Science.gov

Sample records for international lending institutions

  1. 12 CFR 613.3200 - International lending.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false International lending. 613.3200 Section 613... Financing for Banks Operating Under Title III of the Farm Credit Act § 613.3200 International lending. (a...) International business operations. A bank for cooperatives or an agricultural credit bank may finance a...

  2. 12 CFR 613.3200 - International lending.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false International lending. 613.3200 Section 613... Financing for Banks Operating Under Title III of the Farm Credit Act § 613.3200 International lending. (a...) International business operations. A bank for cooperatives or an agricultural credit bank may finance a...

  3. 12 CFR 613.3200 - International lending.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false International lending. 613.3200 Section 613... Financing for Banks Operating Under Title III of the Farm Credit Act § 613.3200 International lending. (a...) International business operations. A bank for cooperatives or an agricultural credit bank may finance a...

  4. 12 CFR 613.3200 - International lending.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false International lending. 613.3200 Section 613... Financing for Banks Operating Under Title III of the Farm Credit Act § 613.3200 International lending. (a...) International business operations. A bank for cooperatives or an agricultural credit bank may finance a...

  5. 12 CFR 613.3200 - International lending.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false International lending. 613.3200 Section 613... Financing for Banks Operating Under Title III of the Farm Credit Act § 613.3200 International lending. (a...) International business operations. A bank for cooperatives or an agricultural credit bank may finance a...

  6. Kyiv institutional buildings sector energy efficiency program: Lending and implementation assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Secrest, T.J.; Freeman, S.L.; Popelka, A.; Shestopal, P.A.; Gagurin, E.V.

    1997-08-01

    The government of Ukraine, through the State Committee of Energy Conservation (State Committee), is considering the implementation of energy efficiency measures in state and municipal institutional buildings in the city of Kyiv. The State Committee entered into a Memorandum of Cooperation with the US Department of Energy (DOE) to conduct an assessment of the institutional buildings sector efficiency potential. This assessment will be used to support a potential loan by the World Bank for implementing a buildings efficiency improvement program in Kyiv. This report provides an assessment of the options for structuring the lending scenarios and the implementation of the program. Components to the lending structure are options for the disbursement of funds, options for the loan service, and other financial options and considerations. Program implementation includes management structures, reporting, installation activities, and post-installation activities such as training and verification.

  7. Summary of the Symposium of Institutional Lending in the Stafford Loan Program (Washington, D.C., March 13, 1989).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance, Washington, DC.

    This publication offers a summary of a symposium designed to elicit dialogue on the costs and benefits of eliminating the restrictions on institutional lending in the Stafford Loan Program. Approximately 100 people, representing postsecondary institutions, commercial lenders, guaranty agencies, secondary markets, loan servicing groups, and…

  8. In-country and lending institution environmental requirements for thermal power plants in the Philippines and India

    SciTech Connect

    Lehman, A.T.; Khanna, R.

    1996-11-01

    Diverse environmental reviews and approvals are required by both Government and non-government organizations (NGOs) for licensing or permitting of major thermal power plants in Asia; specifically, India and Philippines. The number and type of approvals required for a specific project vary depending on site characteristics, fuel source, project-specific design and operating parameters as well as type of project financing. A model 400 MW coal-fired project located in Asia is presented to illustrate the various lender and host country environmental guidelines. A case study of the environmental reviews and approvals for Ogden Quezon Power, Inc. Project (Quezon Province, Republic of the Philippines) is also included. A list of acronyms is provided at the paper`s end. As independent power project (IPP) developers seek financing for these capital-intensive infrastructure projects, a number of international finance/lending institutions are likely to become involved. Each lender considers different environmental aspects of a project. This paper compares relevant environmental requirements of various lenders which finance IPPs and their interest in a project`s environmental review. Finally, the authors of this paper believe that the environmental review process can bring together many parties involved with IPP development, including local and central governments, non government organizations, various lenders (such as multilateral and export credit agencies) as well as project proponents. Environmental review provides input opportunity for interested and affected parties. Airing environmental issues in open forums such as public hearings or meetings helps ensure projects are not evaluated without public input.

  9. Study of Selected Educational Institutions and Students Participating in Direct School Lending Under the Federal Insured Student Loan Program: Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cresap, McCormick, and Paget, Inc., Chicago, IL.

    The results of an evaluation study of selected educational institutions and students participating in direct school lending under the Federal Insured Student Loan Program (FISLP) is presented. Proprietary schools, which as a group have had a history of high default rates, and institutions of higher education, which are becoming the primary…

  10. Institute for International Public Policy Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Postsecondary Education, US Department of Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The Institute for International Public Policy program provides a single grant to assist a consortia of institutions of higher education in establishing an institute designed to increase the representation of minorities in international service, including private international voluntary organizations and the Foreign Service of the United States. A…

  11. International Security Institutions, Domestic Politics, and Institutional Legitimacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, Terrence L.

    2007-01-01

    Scholars have devoted considerable attention to the informational role of international institutions. However, several questions about the informational aspects of institutional behavior remain underexplored: What determines how audiences respond to institutional decisions? Through what channels does information provision affect foreign policy? To…

  12. Internal Benchmarking for Institutional Effectiveness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ronco, Sharron L.

    2012-01-01

    Internal benchmarking is an established practice in business and industry for identifying best in-house practices and disseminating the knowledge about those practices to other groups in the organization. Internal benchmarking can be done with structures, processes, outcomes, or even individuals. In colleges or universities with multicampuses or a…

  13. Institute of International Education 1986 Annual Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Mary Louise

    The 1986 contributions of the Institute of International Education (IIE) through development assistance and educational and cultural exchange are described along with the history of the 40-year-old Fulbright Program which IIE helps to administer. Attention is directied to: IIE in the arts, in efforts to build developing-country institutions, in…

  14. Institute of International Education. Annual Report 1977.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Institute of International Education, New York, NY.

    Covering the 12-month period beginning October 1, 1976 and ending September 39, 1977, this annual report reviews the activities of the Institute of International Education in both narrative and statistical form. Part 1 presents a general review of the year. Part 2 deals with educational services (communication, cooperation, planning, and…

  15. International Institute for Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mostertman, L. J.

    1977-01-01

    Describes the activities of the International Institute for Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering (IHE), whose primary function is the promotion of the better use of water resources as a vehicle of development by the transfer of knowledge and experience. (Author/RK)

  16. International Interdisciplinary Research Institute Project in Senegal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gueye, Paul

    2010-02-01

    The project of an interdisciplinary research institute in Senegal was initiated in 1993 in Senegal (West Africa) and became a template for a similar project in the US in 1999. Since then, numerous meetings and presentations have been held at various national and international institutions, workshops and conferences. The current development of this partnership includes drafts for a full design of all systems at each facility, as well as the physics, applied health and educational programs to be implemented. The Senegal facility was conceived for scientific capacity building and equally to act as a focal point aimed at using the local scientific expertise. An anticipated outcome would be a contribution to the reduction of an ever-growing brain drain process suffered by the country, and the African continent in general. The development of the project led also to a strong African orientation of the facility: built for international collaboration, it is to be a pan-African endeavor and to serve primarily African countries. The facility received a presidential approval in a 2003 meeting and will develop an interdisciplinary program centered on a strong materials science research which will also allow for the establishment of an advanced analytical (physical chemistry) laboratory. A central part of the facility will be linked to state-of-the art accelerator mass spectrometry, cyclotron and low energy electromagnetic accelerator systems. )

  17. 22 CFR 140.7 - Multilateral institutions and international organizations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Multilateral institutions and international... TO DRUG TRAFFICKERS Enforcement § 140.7 Multilateral institutions and international organizations. Assistance provided to or through multilateral institutions or international organizations is subject to...

  18. 22 CFR 140.7 - Multilateral institutions and international organizations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Multilateral institutions and international... TO DRUG TRAFFICKERS Enforcement § 140.7 Multilateral institutions and international organizations. Assistance provided to or through multilateral institutions or international organizations is subject to...

  19. The Toy Lending Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiscont, Jeanne Mull

    This paper explores the concept of toy lending libraries. The first six chapters discuss: (1) the history of toy lending libraries; (2) the values and purposes of using games and toys with children; (2) the contribution of games and toys to the goals of a children's services library division; (3) examples of toy lending service in public…

  20. Establishment of the International Power Institute

    SciTech Connect

    Coles, Julius E.

    2000-04-29

    Building on the two previous trips to Central America last year, International Power Institute (IPI) and its partner Tennessee Valley Infrastructure Group (TVIG) have focused their attention this quarter on project sites in Honduras. TVIG's unit--an Integrated Infrastructure Platform or IIP--combines water and electricity production in a single integrated unit, thereby providing both products at a lower cost than could be attained for each one separately. Because of the unmet demand for clean drinking water and electricity in remote towns throughout the developing world, the need for such units is widespread. Previous visits to Honduras have resulted in strong in-country commercial interest, support in the form of memorandums of understanding by key government agencies, and identification of four prospective project sites for IIP installations. From March 5 to March 15 and with IPI support and participation, representatives from the TVIG, Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), IPI, and market research firm International Business Initiatives (IBI) conducted an intensive survey of project opportunities in the four communities, to establish how IIPs might help these four communities enhance their economic development, A key aspect of the projects examined is the need to make them economically self-supporting so that they will be viable in the private sector. Summary of specific project site studies follow here, and feasibility studies for the four sites are included as attachments.

  1. 12 CFR 614.4351 - Computation of lending and leasing limit base.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Computation of lending and leasing limit base... POLICIES AND OPERATIONS Lending and Leasing Limits § 614.4351 Computation of lending and leasing limit base. (a) Lending and leasing limit base. An institution's lending and leasing limit base is composed...

  2. 12 CFR 614.4351 - Computation of lending and leasing limit base.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Computation of lending and leasing limit base... POLICIES AND OPERATIONS Lending and Leasing Limits § 614.4351 Computation of lending and leasing limit base. (a) Lending and leasing limit base. An institution's lending and leasing limit base is composed...

  3. 31 CFR Appendix A to Part 500 - Qualifying International Institutions

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Qualifying International Institutions... Pt. 500, App. A Appendix A to Part 500—Qualifying International Institutions Asian Development Bank (ADB) Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) International Bank for Reconstruction and...

  4. Internships: Lending a Hand.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cayan, Sally; Jacquart, Jamie

    1990-01-01

    The benefits derived from an internship program within a college or university graduate education classroom are discussed, as well as the program's development and operation. Benefits from such a program are viewed as affecting both the institution and the interns themselves. The institution is provided with extra staff, along with their fresh…

  5. International Academic Success: Institutional Planning & Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamilton, Kristen; Kennedy, Matthew; Crespin-Mueller, Dorys

    2010-01-01

    This study was requested by the Senate International Affairs Committee. The research questions included: (1) What factors affect the cumulative GPA (CGPA) of International students at TRU?; (2) What factors affect the retention of International students at TRU?; and (3) Are Student Success Courses among the significant factors for GPA and…

  6. International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa: Strengthening Africa's Educational Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    UNESCO International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa, 2006

    2006-01-01

    Established in 1999, the UNESCO International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa (IICBA) is one of six UNESCO Institutes and Centers under the direction of the UNESCO Secretariat. The only UNESCO Institute in Africa, it is mandated to strengthen the capacities of the teacher education institutions of its 53 member states, and promote…

  7. Documentation of the lending process

    SciTech Connect

    Chase, S.H.; Manion, J.S.; Garcia-Hohmann, J.

    1981-08-01

    US DOE has forged a partnership with the American Bankers Association, the US League of Savings Associations, and the National League of Savings and Loans to develop training materials for senior financial institution officials, loan officers and staff appraisers in the area of energy efficient considerations at the residential time of transfer. Also, training materials will be developed to enable financial institutions to educate their customers regarding residential energy efficiency. To reach this goal, the lending process must be documented to provide training material developers with an understanding of possible areas where the lending process can be most effected by energy education. Objective of this report was to document the mortgage lending process by conducting a literature search. Researchers concentrated on the role of both primary lenders and the secondary mortgage market. Also, studies were made on the types of mortgage plans, linkages between major actors (e.g., real estate agents, appraisers, senior bank officials, loan officers), guarantors (e.g., FHA, VA), and mortgage variations due to region and building type and owner.

  8. Australian Educational Institutions International Markets: A Correspondence Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mazzarol, Timothy W.; Soutar, Geoffrey N.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The global market for international students have become highly competitive and many institutions, particularly higher education institutions, rely heavily on fee income from overseas students. This study aims to examine the countries from which Australian education institutions draw such students and used this information to better…

  9. International Learning Institutions: Organization, Visions, and Missions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Hook, Steven R.

    2011-01-01

    This doctoral research examines the challenges, objectives, goals, strategies, and tactics facing leaders, administrators, faculty, students, and other stakeholders with an interest in international higher education. These broad topics necessarily encompass many factors including the market forces of globalization, increasing competition,…

  10. Institutional and Managerial Factors Affecting International Student Recruitment Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Mitchell; Heaney, Joo-Gim; Cooper, Maxine

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate international student recruitment from an institutional perspective and to consider institutional factors that may affect recruitment. Design/methodology/approach: A qualitative study is undertaken in which education marketing practitioners are interviewed regarding aspects of international…

  11. The International Institute for Labour Studies: Appraisal and Forward Look.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cox, Robert W.

    An appraisal is made of work accomplished by the International Institute for Labour Studies during the period 1965-1970, and guidelines for future development are suggested. Educational work accomplished by the institute since 1965 followed the general purpose of providing leadership education for those in labor and social policy fields. Related…

  12. International Financial Institution Policies of Conditionality and Public Pedagogy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacPhail, Scott; McGray, Robert

    2014-01-01

    Conditionalities are most broadly defined as the provisos that are to be met by a country when borrowing money from the International Financial Institutions (IFIs). Increasingly, they have proven to have far reaching consequences for countries entering into agreements with The World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and the World Trade…

  13. Improving the Internal Accounting Controls of Educational Institutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Apostolou, Nicholas G.; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Accounting controls are primarily concerned with methods and procedures that safeguard an entity's assets and ensure the reliability of its financial records. This article discusses internal control objectives as applied to educational institutions, outlines specific steps necessary to develop an effective internal control system, and mentions…

  14. "Families" in International Context: Comparing Institutional Effects across Western Societies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooke, Lynn Prince; Baxter, Janeen

    2010-01-01

    We review comparative evidence of institutional effects on families in Western societies. We focus on 2 key aspects of family life: gendered divisions of labor and people's transitions into, within, and out of relationships. Many individual-level models assume the effects are robust across countries. The international evidence over the past decade…

  15. International Network of Teacher Education Institutions: Past, Present and Future

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKeown, Rosalyn; Hopkins, Charles

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines the history, activities and future interests of the UNITWIN/UNESCO Chair on Reorienting Teacher Education to Address Sustainability and the associated International Network (IN) of Teacher Education Institutions. In 1998, the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development work programme on education for sustainable…

  16. International Student Persistence in U.S. Postsecondary Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mamiseishvili, Ketevan

    2012-01-01

    The study used the data from the Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study data set to observe the characteristics of international students in their first-year in college and examine the factors that influenced their persistence in U.S. postsecondary institutions. Results from logistic regression analysis revealed that GPA, degree…

  17. Counselors Abroad: Outcomes of an International Counseling Institute in Ireland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guth, Lorraine J.; McAuliffe, Garrett; Michalak, Megan

    2014-01-01

    As the counseling profession continues to build an international community, the need to examine cultural competence training also increases. This quantitative study examined the impact of the Diversity and Counseling Institute in Ireland (DCII) on participants' multicultural counseling competencies. Two instruments were utilized to examine…

  18. International Epidemic Intelligence at the Institut de Veille Sanitaire, France

    PubMed Central

    Rotureau, Brice; Tarantola, Arnaud; Paquet, Christophe

    2007-01-01

    The French Institute for Public Health Surveillance monitors health events of potential international importance occurring worldwide to provide timely warning to French health authorities. We reviewed the nature and place of occurrence of the last 200 events. From an individual country’s perspective, the need for multiple sources is emphasized. PMID:18258016

  19. NASA Virtual Institutes: International Bridges for Space Exploration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schmidt, Gregory K.

    2016-01-01

    NASA created the first virtual institute, the NASA Astrobiology Institute (NAI), in 2009 with an aim toward bringing together geographically disparate and multidisciplinary teams toward the goal of answering broad questions in the then-new discipline of astrobiology. With the success of the virtual institute model, NASA then created the NASA Lunar Science Institute (NLSI) in 2008 to address questions of science and human exploration of the Moon, and then the NASA Aeronautics Research Institute (NARI) in 2012 which addresses key questions in the development of aeronautics technologies. With the broadening of NASA's human exploration targets to include Near Earth Asteroids and the moons of Mars as well as the Moon, the NLSI morphed into the Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute (SSERVI) in 2012. SSERVI funds domestic research teams to address broad questions at the intersection of science and human exploration, with the underlying principle that science enables human exploration, and human exploration enables science. Nine domestic teams were funded in 2014 for a five-year period to address a variety of different topics, and nine international partners (with more to come) also work with the U.S. teams on a variety of topics of mutual interest. The result is a robust and productive research infrastructure that is not only scientifically productive but can respond to strategic topics of domestic and international interest, and which develops a new generation of researchers. This is all accomplished with the aid of virtual collaboration technologies which enable scientific research at a distance. The virtual institute model is widely applicable to a range of space science and exploration problems.

  20. Establishment of the International Power Institute. Final technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Julius E. Coles

    2000-08-04

    The International Power Institute, in collaboration with American industries, seeks to address technical, political, economic and cultural issues of developing countries in the interest of facilitating profitable transactions in power related infrastructure projects. IPI works with universities, governments and commercial organizations to render project-specific recommendations for private-sector investment considerations. IPI also established the following goals: Facilitate electric power infrastructure transactions between developing countries and the US power industry; Collaborate with developing countries to identify development strategies to achieve energy stability; and Encourage market driven solutions and work collaboratively with other international trade energy, technology and banking organizations.

  1. International Power Institute quarterly report, October--December 1997

    SciTech Connect

    1998-04-02

    The International Power Institute (IPI) held a meeting in Washington, DC, on July 30, 1997, to plan the future strategy and activities for IPI. This meeting was attended by the staff of the IPI, the Morehouse College Provost, Department of Energy officials and energy sector representatives. There were a total of 13 people attending this meeting that focused the country/regional focus of IPI and how best to achieve private sector participation in IPI activities. Based on the discussions held, it was decided that South Africa and Mexico would be the countries of initial principal focus for IPI, given the Institute`s staff`s expertise and the attractiveness of these markets for US investors in energy sector projects. In addition, the meeting concluded that the proposed fundraising program presented during the meeting should be revised and made more product oriented and other methods for private sector financing should be explored.

  2. The Impact of Federal Preemption of State Antipredatory Lending Laws on the Foreclosure Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ding, Lei; Quercia, Roberto G.; Reid, Carolina K.; White, Alan M.

    2012-01-01

    State antipredatory lending laws (APLs) are designed to protect borrowers against predatory lending that can increase the risk of default and deplete the home equity held by borrowers. Federal regulators instituted preemption that limited the scope and reach of state antipredatory lending regulations for certain lenders. Based on the variation in…

  3. [Inter-institute variations in International Normalized Ratio and thrombotest].

    PubMed

    Nozawa, T; Hayashi, S; Naiki, S; Niiya, K; Asanoi, H; Inoue, H

    1998-08-01

    Oral anticoagulant therapy is effective for reducing the risk of thromboembolic events in patients with atrial fibrillation or other heart diseases. However, the intensity of oral anticoagulation therapy required in high risk patients, especially in Japanese patients, to achieve the best balance between the prevention of thromboembolic events and bleeding complications remains unclear. The multicenter study of Toyama Warfarin Rational Dosage (TOWARD) was started in 1996 to determine the optimal level of anticoagulant therapy. This study investigated the relationship between values of thrombotest (TT) and International Normalized Ratio (INR) measured from the same samples to clarify inter-institute variations. The relationship between TT and INR was not linear but hyperbolic. Changes of INR to TT are relatively small in the TT range of more than 20% as compared with the range of 20% or less. There were considerable inter-institute variations of TT, and the coefficient of variation (CV) was 0.16 and 0.24 in the low level and high level anticoagulation samples, respectively. However, the variations became significantly small when the same reference was used. The CV of INR was 0.12 and 0.08 in the high level and low level anticoagulation samples, respectively, and very similar with the control samples without anticoagulation (0.11). The variation was small when INR was obtained from the international sensitivity index (ISI) of thromboplastin less than 1.5. TT is widely used for monitoring oral anticoagulant therapy in Japan, and is an excellent system with little inter-institute variation when a standard reference is offered. Since INR has been established as an international monitoring system, the use of INR measured with thromboplastin of small ISI is recommended for monitoring. PMID:9752617

  4. 12 CFR 195.22 - Lending test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Lending test. 195.22 Section 195.22 Banks and... Assessing Performance § 195.22 Lending test. (a) Scope of test. (1) The lending test evaluates a savings... lending test except the community development lending criterion. (b) Performance criteria. The...

  5. International certification in developing countries: the role of internal and external institutional pressure.

    PubMed

    Fikru, Mahelet G

    2014-11-01

    This paper examines the different internal and external institutional factors that affect the decision of businesses in developing countries to adopt international certification (IC). Past studies focus on pressure from international laws, the role of multinationals, and businesses mimicking practices of their counterparts in developed countries. This paper finds that, in addition to these external factors, internal factors may have a significant role. Even though environmental regulation is weak in developing countries, governments do not ignore industrial pollution and casualties. They respond by increasing bureaucratic regulations for businesses and this can affect the decision to adopt IC. Furthermore, internal pressure may come from workers' unions that push for a safe and healthy working environment. PMID:24975804

  6. The FAIMER Institute: creating international networks of medical educators.

    PubMed

    Norcini, John; Burdick, William; Morahan, Page

    2005-05-01

    One of the many products of Miriam's career was an international network of medical educators. She knew we would learn from each other and gain access to the perspectives, resources, and experiences that such a community brings. More importantly, Miriam understood the need for shared values, support, encouragement, and a sense of global citizenship that can come only from an international network of colleagues and friends. The FAIMER Institute, described in this paper, is a formalization and extension of Miriam's work and we hope it will be as successful as she was. The FAIMER Institute is a two-year fellowship program designed for medical school faculty from developing countries who have the potential to improve medical education. The first year consists of two residential sessions in the US before and after an intersession of distance learning and implementation of an educational project at the participant's home institution. The second year, completed from the Fellow's home country, involves co-mentoring a new Fellow and active engagement in the Institute's Internet discussion group. The program is designed to teach educational methods and leadership skills, as well as to develop strong professional bonds with other medical educators around the world. Preliminary data concerning the efficacy of the program have been encouraging. Fellows' perceptions of their knowledge, skills and attitudes show significant improvement. These self-assessments are supported by the outcomes, which indicate considerable scholarship as well as academic and administrative advancement. There have also been changes in the nature of the professional networks of these medical educators, which enhance their ability to undertake more complex projects in an innovative fashion. Finally, plans for the future focus on conducting regional Institutes in South Asia, sub-Saharan Africa and South America with the goal of fostering the creation of networks of medical educators. The current model will

  7. Continental Drift: International Students Become International Alumni and Create International Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pulley, John

    2009-01-01

    No nation would entrust its foreign relations to ambassadors bereft of international experience. Nor would a global conglomerate ignore overseas markets and expect to prosper. Yet colleges and universities have frequently taken a remarkably unsophisticated and laissez faire approach to advancing their international interests--if they have bothered…

  8. 12 CFR 563e.22 - Lending test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Lending test. 563e.22 Section 563e.22 Banks and... Assessing Performance § 563e.22 Lending test. (a) Scope of test. (1) The lending test evaluates a savings... section. The OTS will not consider these loans under any criterion of the lending test except...

  9. 12 CFR 345.22 - Lending test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Lending test. 345.22 Section 345.22 Banks and... REINVESTMENT Standards for Assessing Performance § 345.22 Lending test. (a) Scope of test. (1) The lending test... consider these loans under any criterion of the lending test except the community development...

  10. 12 CFR 563e.22 - Lending test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Lending test. 563e.22 Section 563e.22 Banks and... Assessing Performance § 563e.22 Lending test. (a) Scope of test. (1) The lending test evaluates a savings... section. The OTS will not consider these loans under any criterion of the lending test except...

  11. 12 CFR 345.22 - Lending test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Lending test. 345.22 Section 345.22 Banks and... REINVESTMENT Standards for Assessing Performance § 345.22 Lending test. (a) Scope of test. (1) The lending test... consider these loans under any criterion of the lending test except the community development...

  12. Energy crises and cooperation: Do international institutions matter?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chakarova, Vessela P.

    The risk of an oil supply disruption still exists. Oil reserves are increasingly concentrated in a handful of unreliable regimes, plagued by piracy and terrorism. Natural disasters and chokepoint incidents have increased in frequency. In addition, oil is expected to remain a significant part of the energy mix up until 2030. By that time Europe will be importing 90% of its oil. Thus, oil supply security will become an increasingly important feature of European politics. One way to counter the noxious consequences of an oil disruption is to cooperate. International cooperation is a critical factor in any type of crisis, however, it is especially important when it comes to a finite, highly concentrated and critical commodity like oil. The lack of coordination might lead to scrambling and oil hoarding, which dramatically exacerbate the crisis. Yet cooperation in the oil issue-area has been the subject of only a few studies, none of which provides a systematic and comprehensive analysis. They are also limited in their scope and findings. This dissertation aims to partially fill this lacuna. It employs a structured focused comparison to study European consumer countries' cooperation in times of oil supply shortages. There have been fifteen such crises since the Second World War, three of which with dramatic consequences for the world economy. The analysis evaluates European cooperative efforts in seven of these cases, starting with the Abadan crisis in 1951. The cases are selected on the basis of their magnitude and economic impact. In particular, I look at intergovernmental negotiations within existing international bodies prior to, during and immediately after the crisis. The findings suggest that institutions are more likely to facilitate interstate cooperation in the presence of a strong leader (a hegemon) - a role, which in the case of the oil issue-area was assumed by the US until the early 1970s.

  13. Lending sociodynamics and economic instability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hawkins, Raymond J.

    2011-11-01

    We show how the dynamics of economic instability and financial crises articulated by Keynes in the General Theory and developed by Minsky as the Financial Instability Hypothesis can be formalized using Weidlich’s sociodynamics of opinion formation. The model addresses both the lending sentiment of a lender in isolation as well as the impact on that lending sentiment of the behavior of other lenders. The risk associated with lending is incorporated through a stochastic treatment of loan dynamics that treats prepayment and default as competing risks. With this model we are able to generate endogenously the rapid changes in lending opinion that attend slow changes in lending profitability and find these dynamics to be consistent with the rise and collapse of the non-Agency mortgage-backed securities market in 2007/2008. As the parameters of this model correspond to well-known phenomena in cognitive and social psychology, we can both explain why economic instability has proved robust to advances in risk measurement and suggest how policy for reducing economic instability might be formulated in an experimentally sound manner.

  14. [International scientific cooperation of research institutions with higher medical educational institutions under Ministry of Health of Ukraine in 2001].

    PubMed

    Horban', Ie M; Petrashenko, P R; Iel'chyts', T V; Blyzniuk-Khodorovs'ka, H I

    2002-01-01

    An analysis was performed of international scientific cooperation of research establishments with higher medical educational institutions under Ministry of Health of Ukraine in 2001. Prospects opened up to its development are discussed. PMID:12669530

  15. South Carolina's SC LENDS: Optimizing Libraries, Transforming Lending

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamby, Rogan; McBride, Ray; Lundberg, Maria

    2011-01-01

    Since SC LENDS started operating in June 2009, more public libraries have come on board. All of this on the back end connects to a Mozilla-based staff client that has distributions for Mac OS X and Microsoft Windows, using SSL encryption to keep communications secure and private between remote libraries and the servers hosted at a high-end…

  16. International Power Institute`s quarterly technical progress report, July--September 1998

    SciTech Connect

    Coles, J.E.

    1998-10-30

    The International Power Institute (IPI) at Morehouse College has organized a team to design and create a Short Term Training Program for ESKOM Union Leaders which will last four weeks and take place at a location in South Africa to be designated by ESKOM. This proposal envisions a group of no more than 25 union leaders to be trained at the same time but the program could be expanded to accommodate up to 40 trainees. The program is designed around interactive training with lectures followed by discussion, case studies, trainee work groups, homework assignments and two field study visits. Also, the program is designed to have a number of ESKOM management people join the course for one day in the second week and one day at the end, in each case after a half day of preparation in separate sessions from the union leaders, to share with the trainees expectations and, at the end of the program, their course experiences. In addition, IPI has prepared a follow on proposal for a Long Term Training Program. This LT program is specified in less detail but can be expanded based on future discussions with ESKOM management. The training program is designed with the following objectives: determine and identify the most pressing problems facing ESKOM Union Leadership in their relationship with management; instill in the union leadership a heightened sense of purpose and willingness to take ownership of a process that will increase effective outcomes of meaningful, good faith bargaining; develop skills and experience leading to improved union administration; enhance realistic expectations and improve process knowledge to facilitate future labor negotiations and grievance proceedings; and provide participants with enhanced skills and knowledge to develop and/or strengthen a functioning, democratic work culture and structure internal to the union.

  17. ECORS Truc Vert'08: a Multi-Institutional International Nearshore Field Experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Senechal, N.; Ardhuin, F.

    2008-12-01

    A large multi-institutional international field experiment (ECORS Truc Vert'08) was conducted Feb-April 2008 on the southern part of the French Atlantic coastline. More than 120 scientists, students and technicians participated to this effort coming from 3 continents and 6 countries : Australia (University of New South Wales), France (SHOM, University Bordeaux I, University Pau et Pays de l'Adour, University Sud-Toulon Var, University Joseph Fourier, University Perpignan, BRGM, University Lyon 1), Great Britain (Plymouth University), New Zealand (NIWA), The Netherlands (Delft University of Technology, University of Utrecht) and USA (Naval Postgraduate School, University of Miami, Franklin and Marshall College). Truc Vert beach is a high-energy, dynamic, macrotidal, double-barred beach representative of most of the beaches on this 250 km long coastline. The inner bar can go through all the states within the intermediate classification and usually exhibits a transverse bar and rip morphology (380 m alongshore wavelength). The outer bar is changeable from linear to crescentic (720 m alongshore wavelength). The goals were to measure the hydrodynamic processes, sedimentary processes and morphologic responses on a macrotidal beach during energetic wave conditions and covering a large spectrum of spatial and temporal scales. This dataset will facilitate the validation of surf zone wave, hydrodynamic and morphodynamic models, it will lend insight into the morphodynamic evolution of three dimensional beaches and it will fill the gaps in previous nearshore data sets. A wide range of unique instrumentation was used including continuously sampled 2Hz high-resolution surfzone video cameras, daily topographic surveys, bathymetric surveys from the French naval vessels and personal watercrafts, high frequency velocity and pressure sensors, acoustic Doppler current profilers, sediment transport devices, sand porosity and grain size devices, and position-tracking drifters

  18. 12 CFR 28.53 - Accounting for fees on international loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Accounting for fees on international loans. 28... INTERNATIONAL BANKING ACTIVITIES International Lending Supervision § 28.53 Accounting for fees on international loans. (a) Restrictions on fees for restructured international loans. No banking institution...

  19. Canada-India Institutional Cooperation Project: International Partnerships in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yule, Alix

    The Canada-India Institutional Cooperation Project (CIICP) is a joint venture by the Association of Canadian Community Colleges and the governments of India and Canada designed to contribute to human resource development in India's polytechnic system. Specifically, the project seeks to develop replicable models of institutional development in 13…

  20. Bank Size and Small- and Medium-sized Enterprise (SME) Lending: Evidence from China

    PubMed Central

    SHEN, YAN; SHEN, MINGGAO; XU, ZHONG; BAI, YING

    2014-01-01

    Summary Using panel data collected in 2005, we evaluate how bank size, discretion over credit, incentive schemes, competition, and the institutional environment affect lending to small- and medium-sized enterprises in China. We deal with the endogeneity problem using instrumental variables, and a reduced-form approach is also applied to allow for weak instruments in estimation. We find that total bank asset is an insignificant factor for banks’ decision on small- and medium-enterprise (SME) lending, but more local lending authority, more competition, carefully designed incentive schemes, and stronger law enforcement encourage commercial banks to lend to SMEs. PMID:26052179

  1. 12 CFR Appendix C to Part 208 - Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending Policies

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... regulation. 1 The agencies have adopted a uniform rule on real estate lending. See 12 CFR part 365 (FDIC); 12 CFR part 208, subpart E (FRB); 12 CFR part 34, subpart D (OCC); and 12 CFR 563.100-101 (OTS). Each... lending should: • Identify the geographic areas in which the institution will consider...

  2. 12 CFR Appendix C to Part 208 - Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending Policies

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... regulation. 1 The agencies have adopted a uniform rule on real estate lending. See 12 CFR part 365 (FDIC); 12 CFR part 208, subpart E (FRB); 12 CFR part 34, subpart D (OCC); and 12 CFR 563.100-101 (OTS). Each... lending should: • Identify the geographic areas in which the institution will consider...

  3. 12 CFR Appendix C to Part 208 - Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending Policies

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... regulation. 1 The agencies have adopted a uniform rule on real estate lending. See 12 CFR part 365 (FDIC); 12 CFR part 208, subpart E (FRB); 12 CFR part 34, subpart D (OCC); and 12 CFR 563.100-101 (OTS). Each... lending should: • Identify the geographic areas in which the institution will consider...

  4. Managing an Open Access, Multi-Institutional, International Digital Library: The Digital Library of the Caribbean

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wooldridge, Brooke; Taylor, Laurie; Sullivan, Mark

    2009-01-01

    Developing an Open Access, multi-institutional, multilingual, international digital library requires robust technological and institutional infrastructures that support both the needs of individual institutions alongside the needs of the growing partnership and ensure continuous communication and development of the shared vision for the digital…

  5. 12 CFR 228.22 - Lending test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Lending test. 228.22 Section 228.22 Banks and... REINVESTMENT (REGULATION BB) Standards for Assessing Performance § 228.22 Lending test. (a) Scope of test. (1) The lending test evaluates a bank's record of helping to meet the credit needs of its assessment...

  6. 12 CFR 228.22 - Lending test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Lending test. 228.22 Section 228.22 Banks and...) COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT (REGULATION BB) Standards for Assessing Performance § 228.22 Lending test. (a) Scope of test. (1) The lending test evaluates a bank's record of helping to meet the credit needs of...

  7. 12 CFR 25.22 - Lending test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Lending test. 25.22 Section 25.22 Banks and... DEPOSIT PRODUCTION REGULATIONS Regulations Standards for Assessing Performance § 25.22 Lending test. (a) Scope of test. (1) The lending test evaluates a bank's record of helping to meet the credit needs of...

  8. 12 CFR 25.22 - Lending test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Lending test. 25.22 Section 25.22 Banks and... DEPOSIT PRODUCTION REGULATIONS Regulations Standards for Assessing Performance § 25.22 Lending test. (a) Scope of test. (1) The lending test evaluates a bank's record of helping to meet the credit needs of...

  9. 12 CFR 228.22 - Lending test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Lending test. 228.22 Section 228.22 Banks and... REINVESTMENT (REGULATION BB) Standards for Assessing Performance § 228.22 Lending test. (a) Scope of test. (1) The lending test evaluates a bank's record of helping to meet the credit needs of its assessment...

  10. Determinants of Default in P2P Lending.

    PubMed

    Serrano-Cinca, Carlos; Gutiérrez-Nieto, Begoña; López-Palacios, Luz

    2015-01-01

    This paper studies P2P lending and the factors explaining loan default. This is an important issue because in P2P lending individual investors bear the credit risk, instead of financial institutions, which are experts in dealing with this risk. P2P lenders suffer a severe problem of information asymmetry, because they are at a disadvantage facing the borrower. For this reason, P2P lending sites provide potential lenders with information about borrowers and their loan purpose. They also assign a grade to each loan. The empirical study is based on loans' data collected from Lending Club (N = 24,449) from 2008 to 2014 that are first analyzed by using univariate means tests and survival analysis. Factors explaining default are loan purpose, annual income, current housing situation, credit history and indebtedness. Secondly, a logistic regression model is developed to predict defaults. The grade assigned by the P2P lending site is the most predictive factor of default, but the accuracy of the model is improved by adding other information, especially the borrower's debt level. PMID:26425854

  11. Determinants of Default in P2P Lending

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    This paper studies P2P lending and the factors explaining loan default. This is an important issue because in P2P lending individual investors bear the credit risk, instead of financial institutions, which are experts in dealing with this risk. P2P lenders suffer a severe problem of information asymmetry, because they are at a disadvantage facing the borrower. For this reason, P2P lending sites provide potential lenders with information about borrowers and their loan purpose. They also assign a grade to each loan. The empirical study is based on loans’ data collected from Lending Club (N = 24,449) from 2008 to 2014 that are first analyzed by using univariate means tests and survival analysis. Factors explaining default are loan purpose, annual income, current housing situation, credit history and indebtedness. Secondly, a logistic regression model is developed to predict defaults. The grade assigned by the P2P lending site is the most predictive factor of default, but the accuracy of the model is improved by adding other information, especially the borrower’s debt level. PMID:26425854

  12. International Students in Transnational Mobility: Intercultural Connectedness with Domestic and International Peers, Institutions and the Wider Community

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tran, Ly Thi; Pham, Lien

    2016-01-01

    International students' connectedness with their peers, institutions and the broader community significantly affects their learning and wellbeing. It is important to understand their multiple desires for intercultural connectedness in order to nurture it. This paper analyses the motives and nature of international students' intercultural…

  13. International Student Persistence at a Faith-Based Institution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andrade, Maureen Snow

    2008-01-01

    As college and university campuses continue to increase access and diversify their enrollments, more research must examine the experiences of specific student populations and at specific institutions, particularly as these relate to student success in terms of persistence. Dominant persistence theories are often inadequate to explain the behaviors…

  14. Roles of Women's Higher Education Institutions in International Contexts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renn, Kristen A.

    2012-01-01

    Women's colleges and universities persist around the world, even as the vast majority of tertiary institutions are open to men and women. In nearly every nation, women can attend even the most elite formerly all-male universities, and in several nations women are the majority of all college students. Questions therefore arise about the continued…

  15. A Holistic Approach to International Students, Institutional Habitus and Academic Literacies in an Irish Third Level Institution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheridan, Vera

    2011-01-01

    This qualitative study examines the interplay between academic staff and international students with regard to developing academic literacies at university. Higher education has traditionally responded to increasing student diversity with the expectation that students will conform to institutional norms or habitus. In this context international…

  16. ICED Data Bank on International Programs of Higher Educational Institutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brumberg, Stephan F.

    The Data Bank is an on-going information system that collects and stores data on international programs conducted by U.S. accredited 4-year colleges and universities. Information collected is coded and stored on punch cards and processed by computer. Each program is coded in 2 ways. Data cards are prepared that contain quantitative information…

  17. Higher Education Institutions: Satisfaction and Loyalty among International Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paswan, Audhesh K.; Ganesh, Gopala

    2009-01-01

    This study empirically investigates the relationship between satisfaction with educational service augmenters and consumer loyalty within the context of the international student market. An enhanced state of consumer satisfaction, also labeled as delight, is captured by focusing on service augmenters that fall outside the domain of the core…

  18. Exploring the utility of institutional theory in analysing international health agency stasis and change.

    PubMed

    Gómez, Eduardo J

    2013-10-01

    Of recent interest is the capacity of international health agencies to adapt to changes in the global health environment and country needs. Yet, little is known about the potential benefits of using social science institutional theory, such as path dependency and institutional change theory, to explain why some international agencies, such as the WHO and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, fail to adapt, whereas others, such as the World Bank and UNAIDS, have. This article suggests that these institutional theories can help to better understand these differences in international agency adaptive capacity, while highlighting new areas of policy research and analysis. PMID:23161586

  19. Impacts of Institutional Characteristics on International Students' Choice of Private Higher Education Institutions in Malaysia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Migin, Melissa W.; Falahat, Mohammad; Yajid, Mohd Shukri Ab; Khatibi, Ali

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, Malaysia has witnessed an influx of foreign students in the local higher education institutions with the aggressive support from the Malaysian government to build Malaysia as the educational hub within the region. This is in line with Malaysia's aspiration to be a global education hub by year 2020. Besides the country level…

  20. Internalization of agri-environmental policies and the role of institutions.

    PubMed

    Stobbelaar, Derk Jan; Groot, Jeroen C J; Bishop, Carly; Hall, Jilly; Pretty, Jules

    2009-05-01

    Recent investigations have indicated that environmental and conservation policies frequently fail to reach anticipated aims, which raises concern over the cost-effectiveness of governmental policy-related expenditure. The limited effectiveness of policies is often attributed to methodological aspects of policy implementation. However, an alternative reason can be the limited internalization of policies, so that these are only implemented to a minimum level to attain benefits or avoid penalties. It is postulated that increased internalization of policies can considerably improve their effectiveness and that suitable institutional arrangements exist to support such increases in internalization. In this paper, we review the available literature on internalization and its institutional aspects, and propose a framework, based on self-determination theory, for evaluation of potential internalization by farm managers that are expected to implement policies. This method was applied to a small case study for dairy farmers in the nationally important landscape of the Northern Friesian Woodlands, The Netherlands. The results showed that organic farmers were internally motivated for nature conservation and had strong institutional links. They were more likely to internalize the goals of environmental policy schemes than conventional farmers who focused predominantly on financial rewards. We suggest that policy developers promote internalization of policies by tuning policy instruments to the specificities of farmers' motivations to preserve farmers' nature and to focus on institutional support to help internalization. PMID:19185970

  1. Investing in People, Linking Nations: The First 75 Years of the Institute of International Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Institute of International Education, New York, NY.

    Since its founding in 1919, the Institute of International Education (IIE) has been committed to strengthening mutual understanding and to encouraging the free flow of knowledge and ideas across national boundaries. Through the international programs IIE develops and administers, it has pioneered in the education of men and women of outstanding…

  2. Economic Impact of International Education at Public Post-Secondary Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ministry of Advanced Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    In this report, Roslyn Kunin and Associates, Inc. has used both primary and secondary sources to collect information on the quantitative and qualitative impact of international students in public educational institutions on the British Columbia economy. This study finds that international students studying in British Columbia bring substantial…

  3. 8 CFR 316.20 - American institutions of research, public international organizations, and designations under the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false American institutions of research, public international organizations, and designations under the International Immunities Act. 316.20 Section 316.20 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY NATIONALITY REGULATIONS GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR NATURALIZATION § 316.20...

  4. Factors Related to the Acculturation Stress of International Students in a Faith-Based Institution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Souza, Liane Videres

    2012-01-01

    The number of international students attending American educational institutions is increasing annually. Based upon Maslow theory of needs, it was hypothesized that the acculturation process contributes to stress and anxiety among international students; therefore, it is important to understand some of the variables that influence this process for…

  5. 76 FR 43385 - Lending and Investment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Office of Thrift Supervision Lending and Investment AGENCY: Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS), Treasury... on the following information collection. Title of Proposal: Lending and Investment. OMB Number:...

  6. 76 FR 28504 - Lending and Investment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Office of Thrift Supervision Lending and Investment AGENCY: Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS), Treasury... collection. Title of Proposal: Lending and Investment. OMB Number: 1550-0078. Form Number: N/A....

  7. 75 FR 58509 - Truth in Lending

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-24

    ... Regulation Z to implement changes to TILA made by the Home Ownership and Equity Act (HOEPA). 60 FR 15463; Mar... preserving responsible lending and sustainable homeownership. See 74 FR 43232; Aug. 26, 2009. The comment... amount. \\3\\ See Home Equity Lending Market; Notice of Hearings, 72 FR 30380; May 31, 2007; Home...

  8. 12 CFR 613.3100 - Domestic lending.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Domestic lending. 613.3100 Section 613.3100 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM ELIGIBILITY AND SCOPE OF FINANCING Financing for Banks Operating Under Title III of the Farm Credit Act § 613.3100 Domestic lending. (a) Definitions. For purposes of this subpart,...

  9. 12 CFR 613.3005 - Lending objective.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Lending objective. 613.3005 Section 613.3005 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM ELIGIBILITY AND SCOPE OF FINANCING Financing Under Titles I and II of the Farm Credit Act § 613.3005 Lending objective. It is the objective...

  10. International financial institutions and health in Egypt and Tunisia: change or continuity?

    PubMed

    Ismail, Sharif

    2013-01-01

    The revolutions in Egypt and Tunisia appeared to herald a re-casting of International Monetary Fund and World Bank policy across the region. Public pronouncements by the heads of both institutions in the months following February 2011 acknowledged flaws in their approach to macroeconomic advice, against a background of worsening socioeconomic indicators, widespread youth unemployment, and widening health inequalities. Evidence on the ground, however, suggests continuity rather than change in international financial institution policies in Egypt and Tunisia, notwithstanding the emergence of a powerful new player-the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. In the long term, new electoral realities and hardening public opposition in both countries seem likely to force a fundamentally different relationship between regional governments and the major international financial institutions than existed before 2011. PMID:23527454

  11. Technology assessment network building: The International Association of Technology Assessment and Forecasting Institutions

    SciTech Connect

    Williams, G.; Andersen, J.

    1996-01-01

    With the globalization of trade and the increased understanding of transboundary problems such as global climate change, the need for understanding the consequences of technological change has never been higher. Institutional arrangements necessary to assess these changes and make decision makers aware of the consequences have not necessarily adapted to these world conditions. In response to this leading technology assessment and forecasting institutions formed an international association of technology assessment and forecasting institutions to assist in the diffusion of technology assessment in the decision-making process. This paper discusses the origins of the International Association of Technology Assessment and Forecasting Institutions (IATAFI) and the goals and the vision for the organization. The articles cited represent some of the topics discussed at the first IATAFI conference in Bergen, Norway in May 1994.

  12. Analysis of the World Bank's pharmaceutical lending.

    PubMed

    Rodríguez-Monguió, Rosa; Rovira, Joan; Seoane-Vázquez, Enrique

    2007-04-01

    This article analyzes the World Bank's lending activity on pharmaceuticals and medical products (PMP) during the fiscal years (FY) 1999-2001 by regions, borrower and supplier country, and procurement method. Data for the study derived from the World Bank Project and the Business Warehouse databases. The information included all Bank projects approved during the study period. Information for the PMP procurement contracts was extracted for the health sector components of all sector projects awarded. Contract dollar amount was aggregated by borrower and supplier countries. A total of 365 contracts of PMP for a value of US$ 364.5 million (2001 prices) were awarded. International competitive bidding was the most common procurement method used representing 46.0% of the total PMP contracts amount. Domestic providers supplied 52.5% of the PMP contracts managed by the borrower countries. Twenty-two countries accounted for 97.0% of the total PMP purchased during the period of analysis. Only a small fraction of the Bank activity was directed to the pharmaceutical sector. There is a need for more involvement of the World Bank to increase accessibility, affordability and rational use of pharmaceuticals and medical products. An evaluation of the different procurement methods and their implications on drug quality and prices should be performed. PMID:16824640

  13. The Effect of Internal Marketing on Organizational Citizenship Behavior of Academic Staff in Higher Educational Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yildiz, Suleyman M.

    2016-01-01

    Due to their important roles in organizational performance, internal marketing and organizational citizenship behavior have become more interesting subjects among researchers and practitioners. However, empirical research is limited in the literature, and the relationship between these two variables in higher educational institutions is not clear.…

  14. International Multidisciplinary Learning: An Account of a Collaborative Effort among Three Higher Education Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poh, Paul S. H.; Soetanto, Robby; Austin, Stephen; Adamu, Zulkifar A.

    2014-01-01

    Requiring students to complete their course assignments in partnership and in collaboration with students from other institutions is not commonplace teaching pedagogy. Even less so when they transcend disciplines and international borders. This paper presents a brief account of an ongoing collaborative effort between Ryerson University, Coventry…

  15. International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa Newsletter. Volume 6, Number 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    UNESCO International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa, 2004

    2004-01-01

    This issue of the International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa (IICBA) Newsletter, published quarterly in English and French, focuses on the impact of decentralization of education management on education outcomes in Africa. It contains the following articles: (1) Decentralisation and School Improvement: A Comment on Research in West…

  16. An Analysis of International Partnership Programs: The Case of an Historically Disadvantaged Institution in South Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tedrow, Barbara J.; Mabokela, Reitumetse Obakeng

    2007-01-01

    International academic partnerships have the potential to enhance the participating institution's efforts to become actors in the global educational arena. The ability of partnerships to realize their objectives is affected by the relationship that the partner members have with one another and the mutual benefit each receives from the agreement.…

  17. The Behavioral Development of Korean Children in Institutional Care and International Adoptive Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Richard M.; Seol, Kyoung Ok; Sung, Miyoung; Miller, Matthew J.

    2010-01-01

    In this study, the authors compared the behavioral development of 4- to 8-year-old South Korean children placed in institutional care (n = 230) or adopted internationally (n = 382), with age of entry, parental status, reason for institutionalization, and postinstitutionalization parental contact as risk factors for institutionalized children.…

  18. Small Can Be Beautiful: Automation Efforts at the Nigerian Institute of International Affairs Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adeniran, O. R.

    1992-01-01

    The Nigerian Institute of International Affairs Library began a small automation project when complete library automation was not possible. Despite limitations, the library has successfully integrated technology into its daily operations, including computer literacy programs for the staff, maintaining offline circulation records, and producing…

  19. Role of Iraqi Higher Education Institutes in Handling National/International Environmental and Health Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Maliky, Salam J. Bash

    2012-01-01

    Huge environmental and health crises such as the use of Depleted Uranium (DU) munitions during the military activities against Iraq and the required responses are amongst the fields that Iraqi higher education institutions (HEIs) may have a crucial role. Similar international cases, such as Agent Orange (Vietnam), Three Mile Island (USA) and…

  20. The International Performance of the South African Academic Institutions: A Citation Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pouris, Anastassios

    2007-01-01

    This article reports the results of an investigation to identify the disciplinary strengths and the international standing of the higher education institutions in South Africa. Even though comparative assessments provide valuable information for research administrations, researchers and students such information is not available in South Africa…

  1. Experiences of Chinese International Students Learning English at South African Tertiary Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayliff, D.; Wang, G.

    2006-01-01

    This article aims to provide insight into the experiences of Chinese international students in some South African tertiary institutions. The study investigates their successes and failures in endeavouring to learn English and the culture shock and "learning shock" they endure when registering to study in an African country with an essentially…

  2. Structural Empowerment and Organizational Commitment of Lecturers in Private International Educational Institutions at Thailand

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Puncreobutr, Vichian

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to measure the level of structural empowerment and organizational commitment of lecturers at private international educational institutions at Thailand. Further to measure the relationship between structural empowerment and organizational commitment of lecturers. The target respondents of the study were lecturers…

  3. Constructing an Institutional Identity in University Tea Rooms: The International PhD Student Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fotovatian, Sepideh; Miller, Jenny

    2014-01-01

    This case study profiles eight international PhD students and describes the process of the construction and negotiation of their social and institutional identities in an Australian university. Audio-recorded informal conversations of the students highlight the role of social membership, staffroom interactions and language in the construction of…

  4. Sweden's International Training Programme in Education for Sustainable Development Enables Students to Change Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Jim; Neeser, Marie

    2012-01-01

    The Swedish International Training Programme in Education for Sustainable Development, which has been run annually for the past 10 years, is a five-phase program that supports participants to develop and implement a change project in their work places. It requires a team of students from an institution and provides extensive follow up. The course…

  5. International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa Newsletter. Volume 7, Number 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    UNESCO International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This issue of the International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa (IICBA) Newsletter, published bi-annually in English and French, sheds light on the needs of teachers and teacher training in emergency situations with practical approaches and strategies provided on capacity building in the area of teacher education. Furthermore, it…

  6. Institutionalisation of Internal Quality Assurance: Focusing on Institutional Work and the Significance of Disciplinary Differences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vukasovic, Martina

    2014-01-01

    The study suggests that institutionalisation of a comprehensive and systematic approach to internal quality assurance of higher education institutions inspired by the Bologna Process has regulative, normative and cultural-cognitive dimensions. It includes development of structures and procedures for quality assurance, as well as boosting of the…

  7. Evaluating the Virtual Institution: The Flashlight Project Evaluation of International University. AIR 1998 Annual Forum Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zuniga, Robin Etter; Pease, Pamela

    International University (IU) is an independent, nonprofit, "virtual" institution that offers baccalaureate and master's degrees in business communication via classes conducted entirely on the World Wide Web and Internet. Courses are developed by experts in the field of business communications; IU then compiles the necessary study guides, reading…

  8. The Global Competition for International Students: Governmental Policies and Institutional Practices in Singapore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Katina Louise

    2012-01-01

    As the number of students seeking higher education outside their home country continues to rise and the competition to attract these students becomes more expansive and more intense, governments and institutions strategize to draw international students to their countries and campuses. Motivations range from revenue generation to capacity…

  9. International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa Newsletter. Volume 7, Number 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    UNESCO International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa, 2005

    2005-01-01

    Over the past three decades, practitioners have been reminded at workshops, seminars, and conferences that gender equity is an issue for effectiveness of development programs, not just a matter of political correctness, or as some colleagues believe, kindness to women. This issue of the International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa…

  10. 12 CFR 25.22 - Lending test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... geographies in the bank's assessment area(s); (3) Borrower characteristics. The distribution, particularly in... individuals or geographies. (c) Affiliate lending. (1) At a bank's option, the OCC will consider loans by...

  11. 12 CFR 345.22 - Lending test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... (iii) The number and amount of loans in low-, moderate-, middle-, and upper-income geographies in the... individuals or geographies. (c) Affiliate lending. (1) At a bank's option, the FDIC will consider loans by...

  12. 12 CFR 345.22 - Lending test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... (iii) The number and amount of loans in low-, moderate-, middle-, and upper-income geographies in the... individuals or geographies. (c) Affiliate lending. (1) At a bank's option, the FDIC will consider loans by...

  13. 12 CFR 345.22 - Lending test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... (iii) The number and amount of loans in low-, moderate-, middle-, and upper-income geographies in the... individuals or geographies. (c) Affiliate lending. (1) At a bank's option, the FDIC will consider loans by...

  14. 12 CFR 228.22 - Lending test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...-, and upper-income geographies in the bank's assessment area(s); (3) Borrower characteristics. The... of low- or moderate-income individuals or geographies. (c) Affiliate lending. (1) At a bank's...

  15. 12 CFR 228.22 - Lending test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...-, moderate-, middle-, and upper-income geographies in the bank's assessment area(s); (3) Borrower... credit needs of low- or moderate-income individuals or geographies. (c) Affiliate lending. (1) At a...

  16. 12 CFR 25.22 - Lending test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... geographies in the bank's assessment area(s); (3) Borrower characteristics. The distribution, particularly in... individuals or geographies. (c) Affiliate lending. (1) At a bank's option, the OCC will consider loans by...

  17. 12 CFR 25.22 - Lending test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... geographies in the bank's assessment area(s); (3) Borrower characteristics. The distribution, particularly in... individuals or geographies. (c) Affiliate lending. (1) At a bank's option, the OCC will consider loans by...

  18. 75 FR 66553 - Truth in Lending

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-28

    ...The Board is publishing for public comment an interim final rule amending Regulation Z (Truth in Lending). The interim rule implements Section 129E of the Truth in Lending Act (TILA), which was enacted on July 21, 2010, as Section 1472 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. TILA Section 129E establishes new requirements for appraisal independence for consumer credit......

  19. International Council for Laboratory Animal Science: International activities. Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources annual report, 1993--1994

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-09-01

    In late 1987, the Interagency Research Animal Committee (IRAC) requested that the Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources (ILAR), National Research Council (NRC), National Academy of Sciences, reestablish US national membership in the International Council for Laboratory Animal Science (ICLAS). The ICLAS is the only worldwide organization whose goal is to foster the humane use of animals in medical research and testing. ILAR`s Mission Statement reflects its commitment to producing highly respected documents covering a wide range of scientific issues, including databases in genetic stocks, species specific management guides, guidelines for humane care of animals, and position papers on issues affecting the future of the biological sciences. As such, ILAR is recognized nationally and internationally as an independent, scientific authority in the development of animal sciences in biomedical research.

  20. 12 CFR 365.2 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 365.2 Section... POLICY REAL ESTATE LENDING STANDARDS Real Estate Lending Standards § 365.2 Real estate lending standards... estate, or that are made for the purpose of financing permanent improvements to real estate. (b)(1)......

  1. 12 CFR 34.62 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 34.62 Section 34.62 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REAL ESTATE LENDING AND APPRAISALS Real Estate Lending Standards § 34.62 Real estate lending standards. (a) Each national bank...

  2. 12 CFR 365.2 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 365.2 Section... POLICY REAL ESTATE LENDING STANDARDS Real Estate Lending Standards § 365.2 Real estate lending standards... estate, or that are made for the purpose of financing permanent improvements to real estate. (b)(1)......

  3. 12 CFR 34.62 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 34.62 Section 34.62 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REAL ESTATE LENDING AND APPRAISALS Real Estate Lending Standards § 34.62 Real estate lending standards. (a) Each national bank...

  4. 12 CFR 365.2 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 365.2 Section... POLICY REAL ESTATE LENDING STANDARDS Real Estate Lending Standards § 365.2 Real estate lending standards... estate, or that are made for the purpose of financing permanent improvements to real estate. (b)(1)......

  5. 12 CFR 34.62 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 34.62 Section 34.62 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REAL ESTATE LENDING AND APPRAISALS Real Estate Lending Standards § 34.62 Real estate lending standards. (a) Each national bank...

  6. 12 CFR 365.2 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 365.2 Section 365.2 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY REAL ESTATE LENDING STANDARDS Real Estate Lending Standards § 365.2 Real estate lending standards. (a) Each insured state nonmember bank...

  7. 12 CFR 34.62 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 34.62 Section 34.62 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REAL ESTATE LENDING AND APPRAISALS Real Estate Lending Standards § 34.62 Real estate lending standards. (a) Each national bank...

  8. 12 CFR 560.101 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 560.101 Section 560.101 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LENDING AND INVESTMENT Lending and Investment Provisions Applicable to all Savings Associations § 560.101 Real estate lending standards. (a) Each savings...

  9. 12 CFR 34.62 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 34.62 Section 34.62 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REAL ESTATE LENDING AND APPRAISALS Real Estate Lending Standards § 34.62 Real estate lending standards. (a) Each national bank shall adopt and maintain written...

  10. Technologies development for environmental restoration and waste management: International university and research institution and industry partnerships

    SciTech Connect

    Herndon, R.C.; Moerlins, J.E.; Kuperberg, J.M.

    1996-12-31

    The Institute for Central and Eastern European Cooperative Environmental Research (ICEECER) at Florida State University was formed in 1990 soon after the end of the Cold War. ICEECER consists of a number of joint centers which link FSU, and US as well as international funding agencies, to academic and research institutions in Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic, Russia, and the other countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the Newly Independent States. Areas of interest include risk assessment, toxicology, contaminated site remediation/characterization, waste management, emergency response, environmental technology development/demonstration/transfer, and some specialized areas of research (e.g., advanced chemical separations). Through ICEECER, numerous international conferences, symposia, training courses, and workshops have also been conducted on a variety of environmental topics. This paper summarizes the mission, structure, and administration of ICEECER and provides information on the projects conducted through this program at FSU.

  11. The International Standing Conference for the History of Education and "Paedagogica Historica": A Historical View on Institutional Strategies and Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuchs, Eckhardt

    2014-01-01

    This article seeks to contribute to the institutional history of the discipline of history of education by examining the publication strategies and the associated institutional practices of the International Standing Conference for the History of Education, the international organisation representing those working in the field, and…

  12. Global Health: The Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health: Vision and Mission, Programs, and Accomplishments

    PubMed Central

    Breman, Joel G.; Bridbord, Kenneth; Kupfer, Linda E.; Glass, Roger I.

    2011-01-01

    Summary The Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the U.S. National Institutes of Health has supported long-term (>6 months) basic, clinical and applied research training and research for over 3,600 future leaders in science and public health from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs); tens of thousands more persons have received short-term training. FIC started these programs in 1988 with the flagship HIV/AIDS International Training and Research Program (AITRP) in response to the global pandemic. More than 23 extramural training and research programs plus an intramural program are now operating – all in collaboration with other Institutes and Centers at NIH, U.S. government agencies, foundations, and partner institutions in LMICs and the U.S. While infectious diseases still reign mightily in Sub-Saharan African and South East Asian countries, non-communicable diseases are emerging globally, including in LMICs. Newer FIC training programs are addressing chronic, non-communicable diseases and strengthening the quality of medical schools and health care provider training, in addition to expanding expertise in infectious diseases. The model for successful training is based on long-term commitments, institutional strengthening, “twinning” of research centers, focus on local problems, and active mentoring. Trainees from Africa, Asia, and Latin America have made notable scientific contributions to global health, attained leadership positions, and received special recognition nationally and internationally. As the FIC programs are institutional-strengthening partnerships and candidates are carefully selected and mentored, close to 90% of FIC trainees return to their countries of origin. After returning home the FIC-trained leaders have continued to mentor and train thousands of individuals in their home countries. PMID:21896356

  13. [Establishment and support of the International Power Institute]. Quarterly technical progress report, October--December, 1997

    SciTech Connect

    Coles, J.E.

    1998-04-02

    This is the quarterly report of the International Power Institute for October--December 1997. The topics of the report include pre-cooperative agreement activities, a discussion of the deputy director position, the IPI brochure, exploration of collaborative arrangements, formation of the IPI advisory board, a review of the advisory board meeting, report of a meeting with African electric utility executives, report of a visit to South Africa to explore a collaborative relationship.

  14. Research and collaboration overview of Institut Pasteur International Network: a bibliometric approach toward research funding decisions

    PubMed Central

    Mostafavi, Ehsan; Bazrafshan, Azam

    2014-01-01

    Background: Institut Pasteur International Network (IPIN), which includes 32 research institutes around the world, is a network of research and expertise to fight against infectious diseases. A scientometric approach was applied to describe research and collaboration activities of IPIN. Methods: Publications were identified using a manual search of IPIN member addresses in Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE) between 2006 and 2011. Total publications were then subcategorized by geographic regions. Several scientometric indicators and the H-index were employed to estimate the scientific production of each IPIN member. Subject and geographical overlay maps were also applied to visualize the network activities of the IPIN members. Results: A total number of 12667 publications originated from IPIN members. Each author produced an average number of 2.18 papers and each publication received an average of 13.40 citations. European Pasteur Institutes had the largest amount of publications, authored papers, and H-index values. Biochemistry and molecular biology, microbiology, immunology and infectious diseases were the most important research topics, respectively. Geographic mapping of IPIN publications showed wide international collaboration among IPIN members around the world. Conclusion: IPIN has strong ties with national and international authorities and organizations to investigate the current and future health issues. It is recommended to use scientometric and collaboration indicators as measures of research performance in IPIN future policies and investment decisions. PMID:24596896

  15. Direct Lending: How To Improve Implementation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jepsen, Keith

    This evaluation study developed 29 recommendations concerning the implementation of direct loans in providing financial assistance to postsecondary school students. The investigation included examination of a current Department of Education (ED) pilot program, a video teleconference to discuss direct lending with 23 individuals in education…

  16. 75 FR 80675 - Truth in Lending

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-23

    ..., (75 FR 66554) make the following corrections: 1. On page 66555, in the first column, line 24, correct... interim final rule published in the ] Federal Register of October 28, 2010 (75 FR 66554) (Docket No. R... October 28, 2010 (75 FR 66554) (Docket No. R- 1394), amending Regulation Z (Truth in Lending) to...

  17. In Search of Global Health Justice: A Need to Reinvigorate Institutions and Make International Law.

    PubMed

    Harmon, Shawn H E

    2015-12-01

    The recent outbreak of Ebola in West Africa has killed thousands of people, including healthcare workers. African responses have been varied and largely ineffective. The WHO and the international community's belated responses have yet to quell the epidemic. The crisis is characteristic of a failure to properly comply with the International Health Regulations 2005. More generally, it stems from a failure of international health justice as articulated by a range of legal institutions and instruments, and it should prompt us to question the state and direction of approaches to the governance of global public health. This paper queries what might be done to lift global public health as a policy arena to the place of prominence that it deserves. It argues that there are at least two critical reasons for the past, present and easily anticipated future failings of the global public health regime. After exploring those, it then articulates a new way forward, identifying three courses of action that might be adopted in realising better health outcomes and global health justice, namely value, institutional and legal reform. PMID:26113422

  18. The International Environmental Institute: Leveraging the investment in Hanford for economic growth

    SciTech Connect

    Atkin, S.D.; Schwenk, R.M.

    1994-02-01

    Billions of dollars are being invested to achieve environmental compliance at the Hanford Site. The 30-yr-plan for the Site calls for remediation and restoration followed by rampdown and closure of the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) mission at the Site. The investment of the Federal government during this restoration period provides a real opportunity to go beyond the cleanup mission and convert the Site`s assets to other uses that benefit the region, nation, and world. The International Environmental Institute (Institute) was created to help realize this opportunity. This is accomplished by utilizing the assets of the Site -- it`s land, equipment, facilities, technologies, and people -- to achieve economic growth and worldwide spinoff benefits from the Hanford investment. The Institute is developing new ways of getting the private sector involved with the Hanford Site. We are working with local and state governments, academia, and the private sector, to jointly develop and commercialize environmental technologies and to redeploy, loan, or lease those assets that are no longer needed by the DOE. The Institute is also interacting with other communities around the world to assess models, issues, and performance measures for successful defense conversion. Through these various worldwide partnerships, the investment in Hanford can be successfully leveraged to help create the desired economic future for the Northwest and environmental industry for the world.

  19. [Leishmania epidemiology, diagnosis, chemotherapy and vaccination approaches in the international network of Pasteur Institutes].

    PubMed

    Louzir, Hechmi; Aoun, Karim; Späth, Gerald F; Laouini, Dhafer; Prina, Eric; Victoir, Kathleen; Bouratbine, Aïda

    2013-12-01

    Protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania generate severe human diseases termed leishmaniases. Due to their frequency and the severity of certain clinical forms, these diseases represent a major public health problem and limit the economic growth in various developing countries. The presence of Pasteur Institutes in countries with endemic leishmaniasis has provided important incentives to develop a strong public health agenda in the Pasteur scientific community with respect to this important disease. A concerted effort is now coordinated through the recently created LeishRIIP platform (www.leishriip.org), which aims to identify synergies and complementary expertise between the eleven members of the international network of Pasteur Institutes working on various aspects of the disease including epidemiology, diagnosis, chemotherapy and vaccination. PMID:24356147

  20. An internal health systems research portfolio assessment of a low-income country research institution

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background In order to determine the type and amount of health systems research being conducted within ICDDR,B (also known as the Centre), a leading research institution in Bangladesh, an internal review of all on-going research protocols was conducted in September 2007. Methods A review of all ongoing research protocols within the Centre was conducted. The names of the investigators and the institutional divisions of the protocols were removed in order to decrease the amount of reviewer bias. The building blocks of the World Health Organization's "Framework for Action" on health systems was used to categorize the protocols considered to be health systems research projects. Several additional items were collected, e.g. the highest level of education completed by the Principal Investigator. A total dollar value was placed on the health systems research portfolio of the institution based on the budgets of the selected protocols. Results As of September 2007 16 out of 118 (13.5%) reviewed protocols were considered to be health systems research projects. Results of the six building blocks of the health system categorization demonstrated that a majority of these protocols involved elements of health services delivery. There was very little engagement in more downstream systems and policy research that involved leadership and governance of the health system. Eleven of the HSR studies were local in scope, while there was only one study that has a multinational focus. The Centre's total dollar value for the health systems research project portfolio added up to US$ 3,723,331. Conclusions This internal review can serve as a snap shot of on-going activities, and as a baseline for future assessments against which to monitor progress in the area of health systems research. Further, it can serve as a model for other institutions striving to assess and develop health systems research programmes and capacity. PMID:20370900

  1. [The development of the international network of Pasteur Institutes from 2003 to 2013].

    PubMed

    Moulin, Anne-Marie

    2014-01-01

    The expansion of the Institut Pasteur international network from 2003 to the present day, has coincided with the strengthening of a common legal framework, associated to a Declaration of shared scientific and ethical values qualified as "Pasteurian". The article explores the originality of the network, emphasises the importance of its reference to a shared history, and hypothesizes the ongoing fabrication of an esprit de corps uniting scientists coming from a variety of communities. The RIIP may thus be the tool of a scientific diplomacy working to lessen the inequalities in the domain of scientific and medical knowledge, in an unstable world. PMID:24472466

  2. 1992 Environmental Summer Science Camp Program evaluation. The International Environmental Institute of Westinghouse Hanford Company

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-07-01

    This report describes the 1992 Westinghouse Hanford Company/US Department of Energy Environmental Summer Science Camp. The objective of the ``camp`` was to motivate sixth and seventh graders to pursue studies in math, science, and the environment. This objective was accomplished through hands-on fun activities while studying the present and future challenges facing our environment. The camp was funded through Technical Task Plan, 424203, from the US Department of Energy-Headquarters, Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management, Technology Development,to Westinghouse Hanford Company`s International Environmental Institute, Education and Internship Performance Group.

  3. Lending Patterns Among Large Borrowing Institutions in KOMRML.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Monroe, Elizabeth Jean

    During 1970 it became increasingly clear that with limited funds from the National Library of Medicine (NLM), some mechanism would have to be found to control the ever-increasing interlibrary loan (ILL) workload of the Kentucky-Ohio-Michigan Regional Medical Library (KOMRML). It was obvious that NLM could not completely support the document…

  4. Interfacing a Biosurveillance Portal and an International Network of Institutional Analysts to Detect Biological Threats

    PubMed Central

    Shigematsu, Mika; Chow, Catherine; McKnight, C. Jason; Linge, Jens; Doherty, Brian; Dente, Maria Grazia; Declich, Silvia; Barker, Mike; Barboza, Philippe; Vaillant, Laetitia; Donachie, Alastair; Mawudeku, Abla; Blench, Michael; Arthur, Ray

    2014-01-01

    The Early Alerting and Reporting (EAR) project, launched in 2008, is aimed at improving global early alerting and risk assessment and evaluating the feasibility and opportunity of integrating the analysis of biological, chemical, radionuclear (CBRN), and pandemic influenza threats. At a time when no international collaborations existed in the field of event-based surveillance, EAR's innovative approach involved both epidemic intelligence experts and internet-based biosurveillance system providers in the framework of an international collaboration called the Global Health Security Initiative, which involved the ministries of health of the G7 countries and Mexico, the World Health Organization, and the European Commission. The EAR project pooled data from 7 major internet-based biosurveillance systems onto a common portal that was progressively optimized for biological threat detection under the guidance of epidemic intelligence experts from public health institutions in Canada, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The group became the first end users of the EAR portal, constituting a network of analysts working with a common standard operating procedure and risk assessment tools on a rotation basis to constantly screen and assess public information on the web for events that could suggest an intentional release of biological agents. Following the first 2-year pilot phase, the EAR project was tested in its capacity to monitor biological threats, proving that its working model was feasible and demonstrating the high commitment of the countries and international institutions involved. During the testing period, analysts using the EAR platform did not miss intentional events of a biological nature and did not issue false alarms. Through the findings of this initial assessment, this article provides insights into how the field of epidemic intelligence can advance through an

  5. 12 CFR Appendix A to Subpart D of... - Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... uniform rule on real estate lending. See 12 CFR part 365 (FDIC); 12 CFR part 208, subpart C (FRB); 12 CFR part 34, subpart D (OCC); and 12 CFR 563.100-101 (OTS). Each institution's policies must be...” means “total risk-based capital” as defined in appendix A to 12 CFR part 208. For insured state...

  6. 12 CFR Appendix A to Subpart D of... - Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... uniform rule on real estate lending. See 12 CFR part 365 (FDIC); 12 CFR part 208, subpart C (FRB); 12 CFR part 34, subpart D (OCC); and 12 CFR 563.100-101 (OTS). Each institution's policies must be...” means “total risk-based capital” as defined in appendix A to 12 CFR part 208. For insured state...

  7. 12 CFR Appendix A to Subpart D of... - Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... uniform rule on real estate lending. See 12 CFR part 365 (FDIC); 12 CFR part 208, subpart C (FRB); 12 CFR part 34, subpart D (OCC); and 12 CFR 563.100-101 (OTS). Each institution's policies must be...” means “total risk-based capital” as defined in appendix A to 12 CFR part 208. For insured state...

  8. 12 CFR Appendix A to Subpart D of... - Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... uniform rule on real estate lending. See 12 CFR part 365 (FDIC); 12 CFR part 208, subpart C (FRB); 12 CFR part 34, subpart D (OCC); and 12 CFR 563.100-101 (OTS). Each institution's policies must be...” means “total risk-based capital” as defined in appendix A to 12 CFR part 208. For insured state...

  9. Factors Affecting International Students' Transition to Higher Education Institutions in the United States--From the Perspective of Office of International Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kwon, Yangyi

    2009-01-01

    The study defines international students and identifies their needs and the factors influencing their transition to higher education institutions in the U.S. Even though international students' transition has been well researched, specific attention has not been focused on differences in how they adjust themselves to new environments depending on…

  10. The Role of Institutional Dual Embeddedness in the Strategic Local Adaptation of International Branch Campuses: Evidence from Malaysia and Singapore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shams, Farshid; Huisman, Jeroen

    2016-01-01

    Past research revealed that International Branch Campuses (IBCs) are simultaneously under two types of isomorphic pressures. On the one hand, they are obliged to conform to the institutions of their host countries, which lead them towards homogenising with the local Higher Education Institutions (HEIs), hence deviate from their parent unit's…

  11. 12 CFR 952.4 - Targeted Community Lending Plan

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Targeted Community Lending Plan 952.4 Section... SHEET ITEMS COMMUNITY INVESTMENT CASH ADVANCE PROGRAMS § 952.4 Targeted Community Lending Plan Each Bank shall develop and adopt an annual Targeted Community Lending Plan pursuant to § 944.6 of this chapter....

  12. 12 CFR 952.4 - Targeted Community Lending Plan

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Targeted Community Lending Plan 952.4 Section... SHEET ITEMS COMMUNITY INVESTMENT CASH ADVANCE PROGRAMS § 952.4 Targeted Community Lending Plan Each Bank shall develop and adopt an annual Targeted Community Lending Plan pursuant to § 944.6 of this chapter....

  13. 60 FR 35353 - Real Estate Lending and Appraisals

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    1995-07-07

    ... Office of the Comptroller of the Currency 12 CFR Part 34 RIN 1557-AB48 Real Estate Lending and Appraisals... modernize and clarify the real estate lending rules, reduce unnecessary regulatory burdens, and, consistent... clarify the OCC's real estate lending regulations. Discussion Part 34 consists of the following...

  14. 12 CFR 952.4 - Targeted Community Lending Plan

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Targeted Community Lending Plan 952.4 Section... SHEET ITEMS COMMUNITY INVESTMENT CASH ADVANCE PROGRAMS § 952.4 Targeted Community Lending Plan Each Bank shall develop and adopt an annual Targeted Community Lending Plan pursuant to § 944.6 of this chapter....

  15. 12 CFR 952.4 - Targeted Community Lending Plan

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Targeted Community Lending Plan 952.4 Section... SHEET ITEMS COMMUNITY INVESTMENT CASH ADVANCE PROGRAMS § 952.4 Targeted Community Lending Plan Each Bank shall develop and adopt an annual Targeted Community Lending Plan pursuant to § 944.6 of this chapter....

  16. 12 CFR 390.265 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 390.265 Section 390.265 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY REGULATIONS TRANSFERRED FROM THE OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION Lending and Investment § 390.265 Real estate lending standards. (a) Each...

  17. 12 CFR 614.4360 - Lending and leasing limit violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Lending and leasing limit violations. 614.4360... OPERATIONS Lending and Leasing Limits § 614.4360 Lending and leasing limit violations. (a) Each loan, except... and leasing limit on the date the loan is made, and at all times thereafter. Except as provided for...

  18. Caribbean International Undergraduates' "Resisting, Reframing and Reaffirming" of Their Ethnic Identity at a Four Year Institution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malcolm, Zaria T.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the ethnic identity experiences of Caribbean international students in the context of the over-generalized and homogenous aspects of their institutional discourse on international students. It also sought to consider their identification with their native backgrounds and the United States in view of their…

  19. Coastline Community College World Trade Center Institute Business and International Education Program. Final Performance Report: A Summary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Platt, Chet; Secord, Debra A.

    Under a Title VI-B grant, California's Coastline Community College (CCC) conducted a needs assessment survey establishing a database of international training needs, developed five courses and 10 workshops in international business, and formed the World Trade Center Institute (WTCI). This report provides information on the activities and…

  20. The Establishment of Marine Protected Areas in Senegal: Untangling the Interactions Between International Institutions and National Actors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ferraro, Gianluca; Brans, Marleen; Dème, Moustapha; Failler, Pierre

    2011-04-01

    International institutions, understood as sets of rules contained in international agreements, are aimed at orienting national governments towards specific policy options. Nevertheless, they can determine a change in national policies and practices only if states are willing and capable of incorporating international obligations into their national legislations and ensuring their application and enforcement in areas that follow completely under national jurisdiction. The establishment of marine protected areas promoted by international agreements as a tool for the protection of marine resources represents an interesting case for revealing the complex interactions between international institutions and national actors. Particularly, the establishment of these areas in Senegal shows the salience of domestic constellations of actors who may support or undercut national commitments to international regimes: political elites, bureaucracies, the general public and target groups. By anchoring the empirical analysis to an actor-centred institutionalist perspective, the article explains how dynamic constellations of actors can distort the penetration of international objectives in the national policy framework. Different constellations of national actors can indeed bend international institutions at different moments: during the formulation of a new law in line with international obligations; in the definition of its implementation framework; and in the enforcement of national policies.

  1. [Factors affecting access to health care institutions by the internally displaced population in Colombia].

    PubMed

    Mogollón-Pérez, Amparo Susana; Vázquez, María Luisa

    2008-04-01

    In Colombia, the on-going armed conflict causes displacement of thousands of persons that suffer its economic, social, and health consequences. Despite government regulatory efforts, displaced people still experience serious problems in securing access to health care. In order to analyze the institutional factors that affect access to health care by the internally displaced population, a qualitative, exploratory, and descriptive study was carried out by means of semi-structured individual interviews with a criterion sample of stakeholders (81). A narrative content analysis was performed, with mixed generation of categories and segmentation of data by themes and informants. Inadequate funding, providers' problems with reimbursement by insurers, and lack of clear definition as to coverage under the Social Security System in Health pose barriers to access to health care by the internally displaced population. Bureaucratic procedures, limited inter- and intra-sector coordination, and scarce available resources for public health service providers also affect access. Effective government action is required to ensure the right to health care for this population. PMID:18392351

  2. Complete internal audit of a mammography service in a reference institution for breast imaging*

    PubMed Central

    Badan, Gustavo Machado; Roveda Júnior, Décio; Ferreira, Carlos Alberto Pecci; de Noronha Junior, Ozeas Alves

    2014-01-01

    Objective Undertaking of a complete audit of the service of mammography, as recommended by BI-RADS®, in a private reference institution for breast cancer diagnosis in the city of São Paulo, SP, Brazil, and comparison of results with those recommended by the literature. Materials and Methods Retrospective, analytical and cross-sectional study including 8,000 patients submitted to mammography in the period between April 2010 and March 2011, whose results were subjected to an internal audit. The patients were followed-up until December 2012. Results The radiological classification of 7,249 screening mammograms, according to BI-RADS, was the following: category 0 (1.43%), 1 (7.82%), 2 (80.76%), 3 (8.35%), 4 (1.46%), 5 (0.15%) and 6 (0.03%). The breast cancer detection ratio was 4.8 cases per 1,000 mammograms. Ductal carcinoma in situ was found in 22.8% of cases. Positive predictive values for categories 3, 4 and 5 were 1.3%, 41.3% and 100%, respectively. In the present study, the sensitivity of the method was 97.1% and specificity, 97.4%. Conclusion The complete internal audit of a service of mammography is essential to evaluate the quality of such service, which reflects on an early breast cancer detection and reduction of mortality rates. PMID:25741052

  3. Application of the International Life Sciences Institute Key Events Dose-Response Framework to food contaminants.

    PubMed

    Fenner-Crisp, Penelope A

    2012-12-01

    Contaminants are undesirable constituents in food. They may be formed during production of a processed food, present as a component in a source material, deliberately added to substitute for the proper substance, or the consequence of poor food-handling practices. Contaminants may be chemicals or pathogens. Chemicals generally degrade over time and become of less concern as a health threat. Pathogens have the ability to multiply, potentially resulting in an increased threat level. Formal structures have been lacking for systematically generating and evaluating hazard and exposure data for bioactive agents when problem situations arise. We need to know what the potential risk may be to determine whether intervention to reduce or eliminate contact with the contaminant is warranted. We need tools to aid us in assembling and assessing all available relevant information in an expeditious and scientifically sound manner. One such tool is the International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI) Key Events Dose-Response Framework (KEDRF). Developed as an extension of the WHO's International Program on Chemical Safety/ILSI mode of action/human relevance framework, it allows risk assessors to understand not only how a contaminant exerts its toxicity but also the dose response(s) for each key event and the ultimate outcome, including whether a threshold exists. This presentation will illustrate use of the KEDRF with case studies included in its development (chloroform and Listeriaonocytogenes) after its publication in the peer-reviewed scientific literature (chromium VI) and in a work in progress (3-monochloro-1, 2-propanediol). PMID:23077190

  4. The international Solid Earth Virtual Research Observatory (iSERVO) institute seed project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mora, P.; Donnellan, A.; Fox, G.; Pierce, M.; Matsu'Ura, M.; McLeod, D.; Yin, X.

    2003-12-01

    Numerical simulation models that capture the essential physics and dynamics of the solid earth system provide a critical means to probe the earth's complex system behaviour. The APEC Cooperation for Earthquake Simulation (ACES) was established to develop simulation models for the complete physics of earthquakes and related processes, to foster collaboration between complementary national programs, and to foster development of research infrastructure. Research by ACES participants is summarised in 3 special issues of PAGEOPH (2000, 2002, and in press). Solid earth simulator programs linked via ACES include a new 5 year program to establish a national facility in Australia (Australian Computational Earth Systems Simulator MNRF), USA programs being developed by NASA JPL in collaboration with science centers, and Japan's new Centre of Excellence in predictability of the evolution and variation of the multi-scale earth system. Plans are now commencing to establish the framework for an international institute for computational earth system simulation to maximise benefits of these international efforts. The institute will make extensive use of the World Wide Web, computational Grid technologies, and multi-tiered information architectures to allow simulation models and data to be manipulated by symbolic means in a way not previously possible. A seed iSERVO project is underway to illustrate the approach. It involves development of web based services and portals to enable different numerical simulation models contributed by Australia, Japan and USA to be run using several "standard" crustal fault system models (strike-slip, intraplate, and subduction). The iSERVO Grid is being constructed from Web services enhanced to be consistent with Grid Forum standards. The system uses distributed computing including high performance computers and distributed heterogeneous databases using OGSA interfaces. These are accessed with portals exploiting the new portlet standards. The i

  5. International Centre for Geohazards (ICG) Established at the Norwegian Geotechnical Institute in Oslo, Norway.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Solheim, A.; Nadim, F.

    2003-12-01

    As one of 13 new `Centres of Excellence' awarded by the Norwegian Research Council with a 10-year funding schedule, the International Centre for Geohazards (ICG) was established at the Norwegian Geotechnical Institute (NGI), in January 2003. The Centre is formed through a co-operation between several institutions, which in addition to NGI are the Gelogical Survey of Norway (NGU), Norwegian Seismic Array (NORSAR), University of Oslo (UiO) and the Norwegian University for Science and Technology (NTNU). The Centre is located in the NGI building in Oslo, Norway. Funding is for 10 years, and the centre is staffed by researchers from the partner institutions, visiting scientists, post-doctoral fellows and Ph.D. students. With the ultimate goal of geohazard mitigation and preventing the loss of lives and damage to infrastructure and environment, key research topics of the Centre are: Unsaturated soils and mechanisms for precipitation-induced slides in steep slopes; Risk and vulnerability analysis for geohazards; Earthquake hazard, vulnerability and risk evaluation; Rock slope failures - models and risks; Landslides in soft clay slopes (quick clay), fjord margins and coastal zones; GIS applications to geohazards; SAR applications to geohazards; Slide dynamics and mechanics of disintegration; Tsunami modelling and prediction; and Offshore Geohazards. As prospecting for hydrocarbons move into increasingly deeper waters of the world's continental margins, research on offshore geohazard forms an important activity of the new centre. Main offshore geohazards include slope instability, effects of shallow gas and gas hydrates on the behaviour of seafloor sediments, mud volcanism and diapirism. Of these, slope instability is considered to be the major hazard, because of the potentially serious third party impact. The current offshore geohazards project within ICG consists of three main themes: Assessment of offshore geohazards (site surveys); Geophysical methods for offshore

  6. International Reports. International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions; A Canadian-American Librarianship or an American-Canadian Librarianship in the 21st Century?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tabb, Winston; Birdsall, William F.

    2002-01-01

    Includes two reports: one from the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) that discusses digital libraries, standards, collaboration, and membership and structure of IFLA; and one that considers Canadian-American librarianship in the 21st century, including federal government policy, copyright reform, and…

  7. 12 CFR 365.2 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... approved by the bank's board of directors at least annually. (2) The lending policies must establish: (i) Loan portfolio diversification standards; (ii) Prudent underwriting standards, including...

  8. Approaches of Integrated Watershed Management Project: Experiences of the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mula, Rosana P.; Wani, Suhas P.; Dar, William D.

    2008-01-01

    The process of innovation-development to scaling is varied and complex. Various actors are involved in every stage of the process. In scaling the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)-led integrated watershed management projects in India and South Asia, three drivers were identified--islanding approach,…

  9. Summary of Studies of Cost Analysis in Educational Planning and Management by the International Institute for Educational Planning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogers, Daniel C.

    This booklet lists and summarizes a number of studies of cost analysis in educational planning and management that have been published by the International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP). Section A lists 27 IIEP case studies, of which 12 are summarized briefly. Section B presents a fairly lengthy summary and description of another IIEP…

  10. The Development of Evaluation Model for Internal Quality Assurance System of Dramatic Arts College of Bunditpattanasilpa Institute

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sinthukhot, Kittisak; Srihamongkol, Yannapat; Luanganggoon, Nuchwana; Suwannoi, Paisan

    2013-01-01

    The research purpose was to develop an evaluation model for the internal quality assurance system of the dramatic arts College of Bunditpattanasilpa Institute. The Research and Development method was used as research methodology which was divided into three phases; "developing the model and its guideline", "trying out the actual…

  11. Attracting the World: Institutional Initiatives' Effects on International Students' Decision to Enroll

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bohman, Eric

    2014-01-01

    Community colleges have increased their efforts to attract international students, but little is known how these active efforts influence international students' decisions to attend a community college. This longitudinal study focuses on international students at one community college that embarked on an active international student…

  12. Inverse treatment planning for spinal robotic radiosurgery: an international multi-institutional benchmark trial.

    PubMed

    Blanck, Oliver; Wang, Lei; Baus, Wolfgang; Grimm, Jimm; Lacornerie, Thomas; Nilsson, Joakim; Luchkovskyi, Sergii; Palazon Cano, Isabel; Shou, Zhenyu; Ayadi, Myriam; Treuer, Harald; Viard, Romain; Siebert, Frank-Andre; Chan, Mark K H; Hildebrandt, Guido; Dunst, Jürgen; Imhoff, Detlef; Wurster, Stefan; Wolff, Robert; Romanelli, Pantaleo; Lartigau, Eric; Semrau, Robert; Soltys, Scott G; Schweikard, Achim

    2016-01-01

    Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is the accurate, conformal delivery of high-dose radiation to well-defined targets while minimizing normal structure doses via steep dose gradients. While inverse treatment planning (ITP) with computerized optimization algorithms are routine, many aspects of the planning process remain user-dependent. We performed an international, multi-institutional benchmark trial to study planning variability and to analyze preferable ITP practice for spinal robotic radiosurgery. 10 SRS treatment plans were generated for a complex-shaped spinal metastasis with 21 Gy in 3 fractions and tight constraints for spinal cord (V14Gy < 2 cc, V18Gy < 0.1 cc) and target (coverage > 95%). The resulting plans were rated on a scale from 1 to 4 (excellent-poor) in five categories (constraint compliance, optimization goals, low-dose regions, ITP complexity, and clinical acceptability) by a blinded review panel. Additionally, the plans were mathemati-cally rated based on plan indices (critical structure and target doses, conformity, monitor units, normal tissue complication probability, and treatment time) and compared to the human rankings. The treatment plans and the reviewers' rankings varied substantially among the participating centers. The average mean overall rank was 2.4 (1.2-4.0) and 8/10 plans were rated excellent in at least one category by at least one reviewer. The mathematical rankings agreed with the mean overall human rankings in 9/10 cases pointing toward the possibility for sole mathematical plan quality comparison. The final rankings revealed that a plan with a well-balanced trade-off among all planning objectives was preferred for treatment by most par-ticipants, reviewers, and the mathematical ranking system. Furthermore, this plan was generated with simple planning techniques. Our multi-institutional planning study found wide variability in ITP approaches for spinal robotic radiosurgery. The participants', reviewers', and mathematical match

  13. Can't see the (bamboo) forest for the trees: examining bamboo's fit within international forestry institutions.

    PubMed

    Buckingham, Kathleen Carmel; Wu, Liangru; Lou, Yiping

    2014-10-01

    Over the centuries, governments and international agencies have developed a wide range of institutions to manage timber resources and conserve values provided by treed lands. Concerns regarding the sustainable supply of timber have provided opportunities for the development of substitute resources; however, bamboo and other non-timber forest resources have not been a part of the development of these institutions. Bamboo is a unique Non-Timber Forest Product, as it is often classified as forest or timber, and therefore must adhere to the same regulations as timber. Given the recent global expansion of bamboo, it is timely to examine the interplay between bamboo and the traditional institutions of forest governance. This paper aims to contribute to debates regarding cognitive institutional constraints on the development of substitute natural resources using bamboo as a case study, with specific focus on the applicability of Forest Stewardship Council certification, timber legality verification and Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation to bamboos. PMID:24293019

  14. The Education Lending Policy of the European Investment Bank

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuijnman, Albert

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to present the latest Education Lending Policy (ELP) of the European Investment Bank (EIB), adopted by the Board of Governors in 2008. It is structured in two parts. The first briefly presents the EIB in general and the evolution of its education lending portfolio in particular. This sets the stage for the second…

  15. 13 CFR 120.150 - What are SBA's lending criteria?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false What are SBA's lending criteria? 120.150 Section 120.150 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Policies Applying to All Business Loans Credit Criteria for Sba Loans § 120.150 What are SBA's lending criteria? The applicant (including an...

  16. 12 CFR 208.51 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 208.51 Section 208.51 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM... Appraisal Standards § 208.51 Real estate lending standards. (a) Adoption of written policies. Each...

  17. 12 CFR 208.51 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 208.51 Section 208.51 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM... Appraisal Standards § 208.51 Real estate lending standards. (a) Adoption of written policies. Each...

  18. 12 CFR 208.51 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 208.51 Section 208.51 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM... Appraisal Standards § 208.51 Real estate lending standards. (a) Adoption of written policies. Each...

  19. 12 CFR 208.51 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 208.51 Section 208.51 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM... Appraisal Standards § 208.51 Real estate lending standards. (a) Adoption of written policies. Each...

  20. Public Lending Right: A History of the Idea.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stave, Thomas

    1981-01-01

    Discusses the history of the public lending right in terms of the debate between authors and librarians, factors which have influenced growth of author compensation for library lending, and its development (or status) in Scandinavia, The Netherlands, West Germany, Great Britain, Australia, and New Zealand. Thirty-five references are listed. (CHC)

  1. 61 FR 11294 - Real Estate Lending and Appraisals

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    1996-03-20

    ... Office of the Comptroller of the Currency 12 CFR Part 34 RIN 1557-AB48 Real Estate Lending and Appraisals... the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) is revising its rules governing real estate lending as part of...), and E (Other Real Estate Owned) (OREO) of 12 CFR part 34. 1 In the NPRM, the OCC proposed to ]...

  2. 12 CFR 1292.4 - Targeted Community Lending Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Targeted Community Lending Plan. 1292.4 Section 1292.4 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY HOUSING GOALS AND MISSION COMMUNITY INVESTMENT CASH ADVANCE PROGRAMS § 1292.4 Targeted Community Lending Plan. Each Bank shall develop and...

  3. 12 CFR 32.4 - Calculation of lending limits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... bank's capital category for purposes of 12 U.S.C. 1831o and 12 CFR 6.3. (b) Effective date. (1) A bank... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Calculation of lending limits. 32.4 Section 32.4 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LENDING LIMITS §...

  4. 12 CFR 208.51 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 208.51 Section 208.51 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM... Appraisal Standards § 208.51 Real estate lending standards. (a) Adoption of written policies. Each...

  5. The International Time Service of the National Geographic Institute (IGNA Laboratory) Argentina

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gómez, D.; Cimbaro, S.

    2014-06-01

    The "International Time Service" (Servicio Internacional de la Hora, SIH) at the Instituto Geográfico National Argentino (IGNA, formerly Instituto Geográfico Militar Argentino, IGMA), has contributed to the maintenance of the international time scale since its creation in 1931. In 2010 the IGNA started a process of upgrading its time laboratory with the objective of improving its contribution to the computation of the international reference time scales at the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM).

  6. Attitudes of International Music Students from East Asia toward US Higher Education Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Choi, Jin Ho

    2013-01-01

    Nine National Association of Schools of Music (NASM) accredited universities in the United States (US) with the greatest populations of international students were surveyed to identify the status of East Asian international students' attitudes toward their schools. Among East Asian international music students at US higher education…

  7. IMF-lending programs and suicide mortality.

    PubMed

    Goulas, Eleftherios; Zervoyianni, Athina

    2016-03-01

    While the economic consequences of IMF programs have been extensively analyzed in the literature, much less is known about how key welfare indicators, including suicide-mortality rates, correlate with countries' participation in such programs. This paper examines the impact of IMF lending on suicide mortality, using data from 30 developing and transition countries that received non-concessionary IMF loans during 1991-2008. Our results support the hypothesis of a positive causal relationship between suicide mortality and participation in IMF programs but reveal no systematic suicide-increasing effect from the size of IMF loans. This holds after accounting for self-selection into programs, resulting from the endogeneity of a country's decision to resort to the IMF for funding, and after controlling for standard socio-economic influences on suicidal behaviour. In particular, we find a positive aggregate suicide-mortality differential due to IMF-program participation of between 4 and 14 percentage points. We also find that the positive association between suicides and program participation is stronger and more robust among males. Comparing age groups, individuals belonging to the age group 45-to-64 exhibit the highest increase in suicide due to program-participation, which amounts to over 18 percentage points. Overall, our results imply that when countries are exposed to IMF programs in an attempt to resolve their economic problems, social-safety nets need to be designed to protect the adversely-affected part of the population. PMID:26874823

  8. An Attempt of International Liberal Arts Education for Nurturing “Global Engineers” at Tokyo Institute of Technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nohara, Kayoko; Kawamoto, Shishin; Kusakabe, Osamu

    Engineering students are increasingly expected to perform as “global engineers” to lead the society as opinion leaders in finding proper directions for science and engineering developments. The Tokyo Institute of Technology is offering “the knowledge, thinking ability, and skills as the basis for its students to play active roles as international leaders reaching across the boundaries of professional areas.” This new trial, including overseas internship programmes, is unique as it tries to provide “international liberal arts education that is capable of answering the needs of engineering students.”

  9. From Vision to Reality: Managing Tensions in the Development and Implementation of an International Collaborative Partnership Programme for Institutional Change and Sustainable Development in Inclusive Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siska, Jan; van Swet, Jacqueline; Pather, Sulochini; Rose, David

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this article is to consider the practical implications of international collaborative partnerships between and within higher education institutions (HEIs) in terms of the development of an international programme in Special Needs Education as well as its implementation. We first look at the heavy institutional demands set within…

  10. NASA'S Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute: An international approach toward bringing science and human exploration together for mutual benefit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schmidt, Gregory

    2016-07-01

    The NASA Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute (SSERVI) is a virtual institute focused on research at the intersection of science and explora-tion, training the next generation of lunar scientists, and community development. The institute is a hub for opportunities that engage the larger scientific and exploration communities in order to form new interdis-ciplinary, research-focused collaborations. Its relative-ly large domestic teams work together along with in-ternational partners in both traditional and virtual set-tings to bring disparate approaches together for mutual benefit. This talk will describe the research efforts of the nine domestic teams that constitute the U.S. com-plement of the Institute and how it is engaging the in-ternational science and exploration communities through workshops, conferences, online seminars and classes, student exchange programs and internships. The Institute is centered on the scientific aspects of exploration as they pertain to the Moon, Near Earth Asteroids (NEAs) and the moons of Mars. It focuses on interdisciplinary, exploration-related science cen-tered around all airless bodies targeted as potential human destinations. Areas of study reported here will represent the broad spectrum of lunar, NEA, and Mar-tian moon sciences encompassing investigations of the surface, interior, exosphere, and near-space environ-ments as well as science uniquely enabled from these bodies. The technical focus ranges from investigations of plasma physics, geology/geochemistry, technology integration, solar system origins/evolution, regolith geotechnical properties, analogues, volatiles, ISRU and exploration potential of the target bodies. SSERVI enhances the widening knowledgebase of planetary research by acting as a bridge between several differ-ent groups and bringing together researchers from the scientific and exploration communities, multiple disci-plines across the full range of planetary sciences, and domestic and

  11. The NASA Solar System Exploration Virtual Institute: International Efforts in Advancing Lunar Science with Prospects for the Future

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schmidt, Gregory K.

    2014-01-01

    The NASA Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute (SSERVI), originally chartered in 2008 as the NASA Lunar Science Institute (NLSI), is chartered to advance both the scientific goals needed to enable human space exploration, as well as the science enabled by such exploration. NLSI and SSERVI have in succession been "institutes without walls," fostering collaboration between domestic teams (7 teams for NLSI, 9 for SSERVI) as well as between these teams and the institutes' international partners, resulting in a greater global endeavor. SSERVI teams and international partners participate in sharing ideas, information, and data arising from their respective research efforts, and contribute to the training of young scientists and bringing the scientific results and excitement of exploration to the public. The domestic teams also respond to NASA's strategic needs, providing community-based responses to NASA needs in partnership with NASA's Analysis Groups. Through the many partnerships enabled by NLSI and SSERVI, scientific results have well exceeded initial projections based on the original PI proposals, proving the validity of the virtual institute model. NLSI and SSERVI have endeavored to represent not just the selected and funded domestic teams, but rather the entire relevant scientific community; this has been done through many means such as the annual Lunar Science Forum (now re-named Exploration Science Forum), community-based grass roots Focus Groups on a wide range of topics, and groups chartered to further the careers of young scientists. Additionally, NLSI and SSERVI have co-founded international efforts such as the pan-European lunar science consortium, with an overall goal of raising the tide of lunar science (and now more broadly exploration science) across the world.

  12. Internationalizing Canadian Colleges and Institutes: The First National Report on International Education and Mobility

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Canadian Community Colleges, 2010

    2010-01-01

    In 2009, the Association of Canadian Community Colleges (ACCC), with the support of Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC) and the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT), launched the first national survey on international education and mobility at Canadian colleges. This will act as a baseline study, allowing…

  13. Assessment of Professional Training Programmes in International Agricultural Research Institutions: The Case of ICRAF

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wanjiku, Julliet; Mairura, Franklin; Place, Frank

    2010-01-01

    The following survey was undertaken in 2005 to assess the effectiveness of professional training activities in international agricultural research organizations that were undertaken between 1999 and 2002 at ICRAF (International Centre for Research in Agroforestry), now World Agroforestry Centre, Nairobi. Trainees were randomly selected from…

  14. Attitudes of International Music Students from East Asia toward U.S. Higher Education Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Choi, Jin Ho

    2009-01-01

    Nine universities in the United States with the greatest number of international students and having an accredited music program through the National Association of Schools of Music (NASM) were selected. Survey research methodologies were used to identify the status of the international music students from East Asia in U.S. higher education…

  15. Emerging International Researchers: Findings from the Evaluation of the East Asia and Pacific Summer Institutes Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martinez, Alina; Neishi, Kristen; Parsad, Amanda; Whittaker, Karla; Epstein, Carter

    2012-01-01

    Students in science and engineering (S&E) are preparing for careers in fields where international partnerships are increasingly important to advancing knowledge and discoveries. It has been over a decade since the National Science Board (NSB) highlighted the importance of international collaboration and called for increased government…

  16. International Student Satisfaction with Student Services at the Rochester Institute of Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thiuri, Phillippa

    2011-01-01

    While there is a significant body of literature concerned with the experience of international student acclimatization to life and study on campuses all over the United States, very little of this research examines their self-reported satisfaction with student services. This study examines what services are important to international students and…

  17. Northern Lights: International Graduates of Canadian Institutions and the National Workforce

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bond, Sheryl; Areepattamannil, Shaljan; Brathwaite-Sturgeon, Gerard; Hayle, Elaine; Malekan, Majid

    2007-01-01

    This study, facilitated by university and college student service professionals, provides the direct views and lived reality of international graduates of our education system. CBIE advocates for improvements in policies and practices vis-à-vis international students and over the years has been successful in working with federal government…

  18. The NASA Solar System Exploration Virtual Institute: International Efforts in Advancing Lunar Science with Prospects for the Future

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schmidt, Gregory

    The NASA Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute (SSERVI), originally chartered in 2008 as the NASA Lunar Science Institute (NLSI), is chartered to advance both the scientific goals needed to enable human space exploration, as well as the science enabled by such exploration. NLSI and SSERVI have in succession been “institutes without walls,” fostering collaboration between domestic teams (7 teams for NLSI, 9 for SSERVI) as well as between these teams and the institutes’ international partners, resulting in a greater global endeavor. SSERVI teams and international partners participate in sharing ideas, information, and data arising from their respective research efforts, and contribute to the training of young scientists and bringing the scientific results and excitement of exploration to the public. The domestic teams also respond to NASA’s strategic needs, providing community-based responses to NASA needs in partnership with NASA’s Analysis Groups. Through the many partnerships enabled by NLSI and SSERVI, scientific results have well exceeded initial projections based on the original PI proposals, proving the validity of the virtual institute model. NLSI and SSERVI have endeavored to represent not just the selected and funded domestic teams, but rather the entire relevant scientific community; this has been done through many means such as the annual Lunar Science Forum (now re-named Exploration Science Forum), community-based grass roots Focus Groups on a wide range of topics, and groups chartered to further the careers of young scientists. Additionally, NLSI and SSERVI have co-founded international efforts such as the pan-European lunar science consortium, with an overall goal of raising the tide of lunar science (and now more broadly exploration science) across the world.

  19. The Paradox in International Cooperation: Institutionally Embedded Universities in a Global Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beerkens, Eric; Derwende, Marijk

    2007-01-01

    As a response to processes of globalisation and regional integration, internationalisation activities in universities have changed. Flows have become more massive, the range of activities has broadened, and internationalisation has shifted from a marginal activity to a central institutional issue with strategic importance (van der Wende 2001,…

  20. A Case Study: Innovation of Internal Teaching and Learning Evaluation System in Higher Education Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huiru, Yin

    2009-01-01

    The ultimate target of the education and teaching reform in higher education institutions is to improve the quality of teaching and talent training. As a key comprehensive university under the jurisdiction of the provincial government, Heilongjiang University sees its responsibility as training qualified talent to promote local economic…

  1. An Institutional Three-Stage Framework: Elevating Academic Writing and Integrity Standards of International Pathway Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Velliaris, Donna M.; Breen, Paul

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, the authors explore a holistic three-stage framework currently used by the Eynesbury Institute of Business and Technology (EIBT), focused on academic staff identification and remediation processes for the prevention of (un)intentional student plagiarism. As a pre-university pathway provider--whose student body is 98%…

  2. 8 CFR 316.20 - American institutions of research, public international organizations, and designations under the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., Sept. 1, 1956). Editorial Note: For Federal Register citations affecting § 316.20, see the List of CFR... California, San Francisco, CA. Gorgas Memorial Institute of Tropical and Preventive Medicine, Inc., and its.... 17, 1974). Food and Agriculture Organization, The (E.O. 9698, Feb 19, 1946). Great Lakes...

  3. International Relationships of Higher Education Institutions in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stephan, Rudiger

    1985-01-01

    Mobility, flexibility, and reciprocity in relations between German higher education institutions and those of other European countries are examined as they relate to the geographic and academic mobility of German students, which despite widespread efforts and the creation of new programs, have remained relatively static. (MSE)

  4. Music Confucius Institute: Evaluating Its Approach as an Agent for International Chinese Music Dissemination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guo, Wei; Li, Sheng Bing

    2016-01-01

    The paper identifies the educational and presentational functions of the Confucius Institute (MCI) at the Royal Danish Academy of Music (RDAM) as its core approaches which mostly influence Chinese cultural dissemination in its host country. The MCI's utilization of the two dissemination approaches aligns with the "receiver-centered"…

  5. 76 FR 18007 - Intermediary Lending Pilot Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-01

    ... implements section 1131 of the Small Business Jobs Act of 2010, which requires SBA to establish an... . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background Information Section 1131 of the Small Business Jobs Act of 2010, Public... institution. The loan loss reserve must be in an account separate and distinct from the ILP...

  6. Internal Grant Competitions: A New Opportunity for Research Officers to Build Institutional Funding Portfolios

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balaji, Rengarajan V.; Knisely, Christine; Blazyk, Jack

    2007-01-01

    The Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine in 2005 created an innovative competitive grant program aimed at stimulating faculty to submit more and better NIH research proposals, thereby increasing the probability of success. In this internal competition, three experienced external reviewers critique each proposal and assign a priority…

  7. International Students' Adjustment to American Higher Education Institutions in Northeast Texas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhao, Jiashi

    2013-01-01

    The rising number of international students studying in the United States makes the country a diverse educational region. Students from other countries who choose to study in the United States experience different learning systems, different social values, and different lifestyles from their home countries. According to Hofstede (1997),…

  8. Understanding Dilemmas Faced by VET Teachers and Their Implications for International Students, Teachers and VET Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nakar, Sonal

    2016-01-01

    This paper focuses on the voices and experiences of teachers, who are key stakeholders in the sustainability and future growth of vocational education and training (VET). It presents implications arising from qualitative research on the dilemmas that VET teachers face in teaching international students. In-depth interviewing with 15 VET teachers…

  9. Academic Persistence of International Student-Athletes at NCAA Division I Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kitsos, Jayne M.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined academic support programs and personnel that contributed to international student-athlete academic persistence at the National Collegiate Athletics Association (NCAA) Division I level. The purpose of the study was to identify athletic academic personnel's explanations for the academic persistence of NCAA Division I…

  10. International Students' Experiences and Attitudes at a US Host Institution: Self-Reports and Future Recommendations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Jenny J.

    2010-01-01

    This article examines international students' experiences at a US university and how these might influence them to recommend or not recommend that others from their home country attend it. Data were collected via online survey at a large public university in the US Southwest. Students from predominantly non-White regions of origin had more…

  11. International Student Self-Appraisal and Institutional Expectations. Research Report #23-89.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molla, Bekele; Sedlacek, William E.

    A questionnaire administered to 124 international students who matriculated at the University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP) in fall 1987 elicited responses on the students' secondary school activities, personal and educational goals, difficulties expected in achieving their academic and vocational goals, and their attitudes toward the…

  12. International Social Work: A Situational Analysis of Accredited CSWE Institutions in Mid-Western USA

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamin, Sylvester Amara

    2012-01-01

    The importance of International social work education these days cannot be overstated as social work has been established in nearly every part of the world. Also, globalization has been pivotal as it has facilitated the movement of people, improved technology and other social problems as well. American higher education is challenged to expand and…

  13. International Economic Diplomacy: A Guide to the Global Economy: The Issues, Institutions, and Influences.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Association of the United States of America, New York, NY.

    This guide is designed to help teachers to prepare students for the rapidly arriving new world order through study of market economics and the global economy. The central section of the guide presents 10 case studies that describe a range of international economic concepts: (1) Debt and Oil; (2) Trade and Protection; (3) Foreign Exchange; (4)…

  14. Knowledge of Palliative Care Among Medical Interns in a Tertiary Health Institution in Northwestern Nigeria

    PubMed Central

    Nnadi, Daniel Chukwunyere; Singh, Swati

    2016-01-01

    Background: Palliative care is the proactive care which seeks to maximize quality of life for people and families facing life-threatening illnesses. Objectives: To ascertain the existing knowledge of palliative care among medical interns and determine the effect of a structured educational intervention on improvement of their knowledge levels. Subjects and Methods: This is a quasi-experimental, interventional study with a one group pre- and post-test design involving medical interns rotating through the various departments of the Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto. The study population was chosen by convenience sampling method. The interns completed a pre- and a post-test assessment following a structured educational intervention for the evaluation of knowledge of palliative care. Knowledge was evaluated by a self-administered structured questionnaire. Results: A total number of 49 medical interns were recruited, among whom were 41 males and 8 females. Their ages ranged from 21 to 36 years with a mean of 27.7 (standard deviation 2.14) years. In the pretest, 11/49 (22.5%) of the respondents had poor knowledge level of palliative care; however, in the postintervention, only 2/49 (4.1%) of the respondents had poor knowledge. Similarly, good knowledge levels appreciated from 9/49 (18.4%) to 14/49 (28.6%) while very good knowledge increased from 10/49 (20.4%) to 19/49 (38.8%). This effect was statistically significant (Chi-square test 11.655 df = 3, P = 0.009). Conclusion: There is poor knowledge of palliative care among the interns due to ignorance. Following an educational intervention, the knowledge levels appreciated significantly. Palliative care should be part of the medical curriculum. PMID:27559266

  15. 12 CFR 160.100 - Real estate lending standards; purpose and scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Real estate lending standards; purpose and... LENDING AND INVESTMENT § 160.100 Real estate lending standards; purpose and scope. This section, and § 160... Improvement Act of 1991, 12 U.S.C. 1828(o), prescribe standards for real estate lending to be used by...

  16. 12 CFR 560.100 - Real estate lending standards; purpose and scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Real estate lending standards; purpose and scope. 560.100 Section 560.100 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LENDING AND INVESTMENT Lending and Investment Provisions Applicable to all Savings Associations § 560.100 Real estate lending standards; purpose...

  17. 12 CFR 160.100 - Real estate lending standards; purpose and scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Real estate lending standards; purpose and... LENDING AND INVESTMENT § 160.100 Real estate lending standards; purpose and scope. This section, and § 160... Improvement Act of 1991, 12 U.S.C. 1828(o), prescribe standards for real estate lending to be used by...

  18. 12 CFR 160.100 - Real estate lending standards; purpose and scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Real estate lending standards; purpose and... LENDING AND INVESTMENT § 160.100 Real estate lending standards; purpose and scope. This section, and § 160... Improvement Act of 1991, 12 U.S.C. 1828(o), prescribe standards for real estate lending to be used by...

  19. External and Internal Influences as Driving Forces and/or Stumbling-Blocks in the Development of the South African Quality Assurance System Nationally as Well as Institutionally.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van der Westhuizen, L. J.

    2002-01-01

    Examines the most important internal and external environmental influences directing or hampering national and institutional quality assurance and management developments, as well as their implementation, in the South African higher education system. (EV)

  20. Global Maps of Lunar Neutron Fluxes from the LEND Instrument

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Litvak, M. L.; Mitrofanov, I. G.; Sanin, A.; Malakhov, A.; Boynton, W. V.; Chin, G.; Droege, G.; Evans, L. G.; Garvin, J.; Golovin, D. V.; Harshman, K.; McClanahan, T. P.; Mokrousov, M. I.; Mazarico, E.; Milikh, G.; Neumann, G.; Sagdeev, R.; Smith, D. E.; Starr, R.; Zuber, M. T.

    2012-01-01

    The latest neutron spectrometer measurements with the Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector (LEND) onboard the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) are presented. It covers more than 1 year of mapping phase starting on 15 September 2009. In our analyses we have created global maps showing regional variations in the flux of thermal (energy range < 0.015 eV) and fast neutrons (>0.5 MeV), and compared these fluxes to variances in soil elemental composition, and with previous results obtained by the Lunar Prospector Neutron Spectrometer (LPNS). We also processed data from LEND collimated detectors and derived a value for the collimated signal of epithermal neutrons based on the comparative analysis with the LEND omnidirectional detectors. Finally, we have compared our final (after the data reduction) global epithermal neutron map with LPNS data.

  1. Understanding the Doctoral Experience of Asian International Students in the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Fields: An Exploration of One Institutional Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Le, Tam; Gardner, Susan K.

    2010-01-01

    In this study, we explored the experience of Asian international doctoral students in the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) fields at one research-extensive university. We found that Asian international doctoral students in the STEM fields at this institution were often isolated from their peers and faculty, faced an array…

  2. Socio-Economic, Environmental and Personal Factors in the Choice of Country and Higher Education Institution for Studying Abroad among International Students in Malaysia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singh, Manjet Kaur Mehar

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to understand the pull factors that influenced international students' choice of country and institution for their Master's education. Design/Methodology/ Approach: This qualitative study relied upon focus group interviews with 70 international students registered in taught Master programmes at a higher…

  3. Self-Efficacy, Perceived Social Support, and Psychological Adjustment in International Undergraduate Students in a Public Higher Education Institution in Malaysia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yusoff, Yusliza Mohd.

    2012-01-01

    The globalization of the economy and society has had its impact on Malaysian higher education institutions, particularly universities. The Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education aims at intensifying globalization through increasing the number of international students. However, many international students struggle with adjusting to a new culture.…

  4. A proposal to organize i2-EPR (International Institute for Exploring Physics with Reality)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roychoudhuri, Chandrasekhar

    2007-06-01

    Research: Our objective is to discover, visualize, understand and some times gainfully emulate (to advance our technologies) the real physical processes behind diverse interactions that are at the root of incessant cosmic and biospheric evolutions. Our focus is on discovering actual realities in nature driven by cosmic logic rather than inventing the ones that are aesthetically pleasing to our human logic. Our responsibility is to facilitate continuous evolution in our epistemology of modeling natural phenomena simultaneously exploiting the current tools of reductionism and emergence-ism that are helping us to discover rules of interactions between stable but simple (some times irreducible) entities and between complex assemblies that emerge from simpler entities. Education: Promote an educational philosophy that encourages the students to persistently enquire to visualize and understand the processes behind all interactions in nature while being conscious of their scientific epistemology. Everything that we "see" is nothing but a creative interpretation of the chain of transformations experienced by the sensor (or assemblies of sensors) that we use to observe nature. Science has so far formulated an array of working rules to model nature none of which can be declared as inviolable laws as yet. We have generated several "solved" jig-saw-puzzles which are not yet unifiable into one coherent puzzle to map the indivisible cosmic system. Outreach: Organize local and international seminars and conferences disseminating (i) the results of research, and (ii) the evolving & effective model of research (scientific epistemology) Economic wellbeing: Disseminate new technology innovation potentials to attract enhanced economic support through proper local channels.

  5. The Internet and Global Telecommunications: Exploring the Boundaries of International Coordination. A Report of the Annual Aspen Institute Roundtable on International Telecommunications (4th, Shonan Village Center, Japan, September 21-24, 1998).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kleeman, Michael J.

    The goals of the Fourth Annual Aspen Institute Roundtable on International Telecommunications were: to address procedural and substantive solutions for international coordination of Internet policy issues; to suggest different models for dispute resolution and policy coordination that might be employed in the various contexts of Internet usage;…

  6. Nature Bank and the Queensland Compound Library: unique international resources at the Eskitis Institute for Drug Discovery.

    PubMed

    Camp, David; Newman, Stuart; Pham, Ngoc B; Quinn, Ronald J

    2014-03-01

    The Eskitis Institute for Drug Discovery is home to two unique resources, Nature Bank and the Queensland Compound Library (QCL), that differentiate it from many other academic institutes pursuing chemical biology or early phase drug discovery. Nature Bank is a comprehensive collection of plants and marine invertebrates that have been subjected to a process which aligns downstream extracts and fractions with lead- and drug-like physicochemical properties. Considerable expertise in screening natural product extracts/fractions was developed at Eskitis over the last two decades. Importantly, biodiscovery activities have been conducted from the beginning in accordance with the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) to ensure compliance with all international and national legislative requirements. The QCL is a compound management and logistics facility that was established from public funds to augment previous investments in high throughput and phenotypic screening in the region. A unique intellectual property (IP) model has been developed in the case of the QCL to stimulate applied, basic and translational research in the chemical and life sciences by industry, non-profit, and academic organizations. PMID:24409958

  7. 75 FR 58489 - Regulation Z; Truth in Lending

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-24

    ... rule would have guidance on how to interpret and comply with the statutory requirements. 74 FR 60143... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM 12 CFR Part 226 Regulation Z; Truth in Lending AGENCY: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve...

  8. 7 CFR 1940.401 - Truth in lending.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Truth in lending. 1940.401 Section 1940.401 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  9. Banking on Solar: New Opportunities for Lending (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2014-08-01

    The U.S. solar industry is a $13.7 billion market with roughly 450,000 systems in place. Bank and credit union lending for solar system deployment represents a valuable new opportunity for lenders to expand their consumer and commercial customer relationships, bring on new relationships and open a new asset class category.

  10. 78 FR 17766 - Interagency Guidance on Leveraged Lending

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-22

    ... INFORMATION. \\1\\ See 77 FR 19417 ``Proposed Guidance on Leveraged Lending'' dated March 30, 2012 at https...,'' Final Supervisory Guidance, 77 FR 29458 (May 17, 2012), at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-05-17... Rule, Annual Stress Test, 77 FR 62417 (Oct. 15, 2012) (to be codified at 12 CFR part 325, subpart...

  11. 77 FR 21875 - Truth in Lending (Regulation Z)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-12

    ...The Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection (Bureau) is proposing to amend Regulation Z, which implements the Truth In Lending Act, and the official interpretation to the regulation, which interprets the requirements of Regulation Z. Regulation Z generally limits the total amount of fees that a credit card issuer may require a consumer to pay with respect to an account, limiting fees to 25......

  12. 12 CFR 160.101 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... regulation. 1 The agencies have adopted a uniform rule on real estate lending. See 12 CFR part 365 (FDIC); 12 CFR part 208, subpart C (Board); 12 CFR part 34, subpart D and 12 CFR 160.100-160.101 (OCC). Each... banks, “total capital” refers to that term described in table I of Appendix A to 12 CFR part 325....

  13. 12 CFR 560.101 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... regulation. 1 The agencies have adopted a uniform rule on real estate lending. See 12 CFR Part 365 (FDIC); 12 CFR Part 208, Subpart C (FRB); 12 CFR Part 34, Subpart D (OCC); and 12 CFR 560.100-560.101 (OTS). Each... capital” means “total risk-based capital” as defined in Appendix A to 12 CFR Part 208. For insured...

  14. 12 CFR 160.101 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... regulation. 1 The agencies have adopted a uniform rule on real estate lending. See 12 CFR part 365 (FDIC); 12 CFR part 208, subpart C (Board); 12 CFR part 34, subpart D and 12 CFR 160.100-160.101 (OCC). Each... banks, “total capital” refers to that term described in table I of appendix A to 12 CFR part 325....

  15. 12 CFR 560.101 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... regulation. 1 The agencies have adopted a uniform rule on real estate lending. See 12 CFR Part 365 (FDIC); 12 CFR Part 208, Subpart C (FRB); 12 CFR Part 34, Subpart D (OCC); and 12 CFR 560.100-560.101 (OTS). Each... capital” means “total risk-based capital” as defined in Appendix A to 12 CFR Part 208. For insured...

  16. 12 CFR 560.101 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... regulation. 1 The agencies have adopted a uniform rule on real estate lending. See 12 CFR Part 365 (FDIC); 12 CFR Part 208, Subpart C (FRB); 12 CFR Part 34, Subpart D (OCC); and 12 CFR 560.100-560.101 (OTS). Each... capital” means “total risk-based capital” as defined in Appendix A to 12 CFR Part 208. For insured...

  17. 12 CFR 160.101 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... regulation. 1 The agencies have adopted a uniform rule on real estate lending. See 12 CFR part 365 (FDIC); 12 CFR part 208, subpart C (Board); 12 CFR part 34, subpart D and 12 CFR 160.100-160.101 (OCC). Each... banks, “total capital” refers to that term described in table I of Appendix A to 12 CFR part 325....

  18. 12 CFR 560.101 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... regulation. 1 The agencies have adopted a uniform rule on real estate lending. See 12 CFR Part 365 (FDIC); 12 CFR Part 208, Subpart C (FRB); 12 CFR Part 34, Subpart D (OCC); and 12 CFR 560.100-560.101 (OTS). Each... capital” means “total risk-based capital” as defined in Appendix A to 12 CFR Part 208. For insured...

  19. 75 FR 19285 - Short-Term Lending Program (STLP)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-14

    ...This final rule governs the Short Term Lending Program (STLP), which provides financial assistance in the form of guarantees of short- term revolving lines of credit from Participating Lenders (PLs) to disadvantaged Business Enterprises (DBEs) and other certified small and disadvantaged business (SDBs) in connection with transportation-related contracts at the local, state and federal levels.......

  20. Residential Segregation and the Transformation of Home Mortgage Lending

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bond, Carolyn; Williams, Richard

    2007-01-01

    This article shows that, after decades of inequality, the 1990s saw sudden and dramatic increases in lending to low income and minority groups. Drawing in part on the work of Williams, Nesiba and McConnell (2005), we argue that government deregulation, industry restructuring and government-insured loans all fueled this growth by increasing the…

  1. 12 CFR 211.12 - Lending limits and capital requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... banks, as described in 12 CFR 250.165. (b) Loans and extensions of credit to one person—(1) Loans and... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Lending limits and capital requirements. 211.12 Section 211.12 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE...

  2. 78 FR 70194 - Truth in Lending (Regulation Z)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-25

    ... Regulation Z continues to apply to those entities.\\5\\ \\4\\ 76 FR 79768 (Dec. 22, 2011). \\5\\ Section 1029(a) of...). \\3\\ 76 FR 18354 (Apr. 4, 2011). Title X of the Dodd-Frank Act transferred rulemaking authority for a... CFR Part 226 BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION 12 CFR Part 1026 Truth in Lending (Regulation...

  3. Current Practices in Global/International Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences: Home/Host Country or Site/Institution Considerations.

    PubMed

    Alsharif, Naser Z; Dakkuri, Adnan; Abrons, Jeanine P; Williams, Dennis; Ombengi, David N; Zheng, HaiAn; Al-Dahir, Sara; Tofade, Toyin; Gim, Suzanna; O'Connell, Mary Beth; Ratka, Anna; Dornblaser, Emily

    2016-04-25

    International outreach by schools and colleges of pharmacy is increasing. In this paper, we provide current practice guidelines to establish and maintain successful global/international advanced pharmacy practice experiences (G/I APPEs) with specific recommendations for home/host country and host site/institution. The paper is based on a literature review (2000-2014) in databases and Internet searches with specific keywords or terms. Educational documents such as syllabi and memoranda of understanding (MoUs) from pharmacy programs were also examined. In addition, a preliminary draft was developed and the findings and recommendations were reviewed in a 90-minute roundtable discussion at the 2014 American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy Annual Meeting. Recommendations for the host country include travel considerations (eg, passport, visa, air travel), safety, housing, transportation, travel alerts and warnings, health issues, and financial considerations. For the home country, considerations for establishment of G/I APPE site (eg, vetting process, MoU, site expectations) are described. The paper is a resource for development of new G/I APPEs and provides guidance for continuous quality improvement of partnerships focusing on G/I pharmacy education. PMID:27170809

  4. Current Practices in Global/International Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences: Home/Host Country or Site/Institution Considerations

    PubMed Central

    Dakkuri, Adnan; Abrons, Jeanine P.; Williams, Dennis; Ombengi, David N.; Zheng, HaiAn; Al-Dahir, Sara; Tofade, Toyin; Gim, Suzanna; O’Connell, Mary Beth; Ratka, Anna; Dornblaser, Emily

    2016-01-01

    International outreach by schools and colleges of pharmacy is increasing. In this paper, we provide current practice guidelines to establish and maintain successful global/international advanced pharmacy practice experiences (G/I APPEs) with specific recommendations for home/host country and host site/institution. The paper is based on a literature review (2000-2014) in databases and Internet searches with specific keywords or terms. Educational documents such as syllabi and memoranda of understanding (MoUs) from pharmacy programs were also examined. In addition, a preliminary draft was developed and the findings and recommendations were reviewed in a 90-minute roundtable discussion at the 2014 American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy Annual Meeting. Recommendations for the host country include travel considerations (eg, passport, visa, air travel), safety, housing, transportation, travel alerts and warnings, health issues, and financial considerations. For the home country, considerations for establishment of G/I APPE site (eg, vetting process, MoU, site expectations) are described. The paper is a resource for development of new G/I APPEs and provides guidance for continuous quality improvement of partnerships focusing on G/I pharmacy education. PMID:27170809

  5. A Realistic International Economics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Culbertson, John M.

    1987-01-01

    Criticizes college textbooks for adopting a "party line" of laissez-faire economic doctrine which asserts the benefits of free trade. Offers an alternative interpretation of international trade, covering such topics as the effect of unregulated international trade on wage levels, and international lending. (JDH)

  6. 12 CFR 28.54 - Reporting and disclosure of international assets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Reporting and disclosure of international... INTERNATIONAL BANKING ACTIVITIES International Lending Supervision § 28.54 Reporting and disclosure of international assets. (a) Requirements. (1) Pursuant to section 907(a) of the International Lending...

  7. 12 CFR 28.54 - Reporting and disclosure of international assets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reporting and disclosure of international... INTERNATIONAL BANKING ACTIVITIES International Lending Supervision § 28.54 Reporting and disclosure of international assets. (a) Requirements. (1) Pursuant to section 907(a) of the International Lending...

  8. 77 FR 22625 - Intermediary Lending Pilot (ILP) Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-16

    ...The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) requests that eligible organizations submit applications to become Intermediary Lending Pilot (ILP) Intermediaries. SBA will select up to 20 applicants to participate in the ILP program and receive direct loans of up to $1,000,000 each. ILP Intermediaries must use the ILP Loan funds to make loans of up to $200,000 to startup, newly established, or......

  9. How LEND sees the water on the Moon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sanin, Anton; Mitrofanov, Igor; Litvak, Maxim; Boynton, William; Bodnarik, Julia; Hamara, Dave; Harshman, Karl; Chin, Gordon; Evans, Larry; Livengood, Timothy; McClanahan, Timothy; Sagdeev, Roald; Starr, Richard

    2016-04-01

    The Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector (LEND) is operating on orbit around the Moon on-board the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) spacecraft more than six years. LEND has been designed and manufactured to investigate presence and determine average amount of hydrogen in upper (~1 m depth) subsurface layer of the Lunar regolith with spatial resolution ~10 km from 50 km orbit and to check the hypothesis what the permanently shadowed regions (PSRs) at circumpolar regions are the main reservoirs of a large deposition of water ice on the Moon. One of most interesting and surprising LEND observations that not all large PSRs contain a detectable amount of hydrogen but there are neutron suppression regions (NSRs) with statistically significant suppression of neutron flux. The NSRs partially overlap or include PSRs in craters Cabeus, Shoemaker, Haworth (on South) and Rozhdestvensky U (on North) but significant part of their area spread out at sunlit territory. This means that hydrogen may be preserved for a long time or even accumulated at a subsurface regolith layer of sunlit areas. The majority of PSRs do not show statistically significant suppressions of neutron flux in comparison with neighbor sunlit vicinity. This implies a hypothesis what a permanent shadow is not only necessary condition for the hydrogen accumulation and preservation in the lunar subsurface. A method of water equivalent hydrogen (WEH) in top ~1 meter regolith estimation using LEND data has been developed. Maps of WEH distribution in North and South polar regions will be presented and discussed. Also, WEH estimation in case of hydrogen bearing regolith layer coverage by a dry regolith will be presented for largest NSRs.

  10. 12 CFR 390.265 - Real estate lending standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... regulation. 1 The agencies have adopted a uniform rule on real estate lending. See 12 CFR part 365 and §§ 390.264-390.265 (FDIC); 12 CFR part 208, subpart C (FRB); and 12 CFR part 34, subpart D (OCC). Each... capital” means “total risk-based capital” as defined in appendix A to 12 CFR part 208. For insured...