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1

Biology and management of insect pests in North American intensively managed hardwood forest systems.  

SciTech Connect

Annu. Rev. Entomol. 50:1-29. Abstract Increasing demand for wood and wood products is putting stress on traditional forest production areas, leading to long-term economic and environmental concerns. Intensively managed hardwood forest systems (IMHFS), grown using conventional agricultural as well as forestry methods, can help alleviate potential problems in natural forest production areas. Although IMHFS can produce more biomass per hectare per year than natural forests, the ecologically simplified, monocultural systems may greatly increase the crops susceptibility to pests. Species in the genera Populus and Salix comprise the greatest acreage in IMHFS in North America, but other species, including Liquidambar styracifua and Platanus occidentalis, are also important. We discuss life histories, realized and potential damage, and management options for the most economically infuential pests that affect these hardwood species. The substantial inherent challenges associated with pest management in the monocultural environments created by IMHFS are reviewed. Finally, we discuss ways to design IMHFS that may reduce their susceptibility to pests, increase their growth and productivity potential, and create a more sustainable environment.

Coyle, David R.; Nebeker, T., E.; Hart, E., R.; Mattson, W., J.

2005-01-01

2

A spatially referenced water and nitrogen management model (WNMM) for (irrigated) intensive cropping and pasture systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

A spatially-referenced biophysical model, the Water and Nitrogen Management Model (WNMM), has been developed and demonstrated to simulate soil water movement and soil-plant C and N cycling under the given agricultural management, for the purpose of identifying optimal strategies for managing water and fertiliser N under intensive cropping systems (mainly wheat-maize) in China and under perennial pastures in Australia. A

Deli Chen; Yong Li; Robert White; Robert B. Edis

2004-01-01

3

Comparison of acceptance and performance of automated and manual data management systems in intensive care  

Microsoft Academic Search

A computerized data management system for intensive care was compared to conventional manual record keeping. The criteria\\u000a for the comparison were the nurses’ acceptance, the reliability in recording haemodynamic trends and the ability of the physicians’\\u000a to recall patient data after being on duty for 24 hours. At the time of the study the data management system had been in

Aarno Kari; Esko Ruokonen; Jukka Takala

1990-01-01

4

Child, family, and system outcomes of intensive case management in New York State  

Microsoft Academic Search

New York State’s Children and Youth Intensive Case Management (CYICM) was implemented in 1988 as one of several community-based\\u000a initiatives for children with serious emotional disturbance (SED). Underlying this program is the goal of maintaining children\\u000a with SED in the least restrictive environment appropriate to their needs. This paper presents CYICM child, family, and system\\u000a outcomes over six years, describes

Mary E. Evans; Steven Huz; Thomas McNulty; Steven M. Banks

1996-01-01

5

Child, family, and system outcomes of intensive case management in New York State.  

PubMed

New York State's Children and Youth Intensive Case Management (CYICM) was implemented in 1988 as one of several community-based initiatives for children with serious emotional disturbance (SED). Underlying this program is the goal of maintaining children with SED in the least restrictive environment appropriate to their needs. This paper presents CYICM child, family, and system outcomes over six years, describes program refinements, and explores continuing research efforts. Data are supportive of the positive outcomes associated with intensive case management for children with SED. Associated with enrollment in CYICM are a decrease in symptoms, improvement in functioning, and fewer hospitalizations in state-operated psychiatric centers, which translates into cost savings and a possible reduction in hospital beds. PMID:8938828

Evans, M E; Huz, S; McNulty, T; Banks, S M

1996-01-01

6

Evaluation of organic, conventional and intensive beef farm systems: health, management and animal production.  

PubMed

The overall aim of the present study was to analyse and compare organic beef cattle farming in Spain with intensive and conventional systems. An on-farm study comparing farm management practices and animal health was carried out. The study also focussed on a slaughterhouse analysis by comparing impacts on the safety and quality of the cattle products. Twenty-four organic and 26 conventional farms were inspected, and farmers responded to a questionnaire that covered all basic data on their husbandry practices, farm management, veterinary treatments and reproductive performance during 2007. Furthermore, data on the hygiene and quality of 244, 2596 and 3021 carcasses of calves from organic, intensive and conventional farms, respectively, were retrieved from the official yearbook (2007) of a slaughterhouse. Differences found between organic and conventional farms across the farm analysis did not substantially reflect differences between both farm types in the predominant diseases that usually occur on beef cattle farms. However, calves reared organically presented fewer condemnations at slaughter compared with intensive and to a lesser extent with conventionally reared calves. Carcass performance also reflected differences between farm type and breed and was not necessarily better in organic farms. PMID:23031524

Blanco-Penedo, I; López-Alonso, M; Shore, R F; Miranda, M; Castillo, C; Hernández, J; Benedito, J L

2012-09-01

7

Solids management and removal for intensive land-based aquaculture production systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review aims to identify and examine realistic aquaculture waste solids management strategies. The main reason for treating solids to be discharged from flow-through systems is to reduce potential negative impacts on the surrounding aquatic environment. In reuse and recycle systems, solids management will be required to maintain culture water quality. In such cases, solids management will often be designed

Simon J. Cripps; Asbjřrn Bergheim

2000-01-01

8

Plant nutrient management for enhanced productivity in intensive grain production systems of the United States and Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Are present nutrient management recommendations for the world's major cereal cropping systems adequate to sustain the productivity gains required to meet food demand while also assuring acceptable standards of environ- mental quality? To address this question, the current nutrient management approaches and their scientific basis in large-scale, mechanized maize (Zea mays L.)-based cropping systems of the USA and more labor-intensive,

A. Dobermann; K. G. Cassman

2002-01-01

9

The dark energy survey data management system as a data intensive science gateway  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Dark Energy Survey (DES) collaboration is a multi-national science effort to understand cosmic acceleration and the nature of 'dark energy' responsible for this phenomenon. Dark Energy Survey Data Management (DESDM) system is a new observational astronomy processing pipeline and data management system that will be used to: process raw images obtained from a survey with the new DES field

Kailash Kotwani; James Myers; Bill Baker; Joseph Mohr; Greg Daues; Tony Darnell; Dora Cai; Michelle Gower; Shantanu Desai; Bob Armstrong; Terrence McLaren; Don Petravick; Ankit Chandra; Joel Plutchak

2010-01-01

10

Intensive Management Affects Composition of Betaproteobacterial Ammonia Oxidizers in Turfgrass Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turfgrass is a highly managed ecosystem subject to frequent fertilization, mowing, irrigation, and application of pesticides.\\u000a Turf management practices may create a perturbed environment for ammonia oxidizers, a key microbial group responsible for\\u000a nitrification. To elucidate the long-term effects of turf management on these bacteria, we assessed the composition of betaproteobacterial\\u000a ammonia oxidizers in a chronosequence of turfgrass systems (i.e.,

Emily A. Dell; Daniel Bowman; Thomas Rufty; Wei Shi

2008-01-01

11

[Quality management in intensive care medicine].  

PubMed

Treatment of critical ill patients in the intensive care unit is tantamount to well-designed risk or quality management. Several tools of quality management and quality assurance have been developed in intensive care medicine. In addition to extern quality assurance by benchmarking with regard to the intensive care medicine, peer review procedures have been established for external quality assurance in recent years. In the process of peer review of an intensive care unit (ICU), external physicians and nurses visit the ICU, evaluate on-site proceedings, and discuss with the managing team of the ICU possibilities for optimization. Furthermore, internal quality management in the ICU is possible based on the 10 quality indicators of the German Interdisciplinary Society for Intensive Care Medicine (DIVI, "Deutschen Interdisziplinären Vereinigung für Intensiv- und Notfallmedizin"). Thereby every ICU has numerous possibilities to improve their quality management system. PMID:23846174

Martin, J; Braun, J-P

2013-09-01

12

Current Nitrogen Management Status and Measures to Improve the Intensive Wheat–Maize System in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the first 35 years of the Green Revolution, Chinese grain production doubled, greatly reducing food shortage, but at\\u000a a high environmental cost. In 2005, China alone accounted for around 38% of the global N fertilizer consumption, but the average\\u000a on-farm N recovery efficiency for the intensive wheat–maize system was only 16–18%. Current on-farm N use efficiency (NUE)\\u000a is much lower

Zhenling Cui; Xinping Chen; Fusuo Zhang

2010-01-01

13

Impact of intensive case management on child welfare system involvement for substance-dependent parenting women on public assistance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the impact of intensive case management (ICM) on decreasing child welfare system involvement in a sample of substance-dependent parenting women who participated in a welfare demonstration study comparing ICM to usual screen-and-refer models employed in welfare settings. Previous research established the effectiveness of ICM in both increasing engagement in substance abuse treatment and in promoting abstinence, and

Sarah Dauber; Charles Neighbors; Chris Dasaro; Annette Riordan; Jon Morgenstern

2012-01-01

14

Managing Intensively Grazed Pastures  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Forage production during periods of summer drought can be increased by including additional species in the pasture mixture, especially if those species have desirable attributes such as improved water use efficiency or deep root systems. Conversion of plowed fields to pasture also has the potential ...

15

Reducing environmental risk by improving N management in intensive Chinese agricultural systems  

PubMed Central

Excessive N fertilization in intensive agricultural areas of China has resulted in serious environmental problems because of atmospheric, soil, and water enrichment with reactive N of agricultural origin. This study examines grain yields and N loss pathways using a synthetic approach in 2 of the most intensive double-cropping systems in China: waterlogged rice/upland wheat in the Taihu region of east China versus irrigated wheat/rainfed maize on the North China Plain. When compared with knowledge-based optimum N fertilization with 30–60% N savings, we found that current agricultural N practices with 550–600 kg of N per hectare fertilizer annually do not significantly increase crop yields but do lead to about 2 times larger N losses to the environment. The higher N loss rates and lower N retention rates indicate little utilization of residual N by the succeeding crop in rice/wheat systems in comparison with wheat/maize systems. Periodic waterlogging of upland systems caused large N losses by denitrification in the Taihu region. Calcareous soils and concentrated summer rainfall resulted in ammonia volatilization (19% for wheat and 24% for maize) and nitrate leaching being the main N loss pathways in wheat/maize systems. More than 2-fold increases in atmospheric deposition and irrigation water N reflect heavy air and water pollution and these have become important N sources to agricultural ecosystems. A better N balance can be achieved without sacrificing crop yields but significantly reducing environmental risk by adopting optimum N fertilization techniques, controlling the primary N loss pathways, and improving the performance of the agricultural Extension Service.

Ju, Xiao-Tang; Xing, Guang-Xi; Chen, Xin-Ping; Zhang, Shao-Lin; Zhang, Li-Juan; Liu, Xue-Jun; Cui, Zhen-Ling; Yin, Bin; Christie, Peter; Zhu, Zhao-Liang; Zhang, Fu-Suo

2009-01-01

16

Clinical Decision Support and Closed-Loop Control for Cardiopulmonary Management and Intensive Care Unit Sedation Using Expert Systems  

PubMed Central

Patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) who require mechanical ventilation due to acute respiratory failure also frequently require the administration of sedative agents. The need for sedation arises both from patient anxiety due to the loss of personal control and the unfamiliar and intrusive environment of the ICU, and also due to pain or other variants of noxious stimuli. While physicians select the agent(s) used for sedation and cardiovascular function, the actual administration of these agents is the responsibility of the nursing staff. If clinical decision support systems and closed-loop control systems could be developed for critical care monitoring and lifesaving interventions as well as the administration of sedation and cardiopulmonary management, the ICU nurse could be released from the intense monitoring of sedation, allowing her/him to focus on other critical tasks. One particularly attractive strategy is to utilize the knowledge and experience of skilled clinicians, capturing explicitly the rules expert clinicians use to decide on how to titrate drug doses depending on the level of sedation. In this paper, we extend the deterministic rule-based expert system for cardiopulmonary management and ICU sedation framework presented in [1] to a stochastic setting by using probability theory to quantify uncertainty and hence deal with more realistic clinical situations.

Gholami, Behnood; Bailey, James M.; Haddad, Wassim M.; Tannenbaum, Allen R.

2013-01-01

17

Closed-loop control for cardiopulmonary management and intensive care unit sedation using expert systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients in the intensive care unit who require mechanical ventilation due to acute respiratory failure also frequently require the administration of sedative agents. The need for sedation arises both from patient anxiety due to the loss of personal control and the unfamiliar and intrusive environment of the intensive care unit, and also due to pain or other variants of noxious

Behnood Gholami; James M. Bailey; Wassim M. Haddad; Allen R. Tannenbaum

2010-01-01

18

Feed preparation and feed management strategies within semi-intensive fish farming systems in the tropics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Semi-intensive aquaculture, particularly in the tropics, accounts for nearly 70% of the finfish production of the world. The bulk of this production is based on a handful of species, the most important being the cyprinid species, such as Chinese and Indian major carps, feeding low in the food chain. In the culture practices the endogenous food supply is known to

Albert G. J. Tacon; Sena S. De Silva

1997-01-01

19

Intensive Care Information System Impacts  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Today, intensive care needs to be increased with a prospect of an aging population and socioeconomic factors influencing health intervention, but there are some problems in the intensive care environments, it is essential to resolve. The intensive Care information system has the potential to solve many of ICU problems. The objective of the review was to establish the impact of intensive care information systems on the practitioners practice, patient outcomes and ICU performance. Methods: Scientific databases and electronic journal citations was searched to identify articles that discussed the impacts of intensive care information system on the practices, patient outcomes and ICU performance. A total of 22 articles discussing ICIS outcomes was included in this study from 609 articles initially obtained from the searches. Results: Pooling data across studies, we found that the median impact of ICIS on information management was 48.7%. The median impact of ICIS on user’ outcomes was 36.4%, impact on saving tips by 24%, clinical decision support by a mean of 22.7%, clinical outcomes improved by a mean of 18.6%, and researches improved by 18%. Conclusion: The functionalities of ICIS are growing day by day and new functionalities are available with every major release. Better adoption of ICIS by the intensive care environments emphasizes the opportunity of better intensive care services through patient oriented intensive care clinical information systems. There is an immense need for developing guidelines for standardizing ICIS to to maximize the power of ICISs and to integrate with HISs. This will enable intensivists to use the systems in a more meaningful way for better patient care. This study provides a better understanding and greater insight into the effectiveness of ICIS in improving patient care and reducing health care expenses.

Ehteshami, Asghar; Sadoughi, Farahnaz; Ahmadi, Maryam; Kashefi, Parviz

2013-01-01

20

The diagnosis and management of systemic candidiasis in the Intensive Care Unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Invasive candidiasis has become a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the last few decades, in parallel with the tremendous advances made in medical care. Patients who are critically ill, in medical and surgical ICUs are especially at risk for Candida infections. Management of these severe infections has been challenging due to delay in diagnosis and the lack

Cecilia Big; Jose A. Vazquez

2009-01-01

21

A distributed data management system for data-intensive radio astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The next generation of telescopes, such as the Square Kilometre Array (SKA), will generate orders of magnitude more data than previous instruments, far in excess of current storage and networking system handling abilities. To address this problem, we propose an architecture where data is distributed over several archive sites, each holding only a portion of the overall data, that provides efficient and transparent access to the archive as a whole. This paper describes that architecture in detail and the design and implementation of a prototype system, based on the Integrated Rule-Oriented Data System (iRODS) software.

Grimstrup, Arne; Mahadevan, Venkat; Eymere, Olivier; Anderson, Ken; Kiddle, Cameron; Simmonds, Rob; Rosolowsky, Erik; Taylor, Andrew R.

2012-09-01

22

Effects of summer catch crop, residue management, soil temperature and water on the succeeding cucumber rhizosphere nitrogen mineralization in intensive production systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nitrogen nutrient management is crucially important in shallow-rooted vegetable production systems characterized by high input\\u000a and high environmental risk. To investigate the effects of summer catch crop (sweet corn, common bean, garland chrysanthemum\\u000a and edible amaranth), residue management, and soil temperature and water on the succeeding cucumber rhizosphere nitrogen mineralization\\u000a in intensive production systems, we determined the rates of net

Yongqiang Tian; Jun Liu; Xueyan Zhang; Lihong Gao

2010-01-01

23

Determinants of adoption and intensity of use of balanced nutrient management systems technologies in the northern Guinea savanna of Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of a major effort to address soil fertility decline in West Africa, a project on Balanced Nutrient Management Systems (BNMS) has since 2000 been implemented in the northern Guinea savanna (NGS) of Nigeria. The project has tested and promoted two major technology packages, including a combined application of inorganic fertilizer and manure (BNMS-manure) and a soybean\\/maize rotation practice

Adebayo A. Akinola; D. A. Arega; Remi Adeyemo; Diakalia Sanogo; Adetunji S. Olanrewaju; C. Nwoke; G. Nzigaheba; J. Diels

2008-01-01

24

Experience with a Simplified Computer Based Intensive Care Monitoring System in the Management of Acutely Ill Surgical Patients  

PubMed Central

The need exists for a simplified and ecomonical computer based monitoring system for critically ill surgical patients. Such a system would enjoy widespread use in surgical intensive care units in regional, as well as larger community hospitals. We have assembled such a system which provides digital readout of the usual physiologic parameters, and also provide computer storage of accumulated data for review and evaluation of patient care. The computer provides graphic and digital display and digital printout for subsequent inclusion in the patient records. Most frequent indications for this system include the development of acute respiratory insufficiency or acute circulatory failure due to invasive sepsis and/or severe arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Information most beneficial in patient care included measurement of cardiac output;alveolar arterial oxygen gradient. ImagesFigure 1Figure 5Figure 9Figure 11

Hadley, H. Roger; Rutherford, Harold G.; Smith, Louis L.; Briggs, Burton A.; Neilsen, Ivan R.; Rau, Richard

1979-01-01

25

Influence of dry period length on reproductive performance and productivity of Lacaune dairy sheep under an intensive management system.  

PubMed

Intensive management is almost the only way to ensure dairy farm profitability. The dry period length (DPL) is a key factor in the productivity and health of dairy cows, but whether the same is true of dairy sheep is unclear. This study investigated the effects of DPL on the performance of Lacaune sheep under intensive management. We recorded 8136 lactations from 4220 ewes on one farm for the period 2005-2010, and data from a total of 6762 complete lactations 1-4 were included in the study. The length of the dry period following the current lactation was studied. The larger the total milk yield (MY) and daily milk yield (DMY), the shorter was the DPL before the next lactation. DPL correlated with MY (r=-0·384), DMY (r=-0·277) and the lambing-to-conception interval (LC; r=0·201, P<0·0001) in the global analysis of all lactations (lactations 1-4). The influence of previous-DPL (P-DPL), or the length of the period prior to the start of the next lactation, was studied for 4318 lactations. P-DPL was classified into five intervals: very short (P-DPL-XS), 1-30 d; short (P-DPL-S), 31-60 d; medium (P-DPL-M), 61-90 d; long (P-DPL-L), 91-120 d; and very long (P-DPL-XL), >120 d. P-DPL positively correlated with lambing-to-next conception interval (LNC; r=0·095, P<0·0001) for lactations 1-4. LNC was significantly shorter for P-DPLs that were very short, short, or long (P-PDL-XS, 144·2±67·8 d; P-PDL-S, 149·1±57·2 d; P-PDL-L, 152·0±53·7 d) than for groups with very long or medium P-PDLs (P-DPL-XL, 161·5±62·9 d; P-DPL-M, 169·0±74·8 d; P<0·0001). Moreover, P-DPLs that were very short, long, or very long were associated with the lowest milk yields (P-PDL-XS, 377±215 l; P-PDL-l, 370±168 l; P-PDL-XL, 396±196 l). These yields were significantly lower than the yields for short and medium P-DPLs (P-DPL-S, 432±187 l; P-DPL-M, 436±191 l; P<0·0001) when averages of lactations 1-4 were analysed. These results indicate that lactations with larger MY are followed by a shorter dry period, and that a dry period of 30-90 d leads to larger yields in the next lactation. The best LNC was associated with the shortest Previous-DPL. Hence, 30-60 d should be the optimal dry period length for Lacaune sheep under intensive conditions. PMID:22850582

Hernandez, Fernando; Elvira, Laura; Gonzalez-Martin, Juan-Vicente; Astiz, Susana

2012-08-01

26

Low-intensity livestock systems - defining ecological attributes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary It is well recognised that modern land use, particularly agriculture, is more intensive, more specialised and more mechanised than traditional land-use systems. Modernisation is accompanied by biological impoverishment and many steps have been taken to ameliorate this on intensively managed land. However, many agricultural systems, which have their origins in traditional, low-intensity farming, high in biodiversity do still survive

E. M. Bignal

27

Intensive care management of organophosphate insecticide poisoning  

PubMed Central

Introduction Organophosphate (OP) insecticides inhibit both cholinesterase and pseudo-cholinesterase activities. The inhibition of acetylcholinesterase causes accumulation of acetylcholine at synapses, and overstimulation of neurotransmission occurs as a result of this accumulation. The mortality rate of OP poisoning is high. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment is often life saving. Treatment of OP poisoning consists of intravenous atropine and oximes. The clinical course of OP poisoning may be quite severe and may need intensive care management. We report our experience with the intensive care management of serious OP insecticide poisonings. Methods A retrospective study was performed on the patients with OP poisoning followed at our medical intensive care unit. Forty-seven patients were included. Diagnosis was performed from the history taken either from the patient or from the patient's relatives about the agent involved in the exposure. Diagnosis could not be confirmed with serum and red blood cell anticholinesterase levels because these are not performed at our institution. Intravenous atropine and pralidoxime was administered as soon as possible. Pralidoxime could not be given to 16 patients: 2 patients did not receive pralidoxime because they were late admissions and 14 did not receive pralidoxime because the Ministry of Health office was out of stock. Other measures for the treatment were gastric lavage and administration of activated charcoal via nasogastric tube, and cleansing the patient's body with soap and water. The patients were intubated and mechanically ventilated if the patients had respiratory failure, a depressed level of consciousness, which causes an inability to protect the airway, and hemodynamic instability. Mechanical ventilation was performed as synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation + pressure support mode, either as volume or pressure control. Positive end expiratory pressure was titrated to keep SaO2 above 94% with 40% FIO2. Weaning was performed using either T-tube trials or pressure support weaning. The chi-square test was used for statistical analysis. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation. Results There were 25 female and 22 male patients. Thirty-two (68%) were suicide attempts and 15 (32%) were accidental exposure. The gastrointestinal route was the main route in 44 (93.6%) patients. The mortality rates for the patients who did and did not receive pralidoxime were 32 and 18.7%, respectively, and were not statistically different. The most frequent signs were meiosis, change in mental status, hypersalivation and fasciculations. Ten patients (21.2%) required mechanical ventilation. The mortality rate for the patients who required mechanical ventilation was 50%, but the rate was 21.6% for the patients who were not mechanically ventilated. Intermediate syndrome was observed in 9 (19.1%) patients. Complications were observed in 35 (74.4%) patients. These complications were respiratory failure (14 patients), aspiration pneumonia (10 patients), urinary system infection (6 patients), convulsion (4 patients) and septic shock (1 patient). The duration of the intensive care stay was 5.2 ± 3.0 days. Discussion Ingestion of OP compounds for suicidal purposes is a major problem, especially in developing countries. Thirty-two (68%) of our patients used the OP insecticide for suicide. Two patients did not receive pralidoxime because of delayed admission and they were successfully treated with atropine alone. Three of the patients who did not receive pralidoxime because of unavailability died. The mortality rate was no different between the patients treated with pralidoxime or those without pralidoxime. De Silva and coworkers have also reported that the mortality rate was not different between each group. Three patients with intermediate syndrome died due to delay for endotracheal intubation. The average respiratory rate of these patients increased from 22 to 38 breaths/min, which is an important sign of respiratory distress. The nurse to patient ratio was increased aft

Sungur, Murat; Guven, Muhammed

2001-01-01

28

Data-Intensive Scientific Management, Analysis and Visualization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The proposed integrated system provides a suite of services for data-intensive sciences that enables scientists to describe, manage, analyze and visualize data from experiments and numerical simulations in distributed and heterogeneous environment. This paper describes the advisor and the converter services and presents an example from the monitoring of the slant column content of atmospheric minor gases.

Goranova, Mariana; Shishedjiev, Bogdan; Juliana Georgieva, Juliana

2012-11-01

29

Airway management in the intensive care unit.  

PubMed

Airway management in the intensive care unit (ICU) is a challenging procedure and is frequently associated with life threatening complications. The incidence of difficult intubations ranges from 10% to 22%, depending on the setting and the patients in need of endotracheal intubation. Multiple attempts are often needed to secure the airway. Despite the high risk for patients in the ICU setting, the equipment for airway management such as capnometry or alternative devices is not always available. The novel technique of video laryngoscopy has been recently introduced into clinical practice in the operating room. First results from larger studies are very promising, suggesting these new devices to be helpful for successful intubation with fewer attempts in difficult intubation scenarios. At the same time, several reports show that successful use of video laryngoscopes in emergency situations need substantial practical training and expertise in airway management. The use of a protocol for airway management has been shown to decrease complications. Parts of this protocol are appropriate staffing, pre-oxygenation and strategies to avoid cardiovascular complications. In conclusion, high practical skill of airway management is needed in critically ill patients. Monitoring such as capnography and alternative equipment for securing the airway is not just mandatory in the operating room but also in the ICU. PMID:23330424

Noppens, Rüdiger R

2012-09-01

30

Intelligent model-based advisory system for the management of ventilated intensive care patients. Part II: Advisory system design and evaluation.  

PubMed

The optimisation of ventilatory support is a crucial issue for the management of respiratory failure in critically ill patients, aiming at improving gas exchange while preventing ventilator-induced dysfunction of the respiratory system. Clinicians often rely on their knowledge/experience and regular observation of the patient's response for adjusting the level of respiratory support. Using a similar data-driven decision-making methodology, an adaptive model-based advisory system has been designed for the clinical monitoring and management of mechanically ventilated patients. The hybrid blood gas patient model SOPAVent developed in Part I of this paper and validated against clinical data for a range of patients lung abnormalities is embedded into the advisory system to predict continuously and non-invasively the patient's respiratory response to changes in the ventilator settings. The choice of appropriate ventilator settings involves finding a balance among a selection of fundamentally competing therapeutic decisions. The design approach used here is based on a goal-directed multi-objective optimisation strategy to determine the optimal ventilator settings that effectively restore gas exchange and promote improved patient's clinical conditions. As an initial step to its clinical validation, the advisory system's closed-loop stability and performance have been assessed in a series of simulations scenarios reconstructed from real ICU patients data. The results show that the designed advisory system can generate good ventilator-setting advice under patient state changes and competing ventilator management targets. PMID:20398957

Wang, Ang; Mahfouf, Mahdi; Mills, Gary H; Panoutsos, G; Linkens, D A; Goode, K; Kwok, Hoi-Fei; Denaď, Mouloud

2010-04-15

31

Intensive care management of liver transplanted patients  

PubMed Central

Advances in pre-transplant treatment of cirrhosis-related organ dysfunction, intraoperative patient management, and improvements in the treatment of rejection and infections have made human liver transplantation an effective and valuable option for patients with end stage liver disease. However, many important factors, related both to an increasing “marginality” of the implanted graft and unexpected perioperative complications still make immediate post-operative care challenging and the early outcome unpredictable. In recent years sicker patients with multiple comorbidities and organ dysfunction have been undergoing Liver transplantation; appropriate critical care management is required to support prompt graft recovery and prevent systemic complications. Early post-operative management is highly demanding as significant changes may occur in both the allograft and the “distant” organs. A functioning transplanted liver is almost always associated with organ system recovery, resulting in a new life for the patient. However, in the unfortunate event of graft dysfunction, the unavoidable development of multi-organ failure will require an enhanced level of critical care support and a prolonged ICU stay. Strict monitoring and sustainment of cardiorespiratory function, frequent assessment of graft performance, timely recognition of unexpected complications and the institution of prophylactic measures to prevent extrahepatic organ system dysfunction are mandatory in the immediate post-operative period. A reduced rate of complications and satisfactory outcomes have been obtained from multidisciplinary, collaborative efforts, skillful vigilance, and a thorough knowledge of pathophysiologic characteristics of the transplanted liver.

Feltracco, Paolo; Barbieri, Stefania; Galligioni, Helmut; Michieletto, Elisa; Carollo, Cristiana; Ori, Carlo

2011-01-01

32

Management intensity affects density fractions of soil organic matter from grazed bahiagrass swards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soil fertility and agricultural systems sustainability depend upon soil organic matter (SOM). The effects of pasture management intensity on SOM are not well understood. The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of management intensity of ‘Pensacola’ bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum Flügge) pastures on the light density fraction of SOM (LD-SOM), the fraction that responds most readily to changes

J. C. B. Dubeux; L. E. Sollenberger; N. B. Comerford; J. M. Scholberg; A. C. Ruggieri; J. M. B. Vendramini; S. M. Interrante; K. M. Portier

2006-01-01

33

Influence of root zone nitrogen management and a summer catch crop on cucumber yield and soil mineral nitrogen dynamics in intensive production systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nutrient and water management is crucially important in shallow-rooted vegetable production systems characterized by high\\u000a input and high environmental risk. A 2-year field experiment on greenhouse cucumber double-cropping systems examined the effects\\u000a of root zone nitrogen management and planting of sweet corn as a catch crop in the summer fallow period on cucumber yield\\u000a and soil Nmin dynamics compared to

Ruiying Guo; Xiaolin Li; Peter Christie; Qing Chen; Rongfeng Jiang; Fusuo Zhang

2008-01-01

34

The Family Partners Credit Card: A Token Economy System Adapted for Intensive Family Preservation Services to Enable Families to Manage Difficult Behavior of Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly, families referred for Intensive Family Preservation Services have not experienced a crisis of maltreatment, focused on the parent; rather these families have children with chronic behavioral difficulties for which their parents lack the skills to cope. These are the same families whose children were formerly placed in residential programs. This paper presents The Family Partners Credit Card System, incorporating

Jude Nichols; Barbara Peo Early

1996-01-01

35

Nitrate Leaching From Intensive Forest Management on ...  

Treesearch

... Forest Management on Abandonded Agricultural Land: Fifth-Year Results ... quality impacts of maximizing plantation growth on abandoned agricultural land, ... Soil moisture nitrate was significantly higher in the plots with vegetation control.

36

Intensity-Modulated and 3D-Conformal Radiotherapy for Whole-Ventricular Irradiation as Compared With Conventional Whole-Brain Irradiation in the Management of Localized Central Nervous System Germ Cell Tumors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To compare the sparing potential of cerebral hemispheres with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) for whole-ventricular irradiation (WVI) and conventional whole-brain irradiation (WBI) in the management of localized central nervous system germ cell tumors (CNSGCTs). Methods and Materials: Ten cases of patients with localized CNSGCTs and submitted to WVI by use of IMRT with or without

Michael Jenwei Chen; Adriana da Silva Santos; Roberto Kenji Sakuraba; Cleverson Perceu Lopes; Vinícius Demanboro Gonçalves; Eduardo Weltman; Robson Ferrigno; José Carlos Cruz

2010-01-01

37

Ischaemic stroke: acute management, intensive care, and future perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, a number of developments in the acute management of stroke have necessitated active involvement of neurocritical care. This review focuses on the immediate care, including intensive care, that may make a difference to the patient outcome. Recent research, that high- lights the importance of acute management of stroke in terms of thrombolysis, thrombolytic agents, decompressive surgery, and hypothermia, has

R. Kollmar; S. Schwab

2007-01-01

38

Distributed Storage Systems for Data Intensive Computing  

SciTech Connect

In this chapter, the authors present an overview of the utility of distributed storage systems in supporting modern applications that are increasingly becoming data intensive. Their coverage of distributed storage systems is based on the requirements imposed by data intensive computing and not a mere summary of storage systems. To this end, they delve into several aspects of supporting data-intensive analysis, such as data staging, offloading, checkpointing, and end-user access to terabytes of data, and illustrate the use of novel techniques and methodologies for realizing distributed storage systems therein. The data deluge from scientific experiments, observations, and simulations is affecting all of the aforementioned day-to-day operations in data-intensive computing. Modern distributed storage systems employ techniques that can help improve application performance, alleviate I/O bandwidth bottleneck, mask failures, and improve data availability. They present key guiding principles involved in the construction of such storage systems, associated tradeoffs, design, and architecture, all with an eye toward addressing challenges of data-intensive scientific applications. They highlight the concepts involved using several case studies of state-of-the-art storage systems that are currently available in the data-intensive computing landscape.

Vazhkudai, Sudharshan S [ORNL; Butt, Ali R [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Ma, Xiaosong [ORNL

2012-01-01

39

Evaluation of pediatric intensive care scoring systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is no report analysing pediatric severity scoring systems in British Intensive Therapy Units (ICUs). Two previously reported pediatric severity scoring systems, the Admission Physiologic Stability Index (APSI) and the Organ System Failure (OSF) score were evaluated for 151 patients. The APSI was higher for children who died than for those who lived (ppp=0.054). There was underscoring of neurological patients;

H. L. Price; D. J. Matthew

1989-01-01

40

Designing Project Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to develop the concept of project management system from the perspective of systems science. There is a need to extend the body of knowledge for project management. In particular, the application of systems perspectives and systems theory offers a significant opportunity to advance the current state of project management knowledge. Although there have been

Gamze Karayaz; Charles B. Keating; Morgan Henrie

2011-01-01

41

Operations Management System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of an operations management system is to provide an orderly and efficient method to operate and maintain aerospace vehicles. Concepts are described for an operations management system and the key technologies are highlighted which will be re...

A. E. Brandli R. E. Eckelkamp C. M. Kelly W. Mccandless D. L. Rue

1990-01-01

42

Knowledge management issues in knowledge-intensive SMEs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present a study of knowledge management understanding and usage in small and medium knowledge-intensive enterprises. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study has taken an interpretitivist approach, using two knowledge-intensive South Yorkshire (England) companies as case studies, both of which are characterised by the need to process and use knowledge on a daily basis

Miguel Baptista Nunes; Fenio Annansingh; Barry Eaglestone

2006-01-01

43

Clinical Data Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reference clinical data interchange standards defined by CDISC (Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium), we developed clinical data management system with distributed system architecture which can be executed on different platforms for high performance. This system consists mainly of study management module, data capture module, data management module and security module. Besides, web-based approach changes the traditional client\\/server design pattern for

Lingli Fu; Sheng Ding; Tao Chen

2010-01-01

44

Advanced bridge management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, development of advanced bridge management systems is discussed, with special emphasis on reinforced concrete bridges. Management systems for prestressed concrete bridges, steel bridges, or composite bridges can be developed in a similar way. The proposed procedures are illustrated by the EU-supported management systems BRIDGE1 and BRIDGE2. The paper is strongly based on reports produced within the EU

P. Thoft-Christensen

1995-01-01

45

System of Hungarian System Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The new disaster management direction and responsibility system and the professional disaster management organization were tested last year in practice. Perhaps liquidation of consequences of terrorist acts was the only threat, which it did not need to fa...

L. Kozari

2001-01-01

46

A new patient registration method for intensive care department management.  

PubMed

A new method to describe intensive care department performance is presented. The method is a complication of available administrative and medical data, completed with a severity of illness measure (Acute Physiology And Chronic Health Evaluation, APACHE) and the registration of nursing care intensity. The development of this latter patient stratification system (Intensive Care Activity Score, INCAS) is described. The performance of the method is demonstrated by a study of 200 consecutive admissions. PMID:3109199

Van Aken, P; Bossaert, L; Gilot, C; Tielemans, L

1987-01-01

47

Risk management systems engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major purpose of the systems management function is to implement the strategic plan of the organization so as to provide a total quality approach, including associated risk management. The author examines a number of issues related to risk management. Systems engineering processes are inherently subject to risks of a variety of types. When risks materialize, they usually manifest themselves

Andrew P. Sage

1995-01-01

48

Characterization of Intensively Managed Landscapes: Illinois River Basin Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

With rapid growth of the world population, doubling to over 6 billion in the last 40 years, with an expected increase to 9 billion in another 40 years, our landscape and environment are being transformed in unprecedented ways across the globe with local, regional and continental scale impacts. Intensively managed landscapes (IMLs), such as the Midwestern US, are characterized by

P. Kumar; E. Andrews; W. Bland; D. Borah; J. Braden; R. Cooke; W. Eheart; E. Herricks; S. Hollinger; R. Holmes; T. Johnson; D. Keefer; L. Keefer; W. Krajewski; E. Krug; K. Kunkel; X. Liang; G. McIsaac; E. Mehnert; T. Over; A. Packman; T. Papanicolaou; G. Rao; B. Rhoads; B. Ruddell; M. Sivapalan; R. Sparks; J. Talley; L. Weber; A. Wehrmann; D. Winstanley; D. Wuebbles

2005-01-01

49

Management of venous thromboembolism in the intensive care unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Venous thromboembolism, manifested as either deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism (PE), is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients admitted to the intensive care unit. Clinically, PE may present as massive thromboembolism associated with cardiogenic shock or may be asymptomatic, as may occur with anatomically small emboli without hemodynamic or respiratory compromise. The management of venous thromboembolism

Stephen M. Pastores

2009-01-01

50

Markov Model Based Disk Power Management for Data Intensive Workloads  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract—In order to meet the increasing demands of present and upcoming data-intensive computer applications, there has been a major shift in the disk subsystem, which now consists of more disks with higher storage capacities and higher rotational speeds. These have made the disk subsystem a major consumer of power, making disk power management an important issue. People have considered the

Rajat Garg; Seung Woo Son; Mahmut T. Kandemir; Padma Raghavan; Ramya Prabhakar

2009-01-01

51

Bridge Management System Update.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of this project was to assist the NCDOT in updating parameters used in analysis of bridge inspection data for purposes of bridge management. Various parameters are used in OPBRIDGE, a bridge manage system decision support program for predict...

D. W. Johnston S. A. Duncan

2002-01-01

52

Avionics System Performance Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Performance management includes the methods and technologies used to develop and assure the timing behavior of real-time systems. The reasons for improved performance management include advances in processor technology and architectures, increasingly inte...

B. Damania S. Vestal D. Bhatt R. Bhatt

1998-01-01

53

Management Intensity and Topography Determined Plant Diversity in Vineyards  

PubMed Central

Vineyards are amongst the most intensive forms of agriculture often resulting in simplified landscapes where semi-natural vegetation is restricted to small scattered patches. However, a tendency toward a more sustainable management is stimulating research on biodiversity in these poorly investigated agro-ecosystems. The main aim of this study was to test the effect on plant diversity of management intensity and topography in vineyards located in a homogenous intensive hilly landscape. Specifically, this study evaluated the role of slope, mowing and herbicide treatments frequency, and nitrogen supply in shaping plant diversity and composition of life-history traits. The study was carried out in 25 vineyards located in the area of the Conegliano-Valdobbiadene DOCG (Veneto, NE Italy). In each vineyard, 10 plots were placed and the abundance of all vascular plants was recorded in each plot. Linear multiple regression was used to test the effect of management and topography on plant diversity. Management intensity and topography were both relevant drivers of plant species diversity patterns in our vineyards. The two most important factors were slope and mowing frequency that respectively yielded positive and negative effects on plant diversity. A significant interaction between these two factors was also demonstrated, warning against the detrimental effects of increasing mowing intensity on steep slope where plant communities are more diverse. The response of plant communities to mowing frequency is mediated by a process of selection of resistant growth forms, such in the case of rosulate and reptant species. The other two management-related factors tested in this study, number of herbicide treatments and N fertilization, were less influential. In general, our study corroborates the idea that some simple changes in farming activities, which are compatible with grape production, should be encouraged for improving the natural and cultural value of the landscape by maintaining and improving wild plant diversity.

Nascimbene, Juri; Marini, Lorenzo; Ivan, Diego; Zottini, Michela

2013-01-01

54

Management intensity and topography determined plant diversity in vineyards.  

PubMed

Vineyards are amongst the most intensive forms of agriculture often resulting in simplified landscapes where semi-natural vegetation is restricted to small scattered patches. However, a tendency toward a more sustainable management is stimulating research on biodiversity in these poorly investigated agro-ecosystems. The main aim of this study was to test the effect on plant diversity of management intensity and topography in vineyards located in a homogenous intensive hilly landscape. Specifically, this study evaluated the role of slope, mowing and herbicide treatments frequency, and nitrogen supply in shaping plant diversity and composition of life-history traits. The study was carried out in 25 vineyards located in the area of the Conegliano-Valdobbiadene DOCG (Veneto, NE Italy). In each vineyard, 10 plots were placed and the abundance of all vascular plants was recorded in each plot. Linear multiple regression was used to test the effect of management and topography on plant diversity. Management intensity and topography were both relevant drivers of plant species diversity patterns in our vineyards. The two most important factors were slope and mowing frequency that respectively yielded positive and negative effects on plant diversity. A significant interaction between these two factors was also demonstrated, warning against the detrimental effects of increasing mowing intensity on steep slope where plant communities are more diverse. The response of plant communities to mowing frequency is mediated by a process of selection of resistant growth forms, such in the case of rosulate and reptant species. The other two management-related factors tested in this study, number of herbicide treatments and N fertilization, were less influential. In general, our study corroborates the idea that some simple changes in farming activities, which are compatible with grape production, should be encouraged for improving the natural and cultural value of the landscape by maintaining and improving wild plant diversity. PMID:24098435

Nascimbene, Juri; Marini, Lorenzo; Ivan, Diego; Zottini, Michela

2013-10-01

55

Effects of previous intensive agricultural management on microorganisms and the biodiversity of soil fauna  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study effects of previous intensive management on microorganisms and soil fauna were investigated. It was hypothesized that a former but now abandoned intensive management practice still causes negative effects years after conversion into conventional management.

Juliane Filser; Henning Fromm; Roland F. Nagel; Karin Winter

1995-01-01

56

A clinical decision support system prototype for cardiovascular intensive care  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development and validation of a decision-support system prototype that can help manage hypovolemic\\u000a hypotension in the Cardiovascular Intensive Care Unit (CVICU). The prototype uses physiologic pattern-matching, therapeutic\\u000a protocols, computational drug-dosage response modeling and expert reasoning heuristics in its selection of intervention strategies\\u000a and choices. As part of model testing, the prototype simulated real-time operation by processing

Francis Lau

1994-01-01

57

Mining Logs Files for Computing System Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

With advancement in science and technology, computing systems become increasingly more difficult to monitor, manage and maintain. Traditional approaches to system management have been largely based on domain experts through a knowledge acquisition process to translate domain knowledge into operating rules and policies. This has been experienced as a cumbersome, labor intensive, and error prone process. There is thus a

Wei Peng; Tao Li; Sheng Ma

2005-01-01

58

Systems engineering management plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) is a comprehensive and effective tool used to assist in the management of systems engineering efforts. It is intended to guide the work of all those involved in the project. The SEMP is comprised of three main sections: technical project planning and control, systems engineering process, and engineering specialty integration. The contents of each

Tamara S

2009-01-01

59

Energy resource management for energy-intensive manufacturing industries  

SciTech Connect

A program to introduce energy resource management into an energy-intensive manufacturing industry is presented. The food industry (SIC No. 20) was chosen and 20 companies were selected for interviews, but thirteen were actually visited. The methodology for this program is detailed. Reasons for choosing the food industry are described. The substance of the information gained and the principal conclusions drawn from the interviews are given. Results of the model Energy Resource Management Plan applied to three companies are compiled at length. Strategies for dissemination of the information gained are described. (MCW)

Brenner, C.W.; Levangie, J.

1981-10-01

60

Environmental management system project management plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Environmental Management System (EMS) Project establishes a comprehensive Laboratory system for planning, implementing, monitoring and assessing environmental issues at BNL. This system will enhance environmental management at BNL by adopting the tene...

Briggs

1999-01-01

61

Airborne Battle Management System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Navy under the Airborne Battle Management System (ABMS) program, sponsored by ONR Code 311 (Command, Control and Combat Systems) and executed by NAVAIR, is addressing the shifting focus of naval operations to power projection in a littoral environment...

G. Mersten

2000-01-01

62

Identification of irrigation and N management practices that contribute to nitrate leaching loss from an intensive vegetable production system by use of a comprehensive survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considerable NO3? contamination of underlying aquifers is associated with greenhouse-based vegetable production in south-eastern Spain, where 80% of cropping occurs in soil. To identify management factors likely to contribute to NO3? leaching from soil-based cropping, a survey of irrigation and N management practices was conducted in 53 commercial greenhouses. For each greenhouse: (i) a questionnaire of general irrigation and N

R. B. Thompson; C. Martínez-Gaitan; M. Gallardo; C. Giménez; M. D. Fernández

2007-01-01

63

Towards Ethical Decision Support and Knowledge Management in Neonatal Intensive Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies in neonatal medicine, clinical nursing, and cognitive psychology have indicated the need to augment current decision-making practice in neonatal intensive care units with computerized, intelligent decision support systems. Rapid progress in artificial intelligence and knowledge management facilitates the design of collaborative ethical decision-support tools that allow clinicians to provide better support for parents facing inherently difficult choices, such

L. Yang; M. Frize; R. C. Walker; C. Catley

2004-01-01

64

The UltraLight Project: The Network as an Integrated and Managed Resource in Grid Systems for High Energy Physics and Data Intensive Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the NSF-funded UltraLight project. The project's goal is to meet the data-intensive computing challenges of the next generation of particle physics experiments with a comprehensive, network-focused agenda. In particular we argue that instead of treating the network traditionally, as a static, unchanging and unmanaged set of inter-computer links, we instead will use it as a dynamic, configurable, and

Harvey Newman; Julian Bunn; Richard Cavanaugh; Iosif Legrand; Steven Low; Shawn McKee; Dan Nae; Sylvain Ravot; Conrad Steenberg; Xun Su; Michael Thomas; Frank van Lingen; Yang Xia

65

The Benefits of Designing a Stratification System for New York City Pediatric Intensive Care Units for Use in Regional Surge Capacity Planning and Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accurate assessment of New York City (NYC) pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) resources and the ability to surge them during\\u000a a disaster has been recognized as an important citywide emergency preparedness activity. However, while NYC hospitals with\\u000a PICUs may be expected to surge in a disaster, few of them have detailed surge capacity plans. This will likely make it difficult

Christiana Campbell

2010-01-01

66

Systems engineering management plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) is to prescribe the systems engineering procedures to be implemented at the Program level and the minimum requirements for systems engineering at the Program-element level. The Program level corresponds to the Director, OCRWM, or to the organizations within OCRWM to which the Director delegates responsibility for the development of the System

Conner

1985-01-01

67

Intensity-Modulated and 3D-Conformal Radiotherapy for Whole-Ventricular Irradiation as Compared With Conventional Whole-Brain Irradiation in the Management of Localized Central Nervous System Germ Cell Tumors  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To compare the sparing potential of cerebral hemispheres with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) for whole-ventricular irradiation (WVI) and conventional whole-brain irradiation (WBI) in the management of localized central nervous system germ cell tumors (CNSGCTs). Methods and Materials: Ten cases of patients with localized CNSGCTs and submitted to WVI by use of IMRT with or without a 'boost' to the primary lesion were selected. For comparison purposes, similar treatment plans were produced by use of 3D-CRT (WVI with or without boost) and WBI (opposed lateral fields with or without boost), and cerebral hemisphere sparing was evaluated at dose levels ranging from 2 Gy to 40 Gy. Results: The median prescription dose for WVI was 30.6 Gy (range, 25.2-37.5 Gy), and that for the boost was 16.5 Gy (range, 0-23.4 Gy). Mean irradiated cerebral hemisphere volumes were lower for WVI with IMRT than for 3D-CRT and were lower for WVI with 3D-CRT than for WBI. Intensity-modulated radiotherapy was associated with the lowest irradiated volumes, with reductions of 7.5%, 12.2%, and 9.0% at dose levels of 20, 30, and 40 Gy, respectively, compared with 3D-CRT. Intensity-modulated radiotherapy provided statistically significant reductions of median irradiated volumes at all dose levels (p = 0.002 or less). However, estimated radiation doses to peripheral areas of the body were 1.9 times higher with IMRT than with 3D-CRT. Conclusions: Although IMRT is associated with increased radiation doses to peripheral areas of the body, its use can spare a significant amount of normal central nervous system tissue compared with 3D-CRT or WBI in the setting of CNSGCT treatment.

Chen, Michael Jenwei, E-mail: michaelchen@einstein.b [Department of Radiation Oncology, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Silva Santos, Adriana da; Sakuraba, Roberto Kenji; Lopes, Cleverson Perceu; Goncalves, Vinicius Demanboro [Department of Radiation Oncology, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Weltman, Eduardo [Department of Radiation Oncology, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Department of Radiation Oncology, Hospital das Clinicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Ferrigno, Robson; Cruz, Jose Carlos [Department of Radiation Oncology, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

2010-02-01

68

Systems engineering management plans.  

SciTech Connect

The Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) is a comprehensive and effective tool used to assist in the management of systems engineering efforts. It is intended to guide the work of all those involved in the project. The SEMP is comprised of three main sections: technical project planning and control, systems engineering process, and engineering specialty integration. The contents of each section must be tailored to the specific effort. A model outline and example SEMP are provided. The target audience is those who are familiar with the systems engineering approach and who have an interest in employing the SEMP as a tool for systems management. The goal of this document is to provide the reader with an appreciation for the use and importance of the SEMP, as well as provide a framework that can be used to create the management plan.

Rodriguez, Tamara S.

2009-10-01

69

Personalization management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personalization management systems represent one of the most promising advances in IT and are experiencing widespread adoption in application areas such as customer relationship management, e-commerce interaction and intimacy, and employee development and training. Personalization is concerned with building a closer relationship and understanding the needs of individuals or groups of customers, whether on the Internet or not. IDC Corp.

D. L. Amoroso; B. A. Reinig

2004-01-01

70

Bridge Management Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The bridge management system (BMS) is a rational and systematic approach to organizing and carrying out the activities related to planning, designing, constructing, maintaining, rehabilitating, and replacing bridges vital to the transportation infrastruct...

S. W. Hudson R. F. Carmichael L. O. Moser W. R. Hudson W. J. Wilkes

1987-01-01

71

Training Management Information System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Training Management Information System (TMIS) is an integrated information system for all training related activities. TMIS is at the leading edge of training information systems used in the nuclear industry. The database contains all the necessary records to confirm the department's adherence to accreditation criteria and houses all test questions, student records and information needed to evaluate the training

Rackley

1989-01-01

72

Systems engineering management plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) is to prescribe the systems engineering procedures to be implemented at the Program level and the minimum requirements for systems engineering at the Program-element level. The Program level corresponds to the Director, OCRWM, or to the organizations within OCRWM to which the Director delegates responsibility for the development of the System and for coordinating and integrating the activities at the Program-element level. The Office of Policy and Outreach (OPO) and the Office of Resource Management (ORM) support the Director at the Program level. The Program-element level corresponds to the organizations within OCRWM (i.e., the Office of Geologic Repositories (OGR) and the Office of Storage and Transportation Systems (OSTS)) with overall responsibility for developing the System elements - that is, the mined geologic disposal system (MGDS), monitored retrievable storage (MRS) (if approved by Congress), and the transportation system.

Conner, C.W.

1985-10-01

73

Environmental Management System Glossary  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

LCA:  (Life-cycle assessment) Compilation and evaluation, according to a systematic set of procedures, of the inputs and outputs of materials and energy and the potential environmental impacts of a product system throughout its life cycle.   From Environmental Management System Glossary  -  Search all glossaries for terms containing "LCA"

2011-04-14

74

Microgrid Energy Management System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While key infrastructures that were not working as a result of the August 14, 2003 blackout were widely publicized, the systems that remained operational received less notice. An item of interest that has implications for better future control of the power grid is a January 2003 document from Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The report outlines new concepts for advanced Energy Management Systems for a condensed area of electrical load. The resulting interaction between these "microgrids" and the interconnecting distribution system is also discussed.

Kueck, J. D.; Staunton, S. D.; Labinov, S. D.; Kirby, B. J.

2003-01-01

75

Intensive care management of community-acquired Klebsiella pneumoniae.  

PubMed

The clinical features of 18 patients with Klebsiella pneumoniae requiring intensive care unit (ICU) management are presented. All patients required ventilatory support; 17 were given constant positive pressure ventilation and 10 required greater than 10 cm positive end expiratory pressure. The clinical picture was characteristic: pre-existing medical disease, clinical features of severe pneumonia and copious purulent bronchial secretions, Gram--ve organisms on Gram's stain and lobar consolidation on the chest radiograph were common. Septicaemic shock, confusion and uncompensated metabolic acidosis were the presenting clinical features predicting a poor outcome. Antimicrobial chemotherapy, that combined an aminoglycoside and a third generation cephalosporin to ensure adequate early antibiotic serum levels, may help to improve the prognosis. PMID:2014354

Hammond, J M; Potgieter, P D; Linton, D M; Forder, A A

1991-01-01

76

Managing Conflict in Temporary Management Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As organizational tasks have grown more complex, several innovative temporary management systems such as matrix management have been developed. The Apollo space program has been an important contribution to the development of matrix management techniques. Discusses the role of conflict within the matrix, its determinants, and the process of…

Wilemon, David L.

1973-01-01

77

Computerized training management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Computerized Training Management System (CTMS) is disclosed for providing a procedurally defined process that is employed to develop accreditable performance based training programs for job classifications that are sensitive to documented regulations and technical information. CTMS is a database that links information needed to maintain a five-phase approach to training-analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation independent of training program

H. B. Rice; R. C. McNair; K. White; T. Maugeri

1998-01-01

78

Computerized training management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Computerized Training Management System (CTMS) for providing a procedurally defined process that is employed to develop accreditable performance based training programs for job classifications that are sensitive to documented regulations and technical information. CTMS is a database that links information needed to maintain a five-phase approach to training-analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation independent of training program design. CTMS

Harold B. Rice; Robert C. McNair; Kenneth White; Terry Maugeri

1998-01-01

79

Management Information Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of papers addresses key questions facing college managers and others choosing, introducing, and living with big, complex computer-based systems. "What Use the User Requirement?" (Tony Coles) stresses the importance of an information strategy driven by corporate objectives, not technology. "Process of Selecting a Computerised MIS…

Finlayson, Jean, Ed.

1989-01-01

80

Management Information Systems Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This Management Information Systems Manual for the Illinois Community College Board (ICCB) provides basic information for submitting data to the ICCB. The manual is published every two years, and an addendum is published in the off years. It highlights and summarizes information from other documents, without being meant to replace those…

Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

81

Evaluating quality management systems.  

PubMed

This study reports how nurse administrators may approach an evaluation of their quality management (QM) initiative. Suggestions are based on the current study of a multiclinic health care system's QM plan. Tips on designing the evaluation and recommendations on how to report results are provided. Collaboration with local university researchers is suggested as a way to strengthen the process. PMID:9842176

Hetherington, L T

1998-12-01

82

The carbon budget of newly established temperate grassland depends on management intensity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The carbon exchange of managed temperate grassland, previously converted from arable rotation, was quantified for two levels of management intensities over a period of 3 years. The original field on the Swiss Central Plateau had been separated into two plots of equal size, one plot was subjected to intensive management with nitrogen inputs of 200kgha?1year?1 and frequent cutting, and the

C. Ammann; C. R. Flechard; J. Leifeld; A. Neftel; J. Fuhrer

2007-01-01

83

Intensity stability improvements for the intense pulsed neutron source accelerator system  

SciTech Connect

The Intense Pulsed Neutron Source (IPNS) accelerator system consists of a 750 keV Cockcroft-Walton preaccelerator, 50 MeV linear accelerator and a 500 MeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS). The accelerator system accelerates over 2.5 x 10/sup 12/ protons per pulse at a 30 Hz rate to strike a depleted uranium target for producing neutrons (which are used for neutron scattering research.) Since beginning operation in 1977, the beam intensity has been steadily increasing with improvements in various systems, such as a new H/sup -/ source, improved correction magnet systems, etc. Instabilities created by the higher intensities have also been under control.

Rauchas, A.; Gunderson, G.; Zolecki, R.; Stipp, V.; Volk, G.

1985-01-01

84

SLIIC: System-Level Intelligent Intensive Computing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Recently several architectural approaches have been explored that promise to hide memory latency for applications that include data-intensive applications while improving scalability The SLIIC project demonstrated and compared some of the advantages and d...

S. Crago J. Suh

2004-01-01

85

Computational Grid as an Appropriate Infrastructure for Ultra Large Scale Software Intensive Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ultra large scale (ULS) systems are future software intensive systems that have billions of lines of code, composed of heterogeneous, changing, inconsistent and independent elements that are dispersed through worldwide global networks. Huge scale of this heterology in addition to distinctive characteristics like decentralization of operation, management, deployment and evolution, continuous evolving, people participation in system operation and normal failures

Babak Rezaei Rad; Fereidoon Shams Aliee

2010-01-01

86

Building an intelligent camera management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given rapid improvements in storage devices, network infrastructure and streaming-media technologies, a large number of corporations and universities are recording lectures and making them available online for anytime, anywhere access. However, producing high-quality lecture videos is still labor intensive and expensive. Fortunately, recent technology advances are making it feasible to build automated camera management systems to capture lectures. In this

Yong Rui; Li-wei He; Anoop Gupta; Qiong Liu

2001-01-01

87

Disney's Enterprise Energy Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disney's Enterprise Energy Management Systems integrates commercial energy management systems with custom web-based energy information systems. This technology-based solution is used throughout the Walt Disney World Resort organization by administrative managers, engineering, operations and maintenance staff, and cast members. Using Disney's energy information system, each Disney business unit's energy usage is continually measured using a “utility report card.” This special

Paul J. Allen

2007-01-01

88

Manufacturing systems engineering and management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a discussion of manufacturing systems engineering and manufacturing systems management as one of the major efforts that concern systems engineers. There are many ways in which we can describe systems engineering and within this manufacturing systems engineering and management. This paper takes a multifaceted view of systems engineering. It attempts to describe systems engineering in terms of

Andrew P. Sage

1996-01-01

89

Energy management system  

SciTech Connect

An energy management system is described for reducing the power consumption of a plurality of loads and including a seven-day timer, a 24 hour timer and a fractional day timer such as a 30-minute timer, each controlling a plurality of subcircuits such that each subcircuit is operative to interrupt the flow of energy to it's associative load at selected times on weekends, in the evening and at synchronized periods throughout the day, the latter periods being synchronized with the other subcircuits, so as to reduce the peak energy demand and to improve the efficiency of the loads. The energy management system further includes circuitry for sequentially shutting down selected loads when the peak energy demand exceeds predetermined levels and circuitry for sequentially energizing the loads following a power failure.

Walden, J.O.

1980-10-14

90

A guideline management system.  

PubMed

This paper describes the architecture of NewGuide, a guide-line management system for handling the whole life cycle of a computerized clinical practice guideline. NewGuide components are organized in a distributed architecture: an editor to formalize guidelines, a repository to store them, an inference engine to implement guidelines instances in a multi-user environment, and a reporting system storing the guidelines logs in order to be able to completely trace any individual physician guideline-based decision process. There is a system "central level" that maintains official versions of the guidelines, and local Healthcare Organizations may download and implement them according to their needs. The architecture has been implemented using the Java 2 Enterprise Edition (J2EE) platform. Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) and a set of con-tracts are the key factors for the integration of NewGuide with healthcare legacy systems. They allow maintaining unchanged legacy user interfaces and connecting the system with what-ever electronic patient record. The system functionality will be illustrated in three different contexts: homecare-based pressure ulcer prevention, acute ischemic stroke treatment and heart failure management by general practitioners. PMID:15360768

Ciccarese, Paolo; Caffi, Ezio; Boiocchi, Lorenzo; Quaglini, Silvana; Stefanelli, Mario

2004-01-01

91

Building waste management core indicators through Spatial Material Flow Analysis: Net recovery and transport intensity indexes  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sustainability and proximity principles have a key role in waste management. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Core indicators are needed in order to quantify and evaluate them. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A systematic, step-by-step approach is developed in this study for their development. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Transport may play a significant role in terms of environmental and economic costs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Policy action is required in order to advance in the consecution of these principles. - Abstract: In this paper, the material and spatial characterization of the flows within a municipal solid waste (MSW) management system are combined through a Network-Based Spatial Material Flow Analysis. Using this information, two core indicators are developed for the bio-waste fraction, the Net Recovery Index (NRI) and the Transport Intensity Index (TII), which are aimed at assessing progress towards policy-related sustainable MSW management strategies and objectives. The NRI approaches the capacity of a MSW management system for converting waste into resources through a systematic metabolic approach, whereas the TII addresses efficiency in terms of the transport requirements to manage a specific waste flow throughout the entire MSW management life cycle. Therefore, both indicators could be useful in assessing key MSW management policy strategies, such as the consecution of higher recycling levels (sustainability principle) or the minimization of transport by locating treatment facilities closer to generation sources (proximity principle). To apply this methodological approach, the bio-waste management system of the region of Catalonia (Spain) has been chosen as a case study. Results show the adequacy of both indicators for identifying those points within the system with higher capacity to compromise its environmental, economic and social performance and therefore establishing clear targets for policy prioritization. Moreover, this methodological approach permits scenario building, which could be useful in assessing the outcomes of hypothetical scenarios, thus proving its adequacy for strategic planning.

Font Vivanco, David, E-mail: font@cml.leidenuniv.nl [Institut de Ciencia i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA), Departament d'Enginyeria Quimica, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona (UAB), 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona (Spain); Institute of Environmental Sciences (CML), Leiden University, P.O. Box 9518, 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Puig Ventosa, Ignasi [ENT Environment and Management, Carrer Sant Joan 39, First Floor, 08800 Vilanova i la Geltru, Barcelona (Spain); Gabarrell Durany, Xavier [Institut de Ciencia i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA), Departament d'Enginyeria Quimica, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona (UAB), 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona (Spain)

2012-12-15

92

Radiological data management system  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, a radiological data management system (RDMS) is developed that simplifies the compilation and retrieval of data relating to the occupational exposure of individuals to radiation. The system captures historical occupational dose record data, current and real time internal and external exposure data, and data pertaining to exposure to airborne contaminants. RDMS also develops reports required for ALARA analysis and permanent hard copy recordkeeping systems. The system is capable of being installed on, and interfaced with, most existing computer platforms or programs. The two main advantages of RDMS are that it reduces the time required to develop and maintain occupational exposure and radiation work permit records and that the records generated by RDMS are consistent, complete, and up-to-date.

Hofferber, G. (Halliburton NUS, Environmental Corp., Gaithersburg, MI (United States))

1992-09-01

93

Incident management systems in disaster management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Particularly since the 11 September terrorist attacks in the USA, much attention has been given to the development and implementation of incident management systems (IMS). The IMS is a tool for marshalling pre-identified and pre-assembled resources to respond to an emergency or disaster. IMS is particularly useful when personnel and resources from many agencies and jurisdictions are required to manage

Ronald W. Perry

2003-01-01

94

SEEDS: Airport Management Database System  

Microsoft Academic Search

. The article describes an airport database management system,which is a part of large simulation environment developed underthe ESPRIT project SEEDS. Airport management database is a distributedcomputing system written entirely in Java and connected tothe rest of the SEEDS system through CORBA interface. The majorityof the SEEDS modules is written in C++ and communicates throughCORBA. The airport management database consists

Tomás Hrúz; Martin Becka; Antonello Pasquarelli

2000-01-01

95

Environmental Compliance Management System  

SciTech Connect

Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) is developing the Environmental Compliance Management System (ECMS) as a comprehensive, cost-effective tool to ensure (1) that the Laboratory complies with all applicable federal and state environmental laws and regulations, (2) that environmental issues and concerns are recognized and considered in the early phases of projects; and (3) that Laboratory personnel conduct Laboratory operations in the most environmentally acceptable manner. The ECMS is an expert computer system which is designed to allow project engineers to perform an environmental evaluation of their projects. The system includes a Master Program which collects basic project information, provide utility functions, and access the environmental expert modules, environmental expert system modules for each federal and state environmental law which allows the user to obtain specific information on how an individual law may affect his project; and site-specific databases which contain information necessary for effective management of the site under environmental regulations. The ECMS will have the capability to complete and print many of the necessary environmental forms required by federal and state agencies, including the Department of Energy.

Brownson, L.W.; Krsul, T.; Peralta, R.A. (Argonne National Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)); Knudson, D.A.; Rosignolo, C.L. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States))

1992-01-01

96

Environmental Compliance Management System  

SciTech Connect

Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) is developing the Environmental Compliance Management System (ECMS) as a comprehensive, cost-effective tool to ensure (1) that the Laboratory complies with all applicable federal and state environmental laws and regulations, (2) that environmental issues and concerns are recognized and considered in the early phases of projects; and (3) that Laboratory personnel conduct Laboratory operations in the most environmentally acceptable manner. The ECMS is an expert computer system which is designed to allow project engineers to perform an environmental evaluation of their projects. The system includes a Master Program which collects basic project information, provide utility functions, and access the environmental expert modules, environmental expert system modules for each federal and state environmental law which allows the user to obtain specific information on how an individual law may affect his project; and site-specific databases which contain information necessary for effective management of the site under environmental regulations. The ECMS will have the capability to complete and print many of the necessary environmental forms required by federal and state agencies, including the Department of Energy.

Brownson, L.W.; Krsul, T.; Peralta, R.A. [Argonne National Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Knudson, D.A.; Rosignolo, C.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1992-09-01

97

A Low Intensity Rainfall Simulator and Runoff Collection System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past, rainfall simulators have been designed for high intensity events; however there is a lack of studies on the simulation of low rainfall intensities. This research presents a system capable of performing rainfall simulations over large areas with intensities as low as 15.5mm\\/h (0.6in\\/h) and a Coefficient of Variation greater than 0.8. The system consists of towers distributed

V. M. Ponte; T. C. Piechota

2001-01-01

98

Application of Risk Management to the Production Chain of Intensively Reared Fish  

Microsoft Academic Search

Principles of risk management, as a part of risk analysis, are described with respect to their application to the production chain of intensively reared fish. According to the outcomes of the FAO\\/WHO Expert Consultation on the Application of Risk Management (Rome, 1997), there are four steps: risk evaluation, risk management option assessment, implementation of management decisions, and monitoring and review.

A. Giuffrida

2003-01-01

99

Organic Farming and Landscape Structure: Effects on Insect-Pollinated Plant Diversity in Intensively Managed Grasslands  

PubMed Central

Parallel declines in insect-pollinated plants and their pollinators have been reported as a result of agricultural intensification. Intensive arable plant communities have previously been shown to contain higher proportions of self-pollinated plants compared to natural or semi-natural plant communities. Though intensive grasslands are widespread, it is not known whether they show similar patterns to arable systems nor whether local and/or landscape factors are influential. We investigated plant community composition in 10 pairs of organic and conventional dairy farms across Ireland in relation to the local and landscape context. Relationships between plant groups and local factors (farming system, position in field and soil parameters) and landscape factors (e.g. landscape complexity) were investigated. The percentage cover of unimproved grassland was used as an inverse predictor of landscape complexity, as it was negatively correlated with habitat-type diversity. Intensive grasslands (organic and conventional) contained more insect-pollinated forbs than non-insect pollinated forbs. Organic field centres contained more insect-pollinated forbs than conventional field centres. Insect-pollinated forb richness in field edges (but not field centres) increased with increasing landscape complexity (% unimproved grassland) within 1, 3, 4 and 5km radii around sites, whereas non-insect pollinated forb richness was unrelated to landscape complexity. Pollination systems within intensive grassland communities may be different from those in arable systems. Our results indicate that organic management increases plant richness in field centres, but that landscape complexity exerts strong influences in both organic and conventional field edges. Insect-pollinated forb richness, unlike that for non-insect pollinated forbs, showed positive relationships to landscape complexity reflecting what has been documented for bees and other pollinators. The insect-pollinated forbs, their pollinators and landscape context are clearly linked. This needs to be taken into account when managing and conserving insect-pollinated plant and pollinator communities.

Power, Eileen F.; Kelly, Daniel L.; Stout, Jane C.

2012-01-01

100

Organic farming and landscape structure: effects on insect-pollinated plant diversity in intensively managed grasslands.  

PubMed

Parallel declines in insect-pollinated plants and their pollinators have been reported as a result of agricultural intensification. Intensive arable plant communities have previously been shown to contain higher proportions of self-pollinated plants compared to natural or semi-natural plant communities. Though intensive grasslands are widespread, it is not known whether they show similar patterns to arable systems nor whether local and/or landscape factors are influential. We investigated plant community composition in 10 pairs of organic and conventional dairy farms across Ireland in relation to the local and landscape context. Relationships between plant groups and local factors (farming system, position in field and soil parameters) and landscape factors (e.g. landscape complexity) were investigated. The percentage cover of unimproved grassland was used as an inverse predictor of landscape complexity, as it was negatively correlated with habitat-type diversity. Intensive grasslands (organic and conventional) contained more insect-pollinated forbs than non-insect pollinated forbs. Organic field centres contained more insect-pollinated forbs than conventional field centres. Insect-pollinated forb richness in field edges (but not field centres) increased with increasing landscape complexity (% unimproved grassland) within 1, 3, 4 and 5km radii around sites, whereas non-insect pollinated forb richness was unrelated to landscape complexity. Pollination systems within intensive grassland communities may be different from those in arable systems. Our results indicate that organic management increases plant richness in field centres, but that landscape complexity exerts strong influences in both organic and conventional field edges. Insect-pollinated forb richness, unlike that for non-insect pollinated forbs, showed positive relationships to landscape complexity reflecting what has been documented for bees and other pollinators. The insect-pollinated forbs, their pollinators and landscape context are clearly linked. This needs to be taken into account when managing and conserving insect-pollinated plant and pollinator communities. PMID:22666450

Power, Eileen F; Kelly, Daniel L; Stout, Jane C

2012-05-30

101

NWCG Publication Management System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This portal provides links to documents produced by the National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG), a group consisting of agencies of the Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management, National Park Service, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Fish and Wildlife Service, and the National Association of State Foresters. Materials accessible here include NWCG qualifications documents, information on prescribed fires, training courses, job aids, and other training materials and forms. Users can also access and download the Fire Behavior Prediction and Fuel Modeling System (BEHAVE), a software package designed to model the behavior of wildfires.

2002-10-14

102

Environmental management system.  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM) Environmental Management System (EMS) is identification of environmental consequences from SNL/NM activities, products, and/or services to develop objectives and measurable targets for mitigation of any potential impacts to the environment. This Source Document discusses the annual EMS process for analysis of environmental aspects and impacts and also provides the fiscal year (FY) 2010 analysis. Further information on the EMS structure, processes, and procedures are described within the programmatic EMS Manual (PG470222).

Salinas, Stephanie A.

2010-08-01

103

PEST SUSCEPTIBILITY OF TECTONA GRANDIS UNDER INTENSIVE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN INDIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

VARMA, R. V., SAJEEV, T. V. & SUDHEENDRAKUMAR, V. V. 2007. Pest susceptibility of Tectona grandis under intensive management practices in India. The pest complex associated with intensively managed teak plantations was studied in the states of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh in India. Pests encountered in teak plantations in forest areas such as Hyblaea puera, Eutectona machaeralis and Sahyadrassus

R. V. Varma; T. V. Sajeev; V. V. Sudheendrakumar

104

Successional trajectory of loblolly pine ( Pinus taeda) plantations established using intensive management in Southern Mississippi, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although secondary succession in commercial pine plantations offers opportunities to manage for biodiversity, questions remain regarding effects of stand establishment intensity on biodiversity. Therefore, we examined 9years of post-harvest plant succession in loblolly pine plantations established under a range of intensive management regimes in Mississippi, USA, including combinations of mechanical site preparation, chemical site preparation, and herbaceous weed control. We

Phillip D. Jones; Stephen Demarais; Andrew W. Ezell

105

Root zone sensors for irrigation management in intensive agriculture.  

PubMed

Crop irrigation uses more than 70% of the world's water, and thus, improving irrigation efficiency is decisive to sustain the food demand from a fast-growing world population. This objective may be accomplished by cultivating more water-efficient crop species and/or through the application of efficient irrigation systems, which includes the implementation of a suitable method for precise scheduling. At the farm level, irrigation is generally scheduled based on the grower's experience or on the determination of soil water balance (weather-based method). An alternative approach entails the measurement of soil water status. Expensive and sophisticated root zone sensors (RZS), such as neutron probes, are available for the use of soil and plant scientists, while cheap and practical devices are needed for irrigation management in commercial crops. The paper illustrates the main features of RZS' (for both soil moisture and salinity) marketed for the irrigation industry and discusses how such sensors may be integrated in a wireless network for computer-controlled irrigation and used for innovative irrigation strategies, such as deficit or dual-water irrigation. The paper also consider the main results of recent or current research works conducted by the authors in Tuscany (Italy) on the irrigation management of container-grown ornamental plants, which is an important agricultural sector in Italy. PMID:22574047

Pardossi, Alberto; Incrocci, Luca; Incrocci, Giorgio; Malorgio, Fernando; Battista, Piero; Bacci, Laura; Rapi, Bernardo; Marzialetti, Paolo; Hemming, Jochen; Balendonck, Jos

2009-04-21

106

Root Zone Sensors for Irrigation Management in Intensive Agriculture  

PubMed Central

Crop irrigation uses more than 70% of the world’s water, and thus, improving irrigation efficiency is decisive to sustain the food demand from a fast-growing world population. This objective may be accomplished by cultivating more water-efficient crop species and/or through the application of efficient irrigation systems, which includes the implementation of a suitable method for precise scheduling. At the farm level, irrigation is generally scheduled based on the grower’s experience or on the determination of soil water balance (weather-based method). An alternative approach entails the measurement of soil water status. Expensive and sophisticated root zone sensors (RZS), such as neutron probes, are available for the use of soil and plant scientists, while cheap and practical devices are needed for irrigation management in commercial crops. The paper illustrates the main features of RZS’ (for both soil moisture and salinity) marketed for the irrigation industry and discusses how such sensors may be integrated in a wireless network for computer-controlled irrigation and used for innovative irrigation strategies, such as deficit or dual-water irrigation. The paper also consider the main results of recent or current research works conducted by the authors in Tuscany (Italy) on the irrigation management of container-grown ornamental plants, which is an important agricultural sector in Italy.

Pardossi, Alberto; Incrocci, Luca; Incrocci, Giorgio; Malorgio, Fernando; Battista, Piero; Bacci, Laura; Rapi, Bernardo; Marzialetti, Paolo; Hemming, Jochen; Balendonck, Jos

2009-01-01

107

Very high intensity fiber transmission systems  

SciTech Connect

Various applications are currently motivating interest in the transmission of very high laser intensities through optical fibers. As intensities within a fiber are increased, however, laser breakdown or laser-induced fiber damage will eventually occur and interrupt fiber transmission. For a number of years we have been studying these effects during the transmission of Q-switched, Nd/YAG laser pulses through step-index, multimode, fused-silica fiber. We have found that fiber transmission is often limited by a plasma-forming breakdown occurring at the fiber entrance face. This breakdown results in subtle surface modifications that can leave the surface more resistant to further breakdown or damage events. Catastrophic fiber damage can also occur as a result of a number of different mechanisms, with damage appearing at fiber end faces, within the initial ``entry`` segment of the fiber path, and at other internal sites due to effects related to the particular fiber routing. An overview of these past observations is presented, and issues requiring further study are identified.

Setchell, R.E.

1995-12-31

108

Management issues for high performance storage systems  

SciTech Connect

Managing distributed high-performance storage systems is complex and, although sharing common ground with traditional network and systems management, presents unique storage-related issues. Integration technologies and frameworks exist to help manage distributed network and system environments. Industry-driven consortia provide open forums where vendors and users cooperate to leverage solutions. But these new approaches to open management fall short addressing the needs of scalable, distributed storage. We discuss the motivation and requirements for storage system management (SSM) capabilities and describe how SSM manages distributed servers and storage resource objects in the High Performance Storage System (HPSS), a new storage facility for data-intensive applications and large-scale computing. Modem storage systems, such as HPSS, require many SSM capabilities, including server and resource configuration control, performance monitoring, quality of service, flexible policies, file migration, file repacking, accounting, and quotas. We present results of initial HPSS SSM development including design decisions and implementation trade-offs. We conclude with plans for follow-on work and provide storage-related recommendations for vendors and standards groups seeking enterprise-wide management solutions.

Louis, S. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Burris, R. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1995-03-01

109

Environmental management inside production systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with management of quality and environment problems of transition countries like Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is true if we say that without acceptable quality our products we can not sale it at EU markets. Many of us insisted on quality management system (QMS) but we must use and calculate with environmental management system (EMS), which means all

K. Mijanovic; J. Kopac

2005-01-01

110

Modelling of safety management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Management systems for safety and environment and audits for assessing them have been a major research topic of the last few years. This attention has been fuelled by increasing emphasis in European directives on auditable safety management systems (SMS)11The concept ‘SMS’ is used throughout this paper as a shorthand term to cover the management of all unintended risks to life,

A. R. Hale; B. H. J. Heming; J. Carthey; B. Kirwan

1997-01-01

111

Managing Plant Resources: How Intensive Can it be?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies have shown there is a wide spectrum of incipient management practices between gathering and agriculture,\\u000a that include resources commonly considered “wild.” Based on the study of 20 species used as foodstuffs in the community of\\u000a Santa Mara Tecomavaca (Mexico), we evaluated nonagricultural management forms such as gathering, incipient nonselective management,\\u000a incipient selective management and occasional ex situ cultivation

Martha Sofía González-Insuasti; Javier Caballero

2007-01-01

112

Database management system for instrument data management  

SciTech Connect

Data from many measuring devices throughout the Savannah River Site (SRS) is transmitted to a central location for processing as a vital component in the SRS emergency preparedness and response program. The data processing is currently accomplished using VAX-based FORTRAN programs with the data stored in Digital's Record Management System (RMS) files which is shared using global COMMON. A program is underway to store and process this data using a Structured Query Language (SQL)-based Database Management System (DBMS). The advantages of replacing the current system with one using an SQL-based DBMS are discussed.

Tatum, C.P.

1990-01-01

113

Asset management and governance — An analysis of fleet management process issues in an asset-intensive organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Efficient asset management is a key performance driver for asset-intensive organizations. Achieving high utilization and return on investment on physical assets are central corporate objectives for public and private organisations alike. Current approaches on asset management include the engineering and governance perspectives. The engineering perspective on asset management concentrates on the technical and operational dimensions of asset performance, including utilization,

Diaswati Mardiasmo; Stephane Tywoniak; Kerry A Brown; Kevin Burgess

2008-01-01

114

Uniform Food Service Management System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study report contains an analysis of the management of food service within the Office of the Secretary of Defense and the military departments. Procedures and organizations which inhibit an optimum food service management system are discussed. Recomme...

J. G. Holland R. M. Berkeley

1974-01-01

115

Suitable notification intensity: the dynamic awareness system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Being aware of others' activities has played a vital role in the success of online collaboration. This resulted in the emergence of many groupware systems that provide users with information about the activities of their collaborators in various manners. In virtually all current groupware systems, users are often overburdened by large amounts of unnecessary activity information. This happens because users

Yao Wang; Wolfgang Gräther; Wolfgang Prinz

2007-01-01

116

ASCOT data base management system  

SciTech Connect

The ASCOT data base management system is designed to handle the data produced by both the experimental and theoretical efforts of the DOE Atmospheric Studies in Complex Terrain (ASCOT) project. The data base envisioned is hierarchically structured, sparse, and compact. Information concerning any given data file is stored in a directory file. The data base management system uses a relational data management approach. Presently three management schema are being developed for use with the data base. 5 figures.

Barbieri, J.; Nyholm, R.; Castro, C.; Hill, K.

1980-07-01

117

Dynamic light intensity detection system of aerodrome assistance light  

Microsoft Academic Search

The techniques used in dynamic detection of airfield lighting intensity are introduced in this paper. These techniques can take place of the old method of checking all manually, and the system can detect the lights intensity online quickly and exactly, so as to find out the light faults and ensure the safety of planes taking off, landing and slipping. The

Jianshu Gao; Jiye Song; Zhijing Yu; Fei Chen; Xudong Shi; Qingji Gao

2007-01-01

118

Scoring systems in pediatric intensive care: PRISM III versus PIM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To compare the performance of two different clinical scoring systems that were developed to assess mortality probability in pediatric intensive care. Design and methods: Prospective cohort study in a multidisciplinary tertiary pediatric intensive care unit. The Pediatric Risk of Mortality score (PRISM III) and the Pediatric Index of Mortality (PIM) were collected for each patient. Standardized mortality rate (SMR),

Reinoud J. B. J. Gemke; Johannes A. van Vught

2002-01-01

119

Irreducible Truths of Software-Intensive Program Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This article argues that the odds are against a software-intensive program achieving the goals and objectives established in the initial acquisition program baseline. By most objective measures of success -- cost, schedule, and performance baselines -- al...

D. Cottengim

2006-01-01

120

Cash flow management system  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

An integrated cash flow management system and associated worksheets, including an expense worksheet and a money flow worksheet. The expense worksheet comprises a first medium having: a 3-circles block that includes alpha expenses (i.e., expenses paid every month or more frequently), a right rectangle block that include beta expenses (i.e., expenses paid less frequently than every month), and additional expenses blocks that include both alpha expenses and beta expenses. The 3-circles block may include expenses for long-term savings, investments, and insurance. The right rectangle block may include expenses for car replacement, vacations, gifts, and emergencies. The money flow worksheet comprises a second medium having: a debt workblock, a save-to-spend workblock, a savings icon, an investment icon, an insurance icon, a first directional flow indicator from the savings icon to the investment icon, and a second directional flow indicator from the insurance icon to the investment icon.

Coyle; Robert L. (Guilderland, NY)

2009-08-04

121

Computerized training management system  

DOEpatents

A Computerized Training Management System (CTMS) is disclosed for providing a procedurally defined process that is employed to develop accreditable performance based training programs for job classifications that are sensitive to documented regulations and technical information. CTMS is a database that links information needed to maintain a five-phase approach to training-analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation independent of training program design. CTMS is designed using R-Base{trademark}, an-SQL compliant software platform. Information is logically entered and linked in CTMS. Each task is linked directly to a performance objective, which, in turn, is linked directly to a learning objective; then, each enabling objective is linked to its respective test items. In addition, tasks, performance objectives, enabling objectives, and test items are linked to their associated reference documents. CTMS keeps all information up to date since it automatically sorts, files and links all data; CTMS includes key word and reference document searches. 18 figs.

Rice, H.B.; McNair, R.C.; White, K.; Maugeri, T.

1998-08-04

122

Design of Software Services for Computer-Based Infection Control and Antibiotic Management in the Intensive Care Unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increase of nosocomial infections and antibiotic resistance at the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) requires new approaches for infection control and antibiotic management. Although large hospitals have already introduced database systems for automated collection of patients' laboratory results and monitoring data, physicians and nurses are still confronted with time-consuming manual infection control. There is a lack of integrated computerized medical

Kristof Steurbaut; Sofie Van Hoecke; Kristof Taveirne; Kristof Lamont; Filip De Turck; Kirsten Colpaert; Pieter Depuydt; Dominique Benoit; Chris Danneels; Johan Decruyenaere

2009-01-01

123

POTENTIAL NUTRITIONAL STRATEGIES FOR INTENSIVELY MANAGED CATTLE DURING THERMAL STRESS 1'2  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thermal stress can impact negatively on performance of intensively managed livestock in the southern United States and other subtropical and tropical regions of the world. Three funda- mental management practices, physical protection, genetic development and nutritional manage- ment schemes, have been proposed to alleviate partially the extent and severity of thermal stress. Focus of this paper is on i) interrelationships

D. K. Beede; R. J. Collier

124

Site systems engineering: Systems engineering management plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Site Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) is the Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) implementation document for the Hanford Site Systems Engineering Policy, (RLPD 430.1) and Systems Engineering Criteria Document and Implementing Directive, (RLID...

M. L. Grygiel

1996-01-01

125

Data Management Challenges of Data-Intensive Scientific Workflows  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientific workflows play an important role in today's science. Many disciplines rely on workflow technologies to orchestrate the execution of thousands of computational tasks. Much research to-date focuses on efficient, scalable, and robust workflow execution, especially in distributed environments. However, many challenges remain in the area of data management related to workflow creation, execution, and result management. In this paper

Ewa Deelman; Ann L. Chervenak

2008-01-01

126

Sound Intensity Prediction System (SIPS): Volume I - Reference Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Sound Intensity Prediction System (SIPS) is a tool employed to reduce the number of complaints about noise from explosive operations. SIPS combines procedures for conducting explosive operations with an acoustic ray tracing computer code to determine ...

M. M. Kordich D. A. Pollet

1997-01-01

127

Net Global Warming Potential and Greenhouse Gas Intensity in Irrigated Cropping Systems in Northeastern Colorado  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of management on global warming potential (GWP), crop production, and greenhouse gas intensity (GHGI) in irrigated agriculture is not well documented. A no-till (NT) cropping systems study initiated in 1999 to evaluate soil organic carbon (SOC) se- questration potential in irrigated agriculture was used in this study to make trace gas flux measurements for 3 yr to facilitate

Arvin R. Mosier; Ardell D. Halvorson; Curtis A. Reule; Xuejun J. Liu

2006-01-01

128

Effect of channel catfish stocking rate on yield and water quality in an intensive production system  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The effect of stocking rate on production of NWAC 103 strain channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) and water quality was investigated using a completely randomized design in an intensively managed biofloc raceway system. Each of the 9 HDPE-lined raceways (4.6 m x 9.2 m with a 0.9-m water depth; 42.2...

129

Managing Time in Workflow Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Even though currently available workflow management systems (WFMSs) offer sophisticated modeling tools for specifying and analyzing workflow processes, their time management support is rudimentary. Existing time management functionality mainly addresses process simulations (to identify process bottlenecks, analyze execution durations, etc.), assignment of deadlines to activities, and triggering of process-specific exception-handling activities (referred to as escalations) when deadlines are missed during

Johann Eder; Euthimios Panagos

2001-01-01

130

Clinical Study Data Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Clinical Study Data Management Systems (CSDMSs) support the process of managing data gathered during clinical research. Clinical\\u000a research involves much more than clinical data management – for example, research-grant tracking and reporting to the sponsor\\u000a and to institutional review boards (IRBs, also called Human Investigations Committees) as well as financial management. I’ll\\u000a focus on the data-capture, reporting and query aspects,

Prakash M. Nadkarni

131

Gardens benefit bees and enhance pollination in intensively managed farmland  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent loss of pollinating insects and out-crossing plants in agricultural landscapes has raised concern for the maintenance of ecosystem services. Wild bees have been shown to benefit from garden habitats in urban and suburban areas. We investigated the effects of distance from garden habitats on wild bees and seed set of a native out-crossing plant Campanula persicifolia, in intensively

Ulrika Samnegĺrd; Anna S. Persson; Henrik G. Smith

2011-01-01

132

Smart grid management & visualization: Smart Power Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an innovation Smart Power Management System on Smart Grid. This report consists of 5 major sections: smart power system modeling; real time power system monitoring; system engineering database collection and management; grid condition checking and maintenance; smart grid power system fault analysis. Smart Power Management System enables grid management and visualization to be very effective as it

Grace Q. Tang

2011-01-01

133

Safety and Software Intensive Systems: Challenges Old and New  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an increased use of software in safety-critical systems; a trend that is likely to continue in the future. Although traditional system safety techniques are applicable to software intensive systems, there are new challenges emerging. In this report we will address four issues we believe will pose challenges in the future. First, the nature of safety is continuing to

Mats P. E. Heimdahl

2007-01-01

134

Safety and Software Intensive Systems: Challenges Old and New  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an increased use of software in safety-critical systems; a trend that is likely to continue in the future. Although traditional system safety techniques are applica- ble to software intensive systems, there are new challenges emerging. In this report we will address four issues we be- lieve will pose challenges in the future. First, the nature of safety is

Mats Per Erik Heimdahl

2007-01-01

135

Seasonal Nitrous Oxide Flux from an Intensively Managed Pasture in a Humid Subtropical Ecosystem.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Nitrous oxide (N2O) flux from vented chambers was measured over intensively and minimally managed bermuda grass hay meadows in a humid, subtropical ecosystem for several years during scheduled sampling protocol following harvest, fertilization and rainfal...

E. A. Brams W. H. Anthony G. L. Hutchinson G. P. Livingston

1989-01-01

136

Solar Data Base Management System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The data base management system that has been established at Argonne National Laboratory to handle the reliability and materials assessment data being generated by over 100 solar heating and cooling systems that are sponsored by the Department of Energy i...

I. Singh R. M. Wolosewicz H. Singh P. S. Chopra

1980-01-01

137

Development of project management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to highlight the need for organizations to synchronize the development of the complete project management system. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper concentrates on the three key areas of development for the project management system, “what we do”, “when we do it” and “how we do it”. The paper further looks at these key

Anthony Eve

2007-01-01

138

Environment protection management systems (EPMS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The environment protection management systems (EPMS), one of UTMS21 (universal traffic management systems), is administered by the National Police Agency. Its function is to reduce NOx and CO2 emitted by automobiles, thereby protecting the environment along the roadway. It does this by utilizing data on air pollution and vibrations to provide appropriate traffic information and signal controls. The result of

K. Tsubaki

1999-01-01

139

Biomass development for intensively managed loblolly pine plantations growing on Spodosols in the southeastern USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few published studies exist for intensively managed loblolly pine stands that document both above- and below-ground biomass accumulation over time. Site-specific biomass estimation equations (i.e., above-ground, above-ground+taproot, total tree including taproot, coarse roots and fine roots) for plantation-grown loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) were developed from 13 intensively managed stands (1–4 yr) established on a common soil type (Spodosols) on

H. G Adegbidi; E. J Jokela; N. B Comerford; N. F Barros

2002-01-01

140

Management issues in systems engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

When applied to a system, the doctrine of successive refinement is a divide-and-conquer strategy. Complex systems are sucessively divided into pieces that are less complex, until they are simple enough to be conquered. This decomposition results in several structures for describing the product system and the producing system. These structures play important roles in systems engineering and project management. Many

Robert Shishko; Robert G. Chamberlain; Robert Aster; Vincent Bilardo; Kevin Forsberg; Hal Mooz; Lou Polaski; Ron Wade

1993-01-01

141

Workflow management systems for guideline implementation.  

PubMed

The activities of care providers need to be coordinated within a process properly designed on the basis of available best practice medical knowledge. It requires a rethinking of the management of care processes within health-care organisations. The current workflow technology seems to offer the most convenient solution to build such cooperative systems. However, some of its present weaknesses still require an intense research effort to find solutions allowing its exploitation in real medical practice. This paper presents an approach to design and build evidence-based workflow management systems (WfMS). They can be viewed as components of a knowledge management infrastructure each health care organisation should be provided with, to increase its performance in delivering high-quality care, by efficiently exploiting the available knowledge resources. On the basis of a general methodology, we describe a WfMS implementation in the area of Stroke management; such a system, after intensive testing in our research laboratory, is now in the process of being transferred in a real working setting (a stroke unit) and integrated with an existing electronic patient record. PMID:16752059

Panzarasa, S; Stefanelli, M

2006-06-01

142

Sonographically guided high-intensity focused ultrasound for the management of uterine fibroids.  

PubMed

High-intensity focused ultrasound therapy has received increasing interest in the management of solid malignancies and benign tumors. Magnetic resonance imaging has always been used to define the target for controlling and monitoring the ablation. Recently, sonographically guided high-intensity focused ultrasound has been introduced to monitor the ablation process. This article provides an overview of the background, clinical use, and treatment outcomes of sonographically guided high-intensity focused ultrasound in the treatment of uterine fibroids. PMID:23887944

Cheung, Vincent Y T

2013-08-01

143

A systems engineering management approach to resource management applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents a program management response to the following question: how can the traditional practice of systems engineering management, including requirements specification, be adapted, enhanced, or modified to build future planning and scheduling systems for effective operations? The systems engineering management process, as traditionally practiced, is examined. Extensible resource management systems are discussed. It is concluded that extensible systems are a

R. S. Hornstein

1989-01-01

144

A data base system for pediatric intensive care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  A data base system has been designed at the pediatric intensive care unit of St. Görans Hospital in Stockholm. Information\\u000a on all cases treated during 1982 was retrieved, including information from another file containing data on inpatient stays\\u000a in the county of Stockholm. Thus an automatic follow-up study was made and the results of intensive care were expressed as\\u000a mortality

Gunnar I. Olsson

1984-01-01

145

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS OF WOOD PRODUCTION IN INTENSIVELY MANAGED PLANTATIONS 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although many of the issues raised about forest plantations are non-trivial, there are a number of significant environmental advantages of plantation establishment that appear to outweigh concerns, if plantation management practices can be developed to address concerns regarding sustainability. Fore- most among the advantages is that establishment of highly productive forest plantations can provide large quantities of wood and fiber

Jim L. Bowyer

146

Atomic and Molecular Systems in Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulses  

Microsoft Academic Search

The full quantum mechanical treatment of atomic and molecular systems exposed to intense laser pulses is a so far unsolved challenge, even for systems as small as molecular hydrogen. Therefore, a number of simplified qualitative and quantitative models have been introduced in order to provide at least some interpretational tools for experimental data. The assessment of these models describing the

A. Saenz

2008-01-01

147

Intensive mass production of Artemia in a recirculated system  

Microsoft Academic Search

An outdoor closed system for intensive Artemia biomass production was evaluated. The system integrates the use of inexpensive agro-techno products and photosynthesis to create an improved diet for culturing adult Artemia. The diet in the initial days of culture consists of microalgae, followed by a mixture of torula yeast and soy protein. No water or solids are discharged from the

Odi Zmora; Muki Shpigel

2006-01-01

148

High Intensity Focused Ultrasound Tumor Therapy System and Its Application  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the end of last century, a High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) tumor therapy system was successfully developed and manufactured in China, which has been already applied to clinical therapy. This article aims to discuss the HIFU therapy system and its application. Detailed research includes the following: power amplifiers for high-power ultrasound, ultrasound transducers with large apertures, accurate 3-D mechanical

Fucheng Sun; Ye He; Rui Li

2007-01-01

149

Changeability of Production Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern production management systems consist of transaction processing systems and decision enhancement systems. A clear example\\u000a of two such components are an ERP systems and APS systems. These systems are often standard software systems, and therefore\\u000a suitable for many different situations. This paper analyses the combination of ERP and APS from the perspective of change.\\u000a The paper builds on a

M. S. Hoogenraad; J. C. Wortmann

2007-01-01

150

Livestock management systems and methods  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

This invention relates to systems and methods for managing livestock, such as cattle, from conception to consumption. More particularly, this invention relates to systems and methods in which users, such as producers, feedlot managers, packers, buyers, sellers, and consumers, are brought together through shared information and improved communication. Users may access one or more applications, tools, and systems to increase the value of each animal, monitor and track each animal, and improve the efficiency of their operation.

2013-04-30

151

Effects of Intensive Forest Management Practices on Insect Infestation Levels and Loblolly Pine Growth  

SciTech Connect

This study investigates the relationship between intensive management practices and insect infestation, maximum growth potential studies of loblolly pine over four years using different levels of cultural treatments. Results indicate tree fertilization can increase coneworm infestation and demonstrated that tip moth management can improve initial tree growth.

Nowak, J.T.; Berisford, C.W.

2000-04-01

152

RISK MANAGEMENT AND THE ENVIRONMENT: IMPACTS AT THE INTENSIVE AND EXTENSIVE MARGINS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Risk management programs, such as subsidized crop insurance, affect production decisions at both the intensive (input use) and extensive(land use) margins. The production decisions in turn affect the environment. This paper reviews and synthesizes the literature linking risk management policies and environmental outcomes and points to future research needs.

Meredith J. Soule; R. Wesley Nimon; Daniel J. Mullarkey

2001-01-01

153

12 years of intensive management increases soil carbon stocks in Loblolly pine and Sweetgum stands  

Microsoft Academic Search

To achieve and maintain productivity goals, forest managers rely on intensive management strategies. These strategies have resulted in considerable gains in forest productivity. However, the impacts of these strategies on belowground carbon dynamics is less clear. Carbon dynamics are influenced by a multitude of factors including soil moisture, nutrient status, net primary productivity and carbon allocation patterns. In this study,

F. G. Sanchez; L. Samuelson; K. Johnsen

2009-01-01

154

Modelling nitrous oxide abatement strategies in intensive pasture systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nitrous oxide emissions from grazed pasture soils are both spatially and temporally highly variable, making accurate measurement of emissions difficult and expensive. Simulation modelling is powerful tool in evaluating best management practices for N management in a systems context. The objective of this study was to use a biophysical, mechanistic model (DairyMod) to evaluate the potential impact of a range

Richard Eckard; Ian Johnson; David Chapman

2006-01-01

155

Site systems engineering: Systems engineering management plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Site Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) is the Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) implementation document for the Hanford Site Systems Engineering Policy, (RLPD 430.1) and Systems Engineering Criteria Document and Implementing Directive, (RLID 430.1). These documents define the US Department of Energy (DOE), Richland Operations Office (RL) processes and products to be used at Hanford to implement the systems engineering

Grygiel

1996-01-01

156

Dynamic light intensity detection system of aerodrome assistance light  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The techniques used in dynamic detection of airfield lighting intensity are introduced in this paper. These techniques can take place of the old method of checking all manually, and the system can detect the lights intensity online quickly and exactly, so as to find out the light faults and ensure the safety of planes taking off, landing and slipping. The system uses a car with a string of sensors which have been cosine calibrated and v(?) calibrated to detect the light intensity. When the car is moving, the sensors can detect the lights' horizontal section. To accurately measure the distance from the measured aerodrome assistance light to the moving car, and then calculate the light intensity and protract the iso-candela curve, the Doppler ranging radar system is used. To guarantee the dependability of the system and the measurement precision, a video monitoring and guiding system is used to assure the car to run along the airfield lights line, then light orientation sensors are used to eliminate the radar's cumulating errors. The experiment indicates that this system is feasible and has high detecting precision.

Gao, Jianshu; Song, Jiye; Yu, Zhijing; Chen, Fei; Shi, Xudong; Gao, Qingji

2007-11-01

157

Memory system performance of programs with intensive heap allocation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Heap allocation with copying garbage collection is a general storage management technique for programming languages. It is believed to have poor memory system performance. To investigate this, we conducted an in-depth study of the memory system performance of heap allocation for memory systems found on many machines. We studied the performance of mostly functional Standard ML programs which made heavy

Amer Diwan; David Tarditi; Eliot Moss

1995-01-01

158

Concepts in configuration management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been considerable progress con- 1.1 Definition of Configuration Management cerning support for software configuration management Software CM is a discipline for controlling the evolution (CM) in environments and tools. This paper's intent is to of software systems. Classic discussions about CM are highlight the user concepts provided by existing CM sys- given in texts such as (3) and

Susan A. Dart

1991-01-01

159

Towards consistent performance management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Performance indicators (PIs) and performance measurement are popular topics in management literature nowadays. However, hardly ever is attention paid to the consequences of the relationships that often exist between the different PIs for designing effective, consistent performance management systems for organizations as a whole. Presents a concrete method for constructing a consistent set of PIs forming the basis of a

Simme Douwe P. Flapper; Leonard Fortuin; Paul P. M. Stoop

1996-01-01

160

Service Systems as Customer-Intensive Systems and Its Implications for Service Science and Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

What does differentiate service systems from traditional subjects of systems engineering such as manufacturing, and software? We address this issue by defining customer-intensive systems, based on ideas by Sampson (2001), and show how customer-intensive systems encompass almost all service systems. After proposing a new form of visualization for customer-intensive processes and discussing its merits and shortcomings, we argue how in

Claudio S. Pinhanez

2008-01-01

161

Indiana Medicaid Management Information System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Indiana Medicaid Management Information System (MMIS) library tape consists of (4) MMIS Copy Program libraries: Program library, Macro library, Process library, and Copy library. The library tape supports the Indiana MMIS Detail Design documentation w...

W. Gulban

1976-01-01

162

Soviet Officer Personnel Management System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

What are the major components of the Soviet Officer Personnel Management System (SOPMS). Are the prescribed procedures and the actual working procedures mutually supportive. Information analyzed was gathered from current Soviet public media documents, def...

M. L. Wood

1984-01-01

163

BIOSOLIDS DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (BDMS)  

EPA Science Inventory

Resource Purpose: see hard copy attachment "EPA's Biosolids Data Management System and Plans for Evaluating Biosolids Quality" Legislation/Enabling Authority: CWA Section 402 Supported Program: OW, OWM, OECA, ORD, OSW, Regions 1-10, states, local facilitie...

164

Thermal Management Systems and Methods.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A thermal management system for a vehicle includes a heat exchanger having a thermal energy storage material provided therein, a first coolant loop thermally coupled to an electrochemical storage device located within the first coolant loop and to the hea...

D. R. Haefner K. L. Gering

2004-01-01

165

A clinical database management system.  

PubMed

The processing of Case Report Form data collected in clinical trials is a data processing task unlike any other. Conventional systems approaches to clinical data management are not responsive to user demands and require excessive amounts of manpower to support. The Clinical Data Management System implemented at Merck utilizes Infodata 's Inquire database management software, IBM's CICS communications software, IBM's VSAM file management software, and SAS Institute's SAS software. System flexibility was the paramount consideration when the CDMS was designed. Clinical data at Merck is now processed on a system that provides on-line ad hoc retrieval capabilities through a user friendly query language, and allows for drug specific database designs coupled with a common update and retrieval mechanism. PMID:10278245

Schwartz, S; George, R; Owenr, J; Edson, J

1984-01-01

166

A time resolved intense pulsed light spectral analysis system.  

PubMed

Intense pulsed light systems are currently in widespread use in clinical applications. Verification of spectral content and associated pulse waveforms is, however, not featured in product support and calibration. A measurement system was developed to determine the spectral output of such sources within a series of discrete wavelength intervals. Such a system utilised a series of 11 broadband optical filters with centre wavelengths within the range 450-950 nm in circuit with silicon photodiodes as optical detectors. Signals were captured using a low cost 8-channel 16-bit universal serial bus data capture module interfaced to a laptop computer. This allowed the pulse profile of selected filter components to be separately captured and analysed. Calibration of individual filter channels was undertaken using a Bentham dmc150 spectroradiometer and reference tungsten light source. Initial measurements undertaken of the intense pulsed light output of a Lumenis One system using the system are described. PMID:17468898

Clarkson, D M; Gill, D; Odeke, M

2007-04-28

167

Clustera: an integrated computation and data management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces Clustera, an integrated computation and data management system. In contrast to traditional cluster- management systems that target specific types of workloads, Clustera is designed for extensibility, enabling the system to be easily extended to handle a wide variety of job types ranging from computationally-intensive, long-running jobs with minimal I\\/O requirements to complex SQL queries over massive relational

David J. Dewitt; Erik Paulson; Eric Robinson; Jeffrey F. Naughton; Joshua Royalty; Srinath Shankar; Andrew Krioukov

2008-01-01

168

Time is traded for intensity in the bat's auditory system.  

PubMed

Disparities in time and intensity are the two chief cues animals use for localizing a sound source in space. Echolocating bats belonging to the family Molossidae emit brief, ultrasonic signals for orientation that sweep downward about an octave over the duration of the pulse. Due to acoustic shadowing and the directional properties of the ears, pronounced interaural intensity disparities are created that vary as a function of azimuth. However, due to the small headwidth of these animals, azimuthal changes create small interaural time disparities that are at most 30 microseconds. The experiments in this report are concerned with the binaural processing of time and intensity disparities using brief FM signals that simulate the animal's natural echolocation calls. Binaural neurons receiving excitation from one ear and inhibition from the other (E-I neurons) were recorded from the inferior colliculus of Mexican free-tailed bats. The majority of units sampled were highly sensitive for temporal disparities of 100-300 microseconds, and a few had significant changes in discharge probability when interaural time was changed by 10-20 microseconds. However, all E-I neurons were also sensitive to intensity disparities. With only one exception, all E-I neurons traded time for intensity. On the average, each decibel difference in intensity could be compensated for by advancing or delaying the inhibitory sound by 47 microseconds. The main conclusion is that the auditory system processes interaural disparities by transforming level differences at the two ears into latency differences. Thus the discharge probability of each binaural neuron is determined largely by the arrival times of the discharges from the excitatory and inhibitory ears. In view of the substantial time-intensity trading ratios, the small interaural time disparities produced by azimuthal locations off the midline play no role in shaping the response properties of these neurons. Specific examples of how time-intensity trades can translate into a high spatial selectivity are presented. PMID:3209486

Pollak, G D

1988-11-01

169

Environmental Management System Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Executive Order 13423, Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management establishes the policy that Federal agencies conduct their environmental, transportation, and energy-related activities in a manner that is environmentally, economically and fiscally sound, integrated, continually improving, efficient, and sustainable. The Department of Energy (DOE) has approved DOE Order 450.1A, Environmental Protection Program and DOE Order 430.2B, Departmental Energy, Renewable Energy

Robert Fox; Patrick Thorson; Blair Horst; John Speros; Nancy Rothermich; Howard Hatayama

2009-01-01

170

A Systems Approach to Curriculum Innovation in Intensive English Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of innovation in college and university intensive English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) programs uses a systems approach to analyze program elements (constituencies, decision-makers, purpose, performance measures, environments, resources, subsystems, and boundaries) and describes new program initiatives at the University of Pennsylvania.…

Young, Richard

171

A novel 100 watt High Intensity Focused Ultrasound driving system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ultrasound B-Mode imaging systems are often used to image tissues to which High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) is being applied. Since HIFU operates at frequencies in the same range as a B-mode imager, the two technologies interfere when they are simultaneously applied to the patient. This causes the imaging window to “whiteout” and obscure the target region, thus defeating the

David A. Steines; Kie-Bum Eom; Thomas Manuccia; Vesna Zderic

2008-01-01

172

The large-scale structure of software-intensive systems  

PubMed Central

The computer metaphor is dominant in most discussions of neuroscience, but the semantics attached to that metaphor are often quite naive. Herein, we examine the ontology of software-intensive systems, the nature of their structure and the application of the computer metaphor to the metaphysical questions of self and causation.

Booch, Grady

2012-01-01

173

Digital content management: the search for a content management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital content management system is a software system that provides preservation, organization and dissemination services for digital collections. By adapting the systems analysis process, the University of Arizona Library analyzed its needs and developed content management system requirements for finding a suitable information system that addresses the increasing needs of digital content management. Dozens of commercial and open source candidates

Yan Han

2004-01-01

174

Hydrologic and biogeochemical functioning of intensively managed catchments: A synthesis of top-down analyses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper synthesizes a 3-year collaborative effort to characterize the biogeochemical and hydrological features of intensively managed agricultural catchments by combining data analysis, modeling, and preliminary hypothesis testing. The specific focus was on the Midwestern region of the United States. The results suggest that: (1) water management, specifically the homogenization of evapotranspiration losses driven by mono-cultural vegetation cover, and the homogenization of runoff generation driven by artificial drainage, has created engineered, predictable hydrologic systems; (2) nutrient and pesticide management, specifically their regular applications have created two kinds of biogeochemical export regimes: chemostatic (low variability in concentration as exhibited by nitrate) and episodic (high variability in concentration as exhibited by pesticides); (3) coupled mass-balance models for water and solutes reproduce these two regimes as a function of chemical rate constants. Phosphorus transport regimes were found to be episodic at smaller spatial scales, but chemostatic at larger scales. Chemostatic response dominates in transport-limited catchments that have internal sources of the solute to buffer the periodicity in episodic inputs, while episodic response dominates in source-limited catchments. The shift from episodic nitrate export in pristine catchments to chemostatic regimes in managed watersheds was attributed to legacy stores of nitrogen (built from continued fertilizer applications) that buffer interannual variations in biogeochemical processing. Fast degradation kinetics of pesticides prevents the build-up of legacy sources, and leads to episodic export. Analytical expressions were derived for the probability density functions of solute delivery ratio as a function of the stochastics of rainfall-runoff events and biogeochemical controls.

Basu, Nandita B.; Thompson, Sally E.; Rao, P. Suresh C.

2011-10-01

175

Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS) Configuration Management Plan. Revision 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document describes the Software Configuration Management (SCM) approach and procedures to be utilized in developing and maintaining the Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS). The configuration management procedures are necessary to ensure...

R. S. Weidert

1994-01-01

176

The effects of self-pain management on the intensity of pain and pain management methods in arthritic patients.  

PubMed

The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of pain management education on the intensity of pain and frequency of utilization of pain management methods in two groups of patients with arthritis of different pathogenesis and clinical features, and to compare whether a significant difference existed between the two groups. The study was carried out between September 2007 and June 2008 on 30 female patients with gonarthrosis and 30 female patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) followed at the rheumatology outpatient clinic of a university hospital. Data on sociodemographic characteristics and those related with the illness were collected using a special survey. Each patient was given information about the features, causes, and treatment of the arthritis and how to cope with pain, emphasizing the importance of pain management methods. The intensity of pain and efficacy of pain management methods were assessed using the McGill Pain Questionnaire and the Pain Management Inventory at baseline and the second and sixth weeks after the education. The SPSS (v15.0) statistical package was used for statistical analysis. After education, significant improvements in pain intensity scores compared with baseline scores were observed in both groups (p < .05), and there was no significant difference between the RA and gonarthrosis groups. Among the various pain management methods, the education program led to significantly more utilization of massaging the painful area, exercising, and using complementary methods to control stress in both groups of patients, and there was no significant difference between the groups. In conclusion, the pain management education given in this study alleviated the intensity of pain and significantly increased the use of some pain management methods in both gonarthrosis and RA cases. PMID:23972864

Parlar, Serap; Fadiloglu, Cicek; Argon, Gulumser; Tokem, Yasemin; Keser, Gokhan

2011-02-08

177

Early gains from planting large-diameter seedlings and intensive management are additive for loblolly pine  

Microsoft Academic Search

A seedling size\\/intensive management study with Pinustaeda L. was established in 1993 on two sites in the CoastalPlain of Georgia and South Carolina. Each site contained a 2 × 2split-plot study involving two seedling sizes and two levels ofestablishment intensity. Ideotype ``B'' seedlings averaged 5.0 mmin diameter (at the root collar) and were 43 cm tall. Ideotype``A'' seedlings averaged 8.5

David B. South; James L. Rakestraw; George A. Lowerts

2001-01-01

178

Management of severe sepsis in patients admitted to Asian intensive care units: prospective cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives To assess the compliance of Asian intensive care units and hospitals to the Surviving Sepsis Campaign’s resuscitation and management bundles. Secondary objectives were to evaluate the impact of compliance on mortality and the organisational characteristics of hospitals that were associated with higher compliance.Design Prospective cohort study.Setting 150 intensive care units in 16 Asian countries.Participants 1285 adult patients with severe

Jason Phua; Younsuck Koh; Bin Du; Yao-Qing Tang; Jigeeshu V Divatia; Cheng Cheng Tan; Charles D Gomersall; Mohammad Omar Faruq; Babu Raja Shrestha; Nguyen Gia Binh; Yaseen M Arabi; Nawal Salahuddin; Bambang Wahyuprajitno; Mei-Lien Tu; Ahmad Yazid Haji Abd Wahab; Akmal A Hameed; Masaji Nishimura; Mark Procyshyn; Yiong Huak Chan

2011-01-01

179

Integration of quality and environmental management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses quality and environmental management systems integration. Concepts of a system and a “system of systems” are addressed, followed by a description of different management systems, and their interrelations and integration. Subsequently, strategies for integration of the quality system based on the ISO 9001 standard and the ISO 14001 environmental management system are presented. The harmonization of related audit sub-systems,

Stanislav Karapetrovic; Walter Willborn

1998-01-01

180

SIVA: A Hybrid Knowledge-and-Model-Based Advisory System for Intensive Care Ventilators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Sheffield Intelligent Ventilator Advisor is a hybrid knowledge-and-model-based advisory system designed for intensive care ventilator management. It consists of a top-level fuzzy rule-based module to give the qualitative component of the advice, and a lower-level model-based module to give the quantitative component of the advice. It is structured to offer adaptive patient-specific decision support. It can be operated in

Hoi-Fei Kwok; Derek A. Linkens; Mahdi Mahfouf; Gary H. Mills

2004-01-01

181

Demil planning and management system  

SciTech Connect

The National Maintenance Point (NMP) Branch of the US Army Industrial Operations Command (IOC) serves as the Single Manager for Conventional Ammunition (SMCA) agent for managing the renovation, modification, recycling, and disposal of conventional ammunition, thereby improving readiness. The mission of the NMP includes program management for demilitarization (demil) activities, ammunition maintenance, and ammunition peculiar equipment (APE) projects. Through an Interagency Agreement between the US Army and the US Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) is developing an integrated data management system, called the Demil Planning and Management System (DPMS), for IOC. DPMS is intended to help NMP efficiently manage information on ongoing demil project activities and asset inventories, plan future projects, and allocate budgets. This system, when fully implemented, will also make it possible for the user community to interactively access the DPMS database; perform data entry and queries; and run reports through network, modem, and Internet access to the system. This paper describes the principal components of the DPMS, current capabilities, and planned enhancements.

Huber, C.C.; Bormet, S.M.; Whitfield, R.G.; Bowen, M.; Chun, K.C. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Golden, R.E. [Army Pacific, Fort Shafter, HI (United States); Fuller, R. [Army Industrial Operations Command, Rock Island, IL (United States). National Maintenance Point Branch

1997-08-01

182

Intentional Systems Management: Managing Forests for Biodiversity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conservation of biodiversity provides for economic, social, and environmental sustainability. Intentional management is designed to manage conflicts among groups with conflicting interests. Our goal was to ascertain if intentional management and principles of conservation of biodiversity could be combined into upland and riparian forest management strategies that would be applicable to various land ownerships and, consequently, help resolve land allocation

Andrew B. Carey; Bruce R. Lippke; John Sessions

1999-01-01

183

Integrated safety management system verification: Volume 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Department of Energy (DOE) Policy (P) 450.4, Safety Management System Policy, commits to institutionalizing an Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) throughout the DOE complex. The DOE Acquisition Regulations (DEAR 48 CFR 970) requires contractors to manage and perform work in accordance with a documented Integrated Safety Management System. The Manager, Richland Operations Office (RL), initiated a combined Phase 1 and

1998-01-01

184

Project, systems and risk management processes interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses three major concepts: projects, risk, and systems management. Systems and project management consider risk management as an integral part of their processes. Risk management is used to avoid any failure or crisis during their life cycles. Projects have well defined life cycles during which the risk is defined, controlled, and managed. Systems, on the other hand, have

Baqer Alali; Ariel Pinto

2009-01-01

185

Site systems engineering: Systems engineering management plan  

SciTech Connect

The Site Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) is the Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) implementation document for the Hanford Site Systems Engineering Policy, (RLPD 430.1) and Systems Engineering Criteria Document and Implementing Directive, (RLID 430.1). These documents define the US Department of Energy (DOE), Richland Operations Office (RL) processes and products to be used at Hanford to implement the systems engineering process at the site level. This SEMP describes the products being provided by the site systems engineering activity in fiscal year (FY) 1996 and the associated schedule. It also includes the procedural approach being taken by the site level systems engineering activity in the development of these products and the intended uses for the products in the integrated planning process in response to the DOE policy and implementing directives. The scope of the systems engineering process is to define a set of activities and products to be used at the site level during FY 1996 or until the successful Project Hanford Management Contractor (PHMC) is onsite as a result of contract award from Request For Proposal DE-RP06-96RL13200. Following installation of the new contractor, a long-term set of systems engineering procedures and products will be defined for management of the Hanford Project. The extent to which each project applies the systems engineering process and the specific tools used are determined by the project`s management.

Grygiel, M.L. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1996-05-03

186

Purchasers rap facility management systems  

SciTech Connect

Purchasers of facility management systems are increasingly dissatisified with the performance and reliability of their systems. Problems of start-up delay and malfunctioning have limited the energy-saving potential and have sometimes taken years to correct in multi-building installations. Manufacturers acknowledge that their salesmen are frequently more eager to sell than knowledgeable about their customer's needs. They contend that the majority of customers are satisfied and well served and point out that customer expectations should be realistic and should include a commitment to skilled supervision of the equipment's use. Specific situations and comments are cited by representatives of the management systems industry.

Edwards, P.L.

1978-10-09

187

Escalations in Workflow Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Workflow management systems (WFMSs) have been used to support the modeling, execution, andmonitoring of business processes. Business processes consist of multiple activities, and their enactmentis carried out by human agents and software systems. Typically, business processes and the activitiesconstituting them have deadlines. When an activity misses its deadline, special actions may be triggered,referred to as escalation. Escalations affect business processes,

E. Panagos; M. Rabinovich

1996-01-01

188

Airborne Battle Management System (ABMS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Navy under the Airborne Battle Management System (ABMS) program, sponsored by ONR Code 31 (Command, Control and Combat Systems) and executed by NAVAIR, is addressing the shifting focus of naval operations to power projection in a littoral environment, as expressed in “Forward from the Sea” and “Operational Maneuver from the Sea”. To effectively project naval power into the littoral

G. Mersten

2000-01-01

189

Energy management systems go modular  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports that following the oil embargoes of 1973 and 1979, energy management systems for buildings flooded a market hungry for any method of conserving resources, which Americans were being told might run out at any minute. The systems were designed to regulate heating, air conditioning, lighting, and other energy-consuming functions more effectively by using centralized controls. Although complex

Eisenstein

1987-01-01

190

The power management reporting system  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is no simple way to accomplish the placement of remote Energy Management System (EMS) consoles, considering the design of the current EMS. The proposed replacement EMS will provide remote console capability, however the new system is several years away. A cost effective means of providing the company with the needed data in the interim is via the corporate mainframe

Gunn

1992-01-01

191

Management Information System. User Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A manual for use by the South Carolina Office of Child Development (OCD) Management Information System is provided. The information in the system is based on three forms concerning day care centers: the Center form, the employee form, and the client / gua...

1976-01-01

192

Threat response management system (TRMS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the motivations, concept of operation, and architecture of a threat response management system (TRMS): an information-integrated, dynamically reconfigurable, simulation-based decision support system that is deployable as (i) a dynamic planning and threat readiness training tool and (ii) an emergency response execution decision support tool. TRMS functions include (i) automated threat detection, (ii) collaborative (multinational and multiagency) plan development,

Perakath Benjamin; Satheesh Ramachandran

2003-01-01

193

Management Information and Library Management Systems: An Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides an overview of the facilities for management information in library management systems. Highlights include the relationship between transaction processing systems, management information systems, and decision support systems; a review of previous work; enquiries and standard reports relating to library operations; report generators; and…

Fisher, Shelagh; Rowley, Jennifer

1994-01-01

194

Safeguards Information Management Systems (SIMS)  

SciTech Connect

The requirements for the management of information at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and its Department of Safeguards are rapidly changing. Historically, the Department of Safeguards has had the requirement to process large volumes of conventional safeguards information. An information management system is currently in place that adequately handles the IAEA`s conventional safeguards data needs. In the post-Iraq environment, however, there is a growing need to expand the IAEA information management capability to include unconventional forms of information. These data include environmental sampling results, photographs, video film, lists of machine tools, and open-source materials such as unclassified publications. The US Department of Energy (DOE) has responded to this information management need by implementing the Safeguards Information Management Systems (SIMS) initiative. SIMS was created by the DOE to anticipate and respond to IAEA information management needs through a multilaboratory initiative that will utilize an integrated approach to develop and deploy technology in a timely and cost-effective manner. The DOE will use the SIMS initiative to coordinate US information management activities that support the IAEA Department of Safeguards.

Sorenson, R.J.; Sheely, K.B. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States); Brown, J.B. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Horton, R.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Strittmatter, R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Manatt, D.R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1994-04-01

195

Scheduling-capable autonomic manager for policy-based IT change management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Managing large IT environments is expensive and labour intensive. Maintaining and upgrading with minimal disruption and administrative support has always been a challenging task for system administrators. One challenge faced by IT administrators is arriving at schedules for applying one or more change requests to one of the system components. Most of the time, the impact analysis of the proposed

Hady S. AbdelSalam; Kurt Maly; Ravi Mukkamala; Mohammad Zubair; David Kaminsky

2010-01-01

196

Chicken Management Systems and Egg Production in Delta State Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study was necessitated by the need to stir the minds of chicken egg producers towards adopting the best chicken management system. The extensive system of rearing chicken for egg is old and still remained the most popular in the study area. Commercial eggs production was carried out on a large scale by the few farmers who practiced the intensive

B. O. Ovwigho; L. Bratte; J. O. Isikwenu

2009-01-01

197

Business Management Information System (BMIS): Procedures Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Interim Energy Technology policy guidelines for implementation, management, and operation of the ET Business Management Information System (ET-BMIS) are established. The objective of the ET-BMIS, the ET financial management information system for addressn...

1978-01-01

198

Managing Frequent Updates in R-Trees for Update-Intensive Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Managing frequent updates is greatly important in many update-intensive applications, such as location-aware services, sensor networks, and stream databases. In this paper, we present an R-tree-based index structure (called Rsb-tree, R-tree with semibulk loading) for efficiently managing frequent updates from massive moving objects. The concept of semibulk loading is exploiting a small in-memory buffer to defer, buffer, and group the

Moon-bae Song; Hiroyuki Kitagawa

2009-01-01

199

Management of deep Candida infection in surgical and intensive care unit patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

DeepCandida infections are increasing in incidence, especially in non-neutropenic, intensive care patients including neonates. The attributable mortality of candidaemia andcandida peritonitis is 37–38% with a 57% overall mortality. The BSAC set up a working party to develop recommendations for management in the absence of controlled trials. These recommendations focus on the role of the microbiology laboratory, management strategies, the respective

D. W. Denning; R. J. Hay; D. W. R. Mackenzie

1994-01-01

200

Performance of the Intense Pulsed Neutron Source Accelerator System  

SciTech Connect

The performance of the Intense Pulsed Neutron Source (IPNS) Accelerator System is reported, including an increase in average beam current to 13.4 microamperes and increased reliability to 93.2%. Brief discussions are given for the performance of the major accelerator subsystems, including the H/sup -/ ion source and preaccelerator, the 50 MeV linac, and the synchrotron and its subsystems. (LEW)

Brumwell, F.; Potts, C.; Rauchas, A.; Stipp, V.; Volk, G.

1986-09-22

201

Operational Management System for Regulated Water Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Most of the Dutch large rivers, canals and lakes are controlled by the Dutch water authorities. The main reasons concern safety, navigation and fresh water supply. Historically the separate water bodies have been controlled locally. For optimizating management of these water systems an integrated approach was required. Presented is a platform which integrates data from all control objects for monitoring and control purposes. The Operational Management System for Regulated Water Systems (IWP) is an implementation of Delft-FEWS which supports operational control of water systems and actively gives advice. One of the main characteristics of IWP is that is real-time collects, transforms and presents different types of data, which all add to the operational water management. Next to that, hydrodynamic models and intelligent decision support tools are added to support the water managers during their daily control activities. An important advantage of IWP is that it uses the Delft-FEWS framework, therefore processes like central data collection, transformations, data processing and presentation are simply configured. At all control locations the same information is readily available. The operational water management itself gains from this information, but it can also contribute to cost efficiency (no unnecessary pumping), better use of available storage and advise during (water polution) calamities.

van Loenen, A.; van Dijk, M.; van Verseveld, W.; Berger, H.

2012-04-01

202

Work hours, work intensity, satisfactions and psychological well-being among hotel managers in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship of work intensity and of work hours on potential antecedents and work and well-being consequences. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Data are collected from 309 male and female managers working in 3-, 4- and 5-star hotels in Beijing, China using anonymously completed questionnaires with a 90 percent response rate. Findings –

Lisa Fiksenbaum; Wang Jeng; Mustafa Koyuncu; Ronald J. Burke

2010-01-01

203

Innovative solutions: sample financial management business plan: neurosurgical intensive care unit.  

PubMed

This article describes one institution's intention to implement a financial management business plan for a neurosurgical intensive care unit in a level I trauma center. The financial objective of this proposed business plan includes a service increase in the patient population requiring critical care in a way that will help control costs. PMID:20703129

Villanueva-Baldonado, Analiza; Barrett-Sheridan, Shirley E

204

Secure, Efficient Data Transport and Replica Management for High-Performance Data-Intensive Computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

After studying data-intensive, high-performance computing applications such as high- energy physics and climate modeling, we conclude that these applications require two fundamental data management services: secure, reliable, efficient transfer of data in wide area environments and the ability to register and locate multiple copies of data sets. In this paper, we present our design of these services in the Globus

William E. Allcock; Joseph Bester; John Bresnahan; Ann L. Chervenak; Ian T. Foster; Carl Kesselman; Sam Meder; Veronika Nefedova; Darcy Quesnel; Steven Tuecke

2001-01-01

205

Parent views of infant pain and pain management in the neonatal intensive care unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is well established that infant pain is an important concern of parents, but little is known about the knowledge and expectations of parents regarding their infant's pain or about parents' involvement in their infant's care and satisfaction with pain management by neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) staff. Parents have an important role to play in helping health care professionals

Linda S. Franck; Kim Scurr; Sue Couture

2001-01-01

206

Nutritional support in the management of critically ill patients in surgical intensive care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nutritional support is given to many patients in surgical intensive care after major trauma and serious sepsis but rarely after major elective surgery. We have quantified the changes in body composition that occur in these patients and have found that serious losses of body protein still occur after trauma and sepsis despite nutritional support. Correct nutritional management of critically ill

Stephen J. Streat; Graham L. Hill

1987-01-01

207

Managed Care, Technology Adoption, and Health Care: The Adoption of Neonatal Intensive Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Managed care may influence technology diffusion in health care. This article empirically examines the relationship between HMO market share and the diffusion of neonatal intensive care units. Higher HMO market share is associated with slower adoption of mid-level units, but not with adoption of the most advanced high-level units. Opposite the common supposition that slowing technology growth will harm patients,

Laurence C. Baker; Ciaran S. Phibbs

2002-01-01

208

Comparison of management intensive grazing and continuous grazing in beef cattle pasture  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Management intensive grazing (MIG) offers the potential to increase the financial profitability and productivity of grazing beef and dairy farms in Appalachian Ohio, with minimum environmental impacts. The objective of the project was to compare MIG with conventional continuous grazing (CG) and rela...

209

Intensive Case Management for Homeless People with Alcohol and Other Drug Proplems  

Microsoft Academic Search

An intensive casc management program designed to be ellcclive with homeless persons affected by alcohol and other drug problems was implemented and rigorously evaluated The service demonstration site for the Denver project was Arapahoe House, Colorado's largest and most comprehensive substance abuse treatment center. The evaluation research efforts was conducted by the University of Denver. This project implemented an innovative

Micheal W. Kirby; G. Nicholas Braucht

1993-01-01

210

Complex project crisis management grid system design  

Microsoft Academic Search

On the basis of literature review on complex project crisis management, it points out the insufficiency of existing complex project crisis management: dispersed resources, lack of collaborative work and weak capacity of dynamic crisis management. It designs complex project crisis management grid system according to the structure of complex project gird elements and complex project crisis management procedure. The system

Wang Aimin

2011-01-01

211

Bench-to-bedside review: Leadership and conflict management in the intensive care unit  

PubMed Central

In the management of critical care units, leadership and conflict management are vital areas for the successful performance of the unit. In this article a practical approach to define competencies for leadership and principles and practices of conflict management are offered. This article is, by lack of relevant intensive care unit (ICU) literature, not evidence based, but it is the result of personal experience and a study of literature on leadership as well on conflicts and negotiations in non-medical areas. From this, information was selected that was recognisable to the authors and, thus, also seems to be useful knowledge for medical doctors in the ICU environment.

Strack van Schijndel, Rob JM; Burchardi, Hilmar

2007-01-01

212

Data management system  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A computer implemented system for processing selected data from a raw data file having a plurality of data sets arranged according to a repeating fixed format includes a plurality of processing sequences. A first sequence creates output files, each corresponding to a data set and having a common format, by sequentially processing the data sets according to a first meta-program. A second sequence generates a first data structure by processing each output file according to a second meta-program, the first data structure including data arrangements corresponding to the output files. A third sequence generates a second data structure by processing the first data structure according to a third meta-program, the second data structure including a tabular arrangement of data including data from each data arrangement. A fourth sequence processes the second data structure and provides an output configured to facilitate analysis of the data.

2012-11-20

213

Towards mosques management information system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Databases, automation of work, and e-government have become essential for the provision of quality government services, quality management of governmental services, and efficient provision of these services in cost effective way. In this paper, we present the design and development of real database system that is web based and that is accessible from everywhere in Egypt. The model is suitable

H. El-Gendy; A. Samir; M. Gebriel; N. Debnath; N. El Kadhi

2009-01-01

214

BUILDING A MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statistics are an important tool in management decision-making. Every area of the library performs work that is measurable in some way. In many libraries data on collection activities results from daily routines, and is facilitated by integrated library systems, but the collection of data on reference activities is left to periodic sampling, generated by hand tallying. In 1994 at the

Nancy Burford

215

Utilities systems management - Flying demonstrator  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design and operation of the utilities systems management (USM) hardware developed for the UK Experimental Aircraft Program (EAP) demonstrator are presented in extensive drawings and diagrams and briefly characterized. The USM links the basic aircraft systems (fuel, engine, environmental control, secondary power, hydraulics, etc.) to the avionics or mission bus. It comprises a dedicated MIL-STD-1553B bus, distributed data-acquisition units

I. Moir; P. H. Capener

1986-01-01

216

Managing Large Scale Network Model for Energy Management Systems & Business Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior to the start up of the standard market design (SMD-2), the New York independent system operator (NYISO) used various tools to maintain and update three network models used to support the energy management system (EMS) and business management systems (BMS) applications. The process of maintaining and updating the network models for EMS & BMS applications became more challenged and

De Tran; E. Haq

2007-01-01

217

Integrated safety management system verification: Volume 2  

Microsoft Academic Search

Department of Energy (DOE) Policy (P) 450.4, Safety Management System Policy, commits to institutionalization of an Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) throughout the DOE complex. The DOE Acquisition Regulations (DEAR, 48 CFR 970) requires contractors to manage and perform work in accordance with a documented Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS). Guidance and expectations have been provided to PNNL by incorporation

1998-01-01

218

Influence of surgical treatment timing on mortality from necrotizing soft tissue infections requiring intensive care management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  Surgical treatment is crucial in the management of necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTIs). The aim of this study was to\\u000a determine the influence of surgical procedure timing on hospital mortality in severe NSTI.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A retrospective study including 106 patients was conducted in a medical intensive care unit equipped with a hyperbaric chamber.\\u000a Data regarding pre-existing conditions, intensive care and surgical

Alexandre Boyer; Frederic Vargas; Fanny Coste; Elodie Saubusse; Yves Castaing; Georges Gbikpi-Benissan; Gilles Hilbert; Didier Gruson

2009-01-01

219

Atomic and Molecular Systems in Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The full quantum mechanical treatment of atomic and molecular systems exposed to intense laser pulses is a so far unsolved challenge, even for systems as small as molecular hydrogen. Therefore, a number of simplified qualitative and quantitative models have been introduced in order to provide at least some interpretational tools for experimental data. The assessment of these models describing the molecular response is complicated, since a comparison to experiment requires often a number of averages to be performed. This includes in many cases averaging of different orientations of the molecule with respect to the laser field, focal volume effects, etc. Furthermore, the pulse shape and even the peak intensity is experimentally not known with very high precision; considering, e.g., the exponential intensity dependence of the ionization signal. Finally, experiments usually provide only relative yields. As a consequence of all these averagings and uncertainties, it is possible that different models may successfully explain some experimental results or features, although these models disagree substantially, if their predictions are compared before averaging. Therefore, fully quantum-mechanical approaches at least for small atomic and molecular systems are highly desirable and have been developed in our group. This includes efficient codes for solving the time-dependent Schrodinger equation of atomic hydrogen, helium or other effective one- or two-electron atoms as well as for the electronic motion in linear (effective) one-and two-electron diatomic molecules like H_2.Very recently, a code for larger molecular systems that adopts the so-called single-active electron approximation was also successfully implemented and applied. In the first part of this talk popular models describing intense laser-field ionization of atoms and their extensions to molecules are described. Then their validity is discussed on the basis of quantum-mechanical calculations. Finally, some peculiar molecular strong-field effects and the possibility of strong-field control mechanisms will be demonstrated. This includes phenomena like enhanced ionization and bond softening as well as the creation of vibrational wavepacket in the non-ionized electronic ground state of H_2 by creating a Schrodinger-cat state between the ionized and the non-ionized molecules. The latter, theoretically predicted phenomenon was very recently experimentally observed and lead to the real-time observation of the so far fastest molecular motion.

Saenz, A.

2008-07-01

220

MANAGING SOIL FERTILITY IN DIVERSE DRYLAND CROPPING SYSTEMS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Management of fertilizer in intensive no-till dryland cropping systems is important to their economic and environmental sustainability. In the past, much work has been done on the fertilizer requirements of traditional stubble-mulch tillage wheat-fallow (WF). However, with the increase in biomass pr...

221

Configuration management plan for the Automated Transportation Management System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document describes the Software Configuration Management (SCM) approach and procedures to be utilized in ensuring and controlling the development process of the Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS). The sponsor has identified ATMS and it...

S. K. Genoni

1994-01-01

222

Hydrologic response of northern wetlands to silvicultural water management systems  

SciTech Connect

Two types of water management systems are used to ameliorate saturated soil conditions which limit silvicultural operations and site productivity in northern wetlands. The pattern ditch system is an intensive drainage network designed to regulate water table depth in peat soils. The prescription drainage system is a low-intensity drainage system that is used to develop apparent drainage patterns in mineral and histic-mineral soils. These water management systems may either increase or decrease peak flow, base flow, and the duration of peak flow events, depending on drainage system design, climate, season, site characteristics, and land use. The most common hydrologic response to drainage is an increase in peak flow and base flow, and an increase in annual runoff. The effect of wetland drainage on watershed hydrology depends on the proportion of the watershed drained. Drainage may also affect water quality, nutrient cycling, vegetation composition and structure.

Trettin, C.C.

1994-09-01

223

Management policy service for distributed systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interpreting policy in automated managers facilitates the dynamic change of behaviour of a distributed management system by simply changing policies. This paper describes a management policy notation which can be used to define both authorisation policies (what activities a manager is permitted to do) and obligation policies (the activities a manager must perform). Some example policy specifications are given to

Damian Marriott; Morris Sloman

1996-01-01

224

MANAGEMENT POLICY SERVICE FOR DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interpreting policy in automated managers facilitates the dynamic change of behaviour of a distributed management system by simply changing policies. This paper describes a management policy notation which can be used to define both authorisation policies (what activities a manager is permitted to do) and obligation policies (the activities a manager must perform). Some example policy specifications are given to

Damian A. Marriott; Morris S. Sloman; Nicholas Yialelis

1995-01-01

225

A system for managing information at ATLAS  

SciTech Connect

In response to a need for better management of maintenance and document information at the Argonne Tandem-Linear Accelerating System (ATLAS), the ATLAS Information Management System (AIMS) has been created. The system is based on the relational database model. The system`s applications use the Alpha-4 relational database management system, a commercially available software package. The system`s function and design are described.

Tilbrook, I.R.

1993-10-01

226

Integrated soil-crop system management for food security  

PubMed Central

China and other rapidly developing economies face the dual challenge of substantially increasing yields of cereal grains while at the same time reducing the very substantial environmental impacts of intensive agriculture. We used a model-driven integrated soil–crop system management approach to develop a maize production system that achieved mean maize yields of 13.0 t ha?1 on 66 on-farm experimental plots—nearly twice the yield of current farmers’ practices—with no increase in N fertilizer use. Such integrated soil–crop system management systems represent a priority for agricultural research and implementation, especially in rapidly growing economies.

Chen, Xin-Ping; Cui, Zhen-Ling; Vitousek, Peter M.; Cassman, Kenneth G.; Matson, Pamela A.; Bai, Jin-Shun; Meng, Qing-Feng; Hou, Peng; Yue, Shan-Chao; Romheld, Volker; Zhang, Fu-Suo

2011-01-01

227

Biomedical engineering equipment management system (BEEMS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This presentation will review practical tools and reports generated by our system (BEEMS) Biomedical Equipment Management System that serves unique purpose. Management systems must contain valuable information that can be used to improve management of and level of service performance. The relationship between database elements within this system and their contribution to the benefit of both the Biomedical Engineering Department

C. Molina; Y. David

2003-01-01

228

Transthoracic echocardiography: impact on diagnosis and management in tertiary care intensive care units.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in an intensive care unit by determining its impact on diagnosis and management. Over a six-month time period, we performed a prospective observational study on all patients admitted to either the medical or the surgical intensive care unit. Structured interviews were conducted with referring physicians before and after the TTE to determine the referring physicians' pre-TTE diagnosis, reasons for requesting the TTE, and whether the TTE resulted in a change in diagnosis and/or management. A total of 135 TTE examinations were done in 126 patients. The referring physicians deemed that clinical information was inadequate to make a definitive diagnosis and management plan in 36/135 (27%) of the requests. In 99/135 (73%) studies, physicians indicated that there was probably sufficient clinical information to formulate a diagnosis and management plan, but ordered a TTE to corroborate their clinical findings. Overall, a change in diagnosis occurred in 39/135 (29%) of studies, and a change in management in 55/135 (41%) of studies. Diagnosis was changed in 19/99 (19%) studies with adequate clinical data, and in 20/36 (56%) studies with inadequate clinical data (P<0.001). Management was changed in 34/99 (34%) of studies with adequate clinical data and in 21/36 (58%) of studies with inadequate clinical data (P=0.017). Of the 62 management changes, 57/62 (92%) changes were minor, and 5/62 (8%) were major. In conclusion we have found that TTE frequently resulted in a change in the diagnosis and management. PMID:16119491

Stanko, L K; Jacobsohn, E; Tam, J W; De Wet, C J; Avidan, M

2005-08-01

229

Pitfalls of information technology management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an economy of rapid technological change managers need to be aware of newer technologies and how the adoption of these technologies affects competitive advantages. Information technology management systems are not delivering to business needs. A model is constructed to better understand information technology management systems. This is done using two approaches firstly a) managers information technology preferences are linked

Raj Siriram

2011-01-01

230

Data Management Systems for Digital Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital libraries now have data management requirements that extend beyond the local computing environment. Distributed digital libraries are being created that incorporate collections from multiple autonomous sites. SDSC has developed data management systems to facilitate creation of distributed data collections. The associated infrastructure includes persistent archives for managing technology evolution, data handling systems for collection-based access to data, collection management

Reagan W. Moore

231

Battery Management System for Electric Vehicle Application  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to solve the key technology of electric vehicle (EV), a battery management system (BMS) is proposed here to settle the critical issues. The system includes several common modules: data acquisition unit, communication unit and battery state estimation model. Two additional management units are developed here, one is thermal management and the other is high voltage management which improve

Jiaxi Qiang; Lin Yang; Guoqiang Ao; Hu Zhong

2006-01-01

232

Evaluation and management of status epilepticus in the neurological intensive care unit.  

PubMed

Status epilepticus (SE) is a common and potentially life-threatening neurologic emergency characterized by prolonged seizures that are the result of primary neurologic disease or secondary to critical illness and medical management. It is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Unfortunately, presentation is subclinical in many cases and requires a high index of suspicion. The authors discuss diagnostic and management schemes for SE in the neurological intensive care unit, emphasizing the importance of reducing the duration of SE through prompt recognition and aggressive treatment protocols. PMID:19369512

Behrouz, Réza; Chen, Shirley; Tatum, William O

2009-04-01

233

Management of persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus requiring admission to the intensive care unit.  

PubMed

Rates of admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) for persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) remain relatively unchanged in the modern era despite advances in antiretroviral therapy (ART) and improvements in ICU survival. Critical care may be required for patients with HIV because of severe opportunistic infections or malignancy, antiretroviral drug toxicity, or critical illness seemingly unrelated to HIV, and each of these scenarios may present different management challenges. In this article, the epidemiology of HIV-related ICU admission is reviewed and key management issues are discussed. PMID:23830655

Tan, Darrell H S; Walmsley, Sharon L

2013-05-08

234

ISO 9000 Quality Management System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ISO 9000 series describes a quality management system applicable to any organization. In this chapter we present the requirements of the standard in a way that is as close as possible to the needs of analytical laboratories. The sequence of the requirements follows that in the ISO 9001:2008 standard. In addition, the guidelines for performance improvement set out in the ISO 9004 are reviewed. Both standards should be used as a reference as well as the basis for further elaboration.

Hadjicostas, Evsevios

235

Riser and tendon management system  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a riser and tendon management system. It comprises means to set nominal conditions for the risers and tendons; means to measure actual riser and tendon conditions; means to compare the actual and nominal conditions of the risers and tendons; and means responsive to a differential between the actual and nominal riser and tendon conditions, which difference exceeds specified limits, and recommending corrective action to bring the risers and tendons back to within nominal conditions.

Devlin, P.V.

1992-02-18

236

Development of a low intensity current monitor system  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the development of a current transformer system used to measure pulsed ion beam currents with a wide dynamic intensity range (nA to mA, and factor of 10{sup 6}). Peak beam currents at the LAMPF accelerator typically range from 100 to nA to 40 mA with pulse widths varying from 30 to 1000 {mu}s. Signal conditioning of the peak current output provides an average current readout with a range of 1 nA to 2 mA, noise of approximately {plus minus}0.5 nA, and accuracy of {plus minus}0.1%. Since the system has proved stable and highly reliable, calibration is performed yearly. The prototype unit was built in 1985 and the final production unit was completed in early 1989. 5 refs., 14 figs.

Gallegos, F.R.

1991-01-01

237

21st Century Processes for Acquiring 21st Century Software-Intensive Systems of Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our experiences in helping to define, acquire, develop, and assess 21st century software-intensive systems of systems (SISOS) have taught us that traditional 20th century acquisition and development processes do not work well on such systems. This article summarizes the characteristics of such systems, and indicates the major problem areas in using traditional processes on them. We also present new processes

Barry Boehm

238

Maintenance Management Systems for Municipal Wastewater Facilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The basic information for the manual came from individuals experienced in maintenance management systems at facilities of many different types and sizes. A wide range of existing maintenance management systems--for municipal wastewater treatment facilitie...

1973-01-01

239

Environmental Restoration Project - Systems Engineering Management Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Environmental Restoration (ER) Project Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) describes relevant Environmental Restoration Contractor (ERC) management processes and shows how they implement systems engineering. The objective of this SEMP is to ex...

T. D. Anderson

1998-01-01

240

Langley Applications Experiments Data Management System Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A data management system study is presented that defines, in functional terms, the most cost effective ground data management system to support Advanced Technology Laboratory (ATL) flights of the space shuttle. Results from each subtask performed and the ...

C. C. Lanham

1975-01-01

241

Service Quality Management Systems: An Annotated Bibliography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This bibliography is intended to provide a resource for those interested in gaining an introduction to the area of service quality management systems. Service quality management systems are concerned with optimizing the customer-supplier quality relations...

W. R. Young

1992-01-01

242

A Cargo Data Management Demonstration System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Delays in receipt and creation of cargo documents are a problem in international trade. The work described demonstrates some of the advantages and capabilities of a computer-based cargo data management system. A demonstration system for data management an...

J. G. Raudseps R. S. Tinkham

1974-01-01

243

Management intensity and vegetation complexity affect web-building spiders and their prey.  

PubMed

Agricultural management and vegetation complexity affect arthropod diversity and may alter trophic interactions between predators and their prey. Web-building spiders are abundant generalist predators and important natural enemies of pests. We analyzed how management intensity (tillage, cutting of the vegetation, grazing by cattle, and synthetic and organic inputs) and vegetation complexity (plant species richness, vegetation height, coverage, and density) affect rarefied richness and composition of web-building spiders and their prey with respect to prey availability and aphid predation in 12 habitats, ranging from an uncut fallow to a conventionally managed maize field. Spiders and prey from webs were collected manually and the potential prey were quantified using sticky traps. The species richness of web-building spiders and the order richness of prey increased with plant diversity and vegetation coverage. Prey order richness was lower at tilled compared to no-till sites. Hemipterans (primarily aphids) were overrepresented, while dipterans, hymenopterans, and thysanopterans were underrepresented in webs compared to sticky traps. The per spider capture efficiency for aphids was higher at tilled than at no-till sites and decreased with vegetation complexity. After accounting for local densities, 1.8 times more aphids were captured at uncut compared to cut sites. Our results emphasize the functional role of web-building spiders in aphid predation, but suggest negative effects of cutting or harvesting. We conclude that reduced management intensity and increased vegetation complexity help to conserve local invertebrate diversity, and that web-building spiders at sites under low management intensity (e.g., semi-natural habitats) contribute to aphid suppression at the landscape scale. PMID:23494286

Diehl, Eva; Mader, Viktoria L; Wolters, Volkmar; Birkhofer, Klaus

2013-03-14

244

Hematodinium sp. in Irish Cancer pagurus fisheries: infection intensity as a potential fisheries management tool.  

PubMed

Infection of Cancer pagurus by a parasitic dinoflagellate of the genus Hematodinium is described for the first time in Ireland. An industry-based monitoring programme was established to determine seasonality of infection intensity and prevalence in the country's 3 largest brown crab fisheries in the southwest, north and southeast. The parasite was present in all areas for the majority of sampling periods, with highest prevalences recorded in pre-recruit animals of both sexes. Microscopic examination of haemolymph revealed trophont, plasmodial and dinospore stages of the parasite. Overall prevalence in males (16%) was higher than in females (9%). Prevalence of Hematodinium sp. infection ranged from 0 to 51%, but a distinct seasonal trend was not apparent. Infection intensity was seasonal with significantly higher peaks occurring in late autumn/early winter months than in other quarters, corresponding to industry reports of moribund and dead pink-shelled crabs in commercial catches. We postulate that seawater temperature or a temperature-linked process is a key factor in triggering the final stages of infection, as significant autumn peaks were followed by a reduction in infection intensity as temperature decreased in the late winter/early spring months with no increase in intensity again until the following autumn. We propose that infection intensity, rather than prevalence, provides a more appropriate indication of the period when there is greatest potential for biological and economic impacts; the parameter's application as a fisheries management tool is discussed. PMID:19301637

Chualáin, C Ní; Hayes, M; Allen, B; Robinson, M

2009-01-28

245

Energy management systems: no longer a luxury  

Microsoft Academic Search

The selection, maintenance, and problems of building energy management systems are discussed. Available controls range from microprocessor-based load schedulers that sell for less than $1000 to computer-based facility management systems that cost hundreds of thousands of dollars. The facility management systems control energy consumption, optimize comfort, interface with human operators, and provide automatic data analysis and reporting and fire, smoke

Ebisch

1981-01-01

246

Project Management Communication: a Systems Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This discussion analyzes and reviews verbal and non-verbal communication issues that have an impact on information resource project managers. The concepts are presented in a familiar information systems model framework showing open and closed-loop systems as well as a communication flow system. It provides theoretical underpinnings for project managers who strive to develop proactive management of the environmental influences surrounding

Sharlett Gillard; Jane Johansen

2004-01-01

247

Use of a Knowledge Management System in Waste Management Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Germany the knowledge management system 'WasteInfo' about waste management and disposal issues has been developed and implemented. Beneficiaries of 'WasteInfo' are official decision makers having access to a large information pool. The information pool is fed by experts, so called authors This means compiling of information, evaluation and assigning of appropriate properties (metadata) to this information. The knowledge management

D. Gruendler; W. U. Boetsch; U. Holzhauer; R. A. Nies

2006-01-01

248

A systematic review of intensive cardiopulmonary management after spinal cord injury.  

PubMed

Intensive cardiopulmonary management is frequently undertaken in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI), particularly due to the occurrence of neurogenic shock and ventilatory insufficiency and in an attempt to reduce secondary injury. We undertook a systematic review of the literature to examine the evidence that intensive care management improves outcome after SCI and to attempt to define key parameters for cardiopulmonary support/resuscitation. We review the literature in five areas: management of SCI patients in specialized centers, risk in SCI patients of cardiopulmonary complications, parameters for blood pressure and oxygenation/ventilation support following SCI, risk factors for cardiopulmonary insufficiency requiring ICU care after SCI, and preventative strategies to reduce the risks of cardiopulmonary complications in SCI patients. The literature supports that, in light of the significant incidence of cardiorespiratory complications, SCI patients should be managed in a monitored special care unit. There is weak evidence supporting the maintenance of MAP >85 mmHg for a period extending up to 1 week following SCI. PMID:20030558

Casha, Steven; Christie, Sean

2010-04-08

249

Management System for Engineering Ethics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the context of independent profession based societies, ethics charter/codes of professional bodies have significant influence on the conduct of engineers. Contrarily in Japan, most of active engineers are in-house and feel immediate identity as the member of firm or institution, rather than professional bodies. Therefore, establishment and operation of engineering ethics management system (E2ms) is essential for incentive to make innovative and ethical decision with confidence. The paper introduces the outline of the educational kit for E2ms developed by the author. The kit aims to enhance ability of management relevant to E2ms. The kit also involves ten cases for case method teaching. The test use of the kit indicates the potential to create satisfactory educational achievement.

Yashiro, Tomonari

250

Operating System Support for Database Management Systems Revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the early 1980s Michael Stonebraker [9] wrote a paper titled "Operating SystemSupport for Database Management", outlining where and how operating systems at thetime failed to meet the needs of database management systems in terms of some typicalservices that operating systems provide to applications. Stonebraker points out thesedeciencies in the areas of buer pool management, le system, scheduling, processmanagement, and

Daniel Fellig; Olga Tikhonova

2000-01-01

251

Optimum Intensity Settings of Approach and Runway Light Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Criteria for determining the optimum intensity settings of approach and runway lights, as a function of atmospheric transmissivity and/or meteorological visibility, have been developed. In determining the optimum intensity settings, consideration was give...

C. A. Douglas

1979-01-01

252

OCRWM Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP)  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 established the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) in the Department of Energy (DOE) to implement a program for the safe and permanent disposal of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. To achieve this objective, the OCRWM is developing the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management System (CRWMS), an integrated waste management system consisting of four system elements: the waste acceptance system, the transportation system, the monitored retrievable storage facility, and the mined geologic disposal system. The development of such a system requires management of many diverse disciplines that are involved in research, siting, design, licensing, construction, and external interactions. Systems engineering will be used by OCRWM to manage, evaluate, integrate, and document all aspects of the technical development of the waste management requirements of the Program are met. Systems engineering will be applied to all technical activities to (1) specify the sequence of technical activities necessary to define the requirements the waste management system must satisfy, (2) to develop the waste management system, (3) to relate system elements to each other, and (4) to determine how the waste management system can be optimized to most effectively satisfy the requirements. Furthermore, systems engineering will be used in the management of technical activities at the program and project levels by specifying procedures, studies, reviews, and documentation requirements.

Not Available

1993-01-01

253

Energy management systems: are they cost effective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines how computerized energy management systems (EMS) can lead to energy savings through 7 basic building monitoring and control functions: HVAC energy management, lighting energy management, security protection, fire protection, industrial process control, maintenance scheduling, and management reports. Focuses on how HVAC energy savings are possible through different EMS options (e.g. start\\/stop operation) because approximately 70% of all EMS are

Guntermann

1982-01-01

254

Electromagnetic-Guided DMLC Tracking Enables Motion Management for Intensity Modulated Arc Therapy  

PubMed Central

Purpose Intensity modulated arc therapy (IMAT) is attractive due to high dose conformality and efficient delivery. However, managing intrafraction motion is challenging for IMAT. The purpose of this research was to develop and investigate electromagnetic-guided DMLC tracking as an enabling technology to treat moving targets during IMAT. Materials/Methods A real-time 3D DMLC-based target tracking system was developed and integrated with a linac. The DMLC tracking software inputs a real-time electromagnetically measured target position and the IMAT plan and dynamically creates new leaf positions directed at the moving target. Low and high modulation IMAT plans were created for lung and prostate cancer cases. The IMAT plans were delivered to a 3-axis motion platform programmed with measured patient motion. Dosimetric measurements were acquired by placing an ion chamber array on the moving platform. Measurements were acquired with tracking, without tracking (current clinical practice), and with the phantom in a static position (reference). Analysis of dose distribution differences from the static reference used a ?-test. Results On average, 1.6% of dose points for the lung plans and 1.2% of points for the prostate plans failed the 3mm/3% ?-test with tracking; without tracking 34% and 14% (respectively) of points failed the ?-test. The delivery time was the same with and without tracking. Conclusions For the first time electromagnetic-guided DMLC target tracking with IMAT has been investigated. Dose distributions to moving targets with DMLC tracking were significantly superior to those without tracking. There was no loss of treatment efficiency with DMLC tracking.

Keall, Paul J.; Sawant, Amit; Cho, Byungchul; Ruan, Dan; Wu, Junqing; Poulsen, Per; Petersen, Jay; Newell, Laurence J.; Cattell, Herbert; Korreman, Stine

2010-01-01

255

14 CFR 1212.704 - System manager.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...system of records over which the system manager has cognizance: ...operation, or maintenance of the system of records is instructed...request to the Assistant Deputy Administrator for an exemption of the system under subpart 1212.5...

2012-01-01

256

Management control in a publicly planned health system: a case study from Finland.  

PubMed

Implementing improved management control systems has become a high priority within publicly planned health care systems in recent years. This article explores present management control practices and dilemmas within the Finnish health care system. Based upon an intensive case study of one central hospital district, the article analyzes current intra-institutional and cross-institutional management efforts. Subsequently it evaluates implications from the study's findings for both the Finnish and other publicly planned health care systems. PMID:10285388

Saltman, R B

1987-01-01

257

A Distributed Continuous Quality Assurance Process to Manage Variability in Performance-intensive Software  

Microsoft Academic Search

Performance-intensive software is increasingly being used on heterogeneous combinations of OS, compiler, and hardware platforms. Examples include reusable middleware that forms the basis for scientific computing grids and distributed real- time and embedded systems. Since this software has stringent quality of service (QoS) requirements, it often provides a mul- titude of configuration options that can be tuned for specific application

Arvind S. Krishna; Douglas C. Schmidt; Atif Memon; Adam Porter; Cemal Yilmaz; Aniruddha Gokhale; Balachandran Natarajan

258

Intelligence decision systems in enterprise information management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to show how intelligence techniques have been used in information management systems. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The results of a literature review on intelligence decision systems used in enterprise information management are analyzed. The intelligence techniques used in enterprise information management are briefly summarized. Findings – Intelligence techniques are rapidly emerging as new tools

Cengiz Kahraman; ?hsan Kaya; Emre Çevikcan

2011-01-01

259

Asset management, risk, and distribution system planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Asset management is the art of balancing cost, performance, and risk. Viewed in this way, it has profound implications on distribution system planning, since traditional approaches balance only cost and performance without regard to risk. This paper examines distribution system planning in the context of reliability, risk, and asset management. It begins by providing an overview of asset management and

Richard E. Brown; John H. Spare

2004-01-01

260

A Systemic Approach to Human Resources Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern leadership research today is very much focused on certain styles and especially on the role of the manager. The “Systemic Leadership Theory” stands for the change from the focus on the manager towards a focus on the role of the employees. Therefore the results of interdisciplinary system theory are used to derivate implications for leadership and human resources man-agement

Achouri Cyrus

2010-01-01

261

School Management Information Systems in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developments in information technologies have been impacting upon educational organizations. Principals have been using management information systems to improve the efficiency of administrative services. The aim of this research is to explore principals' perceptions about management information systems and how school management information…

Demir, Kamile

2006-01-01

262

Evolution of autonomic Database Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The evolution of computer is started from human dependent to self-management. With the development of technology, people want to manage the complex systems in an efficient and reliable manner. Database Management Systems (DBMSs) started from the single user with limited operations; and with the passage of time more functionality is added to meet the need of the users. Maximum number

Abdul Mateen; Basit Raza; Muhammad Sher; Mian Muhammad Awais; Tauqeer Hussain

2010-01-01

263

Self-organizing systems and environmental management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The characteristics of self-organizing systems are described and their implications for environmental management are discussed. It is concluded that the aim of management should be to enhance the capacity of the system for self-management, with active intervention being used only to steer it away from large discontinuities. Environmental managers must view ecosystems and themselves as parts of a larger sociobiophysical system, cultivate the capacity of environmental systems for self-management, and learn to live with change and uncertainty. Practical consequences of this approach for plans, policies, programs, and institutions are discussed.

Hollick, Malcolm

1993-09-01

264

Library shelf management system using RFID technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper present the library shelf management system. The system was developed using Radio Frequency Identification (RFID). The research was developed in integrating the RFID system and the creation of Graphical User Interface (GUI) at the host PC. The scope of work of the research is to develop an automatic library shelf management system to assist the librarians for more

Ahmad Tarmizi Bin Abdullah; Ismarani Binti Ismail; Azlina Binti Ibrahim; Mohd Zikrul Hakim Bin Noor

2011-01-01

265

Roost Tree Selection by Maternal Colonies of Northern Long-eared Myotis in an Intensively Managed Forest.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We attached radio transmitters to 20 pregnant or lactating northern long-eared myotis (Myotis septentrionalis) and located 43 maternity colony roost trees in intensively managed hardwood forests in the Allegheny Mountains of east-central West Virginia. Ma...

S. F. Owen M. A. Menzel W. M. Ford J. W. Edwards B. R. Chapman K. V. Miller P. B. Wood

2001-01-01

266

Trust Management in Open Systems (TMOS).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Distributed software subjects face the problem of determining one another's trustworthiness. The problem considered in the Trust Management in Open Systems (TMOS) project is management of the exchange of sensitive credentials between strangers for the pur...

V. E. Jones W. H. Winsborough K. Seamons

2002-01-01

267

Y-12 Integrated Materials Management System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Integrated Materials Management System, when fully implemented, will provide the Y-12 National Security Complex with advanced inventory information and analysis capabilities and enable effective assessment, forecasting and management of nuclear materi...

D. H. Alspaugh T. W. Hickerson

2002-01-01

268

Tank waste remediation system configuration management plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The configuration management program for the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Project Mission supports management of the project baseline by providing the mechanisms to identify, document, and control the functional and physical characteristics of the...

J. M. Vann

1998-01-01

269

Performance Management Systems: A Statistical Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study assessed the performance management systems used by companies, in an effort to identify the evolution of new management techniques in corporations. The sample consisted of 119 individual survey respondents from 'high performing' entities. The d...

J. W. Kilby

1993-01-01

270

Tank waste remediation system configuration management plan  

SciTech Connect

The configuration management program for the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Project Mission supports management of the project baseline by providing the mechanisms to identify, document, and control the functional and physical characteristics of the products. This document is one of the tools used to develop and control the mission and work. It is an integrated approach for control of technical, cost, schedule, and administrative information necessary to manage the configurations for the TWRS Project Mission. Configuration management focuses on five principal activities: configuration management system management, configuration identification, configuration status accounting, change control, and configuration management assessments. TWRS Project personnel must execute work in a controlled fashion. Work must be performed by verbatim use of authorized and released technical information and documentation. Application of configuration management will be consistently applied across all TWRS Project activities and assessed accordingly. The Project Hanford Management Contract (PHMC) configuration management requirements are prescribed in HNF-MP-013, Configuration Management Plan (FDH 1997a). This TWRS Configuration Management Plan (CMP) implements those requirements and supersedes the Tank Waste Remediation System Configuration Management Program Plan described in Vann, 1996. HNF-SD-WM-CM-014, Tank Waste Remediation System Configuration Management Implementation Plan (Vann, 1997) will be revised to implement the requirements of this plan. This plan provides the responsibilities, actions and tools necessary to implement the requirements as defined in the above referenced documents.

Vann, J.M.

1998-01-08

271

Management of arterial lines and blood sampling in intensive care: a threat to patient safety.  

PubMed

In 2008, the UK National Patient Safety Agency (NPSA) made recommendations for safe arterial line management. Following a patient safety incident in our intensive care unit (ICU), we surveyed current practice in arterial line management and determined whether these recommendations had been adopted. We contacted all 241 adult ICUs in the UK; 228 (94.6%) completed the survey. Some NPSA recommendations have been widely implemented - use of sodium chloride 0.9% as flush fluid, two-person checking of fluids before use - and their practice was consistent. Others have been incompletely implemented and many areas of practice (prescription of fluids, two-person checking at shift changes, use of opaque pressure bags, arterial sampling technique) were highly variable. More importantly, the use of the wrong fluid as an arterial flush was reported by 30% of respondents for ICU practice, and a further 30% for practice elsewhere in the hospital. Our survey provides evidence of continuing risk to patients. PMID:24006919

Leslie, R A; Gouldson, S; Habib, N; Harris, N; Murray, H; Wells, V; Cook, T M

2013-09-05

272

A Systems-Theoretic Approach to Safety in Software-Intensive Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional accident models were devised to explain losses caused by failures of physical devices in relatively simple systems. They are less useful for explaining accidents in software-intensive systems and for non-technical aspects of safety such as organizational culture and human decision-making. This paper describes how systems theory can be used to form new accident models that better explain system accidents

Nancy G. Leveson

2004-01-01

273

Employing system of systems engineering in China's emergency management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces the concept of system of systems and attempts to apply it to China's emergency management. Based on the characteristics of system of systems, we provide some principles and concerns for the design of Emergency Management System of Systems (EMSoS) in China. Two figures representing EMSoS structure are presented to illustrate the design of location for emergency resource

Shiyong Liu

2010-01-01

274

OCRWM Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP)  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 established the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) in the Department of Energy (DOE) to implement a program for the safe and permanent disposal of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. To achieve this objective, the OCRWM is developing an integrated waste-management system consisting of three elements: the transportation system, the monitored retrievable storage (MRS) facility, and the mined geologic disposal system (MGDS). The development of such a system requires management of many diverse disciplines that are involved in research, siting, design, licensing, and external interactions. The purpose of this Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) is to prescribe how the systems-engineering process will be implemented in the development of the waste-management system. Systems engineering will be used by the OCRWM to manage, integrate, and document all aspects of the technical development of the waste-management system and its system elements to ensure that the requirements of the waste-management program are met. It will be applied to all technical activities of the OCRWM program. It will be used by the OCRWM to specify the sequence of technical activities necessary to define the requirements the waste-management system must satisfy, to develop the waste-management system, to relate system elements to each other, and to determine how the waste-management system can be optimized to most effectively satisfy the requirements. Furthermore, systems engineering will be used in the management of Program activities at the program, program-element, and project levels by specifying procedures, studies, reviews, and documentation requirements. 9 refs., 1 fig.

Not Available

1990-03-01

275

Integrated Requirements Management System and System Design Description  

SciTech Connect

This document provides a System Design Description (SDD) for the Integrated Requirements Management System (IRMS) database. The database manager chosen for this task was the Dynamic Object Oriented Requirements System (DOORS) Version 5.0 or greater. The schema for the IRMS is described with respect to the CH2M Hill Hanford Group, Inc requirements management processes.

ACREE, C.D.

2001-03-27

276

Image-based document management systems for medical records.  

PubMed

Using image scanning as a document capture mechanism at time of treatment or on day of discharge automates the medical record to achieve the larger objectives of simultaneous concurrent access to an electronic chart. This form of keyless document capture, although appearing labor intensive, is justified for improving business management and quality of care. Coupled with optical character recognition or barcode recognition for keyless data capture, medical information may be more easily made available for clinical research. Not merely a microfilm alternative, a medical record management system accelerates chart completion. Labor reduction is realized by eliminating filing and retrieval of active charts, loose sheet handling, photocopying, chart assembly, and chart location control. By reducing the reasons for chart completion delays, accelerated billing of Medicare accounts will occur, resulting in a reduction in receivables. Image-based document management systems accomplish the three things required of a senior manager in health care: (1) solve problems, (2) save money, and (3) make money. PMID:10116256

Massengill, S P

1992-03-01

277

Intensive care management of life-threatening avian influenza A (H5N1).  

PubMed

A large proportion of patients with avian influenza A (H5N1) develop life-threatening manifestations, often including ARDS, acute renal failure and multiple organ failure that requires aggressive intensive care management. The pace of development of respiratory failure is often rapid and can occur in previously healthy hosts, mandating close observation and timely intervention of infected individuals. Use of standard, contact, droplet and airborne isolation precautions is recommended to protect healthcare workers. Key components of ARDS management encompass appropriate mechanical ventilation including limiting tidal volume to management and using nutrition supplemented with antioxidants. Use of corticosteroids is controversial for both early and late ARDS and although often used for avian influenza, beneficial effects on outcomes have not been demonstrated for corticosteroids. Prone positioning can improve oxygenation temporarily and might be useful as rescue therapy for severe hypoxemia. Administration of inhaled nitric oxide and high frequency oscillatory ventilation can improve oxygenation but have not been demonstrated to improve survival in ARDS-their role in avian influenza is uncertain and availability limited. Management of multiple organ failure may include vasopressor support for septic shock and renal replacement therapy for acute renal failure. PMID:18366526

Sessler, Curtis N; Gray, Nicole D

2008-03-01

278

Social Services Information System: Management Overview Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An overview of the Social Services Information System (SSIS) of the Colorado Department of Social Services is provided with an emphasis on the management and use of the system by local jurisdictions. Following a general description of the system's approac...

1975-01-01

279

Development of a High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) Hydrophone System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The growing clinical use of High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) has driven a need for reliable, reproducible measurements of HIFU acoustic fields. We have previously presented data on a reflective scatterer approach, incorporating several novel features for improved bandwidth, reliability, and reproducibility [Proc. 2005 IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, 1739-1742]. We now report on several design improvements which have increase the signal to noise ratio of the system, and potentially reduced the cost of implementation. For the scattering element, we now use an artificial sapphire material to provide a more uniform radiating surface. The receiver is a segmented, truncated spherical structure with a 10 cm radius; the scattering element is positioned at the center of the sphere. The receiver is made from 25 micron thick, biaxially stretched PVDF, with a Pt-Au electrode on the front surface. In the new design, a specialized backing material provides the stiffness required to maintain structural stability, while at the same time providing both electrical shielding and ultrasonic absorption. Compared with the previous version, the new receiver design has improved the noise performance by 8-12 dB; the new scattering sphere has reduced the scattering loss by another 14 dB, producing an effective sensitivity of -298 dB re 1 microVolt/Pa. The design trade-off still involves receiver sensitivity with effective spot size, and signal distortion from the scatter structure. However, the reduced cost and improved repeatability of the new scatter approach makes the overall design more robust for routine waveform measurements of HIFU systems.

Schafer, Mark E.; Gessert, James

2009-04-01

280

A configuration management approach for large workflow management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scalability to large, heterogeneous, and distributed environments is an important requirement for workflow management systems (WfMS). As a consequence, the management of the configuration of a WfMS installation becomes a key issue. This paper proposes an approach for managing the configuration of WfMS together with an assignment strategy for workflow instances. Separating the logical issues of the workflow model from

Hans Schuster; Jens Neeb; Ralf Schamburger

1999-01-01

281

Development of an Integrated Distribution Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

This final report details the components, functionality, costs, schedule and benefits of developing an Integrated Distribution Management System (IDMS) for power distribution system operation. The Distribution Automation (DA) and Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems used by electric power companies to manage the distribution of electric power to retail energy consumers are vital components of the Nations critical infrastructure.

Schatz; Joe E

2010-01-01

282

Carrier Ethernet System Supporting Flexible Media Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper relates to a Carrier Ethernet system supporting multiple media, a medium managing method therefore, and a switching system using the same. More particularly, this relates to an Ethernet port supporting multiple physical media that can use and manage multiple transmission media by freely selecting and exchanging the transmission media with another one in a switching system using ports,

Dae Ub Kim; Bheom Soon Joo; Jung Sik Kim

2006-01-01

283

Reexamining Operating System Support for Database Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1981, Michael Stonebraker (21) observed that database management systems written for commodity operating systems could not effectively take advantage of key operating system services, such as buffer pool management and process scheduling, due to expensive overhead and lack of customizability. The \\

Tim Vasil

284

Understanding management data systems for enterprise performance management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Managing enterprise performance is an important, yet a difficult process due to its complexity. The process involves monitoring the strategic focus of an enterprise, whose performance is measured from the analysis of data generated from a wide range of interrelated business activities performed at different levels within the enterprise. This study aims to investigate management data systems technologies

Ranjit Bose

2006-01-01

285

Trust Management in the Finnish Ministries: Evaluation of Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our purpose was to find out to what extent civil servants—managers, specialists, and experts—in 13 Finnish ministries have confidence in their management systems. We defined trust as a kind of deep sentiment, more fundamental than mere acceptance, satisfaction or legitimacy. Trust and mistrust are strong motivators for cooperation and collaboration. They are logical outcomes of social interaction in terms of

Risto Harisalo; Jari Stenvall

2003-01-01

286

Automated transportation management system (ATMS) software project management plan (SPMP)  

SciTech Connect

The Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS) Software Project Management plan (SPMP) is the lead planning document governing the life cycle of the ATMS and its integration into the Transportation Information Network (TIN). This SPMP defines the project tasks, deliverables, and high level schedules involved in developing the client/server ATMS software.

Weidert, R.S., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-05-20

287

A model for international border management systems.  

SciTech Connect

To effectively manage the security or control of its borders, a country must understand its border management activities as a system. Using its systems engineering and security foundations as a Department of Energy National Security Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories has developed such an approach to modeling and analyzing border management systems. This paper describes the basic model and its elements developed under Laboratory Directed Research and Development project 08-684.

Duggan, Ruth Ann

2008-09-01

288

Time Management in Workflow Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Management of workflow processes is more than just enactment of process activities according to business rules. Time management functionality should be provided to control the lifecycle of processes. Time management should address planning of workflow executions in time, provide various estimates about activity execution durations, avoid violations of deadlines assigned to activities and the entire process, and react to deadline

J. Eder; E. Panagos; Heinz Pozewaunig; M. Rabinovich

1999-01-01

289

Employing System of Systems Engineering in China's Emergency Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces the concept of system of sys- tems and attempts to apply it to China's emergency management. Based on the characteristics of system of systems, we provide some principles and concerns for the design of an Emergency Management System of Systems (EMSoS) in China. Three figures representing the EMSoS structure are presented to illustrate the design and operation

Shiyong Liu

2011-01-01

290

Revisiting Cost-Benefit Relationships of Behavior Management Strategies: What Special Educators Say about Usefulness, Intensity, and Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors determine special educators' judgments of the use, intensity, and effectiveness of communication and behavior management strategies. In an earlier study, F. H. Wood (1991) examined general educators' cost-benefit considerations in managing behavior of students with emotional or behavioral disorders. As an extension of…

Kaff, Marilyn S.; Zabel, Robert H.; Milham, Morgan

2007-01-01

291

Knowledge Management Systems and Organizational Change Management: The Case of Siemens ShareNet  

Microsoft Academic Search

Earlier research has shown the interdependence of Knowledge Management Systems’ (KMS) implementations and corporate cultures.\\u000a This study builds on and extends this research by exploring how knowledge-intensive corporate cultures can be established.\\u000a Employing a case study approach, we analyze the (successful) implementation of Siemens Information and Communication Networks\\u000a (ICN) group division’s ShareNet, a global knowledge sharing network for the sales

Hauke Heier; Susanne Strahringer

2006-01-01

292

Milk production, raw milk quality and fertility of dromedary camels (Camelus Dromedarius) under intensive management.  

PubMed

In many arid countries, dromedaries play an important role as a milk source in rural areas. However, the milk and meat production potential of this species is not well understood and documented. A large-scale camel dairy farm was established in 2006 in the United Arab Emirates. This study summarises the most important data on milk production, raw milk quality and reproductive efficiency collected on this farm during the first three years of operation. The average daily milk production, the mean length of lactation and the mean total milk production per lactation of 174 dromedaries were 6.0 ± 0.12 kg (± SEM), 586 ± 11.0 days (± SEM) and 3314 ± 98.5 kg (± SEM), respectively. The lactation curve reached its peak during the 4th month after parturition (mean ± SEM, 8.9 ± 0.04 kg), then it declined gradually, falling to 50% of the maximum by the 16th month postpartum (mean ± SEM, 4.3 ± 0.06 kg). Milking three times a day did not increase daily milk production compared to two times milking. Mean total viable bacterial count (TVC) and mean somatic cell count (SCC, ± SEM) of bulk raw camel milk were 4,403 ± 94 CFU/cm3 and 392,602 ± 5,999 cells/cm3 for a one-year period, respectively. There was a significant difference among months (P < 0.001). Coliform count was < 10 CFU/cm3 in most cases (96.5%). The average (± SEM) fat, protein, lactose, total solids (TS) and solid-non-fat (SNF) concentrations of individual milk samples were 2.51 ± 0.03%, 2.60 ± 0.01%, 4.03 ± 0.03%, 9.98 ± 0.03% and 7.56 ± 0.03%, respectively. Lactation period, average daily milk production and morning vs. evening milking significantly influenced milk chemical composition. For the 470 camels in the breeding programme, end-of-season pregnancy rate and birth rate were 87.0% and 82.6%, respectively, after natural mating. We have demonstrated that sustainable milk production is possible from a traditional species, the dromedary camel, under an intensive management system. PMID:23439293

Nagy, Péter; Thomas, Sonia; Markó, Orsolya; Juhász, Jutka

2013-03-01

293

System approach to distributed sensor management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 2003, the US Army's RDECOM CERDEC Night Vision Electronic Sensor Directorate (NVESD) has been developing a distributed Sensor Management System (SMS) that utilizes a framework which demonstrates application layer, net-centric sensor management. The core principles of the design support distributed and dynamic discovery of sensing devices and processes through a multi-layered implementation. This results in a sensor management layer

Gregory Mayott; Gordon Miller; John Harrell; Jared Hepp; Mid Self

2010-01-01

294

Network Management Systems An Investigation Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The systems were used for solving GMD's network management problems. This included the management of GMD-internal routers, the management of routers used for the DFN- IP traffic and the management of routers at the GMD-Ebone node. Furthermore, the state of other routers (Ebone, WIN, USA) and that of the most important GMD-internal com- puters (file servers, name servers) was continuously

Eva Pless

295

Waste Management Information System (WMIS) User Guide  

SciTech Connect

This document provides the user of the Waste Management Information System (WMIS) instructions on how to use the WMIS software. WMIS allows users to initiate, track, and close waste packages. The modular design supports integration and utilization of data throuh the various stages of waste management. The phases of the waste management work process include generation, designation, packaging, container management, procurement, storage, treatment, transportation, and disposal.

R. E. Broz

2008-12-22

296

5 CFR 9701.405 - Performance management system requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Performance management system requirements. 9701.405...HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Performance Management § 9701.405 Performance management system requirements. (a) DHS...

2009-01-01

297

5 CFR 9701.405 - Performance management system requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Performance management system requirements. 9701.405...HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Performance Management § 9701.405 Performance management system requirements. (a) DHS...

2010-01-01

298

23 CFR 972.204 - Management systems requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Management systems requirements. 972.204 Section...LANDS HIGHWAYS FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Fish and Wildlife Service Management Systems § 972.204 Management...

2013-04-01

299

23 CFR 973.204 - Management systems requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Management systems requirements. 973.204...TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL LANDS HIGHWAYS MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS PERTAINING TO THE BUREAU OF...ROADS PROGRAM Bureau of Indian Affairs Management Systems § 973.204 Management...

2013-04-01

300

23 CFR 971.204 - Management systems requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Management systems requirements. 971.204 Section... FEDERAL LANDS HIGHWAYS FOREST SERVICE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Forest Highway Program Management Systems § 971.204 Management...

2013-04-01

301

23 CFR 970.204 - Management systems requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Management systems requirements. 970.204 Section...FEDERAL LANDS HIGHWAYS NATIONAL PARK SERVICE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS National Park Service Management Systems § 970.204 Management...

2013-04-01

302

Managing Soil Properties through Dryland Cropping System Intensities  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Modification of soil functioning/quality parameters (i.e., organic matter content) is important to improve the capacity of soil as a water storage-reservoir for crop production in dryland. A long-term dryland cropping research study was established at the USDA-ARS farm near Lubbock, Texas in 2003, ...

303

Non-essential and essential trace element concentrations in meat from cattle reared under organic, intensive or conventional production systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We evaluated if differences in non-essential and essential trace element accumulation in beef-cattle reared under different systems (including organic, conventional and intensive management) were reflected in the meat derived from these animals. Diaphragm muscle from 166 calves from nine farms were analysed. Muscle cadmium concentrations were low (<10 µg\\/kg wet weight) and muscle arsenic, mercury and lead levels were below

I. Blanco-Penedo; M. López-Alonso; M. Miranda; J. Hernández; F. Prieto; R. F. Shore

2010-01-01

304

Differential influences of exercise intensity on information processing in the central nervous system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influence of exercise intensity on information processing in the central nervous system was investigated using P300 and no-go P300 event-related potentials. Twelve subjects (22–33 years) performed a go\\/no-go reaction time task in a control condition, and again after high-, medium-, and low-intensity pedaling exercises. Compared to the control condition, P300 amplitude decreased after high-intensity pedaling exercise and increased after medium-intensity

Keita Kamijo; Yoshiaki Nishihira; Arihiro Hatta; Takeshi Kaneda; Toshiaki Wasaka; Tetsuo Kida; Kazuo Kuroiwa

2004-01-01

305

Measuring and modeling intensity distributions of light sources in waveguide illumination systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We discuss our experimental measurement and theoretical modeling of flux distortions from light sources used in waveguide illumination systems. We have constructed a computer- controlled goniometric detection system to map the intensity distributions of these light sources. As an example, we measure the intensity distribution of an incandescent light bulb. This light bulb is used in the waveguide illumination system

Thomas A. Hough; John F. Van Derlofske; Lloyd W. Hillman

1995-01-01

306

An Ontology of Architectural Design Decisions in Software-Intensive Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Architectural design decisions deserve to be first class entities in the process of developing complex software-intensive systems. Preserving the graphs of decisions and all their interdependencies will support the evolution and maintenance of such systems. In this paper we present a possible ontology of architectural design decisions, their attributes and relationships, for complex, software-intensive systems.

Philippe Kruchten

2004-01-01

307

Configuration management for multi-agent systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

As heterogeneous distributed systems, multi-agent systems present some challenging configuration management issues. There are the problems of knowing how to allocate agents to computers, launch them on remote hosts, and once the agents have been launched, how to monitor their runtime status so as to manage computing resources effectively.In this paper, we present the RETSINA Configuration Manager, \\\\emph{RECoMa}. We describe

Joseph A. Giampapa; Octavio H. Juarez-Espinosa; Katia P. Sycara

2001-01-01

308

Water Quality Management and Information Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A data management system is presented that will aid planners in the implementation of a decision support system which addresses the technical aspects of areawide water quality planning. The basis is the systematic study of the information flows and their ...

A. B. Whinston

1975-01-01

309

Vessel Performance Management System: Technical Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project involved the development of a shipboard Vessel Performance Management System (VPMS). The purpose of the system is to collect and process key vessel/engine performance data, with the goals of reducing fuel costs and standardizing consumption re...

K. P. Logan

1985-01-01

310

Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards System  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards System (NMMSS) which is sponsored by the Department of Energy and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The system serves national security and program management interests, and international interests in the programs for the peaceful application of nuclear energy and non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. Within the scope of the NMMSS are found all

P. W. Baird; S. E. Jacobsen; R. B. Pedigo; W. B. Matthews

1987-01-01

311

Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards System (NMMSS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards System (NMMSS) which is sponsored by the Department of Energy and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The system serves national security and program management interests, and international interests in the programs for the peaceful application of nuclear energy and non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. Within the scope of the NMMSS are found all

S. E. Jacobsen; W. B. Matthews; E. D. McKamy; R. B. Pedigo

1991-01-01

312

Renewable energy resources in energy management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In response to the ever increasing amount of Renewable Energy Resources production integrated in Power Systems, Energy Management Systems (EMS) used for decades in control centers to manage power flows need to adapt. This paper aims at providing detailed understanding of impacts on “standard” EMS functions of these new sources of productions. This paper will first highlight the characteristics of

E. Goutard

2010-01-01

313

Advanced Air Traffic Management System Study Overview.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes the U.S. Department of Transportation study and development plans for the air traffic management system of the late 1980's and beyond. The plans are presented in the framework of an evolutionary system concept of traffic management,...

1975-01-01

314

A MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

RATIONALE FOR DEVELOPING THE obligations incurred earlier when the retiree MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM was an employee. The resulting impacts of prior deficit spending and of unfunded vested We find two reasons to develop an improved pension commitments were compounded by management information system for local gov- the lack in some local governments of accurate ernments. One is the apparent inability

John Sjo; Arlo W. Biere

1980-01-01

315

Training Requirements and Information Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the software user's guide for the Training Requirements and Information Management System. This guide defines and describes the software operating procedures as they apply to the end user of the software program. This guide is intended as a reference tool for the user who already has an indepth knowledge of the Training Requirements and Information Management System functions

T. F. Cillan; M. A. Hodgson

1992-01-01

316

Supporting views in data stream management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In relational database management systems, views supplement basic query constructs to cope with the demand for “higher-level” views of data. Moreover, in traditional query optimization, answering a query using a set of existing materialized views can yield a more efficient query execution plan. Due to their effectiveness, views are attractive to data stream management systems. In order to support views

Thanaa M. Ghanem; Ahmed K. Elmagarmid; Per-Ĺke Larson; Walid G. Aref

2010-01-01

317

Anatomy of a Data Stream Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we identify issues and present solutions de- veloped { both theoretical and experimental { during the course of de- veloping a data stream management system (DSMS) for applications in a sensor environment. Specically , we summarize our solutions for CQ processing, trigger mechanisms, and Quality of Service (QoS) manage- ment in a stream data processing system. Specically

Qingchun Jiang; Sharma Chakravarthy

2006-01-01

318

A systemic approach to fire safety management  

Microsoft Academic Search

A systemic approach has been adopted to construct a fire-safety management system (FSMS). It has been applied to the case of an oil and gas organisation, although the approach is general. Significant changes have taken place in fire safety management in the oil and gas industry over the last few years. However, fire safety still tends to be analysed in

Jaime Santos-Reyes; Alan N. Beard

2001-01-01

319

DESIGN OF AN INTEGRATED MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research addresses the overall view of an Integrated Maintenance Management System (IMMS). Its structure consists of three subsystems of the Real Time Monitoring (RTM), Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM), and the Computerized Maintenance Management System (CMMS). These subsystems are not independent. A stand-alone RTM cannot continuously provide improving suggestions without analytical capability. On the other hand, a RCM may offer

Yu-Su Shum; Dah-Chuan Gong

2003-01-01

320

Autonomic Success in Database Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the primary uses of computer is to reduce cost and manage complexity with increase in efficiency and performance. Now system complexity is reaching a level that is beyond human ability. With the development of technology, people want to manage complex systems in an efficient and reliable manner. Development of raw computing power and proliferation of computer devices and

Basit Raza; Abdul Mateen; Tauqeer Hussain; Mian M. Awais

2009-01-01

321

Nuclear materials management and safeguards system (NMMSS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards System (NMMSS) which is sponsored by the Department of Energy and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The system serves national security and program management interests, and international interests in the programs for the peaceful application of nuclear energy and nonproliferation of nuclear weapons. Within the scope of the NMMSS are found all

P. W. Baird; S. E. Jacobsen; W. B. Matthews; R. B. Pedigo

1988-01-01

322

Drupal Content Management System on Mobile Phone  

Microsoft Academic Search

We will demonstrate how an existing content management system, Drupal, can be used on a personal Web site that is running on a mobile phone. It allows users to easily create and configure a Web site to their mobile devices that is able to take advantage of the wide set of normal functionality of the content management system and the

Jukka K. Nurminen; Johan Wikman; Heikki Kokkinen; Petteri Muilu; Markus Grönholm

2008-01-01

323

Electronic Resource Management Systems in Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Electronic resource management (ERM) systems have inundated the library marketplace. Both integrated library systems (ILS) vendors and subscription agents are now offering products and service enhancements that claim to help libraries efficiently manage their electronic resources. Additionally, some homegrown and open-source solutions have…

Grogg, Jill E.

2008-01-01

324

Electronic Resource Management Systems in Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Electronic resource management (ERM) systems have inundated the library marketplace. Both integrated library systems (ILS) vendors and subscription agents are now offering products and service enhancements that claim to help libraries efficiently manage their electronic resources. Additionally, some homegrown and open-source solutions have emerged…

Grogg, Jill E.

2008-01-01

325

Oil Spill Management via Decision Support System  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Oil pollution is one of the most important imbalancing problems affecting, specially, marine coastal environments in all over the world. Study in the field of integrated management in both inland and marine authorities, oil pollution prevention and cleanup, and using computer facilities, like Geographical Information System (GIS) and decision support system (DSS) for management plans are among the challenges,

Shattri MANSOR; Seyedeh Zahra

2003-01-01

326

Multiple system modelling of waste management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to increased environmental awareness, planning and performance of waste management has become more and more complex. Therefore waste management has early been subject to different types of modelling. Another field with long experience of modelling and systems perspective is energy systems. The two modelling traditions have developed side by side, but so far there are very few attempts to

Ola Eriksson; Mattias Bisaillon

2011-01-01

327

The effect of three culture methods on intensive culture system of pacific white shrimp ( Litopenaeus vannamei)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Different culture methods may affect the intensive culture system of Pacific white shrimp ( Litopenaeus vannamei) regarding water quality and growth and economic performance. This study evaluated the potential effects of three culture methods through cultivation of juvenile shrimps under consistent tank management conditions for 84 d. The three methods involved shrimp cultivation in different tanks, i.e., outdoor tanks with cement bottom (mode-C), greenhouse tanks with cement bottom (mode-G) and outdoor tanks with mud-substrate (mode-M). Results showed that water temperature was significantly higher in mode-G than that in mode-C ( P < 0.05). In contrast to the other two treatments, mode-M had stable pH after 50 d cultivation of shrimps. In the mid-late period, the average concentrations of TAN, NO2-N, DIP and COD were significantly lower in mode-M and mode-G compared with those in mode-C ( P < 0.05). Despite lack of differences in the final shrimp weight among different treatments ( P > 0.05), mode-M had significantly higher shrimp yield, survival rate and feed conversion rate ( P < 0.05) than other modes. There were significant differences in revenue and net return among different treatments ( P < 0.05). These demonstrated that the treatments of mode-G and mode-M were conductive to the intensive culture system of L. vannamei.

Ma, Zhen; Wan, Rong; Song, Xiefa; Gao, Lei

2013-09-01

328

Managed care, technology adoption, and health care: the adoption of neonatal intensive care.  

PubMed

Managed care may influence technology diffusion in health care. This article empirically examines the relationship between HMO market share and the diffusion of neonatal intensive care units. Higher HMO market share is associated with slower adoption of mid-level units, but not with adoption of the most advanced high-level units. Opposite the common supposition that slowing technology growth will harm patients, results suggest that health outcomes for seriously ill newborns are better in higher-level units and that reduced availability of mid-level units may increase their chance of receiving care in a high-level center, so that slower mid-level growth could have benefitted patients. PMID:12585306

Baker, Laurence C; Phibbs, Ciaran S

2002-01-01

329

Building effective service management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Highlight some of the Best Practices for Building Effective Service Management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This article describes some of the Best Practices for Effective Service Management. Case studies, success stories, and statistical examples are used to highlight some of the Best Practices. Findings – Case studies, success stories, and statistics. Originality\\/value – This session highlights some of the Best

Tajinder Pal Singh Toor

2009-01-01

330

TUBERCULOSIS INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (TIMS)  

EPA Science Inventory

TIMS is a Windows-based client/server application that assists health departments and other facilities to manage TB patients, to conduct TB surveillance activities, and to manage TB programs overall. TIMS provides for electronic transmission of TB surveillance data (OMB No. 0920-...

331

Aurora: a data stream management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Aurora system (1) is an experimental data stream management system with a fully functional prototype. It includes both a graphical development environment, and a runtime system. We propose to demonstrate the Aurora system with its development environment and runtime system, with several example monitoring applications developed in consultation with defense, financial, and natural science communities. We will also demonstrate

Daniel J. Abadi; Donald Carney; Ugur Çetintemel; Mitch Cherniack; Christian Convey; C. Erwin; Eduardo F. Galvez; M. Hatoun; Anurag Maskey; Alex Rasin; A. Singer; Michael Stonebraker; Nesime Tatbul; Ying Xing; R. Yan

2003-01-01

332

Extremely high-intensity laser interactions with fundamental quantum systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The field of laser-matter interaction traditionally deals with the response of atoms, molecules, and plasmas to an external light wave. However, the recent sustained technological progress is opening up the possibility of employing intense laser radiation to trigger or substantially influence physical processes beyond atomic-physics energy scales. Available optical laser intensities exceeding 1022W/cm2 can push the fundamental light-electron interaction to the extreme limit where radiation-reaction effects dominate the electron dynamics, can shed light on the structure of the quantum vacuum, and can trigger the creation of particles such as electrons, muons, and pions and their corresponding antiparticles. Also, novel sources of intense coherent high-energy photons and laser-based particle colliders can pave the way to nuclear quantum optics and may even allow for the potential discovery of new particles beyond the standard model. These are the main topics of this article, which is devoted to a review of recent investigations on high-energy processes within the realm of relativistic quantum dynamics, quantum electrodynamics, and nuclear and particle physics, occurring in extremely intense laser fields.

Di Piazza, A.; Müller, C.; Hatsagortsyan, K. Z.; Keitel, C. H.

2012-07-01

333

Sequencing Information Management System (SIMS). Final report  

SciTech Connect

A feasibility study to develop a requirements analysis and functional specification for a data management system for large-scale DNA sequencing laboratories resulted in a functional specification for a Sequencing Information Management System (SIMS). This document reports the results of this feasibility study, and includes a functional specification for a SIMS relational schema. The SIMS is an integrated information management system that supports data acquisition, management, analysis, and distribution for DNA sequencing laboratories. The SIMS provides ad hoc query access to information on the sequencing process and its results, and partially automates the transfer of data between laboratory instruments, analysis programs, technical personnel, and managers. The SIMS user interfaces are designed for use by laboratory technicians, laboratory managers, and scientists. The SIMS is designed to run in a heterogeneous, multiplatform environment in a client/server mode. The SIMS communicates with external computational and data resources via the internet.

Fields, C.

1996-02-15

334

Nova laser assurance-management system  

SciTech Connect

In a well managed project, Quality Assurance is an integral part of the management activities performed on a daily basis. Management assures successful performance within budget and on schedule by using all the good business, scientific, engineering, quality assurance, and safety practices available. Quality assurance and safety practices employed on Nova are put in perspective by integrating them into the overall function of good project management. The Nova assurance management system was developed using the quality assurance (QA) approach first implemented at LLNL in early 1978. The LLNL QA program is described as an introduction to the Nova assurance management system. The Nova system is described pictorially through the Nova configuration, subsystems and major components, interjecting the QA techniques which are being pragmatically used to assure the successful completion of the project.

Levy, A.J.

1983-07-18

335

Tank waste remediation system systems engineering management plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) describes the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) implementation of the US Department of Energy (DOE) systems engineering policy provided in 97-IMSD-193. The SEMP defines the products, process, organization...

L. G. Peck

1998-01-01

336

Development of a Database Management System for Library Loan Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis deals with the procedures for and the issues in the analysis, design, and implementation of Library Loan Management System (LLMS). LLMS is a low-volume real-time transaction processing system intended for small or medium size libraries. It is ...

S. S. Park

1990-01-01

337

Effectiveness of Intensive Case Management for Substance-Dependent Women Receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families  

PubMed Central

Objective. We tested the effectiveness of a long-term coordinated care strategy—intensive case management (ICM)—compared with usual care (UC) among a group of substance-dependent women receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). Methods. Substance-dependent women on TANF (N=302) were recruited from welfare offices. They were assessed and randomly assigned to ICM or UC; follow-up was at 3, 9, and 15 months. UC consisted of a health assessment at the welfare office and a referral to substance abuse treatment and TANF services. ICM clients received ICM services in addition to UC services. Results. ICM clients had significantly higher levels of substance abuse treatment initiation, engagement, and retention compared with UC clients. In some cases, ICM treatment attendance rates were double those of UC rates. Additionally, almost twice as many ICM clients were abstinent at the 15 month follow-up compared with UC clients (P<.0025). Conclusions. ICM is a promising intervention for managing the chronic nature of substance dependence among women receiving TANF. Future research should refine long-term care strategies—such as ICM—that address the chronic nature of substance dependence among low-income populations.

Morgenstern, Jon; Blanchard, Kimberly A.; McCrady, Barbara S.; McVeigh, Katharine H.; Morgan, Thomas J.; Pandina, Robert J.

2006-01-01

338

14 CFR 121.473 - Fatigue risk management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Management System. (b) The Fatigue Risk Management System must include: (1) A fatigue risk management policy. (2) An education and awareness training program. (3) A fatigue reporting system. (4) A system for monitoring...

2013-01-01

339

14 CFR 121.527 - Fatigue risk management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Management System. (b) The Fatigue Risk Management System must include: (1) A fatigue risk management policy. (2) An education and awareness training program. (3) A fatigue reporting system. (4) A system for monitoring...

2013-01-01

340

14 CFR 121.495 - Fatigue risk management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Management System. (b) The Fatigue Risk Management System must include: (1) A fatigue risk management policy. (2) An education and awareness training program. (3) A fatigue reporting system. (4) A system for monitoring...

2013-01-01

341

Analytical infrared intensities for periodic systems with local basis sets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report a method for the efficient evaluation of analytic infrared intensities within a generalized Kohn Sham density functional theory using Gaussian orbitals and periodic boundary conditions. A discretized form of the Berry phase is used to evaluate a periodic dipole moment and its derivatives with respect to in-phase nuclear coordinate displacements. Benchmark calculations are presented for one-dimensional chains of water molecules and poly( p -phenylene vinylene).

Izmaylov, Artur F.; Scuseria, Gustavo E.

2008-04-01

342

Multiple system modelling of waste management.  

PubMed

Due to increased environmental awareness, planning and performance of waste management has become more and more complex. Therefore waste management has early been subject to different types of modelling. Another field with long experience of modelling and systems perspective is energy systems. The two modelling traditions have developed side by side, but so far there are very few attempts to combine them. Waste management systems can be linked together with energy systems through incineration plants. The models for waste management can be modelled on a quite detailed level whereas surrounding systems are modelled in a more simplistic way. This is a problem, as previous studies have shown that assumptions on the surrounding system often tend to be important for the conclusions. In this paper it is shown how two models, one for the district heating system (MARTES) and another one for the waste management system (ORWARE), can be linked together. The strengths and weaknesses with model linking are discussed when compared to simplistic assumptions on effects in the energy and waste management systems. It is concluded that the linking of models will provide a more complete, correct and credible picture of the consequences of different simultaneous changes in the systems. The linking procedure is easy to perform and also leads to activation of project partners. However, the simulation procedure is a bit more complicated and calls for the ability to run both models. PMID:21855313

Eriksson, Ola; Bisaillon, Mattias

2011-08-19

343

A Lightweight, High-performance I/O Management Package for Data-intensive Computing  

SciTech Connect

Our group has been working with ANL collaborators on the topic â??bridging the gap between parallel file system and local file systemâ?ť during the course of this project period. We visited Argonne National Lab -- Dr. Robert Rossâ??s group for one week in the past summer 2007. We looked over our current project progress and planned the activities for the incoming years 2008-09. The PI met Dr. Robert Ross several times such as HEC FSIO workshop 08, SCâ??08 and SCâ??10. We explored the opportunities to develop a production system by leveraging our current prototype to (SOGP+PVFS) a new PVFS version. We delivered SOGP+PVFS codes to ANL PVFS2 group in 2008.We also talked about exploring a potential project on developing new parallel programming models and runtime systems for data-intensive scalable computing (DISC). The methodology is to evolve MPI towards DISC by incorporating some functions of Google MapReduce parallel programming model. More recently, we are together exploring how to leverage existing works to perform (1) coordination/aggregation of local I/O operations prior to movement over the WAN, (2) efficient bulk data movement over the WAN, (3) latency hiding techniques for latency-intensive operations. Since 2009, we start applying Hadoop/MapReduce to some HEC applications with LANL scientists John Bent and Salman Habib. Another on-going work is to improve checkpoint performance at I/O forwarding Layer for the Road Runner super computer with James Nuetz and Gary Gridder at LANL. Two senior undergraduates from our research group did summer internships about high-performance file and storage system projects in LANL since 2008 for consecutive three years. Both of them are now pursuing Ph.D. degree in our group and will be 4th year in the PhD program in Fall 2011 and go to LANL to advance two above-mentioned works during this winter break. Since 2009, we have been collaborating with several computer scientists (Gary Grider, John bent, Parks Fields, James Nunez, Hsing-Bung Chen, etc) from HPC5 and James Ahrens from Advanced Computing Laboratory in Los Alamos National Laboratory. We hold a weekly conference and/or video meeting on advancing works at two fronts: the hardware/software infrastructure of building large-scale data intensive cluster and research publications. Our group members assist in constructing several onsite LANL data intensive clusters. Two parties have been developing software codes and research papers together using both sidesâ?? resources.

Wang, Jun

2011-06-22

344

A comparison of methane emissions from sheep grazing pastures with differing management intensities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methane emissions were measured from sheep grazing on pastures that received one of three managements, either 70 or 270 kg\\u000a N fertiliser ha?1 or one which had a high proportion of white clover present. A system for measuring the emissions is described which enables\\u000a measurements to be made under near natural grazing conditions. Continuous measurements of emissions were made over

P. J. Murray; E. Gill; S. L. Balsdon; S. C. Jarvis

2001-01-01

345

5 CFR 430.304 - SES performance management systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false SES performance management systems. 430.304 ...CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT Managing Senior Executive...Performance § 430.304 SES performance management systems. (a) To...

2009-01-01

346

5 CFR 430.304 - SES performance management systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false SES performance management systems. 430.304 ...CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT Managing Senior Executive...Performance § 430.304 SES performance management systems. (a) To...

2010-01-01

347

An Architecture for Open Learning Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

There exists an urgent demand on defining architectures for Learning Management Systems, so that high-level frameworks for understanding these systems can be discovered, and quality attributes like portability, interoperability, reusability and modifiability can be achieved. In this paper we propose a prototype architecture aimed to engineer Open Learning Management Systems, that professes state-of-the-art software engineering techniques such as layered structure

Simos Retalis; Manolis Skordalakis

2003-01-01

348

An Architecture for Open Learning Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

There exists an urgent demand on defining architectures for Learning Management Systems, so that high-level frameworks for\\u000a understanding these systems can be discovered, and quality attributes like portability, interoperability, reusability and\\u000a modifiability can be achieved. In this paper we propose a prototype architecture aimed to engineer Open Learning Management\\u000a Systems, that professes state-of-the-art software engineering techniques such as layered structure

Symeon Retalis; Manolis Skordalakis

2001-01-01

349

Developing Autonomic Management Systems in Federated Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Autonomic Systems aim to reduce the costs of operating information and communication technology systems through employing knowledge-driven control loops to ensure that the systems operate within a defined behavioral envelope that conforms to business goals. However, as autonomic system implementations become more flexible and as the business environments within which they operate become more dynamic, with less clearly defined management

David Lewis; Kevin Feeney; Jose A Lozano

2009-01-01

350

System R: relational approach to database management  

Microsoft Academic Search

System R is a database management system which provides a high level relational data interface. The systems provides a high level of data independence by isolating the end user as much as possible from underlying storage structures. The system permits definition of a variety of relational views on common underlying data. Data control features are provided, including authorization, integrity assertions,

Morton M. Astrahan; Mike W. Blasgen; Donald D. Chamberlin; Kapali P. Eswaran; Jim Gray; Patricia P. Griffiths; W. Frank King III; Raymond A. Lorie; Paul R. McJones; James W. Mehl; Gianfranco R. Putzolu; Irving L. Traiger; Bradford W. Wade; Vera Watson

1976-01-01

351

Comparison between traditional methods and artificial neural networks for ammonia concentration forecasting in an eel ( Anguilla anguilla L.) intensive rearing system  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the main problems in the management of fishfarms with water recirculating system is the forecasting and control of ammonia concentration in order to minimise the fish stress status. This paper examines methodologies of prediction in a real-time environment for an eel intensive rearing system. Approaches based on linear multiple regression, univariate time series models (exponential smoothing and autoregressive

Juan C Gutiérrez-Estrada; Emiliano de Pedro-Sanz; Rafael López-Luque; Inmaculada Pulido-Calvo

2004-01-01

352

A novel image-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound system for tumor treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel ultrasonography-guided high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) system (FS-100; Force Electronics Co. Ltd, Chongqing, China) was developed for non-invasive thermal ablation of tumor. The proprietary therapy delivery system is an integration of the digital image progressing, automatic control and the high intensity focused ultrasound thermal ablation devices. The therapeutic ultrasound probe (phi = 240 mm) consists of eight circular

Zhiqiang Wu; Puwei Wu; Bojie Chen; Jian Guan; Zheng Huang

2004-01-01

353

Financial management of health system pharmacy practice.  

PubMed

The financial management of pharmacies and health systems is a combination of the traditional management of personnel and drug and supply costs with the management of the total costs of care. It includes determining the consequences of less than optimal drug therapy, improving drug therapy, and reengineering pharmacy departments and services across all patient care settings to deliver optimal pharmacotherapy. Prevention and reduction of adverse drug events, disease state management, and other methods to improve quality of care are of major importance. Future articles in this series on the financial management of pharmacy practice in health care systems will provide examples of applications of financial management in acute care, ambulatory care, long term care, and across sites of care. They also will include the justification of the development of new types of patient care services. PMID:10164163

Abramowitz, P W

1997-01-01

354

Integrated safety management system verification: Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

Department of Energy (DOE) Policy (P) 450.4, Safety Management System Policy, commits to institutionalization of an Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) throughout the DOE complex. The DOE Acquisition Regulations (DEAR, 48 CFR 970) requires contractors to manage and perform work in accordance with a documented Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS). Guidance and expectations have been provided to PNNL by incorporation into the operating contract (Contract DE-ACM-76FL0 1830) and by letter. The contract requires that the contractor submit a description of their ISMS for approval by DOE. PNNL submitted their proposed Safety Management System Description for approval on November 25,1997. RL tentatively approved acceptance of the description pursuant to a favorable recommendation from this review. The Integrated Safety Management System Verification is a review of the adequacy of the ISMS description in fulfilling the requirements of the DEAR and the DOE Policy. The purpose of this review is to provide the Richland Operations Office Manager with a recommendation for approval of the ISMS description of the Pacific Northwest Laboratory based upon compliance with the requirements of 49 CFR 970.5204(-2 and -78); and to verify the extent and maturity of ISMS implementation within the Laboratory. Further the review will provide a model for other DOE laboratories managed by the Office of Assistant Secretary for Energy Research.

Christensen, R.F.

1998-08-10

355

Biosecurity practices on intensive pig production systems in Chile  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chile eradicated classical swine fever (CSF) in April 1998, following a 17-year eradication programme. The authors describe biosecurity levels of pig farms in Chile after the eradication of CSF. A formal survey was administered to 50 large integrated pig farms, which represented almost 60% of the swine population. The main topics on the questionnaire were production, health management, biosecurity, insurance

C. Julio Pinto; V. Santiago Urcelay

2003-01-01

356

Issue Management Risk Ranking Systems  

SciTech Connect

Thousands of safety issues have been collected on-line at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) as part of the Issue Management Plan. However, there has been no established approach to prioritize collected and future issues. The authors developed a methodology, based on hazards assessment, to identify and risk rank over 5000 safety issues collected at INEEL. This approach required that it was easily applied and understandable for site adaptation and commensurate with the Integrated Safety Plan. High-risk issues were investigated and mitigative/preventive measures were suggested and ranked based on a cost-benefit scheme to provide risk-informed safety measures. This methodology was consistent with other integrated safety management goals and tasks providing a site-wide risk informed decision tool to reduce hazardous conditions and focus resources on high-risk safety issues. As part of the issue management plan, this methodology was incorporated at the issue collection level and training was provided to management to better familiarize decision-makers with concepts of safety and risk. This prioritization methodology and issue dissemination procedure will be discussed. Results of issue prioritization and training efforts will be summarized. Difficulties and advantages of the process will be reported. Development and incorporation of this process into INEELs lessons learned reporting and the site-wide integrated safety management program will be shown with an emphasis on establishing self reliance and ownership of safety issues.

Novack, Steven David; Marshall, Frances Mc Clellan; Stromberg, Howard Merion; Grant, Gary Michael

1999-06-01

357

Issue Management Risk Ranking Systems  

SciTech Connect

Thousands of safety issues have been collected on-line at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) as part of the Issue Management Plan. However, there has been no established approach to prioritize collected and future issues. The authors developed a methodology, based on hazards assessment, to identify and risk rank over 5000 safety issues collected at INEEL. This approach required that it was easily applied and understandable for site adaptation and commensurate with the Integrated Safety Plan. High-risk issues were investigated and mitigative/preventive measures were suggested and ranked based on a cost-benefit scheme to provide risk-informed safety measures. This methodology was consistent with other integrated safety management goals and tasks providing a site-wide risk-informed decision tool to reduce hazardous conditions and focus resources on high-risk safety issues. As part of the issue management plan, this methodology was incorporated at the issue collection level and training was provided to management to better familiarize decision-makers with concepts of safety and risk. This prioritization methodology and issue dissemination procedure will be discussed. Results of issue prioritization and training efforts will be summarized. Difficulties and advantages of the process will be reported. Development and incorporation of this process into INEEL's lessons learned reporting and the site-wide integrated safety management program will be shown with an emphasis on establishing self reliance and ownership of safety issues.

F. M. Marshall; G. M. Grant; H. M. Stromberg; S. D. Novack

1999-06-01

358

Tank waste remediation system systems engineering management plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) describes the Tank Waste Remediation Systems (TWRS) implementation of U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Systems Engineering (SE) policy provided in Tank Waste Remediation System Systems Engineering Management Policy, DOE\\/RL letter, 95-RTI-107, Oct. 31, 1995. This SEMP defines the products, process, organization, and procedures used by the TWRS Program to accomplish SE objectives. This TWRS

Peck

1996-01-01

359

Development of a Semirad Detection System for High-Intensity Neutron Radiation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The design, fabrication and testing of a detection system to measure pulses of high intensity neutron radiation is discussed. The system includes a neutron detecting component operating on the SEMIRAD principle and a 'stretcher' amplifier component capabl...

F. C. Riggin H. J. Cooley

1967-01-01

360

Operations management system for continuous flow manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Semiconductor manufacturing, like other industries, has to manage quality, cost, throughput and serviceability to continuously satisfy its customers and improve its performance. We have devised with the help of IBM Consulting Group a fully operational and practical operations management system based on ranges (i.e. one day sections of our production line). We have used novel approaches (modelling, design of experiments)

O. Ruelle

1996-01-01

361

RESTful Management for Cyber-Physical Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) aims at having the cyber world and the physical world integrated gracefully. Great challenges are raised for management of CPS. In this paper, we put management of CPS in the vision of Web-of-Things to achieve interoperability and simplicity under the design style of \\

Yue Zhang; Haibin Cai; Minghua Zhu

2012-01-01

362

Management accounting system (MAS) change: field evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper critically discusses one of the prescriptions of traditional control literature according to which the management accounting system (MAS) should be adaptive to changes in the organizational and strategic context. Drawing from contingency and institutional theories, the paper drafts a framework to pragmatically identify key phases and features of the management accounting change process to highlight its organizational nature.

Laura Zoni; Andrea Dossi; Marco Morelli

2012-01-01

363

Air Force Technical Order Management System (AFTOMS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author describes the Air Force Technical Order Management System (AFTOMS) program for modernizing the US Air Force's technical-order infrastructure. He describes the AFTOMS program management direction and policy, the AFTOMS concept, and the relationship between AFTOMS and the Air Force and Department of Defense computer-aided acquisition and logistics support (CALS) initiatives. Also included is a discussion of strategies for

1989-01-01

364

Managing space system faults: Coalescing NASA's views  

Microsoft Academic Search

Managing faults and their resultant failures is a fundamental and critical part of developing and operating aerospace systems. Yet, recent studies have shown that the engineering “discipline” required to manage faults is not widely recognized nor evenly practiced within the NASA community. Attempts to simply name this discipline in recent years has been fraught with controversy among members of the

Brian Muirhead; Lorraine Fesq

2012-01-01

365

A Production Management System for Clothing Enterprises  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clothing industry is an important exporting and earning foreign exchange of China. There are many clothing production enterprises in China. These enterprises' management level and production technique directly decide the future trend of Chinese clothing exporting. This paper, according to the related theories and practical situations of enterprises, develops a set of production management system for clothing enterprise, puts forward

Chuang Li

2009-01-01

366

Implementing interactive configuration management for distributed systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes an environment for interactive configuration management of software for distributed applications and services. Configuration management involves creating the components which form a distributed system; allocating these components to physical nodes and binding the interfaces of the components to each other or to existing services. Components and their required and provided interfaces are represented and accessible in the

Halldor FOSSA; Morris Sloman

1996-01-01

367

Plant systems\\/components aging management 1994  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aging management of plant systems, structures and components (SSC) is a subject of practical interest to many engineering disciplines including design, operations, maintenance, research and development groups. This volume contains fourteen papers reflecting recent developments and applications. The majority of this year's papers is devoted to aging management of nuclear power plant SSC: four focused on reactor vessel issues, two

I. T. Kisisel; R. L. Kurtz; J. Sinnappan; T. V. Narayanan

1994-01-01

368

Missing link in your Energy Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The missing link in the energy management system (EMS) program is an energy manager's decision package (EMDP) to handle the analysis overload that occurs when megabytes of useful information are readily available. The EMDP must be able to fine-tune the EMS control strategy for one piece of equipment, and at the same time be capable of documenting weather-adjusted annual savings

D. L. Ewing; J. J. McGowan

2009-01-01

369

Highly configurable transaction management for embedded systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Embedded systems are an important field of research and will gain momentum in the near future. Many of these sys- tems require data management functionality. Due to the resource constraints in embedded environments a high cus- tomizability of the data management functionality is re- quired that depends on the application context. Whereas storage methods and index structures can be designed

Mario Pukall; Thomas Leich; Martin Kuhlemann; Marko Rosenmueller

2007-01-01

370

Decision Support System for Farm Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emergence of information technology has resulted in an ever-increasing demand to use computers for the efficient management and dissemination of information. Keeping in view the strong need of farmers to collect important and updated information for interactive, flexible and quick decision-making, a model of Decision Support System for Farm Management is developed. The paper discusses the use of Internet

Manpreet Singh; Parvinder Singh; Sumitter Bir Singh

2008-01-01

371

Integrated safety management system verification: Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

Department of Energy (DOE) Policy (P) 450.4, Safety Management System Policy, commits to institutionalizing an Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) throughout the DOE complex. The DOE Acquisition Regulations (DEAR 48 CFR 970) requires contractors to manage and perform work in accordance with a documented Integrated Safety Management System. The Manager, Richland Operations Office (RL), initiated a combined Phase 1 and Phase 2 Integrated Safety Management Verification review to confirm that PNNL had successfully submitted a description of their ISMS and had implemented ISMS within the laboratory facilities and processes. A combined review was directed by the Manager, RL, based upon the progress PNNL had made in the implementation of ISM. This report documents the results of the review conducted to verify: (1) that the PNNL integrated safety management system description and enabling documents and processes conform to the guidance provided by the Manager, RL; (2) that corporate policy is implemented by line managers; (3) that PNNL has provided tailored direction to the facility management; and (4) the Manager, RL, has documented processes that integrate their safety activities and oversight with those of PNNL. The general conduct of the review was consistent with the direction provided by the Under Secretary`s Draft Safety Management System Review and Approval Protocol. The purpose of this review was to provide the Manager, RL, with a recommendation to the adequacy of the ISMS description of the Pacific Northwest Laboratory based upon compliance with the requirements of 49 CFR 970.5204(-2 and -78); and, to provide an evaluation of the extent and maturity of ISMS implementation within the Laboratory. Further, this review was intended to provide a model for other DOE Laboratories. In an effort to reduce the time and travel costs associated with ISM verification the team agreed to conduct preliminary training and orientation electronically and by phone. These activities are normally conducted during a pre-visit trip to the site. The Team recommends approval of the Integrated Safety Management System Description subject to the resolution of the Areas of Concerns noted here.

Christensen, R.F.

1998-08-12

372

Cooperative Autonomic Management in Dynamic Distributed Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The centralized management of large distributed systems is often impractical, particularly when the both the topology and status of the system change dynamically. This paper proposes an approach to application-centric self-management in large distributed systems consisting of a collection of autonomic components that join and leave the system dynamically. Cooperative autonomic components self-organize into a dynamically created overlay network. Through local information sharing with neighbors, each component gains access to global information as needed for optimizing performance of applications. The approach has been validated and evaluated by developing a decentralized autonomic system consisting of multiple autonomic application managers previously developed for the In-VIGO grid-computing system. Using analytical results from complex random network and measurements done in a prototype system, we demonstrate the robustness, self-organization and adaptability of our approach, both theoretically and experimentally.

Xu, Jing; Zhao, Ming; Fortes, José A. B.

373

Designing, managing and improving the operative and intensive care in polytrauma  

PubMed Central

Background and Context: Polytrauma is a leading cause of mortality in the developing countries and efforts from various quarters are required to deal with this increasing menace. Aims and Objectives: An attempt has been made by the coordinated efforts of the intensive care and trauma team of a newly established tertiary care institute in designing and improving the trauma care services to realign its functions with national policies by analyzing the profile of polytrauma victims and successfully managing them. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis was carried out among the 531 polytrauma admissions in the emergency department. The information pertaining to age and gender distribution, locality, time to trauma and initial resuscitation, cause of injury, type of injury, influence of alcohol, drug addiction, presenting clinical picture, Glasgow Coma score on admission and few other variables were also recorded. The indications for various operative interventions and intensive care unit (ICU) admissions were analyzed thoroughly with a concomitant improvement of our trauma care services and thereby augmenting the national policies and programs. A statistical analysis was carried out with chi-square and analysis of variance ANOVA tests, using SPSS software version 10.0 for windows. The value of P<0.05 was considered significant and P<0.0001 as highly significant. Results: Majority of the 531 polytrauma patients hailed from rural areas (63.65%), riding on the two wheelers (38.23%), and predominantly comprised young adult males. Fractures of long bones and head injury was the most common injury pattern (37.85%) and 51.41% of the patients presented with shock and hemorrhage. Airway management and intubation became necessary in 42.93% of the patients, whereas 52.16% of the patients were operated within the first 6 hours of admission for various indications. ICU admission was required for 45.76% of the patients because of their deteriorating clinical condition, and overall,ionotropic support was administered in 55.93% of the patients for successful resuscitation. Conclusions: There is an urgent need for proper implementation ofpre-hospital and advanced trauma life support measures at grass-root level. Analyzing the profile of polytrauma victims at a national level and simultaneously improving the trauma care services at every health center are very essential to decrease the mortality and morbidity. The improvement can be augmented further by strengthening the rural health infrastructure, strict traffic rules, increasing public awareness and participation and coordination among the various public and private agencies in dealing with polytrauma.

Bajwa, Sukhminderjit Singh; Kaur, Jasbir; Bajwa, Sukhwinder Kaur; Kaur, Gagandeep; Singh, Amarjit; Parmar, S S; Kapoor, Vinod

2011-01-01

374

Guidelines to Air Quality Management Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This guideline document and its appendices may assist countries with current and projected air pollution problems in developing a systematic and effective Air Quality Management System (AQMS). It is addressed to national, regional and local authorities co...

1979-01-01

375

Culvert Information Management System - Demonstration Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The overall objective of the research was to develop a pilot scale Culvert Information Management System (CIMS) that will comply with both requirements stipulated by the Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB-34) and new federal storm water regulat...

C. Tang J. N. Meegoda T. M. Juliano

2009-01-01

376

Environmental Management System Demonstration Project. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report outlines the activities of the Environmental Management System (EMS) Demonstration Project, provides an analysis of how the project participants progressed in implementing the ISO 14001 Standard, discusses EMS implementation issues, incentives...

C. P. Diamond

1996-01-01

377

RIMS (Records Inventory Management System) Handbook.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Records Inventory Management System (RIMS) is a computer library of abstracted documents relating to low-level radioactive waste. The documents are of interest to state governments, regional compacts, and the Department of Energy, especially as they r...

1989-01-01

378

Implementing a new inventory management system.  

PubMed

Determining the type of inventory management system to use in a hospital depends as much on one's technical abilities as its does with the culture of the institution and the vendor's capabilities. PMID:10131696

Saphir, W H

1994-02-01

379

A computerized purchase order management system.  

PubMed

Order processing and parts issuing are within the scope of an inventory management system and, as such, it was logical to incorporate the Purchase Order Management Menu into the biomedical engineering inventory management system. The Purchase Order Management function was implemented using the services of a biomedical engineering technician who is a staff member. Software development time (two months) was the only resource that was necessary to incorporate this function into the inventory system. This function, implemented on a PC, provided locally functions that had not been available on the mainframe-based hospital purchasing system. These functions directly addressed the needs of the users, who in this case are the staff members of the department of biomedical engineering at University Hospital, Stony Brook, New York. PMID:1855105

Subramanian, S; Villez, P A

380

Connecting Our Nation's Crisis Information Management Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Many states and localities have implemented Crisis Information Management Systems (CIMS) to integrate situational awareness, notification and disaster assessment tools utilized in Emergency Operation Centers (EOC)s and to eliminate separate stovepipe comm...

C. Voss

2008-01-01

381

Important Information: Donor Management System (DMS) ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Haemonetics Software Solution Division Edmonton, AB, Canada. ... a problem related to donor visit records in Donor Management (DMS) System. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

382

Management of Water Distribution System Components.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the study is to (1) analyze main break failures and (2) incorporate other drinking water distribution system components into a data base management structure for reliability analyses. Reliability analysis should be a part of an overall oper...

J. A. Goodrich C. P. S. Frebis E. J. Read R. M. Clark

1987-01-01

383

Chemical management system at Argonne National Laboratory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Argonne Chemical Management System (CMS) is comprised of several applications and the Infrastructure Modules. The Infrastructure Modules, which provide the integrated computing software foundation, include a security processor, common tables, reportin...

H. S. Morss R. C. Hischier D. N. Keto J. L. Woodring J. T. Davis

1995-01-01

384

American Indian Systems for Natural Resource Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Outlines the philosophy and general principles of "primitive" indigenous production technologies and natural resource management systems in North and South America. Discusses indigenous practices that promote sustainable production in gathering, hunting and fishing, minerals extraction, and agriculture. (SV)|

Quintana, Jorge O.

1992-01-01

385

National Airspace System Interface Management Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document is intended to implement Interface Management for interfacing subsystems of the National Airspace System (NAS) and for external NAS interfaces by establishing a process which assures that: Interface requirements are agreed to by interfacing ...

1986-01-01

386

Management Information Systems and the Transnational Enterprise.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An analysis is made of the relationship between computers, management and trans-national corporations, followed by an examination of the influence of information systems on organization and how they function. (Author/BB)

Cardozo, Max Lopes

1978-01-01

387

Los Alamos Plutonium Facility Waste Management System  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the new computer-based transuranic (TRU) Waste Management System (WMS) being implemented at the Plutonium Facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The Waste Management System is a distributed computer processing system stored in a Sybase database and accessed by a graphical user interface (GUI) written in Omnis7. It resides on the local area network at the Plutonium Facility and is accessible by authorized TRU waste originators, count room personnel, radiation protection technicians (RPTs), quality assurance personnel, and waste management personnel for data input and verification. Future goals include bringing outside groups like the LANL Waste Management Facility on-line to participate in this streamlined system. The WMS is changing the TRU paper trail into a computer trail, saving time and eliminating errors and inconsistencies in the process.

Smith, K.; Montoya, A.; Wieneke, R.; Wulff, D.; Smith, C.; Gruetzmacher, K.

1997-02-01

388

HYLIFE-II tritium management system.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The tritium management system performs seven functions: (1) tritium gas removal from the blast chamber, (2) tritium removal from the Flibe, (3) tritium removal from helium sweep gas, (4) tritium removal from room air, (5) hydrogen isotope separation, (6) ...

G. R. Longhurst T. J. Dolan

1993-01-01

389

ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT / POLLUTION PREVENTION RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

Goal 8.4 Improve Environmental Systems Management (Formally Pollution Prevention and New Technology) Background The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has developed and evaluated tools and technologies to monitor, prevent, control, and clean-up pollution through...

390

Development of a Computer Information Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Department of Veterans Affairs, Social Work Service has designed, developed and implemented the Social Work Information Management System (SWIMS) which provides for both administrative and clinical reporting. The system is clinically based and includes an option for case recording. The social work staff, who will use the system, was integrally involved in all phases of planning. The processes of

Melanie H. Grishman

1996-01-01

391

An Expert System for Environmental Data Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the possibility of using expert system tools for environmental data management. Describes the domain-independent expert system shell SAK and Knowledge EXplorer, a system that learns rules from data. Demonstrates the functionality of Knowledge EXplorer on an example of water quality evaluation. (LZ)

Berka, Petr; Jirku, Petr

1995-01-01

392

EDSIM: expert database system for inventory management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Expert database system (EDS), which is still in its infancy, is developed and demonstrated for a business function by coupling expert systems (ES) and database systems. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An EDS for inventory management (EDSIM) using the fifth generation artificial intelligence (AI) language, Prolog, is developed. The convergence of logic programming and database techniques is focused in achieving the

Suresh Subramoniam; K. V. Krishnankutty

2005-01-01

393

Dynamic power management of electronic systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dynamic power management is a design methodology aiming at contro lling perfor- mance and power levels of digital circuits and systems, with thegoal of extending the autonomous operation time of battery-powered systems, providing graceful perfor- mance degradation when supply energy is limited, and adapting power dissipation to satisfy environmental constraints. We survey system-level dynamic power m anagement techniques. We first

Luca Benini; Alessandro Bogliolo; Giovanni De Micheli

1998-01-01

394

Management Information Systems: Applications to Educational Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An orientation to management information systems (MIS) is offered which presents information about MIS in the context of public education and suggests some considerations that should be taken into account in designing and operating such systems. MIS is defined as a set of operating procedures that act as a control system to automatically provide…

Witkin, Belle Ruth

395

Management compensation. A reward systems approach.  

PubMed

Across the nation, businesses are rethinking the way performance is rewarded. We are witnessing the emergence of newer, more innovative compensation systems. Today's nurse executive is challenged to design systems for management compensation that reward achievement, performance, and contribution. The author describes a reward systems approach to compensation based on contemporary concepts related to pay. PMID:1870005

Flarey, D L

396

Power management for hybrid fuel cell system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a power management control scheme for hybrid fuel cell power system. The hybrid fuel cell system consists of a fuel cell, an isolated unidirectional converter, a bi-directional converter, an inverter, and a battery. The fuel cell powers the steady state energy and the battery compensates the dynamic energy. They need to work together to ensure the system

Ke Jin; Xinbo Ruan; Mengxiong Yang; Min Xu

2008-01-01

397

An Information Management System supporting academic activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents a review of the concept of Information Management Systems, and its applicability in the Educational System context. After presenting several existing solutions on the market, the current solution is presented. The system is supporting the academic activity of both students and staff, aiming to eliminate routine and non-efficient activities. The technical structure is server based and the

L. Giurgiu; L. Stoicu-Tivadar

2010-01-01

398

Security Management System for Intrusion Detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic business is rapidly popularized and extended through Internet. Internet has many security weaknesses, so we need the security solution such Intrusion Detection System that minimizes the damage of hacking and responds the intrusion dynamically. It is difficult for legacy management system to process the security environments and electronic business, because legacy system lacks of security policies and integrated security

SU-HYUNG JO; JEONG-NYEO KIM; SUNG-WON SOHN

399

A Decisional Framework for Legacy System Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Making a decision about how to evolve a legacy system cannot be made spontaneously; rather, it requires a decisional framework that takes into account several factors including software value, risk analysis, and cost estimation. We present a decisional framework to manage legacy systems that exploits an assessment model and a taxonomy of maintenance interventions a legacy system can undergo during

Andrea De Lucia; Anna Rita Fasolino; Eugenio Pompella

2001-01-01

400

CMS\\/CMS: content management system\\/change management strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Five web sites, five libraries, numerous departmental pages and thousands of pages of content explained, in part, why users found library resources difficult to navigate. Web redesign became a strategic initiative in 2001 and state funding enabled the purchase of a content management system (CMS). The purpose of this paper is to describe the systematic implementation of a

Susan Goodwin; Nancy Burford; Martha Bedard; Esther Carrigan; Gale C. Hannigan

2006-01-01

401

Managing the Ethics of Managed Healthcare: A Systemic Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we argue that traditional clinical ethics, with its dyadic focus on the clinician and patient, is insufficient to deal with the managed healthcare environment. A multilateral, systemic approach identifies the major stakeholders in ethical decisions and embraces the legitimate values of all stakeholders, while at the same time acknowledging their inevitable values, tensions, and ethical blind spots.

William J. Doherty; Richard L. Heinrich

1996-01-01

402

Managing the evolution of the LSST data management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) is planned to start construction in early 2009 and achieve first light in late 2012. The LSST Data Management System (DMS) has the responsibility to: 1) process the stream of raw images (15 TB\\/night) generated during observing to create and archive the nightly data products; 2) reprocess archived data products to incorporate pipeline improvements

Jeffrey P. Kantor

2006-01-01

403

The Araneus Web-Base Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction The paper describes the Araneus Web-Base Management System [1, 5, 4, 6], a system developed at Universit`a di Roma Tre, which represents a proposal towards the definition of a new kind of data-repository, designed to manage Web data in the database style. We call a Web-Base a collection of data of heterogeneous nature, and more specifically: (i) highly structured

Giansalvatore Mecca; Paolo Atzeni; Alessandro Masci; Paolo Merialdo; Giuseppe Sindoni

1998-01-01

404

Management control systems in the NHS.  

PubMed

Non-profit organisations like the NHS require mechanisms for evaluating their performance and judging how effectively or efficiently they are achieving their objectives. Management control systems (MCS) can provide a major input to this type of evaluation and, in addition, can assist in planning, motivating staff, and securing co-ordination at various levels in the organisation. This article examines the use of management control systems in the NHS. PMID:8452803

Cunningham, G

405

15 CFR 995.25 - Quality management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...quality management system. (3) Design and...if another quality management system is used) before implementation...appropriate education, training, skills, and expertise...whether the quality management system conforms to...

2013-01-01

406

46 CFR 16.500 - Management Information System requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Management Information System requirements. 16.500...OFFICERS AND SEAMEN CHEMICAL TESTING Management Information System § 16.500 Management Information System requirements. (a)...

2012-10-01

407

46 CFR 16.500 - Management Information System requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Management Information System requirements. 16.500...OFFICERS AND SEAMEN CHEMICAL TESTING Management Information System § 16.500 Management Information System requirements. (a)...

2009-10-01

408

20 CFR 633.311 - Management information systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-04-01 false Management information systems. 633.311 Section...Procedures § 633.311 Management information systems. All grantees...maintain a program and financial management system which meets...

2012-04-01

409

46 CFR 16.500 - Management Information System requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Management Information System requirements. 16.500...OFFICERS AND SEAMEN CHEMICAL TESTING Management Information System § 16.500 Management Information System requirements. (a)...

2010-10-01

410

46 CFR 16.500 - Management Information System requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Management Information System requirements. 16.500...OFFICERS AND SEAMEN CHEMICAL TESTING Management Information System § 16.500 Management Information System requirements. (a)...

2011-10-01

411

32 CFR 34.11 - Standards for financial management systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...34.11 Standards for financial management systems...encouraged to use existing financial management systems...minimum, a recipient's financial management system shall provide: (1) Effective control of all funds....

2013-07-01

412

10 CFR 600.311 - Standards for financial management systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...311 Standards for financial management systems...encouraged to use existing financial management systems...minimum, a recipient's financial management system must provide: (1) Effective control of all funds....

2013-01-01

413

5 CFR 9901.405 - Performance management system requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Performance management system requirements. 9901.405...SECURITY PERSONNEL SYSTEM (NSPS) Performance Management § 9901.405 Performance management system requirements. (a) The...

2010-01-01

414

5 CFR 9901.405 - Performance management system requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Performance management system requirements. 9901.405...SECURITY PERSONNEL SYSTEM (NSPS) Performance Management § 9901.405 Performance management system requirements. (a) The...

2009-01-01

415

20 CFR 633.311 - Management information systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Management information systems. 633.311 Section...Procedures § 633.311 Management information systems. All grantees shall...a program and financial management system which meets...

2010-04-01

416

20 CFR 633.311 - Management information systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Management information systems. 633.311 Section...Procedures § 633.311 Management information systems. All grantees shall...a program and financial management system which meets...

2009-04-01

417

44 CFR 13.20 - Standards for financial management systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Standards for financial management systems. 13.20 Section...13.20 Standards for financial management systems. (a) A State...applicable statutes. (b) The financial management systems of other...

2010-10-01

418

44 CFR 13.20 - Standards for financial management systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Standards for financial management systems. 13.20 Section...13.20 Standards for financial management systems. (a) A State...applicable statutes. (b) The financial management systems of other...

2009-10-01

419

15 CFR 995.25 - Quality management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Quality management system. 995.25 Section 995.25...Distributors of NOAA ENC Products § 995.25 Quality management system. (a) Quality management system for CEVADs . (1) CEVAD...

2010-01-01

420

15 CFR 995.25 - Quality management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Quality management system. 995.25 Section 995.25...Distributors of NOAA ENC Products § 995.25 Quality management system. (a) Quality management system for CEVADs . (1) CEVAD...

2009-01-01

421

A resource management architecture for metacomputing systems.  

SciTech Connect

Metacomputing systems are intended to support remote and/or concurrent use of geographically distributed computational resources. Resource management in such systems is complicated by five concerns that do not typically arise in other situations: site autonomy and heterogeneous substrates at the resources, and application requirements for policy extensibility, co-allocation, and online control. We describe a resource management architecture that addresses these concerns. This architecture distributes the resource management problem among distinct local manager, resource broker, and resource co-allocator components and defines an extensible resource specification language to exchange information about requirements. We describe how these techniques have been implemented in the context of the Globus metacomputing toolkit and used to implement a variety of different resource management strategies. We report on our experiences applying our techniques in a large testbed, GUSTO, incorporating 15 sites, 330 computers, and 3600 processors.

Czajkowski, K.; Foster, I.; Karonis, N.; Kesselman, C.; Martin, S.; Smith, W.; Tuecke, S.

1999-08-24

422

Initial hospitalization and community tenure outcomes of intensive case management for children and youth with serious emotional disturbance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1988 New York State's Children and Youth Intensive Camse Management (CYICM) program has enrolled more than 1,700 children. The program goal is to maintain children in the least restrictive environment approriate to their needs. This linkagke and advocacy focussed program uses a small caseload and flexible service money to meet its goal. We review the program model, describe the

Mary E. Evans; Steven M. Banks; Steven Huz; Thomas L. McNulty

1994-01-01

423

Change management of distributed systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the major challenges in the use of distributed computing systems is the accomodation of evolutionary change. Systems evolve as human needs change, technology changes and the application environment changes. These changes may require modification of a function already provided by the system, or extension by the introduction of new functions. In general, evolutionary changes are difficult to accomodate

Jeff Kramer; Jeff Magee

1988-01-01

424

BPMS: business process management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last years a lot of research has been done in different domains concerning information system applications. Recent research is characterized by the effort of applying information systems to heterogeneous and distributed environments. Information systems dealing with the definition, administration, customization and evaluation of tasks evolving from business processes as well as from organizational structures are called Business Process

Dimitris Karagiannis

1995-01-01

425

Estimation Leaf Area using Imaging Lidar Data in Intensively and Extensively Managed Temperate Forests  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantification of forest leaf area provides critical information for natural resource management, biodiversity, and carbon cycle studies. Specifically, leaf area index (LAI) is a key variable for the parameterization of regional, continental, and global ecosystem process models. LAI was assessed in two different forest ecosystems: a mixed hardwood and pine natural forest and nutrient by tree density loblolly pine research trials. Light detection and ranging (lidar) remote sensing data were used to model LAI and canopy gaps. Differences between nutrient additions and stem density on LAI were also evaluated. Soil nutrient availability can dramatically increase the plant LAI values and also influence the LAI dynamics of the species. Results can be the base for decision support systems to implement silvicultural practices in forest management and tree growth as well as crown development and leaf production and their relationship to forest carbon accumulation and growth. Additionally, there is opportunity to improve regional LAI models derived from optical remote sensing data, where the success in many cases has been limited, generating estimates that are often not precise enough to be used in natural forest management.

Peduzzi, A.; Thomas, V. A.; Wynne, R. H.; Fox, T. R.

2008-12-01

426

The phenomenology of intense electromagnetic wave interactions with systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent advances in laboratory high power microwave (HPM) source capabilities have raised concerns regarding the survivability of US systems if HPM weapon systems using such sources are deployed in the battlefield. In this paper an overview of recent US achievements in HPM sources is given. Upper bounds to future HPM threats on targets from first principles are derived. Again using

Cabayan

1986-01-01

427

Multiple system modelling of waste management  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: > Linking of models will provide a more complete, correct and credible picture of the systems. > The linking procedure is easy to perform and also leads to activation of project partners. > The simulation procedure is a bit more complicated and calls for the ability to run both models. - Abstract: Due to increased environmental awareness, planning and performance of waste management has become more and more complex. Therefore waste management has early been subject to different types of modelling. Another field with long experience of modelling and systems perspective is energy systems. The two modelling traditions have developed side by side, but so far there are very few attempts to combine them. Waste management systems can be linked together with energy systems through incineration plants. The models for waste management can be modelled on a quite detailed level whereas surrounding systems are modelled in a more simplistic way. This is a problem, as previous studies have shown that assumptions on the surrounding system often tend to be important for the conclusions. In this paper it is shown how two models, one for the district heating system (MARTES) and another one for the waste management system (ORWARE), can be linked together. The strengths and weaknesses with model linking are discussed when compared to simplistic assumptions on effects in the energy and waste management systems. It is concluded that the linking of models will provide a more complete, correct and credible picture of the consequences of different simultaneous changes in the systems. The linking procedure is easy to perform and also leads to activation of project partners. However, the simulation procedure is a bit more complicated and calls for the ability to run both models.

Eriksson, Ola, E-mail: ola.eriksson@hig.se [Profu i Goeteborg AB, Goetaforsliden 13 Nedre, SE 431 34 Moelndal (Sweden); Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, University of Gaevle, SE 801 76 Gaevle (Sweden); Bisaillon, Mattias, E-mail: mattias.bisaillon@profu.se [Profu i Goeteborg AB, Goetaforsliden 13 Nedre, SE 431 34 Moelndal (Sweden)

2011-12-15

428

48 CFR 970.5232-7 - Financial management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AGENCY...REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Solicitation Provisions...5232-7 Financial management system. As prescribed in...

2012-10-01

429

48 CFR 970.5232-7 - Financial management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AGENCY...REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Solicitation Provisions...5232-7 Financial management system. As prescribed in...

2011-10-01

430

Development of a transport system for the copper source of the Texas Intense Positron Source facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transport system design and construction for The Texas Intense Positron Source (TIPS) facility has been completed. This facility is located on beam port 1 of The University of Texas at Austin TRIGA Mark II 1.1 MW research reactor. The TIPS will provide a high intensity, variable energy positron beam for use in material studies. The natural copper source is

O. Doron; S. R. Biegalski; S. O'Kelly; B. J. Hurst

2006-01-01

431

Integrated Project Management System description. [UMTRAP Project  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project is a Department of Energy (DOE) designated Major System Acquisition (MSA). To execute and manage the Project mission successfully and to comply with the MSA requirements, the UMTRA Project Office ( Project Office'') has implemented and operates an Integrated Project Management System (IPMS). The Project Office is assisted by the Technical Assistance Contractor's (TAC) Project Integration and Control (PIC) Group in system operation. Each participant, in turn, provides critical input to system operation and reporting requirements. The IPMS provides a uniform structured approach for integrating the work of Project participants. It serves as a tool for planning and control, workload management, performance measurement, and specialized reporting within a standardized format. This system description presents the guidance for its operation. Appendices 1 and 2 contain definitions of commonly used terms and abbreviations and acronyms, respectively. 17 figs., 5 tabs.

Not Available

1987-03-01

432

Intensive internship: A model for improving entry-level systems productivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reversing the secular decline of U.S. business productivity has been the popular subject of debate in the academic and management literature for at least two decades. Within the last ten years the intensity and significance of the debate has been dramatically increased due to the serious inroads that foreign competition has made into traditional American markets, at home and abroad.

Julian Riehl

1983-01-01

433

Managing chaos in complex systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Controlling critical systems generally requires incorporating a feedback and response mechanism as an integral part of the primary system. Heart pacemakers and nuclear reactors are examples. Once feedback determines that limit-parameters are violated, an immediate response is made to re-synchronize the system and prevent the effects of chaos. In other systems, the quality of the product takes precedence over a need for an immediate feedback and response system. This case study involves the effectiveness of methods used to control chaos in a large relational database. Control methods include software tools, process improvements, and adoption of quality standards for acceptance. The research concluded that focusing on the system's external environment is an effective approach to controlling chaos, especially where the quality of the product, not response time, is the primary concern.

Mueller, Theodore H.

434

Nonlinear Magnetoresistance Oscillations in Intensely Irradiated Two-Dimensional Electron Systems Induced by Multiphoton Processes.  

SciTech Connect

We report on magneto-oscillations in differential resistivity of a two-dimensional electron system subject to intense microwave radiation. The period of these oscillations is determined not only by microwave frequency but also by its intensity. A theoretical model based on quantum kinetics at high microwave power captures all important characteristics of this phenomenon which is strongly nonlinear in microwave intensity. Our results demonstrate a crucial role of the multiphoton processes near the cyclotron resonance and its harmonics in the presence of strong dc electric field and offer a unique way to reliably determine the intensity of microwaves acting on electrons.

Khodas, M.; Chiang, H.-S.; Hatke, A.T.; Zudov, M.A.; Vavilov, M.G.; Pfeiffer, L.N.; West, K.W.

2010-05-21

435

On the Edge of Life, I: Assessment of, Reaction to, and Management of the Terminally Ill Recorded in an Intensive Care Unit Journal  

PubMed Central

Background: In a general hospital, few clinical settings match the intensity of the intensive care unit (ICU) experience. Clinical rotations in ICUs elicit and emphasize the struggles house officers face on a daily basis throughout their training. Method: These struggles were recorded by hundreds of residents in a journal maintained in the Massachusetts General Hospital's Medical ICU for the past 20 years. We systematically reviewed these unsolicited entries to define and to illustrate how house officers respond to caring for terminally ill patients. The 3 overarching topics that surfaced repeatedly were assessment of terminally ill patients, reaction to their prognosis, and management of their disease or their eventual demise. Results: House officers record affective reactions and cognitive assessments to cope with the stress and dysfunction associated with the care of the critically ill and to facilitate their management of these patients. Journal entries by residents reveal a deep concern for the welfare of their patients, conflict about the technological advances and limitations of the system, and reflection on how involved physicians should become with their patients. Conclusion: House officer journal entries reflect a combination of newly gained medical knowledge and coping strategies in managing terminally ill patients. House officers also demonstrate a deep concern for the welfare of their patients. Insight from years of reflection from past house officers can help prepare trainees and residency programs for the breadth and intensity of the ICU experience and for work in clinical practice settings that follow completion of training.

Sekeres, Mikkael A.; Stern, Theodore A.

2002-01-01

436

5 CFR 430.304 - SES performance management systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false SES performance management systems. 430.304 Section...MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT Managing Senior Executive Performance § 430.304 SES performance...

2013-01-01

437

Integration of project management and systems engineering: Tools for a total-cycle environmental management system  

SciTech Connect

An expedited environmental management process has been developed at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). This process is one result of the Lockheed Martin commitment to the US Department of Energy to incorporate proven systems engineering practices with project management and program controls practices at the INEEL. Lockheed Martin uses a graded approach of its management, operations, and systems activities to tailor the level of control to the needs of the individual projects. The Lockheed Martin definition of systems engineering is: ``Systems Engineering is a proven discipline that defines and manages program requirements, controls risk, ensures program efficiency, supports informed decision making, and verifies that products and services meet customer needs.`` This paper discusses: the need for an expedited environmental management process; how the system was developed; what the system is; what the system does; and an overview of key components of the process.

Blacker, P.B.; Winston, R.

1997-10-01

438

Semantic Web and Intelligent Learning Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter emphasizes integration of the Semantic Web technologies in intelligent learning systems by giving a proposal for an intelligent learning management system (ILMS) architecture we named Multitutor. This system is a Web-based environment for the development the e-learning courses and for the use of them by the students. Multitutor is designed as a Web-classroom client-server system, ontologically founded, and

Vladan Deved

439

A Prototype Digital Image Management System  

PubMed Central

A prototype digital image management system has been designed, implemented and is being evaluated by our department. The system satisfies two major requirements: (a) an on-line access, rapid response microcomputer network providing 9 day archiving of digital data; (b) a long-term, low demand archiving system. This paper provides an estimate of the cost of the system, the potential cost-savings, and identifies the digital data throughput using the Ethernet communications protocol. ImagesFigure 4

Dwyer, Samuel J.; Templeton, Arch W.; Anderson, William H.; Tarlton, Mark A.; Hensley, Kenneth S.; Lee, Kyo Rak; Batnitzky, Solomon; Rosenthal, Stanton J.; Johnson, Joy A.; Preston, David F.

1983-01-01

440

Tank waste remediation system systems engineering management plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) describes the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) implementation of the US Department of Energy (DOE) systems engineering policy provided in 97-IMSD-193. The SEMP defines the products, process, organization, and procedures used by the TWRS Project to implement the policy. The SEMP will be used as the basis for tailoring the systems engineering applications to

Peck

1998-01-01

441

Comparison of automated medication-management systems.  

PubMed

Automated devices for managing medication distribution are described. Shrinking operating budgets are causing many departments of pharmacy to consider automation to maximize the cost-effective use of professional personnel. Many devices and systems that are currently available or under development can help with (1) distribution of medication to and from the patient care area, (2) distribution of medication directly to the patient, (3) inventory control, (4) management of controlled substances, or (5) documentation of medication administration. Medication-management devices based in the patient care unit (Lionville CDModule, Access, Meditrol, Argus, MedStation, Sure-Med, and SelecTrac-Rx) are designed to replace manual filling of unit dose carts or to increase control over floor-stock medications and controlled substances. They provide immediate access to medications but can take extra time to fill. Centrally located medication-management systems (Automated Pharmacy Station, ATC-212, and Medispense) are designed to replace or improve a manual system for filling unit dose carts. They may have financial and practical advantages over systems based in the patient care unit because they avoid redundant inventories. However, a manual system is still needed for some medications, particularly those that need refrigeration. Several point-of-care information systems also have medication-management components (MedTake, CliniCare, Automated Medication Administration Tracking, and MedLynk). They provide rapid access to patient information and facilitate documentation. Many incorporate bar-code technology and radio-frequency transmission of data. An automated management system can combine increased efficiency with decreased risk of error. Descriptions of available systems may help pharmacists choose a system that meets their needs. PMID:7942923

Perini, V J; Vermeulen, L C

1994-08-01

442

SIVA: a hybrid knowledge-and-model-based advisory system for intensive care ventilators.  

PubMed

The Sheffield Intelligent Ventilator Advisor is a hybrid knowledge-and-model-based advisory system designed for intensive care ventilator management. It consists of a top-level fuzzy rule-based module to give the qualitative component of the advice, and a lower-level model-based module to give the quantitative component of the advice. It is structured to offer adaptive patient-specific decision support. It can be operated in either invasive or noninvasive modes depending on the availability of data from invasive clinical measurements. The user can choose between the full-advisory mode and the clinician-directed mode. The advice given by the top-level module has been validated against retrospective real patient data and compared with intensivists expertise and performance under simulation conditions. Closed-loop simulations were performed assuming various clinical scenarios including sudden changes in the patient parameters such as the shunt or deadspace with noise and disturbances. They have shown that the advice given was appropriate and the blood gases resulting from the closed-loop decision support were acceptable. The system was also shown to be tolerant to noise and disturbances. It is implemented in MATLAB/SIMULINK and LabVIEW. PMID:15217261

Kwok, Hoi-Fei; Linkens, Derek A; Mahfouf, Mahdi; Mills, Gary H

2004-06-01

443

An Intensive Consideration for the Galactic Coordinate System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The definition of the Galactic coordinate system (GalCS) in the framework of B1950.0 reference system was announced by the IAU Sub - Commission 33b o n behalf of the IAU in 1958.An non - rigorous transformation was adopted by the Hipparcos group to transform the GalCS from the FK4 - based B1950.0 system to the FK5 - based J2000.0 system or to the International Celestial Reference System (ICRS), however the definition of the GalCS was not updated until now. This may lead to some confusions and misunderstandings when applying of the Galactic coordinates. To establish a GalCS which is directly connected with the ICRS for highly precise observations and data reductions, we re - determine the position of the Galactic plane based on modern large catalogs, such as the near - infrared Two - Micron All - Sky Survey (2MASS) catalog and the SPECFIND v2.0 catalog of radio continuum spectra. The resulting obliquity of the Galactic equator on the ICRS principal plane is about 0.4? (2MASS) and 0.6? (SPECFIND v2.0) larger than the J2000.0 value, which is widely u sed in coordinate transformations between the equatorial (?, ?) and the Galactic (l, b). This work also aims to propose a possible definition of the optimal Galactic coordinate system by adopting the ICRS position of the Sgr A* at the Galactic center. For practical applications, we suggest that a revised definition of the GalCS should be required in the near future.

Zhu, Zi; Cheng, Jia-Cheng

2012-08-01

444

Smoke management system considerations for hotel atriums  

SciTech Connect

This article examines the many life safety problems inherent in open balcony atriums, particularly those in hotels. Focuses on the smoke-management system of a hotel, and shows what can be achieved by an architect, an owner, a building department and a fire department that works together to achieve an enhanced level of life safety in the building's construction. Emphasizes that the hotel should be fully sprinklered; that it have carefully thought-out detection and alarm systems; that it have a reliably engineered smoke management system; and that it be routinely inspected and maintained. Discusses life safety concerns, smoke extraction, and failure mode analysis.

Dillon, M.E.

1983-07-01

445

Environmental Restoration Program Control Management System  

SciTech Connect

Environmental Restoration managers need to demonstrate that their programs are under control. Unlike most industrial programs, the public is heavily involved in Environmental Restoration activities. The public is demanding that the country prove that real progress is being made towards cleaning up the environment. A Program Control Management System can fill this need. It provides a structure for planning, work authorization, data accumulation, data analysis and change control. But it takes time to implement a control system and the public is losing its patience. This paper describes critical items essential to the quick development and implementation of a successful control system.

Duke, R.T.

1992-08-13

446

Some Impacts of Remote System Technology on Future Fisheries Management. Fisheries Stock Assessment. Title 12. Collaborative Research Support Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Much of fisheries research and management suffers from inefficient and labor-intensive techniques. One of the highest potentials for increased efficiency is remote system technology. Examples are the application of remote automated hydroacoustic sensing d...

R. E. Thorne

1987-01-01

447

Training Issues Associated with COTS-based Information Intensive Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A literature review and survey responses from 194 information technology and aerospace contractors identified methods and outcomes of training delivery. Results were used to develop a framework for evaluating and selecting commercial off-the-shelf systems (COTS) for operations and maintenance training. (Contains 11 references.) (SK)|

Farr, John V.; Verma, Dinesh

2002-01-01

448

Computerized clinical documentation system in the pediatric intensive care unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: To determine whether a computerized clinical documentation system (CDS): 1) decreased time spent charting and increased time spent in patient care; 2) decreased medication errors; 3) improved clinical decision making; 4) improved quality of documentation; and\\/or 5) improved shift to shift nursing continuity. METHODS: Before and after implementation of CDS, a time study involving nursing care, medication delivery, and

James A Menke; Cynthia W Broner; Deborah Y Campbell; Michelle Y McKissick; Joy A Edwards-Beckett

2001-01-01

449

Patterns for Designing Learning Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning Management Systems are sophisticated web-based applications that are being engineered today in increasing numbers by numerous institutions and companies that want to get involved in e-learning either for providing services to third parties, or for educating and training their own people. Even though the construction of such systems has been taking place for many years, they are still designed

Symeon Retalis; Andreas Papasalouros

2003-01-01

450

Towards a Secure Data Stream Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Todays data stream management systems (DSMSs) lack se- curity functionality. Based on adversary scenarios we show how a DSMS architecture can be protected. We sketch a general DSMS architecture and introduce security issues that need to be considered. To face the threats we develop an extended system architecture that provides the necessary security mechanisms. We descuss the chosen concepts and

Wolfgang Lindner; Jörg Meier

2005-01-01

451

ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (EIMS) FACT SHEET  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the fact sheet is to provide information about the US EPA Office of Research and Developments Environmental Information Management System. The fact sheet indicates the type of records that are in EIMS, systems that are integrated with EIMS as well as some highligh...

452

Ridesharing and the database management system  

SciTech Connect

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has operated a ridesharing program since 1977. As the volume of recordkeeping and information tracking for the program became more extensive, the need for an easily altered and operated database system became apparent. The following report describes the needs of the ridesharing program and how our database management system answers those needs.

Taasevigen, D.

1981-08-01

453

Evolution of DataBase Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with the history and definitions common to data-base technology. It delimits the objectives of data-base management systems, discusses important concepts, and defines terminology for use by other papers in this issue, traces the development of data-base systems methodology, gives a uniform example, and presents some trends and issues.

James P. Fry; Edgar H. Sibley

1976-01-01

454

Knowledge management systems : The role of 'encouragement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some organisations appear to be more successful than others at adopting and implementing Knowledge Management (KM) systems. In this paper, the authors investigate why this situation may occur through a case study analysis of two organisations that have implemented KM systems. In the first case, the authors consider why one supposedly technologically literate organisation experienced problems implementing what could be

Elaine Ferneley; Ben Light

2002-01-01

455

Development of the Clozaril Patient Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Clozaril Patient Management System (CPMS) has been developed to provide a 100% fail-safe system for monitoring white blood cell counts (WBCs) in patients being treated with clozapine (Clozaril®\\/Leponex®) in the United States and to provide comprehensive data collection on the incidence and development of agranulocytosis. CPMS provides a case administrator and a registered pharmacist. Their role is to support

Bijan Bastani; Larry D. Alphs; Herbert Y. Meltzer

1989-01-01

456

Foundation for Behaviour Management: A Systems Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article outlines the development and implementation of a project designed to help a school reflect on how well it has developed supportive behaviour management systems. The programme further encourages the school to implement more functional systems. When the local Group Special Education (GSE) office was offered an opportunity to develop…

Andrews, Diane; Clarke, Trevor

2005-01-01

457

A scalable distributed information management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a Scalable Distributed Information Management System (SDIMS) that information about large-scale networked systems and that can serve as a basic building block for a broad range of large-scale distributed applications by providing detailed views of nearby information and summary views of global information. To serve as a basic building block, a SDIMS should have four properties: scalability to

Praveen Yalagandula; Michael Dahlin

2004-01-01

458

Creating business intelligence from course management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This article seeks to address the interface between individual learning facilitators that use course management systems (CMS) data to support decision-making and course design and institutional infrastructure providers that are responsible for institutional business intelligence. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The design of a data warehouse is proposed that draw data from institutional transactional systems to provide decision support to individual

Liezl van Dyk; Pieter Conradie

2007-01-01

459

Implementing a Microcomputer Database Management System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Current issues in selecting, structuring, and implementing microcomputer database management systems in research administration offices are discussed, and their capabilities are illustrated with the system used by the University of North Carolina at Wilmington. Trends in microcomputer technology and their likely impact on research administration…

Manock, John J.; Crater, K. Lynne

1985-01-01

460

Efficient management of idleness in storage systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various activities that intend to enhance performance, reliability, and availability of storage systems are scheduled with low priority and served during idle times. Under such conditions, idleness becomes a valuable “resource” that needs to be efficiently managed. A common approach in system design is to be nonwork conserving by “idle waiting”, that is, delay the scheduling of background jobs to

Ningfang Mi; Alma Riska; Qi Zhang; Evgenia Smirni; Erik Riedel

2009-01-01

461

Development of an Integrated Distribution Management System  

SciTech Connect

This final report details the components, functionality, costs, schedule and benefits of developing an Integrated Distribution Management System (IDMS) for power distribution system operation. The Distribution Automation (DA) and Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems used by electric power companies to manage the distribution of electric power to retail energy consumers are vital components of the Nation’s critical infrastructure. Providing electricity is an essential public service and a disruption in that service, if not quickly restored, could threaten the public safety and the Nation’s economic security. Our Nation’s economic prosperity and quality of life have long depended on the essential services that utilities provide; therefore, it is necessary to ensure that electric utilities are able to conduct their operations safely and efficiently. A fully integrated technology of applications is needed to link various remote sensing, communications and control devices with other information tools that help guide Power Distribution Operations personnel. A fully implemented IDMS will provide this, a seamlessly integrated set of applications to raise electric system operating intelligence. IDMS will enhance DA and SCADA through integration of applications such as Geographic Information Systems, Outage Management Systems, Switching Management and Analysis, Operator Training Simulator, and other Advanced Applications, including unbalanced load flow and fault isolation/service restoration. These apps are capable of utilizing and obtaining information from appropriately installed DER, and by integrating disparate systems, the Distribution Operators will benefit from advanced capabilities when analyzing, controlling and operating the electric system.

Schatz, Joe E.

2010-10-20

462

Commissioning the NOAO Data Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The NOAO Data Management System (Barg et al. 2007) is comprised of several large subsystems. Its Data Transport System (Huang et al. 2007) annually conveys Tbytes of data between six remote, intercontinental sites. The NOAO Science Archive (NSA) has been safeguarding key NOAO data products for almost five years. NSA release 3.0 will dramatically increase the data holdings as well

H. H. Lanning; R. Seaman; R. C. Smith

2007-01-01

463

Parenteral and enteral nutrition in the management of neurosurgical patients in the intensive care unit.  

PubMed

The iatrogenic malnutrition of neurosurgical patients in intensive care units (ICU) is an underestimated problem. It may cause a decrease in plasma albumin and oncotic pressure, leading to an increase in the amount of water entering the brain and increased intracranial pressure (ICP). This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that combined high-protein parenteral and enteral nutrition is beneficial for neurosurgical patients in ICU. A total of 202 neurosurgical patients in ICU (mean age+/-standard deviation, 56 years+/-16 years; male:female=1.2:1) were studied. Two consecutive 1-year time periods were compared, during which two different nutritional regimens were followed. In the first time period (Y1) patients were given a low-protein/high-fat formulation parenterally, followed by a standard enteral regimen. In the second time period (Y2) a protein-rich, combined parenteral and enteral diet was prospectively administered. The Glasgow Outcome Score was measured at 3-6 months after discharge. The following clinical parameters were recorded during the first 2 weeks after admission: ICP; albumin; cholinesterase (CHE); daily hours of ICP > 20 mmHg and cerebral perfusion pressure<70 mmHg; and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score. It was found that overall albumin (32.4 g/L+/-4.1g/L vs. 27.5 g/L+/-3.6g/L) and CHE was higher during Y2, although the total energy supply, glucose and fat intake was lower. Higher GOS scores were seen when patients had lower APACHE II scores and received the Y2 nutritional regimen. During Y2, the total hours of ICP > 20 mmHg were fewer. With the Y2 nutrition, maintenance of adequate cerebral perfusion required less catecholamine medication and colloidal fluid replacement. Therefore, adequate nutrition is an important parameter in the management of neurosurgical patients in ICU. PMID:19570684

Oertel, Matthias F; Hauenschild, Annette; Gruenschlaeger, Jessica; Mueller, Bjoern; Scharbrodt, Wolfram; Boeker, Dieter-Karten

2009-06-30

464

Contribution of different grass species to plant-atmosphere ammonia exchange in intensively managed grassland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Species diversity in grasslands usually declines with increasing input of nitrogen from fertilizers or atmospheric nitrogen deposition. Conversely, species diversity may also impact the build-up of soil nitrogen pools. Limited information is available on how plant-atmosphere ammonia exchange is related to species diversity in grasslands. We have here investigated grass species abundance and different foliar nitrogen pools in 4-year-old intensively managed grassland. Apoplastic pH and NH4+ concentrations of the 8 most abundant species were used to calculate stomatal NH3 compensation points. Apoplastic NH4+ concentrations differed considerably among the species, ranging from 13 to 117 ?M, with highest values in Festuca pratensis. Also apoplastic pH values varied, from pH 6.0 in Phleum pratense to 6.9 in Dactylis glomerata. The observed differences in apoplastic NH4+ and pH resulted in a large span of predicted values for the stomatal NH3 compensation point which ranged from 0.20 to 6.57 nmol mol-1. Three species (Lolium perenne, Festuca pratensis and Dactylis glomerata) had sufficiently high NH3 compensation points and abundance to contribute to the NH3 emission of the whole field. At the same time, other grass species such as Phleum pratense and Lolium multiflorum had NH3 compensation points below the atmospheric NH3 concentration and could thus contribute to NH3 uptake from the atmosphere. Evaluated across species, leaf bulk-tissue NH4+ concentrations correlated well (r2=0.902) with stomatal NH3 compensation points calculated on the basis of the apoplastic bioassay. This suggests that leaf tissue NH4+ concentrations combined with data for the frequency distribution of the corresponding species can be used for predicting the NH3 exchange potential of a mixed grass sward.

Mattsson, M.; Herrmann, B.; Jones, S.; Neftel, A.; Sutton, M. A.; Schjoerring, J. K.

2008-06-01

465

One System for Blood Program Information Management  

PubMed Central

A system which integrates the diverse functions of a Blood Program within one structure is being assembled at the American National Red Cross Blood Services, Northeast Region. When finished, it will provide technical support for collection scheduling, donor recruitment, recordkeeping, laboratory processing, inventory management, HLA typing and matching, distribution, and administration within the Program. By linking these applications, a reporting structure useful to top management will be provided.

Gero, Michael G.; Klickstein, Judith S.; Hurst, Timm M.

1980-01-01

466

Environmental management systems and the smaller enterprise  

Microsoft Academic Search

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) make up the vast majority of businesses in Europe. These enterprises are vitally important for a healthy dynamic market economy. However, the environmental impact of small firms is not known either at national or regional levels. Voluntary self-regulatory initiatives such as the eco-management and audit scheme (EMAS) and the international environmental management system (EMS) standard

Ruth Hillary

2004-01-01

467

Eva®: An integrated financial management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both the rise of hostile takeovers and the phenomenal success of LBOs in the 1980s can be explained in part as capital market responses to the shortcomings of the top-down, EPS-based model of financial management that has long dominated corporate America. the EVA financial management system, which presents the 1990s most serious challenge to the dominance of the EPS model,

Joel M. Stern; G. Bennett Stewart; Donald H. Chew

1996-01-01

468

Neural network system for traffic flow management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Atlanta will be the home of several special events during the next five years ranging from the 1996 Olympics to the 1994 Super Bowl. When combined with the existing special events (Braves, Falcons, and Hawks games, concerts, festivals, etc.), the need to effectively manage traffic flow from surface streets to interstate highways is apparent. This paper describes a system for traffic event response and management for intelligent navigation utilizing signals (TERMINUS) developed at Georgia Tech for adaptively managing special event traffic flows in the Atlanta, Georgia area. TERMINUS (the original name given Atlanta, Georgia based upon its role as a rail line terminating center) is an intelligent surface street signal control system designed to manage traffic flow in Metro Atlanta. The system consists of three components. The first is a traffic simulation of the downtown Atlanta area around Fulton County Stadium that models the flow of traffic when a stadium event lets out. Parameters for the surrounding area include modeling for events during various times of day (such as rush hour). The second component is a computer graphics interface with the simulation that shows the traffic flows achieved based upon intelligent control system execution. The final component is the intelligent control system that manages surface street light signals based upon feedback from control sensors that dynamically adapt the intelligent controller's decision making process. The intelligent controller is a neural network model that allows TERMINUS to control the configuration of surface street signals to optimize the flow of traffic away from special events.

Gilmore, John F.; Elibiary, Khalid J.; Peterson, Richard J.

1992-09-01

469

Tactical deployments of laser systems into low-intensity conflicts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the advancements in laser diode technology over the past three years laser systems are becoming smaller, more efficient, dependable, and inexpensive. They have proven field utility as illuminators, designators, rangefinders, and communicators. With the shifting roles of the military, new applications of lasers are being realized. Lasers are being used as non-lethal force multipliers in operations such as UNITED SHIELD. Future implementations of lasers in non-lethal roles may be seen in Bosnia.

Ireland, Robert J.

1997-01-01

470

Measuring Environmental Sustainability of Intensive Poultry-Rearing System  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Sustainability of human activities is one of the most important concerns of the European Union. Consequently, the need to\\u000a assess the level of sustainability achieved both at local and at government level is increasing. This process involves all\\u000a economic sectors, including agriculture and, in particular, livestock. Until several years ago livestock production systems\\u000a were mainly focused on production efficiency and

Simone Bastianoni; Antonio Boggia; Cesare Castellini; Cinzia Stefano; Valentina Niccolucci; Emanuele Novelli; Luisa Paolotti; Antonio Pizzigallo

471

Time-resolved measurement shows a spectral distribution shift in an intense pulsed light system  

Microsoft Academic Search

For an intense pulsed light (IPL) device, knowledge of the spectral output is useful in order to provide effective treatment\\u000a and target specific structures in the skin. It is also a requirement in order to perform a safety assessment. A novel spectral\\u000a measurement system has been developed to detect the optical radiation output of intense pulsed light devices. The system

Ewan Eadie; Paul Miller; Teresa Goodman; Harry Moseley

2009-01-01

472

Study of Digital Management System of Milking Process on Large-Sized Dairy Farm  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was to supply the systemic and full milking process data to support the implementation of both dairy herd improvement (DHI) and digital feeding of dairy cattle. This study designed the relational structured database and developed a set of digital management information system on milking process of intensive dairy farm using Visual Basic 6.0, Access databases, and Crystal report

Ben-hai XIONG; Qing-yao LUO; Jian-qiang LÜ; Liang YANG

2008-01-01

473

Efficient bandwidth management in Broadband Wireless Access Systems using CAC-based dynamic pricing  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the demand for mobile broadband wireless services continues to increase, radio resources remain scarce. Even with the substantial increase in the supported bandwidth in next generation Broadband Wireless Access Systems (BWASs), it is expected that these systems will severely suffer from congestion due to the rapid increase in demand of bandwidth intensive applications. Without efficient bandwidth management and congestion

Bader Al-manthari; Nidal Nasser; Najah A. Abu Ali; Hossam S. Hassanein

2008-01-01

474

Climate Computing (CLICOM) Project (Climate Data Management System).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The data management systems of the World Climate Data Program Project Transfer of Technology in Climate Data Management and User Services are outlined. The data management module is a microcomputer based climatological data processing system. It provides ...

1986-01-01

475

Activity-Based Costing in the Systems Management Department.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis develops a computerized activity-based costing model for the Systems Management Department at the Naval Postgraduate School. The purpose of the activity-based costing model is to provide school and Systems Management Department managers a more...

R. K. Tufts

1995-01-01

476

36 CFR 1210.21 - Standards for financial management systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Financial and Program Management § 1210.21 Standards for financial management systems. (a) The...data and develop unit cost information whenever practical. (b) Recipients' financial management systems shall provide...

2012-07-01

477

15 CFR 14.21 - Standards for financial management systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Financial and Program Management § 14.21 Standards for financial management systems. (a) The...data and develop unit cost information whenever practical. (b) Recipients' financial management systems shall provide...

2012-01-01

478

45 CFR 2543.21 - Standards for financial management systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Financial and Program Management § 2543.21 Standards for financial management systems. (a) Federal...data and develop unit cost information whenever practical. (b) Recipients' financial management systems shall provide...

2012-10-01

479

36 CFR 1210.21 - Standards for financial management systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Financial and Program Management § 1210.21 Standards for financial management systems. (a) The...data and develop unit cost information whenever practical. (b) Recipients' financial management systems shall provide...

2011-07-01

480

20 CFR 632.76 - Program management systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Program management systems. 632.76 Section 632...AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Program Design and Management § 632.76 Program management systems. (a) All Native...

2010-04-01

481

20 CFR 632.76 - Program management systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Program management systems. 632.76 Section 632...AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Program Design and Management § 632.76 Program management systems. (a) All Native...

2009-04-01

482

5 CFR 9701.405 - Performance management system requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Performance management system requirements. 9701.405...HOMELAND SECURITY HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY-OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT) DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...

2013-01-01

483

7 CFR 550.20 - Standards for financial management systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of Agreements Financial Management § 550.20 Standards for financial management systems. (a) REE agencies...to relate financial data to performance data. (b) Cooperators' financial management systems shall provide...

2013-01-01

484

Living without a data management system.  

PubMed

The implementation of a typical electronic data capture (EDC) system for clinical trials - encompassing data entry, validation and reporting tools - involves modeling electronic case report forms (eCRFs) for data that will be entered by investigative trial sites, providing web access for the sites to enter the data, managing a 'cleaning and locking' process (in which any queries against the data are resolved), and transmitting the final data to SAS datasets. Other clinical data not included in CRFs, such as laboratory data, are typically handled in a separate clinical data management system; this information is not directly linked back to the trial sites and therefore is inaccessible for review. Thus, activities such as seeking site feedback on out-of-range laboratory values can only be performed by manually transcribing queries from the data management system into the EDC system. As the number of studies using EDC systems escalates and the number of studies gathering data on paper diminishes, the inefficiencies of handling data across different systems are becoming increasingly apparent. This article explores the opportunities, risks and technical requirements needed for an integrated EDC environment to enable a discontinuation of the use of older data management systems. PMID:18828073

Howells, Keith

2008-10-01

485

National launch strategy vehicle data management system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The national launch strategy vehicle data management system (NLS/VDMS) was developed as part of the 1990 NASA Summer Faculty Fellowship Program. The system was developed under the guidance of the Engineering Systems Branch of the Information Systems Office, and is intended for use within the Program Development Branch PD34. The NLS/VDMS is an on-line database system that permits the tracking of various launch vehicle configurations within the program development office. The system is designed to permit the definition of new launch vehicles, as well as the ability to display and edit existing launch vehicles. Vehicles can be grouped in logical architectures within the system. Reports generated from this package include vehicle data sheets, architecture data sheets, and vehicle flight rate reports. The topics covered include: (1) system overview; (2) initial system development; (3) supercard hypermedia authoring system; (4) the ORACLE database; and (5) system evaluation.

Cordes, David

1990-10-01

486

Tank waste remediation system systems engineering management plan  

SciTech Connect

This Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) describes the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) implementation of the US Department of Energy (DOE) systems engineering policy provided in 97-IMSD-193. The SEMP defines the products, process, organization, and procedures used by the TWRS Project to implement the policy. The SEMP will be used as the basis for tailoring the systems engineering applications to the development of the physical systems and processes necessary to achieve the desired end states of the program. It is a living document that will be revised as necessary to reflect changes in systems engineering guidance as the program evolves. The US Department of Energy-Headquarters has issued program management guidance, DOE Order 430. 1, Life Cycle Asset Management, and associated Good Practice Guides that include substantial systems engineering guidance.

Peck, L.G.

1998-01-08

487

Enterprise resource planning systems, strategic enterprise management systems and management accounting : A Danish study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the body of knowledge about to what extent integrated information systems, such as ERP and SEM systems, affect the ability to solve different management accounting tasks. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The relationship between IIS and management accounting practices was investigated quantitatively. A total of 349 responses were collected using a survey,

Anders Rom; Carsten Rohde

2006-01-01

488

1995 Baseline solid waste management system description  

SciTech Connect

This provides a detailed solid waste system description that documents the treatment, storage, and disposal (TSD) strategy for managing Hanford`s solid low-level waste, low-level mixed waste, transuranic and transuranic mixed waste, and greater-than-Class III waste. This system description is intended for use by managers of the solid waste program, facility and system planners, as well as system modelers. The system description identifies the TSD facilities that constitute the solid waste system and defines these facilities` interfaces, schedules, and capacities. It also provides the strategy for treating each of the waste streams generated or received by the Hanford Site from generation or receipt through final destination.

Anderson, G.S.; Konynenbelt, H.S.

1995-09-01

489

APL Data Management Systems (APLDMS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In April 1971, the Data Base Task Group (DBTG), a group of the Conference on Data Systems Language (CODASYL) specified in a report [I], a Data Definition Language (DDL) to enhance the data structure capabilities of programming languages. In addition, the DBTG proposal defined a Data Manipulation Language (DML) to access or process the data defined by the DDL. COBOL

Salomon Ohayon; Pierre A. Lavallee

1974-01-01

490

Corps Water Management System (CWMS).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As part of its Civil works mission, the US Army Corps of Engineers designs, builds and operates a variety of water resources projects. Projects include, multi-use storage reservoirs, navigation dams and locks, and levee systems with closure structures. Co...

A. F. Pabst

2000-01-01

491

Development of a computer information management system.  

PubMed

The Department of Veterans Affairs, Social Work Service has designed, developed and implemented the Social Work Information Management System (SWIMS) which provides for both administrative and clinical reporting. The system is clinically based and includes an option for case recording. The social work staff, who will use the system, was integrally involved in all phases of planning. The processes of the design, development, testing and implementation are discussed. PMID:8658320

Grishman, M H

1995-01-01

492

CCS Resource Management in Networked HPC Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

CCS is a resource management system for parallelhigh-performancecomputers. At the user level,CCS provides vendor-independent access to parallelsystems. At the system administrator level, CCS offerstools for controlling #i.e. specifying, con#guringand scheduling# the system components that areoperatedinacomputingcenter. Hence the name #ComputingCenter Software". CCS provides:#hardware-independent scheduling of interactiveand batch jobs,#partitioning of exclusive and non-exclusive ...

Axel Keller; Alexander Reinefeld

1998-01-01

493

Design considerations of fast kicker systems for high intensity proton accelerators  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. In this paper, we will discuss the specific issues related to the design of the Fast Kicker Systems for high intensity proton accelerators. To address these issues in the preliminary design stage can be critical since the fast kicker systems affect the machine lattice structure and overall design parameters. Main topics will include system architecture, design

W. Zhang; J. Sandberg; W. M. Parsons; P. Walstrom; E. Cook; E. HARTOUNI

2001-01-01

494

Design considerations of fast kicker systems for high intensity proton accelerators  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we discuss the specific issues related to the design of the fast kicker systems for high intensity proton accelerators. To address these issues in the preliminary design stage can be critical since the fast kicker systems affect the machine lattice structure and overall design parameters. Main topics include system architecture, design strategy, beam current coupling, grounding, end

W. Zhang; J. Sandberg; W. M. Parsons; P. Walstrom; M. M. Murray; E. Cook; E. Hartouni

2001-01-01

495

Study of a final focus system for high intensity beams  

SciTech Connect

The NTX experiment at the Heavy Ion Fusion Virtual National Laboratory is exploring the performance of neutralized final focus systems for high perveance heavy ion beams. The final focus scenario in an HIF driver consists of several large aperture quadrupole magnets followed by a drift section in which the beam space charge is neutralized by a plasma. This beam is required to hit a millimeter-sized target spot at the end of the drift section. The objective of the NTX experiments and associated theory and simulations is to study the various physical mechanisms that determine the final spot size (radius r{sub s}) at a given distance (f) from the end of the last quadrupole. In a fusion driver, f is the standoff distance required to keep the chamber wall and superconducting magnets properly protected. The NTX final quadrupole focusing system produces a converging beam at the entrance to the neutralized drift section where it focuses to a small spot. The final spot is determined by the conditions of the beam entering the quadrupole section, the beam dynamics in the magnetic lattice, and the plasma neutralization dynamics in the drift section. The main issues are the control of emittance growth due to high order fields from magnetic multipoles and image fields. In this paper, we will describe the theoretical and experimental aspects of the beam dynamics in the quadrupole lattice, and how these physical effects influence the final beam size. In particular, we present theoretical and experimental results on the dependence of final spot size on geometric aberrations and perveance.

Henestroza, Enrique; Eylon, Shmuel; Roy, Prabir K.; Yu, Simon S.; Bieniosek, Frank M.; Shuman, Derek B.; Waldron, William L.

2004-06-01

496

STRATEGIES AND CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS FOR INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS IMPLEMENTATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the strategies and factors that are critical for IMS implementation. The IMS strategies cover the possible ways and approaches for management systems integration. There are two ways of integrating the management systems which are consecutive implementation of management systems followed by integration and integrate the management systems simultaneously from the beginning. Several approaches that can be applied

Musli Mohammad; Rasid Osman; Rosnah Mohd. Yusuff; Napsiah Ismail

497

HIERARCHICAL MANAGEMENT OF BATTLEFIELD NETWORKS WITH THE SHAMAN MANAGEMENT SYSTEM  

Microsoft Academic Search

SHAMAN (Spreadsheet-based Hierarchical Architecture for MANagement) is a novel management framework developed at the University of Delaware as a part of the research in network management sponsored by the ATIRP Consortium. SHAMAN extends the traditional flat SNMP management model to a hierarchical architec- ture wherein managers can dynamically delegate man- agement tasks to intermediate managers. Tactical battle- field networks require

Adarshpal S. Sethi; Dong Zhu; Vasil Hnatyshin

498

Systems approach to project risk management  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the need for better performance in the planning and execution of projects and examines the capabilities of two different project risk analysis methods for improving project performance. A quantitative approach based on concepts and tools adopted from the disciplines of systems analysis, probabilistic risk analysis, and other fields is advocated for managing risk in large and complex research & development projects. This paper also provides an overview of how this system analysis approach for project risk management is being used at Los Alamos National Laboratory along with examples of quantitative risk analysis results and their application to improve project performance.

Kindinger, J. P. (John P.)

2002-01-01

499

Operations system administration plan for HANDI 2000 business management system  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Data Integration 2000 (HANDI 2000) Project will result in an integrated and comprehensive set of functional applications containing core information necessary to support the Project Hanford Management Contract (PHMC). It is based on the Commercial-Off-The-Shelf (COTS) product solution with commercially proven business processes. This includes systems that support finance, supply, chemical management, human resources and payroll activities on the Hanford Site. The Passport (PP) software is an integrated application for Accounts Payable, Contract Management, Inventory Management, Purchasing, and Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS). The PeopleSoft (PS) software is an integrated application for General Ledger, Project Costing, Human Resources, Payroll, Benefits, and Training. The implementation of this set of products, as the first deliverable of the HANDI 2000 Project, is referred to as Business Management System (BMS) and MSDS.

Adams, D.E.

1998-09-29

500

Considerations and proposals for the management of patients after prolonged intensive care unit admission  

Microsoft Academic Search

The majority of patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) have a short stay of only a few days. However a small but significant number require prolonged intensive care. This is typically due to persisting, and sometimes complex, medical\\/surgical problems. Discharge of such ICU patients requires a comprehensive, multidisciplinary, verbal and written handover to the receiving ward team. As

Robin H Johns; Deborah Dawson; Jonathan Ball

2010-01-01