) by allowing relationships between objects to have definite memory management behavior by use of coding protocol which describes when relationships should be maintained and when the relationships should be broken. In one aspect, the present invention system allows automatic breaking of strong links to facilitate object garbage collection, coupled with relationship adjectives which define deletion of associated objects. In another aspect, The present invention includes simple-to-use infinite undo/redo functionality in that it has the capability, through a simple function call, to undo all of the changes made to a data model since the previous `valid state` was noted.

Kirk, III, Whitson John (Greenwood, MO)

2002-01-01

71

Data Base Management Systems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CSC 455. Data Base Management Systems (3) Corequisite: CSC 332. Introduction to data base concepts, data independence, logical and physical views of data base systems. Data models: hierarchial, network and relational. Data description languages, query functions, relational algebra. Substantial software project required.

Narayan, Sridhar

2003-04-21

72

Purge water management system  

DOEpatents

A purge water management system is described for effectively eliminating the production of purge water when obtaining a groundwater sample from a monitoring well. In its preferred embodiment, the purge water management system comprises an expandable container, a transportation system, and a return system. The purge water management system is connected to a wellhead sampling configuration, typically permanently installed at the well site. A pump, positioned with the monitoring well, pumps groundwater through the transportation system into the expandable container, which expands in direct proportion with volume of groundwater introduced, usually three or four well volumes, yet prevents the groundwater from coming into contact with the oxygen in the air. After this quantity of groundwater has been removed from the well, a sample is taken from a sampling port, after which the groundwater in the expandable container can be returned to the monitoring well through the return system. The purge water management system prevents the purge water from coming in contact with the outside environment, especially oxygen, which might cause the constituents of the groundwater to oxidize. Therefore, by introducing the purge water back into the monitoring well, the necessity of dealing with the purge water as a hazardous waste under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act is eliminated.

Cardoso-Neto, J.E.; Williams, D.W.

1995-01-01

73

Purge water management system  

DOEpatents

A purge water management system for effectively eliminating the production of purge water when obtaining a groundwater sample from a monitoring well. In its preferred embodiment, the purge water management system comprises an expandable container, a transportation system, and a return system. The purge water management system is connected to a wellhead sampling configuration, typically permanently installed at the well site. A pump, positioned with the monitoring well, pumps groundwater through the transportation system into the expandable container, which expands in direct proportion with volume of groundwater introduced, usually three or four well volumes, yet prevents the groundwater from coming into contact with the oxygen in the air. After this quantity of groundwater has been removed from the well, a sample is taken from a sampling port, after which the groundwater in the expandable container can be returned to the monitoring well through the return system. The purge water management system prevents the purge water from coming in contact with the outside environment, especially oxygen, which might cause the constituents of the groundwater to oxidize. Therefore, by introducing the purge water back into the monitoring well, the necessity of dealing with the purge water as a hazardous waste under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act is eliminated.

Cardoso-Neto, Joao E. (North Augusta, SC); Williams, Daniel W. (Aiken, SC)

1996-01-01

74

Establishing a Regional Nitrogen Management Approach to Mitigate Greenhouse Gas Emission Intensity from Intensive Smallholder Maize Production  

PubMed Central

The overuse of Nitrogen (N) fertilizers on smallholder farms in rapidly developing countries has increased greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and accelerated global N consumption over the past 20 years. In this study, a regional N management approach was developed based on the cost of the agricultural response to N application rates from 1,726 on-farm experiments to optimize N management across 12 agroecological subregions in the intensive Chinese smallholder maize belt. The grain yield and GHG emission intensity of this regional N management approach was investigated and compared to field-specific N management and farmers' practices. The regional N rate ranged from 150 to 219 kg N ha?1 for the 12 agroecological subregions. Grain yields and GHG emission intensities were consistent with this regional N management approach compared to field-specific N management, which indicated that this regional N rate was close to the economically optimal N application. This regional N management approach, if widely adopted in China, could reduce N fertilizer use by more than 1.4 MT per year, increase maize production by 31.9 MT annually, and reduce annual GHG emissions by 18.6 MT. This regional N management approach can minimize net N losses and reduce GHG emission intensity from over- and underapplications, and therefore can also be used as a reference point for regional agricultural extension employees where soil and/or plant N monitoring is lacking.

Wu, Liang; Chen, Xinping; Cui, Zhenling; Zhang, Weifeng; Zhang, Fusuo

2014-01-01

75

Integrated Systems Health Management for Intelligent Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The implementation of an integrated system health management (ISHM) capability is fundamentally linked to the management of data, information, and knowledge (DIaK) with the purposeful objective of determining the health of a system. Management implies sto...

F. Figueroa K. Melcher

2011-01-01

76

Managing Conflict in Temporary Management Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As organizational tasks have grown more complex, several innovative temporary management systems such as matrix management have been developed. The Apollo space program has been an important contribution to the development of matrix management techniques. Discusses the role of conflict within the matrix, its determinants, and the process of…

Wilemon, David L.

1973-01-01

77

Management Information Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers addresses key questions facing college managers and others choosing, introducing, and living with big, complex computer-based systems. "What Use the User Requirement?" (Tony Coles) stresses the importance of an information strategy driven by corporate objectives, not technology. "Process of Selecting a Computerised MIS in…

Finlayson, Jean, Ed.

1989-01-01

78

Content Management Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors provide a guide in acquiring content management system. They conducted a vendor survey that covers four areas: (1) general information about the product (including standards supported); (2) administration of the product; (3) functionality; and (4) contact information for readers who want to know more. A list of product…

Wisniewski, Jeff; Stenstrom, Cheryl

2007-01-01

79

Management Information Systems Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Management Information Systems Manual for the Illinois Community College Board (ICCB) provides basic information for submitting data to the ICCB. The manual is published every two years, and an addendum is published in the off years. It highlights and summarizes information from other documents, without being meant to replace those documents.…

Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

80

Comparing Case Management Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case management has become a core component in the delivery of long term care services. It is widely viewed as a mechanism for linking and coordinating segments of a service delivery system (within a single agency or involving several providers) to ensure the most comprehensive program for meeting an individual client's needs for care. Although…

Austin, Carol D.; Greenberg, Jay N.

81

[Can the limits of intensive care management be defined?].  

PubMed

Medical treatment requires more than the application of techniques and devices. Knowing the limitations of (intensive) care and respecting patients' will and dignity is as important as technical skills. Limitations of therapy may arise from medical, ethical, legal, and economic reasons. Therapy may be limited through a Do-Not-Resuscitate (DNR) order, or by withholding or withdrawal of treatment. Total withdrawal of treatment ensues from proven brain death when organ donation has been denied or has been accomplished. But legislation as well as ethics and medical science fail to define unequivocal and precise criteria for limitation of treatment. Depending on the kind of disease, its prognosis and the patient's individual situation clinical scenarios can be identified when withholding or withdrawal of treatment may be thought of. The patient's expressed or anticipated wishes play a key role in decision-making on limitation of treatment. If the patient has no more decision making capacities physicians and patient's next of kin have to determine what would be in the patient's best interest. The patient and/or his family, all attending physicians and the nursing staff have to agree when limitation of care is taken into account. Hospital guidelines and written orders will help physicians and nursing staff to manage these difficult situations. Whether treatment has been limited or not, the patient and his family deserve all our medical and psychological skills--until the end. PMID:11699291

Schubert, J K; Nöldge-Schomburg, G F

2001-09-01

82

Semantische Content Management Systeme  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Content Management Systeme (CMS) sind in vielen Organisationen bereits seit längerer Zeit fester Bestandteil zur Verwaltung und kollaborativen Bearbeitung von Text- und Multimedia-Inhalten. Im Zuge der rasch ansteigenden Fülle an Informationen und somit auch Wissen wird die Überschaubarkeit der Datenbestände jedoch massiv eingeschränkt. Diese und zusätzliche Anforderungen, wie automatisch Datenquellen aus dem World Wide Web (WWW) zu extrahieren, lassen traditionelle CMS immer mehr an ihre Grenzen stoßen. Dieser Beitrag diskutiert die neuen Herausforderungen an traditionelle CMS und bietet Lösungsvorschläge, wie CMS kombiniert mit semantischen Technologien diesen Herausforderungen begegnen können. Die Autoren stellen eine generische Systemarchitektur für Content Management Systeme vor, die einerseits Inhalte für das Semantic Web generieren, andererseits Content aus dem Web 2.0 syndizieren können und bei der Aufbereitung des Content den User mittels semantischer Technologien wie Reasoning oder Informationsextraktion unterstützen. Dabei wird auf Erfahrungen bei der prototypischen Implementierung von semantischer Technologie in ein bestehendes CMS System zurückgegriffen.

Gams, Erich; Mitterdorfer, Daniel

83

Air System Information Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

I flew to Washington last week, a trip rich in distributed information management. Buying tickets, at the gate, in flight, landing and at the baggage claim, myriad messages about my reservation, the weather, our flight plans, gates, bags and so forth flew among a variety of travel agency, airline and Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) computers and personnel. By and large, each kind of information ran on a particular application, often specialized to own data formats and communications network. I went to Washington to attend an FAA meeting on System-Wide Information Management (SWIM) for the National Airspace System (NAS) (http://www.nasarchitecture.faa.gov/Tutorials/NAS101.cfm). NAS (and its information infrastructure, SWIM) is an attempt to bring greater regularity, efficiency and uniformity to the collection of stovepipe applications now used to manage air traffic. Current systems hold information about flight plans, flight trajectories, weather, air turbulence, current and forecast weather, radar summaries, hazardous condition warnings, airport and airspace capacity constraints, temporary flight restrictions, and so forth. Information moving among these stovepipe systems is usually mediated by people (for example, air traffic controllers) or single-purpose applications. People, whose intelligence is critical for difficult tasks and unusual circumstances, are not as efficient as computers for tasks that can be automated. Better information sharing can lead to higher system capacity, more efficient utilization and safer operations. Better information sharing through greater automation is possible though not necessarily easy.

Filman, Robert E.

2004-01-01

84

Building waste management core indicators through Spatial Material Flow Analysis: Net recovery and transport intensity indexes  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sustainability and proximity principles have a key role in waste management. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Core indicators are needed in order to quantify and evaluate them. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A systematic, step-by-step approach is developed in this study for their development. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Transport may play a significant role in terms of environmental and economic costs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Policy action is required in order to advance in the consecution of these principles. - Abstract: In this paper, the material and spatial characterization of the flows within a municipal solid waste (MSW) management system are combined through a Network-Based Spatial Material Flow Analysis. Using this information, two core indicators are developed for the bio-waste fraction, the Net Recovery Index (NRI) and the Transport Intensity Index (TII), which are aimed at assessing progress towards policy-related sustainable MSW management strategies and objectives. The NRI approaches the capacity of a MSW management system for converting waste into resources through a systematic metabolic approach, whereas the TII addresses efficiency in terms of the transport requirements to manage a specific waste flow throughout the entire MSW management life cycle. Therefore, both indicators could be useful in assessing key MSW management policy strategies, such as the consecution of higher recycling levels (sustainability principle) or the minimization of transport by locating treatment facilities closer to generation sources (proximity principle). To apply this methodological approach, the bio-waste management system of the region of Catalonia (Spain) has been chosen as a case study. Results show the adequacy of both indicators for identifying those points within the system with higher capacity to compromise its environmental, economic and social performance and therefore establishing clear targets for policy prioritization. Moreover, this methodological approach permits scenario building, which could be useful in assessing the outcomes of hypothetical scenarios, thus proving its adequacy for strategic planning.

Font Vivanco, David, E-mail: font@cml.leidenuniv.nl [Institut de Ciencia i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA), Departament d'Enginyeria Quimica, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona (UAB), 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona (Spain); Institute of Environmental Sciences (CML), Leiden University, P.O. Box 9518, 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Puig Ventosa, Ignasi [ENT Environment and Management, Carrer Sant Joan 39, First Floor, 08800 Vilanova i la Geltru, Barcelona (Spain); Gabarrell Durany, Xavier [Institut de Ciencia i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA), Departament d'Enginyeria Quimica, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona (UAB), 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona (Spain)

2012-12-15

85

Power management system  

DOEpatents

A method of managing power resources for an electrical system of a vehicle may include identifying enabled power sources from among a plurality of power sources in electrical communication with the electrical system and calculating a threshold power value for the enabled power sources. A total power load placed on the electrical system by one or more power consumers may be measured. If the total power load exceeds the threshold power value, then a determination may be made as to whether one or more additional power sources is available from among the plurality of power sources. At least one of the one or more additional power sources may be enabled, if available.

Algrain, Marcelo C. (Peoria, IL); Johnson, Kris W. (Washington, IL); Akasam, Sivaprasad (Peoria, IL); Hoff, Brian D. (East Peoria, IL)

2007-10-02

86

Application of Risk Management to the Production Chain of Intensively Reared Fish  

Microsoft Academic Search

Principles of risk management, as a part of risk analysis, are described with respect to their application to the production chain of intensively reared fish. According to the outcomes of the FAO\\/WHO Expert Consultation on the Application of Risk Management (Rome, 1997), there are four steps: risk evaluation, risk management option assessment, implementation of management decisions, and monitoring and review.

A. Giuffrida

2003-01-01

87

Building an intelligent camera management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given rapid improvements in storage devices, network infrastructure and streaming-media technologies, a large number of corporations and universities are recording lectures and making them available online for anytime, anywhere access. However, producing high-quality lecture videos is still labor intensive and expensive. Fortunately, recent technology advances are making it feasible to build automated camera management systems to capture lectures. In this

Yong Rui; Li-wei He; Anoop Gupta; Qiong Liu

2001-01-01

88

A system management methodology for building successful resource management systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents a system management methodology for building successful resource management systems that possess lifecycle effectiveness. This methodology is based on an analysis of the traditional practice of Systems Engineering Management as it applies to the development of resource management systems. The analysis produced fifteen significant findings presented as recommended adaptations to the traditional practice of Systems Engineering Management to accommodate system development when the requirements are incomplete, unquantifiable, ambiguous and dynamic. Ten recommended adaptations to achieve operational effectiveness when requirements are incomplete, unquantifiable or ambiguous are presented and discussed. Five recommended adaptations to achieve system extensibility when requirements are dynamic are also presented and discussed. The authors conclude that the recommended adaptations to the traditional practice of Systems Engineering Management should be implemented for future resource management systems and that the technology exists to build these systems extensibly.

Hornstein, Rhoda Shaller; Willoughby, John K.

1989-01-01

89

Data Management System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

CENTRA 2000 Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Auto-trol technology, obtained permission to use software originally developed at Johnson Space Center for the Space Shuttle and early Space Station projects. To support their enormous information-handling needs, a product data management, electronic document management and work-flow system was designed. Initially, just 33 database tables comprised the original software, which was later expanded to about 100 tables. This system, now called CENTRA 2000, is designed for quick implementation and supports the engineering process from preliminary design through release-to-production. CENTRA 2000 can also handle audit histories and provides a means to ensure new information is distributed. The product has 30 production sites worldwide.

1997-01-01

90

Carbon mineralization in the soils under different cover crops and residue management in an intensive protected vegetable cultivation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Continuous cropping under plastic greenhouses, a common practice in intensive Chinese vegetable production systems, has led to the decline of soil productivity and crop yields. A 4-year greenhouse experiment on cucumber double-cropping systems was conducted in Changping country, Beijing, China, to investigate the effects of summer cover crops and residue management on soil microbial biomass carbon (MBC), C mineralization and

Yongqiang Tian; Juan Liu; Xuhui Wang; Lihong Gao

2011-01-01

91

Management systems research study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of a Monte Carlo simulation of procurement activities at the NASA Ames Research Center is described. Data cover: simulation of the procurement cycle, construction of a performance evaluation model, examination of employee development, procedures and review of evaluation criteria for divisional and individual performance evaluation. Determination of the influences and apparent impact of contract type and structure and development of a management control system for planning and controlling manpower requirements.

Bruno, A. V.

1975-01-01

92

Training Management Information System  

SciTech Connect

The Training Management Information System (TMIS) is an integrated information system for all training related activities. TMIS is at the leading edge of training information systems used in the nuclear industry. The database contains all the necessary records to confirm the department's adherence to accreditation criteria and houses all test questions, student records and information needed to evaluate the training process. The key to the TMIS system is that the impact of any change (i.e., procedure change, new equipment, safety incident in the commercial nuclear industry, etc.) can be tracked throughout the training process. This ensures the best training can be performed that meets the needs of the employees. TMIS is comprised of six functional areas: Job and Task Analysis, Training Materials Design and Development, Exam Management, Student Records/Scheduling, Evaluation, and Commitment Tracking. The system consists of a VAX 6320 Cluster with IBM and MacIntosh computers tied into an ethernet with the VAX. Other peripherals are also tied into the system: Exam Generation Stations to include mark sense readers for test grading, Production PC's for Desk-Top Publishing of Training Material, and PC Image Workstations. 5 figs.

Rackley, M.P.

1989-01-01

93

A guideline management system.  

PubMed

This paper describes the architecture of NewGuide, a guide-line management system for handling the whole life cycle of a computerized clinical practice guideline. NewGuide components are organized in a distributed architecture: an editor to formalize guidelines, a repository to store them, an inference engine to implement guidelines instances in a multi-user environment, and a reporting system storing the guidelines logs in order to be able to completely trace any individual physician guideline-based decision process. There is a system "central level" that maintains official versions of the guidelines, and local Healthcare Organizations may download and implement them according to their needs. The architecture has been implemented using the Java 2 Enterprise Edition (J2EE) platform. Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) and a set of con-tracts are the key factors for the integration of NewGuide with healthcare legacy systems. They allow maintaining unchanged legacy user interfaces and connecting the system with what-ever electronic patient record. The system functionality will be illustrated in three different contexts: homecare-based pressure ulcer prevention, acute ischemic stroke treatment and heart failure management by general practitioners. PMID:15360768

Ciccarese, Paolo; Caffi, Ezio; Boiocchi, Lorenzo; Quaglini, Silvana; Stefanelli, Mario

2004-01-01

94

Root Zone Sensors for Irrigation Management in Intensive Agriculture  

PubMed Central

Crop irrigation uses more than 70% of the world’s water, and thus, improving irrigation efficiency is decisive to sustain the food demand from a fast-growing world population. This objective may be accomplished by cultivating more water-efficient crop species and/or through the application of efficient irrigation systems, which includes the implementation of a suitable method for precise scheduling. At the farm level, irrigation is generally scheduled based on the grower’s experience or on the determination of soil water balance (weather-based method). An alternative approach entails the measurement of soil water status. Expensive and sophisticated root zone sensors (RZS), such as neutron probes, are available for the use of soil and plant scientists, while cheap and practical devices are needed for irrigation management in commercial crops. The paper illustrates the main features of RZS’ (for both soil moisture and salinity) marketed for the irrigation industry and discusses how such sensors may be integrated in a wireless network for computer-controlled irrigation and used for innovative irrigation strategies, such as deficit or dual-water irrigation. The paper also consider the main results of recent or current research works conducted by the authors in Tuscany (Italy) on the irrigation management of container-grown ornamental plants, which is an important agricultural sector in Italy.

Pardossi, Alberto; Incrocci, Luca; Incrocci, Giorgio; Malorgio, Fernando; Battista, Piero; Bacci, Laura; Rapi, Bernardo; Marzialetti, Paolo; Hemming, Jochen; Balendonck, Jos

2009-01-01

95

Root zone sensors for irrigation management in intensive agriculture.  

PubMed

Crop irrigation uses more than 70% of the world's water, and thus, improving irrigation efficiency is decisive to sustain the food demand from a fast-growing world population. This objective may be accomplished by cultivating more water-efficient crop species and/or through the application of efficient irrigation systems, which includes the implementation of a suitable method for precise scheduling. At the farm level, irrigation is generally scheduled based on the grower's experience or on the determination of soil water balance (weather-based method). An alternative approach entails the measurement of soil water status. Expensive and sophisticated root zone sensors (RZS), such as neutron probes, are available for the use of soil and plant scientists, while cheap and practical devices are needed for irrigation management in commercial crops. The paper illustrates the main features of RZS' (for both soil moisture and salinity) marketed for the irrigation industry and discusses how such sensors may be integrated in a wireless network for computer-controlled irrigation and used for innovative irrigation strategies, such as deficit or dual-water irrigation. The paper also consider the main results of recent or current research works conducted by the authors in Tuscany (Italy) on the irrigation management of container-grown ornamental plants, which is an important agricultural sector in Italy. PMID:22574047

Pardossi, Alberto; Incrocci, Luca; Incrocci, Giorgio; Malorgio, Fernando; Battista, Piero; Bacci, Laura; Rapi, Bernardo; Marzialetti, Paolo; Hemming, Jochen; Balendonck, Jos

2009-01-01

96

Incident management systems in disaster management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Particularly since the 11 September terrorist attacks in the USA, much attention has been given to the development and implementation of incident management systems (IMS). The IMS is a tool for marshalling pre-identified and pre-assembled resources to respond to an emergency or disaster. IMS is particularly useful when personnel and resources from many agencies and jurisdictions are required to manage

Ronald W. Perry

2003-01-01

97

Army Healthcare Enterprise Management System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Introduction. The audit was performed in response to allegations to the Defense Hotline concerning the procurement of the Army Healthcare Enterprise Management System. The complaint alleged that the Army Healthcare Enterprise Management System was not pro...

2001-01-01

98

Programmatic risk management system  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Programmatic Risk Management System (PRMS) is to evaluate and manage potential risks associated with proposed projects (i.e., new products or processes, or possible research and technological development projects). Although the PRMS considers some technical aspects of risk, the primary focus of the methodology is programmatic risk. That is, the methodology permits an assessment of risks associated with such issues as the ability to successfully produce a product that performs in accordance with all customer requirements, and the availability and allocation of resources (money, equipment, facilities, skilled personnel). The PRMS process consists of five formalized activities that are essential for effective management of risks associated with proposed projects. These activities include risk assessment, development of appropriate risk mitigation strategies, estimating strategy implementation cost, ranking of risk mitigation strategies for resource allocation, and scheduling of strategy implementing. The PRMS utilizes a ranking system that allows the user to identify the most cost-effective investment of resources of minimizing risk.

Mahn, J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Wood, C.L. [Automated Solutions of Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1996-07-01

99

Stability of synchronous intensity modulation control of 40Gb\\/s dispersion-managed soliton transmissions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The efficiency of transmission control of dispersion-managed solitons by means of in-line synchronous intensity modulation is numerically analyzed. We demonstrate that intensity modulation may lead to dramatic improvements in the transmission performance of 40-Gb\\/s dispersion-managed solitons. In particular, we identify the locations within the dispersion map where synchronous intensity modulation provides an efficient control of the pulse propagation. Namely, a

Erwan Pincemin; Olivier Audouin; Bruno Dany; Stefan Wabnitz

2001-01-01

100

Integrative Model of Physiological Functions and Its Application to Systems Medicine in Intensive Care Unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Systems medicine characteristic of simultaneous management of various physiological functions by various medical specialists,\\u000a while taking the best use of various medical apparatus, has not been completely realized in the current intensive care unit\\u000a (ICU). In order to improve such systems medicine from viewpoint of biomedical engineering, an integrative model of physiological\\u000a functions is developed to simulate clinical management of

Lu Gaohua; Hidenori Kimura

101

Environmental Management System Plan  

SciTech Connect

Executive Order 13423, Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management establishes the policy that Federal agencies conduct their environmental, transportation, and energy-related activities in a manner that is environmentally, economically and fiscally sound, integrated, continually improving, efficient, and sustainable. The Department of Energy (DOE) has approved DOE Order 450.1A, Environmental Protection Program and DOE Order 430.2B, Departmental Energy, Renewable Energy and Transportation Management as the means of achieving the provisions of this Executive Order. DOE Order 450.1A mandates the development of Environmental Management Systems (EMS) to implement sustainable environmental stewardship practices that: (1) Protect the air, water, land, and other natural and cultural resources potentially impacted by facility operations; (2) Meet or exceed applicable environmental, public health, and resource protection laws and regulations; and (3) Implement cost-effective business practices. In addition, the DOE Order 450.1A mandates that the EMS must be integrated with a facility's Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) established pursuant to DOE P 450.4, 'Safety Management System Policy'. DOE Order 430.2B mandates an energy management program that considers energy use and renewable energy, water, new and renovated buildings, and vehicle fleet activities. The Order incorporates the provisions of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. The Order also includes the DOE's Transformational Energy Action Management initiative, which assures compliance is achieved through an Executable Plan that is prepared and updated annually by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL, Berkeley Lab, or the Laboratory) and then approved by the DOE Berkeley Site Office. At the time of this revision to the EMS plan, the 'FY2009 LBNL Sustainability Executable Plan' represented the most current Executable Plan. These DOE Orders and associated policies establish goals and sustainable stewardship practices that are protective of environmental, natural, and cultural resources, and take a life cycle approach that considers aspects such as: (1) Acquisition and use of environmentally preferable products; (2) Electronics stewardship; (3) Energy conservation, energy efficiency, and renewable energy; (4) Pollution prevention, with emphasis on toxic and hazardous chemical and material reduction; (5) Procurement of efficient energy and water consuming materials and equipment; (6) Recycling and reuse; (7) Sustainable and high-performance building design; (8) Transportation and fleet management; and (9) Water conservation. LBNL's approach to sustainable environmental stewardship required under Order 450.1A poses the challenge of implementing its EMS in a compliance-based, performance-based, and cost-effective manner. In other words, the EMS must deliver real and tangible business value at a minimal cost. The purpose of this plan is to describe Berkeley Lab's approach for achieving such an EMS, including an overview of the roles and responsibilities of key Laboratory parties. This approach begins with a broad-based environmental policy consistent with that stated in Chapter 11 of the LBNL Health and Safety Manual (PUB-3000). This policy states that Berkeley Lab is committed to the following: (1) Complying with applicable environmental, public health, and resource conservation laws and regulations. (2) Preventing pollution, minimizing waste, and conserving natural resources. (3) Correcting environmental hazards and cleaning up existing environmental problems, and (4) Continually improving the Laboratory's environmental performance while maintaining operational capability and sustaining the overall mission of the Laboratory. A continual cycle of planning, implementing, evaluating, and improving processes will be performed to achieve goals, objectives, and targets that will help LBNL carry out this policy. Each year, environmental aspects will be identified and their impacts to the environm

Fox, Robert; Thorson, Patrick; Horst, Blair; Speros, John; Rothermich, Nancy; Hatayama, Howard

2009-03-24

102

Environmental management system.  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM) Environmental Management System (EMS) is identification of environmental consequences from SNL/NM activities, products, and/or services to develop objectives and measurable targets for mitigation of any potential impacts to the environment. This Source Document discusses the annual EMS process for analysis of environmental aspects and impacts and also provides the fiscal year (FY) 2010 analysis. Further information on the EMS structure, processes, and procedures are described within the programmatic EMS Manual (PG470222).

Salinas, Stephanie A.

2010-08-01

103

Fostering adoption, acceptance, and assimilation in knowledge management system design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Designing information and communication technologies (ICT) for knowledge work is a primary challenge in research and practice of knowledge management. Knowledge workers supposedly organize and manage their workplaces, at least partly themselves, which needs to be considered when designing ICT for supporting their daily knowledge-intense activities. It is considered useful for designers of knowledge management systems (KMS) to look into

Maximilian Hecht; Ronald Maier; Isabella Seeber; Gabriela Waldhart

2011-01-01

104

Bench-to-bedside review: Leadership and conflict management in the intensive care unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the management of critical care units, leadership and conflict management are vital areas for the successful performance of the unit. In this article a practical approach to define competencies for leadership and principles and practices of conflict management are offered. This article is, by lack of relevant intensive care unit (ICU) literature, not evidence based, but it is the

Rob JM Strack van Schijndel; Hilmar Burchardi

2007-01-01

105

Discrepancy Reporting Management System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Discrepancy Reporting Management System (DRMS) is a computer program designed for use in the stations of NASA's Deep Space Network (DSN) to help establish the operational history of equipment items; acquire data on the quality of service provided to DSN customers; enable measurement of service performance; provide early insight into the need to improve processes, procedures, and interfaces; and enable the tracing of a data outage to a change in software or hardware. DRMS is a Web-based software system designed to include a distributed database and replication feature to achieve location-specific autonomy while maintaining a consistent high quality of data. DRMS incorporates commercial Web and database software. DRMS collects, processes, replicates, communicates, and manages information on spacecraft data discrepancies, equipment resets, and physical equipment status, and maintains an internal station log. All discrepancy reports (DRs), Master discrepancy reports (MDRs), and Reset data are replicated to a master server at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory; Master DR data are replicated to all the DSN sites; and Station Logs are internal to each of the DSN sites and are not replicated. Data are validated according to several logical mathematical criteria. Queries can be performed on any combination of data.

Cooper, Tonja M.; Lin, James C.; Chatillon, Mark L.

2004-01-01

106

Advances in Energy Management Systems  

SciTech Connect

This paper is one of the series prepared for a special session to be held at PICA 85. The objective is to review the advances that have been made in Energy Management Systems and to obtain a more common agreement as to the usefulness and future of such systems. The paper contains a summary of five discussions of Energy Management Systems. These discussions focus on the major components of an Energy Management System and address important questions as to the usefulness, past developments, the current state-of-the-art, and needs in Energy Management Systems. Each author provides a different perspective of these systems. The discussions are intended to provide insight into Energy Management Systems, to solicit discussions, and to provide a forum for discussions of Energy Management System's developments and future needs.

Horton, J.S.; Prince, B.; Sasson, A.M.; Wynne, W.T.; Trefny, F.; Cleveland, F.

1986-08-01

107

Manpower management information system /MIS/  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

System of programs capable of building and maintaining data bank provides all levels of management with regular manpower evaluation reports and data source for special management exercises on manpower.

Gravette, M. C.; King, W. L.

1971-01-01

108

Managing risk in software systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A methodology for risk management in the design of software systems is presented. It spans security, safety, and correct operation of software within the context of its environment, and produces a risk analysis and documented risk management strategy. It ...

S. K. Fletcher R. M. Jansma M. D. Murphy

1995-01-01

109

A digital intensity stabilization system for HeNe laser  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A digital intensity stabilization system for HeNe laser is developed. Based on a switching power IC to design laser power supply and a general purpose microcontroller to realize digital PID control, the system constructs a closed loop to stabilize the laser intensity by regulating its discharge current. The laser tube is made of glass ceramics and its integrated structure is steady enough to eliminate intensity fluctuations at high frequency and attenuates all intensity fluctuations, and this makes it easy to tune the control loop. The control loop between discharge current and photodiode voltage eliminates the long-term drifts. The intensity stability of the HeNe laser with this system is 0.014% over 12 h.

Wei, Zhimeng; Lu, Guangfeng; Yang, Kaiyong; Long, Xingwu; Huang, Yun

2012-02-01

110

Management of outbreaks in neonatal intensive care units.  

PubMed

Outbreaks in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) have disastrous consequences for neonates and raise enormous concerns in staff, altering usual practice patterns of the NICU. Our objective was to perform a systematic analysis for gaining insights into the control and prevention of NICUs outbreaks. Epidemiology, risk factors and outcomes are reviewed. PMID:24709461

Decembrino, Lidia; Maini, Antonella; Decembrino, Nunzia; Maggi, Ivana; Lacerenza, Serafina

2014-03-01

111

CAN INTENSIVE MANAGEMENT INCREASE CARBON STORAGE IN FORESTS?  

EPA Science Inventory

A possible response to increasing atmospheric CO2 concentration is to attempt to increase the amount of carbon stored in terrestrial vegetation. ne approach to increasing the size of the terrestrial carbon sink is to increase the growth of forests by utilizing intensive forest ma...

112

Computerized training management system  

DOEpatents

A Computerized Training Management System (CTMS) for providing a procedurally defined process that is employed to develop accreditable performance based training programs for job classifications that are sensitive to documented regulations and technical information. CTMS is a database that links information needed to maintain a five-phase approach to training-analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation independent of training program design. CTMS is designed using R-Base.RTM., an-SQL compliant software platform. Information is logically entered and linked in CTMS. Each task is linked directly to a performance objective, which, in turn, is linked directly to a learning objective; then, each enabling objective is linked to its respective test items. In addition, tasks, performance objectives, enabling objectives, and test items are linked to their associated reference documents. CTMS keeps all information up to date since it automatically sorts, files and links all data; CTMS includes key word and reference document searches.

Rice, Harold B. (Franklin Furnace, OH); McNair, Robert C. (East Setauket, NY); White, Kenneth (Shirley, NY); Maugeri, Terry (Wading River, NY)

1998-08-04

113

Computerized training management system  

DOEpatents

A Computerized Training Management System (CTMS) is disclosed for providing a procedurally defined process that is employed to develop accreditable performance based training programs for job classifications that are sensitive to documented regulations and technical information. CTMS is a database that links information needed to maintain a five-phase approach to training-analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation independent of training program design. CTMS is designed using R-Base{trademark}, an-SQL compliant software platform. Information is logically entered and linked in CTMS. Each task is linked directly to a performance objective, which, in turn, is linked directly to a learning objective; then, each enabling objective is linked to its respective test items. In addition, tasks, performance objectives, enabling objectives, and test items are linked to their associated reference documents. CTMS keeps all information up to date since it automatically sorts, files and links all data; CTMS includes key word and reference document searches. 18 figs.

Rice, H.B.; McNair, R.C.; White, K.; Maugeri, T.

1998-08-04

114

Supplier Management System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Supplier Management System (SMS) allows for a consistent, agency-wide performance rating system for suppliers used by NASA. This version (2.0) combines separate databases into one central database that allows for the sharing of supplier data. Information extracted from the NBS/Oracle database can be used to generate ratings. Also, supplier ratings can now be generated in the areas of cost, product quality, delivery, and audit data. Supplier data can be charted based on real-time user input. Based on these individual ratings, an overall rating can be generated. Data that normally would be stored in multiple databases, each requiring its own log-in, is now readily available and easily accessible with only one log-in required. Additionally, the database can accommodate the storage and display of quality-related data that can be analyzed and used in the supplier procurement decision-making process. Moreover, the software allows for a Closed-Loop System (supplier feedback), as well as the capability to communicate with other federal agencies.

Ramirez, Eric; Gutheinz, Sandy; Brison, James; Ho, Anita; Allen, James; Ceritelli, Olga; Tobar, Claudia; Nguyen, Thuykien; Crenshaw, Harrel; Santos, Roxann

2008-01-01

115

Systems management techniques and problems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Report is reviewed which discusses history and trends of systems management, its basic principles, and nature of problems that lend themselves to systems approach. Report discusses systems engineering as applied to weapons acquisition, ecology, patient monitoring, and retail merchandise operations.

1971-01-01

116

Kepler + Hadoop: a general architecture facilitating data-intensive applications in scientific workflow systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

MapReduce provides a parallel and scalable programming model for data-intensive business and scientific applications. MapReduce and its de facto open source project, called Hadoop, support parallel processing on large datasets with capabilities including automatic data partitioning and distribution, load balancing, and fault tolerance management. Meanwhile, scientific workflow management systems, e.g., Kepler, Taverna, Triana, and Pegasus, have demonstrated their ability to

Jianwu Wang; Daniel Crawl; Ilkay Altintas

2009-01-01

117

Autonomous Decentralized Traffic Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Autonomous Decentralized Traffic Management System is a completely renovated rail traffic control system, which is quite different from the conventional CTC (centralized traffic control)\\/PRC (programmed route control) type system. The features of the system are fully automatic route control for large-scale stations, a maintenance-work management system and an advanced man-machine system for dispatchers to adjust a disturbed diagram quickly.

Fumio Kitahara; K. Kera; Keisuke Bekki

2000-01-01

118

Neutron intensity gains for converging guide systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Neutron focusing, or increased current density at the expense of increased beam divergence, can be obtained by the addition of a converging guide at the end of a straight guide. The greatest gains are achieved when the critical angle of the coating of the converging guide is much greater than that of the straight guide. The gain is limited, however, by the increase in angle that the neutron trajectory makes with the axis upon successive reflections. Acceptance diagrams are used for deriving analytical expressions for describing the transmission properties of such systems. The results can be reduced to nine basic formulae depending on the geometric configuration and the coatings of the guides. A graphical method is presented for determining the appropriate expression for the current density gain for a particular guide configuration and relative surface coatings, as a function of wavelength. The results are in agreement with earlier measurements obtained with a straight-converging guide system.

Mildner, D. F. R.

1991-03-01

119

Mashups as an Architecture for Knowledge Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potential and significance of mashups for future corporate applications are currently discussed intensively. So far, first approaches for mashups in some areas of knowledge management have been developed. The potential of mashups as an architecture for knowledge management systems has not been analyzed at all. In order to provide a structured view, we firstly systemize mashups and derive a

Stefan Bitzer; Stefan Ramroth; Matthias Schumann

2009-01-01

120

Project-oriented management of batch plants. Information system design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intense competition and rapid environmental changes are revealing severe limitations in the effectiveness of the hierarchical and functional-oriented management system currently used by the vast majority of batch manufacturing industries. A project-oriented enterprise model of batch plants is proposed here. Each project is seen as an autonomous, temporary entity within the management system, in which different types of expertise are

E. C. Martínez

1999-01-01

121

SUPERFUND SOILS DATA MANAGEMENT SYSTEM  

EPA Science Inventory

This paper describes the Superfund Soil Data Management System (DMS), a PC-based data system being developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in its effort to manage and evaluate treatment and performance data for contaminated soil, sludge, and debris. his system...

122

A user interface management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design and construction of the user interface to interactive systems is receiving increased attention. This paper describes a user interface management system that allows a designer\\/developer to focus on the logical functionality of an application without the usual bookkeeping associated with a conventional programming language. The user interface management system contains two components: a special purpose, application independent dialogue

David J. Kasik

1982-01-01

123

Project management knowledge engineering system  

SciTech Connect

This article examines a knowledge-based optimal scheduling system designed to monitor the progress towards project objectives and minimize delays in scheduled completion dates. This computerized system was developed to reduce management by exception techniques (crisis management) and to help concentrate efforts on project objectives. The system's operation and use are discussed.

Rahbar, F.F. (Iowa State Univ., Ames (United States)); Yates, J.K. (Univ. of Colorado, Boulder (United States)); Spencer, G.R. (Benham Group, Tulsa, OK (United States))

1991-07-01

124

Managing Time in Workflow Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Even though currently available workflow management systems (WFMSs) offer sophisticated modeling tools for specifying and analyzing workflow processes, their time management support is rudimentary. Existing time management ,functionality mainly addresses process simulations (to identify process bottlenecks, analyze execution durations, etc.), assignment of deadlines to acti- vities, and triggering of process-specific exception-handling acti- vities (referred to as escalations) when deadlines

J. Eder; E. Paganos

2001-01-01

125

Managing Time in Workflow Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Even though currently available workflow management systems (WFMSs) offer sophisticated modeling tools for specifying and analyzing workflow processes, their time management support is rudimentary. Existing time management functionality mainly addresses process simulations (to identify process bottlenecks, analyze execution durations, etc.), assignment of deadlines to activities, and triggering of process-specific exception-handling activities (referred to as escalations) when deadlines are missed during

Johann Eder; Euthimios Panagos

2001-01-01

126

Effects of coffee management intensity on composition, structure, and regeneration status of ethiopian moist evergreen afromontane forests.  

PubMed

The effect of arabica coffee management intensity on composition, structure, and regeneration of moist evergreen Afromontane forests was studied in three traditional coffee-management systems of southwest Ethiopia: semiplantation coffee, semiforest coffee, and forest coffee. Vegetation and environmental data were collected in 84 plots from forests varying in intensity of coffee management. After controlling for environmental variation (altitude, aspect, slope, soil nutrient availability, and soil depth), differences in woody species composition, forest structure, and regeneration potential among management systems were compared using one way analysis of variance. The study showed that intensification of forest coffee cultivation to maximize coffee production negatively affects diversity and structure of Ethiopian moist evergreen Afromontane forests. Intensification of coffee productivity starts with the conversion of forest coffee to semiforest coffee, which has significant negative effects on tree seedling abundance. Further intensification leads to the conversion of semiforest to semiplantation coffee, causing significant diversity losses and the collapse of forest structure (decrease of stem density, basal area, crown closure, crown cover, and dominant tree height). Our study underlines the need for shade certification schemes to include variables other than canopy cover and that the loss of species diversity in intensively managed coffee systems may jeopardize the sustainability of coffee production itself through the decrease of ecosystem resilience and disruption of ecosystem services related to coffee yield, such as pollination and pest control. PMID:23180249

Hundera, Kitessa; Aerts, Raf; Fontaine, Alexandre; Van Mechelen, Maarten; Gijbels, Pieter; Honnay, Olivier; Muys, Bart

2013-03-01

127

Effects of Coffee Management Intensity on Composition, Structure, and Regeneration Status of Ethiopian Moist Evergreen Afromontane Forests  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effect of arabica coffee management intensity on composition, structure, and regeneration of moist evergreen Afromontane forests was studied in three traditional coffee-management systems of southwest Ethiopia: semiplantation coffee, semiforest coffee, and forest coffee. Vegetation and environmental data were collected in 84 plots from forests varying in intensity of coffee management. After controlling for environmental variation (altitude, aspect, slope, soil nutrient availability, and soil depth), differences in woody species composition, forest structure, and regeneration potential among management systems were compared using one way analysis of variance. The study showed that intensification of forest coffee cultivation to maximize coffee production negatively affects diversity and structure of Ethiopian moist evergreen Afromontane forests. Intensification of coffee productivity starts with the conversion of forest coffee to semiforest coffee, which has significant negative effects on tree seedling abundance. Further intensification leads to the conversion of semiforest to semiplantation coffee, causing significant diversity losses and the collapse of forest structure (decrease of stem density, basal area, crown closure, crown cover, and dominant tree height). Our study underlines the need for shade certification schemes to include variables other than canopy cover and that the loss of species diversity in intensively managed coffee systems may jeopardize the sustainability of coffee production itself through the decrease of ecosystem resilience and disruption of ecosystem services related to coffee yield, such as pollination and pest control.

Hundera, Kitessa; Aerts, Raf; Fontaine, Alexandre; Van Mechelen, Maarten; Gijbels, Pieter; Honnay, Olivier; Muys, Bart

2013-03-01

128

Mass Storage System Reference Model System Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

System Management is the collection of functions that are primarily concerned with the control, performance and utilization of the Mass Storage System defined by the Mass Storage System Reference Model. These functions are often very site-dependent, invol...

B. Collins T. McLarty

1988-01-01

129

Year in review 2007: Critical Care – intensive care unit management  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the development of new technologies and drugs, health care is becoming increasisngly complex and expensive. Governments and health care providers around the world devote a large proportion of their budgets to maintaining quality of care. During 2007, Critical Care published several papers that highlight important aspects of critical care management, which can be subdivided into structure, processes and outcomes,

Clayton Barbieri; Shannon S Carson; André Carlos Amaral

2008-01-01

130

Anaesthesia and intensive care management of face transplantation.  

PubMed

The face-grafting techniques are innovative and highly complex, requiring well-defined organization of all the teams involved. Subsequent to the first report in France in 2005, there have been 17 facial allograft transplantations performed worldwide. We describe anaesthesia and postoperative management, and the problems encountered, during the course of seven facial composite tissue grafts performed between 2007 and 2011 in our hospital. The reasons for transplantation were ballistic trauma in four patients, extensive neurofibromatosis in two patients, and severe burns in one patient. Anaesthesia for this long procedure involves advanced planning for airway management, vascular access, technique of anaesthesia, and fluid management. Preparation and grafting phases were highly haemorrhagic (>one blood volume), requiring massive transfusion. Median (range) volumes given for packed red cell (PRC) and fresh-frozen plasma (FFP) were 64.2 ml kg(-1) (35.5-227.5) and 46.2 ml kg(-1) (6.3-173.7), respectively. Blood loss quantification was difficult because of diffuse bleeding to the drapes. The management of patients with neurofibromatosis or burns involving the whole face was more difficult and haemorrhagic than the patients with lower face transplantation. Average surgical duration was 19.1 h (15-28 h). Postoperative severe graft oedema was present in most patients. Most patients encountered complications in ICU, such as renal insufficiency, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and jugular thrombosis. Opportunistic bacterial infections were a feature during the postoperative period in these highly immunosuppressed patients. PMID:23704190

Sedaghati-nia, A; Gilton, A; Liger, C; Binhas, M; Cook, F; Ait-Mammar, B; Scherrer, E; Hivelin, M; Lantieri, L; Marty, J; Plaud, B

2013-10-01

131

Nitrogen fluxes in intensive grassland systems  

SciTech Connect

In recent years, several advances have occurred in our understanding of the transformations and losses of nitrogen from grassland systems. This is particularly important in view of the inherently low efficiency of nitrogen utilization in animal production and the substantial increase that has occurred in inputs of nitrogen to grassland. This volume contains a selection of revised and updated papers. The processes affecting the utilization of nitrogen are discussed, in particular the impact of the ruminant on the nitrogen cycle in grassland. Emphasis is given to movement of nitrogen into and out of the soil organic matter and to processes of nitrogen loss including leaching from grazed swards and emission of nitrogenous gases to the atmosphere. Strategies to improve the overall efficiency of utilization are discussed in several papers.

Van der Meer, H.V.; Ryden, J.C.; Ennik, G.C.

1986-01-01

132

Involving Intensive Care Unit Nurses in a Proactive Risk Assessment of the Medication Management Process  

PubMed Central

Background Vulnerabilities in the medication management process can lead to serious patient harm. In intensive care units (ICUs), nurses represent the last line of defense against medication errors. Proactive risk assessment (PRA) offers methods for determining how processes can break down and how people involved in such processes can contribute to or recover from a breakdown. Such methods can also be used to identify ICU nurses’ contribution to the quality and safety of medication management. Methods A PRA method was conducted in a cardiovascular ICU to identify and evaluate failure modes in the nursing medication management process. The contributing factors to the failure modes and the recovery processes used by nurses were also characterized. Results A total of 54 failure modes were identified across the seven steps of the medication management process. For the 4 most critical failure modes, nurses listed 21 contributing factors and 21 recovery processes. Ways were identified to redesign the medication management process, one of which consists of dealing with work system factors that contribute to the most critical failure modes. Conclusions From a data-analysis viewpoint, the PRA method permits one to address a variety of objectives. Different scoring methods can be used to focus on either frequency or criticality of failure modes; one may also focus on a specific step of the process under study. Developing efforts towards eliminating or mitigating contributing factors would help reduce the criticality of the failure modes in terms of their likelihood and impact on patients and/or nurses. Developing systems to support the recovery processes used by nurses may be another approach to process redesign.

Faye, Helene; Joy Rivera-Rodriguez, A.; Karsh, Ben-Tzion; Schoofs Hundt, Ann; Baker, Christine; Carayon, Pascale

2011-01-01

133

Analysis of nutrient flows in integrated intensive aquaculture systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses nutrient conversions, which are taking place in integrated intensive aquaculture systems. In these systems fish is cultured next to other organisms, which are converting otherwise discharged nutrients into valuable products. These conversions are analyzed based on nitrogen and phosphorous balances using a mass balance approach. The analytical concept of this review comprises a hypothetical system design with

O. Schneider; V. Sereti; E. H. Eding; J. A. J. Verreth

2005-01-01

134

Hyperbaric critical care patient data management system.  

PubMed

A patient data management system (PDMS) has been used for years in the intensive care unit (ICU) at the Karolinska University Hospital to provide bedside or remote clinical patient documentation and information. Data from monitors, mechanical ventilators and syringe pumps are fed into a central clinical information management system to monitor, display trends and record data of vital parameters, ventilator settings and drugs. In order to continue routine critical care monitoring and recording during hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT), without endangering the safety demands of hyperbaric procedures, we have modified the PDMS system for hyperbaric use. Via an ethernet box placed inside the chamber, data are transmitted to the Clinisoft™ system through the local area network. By standardised risk-analysis procedures, in close cooperation between the hyperbaric and biomedical engineering departments, the chamber producer and the notifying body (Germanischer Lloyd), the ethernet box was modified to receive full safety approval by all parties. The PDMS is now functioning routinely during HBOT for intensive care patients so that data can be seen bedside and followed on-line in the ICU. Data are also continuously stored on the clinical information management system for later clinical or research purposes. Work continues to obtain CE approval for hyperbaric use for modern syringe pumps and mechanical ventilators connected to the PDMS system. Improved documentation of ICU care will improve quality of care during HBOT and facilitate research and development in hyperbaric medicine. PMID:22828816

Kronlund, Peter; Lind, Folke; Olsson, Daniel

2012-06-01

135

The Legion Resource Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent technological developments, including gigabit networkingtechnology and low-cost, high-performance microprocessors, have givenrise to metacomputing environments. Metacomputing environments combinehosts from multiple administrative domains via transnational andworld-wide networks. Managing the resources in such a system is a complextask, but is necessary to efficiently and economically execute userprograms. The Legion resource management system is flexible both in itssupport...

Steve J. Chapin; Dimitrios Katramatos; John F. Karpovich; Andrew S. Grimshaw

1999-01-01

136

[Rational management of atrial fibrillation in intensive care].  

PubMed

Atrial fibrillation (AF) occurs frequently in intensive care unit (ICU) patients and after coronary bypass graft (CABG) and valve surgery, with the peak incidence on postoperative days 2 and 3. Moreover, AF is one of the most common complications after thoracic surgery, e.g. video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS), lobectomy or extrapleural pneumonectomy. Prophylaxis with beta-blockers can reduce postoperative incidence of AF. The acute treatment of new-onset AF involves rhythm and frequency control and depends on whether the patient is hemodynamically stable or not. Rate control can be performed with beta-blockers or calcium-channel-blockers. Amiodarone is an effective and safe drug for converting AF to sinus rhythm. Conversion of AF should not be attempted 48 h after onset without anticoagulation or transesophageal echocardiography to rule out intracardiac thrombus formation. In order to avoid thromboembolism after cardioversion, an effective anticoagulation is mandatory. PMID:21105334

Hoffmann, B; Vilke, I; Drevitz, I; Steven, D; Rostok, T; Willems, S

2010-01-01

137

Fuel cell gas management system  

DOEpatents

A fuel cell gas management system including a cathode humidification system for transferring latent and sensible heat from an exhaust stream to the cathode inlet stream of the fuel cell; an anode humidity retention system for maintaining the total enthalpy of the anode stream exiting the fuel cell equal to the total enthalpy of the anode inlet stream; and a cooling water management system having segregated deionized water and cooling water loops interconnected by means of a brazed plate heat exchanger.

DuBose, Ronald Arthur (Marietta, GA)

2000-01-11

138

Fault management for data systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Issues related to automating the process of fault management (fault diagnosis and response) for data management systems are considered. Substantial benefits are to be gained by successful automation of this process, particularly for large, complex systems. The use of graph-based models to develop a computer assisted fault management system is advocated. The general problem is described and the motivation behind choosing graph-based models over other approaches for developing fault diagnosis computer programs is outlined. Some existing work in the area of graph-based fault diagnosis is reviewed, and a new fault management method which was developed from existing methods is offered. Our method is applied to an automatic telescope system intended as a prototype for future lunar telescope programs. Finally, an application of our method to general data management systems is described.

Boyd, Mark A.; Iverson, David L.; Patterson-Hine, F. Ann

1993-01-01

139

Carbon dynamics of intensively managed forest along a full rotation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Temperate and tropical forests are increasingly exploited for wood and biomass extraction and only one third of forest area was considered as primary in the recent FRA in 2010. Management practices affect the soil-forest-atmosphere continuum through various effects on soil and surface properties. They result ultimately in either positive or negative changes in the biomass and soil carbon pools but, if any, few datasets or modeling tools are available for quantifying their impacts on the net carbon balance of forest stands. To analyse these effects, the net half-hourly fluxes of CO2, water vapour and heat exchanges were monitored for 23 years in two closed stands of maritime pines in southwestern France. Carbon content of the aboveground biomass was measured annually and soil pools 10-early in the younger stand and 5-yearly in the mature stand. For analysing the data collected and disentangling the climate and management effects, we used the three components process-based model GRAECO+ (Loustau et al. this session) linking a 3D radiative transfer and photosynthesis model, MAESTRA, a soil carbon model adapted from ROTH-C and a plant growth model. Eddy flux data were processed, gapfilled and partitioned using the methodological recommendations (Aubinet et al. 2000, Adv. Eco. Res:30, 114-173, Falge et al. 2001, Agr. For. Meteo. : 107, 43-69, Reichstein et al. 2005, Glob. Change Biol., 11:1424-1439). Analysis of the sequence showed that, whether by an increased sensitivity to soil drought compared to the pines or by a rapid re-colonization of the inter-row after understorey removal and plowing, the weeded vegetation contributed to create specific intra-annual dynamics of the fluxes and therefore, controls the dynamics of carbon balance of the stand. After three growing seasons, the stand was already a carbon sink, but the impact of thinning and weeded vegetation removal at the age of 5-year brought the balance to almost neutral. We interpret this change as the combined effects of the reduction of the LAI, the enhancement of the heterotrophic respiration related to the decomposition of dead materials and the improvement of the mineralization of the large stock of soil organic matter by tillage. At the mature stage, the stand remains consistently a carbon sink and CO2 fluxes were insensitive to thinning. Conversely, the carbon balance was sensitive to climate effects as evidenced by repeated drastic reductions in NEP caused by soil drought. Our data underlines the importance of disturbances linked to forest management for the forest carbon balance during the early stage of tree growth. Since management intensification tends to shorten the forest life cycle and enhance the share of the young stages, our results confirm that the consequence of management operations on the carbon cycle in forest may revert intensified forest stands from a net sink to a source and should be accounted for carefully.

Moreaux, V.; Bosc, A.; Bonnefond, J.; Burlett, R.; Lamaud, E.; Sartore, M.; Trichet, P.; Chipeaux, C.; Lambrot, C.; Kowalski, A. S.; Loustau, D.

2012-12-01

140

Management issues in systems engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

When applied to a system, the doctrine of successive refinement is a divide-and-conquer strategy. Complex systems are sucessively divided into pieces that are less complex, until they are simple enough to be conquered. This decomposition results in several structures for describing the product system and the producing system. These structures play important roles in systems engineering and project management. Many

Robert Shishko; Robert G. Chamberlain; Robert Aster; Vincent Bilardo; Kevin Forsberg; Hal Mooz; Lou Polaski; Ron Wade

1993-01-01

141

Dynamically Negotiated Resource Management for Data Intensive Application Suites  

Microsoft Academic Search

In contemporary computers, and networks of computers, various application domains are mak- ing increasing demands on the system to move data from one place to another, particularly under some form of soft real-time constraint. A brute force technique for implementing applications in this type of domain demands excessive system resources, even though the actual requirements by different parts of the

Gary J. Nutt; Scott A. Brandt; Adam J. Griff; Sam Siewert; Marty Humphrey; Toby Berk

2000-01-01

142

Specific intensive care management of patients with traumatic brain injury: Present and future.  

PubMed

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major global problem and affects approximately 10 million peoples annually; therefore has a substantial impact on the health-care system throughout the world. In this article, we have summarized various aspects of specific intensive care management in patients with TBI including the emerging evidence mainly after the Brain Trauma Foundation (BTF) 2007 and also highlighted the scope of the future therapies. This review has involved the relevant clinical trials and reviews (from 1 January 2007 to 31 March 2013), which specifically discussed about the topic. Though, BTF guideline based management strategies could provide standardized protocols for the management of patients with TBI and have some promising effects on mortality and morbidity; there is still need of inclusion of many suggestions based on various published after 2007. The main focus of majority of these trials remained to prevent or to treat the secondary brain injury. The future therapy will be directed to treat injured neurons and may benefit the outcome. There is also urgent need to develop some good prognostic indicators as well. PMID:24843345

Chowdhury, Tumul; Kowalski, Stephen; Arabi, Yaseen; Dash, Hari Hara

2014-04-01

143

Specific intensive care management of patients with traumatic brain injury: Present and future  

PubMed Central

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major global problem and affects approximately 10 million peoples annually; therefore has a substantial impact on the health-care system throughout the world. In this article, we have summarized various aspects of specific intensive care management in patients with TBI including the emerging evidence mainly after the Brain Trauma Foundation (BTF) 2007 and also highlighted the scope of the future therapies. This review has involved the relevant clinical trials and reviews (from 1 January 2007 to 31 March 2013), which specifically discussed about the topic. Though, BTF guideline based management strategies could provide standardized protocols for the management of patients with TBI and have some promising effects on mortality and morbidity; there is still need of inclusion of many suggestions based on various published after 2007. The main focus of majority of these trials remained to prevent or to treat the secondary brain injury. The future therapy will be directed to treat injured neurons and may benefit the outcome. There is also urgent need to develop some good prognostic indicators as well.

Chowdhury, Tumul; Kowalski, Stephen; Arabi, Yaseen; Dash, Hari Hara

2014-01-01

144

ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE SYSTEMS THEORY  

EPA Science Inventory

Environmental Systems Management is the management of environmental problems at the systems level fully accounting for the multi-dimensional nature of the environment. This includes socio-economic dimensions as well as the usual physical and life science aspects. This is importa...

145

Integrated Systems Health Management for Intelligent Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The implementation of an integrated system health management (ISHM) capability is fundamentally linked to the management of data, information, and knowledge (DIaK) with the purposeful objective of determining the health of a system. It is akin to having a...

F. Figueroa K. Melcher

2010-01-01

146

Efficient Evaluation System for Learning Management Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A learning management system (LMS) provides the platform for web-based learning environment by enabling the management, delivery, tracking of learning, testing, communication, registration process and scheduling. There are many LMS systems on the market that can be obtained for free or through payment. It has now become an important task to choose…

Cavus, Nadire

2009-01-01

147

Medical-Information-Management System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Medical Information Management System (MIMS) computer program interactive, general-purpose software system for storage and retrieval of information. Offers immediate assistance where manipulation of large data bases required. User quickly and efficiently extracts, displays, and analyzes data. Used in management of medical data and handling all aspects of data related to care of patients. Other applications include management of data on occupational safety in public and private sectors, handling judicial information, systemizing purchasing and procurement systems, and analyses of cost structures of organizations. Written in Microsoft FORTRAN 77.

Alterescu, Sidney; Friedman, Carl A.; Frankowski, James W.

1989-01-01

148

Intelligent Integrated System Health Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Intelligent Integrated System Health Management (ISHM) is the management of data, information, and knowledge (DIaK) with the purposeful objective of determining the health of a system (Management: storage, distribution, sharing, maintenance, processing, reasoning, and presentation). Presentation discusses: (1) ISHM Capability Development. (1a) ISHM Knowledge Model. (1b) Standards for ISHM Implementation. (1c) ISHM Domain Models (ISHM-DM's). (1d) Intelligent Sensors and Components. (2) ISHM in Systems Design, Engineering, and Integration. (3) Intelligent Control for ISHM-Enabled Systems

Figueroa, Fernando

2012-01-01

149

FAILSAFE Health Management for Embedded Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The FAILSAFE project is developing concepts and prototype implementations for software health management in mission- critical, real-time embedded systems. The project unites features of the industry-standard ARINC 653 Avionics Application Software Standard Interface and JPL s Mission Data System (MDS) technology (see figure). The ARINC 653 standard establishes requirements for the services provided by partitioned, real-time operating systems. The MDS technology provides a state analysis method, canonical architecture, and software framework that facilitates the design and implementation of software-intensive complex systems. The MDS technology has been used to provide the health management function for an ARINC 653 application implementation. In particular, the focus is on showing how this combination enables reasoning about, and recovering from, application software problems.

Horvath, Gregory A.; Wagner, David A.; Wen, Hui Ying; Barry, Matthew

2010-01-01

150

QFD Application to a Software - Intensive System Development Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes the use of Quality Function Deployment (QFD), adapted to requirements engineering for a software-intensive system development project, and sysnthesizes the lessons learned from the application of QFD to the Network Control System (NCS) pre-project of the Deep Space Network.

Tran, T. L.

1996-01-01

151

a Study of Urban Intensive Land Evaluating System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The contradiction of land supply and demand is becoming increasingly prominent in China. The increasing efficiency of land use is an important means to resolve the conflict. We propose a scientific approach for promoting the urban intensive land use. In this paper, an evaluation system of urban intensive land use is programmed. It is designed to change the manual way of collecting index data and building index system to a dynamical way. The system improves the efficiency and accuracy of the evaluation of urban intensive land use. It achieves intensive evaluation on three scales: macro-level, medium-level and micro-level. We build two data extraction methods. One is XML-based meta-data exchange method that obtains index data from the cadastral database. Another is data monitoring method that writes the index data to the evaluation database at real time. Database technologies are used to calculate index values and build index systems dynamically. GIS technologies are use to achieve three scales evaluation of urban intensive land use.

Jiang, L.; Gu, J.; Chen, X.; You, Y.; Tang, Q.

2012-07-01

152

The CMS workload management system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

CMS has started the process of rolling out a new workload management system. This system is currently used for reprocessing and Monte Carlo production with tests under way using it for user analysis. It was decided to combine, as much as possible, the production/processing, analysis and T0 codebases so as to reduce duplicated functionality and make best use of limited developer and testing resources. This system now includes central request submission and management (Request Manager); a task queue for parcelling up and distributing work (WorkQueue) and agents which process requests by interfacing with disparate batch and storage resources (WMAgent).

Cinquilli, M.; Evans, D.; Foulkes, S.; Hufnagel, D.; Mascheroni, M.; Norman, M.; Maxa, Z.; Melo, A.; Metson, S.; Riahi, H.; Ryu, S.; Spiga, D.; Vaandering, E.; Wakefield, S.; Wilkinson, R.

2012-12-01

153

Designing Multifunctional Knowledge Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Expert locators and repository-based knowledge management systems (KMS) are different architectures proposed to perform different kinds of knowledge management functions. While expert locators can recommend an expert to perform a task, repository- based KMS can share a learned strategy to solve a given problem. In this paper, we describe a framework to develop KMS that can perform multifunctional tasks, usually

Rosina Weber; Sidath Gunawardena

2008-01-01

154

Integrated Learning Management Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four integrated learning management packages were reviewed: "CentraOne", "IntraLearn", "Lyceum", and "Silicon Chalk". These products provide different combinations of synchronous and asynchronous tools. The current report examines the products in relation to their specific value for distance educators and students.

Clark, Sharon; Cossarin, Mary; Doxsee, Harry; Schwartz, Linda

2004-01-01

155

Pathways to anxiety: contributions of attachment history, temperament, peer competence, and ability to manage intense emotions.  

PubMed

This longitudinal study tested whether associations between early attachment history and temperament and later anxiety symptoms are direct, or are indirect and explained by children's competencies in regulating emotions and relating to peers. Attachment patterns (secure, avoidant, preoccupied, disorganized) were assessed at 15 and 36 months, and temperament (negative emotionality-NE, Shyness) was assessed at 54 months. Peer competence (PC) and the ability to manage intense emotions were assessed at early school age, and anxiety symptoms in preadolescence. Both attachment history and temperament predicted anxiety. PC mediated the relations of security and disorganization with anxiety, and the ability to manage intense emotions mediated the relation between security and anxiety. PC also mediated the relations of NE and shyness with anxiety, and the ability to manage intense emotions mediated the relation of NE with anxiety. The findings highlight specific mechanisms that may contribute to the development of anxiety. PMID:23180143

Brumariu, Laura E; Kerns, Kathryn A

2013-08-01

156

Ammonia sources and sinks in an intensively managed grassland canopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Grasslands represent canopies with a complex structure where sources and sinks of ammonia (NH3) may coexist at the plant level. Moreover, management practices such as mowing, hay production and grazing may change the composition of the sward and hence the source-sink relationship at the canopy level as well as the interaction with the atmosphere. There is therefore a need to understand the exchange of ammonia between grasslands and the atmosphere better, especially regarding the location and magnitude of sources and sinks. Fluxes of atmospheric NH3 within a grassland canopy were assessed in the field and under controlled conditions using a dynamic chamber technique (cuvette). These cuvette measurements were combined with extraction techniques to estimate the ammonium (NH4+) concentration and the pH of a given part of the plant or soil, leading to an estimated ammonia compensation point (Cp). The combination of the cuvette and the extraction techniques was used to identify the potential sources and sinks of NH3 within the different compartments of the grassland: the soil, the litter or senescent "litter leaves", and the functioning "green leaves". A set of six field experiments and six laboratory experiments were performed in which the different compartments were either added or removed from the cuvettes. The results show that the cuvette measurements agree with the extraction technique in ranking the strength of compartment sources. It suggests that in the studied grassland the green leaves were mostly a sink for NH3 with a compensation point around 0.1-0.4 ?g m-3 and an NH3 flux of 6 to 7 ng m-2 s-1. Cutting of the grass did not increase the NH3 fluxes of the green leaves. The litter was found to be the largest source of NH3 in the canopy, with a Cp of up to 1000 ?g m-3 NH3 and an NH3 flux up to 90 ng m-2 s-1. The litter was found to be a much smaller NH3 source when dried (Cp=160 ?g m-3 and FNH3=35 ng m-2 s-1 NH3). Moreover emissions from the litter were found to vary with the relative humidity of the air. The soil was a strong source of NH3 in the period immediately after cutting (Cp=320 ?g m-3 and FNH3=60 ng m-2 s-1), which was nevertheless always smaller than the litter source. The soil NH3 emissions lasted, however, for less than one day, and were not observed with sieved soil. They could not be solely explained by xylem sap flow extruding NH4+. These results indicate that future research on grassland-ammonia relationships should focus on the post-mowing period and the role of litter in interaction with meteorological conditions.

David, M.; Loubet, B.; Cellier, P.; Mattsson, M.; Schjoerring, J. K.; Nemitz, E.; Roche, R.; Riedo, M.; Sutton, M. A.

2009-09-01

157

Intensive Care Unit-Acquired Weakness: Implications for Physical Therapist Management  

PubMed Central

Patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) can develop a condition referred to as “ICU-acquired weakness.” This condition is characterized by profound weakness that is greater than might be expected to result from prolonged bed rest. Intensive care unit–acquired weakness often is accompanied by dysfunction of multiple organ systems. Individuals with ICU-acquired weakness typically have significant activity limitations, often requiring physical assistance for even the most basic activities associated with bed mobility. Many of these individuals have activity limitations months to years after hospitalization. The purpose of this article is to review evidence that guides physical rehabilitation of people with ICU-acquired weakness. Included are diagnostic criteria, medical management, and prognostic indicators, as well as criteria for beginning physical rehabilitation, with an emphasis on patient safety. Data are presented indicating that rehabilitation can be implemented with very few adverse effects. Evidence is provided for appropriate measurement approaches and for physical intervention strategies. Finally, some of the key issues are summarized that should be investigated to determine the best intervention guidelines for individuals with ICU-acquired weakness.

Moss, Marc; Quan, Dianna; Schenkman, Margaret

2012-01-01

158

ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (EIMS)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Environmental Information Management System (EIMS) organizes descriptive information (metadata) for data sets, databases, documents, models, projects, and spatial data. The EIMS design provides a repository for scientific documentation that can be easily accessed with standar...

159

Intelligent Management System: An Overview.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper describes the Intelligent Management System (IMS) project, which is part of the factory of the Future project in the Robotics Institute of Carnegie-Mellon University. IMS is a long term project concerned with applying artificial intelligence te...

M. S. Fox

1982-01-01

160

Design Knowledge Management System (DKMS).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document describes the Design Knowledge Management System (DKMS), which provides a software environment for both the development and the delivery of intelligent assistants. These intelligent assistants can be used for computer-aided design (CAD), com...

R. J. Mayer

1990-01-01

161

BIOSOLIDS DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (BDMS)  

EPA Science Inventory

Resource Purpose: see hard copy attachment "EPA's Biosolids Data Management System and Plans for Evaluating Biosolids Quality" Legislation/Enabling Authority: CWA Section 402 Supported Program: OW, OWM, OECA, ORD, OSW, Regions 1-10, states, local facilitie...

162

Integrated Project Management System description.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project is a Department of Energy (DOE) designated Major System Acquisition (MSA). To execute and manage the Project mission successfully and to comply with the MSA requirements, the UMTRA Project Office (...

1987-01-01

163

Integrated Project Management System description.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Integrated Program Management System (IPMS) Description is a 'working' document that describes the work processes of the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project Office (UMTRA) and IPMS Group. This document has undergone many revisions since the ...

1994-01-01

164

Housing Management: Tenants Recreation System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is part of the Public Housing Management Improvement Program. This part of the program developed a tenant's recreation system. With the active involvement of tenants in the planning and development, the program aims at development of constructi...

1976-01-01

165

A time resolved intense pulsed light spectral analysis system.  

PubMed

Intense pulsed light systems are currently in widespread use in clinical applications. Verification of spectral content and associated pulse waveforms is, however, not featured in product support and calibration. A measurement system was developed to determine the spectral output of such sources within a series of discrete wavelength intervals. Such a system utilised a series of 11 broadband optical filters with centre wavelengths within the range 450-950 nm in circuit with silicon photodiodes as optical detectors. Signals were captured using a low cost 8-channel 16-bit universal serial bus data capture module interfaced to a laptop computer. This allowed the pulse profile of selected filter components to be separately captured and analysed. Calibration of individual filter channels was undertaken using a Bentham dmc150 spectroradiometer and reference tungsten light source. Initial measurements undertaken of the intense pulsed light output of a Lumenis One system using the system are described. PMID:17468898

Clarkson, D M; Gill, D; Odeke, M

2008-01-01

166

RIMS: Resource Information Management System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An overview is given of the capabilities and functions of the resource management system (RIMS). It is a simple interactive DMS tool which allows users to build, modify, and maintain data management applications. The RIMS minimizes programmer support required to develop/maintain small data base applications. The RIMS also assists in bringing the United Information Services (UIS) budget system work inhouse. Information is also given on the relationship between the RIMS and the user community.

Symes, J.

1983-01-01

167

National reconstruction information management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

National Reconstruction Information Management System (NARIMS) is a revolutionary concept designed and developed by the National Reconstruction Bureau, Government of Pakistan, to work as an aid in support of the Local Governments under the Devolution Plan. The system has been developed to address the issues and problems related to Local Government. The system helps the stakeholders in policy making decisions

Daniyal Aziz; Syed Adnan Shah; Deeba Gilani

2007-01-01

168

Managing pipeline systems: key roles.  

PubMed

While the UK has an enviable safety record in the management of medical gas systems, it is only via strict adherence to the four tenets - 'continuity, adequacy, identity, and quality' - embodied within Health Technical Memorandum 02-01: 2006 - 'Medical Gas Pipeline Systems' (MGPS) that we can be certain that patients will not be harmed by these systems. So says Geoff Dillow, a former training head at the forerunner to today's Eastwood Park, the National Centre for Hospital Engineering, and co-author of the HTM, who has over 35 years' professional experience in assessing medical gas systems for compliance. In the first of four HEJ guidance articles on 'Managing Medical Gas Pipeline Systems' planned for coming months, he examines the critical role of the MGPS Permit to Work System (PTWS), and describes the parts played by those involved in its implementation and day-to-day management. PMID:23678657

Dillow, Geoff

2013-04-01

169

The large-scale structure of software-intensive systems  

PubMed Central

The computer metaphor is dominant in most discussions of neuroscience, but the semantics attached to that metaphor are often quite naive. Herein, we examine the ontology of software-intensive systems, the nature of their structure and the application of the computer metaphor to the metaphysical questions of self and causation.

Booch, Grady

2012-01-01

170

Interaction among Skeletal Muscle Metabolic Energy Systems during Intense Exercise  

PubMed Central

High-intensity exercise can result in up to a 1,000-fold increase in the rate of ATP demand compared to that at rest (Newsholme et al., 1983). To sustain muscle contraction, ATP needs to be regenerated at a rate complementary to ATP demand. Three energy systems function to replenish ATP in muscle: (1) Phosphagen, (2) Glycolytic, and (3) Mitochondrial Respiration. The three systems differ in the substrates used, products, maximal rate of ATP regeneration, capacity of ATP regeneration, and their associated contributions to fatigue. In this exercise context, fatigue is best defined as a decreasing force production during muscle contraction despite constant or increasing effort. The replenishment of ATP during intense exercise is the result of a coordinated metabolic response in which all energy systems contribute to different degrees based on an interaction between the intensity and duration of the exercise, and consequently the proportional contribution of the different skeletal muscle motor units. Such relative contributions also determine to a large extent the involvement of specific metabolic and central nervous system events that contribute to fatigue. The purpose of this paper is to provide a contemporary explanation of the muscle metabolic response to different exercise intensities and durations, with emphasis given to recent improvements in understanding and research methodology.

Baker, Julien S.; McCormick, Marie Clare; Robergs, Robert A.

2010-01-01

171

Requirement Centric Security Evaluation of Software Intensive Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information security demands are increasing in nowadays complex and networked information technology environment. Systematic development of the information security requirements of practical software-intensive systems is typically ignored, at an inadequate level or relies heavily on the experience of the security professionals. However, it is obvious that security requirements should be the paid attention in all phases of security engineering. We

Reijo Savola

2007-01-01

172

Device configuration-management system  

SciTech Connect

The Fusion Chamber System, a major component of the Magnetic Fusion Test Facility, contains several hundred devices which report status to the Supervisory Control and Diagnostic System for control and monitoring purposes. To manage the large number of diversity of devices represented, a device configuration management system was required and developed. Key components of this software tool include the MFTF Data Base; a configuration editor; and a tree structure defining the relationships between the subsystem devices. This paper will describe how the configuration system easily accomodates recognizing new devices, restructuring existing devices, and modifying device profile information.

Nowell, D.M.

1981-01-01

173

Family-centered intensive case management: A step toward understanding individualized care  

Microsoft Academic Search

New York State's initial attempt at individualizing services occurred within the context of an experiment. We randomly assigned children 5–12 years old who were referred for out-of-home placement in treatment foster care to either treatment foster care, Family-Based Treatment (n=15), or to Family-Centered Intensive Case Management (FCICM) (n=27). FCICM used teams of case managers and parent advocates to provide in-home

Mary E. Evans; Mary I. Armstrong; Anne D. Kuppinger

1996-01-01

174

Resource Management for Distributed Parallel Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Multiprocessor systems should exist in the the larger context of distributed systems, allowing multiprocessor resources to be shared by those that need them. Unfortunately, typical multiprocessor resource management techniques do not scale to large networks. The Prospero Resource Manager (PRM) is a scalable resource allocation system that supports the allocation of processing resources in large networks and multiprocessor systems. To manage resources in such distributed parallel systems, PRM employs three types of managers: system managers, job managers, and node managers. There exist multiple independent instances of each type of manager, reducing bottlenecks. The complexity of each manager is further reduced because each is designed to utilize information at an appropriate level of abstraction.

Neuman, B. Clifford; Rao, Santosh

1993-01-01

175

Mass storage system reference model system management  

SciTech Connect

System Management is the collection of functions that are primarily concerned with the control, performance and utilization of the Mass Storage System defined by the Mass Storage System Reference Model. These functions are often very site-dependent, involve human decision making, and span multiple ''severs'' of the Mass Storage System. The functions may be implemented as standalone programs, may be integrated with the other Mass Storage System software, or may just be policy. 4 refs.

Collins, B.; McLarty, T.

1988-01-01

176

Demil planning and management system  

SciTech Connect

The National Maintenance Point (NMP) Branch of the US Army Industrial Operations Command (IOC) serves as the Single Manager for Conventional Ammunition (SMCA) agent for managing the renovation, modification, recycling, and disposal of conventional ammunition, thereby improving readiness. The mission of the NMP includes program management for demilitarization (demil) activities, ammunition maintenance, and ammunition peculiar equipment (APE) projects. Through an Interagency Agreement between the US Army and the US Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) is developing an integrated data management system, called the Demil Planning and Management System (DPMS), for IOC. DPMS is intended to help NMP efficiently manage information on ongoing demil project activities and asset inventories, plan future projects, and allocate budgets. This system, when fully implemented, will also make it possible for the user community to interactively access the DPMS database; perform data entry and queries; and run reports through network, modem, and Internet access to the system. This paper describes the principal components of the DPMS, current capabilities, and planned enhancements.

Huber, C.C.; Bormet, S.M.; Whitfield, R.G.; Bowen, M.; Chun, K.C. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Golden, R.E. [Army Pacific, Fort Shafter, HI (United States); Fuller, R. [Army Industrial Operations Command, Rock Island, IL (United States). National Maintenance Point Branch

1997-08-01

177

Integration of quality and environmental management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses quality and environmental management systems integration. Concepts of a system and a “system of systems” are addressed, followed by a description of different management systems, and their interrelations and integration. Subsequently, strategies for integration of the quality system based on the ISO 9001 standard and the ISO 14001 environmental management system are presented. The harmonization of related audit sub-systems,

Stanislav Karapetrovic; Walter Willborn

1998-01-01

178

Intensity approximation of random fluctuation in complex systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Markov and non-Markov processes in complex systems are examined with the help of dynamical information Shannon entropy method. Here we consider the essential role of two mutually independent channels of entropy involving creation of correlation and annihilation of correlation. The developed method has been used to analyze the intensity fluctuation of the complex systems of various nature: in psychology (to analyze numerical and pattern short-time human memory, to study the effect of stress on the parameters of the dynamical taping-test) and in cardiology (to analyze the random dynamics of RR-intervals in human ECG's and to diagnose various diseases of human cardiovascular systems). The received results show that the application of intensity approximation allows to improve essentially the diagnostics of parameters in the evolution of human dynamic states.

Yulmetyev, R. M.; Gafarov, F. M.; Yulmetyeva, D. G.; Emeljanova, N. A.

2002-01-01

179

Management Information and Library Management Systems: An Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of the facilities for management information in library management systems. Highlights include the relationship between transaction processing systems, management information systems, and decision support systems; a review of previous work; enquiries and standard reports relating to library operations; report generators; and…

Fisher, Shelagh; Rowley, Jennifer

1994-01-01

180

Performance management system  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A computerised method of managing the performance of an employee or a group of employees of an organisation, the method comprising the steps of: a) creating a job description containing job description data for an employee or group of employees, b) creating an objectives file containing objectives data relating to objectives to be achieved by the employee or group of employees in the performance of their job description, c) processing of the job description data and the objectives data to obtain defined performance expectation data for employee or group of employees, d) receiving performance data obtained from the organisation relating to the performance of employee or group of employees, e) comparing the performance data with the defined performance expectations data and f) creating and/or modifying a development plan for the employee or group of employees.

2013-10-08

181

Evaluation of New York State's Children and Youth Intensive Case Management Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evaluation plan for New York State's Children and Youth Intensive Case Management (CYICM) Program is described, which was introduced in July 1988. The CYICM Program is a statewide intervention focusing on keeping children with serious emotional disturbances in the least restrictive environment appropriate to their needs. It is a…

Dollard, Norin; And Others

182

Accurate mathematical models to describe the lactation curve of Lacaune dairy sheep under intensive management.  

PubMed

Although the intensive production system of Lacaune dairy sheep is the only profitable method for producers outside of the French Roquefort area, little is known about this type of systems. This study evaluated yield records of 3677 Lacaune sheep under intensive management between 2005 and 2010 in order to describe the lactation curve of this breed and to investigate the suitability of different mathematical functions for modeling this curve. A total of 7873 complete lactations during a 40-week lactation period corresponding to 201 281 pieces of weekly yield data were used. First, five mathematical functions were evaluated on the basis of the residual mean square, determination coefficient, Durbin Watson and Runs Test values. The two better models were found to be Pollott Additive and fractional polynomial (FP). In the second part of the study, the milk yield, peak of milk yield, day of peak and persistency of the lactations were calculated with Pollot Additive and FP models and compared with the real data. The results indicate that both models gave an extremely accurate fit to Lacaune lactation curves in order to predict milk yields (P = 0.871), with the FP model being the best choice to provide a good fit to an extensive amount of real data and applicable on farm without specific statistical software. On the other hand, the interpretation of the parameters of the Pollott Additive function helps to understand the biology of the udder of the Lacaune sheep. The characteristics of the Lacaune lactation curve and milk yield are affected by lactation number and length. The lactation curves obtained in the present study allow the early identification of ewes with low milk yield potential, which will help to optimize farm profitability. PMID:23257242

Elvira, L; Hernandez, F; Cuesta, P; Cano, S; Gonzalez-Martin, J-V; Astiz, S

2013-06-01

183

Bench-to-bedside review: Leadership and conflict management in the intensive care unit  

PubMed Central

In the management of critical care units, leadership and conflict management are vital areas for the successful performance of the unit. In this article a practical approach to define competencies for leadership and principles and practices of conflict management are offered. This article is, by lack of relevant intensive care unit (ICU) literature, not evidence based, but it is the result of personal experience and a study of literature on leadership as well on conflicts and negotiations in non-medical areas. From this, information was selected that was recognisable to the authors and, thus, also seems to be useful knowledge for medical doctors in the ICU environment.

Strack van Schijndel, Rob JM; Burchardi, Hilmar

2007-01-01

184

Redundancy management of inertial systems.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The paper reviews developments in failure detection and isolation techniques applicable to gimballed and strapdown systems. It examines basic redundancy management goals of improved reliability, performance and logistic costs, and explores mechanizations available for both input and output data handling. The meaning of redundant system reliability in terms of available coverage, system MTBF, and mission time is presented and the practical hardware performance limitations of failure detection and isolation techniques are explored. Simulation results are presented illustrating implementation coverages attainable considering IMU performance models and mission detection threshold requirements. The implications of a complete GN&C redundancy management method on inertial techniques are also explored.

Mckern, R. A.; Musoff, H.

1973-01-01

185

The power management reporting system  

SciTech Connect

There is no simple way to accomplish the placement of remote Energy Management System (EMS) consoles, considering the design of the current EMS. The proposed replacement EMS will provide remote console capability, however the new system is several years away. A cost effective means of providing the company with the needed data in the interim is via the corporate mainframe computer. The data is readily available anywhere there exists a mainframe terminal. PSI spent considerable time migrating both the EMS and the corporate mainframe to an environment capable of data transfer. All required technology is now in place to facilitate transfers of this nature. Management and various technical groups now use EMS data as a decision making and analysis tool. The project was a joint effort with Information Systems. Without their cooperation, the corporation could not benefit from the use of timely EMS information. This paper discusses the design and operation of what is known as the Power Management Reporting System (PMR).

Gunn, B.L. (PSI Energy, Inc., Plainfield, IN (US))

1992-01-01

186

Dynamic production system management  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

Data about operation of a well for extracting a product from the subterranean reservoir and at least one of a characteristic of a subterranean reservoir or operation of a processing and transport system upstream of a point of sale is received. A corrective action can be automatically initiated on at least one of the well or the processing and transport system in response to a difference between the received data and a specified operational objective. An adjustment to a model of the reservoir, the well, and the processing and transporting system can be automatically initiated in response to the received data.

2012-06-05

187

Earth systems engineering and management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of human activities on natural systems has grown to the point that we need to engage consciously in earth systems engineering and management. I address why this is the case, and what I mean by such a provocative term. In addition, I explore what we can learn from relevant experience, and how this daunting task should be approached.

Brad Allenby

2000-01-01

188

Airborne Battle Management System (ABMS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Navy under the Airborne Battle Management System (ABMS) program, sponsored by ONR Code 31 (Command, Control and Combat Systems) and executed by NAVAIR, is addressing the shifting focus of naval operations to power projection in a littoral environment, as expressed in “Forward from the Sea” and “Operational Maneuver from the Sea”. To effectively project naval power into the littoral

G. Mersten

2000-01-01

189

Safeguards Information Management Systems (SIMS)  

SciTech Connect

The requirements for the management of information at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and its Department of Safeguards are rapidly changing. Historically, the Department of Safeguards has had the requirement to process large volumes of conventional safeguards information. An information management system is currently in place that adequately handles the IAEA`s conventional safeguards data needs. In the post-Iraq environment, however, there is a growing need to expand the IAEA information management capability to include unconventional forms of information. These data include environmental sampling results, photographs, video film, lists of machine tools, and open-source materials such as unclassified publications. The US Department of Energy (DOE) has responded to this information management need by implementing the Safeguards Information Management Systems (SIMS) initiative. SIMS was created by the DOE to anticipate and respond to IAEA information management needs through a multilaboratory initiative that will utilize an integrated approach to develop and deploy technology in a timely and cost-effective manner. The DOE will use the SIMS initiative to coordinate US information management activities that support the IAEA Department of Safeguards.

Sorenson, R.J.; Sheely, K.B. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States); Brown, J.B. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Horton, R.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Strittmatter, R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Manatt, D.R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1994-04-01

190

Web Based Conference Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the framework used to design a web-based conference management system, in order to assist conference organizers in the management of participants, papers, reviewing process and the accounting of a conference. It allows the natural processing flow of a paper, from on-line submission to camera-ready document. Providing three different class of access, the PHP-MySQL application can offer various

Zeno O. Popovici; Eduard A. Stoica

191

Operating system support for database management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several operating system services are examined with a view toward their applicability to support of database management functions. These services include buffer pool management; the file system; scheduling, process management, and interprocess communication; and consistency control.

Michael Stonebraker

1981-01-01

192

Management issues for high performance storage systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Managing distributed high-performance storage systems is complex and, although sharing common ground with traditional network and systems management, presents unique storage-related issues. Integration technologies and frameworks exist to help manage dist...

S. Louis R. Burris

1995-01-01

193

A systems engineering management approach to resource management applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The author presents a program management response to the following question: How can the traditional practice of systems engineering management, including requirements specification, be adapted, enhanced, or modified to build future planning and scheduling systems for effective operations? The systems engineering management process, as traditionally practiced, is examined. Extensible resource management systems are discussed. It is concluded that extensible systems are a partial solution to problems presented by requirements that are incomplete, partially immeasurable, and often dynamic. There are positive indications that resource management systems have been characterized and modeled sufficiently to allow their implementation as extensible systems.

Hornstein, Rhoda Shaller

1989-01-01

194

Children's exposures to farm worksite hazards on management-intensive grazing operations.  

PubMed

Agricultural injuries continue to be an important source of childhood mortality and morbidity. There is an agreement within the injury prevention community that environmental modification is the most effective strategy for injury prevention. A growing trend among dairy farmers in the upper Midwest and Northeast regions of the United States is the adoption of management-intensive grazing (MIG) as a new technique for dairy management that actually encompasses environmental modification, decreasing the reliance on and use of tractors and machinery (major sources of fatal and nonfatal injuries to children). The purpose of this study was to explore how restructuring the work and the work environment through the use of MIG may affect children's exposure to farm worksite hazards. The study specifically focused on the most hazardous farm worksite exposures for children based on injury surveillance data (tractors, machinery, large animals, heights, and water sources). An online survey was sent to 68 Wisconsin agricultural extension agents knowledgeable about dairy operations in their counties to collect data regarding their perceptions of potential childhood farm safety hazards on MIG operations. A total of 31 surveys were returned using the online survey system, resulting in a 46% response rate. Survey results suggest that children on MIG operations do in fact have decreased exposure to farm machinery. However, there was a perceived increase in children's overall worksite exposure, in addition to specific increases in exposure to all-terrain vehicles and animals. Adoption of a MIG system clearly involves changes in exposures for children, and understanding the full impact of these changes will require further study of the effects of these exposure tradeoffs on the risks for injuries of varying nature and severity. PMID:19437277

Fisher, Regina M; Berg, Richard L; Marlenga, Barbara

2009-01-01

195

Towards ethical decision support and knowledge management in neonatal intensive care.  

PubMed

Recent studies in neonatal medicine, clinical nursing, and cognitive psychology have indicated the need to augment current decision-making practice in neonatal intensive care units with computerized, intelligent decision support systems. Rapid progress in artificial intelligence and knowledge management facilitates the design of collaborative ethical decision-support tools that allow clinicians to provide better support for parents facing inherently difficult choices, such as when to withdraw aggressive treatment. The appropriateness of using computers to support ethical decision-making is critically analyzed through research and literature review. In ethical dilemmas, multiple diverse participants need to communicate and function as a team to select the best treatment plan. In order to do this, physicians require reliable estimations of prognosis, while parents need a highly useable tool to help them assimilate complex medical issues and address their own value system. Our goal is to improve and structuralize the ethical decision-making that has become an inevitable part of modern neonatal care units. The paper contributes to clinical decision support by outlining the needs and basis for ethical decision support and justifying the proposed development efforts. PMID:17271019

Yang, L; Frize, M; Eng, P; Walker, R; Catley, C

2004-01-01

196

Airway management practices in adult intensive care units in Israel: a national survey.  

PubMed

Timely and adequate management of normal and compromised airway is a crucial task facing medical teams taking care of patients in intensive care units. We investigated the airway management practices in the Israeli intensive care units (ICUs). A postal survey was sent to the 20 main ICUs in Israel. We investigated which medical specialty (ICU, anesthesiology or ENT) is involved with airway management in the ICUs and summarized the availability of airway equipment and medication necessary for endotracheal intubation, the use of dedicated airway management algorithms, the approaches to specific airway scenarios and education in airway management. The response rate was 70 % (14 out of the 20 units). Intubation with normal airway is performed mainly by ICU doctors (86 %). A difficult airway is most frequently cared for by anesthesiologists (79 %), while impossible intubation/mask ventilation is mainly managed by anesthesiologists and ENT surgeons (50-79 %). Airways in C-spine injury are mainly managed by anesthesiologists (70 %). Surgical airway is mainly performed by ENT surgeons (79 %). The ASA difficult airway algorithm is used in 71 % of the units. Fiberoptic intubation is used significantly more often than other methods in two scenarios: 78 % of the difficult airways and 64 % of the C-spine injuries (p < 0.0001). Only 43 % of the units reported holding quality assurance meetings. 69 % of the units' heads are satisfied with their airway management policies. Equipment and medications necessary for airway management are available in most of the units. Difficult airways in ICUs are mainly managed by anesthesiologists and ENT surgeons. Few ICUs have quality assurance meetings. PMID:22614337

Haviv, Yael; Ezri, Tiberiu; Boaz, Mona; Ivry, Shimon; Gurkan, Yavuz; Izakson, Alexander

2012-12-01

197

The CMS Data Management System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The data management elements in CMS are scalable, modular, and designed to work together. The main components are PhEDEx, the data transfer and location system; the Data Booking Service (DBS), a metadata catalog; and the Data Aggregation Service (DAS), designed to aggregate views and provide them to users and services. Tens of thousands of samples have been cataloged and petabytes of data have been moved since the run began. The modular system has allowed the optimal use of appropriate underlying technologies. In this contribution we will discuss the use of both Oracle and NoSQL databases to implement the data management elements as well as the individual architectures chosen. We will discuss how the data management system functioned during the first run, and what improvements are planned in preparation for 2015.

Giffels, M.; Guo, Y.; Kuznetsov, V.; Magini, N.; Wildish, T.

2014-06-01

198

Integrated Airplane Health Management System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Air Space System-Wide Simulation (NAS Sim) program advances the development and implementation of a comprehensive, integrated health management system contributing to safety and modeling of the national aviation system. This program integrates different disciplines to develop an accurate and insightful method for real-time modeling of the local integrated airplane risk exposure and monitoring of operations of the global national air space.

Bardina, Jorge; McDermott, William J.; Follen, Gregory J.; Blaser, Tammy M.; Pavlik, William R.; Zhang, Desheng; Liu, Xian-You

2000-01-01

199

Performance of the Intense Pulsed Neutron Source Accelerator System  

SciTech Connect

The performance of the Intense Pulsed Neutron Source (IPNS) Accelerator System is reported, including an increase in average beam current to 13.4 microamperes and increased reliability to 93.2%. Brief discussions are given for the performance of the major accelerator subsystems, including the H/sup -/ ion source and preaccelerator, the 50 MeV linac, and the synchrotron and its subsystems. (LEW)

Brumwell, F.; Potts, C.; Rauchas, A.; Stipp, V.; Volk, G.

1986-09-22

200

Networked analytical sample management system  

SciTech Connect

Since 1982, the Savannah River Laboratory (SRL) has operated a computer-controlled analytical sample management system. The system, pogrammed in COBOL, runs on the site IBM 3081 mainframe computer. The system provides for the following subtasks: sample logging, analytical method assignment, worklist generation, cost accounting, and results reporting. Within these subtasks the system functions in a time-sharing mode. Communications between subtasks are done overnight in a batch mode. The system currently supports management of up to 3000 samples a month. Each sample requires, on average, three independent methods. Approximately 100 different analytical techniques are available for customized input of data. The laboratory has implemented extensive computer networking using Ethernet. Electronic mail, RS/1, and online literature searches are in place. Based on our experience with the existing sample management system, we have begun a project to develop a second generation system. The new system will utilize the panel designs developed for the present LIMS, incorporate more realtime features, and take advantage of the many commercial LIMS systems.

Kerrigan, W.J.; Spencer, W.A.

1986-01-01

201

Policy Driven Management for Distributed Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Separating management policy from the automated managers which interpret the policy facilitates the dynamic change of behaviour of a distributed management system. This permits it to adapt to evolutionary changes in the system being managed and to new application requirements. Changing the behaviour of automated managers can be achieved by changing the policy without have to reimplement them - this

Morris Sloman

1994-01-01

202

Superposed Epoch Analysis of Current Systems During Intense Magnetic Storms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A statistical approach to investigating the intensity and timing of storm-time current systems is conducted and presented. The Hot Electron and Ion Drift Integrator (HEIDI) model was used to simulate all of the intense storms (Dstmin < -100 nT) from solar cycle 23 (1996-2005). Five different HEIDI input combinations were used to create a large collection of numerical results, varying the plasma outer boundary condition and electric field description in the model. The simulation results are then combined with a normalized superposed epoch analysis, where each phase of each storm is prorated to the average duration of that phase and then all of the storms are averaged together. The azimuthal currents in the HEIDI simulation domain are classified as westward and eastward symmetric ring current, partial ring current, banana current, and tail current. The average behavior of these current systems with respect to the HEIDI plasma and electric field boundary conditions are then presented and discussed. It is found that the Volland-Stern electric field produces an earlier increase in the inner magnetospheric current systems because of the usage of the 3-h Kp index. A self-consistent electric field develops the current systems a few hours later, but produces much stronger asymmetric current systems (partial, banana, and tail currents), especially in the main phase of the storm. Applying a nonuniform local time distribution for the plasma outer boundary condition slightly increases the magnitudes of the current systems, but this effect is smaller than the electric field influence.

Liemohn, M. W.; Katus, R. M.

2013-05-01

203

Integrated Systems Health Management for Intelligent Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The implementation of an integrated system health management (ISHM) capability is fundamentally linked to the management of data, information, and knowledge (DIaK) with the purposeful objective of determining the health of a system. It is akin to having a team of experts who are all individually and collectively observing and analyzing a complex system, and communicating effectively with each other in order to arrive at an accurate and reliable assessment of its health. In this paper, concepts, procedures, and approaches are presented as a foundation for implementing an intelligent systems ]relevant ISHM capability. The capability stresses integration of DIaK from all elements of a system. Both ground-based (remote) and on-board ISHM capabilities are compared and contrasted. The information presented is the result of many years of research, development, and maturation of technologies, and of prototype implementations in operational systems.

Figueroa, Fernando; Melcher, Kevin

2011-01-01

204

Configuration Management File Manager Developed for Numerical Propulsion System Simulation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

One of the objectives of the High Performance Computing and Communication Project's (HPCCP) Numerical Propulsion System Simulation (NPSS) is to provide a common and consistent way to manage applications, data, and engine simulations. The NPSS Configuration Management (CM) File Manager integrated with the Common Desktop Environment (CDE) window management system provides a common look and feel for the configuration management of data, applications, and engine simulations for U.S. engine companies. In addition, CM File Manager provides tools to manage a simulation. Features include managing input files, output files, textual notes, and any other material normally associated with simulation. The CM File Manager includes a generic configuration management Application Program Interface (API) that can be adapted for the configuration management repositories of any U.S. engine company.

Follen, Gregory J.

1997-01-01

205

Management issues in systems engineering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When applied to a system, the doctrine of successive refinement is a divide-and-conquer strategy. Complex systems are sucessively divided into pieces that are less complex, until they are simple enough to be conquered. This decomposition results in several structures for describing the product system and the producing system. These structures play important roles in systems engineering and project management. Many of the remaining sections in this chapter are devoted to describing some of these key structures. Structures that describe the product system include, but are not limited to, the requirements tree, system architecture and certain symbolic information such as system drawings, schematics, and data bases. The structures that describe the producing system include the project's work breakdown, schedules, cost accounts and organization.

Shishko, Robert; Chamberlain, Robert G.; Aster, Robert; Bilardo, Vincent; Forsberg, Kevin; Mooz, Hal; Polaski, Lou; Wade, Ron

206

Atomizer for thermal management system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An atomizer for thermal management system for efficiently thermally managing one or more heat producing devices. The atomizer for thermal management system includes a housing having a coolant passage and a dispensing end, an orifice within the dispensing end, and an actuator manipulating a plunger within the housing. The plunger includes a head that is sealable within a recessed portion of the orifice to open or close the orifice. The coolant passes through the coolant passage into the orifice for spraying upon a heat producing device. The actuator may reciprocate so that the coolant spray emitted through the orifice is pulsating. The pulsing frequency may be increased to increase cooling or decreased to decrease cooling of the heat producing device.

Tilton, Charles L. (Inventor); Weiler, Jeff (Inventor); Palmer, Randal T. (Inventor); Appel, Philip W. (Inventor); Knight, Paul A. (Inventor)

2008-01-01

207

Project management plan for Contract Management Information System (CONTRACT)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The office of the Vice President of A\\/E Construction for ICF Kaiser has requested that OSHA compliance statistics be made available to management for companies subcontracting to the ICF Kaiser Company. In addition, a need to better manage contract administrative data for the Contracts Administration and the Construction Management Projects organizations has been identified. The Contract Management Information System is

Severud

1995-01-01

208

Transport system management in San Francisco: an assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reports the results of a transportation corridor study. The emphasis in the study is in transportation system management (TSM) policies although some capital intensive alternatives are also considered.The results suggest that currently popular TSM policies in U.S.A., even when augmented with capital intensive changes, have only marginal impacts on modal choices. These currently popular policies, high occupancy vehicle

Antti Talvitie

1980-01-01

209

Recent performance of the Intense Pulsed Neutron Source accelerator system  

SciTech Connect

The Intense Pulsed Neutron Source (IPNS) accelerator system has now been in operation as part of a national user program for over five years. During that period steady progress has been made in both beam intensity and reliability. Almost 1.8 billion pulses totaling 4 x 10/sup 21/ protons have now been delivered to the spallation neutron target. Recent weekly average currents have reached 15 ..mu..A (3.2 x 10/sup 12/ protons per pulse, 30 pulses per second) and short-term peaks of almost 17 ..mu..A have been reached. In fact, the average current for the last two years is up 31% over the average for the first three years of operation.

Potts, C.; Brumwell, F.; Rauchas, A.; Stipp, V.; Volk, G.; Donley, L.

1987-03-01

210

Hierarchical storage management system evaluation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Numerical Aerodynamic Simulation (NAS) Program at NASA Ames Research Center has been developing a hierarchical storage management system, NAStore, for some 6 years. This evaluation compares functionality, performance, reliability, and other factors of NAStore and three commercial alternatives. FileServ is found to be slightly better overall than NAStore and DMF. UniTree is found to be severely lacking in comparison.

Woodrow, Thomas S.

1993-01-01

211

Towards active learning management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes new trends in learning and ways to support them using information technology. It makes a distinction between active and passive learning management systems (LMS). It defines passive LMS as those whose learning plans are clearly defined by instructors, and where students follow these learning plans precisely. Active LMS on the other hand can adapt to learner defined

Igor T. Hawryszkiewycz

212

The Food Safety Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comprehensive food safety strategy involves establishing risk management goals, food safety objectives and, for production systems, performance objectives and performance criteria. The working instructions for each step of the process should be validated for their effect before integration within a specific HACCP plan. The importance of realistic inactivation models to predict the hygienic equivalence of food processing operations is

M. L. Stecchini; M. Del Torre

2005-01-01

213

Memory intensive functional architecture for distributed computer control systems  

SciTech Connect

A memory-intensive functional architectue for distributed data-acquisition, monitoring, and control systems with large numbers of nodes has been conceptually developed and applied in several large-scale and some smaller systems. This discussion concentrates on: (1) the basic architecture; (2) recent expansions of the architecture which now become feasible in view of the rapidly developing component technologies in microprocessors and functional large-scale integration circuits; and (3) implementation of some key hardware and software structures and one system implementation which is a system for performing control and data acquisition of a neutron spectrometer at the Brookhaven High Flux Beam Reactor. The spectrometer is equipped with a large-area position-sensitive neutron detector.

Dimmler, D.G.

1983-10-01

214

High Intensity Focused Ultrasound Tumor Therapy System and Its Application  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the end of last century, a High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) tumor therapy system was successfully developed and manufactured in China, which has been already applied to clinical therapy. This article aims to discuss the HIFU therapy system and its application. Detailed research includes the following: power amplifiers for high-power ultrasound, ultrasound transducers with large apertures, accurate 3-D mechanical drives, a software control system (both high-voltage control and low-voltage control), and the B-mode ultrasonic diagnostic equipment used for treatment monitoring. Research on the dosage of ultrasound required for tumour therapy in multiple human cases has made it possible to relate a dosage formula, presented in this paper, to other significant parameters such as the volume of thermal tumor solidification, the acoustic intensity (I), and the ultrasound emission time (tn). Moreover, the HIFU therapy system can be applied to the clinical treatment of both benign and malignant tumors in the pelvic and abdominal cavity, such as uterine fibroids, liver cancer and pancreatic carcinoma.

Sun, Fucheng; He, Ye; Li, Rui

2007-05-01

215

A relative-intensity two-color phosphor thermography system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA LaRC has developed a relative-intensity two-color phosphor thermography system. This system has become a standard technique for acquiring aerothermodynamic data in LaRC Hypersonic Facilities Complex (HFC). The relative intensity theory and its application to the LaRC phosphor thermography system is discussed along with the investment casting technique which is critical to the utilization of the phosphor method for aerothermodynamic studies. Various approaches to obtaining quantitative heat transfer data using thermographic phosphors are addressed and comparisons between thin-film data and thermographic phosphor data on an orbiter-like configuration are presented. In general, data from these two techniques are in good agreement. A discussion is given on the application of phosphors to integration heat transfer data reduction techniques (the thin film method) and preliminary heat transfer data obtained on a calibration sphere using thin-film equations are presented. Finally, plans for a new phosphor system which uses target recognition software are discussed.

Merski, N. Ronald

1991-01-01

216

12 years of intensive management increases soil carbon stocks in Loblolly pine and Sweetgum stands  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To achieve and maintain productivity goals, forest managers rely on intensive management strategies. These strategies have resulted in considerable gains in forest productivity. However, the impacts of these strategies on belowground carbon dynamics is less clear. Carbon dynamics are influenced by a multitude of factors including soil moisture, nutrient status, net primary productivity and carbon allocation patterns. In this study, we describe the impact of four management strategies on soil carbon and nitrogen stocks in 12-year-old loblolly pine and sweetgum plantations. The management strategies are: (1) complete understory control, (2) complete understory control + drip irrigation, (3) complete understory control + drip irrigation and fertilization and (4) complete understory control + drip irrigation and fertilization and pest control. These management strategies were replicated on 3 blocks in a randomized complete block design. After 12 years, soil carbon stocks increased with increasing management intensity for both tree species. This effect was consistent throughout the depth increments measured (0-10, 10-20, 20-30 cm). Alternatively, no significant effect was detected for soil nitrogen at any depth increment. Sweetgum had higher soil carbon and nitrogen stocks at each depth increment than loblolly pine. There was a greater difference in nitrogen stocks than carbon stocks between the two species resulting in lower soil C:N ratios in the sweetgum stands. These observations may be due to differences in net primary productivity, rooting structure and carbon allocation patterns of sweetgum compared with loblolly pine. To determine the relative stability of the carbon and nitrogen stocks for the different treatments and tree species, we sequentially fractionated the soil samples into six fractions of differing stability. Although soil carbon stocks for both species increased with management intensity, there was no detectable difference in the soil carbon fractions based on management intensity. Additionally, there was no difference between soil carbon fractions based on tree species. These observations suggest that although external inputs (i.e., moisture, carbon and nutrients) increase soil carbon stocks, they do not alter soil carbon stabilization mechanisms at these sites.

Sanchez, F. G.; Samuelson, L.; Johnsen, K.

2009-12-01

217

The Cheetah data management system  

SciTech Connect

Cheetah is a data management system based on the C programming language, with support for other languages. Its main goal is to transfer data between memory and I/O steams in a general way. The streams are either associated with disk files or are network data stems. Cheetah provides optional convenience functions to assist in the management of C structures. Cheetah steams are self-describing so that general purpose applications can fully understand an incoming steam. This information can be used to display the data in an incoming steam to the user of an interactive general application, complete with variable names and optional comments.

Kunz, P.F. (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Menlo Park, CA (United States)); Word, G.B. (Rutgers--the State Univ., Piscataway, NJ (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy)

1992-09-01

218

Assessing Change in Soil-Site Productivity of Intensively Managed Loblolly Pine Plantations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intensively managed forests are among the most important sources of wood fiber and timber in the southern United States. There is a great deal of concern that wet-weather harvesting disturbances might diminish long-term soil-site productivity. Determining the true effect of harvesting disturbance and silvicultural treatments on long-term productivity of pine plantations is difficult because growth and yield are affected by

M. H. Eisenbies; J. A. Burger; W. M. Aust; S. C. Patterson; T. R. Fox

2006-01-01

219

A hybrid model for intensively managed Douglas-fir plantations in the Pacific Northwest, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent advances in traditional forest growth models have been achieved by linking growth predictions to key ecophysiological\\u000a processes in a hybrid approach that combines the strengths of both empirical and process-based models. A hybrid model was\\u000a constructed for intensively managed Douglas-fir plantations in the Pacific Northwest, USA, by embedding components representing\\u000a fundamental physiological processes and detailed tree allometrics into an

Aaron R. Weiskittel; Douglas A. Maguire; Robert A. Monserud; Gregory P. Johnson

2010-01-01

220

Patterns of Success in Systems Engineering: Acquisition of IT-Intensive Government Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of this effort was to discover patterns of success in the systems engineering of information technology (IT)-intensive systems in a government acquisition environment using the method of positive deviance. Thirty government programs were ide...

J. G. Rebovich J. K. DeRosa

2011-01-01

221

MIMS - MEDICAL INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

MIMS, Medical Information Management System is an interactive, general purpose information storage and retrieval system. It was first designed to be used in medical data management, and can be used to handle all aspects of data related to patient care. Other areas of application for MIMS include: managing occupational safety data in the public and private sectors; handling judicial information where speed and accuracy are high priorities; systemizing purchasing and procurement systems; and analyzing organizational cost structures. Because of its free format design, MIMS can offer immediate assistance where manipulation of large data bases is required. File structures, data categories, field lengths and formats, including alphabetic and/or numeric, are all user defined. The user can quickly and efficiently extract, display, and analyze the data. Three means of extracting data are provided: certain short items of information, such as social security numbers, can be used to uniquely identify each record for quick access; records can be selected which match conditions defined by the user; and specific categories of data can be selected. Data may be displayed and analyzed in several ways which include: generating tabular information assembled from comparison of all the records on the system; generating statistical information on numeric data such as means, standard deviations and standard errors; and displaying formatted listings of output data. The MIMS program is written in Microsoft FORTRAN-77. It was designed to operate on IBM Personal Computers and compatibles running under PC or MS DOS 2.00 or higher. MIMS was developed in 1987.

Frankowski, J. W.

1994-01-01

222

Challenges encountered by critical care unit managers in the large intensive care units.  

PubMed

Background: Nurses in intensive care units (ICUs) are exposed regularly to huge demands interms of fulfilling the many roles that are placed upon them. Unit managers, in particular, are responsible for the efficient management of the units and have the responsibilities of planning, organising, leading and controlling the daily activities in order to facilitate the achievement of the unit objectives.Objectives: The objective of this study was to explore and present the challenges encountered by ICU managers in the management of large ICUs.Method: A qualitative, exploratory and descriptive study was conducted at five hospital ICUs in Gauteng province, South Africa. Data were collected through individual interviews from purposively-selected critical care unit managers, then analysed using the matic coding.Results: Five themes emerged from the data: challenges related to the layout and structure of the unit, human resources provision and staffing, provision of material resources, stressors in the unit and visitors in the ICU.Conclusion: Unit managers in large ICUs face multifaceted challenges which include the demand for efficient and sufficient specialised nurses; lack of or inadequate equipment that goes along with technology in ICU and supplies; and stressors in the ICU that limit the efficiency to plan, organise, lead and control the daily activities in the unit. The challenges identified call for multiple strategies to assist in the efficient management of large ICUs. PMID:24832540

Matlakala, Mokgadi C; Bezuidenhout, Martie C; Botha, Annali D H

2014-01-01

223

Integrated Systems Health Management for Intelligent Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The implementation of an integrated system health management (ISHM) capability is fundamentally linked to the management of data, information, and knowledge (DIaK) with the purposeful objective of determining the health of a system. Management implies storage, distribution, sharing, maintenance, processing, reasoning, and presentation. ISHM is akin to having a team of experts who are all individually and collectively observing and analyzing a complex system, and communicating effectively with each other in order to arrive at an accurate and reliable assessment of its health. In this chapter, concepts, procedures, and approaches are presented as a foundation for implementing an ISHM capability relevant to intelligent systems. The capability stresses integration of DIaK from all elements of a system, emphasizing an advance toward an on-board, autonomous capability. Both ground-based and on-board ISHM capabilities are addressed. The information presented is the result of many years of research, development, and maturation of technologies, and of prototype implementations in operational systems.

Figueroa, Fernando; Melcher, Kevin

2011-01-01

224

Configuration management plan for the Automated Transportation Management System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document describes the Software Configuration Management (SCM) approach and procedures to be utilized in ensuring and controlling the development process of the Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS). The sponsor has identified ATMS and it...

S. K. Genoni

1994-01-01

225

Automated transportation management system (ATMS) software project management plan (SPMP).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS) Software Project Management plan (SPMP) is the lead planning document governing the life cycle of the ATMS and its integration into the Transportation Information Network (TIN). This SPMP defines the p...

R. S. Weidert

1996-01-01

226

Managing Medical System Development Through Documentation  

PubMed Central

Health Care administrators managing a computer system development project need tools to control the project. This paper describes the concept of management control, its purpose and techniques for exercising it. Preparation of system documentation provides a vehicle for management control which can guide the behavior of the contractor, the institution's managers and staff. Techniques for managing and reviewing documentation in a management control framework are presented.

Hanmer, Jean

1980-01-01

227

Saproxylic beetle assemblages related to silvicultural management intensity and stand structures in a beech forest in Southern Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compared to agricultural land and spruce plantations, central European beech-oak forests are often relatively close to natural\\u000a conditions. However, forest management may alter these conditions. In Steigerwald, southern Germany, a large beech-dominated\\u000a forest area, three management intensities were applied during the past 30–70 years. Here, we examined the influence of management\\u000a intensity on saproxylic beetles in >100-year old mature stands at

Jörg Müller; Heinz Bußler; Thomas Kneib

2008-01-01

228

Management intensity and vegetation complexity affect web-building spiders and their prey.  

PubMed

Agricultural management and vegetation complexity affect arthropod diversity and may alter trophic interactions between predators and their prey. Web-building spiders are abundant generalist predators and important natural enemies of pests. We analyzed how management intensity (tillage, cutting of the vegetation, grazing by cattle, and synthetic and organic inputs) and vegetation complexity (plant species richness, vegetation height, coverage, and density) affect rarefied richness and composition of web-building spiders and their prey with respect to prey availability and aphid predation in 12 habitats, ranging from an uncut fallow to a conventionally managed maize field. Spiders and prey from webs were collected manually and the potential prey were quantified using sticky traps. The species richness of web-building spiders and the order richness of prey increased with plant diversity and vegetation coverage. Prey order richness was lower at tilled compared to no-till sites. Hemipterans (primarily aphids) were overrepresented, while dipterans, hymenopterans, and thysanopterans were underrepresented in webs compared to sticky traps. The per spider capture efficiency for aphids was higher at tilled than at no-till sites and decreased with vegetation complexity. After accounting for local densities, 1.8 times more aphids were captured at uncut compared to cut sites. Our results emphasize the functional role of web-building spiders in aphid predation, but suggest negative effects of cutting or harvesting. We conclude that reduced management intensity and increased vegetation complexity help to conserve local invertebrate diversity, and that web-building spiders at sites under low management intensity (e.g., semi-natural habitats) contribute to aphid suppression at the landscape scale. PMID:23494286

Diehl, Eva; Mader, Viktoria L; Wolters, Volkmar; Birkhofer, Klaus

2013-10-01

229

Intelligent Sensor Systems for Integrated System Health Management in Exploration Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Future exploration missions will require significantly improved Integrated System Health Management (ISHM) capabilities throughout the mission. Vehicle systems that require intense human intervention or monitoring take valuable crew time from other critical functions and over- all are impediments to realization of NASA's Exploration Vision. Therefore, ISHM and the sen- sor systems that enable ISHM, are necessary throughout the vehicle to

G. W. Hunter; L. G. Oberle; G. Baakalini; J. Perotti; T. Hong

230

Hematodinium sp. in Irish Cancer pagurus fisheries: infection intensity as a potential fisheries management tool.  

PubMed

Infection of Cancer pagurus by a parasitic dinoflagellate of the genus Hematodinium is described for the first time in Ireland. An industry-based monitoring programme was established to determine seasonality of infection intensity and prevalence in the country's 3 largest brown crab fisheries in the southwest, north and southeast. The parasite was present in all areas for the majority of sampling periods, with highest prevalences recorded in pre-recruit animals of both sexes. Microscopic examination of haemolymph revealed trophont, plasmodial and dinospore stages of the parasite. Overall prevalence in males (16%) was higher than in females (9%). Prevalence of Hematodinium sp. infection ranged from 0 to 51%, but a distinct seasonal trend was not apparent. Infection intensity was seasonal with significantly higher peaks occurring in late autumn/early winter months than in other quarters, corresponding to industry reports of moribund and dead pink-shelled crabs in commercial catches. We postulate that seawater temperature or a temperature-linked process is a key factor in triggering the final stages of infection, as significant autumn peaks were followed by a reduction in infection intensity as temperature decreased in the late winter/early spring months with no increase in intensity again until the following autumn. We propose that infection intensity, rather than prevalence, provides a more appropriate indication of the period when there is greatest potential for biological and economic impacts; the parameter's application as a fisheries management tool is discussed. PMID:19301637

Chualáin, C Ní; Hayes, M; Allen, B; Robinson, M

2009-01-28

231

Magnetospheric MultiScale (MMS) System Manager  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Magnetospheric MultiScale (MMS) mission is an ambitious NASA space science mission in which 4 spacecraft are flown in tight formation about a highly elliptical orbit. Each spacecraft has multiple instruments that measure particle and field compositions in the Earths magnetosphere. By controlling the members relative motion, MMS can distinguish temporal and spatial fluctuations in a way that a single spacecraft cannot.To achieve this control, 2 sets of four maneuvers, distributed evenly across the spacecraft must be performed approximately every 14 days. Performing a single maneuver on an individual spacecraft is usually labor intensive and the complexity becomes clearly increases with four. As a result, the MMS flight dynamics team turned to the System Manager to put the routine or error-prone under machine control freeing the analysts for activities that require human judgment.The System Manager is an expert system that is capable of handling operations activities associated with performing MMS maneuvers. As an expert system, it can work off a known schedule, launching jobs based on a one-time occurrence or on a set reoccurring schedule. It is also able to detect situational changes and use event-driven programming to change schedules, adapt activities, or call for help.

Schiff, Conrad; Maher, Francis Alfred; Henely, Sean Philip; Rand, David

2014-01-01

232

A systematic review of intensive cardiopulmonary management after spinal cord injury.  

PubMed

Intensive cardiopulmonary management is frequently undertaken in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI), particularly due to the occurrence of neurogenic shock and ventilatory insufficiency and in an attempt to reduce secondary injury. We undertook a systematic review of the literature to examine the evidence that intensive care management improves outcome after SCI and to attempt to define key parameters for cardiopulmonary support/resuscitation. We review the literature in five areas: management of SCI patients in specialized centers, risk in SCI patients of cardiopulmonary complications, parameters for blood pressure and oxygenation/ventilation support following SCI, risk factors for cardiopulmonary insufficiency requiring ICU care after SCI, and preventative strategies to reduce the risks of cardiopulmonary complications in SCI patients. The literature supports that, in light of the significant incidence of cardiorespiratory complications, SCI patients should be managed in a monitored special care unit. There is weak evidence supporting the maintenance of MAP >85 mmHg for a period extending up to 1 week following SCI. PMID:20030558

Casha, Steven; Christie, Sean

2011-08-01

233

A Systematic Review of Intensive Cardiopulmonary Management after Spinal Cord Injury  

PubMed Central

Abstract Intensive cardiopulmonary management is frequently undertaken in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI), particularly due to the occurrence of neurogenic shock and ventilatory insufficiency and in an attempt to reduce secondary injury. We undertook a systematic review of the literature to examine the evidence that intensive care management improves outcome after SCI and to attempt to define key parameters for cardiopulmonary support/resuscitation. We review the literature in five areas: management of SCI patients in specialized centers, risk in SCI patients of cardiopulmonary complications, parameters for blood pressure and oxygenation/ventilation support following SCI, risk factors for cardiopulmonary insufficiency requiring ICU care after SCI, and preventative strategies to reduce the risks of cardiopulmonary complications in SCI patients. The literature supports that, in light of the significant incidence of cardiorespiratory complications, SCI patients should be managed in a monitored special care unit. There is weak evidence supporting the maintenance of MAP >85 mmHg for a period extending up to 1 week following SCI.

Christie, Sean

2011-01-01

234

Towards Fully Automated Test Management for Large Complex Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development of large and complex software intensive systems with continuous builds typically generates large volumes of information with complex patterns and relations. Systematic and automated approaches are needed for efficient handling of such large quantities of data in a comprehensible way. In this paper we present an approach and tool enabling autonomous behavior in an automated test management tool to

Sigrid Eldh; Joachim Brandt; Hans Hansson; Sasikumar Punnekkat

2010-01-01

235

Water Distribution Management in Small West African Canal Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The performance and progressive development of irrigation distribution and rotation methods were studied in two government-sponsored systems of Niger, West Africa. Systemwide water distribution was mon- itored intensively throughout several growing seasons and farmer surveys were conducted at both sites. Char- acteristics of farmer-managed rotation among tertiary canals and among parcels were examined in relation to farmer response to physical

W. Ray Norman; M. Todd Walter; Michael F. Walter; Erin S. Brooks

2000-01-01

236

Separating key management from file system security  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract No secure network file system has ever grown to span the Internet. Existing systems all lack adequate key management for security at a global scale. Given the diversity of the Internet, any particular mechanism a file system employs to manage,keys will fail to support many types of use. We propose separating key management,from file system security, letting the world

David Mazières; Michael Kaminsky; M. Frans Kaashoek; Emmett Witchel

2000-01-01

237

Separating key management from file system security  

Microsoft Academic Search

No secure network file system has ever grown to span the Internet. Existing systems all lack adequate key management for security at a global scale. Given the diversity of the Internet, any particular mechanism a file system employs to manage keys will fail to support many types of use.We propose separating key management from file system security, letting the world

David Mazières; Michael Kaminsky; M. Frans Kaashoek; Emmett Witchel

1999-01-01

238

Biomedical engineering equipment management system (BEEMS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This presentation will review practical tools and reports generated by our system (BEEMS) Biomedical Equipment Management System that serves unique purpose. Management systems must contain valuable information that can be used to improve management of and level of service performance. The relationship between database elements within this system and their contribution to the benefit of both the Biomedical Engineering Department

C. Molina; Y. David

2003-01-01

239

Hydrologic response of northern wetlands to silvicultural water management systems  

SciTech Connect

Two types of water management systems are used to ameliorate saturated soil conditions which limit silvicultural operations and site productivity in northern wetlands. The pattern ditch system is an intensive drainage network designed to regulate water table depth in peat soils. The prescription drainage system is a low-intensity drainage system that is used to develop apparent drainage patterns in mineral and histic-mineral soils. These water management systems may either increase or decrease peak flow, base flow, and the duration of peak flow events, depending on drainage system design, climate, season, site characteristics, and land use. The most common hydrologic response to drainage is an increase in peak flow and base flow, and an increase in annual runoff. The effect of wetland drainage on watershed hydrology depends on the proportion of the watershed drained. Drainage may also affect water quality, nutrient cycling, vegetation composition and structure.

Trettin, C.C.

1994-09-01

240

Integrated soil-crop system management for food security  

PubMed Central

China and other rapidly developing economies face the dual challenge of substantially increasing yields of cereal grains while at the same time reducing the very substantial environmental impacts of intensive agriculture. We used a model-driven integrated soil–crop system management approach to develop a maize production system that achieved mean maize yields of 13.0 t ha?1 on 66 on-farm experimental plots—nearly twice the yield of current farmers’ practices—with no increase in N fertilizer use. Such integrated soil–crop system management systems represent a priority for agricultural research and implementation, especially in rapidly growing economies.

Chen, Xin-Ping; Cui, Zhen-Ling; Vitousek, Peter M.; Cassman, Kenneth G.; Matson, Pamela A.; Bai, Jin-Shun; Meng, Qing-Feng; Hou, Peng; Yue, Shan-Chao; Romheld, Volker; Zhang, Fu-Suo

2011-01-01

241

Data management system advanced architectures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The topics relating to the Space Station Freedom (SSF) are presented in view graph form and include: (1) the data management system (DMS) concept; (2) DMS evolution rationale; (3) the DMS advance architecture task; (4) DMS group support for Ames payloads; (5) DMS testbed development; (6) the DMS architecture task status; (7) real time multiprocessor testbed; (8) networked processor performance; (9) and the DMS advance architecture task 1992 goals.

Chevers, ED

1991-01-01

242

ISO 9000 Quality Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The ISO 9000 series describes a quality management system applicable to any organization. In this chapter we present the requirements\\u000a of the standard in a way that is as close as possible to the needs of analytical laboratories. The sequence of the requirements\\u000a follows that in the ISO 9001:2008 standard. In addition, the guidelines for performance improvement set out in

Evsevios Hadjicostas

2010-01-01

243

The Janus system manager's guide  

SciTech Connect

This guide describes the steps necessary to fully install and maintain the Janus combat simulation on a Digital Equipment Corp. (DEC) VAX computer. It is designed to familiarize System Managers with the operational concepts associated with the Janus package. This guide will not describe how to run the model itself. For information regarding the Janus simulation, or its associated utilities, please refer to the Janus documentation set.

Pimper, J.E.; Calloway, D.R.; Elko, S.D.; Rhodes, J.J.; Uzelac, M.J.; Wilson, J.

1989-09-01

244

ISO 9000 Quality Management System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ISO 9000 series describes a quality management system applicable to any organization. In this chapter we present the requirements of the standard in a way that is as close as possible to the needs of analytical laboratories. The sequence of the requirements follows that in the ISO 9001:2008 standard. In addition, the guidelines for performance improvement set out in the ISO 9004 are reviewed. Both standards should be used as a reference as well as the basis for further elaboration.

Hadjicostas, Evsevios

245

Rectourethral fistula secondary to a bowel management system.  

PubMed

A 67-year-old Caucasian male was admitted under the vascular team with critical lower limb ischaemia. Bypass surgery was performed and he was admitted to the intensive care unit post-operatively. The patient experienced a turbulent post-operative recovery complicated by pneumonia, poor respiratory wean and faecal incontinence. A bowel management system was inserted but after 18 days it was reported faecal matter was bypassing his catheter. A CT scan demonstrated an area of necrosis where the bowel management system had been sited which formed a rectourethral fistula. Bowel management systems are frequently used in intensive care unit settings where a high proportion of patients suffer from faecal incontinence. If used correctly they can reduce skin contamination, infection and maintain patient hygiene. However, appropriate assessment and investigations should be addressed before inserting such devices. This case report highlights serious adverse effects of these devices and describes the first documented case of these devices causing a rectourethral fistula. PMID:24457039

A'Court, Jamie; Yiannoullou, Petros; Pearce, Lyndsay; Hill, James; Donnelly, David; Murray, David

2014-08-01

246

The performance of intensive care units: does good management make a difference?  

PubMed

A significant portion of health care resources are spent in intensive care units with, historically, up to two-fold variation in risk-adjusted mortality. Technological, demographic, and social forces are likely to lead to an increased volume of intensive care in the future. Thus, it is important to identify ways of more efficiently managing intensive care units and reducing the variation in patient outcomes. Based on data collected from 17,440 patients across 42 ICUs, the present study examines the factors associated with risk-adjusted mortality, risk-adjusted average length of stay, nurse turnover, evaluated technical quality of care, and evaluated ability to meet family member needs. Using the Apache III methodology for risk-adjustment, findings reveal that: 1) technological availability is significantly associated with lower risk-adjusted mortality (beta = -.42); 2) diagnostic diversity is significantly associated with greater risk-adjusted mortality (beta = .46); and 3) caregiver interaction comprising the culture, leadership, coordination, communication, and conflict management abilities of the unit is significantly associated with lower risk-adjusted length of stay (beta = .34), lower nurse turnover (beta = -.36), higher evaluated technical quality of care (beta = .81), and greater evaluated ability to meet family member needs (beta = .74). Furthermore, units with greater technological availability are significantly more likely to be associated with hospitals that are more profitable, involved in teaching activities, and have unit leaders actively participating in hospital-wide quality improvement activities. The findings hold a number of important managerial and policy implications regarding technological adoption, specialization, and the quality of interaction among ICU team members. They suggest intervention "leverage points" for care givers, managers, and external policy makers in efforts to continuously improve the outcomes of intensive care. PMID:8182978

Shortell, S M; Zimmerman, J E; Rousseau, D M; Gillies, R R; Wagner, D P; Draper, E A; Knaus, W A; Duffy, J

1994-05-01

247

Platform Management System (PMS) evolution  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In fiscal year 1988 a study was begun to define the platform management system (PMS) functions required for the mature platform operations era. The objectives of the task include: (1) defining how to increase the operational productivity of the platform by providing enhanced capability for responding to changing events, (2) influencing the initial PMS design by identifying required 'hooks and scars', and (3) evaluation potential automation techniques that are appropriate given predicted onboard computing resources. Initial platform operations scenarios were defined. The focus was on PMS-related functions where operations enhancements are likely to occur. Operations productivity was defined in terms of scientific productivity of the platform as well as the level of automation of the ground system. The Platform Operations Productivity Enhancement Report was completed earlier this year documenting system enhancements to increase science productivity and ground system automation. Using the baseline PMS defined in the PMS Definition Document as a starting point, the resulting PMS-specific enhancements were molded into a sequence of progressively more sophisticated operations management capabilities. This sequence of upgrades to the PMS has been documented in a PMS Evolution Plan. The plan includes enhancements in the areas of resources scheduling, resource modeling, system and payload anomaly management, and transaction sequence interpretation. A plan for migration of functions from the ground portion of the PMS to the flight portion is also included. The impacts of this plan on the platform are now being documented to ensure that the required 'hooks and scars' are included in the baseline system. Future plans include a prototype of some of the PMS enhancements to address the feasibility of and techniques for implementing these enhancements in the onboard computing environment.

Tilley, Mike; Hartley, Jonathan

1990-01-01

248

Collaborative Knowledge Management System (CKMS) and Strategic Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the trend of globalization, increased customer demand and advancement in technology development, firms are experiencing ever intense pressure to collaborate with their trading partners to compete with other supply chains. Firms are seeking to collaborate with their partners at greater extent in the areas such as knowledge management to exploit the potentials of an efficient and effective supply chain.

Xiaojun Wu; Yu Gu

2009-01-01

249

Network Management in an Emergency Communications System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis begins with a synopsis of contemporary knowledge concerning network management as it has been implemented in a modern communications network, and as it has been postulated by experts in the fields of systems engineering and systems management....

R. L. DeLorey

1986-01-01

250

Mobilization Data Base Management System (MOBDABS) Documentation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document presents the results of the Mobilization Data Base Management System (MOBDABS) study - a project which developed a data base management system enhancement for an existing model. The enhancement permits manpower analysts/planners to query maj...

A. Narva

1987-01-01

251

Service Quality Management Systems: An Annotated Bibliography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This bibliography is intended to provide a resource for those interested in gaining an introduction to the area of service quality management systems. Service quality management systems are concerned with optimizing the customer-supplier quality relations...

W. R. Young

1992-01-01

252

Human Resources Management Information System Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A general design for an automated management information system for the District of Columbia Department of Human Resources is presented, together with materials on data base management, cost-benefit considerations, and system development. The document des...

1976-01-01

253

Integrated Procurement Management System, Version II  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Integrated Procurement Management System, Version II (IPMS II) is online/ batch system for collecting developing, managing and disseminating procurementrelated data at NASA Johnson Space Center. Portions of IPMS II adaptable to other procurement situations.

Collier, L. J.

1985-01-01

254

Data management system DIU test system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An operational and functional description is given of the data management system. Descriptions are included for the test control unit, analog stimulus panel, discrete stimulus panel, and the precision source. The mechanical configuration is defined and illustrated to provide card and component location for modification or repair. The unit level interfaces are mirror images of the DIU interfaces and are described in the Final Technical Report for NASA-MSFC contract NAS8-29155.

1976-01-01

255

Configuration management plan for the Automated Transportation Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document describes the Software Configuration Management (SCM) approach and procedures to be utilized in ensuring and controlling the development process of the Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS). The sponsor has identified ATMS and its components as unclassified and non-sensitive. The configuration management procedures are necessary to ensure that any changes made to software and related documentation are consistent with

Genoni

1994-01-01

256

Flexible and Adaptable Buffer Management Techniques for Database Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of buffer management in database management systems is concerned with theefficient main memory allocation and management for answering database queries. Previous workson buffer allocation are based either exclusively on the availability of buffers at runtime or on theaccess patterns of queries. In this paper, we first propose a unified approach for buffer allocation inwhich both of these considerations

Christos Faloutsos; Raymond T. Ng; Timos K. Sellis

1995-01-01

257

Integrated Building Management System (IBMS)  

SciTech Connect

This project provides a combination of software and services that more easily and cost-effectively help to achieve optimized building performance and energy efficiency. Featuring an open-platform, cloud- hosted application suite and an intuitive user experience, this solution simplifies a traditionally very complex process by collecting data from disparate building systems and creating a single, integrated view of building and system performance. The Fault Detection and Diagnostics algorithms developed within the IBMS have been designed and tested as an integrated component of the control algorithms running the equipment being monitored. The algorithms identify the normal control behaviors of the equipment without interfering with the equipment control sequences. The algorithms also work without interfering with any cooperative control sequences operating between different pieces of equipment or building systems. In this manner the FDD algorithms create an integrated building management system.

Anita Lewis

2012-07-01

258

System safety management lessons learned  

SciTech Connect

The Assistant Secretary of the Army for Research, Development and Acquisition directed the Army Safety Center to provide an audit of the causes of accidents and safety of use restrictions on recently fielded systems by tracking residual hazards back through the acquisition process. The objective was to develop ''lessons learned'' that could be applied to the acquisition process to minimize mishaps in fielded systems. System safety management lessons learned are defined as Army practices or policies, derived from past successes and failures, that are expected to be effective in eliminating or reducing specific systemic causes of residual hazards. They are broadly applicable and supportive of the Army structure and acquisition objectives. 29 refs., 7 figs.

Piatt, J.A.

1989-05-01

259

[Score systems, their importance for the intensive care patient].  

PubMed

Scoring systems are a technique for defining patients for scientific and management purposes. A hypothetical, severely ill patient with cirrhosis, peritonitis, renal insufficiency and coagulation problems can be precisely classified: Child C, Mannheim-Peritonitis-Index 34 and APACHE II score 27 which results in a mortality of at least 70% of patients. At our own hospital, the continuous APACHE score (CAPS) has been developed and tested. The CAPS performed better than daily APACHE scores and provided useful trend information for the individual patient. PMID:2577644

Eypasch, E; Spangenberger, W; Bouillon, B; Moser, K H; Vestweber, K H; Troidl, H

1989-01-01

260

Combat Agility Management System (CAMS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The proper management of energy becomes a complex task in fighter aircraft which have high angle of attack (AOA) capability. Maneuvers at high AOA are accompanied by high bleed rates (velocity decrease), a characteristic that is usually undesirable in a typical combat arena. Eidetics has developed under NASA SBIR Phase 1 and NAVAIR SBIR Phase 2 contracts a system which allows a pilot to more easily and effectively manage the trade-off of energy (airspeed or altitude) for turn rate while not imposing hard limits on the high AOA nose pointing capability that can be so important in certain air combat maneuver situations. This has been accomplished by incorporating a two-stage angle of attack limiter into the flight control laws. The first stage sets a limit on AOA to achieve a limit on the maximum bleed rate (selectable) by limiting AOA to values which are dependent on the aircraft attitude and dynamic pressure (or flight path, velocity, and altitude). The second stage sets an AOA limit near the AOA for C(sub l max). One of the principal benefits of such a system is that it enables a low-experience pilot to become much more proficient at managing his energy. The Phase 2 simulation work is complete, and an exploratory flight test on the F-18 HARV is planned for the Fall of 1994 to demonstrate/validate the concept.

Skow, Andrew; Porada, William

1994-01-01

261

Echocardiography and management of sick neonates in the intensive care unit.  

PubMed

To evaluate the influence of echocardiographic examination in the clinical management of the sick neonate, 241 patients, admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary referral center that had echocardiograms with data available for review, were enrolled in a retrospective study. Asymptomatic murmurs (45%) followed by extracardiac anomalies/dysmorphic features (24%) were the most common clinical indications for requesting an echocardiogram. Congenital structural abnormalities (33%), hemodynamically significant patent arterial duct (3%), persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (6%), and left ventricular dysfunction (3%) were the echocardiographic findings that subgrouped as structural or functional abnormalities. Patent oval foramen and hemodynamically nonsignificant patent arterial duct (20%) and physiologic pulmonary artery stenosis (1%) were categorized as normal structural group. Thirty-four percent of neonates had normal heart anatomy. This investigation changed the clinical management in at least 66% of newborns scanned, including emergency surgical intervention for 7%, medical treatment for 22%, and routine cardiologic follow-up for 37% of patients. Asymptomatic murmur in our critically ill neonates has been associated with a higher incidence of cardiac disease. Hence, echocardiography is an important tool for diagnosis of cardiac abnormalities that can influence the management and outcome of the sick newborn in the intensive care unit. A preliminary echocardiogram performed by the neonatologist under the supervision of a pediatric cardiologist for interpretation and review is an alternate when there is not a cardiologist "in house." PMID:18837810

Kadivar, Maliheh; Kiani, Abolrazagh; Kocharian, Armen; Shabanian, Reza; Nasehi, Leila; Ghajarzadeh, Mahsa

2008-01-01

262

Seasonal nitrous oxide flux from an intensively managed pasture in a humid subtropical ecosystem  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Nitrous oxide (N2O) flux from vented chambers was measured over intensively and minimally managed bermuda grass hay meadows in a humid, subtropical ecosystem for several years during scheduled sampling protocol following harvest, fertilization and rainfall events while measuring diel N2O emissions once during each of 5 seasonal day growth cycles which divided each calendar year. Soil pools of nitrite NO2(-), nitrate NO3(-), and ammonia (NH3) were measured in soil samples taken at 2 and 10 cm depths during each emission collection to determine transformations of the nitrogen pools coupled with N2O emissions. The highest diel N2O emission occur midday in the Spring cycle, measuring 9.0 g N/ha/d only for several weeks, while emissions dropped to less than 1.0 g N/ha/day during hot, dry, and colder months. Intensively managed meadows (4 fertilizations and harvests per year plus pest management) induced higher seasonal N2O emissions than minimal treatment (1 fertilization and harvest) averaging 2.75 and 5.97 g N/ha/day. Nitrous oxide emission data as responses to soil parameters and environmental parameters were also measured where air temperature, soil moisture, and fertilization were the most powerful factors.

Brams, Eugene A.; Anthony, W. H.; Hutchinson, G. L.; Livingston, G. P.

1989-01-01

263

Infection intensity of gastrointestinal nematodosis and coccidiosis of sheep raised under three types of feeding and management regims in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

By using faecal egg counting, larvae culturing, coccidian oocysts identifying, the present study was conducted to determine infection intensity of nematodosis and coccidosis of young sheep (6–12 months) raised under three types of feeding and management regims namely, confinement system (2 farms, n=30), semiconfinement system (2 farms, n=30) and grazing system (2 farms, n=30) in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR)

K. Z. Cai; J. L. Bai

2009-01-01

264

Layer Framework of Tax Management Information System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, firstly we introduces the subsystems of the tax management information system. Then we establish the layer framework of tax management information system, including page framework, application framework and data framework. The tax management information system can improve the taxation service, reduce the taxation cost, and provide reliable reference for macro-economic decisions.

Bo Yan; Yiyun Chen; Guangwen Huang

2009-01-01

265

Microcomputer Database Management Systems for Bibliographic Data.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses criteria for evaluating microcomputer database management systems (DBMS) used for storage and retrieval of bibliographic data. Two popular types of microcomputer DBMS--file management systems and relational database management systems--are evaluated with respect to these criteria. (Author/MBR)

Pollard, Richard

1986-01-01

266

Fungal infections in intensive care unit: challenges in diagnosis and management.  

PubMed

Infections have almost become an inseparable part of the intensive care units throughout the globe in spite of numerous advancements in diagnostic and therapeutic interventions. With advances in critical care medicine and introduction of broad-spectrum antibiotics, the incidence of invasive fungal infections in intensive care is on the rise, especially in patients with immunosuppression. The aim of this review is to collect recent information about various types of invasive fungal infections prevalent in the intensive care unit, the problems in their diagnosis and recent trends in their management. A thorough literature search was made in PubMed and Google using the following keywords for our search: Invasive fungal infection, antifungal therapy in intensive care unit, candidiasis. The major fungi implicated worldwide are Candida and Aspergillus spp., followed by Cryptococcus, Histoplasma, etc., in endemic areas. These produce a wide variety of infections that are difficult to diagnose as most of the diagnosing tests are non-specific and the culture takes a long time. An early suspicion of fungal infection with institution of appropriate antifungal therapy is mandatory for a positive outcome and to prevent development of invasive fungal infection. PMID:23919197

Bajwa, Sj; Kulshrestha, A

2013-04-01

267

Systems and processes for technology asset management  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

Embodiments of the present invention relate to systems and methods for technology asset management. In an embodiment, the technology asset management system includes a web interface for technology asset management customers and a server back end database to store technology asset management information. The technology asset management system can also include one or more of a plurality of intercoupled technology asset management modules, wherein the technology asset management modules include one or more of an invention submission module, an innovation awards module, a portfolio management module, a patent strategy module, and an intellectual property licensing management module. The one or more technology asset management modules can be coupled to the web interface and the server back end database.

2009-12-15

268

Saudi Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension: Intensive care management of pulmonary hypertension  

PubMed Central

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) may be due to preexisting pulmonary vascular lung disease, liver disease, or cardiac diseases. PH also may be caused by critical illnesses, such as acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), acute left ventricular dysfunction and pulmonary embolism, or may occur after cardiac or thoracic surgery. Regardless of the underlying cause of PH, the final common pathway for hemodynamic deterioration and death is RV failure, which is the most challenging aspect of patient management. Therapy is thus aimed at acutely relieving RV overload by decreasing PVR and reversing RV failure with pulmonary vasodilators and inotropes.

Al-Azem, M. Ali; Al-Hazmi, Manal S.

2014-01-01

269

Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS) Configuration Management Plan. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the Software Configuration Management (SCM) approach and procedures to be utilized in developing and maintaining the Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS). The configuration management procedures are necessary to ensure that any changes made to software and related documentation are consistent with ATMS goals and contained securely in a central library. This plan applies to all software and associated documentation used in producing ATMS V1.0 and ATMS V2.0 system.

Weidert, R.S.

1994-01-01

270

Roost Tree Selection by Maternal Colonies of Northern Long-eared Myotis in an Intensively Managed Forest.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We attached radio transmitters to 20 pregnant or lactating northern long-eared myotis (Myotis septentrionalis) and located 43 maternity colony roost trees in intensively managed hardwood forests in the Allegheny Mountains of east-central West Virginia. Ma...

S. F. Owen M. A. Menzel W. M. Ford J. W. Edwards B. R. Chapman K. V. Miller P. B. Wood

2001-01-01

271

Integrating Building Management System and facilities management on the Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, it is of great interest to adopt the Internet\\/Intranet to develop Building Management Systems (BMS) and Facilities Management Systems (FMS). This paper addresses two technical issues: the Web-based access (including database integration) and the integration of BMS and FMS. These should be addressed for accessing BMS remotely via Internet, integrating control networks using the Internet protocols and infrastructures, and

Shengwei Wang; Junlong Xie

2002-01-01

272

Design and Data Management System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Design and Data Management System (DDMS) was developed to automate the NASA Engineering Order (EO) and Engineering Change Request (ECR) processes at the Propulsion Test Facilities at Stennis Space Center for efficient and effective Configuration Management (CM). Prior to the development of DDMS, the CM system was a manual, paper-based system that required an EO or ECR submitter to walk the changes through the acceptance process to obtain necessary approval signatures. This approval process could take up to two weeks, and was subject to a variety of human errors. The process also requires that the CM office make copies and distribute them to the Configuration Control Board members for review prior to meetings. At any point, there was a potential for an error or loss of the change records, meaning the configuration of record was not accurate. The new Web-based DDMS eliminates unnecessary copies, reduces the time needed to distribute the paperwork, reduces time to gain the necessary signatures, and prevents the variety of errors inherent in the previous manual system. After implementation of the DDMS, all EOs and ECRs can be automatically checked prior to submittal to ensure that the documentation is complete and accurate. Much of the configuration information can be documented in the DDMS through pull-down forms to ensure consistent entries by the engineers and technicians in the field. The software also can electronically route the documents through the signature process to obtain the necessary approvals needed for work authorization. The workflow of the system allows for backups and timestamps that determine the correct routing and completion of all required authorizations in a more timely manner, as well as assuring the quality and accuracy of the configuration documents.

Messer, Elizabeth; Messer, Brad; Carter, Judy; Singletary, Todd; Albasini, Colby; Smith, Tammy

2007-01-01

273

Case management for high-intensity service users: towards a relational approach to care co-ordination.  

PubMed

This study is based on a formative evaluation of a case management service for high-intensity service users in Northern England. The evaluation had three main purposes: (i) to assess the quality of the organisational infrastructure; (ii) to obtain a better understanding of the key influences that played a role in shaping the development of the service; and (iii) to identify potential changes in practice that may help to improve the quality of service provision. The evaluation was informed by Gittell's relational co-ordination theory, which focuses upon cross-boundary working practices that facilitate task integration. The Assessment of Chronic Illness Care Survey was used to assess the organisational infrastructure and qualitative interviews with front line staff were conducted to explore the key influences that shaped the development of the service. A high level of strategic commitment and political support for integrated working was identified. However, the quality of care co-ordination was variable. The most prominent operational factor that appeared to influence the scope and quality of care co-ordination was the pattern of interaction between the case managers and their co-workers. The co-ordination of patient care was much more effective in integrated co-ordination networks. Key features included clearly defined, task focussed, relational workspaces with interactive forums where case managers could engage with co-workers in discussions about the management of interdependent care activities. In dispersed co-ordination networks with fewer relational workspaces, the case managers struggled to work as effectively. The evaluation concluded that the creation of flexible and efficient task focused relational workspaces that are systemically managed and adequately resourced could help to improve the quality of care co-ordination, particularly in dispersed networks. PMID:21143543

McEvoy, Phil; Escott, Diane; Bee, Penny

2011-01-01

274

Reconciling Knowledge Management and Workflow Management Systems: The Activity-Based Knowledge Management Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current trends in collaborative knowledge management emphasize the importance of inter- and intra-organizational business process support. Enactment of business processes has primarily been a domain of workflow management systems. In this paper we propose a hybrid architecture for reconciliation of knowledge management and workflow management systems in order to support process participants in organizations, who are increasingly distributed and need

Schahram Dustdar

2005-01-01

275

School Management Information Systems in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developments in information technologies have been impacting upon educational organizations. Principals have been using management information systems to improve the efficiency of administrative services. The aim of this research is to explore principals' perceptions about management information systems and how school management information…

Demir, Kamile

2006-01-01

276

A tool management system based on RFID  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Built the RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) hardware system then developed a tool management system based on Labview in the paper. The software can control the read/write device to read/write data through the serial port and use the database management module to add, query, modify and delete record. So, the automatic identification and management of cutting tool is realized.

Wang, Z. G.; Xu, L. D.; Cai, D. S.; Xu, L.; Yu, H. H.

2010-12-01

277

KMSCD: Knowledge Management System for Crop Diseases  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a knowledge management system for crop disease. The aim of KMSCD is to provide a knowledge management tool for efficient knowledge acquisition, storage, knowledge engineering, processing and proper maintenance of knowledge that can be ultimately used by the diagnostic expert system. The development of the KMSCD simplifies the complete process of knowledge management by providing user-friendly interface

Savita Kolhe; Raj Kamal; Harvinder S. Saini; Girish Kumar Gupta

2009-01-01

278

Database Management Systems Development in the USSR  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current developments m database management technology m the USSR are reviewed in the framework of the Soviet computing environment and the classes of information processing systems under development. The characteristms of operational and experimental Soviet database management systems are examined, and current research m the USSR on database management and related software topms is reviewed.

Alfred G. Dale

1979-01-01

279

Risk-Informed Safety Assurance and Probabilistic Assessment of Mission-Critical Software-Intensive Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report validates and documents the detailed features and practical application of the framework for software intensive digital systems risk assessment and risk-informed safety assurance presented in the NASA PRA Procedures Guide for Managers and Practitioner. This framework, called herein the "Context-based Software Risk Model" (CSRM), enables the assessment of the contribution of software and software-intensive digital systems to overall system risk, in a manner which is entirely compatible and integrated with the format of a "standard" Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA), as currently documented and applied for NASA missions and applications. The CSRM also provides a risk-informed path and criteria for conducting organized and systematic digital system and software testing so that, within this risk-informed paradigm, the achievement of a quantitatively defined level of safety and mission success assurance may be targeted and demonstrated. The framework is based on the concept of context-dependent software risk scenarios and on the modeling of such scenarios via the use of traditional PRA techniques - i.e., event trees and fault trees - in combination with more advanced modeling devices such as the Dynamic Flowgraph Methodology (DFM) or other dynamic logic-modeling representations. The scenarios can be synthesized and quantified in a conditional logic and probabilistic formulation. The application of the CSRM method documented in this report refers to the MiniAERCam system designed and developed by the NASA Johnson Space Center.

Guarro, Sergio B.

2010-01-01

280

Research Priorities for Health Systems Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The proceedings of a 1978 conference on research priorities for health systems management held in Washington, DC, are summarized. Participants included researchers, health care providers, and government officials. The management research needs addressed i...

S. Frawley R. C. Jones J. Corman J. Levy

1978-01-01

281

An Introduction to Database Management Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Description of database management systems for microcomputers highlights system features and factors to consider in microcomputer system selection. A method for ranking database management systems is explained and applied to a defined need, i.e., software support for indexing a weekly newspaper. A glossary of terms and 32-item bibliography are…

Warden, William H., III; Warden, Bette M.

1984-01-01

282

Security of Tax Management Information System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, firstly we introduces the main content of the tax management information system. Then we design the security system, which includes decision level, security guarantee system and security platform. The security is very important to tax management information system.

Bo Yan; Yiyun Chen; Guangwen Huang

2009-01-01

283

Biochar application reduces N2O emission in intensively managed temperate grassland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Biochar, a pyrolysis product of organic residues, is seen as an amendment for agricultural soils to improve soil fertility, sequester CO2 and reduce N2O emissions. Mainly used in highly weathered tropical soils, the interest of using biochar in intensively managed temperate soils is increasing. Our previous laboratory incubations have shown N2O reduction potentials of between 20 and 100% for temperate soils after biochar application (Felber et al., Biogeosciences Discuss, 2012). To assess the effect of biochar application under field conditions, a plot experiment (3 control vs. 3 biochar amended plots of 3x3 m size at a rate of 15 t ha-1) was set up in a temperate intensively managed grassland soil. N2O and CO2 emissions were quasi-continuously measured by static chambers under standard management practice over 8 months. In parallel soil samples were taken monthly from all plots and their N2O and CO2 productions were measured under controlled conditions in the lab. At the beginning of the field measurements (April 2011) cumulative N2O fluxes from biochar amended plots were above those of control plots, but the pattern reversed towards reduced fluxes from biochar plots after 3 months and the reduction reached about 15% by the end of 2011. The biochar effect on reducing N2O emissions in the laboratory was two times that of the field measurements, indicating that results from laboratory experiments are not directly transferable to field conditions. The experiments indicate a substantial N2O emission reduction potential of biochar in temperate grassland fields.

Felber, R.; Leifeld, J.; Neftel, A.

2012-04-01

284

Milk production, raw milk quality and fertility of dromedary camels (Camelus Dromedarius) under intensive management.  

PubMed

In many arid countries, dromedaries play an important role as a milk source in rural areas. However, the milk and meat production potential of this species is not well understood and documented. A large-scale camel dairy farm was established in 2006 in the United Arab Emirates. This study summarises the most important data on milk production, raw milk quality and reproductive efficiency collected on this farm during the first three years of operation. The average daily milk production, the mean length of lactation and the mean total milk production per lactation of 174 dromedaries were 6.0 ± 0.12 kg (± SEM), 586 ± 11.0 days (± SEM) and 3314 ± 98.5 kg (± SEM), respectively. The lactation curve reached its peak during the 4th month after parturition (mean ± SEM, 8.9 ± 0.04 kg), then it declined gradually, falling to 50% of the maximum by the 16th month postpartum (mean ± SEM, 4.3 ± 0.06 kg). Milking three times a day did not increase daily milk production compared to two times milking. Mean total viable bacterial count (TVC) and mean somatic cell count (SCC, ± SEM) of bulk raw camel milk were 4,403 ± 94 CFU/cm3 and 392,602 ± 5,999 cells/cm3 for a one-year period, respectively. There was a significant difference among months (P < 0.001). Coliform count was < 10 CFU/cm3 in most cases (96.5%). The average (± SEM) fat, protein, lactose, total solids (TS) and solid-non-fat (SNF) concentrations of individual milk samples were 2.51 ± 0.03%, 2.60 ± 0.01%, 4.03 ± 0.03%, 9.98 ± 0.03% and 7.56 ± 0.03%, respectively. Lactation period, average daily milk production and morning vs. evening milking significantly influenced milk chemical composition. For the 470 camels in the breeding programme, end-of-season pregnancy rate and birth rate were 87.0% and 82.6%, respectively, after natural mating. We have demonstrated that sustainable milk production is possible from a traditional species, the dromedary camel, under an intensive management system. PMID:23439293

Nagy, Péter; Thomas, Sonia; Markó, Orsolya; Juhász, Jutka

2013-03-01

285

Intensity-based fibre-optic sensing system using contrast modulation of subcarrier interference pattern  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A novel technique to compensate for unwanted intensity losses in a fiber-optic sensing system is described. The technique involves a continuous sinusoidal modulation of the light source intensity at radio frequencies and an intensity sensor placed in an unbalanced interferometer. The system shows high sensitivity and stability.

Adamovsky, G.; Sherer, T. N.; Maitland, D. J.

1989-01-01

286

Scoring systems in the intensive care unit: A compendium  

PubMed Central

Severity scales are important adjuncts of treatment in the intensive care unit (ICU) in order to predict patient outcome, comparing quality-of-care and stratification for clinical trials. Even though disease severity scores are not the key elements of treatment, they are however, an essential part of improvement in clinical decisions and in identifying patients with unexpected outcomes. Prediction models do face many challenges, but, proper application of these models helps in decision making at the right time and in decreasing hospital cost. In fact, they have become a necessary tool to describe ICU populations and to explain differences in mortality. However, it is also important to note that the choice of the severity score scale, index, or model should accurately match the event, setting or application; as mis-application, of such systems can lead to wastage of time, increased cost, unwarranted extrapolations and poor science. This article provides a brief overview of ICU severity scales (along with their predicted death/survival rate calculations) developed over the last 3 decades including several of them which has been revised accordingly.

Rapsang, Amy Grace; Shyam, Devajit C.

2014-01-01

287

23 CFR 972.204 - Management systems requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Management systems requirements. 972.204 Section...HIGHWAYS FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Fish and Wildlife Service Management Systems § 972.204 Management systems...

2009-04-01

288

23 CFR 972.204 - Management systems requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Management systems requirements. 972.204 Section...HIGHWAYS FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Fish and Wildlife Service Management Systems § 972.204 Management systems...

2010-04-01

289

23 CFR 971.204 - Management systems requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Management systems requirements. 971.204 Section...FEDERAL LANDS HIGHWAYS FOREST SERVICE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Forest Highway Program Management Systems § 971.204 Management systems...

2010-04-01

290

23 CFR 971.204 - Management systems requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Management systems requirements. 971.204 Section...FEDERAL LANDS HIGHWAYS FOREST SERVICE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Forest Highway Program Management Systems § 971.204 Management systems...

2009-04-01

291

23 CFR 970.204 - Management systems requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Management systems requirements. 970.204 Section 970...LANDS HIGHWAYS NATIONAL PARK SERVICE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS National Park Service Management Systems § 970.204 Management systems...

2009-04-01

292

23 CFR 970.204 - Management systems requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Management systems requirements. 970.204 Section 970...LANDS HIGHWAYS NATIONAL PARK SERVICE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS National Park Service Management Systems § 970.204 Management systems...

2010-04-01

293

Knowledge-based systems for power management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA-Marshall's Electrical Power Branch has undertaken the development of expert systems in support of further advancements in electrical power system automation. Attention is given to the features (1) of the Fault Recovery and Management Expert System, (2) a resource scheduler or Master of Automated Expert Scheduling Through Resource Orchestration, and (3) an adaptive load-priority manager, or Load Priority List Management System. The characteristics of an advisory battery manager for the Hubble Space Telescope, designated the 'nickel-hydrogen expert system', are also noted.

Lollar, L. F.

1992-01-01

294

AOIPS water resources data management system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A geocoded data management system applicable for hydrological applications was designed to demonstrate the utility of the Atmospheric and Oceanographic Information Processing System (AOIPS) for hydrological applications. Within that context, the geocoded hydrology data management system was designed to take advantage of the interactive capability of the AOIPS hardware. Portions of the Water Resource Data Management System which best demonstrate the interactive nature of the hydrology data management system were implemented on the AOIPS. A hydrological case study was prepared using all data supplied for the Bear River watershed located in northwest Utah, southeast Idaho, and western Wyoming.

Merritt, E. S.; Shotwell, R. L.; Place, M. C.; Belknap, N. J.

1976-01-01

295

Image-based document management systems for medical records.  

PubMed

Using image scanning as a document capture mechanism at time of treatment or on day of discharge automates the medical record to achieve the larger objectives of simultaneous concurrent access to an electronic chart. This form of keyless document capture, although appearing labor intensive, is justified for improving business management and quality of care. Coupled with optical character recognition or barcode recognition for keyless data capture, medical information may be more easily made available for clinical research. Not merely a microfilm alternative, a medical record management system accelerates chart completion. Labor reduction is realized by eliminating filing and retrieval of active charts, loose sheet handling, photocopying, chart assembly, and chart location control. By reducing the reasons for chart completion delays, accelerated billing of Medicare accounts will occur, resulting in a reduction in receivables. Image-based document management systems accomplish the three things required of a senior manager in health care: (1) solve problems, (2) save money, and (3) make money. PMID:10116256

Massengill, S P

1992-03-01

296

Business Management System Support Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this research project was to develop a searchable database compiled with internal and external audit findings/observations. The data will correspond to the findings and observations from the date of Center-wide implementation of the ISO 9001-2000 standard to the present (2003-2008). It was derived and extracted from several sources and was in multiple formats. Once extracted, categorization of the findings/observations would be possible. The final data was mapped to the ISO 9001-2000 standard with the understanding that it will be displayed graphically. The data will be used to verify trends, associate risks, and establish timelines to identify strengths and weaknesses to determine areas of improvement in the Kennedy Space Center Business Management System Internal Audit Program.

Parikh, Jay

2008-01-01

297

Automated transportation management system (ATMS) software project management plan (SPMP)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS) Software Project Management plan (SPMP) is the lead planning document governing the life cycle of the ATMS and its integration into the Transportation Information Network (TIN). This SPMP defines the project tasks, deliverables, and high level schedules involved in developing the client\\/server ATMS software.

Weidert; Westinghouse Hanford

1996-01-01

298

Trust Management in the Finnish Ministries: Evaluation of Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our purpose was to find out to what extent civil servants—managers, specialists, and experts—in 13 Finnish ministries have confidence in their management systems. We defined trust as a kind of deep sentiment, more fundamental than mere acceptance, satisfaction or legitimacy. Trust and mistrust are strong motivators for cooperation and collaboration. They are logical outcomes of social interaction in terms of

Risto Harisalo; Jari Stenvall

2003-01-01

299

Automated transportation management system (ATMS) software project management plan (SPMP)  

SciTech Connect

The Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS) Software Project Management plan (SPMP) is the lead planning document governing the life cycle of the ATMS and its integration into the Transportation Information Network (TIN). This SPMP defines the project tasks, deliverables, and high level schedules involved in developing the client/server ATMS software.

Weidert, R.S., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-05-20

300

Towards Network and Distributed System Performance Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Traditional performance management techniques are inadequate when applied to distributed computer systems because of essential differences between traditional and distributed systems. For example, distributed systems are connected by networks that do not ...

S. Wilbur M. Merabti

1987-01-01

301

Demil planning and management system.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Maintenance Point (NMP) Branch of the US Army Industrial Operations Command (IOC) serves as the Single Manager for Conventional Ammunition (SMCA) agent for managing the renovation, modification, recycling, and disposal of conventional ammunit...

C. C. Huber S. M. Bormet R. G. Whitfield M. Bowen K. C. Chun

1997-01-01

302

Assessing waste management systems using reginalt software  

SciTech Connect

A method for assessing management systems for low-level radioactive waste is being developed for US Department of Energy. The method is based on benefit-cost-risk analysis. Waste management is broken down into its component steps, which are generation, treatment, packaging, storage, transportation, and disposal. Several different alternatives available for each waste management step are described. A particular waste management system consists of a feasible combination of alternatives for each step. Selecting an optimal waste management system would generally proceed as follows: (1) qualitative considerations are used to narrow down the choice of waste management system alternatives to a manageable number; (2) the costs and risks for each of these system alternatives are evaluated; (3) the number of alternatives is further reduced by eliminating alternatives with similar risks but higher costs, or those with similar costs but higher risks; (4) a trade-off factor between cost and risk is chosen and used to compute the objective function (sum of the cost and risk); and (5) the selection of the optimal waste management system among the remaining alternatives is made by choosing the alternative with the smallest value for the objective function. The authors propose that the REGINALT software system, developed by EG and G Idaho, Inc., as an acid for managers of low-level commerical waste, be augmented for application to the managment of DOE-generated waste. Specific recommendations for modification of the REGINALT system are made. 51 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

Meshkov, N.K.; Camasta, S.F.; Gilbert, T.L.

1988-03-01

303

Stereotactic Image-Guided Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy Using the HI-ART II Helical Tomotherapy System  

SciTech Connect

The highly integrated adaptive radiation therapy (HI-ART II) helical tomotherapy unit is a new radiotherapy machine designed to achieve highly precise and accurate treatments at all body sites. The precision and accuracy of the HI-ART II is similar to that provided by stereotactic radiosurgery systems, hence the historical distinction between external beam radiotherapy and stereotactic procedures based on differing precision requirements is removed for this device. The objectives of this work are: (1) to describe stereotactic helical tomotherapy processes (SRS, SBRT); (2) to show that the precision and accuracy of the HI-ART meet the requirements defined for SRS and SBRT; and (3) to describe the clinical implementation of a stereotactic image-guided intensity modulated radiation therapy (IG-IMRT) system that incorporates optical motion management.

Holmes, Timothy W. [St. Agnes Cancer Center, Baltimore, MD (United States); Integrated Medical Technologies, Troy, NY (United States)], E-mail: tholmes@stagnes.org; Hudes, Richard; Dziuba, Sylwester; Kazi, Abdul; Hall, Mark; Dawson, Dana [St. Agnes Cancer Center, Baltimore, MD (United States); Integrated Medical Technologies, Troy, NY (United States)

2008-07-01

304

Management Training in Educational Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to provide a theoretical and experiential background for a better approach to the question "What are the learning needs in management training for personnel working at the management level within ministries of education?" The paper reviews the literature on management training for personnel working in educational…

Valle, Victor M.

305

Production Administration Management System in Network Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a With more and more construction of manufacturing enterprise information, manufacturing execution system in plant will become\\u000a increasingly important. In the paper, business process of plant production management is introduced firstly, and then production\\u000a administration management system architecture is also discussed. More ever, system analysis and design process is illustrated\\u000a by orient object method. Lastly, key technology of production administration management

Yadong Fang; Lei Zhang

306

Management system, organizational climate and performance relationships  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Seven aerospace firms were investigated to determine if a relationship existed among management systems, organizational climate, and organization performance. Positive relationships were found between each of these variables, but a statistically significant relationship existed only between the management system and organizational climate. The direction and amount of communication and the degree of decentralized decision-making, elements of the management system, also had a statistically significant realtionship with organization performance.

Davis, B. D.

1979-01-01

307

Educational Management Information Systems for the Seventies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improvement in education clearly depends on improved management practice, which, in turn, depends on more effective information systems. The kind of management information systems needed in education in the seventies is referred to in the literature as a "fourth generation" system, one that focuses on the decision process and is developed in terms…

Hayman, John L., Jr.

1974-01-01

308

Design of Tax Management Information System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, firstly we introduces the main content and operation flow of the tax management information system as well as main functions of its subsystems. Then we describe the general structure and technical implementation strategy of the application system. The tax management information system can improve the taxation service, reduce the taxation cost, and provide reliable reference for macro-economic

Bo Yan; Yiyun Chen; Guangwen Huang

2009-01-01

309

Storage workload estimation for database management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern storage systems are sophisticated. Simple direct- attached storage devices are giving way to storage systems that are shared, flexible, virtualized and network-attached. Today, storage systems have their own administrators, who use specialized tools and expertise to configure and manage storage resources. Although the separation of storage man- agement and database management has many advantages, it also introduces problems. Database

Oguzhan Ozmen; Kenneth Salem; Mustafa Uysal; M. Hossein Sheikh Attar

2007-01-01

310

Methodical Construction of Database Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although more and more database management systems are being developed, constructingsuch systems in an engineering fashion remains an open problem. An engineering attitudetowards construction not only tells how to implement a database management system, butalso tries to minimize construction time. Hence, the prime objective of an engineering-styleconstruction approach is construction efficiency.

Andreas Geppert

1994-01-01

311

Exhibition management information system design and implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, through the research and analysis of the existing exhibition business systems, a new exhibition management information system is proposed and achieved. This system not only can better provide the corresponding information management services for the relevant departments of the exhibition center, but also is simple to achieve, easy to extend and has low cost.

Yang Haiying

2010-01-01

312

Data Management Systems for Structured Information Retrieval.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes some of the advantages and problems of using generalized data base management systems in information retrieval. A particular system, Data Manager -1, was studied to derive use and cost criteria. System costs were then obtained as a fu...

A. L. Goel L. H. Groner

1974-01-01

313

Configuration Management File Manager Developed for Numerical Propulsion System Simulation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One of the objectives of the High Performance Computing and Communication Project's (HPCCP) Numerical Propulsion System Simulation (NPSS) is to provide a common and consistent way to manage applications, data, and engine simulations. The NPSS Configuratio...

G. J. Follen

1997-01-01

314

The Dark Energy Survey data management system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Dark Energy Survey (DES) collaboration will study cosmic acceleration with a 5000 deg2 griZY survey in the southern sky over 525 nights from 2011-2016. The DES data management (DESDM) system will be used to process and archive these data and the resulting science ready data products. The DESDM system consists of an integrated archive, a processing framework, an ensemble of astronomy codes and a data access framework. We are developing the DESDM system for operation in the high performance computing (HPC) environments at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) and Fermilab. Operating the DESDM system in an HPC environment offers both speed and flexibility. We will employ it for our regular nightly processing needs, and for more compute-intensive tasks such as large scale image coaddition campaigns, extraction of weak lensing shear from the full survey dataset, and massive seasonal reprocessing of the DES data. Data products will be available to the Collaboration and later to the public through a virtual-observatory compatible web portal. Our approach leverages investments in publicly available HPC systems, greatly reducing hardware and maintenance costs to the project, which must deploy and maintain only the storage, database platforms and orchestration and web portal nodes that are specific to DESDM. In Fall 2007, we tested the current DESDM system on both simulated and real survey data. We used Teragrid to process 10 simulated DES nights (3TB of raw data), ingesting and calibrating approximately 250 million objects into the DES Archive database. We also used DESDM to process and calibrate over 50 nights of survey data acquired with the Mosaic2 camera. Comparison to truth tables in the case of the simulated data and internal crosschecks in the case of the real data indicate that astrometric and photometric data quality is excellent.

Mohr, Joseph J.; Adams, Darren; Barkhouse, Wayne; Beldica, Cristina; Bertin, Emmanuel; Cai, Y. Dora; da Costa, Luiz A. Nicolaci; Darnell, J. Anthony; Daues, Gregory E.; Jarvis, Michael; Gower, Michelle; Lin, Huan; Martelli, Leandro; Neilsen, Eric; Ngeow, Chow-Choong; Ogando, Ricardo L. C.; Parga, Alex; Sheldon, Erin; Tucker, Douglas; Kuropatkin, Nikolay; Stoughton, Chris

2008-07-01

315

Postpartum depression in mothers of infants in neonatal intensive care unit: risk factors and management strategies.  

PubMed

Objective?The aim of this study is to assess incidence, risk factors, and management strategies for Postpartum depression (PPD) in mothers of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) infants. Study Design?A total of 131 mothers completed the study assessment tool (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale with additional questions). Score of 10 or above was considered to indicate risk for PPD (subclinical depression). Risk factors were examined with particular emphasis on length of stay (LOS). Results?Approximately 19.1% of mothers experienced (subclinical) PPD. Depression during current and previous pregnancy, and problems with current delivery were strong predicting risk factors for PPD. As the LOS increased beyond 2 weeks, the odds of PPD risks initially increased, then leveled off, and then decreased after 31 days. Conclusion?We recommend that the mothers of NICU infants be routinely screened for PPD and aggressively treated. PMID:23918522

Vasa, Rohitkumar; Eldeirawi, Kamal; Kuriakose, Vipin George; Nair G, Jijo; Newsom, Carol; Bates, Joanne

2014-05-01

316

A multi-taxon approach reveals the effect of management intensity on biodiversity in Alpine larch grasslands.  

PubMed

In the Alps, larch grasslands form one of the most pleasing aspects of the landscape. However, their effectiveness in contributing to biodiversity conservation may depend on the intensity of their management. We used a multi-taxon approach to evaluate the effects of the intensification of management practices and those of abandonment on the biodiversity of the main autotrophic organisms hosted in this habitat, including vascular plants, bryophytes, and lichens. The study was carried out in the eastern part of South Tyrol, in the Italian Alps, where the diversity patterns of these three organismal groups were compared among intensively managed, extensively managed, and abandoned stands. The management intensity was found to strongly influence the biodiversity of the organisms, with a general pattern indicating the best conditions in extensively managed stands. Both abandonment and management intensification were detrimental to biodiversity through different mechanisms that led to species loss or to major shifts in species composition. However, the most negative effects were related to management intensification, mainly due to the high nitrogen supply, providing evidence for the increasing impact of eutrophication on Alpine environments. PMID:24784735

Nascimbene, Juri; Fontana, Veronika; Spitale, Daniel

2014-07-15

317

Greenhouse gas budget (CO2, CH4 and N2O) of intensively managed grassland following restoration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The first full greenhouse gas (GHG) flux budget of an intensively managed grassland in Switzerland (Chamau) is presented. The three major trace gases, carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) were measured with the eddy covariance (EC) technique. For CO2 concentrations, an open-path infrared gas analyzer was used, while N2O and CH4 concentrations were measured with a recently developed continuous-wave quantum cascade laser absorption spectrometer (QCLAS). We investigated the magnitude of these trace gas emissions after grassland restoration, including ploughing, harrowing, sowing and fertilization with inorganic and organic fertilizers in 2012. Large peaks of N2O fluxes (20 - 50 nmol m-2 s-1 compared to a < 5 nmol m-2 s-1 background) were observed during thawing of the soil after the winter period and after mineral fertilizer application followed by re-sowing in the beginning of the summer season. N2O fluxes were controlled by nitrogen input, plant productivity, soil water content and temperature. Management activities led to increased variations of N2O fluxes up to 14 days after the management event as compared to background fluxes measured during periods without management (< 5nmol m-2 s-1). Fluxes of CO2 remained small until full plant development in early summer 2012. In contrast methane emissions showed only minor variations over time. The annual GHG flux budget was dominated by N2O (48 % contribution) and CO2 emissions (44 %). CH4 flux contribution to the annual budget was only minor (8 %). We conclude that recently developed multi-species QCLAS in an EC system open new opportunities to determine the temporal variation of N2O and CH4 fluxes, which further allow to quantify annual emissions. With respect to grassland restoration, our study emphasizes the key role of N2O and CO2 losses after ploughing, changing a permanent grassland from a carbon sink to a significant carbon source.

Merbold, Lutz; Eugster, Werner; Stieger, Jacqueline; Zahniser, Mark; Nelson, David; Buchmann, Nina

2014-05-01

318

Optimal Multi-scale Demand-side Management for Continuous Power-Intensive Processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the advent of deregulation in electricity markets and an increasing share of intermittent power generation sources, the profitability of industrial consumers that operate power-intensive processes has become directly linked to the variability in energy prices. Thus, for industrial consumers that are able to adjust to the fluctuations, time-sensitive electricity prices (as part of so-called Demand-Side Management (DSM) in the smart grid) offer potential economical incentives. In this thesis, we introduce optimization models and decomposition strategies for the multi-scale Demand-Side Management of continuous power-intensive processes. On an operational level, we derive a mode formulation for scheduling under time-sensitive electricity prices. The formulation is applied to air separation plants and cement plants to minimize the operating cost. We also describe how a mode formulation can be used for industrial combined heat and power plants that are co-located at integrated chemical sites to increase operating profit by adjusting their steam and electricity production according to their inherent flexibility. Furthermore, a robust optimization formulation is developed to address the uncertainty in electricity prices by accounting for correlations and multiple ranges in the realization of the random variables. On a strategic level, we introduce a multi-scale model that provides an understanding of the value of flexibility of the current plant configuration and the value of additional flexibility in terms of retrofits for Demand-Side Management under product demand uncertainty. The integration of multiple time scales leads to large-scale two-stage stochastic programming problems, for which we need to apply decomposition strategies in order to obtain a good solution within a reasonable amount of time. Hence, we describe two decomposition schemes that can be applied to solve two-stage stochastic programming problems: First, a hybrid bi-level decomposition scheme with novel Lagrangean-type and subset-type cuts to strengthen the relaxation. Second, an enhanced cross-decomposition scheme that integrates Benders decomposition and Lagrangean decomposition on a scenario basis. To demonstrate the effectiveness of our developed methodology, we provide several industrial case studies throughout the thesis.

Mitra, Sumit

319

The role of metrics and measurements in a software intensive total quality management environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Paramax Space Systems began its mission as a member of the Rockwell Space Operations Company (RSOC) team which was the successful bidder on a massive operations consolidation contract for the Mission Operations Directorate (MOD) at JSC. The contract awarded to the team was the Space Transportation System Operations Contract (STSOC). Our initial challenge was to accept responsibility for a very large, highly complex and fragmented collection of software from eleven different contractors and transform it into a coherent, operational baseline. Concurrently, we had to integrate a diverse group of people from eleven different companies into a single, cohesive team. Paramax executives recognized the absolute necessity to develop a business culture based on the concept of employee involvement to execute and improve the complex process of our new environment. Our executives clearly understood that management needed to set the example and lead the way to quality improvement. The total quality management policy and the metrics used in this endeavor are presented.

Daniels, Charles B.

1992-01-01

320

University Program Management Information System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As basic policy, NASA believes that colleges and universities should be encouraged to participate in the nation's space and aeronautics program to the maximum extent practicable. Indeed, universities are considered as partners with government and industry in the nation's aerospace program. NASA's objective is to have them bring their scientific, engineering, and social research competence to bear on aerospace problems and on the broader social, economic, and international implications of NASA's technical and scientific programs. It is expected that, in so doing, universities will strengthen both their research and their educational capabilities to contribute more effectively to the national well-being. This annual report is one means of documenting the NASA-university relationship, frequently denoted, collectively, as NASA's University Program. This report is consistent with agency accounting records, as the data is obtained from NASA's Financial and Contractual Status (FACS) System, operated by the Financial Management Division and the Procurement Office. However, in accordance with interagency agreements, the orientation differs from that required for financial or procurement purposes. Any apparent discrepancies between this report and other NASA procurement or financial reports stem from the selection criteria for the data. This report was prepared by the Education Division/FE, Office of Human Resources and Education.

Gans, Gary (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

321

University Program Management Information System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As basic policy, NASA believes that colleges and universities should be encouraged to participate in the nation's space and aeronautics program to the maximum extent practicable. Indeed, universities are considered as partners with government and industry in the nation's aerospace program. NASA's objective is to have them bring their scientific, engineering, and social research competence to bear on aerospace problems and on the broader social, economic, and international implications of NASA's technical and scientific programs. It is expected that, in so doing, universities will strengthen both their research and their educational capabilities to contribute more effectively to the national well being. This annual report is one means of documenting the NASA-university relationship, frequently denoted, collectively, as NASA's University Program. This report is consistent with agency accounting records, as the data is obtained from NASA's Financial and Contractual Status (FACS) System, operated by the Financial Management Division and the Procurement Office. However, in accordance with interagency agreements, the orientation differs from that required for financial or procurement purposes. Any apparent discrepancies between this report and other NASA procurement or financial reports stem from the selection criteria for the data.

Gans, Gary (Technical Monitor)

2004-01-01

322

University Program Management Information System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As basic policy, NASA believes that colleges and universities should be encouraged to participate in the nation's space and aeronautics program to the maximum extent practicable. Indeed, universities are considered as partners with government and industry in the nation's aerospace program. NASA' objective is to have them bring their scientific, engineering, and social research competence to bear on aerospace problems and on the broader social, economic, and international implications of NASA's technical and scientific programs. It is expected that, in so doing, universities will strengthen both their research and their educational capabilities to contribute more effectively to the national well being. This annual report is one means of documenting the NASA-university relationship, frequently denoted, collectively, as NASA's University Program. This report is consistent with agency accounting records, as the data is obtained from NASA's Financial and Contractual Status (FACS) System, operated by the Financial Management Division and the Procurement Office. However, in accordance with interagency agreements, the orientation differs from that required for financial or procurement purposes. Any apparent discrepancies between this report and other NASA procurement or financial reports stem from the selection criteria for the data.

2001-01-01

323

Advanced Traffic Management Systems Tort Liability Issues.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Traffic management systems, such as metering lights, ramp signals and stop signs and lights, have been in use for so many years that drivers now take them for granted. The planned introduction of Advanced Traffic Management Systems (ATMS) will have a prof...

S. N. Roberts A. S. Hightower M. G. Thornton L. N. Cunningham R. G. Terry

1993-01-01

324

A prototype Spatial Data Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spatial Data Management is a technique for organizing and retrieving information by positioning it in a spatial framework. Data is accessed in a Spatial Data Management System (SDMS) via pictorial representations which are arranged in space and viewed through a computer graphics system. These pictures can be created by an interactive graphical editor, allowing an SDMS to serve as a

Christopher F. Herot; Richard Carling; Mark Friedell; David Kramlich

1980-01-01

325

Data management for decision support systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In describing a DSS architecture it is common to include a database as a component in the system. However, the DSS literature pays little attention to the data management function. Emphasis is placed on model aspects and user-system interface. In this paper we shall develop some characteristics of the data management function for a DSS. They are based on data

Leif B. Methlie

1980-01-01

326

A Resource Management Architecture for Metacomputing Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Metacomputing systems are intended to support remote and\\/or concurrent use of geo- graphically distributed computational resources. Resource management in such systems is complicated by ve concerns that do not typically arise in other situations: site autonomy and heterogeneous substrates at the resources, and application requirements for policy exten- sibility, co-allocation, and online control. We describe a resource management architecture that

Karl Czajkowski; Ian T. Foster; Nicholas T. Karonis; Carl Kesselman; Stuart Martin; Warren Smith; Steven Tuecke

1998-01-01

327

A MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

RATIONALE FOR DEVELOPING THE obligations incurred earlier when the retiree MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM was an employee. The resulting impacts of prior deficit spending and of unfunded vested We find two reasons to develop an improved pension commitments were compounded by management information system for local gov- the lack in some local governments of accurate ernments. One is the apparent inability

John Sjo; Arlo W. Biere

1980-01-01

328

Cybersecurity, Capital Allocations and Management Control Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design and use of management control systems can play a key role in dealing with cybersecurity issues that have arisen in tandem with the emergence of the Internet. Efficient management control systems will reduce a firm's likelihood of suffering significant losses from cybersecurity breaches. Drawing on and extending the extant agency-based capital budgeting literature, this paper demonstrates the relevance

Lawrence A. Gordon; Martin P. Loeb; Tashfeen Sohail; Chih-Yang Tseng; Lei Zhou

2008-01-01

329

Decision support system for nursing management control  

SciTech Connect

A knowledge representation approach for expert systems supporting decision processes in business is proposed. A description of a knowledge representation schema using a logic programming metalanguage is described, then the role of such a schema in a management expert system is demonstrated through the problem of nursing management control in hospitals. 18 references.

Ernst, C.J.

1983-01-01

330

Security architecture for system wide information management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Air Traffic Service Providers (ATSPs) are embarking on a transition of their information systems to a new paradigm of System Wide Information Management (SWIM). SWIM defines an enterprise-wide open, flexible, modular, manageable and secure architecture that is transparent to users. Information sharing, including real-time capability, enables operational improvements and facilitates a reduction in the overall cost of operation and maintenance.

B. Stephens

2005-01-01

331

A Knowledge Management System Based on Ontologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently the companiespsila interest on a correct knowledge management is grown, more than interest on the mere knowledge itself. In the last few years, several projects have been carried out, with the aim of the development of innovative systems capable of collecting and sharing information. This paper proposes a knowledge management system, whose main feature is an ontological knowledge representation.

Patrizia Ribino; Antonio Oliveri; G. L. Re; S. Gaglio

2009-01-01

332

BioMedical Waste Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hospitals produce waste, which is increasing over the years in its amount and type. The hospital waste, in addition to the risk for patients and personnel who handle them also poses a threat to public health and environment. The main functions of the Bio-Medical Waste Management (BMWM) system (one of the modules of a Hospital Management Information System) is to

Priti Razdan; Amarjeet Singh Cheema

333

Left Brain Systems and Right Brain Managers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shortcomings of management information systems in managerial functions are often attributed to differences between "left brain" activities performed by machines and "right brain" activities performed in decision making. It is argued that academic management information systems should incorporate and recognize both kinds of activity. (MSE)

Brown, Jerry W.; Service, Allan L.

1980-01-01

334

RFID Technology Applied in Warehouse Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Having taken into account the features of modern warehouse management, we put forward a warehouse management system (WMS) based on Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), and probe into the structure and operation flow of the system. The WMS will adopt RFID middleware as the support platform, cover goods entry, picking, checking, delivery and many other operation flows, and can collect, deliver,

Bo Yan; Yiyun Chen; Xiaosheng Meng

2008-01-01

335

DATA WAREHOUSE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM A CASE STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last decade data warehouses have become the basis for support in business decision making. This paper will show our framework for the data warehouse management system as well as advantages and disadvantages of this approach in relation to the other data warehouse management systems. Many approaches to the development of data warehouse emphasize the importance of meta data

DARKO KRULJ; MILUTIN CUPIC; MILAN MARTIC; MILIJA SUKNOVIC

336

Managing Complexity in Modelling Embedded Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increased dependence on embedded systems in daily life underlines the need for modelling techniques that are simple to use, and yet powerful enough to effectively manage the complexity and provide a platform for formal verification. The Genetic Software Engineering (GSE) method manages the complexity of embedded systems requirements by translating one requirement at a time into a graphic notation with

Saad Zafar; R. G. Dromey

337

Metropolitan Evansville Transit System: Management Performance Audit.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document is the management performance audit of the Metropolitan Evansville Transit System (METS), and it evaluates the transit system in the context of its goals and objectives and its resources and constraints. The scope of this performance evaluati...

S. A. Dodge D. R. Leffers

1979-01-01

338

Drainage Facility Management System, SPR-613.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research project identified requirements for a drainage facility management system for the Oregon Department of Transportation. It also estimated the personnel resources needed to collect the inventory to populate such a system with data. A total of ...

M. A. Mabey P. R. Wirfs

2009-01-01

339

Forecasting Overhaul or Replacement Intervals Based on Estimated System Failure Intensity.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

System reliability can be expressed in terms of the pattern of failure events over time. Assuming a nonhomogeneous Poisson process, and Weibull intensity function for complex repairable system failures, the degree of system deterioration can be approximat...

J. M. Gannon

1994-01-01

340

The Issue of System Use in Knowledge Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses system use as a measure of system success. It is proposed that for knowledge management systems it is not the amount of use that is important, but rather, the quality of that use and the intention to use. Evidence is provided to support this proposition and a knowledge management system success model incorporating this proposition is discussed.

Murray E. Jennex

2005-01-01

341

A database management system for a VLSI design system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A special purpose database management system for VLSI design environment is presented. Besides supporting design data management and tools integration, the system provides lots of facilities for supporting fast development of efficient and powerful VLSI CAD tools. This system could simplify the task and reduce efforts of implementing an integrated VLSI design system.

Gwo-Dong Chen; Tai-Ming Parng

1988-01-01

342

Research on the Distributive Knowledge Management System of Logistic Enterprise Integrating Context Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information management is the base of knowledge management, and knowledge management is the development of information management. Through constructing the distributive knowledge management system, logistic enterprise may enter into the stage of \\

Xiao Liang

2009-01-01

343

Information Systems Coordinate Emergency Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The rescue crews have been searching for the woman for nearly a week. Hurricane Katrina devastated Hancock County, the southernmost point in Mississippi, and the woman had stayed through the storm in her beach house. There is little hope of finding her alive; the search teams know she is gone because the house is gone. Late at night in the art classroom of the school that is serving as the county s emergency operations center, Craig Harvey is discussing the search with the center s commander. Harvey is the Chief Operating Officer of a unique company called NVision Solutions Inc., based at NASA s Stennis Space Center in Bay St. Louis, only a couple of miles away. He and his entire staff have set up a volunteer operation in the art room, supporting the emergency management efforts using technology and capabilities the company developed through its NASA partnerships. As he talks to the commander, Harvey feels an idea taking shape that might lead them to the woman s location. Working with surface elevation data and hydrological principles, Harvey creates a map showing how the floodwaters from the storm would have flowed along the topography of the region around the woman s former home. Using the map, search crews find the woman s body in 15 minutes. Recovering individuals who have been lost is a sad reality of emergency management in the wake of a disaster like Hurricane Katrina in 2005. But the sooner answers can be provided, the sooner a community s overall recovery can take place. When damage is extensive, resources are scattered, and people are in dire need of food, shelter, and medical assistance, the speed and efficiency of emergency operations can be the key to limiting the impact of a disaster and speeding the process of recovery. And a key to quick and effective emergency planning and response is geographic information. With a host of Earth-observing satellites orbiting the globe at all times, NASA generates an unmatched wealth of data about our ever-changing planet. This information can be captured, analyzed, and visualized by geographic information systems (GIS) to produce maps, charts, and other tools that can reveal information essential to a wide variety of applications including emergency management. Knowing precise, real-time information about the size, location, environmental conditions, and resulting damage of an event like a flood or wildfire as well as the location and numbers of emergency responders and other resources contributes directly to the effectiveness of disaster mitigation. The need for such information is also evident when responding to homeland security threats, such as a terrorist attack. Recognizing the value of its geospatial information resources for this and other purposes, in 1998 Stennis and the state of Mississippi partnered to form what became the Enterprise for Innovative Geospatial Solutions (EIGS) industry cluster, supporting the growth of remote sensing and GIS-based research and business. As part of EIGS, several companies partnered with NASA through dual use and Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contracts. Among those was NVision.

2012-01-01

344

Software configuration management plan for HANDI 2000 business management system  

SciTech Connect

The Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) describes the configuration management and control environment for HANDI 2000 for the PP and PS software as well as any custom developed software. This plan establishes requirements and processes for uniform documentation control, system change control, systematic evaluation and coordination of HANDI 2000. This SCMP becomes effective as this document is acceptance and will provide guidance through implementation efforts.

Wilson, D.

1998-08-25

345

Towards Content-Oriented Integration for Process-Centric Knowledge Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Workflow management system (WfMS) which focuses on controlling, monitoring, optimizing and supporting business processes management is extensively used in knowledge management systems (KMS). But traditional WfMS only work with complete processes on the basis of process models and therefore fail to support a large class of knowledge intensive business processes such as content-oriented integration. In this paper, a service-oriented framework

Ming Gao; Jichen Jiang

2009-01-01

346

HIGH-INTENSITY BREMSSTRAHLUNG MONITORING SYSTEM FOR PHOTONUCLEAR TECHNOLOGIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The realization of promising photonuclear technologies (a soft technology for medical isotope production, radioactive waste handling, activation analysis, etc) calls for the sources of high-energy (E?>10MeV) and high- intensity (?10 3 W\\/cm 2 ) photons (1,2). Such sources may be obtained by converting a beam from a high-current electron Linac into bremsstrahlung. The method of combined (?,n) activation of a

S. P. Karasyov; V. I. Nikiforov; R. I. Pomatsalyuk; V. A. Shevchenko; I. N. Shlyakhov; A. Eh Tenishev; V. L. Uvarov; Yu. V. Zhebrovsky

2006-01-01

347

Safeguards Information Management Systems (SIMS).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The requirements for the management of information at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and its Department of Safeguards are rapidly changing. Historically, the Department of Safeguards has had the requirement to process large volumes of conve...

R. J. Sorenson K. B. Sheely J. B. Brown R. D. Horton R. Strittmatter

1994-01-01

348

Prescription Based Maintenance Management System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In recent years, significant focus has been placed on the development and implementation of advanced prognostic and health management (PHM) technologies in military and industrial applications. The term PHM encompasses anomaly, diagnostic and prognostic a...

G. S. Valentine J. Scharschan T. Galie

2007-01-01

349

Functions and Technical Characteristics of Satellite Network Management Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Satellite network management systems (SNMS) are the primary component of VSATs. They perform the entire network management function. The network system management function primarily includes administrative, operational, and management. The Shenzhen Securi...

H. Peng

1996-01-01

350

Configuration management plan for the Automated Transportation Management System  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the Software Configuration Management (SCM) approach and procedures to be utilized in ensuring and controlling the development process of the Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS). The sponsor has identified ATMS and its components as unclassified and non-sensitive. The configuration management procedures are necessary to ensure that any changes made to software and related documentation are consistent with ATMS goals and objectives and contained securely in a central library. The objectives of the Plan are to (1) Establish product baselines that support the change process; (2) Ensure that all system changes support ATMS goals and objectives; (3) Ensure that the potential impacts of system changes are adequately evaluated prior to implementation; (4) Ensure that the latest approved versions of all software are being used in all environments (current production, development and future production); (5) Establish a configuration status reporting standard that informs pertinent individuals of ATMS system status; (6) Ensure that the baselines always remain current with the production software and documentation; (7) Ensure that configuration management is integrated with other management plans designed to meet the overall objectives and goals of ATMS; and (8) Ensure that the configuration library function of maintaining all master copies of documentation and software for each product is supported.

Genoni, S.K. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1994-04-01

351

QMDS: A File System Metadata Management Service Supporting a Graph Data Model-Based Query Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

File system metadata management has become a bottleneck for many data-intensive applications that rely on high-performance file systems. Part of the bottleneck is due to the limitations of an almost 50 year old interface standard with metadata abstractions that were designed at a time when high-end file systems managed less than 100MB. Today's high- performance file systems store 7 to

Sasha Ames; Maya B. Gokhale; Carlos Maltzahn

2011-01-01

352

QMDS: a file system metadata management service supporting a graph data model-based query language  

Microsoft Academic Search

File system metadata management has become a bottleneck for many data-intensive applications that rely on high-performance file systems. Part of the bottleneck is due to the limitations of an almost 50-year-old interface standard with metadata abstractions that were designed at a time when high-end file systems managed less than 100 MB. Today's high-performance file systems store 7–9 orders of magnitude more

Sasha Ames; Maya Gokhale; Carlos Maltzahn

2012-01-01

353

Design and analysis of afocal, two-mirror systems for arbitrary intensity transformations. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

Generalized surface equations are developed for reflaxicon and waxicon systems, which allow arbitrary control of the intensity profile of the exit beam. These equations assume axial symmetry of the intensity transformation function. Both the reflaxicon and waxicon systems are analyzed numerically to determine the sensitivity of the aberrations to system misalignment and system design parameters. Design recommendations are made for minimizing the sensitivity of the systems to misalignment.

Hales, W.L.; Korsch, D.

1980-10-01

354

Improvements to information management systems simulator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The performance of personnel in the augmentation and improvement of the interactive IMSIM information management simulation model is summarized. With this augmented model, NASA now has even greater capabilities for the simulation of computer system configurations, data processing loads imposed on these configurations, and executive software to control system operations. Through these simulations, NASA has an extremely cost effective capability for the design and analysis of computer-based data management systems.

Bilek, R. W.

1972-01-01

355

An Architecture for Open Learning Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

There exists an urgent demand on defining architectures for Learning Management Systems, so that high-level frameworks for understanding these systems can be discovered, and quality attributes like portability, interoperability, reusability and modifiability can be achieved. In this paper we propose a prototype architecture aimed to engineer Open Learning Management Systems, that professes state-of-the-art software engineering techniques such as layered structure

Simos Retalis; Manolis Skordalakis

2003-01-01

356

An Architecture for Open Learning Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

There exists an urgent demand on defining architectures for Learning Management Systems, so that high-level frameworks for\\u000a understanding these systems can be discovered, and quality attributes like portability, interoperability, reusability and\\u000a modifiability can be achieved. In this paper we propose a prototype architecture aimed to engineer Open Learning Management\\u000a Systems, that professes state-of-the-art software engineering techniques such as layered structure

Symeon Retalis; Manolis Skordalakis

2001-01-01

357

Nonlinear pulse propagation in dispersion managed system  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study nonlinear pulse propagation in an optical transmission system with dispersion managements. This is particularly important for designing an ultra-fast and long-haul communication system in the next generation. There exists a quasi-stationary pulse solution in such a system whose width and chirp are rapidly oscillating with the period of dispersion management. This pulse also has several new features such

Yuji Kodama

1998-01-01

358

System R: relational approach to database management  

Microsoft Academic Search

System R is a database management system which provides a high level relational data interface. The systems provides a high level of data independence by isolating the end user as much as possible from underlying storage structures. The system permits definition of a variety of relational views on common underlying data. Data control features are provided, including authorization, integrity assertions,

Morton M. Astrahan; Mike W. Blasgen; Donald D. Chamberlin; Kapali P. Eswaran; Jim Gray; Patricia P. Griffiths; W. Frank King III; Raymond A. Lorie; Paul R. McJones; James W. Mehl; Gianfranco R. Putzolu; Irving L. Traiger; Bradford W. Wade; Vera Watson

1976-01-01

359

Playout Management - An Integrated Service of a Multimedia Database Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Playout management subsumes both, lower and higher level system tasks necessary to execute stored multimediapresentations. An elegant way to handle the data management tasks especially for simultaneous multimediapresentations is to use a database management system. Based on an analysis of some alternative solutionsfor providing a playout management service for multimedia presentations which data are managed byusing a database management system,

Heiko Thimm; Wolfgang Klas

1995-01-01

360

Management of Rare Central Nervous System Tumors  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The management of rare central nervous system (CNS) tumors varies greatly, depending upon several key factors. The location\\u000a of the tumor may be the most important consideration in the management, specifically the neurosurgical management, of any\\u000a intracranial lesion. The location, of course, determines what neurological deficits a patient may have and the degree of resectability\\u000a of the tumor. For instance,

Gery Hsu; Raymond Sawaya

361

Issue Management Risk Ranking Systems  

SciTech Connect

Thousands of safety issues have been collected on-line at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) as part of the Issue Management Plan. However, there has been no established approach to prioritize collected and future issues. The authors developed a methodology, based on hazards assessment, to identify and risk rank over 5000 safety issues collected at INEEL. This approach required that it was easily applied and understandable for site adaptation and commensurate with the Integrated Safety Plan. High-risk issues were investigated and mitigative/preventive measures were suggested and ranked based on a cost-benefit scheme to provide risk-informed safety measures. This methodology was consistent with other integrated safety management goals and tasks providing a site-wide risk informed decision tool to reduce hazardous conditions and focus resources on high-risk safety issues. As part of the issue management plan, this methodology was incorporated at the issue collection level and training was provided to management to better familiarize decision-makers with concepts of safety and risk. This prioritization methodology and issue dissemination procedure will be discussed. Results of issue prioritization and training efforts will be summarized. Difficulties and advantages of the process will be reported. Development and incorporation of this process into INEELs lessons learned reporting and the site-wide integrated safety management program will be shown with an emphasis on establishing self reliance and ownership of safety issues.

Novack, Steven David; Marshall, Frances Mc Clellan; Stromberg, Howard Merion; Grant, Gary Michael

1999-06-01

362

Issue Management Risk Ranking Systems  

SciTech Connect

Thousands of safety issues have been collected on-line at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) as part of the Issue Management Plan. However, there has been no established approach to prioritize collected and future issues. The authors developed a methodology, based on hazards assessment, to identify and risk rank over 5000 safety issues collected at INEEL. This approach required that it was easily applied and understandable for site adaptation and commensurate with the Integrated Safety Plan. High-risk issues were investigated and mitigative/preventive measures were suggested and ranked based on a cost-benefit scheme to provide risk-informed safety measures. This methodology was consistent with other integrated safety management goals and tasks providing a site-wide risk-informed decision tool to reduce hazardous conditions and focus resources on high-risk safety issues. As part of the issue management plan, this methodology was incorporated at the issue collection level and training was provided to management to better familiarize decision-makers with concepts of safety and risk. This prioritization methodology and issue dissemination procedure will be discussed. Results of issue prioritization and training efforts will be summarized. Difficulties and advantages of the process will be reported. Development and incorporation of this process into INEEL's lessons learned reporting and the site-wide integrated safety management program will be shown with an emphasis on establishing self reliance and ownership of safety issues.

F. M. Marshall; G. M. Grant; H. M. Stromberg; S. D. Novack

1999-06-01

363

Performance of indigenous, Khaki Campbell and their reciprocal crossbred layer ducks under different management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. The performance of indigenous ducks (ID), Khaki Campbell (KC) and their reciprocal crossbred layers was studied from 19 to 58 weeks of age. For each genotype, 4?×?18 ducks (3 males?+ 15 females) were reared under a semi-intensive system (SIS) and an intensive system (IS) with standard management, and 4?×?50 ducks (8 males?+?42 females) were reared in an extensive system

A. R. Nageswara; V. Ramasubba Reddy; V. Ravindra Reddy

2005-01-01

364

Development of a change management system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The complexity and interdependence of software on a computer system can create a situation where a solution to one problem causes failures in dependent software. In the computer industry, software problems arise and are often solved with 'quick and dirty' solutions. But in implementing these solutions, documentation about the solution or user notification of changes is often overlooked, and new problems are frequently introduced because of insufficient review or testing. These problems increase when numerous heterogeneous systems are involved. Because of this situation, a change management system plays an integral part in the maintenance of any multisystem computing environment. At the NASA Ames Advanced Computational Facility (ACF), the Online Change Management System (OCMS) was designed and developed to manage the changes being applied to its multivendor computing environment. This paper documents the research, design, and modifications that went into the development of this change management system (CMS).

Parks, Cathy Bonifas

1993-01-01

365

System for managing risk in employee travel  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A system for managing risk in employee travel may control access by users to the travel risk management system. The travel risk management system may receive and store company information for a client company subscribing to the travel risk management system, and allow activation code packages to be defined for allowing a specified number of activation codes to be generated for the subscribing client company. Once the activation code packages are defined, the specified number of activation codes may be generated and assigned to employee's of the subscribing client company. The system may provide for defining super admin users authorized to input client company information and define activation code packages, and client admin users authorized to select activation code packages, and generate and assign the activation codes to users.

2014-03-04

366

Curved straight neutron guide system with uniform spatial intensity distribution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The spatial intensity distribution of neutrons emerging from a curved guide is asymmetric, and straight guide sections are sometimes appended to curved guides to make the intensity distribution more nearly uniform. For idealized uniform illumination and in the perfect reflectivity approximation, the spatial-angular acceptance at the exit of the combination can be made exactly uniform for a range of long wavelengths by using a sufficiently long straight section, together with a curved guide whose outer wall coating has a critical angle slightly greater than those of the other guide walls. We refer to this as a "phase space tailoring guide" where the coatings on the inner wall and straight section are used to define the required divergence at the end of the guide. Increasing the critical angle of the outer wall of the curved section reduces the characteristic wavelength of the curved guide as well as the wavelength at which ideal uniformity can be obtained. The outer wall coating need only be of sufficiently high critical angle to fill the transmittable phase space area of the straight guide uniformly to adequately short wavelength.

Mildner, D. F. R.; Cook, J. C.

2008-07-01

367

Operable Data Management for Ocean Observing Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As oceanographic observing systems become more numerous and complex, data management solutions must follow. Most existing oceanographic data management systems fall into one of three categories: they have been developed as dedicated solutions, with limited application to other observing systems; they expect that data will be pre-processed into well-defined formats, such as netCDF; or they are conceived as robust, generic data management solutions, with complexity (high) and maturity and adoption rates (low) to match. Each approach has strengths and weaknesses; no approach yet fully addresses, nor takes advantage of, the sophistication of ocean observing systems as they are now conceived. In this presentation we describe critical data management requirements for advanced ocean observing systems, of the type envisioned by ORION and IOOS. By defining common requirements -- functional, qualitative, and programmatic -- for all such ocean observing systems, the performance and nature of the general data management solution can be characterized. Issues such as scalability, maintaining metadata relationships, data access security, visualization, and operational flexibility suggest baseline architectural characteristics, which may in turn lead to reusable components and approaches. Interoperability with other data management systems, with standards-based solutions in metadata specification and data transport protocols, and with the data management infrastructure envisioned by IOOS and ORION, can also be used to define necessary capabilities. Finally, some requirements for the software infrastructure of ocean observing systems can be inferred. Early operational results and lessons learned, from development and operations of MBARI ocean observing systems, are used to illustrate key requirements, choices, and challenges. Reference systems include the Monterey Ocean Observing System (MOOS), its component software systems (Software Infrastructure and Applications for MOOS, and the Shore Side Data System), and the Autonomous Ocean Sampling Network (AOSN).

Chavez, F. P.; Graybeal, J. B.; Godin, M. A.

2004-12-01

368

Management Information Gleaned from Automated Library Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the need for automated library systems to provide management information to aid in decision making focuses on the automatic generation of reports. Examples of management information generated in collection development, acquisitions and serials, cataloging, online catalogs and circulation are described as well as possible uses of this…

Hawks, Carol Pitts

1988-01-01

369

Cybernetics and network management (viable system modeling)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a recursive modeling method which could be used to conceptualize, design, and develop complex network management structures. It would also enhance the scope for developing and enforcing standards. Today most network management systems concentrate on the alarm handling issues, failing to recognize that all data collected about a network are high valued, providing inputs to many levels

R. V. Latin

1991-01-01

370

Bolstering Knowledge Management Systems with Appreciative Inquiry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both Knowledge Management and Appreciative Inquiry attempt to amplify human and organizational capacities by leveraging the best of each. Whereas knowledge management systems aim to help identifying the substantive organizational knowledge in its broadest sense and leveraging it to benefit the organization and its stakeholders, the appreciative inquiry methodology is also about the search for the best in people, their

Michel Avital

2004-01-01

371

Buffer Management for Video Database Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Future multimedia information systems are likely to manage thousands of videos with various lengths and display requirements. Mismatch of playback and delivery rates of compressed video data requires sophisticated buffer management algorithms to guarantee smooth playback of video data. In this paper, we address some of the many design and operational issues including buffer size requirements, refreshing policies, and support

Doron Rotem; J. Leon Zhao

1995-01-01

372

Towards Eco-friendly Database Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Database management systems (DBMSs) have largely ignored the task of managing the energy consumed during query processing. Both economical and environmental factors now require that DBMSs pay close attention to energy consumption. In this paper we approach this issue by considering energy consumption as a first-class performance goal for query processing in a DBMS. We present two concrete techniques that

Willis Lang; Jignesh M. Patel

2009-01-01

373

Multi-Agent Corporate Memory Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: This paper presents an approach to design a multi-agent system managing a corporatememory in the form of a distributed semantic web and describes the resulting architecture. Thesystem was designed during the CoMMA European project (Corporate Memory Managementthrough Agents) and aims at helping users in the management of a corporate memory, facilitatingthe creation, dissemination, transmission and reuse of knowledge in

Fabien Gandon; Agostino Poggi; Giovanni Rimassa; Paola Turci

2002-01-01

374

Operations management system for continuous flow manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Semiconductor manufacturing, like other industries, has to manage quality, cost, throughput and serviceability to continuously satisfy its customers and improve its performance. We have devised with the help of IBM Consulting Group a fully operational and practical operations management system based on ranges (i.e. one day sections of our production line). We have used novel approaches (modelling, design of experiments)

O. Ruelle

1996-01-01

375

Information Systems for Coastal Zone Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A workshop in Information Systems for Coastal Zone Management was sponsored by the University of Rhode Island's Center for Ocean Management Studies and was held on June 22-23, 1978. The objectives of the workshop were to discuss: (1) the role of existing ...

L. Brockmeier

1978-01-01

376

An Integrated Knowledge Management Development System (IKMDS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we address the problem of how to integrate diverse aspects of knowledge management into an integrated model that would increase understanding of how to depict knowledge management from the perspective of systems methodology, and would help to overcome the gap between knowledge creation and knowledge adoption. We propose a Committing, Convincing, Adjusting World and Adjusting Self (CmCvAwAs)

Cathal M. Brugha; Rong Du; Shizhong Ai

2008-01-01

377

A Rectourethral Fistula due to Transrectal High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Treatment: Diagnosis and Management  

PubMed Central

Colovesical fistula (CVF) is an abnormal connection between the enteric and the urinary systems. The rectourethral fistula (RUF) is a possible but extremely rare complication of treatment of prostate cancer with “transrectal High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) treatment.” We present a case of CVF due to HIFU treatment of recurrent prostate cancer. The case was assessed with cystography completed with a pelvic CT scan—with MPR, MIP, and VR reconstruction—before emptying the bladder. Since the CT scan confirmed that the fistula involved solely the urethra and excluded even a minimal involvement of the bladder, it was possible to employ a conservative treatment by positioning a Foley catheter of monthly duration, in order to allow the urethra to rest. Still today, after 6 months, the patient is in a good clinical condition and has not shown yet signs of a recurrence of the fistula.

Fiaschetti, Valeria; Manenti, Guglielmo; Di Poce, Isabelle; Fornari, Maria; Ricci, Aurora; Finazzi Agro, Enrico; Simonetti, Giovanni

2012-01-01

378

A Rectourethral Fistula due to Transrectal High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Treatment: Diagnosis and Management.  

PubMed

Colovesical fistula (CVF) is an abnormal connection between the enteric and the urinary systems. The rectourethral fistula (RUF) is a possible but extremely rare complication of treatment of prostate cancer with "transrectal High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) treatment." We present a case of CVF due to HIFU treatment of recurrent prostate cancer. The case was assessed with cystography completed with a pelvic CT scan-with MPR, MIP, and VR reconstruction-before emptying the bladder. Since the CT scan confirmed that the fistula involved solely the urethra and excluded even a minimal involvement of the bladder, it was possible to employ a conservative treatment by positioning a Foley catheter of monthly duration, in order to allow the urethra to rest. Still today, after 6 months, the patient is in a good clinical condition and has not shown yet signs of a recurrence of the fistula. PMID:23304612

Fiaschetti, Valeria; Manenti, Guglielmo; Di Poce, Isabelle; Fornari, Maria; Ricci, Aurora; Finazzi Agrò, Enrico; Simonetti, Giovanni

2012-01-01

379

Cooperative Autonomic Management in Dynamic Distributed Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The centralized management of large distributed systems is often impractical, particularly when the both the topology and status of the system change dynamically. This paper proposes an approach to application-centric self-management in large distributed systems consisting of a collection of autonomic components that join and leave the system dynamically. Cooperative autonomic components self-organize into a dynamically created overlay network. Through local information sharing with neighbors, each component gains access to global information as needed for optimizing performance of applications. The approach has been validated and evaluated by developing a decentralized autonomic system consisting of multiple autonomic application managers previously developed for the In-VIGO grid-computing system. Using analytical results from complex random network and measurements done in a prototype system, we demonstrate the robustness, self-organization and adaptability of our approach, both theoretically and experimentally.

Xu, Jing; Zhao, Ming; Fortes, José A. B.

380

Managing Evolution in Software-Engineering Knowledge Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge is not static chunks of information, but dynamic in the sense that its value or relevance evolves based on continuously changing context. Traditional approaches in knowledge management systems rely on accumulating as much knowledge units as possible. However, less attention is paid to the evolution of captured knowledge while any change in the context of captured knowledge has to

Abdulmajid Hissen Mohamed

2006-01-01

381

Housing Management: Planning, Design and Construction Management System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is part of the Public Housing Management Improvement Program. This part of the program outlines guidelines by which the production of adequate low-income housing may be administered by public housing authorities. This four-part system includes ...

1976-01-01

382

ADAMS: AIRLAB data management system user's guide  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The AIRLAB Data Management System (ADAMS) is an online environment that supports research at NASA's AIRLAB. ADAMS provides an easy to use interactive interface that eases the task of documenting and managing information about experiments and improves communication among project members. Data managed by ADAMS includes information about experiments, data sets produced, software and hardware available in AIRLAB as well as that used in a particular experiment, and an on-line engineer's notebook. The User's Guide provides an overview of the ADAMS system as well as details of the operations available within ADAMS. A tutorial section takes the user step-by-step through a typical ADAMS session. ADAMS runs under the VAX/VMS operating system and uses the ORACLE database management system and DEC/FMS (the Forms Management System). ADAMS can be run from any VAX connected via DECnet to the ORACLE host VAX. The ADAMS system is designed for simplicity, so interactions within the underlying data management system and communications network are hidden from the user.

Conrad, C. L.; Ingogly, W. F.; Lauterbach, L. A.

1986-01-01

383

Automated Traffic Management System and Method  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A data management system and method that enables acquisition, integration, and management of real-time data generated at different rates, by multiple heterogeneous incompatible data sources. The system achieves this functionality by using an expert system to fuse data from a variety of airline, airport operations, ramp control, and air traffic control tower sources, to establish and update reference data values for every aircraft surface operation. The system may be configured as a real-time airport surface traffic management system (TMS) that electronically interconnects air traffic control, airline data, and airport operations data to facilitate information sharing and improve taxi queuing. In the TMS operational mode, empirical data shows substantial benefits in ramp operations for airlines, reducing departure taxi times by about one minute per aircraft in operational use, translating as $12 to $15 million per year savings to airlines at the Atlanta, Georgia airport. The data management system and method may also be used for scheduling the movement of multiple vehicles in other applications, such as marine vessels in harbors and ports, trucks or railroad cars in ports or shipping yards, and railroad cars in switching yards. Finally, the data management system and method may be used for managing containers at a shipping dock, stock on a factory floor or in a warehouse, or as a training tool for improving situational awareness of FAA tower controllers, ramp and airport operators, or commercial airline personnel in airfield surface operations.

Glass, Brian J. (Inventor); Spirkovska, Liljana (Inventor); McDermott, William J. (Inventor); Reisman, Ronald J. (Inventor); Gibson, James (Inventor); Iverson, David L. (Inventor)

2000-01-01

384

The configuration management program for the Emergency Management Support System  

SciTech Connect

Emergency response software is used increasingly by the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Emergency Management Project (EMP) personnel at Hanford Site. This software must be reliable, of high quality, and capable of performing critical functions to support assessment of actual or potential consequences of any hazardous accidents onsite or events having potential offsite impacts. To better control the software and ensure its suitability for use as a tool to protect employees, the public, and environment, a method for specifying and certifying its capabilities and documenting its development and implementation was needed. A team of EMP staff, composed of personnel from Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) and Boeing Computer Services- Richland (BCSR) under the direction of PNL EMP, responded to this need by developing a software configuration management program (CMP). This report documents the development of the CMP, including the strategies upon which the CMP is based, and describes the program as it has been implemented for EMS System software. The program relies on the integration of its three primary elements: the configuration management staff, tools, and process. Configuration management staff run the program, using specially designed configuration management forms to guide, document, and track the life cycle of the software. The configuration management process itself is reflected in the instructive forms and summarized in flowcharts representing each phase of the process -- from requirements specification through implementation and maintenance. 7 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

Probasco, K M [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Stephan, E G [Boeing Computer Services Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1991-08-01

385

Data Base Management System Configuration Specification.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The functional requirements and the configuration of the data base management system are described. Techniques and technology which will enable more efficient and timely transfer of useful data from the sensor to the user, extraction of information by the...

J. W. Neiers

1979-01-01

386

Computerized Management Information Systems and Organizational Structures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The computerized management of information systems and organizational structures is discussed. The subjects presented are: (1) critical factors favoring centralization and decentralization of organizations, (2) classification of organizations by relative ...

M. R. Sertel Z. S. Zannetos

1970-01-01

387

MSFC Propulsion Systems Department Knowledge Management Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This slide presentation reviews the Knowledge Management (KM) project of the Propulsion Systems Department at Marshall Space Flight Center. KM is needed to support knowledge capture, preservation and to support an information sharing culture. The presenta...

P. A. Caraccioli

2007-01-01

388

Blood Information Management and Control System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document contains the operational specifications for the 4 major processing modules of the Blood Bank Information and Management Control System(BIMACS): Allocation, Inventory Status, Main Donor and Rare Donor. Included with the Inventory Status descri...

A. M. Josephson G. Samuels M. O'Hara

1971-01-01

389

Nonlinear Programming Methods in Reservoir System Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In a recent state-of-the-art review of optimization methods for managing reservoir systems, it was concluded that nonlinear programming methods had less viability than other, more commonly used alternatives. The report considers the status of existing non...

R. E. Rosenthal M. Hanscom R. S. Dembo

1983-01-01

390

Closed-Loop Hybrid Flight Management Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of our research is to develop a methodology for the modeling, design, verification of flight management systems for the next generation of airspace operations. The overall point of view taken is shown schematically by a block diagram.

Meyer, George; Sridhar, Banavar (Technical Monitor)

1997-01-01

391

Universal Customer Relationship Management Support System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Article shows some solutions which are basics of building an application called Customer Relationship Management System in a company. There are presented technics of creating universal applications and new J2EE technologies and their use.

Szymon Uczciwek; Bartosz Sakowicz; Andrzej Napieralski

2007-01-01

392

Management Information System for Rural Transit Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Phase I of the study evaluates nine representative computerized management information systems in rural and small urban areas to compare and contrast their respective capabilities, ease of use, and cost. No comprehensive automated MIS was available at a c...

J. Collura P. W. Shuldiner R. Bonsignore P. McOwen C. Shuldiner

1984-01-01

393

Los Alamos Plutonium Facility Waste Management System  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the new computer-based transuranic (TRU) Waste Management System (WMS) being implemented at the Plutonium Facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The Waste Management System is a distributed computer processing system stored in a Sybase database and accessed by a graphical user interface (GUI) written in Omnis7. It resides on the local area network at the Plutonium Facility and is accessible by authorized TRU waste originators, count room personnel, radiation protection technicians (RPTs), quality assurance personnel, and waste management personnel for data input and verification. Future goals include bringing outside groups like the LANL Waste Management Facility on-line to participate in this streamlined system. The WMS is changing the TRU paper trail into a computer trail, saving time and eliminating errors and inconsistencies in the process.

Smith, K.; Montoya, A.; Wieneke, R.; Wulff, D.; Smith, C.; Gruetzmacher, K.

1997-02-01

394

Social Responsibility as a Management Control System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this report, the authors examine how businesses with social responsibility as part of their core strategy use related management control systems within the business strategy control model set forth by Professor Robert Simons of Harvard Business School....

A. A. Barger W. B. Zabicki

2004-01-01

395

SRI-NURE Hydrogeochemical Data Management System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A data management system was developed to store and retrieve all physical, chemical, and geological data collected for the NURE Hydrogeochemical Reconnaissance program by the Savannah River Laboratory (SRL). In 1975, SRL accepted responsibility for hydrog...

J. H. Maddox H. F. Wren H. C. Honeck C. R. Tharin M. D. Howard

1976-01-01

396

State of Nebraska Pavement Management Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Pavement Management System described in the following pages basically fulfills the requirements outlined in the Federal register, Vol. 58, No. 229, Paragraph 500.207. This was accomplished with the 2004 completion of the Pavement Optimization Program ...

2005-01-01

397

ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT / POLLUTION PREVENTION RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

Goal 8.4 Improve Environmental Systems Management (Formally Pollution Prevention and New Technology) Background The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has developed and evaluated tools and technologies to monitor, prevent, control, and clean-up pollution through...

398

Shipboard Ammunition Management System: A Database Approach.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis concerns the analysis, design, and partial implementation of a software package to automate the present manual system of conventional ammunition management onboard most ships of the U.S. Navy. Structured analysis and design techniques are util...

S. L. Smith

1987-01-01

399

The Recovery Manager of the System R Database Manager  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recovery subsystem of an experimental data management system is described and evaluated. The transactmn concept allows application programs to commit, abort, or partially undo their effects. The DO-UNDO-REDO protocol allows new recoverable types and operations to be added to the recovery system Apphcation programs can record data m the transaction log to facilitate application-specific recovery. Transaction undo and redo

Jim Gray; Paul R. McJones; Mike W. Blasgen; Bruce G. Lindsay; Raymond A. Lorie; Thomas G. Price; Franco Putzolu; Irving L. Traiger

1981-01-01

400

Search Support in Data Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In consequence of the change in the nature of data management systems the requirements for search support have shifted. In\\u000a the early days of data management systems, efficient access techniques and optimization strategies for exact match queries\\u000a had been the main focus. Most of the problems in this field are satisfactorily solved today and new types of applications\\u000a for data

Andreas Henrich

2005-01-01

401

A resource management architecture for metacomputing systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Metacomputing systems are intended to support remote and\\/or concurrent use of geographically distributed computational resources.\\u000a Resource management in such systems is complicated by five concerns that do not typically arise in other situations: site\\u000a autonomy and heterogeneous substrates at the resources, and application requirements for policy extensibility, co-allocation,\\u000a and online control. We describe a resource management architecture that addresses these

Karl Czajkowski; Ian Foster; Nick Karonis; Carl Kesselman; Stuart Martin; Warren Smith; Steven Tuecke

1999-01-01

402

46 CFR 16.500 - Management Information System requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Management Information System requirements. 16.500 Section...AND SEAMEN CHEMICAL TESTING Management Information System § 16.500 Management Information System requirements. (a) Data...

2013-10-01

403

48 CFR 2452.242-71 - Contract management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Contract management system. 2452.242-71 Section... 2452.242-71 Contract management system. As prescribed in 2442...following clause: Contract Management System (FEB 2006) (a) The...

2013-10-01

404

48 CFR 52.234-4 - Earned Value Management System.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Earned Value Management System. 52.234-4 Section 52... 52.234-4 Earned Value Management System. As prescribed in 34.203...following clause: Earned Value Management System (JUL 2006) (a) The...

2013-10-01

405

23 CFR 973.204 - Management systems requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...description of each management system; (2) A process to operate and maintain the management systems and their associated databases; (3) A process for...cost-effectively; (g) All management systems shall use databases with a common or...

2010-04-01

406

23 CFR 973.204 - Management systems requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...description of each management system; (2) A process to operate and maintain the management systems and their associated databases; (3) A process for...cost-effectively; (g) All management systems shall use databases with a common or...

2009-04-01

407

A resource management architecture for metacomputing systems.  

SciTech Connect

Metacomputing systems are intended to support remote and/or concurrent use of geographically distributed computational resources. Resource management in such systems is complicated by five concerns that do not typically arise in other situations: site autonomy and heterogeneous substrates at the resources, and application requirements for policy extensibility, co-allocation, and online control. We describe a resource management architecture that addresses these concerns. This architecture distributes the resource management problem among distinct local manager, resource broker, and resource co-allocator components and defines an extensible resource specification language to exchange information about requirements. We describe how these techniques have been implemented in the context of the Globus metacomputing toolkit and used to implement a variety of different resource management strategies. We report on our experiences applying our techniques in a large testbed, GUSTO, incorporating 15 sites, 330 computers, and 3600 processors.

Czajkowski, K.; Foster, I.; Karonis, N.; Kesselman, C.; Martin, S.; Smith, W.; Tuecke, S.

1999-08-24

408

Dynamic power management for portable systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Portable systems require long battery lifetime while still delivering high performance. Dynamic power management (DPM) policies trade off the performance for the power consumption at the system level in portable devices. In this work we present the time-indexed SMDP model (TISMDP) that we use to derive optimal policy for DPM in portable systems. TISMDP model is needed to handle the

Tajana Simunic; Luca Benini; Peter W. Glynn; Giovanni De Micheli

2000-01-01

409

Computer aided evaluation of learning management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning management systems (LMSs) are software applications that comprise a suite of tools for learning and online teaching. There are many commercial and open source LMSs that can be found on the web. Because there are many LMS systems in the market place, one of the problems facing a user is how to choose a system that can meet the

Nadire Cavus; Ala’a M. Momani

2009-01-01

410

Authorizations in relational database management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes two major extensions to the authorization model for System R relational database management system. The first extension concerns the revoke operation. The revised model provides for a new type of revoke operation, called noncascading revoke, in addition to the System R cascading revoke operation. Unlike cascading revoke, noncascading revoke operation does not recursively remove privileges from users.

Elisa Bertino; Pierangela Samarati; Sushil Jajodia

1993-01-01

411

STRUDEL: A Website Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionThe growth of the World-Wide Web has created a newkind of data management problem: building and maintainingWeb sites. Building a Web site involves severaltasks, such as choosing what information will be availableat the site, organizing that information in individualpages or in graphs of linked pages, and specifyingthe visual presentation of pages in HTML. Creating andmanaging large sites is tedious, because

Mary F. Fernández; Daniela Florescu; Jaewoo Kang; Alon Y. Levy; Dan Suciu

1997-01-01

412

System safety education focused on system management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

System safety is defined and characteristics of the system are outlined. Some of the principle characteristics include role of humans in hazard analysis, clear language for input and output, system interdependence, self containment, and parallel analysis of elements.

Grose, V. L.

1971-01-01

413

System R: A Relational Data Base Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

A relational approach makes this experimental data base management system unusually easy to install and use. Some of the decisions made in System R design in order to enhance usability also offer major bonuses in other areas.

Morton M. Astrahan; Mike W. Blasgen; Donald D. Chamberlin; Jim Gray; W. Frank King III; Bruce G. Lindsay; Raymond A. Lorie; James W. Mehl; Thomas G. Price; Gianfranco R. Putzolu; Mario Schkolnick; Patricia G. Selinger; Donald R. Slutz; H. Raymond Strong; Paolo Tiberio; Irving L. Traiger; Bradford W. Wade; Robert A. Yost

1979-01-01

414

Blood Information Management and Control System. System Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document contains a systems oriented description of the Blood Bank Information Management and Control System(BIMACS). The four major components of BIMACS are: Main Donor, Rare Donor, Allocation, and Inventory Status. The document includes a descriptio...

A. M. Josephson G. Samuels M. O'Hara

1971-01-01

415

X-33/RLV System Health Management/Vehicle Health Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To reduce operations costs, Reusable Launch Vehicles (RLVS) must include highly reliable robust subsystems which are designed for simple repair access with a simplified servicing infrastructure, and which incorporate expedited decision-making about faults and anomalies. A key component for the Single Stage To Orbit (SSTO) RLV system used to meet these objectives is System Health Management (SHM). SHM incorporates Vehicle Health Management (VHM), ground processing associated with the vehicle fleet (GVHM), and Ground Infrastructure Health Management (GIHM). The primary objective of SHM is to provide an automated and paperless health decision, maintenance, and logistics system. Sanders, a Lockheed Martin Company, is leading the design, development, and integration of the SHM system for RLV and for X-33 (a sub-scale, sub-orbit Advanced Technology Demonstrator). Many critical technologies are necessary to make SHM (and more specifically VHM) practical, reliable, and cost effective. This paper will present the X-33 SHM design which forms the baseline for the RLV SHM, and it will discuss applications of advanced technologies to future RLVs. In addition, this paper will describe a Virtual Design Environment (VDE) which is being developed for RLV. This VDE will allow for system design engineering, as well as program management teams, to accurately and efficiently evaluate system designs, analyze the behavior of current systems, and predict the feasibility of making smooth and cost-efficient transitions from older technologies to newer ones. The RLV SHM design methodology will reduce program costs, decrease total program life-cycle time, and ultimately increase mission success.

Mouyos, William; Wangu, Srimal

1998-01-01

416

Polycythemia in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Risk Factors, Symptoms, Pattern, and Management Controversy  

PubMed Central

Background: Polycythemia (PC) is defined as venous hematocrit (hct) ?65%.? Its incidence is high among certain risk factors (RFs). Its management is controversy. Aims: To determine: (1) The incidence of PC in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). (2) Most common RF, symptoms, and laboratory abnormalities (LA) associated with PC and their effect on the length of hospital stay (LOS). (3) Whether noninvasive interventions are effective in reducing hct. (4) Hct pattern of PC neonates. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: NICU at a maternity and children hospital. Materials and Methods: Records review of all neonates from March 2011 to August 2013. Inclusions criteria were: (1) Venous hct ?65%. (2) Neonates born in our institution. (3) Early umbilical cord clamping. (4) Gestational age ?34 weeks. Statistical Analysis: Chi-square and multiple regression analysis. Results: One hundred and one PC neonates were eligible. Incidence of PC in our NICU is 14.5%. The most common RF, symptoms, and LA were: Small for gestational age, jaundice and hypoglycemia respectively. Tachypnea (? P - 0.04) and oliguria (P - 0.03) significantly prolonged LOS. Noninvasive interventions or observation could not reduce the hct significantly (P - 0.24). The hcts mean peaked maximally at a mean of 2.8 h of age. Conclusion: PC incidence in our NICU is higher than the reported incidence in healthy newborns. Most of the PC neonates were either symptomatic or having LA. Noninvasive interventions or observation were not effective in reducing hct in polycythemic neonates. Hct in both healthy and PC neonates peaked at the same pattern.

Alsafadi, Tariq Rushdi Mohieldeen; Hashmi, Saad Manzoor; Youssef, Hala Atta; Suliman, Awatif Khogali; Abbas, Haifa'A Mansour; Albaloushi, Mohammad Hakem

2014-01-01

417

Protocol management of severe traumatic brain injury in intensive care units: a systematic review.  

PubMed

To examine clinical trials and observational studies that compared use of management protocols (MPs) versus usual care for adult intensive care unit (ICU) patients with acute severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) on 6-month neurologic outcome (Glasgow Outcome Scale, GOS) and mortality, major electronic databases were searched from 1950 to April 18, 2011. Abstracts from major international meetings were searched to identify gray literature. A total of 6,151 articles were identified; 488 were reviewed in full and 13 studies were included. Data on patient and MP characteristics, outcomes and methodological quality were extracted. All 13 included studies were observational. A random effects model showed that use of MPs was associated with a favorable neurologic outcome (GOS 4 or 5) at 6 months (odds ratio [OR] and 95 % confidence interval [CI] 3.84 (2.47-5.96)) but not 12 months (OR, 95 % CI 0.87 (0.56-1.36)). Use of MPs was associated with reduced mortality at hospital discharge and 6 months (OR and 95 % CI 0.72 (0.45-1.14) and 0.33 (0.13-0.82) respectively), but not 12 months (OR, 95 % CI 0.79 (0.5-1.24)). Sources of heterogeneity included variation in study design, methodological quality, MP design, MP neurophysiologic endpoints, and type of ICU. MPs for severe TBI were associated with reductions in death and improved neurologic outcome. Although no definitive conclusions about the efficacy of MPs for severe TBI can be drawn from our study, these results should encourage the conduct of randomized controlled trials to more rigorously examine the efficacy of MPs for severe TBI. PMID:22890909

English, Shane W; Turgeon, Alexis F; Owen, Elliott; Doucette, Steve; Pagliarello, Giuseppe; McIntyre, Lauralyn

2013-02-01

418

Pavement Management Surveillance Systems Evaluation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study evaluates available pavement distress surveillance equipment and recommends a system of proven value to the Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. The requirements of the system are that it be able to provide summary data for pave...

M. Bradley

1988-01-01

419

Intense Flows in Librationally Driven Non-Axisymmetric Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present laboratory experimental results that demonstrate that librational forcing can drive intense motions of interior, low viscosity fluid layers. Longitudinal libration refers to small periodic changes in a satellite's mean rotation rate as it orbits a primary body. These libration studies are conducted using ellipsoidal acrylic containers filled with water. Particle image velocimetry (PIV) methods are used to measure the 2D velocity field in the equatorial plane over hundreds and thousands of libration cycles. In doing so we determine the coupled modes of the triadic resonance responsible for the instability that produces both intermittent and persistent turbulent motions in the bulk fluid. Additionally, we measure the amplitude and the growth rate for the instability and compare it with previous studies [1][2]. Excitation of global turbulence by librational forcing provides a mechanism for transferring rotational energy into fluid turbulence and thus may play an important role in the thermal evolution, interior dynamics, and magneto-hydrodynamics of librating bodies. [1] Cébron, D., M. Le Bars, J. Noir, J.M. Aurnou. (2012). Libration driven elliptical instability. Physics of Fluids 24, 061703. [2] Noir J., D. Cébron, M. Le Bars, A. Sauret, J.M. Aurnou (2012). Experimental study of libration-driven flows in non-axisymmetric containers, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 204-205, 1-10.

Grannan, A. M.; Le Bars, M.; Cebron, D.; Aurnou, J. M.

2013-12-01

420

MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING SYSTEM OF WASTE WATER DISPOSAL SYSTEMS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sewage works facilities consist of various assets groups. And there are many kinds of financial resources. In order to optimize the maintenance plan, and to secure the stability and sustainability of sewage works management, it is necessary to carry out financial simulation based on the life-cycle cost analysis. Furthermore, it is important to develop management accounting system that is interlinked with the financial accounting system, because many sewage administration bodies have their financial accounting systems as public enterprises. In this paper, a management accounting system, which is designed to provide basic information for asset management of sewage works facilities, is presented. Also the applicability of the management accounting system presented in this paper is examined through financial simulations.

Hori, Michihiro; Tsuruta, Takashi; Kaito, Kiyoyuki; Kobayashi, Kiyoshi

421

Greenhouse gas budget (CO2, CH4 and N2O) of intensively managed grassland following restoration.  

PubMed

The first full greenhouse gas (GHG) flux budget of an intensively managed grassland in Switzerland (Chamau) is presented. The three major trace gases, carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O) were measured with the eddy covariance (EC) technique. For CO2 concentrations, an open-path infrared gas analyzer was used, while N2O and CH4 concentrations were measured with a recently developed continuous-wave quantum cascade laser absorption spectrometer (QCLAS). We investigated the magnitude of these trace gas emissions after grassland restoration, including ploughing, harrowing, sowing, and fertilization with inorganic and organic fertilizers in 2012. Large peaks of N2O fluxes (20-50 nmol m(-2) s(-1) compared with a <5 nmol m(-2) s(-1) background) were observed during thawing of the soil after the winter period and after mineral fertilizer application followed by re-sowing in the beginning of the summer season. Nitrous oxide (N2O) fluxes were controlled by nitrogen input, plant productivity, soil water content and temperature. Management activities led to increased variations of N2O fluxes up to 14 days after the management event as compared with background fluxes measured during periods without management (<5 nmol m(-2) s(-1)). Fluxes of CO2 remained small until full plant development in early summer 2012. In contrast, methane emissions showed only minor variations over time. The annual GHG flux budget was dominated by N2O (48% contribution) and CO2 emissions (44%). CH4 flux contribution to the annual budget was only minor (8%). We conclude that recently developed multi-species QCLAS in an EC system open new opportunities to determine the temporal variation of N2O and CH4 fluxes, which further allow to quantify annual emissions. With respect to grassland restoration, our study emphasizes the key role of N2O and CO2 losses after ploughing, changing a permanent grassland from a carbon sink to a significant carbon source. PMID:24395474

Merbold, Lutz; Eugster, Werner; Stieger, Jacqueline; Zahniser, Mark; Nelson, David; Buchmann, Nina

2014-06-01

422

Extracting Overlay Invariants of Distributed Systems for Autonomic System Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many large-scale distributed systems have been built with great complexity to run Internet services. Due to the heterogeneity and dynamics of complex systems, it is very difficult to characterize their behavior precisely for system management. While we collect large amount of monitoring data from distributed systems as system observables, it is hard for us to interpret the data without constructing

Hanhuai Shan; Guofei Jiang; Kenji Yoshihira

2010-01-01

423

Database management systems for process safety.  

PubMed

Several elements of the process safety management regulation (PSM) require tracking and documentation of actions; process hazard analyses, management of change, process safety information, operating procedures, training, contractor safety programs, pre-startup safety reviews, incident investigations, emergency planning, and compliance audits. These elements can result in hundreds of actions annually that require actions. This tracking and documentation commonly is a failing identified in compliance audits, and is difficult to manage through action lists, spreadsheets, or other tools that are comfortably manipulated by plant personnel. This paper discusses the recent implementation of a database management system at a chemical plant and chronicles the improvements accomplished through the introduction of a customized system. The system as implemented modeled the normal plant workflows, and provided simple, recognizable user interfaces for ease of use. PMID:16360264

Early, William F

2006-03-17

424

An integrated scheduling and program management system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An integrated scheduling and program management system is being developed for the MMT Observatory (MMTO), Arizona, USA. A systems engineering approach is used to combine existing and new relational databases, spreadsheets, file storage systems, and web-based user interfaces into a single unified system. An overview of software design, data management, user interfaces, and techniques for performance assessment is presented. Goals of this system include streamlined data management and an optimized user experience. The MMTO has over a dozen different telescope configurations, including three secondary mirrors and a wide range of observing instruments. Scheduling is complex for the varying telescope configurations, limited available observing time, and appropriate astronomic conditions (e.g., lunar phase) for each science project. Scheduled telescope configurations can be used to perform safety checks of actual configuration during telescope operations. Programmatic information is automatically input into nightly telescope operator (TO) logs by the system. The TO's provide additional information into the system on telescope usage, observing conditions (e.g., weather conditions), and observatory closure (e.g., from instrument malfunction or inclement weather). All of this information is synthesized to assess telescope and observatory performance. Web interfaces to the system can be used by observers to submit information, such as travel plans, instrumentation requirements, and observing catalogs. A service request (SR) (i.e., trouble report) system has also been developed for tracking operational issues. The specific needs of the MMTO have been met through in-house software development of this integrated scheduling and program management system.

Porter, D.; Gibson, J. D.; Williams, G. G.

2012-09-01

425

System Management Software for Virtual Environments  

SciTech Connect

Recently there has been an increased interest in the use of system-level virtualization using mature solutions such as Xen, QEMU, or VMWare. These virtualization platforms are being used in distributed and parallel environments including high performance computing. The use of virtual machines within such environments introduces new challenges to system management. These include tedious tasks such as deploying para-virtualized host operating systems to support virtual machine execution or virtual overlay networks to connect these virtual machines. Additionally, there is the problem of machine definition and deployment, which is complicated by differentiation in the underlying virtualization technology. This paper discusses tools for the deployment and management of both host operating systems and virtual machines in clusters. We begin with an overview of system-level virtualization and move on to a description of tools that we have developed to aid with these environments. These tools extend prior work in the area of cluster installation, configuration and management.

Vallee, Geoffroy R [ORNL; Naughton, III, Thomas J [ORNL; Scott, Stephen L [ORNL

2007-01-01

426

Integrated Project Management System description. [UMTRAP Project  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project is a Department of Energy (DOE) designated Major System Acquisition (MSA). To execute and manage the Project mission successfully and to comply with the MSA requirements, the UMTRA Project Office ( Project Office'') has implemented and operates an Integrated Project Management System (IPMS). The Project Office is assisted by the Technical Assistance Contractor's (TAC) Project Integration and Control (PIC) Group in system operation. Each participant, in turn, provides critical input to system operation and reporting requirements. The IPMS provides a uniform structured approach for integrating the work of Project participants. It serves as a tool for planning and control, workload management, performance measurement, and specialized reporting within a standardized format. This system description presents the guidance for its operation. Appendices 1 and 2 contain definitions of commonly used terms and abbreviations and acronyms, respectively. 17 figs., 5 tabs.

Not Available

1987-03-01

427

Intensive Care Nursing Scoring System Part 2: Nursing interventions and nursing outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Different medical classifications and scoring systems have been developed to measure and compare intensive care outcomes in international contexts. Many of them, however, do not include outcome variables to describe autonomous nursing and its effects on the patient’s experiences and restrictions as a result of the onset and process of illness, or relatives’ or significant others’ distress in the intensive

Anita K. Pyykkö; Jouko Laurila; Tero I. Ala-Kokko; Maija Hentinen

2001-01-01

428

Dynamical Control of Irregular Intensity Fluctuations in a Chaotic Multimode Solid State Laser System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The diode laser pumped Nd:YAG (neodymium doped yttrium aluminum garnet) laser with an intracavity doubling KTP (potassium titanyl phosphate) is an all solid state laser system that can show chaotic intensity fluctuations when operated with at least three longitudinal modes. Irregular intensity fluctuations in the laser were stabilized by the technique of occasional proportional feedback (OPF), related to the control

Zelda Yvette N. Gills

1995-01-01

429

An Analysis of the Environments of Intense Convective Systems in West Africa in 2003  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We investigated the local- and regional-scale thermodynamical and dynamical environments associated with intense convective systems in West Africa during 2003. We identified convective system cases from TRMM microwave imagery, classifying each case by the system minimum 85-GHz brightness temperature and by the estimated elapsed time of propagation from high terrain. The speed of the mid-level jet, the magnitude of the low-level shear, and the surface equivalent potential temperature (theta(sub e)) were greater for the intense cases compared to the non-intense cases, although the differences between the means tended to be small, less than 3K for surface theta(sub e). Hypothesis testing of a series of commonly used intensity prediction metrics resulted in significant results only for low-level metrics such as convective available potential energy and not for any of the mid- or upper-level metrics such as 700-hPa theta(sub e). None of the environmental variables or intensity metrics by themselves or in combination appeared to be reliable direct predictors of intensity. In the regional scale analysis, the majority of intense convective systems occurred in the surface baroclinic zone where surface theta(sub e) exceeded 344 K and the 700-hPa zonal wind speeds were less than -6/ms. Fewer intense cases compared to non-intense cases were associated with African easterly wave troughs. Fewer than 25% of our cases occurred in environments with detectable Saharan dust loads, and the results for intense and non-intense cases were similar. Our results for the regional analysis were consistent with the seasonal movement of the WAM and the intertropical front, regional differences in topography, and AEW energetics.

Nicholls, Stephen D.; Mohr, Karen I.

2010-01-01

430

A Review of Consumer-Provided Services on Assertive Community Treatment and Intensive Case Management Teams: Implications for Future Research and Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Assertive community treatment (ACT) is an evidence-based practice that provides intensive, in vivo services for adults with severe mental illness. Some ACT and intensive case management teams have integrated consumers as team members with varying results. METHODS: The authors reviewed the literature examining the outcomes of having consumer providers on case management teams, with attention devoted to randomized controlled

Jennifer L. Wright-Berryman; Alan B. McGuire; Michelle P. Salyers

2011-01-01

431

Preweaning Productivity of Suckling Goats and Sheep in Guadeloupe (FWI) under Intensive Reproductive Rate and Grazing Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Guadeloupe, small ruminants are reared for meat production under pasture conditions. Intensive rotative grazing systems (irrigated, fertilized and high-stocked tropical pastures) allow satisfactory levels of production but generate high post-grazing residues. Experiments were designed to control these. A system in which residuals were mown (RM) was tested in comparison to the control system (residuals remained, RR). The same design

E. Ortega-Jimenez; G. Alexandre; R. Arquet; M. Mahieu; A. Xandé

2005-01-01

432

X-33/RLV System Health Management/ Vehicle Health Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To reduce operations cost, the RLV must include the following elements: highly reliable, robust subsystems designed for simple repair access with a simplified servicing infrastructure and incorporating expedited decision making about faults and anomalies. A key component for the Single Stage to Orbit (SSTO) RLV System used to meet these objectives is System Health Management (SHM). SHM deals with the vehicle component- Vehicle Health Management (VHM), the ground processing associated with the fleet (GVHM) and the Ground Infrastructure Health Management (GIHM). The objective is to provide an automated collection and paperless health decision, maintenance and logistics system. Many critical technologies are necessary to make the SHM (and more specifically VHM) practical, reliable and cost effective. Sanders is leading the design, development and integration of the SHM system for RLV and X-33 SHM (a sub-scale, sub-orbit Advanced Technology Demonstrator). This paper will present the X-33 SHM design which forms the baseline for RLV SHM. This paper will also discuss other applications of these technologies.

Garbos, Raymond J.; Mouyos, William

1998-01-01

433

SIVA: a hybrid knowledge-and-model-based advisory system for intensive care ventilators.  

PubMed

The Sheffield Intelligent Ventilator Advisor is a hybrid knowledge-and-model-based advisory system designed for intensive care ventilator management. It consists of a top-level fuzzy rule-based module to give the qualitative component of the advice, and a lower-level model-based module to give the quantitative component of the advice. It is structured to offer adaptive patient-specific decision support. It can be operated in either invasive or noninvasive modes depending on the availability of data from invasive clinical measurements. The user can choose between the full-advisory mode and the clinician-directed mode. The advice given by the top-level module has been validated against retrospective real patient data and compared with intensivists expertise and performance under simulation conditions. Closed-loop simulations were performed assuming various clinical scenarios including sudden changes in the patient parameters such as the shunt or deadspace with noise and disturbances. They have shown that the advice given was appropriate and the blood gases resulting from the closed-loop decision support were acceptable. The system was also shown to be tolerant to noise and disturbances. It is implemented in MATLAB/SIMULINK and LabVIEW. PMID:15217261

Kwok, Hoi-Fei; Linkens, Derek A; Mahfouf, Mahdi; Mills, Gary H

2004-06-01

434

SWAT application in intensive irrigation systems: Model modification, calibration and validation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

SummaryThe Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) is a well established, distributed, eco-hydrologic model. However, using the study case of an agricultural intensive irrigated watershed, it was shown that all the model versions are not able to appropriately reproduce the total streamflow in such system when the irrigation source is outside the watershed. The objective of this study was to modify the SWAT2005 version for correctly simulating the main hydrological processes. Crop yield, total streamflow, total suspended sediment (TSS) losses and phosphorus load calibration and validation were performed using field survey information and water quantity and quality data recorded during 2008 and 2009 years in Del Reguero irrigated watershed in Spain. The goodness of the calibration and validation results was assessed using five statistical measures, including the Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency (NSE). Results indicated that the average annual crop yield and actual evapotranspiration estimations were quite satisfactory. On a monthly basis, the values of NSE were 0.90 (calibration) and 0.80 (validation) indicating that the modified model could reproduce accurately the observed streamflow. The TSS losses were also satisfactorily estimated (NSE = 0.72 and 0.52 for the calibration and validation steps). The monthly temporal patterns and all the statistical parameters indicated that the modified SWAT-IRRIG model adequately predicted the total phosphorus (TP) loading. Therefore, the model could be used to assess the impacts of different best management practices on nonpoint phosphorus losses in irrigated systems.

Dechmi, Farida; Burguete, Javier; Skhiri, Ahmed

2012-11-01

435

Training Issues Associated with COTS-based Information Intensive Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A literature review and survey responses from 194 information technology and aerospace contractors identified methods and outcomes of training delivery. Results were used to develop a framework for evaluating and selecting commercial off-the-shelf systems (COTS) for operations and maintenance training. (Contains 11 references.) (SK)

Farr, John V.; Verma, Dinesh

2002-01-01

436

Radiation Intensity of the PAVE PAWS Radar System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In May 1978, when the U.S. Air Force requested the National Research Council to assess certain aspects of its newest missile defense warning system then under construction at the Otis Air Force Base on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, the facility was the subject...

1979-01-01

437

GNSS-based emergency management system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Public safety and public service is a particularly challenging task. The questions of how to use the limited resources efficiently, how to improve the Government's emergency rapid response and ability of risk resistance, and how to provide a more efficient emergency service for the public, have increasingly become the focus to strengthen urban management. Emergency Response Management System is a highly efficient and powerful command system dealing with natural and social disasters, by using all aspects of the force being gathered in a short period of time, sudden events can be handled efficiently, and further development of the incident can be controlled. In this paper, based on the analysis of development status of the emergency management system at home and abroad, and the key technologies of the emergency management system based on GNSS, research and development on emergency command system based on GNSS has been done. Meanwhile, test in Sichuan earthquake has also been carried out. Practice in Sichuan province earthquake relief work has proved that the emergency management command system based on GNSS can play the advantage function and exert the maximum potential, and can play the role of "lifeline" in the critical moment.

Wu, Yuhang; Chen, Xiuwan; Ma, Lei

2009-06-01

438

Semantic Web and Intelligent Learning Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter emphasizes integration of the Semantic Web technologies in intelligent learning systems by giving a proposal for an intelligent learning management system (ILMS) architecture we named Multitutor. This system is a Web-based environment for the development the e-learning courses and for the use of them by the students. Multitutor is designed as a Web-classroom client-server system, ontologically founded, and

Vladan Deved

439

Manager's assistant systems for space system planning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes a class of knowledge-based 'assistant' systems for space system planning. Derived from technology produced for the DARPA/USAF Pilot's Associate program, these assistant systems help the human planner by doing the bookkeeping to maintain plan data and executing the procedures and heuristics currently used by the human planner to define, assess, diagnose, and revise plans. Intelligent systems for Space Station Freedom assembly sequence planning and Advanced Launch System modeling will be presented as examples. Ongoing NASA-funded work on a framework supporting the development of such tools will also be described.

Bewley, William L.; Burnard, Robert; Edwards, Gary E.; Shoop, James

1992-01-01

440

Effectiveness research of quality management system on verification risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses risk management theory considering that the effectiveness of the quality management system can be reflected by the effectiveness of quality management system. To improve the effectiveness of quality management system certification, the most important thing is to improve the effectiveness of verification of certification organization as well as to enhance the management of verification risk. Verification risk

Jianxin Huang; Yaqin Bian

2011-01-01

441

Comparison of automated medication-management systems.  

PubMed

Automated devices for managing medication distribution are described. Shrinking operating budgets are causing many departments of pharmacy to consider automation to maximize the cost-effective use of professional personnel. Many devices and systems that are currently available or under development can help with (1) distribution of medication to and from the patient care area, (2) distribution of medication directly to the patient, (3) inventory control, (4) management of controlled substances, or (5) documentation of medication administration. Medication-management devices based in the patient care unit (Lionville CDModule, Access, Meditrol, Argus, MedStation, Sure-Med, and SelecTrac-Rx) are designed to replace manual filling of unit dose carts or to increase control over floor-stock medications and controlled substances. They provide immediate access to medications but can take extra time to fill. Centrally located medication-management systems (Automated Pharmacy Station, ATC-212, and Medispense) are designed to replace or improve a manual system for filling unit dose carts. They may have financial and practical advantages over systems based in the patient care unit because they avoid redundant inventories. However, a manual system is still needed for some medications, particularly those that need refrigeration. Several point-of-care information systems also have medication-management components (MedTake, CliniCare, Automated Medication Administration Tracking, and MedLynk). They provide rapid access to patient information and facilitate documentation. Many incorporate bar-code technology and radio-frequency transmission of data. An automated management system can combine increased efficiency with decreased risk of error. Descriptions of available systems may help pharmacists choose a system that meets their needs. PMID:7942923

Perini, V J; Vermeulen, L C

1994-08-01

442

Fluid management system for a zero gravity cryogenic storage system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The fluid management system comprises a mixing/recirculation system including an external recirculation pump for receiving fluid from a zero gravity storage system and returning an output flow of the fluid to the storage system. An internal axial spray injection system is provided for receiving a portion of the output flow from the recirculation pump. The spray injection system thermally de-stratifies liquid and gaseous cryogenic fluid stored in the storage system.

Lak, Tibor I. (Inventor)

1995-01-01

443

Tactical deployments of laser systems into low-intensity conflicts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the advancements in laser diode technology over the past three years laser systems are becoming smaller, more efficient, dependable, and inexpensive. They have proven field utility as illuminators, designators, rangefinders, and communicators. With the shifting roles of the military, new applications of lasers are being realized. Lasers are being used as non-lethal force multipliers in operations such as UNITED SHIELD. Future implementations of lasers in non-lethal roles may be seen in Bosnia.

Ireland, Robert J.

1997-01-01

444

Filling of orbital fluid management systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A study was performed with three objectives: (1) analyze fluid management system fill under orbital conditions; (2) determine what experimentation is needed; and (3) develop an experimental program. The fluid management system was a 1.06m (41.7 in) diameter pressure vessel with screen channel device. Analyses were conducted using liquid hydrogen and N2O4. The influence of helium and autogenous pressurization systems was considered. Analyses showed that fluid management system fill will be more difficult with a cryogen than with an earth storable. The key to a successful fill with cryogens is in devising techniques for filling without vent liquid, and removing trapped vapor from the screen device at tank fill completion. This will be accomplished with prechill, fill, and vapor condensation processes. Refill will require a vent and purge process, to dilute the residual helium, prior to introducing liquid. Neither prechill, chill, nor purge processes will be required for earth storables.

Merino, F.; Blatt, M. H.; Thies, N. C.

1978-01-01

445

Aircraft simulation data management - A prototype system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Piloted flight simulations are used throughout the aircraft development process to evaluate design concepts, handling qualities and operational procedures. Simulation project managers are often inundated with data but without a convenient and efficient way to make the correlations and analyses necessary to evaluate system performance. A computer-based Simulation Management System (SIMS) is under development. SIMS will permit simulation project engineers to quickly acquire, access, display, edit, analyze, and document the information necessary to more efficiently manage the research program. SIMS features interactive, associative access to simulation data. This paper describes SIMDEM, a prototype system designed to demonstrate these concepts and procedures in order to obtain feedback from simulator users to guide system design.

Crane, D. F.; Thomas, P.; Maurer, J. R.; Tweten, D. E.

1978-01-01

446

Workflow Management Systems and ERP Systems: Differences, Commonalities, and Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two important classes of information systems, Workflow Management Systems (WfMSs) and Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems, have been used to support e-business process redesign, in- tegration, and management. While both technologies can help with business process automation, data transfer, and information sharing, the technological approach and features of solutions provided by WfMS and ERP are different. Currently, there is a

Jorge Cardoso; Robert P. Bostrom; Amit Sheth

2003-01-01

447

Workflow Management Systems and ERP Systems: Differences, Commonalities, and Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two important classes of information systems, Workflow Management Systems (WfMSs) and Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems, have been used to support e-business process redesign, integration, and management. While both technologies can help with business process automation, data transfer, and information sharing, the technological approach and features of solutions provided by WfMS and ERP are different. Currently, there is a lack

Jorge Cardoso; Robert P. Bostrom; Amit Sheth

2004-01-01

448

Transaction management in the R* distributed database management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with the transaction management aspects of the R* distributed database system. It concentrates primarily on the description of the R* commit protocols, Presumed Abort (PA) and Presumed Commit (PC). PA and PC are extensions of the well-known, two-phase (2P) commit protocol. PA is optimized for read-only transactions and a class of multisite update transactions, and PC is

C. Mohan; Bruce G. Lindsay; Ron Obermarck

1986-01-01

449

Commissioning the NOAO Data Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The NOAO Data Management System (Barg et al. 2007) is comprised of several large subsystems. Its Data Transport System (Huang et al. 2007) annually conveys Tbytes of data between six remote, intercontinental sites. The NOAO Science Archive (NSA) has been safeguarding key NOAO data products for almost five years. NSA release 3.0 will dramatically increase the data holdings as well

H. H. Lanning; R. Seaman; R. C. Smith

2007-01-01

450

Patterns for Designing Learning Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning Management Systems are sophisticated web-based applications that are being engineered today in increasing numbers by numerous institutions and companies that want to get involved in e-learning either for providing services to third parties, or for educating and training their own people. Even though the construction of such systems has been taking place for many years, they are still designed

Symeon Retalis; Andreas Papasalouros

2003-01-01

451

Integrate offsites management with information systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computerized offsites management systems in oil refineries offer a unique opportunity to integrate advanced technology into a coherent refinery information system that contributes to benefits-driven optimal operations: from long-term, multirefinery linear programming (LP) models to sequential control of transfer lineups in the tank farm. There are strong incentives to automate and optimize the offsites operations, and benefits can be quantified

Valleur

1993-01-01

452

A scalable distributed information management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a Scalable Distributed Information Management System (SDIMS) that information about large-scale networked systems and that can serve as a basic building block for a broad range of large-scale distributed applications by providing detailed views of nearby information and summary views of global information. To serve as a basic building block, a SDIMS should have four properties: scalability to

Praveen Yalagandula; Michael Dahlin

2004-01-01

453

Development of the Clozaril Patient Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Clozaril Patient Management System (CPMS) has been developed to provide a 100% fail-safe system for monitoring white blood cell counts (WBCs) in patients being treated with clozapine (Clozaril®\\/Leponex®) in the United States and to provide comprehensive data collection on the incidence and development of agranulocytosis. CPMS provides a case administrator and a registered pharmacist. Their role is to support

Bijan Bastani; Larry D. Alphs; Herbert Y. Meltzer

1989-01-01

454

Thermal performance of managed window systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary factors that determine the net thermal performance of a window system are its overall heat transfer rate (U-value), its air leakage characteristics and its sun control capability. With managed window systems these basic properties may be drastically altered on an hourly basis as movable insulating and shading devices are deployed over the prime windows. A large building energy

S. E. Selkowitz; V. Bazjanac

1979-01-01

455

MSFC Propulsion Systems Department Knowledge Management Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the Knowledge Management (KM) project of the Propulsion Systems Department at Marshall Space Flight Center. KM is needed to support knowledge capture, preservation and to support an information sharing culture. The presentation includes the strategic plan for the KM initiative, the system requirements, the technology description, the User Interface and custom features, and a search demonstration.

Caraccioli, Paul A.

2007-01-01

456

Knowledge management systems : The role of 'encouragement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some organisations appear to be more successful than others at adopting and implementing Knowledge Management (KM) systems. In this paper, the authors investigate why this situation may occur through a case study analysis of two organisations that have implemented KM systems. In the first case, the authors consider why one supposedly technologically literate organisation experienced problems implementing what could be

Elaine Ferneley; Ben Light

2002-01-01

457

Integrity Mechanisms In Database Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

. Our goal in this paper is to answer the following question: what mechanisms are requiredin a general-purpose multiuser database management system (DBMS) to facilitate the integrityobjectives of information systems? We are particularly interested in relational DBMS's. Althoughexisting commercial products fall far short of providing the requisite mechanisms, in principle theycan be easily extended to incorporate these mechanisms. In a

Ravi Sandhu; Sushil Jajodia

1990-01-01

458

A Database Management System for Interlibrary Loan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the increasing complexity of dealing with interlibrary loan requests and describes a database management system for interlibrary loans used at Texas Tech University. System functions are described, including file control, records maintenance, and report generation, and the impact on staff productivity is discussed. (CLB)

Chang, Amy

1990-01-01

459

Implementing a Microcomputer Database Management System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current issues in selecting, structuring, and implementing microcomputer database management systems in research administration offices are discussed, and their capabilities are illustrated with the system used by the University of North Carolina at Wilmington. Trends in microcomputer technology and their likely impact on research administration…

Manock, John J.; Crater, K. Lynne

1985-01-01

460

Data Mining Support in Database Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most popular data mining techniques consist in searching data- bases for frequently occurring patterns, e.g. association rules, sequential pat- terns. We argue that in contrast to today's loosely-coupled tools, data mining should be regarded as advanced database querying and supported by Database Management Systems (DBMSs). In this paper we describe our research proto- type system, which logically extends DBMS

Tadeusz Morzy; Marek Wojciechowski; Maciej Zakrzewicz

2000-01-01

461

Network management training for tactical systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mobile subscriber equipment (MSE) provided by GTE is an army tactical communication system providing battlefield voice and data communications. MSE consists of a number of node center switches, large and small extension node switches, line of sight radio equipment to connect fixed assets, and mobile subscriber terminals. The core element providing net management of MSE is the system control

C. B. Duncombe

1997-01-01

462