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1

1985 international petroleum encyclopedia  

SciTech Connect

This encyclopedia contains a 141-page oil and gas atlas section. New to the 1985 edition are: special reports detailing busy times in Canada's offshore waters; a special report on heavy oil; the latest action in Alaska's North Slope operations; a special section on the conflict in the Persian Gulf, home of most of the world's production and reserves; a discussion of the many mergers in the industry; and a new country-by-country refinery survey.

Not Available

1985-01-01

2

Global change encyclopedia: A project for the International Space Year  

Microsoft Academic Search

``Global Change Encyclopedia'' is a project for the International Space Year in 1992. The project will produce a comprehensive set of satellite and other global data with relevance to studies of global change and of the Earth as a system. These data will be packaged on CD-ROMs, accompanied by appropriate software for access, display and manipulation. On behalf of the

J. Cihlar; R. Simard; M. Manore; R. Baker; D. Clark; J. Kineman; J. Allen; M. Ruzek

1991-01-01

3

Global change encyclopedia: A project for the International Space Year  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

``Global Change Encyclopedia'' is a project for the International Space Year in 1992. The project will produce a comprehensive set of satellite and other global data with relevance to studies of global change and of the Earth as a system. These data will be packaged on CD-ROMs, accompanied by appropriate software for access, display and manipulation. On behalf of the Canadian Space Agency, the project is being carried out by the Canada Centre for Remote Sensing, with the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration as major contributors. This paper highlights the background leading to the project, the concept and principal characteristics of the Encyclopedia itself, and the current status and plans.

Cihlar, J.; Simard, R.; Manore, M.; Baker, R.; Clark, D.; Kineman, J.; Allen, J.; Ruzek, M.

4

Global Change Encyclopedia - A project for the international space year  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

'Global Change Encyclopedia' is a project for the International Space Year in 1992. The project will produce a comprehensive set of satellite and other global data with relevance to studies of global change and of the earth as a system. These data will be packaged on CD-ROMs, accompanied by appropriate software for access, display and manipulation. On behalf of the Canadian Space Agency, the project is being carried out by the Canada Centre for Remote Sensing, with the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration as major contributors. This paper highlights the background leading to the project, the concept and principal characteristics of the Encyclopedia itself, and the current status and plans.

Cihlar, J.; Simard, R.; Manore, M.; Baker, R.; Clark, D.; Kineman, J.; Allen, J.; Ruzek, M.

1991-01-01

5

International Petroleum Monthly  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

International Petroleum Monthly is a publication from the Energy Information Administration. The October 1999 issue shows that the United States's demand for oil is the highest worldwide, averaging 16,988 thousand barrels a day. In contrast, Canada's demand is at 1,690 thousand barrels daily.

6

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report is a monthly publication that provides current international oil data. This report is published for the use of Members of Congress, Federal agencies, State agencies, industry, and the general public. Publication of this report is in keeping with responsibilities given the Energy Information Administration in Public Law 95-91. The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1985 through 1995.

NONE

1997-05-01

7

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report is a monthly publication that provides current international data. The report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent 12 months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1996; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1996; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996.

NONE

1997-07-01

8

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994.

NONE

1995-11-01

9

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994.

NONE

1995-07-27

10

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. Word oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1985 through 1995.

NONE

1996-10-01

11

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Edited by Edward N. Zalta, Consulting Associate Professor of Philosophy at Stanford, this site claims to be the first dynamic encyclopedia. Unlike standard reference works or CD-ROMS, each entry in the Stanford Encyclopedia is maintained and kept up to date by experts in the field. As a result, the entries and the Encyclopedia as a whole are responsive to new developments in the field. The Encyclopedia is still very much under development, with many topics awaiting an entry. However, regular users may track new additions via the What's New section. Additional resources include an internal search engine and an archive of the previous three editions of the Encyclopedia.

1999-01-01

12

Encyclopedias Today.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides brief company profiles and describes sales methods and electronic publishing ventures for six encyclopedia publishers: Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc.; World Book; Grolier; the P.F. Collier encyclopedia division of Macmillan Publishing; Funk & Wagnalls; and Standard Educational Corp. (MES)

Whiteley, Sandy

1992-01-01

13

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; stocks from 1973 through 1995, and trade from 1985 through 1995.

NONE

1996-12-01

14

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994.

NONE

1996-03-01

15

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

This monthly publication provides current international oil data. The Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the OECD. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries.

Not Available

1994-05-01

16

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

This document is a monthly publication that provides current international oil data. The Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the OECD. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand and trade in OECD countries.

Not Available

1994-12-01

17

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the OECD. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world, presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production, oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries.

Not Available

1994-06-01

18

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

This monthly publication provides international oil data for January 1998. The report presents data on oil production, demand, imports, and stocks in four sections. Section 1 containes time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. Section 4 containes annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries.

NONE

1998-01-01

19

International Petroleum Monthly. August 2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and...

2000-01-01

20

International Petroleum Monthly, July 2002.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and De...

2002-01-01

21

Electrochemistry Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online encyclopedia features articles describing many aspects of electrochemistry, the branch of chemistry dealing with reactions involving electrical currents and potentials. The articles are written by leading experts in the field, but in a popular-science style accessible to the non-expert. New articles are added at irregular intervals, and all articles are periodically updated as new developments occur. The collection is browseable by a table of contents, by author, or by subject. It may also be searched by keyword or a string of terms. The Encyclopedia links to the Electrochemistry Dictionary (http://electrochem.cwru.edu/ed/dict.htm) and to other online resources.

Edited by Zoltan Nagy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

22

Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 46th state, Oklahoma, presents its unusual history with the online version of The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. The Encyclopedia was prepared by over 500 "university-based scholars and independent historians and scholars," and was a joint effort by The Oklahoma Historical Society and Oklahoma State University Library Electronic Publishing Center. Visitors can click on the "Table of Contents" link near the bottom of the homepage to "Browse Entries Alphabetically", "Browse Entries Chronologically", or "Browse Entries by Subject". Browsing via chronology introduces visitors to Oklahoma starting with the "Precontact Era", through the "Westward Expansion" and on to "Twentieth Century to Present". Subject categories include "African Americans", "Farming", "Military", and "Petroleum". When searching, visitors will be taken to the Electronic Publishing Center Search Page, so they will need to choose the specific collection, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, from the drop down box, to confine the search to the Encyclopedia.

23

China's petroleum industry in the international context  

SciTech Connect

In recent years China has emerged as the world's sixth-largest oil producer and as Asia's largest oil exporter. As a result, attention has become increasingly focused on prospects for the rapidly growing petroleum industry. Although much of this attention has been directed towards foreign involvement in the development of offshore resources, the most dramatic changes have been taking place onshore, in the newly revitalized petroleum extraction and refining industries. This book takes a new look at China's position in the Asia-Pacific and international markets, defines the recent structural changes in these markets, and examines the impact of the Chinese industry on trade, pricing, and the regional refining industry. China's current energy policy is briefly discussed, followed by an examination of both the petroleum and refining industries, including a look at China's options for deriving the more valuable fuels from their heavy domestic oil.

Fesharaki, F.; Fridley, D.

1986-01-01

24

McGraw Hill encyclopedia of science and technology. An international reference work in fifteen volumes including an index  

SciTech Connect

This extensively revised and updated 5th Edition features contributions by 3000 distinguished experts - including 16 Nobel Prize winners - working with an international advisory board and 60 consulting editors. Thorough coverage is devoted to 75 separate disciplines in science and technology, from acoustics and biochemistry through fluid mechanics and geophysics to thermodynamics and vertebrate zoology. Detailed entries examine not only the physical and natural sciences, but also all engineering disciplines, discussing both the basic and the most recent theories, concepts, terminology, discoveries, materials, methods, and techniques. All of the new developments and technical advances that have occurred during the last five years - in each of the 75 disciplines - have been added to the encyclopedia and are explored in depth. Completely new material deals with such timely and newsworthy subjects as genetic engineering, artificial intelligence, nuclear medicine, desertification, psycholinguistics, industrial robots, and immunoassay. Also covered in extensive entries are such current topics as video disk recording, metallic glasses, acoustic levitation, magnetic bubble memory, gluons, and computerized tomography. The encyclopedia includes more than 15,000 photographs, drawings, maps, charts, and diagrams, shown in full-color, two-color, or black-and-white reproductions.

Not Available

1982-01-01

25

Encyclopedia Mythica  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Encompassing mythology, folklore, and legend, the Encyclopedia Mythica--a collaborative reference resource with over 150 contributors--contains more than 4400 definitions of mythical and legendary figures and almost 200 images. Users may search the entire work by keyword or browse by topic areas. The browseable index is available in both a frames and non-frames version. The unique Miscellanea section compliments the numerous entries on gods, creatures, and heroes with pronunciation guides, maps, genealogy tables, brief histories of ancient peoples, lists of deities and ancient feast days, and the linguistic origins for the names of days, months, and celestial bodies. Contributions to the encyclopedia are encouraged. All submissions are reviewed by editor Micha F. Lindemans.

26

International petroleum statistics report, March 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report is a monthly publication that provides current international oil data. This report is published for the use of Members of Congress, Federal agencies, State agencies, industry, and the general public. The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1996; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1996; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996.

NONE

1998-03-01

27

Burns Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provide by Burns Country, this full-text, online version of "the definitive Robert Burns reference volume" serves as a useful handbook to Scotland's most famous poet and the intellectual circles in which he turned. The encyclopedia, which is in HTML format, is organized alphabetically. Burns Country offers a number of other related resources, chief among them a songs and poems archive containing 100 of the poet's works. Other features at the site include a discussion area, Burns and Scottish association links, and some commercial content.

Lindsay, Maurice.

28

Research on Risk Evaluation of International Petroleum Engineering Services Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the rapid development of international petroleum engineering service market, it's unavoidable for Chinese petroleum enterprises to encounter kinds of risks when exploring overseas market, so it becomes important to require the risks evaluation of overseas market. Through risks recognition, considering five aspects including petroleum industry economy and legal environment, general social and political environment, marketing workload, client risk and

Peng Xianqiang; Ma Xin; Gu Weikang; Liu Lingli

2008-01-01

29

International petroleum statistics report, November 1993  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1992; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1992: and OECD trade from 1982 through 1992.

Not Available

1993-11-26

30

International petroleum statistics report, October 1997  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1996; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1996; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

NONE

1997-10-01

31

International petroleum statistics report, June 1993  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) . This section contains annual data beginning in 1980, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two clusters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade for the years 1970 through 1992; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1992; and OECD trade from 1982 through 1992.

Not Available

1993-06-28

32

International petroleum statistics report, September 1993  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1980, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1992; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1992; and OECD trade from 1982 through 1992. Data for the United States are developed by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) Office of Oil and Gas. Data for other countries are derived largely from published sources including International Energy Agency publications, the EIA International Energy Annual, and the trade press. (See sources after each section). All data are reviewed by the International Statistics Branch of EIA. All data have been converted to units of measurement familiar to the American public. Definitions of oil production and consumption are consistent with other EIA publications.

Not Available

1993-09-28

33

Encyclopedia Astronautica  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by Friends and Partners in Space and edited by Mark Wade, this site is a bit hard on the eyes, but it has few peers in terms of the sheer mountains of material it offers on spaceflight by all nations of the world. There is so much here that it is hard to decide where to begin. The main page offers a long list of highlights and new additions, most of them generously illustrated. The site may be browsed alphabetically, browsed by topic, or searched by keyword. In addition to the myriad encyclopedia entries, there are hundreds if not thousands of images, a lengthy collection of articles, a long list of references, statistics, and a spaceflight chronology. Again, the site would benefit from a reorganization and redesign, but anyone with a professional or personal interest in spaceflight will undoubtedly enjoy a visit.

34

Encyclopedia Mythica  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While the 2004 Athens Olympic Summer Games are now just a not-so-distant memory, the world's fascination with Greek mythology and the ancient world continues to reverberate with the public, scholars of antiquity, and other interested parties. To pique their interest, there is the lovely Encyclopedia Mythica which was founded and edited by Micha Lindemans. Here visitors can peruse areas devoted to mythology, folklore, bestiary, heroes, and take a look at some genealogy tables, which tend to be quite helpful. The featured items section is quite nice, as visitors can read the full text of a book on witchcraft, learn about the great Jewish philosopher Moses Maimonides, and read the 1898 edition of the Arabian Nights. The site has a number of other features, including a place for visitor feedback and a search feature. Rounding out the site are lists of feast days from the ancient world, along with a list of Roman deities and their Greek counterparts.

35

International petroleum statistics report, May 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics report is a monthly publication that provides current international oil data. It presents data on international production, demand, imports and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two year. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997, and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 fig., 48 tabs.

NONE

1998-05-01

36

International Petroleum Statistics Report, July 1994  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1993; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1993; and OECD trade from 1983 through 1993. Data for the United States are developed by the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) Office of Oil and Gas. Data for other countries are derived largely from published sources, including International Energy Agency publications, the EIA International Energy Annual, and the trade press. (See sources after each section.) All data are reviewed by the International Statistics Branch of EIA. All data have been converted to units of measurement familiar to the American public. Definitions of oil production and consumption are consistent with other EIA publications.

Not Available

1994-07-26

37

International petroleum statistics report, June 1997  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1996; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1996; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996. 46 tabs.

NONE

1997-06-01

38

International petroleum statistics report, October 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1998-10-01

39

International petroleum statistics report, December 1997  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. The balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1996; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1996; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1997-12-01

40

International petroleum statistics report, January 1999  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1999-01-01

41

International petroleum statistics report, August 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

NONE

1998-08-01

42

International petroleum statistics report, June 1999  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1990, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years and annually for the three years prior to that. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1998; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1998; and OECD trade from 1988 through 1998. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1999-06-01

43

International petroleum statistics report, September 1994  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (ECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1993; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1993; and OECD trade from 1983 through 1993.

Not Available

1994-09-01

44

International petroleum statistics report, September 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1998-09-01

45

International petroleum statistics report, November 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1998-11-01

46

International petroleum statistics report, May 1995  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1983 through 1993.

NONE

1995-05-30

47

International petroleum statistics report, December 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1998-12-01

48

International petroleum statistics report, September 1996  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1985 through 1995.

NONE

1996-09-27

49

International petroleum statistics report, March 1999  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1990, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years and annually for the three years prior to that. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarter data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

NONE

1999-03-01

50

International petroleum statistics report, April 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on International oil production, demand, imports and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1998-04-01

51

International petroleum statistics report, August 1994  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1993; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1993; and OECD trade from 1983 through 1993.

Not Available

1994-08-26

52

International petroleum statistics report, July 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1998-07-01

53

International petroleum statistics report, April 1997  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1985 through 1995. 4 figs., 47 tabs.

NONE

1997-04-01

54

International petroleum statistics report, February 1997  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1985 through 1995. 4 figs., 47 tabs.

NONE

1997-02-01

55

International petroleum statistics report, May 1999  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1990, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1998; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1998; and OECD trade from 1988 through 1998. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

NONE

1999-05-01

56

International petroleum statistics report, February 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1996; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1996; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

NONE

1998-02-01

57

International petroleum statistics report, August 1995  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994.

NONE

1995-08-25

58

International petroleum statistics report, March 1995  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data for March 1995 on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1993; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1993; and OECD trade from 1983 through 1993.

NONE

1995-03-30

59

Encyclopedia Reviews 1978  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews thirteen 1978 edition encyclopedias: Book of Art, Britannica Jr., Britannica 3, Childcraft, Collier's, Compton's. Encyclopedia Americana, Funk & Wagnalls, Merit Students, New Caton, Random House, New Standard, and World Book. (SB)

Minemier, Betty

1978-01-01

60

Encyclopedia of Physics, 2 Volumes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The editors of this Encyclopedia, earlier editions of which met with international acclaim, have now provided a fully revised, expanded and updated third edition of this comprehensive reference work. In two volumes, 500 experts -- among them several Nobel laureates and numerous other scientific award winners -- offer a comprehensive and topical account of physics and the physical world. The

Rita G. Lerner; George L. Trigg

2005-01-01

61

GEOSCOPE: An Interactive Global Change Encyclopedia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An interactive global change encyclopedia (GEOSCOPE), portraying the contribution that remote sensing from space can make to the monitoring of global environmental change on Earth, is being produced for the International Space Year (ISY) in 1992. The data...

R. Simard

1992-01-01

62

Encyclopedia of Planetary Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Containing more than 450 entries by some 200 eminent contributors from all over the world, the Encyclopedia of Planetary Sciences is the first book to present this information in an authoritative yet approachable way. This encyclopedia deals with the atmospheres, surfaces and interiors of the planets and moons, and with the interplanetary environment of plasma fields, as well as with

J. H. Shirley; R. W. Fairbridge

1997-01-01

63

Encyclopedia Roundup 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second annual encyclopedia summary updates the American Library Association's (ALA) evaluation of 10 sets and analyzes the deletions and additions made to each encyclopedia within the context of each publisher's revision plans. The board looked specifically for significant changes in purpose, arrangement, content style, general quality, and…

American Library Association, Chicago, IL.

64

Encyclopedia of energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Energy with its more than 300 articles written by specialists is designed to aid the student, librarian, scientist, engineer, teacher, and lay reader with information on any aspect of energy from the economic and political to the environmental and technological. The Encyclopedia is arranged in two parts. The first part, ''Energy Perspectives,'' has six feature articles:

Lapedes

1976-01-01

65

A prototype electronic encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a prototype electronic encyclopedia implemented on a powerful personal computer, in which user interface, media presentation, and knowledge representation techniques are applied to improving access to a knowledge resource. In itself, an electronic encyclopedia is an important information resource, but this work also illustrates the issues and approaches for many types of electronic information retrieval environments. In the

Stephen A. Weyer; Alan H. Borning

1985-01-01

66

Jewish Encyclopedia.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Standing as a testament to the wide ranging contributions of the Jewish people to world culture and history, this Web site contains the complete contents of the massive 12-volume Jewish Encyclopedia, originally published between 1901-1906 by the Funk & Wagnall's Company. Conceived and funded by the Kopelman Foundation, this compilation is the only free encyclopedia of Judaica available on the Internet. While the encyclopedia obviously does not include such topics as the creation of the state of Israel or the Holocaust, it is a rather fascinating collection that recalls an interesting period in scholarship, and is a helpful historical document. Visitors can browse by the encyclopedia by letter, along with viewing a transcription of each entry and any accompanying images included with each entry. Those who might be interested in helping compile an updated version of the encyclopedia are also invited to join the mailing list.

67

Energy data report: International Petroleum Annual, 1978  

SciTech Connect

This document contains information on the supply and demand of crude oil and refined products in the world. Production, imports, and exports are given for crude oil and refined products for the two most recent years available. Also given are stock changes in crude petroleum, domestic demand for refined products, and total refinery throughput or output. Information on imports, output, exports, and domestic demand are quantified for the current year for gasoline (aviation and motor), kerosene and jet fuel, distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, lubricants (including grease), and other refined products. World crude oil production and domestic demand are shown for each of the eleven most recent years. Information is shown for most of the world's countries, areas of the world (North America, Central America nd the Caribbean, South America, Western Europe, Middle East, Africa, and Asia), and their combined totals. Data for the Sino-Soviet area are included except for data concerning itemized refined products. This document also tabulates retail prices of motor gasoline (regular and premium), household kerosene, motor lubricating oil, distillate fuel oil, and bunker ''C'' fuel oil for selected cities in 56 major countries. Data are given in barrels per day and barrels where applicable. A narrative highlights the major developments for the two most recent years. 1 figure, 14 tables.

Not Available

1980-04-11

68

Encyclopedia of 1848 Revolutions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by Ohio University Professor Emeritus of History James Chastain, this online encyclopedia contains a large number of articles written by scholars from around the world on topics related to the "Springtime of the Peoples," the popular revolutions that spread across Europe in 1848. Users can browse the encyclopedia by alphabetical entry or by contributor, although the latter is not currently available. Typical entries contain one lengthy or several smaller paragraphs and a bibliography. The site also includes an introduction by Chastain which discusses the study of 1848 and the Encyclopedia's contents. Both scholars and students studying nineteenth-century Europe will find this site a handy reference resource.

Chastain, James.

69

The Canadian Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 2000, Historica, a Canadian foundation dedicated to the preservation of Canadian cultural heritage, posted the first online edition of The Canadian Encyclopedia, a massive one-volume reference to Canada authored by over 4,000 Canadians. This searchable edition features more than 10,000 articles written by a broad base of Canadians who are experts in their individual subjects. (An aggressive act of intellectual egalitarianism, the work employs far more authors than the much larger, but more editorially driven, Encyclopedia Britannica.) In addition to entries written in hypertext format with bibliographies, the encyclopedia offers interactive elements, such as statistical graphs, multimedia presentations of key historical events, quizzes and games, student guides, monthly topical features, and more. The encyclopedia is accessible in French and English and has a separate student's edition as well. Note: we did find some brief instances of printer code in the entries; it would appear that another edit of the online version would be beneficial.

2000-01-01

70

Price controls and international petroleum product prices  

SciTech Connect

The effects of Federal refined-product price controls upon the price of motor gasoline in the United States through 1977 are examined. A comparison of domestic and foreign gasoline prices is made, based on the prices of products actually moving in international trade. There is also an effort to ascribe US/foreign market price differentials to identifiable cost factors. Primary emphasis is on price comparisons at the wholesale level, although some retail comparisons are presented. The study also examines the extent to which product price controls are binding, and attempts to estimate what the price of motor gasoline would have been in the absence of controls. The time period under consideration is from 1969 through 1977, with primary focus on price relationships in 1970-1971 (just before US controls) and 1976-1977. The foreign-domestic comparisons are made with respect to four major US cities, namely, Boston, New York, New Orleans, and Los Angeles. 20 figures, 14 tables.

Deacon, R.T.; Mead, W.J.; Agarwal, V.B.

1980-02-01

71

Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Wikipedia is a free online, editable encyclopedia that "all Internet users can collaborate on by writing and submitting new articles or improving existing ones." The project, which claims to be "living proof that content and knowledge can also organize themselves," uses a wiki, i.e. software to allow users to revise content. The website encourages community participation by listing Open Tasks, such as copy-editing, merging, and peer reviewing needing to be done for particular entries. The texts and media presented on Wikipedia are available to the public "to process the content further and disseminate it." There are also wikipedias in 50 other languages, including one in Esperanto, the invented international language. Users must create an account to contribute to Wikipedia, but anyone can browse the entries by topic area or search on a specific term. Within each entry are links to related items and some of the more extended entries include a table of contents for ease of navigation. Other sections of the website let you view the most recent changes (within the past seven days) or browse entries related to current events.

72

International petroleum statistics report: April 1996  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994. 4 figs., 45 tabs.

NONE

1996-04-01

73

Encyclopedia of Physics, 2 Volumes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The editors of this Encyclopedia, earlier editions of which met with international acclaim, have now provided a fully revised, expanded and updated third edition of this comprehensive reference work. In two volumes, 500 experts -- among them several Nobel laureates and numerous other scientific award winners -- offer a comprehensive and topical account of physics and the physical world. The volumes comprise more than 500 articles, which have either been completely updated or are altogether new, covering the latest terminology and techniques in physics, including atomic trapping and cooling, biophotonics, econophysics, the formation of stars and planets, quantum communication, space science and technology, and traffic flow.

Lerner, Rita G.; Trigg, George L.

2005-12-01

74

Encyclopedia of Planetary Sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Containing more than 450 entries by some 200 eminent contributors from all over the world, the Encyclopedia of Planetary Sciences is the first book to present this information in an authoritative yet approachable way. This encyclopedia deals with the atmospheres, surfaces and interiors of the planets and moons, and with the interplanetary environment of plasma fields, as well as with asteroids and meteorites. Processes such as accretion, differentiation, thermal evolution and impact cratering form another category of entries. Remote sensing techniques employed in investigation and exploration, such as magnetometry, photometry, and spectroscopy are described in separate articles. In addition the Encyclopedia chronicles the history of planetary science, including biographies of pioneering scientists, and detailed descriptions of all major lunar and planetary missions and programs. The Encyclopedia of Planetary Sciences is superbly illustrated throughout with over 450 line drawings, 180 black and white photographs, and 63 colour illustrations. It will be a key reference source for planetary scientists, astronomers, and workers in related disciplines such as geophysics, geology and the atmospheric sciences. Included in this book is a PC and Mac compatible CD-ROM containing over 200 relevant planetary and related images available from NASA. This CD-ROM has been specially compiled for the Encyclopedia by The United States National Space Science Data Center.

Shirley, J. H.; Fairbridge, R. W.

1997-09-01

75

Encyclopedia as Textbook  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Textbooks and encyclopedias represent different genres of scientific literature. Textbooks help the students to prepare for their examinations in various subjects taught at schools, such as logic, metaphysic, chemistry. In the 17th Century some Calvinist professors, mostly in Germany, thought that a universal wholeness should be taught for the students. Encyclopedias adequately expressed this vision. Some of these professors, including Johannes Alsted, were invited to Hungary, Transylvania, to introduce the encyclopedic spirit to the local schools. This act fostered the first textbook in Hungarian language written by János Apáczai Csere. This book was an encyclopedia born mostly in the Netherlands where the author studied. The Cartesian philosophy combined with a Ramist system served as the basis of the book. Its history shows how the local conditions influence the content of knowledge incorporated into a textbook.

Palló, Gábor

2006-11-01

76

Encyclopedia of Indianapolis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the past few decades, a number of large American cities have embarked on ambitious encyclopedia projects to document their history, culture, and geography. Indianapolis was one such city, and this impressive 1,600-page encyclopedia was published in 1994. Today, a digitized version resides on this Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis website, where it offers a wonderful way to learn about Indiana's largest city. Visitors can search the encyclopedia at their leisure, while the viewer makes it quite simple to print out selected pages and to zoom in and out on each page. The volume has a dozen overview essays covering broadcasting, African-Americans, cultural institutions, education, and journalism. Anyone with an interest in urban history and all things Hoosier will find this work to be tremendously valuable.

77

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review compares "Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry" with the "Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology," two prominent encyclopedias of chemical technology and industry. Cost, quantity of information, organization, illustrations, authorship, abbreviations, online availability, and content of articles are discussed. (MES)

Chadwick, Sharon S.

1988-01-01

78

The ENCODE (ENCyclopedia Of DNA Elements) Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ENCyclopedia Of DNA Elements (ENCODE) Project aims to identify all functional elements in the human genome sequence. The pilot phase of the Project is focused on a specified 30 megabases (~1%) of the human genome sequence and is organized as an international consortium of computational and laboratory-based scientists working to develop and apply high-throughput approaches for detecting all sequence

2004-01-01

79

Encyclopedia of Birth Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This encyclopedia brings together in more than 200 entries, arranged in A-to-Z format, a portrait of the complex modern issue that birth control has become with advances in medicine and biochemistry during the 20th century. It is aimed at both the student and the consumer of birth control. Entries cover the following topics: birth control…

Rengel, Marian

80

The Microsoft Multimedia Encyclopedia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A multimedia encyclopedia (MME) demonstration disk has been developed by the Microsoft Corporation, which contains five-page articles on 12 subjects. Each article contains text, images, audio, and in some cases, animation and full motion digital images. Each MME article is constructed as a network of linked text, image, and sound files. With mouse…

Ropiequet, Suzanne

1986-01-01

81

Encyclopedia of Education, 1980.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ten articles, taken from the "Encyclopedia Yearbook of China, 1980," provide a comprehensive survey of Chinese education in the post-Mao era. Topics discussed include educational administration; preschool, elementary, secondary, and higher education; technical schools; special education; physical education; education for the workers; teacher…

Chinese Education, 1981

1981-01-01

82

Encyclopedia as Textbook  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Textbooks and encyclopedias represent different genres of scientific literature. Textbooks help the students to prepare for their examinations in various subjects taught at schools, such as logic, metaphysic, chemistry. In the 17th Century some Calvinist professors, mostly in Germany, thought that a universal wholeness should be taught for the…

Pallo, Gabor

2006-01-01

83

The encyclopedia of life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comparative biology, crossing the digital divide, has begun a still largely unheralded revolution: the exploration and analysis of biodiversity at a vastly accelerated pace. Its momentum will return systematics from its long sojourn at the margin and back into the mainstream of science. Its principal achievement will be a single-portal electronic encyclopedia of life.

Edward O. Wilson

2003-01-01

84

Encyclopedia of Terrorism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As recent terrorist attacks on the United States, such as the Oklahoma City (Oklahoma) bombing, and the ongoing conflicts in the Middle East have shown, terrorism is an unfortunate reality that can have potentially devastating effects on governments, businesses, and individuals. This encyclopedia provides students, researchers, journalists, and…

Combs, Cindy C.; Slann, Martin

85

New Media Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online reference work is a scholarly research tool for the study of new media and related artistic practices. The New Media Encyclopedia, now in the first of two phases, consists of four primary sections: Glossary, Chronological Landmarks, General Bibliography, and Artists & Works. The Artists & Works section is the core of the site, containing brief biographies of new media artists and critical descriptions of their works, which users may view with a RealPlayer or QuickTime plug-in. The section currently covers 43 artists and 233 of their works. By the end of the project's second phase, scheduled for late 1999, it will include over 100 artists and 500 works garnered from the collections of the project's three collaborators: the Centre Georges Pompidou, the Museum Ludwig, and the Centre pour l'Image Contemporaine. Users should note that since the project is still in its initial phase, some portions of the encyclopedia may be under development.

86

The Encyclopedia of Suns  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Suns! Many people are interested in astronomical research that touches on the relationship between astronomy and biology, or at least the possibility of biology on planets other than Earth. The popularity of research efforts such as the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) and extrasolar planet discovery, especially among the public, shows how strong a hold these ideas have. Currently, the Encyclopedia of Suns contains over 100 stars within 50 light years (15.3 parsecs) from the Sun. It contains all stars within that distance that meet specific criteria for being plausible locations for Earthlike planets. It also has some stars outside the 50 light year limit: those that are not only Sunlike, but which also have one or more planets orbiting them.

Nash, David

2009-05-22

87

The Astronomy Encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

With more than 3,000 alphabetically arranged entries and 500 stunning color and black-and-white photographs, star maps, and diagrams, The Astronomy Encyclopedia covers everything that the general enthusiast--and the more serious researcher--would want to know about planets, stars, galaxies, and our universe. Here is concise, reliable information on the whole field of astronomy, ranging from adaptive optics and cold dark matter,

Patrick Moore

2002-01-01

88

Electrochemistry Dictionary and Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This dictionary, accompanied by the online Electrochemistry Encyclopedia (http://electrochem.cwru.edu/ed/encycl), provides brief definitions of words and phrases used often in electrochemistry, the branch of chemistry dealing with reactions involving electrical current or potential. For some terms, a second paragraph provides additional, more technically oriented information. Entries are organized in alphabetical order. The online encyclopedia features articles describing many aspects of electrochemistry, the branch of chemistry dealing with reactions involving electrical currents and potentials. The articles are written by leading experts in the field, but in a popular-science style accessible to the non-expert. New articles are added at irregular intervals, and all articles are periodically updated as new developments occur. The collection is browseable by a table of contents, by author, or by subject. It may also be searched by keyword or a string of terms. The Encyclopedia links to the Electrochemistry Dictionary (http://electrochem.cwru.edu/ed/dict.htm) and to other online resources.

Edited by Zoltan Nagy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

89

The Astronomy Encyclopedia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With more than 3,000 alphabetically arranged entries and 500 stunning color and black-and-white photographs, star maps, and diagrams, The Astronomy Encyclopedia covers everything that the general enthusiast--and the more serious researcher--would want to know about planets, stars, galaxies, and our universe. Here is concise, reliable information on the whole field of astronomy, ranging from adaptive optics and cold dark matter, to Islamic astronomy and the lens defect known as vignetting. It includes a host of major articles on the cornerstones of astronomical investigation, such as the Milky Way, the sun and the planets, optical and radio telescopes, stars, black holes, astrophysics, observatories, astronomical photography, space programs, the constellations, and famous astronomers. And there are concise entries on planetary features and satellites, asteroids, observational techniques, comets, satellite launchers, meteors, and subjects as diverse as life in the Universe and the structure of meteorites. Scores of tables list the brightest stars in the major constellations, annual meteor showers, major variable stars, dwarf stars, energy production processes in the Sun, and other relevant data. More than 100 astronomers from leading universities and observatories around the world, each an expert in their own particular field, wrote and reviewed the entries to ensure their authority. Readers can thus be assured that the Encyclopedia provides the most up-to-date and reliable information available. Under the general editorship of Patrick Moore, one of the world's best-known and most trusted voices on astronomy, The Astronomy Encyclopedia is an authoritative and strikingly attractive roadmap for exploring the last great frontier of the world in which we live.

Moore, Patrick

2002-11-01

90

The Transcription Factor Encyclopedia  

PubMed Central

Here we present the Transcription Factor Encyclopedia (TFe), a new web-based compendium of mini review articles on transcription factors (TFs) that is founded on the principles of open access and collaboration. Our consortium of over 100 researchers has collectively contributed over 130 mini review articles on pertinent human, mouse and rat TFs. Notable features of the TFe website include a high-quality PDF generator and web API for programmatic data retrieval. TFe aims to rapidly educate scientists about the TFs they encounter through the delivery of succinct summaries written and vetted by experts in the field. TFe is available at http://www.cisreg.ca/tfe.

2012-01-01

91

TechWeb Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

TechWeb Network is an online resource for IT professionals providing "contextual access to the resources of CMP's network of industry-leading technology publications." The site offers this handy encyclopedia of technology terms where visitors can search a database of over 20,000 IT terms. Results are given as short definitions with links to related terms, along with links to definitions of other terms that are similar to the original term requested. For fun, visitors will also find a featured "random definition" and can browse the top 10 requested definitions.

92

PRIME Mathematics Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Platonic Realms Interactive Mathematics Encyclopedia (PRIME) is an impressive collection of mathematical terms and concepts. To use PRIME, simply type the first six letters of the phrase in question into the search field. Results are displayed alphabetically, starting with the closest match first. To limit the results, users can search in specific categories. These include algebra, calculus, discrete mathematics, geometry, graph theory, and many more. There are even biographies of a few notable mathematicians. Many of the entries are cross listed with other related terms. PRIME is very well presented and easy to use.

2006-01-19

93

Concise international encyclopedia of robotics  

SciTech Connect

This volume serves as a guide to the rapidly growing field of robotics. The articles provide coverage of all of the associated theoretical aspects of robotics, as well as most of the present and future applications.

Dorf, R.C.; Nof, S.Y.

1990-01-01

94

The Encyclopedia of Mineralogy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This volume is the tenth in the ambitious Encyclopedia of Earth Science series. In addition to the standard short encyclopedia-style articles, it contains an alphabetical list of 3000 mineral species, groups, varieties, and mineraloids (which, following Fleischer, is called a glossary); this glossary presents basic physical and chemical properties for each entry.Editor Keith Frye has made a major effort, detailed in the preface, to assist the reader/user in avoiding many of the pitfalls in mineral nomenclature. For example, the book presents the names of valid mineral species in lower-case italic type, the names of series or groups in boldface italic letters, while varieties (and synonyms) are set in roman typeface. The worthwhile preface also contains a list, with addresses and date of first publication, of the world's 178 most important journals where mineral data are published. Also included are lists of the important mineral reference books and textbooks on mineralogy. The articles include one on museums with a 32-page table of museums with addresses, size of collection, and specialties.

Rapp, George, Jr.

95

Encyclopedia of Chicago History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Somewhere between Los Angeles and New York is a metropolis affectionately referred to by some as the "Second City". Also known as Chicago, this fair city has recently received its due with the publication of this outstanding reference volume. The online version offered on this site is even more authoritative than the print volume, as it contains a number of interactive maps and special features. Produced by the Chicago Historical Society, the Newberry Library and Northwestern University, this online edition allows users to search the entire contents of the Encyclopedia, and even browse digitized versions of the primary historical documents that serve as the research materials for the print articles. From the homepage, visitors can peruse a user's guide to the Encyclopedia. Each entry includes hypertext links, and in some cases, illustrative materials. For additional information, each entry also features some additional readings. Visitors will also want to take a look at the lovely maps produced for the volume, including a rather compelling map of Chicago's blues clubs. Finally, the special features area includes several interpretive digital essays on the Plan of Chicago of 1909 and galleries on such important topics as "How Chicagoans Remember Their History".

96

Online Nevada Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Nevada is much more than the Hoover Dam and a certain large neon-drenched city, and the Online Nevada Encyclopedia revels in covering aspects of the state that include business, mining, politics, exploration, and the economy of the Silver State. Started in 2007, the Encyclopedia has been developed by the Nevada Humanities organization, with generous support of the U.S. Department of Education and the State of Nevada. It's a good idea to start a tour through the site by looking at one of the exhibit galleries, which include "Civil Rights in Nevada" and "Hoover Dam". All four of the current exhibits bring together primary documents with brief descriptions of each document. After that, visitors should head over to the topical areas to read high-quality articles about various facets of the state. All of the articles are authored by subject experts, and they cover everything from the archaeology of Tule Springs to the spooky world of the state's many ghost towns.

97

Forest Encyclopedia Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Jointly developed by the USDA Forest Service Southern Research Station and Southern Regional Extension Forestry, this website has multiple online encyclopedias regarding the forests of the Southern United States, as well as one that covers the environmental threats facing all North American forests. This website is very user-friendly, both for visitors who are not natural resource professionals and those who are. For those visitors who are involved in the forest sciences, this website helpfully provides "scientific results, conclusions, and impacts with management needs and issues." On the left side of the page is a menu which allows the visitor to peruse the site through a thematic lens, or a global one. To view by theme, click on "Thematic" at the top of the menu. The themes visitors can click on include "So. Appalachian", "So. Pine Beetle", and "So. Fire Science". Under each theme are a multitude of clickable subthemes. For those visitors looking for a global view of the site, click on "Global" at the top of the menu. Topics include "Landscape", "Ecology", "Socio-Economics", and "Forest Health Protection". Forest scientists interested in contributing new scientific content to the Forest Encyclopedia Network can click on "Help" at the top of the website, which will take them to a link on the left side of the page entitled "Author Help".

98

The New Georgia Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the Georgia Humanities Council, in partnership with the Office of the Governor and the University of Georgia Press, the New Georgia Encyclopedia represents an ambitious effort to create an authoritative online resource for literally hundreds of topics about the state of Georgia. It would seem that they are well on their way to reaching their goal of 1600 original articles by January 2006, as visitors can select from a number of broad topics to browse through, including: folklife, education, religion, and transportation. Within each topic, there are numerous subtopics, leading the way to individual articles. One rather nice feature of the Encyclopedia is that each article is accompanied by a list of suggested reading, and in many cases, there are hyperlinks to relevant external sites. The site also provides links to basic Quick Facts about the state, galleries featuring the works of prominent museums through the state, and a Features area, which each month hones-in on any number of topics, such as Creek Leaders of Georgia and Twelve Great Works of Georgia Fiction. From Hank Aaron to the Yazoo Land Fraud, this site is a fine fountain of information about the people, places, and traditions of the Peach State.

99

Better Homes and Gardens Home Improvement Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Despite the commercial intentions of the site, this free online guide to home repair is superior to many similar offerings on the Web. Organized in five principle sections (Plumbing, Wiring, Carpentry, Decks, and Masonry & Concrete), the Encyclopedia covers a good variety of subtopics, from selecting and buying lumber to replacing a faucet or water heater to pouring concrete. Generally aimed at users with some skills but not necessarily much experience in home repair, the projects are clearly explained, with generous illustrations and, in some cases, an "Animated How-To." Project information includes estimated time, required skills and tools, cautions, and links to related projects. Additional resources include a glossary, tool encyclopedia, and an internal search engine.

100

Regulatory Fish Encyclopedia (RFE)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Regulatory Fish Encyclopedia (RFE) was developed by the US Food and Drug Administration "to help federal, state, and local officials and purchasers of seafood identify species substitution and economic deception in the marketplace." As such, the RFE is a compilation of data in several formats (including photographic and imaging parameters, specific isoelectric focusing, DNA sequence patterns, protein patterns, and taxonomic authentication) "that assists with the accurate identification of fish species." Fish and other seafood types are listed by common, regional, market, scientific, and family names, and the site also provides images of some whole fish and market cuts. Additional detailed scientific and taxonomic information is available for some species, but researchers will find the site's varied techniques for identification most useful.

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (U.S.). Office of Seafood.; Affairs., United S.

2005-12-07

101

Encyclopedia of Alabama  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the Alabama Humanities Foundation and Auburn University, the Encyclopedia of Alabama (EOA) is a veritable cornucopia of material about the Yellowhammer State. The EOA draws on the work of many trustworthy and learned authors, and as a statement of the homepage notes, "Alabama's problems are not glossed over, nor are its accomplishments and successes overlooked." Visitors who might not be familiar with the state in the least are encouraged to read historian Wayne Flynt's fine essay on Alabama featured on the homepage. After that, visitors can look over the entries alphabetically, or they can use of the thematic headings (such as "Peoples" and "Religion") to start their journey. The "Features" articles are a treat as well, and they include "Alabama and the Civil War" and "College Football in Alabama". The site also includes several photo galleries, a glossary, and some educational resources for teachers.

102

Petroleum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of petroleum covers: crude oil; fuels, gaseous and liquid; lubricants, oils, and greases; asphalts, bitumens, tars, and pitches; hydrocarbons; physical properties; metals in oil; nonmetallic elements and heterocompounds; and analytical methods and apparatus. (MVL)

McManus, T. R.; And Others

1989-01-01

103

Building the Encyclopedia of Life  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Encyclopedia of Life (EOL) is a collaborative project that indexes information about species, and makes it freely accessible to anyone. In order to accomplish this, EOL is building collaborative tools and infrastructure to unify the information.

Mangiafico, P. A.; Patterson, D. J.

2010-04-01

104

Encyclopedia of Software Components  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Intelligent browsing through a collection of reusable software components is facilitated with a computer having a video monitor and a user input interface such as a keyboard or a mouse for transmitting user selections, by presenting a picture of encyclopedia volumes with respective visible labels referring to types of software, in accordance with a metaphor in which each volume includes a page having a list of general topics under the software type of the volume and pages having lists of software components for each one of the generic topics, altering the picture to open one of the volumes in response to an initial user selection specifying the one volume to display on the monitor a picture of the page thereof having the list of general topics and altering the picture to display the page thereof having a list of software components under one of the general topics in response to a next user selection specifying the one general topic, and then presenting a picture of a set of different informative plates depicting different types of information about one of the software components in response to a further user selection specifying the one component.

Warren, Lloyd V. (Inventor); Beckman, Brian C. (Inventor)

1997-01-01

105

Encyclopedia of software components  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Intelligent browsing through a collection of reusable software components is facilitated with a computer having a video monitor and a user input interface such as a keyboard or a mouse for transmitting user selections, by presenting a picture of encyclopedia volumes with respective visible labels referring to types of software, in accordance with a metaphor in which each volume includes a page having a list of general topics under the software type of the volume and pages having lists of software components for each one of the generic topics, altering the picture to open one of the volumes in response to an initial user selection specifying the one volume to display on the monitor a picture of the page thereof having the list of general topics and altering the picture to display the page thereof having a list of software components under one of the general topics in response to a next user selection specifying the one general topic, and then presenting a picture of a set of different informative plates depicting different types of information about one of the software components in response to a further user selection specifying the one component.

Vanwarren, Lloyd (inventor); Beckman, Brian C. (inventor)

1991-01-01

106

Geological and environmental remote sensing for international petroleum operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Remote sensing allows the petroleum industry to make better and quicker interpretations of geological and environmental conditions in areas of present and future operations. Often remote sensing (including aerial photographs) is required because existing maps are out-of-date, too small of scale, or provide only limited information. Implementing remote sensing can lead to lower project costs and reduced risk. The same

1995-01-01

107

Music Heritage Network Instrument Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Music Heritage Network Instrument Encyclopedia is an initiative of the CHICO (Cultural Heritage Information and Community Outreach) project at the University of Michigan's School of Information (SI). SI cooperated with the School of Music's Stearns Museum of Musical Instruments to develop this comprehensive resource about instruments from around the world. Users may browse the encyclopedia by the Sachs-Hornbostel classification scheme, by geographic origin, or by four major instrument types: percussion, string, wind, and electronic. Users may also conduct full-text searches, or they may search the encyclopedia by instrument title, origin, maker, materials, or description. In addition, an instrument glossary as well as links to other instrument reference resources are available at the site.

1999-01-01

108

Ohio History Central Online Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From William Howard Taft to Toledo, the Ohio History Central Online Encyclopedia is a veritable cornucopia of material about the places, events, and other elements of the Buckeye state's history and lore. As noted on the site's homepage, this encyclopedia ïÿý"is an evolving, dynamic online encyclopedia that includes information about Ohio's natural history, prehistory and history.ïÿý That is certainly a tall order to fill, and the site does so admirably. Visitors can click on over to the built-in search engine on the homepage, or just browse along through such broad categories as "History", "Natural History", and "State Symbols". Visitors to this last category may be intrigued to learn that the state's beverage is tomato juice, or that the state's official insect is the ladybug, a peaceful creature best known for its voracious appetite for aphids.

2006-01-01

109

Purchasing an Encyclopedia: 12 Points To Consider. Fifth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book discusses issues to consider when purchasing an encyclopedia and provides reviews of eight print encyclopedias, six CD-ROM encyclopedias, and one online encyclopedia. Each review provides an address and discusses the history, scope and treatment, and quality and currency of the encyclopedia; for CD-ROM encyclopedias, the database…

American Library Association, Chicago, IL.

110

E-Conflict World Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by EmulateMe, a Web-design company, this online Encyclopedia provides maps, history, weather, geography, and governmental and economic information for any country that users wish to select. (For younger users, the reference also offers audio versions of the national anthems and images of the flags for each country.) There is a wealth of information on-site, particularly in terms of economic, geographic, and demographic data, but users should observe their URL window as some links are external. Rounding out the encyclopedia is a moderated discussion forum allowing users to "speak out" about current world affairs.

111

Encyclopedia of the Cold War  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1945 and 1991, tension between the USA, its allies, and a group of nations led by the USSR, dominated world politics. This period was called the Cold War – a conflict that stopped short to a full-blown war. Benefiting from the recent research of newly open archives, the Encyclopedia of the Cold War discusses how this state of perpetual

Dijk van R

2008-01-01

112

Environmental planning: A condensed encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This encyclopedia contains over 1000 entries dealing with the numerous facets of environmental planning. Within the last few years the term, ''environmental planning'' has emerged. It embraces planning in the older sense with its strong, through by no means exclusive, emphasis on physical planning; but it also implies a form of planning which places much greater emphasis on environmental pleasantness

Gilpin

1986-01-01

113

Wolbachia pipientis - Encyclopedia of Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Encyclopedia of Life species page offers a comprehensive summary of the biology, ecology, evolution and relevance of Wolbachia pipientis. It includes an interactive media panel with images, videos and distribution maps, as well as a navigable classification structure. The page is supplemented with links to literature references, educational opportunities and additional research links.

Life, Encyclopedia O.

114

Encyclopedia of Smoking and Tobacco.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This encyclopedia presents an extensive listing of current and historical information relating to tobacco. It aims to provide accurate, current, and balanced information to people of all viewpoints and on both sides of the smoking debate. The A-to-Z format makes a vast amount of current information easily accessible. Over 600 entries are complied…

Hirschfelder, Arlene B.

115

Geological and environmental remote sensing for international petroleum operations  

SciTech Connect

Remote sensing allows the petroleum industry to make better and quicker interpretations of geological and environmental conditions in areas of present and future operations. Often remote sensing (including aerial photographs) is required because existing maps are out-of-date, too small of scale, or provide only limited information. Implementing remote sensing can lead to lower project costs and reduced risk. The same satellite and airborne data can be used effectively for both geological and environmental applications. For example, earth scientists can interpret new lithologic, structural, and geomorphic information from near-infrared and radar imagery in terrains as diverse as barren desert and tropical jungle. Environmental applications with these and other imagery include establishing baselines, assessing impact by documenting changes through time, and mapping land-use, habitat, and vegetation. Higher resolution sensors provide an up-to-date overview of onshore and offshore petroleum facilities, whereas sensors capable of oblique viewing can be used to generate topographic maps. Geological application in Yemen involved merging Landsat TM and SPOT imagery to obtain exceptional lithologic discrimination. In the Congo, a topographic map to plan field operations was interpreted from the overlapping radar strips. Landsat MSS and TM, SPOT, and Russian satellite images with new aerial photographs are being used in the Tengiz supergiant oil field of Kazakhstan to help establish an environmental baseline, generate a base map, locate wells, plan facilities, and support a geographical information system (GIS). In the Niger delta, Landsat TM and SPOT are being used to plan pipeline routes and seismic lines, and to monitor rapid shoreline changes and population growth. Accurate coastlines, facility locations, and shoreline types are being extracted from satellite images for use in oil spill models.

Ellis, J.M. [Chevron Overseas Petroleum, Inc., San Ramon CA (United States)

1995-11-01

116

The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sitting on the banks of Lake Erie, the city of Cleveland has been an industrial powerhouse for over a century, and its history is a fascinating one. This online encyclopedia of Cleveland history was created with the cooperation of the history department at Case Western Reserve University, along with the assistance of other scholars. David D. VanTassel and John J. Grabowski compiled the encyclopedia, and visitors can perform a full-text search across all of the articles here as well as the image gallery. Visitors may wish to start by taking a look at the "Foreword" and the "Readers' Guide", both of which can be found in the "Supplementary Text" area. Visitors who wish to browse around in a thematic fashion will want to consult the "Subjects" area, which organizes the articles from "African American History" to "Zoo".

117

The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored jointly by Case Western Reserve University and the Western Reserve Historical Society, this excellent online text offers hundreds of articles on the history of Cleveland. There are two categories of articles in the Encyclopedia, general entries -- short articles of 200 to 500 words -- and interpretive essays -- "longer articles of 500 to 4000 words that explore major topics in local history." Both feature numerous hypertext links to related entries as well as photographic images that can be expanded to full screen. (These images may also be examined in a separate gallery on-site.) The encyclopedia features an alphabetical as well as a subject index and can be searched by title, text, and subject. A Reader's Guide and a bicentennial timeline of Cleveland history are also offered as supplementary text. New articles are added on a regular basis.

1998-01-01

118

International Petroleum Statistics Report, August 1998: Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report includes the Oil Market Chronology, monthly world oil production data, and monthly OECD country oil demand, imports, and stocks data. Also included are international oil balance data for 1994-1998 and annual oil data series for 1970-1997.

119

Encyclopedia of Law and Economics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Conceived by the University of Ghent, Belgium, the Encyclopedia of Law and Economics Website is a broad-based collection of resources pertaining to economic and legal issues throughout the world. Showcasing a comprehensive index of searchable bibliographic resources, this site also includes abstracts of recent law and economics reviews. The hefty Law and Economics Web Resources section features working papers, bibliographies, and mailing lists. In addition, the site links to law and economics academic programs, associations, and an array of relevant Websites.

2005-12-15

120

Encyclopedia Britannica: The 1911 Edition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For students, teachers, parents, and researchers who do not have immediate access to encyclopedic information, fret no longer; the 1911 edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica is now online. This encyclopedic resource contains 29 volumes and consists of articles written by more than 1,500 authors within their various fields of expertise. Although this is an innovative and enriching resource tool, it is important to keep in mind the time period in which this particular edition was published.

2002-01-01

121

Science Project Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is designed to help students choose and prepare a science fair research project. Topics include an overview of science projects, controlled experiments, the scientific method, and reasons for planning and conducting a project. Successive pages take the user through the process of getting started, choosing a project, planning the experiment and a display for the science fair, rules and judging, and policies on the use of human subjects, animals, and pathogens and other potentially harmful agents in science fair projects. There is a gallery of photographs of prize-winning and participating science fair project displays from a Florida state science and engineering fair. A link is supplied to a page of the Society for Science and the Public site supplying forms and documents for entering the Intel International Science and Engineering Fair and for entering local and affiliated fairs.

Charles D. Lawrence, Laurence E.

2004-08-27

122

Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry Free Sample Articles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From publishers John Wiley and Sons, Ltd., the Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry, considered the "most comprehensive analytical chemistry reference available," is due for publication in October 2000. In anticipation of the release of this fifteen-volume set, the publisher has posted a teaser: seventeen articles are freely available on the encyclopedia's Website. By completing a simple form, users may access representative articles (in .pdf format) from encyclopedia sections such as Peptides and Proteins; Electroanalytic Methods; Infrared, X-ray, and Mass Spectroscopy; Remote Sensing; and more. Libraries or wealthy individuals interested in ordering the Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry ($4,800) may do so at the site.

123

Multimedia Encyclopedias Take Off: Warp Speed through the Reference Universe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the development of multimedia encyclopedias. Discusses print versus electronic materials; technological advances; interactivity; costs; content and costs of particular multimedia encyclopedias; and a future perspective. A sidebar compares cultural icons in encyclopedias. (AEF)

Kister, Ken

1995-01-01

124

The Electronic Encyclopedia of Earthquakes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Electronic Encyclopedia of Earthquakes is a collaborative project of the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC), the Consortia of Universities for Research in Earthquake Engineering (CUREE) and the Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS). This digital library organizes earthquake information online as a partner with the NSF-funded National Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Digital Library (NSDL) and the Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE). When complete, information and resources for over 500 Earth science and engineering topics will be included, with connections to curricular materials useful for teaching Earth Science, engineering, physics and mathematics. Although conceived primarily as an educational resource, the Encyclopedia is also a valuable portal to anyone seeking up-to-date earthquake information and authoritative technical sources. "E3" is a unique collaboration among earthquake scientists and engineers to articulate and document a common knowledge base with a shared terminology and conceptual framework. It is a platform for cross-training scientists and engineers in these complementary fields and will provide a basis for sustained communication and resource-building between major education and outreach activities. For example, the E3 collaborating organizations have leadership roles in the two largest earthquake engineering and earth science projects ever sponsored by NSF: the George E. Brown Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (CUREE) and the EarthScope Project (IRIS and SCEC). The E3 vocabulary and definitions are also being connected to a formal ontology under development by the SCEC/ITR project for knowledge management within the SCEC Collaboratory. The E3 development system is now fully operational, 165 entries are in the pipeline, and the development teams are capable of producing 20 new, fully reviewed encyclopedia entries each month. Over the next two years teams will complete 450 entries, which will populate the E3 collection to a level that fully spans earthquake science and engineering. Scientists, engineers, and educators who have suggestions for content to be included in the Encyclopedia can visit www.earthquake.info now to complete the "Suggest a Web Page" form.

Benthien, M.; Marquis, J.; Jordan, T.

2003-12-01

125

Encyclopedia of Music in Canada  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada offers instant access to a complete reference of everything musical in Canada. This second edition of the Website is offered by the National Library of Canada and seeks to "reflect Canadian music's richness and diversity." Presented in French and English, the staggeringly large amount of information can be searched or browsed easily. As an example, when browsing under the letter "a," over 3,500 matches are given including artists, genres, instruments, education, organizations, and much more. The site gives clear descriptions and instructions, allowing users a simple, informative, and up-to-date resource.

2001-01-01

126

Comprehensive Astronomical Visualization for a Multimedia Encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The domain of astronomy contributes a wealth of knowledge to the corpus of any general encyclopedia. Modern multimedia encyclopedias are capable of displaying complex, three-dimensional visualizations in real-time, enabling the integration of a planetarium, a virtual theater presenting astronomical facts in an educational and entertaining way. The manifold peculiarities of astronomical data sets require careful balancing of visual means to

Wolfgang Kienreich; Mario Zechner; Vedran Sabol

2007-01-01

127

Multimedia Technology. An Encyclopedia Publisher's Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the Grolier Publishing Company's development of its encyclopedic text database by editing the machine-readable data files from which the Academic American Encyclopedia was printed, and its longer-term objective of creating a multimedia encyclopedia when the technology for a viable delivery system becomes available. Topics…

Cook, Peter

1986-01-01

128

Encyclopedia of the NOAA National Marine Sanctuaries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Highlighting the diverse marine life of America's ocean and Great Lakes treasures, the Encyclopedia of the Sanctuaries offers photos, streaming video and important facts for more than 100 key animal and plant species from each of the National Marine Sanctuaries. The encyclopedia entry for each species includes a photo, quick facts, information about its diet, habitat, distribution and status, and links to outside resources.

129

UCLA Plans Online Encyclopedia of Egyptology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) has unveiled plans for what appears to be the world's first online, peer-reviewed encyclopedia devoted to ancient Egypt. The "UCLA Encyclopedia of Egypt," which in April won a $325,000 grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, will include material in Arabic as well as English. The…

Howard, Jennifer

2006-01-01

130

Encyclopedia of Antarctica and the Southern Oceans  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With so much information just a keystroke away on the World Wide Web, is there still a need for encyclopedias? I think so. Yes, the Web provides access to a plethora of information, if you only know what to look for. It presupposes that you know enough to navigate the maze. An encyclopedia lays out information in neat alphabetical order. One can look up a specific item, as one can search the Web; this is, perhaps, the traditional way in which an encyclopedia is used. But the pages of an encyclopedia can be browsed more casually than can the Web, and perhaps more importantly, without a specific topic in mind, which provides more of a learning exercise. I have spent many hours randomly flipping through pages of an encyclopedia, always fascinated and absorbed by subjects I didn't know existed.

Gordon, Arnold L.

131

The Encyclopedia of World History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The good people at Bartleby.com have long prided themselves on providing a host of important works online for the benefit of those seeking online edification. One of the more recent volumes they have placed on their site is The Encyclopedia of World History, edited by Peter N. Stearns and 30 fellow historians. As the preface to this, the sixth edition, announces: "Simply put, this is a volume that has always intended to convey the key features of world history". This is no small order, and this edition represents a substantial revision from previous editions, as it also reflects the growing body of knowledge about the histories of regions outside of Western Europe and North America. The encyclopedia is complemented by a number of illustrative and informative maps, including ones that visualize India before the Muslim conquest and Italy in the 15th century. Users of the volume are welcome to use the search engine to find the information they so desire, or they may browse at their leisure.

132

The Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania Biography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published from time to time from 1914 to 1967, The Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania Biography was the product of the Lewis Publishing Company. These massive tomes profiled a range of persons who had risen to prominence in the Keystone State. Recently, the Pennsylvania State University Libraries digitized the first volumes published before 1923 and placed them online here. Visitors can search through all of the volumes, and they are also encouraged to type in keywords like "Drexel", "Franklin", and "Furness" to get started. The site also includes the "Who's Who in Pennsylvania" books from 1904 and 1908. These works feature notable personages from the early 20th century, and they can also be read as historical documents that offer a portrait of the movers and shakers of their era.

133

The Grolier World Encyclopedia of Endangered Species.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews "The Grolier World Encyclopedia of Endangered Species" and describes a lesson plan for grades five and six that includes library media skills objectives, science objectives, resources, instructional roles, activity and procedure for completion, evaluation, and follow-up. (LRW)

Martin, Ron

1994-01-01

134

The MIT Encyclopedia of Cognitive Sciences (MITECS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The MIT Encyclopedia of Cognitive Sciences (MITECS), an electronic publication of the MIT Press, is a new comprehensive reference work that encompasses the diverse theories and methodologies of the cognitive and brain sciences. The encyclopedia contains 471 specialized articles by preeminent researchers and scholars; articles include extensive bibliographies and provide multiple cross-references. MITECS spans six major topics: Philosophy; Psychology; Neuroscience; Computational Intelligence; Linguistics and Language; and Culture, Cognition, and Evolution. The introductory essays that precede each major section discuss topics within the larger framework of the cognitive sciences. The encyclopedia may be browsed by an author or a topic index, and the entire work is searchable by keyword. Please note that first-time users of the encyclopedia are required to register at the site; necessary registration information includes email address, full name, and research interests.

2005-11-07

135

Popular Encyclopedias as a Source of Information about Copyright: A Critical Comparison.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rating of five multi-volume encyclopedias ("Collier's Encyclopedia,""Encyclopedia Americana,""Encyclopedia Britannica (EB3),""World Book Encyclopedia,""Academic American Encyclopedia") used 20 evaluation criteria to determine usefulness in answering reference questions concerning copyright. Results indicate that "Collier's" is most useful for…

Miller, Jerome K.

1983-01-01

136

Petroleum Systems Data Room  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Petroleum Systems Data Room Web site is provided by Oil Tracers L.L.C. Visitors have access to several databases including the Oil Library, which is a searchable database of information on more than 30,000 oil samples owned by various analytical laboratories around the world. The other main product of the site is a database that "contains over 10,000 petroleum geochemistry-related citations and is a searchable reference list for over 300,000 pages of petroleum geochemistry literature drawn from hundreds of sources" called OilRef. The other free reference (after registering) is a petroleum dictionary and encyclopedia, rounding out this easy-to-use and very helpful set of recourses.

137

EERI/IAEE World Housing Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online Encyclopedia of Housing Construction Types is a joint project between two prominent earthquake engineering organizations. It is intended to help engineers make buildings in regions of high seismic activity less susceptible to damage, and hopefully save lives. A large amount of housing information is given for many different countries. Hazard maps show areas that are most at risk. Building descriptions describe common construction types and structural features, and suggest seismic strengthening technologies that can be implemented. Much of the encyclopedia's material is contributed by architects and engineers around the world, and more volunteers are welcome.

2005-12-29

138

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Logical Paradoxes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For those who believe the Web fosters only barely mindful surfing, we offer the following site as counterargument. Not to be confused with fallacies are paradoxes: "a puzzling conclusion we seem to be driven towards by our reasoning, but which is highly counterintuitive, nevertheless" -- also known as brainteasers for logicians. The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (see the August 14, 1998 Scout Report) presents a thorough discussion of paradoxes in the context of the history of philosophy, covering paradoxes of both classical and modern origins in addition to those of self-reference and a few others. A bibliography is also available as well as links to further discussions of paradoxes within the Encyclopedia.

Slater, Barry H.

2001-01-01

139

Bartleby.com Columbia Encyclopedia: Sixth Edition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bartleby.com has available its electronic version of the Columbia Encyclopedia with numerous updates, including improved search and navigation features. The sixth edition contains close to 51,000 entries, including 17,000 biographies, with over 80,000 hypertext cross-references, as well as links to other resources such as maps, speeches, and additional full-text collections held by Bartleby.com. Visitors may search the encyclopedia by keyword (either full-text or entry word), browse the entries alphabetically, or browse the biographical entries by 140 categories. Definitely one of the standard online general reference works.

2001-01-01

140

National Park Service: Environmental Contaminants Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource from the National Park Service contains a wealth of information central to the growing field of environmental toxicology. The site consists of a searchable encyclopedia of 118 environmental contaminants, from Acenaphthene to Zinc. With information on chemical elements, compounds, and products, the EC Encyclopedia also serves as a reference for determining the potential impact of the concentration of a certain substance. Entries are in Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) format and include background information, specific threats, and other related material. Complete reference information (the Referenc.pdf file) is also available.

1998-01-01

141

McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Observational, theoretical, and experimental aspects of astronomy are presented in 230 articles selected from the fifth edition of the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology (1982). Observation techniques and instruments are characterized, and numerous photographs, diagrams, graphs, and tables are provided.

Parker, S. P.

142

Encyclopedia of Smart Materials, 2 Volume Set  

Microsoft Academic Search

Smart materials--materials and structures that can impart information about their environment to an observer or monitoring device--are revolutionizing fields as diverse as engineering, optics, and medical technology. Advances in smart materials are impacting disciplines across the scientific and technological landscape. Now, practictioners and researchers have an authoritative source to go to for answers about this emerging new area. Encyclopedia of

Mel Schwartz

2002-01-01

143

Summarization of an Online Medical Encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

We explore a knowledge-rich (abstraction) approach to summa- rization and apply it to multiple documents from an online med- ical encyclopedia. A semantic processor functions as the source interpreter and produces a list of predications. A transformation stage then generalizes and condenses this list, ultimately gener- ating a conceptual condensate for a given disorder topic. We provide a preliminary evaluation

Marcelo Fiszman; Thomas C. Rindflesch; Halil Kilicoglu

2004-01-01

144

The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences (MITECS) brings together 471 brief articles on a very wide range of topics within cognitive science. The general editors worked with advisory editors in six contributing fields, including Gennaro Chierchia on Lin- guistics and Language and Michael I. Jordan and Stuart Russell on Computational Intelligence. MITECS opens with excellent overview articles by each

Robert A. Wilson; Frank C. Keil; John Nerbonne

1999-01-01

145

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) is a knowledge base for systematic analysis of gene functions in terms of the networks of genes and molecules. The major component of KEGG is the PATHWAY database that consists of graphical dia- grams of biochemical pathways including most of the known metabolic pathways and some of the known regulatory pathways. The pathway

Hiroyuki Ogata; Susumu Goto; Kazushige Sato; Wataru Fujibuchi; Hidemasa Bono; Minoru Kanehisa

1999-01-01

146

Reach for Reference: A New Early Encyclopedia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the new Grolier Student Encyclopedia, intended for grades three through eight. Good middle-level readers might become frustrated with this source, but primary and intermediate students, middle-level students reading below grade level, and English language learners of any age will find the style of information presentation…

Safford, Barbara Ripp

2005-01-01

147

Encyclopedia of Bilingualism and Bilingual Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This encyclopedia is designed to promote bilingualism in a comprehensive and comprehensive manner and to be academically sound while remaining accessible to as wide an audience as possible. Each topic is presented in a clear, understandable style. Four sections focus on the following: (1) "Individual Bilingualism" (e.g., bilingualism and the…

Baker, Colin; Jones, Sylvia Prys

148

Encyclopedia of the NOAA National Marine Sanctuaries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Encyclopedia of the Sanctuaries offers photos, streaming video and important facts for more than 100 key animal and plant species from each of the national marine sanctuaries. It allows users to search for their favorite species or browse the wildlife of each sanctuary by category, ranging from spiny lobster to killer whales and from white-tipped reef sharks to sea anemones. The encyclopedia entry for each species includes a photo, quick facts, information about its diet, habitat, distribution and status, and links to outside resources. Many of the entries also offer engaging, high-quality video clips of species in their natural habitats, making this an entertaining and informative resource for educators, students of all ages, zoos and aquaria, science and technology centers, and natural history museums.

2005-10-10

149

Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Edited by Claude Summers and Ted-Larry Pebworth, this online encyclopedia is an excellent resource for information about many aspects of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender culture. From the main page, users can search the encyclopedia by keyword, or move through one of the thematic sections offered here, such as literature or the arts. Each of these sections contains an alphabetical subject guide and a popular topics section. Also featured is a Spotlight section that, in March 2003, features an extended essay on lesbian photography before Stonewall. The site also has a lively, monitored discussion area, featuring commentaries on literature, a suggestion area, and feedback on technical issues related to the site. Finally, the site has a list of all contributors to the project, with links to each of their entries.

150

Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

When thinking about the Volunteer State, many people's minds may immediately turn to the accomplishments of President Andrew Jackson or the far-reaching impact of the massive public works project that resulted in the formation of the Tennessee Valley Authority. Interested parties can learn about these aspects of the state's history and culture, along with many other facets of the state, at this fine site which is the digital version of The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Originally released in 1998 as a large print volume, the Encyclopedia was placed online in a searchable format in 2002. Here visitors can browse through more than 1500 entries, along with 500 additional images and some audio and video files as well. For those interested in looking at the material by themes, they will be pleased to learn that the materials are also divided into categories, such as medicine, sports, county history, and industry.

151

Digital Encyclopedia: George Washington's Mount Vernon  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What was George Washington's life like at Mount Vernon? This frequent question is answered in fine form by this Digital Encyclopedia, compiled by a variety of scholars in collaboration with the Mount Vernon Estate. It is particularly appropriate that there is such a copious compendium of facts on the goings-on at Mt. Vernon, as Washington was enamored of encyclopedias during his life. Drawing on a range of primary sources, this project brings together hundreds of entries divided into over a dozen topics, including Military, Slavery, Food and Drink, and Animals. The Personal area is quite compelling, as it includes entries on Barbados, smallpox and, of course, the celebrated myths surrounding Washington's false teeth.

152

Encyclopedia of Smart Materials, 2 Volume Set  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Smart materials--materials and structures that can impart information about their environment to an observer or monitoring device--are revolutionizing fields as diverse as engineering, optics, and medical technology. Advances in smart materials are impacting disciplines across the scientific and technological landscape. Now, practictioners and researchers have an authoritative source to go to for answers about this emerging new area. Encyclopedia of Smart Materials provides A-to-Z coverage of the entire field of intelligent materials. Discussions of theory, fabrication, processing, applications, and uses of these unique materials are presented here in a collection of concise entries from the world's foremost experts in the field--including scientists, educators and engineers. This encyclopedia is as broad in scope as the technology itself, addressing daily, commercial applications as well as sophisticated units designed to operate in space, underwater, underground, and within the human body. Extensively cross-referenced and generously supplemented with bibliographies and indexes, this book's treatment also broaches the specialized properties and coatings that are required for the use of materials in extreme conditions. Illustrated with photographs, tables, line drawings, and equations, Encyclopedia of Smart Materials is the premier reference for material scientists, chemists, chemical engineers, process engineers, consultants, patent attorneys and students in these areas. An essential resource on the shelves of laboratories, government facilities, and academic libraries. Editor-in-Chief, Mel Schwartz has over forty years of experience with metals, ceramics, and composites, with special expertise in brazing. The holder of five patents, he has authored thirteen books and more than one hundred technical papers and articles. Reach the information you need rapidly and easily with the ONLINE edition of the Encyclopedia of Smart Materials. The online edition delivers all the rich content of the print edition with the added benefits of an advanced search engine and the desktop convenience of web access. For more information or to license the online edition (beginning July 2002) please visit: www.interscience.wiley.com/reference/esm

Schwartz, Mel

2002-03-01

153

The Encyclopedia of Astrobiology, Astronomy, and Spaceflight  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Visitors can learn astonishing facts in historical astronomy, astrobiology, astrophysics, space missions, and many more space science topics at this comprehensive website. David Darling, a British astronomer and science writer, provides straightforward explanations of seemingly difficult concepts. In addition to an easily navigable alphabetical list and a keyword search, the encyclopedia is interlinked so that users can easily progress through the materials. The website also features the latest space science news stories as well as archives of exciting events.

154

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Meteorites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, meteorites have caught the imagination of scientist and collector alike. An army of people are now actively searching for them in the hot and cold deserts of Earth. Fascinating extraterrestrial rocks in meteorites are our only contact with materials from beyond the Earth-Moon system. Using well known petrologic techniques, O. Richard Norton reveals in vivid color their extraordinary external and internal structures and taking readers to the atomic level, describes the environment within the solar nebula that existed before the planets accreted. Extensively illustrated, this volume is a valuable guide to assist searchers in the field in recognizing the many classes of meteorites and it is a superb reference source for students, teachers and scientists who wish to probe deeper these amazing rocks from space. O. Richard Norton is a contributing editor for Meteorite magazine and the author of The Planetarium and Atmospherium and Rocks from Space (Mountain Press, 1998). For the last 40 years, he has taught astronomy and space sciences at various US institutions.

Norton, O. Richard

2002-03-01

155

Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes, an ongoing project from Kyoto University, has recently updated this collection of molecular interaction information. The Introduction section provides substantial information on the project background and data, as well as user guides and manuals to help users orient themselves to the database. Users can search for information on specific interactions in selected species, or browse to find metabolic pathways or gene sequences of interest. Computational tools include the ability to find similar sequences and generate possible reactions between compounds.

2002-01-01

156

Encyclopedia of 20th-Century American Humor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reference encyclopedia contains information on both the historical and contemporary aspects of humor and comedy in the United States. Arranged in an A-to-Z format, the encyclopedia is a collection of article-length essays that examine humor from many perspectives, from defining terms; to providing information on humor writers, comedians, and…

Nilsen, Alleen Pace; Nilsen, Don L. F.

157

The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Widely considered to be one of the crowning achievements of the Enlightenment, the Encyclopedia edited by Denis Diderot and Jean le Rond d'Alembert in the 18th century has proved to be fertile ground for those who have sought to classify and chronicle the various branches of knowledge. This highly ambitious project was published during the period 1751 to 1777, and included 32 volumes amply illustrated with engraved plates. Close to 150 years later, a group of talented individuals sought to create an online version of the Encyclopedia translated into English, with links to the original French versions. The project is based at the University of Michigan Library, although contributors to the project are scattered across the world. Visitors to the site can search the currently available articles or browse by title, French title, or subject. Finally, visitors will want to take a look at the famous "Map of the System of Human Knowledge" that is immediately identified with this most celebrated human endeavor.

158

Virtual Knowledge: The Best Buys in 1998 CD-ROM Encyclopedias.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses questions to consider and features to look for in selecting a CD-ROM encyclopedia. Reviews Encyclopaedia Britannica CD 98 Multimedia Edition, Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia 1998, Microsoft Encarta 98 Encyclopedia, and Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia 1998. Contact information, price, and system requirements are listed. (JAK)

Burg, Barbara; Kautzman, Amy M.

1998-01-01

159

CAMEO: Conservation & Art Material Encyclopedia Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Art historians, preservationists, and other types will be most glad to learn about the existence of the Conservation and Art Materials Encyclopedia Online (CAMEO). This is, of course, if they don't know about it already. The original CAMEO was first placed online in November 2000, and it has been significantly enlarged and updated over the past several years. This online resource contains chemical, physical, visual, and analytical information on over 10,000 historic and contemporary materials used in the production and conservation of artistic, architectural, archaeological, and anthropological materials. While some visitors may wish to use the embedded search engine, some may just wish to browse the materials by letter. Visitors can also perform a material search by entering a word, partial word, or a variety of other fields, including composition, density, and boiling point.

160

Encyclopedia of Life Sciences: Sample Content  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hey, scientists! Want to take a fun and productive break from the lab? Read the sample content from Nature Online compiled at The Encyclopedia of Life Sciences (ELS) Website. Although the bulk of the site requires a paid subscription, ELS, a new online database of more than 3,000 original peer-reviewed articles, offers a few free-access sections. Selections from Nature research and news articles are posted in the non-subscription Article of the Week, Research Highlights, and Feature of the Month sections. Recent Research Highlights include dancing honeybees, chromosome pairing, and Antarctic ecology. Visitors to ELS can also see lists of new and upcoming content and check out job listings. To reach the free stuff, choose "Browse our free features" from the ELS homepage.

2007-07-11

161

Web-based encyclopedia on physical effects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Web-based learning applications open new horizons for educators. In this work we present the computer encyclopedia designed to overcome drawbacks of traditional paper information sources such as awkward search, low update rate, limited copies count and high cost. Moreover, we intended to improve access and search functions in comparison with some Internet sources in order to make it more convenient. The system is developed using modern Java technologies (Jave Servlets, Java Server Pages) and contains systemized information about most important and explored physical effects. It also may be used in other fields of science. The system is accessible via Intranet/Internet networks by means of any up-to-date Internet browser. It may be used for general learning purposes and as a study guide or tutorial for performing laboratory works.

Papliatseyeu, Andrey; Repich, Maryna; Ilyushonak, Boris; Hurbo, Aliaksandr; Makarava, Katerina; Lutkovski, Vladimir M.

2004-07-01

162

The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture is "to collect and disseminate information on all aspects of the state's history and culture and to provide a comprehensive reference work for historians, teachers, students and individuals for the purpose of promoting the study, understanding, and appreciation of Arkansas's heritage." First-time visitors should check out the This Day in Arkansas History feature, which provides easy access to the lore, culture, history, and geography of the state. Moving on, visitors can use the Browse Entries area to look around the material by category, type, time period, or race & ethnicity. Those persons looking for a bit of audio-visual inspiration will want to click on over to the Browse Media area. Here, they can find songs performed by sons and daughters of Arkansas (including the legendary Al Hibbler), maps, and video clips from films like "Emerson County Shaping Dream" and "Unhooking the Hookworm."

163

Contemporary Biographies from the Large Soviet Encyclopedia. Volume 5.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report contains biographical articles on living Soviet personalities included in the Large Soviet Encyclopedia. The information has been reproduced in file-card format for convenience in filing. (Author)

A. M. Prokhorov

1972-01-01

164

State-of-the-Art Multimedia in 1996: The "Big Four" General Encyclopedias on CD-ROM.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews four CD-ROM encyclopedias: Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia, 1996 Edition; Microsoft Encarta 96 Encyclopedia; the 1996 Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia; and World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia 1996. Focuses on multimedia features, their quantity, quality, accessibility, and playability. Discusses each product's novel features and important…

Jacso, Peter

1996-01-01

165

Palm & Cycad Societies of Florida: Virtual Cycad Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the Palm & Cycad Societies of Florida, the Virtual Cycad Encyclopedia is great resource for information and stories about the ancient cycads. The Encyclopedia comprises numerous articles organized under such topics as Cycad Taxonomy, Biology, Evolution, Horticulture, Conservation, and more. Examples of encyclopedia articles include: a 59-frame slide show on Growing and Collecting Cycads; an interactive Key to Cycad Genera; an older article on Pollination Biology of Cycads co-authored by staff at the New York Botanical Garden and the Fairchild Tropical Garden; and a Compiled List of Cycad Genera. The site also contains a Photo Gallery with many good-quality cycad images listed by scientific name. Site visitors will also find a collection of related links, and a list of reference books.

166

The Encyclopedia of Life: Describing Species, Unifying Biology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Harvard biologist E. O. Wilson affirmed a perennial hope of biologists, taxonomists, and naturalists when in 2003 he wrote, âÂÂAn all-species encyclopedia of life is logically inevitable if for no other reason that the consolidation of biological knowledge is urgently overdue.â Wilson proceeded with his vision of a Web-based encyclopedia in which there is a page devoted to each species on Earth, with links to diverse scientific databases. The species page, as envisaged, would summarize everything known about the species, from its genome and proteome to its distribution, habitat, and ecological relationships, as well as âÂÂits practical importance for humanity.â In May 2007, the Encyclopedia of Life (EOL) was officially launched, with support from the Sloan and MacArthur foundations.

Richard Blaustein (freelancer;)

2009-07-01

167

Analysis and comparison of performance and emissions of an internal combustion engine fuelled with petroleum diesel and different bio-diesels  

Microsoft Academic Search

The performance and emissions of an internal combustion engine (ICE) engine fuelled with two bio-diesels are experimentally measured and analysed according to ISO 8178 standard and compared with that of the petroleum diesel. Two types of bio-diesel, type A and type B (defined in Section 1) with their blends of B5, B10, B20, B50 and B100 are tested and analysed.

P. McCarthy; M. G. Rasul; S. Moazzem

2011-01-01

168

Boyhood in America: An Encyclopedia. Volumes 1 and 2. The American Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This encyclopedia is the first reference work to focus on the life and history of U.S. boyhood through the centuries. Coverage in the encyclopedia spans education, ethnicity, sports, work, religion, and health issues. The encyclopedia's expert contributors approach topics from many disciplines, including history, cultural studies, media studies,…

Clement, Priscilla Ferguson, Ed.; Reinier, Jacqueline S., Ed.

169

Encyclopedia of Youth and War: Young People as Participants and Victims.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This encyclopedia provides comprehensive information on youth and war. Beginning with the 30 Years' War in the 17th century and ending with the conflicts in Bosnia and Kosovo, the encyclopedia covers children and youth from birth to age 18, with additional materials on young adults from 18 to 24 years of age. The encyclopedia includes over 300…

Sherrow, Victoria

170

Petroleum liquids  

SciTech Connect

This book contains the following six chapters: Characteristics of Petroleum Products; Behavior of Petroleum Products; Extinguishing Agents; Preplanning for Petroleum-Liquid Emergencies; Strategies and Tactics; and Termination Procedures.

Hawthorne, E.

1987-01-01

171

Towards a History of the Encyclopedia from Jerome to Isidor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the evolution of the idea of an encyclopedia from Jerome, who worked mainly in Caesarea in Palestine towards the end of the Roman Empire, through the work of Augustine, Martianus Capella, Boethius, and Cassiodorus Senator, to Isidor, who worked in Seville on the eve of the Carolingian Renaissance. (LLS)

Jackson, S.

1981-01-01

172

Self-Supervised Chinese Ontology Learning from Online Encyclopedias  

PubMed Central

Constructing ontology manually is a time-consuming, error-prone, and tedious task. We present SSCO, a self-supervised learning based chinese ontology, which contains about 255 thousand concepts, 5 million entities, and 40 million facts. We explore the three largest online Chinese encyclopedias for ontology learning and describe how to transfer the structured knowledge in encyclopedias, including article titles, category labels, redirection pages, taxonomy systems, and InfoBox modules, into ontological form. In order to avoid the errors in encyclopedias and enrich the learnt ontology, we also apply some machine learning based methods. First, we proof that the self-supervised machine learning method is practicable in Chinese relation extraction (at least for synonymy and hyponymy) statistically and experimentally and train some self-supervised models (SVMs and CRFs) for synonymy extraction, concept-subconcept relation extraction, and concept-instance relation extraction; the advantages of our methods are that all training examples are automatically generated from the structural information of encyclopedias and a few general heuristic rules. Finally, we evaluate SSCO in two aspects, scale and precision; manual evaluation results show that the ontology has excellent precision, and high coverage is concluded by comparing SSCO with other famous ontologies and knowledge bases; the experiment results also indicate that the self-supervised models obviously enrich SSCO.

Shao, Zhiqing; Ruan, Tong

2014-01-01

173

The Good, the Bad and the Dead! Using Encyclopedias.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a lesson plan in which students use an encyclopedia to research a famous person. Identifies library media skills objectives, curriculum (subject area objectives), grade levels (4 and 5), resources, instructional roles, activity and procedures for completion, evaluation guidelines, and follow-up activities. Includes a sample worksheet.…

Bailey, Annette

1998-01-01

174

Interpreting Hypernymic Propositions in an Online Medical Encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interpretation of semantic propositions from bio- medical texts documents would provide valuable support to natural language processing (NLP) ap- plications. We are developing a methodology to in- terpret a kind of semantic proposition, the hy- pernymic proposition, in MEDLINE abstracts. In this paper, we expanded the system to identify these structures in a different discourse domain: the Medi- cal Encyclopedia

Marcelo Fiszman; Thomas C. Rindflesch; Halil Kilicoglu

2003-01-01

175

Encyclopedia of the Elements: Technical Data - History - Processing - Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Famous for its history of numerous element discoverers, Sweden is the origin of this comprehensive encyclopedia of the elements. It provides both an important database for professionals as well as detailed reading ranging from historical facts, discoverers' portraits, color plates of mineral types, natural occurrences, and industrial figures right up to winning and refining processes, biological roles and applications in

Per Enghag

2004-01-01

176

A Look at Four Encyclopedias of 1974--Especially Britannica.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a panel presentation, Americana, Colliers, Britannica, and World Book encyclopedias were compared. One member described her daughter's experiences in working on Britannica II. The organization of Britannica into a Propaedia, Micropaedia, and a Macropaedia was compared with the alphabetical arrangement of the others. The complex new form was…

Youngstown and Mahoning County Public Library, Youngstown, OH.

177

Transforming text into hypertext for a compact disc encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A hypertext version of a multi-volume engineering encyclopedia on a compact disc is described. The methods for characterizing the explicit and implicit structure of the document, the novel user interface to the compact disc version, and the design and development lessons that apply to any hypertext project involving realistic amounts of text and graphics are discussed.

Robert J. Glushko

1989-01-01

178

Becoming Wikipedian: transformation of participation in a collaborative online encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional activities change in surprising ways when computer-mediated communication becomes a component of the activity system. In this descriptive study, we leverage two perspectives on social activity to understand the experiences of individuals who became active collaborators in Wikipedia, a prolific, cooperatively-authored online encyclopedia. Legitimate peripheral participation provides a lens for understanding participation in a community as an adaptable process

Susan L. Bryant; Andrea Forte; Amy Bruckman

2005-01-01

179

Wikipedias: Collaborative web-based encyclopedias as complex networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wikipedia is a popular web-based encyclopedia edited freely and\\u000acollaboratively by its users. In this paper we present an analysis of\\u000aWikipedias in several languages as complex networks. The hyperlinks pointing\\u000afrom one Wikipedia article to another are treated as directed links while the\\u000aarticles represent the nodes of the network. We show that many network\\u000acharacteristics are common to

V. Zlati?; M. Boÿziÿcevic; H. Štefan?i?; M. Domazet

2006-01-01

180

Eco Cyc: encyclopedia of Escherichia coli genes and metabolism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The encyclopedia of Escherichia coli genes andmetabolism (EcoCyc) is a database that combinesinformation about the genome and the intermediarymetabolism of E.coli. The database describes 3030genes of E.coli, 695 enzymes encoded by a subset ofthese genes, 595 metabolic reactions that occur inE.coli, and the organization of these reactions into 123metabolic pathways. The EcoCyc graphical user interfaceallows scientists to query and explore

Peter D. Karp; Monica Riley; Suzanne M. Paley; Alida Pellegrini-toole; Markus Krummenacker

1999-01-01

181

EcoCyc: Encyclopedia of Escherichia coli genes and metabolism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The encyclopedia of Escherichia coli genes and metabolism (EcoCyc) is a database that combines information about the genome and the intermediary metabolism of E.coli. The database describes 3030 genes of E.coli, 695 enzymes encoded by a subset of these genes, 595 metabolic reactions that occur in E.coli, and the organization of these reactions into 123 metabolic pathways. The EcoCyc graphical

Peter D. Karp; Monica Riley; Suzanne M. Paley; Alida Pellegrini-toole; Markus Krummenacker

1998-01-01

182

A user interface for the electronic encyclopedia exploratorium  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Electronic Encyclopedia Exploratorium (E3) is a vision of a future computer system—a kind of electronic “HOW Things Work” book. Typical articles in E3 will describe such mechanisms as compression refrigerators, engines, telescopes, and mechanical linkages. Each article will provide simulations, three-dimensional animated graphics that the user can manipulate, laboratory areas that allow a user to modify the device or

Michael Salisbury; Alan Borning

1993-01-01

183

Encyclopedia Smithsonian: FAQs and Guide to Resources A - Z  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, presented by the Smithsonian Institution, gives quick answers to frequently asked questions, available at any time of day or night. Not new but always being improved upon, Encyclopedia Smithsonian includes general information such as admission fees and hours, access to Smithsonian library catalogs, and exhibition calendars. It also provides subject access to the collections of the many Smithsonian museums, without requiring that users know which museum holds the answer to a query. For example, clicking on First Ladies brings one to the U.S. Political History section of the Encyclopedia, which, in addition to listing the collection of First Ladies' gowns at the National Museum of American History, also directs users to a long list of Presidential Historic sites located in all parts of the country, and resources at the National Portrait Gallery. Arranged alphabetically, Encyclopedia Smithsonian is a good starting point for K-12 students, tourists, and anyone looking for a simple approach to the varied riches of the Smithsonian.

184

Comparative Evaluation of Two Systems for the Visual Navigation of Encyclopedia Knowledge Spaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern digital encyclopedias contain hundreds of thousands of textual articles and multimedia elements. Alternative discovery\\u000a techniques facilitating the visual exploration of encyclopedia knowledge spaces have recently received much attention. We\\u000a present the results of a comparative usability evaluation of a two-dimensional and a three-dimensional visualization system\\u000a integrated with the Brockhaus encyclopedia. Both systems enable visual navigation of article context. Results

Wolfgang Kienreich; Peter Kraker

2008-01-01

185

SYMBOLS.com: Encyclopedia of Western Signs and Ideograms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by HME Media, this site is an online version of Carl G. Liungman's Thought Signs (1995), an encyclopedia of graphic symbols. The site contains more than 2,500 Western signs, arranged into 54 groups according to their graphic characteristics. Ranging from Cro-Magnon carvings in mammoth teeth to hobo signs and subway graffiti, the signs are explained and examined in 1,600 articles. Users may search for the meaning or history of a sign in the Graphic Index or use the Word Index to find an ideogram with a certain meaning.

Liungman, Carl G., 1938-.

1997-01-01

186

Subject Encyclopedias: User Guide, Review Citations, and Keyword Index. Part I and Part II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This two-volume guide is designed to make subject encyclopedias more accessible. To qualify for inclusion, an encyclopedia must meet the following criteria: new or revised edition published since 1990; coverage by subject (not primarily biographical or geographical); intended audience of high school students, college students, and adults;…

Mirwis, Allan N.

187

Out for a Spin: A School Librarian Test Drives 14 CD-ROM Encyclopedias.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A school librarian reviews CD-ROM encyclopedias, determining their suitability for school and public library use with children and young adults, and favoring content and accessibility over special features and multimedia enhancements. Outlines essential considerations when choosing encyclopedias (price, network and print versions, and online…

Del Vecchio, Stephen

1997-01-01

188

From now on, the Encyclopedia Britannica will only be published online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Encyclopedia Britannica ends print, goes digitalhttp://www.chicagotribune.com/health/sns-rt-us-encyclopediabritannicabre82c1fs-20120313,0,338011.storyAfter 244 Years, Encyclopaedia Britannica Stops the Presseshttp://mediadecoder.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/03/13/after-244-years-encyclopaedia-britannica-stops-the-presses/Encyclopedia Britannica to stop printing bookshttp://money.cnn.com/2012/03/13/technology/encyclopedia-britannica-books/?cnn=yes&hpt=hp_t3Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th editionhttp://www.archive.org/details/EncyclopaediaBritannica1911HQDJVUDeath of a Sales Forcehttp://www1.salon.com/media/media960510.htmlBritannica.comhttp://www.britannica.com/The first proto-encyclopedia was created by Pliny the Elder two thousand years ago. Over the course of many years, he created a work that covered art, medicine, geography, geology, and natural history. Since that time, many encyclopedias have come and gone, and one of the most enduring is certainly the Encyclopedia Britannica. First published in 1768, the work began life in Edinburgh and it was considered one of the distinguishing products of the Scottish Enlightenment. This Tuesday it was announced that the Encyclopedia would no longer publish a print edition, but the company will continue to update and offer its digital online version. In a statement released this week to major news outlets, the company's president, Jorge Cauz, commented that "The print edition became more difficult to maintain and wasn't the best physical element to deliver the quality of our database and the quality of our editorial." Of course, the broader story of this transformation involves the rise of various free online encyclopedias, such as Wikipedia. Interested parties may still purchase one of the existing 15th edition printed copies of the Encyclopedia for $1,400.The first link will take visitors to a news article about the Encyclopedia Britannica's decision to go to an all-digital format from this Wednesday's Chicago Tribune. The second link will lead interested parties to a bit of commentary on this development from the New York Times' "Media Decoder" blog. Moving on, the third link will take users to a piece from CNN's Julianne Pepitone about the recent decision made by Encyclopedia Britannica to stop printing physical copies. The fourth link leads to a digitized copy of the celebrated (and rather controversial) 11th edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica, published in 1911. The fifth takes visitors to a great archived piece from Salon.com that features an interview with Myron Taxman, one of the last Encyclopedia Britannica salespeople. The final link leads to the homepage of the Encyclopedia Britannica, which offers free access to select articles and information about the company.

Grinnell, Max

2012-03-16

189

Encyclopedia of the Elements: Technical Data - History - Processing - Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Famous for its history of numerous element discoverers, Sweden is the origin of this comprehensive encyclopedia of the elements. It provides both an important database for professionals as well as detailed reading ranging from historical facts, discoverers' portraits, color plates of mineral types, natural occurrences, and industrial figures right up to winning and refining processes, biological roles and applications in modern chemistry, engineering and industry. Elemental data is presented in fact tables that include numerous physical and thermodynamic properties, isotope lists, radiation absorption characteristics, NMR parameters, and others. Further pertinent data is supplied in additional tables throughout the text. Originally published in Swedish in three volumes from 1998 to 2000, the contents have been revised and expanded by the author for this English edition.

Enghag, Per

2004-09-01

190

Wikipedias: collaborative web-based encyclopedias as complex networks.  

PubMed

Wikipedia is a popular web-based encyclopedia edited freely and collaboratively by its users. In this paper we present an analysis of Wikipedias in several languages as complex networks. The hyperlinks pointing from one Wikipedia article to another are treated as directed links while the articles represent the nodes of the network. We show that many network characteristics are common to different language versions of Wikipedia, such as their degree distributions, growth, topology, reciprocity, clustering, assortativity, path lengths, and triad significance profiles. These regularities, found in the ensemble of Wikipedias in different languages and of different sizes, point to the existence of a unique growth process. We also compare Wikipedias to other previously studied networks. PMID:16907159

Zlati?, V; Bozicevi?, M; Stefanci?, H; Domazet, M

2006-07-01

191

A User's Guide to the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE)  

PubMed Central

The mission of the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) Project is to enable the scientific and medical communities to interpret the human genome sequence and apply it to understand human biology and improve health. The ENCODE Consortium is integrating multiple technologies and approaches in a collective effort to discover and define the functional elements encoded in the human genome, including genes, transcripts, and transcriptional regulatory regions, together with their attendant chromatin states and DNA methylation patterns. In the process, standards to ensure high-quality data have been implemented, and novel algorithms have been developed to facilitate analysis. Data and derived results are made available through a freely accessible database. Here we provide an overview of the project and the resources it is generating and illustrate the application of ENCODE data to interpret the human genome.

2011-01-01

192

Genomic encyclopedia of sugar utilization pathways in the Shewanella genus  

PubMed Central

Background Carbohydrates are a primary source of carbon and energy for many bacteria. Accurate projection of known carbohydrate catabolic pathways across diverse bacteria with complete genomes constitutes a substantial challenge due to frequent variations in components of these pathways. To address a practically and fundamentally important challenge of reconstruction of carbohydrate utilization machinery in any microorganism directly from its genomic sequence, we combined a subsystems-based comparative genomic approach with experimental validation of selected bioinformatic predictions by a combination of biochemical, genetic and physiological experiments. Results We applied this integrated approach to systematically map carbohydrate utilization pathways in 19 genomes from the Shewanella genus. The obtained genomic encyclopedia of sugar utilization includes ~170 protein families (mostly metabolic enzymes, transporters and transcriptional regulators) spanning 17 distinct pathways with a mosaic distribution across Shewanella species providing insights into their ecophysiology and adaptive evolution. Phenotypic assays revealed a remarkable consistency between predicted and observed phenotype, an ability to utilize an individual sugar as a sole source of carbon and energy, over the entire matrix of tested strains and sugars. Comparison of the reconstructed catabolic pathways with E. coli identified multiple differences that are manifested at various levels, from the presence or absence of certain sugar catabolic pathways, nonorthologous gene replacements and alternative biochemical routes to a different organization of transcription regulatory networks. Conclusions The reconstructed sugar catabolome in Shewanella spp includes 62 novel isofunctional families of enzymes, transporters, and regulators. In addition to improving our knowledge of genomics and functional organization of carbohydrate utilization in Shewanella, this study led to a substantial expansion of our current version of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Carbohydrate Utilization. A systematic and iterative application of this approach to multiple taxonomic groups of bacteria will further enhance it, creating a knowledge base adequate for the efficient analysis of any newly sequenced genome as well as of the emerging metagenomic data.

2010-01-01

193

Petroleum Distillates.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides data for the evaluation of the safety of certain petroleum distillate fractions used in commercial products to which consumers may be exposed. Chemical information and data on the toxicology, pharmacology and relevent biology are comp...

J. Villaume P. Walter R. Levine A. Craigmill H. Schwartz

1976-01-01

194

NEMS International Energy Module, model documentation report: World Oil Market, Petroleum Products Supply and Oxygenates Supply components  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) is developing the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) to enhance its energy forecasting capabilities and to provide the Department of Energy with a comprehensive framework for analyzing alternative energy` futures. NEMS is designed with a multi-level modular structure that represents specific energy supply activities, conversion processes, and demand sectors as a series of self-contained units which are linked by an integrating mechanism. The NEMS International Energy Module (IEM) computes world oil prices and the resulting patterns of international trade in crude oil and refined products. This report is a reference document for energy analysts, model users, and the public that is intended to meet EIA`s legal obligation to provide adequate documentation for all statistical and forecast reports (Public Law 93-275, section 57(b)(1). Its purpose is to describe the structure of the IEM. Actual operation of the model is not discussed here. The report contains four sections summarizing the overall structure of the IEM and its interface with other NEMS modules, mathematical specifications of behavioral relationships, and data sources and estimation methods. Following a general description of the function and rationale of its key components, system and equation level information sufficient to permit independent evaluation of the model`s technical details is presented.

Not Available

1994-04-04

195

Chemical information media in the chemistry lecture hall: a comparative assessment of two online encyclopedias.  

PubMed

The chemistry encyclopedia Römpp Online and the German universal encyclopedia Wikipedia were assessed by first-year university students on the basis of a set of 30 articles about chemical thermodynamics. Criteria with regard to both content and form were applied in the comparison; 619 ratings (48% participation rate) were returned. While both encyclopedias obtained very good marks and performed nearly equally with regard to their accuracy, the average overall mark for Wikipedia was better than for Römpp Online, which obtained lower marks with regard to completeness and length. Analysis of the results and participants' comments shows that students attach importance to completeness, length and comprehensibility rather than accuracy, and also attribute less value to the availability of sources which validate an encyclopedia article. Both encyclopedias can be promoted as a starting reference to access a topic in chemistry. However, it is recommended that instructors should insist that students do not rely solely on encyclopedia texts, but use and cite primary literature in their reports. PMID:21138076

Korosec, Lukas; Limacher, Peter Andreas; Lüthi, Hans Peter; Brändle, Martin Paul

2010-01-01

196

Strategic petroleum reserve. Quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve serves as one of our most important investments in reducing the Nation`s vulnerability to oil supply disruptions. Its existence provides an effective response mechanism should a disruption occur and a formidable deterrent to the use of oil as a political instrument. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of December 22, 1975, (Public Law 94-163) as amended, to reduce the impact of disruptions in supplies of petroleum products and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. Section 165(a) of the Act requires the submission of Annual Reports and Section 165(b)(1) requires the submission of Quarterly Reports. This Quarterly Report highlights activities undertaken during the first quarter of calendar year 1994, including: (1) inventory of petroleum products stored in the Reserve, under contract and in transit at the end of the calendar quarter; (2) fill rate for the current quarter and projected fill rate for the next calendar quarter; (3) average price of the petroleum products acquired during the calendar quarter; (4) current and projected storage capacity; (5) analysis of existing or anticipated problems with the acquisition and storage of petroleum products, and future expansion of storage capacity; (6) funds obligated by the Secretary from the SPR Petroleum Account and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account during the prior calendar quarter and in total; and (7) major environmental actions completed, in progress, or anticipated.

Not Available

1994-05-15

197

Macmillan Encyclopedia of Chemistry (edited by Joseph J. Lagowski)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Macmillan: New York, 1997. Four volumes. Figs., tables. lxxi + 1696 pp. 22.0 x 28.5 cm. $400. ISBN 0-02-897225-2. This latest addition to Macmillan's series of comprehensive core science encyclopedias (previous sets dealt with physics and earth sciences) will be of particular interest to readers of this Journal, for it is edited by longtime Journal of Chemical Education editor Joe Lagowski, assisted by a board of five distinguished associate editors. The attractively priced set offers clear explanations of the phenomena and concepts of chemistry and its materials, whether found in industry, the laboratory, or the natural world. It is intended for a broad spectrum of readers-professionals whose work draws on chemical concepts and knowledge (e.g., material scientists, engineers, health workers, biotechnologists, mathematicians, and computer programmers), science teachers at all levels from kindergarten to high school, high school and college students interested in medicine or the sciences, college and university professors, and laypersons desiring information on practical aspects of chemistry (e.g., household cleaning products, food and food additives, manufactured materials, herbicides, the human body, sweeteners, and animal communication).

Kauffman, George B.

1998-11-01

198

Genomic encyclopedia of sugar utilization pathways in the Shewanella genus  

SciTech Connect

To address a practically and fundamentally important challenge of reconstruction of carbohydrate utilization machinery in any microorganism directly from its genomic sequence, we have established a subsystems-based comparative approach and applied it to 19 genomes from the Shewanella genus. The key stages of our approach include: (i) a homology-based identification of gene candidates using a genomic compilation of ~500 known components of sugar catabolic pathways; (ii) functional assignment of orthologs and prediction of alternative genes and pathway variants based on genomic (operons, regulons) and functional (subsystems, pathways) context analysis; (iii) validation of bioinformatic predictions by a combination of biochemical, genetic and physiological experiments. The obtained genomic encyclopedia of sugar utilization includes ~170 protein families (mostly metabolic enzymes, transporters and transcriptional regulators) spanning 17 distinct pathways with a mosaic distribution across Shewanella species providing insights into their ecophysiology and adaptive evolution. The reconstructed catabolic pathways are significantly enriched by nonorthologous gene replacements and alternative biochemical routes. Phenotypic assays revealed a remarkable consistency between predicted and observed phenotype, an ability to utilize an individual sugar as a sole source of carbon and energy, over the entire matrix of tested strains and sugars. In addition to improving our knowledge of genomics, functional organization and evolution of the sugar catabolome, this study confirmed the efficiency of the established approach, which is scalable and applicable to other groups of microorganisms.

Rodionov, Dmitry A.; Yang, Chen; Li, Xiaoqing; Rodionova, Irina A.; Wang, Yanbing; Obraztsova, Anna; Zagnitko, Olga P.; Overbeek, Ross; Romine, Margaret F.; Reed, Samantha B.; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Nealson, Kenneth H.; Osterman, Andrei L.

2010-09-13

199

Stimulated petroleum biodegradation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stimulated biodegradation has been considered as a method for removal of petroleum pollutants. Various methods have been proposed for increasing rates of petroleum biodegradation, including physical or chemical modification of petroleum polutants, modification of environmental parameters around polluting oil, and modification of microbial populations around petroleum pollutants. Physical or chemical means for stimulating petroleum biodegradation include removal of particular petroleum

Ronald M. Atlas; Richard L. Raymond

1977-01-01

200

Petroleum Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ThinkQuest is a global network of students, teachers, parents, and technologists dedicated to youth-centered learning on the internet. This page discusses the properties and formation of crude oil, including exploration techniques and tools, platforms, refinery procedures, and where to find petroleum. There are interactive games and references for more information.

Chang, Soo

201

H. R. 4564: a bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 to provide a deduction and special net operating loss rules with respect to certain losses on domestic crude oil, to increase tariffs on petroleum and petroleum products, to require the Strategic Petroleum Reserve to be filled with stripper well oil, and to eliminate certain restrictions on the sale of natural gas and on the use of natural gas and oil. Introduced in the House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session, April 10, 1986  

SciTech Connect

The Secure Energy Supply Act of 1986 amends the Internal Revenue Code of 1954. Title I provides a deduction and special net operating loss treatment for certain losses on crude oil. Title II increases tariffs on petroleum and petroleum products, the revenues of which will cover authorized refunds. Title III provides that only stripper well oil or oil exchanged for stripper well oil will be used to fill the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Title IV removes wellhead price controls and repeals Natural Gas Act jurisdiction over certain first sales of natural gas. Later titles repeal certain restrictions on the use of natural gas and petroleum, repeal incremental pricing requirements, and promote flexibility in rescheduling or marking down troubled loans. The bill was referred to the House Committees on Ways and Means, Energy and Commerce, and Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs.

Not Available

1986-01-01

202

Students' and Teachers' Perceptions of Motivation and Learning through the Use in Schools of Multimedia Encyclopedias on CD-ROM.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports results of interviews with teachers, students, and school librarians in eight United Kingdom secondary schools regarding their use of multimedia encyclopedias on CD-ROM. Focuses on a content analysis of their comments on how access to multimedia encyclopedias changes the way students learn, and how they perceive it affects their learning.…

Wishart, Jocelyn

2000-01-01

203

Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Quarterly Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the first quarter of 1982, the Department of Energy continued to expand the storage capacity for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) and to take advantage of the favorable international oil market for the purchase of oil to fill the Reserve. The ...

1982-01-01

204

LOCATION BASED CELL PHONE ACCESS TO THE WIKIPEDIA ENCYCLOPEDIA FOR M-LEARNING  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a new approach to access the content of the free Wikipedia on line encyclopedia with ordinary cell phones. No connection to the mobile Internet is required. Mobile users are able to request Wikipedia articles via SMS or via touch tone input in a voice menu. An audio representation of the requested articles will be generated in real

Andreas Bischoff

205

Parenthood in America: An Encyclopedia. Volumes 1 and 2. The American Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the view that insights from psychology, sociology, and medicine can enhance our understanding of the history of the family, this two-volume encyclopedia focuses on psychological aspects of the parent-child relationship, parenthood, and child development. Cultural, social, and historical matters and biological concepts are discussed when…

Balter, Lawrence, Ed.

206

"Treaties with American Indians: An Encyclopedia of Rights, Conflicts, and Sovereignty"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an overview of the three-volume reference set, "Treaties with American Indians: An Encyclopedia of Rights, Conflicts, and Sovereignty" published by ABC-CLIO. This reference work is edited by Donald Fixico, Arizona State University, and dedicated to the people of his tribes: (1) Shawnee; (2) Sac and Fox; (3) Seminole; and (4)…

Krueger, Karla

2009-01-01

207

Girlhood in America: An Encyclopedia. Volumes 1 and 2. The American Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Girls, who used to be second-class citizens, are now coming into their own. Still, girls' lives, their experiences, and their roles in the social, cultural, economic, and political history of the United States have been widely overlooked. This reference encyclopedia presents more than 100 signed articles by 98 high-profile interdisciplinary…

Forman-Brunell, Miriam, Ed.

208

The Family in America: An Encyclopedia. The American Family. Volumes One and Two.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the United States changes as a nation, so too, does the family. This two-volume encyclopedia takes an incisive, multidisciplinary look at the American family over the past 200 years, examining public policies, organizations and programs, health and social issues, the family constellation, researchers and theorists, and family customs and…

Hawes, Joseph M., Ed.

209

Effective Educational Programs: Meta-Findings from the Best Evidence Encyclopedia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the major series of reviews in elementary and secondary education is the Best Evidence Encyclopedia, or the BEE. Up to now, findings for systematic reviews have largely been restricted to the reviews themselves, with few cases in which lessons learned across many reviews using similar methods can be synthesized. The completion of the Best…

Slavin, Robert E.; Lake, Cynthia

2009-01-01

210

Brazilian Sign Language Lexicography and Technology: Dictionary, Digital Encyclopedia, Chereme-based Sign Retrieval, and Quadriplegic Deaf Communication Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the Brazilian Sign language digital encyclopedia, which contains a databank of 5,600 signs glossed in Portuguese and English, along with descriptions and illustrations of their signed form. (Author/VWL)

Capovilla, Fernando C.; Duduchi, Marcelo; Raphael, Walkiria D.; Luz, Renato D.; Rozados, Daniela; Capovilla, Alessandra G. S.; Macedo, Elizeu C.

2003-01-01

211

31 CFR 576.308 - Iraqi petroleum and petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Iraqi petroleum and petroleum products. 576.308 Section 576.308 Money...REGULATIONS General Definitions § 576.308 Iraqi petroleum and petroleum products. The term Iraqi...

2013-07-01

212

EcoCyc: an encyclopedia of Escherichia coli genes and metabolism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The encyclopedia of Escherichia coli genes and metab- olism (EcoCyc) is a database that combines information about the genome and the intermediary metabolism of E.coli. It describes 2034 genes, 306 enzymes encoded by these genes, 580 metabolic reactions that occur in E.coli and the organization of these reactions into 100 meta- bolic pathways. The EcoCyc graphical user interface allows query

Peter D. Karp; Monica Riley; Suzanne M. Paley; Alida Pellegrini-toole

1996-01-01

213

MURAX: a robust linguistic approach for question answering using an on-line encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Robust linguistic methods are applied to the task of answering closed-class questions using a corpus of natural language. The methods are illustrated in a broad domain: answering general-knowledge questions using an on-line encyclopedia.A closed-class question is a question stated in natural language, which assumes some definite answer typified by a noun phrase rather than a procedural answer. The methods hypothesize

Julian Kupiec

1993-01-01

214

"U-X-L Encyclopedia of U. S. History" Hones Students' Subject Search and Indexing Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article features the "U-X-L Encyclopedia of U.S. History" by Sonia Benson, Daniel E. Brannen, Jr., and Rebecca Valentine is a new eight-volume set available in print or ebook (2009). The set has 1,745 pages and 677 entries ranging from just under one page to around eight pages in length. The ebook option may be accessed through Gale Virtual…

Krueger, Karla

2010-01-01

215

Note regarding the word 'behavior' in glossaries of introductory textbooks, dictionaries, and encyclopedias devoted to psychology.  

PubMed

Glossaries of introductory textbooks in psychology, biology, and animal behavior were surveyed to find whether they induded the word 'behavior'. In addition to texts, encyclopedias and dictionaries devoted to the study of behavior were also surveyed. Of the 138 tests sampled across all three fields, only 38 (27%) included the term 'behavior' in their glossaries. Of the 15 encyclopedias and dictionaries surveyed, only 5 defined 'behavior'. To assess whether the term 'behavior' has disappeared from textbook glossaries or whether it has usually been absent, we sampled 23 introductory psychology texts written from 1886 to 1958. Only two texts contained glossaries, and the word 'behavior' was defined in both. An informal survey was conducted of students enrolled in introductory classes in psychology, biology, and animal behavior to provide data on the consistency of definitions. Students were asked to "define the word 'behavior'." Analysis indicated the definition was dependent upon the course. We suggest that future introductory textbook authors and editors of psychology-based dictionaries and encyclopedias include 'behavior' in their glossaries. PMID:16383094

Abramson, Charles I; Place, Aaron J

2005-10-01

216

Petroleum Marketing Monthly, March 1988.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in the 'Petroleum Marketing Monthly' in five sections: Summary of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products; Crude Oil Prices; Sales Prices of Petroleum Products; Sales Volu...

1988-01-01

217

Petroleum Processing Wastes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a literature review of the petroleum processing wastes, covering publications of 1977. This review covers studies such as the use of activated carbon in petroleum and petrochemical waste treatment. A list of 15 references is also presented. (HM)

Baker, D. A.

1978-01-01

218

Petroleum Supply Monthly.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Data are presented on the supply, distribution, production, storage, imports, exports, and consumption of petroleum and petroleum products in the US during July 1982. Crude oil and natural gas liquids plant production averaged 10.2 million barrels per day...

1982-01-01

219

Forecasts of petroleum demand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trends of consumption of petroleum products in Lithuania are analyzed. It is shown that these trends during the transition period to the market economy are not stable. Therefore, methods and models of the comparative analysis are proposed for the statistical modelling trends of consumption of petroleum products, comparing the relative indicators of consumption of petroleum products in transition economy and

Jonas Algirdas Kugelevi?ius; Algirdas Kuprys

2007-01-01

220

The Encyclopedia of Systems Biology and OMICS (first presentation) and The ISA Infrastructure for Multi-omics Data (second presentation) (GSC8 Meeting)  

SciTech Connect

The Genomic Standards Consortium was formed in September 2005. It is an international, open-membership working body which promotes standardization in the description of genomes and the exchange and integration of genomic data. The 2009 meeting was an activity of a five-year funding "Research Coordination Network" from the National Science Foundation and was organized held at the DOE Joint Genome Institute with organizational support provided by the JGI and by the University of California - San Diego. Eugene Kolker from Seattle Children's Hospital briefly discusses "The Encyclopedia of Systems Biology and OMICS," followed by Susanna Sansone from the EBI on "The ISA Infrastructure for multi-omics data" at the Genomic Standards Consortium's 8th meeting at the DOE JGI in Walnut Creek, Calif. on Sept. 11, 2009.

Kolker, Eugene [Seattle Children's Hospital; Susanna Sansone (EBI) [EBI

2011-09-11

221

Education and Economic Growth Chapter prepared for the International Encyclopedia of Education, 3 rd Ed  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the role of education in promoting economic growth, with a particular focus on the role of educational quality. It concludes that there is strong evidence that the cognitive skills of the population - rather than mere school attainment - are powerfully related to long-run economic growth. The relationship between skills and growth proves extremely robust in empirical

Eric A. Hanushek

2008-01-01

222

To appear in International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Characterizing the relationships between conscious and unconscious processes is one of the most important and long-standing goals of cognitive psychology. Renewed interest in the nature of consciousness — long considered not to be scientifically explorable —, as well as the increasingly widespread availability of functional brain imaging techniques, now offer the possibility of detailed exploration of the neural, behavioral, and

Axel Cleeremans

223

The American Influenza Epidemic of 1918: A Digital Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Researchers and scholars looking at historical pandemics frequently study the communities that were strongly affected by these various occurrences. However, this fascinating digital archive from the Center for the History of Medicine at the University of Michigan Medical School looks at seven communities during the 1918-1920 influenza pandemic that experienced low rates of influenza during this period. Drawing on the expertise of a team of scholars, they decided to focus their efforts on places such as the San Francisco Naval Training Station and Bryn Mawr College. Visitors can click on any of the seven communities to read an extended essay about each location, and they can then look over dozens of primary sources from the period. These sources include internal planning reports, newspaper articles, and other items. Overall, this collection is a tremendous find, and is one that should serve as an inspiration to other institutions with similar interests.

224

Encyclopedia of the History of Astronomy and Astrophysics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Preface; Part I. General Astronomy: 1. Ancient (pre-telescopy) astronomy; 2. Period overviews; 3. International Astronomical Union; Part II. The Solar System: 4. Overview - the Solar System; 5. Sun, Earth, and Moon; 6. Inner Solar System; 7. Giant planets; 8. Smaller objects; 9. Exoplanets; Part III. Stars: 10. Stars considered individually; 11. Stars considered as a group; 12. Types of stars; Part IV. Galaxies and Cosmology: 13. Milky Way; 14. Other galaxies and cosmology; Part V. General Astronomical Tools and Techniques (After 1600); Part VI. Optical Telescopes and Observatories: 15. Overview - optical telescopes and observatories; 16. Optical observatories; Part VII. Radio Telescopes, Observatories and Radar: 17. Overview - radio telescopes and observatories; 18. Early radio astronomy and observatories; 19. Later radio observatories; Part VIII. Other Ground-Based Observatories; Part IX. Solar System Exploration Spacecraft: 20. Overview - Solar System exploration spacecraft; 21. Individual Solar System spacecraft; Part X. Selected Observatory Spacecraft: 22. Overview - spacecraft observatories; 23. Individual spacecraft observatories; Name index; Subject index.

Leverington, David

2013-06-01

225

Petroleum marketing monthly  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data.

NONE

1995-11-01

226

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major U.S. geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

NONE

1996-02-01

227

Petroleum marketing annual 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Annual (PMA) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysis, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the fob and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Annual. For this production, all estimates have been recalculated since their earlier publication in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM). These calculations made use of additional data and corrections that were received after the PMM publication date.

NONE

1995-08-24

228

Radiological hazards of TENORM in the wasted petroleum pipes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disposal petroleum pipes containing sludge and scale as a technically enhanced natural occurring radioactive material (TENORM) leads to internal and external radiation hazards and then a significant radiation dose to the workers. In order to contribute to a future waste management policy related to the presence of TENORM in the disposal sites of wasted petroleum pipes, scale and sludge as

M. Abo-Elmagd; H. A. Soliman; Kh. A. Salman; N. M. El-Masry

2010-01-01

229

Petroleum marketing monthly  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly.

NONE

1996-02-01

230

Petroleum marketing monthly  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly.

NONE

1995-08-01

231

Future petroleum geologist: discussion  

SciTech Connect

Robert R. Berg's (1986) article, ''The Future Petroleum Geologist,'' summarizes the findings of the 13-member AAPG Select Committee on The Future Petroleum Geologist appointed by President William L. Fisher in July 1985. While this undertaking is laudable, particularly considering present circumstance in the petroleum industry, the committee has apparently overlooked a vital aspect concerning the future knowledge requirements of the petroleum geologist. Specifically, the Select Committee makes no mention of the need for computer literacy in its list of educational training categories. Obviously, AAPG is well aware of both the interest in computers by its membership and the increasing need for training and familiarity in this discipline. The Select Committee on The Future Petroleum Geologist, while undertaking a difficult and potentially controversial task, has omitted an important aspect of the background requirements for generations of future petroleum geologists; the committee should consider an amendment to their recommendations to reflect this increasingly important field study.

Davis, G.D.

1987-07-01

232

Petroleum marketing monthly, June 1994.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, gov...

1994-01-01

233

Petroleum: An Energy Profile 1999  

EIA Publications

Explains in layman's terms the major components and operations of the U.S. petroleum industry that include: petroleum products, resources and reserves, drilling and exploration, refining, storage and transportation, imports, exports, and petroleum marketing.

Information Center

1999-07-01

234

Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends  

EIA Publications

Examines historical trends and focuses on major petroleum issues and the events they represent. It analyzes different dimensions of the petroleum industry and related markets in terms of how they relate to the volatility in petroleum markets.

Information Center

1997-09-01

235

Petroleum marketing monthly, July 1994.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, gov...

1994-01-01

236

Petroleum Marketing Monthly, January 1988.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by...

1988-01-01

237

Legal Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, provided by Nolo Press, a publisher of self-help law books and software, is a handy compendium of brief advice on fifteen topics, including small business, patent, copyright & trademark, legal research, wills & estate planning, and real estate. Content is composed of excerpted articles from Nolo books on the topics. Also provided are annotated lists of links related to each topic. While the purpose, of course, is to sell Nolo books and software, there is much useful content here.

238

Internal standardization for the determination of cadmium, cobalt, chromium and manganese in saline produced water from petroleum industry by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry after cloud point extraction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the present paper a procedure is proposed for the determination of traces of Cd, Co, Mn and Cr in petroleum industry produced water by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. The procedure is based on cloud point extraction of these metals, as their dithizonate complexes, into the surfactant-rich phase of octylphenoxypolyethoxyethanol surfactant (Triton X-114). Extractions were carried out in solutions with salinities between 10‰ and 70‰. Since residual salinity in the surfactant-rich phase caused differences in its transport to the plasma, yttrium was used as an internal standard to correct for this effect. The simultaneous metal extraction procedure was optimized by response surface methodology using a Doehlert design and desirability function. Enhancement factors of 21, 21, 9 and 19, along with limits of quantification of 0.093, 0.20, 0.73 and 1.2 ?g L - 1 , and precision expressed as relative standard deviation ( n = 8, 20.0 ?g L - 1 ) of 5.8, 1.2, 1.7 and 5.7% were obtained for Cd, Co, Mn and Cr, respectively. The accuracy was evaluated by spike recovery tests on the high salinity water samples with salinity of 40 and 63‰.

Bezerra, Marcos Almeida; Mitihiro do Nascimento Maêda, Sérgio; Oliveira, Eliane Padua; de Fátima Batista de Carvalho, Maria; Santelli, Ricardo Erthal

2007-09-01

239

IRRADIATED PETROLEUM RESINS  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method for improving the properties of polymeric material produced by ; the Friedel-Crafts polymerization of light, cracked petroleum fractions is ; presented. The petroleum resins are mixed with a divinyl aromatic and irradiated ; at a dose rate of at least 0.1 equivalent Mr\\/hr until at least 1\\/2 equivalent Mr ; is absorbed. Resinous solids are obtained that have

J. E. Shewmaker; J. F. Nelson

1963-01-01

240

Hydrogasification of petroleum oils  

Microsoft Academic Search

The conversion of residual petroleum oils and low rank coals to high heating value gases by direct hydrogenation was investigated as a means for supplementing the increased demand for pipeline gas during the winter months. It was demonstrated in a laboratory batch reactor that 80 to nearly 100 wt.% of residual petroleum oils, and 60 to 80 wt.% of a

E. B. Jr. Shultz; K. C. Channabasappa; H. R. Linden

1956-01-01

241

Fundamentals of Petroleum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Basic information on petroleum is presented in this book prepared for naval logistics officers. Petroleum in national defense is discussed in connection with consumption statistics, productive capacity, world's resources, and steps in logistics. Chemical and geological analyses are made in efforts to familiarize methods of refining, measuring,…

Bureau of Naval Personnel, Washington, DC.

242

Petroleum development geology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book describes most of the principles and methods of petroleum geology. The tools of the petroleum geologist are discussed, including study of samples, mud logs, cores, and wire-line logs. The different types of sand bodies are described, with directions for distinguishing those deposited as beaches, river channels, and in other depositional environments, using wire-line logs and cores. Carbonate reservoirs

Dickey

1979-01-01

243

Petroleum supply monthly, April 1994  

SciTech Connect

Data presented in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographical regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the US. The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the US.

Not Available

1994-04-01

244

Elements of petroleum geology  

SciTech Connect

This work surveys the modern science of petroleum geology. Its aim is twofold: to describe generation, migration, and entrapment of oil and gas, and to outline the various procedures used in their location, evaluation, and production. Selley begins the book with an account of the physical and chemical properties of petroleum, followed by a review of the methods of petroleum exploration and production, including drilling, geophysical exploration techniques, wireline logging, and subsurface geological mapping. Selley next describes the temperatures and pressures of the subsurface environment and the composition and hydrodynamics of connate fluids. He goes on to examine the generation and migration of petroleum, reservoir rocks, and trapping mechanisms, the habitat of petroleum in sedimentary basins, and the composition and formation of tar sands and oil shales. Selley ends the book with a brief review of prospect risk analysis, reserve estimation, and other economic topics.

Selley, R.C.

1985-01-01

245

Marine petroleum source rocks  

SciTech Connect

Marine petroleum source rocks are of interest not only to petroleum geologists and geochemists but also to sedimentologists, stratigraphers and many oceanographers. This book is a collection of papers which were presented at a meeting held at the Royal Society, London, which was organized by the Petroleum Geochemistry and Marine Studies Groups of the Geological Society of London, with support from the Petroleum Exploration Society of Great Britain and various oil companies. The aim of the meeting was to bring together acknowledged experts and active workers from all the various disciplines that study marine petroleum source rocks and organic-rich marine sediments. General principles, depositional environments, especially important geographical areas and critical periods of the geological record were considered.

Brooks, J.; Fleet, A.

1986-01-01

246

19 CFR 151.47 - Optional entry of net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products. 151.47 Section 151...MERCHANDISE Petroleum and Petroleum Products § 151.47 Optional entry of net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products. Instead of stating...

2013-04-01

247

New type of electronic encyclopedia for boys and girls-an application of multimedia videos to consumer electronics  

Microsoft Academic Search

A progressive concept of an electronic encyclopedia has been proposed for boys and girls in order to satisfy their interest in nature, i.e., butterflies and\\/or wild birds. Based on the new concept, a system application has been developed utilizing the integrated technologies of the computer systems, communication networks, and consumer electronics. Center facilities and navigation are important features of the

Kayo Suzuki; Mitsuru Nagao; Akira Muraki; Hiroaki Ikeda

1997-01-01

248

The Mysterious Case of the Detective as Child Hero: Sherlock Holmes, Encyclopedia Brown and Nancy Drew as Role Models?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the mystery genre, the one characteristic that the enduring figures of Sherlock Holmes, Nancy Drew, and Encyclopedia Brown have in common is a rational mind. The source of their strength is their ability to think and think well. A study examined some typical examples of the mystery genre in young adult literature and surveyed children and…

Sugarman, Sally

249

Information-Seeking Processes of Junior High School Students: A Case Study of CD-ROM Encyclopedia Use.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the information-seeking processes of junior high school students from Inuvik, Northwest Territories (Canada) when using CD-ROM encyclopedias. Results showed that students need instruction and practice to develop skills and strategies for full-text searching, particularly generating search terms, selecting topics from a retrieved list, and…

Branch, Jennifer L.

2001-01-01

250

Petroleum and the Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

High school students should understand that environmental issues and concerns accompany both the production and consumption of petroleum. To help students explore this topic further, this article discusses how petroleum is used in everyday life, and includes a poster that is running as an insert from the American Geological Institute. If today's students are to have a role in decisions to meet the energy demands of tomorrow, they must understand petroleum's importance, its sources, how it is processed and used, the policies and regulations designed to safeguard natural resources, and global energy needs.

Camphire, Geoffrey; Hudson, Travis

2005-12-01

251

Translating the ENCyclopedia Of DNA Elements Project findings to the clinic: ENCODE's implications for eye disease.  

PubMed

Approximately 10 years after the Human Genome Project unravelled the sequence of our DNA, the ENCyclopedia Of DNA Elements (ENCODE) Project sought to interpret it. Data from the recently completed project have shed new light on the proportion of biologically active human DNA, assigning a biochemical role to much of the sequence previously considered to be 'junk'. Many of these newly catalogued functional elements represent epigenetic mechanisms involved in regulation of gene expression. Analogous to an Ishihara plate, a gene-coding region of DNA (target dots) only comes into context when the non-coding DNA (surrounding dots) is appreciated. In this review we provide an overview of the ENCODE project, discussing the significance of these data for ophthalmic research and eye disease. The novel insights afforded by the ENCODE project will in time allow for the development of new therapeutic strategies in the management of common blinding disorders. PMID:24433357

Sanfilippo, Paul G; Hewitt, Alex W

2014-01-01

252

EcoCyc: an encyclopedia of Escherichia coli genes and metabolism.  

PubMed

The encyclopedia of Escherichia coli genes and metabolism (EcoCyc) is a database that combines information about the genome and the intermediary metabolism of E.coli. It describes 2034 genes, 306 enzymes encoded by these genes, 580 metabolic reactions that occur in E.coli and the organization of these reactions into 100 metabolic pathways. The EcoCyc graphical user interface allows query and exploration of the EcoCyc database using visualization tools such as genomic map browsers and automatic layouts of metabolic pathways. EcoCyc spans the space from sequence to function to allow investigation of an unusually broad range of questions. EcoCyc can be thought of as both an electronic review article, because of its copious references to the primary literature, and as an in silico model of E.coli that can be probed and analyzed through computational means. PMID:8594595

Karp, P D; Riley, M; Paley, S M; Pelligrini-Toole, A

1996-01-01

253

Proteopedia: Exciting Advances in the 3D Encyclopedia of Biomolecular Structure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Proteopedia is a collaborative, 3D web-encyclopedia of protein, nucleic acid and other structures. Proteopedia ( http://www.proteopedia.org ) presents 3D biomolecule structures in a broadly accessible manner to a diverse scientific audience through easy-to-use molecular visualization tools integrated into a wiki environment that anyone with a user account can edit. We describe recent advances in the web resource in the areas of content and software. In terms of content, we describe a large growth in user-added content as well as improvements in automatically-generated content for all PDB entry pages in the resource. In terms of software, we describe new features ranging from the capability to create pages hidden from public view to the capability to export pages for offline viewing. New software features also include an improved file-handling system and availability of biological assemblies of protein structures alongside their asymmetric units.

Prilusky, Jaime; Hodis, Eran; Sussman, Joel L.

254

Petroleum supply monthly, January 1994  

SciTech Connect

Data presented describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States. The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States.

Not Available

1994-01-01

255

Characterization of petroleum residua.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Six petroleum residua labeled A through F were separated and characterized by a scheme developed by Western Research Institute. The residua were labeled A through F since their identities were proprietary. Each residuum was deasphaltened in heptane, and t...

J. F. Schabron G. W. Gardner J. K. Hart N. D. Niss G. Miyake

1993-01-01

256

Carbonate petroleum reservoirs  

SciTech Connect

This book presents papers on the geology of petroleum deposits. Topics considered include diagenesis, porosity, dolomite reservoirs, deposition, reservoir rock, reefs, morphology, fracture-controlled production, Cenozoic reservoirs, Mesozoic reservoirs, and Paleozoic reservoirs.

Roehl, P.O.; Choquette, P.W.

1985-01-01

257

Petroleum marketing annual 1993  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Annual (PMA) contains statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the free-on-board (f.o.b.) and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented. For this publication, all estimates have been recalculated since their earlier publication in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM). These calculations made use of additional data and corrections that were received after the PMM publication dates.

Not Available

1995-01-01

258

Opportunities For Petroleum Brownfields.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document helps stakeholders faced with brownfields that have known or suspected petroleum contamination issues learn more about these types of properties, the opportunities and challenges they present, and the ways these sites can be successfully add...

2011-01-01

259

Petroleum Depletion by Inquiry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a draft of an inquiry-based activity on peak oil. Students are asked to contribute in a whole class discussion their thoughts about petroleum use and its availability. They then work in groups to make sense of existing data on petroleum discoveries and consumption, and project future discoveries, future consumption, and the lifespan of the legacy of discovered oil. They then are asked to adjust future consumption so that oil reserves last until 2070.

Johnson, Andrew P.

260

Sedimentology and petroleum geology  

SciTech Connect

This book presents an introduction to sedimentology as well as petroleum geology. It integrates both subjects, which are closely related but mostly treated separately. The author covers the basic aspects of sedimentology, sedimentary geochemistry and diagenesis. Principles of stratigraphy, seismic stratigraphy and basin modelling forms the base for the part on petroleum geology. Subjects discussed include the composition of kerogen and hydrocarbons, theories of migration and trapping of hydrocarbons and properties of reservoir rocks. Introductions to well logging and production geology are given.

Bjorlykke, K.O. (Oslo Univ. (Norway))

1989-01-01

261

Petroleum marketing monthly, May 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly.

Not Available

1994-05-26

262

Why Do We Need Petroleum?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity students learn the importance of petroleum products by considering what it would be like to live in a world without them. After the teacher reviews some uses of petroleum as well as some problems caused by the use of petroleum, students study a worksheet that includes pictures of two houses. The houses are identical except everything made with petroleum has been taken out of the second one. Students are asked to draw replacements not made with petroleum products for the missing items and answer some questions. They learn the many ways petroleum is used in our industrial society, and the advantages and disadvantages of its use.

O'Neill, Brian; Kopaska-Merkel, David

263

15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 754 - Petroleum and Petroleum Products  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Petroleum and Petroleum Products No. Supplement No. 1...Part 754âPetroleum and Petroleum Products This supplement provides...refined for further refining. Petroleum Products 2804.29.0010...

2010-01-01

264

Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 2nd edition, 6 volumes set  

SciTech Connect

PREFACE TO SECOND EDITION The science of the ultra small nanoscience has dramatically exploded during the last few years, and the technologies operating with ultra small things the nanotechnologies acquired quickly a firm position in today s world of business, technological development, and public perception. Several factors contributed to the acceleration of scientific knowledge and technological progress in the last decades, among which the rapid development of fast computers, availability of high-resolution analytical techniques, and the progress of molecular biology and genetics are probably the most important. The result was an unprecedented expansion of the frontiers of science, which empowered the human genius with unlimited options of top-down and bottom-up methods for manipulation of materials structure and control of properties at multiple levels, from atomic to molecular, supramolecular, and biomolecular. Already a distinctive mark of 21st century, nanoscience and nanotechnology will certainly have a steadily increasing influence on the quality of life and the environment of this Planet for centuries to come. Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Second Edition provides a comprehensive and detailed review, from multiple angles, of major developments in the human s quest for understanding and mastering of physical, chemical and biological objects and structures having at least one dimension smaller than about 100 nm. Under the expert supervision of the late Professor James A. Schwarz, Marcel Dekker, Inc. published the first edition in 2004 to great acclaim. The success of first edition, the development of the title through online updates, and the dynamics of this continuously growing field has created a high demand for a second edition only four years after the first edition. The second edition offers updated and revised entries, along with many additions that reflect the focus towards energy and environmental issues currently in the news. The new edition is expanded to six volumes. All entry titles have been revised to better reflect to the entry's content, while optimized for alphabetical listing. In addition, a comprehensive (though not exhaustive) topical table of contents has been designed, structured on 24 major topics and almost 100 subtopics. With a robust and efficient indexing system and staggered bleed tabs, this second print edition will be a useful reference tool for scientists in academia and national laboratories, engineers, students, as well as entrepreneurs, policy makers, and opinion builders. The online version of the Encyclopedia offers quick access to individual entries in HTML or PDF format, enriched graphical content, hundreds of color illustrations and photographs, and an efficient keyword search engine. Cristian I. Contescu Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA Karol Putyera Shiva Technologies, Syracuse, New York, USA July 2008

Contescu, Cristian I [ORNL] [ORNL; Putyera, Karol [Shiva Technologies, Syracuse NY] [Shiva Technologies, Syracuse NY

2008-01-01

265

Role of the national petroleum company in petroleum development market.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The present century started with the creation of national petroleum companies, and it ends with those national petroleum companies exerting various types of efforts to increase the efficiency of their management. Especially, the efforts of these national ...

B. J. Lee

1997-01-01

266

Petroleum Market Shares. Report on Sales of Refined Petroleum Products.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Monthly report shows estimated data collected in survey questionnaires submitted to the DOE by selected samples of refiners and independent marketers of refined petroleum products. Refiner sales distribution and market shares for petroleum products to ult...

1978-01-01

267

[Mathematics, natural sciences and technology--parts of the encyclopedia Die Kultur der Gegenwart (The culture of today)].  

PubMed

The paper explores the trend of the early 20th century to consolidate mathematics, natural sciences, medicine and technology under the umbrella of one integrative culture--a tendency which contrasts with the increasing mainstream trend of separating the humanities from the natural sciences. The unifying umbrella was framed by the great encyclopedia Die Kultur der Gegenwart which was published by B. G. Teubner from 1905 to 1925 and was planned to run up to 62 volumes. We analyze the quantitative rate of the parts devoted to the humanities, the natural sciences and technology, respectively, the degree to which these parts were completed in this encyclopedia. In particular, we investigate the role of mathematicians and their reasons to find a classification for the mathematical, natural scientific and engineering parts of culture as well as their reasons, to win Nobel prize winners and other famous scientists to become co-editors and authors. We examine the published volumes in the fields of mathematics, chemistry, physics, astronomy and technology in order to show what type of publication--professional or popular--was intended. Furthermore, we illuminate how the educational reform of mathematics, natural sciences and technology of this period--which included a reform of girls' and women's education--was reflected in the encyclopedia Die Kultur der Gegenwart. PMID:19044041

Tobies, Renate

2008-03-01

268

Petroleum marketing annual, 1992  

SciTech Connect

This publication contains statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the free-on-board (f.o.b.) and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1993-07-01

269

Petroleum marketing monthly, March 1991.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, pri...

1991-01-01

270

Petroleum marketing monthly, June 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in five sections: Summary Statistics; Crude Oil Prices; Prices of Petroleum Products; Volumes of Petroleum Products; and Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products for Local Consumption. The feature article is entitled ``The Second Oxygenated Gasoline Season.`` 7 figs., 50 tabs.

Not Available

1994-06-01

271

Petroleum supply monthly, August 1994  

SciTech Connect

Data presented in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

Not Available

1994-08-26

272

The Encyclopedia of Life v2: Providing Global Access to Knowledge About Life on Earth  

PubMed Central

Abstract The Encyclopedia of Life (EOL, http://eol.org) aims to provide unprecedented global access to a broad range of information about life on Earth. It currently contains 3.5 million distinct pages for taxa and provides content for 1.3 million of those pages. The content is primarily contributed by EOL content partners (providers) that have a more limited geographic, taxonomic or topical scope. EOL aggregates these data and automatically integrates them based on associated scientific names and other classification information. EOL also provides interfaces for curation and direct content addition. All materials in EOL are either in the public domain or licensed under a Creative Commons license. In addition to the web interface, EOL is also accessible through an Application Programming Interface. In this paper, we review recent developments added for Version 2 of the web site and subsequent releases through Version 2.2, which have made EOL more engaging, personal, accessible and internationalizable. We outline the core features and technical architecture of the system. We summarize milestones achieved so far by EOL to present results of the current system implementation and establish benchmarks upon which to judge future improvements. We have shown that it is possible to successfully integrate large amounts of descriptive biodiversity data from diverse sources into a robust, standards-based, dynamic, and scalable infrastructure. Increasing global participation and the emergence of EOL-powered applications demonstrate that EOL is becoming a significant resource for anyone interested in biological diversity.

2014-01-01

273

Complex Networks in Different Languages: A Study of an Emergent Multilingual Encyclopedia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is an increasing interest to the study of complex networks in an interdisciplinary way. Language, as a complex network, has been a part of this study due to its importance in human life. Moreover, the Internet has also been at the center of this study by making access to large amounts of information possible. With these ideas in mind, this work aims to evaluate conceptual networks in different languages with the data from a large and open source of information in the Internet, namely Wikipedia. As an evolving multilingual encyclopedia that can be edited by any Internet user, Wikipedia is a good example of an emergent complex system. In this paper, different from previous work on conceptual networks which usually concentrated on single languages, we concentrate on possible ways to compare the usages of different languages and possibly the underlying cultures. This also involves the analysis of local network properties around certain coneepts in different languages. For an initial evaluation, the concept "family" is used to compare the English and German Wikipedias. Although, the work is currently at the beginning, the results are promising.

Pembe, F. Canan; Bingol, Haluk

274

Petroleum migration and reservoir filling  

Microsoft Academic Search

The organic constituents of petroleum reservoirs frequently show measurable compositional variations both laterally (between wells) and vertically (within a single well). The pattern of variation is controlled by the geological setting of the reservoir, which influences the way in which migrating petroleum fills the reservoir from one or more source kitchens. Having achieved a high petroleum pore saturation, the reservoir

1991-01-01

275

Chemical Principles Revisited: Petroleum Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an historical review of the role of petroleum in world history and information on the chemistry of petroleum. It is suggested that petroleum chemistry be discussed since within the next two decades oil and gas will provide the major portion of U.S. energy. (Author/SA)

Kolb, Doris; Kolb, Kenneth E.

1979-01-01

276

Africa's Petroleum Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This presentation on Africa's petroleum industry makes the following key points: (1) West Africa is a strategic supplier to the U.S./global market, (2) Africa's role in the global market is expected to increase in the medium term, (3) China and India repr...

D. L. Goldwyn

2005-01-01

277

Petroleum and Refineries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Today about 3000 products can be derived from the hydrocarbon molecules of petroleum. The refinery process is in the centre of the mineral oil flow. Upon arrival of the crude oil at the refinery, the large scope of mineral oil processing sets in. This pub...

1983-01-01

278

Petroleum lands and leasing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a reference book for the lessor, lessee, royalty owner, PLM student and landman. Contents: A historical background; Rights of ownership; Instruments of conveyance; Who owns this land. The oil and gas lease and leasing procedures; Curing titles; Pooling and utilization; Contracts and agreements; Lease maintenance; Land measurements and descriptions; Code of ethics; American Association of Petroleum Landmen; Glossary.

Burk

1984-01-01

279

Petroleum Vapor - Field Technical  

EPA Science Inventory

The screening approach being developed by EPA OUST to evaluate petroleum vapor intrusion (PVI) requires information that has not be routinely collected in the past at vapor intrusion sites. What is the best way to collect this data? What are the relevant data quality issues and ...

280

Strategic Petroleum Reserve.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The House passed H.R. 6, the Energy Policy Act of 2005, on April 21, 2005 (249- 183). The legislation would permanently authorize the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) and require, as expeditiously as practicable, expansion of the SPR to its authorized ma...

R. Bamberger

2005-01-01

281

Petroleum supply monthly, January 1996  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

NONE

1996-02-15

282

Petroleum supply monthly, June 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

Not Available

1994-06-28

283

Petroleum supply monthly, October 1993  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

Not Available

1993-10-26

284

Petroleum supply monthly, May 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum supply annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

Not Available

1994-05-27

285

Petroleum supply monthly, September 1991  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of three publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other two publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR) and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administrations for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 states and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in Primary Supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections (1) the Summary Statistics and (2) the Detailed Statistics. 65 tabs.

Not Available

1991-09-30

286

Petroleum Supply Monthly, August 1990  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of three publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other two publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR) and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) district movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in Primary Supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections (1) the Summary Statistics and (2) the Detailed Statistics.

Not Available

1990-10-30

287

Petroleum Supply Monthly, July 1990  

SciTech Connect

Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 states and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in Primary Supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States.

Not Available

1990-09-28

288

International energy annual 1996  

SciTech Connect

The International Energy Annual presents an overview of key international energy trends for production, consumption, imports, and exports of primary energy commodities in over 220 countries, dependencies, and areas of special sovereignty. Also included are population and gross domestic product data, as well as prices for crude oil and petroleum products in selected countries. Renewable energy reported in the International Energy Annual includes hydroelectric power, geothermal, solar, and wind electric power, biofuels energy for the US, and biofuels electric power for Brazil. New in the 1996 edition are estimates of carbon dioxide emissions from the consumption of petroleum and coal, and the consumption and flaring of natural gas. 72 tabs.

NONE

1998-02-01

289

International energy annual 1995  

SciTech Connect

The International Energy Annual presents information and trends on world energy production and consumption for petroleum, natural gas, coal, and electricity. Production and consumption data are reported in standard units as well as British thermal units (Btu). Trade and reserves are shown for petroleum, natural gas, and coal. Data are provided on crude oil refining capacity and electricity installed capacity by type. Prices are included for selected crude oils and for refined petroleum products in selected countries. Population and Gross Domestic Product data are also provided.

NONE

1996-12-01

290

Plotting the Petroleum Plume  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity students study a cross-section showing the different soil layers and zones in a typical water table aquifer setting and also a cross-section of a monitoring well. Students discover that monitoring wells are constructed to determine water table elevations and to determine the amount or concentration of different chemical compounds (pollution) in the groundwater. They also learn that monitoring wells are very useful in determining if there has been a leak or spill of petroleum fuel oil from fuel tank farms (where fuel oil is stored in huge tanks) or gas stations. During this activity students learn the difference between confining layers and aquifers in a basic water table aquifer scenario, gain an understanding of how monitoring wells are constructed and used in the field, and are able to contour groundwater elevation and petroleum product thickness data. This site also includes directions to construct a demonstration monitoring well.

291

Sedimentology and petroleum geology  

SciTech Connect

In this introduction to sedimentology and petroleum geology the subjects, which are closely related but mostly treated separately, are integrated. The first part covers the basic aspects of sedimentology, sedimentary geochemistry and diagenesis, including brief discussions of flow in rivers and channels, types of sediment transport, lake and river deposits, deltas (river-dominated, tide-dominated, and wave-dominated) and the water budget. Principles of stratigraphy, seismic stratigraphy and basin modeling form the basis for the last part on petroleum geology. Here subjects include the composition of kerogen and hydrocarbons, theories of migration and trapping of hydrocarbons and properties of reservoir rocks. Finally, short introductions to well logging and production geology are given.

Bjorlykke, K.

1989-01-01

292

World petroleum markets  

SciTech Connect

This book summarizes the principal factors that influence long-run conditions in petroleum markets. It presents a framework for projecting crude oil prices, based on leasing economic indicators, that may be more reliable than other forecasting approaches. The report is based on analysis of oil market conditions over more than 100 years. The approach assumes that the oil market produces cyclical patterns in industry activity and oil prices that are projectable in the long run.

Not Available

1988-01-01

293

China's petroleum reserves  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perhaps because of declining yields inland, the People's Republic of China has moved to its storm-ridden coast to develop additional petroleum reserves. During 1979 and 1980, 44 foreign oil-exploration companies engaged in what has been termed the world's record ``seismic shoot'' over 411,000 km2 extending from the Yellow Sea through the South China Sea, and including Beibu Wan (Gulf of

Peter M. Bell

1983-01-01

294

Allocation of energy use in petroleum refineries to petroleum products  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim, Scope, and Background  Studies to evaluate the energy and emission impacts of vehicle\\/fuel systems have to address allocation of the energy use and\\u000a emissions associated with petroleum refineries to various petroleum products because refineries produce multiple products.\\u000a The allocation is needed in evaluating energy and emission effects of individual transportation fuels. Allocation methods\\u000a used so far for petroleum-based fuels (e.g.,

Michael Wang; Hanjie Lee; John Molburg

2004-01-01

295

Comparison of the performance and emissions of different biodiesel blends against petroleum diesel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biodiesel, an alternative fuel of petroleum diesel, is mainly used to reduce the environmental impact of emissions without modifying engines. This study compares the performance and emissions characteristics of different biodiesel blends with petroleum diesel using an internal combustion engine (Kubota V3300) and following ISO 8178 standards. Two types of biodiesel, type A (80% tallow and 20% canola oil methyl

P. McCarthy; M. G. Rasul; S. Moazzem

2011-01-01

296

19 CFR 151.47 - Optional entry of net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Optional entry of net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products. 151.47 Section 151.47 Customs...EXAMINATION, SAMPLING, AND TESTING OF MERCHANDISE Petroleum and Petroleum Products § 151.47 Optional...

2009-04-01

297

19 CFR 151.47 - Optional entry of net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Optional entry of net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products. 151.47 Section 151.47 Customs...EXAMINATION, SAMPLING, AND TESTING OF MERCHANDISE Petroleum and Petroleum Products § 151.47 Optional...

2010-04-01

298

Petroleum marketing monthly, August 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product Sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly.

Not Available

1994-08-15

299

Petroleum marketing monthly, September 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum product sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly.

Not Available

1994-09-01

300

Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Elsevier Science, full access to the Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering is temporarily free. The objective of the journal is to "bridge the gap between petroleum engineering and petroleum geology by publishing explicitly written articles intelligible to scientists and engineers working in any field of petroleum engineering or petroleum geology."

301

Production of petroleum polymer resins  

Microsoft Academic Search

In other countries, petroleum polymer resins are being used successfully in large volumes. In the U.S. in 1982, for example, 128,000 tonnes of petroleum polymer resins were produced [2], much of which was used in the paint and varnish industry. In commercial production in the USSR are a dark-colored styrene-lndene resin and light-colored petroleum polymer resins of two types --

Yu. V. Dumskii; M. E. Belyakov; A. K. Suroto; G. F. Cherednikova; L. B. Grin'ko

1988-01-01

302

Petroleum supply monthly: December 1993  

SciTech Connect

Data are presented which describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major U.S. geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States. Data are presented in two sections: Summary Statistics, presenting a time series of selected petroleum data on a U.S. level, and Detailed Statistics, presenting statistics for the most current month available as well as year to date.

Not Available

1993-12-01

303

Geoscience indexing at petroleum abstracts  

SciTech Connect

Geoscience literature received by Petroleum Abstracts Information System is indexed by Scientist with field experience. The indexing consists of relating concepts produced by the author to a controlled vocabulary used at Petroleum Abstracts. The primary emphasis of selection of the literature at Petroleum Abstracts is petroleum-related, but not petroleum restricted. Geoscience literature indexed at Petroleum Abstracts comprises the following subjects: Geology, Geochemistry, Geophysics, and Mineral Commodities. The depth of indexing attributed to each article does in fact depend on the amount of petroleum-related subject matter in the article. Once the indexing is completed, the abstract is then cut to approximately 150 words. The scientist who indexes at Petroleum Abstracts is not expected to know or remember every detail or concept ever published. But he or she is expected to be able to go to an atlas, dictionary, or any other reference material available and apply the concepts to a controlled vocabulary. This is somewhat of a restriction on scientists, but it is the only way to maintain any kind of consistency in the indexing. Successful searching of the Petroleum Abstracts Information System can be accomplished with an understanding of the indexing strategy and the importance and necessity of referencing the thesauri controlled vocabulary. It may be more time-consuming, but will certainly be more accurate in the retrieval of the information.

Finnegan, M.A.

1985-01-01

304

The StarDate Black Hole Encyclopedia Website blackholes.stardate.org  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The StarDate Black Hole Encyclopedia website was developed over the past seven years to provide an extensive but easy-to-read resource for the public and students. A Spanish-language version, Enciclopedia de agujeros negros, is also available at blackholes.radiouniverso.org. Evaluation shows that the sites are used by the public, students, and astronomy professionals, and the site is among the top references in most web searches for individual black holes. The site comprises seven major subsections: Basics, Directory, Research, History, Pop Culture, News, and Resources. The Basics section introduces black holes, explains how they are discovered and studied, and covers their basis in the theory of gravity. This section also includes a six-minute video introduction, “Black Holes: Stranger than Fiction.” The Directory section contains extensive descriptions of more than 80 well-known stellar, intermediate, and supermassive black holes as well as images and vital statistics of each. The Research section takes a look at three NSF-funded projects, including the work of Andrea Ghez, Karl Gebhardt and Jenny Greene, and the LIGO project. The History section provides a timeline of black holes from Isaac Newton to the present. Some of the best and worst roles played by black holes in films, TV shows, and books are included in the Pop Culture section (and pop culture references and images are sprinkled through the rest of the site). An archive of news reports about black holes is available in the News section, which provides links to the original stories or press releases. And the Resources section offers FAQs, articles from StarDate magazine and radio programs, activities for students that are tied to national standards, a glossary, and a reading list of books and websites. We have conducted both quantitative and qualitative evaluation on the black hole websites. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0935841. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

Gebhardt, Karl; Benningfield, D.; Preston, S.

2013-01-01

305

National strategic petroleum reserve.  

PubMed

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve is intended to reduce the vulnerability of the United States to interruptions in the oil supply from foreign sources. Storage for 248 million barrels of crude oil in salt caverns and mines, with equipment for pumping and distribution, was constructed and operationally tested in a 4-year period. Its present inventory is the largest known crude oil reserve in the world. Facilities for expanding the reserve's capacity by another 290 million barrels are being developed by solution-mining in salt domes. PMID:17847458

Davis, R M

1981-08-01

306

76 FR 53889 - National Petroleum Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY National Petroleum Council AGENCY: Department of Energy...notice announces a meeting of the National Petroleum Council. The Federal Advisory Committee...Properly Brought Before the National, Petroleum Council, Adjournment. Public...

2011-08-30

307

77 FR 42297 - National Petroleum Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY National Petroleum Council AGENCY: Department of Energy...notice announces a meeting of the National Petroleum Council. The Federal Advisory Committee...Properly Brought Before the National Petroleum Council Adjournment Public...

2012-07-18

308

78 FR 40131 - National Petroleum Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY National Petroleum Council AGENCY: Office of Fossil Energy...notice announces a meeting of the National Petroleum Council. The Federal Advisory Committee...Properly Brought Before the National Petroleum Council Adjournment Public...

2013-07-03

309

Petroleum allocation model. Technical memorandum No. 78-1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper documents a procedure developed by the Energy Information Administration of the Department of Energy to forecast international trade patterns in crude oil and refined products. This methodology is used to estimate future sources of petroleum imports to the United States and to calculate expected shortfalls in those imports that would result from supply interruptions. The procedure is computerized

Kilgore

1977-01-01

310

Safety and Health in the Construction of Fixed Offshore Installations in the Petroleum Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A meeting convened by the ILO (International Labor Office) on safety problems in the offshore petroleum industry recommended the preparation of a code of practice setting out standards for safety and health during the construction of fixed offshore instal...

1981-01-01

311

Future petroleum energy resources of the world  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Is the world running out of oil? Where will future oil and gas supplies come from? To help answer these questions, in 2000 the U.S. Geological Survey completed a new world assessment, exclusive of the United States, of the undiscovered conventional oil and gas resources and potential additions to reserves from field growth.2 One hundred and twenty-eight provinces were assessed in a 100 man-year effort from 1995-2000. The assessed provinces included 76 priority provinces containing 95% of the world's discovered oil and gas and an additional 52 "boutique" provinces, many of which may be highly prospective. Total Petroleum Systems (TPS) were identified and described for each of these provinces along with associated Assessment Units (AU) that are the basic units for assessing undiscovered petroleum. The assessment process coupled geologic analysis with a probabilistic methodology to estimate remaining potential. Within the 128 assessed provinces were 159 TPS and 274 AU. For these provinces, the endowment of recoverable oil-which includes cumulative production, remaining reserves, reserve growth, and undiscovered resources-is estimated at about 3 trillion barrels of oil (TBO). The natural gas endowment is estimated at 2.6 trillion barrels of oil equivalent (TBOE). Oil reserves are currently 1.1 TBO; world consumption is about .028 TBO per year. Natural gas reserves are about 0.8 TBOE; world consumption is about 0.014 TBOE per year. Thus, without any additional discoveries of oil, gas or natural gas liquids, we have about 2 TBOE of proved petroleum reserves. Of the oil and gas endowment of about 5.6 TBOE, we estimate that the world has consumed about 1 TBOE, or 18%, leaving about 82% of the endowment to be utilized or found. Half of the world's undiscovered potential is offshore. Arctic basins with about 25% of undiscovered petroleum resources make up the next great frontier. An additional 279 provinces contain some oil and gas and, if considered, would increase the oil and gas endowment estimates. Whereas petroleum resources in the world appear to be significant, certain countries such as the United States may run into import deficits, particularly oil imports from Mexico and natural gas from both Canada and Mexico. The new assessment has been used as the reference supply case in energy supply models by the International Energy Agency and the Energy Information Agency of the Department of Energy. Climate energy modeling groups such as those at Stanford University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and others have also used USGS estimates in global climate models. Many of these models using the USGS estimates converge on potential oil shortfalls in 2036-2040. However, recent articles using the USGS (2000) estimates suggest peaking of oil in 2020-2035 and peaking of non-OPEC (Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries) oil in 2015-2020. Such a short time framework places greater emphasis on a transition to increased use of natural gas; i.e., a methane economy. Natural gas in turn may experience similar supply concerns in the 2050-2060 time frame according to some authors. Coal resources are considerable and provide significant petroleum potential either by extracting natural gas from them, by directly converting them into petroleum products, or by utilizing them to generate electricity, thereby reducing natural gas and oil requirements by fuel substitution. Non-conventional oil and gas are quite common in petroleum provinces of the world and represent a significant resources yet to be fully studied and developed. Seventeen non-conventional AU including coal-bed methane, basin-center gas, continuous oil, and gas hydrate occurrences have been preliminarily identified for future assessment. Initial efforts to assess heavy oil deposits and other non-conventional oil and gas deposits also are under way.

Ahlbrandt, T. S.

2002-01-01

312

Unconventional petroleum resources of California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unconventional petroleum resources are naturally occurring deposits of liquid and solid hydrocarbons that have not been fully exploited due to unfavorable economics or inadequate technology. Most unconventional petroleum resources fall into the ultraheavy oil or tar sands category; unconventional oils are normally below 10° API. The distribution, physical characteristics, and potential of some of the nine significant unconventional deposits in

Hallmark

1979-01-01

313

World petroleum resources and reserves  

Microsoft Academic Search

Up to 1965 the world produced and consumed only 10% of the oil available on this planet; between 1965 and 2040 we will use up 80% of the remaining reserves, leaving only 10% of the resource for the years to follow. Clearly, the epoch of petroleum is a transitory one. Nevertheless, petroleum is at present the most important component of

Riva; J. P. Jr

1983-01-01

314

Unconventional petroleum resources in California  

SciTech Connect

Unconventional petroleum deposits found in California are discussed. The presence of diatomaceous oil shales and methods of recovery are described. Locations of these deposits are given. Ultraheavy oil and tar sands are also discussed. The locations of tar sand fields are given. The need for identifying and quantifying the potential of these petroleum resources is presented. (DC)

Hallmark, F.O.

1980-01-01

315

Partial oxidation of petroleum coke  

Microsoft Academic Search

This patent describes a process for the partial oxidation of particulate petroleum coke substantially comprising carbon and containing a small amount of ash comprising vanadium constituents and other materials to produce in a gas generating zone a raw gaseous stream. The stream comprises hydrogen and carbon monoxide and contains entrained unconverted particulate petroleum coke comprising carbon and vanadium containing ash.

S. R. Vasconcellos; M. S. Najjar; J. R. Pascoe

1987-01-01

316

Job Prospects for Petroleum Engineers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes petroleum engineering as one area in industry where job opportunities are few but where the worst of the declines has been seen. Discusses the causes of the decline. Lists several areas where petroleum engineers have found alternatives including environmental projects, water supply projects, and computer applications. (CW)

Basta, Nicholas

1988-01-01

317

Petroleum occurrences and plate tectonics  

SciTech Connect

This paper analyzes the mechanisms of petroleum formation and petroleum accumulation proposed in recent years by some Russian and foreign investigators from the viewpoint of the new global or plate tectonics. On the basis of discussion and the facts, the authors conclude that the mechanisms proposed are in contradiction to reality and their use in practical application is at least premature.

Olenin, V.B.; Sokolov, B.A.

1983-01-01

318

CONTEXT-AWARE MOBILE LEARNING WITH PEDIAPHON - A TEXT-TO-SPEECH INTERFACE TO THE FREE WIKIPEDIA ENCYCLOPEDIA FOR CELL PHONES AND MP3-PLAYERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an approach to generate audio based learning material dynamically from web pages for m-Learning and ubiquitous access. It introduces Pediaphon (an audio interface to the free Wikipedia online encyclopedia) as an example application for microlearning. The effective generation and the deployment of the audio data to the user via podcast or progressive download (pseudo streaming) are covered.

Andreas Bischoff

319

Petroleum marketing monthly, July 1993  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1993-07-15

320

Petroleum marketing monthly, May 1988  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the fob and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners' acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1988-07-29

321

Petroleum marketing monthly, August 1993  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1993-08-10

322

Non-puffing petroleum coke  

SciTech Connect

Very fine particle size chromic oxide is dispersed in a high sulfur petroleum coker feedstock before or during delayed coking to produce a needle coke with low cte and negligible puffing on heating to the temperature of graphitization.

Grindstaff, L.I.; Hsu, H.L.; Whittaker, M.P.

1982-01-26

323

Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Quarterly Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The August 15, 1987, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities undertaken with respect to the development of the Reserve during the period April 1, 1987 through June 30, 1987. The program background and major activities of this qua...

1987-01-01

324

Biological Remediation of Petroleum Contaminants  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Large volumes of hazardous wastes are generated in the form of oily sludges and contaminated soils during crude oil transportation\\u000a and processing. Although many physical, chemical and biological treatment technologies are available for petroleum contaminants\\u000a petroleum contaminants in soil, biological methods have been considered the most cost-effective. Practical biological remediation\\u000a methods typically involve direct use of the microbes naturally occurring

Ramesh Chander Kuhad; Rishi Gupta

2009-01-01

325

China's petroleum reserves  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Perhaps because of declining yields inland, the People's Republic of China has moved to its storm-ridden coast to develop additional petroleum reserves. During 1979 and 1980, 44 foreign oil-exploration companies engaged in what has been termed the world's record “seismic shoot” over 411,000 km2 extending from the Yellow Sea through the South China Sea, and including Beibu Wan (Gulf of Tonkin), the bay lying east of Hanoi and west of Hainan Island. These offshore oil reserves are estimated to be 40-100 billion barrels.The seas off the mainland are relatively shallow (most drilling has been done in less than 100 m) but they are stormy. According to a recent description, “Typhoons can … occur in the area at almost any time of the year, and the strong winds (160 km h-1 or more) which they generate frequently wreak havoc in the Philippines, Vietnam, China, and occasionally, Hong Kong. Typhoon Vera, which hit southern China in late July, did immense damage and claimed dozens of lives. The main implications for oil operation naturally relate to rig design and safety measures but onshore facilities will also have to be designed accordingly” (New Scientist, Sept. 8, 1983).

Bell, Peter M.

326

Real time monitoring of petroleum leakage detection using etched fiber Bragg grating  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Detection of petroleum leakages in pipelines and storage tanks is a very important as it may lead to significant pollution of the environment, accidental hazards, and also it is a very important fuel resource. Petroleum leakage detection sensor based on fiber optics was fabricated by etching the fiber Bragg grating (FBG) to a region where the total internal reflection is affected. The experiment shows that the reflected Bragg's wavelength and intensity goes to zero when etched FBG is in air and recovers Bragg's wavelength and intensity when it is comes in contact with petroleum or any external fluid. This acts as high sensitive, fast response fluid optical switch in liquid level sensing, petroleum leakage detection etc. In this paper we present our results on using this technique in petroleum leakage detection.

Shivananju, B. N.; Kiran, M.; Nithin, S. P.; Vidya, M. J.; Hegde, G. M.; Asokan, S.

2013-06-01

327

21 CFR 178.3530 - Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic. 178.3530...Production Aids § 178.3530 Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic. Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic, may...

2013-04-01

328

Petroleum 1996 - issues and trends  

SciTech Connect

Increasingly, users of the Energy Information Administration`s petroleum data and analytical reports have expressed an interest in a recurring report that takes a broad view of the petroleum sector. What is sought is some perspective on the complex interrelationships that comprise an industry and markets accounting for 40 percent of the energy consumed in the United States and ranging from the drilling rig in the oil field to the pump at the local gasoline station. This report comprehensively examines historical trends, and selectively focuses on major issues and the events they represent. It analyzes different dimensions of the industry and related markets in terms of how they relate to a common theme, in this case, the volatility in petroleum markets.

NONE

1997-09-01

329

Magnetic susceptibility of petroleum fluids  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Technological progress in petroleum exploration, production and processing requires a profound knowledge of the magnetic properties of the petroleum fluids. However, as far as we know there are not widely available constants of magnetic susceptibility for the majority of petroleum fluids. We have therefore measured the mass magnetic susceptibility (?_m) of several petroleum fluids (such as crude oils, refined oil fractions, and formation waters) from local and worldwide sites. The magnetic features of natural reservoir petroleum fluids, together with fluids connected with the petroleum industry (such as drilling fluids etc.), fall into the following categories: diamagnetic solutions, paramagnetic suspensions and ferromagnetic "ferrofluid" suspensions. In the current investigations we have concentrated on the natural reservoir fluids, which are generally diamagnetic. There were distinct differences between the ?_m of the crude oils and the formation waters, with the oils having generally a more negative value of ?_m. The magnetic susceptibility of the oils appears to be related to their main physical and chemical properties, such as density, composition of group hydrocarbons, sulphur content and concentration of organometallic compounds. Low acidity and low sulphur oils have more negative values of ?_m. Light fractions of crude oil consisting mainly of paraffinic and naphtenic hydrocarbons are the most diamagnetic. The content of the less diamagnetic aromatics increases in the kerosene and gas oil fractions, and results in an increase in the magnetic susceptibility. Also, the magnetic susceptibility of the heavy oil fraction has a significantly higher ?_m than the light fractions, which appears to be connected with a higher concentration of paramagnetic components in the heavy fraction. The ?_m of the oil from various oil provinces were compared and found to be different. It seems that values of ?_m reflect specific features of the geological conditions for the oil and the geochemical history of the oil provinces.

Ivakhnenko, O. P.; Potter, D. K.

2003-04-01

330

Taks 8: Reducing Power Production Costs by Utilizing Petroleum Coke.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Petroleum coke, a byproduct of the petroleum-refining process, is an attractive primary or supplemental fuel for power production primarily because of a progressive and predictable increase in the production volumes of petroleum coke. Petroleum coke is mo...

K. C. Galbreath D. L. Toman C. J. Zygarlicke

1999-01-01

331

Plan for effective distribution of petroleum products.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Petroleum products take up the largest share of total domestic logistics as a single product in Korea. As the level of refinery technology gets standardized between countries and enterprises, to secure competitive power of petroleum product largely depend...

D. S. Lee

1998-01-01

332

77 FR 2714 - National Petroleum Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY National Petroleum Council AGENCY: Office of Fossil Energy, Department of Energy...Administration, notice is hereby given that the National Petroleum Council has been renewed for a two-year period,...

2012-01-19

333

75 FR 48320 - National Petroleum Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY National Petroleum Council AGENCY: Department of Energy, Office of Fossil Energy...SUMMARY: This notice announces a meeting of the National Petroleum Council. The Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L....

2010-08-10

334

Petroleum resources on the Norwegian continental shelf.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The overall objective of the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate (NPD) is to maximize the creation of value on the Norwegian continental shelf by promoting the sound management of petroleum resources having a balanced regard for the natural, safety-related, e...

1995-01-01

335

The Optics Encyclopedia: Basic Foundations and Practical Applications, 5 Volumes Set  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Written by internationally recognized experts, the high quality of the articles provides dependable information on topics of current interest in industrial and academic research as well as background knowledge. Covering both theoretical and applied optics, each article has not only a list of references cited in the text but also a guide to further reading. Each article also concludes with a glossary containing the technical terms necessary for the topic under consideration. Throughout, the subject matter is treated in a tutorial, user-friendly way rather than as a pure reference and is supplemented by references cited in the text and a listing of important reviews and books.

Brown, Thomas G.; Creath, Katherine; Kogelnik, Herwig; Kriss, Michael A.; Schmit, Joanna; Weber, Marvin J.

2004-03-01

336

31 CFR 576.206 - Protection granted to the Development Fund for Iraq, Iraqi Petroleum and Petroleum Products, and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Protection granted to the Development Fund for Iraq, Iraqi Petroleum and Petroleum Products, and the Central Bank of Iraq. 576...Protection granted to the Development Fund for Iraq, Iraqi Petroleum and Petroleum Products, and the Central Bank...

2013-07-01

337

Petroleum industry in Iran  

SciTech Connect

This study examines the oil industry in Iran from the early discovery of oil nearly two hundred years ago in Mazandaran (north part) to the development of a giant modern industry in the twentieth century. Chapter I presents a brief historical setting to introduce the reader to the importance of oil in Iran. It focuses on the economic implications of the early oil concessions in the period 1901 to 1951. Chapter II discusses the nationalization of the Iranian oil industry and creation of NIOC in 1951 and the international political and economic implication of these activities. Chapter III explains the activities of NIOC in Iran. Exploration and drilling, production, exports, refineries, natural gas, petrochemicals and internal distributions are studied. Chapter IV discusses the role of the development planning of Iran. A brief presentation of the First Development Plan through the Fifth Development Plan is given. Sources and uses of funds by plan organization during these Five Plans is studied. The Iran and Iraq War is also studied briefly, but the uncertainty of its resolution prevents any close analysis of its impact on the Iranian oil industry. One conclusion, however, is certain; oil has been a vital resource in Iran's past and it will remain the lifetime of its economic development in the future.

Farideh, A.

1981-01-01

338

21 CFR 178.3710 - Petroleum wax.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Petroleum wax. 178.3710 Section 178.3710 Food and...Certain Adjuvants and Production Aids § 178.3710 Petroleum wax. Petroleum wax may be safely used as a component of...

2013-04-01

339

Coke from coal and petroleum  

DOEpatents

A carbonaceous coke is manufactured by the delayed coking of a slurry mixture of from about 10 to about 30 weight percent of caking or non-caking coal and the remainder a petroleum resid blended at below 50.degree. C.

Wynne, Jr., Francis E. (Allison Park, PA); Lopez, Jaime (Pittsburgh, PA); Zaborowsky, Edward J. (Harwick, PA)

1981-01-01

340

Gridding for Petroleum Reservoir Simulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider optimization of computational grids for petroleum reservoir flo w simulations. In this context grid quality is determined by two independent error sources. On the one hand there is a loss of precision caused by upscaling of geo- logical data from the fine geological grid to the coarser computational grid, and on the other hand there are numerical errors

H. H. Soleng; L. Holden

341

1988 worldwide petroleum software directory  

SciTech Connect

This book is a softbound guide to about 1,800 computer software programs for petroleum applications, ranging from accounting and risk analysis to exploration and well log interpretations. Provides alphabetical listings of owners, distributors, and companies. Program index has 80 application categories.

Not Available

1987-01-01

342

Petroleum Supply Monthly, October 1988.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Total US demand for petroleum products (measured as product supplied) averaged 17.5 million barrels per day in October 1988, 0.7 million barrels per day above the level for September and 0.5 million barrels per day above the level for October 1987. Total ...

1988-01-01

343

Petroleum Supply Monthly, February 1988.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Total US demand for petroleum products during February 1988 averaged about 17.6 million barrels per day, 0.9 million barrels per day above the average of a year earlier. This marks the third consecutive month in which total product supplied has exceeded 1...

1988-01-01

344

Petroleum geology of Southern Iraq  

Microsoft Academic Search

Subsurface relations of the Albian rocks in Southern Iraq are postulated from the study of lithofacies, electrical well logs, petroleum occurrences, geothermal source rocks maturation, and hydrogeologic mapping. From these studies an evaluation of the commercial potential for oil in the Nahr Umr Formation became feasible. It appears that a petroliferous belt exists in the marine-marginal facies of the lower

1983-01-01

345

Petroleum geology of southern Iraq  

Microsoft Academic Search

Subsurface relations of the Albian rocks in southern Iraq are postulated from the study of lithofacies, electrical well logs, petroleum occurrences, geothermal source rocks maturation, and hydrogeologic mapping. From these studies an evaluation of the commercial potential for oil in the Nahr Umr Formation became feasible. It appears that a petroliferous belt exists in the marine-marginal facies of the lower

1983-01-01

346

Petroleum geology of carbonate rocks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Where oil and gas supervene in reservoirs consisting of both limestone and dolomite, the dolomite and dolomitic rocks are usually the more prolific producers of petroleum. Even the dismissal by some oil explorers of primary or evaporitic dolostones from the category of reservoir rocks have recently been challenged; for example, by the discovery of more than 500 million barrels of

Billo

1995-01-01

347

Petroleum Biorefining for Pollution Prevention.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of this project was to isolate and characterize thermophilic bacterial cultures that can be used for the selective removal of nitrogen, sulfur, and/or metals in the biorefining of petroleum. The project was completed on schedule and no major...

J. J. Kilbane

2002-01-01

348

PETROLEUM BIOREFINING FOR POLLUTION PREVENTION  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project was to isolate and characterize thermophilic bacterial cultures that can be used for the selective removal of nitrogen, sulfur, and/or metals in the biorefining of petroleum. The project was completed on schedule and no major difficulties were encountered. Significant progress was made on multiple topics relevant to the development of a petroleum biorefining process capable of operating at thermophilic temperatures. New cultures capable of selectively cleaving C-N or C-S bonds in molecules relevant to petroleum were obtained, and the genes encoding the enzymes for these unique biochemical reactions were cloned and sequenced. Genetic tools were developed that enable the use of Thermus thermophilus as a host to express any gene of interest, and information was obtained regarding the optimum conditions for the growth of T. thermophilus. The development of a practical biorefining process still requires further research and the future research needs identified in this project include the development of new enzymes and pathways for the selective cleavage of C-N or C-S bonds that have higher specific activities, increased substrate range, and are capable of functioning at thermophilic temperatures. Additionally, there is a need for process engineering research to determine the maximum yield of biomass and cloned gene products that can be obtained in fed-batch cultures using T. thermophilus, and to determine the best configuration for a process employing biocatalysts to treat petroleum.

John J. Kilbane II

2002-03-01

349

Decision analysis for petroleum exploration  

Microsoft Academic Search

An introduction to the application of statistical decision analysis concepts to the analysis of risk and uncertainty in petroleum exploration investment decisions is provided in this book. Topics covered represent a composite of current attitudes and practices throughout the world for analyzing drilling prospects, as well as several new ideas and concepts not previously published. The first chapter summarizes decision

Paul D. Newendorp

1975-01-01

350

Recent advances in petroleum microbiology.  

PubMed

Recent advances in molecular biology have extended our understanding of the metabolic processes related to microbial transformation of petroleum hydrocarbons. The physiological responses of microorganisms to the presence of hydrocarbons, including cell surface alterations and adaptive mechanisms for uptake and efflux of these substrates, have been characterized. New molecular techniques have enhanced our ability to investigate the dynamics of microbial communities in petroleum-impacted ecosystems. By establishing conditions which maximize rates and extents of microbial growth, hydrocarbon access, and transformation, highly accelerated and bioreactor-based petroleum waste degradation processes have been implemented. Biofilters capable of removing and biodegrading volatile petroleum contaminants in air streams with short substrate-microbe contact times (<60 s) are being used effectively. Microbes are being injected into partially spent petroleum reservoirs to enhance oil recovery. However, these microbial processes have not exhibited consistent and effective performance, primarily because of our inability to control conditions in the subsurface environment. Microbes may be exploited to break stable oilfield emulsions to produce pipeline quality oil. There is interest in replacing physical oil desulfurization processes with biodesulfurization methods through promotion of selective sulfur removal without degradation of associated carbon moieties. However, since microbes require an environment containing some water, a two-phase oil-water system must be established to optimize contact between the microbes and the hydrocarbon, and such an emulsion is not easily created with viscous crude oil. This challenge may be circumvented by application of the technology to more refined gasoline and diesel substrates, where aqueous-hydrocarbon emulsions are more easily generated. Molecular approaches are being used to broaden the substrate specificity and increase the rates and extents of desulfurization. Bacterial processes are being commercialized for removal of H(2)S and sulfoxides from petrochemical waste streams. Microbes also have potential for use in removal of nitrogen from crude oil leading to reduced nitric oxide emissions provided that technical problems similar to those experienced in biodesulfurization can be solved. Enzymes are being exploited to produce added-value products from petroleum substrates, and bacterial biosensors are being used to analyze petroleum-contaminated environments. PMID:14665675

Van Hamme, Jonathan D; Singh, Ajay; Ward, Owen P

2003-12-01

351

Allocation of energy use in petroleum refineries to petroleum products : implications for life-cycle energy use and emission inventory of petroleum transportation fuels.  

SciTech Connect

Studies to evaluate the energy and emission impacts of vehicle/fuel systems have to address allocation of the energy use and emissions associated with petroleum refineries to various petroleum products because refineries produce multiple products. The allocation is needed in evaluating energy and emission effects of individual transportation fuels. Allocation methods used so far for petroleum-based fuels (e.g., gasoline, diesel, and liquefied petroleum gas [LPG]) are based primarily on mass, energy content, or market value shares of individual fuels from a given refinery. The aggregate approach at the refinery level is unable to account for the energy use and emission differences associated with producing individual fuels at the next sub-level: individual refining processes within a refinery. The approach ignores the fact that different refinery products go through different processes within a refinery. Allocation at the subprocess level (i.e., the refining process level) instead of at the aggregate process level (i.e., the refinery level) is advocated by the International Standard Organization. In this study, we seek a means of allocating total refinery energy use among various refinery products at the level of individual refinery processes. We present a petroleum refinery-process-based approach to allocating energy use in a petroleum refinery to petroleum refinery products according to mass, energy content, and market value share of final and intermediate petroleum products as they flow through refining processes within a refinery. The results from this study reveal that product-specific energy use based on the refinery process-level allocation differs considerably from that based on the refinery-level allocation. We calculated well-to-pump total energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for gasoline, diesel, LPG, and naphtha with the refinery process-based allocation approach. For gasoline, the efficiency estimated from the refinery-level allocation underestimates gasoline energy use, relative to the process-level based gasoline efficiency. For diesel fuel, the well-to-pump energy use for the process-level allocations with the mass- and energy-content-based weighting factors is smaller than that predicted with the refinery-level allocations. However, the process-level allocation with the market-value-based weighting factors has results very close to those obtained by using the refinery-level allocations. For LPG, the refinery-level allocation significantly overestimates LPG energy use. For naphtha, the refinery-level allocation overestimates naphtha energy use. The GHG emission patterns for each of the fuels are similar to those of energy use.We presented a refining-process-level-based method that can be used to allocate energy use of individual refining processes to refinery products. The process-level-based method captures process-dependent characteristics of fuel production within a petroleum refinery. The method starts with the mass and energy flow chart of a refinery, tracks energy use by individual refining processes, and distributes energy use of a given refining process to products from the process. In allocating energy use to refinery products, the allocation method could rely on product mass, product energy contents, or product market values as weighting factors. While the mass- and energy-content-based allocation methods provide an engineering perspective of energy allocation within a refinery, the market-value-ased allocation method provides an economic perspective. The results from this study show that energy allocations at the aggregate refinery level and at the refining process level could make a difference in evaluating the energy use and emissions associated with individual petroleum products. Furthermore, for the refining-process-level allocation method, use of mass -- energy content- or market value share-based weighting factors could lead to different results for diesel fuels, LPG, and naphtha. We suggest that, when possible, energy use allocations should be made at the lowest subprocess level

Wang, M.; Lee, H.; Molburg, J.

2004-01-01

352

Petroleum supply monthly, October 1991. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

Data presented in this report describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in Primary Supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importer, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data are divided into two sections (1) the Summary Statistics and (2) the Detailed Statistics 14 figs., 56 tabs.

Not Available

1991-10-30

353

Alaskan North Slope petroleum systems  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Six North Slope petroleum systems are identified, described, and mapped using oil-to-oil and oil-to-source rock correlations, pods of active source rock, and overburden rock packages. To map these systems, we assumed that: a) petroleum source rocks contain 3.2 wt. % organic carbon (TOC); b) immature oil-prone source rocks have hydrogen indices (HI) >300 (mg HC/gm TOC); c) the top and bottom of the petroleum (oil plus gas) window occur at vitrinite reflectance values of 0.6 and 1.0% Ro, respectively; and d) most hydrocarbons are expelled within the petroleum window. The six petroleum systems we have identified and mapped are: a) a southern system involving the Kuna-Lisburne source rock unit that was active during the Late Jurassic and Early Cretaceous; b) two western systems involving source rock in the Kingak-Blankenship, and GRZ-lower Torok source rock units that were active during the Albian; and c) three eastern systems involving the Shublik-Otuk, Hue Shale and Canning source rock units that were active during the Cenozoic. The GRZ-lower Torok in the west is correlative with the Hue Shale to the east. Four overburden rock packages controlled the time of expulsion and gross geometry of migration paths: a) a southern package of Early Cretaceous and older rocks structurally-thickened by early Brooks Range thrusting; b) a western package of Early Cretaceous rocks that filled the western part of the foreland basin; c) an eastern package of Late Cretaceous and Paleogene rocks that filled the eastern part of the foreland basin; and d) an offshore deltaic package of Neogene rocks deposited by the Colville, Canning, and Mackenzie rivers. This petroleum system poster is part of a series of Northern Alaska posters on modeling. The poster in this session by Saltus and Bird present gridded maps for the greater Northern Alaskan onshore and offshore that are used in the 3D modeling poster by Lampe and others. Posters on source rock units are by Keller and Bird as well as Peters and others. Sandstone and shale compaction properties used in sedimentary basin modeling are covered in a poster by Rowan and others. The results of this modeling exercise will be used in our next Northern Alaska oil and gas resource assessment.

Magoon, L. B.; Lillis, P. G.; Bird, K. J.; Lampe, C.; Peters, K. E.

2003-01-01

354

Petroleum geology of western Antarctica  

SciTech Connect

Antarctica's geology is mostly obscured by thick, moving ice that covers 95% of the land and continental shelf. Reconnaissance investigations of outcrops, shallow boreholes, and geophysical surveys are limited and peripheral owing to ice coverage. However, it is possible to outline substantial elements of the regional geology. Further insight is gained by comparison to analogous sedimentary provinces, especially provinces once adjoined within the framework of the Gondwana supercontinent until middle Cretaceous. The petroleum potential of Antarctica, as in the case of the other related high-standing Gondwana continental fragments, is in Early Cretaceous rifts associated with the Gondwana breakup and with the Pacific convergence in the west Antarctica back arc. The Pacific-facing western Antarctica includes two structural provinces: (1) the Cretaceous and younger interior rift system on the east side of the Weddell and Ross Sea embayment, which contain aulacogens that form the boundary with East Antarctica and (2) the back-arc and fore-arc basins adjoining the Antarctica Peninsula and extending into Marie Byrd Land and the Bellingshausen Sea which are associated with the eastward convergence of the Pacific plate. The petroleum potential of the rifts may be assessed by analogies with related rifts of Australia, India, and South Africa; assessment of the convergent basins of western Antarctica depends upon analogy with similar basins of South America, New Zealand, and Indonesia. An estimate of the petroleum potential of western Antarctica generally is comparable with oil and gas occurrences (both in overall quantity and in field sizes) in the other Gondwana continental fragments. However, in view of the thict moving ice cover, the remote locale, and severe climate, petroleum production is largely beyond technology at this time and probably is economically unfeasible.

Kingston, J. (Geological Survey, Santa Barbara, CA (USA))

1990-05-01

355

Using Microfossils in Petroleum Exploration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This overview of how microfossils are used in the exploration for oil uses both drawings and photomicrographs of microfossils to illustrate the types of fossils that are employed in the search for oil. There are also diagrams to indicate how the identification of the strata by microfossil content is then used to locate the petroleum. Active links and additional references are included for further study.

O'Neill, Brian

356

Siliceous sedimentary rock-hosted ores and petroleum  

SciTech Connect

Geological, biological, oceanographic, and geochemical principles involved in forming mineral deposits associated with siliceous rocks are integrated in this collection. The book emerged from a decade of research by 142 scientists from 33 countries who worked with the International Geological Correlations Project under editor James R. Hein. It reveals how several economic ores and petroleum were formed in siliceous sediments in coastal ocean basins. This collection places each ore-deposit type into a genetic model emphasizing coastal upwelling; displays all chert occurrences on paleographic maps for each period of the Phanerozoic; covers phosphate, uranium, diatomite, manganese, iron, barite, and petroleum deposits; and gives the first evidence of a bacterially mediated, diagenetic origin for manganese deposits.

Hein, J.R.

1987-01-01

357

Internal kinematics of salt diapirs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The internal structure of intrusive and extrusive salt bodies elucidates their external shape and the mechanism and history of diapiric emplacement-information relevant to petroleum exploration. Trace amounts of brine can act like heat to weaken salt and promote geologic creep by solution-transfer mechanisms. They compare natural strain markers in salt with the artificial markers used by fluid dynamicists: stream lines

C. J. Talbot; M. P. A. Jackson

1987-01-01

358

15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 754 - Petroleum and Petroleum Products  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...00.2000 Kerosene derived from petroleum, shale oil, natural gas, or combinations thereof (except motor fuel...00.2500 Naphthas derived from petroleum, shale oil, natural gas, or combinations thereof (except motor...

2012-01-01

359

15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 754 - Petroleum and Petroleum Products  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...00.2000 Kerosene derived from petroleum, shale oil, natural gas, or combinations thereof (except motor fuel...00.2500 Naphthas derived from petroleum, shale oil, natural gas, or combinations thereof (except motor...

2011-01-01

360

15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 754 - Petroleum and Petroleum Products  

...00.2000 Kerosene derived from petroleum, shale oil, natural gas, or combinations thereof (except motor fuel...00.2500 Naphthas derived from petroleum, shale oil, natural gas, or combinations thereof (except motor...

2014-01-01

361

Production of greases from industrial petroleum wastes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Petroleum-containing industrial wastes and petroleum products lost during processes (losses) are quantitatively and qualitatively\\u000a basic environmental pollutants-of water, soil, and air. Some petroleum wastes from production and use of lubricants (greases,\\u000a motor and industrial oils, etc.) are collected and regenerated. Wastes which are not regenerated due to their physicochemical\\u000a properties are dangerous environmental pollutants.

V. V. Ostrikov; E. V. Smolyakova

2007-01-01

362

Petroleum supply annual 1993. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA) contains information on the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. The publication reflects data that were collected from the petroleum industry during 1993 through annual and monthly surveys. The PSA is divided into two volumes. This first volume contains four sections: Summary Statistics, Detailed Statistics, Refinery Capacity, and Oxygenate Capacity each with final annual data. The second volume contains final statistics for each month of 1993, and replaces data previously published in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM). The tables in Volumes 1 and 2 are similarly numbered to facilitate comparison between them. Below is a description of each section in Volume 1 of the PSA.

Not Available

1994-06-01

363

Petroleum supply annual 1994. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA) contains information on the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. The publication reflects data that were collected from the petroleum industry during 1994 through annual and monthly surveys. The PSA is divided into two volumes. This first volume contains four sections: Summary Statistics, Detailed Statistics, Refinery Capacity, and Oxygenate Capacity each with final annual data. The second volume contains final statistics for each month of 1994, and replaces data previously published in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM). The tables in Volumes 1 and 2 are similarly numbered to facilitate comparison between them. Below is a description of each section in Volume 1 of the PSA.

NONE

1995-05-22

364

Petroleum resource potential GIS of northern Afghanistan  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The CD-ROM contains an ESRI ArcReader format GIS project presenting the results of a petroleum resource assessment of Northern Afghanistan, and other data used in the petroleum assessment. Geologic, structural, field, well, political, and other GIS layers covering Afghanistan, Northern Afghanistan and adjacent areas, along with associated geochemical and other data tables pertinent to a petroleum assessment are included. The purpose of this GIS is to provide the basic data layers and tables required to support the petroleum assessment, data for further exploration and development, and an index of known data.

Steinshouer, Douglas W.; Klett, Timothy R.; Ulmishek, Gregory F.; Wandrey, Craig J.; Wahl, Ronald R.; Hill, Ronald J.; Pribil, Michael; Pawlewicz, Mark J.; King, J. David; Agena, Warren F.; Taylor, David J.; Amirzada, Abdulla; Selab, Amir Mohammad; Mutteh, Abdul-Salam; Haidari, Ghulam Naqshband; Wardak, Moeengul Gullabudeen

2006-01-01

365

Basic petroleum geology, 2nd Ed  

SciTech Connect

It presents the fundamental concepts of geology in terms of sedimentary deposition, petroleum occurrence, exploration, and recovery. It provides an integrated overview of petroleum geology concepts and vocabulary in easy to understand language. It is essential that geologists, geophysicists, and engineers share a common understanding of geologic processes which are presented in this book. It is just as important that petroleum managers, landmen, and technicians, as well as attorneys, financiers, and other nontechnical professionals be conversant with the terminology and fundamental principles of petroleum occurrence, exploration, and production.

Link, P.K.

1988-01-01

366

Elderly Adi Women of Arunachal Pradesh: "Living Encyclopedias" and Cultural Refugia in Biodiversity Conservation of the Eastern Himalaya, India  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Elderly women of a particular socioecological system are considered to be "living encyclopedias" in biocultural knowledge systems. These women play a pivotal role in retaining and passing on biodiversity-related traditional knowledge to the next generations. Unfortunately the fast changing sociocultural values and the impact of modernity have rendered their knowledge somewhat less valuable and they are being treated as "cultural refugia." Our study on the importance of these women in the conservation of indigenous biodiversity was conducted in 14 randomly selected villages dominated by the Adi tribe of East Siang District, Arunachal Pradesh (northeast India). Data were collected from 531 women (381 elderly and 150 young to middle aged) during 2003-2008 using conventional social science methods and participatory rural appraisal. One innovative method, namely "recipe contest," was devised to mobilize Adi women of each village in order to energies them and explore their knowledge relating to traditional foods, ethnomedicines, and conservation of indigenous biodiversity. Results indicated that 55 plant species are being used by elderly Adi women in their food systems, while 34 plant species are integral parts of ethnomedicinal practices. These women identified different plant species found under multistory canopies of community forests. Elderly women were particularly skilled in preparing traditional foods including beverages and held significantly greater knowledge of indigenous plants than younger women. Lifelong experiences and cultural diversity were found to influence the significance of biodiversity use and conservation. The conservation of biodiversity occurs in three different habitats: jhum lands (shifting cultivation), Morang forest (community managed forests), and home gardens. The knowledge and practice of elderly women about habitats and multistory vegetations, regenerative techniques, selective harvesting, and cultivation practices contribute significantly to food and livelihood security while sustaining an array of threatened plant species. Basically, knowledge of elderly women on using biodiversity in food and medicinal systems was found in three categories namely: "individual," "community," and "refined." We identified a need to develop holistic policies to recognize and integrate knowledge and practices of elderly women with local level of planning on sustainable conservation of biodiversity as well as community-based adaptations.

Singh, Ranjay K.; Rallen, Orik; Padung, Egul

2013-09-01

367

Elderly Adi women of Arunachal Pradesh: "living encyclopedias" and cultural refugia in biodiversity conservation of the Eastern Himalaya, India.  

PubMed

Elderly women of a particular socioecological system are considered to be "living encyclopedias" in biocultural knowledge systems. These women play a pivotal role in retaining and passing on biodiversity-related traditional knowledge to the next generations. Unfortunately the fast changing sociocultural values and the impact of modernity have rendered their knowledge somewhat less valuable and they are being treated as "cultural refugia." Our study on the importance of these women in the conservation of indigenous biodiversity was conducted in 14 randomly selected villages dominated by the Adi tribe of East Siang District, Arunachal Pradesh (northeast India). Data were collected from 531 women (381 elderly and 150 young to middle aged) during 2003-2008 using conventional social science methods and participatory rural appraisal. One innovative method, namely "recipe contest," was devised to mobilize Adi women of each village in order to energies them and explore their knowledge relating to traditional foods, ethnomedicines, and conservation of indigenous biodiversity. Results indicated that 55 plant species are being used by elderly Adi women in their food systems, while 34 plant species are integral parts of ethnomedicinal practices. These women identified different plant species found under multistory canopies of community forests. Elderly women were particularly skilled in preparing traditional foods including beverages and held significantly greater knowledge of indigenous plants than younger women. Lifelong experiences and cultural diversity were found to influence the significance of biodiversity use and conservation. The conservation of biodiversity occurs in three different habitats: jhum lands (shifting cultivation), Morang forest (community managed forests), and home gardens. The knowledge and practice of elderly women about habitats and multistory vegetations, regenerative techniques, selective harvesting, and cultivation practices contribute significantly to food and livelihood security while sustaining an array of threatened plant species. Basically, knowledge of elderly women on using biodiversity in food and medicinal systems was found in three categories namely: "individual," "community," and "refined." We identified a need to develop holistic policies to recognize and integrate knowledge and practices of elderly women with local level of planning on sustainable conservation of biodiversity as well as community-based adaptations. PMID:23824078

Singh, Ranjay K; Rallen, Orik; Padung, Egul

2013-09-01

368

Hexacyclic monoaromatic hydrocarbons of petroleum  

SciTech Connect

This paper is concerned with a new group of petroleum compounds: hexacyclic C/sub 32/-C/sub 35/ hydrocarbons--alkylbenzotrisnorhopanes, which contain an aromatic ring. Investigations have shown these hydrocarbons to be closely related structurally and, apparently, genetically to hydrocarbons of hopane series. They are often present in the highest concentrations in crude oils with relatively high concentrations of C/sub 32/ and higher hopanes. The authors found two such crude oils: the Tertiary crude oil of Shakarlyk (Central Asia) and a Devonian crude oil of Ostashkovich deposit. These hydrocarbons were identified in a number of other crude oils at lower concentrations.

Ostroukhov, S.B.; Aref'yev, O.A.; Petrov, Al.A.

1983-01-01

369

Inspecting petroleum tank bottom linings  

SciTech Connect

When steel floors have been severely pitted on the inside, it is common practice to either weld the pits or fill them with a thixotropic putty. The coating specification usually will stipulate the depth beyond which a pit must be welded or filled. The difficult part comes when it is time to get down on hands and knees to examine the floor with a pit gauge to determine which pits will be treated and which ones won't. The inspection of petroleum tank bottom linings is a specialized discipline requiring unique skills and experience. Coating inspectors must be prepared to perform arduous work that requires painstaking attention to detail.

Ward, J. (B and D Inspection, Cleveland, OH (United States))

1994-03-01

370

Petroleum characterization by perfluorocarbon tracers  

SciTech Connect

Perfluorocarbon tracers (PFTs), a class of six compounds, were used to help characterize the Shallow Oil Zone (SOZ) reservoir at the Naval Petroleum Reserve in California (NPRC) at Elk Hills. The SOZ reservoir is undergoing a pilot gas injection program to assess the technical feasibility and economic viability of injecting gas into the SOZ for improved oil recovery. PFTs were utilized in the pilot gas injection to qualitatively assess the extent of the pilot gas injection so as to determine the degree of gas containment within the SOZ reservoir.

Senum, G.I.; Fajer, R.W. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)); Harris, B.R. Jr. (USDOE Naval Petroleum Reserves in California, Tupman, CA (United States)); DeRose, W.E. (Bechtel Petroleum Operations, Inc., Tupman, CA (United States)); Ottaviani, W.L. (Chevron U.S.A., Inc., Bakersfield, CA (United States))

1992-02-01

371

21 CFR 172.888 - Synthetic petroleum wax.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...3 2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Synthetic petroleum wax. 172.888 Section 172.888...CONSUMPTION Multipurpose Additives § 172.888 Synthetic petroleum wax. Synthetic petroleum wax may be safely used in or on...

2009-04-01

372

21 CFR 172.888 - Synthetic petroleum wax.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 3 2010-01-01 2009-04-01 true Synthetic petroleum wax. 172.888 Section 172.888...CONSUMPTION Multipurpose Additives § 172.888 Synthetic petroleum wax. Synthetic petroleum wax may be safely used in or on...

2010-01-01

373

Petroleum Supply Monthly, December 2010 with Data for October 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is the monthly component of a series of three publications produced by the Petroleum Division of the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The other two components are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR) and the...

2010-01-01

374

Petroleum Supply Monthly, March 2006, with Data for January 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four petroleum supply publications produced by the Petroleum Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other pu...

2006-01-01

375

Petroleum Supply Monthly, June 2006, with Data for April 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four petroleum supply publications produced by the Petroleum Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other pu...

2006-01-01

376

Petroleum marketing monthly, February 1999 with data for November 1998.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, gov...

1999-01-01

377

Petroleum Marketing Monthly. With Data for February 2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, gov...

2000-01-01

378

40 CFR 52.1931 - Petroleum storage tank controls.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Petroleum storage tank controls. 52.1931...CONTINUED) Oklahoma § 52.1931 Petroleum storage tank controls. (a) Notwithstanding...the Oklahoma implementation plan, the petroleum storage tanks listed in...

2013-07-01

379

Petroleum Marketing Monthly. March 2008, with Data For December 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, gov...

2008-01-01

380

75 FR 80843 - Petroleum Wax Candles From China  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. 731-TA-282 (Third Review)] Petroleum Wax Candles From China Determination...revocation of the antidumping duty order on petroleum wax candles from China would be likely...Publication 4207 (December 2010), entitled Petroleum Wax Candles from China:...

2010-12-23

381

75 FR 63200 - Petroleum Wax Candles From China  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. 731-TA-282 (Third Review)] Petroleum Wax Candles From China AGENCY: United...concerning the antidumping duty order on petroleum wax candles from China...revocation of the antidumping duty order on petroleum wax candles from China would be...

2010-10-14

382

Petroleum Supply Monthly, September 2010 with Data for July 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is the monthly component of a series of three publications produced by the Petroleum Division of the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The other two components are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR) and the...

2010-01-01

383

Petroleum Supply Monthly, June 2010 with Data for April 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is the monthly component of a series of three publications produced by the Petroleum Division of the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The other two components are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR) and the...

2010-01-01

384

49 CFR 192.11 - Petroleum gas systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Petroleum gas systems. 192.11 Section 192...SAFETY STANDARDS General § 192.11 Petroleum gas systems. (a) Each plant that supplies petroleum gas by pipeline to a natural gas...

2013-10-01

385

49 CFR 393.69 - Liquefied petroleum gas systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Liquefied petroleum gas systems. 393.69 Section 393...Fuel Systems § 393.69 Liquefied petroleum gas systems. (a) A fuel system that uses liquefied petroleum gas as a fuel for the operation...

2013-10-01

386

48 CFR 908.7109 - Fuels and packaged petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Fuels and packaged petroleum products. 908.7109 Section 908...Items 908.7109 Fuels and packaged petroleum products. Acquisitions of fuel and packaged petroleum products by DOE offices shall be in...

2013-10-01

387

21 CFR 178.3650 - Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. 178.3650 Section 178...Production Aids § 178.3650 Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons may be safely used, as...

2013-04-01

388

Petroleum Supply Monthly, January 2011 with Data for November 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is the monthly component of a series of three publications produced by the Petroleum Division of the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The other two components are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR) and the...

2011-01-01

389

46 CFR 105.05-2 - Prohibitions regarding petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Prohibitions regarding petroleum products. 105.05-2 Section...COMMERCIAL FISHING VESSELS DISPENSING PETROLEUM PRODUCTS Application § 105.05-2 Prohibitions regarding petroleum products. (a) Commercial...

2013-10-01

390

Petroleum Supply Monthly, July 2005, with Data for May 2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four petroleum supply publications produced by the Petroleum Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other pu...

2005-01-01

391

Petroleum Marketing Monthly. January 2008, with Data for October 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, gov...

2008-01-01

392

21 CFR 573.740 - Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. 573.740 Section 573...Additive Listing § 573.740 Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons complying with §...

2013-04-01

393

21 CFR 178.3720 - Petroleum wax, synthetic.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Petroleum wax, synthetic. 178.3720 Section 178...Adjuvants and Production Aids § 178.3720 Petroleum wax, synthetic. Synthetic petroleum wax may be safely used in applications...

2013-04-01

394

75 FR 38121 - Petroleum Wax Candles From China  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. 731-TA-282 (Third Review)] Petroleum Wax Candles From China AGENCY: United...concerning the antidumping duty order on petroleum wax candles from China...revocation of the antidumping duty order on petroleum wax candles from China would be...

2010-07-01

395

40 CFR 280.41 - Requirements for petroleum UST systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Requirements for petroleum UST systems. 280.41 Section 280...Detection § 280.41 Requirements for petroleum UST systems. Owners and operators of petroleum UST systems must provide release...

2013-07-01

396

Petroleum Supply Monthly, October 2005, with Data for August 2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four petroleum supply publications produced by the Petroleum Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other pu...

2005-01-01

397

Petroleum Marketing Monthly. February 2008, with Data for November 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, gov...

2008-01-01

398

Petroleum Supply Monthly, August 2006, with Data for June 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four petroleum supply publications produced by the Petroleum Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other pu...

2006-01-01

399

Petroleum Supply Monthly, April 2006, with Data for February 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four petroleum supply publications produced by the Petroleum Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other pu...

2006-01-01

400

Petroleum Supply Monthly, April 2010 with Data for February 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is the monthly component of a series of three publications produced by the Petroleum Division of the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The other two components are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR) and the...

2010-01-01

401

Petroleum Supply Monthly, December 2005, with Data for October 2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four petroleum supply publications produced by the Petroleum Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other pu...

2005-01-01

402

Petroleum Supply Monthly, March 2009 with Data for January 2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is the monthly component of a series of three publications produced by the Petroleum Division of the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The other two components are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR) and the...

2009-01-01

403

Petroleum marketing monthly, November 1998, with data for August 1998.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 'Petroleum Marketing Monthly' (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, g...

1998-01-01

404

Petroleum marketing monthly, May 1999, with data for February 1999.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, gov...

1999-01-01

405

Petroleum marketing monthly, June 1995 with data for March 1995.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, gov...

1995-01-01

406

Petroleum marketing monthly, October 1998, with data for July 1998.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 'Petroleum Marketing Monthly' (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, g...

1998-01-01

407

Petroleum marketing monthly, June 1998, with data from March 1998.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, gov...

1998-01-01

408

Petroleum marketing monthly with data for April 1995.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, gov...

1995-01-01

409

Petroleum Marketing Monthly, February 2000 with Data for November 1999.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, gov...

2000-01-01

410

International resources law  

SciTech Connect

This book covers: Historical origins of civil code legal systems; Modern civil law practice for mineral lawyers; Treaties and agreements for protection of international investments; Europe 1992-toward a single energy market; Dispute resolution in international agreements; Assessment of political risk; Reducing political risk; Protecting mineral investments from upheaval in developing countries; Typical world petroleum arrangements; government take in the Pacific Rim - Papua New Guinea; Mineral base of the USSR and prospects of investment; International taxation for the mining practitioner; Tax considerations - branch versus subsidiary; Doing business in the host country - nontax considerations; Impact of host-country laws on operations and profits; Mineral development and native rights - New Zealand; Designing the investment vehicle: mining; International oil and gas joint ventures; Selected U.S. laws with extraterritorial effect; U.S. tax and securities laws applied to foreign joint venturers; and Extraterritorial effect of U.S. laws.

Not Available

1991-01-01

411

78 FR 34702 - Notice of Meeting of Advisory Committee on International Law  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...agenda covers a range of current international legal topics, including the Supreme Court's recent decision in Kiobel v. Royal Dutch Petroleum, Internet governance and international law, corporate social responsibility, compliance mechanisms for...

2013-06-10

412

Security Exercise Readiness Program for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

SciTech Connect

The Security Exercise Readiness Program or SERP, is a series of response-oriented exercises designed to evaluate the readiness of the protection force at DOE's Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). International Energy Associates Limited (IEAL) developed SERP in 1984 for Wells Fargo Guard Services (WFGS), the SPR protective services contractor. The purpose of this paper is to describe the systems methodology used to develop SERP, the structure of the program, and the computer-based information system that tracks and analyzes the exercise results.

Crane, F.L.

1985-01-01

413

Using GIS to Explore Environmental Justice Issues: The Case of U.S. Petroleum Refineries  

Microsoft Academic Search

A central issue in environmental policy emerging both in the U.S. and internationally is whether the deleterious impacts of development disproportionately affect poor and minority populations. In this paper, we demonstrate how Geographic Information Systems (GIS) can be used to gather data and characterize potential environmental justice issues in the context of areas surrounding U.S. petroleum refineries. Specifically, we develop

Paul S. Fischbeck; David Gerard; Britney McCoy; Jun Hyun

414

Field Testing Results for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Pipeline Corrosion Control Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results of two studies conducted as part of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) Pipeline Corrosion Control Program are reported. These studies focused on evaluation of rotary-applied concrete materials for internal pipeline protection against the erosive and corrosive effects of flowing brine. The study also included evaluation of liners applied by hand on pipe pieces that cannot be lined by rotary

R. G. Buchheit; L. M. Maestas; T. E. Hinkebein

1997-01-01

415

Field testing results for the strategic petroleum reserve pipeline corrosion control program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results of two studies conducted as part of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) Pipeline Corrosion Control Program are reported. These studies focused on evaluation of rotary-applied concrete materials for internal pipeline protection against the erosive and corrosive effects of flowing brine. The study also included evaluation of liners applied by hand on pipe pieces that cannot be lined by rotary

R. G. Buchheit; L. M. Maestas; T. E. Hinkebein

1998-01-01

416

An interactive multiobjective model for the strategic maritime transportation of petroleum products: risk analysis and routing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dealing with the maritime transportation of crude oil and petroleum products has become a problem of major international concern due to the potential of environmental pollution created by oil spill incidents. This paper presents the development of a strategic multiobjective network flow model, allowing for risk analysis and routing, with multiple commodities, modalities and origin-destination pairs. The development of an

Eleftherios T. Iakovou

2001-01-01

417

Domestic Petroleum Product Prices and Subsidies: Recent Developments and Reform Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reviews recent developments in the pass-through of international to domestic petroleum product prices, in the different fuel pricing regimes, and in fuel subsidies in a range of emerging market and developing economies. The main finding of the paper is the limited price pass-through in many countries and the consequent increase in fuel subsidies. The paper proposes that key

David Coady; Amine Mati; Taimur Baig; Joseph Ntamatungiro

2007-01-01

418

The Encyclopedia Arctica  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Back in 1947, the Office of Naval Research in the Department of the Navy began an ambitious 20-volume reference work on the northern Arctic and subarctic regions. Four years later, the Navy withdrew its support after 3 or 4 million words had been written. The editor of this tremendous undertaking was the Canadian Arctic explorer and director of Polar Studies at Dartmouth College, Vilhjalmur Stefansson. Recently, the Dartmouth College Library digitized materials from this compendium, and they are now available on this site. Here visitors will find the "Table of Contents", which allows them to delve into subtopics like "Physiography of Alaska", "Physics of Ground Frost", and dozens of other related topics. The documents here are the original typewritten pages, and visitors can browse around at their leisure.

419

The Encyclopedia of Earth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online reference contains articles about the Earth, its natural environments, and their interaction with society. The articles are written by scholars, professionals, educators, and experts who collaborate and review each other's work. The articles are written in non-technical language and will be useful to students, educators, scholars, professionals, as well as to the general public.

2007-04-17

420

Encyclopedia of Software Components.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Intelligent browsing through a collection of reusable software components is facilitated with a computer having a video monitor and a user input interface such as a keyboard or a mouse for transmitting user selections, by presenting a picture of encyclope...

L. Vanwarren B. C. Beckman

1991-01-01

421

Encyclopedia of Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A webpage for every organism on earth is the goal of this site, which was initially funded in 2007 by the MacArthur Foundation and the Sloan Foundation. To "learn how to navigate EOL, search for content, customize your experience, and explore pages..." visitors can start with the tab "Using the Site" at the top of the page. Here, there is a video tour on general "Navigation" of the site and instructions on how specifically to use the "Species Pages". Users can check out the FAQs section under the same tab for more help. Visitors can select the "Language" tab at the top of the page to view the site in English, Spanish, Russian, Ukranian, German, or French. In the "About EOL" tab on the far upper right hand side of the page, visitors can check out the "Content Partners" link about halfway down the menu. There are over two dozen partners and links to their websites listed, including the Nearctic Spider Database, Mushroom Observer, FishBase, and AntWeb.

422

Petroleum supply annual 1993. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

This publication contains information on the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. The publication reflects data that were collected from the petroleum industry during 1993 through annual and monthly surveys. This second volume contains final statistics for each month of 1993.

Not Available

1994-06-01

423

Reduction of vanadium in recycle petroleum coke  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a process for the partial oxidation of particulate petroleum coke substantially comprising carbon and containing a small amount of ash comprising vanadium constituents and other materials to produce in a gas generating zone a raw gaseous stream comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide and containing entrained unconverted particulate petroleum coke comprising carbon and vanadium containing ash, and the gaseous stream

S. R. Vasconcellos; M. S. Najjar; R. J. Mc Keon

1987-01-01

424

Partial oxidation of upgraded petroleum coke  

Microsoft Academic Search

This patent describes a process for the partial oxidation of particulate petroleum coke substantially comprising carbon and containing a small amount of ash comprising vanadium constituents and other materials to produce in a gas generating zone a raw gaseous stream comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide and containing entrained unconverted particulate petroleum coke. The coke comprised of carbon and vanadium containing

S. R. Vasconcellos; M. S. Najjar; R. Garcia

1987-01-01

425

Petroleum-Degrading Achlorophyllous Alga Prototheca zopfii.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One of the objectives of this research programme is to enumerate and identify petroleum-degrading microorganisms occurring in Chesapeake Bay, to assess the potential of these microorganisms to degrade petroleum in vitro and in situ and to determine the ty...

J. D. Walker R. R. Colwell Z. Vaituzis S. A. Meyer

1974-01-01

426

Characterization of petroleum products by DSC analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some petroleum products, as paraffin waxes, microcrystalline waxes, lube oils, fuel oils, bitumens, were studied using DSC. DSC makes it possible to determine the wax content of various petroleum fractions, to study the effects of additives, to determine the glass transitions of bitumens; it is a useful technique both for research and for product analysis.

C. Giavarini; F. Pochetti

1973-01-01

427

Evaporation of petroleum products from contaminated soils  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bioremediation can remove petroleum products from soil that has been contaminated by leaking underground storage tanks, but abiotic processes such as evaporation can contribute significantly to the overall removal process. The mathematical model described in this paper was developed to predict the evaporation rate of volatile liquids from petroleum-contaminated sand. The model is based on simple concepts relating to molecular

Seon-Hong Kang; Charles S. Oulman

1996-01-01

428

The petroleum refining industry and environmental pollution  

Microsoft Academic Search

The petroleum refining industry has a significant influence on the total pollution of the environment by industrial discharges and wastes. In the operation of petroleum refineries, the atmosphere is polluted with hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, and other toxic substances. The principal pollutants are sulfur dioxide and hydrocarbons. The fresh water used by refineries in product

Ya. G. Sorkin

1975-01-01

429

Petroleum Supply Annual 1985. Volume 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information on US supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products is provided for each year from 1973 through 1985, with monthly data for the most recent 3 years. Volume I contains two sectionc, petroleum supply summary and refinery capacity. G...

1986-01-01

430

Detecting and discriminating petroleum and petroleum products from water on terrestrial backgrounds with hyperspectral remote sensing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Petroleum and petroleum product spills are frequent and as both Hurricane Katrina and the Deepwater Horizon accident demonstrated, they can be catastrophic. A prominent portion of the response is mapping the extent to which oil has reached both shoreline and inland areas. Yet, petroleum and water--when present on common substrates such as sand, concrete, and vegetation--are often difficult to distinguish in panchromatic and multispectral imagery. This research demonstrates how hyperspectral remote sensing, also known as imaging spectroscopy, provides petroleum detection and discrimination from water on terrestrial backgrounds. Utilizing spectral libraries, it also performs material identification and successfully discriminates some petroleum products from one another as a means of further classification and mapping spill extent. To achieve these goals, this effort collected spectral signatures of four crude oils and five refined petroleum products on ten common terrestrial substrates and compared them to water on the same backgrounds over a period of 1-90 days, depending on liquid volatility. The result is the first publicly available spectral library for petroleum and petroleum products on terrestrial substrates in the reflective portion of the electromagnetic spectrum (400-2500 nm) for use in petroleum spill detection and response. It also establishes a baseline for the use of imaging spectroscopy as a technique for confident, accurate petroleum detection in the terrestrial environment. Using common material identification algorithms, the spectra were successfully applied to airborne hyperspectral data from the Hurricane Katrina disaster in 2005 as a proof-of-concept for discriminating petroleum from water.

Allen, C. Scott

431

Genomics Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea-Root Nodule Bacteria (GEBA-RNB): a resource for microsymbiont genomes (2013 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy and Environment 8th Annual User Meeting)  

SciTech Connect

Wayne Reeve of Murdoch University on "Genomics Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea-Root Nodule Bacteria (GEBA-RNB): a resource for microsymbiont genomes" at the 8th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 27, 2013 in Walnut Creek, Calif.

Reeve, Wayne [Murdoch University

2013-03-01

432

40 CFR Table 6 to Subpart Vvvv of... - Default Organic HAP Contents of Petroleum Solvent Groups  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...true Default Organic HAP Contents of Petroleum Solvent Groups 6 Table 6 to Subpart...63âDefault Organic HAP Contents of Petroleum Solvent Groups As specified in...Aliphatic Naptha, Naphthol Spirits, Petroleum Spirits, Petroleum Oil, Petroleum...

2013-07-01

433

Petroleum marketing monthly, June 1995 with data for March 1995  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly. Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly in five sections: Summary Statistics Crude Oil Prices; Prices of Petroleum Products; Volumes of Petroleum Products; and Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products for Local Consumption.

NONE

1995-06-16

434

Petroleum marketing monthly with data for April 1995  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data on the Petroleum Marketing Monthly. Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly in five sections: Summary statistics; crude oil prices; prices of petroleum products; volumes of petroleum products; and prime supplier sales volumes of petroleum products for local consumption.

NONE

1995-07-05

435

Process for producing a petroleum wax composition  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a process for producing a wax composition. It comprises: vacuum distilling a petroleum feed to prepare a 650 distillate heavy intermediate petroleum wax, having a melting point range of from about 155{degrees}F. to about 185{degrees}F., subjecting the heavy intermediate petroleum wax to furfural/duosol solvent extraction, dissolving and crystallizing the heavy intermediate petroleum wax from a methyl ethyl ketone/toluene mixed solvent, dissolving and recrystallizing the heavy intermediate petroleum wax from a methyl ethyl ketone/toluene mixed solvent, percolating the recrystallized heavy intermediate petroleum wax in the molten state through a clay bed; and blending the recrystallized heavy intermediate petroleum wax from about 50 weight percent to about 90 weight percent with from about 10 weight percent to about 30 weight percent of a polymeric compound selected from the group consisting of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer, ethylene-ethyl acrylate copolymer, polypropylene and mixtures there of and having a molecular weight of from about 2,000 to about 100,000 and a melt index of from about 1 to about 250{degrees} at 375{degrees}F.

Jones, R.L.

1991-04-23

436

Radiological hazards of TENORM in the wasted petroleum pipes.  

PubMed

Disposal petroleum pipes containing sludge and scale as a technically enhanced natural occurring radioactive material (TENORM) leads to internal and external radiation hazards and then a significant radiation dose to the workers. In order to contribute to a future waste management policy related to the presence of TENORM in the disposal sites of wasted petroleum pipes, scale and sludge as TENORM wastes are collected form these disposal pipes for radiometric analysis. These pipes are imported from onshore oilfields at south Sinai governorate, Egypt. The highest mean (226)Ra and (228)Ra concentrations of 519 and 50 kBq/kg respectively, were measured in scale samples. Sludge lies within the normal range of radium concentration. The average absorbed dose caused by the exposure to the wasted pipes equal to 4.09 microGy h(-1) from sludge and 262 microGy h(-1) from scale. This is much higher than the acceptable level of 0.059 microGy h(-1). Due to radon inhalation, important radon related parameters are calculated which advantage in internal dose calculation. Fairly good correlation between real radium content and radon exhalation rate for sludge samples is obtained. The hazards from sludge come from its high emanation power for radon which equal to 3.83%. The obtained results demonstrate the need of screening oil residues for their radionuclide content in order to decide about their final disposal. PMID:19782444

Abo-Elmagd, M; Soliman, H A; Salman, Kh A; El-Masry, N M

2010-01-01

437

Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Annual/quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

This report briefly covers the program legislation and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Plan and its amendments. The current status of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve is outlined in Section II and the appropriations, budget and finances to date are provided in Section III. Section IV addresses organization, management, and contractor support. A discussion of the drawdown system and vulnerability impact are set forth in Section V. The Appendix contains detailed information on the status of each Strategic Petroleum Reserve site and crude oil specificcations. 8 figs., 8 tabs.

Not Available

1988-02-15

438

Petroleum marketing monthly, November 1991. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners' acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented. 12 figs., 53 tabs.

Not Available

1991-11-07

439

Geology for petroleum exploration, drilling and production  

SciTech Connect

This book provides a non-technical introduction to the subject of oil. The author guides the readers in logical sequence: How oil and gas form and accumulate; how to explore for oil; and how to drill and complete a well and produce the petroleum. The contents are: The earth's crust; identification of common rocks and minerals; weathering, erosion, and unconformities; deformation; geologic time; sandstone reservoirs; limestone reservoirs; subsurface fluids; sedimentary rock patterns; surface and subsurface maps; ocean environment - plate tectonics; hydrocarbons source rocks, generation, migration and accumulation; well logs, traps; petroleum exploration; drilling a well; completing a well; and petroleum production.

Hyne, N.J.

1984-01-01

440

International energy annual 1997  

SciTech Connect

The International Energy Annual presents an overview of key international energy trends for production, consumption, imports, and exports of primary energy commodities in over 220 countries, dependencies, and areas of special sovereignty. Also included are population and gross domestic product data, as well as prices for crude oil and petroleum products in selected countries. Renewable energy reported in the International Energy Annual includes hydroelectric power and geothermal, solar, and wind electric power. Also included are biomass electric power for Brazil and the US, and biomass, geothermal, and solar energy produced in the US and not used for electricity generation. This report is published to keep the public and other interested parties fully informed of primary energy supplies on a global basis. The data presented have been largely derived from published sources. The data have been converted to units of measurement and thermal values (Appendices E and F) familiar to the American public. 93 tabs.

NONE

1999-04-01

441

Petroleum and health care: evaluating and managing health care's vulnerability to petroleum supply shifts.  

PubMed

Petroleum is used widely in health care-primarily as a transport fuel and feedstock for pharmaceuticals, plastics, and medical supplies-and few substitutes for it are available. This dependence theoretically makes health care vulnerable to petroleum supply shifts, but this vulnerability has not been empirically assessed. We quantify key aspects of petroleum use in health care and explore historical associations between petroleum supply shocks and health care prices. These analyses confirm that petroleum products are intrinsic to modern health care and that petroleum supply shifts can affect health care prices. In anticipation of future supply contractions lasting longer than previous shifts and potentially disrupting health care delivery, we propose an adaptive management approach and outline its application to the example of emergency medical services. PMID:21778473

Hess, Jeremy; Bednarz, Daniel; Bae, Jaeyong; Pierce, Jessica

2011-09-01

442

Petroleum and Health Care: Evaluating and Managing Health Care's Vulnerability to Petroleum Supply Shifts  

PubMed Central

Petroleum is used widely in health care—primarily as a transport fuel and feedstock for pharmaceuticals, plastics, and medical supplies—and few substitutes for it are available. This dependence theoretically makes health care vulnerable to petroleum supply shifts, but this vulnerability has not been empirically assessed. We quantify key aspects of petroleum use in health care and explore historical associations between petroleum supply shocks and health care prices. These analyses confirm that petroleum products are intrinsic to modern health care and that petroleum supply shifts can affect health care prices. In anticipation of future supply contractions lasting longer than previous shifts and potentially disrupting health care delivery, we propose an adaptive management approach and outline its application to the example of emergency medical services.

Bednarz, Daniel; Bae, Jaeyong; Pierce, Jessica

2011-01-01

443

U.S. Labor Rebellions and the Rise of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), in INTERNATIONAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF REVOLUTION AND PROTEST  

Microsoft Academic Search

The year 1934 was a turning point in the U.S. class struggle. That year, militant strikes by truckers in Minneapolis, auto parts workers in Toledo, and longshoremen in San Francisco spurred broad labor solidarity in these cities, transforming the strikes into massive working-class social upheavals. These three strikes, all led by revolutionary minded workers, proved to be strategic victories for

Harris Freeman

2009-01-01

444

Strategic Petroleum Reserve annual/quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

The Secretary of Energy is required to submit annual and quarterly reports to the President and the Congress on developmental activities of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve in accordance with Section 165 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975. This report combines the fourth quarter 1985 Quarterly Report and the 1985 Annual Report and is presented in five sections with an Appendix. The introductory section briefly covers the program legislation and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Plan and its amendments. The current status of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve is outlined in Section II and the appropriations, budget and finances to date are provided in Section III. Section IV addresses organization, management and contractor support. A discussion of the drawdown system and vulnerability impact are set forth in Section V. The Appendix contains detailed information on the status of each Strategic Petroleum Reserve Site. 9 figs., 8 tabs.

Not Available

1986-02-15

445

SYSTEMS CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF PETROLEUM POLLUTANTS  

EPA Science Inventory

The application of an established mathematical treatment useful for the characterization and identification of petroleum pollutants is described. Using discriminant analysis of relevant infrared spectrophotometric data, 99% of numerous known and unknown oil samples have been corr...

446

Annual Report 1982 (Petroleum Directorate, Stavanger, Norway).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The first chapter concerns the Directorates task, board of directors and management. The main part of the report deals with the drilling and production activity on the Norwegian continental shelf, safety control and petroleum economy. Geophysical and geol...

1983-01-01

447

Petroleum and Individual polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A general treatment of petroleum and PAHs including presentations on composition and characteristics, sources, environmental fate, and effects on plants, invertebrates, fish, reptiles and amphibians, birds, and mammals. A revision of the 1995 book chapter of the same title.

Albers, P.H.

2003-01-01

448

Determination of Petroleum Contamination in Brake Fluids.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The object of the investigation was to develop a procedure for the determination of small amounts of petroleum contaminants in conventional brake fluids. Gas liquid chromatography (GLC) and thin layer chromatography (TLC) were utilized. The procedure is a...

C. B. Jordan R. G. Jamison

1972-01-01

449

Sorption of petroleum products by carbon sorbents  

SciTech Connect

A comparative study of the adsorption of petroleum products by micro- and macroporous carbon sorbents was performed. For this purpose, four carbon sorbent samples prepared from various raw materials by various processing techniques were used. The following raw materials were used: (1) fuel mill from the Mezinoskoe deposit; (2) wood waste, shaving and sawdust in ratio (%) of 50:50; and (3) low-caking gas coal of the 2G group from the mine im.Kirova in the Kuznetsk Basin. The pore structures and adsorption capacities of these sorbents for petroleum products were studied. It was found that the adsorption of petroleum products on porous and nonporous carbon sorbents occurred in different manners. In this case, macroporous sorbents with a weakly developed structure of sorbing micro- and mesopores exhibited a maximum capacity for petroleum products.

M.A. Perederii; Y.I. Kurakov; I.N. Malikov; S.V. Molchanov [Institute for Fossil Fuels, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2009-07-01

450

Heavy Metals and the Petroleum Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this report is to investigate the amounts of heavy metals introduced into the environment by the petroleum industry during exploration and production operations, to examine their environmental impacts, and to compare those impacts to the he...

K. D. Ware

1993-01-01

451

Educational Campaign for Petroleum and Fuel Conservation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report discusses the desirability of and strategies for a campaign to encourage conservation among individual consumers of petroleum products in India. Topics covered include the potential for conservation in the unorganized consumers sector; selectio...

1979-01-01

452

Representation of petroleum fractions by group contribution  

SciTech Connect

Most oil and gas processing operations require estimation of phase equilibria. Proper characterization of the complex mixtures encountered in petroleum fractions is a major problem. In this work, the UNIFAC group contribution method for predicting vapor-liquid equilibria has been used as a basis for describing complex petroleum fractions in terms of model compounds. Standard procedures may be used to estimate critical properties, acentric factors, and molecular weights for the model compounds. This allows the inclusion of complex petroleum fractions in already available, generalized methods for phase equilibrium calculations, based on equations of state or the UNIFAC group-contribution method. Good results are obtained for lower and medium molecular weight petroleum fractions at temperatures up to 600 K. At higher temperatures, the method may fail due to present limitations of the UNIFAC method.

Ruzlcka, V. Jr.; Fredenslund, A.; Rasmussen, P.

1983-01-01

453

Petroleum supply annual 1995: Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA) contains information on the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. The publication reflects data that were collected from the petroleum industry during 1995 through monthly surveys. The PSA is divided into two volumes. This first volume contains three sections: Summary Statistics, Detailed Statistics, and selected Refinery Statistics each with final annual data. The second volume contains final statistics for each month of 1995, and replaces data previously published in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM). The tables in Volumes 1 and 2 are similarly numbered to facilitate comparison between them. Explanatory Notes, located at the end of this publication, present information describing data collection, sources, estimation methodology, data quality control procedures, modifications to reporting requirements and interpretation of tables. Industry terminology and product definitions are listed alphabetically in the Glossary.

NONE

1996-06-01

454

Petroleum supply annual 1998: Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA) contains information on the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. The publication reflects data that were collected from the petroleum industry during 1998 through monthly surveys. The PSA is divided into two volumes. The first volume contains three sections: Summary Statistics, Detailed Statistics, and Refinery Statistics; each with final annual data. This second volume contains final statistics for each month of 1998, and replaces data previously published in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM). The tables in Volumes 1 and 2 are similarly numbered to facilitate comparison between them. Explanatory Notes, located at the end of this publication, present information describing data collection, sources, estimation methodology, data quality control procedures, modifications to reporting requirements and interpretation of tables. Industry terminology and product definitions are listed alphabetically in the Glossary. 35 tabs.

NONE

1999-06-01

455

Petroleum supply annual 1996: Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA) contains information on the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. The publication reflects data that were collected from the petroleum industry during 1996 through monthly surveys. The PSA is divided into two volumes. The first volume contains three sections: Summary Statistics, Detailed Statistics, and Refinery Capacity; each with final annual data. The second volume contains final statistics for each month of 1996, and replaces data previously published in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM). The tables in Volumes 1 and 2 are similarly numbered to facilitate comparison between them. Explanatory Notes, located at the end of this publication, present information describing data collection, sources, estimation methodology, data quality control procedures, modifications to reporting requirements and interpretation of tables. Industry terminology and product definitions are listed alphabetically in the Glossary. 35 tabs.

NONE

1997-06-01

456

Petroleum Systems in the Austral Basin  

SciTech Connect

The aggressive exploration activities pursued over the past five years, both onshore and offshore, have contributed to increase our knowledge about how the Petroleum Systems functioned within the basin. Three main Petroleum Systems were identified, and referred to as Jurassic, Lower Cretaceous and Aptian-Tertiary Petroleum Systems. The Jurassic P.S. is restricted to the volcanic, volcaniclastic and clastic sequences (known as Tobifera Series) related to the opening of the South Atlantic Ocean. Lacustrine to marine black shales give good source rock, locally developed; oil and gas, poorly developed, was trapped in fluvial to littoral sandstones, related to the same sedimentary cycle. The Lower Cretaceous P.S. represents the main petroleum system of the Austral Basin, and it is related to the main oil and gas accumulations today known within the basin. The lateral relation between the marine source rocks (Palermo Aike, Inoceramus Inferior, Pampa Rincon Formations) and the continental to littoral Springhill Formation in a transgressive signature indicates the extent of the migration from the oil kitchen, in the present deep location of the basin, to the shallow eastern flank of the Austral Basin. The cumulative production and reserves of this efficient petroleum system are more than 400 MM of petroleum and gas equivalent. The Aptian-Tertiary P.S. is related to the Margas Verdes source rock that has fed younger reservoirs which have developed since the Upper Cretaceous (?)-Palaeocene and could also feed Upper Oligocene sandstones, associated with low-stand system tracts. Commercial accumulations were tested in Campo Boleadoras and Maria Ines fields, towards the deepest zones of the Austral Basin. This petroleum system will figure prominently in exploration activities over the coming years, specifically in those areas where the main petroleum system is not laterally efficient.

Robbiano, J.; Arbe, H. [Total Austral, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

1996-08-01

457

Dissolution of coal with petroleum pitch  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a method for making a meltable uniform carbonaceous mixture from coal, petroleum pitch and calcium oxide or calcium carbonate. It comprises mixing coal particles in the range of 100-200 mesh size with petroleum pitch and sufficient calcium oxide or calcium carbonate to convert the sulfur content of the pitch and the coal to calcium sulfate during burning, and heating the mixture at 300-500{degrees} F for ten to thirty minutes.

Orth, J.C.; Berg, L.

1992-06-30

458

Analysis of foreign petroleum contracts  

SciTech Connect

Most foreign exploration and production contracts are of two basic types: Production-Sharing contracts in which a portion of oil revenues, 'cost oil,' is available to the contractor for recoupment of exploration and production costs with the remainder, 'profit oil,' being shared according to an agreed-upon formula, and the familiar Tax-Royalty contract in which a share of petroleum revenues goes to the host country 'off the top' as royalties, and operating profits are taxed at the going rate. Bottom line splits of profits between host governments and contractors, which are approximately 50-50 in the United States, are typically in the 60-40 to 85-15 range elsewhere, with lower profit shares being offset by the higher volume potential and lower costs that may be associated with less mature exploration areas. Foreign contract qualities can be grossly compared by walking typical field models through the contracts to arrive at the bottom line profit splits. Variations within the contract forms include government participation, sliding scale contract elements, special taxes related to rates of return, etc. Often, contract terms are subject to negotiation and the tradeoffs between contract elements must be understood. Contract life, amortization schedules, fund repatriation, currency exchange rates, and the interaction of foreign and United States tax regimens are among the other factors that must be considered. Final decisions on foreign ventures must combine consideration of contracts, economic projections, hydrocarbon volumes, exploration cost estimates, and the estimated probability of success into an overall project assessment.

Moran, S.S.

1991-03-01

459

Petroleum geology of carbonate rocks  

SciTech Connect

Where oil and gas supervene in reservoirs consisting of both limestone and dolomite, the dolomite and dolomitic rocks are usually the more prolific producers of petroleum. Even the dismissal by some oil explorers of primary or evaporitic dolostones from the category of reservoir rocks have recently been challenged; for example, by the discovery of more than 500 million barrels of oil in a primary dolomite and associated dolomitized portion of the Trenton (Ordovician) limestone of the Lima-Indiana field across the Cincinnati and Findlay arches. Permeability decreased updip where oil in the magnesian phase of the limestone disposed a stratigraphic trap. Oil geologists found that both porosity and permeability developed during dolomitization. Temperature and pressure, time, pH, Eh, and salinity are all important controls. Evaporation of sea water past the point of calcium sulphate precipitation suppresses the chemically inhibiting influence of calcium sulphate in solution on dolomite precipitation and increases the Mg/Ca ration from 1:1 at low salinities to over 5:1 or 10:1 in a hypersaline environment.

Billo, S.M. [King Saud Univ., Riyadh (Saudi Arabia)

1995-09-01

460

Radon effective dose from TENORM waste associated with petroleum industries.  

PubMed

Technically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive material (TENORM) associated with petroleum industries can be accumulated with elevated quantities and therefore can threat the workers through external and internal exposure. Measurements of radon-related parameters give information about the radioactivity levels in the TENORM waste using the well-established correlation. Also, it is useful to calculate the internal exposure due to radon inhalation in terms of effective radon dose. Among radon-related parameters, areal exhalation rate is the most suitable for characterising land and objects with only upper surface contamination in the case of petroleum waste. The TENORM in this study is collected from waste storage areas located near oilfields at south Sinai governorate, Egypt. The average values of exhalation rates as measured by Lucas cell based on delay count method are 273 +/- 144 and 38 +/- 8 Bq m(-2) h(-1) for scale and sludge, respectively. Whereas, two count method gives results with 18 and 20 % lower values for scale and sludge, respectively with good correlation coefficient of 0.999 and 0.852, respectively. Sealed cup fitted with CR-39 gives results compatible with Lucas cell with minor deviation in case of scale due to its thoron content. The results of CR-39 are qualified by taking into consideration the correction for back diffusion effect. The effective radon dose was calculated for different simulated radioactive waste storage areas with different contaminated areas and air ventilation rate. Minimising the contaminated areas and building up efficient ventilation systems can reduce the internal exposure even in the case of RWSA-containing TENORM with elevated radioactivity. PMID:19706722

Abo-Elmagd, M; Soliman, H A; Daif, Manal M

2009-09-01

461

Petroleum Resource Assessment of the Alberta Basin Using 4-D Petroleum System Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The U.S. Geological Survey assessment of undiscovered resources for conventional and continuous (unconventional) oil and gas in the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin (WCSB) will be based on the geologic elements of each Total Petroleum System (TPS) defined within the province, including petroleum source rocks (source-rock maturation, oil and gas generation and migration), reservoir rocks (depositional setting and petrophysical properties),

Debra K. Higley; Michael D. Lewan

462

Petroleum and the Environment: Teaching about Petroleum and the Future of Energy Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students live in a world that is powered by petroleum and other energy resources to an unsurpassed degree. The United States today consumes more than 24% of all the energy used in the world--and about 60% of this energy is provided by petroleum (oil and natural gas). The availability of abundant, inexpensive energy is the main reason that the…

Hudson, Travis; Camphire, Geoffrey

2005-01-01

463

Energy Data Reports: Crude Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Natural Gas Liquids, 1979. Final Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Data are presented on crude oil, refined petroleum products and natural gas liquids supply, disposition and stocks in the US for 1979. Production of crude petroleum (including lease condensate) in the US in 1979 averaged 8,552,000 barrels/day, a decrease ...

M. R. Simmons

1980-01-01

464

31 CFR 538.210 - Prohibited transactions relating to petroleum and petrochemical industries.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Prohibited transactions relating to petroleum and petrochemical industries. 538... Prohibited transactions relating to petroleum and petrochemical industries. ...United States persons relating to the petroleum or petrochemical industries in...

2013-07-01

465

46 CFR 105.90-1 - Existing commercial fishing vessels dispensing petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Existing commercial fishing vessels dispensing petroleum products. 105.90-1...VESSELS COMMERCIAL FISHING VESSELS DISPENSING PETROLEUM PRODUCTS Existing Commercial Fishing Vessels Dispensing Petroleum Products §...

2010-10-01

466

46 CFR 105.90-1 - Existing commercial fishing vessels dispensing petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Existing commercial fishing vessels dispensing petroleum products. 105.90-1...VESSELS COMMERCIAL FISHING VESSELS DISPENSING PETROLEUM PRODUCTS Existing Commercial Fishing Vessels Dispensing Petroleum Products §...

2009-10-01

467

Partial oxidation of upgraded petroleum coke  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a process for the partial oxidation of particulate petroleum coke substantially comprising carbon and containing a small amount of ash comprising vanadium constituents and other materials to produce in a gas generating zone a raw gaseous stream comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide and containing entrained unconverted particulate petroleum coke. The coke comprised of carbon and vanadium containing ash. The gaseous stream is cooled and scrubbed with water in gas cooling and scrubbing zones to produce a cooled and scrubbed clean gas stream. An aqueous dispersion of vanadium contains unconverted particulate petroleum coke. The improvement comprises: (1) mixing the aqueous dispersion of vanadium containing unconverted particulate petroleum coke having a solids concentration in the range of about 0.5 to 20.0 weight percent and a particle size in the range of about 38 microns; below to less than about 1700 microns with about 0.10 to 0.50 weight percent (basis weight of the aqueous dispersion of unreacted petroleum coke) of a vanadium collection agent to selectively separate a vanadium enriched unconverted petroleum coke fraction from a vanadium-decreased unconverted petroleum coke fraction; and about 0.5 to 5.0 weight percent of a frothing agent to produce froth. Atoms C/sub 2/ to C/sub 7/ frothing agent is selected from the group consisting of cresylic acid, pine oil, poly-propylene glycol, and mixtures; and adjusting the pH of the mixture to a value in the range of about 3 to 10, providing the mixture is not already at the pH; (2) aerating the mixed aqueous dispersion from (1) in a froth flotation zone with a gaseous material from the group consisting of air, nitrogen, carbon monoxide, steam gaseous mixtures of H/sub 2/O and CO, and mixtures thereof, and with or without mechanical agitation forming a layer of froth which floats on a bottom layer of aqueous dispersion.

Vasconcellos, S.R.; Najjar, M.S.; Garcia, R.

1987-07-21

468

Petroleum supply monthly with data from January 1998  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States.

NONE

1998-03-01

469

Petroleum marketing monthly, May 1998, with data for February 1998  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides Information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly in five sections: summary statistics; crude oil prices; prices of petroleum products; volumes of petroleum products; prime supplier sales volumes of petroleum products for local consumption. 7 figs., 50 tabs.

NONE

1998-05-01

470

Petroleum marketing monthly, February 1999 with data for November 1998  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly in six sections: Initial Estimates; Summary Statistics; Crude Oil Prices; Prices of Petroleum Products; Volumes of Petroleum Products; and Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products for Local Consumption. 7 figs., 50 tabs.

NONE

1999-02-01

471

Petroleum marketing monthly, October 1998, with data for July 1998  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly in five sections: Summary statistics; Crude oil prices; Prices of petroleum products; Volumes of petroleum products; and Prime supplier sales volumes of petroleum products for local consumption. 7 figs., 50 tabs.

NONE

1998-10-01

472

Petroleum marketing monthly, September 1998, with data for June 1998  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly in five sections: summary statistics; crude oil prices; prices of petroleum products; volumes of petroleum products; prime supplier sales volumes of petroleum products for local consumption. 7 figs., 50 tabs.

NONE

1998-09-01

473

Petroleum marketing monthly: August 1998, with data for May 1998  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly in five sections: Summary Statistics; Crude Oil Prices; Prices of Petroleum Products; Volumes of Petroleum Products; and Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products for Local Consumption. 7 figs., 50 tabs.

NONE

1998-08-01

474

Petroleum marketing monthly, December 1998 with data for September 1998  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly in five sections: summary statistics; crude oil prices; prices of petroleum products; volumes of petroleum products; and prime supplier sales volumes of petroleum products for local consumption. 7 figs., 50 tabs.

NONE

1998-12-01

475

Petroleum marketing monthly, March 1999 with data for December 1998  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly in five sections: summary statistics; crude oil prices; prices of petroleum products; volumes of petroleum products; and prime supplier sales volumes of petroleum products for local consumption. 7 figs., 50 tabs.

NONE

1999-03-01

476

Petroleum marketing monthly, January 1999 with data for October 1998  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly in five sections: summary statistics; crude oil prices; prices of petroleum products; volumes of petroleum products; and prime supplier sales volumes of petroleum products for local consumption. 7 figs., 50 tabs.

NONE

1999-01-01

477

Petroleum marketing monthly, June 1998, with data from March 1998  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly in five sections: summary statistics; crude oil prices; prices of petroleum products; volumes of petroleum products and prime supplier sales volumes of petroleum products for local consumption. 7 figs., 50 tabs.

NONE

1998-06-01

478

Petroleum marketing monthly, November 1998, with data for August 1998  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly in five sections: Summary statistics; Crude oil prices; Prices of petroleum products; Volumes of petroleum products; and Prime supplier sales volumes of petroleum products for local consumption. 7 figs., 50 tabs.

NONE

1998-11-01

479

Petroleum marketing monthly, July 1998 with data for April 1998  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly in five sections: summary statistics; crude oil prices; prices of petroleum products; volumes of petroleum products; and prime supplier sales volumes of petroleum products for local consumption. 7 figs., 50 tabs.

NONE

1998-07-01

480

Petroleum supply monthly with data for March 1997  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major U.S. geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 states and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States.

NONE

1997-05-01

481

Putting 'international' back in IPEC.  

SciTech Connect

During the previous six annual sessions of the International Petroleum Environmental Conference (IPEC), little attention has been given to international issues. Although the US is clearly a leader in oil field research and regulatory development information is available on interesting projects throughout the world Many participants in IPEC have little exposure to international oil and gas environmental problems and solutions. Beginning with the 7th IPEC, a stronger effort is being made to include international issues in the confidence. This paper describes some of the author's experiences in working with international oil and gas environmental issues in North America, Latin America, Europe, and Asia. Among the topics to be discussed are the issues that developing oil and gas-producing nations face and the need for sensitivity to other nation's cultures and legal systems.

Veil, J. A.

2000-10-27

482

Technical Analysis of the International Oil Market.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study of the international oil market includes the changing structure of the industry, the worldwide surplus in refinery capacity and tankers, and the role of the spot market and movement of petroleum products between regions. The study shows there h...

1978-01-01

483

International energy annual 1990. [Contains Glossary  

SciTech Connect

The International Energy Annual presents current data and trends for production, consumption, imports, and exports of primary energy commodities in more than 190 countries, dependencies, and area of special sovereignty. Also included are prices on crude oil, petroleum products, natural gas, electricity, and coal in selected countries. (VC)

none,

1992-01-23

484

Petroleum supply monthly with data for June 1997  

SciTech Connect

Data presented in this publication describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United states and major U.S. geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the U.S. The report includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. Both summary and detailed statistics are presented. 16 figs., 56 tabs.

NONE

1997-08-01

485

Petroleum supply annual 1996: Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA) contains information on the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. The publication reflects data that were collected from the petroleum industry during 1996 through annual and monthly surveys. The PSA is divided into two volumes. This first volume contains three sections: Summary Statistics, Detailed Statistics, and Refinery Capacity; each with final annual data. The summary statistics section show 16 years of data depicting the balance between supply, disposition and ending stocks for various commodities including crude oil, motor gasoline, distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, jet fuel propane/propylene, and liquefied petroleum gases. The detailed statistics section provide 1996 detailed statistics on supply and disposition, refinery operations, imports and exports, stocks, and transportation of crude oil and petroleum products. The refinery capacity contain listings of refineries and associated crude oil distillation and downstream capacities by State, as of January 1, 1997, as well as summaries of corporate refinery capacities and refinery storage capacities. In addition, refinery receipts of crude oil by method of transportation for 1996 are provided. Also included are fuels consumed at refineries, and lists of shutdowns, sales, reactivations, and mergers during 1995 and 1996. 16 figs., 59 tabs.

NONE

1997-06-01

486

Economics and regulation of petroleum futures markets  

SciTech Connect

Because the futures market in petroleum products is a relatively recent phenomenon, the implications of public policies formulated for that market have not yet been fully explored. To provide the Office of Competition of the Department of Energy (DOE) with sufficient information to assess policy alternatives, Resource Planning Associates, Inc. (RPA) was asked to analyze the development of the futures market in No. 2 oil, assess the potential for futures markets in other petroleum products, and identify policy alternatives available to DOE. To perform this analysis, the criteria for a viable futures market was established first. Then, the experience to date with the 18-month-old futures market in No. 2 oil was examined, and the potential for viable futures markets in No. 6 oil, gasoline, jet fuel, and crude oil was assessed. Finally, how existing DOE regulations and prospective actions might affect petroleum futures market development was investigated.

Not Available

1980-08-01

487

Petroleum and mineral resources of Antarctica  

SciTech Connect

Following the introduction, this publication contains the following papers: (1) Are there petroleum resources in Antarctica. by John C. Behrendt; (2) Mineral occurrences of Antarctica by Peter D. Rowley, Paul L. Williams, and Douglas E. Pride; and (3) Dufek intrusion of Antarctica and a survey of minor metals and possible resources by Arthur B. Ford. The first report summarizes the information relevant to petroleum resources. Although uneconomic at present, petroleum is generally considered more likely to be exploited (if supergiant fields were ever found) in the next few decades than hard minerals. The second report reviews the reported occurrences of minerals in Antarctica and discusses their significance. The final report discusses the Dufek layered mafic intrusion, second only to the Bushveld Complex in size in the world; the Dufek intrusion might be considered as a potential target for mineral exploration. 370 references, 28 figures, 4 tables.

Behrendt, J.C. (ed.)

1983-01-01

488

Petroleum systems, resources of Southeast Asia, Australasia  

SciTech Connect

The Southeast Asia-Australasia region has over 100 productive petroleum systems ranging in age from the Paleozoic to the Pliocene. Plate tectonics have played a fundamental role in controlling the distribution and character of the region`s petroleum systems. There is a clear division between those systems on the Eurasian plate and those on the Indo-Australian plate. The distribution of significant oil and gas resources is highly concentrated in just a few chrono-stratigraphic units. Early Tertiary Paleogene source rocks account for over 50% of the region`s in-place petroleum resources. This article summarizes the region`s systems and resources, and compares and contrasts some of their essential elements in Southeast Asia and Australasia. With average production of 3.2 million b/d of oil and 18 bscfd of gas, the region accounts for almost 6% of world oil and gas production.

Howes, J. [Atlantic Richfield Indonesia Inc., Jakarta (Indonesia)

1997-12-15

489

Petroleum marketing monthly, October 1991. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

This report is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiner's acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented. 12 figs., 55 tabs.

Not Available

1991-10-10

490

Petroleum marketing monthly, September 1990. [Contains Glossary  

SciTech Connect

This report is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, education institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners' acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented. 12 figs., 55 tabs.

Not Available

1990-12-11

491

Effect of petroleum hydrocarbons on algae  

SciTech Connect

Algal species (65) were isolated from oil refinery effluent. Twenty-five of these species were cultured in Benecke's medium in a growth chamber, along with controls. Retardation in algal growth, inhibition in algal photosynthesis, and discoloration was observed in petroleum enriched medium. Few forms, viz. Cyclotella sp., Cosmarium sp., and Merismopedia sp. could not survive. The lag phase lengthened by several days and slope of exponential phase was also depressed. Chlamydomonas sp., Scenedesmus sp., Ankistrodesmus sp., Nitzschia sp. and Navicula sp. were comparatively susceptible to petroleum. Depression in carbon fixation, cell numbers, and total dry algal mass was noticeable, showing toxicity to both diatoms and green algae.

Bhadauria, S. (Raja Balwant Singh College, Agra (India)); Sengar, R.M.S. (Agra College (India)); Mittal, S.; Bhattacharjee, S. (IARI, New Delhi (India))

1992-01-01

492

Assessing opportunities in the Soviet petroleum industry  

SciTech Connect

Western interest and activity in the Soviet Union's petroleum industry is surging ahead currently with the support of the Soviet government and related hydrocarbon entities. Western companies recently have negotiated protocol agreements, distribution accords and joint venture pacts. The scope of these agreements takes in the service/supply industry, drilling contractors, and major and independent producers. This paper attempts to assess today's climate in the Soviet Union and the most probable chances for Western participation in that country's petroleum industry during the coming years.

Pike, W.J.

1991-06-01

493

Petroleum habitat of east Siberia, Russia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

East Siberia comprises three petroleum provinces - Lena-Tunguska, Lena-Vilyuy, and Yenisey-Anabar - that occupy the area of the Siberian craton. Petroleum has been generated and has accumulated in Precambrian rifts beneath the sedimentary basins and, more importantly, within the section of the basin itself. The platformal deposits of the basins extend beneath overthrusts on the east and south and are covered by sedimentary rocks of the West Siberian province on the west. Permafrost and gas hydrate deposits are present throughout most of East Siberia. The hydrocarbon habitat of the three provinces is described. -from Author

Clarke, J. W.

1994-01-01

494

Strategic petroleum reserve data acquisition system  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Data Acquisition System is a general purpose, digital data acquisition system designed for field use in the DOE's Strategic Petroleum Reserve testing and monitoring program. The system is computer driven, under the control of an operator. The system is designed to allow the operator to perform pre-test system configuration; test monitoring and control; and post test analysis. This document is a system description and an operator users manual. Topics covered include: configuration and running on-line tests, software documentation, and maintenance programming information.

Merillat, P D; Bauer, A G

1980-10-01

495

[Canadian Petroleum Products Institute]: Annual review, 1998  

SciTech Connect

The CPPI was created as a non-profit association of Canadian refiners and marketers of petroleum products. The Institute represents a membership of Canadian companies involved in refining, transporting and marketing of petroleum products. These companies supply domestic and industrial consumers with products ranging from gasoline and diesel fuel to asphalt. The Institute conducts research to develop industry policy on environmental, health, safety and business issues. This report covers industry operations, industry economics and financial performance, environmental protection and safety, awards, and publications.

Not Available

1999-01-01

496

The mirage of higher petroleum prices  

SciTech Connect

Most petroleum industry price forecasters do not possess a record of which they can be proud. Long-term petroleum market forecasting has been so inaccurate that it has often been described as virtually impossible. To avoid criticism of their performance, many organizations no longer circulate their forecasts. Why have the forecasts been so wrong? Because of failure to predict supply. This paper reviews the erroneous methods used to predict price trends in the oil and gas industry and identifies methods to correct the problem.

Lynch, M.C. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States). Center for International Studies

1996-02-01

497

TREATMENT OF HAZARDOUS PETROLEUM CONTAMINATED SOILS BY THERMAL DESORPTION TECHNOLOGIES  

EPA Science Inventory

Spills, leaks, and accidental discharges of petroleum products have contaminated soil at thousands of sites in the United States. ne remedial action technique for treating petroleum contaminated soil is the use of thermal desorption technologies. his paper describes key elements ...

498

29 CFR 794.132 - âPetroleum productsâ.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Distributors § 794.132 âPetroleum productsâ. A sale by an enterprise...wholesale or bulk distribution of petroleum products will be included in the 25...bulk and for resale, of âpetroleum productsâ. The term âpetroleum...

2009-07-01

499

Petroleum supply monthly, November 1996 with data for September 1996  

SciTech Connect

Data presented in this report describes the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the US and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products fin the US (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the US. The tables and figures in the Summary Statistics section present a time series of selected petroleum data on a US level. The Detailed Statistics tables present statistics for the most current month available as well as year-to-date. 16 figs., 66 tabs.

NONE

1996-11-01

500

Petroleum supply monthly with data for December 1996  

SciTech Connect

This report presents statistical data on the production, imports, exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States.

NONE

1997-02-01