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1

36 CFR 1284.30 - Does NARA lend documents to other institutions for exhibit purposes?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true Does NARA lend documents to other institutions for exhibit...NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION NARA FACILITIES EXHIBITS § 1284.30 Does NARA lend documents to other institutions for...

2013-07-01

2

36 CFR 1284.30 - Does NARA lend documents to other institutions for exhibit purposes?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Does NARA lend documents to other institutions for exhibit purposes? 1284...ADMINISTRATION NARA FACILITIES EXHIBITS § 1284.30 Does NARA lend documents to other institutions for exhibit purposes?...

2010-07-01

3

36 CFR 1284.30 - Does NARA lend documents to other institutions for exhibit purposes?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Property 3 2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Does NARA lend documents to other institutions for exhibit purposes? 1284...ADMINISTRATION NARA FACILITIES EXHIBITS § 1284.30 Does NARA lend documents to other institutions for exhibit purposes?...

2009-07-01

4

12 CFR 613.3200 - International lending.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...United States. (d) International business operations. A bank for...and facilitates the international business operations of such cooperatives...for imports, exports, or international business operations shall not...

2009-01-01

5

12 CFR 613.3200 - International lending.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...United States. (d) International business operations. A bank for...and facilitates the international business operations of such cooperatives...for imports, exports, or international business operations shall not...

2010-01-01

6

Foreign Banks in Transition Economies: Small Business Lending and Internal Capital Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

On the basis of focused interviews with managers of foreign parent banks and their affiliates in Central Europe and the Baltics, we analyse foreign banks small business lending and internal capital markets. This allows us to complement the standard empirical literature, which has difficulty in measuring important variables such as lending technologies and capital allocation systems. We find that the

Ralph de Haas; Ilko Naaborg

2005-01-01

7

IMF lending: how is it affected by economic, political and institutional factors?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In seeking to understand IMF lending early large sample econometric studies tended to focus on economic factors. Political and institutional influences were often deemed to be reflected in the frequently large residual. At the same time increasing anecdotal evidence was being amassed to suggest that political factors were indeed important. However, more recent studies have claimed that, by using superior

Graham Bird; Dane Rowlands

2001-01-01

8

International lending with moral hazard and risk of repudiation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author examines the optimal pattern of lending in an environment in which there are two impediments to contracting. The first impediment is that lenders cannot observe whether borrowers invest or consume borrowed funds. This impediment leads to a moral hazard problem in investment. The second impediment is that the borrower may choose to repudiate his debts. The optimal contract

Andrew Atkeson

1991-01-01

9

Kyiv institutional buildings sector energy efficiency program: Lending and implementation assessment  

SciTech Connect

The government of Ukraine, through the State Committee of Energy Conservation (State Committee), is considering the implementation of energy efficiency measures in state and municipal institutional buildings in the city of Kyiv. The State Committee entered into a Memorandum of Cooperation with the US Department of Energy (DOE) to conduct an assessment of the institutional buildings sector efficiency potential. This assessment will be used to support a potential loan by the World Bank for implementing a buildings efficiency improvement program in Kyiv. This report provides an assessment of the options for structuring the lending scenarios and the implementation of the program. Components to the lending structure are options for the disbursement of funds, options for the loan service, and other financial options and considerations. Program implementation includes management structures, reporting, installation activities, and post-installation activities such as training and verification.

Secrest, T.J.; Freeman, S.L. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Popelka, A. [Tysak Engineering, Acton, MA (United States); Shestopal, P.A.; Gagurin, E.V. [Agency for Rational Energy Use and Ecology, Kyiv (Ukraine)

1997-08-01

10

International Monetary Fund: Lending Programs Allow for Negotiations and Are Consistent with Economic Literature.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has significantly increased its total committed lending to countries from about $3.5 billion in August 2008 to about $170.4 billion in August 2009, as countries have been severely affected by the global economic crisi...

2009-01-01

11

Institute for International Economics (IIE)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute for International Economics is a "private, nonprofit, nonpartisan research institution devoted to the study of international economic policy." This web site contains short abstracts and press releases of books published by the Institute. Speeches, testimonies and essays by the staff at the Institute on a variety of international economics issues are also available as is a collection of working papers published since 1994.

1998-01-01

12

The International Development Institute.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is a report prepared by a committee convened by the National Academy of Sciences in October 1970 at the request of the Agency for International Development, to consider the character, purposes, and functions of a United States International Developme...

1971-01-01

13

International Food Policy Research Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) is dedicated to identifying and analyzing "policies for sustainably meeting the food needs of the developing world." IFPRI's research interests include economic growth and the alleviation of poverty in developing countries, improving the well-being of poor people, and management of natural resources instrumental in the support of agriculture. The IFPRI Website is packed with food policy research information, including a collection of African food security data sets (compiled in the 1990s); information on IFPRI research searchable by region or by subject; and IFPRI's many publications which are available in English, French, Spanish, and Portuguese. The site offers a links section, which points users to cooperating organizations in developing countries around the world.

2008-01-10

14

International lending of last resort and moral hazard: A model of IMF's catalytic finance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the trade-off between official liquidity provision and debtor moral hazard in international financial crises. In the model, crises are caused by the interaction of bad fundamentals, self-fulfilling runs and policies by three classes of optimizing agents: international investors, the local government and an international official lender. Limited contingent liquidity support helps to prevent liquidity runs by raising

Giancarlo Corsetti; Bernardo Guimares; Nouriel Roubini

2006-01-01

15

International Security Institutions, Domestic Politics, and Institutional Legitimacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scholars have devoted considerable attention to the informational role of international institutions. However, several questions about the informational aspects of institutional behavior remain underexplored: What determines how audiences respond to institutional decisions? Through what channels does information provision affect foreign policy? To

Chapman, Terrence L.

2007-01-01

16

International lending of last resort and moral hazard: a model of IMF's catalytic flnance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the trade-ofi between o-cial liquidity provision and debtor moral hazard in international flnancial crises. In the model, crises are caused by the interaction of bad fundamentals, self-fulfllling runs and policies by three classes of optimizing agents: international investors, the local government and an international o-cial lender. Limited contingent liquidity support helps to prevent liquidity runs by raising

Nouriel Roubini; Bernardo Guimaraes

2004-01-01

17

International Monetary Fund: Few Changes Evident in Design of New Lending Program for Poor Countries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report responds to a Congressional request that the General Accounting Office (1) analyze how the International Monetary Funds new Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility is designed to be different from the Funds Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facilit...

2001-01-01

18

International Economic Institutions, Institutional Complementarities and Institutionalized Linkages. The International Trade Case  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses the forces at the base of the formation processes of international economic institutions following the fundamental New Institutional Economics (NIE) approach. In particular, the paper assumes that new international economic institutions respond to a principle of procedural rationality. This principle indicates that the formation of institutions takes place in an environment dominated by the bounded rationality of

Maurizio Mistri

2010-01-01

19

Internal Benchmarking for Institutional Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internal benchmarking is an established practice in business and industry for identifying best in-house practices and disseminating the knowledge about those practices to other groups in the organization. Internal benchmarking can be done with structures, processes, outcomes, or even individuals. In colleges or universities with multicampuses or a

Ronco, Sharron L.

2012-01-01

20

Establishment of the International Power Institute.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Building on the two previous trips to Central America last year, International Power Institute (IPI) and its partner Tennessee Valley Infrastructure Group (TVIG) have focused their attention this quarter on project sites in Honduras. TVIG's unit--an Integ...

J. E. Coles

2000-01-01

21

Worldsteel: International Iron and Steel Institute (IISI)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Iron and Steel Institute provides this all steel website. This site covers steel news, a steel data center, publications from the institute, and links to steel companies all over the world. Key sections include Automobiles, where you can learn about the Ultralight Steel Auto Body (ULSAB) project, and Construction, where you can see steel being used for residential buildings and "remarkable engineering feats." Other sections include Packaging, Sustainability, Economics/Business, and 21st Century Technology (under construction).

1997-01-01

22

The Peterson Institute for International Economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE) is the only think tank in the United States devoted to global economic\\u000a policy issues. Its staff of 50 includes two dozen Senior Fellows who address the entire range of international trade and financial\\u000a topics as well as all key countries and regions. The first comprehensive survey of the worlds 5,465 think tanks

C. Fred Bergsten

2009-01-01

23

International Institute for Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the activities of the International Institute for Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering (IHE), whose primary function is the promotion of the better use of water resources as a vehicle of development by the transfer of knowledge and experience. (Author/RK)

Mostertman, L. J.

1977-01-01

24

Institute for the Study of International Migration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1998 and part of the Walsh School of Foreign Service, the Institute for the Study of International Migration at Georgetown University focuses its work on "all aspects of international migration." Along with administering a certificate program, the Institute sponsors a number of ongoing research projects, including ones dealing with cooperative efforts to manage emigration, immigration homeownership, and forced migration. Persons visiting the DC area will want to take a look at the Institute's schedule of upcoming human events forums, whose topics in the past have included "Children in War," "Human Rights and Human Trafficking," and "Globalization and Landlessness in Guatemala." Scholars and persons working in this field will most definitely want to look at the Publications section of the site, which is thematically organized, and contains working papers and final reports from the past five years.

1998-01-01

25

Harvard Institute for International Development (HIID)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1974, the Harvard Institute for International Development (HIID) is an interdisciplinary center at Harvard University whose mission is to assist the economic growth of developing nations. Publications on-site include an extensive compilation of Development Discussion Papers (1974-present) with selected full text on agricultural and food policy, education, taxation, economic reform, and environmental issues (1995-present), as well as research stemming from the Consulting Assistance on Economic Reform project (CAER) and International Tax Program. Recent HIID book reviews are also available, and interested parties may examine compilations on the East Asian Financial Crisis and the External Debt Problem in Central America at the Research page.

Development., Harvard I.

1998-01-01

26

International Seed Saving Institute: Basic Seed Saving  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This straightforward site from the International Seed Saving Institute on Basic Seed Saving will be of use to any growers interested in learning how to save seeds from season to season. The site provides links "to specific seed saving instructions for 27 common vegetables" including many favorites like corn, carrots, broccoli, and lettuce. The site also links to a glossary of seed saving terms and a six-step Seed Saving Tutorial.

27

International Interdisciplinary Research Institute Project in Senegal  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The project of an interdisciplinary research institute in Senegal was initiated in 1993 in Senegal (West Africa) and became a template for a similar project in the US in 1999. Since then, numerous meetings and presentations have been held at various national and international institutions, workshops and conferences. The current development of this partnership includes drafts for a full design of all systems at each facility, as well as the physics, applied health and educational programs to be implemented. The Senegal facility was conceived for scientific capacity building and equally to act as a focal point aimed at using the local scientific expertise. An anticipated outcome would be a contribution to the reduction of an ever-growing brain drain process suffered by the country, and the African continent in general. The development of the project led also to a strong African orientation of the facility: built for international collaboration, it is to be a pan-African endeavor and to serve primarily African countries. The facility received a presidential approval in a 2003 meeting and will develop an interdisciplinary program centered on a strong materials science research which will also allow for the establishment of an advanced analytical (physical chemistry) laboratory. A central part of the facility will be linked to state-of-the art accelerator mass spectrometry, cyclotron and low energy electromagnetic accelerator systems. )

Gueye, Paul

2010-02-01

28

The Ability of Banks to Lend to Informationally Opaque Small Businesses  

Microsoft Academic Search

August 2001Large and foreign-owned institutions may have difficulty extending relationship loans to informationally opaque small firms. Bank distress does not appear to affect small business lending, although even small firms may react to bank distress by borrowing from multiple banks.Consolidation of the banking industry is shifting assets into larger institutions that often operate in many nations. Large international financial institutions

Allen N. Berger; Leora F. Klapper; Gregory F. Udell

1999-01-01

29

China in International Institutions: Challenges and Opportunities for Singapore.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since China first opened its economy in 1978, it has slowly begun playing a larger role in international institutions. As a country that participates actively in multilateral organizations, Singapore is keenly affected by developments in such institutions...

Y. J. Lin

2011-01-01

30

Documentation of the lending process  

SciTech Connect

US DOE has forged a partnership with the American Bankers Association, the US League of Savings Associations, and the National League of Savings and Loans to develop training materials for senior financial institution officials, loan officers and staff appraisers in the area of energy efficient considerations at the residential time of transfer. Also, training materials will be developed to enable financial institutions to educate their customers regarding residential energy efficiency. To reach this goal, the lending process must be documented to provide training material developers with an understanding of possible areas where the lending process can be most effected by energy education. Objective of this report was to document the mortgage lending process by conducting a literature search. Researchers concentrated on the role of both primary lenders and the secondary mortgage market. Also, studies were made on the types of mortgage plans, linkages between major actors (e.g., real estate agents, appraisers, senior bank officials, loan officers), guarantors (e.g., FHA, VA), and mortgage variations due to region and building type and owner.

Chase, S.H.; Manion, J.S.; Garcia-Hohmann, J.

1981-08-01

31

Institutional and Managerial Factors Affecting International Student Recruitment Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate international student recruitment from an institutional perspective and to consider institutional factors that may affect recruitment. Design/methodology/approach: A qualitative study is undertaken in which education marketing practitioners are interviewed regarding aspects of international

Ross, Mitchell; Heaney, Joo-Gim; Cooper, Maxine

2007-01-01

32

Australian educational institutions' international markets : A correspondence analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose The global market for international students have become highly competitive and many institutions, particularly higher education institutions, rely heavily on fee income from overseas students. This study aims to examine the countries from which Australian education institutions draw such students and used this information to better understand such patterns. Design\\/methodology\\/approach Data were obtained from a sample of

Timothy W. Mazzarol; Geoffrey N. Soutar

2008-01-01

33

Australian Educational Institutions International Markets: A Correspondence Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The global market for international students have become highly competitive and many institutions, particularly higher education institutions, rely heavily on fee income from overseas students. This study aims to examine the countries from which Australian education institutions draw such students and used this information to better

Mazzarol, Timothy W.; Soutar, Geoffrey N.

2008-01-01

34

International Academic Success: Institutional Planning & Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was requested by the Senate International Affairs Committee. The research questions included: (1) What factors affect the cumulative GPA (CGPA) of International students at TRU?; (2) What factors affect the retention of International students at TRU?; and (3) Are Student Success Courses among the significant factors for GPA and

Hamilton, Kristen; Kennedy, Matthew; Crespin-Mueller, Dorys

2010-01-01

35

International R&D spillovers and institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The empirical analysis in International R&D Spillovers [Coe, D., Helpman, E., 1995. International R&D Spillovers. European Economic Review, 39, 859887] is first revisited on an expanded data set that we have constructed for the purpose of this study. The new estimates confirm the key results reported in Coe and Helpman about the impact of domestic and foreign R&D capital stocks

David T. Coe; Elhanan Helpman; Alexander W. Hoffmaister

2009-01-01

36

The Role of International Law: Formulating International Legal Instruments and Creating International Institutions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using as a basis the threat of climatic change resulting from global warming, this article considers the functions that might be assigned to an international regime. For each function individually and collectively, the instruments and institutions that would be required for the various processes are examined. (SLD)

Szasz, Paul C.

1991-01-01

37

Fifth International Summer Institute in Surface Science (ISISS 1981).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

At the Fifth International Summer Institute in Surface Science, twenty leading scientists presented tutorial review talks on gas-solid and solid-solid interfaces. Paper topics include: 'Development of Photoemission as a Tool for Surface Analysis - From Se...

R. Vanselow

1982-01-01

38

International Learning Institutions: Organization, Visions, and Missions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This doctoral research examines the challenges, objectives, goals, strategies, and tactics facing leaders, administrators, faculty, students, and other stakeholders with an interest in international higher education. These broad topics necessarily encompass many factors including the market forces of globalization, increasing competition,

Van Hook, Steven R.

2011-01-01

39

ICT: The International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based in Israel, the ICT has opened a new site that will prove very valuable to anyone researching regional violence or radical groups. The site provides background information and articles dealing with terrorist groups and terrorism, a list of International Terrorist Organizations, a searchable database on Terrorist Attacks, and daily updates on related worldwide events. Additional resources include an internal search engine, annotated links, and information sections on counter-terrorism, the Arab-Israeli conflict, international terrorism and the Institute.

1998-01-01

40

12 CFR 560.101 - Real estate lending standards.  

...closing and disbursement. Payment processing. Escrow administration. Collateral...deeds in lieu of foreclosure. Claims processing (e.g., seeking recovery on a...institution's real estate lending policy may signal a weakening of its underwriting...

2014-01-01

41

12 CFR 160.101 - Real estate lending standards.  

...closing and disbursement. Payment processing. Escrow administration. Collateral...deeds in lieu of foreclosure. Claims processing (e.g., seeking recovery on a...institution's real estate lending policy may signal a weakening of its underwriting...

2014-01-01

42

12 CFR 390.265 - Real estate lending standards.  

...closing and disbursement. Payment processing. Escrow administration. Collateral...deeds in lieu of foreclosure. Claims processing (e.g., seeking recovery on a defaulted...institution's real estate lending policy may signal a weakening of its underwriting...

2014-01-01

43

Internal Consultancy, Team and Institutional Development (Report No. 91).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents examples from 10 internal consultancies provided by the author within the Open University (United Kingdom) that reveal how teams develop and are integrated into the systems of a complex institution. These consultancies included: providing consulting services to a course team; counseling with a course team chair; serving as a

Nicodemus, Robert

44

International Power Institute quarterly report, October--December 1997.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The International Power Institute (IPI) held a meeting in Washington, DC, on July 30, 1997, to plan the future strategy and activities for IPI. This meeting was attended by the staff of the IPI, the Morehouse College Provost, Department of Energy official...

1998-01-01

45

International Summer Institute in Surface Science (ISISS 1975) (2nd).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

At the second International Summer Institute in Surface Science, twenty-one leading scientists presented tutorial review talks on gas-solid interfaces. Paper topics: 'The Imaging Process in Field Ion Microscopy: From the FEM to the ATOM-Probe', 'Influence...

R. Vanselow

1976-01-01

46

The Jerome A. Chazen Institute of International Business  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Much of the world of business has been transformed by the processes of globalization, with many transnational corporations having multiple headquarters located in far-flung corners of the world. Recognizing this important transformation, Jerome A. Chazen (an alumnus of Columbia University's Business School) offered a donation to begin the Institute of International Business that bears his name. First-time visitors to the site will want to peruse the "News & Events" section on the homepage straight away, as it offers insights into the recent activities of the Institute. The real highlight of the site is the _Chazen Web Journal of International Business_, which contains papers and research reports on a wide range of topics, including management, finance, and entrepreneurship. The site is rounded out by the information it provides on grants and prizes awarded by the Chazen Institute.

47

International ranking systems for universities and institutions: a critical appraisal  

PubMed Central

Background Ranking of universities and institutions has attracted wide attention recently. Several systems have been proposed that attempt to rank academic institutions worldwide. Methods We review the two most publicly visible ranking systems, the Shanghai Jiao Tong University 'Academic Ranking of World Universities' and the Times Higher Education Supplement 'World University Rankings' and also briefly review other ranking systems that use different criteria. We assess the construct validity for educational and research excellence and the measurement validity of each of the proposed ranking criteria, and try to identify generic challenges in international ranking of universities and institutions. Results None of the reviewed criteria for international ranking seems to have very good construct validity for both educational and research excellence, and most don't have very good construct validity even for just one of these two aspects of excellence. Measurement error for many items is also considerable or is not possible to determine due to lack of publication of the relevant data and methodology details. The concordance between the 2006 rankings by Shanghai and Times is modest at best, with only 133 universities shared in their top 200 lists. The examination of the existing international ranking systems suggests that generic challenges include adjustment for institutional size, definition of institutions, implications of average measurements of excellence versus measurements of extremes, adjustments for scientific field, time frame of measurement and allocation of credit for excellence. Conclusion Nave lists of international institutional rankings that do not address these fundamental challenges with transparent methods are misleading and should be abandoned. We make some suggestions on how focused and standardized evaluations of excellence could be improved and placed in proper context.

Ioannidis, John PA; Patsopoulos, Nikolaos A; Kavvoura, Fotini K; Tatsioni, Athina; Evangelou, Evangelos; Kouri, Ioanna; Contopoulos-Ioannidis, Despina G; Liberopoulos, George

2007-01-01

48

United Nations University: International Institute for Software Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Institute for Software Technology is part of the United Nations University and is located in Macau. The Instituteâs mission is "to help developing countries strengthen their education and research in computer science and their ability to produce computer software." They work with universities to develop curricula and provide training and collaborate with research institutes, as well as public and private institutions, to develop software. The website highlights the tools they developed for the RAISE (Rigorous Approach to Industrial Software Engineering). A summary of their most recent work is available in the annual report with further details provided in their technical reports, both of which are free online. Additional information on the University is also available.

49

The Impact of Federal Preemption of State Antipredatory Lending Laws on the Foreclosure Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

State antipredatory lending laws (APLs) are designed to protect borrowers against predatory lending that can increase the risk of default and deplete the home equity held by borrowers. Federal regulators instituted preemption that limited the scope and reach of state antipredatory lending regulations for certain lenders. Based on the variation in

Ding, Lei; Quercia, Roberto G.; Reid, Carolina K.; White, Alan M.

2012-01-01

50

Establishment of the International Power Institute. Final technical report  

SciTech Connect

The International Power Institute, in collaboration with American industries, seeks to address technical, political, economic and cultural issues of developing countries in the interest of facilitating profitable transactions in power related infrastructure projects. IPI works with universities, governments and commercial organizations to render project-specific recommendations for private-sector investment considerations. IPI also established the following goals: Facilitate electric power infrastructure transactions between developing countries and the US power industry; Collaborate with developing countries to identify development strategies to achieve energy stability; and Encourage market driven solutions and work collaboratively with other international trade energy, technology and banking organizations.

Julius E. Coles

2000-08-04

51

International Power Institute quarterly report, October--December 1997  

SciTech Connect

The International Power Institute (IPI) held a meeting in Washington, DC, on July 30, 1997, to plan the future strategy and activities for IPI. This meeting was attended by the staff of the IPI, the Morehouse College Provost, Department of Energy officials and energy sector representatives. There were a total of 13 people attending this meeting that focused the country/regional focus of IPI and how best to achieve private sector participation in IPI activities. Based on the discussions held, it was decided that South Africa and Mexico would be the countries of initial principal focus for IPI, given the Institute`s staff`s expertise and the attractiveness of these markets for US investors in energy sector projects. In addition, the meeting concluded that the proposed fundraising program presented during the meeting should be revised and made more product oriented and other methods for private sector financing should be explored.

NONE

1998-04-02

52

Babcock Institute for International Dairy Research and Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In keeping with the tradition of "The Wisconsin Idea," the Babcock Institute for International Dairy Research and Development Web site features material that will be of great interest to the general public, researchers, and those directly involved in the dairy industry. Pertinent sections on the site include areas devoted to recent publications dealing with topical dairy research, the Institute's current research agenda, outreach projects, and educational tools. The educational tools section of the site offer information to those seeking to learn more about dairy science, or for those who seeking to translate dairy terms into several different languages. Additionally, all of the materials on the site are available in Spanish, and a calendar highlights upcoming events sponsored by the Institute.

2002-01-01

53

Patterns of cooperation in international water law: principles and institutions  

SciTech Connect

Specific arrangements establishing some kind of permanent cooperation between the states concerned are necessary to satisfactory international relations over the use, administration, and protection of water resources. The arrangements must be specific because each river basin or system is unique and beyond the scope of general rules of international law. The states can agree on the allocation of costs and benefits and each state's share and responsibilities without the support of appropriate joint institutions to deal with the increasingly complex problems of common water management. Progress to date shows that the most sensible line of action would be to expand and improve on existing mechanisms of intergovernmental cooperation by strengthening or creating international administration.

Caponera, D.A.

1985-07-01

54

Communities respond to predatory lending.  

PubMed

Low-income communities in the United States have faced a history of financial marginalization and exploitation, most evident today in the proliferation of predatory financial services, such as payday lending and check-cashing services. Ameliorating the negative effects of predatory lending has become increasingly important on the agenda of community development efforts and the field of social work. Through the use of case studies, this article describes three specific strategies that communities use to increase financial inclusion and buffer against the deleterious effects of predatory lending: inclusion, community-based alternatives, and community advocacy. PMID:24855864

Caplan, Mary Ager

2014-04-01

55

International certification in developing countries: The role of internal and external institutional pressure.  

PubMed

This paper examines the different internal and external institutional factors that affect the decision of businesses in developing countries to adopt international certification (IC). Past studies focus on pressure from international laws, the role of multinationals, and businesses mimicking practices of their counterparts in developed countries. This paper finds that, in addition to these external factors, internal factors may have a significant role. Even though environmental regulation is weak in developing countries, governments do not ignore industrial pollution and casualties. They respond by increasing bureaucratic regulations for businesses and this can affect the decision to adopt IC. Furthermore, internal pressure may come from workers' unions that push for a safe and healthy working environment. PMID:24975804

Fikru, Mahelet G

2014-11-01

56

Lending sociodynamics and economic instability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show how the dynamics of economic instability and financial crises articulated by Keynes in the General Theory and developed by Minsky as the Financial Instability Hypothesis can be formalized using Weidlichs sociodynamics of opinion formation. The model addresses both the lending sentiment of a lender in isolation as well as the impact on that lending sentiment of the behavior of other lenders. The risk associated with lending is incorporated through a stochastic treatment of loan dynamics that treats prepayment and default as competing risks. With this model we are able to generate endogenously the rapid changes in lending opinion that attend slow changes in lending profitability and find these dynamics to be consistent with the rise and collapse of the non-Agency mortgage-backed securities market in 2007/2008. As the parameters of this model correspond to well-known phenomena in cognitive and social psychology, we can both explain why economic instability has proved robust to advances in risk measurement and suggest how policy for reducing economic instability might be formulated in an experimentally sound manner.

Hawkins, Raymond J.

2011-11-01

57

Constrained at Home: The Effect of Domestic and International Institutions on Domestic Respect for Human Rights  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation consists of four papers that contribute to literatures on human rights, domestic political institutions, and international cooperation. Specifically, I look at how domestic and international political institutions affect commitment to international human rights law and domestic respect for human rights. In Chapter 2, I argue that the domestic incentives dictators face to support the Convention Against Torture (CAT)

Courtenay Ryals Conrad

2010-01-01

58

8 CFR 316.20 - American institutions of research, public international organizations, and designations under the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Sciences. Carleton College (Department of Sociology and Anthropology), Northfield, MN. Center of Alcohol Studies, Laboratory...Southeast, East, and Fort Wayne Institute for Development Anthropology, Inc. Institute of International Education, Inc....

2008-01-01

59

8 CFR 316.20 - American institutions of research, public international organizations, and designations under the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Sciences. Carleton College (Department of Sociology and Anthropology), Northfield, MN. Center of Alcohol Studies, Laboratory...Southeast, East, and Fort Wayne Institute for Development Anthropology, Inc. Institute of International Education, Inc....

2004-01-01

60

8 CFR 316.20 - American institutions of research, public international organizations, and designations under the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Sciences. Carleton College (Department of Sociology and Anthropology), Northfield, MN. Center of Alcohol Studies, Laboratory...Wildlife Management Department. Institute for Development Anthropology, Inc. Institute of International Education, Inc....

2000-01-01

61

8 CFR 316.20 - American institutions of research, public international organizations, and designations under the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Sciences. Carleton College (Department of Sociology and Anthropology), Northfield, MN. Center of Alcohol Studies, Laboratory...Southeast, East, and Fort Wayne Institute for Development Anthropology, Inc. Institute of International Education, Inc....

2006-01-01

62

8 CFR 316.20 - American institutions of research, public international organizations, and designations under the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Sciences. Carleton College (Department of Sociology and Anthropology), Northfield, MN. Center of Alcohol Studies, Laboratory...Wildlife Management Department. Institute for Development Anthropology, Inc. Institute of International Education, Inc....

1998-01-01

63

8 CFR 316.20 - American institutions of research, public international organizations, and designations under the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Sciences. Carleton College (Department of Sociology and Anthropology), Northfield, MN. Center of Alcohol Studies, Laboratory...Wildlife Management Department. Institute for Development Anthropology, Inc. Institute of International Education, Inc....

1999-01-01

64

8 CFR 316.20 - American institutions of research, public international organizations, and designations under the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Sciences. Carleton College (Department of Sociology and Anthropology), Northfield, MN. Center of Alcohol Studies, Laboratory...Wildlife Management Department. Institute for Development Anthropology, Inc. Institute of International Education, Inc....

1997-01-01

65

Energy crises and cooperation: Do international institutions matter?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The risk of an oil supply disruption still exists. Oil reserves are increasingly concentrated in a handful of unreliable regimes, plagued by piracy and terrorism. Natural disasters and chokepoint incidents have increased in frequency. In addition, oil is expected to remain a significant part of the energy mix up until 2030. By that time Europe will be importing 90% of its oil. Thus, oil supply security will become an increasingly important feature of European politics. One way to counter the noxious consequences of an oil disruption is to cooperate. International cooperation is a critical factor in any type of crisis, however, it is especially important when it comes to a finite, highly concentrated and critical commodity like oil. The lack of coordination might lead to scrambling and oil hoarding, which dramatically exacerbate the crisis. Yet cooperation in the oil issue-area has been the subject of only a few studies, none of which provides a systematic and comprehensive analysis. They are also limited in their scope and findings. This dissertation aims to partially fill this lacuna. It employs a structured focused comparison to study European consumer countries' cooperation in times of oil supply shortages. There have been fifteen such crises since the Second World War, three of which with dramatic consequences for the world economy. The analysis evaluates European cooperative efforts in seven of these cases, starting with the Abadan crisis in 1951. The cases are selected on the basis of their magnitude and economic impact. In particular, I look at intergovernmental negotiations within existing international bodies prior to, during and immediately after the crisis. The findings suggest that institutions are more likely to facilitate interstate cooperation in the presence of a strong leader (a hegemon) - a role, which in the case of the oil issue-area was assumed by the US until the early 1970s.

Chakarova, Vessela P.

66

Lending relationships in Germany Empirical evidence from survey data  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine empirically the role of lending relationships in determining the costs and collateral requirements for external funds. The data originate from a recently concluded survey of small and medium-sized German firms. In our descriptive analysis, we explore the borrowing patterns and the concentration of borrowing from financial institutions. Using data on L\\/C interest rates, collateral requirements, and the firm's

Dietmar Harhoff; Timm Krting

1998-01-01

67

Institutional Mergers in Higher Education: Lessons from International Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education systems and institutions have used institutional mergers to address a range of different problems, particularly fragmentation amongst non-university institutions, lack of financial and academic viability, pressures for major system restructuring and external competitive threats. While mergers frequently are disruptive, strongly

Harman, Grant; Harman, Kay

2003-01-01

68

"Institutional Autism" in Children Adopted Internationally: Myth or Reality?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Institutional autism" is understood as a "learned behavior" produced by an institutional environment such as an orphanage. Some autistic-like behaviors may be adaptive in an institution, but become mal-adaptive after the child's adoption into a family. A differential diagnosis between autism as a medical condition and learned autistic-like

Gindis, Boris

2008-01-01

69

On the rationale of bank lending in pre-crisis Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence from credit files is provided to examine bank lending determinants of Thai commercial banks. Their lending practice follows reasonable patterns as a standard set of variables, including indirect risk variables, explains much of the variance in interest rate spread. Reflecting institutional differences with mature markets, we find a higher importance of relationship banking and risk control via credit availability.

Lukas Menkhoff; Chodechai Suwanaporn

2007-01-01

70

On the Rationale of Bank Lending in Pre-Crisis Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence from credit files is provided to examine bank lending determinants of Thai commercial banks. Their lending practice follows reasonable patterns as a standard set of variables, including indirect risk variables, explains much of the variance in interest rate spread. Reflecting institutional differences with mature markets, we find higher importance of relationship banking and risk control via credit availability. Information

Lukas Menkhoff; Chodechai Chodechai Suwanaporn

2005-01-01

71

International Power Institute`s quarterly technical progress report, July--September 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Power Institute (IPI) at Morehouse College has organized a team to design and create a Short Term Training Program for ESKOM Union Leaders which will last four weeks and take place at a location in South Africa to be designated by ESKOM. This proposal envisions a group of no more than 25 union leaders to be trained at the same time but the program could be expanded to accommodate up to 40 trainees. The program is designed around interactive training with lectures followed by discussion, case studies, trainee work groups, homework assignments and two field study visits. Also, the program is designed to have a number of ESKOM management people join the course for one day in the second week and one day at the end, in each case after a half day of preparation in separate sessions from the union leaders, to share with the trainees expectations and, at the end of the program, their course experiences. In addition, IPI has prepared a follow on proposal for a Long Term Training Program. This LT program is specified in less detail but can be expanded based on future discussions with ESKOM management. The training program is designed with the following objectives: determine and identify the most pressing problems facing ESKOM Union Leadership in their relationship with management; instill in the union leadership a heightened sense of purpose and willingness to take ownership of a process that will increase effective outcomes of meaningful, good faith bargaining; develop skills and experience leading to improved union administration; enhance realistic expectations and improve process knowledge to facilitate future labor negotiations and grievance proceedings; and provide participants with enhanced skills and knowledge to develop and/or strengthen a functioning, democratic work culture and structure internal to the union.

Coles, J.E.

1998-10-30

72

Cancelled Requests: A Study of Interlibrary Lending  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interlibrary lending is often overlooked when resource-sharing operations are evaluated. The relevant literature shows a lack of current lending studies. It can be difficult to convince administrators that lending should be considered to be as important as borrowing in spite of the fact that one cannot operate without the other. 26,800 cancelled

Gibson, Tess

2008-01-01

73

Zombie Lending and Depressed Restructuring in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the role that misdirected bank lending played in prolonging the Japanese macroeconomic stagnation that began in the early 1990s. The investigation focuses on the wide - spread practice of Japanese banks of continuing to lend to otherwise insolvent firms. We docu - ment the prevalence of this forbearance lending and show its distorting effects on healthy firms

Ricardo J. Caballero; Takeo Hoshi; Anil K Kashyap

2004-01-01

74

12 CFR 560.93 - Lending limitations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...commercial purposes, Association A cannot lend Y an additional $1,600,000...Limitation. Association A, therefore, may lend only an additional $800,000 to Y...unimpaired surplus). If Association A did not lend Y the remaining $100,000...

2009-01-01

75

Deeper Integration in East Asia: Regional Institutions and the International Economic System  

Microsoft Academic Search

SEA change in East Asian perceptions of the international economic system is causing a determined thrust toward deeper East Asian integration through regional financial and trade institutions. The financial crisis of 1997-98 contributed to this change by revealing weaknesses in the international financial architecture at the same time that it bared weaknesses in domestic policies and institutions in East Asia.

Wendy Dobson

2001-01-01

76

The Effect of Credit Market Competition on Lending Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a simple framework showing that the extent of competition in credit markets is important in determining the value of lending relationships. Creditors are more likely to finance credit-constrained firms when credit markets are concentrated because it is easier for these creditors to internalize the benefits of assisting the firms. The paper offers evidence from small business data

Mitchell A Petersen; Raghuram G Rajan

1995-01-01

77

Institutional Mergers in Higher Education: Lessons from International Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains that while higher education mergers frequently are disruptive, strongly contested, and costly, they have the potential to produce substantial longer-term benefits, particularly larger and more comprehensive institutions, stronger academic programs, improved student services, enhanced student choice, greater institutional flexibility and,

Harman, Grant; Harman, Kay

2003-01-01

78

"Yugoslavia" Branch of the International Astronomical Institute "Isaac Newton"  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Isaac Newton Institute of Chile in Eastern Europe and Eurasia and its president and founder Gonzalo Alcaino Barros have been presented as well as the foundation and activities of its "Yugoslavia" branch.

Dimitrijevi?, Milan S.; Popovi?, Luka ?.; Simi?, Zoran; Jovanovi?, Predrag; Milovanovi?, Nenad; Bon, Edi

2005-10-01

79

12 CFR Appendix A to Subpart A of... - Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending Policies  

...closing and disbursement. Payment processing. Escrow administration. Collateral...deeds in lieu of foreclosure. Claims processing (e.g., seeking recovery on a...institution's real estate lending policy may signal a weakening of its underwriting...

2014-01-01

80

12 CFR Appendix C to Part 208 - Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending Policies  

...closing and disbursement. Payment processing. Escrow administration. Collateral...deeds in lieu of foreclosure. Claims processing (e.g., seeking recovery on a...institution's real estate lending policy may signal a weakening of its underwriting...

2014-01-01

81

12 CFR Appendix A to Subpart D of... - Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending  

...closing and disbursement. Payment processing. Escrow administration. Collateral...deeds in lieu of foreclosure. Claims processing (e.g., seeking recovery on a...institution's real estate lending policy may signal a weakening of its underwriting...

2014-01-01

82

The Role of Canadian Colleges and Technical Institutions in International Education: A 40-Year Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examining Canadian involvement in postsecondary technical or vocational international education since the 1960s surveyed international education practitioners at 61 postsecondary institutions. Respondents felt that international education promoted economic growth in Canada and abroad and had positive effects on recipient nations. The shift

Hurabielle, Jacques P. E.; Grace, Michael G. A.; Andrews, Michael

2002-01-01

83

The Origins of Information Science and the International Institute of Bibliography/International Federation for Information and Documentation (FID).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the historical background of information science and documentation focuses on Paul Otlet and the creation of the International Institute of Bibliography which later became the FID (International Federation for Information and Documentation). Topics include systems and organizational arrangements, the monographic principle,

Rayward, W. Boyd

1997-01-01

84

Exploring the utility of institutional theory in analysing international health agency stasis and change.  

PubMed

Of recent interest is the capacity of international health agencies to adapt to changes in the global health environment and country needs. Yet, little is known about the potential benefits of using social science institutional theory, such as path dependency and institutional change theory, to explain why some international agencies, such as the WHO and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, fail to adapt, whereas others, such as the World Bank and UNAIDS, have. This article suggests that these institutional theories can help to better understand these differences in international agency adaptive capacity, while highlighting new areas of policy research and analysis. PMID:23161586

Gmez, Eduardo J

2013-10-01

85

Roles of Women's Higher Education Institutions in International Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Women's colleges and universities persist around the world, even as the vast majority of tertiary institutions are open to men and women. In nearly every nation, women can attend even the most elite formerly all-male universities, and in several nations women are the majority of all college students. Questions therefore arise about the continued

Renn, Kristen A.

2012-01-01

86

Activities Report of the International Institute for Aerospace Survey and Earth Sciences.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1989 the position of ITC (International Institute for Aerospace Survey and Earth Sciences) amongst the higher education in the Netherlands was consolidated, its financial status and subsidies were formalized, and research was formally recognized as one...

1990-01-01

87

Establishment and support of the International Power Institute. Quarterly technical progress report, October--December, 1997.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the quarterly report of the International Power Institute for October--December 1997. The topics of the report include pre-cooperative agreement activities, a discussion of the deputy director position, the IPI brochure, exploration of collaborati...

J. E. Coles

1998-01-01

88

Higher Education Institutions: Satisfaction and Loyalty among International Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study empirically investigates the relationship between satisfaction with educational service augmenters and consumer loyalty within the context of the international student market. An enhanced state of consumer satisfaction, also labeled as delight, is captured by focusing on service augmenters that fall outside the domain of the core

Paswan, Audhesh K.; Ganesh, Gopala

2009-01-01

89

Institutional Characteristics and Preconditions for International Business Education--An Empirical Investigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of institutional characteristics of 258 university and 190 college business schools yielded 7 factors related to likelihood of a curricular emphasis on international business: older institutions, higher tuition, lower student/faculty ratios, smaller class sizes, greater proximity to a foreign country, urban setting, and study-abroad

Trevino, Len J.; Melton, Michael

2002-01-01

90

Legal Aspects of Public Lending Right.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses national differences, natural justice, and protection of tangible expressions in the copyright law and tactical and practical considerations regarding the legal aspects of author compensation for library lending. Special problems for public lending rights legislation (PLR) in the U.S. are cited. Eighteen references are provided. (CHC)

Hyatt, Dennis

1981-01-01

91

Discount Window Lending and Deposit Insurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

A banking model is constructed where roles for government-provided deposit insurance and discount window lending arise when there are restrictions on branch banking. Banks arise endogenously as an efficient arrangement for sharing risk. Discount window lending permits better risk-sharing by making bank assets more liquid, but is limited because of a moral hazard problem which arises from adverse selection in

Stephen D. Williamson

1998-01-01

92

Discount Window Lending and Deposit Insurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

A banking model is constructed where roles for government- provided deposit insurance and discount window lending arise when there are restrictions on branch banking. Banks arise endogenously as an efficient arrangement for sharing risk. Discount window lending permits better risk sharing by making bank assets more liquid, but is limited because of a moral hazard problem which arises from adverse

Stephen D. Williamson

1995-01-01

93

17 CFR 240.13k-1 - Foreign bank exemption from the insider lending prohibition under section 13(k).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Foreign bank exemption from the insider lending prohibition...Regulation 13d-G § 240.13k-1 Foreign bank exemption from the insider lending prohibition...purpose of this section: (1) Foreign bank means an institution: (i) The...

2013-04-01

94

International financial institutions and health in Egypt and Tunisia: change or continuity?  

PubMed

The revolutions in Egypt and Tunisia appeared to herald a re-casting of International Monetary Fund and World Bank policy across the region. Public pronouncements by the heads of both institutions in the months following February 2011 acknowledged flaws in their approach to macroeconomic advice, against a background of worsening socioeconomic indicators, widespread youth unemployment, and widening health inequalities. Evidence on the ground, however, suggests continuity rather than change in international financial institution policies in Egypt and Tunisia, notwithstanding the emergence of a powerful new player-the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. In the long term, new electoral realities and hardening public opposition in both countries seem likely to force a fundamentally different relationship between regional governments and the major international financial institutions than existed before 2011. PMID:23527454

Ismail, Sharif

2013-01-01

95

Is Mortgage Lending by Savings Associations Special.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this paper, we investigate whether elimination of the savings association charter might reduce lending to nontraditional mortgage borrowers. We present a theoretical model of lender portfolio choice, in which nontraditional lenders have some market pow...

E. Laderman W. Passmore

1998-01-01

96

Collateral, relationship lending and family firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior research suggested that relationship lending could play a role in solving asymmetric information problems between borrower\\u000a and lender. Other studies suggest a relationship between family ownership and the shareholderbondholder agency conflict.\\u000a The present paper investigates the impact of relationship characteristics, family ownership and their interaction effects\\u000a upon the use of collateral in SME lending. We examine the determinants of

Tensie Steijvers; Wim Voordeckers; Koen Vanhoof

2010-01-01

97

Institutionalisation of Internal Quality Assurance: Focusing on Institutional Work and the Significance of Disciplinary Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study suggests that institutionalisation of a comprehensive and systematic approach to internal quality assurance of higher education institutions inspired by the Bologna Process has regulative, normative and cultural-cognitive dimensions. It includes development of structures and procedures for quality assurance, as well as boosting of the

Vukasovic, Martina

2014-01-01

98

Improved Oversight Needed for State Department Grant to the International Republican Institute.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report addresses the Department of State's (DoS) management of a $50 million grant to the International Republican Institute (IRI) for democracy-building activities in Iraq. This is the largest grant awarded to IRI by Grants Officers from the Bureau ...

B. Bedwell D. Chen D. R. Warren J. Hlinka W. Miller

2010-01-01

99

International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa Newsletter. Volume 7, Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of the International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa (IICBA) Newsletter, published bi-annually in English and French, sheds light on the needs of teachers and teacher training in emergency situations with practical approaches and strategies provided on capacity building in the area of teacher education. Furthermore, it

UNESCO International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa, 2005

2005-01-01

100

Institute in International Affairs (Colorado Springs, June 16-July 25, 1969). Director's Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 6-week summer institute on "Comparative Systems in a World Setting" succeeded (1) in helping 41 high school social studies teachers from 21 states to gain a deeper understanding of contemporary international relations, of the problems and potentialities which reside in the coexistence of over 130 different nations with varying histories,

Sondermann, Fred A.

101

The International Performance of the South African Academic Institutions: A Citation Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the results of an investigation to identify the disciplinary strengths and the international standing of the higher education institutions in South Africa. Even though comparative assessments provide valuable information for research administrations, researchers and students such information is not available in South Africa

Pouris, Anastassios

2007-01-01

102

International Differences in the Cost of Equity Capital: Do Legal Institutions and Securities Regulation Matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines international differences in firms' cost of equity capital across 40 countries. We analyze whether the effectiveness of a country's legal institutions and securities regulation is systematically related to cross-country differences in the cost of equity capital. We employ several models to estimate firms' implied or ex ante cost of capital. Our results support the conclusion that firms

LUZI HAIL; CHRISTIAN LEUZ

2006-01-01

103

Small Can Be Beautiful: Automation Efforts at the Nigerian Institute of International Affairs Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Nigerian Institute of International Affairs Library began a small automation project when complete library automation was not possible. Despite limitations, the library has successfully integrated technology into its daily operations, including computer literacy programs for the staff, maintaining offline circulation records, and producing

Adeniran, O. R.

1992-01-01

104

International Activity or Internationalisation Strategy? Insights from an Institutional Pilot Study in the UK  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Set in a context of increasing competition and changing dimensions of internationalisation, the paper offers an analysis of one institution's approach to changing its strategy and practice in the light of both the external context and the internal drivers to internationalise. The research methodology was based on OECD/IMHE's Internationalisation

Middlehurst, Robin; Woodfield, Steve

2007-01-01

105

Sweden's International Training Programme in Education for Sustainable Development Enables Students to Change Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Swedish International Training Programme in Education for Sustainable Development, which has been run annually for the past 10 years, is a five-phase program that supports participants to develop and implement a change project in their work places. It requires a team of students from an institution and provides extensive follow up. The course

Taylor, Jim; Neeser, Marie

2012-01-01

106

Constructing an Institutional Identity in University Tea Rooms: The International PhD Student Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study profiles eight international PhD students and describes the process of the construction and negotiation of their social and institutional identities in an Australian university. Audio-recorded informal conversations of the students highlight the role of social membership, staffroom interactions and language in the construction of

Fotovatian, Sepideh; Miller, Jenny

2014-01-01

107

International Summer Institute in Quantum Chemistry, Solid State Physics and Quantum Biology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The International Summer Institute in Quantum Chemistry, Solid State Physics and Quantum Biology was held in two parts: from 1-12 Aug 1967 at the Univ. of Uppsala, Sweden, and from 14 Aug - 2 Sep 1967 at Sjusjoen, Norway. This report describes only the se...

M. Weissbluth

1967-01-01

108

International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa Newsletter. Volume 6, Number 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of the International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa (IICBA) Newsletter, published quarterly in English and French, focuses on the impact of decentralization of education management on education outcomes in Africa. It contains the following articles: (1) Decentralisation and School Improvement: A Comment on Research in West

UNESCO International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa, 2004

2004-01-01

109

The use of performance standards by AAALAC International to evaluate ethical review in European institutions.  

PubMed

During the past several decades, society has become increasingly concerned about the welfare of animals used in research. Today, the public asks scientists to justify the use of research animals and to be accountable for their welfare. Research institutions, government bodies and other regulatory authorities have developed mechanisms to ensure that researchers follow the principles of the 3Rs and use and care for research animals in an ethical manner. Additionally, organizations such as the Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International (AAALAC International) have developed voluntary programs that can help researchers to ensure that they are caring for research animals appropriately. The author discusses how AAALAC International uses performance standards to evaluate the ethical review processes of European institutions. PMID:20090695

Guillen, Javier

2010-02-01

110

Institutional Contexts and International Performances in Schooling: Comparing Patterns and Trends over Time in International Surveys  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

15 European countries were classified into four types in an international comparative study. The country profiles are based on indicators of the key concepts' funding, governance and choice. This research attempts to answer the question of how the quality of schooling of these types of education systems progressed as from 1995 and what

Hofman, W. H. Adriaan; Hofman, Roelande H.; Gray, John M.

2010-01-01

111

An Attempt of International Liberal Arts Education for Nurturing Global Engineers at Tokyo Institute of Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Engineering students are increasingly expected to perform as global engineers to lead the society as opinion leaders in finding proper directions for science and engineering developments. The Tokyo Institute of Technology is offering the knowledge, thinking ability, and skills as the basis for its students to play active roles as international leaders reaching across the boundaries of professional areas. This new trial, including overseas internship programmes, is unique as it tries to provide international liberal arts education that is capable of answering the needs of engineering students.

Nohara, Kayoko; Kawamoto, Shishin; Kusakabe, Osamu

112

Global Health: The Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health: Vision and Mission, Programs, and Accomplishments  

PubMed Central

Summary The Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the U.S. National Institutes of Health has supported long-term (>6 months) basic, clinical and applied research training and research for over 3,600 future leaders in science and public health from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs); tens of thousands more persons have received short-term training. FIC started these programs in 1988 with the flagship HIV/AIDS International Training and Research Program (AITRP) in response to the global pandemic. More than 23 extramural training and research programs plus an intramural program are now operating all in collaboration with other Institutes and Centers at NIH, U.S. government agencies, foundations, and partner institutions in LMICs and the U.S. While infectious diseases still reign mightily in Sub-Saharan African and South East Asian countries, non-communicable diseases are emerging globally, including in LMICs. Newer FIC training programs are addressing chronic, non-communicable diseases and strengthening the quality of medical schools and health care provider training, in addition to expanding expertise in infectious diseases. The model for successful training is based on long-term commitments, institutional strengthening, twinning of research centers, focus on local problems, and active mentoring. Trainees from Africa, Asia, and Latin America have made notable scientific contributions to global health, attained leadership positions, and received special recognition nationally and internationally. As the FIC programs are institutional-strengthening partnerships and candidates are carefully selected and mentored, close to 90% of FIC trainees return to their countries of origin. After returning home the FIC-trained leaders have continued to mentor and train thousands of individuals in their home countries.

Breman, Joel G.; Bridbord, Kenneth; Kupfer, Linda E.; Glass, Roger I.

2011-01-01

113

[Establishment and support of the International Power Institute]. Quarterly technical progress report, October--December, 1997  

SciTech Connect

This is the quarterly report of the International Power Institute for October--December 1997. The topics of the report include pre-cooperative agreement activities, a discussion of the deputy director position, the IPI brochure, exploration of collaborative arrangements, formation of the IPI advisory board, a review of the advisory board meeting, report of a meeting with African electric utility executives, report of a visit to South Africa to explore a collaborative relationship.

Coles, J.E.

1998-04-02

114

A general TCE model of international business institutions: Market failure and reciprocity  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study I propose a general transaction-cost economics (TCE) model of international business institutions, in which cross-border transactions can be conducted at multiple market levels (e.g., output, asset, and equity), and the buyerseller relationship can go both ways (A sells to B, and B sells to A). This general model addresses two major gaps in the literature. First, although

Shih-Fen S Chen

115

A general TCE model of international business institutions: Market failure and reciprocity  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study I propose a general transaction-cost economics (TCE) model of international business institutions, in which cross-border transactions can be conducted at multiple market levels (e.g., output, asset, and equity), and the buyerseller relationship can go both ways (A sells to B, and B sells to A). This general model addresses two major gaps in the literature. First, although

Shih-Fen S Chen

2010-01-01

116

A Literacy Lending Library. Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project established a lending library of literacy materials for Tri-County Opportunities Industrialization Center, Inc. (OIC) students who attended classes at over 20 satellite locations in Dauphin and Perry Counties, Pennsylvania. A student survey determined the types of materials of most interest. Results were compiled into categories such as:

Tri-County Opportunities Industrialization Center, Inc., Harrisburg, PA.

117

What Truth in Lending Means to You.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for the general public and possibly suitable also for high school economics students, this pamphlet discusses the provisions of the Truth in Lending Law. The act requires that creditors state credit charges in a uniform way. The pamphlet provides a brief description of finance charges and annual percentage rates. It also focuses on

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Washington, DC.

118

75 FR 7657 - Truth in Lending  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The Board is amending Regulation Z, which implements the Truth in Lending Act, and the staff commentary to the regulation in order to implement provisions of the Credit Card Accountability Responsibility and Disclosure Act of 2009 that are effective on February 22, 2010. The rule establishes a number of new substantive and disclosure requirements to establish fair and transparent practices......

2010-02-22

119

Correlation of LEND and Diviner Data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Correlated results from the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter's (LRO) Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector (LEND) and Lunar Orbiting Laser Altimeter (LOLA) suggest insolation effects influence the spatial distribution of Lunar H poleward of 60deg latitude. Diviner results indicate an insolation induced thermal contrast between pole-facing and equator-facing slopes of crater walls. Our research shows that the contrasting thermal conditions observed in pole-facing vs equator-facing slopes and epithermal neutron rates from LEND are positively correlated. Numerical transformations of LOLA topography facilitated a systematic decomposition of LEND epithermal maps as a function of insolation effects. The results suggest a significantly positive local epithermal contrast in these regions. Comparing pole-facing and equator-facing slopes, we find that the pole-facing slopes show epithermal neutron suppression ranging from -0.005 to 0.02 cps relative to the equator-facing slopes .. We further investigate insolation effects on epithermal neutrons by comparing the predicted insolation contrast derived from the 3-D LOLA topography model with the LEND results. We also investigate and discuss the possibility of slope mass wasting effects being correlated with our insolation-effect hypothesis

McClanahan, Tim; Boynton, William; Mitrofanov, Igor; Sagdeev, Raold; Bennet, Kristen; Starr, Richard; Evans, Larry; Paige, Dave; Sanin, Anton; Litvak, Max; Harshman, Karl; droege, Gerard

2011-01-01

120

Research and collaboration overview of Institut Pasteur International Network: a bibliometric approach toward research funding decisions.  

PubMed

Background: Institut Pasteur International Network (IPIN), which includes 32 research institutes around the world, is a network of research and expertise to fight against infectious diseases. A scientometric approach was applied to describe research and collaboration activities of IPIN. Methods: Publications were identified using a manual search of IPIN member addresses in Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE) between 2006 and 2011. Total publications were then subcategorized by geographic regions. Several scientometric indicators and the H-index were employed to estimate the scientific production of each IPIN member. Subject and geographical overlay maps were also applied to visualize the network activities of the IPIN members. Results: A total number of 12667 publications originated from IPIN members. Each author produced an average number of 2.18 papers and each publication received an average of 13.40 citations. European Pasteur Institutes had the largest amount of publications, authored papers, and H-index values. Biochemistry and molecular biology, microbiology, immunology and infectious diseases were the most important research topics, respectively. Geographic mapping of IPIN publications showed wide international collaboration among IPIN members around the world. Conclusion: IPIN has strong ties with national and international authorities and organizations to investigate the current and future health issues. It is recommended to use scientometric and collaboration indicators as measures of research performance in IPIN future policies and investment decisions. PMID:24596896

Mostafavi, Ehsan; Bazrafshan, Azam

2014-01-01

121

Bank Size and Small and Medium-sized Enterprise (SME) Lending: Evidence from China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary. Using panel data collected in 2005, we evaluate how bank size, discretion over credit, incentive schemes, competition, and the institutional environment affect lending to small- and medium-sized enterprises in China. We deal with the endogeneity problem using instrumental variables, and a reduced-form approach is also applied to allow for weak instruments in estimation. We find that total bank

Ying Bai; Minggao Shen; Zhong Xu

2009-01-01

122

The ability of banks to lend to informationally opaque small businesses  

Microsoft Academic Search

We test hypotheses about the effects of bank size, foreign ownership, and distress on lending to informationally opaque small firms using a rich new data set on Argentinean banks, firms, and loans. We also test hypotheses about borrowing from a single bank versus multiple banks. Our results suggest that large and foreign-owned institutions may have difficulty extending relationship loans to

Allen N. Berger; Leora F. Klapper; Gregory F. Udell

2001-01-01

123

Distance, Bank Organizational Structure, and Lending Decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a We survey the extant literature on the effects of both a bank's organizational structure and the physical distance separating\\u000a it from the borrower on lending decisions. The available evidence suggests that banks engage in spatial pricing, which can\\u000a be rationalized by the existence of transportation costs and information asymmetries. Moreover, their ability to price-discriminate\\u000a seems to be bounded by the

Geraldo Cerqueiro; Hans Degryse; Steven Ongena

124

Bank Lending Channel during the Quantitative Monetary Easing Policy Period  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates an existence of the bank lending channel during the quantitative monetary easing policy (QMEP) period, using panel data of Japanese banks' balance sheets. We find that growth rates of lending of smaller banks and healthier banks responded well to the QMEP. We also find that the growth rate of lending of an average bank responded to the

Hitoshi Inoue

2009-01-01

125

The Impact of Comparative Education Research on Institutional Theory. International Perspectives on Education and Society. Volume 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume of International Perspectives on Education and Society explores how educational research from a comparative perspective has been instrumental in broadening and testing hypotheses from institutional theory. Institutional theory has also played an increasingly influential role in developing an understanding of education in society. This

Baker, David, Ed.; Wiseman, Alex, Ed.

2006-01-01

126

The Establishment of Marine Protected Areas in Senegal: Untangling the Interactions Between International Institutions and National Actors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

International institutions, understood as sets of rules contained in international agreements, are aimed at orienting national governments towards specific policy options. Nevertheless, they can determine a change in national policies and practices only if states are willing and capable of incorporating international obligations into their national legislations and ensuring their application and enforcement in areas that follow completely under national jurisdiction. The establishment of marine protected areas promoted by international agreements as a tool for the protection of marine resources represents an interesting case for revealing the complex interactions between international institutions and national actors. Particularly, the establishment of these areas in Senegal shows the salience of domestic constellations of actors who may support or undercut national commitments to international regimes: political elites, bureaucracies, the general public and target groups. By anchoring the empirical analysis to an actor-centred institutionalist perspective, the article explains how dynamic constellations of actors can distort the penetration of international objectives in the national policy framework. Different constellations of national actors can indeed bend international institutions at different moments: during the formulation of a new law in line with international obligations; in the definition of its implementation framework; and in the enforcement of national policies.

Ferraro, Gianluca; Brans, Marleen; Dme, Moustapha; Failler, Pierre

2011-04-01

127

Application of the International Life Sciences Institute Key Events Dose-Response Framework to food contaminants.  

PubMed

Contaminants are undesirable constituents in food. They may be formed during production of a processed food, present as a component in a source material, deliberately added to substitute for the proper substance, or the consequence of poor food-handling practices. Contaminants may be chemicals or pathogens. Chemicals generally degrade over time and become of less concern as a health threat. Pathogens have the ability to multiply, potentially resulting in an increased threat level. Formal structures have been lacking for systematically generating and evaluating hazard and exposure data for bioactive agents when problem situations arise. We need to know what the potential risk may be to determine whether intervention to reduce or eliminate contact with the contaminant is warranted. We need tools to aid us in assembling and assessing all available relevant information in an expeditious and scientifically sound manner. One such tool is the International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI) Key Events Dose-Response Framework (KEDRF). Developed as an extension of the WHO's International Program on Chemical Safety/ILSI mode of action/human relevance framework, it allows risk assessors to understand not only how a contaminant exerts its toxicity but also the dose response(s) for each key event and the ultimate outcome, including whether a threshold exists. This presentation will illustrate use of the KEDRF with case studies included in its development (chloroform and Listeriaonocytogenes) after its publication in the peer-reviewed scientific literature (chromium VI) and in a work in progress (3-monochloro-1, 2-propanediol). PMID:23077190

Fenner-Crisp, Penelope A

2012-12-01

128

Social responsibility, international development, and institutional commitment: lessons from the Boston University experience.  

PubMed

Boston University (BU) has a long history of a strong social mission and commitment to service. In August 2003, BU made an institutional commitment to work with the country of Lesotho to tackle the human capital implications of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Surrounded by South Africa, and with a population of two million, Lesotho, a stable democracy, suffers the world's third-highest adult HIV prevalence rate of about 24%. The initiation of the program required a substantial initial institutional investment without any promise of payback. This allowed BU to begin work in Lesotho while searching for additional funds. The government of Lesotho and BU agreed to focus on preserving the lives of Lesotho's citizens, building the capacity of the country's workforce, and maximizing the efficiency of Lesotho's existing systems and resources. Initial activities were modest, beginning with workshops on problem solving, then the launch of a primary care clinic that offered HIV/AIDS treatment services at the nation's only teacher training college. With support from the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, the main focus is now on strengthening district-level primary care services, including the initiation of a family medicine residency training program in cooperation with the University of the Free State in Bloemfontein. The initial commitment has developed into a mutual partnership, with benefits to country and university alike. By combining the expertise from various schools and departments to focus on a single country, a university can significantly advance international development, strengthen its service mission, enrich teaching, and provide new opportunities for research. PMID:18303358

Babich, Lauren P; Bicknell, William J; Culpepper, Larry; Jack, Brian W

2008-02-01

129

International Centre for Geohazards (ICG) Established at the Norwegian Geotechnical Institute in Oslo, Norway.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As one of 13 new `Centres of Excellence' awarded by the Norwegian Research Council with a 10-year funding schedule, the International Centre for Geohazards (ICG) was established at the Norwegian Geotechnical Institute (NGI), in January 2003. The Centre is formed through a co-operation between several institutions, which in addition to NGI are the Gelogical Survey of Norway (NGU), Norwegian Seismic Array (NORSAR), University of Oslo (UiO) and the Norwegian University for Science and Technology (NTNU). The Centre is located in the NGI building in Oslo, Norway. Funding is for 10 years, and the centre is staffed by researchers from the partner institutions, visiting scientists, post-doctoral fellows and Ph.D. students. With the ultimate goal of geohazard mitigation and preventing the loss of lives and damage to infrastructure and environment, key research topics of the Centre are: Unsaturated soils and mechanisms for precipitation-induced slides in steep slopes; Risk and vulnerability analysis for geohazards; Earthquake hazard, vulnerability and risk evaluation; Rock slope failures - models and risks; Landslides in soft clay slopes (quick clay), fjord margins and coastal zones; GIS applications to geohazards; SAR applications to geohazards; Slide dynamics and mechanics of disintegration; Tsunami modelling and prediction; and Offshore Geohazards. As prospecting for hydrocarbons move into increasingly deeper waters of the world's continental margins, research on offshore geohazard forms an important activity of the new centre. Main offshore geohazards include slope instability, effects of shallow gas and gas hydrates on the behaviour of seafloor sediments, mud volcanism and diapirism. Of these, slope instability is considered to be the major hazard, because of the potentially serious third party impact. The current offshore geohazards project within ICG consists of three main themes: Assessment of offshore geohazards (site surveys); Geophysical methods for offshore geohazard studies, including improved modelling; and Pore pressures in offshore sediments: prediction and measurements. Education is a highly prioritised task of the Centre, and new courses are being offered at NTNU and UiO. These courses aim at giving graduate level education in geohazards, with thesis work carried out on ICG projects.

Solheim, A.; Nadim, F.

2003-12-01

130

Travel to participate in the 45th annual International Institute of Welding (IIW) assembly and conference in Madrid, Spain. Foreign trip report, August 27--September 13, 1992.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Purpose of trip was to participate in 45th Annual International Institute of Welding Assembly and Conference held in Madrid, and to visit the Instituto Superior Tecnico, National Engineering Laboratory, and the Portuguese Welding Institute, Lisbon to disc...

S. A. David

1992-01-01

131

Legislative Impact on Lending: Credit Risk Management in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Chinese government established the Act on Commercial Banks 1995 to enforce and regulate commercial banking activities. The government envisaged that the Act, together with other bank reforms, would improve credit risk management practice among commercial banks, hence, prompting the banks to reduce and ultimately stop local government directed policy lending to state-owned enterprises (SOEs). This paper examines the lending

Zhaohua Li

2011-01-01

132

The Education Lending Policy of the European Investment Bank  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to present the latest Education Lending Policy (ELP) of the European Investment Bank (EIB), adopted by the Board of Governors in 2008. It is structured in two parts. The first briefly presents the EIB in general and the evolution of its education lending portfolio in particular. This sets the stage for the second

Tuijnman, Albert

2009-01-01

133

Educational Technology's Major Success Story: A Review of Similarities, Differences, and Lessons Learned in Selected International Distance Learning Institutions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report from the 1987 annual meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology contains biographical data on the panelists in a session on selected international distance learning institutions and brief summaries of the following presentations: (1) "The Central Agricultural Broadcasting School of China" (Clement Chow);

Chow, Clement; And Others

134

Academic and Social Integration and Persistence of International Students at U.S. Two-Year Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a growing number of international students discover two-year institutions as the possible gateway to U.S. higher education, it is important to have a better understanding of who these students are, what attracts them to two-year colleges, and how they engage with the campus community. To address these questions, the study used the data from the

Mamiseishvili, Ketevan

2012-01-01

135

International Joint Project of Engineering Design Education among Three Institutions in Japan, U.S. and Singapore  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An international joint program of Engineering Design has started in 2004 between Kanazawa Institute of Technology, Singapore Polytechnic in Singapore, and Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology in the United States. Students from the three institutions worked on the same engineering design project, the main theme of which was, Bus Transportation/Urban Transportation System in the 21st Century. Student teams chose their own project themes from specific design areas, which were related to the main theme. Their achievements were unique in their solutions due to the differences in society and culture in Japan, the United States and Singapore, although all the design teams followed the same engineering design procedures. In this paper, the international joint project is discussed in details.

Matsuishi, Masakatsu; Takemata, Kazuya; Furukawa, Tetsuro; Sanders, Wayne; Loo, Chin Non

136

8 CFR 316.20 - American institutions of research, public international organizations, and designations under the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...O. 9698, Feb. 19, 1946). International Maritime Satellite Organization (E.O. 12238, Sept. 12, 1980). International...9863, May 31, 1947). International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (INTELSAT) (E.O. 11718, May 14,...

2014-01-01

137

Does Social Lending incorporate Social Technologies? The use of Web 2.0 Technologies in online P2P lending  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microcredit interest costs remain higher than those of commercial banks in spite of significant donor funds, largely owing to transaction costs relative to small loan sizes. With the rise of Web 2.0 and online social interactivity, can these transaction costs be reduced through peer to peer lending? Peer to Peer lending and Web 2.0 have two things in common. The

Arvind Ashta; Djamchid Assadi

2009-01-01

138

Attracting the World: Institutional Initiatives' Effects on International Students' Decision to Enroll  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community colleges have increased their efforts to attract international students, but little is known how these active efforts influence international students' decisions to attend a community college. This longitudinal study focuses on international students at one community college that embarked on an active international student

Bohman, Eric

2014-01-01

139

Nurturing the global workforce in clinical research: the National Institutes of Health Fogarty International Clinical Scholars and Fellows Program.  

PubMed

The Fogarty International Clinical Research Scholars and Fellows Program's goal is to foster the next generation of clinical investigators and to help build international health research partnerships between American and international investigators and institutions. Through June 2012, 61 sites in 27 countries have hosted 436 Scholars (American students or junior trainees from the host countries) and/or 122 Fellows (American and host country postdoctoral fellows) for year-long experiences in global health research. Initially, the program was oriented toward infectious diseases, but recently emphasis on chronic disease research has increased. At least 521 manuscripts have been published, many in high-impact journals. Projects have included clinical trials, observational studies, translational research, clinical-laboratory interface initiatives, and behavioral research. Strengths of the program include training opportunities for American and developing country scientists in well-established international clinical research settings, and mentorship from experienced global health experts. PMID:22144429

Heimburger, Douglas C; Carothers, Catherine Lem; Gardner, Pierce; Primack, Aron; Warner, Tokesha L; Vermund, Sten H

2011-12-01

140

12 CFR Appendix A to Part 365 - Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending Policies  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending Policies A Appendix...AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY REAL ESTATE LENDING STANDARDS Pt. 365...365Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending Policies The...

2009-01-01

141

12 CFR Appendix A to Part 365 - Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending Policies  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending Policies A Appendix...AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY REAL ESTATE LENDING STANDARDS Pt. 365...365Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending Policies The...

2010-01-01

142

Looking at Multiculturalism in International Logistics: An Experiment in a Higher Education Institution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a seminar on multiculturalism in an international logistics class at a Brazilian university and its effects on students' perceptions about the importance of multiculturalism in managing business interests. Suggests ways to develop an intercultural approach toward international logistics. (EV)

Canen, Alberto G.; Canen, Ana

2001-01-01

143

A systematic review of the international published literature relating to quality of institutional care for people with longer term mental health problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: A proportion of people with mental health problems require longer term care in a psychiatric or social care institution. However, there are no internationally agreed quality standards for institutional care and no method to assess common care standards across countries. We aimed to identify the key components of institutional care for people with longer term mental health problems and

Tatiana L Taylor; Helen Killaspy; Christine Wright; Penny Turton; Sarah White; Thomas W Kallert; Mirjam Schuster; Jorge A Cervilla; Paulette Brangier; Jiri Raboch; Lucie Kaliov; Georgi Onchev; Hristo Dimitrov; Roberto Mezzina; Kinou Wolf; Durk Wiersma; Ellen Visser; Andrzej Kiejna; Patryk Piotrowski; Dimitri Ploumpidis; Fragiskos Gonidakis; Jos Caldas-de-Almeida; Graa Cardoso; Michael B King

2009-01-01

144

Multilevel impacts on perceived career opportunity from global integration: human capital development within internal institutional environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using human capital and institutional theories, we analyze the impacts of individual- and office-level factors on the career perceptions of employees in a globally integrated firm. More specifically, we examine factors related to both employee human capital and their institutional operating environments that might influence whether employees perceive that their careers would benefit from greater global integration of their company.

William Newburry; Pooja Thakur

2010-01-01

145

Institutions and the Growth of Knowledge: Evidence from International Environmental Regimes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article argues that institutions not only reflect ideas prevalent at the time of their creation, but also play vital roles in driving the growth and dissemination of knowledge. Because institutions are not actors in their own right, however, it is essential to identify the mechanisms through which they influence the behavior of those who are producers and consumers of

Oran R. Young

2004-01-01

146

Payment to Creators for Library Loans (Public Lending Right).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

These recommendations and report on Public Lending Right (PLR) drafted by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe were designed to encourage the recognition of the principle of PLR and the setting up of compatible PLR schemes throughout Europe...

M. Faulds

1977-01-01

147

World Bank Lending to Small Enterprises: A Review.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In February 1978 the World Bank published a sector policy paper, *Employment and Development of Small Enterprises', laying out the case for increased lending to small enterprises in the developing countries. This paper analyzes the results of 10 completed...

J. Levitsky

1986-01-01

148

Effects of Interstate Banking on Small Business Lending.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study investigates how bank acquisitions influence the willingness of a banking organization to lend to small businesses. The concern that bank consolidation may reduce credit availability to small businesses is related to several factors. First, duri...

J. Peek

1997-01-01

149

Achievements and Limitations of International Environmental Regimes and Institutions in Positive Dispute Prevention: UNEPs Role  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The role of international institutions in environment and security issues in general and positive dispute prevention in particular\\u000a is especially relevant in the field of environmental regulation and, development and implementation of multilateral environmental\\u000a agreements. In this respect, monitoring compliance and the need for capacity building as a major part of a strategy to combat\\u000a environmental threats to security are

Sabine J. H. Hoefnagel; Aiko U. D. Bode

150

Social Security and Institutions for Intergenerational, Intragenerational, and International Risk Sharing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social security system old age insurance systems are devices for the sharing of income risks of elderly people with others. Risks can be shared intergenerationally (with the young of the same country), intragenerationally (with other elderly of the same country), or internationally (with foreigners). Barriers to individuals themselves sharing their risks intergenerationally, intragenerationally, or internationally are described. Optimal design of

Robert J. Shiller

1998-01-01

151

National Institute on Drug Abuse Research Monograph Series. The International Challenge of Drug Abuse.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The International Challenge of Drug Abuse is a monograph based on papers presented at the World Psychiatric Association 1977 meeting in Honolulu. It focuses on the international problem of drug abuse including: changing patterns of use in key areas of the...

1978-01-01

152

International Student Satisfaction with Student Services at the Rochester Institute of Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While there is a significant body of literature concerned with the experience of international student acclimatization to life and study on campuses all over the United States, very little of this research examines their self-reported satisfaction with student services. This study examines what services are important to international students and

Thiuri, Phillippa

2011-01-01

153

Assessment of Professional Training Programmes in International Agricultural Research Institutions: The Case of ICRAF  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following survey was undertaken in 2005 to assess the effectiveness of professional training activities in international agricultural research organizations that were undertaken between 1999 and 2002 at ICRAF (International Centre for Research in Agroforestry), now World Agroforestry Centre, Nairobi. Trainees were randomly selected from

Wanjiku, Julliet; Mairura, Franklin; Place, Frank

2010-01-01

154

An Analysis of Individual and Institutional Contributors to the "Journal of Teaching in International Business"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study traces the development of the "Journal of Teaching in International Business (JTIB)" in terms of its contributors of published research in the field of international business education. The study is based on an analysis of the 245 articles published in the first twelve volumes of "JTIB". The reported results provide evaluative

Urbancic, Frank R.

2003-01-01

155

The Paradox in International Cooperation: Institutionally Embedded Universities in a Global Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a response to processes of globalisation and regional integration, internationalisation activities in universities have changed. Flows have become more massive, the range of activities has broadened, and internationalisation has shifted from a marginal activity to a central institutional issue with strategic importance (van der Wende 2001,

Beerkens, Eric; Derwende, Marijk

2007-01-01

156

Internal Grant Competitions: A New Opportunity for Research Officers to Build Institutional Funding Portfolios  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine in 2005 created an innovative competitive grant program aimed at stimulating faculty to submit more and better NIH research proposals, thereby increasing the probability of success. In this internal competition, three experienced external reviewers critique each proposal and assign a priority

Balaji, Rengarajan V.; Knisely, Christine; Blazyk, Jack

2007-01-01

157

International nanotechnology development in 2003: Country, institution, and technology field analysis based on USPTO patent database  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nanoscale science and engineering (NSE) have seen rapid growth and expansion in new areas in recent years. This paper provides an international patent analysis using the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) data searched by keywords of the entire text: title, abstract, claims, and specifications. A fraction of these patents fully satisfy the National Nanotechnology Initiative definition of nanotechnology (which

Zan Huang; Hsinchun Chen; Zhi-kai Chen; Mihail C. Roco

2004-01-01

158

International Student Self-Appraisal and Institutional Expectations. Research Report #23-89.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A questionnaire administered to 124 international students who matriculated at the University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP) in fall 1987 elicited responses on the students' secondary school activities, personal and educational goals, difficulties expected in achieving their academic and vocational goals, and their attitudes toward the

Molla, Bekele; Sedlacek, William E.

159

An international fellowship in trauma research and the potential benefits for fellows, sponsoring institution, and the global trauma community.  

PubMed

For over a decade, the Los Angeles County/University of Southern California Hospital has supported an international fellowship in trauma that provides research experience, education, and opportunity for clinical observation at a high-volume American College of Surgeons (ACS) designated Level I trauma center. We performed a descriptive study of the design, implementation, and results of an international fellowship in trauma and critical care. Fellows from 27 countries throughout the world have actively engaged in trauma research at Los Angeles County/University of Southern California Hospital. Our program involves intensive education and clinical observation components designed to facilitate dissemination of evidence-based trauma practices throughout the world by graduates. The majority of alumni responding to a survey returned to their countries of origin, remaining active in trauma care and research. Motivation for participation varied, but former fellows universally rated their experience highly and stated they would recommend the program to their colleagues. An international research fellowship in trauma and critical care provides foreign medical trainees opportunities for exposure to research and evidence-based practices at a high-volume trauma center. The program is designed to be beneficial to both the participating fellow and sponsoring institution; and is constructed to effectively promote improved trauma education and the dissemination of quality trauma practices internationally. PMID:19385294

Dubose, Joseph J; Teixeira, Pedro G R; Recinos, Gustavo; Barmparas, Galinos; Ottochian, Marcus; Inaba, Kenji; Petrone, Patrizio; Demetriades, Demetrios

2009-04-01

160

Payment to Creators for Library Loans (Public Lending Right).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These recommendations and report on Public Lending Right (PLR) drafted by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe were designed to encourage the recognition of the principle of PLR and the setting up of compatible PLR schemes throughout Europe. It discusses why an agreement for PLR is necessary, and describes several methods of

Faulds, M.

161

Pay as You Read: The Debate over Public Lending Right.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the concept of Public Lending Right (PLR), which provides for payments to authors based on the circulation of their books by public libraries, and describes the British experience with PLR since 1979. Issues involved in PLR and the possibility of its adoption in the United States are also discussed. (MES)

Stave, Thomas

1987-01-01

162

Readers' Rights & Writers' Property: The Public Lending Right.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In ten countries today--but not in the United States--each time a book is borrowed from a public library, its author is credited with a small payment or library usage royalty. This system, known as Public Lending Right, or PLR, is described. (MLW)

Goodman, William B.

1985-01-01

163

Public Lending Right: Situation in New Zealand and Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the public lending right (PLR) situations in New Zealand and Australia, the only two countries in the South Pacific region to adopt a system of remuneration for authors whose works are circulated by libraries, and discusses its adoption in each country. The 76 references listed include interviews and letters. (CHC)

Rasmussen, Henning

1981-01-01

164

The impacts of affordable lending efforts on homeownership rates  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we develop and test a methodology to assess the impact of affordable lending efforts on homeownership rates. More narrowly, we examine the impact of using flexible underwriting guidelines, primarily changes in the down payment and housing burden requirements, on the affordability and homeownership propensities of targeted populations and geographic areas. The impacts of changing these underwriting guidelines

Roberto G. Quercia; George W. McCarthy; Susan M. Wachter

2003-01-01

165

Relationship Lending and Lines of Credit in Small Firm Finance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the role of relationship lending in small firm finance. It examines price and nonprice terms of bank lines of credit extended to small firms. The focus on bank lines of credit allows the examination of a type of loan contract in which the bank-borrower relationship is likely to be an important mechanism for solving the asymmetric information

Allen N. Berger; Gregory F. Udell

1995-01-01

166

The cultural affinity hypothesis and mortgage lending decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper conducts an empirical analysis of the cultural affinity hypothesis put forth by Calomiris, et al. (1994) in the mortgage lending market. This hypothesis implies that white loan officers, because of a lack of familiarity with minority applicants, will rely more heavily on characteristics that can be observed at low cost (e.g., objective loan application measures) in evaluating the

William C. Hunter; Mary Beth Walker

1996-01-01

167

THE ROLE OF INFORMATION IN LENDING AND CREDIT RISK MANAGEMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Bulletin discusses the role of information technology (IT) in agricultural lending, particularly in view of the globalization of economic and financial relationships in recent years which brings with it additional risks and uncertainties. It particularly underscores the need for an early warning system for agricultural loans and the incorporation of this information into decisions regarding individual loan requests and

John B. Penson

168

Collecting Grey Literature : A British Library Lending Division Perspective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Grey literature in its various aspects presents many problems for producers, intermediaries and end users. The paper describes the British Library Lending Division's activities in this field in the hope that organizations elsewhere will find some of them helpful in overcoming similar difficulties.

Chillag, John

169

The Parent-Child Toy Lending Library. East Hartford Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Educational Resources and Development Center at the University of Connecticut conducted an evaluation of the Parent-Child Toy Lending Library Program for the towns of East Hartford and Manchester. Because both towns participated in the training program at the same time and a summation of the training program data provides more accurate

Connecticut Univ., Storrs. Educational Resources and Development Center.

170

76 FR 43111 - Regulation Z; Truth in Lending  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The Board is publishing final revisions to the official staff commentary to Regulation Z, which implements the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). The commentary applies and interprets the requirements of Regulation Z. The Board is revising the commentary so that it accurately reflects the effective date of a final rule on loan originator compensation practices that was published in the Federal Register......

2011-07-20

171

75 FR 58505 - Regulation Z; Truth in Lending  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The Board is publishing for comment a proposed rule to amend Regulation Z, which implements the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). The proposed rule would implement Section 1461 of the recently enacted Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. Section 1461 amends TILA to provide a separate, higher threshold for determining coverage of the Board's escrow requirement applicable to......

2010-09-24

172

Self-Efficacy, Perceived Social Support, and Psychological Adjustment in International Undergraduate Students in a Public Higher Education Institution in Malaysia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The globalization of the economy and society has had its impact on Malaysian higher education institutions, particularly universities. The Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education aims at intensifying globalization through increasing the number of international students. However, many international students struggle with adjusting to a new culture.

Yusoff, Yusliza Mohd.

2012-01-01

173

34 CFR 682.608 - Termination of a school's lending eligibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false Termination of a school's lending eligibility. 682.608 Section...Standards, and Payments for Participating Schools § 682.608 Termination of a school's lending eligibility. (a)...

2010-07-01

174

34 CFR 682.608 - Termination of a school's lending eligibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-07-01 false Termination of a school's lending eligibility. 682.608 Section...Standards, and Payments for Participating Schools § 682.608 Termination of a school's lending eligibility. (a)...

2009-07-01

175

34 CFR 682.608 - Termination of a school's lending eligibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Termination of a school's lending eligibility. 682.608 Section...Standards, and Payments for Participating Schools § 682.608 Termination of a school's lending eligibility. (a)...

2013-07-01

176

37 CFR 201.24 - Warning of copyright for software lending by nonprofit libraries.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...copyright for software lending by nonprofit libraries. 201.24 Section 201.24 Patents...and Copyrights COPYRIGHT OFFICE, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPYRIGHT OFFICE AND PROCEDURES...copyright for software lending by nonprofit libraries. (a) Definition . A...

2013-07-01

177

12 CFR 550.370 - May I sell assets or lend money between fiduciary accounts?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false May I sell assets or lend money between fiduciary accounts? 550...Dealing § 550.370 May I sell assets or lend money between fiduciary accounts? You may sell assets or lend money between fiduciary accounts,...

2009-01-01

178

12 CFR 550.370 - May I sell assets or lend money between fiduciary accounts?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false May I sell assets or lend money between fiduciary accounts? 550...Dealing § 550.370 May I sell assets or lend money between fiduciary accounts? You may sell assets or lend money between fiduciary accounts,...

2010-01-01

179

Banks as Liquidity Providers: An Explanation for the Coexistence of Lending and Deposit-Taking  

Microsoft Academic Search

What ties together the traditional commercial banking activities of deposit- taking and lending? We argue that since banks often lend via commitments, their lending and deposit-taking may be two manifestations of one primitive func- tion: the provision of liquidity on demand. There will be synergies between the two activities to the extent that both require banks to hold large balances

Anil K. Kashyap; Raghuram Rajan; Jeremy C

2002-01-01

180

De novo banks and lending to small businesses: An empirical analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent widespread consolidation in the banking industry has elicited concern that lending to small businesses will be reduced by the banking industry. The consolidation, though, has stimulated an upsurge in new bank charters. This study compares the lending by de novo banks to small businesses with the lending by similarly sized incumbent banks for the years 19871994. We find that

Lawrence G. Goldberg; Lawrence J. White

1998-01-01

181

Recruiting trainees for a global health research workforce: the National Institutes of Health Fogarty International Clinical Research Scholars Program selection process.  

PubMed

Between 2004 and 2012, the National Institutes of Health Fogarty International Clinical Research Scholars (FICRS) Program provided 1-year mentored research training at low- and middle-income country sites for American and international health science doctoral students. We describe the centralized application process, US applicant characteristics, and predictors of selection/enrollment. FICRS received 1,084 applicants representing many health professions and biomedical disciplines at 132 US academic institutions; 219 students from 72 institutions were accepted and enrolled. Medical/osteopathic students comprised 88.9% of applicants and 85.8% of enrollees. Applicants from institutions with higher applicant numbers were two times as likely to be selected. In 2012, FICRS was decentralized among 20 institutions in five consortia (Global Health Fellows), with autonomous selection processes that emphasize post-doctoral trainees. If academia, government, or charitable foundations offer future opportunities to health professions students for international research, the FICRS experience predicts that they can attract substantial numbers of motivated trainees from diverse backgrounds. PMID:23798584

Heimburger, Douglas C; Warner, Tokesha L; Carothers, Catherine Lem; Blevins, Meridith; Thomas, Yolanda; Gardner, Pierce; Primack, Aron; Vermund, Sten H

2013-08-01

182

Effective Language Education Practices and Native Language Survival. Proceedings of the Annual International Native American Language Issues (NALI) Institute (9th, Billings, Montana, June 8-9, 1989).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume includes papers delivered at the Ninth Annual International Native American Language Issues (NALI) Institute. Dick Littlebear's keynote address describes the importance of maintaining Native American languages. James Crawford's "Language Freedom and Restriction: A Historical Approach to the Official Language Controversy," describes the

Reyhner, Jon, Ed.

183

16 CFR 14.16 - Interpretation of Truth-in-Lending Orders consistent with amendments to the Truth-in-Lending Act...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the Truth-in-Lending Act and Regulation Z. 14.16 Section 14.16 Commercial...the Truth-in-Lending Act and Regulation Z. Introduction The Federal Trade...Stat. 168), and under revised Regulation Z (12 CFR part 226, 46 FR 20848), and...

2010-01-01

184

16 CFR 14.16 - Interpretation of Truth-in-Lending Orders consistent with amendments to the Truth-in-Lending Act...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the Truth-in-Lending Act and Regulation Z. 14.16 Section 14.16 Commercial...the Truth-in-Lending Act and Regulation Z. Introduction The Federal Trade...Stat. 168), and under revised Regulation Z (12 CFR part 226, 46 FR 20848), and...

2009-01-01

185

The Secondary Education Curriculum in Latin America: New Tendencies and Changes. Final Report of the Seminar Organized by the International Bureau of Education and Held at the International Institute for Educational Planning (Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 2-3, 1999).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report was presented and discussed at a seminar on "The Secondary Education Curriculum in Latin America: The View of Specialists" which took place at UNESCO's International Institute for Educational Planning. It also incorporates information and comments put forward at the seminar by participants from Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, and Brazil.

Braslavsky, Cecilia

186

Success of the International Year of the Planet Earth through Targeted High-impact Programs at the American Geological Institute  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The American Geological Institute (AGI) is one of the 12 founding partners of the International Year of the Planet Earth (IYPE) and as such AGI serves on its governing board. AGI is a nonprofit federation of 44 geoscientific and professional associations that represents more than 120,000 geologists, geophysicists, and other earth scientists. AGI provides information services to geoscientists, serves as a voice of shared interests in our profession, plays a major role in strengthening geoscience education, and strives to increase public awareness of the vital role the geosciences play in society's use of resources, resilience to natural hazards, and the health of the environment. The outreach and educational opportunities afforded by IYPE provide AGI with an international venue to promote the role of the geosciences in the daily life of society. AGI's successful release of the 4-part television series entitled Faces of Earth done in partnership with the Discovery Communications is a hallmark example of an outreach product that is technically accurate but designed to engage the non-scientific audience in the wonderment of our science. The series focuses on building the planet, shaping the planet, assembling America, and the human world. Custom short cuts have been produced for special purposes and one of these may be used as part of an IYPE-launch event in Europe. AGI's news magazine, Geotimes will highlight appropriate IYPE events to increase the awareness of the American geoscience community. In addition, Geotimes will promote IYPE by using its logo routinely and through publishing advertisements reminding its professional and public readership of the importance of the IYPE triennium. Similarly, as part of AGI's K-12 educational efforts and teacher training and through its development of Earth Science Week materials, the goals, accomplishments, and importance of IYPE will be incorporated into the targeted educational audiences. IYPE activities will be highlighted on the 2007 Earth Science Week web site, and AGI staff is participating as "first bloggers" for the IYPE Earthlearningidea online investigations. A major AGI contribution to IYPE will be an assessment of the geoscience workforce in the United States. This effort will involve analyzing supply and demand statistics for workforce and working with academia to provide material aimed at ensuring both an adequate and high-quality supply of geoscientists for the future. Such an assessment can be used in collaboratively building a global assessment of the geoscience profession.

Leahy, P.

2007-12-01

187

International Research Institute for Climate Prediction - IRI/LDEO Climate Data Library (title provided or enhanced by cataloger)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Research Institute for Climate Prediction (IRI/LDEO) Climate Data Library contains a wide variety of Earth science data, primarily oceanographic and atmospheric datasets. This site is designed to make the library accessible and user-friendly for novices and advanced users alike, with services such as an introduction to climate data, a data library overview, and step-by-step examples, as well as posted answers to commonly asked questions. There are three main divisions of the data library: the Maproom, Finding Data, and Mastering the Data Library. The Maproom is a collection of maps and other figures that monitor climate conditions at present and in the recent past. The map rooms are divided into 3 sections: Global, Regional, and El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO). The maps and figures can be manipulated and are linked to the original data. Even if the primary interest is in data rather than figures, this is a good place to see which datasets are particularly useful for monitoring current conditions. Finding Data includes database searches, electronic magazines, and interactive learning materials. Mastering the Data Library is divided into many sections which help users interact with the data. The interface allows the user to make plots, tables, and files from any dataset, its subsets, or processed versions thereof. A data server is designed to make data accessible to people using WWW clients (viewers) and to serve as a data resource for WWW documents. Since most documents cannot use raw data, the server is able to deliver the data in a variety of ways: as data files, as tables, and in a variety of plots (line, contour, color, vector) and plot formats (PostScript and gif). Processing of the data, particularly averaging and sampling, can be requested as well. The ultimate vision is to automatically create a web of hypertext that connects final results to analyses of the original data.

188

The Bipartite Network Study of the Library Book Lending System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Through collecting the library lending information of the University of Shanghai for Science and Technology during one year, we build the database between the books and readers, and then construct a bipartite network to describe the relationships. We respectively establish the corresponding un-weighted and weighted bipartite network through the borrowing relationship and the reading days, thereout obtain the statistical properties via the theory and methods of complex network. We find all the properties follow exponential distribution and there is a positive correlation between the relevant properties in un-weighted and weighted networks. The un-weighted properties can describe the cooperation situation and configuration, but the properties with node weight may describe the competition results. Besides, we discuss the practical significance for the double relationship and the statistical properties. Further more, we propose a library personal recommendation system for developing the library humanity design resumptively.

Li, Nan-Nan; Zhang, Ning

189

Lending to Small Businesses by Financial Institutions in the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The funding markets for small firms in the United States consist of multitudes of markets of varying sizes, scattered in widely dispersed geographic areas with various numbers of borrowers and fund suppliers in each market. Banking markets for small firms...

C. Ou V. Williams

2009-01-01

190

78 FR 57058 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Approval of Lending Institutions and Mortgagees: Streamlined...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...supervising federal banking agencies for...submission of audited financial statements...supervising federal banking agencies to submit audited financial statements...supervising federal banking agencies for...submission of audited financial...

2013-09-17

191

78 FR 23178 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Approval of Lending Institutions and Mortgagees: Streamlined...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...supervising federal banking agencies for submission of audited financial statements (currently...mortgagees with the financial reporting requirements of the federal banking agencies eliminates unnecessary financial and administrative...

2013-04-18

192

Comparative International Education: Institutions of Higher Education in Poland and Canadian Universities: A Comparison Using an Information Technology Conceptual Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to compare institutions of higher learning in Poland and universities in Canada using an information technology conceptual framework consisting of three parts: participation, feedback and partnership. (Contains 15 notes.)

Butler, Norman L.; Davidson, Barry S.; Griffith, Kimberly Grantham; Kritsonis, William Allan; Pachocinski, Ryszard; Herrington, David E.

2007-01-01

193

The Bank Lending Channel and Monetary Transmission in Central and Eastern European Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper carries out a systematic empirical inves tigation of the bank lending channel of monetary transmission in the 8 CEE countries that h ave joint the EU: Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovak Republic and Slovenia. We examine in particular whether the impact of monetary policy ch anges on bank lending differs depending on the banks' size,

Roman Matousek; Nicholas Sarantis

2007-01-01

194

Bank Lending and Interest Rate Changes in a Dynamic Matching Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents theory and evidence on the dynamic relationship between aggregate bank lending and interest rate changes. Theoretically, it proposes and solves a stochastic matching model where credit expansion and contraction are time consuming. It shows that the response of bank lending to changes in money market rates is likely to be asymmetric and depends crucially on two structural

Giovanni Dell'Ariccia; Pietro Garibaldi

1998-01-01

195

Collateral value, firm borrowing, and forbearance lending: an empirical study of Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates whether banks exercise forbearance lending to troubled firms by presenting a stylized model and then testing the hypotheses implied by this model, using firm-level data of Taiwan. During 19911996 when the economy started to show signs of weakening, banks are found to have exercised forbearance lending across all types of firms, hoping that the economy would soon

Nan-Kuang Chen; Hsiao-Lei Chu; Jin-Tan Liu; Kuang-Hsien Wang

2006-01-01

196

Small Business Credit Availability and Relationship Lending: The Importance of Bank Organisational Structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper models the inner workings of relationship lending, the implications for bank organisational structure, and the effects of shocks to the economic environment on the availability of relationship credit to small businesses. Relationship lending depends on the accumulation over time by the loan officer of \\

Allen N. Berger; Gregory F. Udell

2002-01-01

197

Asymmetric Information, Bank Lending, and Implicit Contracts: A Stylized Model of Customer Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Customer relationships arise between banks and firms because, in the process of lending, a bank learns more than others about its own customers. This information asymmetry allows lenders to capture some of the rents generated by their older customers; competition, thus, drives banks to lend to new firms at interest rates that initially generate expected losses. As a result, the

Steven A Sharpe

1990-01-01

198

A systematic review of the international published literature relating to quality of institutional care for people with longer term mental health problems  

PubMed Central

Background A proportion of people with mental health problems require longer term care in a psychiatric or social care institution. However, there are no internationally agreed quality standards for institutional care and no method to assess common care standards across countries. We aimed to identify the key components of institutional care for people with longer term mental health problems and the effectiveness of these components. Methods We undertook a systematic review of the literature using comprehensive search terms in 11 electronic databases and identified 12,182 titles. We viewed 550 abstracts, reviewed 223 papers and included 110 of these. A "critical interpretative synthesis" of the evidence was used to identify domains of institutional care that are key to service users' recovery. Results We identified eight domains of institutional care that were key to service users' recovery: living conditions; interventions for schizophrenia; physical health; restraint and seclusion; staff training and support; therapeutic relationship; autonomy and service user involvement; and clinical governance. Evidence was strongest for specific interventions for the treatment of schizophrenia (family psychoeducation, cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and vocational rehabilitation). Conclusion Institutions should, ideally, be community based, operate a flexible regime, maintain a low density of residents and maximise residents' privacy. For service users with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, specific interventions (CBT, family interventions involving psychoeducation, and supported employment) should be provided through integrated programmes. Restraint and seclusion should be avoided wherever possible and staff should have adequate training in de-escalation techniques. Regular staff supervision should be provided and this should support service user involvement in decision making and positive therapeutic relationships between staff and service users. There should be clear lines of clinical governance that ensure adherence to evidence-based guidelines and attention should be paid to service users' physical health through regular screening.

Taylor, Tatiana L; Killaspy, Helen; Wright, Christine; Turton, Penny; White, Sarah; Kallert, Thomas W; Schuster, Mirjam; Cervilla, Jorge A; Brangier, Paulette; Raboch, Jiri; Kalisova, Lucie; Onchev, Georgi; Dimitrov, Hristo; Mezzina, Roberto; Wolf, Kinou; Wiersma, Durk; Visser, Ellen; Kiejna, Andrzej; Piotrowski, Patryk; Ploumpidis, Dimitri; Gonidakis, Fragiskos; Caldas-de-Almeida, Jose; Cardoso, Graca; King, Michael B

2009-01-01

199

Fostering the Development and Implementation of Principles for Managing Ethics in Higher Education Institutions: An International Comparative Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In today's world, higher education faces important opportunities and challenges, many of which are new and unexpected. The increased complexity of higher education institutions themselves is reflected in the expansion of their roles and responsibilities. These roles and responsibilities include: greater demands for regional engagement and other

Marmolejo, Francisco

2006-01-01

200

Beyond the Classroom: International Education and the Community College. Volume III: Creating Institutional Links in Asia and the Pacific.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a four-volume set in which community college educators discuss their efforts to internationalize the educational experience of the students and communities they serve, volume III in this series addresses the development of programmatic links among five two-year colleges and institutions in Japan, Taiwan, the People's Republic of China,

Franco, Robert W., Ed.; Shimabukuro, James N., Ed.

201

International Reports. International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions; Canada's Libraries in 2002: A Year of Partnerships; A Golden Celebration: The National Library of Canada at 50.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These three reports discuss international library organization issues, including awards and grants, digital technology, and membership; and Canadian library issues, including federal information policy issues, library services, projected shortage of librarians, mergers, digital divide, and a history of the National Library of Canada. (LRW)

Wiggins, Beacher; Adams, Karen G.; Starr, Mary Jane

2003-01-01

202

Controversy and conversation continue about the transparency of microcredit lending organizations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Microfinance programs harness Web to connect borrowers and lendershttp://www.mercurynews.com/business/ci_13726179?nclick_check=1Kiva is Not Quite What It Seemshttp://blogs.cgdev.org/open_book/2009/10/kiva-is-not-quite-what-it-seems.phpInnocuous Changes vs. Grand Designshttp://www.huffingtonpost.com/dennis-whittle/innocuous-changes-vs-gran_b_350588.htmlMicrofinance Gateway [pdf]http://www.microfinancegateway.org/p/site/m/Kivahttp://www.kiva.org/Since Muhammad Yunus and the Grameen Bank were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in 2006 for their work on microcredit lending, a number of institutions working on similar issues have received a great deal of attention and press coverage. One such organization is Kiva, which was founded in 2005 by Matt and Jessica Flannery. Kiva prides itself on serving as a link "between small individual lenders and small individual borrowers", and on their website visitors can select the person they would like to support. Recently, this personal connection came under question by David Roodman, a research fellow at the Center for Global Development. In a lengthy blog post, Roodman questioned the direct one-to-one relationship between the lender and the borrower, while remaining largely positive about Kiva's mission. Some commentators have continued to raise the question of transparency, and in the wake of the news, Kiva amended a statement on their website to state simply "Kiva connects people through lending to alleviate poverty." This controversy has not been bad for Kiva, and the president of Kiva, Premal Shah, commented this week "If anything, it has drawn more people into the nuance and beauty of this model of microfinance. It's highly imperfect, but it's like a 3 ½ year-old child: it has a lot of potential."The first link will take users to an article from this Monday's New York Times which talks about this recent controversy surrounding Kiva. The second link leads to an article from the Mercury News that provides additional background on the nature of microfinance programs and their mission. Moving on, the third link leads visitors to David Roodman's original blog post about Kiva. The fourth link will whisk users away to a post on creating a "real marketplace for development" by Dennis Whittle, the CEO of Global Giving. The fifth link leads to the Microfinance Gateway homepage. Here visitors can learn about how microfinance works in different countries around the world, read papers from their online library, and peruse announcements from the microfinance industry. The last link leads to the homepage of Kiva, and it's well worth looking at some of the profiles and success stories featured here.

Grinnell, Max

2009-11-13

203

Military Personnel: DOD's Predatory Lending Report Addressed Mandated Issues, but Support Is Limited for Some Findings and Recommendations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

You requested that we review DOD's 2006 report on predatory lending practices. Specifically, we evaluated DOD's approach and support in preparing its mandated report on predatory lending practices. This report documents findings that we briefed to your of...

B. S. Farrell

2007-01-01

204

Wisconsin's Shrinking Educational Advantage: The Internal "Brain Drain" Reexamined. Wisconsin Policy Research Institute Report, Volume 2, No. 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A one-year follow-up study of a 1988 report on Wisconsin's internal "brain drain" indicates that the state's historic educational advantage is shrinking. Assessment of performance on the American College Testing Program (ACT), the Preliminary Scholastic Aptitude Test (PSAT), and the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) reveals that scores are declining

Durden, William G.

205

Institutional Identity and School-Community Matters: "Encapsulated" and "Inclusive" Lessons for Engagement from Two International Schools in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An engaging education attends to how students perceive and experience schooling. This article uses data, collected as part of a mixed-methods PhD study of the conditions that make international schools engaging places for students, to explore the school culture and community contexts that impact student engagement. The twin notions of

Jabal, Eric

2013-01-01

206

Institutional report - Coronary Intimal injury of ultrasonically skeletonized internal thoracic artery by a vessel clamp: morphological analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The skeletonized internal thoracic artery (ITA) has several advantages over a pedicled one in coronary artery bypass grafting. A skeletonized ITA, which lacks surrounding tissue, thus seems more susceptible to the mechanical force exerted by a vessel clamp than the pedicled ITA. The purpose of this study was to assess the detrimental effect of vessel clamps on the intimal integrity

Masaru Yoshikai; Tsuyoshi Itoh; Keiji Kamohara; Junji Yunoki; Hideyuki Fumoto

207

Liquidity Shocks, Banking System Failures, and Supranational Lending of Last Resort Facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a small open economy with a high share of short term foreign currency denominated debt the arrival of some negative information on banks' investment returns may lead to severe bank runs. We analyse how a supranational institution which acts as an international lender of last resort can cope with banking crises by guaranteeing run-proof bank deposit contracts.

Germana Corrado

2005-01-01

208

12 CFR Appendix C to Part 30 - OCC Guidelines Establishing Standards for Residential Mortgage Lending Practices  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...commonly associated with predatory mortgage lending, such as loan flipping and equity stripping, will involve conduct that likely...excessive fees for the loan or ancillary products. 2. Loan Flipping. Repeat refinancings under circumstances where the...

2008-01-01

209

Lending on Native American Lands: A Guide for Rural Development Staff.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In September 1996, the Rural Development (RD) Office of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) published Lending on Native American Lands: A Guide for Rural Development Staff, which was prepared by the Housing Assistance Council (HAC), with assistance ...

2006-01-01

210

The Benefits of Lending Relationships: Evidence from Small Business Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper empirically examines how ties between a firm and its creditors affect the availability and cost of funds to the firm. The authors analyze data collected in a survey of small firms by the Small Business Administration. The primary benefit of building close ties with an institutional creditor is that the availability of financing increases. The authors find smaller

Mitchell A Petersen; Raghuram G Rajan

1994-01-01

211

Investing in Human Capital. Leadership for the Challenges of the 21st Century. Edited Proceedings of the Institute of International Education Forum (75th, New York, New York, October 27, 1994).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These proceedings highlight the Institute for International Education's forum on the implications of the emergence of a global economy and the worldwide communications revolutions for international education and training. Over 200 individuals from the corporate, foundation, government, academic, and diplomatic communities participated in the

Institute of International Education, New York, NY.

212

Small Business Lending in SBA Region X: Directory of Small Business Lending Reported by Commercial Banks in SBA Region X in June 1994.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The series of state-by-state listings ranks commercial banks' small business lending activities for every state and the District of Columbia as of June, 1994, by looking at such data as: the number of dollar value of small business loans outstanding, the ...

1994-01-01

213

Small Business Lending in SBA Region 10. Directory of Small Business Lending Reported by Commercial Banks in SBA Region 10 in June 1994.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The series of state-by-state listings ranks commercial banks' small business lending activities for every state and the District of Columbia as of June, 1994, by looking at such data as: the number of dollar value of small business loans outstanding, the ...

1994-01-01

214

Mental health research and cultural dominance: the social construction of knowledge for international development.  

PubMed

This institutional ethnographic work uses the first author's experience as an international development worker, educator, and community mental health nurse in West Africa to illustrate how official research and policy on mental health services reflect Western academic, corporate, economic, and cultural dominance. Focusing on a critical textual analysis of a survey intended to support funding applications to international aid/lending agencies, the authors show how official processes privilege Western policies/research approaches and subordinate local perspectives. If nurses, researchers, and policy-makers are to be effective in carrying out development work in Africa, they must learn to appreciate the subtle exertion of dominance inherent in Western approaches. The authors propose that understanding local knowledge be foregrounded rather than backgrounded to the complex global interpretive frames for international research and international development policy. PMID:12908198

Jakubec, Sonya L; Campbell, Marie

2003-06-01

215

Prognostic significance of soft tissue extension, International Prognostic Index, and multifocality in primary bone lymphoma: a single institutional experience.  

PubMed

Primary bone lymphoma (PBL) is a rare disease. The literature is inconsistent in regard to definition, stage and prognostic factors. We examined the PBL cases seen at the Moffitt Cancer Center between 1998 and 2013 using the 2013 World Health Organization criteria for bone/soft tissue tumours. Seventy PBL patients were included, of whom 53 (757%) patients were histologically classified as primary bone diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PB-DLBCL). Femur was the most commonly involved site in PBLs with unifocal bone lesions, whereas PBLs with multifocal bone lesions most frequently presented with spine disease. Further analysis of the PB-DLBCL subgroup showed that these patients had 3- and 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) of 612% and 469%, respectively and 5- and 10-year overall survival (OS) of 811% and 747%, respectively. Multivariate analysis identified soft tissue extension and International Prognostic Index (IPI) score as the most important unfavourable prognostic factors for both PFS and OS. Multifocality was also highly significantly associated with a worse PFS (P=0002) and OS (P<0001), although it was not identified in multivariate analysis due to its incorporation into the IPI. The results warrant further investigation regarding whether PBL with multifocal bone lesions could be considered as a systemic and more aggressive disease rather than a conventional PBL. PMID:24673481

Wu, Huanwen; Zhang, Ling; Shao, Haipeng; Sokol, Lubomir; Sotomayor, Eduardo; Letson, Douglas; Bui, Marilyn M

2014-07-01

216

Harmonizing the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) sound level meter specification standards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It has been over 20 years since the last major revision of the American National Standard Specification for Sound Level Meters, S1.4-1983 (R2002). This is the most extensively referenced ANSI acoustical standard, with wide application to architectural acoustics, soundscapes, environmental noise, and hearing conservation. A new revision is proposed that conforms as closely as possible to the recently developed International Electrotechnical Commission Standard for Electroacoustics-Sound Level Meters Part 1: Specifications, IEC 61672-1 (2002-05). This proposed revision represents an improvement over ANSI S1.4-1983, particularly in its frequency response tolerance limits at high frequencies, and impulse (toneburst) response. Also, it incorporates the high-frequency electrical design goals and tolerance limits for A-weighted response that were specified in Amendment S1.4A-1985, and it maintains the more restrictive low-frequency tolerance limits of the earlier (1983) specification, compared to IEC 61672-1. The proposed revision maintains the laboratory precision Type 0 specification, which is absent in IEC 61672-1, while incorporating the specifications for integrating-averaging sound level meters previously given in ANSI S1.43-1997. Sound level meters which meet the Type 1 and Type 2 specification requirements, respectively, in this S1.4 revision will also meet the Class 1 and Class 2 specification requirements of 61672-1.

Brooks, Bennett M.

2005-09-01

217

The transboundary EIA convention in the context of private sector operations co-financed by an International Financial Institution: two case studies from Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents two case studies involving private sector, offshore, oil field developments in the Caspian Sea. Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) of these operations indicated that major and unmitigated oil spills could potentially result in transboundary impacts. Both projects were co-financed by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), an International Financial Institution (IFI). Project review and financing decision by the EBRD occurred when neither country hosting the projects was a Party to the 1991 Convention on EIA in a Transboundary Context (Espoo Convention). Discussions with government agencies during project review highlighted their limited institutional capacity to pursue transboundary notification and consultation activities. However, without being formal Parties or having clearly defined roles under the Convention, the combined presence of the EBRD, the private sector developer and its project needing financing became important drivers to promote the Espoo Convention. Surveying for similar IFI-project combinations in developing and transition economies could provide a 'bottom up' input to further optimise the Convention Secretariat's awareness raising, intervention design, and alliance-building strategies. The knowledge management model and user-friendly Web site of the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity highlight approaches that may also prove effective for the Espoo Convention.

Nazari, Mehrdad M

2003-07-01

218

Is relationship lending special? Evidence from credit-file data in Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

The German financial market is often characterized as a bank-based system with strong bankcustomer relationships. The corresponding notion of a housebank is closely related to the theoretical idea of relationship lending. It is the objective of this paper to provide a direct comparison between housebanks and normal banks as to their credit policy. Therefore, we analyze a new data set,

Ralf Elsas; Jan Pieter Krahnen

1998-01-01

219

Public Lending Right and the Working Party Report: A Public Librarian Comments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Public Lending Right (PLR) campaign began in 1951 and the details of the proposals have been changed over the years. The 1972 Working Party Report makes no recommendation but many of the facts it assembles can be used to oppose PLR in its proposed form. (5 references) (Author)

Maidment, William R.

1972-01-01

220

Charges for the Use of Lending Library Services: A Case Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The case study considers the technical aspects, not the principles, involved in charging the public for the use of lending library service. After examination of the present service it is felt that the following four systems of charge are possible: (1) sub...

1969-01-01

221

White House Pins Hopes for Direct Lending on New Benefits for Those Who Consolidate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal Department of Education will help college students save money on loan interest if they consolidate loans in the direct lending program while in college. Some college lobbyists feel the administration has not done enough to cut fees and help students and colleges and, as a result, may lose direct-loan participants to bank-loan programs.

Burd, Stephen

1999-01-01

222

78 FR 79286 - Truth in Lending (Regulation Z): Adjustment to Asset-Size Exemption Threshold  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Lending (Regulation Z): Adjustment to Asset-Size Exemption...average of the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage...from $2 billion. The adjustment is based on the 1...regulations for automatic adjustments to the threshold. Regulatory...average of the Consumer Price Index for Urban...

2013-12-30

223

Lending Relationships and Information Rents: Do Banks Exploit Their Information Advantages?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the process of lending to a firm, a bank acquires proprietary firm-specific information that is unavailable to nonlenders. This asymmetric evolution of information between lenders and prospective lenders grants the former an information monopoly. This article empirically investigates whether relationship banks exploit this advantage by charging higher interest rates than those that would prevail were all banks symmetrically informed.

Carola Schenone

2010-01-01

224

A History of Toy Lending Libraries in the United States Since 1935.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper traces the history of the toy library, a facility or program created to loan toys to children, parents, child care providers, teachers, and play therapists. Types of toy lending libraries are the community toy library, the supplemental toy library, the cooperative neighborhood toy library, and the mobile toy library. The first toy

Moore, Julia E.

225

Economic conditions, lending competition, and evaluation effect of credit line announcements on borrowers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the determinants of the signaling effect of acquiring lines of credit (LCs) on borrower stock returns by testing the economic conditions and lending competition hypotheses. The economic conditions hypothesis is tested by examining the loan cyclicality and handpicking effects. The former predicts a negative relationship between economic conditions and borrower returns because of banks' loose (strict) screening

Yong-Chin Liu; Hsiang-Ju Chen

2012-01-01

226

Congress Protected the Troops: Can the New CFPB Protect Civilians from Payday Lending?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2007, Congress enacted a law, commonly referred to as the Military Lending Act (MLA), which placed a 36% interest rate cap on several consumer loans, including payday loans, and prohibits lenders from engaging in several practices considered predatory. However, the MLA grants these protections only to active-duty military members and their dependent family members. In the wake of the

Creola Johnson

2012-01-01

227

Do bank lending relationships always enhance financial distress resolution? The case of Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the financial distress resolution benefit of bank lending relationships in a system where because of the lack of access to public debt and equity markets, banks do not face competition as providers of capital. For a sample of German firms, this article finds that companies in financial distress are more likely to be liquidated if they have

Andreas Rauterkus

2009-01-01

228

The study on the relationship among banking relationship, lending contract and bank operational performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is to discuss the relationship between bank lending screening signal and bank operational performance. The study finds that the information asymmetry phenomenon has significant influence to the health running of financial market based on the review of relevant existing literatures; while most studies emphasize on the discussion upon the influence of banking relationship to the operational performance of

Chang Hsiu-chen; Huang Gow-liang; Yu Chang-hsi

2008-01-01

229

Hydrogen Mapping of the Lunar South Pole Using the LRO Neutron Detector Experiment LEND  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hydrogen has been inferred to occur in enhanced concentrations within permanently shadowed regions and, hence, the coldest areas of the lunar poles. The Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS) mission was designed to detect hydrogen-bearing volatiles directly. Neutron flux measurements of the Moon's south polar region from the Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector (LEND) on the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO)

I. G. Mitrofanov; A. B. Sanin; W. V. Boynton; G. Chin; J. B. Garvin; D. Golovin; L. G. Evans; K. Harshman; A. S. Kozyrev; M. L. Litvak; A. Malakhov; E. Mazarico; T. McClanahan; G. Milikh; M. Mokrousov; G. Nandikotkur; G. A. Neumann; I. Nuzhdin; R. Sagdeev; V. Shevchenko; V. Shvetsov; D. E. Smith; R. Starr; V. I. Tretyakov; J. Trombka; D. Usikov; A. Varenikov; A. Vostrukhin; M. T. Zuber

2010-01-01

230

Report to Congress on the Finance Charges for Consumer Credit under the Truth in Lending Act.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge, the cost of consumer credit expressed as a dollar amount. The uniform disclosure of financing costs is designed to assist consumers in shopping for credit products. The cost of credit und...

1996-01-01

231

Bank consolidation and small business lending: It's not just bank size that matters  

Microsoft Academic Search

We find that acquirers tend to recast the target in their own image, causing the small business loan portfolio share of the consolidated bank to converge toward the pre-merger portfolio share of the acquirer. However, concerns that this pattern will necessarily reduce bank small business lending may be overblown. First, most mergers are of two (or more) small banks. Second,

Joe Peek; Eric S. Rosengren

1998-01-01

232

Laptops to Go: A Student Assessment of a Library Laptop Lending Service  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Approximately five years ago, the library at Emporia State University started a laptop lending service to provide laptops for use in the library. The program has been highly successful. In the last few years, some modifications were made to the program, and netbooks were added. In this article, the authors will explore laptop programs in a variety

Summey, Terri; Gutierrez, Art

2012-01-01

233

Inspirations from U.S. subprime lending crisis to credit risk management of Chinese commercial banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under analyzing the causes and impacts of U.S. subprime lending crisis, the article pointed that it brings some inspirations for strengthening credit risk management of Chinese banking industry. Especially, the article explores the impact of credit risk measurement and ways to address the challenges going forward. On this foundation, taking a look into the very basics of credit risk management

Bi Zhang

2008-01-01

234

Does function follow organizational form? Evidence from the lending practices of large and small banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theories based on incomplete contracting suggest that small organizations have a comparative advantage in activities that make extensive use of soft information. We provide evidence consistent with small banks being better able to collect and act on soft information than large banks. In particular, large banks are less willing to lend to informationally difficult credits, such as firms with no

Allen N. Berger; Nathan H. Miller; Mitchell A. Petersen; Raghuram G. Rajan; Jeremy C. Stein

2005-01-01

235

78 FR 27308 - Loan Originator Compensation Requirements Under the Truth In Lending Act (Regulation Z...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection (Bureau) is proposing to temporarily delay the June 1, 2013, effective date of a prohibition on creditors financing credit insurance premiums in connection with certain consumer credit transactions secured by a dwelling. The prohibition was adopted in the Loan Originator Compensation Requirements under the Truth in Lending Act (Regulation Z) Final Rule,......

2013-05-10

236

78 FR 32547 - Loan Originator Compensation Requirements Under the Truth in Lending Act (Regulation Z...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection (Bureau) is issuing a final rule delaying the June 1, 2013, effective date of a prohibition on creditors financing credit insurance premiums in connection with certain consumer credit transactions secured by a dwelling. The prohibition was adopted in the Loan Originator Compensation Requirements under the Truth in Lending Act (Regulation Z) Final Rule,......

2013-05-31

237

Association of body mass index of HIV1infected pregnant women and infant birth weight, body mass index, length, and head circumference: the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development International Site Development Initiative Perinatal Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed the relationship between the body mass index (BMI) of HIV-1infected women and their infants' perinatal outcomes. The study population was composed of women enrolled in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development International Site Development Initiative Perinatal Study, with data allowing calculation of their BMI adjusted for length of gestation (adjBMI), who delivered singleton infants.

Maria Letcia S. Cruz; D. Robert Harris; Jennifer S. Read; Marisa M. Mussi-Pinhata; Regina C. M. Succi

2007-01-01

238

Drama and Theatre in Education: The Research of Practice, the Practice of Research. Papers Originally Presented at the International Drama in Education Research Institute (2nd, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, July 3-8, 1997).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers represents the thinking of distinguished research practitioners of drama and theatre education, who presented keynotes and master classes at the second International Drama in Education Research Institute, held in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, in 1997. They provide a diversity of approaches to classroom drama and to

Saxton, Juliana, Ed.; Miller, Carole, Ed.

239

17 CFR 247.772 - Exemption from the definition of broker for banks engaging in securities lending transactions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Exemption from the definition of âbrokerâ for banks engaging in securities lending transactions...DEFINITIONS RELATED TO THE EXCEPTIONS FOR BANKS FROM THE DEFINITION OF BROKER § 247...from the definition of broker for banks engaging in securities lending...

2013-04-01

240

Investigating asymmetries in the bank lending channel. An analysis using Austrian banks balance sheet data  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present paper we use a balanced bank panel data set to obtain an inference on two dimensions of the asymmetric response of bank lending to interest rate changes. The cross-sectional dimension is captured by group-specific parameters whereby each banks group membership is estimated along with the model parameters. Moreover, the asymmetric response over time is modelled with switching

Sylvia Kaufmann; Sylvia Fruehwirth-Schnatter

2003-01-01

241

Price Run-up in Housing Markets, Access to Bank Lending and House Prices in Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the causal relationship between house prices and the access to bank lending in Kangnam, the hottest submarket\\u000a in Seoul and four cold markets which have shown relatively modest price increases. In response to the rapid escalation of\\u000a house prices in Seoul, primarily in Kangnam in recent years, the Korean government implemented a number of policies to stabilize

Sae Woon Park; Doo Woan Bahng; Yun W. Park

2010-01-01

242

12 CFR 550.350 - May I lend, sell, or transfer assets of a fiduciary account if I have an interest in the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false May I lend, sell, or transfer assets of a fiduciary...Restrictions on Self Dealing § 550.350 May I lend, sell, or transfer assets of a fiduciary...paragraph (b) of this section, you may not lend, sell, or otherwise transfer...

2009-01-01

243

12 CFR 550.350 - May I lend, sell, or transfer assets of a fiduciary account if I have an interest in the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false May I lend, sell, or transfer assets of a fiduciary...Restrictions on Self Dealing § 550.350 May I lend, sell, or transfer assets of a fiduciary...paragraph (b) of this section, you may not lend, sell, or otherwise transfer...

2010-01-01

244

A Prototype Two-tier Mentoring Program for Undergraduate Summer Interns from Minority-Serving Institutions at the University of Alaska Fairbanks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF) is partnering with Delaware State University, Virginia State University, Elizabeth City State University, Bethune-Cookman University, and Morgan State University on a U.S. Department of Agriculture - National Institute for Food and Agriculture funded grant for ';Enhancing Geographic Information System Education and Delivery through Collaboration: Curricula Design, Faculty, Staff, and Student Training and Development, and Extension Services'. As a part of this grant, in summer 2013, UAF hosted a week long workshop followed by an intense two week undergraduate internship program. Six undergraduate students from partnering Universities worked with UAF graduate students as their direct mentors. This cohort of undergraduate mentees and graduate student mentors were in-turn counseled by the two UAF principal investigators who served as ';super-mentors'. The role of each person in the two-tier mentoring system was well defined. The super-mentors ensured that there was consistency in the way the internship was setup and resources were allocated. They also ensured that there were no technical glitches in the research projects and that there was healthy communication and interaction among participants. Mentors worked with the mentees ahead of time in outlining a project that aligned with the mentees research interest, provided basic reading material to the interns to get oriented, prepared the datasets required to start the project, and guided the undergraduates throughout the internship. Undergraduates gained hands-on experience in geospatial data collection and application of tools in their projects related to mapping geomorphology, landcover, geothermal sites, fires, and meteorological conditions. Further, they shared their research results and experiences with a broad university-wide audience at the end of the internship period. All participants met at lunch-time for a daily science talk from external speakers. The program offered a rich and gratifying experience for all participants. Undergraduate students got a sneak-peek into a career in higher academia before stepping into graduate school. Graduate students gained mentoring experience, and also learned the importance of good time management and setting clear expectations.

Gens, R.; Prakash, A.; Ozbay, G.; Sriharan, S.; Balazs, M. S.; Chittambakkam, A.; Starkenburg, D. P.; Waigl, C.; Cook, S.; Ferguson, A.; Foster, K.; Jones, E.; Kluge, A.; Stilson, K.

2013-12-01

245

Global Financial Crisis: The Role of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). (Updated February 4, 2009).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report discusses two potential roles the International Monetary Fund (IMF) may have in helping to resolve the current global financial crisis: (1) immediate crisis control through balance of payments lending to emerging market and less-developed coun...

M. A. Weiss

2009-01-01

246

Global Financial Crisis: The Role of the International Monetary Fund (IMF).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report discusses two potential roles the International Monetary Fund (IMF) may have in helping to resolve the current global financial crisis: (1) immediate crisis control through balance of payments lending to emerging market and less-developed coun...

M. A. Weiss

2008-01-01

247

12 CFR 614.4110 - Transfer of direct lending authority to Federal land bank associations and agricultural credit...  

...lending authority to Federal land bank associations and agricultural credit associations. 614.4110 Section 614.4110 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM LOAN POLICIES AND OPERATIONS Bank/Association...

2014-01-01

248

Dynamics of bidding in a P2P lending service: effects of herding and predicting loan success  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online peer-to-peer (P2P) lending services are a new type of social platform that enables individuals borrow and lend money directly from one to another. In this paper, we study the dynamics of bidding behavior in a P2P loan auction website, Prosper.com. We investigate the change of various attributes of loan requesting listings over time, such as the interest rate and

Simla Ceyhan; Xiaolin Shi; Jure Leskovec

2011-01-01

249

77 FR 54844 - High-Cost Mortgage and Homeownership Counseling Amendments to the Truth in Lending Act...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

On July 9, 2012, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) published on its Web site and transmitted to the Federal Register a notice requesting comment on, among other things, proposed changes to Regulation Z (Truth in Lending) to implement amendments to the Truth in Lending Act made by the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act that expand the types of mortgage loans......

2012-09-06

250

Institutional productivities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We considered the 5707 research papers published in the ApJ, AJ, and PASP in 1952, 1962, 1972, 1982, and 1992. For each paper we noted the affiliations and, assuming that each of n authors should get credit for one/n paper for his/her institution, we determined the numbers of papers published by 38 preselected institutions, the remaining other U.S. institutions, and non-U.S. institutions. The ten or 20 most- productive institutions are listed for each year. In many cases the institutions with the largest staffs are at the top of the lists. Then we determined the numbers of AAS members at each institution and computed the mean number of papers per AAS member. We found that pure research organizations have the highest productivity per AAS member and the averages decrease as we progress to institutions whose staff members have many other commitments in addition to research.

Abt, Helmut A.

1993-07-01

251

August 1998: Senior Loan Officer Opinion Survey on Bank Lending Practices  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System conducts the Senior Loan Officer Opinion Survey on Bank Lending Practices on a quarterly basis to ensure the availability of results for the January, May, August, and November meetings of the Federal Open Market Committee. The August 1998 survey includes questions of changes in standards on home equity, consumer, and commercial real estate loans, and the causes and effects of reduced participation of US branches and agencies of foreign banks in the US loan market.

1998-01-01

252

Unequal Burden: Income and Racial Disparities in Subprime Lending in America  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) "has released a study showing that the number of subprime home loans is skyrocketing in predominantly black neighborhoods and low-income neighborhoods." Statistics presented here indicate that lenders may be engaged in "predatory lending," charging much higher interest rates to minorities and the poor than to whites and the middle class. Among the findings: "homeowners in high-income black areas are twice as likely as homeowners in low-income white areas to have subprime loans."

2000-01-01

253

Trajectories of pure and co-occurring internalizing and externalizing problems from age 2 to age 12: findings from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care.  

PubMed

How and why do internalizing and externalizing problems, psychopathological problems from different diagnostic classes representing separate forms of psychopathology, co-occur in children? We investigated the development of pure and co-occurring internalizing and externalizing problems from ages 2 to 12 with the use of latent class growth analysis. Furthermore, we examined how early childhood factors (temperament, cognitive functioning, maternal depression, and home environment) and early adolescent social and behavioral adjustment variables were related to differential trajectories of pure and co-occurring internalizing and externalizing problems. The sample (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care) consisted of 1,232 children (52% male). Mother reports on the Child Behavior Checklist (Achenbach, 1991, 1992) were used to construct the trajectories of externalizing and internalizing problems. Analyses identified groups of children exhibiting pure and co-occurring internalizing and externalizing problems. Children exhibiting continuous externalizing or continuous co-occurring internalizing and externalizing problems across the 10-year period under investigation were more likely to (a) engage in risky behaviors, (b) be associated with deviant peers, (c) be rejected by peers, and (d) be asocial with peers at early adolescence. However, children exhibiting pure internalizing problems over time were only at higher risk for being asocial with peers as early adolescents. Moreover, the additive effects of individual and environmental early childhood risk factors influenced the development of chronic externalizing problems, although pure internalizing problems were uniquely influenced by maternal depression. Results also provided evidence for the concepts of equifinality and multifinality. PMID:20822230

Fanti, Kostas A; Henrich, Christopher C

2010-09-01

254

College Perspective '75: New Thrusts, New Musts. Proceedings, Annual International Institute on the Community College (6th, Lambton College, Sarnia, Ontario, June 9-12, 1975).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These conference papers deal with many topics of current interest to community college educators in the United States and Canada. Subjects discussed include: staff development as institutional change; adult education; personhood development in the community college; community-based education priorities and alternative futures; community college

Delgrosso, G. M., Ed.; Allan, G. B., Ed.

255

College Perspective '74: Changes, Challenges, Choices. Proceedings, Annual International Institute on the Community College (5th, Lambton College, Sarnia, Ontario, June 10-13, 1974).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These conference papers deal with many topics of current interest to community college educators in Canada and the United States. Subjects discussed include: performance-based, individualized, self-paced, and personalized systems of instruction; institutional goals; systems approaches to instruction; the integration of community colleges, public

Delgrosso, G. M., Ed.; Colford, G. D., Ed.

256

Institute of Family Studies Newsletter, No. 11, December 1984, Plus Supplement: XXth International CFR Seminar on Social Change and Social Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Substantive articles in this newsletter issue concern: (1) issues related to reproductive technology; (2) marriage and family questions for the 1986 census; (3) fault and violence in the family court; (4) children and young people in institutional care; (5) marriage counseling initiatives; (6) employment and families; and (7) family life in

Michie, Meredith, Comp.; Keane, David, Comp.

1984-01-01

257

Use of Apollo 17 Epoch Neutron Spectrum as a Benchmark in Testing LEND Collimated Sensor  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Apollo 17 neutron experiment LPNE provided a unique set of data on production of neutrons in the Lunar soil bombarded by Galactic Cosmic Rays (GCR). It serves as valuable "ground-truth" in the age of orbital remote sensing. We used the neutron data attributed to Apollo 17 epoch as a benchmark for testing the LEND's collimated sensor, as introduced by the geometry of collimator and efficiency of He3 counters. The latter is defined by the size of gas counter and pressure inside it. The intensity and energy spectrum of neutrons escaping the lunar surface are dependent on incident flux of Galactic Cosmic Rays (GCR) whose variability is associated with Solar Cycle and its peculiarities. We obtain first the share of neutrons entering through the field of view of collimator as a fraction of the total neutron flux by using the angular distribution of neutron exiting the Moon described by our Monte Carlo code. We computed next the count rate of the 3He sensor by using the neutron energy spectrum from McKinney et al. [JGR, 2006] and by consider geometry and gas pressure of the LEND sensor. Finally the neutron count rate obtained for the Apollo 17 epoch characterized by intermediate solar activity was adjusted to the LRO epoch characterized by low solar activity. It has been done by taking into account solar modulation potential, which affects the GCR flux, and in turn changes the neutron albedo flux.

Chin, Gordon; Sagdeev, R.; Milikh, G.

2011-01-01

258

Hydrogen mapping of the lunar south pole using the LRO neutron detector experiment LEND.  

PubMed

Hydrogen has been inferred to occur in enhanced concentrations within permanently shadowed regions and, hence, the coldest areas of the lunar poles. The Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS) mission was designed to detect hydrogen-bearing volatiles directly. Neutron flux measurements of the Moon's south polar region from the Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector (LEND) on the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) spacecraft were used to select the optimal impact site for LCROSS. LEND data show several regions where the epithermal neutron flux from the surface is suppressed, which is indicative of enhanced hydrogen content. These regions are not spatially coincident with permanently shadowed regions of the Moon. The LCROSS impact site inside the Cabeus crater demonstrates the highest hydrogen concentration in the lunar south polar region, corresponding to an estimated content of 0.5 to 4.0% water ice by weight, depending on the thickness of any overlying dry regolith layer. The distribution of hydrogen across the region is consistent with buried water ice from cometary impacts, hydrogen implantation from the solar wind, and/or other as yet unknown sources. PMID:20966247

Mitrofanov, I G; Sanin, A B; Boynton, W V; Chin, G; Garvin, J B; Golovin, D; Evans, L G; Harshman, K; Kozyrev, A S; Litvak, M L; Malakhov, A; Mazarico, E; McClanahan, T; Milikh, G; Mokrousov, M; Nandikotkur, G; Neumann, G A; Nuzhdin, I; Sagdeev, R; Shevchenko, V; Shvetsov, V; Smith, D E; Starr, R; Tretyakov, V I; Trombka, J; Usikov, D; Varenikov, A; Vostrukhin, A; Zuber, M T

2010-10-22

259

Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia: a report from the International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia updating the National Cancer Institute-Working Group 1996 guidelines  

PubMed Central

Standardized criteria for diagnosis and response assessment are needed to interpret and compare clinical trials and for approval of new therapeutic agents by regulatory agencies. Therefore, a National Cancer Institutesponsored Working Group (NCI-WG) on chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) published guidelines for the design and conduct of clinical trials for patients with CLL in 1988, which were updated in 1996. During the past decade, considerable progress has been achieved in defining new prognostic markers, diagnostic parameters, and treatment options. This prompted the International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (IWCLL) to provide updated recommendations for the management of CLL in clinical trials and general practice.

Hallek, Michael; Cheson, Bruce D.; Catovsky, Daniel; Caligaris-Cappio, Federico; Dighiero, Guillaume; Dohner, Hartmut; Hillmen, Peter; Keating, Michael J.; Montserrat, Emili; Rai, Kanti R.; Kipps, Thomas J.

2008-01-01

260

Adjustment in Africa and Fifty Years of the Bretton Woods Institutions: Change or Consolidation?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Responding critically to the 1994 World Bank report (Adjustment in Africa: Reform, Results and the Road Ahead) this article examines the circumstances of adoption of structural adjustment lending (SAL) by the World Bank and the IMF. It argues that the present adjustment paradigm of the multilateral institutions has undergone successive reconceptualizations designed to co-opt a variety of sources of intellectual

Eboe Hutchful

1995-01-01

261

Insolation Effects on Lunar Hydrogen: Observation from the LRO LEND and LOLA Instruments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Moon's polar permanent shadow regions (PSR) have long been considered the unique repository for volatile Hydrogen (H) Largely, this was due to the extreme and persistently cold environment that has been maintained over eons of lunar history. However, recent discoveries indicate that the H picture may be more complex than thc PSR hypothesis suggests. Observations by the Lunar Exploration Neutron Detect (LEND) onboard the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) indicate some H concentrations lie outside PSR. Similarly, observations from Chandraayan-l's M3 and Deep Impact's EPOXI near infra-red observations indicate diurnal cycling of volatile H in lower latitudes. These results suggest other geophysical phenomena may also play a role in the Lunar Hydrogen budget. In this presentation we review the techniques and results from the recent high latitude analysis and apply similar techniques to equatorial regions. Results from our low latitude analysis will be reported. We discuss interpretations and implications for Lunar Hydrogen studies

McClanahan, T. P.; Mitrofanov, I. G.; Boynton, W. V.; Chin, G.; Droege, G.; Evans, L. G.; Garvin, J.; Harshman, K.; Livak, M. M.; Malakhov, A.; Milikh, G. M.; Namkung, M.; Nandikotkur, G.; Neumann, G.; Smith, D.; Sagdeev, R.; Sanin, A. G.; Starr, R. D.; Trombka, J. I.; Zuber, M. T.

2011-01-01

262

International Cancer Screening Network  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Main Content Search International Cancer Screening Network Sponsored by the National Cancer Institute Working Together to Evaluate Cancer Screening and Improve Outcomes Internationally About the ICSN Overview Participating Countries Contact

263

The stigma of people with epilepsy is demonstrated at the internalized, interpersonal and institutional level in a specific socio-cultural context: findings from an ethnographic study in rural China  

PubMed Central

Epilepsy is a common chronic neurological disease. One of its characteristics is that it can bring severe stigma for patients. At the same time as controlling the epileptic seizures, taking appropriate measures to reduce the stigma of epilepsy is an important aspect of any comprehensive intervention strategy. We examined the views of 106 participants of different target groups, including patients with epilepsy (PWE), their family members, neighbors, teachers, employers, community administrators, doctors and nurses, using one to one in-depth interviews and group discussions. The discussions covered the following aspects related to epilepsy: the participants understanding of epilepsy, the patients own perception of epilepsy, the attitudes of surrounding people, the social and cultural environment, the social support available to them, and government regulations and policies. We found that the stigma of epilepsy is a very negative self-feeling from the patients perspective. Many complex and diverse factors determine its formation and severity. The stigma of epilepsy, in a particular social and cultural context, can be demonstrated in the internalized, interpersonal and institutional levels. Hence, we suggest that effective measures to alleviate stigma should be based on ways of eliminating factors which cause institutional stigma. Additionally, depending on the specific circumstances of PWE, a personalized approach to eliminate factors which cause internalized and interpersonal stigma needs to be adopted. Only by addressing impacting factors at each of these three levels, can the stigma of PWE in China be alleviated or even eliminated.

Guo, Wencui; Wu, Jianzhong; Wang, Wenzhi; Guan, Biyan; Snape, Dee; Baker, Gus A; Jacoby, Ann

2012-01-01

264

76 FR 18567 - Fogarty International Center; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Committee: Fogarty International Center Advisory Board...National Institutes of Health, Building 31, 31...and public-private partnerships. Place: National Institutes of Health, Lawton Chiles International House,...

2011-04-04

265

Phenomenology Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Phenomenology Institute at the University of Wisconsin-Madison pursues "a broad range of research in particle physics theory and phenomenology." At this website, users can view concise summaries of its many focuses including in neutrino physics, string theory and extra dimensions, and electroweak physics. Visitors can find links to the homepages of many of the researchers involved with the Institute. The website features the upcoming and past events held by the Institute such as the Pheno Symposiums. Individuals can examine abstracts and compressed postscripts of the phenomenology preprints since 1994 as well as articles about the newest issues in phenomenology written for the popular press.

266

Urban Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Urban Institute is a Washington DC-based, nonprofit organization devoted to economic and social policy research. Its Website holds a wealth of information featuring in-depth reports on social and economic issues facing the US and abroad. These reports are updated frequently and focus on such issues as American health care reform, child support, and social security. The Research section contains a huge database of Urban Institute reports and can be searched by topic, author, and date. The site also links to Urban Institute special programs including the National Center for Charitable Statistics and The Retirement Project.

267

The Institute for Psychohistory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The New York Institute for Psychohistory sponsors this new Website which features articles from The Journal of Psychohistory and chapters from Lloyd deMause's, book-in-progress, Childhood and History. Titles such as "The Political Consequences of Child Abuse" by Alice Miller or "The Gulf War as a Mental Disorder" should prove of interest both to those new to psychohistory, "the science of historical motivation," and to those already involved in the field. The site also links to the Institute branches, the International Psychohistorical Association, related links of interest, and PSYCHOHISTORY, a discussion list and chat room (discussed in the September 19, 1997 Scout Report), with archives.

1998-01-01

268

Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University: A New International Center of Excellence and a Forum for Exchanges and Collaborations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The goals of the Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics at Peking University are to build up a center of excellent and a platform for intellectual exchange of ideas. With English as its working language, KIAA conducts global faculty and postdoc recruitments. In addition, it will organize a series of workshops and thematic programs aiming at across-the-border collaboration and interdisciplinary interactions. It will also actively engage graduate students and postdocs to participate in ongoing research programs and close collaborations with other Chinese scientific organizations. The main foci of KIAA will be cosmology and galaxy formation, high energy astro astrophysics and active galactic nuclei, star and planet formation and evolution. I will describe its present status.

Lin, Douglas

2009-01-01

269

Burn Institute  

MedlinePLUS

... do each year a burn injury. Learn more Fire and Burn Prevention Each year, the Burn Institute ... thousands of children and adults each year through fire and burn prevention education, burn survivor support programs ...

270

International Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three reports discuss the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions; the Frankfurt Book Fair, focusing on electronics; and Canadian library trends, including resource sharing, technology projects, information policy, censorship, services for persons with disabilities, construction projects, and library education and

Anderson, Nancy D.; And Others

1994-01-01

271

Systems of safety and active worker-participation strategies for a safe workplace: the philosophical and structural underpinnings of the labor institute, and the Paper, Allied-industrial, Chemical And Energy Workers International Union, Accident Prevention Programs.  

PubMed

For the last ten years, The Labor Institute, in cooperation with the Paper, Allied-Industrial, Chemical and Energy Workers International Union (PACE) and several other international unions, has been training workers and managers to prevent accidents in the workplace using what we call a Systems of Safety (SOS) approach. We teach workers to identify major categories of safety systems and sub-systems in the workplace and to assign a hierarchical prevention value to each category. The SOS approach enables workers to look beyond the simplest explanations for an accident to identify the full range of factors that contributed to the event. As a result, Systems of Safety training provides workers with an unparalleled opportunity to reduce the frequency and severity of in-plant accidents. Unfortunately, the full benefits of an SOS system cannot be realized in most workplaces as they are now organized. Our decades of experience--and a review of relevant literature--tell us that worker participation is the key to preventing accidents. Maximum accident prevention is only achievable through maximum worker participation. In most workplaces, hierarchical structures--and workers' internalization of that hierarchy--prevent full worker participation. This article will explore barriers to achieving maximum worker participation, and strategies for providing workers with some measure of control over the systems of safety that determine the level of safety at their work sites. PMID:17208744

Renner, Paul

2004-01-01

272

Experiment LEND of the NASA Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter for high-resolution mapping of neutron emission of the Moon.  

PubMed

The scientific objectives of neutron mapping of the Moon are presented as 3 investigation tasks of NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter mission. Two tasks focus on mapping hydrogen content over the entire Moon and on testing the presence of water-ice deposits at the bottom of permanently shadowed craters at the lunar poles. The third task corresponds to the determination of neutron contribution to the total radiation dose at an altitude of 50 km above the Moon. We show that the Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector (LEND) will be capable of carrying out all 3 investigations. The design concept of LEND is presented together with results of numerical simulations of the instrument's sensitivity for hydrogen detection. The sensitivity of LEND is shown to be characterized by a hydrogen detection limit of about 100 ppm for a polar reference area with a radius of 5 km. If the presence of ice deposits in polar "cold traps" is confirmed, a unique record of many millions of years of lunar history would be obtained, by which the history of lunar impacts could be discerned from the layers of water ice and dust. Future applications of a LEND-type instrument for Mars orbital observations are also discussed. PMID:18844457

Mitrofanov, I G; Sanin, A B; Golovin, D V; Litvak, M L; Konovalov, A A; Kozyrev, A S; Malakhov, A V; Mokrousov, M I; Tretyakov, V I; Troshin, V S; Uvarov, V N; Varenikov, A B; Vostrukhin, A A; Shevchenko, V V; Shvetsov, V N; Krylov, A R; Timoshenko, G N; Bobrovnitsky, Y I; Tomilina, T M; Grebennikov, A S; Kazakov, L L; Sagdeev, R Z; Milikh, G N; Bartels, A; Chin, G; Floyd, S; Garvin, J; Keller, J; McClanahan, T; Trombka, J; Boynton, W; Harshman, K; Starr, R; Evans, L

2008-08-01

273

"Lawfully Made under This Title": The Implications of "Costco v. Omega" and the First Sale Doctrine on Library Lending  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While initially it seems that libraries would have no interest in a case involving a big-box company and a luxury watch manufacturer, the outcome of "Costco v. Omega" will have important implications for libraries' ability to lend the foreign-printed, imported materials in their collections that were lawfully acquired.

Chamberlain, Katherine A.

2011-01-01

274

Australian Institute of Criminology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Australian Institute of Criminology hosts this information-rich Website, focusing on crime and criminal justice in Australia. The Institute provides materials to help educate policymakers, journalists, and the interested public. Their publications section features, among other materials, 147 briefs and papers on topical issues of crime and punishment and 13 online papers addressing questions of policy, with another dozen abstracted papers available for ordering. The site also makes available substantial data on crime and justice in Australia, including Australian Crime: Facts and Figures for 1999 and 1998; A Statistical Profile of Crime in Australia; and similarly extensive reports on juvenile crime, firearm use, and homicide. Moreover, annotated links to relevant data and research sources are provided in addition to annual reports on the Institute's work in the field. Anyone doing research in criminology with a focus on Australia -- or interested in doing internationally comparative work on a particular issue -- will find this site invaluable.

275

Institute of Development Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located in Sussex, England, the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) is an international authority on development. IDS serves as a center for research and education on development and offers conferences and workshops, as well as a host of online information about research and publications. Full-text working and discussion papers are available online, as are several special research reports and descriptions of projects on such subjects as Globalization, Governance and Civil Society, and Environment.

276

Earth Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Earth Institute at Columbia University is to help the world achieve sustainability by expanding understanding of the Earth as one integrated system. Through research, education, and the practical application of research to real-world challenges, the Institute addresses nine interconnected global issues: climate and society, water, energy, poverty, ecosystems, public health, food and nutrition, and hazards and urbanization. The Institute's site offers a collection of videotaped events, including the biannual "State of the Planet" conferences, 2002-08, a Distinguished Lecture series, and the Sustainable Development seminar series, as well as e-seminars and e-briefings, information about funding opportunities, and information about educational opportunities at Columbia.

277

78 FR 12788 - Certain Electronic Bark Control Collars; Notice of Institution of Investigation; Institution of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [Investigation No. 337-TA-870] Certain Electronic Bark Control Collars; Notice of Institution of Investigation; Institution of Investigation Pursuant to 19 U.S.C. 1337...

2013-02-25

278

Teacher Institutes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

By putting teachers back into an intense learning and leadership environment, the National Science Foundation (NSF) is embarking on a major effort to improve the mathematics and science education of the nations youth. The three-year $5.5 million Teacher Institute project in Park City, Utah, involves middle and high school mathematics teachers from three school districts, including a small system in McAllen, Texas, and larger systems in Cincinnati, Ohio and Seattle, Washington. In summer resident sessions, the institute at Park City will train middle and secondary school teachers to become teacher-leaders.

279

Cato Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Cato Institute is a think tank based on "limited government, free markets, individual liberty, and peace." It's Web site is highlighted by the full text of many of its Briefing Papers, all of its Foreign Policy Briefing Series, over 100 of its Policy Analysis Series, all of its Social Security Privatization Series, and articles from its semi-monthly Cato Policy Reports (under Publications and Broadcasts). In addition, the site offers information about the Institute, its staff, its events, and its other publications.

1999-01-01

280

Testing Lunar Permanently Shadowed Regions for Water Ice: LEND Results from LRO  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We use measurements from the Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector (LEND) collimated sensors during more than one year of the mapping phase of NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) mission to make estimates of the epithermal neutron flux within known large Permanently Shadowed Regions (PSRs). These are compared with the local neutron background measured outside PSRs in sunlit regions. Individual and collective analyses of PSR properties have been performed. Only three large PSRs, Shoemaker and Cabeus in the south and Rozhdestvensky U in the north, have been found to manifest significant neutron suppression. All other PSRs have much smaller suppression, only a few percent, if at all. Some even display an excess of neutron emission in comparison to the sunlit vicinity around them. Testing PSRs collectively, we have not found any average suppression for them. Only the group of 18 large PSRs, with area >200 square kilometers, show a marginal effect of small average suppression, approx. 2%, with low statistical confidence. An approx. 2% suppression corresponds to approx. 125 ppm of hydrogen taking into account the global neutron suppression near the lunar poles and assuming a homogeneous H distribution in depth in the regolith. This means that all PSRs, except those in Shoemaker, Cabeus and Rozhdestvensky U craters, do not contain any significant amount of hydrogen in comparison with sunlit areas around them at the same latitude.

Sanin, A. B.; Mitrofanov, I. G.; Litvak, M. L.; Malakhov, A.; Boynton, W. V.; Chin, G.; Droege, G.; Evans, L. G.; Garvin, J.; Golovin, D. V.; Harshman, K.; McClanahan, T. P.; Mokrousov, M. I.; Mazarico, E.; Milikh, G.; Neumann, G.; Sagdeev, R.; Smith, D. E.; Starr, R. D.; Zuber, M. T.

2012-01-01

281

Institutional Transformation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although incivility and conflict have long plagued community colleges and other educational institutions, recent budget declines have made this situation more critical. In the past, those who disagreed could be bought off and organizations tended to hire layers of people to perform tasks that one person with a personal computer can perform today.

Harris, Zelema M.

282

Undignifying institutions  

PubMed Central

Declarations of the importance of dignity in health care are commonplace in codes of practice and other mission statements, yet these documents never clarify dignity's meaning. Their vague aspirations are compared to comments from staff and patients about opportunities for and barriers against the promotion of dignity in elderly care institutions. These suggest that while nurses and health care assistants have an intuitive understanding of dignity, they either do not or cannot always bring it about in practice. Thus, despite stated intentions to promote dignity, it appears that the circumstances of at least some elderly care institutions cause patients to experience avoidable indignities. Such institutions are "undignifying institutions" because they fail to acknowledge dignity's basic components, focus excessively on quantifiable priorities, and have insufficient resources available to assure consistently dignifying care. As a partial solution, we argue that health workers should be taught to understand and specify the components of dignity, which will better prepare them to challenge undignifying practices and to recognise opportunities for dignity promotion.

Seedhouse, D; Gallagher, A

2002-01-01

283

Institution Morphisms  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Institutions formalize the intuitive notion of logical system, including both syntax and semantics. A surprising number of different notions of morphisim have been suggested for forming categories with institutions as objects, and a surprising variety of names have been proposed for them. One goal of this paper is to suggest a terminology that is both uniform and informative to replace the current rather chaotic nomenclature. Another goal is to investigate the properties and interrelations of these notions. Following brief expositions of indexed categories, twisted relations, and Kan extensions, we demonstrate and then exploit the duality between institution morphisms in the original sense of Goguen and Burstall, and the 'plain maps' of Meseguer, obtaining simple uniform proofs of completeness and cocompleteness for both resulting categories; because of this duality, we prefer the name 'comorphism' over 'plain map.' We next consider 'theoroidal' morphisms and comorphisims, which generalize signatures to theories, finding that the 'maps' of Meseguer are theoroidal comorphisms, while theoroidal morphisms are a new concept. We then introduce 'forward' and 'semi-natural' morphisms, and appendices discuss institutions for hidden algebra, universal algebra, partial equational logic, and a variant of order sorted algebra supporting partiality.

Goguen, Joseph; Rosu, Grigore; Norvig, Peter (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

284

Benchmarking curriculum content in entry-level health professional education with special reference to health promotion practice in physical therapy: a multi-institutional international study.  

PubMed

Health promotion (HP) warrants being a clinical competency for health professionals given the global burden of lifestyle-related conditions; these are largely preventable with lifestyle behavior change. Physical therapists have a practice pattern conducive to HP, including lifestyle behavior change. The extent to which HP content is included in entry-level physical therapy (PT) curricula, and how it is taught however, is unknown. The aim of this study was to benchmark lifestyle behavior HP content within entry-level curricula of international PT programs. The sampling frame included 258 accredited PT academic programs spanning six countries. An internet-based survey was used to assess HP curricular content. Descriptive questions for HP topics (smoking cessation, nutrition, weight control, alcohol consumption, exercise, and stress management) included hours allotted and instructional methods used. Chi square tests examined differences between the proportion of programs in the United States (US) and other countries (combined) for HP topics, and among HP topics regarding instructional methods. The response rate was 48 %. Most programs (>80 %) included all HP topics except alcohol consumption (65.5 % of programs). Instructional methods used were primarily theory-based; few programs (range 2.6-24.1 %) combined theory, practical and attainment of clinical competency for all HP topics (exercise prescription notwithstanding). Proportionally, more US programs included alcohol and nutrition than other countries combined. Overall, HP lifestyle behavior topics were included to varying extent; however, instructional methods used and hours allotted per topic varied across PT curricula. Universal standards of HP practice as a clinical competency are warranted within the profession. PMID:22987193

Bodner, Michael E; Rhodes, Ryan E; Miller, William C; Dean, Elizabeth

2013-10-01

285

Institutional Research, Politics, and the Federal Government.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal educational statistical activities and federal support of research about higher education and institutional operations are activities that assist institutional research. Institutional research is defined to include studies, policy analyses, and information collection that help college administrators understand the internal operations and

Folger, John

1983-01-01

286

Proceedings from the Third National Institutes of Health International Congress on Advances in Uterine Leiomyoma Research: comprehensive review, conference summary and future recommendations.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND Uterine fibroids are the most common gynecologic tumors in women of reproductive age yet the etiology and pathogenesis of these lesions remain poorly understood. Age, African ancestry, nulliparity and obesity have been identified as predisposing factors for uterine fibroids. Symptomatic tumors can cause excessive uterine bleeding, bladder dysfunction and pelvic pain, as well as associated reproductive disorders such as infertility, miscarriage and other adverse pregnancy outcomes. Currently, there are limited noninvasive therapies for fibroids and no early intervention or prevention strategies are readily available. This review summarizes the advances in basic, applied and translational uterine fibroid research, in addition to current and proposed approaches to clinical management as presented at the 'Advances in Uterine Leiomyoma Research: 3rd NIH International Congress'. Congress recommendations and a review of the fibroid literature are also reported. METHODS This review is a report of meeting proceedings, the resulting recommendations and a literature review of the subject. RESULTS The research data presented highlights the complexity of uterine fibroids and the convergence of ethnicity, race, genetics, epigenetics and environmental factors, including lifestyle and possible socioeconomic parameters on disease manifestation. The data presented suggest it is likely that the majority of women with uterine fibroids will have normal pregnancy outcomes; however, additional research is warranted. As an alternative to surgery, an effective long-term medical treatment for uterine fibroids should reduce heavy uterine bleeding and fibroid/uterine volume without excessive side effects. This goal has not been achieved and current treatments reduce symptoms only temporarily; however, a multi-disciplined approach to understanding the molecular origins and pathogenesis of uterine fibroids, as presented in this report, makes our quest for identifying novel targets for noninvasive, possibly nonsystemic and effective long-term treatment very promising. CONCLUSIONS The Congress facilitated the exchange of scientific information among members of the uterine leiomyoma research and health-care communities. While advances in research have deepened our knowledge of the pathobiology of fibroids, their etiology still remains incompletely understood. Further needs exist for determination of risk factors and initiation of preventive measures for fibroids, in addition to continued development of new medical and minimally invasive options for treatment. PMID:24401287

Segars, James H; Parrott, Estella C; Nagel, Joan D; Guo, Xiaoxiao Catherine; Gao, Xiaohua; Birnbaum, Linda S; Pinn, Vivian W; Dixon, Darlene

2014-01-01

287

International Migration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Website, Push and Pull Factors of International Migration, features background and preliminary research data from a joint project of Eurostat and The Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute the goal of which is to "improve understanding of the direct and indirect causes and mechanisms of international migration to the European Union from an internationally comparative perspective. The project is an effort to respond to the fact that "international migration flows have increased in magnitude and complexity over the past decades." Separate sections of the site provide information on the aim, objectives, and approach of the project; the research design; as well as a summary of first results on recent migration, migration motives, migration networks, and migration intentions; and further bibliographic and Web-based resources. The project is under the auspices of the Commission of the European Communities.

288

World Bank Lending for Small and Medium Enterprises: Fifteen Years of Experience.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary objectives of World Bank projects for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are: strengthening of financial and technical institutions that serve SMEs; job creation at relatively low cost per unit of capital invested; and correction of imperfect...

L. Webster

1991-01-01

289

12 CFR 204.8 - International banking facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...another depository institution organized under the...foreign international or supranational entity specifically...another depository institution organized under the...States office of the institution establishing the IBF...foreign international or supranational entity...

2009-01-01

290

12 CFR 204.8 - International banking facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...another depository institution organized under the...foreign international or supranational entity specifically...another depository institution organized under the...States office of the institution establishing the IBF...foreign international or supranational entity...

2010-01-01

291

World Policy Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Policy Institute, located within the New School University since 1991, is concerned with promoting and engaging the public debate and scholarship surrounding international diplomacy and world politics. As such, the Institute seeks to "offer innovative policy proposals for public debate with the goal of developing an internationalist consensus on the measures needed for the management of a world market economy" and "to nurture a new generation of writers and public intellectuals committed to internationalist thinking." From the well-organized home page, users can read current and archived issues of the World Policy Journals (one of WPI's scholarly publications), read about ongoing research projects (including those dealing with the international arms trade and counter-terrorism), and find out about events sponsored by the Institute. Perhaps the highlight of the site is the archive, including lecture and discussion video recordings, which address such topics as "The Democratic Deficit in Latin America" and "Nation Building: Does it Work?" and are viewable in their entirety. [KMG

292

Exploration of Volatile Resources on the Moon with the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector (LEND)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector (LEND) on the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) is tasked with evaluating the quantity of hydrogen-bearing species within the upper meter of lunar regolith; investigating the presence and distribution of possible water-ice deposits in permanently shadowed regions (PSRs) near the poles; and determining the neutron contribution to total radiation dose at 50 km altitude above the Moon. To fulfill these goals, LEND has been mapping the distribution of thermal and epithermal neutron leakage flux since LRO entered its mapping orbit in September 2009. LRO moved to an elliptical orbit in December 2011, with 30 km periselene over the south pole and aposelene above the north pole. During the commissioning phase of the mission, July-September 2009, LEND obtained preliminary mapping of hydrogen/water deposits near the south pole that contributed to site-selection for the LCROSS impact. Global maps of neutron leakage flux measured with LEND show regional variation in thermal (energy < 0.015 eV) and fast (>0.5 MeV) neutrons, and map epithermal neutron flux globally. Spatial resolution of the collimated detector is consistent with the design value of 5 km radius for half the detected lunar epithermal neutrons, with the remainder spatially diffuse. Statistically significant neutron-suppressed regions (NSRs) are not closely related to polar PSRs. Outside of the NSRs, hydrogen content increases directly with latitude at both poles. Thermal volatilization of water deposits may be responsible for increasing H concentrations nearer the poles because it is minimized at the low surface temperature of the poles. Significant neutron suppression regions (NSRs) relative to neighboring regions have been found in three large PSRs, Shoemaker and Cabeus in the south and Rozhdestvensky U in the north. Some small PSRs display excess neutron emission compared to the sunlit vicinity. On average, PSRs other than these three do not contain significantly more hydrogen than sunlit areas around them at the same latitude. Correlation between neutron suppression measured by LEND and illumination models for the Moon's polar regions suggests that insolation at the poles is an important factor in locally modulating hydrogen concentrations so that the highest concentrations of hydrogen appear to be on poleward-facing vs. equator-facing slopes. Epithermal neutron flux is slightly suppressed near the dawn terminator at near-equatorial latitude, with least suppression in local lunar mid-afternoon, implying a mobile population of hydrogen-bearing volatiles near the terminator that resides transiently in the regolith. The observed pattern supports hypothesized mineral hydration at the terminator in the form of H2O/OH.

Livengood, T. A.; Boynton, W. V.; Sanin, A.; Chin, G.; Litvak, M.; McClanahan, T. P.; Mitrofanov, I. G.; Sagdeev, R.

2013-12-01

293

Transforming International Education through Institutional Capacity Building  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter is a story--from the perspective of a community college president--about one community college and how it transformed itself through the process of comprehensive internationalization within the context of globalization. With a commitment to preparing students to live and work in a global economy and multicultural world, the college

Bermingham, Jack; Ryan, Margaret

2013-01-01

294

Institution Building through International Faculty Exchange.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The experience of Boston University's school of education in providing development assistance through collaborative faculty linkages to Cairo University, Egypt is discussed. The assistance has taken three forms: (1) short-term, postdoctoral fellowships at Boston University for 13 Cairo University faculty in the areas of program planning, teaching

Shann, Mary H.

295

Educational Imperative: International Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that a college's international education program must be located within the institution's stated mission and purpose. Identifies three types of international programs and poses questions to help determine which option is most appropriate to a college. (DMM)

Geer, Marshall

1988-01-01

296

LOVING TO STRAIGHTEN OUT DEVELOPMENT: SEXUALITY AND ETHNODEVELOPMENT IN THE WORLD BANK'S ECUADORIAN LENDING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gender staff in the World Bank -- the world's largest and most influential development institution -- have a policy problem.\\u000a Having prioritised efforts to get women into paid employment as the ?8cure-all?9 for gender inequality they must deal with\\u000a the work that women already do -- the unpaid labour of caring, socialisation, and human needs fulfilment. This article explores\\u000a the

KATE BEDFORD

2005-01-01

297

Topographically Induced Thermal Effects on Lunar Hydrogen Distributions: Correlated Observations from the LRO LEND and LOLA Instruments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The question of whether water exists on the Moon's surface has long been an enigma to Lunar researchers. Largely, this was due to the thermally extreme lunar surface environment that would seem to preclude any long term maintenance, manufacture, transport or accumulation of hydrogen (H) volatiles over most of the lunar surface. As a result, for many years the cold permanent shadow regions (PSR) in the bottoms of craters near the lunar poles appeared to provide the basic conditions at least for maintenance of lunar hydrogen. Importantly, recent discoveries indicate that there is some hydrogen at the poles. However, the picture of the lunar hydrogen budget may be more complex than the PSR hypothesis has suggested. This evidence comes from observations by the Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector (LEND) onboard the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) that inclici1te 1) some H concentrations lie outside PSR and 2) though a few of the larger PSR's have high hydrogen, PSR does not appear to be an independent factor influencing the large-scale suppression of polar epithermals observed by LEND and the Lunar Prospector Neutron Spectrometer. In this research we investigate the possibility that the thermal contrast between pole-facing and equator facing-slopes is a factor influencing the surface distributions of lunar H. We perform this bulk correlated observation and study by developing a thermal proxy from slope data of the Lunar Orbiting Laser Altimeter (LOLA) digital elevation model (DEM) which is registered with the collimated LEND epithermal map. From the LOLA transforms we impose a thermal functional decomposition and systematic statistical analysis of the LEND epithermal map. Our hypothesis testing suggests in most high latitude bands studied> +/- 45 deg: Epithermal rates in pole-facing slopes are significantly lower than epithermal rates in equivalent equator-facing slopes. As a control study, we find that there is no statistically significant difference between equivalent east and west facing slopes. This finding suggests topographic modulation of insolation is a factor influencing the lunar H budget. Importantly, this result is consistent with observations in terrestrial, Martian research.

McClanahan, T. P.; Mitrofanov, I. G.; Boynton, W. V.; Chin, G.; Droege, G.; Evans L. G.; Garvin, J.; Harshman, K.; Litvak, M. L.; Malakhov, A.; Milikha, G. M.; Namkung, M.; Nandikotkur, G.; Neumann, G.; Smith, D.; Sagdeev, R.; Sanin, A. G.; Starr, R. D.; Trombka, J. I.; Zuber, M. T.

2012-01-01

298

Four Years of the Lunar Hydrogen Exploration by the LEND experiment on-board the LRO mission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector (LEND) is operating on orbit around the Moon on-board the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) spacecraft about four years. LEND has been designed and manufactured to investigate presence and determine average amount of hydrogen in upper (~1 m depth) subsurface layer of the Lunar regolith with spatial resolution ~5 km from 50 km orbit, to check the hypothesis what the permanently shadowed regions (PSRs) at circumpolar regions are the main reservoirs of a large deposition of water ice on the Moon and to monitor neutron radiation environment during different stages of the Solar activity cycle. Instrument is able to measure lunar neutron fluxes in a broad energy range from thermal energies (> 0.015 eV) up to high energies (0.5 - 15 MeV). Here we would like to present newest updated results of the LEND data gathered during the all four years of the LEND observations. Maps of thermal, epithermal and fast neutron fluxes are created using these data. Most interesting result which is found that in general case the PSRs regions are not contains a detectable amount of hydrogen but there are few large neutron suppression regions (NSRs) which there detected as a regions with statistically significant suppression of neutron flux. Three found NSRs partially overlap with the PSRs in Cabeus, Shoemaker (on South) and Rozhdestvensky U (on North) but they are spread on a sunlit vicinity of these PSRs. This means that hydrogen may be preserved for a long time or even accumulated at ~1 m layer of sunlit areas regolith. All other PSRs do not show a statistically significant suppressions of neutron flux in comparison with a sunlit areas at the same latitudes. This supposes a hypothesis what a permanent shadow is not only necessary condition for hydrogen presence at a region but an illumination conditions of this region may create a favorite for hydrogen accumulation and preserving. Such hypothesis is supported by analysis of poleward-facing and equatorial-facing slopes of craters. This analysis shows a statistically significant increasing of hydrogen concentration at poleward-facing slopes in comparison to equatorial-facing slopes.

Sanin, A. B.; Mitrofanov, I. G.; Litvak, M.; Golovin, D.; Boynton, W. V.; Chin, G.; Evans, L.; Garvin, J. B.; Harshman, K.; Livengood, T. A.; McClanahan, T. P.; Milikh, G. M.; Sagdeev, R.; Starr, R. D.; Tretyakov, V.

2013-12-01

299

Fogarty International Center: A Resource for International Nursing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes of Health is an international research center for research training of foreign health professionals and allied health personnel, strengthening of health institutional research capability in foreign countries, direct technical assistance for disease control, and improvement of the

Glittenberg, JoAnn E.

1989-01-01

300

Meeting Report XIII International Charles Heidelberger Symposium and 50 Years of Fluoropyrimidines in Cancer Therapy Held on September 6 to 8, 2007 at New York University Cancer Institute, Smilow Conference Center  

PubMed Central

This conference opened with Franco Muggia, host and principal organizer, thanking Joseph Landolph, co-Chair of the International Scientific Organizing Committee and its members (Franco Muggia, co-Chair, Max Costa, Steven Burakoff, Howard Hochster, Eliezer Huberman, John Bertram, Peter Danenberg, and Richard Moran); the members of the Local Organizing Committee (Drs. Costa, Guttenplan, Geacintov, and Hochster); and the Charles and Patricia Heidelberger Foundation for Cancer Research for developing the scientific program and for working to help him create this special symposium honoring the late Charles Heidelberger, former president of the American Association for Cancer Research, member of the National Academy of Sciences, and extraordinary scientist in the fields of carcinogenesis and cancer chemotherapy. It was most appropriate to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the patent obtained by him for 5-fluorouracil (5FU), a drug that came to symbolize the promise chemotherapy of nonhematologic malignancies. After this compound was shown to be helpful in the treatment of colorectal and breast cancers, Dr. Heidelberger proceeded to develop other fluoropyrimidines and to inspire Ph.D. students and postdoctoral fellows to investigate their mechanisms of action and to develop assays applicable to clinical specimens (what we now refer to as translational science). Steven Burakoff, director of the NYU Cancer Institute (2000 to 2008), followed with welcoming remarks. Dr. Burakoff pointed to his personal fortuitous connection to the Symposium: The famous immunologist, Michael Heidelberger, Charles father, who was known as the Father of Immunochemistry, trained Elvin Kabat while at Columbia, who trained Baruch Benacerraf, who moved from NYU to Harvard and subsequently became Burakoffs mentor. The renowned NYU Division of Immunology carries the name Michael Heidelberger because he spent more than 30 years in the Department of Pathology at the NYU School of Medicine after retiring from Columbia University.

Muggia, Franco M.; Peters, Godefridus J.; Landolph, Joseph R.

2013-01-01

301

AIBS: American Institute of Biological Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) is a nonprofit organization with the goal if spreading the latest biological information and research to a broad international audience. The AIBS also seek to improve biological education for all ages and professions.

302

Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences, based in the United Kingdom (UK) is a national and international research institute that offers research programmes on selected themes in mathematics and the mathematical sciences with applications in science and technology. Leading mathematical scientists from the UK and overseas interact in long-term research projects. This website links to completed papers from participants of Institute programmes. Previous participants are invited to submit new items to the series as they continue to post new articles.

303

Institutional Research's Role in Strategic Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Institutions that have organized and centralized their data enjoy an obvious advantage in grappling with strategic planning and other issues. As the drumbeat for accountability, planning, and demonstrating effectiveness to internal and external stakeholders intensifies, the stature and importance of institutional research offices on most campuses

Voorhees, Richard A.

2008-01-01

304

Planning, Designing and Managing Higher Education Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The OECD Programme on Educational Building, together with the Association of Higher Education Facilities Officers (APPA) and the OECD Programme on Institutional Management in Higher Education, organised an international conference on the planning, design and management of facilities for higher education institutions on April 24-27, 2005. The

Daigneau, William A.; Valenti, Mark S.; Ricciarini, Sylvana; Bender, Stephen O.; Alleyne, Nicole; Di Grappa, Michael; Duart, Josep M.; Lupianez, Francisco; Sanchez, Miguel Angel Ehrenzweig

2005-01-01

305

[Human resource capacity building on TB laboratory work for TB control program--through the experience of international TB laboratory training course for TB control at the Research Institute of Tuberculosis, JATA, Japan].  

PubMed

The international training course on TB laboratory work for national tuberculosis program (NTP) has been conducted at the Research Institute of Tuberculosis since 1975 funded by Japan International Cooperation Agency in collaboration with WHO Western Pacific Regional Office. The aim of the course is to train key personnel in TB laboratory field for NTP in resource-limited countries. The course has trained 265 national key personnel in TB laboratory service from 57 resource-limited countries in the last 33 years. The number of participants trained may sound too small in the fight against the large TB problem in resource-limited countries. However, every participant is playing an important role as a core and catalyst for the TB control program in his/her own country when they were back home. The curriculum is composed of technical aspects on TB examination, mainly sputum microscopy in addition since microscopy service is provided at many centers that are deployed in a widely spread area, the managerial aspect of maintaining quality TB laboratory work at the field laboratory is another component of the curriculum. Effective teaching methods using materials such as artificial sputum, which is useful for panel slide preparation, and technical manuals with illustrations and pictures of training procedure have been developed through the experience of the course. These manuals are highly appreciated and widely used by the front line TB workers. The course has also contributed to the expansion of EQA (External Quality Assessment) system on AFB microscopy for the improvement of the quality of TB laboratory service of NTP. The course is well-known for not only having a long history, but also for its unique learning method emphasizing "Participatory Training", particularly for practicum sessions to master the skills on AFB microscopy. The method in learning AFB microscopy, which was developed by the course, was published as a training manual by IUATLD, RIT and USAID. As it is mentioned, the course has been contributing to human resource capacity building including management of laboratory service to improve NTP in the resource-limited countries. Currently, expansion of technology transfer on culture examination for drug susceptibility test has been attempted to the resource-limited countries due to the occurrence of MDR-TB (Multi drug-resistant tuberculosis) and XDR-TB (Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis) cases. However, since sputum smear examination is most effective method of detection of infectious TB, the writers believe it is still a core component of TB control, unless a new diagnostic tool that is practicable and effective in the resource-limited countries is developed. Therefore the course will keep focused on the smear examination as the basic curriculum. The course is highly appreciated by international experts and it is our responsibility to answer the expectation from them. PMID:18634453

Fujiki, Akiko; Kato, Seiya

2008-06-01

306

The evolution of international policies and mechanisms to advance sustainable forest management and mitigate global climate change  

SciTech Connect

Scientific findings regarding global climate change and deforestation led industrialized nations to bring both issues to the forefront of an international dialogue on the environment. International institutional attention to deforestation began in 1985 with the Tropical Forestry Action Program which helped countries develop plans for sustainable forest management. A few years later, the International Tropical Timber Organization, though designed to facilitate tropical timber trade, adopted guidelines for sustainable management of tropical production forests. Next, the activities before and after UNCED established a general set of forest principles and regional efforts to define sustainable forest management. The World Bank has also sought to reduce past lending failures that led to deforestation and other environmental degradation, through programmatic redirections and macro-economic policy reforms. Finally, through innovative financial incentives, industrialized and developing countries are identifying opportunities to offset debts and increase economic development without depleting forest resources. Collectively, these efforts have let to some trends that support sustainable forest management and mitigate climate change. The upcoming years will see a proactive set of multilateral programs to address deforestation, an increasing link between trade and the environment, and more uses of financial incentives to encourage sustainable forest management.

Bologna, J.; Lyke, J.; Theophile, K. [USDA Forest Service, Washington, DC (United States). International Forestry Policy and Planning

1995-06-01

307

Insolation Effects on the Lunar Hydrogen Budget: Correlated Observations of the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter's LEND, LOLA and Diviner Instruments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this research we correlate the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter's (LRO), Diviner radiometer temperature maps that characterize the Moon's thermal environment with maps derived from the Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector (LEND) and Lunar Orbiting Laser Altimeter (LOLA). In previous research, we found evidence that the Moon's Hydrogen budget was broadly influenced by insolation effects. In that analysis we implemented a transformation of LOLA's topography maps, thereby isolating poleward-facing and equator-facing slopes. We then integrated the LEND epithermal neutron maps over these regions and found that the epithermal neutron count rates were significantly lower in poleward-facing slopes vs. equivalent equator-facing slopes, yielding a localized "epithermal contrast". This result suggests higher H / H2O concentrations in poleward-facing slopes vs. comparable equator-facing slopes. It is also consistent with findings in terrestrial and Martian environments indicating similar H / H2O slope contrasts. In support of that finding we determined that the epithermal neutron rates over east and west-facing slopes were as predicted equivalent. The above effects were also similar for both North and South Poles. Together, this support indicated surface insolation is an important factor governing the Moon's Hydrogen budget. Temperature effects of insolation are primarily a function of a cosine process a = i cos ?, which predicts the effective solar irradiation a, incident to a given surface as a function of its angular orientation ?, to the source solar irradiation, i. ? is locally a function of several variables including combined: seasonal, diurnal, topographic, latitude and regolith compositional effects which induces locally dependent and time variable temperature conditions. The Moons low obliquity and increased latitude predictably attenuate solar irradiation, which is well correlated with decreased near-surface temperatures towards the poles. Importantly, topographic variance is also a critical factor in ?, that influences a slopes relative orientation to the incident solar irradiation thus inducing localized illumination and temperature conditions. At a given lunar latitude, these factors yield a localized temperature continuum. The temperature differential or 'contrast' between localized poleward-facing and equator-facing slopes approximates the temperature range of this continuum. We extend this research by integrating the Diviner radiometer temperature maps to this analysis. In this effort we will perform a correlative analysis to identify and quantify the temperature contrast between pole-facing and equator-facing slopes used in the LEND analysis. This will allow us to determine the relative contribution of insolation factors e.g. latitude, slope degree and orientation to the poleward direction on epithermal neutron fluences and the Hydrogen budget.

McClanahan, T. P.; Mitrofanov, I.; Boynton, W. V.; Litvak, M.; Milikh, G. M.; Evans, L. G.; Starr, R. D.; Livengood, T. A.; Chin, G.; Harshman, K.; Droege, G.

2012-12-01

308

UNESCO Institute for Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1999, the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) was designed to meet both the needs of UNESCO Member States and to provide the international community with a wide range of statistical information in order to "analyze the efficiency and effectiveness of their programmes and to inform their policy decisions." The UIC is hosted by the University of Montreal, and performs work around four primary themes, including education, literacy, culture & communication, and science & technology. Overall, the site is a remarkable source of information, including databases, working papers, country profiles, statistical tables, and methodological material about the conduct of their research. Several of these works are featured prominently on their homepage including a working paper on financing the expansion of educational opportunity in Latin America and the Caribbean and an electronic questionnaire on science and technology.

309

National Institute of Informatics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Informatics is a field that is gaining importance around the globe, and the National Institute of Informatics (NII) in Japan seeks "to advance integrated research and development activities in information-related fields, including networking, software, and content." First-time visitors should note that most of the materials in the site can be located in sections such as "Research & Project" and "Services". Before delving into these areas, visitors may wish to take a look at the most recent issue of "NII Today" via the homepage. Afterwards, visitors should look over the "Research" area. Here they will find summaries of research projects, working papers, and information about their international partnerships. The "Services" area is well worth a look as it contains links to additional informatics databases that will be of use to scholars and students within the field.

310

Institute Study Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report documents a study conducted by the MSFC working group on Institutes in 1995 on the structure, organization and business arrangements of Institutes at a time when the agency was considering establishing science institutes. Thirteen institutes, ten science centers associated with the state of Georgia, Stanford Research Institute (SRI), and IIT Research Institute (IITRI), and general data on failed institutes were utilized to form this report. The report covers the working group's findings on institute mission, structure, director, board of directors/advisors, the working environment, research arrangements, intellectual property rights, business management, institute funding, and metrics.

Whitaker, Ann; Steadman, Jackie; Little, Sally; Underwood, Debra; Blackman, Mack; Simonds, Judy

1997-01-01

311

Institutional Priority for Diversity at Christian Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This evaluative study explored the relationship between institutional priority for diversity and minority enrollment at four schools within the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities, a consortium of Christian institutions. This institutional evaluation utilized public resources in order to gather descriptive data on minority enrollment

Paredes-Collins, Kristin

2009-01-01

312

Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) Observations with the Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector (LEND): Neutron Suppression Regions (NSR) and Polar Hydrogen  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Orbital detection of neutrons has become the dominant remote sensing technique for detecting and inferring H concentrations and its spatial distribution beneath planetary surfaces [Lawrence et al, (2010) Icarus, 205, pp. 195-209, Mitrofanov et al (2007) Science 297(5578), 78-81]. Indications for the presence of localized and relatively high water content was provided by LRO and LCROSS. LEND identified Cabeus, as the most promising LCROSS impact site [Mitrofanov I. et al. (2010) Science, 330, 483], and instruments onboard LRO and LCROSS have measured signatures of water, H2 and other volatiles in the impact plume [Colaprete A. et al. (2010) Science, 339,463, Gladstone R. et al. (2010) Science, 330, 472].

Chin, G.; Mitrofanov, I. G.; Boynton, W. V.; Golovin, D. V.; Evans, L. G.; Harshman, K.; Kozyrev, A. S.; Litvak, M. L.; McClanahan, T.; Milikh, G. M.; Sagdeev, R.; Sanin, A. B.; Shevchenko, V.; Shvetsov, V.; Smith, D.; Starr, R.; Trombka, J.; Zuber, M.

2011-01-01

313

Epithermal Neutron Observations and Lunar South Pole Targeting for LCROSS Impact Planning using the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO), Lunar Exploring Neutron Detector (LEND)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

LCROSS impact targeting and planning efforts included quantifying South Polar epithermal neutron flux depressions in early LEND mapped results to maximize the expected plume Hydrogen (H) yield. Epithermal neutron surface fluxes are a key geochemical indicator of surface Hydrogen (H) concentration inferred to be elevated in polar permanent shadow regions (PSR). LCROSS impact target regions were delineated as (PSR) using illumination modeling of polar topography. To quantify targets potential yield for LCROSS, LEND epithermal neutron flux observations were integrated over LCROSS targets of interest and compared to background observations. Discussion will define methods review impact prior estimates and contrast post impact results.

McClanahan, T. P.; Mitrofanov, I.; Boynton, W. V.; Chin, G.; Colaprete, A.; Evans, L. G.; Garvin, J.; Harshman, K.; Litvak, R.; Malakhov, A.; Milikh, G. M.; Nandikotkur, G.; Sagdeev, R.; Sanin, A. B.; Smith, D. E.; Starr, R. D.; Trombka, J.

2009-01-01

314

Strenghening Safeguards Authorities and Institutions  

SciTech Connect

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards system has changed in major ways from the establishment of the IAEA in 1957 until the present. Changes include strengthening the legal framework of safeguards; improvements in concepts and approaches for safeguards implementation; and significant improvements in the technical tools available to inspectors. In this paper, we explore three broad areas related to strengthening safeguards authorities and institutions: integrated safeguards and State-Level Approaches; special inspections; and NPT withdrawal and the continuation of safeguards.

Goodman,M.; Lockwood, d.; Rosenthal, M.D.; Tape, J.W.

2008-06-06

315

Paper for the IIM\\/LSE Workshop on Theory and Methods for Studying Organizational Processes: Institutional, Narrative, and Related Approaches (co-sponsored by the The International Public Management Network) 17 - 18 February 2005, London School of Economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines public management policymaking in Denmark in the period 1983-2005 using a historical-institutional perspective. Public management policymaking has revolved around three versions of a modernization programme. The Conservative-Liberal government launched the first \\

Niels Ejersbo; Carsten Greve

316

Institutional Arrangements for the Reduction of Proliferation Risks Formulation, Evaluation, and Implementation of Institutional Concepts. Appendices.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this supporting analysis is to provide a foundation for developing a model, an international or multinational institution capable of accomodating the back end of the fuel cycle, while meeting US nonproliferation goals. The analysis is based...

1979-01-01

317

Austin's Home Performance with Energy Star Program: Making a Compelling Offer to a Financial Institution Partner  

SciTech Connect

Launched in 2006, over 8,700 residential energy upgrades have been completed through Austin Energy's Home Performance with Energy Star (HPwES) program. The program's lending partner, Velocity Credit Union (VCU) has originated almost 1,800 loans, totaling approximately $12.5 million. Residential energy efficiency loans are typically small, and expensive to originate and service relative to larger financing products. National lenders have been hesitant to deliver attractive loan products to this small, but growing, residential market. In response, energy efficiency programs have found ways to partner with local and regional banks, credit unions, community development finance institutions (CDFIs) and co-ops to deliver energy efficiency financing to homeowners. VCU's experience with the Austin Energy HPwES program highlights the potential benefits of energy efficiency programs to a lending partner.

Zimring, Mark

2011-03-18

318

The Foundation-Institution Partnership: The Role of Institutionally Related Foundations in Public Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Institutionally related foundations have played a vital role in raising and managing private resources in support of public institutions of higher education. Unlike private grant-making foundations, college and university foundations are typically incorporated as public charities under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. Although they

Bass, David

2010-01-01

319

Co-ordination of the international network of nuclear structure and decay data evaluation. Summary report of a consultants' meeting held at the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Kuwait, 10-14 March 1990.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The IAEA Nuclear Data Section convened the ninth meeting of the international nuclear structure and decay data network at Kuwait, 10-14 March 1990. The meeting was attended by 19 scientists from 9 Member States and two international organizations, concern...

H. D. Lemmel

1991-01-01

320

Institutions, trade, and growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Countries with better institutions and countries that trade more grow faster. Countries with better institutions also tend to trade more. These three stylized facts have been documented extensively. Here we investigate the partial effects of institutions and trade on growth. We argue that cross-country regressions of the log-level of per capita GDP on instrumented measures of trade and institutional quality

David Dollar; Aart Kraay

2003-01-01

321

Knight Cancer Institute  

Cancer.gov

The Oregon Cancer Center was founded at Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU) in 1992. It became an NCI-designated Cancer Center in 1997. In 2001, the name was changed to the OHSU Cancer Institute. It was renamed the Knight Cancer Institute in 2008. The Institutes mission is to translate discoveries into better ways to diagnose, prevent, and treat cancer.

322

Testing of Lunar Permanently Shadowed Regions for Water Ice: LEND Results for about Three Years of Observations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Introduction: More than 50 years ago, it was sug-gested that some areas near the lunar poles are suffi-ciently cold to trap and preserve for a very long time (~Gy) hydrogen bearing volatiles, either primordial or produced at the Moon via solar wind interactions or brought to the Moon as water ice by comets and mete-oroids [1,2]. The results of observations made by radar onboard the Clementine spacecraft and by neutron (LPNS) and gamma-ray (LPGRS) spectrometers onboard the Lunar Prospector mission have been inter-preted as an enhancement of hydrogen abundance in permanently shadowed regions (PSRs) [3]. Unfortu-nately, the spatial resolution of these instruments were much broader than the size of any largest PSRs [4] requiring model dependent data deconvolution to res-lve signal from PSRs itself. Data Analysis: We would like to present updated results of analysis of Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector (LEND) data for about three years of lunar mapping. Data measured by collimated LEND detectors allows one to look at neutron flux distribution at Moon poles with much better spatial resolution then was achieved at previous space missions. Using the LEND data we had tested the hypothesis that all PSRs are contain a large amount of water ice permafrost and test for hydrogen presents in regolith of regions outside of PSRs. Discussion: Both analyses of individual PSRs and studies of groups of PSRs have shown that these spots of extreme cold at lunar poles are not associated with a strong effect of epithermal neutron flux suppression [5]. We found only three large PSRs, Shoemaker and Cabeus in the South and Rozhdestvensky U in the North, which manifest significant neutron suppression, from -5.5% to -14.9%. All other PSRs have much smaller suppression, no more than few percentages, if at all. Some PSRs even display excess of neutron emis-sion in respect to sunlit vicinity around them. Testing PSRs collectively, we have not found any average suppression for them. Only group of 18 large PSRs, with area >200 km2, show a marginal effect of small average suppression, ~2%, with low statistical confidence. A ~2% suppression corresponds to ~125 ppm of hydrogen taking into account the global neutron suppression near the lunar poles and assuming a homogeneous Hydrogen distribution in depth in the regolith [6]. References: [1] Arnold, J. R. (1979) JGR, 84, 5659-5668. [2] Watson, K., Murray B. C. and Brown H. (1961) JGR, 66, 3033-3045. [3] Feldman W. C. et al. (2001) JGR, 106, 23231-23252. [4] Maurice S. et al. (2004) JGR, 109, E07S04, 40 PP. [5] Mitrofanov I. G. et al. (2010) Science, 330, 483. [6] Sanin A.B. et al. (2012) JGR, 117, E00H26

Sanin, A.; Mitrofanov, I.; Litvak, M.; Boynton, W. V.; Chin, G.; Evans, L. G.; Garvin, J.; Golovin, D.; Harshman, K.; McClanahan, T. R.; Malakhov, A.; Milikh, G. M.; Sagdeev, R.; Starr, R. D.

2012-12-01

323

Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector (LEND) for NASA Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter: mapping of hydrogen with high spatial resolution and determination of neutron radiation environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

LEND parameters and design will be presented in correspondence with the main goals of this investigation: the mapping of lunar hydrogen with high special resolution and determination of neutron radiation environment on the Moon. To perform orbital measuring of neutron flux in wide energy range from thermal neutrons up to fast neutrons, the LEND instrument contain a set of nine neutron sensors. Most important part of the LEND is the Module of Collimation (MC) which consist of polyethylene and boron isotope 10B powder. The MC surrounds five neutron sensors of the instrument. Four of these sensors are high pressure 3He proportional counters covered by Cd-foil and one sensor is based on a organic scintillator crystal measures high energy neutrons with energy up to ~10 MeV. Collimator was designed such to define foot-print of 10 km diameter on the Lunar surface from the 50 km mapping orbit of the LRO spacecraft. Four additional 3He sensors mounted outside of MC are provide data about neutron environment on the LRO orbit. Two of these sensors measure thermal neutrons propagated parallel and anti-parallel to the LRO velocity vector. Two other 3He sensors mounted outside of MC provide data about thermal and epithermal neutron background onboard the spacecraft. Joint analysis of these two set of data helps to distinguish local onboard background and neutron emission from the Moon. Results of numerical simulation of LEND investigations will be also discussed together with the data from physical calibration measurements on the ground. Analysis of the first data of LEND at the lunar orbits will be presented, which demonstrate that instrument parameters correspond to the objectives of this investigations.

Sanin, A. B.; Mitrofanov, I. G.; Litvak, M. L.; Golovin, D.; Kozyrev, A.; Malakhov, A.; Mokrousov, M.; Tretyakov, V.; Vostrukhin, A.; Varenikov, A.; Milikh, G. M.; Sagdeev, R.; Nandikotkur, G.; Boynton, W. V.; Harshman, K.; Trombka, J.; McClanahan, T. P.; Chin, G.; Starr, R. D.; Evans, L. G.; Shvecov, V.; Shevchenko, V.

2009-12-01

324

Nutrition Planning and Policy for African Countries. Summary Report of a Seminar Held at the Institute for Development Studies (Nairobi, Kenya, June 2-19, 1976). Cornell International Nutrition Monograph Series, Number 5 (1977).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is the summary report of a seminar which was held in Kenya at the Institute for Development Studies of the University of Nairobi from June 2-19, 1976. The seminar was sponsored by USAID through a contract to Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. Ten English-speaking African countries, whose responsibilities are related to nutrition

Latham, Michael C., Ed.; Westley, Sidney B., Ed.

325

Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia: a report from the International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia updating the National Cancer Institute-Working Group 1996 guidelines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Standardized criteria for diagnosis and response assessment are needed to inter- pret and compare clinical trials and for approval of new therapeutic agents by regulatory agencies. Therefore, a Na- tional Cancer Institute-sponsored Work- ing Group (NCI-WG) on chronic lympho- cytic leukemia (CLL) published guidelines for the design and conduct of clinical trials for patients with CLL in 1988, which were

Michael Hallek; Bruce D. Cheson; Daniel Catovsky; Federico Caligaris-Cappio; Guillaume Dighiero; Hartmut Dohner; Peter Hillmen; Michael J. Keating; Emili Montserrat; Kanti R. Rai; Thomas J. Kipps

326

International Breast Cancer Screening Network (IBSN)  

Cancer.gov

International Cancer International Cancer Screening Network (ICSN) Screening Network (ICSN) Rachel Ballard-Barbash, MD, MPH for the NCI ICSN Team Applied Research Program National Cancer Institute Bethesda, MD USA http://appliedresearch.cancer.gov Background

327

Reviving the International Monetary Fund: concerns for the health of the poor.  

PubMed

Despite optimism about the potential for a "new economic order," the outcomes of the G20 summit of April 2009 do not deviate from the neoliberal path. The main outcome, the G20's commitment to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), does not change the lending practices and core economic assumptions of the IMF. Further, this new funding commitment will do little to help the poorest countries, as it is not available to them and comes with high interest. Institutions that more actively consider health, such as the World Bank and World Health Organization, may have failed to win resources and authority because they have not demonstrated how they could expand or modify their activities, and because of broader ideological debates pitting social protection against economic stimulus. Reforms in IMF practices and economic assumptions may provide some limited protection of health spending. These reforms can allow for inclusion of the benefits of health programs in economic forecasting, dismissal of the assumption that aid will be short-term, and removal of indirect limits on public sector health spending. These reforms in IMF practices are urgently needed, but fall short of making health and social protection an integral component of efforts promoting economic stability. PMID:19927415

Batniji, Rajaie

2009-01-01

328

NSTI Interns  

NASA Video Gallery

The NASA Science and Technology Institute for Minority Institutions, or NSTI-MI, was established in June 2006. The institute gives students and researchers the opportunity to collaborate with gover...

329

International Business Education: Identifying the Emergent Topics in International Business and Their Relevance for Knowledge Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sampled faculty in international business (IB) to better understand emerging themes in that area. Seven major topical areas were uncovered: general knowledge of IB, international trade and institutions, cross-cultural issues, managing global operations, international ethics, international monetary systems, and international political/regulatory

Yeoh, Poh-Lin

2001-01-01

330

International Lake Environment Committee  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Lake Environment Committee (ILEC) works to advance international cooperation for sustainable management of the world's lakes and reservoirs through the collection and provision of environmental data, the promotion of scientific research, and the promotion of interchange with government agencies and research institutes. The World Lake Database is particularly interesting and gives the user the ability to navigate to lakes around the world providing facts about each lake.

2008-11-18

331

Legal Information Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Cornell University's Law School has an international reputation for scholarly activity, and Scout Report readers will be glad to learn about the online resources afforded by its Legal Information Institute (LII). Founded in 1992 by co-directors Thomas R. Bruce and Peter W. Martin, the LII publishes electronic versions of "core materials in numerous areas of the law". Some of the key materials that users will find here include Supreme Court decisions, decisions of the U.S. Court of Appeals, decisions of the New York Court of Appeals, and the U.S. Code. For those more casual or first-time users, the site has a well-written introduction to basic legal citation and a lexicon of basic legal terms. The homepage of the site also features a selection of recent law events that have made the news, complete with hypertext links to the complete decisions. The "Law aboutâ¦" area is helpful, as visitors can browse around to find information about various sectors of law including enterprise law, criminal law, and constitutional law.

332

International Education/International Business: A Model for Cooperation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to strengthen cooperation among institutions of higher education and businesses with global connections in Silicon Valley, a project was undertaken by San Jose City College to compile a list of the internationally oriented business-related courses available at local institutions and identify existing gaps in the curricula. Information

Rookstool, Judy

333

National Institutes of Health  

Cancer.gov

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE 26th Meeting DIRECTORS CONSUMER LIAISON GROUP September 13-15, 2004 HOLIDAY INN SELECT BETHESDA 8120 Wisconsin Avenue Bethesda, Maryland 20814

334

Institutional plan. Fiscal year, 1997--2002  

SciTech Connect

The Institutional Plan is the culmination of Argonne`s annual planning cycle. The document outlines what Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) regards as the optimal development of programs and resources in the context of national research and development needs, the missions of the Department of Energy and Argonne National Laboratory, and pertinent resource constraints. It is the product of ANL`s internal planning process and extensive discussions with DOE managers. Strategic planning is important for all of Argonne`s programs, and coordination of planning for the entire institution is crucial. This Institutional Plan will increasingly reflect the planning initiatives that have recently been implemented.

NONE

1996-10-01

335

Institute of Materials, Minerals, and Mining  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute of Materials, Minerals, and Mining's website provides information about the institute's efforts to become a "leading international professional body for the advancement of materials, minerals, and mining to governments, industry, academia, the public and the professions." Researchers can learn about the Institute's main event of 2004, the Materials Congress, along with many other seminars and conferences. Students can discover scholarship opportunities, career opportunities, and more. Everyone can take advantage of the technical enquiry and the library-style assistance provided by the Materials Information Services.

336

NIPR: National Institute of Polar Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Institute of Polar Research introduces its comprehensive polar research and administration of the Japanese Antarctic Research Expeditions (JARE) at this website. Users can view data, satellite and photographic images, and descriptions of the Institute's many upper atmosphere physics, meteorology, geology, geomorphology, and oceanography investigations. The site describes the Institute's developments of heavy-duty over snow vehicles, a waste-heat recovery system, and other engineering initiatives that benefit JARE. Researchers can learn about NIPR's various publications, International Science Programs, and upcoming symposiums.

337

Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics (HIA) is the Institute within the NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL of Canada responsible for providing astronomical facilities, and developing related instrumentation and software for Canadian researchers. The Institute was established in 1975, and now operates 1.8 m and 1.2 m optical telescopes at the DOMINION ASTROPHYSICAL OBSERVATORY close to Victoria, BC, as we...

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

338

Salk Institute Cancer Center  

Cancer.gov

The Cancer Center at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies was established in 1970 and received its NCI designation in 1973. Today, the Cancer Center includes 32 faculty members, 185 postdoctoral researchers, and 66 graduate students. It accounts for about half of the Institutes research.

339

Internal Transfer and Articulation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1989, a descriptive study was conducted of internal transfer and articulation within the context of two-year branch campuses of four-year institutions. Data were gathered from a survey sent to the chief executive officers (CEO's) of 408 campuses delivering two-year tracks within a four-year college or university. Study findings, based on

Prager, Carolyn

340

International passive architectural survey  

SciTech Connect

An international survey of research, development, and demonstration in the passive solar design field was begun in October 1979 by the Solar Energy Reseach Institute's Passive Technology Program, and was completed in September 1980. Results will be available in late fall 1980.

Holtz, M. (Solar Energy Reseach Inst., Golden, CO); Diachok, D.; Shanks, D.

1980-01-01

341

Expert Working Group Report on International Organized Crime.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In January of 2010, the International Center of the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) assembled international experts and practitioners to assess the state of research on international organized crime (IOC). Two recent developments made this an opportun...

J. T. Picarelli

2010-01-01

342

The Institutional Framework for Food Regulation and Trade  

Microsoft Academic Search

The past twenty years has seen a remarkable change in the international environment in which farms and food firms operate. In a Conference devoted to the changes in the nature of food regulation and trade, it may be useful to review the new set of institutions and market structures that make up the international environment.1 This international environment has been

Tim Josling

2006-01-01

343

Regulating Consumer Lending  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to promulgate effective consumer credit regulation, policy makers must understand the supply and demand for consumer\\u000a credit as well as the economic and sociological benefits and detriments. After an explanation of each of these factors, the\\u000a article proposes legislation and regulation that will reduce the damage but allow nonsuspect transactions to continue to occur.

David A. Lander

344

Lending a Helping Hand  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Barrett Technology, Inc., of Cambridge, Massachusetts, received the 2003 Robotic Industries Association s Joseph Engelberger Award for Technology Leadership based on successful commercialization of its novel robotic manipulators. Designed for applications requiring superior adaptability, programmability, and dexterity, Barrett s devices provide state-of-the-art functionality and capability, as well as product integration with existing technology. The cutting-edge robotic manipulators originated through collaboration with NASA, the National Science Foundation, and the U.S. Air Force.

2003-01-01

345

International Water Law Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As clean water has increasingly become a resource subject to scarcity, international politics and law have become involved with the issues of access to and maintenance of water sources. This site provides comprehensive information on the subject, featuring full texts of the major diplomatic documents, including rules on international groundwaters and rivers agreed upon at UN conferences in Helsinki and Seoul, treaty drafts, regional agreements as well as international case law, an extensive bibliography, and links to related sites. The site was conceived and developed by Gabriel Eckstein in conjunction with The World's Water project of the Pacific Institute.

Eckstein, Gabriel.

346

Institute for Global Environmental Strategies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) is concerned with Earth science-related education, communication and outreach, and coordinating international Earth observation policy. IGES not only develops and implements educational programs for teachers and students, but also works closely with industry leaders, senior-level government representatives and decision makers throughout the world in the area of Earth observation. They have developed a group of learning activities entitled The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change, which are available on the Web for use in the classroom.

347

Teaching International Economics and Trade--Concepts in International Relations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this book is to introduce students to real-life issues in international economics. The sections of the book are: (1) The Advantages of Trade; (2) Judging NAFTA; (3) Does Globalization Benefit Poor Countries?; (4) Pocket Guide to International Financial Institutions; (5) What Do You Know about the WTO?; (6) Free Trade and Shifting

Starbird, Caroline; DeBoer, Dale; Pettit, Jenny

2004-01-01

348

Bank for International Settlements  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Bank for International Settlements (BIS), a creation of the Hague Conference of 1930, is "a[n international] central banking institution" whose aim is "to promote the co-operation of central banks and to provide additional facilities for international financial operations." Its web site provides a detailed profile of BIS, along with its basic texts and charters. However, the power of the site is its publication section, a small but growing list of full text publications (Adobe Acrobat [.pdf] format only), highlighted by the quarterly International Banking and Financial Market Developments, a "commentary on recent developments in international banking, securities and global derivatives markets based on partial information available for the [most recent quarter] and on more detailed banking data for [the previous quarter]." The site also contains BIS Review, "a collection of important articles and speeches by senior central bankers."

1997-01-01

349

International capital flows and the returns to safe assets in the United States 2003-2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

A broad array of domestic institutional factors including problems with the originate-to-distribute model for mortgage loans, deteriorating lending standards, deficiencies in risk management, conflicting incentives for the government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs), and shortcomings of supervision and regulation were the primary sources of the US housing boom and bust and the associated financial crisis. In addition, the extended rise in US house

B. S. Bernanke

2011-01-01

350

International capital flows and the returns to safe assets in the United States, 2003-2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

A broad array of domestic institutional factors--including problems with the originate-to-distribute model for mortgage loans, deteriorating lending standards, deficiencies in risk management, conflicting incentives for the GSEs, and shortcomings of supervision and regulation--were the primary sources of the U.S. housing boom and bust and the associated financial crisis. In addition, the extended rise in U.S. house prices was likely also

Ben S. Bernanke; Carol Bertaut; Laurie Pounder DeMarco; Steven Kamin

2011-01-01

351

International Cooperation: A Positive Response.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conditions for developing international university cooperation are identified, along with stages of international cooperation in education. Guidelines to promote cooperation are provided. The dominant focus and new role of universities has become problem-solving and community development, as distinct from the previous institutional-building

Soria, Oscar

352

International Education and the University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 15 essays discusses the integration of international education into higher education, focusing on the role of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and specific international education programs and activities at various institutions. Essays include: (1) "UNESCO's Approaches to Prompting

Calleja, James, Ed.

353

Teacher Enhancement Institute  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During the 1980's, a period of intense concern over educational quality in the United States, few indicators of U.S. student achievement garnered the interest of policy makers and pundits as successfully as the results of international testing in mathematics and science. This concern was so great that as a part of the Goals 2000 initiative, President George Bush indicated that 'By the year 2000, U.S. students should be first in the world in mathematics and science.' The Clinton Administration is placing a major emphasis, not only on rigorous academic standards and creating a new system for assessing students' progress, but also including professional development as a major focus. The argument being that teachers need more sustained, intensive training to prepare them to teach to higher standards. Executive order 12821 mandates that national laboratories 'assist in the mathematics and science education of our Nation's students, teachers, parents and the public by establishing programs at their agency to provide for training elementary and secondary school teachers to improve their knowledge of mathematics and science'. These and other issues led to the development of ideas for a project that addresses the need for excellence in mathematics, science and technology instruction. In response to these initiatives the NASA/LaRC Teacher Enhancement Institute was proposed. The TEI incorporated systemic reform perspectives, enhanced content knowledge for teachers, and teacher preparation. Emphasis was also placed on recruiting those educators who teach in impoverished urban school districts with at-risk student populations who have been traditionally under represented in science, mathematics, technology and engineering. Participants in the Teacher Enhancement Institute were 37 teachers from grades K-8, teaching in Region 2 in the state of Virginia, as well as 2 preservice teachers from Norfolk State University and one teacher from Dublin, Virginia, where a Science/Mathematics model school has been established. Teachers selected for this project represented school systems where income levels are extremely low, and students served tend not to receive innovative instruction in mathematics and science and their use of technology is limited. The Teacher Enhancement Institute contained several features, that when combined, allowed for a unique experience. Some of these features included local teachers, administrators and school board members as presenters, instruction and use of technology every day, tours of select features of the research facility, briefings by NASA/LaRC scientists, engineers and researchers as well as individuals from the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF). Another unique feature of this program is to have participants convene on three separate occasions throughout the academic year to discuss strategies for information dissemination and implementation results. Teachers' attitudes towards the use of technology, their ability to develop lessons using technology and their ability to develop lessons using information obtained through TEI were assessed using instruments developed by TEI summer faculty members. Data from these instruments were analyzed and reported in a final report submitted to the director of the Office of Education.

Marshall-Bradley, Tina

1994-01-01

354

Institutional report - Assisted circulation Association between prothrombin activation fragment (F1.2), cerebral ischemia (S-100b) and international normalized ratio (INR) in patients with ventricular assisted devices ?? ?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prothrombin time, expressed as international normalized ratio (INR) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), are standard methods of monitoring coumadin and heparin administration. Prothrombin activation fragment (F1.2) is an index of in vivo thrombin generation. We hypothesized that F1.2 would provide a better surrogate of thromboembolism risk than standard coagulation assays during ventricular assist device (VAD) support. INR, PTT and

Ashish Joshi; Laurence S. Magder; Zachary Kon; Seeta Kallam; Michael Kwon; Rupali Sangrampurkar; Richard Pierson; Robert Poston

2010-01-01

355

Ranking of Russian Higher Education Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers some patterns of ranking higher education institutions which are used in the Russian Federation to reveal strengths and weaknesses in meeting the national individual, societal and state-related needs, as well as those of the international academic community concerning relevant information on Russian higher education

Pokholkov, Yuri P.; Chuchalin, Alexander I.; Agranovich, Boris L.; Mogilnitsky, Sergey B.

2007-01-01

356

Psychotherapeutic Training in an Institutional Setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many child and adolescent psychotherapists are asked to work in specialized institutions (where the children are either interns or externs), with children presenting behaviour problems, learning difficulties, mental handicap or important psychosocial problems. They learn through diverse treatment forms, or parent accompaniment during the childs treatment (bifocal or conjoint treatment more or less regular therapeutic sessions with both parents and

W. Bettschart

1990-01-01

357

D. Institutional Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Within the idea of global administrative law, institutions are playing a major role. While it is certainly not helpful to\\u000a confine global administrative law to global administration in the sense of a limitation to institutional matters, it is indispensable\\u000a to take a closer look on the existing institutional framework, its problems and its potential. This analysis takes the traditional\\u000a public

Matthias Ruffert; Sebastian Steinecke

358

Sustainability, Institutions and Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is about how to facilitate sustainability, arguing that it is important to undertake changes in the institutional\\u000a structures governing economic activity. The basic question concerns which logic or rationality is fostered by prevailing institutions\\u000a and which changes in these should be facilitated. Two integrated arguments are put forward: Sustainability demands a shift\\u000a from separating to integrating institutions and

Arild Vatn

359

Detection: International update, and some emerging di-lemmas involving calibration, the blank, and multiple detection decisions 1 Contribution of the National Institute of Standards and Technology; not subject to copyright. 1 2 Based on an invited lecture at the International Conference on Environmetrics and Chemometrics (Las Vegas, September 1995). 2  

Microsoft Academic Search

Detection and quantification capabilities represent fundamental performance characteristics of measurement processes, yet there have been decades of confusion and miscommunication regarding the underlying concepts and terminology. New, coordinated documents prepared by the International organization for standardization (ISO) [1] and the International union of pure and applied chemistry (IUPAC) [2] promise to alleviate this situation by providing, for the first time,

L. A. Currie

1997-01-01

360

1. Strengthening International Regulation Through Transnational New Governance: Overcoming the Orchestration Deficit. 2. International Regulation without International Government: Improving IO Performance through Orchestration  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. A new kind of international regulatory system is spontaneously arising out of the failure of international 'Old Governance' (i.e., treaties and intergovernmental organizations) to adequately regulate international business. Nongovernmental organizations, business firms, and other actors, singly and in novel combinations, are creating innovative institutions to apply transnational norms to business. These institutions are predominantly private and operate through voluntary

Kenneth W. Abbott; Duncan Snidal

2010-01-01

361

Internal Bleeding  

MedlinePLUS

... Caregivers > Injuries and Poisoning > First Aid 4 Internal Bleeding Heavy internal bleeding may occur in the abdominal cavity, chest cavity, ... femur) and pelvis, that are broken. Initially, internal bleeding may cause no symptoms, although an injured organ ...

362

Engagement and Institutional Advancement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research suggests that institutional commitment to community engagement can be understood by examining levels of student, faculty, and community involvement in engagement; organizational structure, rewards, and campus publications supporting engagement; and compatibility of an institution's mission with this work (Holland, 1997). Underlying all of

Weerts, David; Hudson, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

363

Observing in Institutions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document offers guidelines for observing the nature of life in a variety of closed institutions (state mental hospitals and state schools). An initial section offers guidelines for asking questions, conducting evaluation, and making observations while visiting institutions. The remainder of the document lists questions for 17 areas: building

Bogdan, Robert; Taylor, Steven J.

364

National Institutes of Health  

Cancer.gov

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE 23RD Meeting DIRECTORS CONSUMER LIAISON GROUP March 13, 2003 2:00 p.m. - 5:00 p.m. EST TELECONFERENCE- AGENDA 2:00 P.M. - 2:05 P.M. I. Welcome and

365

Individual and Institutional Integrity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses integrity and institutional conscience in treating individuals, policy decisions, and daily functioning of institutions of higher education. Recommends "Applied Ethics in Student Services" (Canon & Brown, 1985), which focuses on respecting autonomy, doing no harm, benefiting others, being just, and being faithful. Reports preambles to

Barr, Margaret J.

1987-01-01

366

Institutions and Deep Integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper explains why institutions matter for a deep integration process, as illustrated by the liberalization of Non-Tariff Barriers (NTBs) in Europe. We argue that deep trade liberalization requires supranational institutions of deeper integration that permit enforcement, surveillance, and adjudication. To support the claim, we develop a simple model showing why mutual recognition of norms and testing procedures, coupled with

Alberto Amurgo Pacheco

2006-01-01

367

Institutional Inbreeding Reexamined.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from the 1977 Survey of the American Professoriate were used to examine the relationship among institutional origin, productivity, and institutional rewards. When an adjustment was made for time allocation, inbred faculty were found to be more productive but are paid significantly less than noninbred faculty. (Author/BW)

Wyer, Jean C.; Conrad, Clifton F.

1984-01-01

368

Salk Institute: Videos  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Salk Institute was founded in 1960 by the late Jonas Salk and to this day researchers there investigate cancer, aging, Alzheimer's, diabetes, and infectious diseases. The Institute's media and press relations team is actively involved with publicizing various works and accomplishments, to which end this site allows public access to videos created at the Institute. The videos here are divided into seven sections, including Diabetes and Metabolism, Plant Biology, and AIDS. Each of these sections includes videos that feature researchers and others talking about everything from new insights into cell aging to how the common cold virus might be used to target and disrupt cancer cells. Perhaps the most remarkable section here is titled Institute Videos. This section includes videos on the relationship between art and science, along with profiles of the glassworks of Dale Chihuly that reside at the Institute.

2012-01-01

369

Intercomparison of Optical Frequencies at 473 THz of 127I2-stabilized He-Ne Lasers from the Swedish National Testing and Research Institute and the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An account is given of an intercomparison of the optical frequencies of I2-stabilized He-Ne lasers at 473 THz (633 nm) performed at the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM), Svres, France during June 12-16, 1989. The lasers, SP1 and BIPM2, belong to SP, Bors, Sweden and BIPM, respectively. It was found in a matrix of frequency difference measurements that laser SP1 differed in optical frequency from laser BIPM2 by + 8,0 kHz, with a standard deviation of 1,6 kHz and at a one-way intracavity power of 23,7 mW for laser SP1 and 8,3 mW for laser BIPM2. The reproducibility of the laser SP1 frequency was estimated to be +/- 20 kHz.

Pendrill, L. R.; Chartier, J.-M.; Frennberg, M.; Robertsson, L.

1991-01-01

370

34 CFR 658.10 - For what kinds of projects does the Secretary assist institutions of higher education?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...higher education, or a partnership between a nonprofit...undergraduate instruction in international studies and foreign...institutions, consortia, or partnerships seeking to create...studies, and other international fields. (b) The...studies or international health. (Authority:...

2010-07-01

371

34 CFR 660.1 - What is the International Research and Studies Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...f) Comparative studies of the effectiveness of strategies to provide international capabilities at institutions...international information, materials, research, teaching strategies, and testing techniques throughout the...

2010-07-01

372

Linking Student Evaluations to Institutional Goals: A Change Story  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past 30?years, beginning with the seminal work of Herbert Marsh in Australia and New Zealand, institutions of higher education have developed internal practices and procedures to collect and analyse student evaluations of teaching and learning. However, the question remains: has this development resulted in the achievement of institutional

Palermo, Josephine

2013-01-01

373

Terrorism financing and the threat to financial institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore countering the financing of terrorism and its impact on financial institutions. Design\\/methodology\\/approach Actual examples of terrorist financing are considered, as well as the international and Canadian framework for financial institutions. Findings The system for countering the financing of terrorism can be improved to lower costs and risks to

Jeffrey Simser

2011-01-01

374

Holography at the Butler Institute of American Art  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Butler Institute of American Art is the first museum in the country to focus on American art. Since 2003 there has been a continuious showing of international holographic artists at the Butler Art Institute, perhaps more then any other single museum. This paper will catalog these exhibits with ccommentary from the artists and staff of the Butler.

Cvetkovich, Thomas

2013-02-01

375

The Franklin Institute Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Franklin Institute was founded in 1824 by a group of Philadelphians in order to train artisans and mechanics in the fundamentals of science, but has since transformed itself into a science museum and research institute that also awards the Franklin Institute and Bower Awards annually. The Institute's Web site contains a host of information on their current and upcoming exhibits, which include substantial sections devoted to the mechanics and workings of trains, environmental science, and human physiology. The site also features the Inquiry Attic, where visitors can read brief profiles of scientific instruments in the Institute's collection, such as early X-ray machines and a tabulating machine used to conduct the United States Census in the 19th century. Perhaps the best online exhibit on the Institute's Web pages is the one devoted to the Wright Brothers, which features silent film footage of the Bergdoll 1911 Model B Flyer in flight and photographs of the many engineering objects given to the Institute by the Wright Brothers. Visitors can also read another feature, Braindrops, which feature small tidbits of scientific information updated daily.

376

National Teacher Training Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the portal for NTTI (the National Teacher Training Institute), an organization established to train teachers in the use of emerging technologies. NTTI was founded by WNET-TV, New York, to help teachers use video as a meaningful tool in the classroom. It consists of 15 regional institutes where master teachers are trained to conduct Institute workshops and create standards-based multimedia lessons. Resources available on the web site include a database of lesson plans, tips on internet utilization strategies, and listings of upcoming workshops.

2009-08-18

377

78 FR 31574 - Welded Stainless Steel Pressure Pipe From Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam; Institution of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [Investigation Nos. 731-TA-1210-1212 (Preliminary...Vietnam; Institution of Antidumping Duty Investigations and Scheduling of Preliminary Phase Investigations AGENCY: United States...

2013-05-24

378

77 FR 70185 - Silica Bricks and Shapes From China; Institution of an Antidumping Duty Investigation and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [Investigation No. 731-TA-1205 (Preliminary...Institution of an Antidumping Duty Investigation and Scheduling of a Preliminary Phase Investigation AGENCY: United States...

2012-11-23

379

76 FR 43343 - Large Power Transformers From Korea; Institution of Antidumping Duty Investigation and Scheduling...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [Investigation No. 731-TA-1189 (Preliminary...Korea; Institution of Antidumping Duty Investigation and Scheduling of a Preliminary Phase Investigation AGENCY: United States...

2011-07-20

380

78 FR 44969 - Ferrosilicon From Russia and Venezuela; Institution of Antidumping Duty Investigations and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [Investigation No. 731-TA-1224-1225 (Preliminary...Venezuela; Institution of Antidumping Duty Investigations and Scheduling of Preliminary Phase Investigations. AGENCY: United States...

2013-07-25

381

Prospective evaluation of 2 acute graft-versus-host (GVHD) grading systems: a joint Socit Franaise de Greffe de Molle et Thrapie Cellulaire (SFGM-TC), Dana Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI), and International Bone Marrow Transplant Registry (IBMTR) prospective study.  

PubMed

The most commonly used grading system for acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) was introduced 30 years ago by Glucksberg; a revised system was developed by the International Bone Marrow Transplant Registry (IBMTR) in 1997. To prospectively compare the 2 classifications and to evaluate the effect of duration and severity of aGVHD on survival, we conducted a multicenter study of 607 patients receiving T-cell-replete allografts, scored weekly for aGVHD in 18 transplantation centers. Sixty-nine percent of donors were HLA-identical siblings and 28% were unrelated donors. The conditioning regimen included total body irradiation in 442 (73%) patients. The 2 classifications performed similarly in explaining variability in survival by aGVHD grade, although the Glucksberg classification predicted early survival better. There was less physician bias or error in assigning grades with the IBMTR scoring system. With either system, only the maximum observed grade had prognostic significance for survival; neither time of onset nor progression from an initially lower grade of aGVHD was associated with survival once maximum grade was considered. Regardless of scoring system, aGVHD severity accounted for only a small percentage of observed variation in survival. Validity of these results in populations receiving peripheral blood transplants or nonmyeloablative conditioning regimens remains to be tested. PMID:15878974

Cahn, Jean-Yves; Klein, John P; Lee, Stephanie J; Milpied, Nol; Blaise, Didier; Antin, Joseph H; Leblond, Vronique; Ifrah, Norbert; Jouet, Jean-Pierre; Loberiza, Fausto; Ringden, Olle; Barrett, A John; Horowitz, Mary M; Soci, Grard

2005-08-15

382

INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH IN SUPPORT OF STUDENT AND INSTITUTIONAL SUCCESS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the role of institutional researchers in support of student and institutional success. Specifically, Williford addresses the question of whether institutional researchers should advocate for student success. Prior literature in the field of institutional research is largely silent on the subject of advocacy. With the help of several case studies undertaken by the Office of Institutional Research at

A. Michael Williford

383

Performance of Financial Institutions Conference Proceedings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Wharton Financial Institutions Center at the University of Pennsylvania has made available the proceedings from a conference on financial institutions held May 8-10, 1997. Twenty-two papers (Adobe Acrobat [.pdf] format only) are available in seven different banking topics, including risk and regulation, structural and managerial explanations, insurance performance, and international performance comparison. In addition, the WFIC Working Paper Library contains other selected Wharton conference proceedings, as well as selected working papers back to 1994. Print copies are available for a fee. Links to the Acrobat Reader are also available from this site.

1997-01-01

384

7 CFR 240.8 - Payments to program schools, service institutions, nonresidential child care institutions and...  

...service institutions, nonresidential child care institutions and commodity schools. ...service institutions, nonresidential child care institutions and commodity schools. ...service institutions and nonresidential child care institutions, as applicable. Funds...

2014-01-01

385

Liquid Crystal Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Liquid Crystal Institute website provides information on the interdisciplinary research and development of liquid crystal optoelectronic materials, technology, and consumer products. It provides basic information on what liquid crystals are as well as how they are made and used.

Institute, Liquid C.

2003-10-10

386

NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE  

Cancer.gov

NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE BOARD OF SCIENTIFIC ADVISORS Ad hoc Working Group Cancer Biomedical Informatics Grid (caBIG) Program ROSTER Califano, Andrea, Ph.D. (Chair) Director, Center for the Multiscale Analysis of Genetic Networks Professor

387

Critical Materials Institute  

SciTech Connect

Ames Laboratory Director Alex King talks about the goals of the Critical Materials Institute in diversifying the supply of critical materials, developing substitute materials, developing tools and techniques for recycling critical materials, and forecasting materials needs to avoid future shortages.

Alex King

2013-01-09

388

Florida Mental Health Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Florida Mental Health Institute, dedicated to research, training and program development for improving psychological wellbeing, has four main divisions: Aging and Mental Health, Child and Family Studies, Community Mental Health, and Mental Health Law and Policy.

389

FPG Child Development Institute  

MedlinePLUS

... 2014 FPG Works to Improve Child Addiction and Mental Health Outcomes in Canada June 26, 2014 Project CONNECT ... Porter Graham Child Development Institute The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill CB 8180, ...

390

Winship Cancer Institute  

Cancer.gov

The Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University (Winship) was established in 1937. Winship became an NCI-designated cancer center in 2009 and is the first and only NCI-designated cancer center in the state of Georgia.

391

National Cancer Institute Grants  

Cancer.gov

National Cancer Institute Office of Grants Administration (OGA) OGA Organization OGA Organizational Chart OGA Staff & Mailing Adresses Office of the Director and Cancer Divisions The NCI Grants Process Book - 2005 Edition (PDF 2.99 MB) Grant Funding

392

Institute for Justice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1991, the Institute for Justice is concerned with protecting civil liberties around the United States, and is currently involved in a number of projects, including investigating the use and application of eminent domain laws and the issue of free speech in the state of Washington. The Institute's homepage provides a good place to start exploring the content offered within their site, as visitors can peruse its in-house publications, such as the newsletter, _Liberty & Law_, and a report on eminent domain titled, "Public Power, Private Gain." Of course, visitors can also learn about the Institute's ongoing and completed cases and they may also learn about job opportunities with the Institute and its programs for undergraduates and law students.

393

Critical Materials Institute  

ScienceCinema

Ames Laboratory Director Alex King talks about the goals of the Critical Materials Institute in diversifying the supply of critical materials, developing substitute materials, developing tools and techniques for recycling critical materials, and forecasting materials needs to avoid future shortages.

Alex King

2013-06-05

394

NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE  

Cancer.gov

Associate Director Prevention and Control Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center Deputy Director, Institute for Public Health Chief, Division of Public Health Sciences Department of Surgery Washington University School of Medicine St.

395

Advanced Manufacturing Institute.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary objective of the Advanced Manufacturing Institute (AMI) at Stevens is to increase American industry's competitiveness through the development, validation, and implementation of concurrent engineering techniques in strategically targeted areas ...

S. Manoochehri C. Chassapis

2001-01-01

396

Stanford Cancer Institute  

Cancer.gov

The Stanford Cancer Institute at Stanford University was founded in 2003 and received its NCI designation in 2007. The Center is a consortium cancer center in formal partnership with the Cancer Prevention Institute of California. The Centers research efforts are focused on improving the diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes for cancer patients, understanding cancer etiologies among diverse populations, and reducing the incidence of cancer.

397

Forests, discourses, institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The leading question of this Forest Policy and Economics special issue is whether, how and to what extent forest governance processes can be better understood by means of discourse analysis and the science-policy interface. This article focuses on discourses only, but it does so from an institutional perspective. The reasons to advocate this so-called discursive-institutional approach are threefold: (1) to

Bas Arts; Marleen Buizer

2009-01-01

398

34 CFR 658.32 - What additional criteria does the Secretary apply to institutional applications?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...UNDERGRADUATE INTERNATIONAL STUDIES AND FOREIGN LANGUAGE PROGRAM How Does the Secretary Make...in international studies and foreign languages at the applicant institution; (ii...applicant's plans to improve or expand language instruction. (c) Need for and...

2013-07-01

399

77 FR 13631 - Drawn Stainless Steel Sinks From China; Institution and Scheduling of Preliminary Phase...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [Investigation Nos. 701-TA-489 and 731-TA-1201...Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Investigations AGENCY: United States International...gives notice of the institution of investigations and commencement of preliminary...

2012-03-07

400

Nano Science and Technology Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Nano Science and Technology Institute (NSTI) is chartered with the promotion and integration of nano and other advanced technologies through education, technology and business development. NSTI accomplishes this mission through its offerings of membership services, continuing education programs, scientific and business publishing and community outreach. NSTI produces the annual Nanotech conference and trade show, the most comprehensive international nanotechnology convention in the world. NSTI also produces the semi-annual Nanotech Venture, Nanotech Industrial Impact Workshop, Nano Impact Summit and the Nanotech Course Series in the US and Europe. NSTI was founded in 1997 as a result of the merger between various scientific societies, and is headquartered in Cambridge, Massachusetts with additional offices in California and Switzerland.

2008-12-03

401

New institutional accounting and IFRS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews recent advances from the institutional economics and accounting literature to help build a nascent framework for new institutional accounting (NIA) research. The framework has five basic elements: (i) institutional structure (formal vs. informal); (ii) level of analysis (macro institutions vs. micro organisations); (iii) causation (exogenous vs. endogenous institutions); (iv) interdependencies (complementarities); and (v) efficient vs. inefficient outcomes.

Peter Wysocki

2011-01-01

402

Dealing with Diversity in Internationalised Higher Education Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the economic benefits created by international education export are well documented, few systematic and qualitative analysis studies have been conducted to examine how academic staff perceive the presence of international students in their institutions. Using interview data from 80 academic staff from different disciplines in one higher

Sawir, Erlenawati

2011-01-01

403

CIPAIR Interns  

NASA Video Gallery

CIPAIR assists two- and four-year minority institutions with strengthening their science, technology, engineering and mathematics academic fields and technical programs. Funding is used to increase...

404

LE CREDIT AGRICOLE AUX PETITS EXPLOITANTS DANS LES PAYS EN VOIE DE DEVELOPPEMENT \\/ LENDING TO SMALL FARMERS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of credit for small farmers in emerging countries has been discussed in a world conference especially organized by F.A.O. at its head-quarters in Rome from 14-21 October, with more than one hundred national delegations and representatives of international bodies present. After having recognized the state of backwardness and economic and social emargination of more than 600 million people

Arnaldo Mauri

1975-01-01

405

Carnegie Institution for Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Andrew Carnegie was known for his philanthropy, and in 1895 he contributed his vast wealth to creating 22 various organizations that still bear his name. In 1901 he created what became known as the Carnegie Institution for Science with an initial gift of $10 million. Over the past century, the Institution has continued to support a wide range of scientific endeavors, and researchers such as Edwin Hubble, Barbara McClintock, and Andrew Fire have been associated with this august organization. On their first-rate site, visitors can browse through sections that profile their various departments (which include embryology and global ecology), read their latest reports, and view an interactive calendar of events sponsored by the Institute. Visitors with a scholarly bent will want to browse on over to the "Publications/Archives" section. Here they will find the Institute's annual report, listings of their books in prints, and a wide selection of online books. The online offerings span the past five decades, and visitors can view everything from "Ceramics for the Archaeologist" to "How Galaxies Rotate". Those persons looking for specific information about the Institution's academic departments would do well to click on through to the "Departments" area to learn more about fellowships, employment opportunities, and recent and forthcoming conferences.

406

The Aspen Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Aspen Institute was founded by Walter Paepcke, a Chicago businessman, in 1950 after he was inspired by the natural beauty of Aspen, Colorado. The basic mission of the Institute is "to foster enlightened leadership, the appreciation of timeless ideas and values, and open-minded dialogue on contemporary issues." With locations around the United States and various partner locations in Europe and Japan, the Institute sponsors a number of ongoing seminars, policy programs, and leadership initiatives. While the site does provide information on seminars and the like, most visitors interested in public policy will want to move to the section that describes the Institute's policy programs. Thematically, they include groups devoted to exploring communication and society, the nonprofit sector, and economic opportunities, to name but a few. Within each theme, users can learn about the staff members working on each project, and download a number of working papers and reports on these respective subjects. The site is rounded out with materials on employment opportunities at the Institute and an online bookstore of publications from the organization.

407

The Freudenthal Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Freudenthal Institute is part of Utrecht University in the Netherlands and conducts research on math education. The goals are "to understand and improve the teaching of arithmetic and mathematics at all levels, but particularly in kindergarten, primary, secondary and vocational education." The Freudenthal Institute has developed a theoretical approach known as Realistic Mathematics Education, which is based on the idea that "education should guide the students towards using opportunities to reinvent mathematics by doing it themselves." Through a collaboration with the Wisconsin Center for Education Research (WCER), at the University Wisconsin-Madison, the Freudenthal Institute - USA(FiUS) focuses on: Supporting teacher development of classroom assessment, designing comparative achievement studies, developing curricula and materials for students, teachers and parents, building leadership capacity in school districts through professional communities, and collaboration in education (e.g. supervising PhD-students). Teachers are often involved in co-developing classroom materials and assessments. The Freudenthal Institute also offers the Reken Web, which is available in English as well as Dutch, German, Portuguese and Spanish and provides numerous math games which can be browsed or selected by age group (ages 5 - 12). A significant amount of the institute's publications are available online. Additional publications and resources are available for purchase, some in Dutch and English.

408

Electric Power Research Institute fuel cell status  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The R&D efforts of the Electric Power Research Institute in the field of fuel cell (FC) development are discussed, with special attention given to the first-generation phosphoric acid FC (PAFC), the internal reforming molten carbonate FC (IR-MCFC), and the solid oxide FC. The electrolytes used in the these systems, the FC characteristics, and their applications are described, and the key issues for commercialization are identified.

Goldstein, R. H.; Rastler, D. M.

1988-10-01

409

Institute of Development Studies Research on Globalisation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute of Development Studies (IDS) is an internationally known center for development research and study located in Bristol, England. The Globalisation team creates policy-related research and advisory agendas focused on "spreading the gains of globalisation" to all people equally. Be sure to explore the Recent Highlights section of the Website, which contains excellent briefs on the Globalisation team's current research. The Current Activities section of the site explains the team's current research interests in fascinating, easy-to-understand language.

410

Exploratorium: Teacher Institute: Podcasts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by science teachers for science teachers, the Teacher Institute Podcasts are five-minute podcasts that give educators science facts, science history, and pedagogy tips for new teachers. The podcasts are hosted by the Exploratorium in San Francisco, and support for the project comes from the National Science Foundation, The Noyce Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, and others. Visitors can browse through the podcast series, and they will find thoughtful and fun suggestions on how to make a straw oboe, how to better manage the classroom, and how to build a Brazilian instrument called the cuica. Also, visitors can read up on the Teacher's Institute's summer institute program for science educators and also sign up to receive new podcasts via iTunes or RSS.

411

USC Shoah Foundation Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of the University of Southern California's Shoah Foundation Institute is "to overcome prejudice, intolerance, and bigotry-and the suffering they cause-through the educational use of the Institute's visual history testimonies." On their homepage, visitors can watch testimonies from Holocaust survivors and others, along with learning more about their "Featured Resources". These resources include the Education Portal, which brings together lesson plans for teaching about the Holocaust and guidelines for using primary documents in the classroom. Scholars and others will appreciate the "Scholarship & Research" area which includes information on upcoming conferences, research stipends offered through the Institute, and events. Also, it is worth noting that the site also has many resources in other languages, including German, Spanish, French, Italian, Polish, and Russian.

412

Birmingham Civil Rights Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Birmingham Civil Rights Institute takes its visitors on a journey moving from the nation's segregation era to the birth of the Civil Rights Movement. The Institute's historic galleries capture the spirit and courage of countless individuals who dared to confront the "bigotry and racial discrimination of American society." This site provides a range of exhibitions (both permanent and traveling) that will peak the interest of anyone interested in learning more about American history and historical art form during the 1950s and 1960s. The Birmingham Civil Rights Institute is more than an online museum; it is a place that promotes research and provides education and discussion regarding civil and human rights issues in America and around the world.

1998-01-01

413

Ascend: Aspen Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Ascend initiative at the Aspen Institute is "a hub for breakthrough ideas and collaborations that move children and their parents toward educational success and economic security." The folks at the Aspen Institute are focused on taking a "two-generation approach" to their work. This idea is outlined in areas that include Our Strategies, The Two-Generation Approach, Resources, and About Us. In the Our Strategies area, visitors can learn about the network the Aspen Institute is building to support the initiative, upcoming events, and related news and media coverage. The Resources area includes documents, fact sheets, and other publications that include "Analyzing Social Capital in Context" and "At What Cost? How Student Debt Reduces Lifetime Wealth." Finally, visitors should read the Two-Generation Approach to learn more about this social policy philosophy.

414

The Campaign Finance Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With funding from the Carnegie Corporation, The Joyce Foundation, and The Pew Charitable Trusts, The Campaign Finance Institute is a non-profit institute affiliated with The George Washington University that "conducts objective research and education, empanels task forces and makes recommendations for policy change in the field of campaign finance." Along the top of the homepage, visitors will find thematic sections that include "President", "Congress", and "Interest Groups". Each of these sections includes full reports, press releases, data tables and charts. Additionally, visitors can look for specific materials by using their embedded search engine. Also, visitors can sign up here to receive email updates on the Institute's research and programs. Overall, it's a very useful site for anyone with an interest in campaign finance from a personal or an academic perspective.

415

Jazz Institute of Chicago  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For all the attention paid to the fantastic blues music that is often closely associated with Chicago, many people seem to forget that Chicago has also been fertile ground for jazz musicians as well. Some of the many famous musicians produced by the Second City include Gene Ammons, Eddie Harris, Benny Goodman, Von Freeman, Herbie Hancock, and numerous others. Of course, the Jazz Institute of Chicago has never forgotten this legacy, and for the past thirty years, they have been keeping the jazz spirit alive throughout the entire city. Additionally, the Institute has programmed the city's Jazz Festival since it began in 1979. Along with reading about upcoming events sponsored by the Institute and letters from fellow jazz fans, visitors can browse the Jazzgram. The Jazzgram contains interviews with jazz musicians such as Buddy De Franco, commentary on recent recordings, book reviews, and pieces about jazz in Chicago.

416

77 FR 24725 - Fogarty International Center; Notice of Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Behavioral Sciences; 93.154, Special International Postdoctoral Research Program in Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome...Research Collaboration Award; 93.989, Senior International Fellowship Awards Program, National Institutes of Health HHS)...

2012-04-25

417

78 FR 22894 - Fogarty International Center; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Behavioral Sciences; 93.154, Special International Postdoctoral Research Program in Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome...Research Collaboration Award; 93.989, Senior International Fellowship Awards Program, National Institutes of Health HHS)...

2013-04-17

418

77 FR 1705 - Fogarty International Center; Notice of Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Behavioral Sciences; 93.154, Special International Postdoctoral Research Program in Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome...Research Collaboration Award; 93.989, Senior International Fellowship Awards Program, National Institutes of Health HHS)...

2012-01-11

419

78 FR 7795 - Fogarty International Center; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Behavioral Sciences; 93.154, Special International Postdoctoral Research Program in Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome...Research Collaboration Award; 93.989, Senior International Fellowship Awards Program, National Institutes of Health HHS)...

2013-02-04

420

75 FR 6402 - Fogarty International Center; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Behavioral Sciences; 93.154, Special International Postdoctoral Research Program in Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome...Research Collaboration Award; 93.989, Senior International Fellowship Awards Program, National Institutes of Health, HHS)...

2010-02-09

421

78 FR 50426 - Fogarty International Center; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Behavioral Sciences; 93.154, Special International Postdoctoral Research Program in Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome...Research Collaboration Award; 93.989, Senior International Fellowship Awards Program, National Institutes of Health HHS)...

2013-08-19

422

Security of the Western Hemisphere. International Terrorism and Organized Crime.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The threat posed by international terrorism and organized crime (ITOC) is too great and too complex for civilian institutions to confront by themselves. The military could and should assist in internal protection missions if its operational role is carefu...

M. G. Manwaring

1998-01-01

423

Establishment of an Institute for Fusion Studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Institute for Fusion Studies is a national center for theoretical fusion plasma physics research. Its purposes are: (1) to conduct research on theoretical questions concerning the achievement of controlled fusion energy by means of magnetic confinement--including both fundamental problems of long-range significance, as well as shorter-term issues; (2) to serve as a center for information exchange, nationally and internationally, by hosting exchange visits, conferences, and workshops; (3) and to train students and postdoctoral research personnel for the fusion energy program and plasma physics research areas. The theoretical research results that are obtained by the Institute contribute mainly to the progress of national and international efforts in nuclear fusion research, whose goal is the development of fusion power as a basic energy source. In addition to its primary focus on fusion physics, the Institute is also involved with research in related fields, such as advanced computing techniques, nonlinear dynamics, plasma astrophysics, and accelerator physics. The work of EFS scientists continued to receive national and international recognition. Numerous invited papers were given during the past year at workshops, conferences, and scientific meetings. Last year IFS scientists published 95 scientific articles in technical journals and monographs.

Hazeltine, R. D.

1992-07-01

424

The Biotechnology Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is the home page for The Biotechnology Institute, a national nonprofit organization focusing on education and research about the present and future impact of biotechnology. The site provides a menu of links containing the headings: about us, teacher resources, your world, institute conferences, and news and resources. The "teacher resources" heading provides biotechnology-related links, workshops and programs, career profiles in biotechnology, and classroom activities. The site also provides a link to its biotechnology publication for 7th to 12th grade called "Your World, Biotechnology and You." Teacher subscriptions, downloadable PDF versions of issues, and teacher guides for the biotechnology magazine are provided on site.

Institute, The B.

425

Karst Waters Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Karst Waters Institute (KWI) is a non-profit institution whose mission is to improve the fundamental understanding of karst water systems through sound scientific research and the education of professionals and the public. Karst is explained in detail and in relation to water resources, water quality, geology, and ecology. Karst regions in the U.S. are shown, and a compilation of the top ten endangered karst ecosystems is available. Electronic documents on different aspects of karst, such as troglobites, stygobites, and groundwater monitoring and dye tracing techniques, are available to download from this site. Links to other karst resources are also provided.

426

Nordic Volcanological Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Nordic Volcanological Institute was created by a group of Nordic scientists who sought to increase earth science knowledge by exploring active volcanism and tectonics of Iceland. Researchers can find lengthy lists of publications and find out about upcoming seminars. Students and teachers can obtain colorful, educational materials on the geology, volcanoes, eruptions, and earthquakes of Iceland. The site presents detailed information on the Institute's facilities, summer school programs, and its research in geochemistry and geophysics. Although the Geodesy link is only in Icelandic, all of the other interesting materials are written in English.

427

Indiana University - Biocomplexity Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The biocomplexity institute at Indiana University is a collaborative effort among several academic departments. The institute is active in the areas of research, communication and outreach, software and resources, and training of scientists. This web site provides in-depth information on research projects, bioimaging, bioinformatics, biocomplexity in the curriculum, and more. The site also features CompuCell, a software framework for multimodel simulations of biocomplexity problems. The software is available for downloading. This resource is part of the biocomplexity collection. http://serc.carleton.edu/biocomplexity/

2008-04-21

428

Desert Research Institute: Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Operating as the nonprofit research campus of the University and Community College System of Nevada, the Desert Research Institute (DRI) conducts more than $27 million in environmental research each year with the help of its approximately 400 research faculty and support staff. The informational research page of the main Web site offers descriptions; publications; links; and other relevant facts from the various arms of the institute, which include the Division of Atmospheric Sciences, Division of Earth and Ecosystem, Division of Hydrologic Sciences, Center for Arid Lands Environmental Management, Center for Watersheds and Environmental Sustainability, and several others.

1969-12-31

429

Student Interns Tour Two NIH Facilities | Poster  

Cancer.gov

Thirty-five Werner H. Kirsten student interns toured the National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center in Bethesda in August to learn about the services and opportunities available.

430

International Schools for International People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the focus and activities of the 1986 annual European Council of International Schools (ECIS) conference. Outlines ECIS history and the International Baccalaureate curricula widely accepted by universities. Switzerland no longer dominates the international education market, which is alive and flourishing throughout Europe. (MLH)

Bruce, Michael G.

1987-01-01

431

Environmental Molecular Science Institutes  

NSF Publications Database

Full Proposal Preparation Instructions: This solicitation contains information that deviates from the standard Grant Proposal Guide (GPG) proposal preparation guidelines. If, after review, a proposal is recommended for funding, the EMSI Program Officer will work with Program Officers from NSF's International Programs, DOE Program Officers and the key project personnel to develop a detailed plan consistent with applicable international arrangements. More comprehensive information on NSF Award ...

432

An Institute for Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses professional development that offers practical tips for elementary teachers to implement in their classrooms right away. The programs at the Institute of Math, Science, and Technology Education at Texas Christian University at Fort Worth, Texas, offer a professional development model. In this successful collaborative, formed

Kelly, Janet; Weis, R. Stephen

2005-01-01

433

Measuring Institutional Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The measurement of institutional effectiveness involves a systematic comparison of organizational purpose and performance. For community colleges, organizational purpose can be defined in terms of providing access to education, realizing student achievement, promoting student development, or addressing social needs. If all four purposes are

Macomb County Community Coll., Warren, MI.

434

Institutional Research Bulletin, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Institutional Research Bulletin" is a collection of research summaries relating to Kapi'olani Community College (KCC) in Hawaii. Highlights for the 1997 volume (February-October) include: (1) spring 1997 enrollment summary, grouped by demographics and major; (2) comparison of English 100 and English 160 as pre-requisites for writing-intensive

Abou-Sayf, Frank, Ed.

1997-01-01

435

Planning for Institutional Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from the experiences of Delgado Community College (DCC) in Louisiana, this manual offers guidance on choosing and implementing an institutional planning system. Section 1 offers introductory comments on planning, educators' reluctance to embrace the management systems of the private sector, and the growing recognition of the importance of

Wright, Frank W., Comp.; Garthwaite, Elloyse M., Comp.

436

Institute on Writing Grants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proceedings of this institute cover sources for grant proposal ideas, grant proposal writing procedures, the content of a grant request, procedures of granting agencies, and problems in carrying out granted projects, including report writing. The relationship of the granting agency to the grant recipient is viewed throughout as a partnership,

Goldstein, Harris K.; And Others

437

Earth Advantage Institute: Introduction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This brief presentation provides an introduction to the Earth Advantage Institute, which is "a nonprofit organization that works with the building industry to help implement sustainable building practices." Information on the history of the organization, its partners, stakeholders and sponsors is included. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

Schnepp, Katie

2012-06-29

438

Institutional Research Bulletin, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Institutional Research Bulletin" is a collection of research summaries relating to Kapi'olani Community College (KCC) in Hawaii. Highlights from the 1998 volume (February-December) include: (1) spring 1998 enrollment summary, grouped by demographics and major; (2) patterns of complete withdrawal, 1997-98; (3) repetition and completion rates

Abou-Sayf, Frank, Ed.

1998-01-01

439

A Contested Institutional Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The College of William and Mary (Williamsburg, Virginia) found itself at a crossroads in 2005. Their long-popular president Timothy J. Sullivan was retiring after 13 years at the helm of the world's second oldest institution of higher education (Petkofsky, 2004). Long known as a bastion of conservatism, William and Mary could now change their

Morin, Stephanie A.

2010-01-01

440

Software Engineering Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Software Engineering Institute (SEI) is a federally funded research and development center whose objective is to provide leadership in software engineering and in the transition of new software engineering technology into practice. The SEI Information Server provides links to the ongoing research efforts of the ARPA Software and Intelligent Systems Technology Office and an index of information relating to numerous software and computing topics.

441

Institutional Effectiveness Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the first edition of the College of the Canyon's (California) Institutional Effectiveness Report, which is modeled after the statewide report prepared by the Chancellor's Office. The college is measuring 60 effectiveness indicators in four mission areas: student access, student success, staff composition, and fiscal condition. A brief

College of the Canyons, Santa Clarita, CA.

442

Information for Institutional Renewal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a planning, management, and evaluation system, an objective-based planning process, research databases, analytical reports, and transactional data as state-of-the-art tools available to generate data which link research directly to planning for institutional renewal. (RC)

Spencer, Richard L.

1979-01-01

443

Institute for Quantum Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute for Quantum Information sponsors programs which encourage the growth and development of quantum information science. This web site contains information on regular seminars and inter-disciplinary workshops, current research, and links to courses relevant to quantum information (including lecture notes, problems, and solutions).

Kimble, Jeff; Preskill, John; Kitaev, Alexei; Mabuchi, Hideo; Schulman, Leonard

2005-11-20

444

European Bioinformatics Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Some interesting research projects are described on this website from the European Bioinformatics Institute. The site offers a number of data resources on topics such as genomes, macromolecular structures, protein families, and structure analysis. Taxonomy and ontology databases are also linked here, as well as databases of research literature.

2013-06-11

445

Asian Institute of Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Asian Institute of Technology is a notable success for that part of the world where success is not too common. It is an excellent example of not only the initiative and organization of a technical university, but also of the success of a foreign aid program. This report gives details of this organization and accomplishments. (Author)

Office of Naval Research, London (England).

446

Instituting the Greater Good  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers, higher education administrators and financial planners are well acquainted with the work of TIAA-CREF. The insurance and investment company has been a central player in teacher retirement and financial planning for nearly a century. Twelve years ago, the organization spawned the TIAA-CREF Institute, a research-focused arm that brings

Matthews, Frank

2011-01-01

447

Doing the "Institutional Rag."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ninety-four teachers from various subject fields and grade levels participated in a three-week summer session at Lincoln Center Institute in New York City to learn ways of making art and the aesthetic experience a part of the general educational system. (BM)

Roth, Edith Brill

1978-01-01

448

Managing Institutional Image.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A managerial process for enhancing the image and public reputation of a higher education institution is outlined. It consists of five stages: market research; data analysis and market positioning; communication of results and recommendations to the administration; development of a global image program; and impact evaluation. (MSE)

Melchiori, Gerlinda S.

1990-01-01

449

Thermal Biology Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goals of the Thermal Biology Institute's webpage are to present cutting-edge research focused on the biology of geothermal systems, to promote collaboration among researchers and resource agencies, and to advance public education on the biocomplexity of geothermal environments. Information is organized by topic including hot topics, research, current events, outreach, education, and electronic resources.

University, Thermal B.

450

Implementing Sustainable Institutional Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research has found that few institutions of higher education implemented the necessary strategies to make their campuses sustainable (Thompson and Green 2005). Ironically, universities are the segment of society with the most access to the intellectual capital needed to provide sound sustainable practices and measurements. Having top

Shepard, Joseph; Johnson, Lewis

2009-01-01

451

Issues in Institutional Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As Canadian colleges face clientele shifts, stabilization of staffing, increasing emphases on nontraditional programs and delivery systems, and changing job markets for graduates--all within a context of escalating costs and inflation--educational leaders are under increasing pressure to develop meaningful approaches to institutional evaluation.

Konrad, Abram G.

452

Incentives, Infrastructure and Institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current paper explores the role of incentives, infrastructure, and institutions in late-industrializing countries. We argue that all three dimensions are critical to understand differences in technological development and industrial trajectories across countries, because they shape government policies and firm strategies in terms of exports, subcontracting, and technology acquisition, among others. Moreover, we explain how recent insights in the theory

Francisco Veloso; Jorge Mario Soto

2001-01-01

453

The Ecological Design Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Ecological Design Institute is an organization that seeks ways to design and construct buildings that meet human needs within the balance of nature. Users can explore design projects, education projects, and the five principles of ecological design on the website. The American Youth Hostel Design Studio at UC Berkeley is just one example of the several interesting demonstration educational projects.

2008-03-03

454

Declining Foreign Enrollment at Higher Education Institutions in the United States: A Research Note  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When the Institute of International Education reported a drop of 2.4% in international student enrollment in the United States in 2003/2004, the first absolute decline in foreign enrollments since 1971/1972 (Open Doors, 2004), many were quick to point fingers at visa policies instituted after the September 11, 2001 attacks. The "Visas Mantis"

Naidoo, Vik

2007-01-01

455

Projects do not create institutions: The record of democracy assistance in post-conflict societies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article argues that the lack of focus on institution-building greatly limits the impact of international democracy assistance to post-conflict societies. After ten years of international support, key domestic electoral, human rights and media institutions remain politically biased, are largely unaccountable to their members or society in general, are not transparent in their operations, have no substantial influence on decision

Jeroen de Zeeuw

2005-01-01

456

International Federation of Library Associations Annual Conference Papers. Collections and Services Division: Interlending, Rare and Precious Books, and Exchange and Acquisition Sections (47th, Leipzig, East Germany, August 17-22, 1981).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This set of papers presented to the Collections and Services Division of the International Federation of Library Associations at its 47th annual conference (1981) includes: "Planning Interlending Systems in Developing Countries," by Maurice B. Line; "Problems of Centralisation of Inter-Library Lending in a De-Centralized Library System in the

Line, Maurice B.; And Others

457

National Space Biomedical Research Institute  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report outlines the National Space Biomedical Research Institute's (NSBRI) activities during FY 2004, the Institute's seventh year. It is prepared in accordance with Cooperative Agreement NCC 9-58 between NASA's Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center (JSC) and the Institute's lead institution, Baylor College of Medicine.

2004-01-01

458

Assessment and 2-Year Institutions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a national study of the current availability and use of commercially and institutionally developed educational assessment instruments. Indicates that two-year institutions reported less activity than four-year institutions in assessing the major fields of study but that 77% of all two-year institutions assessed basic skills. (MAB)

Bradley, Jama L.; And Others

1994-01-01

459

Developing Global Perspectives through International Management Degrees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internationalisation has risen high on the agenda of many higher education institutions, and the need to develop graduates with global perspectives is well recognised. Much attention has been given to institutional strategies for internationalisation, international students, and dealing with culturally diverse learning styles. To date, however,

Brookes, Maureen; Becket, Nina

2011-01-01

460

Theoretical Building Blocks for a Research Agenda Linking Globalization and Institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 'rational choice' perspective is found predominantly amongst economists and political scientists - particularly for the latter group in the international rela- tions literature. This perspective tends to focus on formal and structural political and economic institutions. The existence of institutions is accounted for in an essentially functionalist way - institutions are there because they solve prob- lems for actors.

Marie-Laure Djelic; Sigrid Quack

2003-01-01

461

The Assessment of the Institutional Research Function. AIR 1994 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

West Georgia College, a public, 4-year institution in the University System of Georgia, conducted an assessment of its institutional research function. The assessment design consisted of two distinct elements: an internal program assessment, and an assessment of institutional research as perceived by campus constituents. The assessment was

Harrington, Charles

462

ASEE s International Cooperation in Engineering Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years the American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) has become very active in international cooperation in engineering education. Its international partners include corporate partnerships, a partnership with the World Bank Institute, and partnerships with international counterpart societies, such as the Japanese Society for Engineering Education (JSEE), the Korean Society for Engineering Education (KSEE), the European Society for Engineering Education (SEFI), and the Indian Society for Technical Education (ISTE). ASEE has also become active in many international activities, such as the ASEE Global Colloquia, the International Federation of Engineering Education Societies (IFEES), which includes Engineering for the Americas (EftA), the Indo-US Collaboration for Engineering Education (IUCEE), and the Global Engineering Deans Council (GEDC), the East Asia and Pacific Summer Institutes (EAPSI), and the International Association for Continuing Engineering Education (IACEE). All of these activities have facilitated ASEE s International Cooperation in Engineering Education over the past decade.

Buchanan, Walter W.; Hoyer, Hans-Juergen

463

The Next Challenge: Balancing International Competition and Cooperation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of essays addresses various aspects of the role of community colleges in international relations and trade. The volume contains: (1) "The Community College: An International Institution," by Wayne O'Sullivan; (2) "Building an International Agenda: An International Education Conference," by Julia Ribley and Clyde M. Sakamoto; (3)

Fifield, Mary L., Ed.; Sakamoto, Clyde M., Ed.

464

The Political Economy of European Union Representation in International Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many Europeans support common European Union (EU) representation in international institutions. But such a pooling of international political influence raises complex and controversial issues. A common European foreign policy position implies compromise among EU members. The pooling of international representation thus requires, as with many internal EU policies, that member states weigh the potential benefits of a common policy against

Jeffry A. Frieden

465

78 FR 65107 - Loans in Areas Having Special Flood Hazards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...regulated lending institutions, or servicers acting on their behalf, to escrow...regulated lending institutions, or servicers acting on behalf of a regulated lending...regulated lending institution, or a servicer acting on its behalf, also would be...

2013-10-30

466

INSTITUTION - DYNAMAP V.12.2  

EPA Science Inventory

GDT Institutions represents point locations within New England for common institution landmark types including hospitals, educational institutions, religious institutions, government centers, and cemeteries...

467

International Collaboration in Mental Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented in five parts on research, services, training, drug abuse, and alcohol abuse are 31 reports of mental health studies and programs supported by the U.S. and other countries. Explained in the introduction are reasons the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has supported international collaboration. The following are among subjects

Brown, Bertram S., Ed.; Torrey, E. Fuller, Ed.

468

International Study of Marketing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The International Marketing Federation (IMF), supported by the Marketing Science Institute, has surveyed IMF member countries and a representative scattering of others to determine the current state and future trends in marketing education. This volume presents the findings of the survey of 21 countries--Argentina, Australia, Canada, Denmark,

Liander, Bertil, Ed.

469

London International Youth Science Forum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author discusses the 2010 London International Youth Science Forum (LIYSF) and shares his experience in attending the forum. Unlike the Harry Messel event in Sydney, which takes place every two years, LIYSF is an annual event. Before moving to Imperial College London, LIYSF was held at the Institute of Electrical Engineers and

Auty, Geoff

2010-01-01

470

75 FR 28782 - Liquid Crystal Institute, et al., Notice of Consolidated Decision on Applications for Duty-Free...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Liquid Crystal Institute, et al., Notice of Consolidated Decision...Washington, D.C. Docket Number: 10-005. Applicant: Liquid Crystal Institute, Kent, OH 44242. Instrument:...

2010-05-24

471

78 FR 12787 - Digital Trade in the U.S. and Global Economies, Part 2; Institution of Investigation and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [Investigation No. 332-540] Digital Trade in the...Economies, Part 2; Institution of Investigation and Scheduling of Hearing AGENCY...Commission. ACTION: Institution of investigation, opportunity to appear at public...

2013-02-25

472

International Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes "Introduction to International Perspectives" (Allen); "Volunteerism in the Welfare State: The Case of Denmark" (Habermann); "Grassroots Organizing in Bangladesh" (Chowdhury); and "Volunteerism in Latin America" (Guerra). (SK)

Allen, Kenn; Habermann, Ulla; Chowdhury, Omar Faruque; Guerra, Iraida Manzanilla

1998-01-01

473

Paleontological Research Institution  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Ithaca, N.Y.-based Paleontological Research Institution (first mentioned in the January 10, 2003 NSDL Scout Report for Physical Sciences) is "to increase and disseminate knowledge about the history and evolution of the Earth and its life." The Paleontological Research Institution (PRI) website offers brief information about the work of several different researchers including mastodon-related research, and studies looking at turritelline gastropods, and hard-to-identify fossils. Site visitors who are just learning about paleontology will find that the information is presented in an accessible manner. The site also provides information about the rich PRI collections, and descriptions of a variety of related publications for amateurs and professionals. In addition, the site contains detailed Instructions for Authors wishing to submit manuscripts to _Bulletins of American Paleontology_ or _Palaeontographica Americana_. This site is also reviewed in the June 24, 2005 _NSDL Life Sciences Report_.

474

UCLA Asia Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The UCLA Asia Institute "promotes Asian Studies at UCLA and fosters greater understanding of Asia through a wide variety of research support, public programs, and community outreach on East Asia, Southeast Asia, and South Asia." On their homepage, visitors can read their monthly newsletter, read about their project announcements, and upcoming conferences, such as the "Asia in LA: Musical Treasures of Asia", which was held in May 2011. Moving along, the "Podcasts" area includes talks from 2006 to the present. Here visitors will find thoughtful presentations titled "South Asian Entrepreneurs in Uzbekistan: The Silk Road Reborn?" and "Entwinements of Islam Modernity in Central Asia". Scholars in the field won't want to miss the "Joint Research Initiatives" section, which includes synopsis of the Institute's partnerships with the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology and the East China Normal University in Shanghai.

475

Lanoteplase Genetics Institute.  

PubMed

Lanoteplase, a modified form of a tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) lacking fibronectin finger-like and epidermal growth factor domains, was developed by the Genetics Institute for the potential treatment of thromboembolic disorders. Suntory, the Japanese licensee, has filed an NDA in Japan for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction (MI) [301222]. It was also licensed to Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS) for worldwide development (excluding Japan, China, South Korea and Taiwan) [178225]. BMS conducted phase III trials for acute MI [272490] but discontinued development and returned the license to Genetics Institute during 1999 [359688]. In February 1999, Lehman Brothers predicted the drug had a 60% probability of reaching market, with an estimated first launch date in 2000. The analysts predicted peak sales would occur in 2006, with peak sales of $200 million in the US and US $100 million in the rest of the world at that time [319225]. PMID:11249701

Hopfner, R

2000-12-01

476

World Bank Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank has a number of specialized units designed to perform research in order to allow the organization to make informed policy decisions throughout the world. This website happens to provide information on the World Bank Institute, which effectively serves as the capacity development arm of the Bank and also "helps countries share and apply global and local knowledge to meet development challenges". On the Institute's site, visitors can find out about its various programs, which include work on preventing HIV/AIDS risk in the Balkans and scholarships designed to promote knowledge sharing and capacity building in the developing world. Visitors will want to pay close attention to the Publications area, as they may view or download working papers from a wide range of topics, including energy policy, labor force development, and development economics.

477

FDIC: Institution Directory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US FDIC has its Institution Directory available. This searchable database allows users to "obtain demographic data and financial profiles of each FDIC-insured depository institution derived from quarterly reports filed with Federal regulators." Users can search by certificate number, bank, geographic location, charter, chartering agency, federal regulator, primary insurance fund, and asset and deposit size. Retrieval can be sorted by any of 7 variables. Information returned includes balance sheet and income, loan portfolio/asset quality, and balance sheet details. Each report is linked to a glossary of terms. Quarterly and annual data is available back to December 1993. This is a significant addition to a site that already carries a staggering amount of information about United States banking.

478

Geophysical Institute Magnetometer Array  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Geophysical Institute Magnetometer Array (GIMA) consists of twelve magnetometer stations distributed across Alaska cutting the auroral oval. Each station is equipped with a ring-core, fluxgate magnetometer, GPS clock and data logger. Data are returned from each station to the Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska where it is verified, archived, and made available to the space science community. The GIMA web page, at http://magnet.gi.alaska.edu/, provides the data from eight stations online in real-time. The GIMA web page also provides limited data access from five Russian magnetometer stations. The GIMA data set available online spans the time period 1995 to the present. This presentation describes the current operation of the array, its capabilities (data collection parameters), the web site, and methods for acessing the data set. Current efforts to improve data access and integrate the data set with online virtual observatories is described.

Wilkinson, D.; Heavner, M. J.

2006-12-01

479

Quinnipiac University Polling Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Quinnipiac University's Polling Institute is perhaps one of the best known polling centers in the United States, and their work is frequently cited by major media outlets. Staff members at the Institute are also called upon to offer commentary on the voting habits and preferences of a broad swath of the American public. Visitors to their site can start their journey by clicking on the "Releases by State" area on the left-hand side of the homepage. Here they will find the results of recent polls conducted at the state and national level. From there, visitors will want to visit the "Polling Regional Definitions" where they can learn about how each state is divided up for polling purposes. Also, the site allows users to search all of their press releases by area (such as individual states or "swing states") and timeframe.

480

The Middle East Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Dedicated to "keeping the public objectively informed about the Middle East," the Middle East Institute provides a number of resources to this end. Visitors to the site can access the table of contents, abstracts, and some complete articles from The Middle East Journal; read online policy briefs about current events in the region; review descriptions of the Institute's published monographs; and consult an online searchable catalog of over 2,400 scholarly works in Middle Eastern studies published in the 1990s. The XML-based catalog can be searched by keyword, title, author, or any of the cataloged fields. Two online texts are also posted here: An Introduction to Islam (see the September 3, 1999 Scout Report) and, in the rare books section of the library, Mehemet the Kurd and Other Tales by Charles Wells (requires multidoc pro to view TEI (SGML)).

2001-01-01

481

Virginia Tech Transportation Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Virginia Tech Transportation Institute (VTTI) is the institution's largest university-level research center. The organization is "dedicated to conducting research to save lives, save time, and save money." On their homepage, visitors can read the "Spotlight on VTTI" to get some highlights about their work including focus on transportation and an aging population and other topics as of late. Transportation fanatics won't want to miss the Publications area hosting dozens of papers on technical topics such as map-based navigation, dynamic roadway signage, and military vehicles. Visitors can also read their annual reports, learn about employment opportunities, and check out the Virginia Smart Road, which is their closed, state-of-the-art, test-bed research facility.

482

The Island Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since 1983, the Island Institute has employed a wide range of individuals, including photographers, artists, policy experts, and others, all in the name of maintaining the viability of the fifteen year-round island communities in the Gulf of Maine. They have become well-known for their outreach efforts, and their website will be of great value to anyone interested in this region, or how various island communities remain economically, culturally, and ecologically sustainable. Resources located on the Institute's homepage include information about fellowship opportunities and links to full and annual reports on the Atlantic herring spawning project. Visitors who are hoping to get a sense of the flavor of this unique region should definitely peruse their monthly publication, "The Working Waterfront." Recent articles include opinion pieces on fish hatcheries, the lobster business, and news profiles of local islanders.

483

Higher Education Research Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1973, the Higher Education Research Institute (HERI) is located within UCLA's Graduate School of Education & Information Studies. Researchers at the HERI are interested in examining leadership development, institutional transformation, faculty performance, and educational equity. First-time visitors should check out the "Surveys" area first, as it contains information about some of their very well-known longitudinal surveys, such as the Freshmen Year Survey and the College Senior Survey. Most visitors with a general interest in higher education trends will want to look through the "Publications" section, as it contains reports on spirituality in higher education, the gender gap in colleges, and the impact of single-gender high schools on students' transition to college.

484

National Institute of Aging  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Institute of Aging (NIA) is a United States government funded organization focusing on leading the effort to research aging. Available on the website are research resources, recent articles, along with correlating photos all of which involve aging research and various aging disorders. The website also provides information on how organizations can apply for grants and the policies associated with funding. Additionally, people can search for local aging organizations, download public service ads, and peruse other related publications.

2007-02-12

485

Duke Cancer Institute  

Cancer.gov

In 1972, the Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center, now known as the Duke Cancer Institute (DCI), was established and designated by NCI as one of the first comprehensive cancer centers. The DCI serves as the focus for all of Duke Universitys activities in cancer. It is a single entity that integrates and aligns patient care and research with the goals of improving patient outcomes, decreasing the burden of cancer and accelerating scientific progress.

486

Ice Age Floods Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Describes Ice Age glaciers and immense floods of glacial meltwater that swept across the Pacific Northwest (18,000-12,000 years ago and earlier), affecting the landscape from Montana to Washington and Oregon, sculpting the Columbia River Basin, and creating glacial lakes to rival the today's Great Lakes. This non-profit institute promotes scientific education about the floods, their causes and impacts. Proposes an interpretive geologic trail linking significant sites.

487

Institute for Molecular Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute for Molecular Manufacturing (IMM) conducts and supports research on molecular systems engineering and molecular manufacturing (molecular nanotechnology, or MNT). The website provides information on the IMM research projects. Also posted here are IMM's "guidelines for research and development practices that will minimize risk from accidental misuse or from abuse of molecular nanotechnology." Some article preprints are also available to download free of charge.

488

Foresight Institute: Nanotechnology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Foresight Institute is "a nonprofit educational organization formed to help prepare society for anticipated advanced technologies." They offer this comprehensive webpage on nanotechnology, addressing why nanotechnology might be important to you, and providing information for the General Reader, the Technical Reader and other resources on technical issues, jobs, education, policy issues, potential applications of nanotechnology, and the History of the Nanotechnology Idea. Other readings, discussion platforms and websites are also listed.

489

Huntsman Cancer Institute  

Cancer.gov

The Utah Regional Cancer Center received its NCI designation as a cancer center in 1986. The Center was renamed Huntsman Cancer Institute (HCI) in 1999. Located at the University of Utah, HCIs mission is to understand cancer from its beginnings, to use that knowledge in the creation and improvement of new treatments, to relieve the suffering of cancer patients, and to provide education about cancer risk, prevention, and care.

490

Higher Education Research Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the graduate school of Education and Information at the University of California, Los Angeles, the Higher Education Research Institute "serves as an interdisciplinary center for research, evaluation, information, policy studies, and research training in postsecondary education." It is also the home of the Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP), a national longitudinal study of the American higher education system. Established in 1966 at the American Council on Education, the CIRP is "the nation's largest and oldest empirical study of higher education, involving data on some 1,700 institutions and over 10 million students." Visitors to the site can access extensive press releases and data summaries of the latest CIRP's of incoming freshmen as well as data from surveys targeting entering students, other classes of college students, and faculty members. The CIRP Archives section offers an extensive annotated bibliography of related conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and reports. The Website also provides information to educators and administrators on ordering more targeted data drawn from specific schools and/or specific comparative profiles.

491

Georgia Tech Research Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) has been a government and industry partner since 1934 and has branches throughout the United States and Ireland. Visitors will definitely want to click on the "Industry Solutions" on the homepage to get an idea of the industries GTRI works in, such as "Health and Human Systems", "Energy/Environment", and "Information and Communications Technologies". Visitors can click on any of the links to browse case studies in that industry. In "Health and Human Systems", there is a case study of a breath test to detect breast cancer, products made easier to use by people with arthritis and a "purpose-built" law enforcement vehicle. Users of the site interested in reading materials from their historical publication archive, such as "The Research Engineer", published between 1956 and 1961, should click on "Newsroom", to get to the link. There is also a video, called "The Solution Institution" made for GTRI's 75th anniversary, which provides a history of the institution that is "filled with intrigue, innovation, and impact."

492

International english  

SciTech Connect

This paper is a presentation to the International Professional Communication Conference on International English. Presidence is taken from the Royal Society of London in 1667 to purify and simplify the English language. Because English has become the most spoken language in the world, the case in herein made to make it plainer and more easily learned. Technical communications is stressed. (FSD).

Amador, M.

1990-01-01

493

International Curriculums.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workshop presentation on international curriculums in the field of parks, recreation, leisure, cultural services, and travel/tourism comments that the literature is replete with articles addressing what the field is about, but not about curriculum issues, models, and structure. It reports an international survey of 12 college educators

Neal, Larry L.

494

Why International?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the benefits of international programs at community colleges based on the example of Middlesex Community College in Bedford, Massachusetts. Indicates that international programs broaden the perspective of the campus, generate new revenue and positive media exposure, contribute to professional development of faculty and staff, and provide

Falcetta, Frank M.

1993-01-01

495

RETHINKING THE SOVEREIGNTY DEBATE IN INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC LAW  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many observers argue that sovereignty is threatened by the ongoing expansion of international economic institutions. This article explores a school of thought that counterintuitively argues that institutions such as the World Trade Organization in fact strengthen sovereignty. These theories collectively highlight an under-explored proposition: that changes in the international system or in domestic politics have already compromised sovereignty and thus

Kal Raustiala

2003-01-01

496

International Cancer Research Portfolio  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site contains a database of cancer research funded by US and U. research organizations, including the US National Cancer Institute. The International Cancer Research Portfolio (ICRP) promises to put "cancer research at your fingertips" with a convenient, centralized database of information on grants awarded by ICRP partner organizations. The database may be searched by cancer type, area of research, or funding organization. ICRP is designed for "cancer researchers, cancer funding organizations, health care policy makers, health care professionals, cancer survivors, and advocates, as well as anyone with an interest in the most current cancer research."

497

Environmental protection, inequality, and institutional change.  

PubMed

The contemporary world faces an unprecedented environmental challenge. Past international research has amply shown that we cannot afford to wait for a "development path" that automatically takes us on a sustainable future. Whether we look at global or local problems, the international debate increasingly points to the importance of popular support for environmental protection by a broad spectrum of stakeholders. Because environmental sustainability questions the way we produce, consume, and distribute the product of our work, an economic analysis that is limited to one market is insufficient. In addressing Bromley's question, "How do we wish the future to unfold for us?" this paper argues for the need to devote resources to understanding the spillovers between institutional settings and preferences toward the provision of global public goods. Here, this review focuses on labor-market institutions, as labor markets are traditionally the context in which inequality is created at the local and global levels. Labor-market institutional design, via its impact on risk and uncertainty and inequality, may have sizable implications on the provision of environmental care. PMID:21332500

Magnani, Elisabetta

2011-02-01

498

Building Capacity through International Student Affairs Exchange  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to build local capacity in an international higher education setting, the Qatar Study Tour and Young Professionals Institute (QST and YPI) was created as an inquiry-based learning experience shared among diverse participants and designed to enhance learning at both the local and international levels. The intent of the QST and YPI model

Roberts, Dennis C.; Roberts, Darbi L.

2012-01-01

499

Critical Success Factors for International Education Marketing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports a survey of 315 higher education and private secondary institutions in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, United Kingdom, and United States that investigated factors critical to success in international marketing of educational programs. Results suggest that two factor groups (reputation and resources, and possession of international

Mazzarol, Tim

1998-01-01

500

Gradualism and Uncertainty in International Union Formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces a new theoretical framework of international unions qua coalitions of countries adopting a common policy and common supranational institutions. We introduce a general class of non-cooperative spatial bargaining games of coalition formation among three countries in order to examine the endogenous strategic considerations in the creation and enlargement of international unions. Why would we observe a gradualist

Nikitas Konstantinidis

2007-01-01