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1

Weathering processes and landforms The International Encyclopedia of Geography: People, the Earth,  

E-print Network

ForReview Only Weathering processes and landforms Journal: The International Encyclopedia Keywords: Abstract: The International Encyclopedia of Geography: People, the Earth, Environment illustrate how the appearance of bare-rock landforms relates to rock decay. The last section details

Dorn, Ron

2

International Petroleum Monthly  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

International Petroleum Monthly is a publication from the Energy Information Administration. The October 1999 issue shows that the United States's demand for oil is the highest worldwide, averaging 16,988 thousand barrels a day. In contrast, Canada's demand is at 1,690 thousand barrels daily.

3

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report is a monthly publication that provides current international oil data. This report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world, in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries.

NONE

1995-10-01

4

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report is a monthly publication that provides current international oil data. This report is published for the use of Members of Congress, Federal agencies, State agencies, industry, and the general public. Publication of this report is in keeping with responsibilities given the Energy Information Administration in Public Law 95-91. The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1985 through 1995.

NONE

1997-05-01

5

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report is a monthly publication that provides current international data. The report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent 12 months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1996; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1996; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996.

NONE

1997-07-01

6

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. Word oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1985 through 1995.

NONE

1996-10-01

7

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994.

NONE

1995-07-27

8

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1084 through 1994.

NONE

1996-05-01

9

Article (3.13.159) for the International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences  

E-print Network

Article (3.13.159) for the International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences is that when the condition holds true, then the action is taken. The basic idea is best illustrated with a non

Young, Richard M.

10

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994.

NONE

1996-03-01

11

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; stocks from 1973 through 1995, and trade from 1985 through 1995.

NONE

1996-12-01

12

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

This monthly publication provides current international oil data. The Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the OECD. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries.

Not Available

1994-05-01

13

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

This document is a monthly publication that provides current international oil data. The Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the OECD. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand and trade in OECD countries.

Not Available

1994-12-01

14

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the OECD. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world, presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production, oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries.

Not Available

1994-06-01

15

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

This document is a monthly publication which provides current data on international oil production,demand,imports and stocks. This report has four sections which contain time series data on world oil production and oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Also included is oil supply/demand balance information for the world, and data on oil imports and trade by OECD countries.

NONE

1997-11-01

16

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

This monthly publication provides current data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the OECD. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries.

Not Available

1995-01-01

17

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

This monthly publication provides international oil data for January 1998. The report presents data on oil production, demand, imports, and stocks in four sections. Section 1 containes time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. Section 4 containes annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries.

NONE

1998-01-01

18

International petroleum transactions  

SciTech Connect

This book is intended primarily as a casebook for students. However, it should not be discarded on these grounds because if compiles important materials that are useful to practitioners as their energy practices become global. The opening chapter is broad in scope and discusses NAFTA, GATT, the EC, and provides comprehensive and current statistical information on world energy resources and the pivotal role of host countries. Legal issues are analyzed in Chapter 2 which provides an excellent discussion of sovereign immunity and the act of state doctrine. Also, this chapter includes model clauses which are helpful even to a seasoned practitioner. Given that security of investment is critical to an international transaction, the book concludes its opening section with a discussion of expropriation issues. Part II is entitled Exploration, development and Production and is divided into four chapters. Using both cases and source materials, a comprehensive survey of ownership of mineral rights and concessions is presented. From a practitioner`s standpoint, Chapters 5 and 6 are important because of the inclusion of model clauses and contracts for production sharing arrangements, licenses, participation agreements, service contracts, and technology transfers. Chapter 8 deals with joint development and operations. The book concludes with three chapters on the history of the markets and international transactions involving oil and natural gas.

Smith, E.E.; Dzienkowski, J.S.; Anderson, O.L.; Conine, G.B.; Lowe, J.S.

1993-12-31

19

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Edited by Edward N. Zalta, Consulting Associate Professor of Philosophy at Stanford, this site claims to be the first dynamic encyclopedia. Unlike standard reference works or CD-ROMS, each entry in the Stanford Encyclopedia is maintained and kept up to date by experts in the field. As a result, the entries and the Encyclopedia as a whole are responsive to new developments in the field. The Encyclopedia is still very much under development, with many topics awaiting an entry. However, regular users may track new additions via the What's New section. Additional resources include an internal search engine and an archive of the previous three editions of the Encyclopedia.

1999-01-01

20

International Higher Education: An Encyclopedia. Volumes 1 and 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This two-volume set contains a total of 67 essays on the subject of international higher education. The essays present up-to-date, statistical, and other factual information about the topic, as well as interpretations of those facts and figures. Fifty-two essays focusing on countries or regions are included. Volume 1 contains 15 chapters that deal…

Altbach, Philip G., Ed.

21

PETROLEUM ENGINEERING With an international reputation for preparing students for  

E-print Network

PETROLEUM ENGINEERING With an international reputation for preparing students for successful entry into the petroleum industry, the graduate program in petroleum engineering at Texas Tech gives students a competitive design, and petroleum engineering software. The department is located in a geographical area

Gelfond, Michael

22

Encyclopedias Today.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides brief company profiles and describes sales methods and electronic publishing ventures for six encyclopedia publishers: Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc.; World Book; Grolier; the P.F. Collier encyclopedia division of Macmillan Publishing; Funk & Wagnalls; and Standard Educational Corp. (MES)

Whiteley, Sandy

1992-01-01

23

Copyright 2008, International Petroleum Technology Conference This paper was prepared for presentation at the International Petroleum Technology  

E-print Network

Copyright 2008, International Petroleum Technology Conference This paper was prepared for presentation at the International Petroleum Technology Conference held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 3­5 December not been reviewed by the International Petroleum Technology Conference and are subject to correction

Fossen, Haakon

24

Copyright 2007, International Petroleum Technology Conference This paper was prepared for presentation at the International Petroleum Technology  

E-print Network

Copyright 2007, International Petroleum Technology Conference This paper was prepared for presentation at the International Petroleum Technology Conference held in Dubai, U.A.E., 4­6 December 2007 reviewed by the International Petroleum Technology Conference and are subject to correction by the author

Johansen, Tor Arne

25

Music, Psychology of [To Appear in Darity's International Encyclopedia of Social Sciences, 2nd Edition, MacMillan Publishing  

E-print Network

Music, Psychology of [To Appear in Darity's International Encyclopedia of Social Sciences, 2nd Edition, MacMillan Publishing] The psychology of music is a field of scientific inquiry studying the mental operations underlying music listening, music-making, dancing (moving to music), and composing

Levitin, Daniel

26

International petroleum statistics report, March 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report is a monthly publication that provides current international oil data. This report is published for the use of Members of Congress, Federal agencies, State agencies, industry, and the general public. The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1996; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1996; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996.

NONE

1998-03-01

27

International Petroleum Statistics Report, January 1994  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade for the years 1970 through 1992; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1992; and OECD trade from 1982 through 1992.

Not Available

1994-01-31

28

International petroleum statistics report, November 1993  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1992; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1992: and OECD trade from 1982 through 1992.

Not Available

1993-11-26

29

International petroleum statistics report, October 1997  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1996; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1996; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

NONE

1997-10-01

30

International petroleum statistics report, May 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics report is a monthly publication that provides current international oil data. It presents data on international production, demand, imports and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two year. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997, and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 fig., 48 tabs.

NONE

1998-05-01

31

International Petroleum Statistics Report, July 1994  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1993; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1993; and OECD trade from 1983 through 1993. Data for the United States are developed by the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) Office of Oil and Gas. Data for other countries are derived largely from published sources, including International Energy Agency publications, the EIA International Energy Annual, and the trade press. (See sources after each section.) All data are reviewed by the International Statistics Branch of EIA. All data have been converted to units of measurement familiar to the American public. Definitions of oil production and consumption are consistent with other EIA publications.

Not Available

1994-07-26

32

International petroleum statistics report, April 1999  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance fore the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

NONE

1999-05-04

33

International petroleum statistics report, September 1995  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994. 4 figs., 45 tabs.

NONE

1995-09-01

34

International petroleum statistics report, September 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1998-09-01

35

International petroleum statistics report, February 1997  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1985 through 1995. 4 figs., 47 tabs.

NONE

1997-02-01

36

International petroleum statistics report, October 1993  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1980, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1992; OECD stocks from 1982 through 1992.

Not Available

1993-10-27

37

International petroleum statistics report, February 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1996; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1996; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

NONE

1998-02-01

38

International petroleum statistics report, March 1995  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data for March 1995 on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1993; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1993; and OECD trade from 1983 through 1993.

NONE

1995-03-30

39

International petroleum statistics report, June 1999  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1990, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years and annually for the three years prior to that. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1998; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1998; and OECD trade from 1988 through 1998. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1999-06-01

40

International petroleum statistics report, September 1994  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (ECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1993; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1993; and OECD trade from 1983 through 1993.

Not Available

1994-09-01

41

International petroleum statistics report, May 1999  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1990, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1998; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1998; and OECD trade from 1988 through 1998. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

NONE

1999-05-01

42

International petroleum statistics report, April 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on International oil production, demand, imports and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1998-04-01

43

International petroleum statistics report, April 1997  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1985 through 1995. 4 figs., 47 tabs.

NONE

1997-04-01

44

International petroleum statistics report, December 1993  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1992; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1992; and OECD trade from 1982 through 1992. 41 tabs.

Not Available

1993-12-01

45

International petroleum statistics report, December 1997  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. The balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1996; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1996; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1997-12-01

46

International petroleum statistics report, February 1994  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1992; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1992; and OECD trade from 1982 through 1992.

Not Available

1994-02-28

47

International petroleum statistics report, August 1995  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994.

NONE

1995-08-25

48

International petroleum statistics report, July 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1998-07-01

49

International petroleum statistics report, January 1999  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1999-01-01

50

International petroleum statistics report, March 1994  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1992; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1992; and OECD trade from 1982 through 1992.

NONE

1994-03-28

51

International petroleum statistics report, February 1996  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994.

NONE

1996-02-28

52

International petroleum statistics report, August 1994  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1993; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1993; and OECD trade from 1983 through 1993.

Not Available

1994-08-26

53

International petroleum statistics report, April 1994  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1993; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1993; and OECD trade from 1982 through 1992. 41 tables.

Not Available

1994-04-01

54

International petroleum statistics report, September 1996  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1985 through 1995.

NONE

1996-09-27

55

International petroleum statistics report, October 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1998-10-01

56

International petroleum statistics report, December 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1998-12-01

57

International petroleum statistics report, August 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

NONE

1998-08-01

58

International petroleum statistics report, May 1995  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1983 through 1993.

NONE

1995-05-30

59

International petroleum statistics report, February 1999  

SciTech Connect

The International petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970--1997; OECD stocks from 1973--1997; and OECD trade from 1987--1997.

NONE

1999-02-01

60

International petroleum statistics report, November 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1998-11-01

61

International petroleum statistics report, June 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

NONE

1998-06-01

62

International petroleum statistics report, March 1999  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1990, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years and annually for the three years prior to that. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarter data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

NONE

1999-03-01

63

International petroleum statistics report, November 1994  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The International production, and on oil and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1993; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1993; and OECD trade from 1983 through 1993.

Not Available

1994-11-25

64

Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 46th state, Oklahoma, presents its unusual history with the online version of The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. The Encyclopedia was prepared by over 500 "university-based scholars and independent historians and scholars," and was a joint effort by The Oklahoma Historical Society and Oklahoma State University Library Electronic Publishing Center. Visitors can click on the "Table of Contents" link near the bottom of the homepage to "Browse Entries Alphabetically", "Browse Entries Chronologically", or "Browse Entries by Subject". Browsing via chronology introduces visitors to Oklahoma starting with the "Precontact Era", through the "Westward Expansion" and on to "Twentieth Century to Present". Subject categories include "African Americans", "Farming", "Military", and "Petroleum". When searching, visitors will be taken to the Electronic Publishing Center Search Page, so they will need to choose the specific collection, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, from the drop down box, to confine the search to the Encyclopedia.

65

Copyright 2006, Society of Petroleum Engineers This paper was prepared for presentation at the 2006 Abu Dhabi International Petroleum  

E-print Network

Copyright 2006, Society of Petroleum Engineers This paper was prepared for presentation at the 2006 Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference held in Abu Dhabi, U.A.E., 5­8 November not been reviewed by the Society of Petroleum Engineers and are subject to correction by the author

Mohaghegh, Shahab

66

Encyclopedia of Rose Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Encyclopedia of Rose Science brings together a wealth of information on the rose, long treasured for its captivating perfumes and splendid colors. Now, more than ever, science plays a central place in the production of this flower at the center of one of the world's biggest floricultural industries. A team of internationally renowned experts has contributed scores of articles,

A. Roberts; T. Debener; S. Gudin; D. B. Byrne; T. Cairns; Vries de D. P; L. A. M. Dubois; G. Forkmann; M. Fruchter; J. P. F. G. Helsper; R. K. Horst; M. Jay; T. A. M. Kwakkenbosch; B. Pemberton; H. M. C. Put; S. Rajapakse; M. Reid; A. Schum; J. D. Shorthouse; Y. Ueda; A. Vainstein; Pol van de P. A; N. Zieslin

2003-01-01

67

McGraw Hill encyclopedia of science and technology. An international reference work in fifteen volumes including an index  

SciTech Connect

This extensively revised and updated 5th Edition features contributions by 3000 distinguished experts - including 16 Nobel Prize winners - working with an international advisory board and 60 consulting editors. Thorough coverage is devoted to 75 separate disciplines in science and technology, from acoustics and biochemistry through fluid mechanics and geophysics to thermodynamics and vertebrate zoology. Detailed entries examine not only the physical and natural sciences, but also all engineering disciplines, discussing both the basic and the most recent theories, concepts, terminology, discoveries, materials, methods, and techniques. All of the new developments and technical advances that have occurred during the last five years - in each of the 75 disciplines - have been added to the encyclopedia and are explored in depth. Completely new material deals with such timely and newsworthy subjects as genetic engineering, artificial intelligence, nuclear medicine, desertification, psycholinguistics, industrial robots, and immunoassay. Also covered in extensive entries are such current topics as video disk recording, metallic glasses, acoustic levitation, magnetic bubble memory, gluons, and computerized tomography. The encyclopedia includes more than 15,000 photographs, drawings, maps, charts, and diagrams, shown in full-color, two-color, or black-and-white reproductions.

Not Available

1982-01-01

68

Holocaust Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) has some tremendous online resources, and the recent addition of the Holocaust Encyclopedia continues in this tradition. The interactive Encyclopedia includes hundreds of articles that cover topics like the Third Reich, refugees, ghettos, and the liberation of Nazi camps. Each entry contains hypertext links to other entries and relevant resources, including timelines, photo galleries, and primary source documents. Visitors can use the "Browse Articles" to get started, and they should also note that the articles are available in French, Spanish, Italian, Russian, Turkish, Arabic, and six other languages. In the "Additional Resources" section, visitors will find a link to "The Holocaust: A Learning Site for Students" and a complete "A-Z" list of all the articles.

69

Price controls and international petroleum product prices  

SciTech Connect

The effects of Federal refined-product price controls upon the price of motor gasoline in the United States through 1977 are examined. A comparison of domestic and foreign gasoline prices is made, based on the prices of products actually moving in international trade. There is also an effort to ascribe US/foreign market price differentials to identifiable cost factors. Primary emphasis is on price comparisons at the wholesale level, although some retail comparisons are presented. The study also examines the extent to which product price controls are binding, and attempts to estimate what the price of motor gasoline would have been in the absence of controls. The time period under consideration is from 1969 through 1977, with primary focus on price relationships in 1970-1971 (just before US controls) and 1976-1977. The foreign-domestic comparisons are made with respect to four major US cities, namely, Boston, New York, New Orleans, and Los Angeles. 20 figures, 14 tables.

Deacon, R.T.; Mead, W.J.; Agarwal, V.B.

1980-02-01

70

International petroleum statistics report, June 1995  

SciTech Connect

The report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994. 4 figs., 45 tabs.

NONE

1995-06-27

71

International petroleum statistics report, November 1996  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1985 through 1995. 4 figs., 45 tabs.

NONE

1996-11-01

72

International petroleum statistics report: April 1996  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994. 4 figs., 45 tabs.

NONE

1996-04-01

73

Encyclopedia Mythica  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While the 2004 Athens Olympic Summer Games are now just a not-so-distant memory, the world's fascination with Greek mythology and the ancient world continues to reverberate with the public, scholars of antiquity, and other interested parties. To pique their interest, there is the lovely Encyclopedia Mythica which was founded and edited by Micha Lindemans. Here visitors can peruse areas devoted to mythology, folklore, bestiary, heroes, and take a look at some genealogy tables, which tend to be quite helpful. The featured items section is quite nice, as visitors can read the full text of a book on witchcraft, learn about the great Jewish philosopher Moses Maimonides, and read the 1898 edition of the Arabian Nights. The site has a number of other features, including a place for visitor feedback and a search feature. Rounding out the site are lists of feast days from the ancient world, along with a list of Roman deities and their Greek counterparts.

74

Encyclopedia Astronautica  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by Friends and Partners in Space and edited by Mark Wade, this site is a bit hard on the eyes, but it has few peers in terms of the sheer mountains of material it offers on spaceflight by all nations of the world. There is so much here that it is hard to decide where to begin. The main page offers a long list of highlights and new additions, most of them generously illustrated. The site may be browsed alphabetically, browsed by topic, or searched by keyword. In addition to the myriad encyclopedia entries, there are hundreds if not thousands of images, a lengthy collection of articles, a long list of references, statistics, and a spaceflight chronology. Again, the site would benefit from a reorganization and redesign, but anyone with a professional or personal interest in spaceflight will undoubtedly enjoy a visit.

75

Encyclopedia Reviews 1978  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews thirteen 1978 edition encyclopedias: Book of Art, Britannica Jr., Britannica 3, Childcraft, Collier's, Compton's. Encyclopedia Americana, Funk & Wagnalls, Merit Students, New Caton, Random House, New Standard, and World Book. (SB)

Minemier, Betty

1978-01-01

76

Petroleum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of petroleum covers: crude oil; fuels, gaseous and liquid; lubricants, oils, and greases; asphalts, bitumens, tars, and pitches; hydrocarbons; physical properties; metals in oil; nonmetallic elements and heterocompounds; and analytical methods and apparatus. (MVL)

McManus, T. R.; And Others

1989-01-01

77

Encyclopedia of Corporate Governance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Encyclopedia of Corporate Governance, or encycogov for short, is created and maintained by Henrik Mathiesen, a PhD candidate at the Department of International Economics and Management at the Copenhagen Business School. Content on the site is divided into two sections: Specific Topics and General Topics. Topics in both sections begin with a paragraph explaining the overarching definition of the principle, and link to a variety of tables, "exhibitions," and models that further illustrate the definition. For example, the Bankruptcy Systems section begins with the definition and is followed up by two tables: "Effects of bankruptcy systems on corporate performance and other kinds of institutions of relevance for corporate governance" and "International corporate governance- Tentative characterizations of legal and empirical state of large firm bankruptcy systems in various countries as of 1980-95: 1) Developing countries. 2)Germany. 3) Japan. 4) Anglo-American countries. 5) Denmark." Also included on the site are references and site users information.

78

International petroleum statistics report, January 1992. [Contains Glossary  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, consumption, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil consumption and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1980, and monthly data for the most two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/consumption balance for the market economies (i.e., non-communist countries). This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, consumption, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD consumption data are for the years 1970 through 1990; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1990; and OECD trade from 1982 through 1990.

none,

1992-01-01

79

Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence  

E-print Network

Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence Juan Ramón Rabuñal Dopico University of A Coruña, Spain of artificial intelligence / Juan Ramon Rabunal Dopico, Julian Dorado de la Calle, and Alejandro Pazos Sierra) -- ISBN 978-1-59904-850-5 (ebook) 1. Artificial intelligence--Encyclopedias. I. Rabunal, Juan Ramon, 1973

Liang, Faming

80

Encyclopedia of Planetary Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Containing more than 450 entries by some 200 eminent contributors from all over the world, the Encyclopedia of Planetary Sciences is the first book to present this information in an authoritative yet approachable way. This encyclopedia deals with the atmospheres, surfaces and interiors of the planets and moons, and with the interplanetary environment of plasma fields, as well as with

J. H. Shirley; R. W. Fairbridge

1997-01-01

81

A prototype electronic encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a prototype electronic encyclopedia implemented on a powerful personal computer, in which user interface, media presentation, and knowledge representation techniques are applied to improving access to a knowledge resource. In itself, an electronic encyclopedia is an important information resource, but this work also illustrates the issues and approaches for many types of electronic information retrieval environments. In the

Stephen A. Weyer; Alan H. Borning

1985-01-01

82

Organomineralization Encyclopedia of Geobiology  

E-print Network

Organomineralization Encyclopedia of Geobiology Joachim Reitner and Volker Thiel (eds.) Springer Fax: 33/0 238 41 73 29 insu-00377021,version1-20Apr2009 Author manuscript, published in "Encyclopedia organisms (Défarge and Trichet, 1995). These definitions were supported by illustrations of organomineral

Boyer, Edmond

83

Encyclopedia Roundup 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second annual encyclopedia summary updates the American Library Association's (ALA) evaluation of 10 sets and analyzes the deletions and additions made to each encyclopedia within the context of each publisher's revision plans. The board looked specifically for significant changes in purpose, arrangement, content style, general quality, and…

American Library Association, Chicago, IL.

84

BERKSHIRE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF SUSTAINABILITY  

E-print Network

BERKSHIRE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF SUSTAINABILITY V O L U M E S 1-10 A ground-breaking interdisciplinary@berkshirepublishing.com | Tel +1 413 528 0206 19 April, 2012 In the 10-volume Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability, experts, regional sustainability issues, and resource and ecosystem management. The ten volumes are available

Kammen, Daniel M.

85

Jewish Encyclopedia.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Standing as a testament to the wide ranging contributions of the Jewish people to world culture and history, this Web site contains the complete contents of the massive 12-volume Jewish Encyclopedia, originally published between 1901-1906 by the Funk & Wagnall's Company. Conceived and funded by the Kopelman Foundation, this compilation is the only free encyclopedia of Judaica available on the Internet. While the encyclopedia obviously does not include such topics as the creation of the state of Israel or the Holocaust, it is a rather fascinating collection that recalls an interesting period in scholarship, and is a helpful historical document. Visitors can browse by the encyclopedia by letter, along with viewing a transcription of each entry and any accompanying images included with each entry. Those who might be interested in helping compile an updated version of the encyclopedia are also invited to join the mailing list.

86

International petroleum enviromental conference (IPEC) offers opportunity for exchange of ideas.  

SciTech Connect

Oil and gas are produced in many parts of the world. Persons working in the petroleum industry can learn much by communicating with colleagues in other countries, but the opportunities for engineers and scientists to come together and discuss petroleum environmental control practices, technologies, and regulations with representatives of other countries are limited. This paper describes the very useful International Petroleum Environmental Conference (IPEC) which completed its seventh meeting in November 2000 in Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA. The 7th IPEC attracted 350 participants, including 26 participants from countries other than the United States. The 7th IPEC emphasized international issues and included more than 20 papers by international authors or on international topics. The conference covered all aspects of petroleum environmental issues and featured speakers from many disciplines. The conference included technical sessions on the following topics: Legal and Regulatory Issues in the Oil and Gas Industry; Pollution Prevention, Waste Management, and Waste Minimization; Bioremediation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons; Characterization and Remediation of Brine-Impacted Soils; Biotreatment and Bioremediation; International Issues in the Oil and Gas Industry; Phytoremediation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons; Treatment and Management of Produced Water; Forensic Geochemistry and Site Characterization/Technology Transfer; Environmentall Acceptable Endpoints; Desulfurization of Fuels and Waste Streams; Control of Air Emissions; MTBE/Phytoremediation and Natural Attenuation; and Treatment and Remediation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons. The last day of the conference was devoted to a special symposium on 'Innovative Technologies for Subsurface Characterization and Remediation.' The authors recommend this conference as a forum for industry, government, and academia to freely exchange ideas and information.

Veil, J. A.; Spiric, Z.; Environmental Assessment; INA-Naftaplin

2001-02-01

87

Encyclopedia of 1848 Revolutions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by Ohio University Professor Emeritus of History James Chastain, this online encyclopedia contains a large number of articles written by scholars from around the world on topics related to the "Springtime of the Peoples," the popular revolutions that spread across Europe in 1848. Users can browse the encyclopedia by alphabetical entry or by contributor, although the latter is not currently available. Typical entries contain one lengthy or several smaller paragraphs and a bibliography. The site also includes an introduction by Chastain which discusses the study of 1848 and the Encyclopedia's contents. Both scholars and students studying nineteenth-century Europe will find this site a handy reference resource.

Chastain, James.

88

Encyclopedia of Information Science  

E-print Network

-1-60566-026-4 (hardcover) -- ISBN 978-1-60566-027-1 (ebook) 1. Information science--Encyclopedias. 2. Information node is free to join and leave the network in a nondeterministic way. These networks do not have

Sanyal, Sugata

89

The Canadian Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 2000, Historica, a Canadian foundation dedicated to the preservation of Canadian cultural heritage, posted the first online edition of The Canadian Encyclopedia, a massive one-volume reference to Canada authored by over 4,000 Canadians. This searchable edition features more than 10,000 articles written by a broad base of Canadians who are experts in their individual subjects. (An aggressive act of intellectual egalitarianism, the work employs far more authors than the much larger, but more editorially driven, Encyclopedia Britannica.) In addition to entries written in hypertext format with bibliographies, the encyclopedia offers interactive elements, such as statistical graphs, multimedia presentations of key historical events, quizzes and games, student guides, monthly topical features, and more. The encyclopedia is accessible in French and English and has a separate student's edition as well. Note: we did find some brief instances of printer code in the entries; it would appear that another edit of the online version would be beneficial.

90

Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Wikipedia is a free online, editable encyclopedia that "all Internet users can collaborate on by writing and submitting new articles or improving existing ones." The project, which claims to be "living proof that content and knowledge can also organize themselves," uses a wiki, i.e. software to allow users to revise content. The website encourages community participation by listing Open Tasks, such as copy-editing, merging, and peer reviewing needing to be done for particular entries. The texts and media presented on Wikipedia are available to the public "to process the content further and disseminate it." There are also wikipedias in 50 other languages, including one in Esperanto, the invented international language. Users must create an account to contribute to Wikipedia, but anyone can browse the entries by topic area or search on a specific term. Within each entry are links to related items and some of the more extended entries include a table of contents for ease of navigation. Other sections of the website let you view the most recent changes (within the past seven days) or browse entries related to current events.

91

Encyclopedia of the Atmospheric Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Produced by the UK Atmosphere, Climate & Environment Information Programme, this site is designed as a one-stop resource for students and general users who have questions about atmospheric issues and terms. The encyclopedia is divided into sections, each of which contains a number of short definitions for selected terms. As a testament to the international appeal of the Simpsons, definitions for adults or younger users are noted by Mr. Burns and Bart Simpson icons, respectively. Also included are lengthy collections of related links and recommended reading.

United Kingdom. Atmosphere, Climate & Environment Information Programme.

2000-01-01

92

Encyclopedia of Planetary Sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Containing more than 450 entries by some 200 eminent contributors from all over the world, the Encyclopedia of Planetary Sciences is the first book to present this information in an authoritative yet approachable way. This encyclopedia deals with the atmospheres, surfaces and interiors of the planets and moons, and with the interplanetary environment of plasma fields, as well as with asteroids and meteorites. Processes such as accretion, differentiation, thermal evolution and impact cratering form another category of entries. Remote sensing techniques employed in investigation and exploration, such as magnetometry, photometry, and spectroscopy are described in separate articles. In addition the Encyclopedia chronicles the history of planetary science, including biographies of pioneering scientists, and detailed descriptions of all major lunar and planetary missions and programs. The Encyclopedia of Planetary Sciences is superbly illustrated throughout with over 450 line drawings, 180 black and white photographs, and 63 colour illustrations. It will be a key reference source for planetary scientists, astronomers, and workers in related disciplines such as geophysics, geology and the atmospheric sciences. Included in this book is a PC and Mac compatible CD-ROM containing over 200 relevant planetary and related images available from NASA. This CD-ROM has been specially compiled for the Encyclopedia by The United States National Space Science Data Center.

Shirley, J. H.; Fairbridge, R. W.

1997-09-01

93

Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created as part of an interdisciplinary international effort to take a critical look at the phenomenon of mass violence, the Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence is supported by a number of organizations, including The Center for International Research and Studies and The Foundation for the Memory of the Shoah. The primary purpose of the Encyclopedia Project is "to create a regularly updated electronic database focusing on massacres and genocides of the 20th century." First-time visitors can use the interactive map of the world on the homepage to begin their exploration of the site. Within each region of the world (and by extension, each individual country), visitors can read chronological indexes, case studies, and take a look at scholarly reviews of works related to each region or country's genocides or massacres. Visitors should not miss the "Latest contributions" area, which includes the latest works from the Project. Recently featured items here have included an evaluation of The Boxer Uprising and the Burundi Killings of 1972. Overall, it's a very ambitious project, and one that scholars and members of the general public will want to check up on from time to time.

2008-01-01

94

Encyclopedia as Textbook  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Textbooks and encyclopedias represent different genres of scientific literature. Textbooks help the students to prepare for their examinations in various subjects taught at schools, such as logic, metaphysic, chemistry. In the 17th Century some Calvinist professors, mostly in Germany, thought that a universal wholeness should be taught for the students. Encyclopedias adequately expressed this vision. Some of these professors, including Johannes Alsted, were invited to Hungary, Transylvania, to introduce the encyclopedic spirit to the local schools. This act fostered the first textbook in Hungarian language written by János Apáczai Csere. This book was an encyclopedia born mostly in the Netherlands where the author studied. The Cartesian philosophy combined with a Ramist system served as the basis of the book. Its history shows how the local conditions influence the content of knowledge incorporated into a textbook.

Palló, Gábor

2006-11-01

95

Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When I mentioned to a colleague that there was a new, six-volume encyclopedia in ocean sciences that I had agreed to review, all he said was, "That will keep you busy for awhile." Indeed, reviewing 3000-plus pages of condensed matter is quite an order. In addition to simply reading one item after another and skipping a lot, I decided to work with the encyclopedia for a month in a writing project involving general oceanography. On the whole, the Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences is comprehensive, up-to-date, well illustrated, and well written, and the writing falls somewhere between that of an introductory textbook and a professional review. The marine biology portion, which is large, is particularly accessible. If you are studying oceanography, or teaching it, do gain access to this set of volumes. You will come to treasure it as a great source of information.

Berger, W. H.

96

Encycogov: Encyclopedia of Corporate Governance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Encyclopedia of Corporate Governance, or encycogov for short, is created and maintained by Henrik Mathiesen, a PhD candidate at the Department of International Economics and Management at the Copenhagen Business School. Content on the site is divided into two sections: Specific Topics and General Topics. Topics in both sections begin with a paragraph explaining the overarching definition of the principle, and link to a variety of tables, "exhibitions," and models that further illustrate the definition. For example, the Bankruptcy Systems section begins with the definition and is followed up by two tables: "Effects of bankruptcy systems on corporate performance and other kinds of institutions of relevance for corporate governance" and "International corporate governance- Tentative characterizations of legal and empirical state of large firm bankruptcy systems in various countries as of 1980-95: 1) Developing countries. 2)Germany. 3) Japan. 4) Anglo-American countries. 5) Denmark." Also included on the site are references and site users information.

97

Encyclopedia of Terrorism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As recent terrorist attacks on the United States, such as the Oklahoma City (Oklahoma) bombing, and the ongoing conflicts in the Middle East have shown, terrorism is an unfortunate reality that can have potentially devastating effects on governments, businesses, and individuals. This encyclopedia provides students, researchers, journalists, and…

Combs, Cindy C.; Slann, Martin

98

Encyclopedia of Birth Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This encyclopedia brings together in more than 200 entries, arranged in A-to-Z format, a portrait of the complex modern issue that birth control has become with advances in medicine and biochemistry during the 20th century. It is aimed at both the student and the consumer of birth control. Entries cover the following topics: birth control…

Rengel, Marian

99

Encyclopedia of Information Ethics  

E-print Network

: Yurchak Printing Inc. Published in the United States of America by Information Science Reference (anEncyclopedia of Information Ethics and Security Marian Quigley Monash University, Australia Hershey · New York InformatIon ScIence reference #12;Acquisitions Editor: Kristin Klinger Development Editor

Ras, Zbigniew W.

100

Encyclopedia as Textbook  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Textbooks and encyclopedias represent different genres of scientific literature. Textbooks help the students to prepare for their examinations in various subjects taught at schools, such as logic, metaphysic, chemistry. In the 17th Century some Calvinist professors, mostly in Germany, thought that a universal wholeness should be taught for the…

Pallo, Gabor

2006-01-01

101

The Microsoft Multimedia Encyclopedia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A multimedia encyclopedia (MME) demonstration disk has been developed by the Microsoft Corporation, which contains five-page articles on 12 subjects. Each article contains text, images, audio, and in some cases, animation and full motion digital images. Each MME article is constructed as a network of linked text, image, and sound files. With mouse…

Ropiequet, Suzanne

1986-01-01

102

International Petroleum Statistics Report, August 1998: Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report includes the Oil Market Chronology, monthly world oil production data, and monthly OECD country oil demand, imports, and stocks data. Also included are international oil balance data for 1994-1998 and annual oil data series for 1970-1997.

103

An Analysis About Market Efficiency in International Petroleum Markets: Evidence from Three Oil Commodities  

Microsoft Academic Search

A modified model for testing market efficiency is presented, with introducing convenience yield and using lagged spot prices\\u000a to adjust risk premium. Subsequently, an examination about market efficiency in international petroleum markets is given using\\u000a the modified model for three widely traded oil commodities: WTI crude oil, unleaded gasoline, and heating oil. The main findings\\u000a are that there have significant

Shuping Wang; Jianping Li; Shulin Zhang

2007-01-01

104

Intern experience at Bechtel Petroleum Incorporated: an internship report  

E-print Network

An Internship Report by ATHAR JABBAR QURESHI Approved as to style and content by: (Head/of Department) (Member) / 6 . (Member) r'1 AA (Member) (Member) August nIte This report describes the internship performed in the slurry group of the pipeline... and production facilities division of the Bechtel Corporation in San Francisco, during the period February, 1981 to January, 1982. The intern worked as a slurry engineer in the slurry systems group of the pipeline and production facilities division...

Qureshi, Athar Jabbar, 1951-

2013-03-13

105

Science and Engineering Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There are many online encyclopedias floating around the web, but relatively few that cover the world of engineering. This particular online encyclopedia will be of great use to students of engineering and science, and educators working in these broad areas may wish to pass it along to their students. Visitors can click around at their leisure through the alphabet of terms and concepts explained here, or they may also wish to start off in one of the topical areas, which include mechanical engineering, computing, chemistry, and physics. With several thousand entries, visitors can learn about acoustic mirrors, aerodynamic noise, auralization, and benzene rings. Overall, it's a nice find, and users will want to bookmark the site for future reference if they find themselves puzzled by Euler's equation and other weighty matters.

106

Field Analytic Technologies Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Environmental Protection Agency maintains the Field Analytic Technologies Encyclopedia Web site. The online encyclopedia is \\"intended to provide information about technologies that can be used in the field to characterize contaminated soil and groundwater, monitor progress of remedial efforts, and in some cases, for confirmation sampling and analysis for site close-out.\\" The technologies link contains information on analytics such as gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, and test kits; geophysics such as ground penetrating radar; and delivery systems including direct-push platforms, groundwater samplers, and soil-gas samplers. Other links include resources, references, and online training modules for field-based technologies. The site is a great informational resource and training aide for hazardous waste professionals working directly in the field.

107

The Encyclopedia of Suns  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Suns! Many people are interested in astronomical research that touches on the relationship between astronomy and biology, or at least the possibility of biology on planets other than Earth. The popularity of research efforts such as the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) and extrasolar planet discovery, especially among the public, shows how strong a hold these ideas have. Currently, the Encyclopedia of Suns contains over 100 stars within 50 light years (15.3 parsecs) from the Sun. It contains all stars within that distance that meet specific criteria for being plausible locations for Earthlike planets. It also has some stars outside the 50 light year limit: those that are not only Sunlike, but which also have one or more planets orbiting them.

Nash, David

108

Italy Revisited: The Encyclopedia  

E-print Network

- standing job on poetry in this encyclopedia. It is to be expected that the major Şgures like Dante and Petrarch would receive long and excellent articles. Experts like Frede Jensen provide short pieces on what appears to be every known Italian poet, Joan... ap- pealed to medieval people. Lansing analyzes in detail the speciŞc roles that numerology played in works by Dante, Petrarch, and Boccaccio, and it is certainly the case that Dante especially loved numbers. James Brundage offers an incisive essay...

Epstein, Steven A.

2005-01-01

109

Better Homes and Gardens Home Improvement Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Despite the commercial intentions of the site, this free online guide to home repair is superior to many similar offerings on the Web. Organized in five principle sections (Plumbing, Wiring, Carpentry, Decks, and Masonry & Concrete), the Encyclopedia covers a good variety of subtopics, from selecting and buying lumber to replacing a faucet or water heater to pouring concrete. Generally aimed at users with some skills but not necessarily much experience in home repair, the projects are clearly explained, with generous illustrations and, in some cases, an "Animated How-To." Project information includes estimated time, required skills and tools, cautions, and links to related projects. Additional resources include a glossary, tool encyclopedia, and an internal search engine.

110

How To Choose an Encyclopedia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews CD-ROM encyclopedias to guide librarians and teachers in decision making. Encyclopedias are divided into two groups: mass market for ages 9 and up, and academic for ages 14 and above. A table lists products with addresses and Web sites, as well as information on price, minimum specs, number of articles, Internet connection, strengths, and…

Valenza, Joyce Kasman

1997-01-01

111

The Transcription Factor Encyclopedia  

PubMed Central

Here we present the Transcription Factor Encyclopedia (TFe), a new web-based compendium of mini review articles on transcription factors (TFs) that is founded on the principles of open access and collaboration. Our consortium of over 100 researchers has collectively contributed over 130 mini review articles on pertinent human, mouse and rat TFs. Notable features of the TFe website include a high-quality PDF generator and web API for programmatic data retrieval. TFe aims to rapidly educate scientists about the TFs they encounter through the delivery of succinct summaries written and vetted by experts in the field. TFe is available at http://www.cisreg.ca/tfe. PMID:22458515

2012-01-01

112

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Dr. James Fieser (general editor) of the University of Tennessee at Martin, together with Dr. Bradley Dowden (philosophy of science and logic editor), has put together this online compendium of information about philosophy. The encyclopedia can be searched or browsed by keywords or browsed via a timeline of philosophical movements and thinkers. In addition, the site features a selection of texts, from Lao Tzu to Locke, which can be read online or downloaded. Currently, the articles are either adapted from public domain sources or from Feiser's course material or they are contributed by professional philosophers. In the future, the editors hope to replace all of the adapted articles with original contributions.

113

The transcription factor encyclopedia.  

PubMed

Here we present the Transcription Factor Encyclopedia (TFe), a new web-based compendium of mini review articles on transcription factors (TFs) that is founded on the principles of open access and collaboration. Our consortium of over 100 researchers has collectively contributed over 130 mini review articles on pertinent human, mouse and rat TFs. Notable features of the TFe website include a high-quality PDF generator and web API for programmatic data retrieval. TFe aims to rapidly educate scientists about the TFs they encounter through the delivery of succinct summaries written and vetted by experts in the field. TFe is available at http://www.cisreg.ca/tfe. PMID:22458515

Yusuf, Dimas; Butland, Stefanie L; Swanson, Magdalena I; Bolotin, Eugene; Ticoll, Amy; Cheung, Warren A; Zhang, Xiao Yu Cindy; Dickman, Christopher T D; Fulton, Debra L; Lim, Jonathan S; Schnabl, Jake M; Ramos, Oscar H P; Vasseur-Cognet, Mireille; de Leeuw, Charles N; Simpson, Elizabeth M; Ryffel, Gerhart U; Lam, Eric W-F; Kist, Ralf; Wilson, Miranda S C; Marco-Ferreres, Raquel; Brosens, Jan J; Beccari, Leonardo L; Bovolenta, Paola; Benayoun, Bérénice A; Monteiro, Lara J; Schwenen, Helma D C; Grontved, Lars; Wederell, Elizabeth; Mandrup, Susanne; Veitia, Reiner A; Chakravarthy, Harini; Hoodless, Pamela A; Mancarelli, M Michela; Torbett, Bruce E; Banham, Alison H; Reddy, Sekhar P; Cullum, Rebecca L; Liedtke, Michaela; Tschan, Mario P; Vaz, Michelle; Rizzino, Angie; Zannini, Mariastella; Frietze, Seth; Farnham, Peggy J; Eijkelenboom, Astrid; Brown, Philip J; Laperričre, David; Leprince, Dominique; de Cristofaro, Tiziana; Prince, Kelly L; Putker, Marrit; del Peso, Luis; Camenisch, Gieri; Wenger, Roland H; Mikula, Michal; Rozendaal, Marieke; Mader, Sylvie; Ostrowski, Jerzy; Rhodes, Simon J; Van Rechem, Capucine; Boulay, Gaylor; Olechnowicz, Sam W Z; Breslin, Mary B; Lan, Michael S; Nanan, Kyster K; Wegner, Michael; Hou, Juan; Mullen, Rachel D; Colvin, Stephanie C; Noy, Peter John; Webb, Carol F; Witek, Matthew E; Ferrell, Scott; Daniel, Juliet M; Park, Jason; Waldman, Scott A; Peet, Daniel J; Taggart, Michael; Jayaraman, Padma-Sheela; Karrich, Julien J; Blom, Bianca; Vesuna, Farhad; O'Geen, Henriette; Sun, Yunfu; Gronostajski, Richard M; Woodcroft, Mark W; Hough, Margaret R; Chen, Edwin; Europe-Finner, G Nicholas; Karolczak-Bayatti, Magdalena; Bailey, Jarrod; Hankinson, Oliver; Raman, Venu; LeBrun, David P; Biswal, Shyam; Harvey, Christopher J; DeBruyne, Jason P; Hogenesch, John B; Hevner, Robert F; Héligon, Christophe; Luo, Xin M; Blank, Marissa Cathleen; Millen, Kathleen Joyce; Sharlin, David S; Forrest, Douglas; Dahlman-Wright, Karin; Zhao, Chunyan; Mishima, Yuriko; Sinha, Satrajit; Chakrabarti, Rumela; Portales-Casamar, Elodie; Sladek, Frances M; Bradley, Philip H; Wasserman, Wyeth W

2012-01-01

114

The Encyclopedia of Mineralogy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This volume is the tenth in the ambitious Encyclopedia of Earth Science series. In addition to the standard short encyclopedia-style articles, it contains an alphabetical list of 3000 mineral species, groups, varieties, and mineraloids (which, following Fleischer, is called a glossary); this glossary presents basic physical and chemical properties for each entry.Editor Keith Frye has made a major effort, detailed in the preface, to assist the reader/user in avoiding many of the pitfalls in mineral nomenclature. For example, the book presents the names of valid mineral species in lower-case italic type, the names of series or groups in boldface italic letters, while varieties (and synonyms) are set in roman typeface. The worthwhile preface also contains a list, with addresses and date of first publication, of the world's 178 most important journals where mineral data are published. Also included are lists of the important mineral reference books and textbooks on mineralogy. The articles include one on museums with a 32-page table of museums with addresses, size of collection, and specialties.

Rapp, George, Jr.

115

Encyclopedia of Chicago History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Somewhere between Los Angeles and New York is a metropolis affectionately referred to by some as the "Second City". Also known as Chicago, this fair city has recently received its due with the publication of this outstanding reference volume. The online version offered on this site is even more authoritative than the print volume, as it contains a number of interactive maps and special features. Produced by the Chicago Historical Society, the Newberry Library and Northwestern University, this online edition allows users to search the entire contents of the Encyclopedia, and even browse digitized versions of the primary historical documents that serve as the research materials for the print articles. From the homepage, visitors can peruse a user's guide to the Encyclopedia. Each entry includes hypertext links, and in some cases, illustrative materials. For additional information, each entry also features some additional readings. Visitors will also want to take a look at the lovely maps produced for the volume, including a rather compelling map of Chicago's blues clubs. Finally, the special features area includes several interpretive digital essays on the Plan of Chicago of 1909 and galleries on such important topics as "How Chicagoans Remember Their History".

116

Online Nevada Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Nevada is much more than the Hoover Dam and a certain large neon-drenched city, and the Online Nevada Encyclopedia revels in covering aspects of the state that include business, mining, politics, exploration, and the economy of the Silver State. Started in 2007, the Encyclopedia has been developed by the Nevada Humanities organization, with generous support of the U.S. Department of Education and the State of Nevada. It's a good idea to start a tour through the site by looking at one of the exhibit galleries, which include "Civil Rights in Nevada" and "Hoover Dam". All four of the current exhibits bring together primary documents with brief descriptions of each document. After that, visitors should head over to the topical areas to read high-quality articles about various facets of the state. All of the articles are authored by subject experts, and they cover everything from the archaeology of Tule Springs to the spooky world of the state's many ghost towns.

117

Forest Encyclopedia Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Jointly developed by the USDA Forest Service Southern Research Station and Southern Regional Extension Forestry, this website has multiple online encyclopedias regarding the forests of the Southern United States, as well as one that covers the environmental threats facing all North American forests. This website is very user-friendly, both for visitors who are not natural resource professionals and those who are. For those visitors who are involved in the forest sciences, this website helpfully provides "scientific results, conclusions, and impacts with management needs and issues." On the left side of the page is a menu which allows the visitor to peruse the site through a thematic lens, or a global one. To view by theme, click on "Thematic" at the top of the menu. The themes visitors can click on include "So. Appalachian", "So. Pine Beetle", and "So. Fire Science". Under each theme are a multitude of clickable subthemes. For those visitors looking for a global view of the site, click on "Global" at the top of the menu. Topics include "Landscape", "Ecology", "Socio-Economics", and "Forest Health Protection". Forest scientists interested in contributing new scientific content to the Forest Encyclopedia Network can click on "Help" at the top of the website, which will take them to a link on the left side of the page entitled "Author Help".

118

The Institute of Petroleum  

E-print Network

The Institute of Petroleum Engineering The Institute of Petroleum Engineering (IPE) is a world leading, specialised centre in research, training and teaching, with the largest petroleum engineering and teaching. Our vision is to be the international institute of choice for research and teaching in petroleum

Painter, Kevin

119

Petroleum Systems Data Room  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Petroleum Systems Data Room Web site is provided by Oil Tracers L.L.C. Visitors have access to several databases including the Oil Library, which is a searchable database of information on more than 30,000 oil samples owned by various analytical laboratories around the world. The other main product of the site is a database that "contains over 10,000 petroleum geochemistry-related citations and is a searchable reference list for over 300,000 pages of petroleum geochemistry literature drawn from hundreds of sources" called OilRef. The other free reference (after registering) is a petroleum dictionary and encyclopedia, rounding out this easy-to-use and very helpful set of recourses.

120

Genomic Encyclopedia of Fungi  

SciTech Connect

Genomes of fungi relevant to energy and environment are in focus of the Fungal Genomic Program at the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (JGI). Its key project, the Genomics Encyclopedia of Fungi, targets fungi related to plant health (symbionts, pathogens, and biocontrol agents) and biorefinery processes (cellulose degradation, sugar fermentation, industrial hosts), and explores fungal diversity by means of genome sequencing and analysis. Over 150 fungal genomes have been sequenced by JGI to date and released through MycoCosm (www.jgi.doe.gov/fungi), a fungal web-portal, which integrates sequence and functional data with genome analysis tools for user community. Sequence analysis supported by functional genomics leads to developing parts list for complex systems ranging from ecosystems of biofuel crops to biorefineries. Recent examples of such parts suggested by comparative genomics and functional analysis in these areas are presented here.

Grigoriev, Igor

2012-08-10

121

Regulatory Fish Encyclopedia (RFE)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Regulatory Fish Encyclopedia (RFE) was developed by the US Food and Drug Administration "to help federal, state, and local officials and purchasers of seafood identify species substitution and economic deception in the marketplace." As such, the RFE is a compilation of data in several formats (including photographic and imaging parameters, specific isoelectric focusing, DNA sequence patterns, protein patterns, and taxonomic authentication) "that assists with the accurate identification of fish species." Fish and other seafood types are listed by common, regional, market, scientific, and family names, and the site also provides images of some whole fish and market cuts. Additional detailed scientific and taxonomic information is available for some species, but researchers will find the site's varied techniques for identification most useful.

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (U.S.). Office of Seafood.

122

Encyclopedia of Alabama  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the Alabama Humanities Foundation and Auburn University, the Encyclopedia of Alabama (EOA) is a veritable cornucopia of material about the Yellowhammer State. The EOA draws on the work of many trustworthy and learned authors, and as a statement of the homepage notes, "Alabama's problems are not glossed over, nor are its accomplishments and successes overlooked." Visitors who might not be familiar with the state in the least are encouraged to read historian Wayne Flynt's fine essay on Alabama featured on the homepage. After that, visitors can look over the entries alphabetically, or they can use of the thematic headings (such as "Peoples" and "Religion") to start their journey. The "Features" articles are a treat as well, and they include "Alabama and the Civil War" and "College Football in Alabama". The site also includes several photo galleries, a glossary, and some educational resources for teachers.

123

Encyclopedia of the New Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by Wired magazine, the Encyclopedia of the New Economy is a compendium of the key issues and terms that define the creation, buying, and selling of communication technology products. Terms are listed in alphabetical order and include both catch phrases and overviews. Wired Encyclopedia authors not only create a useful list of concepts, they also stimulate further thought on the controversies inherent in information technologies by leaving many definitions open-ended.

124

PETROLEUM SOCIETY CANADIAN INSTITUTE OF MINING, METALLURGY & PETROLEUM  

E-print Network

1 PETROLEUM SOCIETY CANADIAN INSTITUTE OF MINING, METALLURGY & PETROLEUM PAPER 2002-092 Effects of Alberta This paper is to be presented at the Petroleum Society's Canadian International Petroleum of the meeting. This paper and any discussion filed will be considered for publication in Petroleum Society

Hossain, M. Enamul

125

PETROLEUM SOCIETY CANADIAN INSTITUTE OF MINING, METALLURGY & PETROLEUM  

E-print Network

1 PETROLEUM SOCIETY CANADIAN INSTITUTE OF MINING, METALLURGY & PETROLEUM PAPER 2002-074 Temperature Canada Ltd. This paper is to be presented at the Petroleum Society's Canadian International Petroleum of the meeting. This paper and any discussion filed will be considered for publication in Petroleum Society

Schramm, Laurier L.

126

Encyclopedia of Software Components  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Intelligent browsing through a collection of reusable software components is facilitated with a computer having a video monitor and a user input interface such as a keyboard or a mouse for transmitting user selections, by presenting a picture of encyclopedia volumes with respective visible labels referring to types of software, in accordance with a metaphor in which each volume includes a page having a list of general topics under the software type of the volume and pages having lists of software components for each one of the generic topics, altering the picture to open one of the volumes in response to an initial user selection specifying the one volume to display on the monitor a picture of the page thereof having the list of general topics and altering the picture to display the page thereof having a list of software components under one of the general topics in response to a next user selection specifying the one general topic, and then presenting a picture of a set of different informative plates depicting different types of information about one of the software components in response to a further user selection specifying the one component.

Warren, Lloyd V. (Inventor); Beckman, Brian C. (Inventor)

1997-01-01

127

Encyclopedia of software components  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Intelligent browsing through a collection of reusable software components is facilitated with a computer having a video monitor and a user input interface such as a keyboard or a mouse for transmitting user selections, by presenting a picture of encyclopedia volumes with respective visible labels referring to types of software, in accordance with a metaphor in which each volume includes a page having a list of general topics under the software type of the volume and pages having lists of software components for each one of the generic topics, altering the picture to open one of the volumes in response to an initial user selection specifying the one volume to display on the monitor a picture of the page thereof having the list of general topics and altering the picture to display the page thereof having a list of software components under one of the general topics in response to a next user selection specifying the one general topic, and then presenting a picture of a set of different informative plates depicting different types of information about one of the software components in response to a further user selection specifying the one component.

Vanwarren, Lloyd (inventor); Beckman, Brian C. (inventor)

1991-01-01

128

Music Heritage Network Instrument Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Music Heritage Network Instrument Encyclopedia is an initiative of the CHICO (Cultural Heritage Information and Community Outreach) project at the University of Michigan's School of Information (SI). SI cooperated with the School of Music's Stearns Museum of Musical Instruments to develop this comprehensive resource about instruments from around the world. Users may browse the encyclopedia by the Sachs-Hornbostel classification scheme, by geographic origin, or by four major instrument types: percussion, string, wind, and electronic. Users may also conduct full-text searches, or they may search the encyclopedia by instrument title, origin, maker, materials, or description. In addition, an instrument glossary as well as links to other instrument reference resources are available at the site.

1999-01-01

129

E-Conflict World Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by EmulateMe, a Web-design company, this online Encyclopedia provides maps, history, weather, geography, and governmental and economic information for any country that users wish to select. (For younger users, the reference also offers audio versions of the national anthems and images of the flags for each country.) There is a wealth of information on-site, particularly in terms of economic, geographic, and demographic data, but users should observe their URL window as some links are external. Rounding out the encyclopedia is a moderated discussion forum allowing users to "speak out" about current world affairs.

130

Wolbachia pipientis - Encyclopedia of Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Encyclopedia of Life species page offers a comprehensive summary of the biology, ecology, evolution and relevance of Wolbachia pipientis. It includes an interactive media panel with images, videos and distribution maps, as well as a navigable classification structure. The page is supplemented with links to literature references, educational opportunities and additional research links.

Encyclopedia of Life

131

Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series ENCYCLOPEDIA OF SNOW, ICE AND GLACIERS  

E-print Network

#12;Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series ENCYCLOPEDIA OF SNOW, ICE AND GLACIERS Volume Editors Sciences University of Bristol University Road Bristol BS8 1SS UK Aims of the Series The Encyclopedia leading names in the subject, with copious illustrations and reference lists. These books represent one

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

132

Encyclopedia of the Human Genome--Author Stylesheet ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE HUMAN GENOME  

E-print Network

Encyclopedia of the Human Genome--Author Stylesheet 267 ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE HUMAN GENOME 2000 of an HMM Przytycka, Teresa M Teresa M Przytycka Johns Hopkins School of Medicine USA Hidden Markov Model;Encyclopedia of the Human Genome--Author Stylesheet biological sequence analysis applications. Current

Przytycka, Teresa

133

The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sitting on the banks of Lake Erie, the city of Cleveland has been an industrial powerhouse for over a century, and its history is a fascinating one. This online encyclopedia of Cleveland history was created with the cooperation of the history department at Case Western Reserve University, along with the assistance of other scholars. David D. VanTassel and John J. Grabowski compiled the encyclopedia, and visitors can perform a full-text search across all of the articles here as well as the image gallery. Visitors may wish to start by taking a look at the "Foreword" and the "Readers' Guide", both of which can be found in the "Supplementary Text" area. Visitors who wish to browse around in a thematic fashion will want to consult the "Subjects" area, which organizes the articles from "African American History" to "Zoo".

134

Encyclopedia of Law and Economics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Conceived by the University of Ghent, Belgium, the Encyclopedia of Law and Economics Website is a broad-based collection of resources pertaining to economic and legal issues throughout the world. Showcasing a comprehensive index of searchable bibliographic resources, this site also includes abstracts of recent law and economics reviews. The hefty Law and Economics Web Resources section features working papers, bibliographies, and mailing lists. In addition, the site links to law and economics academic programs, associations, and an array of relevant Websites.

135

Encyclopedia of Coastal Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Being broadly interdisciplinary in its treatment of coasts, this volume features contributions by 245 well known international specialists in their respective fields and is abundantly illustrated with line-drawings and photographs. Not only does this volume offer an extensive number of entries, it also includes various appendices, an illustrated glossary of coastal geomorphology and extensive bibliographic listings.

Schwartz, M.

136

Analysis of exhaust gas composition of internal combustion engines using liquefied petroleum gas  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problems of implementation of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) supply systems are related with the fact that they are alternative systems used in engines constructed and optimized for work with other kinds of fuel. So assemblers of the systems have to evaluate power losses and at the same time ecological requirements. The experiment is devoted to the analysis of gas

Saulius Mockus; Jonas Sapragonas; Agnius Stonys; Saugirdas Pukalskas

2006-01-01

137

Encyclopedia of the NOAA National Marine Sanctuaries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Highlighting the diverse marine life of America's ocean and Great Lakes treasures, the Encyclopedia of the Sanctuaries offers photos, streaming video and important facts for more than 100 key animal and plant species from each of the National Marine Sanctuaries. The encyclopedia entry for each species includes a photo, quick facts, information about its diet, habitat, distribution and status, and links to outside resources.

138

Mining the Online Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences  

E-print Network

Mining the Online Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences Hieu D. Nguyen and Douglas Taggart Department at mining the Online Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences for new mathematical identities. We discuss methods, some which we believe to be new and interesting and some which illustrate how false matches can arise

Nguyen, Hieu D.

139

New Encyclopedia of Neuroscience -CONTRIBUTORS' INSTRUCTIONS PROOFREADING  

E-print Network

New Encyclopedia of Neuroscience - CONTRIBUTORS' INSTRUCTIONS PROOFREADING The text content, footnotes, and lists. Proofread the captions and credit lines of illustrations and tables. Ensure that any: The New Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (NRSC) Article No.: 01229 Dear Author, During the preparation of your

Cossart, Rosa

140

New Encyclopedia of Neuroscience -CONTRIBUTORS' INSTRUCTIONS PROOFREADING  

E-print Network

New Encyclopedia of Neuroscience - CONTRIBUTORS' INSTRUCTIONS PROOFREADING The text content, footnotes, and lists. Proofread the captions and credit lines of illustrations and tables. Ensure that any: The New Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (NRSC) Article No.: 01408 Dear Author, During the preparation of your

van Ooyen, Arjen

141

Encyclopedia of Antarctica and the Southern Oceans  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With so much information just a keystroke away on the World Wide Web, is there still a need for encyclopedias? I think so. Yes, the Web provides access to a plethora of information, if you only know what to look for. It presupposes that you know enough to navigate the maze. An encyclopedia lays out information in neat alphabetical order. One can look up a specific item, as one can search the Web; this is, perhaps, the traditional way in which an encyclopedia is used. But the pages of an encyclopedia can be browsed more casually than can the Web, and perhaps more importantly, without a specific topic in mind, which provides more of a learning exercise. I have spent many hours randomly flipping through pages of an encyclopedia, always fascinated and absorbed by subjects I didn't know existed.

Gordon, Arnold L.

142

The Electronic Encyclopedia of Earthquakes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Electronic Encyclopedia of Earthquakes is a collaborative project of the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC), the Consortia of Universities for Research in Earthquake Engineering (CUREE) and the Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS). This digital library organizes earthquake information online as a partner with the NSF-funded National Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Digital Library (NSDL) and the Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE). When complete, information and resources for over 500 Earth science and engineering topics will be included, with connections to curricular materials useful for teaching Earth Science, engineering, physics and mathematics. Although conceived primarily as an educational resource, the Encyclopedia is also a valuable portal to anyone seeking up-to-date earthquake information and authoritative technical sources. "E3" is a unique collaboration among earthquake scientists and engineers to articulate and document a common knowledge base with a shared terminology and conceptual framework. It is a platform for cross-training scientists and engineers in these complementary fields and will provide a basis for sustained communication and resource-building between major education and outreach activities. For example, the E3 collaborating organizations have leadership roles in the two largest earthquake engineering and earth science projects ever sponsored by NSF: the George E. Brown Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (CUREE) and the EarthScope Project (IRIS and SCEC). The E3 vocabulary and definitions are also being connected to a formal ontology under development by the SCEC/ITR project for knowledge management within the SCEC Collaboratory. The E3 development system is now fully operational, 165 entries are in the pipeline, and the development teams are capable of producing 20 new, fully reviewed encyclopedia entries each month. Over the next two years teams will complete 450 entries, which will populate the E3 collection to a level that fully spans earthquake science and engineering. Scientists, engineers, and educators who have suggestions for content to be included in the Encyclopedia can visit www.earthquake.info now to complete the "Suggest a Web Page" form.

Benthien, M.; Marquis, J.; Jordan, T.

2003-12-01

143

The Encyclopedia of World History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The good people at Bartleby.com have long prided themselves on providing a host of important works online for the benefit of those seeking online edification. One of the more recent volumes they have placed on their site is The Encyclopedia of World History, edited by Peter N. Stearns and 30 fellow historians. As the preface to this, the sixth edition, announces: "Simply put, this is a volume that has always intended to convey the key features of world history". This is no small order, and this edition represents a substantial revision from previous editions, as it also reflects the growing body of knowledge about the histories of regions outside of Western Europe and North America. The encyclopedia is complemented by a number of illustrative and informative maps, including ones that visualize India before the Muslim conquest and Italy in the 15th century. Users of the volume are welcome to use the search engine to find the information they so desire, or they may browse at their leisure.

144

The Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania Biography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published from time to time from 1914 to 1967, The Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania Biography was the product of the Lewis Publishing Company. These massive tomes profiled a range of persons who had risen to prominence in the Keystone State. Recently, the Pennsylvania State University Libraries digitized the first volumes published before 1923 and placed them online here. Visitors can search through all of the volumes, and they are also encouraged to type in keywords like "Drexel", "Franklin", and "Furness" to get started. The site also includes the "Who's Who in Pennsylvania" books from 1904 and 1908. These works feature notable personages from the early 20th century, and they can also be read as historical documents that offer a portrait of the movers and shakers of their era.

145

The Grolier World Encyclopedia of Endangered Species.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews "The Grolier World Encyclopedia of Endangered Species" and describes a lesson plan for grades five and six that includes library media skills objectives, science objectives, resources, instructional roles, activity and procedure for completion, evaluation, and follow-up. (LRW)

Martin, Ron

1994-01-01

146

Encyclopedia of Laser Physics and Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online encyclopedia explains the terms and principles of laser physics and technology. It also includes content from other topics such as general optics and optoelectronics, nonlinear optics, quantum optics, fiber optics, ultrashort pulses, and optical communications.

Paschotta, RĂĽdiger

147

The MIT Encyclopedia of Cognitive Sciences (MITECS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The MIT Encyclopedia of Cognitive Sciences (MITECS), an electronic publication of the MIT Press, is a new comprehensive reference work that encompasses the diverse theories and methodologies of the cognitive and brain sciences. The encyclopedia contains 471 specialized articles by preeminent researchers and scholars; articles include extensive bibliographies and provide multiple cross-references. MITECS spans six major topics: Philosophy; Psychology; Neuroscience; Computational Intelligence; Linguistics and Language; and Culture, Cognition, and Evolution. The introductory essays that precede each major section discuss topics within the larger framework of the cognitive sciences. The encyclopedia may be browsed by an author or a topic index, and the entire work is searchable by keyword. Please note that first-time users of the encyclopedia are required to register at the site; necessary registration information includes email address, full name, and research interests.

148

Copyright 2000, Society of Petroleum Engineers, Inc. This paper was prepared for presentation at the International Symposium on Formation  

E-print Network

Copyright 2000, Society of Petroleum Engineers, Inc. This paper was prepared for presentation reviewed by the Society of Petroleum Engineers and are subject to correction by the author(s). The material, as presented, does not necessarily reflect any position of the Society of Petroleum Engineers, its officers

149

Popular Encyclopedias as a Source of Information about Copyright: A Critical Comparison.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rating of five multi-volume encyclopedias ("Collier's Encyclopedia,""Encyclopedia Americana,""Encyclopedia Britannica (EB3),""World Book Encyclopedia,""Academic American Encyclopedia") used 20 evaluation criteria to determine usefulness in answering reference questions concerning copyright. Results indicate that "Collier's" is most useful for…

Miller, Jerome K.

1983-01-01

150

Physics in medicine and biology encyclopedia 2-volume set  

SciTech Connect

The Physics in Medicine and Biology Encyclopedia provides in two volumes a review of a wide range of topics of current interest in medical physics, bioengineering and biophysics. The Encyclopedia is extensively cross-referenced, indexed and illustrated, and all articles are complete with fully verified bibliographies. A glossary gives full details of specialized terms appearing in the Encyclopedia.

McAinsh, T.F.

1986-01-01

151

The Treatment of the Occult in General Encyclopedias.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a content analysis of three general encyclopedias, "Encyclopedia Americana" (EA), "Encyclopaedia Brittanica" (EB), and "World Book Encyclopedia" (WBC), which quantifies the treatment of the occult. Entries are selected from each by starting with the article "Occultism" and tracing all cross-references. Cross-references are likewise…

Sonnenfeld, Gary F.

152

75 FR 63200 - Petroleum Wax Candles From China  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...731-TA-282 (Third Review)] Petroleum Wax Candles From China AGENCY: United States International...antidumping duty order on petroleum wax candles from China...antidumping duty order on petroleum wax candles from China would be likely to lead...

2010-10-14

153

75 FR 38121 - Petroleum Wax Candles From China  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...731-TA-282 (Third Review)] Petroleum Wax Candles From China AGENCY: United States International...antidumping duty order on petroleum wax candles from China...antidumping duty order on petroleum wax candles from China would be likely to lead...

2010-07-01

154

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Logical Paradoxes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For those who believe the Web fosters only barely mindful surfing, we offer the following site as counterargument. Not to be confused with fallacies are paradoxes: "a puzzling conclusion we seem to be driven towards by our reasoning, but which is highly counterintuitive, nevertheless" -- also known as brainteasers for logicians. The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (see the August 14, 1998 Scout Report) presents a thorough discussion of paradoxes in the context of the history of philosophy, covering paradoxes of both classical and modern origins in addition to those of self-reference and a few others. A bibliography is also available as well as links to further discussions of paradoxes within the Encyclopedia.

Slater, Barry H.

155

Food, petroleum, and international politics: the foreign policy of surplus and scarcity  

SciTech Connect

In an empirical examination of the relationships between scarce resources and international politics, political elements of both resource consumption and production are combined to produce a variety of models. These models are based upon the asymmetrical inter-dependencies among nations with particular reference to these resource capabilities. Food and energy resources are selected to ascertain the degree to which the need to acquire a resource influences the aggregate foreign policy behavior of nations. Due to insufficient domestic supply, the need for a scarce resource leads to competition among consuming nations, and this competition in turn leads to conflict. From another perspective, the resource producer, utilizing what is traditionally seen as a component of power enhances its international bargaining position, and does not need to compete for the specific resource. As a result, the resource producer finds itself the recipient of cooperative behavior. A variety of hypotheses are extracted from these two complementary themes of production and consumption politics. The results of the empirical tests provide limited support for examining foreign policy behavior in light of resource capabilities.

Duval, R.D.

1984-01-01

156

Portfolio analysis: A strategic tool for managing investments and growth in the International Petroleum Arena  

SciTech Connect

Managing an international E&P investment portfolio is a complex and challenging task. Portfolio managers must balance short term and long term results with technical, political, and commercial risks. Simultaneously they must deal with many uncertainties including prospect size, recovery parameters, and oil price, to name a few. Pecten International has set up a portfolio modeling technique that combines Linear programming with Monte Carlo analysis to define portfolios that are optimal portfolios given the full range of risks and uncertainties of each project or field in the portfolio. We will describe this modeling technique. We will present results from numerous models which illustrate how the tool adds insight into many decisions we routinely deal with when managing an oil and gas portfolio. Examples will illustrate how to select new investment options, identify sale candidates, balance short term and long term performance, define which performance factors limit you company`s growth, and define the probability of achieving financial targets given optimal portfolios. We believe companies should use portfolio analysis to guide decision makers. This tool cannot provide {open_quotes}The answer.{close_quotes} It will not replace the decision maker nor the prospect generator. However, used in conjunction with the knowledge of the prospect generator and the perspectives of the decision maker, this tool gives decision makers considerable insight into the risk-reward tradeoffs they deal with on a daily basis.

Howell, J.I.; Larberg, G.M.; Ching, P.D. [Pecten International Company, Houston, TX (United States)

1996-08-01

157

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The encyclopedia is designed as a reference work on the history, structure, and use of English. The first section outlines five phases in the development of the English language (origins, Old English, Middle English, Early Modern English, Modern English) and then proceeds to the varieties of world English and perceptions of English and its future.…

Crystal, David

158

The American Indian: A Multimedia Encyclopedia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews "The American Indian: A Multimedia Encyclopedia," Version 1.0 (New York, Facts on File, Inc., 1993). This electronic product (compact disk) presents a great amount of material on American Indians from various formats, but its effectiveness is limited by the dated nature of some materials. Software design and searching features are…

Carter, Christina E.

1993-01-01

159

Idea Bank: The Encyclopedia of Earth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For reliable information on the environment, students and teachers can turn to the Encyclopedia of Earth (EoE). Based at Boston University (BU) and operated in partnership with the National Council for Science and the Environment (NCSE), the EoE is a free

Cynthia Barakatt

2010-02-01

160

Concise encyclopedia of bioresource technology: a review  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The Journal of Environmental Quality requested a review of the book “The Concise Encyclopedia of Biotechnology” from the perspective of a scientist. Biotechnology is an emerging field and has rapidly become a buzzword in popular culture and politics today, yet it is not possible to be an expert in ...

161

Encyclopedia of Bilingualism and Bilingual Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This encyclopedia is designed to promote bilingualism in a comprehensive and comprehensive manner and to be academically sound while remaining accessible to as wide an audience as possible. Each topic is presented in a clear, understandable style. Four sections focus on the following: (1) "Individual Bilingualism" (e.g., bilingualism and the…

Baker, Colin; Jones, Sylvia Prys

162

Encyclopedia of materials science and engineering  

SciTech Connect

A new eight-volume reference work provides coverage of the materials science and engineering field. The set contains over 1600 articles, averaging 3000 words in length with detailed bibliographies. The Encyclopedia is extensively cross-referenced, carefully indexed and illustrated, and in addition to its scientific and technological coverage contains many articles on the policy and social aspects of materials.

Beuer, M.B.

1984-01-01

163

Encyclopedia of Smart Materials, 2 Volume Set  

Microsoft Academic Search

Smart materials--materials and structures that can impart information about their environment to an observer or monitoring device--are revolutionizing fields as diverse as engineering, optics, and medical technology. Advances in smart materials are impacting disciplines across the scientific and technological landscape. Now, practictioners and researchers have an authoritative source to go to for answers about this emerging new area. Encyclopedia of

Mel Schwartz

2002-01-01

164

A chrestomathy Darwin's Fishes: An Encyclopedia  

E-print Network

by Daniel Pauly Cambridge University Press: 2004. 366 pp. ÂŁ55, $80 John C. Avise Charles Darwin is renownedA chrestomathy on fishes Darwin's Fishes: An Encyclopedia of Ichthyology, Ecology and Evolution be associated with some other taxonomic groups, notably Darwin's finches. During his career, Darwin wrote some 6

Avise, John

165

UNESCO EOLSS ENCYCLOPEDIA The Milky Way galaxy  

E-print Network

UNESCO EOLSS ENCYCLOPEDIA The Milky Way galaxy James Binney Physics Department Oxford University Key Words: Milky Way, galaxies Contents · Summary · Introduction · Recognition of the size density · The dark halo Summary Our Galaxy is typical of the galaxies that dominate star formation

166

Digital Encyclopedia: George Washington's Mount Vernon  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What was George Washington's life like at Mount Vernon? This frequent question is answered in fine form by this Digital Encyclopedia, compiled by a variety of scholars in collaboration with the Mount Vernon Estate. It is particularly appropriate that there is such a copious compendium of facts on the goings-on at Mt. Vernon, as Washington was enamored of encyclopedias during his life. Drawing on a range of primary sources, this project brings together hundreds of entries divided into over a dozen topics, including Military, Slavery, Food and Drink, and Animals. The Personal area is quite compelling, as it includes entries on Barbados, smallpox and, of course, the celebrated myths surrounding Washington's false teeth.

167

Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

When thinking about the Volunteer State, many people's minds may immediately turn to the accomplishments of President Andrew Jackson or the far-reaching impact of the massive public works project that resulted in the formation of the Tennessee Valley Authority. Interested parties can learn about these aspects of the state's history and culture, along with many other facets of the state, at this fine site which is the digital version of The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Originally released in 1998 as a large print volume, the Encyclopedia was placed online in a searchable format in 2002. Here visitors can browse through more than 1500 entries, along with 500 additional images and some audio and video files as well. For those interested in looking at the material by themes, they will be pleased to learn that the materials are also divided into categories, such as medicine, sports, county history, and industry.

168

Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Edited by Claude Summers and Ted-Larry Pebworth, this online encyclopedia is an excellent resource for information about many aspects of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender culture. From the main page, users can search the encyclopedia by keyword, or move through one of the thematic sections offered here, such as literature or the arts. Each of these sections contains an alphabetical subject guide and a popular topics section. Also featured is a Spotlight section that, in March 2003, features an extended essay on lesbian photography before Stonewall. The site also has a lively, monitored discussion area, featuring commentaries on literature, a suggestion area, and feedback on technical issues related to the site. Finally, the site has a list of all contributors to the project, with links to each of their entries.

169

Encyclopedia of the NOAA National Marine Sanctuaries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Encyclopedia of the Sanctuaries offers photos, streaming video and important facts for more than 100 key animal and plant species from each of the national marine sanctuaries. It allows users to search for their favorite species or browse the wildlife of each sanctuary by category, ranging from spiny lobster to killer whales and from white-tipped reef sharks to sea anemones. The encyclopedia entry for each species includes a photo, quick facts, information about its diet, habitat, distribution and status, and links to outside resources. Many of the entries also offer engaging, high-quality video clips of species in their natural habitats, making this an entertaining and informative resource for educators, students of all ages, zoos and aquaria, science and technology centers, and natural history museums.

2005-10-10

170

Encyclopedia of artificial intelligence: 2 Vol. set  

SciTech Connect

Drawing on the fields of computer science, electrical engineering, linguistics, mathematics, philosophy, psychology, and physiology, this one-volume encyclopedia brings together the core of knowledge on artificial intelligence. It provides an overview of how to program computers to emulate human behavior, offering a wide range of techniques for speech and visual generation, problem-solving and more. Over 250 entries are organized alphabetically, cross-referenced and indexed.

Shapiro, S.C.

1987-01-01

171

Encyclopedia of Smart Materials, 2 Volume Set  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Smart materials--materials and structures that can impart information about their environment to an observer or monitoring device--are revolutionizing fields as diverse as engineering, optics, and medical technology. Advances in smart materials are impacting disciplines across the scientific and technological landscape. Now, practictioners and researchers have an authoritative source to go to for answers about this emerging new area. Encyclopedia of Smart Materials provides A-to-Z coverage of the entire field of intelligent materials. Discussions of theory, fabrication, processing, applications, and uses of these unique materials are presented here in a collection of concise entries from the world's foremost experts in the field--including scientists, educators and engineers. This encyclopedia is as broad in scope as the technology itself, addressing daily, commercial applications as well as sophisticated units designed to operate in space, underwater, underground, and within the human body. Extensively cross-referenced and generously supplemented with bibliographies and indexes, this book's treatment also broaches the specialized properties and coatings that are required for the use of materials in extreme conditions. Illustrated with photographs, tables, line drawings, and equations, Encyclopedia of Smart Materials is the premier reference for material scientists, chemists, chemical engineers, process engineers, consultants, patent attorneys and students in these areas. An essential resource on the shelves of laboratories, government facilities, and academic libraries. Editor-in-Chief, Mel Schwartz has over forty years of experience with metals, ceramics, and composites, with special expertise in brazing. The holder of five patents, he has authored thirteen books and more than one hundred technical papers and articles. Reach the information you need rapidly and easily with the ONLINE edition of the Encyclopedia of Smart Materials. The online edition delivers all the rich content of the print edition with the added benefits of an advanced search engine and the desktop convenience of web access. For more information or to license the online edition (beginning July 2002) please visit: www.interscience.wiley.com/reference/esm

Schwartz, Mel

2002-03-01

172

Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Petroleum Engineering Minor  

E-print Network

Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Petroleum Engineering Minor Students their skills by taking a minor in petroleum engineering. Energy is the largest global industry at $3 trillion annually, and petroleum supplies 60 percent

Calgary, University of

173

Petroleum microbiology  

SciTech Connect

This book contains 17 chapters. Some of the chapter titles are: Microbial Metabolism of Cyclic Alkandes; Microbial Production of Methane; The Fate of Petroleum in Marine Ecosystesm; Effects of Hydrocarbons on Microorganisms; Treatment and Disposal of Petroleum Refinery Wastes; and Hydrocarbons as Substrates in Industrial Fermentations.

Atlas, R.M.

1984-01-01

174

Encyclopedia of computational neuroscience: The end of the second millennium  

E-print Network

1 Encyclopedia of computational neuroscience: The end of the second millennium ROMAN BORISYUK under the same cover a brilliant and nicely illustrated introduction into neuroanatomy/neurophysiology and an encyclopedia of mathematical/computational models in neuroscience. The book contains two chapters: I) Three

Borisyuk, Roman

175

CONTRIBUTORS' INSTRUCTIONS FOR ENCYCLOPEDIA OF INLAND WATERS PROOFREADING  

E-print Network

CONTRIBUTORS' INSTRUCTIONS FOR ENCYCLOPEDIA OF INLAND WATERS PROOFREADING Your proofs have been for illustrations and tables. Ensure that any material requiring permissions has the required credit line. Note of the encyclopedia, and are for content checking only. Artwork will have been redrawn/relabelled as necessary

Canberra, University of

176

Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes, an ongoing project from Kyoto University, has recently updated this collection of molecular interaction information. The Introduction section provides substantial information on the project background and data, as well as user guides and manuals to help users orient themselves to the database. Users can search for information on specific interactions in selected species, or browse to find metabolic pathways or gene sequences of interest. Computational tools include the ability to find similar sequences and generate possible reactions between compounds.

2002-01-01

177

Design of the diagnostic encyclopedia workstation (DEW).  

PubMed

The Diagnostic Encyclopedia Workstation (DEW) contains reference knowledge for diagnostic support in pathology. Illustrations are accessible via a video disc device. DEW can hold more knowledge, pictures and case histories than books, and its information is accessible via several entries. Software for data entry has been written in MUMPS with use of the relational database toolkit AIDA, which is particularly suited for manipulation of free text. The graphical mouse-driven user interface is written in C using MetaWindows. The DEW contains 85 diagnoses in ovarian pathology, covering all frequent cases and many rarities, illustrated by approximately 3000 pictures, divided among 158 cases. PMID:2225784

van Ginneken, A M; Smeulders, A W; Jansen, W; Baak, J P; Brooymans, I

1990-01-01

178

Virtual Knowledge: The Best Buys in 1998 CD-ROM Encyclopedias.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses questions to consider and features to look for in selecting a CD-ROM encyclopedia. Reviews Encyclopaedia Britannica CD 98 Multimedia Edition, Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia 1998, Microsoft Encarta 98 Encyclopedia, and Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia 1998. Contact information, price, and system requirements are listed. (JAK)

Burg, Barbara; Kautzman, Amy M.

1998-01-01

179

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Meteorites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, meteorites have caught the imagination of scientist and collector alike. An army of people are now actively searching for them in the hot and cold deserts of Earth. Fascinating extraterrestrial rocks in meteorites are our only contact with materials from beyond the Earth-Moon system. Using well known petrologic techniques, O. Richard Norton reveals in vivid color their extraordinary external and internal structures and taking readers to the atomic level, describes the environment within the solar nebula that existed before the planets accreted. Extensively illustrated, this volume is a valuable guide to assist searchers in the field in recognizing the many classes of meteorites and it is a superb reference source for students, teachers and scientists who wish to probe deeper these amazing rocks from space. O. Richard Norton is a contributing editor for Meteorite magazine and the author of The Planetarium and Atmospherium and Rocks from Space (Mountain Press, 1998). For the last 40 years, he has taught astronomy and space sciences at various US institutions.

Norton, O. Richard

2002-03-01

180

Petroleum Car  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Petroleum first saw widespread use in the transporation industry as a lubricant. It was refined into various products depending on which part of the engine they were meant to lubricate. It was transported in tanker cars like this one....

181

The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Widely considered to be one of the crowning achievements of the Enlightenment, the Encyclopedia edited by Denis Diderot and Jean le Rond d'Alembert in the 18th century has proved to be fertile ground for those who have sought to classify and chronicle the various branches of knowledge. This highly ambitious project was published during the period 1751 to 1777, and included 32 volumes amply illustrated with engraved plates. Close to 150 years later, a group of talented individuals sought to create an online version of the Encyclopedia translated into English, with links to the original French versions. The project is based at the University of Michigan Library, although contributors to the project are scattered across the world. Visitors to the site can search the currently available articles or browse by title, French title, or subject. Finally, visitors will want to take a look at the famous "Map of the System of Human Knowledge" that is immediately identified with this most celebrated human endeavor.

182

Proceedings, 2005 International Oil Spill Conference. American Petroleum Institute, Washington, DC. pp. 541-545. Ten Years of Realtime, Near-Surface Current Observations Supporting Oil Spill Response1  

E-print Network

Proceedings, 2005 International Oil Spill Conference. American Petroleum Institute, Washington, DC. pp. 541-545. Ten Years of Realtime, Near-Surface Current Observations Supporting Oil Spill Response1 Robert D. Martin, Jr. Texas General Land Office, Oil Spill Prevention & Response, P.O. Box 12873, Austin

183

Petroleum Institute Scholarly Publications  

E-print Network

Abu Dhabi The Petroleum Institute Scholarly Publications 2009 #12 Mechanical Engineering HHaaddii BBeellhhaajj Petroleum Engineering SSaaddoooonn MMoorraadd Petroleum LLaannggiillllee Advanced University Placement Editors' notes: Names in bold in citations indicate Petroleum

184

Petroleum Institute Scholarly Publications  

E-print Network

Abu Dhabi The Petroleum Institute Scholarly Publications 2008 #12.. AAkkgguunn Petroleum Engineering SS.. MMoorraadd Petroleum Geosciences RR.. NNuunnnn &&SS indicate Petroleum Institute faculty who are attached to the program shown. Every effort has been made

185

Petroleum Institute Scholarly Publications  

E-print Network

Abu Dhabi The Petroleum Institute Scholarly Publications 2010 #12;#12;The Petroleum Institute Belhaj Petroleum Engineering Sadoon Morad Petroleum Geosciences Sivakumar Sivasubramaniam College of Arts departments within the Petroleum Institute. Names in bold show Petroleum Institute faculty who are attached

186

Stimulated petroleum biodegradation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stimulated biodegradation has been considered as a method for removal of petroleum pollutants. Various methods have been proposed for increasing rates of petroleum biodegradation, including physical or chemical modification of petroleum polutants, modification of environmental parameters around polluting oil, and modification of microbial populations around petroleum pollutants. Physical or chemical means for stimulating petroleum biodegradation include removal of particular petroleum

Ronald M. Atlas; Richard L. Raymond

1977-01-01

187

Summarization of an online medical encyclopedia.  

PubMed

We explore a knowledge-rich (abstraction) approach to summarization and apply it to multiple documents from an online medical encyclopedia. A semantic processor functions as the source interpreter and produces a list of predications. A transformation stage then generalizes and condenses this list, ultimately generating a conceptual condensate for a given disorder topic. We provide a preliminary evaluation of the quality of the condensates produced for a sample of four disorders. The overall precision of the disorder conceptual condensates was 87%, and the compression ratio from the base list of predications to the final condensate was 98%. The conceptual condensate could be used as input to a text generator to produce a natural language summary for a given disorder topic. PMID:15360864

Fiszman, Marcelo; Rindflesch, Thomas C; Kilicoglu, Halil

2004-01-01

188

Encyclopedia of materials science and engineering  

SciTech Connect

A new eight-volume reference work providing the first complete coverage of the materials science and engineering field. Over 1600 authoritative articles, averaging 3000 words in length and complete with detailed bibliographies, make the encyclopedia is extensively crossreferenced, carefully indexed and illustrated, and in addition to its uniquely comprehensive scientific and technological coverage contains many articles on the policy and social aspects of materials. Contents (partial): Production, processing and properties of all the basic classes of materials such as metals, ceramics and polymers. Materials for specific applications including electronic, nuclear, biomedical and building materials. Materials-related phenomena and methods such as investigative and analytical techniques, nondestructive evaluation, materials degradation, failure analysis, and surfaces and interfaces. Overview articles to provide guidance in more than 40 specific areas of materials science and engineering. General subjects including materials science, materials engineering, materials resources, materials policy and economics.

Bever, M.B.

1985-01-01

189

The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture is "to collect and disseminate information on all aspects of the state's history and culture and to provide a comprehensive reference work for historians, teachers, students and individuals for the purpose of promoting the study, understanding, and appreciation of Arkansas's heritage." First-time visitors should check out the This Day in Arkansas History feature, which provides easy access to the lore, culture, history, and geography of the state. Moving on, visitors can use the Browse Entries area to look around the material by category, type, time period, or race & ethnicity. Those persons looking for a bit of audio-visual inspiration will want to click on over to the Browse Media area. Here, they can find songs performed by sons and daughters of Arkansas (including the legendary Al Hibbler), maps, and video clips from films like "Emerson County Shaping Dream" and "Unhooking the Hookworm."

190

CAMEO: Conservation & Art Material Encyclopedia Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Art historians, preservationists, and other types will be most glad to learn about the existence of the Conservation and Art Materials Encyclopedia Online (CAMEO). This is, of course, if they don't know about it already. The original CAMEO was first placed online in November 2000, and it has been significantly enlarged and updated over the past several years. This online resource contains chemical, physical, visual, and analytical information on over 10,000 historic and contemporary materials used in the production and conservation of artistic, architectural, archaeological, and anthropological materials. While some visitors may wish to use the embedded search engine, some may just wish to browse the materials by letter. Visitors can also perform a material search by entering a word, partial word, or a variety of other fields, including composition, density, and boiling point.

191

An integrated encyclopedia of DNA elements in the human genome  

E-print Network

The human genome encodes the blueprint of life, but the function of the vast majority of its nearly three billion bases is unknown. The Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) project has systematically mapped regions of ...

Altshuler, Robert Charles

192

Encyclopedias of Astronomical Biographies - Status and Prospects --  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Simple requests for biographies of famous astronomers can easily be satisfied. Short accounts of their lives are to be found in many books and encyclopedias. However, most of these sources are very incomplete, i. e.\\ do not provide information on less famous persons, and are not up to scientific standards. The most comprehensive sources of scientific biographies, Poggendorffs Biographisch-Literarisches Handwoerterbuch and Dictionary of Scientific Biography, are also not complete, partly not up-to-date and for most users not easily accessible. The most recent and most comprehensive dictionary of astronomical biography, containing 500 short entries, was written in Russian. Although a lot of information on biographies is available in publications, these are spread over thousands of volumes. There is no bibliography of these papers and books. During the last three years, short biographies of astronomers were also published in the World Wide Web. Some of these are on a very high scientific level. The author's collection of links to such WWW pages (http://www.astro.uni-bonn.de/~pbrosche/hist\\_astr/ ha\\_pers.html}) contains currently several thousand entries for more than 1200 persons related to the history of astronomy. This electronic ``encyclopedia'' in distributed form is now the most comprehensive and concentrated source for astronomical biographies. However, there are several problems arising from the electronic form of publication and from the uncoordinated and not always qualified efforts of the authors. The paper will discuss proposals, plans and first results of filling the gaps and increasing the quality, as well as some principal problems of writing short biographies and making them available to the public.

Dick, W. R.

193

Petroleum Tank  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Petroleum first saw widespread use in the transporation industry as a lubricant. It was refined into various products depending on which part of the engine they were meant to lubricate. Once transported by tanker car, it was stored in large tanks such as this one....

194

Prebiotic Petroleum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This short communication summarizes a global and continuous reflection on the origins of life. "Prebiotic Petroleum" assumes that "the class of most complex molecules of life that may have geochemical and abiotic origin is the class of fatty acids with long aliphatic chains" and proposes a physical process for the formation of liposomes. Developments following the workshop start from the idea that the liposomes also acquire ion exchange channels physically during their forming process.

Ali, Mekki-Berrada

2015-03-01

195

Mantle convection Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics, Harsh Gupta (ed.), Springer  

E-print Network

Mantle convection Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics, Harsh Gupta (ed.), Springer David;Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics Mantle Convection, David Bercovici MANTLE CONVECTION Synonyms Mantle dynamics. Mantle circulation. Definition Mantle convection: Thermal convection in the terrestrial planetary

196

Boyhood in America: An Encyclopedia. Volumes 1 and 2. The American Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This encyclopedia is the first reference work to focus on the life and history of U.S. boyhood through the centuries. Coverage in the encyclopedia spans education, ethnicity, sports, work, religion, and health issues. The encyclopedia's expert contributors approach topics from many disciplines, including history, cultural studies, media studies,…

Clement, Priscilla Ferguson, Ed.; Reinier, Jacqueline S., Ed.

197

Encyclopedia of Youth and War: Young People as Participants and Victims.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This encyclopedia provides comprehensive information on youth and war. Beginning with the 30 Years' War in the 17th century and ending with the conflicts in Bosnia and Kosovo, the encyclopedia covers children and youth from birth to age 18, with additional materials on young adults from 18 to 24 years of age. The encyclopedia includes over 300…

Sherrow, Victoria

198

The Encyclopedia of Life: Describing Species, Unifying Biology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Harvard biologist E. O. Wilson affirmed a perennial hope of biologists, taxonomists, and naturalists when in 2003 he wrote, â??An all-species encyclopedia of life is logically inevitable if for no other reason that the consolidation of biological knowledge is urgently overdue.â?ť Wilson proceeded with his vision of a Web-based encyclopedia in which there is a page devoted to each species on Earth, with links to diverse scientific databases. The species page, as envisaged, would summarize everything known about the species, from its genome and proteome to its distribution, habitat, and ecological relationships, as well as â??its practical importance for humanity.â?ť In May 2007, the Encyclopedia of Life (EOL) was officially launched, with support from the Sloan and MacArthur foundations.

Richard Blaustein (freelancer; )

2009-07-01

199

Palm & Cycad Societies of Florida: Virtual Cycad Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the Palm & Cycad Societies of Florida, the Virtual Cycad Encyclopedia is great resource for information and stories about the ancient cycads. The Encyclopedia comprises numerous articles organized under such topics as Cycad Taxonomy, Biology, Evolution, Horticulture, Conservation, and more. Examples of encyclopedia articles include: a 59-frame slide show on Growing and Collecting Cycads; an interactive Key to Cycad Genera; an older article on Pollination Biology of Cycads co-authored by staff at the New York Botanical Garden and the Fairchild Tropical Garden; and a Compiled List of Cycad Genera. The site also contains a Photo Gallery with many good-quality cycad images listed by scientific name. Site visitors will also find a collection of related links, and a list of reference books.

200

CALIFORNIA ENERGY PETROLEUM INDUSTRY INFORMATION  

E-print Network

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION PETROLEUM INDUSTRY INFORMATION REPORTING ACT (PIIRA) PROGRAM REPORTING PETROLEUM AND NON-PETROLEUM ................................................... 40 PRODUCT DEFINITIONS Major Petroleum Product Storer and Terminal Weekly Report Major petroleum product storers, terminal

201

Petroleum: The Petroleum (Production) (Amendment) Regulations, 1957   

E-print Network

These Regulations amend the Petroleum (Production) Regulations, 1935, which set out the requirements for applications for, and the model clauses to be incorporated in, prospecting and mining licences issued under the Petroleum (Production) Act, 1934...

Her Majesty's Stationary Office

1957-01-01

202

Petroleum Institute Scholarly Publications  

E-print Network

Abu Dhabi The Petroleum Institute Scholarly Publications January 1st ­ December 31st 2007 #12;The Petroleum Institute Scholarly Publications January 1st ­ December 31st 2007 v #12;- 2 - Scholarly Publications 2007 | The Petroleum Institute #12;- 3 - Scholarly Publications 2007 | The Petroleum Institute

203

The Focal Encyclopedia of Film and Television Techniques.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing convergence between film and television has brought about a need for an encyclopedia linking the two media. The volume covered here is devoted to the area of technology, to film and to television individually, and to the interrelationships which have developed between them. A historical framework is also provided, as is a survey of…

Spottiswoode, Raymond, Ed.; And Others

204

A Look at Four Encyclopedias of 1974--Especially Britannica.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a panel presentation, Americana, Colliers, Britannica, and World Book encyclopedias were compared. One member described her daughter's experiences in working on Britannica II. The organization of Britannica into a Propaedia, Micropaedia, and a Macropaedia was compared with the alphabetical arrangement of the others. The complex new form was…

Youngstown and Mahoning County Public Library, Youngstown, OH.

205

Self-Supervised Chinese Ontology Learning from Online Encyclopedias  

PubMed Central

Constructing ontology manually is a time-consuming, error-prone, and tedious task. We present SSCO, a self-supervised learning based chinese ontology, which contains about 255 thousand concepts, 5 million entities, and 40 million facts. We explore the three largest online Chinese encyclopedias for ontology learning and describe how to transfer the structured knowledge in encyclopedias, including article titles, category labels, redirection pages, taxonomy systems, and InfoBox modules, into ontological form. In order to avoid the errors in encyclopedias and enrich the learnt ontology, we also apply some machine learning based methods. First, we proof that the self-supervised machine learning method is practicable in Chinese relation extraction (at least for synonymy and hyponymy) statistically and experimentally and train some self-supervised models (SVMs and CRFs) for synonymy extraction, concept-subconcept relation extraction, and concept-instance relation extraction; the advantages of our methods are that all training examples are automatically generated from the structural information of encyclopedias and a few general heuristic rules. Finally, we evaluate SSCO in two aspects, scale and precision; manual evaluation results show that the ontology has excellent precision, and high coverage is concluded by comparing SSCO with other famous ontologies and knowledge bases; the experiment results also indicate that the self-supervised models obviously enrich SSCO. PMID:24715819

Shao, Zhiqing; Ruan, Tong

2014-01-01

206

Encyclopedia of Research on Distance Education in South Dakota. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The action research reports compiled in this revised Encyclopedia focus on distance education in South Dakota. Contents include: "Designing Instruction for Distance Education: Guide to Best Practice" (Michael Simonson); "Effectiveness of Strategies Used by South Dakota Distance Education Teachers" (Jan Brockel); "Consortium: Key To Successful…

Simonson, Michael, Comp.; Crawford, Margaret, Comp.

207

Book Review. Pushkinskaia Entsiklopediia “Mikhailovskoe” (Pushkin Encyclopedia “Mikhailovskoe”)  

E-print Network

This article reviews volume one of the encyclopedia, which sets out to be a systematic guide to information about the realities of A. S. Pushkin’s life in the Pskov region. The work is intended to help both reader and ...

Giullian, Jon C.

2006-01-01

208

Ecuador's Yasuni-ITT Initiative: Avoiding emissions by keeping petroleum underground  

Microsoft Academic Search

As large petroleum reserves were confirmed in the Yasuni National Park of Ecuador, one of the most biodiverse hotspots in the Amazonian region and the world, Ecuador has proposed indefinitely keeping almost a billion barrels of petroleum underground, if the international community contributes with at least half of the opportunity cost of exploiting the petroleum. An internationally administrated fund with

Carlos Larrea; Lavinia Warnars

2009-01-01

209

INTEGER SEQUENCES, ONLINE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF The OnLine Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences (URL: www.research.att.com/njas/sequences/)  

E-print Network

INTEGER SEQUENCES, ON­LINE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF The On­Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences (URL: www.research.att.com/¸njas/sequences/) is a large data­base of number sequences. Three examples will illustrate some of the ways in which it has

Sloane, Neil J. A.

210

31 CFR 576.308 - Iraqi petroleum and petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Iraqi petroleum and petroleum products. 576.308 Section 576.308 Money...REGULATIONS General Definitions § 576.308 Iraqi petroleum and petroleum products. The term Iraqi...

2014-07-01

211

31 CFR 576.308 - Iraqi petroleum and petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Iraqi petroleum and petroleum products. 576.308 Section 576.308 Money...REGULATIONS General Definitions § 576.308 Iraqi petroleum and petroleum products. The term Iraqi...

2012-07-01

212

31 CFR 576.308 - Iraqi petroleum and petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Iraqi petroleum and petroleum products. 576.308 Section 576.308 Money...REGULATIONS General Definitions § 576.308 Iraqi petroleum and petroleum products. The term Iraqi...

2011-07-01

213

31 CFR 576.308 - Iraqi petroleum and petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Iraqi petroleum and petroleum products. 576.308 Section 576.308 Money...REGULATIONS General Definitions § 576.308 Iraqi petroleum and petroleum products. The term Iraqi...

2013-07-01

214

Svetlana Kochkina, July 2013 1 Foreign and International Law Research  

E-print Network

as background articles, history, or news about countries' constitutions. World Constitutions Illustrated (McGill users only) (HeinOnline) - historical resources on international law. Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public

Kambhampati, Patanjali

215

Svetlana Kochkina, June 2012 1 Foreign and International Law Research  

E-print Network

articles, history, or news about countries' constitutions. World Constitutions Illustrated (McGill users law. Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (McGill users only) - more than 1700 subject

Shoubridge, Eric

216

100% petroleum house  

E-print Network

I am designing a Case Study House to be sponsored by Royal Dutch Shell which utilizes the by-product of oil extraction, petroleum gas, to produce a zero waste, 100% petroleum based house. The motivation of the Case Study ...

Costanza, David (David Nicholas)

2013-01-01

217

Petroleum Processing Wastes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a literature review of the petroleum processing wastes, covering publications of 1977. This review covers studies such as the use of activated carbon in petroleum and petrochemical waste treatment. A list of 15 references is also presented. (HM)

Baker, D. A.

1978-01-01

218

Petroleum supply monthly  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blends, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States.

NONE

1995-10-01

219

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major U.S. geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

NONE

1996-02-01

220

2001. Pp 161-176 in Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Vol 4, Simon A. Levin, ed, Academic Press. 2001. Pp 161-176 in Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Vol 4, Simon A. Levin, ed, Academic Press.  

E-print Network

2001. Pp 161-176 in Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Vol 4, Simon A. Levin, ed, Academic Press. #12;2001. Pp 161-176 in Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Vol 4, Simon A. Levin, ed, Academic Press. #12;2001. Pp 161-176 in Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Vol 4, Simon A. Levin, ed, Academic Press. #12;2001. Pp 161

Chesson, Peter L.

221

The properties of information support and the program-technological complex for preparing an Internet-Encyclopedia on Ecology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The technology for creating an Internet-Encyclopedia on Ecology is described. The Encyclopedia consists of two main functional\\u000a blocks: the block for preparing the encyclopedia database for publication on the Internet and the block providing a user access\\u000a to the materials of the Encyclopedia that are placed on a website. The block for preparing ensures the input, accumulation,\\u000a and storage of

V. G. Shamaev

2008-01-01

222

Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science--Statistical Methods Copyright Macmillan Reference Ltd 03 January 2002 Page 1  

E-print Network

Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science--Statistical Methods ©Copyright Macmillan Reference Ltd 03 January 2002 Page 1 283 ENCYCLOPEDIA OF COGNITIVE SCIENCE 2000 Macmillan Reference Ltd Statistical Methods Statistical methods#computational linguistics#machine learning#stochastic grammars Abney, Steven Steven Abney

Lin, Dekang

223

Book Title Encyclopedia of Machine Learning Book CopyRight -Year 2010  

E-print Network

Book Title Encyclopedia of Machine Learning Book CopyRight - Year 2010 Title Basket Analysis Author Hallstromin katu 2b) Postcode FI-00014 City Helsinki Country Finland 1 #12;Encyclopedia of Machine Learning beer." is example illustrates several potential bene ts of market basket analysis by association rules

Toivonen, Hannu

224

LETTER doi:10.1038/nature11003 The Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia enables predictive  

E-print Network

LETTER doi:10.1038/nature11003 The Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia enables predictive modelling and pharmacological annotation is available1 . Here we describe the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia (CCLE cancer cell lines. When coupled with pharmacological profiles for 24 anticancer drugs across 479of

Kaski, Samuel

225

From now on, the Encyclopedia Britannica will only be published online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Encyclopedia Britannica ends print, goes digitalhttp://www.chicagotribune.com/health/sns-rt-us-encyclopediabritannicabre82c1fs-20120313,0,338011.storyAfter 244 Years, Encyclopaedia Britannica Stops the Presseshttp://mediadecoder.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/03/13/after-244-years-encyclopaedia-britannica-stops-the-presses/Encyclopedia Britannica to stop printing bookshttp://money.cnn.com/2012/03/13/technology/encyclopedia-britannica-books/?cnn=yes&hpt=hp_t3Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th editionhttp://www.archive.org/details/EncyclopaediaBritannica1911HQDJVUDeath of a Sales Forcehttp://www1.salon.com/media/media960510.htmlBritannica.comhttp://www.britannica.com/The first proto-encyclopedia was created by Pliny the Elder two thousand years ago. Over the course of many years, he created a work that covered art, medicine, geography, geology, and natural history. Since that time, many encyclopedias have come and gone, and one of the most enduring is certainly the Encyclopedia Britannica. First published in 1768, the work began life in Edinburgh and it was considered one of the distinguishing products of the Scottish Enlightenment. This Tuesday it was announced that the Encyclopedia would no longer publish a print edition, but the company will continue to update and offer its digital online version. In a statement released this week to major news outlets, the company's president, Jorge Cauz, commented that "The print edition became more difficult to maintain and wasn't the best physical element to deliver the quality of our database and the quality of our editorial." Of course, the broader story of this transformation involves the rise of various free online encyclopedias, such as Wikipedia. Interested parties may still purchase one of the existing 15th edition printed copies of the Encyclopedia for $1,400.The first link will take visitors to a news article about the Encyclopedia Britannica's decision to go to an all-digital format from this Wednesday's Chicago Tribune. The second link will lead interested parties to a bit of commentary on this development from the New York Times' "Media Decoder" blog. Moving on, the third link will take users to a piece from CNN's Julianne Pepitone about the recent decision made by Encyclopedia Britannica to stop printing physical copies. The fourth link leads to a digitized copy of the celebrated (and rather controversial) 11th edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica, published in 1911. The fifth takes visitors to a great archived piece from Salon.com that features an interview with Myron Taxman, one of the last Encyclopedia Britannica salespeople. The final link leads to the homepage of the Encyclopedia Britannica, which offers free access to select articles and information about the company.

Grinnell, Max

2012-03-16

226

Petroleum: The Petroleum (Carbon Disulphide) Order, 1958   

E-print Network

The Order in Council now revoked by Article 2 of this Order when originally made applied to bisulphide of carbon the provisions of the Acts repealed and replaced by the Petroleum (Consolidation) Act, 1928, relating to the ...

Agnew, W.G.

1958-01-01

227

Petroleum: The Petroleum (Liquid Methane) Order, 1957   

E-print Network

This Order applies to liquid methane the provisions of the Petroleum (Consolidation) Act, 1928, except those which are inappropriate; in particular provisions appropriate only in the case of fuel for vehicles are not ...

Agnew, W.G.

1957-01-01

228

SYMBOLS.com: Encyclopedia of Western Signs and Ideograms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by HME Media, this site is an online version of Carl G. Liungman's Thought Signs (1995), an encyclopedia of graphic symbols. The site contains more than 2,500 Western signs, arranged into 54 groups according to their graphic characteristics. Ranging from Cro-Magnon carvings in mammoth teeth to hobo signs and subway graffiti, the signs are explained and examined in 1,600 articles. Users may search for the meaning or history of a sign in the Graphic Index or use the Word Index to find an ideogram with a certain meaning.

Liungman, Carl G., 1938-.

229

Petroleum: The Petroleum-Spirit (Conveyance by Road) Regulations, 1958   

E-print Network

Regulation 23 of the Petroleum-Spirit (Conveyance by Road) Regulations, 1957, regulates the type and capacity of the vessels in which petroleum-spirit (which expression includes certain mixtures of petroleum with other substances) may be contained...

Butler, R.A.

1958-01-01

230

Petroleum County Secondary Data Analysis  

E-print Network

Petroleum County Secondary Data Analysis July 23, 2012 1 Community Health Data, MT Dept American Diabetes Association (2012) Region 3 (South Central) ­ Judith Basin, Fergus, Petroleum* #12; Petroleum County Secondary Data Analysis July 23, 2012 2 Socioeconomic Measures1

Maxwell, Bruce D.

231

Expansion of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea  

SciTech Connect

To date the vast majority of bacterial and archaeal genomes sequenced are of rather limited phylogenetic diversity as they were chosen based on their physiology and/ or medical importance. The Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea (GEBA) project (Wu et al. 2009) is aimed at systematically filling the gaps of the tree of life with phylogenetically diverse reference genomes. However more than 99 percent of microorganisms elude current culturing attempts, severely limiting the ability to recover complete or even partial genomes of these largely mysterious species. These limitations gave rise to the GEBA uncultured project. Here we propose to use single cell genomics to massively expand the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea by targeting 80 single cell representatives of uncultured candidate phyla which have no or very few cultured representatives. Generating these reference genomes of uncultured microbes will dramatically increase the discovery rate of novel protein families and biological functions, shed light on the numerous underrepresented phyla that likely play important roles in the environment, and will assist in improving the reconstruction of the evolutionary history of Bacteria and Archaea. Moreover, these data will improve our ability to interpret metagenomics sequence data from diverse environments, which will be of tremendous value for microbial ecology and evolutionary studies to come.

Rinke, Christian; Sczyrba, Alex; Malfatti, Stephanie; Lee, Janey; Cheng, Jan-Fang; Stepanauskas, Ramunas; Eisen, Jonathan A.; Hallam, Steven; Inskeep, William P.; Hedlund, Brian P.; Sievert, Stefan M.; Liu, Wen-Tso; Tsiamis, George; Hugenholtz, Philip; Woyke, Tanja

2011-06-02

232

Expansion of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea  

SciTech Connect

To date the vast majority of bacterial and archaeal genomes sequenced are of rather limited phylogenetic diversity as they were chosen based on their physiology and/ or medical importance. The Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea (GEBA) project (Wu et al. 2009) is aimed to systematically filling the gaps of the tree of life with phylogenetically diverse reference genomes. However more than 99percent of microorganisms elude current culturing attempts, severely limiting the ability to recover complete or even partial genomes of these largely mysterious species. These limitations gave rise to the GEBA uncultured project. Here we propose to use single cell genomics to massively expand the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea by targeting 80 single cell representatives of uncultured candidate phyla which have no or very few cultured representatives. Generating these reference genomes of uncultured microbes will dramatically increase the discovery rate of novel protein families and biological functions, shed light on the numerous underrepresented phyla that likely play important roles in the environment, and will assist in improving the reconstruction of the evolutionary history of Bacteria and Archaea. Moreover, these data will improve our ability to interpret metagenomics sequence data from diverse environments, which will be of tremendous value for microbial ecology and evolutionary studies to come.

Rinke, Christian; Sczyrba, Alex; Malfatti, Stephanie; Lee, Janye; Cheng, Jan-Fang; Stepanauskas, Ramunas; Eisen, Jonathan A.; Hallam, Steven; Inskeep, William P.; Hedlund, Brian P.; Sievert, Stefan M.; Liu, Wen-Tso; Tsiamis, George; Hugenholtz, Philip; Woyke, Tanja

2011-03-20

233

Petroleum supply monthly, April 1994  

SciTech Connect

Data presented in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographical regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the US. The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the US.

Not Available

1994-04-01

234

Dictionary of petroleum terms  

SciTech Connect

Terms included in the dictionary come from writers and contributors of the Petroleum Extension Service of Texas (PETEC), which constantly revises and updates the material to keep it current. Over 170 pages of petroleum-related words include those involving exploration, production, processing, transport, marketing, and use. Lists of abbreviations, units, and metric equivalents and prefixes follow the dictionary.

Leecraft, J. (ed.)

1983-01-01

235

Fundamentals of Petroleum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Basic information on petroleum is presented in this book prepared for naval logistics officers. Petroleum in national defense is discussed in connection with consumption statistics, productive capacity, world's resources, and steps in logistics. Chemical and geological analyses are made in efforts to familiarize methods of refining, measuring,…

Bureau of Naval Personnel, Washington, DC.

236

Marine petroleum source rocks  

SciTech Connect

Marine petroleum source rocks are of interest not only to petroleum geologists and geochemists but also to sedimentologists, stratigraphers and many oceanographers. This book is a collection of papers which were presented at a meeting held at the Royal Society, London, which was organized by the Petroleum Geochemistry and Marine Studies Groups of the Geological Society of London, with support from the Petroleum Exploration Society of Great Britain and various oil companies. The aim of the meeting was to bring together acknowledged experts and active workers from all the various disciplines that study marine petroleum source rocks and organic-rich marine sediments. General principles, depositional environments, especially important geographical areas and critical periods of the geological record were considered.

Brooks, J.; Fleet, A.

1986-01-01

237

CALIFORNIA ENERGY PETROLEUM FUELSPETROLEUM FUELS  

E-print Network

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION PETROLEUM FUELSPETROLEUM FUELS SET-ASIDE PROGRAMSET-ASIDE PROGRAM for administering the Petroleum Fuels Set-Aside Program (Fuels Set-Aside Program). During a proclaimed state of emergency, intrastate petroleum and petroleum product stocks that are essential to life, property

238

Petroleum Biodegradation in Marine Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Petroleum-based products are the major source of energy for industry and daily life. Petroleum is also the raw material for many chemical products such as plastics, paints, and cosmetics. The transport of petroleum across the world is frequent, and the amounts of petroleum stocks in developed countries are enormous. Consequently, the potential for oil spills is significant, and research on

Shigeaki Harayama; Hideo Kishira; Yuki Kasai; Kazuaki Shutsubo

1999-01-01

239

An integrated encyclopedia of DNA elements in the human genome.  

PubMed

The human genome encodes the blueprint of life, but the function of the vast majority of its nearly three billion bases is unknown. The Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) project has systematically mapped regions of transcription, transcription factor association, chromatin structure and histone modification. These data enabled us to assign biochemical functions for 80% of the genome, in particular outside of the well-studied protein-coding regions. Many discovered candidate regulatory elements are physically associated with one another and with expressed genes, providing new insights into the mechanisms of gene regulation. The newly identified elements also show a statistical correspondence to sequence variants linked to human disease, and can thereby guide interpretation of this variation. Overall, the project provides new insights into the organization and regulation of our genes and genome, and is an expansive resource of functional annotations for biomedical research. PMID:22955616

2012-09-01

240

An Integrated Encyclopedia of DNA Elements in the Human Genome  

PubMed Central

Summary The human genome encodes the blueprint of life, but the function of the vast majority of its nearly three billion bases is unknown. The Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) project has systematically mapped regions of transcription, transcription factor association, chromatin structure, and histone modification. These data enabled us to assign biochemical functions for 80% of the genome, in particular outside of the well-studied protein-coding regions. Many discovered candidate regulatory elements are physically associated with one another and with expressed genes, providing new insights into the mechanisms of gene regulation. The newly identified elements also show a statistical correspondence to sequence variants linked to human disease, and can thereby guide interpretation of this variation. Overall the project provides new insights into the organization and regulation of our genes and genome, and an expansive resource of functional annotations for biomedical research. PMID:22955616

2012-01-01

241

Externality Regulation in Oil and Gas Encyclopedia of Energy, Natural Resource, and  

E-print Network

Externality Regulation in Oil and Gas Chapter 56 Encyclopedia of Energy, Natural Resource property typically results in either congestion or stock externalities. Common Carrier: Legislation to lease acreage, number of wells drilled, or productivity of leases. Congestion Externality: When one

Garousi, Vahid

242

A Contribution to the Encyclopedia of Ocean Science Sensors: Current Meters Single Point  

E-print Network

1 A Contribution to the Encyclopedia of Ocean Science Sensors: Current Meters ­ Single Point Peter. However, a more fundamental problem arises in the surface wave zone. This may be illustrated by reference

Griffiths, Gwyn

243

Genomic encyclopedia of sugar utilization pathways in the Shewanella genus  

PubMed Central

Background Carbohydrates are a primary source of carbon and energy for many bacteria. Accurate projection of known carbohydrate catabolic pathways across diverse bacteria with complete genomes constitutes a substantial challenge due to frequent variations in components of these pathways. To address a practically and fundamentally important challenge of reconstruction of carbohydrate utilization machinery in any microorganism directly from its genomic sequence, we combined a subsystems-based comparative genomic approach with experimental validation of selected bioinformatic predictions by a combination of biochemical, genetic and physiological experiments. Results We applied this integrated approach to systematically map carbohydrate utilization pathways in 19 genomes from the Shewanella genus. The obtained genomic encyclopedia of sugar utilization includes ~170 protein families (mostly metabolic enzymes, transporters and transcriptional regulators) spanning 17 distinct pathways with a mosaic distribution across Shewanella species providing insights into their ecophysiology and adaptive evolution. Phenotypic assays revealed a remarkable consistency between predicted and observed phenotype, an ability to utilize an individual sugar as a sole source of carbon and energy, over the entire matrix of tested strains and sugars. Comparison of the reconstructed catabolic pathways with E. coli identified multiple differences that are manifested at various levels, from the presence or absence of certain sugar catabolic pathways, nonorthologous gene replacements and alternative biochemical routes to a different organization of transcription regulatory networks. Conclusions The reconstructed sugar catabolome in Shewanella spp includes 62 novel isofunctional families of enzymes, transporters, and regulators. In addition to improving our knowledge of genomics and functional organization of carbohydrate utilization in Shewanella, this study led to a substantial expansion of our current version of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Carbohydrate Utilization. A systematic and iterative application of this approach to multiple taxonomic groups of bacteria will further enhance it, creating a knowledge base adequate for the efficient analysis of any newly sequenced genome as well as of the emerging metagenomic data. PMID:20836887

2010-01-01

244

Petroleum and the Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

High school students should understand that environmental issues and concerns accompany both the production and consumption of petroleum. To help students explore this topic further, this article discusses how petroleum is used in everyday life, and includes a poster that is running as an insert from the American Geological Institute. If today's students are to have a role in decisions to meet the energy demands of tomorrow, they must understand petroleum's importance, its sources, how it is processed and used, the policies and regulations designed to safeguard natural resources, and global energy needs.

Geoffrey Camphire

2005-12-01

245

Petroleum supply monthly, August 1993  

SciTech Connect

This publication the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report, (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. Data presented are divided into Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

Not Available

1993-09-01

246

Petroleum property valuation  

E-print Network

This paper provides an overview of the principal economic methods employed to assess the value of petroleum properties. The difference between wellhead and in situ resource values is examined, as well as drawbacks inherent ...

Smith, James L.

2003-01-01

247

Illustrated petroleum reference dictionary  

SciTech Connect

An illustrated dictionary covering the petroleum industry from oil exploration to refining is presented. More than 2500 subjects are addressed and the dictionary includes sections on university conversion factors and abbreviations.

Langenkamp, R.D. (ed.)

1980-01-01

248

Petroleum Depletion by Inquiry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a draft of an inquiry-based activity on peak oil. Students are asked to contribute in a whole class discussion their thoughts about petroleum use and its availability. They then work in groups to make sense of existing data on petroleum discoveries and consumption, and project future discoveries, future consumption, and the lifespan of the legacy of discovered oil. They then are asked to adjust future consumption so that oil reserves last until 2070.

Andrew P. Johnson

249

Romania's petroleum systems  

SciTech Connect

In Romania, nine onshore petroleum systems and one offshore petroleum system have recently been identified. Of the onshore systems, three are related to the compressional folded basins: Teleajen-Sita (early Middle Cretaceous marine source rocks), and Puciossa-Fusaru and Alunis-Kliwa (Oligocene-early Miocene marine source rocks). In the same category, we have included the recently discovered Deleni petroleum system with source rocks of not yet identified origin but whose reservoirs certainly belong to a folded basin. In the foreland platform basins, two systems can be distinguished: Rimesti-Fauresti (Middle Jurassic marine source rocks) and Infra-Anhydrite (with presumed Middle Jurassic or middle Miocene marine source rocks). The areas corresponding to the posttectonic basins include three onshore petroleum systems and one offshore system: the Pannonian (Badenian marine and Sarmatian brackish water source rocks), the Valea Caselor-Borsa (oligocene marine source rocks) and the Transylvanian (Badenian marine shales source and Sarmatian brackish water source rocks). Offshore, there is only one petroleum system consisting of Oligocene-Miocene marine source rock and Cretaceous or Eocene reservoirs. The majority of the mentioned petroleum systems reservoirs are Paleozoic to Pliocene clastics, but in the platform areas, carbonate reservoirs are found in the Paleozoic and Mesozoic. In all the petroleum systems, despite the different ages of the source rocks, most of the hydrocarbons have been expelled relatively recently during the Late Sarmatian-Pliocene interval. This face is substantiated by examples from two petroleum systems: the Rimesti-Fauresti (duration time 173 m.y., preservation 2 m.y.) and the Alunis-Kliwa (duration time 29-30 m.y., preservation 4 m.y.). The hydrocarbons were first expelled and migrated into described systems reservoirs after Late Styrian and Moldavian overthrusting, i.e. not earlier than 12-14 m.y.

Stefanescu, M.O. (Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Bucharest (Romania)); Popescu, B.M. (Petroconsultants S.A., Geneva (Switzerland))

1993-09-01

250

Phillips Petroleum`s Seastar Project  

SciTech Connect

On May 1, 1995 Phillips Petroleum`s Seastar Project began production as the first cluster-type subsea development in the Gulf of Mexico. Seastar production reached approximately 60 million cubic feet of gas per day (mmscfd) in November 1995 with the completion of a second {open_quotes}sales{close_quotes} line (a pipeline that transports the petroleum to shore) at the Vermilion Block 386-B host platform. Currently, the field is producing 40 to 50 mmscfd and plans are on schedule for the addition of a third producing well during the first quarter of 1997. All of the subsea equipment was installed using a drilling vessel and onboard ROV support. The Seastar project began in 1987 when Phillips and its partners leased Garden Banks Blocks 70 and 71, located 110 miles south of Cameron Louisiana. The partnership drilled two wells in 1990 that discovered noncommercial hydrocarbon reserves. Following a reevaluation of the seismic data, Phillips assumed 100 percent ownership in the leases and drilled Garden Banks 71 No. 2, which discovered 350 feet of {open_quotes}pay{close_quotes} sand (oil resource) in March 1993. The initial phase of the project consisted of two satellite subsea trees tied back to a four-slot retrievable subsea manifold in 760 feet of water. Commingled gas production is delivered via dual subsea pipelines to a host platform processing facility in 300 feet of water 13 miles away in Vermilion Block 386-B, thence via sales lines to shore.

Upchurch, J.L. [Phillips Petroleum Co., Bellaire, TX (United States); Money, R.P. [Aker Engineering Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1997-02-01

251

Why Do We Need Petroleum?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity students learn the importance of petroleum products by considering what it would be like to live in a world without them. After the teacher reviews some uses of petroleum as well as some problems caused by the use of petroleum, students study a worksheet that includes pictures of two houses. The houses are identical except everything made with petroleum has been taken out of the second one. Students are asked to draw replacements not made with petroleum products for the missing items and answer some questions. They learn the many ways petroleum is used in our industrial society, and the advantages and disadvantages of its use.

Brian O'Neill

252

Petroleum Conveyance: The Petroleum-Spirit (Conveyance) Regulations, 1948   

E-print Network

Under Regulation 9 of the Petroleum-Spirit (Conveyance) Regulations, 1939, petroleum-spirit may, in the circumstances in which that Regulation applies, be conveyed by road only in strong metal vessels. The amendment made ...

Her Majesty's Stationary Office

1948-07-28

253

AnnualReport2012 Department of Petroleum  

E-print Network

AnnualReport2012 Department of Petroleum Engineering and Applied Geophysics #12;Department of Petroleum Engineering and Applied Geophysics Department of Petroleum Engineering and Applied Geophysics S. P . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Center for integrated operations in the petroleum industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 EDUCATION

Malinnikova, Eugenia

254

Reol: R interface to the Encyclopedia of Life.  

PubMed

The Encyclopedia of Life is a website that hosts information about life on Earth. Its mission is to increase awareness and understanding of living nature through a freely accessible digital source. Information is publicly available through graphical webpages (browser interface) or through an application programming interface (API). We developed Reol, an open-source package for the R environment, which downloads data from the EOL API, searches for and extracts specific information, and builds tables with quantitative data and/or hierarchical classifications. We provide a detailed description how Reol can be used as a bridge between the R environment and the EOL API to extract quantitative or hierarchical content. It will be particularly useful for researchers who want information about taxonomic groups of interest (for example: how much information is known about flatworm species? What are the taxonomic synonyms for bird species?) or construct a taxonomic tree. Reol is a tool for researchers who wish to download and gather data from EOL or its provider pages. We provide numerous functions within R for downloading, gathering data in different forms, creating taxonomic trees, and plotting data, which work with functions already available through various packages. It joins a growing body of R packages that interact with web-based APIs to streamline data acquisition, thereby easing the analysis of large publicly available datasets. PMID:25360287

Banbury, Barbara L; O'Meara, Brian C

2014-06-01

255

Genomic encyclopedia of sugar utilization pathways in the Shewanella genus  

SciTech Connect

To address a practically and fundamentally important challenge of reconstruction of carbohydrate utilization machinery in any microorganism directly from its genomic sequence, we have established a subsystems-based comparative approach and applied it to 19 genomes from the Shewanella genus. The key stages of our approach include: (i) a homology-based identification of gene candidates using a genomic compilation of ~500 known components of sugar catabolic pathways; (ii) functional assignment of orthologs and prediction of alternative genes and pathway variants based on genomic (operons, regulons) and functional (subsystems, pathways) context analysis; (iii) validation of bioinformatic predictions by a combination of biochemical, genetic and physiological experiments. The obtained genomic encyclopedia of sugar utilization includes ~170 protein families (mostly metabolic enzymes, transporters and transcriptional regulators) spanning 17 distinct pathways with a mosaic distribution across Shewanella species providing insights into their ecophysiology and adaptive evolution. The reconstructed catabolic pathways are significantly enriched by nonorthologous gene replacements and alternative biochemical routes. Phenotypic assays revealed a remarkable consistency between predicted and observed phenotype, an ability to utilize an individual sugar as a sole source of carbon and energy, over the entire matrix of tested strains and sugars. In addition to improving our knowledge of genomics, functional organization and evolution of the sugar catabolome, this study confirmed the efficiency of the established approach, which is scalable and applicable to other groups of microorganisms.

Rodionov, Dmitry A.; Yang, Chen; Li, Xiaoqing; Rodionova, Irina A.; Wang, Yanbing; Obraztsova, Anna; Zagnitko, Olga P.; Overbeek, Ross; Romine, Margaret F.; Reed, Samantha B.; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Nealson, Kenneth H.; Osterman, Andrei L.

2010-09-13

256

Reol: R interface to the Encyclopedia of Life  

PubMed Central

The Encyclopedia of Life is a website that hosts information about life on Earth. Its mission is to increase awareness and understanding of living nature through a freely accessible digital source. Information is publicly available through graphical webpages (browser interface) or through an application programming interface (API). We developed Reol, an open-source package for the R environment, which downloads data from the EOL API, searches for and extracts specific information, and builds tables with quantitative data and/or hierarchical classifications. We provide a detailed description how Reol can be used as a bridge between the R environment and the EOL API to extract quantitative or hierarchical content. It will be particularly useful for researchers who want information about taxonomic groups of interest (for example: how much information is known about flatworm species? What are the taxonomic synonyms for bird species?) or construct a taxonomic tree. Reol is a tool for researchers who wish to download and gather data from EOL or its provider pages. We provide numerous functions within R for downloading, gathering data in different forms, creating taxonomic trees, and plotting data, which work with functions already available through various packages. It joins a growing body of R packages that interact with web-based APIs to streamline data acquisition, thereby easing the analysis of large publicly available datasets. PMID:25360287

Banbury, Barbara L; O'Meara, Brian C

2014-01-01

257

Petroleum marketing monthly, July 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in five sections: summary statistics; crude oil prices; prices of petroleum products; volumes of petroleum products; and prime supplier sales volumes of petroleum products for local consumption. 7 figs., 50 tabs.

Not Available

1994-07-01

258

Petroleum supply monthly, August 1994  

SciTech Connect

Data presented in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

Not Available

1994-08-26

259

Petroleum marketing annual, 1992  

SciTech Connect

This publication contains statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the free-on-board (f.o.b.) and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1993-07-01

260

PETROLEUM INDUSTRY INFORMATION REPORTING ACT  

E-print Network

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION PETROLEUM INDUSTRY INFORMATION REPORTING ACT: RULEMAKING;1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In the six months since the new Petroleum Industry Information Reporting Act (PIIRA which is used by the petroleum industry and market trading groups to assess the trends in California

261

Chemical Principles Revisited: Petroleum Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an historical review of the role of petroleum in world history and information on the chemistry of petroleum. It is suggested that petroleum chemistry be discussed since within the next two decades oil and gas will provide the major portion of U.S. energy. (Author/SA)

Kolb, Doris; Kolb, Kenneth E.

1979-01-01

262

Petroleum supply monthly, April 1990  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of three publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other two publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR) and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the Petroleum Supply Monthly describe (PSM) the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in Primary Supply.'' Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: (1) the Summary Statistics and (2) the Detailed Statistics.

None

1990-06-26

263

Chapter 17 in Encyclopedia of Computational Mechanics, Volume 3: Fluids Finite Element Methods for Fluid Dynamics with  

E-print Network

Chapter 17 in Encyclopedia of Computational Mechanics, Volume 3: Fluids Finite Element Methods surfaces, two-fluid interfaces, fluid­object and fluid­structure in- teractions, and moving mechanical in Encyclopedia of Computational Mechanics, Volume 3: Fluids (eds. E. Stein, R. De Borst and T.J.R. Hughes), John

Tezduyar, Tayfun E.

264

Illustrated petroleum reference dictionary  

SciTech Connect

An illustrated dictionary with approximately 3,000 entries is presented. Many of the entries are illustrated. In addition to the dictionary section, a section on universal conversion factors is presented, along with a section on common abbreviations used in the petroleum industry. (JMT)

Langenkamp, R.D.

1982-01-01

265

Petroleum lands and leasing  

SciTech Connect

This is a reference book for the lessor, lessee, royalty owner, PLM student and landman. Contents: A historical background; Rights of ownership; Instruments of conveyance; Who owns this land. The oil and gas lease and leasing procedures; Curing titles; Pooling and utilization; Contracts and agreements; Lease maintenance; Land measurements and descriptions; Code of ethics; American Association of Petroleum Landmen; Glossary.

Burk, J.

1984-01-01

266

Trends of petroleum fuels  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trends in properties of motor gasolines for the years 1942 through 1984; diesel fuels for the years 1950 through 1983; aviation fuels for the years 1947 through 1983; and heating oils for the years 1955 through 1984, have been evaluated based upon data contained in surveys prepared and published by the National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER) formerly

E. M. Shelton; P. W. Woodward

1985-01-01

267

Petroleum Vapor - Field Technical  

EPA Science Inventory

The screening approach being developed by EPA OUST to evaluate petroleum vapor intrusion (PVI) requires information that has not be routinely collected in the past at vapor intrusion sites. What is the best way to collect this data? What are the relevant data quality issues and ...

268

Petroleum supply monthly, January 1996  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

NONE

1996-02-15

269

Petroleum supply monthly, June 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

Not Available

1994-06-28

270

Petroleum supply monthly, May 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum supply annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

Not Available

1994-05-27

271

Petroleum supply monthly, September 1991  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of three publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other two publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR) and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administrations for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 states and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in Primary Supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections (1) the Summary Statistics and (2) the Detailed Statistics. 65 tabs.

Not Available

1991-09-30

272

Petroleum supply monthly, July 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

Not Available

1994-07-26

273

Petroleum supply monthly, October 1993  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

Not Available

1993-10-26

274

Petroleum Supply Monthly, August 1990  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of three publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other two publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR) and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) district movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in Primary Supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections (1) the Summary Statistics and (2) the Detailed Statistics.

Not Available

1990-10-30

275

Petroleum Supply Monthly, July 1990  

SciTech Connect

Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 states and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in Primary Supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States.

Not Available

1990-09-28

276

31 CFR 542.314 - Petroleum or petroleum products of Syrian origin.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Petroleum or petroleum products of Syrian origin. 542.314 Section...REGULATIONS General Definitions § 542.314 Petroleum or petroleum products of Syrian origin. The...

2014-07-01

277

19 CFR 151.47 - Optional entry of net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Optional entry of net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products. 151.47 Section 151.47 Customs...EXAMINATION, SAMPLING, AND TESTING OF MERCHANDISE Petroleum and Petroleum Products § 151.47 Optional...

2013-04-01

278

19 CFR 151.47 - Optional entry of net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Optional entry of net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products. 151.47 Section 151.47 Customs...EXAMINATION, SAMPLING, AND TESTING OF MERCHANDISE Petroleum and Petroleum Products § 151.47 Optional...

2011-04-01

279

19 CFR 151.47 - Optional entry of net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Optional entry of net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products. 151.47 Section 151.47 Customs...EXAMINATION, SAMPLING, AND TESTING OF MERCHANDISE Petroleum and Petroleum Products § 151.47 Optional...

2012-04-01

280

31 CFR 542.412 - Transactions relating to Syrian petroleum or petroleum products from third countries...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Transactions relating to Syrian petroleum or petroleum products from third countries; transshipments...Interpretations § 542.412 Transactions relating to Syrian petroleum or petroleum products from third countries;...

2014-07-01

281

19 CFR 151.47 - Optional entry of net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Optional entry of net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products. 151.47 Section 151.47 Customs...EXAMINATION, SAMPLING, AND TESTING OF MERCHANDISE Petroleum and Petroleum Products § 151.47 Optional...

2010-04-01

282

19 CFR 151.47 - Optional entry of net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 false Optional entry of net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products. 151.47 Section 151.47 Customs...EXAMINATION, SAMPLING, AND TESTING OF MERCHANDISE Petroleum and Petroleum Products § 151.47 Optional...

2014-04-01

283

46 CFR 148.04-15 - Petroleum coke, uncalcined; petroleum coke, uncalcined and calcined (mixture).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Petroleum coke, uncalcined; petroleum coke, uncalcined and calcined (mixture...Requirements for Certain Material § 148.04-15 Petroleum coke, uncalcined; petroleum coke,...

2010-10-01

284

31 CFR 542.208 - Prohibited importation of petroleum or petroleum products of Syrian origin.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Prohibited importation of petroleum or petroleum products of Syrian origin. 542.208 Section...Prohibitions § 542.208 Prohibited importation of petroleum or petroleum products of Syrian origin....

2014-07-01

285

15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 754 - Petroleum and Petroleum Products  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Petroleum and Petroleum Products No. Supplement No. 1 to Part 754 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations...SHORT SUPPLY CONTROLS Pt. 754, Supp. 1 Supplement No. 1 to Part 754—Petroleum and Petroleum...

2011-01-01

286

15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 754 - Petroleum and Petroleum Products  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Petroleum and Petroleum Products No. Supplement No. 1 to Part 754 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations...SHORT SUPPLY CONTROLS Pt. 754, Supp. 1 Supplement No. 1 to Part 754—Petroleum and Petroleum...

2010-01-01

287

Plotting the Petroleum Plume  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity students study a cross-section showing the different soil layers and zones in a typical water table aquifer setting and also a cross-section of a monitoring well. Students discover that monitoring wells are constructed to determine water table elevations and to determine the amount or concentration of different chemical compounds (pollution) in the groundwater. They also learn that monitoring wells are very useful in determining if there has been a leak or spill of petroleum fuel oil from fuel tank farms (where fuel oil is stored in huge tanks) or gas stations. During this activity students learn the difference between confining layers and aquifers in a basic water table aquifer scenario, gain an understanding of how monitoring wells are constructed and used in the field, and are able to contour groundwater elevation and petroleum product thickness data. This site also includes directions to construct a demonstration monitoring well.

288

Allocation of energy use in petroleum refineries to petroleum products  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim, Scope, and Background  Studies to evaluate the energy and emission impacts of vehicle\\/fuel systems have to address allocation of the energy use and\\u000a emissions associated with petroleum refineries to various petroleum products because refineries produce multiple products.\\u000a The allocation is needed in evaluating energy and emission effects of individual transportation fuels. Allocation methods\\u000a used so far for petroleum-based fuels (e.g.,

Michael Wang; Hanjie Lee; John Molburg

2004-01-01

289

Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Elsevier Science, full access to the Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering is temporarily free. The objective of the journal is to "bridge the gap between petroleum engineering and petroleum geology by publishing explicitly written articles intelligible to scientists and engineers working in any field of petroleum engineering or petroleum geology."

290

Norwegian petroleum guide  

SciTech Connect

This is about the comprehensive guide to Norwegian oil and gas activities, very useful to anyone in the industry. Material includes political guidelines, control institutions, work possibilities and licenses, working environment law, employer and employee organizations, national insurance, taxes, communication, rescue operations and standby. Contents: Oil and the economy; Petroleum technology research; Responsibilities of different authorities; The Labour Inspection Directorate; The Health Directorate Offshore Office; The Coastal Directorate; Helicopter traffic; The Norwegian Petroleum Directorate; The Maritime Directorate; Det norske Veritas; The Norwegian Waterways and Electricity Board; The State Institute for Radiation Hygiene; The State Explosive Inspection; Work possibilities in the North Sea; Working environment legislation on the Continental Shelf; Collective bargaining agreements, labor conflicts and the right to organize; Taxation Rules; National health insurance and the petroleum activity; Occupational injuries on the Norwegian Continental Shelf; Company insurances; The private pension scheme; Other types of insuracne common among oil companies; The rescue service in Norway; Oganizations within the oil industry offshore and onshore; and Law of aliens admission to the Kindgom.

Christie, H.B.

1984-01-01

291

Petroleum research grants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Five earth sciences grants are available through the American Chemical Society's Petroleum Research Fund (PRF). These grants are intended to assist ‘advanced scientific education and fundamental research in the “petroleum field,” which may include any field of pure science which … may afford a basis for subsequent research directly connected with the petroleum field,’ according to Justin W. Collat, PRF program administrator.The grants are divided into three categories, Collat said. The first, called type AC, generally supports graduate students or postdoctoral fellows. Awards may be up to $15,000 per year for a maximum of 3 years. The second, type B, is for faculty research with undergraduate students in academic departments which do not offer a Ph.D. degree. The maximum award is $6500 annually for 2 years. And last, a special ‘starter’ grant program is available for beginning faculty investigators. These grants consist of $10,000 for 2 years, Collat said, and are limited to faculty members in the first 3 years of their first faculty appointment. These faculty members cannot have any major support of their research, except for that provided by their institution.

Richman, Barbara T.

292

Networks: Contribution to the Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Author: Anna Nagurney  

E-print Network

evolved over the centuries through advances in science and technology and come in a myriad of forms: roadNetworks: Contribution to the Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics Author: Anna Nagurney, accessibility, and usage. The topic of networks and network management dates to ancient times

Nagurney, Anna

293

LOCATION BASED CELL PHONE ACCESS TO THE WIKIPEDIA ENCYCLOPEDIA FOR M-LEARNING  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a new approach to access the content of the free Wikipedia on line encyclopedia with ordinary cell phones. No connection to the mobile Internet is required. Mobile users are able to request Wikipedia articles via SMS or via touch tone input in a voice menu. An audio representation of the requested articles will be generated in real

Andreas Bischoff

294

Parenthood in America: An Encyclopedia. Volumes 1 and 2. The American Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the view that insights from psychology, sociology, and medicine can enhance our understanding of the history of the family, this two-volume encyclopedia focuses on psychological aspects of the parent-child relationship, parenthood, and child development. Cultural, social, and historical matters and biological concepts are discussed when…

Balter, Lawrence, Ed.

295

W.E.B. Du Bois and the Encyclopedia Africana, 1909-63  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1901, W.E.B. Du Bois, the African American intellectual and activist, conceived the idea of an encyclopedia Africana. He envisioned a scientific and comprehensive work on Africa and peoples of African descent that would refute the Enlightenment notion of blacks as devoid of civilization and the hallmarks of humanity. Du Bois stood in a tradition of earlier black works seeking

Henry Louis Gates

2000-01-01

296

Effective Educational Programs: Meta-Findings from the Best Evidence Encyclopedia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the major series of reviews in elementary and secondary education is the Best Evidence Encyclopedia, or the BEE. Up to now, findings for systematic reviews have largely been restricted to the reviews themselves, with few cases in which lessons learned across many reviews using similar methods can be synthesized. The completion of the Best…

Slavin, Robert E.; Lake, Cynthia

2009-01-01

297

INDEX: Project for Information Electronic Retrieval in the Supplements of the Espasa Illustred Encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analisis of the documentary project Index for the recovery of the information contained in the 22 published supplements of magna Illustrated Universal Encyclopedia between 1924 and 1980. The result was the creation and development of the first electronic bank of contents of the Espasa publis- hing house, published in format index in 1983. Later the methodology was applied to the

Juan Miguel SÁNCHEZ

2004-01-01

298

Submitted to Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science Levels of analysis in neural modeling  

E-print Network

Submitted to Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science Levels of analysis in neural modeling Peter Dayan-rate models ÂŻ Summary 1 #12;Levels of analysis in neural modeling Abstract Neural systems are analyzed different, though partially overlapping, threads to this idea. One thread is the standard one of scientific

Dayan, Peter

299

Submitted to Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science Levels of analysis in neural modeling  

E-print Network

Submitted to Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science Levels of analysis in neural modeling Peter Dayan­and­fire models -- Firing­rate models #15; Summary 1 #12; Levels of analysis in neural modeling Abstract Neural because there are at least four different, though partially overlapping, threads to this idea. One thread

Dayan, Peter

300

"Treaties with American Indians: An Encyclopedia of Rights, Conflicts, and Sovereignty"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an overview of the three-volume reference set, "Treaties with American Indians: An Encyclopedia of Rights, Conflicts, and Sovereignty" published by ABC-CLIO. This reference work is edited by Donald Fixico, Arizona State University, and dedicated to the people of his tribes: (1) Shawnee; (2) Sac and Fox; (3) Seminole; and (4)…

Krueger, Karla

2009-01-01

301

Girlhood in America: An Encyclopedia. Volumes 1 and 2. The American Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Girls, who used to be second-class citizens, are now coming into their own. Still, girls' lives, their experiences, and their roles in the social, cultural, economic, and political history of the United States have been widely overlooked. This reference encyclopedia presents more than 100 signed articles by 98 high-profile interdisciplinary…

Forman-Brunell, Miriam, Ed.

302

Interactive Encyclopedia of North American Weeds, DVD v.4.0  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

An interactive DVD-ROM encyclopedia of North American weeds was developed that includes home pages for 685 weed species descriptions, over 3700 color photos, illustrated collar regions for grasses, distribution maps, habitat information, crops affected, ecological information, and hot-linked illustr...

303

ARTICLE doi:10.1038/nature11247 An integrated encyclopedia of DNA  

E-print Network

The ENCODE Project Consortium* The human genome encodes the blueprint of life, but the function of the vastARTICLE doi:10.1038/nature11247 An integrated encyclopedia of DNA elements in the human genome and genome, and is an expansive resource of functional annotations for biomedical research. The human genome

Lieb, Jason

304

Perceived credibility of Internet encyclopedias Ida Kubiszewski a,*, Thomas Noordewier b,c  

E-print Network

Institute for Ecological Economics, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA c School of Business information appearing in both Encyclopedia of Earth and Wikipedia is perceived as significantly less credible. They also show that the presence of a biased sponsor has a significant negative effect on perceived

Vermont, University of

305

http://www.jstor.org Shortcuts Versus Encyclopedias: Information and Voting Behavior in California Insurance  

E-print Network

http://www.jstor.org Shortcuts Versus Encyclopedias: Information and Voting Behavior in California archive only for your personal, non-commercial use. Please contact the publisher regarding any further use on the screen or printed page of such transmission. JSTOR is a not-for-profit organization founded in 1995

Edwards, Paul N.

306

Petroleum marketing monthly, September 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum product sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly.

Not Available

1994-09-01

307

Petroleum supply monthly: December 1993  

SciTech Connect

Data are presented which describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major U.S. geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States. Data are presented in two sections: Summary Statistics, presenting a time series of selected petroleum data on a U.S. level, and Detailed Statistics, presenting statistics for the most current month available as well as year to date.

Not Available

1993-12-01

308

78 FR 40131 - National Petroleum Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY National Petroleum Council AGENCY: Office of Fossil Energy...notice announces a meeting of the National Petroleum Council. The Federal Advisory Committee...Properly Brought Before the National Petroleum Council Adjournment Public...

2013-07-03

309

76 FR 53889 - National Petroleum Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY National Petroleum Council AGENCY: Department of Energy...notice announces a meeting of the National Petroleum Council. The Federal Advisory Committee...Properly Brought Before the National, Petroleum Council, Adjournment. Public...

2011-08-30

310

77 FR 42297 - National Petroleum Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY National Petroleum Council AGENCY: Department of Energy...notice announces a meeting of the National Petroleum Council. The Federal Advisory Committee...Properly Brought Before the National Petroleum Council Adjournment Public...

2012-07-18

311

Last call for comments. [Petroleum industry data dictionary  

SciTech Connect

This is the final installment of the Petroleum Industry Data Dictionary - an ambitious effort to standardize industry terms and definitions for use in electronic data exchange. The initial release is available on diskette. By publishing the PIDD in installments, we hope Geobyte readers will provide international input that will strengthen the development and eventual usefulness of the dictionary.

Milam, K.; Leonard, L.E.

1991-12-01

312

Petroleum supply monthly, March 1994  

SciTech Connect

Data presented in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics. The tables and figures in the Summary Statistics section of the PSM present a time series of selected petroleum data on a US level. Most time series include preliminary estimates for one month based on the Weekly Petroleum Supply Reporting System; statistics based on the most recent data from the Monthly Petroleum Supply Reporting System (MPSRS); and statistics published in prior issues of the PSM and PSA. The Detailed Statistics tables of the PSM present statistics for the most current month available as well as year-to-date. In most cases, the statistics are presented for several geographic areas -- the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia), five PAD Districts, and 12 Refining Districts. At the US and PAD District level, the total volume and the daily rate of activities are presented. The statistics are developed from monthly survey forms submitted by respondents to the EIA and from data provided from other sources.

Not Available

1994-03-30

313

Petroleum supply monthly, June 1993  

SciTech Connect

Data presented in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics. The tables and figures ih the Summary Statistics section of the PSM present a time series of selected petroleum data on a US level. Most time series include preliminary estimates for one month based on the Weekly Petroleum Supply Reporting System; statistics based on the most recent data from the Monthly Petroleum Supply Reporting System (MPSRS); and statistics published in prior issues of the PSM and PSA. The Detailed Statistics tables of the PSM present statistics for the most current month available as well as year-to-date. In most cases, the statistics are presented for several geographic areas - - the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia), five PAD Districts, and 12 Refining Districts. At the US and PAD District level, the total volume and the daily rate of activities are presented. The statistics are developed from monthly survey forms submitted by respondents to the EIA and from data provided firom other sources.

Not Available

1993-06-28

314

Future petroleum energy resources of the world  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Is the world running out of oil? Where will future oil and gas supplies come from? To help answer these questions, in 2000 the U.S. Geological Survey completed a new world assessment, exclusive of the United States, of the undiscovered conventional oil and gas resources and potential additions to reserves from field growth.2 One hundred and twenty-eight provinces were assessed in a 100 man-year effort from 1995-2000. The assessed provinces included 76 priority provinces containing 95% of the world's discovered oil and gas and an additional 52 "boutique" provinces, many of which may be highly prospective. Total Petroleum Systems (TPS) were identified and described for each of these provinces along with associated Assessment Units (AU) that are the basic units for assessing undiscovered petroleum. The assessment process coupled geologic analysis with a probabilistic methodology to estimate remaining potential. Within the 128 assessed provinces were 159 TPS and 274 AU. For these provinces, the endowment of recoverable oil-which includes cumulative production, remaining reserves, reserve growth, and undiscovered resources-is estimated at about 3 trillion barrels of oil (TBO). The natural gas endowment is estimated at 2.6 trillion barrels of oil equivalent (TBOE). Oil reserves are currently 1.1 TBO; world consumption is about .028 TBO per year. Natural gas reserves are about 0.8 TBOE; world consumption is about 0.014 TBOE per year. Thus, without any additional discoveries of oil, gas or natural gas liquids, we have about 2 TBOE of proved petroleum reserves. Of the oil and gas endowment of about 5.6 TBOE, we estimate that the world has consumed about 1 TBOE, or 18%, leaving about 82% of the endowment to be utilized or found. Half of the world's undiscovered potential is offshore. Arctic basins with about 25% of undiscovered petroleum resources make up the next great frontier. An additional 279 provinces contain some oil and gas and, if considered, would increase the oil and gas endowment estimates. Whereas petroleum resources in the world appear to be significant, certain countries such as the United States may run into import deficits, particularly oil imports from Mexico and natural gas from both Canada and Mexico. The new assessment has been used as the reference supply case in energy supply models by the International Energy Agency and the Energy Information Agency of the Department of Energy. Climate energy modeling groups such as those at Stanford University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and others have also used USGS estimates in global climate models. Many of these models using the USGS estimates converge on potential oil shortfalls in 2036-2040. However, recent articles using the USGS (2000) estimates suggest peaking of oil in 2020-2035 and peaking of non-OPEC (Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries) oil in 2015-2020. Such a short time framework places greater emphasis on a transition to increased use of natural gas; i.e., a methane economy. Natural gas in turn may experience similar supply concerns in the 2050-2060 time frame according to some authors. Coal resources are considerable and provide significant petroleum potential either by extracting natural gas from them, by directly converting them into petroleum products, or by utilizing them to generate electricity, thereby reducing natural gas and oil requirements by fuel substitution. Non-conventional oil and gas are quite common in petroleum provinces of the world and represent a significant resources yet to be fully studied and developed. Seventeen non-conventional AU including coal-bed methane, basin-center gas, continuous oil, and gas hydrate occurrences have been preliminarily identified for future assessment. Initial efforts to assess heavy oil deposits and other non-conventional oil and gas deposits also are under way.

Ahlbrandt, T.S.

2002-01-01

315

PETROLEUM ENGINEERING 2012-2014 CATALOG  

E-print Network

PETROLEUM ENGINEERING 2012-2014 CATALOG Suggested Arrangement of Courses for Eight-Semester Program ..............................................15 TOTAL ............................................15 PEN '12 `14 #12;PETROLEUM ENGINEERING

Texas at Austin, University of

316

The petroleum exponential (again)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. production and reserves of liquid and gaseous petroleum have declined since 1960, at least in the lower 48 states. This decline stems from decreased discovery rates, as predicted by M. King Hubbert in the mid-1950's. Hubbert's once unpopular views were based on statistical analysis of the production history of the petroleum industry, and now, even with inclusion of the statistical perturbation caused by the Prudhoe Bay-North Alaskan Slope discovery (the largest oil field ever found in the United States), it seems clear again that production is following the exponential curve to depletion of the resource—to the end of the ultimate yield of petroleum from wells in the United States.In a recent report, C. Hall and C. Cleveland of Cornell University show that large atypical discoveries, such as the Prudhoe Bay find, are but minor influences on what now appears to be the crucial intersection of two exponentials [Science, 211, 576-579, 1981]: the production-per-drilled-foot curve of Hubbert, which crosses zero production no later than the year 2005; the other, a curve that plots the energy cost of drilling and extraction with time; that is, the cost-time rate of how much oil is used to drill and extract oil from the ground. The intersection, if no other discoveries the size of the Prudhoe Bay field are made, could be as early as 1990, the end of the present decade. The inclusion of each Prudhoe-Bay-size find extends the year of intersection by only about 6 years. Beyond that point, more than one barrel of petroleum would be expended for each barrel extracted from the ground. The oil exploration-extraction and refining industry is currently the second most energy-intensive industry in the U.S., and the message seems clear. Either more efficient drilling and production techniques are discovered, or domestic production will cease well before the end of this century if the Hubbert analysis modified by Hall and Cleveland is correct.

Bell, Peter M.

317

Underground petroleum tanks  

SciTech Connect

This book presents the results of a survey of 46 state underground storage tank program officials. The survey covers: Whether petroleum tank insurance (mandated by the EPA) is available in each state and whether category 3 and 4 owners can obtain it; state programs that help owners meet the financial responsibility and/or technical requirements of such insurance; and lending institutions' attitudes towards providing loans to storage tank owners. A survey of the number and terms of insurance policies offered to tank owners is also presented.

Not Available

1990-07-01

318

Job Prospects for Petroleum Engineers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes petroleum engineering as one area in industry where job opportunities are few but where the worst of the declines has been seen. Discusses the causes of the decline. Lists several areas where petroleum engineers have found alternatives including environmental projects, water supply projects, and computer applications. (CW)

Basta, Nicholas

1988-01-01

319

Petroleum occurrences and plate tectonics  

SciTech Connect

This paper analyzes the mechanisms of petroleum formation and petroleum accumulation proposed in recent years by some Russian and foreign investigators from the viewpoint of the new global or plate tectonics. On the basis of discussion and the facts, the authors conclude that the mechanisms proposed are in contradiction to reality and their use in practical application is at least premature.

Olenin, V.B.; Sokolov, B.A.

1983-01-01

320

Petroleum: An energy profile, 1999  

SciTech Connect

This report prepared by the Energy Information Administration covers the following topics: petroleum production and end-use sectors; resources and reserves; exploration and production; LPG sources and processing; motor gasoline octane enhancement; constructing pipelines; the strategic petroleum reserve; imports and exports; marketing; district descriptions and maps; and refinery processes and facilities. 33 figs., 7 tabs.

NONE

1999-07-01

321

Indigenous Precambrian petroleum revisited  

SciTech Connect

Irrefutable evidence of fossil remains from Precambrian sediments and proved petroleum reserves in upper Proterozoic (Riphean-Vendian) strata of the Irkutsk basin, USSR, suggest that unmetamorphosed Precambrian sedimentary rocks should be a focus for hydrocarbon exploration. Since 1965, a dramatic increase in publications which document worldwide occurrences of Precambrian life forms discloses that, by the end of the Proterozoic, organic evolution had produced diversified assemblages of relatively highly developed macroorganisms and microorganisms. Some of these organisms have generated crude oil in the Nonesuch Shale of northern Michigan and kerogen in stromatolitic carbonate rocks in Africa Kerogen has been extracted from approx. 2300-m.y. old Transvaal (Africa) stromatolitic limestone containing coccoid and complex filamentous cyanophytes. Also, aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons have been obtained from the approx. 2800-m.y. old Bulawayan stromatolitic limestone of Rhodesia. Additional evidence indicates that commercial reserves of petroleum from Precambrian strata are possible. An oil discovery in Lower Cambrian rocks in 1962, at Markovo in the Irkutsk basin of the Siberian platform area, led to four noncommercial and eight commercial fields producing from Lower Cambrian and Upper Proterozoic strata.

Murray, G.E. (Texas Tech. Univ., Lubbock); Kaczor, M.J.; McArthur, R.E.

1980-10-01

322

The Encyclopedia of Systems Biology and OMICS (first presentation) and The ISA Infrastructure for Multi-omics Data (second presentation) (GSC8 Meeting)  

SciTech Connect

The Genomic Standards Consortium was formed in September 2005. It is an international, open-membership working body which promotes standardization in the description of genomes and the exchange and integration of genomic data. The 2009 meeting was an activity of a five-year funding "Research Coordination Network" from the National Science Foundation and was organized held at the DOE Joint Genome Institute with organizational support provided by the JGI and by the University of California - San Diego. Eugene Kolker from Seattle Children's Hospital briefly discusses "The Encyclopedia of Systems Biology and OMICS," followed by Susanna Sansone from the EBI on "The ISA Infrastructure for multi-omics data" at the Genomic Standards Consortium's 8th meeting at the DOE JGI in Walnut Creek, Calif. on Sept. 11, 2009.

Kolker, Eugene [Seattle Children's Hospital; Sansone, Susanna [EBI

2011-09-11

323

The Encyclopedia of Systems Biology and OMICS (first presentation) and The ISA Infrastructure for Multi-omics Data (second presentation) (GSC8 Meeting)  

ScienceCinema

The Genomic Standards Consortium was formed in September 2005. It is an international, open-membership working body which promotes standardization in the description of genomes and the exchange and integration of genomic data. The 2009 meeting was an activity of a five-year funding "Research Coordination Network" from the National Science Foundation and was organized held at the DOE Joint Genome Institute with organizational support provided by the JGI and by the University of California - San Diego. Eugene Kolker from Seattle Children's Hospital briefly discusses "The Encyclopedia of Systems Biology and OMICS," followed by Susanna Sansone from the EBI on "The ISA Infrastructure for multi-omics data" at the Genomic Standards Consortium's 8th meeting at the DOE JGI in Walnut Creek, Calif. on Sept. 11, 2009.

Kolker, Eugene [Seattle Children's Hospital]; Sansone, Susanna [EBI

2011-04-28

324

"U-X-L Encyclopedia of U. S. History" Hones Students' Subject Search and Indexing Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article features the "U-X-L Encyclopedia of U.S. History" by Sonia Benson, Daniel E. Brannen, Jr., and Rebecca Valentine is a new eight-volume set available in print or ebook (2009). The set has 1,745 pages and 677 entries ranging from just under one page to around eight pages in length. The ebook option may be accessed through Gale Virtual…

Krueger, Karla

2010-01-01

325

MURAX: a robust linguistic approach for question answering using an on-line encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Robust linguistic methods are applied to the task of answering closed-class questions using a corpus of natural language. The methods are illustrated in a broad domain: answering general-knowledge questions using an on-line encyclopedia.A closed-class question is a question stated in natural language, which assumes some definite answer typified by a noun phrase rather than a procedural answer. The methods hypothesize

Julian Kupiec

1993-01-01

326

Petroleum stream control system and method  

Microsoft Academic Search

A petroleum stream control method is described comprising the steps of: receiving a petroleum stream with valve means for dividing the petroleum stream into at least two petroleum substreams in accordance with a control signal, withdrawing a sample stream from each substream, irradiating each sample stream with microwave energy, receiving the microwave energies that have passed through the sample streams,

Marrelli

1993-01-01

327

A Guide to the Petroleum Abstracts  

E-print Network

Petroleum Abstracts A Guide to the Petroleum Abstracts Information Service Serving the Exploration Conferences Covered #12;Petroleum Abstracts . . . your global information partner. Statement of Purpose Petroleum Abstracts is an abstracting and indexing service conducted as a not-for-profit operation

Reynolds, Albert C.

328

MSc Integrated Petroleum Geoscience Programme Handbook  

E-print Network

MSc Integrated Petroleum Geoscience Programme Handbook 2013-14 edition #12;Page 2 Contents Preface 3 1.MSc Integrated Petroleum Geoscience ­ FAQ 4 1.1 Why should I do this programme? 4 1.2 What Integrated Petroleum Geoscience: 57F610B1 PgDip Integrated Petroleum Geoscience: 61F610VX PgCert Integrated

Levi, Ran

329

Cornell University's Online Aboveground Petroleum Tank  

E-print Network

Cornell University's Online Aboveground Petroleum Tank Inspection Program How To's Petroleum Bulk&S' Website: http://sp.ehs.cornell.edu/env/bulk-material-storage/petroleum-bulk-storage/Documents/Inspect_GD.pdf What is Cornell University's Online Aboveground Petroleum Tank Inspection Program? Cornell University

Pawlowski, Wojtek

330

AnnualReport2013 Department of Petroleum  

E-print Network

AnnualReport2013 Department of Petroleum Engineering and Applied Geophysics #12;Department of Petroleum Engineering and Applied Geophysics 2 Department of Petroleum Engineering and Applied Geophysics S for Arctic Petroleum Exploration (ARCEx). The center is located at the University of Tromsø, and our

Malinnikova, Eugenia

331

Characterization of crude petroleum by NIR  

Microsoft Academic Search

Petroleum is a product whose composition (quality) varies due to its natural origin and to transport and storage conditions. In Brazil in particular, crude petroleum comes from a variety of very different oil fields that produce predominantly heavy petroleum. This work proposes a methodology for the estimation of the SimDis (Simulated Distillation) properties of crude petroleum based on NIR (Near

F. S. Falla; C. Larini; G. A. C. Le Roux; F. H. Quina; L. F. L. Moro; C. A. O. Nascimento

2006-01-01

332

Tiger Team Assessment of the Naval Petroleum Reserves in California  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the Tiger Team Assessment of the Naval Petroleum Reserves in California (NPRC) which consists of Naval Petroleum Reserve Number 1 (NPR-1), referred to as the Elk Hills oil field and Naval Petroleum Reserve Number 2 (NPR-2), referred to as the Buena Vista oil field, each located near Bakersfield, California. The Tiger Team Assessment was conducted from November 12 to December 13, 1991, under the auspices of DOE`s Office of Special Projects (OSP) under the Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health (EH). The assessment was comprehensive, encompassing environmental, safety, and health (ES&H), and quality assurance (OA) disciplines; site remediation; facilities management; and waste management operations. Compliance with applicable Federal, State of California, and local regulations; applicable DOE Orders; best management practices; and internal NPRC requirements was assessed. In addition, an evaluation of the adequacy and effectiveness of DOE/NPRC, CUSA, and BPOI management of the ES&H/QA programs was conducted.

Not Available

1991-12-01

333

Tiger Team Assessment of the Naval Petroleum Reserves in California  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the Tiger Team Assessment of the Naval Petroleum Reserves in California (NPRC) which consists of Naval Petroleum Reserve Number 1 (NPR-1), referred to as the Elk Hills oil field and Naval Petroleum Reserve Number 2 (NPR-2), referred to as the Buena Vista oil field, each located near Bakersfield, California. The Tiger Team Assessment was conducted from November 12 to December 13, 1991, under the auspices of DOE's Office of Special Projects (OSP) under the Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health (EH). The assessment was comprehensive, encompassing environmental, safety, and health (ES H), and quality assurance (OA) disciplines; site remediation; facilities management; and waste management operations. Compliance with applicable Federal, State of California, and local regulations; applicable DOE Orders; best management practices; and internal NPRC requirements was assessed. In addition, an evaluation of the adequacy and effectiveness of DOE/NPRC, CUSA, and BPOI management of the ES H/QA programs was conducted.

Not Available

1991-12-01

334

Petroleum marketing monthly, October 1993  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase prices, the f.o b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1993-10-07

335

International energy annual 1995  

SciTech Connect

The International Energy Annual presents information and trends on world energy production and consumption for petroleum, natural gas, coal, and electricity. Production and consumption data are reported in standard units as well as British thermal units (Btu). Trade and reserves are shown for petroleum, natural gas, and coal. Data are provided on crude oil refining capacity and electricity installed capacity by type. Prices are included for selected crude oils and for refined petroleum products in selected countries. Population and Gross Domestic Product data are also provided.

NONE

1996-12-01

336

International overcommitment draws warning  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that after rushing to take advantage of new opportunities offered by governments around the world, the international petroleum industry may be overcommitted. Cooperation among countries and companies in the next 2 years will be required if a lot of grief is to be avoided, says an international petroleum financing consultant. To respond adequately to the cash crisis, industry must: reduce internal costs; reduce project costs; lay off project obligations; sell noncore assets; renegotiate license obligations; and slow down, scale down projects; and finance projects.

Not Available

1992-10-19

337

International energy annual 1996  

SciTech Connect

The International Energy Annual presents an overview of key international energy trends for production, consumption, imports, and exports of primary energy commodities in over 220 countries, dependencies, and areas of special sovereignty. Also included are population and gross domestic product data, as well as prices for crude oil and petroleum products in selected countries. Renewable energy reported in the International Energy Annual includes hydroelectric power, geothermal, solar, and wind electric power, biofuels energy for the US, and biofuels electric power for Brazil. New in the 1996 edition are estimates of carbon dioxide emissions from the consumption of petroleum and coal, and the consumption and flaring of natural gas. 72 tabs.

NONE

1998-02-01

338

Real time monitoring of petroleum leakage detection using etched fiber Bragg grating  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Detection of petroleum leakages in pipelines and storage tanks is a very important as it may lead to significant pollution of the environment, accidental hazards, and also it is a very important fuel resource. Petroleum leakage detection sensor based on fiber optics was fabricated by etching the fiber Bragg grating (FBG) to a region where the total internal reflection is affected. The experiment shows that the reflected Bragg's wavelength and intensity goes to zero when etched FBG is in air and recovers Bragg's wavelength and intensity when it is comes in contact with petroleum or any external fluid. This acts as high sensitive, fast response fluid optical switch in liquid level sensing, petroleum leakage detection etc. In this paper we present our results on using this technique in petroleum leakage detection.

Shivananju, B. N.; Kiran, M.; Nithin, S. P.; Vidya, M. J.; Hegde, G. M.; Asokan, S.

2013-06-01

339

Converting Petroleum Coke to Electricity  

E-print Network

. This paper presents the operating history of US based plants converting petroleum coke to electricity, and presents generic economics for the conversion process utilizing three primary technologies available: conventional pulverized coke combustion...

Pavone, A.

340

Coke from coal and petroleum  

SciTech Connect

A carbonaceous coke is manufactured by the delayed coking of a slurry mixture of from about 10 to about 30 weight percent of caking or non-caking coal and the remainder a petroleum resid blended at below 50* C.

Lopez, J.; Wynne, F.E.; Zaborowsky, E.J.

1981-03-31

341

Reducing Petroleum Consumption from Transportation  

E-print Network

The United States consumes more petroleum-based liquid fuel per capita than any other OECD high-income country—30 percent more than the second-highest country (Canada) and 40 percent more than the third-highest (Luxembourg). ...

Knittel, Christopher Roland

2012-01-01

342

Reducing Petroleum Consumption from Transportation  

E-print Network

The United States consumed more petroleum-based liquid fuel per capita than any other OECD- high-income country- 30 percent more than the second-highest country (Canada) and 40 percent more than the third-highest (Luxemburg). ...

Knittel, Christopher R.

2011-12-01

343

Polynuclear aromatic systems in petroleum  

SciTech Connect

Polynuclear aromatic systems occur naturally in a variety of forms but one source which is often not recognized is petroleum. The higher molecular weight fractions of petroleum have a higher degree of aromaticity than the lower molecular weight fractions. In fact, the fraction known as asphaltenes is believed to contain highly complex polynuclear aromatic systems (references). The object of this paper is to briefly review the evidence that has been produced for the occurrence of polynuclear aromatic systems in petroleum asphaltenes and the degree of condensation of the aromatic ring systems. New data are also presented which provide indications of the ring-size distribution in petroleum asphaltenes. The evidence is accumulated by asphaltene fractionation and subsequent examination of the fractions by high performance liquid chromatography using an ultraviolet detector.

Speight, J.G.

1986-09-01

344

Phytoremediation of petroleum polluted soil  

Microsoft Academic Search

An experimental study of the rhizosphere effect on phytoremediation of petroleum polluted soil was carried out with three\\u000a species of grasses, namely Pannicum, Eleusine indica (L.) Gaerth, and Tall Fescue. After a period of 150 days, this pot experiment\\u000a showed that the rhizosphere of these three species accelerated the degradation of petroleum hydrocarbons to different extents.\\u000a The results showed that

Jing Wang; Zhongzhi Zhang; Youming Su; Wei He; Feng He; Hongguang Song

2008-01-01

345

Biological Remediation of Petroleum Contaminants  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Large volumes of hazardous wastes are generated in the form of oily sludges and contaminated soils during crude oil transportation\\u000a and processing. Although many physical, chemical and biological treatment technologies are available for petroleum contaminants\\u000a petroleum contaminants in soil, biological methods have been considered the most cost-effective. Practical biological remediation\\u000a methods typically involve direct use of the microbes naturally occurring

Ramesh Chander Kuhad; Rishi Gupta

2009-01-01

346

21 CFR 178.3530 - Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-04-01 false Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic. 178.3530...Production Aids § 178.3530 Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic. Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic, may...

2012-04-01

347

21 CFR 178.3530 - Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-04-01 false Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic. 178.3530...Production Aids § 178.3530 Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic. Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic, may...

2011-04-01

348

21 CFR 178.3530 - Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-04-01 true Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic. 178.3530...Production Aids § 178.3530 Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic. Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic, may...

2010-04-01

349

21 CFR 178.3530 - Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-04-01 false Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic. 178.3530...Production Aids § 178.3530 Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic. Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic, may be...

2014-04-01

350

21 CFR 178.3530 - Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic. 178.3530...Production Aids § 178.3530 Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic. Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic, may...

2013-04-01

351

Radiometric dating/techniques The International Encyclopedia of Geography: People, the Earth,  

E-print Network

;ForReview Only Figure 2. Shaded relief map of southern Minnesota highlighting the Minnesota River core sites dated by Fisher (2003). LeS represents the approximate location of the LeSueur River which

Dorn, Ron

352

(Forthcoming, 2015). In J. D. Wright (Ed.), International encyclopedia of social and behavioral sciences, 2nd  

E-print Network

has been conducted. This chapter is concerned with how adolescent boys and girls present themselves-Maximilians-Universität Abstract This chapter is concerned with how teenage boys and girls present themselves through online social biological sex, and we use the terms boys and girls to refer to the normative mappings, albeit

Herring, Susan

353

Standard Cross-Cultural Sample International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, 2nd  

E-print Network

comparative historical study to use Murdock's Ethnographic Atlas codes in a regional study. The dual- authored database of coded variables on maximally diverse and ethnographically best-described societies used Ethnographic Atlas into 200 distinctive world cultural provinces (Murdock 1962­1967, 1968). White (1968) had

White, Douglas R.

354

International Student Guide www.swansea.ac.uk/international  

E-print Network

than most of the UK Total number of students: 15,000 Total number of International students: 2,000 #12International Student Guide Nigeria www.swansea.ac.uk/international #12;Academic Programmes Arts Nanotechnology l MSc Petroleum Engineering (subject to validation) l Product Design l Sports Science Environment

Martin, Ralph R.

355

Petroleum biodegradation in marine environments.  

PubMed

Petroleum-based products are the major source of energy for industry and daily life. Petroleum is also the raw material for many chemical products such as plastics, paints, and cosmetics. The transport of petroleum across the world is frequent, and the amounts of petroleum stocks in developed countries are enormous. Consequently, the potential for oil spills is significant, and research on the fate of petroleum in a marine environment is important to evaluate the environmental threat of oil spills, and to develop biotechnology to cope with them. Crude oil is constituted from thousands of components which are separated into saturates, aromatics, resins and asphaltenes. Upon discharge into the sea, crude oil is subjected to weathering, the process caused by the combined effects of physical, chemical and biological modification. Saturates, especially those of smaller molecular weight, are readily biodegraded in marine environments. Aromatics with one, two or three aromatic rings are also efficiently biodegraded; however, those with four or more aromatic ring are quite resistant to biodegradation. The asphaltene and resin fractions contain higher molecular weight compounds whose chemical structures have not yet been resolved. The biodegradability of these compounds is not yet known. It is known that the concentrations of available nitrogen and phosphorus in seawater limit the growth and activities of hydrocarbon-degrading microorganisms in a marine environment. In other words, the addition of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers to an oil-contaminated marine environment can stimulate the biodegradation of spilled oil. This notion was confirmed in the large-scale operation for bioremediation after the oil spill from the Exxon Valdez in Alaska. Many microorganisms capable of degrading petroleum components have been isolated. However, few of them seem to be important for petroleum biodegradation in natural environments. One group of bacteria belonging to the genus Alcanivorax does become predominant in an oil-contaminated marine environment, especially when nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers are added to stimulate the growth of endogenous microorganisms. PMID:10941786

Harayama, S; Kishira, H; Kasai, Y; Shutsubo, K

1999-08-01

356

This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the  

E-print Network

This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier.L. (2010) Development, Evolution and Behavior. In: Breed M.D. and Moore J., (eds.) Encyclopedia of Animal such considerations are important to the field of animal behavior ­ one is the important mecha- nistic links between

Mayfield, John

357

This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the  

E-print Network

This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience published by Elsevier.) Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, volume 10, pp. 331- 349. Oxford: Academic Press. #12;Visual System: Functional illustrated than by the paintings of Salvador Dali, the quintessential craftsman of depict- ing competing

Roe, Anna Wang

358

This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the  

E-print Network

This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience published by Elsevier, Poldrack R A and Wise S P (2009) Cognition: Basal Ganglia Role. In: Squire LR (ed.) Encyclopedia a series of behaviors. In addition to the pathways illustrated in Figure 1, larger circuits ­ often called

Aron, Adam

359

10/1/10 8:07 PMDesert Varnish : Encyclopedia of Geography Page 1 of 4http://www.sage-ereference.com/geography/Article_n276.html  

E-print Network

10/1/10 8:07 PMDesert Varnish : Encyclopedia of Geography Page 1 of 4http. The second photo illustrates just one rock varnish VML sequence from Death Valley, California, formed over the past 20,000 years. #12;10/1/10 8:07 PMDesert Varnish : Encyclopedia of Geography Page 2 of 4http

Dorn, Ron

360

This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the  

E-print Network

This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience published by Elsevier and Chukoskie L (2009) Target Selection for Pursuit and Saccades. In: Squire LR (ed.) Encyclopedia. There are two types of voluntary eye movements used by animals with foveal vision (illustrated in Figure 1

Krauzlis, Richard J.

361

This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the  

E-print Network

This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience published by Elsevier (2009) Attractor Network Models. In: Squire LR (ed.) Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, volume 1, pp. 667 to the same state. An example is illustrated in Figure 1, in which a neural network is described

Wang, Xiao-Jing

362

This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Virology, Volumes 15 published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for  

E-print Network

This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Virology, Volumes 1­5 published, Ochoa W F, Baker T S and Nibert M L. Partitiviruses: General Features. Encyclopedia of Virology, 5 vols of the genome of a partitivirus from the basidiomycete Rhizoctonia solani. Journal of General Virology 81: 549

Baker, Timothy S.

363

This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the  

E-print Network

such as long-distance migration or chemo- taxis, need only involve the moment-to-moment alignment of an animalThis article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier. (2010) Insect Navigation. In: Breed M.D. and Moore J., (eds.) Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, volume 2

Sussex, University of

364

The American Influenza Epidemic of 1918: A Digital Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Researchers and scholars looking at historical pandemics frequently study the communities that were strongly affected by these various occurrences. However, this fascinating digital archive from the Center for the History of Medicine at the University of Michigan Medical School looks at seven communities during the 1918-1920 influenza pandemic that experienced low rates of influenza during this period. Drawing on the expertise of a team of scholars, they decided to focus their efforts on places such as the San Francisco Naval Training Station and Bryn Mawr College. Visitors can click on any of the seven communities to read an extended essay about each location, and they can then look over dozens of primary sources from the period. These sources include internal planning reports, newspaper articles, and other items. Overall, this collection is a tremendous find, and is one that should serve as an inspiration to other institutions with similar interests.

365

Commercial assessment of petroleum systems  

SciTech Connect

One of the more difficult tasks facing an exploration team conducting a large regional prospectivity study is integrating the diverse data so that business decisions can be made. When is one Petroleum System more commercially attractive than another They may have different geological risks and field sizes, but also different development and fiscal conditions. BHP Petroleum has developed a technique which incorporates all of the above factors into a decision making criteria called the Value Index. To achieve this each Petroleum System requires subdivision into smaller, more commercially focused units. These are termed Play Fairways. Play Fairways are temporally and spatially distinct reservoir/seal packages. A number of these Play Fairways may exist within one Petroleum System. The Expected Value (EV) concept is widely established as a decision making tool for prospects but is inappropriate for evaluating a Play Fairway. The Value Index method applies the spirit of EV to the Play Fairway without the rigorous detail. The key factors in the Value Index calculation are: the probability that there will be at least one further discovery in the fairway, the estimated number of future discoveries, the discovery size distribution and the NPV versus reserves function. These are combined in a monte-carlo package to allow uncertainty in each parameter. The advantage of the Value Index over other criteria is it allows a comparison of fairways balancing both geological and commercial issues. BHP Petroleum has found this technique, used in conjunction with other criteria, extremely useful for ranking exploration focus areas in Australia.

Stickland, P.J. (BHP Petroleum Pty. Limited, Melbourne (Australia))

1996-01-01

366

31 CFR 542.529 - Policy on activities related to petroleum and petroleum products of Syrian origin for the benefit...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Policy on activities related to petroleum and petroleum products of Syrian origin for the benefit of the...Policy § 542.529 Policy on activities related to petroleum and petroleum products of Syrian origin for...

2014-07-01

367

31 CFR 542.209 - Prohibited transactions or dealings in or related to petroleum or petroleum products of Syrian...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Prohibited transactions or dealings in or related to petroleum or petroleum products of Syrian origin. 542.209 Section...Prohibited transactions or dealings in or related to petroleum or petroleum products of Syrian origin....

2014-07-01

368

31 CFR 576.206 - Protection granted to the Development Fund for Iraq, Iraqi Petroleum and Petroleum Products, and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Protection granted to the Development Fund for Iraq, Iraqi Petroleum and Petroleum Products, and the Central Bank of Iraq. 576...Protection granted to the Development Fund for Iraq, Iraqi Petroleum and Petroleum Products, and the Central Bank...

2014-07-01

369

31 CFR 576.206 - Protection granted to the Development Fund for Iraq, Iraqi Petroleum and Petroleum Products, and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Protection granted to the Development Fund for Iraq, Iraqi Petroleum and Petroleum Products, and the Central Bank of Iraq. 576...Protection granted to the Development Fund for Iraq, Iraqi Petroleum and Petroleum Products, and the Central Bank...

2013-07-01

370

31 CFR 576.206 - Protection granted to the Development Fund for Iraq, Iraqi Petroleum and Petroleum Products, and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Protection granted to the Development Fund for Iraq, Iraqi Petroleum and Petroleum Products, and the Central Bank of Iraq. 576...Protection granted to the Development Fund for Iraq, Iraqi Petroleum and Petroleum Products, and the Central Bank...

2011-07-01

371

31 CFR 576.206 - Protection granted to the Development Fund for Iraq, Iraqi Petroleum and Petroleum Products, and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Protection granted to the Development Fund for Iraq, Iraqi Petroleum and Petroleum Products, and the Central Bank of Iraq. 576...Protection granted to the Development Fund for Iraq, Iraqi Petroleum and Petroleum Products, and the Central Bank...

2012-07-01

372

Usage patterns of blue flower color representation by Encyclopedia of Life content providers  

PubMed Central

Abstract Encyclopedia of Life (EOL) is a resource for community-driven biodiversity data, focusing on species information and images. Research into blue flowers to compare color ('blueness') at different elevations revealed that data content providers describe flowers as blue for any color hue in the range from blue to magenta. We propose methods for standardizing color values and color searching within EOL by means of an expanded color vocabulary and improved access to image metadata, in order to improve the research capacity of this valuable resource. PMID:25197234

Wright, Chantal-Marie

2014-01-01

373

75 FR 48320 - National Petroleum Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY National Petroleum Council AGENCY: Department of Energy, Office of Fossil Energy...SUMMARY: This notice announces a meeting of the National Petroleum Council. The Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L....

2010-08-10

374

PETROLEUM ENGINEERING 2014-2016 CATALOG  

E-print Network

PETROLEUM ENGINEERING 2014-2016 CATALOG Suggested Arrangement of Courses for Eight-Semester Program ................3 M 427K, Advanced Calculus for Applications I .............4 PGE 427, Properties of Petroleum

Lightsey, Glenn

375

77 FR 2714 - National Petroleum Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY National Petroleum Council AGENCY: Office of Fossil Energy, Department of Energy...Administration, notice is hereby given that the National Petroleum Council has been renewed for a two-year period,...

2012-01-19

376

King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals  

E-print Network

King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Summer Training Report 2010 Abdul-Aziz Al ...........................................................................................13 #12;2 1. Introduction King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM) give an opportunity

Al-Ghadhban, Samir

377

Underground (UST) Inspection Petroleum Bulk Storage  

E-print Network

Underground (UST) Inspection Form Petroleum Bulk Storage Form Approved by: Barb English Last of this document is available electronically at EH&S' Website: http://sp.ehs.cornell.edu/env/bulk-material-storage/petroleum

Pawlowski, Wojtek

378

Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH): ToxFAQs  

MedlinePLUS

... groups of petroleum hydrocarbons that act alike in soil or water. These groups are called petroleum hydrocarbon ... fractions. Some TPH fractions will move into the soil where they may stay for a long time. ...

379

21 CFR 172.250 - Petroleum naphtha.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED) FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Coatings, Films and Related Substances § 172.250 Petroleum naphtha. Petroleum naphtha may be safely used in food in accordance...

2012-04-01

380

21 CFR 172.250 - Petroleum naphtha.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Coatings, Films and Related Substances § 172.250 Petroleum naphtha. Petroleum naphtha may be safely used in food in accordance...

2014-04-01

381

21 CFR 172.250 - Petroleum naphtha.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED) FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Coatings, Films and Related Substances § 172.250 Petroleum naphtha. Petroleum naphtha may be safely used in food in accordance...

2013-04-01

382

Biological Remediation of Petroleum Contaminants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Large volumes of hazardous wastes are generated in the form of oily sludges and contaminated soils during crude oil transportation and processing. Although many physical, chemical and biological treatment technologies are available for petroleum contaminants petroleum contaminants in soil, biological methods have been considered the most cost-effective. Practical biological remediation methods typically involve direct use of the microbes naturally occurring in the contaminated environment and/or cultured indigenous or modified microorganisms. Environmental and nutritional factors, including the properties of the soil, the chemical structure of the hydrocarbon(s), oxygen, water, nutrient availability, pH, temperature, and contaminant bioavailability, can significantly affect the rate and the extent of hydrocarbon biodegradation hydrocarbon biodegradation by microorganisms in contaminated soils. This chapter concisely discusses the major aspects of bioremediation of petroleum contaminants.

Kuhad, Ramesh Chander; Gupta, Rishi

383

Green Petroleum Refining -Mathematical Models for Optimizing Petroleum Refining Under Emission Constraints  

E-print Network

Green Petroleum Refining - Mathematical Models for Optimizing Petroleum Refining Under Emission understand that my thesis may be made electronically available to the public. #12;iii Abstract Petroleum and treating options for petroleum refinery waste streams. The performance of the developed model

Anderson, Charles H.

384

Petroleum supply annual 1995: Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The {ital Petroleum Supply Annual} contains information on supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. It reflects data collected from the petroleum industry during 1995 through monthly surveys, and it is divided into 2 volumes. This volume contains three sections: summary statistics, detailed statistics, and selected refinery statistics, each with final annual data. (The other volume contains final statistics for each month and replaces data previously published in the {ital Petroleum Supply Monthly}).

NONE

1996-05-01

385

The Second Colloquium on Petroleum Engineering Education  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes findings from the Second Colloquium on Petroleum engineering Education. The purpose of this colloquium was to provide a forum for petroleum engineering educators and representatives from industry and government to explore critical issues facing petroleum engineering education as we move into the 21st Century. It was expected that the colloquium would identify areas where changes are needed in petroleum engineering education, to best prepare students for careers in the oil and gas industry or other, related industries.

Willhite, G.P.; Forney, R.H.

1993-11-30

386

Total Petroleum Systems and Assessment Units (AU)  

E-print Network

Total Petroleum Systems (TPS) and Assessment Units (AU) Field type Surface water Groundwater X X X X X X X X AU 00000003 Oil/ Gas X X X X X X X X Total X X X X X X X Total Petroleum Systems (TPS) and Assessment Units (AU) Field type Total undiscovered petroleum (MMBO or BCFG) Water per oil

Torgersen, Christian

387

21 CFR 178.3710 - Petroleum wax.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Petroleum wax. 178.3710 Section 178.3710 Food and...Certain Adjuvants and Production Aids § 178.3710 Petroleum wax. Petroleum wax may be safely used as a component of...

2012-04-01

388

29 CFR 794.132 - “Petroleum products”.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...EXEMPTION FOR EMPLOYEES OF WHOLESALE OR BULK PETROLEUM DISTRIBUTORS UNDER SECTION 7(b...Other Bulk Distributors § 794.132 “Petroleum products”. A sale by an enterprise...the wholesale or bulk distribution of petroleum products will be included in the...

2014-07-01

389

Vegetable oils as a petroleum replacement  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The current dependence of the world economy on petroleum cannot be sustained in the long run. Petroleum is expected to be depleted in the foreseeable future. In addition, the use of petroleum causes carbon dioxide emissions leading to global warming. Renewable sources need to be explored. One of the...

390

29 CFR 794.132 - “Petroleum products”.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...EXEMPTION FOR EMPLOYEES OF WHOLESALE OR BULK PETROLEUM DISTRIBUTORS UNDER SECTION 7(b...Other Bulk Distributors § 794.132 “Petroleum products”. A sale by an enterprise...the wholesale or bulk distribution of petroleum products will be included in the...

2010-07-01

391

29 CFR 794.132 - “Petroleum products”.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...EXEMPTION FOR EMPLOYEES OF WHOLESALE OR BULK PETROLEUM DISTRIBUTORS UNDER SECTION 7(b...Other Bulk Distributors § 794.132 “Petroleum products”. A sale by an enterprise...the wholesale or bulk distribution of petroleum products will be included in the...

2011-07-01

392

21 CFR 178.3710 - Petroleum wax.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Petroleum wax. 178.3710 Section 178.3710 Food and...Certain Adjuvants and Production Aids § 178.3710 Petroleum wax. Petroleum wax may be safely used as a component of...

2014-04-01

393

21 CFR 178.3710 - Petroleum wax.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Petroleum wax. 178.3710 Section 178.3710 Food and...Certain Adjuvants and Production Aids § 178.3710 Petroleum wax. Petroleum wax may be safely used as a component of...

2013-04-01

394

Unit: Petroleum, Inspection Pack, National Trial Print.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a National Trial Print of a unit on petroleum developed for the Australian Science Education Project. The package contains the teacher's edition of the written material and a script for a film entitled "The Extraordinary Experience of Nicholas Nodwell" emphasizing the uses of petroleum and petroleum products in daily life and designed to…

Australian Science Education Project, Toorak, Victoria.

395

21 CFR 178.3710 - Petroleum wax.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Drugs 3 2010-04-01 2009-04-01 true Petroleum wax. 178.3710 Section 178.3710 Food and...Certain Adjuvants and Production Aids § 178.3710 Petroleum wax. Petroleum wax may be safely used as a component of...

2010-04-01

396

29 CFR 794.132 - “Petroleum products”.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...EXEMPTION FOR EMPLOYEES OF WHOLESALE OR BULK PETROLEUM DISTRIBUTORS UNDER SECTION 7(b...Other Bulk Distributors § 794.132 “Petroleum products”. A sale by an enterprise...the wholesale or bulk distribution of petroleum products will be included in the...

2012-07-01

397

29 CFR 794.132 - “Petroleum products”.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...EXEMPTION FOR EMPLOYEES OF WHOLESALE OR BULK PETROLEUM DISTRIBUTORS UNDER SECTION 7(b...Other Bulk Distributors § 794.132 “Petroleum products”. A sale by an enterprise...the wholesale or bulk distribution of petroleum products will be included in the...

2013-07-01

398

21 CFR 178.3710 - Petroleum wax.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Petroleum wax. 178.3710 Section 178.3710 Food and...Certain Adjuvants and Production Aids § 178.3710 Petroleum wax. Petroleum wax may be safely used as a component of...

2011-04-01

399

Solid phase bioremediation of petroleum contaminated soils  

Microsoft Academic Search

Solid phase bioremediation of petroleum contaminated soil involves aerobic biodegradation in an above grade treatment bed. This treatment technology is proposed for remediating soils contaminated by petroleum from leaking underground fuel storage tanks at various sites at the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant. The treatment technology uses bacteria to degrade the petroleum hydrocarbons. The environmentally safe end products of the biodegradation

1992-01-01

400

Biotechnology of petroleum pollutant biodegradation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Procedures designed to meet the physiological needs of petroleum hydrocarbon (PHC) degrading microorganisms are useful in mitigating environmental damage caused by marine and terrestrial PHC spills. By similar approaches, soil can be utilized as a cost-effective biological incinerator for hazardous PHC wastes. Physiological ecology needs to complement genetic engineering efforts for an effective attack on environmental pollution problems.

Richard Bartha

1986-01-01

401

Coke from coal and petroleum  

DOEpatents

A carbonaceous coke is manufactured by the delayed coking of a slurry mixture of from about 10 to about 30 weight percent of caking or non-caking coal and the remainder a petroleum resid blended at below 50.degree. C.

Wynne, Jr., Francis E. (Allison Park, PA); Lopez, Jaime (Pittsburgh, PA); Zaborowsky, Edward J. (Harwick, PA)

1981-01-01

402

Decision analysis for petroleum exploration  

Microsoft Academic Search

An introduction to the application of statistical decision analysis concepts to the analysis of risk and uncertainty in petroleum exploration investment decisions is provided in this book. Topics covered represent a composite of current attitudes and practices throughout the world for analyzing drilling prospects, as well as several new ideas and concepts not previously published. The first chapter summarizes decision

Paul D. Newendorp

1975-01-01

403

Petroleum geology of marine evaporites  

SciTech Connect

The conditions necessary for evaporite deposition are also important with respect to genesis of source beds for petroleum. In a restricted basin marked by large-scale salt successions, it is presumed that the basin proper is separated from the open sea either by structural or physiographic barriers. These barriers may elevate the effective wave base so that much of the basin is in the stagnant zone or in reducing environment, where sediments rich in organic matter may be deposited. Such shallow barriers increase the conditions favorable for the generation of petroleum. Since marine evaporitic basins are not ideally closed systems, but are subject to influxes and perhaps refluxes of sea water or brine, much petroleum associated with evaporites is generated from dissolved and particulate organic matter swept from the normal marine into the evaporitic environments. Only carbonates precipitate in the mesosaline part (4-12% salinity) of such evaporitic environments. They are of great significance in source rock origin. The huge reserves of petroleum in the Mesozoic of the Middle East, and many other areas including the Michigan, Paradox, and Delaware basins, owe their origin to the thick sequences of carbonates and evaporites of the mesosaline environments. Repeated cycles of oil and gas formation in the stratigraphic record are related to tectonic, climatic, or eustatic events or both, and to increasing sedimentary overburden.

Billo, S.M. (King Saud Univ., Riyadh (Saudi Arabia))

1994-08-01

404

PETROLEUM BIOREFINING FOR POLLUTION PREVENTION  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project was to isolate and characterize thermophilic bacterial cultures that can be used for the selective removal of nitrogen, sulfur, and/or metals in the biorefining of petroleum. The project was completed on schedule and no major difficulties were encountered. Significant progress was made on multiple topics relevant to the development of a petroleum biorefining process capable of operating at thermophilic temperatures. New cultures capable of selectively cleaving C-N or C-S bonds in molecules relevant to petroleum were obtained, and the genes encoding the enzymes for these unique biochemical reactions were cloned and sequenced. Genetic tools were developed that enable the use of Thermus thermophilus as a host to express any gene of interest, and information was obtained regarding the optimum conditions for the growth of T. thermophilus. The development of a practical biorefining process still requires further research and the future research needs identified in this project include the development of new enzymes and pathways for the selective cleavage of C-N or C-S bonds that have higher specific activities, increased substrate range, and are capable of functioning at thermophilic temperatures. Additionally, there is a need for process engineering research to determine the maximum yield of biomass and cloned gene products that can be obtained in fed-batch cultures using T. thermophilus, and to determine the best configuration for a process employing biocatalysts to treat petroleum.

John J. Kilbane II

2002-03-01

405

Online Search Aids Petroleum Abstracts  

E-print Network

to enter the words for the query. The center frame will display the list of terms resulting from the queryOnline Search Aids User Guide Petroleum Abstracts® A Division of The University of Tulsa July 1. A compilation of relevant E&P technical index terms and their relationships, covering the areas of geology

Reynolds, Albert C.

406

Allocation of energy use in petroleum refineries to petroleum products : implications for life-cycle energy use and emission inventory of petroleum transportation fuels.  

SciTech Connect

Studies to evaluate the energy and emission impacts of vehicle/fuel systems have to address allocation of the energy use and emissions associated with petroleum refineries to various petroleum products because refineries produce multiple products. The allocation is needed in evaluating energy and emission effects of individual transportation fuels. Allocation methods used so far for petroleum-based fuels (e.g., gasoline, diesel, and liquefied petroleum gas [LPG]) are based primarily on mass, energy content, or market value shares of individual fuels from a given refinery. The aggregate approach at the refinery level is unable to account for the energy use and emission differences associated with producing individual fuels at the next sub-level: individual refining processes within a refinery. The approach ignores the fact that different refinery products go through different processes within a refinery. Allocation at the subprocess level (i.e., the refining process level) instead of at the aggregate process level (i.e., the refinery level) is advocated by the International Standard Organization. In this study, we seek a means of allocating total refinery energy use among various refinery products at the level of individual refinery processes. We present a petroleum refinery-process-based approach to allocating energy use in a petroleum refinery to petroleum refinery products according to mass, energy content, and market value share of final and intermediate petroleum products as they flow through refining processes within a refinery. The results from this study reveal that product-specific energy use based on the refinery process-level allocation differs considerably from that based on the refinery-level allocation. We calculated well-to-pump total energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for gasoline, diesel, LPG, and naphtha with the refinery process-based allocation approach. For gasoline, the efficiency estimated from the refinery-level allocation underestimates gasoline energy use, relative to the process-level based gasoline efficiency. For diesel fuel, the well-to-pump energy use for the process-level allocations with the mass- and energy-content-based weighting factors is smaller than that predicted with the refinery-level allocations. However, the process-level allocation with the market-value-based weighting factors has results very close to those obtained by using the refinery-level allocations. For LPG, the refinery-level allocation significantly overestimates LPG energy use. For naphtha, the refinery-level allocation overestimates naphtha energy use. The GHG emission patterns for each of the fuels are similar to those of energy use.We presented a refining-process-level-based method that can be used to allocate energy use of individual refining processes to refinery products. The process-level-based method captures process-dependent characteristics of fuel production within a petroleum refinery. The method starts with the mass and energy flow chart of a refinery, tracks energy use by individual refining processes, and distributes energy use of a given refining process to products from the process. In allocating energy use to refinery products, the allocation method could rely on product mass, product energy contents, or product market values as weighting factors. While the mass- and energy-content-based allocation methods provide an engineering perspective of energy allocation within a refinery, the market-value-ased allocation method provides an economic perspective. The results from this study show that energy allocations at the aggregate refinery level and at the refining process level could make a difference in evaluating the energy use and emissions associated with individual petroleum products. Furthermore, for the refining-process-level allocation method, use of mass -- energy content- or market value share-based weighting factors could lead to different results for diesel fuels, LPG, and naphtha. We suggest that, when possible, energy use allocations should be made at the lowest subprocess level

Wang, M.; Lee, H.; Molburg, J.

2004-01-01

407

FRACTURED PETROLEUM RESERVOIRS  

SciTech Connect

The four chapters that are described in this report cover a variety of subjects that not only give insight into the understanding of multiphase flow in fractured porous media, but they provide also major contribution towards the understanding of flow processes with in-situ phase formation. In the following, a summary of all the chapters will be provided. Chapter I addresses issues related to water injection in water-wet fractured porous media. There are two parts in this chapter. Part I covers extensive set of measurements for water injection in water-wet fractured porous media. Both single matrix block and multiple matrix blocks tests are covered. There are two major findings from these experiments: (1) co-current imbibition can be more efficient than counter-current imbibition due to lower residual oil saturation and higher oil mobility, and (2) tight fractured porous media can be more efficient than a permeable porous media when subjected to water injection. These findings are directly related to the type of tests one can perform in the laboratory and to decide on the fate of water injection in fractured reservoirs. Part II of Chapter I presents modeling of water injection in water-wet fractured media by modifying the Buckley-Leverett Theory. A major element of the new model is the multiplication of the transfer flux by the fractured saturation with a power of 1/2. This simple model can account for both co-current and counter-current imbibition and computationally it is very efficient. It can be orders of magnitude faster than a conventional dual-porosity model. Part II also presents the results of water injection tests in very tight rocks of some 0.01 md permeability. Oil recovery from water imbibition tests from such at tight rock can be as high as 25 percent. Chapter II discusses solution gas-drive for cold production from heavy-oil reservoirs. The impetus for this work is the study of new gas phase formation from in-situ process which can be significantly different from that of gas displacement processes. The work is of experimental nature and clarifies several misconceptions in the literature. Based on experimental results, it is established that the main reason for high efficiency of solution gas drive from heavy oil reservoirs is due to low gas mobility. Chapter III presents the concept of the alteration of porous media wettability from liquid-wetting to intermediate gas-wetting. The idea is novel and has not been introduced in the petroleum literature before. There are significant implications from such as proposal. The most direct application of intermediate gas wetting is wettability alteration around the wellbore. Such an alteration can significantly improve well deliverability in gas condensate reservoirs where gas well deliverability decreases below dewpoint pressure. Part I of Chapter III studies the effect of gravity, viscous forces, interfacial tension, and wettability on the critical condensate saturation and relative permeability of gas condensate systems. A simple phenomenological network model is used for this study, The theoretical results reveal that wettability significantly affects both the critical gas saturation and gas relative permeability. Gas relative permeability may increase ten times as contact angle is altered from 0{sup o} (strongly liquid wet) to 85{sup o} (intermediate gas-wetting). The results from the theoretical study motivated the experimental investigation described in Part II. In Part II we demonstrate that the wettability of porous media can be altered from liquid-wetting to gas-wetting. This part describes our attempt to find appropriate chemicals for wettability alteration of various substrates including rock matrix. Chapter IV provides a comprehensive treatment of molecular, pressure, and thermal diffusion and convection in porous media Basic theoretical analysis is presented using irreversible thermodynamics.

Abbas Firoozabadi

1999-06-11

408

Recent Advances in Petroleum Microbiology  

PubMed Central

Recent advances in molecular biology have extended our understanding of the metabolic processes related to microbial transformation of petroleum hydrocarbons. The physiological responses of microorganisms to the presence of hydrocarbons, including cell surface alterations and adaptive mechanisms for uptake and efflux of these substrates, have been characterized. New molecular techniques have enhanced our ability to investigate the dynamics of microbial communities in petroleum-impacted ecosystems. By establishing conditions which maximize rates and extents of microbial growth, hydrocarbon access, and transformation, highly accelerated and bioreactor-based petroleum waste degradation processes have been implemented. Biofilters capable of removing and biodegrading volatile petroleum contaminants in air streams with short substrate-microbe contact times (<60 s) are being used effectively. Microbes are being injected into partially spent petroleum reservoirs to enhance oil recovery. However, these microbial processes have not exhibited consistent and effective performance, primarily because of our inability to control conditions in the subsurface environment. Microbes may be exploited to break stable oilfield emulsions to produce pipeline quality oil. There is interest in replacing physical oil desulfurization processes with biodesulfurization methods through promotion of selective sulfur removal without degradation of associated carbon moieties. However, since microbes require an environment containing some water, a two-phase oil-water system must be established to optimize contact between the microbes and the hydrocarbon, and such an emulsion is not easily created with viscous crude oil. This challenge may be circumvented by application of the technology to more refined gasoline and diesel substrates, where aqueous-hydrocarbon emulsions are more easily generated. Molecular approaches are being used to broaden the substrate specificity and increase the rates and extents of desulfurization. Bacterial processes are being commercialized for removal of H2S and sulfoxides from petrochemical waste streams. Microbes also have potential for use in removal of nitrogen from crude oil leading to reduced nitric oxide emissions provided that technical problems similar to those experienced in biodesulfurization can be solved. Enzymes are being exploited to produce added-value products from petroleum substrates, and bacterial biosensors are being used to analyze petroleum-contaminated environments. PMID:14665675

Van Hamme, Jonathan D.; Singh, Ajay; Ward, Owen P.

2003-01-01

409

Encyclopedia of Energy, Volume 1, pp 605616. Elsevier. 2004. Author nonexclusive, royalty-free copyright 1 Commercial Sector and  

E-print Network

Energy Efficiency 9. Future Energy Performance and Use Glossary annual total energy The sum of all energy used from all sources in a year. British thermal unit (Btu) Generically, the amount of energy or heatEncyclopedia of Energy, Volume 1, pp 605­616. Elsevier. 2004. Author nonexclusive, royalty

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

410

Brain 1 Walter J Freeman Introductory article on 'Brain' Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, Vol. 3, pp.30-32,  

E-print Network

Brain 1 Walter J Freeman Introductory article on 'Brain' Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, Vol Biology University of California, Berkeley CA 94720 TEL (510) 642-4220; FAX (510) 643-6791 Brain. The largest of these paired groups, the brain, is in the head where the nose, eyes and ears are located

Freeman, Walter J.

411

Encyclopedia of Minorities in American Politics. Volume 2: Hispanic Americans and Native Americans. The American Political Landscape Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last 30 years of U.S. political history have seen dramatic strides in the impact that minorities play in U.S. politics. This second volume of a two-volume set addresses the historical and contemporary impact of two of the largest minority groups in the United States. Divided into two sections, the encyclopedia addresses the political struggles…

Schultz, Jeffrey D., Ed.; Haynie, Kerry L., Ed.; McCulloch, Anne M., Ed.; Aoki, Andrew L., Ed.

412

IMAGE RECONSTRUCTION Encyclopedia of Optical Engineering, R. Barry Johnson and Ronald G. Driggers (eds.), Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, 2004  

E-print Network

- 1 - IMAGE RECONSTRUCTION Encyclopedia of Optical Engineering, R. Barry Johnson and Ronald G, digital image processing has made its way into today's technology and computer driven society. Its applications encompass a wide variety of specialized disciplines including medical imaging, machine vision

413

Encyclopedia of Minorities in American Politics. Volume 1: African Americans and Asian Americans. The American Political Landscape Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last 30 years of U.S. political history have seen dramatic strides in the impact that minorities play in U.S. politics. This first volume of a two-volume set addresses the historical and contemporary impact of two of the largest minority groups in the United States. Divided into two sections, the encyclopedia addresses the political struggles…

Schultz, Jeffrey D., Ed.; Haynie, Kerry L., Ed.; McCulloch, Anne M., Ed.; Aoki, Andrew L., Ed.

414

In press (2006). In: E. Trauth (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Gender and Information Technology. Hershey, PA: Information Science Publishing.  

E-print Network

In press (2006). In: E. Trauth (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Gender and Information Technology. Hershey technology (IT) careers (Bentson, 2000; Vegso, 2005). A reason often cited in the literature is the masculine culture of many computer science programs and IT workplaces, which is perceived by many women as alien

Herring, Susan

415

Kowalik, Z. 2005. Tides. In: Encyclopedia of the Arctic, M. Nuttall, Editor,Routledge, 2027-2029.  

E-print Network

Kowalik, Z. 2005. Tides. In: Encyclopedia of the Arctic, M. Nuttall, Editor,Routledge, 2027-2029. TIDES The tidal motion perpetually present in the Arctic Ocean influences the ice distribution heat exchange between the ocean and the atmosphere and the rate of the ice production. Tides are also

Kowalik, Zygmunt

416

Watkins, C. and Bock, J. 2007. Human-Chimpanzee Relationships: An Ethnoprimatological Perspective. In Bekoff, M. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Human-  

E-print Network

-163. Western culture frequently sees chimpanzees as intelligent creatures, capable of being trained, learningWatkins, C. and Bock, J. 2007. Human-Chimpanzee Relationships: An Ethnoprimatological Perspective. In Bekoff, M. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Human- Animal Relationships. New York: Greenwood Press. Pp. 156

Bock, John

417

To appear in `The Encyclopedia of Applied Animal Behaviour and Welfare' edited by D.Mills CABI Publishing .  

E-print Network

1 To appear in `The Encyclopedia of Applied Animal Behaviour and Welfare' edited by D.Mills CABI were the result of bad experimenter practice that disabled the subject from seeing the problem `in. This disparity between Thorndike's and Kohler's characterisations of animal intelligence provoked the philosopher

Indiana University

418

The Mysterious Case of the Detective as Child Hero: Sherlock Holmes, Encyclopedia Brown and Nancy Drew as Role Models?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the mystery genre, the one characteristic that the enduring figures of Sherlock Holmes, Nancy Drew, and Encyclopedia Brown have in common is a rational mind. The source of their strength is their ability to think and think well. A study examined some typical examples of the mystery genre in young adult literature and surveyed children and…

Sugarman, Sally

419

[Published in K. Jacobsen, H. Basu, Malinar A. & V. Narayan (eds.), Brill's Encyclopedia of Hinduism. Volume Five, Leiden, Brill  

E-print Network

of Hinduism. Volume Five, Leiden, Brill] To cite this article: Trouillet, Pierre-Yves, 2013, "France", in K. Jacobsen, H. Basu, Malinar A. & V. Narayan (eds.), Brill's Encyclopedia of Hinduism. Volume Five, Leiden the issue of the globalization of Hinduism through two topics: the worldwide migrations of Hindu populations

Boyer, Edmond

420

Petroleum Supply Monthly, September 1990. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

Data presented in this PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in Primary Supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. 12 figs., 46 tabs.

Whited, D.; Jacobus, P. (eds.)

1990-11-28

421

Petroleum supply monthly, October 1990. [Contains Glossary  

SciTech Connect

Data presented in this report describes the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in Primary Supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. 12 figs., 54 tabs.

Not Available

1990-12-27

422

Petroleum supply monthly, October 1991. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

Data presented in this report describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in Primary Supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importer, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data are divided into two sections (1) the Summary Statistics and (2) the Detailed Statistics 14 figs., 56 tabs.

Not Available

1991-10-30

423

Alaskan North Slope petroleum systems  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Six North Slope petroleum systems are identified, described, and mapped using oil-to-oil and oil-to-source rock correlations, pods of active source rock, and overburden rock packages. To map these systems, we assumed that: a) petroleum source rocks contain 3.2 wt. % organic carbon (TOC); b) immature oil-prone source rocks have hydrogen indices (HI) >300 (mg HC/gm TOC); c) the top and bottom of the petroleum (oil plus gas) window occur at vitrinite reflectance values of 0.6 and 1.0% Ro, respectively; and d) most hydrocarbons are expelled within the petroleum window. The six petroleum systems we have identified and mapped are: a) a southern system involving the Kuna-Lisburne source rock unit that was active during the Late Jurassic and Early Cretaceous; b) two western systems involving source rock in the Kingak-Blankenship, and GRZ-lower Torok source rock units that were active during the Albian; and c) three eastern systems involving the Shublik-Otuk, Hue Shale and Canning source rock units that were active during the Cenozoic. The GRZ-lower Torok in the west is correlative with the Hue Shale to the east. Four overburden rock packages controlled the time of expulsion and gross geometry of migration paths: a) a southern package of Early Cretaceous and older rocks structurally-thickened by early Brooks Range thrusting; b) a western package of Early Cretaceous rocks that filled the western part of the foreland basin; c) an eastern package of Late Cretaceous and Paleogene rocks that filled the eastern part of the foreland basin; and d) an offshore deltaic package of Neogene rocks deposited by the Colville, Canning, and Mackenzie rivers. This petroleum system poster is part of a series of Northern Alaska posters on modeling. The poster in this session by Saltus and Bird present gridded maps for the greater Northern Alaskan onshore and offshore that are used in the 3D modeling poster by Lampe and others. Posters on source rock units are by Keller and Bird as well as Peters and others. Sandstone and shale compaction properties used in sedimentary basin modeling are covered in a poster by Rowan and others. The results of this modeling exercise will be used in our next Northern Alaska oil and gas resource assessment.

Magoon, L.B.; Lillis, P.G.; Bird, K.J.; Lampe, C.; Peters, K.E.

2003-01-01

424

h t t p : / / w w w . n p s . e d u SCHOOL OF INTERNATIONAL GRADUATE STUDIES (SIGS)  

E-print Network

(Stanford: 2004); co-editor with Eric Croddy of the Encyclopedia of Weapons of Mass Destruction (ABC of The Absolute Weapon Revisited: Nuclear Arms and the Emerging International Order (Michigan University Press and their Doctrines for Using Chemical, Biological and Nuclear Weapons (Cornell University Press, 2000); co- editor

425

Using Microfossils in Petroleum Exploration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This overview of how microfossils are used in the exploration for oil uses both drawings and photomicrographs of microfossils to illustrate the types of fossils that are employed in the search for oil. There are also diagrams to indicate how the identification of the strata by microfossil content is then used to locate the petroleum. Active links and additional references are included for further study.

Brian O'Neill

426

Petroleum geology of western Antarctica  

SciTech Connect

Antarctica's geology is mostly obscured by thick, moving ice that covers 95% of the land and continental shelf. Reconnaissance investigations of outcrops, shallow boreholes, and geophysical surveys are limited and peripheral owing to ice coverage. However, it is possible to outline substantial elements of the regional geology. Further insight is gained by comparison to analogous sedimentary provinces, especially provinces once adjoined within the framework of the Gondwana supercontinent until middle Cretaceous. The petroleum potential of Antarctica, as in the case of the other related high-standing Gondwana continental fragments, is in Early Cretaceous rifts associated with the Gondwana breakup and with the Pacific convergence in the west Antarctica back arc. The Pacific-facing western Antarctica includes two structural provinces: (1) the Cretaceous and younger interior rift system on the east side of the Weddell and Ross Sea embayment, which contain aulacogens that form the boundary with East Antarctica and (2) the back-arc and fore-arc basins adjoining the Antarctica Peninsula and extending into Marie Byrd Land and the Bellingshausen Sea which are associated with the eastward convergence of the Pacific plate. The petroleum potential of the rifts may be assessed by analogies with related rifts of Australia, India, and South Africa; assessment of the convergent basins of western Antarctica depends upon analogy with similar basins of South America, New Zealand, and Indonesia. An estimate of the petroleum potential of western Antarctica generally is comparable with oil and gas occurrences (both in overall quantity and in field sizes) in the other Gondwana continental fragments. However, in view of the thict moving ice cover, the remote locale, and severe climate, petroleum production is largely beyond technology at this time and probably is economically unfeasible.

Kingston, J. (Geological Survey, Santa Barbara, CA (USA))

1990-05-01

427

Legal Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, provided by Nolo Press, a publisher of self-help law books and software, is a handy compendium of brief advice on fifteen topics, including small business, patent, copyright & trademark, legal research, wills & estate planning, and real estate. Content is composed of excerpted articles from Nolo books on the topics. Also provided are annotated lists of links related to each topic. While the purpose, of course, is to sell Nolo books and software, there is much useful content here.

428

Electrochemical Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains a compendium of 44 articles in electrochemistry. The articles cover a number of different topics including electrochemical capacitors, the electrochemistry of plant life, solid oxide fuel cells and electrolytic capacitors.

429

Chisinau (Encyclopedia)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A general overview of the History, Architecture, Culture and Actual state of the City of Chisinau has been given. Particularly, some part of the book illustrate former and actual Scientific Institutions,Universities and Colleges in the City. Another part gives short but comprehensive biographies of Scientists and Teaching Staff of Universities, borne, living or working in Chisinau during its 560-years History.

Colesnic, Yurie

430

A NATIONWIDE FIELD TEST OF PETROLEUM-CONTAMINATED SOILS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The TPH (total petroleum hydrocarbon) subgroup of the RTDF (Remediation Technologies Develop- ment Forum) Phytoremediation Action Team has initiated a collaborative trial to test the use of vegetation to enhance treatment of surface soils contaminated with weathered petroleum hydrocarbons. Collaborators include PERF (Petroleum Environmental Research Forum), USEPA, DOD, major petroleum and energy corpora- tions, environmental consultants, and university participants. Petroleum

P. A. Kulakow; L. Erickson

431

Proteopedia: Exciting Advances in the 3D Encyclopedia of Biomolecular Structure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Proteopedia is a collaborative, 3D web-encyclopedia of protein, nucleic acid and other structures. Proteopedia ( http://www.proteopedia.org ) presents 3D biomolecule structures in a broadly accessible manner to a diverse scientific audience through easy-to-use molecular visualization tools integrated into a wiki environment that anyone with a user account can edit. We describe recent advances in the web resource in the areas of content and software. In terms of content, we describe a large growth in user-added content as well as improvements in automatically-generated content for all PDB entry pages in the resource. In terms of software, we describe new features ranging from the capability to create pages hidden from public view to the capability to export pages for offline viewing. New software features also include an improved file-handling system and availability of biological assemblies of protein structures alongside their asymmetric units.

Prilusky, Jaime; Hodis, Eran; Sussman, Joel L.

432

Gray, W. D. (forthcoming). Errors in interactive behavior. In W. S. Bainbridge (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction: Berkshire Publishing Group.  

E-print Network

Gray, W. D. (forthcoming). Errors in interactive behavior. In W. S. Bainbridge (Ed.), Encyclopedia that goes back at least to William James, the most famous error taxonomies simply amass a large number

Gray, Wayne

433

In J.G. Webster (ed.), Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Wiley & Sons, vol. 18, pp. 396-405, 1999  

E-print Network

In J.G. Webster (ed.), Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Wiley & Sons. The dynamics of a relaxation oscillator is illustrated by the mechanical system of a seesaw in Figure 1. At one

Wang, DeLiang "Leon"

434

Building large collections of Chinese and English medical terms from semi-structured and encyclopedia websites.  

PubMed

To build large collections of medical terms from semi-structured information sources (e.g. tables, lists, etc.) and encyclopedia sites on the web. The terms are classified into the three semantic categories, Medical Problems, Medications, and Medical Tests, which were used in i2b2 challenge tasks. We developed two systems, one for Chinese and another for English terms. The two systems share the same methodology and use the same software with minimum language dependent parts. We produced large collections of terms by exploiting billions of semi-structured information sources and encyclopedia sites on the Web. The standard performance metric of recall (R) is extended to three different types of Recall to take the surface variability of terms into consideration. They are Surface Recall (R(S)), Object Recall (R(O)), and Surface Head recall (R(H)). We use two test sets for Chinese. For English, we use a collection of terms in the 2010 i2b2 text. Two collections of terms, one for English and the other for Chinese, have been created. The terms in these collections are classified as either of Medical Problems, Medications, or Medical Tests in the i2b2 challenge tasks. The English collection contains 49,249 (Problems), 89,591 (Medications) and 25,107 (Tests) terms, while the Chinese one contains 66,780 (Problems), 101,025 (Medications), and 15,032 (Tests) terms. The proposed method of constructing a large collection of medical terms is both efficient and effective, and, most of all, independent of language. The collections will be made publicly available. PMID:23874426

Xu, Yan; Wang, Yining; Sun, Jian-Tao; Zhang, Jianwen; Tsujii, Junichi; Chang, Eric

2013-01-01

435

World petroleum systems with Jurassic source rocks  

SciTech Connect

Fourteen petroleum systems with Upper Jurassic source rocks contain one quarter of the world's discovered oil and gas. Eleven other systems with Lower and Middle Jurassic source rocks presently have a minor but significant amount of discovered oil and gas. The purpose of this article is to review the systems geologically, describe their location in space and time on a continental scale, estimate their relative petroleum system recovery efficiencies, and outline the effect their essential elements and processes have on their petroleum plumbing.

Klemme, H.D. (Geo Basins Ltd., Bondville, VT (United States))

1993-11-08

436

Petroleum Coke: A Viable Fuel for Cogeneration  

E-print Network

in electric arc steel manufacturing. In fuel applications, petroleum cokes are sold as is-raw/gre.en-while in the carbon applications, an "added value" step of calcining is often necessary to increase the purity. Table 2 outlines a simple hierarchy... for the world market applications for petroleum cokes. TABLE 2 PETROLEUM COKE MARKET HIERARCHY ? United States Calciner Feedstock ? European Space Healing ? Japanese and European Steel and Coke ? Japanese Solid Industrial Fuel ? European Solid...

Dymond, R. E.

437

Strategic Petroleum Reserve annual/quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

During 1992 the Department continued planning activities for the expansion of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve to one billion barrels. A draft Environmental Impact Statement for the five candidate sites was completed in October 1992, and a series of public hearings was held during December 1992. Conceptual design engineering activities, life cycle cost estimates and geotechnical studies to support the technical requirements for an Strategic Petroleum Reserve Plan Amendment were essentially completed in December 1992. At the end of 1992, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil inventory was 574.7 million barrels and an additional 1.7 million barrels was in transit to the Reserve. During 1992 approximately 6.2 million barrels of crude oil were acquired for the Reserve. A Department of Energy Tiger Team Environmental, Safety and Health (ES&H) Assessment was conducted at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve from March 9 through April 10, 1992. In general, the Tiger Team found that Strategic Petroleum Reserve activities do not pose undue environmental, safety or health risks. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve`s Final Corrective Action Plan, prepared in response to the Tiger Team assessment, was submitted for Department approval in December 1992. On November 18, 1992, the Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy selected DynMcDennott Petroleum Operations Company to provide management and operating services for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve for a period of 5 years commencing April 1, 1993. DynMcDermott will succeed Boeing Petroleum Services, Inc.

Not Available

1993-02-16

438

Petroleum supply annual, 1997. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA) contains information on the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. The publication reflects data that were collected from the petroleum industry during 1997 through annual and monthly surveys. The PSA is divided into two volumes. This first volume contains three sections: Summary Statistics, Detailed Statistics, and Refinery Statistics; each with final annual data. The second volume contains final statistics for each month of 1997, and replaces data previously published in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM). The tables in Volumes 1 and 2 are similarly numbered to facilitate comparison between them. 16 figs., 48 tabs.

NONE

1998-06-01

439

Regulation of phase transitions in petroleum feedstocks  

SciTech Connect

The authors investigated the ability of a petroleum feedstock (system) to change in its dispersity when acted upon from within (by the introduction of a modifier) and from without (by changing the intensity of energy supply). As petroleum feedstocks they used atmospheric resids from an aromatic-base Tyumen' crude and from paraffinic/naphthenic-base Sangachaly-More crude; as modifiers they used extracts obtained in solvent treating lube stocks from these same crudes. The studies were performed by the equilibrium temperature method, these temperatures being determined while mixing samples of petroleum feedstock after thermostating, and also by a procedure in which the petroleum feedstock was heated under forced convection conditions.

Antoshkin, A.S.; Glagoleva, O.F.; Pigunov, B.V.

1987-05-01

440

Petroleum supply annual 1994. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA) contains information on the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. The publication reflects data that were collected from the petroleum industry during 1994 through annual and monthly surveys. The PSA is divided into two volumes. This first volume contains four sections: Summary Statistics, Detailed Statistics, Refinery Capacity, and Oxygenate Capacity each with final annual data. The second volume contains final statistics for each month of 1994, and replaces data previously published in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM). The tables in Volumes 1 and 2 are similarly numbered to facilitate comparison between them. Below is a description of each section in Volume 1 of the PSA.

NONE

1995-05-22

441

Petroleum resource potential GIS of northern Afghanistan  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The CD-ROM contains an ESRI ArcReader format GIS project presenting the results of a petroleum resource assessment of Northern Afghanistan, and other data used in the petroleum assessment. Geologic, structural, field, well, political, and other GIS layers covering Afghanistan, Northern Afghanistan and adjacent areas, along with associated geochemical and other data tables pertinent to a petroleum assessment are included. The purpose of this GIS is to provide the basic data layers and tables required to support the petroleum assessment, data for further exploration and development, and an index of known data.

Steinshouer, Douglas W.; Klett, Timothy R.; Ulmishek, Gregory F.; Wandrey, Craig J.; Wahl, Ronald R.; Hill, Ronald J.; Pribil, Michael J.; Pawlewicz, Mark J.; King, J. David; Agena, Warren F.; Taylor, David J.; Amirzada, Abdulla; Selab, Amir Mohammad; Mutteh, Abdul-Salam; Haidari, Ghulam Naqshband; Wardak, Moeengul Gullabudeen

2006-01-01

442

Chemical composition of high resin petroleum tar  

SciTech Connect

The data from physico-chemical methods (elemental analysis, IR, NMR spectroscopy, etc.) and integral structural analysis are used to calculate the average structural parameters and to determine structural-molecular models of compounds contained in commercial tar of West Siberian, Romashkino and Arlan petroleums. The high molar mass compounds of the petroleums examined were characterized by unique principles of structural-molecular organization of corresponding typical fragments, which include similar naphthene-aromatic condensed systems of five-to-six rings; the results explain the possibility of mutual transitions of high molar mass petroleum compounds as well as the katagenic transformations of petroleum during processing. 12 references, 8 tables.

Popov, O.G.; Posadov, I.A.; Rozental, D.A.; Kornilova, L.A.

1984-01-01

443

Petroleum supply annual 1993. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA) contains information on the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. The publication reflects data that were collected from the petroleum industry during 1993 through annual and monthly surveys. The PSA is divided into two volumes. This first volume contains four sections: Summary Statistics, Detailed Statistics, Refinery Capacity, and Oxygenate Capacity each with final annual data. The second volume contains final statistics for each month of 1993, and replaces data previously published in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM). The tables in Volumes 1 and 2 are similarly numbered to facilitate comparison between them. Below is a description of each section in Volume 1 of the PSA.

Not Available

1994-06-01

444

Apparatus for preventing freeze-up of a pressure regulator valve in a liquified petroleum fuel system  

Microsoft Academic Search

An apparatus is described for preventing freeze-up of a pressure regulator valve in a liquified petroleum fuel system by heating the valve and by heating liquified petroleum fuel, that is expanded to a gas, to a selected temperature in the range of approximately 80°F to 140°F comprising: a. an internal combustion engine for providing a source of heat; b. a

N. C. Calkins; G. E. Perrault

1987-01-01

445

48 CFR 908.7109 - Fuels and packaged petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Fuels and packaged petroleum products. 908.7109 Section 908...Items 908.7109 Fuels and packaged petroleum products. Acquisitions of fuel and packaged petroleum products by DOE offices shall be in...

2014-10-01

446

21 CFR 172.882 - Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons. 172.882 Section 172... § 172.882 Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons. Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons may be safely used in...

2011-04-01

447

46 CFR 105.05-2 - Prohibitions regarding petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Prohibitions regarding petroleum products. 105.05-2 Section...COMMERCIAL FISHING VESSELS DISPENSING PETROLEUM PRODUCTS Application § 105.05-2 Prohibitions regarding petroleum products. (a) Commercial...

2013-10-01

448

40 CFR 280.41 - Requirements for petroleum UST systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Requirements for petroleum UST systems. 280.41 Section 280...Detection § 280.41 Requirements for petroleum UST systems. Owners and operators of petroleum UST systems must provide release...

2014-07-01

449

30 CFR 57.4463 - Liquefied petroleum gas use underground.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Liquefied petroleum gas use underground. 57.4463 Section...Liquids and Gases § 57.4463 Liquefied petroleum gas use underground. Use of liquefied petroleum gases underground shall be limited to...

2011-07-01

450

49 CFR 393.69 - Liquefied petroleum gas systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Liquefied petroleum gas systems. 393.69 Section 393...Fuel Systems § 393.69 Liquefied petroleum gas systems. (a) A fuel system that uses liquefied petroleum gas as a fuel for the operation...

2011-10-01

451

49 CFR 393.69 - Liquefied petroleum gas systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Liquefied petroleum gas systems. 393.69 Section 393...Fuel Systems § 393.69 Liquefied petroleum gas systems. (a) A fuel system that uses liquefied petroleum gas as a fuel for the operation...

2010-10-01

452

21 CFR 573.740 - Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-04-01 false Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. 573.740 Section 573...Additive Listing § 573.740 Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons complying with §...

2012-04-01

453

40 CFR 52.1931 - Petroleum storage tank controls.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Petroleum storage tank controls. 52.1931...CONTINUED) Oklahoma § 52.1931 Petroleum storage tank controls. (a) Notwithstanding...the Oklahoma implementation plan, the petroleum storage tanks listed in...

2011-07-01

454

49 CFR 393.69 - Liquefied petroleum gas systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-10-01 false Liquefied petroleum gas systems. 393.69 Section 393...Fuel Systems § 393.69 Liquefied petroleum gas systems. (a) A fuel system that uses liquefied petroleum gas as a fuel for the operation...

2014-10-01

455

40 CFR 52.1931 - Petroleum storage tank controls.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Petroleum storage tank controls. 52.1931...CONTINUED) Oklahoma § 52.1931 Petroleum storage tank controls. (a) Notwithstanding...the Oklahoma implementation plan, the petroleum storage tanks listed in...

2013-07-01

456

46 CFR 105.05-2 - Prohibitions regarding petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Prohibitions regarding petroleum products. 105.05-2 Section...COMMERCIAL FISHING VESSELS DISPENSING PETROLEUM PRODUCTS Application § 105.05-2 Prohibitions regarding petroleum products. (a) Commercial...

2014-10-01

457

21 CFR 573.740 - Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-04-01 false Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. 573.740 Section 573...Additive Listing § 573.740 Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons complying with §...

2011-04-01

458

49 CFR 192.11 - Petroleum gas systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Petroleum gas systems. 192.11 Section 192...SAFETY STANDARDS General § 192.11 Petroleum gas systems. (a) Each plant that supplies petroleum gas by pipeline to a natural gas...

2011-10-01

459

48 CFR 908.7109 - Fuels and packaged petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Fuels and packaged petroleum products. 908.7109 Section 908...Items 908.7109 Fuels and packaged petroleum products. Acquisitions of fuel and packaged petroleum products by DOE offices shall be in...

2010-10-01

460

21 CFR 178.3650 - Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-04-01 false Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. 178.3650 Section 178...Production Aids § 178.3650 Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons may be safely used, as...

2011-04-01

461

21 CFR 178.3650 - Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-04-01 false Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. 178.3650 Section 178...Production Aids § 178.3650 Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons may be safely used, as...

2012-04-01

462

30 CFR 57.4463 - Liquefied petroleum gas use underground.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Liquefied petroleum gas use underground. 57.4463 Section...Liquids and Gases § 57.4463 Liquefied petroleum gas use underground. Use of liquefied petroleum gases underground shall be limited to...

2012-07-01

463

21 CFR 172.882 - Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons. 172.882 Section 172... § 172.882 Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons. Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons may be safely used in...

2012-04-01

464

48 CFR 908.7109 - Fuels and packaged petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Fuels and packaged petroleum products. 908.7109 Section 908...Items 908.7109 Fuels and packaged petroleum products. Acquisitions of fuel and packaged petroleum products by DOE offices shall be in...

2011-10-01

465

49 CFR 192.11 - Petroleum gas systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Petroleum gas systems. 192.11 Section 192...SAFETY STANDARDS General § 192.11 Petroleum gas systems. (a) Each plant that supplies petroleum gas by pipeline to a natural gas...

2014-10-01

466

21 CFR 172.882 - Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 true Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons. 172.882 Section 172... § 172.882 Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons. Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons may be safely used in...

2010-04-01

467

46 CFR 105.05-2 - Prohibitions regarding petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Prohibitions regarding petroleum products. 105.05-2 Section...COMMERCIAL FISHING VESSELS DISPENSING PETROLEUM PRODUCTS Application § 105.05-2 Prohibitions regarding petroleum products. (a) Commercial...

2011-10-01

468

40 CFR 280.41 - Requirements for petroleum UST systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Requirements for petroleum UST systems. 280.41 Section 280...Detection § 280.41 Requirements for petroleum UST systems. Owners and operators of petroleum UST systems must provide release...

2012-07-01

469

49 CFR 192.11 - Petroleum gas systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Petroleum gas systems. 192.11 Section 192...SAFETY STANDARDS General § 192.11 Petroleum gas systems. (a) Each plant that supplies petroleum gas by pipeline to a natural gas...

2013-10-01

470

21 CFR 573.740 - Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 false Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. 573.740 Section 573...Additive Listing § 573.740 Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons complying with §...

2010-04-01

471

48 CFR 908.7109 - Fuels and packaged petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Fuels and packaged petroleum products. 908.7109 Section 908...Items 908.7109 Fuels and packaged petroleum products. Acquisitions of fuel and packaged petroleum products by DOE offices shall be in...

2013-10-01

472

21 CFR 178.3720 - Petroleum wax, synthetic.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 2009-04-01 true Petroleum wax, synthetic. 178.3720 Section 178...Adjuvants and Production Aids § 178.3720 Petroleum wax, synthetic. Synthetic petroleum wax may be safely used in applications...

2010-04-01

473

40 CFR 52.1931 - Petroleum storage tank controls.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Petroleum storage tank controls. 52.1931...CONTINUED) Oklahoma § 52.1931 Petroleum storage tank controls. (a) Notwithstanding...the Oklahoma implementation plan, the petroleum storage tanks listed in...

2012-07-01

474

40 CFR 1065.720 - Liquefied petroleum gas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Liquefied petroleum gas. 1065.720 Section 1065.720...Standards § 1065.720 Liquefied petroleum gas. (a) Except as specified in paragraph (b) of this section, liquefied petroleum gas for testing must meet the...

2013-07-01

475

40 CFR 280.41 - Requirements for petroleum UST systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Requirements for petroleum UST systems. 280.41 Section 280...Detection § 280.41 Requirements for petroleum UST systems. Owners and operators of petroleum UST systems must provide release...

2011-07-01

476

30 CFR 57.4463 - Liquefied petroleum gas use underground.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Liquefied petroleum gas use underground. 57.4463 Section...Liquids and Gases § 57.4463 Liquefied petroleum gas use underground. Use of liquefied petroleum gases underground shall be limited to...

2010-07-01

477

30 CFR 57.4463 - Liquefied petroleum gas use underground.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Liquefied petroleum gas use underground. 57.4463 Section...Liquids and Gases § 57.4463 Liquefied petroleum gas use underground. Use of liquefied petroleum gases underground shall be limited to...

2013-07-01

478

48 CFR 908.7109 - Fuels and packaged petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Fuels and packaged petroleum products. 908.7109 Section 908...Items 908.7109 Fuels and packaged petroleum products. Acquisitions of fuel and packaged petroleum products by DOE offices shall be in...

2012-10-01

479

21 CFR 178.3720 - Petroleum wax, synthetic.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Petroleum wax, synthetic. 178.3720 Section 178...Adjuvants and Production Aids § 178.3720 Petroleum wax, synthetic. Synthetic petroleum wax may be safely used in applications...

2011-04-01

480

40 CFR 280.41 - Requirements for petroleum UST systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Requirements for petroleum UST systems. 280.41 Section 280...Detection § 280.41 Requirements for petroleum UST systems. Owners and operators of petroleum UST systems must provide release...

2013-07-01

481

21 CFR 172.882 - Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons. 172.882 Section 172... § 172.882 Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons. Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons may be safely used in...

2013-04-01

482

49 CFR 192.11 - Petroleum gas systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Petroleum gas systems. 192.11 Section 192...SAFETY STANDARDS General § 192.11 Petroleum gas systems. (a) Each plant that supplies petroleum gas by pipeline to a natural gas...

2010-10-01

483

40 CFR 52.1931 - Petroleum storage tank controls.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Petroleum storage tank controls. 52.1931...CONTINUED) Oklahoma § 52.1931 Petroleum storage tank controls. (a) Notwithstanding...the Oklahoma implementation plan, the petroleum storage tanks listed in...

2010-07-01

484

49 CFR 192.11 - Petroleum gas systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Petroleum gas systems. 192.11 Section 192...SAFETY STANDARDS General § 192.11 Petroleum gas systems. (a) Each plant that supplies petroleum gas by pipeline to a natural gas...

2012-10-01

485

40 CFR 1065.720 - Liquefied petroleum gas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Liquefied petroleum gas. 1065.720 Section 1065.720...Standards § 1065.720 Liquefied petroleum gas. (a) Except as specified in paragraph (b) of this section, liquefied petroleum gas for testing must meet the...

2011-07-01

486

46 CFR 105.05-2 - Prohibitions regarding petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Prohibitions regarding petroleum products. 105.05-2 Section...COMMERCIAL FISHING VESSELS DISPENSING PETROLEUM PRODUCTS Application § 105.05-2 Prohibitions regarding petroleum products. (a) Commercial...

2010-10-01

487

40 CFR 1065.720 - Liquefied petroleum gas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false Liquefied petroleum gas. 1065.720 Section 1065.720...Standards § 1065.720 Liquefied petroleum gas. (a) Except as specified in paragraph (b) of this section, liquefied petroleum gas for testing must meet the...

2012-07-01

488

21 CFR 573.740 - Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-04-01 false Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. 573.740 Section 573...Additive Listing § 573.740 Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons complying with §...

2014-04-01

489

40 CFR 1065.720 - Liquefied petroleum gas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-07-01 false Liquefied petroleum gas. 1065.720 Section 1065.720...Standards § 1065.720 Liquefied petroleum gas. (a) Except as specified in paragraph (b) of this section, liquefied petroleum gas for testing must meet the...

2014-07-01

490

21 CFR 172.882 - Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 false Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons. 172.882 Section 172... § 172.882 Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons. Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons may be safely used in...

2014-04-01

491

21 CFR 178.3650 - Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2009-04-01 true Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. 178.3650 Section 178...Production Aids § 178.3650 Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons may be safely used, as...

2010-04-01

492

46 CFR 105.05-2 - Prohibitions regarding petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Prohibitions regarding petroleum products. 105.05-2 Section...COMMERCIAL FISHING VESSELS DISPENSING PETROLEUM PRODUCTS Application § 105.05-2 Prohibitions regarding petroleum products. (a) Commercial...

2012-10-01

493

30 CFR 57.4463 - Liquefied petroleum gas use underground.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Liquefied petroleum gas use underground. 57.4463 Section...Liquids and Gases § 57.4463 Liquefied petroleum gas use underground. Use of liquefied petroleum gases underground shall be limited to...

2014-07-01

494

49 CFR 393.69 - Liquefied petroleum gas systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Liquefied petroleum gas systems. 393.69 Section 393...Fuel Systems § 393.69 Liquefied petroleum gas systems. (a) A fuel system that uses liquefied petroleum gas as a fuel for the operation...

2012-10-01

495

21 CFR 178.3650 - Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-04-01 false Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. 178.3650 Section 178...Production Aids § 178.3650 Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons may be safely used, as...

2014-04-01

496

21 CFR 178.3650 - Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. 178.3650 Section 178...Production Aids § 178.3650 Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons may be safely used, as...

2013-04-01

497

21 CFR 178.3720 - Petroleum wax, synthetic.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Petroleum wax, synthetic. 178.3720 Section 178...Adjuvants and Production Aids § 178.3720 Petroleum wax, synthetic. Synthetic petroleum wax may be safely used in applications...

2014-04-01

498

21 CFR 178.3720 - Petroleum wax, synthetic.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Petroleum wax, synthetic. 178.3720 Section 178...Adjuvants and Production Aids § 178.3720 Petroleum wax, synthetic. Synthetic petroleum wax may be safely used in applications...

2013-04-01

499

21 CFR 178.3720 - Petroleum wax, synthetic.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Petroleum wax, synthetic. 178.3720 Section 178...Adjuvants and Production Aids § 178.3720 Petroleum wax, synthetic. Synthetic petroleum wax may be safely used in applications...

2012-04-01

500

40 CFR 52.1931 - Petroleum storage tank controls.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Petroleum storage tank controls. 52.1931...CONTINUED) Oklahoma § 52.1931 Petroleum storage tank controls. (a) Notwithstanding...the Oklahoma implementation plan, the petroleum storage tanks listed in...

2014-07-01