Note: This page contains sample records for the topic international petroleum encyclopedia from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

1985 international petroleum encyclopedia  

SciTech Connect

This encyclopedia contains a 141-page oil and gas atlas section. New to the 1985 edition are: special reports detailing busy times in Canada's offshore waters; a special report on heavy oil; the latest action in Alaska's North Slope operations; a special section on the conflict in the Persian Gulf, home of most of the world's production and reserves; a discussion of the many mergers in the industry; and a new country-by-country refinery survey.

Not Available

1985-01-01

2

International petroleum encyclopedia, 1987  

SciTech Connect

Highlights of the 1987 edition include: a completely updated atlas section featuring new maps of Guatemala, the North Slope, Angola, South China Sea, Oman Offshore, Bohai Gulf, and Offshore Santa Maria Basin; a 25-page look at activity, prospects and operations in North Sea; a commentary on ''Oil After The Crash'' the current OGJ 400 Report; a look at the worldwide refining industry; a survey of refining and petrochemical catalysts; a special feature detailing EOR projects in the U.S. and worldwide; an update on activity in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico; and a current report on drilling technology.

Not Available

1987-01-01

3

International petroleum statistics report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The International Petroleum Statistic Report, a monthly publication, presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The four sections of this April 1995 report are as follows: time series data on world oil production ...

1995-01-01

4

International petroleum development agreements  

SciTech Connect

There are recognizable legal elements in all of the international arrangements for petroleum development currently in use but no arrangements are exactly like the typical American oil and gas lease. This article discusses differences and approaches to the differences in legal aspects of international petroleum development agreements. Topics covered include the following: oil and national sovereignty; obtaining a development agreement; concession and production sharing agreements; participation; differences among agreements.

Smith, E.E. [Univ. of Texas School of Law, Austin, TX (United States)

1993-12-31

5

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report is a monthly publication that provides current international oil data. This report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world, in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries.

NONE

1995-10-01

6

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report is a monthly publication that provides current international oil data. This report is published for the use of Members of Congress, Federal agencies, State agencies, industry, and the general public. Publication of this report is in keeping with responsibilities given the Energy Information Administration in Public Law 95-91. The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1985 through 1995.

NONE

1997-05-01

7

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report is a monthly publication that provides current international data. The report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent 12 months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1996; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1996; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996.

NONE

1997-07-01

8

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Edited by Edward N. Zalta, Consulting Associate Professor of Philosophy at Stanford, this site claims to be the first dynamic encyclopedia. Unlike standard reference works or CD-ROMS, each entry in the Stanford Encyclopedia is maintained and kept up to date by experts in the field. As a result, the entries and the Encyclopedia as a whole are responsive to new developments in the field. The Encyclopedia is still very much under development, with many topics awaiting an entry. However, regular users may track new additions via the What's New section. Additional resources include an internal search engine and an archive of the previous three editions of the Encyclopedia.

1999-01-01

9

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. Word oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1985 through 1995.

NONE

1996-10-01

10

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1084 through 1994.

NONE

1996-05-01

11

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994.

NONE

1995-07-27

12

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994.

NONE

1995-11-01

13

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; stocks from 1973 through 1995, and trade from 1985 through 1995.

NONE

1996-12-01

14

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994.

NONE

1996-03-01

15

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

This monthly publication provides current international oil data. The Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the OECD. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries.

Not Available

1994-05-01

16

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

This document is a monthly publication which provides current data on international oil production,demand,imports and stocks. This report has four sections which contain time series data on world oil production and oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Also included is oil supply/demand balance information for the world, and data on oil imports and trade by OECD countries.

NONE

1997-11-01

17

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

This monthly publication provides current data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the OECD. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries.

Not Available

1995-01-01

18

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

This monthly publication provides international oil data for January 1998. The report presents data on oil production, demand, imports, and stocks in four sections. Section 1 containes time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. Section 4 containes annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries.

NONE

1998-01-01

19

Designing a Hypertext Electronic Encyclopedia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies five design requirements for electronic encyclopedias, based on the content and structure of printed encyclopedias and the uses that people make of them. Three existing hypertext programs (Owl International's Guide, HyperCard, and HyperTIES) are compared in terms of their ability to satisfy these design requirements. (CLB)

Glushko, Robert J.

1990-01-01

20

Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 46th state, Oklahoma, presents its unusual history with the online version of The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. The Encyclopedia was prepared by over 500 "university-based scholars and independent historians and scholars," and was a joint effort by The Oklahoma Historical Society and Oklahoma State University Library Electronic Publishing Center. Visitors can click on the "Table of Contents" link near the bottom of the homepage to "Browse Entries Alphabetically", "Browse Entries Chronologically", or "Browse Entries by Subject". Browsing via chronology introduces visitors to Oklahoma starting with the "Precontact Era", through the "Westward Expansion" and on to "Twentieth Century to Present". Subject categories include "African Americans", "Farming", "Military", and "Petroleum". When searching, visitors will be taken to the Electronic Publishing Center Search Page, so they will need to choose the specific collection, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, from the drop down box, to confine the search to the Encyclopedia.

21

McGraw Hill encyclopedia of science and technology. An international reference work in fifteen volumes including an index  

SciTech Connect

This extensively revised and updated 5th Edition features contributions by 3000 distinguished experts - including 16 Nobel Prize winners - working with an international advisory board and 60 consulting editors. Thorough coverage is devoted to 75 separate disciplines in science and technology, from acoustics and biochemistry through fluid mechanics and geophysics to thermodynamics and vertebrate zoology. Detailed entries examine not only the physical and natural sciences, but also all engineering disciplines, discussing both the basic and the most recent theories, concepts, terminology, discoveries, materials, methods, and techniques. All of the new developments and technical advances that have occurred during the last five years - in each of the 75 disciplines - have been added to the encyclopedia and are explored in depth. Completely new material deals with such timely and newsworthy subjects as genetic engineering, artificial intelligence, nuclear medicine, desertification, psycholinguistics, industrial robots, and immunoassay. Also covered in extensive entries are such current topics as video disk recording, metallic glasses, acoustic levitation, magnetic bubble memory, gluons, and computerized tomography. The encyclopedia includes more than 15,000 photographs, drawings, maps, charts, and diagrams, shown in full-color, two-color, or black-and-white reproductions.

Not Available

1982-01-01

22

Burns Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provide by Burns Country, this full-text, online version of "the definitive Robert Burns reference volume" serves as a useful handbook to Scotland's most famous poet and the intellectual circles in which he turned. The encyclopedia, which is in HTML format, is organized alphabetically. Burns Country offers a number of other related resources, chief among them a songs and poems archive containing 100 of the poet's works. Other features at the site include a discussion area, Burns and Scottish association links, and some commercial content.

Lindsay, Maurice.

23

McGraw-Hill encyclopedia of physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Encyclopedia is thoroughly comprehensive and up to date. The 760 alphabetically arranged articles, written by the leading international authorities on each of the subjects, were selected from the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology (5th ed., 1982). The text is supplemented by more than 1000 drawings, graphs, charts, and photographs. All information is readily accessible through a detailed analytical

1983-01-01

24

International petroleum statistics report, March 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report is a monthly publication that provides current international oil data. This report is published for the use of Members of Congress, Federal agencies, State agencies, industry, and the general public. The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1996; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1996; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996.

NONE

1998-03-01

25

International petroleum statistics report, July 1999  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report is a monthly publication that provides current international oil data. This report is published for the use of Members of Congress, Federal agencies, State agencies, industry, and the general public. The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1990, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years and annually for the three years prior to that. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1998; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1998; and OECD trade from 1988 through 1998. 4 figs., 44 tabs.

NONE

1999-07-01

26

Encyclopedia Reviews 1978  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews thirteen 1978 edition encyclopedias: Book of Art, Britannica Jr., Britannica 3, Childcraft, Collier's, Compton's. Encyclopedia Americana, Funk & Wagnalls, Merit Students, New Caton, Random House, New Standard, and World Book. (SB)|

Minemier, Betty

1978-01-01

27

International petroleum statistics report, November 1993  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1992; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1992: and OECD trade from 1982 through 1992.

Not Available

1993-11-26

28

International petroleum statistics report, October 1997  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1996; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1996; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

NONE

1997-10-01

29

International Petroleum Statistics Report, January 1994  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade for the years 1970 through 1992; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1992; and OECD trade from 1982 through 1992.

Not Available

1994-01-31

30

International petroleum statistics report, May 1993  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1980, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade for the years 1970 through 1992; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1992; and OECD trade from 1982 through 1992.

Not Available

1993-06-01

31

International petroleum statistics report, September 1993  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1980, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1992; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1992; and OECD trade from 1982 through 1992. Data for the United States are developed by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) Office of Oil and Gas. Data for other countries are derived largely from published sources including International Energy Agency publications, the EIA International Energy Annual, and the trade press. (See sources after each section). All data are reviewed by the International Statistics Branch of EIA. All data have been converted to units of measurement familiar to the American public. Definitions of oil production and consumption are consistent with other EIA publications.

Not Available

1993-09-28

32

International petroleum statistics report, May 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics report is a monthly publication that provides current international oil data. It presents data on international production, demand, imports and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two year. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997, and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 fig., 48 tabs.

NONE

1998-05-01

33

New generation solutions for international petroleum data  

SciTech Connect

Changes in the international petroleum industry demand new solutions to meet the needs of national oil companies (NOCs) and international oil companies. The elimination of political barriers has opened more of the world to exploration and production. Consequently, there is increasing competition for investment. NOCs want to attract investment and improve the management of their natural resources. International oil companies require complete data in standard digital formats to improve evaluations and lower risks. Past practices of limiting access to data rooms and coping with incompatible project files no longer meet industry's needs. New generation solution requirements include the following: (1) Data Capture/Archiving: Data are organized, indexed digitally, and archived. Bar coding, digitizing, and scanning technologies maximize electronic data control and reconstruction. (2) Data Management: The database employs an industry standard data model and a relational DBMS. Screen data entry and loaders with interactive edits function on workstations and PCs. A spatial user interface for browsing, comprehensive queries, report generation, and mapping is provided through a tightly linked GIS. (3) Data Transfer/Delivery: Standard and ad hoc data exports are provided along with tightly linked custom interfaces to leading applications. (4) Applications: State-of-the-art applications spanning E P functions are integrated with the Date Management System.

Stark, P.H. (Petroleum Information Corp., Denver, CO (United States)); Hodgson, R. (Petroleum Information Cor., Houston, TX (United States)); Gawron, J. (Landmark Graphics Corp., Houston, TX (United States))

1994-07-01

34

International Petroleum Statistics Report, July 1994  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1993; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1993; and OECD trade from 1983 through 1993. Data for the United States are developed by the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) Office of Oil and Gas. Data for other countries are derived largely from published sources, including International Energy Agency publications, the EIA International Energy Annual, and the trade press. (See sources after each section.) All data are reviewed by the International Statistics Branch of EIA. All data have been converted to units of measurement familiar to the American public. Definitions of oil production and consumption are consistent with other EIA publications.

Not Available

1994-07-26

35

International petroleum statistics report, November 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1998-11-01

36

International petroleum statistics report, December 1993  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1992; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1992; and OECD trade from 1982 through 1992. 41 tabs.

Not Available

1993-12-01

37

International petroleum statistics report, August 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

NONE

1998-08-01

38

International petroleum statistics report, March 1995  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data for March 1995 on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1993; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1993; and OECD trade from 1983 through 1993.

NONE

1995-03-30

39

International petroleum statistics report, September 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1998-09-01

40

International petroleum statistics report, April 1999  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance fore the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

NONE

1999-05-04

41

International petroleum statistics report, June 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

NONE

1998-06-01

42

International petroleum statistics report, February 1997  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1985 through 1995. 4 figs., 47 tabs.

NONE

1997-02-01

43

International petroleum statistics report, April 1994  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1993; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1993; and OECD trade from 1982 through 1992. 41 tables.

Not Available

1994-04-01

44

International petroleum statistics report, April 1997  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1985 through 1995. 4 figs., 47 tabs.

NONE

1997-04-01

45

International petroleum statistics report, January 1999  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1999-01-01

46

International petroleum statistics report, June 1999  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1990, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years and annually for the three years prior to that. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1998; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1998; and OECD trade from 1988 through 1998. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1999-06-01

47

International petroleum statistics report, February 1996  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994.

NONE

1996-02-28

48

International petroleum statistics report, September 1996  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1985 through 1995.

NONE

1996-09-27

49

International petroleum statistics report, March 1999  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1990, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years and annually for the three years prior to that. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarter data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

NONE

1999-03-01

50

International petroleum statistics report, April 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on International oil production, demand, imports and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1998-04-01

51

International petroleum statistics report, December 1997  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. The balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1996; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1996; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1997-12-01

52

International petroleum statistics report, December 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1998-12-01

53

International petroleum statistics report, July 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1998-07-01

54

International petroleum statistics report, February 1994  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1992; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1992; and OECD trade from 1982 through 1992.

Not Available

1994-02-28

55

International petroleum statistics report, October 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1997; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1997; and OECD trade from 1987 through 1997. 4 figs., 46 tabs.

NONE

1998-10-01

56

International petroleum statistics report, February 1999  

SciTech Connect

The International petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970--1997; OECD stocks from 1973--1997; and OECD trade from 1987--1997.

NONE

1999-02-01

57

International petroleum statistics report, August 1994  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1993; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1993; and OECD trade from 1983 through 1993.

Not Available

1994-08-26

58

International petroleum statistics report, May 1999  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1990, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1998; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1998; and OECD trade from 1988 through 1998. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

NONE

1999-05-01

59

International petroleum statistics report, March 1994  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1992; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1992; and OECD trade from 1982 through 1992.

NONE

1994-03-28

60

International petroleum statistics report, June 1997  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1996; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1996; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996. 46 tabs.

NONE

1997-06-01

61

International petroleum statistics report, February 1998  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1996; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1996; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

NONE

1998-02-01

62

International petroleum statistics report, August 1995  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994.

NONE

1995-08-25

63

International petroleum statistics report, September 1995  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994. 4 figs., 45 tabs.

NONE

1995-09-01

64

International petroleum statistics report, November 1994  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The International production, and on oil and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1993; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1993; and OECD trade from 1983 through 1993.

Not Available

1994-11-25

65

International petroleum statistics report, October 1993  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1980, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1992; OECD stocks from 1982 through 1992.

Not Available

1993-10-27

66

The Encyclopedia of Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews a major new subject encyclopedia, the Encyclopedia of Psychology, jointly published by the American Psychological Association and Oxford University Press. This comprehensive and scholarly reference tool encompasses the discipline's theory, research, practice, and history. All of the articles are signed and include bibliographies. The author describes important features of the set, including biographies, articles about psychology in

Barbara Wales

2002-01-01

67

Encyclopedia Roundup 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This second annual encyclopedia summary updates the American Library Association's (ALA) evaluation of 10 sets and analyzes the deletions and additions made to each encyclopedia within the context of each publisher's revision plans. The board looked specifically for significant changes in purpose, arrangement, content style, general quality, and…

American Library Association, Chicago, IL.

68

Jewish Encyclopedia.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Standing as a testament to the wide ranging contributions of the Jewish people to world culture and history, this Web site contains the complete contents of the massive 12-volume Jewish Encyclopedia, originally published between 1901-1906 by the Funk & Wagnall's Company. Conceived and funded by the Kopelman Foundation, this compilation is the only free encyclopedia of Judaica available on the Internet. While the encyclopedia obviously does not include such topics as the creation of the state of Israel or the Holocaust, it is a rather fascinating collection that recalls an interesting period in scholarship, and is a helpful historical document. Visitors can browse by the encyclopedia by letter, along with viewing a transcription of each entry and any accompanying images included with each entry. Those who might be interested in helping compile an updated version of the encyclopedia are also invited to join the mailing list.

69

Encyclopedia of 1848 Revolutions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by Ohio University Professor Emeritus of History James Chastain, this online encyclopedia contains a large number of articles written by scholars from around the world on topics related to the "Springtime of the Peoples," the popular revolutions that spread across Europe in 1848. Users can browse the encyclopedia by alphabetical entry or by contributor, although the latter is not currently available. Typical entries contain one lengthy or several smaller paragraphs and a bibliography. The site also includes an introduction by Chastain which discusses the study of 1848 and the Encyclopedia's contents. Both scholars and students studying nineteenth-century Europe will find this site a handy reference resource.

Chastain, James.

70

The Canadian Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 2000, Historica, a Canadian foundation dedicated to the preservation of Canadian cultural heritage, posted the first online edition of The Canadian Encyclopedia, a massive one-volume reference to Canada authored by over 4,000 Canadians. This searchable edition features more than 10,000 articles written by a broad base of Canadians who are experts in their individual subjects. (An aggressive act of intellectual egalitarianism, the work employs far more authors than the much larger, but more editorially driven, Encyclopedia Britannica.) In addition to entries written in hypertext format with bibliographies, the encyclopedia offers interactive elements, such as statistical graphs, multimedia presentations of key historical events, quizzes and games, student guides, monthly topical features, and more. The encyclopedia is accessible in French and English and has a separate student's edition as well. Note: we did find some brief instances of printer code in the entries; it would appear that another edit of the online version would be beneficial.

2000-01-01

71

Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Wikipedia is a free online, editable encyclopedia that "all Internet users can collaborate on by writing and submitting new articles or improving existing ones." The project, which claims to be "living proof that content and knowledge can also organize themselves," uses a wiki, i.e. software to allow users to revise content. The website encourages community participation by listing Open Tasks, such as copy-editing, merging, and peer reviewing needing to be done for particular entries. The texts and media presented on Wikipedia are available to the public "to process the content further and disseminate it." There are also wikipedias in 50 other languages, including one in Esperanto, the invented international language. Users must create an account to contribute to Wikipedia, but anyone can browse the entries by topic area or search on a specific term. Within each entry are links to related items and some of the more extended entries include a table of contents for ease of navigation. Other sections of the website let you view the most recent changes (within the past seven days) or browse entries related to current events.

72

Encyclopedia of the Atmospheric Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Produced by the UK Atmosphere, Climate & Environment Information Programme, this site is designed as a one-stop resource for students and general users who have questions about atmospheric issues and terms. The encyclopedia is divided into sections, each of which contains a number of short definitions for selected terms. As a testament to the international appeal of the Simpsons, definitions for adults or younger users are noted by Mr. Burns and Bart Simpson icons, respectively. Also included are lengthy collections of related links and recommended reading.

United Kingdom. Atmosphere, Climate & Environment Information Programme.

2000-01-01

73

The Multimedia Encyclopedias Face Off.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compares three electronic encyclopedias offered for young people: Compton's, Encarta, and the new Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. Contents, interface, and navigation between articles are discussed; and recommended grade level, computer platforms, price, upgrade costs, documentation, and multimedia elements are compared. (LRW)|

Salpeter, Judy

1993-01-01

74

Weak Form Efficiency of the International Petroleum Exchange.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The hypothesis that prices follow a random walk is tested using daily data for 1981 to 1984 for six traded positions on the London International Petroleum Exchange gas oil futures market. The method uses a filter test statistics to evaluate possible depen...

P. J. W. N. Bird

1985-01-01

75

Energy data report: International Petroleum Annual, 1978  

SciTech Connect

This document contains information on the supply and demand of crude oil and refined products in the world. Production, imports, and exports are given for crude oil and refined products for the two most recent years available. Also given are stock changes in crude petroleum, domestic demand for refined products, and total refinery throughput or output. Information on imports, output, exports, and domestic demand are quantified for the current year for gasoline (aviation and motor), kerosene and jet fuel, distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, lubricants (including grease), and other refined products. World crude oil production and domestic demand are shown for each of the eleven most recent years. Information is shown for most of the world's countries, areas of the world (North America, Central America nd the Caribbean, South America, Western Europe, Middle East, Africa, and Asia), and their combined totals. Data for the Sino-Soviet area are included except for data concerning itemized refined products. This document also tabulates retail prices of motor gasoline (regular and premium), household kerosene, motor lubricating oil, distillate fuel oil, and bunker ''C'' fuel oil for selected cities in 56 major countries. Data are given in barrels per day and barrels where applicable. A narrative highlights the major developments for the two most recent years. 1 figure, 14 tables.

Not Available

1980-04-11

76

Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created as part of an interdisciplinary international effort to take a critical look at the phenomenon of mass violence, the Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence is supported by a number of organizations, including The Center for International Research and Studies and The Foundation for the Memory of the Shoah. The primary purpose of the Encyclopedia Project is "to create a regularly updated electronic database focusing on massacres and genocides of the 20th century." First-time visitors can use the interactive map of the world on the homepage to begin their exploration of the site. Within each region of the world (and by extension, each individual country), visitors can read chronological indexes, case studies, and take a look at scholarly reviews of works related to each region or country's genocides or massacres. Visitors should not miss the "Latest contributions" area, which includes the latest works from the Project. Recently featured items here have included an evaluation of The Boxer Uprising and the Burundi Killings of 1972. Overall, it's a very ambitious project, and one that scholars and members of the general public will want to check up on from time to time.

2008-01-01

77

Encyclopedia of Terrorism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As recent terrorist attacks on the United States, such as the Oklahoma City (Oklahoma) bombing, and the ongoing conflicts in the Middle East have shown, terrorism is an unfortunate reality that can have potentially devastating effects on governments, businesses, and individuals. This encyclopedia provides students, researchers, journalists, and…

Combs, Cindy C.; Slann, Martin

78

Encyclopedia of Terrorism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As recent terrorist attacks on the United States, such as the Oklahoma City (Oklahoma) bombing, and the ongoing conflicts in the Middle East have shown, terrorism is an unfortunate reality that can have potentially devastating effects on governments, businesses, and individuals. This encyclopedia provides students, researchers, journalists, and…

Combs, Cindy C.; Slann, Martin

79

Price controls and international petroleum product prices  

SciTech Connect

The effects of Federal refined-product price controls upon the price of motor gasoline in the United States through 1977 are examined. A comparison of domestic and foreign gasoline prices is made, based on the prices of products actually moving in international trade. There is also an effort to ascribe US/foreign market price differentials to identifiable cost factors. Primary emphasis is on price comparisons at the wholesale level, although some retail comparisons are presented. The study also examines the extent to which product price controls are binding, and attempts to estimate what the price of motor gasoline would have been in the absence of controls. The time period under consideration is from 1969 through 1977, with primary focus on price relationships in 1970-1971 (just before US controls) and 1976-1977. The foreign-domestic comparisons are made with respect to four major US cities, namely, Boston, New York, New Orleans, and Los Angeles. 20 figures, 14 tables.

Deacon, R.T.; Mead, W.J.; Agarwal, V.B.

1980-02-01

80

International petroleum statistics report, November 1996  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1985 through 1995. 4 figs., 45 tabs.

NONE

1996-11-01

81

International petroleum statistics report: April 1996  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994. 4 figs., 45 tabs.

NONE

1996-04-01

82

The Encyclopedia of Suns  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Suns! Many people are interested in astronomical research that touches on the relationship between astronomy and biology, or at least the possibility of biology on planets other than Earth. The popularity of research efforts such as the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) and extrasolar planet discovery, especially among the public, shows how strong a hold these ideas have. Currently, the Encyclopedia of Suns contains over 100 stars within 50 light years (15.3 parsecs) from the Sun. It contains all stars within that distance that meet specific criteria for being plausible locations for Earthlike planets. It also has some stars outside the 50 light year limit: those that are not only Sunlike, but which also have one or more planets orbiting them.

Nash, David

2009-05-22

83

Electrochemistry Dictionary and Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This dictionary, accompanied by the online Electrochemistry Encyclopedia (http://electrochem.cwru.edu/ed/encycl), provides brief definitions of words and phrases used often in electrochemistry, the branch of chemistry dealing with reactions involving electrical current or potential. For some terms, a second paragraph provides additional, more technically oriented information. Entries are organized in alphabetical order. The online encyclopedia features articles describing many aspects of electrochemistry, the branch of chemistry dealing with reactions involving electrical currents and potentials. The articles are written by leading experts in the field, but in a popular-science style accessible to the non-expert. New articles are added at irregular intervals, and all articles are periodically updated as new developments occur. The collection is browseable by a table of contents, by author, or by subject. It may also be searched by keyword or a string of terms. The Encyclopedia links to the Electrochemistry Dictionary (http://electrochem.cwru.edu/ed/dict.htm) and to other online resources.

Edited by Zoltan Nagy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

84

Online Nevada Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Nevada is much more than the Hoover Dam and a certain large neon-drenched city, and the Online Nevada Encyclopedia revels in covering aspects of the state that include business, mining, politics, exploration, and the economy of the Silver State. Started in 2007, the Encyclopedia has been developed by the Nevada Humanities organization, with generous support of the U.S. Department of Education and the State of Nevada. It's a good idea to start a tour through the site by looking at one of the exhibit galleries, which include "Civil Rights in Nevada" and "Hoover Dam". All four of the current exhibits bring together primary documents with brief descriptions of each document. After that, visitors should head over to the topical areas to read high-quality articles about various facets of the state. All of the articles are authored by subject experts, and they cover everything from the archaeology of Tule Springs to the spooky world of the state's many ghost towns.

85

Forest Encyclopedia Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Jointly developed by the USDA Forest Service Southern Research Station and Southern Regional Extension Forestry, this website has multiple online encyclopedias regarding the forests of the Southern United States, as well as one that covers the environmental threats facing all North American forests. This website is very user-friendly, both for visitors who are not natural resource professionals and those who are. For those visitors who are involved in the forest sciences, this website helpfully provides "scientific results, conclusions, and impacts with management needs and issues." On the left side of the page is a menu which allows the visitor to peruse the site through a thematic lens, or a global one. To view by theme, click on "Thematic" at the top of the menu. The themes visitors can click on include "So. Appalachian", "So. Pine Beetle", and "So. Fire Science". Under each theme are a multitude of clickable subthemes. For those visitors looking for a global view of the site, click on "Global" at the top of the menu. Topics include "Landscape", "Ecology", "Socio-Economics", and "Forest Health Protection". Forest scientists interested in contributing new scientific content to the Forest Encyclopedia Network can click on "Help" at the top of the website, which will take them to a link on the left side of the page entitled "Author Help".

86

Encyclopedia of Chicago History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Somewhere between Los Angeles and New York is a metropolis affectionately referred to by some as the "Second City". Also known as Chicago, this fair city has recently received its due with the publication of this outstanding reference volume. The online version offered on this site is even more authoritative than the print volume, as it contains a number of interactive maps and special features. Produced by the Chicago Historical Society, the Newberry Library and Northwestern University, this online edition allows users to search the entire contents of the Encyclopedia, and even browse digitized versions of the primary historical documents that serve as the research materials for the print articles. From the homepage, visitors can peruse a user's guide to the Encyclopedia. Each entry includes hypertext links, and in some cases, illustrative materials. For additional information, each entry also features some additional readings. Visitors will also want to take a look at the lovely maps produced for the volume, including a rather compelling map of Chicago's blues clubs. Finally, the special features area includes several interpretive digital essays on the Plan of Chicago of 1909 and galleries on such important topics as "How Chicagoans Remember Their History".

87

Concise international encyclopedia of robotics  

SciTech Connect

This volume serves as a guide to the rapidly growing field of robotics. The articles provide coverage of all of the associated theoretical aspects of robotics, as well as most of the present and future applications.

Dorf, R.C.; Nof, S.Y.

1990-01-01

88

Better Homes and Gardens Home Improvement Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Despite the commercial intentions of the site, this free online guide to home repair is superior to many similar offerings on the Web. Organized in five principle sections (Plumbing, Wiring, Carpentry, Decks, and Masonry & Concrete), the Encyclopedia covers a good variety of subtopics, from selecting and buying lumber to replacing a faucet or water heater to pouring concrete. Generally aimed at users with some skills but not necessarily much experience in home repair, the projects are clearly explained, with generous illustrations and, in some cases, an "Animated How-To." Project information includes estimated time, required skills and tools, cautions, and links to related projects. Additional resources include a glossary, tool encyclopedia, and an internal search engine.

89

Music Heritage Network Instrument Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Music Heritage Network Instrument Encyclopedia is an initiative of the CHICO (Cultural Heritage Information and Community Outreach) project at the University of Michigan's School of Information (SI). SI cooperated with the School of Music's Stearns Museum of Musical Instruments to develop this comprehensive resource about instruments from around the world. Users may browse the encyclopedia by the Sachs-Hornbostel classification scheme, by geographic origin, or by four major instrument types: percussion, string, wind, and electronic. Users may also conduct full-text searches, or they may search the encyclopedia by instrument title, origin, maker, materials, or description. In addition, an instrument glossary as well as links to other instrument reference resources are available at the site.

1999-01-01

90

Encyclopedia of the Cold War  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1945 and 1991, tension between the USA, its allies, and a group of nations led by the USSR, dominated world politics. This period was called the Cold War – a conflict that stopped short to a full-blown war. Benefiting from the recent research of newly open archives, the Encyclopedia of the Cold War discusses how this state of perpetual

Dijk van R

2008-01-01

91

Wolbachia pipientis - Encyclopedia of Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Encyclopedia of Life species page offers a comprehensive summary of the biology, ecology, evolution and relevance of Wolbachia pipientis. It includes an interactive media panel with images, videos and distribution maps, as well as a navigable classification structure. The page is supplemented with links to literature references, educational opportunities and additional research links.

Life, Encyclopedia O.

92

Proceedings of the international meeting on petroleum engineering  

SciTech Connect

These books present the papers given at a conference on petroleum and natural gas exploration and production. Topics considered at the conference included offshore drilling, management, economics. production geology and geophysics, gas technology, formation evaluation, drilling technology, well completion, numerical simulation, enhanced oil recovery, drilling fluids, drill bits, reservoir engineering, well testing, hydraulic fracturing, and artificial lifts.

Not Available

1986-01-01

93

The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored jointly by Case Western Reserve University and the Western Reserve Historical Society, this excellent online text offers hundreds of articles on the history of Cleveland. There are two categories of articles in the Encyclopedia, general entries -- short articles of 200 to 500 words -- and interpretive essays -- "longer articles of 500 to 4000 words that explore major topics in local history." Both feature numerous hypertext links to related entries as well as photographic images that can be expanded to full screen. (These images may also be examined in a separate gallery on-site.) The encyclopedia features an alphabetical as well as a subject index and can be searched by title, text, and subject. A Reader's Guide and a bicentennial timeline of Cleveland history are also offered as supplementary text. New articles are added on a regular basis.

1998-01-01

94

Lexical Semantics: Dictionary or Encyclopedia?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A fundamental issue when building a semantic lexicon for a Natural LanguageUnderstanding (NLU) system hinges on the amount of world knowledge that should beincorporated into the lexicon: the so-called dictionary-encyclopedia controversy. Thisissue can ?nd a itechnicalj solution if the NLU architecture separates a linguistic stepand a domain inference step. In that case, the lexicon can contain purely linguisticelements. This requires

Marc Cavazza; Pierre Zweigenbaum

1994-01-01

95

Injuries to international petroleum drilling workers, 1988-1990.  

PubMed

Occupationally related death rates among workers involved in oil and gas extraction activities have been higher than rates for workers from all U.S. industries combined. In 1991, nonfatal work-related injury (NFI) rates for workers in the U.S. oil and gas field service industry (standard industrial classification [SIC] codes 138.1, 138.2, and 138.9)* were 49% greater than rates for all workers in private industry and tended to be more severe, with a lost-workdays rate more than 2.8-fold higher than in private industry as a whole. To develop improved strategies for preventing fatal injuries (FIs) and NFIs among petroleum drilling workers, the Louisiana Office of Public Health (LOPH) analyzed data on injury-related incidents in the petroleum drilling industry during 1988-1990. This report summarizes the results of this study. PMID:8437541

1993-02-26

96

[The biolaw and bioethics encyclopedia].  

PubMed

On 4 April 2011, as part of the XVIII Conference in Law and the Human Genome, the official presentation took place of the first Spanish language Encyclopedia of Biolaw and Bioethics, in an event organised by the Inter-University Chair in Law and the Human Genome held, on this occasion, in the new Auditorium of the University of the Basque Country. The Encyclopedia of Biolaw and Bioethics is a project which was conceived and driven forward by the Inter-University Chair in Law and the Human Genome. It was an ambitious project which was supported by the Roche Institute Foundation. It was therefore a magnum opus which began more than three years ago and which has required the work of more than 200 professionals from various disciplines in Spain, Latin America and Portugal. The encyclopaedia tries to make up for the lack of a suitable publication in the Spanish language that could be used as a reference and be consulted by different experts who have to tackle controversies and doubts posed in the field of biolaw and bioethics as part of their everyday work. The work makes it possible to ascertain the situation in this field regarding the most controversial issues and emerging conflicts, find out which values, assets or rights are involved or confronted, what solutions have been proposed by bioethics and the social positions that have been established through legal regulations. All in all, the encyclopaedia was the culmination of an ambitious undertaking, a pioneering work in the Spanish speaking countries due to its characteristics and scope. It is essential to have such a resource in today's cultural environment. The presentation of the Encyclopedia of Biolaw and Bioethics given by Mr. Del Barrio Seoane as Director General of the Roche Institute Foundation during the Conference deservers a special mention. The project has been consolidated through the support of this institution. PMID:22977954

del Barrio Seoane, Jaime

97

Encyclopedia of the NOAA National Marine Sanctuaries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Highlighting the diverse marine life of America's ocean and Great Lakes treasures, the Encyclopedia of the Sanctuaries offers photos, streaming video and important facts for more than 100 key animal and plant species from each of the National Marine Sanctuaries. The encyclopedia entry for each species includes a photo, quick facts, information about its diet, habitat, distribution and status, and links to outside resources.

98

Globalizing a Race to Publish an Encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1912, Daniel Alexander Payne Murray published a prospectus for his “Historical and Biographical Encyclopedia of the Colored Race throughout the World.” He promised to publish what literary historian Henry Louis Gates Jr., would describe as the “Grail” for black scholars. As Murray planned his encyclopedia in the first decade of the twentieth century, persons of African descent in the

Michael Benjamin

2010-01-01

99

UCLA Plans Online Encyclopedia of Egyptology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) has unveiled plans for what appears to be the world's first online, peer-reviewed encyclopedia devoted to ancient Egypt. The "UCLA Encyclopedia of Egypt," which in April won a $325,000 grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, will include material in Arabic as well as English. The…

Howard, Jennifer

2006-01-01

100

Comprehensive Astronomical Visualization for a Multimedia Encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The domain of astronomy contributes a wealth of knowledge to the corpus of any general encyclopedia. Modern multimedia encyclopedias are capable of displaying complex, three-dimensional visualizations in real-time, enabling the integration of a planetarium, a virtual theater presenting astronomical facts in an educational and entertaining way. The manifold peculiarities of astronomical data sets require careful balancing of visual means to

Wolfgang Kienreich; Mario Zechner; Vedran Sabol

2007-01-01

101

Geological and environmental remote sensing for international petroleum operations  

SciTech Connect

Remote sensing allows the petroleum industry to make better and quicker interpretations of geological and environmental conditions in areas of present and future operations. Often remote sensing (including aerial photographs) is required because existing maps are out-of-date, too small of scale, or provide only limited information. Implementing remote sensing can lead to lower project costs and reduced risk. The same satellite and airborne data can be used effectively for both geological and environmental applications. For example, earth scientists can interpret new lithologic, structural, and geomorphic information from near-infrared and radar imagery in terrains as diverse as barren desert and tropical jungle. Environmental applications with these and other imagery include establishing baselines, assessing impact by documenting changes through time, and mapping land-use, habitat, and vegetation. Higher resolution sensors provide an up-to-date overview of onshore and offshore petroleum facilities, whereas sensors capable of oblique viewing can be used to generate topographic maps. Geological application in Yemen involved merging Landsat TM and SPOT imagery to obtain exceptional lithologic discrimination. In the Congo, a topographic map to plan field operations was interpreted from the overlapping radar strips. Landsat MSS and TM, SPOT, and Russian satellite images with new aerial photographs are being used in the Tengiz supergiant oil field of Kazakhstan to help establish an environmental baseline, generate a base map, locate wells, plan facilities, and support a geographical information system (GIS). In the Niger delta, Landsat TM and SPOT are being used to plan pipeline routes and seismic lines, and to monitor rapid shoreline changes and population growth. Accurate coastlines, facility locations, and shoreline types are being extracted from satellite images for use in oil spill models.

Ellis, J.M. [Chevron Overseas Petroleum, Inc., San Ramon CA (United States)

1995-11-01

102

The Encyclopedia of World History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The good people at Bartleby.com have long prided themselves on providing a host of important works online for the benefit of those seeking online edification. One of the more recent volumes they have placed on their site is The Encyclopedia of World History, edited by Peter N. Stearns and 30 fellow historians. As the preface to this, the sixth edition, announces: "Simply put, this is a volume that has always intended to convey the key features of world history". This is no small order, and this edition represents a substantial revision from previous editions, as it also reflects the growing body of knowledge about the histories of regions outside of Western Europe and North America. The encyclopedia is complemented by a number of illustrative and informative maps, including ones that visualize India before the Muslim conquest and Italy in the 15th century. Users of the volume are welcome to use the search engine to find the information they so desire, or they may browse at their leisure.

103

Internal controls over computer-processed financial data at Boeing Petroleum Services  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) is responsible for purchasing and storing crude oil to mitigate the potential adverse impact of any future disruptions in crude oil imports. Boeing Petroleum Services, Inc. (BPS) operates the SPR under a US Department of Energy (DOE) management and operating contract. BPS receives support for various information systems and other information processing needs from a mainframe computer center. The objective of the audit was to determine if the internal controls implemented by BPS for computer systems were adequate to assure processing reliability.

Not Available

1992-02-14

104

The MIT Encyclopedia of Cognitive Sciences (MITECS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The MIT Encyclopedia of Cognitive Sciences (MITECS), an electronic publication of the MIT Press, is a new comprehensive reference work that encompasses the diverse theories and methodologies of the cognitive and brain sciences. The encyclopedia contains 471 specialized articles by preeminent researchers and scholars; articles include extensive bibliographies and provide multiple cross-references. MITECS spans six major topics: Philosophy; Psychology; Neuroscience; Computational Intelligence; Linguistics and Language; and Culture, Cognition, and Evolution. The introductory essays that precede each major section discuss topics within the larger framework of the cognitive sciences. The encyclopedia may be browsed by an author or a topic index, and the entire work is searchable by keyword. Please note that first-time users of the encyclopedia are required to register at the site; necessary registration information includes email address, full name, and research interests.

2005-11-07

105

The MIT Encyclopedia of Cognitive Sciences (MITECS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The MIT Encyclopedia of Cognitive Sciences (MITECS), an electronic publication of the MIT Press, is a new comprehensive reference work that encompasses the diverse theories and methodologies of the cognitive and brain sciences. The encyclopedia contains 471 specialized articles by preeminent researchers and scholars; articles include extensive bibliographies and provide multiple cross-references. MITECS spans six major topics: Philosophy; Psychology; Neuroscience; Computational Intelligence; Linguistics and Language; and Culture, Cognition, and Evolution. The introductory essays that precede each major section discuss topics within the larger framework of the cognitive sciences. The encyclopedia may be browsed by an author or a topic index, and the entire work is searchable by keyword. Please note that first-time users of the encyclopedia are required to register at the site; necessary registration information includes email address, full name, and research interests.

1998-01-01

106

Reach for Reference: A New Early Encyclopedia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reviews the new Grolier Student Encyclopedia, intended for grades three through eight. Good middle-level readers might become frustrated with this source, but primary and intermediate students, middle-level students reading below grade level, and English language learners of any age will find the style of information presentation…

Safford, Barbara Ripp

2005-01-01

107

Encyclopedia of Bilingualism and Bilingual Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This encyclopedia is designed to promote bilingualism in a comprehensive and comprehensive manner and to be academically sound while remaining accessible to as wide an audience as possible. Each topic is presented in a clear, understandable style. Four sections focus on the following: (1) "Individual Bilingualism" (e.g., bilingualism and the…

Baker, Colin; Jones, Sylvia Prys

108

Summarization of an Online Medical Encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

We explore a knowledge-rich (abstraction) approach to summa- rization and apply it to multiple documents from an online med- ical encyclopedia. A semantic processor functions as the source interpreter and produces a list of predications. A transformation stage then generalizes and condenses this list, ultimately gener- ating a conceptual condensate for a given disorder topic. We provide a preliminary evaluation

Marcelo Fiszman; Thomas C. Rindflesch; Halil Kilicoglu

2004-01-01

109

Digital Encyclopedia: George Washington's Mount Vernon  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What was George Washington's life like at Mount Vernon? This frequent question is answered in fine form by this Digital Encyclopedia, compiled by a variety of scholars in collaboration with the Mount Vernon Estate. It is particularly appropriate that there is such a copious compendium of facts on the goings-on at Mt. Vernon, as Washington was enamored of encyclopedias during his life. Drawing on a range of primary sources, this project brings together hundreds of entries divided into over a dozen topics, including Military, Slavery, Food and Drink, and Animals. The Personal area is quite compelling, as it includes entries on Barbados, smallpox and, of course, the celebrated myths surrounding Washington's false teeth.

110

Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

When thinking about the Volunteer State, many people's minds may immediately turn to the accomplishments of President Andrew Jackson or the far-reaching impact of the massive public works project that resulted in the formation of the Tennessee Valley Authority. Interested parties can learn about these aspects of the state's history and culture, along with many other facets of the state, at this fine site which is the digital version of The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Originally released in 1998 as a large print volume, the Encyclopedia was placed online in a searchable format in 2002. Here visitors can browse through more than 1500 entries, along with 500 additional images and some audio and video files as well. For those interested in looking at the material by themes, they will be pleased to learn that the materials are also divided into categories, such as medicine, sports, county history, and industry.

111

German Encyclopedia Alignment Based on Information Retrieval Techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Collaboratively created online encyclopedias have become increasingly popular. Especially in terms of completeness they have\\u000a begun to surpass their printed counterparts. Two German publishers of traditional encyclopedias have reacted to this challenge\\u000a and decided to merge their corpora to create a single more complete encyclopedia. The crucial step in this merge process is\\u000a the alignment of articles. We have developed

Roman Kern; Michael Granitzer

2010-01-01

112

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Meteorites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, meteorites have caught the imagination of scientist and collector alike. An army of people are now actively searching for them in the hot and cold deserts of Earth. Fascinating extraterrestrial rocks in meteorites are our only contact with materials from beyond the Earth-Moon system. Using well known petrologic techniques, O. Richard Norton reveals in vivid color their extraordinary external and internal structures and taking readers to the atomic level, describes the environment within the solar nebula that existed before the planets accreted. Extensively illustrated, this volume is a valuable guide to assist searchers in the field in recognizing the many classes of meteorites and it is a superb reference source for students, teachers and scientists who wish to probe deeper these amazing rocks from space. O. Richard Norton is a contributing editor for Meteorite magazine and the author of The Planetarium and Atmospherium and Rocks from Space (Mountain Press, 1998). For the last 40 years, he has taught astronomy and space sciences at various US institutions.

Norton, O. Richard

2002-03-01

113

Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes, an ongoing project from Kyoto University, has recently updated this collection of molecular interaction information. The Introduction section provides substantial information on the project background and data, as well as user guides and manuals to help users orient themselves to the database. Users can search for information on specific interactions in selected species, or browse to find metabolic pathways or gene sequences of interest. Computational tools include the ability to find similar sequences and generate possible reactions between compounds.

2002-01-01

114

Encyclopedia of 20th-Century American Humor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reference encyclopedia contains information on both the historical and contemporary aspects of humor and comedy in the United States. Arranged in an A-to-Z format, the encyclopedia is a collection of article-length essays that examine humor from many perspectives, from defining terms; to providing information on humor writers, comedians, and…

Nilsen, Alleen Pace; Nilsen, Don L. F.

115

Specifications for Version 1. 0 of the Army Data Encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document provides a more detailed description of the Army Data Encyclopedia (ADE) Version 1.0, in accordance with the Data Encyclopedia Architecture for Army Information Management. The software and contents of the ADE are key mechanisms that are necessary to achieve interoperability, integration and synchronization of Army information systems. The ADE architecture is intended to provide a global view, long-term

F. Gey; H. Holmes

1988-01-01

116

Answers on the Disc: General Encyclopedias on CD-ROM.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews of Compton's Multimedia Encyclopedia, New Grolier's Electronic Encyclopedia, and World Book's Information Finder are based on the 1990 editions. It is noted that all three publishers have announced plans to release annual revisions to their discs. The description of each of the products includes critiques of the search program, the…

Hollens, Deborah; Rible, Jim

1991-01-01

117

Encyclopedia of 20th-Century American Humor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This reference encyclopedia contains information on both the historical and contemporary aspects of humor and comedy in the United States. Arranged in an A-to-Z format, the encyclopedia is a collection of article-length essays that examine humor from many perspectives, from defining terms; to providing information on humor writers, comedians, and…

Nilsen, Alleen Pace; Nilsen, Don L. F.

118

Of Descartes and of train schedules : Evaluating the Encyclopedia Judaica, Wikipedia, and other general and Jewish Studies encyclopedias  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to discuss the second edition of the Encyclopaedia Judaica (2007) within its broader historical context of the production of encyclopedias in the twentieth and the twenty-first centuries. The paper contrasts the 2007 edition of the Encyclopaedia Judaica to the Jewish Encyclopedia published between 1901 and 1905, and to the first edition of

Roger S. Kohn

2010-01-01

119

The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture is "to collect and disseminate information on all aspects of the state's history and culture and to provide a comprehensive reference work for historians, teachers, students and individuals for the purpose of promoting the study, understanding, and appreciation of Arkansas's heritage." First-time visitors should check out the This Day in Arkansas History feature, which provides easy access to the lore, culture, history, and geography of the state. Moving on, visitors can use the Browse Entries area to look around the material by category, type, time period, or race & ethnicity. Those persons looking for a bit of audio-visual inspiration will want to click on over to the Browse Media area. Here, they can find songs performed by sons and daughters of Arkansas (including the legendary Al Hibbler), maps, and video clips from films like "Emerson County Shaping Dream" and "Unhooking the Hookworm."

120

CAMEO: Conservation & Art Material Encyclopedia Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Art historians, preservationists, and other types will be most glad to learn about the existence of the Conservation and Art Materials Encyclopedia Online (CAMEO). This is, of course, if they don't know about it already. The original CAMEO was first placed online in November 2000, and it has been significantly enlarged and updated over the past several years. This online resource contains chemical, physical, visual, and analytical information on over 10,000 historic and contemporary materials used in the production and conservation of artistic, architectural, archaeological, and anthropological materials. While some visitors may wish to use the embedded search engine, some may just wish to browse the materials by letter. Visitors can also perform a material search by entering a word, partial word, or a variety of other fields, including composition, density, and boiling point.

121

Encyclopedias of Astronomical Biographies - Status and Prospects --  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Simple requests for biographies of famous astronomers can easily be satisfied. Short accounts of their lives are to be found in many books and encyclopedias. However, most of these sources are very incomplete, i. e.\\ do not provide information on less famous persons, and are not up to scientific standards. The most comprehensive sources of scientific biographies, Poggendorffs Biographisch-Literarisches Handwoerterbuch and Dictionary of Scientific Biography, are also not complete, partly not up-to-date and for most users not easily accessible. The most recent and most comprehensive dictionary of astronomical biography, containing 500 short entries, was written in Russian. Although a lot of information on biographies is available in publications, these are spread over thousands of volumes. There is no bibliography of these papers and books. During the last three years, short biographies of astronomers were also published in the World Wide Web. Some of these are on a very high scientific level. The author's collection of links to such WWW pages (http://www.astro.uni-bonn.de/~pbrosche/hist\\_astr/ ha\\_pers.html}) contains currently several thousand entries for more than 1200 persons related to the history of astronomy. This electronic ``encyclopedia'' in distributed form is now the most comprehensive and concentrated source for astronomical biographies. However, there are several problems arising from the electronic form of publication and from the uncoordinated and not always qualified efforts of the authors. The paper will discuss proposals, plans and first results of filling the gaps and increasing the quality, as well as some principal problems of writing short biographies and making them available to the public.

Dick, W. R.

122

Virtual Knowledge: The Best Buys in 1998 CD-ROM Encyclopedias.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses questions to consider and features to look for in selecting a CD-ROM encyclopedia. Reviews Encyclopaedia Britannica CD 98 Multimedia Edition, Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia 1998, Microsoft Encarta 98 Encyclopedia, and Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia 1998. Contact information, price, and system requirements are listed. (JAK)|

Burg, Barbara; Kautzman, Amy M.

1998-01-01

123

An encyclopedia of mouse DNA elements (Mouse ENCODE)  

PubMed Central

To complement the human Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) project and to enable a broad range of mouse genomics efforts, the Mouse ENCODE Consortium is applying the same experimental pipelines developed for human ENCODE to annotate the mouse genome.

2012-01-01

124

Petroleum geochemistry genesis and migration: international geology review, 1968-1981  

SciTech Connect

This publication contains an assemblage of papers translated from Russian authors on the origin of petroleum and natural gas. Some of the main papers present information on the processes of origin and migration of oil and gas, timing of migration, conditions for accumulation, organic vs. inorganic origins of oil and gas, use of geochemical surveys in exploration, biodegradation of oils, quantitative methods for determining source potential, effects of plate tectonics, and evaluations of petroleum regions. Individual articles have been entered separately into the data base.

Hedberg, H.D.; Mason, J.F.

1983-01-01

125

State-of-the-Art Multimedia in 1996: The "Big Four" General Encyclopedias on CD-ROM.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews four CD-ROM encyclopedias: Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia, 1996 Edition; Microsoft Encarta 96 Encyclopedia; the 1996 Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia; and World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia 1996. Focuses on multimedia features, their quantity, quality, accessibility, and playability. Discusses each product's novel features and important…

Jacso, Peter

1996-01-01

126

State-of-the-Art Multimedia in 1996: The "Big Four" General Encyclopedias on CD-ROM.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews four CD-ROM encyclopedias: Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia, 1996 Edition; Microsoft Encarta 96 Encyclopedia; the 1996 Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia; and World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia 1996. Focuses on multimedia features, their quantity, quality, accessibility, and playability. Discusses each product's novel features and…

Jacso, Peter

1996-01-01

127

Palm & Cycad Societies of Florida: Virtual Cycad Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the Palm & Cycad Societies of Florida, the Virtual Cycad Encyclopedia is great resource for information and stories about the ancient cycads. The Encyclopedia comprises numerous articles organized under such topics as Cycad Taxonomy, Biology, Evolution, Horticulture, Conservation, and more. Examples of encyclopedia articles include: a 59-frame slide show on Growing and Collecting Cycads; an interactive Key to Cycad Genera; an older article on Pollination Biology of Cycads co-authored by staff at the New York Botanical Garden and the Fairchild Tropical Garden; and a Compiled List of Cycad Genera. The site also contains a Photo Gallery with many good-quality cycad images listed by scientific name. Site visitors will also find a collection of related links, and a list of reference books.

128

The Encyclopedia of Life: Describing Species, Unifying Biology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Harvard biologist E. O. Wilson affirmed a perennial hope of biologists, taxonomists, and naturalists when in 2003 he wrote, âÂÂAn all-species encyclopedia of life is logically inevitable if for no other reason that the consolidation of biological knowledge is urgently overdue.â Wilson proceeded with his vision of a Web-based encyclopedia in which there is a page devoted to each species on Earth, with links to diverse scientific databases. The species page, as envisaged, would summarize everything known about the species, from its genome and proteome to its distribution, habitat, and ecological relationships, as well as âÂÂits practical importance for humanity.â In May 2007, the Encyclopedia of Life (EOL) was officially launched, with support from the Sloan and MacArthur foundations.

Richard Blaustein (freelancer;)

2009-07-01

129

Construction of a simplified wood gas generator for fueling internal combustion engines in a petroleum emergency  

SciTech Connect

This report is one in a series of emergency technology assessments sponsored by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). The purpose of this report is to develop detailed, illustrated instructions for the fabrication, installation, and operation of a biomass gasifier unit (i.e., a ''producer gas'' generator, also called a ''wood gas'' generator) that is capable of providing emergency fuel for vehicles, such as tractors and trucks, in the event that normal petroleum sources were severely disrupted for an extended period of time. These instructions have been prepared as a manual for use by any mechanic who is reasonably proficient in metal fabrication or engine repair. This report attempts to preserve the knowledge about wood gasification that was put into practical use during World War II. Detailed, step-by-step fabrication procedures are presented for a simplified version of the World War II, Imbert wood gas generator. This simple, stratified, downdraft gasifier unit can be constructed from materials that would be widely available in the United States in a prolonged petroleum crisis. For example, the body of the unit consists of a galvanized metal garbage can atop a small metal drum; common plumbing fittings throughout; and a large, stainless steel mixing bowl for the grate. The entire compact unit was mounted onto the front of a farm tractor and successfully field tested, using wood chips as the only fuel. Photographic documentation of the actual assembly of the unit as well as its operation is included. 19 refs., 39 figs., 6 tabs.

LaFontaine, H.; Zimmerman, G.P.

1989-03-01

130

THE WEB-BASED WORLD HOUSING ENCYCLOPEDIA: HOUSING CONSTRUCTION IN HIGH SEISMIC RISK AREAS OF THE WORLD  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Recent devastating losses in earthquakes to housing around the world highlight the need to share information on building construction practices and strengthening technologies. The Earthquake Engineering Research Institute and the International Association for Earthquake Engineering have an ongoing Internet-based project called World Housing Encyclopedia (WHE) that provides a framework for sharing such information globally (www.world-housing.net). The purpose of the

Svetlana BRZEV; Marjorie GREENE; Chris ARNOLD; Marcial BLONDET; Sheldon CHERRY; Craig COMARTIN; Mohammed FARSI; Sudhir JAIN

131

Boyhood in America: An Encyclopedia. Volumes 1 and 2. The American Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This encyclopedia is the first reference work to focus on the life and history of U.S. boyhood through the centuries. Coverage in the encyclopedia spans education, ethnicity, sports, work, religion, and health issues. The encyclopedia's expert contributors approach topics from many disciplines, including history, cultural studies, media studies,…

Clement, Priscilla Ferguson, Ed.; Reinier, Jacqueline S., Ed.

132

Encyclopedia of Youth and War: Young People as Participants and Victims.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This encyclopedia provides comprehensive information on youth and war. Beginning with the 30 Years' War in the 17th century and ending with the conflicts in Bosnia and Kosovo, the encyclopedia covers children and youth from birth to age 18, with additional materials on young adults from 18 to 24 years of age. The encyclopedia includes over 300…

Sherrow, Victoria

133

Boyhood in America: An Encyclopedia. Volumes 1 and 2. The American Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This encyclopedia is the first reference work to focus on the life and history of U.S. boyhood through the centuries. Coverage in the encyclopedia spans education, ethnicity, sports, work, religion, and health issues. The encyclopedia's expert contributors approach topics from many disciplines, including history, cultural studies, media studies,…

Clement, Priscilla Ferguson, Ed.; Reinier, Jacqueline S., Ed.

134

Biographial Encyclopedia of Astronomers-A status report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers is nearing completion and should serve as a valuable resource for historians and astronomers alike. The work is expected to be published in two volumes in 2006, and will include approximately 1500 biographical sketches on astronomers from antiquity to modern times. This status report will summarize the project, the collective work of about 400 authors

T. R. Williams; T. A. Hockey

2004-01-01

135

An encyclopedia of mouse DNA elements (Mouse ENCODE).  

PubMed

ABSTRACT: To complement the human Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) project and to enable a broad range of mouse genomics efforts, the Mouse ENCODE Consortium is applying the same experimental pipelines developed for human ENCODE to annotate the mouse genome. PMID:22889292

Stamatoyannopoulos, John A; Snyder, Michael; Hardison, Ross; Ren, Bing; Gingeras, Thomas; Gilbert, David M; Groudine, Mark; Bender, Michael; Kaul, Rajinder; Canfield, Theresa; Giste, Erica; Johnson, Audra; Zhang, Mia; Balasundaram, Gayathri; Byron, Rachel; Roach, Vaughan; Sabo, Peter J; Sandstrom, Richard; Stehling, A Sandra; Thurman, Robert E; Weissman, Sherman M; Cayting, Philip; Hariharan, Manoj; Lian, Jin; Cheng, Yong; Landt, Stephen G; Ma, Zhihai; Wold, Barbara J; Dekker, Job; Crawford, Gregory E; Keller, Cheryl A; Wu, Weisheng; Morrissey, Christopher; Kumar, Swathi A; Mishra, Tejaswini; Jain, Deepti; Byrska-Bishop, Marta; Blankenberg, Daniel; Lajoie1, Bryan R; Jain, Gaurav; Sanyal, Amartya; Chen, Kaun-Bei; Denas, Olgert; Taylor, James; Blobel, Gerd A; Weiss, Mitchell J; Pimkin, Max; Deng, Wulan; Marinov, Georgi K; Williams, Brian A; Fisher-Aylor, Katherine I; Desalvo, Gilberto; Kiralusha, Anthony; Trout, Diane; Amrhein, Henry; Mortazavi, Ali; Edsall, Lee; McCleary, David; Kuan, Samantha; Shen, Yin; Yue, Feng; Ye, Zhen; Davis, Carrie A; Zaleski, Chris; Jha, Sonali; Xue, Chenghai; Dobin, Alex; Lin, Wei; Fastuca, Meagan; Wang, Huaien; Guigo, Roderic; Djebali, Sarah; Lagarde, Julien; Ryba, Tyrone; Sasaki, Takayo; Malladi, Venkat S; Cline, Melissa S; Kirkup, Vanessa M; Learned, Katrina; Rosenbloom, Kate R; Kent, W James; Feingold, Elise A; Good, Peter J; Pazin, Michael; Lowdon, Rebecca F; Adams, Leslie B

2012-08-13

136

International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compulsory voting (CV) is a system of laws and\\/or norms mandating that enfranchised citizens turn out to vote, often accompanied by (a) a system of compulsory voter registration and (b) penalties for non-compliance, usually fines or the denial of state-provided benefits. CV is widespread throughout Latin America, but somewhat rarer among industrialized democracies. Cross-national studies find CV to be an

Simon Jackman

137

Food, petroleum, and international politics: the foreign policy of surplus and scarcity  

SciTech Connect

In an empirical examination of the relationships between scarce resources and international politics, political elements of both resource consumption and production are combined to produce a variety of models. These models are based upon the asymmetrical inter-dependencies among nations with particular reference to these resource capabilities. Food and energy resources are selected to ascertain the degree to which the need to acquire a resource influences the aggregate foreign policy behavior of nations. Due to insufficient domestic supply, the need for a scarce resource leads to competition among consuming nations, and this competition in turn leads to conflict. From another perspective, the resource producer, utilizing what is traditionally seen as a component of power enhances its international bargaining position, and does not need to compete for the specific resource. As a result, the resource producer finds itself the recipient of cooperative behavior. A variety of hypotheses are extracted from these two complementary themes of production and consumption politics. The results of the empirical tests provide limited support for examining foreign policy behavior in light of resource capabilities.

Duval, R.D.

1984-01-01

138

Specifications for Version 1. 0 of the Army Data Encyclopedia  

SciTech Connect

This document provides a more detailed description of the Army Data Encyclopedia (ADE) Version 1.0, in accordance with the Data Encyclopedia Architecture for Army Information Management. The software and contents of the ADE are key mechanisms that are necessary to achieve interoperability, integration and synchronization of Army information systems. The ADE architecture is intended to provide a global view, long-term direction, and the conceptual foundation for further development. In accord with the architecture, the ADE will develop through a sequence of increasingly powerful versions, supporting a series of Army-wide Information Mission Area (IMA) efforts, such as data element standardization. The major components of the ADE Version 1.0 are an ANSI-FIPS Standard Information Resource Dictionary System (IRDS) framework, which is implemented using a relational DBMS, a user interface for schema and data maintenance, a user interface for the Data Element search/retrieval/approval process, and the loading of the actual data of the ADE. This paper assumes the reader is familiar with the Data Encyclopedia Architecture document. It provides background for ADE Version 1.0 and a brief status report of ADE related activities in progress. It outlines a software structure for the ADE, functionality to be implemented within the ADE 1.0, structure of the data element approval process and user interface, initial data content of the ADE, documentation needs of the ADE, and remote user access strategies for the ADE. 5 refs., 9 figs.

Gey, F.; Holmes, H.

1988-09-30

139

SYMBOLS.com: Encyclopedia of Western Signs and Ideograms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by HME Media, this site is an online version of Carl G. Liungman's Thought Signs (1995), an encyclopedia of graphic symbols. The site contains more than 2,500 Western signs, arranged into 54 groups according to their graphic characteristics. Ranging from Cro-Magnon carvings in mammoth teeth to hobo signs and subway graffiti, the signs are explained and examined in 1,600 articles. Users may search for the meaning or history of a sign in the Graphic Index or use the Word Index to find an ideogram with a certain meaning.

Liungman, Carl G., 1938-.

1997-01-01

140

Specifications for Version 1.0 of the Army Data Encyclopedia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document provides a more detailed description of the Army Data Encyclopedia (ADE) Version 1.0, in accordance with the Data Encyclopedia Architecture for Army Information Management. The software and contents of the ADE are key mechanisms that are nec...

F. Gey H. Holmes

1988-01-01

141

Subject Encyclopedias: User Guide, Review Citations, and Keyword Index. Part I and Part II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This two-volume guide is designed to make subject encyclopedias more accessible. To qualify for inclusion, an encyclopedia must meet the following criteria: new or revised edition published since 1990; coverage by subject (not primarily biographical or geographical); intended audience of high school students, college students, and adults;…

Mirwis, Allan N.

142

From now on, the Encyclopedia Britannica will only be published online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Encyclopedia Britannica ends print, goes digitalhttp://www.chicagotribune.com/health/sns-rt-us-encyclopediabritannicabre82c1fs-20120313,0,338011.storyAfter 244 Years, Encyclopaedia Britannica Stops the Presseshttp://mediadecoder.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/03/13/after-244-years-encyclopaedia-britannica-stops-the-presses/Encyclopedia Britannica to stop printing bookshttp://money.cnn.com/2012/03/13/technology/encyclopedia-britannica-books/?cnn=yes&hpt=hp_t3Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th editionhttp://www.archive.org/details/EncyclopaediaBritannica1911HQDJVUDeath of a Sales Forcehttp://www1.salon.com/media/media960510.htmlBritannica.comhttp://www.britannica.com/The first proto-encyclopedia was created by Pliny the Elder two thousand years ago. Over the course of many years, he created a work that covered art, medicine, geography, geology, and natural history. Since that time, many encyclopedias have come and gone, and one of the most enduring is certainly the Encyclopedia Britannica. First published in 1768, the work began life in Edinburgh and it was considered one of the distinguishing products of the Scottish Enlightenment. This Tuesday it was announced that the Encyclopedia would no longer publish a print edition, but the company will continue to update and offer its digital online version. In a statement released this week to major news outlets, the company's president, Jorge Cauz, commented that "The print edition became more difficult to maintain and wasn't the best physical element to deliver the quality of our database and the quality of our editorial." Of course, the broader story of this transformation involves the rise of various free online encyclopedias, such as Wikipedia. Interested parties may still purchase one of the existing 15th edition printed copies of the Encyclopedia for $1,400.The first link will take visitors to a news article about the Encyclopedia Britannica's decision to go to an all-digital format from this Wednesday's Chicago Tribune. The second link will lead interested parties to a bit of commentary on this development from the New York Times' "Media Decoder" blog. Moving on, the third link will take users to a piece from CNN's Julianne Pepitone about the recent decision made by Encyclopedia Britannica to stop printing physical copies. The fourth link leads to a digitized copy of the celebrated (and rather controversial) 11th edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica, published in 1911. The fifth takes visitors to a great archived piece from Salon.com that features an interview with Myron Taxman, one of the last Encyclopedia Britannica salespeople. The final link leads to the homepage of the Encyclopedia Britannica, which offers free access to select articles and information about the company.

Grinnell, Max

2012-03-16

143

Encyclopedias on CD-ROM: Two Orders of Magnitude More than Any Other Educational Software Has Ever Delivered Before.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes three encyclopedias available on CD-ROM: (1) Grolier's Electronic Encyclopedia; (2) World Book's Information Finder; and (3) Compton's Multimedia Encyclopedia. Ideas for how they might be used in the classroom are suggested, information retrieval versus motivation is discussed, learning processes are examined, and stand-alone versus…

Becker, Henry Jay

1991-01-01

144

It's time: Petroleum policy change for sustainable development in the Australian offshore upstream petroleum sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that Australia’s present petroleum policy does not encourage the sustainable development of State-owned offshore petroleum resources. It outlines the development of Australia's petroleum policy, highlighting the current commercial policy focus on international competitiveness, which fails to contribute to the sustainable development of the petroleum resources for present and future generations. In order to generate policy options for

Tina Hunter

2009-01-01

145

An integrated encyclopedia of DNA elements in the human genome.  

PubMed

The human genome encodes the blueprint of life, but the function of the vast majority of its nearly three billion bases is unknown. The Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) project has systematically mapped regions of transcription, transcription factor association, chromatin structure and histone modification. These data enabled us to assign biochemical functions for 80% of the genome, in particular outside of the well-studied protein-coding regions. Many discovered candidate regulatory elements are physically associated with one another and with expressed genes, providing new insights into the mechanisms of gene regulation. The newly identified elements also show a statistical correspondence to sequence variants linked to human disease, and can thereby guide interpretation of this variation. Overall, the project provides new insights into the organization and regulation of our genes and genome, and is an expansive resource of functional annotations for biomedical research. PMID:22955616

Bernstein, Bradley E; Birney, Ewan; Dunham, Ian; Green, Eric D; Gunter, Chris; Snyder, Michael

2012-09-01

146

A User's Guide to the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE)  

PubMed Central

The mission of the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) Project is to enable the scientific and medical communities to interpret the human genome sequence and apply it to understand human biology and improve health. The ENCODE Consortium is integrating multiple technologies and approaches in a collective effort to discover and define the functional elements encoded in the human genome, including genes, transcripts, and transcriptional regulatory regions, together with their attendant chromatin states and DNA methylation patterns. In the process, standards to ensure high-quality data have been implemented, and novel algorithms have been developed to facilitate analysis. Data and derived results are made available through a freely accessible database. Here we provide an overview of the project and the resources it is generating and illustrate the application of ENCODE data to interpret the human genome.

2011-01-01

147

A user's guide to the encyclopedia of DNA elements (ENCODE).  

PubMed

The mission of the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) Project is to enable the scientific and medical communities to interpret the human genome sequence and apply it to understand human biology and improve health. The ENCODE Consortium is integrating multiple technologies and approaches in a collective effort to discover and define the functional elements encoded in the human genome, including genes, transcripts, and transcriptional regulatory regions, together with their attendant chromatin states and DNA methylation patterns. In the process, standards to ensure high-quality data have been implemented, and novel algorithms have been developed to facilitate analysis. Data and derived results are made available through a freely accessible database. Here we provide an overview of the project and the resources it is generating and illustrate the application of ENCODE data to interpret the human genome. PMID:21526222

2011-04-19

148

Genomic encyclopedia of sugar utilization pathways in the Shewanella genus  

PubMed Central

Background Carbohydrates are a primary source of carbon and energy for many bacteria. Accurate projection of known carbohydrate catabolic pathways across diverse bacteria with complete genomes constitutes a substantial challenge due to frequent variations in components of these pathways. To address a practically and fundamentally important challenge of reconstruction of carbohydrate utilization machinery in any microorganism directly from its genomic sequence, we combined a subsystems-based comparative genomic approach with experimental validation of selected bioinformatic predictions by a combination of biochemical, genetic and physiological experiments. Results We applied this integrated approach to systematically map carbohydrate utilization pathways in 19 genomes from the Shewanella genus. The obtained genomic encyclopedia of sugar utilization includes ~170 protein families (mostly metabolic enzymes, transporters and transcriptional regulators) spanning 17 distinct pathways with a mosaic distribution across Shewanella species providing insights into their ecophysiology and adaptive evolution. Phenotypic assays revealed a remarkable consistency between predicted and observed phenotype, an ability to utilize an individual sugar as a sole source of carbon and energy, over the entire matrix of tested strains and sugars. Comparison of the reconstructed catabolic pathways with E. coli identified multiple differences that are manifested at various levels, from the presence or absence of certain sugar catabolic pathways, nonorthologous gene replacements and alternative biochemical routes to a different organization of transcription regulatory networks. Conclusions The reconstructed sugar catabolome in Shewanella spp includes 62 novel isofunctional families of enzymes, transporters, and regulators. In addition to improving our knowledge of genomics and functional organization of carbohydrate utilization in Shewanella, this study led to a substantial expansion of our current version of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Carbohydrate Utilization. A systematic and iterative application of this approach to multiple taxonomic groups of bacteria will further enhance it, creating a knowledge base adequate for the efficient analysis of any newly sequenced genome as well as of the emerging metagenomic data.

2010-01-01

149

Tumor suppressors status in cancer cell line Encyclopedia.  

PubMed

Tumor suppressors play a major role in the etiology of human cancer, and typically achieve a tumor-promoting effect upon complete functional inactivation. Bi-allelic inactivation of tumor suppressors may occur through genetic mechanisms (such as loss of function mutation, copy number (CN) loss, or loss of heterozygosity (LOH)), epigenetic mechanisms (such as promoter methylation or histone modification), or a combination of the two. We report systematically derived status of 69 known or putative tumor suppressors, across 799 samples of the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia. In order to generate such resource we constructed a novel comprehensive computational framework for the assessment of tumor suppressor functional "status". This approach utilizes several orthogonal genomic data types, including mutation data, copy number, LOH and expression. Through correlation with additional data types (compound sensitivity and gene set activity) we show that this integrative method provides a more accurate assessment of tumor suppressor status than can be inferred by expression, copy number, or mutation alone. This approach has the potential for a more realistic assessment of tumor suppressor genes for both basic and translational oncology research. PMID:23639312

Sonkin, Dmitriy; Hassan, Mehedi; Murphy, Denis J; Tatarinova, Tatiana V

2013-04-11

150

Macmillan Encyclopedia of Chemistry (edited by Joseph J. Lagowski)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Macmillan: New York, 1997. Four volumes. Figs., tables. lxxi + 1696 pp. 22.0 x 28.5 cm. $400. ISBN 0-02-897225-2. This latest addition to Macmillan's series of comprehensive core science encyclopedias (previous sets dealt with physics and earth sciences) will be of particular interest to readers of this Journal, for it is edited by longtime Journal of Chemical Education editor Joe Lagowski, assisted by a board of five distinguished associate editors. The attractively priced set offers clear explanations of the phenomena and concepts of chemistry and its materials, whether found in industry, the laboratory, or the natural world. It is intended for a broad spectrum of readers-professionals whose work draws on chemical concepts and knowledge (e.g., material scientists, engineers, health workers, biotechnologists, mathematicians, and computer programmers), science teachers at all levels from kindergarten to high school, high school and college students interested in medicine or the sciences, college and university professors, and laypersons desiring information on practical aspects of chemistry (e.g., household cleaning products, food and food additives, manufactured materials, herbicides, the human body, sweeteners, and animal communication).

Kauffman, George B.

1998-11-01

151

Genomic encyclopedia of sugar utilization pathways in the Shewanella genus  

SciTech Connect

To address a practically and fundamentally important challenge of reconstruction of carbohydrate utilization machinery in any microorganism directly from its genomic sequence, we have established a subsystems-based comparative approach and applied it to 19 genomes from the Shewanella genus. The key stages of our approach include: (i) a homology-based identification of gene candidates using a genomic compilation of ~500 known components of sugar catabolic pathways; (ii) functional assignment of orthologs and prediction of alternative genes and pathway variants based on genomic (operons, regulons) and functional (subsystems, pathways) context analysis; (iii) validation of bioinformatic predictions by a combination of biochemical, genetic and physiological experiments. The obtained genomic encyclopedia of sugar utilization includes ~170 protein families (mostly metabolic enzymes, transporters and transcriptional regulators) spanning 17 distinct pathways with a mosaic distribution across Shewanella species providing insights into their ecophysiology and adaptive evolution. The reconstructed catabolic pathways are significantly enriched by nonorthologous gene replacements and alternative biochemical routes. Phenotypic assays revealed a remarkable consistency between predicted and observed phenotype, an ability to utilize an individual sugar as a sole source of carbon and energy, over the entire matrix of tested strains and sugars. In addition to improving our knowledge of genomics, functional organization and evolution of the sugar catabolome, this study confirmed the efficiency of the established approach, which is scalable and applicable to other groups of microorganisms.

Rodionov, Dmitry A.; Yang, Chen; Li, Xiaoqing; Rodionova, Irina A.; Wang, Yanbing; Obraztsova, Anna; Zagnitko, Olga P.; Overbeek, Ross; Romine, Margaret F.; Reed, Samantha B.; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Nealson, Kenneth H.; Osterman, Andrei L.

2010-09-13

152

Petroleum Supply and Market Outlook  

EIA Publications

A presentation to the 7th Annual International Airport Operations/Jet Fuel Conference, in Orlando, Florida, on February 3, 2005, giving EIAżs outlook for petroleum supply and prices, with particular attention to jet fuel.

Information Center

2005-02-09

153

Lacustrine petroleum source rocks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book is a proceedings volume from a 1985 symposium sponsored by the Geological Society of London and the International Geological Correlation Program Project No. 219 (Comparative lacustrine sedimentology in space and time). That meeting set the tone for subsequent IGCP No. 219 symposia, where sedimentary, petroleum, and structural geologists, as well as geochemists and paleontologists, have grappled with important

A. J. Fleet; K. Kelts; M. R. Talbot

1988-01-01

154

"The Encyclopedia of Systems Biology and OMICS" and "The ISA Infrastructure for Multi-omics Data" (GSC8 Meeting)  

SciTech Connect

The Genomic Standards Consortium was formed in September 2005. It is an international, open-membership working body which promotes standardization in the description of genomes and the exchange and integration of genomic data. The 2009 meeting was an activity of a five-year funding "Research Coordination Network" from the National Science Foundation and was organized held at the DOE Joint Genome Institute with organizational support provided by the JGI and by the University of California - San Diego. Eugene Kolker from Seattle Children's Hospital briefly discusses "The Encyclopedia of Systems Biology and OMICS," followed by Susanna Sansone from the EBI on "The ISA Infrastructure for multi-omics data" at the Genomic Standards Consortium's 8th meeting at the DOE JGI in Walnut Creek, Calif. on Sept. 11, 2009.

Kolker, Eugene (Seattle Children& #x27; s Hospital); Susanna Sansone (EBI)

2011-09-11

155

NEMS International Energy Module, model documentation report: World Oil Market, Petroleum Products Supply and Oxygenates Supply components  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) is developing the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) to enhance its energy forecasting capabilities and to provide the Department of Energy with a comprehensive framework for analyzing alternative energy` futures. NEMS is designed with a multi-level modular structure that represents specific energy supply activities, conversion processes, and demand sectors as a series of self-contained units which are linked by an integrating mechanism. The NEMS International Energy Module (IEM) computes world oil prices and the resulting patterns of international trade in crude oil and refined products. This report is a reference document for energy analysts, model users, and the public that is intended to meet EIA`s legal obligation to provide adequate documentation for all statistical and forecast reports (Public Law 93-275, section 57(b)(1). Its purpose is to describe the structure of the IEM. Actual operation of the model is not discussed here. The report contains four sections summarizing the overall structure of the IEM and its interface with other NEMS modules, mathematical specifications of behavioral relationships, and data sources and estimation methods. Following a general description of the function and rationale of its key components, system and equation level information sufficient to permit independent evaluation of the model`s technical details is presented.

Not Available

1994-04-04

156

Action Research: Addendum to the Encyclopedia of Distance Education Research in Iowa. Revised 2nd Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Action Research" and the "Encyclopedia of Distance Education Research" (1994) are designed as resources for distance education research in Iowa, including information on developing, implementing, and administering distance education systems. This addendum containing an additional seven research studies includes the following papers: "Innovations…

Maushak, Nancy J. Ed.; Manternach-Wigans, Lynn, Ed.

157

Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America. Volume 1, Acadians -- Iranian Americans [and] Volume 2, Irish Americans -- Yupiat.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This two-volume encyclopedia includes essays on distinct ethnic, ethnoreligious, or Native American groups in the United States, arranged in alphabetical order. It is intended as a comprehensive reference source in the area of multiculturalism in the United States. The groups were selected according to the magnitude of the group based on 1990 U.S.…

Vecoli, Rudolph J., Ed.; And Others

158

"Treaties with American Indians: An Encyclopedia of Rights, Conflicts, and Sovereignty"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides an overview of the three-volume reference set, "Treaties with American Indians: An Encyclopedia of Rights, Conflicts, and Sovereignty" published by ABC-CLIO. This reference work is edited by Donald Fixico, Arizona State University, and dedicated to the people of his tribes: (1) Shawnee; (2) Sac and Fox; (3) Seminole; and (4)…

Krueger, Karla

2009-01-01

159

Parenthood in America: An Encyclopedia. Volumes 1 and 2. The American Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on the view that insights from psychology, sociology, and medicine can enhance our understanding of the history of the family, this two-volume encyclopedia focuses on psychological aspects of the parent-child relationship, parenthood, and child development. Cultural, social, and historical matters and biological concepts are discussed when…

Balter, Lawrence, Ed.

160

Parenthood in America: An Encyclopedia. Volumes 1 and 2. The American Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the view that insights from psychology, sociology, and medicine can enhance our understanding of the history of the family, this two-volume encyclopedia focuses on psychological aspects of the parent-child relationship, parenthood, and child development. Cultural, social, and historical matters and biological concepts are discussed when…

Balter, Lawrence, Ed.

161

Measuring association populations using the Encyclopedia of Associations: Evidence from the field of labor unions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identifying populations of organizations has been a significant methodological challenge for scholars interested in examining various organizational dynamics. A common solution has been to rely upon a prior list or database of organizations. One such database on voluntary national organizations is the Encyclopedia of Associations (EA), a standard tool for sociologists and political scientists interested in associations. This paper compares

Andrew W. Martin; Frank R. Baumgartner; John D. McCarthy

2006-01-01

162

Girlhood in America: An Encyclopedia. Volumes 1 and 2. The American Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Girls, who used to be second-class citizens, are now coming into their own. Still, girls' lives, their experiences, and their roles in the social, cultural, economic, and political history of the United States have been widely overlooked. This reference encyclopedia presents more than 100 signed articles by 98 high-profile interdisciplinary…

Forman-Brunell, Miriam, Ed.

163

Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America. Volume 1, Acadians -- Iranian Americans [and] Volume 2, Irish Americans -- Yupiat.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This two-volume encyclopedia includes essays on distinct ethnic, ethnoreligious, or Native American groups in the United States, arranged in alphabetical order. It is intended as a comprehensive reference source in the area of multiculturalism in the United States. The groups were selected according to the magnitude of the group based on 1990…

Vecoli, Rudolph J., Ed.; And Others

164

LOCATION BASED CELL PHONE ACCESS TO THE WIKIPEDIA ENCYCLOPEDIA FOR M-LEARNING  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a new approach to access the content of the free Wikipedia on line encyclopedia with ordinary cell phones. No connection to the mobile Internet is required. Mobile users are able to request Wikipedia articles via SMS or via touch tone input in a voice menu. An audio representation of the requested articles will be generated in real

Andreas Bischoff

165

H. R. 4564: a bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 to provide a deduction and special net operating loss rules with respect to certain losses on domestic crude oil, to increase tariffs on petroleum and petroleum products, to require the Strategic Petroleum Reserve to be filled with stripper well oil, and to eliminate certain restrictions on the sale of natural gas and on the use of natural gas and oil. Introduced in the House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session, April 10, 1986  

SciTech Connect

The Secure Energy Supply Act of 1986 amends the Internal Revenue Code of 1954. Title I provides a deduction and special net operating loss treatment for certain losses on crude oil. Title II increases tariffs on petroleum and petroleum products, the revenues of which will cover authorized refunds. Title III provides that only stripper well oil or oil exchanged for stripper well oil will be used to fill the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Title IV removes wellhead price controls and repeals Natural Gas Act jurisdiction over certain first sales of natural gas. Later titles repeal certain restrictions on the use of natural gas and petroleum, repeal incremental pricing requirements, and promote flexibility in rescheduling or marking down troubled loans. The bill was referred to the House Committees on Ways and Means, Energy and Commerce, and Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs.

Not Available

1986-01-01

166

Brazilian Sign Language Lexicography and Technology: Dictionary, Digital Encyclopedia, Chereme-based Sign Retrieval, and Quadriplegic Deaf Communication Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the Brazilian Sign language digital encyclopedia, which contains a databank of 5,600 signs glossed in Portuguese and English, along with descriptions and illustrations of their signed form. (Author/VWL)|

Capovilla, Fernando C.; Duduchi, Marcelo; Raphael, Walkiria D.; Luz, Renato D.; Rozados, Daniela; Capovilla, Alessandra G. S.; Macedo, Elizeu C.

2003-01-01

167

MURAX: a robust linguistic approach for question answering using an on-line encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Robust linguistic methods are applied to the task of answering closed-class questions using a corpus of natural language. The methods are illustrated in a broad domain: answering general-knowledge questions using an on-line encyclopedia.A closed-class question is a question stated in natural language, which assumes some definite answer typified by a noun phrase rather than a procedural answer. The methods hypothesize

Julian Kupiec

1993-01-01

168

"U-X-L Encyclopedia of U. S. History" Hones Students' Subject Search and Indexing Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article features the "U-X-L Encyclopedia of U.S. History" by Sonia Benson, Daniel E. Brannen, Jr., and Rebecca Valentine is a new eight-volume set available in print or ebook (2009). The set has 1,745 pages and 677 entries ranging from just under one page to around eight pages in length. The ebook option may be accessed through Gale Virtual…

Krueger, Karla

2010-01-01

169

Future Haptic Science Encyclopedia: An Experimental Implementation of Networked Multi-Threaded Haptic Virtual Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is presenting the design of a generic architecture that can support both haptic and graphic requirements by proposing a multi-layered architecture that can be used in a networked haptic environment. This architecture has been applied to the new five-fingers haptic interface HIRO-II. Future Haptic Science Encyclopedia (FHSE) was developed and presented as a new potential application that benefit

M. Osama Alhalabi; Vytautas Daniulaitis; Haruhisa Kawasaki; Tetsuya Mouri; Yoshio Ohtuka

2006-01-01

170

Toward knowledge-enhanced viewing using encyclopedias and model-based segmentation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To make accurate decisions based on imaging data, radiologists must associate the viewed imaging data with the corresponding anatomical structures. Furthermore, given a disease hypothesis possible image findings which verify the hypothesis must be considered and where and how they are expressed in the viewed images. If rare anatomical variants, rare pathologies, unfamiliar protocols, or ambiguous findings are present, external knowledge sources such as medical encyclopedias are consulted. These sources are accessed using keywords typically describing anatomical structures, image findings, pathologies. In this paper we present our vision of how a patient's imaging data can be automatically enhanced with anatomical knowledge as well as knowledge about image findings. On one hand, we propose the automatic annotation of the images with labels from a standard anatomical ontology. These labels are used as keywords for a medical encyclopedia such as STATdx to access anatomical descriptions, information about pathologies and image findings. On the other hand we envision encyclopedias to contain links to region- and finding-specific image processing algorithms. Then a finding is evaluated on an image by applying the respective algorithm in the associated anatomical region. Towards realization of our vision, we present our method and results of automatic annotation of anatomical structures in 3D MRI brain images. Thereby we develop a complex surface mesh model incorporating major structures of the brain and a model-based segmentation method. We demonstrate the validity by analyzing the results of several training and segmentation experiments with clinical data focusing particularly on the visual pathway.

Kneser, Reinhard; Lehmann, Helko; Geller, Dieter; Qian, Yue-Chen; Weese, Jürgen

2009-02-01

171

Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Quarterly Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the second quarter of 1982, the Department of Energy continued to expand the storage capacity for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) and to take advantage of the favorable international oil market for the purchase of oil to fill the Reserve. The...

1982-01-01

172

Petroleum jelly overdose  

MedlinePLUS

Petroleum jelly is a semisolid mixture of fat-based substances made from petroleum. This article discusses what happens when someone swallows a lot of petroleum jelly. This is for information only and not for ...

173

Ecuador's Yasuni-ITT Initiative: Avoiding emissions by keeping petroleum underground  

Microsoft Academic Search

As large petroleum reserves were confirmed in the Yasuni National Park of Ecuador, one of the most biodiverse hotspots in the Amazonian region and the world, Ecuador has proposed indefinitely keeping almost a billion barrels of petroleum underground, if the international community contributes with at least half of the opportunity cost of exploiting the petroleum. An internationally administrated fund with

Carlos Larrea; Lavinia Warnars

2009-01-01

174

International.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The International Geological Correlation Project has attained scientific maturity and broad support and participation by geologists world wide. Its purpose is to provide a mechanism for international cooperation and information exchange about geological problems that transcend national boundaries. (Author/BB)|

Hoover, Linn

1979-01-01

175

31 CFR 576.308 - Iraqi petroleum and petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Iraqi petroleum and petroleum products. 576.308 Section 576.308 Money...REGULATIONS General Definitions § 576.308 Iraqi petroleum and petroleum products. The term Iraqi...

2013-07-01

176

Encyclopedia of polymer science and engineering, Vol. 10, 2nd ed. : Nonwoven fabrics to photopolymerization  

SciTech Connect

The contents of this book are: Nonwoven Fabrics; Nuclear magnetic Resonance; Oil-Field Applications; Olefin-CO Copolymers; Olefin Fibers; Olefin Polymers; Olegin-Sulfur Dioxide Copolymers: Oligomers; One-Electron Initiated Polymerization; Optically Active Polymers; Optical Microscopy; Optical Properties; Organometallic Polymers; Orientation; Orientation Processes; Osmometry; Oxetane Polymers; Oxidation Polymers; Oxidative Polymerization; Packaging Materials; Paper; Paper Additives and Resins; Pelletizing; Peroxides; Polymeric; Peroxy Compounds; Petroleum Additives; Petroleum Additives and Petroleum Resins.

Mark, H.F.; Bikales, N.; Overberger, C.G.; Menges, G.; Kroschwitz, J.I.

1987-01-01

177

Geochemistry in petroleum exploration  

SciTech Connect

This book explains how to apply geochemical principles to petroleum exploration. Analytical techniques used in geochemistry, the evaluation of sedimentary rocks which have already expelled hydrocarbons, and factors affecting the composition of bitumen and petroleum are among the topics considered.

Waples, D.W.

1985-01-01

178

Encyclopedia of Minorities in American Politics. Volume 1: African Americans and Asian Americans. The American Political Landscape Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The last 30 years of U.S. political history have seen dramatic strides in the impact that minorities play in U.S. politics. This first volume of a two-volume set addresses the historical and contemporary impact of two of the largest minority groups in the United States. Divided into two sections, the encyclopedia addresses the political struggles…

Schultz, Jeffrey D., Ed.; Haynie, Kerry L., Ed.; McCulloch, Anne M., Ed.; Aoki, Andrew L., Ed.

179

The Mysterious Case of the Detective as Child Hero: Sherlock Holmes, Encyclopedia Brown and Nancy Drew as Role Models?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the mystery genre, the one characteristic that the enduring figures of Sherlock Holmes, Nancy Drew, and Encyclopedia Brown have in common is a rational mind. The source of their strength is their ability to think and think well. A study examined some typical examples of the mystery genre in young adult literature and surveyed children and…

Sugarman, Sally

180

A Comparison of Information Retrieval from Print and CD-ROM Versions of an Encyclopedia by Elementary School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a study comparing information retrieval from print and CD-ROM versions of Compton's Encyclopedia. Forty-eight sixth-grade students searched four questions in both versions. The results showed that the searches took the same amount of time in both. The novice searchers were able to use an information retrieval system with minimal…

Large, Andrew; And Others

1994-01-01

181

Early developments in petroleum geochemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Petroleum geochemistry is the outgrowth of the application of the principles and methods of organic chemistry to petroleum refining and petroleum geology. This paper reviews 120 years of petroleum geochemistry, from about 1860 to 1980, and includes a discussion of the formal recognition of petroleum geochemistry as an earth-science discipline starting in 1959 when a general petroleum geochemistry symposium was

John M. Hunt; R. Paul Philp; Keith A. Kvenvolden

2002-01-01

182

Disposal of petroleum sludge  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a process for producing delayed petroleum coke comprising introducing a liquid hydrocarbon coker feedstock into a delayed coking drum under delayed coking conditions to produce delayed coke therein. The improvement comprises adding petroleum sludge to the coker feedstock and subjecting the petroleum sludge and coker feedstock to the delayed coking conditions in the coking drum before quenching.

Figgins, D.A.; Grove, J.J.

1987-05-19

183

Elements of petroleum geology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work surveys the modern science of petroleum geology. Its aim is twofold: to describe generation, migration, and entrapment of oil and gas, and to outline the various procedures used in their location, evaluation, and production. Selley begins the book with an account of the physical and chemical properties of petroleum, followed by a review of the methods of petroleum

Selley

1985-01-01

184

Practical petroleum geology  

SciTech Connect

This book presents the scope and content of the field of petroleum geology from the standpoint of the practicing petroleum geologist. Includes chapters on basic geological concepts, the sedimentation process, accumulation of hydrocarbons, exploration, economic examination, drilling of exploratory wells, recovering oil and gas (reservoir geology), and the relationship of geology to the petroleum industry as a whole.

Not Available

1985-01-01

185

Petroleum marketing monthly  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data.

NONE

1995-11-01

186

Proteopedia: Exciting Advances in the 3D Encyclopedia of Biomolecular Structure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Proteopedia is a collaborative, 3D web-encyclopedia of protein, nucleic acid and other structures. Proteopedia ( http://www.proteopedia.org ) presents 3D biomolecule structures in a broadly accessible manner to a diverse scientific audience through easy-to-use molecular visualization tools integrated into a wiki environment that anyone with a user account can edit. We describe recent advances in the web resource in the areas of content and software. In terms of content, we describe a large growth in user-added content as well as improvements in automatically-generated content for all PDB entry pages in the resource. In terms of software, we describe new features ranging from the capability to create pages hidden from public view to the capability to export pages for offline viewing. New software features also include an improved file-handling system and availability of biological assemblies of protein structures alongside their asymmetric units.

Prilusky, Jaime; Hodis, Eran; Sussman, Joel L.

187

Building large collections of Chinese and English medical terms from semi-structured and encyclopedia websites.  

PubMed

To build large collections of medical terms from semi-structured information sources (e.g. tables, lists, etc.) and encyclopedia sites on the web. The terms are classified into the three semantic categories, Medical Problems, Medications, and Medical Tests, which were used in i2b2 challenge tasks. We developed two systems, one for Chinese and another for English terms. The two systems share the same methodology and use the same software with minimum language dependent parts. We produced large collections of terms by exploiting billions of semi-structured information sources and encyclopedia sites on the Web. The standard performance metric of recall (R) is extended to three different types of Recall to take the surface variability of terms into consideration. They are Surface Recall (R(S)), Object Recall (R(O)), and Surface Head recall (R(H)). We use two test sets for Chinese. For English, we use a collection of terms in the 2010 i2b2 text. Two collections of terms, one for English and the other for Chinese, have been created. The terms in these collections are classified as either of Medical Problems, Medications, or Medical Tests in the i2b2 challenge tasks. The English collection contains 49,249 (Problems), 89,591 (Medications) and 25,107 (Tests) terms, while the Chinese one contains 66,780 (Problems), 101,025 (Medications), and 15,032 (Tests) terms. The proposed method of constructing a large collection of medical terms is both efficient and effective, and, most of all, independent of language. The collections will be made publicly available. PMID:23874426

Xu, Yan; Wang, Yining; Sun, Jian-Tao; Zhang, Jianwen; Tsujii, Junichi; Chang, Eric

2013-07-09

188

Petroleum supply monthly  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blends, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States.

NONE

1995-10-01

189

Petroleum logistics. Final report and summary  

SciTech Connect

The results of this analysis of petroleum logistics are presented in this report. The analysis consists of 3 tasks. Task I, an overview of the petroleum supply and tanker industry, places emphasis on oil company decision-making processes; the organization and decision-making of oil companies as related to crude oil acquisition, supply, distribution and tanker management; the movement of oil to California (including potential constraints); and the evolution of the world crude oil market and oil tankers. Task II is an evaluation of critical elements and constraints affecting the petroleum supply and tanker transportation industry. This report discusses the causes of international petroleum logistical stress including supply reduction, interruption or dislocation, demand increase, and tanker shortage. The report further describes constraining factors affecting the supply of petroleum to California under conditions of international petroleum logistical stress, as well as factors which, themselves, can cause constraint to California oil supply during normal conditions. Task III represents a proposed plan for CEC monitoring of the supply and movement of oil to California. Nine critical areas are discussed, as are the major considerations of standby versus continuous monitoring, present and proposed activities, proposed organization for monitoring, and monitoring of the oil industry.

Not Available

1982-09-01

190

Encyclopedia of polymer science and engineering, Vol. 10, 2nd ed. : Nonwoven fabrics to photopolymerization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The contents of this book are: Nonwoven Fabrics; Nuclear magnetic Resonance; Oil-Field Applications; Olefin-CO Copolymers; Olefin Fibers; Olefin Polymers; Olegin-Sulfur Dioxide Copolymers: Oligomers; One-Electron Initiated Polymerization; Optically Active Polymers; Optical Microscopy; Optical Properties; Organometallic Polymers; Orientation; Orientation Processes; Osmometry; Oxetane Polymers; Oxidation Polymers; Oxidative Polymerization; Packaging Materials; Paper; Paper Additives and Resins; Pelletizing; Peroxides; Polymeric; Peroxy Compounds; Petroleum Additives; Petroleum

H. F. Mark; N. Bikales; C. G. Overberger; G. Menges; J. I. Kroschwitz

1987-01-01

191

Future petroleum geologist: discussion  

SciTech Connect

Robert R. Berg's (1986) article, ''The Future Petroleum Geologist,'' summarizes the findings of the 13-member AAPG Select Committee on The Future Petroleum Geologist appointed by President William L. Fisher in July 1985. While this undertaking is laudable, particularly considering present circumstance in the petroleum industry, the committee has apparently overlooked a vital aspect concerning the future knowledge requirements of the petroleum geologist. Specifically, the Select Committee makes no mention of the need for computer literacy in its list of educational training categories. Obviously, AAPG is well aware of both the interest in computers by its membership and the increasing need for training and familiarity in this discipline. The Select Committee on The Future Petroleum Geologist, while undertaking a difficult and potentially controversial task, has omitted an important aspect of the background requirements for generations of future petroleum geologists; the committee should consider an amendment to their recommendations to reflect this increasingly important field study.

Davis, G.D.

1987-07-01

192

Petroleum marketing monthly  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PPM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o. b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly.

NONE

1996-07-01

193

Practical petroleum geology  

SciTech Connect

This book contains the following eight chapters: Basic Concepts of Geology; Sedimentation; Oil and Gas Accumulation; Exploration; Economics; Well Sitting; Field Development; and Past, Present and Future. The goal of the book is to present a description of the field of petroleum geology that is centered on the point of view of the practicing petroleum geologist. After the beginning three chapters of pure geology, slanted toward the petroleum geologist's interest in oil and gas, the discussion turns toward more active concerns.

Leecraft, J.

1985-01-01

194

Environmental regulation of petroleum spills and wastes  

Microsoft Academic Search

An extensive, practical treatment of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990. This book contains all regulatory programs affecting the oil industry in one volume. Integrates the numerous, varied regulatory programs concerning environmental regulation of the oil industry. Analyzes both water and land-based spill of petroleum in terms of legal regulatory acts. Appendices include many previously unpublished internal EPA documents, which

1991-01-01

195

Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends  

EIA Publications

Examines historical trends and focuses on major petroleum issues and the events they represent. It analyzes different dimensions of the petroleum industry and related markets in terms of how they relate to the volatility in petroleum markets.

Information Center

1997-09-01

196

Petroleum: An Energy Profile 1999  

EIA Publications

Explains in laymen's terms the major components and operations of the U.S. petroleum industry that include: petroleum products, resources and reserves, drilling and exploration, refining, storage and transportation, imports, exports, and petroleum marketing

Information Center

1999-07-01

197

Lacustrine petroleum source rocks  

SciTech Connect

This book is a proceedings volume from a 1985 symposium sponsored by the Geological Society of London and the International Geological Correlation Program Project No. 219 (Comparative lacustrine sedimentology in space and time). That meeting set the tone for subsequent IGCP No. 219 symposia, where sedimentary, petroleum, and structural geologists, as well as geochemists and paleontologists, have grappled with important problems in lake geology. The 1985 meeting on lacustrine source rocks considered the following questions: (1) How can we develop more refined methods for interpreting depositional environments from lake deposits and fossils , (2) What limnologic, sedimentologic, and tectonic conditions are most conducive to the production and accumulation of organic matter in lakes , (3) What diagenetic changes affect organic-rich sediments after deposition , and (4) How can questions 2 and 3 be best evaluated from the stratigraphic record As a group, lakes are extremely productive ecosystems. Marine environments that would be ranked as high productivity systems are only moderately productive by lacustrine standards. Even with energy transfer rates of less than a few percent from the primary producers to the sediment, lacustrine mudrocks can be extremely rich in organic matter. The major limitations of lacustrine source rocks are not lithologic but limitations of scale (both spatial and temporal). How, in the middle of a continent, do you get a hole in the ground that is both big enough and long-lasting enough to generate significant quantities of hydrocarbons

Fleet, A.J.; Kelts, K.; Talbot, M. (eds.)

1988-01-01

198

Hydrogasification of petroleum oils  

Microsoft Academic Search

The conversion of residual petroleum oils and low rank coals to high heating value gases by direct hydrogenation was investigated as a means for supplementing the increased demand for pipeline gas during the winter months. It was demonstrated in a laboratory batch reactor that 80 to nearly 100 wt.% of residual petroleum oils, and 60 to 80 wt.% of a

E. B. Jr. Shultz; K. C. Channabasappa; H. R. Linden

1956-01-01

199

Fundamentals of Petroleum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Basic information on petroleum is presented in this book prepared for naval logistics officers. Petroleum in national defense is discussed in connection with consumption statistics, productive capacity, world's resources, and steps in logistics. Chemical and geological analyses are made in efforts to familiarize methods of refining, measuring,…

Bureau of Naval Personnel, Washington, DC.

200

Offshore world petroleum frontiers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potential to find the large oil and gas fields of the future lies in the offshore frontiers. Exploration for petroleum in the coming decades must be concentrated on discovering commercial supplies of the hydrocarbons that lie untapped in these areas. New and better uses of geology, geophysics, petroleum engineering, and technology must be employed in all aspects of exploration,

Halbouty

1983-01-01

201

Dictionary of petroleum terms  

SciTech Connect

Terms included in the dictionary come from writers and contributors of the Petroleum Extension Service of Texas (PETEC), which constantly revises and updates the material to keep it current. Over 170 pages of petroleum-related words include those involving exploration, production, processing, transport, marketing, and use. Lists of abbreviations, units, and metric equivalents and prefixes follow the dictionary.

Leecraft, J. (ed.)

1983-01-01

202

Petroleum supply monthly, April 1994  

SciTech Connect

Data presented in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographical regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the US. The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the US.

Not Available

1994-04-01

203

Complex Networks in Different Languages: A Study of an Emergent Multilingual Encyclopedia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is an increasing interest to the study of complex networks in an interdisciplinary way. Language, as a complex network, has been a part of this study due to its importance in human life. Moreover, the Internet has also been at the center of this study by making access to large amounts of information possible. With these ideas in mind, this work aims to evaluate conceptual networks in different languages with the data from a large and open source of information in the Internet, namely Wikipedia. As an evolving multilingual encyclopedia that can be edited by any Internet user, Wikipedia is a good example of an emergent complex system. In this paper, different from previous work on conceptual networks which usually concentrated on single languages, we concentrate on possible ways to compare the usages of different languages and possibly the underlying cultures. This also involves the analysis of local network properties around certain coneepts in different languages. For an initial evaluation, the concept "family" is used to compare the English and German Wikipedias. Although, the work is currently at the beginning, the results are promising.

Pembe, F. Canan; Bingol, Haluk

204

Pocketome: an encyclopedia of small-molecule binding sites in 4D  

PubMed Central

The importance of binding site plasticity in protein–ligand interactions is well-recognized, and so are the difficulties in predicting the nature and the degree of this plasticity by computational means. To assist in understanding the flexible protein–ligand interactions, we constructed the Pocketome, an encyclopedia of about one thousand experimentally solved conformational ensembles of druggable binding sites in proteins, grouped by location and consistent chain/cofactor composition. The multiplicity of pockets within the ensembles adds an extra, fourth dimension to the Pocketome entry data. Within each ensemble, the pockets were carefully classified by the degree of their pairwise similarity and compatibility with different ligands. The core of the Pocketome is derived regularly and automatically from the current releases of the Protein Data Bank and the Uniprot Knowledgebase; this core is complemented by entries built from manually provided seed ligand locations. The Pocketome website (www.pocketome.org) allows searching for the sites of interest, analysis of conformational clusters, important residues, binding compatibility matrices and interactive visualization of the ensembles using the ActiveICM web browser plugin. The Pocketome collection can be used to build multi-conformational docking and 3D activity models as well as to design cross-docking and virtual ligand screening benchmarks.

Kufareva, Irina; Ilatovskiy, Andrey V.; Abagyan, Ruben

2012-01-01

205

Elements of petroleum geology  

SciTech Connect

This work surveys the modern science of petroleum geology. Its aim is twofold: to describe generation, migration, and entrapment of oil and gas, and to outline the various procedures used in their location, evaluation, and production. Selley begins the book with an account of the physical and chemical properties of petroleum, followed by a review of the methods of petroleum exploration and production, including drilling, geophysical exploration techniques, wireline logging, and subsurface geological mapping. Selley next describes the temperatures and pressures of the subsurface environment and the composition and hydrodynamics of connate fluids. He goes on to examine the generation and migration of petroleum, reservoir rocks, and trapping mechanisms, the habitat of petroleum in sedimentary basins, and the composition and formation of tar sands and oil shales. Selley ends the book with a brief review of prospect risk analysis, reserve estimation, and other economic topics.

Selley, R.C.

1985-01-01

206

World petroleum supplies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A number of conclusions by political conservatives about the fate of world petroleum supplies have been emerging lately. Among the most recent of them arose from discussions, held at the 1983 spring meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), which focused on the environment and resource study entitled “The Global 2000 Report” (New Scientist, June 9, 1983). Fred Singer, representing the Heritage Foundation of Washington, D.C., criticized the report, which predicted shortages in the near future, saying that the current world-wide oil glut will continue beyond the year 2000. Alternatives to the use of petroleum are a part of the cause. Singer argued that conservation, nuclear energy, and other petroleum substitutes will continue to suppress the demand for petroleum. In addition, according to other evaluations, exploration for petroleum and natural gas has not really begun.

Bell, Peter M.

207

19 CFR 151.47 - Optional entry of net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products. 151.47 Section 151...MERCHANDISE Petroleum and Petroleum Products § 151.47 Optional entry of net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products. Instead of stating...

2010-04-01

208

19 CFR 151.47 - Optional entry of net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products. 151.47 Section 151...MERCHANDISE Petroleum and Petroleum Products § 151.47 Optional entry of net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products. Instead of stating...

2009-04-01

209

Apparatus for recovery of petroleum from petroleum impregnated media  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A method and apparatus for the recovery of petroleum from petroleum impregnated media. The apparatus includes a microwave generator and a guide for directing microwaves to a microwave dispersing chamber for heating the media. The apparatus has a plurality of holes for the flow of heated petroleum into a petroleum chamber. The method of the invention includes inserting the apparatus into an opening in the media, dispersing microwaves into the media to heat it and recovering petroleum in the recovery chamber.

1980-03-18

210

Targeting a Complex Transcriptome: The Construction of the Mouse Full-Length cDNA Encyclopedia  

PubMed Central

We report the construction of the mouse full-length cDNA encyclopedia,the most extensive view of a complex transcriptome,on the basis of preparing and sequencing 246 libraries. Before cloning,cDNAs were enriched in full-length by Cap-Trapper,and in most cases,aggressively subtracted/normalized. We have produced 1,442,236 successful 3?-end sequences clustered into 171,144 groups, from which 60,770 clones were fully sequenced cDNAs annotated in the FANTOM-2 annotation. We have also produced 547,149 5? end reads,which clustered into 124,258 groups. Altogether, these cDNAs were further grouped in 70,000 transcriptional units (TU),which represent the best coverage of a transcriptome so far. By monitoring the extent of normalization/subtraction, we define the tentative equivalent coverage (TEC),which was estimated to be equivalent to >12,000,000 ESTs derived from standard libraries. High coverage explains discrepancies between the very large numbers of clusters (and TUs) of this project,which also include non-protein-coding RNAs,and the lower gene number estimation of genome annotations. Altogether,5?-end clusters identify regions that are potential promoters for 8637 known genes and 5?-end clusters suggest the presence of almost 63,000 transcriptional starting points. An estimate of the frequency of polyadenylation signals suggests that at least half of the singletons in the EST set represent real mRNAs. Clones accounting for about half of the predicted TUs await further sequencing. The continued high-discovery rate suggests that the task of transcriptome discovery is not yet complete.

Carninci, Piero; Waki, Kazunori; Shiraki, Toshiyuki; Konno, Hideaki; Shibata, Kazuhiro; Itoh, Masayoshi; Aizawa, Katsunori; Arakawa, Takahiro; Ishii, Yoshiyuki; Sasaki, Daisuke; Bono, Hidemasa; Kondo, Shinji; Sugahara, Yuichi; Saito, Rintaro; Osato, Naoki; Fukuda, Shiro; Sato, Kenjiro; Watahiki, Akira; Hirozane-Kishikawa, Tomoko; Nakamura, Mari; Shibata, Yuko; Yasunishi, Ayako; Kikuchi, Noriko; Yoshiki, Atsushi; Kusakabe, Moriaki; Gustincich, Stefano; Beisel, Kirk; Pavan, William; Aidinis, Vassilis; Nakagawara, Akira; Held, William A.; Iwata, Hiroo; Kono, Tomohiro; Nakauchi, Hiromitsu; Lyons, Paul; Wells, Christine; Hume, David A.; Fagiolini, Michela; Hensch, Takao K.; Brinkmeier, Michelle; Camper, Sally; Hirota, Junji; Mombaerts, Peter; Muramatsu, Masami; Okazaki, Yasushi; Kawai, Jun; Hayashizaki, Yoshihide

2003-01-01

211

Petroleum supply monthly, August 1993  

SciTech Connect

This publication the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report, (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. Data presented are divided into Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

Not Available

1993-09-01

212

An Annotated and Critical Bibliography of Recent English Language International Library Science Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author provides brief critiques of "Libri;""Journal of Library History;""FID Newsletter;""Unesco Bulletin for Libraries;""Bibliography, Documentation and Technology;""International Library Review" plus Asheim, Kaser, Bone, "Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science," Simsova, White and other books and serials in the area of…

Harvey, John F.

213

Petroleum Brownfields: Developing Inventories.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), is intended as a tool to help states, tribes, EPA Brownfields Assessment grant recipients, and others develop an inventory of relatively low-risk, petroleum-contaminated brownfield proper...

2009-01-01

214

Petroleum marketing annual 1993  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Annual (PMA) contains statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the free-on-board (f.o.b.) and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented. For this publication, all estimates have been recalculated since their earlier publication in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM). These calculations made use of additional data and corrections that were received after the PMM publication dates.

Not Available

1995-01-01

215

Illustrated petroleum reference dictionary  

SciTech Connect

An illustrated dictionary covering the petroleum industry from oil exploration to refining is presented. More than 2500 subjects are addressed and the dictionary includes sections on university conversion factors and abbreviations.

Langenkamp, R.D. (ed.)

1980-01-01

216

Petroleum Depletion by Inquiry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a draft of an inquiry-based activity on peak oil. Students are asked to contribute in a whole class discussion their thoughts about petroleum use and its availability. They then work in groups to make sense of existing data on petroleum discoveries and consumption, and project future discoveries, future consumption, and the lifespan of the legacy of discovered oil. They then are asked to adjust future consumption so that oil reserves last until 2070.

Johnson, Andrew P.

217

Introduction to Petroleum Geology  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a \\u000a Petroleum geology comprises those geological disciplines which are of greatest significance for the finding and recovery of oil and gas. Since\\u000a most of the obvious and “easy to find” petroleum already has been discovered it is necessary to use sophisticated methods\\u000a in the exploration of sedimentary basins. These include advanced geophysical techniques and basin modelling. There is also\\u000a much more

Knut Bjřrlykke

218

Sedimentology and petroleum geology  

SciTech Connect

This book presents an introduction to sedimentology as well as petroleum geology. It integrates both subjects, which are closely related but mostly treated separately. The author covers the basic aspects of sedimentology, sedimentary geochemistry and diagenesis. Principles of stratigraphy, seismic stratigraphy and basin modelling forms the base for the part on petroleum geology. Subjects discussed include the composition of kerogen and hydrocarbons, theories of migration and trapping of hydrocarbons and properties of reservoir rocks. Introductions to well logging and production geology are given.

Bjorlykke, K.O. (Oslo Univ. (Norway))

1989-01-01

219

Petroleum and Its Products  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Petroleum is a diverse mixture of hydrocarbons—chemical combinations of primarily hydrogen and carbon. Complete combustion\\u000a of hydrocarbons yields the end products of carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O). However, incomplete combustion results in a composite mixture of other products such as CO2, H2O, carbon monoxide (CO), and various oxygenated hydrocarbons. Since burning petroleum consumes air, nitrogen compounds are\\u000a also formed.

S. Romanow-Garcia; H. L. Hoffman

2007-01-01

220

Romania's petroleum systems  

SciTech Connect

In Romania, nine onshore petroleum systems and one offshore petroleum system have recently been identified. Of the onshore systems, three are related to the compressional folded basins: Teleajen-Sita (early Middle Cretaceous marine source rocks), and Puciossa-Fusaru and Alunis-Kliwa (Oligocene-early Miocene marine source rocks). In the same category, we have included the recently discovered Deleni petroleum system with source rocks of not yet identified origin but whose reservoirs certainly belong to a folded basin. In the foreland platform basins, two systems can be distinguished: Rimesti-Fauresti (Middle Jurassic marine source rocks) and Infra-Anhydrite (with presumed Middle Jurassic or middle Miocene marine source rocks). The areas corresponding to the posttectonic basins include three onshore petroleum systems and one offshore system: the Pannonian (Badenian marine and Sarmatian brackish water source rocks), the Valea Caselor-Borsa (oligocene marine source rocks) and the Transylvanian (Badenian marine shales source and Sarmatian brackish water source rocks). Offshore, there is only one petroleum system consisting of Oligocene-Miocene marine source rock and Cretaceous or Eocene reservoirs. The majority of the mentioned petroleum systems reservoirs are Paleozoic to Pliocene clastics, but in the platform areas, carbonate reservoirs are found in the Paleozoic and Mesozoic. In all the petroleum systems, despite the different ages of the source rocks, most of the hydrocarbons have been expelled relatively recently during the Late Sarmatian-Pliocene interval. This face is substantiated by examples from two petroleum systems: the Rimesti-Fauresti (duration time 173 m.y., preservation 2 m.y.) and the Alunis-Kliwa (duration time 29-30 m.y., preservation 4 m.y.). The hydrocarbons were first expelled and migrated into described systems reservoirs after Late Styrian and Moldavian overthrusting, i.e. not earlier than 12-14 m.y.

Stefanescu, M.O. (Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Bucharest (Romania)); Popescu, B.M. (Petroconsultants S.A., Geneva (Switzerland))

1993-09-01

221

Phillips Petroleum`s Seastar Project  

SciTech Connect

On May 1, 1995 Phillips Petroleum`s Seastar Project began production as the first cluster-type subsea development in the Gulf of Mexico. Seastar production reached approximately 60 million cubic feet of gas per day (mmscfd) in November 1995 with the completion of a second {open_quotes}sales{close_quotes} line (a pipeline that transports the petroleum to shore) at the Vermilion Block 386-B host platform. Currently, the field is producing 40 to 50 mmscfd and plans are on schedule for the addition of a third producing well during the first quarter of 1997. All of the subsea equipment was installed using a drilling vessel and onboard ROV support. The Seastar project began in 1987 when Phillips and its partners leased Garden Banks Blocks 70 and 71, located 110 miles south of Cameron Louisiana. The partnership drilled two wells in 1990 that discovered noncommercial hydrocarbon reserves. Following a reevaluation of the seismic data, Phillips assumed 100 percent ownership in the leases and drilled Garden Banks 71 No. 2, which discovered 350 feet of {open_quotes}pay{close_quotes} sand (oil resource) in March 1993. The initial phase of the project consisted of two satellite subsea trees tied back to a four-slot retrievable subsea manifold in 760 feet of water. Commingled gas production is delivered via dual subsea pipelines to a host platform processing facility in 300 feet of water 13 miles away in Vermilion Block 386-B, thence via sales lines to shore.

Upchurch, J.L. [Phillips Petroleum Co., Bellaire, TX (United States); Money, R.P. [Aker Engineering Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1997-02-01

222

Petroleum marketing monthly, May 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly.

Not Available

1994-05-26

223

15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 754 - Petroleum and Petroleum Products  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Petroleum and Petroleum Products No. Supplement No. 1...Part 754âPetroleum and Petroleum Products This supplement provides...refined for further refining. Petroleum Products 2804.29.0010...

2010-01-01

224

Petroleum marketing annual, 1992  

SciTech Connect

This publication contains statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the free-on-board (f.o.b.) and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1993-07-01

225

Petroleum Marketing Annual, 1989  

SciTech Connect

This report contains statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for us by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the free-on-board (f.o.b.) and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners' acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented. 13 figs., 51 tabs.

Not Available

1990-12-18

226

Petroleum supply monthly, July 1993  

SciTech Connect

Data presented in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: Petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States.

Not Available

1993-07-29

227

International energy annual 1996  

SciTech Connect

The International Energy Annual presents an overview of key international energy trends for production, consumption, imports, and exports of primary energy commodities in over 220 countries, dependencies, and areas of special sovereignty. Also included are population and gross domestic product data, as well as prices for crude oil and petroleum products in selected countries. Renewable energy reported in the International Energy Annual includes hydroelectric power, geothermal, solar, and wind electric power, biofuels energy for the US, and biofuels electric power for Brazil. New in the 1996 edition are estimates of carbon dioxide emissions from the consumption of petroleum and coal, and the consumption and flaring of natural gas. 72 tabs.

NONE

1998-02-01

228

International overcommitment draws warning  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that after rushing to take advantage of new opportunities offered by governments around the world, the international petroleum industry may be overcommitted. Cooperation among countries and companies in the next 2 years will be required if a lot of grief is to be avoided, says an international petroleum financing consultant. To respond adequately to the cash crisis, industry must: reduce internal costs; reduce project costs; lay off project obligations; sell noncore assets; renegotiate license obligations; and slow down, scale down projects; and finance projects.

Not Available

1992-10-19

229

Petroleum supply monthly, April 1990  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of three publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other two publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR) and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the Petroleum Supply Monthly describe (PSM) the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in Primary Supply.'' Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: (1) the Summary Statistics and (2) the Detailed Statistics.

None

1990-06-26

230

International energy annual 1995  

SciTech Connect

The International Energy Annual presents information and trends on world energy production and consumption for petroleum, natural gas, coal, and electricity. Production and consumption data are reported in standard units as well as British thermal units (Btu). Trade and reserves are shown for petroleum, natural gas, and coal. Data are provided on crude oil refining capacity and electricity installed capacity by type. Prices are included for selected crude oils and for refined petroleum products in selected countries. Population and Gross Domestic Product data are also provided.

NONE

1996-12-01

231

Strategic Petroleum Reserve.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The House passed H.R. 6, the Energy Policy Act of 2005, on April 21, 2005 (249- 183). The legislation would permanently authorize the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) and require, as expeditiously as practicable, expansion of the SPR to its authorized ma...

R. Bamberger

2005-01-01

232

Petroleum industry and renewables  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we review activity by the large petroleum majors in the renewables sector. Oil companies have traditional- ly invested in other energy sectors (e.g., coal, nuclear) but in recent years the trend has been to concentrate on the petrole- um sector. The low price of oil throughout the last decade of the 20 th century limited the scope

Patrick Corbett; Sandy Kerr; Bryce Richards; Jon Side; David Davies

233

The end of petroleum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mission is to identify a National Energy Strategy for the United States of America, leading to energy independence. A key focus is to phase-out and ultimately terminate our reliance on petroleum supplied from OPEC middle Eastern sources, to reduce the political and military price American citizens now pay for continuing our dependence on oil from the Persian Gulf. An

F. A. Wyczalek; C. M. Suh

2002-01-01

234

Photochemistry of petroleum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The photochemical weathering of a crude Brazilian petroleum as a film over sea-water by sunlight has been studied using a combination of analytical tools including elemental analysis, GC, UV-VIS, IR, Fluorescence, and NMR. Fluorescence intensity decreased rapidly upon irradiation, whereas only slight weathering could be observed by GC and IR even after 100 h of exposure to full tropical sunlight.

David E. Nicodem; Carmen L. B. Guedes; Rodrigo J. Correa

1998-01-01

235

Illustrated petroleum reference dictionary  

SciTech Connect

An illustrated dictionary with approximately 3,000 entries is presented. Many of the entries are illustrated. In addition to the dictionary section, a section on universal conversion factors is presented, along with a section on common abbreviations used in the petroleum industry. (JMT)

Langenkamp, R.D.

1982-01-01

236

Bahamas: future petroleum province  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Commonwealth of the Bahamas and its offshore areas, located off the southeasternmost tip of the US, have experienced only cursory petroleum exploration in the past. Between 1947 and 1971 only 4 wells were drilled; however, the region warrants extensive exploration. New portions of the Great Bahama Bank, where water depths are relatively shallow, have been licensed recently to multinational

Halbouty

1985-01-01

237

Petroleum supply monthly, June 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

Not Available

1994-06-28

238

Petroleum supply monthly, May 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum supply annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

Not Available

1994-05-27

239

Petroleum supply monthly, January 1996  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

NONE

1996-02-15

240

Petroleum Supply Monthly, August 1990  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of three publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other two publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR) and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) district movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in Primary Supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections (1) the Summary Statistics and (2) the Detailed Statistics.

Not Available

1990-10-30

241

Petroleum supply monthly, July 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

Not Available

1994-07-26

242

Petroleum Supply Monthly, July 1990  

SciTech Connect

Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 states and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in Primary Supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States.

Not Available

1990-09-28

243

The United Nations Framework Classification for World Petroleum Resources  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The United Nations has developed an international framework classification for solid fuels and minerals (UNFC). This is now being extended to petroleum by building on the joint classification of the Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE), the World Petroleum Congresses (WPC) and the American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG). The UNFC is a 3-dimansional classification. This: Is necessary in order to migrate accounts of resource quantities that are developed on one or two of the axes to the common basis; Provides for more precise reporting and analysis. This is particularly useful in analyses of contingent resources. The characteristics of the SPE/WPC/AAPG classification has been preserved and enhanced to facilitate improved international and national petroleum resource management, corporate business process management and financial reporting. A UN intergovernmental committee responsible for extending the UNFC to extractive energy resources (coal, petroleum and uranium) will meet in Geneva on October 30th and 31st to review experiences gained and comments received during 2003. A recommended classification will then be delivered for consideration to the United Nations through the Committee on Sustainable Energy of the Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE).

Ahlbrandt, T. S.; Blystad, P.; Young, E. D.; Slavov, S.; Heiberg, S.

2003-01-01

244

Plotting the Petroleum Plume  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity students study a cross-section showing the different soil layers and zones in a typical water table aquifer setting and also a cross-section of a monitoring well. Students discover that monitoring wells are constructed to determine water table elevations and to determine the amount or concentration of different chemical compounds (pollution) in the groundwater. They also learn that monitoring wells are very useful in determining if there has been a leak or spill of petroleum fuel oil from fuel tank farms (where fuel oil is stored in huge tanks) or gas stations. During this activity students learn the difference between confining layers and aquifers in a basic water table aquifer scenario, gain an understanding of how monitoring wells are constructed and used in the field, and are able to contour groundwater elevation and petroleum product thickness data. This site also includes directions to construct a demonstration monitoring well.

245

Sedimentology and petroleum geology  

SciTech Connect

In this introduction to sedimentology and petroleum geology the subjects, which are closely related but mostly treated separately, are integrated. The first part covers the basic aspects of sedimentology, sedimentary geochemistry and diagenesis, including brief discussions of flow in rivers and channels, types of sediment transport, lake and river deposits, deltas (river-dominated, tide-dominated, and wave-dominated) and the water budget. Principles of stratigraphy, seismic stratigraphy and basin modeling form the basis for the last part on petroleum geology. Here subjects include the composition of kerogen and hydrocarbons, theories of migration and trapping of hydrocarbons and properties of reservoir rocks. Finally, short introductions to well logging and production geology are given.

Bjorlykke, K.

1989-01-01

246

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve program was set into motion by the 1975 Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA). By 1990, 590 million barrels of oil had been placed in storage. Salt domes along the Gulf Coast offered ideal storage. Both sweet'' and sour'' crude oil have been acquired using various purchase options. Drawdown, sale, and distribution of the oil would proceed according to guidelines set by EPCA in the event of a severe energy supply disruption. (SM)

Not Available

1991-01-01

247

Petroleum-processing wastes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A.G. Collins has reviewed the literature on water pollutants associated with oil and gas well development. The most important of these were brines, petroleum, drilling fluids, drilling muds, well-completion chemicals, and production-associated chemicals. All may enter the environment as a result of poor drilling and well-completion practices and improperly abandoned wells. D.E. Angino discussed water pollution by oil-field brines and

Hall

1972-01-01

248

Bahamas: future petroleum province  

SciTech Connect

The Commonwealth of the Bahamas and its offshore areas, located off the southeasternmost tip of the US, have experienced only cursory petroleum exploration in the past. Between 1947 and 1971 only 4 wells were drilled; however, the region warrants extensive exploration. New portions of the Great Bahama Bank, where water depths are relatively shallow, have been licensed recently to multinational companies. Recent seismic surveys have indicated encouraging stratigraphic data for much of the Florida-Bahama basin. This chain of about 700 islands covers approximately 300,000 km/sup 2/ (116,000 mi/sup 2/) and is characterized by shallow-water carbonate banks that are separated by deep-water channels. Water depth in the Bahamas range from a few meters in the areas immediately adjacent to the islands to as much as 4000 m (13,120 ft) along the northeast margin of the archipelago. The Bahamian carbonate platform is underlain by approximately 6 km (3.75 mi) of carbonate and evaporite sediments, making it one of the world's thickest carbonate sequences. Although the presence of reefs, evaporites, and bank carbonates have made the Bahamas an area of scientific interest to petroleum geologists for many years, very little exploration has been conducted in the region. New seismic surveys of the region, improved drilling methods, and the application of advanced geophysical techniques and geologic concepts improve the probability that this heretofore neglected region could become a future petroleum province.

Halbouty, M.T.

1985-02-01

249

Market-oriented petroleum industry as a prerequisite to Russian economic security. Master`s thesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Russian petroleum industry is facing a critical juncture where expedient reform is necessary immediately. The main focus of this thesis is to account for the primary barriers which hamper the free flow of former Soviet petroleum into international markets and to suggest alternatives to current Russian energy policy. A secondary objective is to scrutinize the United States` foreign policy

Yegge

1995-01-01

250

19 CFR 151.47 - Optional entry of net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Optional entry of net quantity of petroleum or petroleum products. 151.47 Section 151.47 Customs...EXAMINATION, SAMPLING, AND TESTING OF MERCHANDISE Petroleum and Petroleum Products § 151.47 Optional...

2013-04-01

251

Petroleum marketing monthly, August 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product Sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly.

Not Available

1994-08-15

252

World petroleum resources and reserves  

SciTech Connect

Up to 1965 the world produced and consumed only 10% of the oil available on this planet; between 1965 and 2040 we will use up 80% of the remaining reserves, leaving only 10% of the resource for the years to follow. Clearly, the epoch of petroleum is a transitory one. Nevertheless, petroleum is at present the most important component of the energy base supporting the industrialized world. This book describes and analyzes the geological basis for the current world petroleum situation. Mr. Riva exaplains the formation and accumulation of conventional and unconventional oil and gas, methods used by geologists in search for petroleum and petroleum-containing basins, and techniques for petroleum production. He then discusses the uneven distribution of the world's oil, focusing on the Arabian-Iranian basin, which contains half of the world's known recoverable reserves, and examines the petroleum prospects in several distinctly different areas of the world. The United States is presented as an example of an area in general decline already exhaustively explored. In contrast, the case study of the Soviet petroleum industry and a geological assessment of Soviet production prospects show a region at the peak of its oil production, with its decline about to begin. He chooses Indonesia as the focus for a typical Southeast Asian petroleum history and develops a profile of Mexico's petroleum situation as an example of an area with increasing production potential. Mr. Riva concludes with an assessment of the prospects for future world petroleum discoveries and a geologically based estimate of the earth's total original stock of recoverable petroleum.

Riva, J.P. Jr.

1983-01-01

253

Production of petroleum polymer resins  

Microsoft Academic Search

In other countries, petroleum polymer resins are being used successfully in large volumes. In the U.S. in 1982, for example, 128,000 tonnes of petroleum polymer resins were produced [2], much of which was used in the paint and varnish industry. In commercial production in the USSR are a dark-colored styrene-lndene resin and light-colored petroleum polymer resins of two types --

Yu. V. Dumskii; M. E. Belyakov; A. K. Suroto; G. F. Cherednikova; L. B. Grin'ko

1988-01-01

254

Petroleum marketing monthly, December 1995  

SciTech Connect

This publication provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. It presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include domestic first purchase price, f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude, and refiners` acquisition cost of crude. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane.

NONE

1995-12-05

255

Petroleum effects in the Arctic  

SciTech Connect

This book presents papers on the environmental and biological effects of oil spills. Topics considered include the Arctic marine ecosystem, the physical and chemical fate of spilled oil, the effects of hydrocarbons on microorganisms and petroleum biodegradation in arctic ecosystems, the effects of oil on arctic invertebrates, the effects of oil on fish, a risk assessment of oil on arctic marine birds, the effects of petroleum on marine mammals, and the effects of petroleum activities on the ecology of arctic man.

Engelhardt, F.R.

1985-01-01

256

Geoscience indexing at petroleum abstracts  

SciTech Connect

Geoscience literature received by Petroleum Abstracts Information System is indexed by Scientist with field experience. The indexing consists of relating concepts produced by the author to a controlled vocabulary used at Petroleum Abstracts. The primary emphasis of selection of the literature at Petroleum Abstracts is petroleum-related, but not petroleum restricted. Geoscience literature indexed at Petroleum Abstracts comprises the following subjects: Geology, Geochemistry, Geophysics, and Mineral Commodities. The depth of indexing attributed to each article does in fact depend on the amount of petroleum-related subject matter in the article. Once the indexing is completed, the abstract is then cut to approximately 150 words. The scientist who indexes at Petroleum Abstracts is not expected to know or remember every detail or concept ever published. But he or she is expected to be able to go to an atlas, dictionary, or any other reference material available and apply the concepts to a controlled vocabulary. This is somewhat of a restriction on scientists, but it is the only way to maintain any kind of consistency in the indexing. Successful searching of the Petroleum Abstracts Information System can be accomplished with an understanding of the indexing strategy and the importance and necessity of referencing the thesauri controlled vocabulary. It may be more time-consuming, but will certainly be more accurate in the retrieval of the information.

Finnegan, M.A.

1985-01-01

257

Petroleum marketing monthly, November 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane.

Not Available

1994-11-21

258

Petroleum marketing monthly, December 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane.

Not Available

1994-12-07

259

National strategic petroleum reserve.  

PubMed

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve is intended to reduce the vulnerability of the United States to interruptions in the oil supply from foreign sources. Storage for 248 million barrels of crude oil in salt caverns and mines, with equipment for pumping and distribution, was constructed and operationally tested in a 4-year period. Its present inventory is the largest known crude oil reserve in the world. Facilities for expanding the reserve's capacity by another 290 million barrels are being developed by solution-mining in salt domes. PMID:17847458

Davis, R M

1981-08-01

260

Geochemistry in petroleum exploration  

SciTech Connect

This book is aimed especially at exploration geologists and advanced geology students. As such, its emphasis is on the geological applications of geochemistry. It contains many examples showing the applications of geochemistry to common exploration problems. Important case studies are presented to provide reinforcement. The Author also inserts a glossary of chemical and geochemical terms, plus an extensive bibliography. Contents include: 1. Introduction. 2. Organic facies. 3. Organic chemistry and isotopes. 4. Kerogen 5. Bitumen, petroleum, and natural gas. 6. Migration. 7. Analytical techniques. 8. Source-rock evaluation. 9. Predicting thermal maturity. 10. Correlations. 11. Surface prospecting. 12. Integrated applications to exploration. Glossary. Reference. Index.

Waples, D.W.

1985-01-01

261

The petroleum exponential (again)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. production and reserves of liquid and gaseous petroleum have declined since 1960, at least in the lower 48 states. This decline stems from decreased discovery rates, as predicted by M. King Hubbert in the mid-1950's. Hubbert's once unpopular views were based on statistical analysis of the production history of the petroleum industry, and now, even with inclusion of the statistical perturbation caused by the Prudhoe Bay-North Alaskan Slope discovery (the largest oil field ever found in the United States), it seems clear again that production is following the exponential curve to depletion of the resource—to the end of the ultimate yield of petroleum from wells in the United States.In a recent report, C. Hall and C. Cleveland of Cornell University show that large atypical discoveries, such as the Prudhoe Bay find, are but minor influences on what now appears to be the crucial intersection of two exponentials [Science, 211, 576-579, 1981]: the production-per-drilled-foot curve of Hubbert, which crosses zero production no later than the year 2005; the other, a curve that plots the energy cost of drilling and extraction with time; that is, the cost-time rate of how much oil is used to drill and extract oil from the ground. The intersection, if no other discoveries the size of the Prudhoe Bay field are made, could be as early as 1990, the end of the present decade. The inclusion of each Prudhoe-Bay-size find extends the year of intersection by only about 6 years. Beyond that point, more than one barrel of petroleum would be expended for each barrel extracted from the ground. The oil exploration-extraction and refining industry is currently the second most energy-intensive industry in the U.S., and the message seems clear. Either more efficient drilling and production techniques are discovered, or domestic production will cease well before the end of this century if the Hubbert analysis modified by Hall and Cleveland is correct.

Bell, Peter M.

262

Underground petroleum tanks  

SciTech Connect

This book presents the results of a survey of 46 state underground storage tank program officials. The survey covers: Whether petroleum tank insurance (mandated by the EPA) is available in each state and whether category 3 and 4 owners can obtain it; state programs that help owners meet the financial responsibility and/or technical requirements of such insurance; and lending institutions' attitudes towards providing loans to storage tank owners. A survey of the number and terms of insurance policies offered to tank owners is also presented.

Not Available

1990-07-01

263

Security Exercise Readiness Program for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Security Exercise Readiness Program or SERP, is a series of response-oriented exercises designed to evaluate the readiness of the protection force at DOE's Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). International Energy Associates Limited (IEAL) developed SERP in 1984 for Wells Fargo Guard Services (WFGS), the SPR protective services contractor. The purpose of this paper is to describe the systems methodology used

1985-01-01

264

Interfacial Phenomena in the Filtration\\/Separation of Petroleum Products  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increased dieselization of the internal combustion engine and other energy related considerations are the impetus for higher performance, longer life petroleum product filters. A better understanding of the role of interfacial phenomena, in the non-aqueous filtration applications, is needed for improved products. This review paper focuses on the effect of interfacial phenomena in the coalescence and separation of water

Rajan A. Jaisinghani

1983-01-01

265

[The application of genetic engineering to the petroleum biodesulfurization].  

PubMed

The developed course and reaction mechanisms of petroleum biodesulfurization were introduced. The recent development of genetic engineering technology, which used in desulfuration strain's construction, reconstruction and other fields, was summarized emphatically. Its current research situation internal and overseas and the developing prospect were simply analyzed, and our research designs were submitted. PMID:11910751

Tong, M Y; Fang, X C; Ma, T; Zhang, Q

2001-11-01

266

Last call for comments. [Petroleum industry data dictionary  

SciTech Connect

This is the final installment of the Petroleum Industry Data Dictionary - an ambitious effort to standardize industry terms and definitions for use in electronic data exchange. The initial release is available on diskette. By publishing the PIDD in installments, we hope Geobyte readers will provide international input that will strengthen the development and eventual usefulness of the dictionary.

Milam, K.; Leonard, L.E.

1991-12-01

267

Petroleum supply monthly, June 1993  

SciTech Connect

Data presented in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics. The tables and figures ih the Summary Statistics section of the PSM present a time series of selected petroleum data on a US level. Most time series include preliminary estimates for one month based on the Weekly Petroleum Supply Reporting System; statistics based on the most recent data from the Monthly Petroleum Supply Reporting System (MPSRS); and statistics published in prior issues of the PSM and PSA. The Detailed Statistics tables of the PSM present statistics for the most current month available as well as year-to-date. In most cases, the statistics are presented for several geographic areas - - the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia), five PAD Districts, and 12 Refining Districts. At the US and PAD District level, the total volume and the daily rate of activities are presented. The statistics are developed from monthly survey forms submitted by respondents to the EIA and from data provided firom other sources.

Not Available

1993-06-28

268

Petroleum supply monthly, March 1994  

SciTech Connect

Data presented in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics. The tables and figures in the Summary Statistics section of the PSM present a time series of selected petroleum data on a US level. Most time series include preliminary estimates for one month based on the Weekly Petroleum Supply Reporting System; statistics based on the most recent data from the Monthly Petroleum Supply Reporting System (MPSRS); and statistics published in prior issues of the PSM and PSA. The Detailed Statistics tables of the PSM present statistics for the most current month available as well as year-to-date. In most cases, the statistics are presented for several geographic areas -- the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia), five PAD Districts, and 12 Refining Districts. At the US and PAD District level, the total volume and the daily rate of activities are presented. The statistics are developed from monthly survey forms submitted by respondents to the EIA and from data provided from other sources.

Not Available

1994-03-30

269

Indigenous Precambrian petroleum revisited  

SciTech Connect

Irrefutable evidence of fossil remains from Precambrian sediments and proved petroleum reserves in upper Proterozoic (Riphean-Vendian) strata of the Irkutsk basin, USSR, suggest that unmetamorphosed Precambrian sedimentary rocks should be a focus for hydrocarbon exploration. Since 1965, a dramatic increase in publications which document worldwide occurrences of Precambrian life forms discloses that, by the end of the Proterozoic, organic evolution had produced diversified assemblages of relatively highly developed macroorganisms and microorganisms. Some of these organisms have generated crude oil in the Nonesuch Shale of northern Michigan and kerogen in stromatolitic carbonate rocks in Africa Kerogen has been extracted from approx. 2300-m.y. old Transvaal (Africa) stromatolitic limestone containing coccoid and complex filamentous cyanophytes. Also, aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons have been obtained from the approx. 2800-m.y. old Bulawayan stromatolitic limestone of Rhodesia. Additional evidence indicates that commercial reserves of petroleum from Precambrian strata are possible. An oil discovery in Lower Cambrian rocks in 1962, at Markovo in the Irkutsk basin of the Siberian platform area, led to four noncommercial and eight commercial fields producing from Lower Cambrian and Upper Proterozoic strata.

Murray, G.E. (Texas Tech. Univ., Lubbock); Kaczor, M.J.; McArthur, R.E.

1980-10-01

270

Petroleum occurrences and plate tectonics  

SciTech Connect

This paper analyzes the mechanisms of petroleum formation and petroleum accumulation proposed in recent years by some Russian and foreign investigators from the viewpoint of the new global or plate tectonics. On the basis of discussion and the facts, the authors conclude that the mechanisms proposed are in contradiction to reality and their use in practical application is at least premature.

Olenin, V.B.; Sokolov, B.A.

1983-01-01

271

Decision analysis for petroleum exploration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Decision analysis methods used to analyze petroleum exploration and exploitation drilling prospects are discussed. Included in the contents are: measures of profitability; decision tree analysis methods; preference theory concepts; basic principles of profitability; petroleum exploration risk analysis method; risk analysis using simulation techniques; and implementing risk analysis methods. (JMT)

Newendorp

1976-01-01

272

Encyclopedia of fluid mechanics. Volume 2 - Dynamics of single-fluid flows and mixing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various papers on the dynamics of single-fluid flows and mixing are presented. The general topics addressed include: channel and free surface flows, mixing phenomena and practices, and fluid transport equipment. Individual papers discuss: statistics of deep water surface waves, unstable turbulent channel flow, hydraulic jumps and internal flows, wave attenuation in open channel flow, straight sediment stable channels, three-dimensional deep-water

N. P. Cheremisinoff

1986-01-01

273

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

This Quarterly Report highlights activities undertaken during the second quarter of calendar year 1993, including: inventory of petroleum products stored in the Reserve, under contract and in transit at the end of the calendar quarter; fill rate for the current quarter and projected fill rate for the next calendar quarter; average price of the petroleum products acquired during the calendar quarter; current and projected storage capacity and plans to accelerate the acquisition or construction of such capacity; analysis of existing or anticipated problems with the acquisition and storage of petroleum products, and future expansion of storage capacity; funds obligated by the Secretary from the SPR Petroleum Account and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account during the prior calendar quarter and in total; and major environmental actions completed, in progress, or anticipated.

Not Available

1993-08-15

274

Petroleum marketing monthly, March 1995  

SciTech Connect

This report for March 1995, provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly. A glossary is included.

NONE

1995-03-10

275

77 FR 12868 - Approval of International Marine Consultants, as a Commercial Gauger  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...is hereby given that, pursuant to 19 CFR 151.13, International Marine Consultants, 429 Padre Rufo St. Floral Park, Hato Rey, PR 00917, has been approved to gauge petroleum, petroleum products, organic chemicals and vegetable oils for customs...

2012-03-02

276

Petroleum production systems  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum production engineering attempts to maximize production in two connected systems, the reservoir and the artificial structures related to a well field. Determining whether it is economically feasible to drill a discovered source requires a familiarity with a variety of topics and theories. This book devotes the first six chapters to these concepts, including production from undersaturated oil reserves, production from two-phase reservoirs, production from natural gas reservoirs, skin effects, and gravel pack completions. The second part of the production engineer`s mission is maximization of output in the artificial structures, which include the well, bottomhole, and wellhead assemblies, and the surface gathering, separation, and storage facilities. This general system is discussed throughout the remainder of the book. Chapter topics include wellbore flow performance, forecast of well production, well test design and data acquisition, matrix acidizing, hydraulic fracturing for well simulation, gas lift, and systems analysis.

Economides, M.J.; Hill, A.D.; Ehlig-Economides, C.

1994-12-31

277

Petroleum fingerprinting: Effective identification of petroleum products at contaminated sites  

SciTech Connect

A critical issue in many environmental liability cases is the successful identification of the parties responsible for petroleum products that contaminate sites or properties. Identification of these parties is critical for owners of petroleum contaminated sites who are seeking to spread liability by identifying previous owners or operators of nearby properties who may be the source of, and thus be responsible for, the petroleum contamination at these sites. This issue is also critical for these potential defendants who will seek to demonstrate that the petroleum products associated with their activities could not be the source of the contamination in question. Finally, the issue is critical in situations where multiple responsible parties seek to equitably allocate among themselves shares of contamination and associated clean-up costs.

Uhler, A.D. [Battelle Labs., Duxbury, MA (United States)

1997-07-01

278

Petroleum marketing monthly, July 1993  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1993-07-15

279

Petroleum marketing monthly, February 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiner`s acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1994-02-25

280

Petroleum marketing monthly, January 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1994-02-01

281

Petroleum marketing monthly, November 1993  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed costs of imported crude oil, and the refiner`s acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1993-11-09

282

Petroleum marketing monthly, October 1993  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase prices, the f.o b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1993-10-07

283

Petroleum marketing monthly, August 1993  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1993-08-10

284

Petroleum marketing monthly, March 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, education institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiner`s acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1994-03-22

285

Petroleum marketing monthly, April 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1994-04-12

286

Petroleum marketing monthly, May 1993  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1993-05-27

287

Petroleum marketing monthly, December 1993  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oil and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1993-12-16

288

Petroleum marketing monthly, August 1990  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners' acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented. 12 figs., 49 tabs.

Not Available

1990-11-07

289

Alternative future environmental regulatory approaches for petroleum refineries.  

SciTech Connect

Recently, many industrial, regulatory, and community leaders have expressed concern that the current environmental regulatory structure disregards multimedia environmental impacts, provides few incentives to develop and use new technologies, and fails to consider site-specific conditions. For the US petroleum refining industry, faced with the need to produce higher-quality fuels from poorer-quality feedstocks, such criticisms are expected to increase. This article offers two alternative environmental regulatory approaches for existing petroleum refineries to use in the future. These alternative approaches are multimedia in scope, provide for new technology development and use, and allow flexibility in the means for meeting environmental goals. They have been reviewed and critiqued by various stakeholders, including industry representatives, regulators, and local and national community and environmental organizations. The integration of stakeholder comments and findings of ongoing national and international regulatory reinvention efforts in the development of these approaches positions them for potential use by other industries in addition to petroleum refineries.

Elcock, D.; Gasper, J.; Moses, D. O.; Emerson, D.; Arguerro, R.; Environmental Assessment; DOE; Analytical Services, Inc.

2000-01-01

290

Tiger Team Assessment of the Naval Petroleum Reserves in California  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the Tiger Team Assessment of the Naval Petroleum Reserves in California (NPRC) which consists of Naval Petroleum Reserve Number 1 (NPR-1), referred to as the Elk Hills oil field and Naval Petroleum Reserve Number 2 (NPR-2), referred to as the Buena Vista oil field, each located near Bakersfield, California. The Tiger Team Assessment was conducted from November 12 to December 13, 1991, under the auspices of DOE`s Office of Special Projects (OSP) under the Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health (EH). The assessment was comprehensive, encompassing environmental, safety, and health (ES&H), and quality assurance (OA) disciplines; site remediation; facilities management; and waste management operations. Compliance with applicable Federal, State of California, and local regulations; applicable DOE Orders; best management practices; and internal NPRC requirements was assessed. In addition, an evaluation of the adequacy and effectiveness of DOE/NPRC, CUSA, and BPOI management of the ES&H/QA programs was conducted.

Not Available

1991-12-01

291

Tiger Team Assessment of the Naval Petroleum Reserves in California  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the Tiger Team Assessment of the Naval Petroleum Reserves in California (NPRC) which consists of Naval Petroleum Reserve Number 1 (NPR-1), referred to as the Elk Hills oil field and Naval Petroleum Reserve Number 2 (NPR-2), referred to as the Buena Vista oil field, each located near Bakersfield, California. The Tiger Team Assessment was conducted from November 12 to December 13, 1991, under the auspices of DOE's Office of Special Projects (OSP) under the Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health (EH). The assessment was comprehensive, encompassing environmental, safety, and health (ES H), and quality assurance (OA) disciplines; site remediation; facilities management; and waste management operations. Compliance with applicable Federal, State of California, and local regulations; applicable DOE Orders; best management practices; and internal NPRC requirements was assessed. In addition, an evaluation of the adequacy and effectiveness of DOE/NPRC, CUSA, and BPOI management of the ES H/QA programs was conducted.

Not Available

1991-12-01

292

PETROLEUM PIPELINE LEAK DETECTION STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

This study reviews and analyzes the U.S. petroleum pipeline system, accidental spills, and spill prevention programs. It concludes that improved pipeline spill prevention measures are needed, because pipeline systems are aging, population densities near lines are increasing drama...

293

Glossary of the petroleum industry  

SciTech Connect

Over 15,000 terms commonly used in the petroleum industry are presented. The terms are listed in both Spanish and English, and in addition, the differing terms and jargon used in various South American dialects are translated. (JMT)

Not Available

1982-01-01

294

Petroleum and Natural Gas Outlook  

EIA Publications

A presentation to the National Association of State Energy Officials 2005 Energy Outlook Conference, in Washington, DC, on February 17, 2005, giving EIA's outlook for petroleum and natural gas supply, demand, and prices.

Information Center

2005-02-18

295

Non-puffing petroleum coke  

SciTech Connect

Very fine particle size chromic oxide is dispersed in a high sulfur petroleum coker feedstock before or during delayed coking to produce a needle coke with low cte and negligible puffing on heating to the temperature of graphitization.

Grindstaff, L.I.; Hsu, H.L.; Whittaker, M.P.

1982-01-26

296

Petroleum in the Marine Environment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Provides a comprehensive assessment of existing information in this crucial area of ocean research, indicating gaps in knowledge and suggesting directions for new investigation on the fates and effects of petroleum hydrocarbons (PHCs) in the oceans. Discu...

1975-01-01

297

Petroleum industry. 1997 activity report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This activity report from the direction of hydrocarbons of the French general direction of energy and raw materials (ministry of economy, finances and industry) presents an economic analysis of the activities of the French petroleum industry for 1997. Aft...

1998-01-01

298

Offshore Petroleum Discharge System (OPDS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In response to the requirement to provide large quantities of petroleum products for forces ashore, from tankers offshore without port facilities, the Naval Sea Systems Command has developed and demonstrated the Offshore Petroleum Discharge System (OPDS). OPDS is capable of delivering 1.2 million gallons of product per day from a tanker moored four miles offshore. The system is largely off-the-shelf

J. Exell

1987-01-01

299

Detection of the inferred interaction network in hepatocellular carcinoma from EHCO (Encyclopedia of Hepatocellular Carcinoma genes Online)  

PubMed Central

Background The significant advances in microarray and proteomics analyses have resulted in an exponential increase in potential new targets and have promised to shed light on the identification of disease markers and cellular pathways. We aim to collect and decipher the HCC-related genes at the systems level. Results Here, we build an integrative platform, the Encyclopedia of Hepatocellular Carcinoma genes Online, dubbed EHCO , to systematically collect, organize and compare the pileup of unsorted HCC-related studies by using natural language processing and softbots. Among the eight gene set collections, ranging across PubMed, SAGE, microarray, and proteomics data, there are 2,906 genes in total; however, more than 77% genes are only included once, suggesting that tremendous efforts need to be exerted to characterize the relationship between HCC and these genes. Of these HCC inventories, protein binding represents the largest proportion (~25%) from Gene Ontology analysis. In fact, many differentially expressed gene sets in EHCO could form interaction networks (e.g. HBV-associated HCC network) by using available human protein-protein interaction datasets. To further highlight the potential new targets in the inferred network from EHCO, we combine comparative genomics and interactomics approaches to analyze 120 evolutionary conserved and overexpressed genes in HCC. 47 out of 120 queries can form a highly interactive network with 18 queries serving as hubs. Conclusion This architectural map may represent the first step toward the attempt to decipher the hepatocarcinogenesis at the systems level. Targeting hubs and/or disruption of the network formation might reveal novel strategy for HCC treatment.

Hsu, Chun-Nan; Lai, Jin-Mei; Liu, Chia-Hung; Tseng, Huei-Hun; Lin, Chih-Yun; Lin, Kuan-Ting; Yeh, Hsu-Hua; Sung, Ting-Yi; Hsu, Wen-Lian; Su, Li-Jen; Lee, Sheng-An; Chen, Chang-Han; Lee, Gen-Cher; Lee, DT; Shiue, Yow-Ling; Yeh, Chang-Wei; Chang, Chao-Hui; Kao, Cheng-Yan; Huang, Chi-Ying F

2007-01-01

300

Boeing Petroleum Services, Inc. use of overtime at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) is responsible for purchasing and storing crude oil to mitigate the potential adverse impact of any future disruptions in crude oil imports. Boeing Petroleum Services, Inc. (BPS) operates the SPR under a US Department of Energy (DOE) management and operating contract. The objective of this audit was to determine whether BPS established and used controls to minimize the use of overtime. The audit disclosed that BPS had established procedures to minimize the use of overtime but did not enforce their use. BPS did not (1) provide timely and adequate written overtime justifications; (2) prepare adequate work schedules; (3) properly implement two employee work shifts; or (4) adhere to DOE overtime budget constraints. These conditions existed because BPS management (a) did not ensure that established procedures were followed and (b) was primarily concerned with ensuring that the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Project Management Office (SPRPMO) contract overtime premium ceiling was not exceeded, rather than minimizing the use of overtime. During the audit, the SPRPMO manager directed BPS to institute tighter overtime controls that should reduce overtime by an estimated $2.2 million annually. Our report identifies various corrective actions for strengthening internal controls and improving the controls over overtime. Management of the SPRPMO concurred fully with the finding, associated recommendations, and estimated monetary impact.

Not Available

1992-12-14

301

Real time monitoring of petroleum leakage detection using etched fiber Bragg grating  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Detection of petroleum leakages in pipelines and storage tanks is a very important as it may lead to significant pollution of the environment, accidental hazards, and also it is a very important fuel resource. Petroleum leakage detection sensor based on fiber optics was fabricated by etching the fiber Bragg grating (FBG) to a region where the total internal reflection is affected. The experiment shows that the reflected Bragg's wavelength and intensity goes to zero when etched FBG is in air and recovers Bragg's wavelength and intensity when it is comes in contact with petroleum or any external fluid. This acts as high sensitive, fast response fluid optical switch in liquid level sensing, petroleum leakage detection etc. In this paper we present our results on using this technique in petroleum leakage detection.

Shivananju, B. N.; Kiran, M.; Nithin, S. P.; Vidya, M. J.; Hegde, G. M.; Asokan, S.

2013-06-01

302

21 CFR 178.3530 - Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic. Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic, may be safely used...milliliters maximum. Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum...Method for Existent Gum in Fuels by Jet...

2010-01-01

303

10 CFR 490.804 - Eligible reductions in petroleum consumption.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Eligible reductions in petroleum consumption. 490.804 Section...490.804 Eligible reductions in petroleum consumption. (a) Motor vehicles. Demonstrated reductions in petroleum consumption during the...

2013-01-01

304

Allah's oil: Mideast petroleum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The discovery of oil and bringing in the first gusher in 1908 on Islamic lands are described. Oil seeps had been known in the Middle East since ancient times, but little use was made of them. Then the coming of the internal combustion engine made oil valuable, and Eruopean nations began to swarm into the area, probing for the precious

1977-01-01

305

Elderly Adi Women of Arunachal Pradesh: "Living Encyclopedias" and Cultural Refugia in Biodiversity Conservation of the Eastern Himalaya, India  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Elderly women of a particular socioecological system are considered to be "living encyclopedias" in biocultural knowledge systems. These women play a pivotal role in retaining and passing on biodiversity-related traditional knowledge to the next generations. Unfortunately the fast changing sociocultural values and the impact of modernity have rendered their knowledge somewhat less valuable and they are being treated as "cultural refugia." Our study on the importance of these women in the conservation of indigenous biodiversity was conducted in 14 randomly selected villages dominated by the Adi tribe of East Siang District, Arunachal Pradesh (northeast India). Data were collected from 531 women (381 elderly and 150 young to middle aged) during 2003-2008 using conventional social science methods and participatory rural appraisal. One innovative method, namely "recipe contest," was devised to mobilize Adi women of each village in order to energies them and explore their knowledge relating to traditional foods, ethnomedicines, and conservation of indigenous biodiversity. Results indicated that 55 plant species are being used by elderly Adi women in their food systems, while 34 plant species are integral parts of ethnomedicinal practices. These women identified different plant species found under multistory canopies of community forests. Elderly women were particularly skilled in preparing traditional foods including beverages and held significantly greater knowledge of indigenous plants than younger women. Lifelong experiences and cultural diversity were found to influence the significance of biodiversity use and conservation. The conservation of biodiversity occurs in three different habitats: jhum lands (shifting cultivation), Morang forest (community managed forests), and home gardens. The knowledge and practice of elderly women about habitats and multistory vegetations, regenerative techniques, selective harvesting, and cultivation practices contribute significantly to food and livelihood security while sustaining an array of threatened plant species. Basically, knowledge of elderly women on using biodiversity in food and medicinal systems was found in three categories namely: "individual," "community," and "refined." We identified a need to develop holistic policies to recognize and integrate knowledge and practices of elderly women with local level of planning on sustainable conservation of biodiversity as well as community-based adaptations.

Singh, Ranjay K.; Rallen, Orik; Padung, Egul

2013-09-01

306

Biological Remediation of Petroleum Contaminants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Large volumes of hazardous wastes are generated in the form of oily sludges and contaminated soils during crude oil transportation and processing. Although many physical, chemical and biological treatment technologies are available for petroleum contaminants petroleum contaminants in soil, biological methods have been considered the most cost-effective. Practical biological remediation methods typically involve direct use of the microbes naturally occurring in the contaminated environment and/or cultured indigenous or modified microorganisms. Environmental and nutritional factors, including the properties of the soil, the chemical structure of the hydrocarbon(s), oxygen, water, nutrient availability, pH, temperature, and contaminant bioavailability, can significantly affect the rate and the extent of hydrocarbon biodegradation hydrocarbon biodegradation by microorganisms in contaminated soils. This chapter concisely discusses the major aspects of bioremediation of petroleum contaminants.

Kuhad, Ramesh Chander; Gupta, Rishi

307

Petroleum 1996 - issues and trends  

SciTech Connect

Increasingly, users of the Energy Information Administration`s petroleum data and analytical reports have expressed an interest in a recurring report that takes a broad view of the petroleum sector. What is sought is some perspective on the complex interrelationships that comprise an industry and markets accounting for 40 percent of the energy consumed in the United States and ranging from the drilling rig in the oil field to the pump at the local gasoline station. This report comprehensively examines historical trends, and selectively focuses on major issues and the events they represent. It analyzes different dimensions of the industry and related markets in terms of how they relate to a common theme, in this case, the volatility in petroleum markets.

NONE

1997-09-01

308

21 CFR 172.882 - Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...petroleum hydrocarbons. Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons...100 milliliters maximum. Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum...Method for Existent Gum in Fuels by Jet Evaporation...prescribed limitations. (c) Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum...

2010-01-01

309

Petroleum marketing monthly, June 1993  

SciTech Connect

This publication is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1993-06-10

310

Practical Advances in Petroleum Processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"This comprehensive book by Robinson and Hsu will certainly become the standard text book for the oil refining business...[A] must read for all who are associated with oil refining." - Dr. Walter Fritsch, Senior Vice President Refining, OMV "This book covers a very advanced horizon of petroleum processing technology. For all refiners facing regional and global environmental concerns, and for those who seek a more sophisticated understanding of the refining of petroleum resources, this book has been long in coming." - Mr. Naomasa Kondo, Cosmo Oil Company, Ltd.

Hsu, Chang S.; Robinson, Paul R.

311

Petroleum Marketing Monthly, November 1985  

SciTech Connect

Information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products are included. The publication provides crude oil cost statistics and refined petroleum products sales statistics for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of important crude oil, and the refiners' acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, avaiation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1986-01-30

312

Petroleum marketing monthly, September 1993  

SciTech Connect

This document designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and for the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1993-09-14

313

Economic Profiles of Major Petroleum Consuming Countries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report prepared for the Office of Energy Emergency Management Information Systems (EEMIS) contains economic profiles for the ten largest petroleum consuming countries. The economic profiles emphasize petroleum consumption by sector and examine the im...

A. Hermelee M. Beller T. A. Smith

1981-01-01

314

Mohammedia Port Petroleum Expansion Project: Definitional Mission.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Moroccan Office of Port Operations (ODEP) requests that the US Trade and Development Program (TDP) provide a grant for a conceptual design study for constructing a second petroleum loading dock (Berth C dock) at the Mohammedia Port petroleum terminal....

L. Gillespie R. E. Gillespie W. McGee

1992-01-01

315

Petroleum supply annual 1995: Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The {ital Petroleum Supply Annual} contains information on supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. It reflects data collected from the petroleum industry during 1995 through monthly surveys, and it is divided into 2 volumes. This volume contains three sections: summary statistics, detailed statistics, and selected refinery statistics, each with final annual data. (The other volume contains final statistics for each month and replaces data previously published in the {ital Petroleum Supply Monthly}).

NONE

1996-05-01

316

Encyclopedia of Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A webpage for every organism on earth is the goal of this site, which was initially funded in 2007 by the MacArthur Foundation and the Sloan Foundation. To "learn how to navigate EOL, search for content, customize your experience, and explore pages..." visitors can start with the tab "Using the Site" at the top of the page. Here, there is a video tour on general "Navigation" of the site and instructions on how specifically to use the "Species Pages". Users can check out the FAQs section under the same tab for more help. Visitors can select the "Language" tab at the top of the page to view the site in English, Spanish, Russian, Ukranian, German, or French. In the "About EOL" tab on the far upper right hand side of the page, visitors can check out the "Content Partners" link about halfway down the menu. There are over two dozen partners and links to their websites listed, including the Nearctic Spider Database, Mushroom Observer, FishBase, and AntWeb.

317

Science Fair Projects Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This comprehensive reference is intended to be used by students in researching background information on science fair projects. They can enter a keyword (e.g. scientific method, molecule, cloud, carbohydrate etc.), or choose from the listed categories. Categories for the Earth sciences include geology, meteorology, oceanography, and seismology. These links lead to further information with all technical words linked to their definition. There are no specific ideas for projects at this site.

318

Encyclopedia of Jihad  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Western powers are the chief targets of a global Islamic jihad. Once believed to be a relic of history, the notion of Islamic jihad regained a political role in the 1980s. There are multiple meanings of the term jihad. While “great jihad” implies peaceful activity “small jihad” denotes the use of violence. There has never been a war in

Alexei Malashenko; Stephen R Bowers; Valeria Ciobanu

2001-01-01

319

Soil contamination: Dealing with petroleum spills  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soil is often contaminated when petroleum leaks out of storage tanks or is lost during loading and transfer operations. This article presents a brief review of the constituents found in the most common petroleum products, and discusses their toxicity and behavior in soil. It also reviews some analytical methods and state-mandated cleanup protocols for petroleum-contaminated soil. Such information is needed

S. K. Stokman; B. J. Sogorka

1997-01-01

320

Sources of petroleum hydrocarbons in urban runoff  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an effort to provide a better understanding of the sources of petroleum hydrocarbons in urban runoff, petroleum products as well as probable source materials were analyzed for hydrocarbons and trace metals and then compared to urban runoff samples from four different land use areas. The petroleum products considered were No. 2 and No. 6 fuel oils, used and virgin

James S. Latimer; Eva J. Hoffman; Gerald Hoffman; James L. Fasching; James G. Quinn

1990-01-01

321

Installation restoration program. Closure assessment report for UST removals at sites 4 and 5 - petroleum, oils, and lubricants facility. Virginia Air National Guard, 192nd Fighter Group, Richmond International Airport, Sandston, Virginia. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of the closure assessment were to determine the extent of contaminated soil adjacent to the USTs requiring excavation, to provide documentation of soil and groundwater conditions following excavation, and to document closure activities in accordance with applicable VADEQ regulations. During closure activities, ASI provided technical support to the Base to ensure that the UST removal contractor (E K, Inc.) hereinafter referred to as the Contractor was in compliance with the technical requirements (as specified in the Plans and Specifications for Removal of Abandoned Underground Storage Tanks, Virginia Air National Guard, Richmond International Airport, Sandston, VA., dated July 1991 and revised April 1992, and Addendum Numbers 1 through 7) of the contract. ASI was also responsible for collecting soil and/or groundwater closure samples from the excavations, and providing off-site fixed based laboratory analysis to verify clean conditions within the excavations.

NONE

1996-11-01

322

Strategic petroleum reserve annual report  

SciTech Connect

Section 165 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (Public Law 94- 163), as amended, requires the Secretary of Energy to submit annual reports to the President and the Congress on activities of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). This report describes activities for the year ending December 31, 1995.

NONE

1996-02-15

323

Process for utilizing petroleum residuum  

Microsoft Academic Search

A petroleum refinery vacuum residuum stream is subjected to hydrogen donor diluent cracking, and the liquid cracking effluent is hydrodesulfurized. The hydrodesulfurizer effluent is then fractionated, and the fractionator bottoms stream is fed to a delayed coker where premium type delayed coke is produced. The gas oil boiling range fraction from the fractionator is utilized as the donor diluent in

McConaghy; J. R. Jr

1979-01-01

324

Biotechnology of petroleum pollutant biodegradation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Procedures designed to meet the physiological needs of petroleum hydrocarbon (PHC) degrading microorganisms are useful in mitigating environmental damage caused by marine and terrestrial PHC spills. By similar approaches, soil can be utilized as a cost-effective biological incinerator for hazardous PHC wastes. Physiological ecology needs to complement genetic engineering efforts for an effective attack on environmental pollution problems.

Richard Bartha

1986-01-01

325

1988 worldwide petroleum software directory  

SciTech Connect

This book is a softbound guide to about 1,800 computer software programs for petroleum applications, ranging from accounting and risk analysis to exploration and well log interpretations. Provides alphabetical listings of owners, distributors, and companies. Program index has 80 application categories.

Not Available

1987-01-01

326

Perspectives of Norwegian petroleum resources.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In order to relate the remaining Norwegian petroleum resources to a time perspective one has to make assumptions of the future production of oil and gas. If there is assumed an average annual oil production of 80 million tons (the average the last 5 years...

A. N. Nystad

1993-01-01

327

Effects of Natural Petroleum Seeps.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper summarizes what has been learned about how petroleum affects biological processes in the oceans. Unless otherwise indicated, all references are to seeps near Coal Oil Point in the Santa Barbara channel. Also, to make this summary as timely as p...

R. B. Spies

1981-01-01

328

Measurement of liquified petroleum gas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Propane, iso-butane, and normal butane commonly referred to as Liquified Petroleum Gases or LPG's are used as heating and transportation fuels, feed-stocks for petrochemical plants, gasoline additives, and aerosol propellents. These liquids are commonly stored in high pressure vessels, underground caverns, or salt domes. Pipelines, trucks, and rail cars are used for transporting these fluids. LPG's must conform to industry

Vehe

1984-01-01

329

Coke from coal and petroleum  

DOEpatents

A carbonaceous coke is manufactured by the delayed coking of a slurry mixture of from about 10 to about 30 weight percent of caking or non-caking coal and the remainder a petroleum resid blended at below 50.degree. C.

Wynne, Jr., Francis E. (Allison Park, PA); Lopez, Jaime (Pittsburgh, PA); Zaborowsky, Edward J. (Harwick, PA)

1981-01-01

330

PETROLEUM BIOREFINING FOR POLLUTION PREVENTION  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project was to isolate and characterize thermophilic bacterial cultures that can be used for the selective removal of nitrogen, sulfur, and/or metals in the biorefining of petroleum. The project was completed on schedule and no major difficulties were encountered. Significant progress was made on multiple topics relevant to the development of a petroleum biorefining process capable of operating at thermophilic temperatures. New cultures capable of selectively cleaving C-N or C-S bonds in molecules relevant to petroleum were obtained, and the genes encoding the enzymes for these unique biochemical reactions were cloned and sequenced. Genetic tools were developed that enable the use of Thermus thermophilus as a host to express any gene of interest, and information was obtained regarding the optimum conditions for the growth of T. thermophilus. The development of a practical biorefining process still requires further research and the future research needs identified in this project include the development of new enzymes and pathways for the selective cleavage of C-N or C-S bonds that have higher specific activities, increased substrate range, and are capable of functioning at thermophilic temperatures. Additionally, there is a need for process engineering research to determine the maximum yield of biomass and cloned gene products that can be obtained in fed-batch cultures using T. thermophilus, and to determine the best configuration for a process employing biocatalysts to treat petroleum.

John J. Kilbane II

2002-03-01

331

Petroleum effects in the Arctic  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book presents papers on the environmental and biological effects of oil spills. Topics considered include the Arctic marine ecosystem, the physical and chemical fate of spilled oil, the effects of hydrocarbons on microorganisms and petroleum biodegradation in arctic ecosystems, the effects of oil on arctic invertebrates, the effects of oil on fish, a risk assessment of oil on arctic

Engelhardt

1985-01-01

332

Petroleum characterization by perfluorocarbon tracers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perfluorocarbon tracers (PFTs), a class of six compounds, were used to help characterize the Shallow Oil Zone (SOZ) reservoir at the Naval Petroleum Reserve in California (NPRC) at Elk Hills. The SOZ reservoir is undergoing a pilot gas injection program to assess the technical feasibility and economic viability of injecting gas into the SOZ for improved oil recovery. PFTs were

G. I. Senum; R. W. Fajer; B. R. Jr. Harris; W. E. DeRose; W. L. Ottaviani

1992-01-01

333

Petroleum supply monthly, October 1991. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

Data presented in this report describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in Primary Supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importer, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data are divided into two sections (1) the Summary Statistics and (2) the Detailed Statistics 14 figs., 56 tabs.

Not Available

1991-10-30

334

Market-oriented petroleum industry as a prerequisite to Russian economic security. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

The Russian petroleum industry is facing a critical juncture where expedient reform is necessary immediately. The main focus of this thesis is to account for the primary barriers which hamper the free flow of former Soviet petroleum into international markets and to suggest alternatives to current Russian energy policy. A secondary objective is to scrutinize the United States` foreign policy with respect to the possibility of influencing the augmentation of world petroleum supplies. Preliminary indications suggest that confidence-building measures have been slowly introduced by the Yeltsin administration, but the positive effects have not yet been felt by the petroleum industry. International investment within the Russian petroleum industry has been sluggish at best. Transnational oil companies continue to be reluctant to invest in Russia and the former Soviet Union due to political and economic uncertainty and the high risk of capital loss. The future of the Russian petroleum industry appears promising provided the major barriers (e.g., tax codes, presidential decrees, pipeline construction and maintenance, and capital investment) are directly confronted and not circumvented for political leverage or corrupt economic gains.

Yegge, G.P.

1995-12-01

335

Alaskan North Slope petroleum systems  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Six North Slope petroleum systems are identified, described, and mapped using oil-to-oil and oil-to-source rock correlations, pods of active source rock, and overburden rock packages. To map these systems, we assumed that: a) petroleum source rocks contain 3.2 wt. % organic carbon (TOC); b) immature oil-prone source rocks have hydrogen indices (HI) >300 (mg HC/gm TOC); c) the top and bottom of the petroleum (oil plus gas) window occur at vitrinite reflectance values of 0.6 and 1.0% Ro, respectively; and d) most hydrocarbons are expelled within the petroleum window. The six petroleum systems we have identified and mapped are: a) a southern system involving the Kuna-Lisburne source rock unit that was active during the Late Jurassic and Early Cretaceous; b) two western systems involving source rock in the Kingak-Blankenship, and GRZ-lower Torok source rock units that were active during the Albian; and c) three eastern systems involving the Shublik-Otuk, Hue Shale and Canning source rock units that were active during the Cenozoic. The GRZ-lower Torok in the west is correlative with the Hue Shale to the east. Four overburden rock packages controlled the time of expulsion and gross geometry of migration paths: a) a southern package of Early Cretaceous and older rocks structurally-thickened by early Brooks Range thrusting; b) a western package of Early Cretaceous rocks that filled the western part of the foreland basin; c) an eastern package of Late Cretaceous and Paleogene rocks that filled the eastern part of the foreland basin; and d) an offshore deltaic package of Neogene rocks deposited by the Colville, Canning, and Mackenzie rivers. This petroleum system poster is part of a series of Northern Alaska posters on modeling. The poster in this session by Saltus and Bird present gridded maps for the greater Northern Alaskan onshore and offshore that are used in the 3D modeling poster by Lampe and others. Posters on source rock units are by Keller and Bird as well as Peters and others. Sandstone and shale compaction properties used in sedimentary basin modeling are covered in a poster by Rowan and others. The results of this modeling exercise will be used in our next Northern Alaska oil and gas resource assessment.

Magoon, L. B.; Lillis, P. G.; Bird, K. J.; Lampe, C.; Peters, K. E.

2003-01-01

336

Petroleum geology of Arabian Peninsula  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum activities in the Arabian Peninsula show new trends in the 1980s. Petroleum exploration is intensified and huge discoveries are anticipated. A giant Jurassic gas field along the coast of the Arabian Gulf discovered recently tops 150 tcf, the largest single reserve ever. Other giant oil fields in the area are undergoing expansion in development and productivity. Today, the Peninsula, with a total area that surpasses one million square miles, produces and exports more oil and gas and has greater reserves than any other area in the world. The excellent reservoir rocks are located in the Jurassic and Cretaceous formations between the Arabian Shield and the Tethyan Seaway. They represent porous and permeable marine cyclical beds sealed by impervious shales and anhydrites. Reservoir sedimentology was affected by 2 orogenies during late Cretaceous and Pliocene time portrayed by the Cratonic area to the southwest and the orthogeosynclinal area to the northeast. The eastern part was little deformed by these movements.

Billo, S.M.

1982-05-01

337

Understanding selection bias, time-lags and measurement bias in secondary data sources: Putting the Encyclopedia of Associations database in broader context.  

PubMed

Secondary data gathered for purposes other than research play an important role in the social sciences. A recent data release has made an important source of publicly available data on associational interests, the Encyclopedia of Associations (EA), readily accessible to scholars (www.policyagendas.org). In this paper we introduce these new data and systematically investigate issues of lag between events and subsequent reporting in the EA, as these have important but under-appreciated effects on time-series statistical models. We further analyze the accuracy and coverage of the database in numerous ways. Our study serves as a guide to potential users of this database, but we also reflect upon a number of issues that should concern all researchers who use secondary data such as newspaper records, IRS reports and FBI Uniform Crime Reports. PMID:24090865

Bevan, Shaun; Baumgartner, Frank R; Johnson, Erik W; McCarthy, John D

2013-08-22

338

Diamond Molecules Found in Petroleum  

Microsoft Academic Search

We recently reported [1,2] the discovery and isolation of new members of the hydrogen-terminated diamond series, ?1 to ?2 nm sized higher diamondoids from petroleum. Crystallographic studies [1,2] revealed a wealth of diamond molecules that are nanometer-sized rods, helices, discs, pyramids, etc. Highly rigid, well-defined, readily derivatizable structures make them valuable molecular building blocks for nanotechnology. We now produce certain

R. M. K. Carlson; J. E. P. Dahl; S. G. Liu; M. M. Olmstead; P. R. Buerki; R. Gat

339

Overview of African petroleum systems  

SciTech Connect

Bordered by two large, still spreading oceans and subjected to tensional forces for more than 200 million years, continental Africa has now reached its largest surface expression ever. With a total sedimentary area of 15 million sq km distributed in about 80 basins, Africa possesses and produces circa 10% of the world's oil and 7% of the gas. More than 95% of these hydrocarbons are concentrated in seven petroleum provinces, ruled by three great petroleum systems that in turn are tightly controlled and determined by the geodynamic characteristics of the basins. From a stratigraphic standpoint, these three petroleum systems belong to three geological time periods: Silurian, Cretaceous, and Oligo-Miocene. Generally the Silurian system occurs in Saharan sag basins, the Cretaceous-Eocene systems in a continental rift complex of western and equatorial Africa, and the Cenozoic in two deltaic basins. The Upper Paleozoic and Jurassic, so rich in other continents, here play but a very minor part. The paper describes the Silurian system, the Cretaceous-Eocene system, and the Tertiary system.

Perrodon, A. (Petroconsultants SA, Geneva (Switzerland))

1993-07-12

340

Pennsylvania's contribution to petroleum geology  

SciTech Connect

John F. Carll of the Second Geological Survey of Pennsylvania laid the foundations of both petroleum geology and reservoir engineering. J. P. Lesley, director of the Second Survey, had introduced structure contours when he was working in the anthracite fields. He pointed out that the great oil fields of Pennsylvania were in the only part of the state where there were no anticlines. I. C. White, another geologist with the Second Survey, emphasized the anticlinal theory adopted as a method of prospecting until the discovery of the Cushing field in Oklahoma in 1912. George Ashley, state geologist of Pennsylvanian in the 1930s and 1940s, said that after the gas companies had drilled all the anticlines there would still be the synclines. David White in 1915 noticed the relation between the metamorphosis (rank) of coal and the occurrence of oil and gas. This method (vitrinite reflectance) is now widely applied in the evaluation of basins. In the late 1930s, the resurvey of the Pennsylvania oil regions showed that the reservoirs were shoreline sands, probably barrier islands. In the 1950s the AAPG recommended a study of the recent sediments of the Mississippi delta by Scripps Institute of Oceanography. The ability to recognize depositional environments has caused a revolution in petroleum geology, and recently has been recognized by petroleum engineers as the key to reservoir characterization.

Dickey, P.A.

1989-09-01

341

International resources law  

SciTech Connect

This book covers: Historical origins of civil code legal systems; Modern civil law practice for mineral lawyers; Treaties and agreements for protection of international investments; Europe 1992-toward a single energy market; Dispute resolution in international agreements; Assessment of political risk; Reducing political risk; Protecting mineral investments from upheaval in developing countries; Typical world petroleum arrangements; government take in the Pacific Rim - Papua New Guinea; Mineral base of the USSR and prospects of investment; International taxation for the mining practitioner; Tax considerations - branch versus subsidiary; Doing business in the host country - nontax considerations; Impact of host-country laws on operations and profits; Mineral development and native rights - New Zealand; Designing the investment vehicle: mining; International oil and gas joint ventures; Selected U.S. laws with extraterritorial effect; U.S. tax and securities laws applied to foreign joint venturers; and Extraterritorial effect of U.S. laws.

Not Available

1991-01-01

342

15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 754 - Petroleum and Petroleum Products  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...00.2000 Kerosene derived from petroleum, shale oil, natural gas, or combinations thereof (except motor fuel...00.2500 Naphthas derived from petroleum, shale oil, natural gas, or combinations thereof (except motor...

2013-01-01

343

Silicones: unique chemicals for petroleum processing  

SciTech Connect

Silicones are specialty chemicals that are often critical in certain production operations. Their primary use in petroleum applications is as foam control agents. The physical and chemical properties of silicones are described, and foam and antifoam theory is discussed. State-of-the-art silicone use in selected key petroleum applications is outlined. The unique properties of silicones that should be considered by petroleum engineers in solving problems in other types of applications are emphasized.

Pape, P.G.

1983-06-01

344

Strategic Petroleum Reserve annual/quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

During 1992 the Department continued planning activities for the expansion of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve to one billion barrels. A draft Environmental Impact Statement for the five candidate sites was completed in October 1992, and a series of public hearings was held during December 1992. Conceptual design engineering activities, life cycle cost estimates and geotechnical studies to support the technical requirements for an Strategic Petroleum Reserve Plan Amendment were essentially completed in December 1992. At the end of 1992, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil inventory was 574.7 million barrels and an additional 1.7 million barrels was in transit to the Reserve. During 1992 approximately 6.2 million barrels of crude oil were acquired for the Reserve. A Department of Energy Tiger Team Environmental, Safety and Health (ES&H) Assessment was conducted at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve from March 9 through April 10, 1992. In general, the Tiger Team found that Strategic Petroleum Reserve activities do not pose undue environmental, safety or health risks. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve`s Final Corrective Action Plan, prepared in response to the Tiger Team assessment, was submitted for Department approval in December 1992. On November 18, 1992, the Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy selected DynMcDennott Petroleum Operations Company to provide management and operating services for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve for a period of 5 years commencing April 1, 1993. DynMcDermott will succeed Boeing Petroleum Services, Inc.

Not Available

1993-02-16

345

Petroleum supply annual, 1997. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA) contains information on the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. The publication reflects data that were collected from the petroleum industry during 1997 through annual and monthly surveys. The PSA is divided into two volumes. This first volume contains three sections: Summary Statistics, Detailed Statistics, and Refinery Statistics; each with final annual data. The second volume contains final statistics for each month of 1997, and replaces data previously published in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM). The tables in Volumes 1 and 2 are similarly numbered to facilitate comparison between them. 16 figs., 48 tabs.

NONE

1998-06-01

346

Petroleum supply annual 1993. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA) contains information on the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. The publication reflects data that were collected from the petroleum industry during 1993 through annual and monthly surveys. The PSA is divided into two volumes. This first volume contains four sections: Summary Statistics, Detailed Statistics, Refinery Capacity, and Oxygenate Capacity each with final annual data. The second volume contains final statistics for each month of 1993, and replaces data previously published in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM). The tables in Volumes 1 and 2 are similarly numbered to facilitate comparison between them. Below is a description of each section in Volume 1 of the PSA.

Not Available

1994-06-01

347

Regulation of phase transitions in petroleum feedstocks  

SciTech Connect

The authors investigated the ability of a petroleum feedstock (system) to change in its dispersity when acted upon from within (by the introduction of a modifier) and from without (by changing the intensity of energy supply). As petroleum feedstocks they used atmospheric resids from an aromatic-base Tyumen' crude and from paraffinic/naphthenic-base Sangachaly-More crude; as modifiers they used extracts obtained in solvent treating lube stocks from these same crudes. The studies were performed by the equilibrium temperature method, these temperatures being determined while mixing samples of petroleum feedstock after thermostating, and also by a procedure in which the petroleum feedstock was heated under forced convection conditions.

Antoshkin, A.S.; Glagoleva, O.F.; Pigunov, B.V.

1987-05-01

348

Petroleum geology of the state of Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report describes the potential petroleum resources of Washington State as recently summarized in the 1995 U.S. Geological Survey National Assessment of Oil and Gas Resources. Eight conventional petroleum plays, three coal-bed gas plays, and two continuous-type gas plays are defined and characterized. Of these plays, the potential for significant petroleum accumulations appears greatest in the Columbia Plateau region of eastern Washington. Potential accumulations in western Washington are smaller but could have local economic significance. The absence of high-quality petroleum source rocks is probably the most important factor limiting development of large accumulations.

Johnson, Samuel Y.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Lingley, William S.; Law, Ben E.

1997-01-01

349

Petroleum effects in the Arctic environment  

SciTech Connect

This book reviews research on the physical and ecological effects of petroleum in the arctic environment. An overview of the arctic marine environment is presented that covers the special problems of ice and low temperature from an ecological perspective and discusses their influence on the fate of spilled oil. A survey is given of experimental data on the effects of petroleum on arctic biota. Microbes and biodegradation potential and the effects of petroleum on all types of animals, from invertebrates to marine mammals, are discussed. Finally, the book treats the indirect effects of petroleum on native human inhabitants and the impact of oil on renewable animal resources.

Engelhardt, F.R.

1985-01-01

350

Structures, performances and strategies of international oil companies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

International oil companies are among most important actors of petroleum markets. Industrial firms of big size, the oil companies operate in number of activities and through many countries. Across important changes and more and more uncertainty, the oil c...

D. Perruchet

1993-01-01

351

Hexacyclic monoaromatic hydrocarbons of petroleum  

SciTech Connect

This paper is concerned with a new group of petroleum compounds: hexacyclic C/sub 32/-C/sub 35/ hydrocarbons--alkylbenzotrisnorhopanes, which contain an aromatic ring. Investigations have shown these hydrocarbons to be closely related structurally and, apparently, genetically to hydrocarbons of hopane series. They are often present in the highest concentrations in crude oils with relatively high concentrations of C/sub 32/ and higher hopanes. The authors found two such crude oils: the Tertiary crude oil of Shakarlyk (Central Asia) and a Devonian crude oil of Ostashkovich deposit. These hydrocarbons were identified in a number of other crude oils at lower concentrations.

Ostroukhov, S.B.; Aref'yev, O.A.; Petrov, Al.A.

1983-01-01

352

Standard test method for density, relative density (specific gravity), or API gravity of crude petroleum and liquid petroleum products by hydrometer method  

SciTech Connect

This method covers the laboratory determination, using a glass hydrometer, of the density, relative density (specific gravity), of API gravity of crude petroleum, petroleum products, or mixtures of petroleum and nonpetroleum products normally handled as liquids, and having a Reid vapor pressure (Method D 323, or IP 69) of 26 lb or less. Values are measured on a hydrometer at convenient temperatures, reading of density being reduced to 15/sup 0/C, and readings of relative density (specific gravity) and API gravity to 60/sup 0/F, by means of international standard tables. By means of these same tables, values determined in any one of the three systems of measurement are convertible to equivalent values in either of the other two so that measurements may be made in the units of local convenience.

Not Available

1980-01-01

353

Tiger Team Assessment of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the Tiger Team Assessment of the Strategic Petroleum Reserves (SPR) located in Louisiana and Texas, which consists of a project management office in New Orleans, a marine terminal located on the Mississippi River in Louisiana, and five crude oil storage sites in Louisiana and Texas. SPR is operated by Boeing Petroleum Services, Inc. for the US Department of Energy (DOE). DOE's Office of Fossil Energy (FE) is the responsible program organization and the Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve Project Management Office (SPRPMO) in Louisiana provides local oversight. The Tiger Team Assessment was conducted from March 9 to April 10, 1992, under the auspices of DOE's Office of Special Projects (OSP) under the Office of Environment, Safety and Health (EH). The assessment was comprehensive, encompassing environmental, safety, and health (ES H), and quality assurance (QA) disciplines; site remediation; facilities management; and waste management operations. Compliance with applicable Federal, States of Louisiana and Texas, and local regulations; applicable DOE Orders; best management practices; and internal SPR requirements was assessed. In addition, an evaluation of the adequacy and effectiveness of SPRPMO and BPS management of the ES H/QA and self-assessment programs was conducted. 6 fig., 22 tab.

Not Available

1992-04-01

354

Tiger Team Assessment of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the Tiger Team Assessment of the Strategic Petroleum Reserves (SPR) located in Louisiana and Texas, which consists of a project management office in New Orleans, a marine terminal located on the Mississippi River in Louisiana, and five crude oil storage sites in Louisiana and Texas. SPR is operated by Boeing Petroleum Services, Inc. for the US Department of Energy (DOE). DOE`s Office of Fossil Energy (FE) is the responsible program organization and the Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve Project Management Office (SPRPMO) in Louisiana provides local oversight. The Tiger Team Assessment was conducted from March 9 to April 10, 1992, under the auspices of DOE`s Office of Special Projects (OSP) under the Office of Environment, Safety and Health (EH). The assessment was comprehensive, encompassing environmental, safety, and health (ES&H), and quality assurance (QA) disciplines; site remediation; facilities management; and waste management operations. Compliance with applicable Federal, States of Louisiana and Texas, and local regulations; applicable DOE Orders; best management practices; and internal SPR requirements was assessed. In addition, an evaluation of the adequacy and effectiveness of SPRPMO and BPS management of the ES&H/QA and self-assessment programs was conducted. 6 fig., 22 tab.

Not Available

1992-04-01

355

Petroleum Marketing Monthly, April 1995, with data for January 1995  

SciTech Connect

International crude oil prices rose moderately in January 1995, under the combined influences of lower production and higher demand. Crude oil output both from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and from non-OPEC nations declined from December levels due to a variety of causes, including severe weather in the North Sea and a platform explosion offshore Nigeria. At the same time, strong demand, especially from Asia, revised buying patterns and tightened markets worldwide. In the United States, reformulated gasoline (RFG) remained the dominant market influence, with the official start of the program at the retail level on January 1. Repercussions from the {open_quotes}opting out{close_quotes} of counties in Pennsylvania, New York, and Maine in December continued to disrupt supply patterns and confuse markets. Gasoline prices spiked at mid-month, but ended near where they began, while distillate prices declined due to warm weather and high inventories. A sharp seasonal decline in motor gasoline volumes led total refiner sales of the major petroleum products down 5.9 percent from December levels. January market and sales activity for crude oil and the principal petroleum products is summarized in the following sections.

NONE

1995-04-01

356

Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Issues Regarding the Inclusion of Refined Petroleum Products as Part of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The possibility of storing refined petroleum products as part of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) has been contemplated since the SPR was created in 1975. The SPR, which currently holds about 700 million barrels of crude oil, was created to help insu...

F. Rusco

2009-01-01

357

The Role of Turkey Within Petroleum Between the Caspian Sea Basin and the Middle East  

Microsoft Academic Search

Petroleum plays a very important role in foreign policies and their international relations of Caspian and Middle East countries. The Middle East itself produces 32% of the world's oil, but even more impressive is they have 64% of the total proven oil reserves in the world. Turkey is at the crossroads of Europe and several volatile, strategically, and economically important

A. Demirbas

2010-01-01

358

Petroleum Supply Monthly, November 2004, with Data for September 2004.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four petroleum supply publications produced by the Petroleum Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other pu...

2004-01-01

359

Petroleum Supply Monthly, September 2005, with Data for July 2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four petroleum supply publications produced by the Petroleum Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other pu...

2005-01-01

360

21 CFR 178.3720 - Petroleum wax, synthetic.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Petroleum wax, synthetic. 178.3720 Section 178...Adjuvants and Production Aids § 178.3720 Petroleum wax, synthetic. Synthetic petroleum wax may be safely used in applications...

2013-04-01

361

40 CFR 52.1931 - Petroleum storage tank controls.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Petroleum storage tank controls. 52.1931...CONTINUED) Oklahoma § 52.1931 Petroleum storage tank controls. (a) Notwithstanding...the Oklahoma implementation plan, the petroleum storage tanks listed in...

2013-07-01

362

21 CFR 573.740 - Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. 573.740 Section 573...Additive Listing § 573.740 Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons complying with §...

2013-04-01

363

Petroleum Marketing Monthly. January 2012 with Data for October 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, gov...

2012-01-01

364

Petroleum Supply Monthly, January 2011 with Data for November 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is the monthly component of a series of three publications produced by the Petroleum Division of the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The other two components are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR) and the...

2011-01-01

365

Petroleum Marketing Monthly, January 2013 with Data for October 2012.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, gov...

2013-01-01

366

Petroleum marketing monthly, February 1999 with data for November 1998.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, gov...

1999-01-01

367

Petroleum Marketing Monthly, February 2000 with Data for November 1999.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, gov...

2000-01-01

368

Petroleum marketing monthly, June 1995 with data for March 1995.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, gov...

1995-01-01

369

Petroleum Marketing Monthly. With Data for February 2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, gov...

2000-01-01

370

Petroleum marketing monthly: August 1998, with data for May 1998.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, gov...

1998-01-01

371

Security Exercise Readiness Program for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

SciTech Connect

The Security Exercise Readiness Program or SERP, is a series of response-oriented exercises designed to evaluate the readiness of the protection force at DOE's Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). International Energy Associates Limited (IEAL) developed SERP in 1984 for Wells Fargo Guard Services (WFGS), the SPR protective services contractor. The purpose of this paper is to describe the systems methodology used to develop SERP, the structure of the program, and the computer-based information system that tracks and analyzes the exercise results.

Crane, F.L.

1985-01-01

372

Proceedings of the European petroleum computer conference  

SciTech Connect

This book covers the European Petroleum Computer Conferences. Topics covered include: Implementation of parallel processors for the petroleum industry; Use of computers for reservoirs and well drilling, and well operation procedures; Multi-phase flow measurements; Expert knowledge systems; and Artificial intelligence applications.

Not Available

1992-01-01

373

Invariance in the isoheptanes of petroleum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four isoheptanes in petroleum display a remarkable invariance in a ratio of sums of concentrations. The isoheptanes are not at thermodynamic equilibrium, nor are they fixed to some constant composition. The four isomers display coherent change in relative amounts but maintain invariance in the ratio of sums. Within sets of genetically related petroleum samples, invariance reaches levels that approach the

F. D. MANGO

1987-01-01

374

DEASPHALTATION OF PETROLEUM USING SUPERCRITICAL PROPANE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Petroleum is a mixture of components, most of them is hydrocarbon, in the gas and liquid states. In the way that it is found in the nature, it has few applications, so it must be separated in fractions to increase its energetic potential. In a classic refining system, there are some steps of the petroleum processing and the solvent deasphalting

Marisa F. Mendes; Carla Z. Ferreira; Fernando L. P. Pessoa

375

Risk assessment of petroleum prospects in Kansas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Probabilistic techniques have been employed for many years to evaluate petroleum prospects and to forecast the likely outcomes of drilling ventures. These methods are used most widely by major oil companies in high-cost and (high-risk) offshore, foreign, and frontier areas but can be beneficial for evaluating more modest prospects in mature petroleum provinces such as Kansas. Probabilities can be estimated

1991-01-01

376

The petroleum refining industry and environmental pollution  

Microsoft Academic Search

The petroleum refining industry has a significant influence on the total pollution of the environment by industrial discharges and wastes. In the operation of petroleum refineries, the atmosphere is polluted with hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, and other toxic substances. The principal pollutants are sulfur dioxide and hydrocarbons. The fresh water used by refineries in product

Ya. G. Sorkin

1975-01-01

377

Chromatographic distillation in petroleum product quality control  

Microsoft Academic Search

The extreme differences in the distillation temperatures of petroleum products are responsible for the existence of several standard methods for determining the distillation curves. In this paper, the feasibility was demonstrated of determining these curves on various petroleum products by chromatographic distillation, using the same procedure and the same apparatus in all cases. Mixtures were separated in a capillary column

G. G. Kholostova; G. S. Shimonaev; M. O. Burova

1988-01-01

378

Basic petroleum geology, 2nd ed. , revised  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book contains revised and updated material, including approximately 200 additional illustrations and an extensive glossary of terms. A valuable reference for geology students and petroleum professionals, the text presents fundamental concepts of geology in terms of sedimentary deposition, petroleum occurrence, exploration, and recovery. This book contains information on geologic time, historical geology and stratigraphy; Minerals and rocks; Weathering erosion,

Link

1990-01-01

379

Explosive fracturing and propping of petroleum wells  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method is described of stimulating the flow of petroleum fluids in a well. Explosive fracturing of the petroleum formation adjacent to the well is carried out in the presence of a propping agent, such as glass beads, sand or aluminum particles. The propping agent-explosive combination is preferably surrounded by granular ammonium nitrate explosive to insure the absence of voids

Lozanski

1973-01-01

380

Silicones: unique chemicals of petroleum processing  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the nature of silicones and the physical and chemical properties which make them unique. The relationship of these properties to present and potential applications in the petroleum industry are discussed. Specific emphasis is on their use as foam control agents in petroleum processes. 22 refs.

Pape, P.G.

1981-01-01

381

Upper Paleozoic petroleum system, Ordos Basin, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Ordos Basin is a typical lapped basin, including three sequences of strata: early Paleozoic, late Paleozoic and Mesozoic, with a total thickness of 4000–6000m. Impermeable sealing beds are well developed at the top and base of the upper Paleozoic sequence, separating it from the Mesozoic and the lower Paleozoic strata to form an independent petroleum system. In this petroleum

X. M. Xiao; B. Q. Zhao; Z. L. Thu; Z. G. Song; R. W. T. Wilkins

2005-01-01

382

International energy annual 1997  

SciTech Connect

The International Energy Annual presents an overview of key international energy trends for production, consumption, imports, and exports of primary energy commodities in over 220 countries, dependencies, and areas of special sovereignty. Also included are population and gross domestic product data, as well as prices for crude oil and petroleum products in selected countries. Renewable energy reported in the International Energy Annual includes hydroelectric power and geothermal, solar, and wind electric power. Also included are biomass electric power for Brazil and the US, and biomass, geothermal, and solar energy produced in the US and not used for electricity generation. This report is published to keep the public and other interested parties fully informed of primary energy supplies on a global basis. The data presented have been largely derived from published sources. The data have been converted to units of measurement and thermal values (Appendices E and F) familiar to the American public. 93 tabs.

NONE

1999-04-01

383

Petroleum marketing monthly with data for April 1995  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data on the Petroleum Marketing Monthly. Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly in five sections: Summary statistics; crude oil prices; prices of petroleum products; volumes of petroleum products; and prime supplier sales volumes of petroleum products for local consumption.

NONE

1995-07-05

384

Petroleum marketing monthly, June 1995 with data for March 1995  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly. Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly in five sections: Summary Statistics Crude Oil Prices; Prices of Petroleum Products; Volumes of Petroleum Products; and Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products for Local Consumption.

NONE

1995-06-16

385

International energy annual, 1993  

SciTech Connect

This document presents an overview of key international energy trends for production, consumption, imports, and exports of primary energy commodities in over 200 countries, dependencies, and areas of special sovereignty. Also included are population and gross domestic product data, as well as prices for crude oil and petroleum products in selected countries. Renewable energy includes hydroelectric, geothermal, solar and wind electric power and alcohol for fuel. The data were largely derived from published sources and reports from US Embassy personnel in foreign posts. EIA also used data from reputable secondary sources, industry reports, etc.

NONE

1995-05-08

386

Geological models of petroleum entrapment  

SciTech Connect

Assessing petroleum potential of a sedimentary basin requires an in depth knowledge of the relative timings of seven geological factors: source rock, hydrocarbon generation and maturation, primary migration, secondary migration, trap, reservoir rock, and cap or sealing rock. The main theme of this book is to estimate the relative timings of these events through simple geological modelling. The methods discussed in the book use graphs, charts and some simple mathematics. Assuming limited availability of data, Dr. Magara distinguishes static and dynamic elements and attempts to integrate evidence and inference fundamental to the practical exploration for oil and gas. His essential prediction is that even with limited data, or where, by definition, the record no longer exists, marginal predictive capability is superior to no prediction at all.

Magara, K.

1986-01-01

387

Superfund: Insuring underground petroleum tanks  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Protection Agency has estimated that hundreds of thousands of underground petroleum tanks in the United States have corroded and leaked causing groundwater contamination, fires, or explosions. The price tag for the growing problem could range in the billions. EPA published proposed regulations requiring all tank owners and operators to maintain evidence of financial responsibility of which insurance is a primary method. However, tank insurance is limited because many insurers remain unwilling to enter this market. Expectation is that risks associated with tanks will decrease and the insurance situation will improve. But until that time, unless methods other than insurance become more available, circumstances warrant changes in EPA's timetable for implementing proposed regulations covering (1) financial responsibility requirements and (2) tank upgrading and replacement.

Not Available

1988-01-01

388

Process for producing a petroleum wax composition  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a process for producing a wax composition. It comprises: vacuum distilling a petroleum feed to prepare a 650 distillate heavy intermediate petroleum wax, having a melting point range of from about 155{degrees}F. to about 185{degrees}F., subjecting the heavy intermediate petroleum wax to furfural/duosol solvent extraction, dissolving and crystallizing the heavy intermediate petroleum wax from a methyl ethyl ketone/toluene mixed solvent, dissolving and recrystallizing the heavy intermediate petroleum wax from a methyl ethyl ketone/toluene mixed solvent, percolating the recrystallized heavy intermediate petroleum wax in the molten state through a clay bed; and blending the recrystallized heavy intermediate petroleum wax from about 50 weight percent to about 90 weight percent with from about 10 weight percent to about 30 weight percent of a polymeric compound selected from the group consisting of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer, ethylene-ethyl acrylate copolymer, polypropylene and mixtures there of and having a molecular weight of from about 2,000 to about 100,000 and a melt index of from about 1 to about 250{degrees} at 375{degrees}F.

Jones, R.L.

1991-04-23

389

Petroleum Marketing Monthly, January 1991. [Contains Glossary  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners' acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented. 12 figs., 55 tabs.

Not Available

1991-01-09

390

Geology for petroleum exploration, drilling and production  

SciTech Connect

This book provides a non-technical introduction to the subject of oil. The author guides the readers in logical sequence: How oil and gas form and accumulate; how to explore for oil; and how to drill and complete a well and produce the petroleum. The contents are: The earth's crust; identification of common rocks and minerals; weathering, erosion, and unconformities; deformation; geologic time; sandstone reservoirs; limestone reservoirs; subsurface fluids; sedimentary rock patterns; surface and subsurface maps; ocean environment - plate tectonics; hydrocarbons source rocks, generation, migration and accumulation; well logs, traps; petroleum exploration; drilling a well; completing a well; and petroleum production.

Hyne, N.J.

1984-01-01

391

Petroleum supply annual 1998: Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The ``Petroleum Supply Annual`` (PSA) contains information on the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. The publication reflects data that were collected from the petroleum industry during 1998 through annual and monthly surveys. The PSA is divided into two volumes. This first volume contains three sections: Summary Statistics, Detailed Statistics, and Refinery Statistics; each with final annual data. The second volume contains final statistics for each month of 1998, and replaces data previously published in the PSA. The tables in Volumes 1 and 2 are similarly numbered to facilitate comparison between them. 16 figs., 59 tabs.

NONE

1999-06-01

392

Petroleum marketing monthly, November 1991. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners' acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented. 12 figs., 53 tabs.

Not Available

1991-11-07

393

Petroleum marketing monthly, May 1993. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners' acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1993-05-27

394

Petroleum and Health Care: Evaluating and Managing Health Care's Vulnerability to Petroleum Supply Shifts  

PubMed Central

Petroleum is used widely in health care—primarily as a transport fuel and feedstock for pharmaceuticals, plastics, and medical supplies—and few substitutes for it are available. This dependence theoretically makes health care vulnerable to petroleum supply shifts, but this vulnerability has not been empirically assessed. We quantify key aspects of petroleum use in health care and explore historical associations between petroleum supply shocks and health care prices. These analyses confirm that petroleum products are intrinsic to modern health care and that petroleum supply shifts can affect health care prices. In anticipation of future supply contractions lasting longer than previous shifts and potentially disrupting health care delivery, we propose an adaptive management approach and outline its application to the example of emergency medical services.

Bednarz, Daniel; Bae, Jaeyong; Pierce, Jessica

2011-01-01

395

Bioremediation of Petroleum Hydrocarbon Contaminated Sites.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Bioremediation has been widely applied in the restoration of petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated. Parameters that may affect the rate and efficiency of biodegradation include temperature, moisture, salinity, nutrient availability, microbial species, and ty...

P. Fallgren

2009-01-01

396

Fate of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Beach Sand.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The fate of the petroleum hydrocarbons from Chevron bunker fuel has been studied in natural beaches, sand-containing lysimeters, and laboratory experiments. The importance of various physical, chemical and biological processes for the dispersal and degrad...

1972-01-01

397

Fate of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Bleach Sand.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The fate of the petroleum hydrocarbons from Chevron bunker fuel has been studied in natural beaches, sand-containing lysimeters, and laboratory experiments. The importance of various physical, chemical and biological processes for the dispersal and degrad...

H. E. Guard A. Cobet

1972-01-01

398

31 CFR 561.319 - Petroleum products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...processing of crude oil (including lease condensate), natural gas, and other hydrocarbon compounds. The term does not include natural gas, liquefied natural gas, biofuels, methanol, and other non-petroleum...

2013-07-01

399

Petroleum supply annual 1996: Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA) contains information on the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. The publication reflects data that were collected from the petroleum industry during 1996 through monthly surveys. The PSA is divided into two volumes. The first volume contains three sections: Summary Statistics, Detailed Statistics, and Refinery Capacity; each with final annual data. The second volume contains final statistics for each month of 1996, and replaces data previously published in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM). The tables in Volumes 1 and 2 are similarly numbered to facilitate comparison between them. Explanatory Notes, located at the end of this publication, present information describing data collection, sources, estimation methodology, data quality control procedures, modifications to reporting requirements and interpretation of tables. Industry terminology and product definitions are listed alphabetically in the Glossary. 35 tabs.

NONE

1997-06-01

400

Petroleum supply annual 1995: Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA) contains information on the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. The publication reflects data that were collected from the petroleum industry during 1995 through monthly surveys. The PSA is divided into two volumes. This first volume contains three sections: Summary Statistics, Detailed Statistics, and selected Refinery Statistics each with final annual data. The second volume contains final statistics for each month of 1995, and replaces data previously published in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM). The tables in Volumes 1 and 2 are similarly numbered to facilitate comparison between them. Explanatory Notes, located at the end of this publication, present information describing data collection, sources, estimation methodology, data quality control procedures, modifications to reporting requirements and interpretation of tables. Industry terminology and product definitions are listed alphabetically in the Glossary.

NONE

1996-06-01

401

SYSTEMS CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF PETROLEUM POLLUTANTS  

EPA Science Inventory

The application of an established mathematical treatment useful for the characterization and identification of petroleum pollutants is described. Using discriminant analysis of relevant infrared spectrophotometric data, 99% of numerous known and unknown oil samples have been corr...

402

Profitability analysis of upstream petroleum projects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report discusses theoretical and practical aspects of valuation of exploration and development ventures in the upstream petroleum industry. The report starts with a discussion of the methodology for valuation and risk assessment. The next sections de...

K. Ingeberg E. Magnus

1993-01-01

403

Report to the Congress: Regional Petroleum Reserves.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report will address actions taken to determine the benefits and costs of establishing in-region Regional Petroleum Reserves (RPR's) and the extent to which existing analyses reflect DOE's current assessments of US and world supply/demand conditions, ...

1982-01-01

404

Petroleum Market Module (Volume 1), Model Documentation  

EIA Publications

Model Documentation Volume I - Defines the objectives of the Petroleum Market Model (PMM), describes its basic approach, and provides detail on how it works. This report is intended as a reference document for model analysts, users, and the public.

William Brown

2013-01-14

405

Petroleum Market Module (Volume 2), Model Documentation  

EIA Publications

Model Documentation Volume II - Defines the objectives of the Petroleum Market Model (PMM), describes its basic approach, and provides detail on how it works. This report is intended as a reference document for model analysts, users, and the public.

William Brown

2013-01-14

406

Sorption of petroleum products by carbon sorbents  

SciTech Connect

A comparative study of the adsorption of petroleum products by micro- and macroporous carbon sorbents was performed. For this purpose, four carbon sorbent samples prepared from various raw materials by various processing techniques were used. The following raw materials were used: (1) fuel mill from the Mezinoskoe deposit; (2) wood waste, shaving and sawdust in ratio (%) of 50:50; and (3) low-caking gas coal of the 2G group from the mine im.Kirova in the Kuznetsk Basin. The pore structures and adsorption capacities of these sorbents for petroleum products were studied. It was found that the adsorption of petroleum products on porous and nonporous carbon sorbents occurred in different manners. In this case, macroporous sorbents with a weakly developed structure of sorbing micro- and mesopores exhibited a maximum capacity for petroleum products.

M.A. Perederii; Y.I. Kurakov; I.N. Malikov; S.V. Molchanov [Institute for Fossil Fuels, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2009-07-01

407

Petroleum Systems in the Austral Basin  

SciTech Connect

The aggressive exploration activities pursued over the past five years, both onshore and offshore, have contributed to increase our knowledge about how the Petroleum Systems functioned within the basin. Three main Petroleum Systems were identified, and referred to as Jurassic, Lower Cretaceous and Aptian-Tertiary Petroleum Systems. The Jurassic P.S. is restricted to the volcanic, volcaniclastic and clastic sequences (known as Tobifera Series) related to the opening of the South Atlantic Ocean. Lacustrine to marine black shales give good source rock, locally developed; oil and gas, poorly developed, was trapped in fluvial to littoral sandstones, related to the same sedimentary cycle. The Lower Cretaceous P.S. represents the main petroleum system of the Austral Basin, and it is related to the main oil and gas accumulations today known within the basin. The lateral relation between the marine source rocks (Palermo Aike, Inoceramus Inferior, Pampa Rincon Formations) and the continental to littoral Springhill Formation in a transgressive signature indicates the extent of the migration from the oil kitchen, in the present deep location of the basin, to the shallow eastern flank of the Austral Basin. The cumulative production and reserves of this efficient petroleum system are more than 400 MM of petroleum and gas equivalent. The Aptian-Tertiary P.S. is related to the Margas Verdes source rock that has fed younger reservoirs which have developed since the Upper Cretaceous (?)-Palaeocene and could also feed Upper Oligocene sandstones, associated with low-stand system tracts. Commercial accumulations were tested in Campo Boleadoras and Maria Ines fields, towards the deepest zones of the Austral Basin. This petroleum system will figure prominently in exploration activities over the coming years, specifically in those areas where the main petroleum system is not laterally efficient.

Robbiano, J.; Arbe, H. [Total Austral, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

1996-08-01

408

Associativity of Petroleum–Containing Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of high–frequency and magnetic fields on the associative nature of petroleum–containing systems was examined. Data were obtained on the change in the supramolecular structure and mobility of the petroleum part of the stratum while preserving the crystal system of the crystalline part under a high–frequency effect. The associative character of the physical and chemical reactions between the ingredients

B. N. Ivanov; A. R. Sadykov; V. S. Minkin; Kh. E. Kharlampidi

2004-01-01

409

Indonesian petroleum systems and exploration efficiency  

SciTech Connect

The Republic of Indonesia has over 40 productive petroleum systems and more than 100 speculative petroleum systems. Since the first oil discoveries in the 1880's, cumulative discovered ultimately recoverable petroleum resources in Indonesia have reached 50 billion barrels of oil equivalent. There are eight principal producing areas and nearly 1,000 oil and gas fields. Most of these resources have been found in the last 50 years. Successful exploration continues; at least two discoveries per year are made which exceed 50 million barrels of oil equivalent reserves. Productive petroleum system source types are split almost equally between marine and deltaic-lacustrine facies. The majority of source rocks are Tertiary in age; Mesozoic source rocks are restricted to Eastern Indonesia. Discovery process analysis indicates generally high exploration efficiency in Indonesia. An upwardly convex discovery process curve typifies many systems, reflecting both exploration efficiency and maturity; this pattern is well displayed in areas such as Central Sumatra and Salawati. A much more random or straight line process curve, as seen in West Natuna, occurs where more complex petroleum systems have inhibited exploration efficiency. An inverted, or concave upward curve, seen in some Java petroleum systems, is probably economically driven, related to development of domestic Indonesian gas markets. Several curves, such as those for the North Sumatra:Bampo-Peutu and East Kalimantan:Tanjung systems are dominated by single fields. Different exploration phases can be recognized in many systems, each phase having its own specific exploration statistics.

Howes, J.V.C.; Tisnawijaya, S. (Atlantic Richfield Indonesia, Inc., Jakarta (Indonesia))

1996-01-01

410

Pennsylvania's contribution to petroleum geology  

SciTech Connect

The petroleum industry began on August 27, 1859, with the drilling of the Drake well at Titusville, Pennsylvania. The well was located on an oil seep. Since then, most of the great oil provinces of the world have been located on or downdip from seeps. The next prospecting method was to note the orientation of productive trends, still universally used. The anticlinal theory was proposed in 1861, but not of the great Pennsylvania oil fields is on anticlines, so their importance was not generally recognized in the industry until the discovery of Cushing, Oklahoma, in 1912. John F. Carll, the oil geologist of the Pennsylvania Geological Survey between 1874 and 1888, introduced the techniques of logging samples, correlating strip logs, and drawing structure contours. He recognized that the oil came from porous sands, probably laid down nearshore. He recognized that gas was dissolved in the oil and understood water drive. In the 1920s, and 1930s, researchers at Penn State and at Gulf in Pittsburgh took cores, defined porosity, permeability, and relative permeability, and laid the foundations of reservoir behavior. The University of Pittsburgh started the first oil and gas curriculum in 1912.

Dickey, P.A.

1991-03-01

411

Petroleum geology of east Siberia  

SciTech Connect

Two oil-gas provinces are present in East Siberia: the Lena-Tunguska in the central, southern, and western parts, and the Khatanga-Viluy along the northern and eastern margins. The provinces developed as rift-sag features in late Proterozoic and Paleozoic time. The identified oil and gas deposits of the Lena-Tunguska province appear to be associated with a Proterozoic rift that extends east-northeast across the southern part of the basin. These deposits are in upper Proterozoic and Cambrian sandstones and carbonate rocks, sealed by Cambrian salt and argillites. The oil and gas deposits of the Khatanga-Vilyuy province are within foreland downwarps that developed in connection with docking of crustal plates during the Mesozoic: during the Triassic on the north and during the Cretaceous on the east. The source of the petroleum in the immature rocks of the southeastern Lena-Tunguska province is uncertain, perhaps being derived from rocks in a downwarp to the south or from source beds that are now beneath a conjectured thrust sheet. This province has both oil and gas pools, but is gas prone in general. The source beds for the Khatanga-Vilyuy province are Permian and Mesozoic in age; the province is gas prone. More than 40 oil and gas fields have now been discovered in East Siberia.

Clarke, J.W. (Geological Survey, Reston, VA (United States))

1991-03-01

412

Technical Analysis of the International Oil Market.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study of the international oil market includes the changing structure of the industry, the worldwide surplus in refinery capacity and tankers, and the role of the spot market and movement of petroleum products between regions. The study shows there h...

1978-01-01

413

Radon effective dose from TENORM waste associated with petroleum industries.  

PubMed

Technically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive material (TENORM) associated with petroleum industries can be accumulated with elevated quantities and therefore can threat the workers through external and internal exposure. Measurements of radon-related parameters give information about the radioactivity levels in the TENORM waste using the well-established correlation. Also, it is useful to calculate the internal exposure due to radon inhalation in terms of effective radon dose. Among radon-related parameters, areal exhalation rate is the most suitable for characterising land and objects with only upper surface contamination in the case of petroleum waste. The TENORM in this study is collected from waste storage areas located near oilfields at south Sinai governorate, Egypt. The average values of exhalation rates as measured by Lucas cell based on delay count method are 273 +/- 144 and 38 +/- 8 Bq m(-2) h(-1) for scale and sludge, respectively. Whereas, two count method gives results with 18 and 20 % lower values for scale and sludge, respectively with good correlation coefficient of 0.999 and 0.852, respectively. Sealed cup fitted with CR-39 gives results compatible with Lucas cell with minor deviation in case of scale due to its thoron content. The results of CR-39 are qualified by taking into consideration the correction for back diffusion effect. The effective radon dose was calculated for different simulated radioactive waste storage areas with different contaminated areas and air ventilation rate. Minimising the contaminated areas and building up efficient ventilation systems can reduce the internal exposure even in the case of RWSA-containing TENORM with elevated radioactivity. PMID:19706722

Abo-Elmagd, M; Soliman, H A; Daif, Manal M

2009-08-25

414

Petroleum product scarcity: a review of the supply and distribution of petroleum products in Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nigeria ranks high among the comity of oil producers both at the world level and among the OPEC eleven. It is, therefore, paradoxical that the supply of all petroleum products is erratic and has declined sharply in the recent past. This paper thus reviews the petroleum product supply and distribution systems in the country to ascertain the extent to which

Osi S. Akpoghomeh; Dele Badejo

2006-01-01

415

Petroleum and the Environment: Teaching about Petroleum and the Future of Energy Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students live in a world that is powered by petroleum and other energy resources to an unsurpassed degree. The United States today consumes more than 24% of all the energy used in the world--and about 60% of this energy is provided by petroleum (oil and natural gas). The availability of abundant, inexpensive energy is the main reason that the…

Hudson, Travis; Camphire, Geoffrey

2005-01-01

416

31 CFR 538.210 - Prohibited transactions relating to petroleum and petrochemical industries.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Prohibited transactions relating to petroleum and petrochemical industries. 538... Prohibited transactions relating to petroleum and petrochemical industries. ...United States persons relating to the petroleum or petrochemical industries in...

2013-07-01

417

Petroleum marketing monthly, January 1999 with data for October 1998  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly in five sections: summary statistics; crude oil prices; prices of petroleum products; volumes of petroleum products; and prime supplier sales volumes of petroleum products for local consumption. 7 figs., 50 tabs.

NONE

1999-01-01

418

Petroleum marketing monthly, June 1999, with data for March 1999  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly in five sections: Initial Estimates; Summary Statistics; Crude Oil Prices; Prices of Petroleum Products; Volumes of Petroleum Products; and Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products for Local Consumption. 7 figs., 50 tabs.

NONE

1999-06-01

419

Petroleum marketing monthly, December 1998 with data for September 1998  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly in five sections: summary statistics; crude oil prices; prices of petroleum products; volumes of petroleum products; and prime supplier sales volumes of petroleum products for local consumption. 7 figs., 50 tabs.

NONE

1998-12-01

420

Petroleum marketing monthly, May 1999, with data for February 1999  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly in five sections: Initial Estimates; Summary Statistics; Crude Oil Prices; Prices of Petroleum Products; Volumes of Petroleum Products; and Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products for Local Consumption. 7 figs., 50 tabs.

NONE

1999-05-01

421

Petroleum marketing monthly, July 1999, with data for April 1999  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly in five sections: initial estimates; summary statistics; crude oil prices; prices of petroleum products; volumes of petroleum products; and prime supplier sales volumes of petroleum products for local consumption. 7 figs., 70 tabs.

NONE

1999-07-01

422

Petroleum marketing monthly, March 1999 with data for December 1998  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly in five sections: summary statistics; crude oil prices; prices of petroleum products; volumes of petroleum products; and prime supplier sales volumes of petroleum products for local consumption. 7 figs., 50 tabs.

NONE

1999-03-01

423

Petroleum marketing monthly, February 1999 with data for November 1998  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. Monthly statistics on purchases of crude oil and sales of petroleum products are presented in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly in six sections: Initial Estimates; Summary Statistics; Crude Oil Prices; Prices of Petroleum Products; Volumes of Petroleum Products; and Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products for Local Consumption. 7 figs., 50 tabs.

NONE

1999-02-01

424

Petroleum geology of southwestern Ohio  

SciTech Connect

Approximately 250 wells have been drilled in the 22-county area comprising southwestern Ohio. Despite numerous shows from various zones, no sustained commercial production has been established. Live oil and gas shows have been reported from surface exposures of outcropping Silurian carbonates down to, and including, the Cambrian Mount Simon Sandstone. Several wells have been completed and actually produced hydrocarbons for a short period, but were subsequently abandoned. Despite the lack of established production, the area holds considerable promise as a potential oil and natural gas producing region. Gravity, magnetics, seismic, surface and source rock geochemistry, linear trace analysis, and subsurface computer mapping have all been used to study the structure, stratigraphy, and petroleum geology of the area. Basement geology is complex and has affected sedimentation patterns in the overlying Cambrian rocks. The Grenville-Central Province contact is present in the area and exhibits faulting, mineralization, and possibly plutonism. The Cambrian and Ordovician stratigraphy in the area is relatively simple, with clastics at the base, carbonates in the middle, and a thick shale capping the sequence. Several major facies changes are evident within the section. Structural geology is also fairly simple. However, local discontinuities are apparent and include Precambrian doming and faulting, reactivated faulting, and Knox unconformable surfaces. Potential reservoirs in the area include the Utica Shale, Trenton Limestone, St. Peter Sandstone, Rose Run sandstone, Knox dolomites, Kerbel sandstone, Eau Claire Sandstone, and Mount Simon Sandstone. Favorable source rock geochemistry and the abundance of hydrocarbon shows suggest favorable source rocks to be present. Many different types of traps have been observed.

Sitler, G.

1987-09-01

425

Petroleum geology of East Siberia  

SciTech Connect

The unmetamorphosed geologic section of the East Siberian region consists of upper Proterozoic clastic and carbonate sediments; Cambrian evaporites, carbonates, and black shales; Ordovician to permian clastic and carbonate sediments; Triassic basaltic flows and intrusives; and Jurassic and Cretaceous clastic sediments. During the Cambrian, a barrier reef extended across the region. Salt and anhydrite were deposited in the vast lagoon to the southwest behind this reef. The structure is typical of platforms; broad, gentle warps are complicated by smaller highs. The total area of East Siberia that is potentially favorable for oil and gas is 3.23 million km/sup 2/ (1.24 million mi/sup 2/). Deposits in the Lena-Tunguska province are in stratigraphic traps in Proterozoic to Cambrian clastic and carbonate sediments sealed by Cambrian salt and in anticlinal structures in areas of salt tectonics. Source beds seem to be Proterozoic. Pools in the Khatanga-Vilyuy province are in anticlines in Triassic, Jurassic, and Cretaceous clastic sedimentary rocks. Source beds are Permian carbonaceous shale. Most discoveries have been of gas; however, several fields have oil rings. The traps appear to have been filled by oil at one time. Undiscovered recoverable petroleum resources of East Siberia are assessed, at 90% probability, within the range of 2.2-14.6 billion bbl of oil and 72-278 tcf of gas. Mean estimates are 7.3 billion bbl of oil and 158 tcf of gas, respectively. Gas-hydrate deposits in the Lena-Vilyuy province, where permafrost is more than 400 m thick, are estimated to contain 27 tcf of possibly recoverable gas.

Clarke, J.W.

1986-05-01

426

1989 Annual environmental report for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

SciTech Connect

This report, provided annually, summarizes monitoring data collected to assess Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) impacts on the environment. The report serves as a management tool for mitigating such impacts, thus serving the public interest by ensuring environmentally sound operation of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). Included is a description of each site's environment, an overview of the SPR environmental program, and a recapitulation of special environmental activities and events associated with each SPR site during 1989. The active permits and the results of the environmental monitoring program (i.e., air, surface water, groundwater, and waste discharges) are discussed by site. The quality assurance program is presented which includes results from laboratory and field audits and studies performed internally and by regulatory agencies. In general, no significant adverse environmental impact resulted from SPR activities during 1989, except for a brine release from a pipeline perforation south of the Bryan Mound site adversely affecting a small area of marsh vegetation which is recovering at this time. 22 refs., 15 figs., 17 tabs.

Not Available

1990-06-01

427

Petroleum supply monthly, with data from June 1996  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Division (PSD) of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) collects and published information on petroleum supply and disposition in the United States. The information is collected through a series of surveys that make up the Petroleum Supply Reporting System (PSRS). The PSRS data are published in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM), and Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). This report presents information on crude oil production, crude oil imports and exports, refinery operations, natural gas processing, transportation, and oxygenate data.

NONE

1996-08-01

428

Petroleum supply monthly with data for June 1997  

SciTech Connect

Data presented in this publication describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United states and major U.S. geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the U.S. The report includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. Both summary and detailed statistics are presented. 16 figs., 56 tabs.

NONE

1997-08-01

429

Petroleum supply annual 1996: Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA) contains information on the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. The publication reflects data that were collected from the petroleum industry during 1996 through annual and monthly surveys. The PSA is divided into two volumes. This first volume contains three sections: Summary Statistics, Detailed Statistics, and Refinery Capacity; each with final annual data. The summary statistics section show 16 years of data depicting the balance between supply, disposition and ending stocks for various commodities including crude oil, motor gasoline, distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, jet fuel propane/propylene, and liquefied petroleum gases. The detailed statistics section provide 1996 detailed statistics on supply and disposition, refinery operations, imports and exports, stocks, and transportation of crude oil and petroleum products. The refinery capacity contain listings of refineries and associated crude oil distillation and downstream capacities by State, as of January 1, 1997, as well as summaries of corporate refinery capacities and refinery storage capacities. In addition, refinery receipts of crude oil by method of transportation for 1996 are provided. Also included are fuels consumed at refineries, and lists of shutdowns, sales, reactivations, and mergers during 1995 and 1996. 16 figs., 59 tabs.

NONE

1997-06-01

430

Pretreatment of milk thistle seed to increase the silymarin yield: an alternative to petroleum ether defatting.  

PubMed

Milk thistle (Silybum marianum L.) seed meal is extracted for the flavonolignans, silychristin, silydianin, silybinin A, silybinin B, isosilybinin A and isosilybinin B, which are collectively known as the silymarin complex. To obtain the flavonolignans, the meal is usually treated with successive washes of petroleum ether to remove the lipids, followed by extraction of the flavonolignans with ethanol. This work examines the possible replacement of petroleum ether and ethanol by water or other aqueous solutions in these processes. To replace petroleum ether, pretreatments with 1.2% NaOH (w/w), 1.5% H2SO4 (w/w), 2% NaHCO3 (w/w), 0.14% cellulase and water were investigated. Of these pretreatments, 1.5% H2SO4 and water produced similar flavonolignan yields as petroleum ether. Results established that pretreating the milk thistle seed meal with 1.5% H2SO4 (w/w) at 50 degrees C for 18 h could replace the petroleum ether pretreatment. In addition, it was shown that similar amounts of flavonolignan could be recovered with a 1.5% H2SO4/water (100 degrees C) extraction as with a petroleum ether/ethanol extraction. Although cellulase pretreatment was not examined extensively, significant advances in cellulase effectiveness and cost have occurred in the past few years by companies such as Genencor International and Novozymes. These advances should help to make enzyme use for cellulose conversion, as well as extraction pretreatment, technically and economically feasible. PMID:17624768

Subramaniam, Senthil; Vaughn, Katherine; Carrier, Danielle Julie; Clausen, Edgar C

2007-07-10

431

Assessment of petroleum saving and greenhouse gas emission reduction from two-wheeler segment: 2011–2021  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study considers possible annual petroleum saving and greenhouse gas emission reductions in India from the two-wheeler segment in the next decade. A survey was conducted in Coimbatore, India to estimate the average daily kilometers travelled and the distribution of travel ranges by “two-wheelers”. Forecasting suggest that a 37% reduction in carbon dioxide could be made by replacing all internal

Shaik Amjad; R. Rudramoorthy; S. Neelakrishnan

2011-01-01

432

PREPARATION OF NORTHERN MID-CONTINENT PETROLEUM ATLAS  

SciTech Connect

Report covers the fifth year of the Digital Petroleum Atlas (DPA) Project. To the present day, the DPA remains a long-term effort to develop new methodologies for efficient and timely access to the latest petroleum data and technology for the domestic oil and gas industry, research organizations and local governmental units. The DPA is an evolving approach to generating and publishing petroleum reservoir, field, play and basin studies. Atlas products are integrated with the Kansas Geological Survey web site and are available for every field in Kansas (6,395 fields in Kansas), anywhere in the world using a standard point-and-click world-wide-web interface (http://www.kgs.ku.edu/PRS/petroIndex.html). In order to provide efficient transfer of the technology for client-defined solutions, all information and technology in the DPA can be accessed, manipulated and downloaded. The DPA increases and improves online access from data through to ''final publication''. Until recently the petroleum atlas circulated like all scholarly information, through personal exchanges, subscriptions, and libraries. Today, digital scientific information is becoming the norm. The result--a dramatic increase in the international and disciplinary scope of information exchange in the petroleum industry. Digital communication has made traditional collaborative activity more informal, intimate, instantaneous, and continuous. At the present the DPA provides worldwide access to constantly increasing data and interpreted information. For example, data from each of over 300,000 oil and gas wells in Kansas are being accessed online for projects in locations from Chanute, Kansas, to Houston, Texas, to Berlin, Germany. Programs developed through the DPA provide oil and gas operators and the public tools to make exploration and development decisions using production data, interpreted well logs, and real-time mapped petroleum information. The DPA provides online access to digital versions of published bulletins, maps, and reports. Through the DPA, we provide online tools that permit colleagues and customers to better query, interpret, map, and display the latest information and research results in earth science databases that could be scattered anywhere in the world. These ''published'' products are living, created on demand, customized to best address a specific natural resource question, and access data that is continuously updated and improved. The DPA has significantly altered the relationship between research results, data access, the transfer of technology, and our relationship with our clients. The fifth year of the project moved forward to expand the development and integration of relational databases into the DPA. The result is that most of the pages in the DPA are generated on demand using online clients. Previously completed products, such as field and basin studies, are automatically updated with the latest production and well data. Raster images such has completion reports are scanned and uploaded into relational databases and can be used for efficient construction of larger scale studies. Content of the DPA has increased to cover every field in Kansas. The DPA Project continues to provide improved access to a ''published'' product and ongoing technology transfer activity. The DPA is widely used by oil and gas producers and other groups interested in natural resources.

Lee C. Gerhard; Timothy R. Carr

2005-03-28

433

Pipeline coatings performance field experience of an operating petroleum company  

SciTech Connect

The technico-economic optimization of pipeline coatings is a permanent concern for petroleum companies. From this point of view, laboratory comparative tests are very useful but cannot replace the experience acquired in the field. The performances of various kinds of coatings used to protect buried pipelines and offshore pipelines and risers are presented through case histories experienced by the authors' company. Bituminous enamels, tapes and heat shrinkable sleeves, polyethylene, fusion bonded epoxy, polyamide, polymer cement compounds, glassfiber reinforced epoxy and rubbers are the coating families considered. For each of them, the general behaviour and any failures or problems encountered are reviewed. This summary covers the coating operations, the pipeline installation and the pipeline service life. The opinion of the author's company concerning current choices and future trends for pipeline coating selection is given in relationship with laying and operating conditions. As a complement, the question of internal coatings of pipelines is raised in the paper.

Roche, M.; Samaran, J.P.

1987-01-01

434

Unconventional petroleum: a current awareness bulletin  

SciTech Connect

The summaries in this bulletin cover both secondary and tertiary recovery of petroleum and the following topics under Oil Shales and Tar Sands: reserves and exploration; site geology and hydrology; drilling, fracturing, and mining; oil production, recovery, and refining; properties and composition; direct uses and by-products; health and safety; marketing and economics; waste research and management; environmental aspects; and regulations. These summaries and older citations to information on petroleum, oil shales, and tar sands back to the 1960's are available for on-line searching and retrieval on the Energy Data Base using the DOE/RECON system or commercial on-line retrieval systems. Retrospective searches can be made on any aspect of petroleum, oil shales, or tar sands, or customized profiles can be developed to provide current information for each user's needs.

Grissom, M.C. (ed.)

1983-10-30

435

Economics and regulation of petroleum futures markets  

SciTech Connect

Because the futures market in petroleum products is a relatively recent phenomenon, the implications of public policies formulated for that market have not yet been fully explored. To provide the Office of Competition of the Department of Energy (DOE) with sufficient information to assess policy alternatives, Resource Planning Associates, Inc. (RPA) was asked to analyze the development of the futures market in No. 2 oil, assess the potential for futures markets in other petroleum products, and identify policy alternatives available to DOE. To perform this analysis, the criteria for a viable futures market was established first. Then, the experience to date with the 18-month-old futures market in No. 2 oil was examined, and the potential for viable futures markets in No. 6 oil, gasoline, jet fuel, and crude oil was assessed. Finally, how existing DOE regulations and prospective actions might affect petroleum futures market development was investigated.

Not Available

1980-08-01

436

Petroleum systems, resources of Southeast Asia, Australasia  

SciTech Connect

The Southeast Asia-Australasia region has over 100 productive petroleum systems ranging in age from the Paleozoic to the Pliocene. Plate tectonics have played a fundamental role in controlling the distribution and character of the region`s petroleum systems. There is a clear division between those systems on the Eurasian plate and those on the Indo-Australian plate. The distribution of significant oil and gas resources is highly concentrated in just a few chrono-stratigraphic units. Early Tertiary Paleogene source rocks account for over 50% of the region`s in-place petroleum resources. This article summarizes the region`s systems and resources, and compares and contrasts some of their essential elements in Southeast Asia and Australasia. With average production of 3.2 million b/d of oil and 18 bscfd of gas, the region accounts for almost 6% of world oil and gas production.

Howes, J. [Atlantic Richfield Indonesia Inc., Jakarta (Indonesia)

1997-12-15

437

Petroleum electronic data reporting option (PEDRO)  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) is the major collector of reliable and comprehensive data on energy supply and demand in this country. During its 16-year history, EIA has tried steadily to reduce the data-collection burden placed on business, industry, and the general public. Four years ago, EIA embarked on the creation of flexible, user-friendly, portable, state-of-the-art tool that would allow those petroleum companies that submit data to EIA to save time and money in the preparation and submission of their forms. This effort was undertaken in cooperation with the petroleum industry and resulted in the development of the Petroleum Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO). Today, more than 20 forms are available for electronic filing. Further, the technology embodied in PEDRO has been adopted by other government agencies in various forms for their individual data collection systems.

Heath, C.C.; Lippert, A.A.

1994-01-01

438

Interactive chemistry of coal-petroleum processing  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this program is to investigate the interactive thermal and catalytic chemistry of coal and petroleum processing using model compounds and actual petroleum-coal materials. This quarter the interactive catalytic chemistry of model coal and petroleum systems was investigated using combined catalysts of molybdenum naphthenate and vanadyl acetylacetonate. This combination was performed in order to evaluate the effect of the presence of an indigenous residuum metal, vanadium, on model reactions that occur in coprocessing. In addition, the effect of the vanadium sulfide on the catalysts of in situ sulfided molybdenum naphthenate was investigated. The following reactions were investigated: catalytic hydrodeoxygenation of dibenzofuran, effect of vanadium sulfide in combined catalyst systems on dibenzofuran hydrodeoxygenation, catalytic hydrodesulfurization of dibenzothiophene, effect of vanadium sulfide in combined catalyst systems on dibenzothiophene hydrodesulfurization, catalytic hydrogenation of fluorene, effect of vanadium sulfide in combined catalyst systems on fluorene hydrogenation, catalytic hydrodenitrogenation of carbazole, and effect of vanadium sulfide in combined catalyst systems on carbazole hydrodenitrogenation.

Curtis, C.W.; Guin, J.A.; Tarrer, A.R.

1989-01-01

439

The potential for low petroleum gasoline  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy Act requires the Secretary of Energy to determine the feasibility of producing sufficient replacement fuels to replace at least 30 percent of the projected consumption of motor fuels by light duty vehicles in the year 2010. The Act also requires the Secretary to determine the greenhouse gas implications of the use of replacement fuels. A replacement fuel is a non-petroleum portion of gasoline, including certain alcohols, ethers, and other components. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Refinery Yield Model has been used to study the cost and refinery impacts for production of {open_quotes}low petroleum{close_quotes} gasolines, which contain replacement fuels. The analysis suggests that high oxygenation is the key to meeting the replacement fuel target, and a major contributor to cost increase is investment in processes to produce and etherify light olefins. High oxygenation can also increase the costs of control of vapor pressure, distillation properties, and pollutant emissions of gasolines. Year-round low petroleum gasoline with near-30 percent non-petroleum components might be produced with cost increases of 23 to 37 cents per gallon of gasoline, and with greenhouse gas emissions changes between a 3 percent increase and a 16 percent decrease. Crude oil reduction, with decreased dependence on foreign sources, is a major objective of the low petroleum gasoline program. For year-round gasoline with near-30 percent non-petroleum components, crude oil use is reduced by 10 to 12 percent, at a cost $48 to $89 per barrel. Depending upon resolution of uncertainties about extrapolation of the Environmental Protection Agency Complex Model for pollutant emissions, availability of raw materials and other issues, costs could be lower or higher.

Hadder, G.R.; Webb, G.M.; Clauson, M.

1996-06-01

440

78 FR 57407 - Approval of Altol Petroleum Product Service, as a Commercial Gauger  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Service, has been approved to gauge petroleum, petroleum products, organic chemicals and vegetable oils for customs...PR 00949, has been approved to gauge petroleum, petroleum products, organic chemicals and vegetable oils for...

2013-09-18

441

78 FR 57406 - Approval of Altol Petroleum Product Service, as a Commercial Gauger  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Service, has been approved to gauge petroleum, petroleum products, organic chemicals and vegetable oils for customs...PR 00731, has been approved to gauge petroleum, petroleum products, organic chemicals and vegetable oils for...

2013-09-18

442

Petroleum marketing monthly, September 1990. [Contains Glossary  

SciTech Connect

This report is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, education institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners' acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented. 12 figs., 55 tabs.

Not Available

1990-12-11

443

The solvent extraction approach to petroleum demetallation  

SciTech Connect

Metals are present in petroleum depending on age and conditions of diagenesis, and concentrate during refining in heavy fractions and residua. Nickel and vanadium show particularly deleterious effects on catalysts, such as poisoning, excessive gas and coke formation. Besides, removing vanadium from fuel oils reduces the environmental impact of acid rain due to the oxidation of sulphur dioxide in the atmosphere. In this paper, research and industrial practice literature concerning the removal of nickel and vanadium from petroleum and its fractions by solvent extraction and related techniques is reviewed.

Savastano, C.A. (Eniricerche, Research and Engineering Dept. Via Maritano 26, San Donato Milanses 20097 (IT))

1991-01-01

444

Petroleum marketing monthly, October 1991. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

This report is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiner's acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented. 12 figs., 55 tabs.

Not Available

1991-10-10

445

Accelerated biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbon waste  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conventional landfarming approaches to bioremediation of refinery and other petroleum sludges are not acceptable environmentally\\u000a and are banned in most North American jurisdictions. While initial bioreactor-based systems for treatment of these sludges\\u000a required batch-cycle process-times of 1–3 months, an accelerated process has now been developed which can be completed in\\u000a 10–12 days. In this process, up to 99% of total petroleum hydrocarbons

Owen Ward; Ajay Singh; J. Van Hamme

2003-01-01

446

Effect of petroleum hydrocarbons on algae  

SciTech Connect

Algal species (65) were isolated from oil refinery effluent. Twenty-five of these species were cultured in Benecke's medium in a growth chamber, along with controls. Retardation in algal growth, inhibition in algal photosynthesis, and discoloration was observed in petroleum enriched medium. Few forms, viz. Cyclotella sp., Cosmarium sp., and Merismopedia sp. could not survive. The lag phase lengthened by several days and slope of exponential phase was also depressed. Chlamydomonas sp., Scenedesmus sp., Ankistrodesmus sp., Nitzschia sp. and Navicula sp. were comparatively susceptible to petroleum. Depression in carbon fixation, cell numbers, and total dry algal mass was noticeable, showing toxicity to both diatoms and green algae.

Bhadauria, S. (Raja Balwant Singh College, Agra (India)); Sengar, R.M.S. (Agra College (India)); Mittal, S.; Bhattacharjee, S. (IARI, New Delhi (India))

1992-01-01

447

Petroleum habitat of east Siberia, Russia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

East Siberia comprises three petroleum provinces - Lena-Tunguska, Lena-Vilyuy, and Yenisey-Anabar - that occupy the area of the Siberian craton. Petroleum has been generated and has accumulated in Precambrian rifts beneath the sedimentary basins and, more importantly, within the section of the basin itself. The platformal deposits of the basins extend beneath overthrusts on the east and south and are covered by sedimentary rocks of the West Siberian province on the west. Permafrost and gas hydrate deposits are present throughout most of East Siberia. The hydrocarbon habitat of the three provinces is described. -from Author

Clarke, J. W.

1994-01-01

448

Petroleum Industry: Mergers, Structural Change, and Antitrust Enforcement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the early 1980s, the FTC has been the federal antitrust agency primarily responsible for addressing petroleum industry competition issues. In the past two decades, the Commission has focused close attention on petroleum industry matters and has done...

2004-01-01

449

Petroleum supply monthly with data from October 1996  

SciTech Connect

This publication provides information on the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United states and major geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports, exports, PAD district movements, and inventories by major suppliers of petroleum products.

NONE

1996-12-01

450

Petroleum supply monthly, November 1996 with data for September 1996  

SciTech Connect

Data presented in this report describes the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the US and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products fin the US (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the US. The tables and figures in the Summary Statistics section present a time series of selected petroleum data on a US level. The Detailed Statistics tables present statistics for the most current month available as well as year-to-date. 16 figs., 66 tabs.

NONE

1996-11-01

451

Petroleum supply monthly, December 1998 with data for October 1998  

SciTech Connect

Data presented in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the US and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the US (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the US. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics. 82 tabs.

NONE

1998-12-01

452

Petroleum Marketing Monthly, November 2002 with Data for August 2002.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector ana...

2002-01-01

453

29 CFR 794.132 - âPetroleum productsâ.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Distributors § 794.132 âPetroleum productsâ. A sale by an enterprise...wholesale or bulk distribution of petroleum products will be included in the 25...bulk and for resale, of âpetroleum productsâ. The term âpetroleum...

2009-07-01

454

Petroleum?related risk factors and soil screening levels  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an effort to develop risk?based Soil Screening Levels (SSLs) for Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH) in weathered soils, literature reviews were conducted to identify information regarding toxicology and previously developed oral risk factors for neat petroleum products and their potential surrogates, in particular, long chain petroleum hydrocarbons (LCPHs). Oral reference doses (RfDs) were identified in the literature for hexane; nonane;

Dee Ann Staats; David R. Mattie; Jeffrey W. Fisher

1997-01-01

455

30 CFR 57.4463 - Liquefied petroleum gas use underground.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Liquefied petroleum gas use underground. 57.4463 Section...Liquids and Gases § 57.4463 Liquefied petroleum gas use underground. Use of liquefied petroleum gases underground shall be limited to...

2013-07-01

456

29 CFR 794.132 - âPetroleum productsâ.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...EXEMPTION FOR EMPLOYEES OF WHOLESALE OR BULK PETROLEUM DISTRIBUTORS UNDER SECTION 7(b...Other Bulk Distributors § 794.132 âPetroleum productsâ. A sale by an enterprise...the wholesale or bulk distribution of petroleum products will be included in the...

2013-07-01

457

In situ bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbon and other organic compounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

From supertanker oil spills to the leaking underground storage tank at the corner gas station, contamination from petroleum hydrocarbon fuels and other organic compounds is an environmental concern that affects nearly every small hamlet and major metropolis throughout the world. Moreover, the world`s rivers, estuaries, and oceans are threatened by contamination from petroleum leaks and spills. Fortunately, most petroleum hydrocarbons

B. C. Alleman; A. Leeson

1999-01-01

458

A More Diversified Petroleum Engineering Education for New Energy Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the most diversified petroleum engineering program possible should be provided for our undergraduates, such a program cannot be at the expense of our current core programs. An undergraduate curriculum emphasizing basic science and engineering is our best assurance that our graduates can contribute to society in spite of cyclic demand for petroleum engineers. Petroleum engineering departments and the profession

Lyman Handy

1987-01-01

459

A more diversified petroleum engineering education for new energy challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the most diversified petroleum engineering program possible should be provided for undergraduates, this cannot be done at the expense of the current core programs. An undergraduate curriculum emphasizing basic science and engineering is the best assurance that graduates can contribute to society in spite of cyclic demand for petroleum engineers. Petroleum engineering departments and the profession should anticipate the

Handy

1986-01-01

460

Petroleum Reservoir Engineering Support for the Office of Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves. Final Technical Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In accordance with the ''Procedures for the Determination and Approval of Maximum Efficient Rates of Production from the Naval Petroleum Reserves'' issued by the Office of Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves, US Department of Energy, dated January 1985...

1986-01-01

461

31 CFR 576.206 - Protection granted to the Development Fund for Iraq, Iraqi Petroleum and Petroleum Products, and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and Petroleum Products, and the Central Bank of Iraq. 576.206 Section...and Petroleum Products, and the Central Bank of Iraq. (a) Unless licensed...belonging to, or held by the Central Bank of Iraq, or held,...

2013-07-01

462

Energy security and strategic petroleum reserve  

Microsoft Academic Search

The embargo by the OPEC nations during the winter of 1973-74 caused the United States substantial losses in Gross National Product. In 1975, Congress authorized the establishment of a Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). Underground salt domes were chosen due to lower development costs, the capability to withdraw oil at high flow rates, and the maximum security they provided. The Texas-Louisiana

Charles L. Steinkamp

1984-01-01

463

The origin of light cycloalkanes in petroleum  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been suggested that the light cycloalkanes in petroleum are generated through the thermal decomposition of heavier polycyclic natural products, such as the steranes and triterpanes. However, no support could be found for the assumption that the polycycloalkanes should decompose to light cycloalkanes at typical subsurface temperatures. For example, at 150°C, decahydronaphthalene--the bicyclodecyl unit fundamental to the steranes and

Frank D. Mango

1990-01-01

464

Petroleum - A Prediction Made in 1950.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper was written in the March-April period of 1950 while the writer was an instructor of Mathematics at The United States Military Academy. It discusses sources of petroleum; how long they will last; whether or not certain of these sources will be i...

J. H. Hayes

1973-01-01

465

Health Aspects of Petroleum Fuels - General Principles.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report reviews the health hazards which may arise from the handling and use of petroleum fuels, LPGs, gasolines, kerosenes, gasoils and residual fuel oils. Health hazards arise from a combination of the properties of the fuel and the extent to which p...

P. E. Bright J. P. Berthelot G. P. Ebbon A. R. Eyres E. Frati

1985-01-01

466

AIRBORNE HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGERY FOR THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Petroleum companies can use high performance, airborne hyperspectral technology as a cost- effective tool to improve evaluation of downstream assets, environmentally impacted areas, and terrain characterized by hydrocarbon-seepage. VNIR-SWIR data cubes acquired during Geosat's Hyperspectral Group Shoot 1998 contain new information about manmade facilities and oil- productive geologic structures that is not readily available from other sources. For exploration, a

James M. Ellis; Hattie H. Davis; Michael B. Quinn

467

THE SOLVENT EXTRACTION APPROACH TO PETROLEUM DEMETALLATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Metals are present in petroleum depending on age and conditions of diagenesis, and concentrate during refining in heavy fractions and residua. Nickel and vanadium show particularly deleterious effects on catalysts, such as poisoning, excessive gas and coke formation. Besides, removing vanadium from fuel oils reduces the environmental impact of “acid rain” due to the oxidation of sulphur dioxide in the

Cesar A. Savastano

1991-01-01

468

ANAEROBIC BIODEGRADABILITY OF NON-PETROLEUM OILS.  

EPA Science Inventory

Research has demonstrated that vegetable oils are amenable to anaerobic biodegradation. This is in contrast to petroleum oils. Vegetable oils are already oxygenated because they are composed of fatty acids and glycerols, which contribute to the biodegradability. A strategy has be...

469

Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Draft Environmental Impact Statement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Federal Energy Administration proposes to implement the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, Title I, Part B of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-163). The purpose of the Reserve is to mitigate the economic impacts of any future interrup...

1976-01-01

470

Selective isolation of nitrogen bases from petroleum  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method has been designed for the rapid separation of nitrogen bases from petroleum by trapping their quaternary ammonium salts on hydrochloric acid treated silica. A chromatographic column filled with this adsorbent and equipped with a solvent recycling system allows a selective and quantitative extraction of basic compounds from large amounts (>100 g) of crude oil. The procedure has been

Jean Marie. Schmitter; Ioannis. Ignatiadis; Patrick. Arpino; Georges. Guiochon

1983-01-01

471

Petroleum Marketing. Selling Automotive Products and Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This textbook contains material for the individualized instruction of students training for careers in service stations; automotive, tire, battery, and accessory retail stores; oil jobbers and petroleum product wholesalers, or any wholesale or retail establishment that sells automotive products and services. Included among the topics addressed in…

Luter, Robert R.

472

The Pros and Cons of Petroleum Agreements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A mineral agreements expert discusses the options open to tribes, from the most standard lease form to arrangements as yet untried by Indian Nations. Discussion covers 18 basic provisions for inclusion in agreements, tax considerations, and basic forms of petroleum agreements (leases, joint ventures, production sharing, and service contracts).…

Lipton, Charles J.

1980-01-01

473

Petroleum exploration in Nevada, then and now  

Microsoft Academic Search

Serious petroleum exploration in Nevada is nearly 40 years old, with the most significant advancements made in the last decade. Early exploration first centered on the Paleozoic sediments that were deposited in the Cordilleran miogeocline. The focus of exploration seemed to shift from the Paleozoic to the Tertiary after the discovery of Eagle Spring field in 1954. Most holes drilled

1988-01-01

474

Resource Constraints in Petroleum Production Potential  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geologic reasons indicate that the dominant position of die Middle East as a source of conventional petroleum will not be changed by new discoveries elsewhere. The share of world crude oil production coming from the Middle East could increase, within 10 to 20 years, to exceed 50 percent, under even modest increases in world consumption. Nonconventional resources of oil exist

C. D. Masters; D. H. Root; E. D. Attanasi

1991-01-01

475

Introduction to petroleum geology. Second edition  

Microsoft Academic Search

This petroleum geology text has been updated to cover the latest developments in structural geology and applied geophysics. This new revision of the second edition brings together a treatment of both the theoretical and the practical aspects of oil and gas geology, explaining the current techniques of geophysical exploration and subsurface reservoir delineation. The latest advances in computerized imaging from

G. D. Hobson; E. N. Tiratsoo

1985-01-01

476

Petroleum research: A vision of the future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Massive changes in the United States petroleum industry have already occurred. A return to the aggressive exploration and development industry of the last forty years is unlikely in the face of declining major company interest in US targets, increasing costs of operations due to taxation, complicated additional regulation, and litigious opponents to development. In short, the United States has elected

1992-01-01

477

Statistics of Oklahoma's petroleum industry, 1967  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exploratory drilling during 1967 declined as did most activity in the petroleum industry except production. Sixty-six counties were explored for new reservoirs. The state-wide success ratio was 23%. The NW. portion of the State experienced the most extensive activity as the search continued for discoveries in the N. flank of and down into the Anadarko Basin; the success ratio, as

1968-01-01

478

Preliminary petroleum resource estimates for Indonesia  

SciTech Connect

Of about 44 sedimentary basins along the 2900 mi east-west extent of Indonesia, 13 basins are believed to contain practically all of Indonesia's future petroleum resources. Western Indonesia, underlain by the Asian (Sunda) continental block, comprises the Sumatra-Java archipelago, the island of Kalimantan, and the intervening Sunda Shelf. This area contains almost all of the Indonesian petroleum reserves, and its exploration has reached early maturity. The reserves are concentrated in the five larger inner-arc basins of the archipelago and in the three rifted basins of the Kalimantan-Sunda Shelf area. Eastern Indonesia is essentially Irian Jaya (western New Guinea) and the adjoining shelf. The north edge of the Australian-New Guinea continental block has been successively rifted, compressed, and wrenched along its northern boundary with the Pacific plate. Exploration of the three major basins in this tectonic zone is still in an early stage. Preliminary most-likely estimates of the undiscovered recoverable petroleum resources of Indonesia are approximately 7 billion bbl of oil and 70 tcf of gas (in addition to an estimated 70 tcf of discovered gas not yet assigned to reserves). More than 90% of the undiscovered petroleum resources are in western Indonesia, but the best chances for unknown giant discoveries may be in the frontier Irian Jaya of eastern Indonesia.

Kingston, J.

1986-05-01

479

Sustained high hydroconversion of petroleum residua feedstocks  

Microsoft Academic Search

A process for high hydroconversion of petroleum residua containing at least about 25 V % material boiling above 975° F. to produce lower boiling hydrocarbon liquid products and avoid undesirable precipitation of asphaltene compounds. In the process, the feedstock is at least about 80 percent catalytically hydroconverted to material boiling below 975° F. and containing a mixture of gas and

M. C. Chervenak; R. M. Eccles; G. Nongbri

1985-01-01

480

Asphaltene flocculation and collapse from petroleum fluids  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deposition of complex and heavy organic compounds, which exist in petroleum crude and heavy oil, can cause a number of severe problems. To prevent deposition inside the reservoir, in the well head and inside the transmission lines, it is necessary to be able to predict the onset and amount of deposition due to various factors. In the present paper, the

Valter Antonio; M. Branco; G. Ali Mansoori; Luiza Cristina De Almeida Xavier; Sang J. Park; Hussain Manafi

2001-01-01

481

Petroleum accounting principles, procedures, and issues  

SciTech Connect

This book begins with the basics and leads one through the complexities of accounting and reporting for the industry. It presents the material one needs as an accountant in the petroleum industry. Examples deal with real problems and issues. It also includes numerous illustrations and examples, as well as sample forms, lease agreements, and industry and governmental regulations.

Brock, H.R.; Klingstedt, J.P.; Jones, D.M.

1985-01-01

482

Fluid catalytic cracking of heavy petroleum fractions  

Microsoft Academic Search

A process is disclosed for fluid catalytic cracking in a cracking zone of residuum and other heavy oils comprising gas oil, petroleum residue, reduced and whole crudes, and shale oils with high metals content. The coke deposits on the used cracking catalyst are reduced in amount by regeneration and contaminant metals comprising nickel, vanadium, copper and iron deposited on the

W. D. Ford; D. F. Tatterson

1981-01-01

483

History of petroleum development in Arctic Alaska  

SciTech Connect

Long before recorded history, tar from oil seepages and oil shale that burned like wood were used for fuel by the Inuit (native people of Arctic Alaska). The first published descriptions of these oil seepages that identified Arctic Alaska as a petroliferous province appeared in 1909. In 1921, several applications for prospecting permits were filed by private groups under the old mining laws, but the permits were never issued. In 1923, President Harding set aside about half of the North Slope of Alaska, including most of the seepage areas, as Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 4. This was followed by three periods of federally sponsored exploration programs in the reserve and the adjoining areas during the periods 1923 to 1926, 1944 to 1952, and 1974 to 1982. Noncommercial oil and gas deposits were discovered in the reserve, the gas deposits at Barrow were developed for local use, and the feasibility of petroleum exploration and development in the Arctic was established. Industry exploration began in 1958 when the lands adjacent to the reserve were opened for lease. Prudhoe Bay, North America's largest oil field, was discovered in 1968. The history of petroleum development in Arctic Alaska provides an interesting study of the building of a geologic, geographic, and logistic base, of the lead time required for resource exploitation, of the interaction of government and industry, and of the expansion of the US resource base during a time of expanding ecologic awareness. Petroleum exploration in the Canadian Arctic region was stimulated by the activity across the border in Alaska.

Gryc, G. (Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA (United States))

1991-03-01

484

United States Petroleum Situation Through 1980.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper examines the current and projected United States petroleum and natural gas requirements through 1980. These two resources account for three-fourths of all the energy consumed in the United States. The unprecedented rate at which they are being c...

R. W. Huebner

1973-01-01

485

Risk Assessment of PAH Containing Petroleum Substances  

Microsoft Academic Search

An approach is proposed for the environmental risk assessment of complex mixtures like petroleum substances based on the identification of clusters (“blocks”) of components with similar environmental fate and ecotoxicological properties. The risks of these blocks are assessed individually and multiplied with their proportional distribution in the substance discharged and summed in order to arrive at a total environmental risk

J. J. Verburgh; B. G. Hansen; A. Worth; W. Karcher

1996-01-01

486

Petroleum development in the Gulf of Campeche  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mexico's petroleum industry has become widely recognized as a fundamental factor in the nation's economic development. A marine geophysical survey has been carried out in the country since 1949, and the production of hydrocarbons started in 1958. Santa Ana, Offshore Golden Line and Arengue are names which represent 30 years of efforts in marine operations which have allowed Mexico to

1980-01-01

487

Future petroleum provinces in New Mexico  

SciTech Connect

This atlas of the petroleum geology of New Mexico contains system isopach maps of the entire state, cross sections, structure maps, oil-field maps, and type logs and stratigraphic sections. Twenty-eight target explorations areas are described, most with an overview of the subsurface geology and discussion of exploration objectives; several regional overviews received detailed attention.

Grant, P.R.; Foster, R.W.

1989-01-01

488

Petroleum Supply Monthly, June 1988. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

Data on supply and demand for petroleum is presented. Total US demand for petroleum products (as measured by product supplied) averaged 17.1 million barrels per day in June 1988, more than 0.9 million barrels per day above the average for May and 0.2 million barrels per day above the average for June 1987. For the first 6 months of 1988, total US demand averaged 17.0 million barrels per day, 2.9 percent higher than for the comparable period in 1987. Other highlights include the following: Finished motor gasoline demand for June was 7.8 million barrels per day, the highest monthly level recorded since August 1978. Crude oil imports (excluding SPR) for the first 6 months of this year averaged 4.9 million barrels per day, 0.7 million barrels per day, or 17.4 percent, above the average for the first 6 months of 1987. Refinery utilization averaged 83.9 percent in the first half of 1988, compared with 81.6 percent for the first half of 1987. During June, drought conditions along the Mississippi River and its tributaries had no major impact on the petroleum industry's ability to produce and deliver petroleum products.

Not Available

1988-08-25

489

21 CFR 178.3710 - Petroleum wax.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Maximum 280 to 289 0.15 290 to 299 .12 300 to 359 .08 360 to 400 .02 (c) Petroleum wax may contain any antioxidant permitted in food by regulations issued in accordance with section 409 of the act, in an amount not greater than that...

2013-04-01

490

Online Petroleum Industry Bibliographic Databases: A Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses the present status of the bibliographic database industry, reviews the development of online databases of interest to the petroleum industry, and considers future developments in online searching and their effect on libraries and information centers. Three groups of databases are described: (1) databases developed by the…

Anderson, Margaret B.

491

Liquefied petroleum gases. Second edition, revised  

SciTech Connect

An updated, standard reference on the nature, quality, and practical handling of liquefied petroleum gases is presented. New applications such as the role of LPG as a feedstock for chemical production, as well as current safety guidelines and regulations are discussed.

Williams, A.F.; Lom, W.L.

1982-01-01

492

Early petroleum exploration, Rocky Mountain region, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, geology exposed on the flanks of Rocky Mountain uplifts has given unique opportunities to integrate surface and subsurface data to understand the petroleum geology of the intermontane basins. Exploration evolved from drilling near seeps to mapping of surface anticlines, to use of geophysics and subsurface data acquired by drilling. Oil seeps were first recorded by explorers in Wyoming in

1991-01-01

493

New demulsifiers for petroleum preparation processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In preparing crude oil for refining, demulsifiers play a large role in improving the quality of petroleum products and conversion\\u000a to a zero-waste system of water use in refineries (RF) [1, 2]. They are widely used in preparation of crudes in refineries\\u000a and in exhaustive desalting in RF electric desalting units (EDU) [3 – 6].

V. N. Koshelev; L. Z. Klimova; V. V. Starikov; S. A. Nizova

2000-01-01

494

The Petroleum Industries’ Air Pollution Control Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American Petroleum Institute sponsored a research project to investigate the problem of air pollution in urban areas. This was a long-range basic study designed to find out just what chemicals go into the air and what happens to them after they become a part of the environment and how these facts relate to air pollution. The nature of chemicals

G. A. Lloyd

1961-01-01

495

Petroleum habitat of East Siberia, Russia  

SciTech Connect

East Siberia comprises three petroleum provinces - Lena-Tunguska, Lena-Vilyuy, and Yenisey-Anabar - that occupy the area of the Siberian craton. Petroleum has been generated and has accumulated in Precambrian rifts beneath the sedimentary basins and, more importantly, within the section of the basin itself. The platformal deposits of the basins extend beneath overthrusts on the east and south and are covered by sedimentary rocks of the West Siberian province on the west. Permafrost and gas hydrate deposits are present throughout most of East Siberia. In the Lena-Tunguska province, rifts that developed during Riphean time are filled by thick sedimentary rocks, in which petroleum deposits have formed. In Early Cambrian time a barrier reef extended across the East Siberian craton from southeast to northwest. A lagoon to the west of this reef was the site of thick rhythmic salt deposits, which are the main seals for petroleum in the province. The sedimentary sections of the platform cover ranges in age from Late Proterozoic to Permian. More than 25 oil and gas fields have been