Science.gov

Sample records for ions keeping company

  1. Drunk as The Company You Keep?

    MedlinePlus

    ... 160964.html Drunk as the Company You Keep? Perceptions of your intoxication influenced by how much those ... that serve alcohol. They found that the drinkers' perceptions of their level of drunkenness and the associated ...

  2. Chair's Address: Voices of the Company We Keep

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anokye, Akua Duku

    2007-01-01

    This article presents a written version of the address Akua Duku Anokye, chairwoman of the Conference on College Composition and Communication (CCCC), gave at the CCCC meeting in New York on March 24, 2007. In her address, Anokye talked about the importance of how an entity or an individual is known by the company they keep. To learn with whom has…

  3. To what extent can highly charged ions keep captured electrons

    SciTech Connect

    Morgenstern, R. )

    1993-06-05

    In collisions between highly charged ions and atomic or molecular targets three phases can be distinguished: an initial capture into nonstationary states, a rearrangement of the captured electrons, and finally a decay by means of photon or electron emission. To understand the final result of such collisions one has to understand the processes in each phase. Several examples of recent investigations are discussed which shed light on the processes during these phases.

  4. Keeping Pace

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, Nancy

    2008-01-01

    This article describes the struggles of two tough moms who team up to start their own company. Fed up with a lack of stylish, properly-fitting shoes for their children with cerebral palsy, they established "Keeping Pace" which currently offers a selection of stylish girls' and boys' athletic sneakers and casual dress shoes for boys, all sold…

  5. You shall know an object by the company it keeps: An investigation of semantic representations derived from object co-occurrence in visual scenes.

    PubMed

    Sadeghi, Zahra; McClelland, James L; Hoffman, Paul

    2015-09-01

    An influential position in lexical semantics holds that semantic representations for words can be derived through analysis of patterns of lexical co-occurrence in large language corpora. Firth (1957) famously summarised this principle as "you shall know a word by the company it keeps". We explored whether the same principle could be applied to non-verbal patterns of object co-occurrence in natural scenes. We performed latent semantic analysis (LSA) on a set of photographed scenes in which all of the objects present had been manually labelled. This resulted in a representation of objects in a high-dimensional space in which similarity between two objects indicated the degree to which they appeared in similar scenes. These representations revealed similarities among objects belonging to the same taxonomic category (e.g., items of clothing) as well as cross-category associations (e.g., between fruits and kitchen utensils). We also compared representations generated from this scene dataset with two established methods for elucidating semantic representations: (a) a published database of semantic features generated verbally by participants and (b) LSA applied to a linguistic corpus in the usual fashion. Statistical comparisons of the three methods indicated significant association between the structures revealed by each method, with the scene dataset displaying greater convergence with feature-based representations than did LSA applied to linguistic data. The results indicate that information about the conceptual significance of objects can be extracted from their patterns of co-occurrence in natural environments, opening the possibility for such data to be incorporated into existing models of conceptual representation. PMID:25196838

  6. 76 FR 41142 - Special Conditions; Cessna Aircraft Company Model M680 Airplane; Lithium-ion Battery Installations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-13

    ... Aircraft Company Model M680 Airplane; Lithium-ion Battery Installations AGENCY: Federal Aviation... design feature associated with Lithium-ion batteries. The applicable airworthiness regulations do not...) T00012WI for installation of Lithium-ion batteries in the Model 680. The Model 680 is a twin-engine,...

  7. Quantum simulation of `zitterbewegung' in a single trapped ion under conditions of parity-keeping and parity-breaking

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Tao; Feng, Mang; Yang, WanLi; Chen, Liang; Zhou, Fei; Wang, KeLin

    2014-07-01

    The motional trembling (`zitterbewegung') of a relativistic electron governed by Dirac equation was originally predicted by Schrödinger in the early days of quantum mechanics and simulated in a recent experiment with a single trapped ultracold ion. We investigate stable and instable confinements of a single trapped ion in a Paul trap under different conditions relevant to parity. Since our treatment involves neither restriction of Lamb-Dicke limit nor rotating-wave approximation, we may demonstrate different quantum dynamics of the single trapped ion in a wide range of the trapping parameters. We discuss the origin of the zitterbewegung which is relevant to the stability of the ion trapping.

  8. Keep Your Kidneys Healthy

    MedlinePlus

    ... our online catalog . Alternate Language URL Keep Your Kidneys Healthy Page Content The steps you take to ... and heart disease. Tips to help keep your kidneys healthy: Keep your blood pressure at the target ...

  9. Keep S'meylin

    MedlinePlus

    ... magazine Keep S’myelin: Issue 8 — MS Around the World (.pdf) In this issue of Keep S’myelin, your children will learn about the larger world of MS. Since families can sometimes feel very ...

  10. Keeping the Records Straight.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clift, Phil; Keynes, Milton

    1982-01-01

    Guidelines are given regarding keeping and using educational records for exceptional children in Great Britain. Procedures related to anecdotal records, observation inventories, and rating scales are delineated. (CL)

  11. Keep Them Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vanneman, Susan

    2010-01-01

    The relentless quest of the school librarian is finding the right book for each student, searching for the home-run book for every child, and keeping students reading book after book after book. A considerable amount of the school librarian's time, effort, and creativity are devoted not only to motivating students to read, but to keeping them…

  12. Job Keeping Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia. Office of Vocational Education.

    This curriculum is designed to help teachers teach a course in job keeping skills to high school students in order to instill in them appropriate attitudes for the world of work. The guide introduces the human aspects of working in an organization. "Job Keeping Skills" is divided into 10 instructional units. Each unit contains four or more lessons…

  13. Keep It Clean.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prickette, Thomas

    1984-01-01

    The printer is identified as the major maintenance problem in computer system and tips for reducing downtime are offered, including keeping the printer clean by using high quality paper and scheduling routine servicing. (MJL)

  14. Station-keeping guidance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gustafson, D. E.; Kriegsman, B. A.

    1972-01-01

    The station-keeping guidance system is described, which is designed to automatically keep one orbiting vehicle within a prescribed zone fixed with respect to another orbiting vehicle. The active vehicle, i.e. the one performing the station-keeping maneuvers, is referred to as the shuttle. The other passive orbiting vehicle is denoted as the workshop. The passive vehicle is assumed to be in a low-eccentricity near-earth orbit. The primary navigation sensor considered is a gimballed tracking radar located on board the shuttle. It provides data on relative range and range rate between the two vehicles. Also measured are the shaft and trunnion axes gimbal angles. An inertial measurement unit (IMU) is provided on board the orbiter. The IMU is used at all times to provide an attitude reference for the vehicle. The IMU accelerometers are used periodically to monitor the velocity-correction burns applied to the shuttle during the station-keeping mode. The guidance system is capable of station-keeping the shuttle in any arbitrary position with respect to the workshop by periodically applying velocity-correction pulses to the shuttle.

  15. Galileo Station Keeping Strategy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Perez-Cambriles, Antonio; Bejar-Romero, Juan Antonio; Aguilar-Taboada, Daniel; Perez-Lopez, Fernando; Navarro, Daniel

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents analyses done for the design and implementation of the Maneuver Planning software of the Galileo Flight Dynamics Facility. The station keeping requirements of the constellation have been analyzed in order to identify the key parameters to be taken into account in the design and implementation of the software.

  16. Keeping Track of Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dyrli, Kurt O.

    2009-01-01

    A lack of consistent and accurate auditing and record keeping of district IT equipment can lead to confusion between administrative departments, including redundant purchases, transferred equipment being mislabeled as stolen, computers and other equipment simply being lost, or a variety of other scenarios. This had led to an increased demand for…

  17. Keeping Campuses Safe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Mike

    1999-01-01

    Describes how colleges and universities are using technology, as well as traditional methods, to keep campuses safe and reduce crime. Topics include using free pizza in a successful contest to teach students about campus safety, installing security cameras, using access-control cards, providing adequate lighting, and creating a bicycle patrol…

  18. Keeping Excitement in Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simpson, Ronald D.

    1987-01-01

    A discussion of the importance of faculty renewal and positive attitudes toward teaching suggests five ways to keep energy and excitement in teaching, including focusing more on students, allowing students more responsibility, using varied teaching methods, taking on teaching challenges, and planning periodic activities away from the classroom.…

  19. Keeping Plateaued Performers Motivated.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeLon, Barbara A.

    1993-01-01

    Discusses the problem of keeping library staff motivated when promotions are not available. Topics addressed include the importance of management training that emphasizes communication skills; alternative ways to help employees grow, including staff development programs, lateral transfers, job rotation, and short-term projects; and helpful…

  20. Record Keeping Guidelines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Psychologist, 2007

    2007-01-01

    These guidelines are designed to educate psychologists and provide a framework for making decisions regarding professional record keeping. State and federal laws, as well as the American Psychological Association's "Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct," generally require maintenance of appropriate records of psychological…

  1. 76 FR 57627 - Special Conditions: Cessna Aircraft Company Model M680 Airplane; Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Battery...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-16

    ... published in the Federal Register on July 1, 2011 (76 FR 41142). No comments were received, and the special... Airplane; Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Battery Installations AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT... lithium-ion batteries. The applicable airworthiness regulations do not contain adequate or...

  2. Let's Keep Moving!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Obama, Michelle

    2012-01-01

    First Lady Michelle Obama lauds educators for following the lead of her Let's Move! program and taking action to curtail childhood obesity. The battle to make children healthier is being waged on a number of fronts by food companies, restaurants and schools. Progress has been made, she says, but more is needed.

  3. Keeping "Performance" in HPC

    SciTech Connect

    Farber, Rob

    2007-07-06

    Virtualization, discussed in last months column, and the advent of many-core processors (chips containing tens or hundreds of cores) are two new technologies on the HPC horizon that appear to be pieces of the sustained petascale supercomputer puzzles. As usual, unresolved performance problems at current HPC performance levels will be accentuated in the future - and by these technologies - as we scale to ever faster systems. Without going into a technical deep-dive, I will discuss some of the issues related to virtualization and many-core processors that need to be understood when looking forward into the HPC future. We all want to keep the “performance” in HPC.

  4. Keeping Hearts Pumping

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    A collaboration between NASA, Dr. Michael DeBakey, Dr. George Noon, and MicroMed Technology, Inc., resulted in a life-saving heart pump for patients awaiting heart transplants. The MicroMed DeBakey VAD functions as a "bridge to heart transplant" by pumping blood throughout the body to keep critically ill patients alive until a donor heart is available. Weighing less than 4 ounces and measuring 1 inch by 3 inches, the pump is approximately one-tenth the size of other currently marketed pulsatile VADs. This makes it less invasive and ideal for smaller adults and children. Because of the pump's small size, less than 5 percent of the patients implanted developed device-related infections. It can operate up to 8 hours on batteries, giving patients the mobility to do normal, everyday activities.The MicroMed DeBakey VAD is a registered trademark of MicroMed Technology, Inc.

  5. Keep insurers honest.

    PubMed

    Ortolon, Ken

    2012-08-01

    A law that the Texas Medical Association worked hard to pass in 2009 requires insurers' physician-ranking programs to use nationally recognized standards and guidelines and requires insurance plans to disclose those measurements to physicians before the evaluation period. It also gives physicians the right to dispute their rankings before insurers publish or advertise them to the public. TMA officials say most of the major plans suspended their ranking programs after the law was passed. But some of those insurance companies are preparing to roll out updated versions of their ranking programs early next year. TMA officials say physicians need to be aware of their rights and how to appeal any adverse rankings under the law. PMID:22855015

  6. Lane Keeping Support

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gayko, Jens

    Während längerer Fahrten auf autobahnähnlichen Straßen wird die Fahraufgabe des Spurhaltens von vielen Fahrern als lästig empfunden. Andererseits stellt das unbeabsichtigte Verlassen des Fahrstreifens eine häufge Unfallursache dar, wie bereits in Kapitel 34 beschrieben. Im Gegensatz zu der im vorigen Kapitel dargelegten Funktion des Lane Departure Warning (LDW) greift die hier beschriebene Spurhalteassistenz bzw. Lane Keeping Support (LKS) aktiv in das Lenksystem ein. Dadurch wird der Fahrer bei der Fahraufgabe des Spurhaltens unterstützt. Ziel dieser Funktion ist, je nach Auslegung, eine Erhöhung der Sicherheit, eine Erhöhung des Fahrkomforts oder eine Kombination beider Ziele. Ein wichtiges Merkmal der hier beschriebenen Systeme ist die Art der Assistenz, die über Warnungen hinausgeht, jedoch keine den Fahrer ersetzende Assistenz darstellt. Die motorische Ausführung der Lenkung des Fahrzeugs erfolgt somit durch den Fahrer und das LKS-System zugleich. Das Einsatzgebiet der heute verfügbaren Systeme erstreckt sich über autobahnähnliche Straßen in mittleren bis hohen Geschwindigkeiten und sichtbaren Markierungen der Fahrstreifen.

  7. The Company They Keep: Friendship in Childhood and Adolescence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bukowski, William M., Ed.; And Others

    Most research on the subject of friendship has concentrated on peer acceptance, dyadic properties, and the contribution that friendship makes to development and adjustment. This book explores the role of friendships in a child's social and emotional growth. The articles, based on presentations made at an SRCD (Society for Research in Child…

  8. The Company We Keep: Collaboration in the Community College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roueche, John E.; And Others

    In this book, the chief executive officers of 14 community colleges, the director of a state agency, and the director of a national project share their experiences about partnerships, collaborations and alliances. The following chapters are included: (1) "Chapter and Verse: How We Came To Be Where We Are," by Lynn Sullivan Taber; (2) "Community…

  9. Keeping Communication Continuous

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2003-01-01

    General Dynamics Decision Systems employees have played a role in supplying telemetry, tracking, and control (TT&C) and other communications systems to NASA and the U.S. Department of Defense for over 40 years. Providing integrated communication systems and subsystems for nearly all manned and unmanned U.S. space flights, the heritage of this Scottsdale, Arizona-based company includes S-band transceivers that enabled millions of Americans to see Neil Armstrong and hear his prophetic words from the Moon in 1969. More recently, Decision Systems has collaborated with NASA s Goddard Space Flight Center to develop transponders, wireless communications devices that pick up and automatically respond to an incoming signal, for NASA s Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS). Four generations of Decision Systems TDRSS transponders have been developed under Goddard s sponsorship. The company s Fourth Generation TDRSS User Transponder (TDRSS IV) allows low-Earth-orbiting spacecraft to communicate continuously with a single ground station at White Sands, New Mexico, through a constellation of geostationary relay satellites positioned at key locations around the Earth. In addition to the communications of forward link control commands and return link telemetry data, the TDRSS IV also supports spacecraft orbit tracking through coherent turn-around of a pseudo-noise ranging code and two-way Doppler tracking.When the NSBF adopted the use of global positioning system receivers for balloon position tracking, Decision Systems concluded that a simpler, noncoherent transceiver could provide the NSBF with the necessary TDRSS communications without the additional cost and complexity of a coherent transponder. The solution was to take the core design of the TDRSS IV Transponder, but remove the extra functionality that supported coherent turn-around. This would simplify the production effort, reduce the testing required, and result in a lower cost product with smaller size, weight

  10. Keeping Up: Personal Staff Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woolls, Blanche

    2009-01-01

    Some essential components of "keeping current" with trends and new developments in the school library field for library media specialists includes attending conferences and reading professional literature. Beginning in May 2007, one article on "keeping up" each year has been devoted to summarizing the major themes in conferences and professional…

  11. Dust That's Worth Keeping

    SciTech Connect

    Hazi, A

    2006-01-25

    Images taken of interstellar space often display a colorful canvas of portions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Dispersed throughout the images are interstellar clouds of dust and gas--remnants ejected from stars and supernovae over billions and billions of years. For more than 40 years, astronomers have observed that interstellar dust exhibits a consistent effect at a spectral wavelength of 2,175 angstroms, the equivalent of 5.7 electronvolts in energy on the electromagnetic spectrum. At this wavelength, light from stars is absorbed by dust in the interstellar medium, blocking the stars light from reaching Earth. The 2,175-angstrom feature, which looks like a bump on spectra, is the strongest ultraviolet-visible light spectral signature of interstellar dust and is visible along nearly every observational line of sight. Scientists have sought to solve the mystery of what causes the 2,175-angstrom feature by reproducing the effect in the laboratory. They speculated a number of possibilities, including fullerenes (buckyballs), nanodiamonds, and even interstellar organisms. However, none of these materials fits the data for the unique spectral feature. Limitations in the energy and spatial resolution achievable with electron microscopes and ion microprobes--the two main instruments used to study samples of dust--have also prevented scientists from finding the answer. A collaborative effort led by Livermore physicist John Bradley and funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has used a new-generation transmission electron microscope (TEM) and nanoscale ion microprobe to unlock the mystery. The Livermore group includes physicists Zu Rong Dai, Ian Hutcheon, Peter Weber, and Sasa Bajt and postdoctoral researchers Hope Ishii, Giles Graham, and Julie Smith. They collaborated with the University of California at Davis (UCD), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Washington University's Laboratory for Space Sciences in St. Louis, and NASA's Ames

  12. Dust That's Worth Keeping

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hazi, A.

    2006-01-01

    Images taken of interstellar space often display a colorful canvas of portions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Dispersed throughout the images are interstellar clouds of dust and gas--remnants ejected from stars and supernovae over billions and billions of years. For more than 40 years, astronomers have observed that interstellar dust exhibits a consistent effect at a spectral wavelength of 2,175 angstroms, the equivalent of 5.7 electronvolts in energy on the electromagnetic spectrum. At this wavelength, light from stars is absorbed by dust in the interstellar medium, blocking the stars light from reaching Earth. The 2,175-angstrom feature, which looks like a bump on spectra, is the strongest ultraviolet-visible light spectral signature of interstellar dust and is visible along nearly every observational line of sight. Scientists have sought to solve the mystery of what causes the 2,175-angstrom feature by reproducing the effect in the laboratory. They speculated a number of possibilities, including fullerenes (buckyballs), nanodiamonds, and even interstellar organisms. However, none of these materials fits the data for the unique spectral feature. Limitations in the energy and spatial resolution achievable with electron microscopes and ion microprobes--the two main instruments used to study samples of dust--have also prevented scientists from finding the answer. A collaborative effort led by Livermore physicist John Bradley and funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has used a new-generation transmission electron microscope (TEM) and nanoscale ion microprobe to unlock the mystery. The Livermore group includes physicists Zu Rong Dai, Ian Hutcheon, Peter Weber, and Sasa Bajt and postdoctoral researchers Hope Ishii, Giles Graham, and Julie Smith. They collaborated with the University of California at Davis (UCD), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Washington University's Laboratory for Space Sciences in St. Louis, and NASA's Ames

  13. Keep Safe When Temperatures Soar

    MedlinePlus

    ... medlineplus/news/fullstory_159527.html Keep Safe When Temperatures Soar Everyone's at risk of heat-related illness, ... THURSDAY, June 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- With high temperatures moving across the United States this weekend, one ...

  14. Keep Safe When Temperatures Soar

    MedlinePlus

    ... gov/news/fullstory_159527.html Keep Safe When Temperatures Soar Everyone's at risk of heat-related illness, ... THURSDAY, June 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- With high temperatures moving across the United States this weekend, one ...

  15. Techtalk: Keeping up with Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caverly, David C.; MacDonald, Lucy

    2004-01-01

    A theme for this year's Techtalk is keeping up with technology, emphasizing both professional development and new technology. This first column will look at the how and why of professional development. A second column will highlight wireless technology. The National Association for Developmental Education's Executive Board (NADE, 2001) resolved…

  16. Keeping Faith with One Another.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Harn, Gordon L.

    1992-01-01

    The relationship between church and college rests on shared commitments and mutual benefit. Maintenance of mutual trust and confidence requires that faculty and administrators affirm their shared mission, and keep curriculum content and campus life consonant with it. Such a relationship enables conflict resolution and advancement of denominational…

  17. Adventure Programming: Keeping It Safe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spacht, Roger J.; Hirsch, Jude

    1995-01-01

    Addresses issues related to administration of adventure programs, including liability, hiring well-trained staff, conducting safe activities, supervising safe adventure programs, maintaining appropriate facilities and equipment, keeping accurate records, posting information about potentially unsafe sites and activities, carrying adequate insurance…

  18. To keep an incessant watch.

    PubMed

    Smith, Kurt A

    2011-05-01

    Medical residency is an educational enterprise directed toward producing clinicians who recognize and correctly manage disease. While formal graduate medical education provides didactics and bedside teaching to improve knowledge, individual learning efforts are essential to the educational experience. Keeping track of patient outcomes after disposition from the emergency department (ED) is a useful exercise in reviewing gaps in knowledge of the individual and deficiencies in systems-based care. In reviewing the agreement between admission and discharge diagnoses of a single resident over 4 years of residency, significant improvement in diagnostic accuracy was observed. This method of self-correction has potential to supplement formal residency education in emergency medicine. PMID:21569172

  19. Prevent Diabetes Problems: Keep Your Kidneys Healthy

    MedlinePlus

    ... Language URL Español Prevent diabetes problems: Keep your kidneys healthy Page Content On this page: What are ... I keep my kidneys healthy? What are my kidneys and what do they do? Your kidneys are ...

  20. Keep Your Kidneys Clear: Kicking Kidney Stones

    MedlinePlus

    ... PDF—450 kb) Hey, Parents: It’s a Noisy Planet Keep Your Kidneys Clear Keep Your Kidneys Clear ... Pike Bethesda, Maryland 20892 Department of Health and Human Services Office of Communications and Public Liaison

  1. Keeping Your Head On Target

    PubMed Central

    Wong, Aaron L.; Zee, David S.; Jinnah, H. A.

    2013-01-01

    The mechanisms by which the human brain controls eye movements are reasonably well understood, but those for the head less so. Here, we show that the mechanisms for keeping the head aimed at a stationary target follow strategies similar to those for holding the eyes steady on stationary targets. Specifically, we applied the neural integrator hypothesis that originally was developed for holding the eyes still in eccentric gaze positions to describe how the head is held still when turned toward an eccentric target. We found that normal humans make head movements consistent with the neural integrator hypothesis, except that additional sensory feedback is needed, from proprioceptors in the neck, to keep the head on target. We also show that the complicated patterns of head movements in patients with cervical dystonia can be predicted by deficits in a neural integrator for head motor control. These results support ideas originally developed from animal studies that suggest fundamental similarities between oculomotor and cephalomotor control, as well as a conceptual framework for cervical dystonia that departs considerably from current clinical views. PMID:23825431

  2. Clinton keeps pledge for NIST

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clinton wants a total of $1.023 billion for FY 1996 for the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). This is a 19.8% increase over the current appropriation.In keeping with Clinton's belief in high technology as an engine to create jobs and improve competitiveness, the administration has regularly requested significant growth for NIST. In past years, Congress has granted NIST increases—though lower ones than requested. Of late, some key Republicans have taken to task NIST's cooperative efforts with industry. A bill is already in the works in Congress to rescind some of the FY 1995 funding for the Advanced Technology Program (ATP), which is one of NIST's technology development and outreach programs.

  3. Generics: keep a balanced view.

    PubMed

    2014-02-01

    Once the different kinds of commercial protection (patents, etc.) granted to the manufacturer of an "originator" drug have expired, the drug in question may be copied by other companies. These copies are known as generics. The characteristics and pharmaceutical quality of generics are governed by international standards. The marketing authorisation procedure for generic drugs dispenses with preclinical and clinical trials, which already exist for the originator drug. In contrast, proof of bioequivalence must be provided. In practice, this means demonstrating that the effects of the generic are similar (but not necessarily identical) to those of the originator drug. Slight differences between a generic and its brand-name counterpart are allowed, provided they do not markedly affect the efficacy or adverse effect profile in comparison to the originator drug. The accepted degree of difference between a generic and the original brand-name drug is the same as the acceptable difference between two batches of the originator drug. The rules governing generic manufacturing conditions are identical to those applying to originator drugs. And issues raised by drug production abroad, particularly to Asian countries, apply to originator just as much as to generic drugs. Generics represent a significant source of financial savings for society. In France, various measures have been introduced to encourage doctors, pharmacists and patients, respectively, to prescribe, dispense and use generics. Criticisms of the efficacy or quality of generics are often unfounded and sometimes deliberately orchestrated. Smear campaigns conducted by drug companies that market originator drugs, and also by some healthcare professionals, sow confusion, to the detriment of generic use. There is no tangible proof that generics are less safe than originator drugs, provided they are chosen wisely, taking into account factors such as their packaging quality. It is up to healthcare professionals to decide

  4. 28 CFR 55.21 - Record keeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... RIGHTS ACT REGARDING LANGUAGE MINORITY GROUPS Minority Language Materials and Assistance § 55.21 Record keeping. The Attorney General's implementation of the Act's provisions concerning language minority...

  5. 28 CFR 55.21 - Record keeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... RIGHTS ACT REGARDING LANGUAGE MINORITY GROUPS Minority Language Materials and Assistance § 55.21 Record keeping. The Attorney General's implementation of the Act's provisions concerning language minority...

  6. 28 CFR 55.21 - Record keeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... RIGHTS ACT REGARDING LANGUAGE MINORITY GROUPS Minority Language Materials and Assistance § 55.21 Record keeping. The Attorney General's implementation of the Act's provisions concerning language minority...

  7. 28 CFR 55.21 - Record keeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... RIGHTS ACT REGARDING LANGUAGE MINORITY GROUPS Minority Language Materials and Assistance § 55.21 Record keeping. The Attorney General's implementation of the Act's provisions concerning language minority...

  8. 28 CFR 55.21 - Record keeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... RIGHTS ACT REGARDING LANGUAGE MINORITY GROUPS Minority Language Materials and Assistance § 55.21 Record keeping. The Attorney General's implementation of the Act's provisions concerning language minority...

  9. Negative ion generator

    DOEpatents

    Stinnett, R.W.

    1984-05-08

    A negative ion generator is formed from a magnetically insulated transmission line having a coating of graphite on the cathode for producing negative ions and a plurality of apertures on the opposed anode for the release of negative ions. Magnetic insulation keeps electrons from flowing from the cathode to the anode. A transverse magnetic field removes electrons which do escape through the apertures from the trajectory of the negative ions. 8 figs.

  10. Negative ion generator

    DOEpatents

    Stinnett, Regan W.

    1984-01-01

    A negative ion generator is formed from a magnetically insulated transmission line having a coating of graphite on the cathode for producing negative ions and a plurality of apertures on the opposed anode for the release of negative ions. Magnetic insulation keeps electrons from flowing from the cathode to the anode. A transverse magnetic field removes electrons which do escape through the apertures from the trajectory of the negative ions.

  11. Keeping Cool in Extreme Heat

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    Through a partnership with Unitika Ltd., NASA's Langley Research Center created a foam based on high temperature resistant polyimide chemistry. Licensed non-exclusively to SORDAL, Inc., the low-density foam, named TEEK, can be processed into forms or used to fill structures such as honeycomb. TEEK offers superior insulation and support qualities, with heat and flame resistance abilities.TEEK is a practical selection for hull insulation in the shipbuilding industry, with numerous potential applications in aerospace applications, fire-resistant construction materials, and a wide range of consumer products that will improve safety and energy efficiency. Other opportunities are available in the areas of automotive coatings and sealants, electrical components, and recreational equipment. SORDAL has introduced its new product in several different forms, under the name "SOLREX". The company is developing a new product called SORDAL Paper(TM) that will be used in conjunction with the polyimide foam to offer thermal protection in various products, such as fire resistant garments and prosthetics.

  12. Instructional Note: On Keeping an Academic Journal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gee, Michael A.

    2004-01-01

    In this article, the author describes how keeping an academic journal has helped him to become a more insightful and relentless evaluator of his teaching expertise, and to acquire an academic conscience. The keeping of such an journal can inspire teachers to continually evaluate unrehearsed events and can help them get down to the true heart of…

  13. Keeping Noise Down on the Farm

    MedlinePlus

    Jump to Content U.S. Department of Health & Human Services National Institutes of Health National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders You are here Home > Parents > What Parents Can Do > Keeping Noise Down on the Farm Keeping Noise Down on the Farm SHARE ...

  14. 17 CFR 250.93 - Accounts and records of mutual and subsidiary service companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... subsidiary service companies. Every mutual service company and every company whose organization and conduct... prescribed in 17 CFR part 257, and shall keep no other records with respect to the same subject matter except... accounts which are not inconsistent with the accounts required by the Uniform System of Accounts (17...

  15. Essentials for Keeping Kids Safe This Summer

    MedlinePlus

    ... medlineplus/news/fullstory_159318.html Essentials for Keeping Kids Safe This Summer Expert shares tips for injury- ... pediatric expert says. "We see a lot of kids in the emergency department during the summer with ...

  16. Prevent Diabetes Problems: Keep Your Kidneys Healthy

    MedlinePlus

    ... Fund National Kidney Foundation American Diabetes Association JDRF Diabetes Disease Organizations Many organizations provide support to patients ... PDF, 293 KB). Alternate Language URL Español Prevent diabetes problems: Keep your kidneys healthy Page Content On ...

  17. Prevent Diabetes Problems: Keep Your Mouth Healthy

    MedlinePlus

    ... Dental and Craniofacial Research American Diabetes Association JDRF Diabetes Disease Organizations Many organizations provide support to patients ... PDF, 293 KB). Alternate Language URL Español Prevent diabetes problems: Keep your mouth healthy Page Content On ...

  18. Prevent Diabetes Problems: Keep Your Feet Healthy

    MedlinePlus

    ... Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases American Diabetes Association JDRF Diabetes Disease Organizations Many organizations provide support to patients ... PDF, 293 KB). Alternate Language URL Español Prevent diabetes problems: Keep your feet healthy Page Content On ...

  19. Course-keeping control of underactuated hovercraft

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Han, Bing; Zhao, Guo-Liang

    2004-06-01

    The course-keeping control of underactuated hovercraft with two aft propellers was considered. The control of the heading error and cross-track error was accomplished by the yaw torque merely in this case. The hovercraft dynamic model is nonlinear and underactuated. At first the Controllability of course-keeping control for hovercraft was proved, then a course-keeping control law was derived that keeps hovercraft heading constant as well as minimizes the lateral movement of hovercraft. The proposed law guarantees heading error and sway error all converge to zero exponentially. Simulation tests were carried out to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed control law. For further research, the disturbance influence would be considered in the dynamic equations.

  20. Dementia - keeping safe in the home

    MedlinePlus

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000031.htm Dementia - keeping safe in the home To use the ... make sure the homes of people who have dementia are safe for them. Safety Tips for the ...

  1. Blood Pressure Matters: Keep Hypertension in Check

    MedlinePlus

    ... Early diagnosis and simple, healthy changes can keep high blood pressure from seriously damaging your health. Normal blood flow delivers nutrients and oxygen to all parts of your body, including important ...

  2. James Webb Space Telescope Station-keeping

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Beckman, Mark

    2003-01-01

    The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is planned to be launched in 2011 to the Sun- Earth L2 libration point. The resultant delta-Vs (dV) from momentum unloads will perturb the orbit and necessitate frequent station-keeping maneuvers. The station-keeping dV budget is highly sensitive to the direction of the resultant dV vector. A simple spacecraft reorientation prior to each momentum unload will allow some control over the direction of the resultant dV vector. For each inertial momentum vector direction, an optimum spacecraft attitude is determined which gives a resultant dV vector that requires the least amount of station-keeping dV. Using this procedure, the station-keeping dV budget for JWST can be reduced by 60%.

  3. Bottled Water Everywhere: Keeping it Safe

    MedlinePlus

    ... For Consumers Home For Consumers Consumer Updates Bottled Water Everywhere: Keeping it Safe Share Tweet Linkedin Pin ... sanitary conditions back to top Types of Bottled Water FDA describes bottled water as water that’s intended ...

  4. Why Are They Keeping Their Babies?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friedman, Helen L.

    1975-01-01

    This article investigates the reasons why young single girls are keeping their babies far more often than they did a few years ago, and the role of the helping professions in dealing with these young mothers. (BW)

  5. Keep Listeria Out of Your Kitchen

    MedlinePlus

    ... For Consumers Home For Consumers Consumer Updates Keep Listeria Out of Your Kitchen Share Tweet Linkedin Pin ... Updates by E-mail Consumer Updates RSS Feed Listeria Podcast Download PDF (236 K) En Español On ...

  6. How to Keep Your Sight for Life

    MedlinePlus

    ... Feature: Vision How to Keep Your Sight for Life Past Issues / Summer 2008 Table of Contents For ... would have the greatest impact on their daily life, according to a recent survey by the NIH's ...

  7. How to Keep Your Sight for Life

    MedlinePlus

    ... Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Feature: Vision How to Keep Your Sight for Life Past ... protecting your eyes at all ages. 20/20 vision does not necessarily mean perfect vision. Overall visual ...

  8. 36 CFR 8.7 - Record keeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... shall for a period of 3 years keep records of the name, age, address, and occupation of each of their... each work week by each employee and such other information concerning employees as the Director...

  9. 36 CFR 8.7 - Record keeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... shall for a period of 3 years keep records of the name, age, address, and occupation of each of their... each work week by each employee and such other information concerning employees as the Director...

  10. Understanding the Code: keeping accurate records.

    PubMed

    Griffith, Richard

    2015-10-01

    In his continuing series looking at the legal and professional implications of the Nursing and Midwifery Council's revised Code of Conduct, Richard Griffith discusses the elements of accurate record keeping under Standard 10 of the Code. This article considers the importance of accurate record keeping for the safety of patients and protection of district nurses. The legal implications of records are explained along with how district nurses should write records to ensure these legal requirements are met. PMID:26418404

  11. How to keep up with medical literature.

    PubMed

    Bartels, Else Marie

    2009-04-01

    All medical practice and research should aim to be evidence based, as far as this is possible. The first step to achieve this is to keep up with what is already known. With medical knowledge growing constantly, it has become necessary to possess a high level of information literacy to be able to keep up with the literature. Furthermore, as patients can now search for information on the internet, clinicians must be able to respond to this type of information in a professional way when needed. Here, the development of viable search strategies for journal articles, books, book chapters and similar sources, selection of appropriate databases, search tools and selection methods are described and illustrated with examples from rheumatology. Further, the up-keep of skills over time, and the acquisition of literature just in time, are discussed. PMID:19393571

  12. Microcomputer for controlled substance record keeping.

    PubMed

    Stein, R L; Motta, L J; Yee, A D

    1984-01-01

    The use of a microcomputer to maintain controlled substance inventory and record keeping is described. The system maintains perpetual inventories of the central narcotic vault and proof-of-use controlled drug records outstanding at nursing stations. The computerized system has eliminated (1) the delay previously encountered in the posting of transactions from the numeric log to perpetual inventory logs and (2) the potential addition and subtraction errors inherent in a manual system. Computerizing the controlled drug record-keeping system has saved approximately 166 minutes of labor per day, a cost savings of approximately $26. The new system also helps prevent diversion of controlled substances. The computer may also be used for other tasks while not running the controlled substance program. A microcomputer is well suited to the task of controlled-substance record-keeping functions, and the cost of the system (less than $4000) can be quickly recouped in labor savings. PMID:6695929

  13. Keeping a Journal: A Path to Uncovering Identity (and Keeping Your Sanity)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Joanne E.

    2013-01-01

    A journal can help keep a person more organized, clarify their identity, and help them grapple with them own sense of belonging in the often bewildering world of academe. In this article, the author discusses: (1) the benefits and uses of keeping a journal; (2) Techniques for writing in a journal; and (3) Drawbacks of journal writing.

  14. Extraction of urea and ammonium ion

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Anselmi, R. T.; Husted, R. R.; Schulz, J. R.

    1977-01-01

    Water purification system keeps urea and ammonium ion concentration below toxic limits in recirculated water of closed loop aquatic habitat. Urea is first converted to ammonium ions and carbon dioxide by enzygmatic action. Ammonium ions are removed by ion exchange. Bioburden is controlled by filtration through 0.45 micron millipore filters.

  15. Web Tools: Keeping Learners on Pace

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kosloski, Mickey

    2016-01-01

    One of the greatest challenges in teaching technology and engineering is pacing. Some students grasp new technological concepts quickly, while others need repetition and may struggle to keep pace. This poses an obstacle for the technology and engineering teacher, and is particularly true when teaching students to build a website. However, there…

  16. Catching (and Keeping!) E-Patrons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Puacz, Jeanne Holba

    2002-01-01

    Based on experiences of the Vigo County Public Library in Terre Haute, Indiana, this article outlines ways libraries can attract patrons to their Web sites and features that can keep them returning. Discusses marketing and publicity; basic content and special sources and services; attractive and easy-to-use site design; good Web site maintenance;…

  17. Keeping Marriages Strong in Challenging Times

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ober, Marci Wolff

    2009-01-01

    What makes a strong marriage anyway...? There are definite qualities that exist in healthy marriages, that is, a marriage that is defined by both partners to be "mostly" or "usually" very satisfying. This article explores these qualities and looks at what really works to make and keep marriages strong, healthy, and satisfying for a lifetime. It…

  18. Keeping Score on Alcohol: Millennium Hangover.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drug Strategies, Washington, DC.

    This report is issued by Drug Strategies, a non-profit research institute that promotes more effective approaches to the nation's drug problems and supports private and public initiatives that reduce the demand for drugs through prevention, treatment, and law enforcement. Drug Strategies prepares "Keeping Score" annually to capture the dimensions…

  19. Simple Steps Can Keep Lawn Mowing Safe

    MedlinePlus

    ... FAQs Contact Us Health Topics Drugs & Supplements Videos & Tools Español You Are Here: Home → Latest Health News → Article URL of this page: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_158341.html Simple Steps Can Keep Lawn Mowing Safe Before cutting the grass, review these safety tips To use ...

  20. Keeping Rural Schools up to Full Speed

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beesley, Andrea

    2011-01-01

    Rural schools are long accustomed to meeting challenges in innovative ways. For them, the challenge is not so much a lack of technology as it is adequate internet access, which affects both teachers and students. In this article, the author discusses how to keep rural schools up to full speed. The author suggests that the best approach when…

  1. Keep Kids Alcohol Free: Strategies for Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wendehack, Mary, Ed.; Green, Patricia, Ed.

    This guide was produced by the Leadership To Keep Children Alcohol Free, a coalition of governors' spouses, federal agencies, and public and private organizations which aims to alert the nation of and mobilize action to prevent this critical public health problem. It is the only national effort that focuses on this age group. The guide is an…

  2. Keep up with a Good Book

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texley, Juliana

    2008-01-01

    Summer is a time for personal enrichment for teachers. Many travel, take formal classes, or work as interns or volunteers in scientific endeavors. But whatever the schedule, it's also a time for teachers to get back to basics. Instead of being forced to keep one step ahead of the textbook, teachers find that summer provides opportunities to catch…

  3. Personal Record Keeping. The CIRcular: Consumer Information Report 21.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bank of America NT & SA, San Francisco, CA.

    This report explains the importance of keeping personal records, describes types of records to keep, and suggests places in which to keep them and ways to organize them. Guidelines are offered for keeping the following types of records: (1) personal documents (family records, wills, passports, diplomas, and social security cards); (2) property…

  4. Section 1: Company directory

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-12-01

    This is a 1992 directory of those companies doing business in all areas of the independent power producers industry. The listing includes the company name, address, telephone and FAX numbers, and the name of a company contact. The listing is international in scope.

  5. Make your company a talent factory.

    PubMed

    Ready, Douglas A; Conger, Jay A

    2007-06-01

    Despite the great sums of money companies dedicate to talent management systems, many still struggle to fill key positions - limiting their potential for growth in the process. Virtually all the human resource executives in the authors' 2005 survey of 40 companies around the world said that their pipeline of high-potential employees was insufficient to fill strategic management roles. The survey revealed two primary reasons for this. First, the formal procedures for identifying and developing next-generation leaders have fallen out of sync with what companies need to grow or expand into new markets. To save money, for example, some firms have eliminated positions that would expose high-potential employees to a broad range of problems, thus sacrificing future development opportunities that would far outweigh any initial savings from the job cuts. Second, HR executives often have trouble keeping top leaders' attention on talent issues, despite those leaders' vigorous assertions that obtaining and keeping the best people is a major priority. If passion for that objective doesn't start at the top and infuse the culture, say the authors, talent management can easily deteriorate into the management of bureaucratic routines. Yet there are companies that can face the future with confidence. These firms don't just manage talent, they build talent factories. The authors describe the experiences of two such corporations - consumer products icon Procter & Gamble and financial services giant HSBC Group -that figured out how to develop and retain key employees and fill positions quickly to meet evolving business needs. Though each company approached talent management from a different direction, they both maintained a twin focus on functionality (rigorous talent processes that support strategic and cultural objectives) and vitality (management's emotional commitment, which is reflected in daily actions). PMID:17580649

  6. Telling Ideas by the Company They Keep: A Response to the Critique by Mary Juzwik

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sfard, Anna

    2006-01-01

    In a number of personal communications and now in her article in "Educational Researcher", Mary Juzwik repeatedly observes that some elaborations may be needed for fuller understanding of the notion of "identity-as-narrative", introduced in the article this author co-wrote with Anna Prusak "Telling Identities: In Search of an Analytic Tool for…

  7. Judging Words by Their Covers and the Company They Keep: Probabilistic Cues Support Word Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lany, Jill

    2014-01-01

    Statistical learning may be central to lexical and grammatical development. The phonological and distributional properties of words provide probabilistic cues to their grammatical and semantic properties. Infants can capitalize on such probabilistic cues to learn grammatical patterns in listening tasks. However, infants often struggle to learn…

  8. NASA Helps Keep the Light Burning for the Saturn Car Company

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2003-01-01

    The Saturn Electronics & Engineering, Inc. (Saturn) facility in Marks, Miss., that produces lamp assemblies was experiencing itermittent problems with its automotive under the hood lamps. After numerous testing and engineering efforts, technicians could not pin down the root of the problem. So Saturn contacted the NASA Technology Assistance Program (TAP) at Stennis Space Center. The Marks production facility had been experiencing intermittent problems with under the hood lamp assemblies for some time. The failure rate, at 2 percent, was unacceptable. Every effort was made to identify the problem so that corrective action could be put in place. The problem was investigated and researched by Saturn's engineering department. In addition, Saturn brought in several independent testing laboratories. Other measures included examining the switch component suppliers and auditing them for compliance to the design specifications and for surface contaminants. All attempts to identify the factors responsible for the failures were inconclusive. In an effort to get to the root of the problem, and at the recommendation of the Mississippi Department of Economic Development, Saturn contacted the NASA TAP at Stennis. The NASA Materials and Contamination Laboratory, with assistance from the Stennis Prototype Laboratory, conducted a materials evaluation study on the switch components. The laboratory findings showed the failures were caused by a build-up of carbon-based contaminants on the switch components. Saturn Electronics & Engineering, Inc., is a minority-owned provider of contract manufacturing services to a diverse global marketplace. Saturn operates manufacturing facilities globally serving the North American, European, and Asian markets. Saturn's production facility in Marks, Mississippi, produces more than 1,000,000 lamps and switches monthly. "Since the NASA recommendations were implemented, our internal failure rate for intermittency has dropped to less than .02 percent. Most importantly, we restored our high-level of customer satisfaction. Stennis provided an invaluable service to our business," Patrick said. Both NASA and Saturn were pleased with the results form this technical assistance project. The Technology Assistance Program at Stennis makes available to the public NASA technical expertise and access to lab facilities. This project provided both services with a positive outcome.

  9. Being Known by the Company We Keep: The Contagion of First Impressions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryan, James H.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    A study was conducted to replicate previous findings concerning naive judges' negative immediate impressions of learning disabled children. Results indicated that while second grade learning disabled boys were judged as at least as adaptable as and less hostile than nonlearning disabled children, the opposite results were obtained with fourth…

  10. Medical records and record-keeping standards.

    PubMed

    Carpenter, Iain; Ram, Mala Bridgelal; Croft, Giles P; Williams, John G

    2007-08-01

    The structure of medical records becomes ever more critical with the advent of electronic records. The Health Informatics Unit (HIU) of the Royal College of Physicians has two work streams in this area. The Records Standards programme is developing generic standards for all entries into medical notes and standards for the content of admission, handover and discharge records. The Information Laboratory (iLab) focuses on hospital episode statistics and their use for monitoring clinician performance. Clinician endorsement of the work is achieved through extensive consultations. Generic medical record-keeping standards are now available. PMID:17882846

  11. Keep Your Vision Healthy: Learn About Comprehensive Dilated Eye Exams

    MedlinePlus

    ... please review our exit disclaimer . Subscribe Keep Your Vision Healthy Learn About Comprehensive Dilated Eye Exams People ... should have their eyesight tested to keep their vision at its best. Children usually have vision screening ...

  12. Tips From School Nurses on Keeping Kids Healthy

    MedlinePlus

    ... Things to Know About Zika & Pregnancy Tips From School Nurses on Keeping Kids Healthy KidsHealth > For Parents > Tips ... when they're sick . Keep Sick Students Home, School Nurses Say When asked, "What's the biggest health problem ...

  13. Hearing Aids May Help Keep Seniors' Minds Sharp

    MedlinePlus

    ... nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_158532.html Hearing Aids May Help Keep Seniors' Minds Sharp Ability to ... people with hearing loss. "We know that hearing aids can keep older adults with hearing loss more ...

  14. Keeping Your Sex Life Going Despite Cancer Treatment

    MedlinePlus

    ... how you might handle those issues. Keep in mind that, no matter what kind of cancer treatment ... sexuality have changed. Try to keep an open mind about ways to feel sexual pleasure. Some couples ...

  15. You Can Help Keep the Air Cleaner -- Every Day

    MedlinePlus

    ... Can Help Keep the Air Cleaner -- Every Day! Air pollution can affect your health and the environment. There ... every one of us can take to reduce air pollution and keep the air cleaner, and precautionary measures ...

  16. Hearing Aids May Help Keep Seniors' Minds Sharp

    MedlinePlus

    ... https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_158532.html Hearing Aids May Help Keep Seniors' Minds Sharp Ability to ... people with hearing loss. "We know that hearing aids can keep older adults with hearing loss more ...

  17. "Keep the Beat": Healthy Blood Pressure Helps Prevent Heart Disease

    MedlinePlus

    ... Pressure "Keep the Beat": Healthy Blood Pressure Helps Prevent Heart Disease Past Issues / Winter 2010 Table of ... Articles "Keep the Beat": Healthy Blood Pressure Helps Prevent Heart Disease / Women and Heart Disease / Blood Pressure ...

  18. Keep Your Mouth Healthy: Oral Care for Older Adults

    MedlinePlus

    ... please review our exit disclaimer . Subscribe Keep Your Mouth Healthy Oral Care for Older Adults Oral health ... decay. You can take steps to keep your mouth healthy throughout your lifetime. And if you’re ...

  19. Ion plating technique improves thin film deposition

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mattox, D. M.

    1968-01-01

    Ion plating technique keeps the substrate surface clean until the film is deposited, allows extensive diffusion and chemical reaction, and joins insoluble or incompatible materials. The technique involves the deposition of ions on the substrate surface while it is being bombarded with inert gas ions.

  20. Keeping Cool With Solar-Powered Refrigeration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2003-01-01

    In the midst of developing battery-free, solar-powered refrigeration and air conditioning systems for habitats in space, David Bergeron, the team leader for NASA's Advanced Refrigerator Technology Team at Johnson Space Center, acknowledged the need for a comparable solar refrigerator that could operate in conjunction with the simple lighting systems already in place on Earth. Bergeron, a 20-year veteran in the aerospace industry, founded the company Solus Refrigeration, Inc., in 1999 to take the patented advanced refrigeration technology he co-developed with his teammate, Johnson engineer Michael Ewert, to commercial markets. Now known as SunDanzer Refrigeration, Inc., Bergeron's company is producing battery-free, photovoltaic (PV) refrigeration systems under license to NASA, and selling them globally.

  1. Keeping adolescents busy with extracurricular activities.

    PubMed

    Kao, Tsui-Sui Annie; Salerno, Jennifer

    2014-02-01

    Adolescent participation in academic/extracurricular activities is related to fewer diagnoses of sexually transmitted infections during adolescence. The role parents play in motivating participation in such activities is unclear. This mixed-methods study explored parental influences on academic/extracurricular activity participation, and the relationship of such participation to adolescents' future aspirations and sexual behavior, over a 4-year period. We utilized semistructured interviews with 28 White and Asian American adolescents (age 17-19) and event history calendar self-reports of activities, part-time jobs, and sexual behaviors. Data triangulation was used to integrate qualitative and quantitative data. Increased participation was correlated with abstinence and later sexual onset. Many adolescents reported that parents were reluctant to talk with them about sexual risks and instead preferred to keep them busy and ensure that they had the "right" friends. Adolescents endorsed the parental strategy of keeping them busy with activities. Findings and implications for school nursing practice are discussed. PMID:23651633

  2. Kill a brand, keep a customer.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Nirmalya

    2003-12-01

    Most brands don't make much money. Year after year, businesses generate 80% to 90% of their profits from less than 20% of their brands. Yet most companies tend to ignore loss-making brands, unaware of the hidden costs they incur. That's because executives believe it's easy to erase a brand; they have only to stop investing in it, they assume, and it will die a natural death. But they're wrong. When companies drop brands clumsily, they antagonize loyal customers: Research shows that seven times out of eight, when firms merge two brands, the market share of the new brand never reaches the combined share of the two original ones. It doesn't have to be that way. Smart companies use a four-step process to kill brands methodically. First, CEOs make the case for rationalization by getting groups of senior executives to conduct joint audits of the brand portfolio. These audits make the need to prune brands apparent throughout the organization. In the next stage, executives need to decide how many brands will be retained, which they do either by setting broad parameters that all brands must meet or by identifying the brands they need in order to cater to all the customer segments in their markets. Third, executives must dispose of the brands they've decided to drop, deciding in each case whether it is appropriate to merge, sell, milk, or just eliminate the brand outright. Finally, it's critical that executives invest the resources they've freed to grow the brands they've retained. Done right, dropping brands will result in a company poised for new growth from the source where it's likely to be found--its profitable brands. PMID:14712547

  3. 7 CFR 58.530 - Keeping quality requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Keeping quality requirements. 58.530 Section 58.530 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Cheese Bearing Usda Official Identification § 58.530 Keeping quality requirements. Keeping...

  4. 40 CFR 63.7555 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... to be solid waste pursuant to § 41.3(b)(1), you must keep a record which documents how the secondary... non-waste determination pursuant to the petition process submitted under § 241.3(c), you must keep a... energy conservation measures to demonstrate compliance according to § 63.7533, you must keep a copy...

  5. Companies as Business Laboratories.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rebernik, Miroslav

    2002-01-01

    Describes a business education program whose underlying philosophy is that business education for students who will be employed by smaller companies which feature de-specialization of job tasks, resource poverty, and self-employment must be different from business education for larger companies. (EV)

  6. Keep children away from macaque monkeys!

    PubMed

    Bréhin, Camille; Debuisson, Cécile; Mansuy, Jean-Michel; Niphuis, Henk; Buitendijk, Hester; Mengelle, Catherine; Grouteau, Erick; Claudet, Isabelle

    2016-03-01

    To warn physicians and parents about the risk of macaque bites, we present two pediatric cases (a 4-year-old boy and a 10-year-old girl) of bites sustained while on holiday. The young boy developed febrile dermohypodermitis and was hospitalized for IV antibiotic treatment. He received an initial antirabies vaccine while still in the holiday destination. Except for local wound disinfection and antibiotic ointment, the girl did not receive any specific treatment while abroad. Both were negative for simian herpes PCR. When travelling in countries or cities with endemic simian herpes virus, parents should keep children away from monkeys. Travel agencies, pediatricians and family physicians should better inform families about the zoonotic risk. PMID:26984356

  7. The mortality of companies.

    PubMed

    Daepp, Madeleine I G; Hamilton, Marcus J; West, Geoffrey B; Bettencourt, Luís M A

    2015-05-01

    The firm is a fundamental economic unit of contemporary human societies. Studies on the general quantitative and statistical character of firms have produced mixed results regarding their lifespans and mortality. We examine a comprehensive database of more than 25 000 publicly traded North American companies, from 1950 to 2009, to derive the statistics of firm lifespans. Based on detailed survival analysis, we show that the mortality of publicly traded companies manifests an approximately constant hazard rate over long periods of observation. This regularity indicates that mortality rates are independent of a company's age. We show that the typical half-life of a publicly traded company is about a decade, regardless of business sector. Our results shed new light on the dynamics of births and deaths of publicly traded companies and identify some of the necessary ingredients of a general theory of firms. PMID:25833247

  8. The mortality of companies

    PubMed Central

    Daepp, Madeleine I. G.; Hamilton, Marcus J.; West, Geoffrey B.; Bettencourt, Luís M. A.

    2015-01-01

    The firm is a fundamental economic unit of contemporary human societies. Studies on the general quantitative and statistical character of firms have produced mixed results regarding their lifespans and mortality. We examine a comprehensive database of more than 25 000 publicly traded North American companies, from 1950 to 2009, to derive the statistics of firm lifespans. Based on detailed survival analysis, we show that the mortality of publicly traded companies manifests an approximately constant hazard rate over long periods of observation. This regularity indicates that mortality rates are independent of a company's age. We show that the typical half-life of a publicly traded company is about a decade, regardless of business sector. Our results shed new light on the dynamics of births and deaths of publicly traded companies and identify some of the necessary ingredients of a general theory of firms. PMID:25833247

  9. Orbital station-keeping for multiple spacecraft interferometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Decou, Anthony B.

    1991-09-01

    This paper presents a three-satellite station-keeping strategy that is applicable to very long (1-100 km) baseline optical interferometry in space using the 'free-flyer' approach. The relative positions of the satellites in an arbitrarily oriented inertial coordinate system are described parametrically, and the continuous thrust vectors required to follow the paths are derived. The paths, which are constrained to be in the U-V plane of an astronomical source (a plane perpendicular to the direction of the source), are always chosen to maximize the use of gravity gradient forces and minimize the use of thrusting which can easily be provided by ion thrusters. Two different thrust programs are presented. One allows the interferometer to take data over an elliptic-shaped area of the U-V plane of arbitrary size for astronomical sources in any direction except close to the orbit plane of the system. The second thrust program reorients the U-V plane from one arbitrary source direction to another.

  10. Orbital station-keeping for multiple spacecraft interferometry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Decou, Anthony B.

    1991-01-01

    This paper presents a three-satellite station-keeping strategy that is applicable to very long (1-100 km) baseline optical interferometry in space using the 'free-flyer' approach. The relative positions of the satellites in an arbitrarily oriented inertial coordinate system are described parametrically, and the continuous thrust vectors required to follow the paths are derived. The paths, which are constrained to be in the U-V plane of an astronomical source (a plane perpendicular to the direction of the source), are always chosen to maximize the use of gravity gradient forces and minimize the use of thrusting which can easily be provided by ion thrusters. Two different thrust programs are presented. One allows the interferometer to take data over an elliptic-shaped area of the U-V plane of arbitrary size for astronomical sources in any direction except close to the orbit plane of the system. The second thrust program reorients the U-V plane from one arbitrary source direction to another.

  11. Station keeping strategy for multiple spacecraft interferometry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Decou, Anthony B.

    1991-01-01

    The feasibility of multiple spacecraft stationkeeping for submillimeter and optical interferometry is examined. A condition for interferometry is that two or more spacecraft must control their relative positions with better than 1 mn accuracy indefinitely in both radial and transverse directions although separated by as much as 1 Km in LEO and 100 Km in GEO. They must also maneuver through a useful area of the U-V plane of an arbitrary astronomical source. The problem is first outlined and a solution which utilizes gravity gradient forces to do most of the work and ion thrusters for additional maneuvering is proposed. All the perturbing forces are shown to be small compared to the ion thruster requirements. An inertial position and attitude control strategy is suggested which utilizes existing or soon to be available sensors and actuators. Finally, the fuel and power system mass requirements are estimated and found to be within reason for a 10 year mission.

  12. 78 FR 11638 - Michigan Consolidated Gas Company, DTE Gas Company, DTE Gas Company; Notice of Petition

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-19

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Michigan Consolidated Gas Company, DTE Gas Company, DTE Gas Company; Notice... Docket Nos. PR13-29-000, and PR13-30-000 (not consolidated), Michigan Consolidated Gas Company (MichCon) and DTE Gas Company (DTE Gas) filed to institute a name change to both itself from MichCon to DTE...

  13. Towards better counselling. Keeping confidences. Training activities.

    PubMed

    1996-01-01

    Presented are two training exercises for health personnel who counsel individuals about the results of blood tests for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The first exercise is preceded by remarks on the importance of trust and confidentiality in the clinical encounter. Then, participants are divided into pairs and instructed to think of a person they trust and to list 10 characteristics of that person. These attributes are compiled for the entire group. Next, small groups of 3-4 participants discuss the following questions: What do you need to say and do when you are counseling someone to help them have confidence in you? What do you need to do to enable them to keep trusting you? What might happen when confidentiality is broken? What are the benefits of maintaining confidentiality? Finally, the small groups are given case scenarios of breaches of client confidentiality and asked to imagine both how they would feel in such a situation and how it could have been prevented. The second exercise seeks to increase counselors' understanding of clients' risk-taking behaviors and their ability to suspend personal judgment by having them describe incidents from their own lives when they took a risk related to sex, relationships, or money. PMID:12291931

  14. Keeping Things Interesting: A Reuse Case Study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Troisi, V.; Swick, R.; Seufert, E.

    2006-12-01

    Software reuse has several obvious advantages. By taking advantage of the experience and skill of colleagues one not only saves time, money and resources, but can also jump start a project that might otherwise have floundered from the start, or not even have been possible. One of the least talked about advantages of software reuse is it helps keep the work interesting for the developers. Reuse prevents developers from spending time and energy writing software solutions to problems that have already been solved, and frees them to concentrate on solving new problems, developing new components, and doing things that have never been done before. At the National Snow and Ice Data Center we are fortunate our user community has some unique needs that aren't met by mainstream solutions. Consequently we look for reuse opportunities wherever possible so we can focus on the tasks that add value for our user community. This poster offers a case study of one thread through a decade of reuse at NSIDC that has involved eight different development efforts to date.

  15. Biomedical journals: keeping up and reading critically.

    PubMed

    Chase, Karen L; DiGiacomo, Ronald F; Van Hoosier, Gerald L

    2006-09-01

    By extrapolation from studies of physicians, knowledge and practice of laboratory animal medicine and science are expected to become progressively more outdated the longer practitioners are out of school. Keeping up with current literature and practice is a challenge that necessitates the use of many different sources of continuing education. Both veterinarians and physicians consistently list journals as the most beneficial source of new information. Accordingly, they must select from the veterinary and biomedical literature articles that report original studies and systematic reviews and recognize and respond to valid new knowledge to improve diagnostic and therapeutic approaches and maintain consistent clinical skills. Other objectives include selecting journals for general information and for information relevant or specific to one's field of research. Lastly, candidates for board certification need to read articles from journals that potentially provide the basis for questions on the examination. 'High-impact' journals should be identified, and articles should be reviewed critically. In a survey of recent candidates for laboratory animal medicine board examination, these journals included Contemporary Topics (now JAALAS), Comparative Medicine, ILAR Journal, and Laboratory Animals. Strategies for coping with the challenge of staying current with the literature include wise use of technology, journal clubs, and consultation with colleagues. A laboratory animal practitioner can become a better scientist and clinician by evaluating the research performed by others. Thorough, critical review of biomedical literature is paramount to these goals. PMID:16995641

  16. The Telephone Company Agrees

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stokes, Rembert R.

    1975-01-01

    A representative of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company responds to a statement by the director of the National Institute for Rehabilitation Engineering on telephone communication systems for the hearing impaired. (GW)

  17. Prevalence of chronic kidney disease in the Kidney Early Evaluation Program (KEEP) México and comparison with KEEP US.

    PubMed

    Obrador, Gregorio T; García-García, Guillermo; Villa, Antonio R; Rubilar, Ximena; Olvera, Nadia; Ferreira, Evangelina; Virgen, Margarita; Gutiérrez-Padilla, José Alfonso; Plascencia-Alonso, Melissa; Mendoza-García, Martha; Plascencia-Pérez, Salvador

    2010-03-01

    The National Kidney Foundation Kidney Early Evaluation Program (KEEP) is a free community screening program aimed at early detection of kidney disease among high-risk individuals. A pilot phase of KEEP México began in 2008 in México City and Jalisco State. Adults with diabetes, hypertension, or family history of diabetes, hypertension, or chronic kidney disease (CKD) were invited to participate through advertising campaigns. All participants completed a questionnaire. Blood pressure, weight, and height were measured; blood and urine tests included albuminuria and serum creatinine to estimate glomerular filtration rate using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study equation. Mean age of KEEP México City and KEEP Jalisco participants was 46 and 53 years, respectively; >70% were women. CKD prevalence was 22% in KEEP México City and 33% in KEEP Jalisco, not significantly different from reported KEEP US prevalence of 26%. CKD stages 1 and 2 were more frequent in KEEP México and stage 3 in KEEP US. In KEEP México City, CKD prevalence was higher than the overall prevalence among participants with diabetes (38%) or diabetes and hypertension (42%). Most KEEP México participants were unaware of the CKD diagnosis, despite that 71% in KEEP México City had seen a doctor in the previous year. CKD is highly prevalent, underdiagnosed, and underrecognized among high-risk individuals in México. KEEP is an effective screening program that can successfully be adapted for use in México. PMID:20186176

  18. Design study of primary ion provider for relativistic heavy ion collider electron beam ion source.

    PubMed

    Kondo, K; Kanesue, T; Tamura, J; Okamura, M

    2010-02-01

    Brookhaven National Laboratory has developed the new preinjector system, electron beam ion source (EBIS) for relativistic heavy ion collider (RHIC) and National Aeronautics and Space Administration Space Radiation Laboratory. Design of primary ion provider is an essential problem since it is required to supply beams with different ion species to multiple users simultaneously. The laser ion source with a defocused laser can provide a low charge state and low emittance ion beam, and is a candidate for the primary ion source for RHIC-EBIS. We show a suitable design with appropriate drift length and solenoid, which helps to keep sufficient total charge number with longer pulse length. The whole design of primary ion source, as well as optics arrangement, solid targets configuration and heating about target, is presented. PMID:20192366

  19. Station-Keeping For COMS Satellite by Analytic Methods

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Young-Rok; Kim, Hae-Yeon; Park, Sang-Young; Lee, Byoung-Sun; Park, Jae Woo; Choi, Kyu-Hong

    2006-09-01

    In this paper, an automation algorithm of analyzing and scheduling the station-keeping maneuver is presented for Communication, Ocean and Meteorological Satellite (COMS). The perturbation analysis for keeping the position of the geostationary satellite is performed by analytic methods. The east/west and north/south station-keeping maneuvers are simulated for COMS. Weekly east/west and biweekly north/south station-keeping maneuvers are investigated for a period of one year. Various station-keeping orbital parameters are analyzed. As the position of COMS is not yet decided at either 128.2°E or 116.0°E, both cases are simulated. For the case of 128.2°E, east/west station-keeping requires Δ V of 3.50m/s and north/south station-keeping requires Δ V of 52.71m/s for the year 2009. For the case of 116.0°E, Δ V of 3.86m/s and Δ V of 52.71m/s are required for east/west and north/south station-keeping, respectively. The results show that the station-keeping maneuver of COMS is more effective at 128.2°E.

  20. Southern Company`s standby generator program

    SciTech Connect

    Swartz, S.

    1995-12-01

    Alabama Power Company (APCO) continues to look for ways to improve customer satisfaction and enact demand-side management programs. The decision was made to evaluate the availability of customer-owned generators in order to meet these objectives. The idea was to utilize customer-owed standby generators (SG) as we would a peaking plant and to pay the customer credits based on the cost of the construction of peaking capacity plants. It was felt that if APCO could utilize this capacity to offset the construction of peaking capacity, then these costs would be passed on to our customers.

  1. Ion source apparatus

    SciTech Connect

    Sugawara, T.; Ito, Y.

    1985-03-19

    A gas is introduced into a discharge chamber of an ion source apparatus, and a gas discharge is performed between a thermionic cathode and an anode. Ions are extracted from the plasma formed in this gas discharge by a grid electrode. The thermionic cathode has a hollow cylindrical shape. A cathode chamber is defined by the thermionic cathode and a cylindrical partition wall supporting it. A columnar auxiliary electrode is coaxially inserted in the thermionic cathode. An A.C. voltage from a power source unit is supplied between the thermionic cathode and the auxiliary electrode such that effective power for keeping the thermionic cathode at a positive potential with respect to the auxiliary electrode is higher than that for keeping the auxiliary electrode at a positive potential with respect to the thermionic cathode.

  2. The superefficient company.

    PubMed

    Hammer, M

    2001-09-01

    Most companies do a great job promoting efficiency within their own walls, streamlining internal processes wherever possible. But they have less success coordinating cross-company business interactions. When data pass between companies, inconsistencies, errors, and misunderstandings routinely arise, leading to wasted work--for instance, the same sales, order entry, and customer data may be entered repeatedly into different systems. Typically, scores of employees at each company manage these cumbersome interactions. The costs of such inefficiencies are very real and very large. In this article, Michael Hammer outlines the activities and goals used in streamlining cross-company processes. He breaks down the approach into four stages: scoping--identifying the business process for redesign and selecting a partner; organizing--establishing a joint committee to oversee the redesign and convening a design team to implement it; redesigning--taking apart and reassembling the process, with performance goals in mind; and implementing--rolling out the new process and communicating it across the collaborating companies. The author describes how several companies have streamlined their supply-chain and product development processes. Plastics compounder Geon integrated its forecasting and fulfillment processes with those of its main supplier after watching inventories, working capital, and shipping times creep up. General Mills coordinated the delivery of its yogurt with Land O'Lakes; butter and yogurt travel cost effectively in the same trucks to the same stores. Hammer says this new kind of collaboration promises to change the traditional vocabulary of corporate relationships. What if you and I sell different products to the same customer? We're not competitors, but what are we? In the past, we didn't care. Now, we should, the author says. PMID:11550633

  3. Keeping Track Every Step of the Way

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    Knowledge Sharing Systems, Inc., a producer of intellectual assets management software systems for the federal government, universities, non-profit laboratories, and private companies, constructed and presently manages the NASA Technology Tracking System, also known as TechTracS. Under contract to Langley Research Center, TechTracS identifies and captures all NASA technologies, manages the patent prosecution process, and then tracks their progress en route to commercialization. The system supports all steps involved in various technology transfer activities, and is considered the premier intellectual asset management system used in the federal government today. NASA TechTracS consists of multiple relational databases and web servers, located at each of the 10 field centers, as well as NASA Headquarters. The system is capable of supporting the following functions: planning commercial technologies; commercialization activities; reporting new technologies and inventions; and processing and tracking intellectual property rights, licensing, partnerships, awards, and success stories. NASA TechTracS is critical to the Agency's ongoing mission to commercialize its revolutionary technologies in a variety of sectors within private industry, both aerospace and non- aerospace.

  4. [Keeping dogs indoor aggravates infantile atopic dermatitis].

    PubMed

    Endo, K; Hizawa, T; Fukuzumi, T; Kataoka, Y

    1999-12-01

    We had a two-month-old girl with severe dermatitis since birth. Her serum RAST to HD, Df and Dp were 1.06, 0.03 and 0.01 Ua/ml respectively. A Yorkshire terrier were kept at her mother's parents' home where the patient had lived for a month since birth. Her eczema, which became markedly aggravated whenever she visited there, improved after the elimination of the dog. We investigated the relationship between keeping dogs and infantile atopic dermatitis. We studied 368 patients under the age of two years (211 boys and 157 girls). Skin symptoms were graded globally mild, moderate or severe. Total serum IgE and specific antibody titer to dog dander were measured. We asked them whether they kept dogs and specifically, where they kept dogs, outdoor, indoor, in their own house, or in their grandparents' house. 197 patients had no contact with dogs, 90 patients kept dogs outdoor and 81 patients did indoor. The positive rate of RAST (> or = 0.7 Ua/ml) to dog dander was 6.1%, 17.8% and 46.9% respectively in these three groups. There were strong statistical differences between three groups. On the other hand, among the 81 patients who kept indoor, the RAST positive rates were almost same regarding where the dogs were kept, in their own house or their grandparents' house. Interestingly this difference happens only with patients under the age of 3 months. Patients older than 4 months showed no significant differences in the positive RAST rates, whether they kept dogs indoor or outdoor. This suggests the sensitization occurs before the age of 3 months. Speaking of symptoms, patients who kept dogs indoor showed significantly more severe symptoms than patients who had no contact with dogs and patients who kept dogs outdoor. There was no significant difference between the symptoms of patients who had no contact with dogs and those of patients who kept dogs outdoor. This implies the patient's symptom will improve only by moving the dog out of the house. PMID:10666918

  5. Keeping Spirits High: Renewing Our Commitment to Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amundson, Kristen

    This booklet is a tool to help teachers find ways to keep their commitment to education strong. It shares success stories of educators who have kept their professional dedication alive, despite day-to-day hassles and significant obstacles. It also outlines steps teachers can take to keep their energy levels high. In each section space is provided…

  6. 22 CFR 507.8 - Recording keeping of closed meetings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Recording keeping of closed meetings. 507.8 Section 507.8 Foreign Relations BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS RULES FOR IMPLEMENTING OPEN MEETINGS UNDER THE SUNSHINE ACT FOR THE BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS § 507.8 Recording keeping of closed...

  7. Exercises for Keeping Pianists' Hands in Top Form

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perlmutter, Adam

    2009-01-01

    Some pianists have idiosyncratic ways of keeping their hands and fingers relaxed. Glenn Gould, for example, religiously soaked his digits in hot water before performing or recording. While the jury is still out on the effectiveness of Gould's routine, there are plenty of other exercises and practices that will keep a pianist's fingers limber.…

  8. 40 CFR 86.1925 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... relevant calibration results required by 40 CFR part 1065. ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What records must I keep? 86.1925...-Run In-Use Testing Program for Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines § 86.1925 What records must I keep?...

  9. 40 CFR 86.1925 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... calibration results required by 40 CFR part 1065. ... 40 Protection of Environment 19 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What records must I keep? 86.1925... Testing Program for Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines § 86.1925 What records must I keep? (a) Organize...

  10. 40 CFR 60.2949 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What records must I keep? 60.2949... Recordkeeping and Reporting § 60.2949 What records must I keep? You must maintain the 15 items (as applicable... devices required under § 60.2944. (i) The results of the initial, annual, and any subsequent...

  11. 40 CFR 60.3046 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What records must I keep? 60.3046... Rule-Recordkeeping and Reporting § 60.3046 What records must I keep? You must maintain the 14 items (as... devices required under § 60.3043. (i) The results of the initial, annual, and any subsequent...

  12. 40 CFR 86.1925 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... relevant calibration results required by 40 CFR part 1065. ... 40 Protection of Environment 19 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What records must I keep? 86.1925...-Run In-Use Testing Program for Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines § 86.1925 What records must I keep?...

  13. 40 CFR 86.1925 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... relevant calibration results required by 40 CFR part 1065. ... 40 Protection of Environment 19 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What records must I keep? 86.1925...-Run In-Use Testing Program for Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines § 86.1925 What records must I keep?...

  14. 40 CFR 60.2949 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What records must I keep? 60.2949... Recordkeeping and Reporting § 60.2949 What records must I keep? You must maintain the 15 items (as applicable... devices required under § 60.2944. (i) The results of the initial, annual, and any subsequent...

  15. 40 CFR 60.3046 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What records must I keep? 60.3046... Rule-Recordkeeping and Reporting § 60.3046 What records must I keep? You must maintain the 14 items (as... devices required under § 60.3043. (i) The results of the initial, annual, and any subsequent...

  16. 40 CFR 60.2949 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What records must I keep? 60.2949... What records must I keep? You must maintain the 15 items (as applicable) as specified in paragraphs (a... this part. (h) Records of the calibration of any monitoring devices required under § 60.2944. (i)...

  17. 40 CFR 60.3046 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What records must I keep? 60.3046... Rule-Recordkeeping and Reporting § 60.3046 What records must I keep? You must maintain the 14 items (as... devices required under § 60.3043. (i) The results of the initial, annual, and any subsequent...

  18. 40 CFR 60.3046 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What records must I keep? 60.3046... Rule-Recordkeeping and Reporting § 60.3046 What records must I keep? You must maintain the 14 items (as... devices required under § 60.3043. (i) The results of the initial, annual, and any subsequent...

  19. 40 CFR 60.2949 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What records must I keep? 60.2949... What records must I keep? You must maintain the 15 items (as applicable) as specified in paragraphs (a... this part. (h) Records of the calibration of any monitoring devices required under § 60.2944. (i)...

  20. 40 CFR 86.1925 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... relevant calibration results required by 40 CFR part 1065. ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What records must I keep? 86.1925...-Run In-Use Testing Program for Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines § 86.1925 What records must I keep?...

  1. 32 CFR 707.6 - Minesweeping station keeping lights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Minesweeping station keeping lights. 707.6 Section 707.6 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY NAVIGATION SPECIAL RULES WITH RESPECT TO ADDITIONAL STATION AND SIGNAL LIGHTS § 707.6 Minesweeping station keeping...

  2. 49 CFR 192.709 - Transmission lines: Record keeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Transmission lines: Record keeping. 192.709 Section 192.709 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) PIPELINE AND... Transmission lines: Record keeping. Each operator shall maintain the following records for transmission...

  3. 49 CFR 192.709 - Transmission lines: Record keeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Transmission lines: Record keeping. 192.709 Section 192.709 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) PIPELINE AND... Transmission lines: Record keeping. Each operator shall maintain the following records for transmission...

  4. 49 CFR 192.709 - Transmission lines: Record keeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Transmission lines: Record keeping. 192.709 Section 192.709 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) PIPELINE AND... Transmission lines: Record keeping. Each operator shall maintain the following records for transmission...

  5. 49 CFR 192.709 - Transmission lines: Record keeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Transmission lines: Record keeping. 192.709 Section 192.709 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) PIPELINE AND... Transmission lines: Record keeping. Each operator shall maintain the following records for transmission...

  6. 49 CFR 192.709 - Transmission lines: Record keeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Transmission lines: Record keeping. 192.709 Section 192.709 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) PIPELINE AND... Transmission lines: Record keeping. Each operator shall maintain the following records for transmission...

  7. Guidelines for Keeping the Cornell Farm Account Book. Student Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paterson, Dale J.

    This student manual contains guidelines for keeping the Cornell Farm Account Book. The manual is divided into the following fifteen units of instruction: (1) Why Keep Records?, (2) Operating Expenses, (3) Labor Records, (4) Interest and Debt Payments, (5) Capital Purchases and Improvements, (6) Milk Sales, (7) Crop Sales, (8) Livestock Sold, (9)…

  8. 40 CFR 63.10032 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... pursuant to 40 CFR 241.3(b)(1), you must keep a record which documents how the secondary material meets...-hazardous secondary material pursuant to 40 CFR 241.3(b)(2), you must keep records as to how the operations that produced the fuel satisfies the definition of processing in 40 CFR 241.2. If the fuel received...

  9. Keeping PCs up to Date Can Be Fun

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldsborough, Reid

    2004-01-01

    The "joy" of computer maintenance takes many forms. These days, automation is the byword. Operating systems such as Microsoft Windows and utility suites such as Symantec's Norton Internet Security let you automatically keep crucial parts of your computer system up to date. It's fun to watch the technology keep tabs on itself. This document offers…

  10. Keeping Connected: The Design and Overview of the Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moss, Julianne

    2014-01-01

    The special issue "Keeping Connected: Identity, Social Connection and Education for Young People" opens with a paper that discusses the research design and overview of a three-year project by a Melbourne (Australia)-based multi-disciplinary team. Over 2007-2009, the Keeping Connected team of 10 researchers investigated the lives of…

  11. 32 CFR 707.6 - Minesweeping station keeping lights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Minesweeping station keeping lights. 707.6... RULES WITH RESPECT TO ADDITIONAL STATION AND SIGNAL LIGHTS § 707.6 Minesweeping station keeping lights... intervals and bearings, two white lights in a vertical line visible from 070° through 290° relative....

  12. 40 CFR 63.1589 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Publicly Owned Treatment Works Non-Industrial Potw Treatment Plant Requirements § 63.1589 What records must I keep? (a) To comply with the equipment standard specified in § 63... 40 Protection of Environment 12 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true What records must I keep?...

  13. 32 CFR 707.6 - Minesweeping station keeping lights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Minesweeping station keeping lights. 707.6... RULES WITH RESPECT TO ADDITIONAL STATION AND SIGNAL LIGHTS § 707.6 Minesweeping station keeping lights... intervals and bearings, two white lights in a vertical line visible from 070° through 290° relative....

  14. 32 CFR 707.6 - Minesweeping station keeping lights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Minesweeping station keeping lights. 707.6... RULES WITH RESPECT TO ADDITIONAL STATION AND SIGNAL LIGHTS § 707.6 Minesweeping station keeping lights... intervals and bearings, two white lights in a vertical line visible from 070° through 290° relative....

  15. 32 CFR 707.6 - Minesweeping station keeping lights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Minesweeping station keeping lights. 707.6... RULES WITH RESPECT TO ADDITIONAL STATION AND SIGNAL LIGHTS § 707.6 Minesweeping station keeping lights... intervals and bearings, two white lights in a vertical line visible from 070° through 290° relative....

  16. 40 CFR 1048.350 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 33 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What records must I keep? 1048.350 Section 1048.350 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW, LARGE NONROAD SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES Testing Production-line Engines § 1048.350 What records must I keep?...

  17. 40 CFR 1051.350 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 33 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What records must I keep? 1051.350 Section 1051.350 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM RECREATIONAL ENGINES AND VEHICLES Testing Production-Line Vehicles and Engines § 1051.350 What records must I keep?...

  18. Captive insurance companies.

    PubMed

    Strauss, Peter

    2014-01-01

    The landscape of the business world is changing; and now, more than ever, business owners are recognizing that life is filled with risks: known risk, calculated risk, and unexpected risk. Every day, businesses thrive or fail based on understanding the risk of owning and operating their business, and business owners are recognizing that there are alternative risk financing mechanisms other than simply taking out a basket of standard coverage as recommended by your friendly neighborhood agent. A captive insurance company is an insurance company established to provide a broad range of risk management capabilities to affiliated companies. The captive is owned by the business owner and can provide insurance to the business for potential future losses, whether or not the losses are already covered by a commercial carrier or are "self-insured." The premiums paid by your business are tax deductible. Meanwhile, the premiums that your captive collects are tax-free up to $1.2 million annually. PMID:25807627

  19. Charting your company's future.

    PubMed

    Kim, W Chan; Mauborgne, Renée

    2002-06-01

    Few companies have a clear strategic vision. The problem, say the authors, stems from the strategic-planning process itself, which usually involves preparing a large document, culled from a mishmash of data provided by people with conflicting agendas. That kind of process almost guarantees an unfocused strategy. Instead, companies should design the strategic-planning process by drawing a picture: a strategy canvas. A strategy canvas shows the strategic profile of your industry by depicting the various factors that affect competition. And it shows the strategic profiles of your current and potential competitors as well as your own company's strategic profile--how it invests in the factors of competition and how it might in the future. The basic component of a strategy canvas--the value curve--is a tool the authors created in their consulting work and have written about in previous HBR articles. This article introduces a four-step process for actually drawing and discussing a strategy canvas. Readers will learn how one European financial services company used this process to create a distinct and easily communicable strategy. The process begins with a visual awakening. Managers compare their business's value curve with competitors' to discover where their strategy needs to change. In the next step--visual exploration--managers do field research on customers and alternative products. At the visual strategy fair, the third step, managers draw new strategic profiles based on field observations and get feedback from customers and peers about these new proposals. Once the best strategy is created from that feedback, it's time for the last step--visual communication. Executives distribute "before" and "after" strategic profiles to the whole company, and only projects that will help move the company closer to the "after" profile are supported. PMID:12048996

  20. 75 FR 13524 - Northern Natural Gas Company, Southern Natural Gas Company, Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-22

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Northern Natural Gas Company, Southern Natural Gas Company, Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC, Enterprise Field Services, LLC; Notice of Application March 16, 2010. Take notice that on March 5, 2010, Northern Natural Gas...

  1. 75 FR 73071 - Northern Natural Gas Company, Southern Natural Gas Company, Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-29

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Northern Natural Gas Company, Southern Natural Gas Company, Florida Gas... Abandonment Project proposed by Northern Natural Gas Company, Southern Natural Gas Company, Florida Gas... affecting the quality of the human environment. The EA has been placed in the public files of the FERC...

  2. The Electric Company.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Children's Television Workshop, New York, NY.

    This book is intended as an introduction to the television program, "The Electric Company," designed to help teach reading to children in grades 2-4 who are experiencing difficulty. Contents include: Sidney P. Marland, Jr.'s preface, "A Significant New Teaching Tool"; Joan Ganz Cooney's "Television and the Teaching of Reading"; and Barbara…

  3. 77 FR 30352 - Reports, Forms, and Record Keeping Requirements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Reports, Forms, and Record Keeping Requirements AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Department of Transportation. ACTION: Request...

  4. 40 CFR 1060.250 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...-data unit's construction, including its origin and buildup, steps you took to ensure that it represents...) Annual production figures for each emission family divided by assembly plant. (5) Keep a list...

  5. Healthy Amount of Vitamin C Might Keep Cataracts at Bay

    MedlinePlus

    ... medlineplus/news/fullstory_157952.html Healthy Amount of Vitamin C Might Keep Cataracts at Bay Key is ... 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- While many believe that vitamin C helps ward off colds, a new study ...

  6. 40 CFR 63.5915 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... control device, you must keep all records required in 40 CFR part 63, subpart SS, to show continuous... Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Reinforced Plastic Composites Production Notifications, Reports,...

  7. 40 CFR 63.5915 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... control device, you must keep all records required in 40 CFR part 63, subpart SS, to show continuous... Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Reinforced Plastic Composites Production Notifications, Reports,...

  8. Women with Alzheimer's May Keep Verbal Skills Longer Than Men

    MedlinePlus

    ... gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_157801.html Women With Alzheimer's May Keep Verbal Skills Longer Than Men Gender ... 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In the early stages of Alzheimer's disease, women tend to remember words better than ...

  9. Prevent Diabetes Problems: Keep Your Heart and Blood Vessels Healthy

    MedlinePlus

    ... Lung and Blood Institute American Diabetes Association JDRF Diabetes Disease Organizations Many organizations provide support to patients ... PDF, 293 KB). Alternate Language URL Español Prevent diabetes problems: Keep your heart and blood vessels healthy ...

  10. Prevent Diabetes Problems: Keep Your Nervous System Healthy

    MedlinePlus

    ... Neurological Disorders and Stroke American Diabetes Association JDRF Diabetes Disease Organizations Many organizations provide support to patients ... PDF, 293 KB). Alternate Language URL Español Prevent diabetes problems: Keep your nervous system healthy Page Content ...

  11. Exercise May Keep Diabetes in Check During Pregnancy

    MedlinePlus

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_160113.html Exercise May Keep Diabetes in Check During Pregnancy Short ... university news release. "We advise all women to exercise during pregnancy, as long as there aren't ...

  12. Prevent Diabetes Problems: Keep Your Diabetes under Control

    MedlinePlus

    ... Research Training & Career Development Grant programs for students, postdocs, and faculty Research at NIDDK Labs, faculty, and ... Español Prevent diabetes problems: Keep your diabetes under control Page Content On this page: What are diabetes ...

  13. 40 CFR 310.22 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) If you receive reimbursement under the regulations in this part, for three years you must keep all... to those records if we need them. (b) After three years from the date of your reimbursement, if...

  14. Keep Gum Disease Away! | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    MedlinePlus

    ... this page please turn Javascript on. Feature: Fighting Gum Disease Keep Gum Disease Away! Past Issues / Fall 2010 Table of Contents ... 30s, I lost an upper back molar to gum disease. That was a signpost but I ignored it. ...

  15. Rocky Mountains offer plenty to keep producers looking for more

    SciTech Connect

    Duey, R.

    1995-12-01

    Throughout the Rocky Mountain region, geological variety offers everything from coalbed methane to helium and carbon dioxide, and producers keep plugging hoping that an upswing in prices could make the region more lucrative.

  16. Keep Kids' Mouths Healthy: Brush 2min2X

    MedlinePlus

    ... Kids’ Teeth Teeth Helpful Resources Links Keep Kids’ Mouths Healthy Roll over or click the time line below for healthy mouth information. Email Link Kids' Care Timeline Brush 2min2x - ...

  17. Behind the Scenes: Astronauts Keep Trainers in BBQ Bliss

    NASA Video Gallery

    In this episode of NASA Behind the Scenes, astronaut Mike Massimino talks with astronaut Terry Virts as well as Stephanie Turner, one of the people who keeps the astronaut corps in line. Mass also ...

  18. Keep the Beat Recipes | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    MedlinePlus

    ... turn Javascript on. Feature: High Blood Pressure Keep the Beat Recipes Past Issues / Fall 2011 Table of ... and Blood Institute To Improve Blood Pressure, Try the DASH Diet If you're one of the ...

  19. Smart customers, dumb companies.

    PubMed

    Locke, C

    2000-01-01

    Customers today are being bombarded with an overwhelming array of choices. To alleviate customer frustration, say Steven Cristol and Peter Sealey in Simplicity Marketing, companies should stop creating new brands and product extensions. Better to consolidate product and service functions by following a four R approach: replace, repackage, reposition, and replenish. That's an outmoded, dictatorial view of markets, says Christopher Locke. Far from being stymied by choices, customers are rapidly becoming smarter than the companies that pretend to serve them. In this networked economy, people are talking among themselves, and that changes everything. Locke predicts we'll see a growing number of well-defined micromarkets--groups of customers converging in real time around entertaining and knowledgeable voices--such as NPR's car guys and the Motley Fool investment site. "Micromedia" Web sites will replace traditional advertising because they'll provide credible user-supplied news about products and services. Locke contends that an open exchange of information solves the "problem" of choice much better than manipulative strategies like simplicity or even permission marketing. Companies can participate in micromarkets through what Locke dubs "gonzo marketing." If Ford, for example, discovers that a subset of its employees are organic gardeners, it may offer support to a big independent organic-gardening Web site with donations and employee volunteers. This marketing effort would be driven not by advertising managers but by people with genuine interest in each micromarket, so it would have credibility with customers. With gonzo marketing, both companies and their markets will benefit. PMID:11184973

  20. 12 CFR 583.15 - Parent company.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Parent company. 583.15 Section 583.15 Banks and... SAVINGS AND LOAN HOLDING COMPANIES § 583.15 Parent company. The term parent company means any company which directly or indirectly controls any other company or companies....

  1. Do Spin-Offs Make the Academics' Heads Spin? The Impacts of Spin-Off Companies on Their Parent Research Organisation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zomer, Arend H.; Jongbloed, Ben W. A.; Enders, Jurgen

    2010-01-01

    As public research organisations are increasingly driven by their national and regional governments to engage in knowledge transfer, they have started to support the creation of companies. These research based spin-off companies (RBSOs) often keep contacts with the research institutes they originate from. In this paper we present the results of a…

  2. Multilingualism in Companies: An Introduction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherman, Tamah; Strubell, Miquel

    2013-01-01

    This thematic collection of four papers explores a number of perspectives on companies in which multiple languages are used. The "organisational" perspective concerns the question of how the presence of or demand for multiple languages in the company is managed--how companies are guided by national and other policies in regard to the use…

  3. The Transport of Ions Across Plant Cell Membranes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, D. A.

    1981-01-01

    Presented is one of a series of articles designed to help science teachers keep current on ideas in specific areas of biology. This article provides information about ion transport in plant cells. (PB)

  4. Keeping ether "en-vogue": the role of Nathan Cooley Keep in the history of ether anesthesia.

    PubMed

    Guralnick, Walter C; Kaban, Leonard B

    2011-07-01

    In this report, we explore the little known role of Dr Nathan Cooley Keep in the dissemination of ether anesthesia in Boston. Keep was a prominent Boston dentist who, for a short time, taught and employed both William Morton and Horace Wells. He used ether anesthesia for a variety of dental and other surgical procedures requiring pain control. Keep administered ether to anesthetize Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's wife during the delivery of their daughter. This was the first use of ether for obstetric anesthesia. Dr Keep was also the first Dean of the Harvard Dental School and convinced the Massachusetts General Hospital to appoint a dentist to the staff of the hospital for the first time. PMID:21549472

  5. HIGH VOLTAGE ION SOURCE

    DOEpatents

    Luce, J.S.

    1960-04-19

    A device is described for providing a source of molecular ions having a large output current and with an accelerated energy of the order of 600 kv. Ions are produced in an ion source which is provided with a water-cooled source grid of metal to effect maximum recombination of atomic ions to molecular ions. A very high accelerating voltage is applied to withdraw and accelerate the molecular ions from the source, and means are provided for dumping the excess electrons at the lowest possible potentials. An accelerating grid is placed adjacent to the source grid and a slotted, grounded accelerating electrode is placed adjacent to the accelerating grid. A potential of about 35 kv is maintained between the source grid and accelerating grid, and a potential of about 600 kv is maintained between the accelerating grid and accelerating electrode. In order to keep at a minimum the large number of oscillating electrons which are created when such high voltages are employed in the vicinity of a strong magnetic field, a plurality of high voltage cascaded shields are employed with a conventional electron dumping system being employed between each shield so as to dump the electrons at the lowest possible potential rather than at 600 kv.

  6. GIS based application tool -- history of East India Company

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Phophaliya, Sudhir

    The emphasis of the thesis is to build an intuitive and robust GIS (Geographic Information systems) Tool which gives an in depth information on history of East India Company. The GIS tool also incorporates various achievements of East India Company which helped to establish their business all over world especially India. The user has the option to select these movements and acts by clicking on any of the marked states on the World map. The World Map also incorporates key features for East India Company like landing of East India Company in India, Darjeeling Tea Establishment, East India Company Stock Redemption Act etc. The user can know more about these features simply by clicking on each of them. The primary focus of the tool is to give the user a unique insight about East India Company; for this the tool has several HTML (Hypertext markup language) pages which the user can select. These HTML pages give information on various topics like the first Voyage, Trade with China, 1857 Revolt etc. The tool has been developed in JAVA. For the Indian map MOJO (Map Objects Java Objects) is used. MOJO is developed by ESRI. The major features shown on the World map was designed using MOJO. MOJO made it easy to incorporate the statistical data with these features. The user interface was intentionally kept simple and easy to use. To keep the user engaged, key aspects are explained using HTML pages. The idea is that pictures will help the user garner interest in the history of East India Company.

  7. Station keeping of geostationary satellites by electric propulsion

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Eckstein, M. C.

    1985-01-01

    As various types of perturbations tend to drive a geostationary satellite away from its prescribed position, occasional orbit corrections have to be carried out by means of a suitable propulsion system. In future geostationary missions, low thrust electric propulsion is likely to be applied for station keeping because of considerable mass savings. In this paper a station keeping strategy for electric propulsion systems is developed. Both the unconstrained case and the case where thrust operation constraints are present are considered and tested by computer simulation of a realistic example.

  8. A Nordic survey of management practices and owners' attitudes towards keeping horses in groups.

    PubMed

    Hartmann, E; Bøe, K E; Christensen, J W; Hyyppä, S; Jansson, H; Jørgensen, G H M; Ladewig, J; Mejdell, C M; Norling, Y; Rundgren, M; Särkijärvi, S; Søndergaard, E; Keeling, L J

    2015-09-01

    Keeping horses in groups is widely recommended but limited information is available about how this is implemented in practice. The aim of this survey was to describe how horses are kept in the Nordic countries in relation to sex, age, breed, and equestrian discipline and to assess owners' attitudes toward keeping horses in groups. Horse owners in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden were approached using a web-based questionnaire, which was translated into 4 languages and distributed online via equestrian forums, organizations, and social media. The number of respondents was 3,229, taking care of 17,248 horses. Only 8% of horses were never kept in groups, 47% were permanently grouped for 24 h/d, and 45% were stabled singly but grouped during turnout. Yearlings were most often permanently kept in groups (75%), mares and geldings more commonly during parts of the day (50 and 51%, respectively), and stallions were often kept alone (38%). Icelandic horses were more likely to be permanently kept in groups (36%) than warmbloods (16%) and ponies (15%). Twice as many competition horses (51%) were never grouped compared with horses used for breeding (20%) or leisure purposes (15%). The majority of respondents (86%) strongly agreed that group housing benefits horse welfare and that it is important for horses to have the company of conspecifics (92%). Nevertheless, not all horses were kept in groups, showing that attitudes toward group housing may not necessarily reflect current management. The risk of injury was a concern of many respondents (45%), as was introducing unfamiliar horses into already established groups (40%) and challenges in relation to feeding in groups (44%). Safety of people (23%) and difficulties handling group-kept horses (19%) were regarded as less problematic. Results suggest that the majority of horses have the possibility to freely interact with other horses, either as fulltime members of a group during 24 h/d or during turnout. Future research should

  9. Ion source

    DOEpatents

    Leung, Ka-Ngo; Ehlers, Kenneth W.

    1984-01-01

    A magnetic filter for an ion source reduces the production of undesired ion species and improves the ion beam quality. High-energy ionizing electrons are confined by the magnetic filter to an ion source region, where the high-energy electrons ionize gas molecules. One embodiment of the magnetic filter uses permanent magnets oriented to establish a magnetic field transverse to the direction of travel of ions from the ion source region to the ion extraction region. In another embodiment, low energy 16 eV electrons are injected into the ion source to dissociate gas molecules and undesired ion species into desired ion species.

  10. 76 FR 1666 - Susquehanna Union Railroad Company-Control Exemption-North Shore Railroad Company, Nittany & Bald...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-11

    ... Company, Nittany & Bald Eagle Railroad Company, Shamokin Valley Railroad Company, Juniata Valley Railroad... Class III railroads: North Shore Railroad Company, Nittany & Bald Eagle Railroad Company,...

  11. A forward looking company

    SciTech Connect

    Christian, David A.

    2004-06-01

    The article is an excerpt of an interview with David A. Christian, Senior Vice President-Nuclear and Chief Nuclear Officer, Dominion Generation conducted at NEI's Nuclear Energy Assembly in New Orleans, Louisiana on 13 May 2004. It highlights the company's energy diversity, and in particular, activities related to early-site permits and possible future plans for nuclear power plant development in the U.S. The interview touches on questions related to the Consortium (composed of Dominion, AECL Technologies, the U.S. subsidiary of AECL, Hatachi America and Bechtel Power Corp.) and the DOE financial support involved (approximately 50%) along with comments related to job impacts, energy security and climate change impacts, human resource issues (particularly about getting high school students interested in jobs related to the nuclear industry) and public policy. The interview ends with a discussion of investment interest and the state of standardization in the industry.

  12. Health care automation companies.

    PubMed

    1995-12-01

    Health care automation companies: card transaction processing/EFT/EDI-capable banks; claims auditing/analysis; claims processors/clearinghouses; coding products/services; computer hardware; computer networking/LAN/WAN; consultants; data processing/outsourcing; digital dictation/transcription; document imaging/optical disk storage; executive information systems; health information networks; hospital/health care information systems; interface engines; laboratory information systems; managed care information systems; patient identification/credit cards; pharmacy information systems; POS terminals; radiology information systems; software--claims related/computer-based patient records/home health care/materials management/supply ordering/physician practice management/translation/utilization review/outcomes; telecommunications products/services; telemedicine/teleradiology; value-added networks. PMID:10153839

  13. [Collaboration between academia and companies].

    PubMed

    Ueda, Minoru

    2008-05-01

    Recently the collaboration between academia and company has been recommended by the government and more than 1,000 venture companies have established since 2001. Indeed this situation caused the researchers active, on the other side many undesirable troubles has been increasing among researches in the university. In this paper the cause of these troubles related to the collaboration between academia and company has been analyzed and proposed the possible solutions for the problems. PMID:18464523

  14. Pharmacy benefit management companies.

    PubMed

    Taniguchi, R

    1995-09-01

    The principal services offered by pharmacy benefit management companies (PBMs) are described. A PBM contracts with employers, insurers, and others to provide accessible and cost-effective benefits to those groups' members. PBMs vary in their organization and services because they originate from different types of businesses. Many PBMs have been formed by publicly traded companies that have combined traditional ways of controlling cost and use, such as formularies, with new elements to form organizations whose primary function is managing the pharmacy benefit. Often, the PBM is paid a fixed amount for which it must provide all contracted services. PBMs may provide pharmacy services themselves (e.g., mail order prescription service is offered by Medco, one of the largest PBMs); more often, they subcontract with others to provide certain services. Full-service PBMs have the following functions: establishing networks of pharmacies for use by plan members; processing claims electronically at the time a prescription is filled and thus maintaining a database on drug use and cost; using these data to generate various reports; encouraging the use of generic products; managing existing formularies, helping to establish customized formularies, or providing a national formulary; providing information to support formulary guidelines (counter-detailing); offering programs in which prescriptions for maintenance medications are filled less frequently with larger amounts, often by mail order; negotiating volume-based rebates from manufacturers; performing drug-use review; developing disease management programs based on clinical practice guidelines and measurements of patient outcome; and evaluating outcomes by combining data on drug therapy with information about other parts of the patient's care.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:8528857

  15. 40 CFR 60.7 - Notification and record keeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Notification and record keeping. 60.7 Section 60.7 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES General Provisions § 60.7 Notification and...

  16. 40 CFR 60.7 - Notification and record keeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Notification and record keeping. 60.7 Section 60.7 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES General Provisions § 60.7 Notification and...

  17. 40 CFR 60.7 - Notification and record keeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Notification and record keeping. 60.7 Section 60.7 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES General Provisions § 60.7 Notification and...

  18. 40 CFR 60.7 - Notification and record keeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Notification and record keeping. 60.7 Section 60.7 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES General Provisions § 60.7 Notification and...

  19. 40 CFR 60.7 - Notification and record keeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Notification and record keeping. 60.7 Section 60.7 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES General Provisions § 60.7 Notification and...

  20. Frequent Absences? Help Students Keep up, Not Drop out

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butts, Patricia H.

    2009-01-01

    Absenteeism, which is increasing at an alarming rate, is becoming the gateway to dropping out of school altogether. One way to combat this trend is for educators to implement strategies and interventions for students returning from frequent absences in an effort to keep their make-up workload feasible and to help them maintain their grades.…

  1. 40 CFR 63.8256 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Mercury Emissions From Mercury Cell Chlor-Alkali... emission limitations and the mercury thermal recovery unit vent emission limitations. You must keep the...) Records of the mercury emissions monitoring conducted during the performance tests. (3) Records of...

  2. 40 CFR 63.8256 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Mercury Emissions From Mercury Cell Chlor-Alkali... emission limitations and the mercury thermal recovery unit vent emission limitations. You must keep the...) Records of the mercury emissions monitoring conducted during the performance tests. (3) Records of...

  3. 40 CFR 63.8256 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Mercury Emissions From Mercury Cell Chlor-Alkali... emission limitations and the mercury thermal recovery unit vent emission limitations. You must keep the...) Records of the mercury emissions monitoring conducted during the performance tests. (3) Records of...

  4. Keeping Children Safe: Afterschool Staff and Mandated Child Maltreatment Reporting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gandarilla, Maria; O'Donnell, Julie

    2014-01-01

    With 8.4 million children in the U.S. spending an average of eight hours a week in afterschool programs, afterschool providers are an important part of the network of caring adults who can help to keep children safe. In addition, afterschool staff are "mandated reporters." Whether or not the laws specifically mention afterschool staff,…

  5. Students and School Adults: Partners in Keeping Schools Safe

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gastic, Billie

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses the important roles that students, school staff and teachers play in keeping the school safe particularly from weapons. The author believes that one way that they do this is by working together to reduce the problem of weapons in school. The role of school staff and teachers extends beyond prevention and…

  6. 40 CFR 63.11177 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Operations at Area Sources Notifications, Reports, and Records § 63.11177 What records must I keep? If you... capacity equal to or greater than 3.0 fluid ounces (89 cc) that does not meet the definition of an HVLP....11175 and copies of any report submitted as required by § 63.11176. (e) Records of paint...

  7. How to Keep Even Your Best Friend from Getting Tenure.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nilsen, Alleen Pace; Luehrsen, Sandra

    1990-01-01

    Provides hints on composing letters of recommendation gleaned from a study of supporting letters submitted to the tenure and promotion committee at a large public university. To keep even their best friends from getting tenure, letter writers should emphasize debatable points, slip in cryptic statements about competency, and wax eloquent on…

  8. 40 CFR 1060.250 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 33 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What records must I keep? 1060.250 Section 1060.250 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EVAPORATIVE EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE NONROAD AND STATIONARY EQUIPMENT Certifying Emission Families § 1060.250 What records...

  9. Childhood Injuries: Keeping the #1 Killer at Bay.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cutright, Melitta J.

    1991-01-01

    Suggestions to help parents keep their children safe from injury include learn first aid; child-proof the home; use carseats and safety belts; lock up medications, toxic materials, sharp instruments, and guns; block off stairways; install smoke alarms; insist on bike helmets; and put safety plugs in electric sockets. (SM)

  10. 40 CFR 62.14700 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 9 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What records must I keep? 62.14700 Section 62.14700 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF STATE PLANS FOR DESIGNATED FACILITIES AND POLLUTANTS Federal Plan Requirements for Commercial and...

  11. 40 CFR 60.2175 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What records must I keep? 60.2175 Section 60.2175 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units...

  12. 40 CFR 60.2740 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What records must I keep? 60.2740 Section 60.2740 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Emissions Guidelines and Compliance Times for Commercial and Industrial Solid...

  13. 40 CFR 1060.250 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 34 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What records must I keep? 1060.250 Section 1060.250 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EVAPORATIVE EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE NONROAD AND STATIONARY EQUIPMENT...

  14. 40 CFR 1060.250 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 34 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What records must I keep? 1060.250 Section 1060.250 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EVAPORATIVE EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE NONROAD AND STATIONARY EQUIPMENT...

  15. 40 CFR 1060.250 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 33 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What records must I keep? 1060.250 Section 1060.250 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EVAPORATIVE EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE NONROAD AND STATIONARY EQUIPMENT...

  16. 40 CFR 1068.455 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 33 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What records must I keep? 1068.455 Section 1068.455 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS GENERAL COMPLIANCE PROVISIONS FOR ENGINE PROGRAMS Selective Enforcement Auditing § 1068.455...

  17. Keeping Track of Speaker's Perspective: The Role of Social Identity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Senay, Ibrahim; Keysar, Boaz

    2009-01-01

    A long and narrow piece of wood is "a bat," "a stick," "a club," or "firewood." In fact, anything can be described from multiple perspectives, each suggesting a different conceptualization. People keep track of how speakers conceptualize things and expect them to describe them similarly in the future. This article demonstrates that these…

  18. Keep Postage Meter Record Book. Student's Manual and Instructor's Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bostian, Nancy

    Supporting performance objective 62 of the V-TECS (Vocational-Technical Education Consortium of States) Secretarial Catalog, both a set of student materials and an instructor's manual on keeping a postage meter record book are included in this packet. (The packet is the fifth in a set of eight on performing mail activities--CE 016 912-919.) The…

  19. 40 CFR 63.2862 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 12 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true What records must I keep? 63.2862 Section 63.2862 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants:...

  20. 7 CFR 58.530 - Keeping quality requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Keeping quality requirements. 58.530 Section 58.530 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Specifications for Dairy Plants Approved for USDA Inspection and Grading Service 1 Requirements for...

  1. How Can I Keep Track of Physical Activity and Eating?

    MedlinePlus

    ... ANSWERS by heart Lifestyle + Risk Reduction Fitness + Weight Management How Can I Keep Track of Physical Activity and Healthy Eating? Food Diary — Once you’ve set your eating goals, use this sample chart to track your efforts. WEEK: ________________________ DAY: ________________________ Food or Beverage Amount Number of Calories Grams of Saturated Fat ...

  2. 30 CFR 250.903 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What records must I keep? 250.903 Section 250.903 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS AND SULPHUR OPERATIONS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Platforms and Structures General Requirements for Platforms § 250.903...

  3. [How can I keep up with my literature?].

    PubMed

    Vandenbroucke, J P

    1998-03-28

    To keep up with the literature, the author and his wife have personal home subscriptions to the 'big five' general medical journals, two top general science journals, and close to a dozen specialist journals. Two of the general medical journals are regularly read in more depth. Since computerized search systems permit almost immediate retrieval on whatever subject at whatever work location, the author keeps no filing system of the items of interest. For three (slowly growing) subjects that transgress the boundaries of the usual keywords of search systems, copies of papers are collected in piles: (a) important methodological papers (which may have been published anywhere, on any subject), (b) papers about concepts of the origin and evolution of diseases, and (c) papers of strong general interest. The disadvantage of not keeping track of the literature by a personal filing system is that the author regularly forgets about papers and books he already has; the advantage is that no time is spent keeping a personal filing system. PMID:9623147

  4. 40 CFR 1054.735 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... under the ABT program. You may identify these numbers as a range. If you change the FEL after the start of production, identify the date you started using each FEL and the range of engine identification numbers associated with each FEL. (e) We may require you to keep additional records or to send us...

  5. 40 CFR 1054.735 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... under the ABT program. You may identify these numbers as a range. If you change the FEL after the start of production, identify the date you started using each FEL and the range of engine identification numbers associated with each FEL. (e) We may require you to keep additional records or to send us...

  6. 40 CFR 1054.735 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... under the ABT program. You may identify these numbers as a range. If you change the FEL after the start of production, identify the date you started using each FEL and the range of engine identification numbers associated with each FEL. (e) We may require you to keep additional records or to send us...

  7. 40 CFR 1054.735 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... under the ABT program. You may identify these numbers as a range. If you change the FEL after the start of production, identify the date you started using each FEL and the range of engine identification numbers associated with each FEL. (e) We may require you to keep additional records or to send us...

  8. 40 CFR 1054.735 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... under the ABT program. You may identify these numbers as a range. If you change the FEL after the start of production, identify the date you started using each FEL and the range of engine identification numbers associated with each FEL. (e) We may require you to keep additional records or to send us...

  9. Elementary Students' Laboratory Record Keeping During Scientific Inquiry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Garcia-Mila, Merce; Andersen, Christopher; Rojo, Nubia E.

    2011-05-01

    The present study examines the mutual interaction between students' writing and scientific reasoning among sixth-grade students (age 11-12 years) engaged in scientific inquiry. The experimental task was designed to promote spontaneous record keeping compared to previous task designs by increasing the saliency of task requirements, with the design goal of making the relationship between record keeping and inquiry strategies more explicit and visible. Compared to previous studies, this new task design resulted both in a higher amount of record keeping overall and in a higher quality of information, which is interpreted to be a result of increased participants' metatask and metastrategic knowledge arising from greater engagement with the task. The study found a significant relationship between the quality of students' record keeping and the inquiry strategies that were investigated. However, this relationship varied depending on the type of inquiry strategy. Strategies that are employed during the design of experiments (i.e., factorial combination strategy and control-of-variables strategy [CVS]) were statistically related to the number of complete comments (plans and intents), but not with the total number of comments. In contrast, the study found that for strategies employed while evaluating evidence (i.e., drawing inferences), student production of quality records is a necessary but not sufficient condition for effective evidence evaluation; in addition to recording high-quality information, students must also review their records (both from design and evaluation phases).

  10. Keeping Students in Higher Education: Successful Practices & Strategies for Retention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moxley, David; Najor-Durack, Anwar; Dumbrigue, Cecille

    This book explores the issues related to dropouts from higher education and presents a guide to identifying problems and developing practical solutions to the problems of retaining students. The chapters of part 1, The Challenge of Retention, are: (1) Keeping Students in Higher Education: A Pathway for Retention; and (2) A Student-Centered…

  11. 40 CFR 63.8256 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Mercury Emissions From Mercury Cell Chlor-Alkali... emission limitations and the mercury thermal recovery unit vent emission limitations. You must keep the...) Records of the mercury emissions monitoring conducted during the performance tests. (3) Records of...

  12. 78 FR 54722 - Reports, Forms and Record Keeping Requirements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-05

    ..., 2000 (65 FR 19477-78). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For questions contact Nicholas Englund in the... are, therefore, covered by this notice. 72 FR 59434 (Oct. 19, 2007). Description of the Need for the... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Reports, Forms and Record Keeping Requirements...

  13. 75 FR 62625 - Reports, Forms and Record Keeping Requirements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-12

    ..., 2000 (65 FR 19477-78). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For questions contact Nicholas Englund in the... are, therefore, covered by this notice. 72 FR 59434 (Oct. 19, 2007). Description of the Need for the... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Reports, Forms and Record Keeping Requirements...

  14. Keeping Connected: A Review of the Research Relationship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moss, Julianne; Hay, Trevor

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, some key findings of the Keeping Connected project are discussed in light of the methodological challenges of developing an analytical approach in a large-scale study, particularly in starting with open-ended, participant-selected, digital still visual images as part of 31 longitudinal case studies. The paper works to clarify the…

  15. How 5 Colleges Plan to Keep Growing in Hard Times

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masterson, Kathryn

    2009-01-01

    Momentum can stall in a time of diminished resources. For colleges on the fast track, leaders have shifted money around and made some hard choices to keep growing. The author reached out to five up-and-coming institutions to find out how they manage their ambitions during tough times. As many colleges instituted hiring freezes to save money,…

  16. 40 CFR 63.11177 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 15 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What records must I keep? 63.11177 Section 63.11177 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES (CONTINUED) National Emission Standards for Hazardous...

  17. 40 CFR 63.11177 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 15 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What records must I keep? 63.11177 Section 63.11177 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES (CONTINUED) National Emission Standards for Hazardous...

  18. 40 CFR 1045.425 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What records must I keep? 1045.425 Section 1045.425 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM SPARK-IGNITION PROPULSION MARINE ENGINES AND VESSELS In-Use...

  19. 40 CFR 1048.350 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What records must I keep? 1048.350 Section 1048.350 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW, LARGE NONROAD SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES Testing...

  20. 40 CFR 1045.350 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What records must I keep? 1045.350 Section 1045.350 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM SPARK-IGNITION PROPULSION MARINE ENGINES AND VESSELS Testing...

  1. 40 CFR 60.2949 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What records must I keep? 60.2949 Section 60.2949 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Operator Training and Qualification Recordkeeping and Reporting § 60.2949 What records...

  2. 40 CFR 60.3046 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What records must I keep? 60.3046 Section 60.3046 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Emission Guidelines and Compliance Times for Other Solid Waste Incineration Units...

  3. Recapturing Technology for Education: Keeping Tomorrow in Today's Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gura, Mark; Percy, Bernard

    2005-01-01

    Despite significant investment of funds, time, and effort in bringing computers, the Internet, and related technologies into the classrooms, educators have turned their back on these new power tools of the intellect. School is the last remaining institution to keep 21st Century technology at arms distance. How can technology be used to enrich and…

  4. 12 CFR 550.410 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What records must I keep? 550.410 Section 550.410 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FIDUCIARY POWERS OF SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS Exercising Fiduciary Powers Recordkeeping Requirements § 550.410 What records must...

  5. 12 CFR 550.410 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false What records must I keep? 550.410 Section 550.410 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FIDUCIARY POWERS OF SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS Exercising Fiduciary Powers Recordkeeping Requirements § 550.410 What records must...

  6. 40 CFR 63.6655 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... equivalent to 10 percent or more of the gross heat input on an annual basis, you must keep the records of... of the hours of operation of the engine that is recorded through the non-resettable hour meter. The... classified the operation as emergency and how many hours are spent for non-emergency operation. If the...

  7. 40 CFR 63.6655 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... equivalent to 10 percent or more of the gross heat input on an annual basis, you must keep the records of... the hours of operation of the engine that is recorded through the non-resettable hour meter. The owner... the emergency situation, and the time the engine was operated as part of demand response. (1)...

  8. 40 CFR 63.4530 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 12 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true What records must I keep? 63.4530 Section 63.4530 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants...

  9. 40 CFR 63.2182 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 12 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true What records must I keep? 63.2182 Section 63.2182 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air...

  10. 40 CFR 1045.425 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 33 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What records must I keep? 1045.425 Section 1045.425 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM SPARK-IGNITION PROPULSION MARINE ENGINES AND VESSELS In-Use...

  11. 40 CFR 63.11990 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 15 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What records must I keep? 63.11990 Section 63.11990 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES (CONTINUED) National Emission Standards for Hazardous...

  12. 75 FR 76781 - Reports, Forms, and Record Keeping Requirements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-09

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Reports, Forms, and Record Keeping Requirements AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, DOT. ACTION: Request for public comment on proposed... Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE., W46-499, Washington, DC 20590....

  13. 40 CFR 63.6011 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Rubber Tire Manufacturing Notifications, Reports...) through (v) related to startup, shutdown, and malfunction. (b) For each tire production affected source... emission limit that applies to you. (c) For each tire cord production affected source, you must keep...

  14. Study on the Station Keeping Maintenance for the TPF Mission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gomez, Gerard; Lo, Martin W.; Masdemont, J. J.

    2005-01-01

    The main goal of this paper is to extend the results of Gomez et al, 2001, related to the execution of the formation manoeuvres of the TPF constellation, including the controls for the station keeping and allowing a greater flexibility in the basic manoeuvres to be done by the formation.

  15. 40 CFR 60.4910 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What records must I keep? 60.4910 Section 60.4910 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for New Sewage Sludge Incineration Units Recordkeeping...

  16. 40 CFR 60.5230 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What records must I keep? 60.5230 Section 60.5230 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Emission Guidelines and Compliance Times for Existing Sewage Sludge Incineration Units...

  17. 40 CFR 63.6655 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Stationary Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines Notifications, Reports, and Records § 63.6655 What records must I keep? (a) If you must comply... the hours of operation of the engine that is recorded through the non-resettable hour meter. The...

  18. Guidelines for Keeping the Cornell Farm Account Book. Teacher Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paterson, Dale J.

    This teacher's manual is designed to complement the student manual Guidelines for Keeping Cornell Farm Account Book. The first part of the teacher manual contains lists of concepts that should be taught within each of the fifteen units of instruction. The remainder of the teacher's manual provides the fifteen units of instruction included in the…

  19. 40 CFR 63.6655 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 13 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What records must I keep? 63.6655 Section 63.6655 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS...) National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Stationary Reciprocating Internal...

  20. 40 CFR 63.8820 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... each loop slitter adhesive use affected source, you must keep the following records specified in paragraphs (c)(1) and (2) of this section. (1) A list of each adhesive and the manufacturer or supplier of each. (2) A record of EPA Method 311 (appendix A to 40 CFR part 63), approved alternative method,...

  1. 40 CFR 63.8820 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... each loop slitter adhesive use affected source, you must keep the following records specified in paragraphs (c)(1) and (2) of this section. (1) A list of each adhesive and the manufacturer or supplier of each. (2) A record of EPA Method 311 (appendix A to 40 CFR part 63), approved alternative method,...

  2. 40 CFR 63.2862 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 12 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true What records must I keep? 63.2862 Section 63.2862 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants:...

  3. As Students Scatter Online, Colleges Try to Keep Up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mangan, Katherine

    2012-01-01

    While e-mail remains the official method of communication on most campuses, colleges are expanding their presence in the virtual world, trying to reach students where they hang out. But without careful planning, that can lead to a scattershot approach as new platforms keep popping up and students' attention becomes increasingly dispersed. The…

  4. 40 CFR 1045.350 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 33 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What records must I keep? 1045.350 Section 1045.350 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM SPARK-IGNITION PROPULSION MARINE ENGINES AND VESSELS Testing Production-line Engines § 1045.350 What records must...

  5. 40 CFR 1054.350 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 33 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What records must I keep? 1054.350 Section 1054.350 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW, SMALL NONROAD SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES AND EQUIPMENT Production-line Testing § 1054.350 What records must I...

  6. 78 FR 40823 - Reports, Forms, and Record Keeping Requirements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Reports, Forms, and Record Keeping Requirements... interviews will be administered to a national sample of people 18 and older who are primary drivers...

  7. 40 CFR 1048.425 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 33 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What records must I keep? 1048.425 Section 1048.425 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW, LARGE NONROAD SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES Testing In-use Engines §...

  8. 40 CFR 1068.455 - What records must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What records must I keep? 1068.455 Section 1068.455 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS GENERAL COMPLIANCE PROVISIONS FOR ENGINE PROGRAMS Selective Enforcement Auditing § 1068.455...

  9. 29 CFR 1926.1425 - Keeping clear of the load.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 8 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Keeping clear of the load. 1926.1425 Section 1926.1425 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION Cranes and Derricks...

  10. 29 CFR 1926.1425 - Keeping clear of the load.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 8 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Keeping clear of the load. 1926.1425 Section 1926.1425 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION Cranes and Derricks...

  11. 29 CFR 1926.1425 - Keeping clear of the load.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 8 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Keeping clear of the load. 1926.1425 Section 1926.1425 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION Cranes and Derricks...

  12. 29 CFR 1926.1425 - Keeping clear of the load.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 8 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Keeping clear of the load. 1926.1425 Section 1926.1425 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION Cranes and Derricks...

  13. How Four School Systems Are Keeping Kids in School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Natale, Jo Anna

    1990-01-01

    Brief descriptions of what four school systems are doing to keep students in school or get them back once they have dropped out. The systems are located in Colorado Springs, Colorado; Washoe County, Nevada; Renton, Washington; and Central York School District, Pennsylvania. (MLF)

  14. 76 FR 34290 - Reports, Forms, and Record Keeping Requirements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-13

    ... the scope and magnitude of bicycle and pedestrian activity and the public's behavior and attitudes... and walking behavior is promoted as a positive contributor to the quality of life. But an increase in..., underscoring the need to have in place aggressive pedestrian and bicyclist safety programs to keep injuries...

  15. Molecular phosphorus ion source for semiconductor technology

    SciTech Connect

    Gushenets V. I.; Hershcovitch A.; Bugaev, A.S.; Oks, E.M.; Kulevoy, T.V.

    2012-02-15

    This paper presents results on the generation of molecular phosphorus ion beams in a hot filament ion source. Solid red phosphorous is evaporated mainly as tetra-atomic molecules up to a temperature of 800 C. Thus, one of the main conditions for producing maximum P{sub 4}{sup +} fraction in the beam is to keep the temperature of the phosphorous oven, the steam line and the discharge chamber walls no greater than 800 C. The prior version of our ion source was equipped with a discharge chamber cooling system. The modified source ensured a P{sub 4}{sup +} ion beam current greater than 30% of the total beam current.

  16. 17 CFR 256.01-2 - Application to service companies doing business with nonassociate companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... companies doing business with nonassociate companies. 256.01-2 Section 256.01-2 Commodity and Securities... COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 General Instructions § 256.01-2 Application to service companies doing business with nonassociate companies. While...

  17. A strategy for company improvement.

    PubMed

    Howley, L

    2000-03-01

    Strategies based on the kaizen methodology are designed to continuously improve company performance without the need for large capital investments. This article looks at how one company used simple kaizen principles to its advantage, achieving 67% increase in productivity and 10% reduction in the standard cost of product. PMID:10915491

  18. College Companies and Commercial Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Further Education Unit, London (England).

    A feasibility study determined the number and scope of existing college companies set up by permission of the Commercial Activities in Further Education Act in Great Britain. A sample of six colleges was studied; managing directors of the six companies took part in semistructured interviews to explore some issues in greater depth. The advantages…

  19. Judged by the Company You Keep? Exposure to Nonprejudiced Norms Reduces Concerns About Being Misidentified as Gay/Lesbian.

    PubMed

    Cascio, Jessica L; Plant, E Ashby

    2016-09-01

    Social contagion concerns, heterosexuals' fears about being misidentified as gay/lesbian, can lead to avoidant and hostile responses toward gay men/lesbians. We argue that apprehension about becoming the target of prejudice if misidentified as gay/lesbian contributes to contagion concerns. We hypothesized that exposing heterosexuals to others' nonprejudiced attitudes would reduce their contagion concerns. Consistent with these predictions, perceptions of peer prejudice statistically predicted contagion concerns, over and above personal prejudice (Study 1). In addition, participants exposed to a nonprejudiced versus a high-prejudiced norm (or control condition) expressed lower contagion concerns and less anxious/avoidant responses toward gay men/lesbians (Studies 2 and 4). Finally, exposure to fellow students' nonprejudiced views resulted in lower contagion concerns than a control group (Study 3) due to decreased concerns about becoming the target of prejudice if misidentified as gay/lesbian (Study 4). These results provide evidence that changing perceptions of others' prejudice can reduce contagion concerns. PMID:27340153

  20. Who We Become Depends on the Company We Keep and on What We Do and Say Together

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wells, Gordon

    2007-01-01

    In this commentary, I focus on the construction of identity and the important role of discoursing in this process. Rather than being "influenced" by external institutions, I argue, we form our identities by participating in the practices and discourses of many institutions and communities, appropriating their norms and values and, at the same…

  1. The Company They Keep and Avoid: Social Goal Orientation as a Predictor of Children's Ethnic Segregation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Travis M.; Rodkin, Philip C.; Ryan, Allison M.

    2014-01-01

    This study examined whether social goal orientation (i.e., demonstration-approach, demonstration--avoid, and social development goals) predicts changes in ethnic segregation among 4th and 5th grade African American and European American children (n = 713, ages 9-11 years) from fall to spring. Segregation measures were (a) same-ethnicity favoritism…

  2. 78 FR 43197 - Duke Energy Florida, Inc.; Florida Power & Light Company; Tampa Electric Company; Orlando...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-19

    ... Company; Orlando Utilities Commission; Notice of Compliance Filings Take notice that on July 10, 2013, Duke Energy Florida, Inc., Florida Power & Light Company, Tampa Electric Company, and Orlando...

  3. Company profile: Complete Genomics Inc.

    PubMed

    Reid, Clifford

    2011-02-01

    Complete Genomics Inc. is a life sciences company that focuses on complete human genome sequencing. It is taking a completely different approach to DNA sequencing than other companies in the industry. Rather than building a general-purpose platform for sequencing all organisms and all applications, it has focused on a single application - complete human genome sequencing. The company's Complete Genomics Analysis Platform (CGA™ Platform) comprises an integrated package of biochemistry, instrumentation and software that sequences human genomes at the highest quality, lowest cost and largest scale available. Complete Genomics offers a turnkey service that enables customers to outsource their human genome sequencing to the company's genome sequencing center in Mountain View, CA, USA. Customers send in their DNA samples, the company does all the library preparation, DNA sequencing, assembly and variant analysis, and customers receive research-ready data that they can use for biological discovery. PMID:21345140

  4. [Considerations and recommondations for species-appropriate and welfare friendly keeping of ratitae in Germany].

    PubMed

    Korbel, R; Schubert, M; Erhard, M; Wöhr, C; Bergmann, S; Rückschloss, S; Thiel, S; Engelhardt, H; Engelhardt, S

    2015-01-01

    Ostrich farming and keeping in Germany is of increasing interest. Ostrich farming includes keeping the animals as agricultural livestock (production of meat, leather, eggs), for display, hobby farming and keeping in zoological collections. Based on scientific research there is a steady increase in knowledge of keeping ratites according to sophisticated standards in terms of animal welfare legislation. Legislation and recommondations for keeping of ratitae are described. PMID:26235357

  5. 75 FR 42432 - Northern Natural Gas Company, Southern Natural Gas Company, Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-21

    ... Transmission Company, LLC, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC, and Enterprise Field Services, LLC..., LLC, and Enterprise Field Services, LLC, collectively referred to as the Applicants, in Refugio County... scoping process the Commission will use to gather input from the public and interested agencies on...

  6. 12 CFR 583.6 - Company.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Company. 583.6 Section 583.6 Banks and Banking... AND LOAN HOLDING COMPANIES § 583.6 Company. The term company means any corporation, partnership, trust, joint-stock company, or similar organization, but does not include: (a) The Federal Deposit...

  7. 12 CFR 583.6 - Company.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Company. 583.6 Section 583.6 Banks and Banking... AND LOAN HOLDING COMPANIES § 583.6 Company. The term company means any corporation, partnership, trust, joint-stock company, or similar organization, but does not include: (a) The Federal Deposit...

  8. 12 CFR 583.6 - Company.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Company. 583.6 Section 583.6 Banks and Banking... AND LOAN HOLDING COMPANIES § 583.6 Company. The term company means any corporation, partnership, trust, joint-stock company, or similar organization, but does not include: (a) The Federal Deposit...

  9. 12 CFR 583.6 - Company.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Company. 583.6 Section 583.6 Banks and Banking... AND LOAN HOLDING COMPANIES § 583.6 Company. The term company means any corporation, partnership, trust, joint-stock company, or similar organization, but does not include: (a) The Federal Deposit...

  10. 12 CFR 583.6 - Company.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Company. 583.6 Section 583.6 Banks and Banking... AND LOAN HOLDING COMPANIES § 583.6 Company. The term company means any corporation, partnership, trust, joint-stock company, or similar organization, but does not include: (a) The Federal Deposit...

  11. Development of arcjet and ion propulsion for spacecraft stationkeeping

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sovey, James S.; Curran, Francis M.; Haag, Thomas W.; Patterson, Michael J.; Pencil, Eric J.; Rawlin, Vincent K.; Sankovic, John M.

    1992-01-01

    Near term flight applications of arc jet and ion thruster satellite station-keeping systems as well as development activities in Europe, Japan, and the United States are reviewed. At least two arc jet and three ion propulsion flights are scheduled during the 1992-1995 period. Ground demonstration technology programs are focusing on the development of kW-class hydrazine and ammonia arc jets and xenon ion thrusters. Recent work at NASA LeRC on electric thruster and system integration technologies relating to satellite station keeping and repositioning will also be summarized.

  12. How to Keep Your Campus Safe from Infection

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Scott

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the author explains how antivirus programs work. He also explains how performances of various antivirus programs vary from one to another. He also takes a look at 13 antivirus programs and explains which of these will keep computers protected. These programs include: (1) Sophos Anti-Virus Version 3.86.2; (2) McAfee VirusScan 9.0;…

  13. [Requirements for the keeping of dangerous exotic animals].

    PubMed

    Moritz, J

    2003-05-01

    The problem of dangerous dogs receives a lot of public attention. However, there is another group of animals that can threaten public security--the group of dangerous exotic animals. In daily routine mainly venomous snakes, spiders and scorpions or crocodiles, giant snakes and snapping turtles are of practical importance. The paper gives hints how to keep these animals according to animal protection and public safety rules. PMID:12822263

  14. Optometric record keeping in a comprehensive health care environment.

    PubMed

    Rivard, B

    1996-05-01

    Optometric records which have evolved in private practice must be reconsidered when included in a comprehensive care environment. These hospital, health maintenance organization (HMO), preferred provider organization, and similarly linked systems require a higher degree of communication among specialties than do self-standing practices. Furthermore, the administrative requirements of such a system require more standardization, cost sensitivity, medicolegal compliance, and other elements pecular to a comprehensive facility. The expended scope of care provided by optometrists within a hospital requires familiarity with a new range of procedures, languages, and reports. Information from laboratories, radiology, and other areas must be incorporated into the optometric record. Continuity of care is more complex. Opportunities for strong interprofessional synergies within the organization arise directly from proactivity in optometric record keeping. New legal hot spots arise from questions of records ownership, access, and privacy. Billing procedures are becoming extremely important, with significant effects on quality assurance audits, coding, doctor "profiling" against fraud, and abuse; these priorities can interfere with clinical priorities. Driven primarily by the concerns and resources of large third-party payers, technology is making rapid changes in the form of optometric record keeping in comprehensive systems. Electronic data management will change the face of medical records, although administrative data will be digitized much more quickly than clinical notes. Comprehensive care environments will be the "test beds" for these technologies. Optometry is in a good position to show its contribution to the health care team through leadership in the implementation of new record keeping models. PMID:8771579

  15. 77 FR 66607 - Sierra Pacific Power Company, Nevada Power Company; Notice of Petition for Declaratory Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Sierra Pacific Power Company, Nevada Power Company; Notice of... Pacific Power Company and Nevada Power Company (Applicants) filed a petition for declaratory...

  16. Eastern Kodak Company

    SciTech Connect

    Y.S. Tyan

    2009-06-30

    Lighting consumes more than 20% of electricity generated in the United States. Solid state lighting relies upon either inorganic or organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). OLED devices because of their thinness, fast response, excellent color, and efficiency could become the technology of choice for future lighting applications, provided progress is made to increase power efficiency and device lifetime and to develop cost-effective manufacturing processes. As a first step in this process, Eastman Kodak Company has demonstrated an OLED device architecture having an efficacy over 50 lm/W that exceeds the specifications of DOE Energy Star Program Requirements for Solid State Lighting. The project included work designed to optimize an OLED device, based on a stacked-OLED structure, with performance parameters of: low voltage; improved light extraction efficiency; improved internal quantum efficiency; and acceptable lifetime. The stated goal for the end of the project was delivery of an OLED device architecture, suitable for development into successful commercial products, having over 50 lum/W power efficiency and 10,000 hours lifetime at 1000 cd/m{sup 2}. During the project, Kodak developed and tested a tandem hybrid IES device made with a fluorescent blue emitter, a phosphorescent yellow emitter, and a phosphorescent red emitter in a stacked structure. The challenge was to find low voltage materials that do not absorb excessive amounts of emitted light when the extraction enhancement structure is applied. Because an extraction enhancement structure forces the emitted light to travel several times through the OLED layers before it is emitted, it exacerbates the absorption loss. A variety of ETL and HTL materials was investigated for application in the low voltage SSL device structure. Several of the materials were found to successfully yield low operating device voltages without incurring excessive absorption loss when the extraction enhancement structure was applied

  17. 12 CFR 239.24 - Issuances of stock by subsidiary holding companies of mutual holding companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... companies of mutual holding companies. 239.24 Section 239.24 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) MUTUAL HOLDING COMPANIES (REGULATION... mutual holding companies. (a) Requirements. No subsidiary holding company of a mutual holding company...

  18. 12 CFR 239.24 - Issuances of stock by subsidiary holding companies of mutual holding companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... companies of mutual holding companies. 239.24 Section 239.24 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) MUTUAL HOLDING COMPANIES (REGULATION... mutual holding companies. (a) Requirements. No subsidiary holding company of a mutual holding company...

  19. How to keep on top of roofing issues.

    PubMed

    Franklin, Paul

    2012-10-01

    Paul Franklin, who heads up the Technical team at Bedford-based specialist testing and defect analysis company, RAM Consultancy, explains how healthcare building owners and occupiers such as NHS Trusts, and their estates and facilities teams, can best manage, maintain, and, when necessary, refurbish, their building envelope and roofs, in the process gaining some perhaps unexpected benefits. PMID:23140008

  20. Keeping Women Students in Technology: Preliminary Evaluation of an Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wasburn, Mara H.; Miller, Susan G.

    2008-01-01

    Increasingly, companies and corporations are seeking to diversify areas of their workforce that are predominantly male. Many of the positions in these areas are highly technical. However, despite abundant opportunities, women are not preparing themselves for technology-related careers. To develop a first step toward addressing this problem, a…

  1. Suggested Record-Keeping Procedures for DDOE Energy Programs

    SciTech Connect

    Schweitzer, Martin

    2008-09-01

    Sixteen different programs designed to increase energy efficiency and reduce the energy cost burden for District of Columbia residents, businesses, and non-profit organizations are currently provided by the District Department of the Environment's (DDOE's) Energy Office. In the spring of 2008, DDOE asked Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to provide assistance in its ongoing efforts to track the progress of those programs. Effective record-keeping can provide information to help managers improve their programs, be very useful in preparing quarterly reports documenting program achievements, and facilitate the performance of periodic evaluations that measure how well the various programs are achieving their objectives. The first major task in this study was to review existing documents describing DDOE's energy programs, to become familiar with the purpose and procedures of each one. The relevant documents included existing program evaluation plans, recent evaluations of DDOE's energy programs, relevant Public Service Commission orders, local regulatory filings, filings by other interested parties, and evaluation-related documents from other states. The next step was to conduct in-depth interviews with all DDOE energy program managers to obtain detailed information on each program's information needs, existing record-keeping procedures, and data collection capabilities. Those interviews were followed by discussions with DDOE evaluation staff to identify their key information requirements. Based on program goals and activities, evaluation and reporting needs, and other relevant factors revealed through the document review and in-depth interviews, we identified key items for each program on which the record-keeping effort should focus. The frequency of data collection was determined by the needs of program managers and evaluators as well as by reporting requirements. Appropriate analytical approaches to use with the data collected for each program were identified

  2. Spacecraft Station-Keeping Trajectory and Mission Design Tools

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chung, Min-Kun J.

    2009-01-01

    Two tools were developed for designing station-keeping trajectories and estimating delta-v requirements for designing missions to a small body such as a comet or asteroid. This innovation uses NPOPT, a non-sparse, general-purpose sequential quadratic programming (SQP) optimizer and the Two-Level Differential Corrector (T-LDC) in LTool (Libration point mission design Tool) to design three kinds of station-keeping scripts: vertical hovering, horizontal hovering, and orbiting. The T-LDC is used to differentially correct several trajectory legs that join hovering points. In a vertical hovering, the maximum and minimum range points must be connected smoothly while maintaining the spacecrafts range from a small body, all within the law of gravity and the solar radiation pressure. The same is true for a horizontal hover. A PatchPoint is an LTool class that denotes a space-time event with some extra information for differential correction, including a set of constraints to be satisfied by T-LDC. Given a set of PatchPoints, each with its own constraint, the T-LDC differentially corrects the entire trajectory by connecting each trajectory leg joined by PatchPoints while satisfying all specified constraints at the same time. Vertical and horizontal hover both are needed to minimize delta-v spent for station keeping. A Python I/F to NPOPT has been written to be used from an LTool script. In vertical hovering, the spacecraft stays along the line joining the Sun and a small body. An instantaneous delta-v toward the anti- Sun direction is applied at the closest approach to the small body for station keeping. For example, the spacecraft hovers between the minimum range (2 km) point and the maximum range (2.5 km) point from the asteroid 1989ML. Horizontal hovering buys more time for a spacecraft to recover if, for any reason, a planned thrust fails, by returning almost to the initial position after some time later via a near elliptical orbit around the small body. The mapping or

  3. A high-altitude station-keeping astronomical platform

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fesen, Robert A.

    2006-06-01

    Several commercial telecommunication ventures together with a well funded US military program make it a likely possibility that an autonomous, high-altitude, light-than-air (LTA) vehicle which could maneuver and station-keep for weeks to many months will be a reality in a few years. Here I outline how this technology could be used to develop a high-altitude astronomical observing platform which could return high-resolution optical data rivaling those from space-based platforms but at a fraction of the cost.

  4. 21 CFR 1310.03 - Persons required to keep records and file reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... AND REPORTS OF LISTED CHEMICALS AND CERTAIN MACHINES § 1310.03 Persons required to keep records and... chemical, a tableting machine, or an encapsulating machine shall keep a record of the transaction...

  5. 21 CFR 1310.03 - Persons required to keep records and file reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... AND REPORTS OF LISTED CHEMICALS AND CERTAIN MACHINES § 1310.03 Persons required to keep records and... chemical, a tableting machine, or an encapsulating machine shall keep a record of the transaction...

  6. 21 CFR 1310.03 - Persons required to keep records and file reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... AND REPORTS OF LISTED CHEMICALS AND CERTAIN MACHINES § 1310.03 Persons required to keep records and... chemical, a tableting machine, or an encapsulating machine shall keep a record of the transaction...

  7. 21 CFR 1310.03 - Persons required to keep records and file reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... AND REPORTS OF LISTED CHEMICALS AND CERTAIN MACHINES § 1310.03 Persons required to keep records and... chemical, a tableting machine, or an encapsulating machine shall keep a record of the transaction...

  8. 40 CFR 63.5920 - In what form and how long must I keep my records?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... can keep the records offsite for the remaining 3 years. (d) You may keep records in hard copy or computer readable form including, but not limited to, paper, microfilm, computer floppy disk, magnetic...

  9. 40 CFR 63.5920 - In what form and how long must I keep my records?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... can keep the records offsite for the remaining 3 years. (d) You may keep records in hard copy or computer readable form including, but not limited to, paper, microfilm, computer floppy disk, magnetic...

  10. 40 CFR 60.3047 - Where and in what format must I keep my records?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Times for Other Solid Waste Incineration Units That Commenced Construction On or Before December 9, 2004...) You must keep each record on site for at least 2 years. You may keep the records off site for...

  11. 40 CFR 60.3047 - Where and in what format must I keep my records?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Times for Other Solid Waste Incineration Units That Commenced Construction On or Before December 9, 2004...) You must keep each record on site for at least 2 years. You may keep the records off site for...

  12. Windampers help keep gallop-prone lines in service

    SciTech Connect

    Marks, J.

    1995-02-01

    Damping devices for eliminating galloping on transmission lines have found increasing support in the sleet belt of the midwest. In these areas, winter storms result in ice buildup in transmission lines, and in high winds the layer of ice acts like an airfoil, creating a lift force on conductors. If the force goes undamped, it may be amplified until galloping occurs, causing the lines to touch and trip out. Surveys show that galloping occurs in winds of about 25 mph, usually across flat terrain. Steel companies and the Denver Airport are some of the companies installing dampers on their own. There is a preference for the Windamper System because of its ease of installation. After looking at spoilers, pendulums, and dampers, dampers were preferred because the spoilers were made of plastic instead of metal which didn`t seem as reliable over the long term.

  13. Innovations in vaccine development: can regulatory authorities keep up?

    PubMed

    Cox, Manon M J; Onraedt, Annelies

    2012-10-01

    Vaccine Production Summit San Francisco, CA, USA, 4-6 June 2012 IBC's 3rd Vaccine Production Summit featured 28 presentations discussing regulatory challenges in vaccine development, including the use of adjuvants, vaccine manufacturing and technology transfer, process development for vaccines and the role of quality by design, how to address vaccine stability, and how vaccine development timelines can be improved. The conference was run in parallel with the single-use applications for Biopharmaceutical Manufacturing conference. Approximately 250 attendees from large pharmaceutical companies, large and small biotech companies, vendors and a more limited number from academia were allowed to access sessions of either conference, including one shared session. This article summarizes the recurring themes across various presentations. PMID:23176649

  14. The time keeping system for GPS block IIR

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rawicz, H. C.; Epstein, M. A.; Rajan, J. A.

    1993-01-01

    The precision time keeping system (TKS) in the Global Positioning System (GPS), Block IIR satellites is designed to operate under severe natural and man made environmental conditions. The Block IIR TKS provides precise, autonomous time keeping for periods of up to seven months, without the intervention of the GPS Control Segment. The TKS is implemented using both linear and non-linear controls. The resulting TKS architecture uses a hybrid analog/digital phase locked loop (PLL). The paper provides details of the design and analysis of the TKS. The simulation techniques and the test bed activities used in performing the TKS design trade-offs are described. The effects of non-linear controls are analyzed using a TKS computer simulation of the PLL. The results from a hardware test bed are provided that verify desired TKS operation. The design criteria for the TKS computer simulation and the hardware test bed are indicated. The concepts for verification and testing of the TKS computer simulation and hardware test bed are presented.

  15. Automatic lane keeping of a vehicle based on perception net

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boo, Kwangsuck; Jung, Moonyoung

    2000-10-01

    The objective of this research is to monitor and control the vehicle motion in order to remove out the existing safety risk based upon the human-machine cooperative vehicle control. A predictive control method is proposed to control the steering wheel of the vehicle to keep the lane. Desired angle of the steering wheel to control the vehicle motion could be calculated based upon vehicle dynamics, current and estimated pose of the vehicle every sample steps. The vehicle pose and the road curvature were calculated by geometrically fusing sensor data from camera image, tachometer and steering wheel encoder through the Perception Net, where not only the state variables, but also the corresponding uncertainties were propagated in forward and backward direction in such a way to satisfy the given constraint condition, maintain consistency, reduce the uncertainties, and guarantee robustness. A series of experiments was conducted to evaluate the control performance, in which a car like robot was utilized to quit unwanted safety problem. As the results, the robot was keeping very well a given lane with arbitrary shape at moderate speed.

  16. 75 FR 71417 - 2010 Company Organization Survey

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-23

    ... Bureau of the Census 2010 Company Organization Survey AGENCY: Bureau of the Census, Commerce. ACTION... Organization Survey. The survey's data are needed, in part, to update the multilocation companies in the... companies may be selected if an organizational change within the company is indicated, or if they have...

  17. 75 FR 76452 - ConocoPhillips Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-08

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission ConocoPhillips Company v. Enterprise TE Products Pipeline Company LLC... (ICA), ConocoPhillips Company (ConocoPhillips or Complainant) filed a complaint against Enterprise TE Products Pipeline Company LLC (Enterprise TEPPCO or Respondent) alleging that Enterprise TEPPCO has...

  18. How to Analyze Company Using Social Network?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Palus, Sebastian; Bródka, Piotr; Kazienko, Przemysław

    Every single company or institution wants to utilize its resources in the most efficient way. In order to do so they have to be have good structure. The new way to analyze company structure by utilizing existing within company natural social network and example of its usage on Enron company are presented in this paper.

  19. 12 CFR 150.420 - How long must I keep these records?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false How long must I keep these records? 150.420 Section 150.420 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FIDUCIARY POWERS... long must I keep these records? You must keep fiduciary records for three years after the...

  20. 30 CFR 250.467 - How long must I keep records?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How long must I keep records? 250.467 Section 250.467 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS... Permit to Modify and Well Records § 250.467 How long must I keep records? You must keep records for...

  1. 40 CFR 60.1670 - Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Where must I keep the plant-specific..., 1999 Model Rule-Good Combustion Practices: Operator Training § 60.1670 Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual? You must keep your operating manual in an easily accessible location at...

  2. 40 CFR 62.15125 - Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 9 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Where must I keep the plant-specific... August 30, 1999 Good Combustion Practices: Operator Training § 62.15125 Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual? You must keep your operating manual in an easily accessible location at...

  3. 40 CFR 60.1180 - Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Practices: Operator Training § 60.1180 Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual? You must keep your operating manual in an easily accessible location at your plant. It must be available for review... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Where must I keep the...

  4. 40 CFR 60.1180 - Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Practices: Operator Training § 60.1180 Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual? You must keep your operating manual in an easily accessible location at your plant. It must be available for review... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Where must I keep the...

  5. 40 CFR 60.1180 - Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Practices: Operator Training § 60.1180 Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual? You must keep your operating manual in an easily accessible location at your plant. It must be available for review... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Where must I keep the...

  6. 40 CFR 62.15125 - Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 9 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Where must I keep the plant-specific... August 30, 1999 Good Combustion Practices: Operator Training § 62.15125 Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual? You must keep your operating manual in an easily accessible location at...

  7. 40 CFR 62.15125 - Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 9 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Where must I keep the plant-specific... August 30, 1999 Good Combustion Practices: Operator Training § 62.15125 Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual? You must keep your operating manual in an easily accessible location at...

  8. 40 CFR 60.1670 - Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Where must I keep the plant-specific..., 1999 Model Rule-Good Combustion Practices: Operator Training § 60.1670 Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual? You must keep your operating manual in an easily accessible location at...

  9. 40 CFR 60.1670 - Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Where must I keep the plant-specific..., 1999 Model Rule-Good Combustion Practices: Operator Training § 60.1670 Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual? You must keep your operating manual in an easily accessible location at...

  10. 40 CFR 60.1180 - Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Practices: Operator Training § 60.1180 Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual? You must keep your operating manual in an easily accessible location at your plant. It must be available for review... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Where must I keep the...

  11. 40 CFR 62.15125 - Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 8 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Where must I keep the plant-specific... August 30, 1999 Good Combustion Practices: Operator Training § 62.15125 Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual? You must keep your operating manual in an easily accessible location at...

  12. 40 CFR 60.1180 - Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Practices: Operator Training § 60.1180 Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual? You must keep your operating manual in an easily accessible location at your plant. It must be available for review... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Where must I keep the...

  13. 40 CFR 60.1670 - Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Where must I keep the plant-specific..., 1999 Model Rule-Good Combustion Practices: Operator Training § 60.1670 Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual? You must keep your operating manual in an easily accessible location at...

  14. 40 CFR 62.15125 - Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 8 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Where must I keep the plant-specific... August 30, 1999 Good Combustion Practices: Operator Training § 62.15125 Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual? You must keep your operating manual in an easily accessible location at...

  15. 40 CFR 60.1670 - Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Where must I keep the plant-specific..., 1999 Model Rule-Good Combustion Practices: Operator Training § 60.1670 Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual? You must keep your operating manual in an easily accessible location at...

  16. 49 CFR 172.317 - KEEP AWAY FROM HEAT handling mark.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false KEEP AWAY FROM HEAT handling mark. 172.317 Section... REQUIREMENTS, AND SECURITY PLANS Marking § 172.317 KEEP AWAY FROM HEAT handling mark. (a) General. For... of Division 5.2 must be marked with the KEEP AWAY FROM HEAT handling mark specified in this...

  17. 49 CFR 172.317 - KEEP AWAY FROM HEAT handling mark.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false KEEP AWAY FROM HEAT handling mark. 172.317 Section... REQUIREMENTS, AND SECURITY PLANS Marking § 172.317 KEEP AWAY FROM HEAT handling mark. (a) General. For... of Division 5.2 must be marked with the KEEP AWAY FROM HEAT handling mark specified in this...

  18. 49 CFR 172.317 - KEEP AWAY FROM HEAT handling mark.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false KEEP AWAY FROM HEAT handling mark. 172.317 Section... REQUIREMENTS, AND SECURITY PLANS Marking § 172.317 KEEP AWAY FROM HEAT handling mark. (a) General. For... of Division 5.2 must be marked with the KEEP AWAY FROM HEAT handling mark specified in this...

  19. 49 CFR 172.317 - KEEP AWAY FROM HEAT handling mark.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false KEEP AWAY FROM HEAT handling mark. 172.317 Section... REQUIREMENTS, AND SECURITY PLANS Marking § 172.317 KEEP AWAY FROM HEAT handling mark. (a) General. For... of Division 5.2 must be marked with the KEEP AWAY FROM HEAT handling mark specified in this...

  20. 21 CFR 111.475 - Under this subpart M, what records must you make and keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Under this subpart M, what records must you make....475 Under this subpart M, what records must you make and keep? (a) You must make and keep records required under this subpart M in accordance with subpart P of this part. (b) You must make and keep...

  1. 21 CFR 111.475 - Under this subpart M, what records must you make and keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Under this subpart M, what records must you make....475 Under this subpart M, what records must you make and keep? (a) You must make and keep records required under this subpart M in accordance with subpart P of this part. (b) You must make and keep...

  2. 21 CFR 111.23 - Under this subpart C, what records must you make and keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... and keep? 111.23 Section 111.23 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... § 111.23 Under this subpart C, what records must you make and keep? (a) You must make and keep records... the dietary supplement, meets the requirements of § 111.15(e)(2)....

  3. 21 CFR 111.570 - Under this subpart O, what records must you make and keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Under this subpart O, what records must you make... Under this subpart O, what records must you make and keep? (a) You must make and keep the records required under this subpart O in accordance with subpart P of this part. (b) You must make and keep...

  4. 21 CFR 111.570 - Under this subpart O, what records must you make and keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Under this subpart O, what records must you make... Under this subpart O, what records must you make and keep? (a) You must make and keep the records required under this subpart O in accordance with subpart P of this part. (b) You must make and keep...

  5. 40 CFR 35.4180 - Must my group keep financial records after we finish our TAG?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Must my group keep financial records... Managing Your Tag § 35.4180 Must my group keep financial records after we finish our TAG? (a) You must keep TAG financial records for ten years from the date of the final Financial Status Report, or until...

  6. 40 CFR 35.4180 - Must my group keep financial records after we finish our TAG?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Must my group keep financial records... Managing Your Tag § 35.4180 Must my group keep financial records after we finish our TAG? (a) You must keep TAG financial records for ten years from the date of the final Financial Status Report, or until...

  7. How risky is your company?

    PubMed

    Simons, R

    1999-01-01

    In boom times, it is easy for managers to forget about risk. And not just financial risk, but organizational and operational risk as well. Now there's the risk exposure calculator, a new tool that will help managers determine exactly where and how much internal risk is mounting in their companies. The risk calculator is divided into three parts: The first set of "keys" alerts managers to the pressures that come from growth. Now that the company has taken off, are employees feeling increased pressure to perform? Is the company's infrastructure becoming overloaded? And are more new employees coming on board as the company rushes to fill positions? If the answer is yes to any one of those questions, then risk may be rising to dangerous levels. The second set of keys on the calculator highlights pressures that arise from corporate culture. Are too many rewards being given for entrepreneurial risk taking? Are executives becoming so resistant to bad news that no one feels comfortable alerting them to problems? And is the company's level of internal competition so high that employees see promotion as a zero-sum game? The final set of pressures, the author says, revolves around information management. When calculating these pressures, managers should ask themselves, what was the company's complexity, volume, and velocity of information a year ago? Have they risen? By how much? How much of the time am I doing the work that a computer system should be doing? High pressure on many or all of these points should set off alarm bells for managers. To control risk, managers have four levers of control at their disposal that will show them where they need to make organizational adjustments. PMID:10387580

  8. 12 CFR 225.102 - Bank holding company indirectly owning nonbanking company through subsidiaries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Bank holding company indirectly owning... BANK CONTROL (REGULATION Y) Regulations Financial Holding Companies Interpretations § 225.102 Bank... Company Act of 1956. It is stated that Y Company is an investment company which is not a bank...

  9. 75 FR 14436 - Ameren Corporation, Illinois Power Company, Central Illinois Light Company, Central Illinois...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Ameren Corporation, Illinois Power Company, Central Illinois Light Company, Central Illinois Public Service Company, Ameren Energy Resources Company, LLC, AmerenEnergy Resources Generating Company; Notice of Filing...

  10. 75 FR 28604 - Southern California Edison Company; Pacific Gas and Electric Company; San Diego Gas & Electric...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-21

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Southern California Edison Company; Pacific Gas and Electric Company; San Diego Gas & Electric Company; Notice of Petition for Declaratory Order May 13, 2010. Take notice that on... and Electric Company, and San Diego Gas & Electric Company filed a Petition for Declaratory...

  11. 17 CFR 250.7 - Companies deemed not to be electric or gas utility companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... electric or gas utility companies. 250.7 Section 250.7 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND... Registration and General Exemptions § 250.7 Companies deemed not to be electric or gas utility companies. (a... electric or gas utility company, shall not be deemed an electric or gas utility company within the...

  12. Coal companies hope to receive carbon credits for methane reductions

    SciTech Connect

    2007-09-30

    Each year, underground coal mining in the USA liberates 2.4 million tonnes of coal mine methane (CMM), of which less than 30% is recovered and used. One barrier to CMM recovery is cost. Drainage, collection, and utilization systems are complex and expensive to install. Two coal mines have improved the cost equation, however, by signing on to earn money for CMM emissions they are keeping out of the atmosphere. Jim Walter Resources and PinnOak Resources have joined a voluntary greenhouse gas reduction trading program called the Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX) to turn their avoided emissions into carbon credits. The example they set may encourage other coal mining companies to follow suit, and may bring new projects on the line that would otherwise have not gone forward. 2 refs., 1 fig.

  13. Keep out of hot water when remotely monitoring boilers

    SciTech Connect

    Kolbus, J.W.

    1994-11-01

    Everyone recognizes the importance of maintaining the proper water level in boilers and other steam equipment. Operators have long relied on devices such as water-level gages, mounted directly to boiler drums or to safety water columns attached to the drums, to show the level of the water, thus enabling them to keep it at a safe level, and assuring optimum fuel utilization. Advances in monitoring and control systems have made it possible to do the job more easily and efficiently, with accurate water-level readings clearly on display to operators who may be up to 1,000 ft away from the steam equipment. Today, there are a number of types of remote level-indicating devices in the marketplace--including electric, fiber-optic, manometric, and mechanical systems. In this article, the author describes the advantages and disadvantages of each. But to put their use in context, the paper first considers the requirements of the ASME Boiler Code.

  14. Keep your fingers crossed!: how superstition improves performance.

    PubMed

    Damisch, Lysann; Stoberock, Barbara; Mussweiler, Thomas

    2010-07-01

    Superstitions are typically seen as inconsequential creations of irrational minds. Nevertheless, many people rely on superstitious thoughts and practices in their daily routines in order to gain good luck. To date, little is known about the consequences and potential benefits of such superstitions. The present research closes this gap by demonstrating performance benefits of superstitions and identifying their underlying psychological mechanisms. Specifically, Experiments 1 through 4 show that activating good-luck-related superstitions via a common saying or action (e.g., "break a leg," keeping one's fingers crossed) or a lucky charm improves subsequent performance in golfing, motor dexterity, memory, and anagram games. Furthermore, Experiments 3 and 4 demonstrate that these performance benefits are produced by changes in perceived self-efficacy. Activating a superstition boosts participants' confidence in mastering upcoming tasks, which in turn improves performance. Finally, Experiment 4 shows that increased task persistence constitutes one means by which self-efficacy, enhanced by superstition, improves performance. PMID:20511389

  15. Station keeping of a solar sail around a Halo orbit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Farrés, Ariadna; Jorba, Àngel

    2014-01-01

    Solar sails are a concept of spacecraft propulsion that takes advantage of solar radiation pressure to propel a spacecraft. Although the thrust provided by a solar sail is small it is constant and unlimited. This offers the chance to deal with novel mission concept. In this work we want to discuss the controllability of a spacecraft around a Halo orbit by means of a solar sail. We will describe the natural dynamics for a solar sail around a Halo orbit. By natural dynamics we mean the behaviour of the trajectory of a solar sail when no control on the sail orientation is applied. We will then discuss how a sequence of changes on the sail orientation will affects the sail's trajectory, and we will use this information to derive efficient station keeping strategies. Finally we will check the robustness of these strategies including different sources of errors in our simulations.

  16. Lane-keeping benefits of practical rear axle steer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williams, Daniel Eugene

    2014-04-01

    The classic two-degree-of-freedom yaw-plane or 'bicycle' vehicle model is augmented with two additional states to describe lane-keeping behaviour and further augmented with an additional control input to steer the rear axle. A simple driver model is hypothesised where the driver closes a loop on a projected lateral lane position. The driver can select the preview distance to compensate driver/vehicle dynamics, consistent with the 'cross-over' model found in the literature. A rear axle steer control law is found to be a function of the front axle steering input and vehicle speed that exhibits stability similar to a positive-real system, while at the same time improving the ability of the driver/vehicle system to track a complex curved lane and improving steady-state manoeuvrability. The theoretically derived control law bears similarity to practical embodiments allowing a deeper understanding of the functional value of steering a rear axle.

  17. A Method to Keep Cushion Pressure under Control

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Senba, Hiromitsu; Matsuo, Hideo; Matsuo, Kensuke; Kanazawa, Koji; Hiroe, Tetsuyuki; Fujiwara, Kazuhito

    An effective method to keep cushion pressure constant under fluctuation of cushion volume of SES is proposed and examined experimentally. In general, the fluctuation is induced by wave pumping. In the method an air jet with the length equal to the width of the air cushion is adapted. The air cushion is formed by this jet and sealed at one side. On the other hand, the opposite side is sealed with a material like as a skirt. The air nozzle that supplies the air jet can revolve to control the cushion pressure. In experiments a two-dimensional air cushion model of SES was used, where the wave pumping was simulated by a piston. Angle of the air nozzle was changed dynamically to eliminate the fluctuation of cushion pressure occurred by the piston. The experimental results show that the fluctuation of the cushion pressure became drastically extinct. The availability of this method was cleared and proved.

  18. Keeping Wnt Signalosome in Check by Vesicular Traffic

    PubMed Central

    FENG, QIANG; GAO, NAN

    2015-01-01

    Wg/Wnts are paracrine and autocrine ligands that activate distinct signaling pathways while being internalized through surface receptors. Converging and contrasting views are shaping our understanding of whether, where, and how endocytosis may modulate Wnt signaling. We gather considerable amount of evidences to elaborate the point that signal-receiving cells utilize distinct, flexible, and sophisticated vesicular trafficking mechanisms to keep Wnt signaling activity in check. Same molecules in a highly context-dependent fashion serve as regulatory hub for various signaling purposes: amplification, maintenance, inhibition, and termination. Updates are provided for the regulatory mechanisms related to the three critical cell surface complexes, Wnt-Fzd-LRP6, Dkk1-Kremen-LRP6, and R-spondin-LGR5-RNF43, which potently influence Wnt signaling. We pay particular attentions to how cells achieve sustained and delicate control of Wnt signaling strength by employing comprehensive aspects of vesicular trafficking. PMID:25336320

  19. From NLS breathers to sea-keeping tests

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Onorato, M.; Proment, D.; Clauss, G.; Klein, M.

    2012-04-01

    Nowadays there is a general consensus on the existence of rogue waves in the ocean. During the last years many efforts in the community of physicists and oceanographers have been devoted to the understanding of their origin. At the same time, engineers and naval architectures have been interested on the consequences of the impact of rogue wave on offshore structures and ships. Recently, in the Technical University of Berlin (TUB) breather solutions of the Nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) equation have been successfully produced and used for the first time in sea-keeping tests, opening up new perspectives in the methodology of examining offshore structures and ships against rogue waves. Results on a LNG carrier and a chemical tanker will be presented.

  20. Keeping a Spacecraft on the Sun-Earth Line

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Roithmayr, Carlos M.; Kay-Bunnell, Linda

    2005-01-01

    Measurements of Earth's atmosphere as it occults sunlight can be obtained advantageously from a spacecraft placed in the proximity of the Sun-Earth Lagrange point L2. Maintaining the condition of continuous solar occultation by all parts of the atmospheric disk requires that the displacement of the spacecraft perpendicular to the Sun-Earth line remains less than 200 km. However, the gravitational force exerted by the Earth s moon must be negated by propulsion in order to meet this rather tight constraint. We provide an estimate of propulsive force needed to keep the spacecraft coincident with L2, as well as estimates of velocity increments needed to maintain various trajectories in the close vicinity of L2.

  1. Sales Training for Small Companies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinder, James F.

    1974-01-01

    The author suggests methods a sales manager in a small company can use to train effective salesmen; he defines the sales manager's role, and cites internal and external training resources. The absence of sales training courses in metropolitan Canada is noted. (AJ)

  2. What can be done to keep babies' skin healthy?

    PubMed

    Atherton, David; Mills, Kathryn

    2004-07-01

    Establishing a skincare routine that keeps babies' skin healthy remains a challenge for midwives and parents, since up to 50% of babies suffer from at least one episode of nappy rash at some time. Nappy rash is an irritant contact dermatitis caused by the interaction of several factors, particularly the prolonged contact of the skin with urine and faeces, which makes the skin more prone to disruption through friction with the nappy. Infection is not a primary cause of nappy rash, though secondary infection by Candida albicans can occur. Prevention of nappy rash is the ultimate goal, but if the condition does develop, treatment should aim to reverse the skin damage and prevent recurrence. We propose that routine baby skincare should comprise gentle cleansing whenever the nappy is soiled (using warm water or alcohol-free baby wipes), the use of good-quality super-absorbent nappies, and the application of a barrier preparation at every nappy change. Ideally, a barrier preparation should be clinically proven to be effective in babies and mimic the skin's natural function by forming a long-lasting barrier to maintain optimum moisture levels. It should not contain any unnecessary ingredients, including antiseptic, preservative or perfume (or other potential sensitisers), or any ingredients that are toxic or have undocumented safety. Treatment of nappy rash should comprise essentially the same actions as its prevention. Application of a barrier ointment at every nappy change can help to both prevent and treat this condition. Topical steroid therapy should be reserved for use where the condition has failed to respond to other approaches, and antifungal treatment should only be employed where Candida infection is established or suspected. Implementing these measures would form a simple skincare routine that could help keep babies' skin healthy. PMID:15314924

  3. DBD as a post-discharge bipolar ions source and selective ion-induced nucleation versus ions polarity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bourgeois, E.; Jidenko, N.; Alonso, M.; Borra, J. P.

    2009-10-01

    Ions densities and mobilities in post-dielectric barrier discharge (post-DBD) are presented here. To extract ions from DBD and perform post-discharge measurements the best functioning conditions are low overpressure, high frequency (>=25 kHz, to avoid electrocollection) and low flow rate (1 lpm, to reduce dilution). Besides, ions densities in post-discharge increase with electrode temperature and, at low flow rates, with the number of discharge filaments by time and surface unit (controlled by voltage at fixed frequency). In both cases, the reinforcement of dielectric material surface polarization reduces the local electrocollection of ions inside DBD or increases the production of ions by subcritical avalanches outside filaments. Concerning mobility measurements, it is shown that for low saturation, vapours emitted from post-DBD polymer tubes only affect positive ions mobility due to selective ion-induced nucleation on positive ions. When metal post-DBD tubes are used, positive ions keep the same range of electric mobility at any temperature while there is a drop in negative ions mobility around 100 °C, probably related to a chemical transition between O3 and NOx.

  4. Natural gas annual 1993 supplement: Company profiles

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1995-02-01

    The Natural Gas Annual provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas to a wide audience including industry, consumers, Federal and State agencies, and educational institutions. This report, the Natural Gas Annual 1993 Supplement: Company Profiles, presents a detailed profile of 45 selected companies in the natural gas industry. The purpose of this report is to show the movement of natural gas through the various States served by the companies profiled. The companies in this report are interstate pipeline companies or local distribution companies (LDC`s). Interstate pipeline companies acquire gas supplies from company owned production, purchases from producers, and receipts for transportation for account of others. Pipeline systems, service area maps, company supply and disposition data are presented.

  5. 76 FR 58263 - Kenai Pipe Line Company; Tesoro Alaska Company; Tesoro Logistics Operations, LLC; Notice of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Kenai Pipe Line Company; Tesoro Alaska Company; Tesoro Logistics Operations... Company (Tesoro Alaska), and Tesoro Logistics, LLC (TLO) (collectively, Tesoro) filed a Request...

  6. 75 FR 61835 - Jackson & Lansing Railroad Company-Trackage Rights Exemption-Norfolk Southern Railway Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-06

    ... Surface Transportation Board Jackson & Lansing Railroad Company--Trackage Rights Exemption-- Norfolk Southern Railway Company Pursuant to a written Assignment of Trackage Rights and Other Joint Facility Agreements (Trackage Agreement) dated September 16, 2010, Norfolk Southern Railway Company (NSR) has...

  7. Design study of primary ion provider for RHIC-EBIS

    SciTech Connect

    Kondo, K.; Kanesue, T.; Tamura, J.; Okamura, M.

    2009-09-20

    Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) has developed the new pre-injector system, Electron Beam Ion Source (EBIS) for Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and NASA Space Radiation Laboratory (NSRL). Design of primary ion provider is an essential problem since it is required to supply beams with different ion species to multiple users simultaneously. The laser ion source with a defocused laser can provide a low charge state and low emittance ion beam, and is a candidate for the primary ion source for RHIC-EBIS. We show a suitable design with appropriate drift length and solenoid, which helps to keep sufficient total charge number with longer pulse length. The whole design of primary ion source, as well as optics arrangement, solid targets configuration and heating about target, is presented.

  8. Microsecond pulsed hydrogen/deuterium exchange of electrosprayed ubiquitin ions stored in a linear ion trap.

    PubMed

    Rajabi, Khadijeh

    2015-02-01

    A pulse of D2O vapour on the order of microseconds is allowed to react with the +6 to +9 charge states of ubiquitin confined in a linear ion trap (LIT). Two envelopes of peaks are detected for the ions of ubiquitin, corresponding to the ions that exchange more quickly and more slowly. The deuterium uptake of the protonated sites on ubiquitin ions accounts for the ion population with the fast exchange. The hydrogen/deuterium exchange (HDX) kinetics of ubiquitin ions trapped in the LIT for 200 ms showed comparable structural transitions to those trapped for 300 ms. When ions are trapped for longer, i.e. up to 2000 ms, mainly the slow exchanging ion population is detected. In all experiments the +7 ions exchange the most, suggesting a short distance between the surface protonated sites and nearby charged sites, and concomitantly high accessibility of surface protonated sites towards D2O. The +6 ions are more compact than the +7 ions but have one fewer protonated site, therefore fewer surface availabilities for D2O attack. The data suggest that the +6 ions keep most of their solution-phase contacts intact while the hydrophobic core is slightly interrupted in the +7 ions, possibly due to the exposure of charged His68 that is normally buried in the hydrophobic pocket. The +8 and +9 ions have more protonated sites but are less compact than the +7 ions because of Coulombic repulsion, resulting in a larger distance between the protonated sites and the basic sites. The data indicate that the HDX mechanism of ions with the slower exchange corresponding to the second envelope of peaks is primarily governed via a relay mechanism. The results suggest that the pulsed HDX MS method is sampling a population of ubiquitin ions with a similar backbone fold to the solution. PMID:25553956

  9. Ion colliders

    SciTech Connect

    Fischer, W.

    2011-12-01

    Ion colliders are research tools for high-energy nuclear physics, and are used to test the theory of Quantum Chromo Dynamics (QCD). The collisions of fully stripped high-energy ions create matter of a temperature and density that existed only microseconds after the Big Bang. Ion colliders can reach higher densities and temperatures than fixed target experiments although at a much lower luminosity. The first ion collider was the CERN Intersecting Storage Ring (ISR), which collided light ions [77Asb1, 81Bou1]. The BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is in operation since 2000 and has collided a number of species at numerous energies. The CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) started the heavy ion program in 2010. Table 1 shows all previous and the currently planned running modes for ISR, RHIC, and LHC. All three machines also collide protons, which are spin-polarized in RHIC. Ion colliders differ from proton or antiproton colliders in a number of ways: the preparation of the ions in the source and the pre-injector chain is limited by other effects than for protons; frequent changes in the collision energy and particle species, including asymmetric species, are typical; and the interaction of ions with each other and accelerator components is different from protons, which has implications for collision products, collimation, the beam dump, and intercepting instrumentation devices such a profile monitors. In the preparation for the collider use the charge state Z of the ions is successively increased to minimize the effects of space charge, intrabeam scattering (IBS), charge change effects (electron capture and stripping), and ion-impact desorption after beam loss. Low charge states reduce space charge, intrabeam scattering, and electron capture effects. High charge states reduce electron stripping, and make bending and acceleration more effective. Electron stripping at higher energies is generally more efficient. Table 2 shows the charge states and energies in the

  10. ION SOURCE

    DOEpatents

    Martina, E.F.

    1958-04-22

    An improved ion source particularly adapted to provide an intense beam of ions with minimum neutral molecule egress from the source is described. The ion source structure includes means for establishing an oscillating electron discharge, including an apertured cathode at one end of the discharge. The egress of ions from the source is in a pencil like beam. This desirable form of withdrawal of the ions from the plasma created by the discharge is achieved by shaping the field at the aperture of the cathode. A tubular insulator is extended into the plasma from the aperture and in cooperation with the electric fields at the cathode end of the discharge focuses the ions from the source,

  11. Keeping the Air Clean and Safe: An Anthrax Smoke Detector

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    Scientists at work in the Planetary Protection division at NASA s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) sterilize everything before blasting it to the Red Planet. They take great pains to ensure that all spacecraft are void of bacterial life, especially the microscopic bacteria that can live hundreds of years in their spore states. No one is quite sure what Earthly germs would do on Mars, but scientists agree that it is safest to keep the Martian terrain as undisturbed as possible. Errant Earth germs would also render useless the instruments placed on exploration rovers to look for signs of life, as the life that they registered would be life that came with them from Earth. A team at JPL, headed by Dr. Adrian Ponce, developed a bacterial spore-detection system that uses a simple and robust chemical reaction that visually alerts Planetary Protection crews. It is a simple air filter that traps micron-sized bacterial spores and then submits them to the chemical reaction. When the solution is then viewed under an ultraviolet light, the mixture will glow green if it is contaminated by bacteria. Scientists can then return to the scrubbing and cleaning stages of the sterilization process to remove these harmful bacteria. The detection system is the space-bound equivalent of having your hands checked for cleanliness before being allowed to the table; and although intended to keep terrestrial germs from space, this technology has awesome applications here on Mother Earth. The bacterial spore-detection unit can recognize anthrax and other harmful, spore-forming bacteria and alert people of the impending danger. As evidenced in the anthrax mailings of fall 2001 in the United States, the first sign of anthrax exposure was when people experienced flu-like symptoms, which unfortunately, can take as much as a week to develop after contamination. Anthrax cost 5 people their lives and infected 19 others; and the threat of bioterrorism became a routine concern, with new threats popping up

  12. "The lobbying strategy is to keep excise as low as possible" - tobacco industry excise taxation policy in Ukraine

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Tobacco taxes are one of the most effective ways to reduce tobacco use. Transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) claim they wish to develop and secure excise systems that benefit both governments and the profitability of the companies themselves. The objective of the paper is to use the case of Ukraine, with its inconsistent history of excise tax changes in 1992-2008, to explore tobacco industry taxation strategies and tactics, and their implications for governmental revenues. Methods Details of tobacco industry policy on tobacco taxation in Ukraine were obtained by searching tobacco industry internal documents and various published reports. Results Even before entering the market in Ukraine, TTCs had made efforts to change the excise system in the country. In 1993-1994, TTCs lobbied the Ukrainian Government, and succeeded in achieving a lowering in tobacco tax. This, however, did not produce revenue increase they promised the Government. In 1996-1998, Ukrainian authorities increased excise several times, ignoring the wishes of TTCs, caused significant growth in revenue. Due to TTCs lobbying activities in 1999-2007 the tax increases were very moderate and it resulted in increased tobacco consumption in Ukraine. In 2008, despite the TTCs position, excise rates were increased twice and it was very beneficial for revenues. Conclusions The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control includes provisions both on tobacco taxation policy and on protection of public health policy from vested interests of tobacco industry. This paper provides arguments why tobacco taxation policy should also be protected from vested interests of tobacco industry. TTCs taxation strategy appears to be consistent: keep excise as low as possible. Apparent conflicts between TTCs concerning tax structures often hide their real aim to change tax structures for competing interests without increasing total tax incidence. Governments, that aim to reduce levels of tobacco use, should not allow

  13. Ergonomics contributions to company strategies.

    PubMed

    Dul, Jan; Neumann, W Patrick

    2009-07-01

    Managers usually associate ergonomics with occupational health and safety and related legislation, not with business performance. In many companies, these decision makers seem not to be positively motivated to apply ergonomics for reasons of improving health and safety. In order to strengthen the position of ergonomics and ergonomists in the business and management world, we discuss company strategies and business goals to which ergonomics could contribute. Conceptual models are presented and examples are given to illustrate: (1) the present situation in which ergonomics is not part of regular planning and control cycles in organizations to ensure business performance; and (2) the desired situation in which ergonomics is an integrated part of strategy formulation and implementation. In order to realize the desired situation, considerable changes must take place within the ergonomics research, education and practice community by moving from a health ergonomics paradigm to a business ergonomics paradigm, without losing the health and safety goals. PMID:18775532

  14. Investing in medical device companies.

    PubMed

    Benson, B; Mutsch, E

    1993-11-01

    For companies seeking investors, money is available, but it is not as easy to obtain as it has been in recent years. Although the medical device industry remains an attractive proposition, several factors have contributed to the downturn in public-offering investment. This article outlines these factors and discusses the types of medical technologies that are likely to attract investment in the immediate future. PMID:10146504

  15. Natural gas annual 1992: Supplement: Company profiles

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    The data for the Natural Gas Annual 1991 Supplement : Company Profiles are taken from Form EIA-176, (open quotes) Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition (close quotes). Other sources include industry literature and corporate annual reports to shareholders. The companies appearing in this report are major interstate natural gas pipeline companies, large distribution companies, or combination companies with both pipeline and distribution operations. The report contains profiles of 45 corporate families. The profiles describe briefly each company, where it operates, and any important issues that the company faces. The purpose of this report is to show the movement of natural gas through the various States served by the 45 large companies profiled.

  16. 78 FR 66785 - Luminant Generation Company, LLC

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION Luminant Generation Company, LLC AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice of receipt... consecutive weeks of ] a combined license (COL) application from Luminant Generation Company, LLC....

  17. 78 FR 68100 - Luminant Generation Company, LLC

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION Luminant Generation Company, LLC AGENCY: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). ACTION... consecutive weeks of a combined license (COL) application from Luminant Generation Company, LLC....

  18. 78 FR 69710 - Luminant Generation Company, LLC

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION Luminant Generation Company, LLC AGENCY: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). ACTION... consecutive weeks of a combined license (COL) application from Luminant Generation Company, LLC....

  19. Indigenous and multinational pharmaceutical companies.

    PubMed

    Lilja, J

    1983-01-01

    There is a set of complex relationships between governments and the pharmaceutical companies. These relationships can be analysed in many different ways. In the following article the drug system of each country will be the unit of analysis. The drug system includes all the decision processes, formal as well as informal, from the production or importation of drugs to the intake of the drug by the patient. The aim of this paper is to discuss how environmental factors, the strategies of the drug companies and the national policies, will effect the drug system of a country. Satisfying solutions to the economical and health goals of the country will be searched for. If we want a more rational discussion in this area, professionally and politically, we need more empirical knowledge about the multinational drug companies and their effects on society. This does not mean that we shall sit waiting for this new knowledge. We have to make decisions using todays knowledge. However, in the long run rational decision strategy must include ways to collect important empirical data about the phenomenom under investigation. The aim of this survey is to indicate areas where we already have quite good knowledge and indicate other areas where this data is missing. PMID:6623122

  20. Keep-Left Behavior Induced by Asymmetrically Profiled Walls

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oliveira, C. L. N.; Vieira, A. P.; Helbing, D.; Andrade, J. S.; Herrmann, H. J.

    2016-01-01

    We show, computationally and analytically, that asymmetrically shaped walls can organize the flow of pedestrians driven in opposite directions through a corridor. Precisely, a two-lane ordered state emerges in which people always walk on the left-hand side (or right-hand side), controlled by the system's parameters. This effect depends on features of the channel geometry, such as the asymmetry of the profile and the channel width, as well as on the density and the drift velocity of pedestrians, and the intensity of noise. We investigate in detail the influence of these parameters on the flow and discover a crossover between ordered and disordered states. Our results show that an ordered state only appears within a limited range of drift velocities. Moreover, increasing noise may suppress such flow organization, but the flow is always sustained. This is in contrast with the "freezing by heating" phenomenon according to which pedestrians tend to clog in smooth channels for strong noise [Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 1240 (2000)]. Therefore, the ratchetlike effect proposed here acts on the system not only to induce a "keep-left" behavior but also to prevent the freezing by heating clogging phenomenon. Besides pedestrian flow, this new phenomenon has other potential applications in microfluidics systems.

  1. How the visual brain encodes and keeps track of time.

    PubMed

    Salvioni, Paolo; Murray, Micah M; Kalmbach, Lysiann; Bueti, Domenica

    2013-07-24

    Time is embedded in any sensory experience: the movements of a dance, the rhythm of a piece of music, the words of a speaker are all examples of temporally structured sensory events. In humans, if and how visual cortices perform temporal processing remains unclear. Here we show that both primary visual cortex (V1) and extrastriate area V5/MT are causally involved in encoding and keeping time in memory and that this involvement is independent from low-level visual processing. Most importantly we demonstrate that V1 and V5/MT come into play simultaneously and seem to be functionally linked during interval encoding, whereas they operate serially (V1 followed by V5/MT) and seem to be independent while maintaining temporal information in working memory. These data help to refine our knowledge of the functional properties of human visual cortex, highlighting the contribution and the temporal dynamics of V1 and V5/MT in the processing of the temporal aspects of visual information. PMID:23884947

  2. Keeping checkpoint/restart viable for exascale systems.

    SciTech Connect

    Riesen, Rolf E.; Bridges, Patrick G.; Stearley, Jon R.; Laros, James H., III; Oldfield, Ron A.; Arnold, Dorian; Pedretti, Kevin Thomas Tauke; Ferreira, Kurt Brian; Brightwell, Ronald Brian

    2011-09-01

    Next-generation exascale systems, those capable of performing a quintillion (10{sup 18}) operations per second, are expected to be delivered in the next 8-10 years. These systems, which will be 1,000 times faster than current systems, will be of unprecedented scale. As these systems continue to grow in size, faults will become increasingly common, even over the course of small calculations. Therefore, issues such as fault tolerance and reliability will limit application scalability. Current techniques to ensure progress across faults like checkpoint/restart, the dominant fault tolerance mechanism for the last 25 years, are increasingly problematic at the scales of future systems due to their excessive overheads. In this work, we evaluate a number of techniques to decrease the overhead of checkpoint/restart and keep this method viable for future exascale systems. More specifically, this work evaluates state-machine replication to dramatically increase the checkpoint interval (the time between successive checkpoint) and hash-based, probabilistic incremental checkpointing using graphics processing units to decrease the checkpoint commit time (the time to save one checkpoint). Using a combination of empirical analysis, modeling, and simulation, we study the costs and benefits of these approaches on a wide range of parameters. These results, which cover of number of high-performance computing capability workloads, different failure distributions, hardware mean time to failures, and I/O bandwidths, show the potential benefits of these techniques for meeting the reliability demands of future exascale platforms.

  3. Piston designs keep pace with increased engine performance

    SciTech Connect

    Mullins, P.

    1996-12-01

    Piston technology for medium-speed diesel engines is having to keep pace with steadily increasing engine performance criteria. Specific output of medium-speed diesel engines has increased some 50% since 1970, according to Walter Griffiths, chief engineer at the UK-based AE Geotze Special Products Ltd. To satisfy the higher performance now required, a two-piece piston has been developed and went into production in 1995. This type still uses an aluminum alloy forged body, but incorporates a steel crown. The composite piston can carry higher engine ratings and resists the abrasive deposits formed by heavy fuel operation. It has become well established for bore sizes above 300 mm and is becoming increasingly specified for engines down to 200 mm. The latest solution to the carbon deposits on the top of the piston that has gained widespread acceptance within the industry is to reduce the diameter of the bore above the top ring and cut back the top land to maintain the normal operating clearance. This requires an insert to be fitted into the liner after the piston has been assembled. The effect is to limit the carbon build-up on the top land to a specific diameter, which is always less than the bore diameter. Thus there is no possibility of top land contact with the bore over the effective stroke of the piston rings. 2 figs.

  4. Safety management of deep water station-keeping systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moan, Torgeir

    2009-06-01

    Based on relevant in-service experience, this paper discusses how risks associated with station-keeping systems can be controlled through adequate design criteria, inspection, repair and maintenance practice, as well as quality assurance and control of the engineering processes. Particular focus must be placed on quantitative design for system robustness. The application of structural reliability analysis to quantify safety is briefly reviewed. In particular it was emphasized that reliability predictions based on normal uncertainties and variability yielded lower failure rates than those experienced for predictions of hulls and catenary mooring systems; gross errors in design, fabrication and operation were responsible. For this reason the broad safety management approach mentioned above was proposed. Moreover, it was found that this approach needed to be supported by a quantitative risk assessment. Finally, the challenges in dealing with the effects of human factors in risk management are outlined, along with means to deal with them in a qualitative manner, by the so-called barrier method to limit risk.

  5. Keeping Signals Straight: How Cells Process Information and Make Decisions

    PubMed Central

    Laub, Michael T.

    2016-01-01

    As we become increasingly dependent on electronic information-processing systems at home and work, it’s easy to lose sight of the fact that our very survival depends on highly complex biological information-processing systems. Each of the trillions of cells that form the human body has the ability to detect and respond to a wide range of stimuli and inputs, using an extraordinary set of signaling proteins to process this information and make decisions accordingly. Indeed, cells in all organisms rely on these signaling proteins to survive and proliferate in unpredictable and sometimes rapidly changing environments. But how exactly do these proteins relay information within cells, and how do they keep a multitude of incoming signals straight? Here, I describe recent efforts to understand the fidelity of information flow inside cells. This work is providing fundamental insight into how cells function. Additionally, it may lead to the design of novel antibiotics that disrupt the signaling of pathogenic bacteria or it could help to guide the treatment of cancer, which often involves information-processing gone awry inside human cells. PMID:27427909

  6. Keeping Signals Straight: How Cells Process Information and Make Decisions.

    PubMed

    Laub, Michael T

    2016-07-01

    As we become increasingly dependent on electronic information-processing systems at home and work, it's easy to lose sight of the fact that our very survival depends on highly complex biological information-processing systems. Each of the trillions of cells that form the human body has the ability to detect and respond to a wide range of stimuli and inputs, using an extraordinary set of signaling proteins to process this information and make decisions accordingly. Indeed, cells in all organisms rely on these signaling proteins to survive and proliferate in unpredictable and sometimes rapidly changing environments. But how exactly do these proteins relay information within cells, and how do they keep a multitude of incoming signals straight? Here, I describe recent efforts to understand the fidelity of information flow inside cells. This work is providing fundamental insight into how cells function. Additionally, it may lead to the design of novel antibiotics that disrupt the signaling of pathogenic bacteria or it could help to guide the treatment of cancer, which often involves information-processing gone awry inside human cells. PMID:27427909

  7. Dairy farming on permanent grassland: can it keep up?

    PubMed

    Kellermann, M; Salhofer, K

    2014-10-01

    Based on an extensive data set for southern Germany, we compared the productive performance of dairy farms that operate solely on permanent grassland and dairy farms using fodder crops from arable land. We allowed for heterogeneous production technologies and identified more intensive and extensive production systems for both types of farms, whereby we based our notion of intensive versus extensive dairy production on differences in stocking density and milk yield per cow and year. To be able to compare the productivity levels and productivity developments of the various groups of farms, we developed a group- and chain-linked multilateral productivity index. We also analyzed how technical change, technical efficiency change, and a scale change effect contribute to productivity growth between the years 2000 and 2008. Our results revealed that permanent grassland farms can generally keep up with fodder-crop farms, even in an intensive production setting. However, extensively operating farms, especially those on permanent grassland, significantly lag behind in productivity and productivity change and run the risk of losing ground. PMID:25108855

  8. How to Keep Your Head above Water While Detecting Errors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Laguna, Ignacio; Arshad, Fahad A.; Grothe, David M.; Bagchi, Saurabh

    Today's distributed systems need runtime error detection to catch errors arising from software bugs, hardware errors, or unexpected operating conditions. A prominent class of error detection techniques operates in a stateful manner, i.e., it keeps track of the state of the application being monitored and then matches state-based rules. Large-scale distributed applications generate a high volume of messages that can overwhelm the capacity of a stateful detection system. An existing approach to handle this is to randomly sample the messages and process a subset. However, this approach, leads to non-determinism with respect to the detection system's view of what state the application is in. This in turn leads to degradation in the quality of detection. We present an intelligent sampling algorithm and a Hidden Markov Model (HMM)-based algorithm to select the messages that the detection system processes and determine the application states such that the non-determinism is minimized. We also present a mechanism for selectively triggering computationally intensive rules based on a light-weight mechanism to determine if the rule is likely to be flagged. We demonstrate the techniques in a detection system called Monitor applied to a J2EE multi-tier application. We empirically evaluate the performance of Monitor under different load conditions and error scenarios and compare it to a previous system called Pinpoint.

  9. A preference for a sexual signal keeps females safe.

    PubMed

    Kim, Tae Won; Christy, John H; Choe, Jae C

    2007-01-01

    Predation is generally thought to constrain sexual selection by female choice and limit the evolution of conspicuous sexual signals. Under high predation risk, females usually become less choosy, because they reduce their exposure to their predators by reducing the extent of their mate searching. However, predation need not weaken sexual selection if, under high predation risk, females exhibit stronger preferences for males that use conspicuous signals that help females avoid their predators. We tested this prediction in the fiddler crab Uca terpsichores by increasing females' perceived predation risk from crab-eating birds and measuring the attractiveness of a courtship signal that females use to find mates. The sexual signal is an arching mound of sand that males build at the openings of their burrows to which they attract females for mating. We found that the greater the risk, the more attractive were males with those structures. The benefits of mate preferences for sexual signals are usually thought to be linked to males' reproductive contributions to females or their young. Our study provides the first evidence that a female preference for a sexual signal can yield direct survival benefits by keeping females safe as they search for mates. PMID:17487270

  10. A Preference for a Sexual Signal Keeps Females Safe

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Tae Won; Christy, John H.; Choe, Jae C.

    2007-01-01

    Predation is generally thought to constrain sexual selection by female choice and limit the evolution of conspicuous sexual signals. Under high predation risk, females usually become less choosy, because they reduce their exposure to their predators by reducing the extent of their mate searching. However, predation need not weaken sexual selection if, under high predation risk, females exhibit stronger preferences for males that use conspicuous signals that help females avoid their predators. We tested this prediction in the fiddler crab Uca terpsichores by increasing females' perceived predation risk from crab-eating birds and measuring the attractiveness of a courtship signal that females use to find mates. The sexual signal is an arching mound of sand that males build at the openings of their burrows to which they attract females for mating. We found that the greater the risk, the more attractive were males with those structures. The benefits of mate preferences for sexual signals are usually thought to be linked to males' reproductive contributions to females or their young. Our study provides the first evidence that a female preference for a sexual signal can yield direct survival benefits by keeping females safe as they search for mates. PMID:17487270

  11. Improving the record-keeping performance of direct service personnel.

    PubMed

    Christian, W P; Norris, M B; Anderson, S R; Blew, P A

    1984-01-01

    Record review procedures and contingent performance feedback were used to monitor and improve the record-keeping performance of human service staff in a behavioral residential treatment setting. A multiple baseline design was employed across three groups of B.A.-level human service personnel. The study consisted of five conditions: (1) Baseline 1; (2) Written Instructions (memoranda); (3) Written Performance Feedback; (4) Verbal Performance Feedback; and (5) Baseline 2 (return to the Baseline 1 condition). Dependent measures included highly reliable ratings by independent observers of the (1) essential documents present in case records, (2) documents approximately located/organized in case records, and (3) an overall rating of documents present, correctly organized, signed and dated, and not duplicated in the records. Results indicated that the procedures most frequently used to provide feedback to human services personnel--meetings, policy and procedure manuals, and/or written memoranda--were not as effective as verbal feedback sessions in prompting staff participation in case record maintenance. Findings were interpreted to suggest that, with adequate training, supervision, and performance appraisal, direct service personnel in residential treatment settings can effectively manage clients' case records and become more involved in, and committed to, accountability and quality control. PMID:10269107

  12. Concurrent processing of vehicle lane keeping and speech comprehension tasks.

    PubMed

    Cao, Shi; Liu, Yili

    2013-10-01

    With the growing prevalence of using in-vehicle devices and mobile devices while driving, a major concern is their impact on driving performance and safety. However, the effects of cognitive load such as conversation on driving performance are still controversial and not well understood. In this study, an experiment was conducted to investigate the concurrent performance of vehicle lane keeping and speech comprehension tasks with improved experimental control of the confounding factors identified in previous studies. The results showed that the standard deviation of lane position (SDLP) was increased when the driving speed was faster (0.30 m at 36 km/h; 0.36 m at 72 km/h). The concurrent comprehension task had no significant effect on SDLP (0.34 m on average) or the standard deviation of steering wheel angle (SDSWA; 5.20° on average). The correct rate of the comprehension task was reduced in the dual-task condition (from 93.4% to 91.3%) compared with the comprehension single-task condition. Mental workload was significantly higher in the dual-task condition compared with the single-task conditions. Implications for driving safety were discussed. PMID:23764876

  13. 78 FR 64911 - 2013 Company Organization Survey

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-30

    ... Bureau of the Census 2013 Company Organization Survey AGENCY: Bureau of the Census, Commerce. ACTION... Organization Survey. The survey's data are needed, in part, to update the multilocation companies in the... organizational change within the company is indicated, or if they have been selected through the...

  14. 76 FR 62759 - 2011 Company Organization Survey

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-11

    ... Bureau of the Census 2011 Company Organization Survey AGENCY: Bureau of the Census, Commerce. ACTION... Organization Survey. The survey's data are needed, in part, to update the multilocation companies in the... organizational change within the company is indicated, or if they have been selected through the...

  15. 76 FR 20458 - Mutual Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-12

    ... Office of Thrift Supervision Mutual Holding Company AGENCY: Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS), Treasury... collection. Title of Proposal: Mutual Holding Company. OMB Number: 1550-0072. Form Numbers: MHC-1 (OTS Form... whether the applicant meets the statutory and regulatory criteria to form a mutual holding company...

  16. Obliquely incident ion beam figuring

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Lin; Dai, Yifan; Xie, Xuhui; Li, Shengyi

    2015-10-01

    A new ion beam figuring (IBF) technique, obliquely incident IBF (OI-IBF), is proposed. In OI-IBF, the ion beam bombards the optical surface obliquely with an invariable incident angle instead of perpendicularly as in the normal IBF. Due to the higher removal rate in oblique incidence, the process time in OI-IBF can be significantly shortened. The removal rates at different incident angles were first tested, and then a test mirror was processed by OI-IBF. Comparison shows that in the OI-IBF technique with a 30 deg incident angle, the process time was reduced by 56.8%, while keeping the same figure correcting ability. The experimental results indicate that the OI-IBF technique is feasible and effective to improve the surface correction process efficiency.

  17. Ion Chromatography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulik, James D.; Sawicki, Eugene

    1979-01-01

    Accurate for the analysis of ions in solution, this form of analysis enables the analyst to directly assay many compounds that previously were difficult or impossible to analyze. The method is a combination of the methodologies of ion exchange, liquid chromatography, and conductimetric determination with eluant suppression. (Author/RE)

  18. Global leaf companies control the tobacco market in Malawi

    PubMed Central

    Otañez, Marty G; Mamudu, Hadii; Glantz, Stanton A

    2007-01-01

    Objective To examine the influence of US‐based tobacco leaf‐buying companies, Universal Corporation and Alliance One International, on Malawi's economy and trade policy in 2000–6. Design Analyses of ethnographic data and tobacco industry documents. Results Universal Corporation and Alliance One International, through their subsidiary companies Limbe Leaf and Alliance One, respectively, in Malawi, control policy‐making advisory groups and operate a tobacco cartel to influence Malawi's economic and trade sectors. Limbe Leaf's corporate secretary and lawyer is a member of several policy‐making committees that advise the Malawi government on tobacco‐related trade policy. The corporate representative's presence prevents other committee members from taking positions against the tobacco industry and ensures government policy that advances industry interests to obtain low‐cost tobacco. The World Bank and Malawi's Anti‐corruption Bureau report allegations of collusion between Limbe Leaf and Alliance One over prices at tobacco markets. Allegations of collusion between Limbe Leaf and Alliance One prompted Malawi President Bingu Mutharika in 2006 to warn the companies to end non‐competitive practices or leave the country, but there was no meaningful follow‐up action. Findings from interviews with small‐scale tobacco traders in Malawi suggest that Universal and Alliance One International purchase smuggled raw tobacco from the neighbouring countries, Zambia and Mozambique, undermining growers' efforts to benefit from tobacco farming in Malawi. Conclusion These actions restrict competition, depress tobacco prices for Malawi's farmers and contribute to poverty in Malawi, while keeping the country dependent on tobacco growing. PMID:17652242

  19. 17 CFR 256.311 - Other service company property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... (CONTINUED) UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC... company can furnish full information with respect to the amounts included herein. Income and...

  20. 77 FR 8956 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Integrity Mutual Insurance Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-15

    ... Supplement No. 9 to the Treasury Department Circular 570, 2011 Revision, published July 1, 2011, at 76 FR... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Integrity Mutual Insurance Company AGENCY.... 9305 to the following company: Integrity Mutual Insurance Company (NAIC 14303). Business Address:...

  1. 12 CFR 225.101 - Bank holding company's subsidiary banks owning shares of nonbanking companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...) apply to the aggregate amount of stock held in a particular organization by the bank holding company... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Bank holding company's subsidiary banks owning... company's subsidiary banks owning shares of nonbanking companies. (a) The Board's opinion has...

  2. 12 CFR 225.102 - Bank holding company indirectly owning nonbanking company through subsidiaries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Bank holding company indirectly owning... CONTROL (REGULATION Y) Regulations Financial Holding Companies Interpretations § 225.102 Bank holding... Act of 1956. It is stated that Y Company is an investment company which is not a bank holding...

  3. 12 CFR 225.102 - Bank holding company indirectly owning nonbanking company through subsidiaries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Bank holding company indirectly owning... CONTROL (REGULATION Y) Regulations Financial Holding Companies Interpretations § 225.102 Bank holding... Act of 1956. It is stated that Y Company is an investment company which is not a bank holding...

  4. 78 FR 62616 - Salmon Creek Hydroelectric Company, Salmon Creek Hydroelectric Company, LLC; Notice of Transfer...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-22

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Salmon Creek Hydroelectric Company, Salmon Creek Hydroelectric Company, LLC; Notice of Transfer of Exemption 1. By letter filed September 23, 2013, Salmon Creek Hydroelectric Company informed the Commission that they have changed its name to Salmon Creek Hydroelectric Company, LLC for...

  5. 78 FR 28831 - Mountaineer Gas Company v. Washington Gas Light Company; Notice of Complaint

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-16

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Mountaineer Gas Company v. Washington Gas Light Company; Notice of Complaint... complaint against Washington Gas Light Company (WGL or Respondent), pursuant to the Natural Gas Act (NGA... the contacts of Washington Gas Light Company as listed on the Commission's list of Corporate...

  6. 78 FR 27218 - Mountaineer Gas Company v. Washington Gas Light Company: Notice of Complaint

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-09

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Mountaineer Gas Company v. Washington Gas Light Company: Notice of Complaint... complaint against Washington Gas Light Company (WGL or Respondent), pursuant to the Natural Gas Act (NGA... the contacts of Washington Gas Light Company as listed on the Commission's list of Corporate...

  7. 77 FR 11529 - Louisville Gas and Electric Company; Kentucky Utilities Company; Notice of Petition for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-27

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Louisville Gas and Electric Company; Kentucky Utilities Company; Notice of... Gas and Electric Company and Kentucky Utilities Company, filed a Petition for Declaratory Order... (toll free). For TTY, call (202) 502-8659. Comment Date: 5 p.m. Eastern Time on March 15, 2012....

  8. 77 FR 25536 - Surety Companies Acceptable On Federal Bonds: Endurance American Insurance Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-30

    ... Supplement No. 17 to the Treasury Department Circular 570, 2011 Revision, published July 1, 2011, at 76 FR... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable On Federal Bonds: Endurance American Insurance Company AGENCY.... 9305 to the following company: Endurance American Insurance Company (NAIC 10641). Business Address:...

  9. 75 FR 22689 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Regent Insurance Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-29

    ... No. 11 to the Treasury Department Circular 570, 2009 Revision, published July 1, 2009, at 74 FR 31536... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Regent Insurance Company AGENCY: Financial... following company: Regent Insurance Company (NAIC 24449) Business Address: One General Drive, Sun...

  10. 75 FR 11228 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Pennsylvania Manufacturers Indemnity Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-10

    ..., at 74 FR 31536. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Surety Bond Branch at (202) 874-6850. SUPPLEMENTARY... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Pennsylvania Manufacturers Indemnity Company....C. 9305 to the following company: Pennsylvania Manufacturers Indemnity Company (NAIC...

  11. 78 FR 15123 - Surety Companies Acceptable On Federal Bonds: Atlantic Specialty Insurance Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-08

    ... Supplement No. 5 to the Treasury Department Circular 570, 2012 Revision, published July 2, 2012, at 77 FR... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable On Federal Bonds: Atlantic Specialty Insurance Company AGENCY.... 9305 to the following company: Atlantic Specialty Insurance Company (NAIC 27154). BUSINESS ADDRESS:...

  12. 77 FR 25535 - Surety Companies Acceptable On Federal Bonds: Pacific Employers Insurance Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-30

    ... Supplement No. 18 to the Treasury Department Circular 570, 2011 Revision, published July 1, 2011, at 76 FR... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable On Federal Bonds: Pacific Employers Insurance Company AGENCY....C. 9305 to the following company: Pacific Employers Insurance Company (NAIC 22748). Business...

  13. 75 FR 11228 - Surety Companies Acceptable On Federal Bonds: Manufacturers Alliance Insurance Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-10

    ..., at 74 FR 31536. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Surety Bond Branch at (202) 874-6850. SUPPLEMENTARY... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable On Federal Bonds: Manufacturers Alliance Insurance Company....C. 9305 to the following company: Manufacturers Alliance Insurance Company (NAIC 36897)....

  14. 77 FR 8956 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Grange Mutual Casualty Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-15

    ... Supplement No. 7 to the Treasury Department Circular 570, 2011 Revision, published July 1, 2011, at 76 FR... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Grange Mutual Casualty Company AGENCY.... 9305 to the following company: Grange Mutual Casualty Company (NAIC 14060). Business Address: 671...

  15. 76 FR 77591 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Aspen American Insurance Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-13

    ... Supplement No. 3 to the Treasury Department Circular 570, 2011 Revision, published July 1, 2011, at 76 FR... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Aspen American Insurance Company AGENCY.... 9305 to the following company: Aspen American Insurance Company (NAIC 43460). Business Address:...

  16. 75 FR 61246 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Darwin National Assurance Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-04

    ... Supplement No. 4 to the Treasury Department Circular 570, 2010 Revision, published July 1, 2010, at 75 FR... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Darwin National Assurance Company AGENCY.... 9305 to the following company: Darwin National Assurance Company (NAIC 16624). Business Address: 9...

  17. 12 CFR 239.24 - Issuances of stock by subsidiary holding companies of mutual holding companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Issuances of stock by subsidiary holding companies of mutual holding companies. 239.24 Section 239.24 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) MUTUAL HOLDING COMPANIES (REGULATION MM) Subsidiary Holding Companies §...

  18. 77 FR 55207 - Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC, Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-07

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC, Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC; Notice of Application Take notice that on August 16, 2012, Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC (FGT... & Tariffs, Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC, 5051 Westheimer Road, Houston, Texas, 77056, or call...

  19. 75 FR 2126 - Calais Pipeline Company, LLC; Calais LNG Project Company, LLC; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-14

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Calais Pipeline Company, LLC; Calais LNG Project Company, LLC; Notice of Application January 6, 2010. Take notice that on December 18, 2009, Calais LNG Project Company, LLC (Calais LNG) and Calais Pipeline Company, LLC (Calais Pipeline) 142 ] Main Street, P.O. Box 133, Calais,...

  20. 75 FR 60865 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Allied World Reinsurance Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-01

    ... Supplement No. 3 to the Treasury Department Circular 570, 2010 Revision, published July 1, 2010, at 75 FR... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Allied World Reinsurance Company AGENCY.... 9305 to the following company: Allied World Reinsurance Company (NAIC 22730). Business Address:...

  1. 78 FR 63564 - BNSF Railway Company-Trackage Rights Exemption-Union Pacific Railroad Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-24

    ... Surface Transportation Board BNSF Railway Company--Trackage Rights Exemption--Union Pacific Railroad Company Pursuant to a written trackage rights agreement, Union Pacific Railroad Company (UP) has agreed to grant overhead trackage rights to BNSF Railway Company (BNSF) over the following UP rail lines: (1)...

  2. 77 FR 14058 - BNSF Railway Company-Trackage Rights Exemption-Union Pacific Railroad Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-08

    ... Surface Transportation Board BNSF Railway Company--Trackage Rights Exemption--Union Pacific Railroad Company Pursuant to a written trackage rights agreement, Union Pacific Railroad Company (UP) has agreed to grant trackage rights to BNSF Railway Company (BNSF) over a portion of a line of railroad known as...

  3. 76 FR 34805 - Arkansas Midland Railroad Company, Inc., Trackage Rights Exemption; Caddo Valley Railroad Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-14

    ... Surface Transportation Board Arkansas Midland Railroad Company, Inc., Trackage Rights Exemption; Caddo Valley Railroad Company Pursuant to a written trackage rights agreement, Caddo Valley Railroad Company (CVR) has agreed to grant local trackage rights to Arkansas Midland Railroad Company, Inc. (AKMD)...

  4. 77 FR 67442 - Soo Line Railroad Company-Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption-BNSF Railway Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-09

    ... Surface Transportation Board Soo Line Railroad Company--Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption-- BNSF Railway Company BNSF Railway Company (BNSF), pursuant to a written trackage rights agreement (Agreement), has agreed to grant temporary overhead trackage rights to Soo Line Railroad Company d/b/a Canadian...

  5. 75 FR 21146 - Union Pacific Railroad Company-Trackage Rights Exemption-BNSF Railway Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-22

    ... Surface Transportation Board Union Pacific Railroad Company--Trackage Rights Exemption--BNSF Railway Company Pursuant to a written trackage rights agreement dated December 16, 2009, BNSF Railway Company (BNSF) has agreed to grant overhead trackage rights to Union Pacific Railroad Company (UP) over a...

  6. 78 FR 50141 - Illinois Central Railroad Company-Trackage Rights Exemption-BNSF Railway Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-16

    ... Surface Transportation Board Illinois Central Railroad Company--Trackage Rights Exemption-- BNSF Railway Company BNSF Railway Company (BNSF), pursuant to a written trackage rights agreement dated June 17, 2013, has agreed to grant overhead trackage rights to Illinois Central Railroad Company (IC), a wholly...

  7. 78 FR 23633 - Union Pacific Railroad Company-Trackage Rights Exemption-Illinois Central Railroad Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-19

    ... Surface Transportation Board Union Pacific Railroad Company--Trackage Rights Exemption-- Illinois Central Railroad Company Illinois Central Railroad Company (IC), pursuant to a written agreement dated December 18, 2012, has agreed to grant overhead trackage rights to Union Pacific Railroad Company (UP) over...

  8. 75 FR 10341 - Montoff Transportation Company, LLC-Acquisition Exemption-BNSF Railway Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-05

    ... Surface Transportation Board Montoff Transportation Company, LLC--Acquisition Exemption--BNSF Railway Company Montoff Transportation Company, LLC (Montoff), a noncarrier, has filed a verified notice of exemption under 49 CFR 1150.31 to acquire from BNSF Railway Company (BNSF) its right to reactivate...

  9. Keeping the Edges Sharp II: Honing Simulations of Narrow Rings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rimlinger, Thomas; Hamilton, Douglas; Hahn, Joseph M.

    2016-05-01

    It has long been believed that shepherd satellites are necessary to keep narrow rings confined. While a pair of nearby satellites brackets Saturn’s F ring and Uranus’ Epsilon ring, dozens of other ringlets observed around the outer three planets seem to be unattended. Hamilton et al. (this meeting) have argued analytically that eccentric or inclined rings can maintain their sharp edges for millions or even billions of years despite continually dissipating energy. Here, we present numerical integrations showing isolated eccentric ringlets that do not spread; our model includes only the gravity from an oblate planet, ring self-gravity, and viscosity. We use the symplectic integrator epi_int written by Hahn & Spitale (2013).For narrow rings, the weak perturbation forces that we study act on secular rather than orbital timescales. Therefore, we find that we can use an unusually long timestep, in which these weak forces are applied once every ~30 orbits, with good energy and angular momentum conservation. Long timesteps allow us to run simulations that might otherwise take hours or even days in a matter of minutes. We present comparisons between simulations with identical initial conditions but varying timesteps to show that our approach is appropriate for this class of problems. This technique of speeding up numerical integrations works for any symplectic integrator, requiring only that the forces be weak and that the timescale of interest be long. Problems well suited to this approach (those with only secular and drag forces) include tidally-damped exoplanets and dust grains subject to radiation pressure and Poynting-Robertson drag.

  10. A TDMA MIMO SAR radar for automated position-keeping

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Zhonghai; Lin, Xingping; Cumber, Steven; Fish, Ensign John; Pham, Khanh; Blasch, Erik; Chen, Genshe; Shen, Dan; Jia, Bin; Wang, Gang

    2015-05-01

    This paper presents a time division multiple access (TDMA) multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) synthetic aperture radar (SAR) with a sliding range window for automated position-keeping, which can be applied in vessel tracking/escorting, offshore deepwater drillship equipment servicing, etc. A MIMO SAR sensor predefines a special part of the target (i.e., the drillship, ship, or submarine) as the measurement target and does not need special assistant devices/targets installed on the target vessel/platform, so its application is convenient. In the measurement process, the sensor scans the target with multiple ranging gates, forms images of multiple sections of the target, detects the predefined part/target in these images, and then obtains the range and angle of the predefined target for relative localization. Our MIMO SAR has 13 transmitting antennas and 8 receiving antennas. All transmitting antennas share a transmitter and all receiving antennas share a receiver using switches to reduce cost. The MIMO SAR radar has 44 effective SAR phase centers, and the azimuth angle resolution is θ0.5/44 (finest, θ 0.5 is the antenna element's 3dB beamwidth). The transmitter transmits a chirped linear frequency modulated continuous wave (LFMCW) signal, and the receiver only processes the signal limited in the beat frequency region defined by the distance from the measurement target to the sensor and the interested measurement target extension, which is determined by the receiver bandwidth. With the sliding range window, the sensor covers a large range, and in the covered range window, it provides high accuracy measurements.

  11. Trace conditioning in insects—keep the trace!

    PubMed Central

    Dylla, Kristina V.; Galili, Dana S.; Szyszka, Paul; Lüdke, Alja

    2013-01-01

    Trace conditioning is a form of associative learning that can be induced by presenting a conditioned stimulus (CS) and an unconditioned stimulus (US) following each other, but separated by a temporal gap. This gap distinguishes trace conditioning from classical delay conditioning, where the CS and US overlap. To bridge the temporal gap between both stimuli and to form an association between CS and US in trace conditioning, the brain must keep a neural representation of the CS after its termination—a stimulus trace. Behavioral and physiological studies on trace and delay conditioning revealed similarities between the two forms of learning, like similar memory decay and similar odor identity perception in invertebrates. On the other hand differences were reported also, like the requirement of distinct brain structures in vertebrates or disparities in molecular mechanisms in both vertebrates and invertebrates. For example, in commonly used vertebrate conditioning paradigms the hippocampus is necessary for trace but not for delay conditioning, and Drosophila delay conditioning requires the Rutabaga adenylyl cyclase (Rut-AC), which is dispensable in trace conditioning. It is still unknown how the brain encodes CS traces and how they are associated with a US in trace conditioning. Insects serve as powerful models to address the mechanisms underlying trace conditioning, due to their simple brain anatomy, behavioral accessibility and established methods of genetic interference. In this review we summarize the recent progress in insect trace conditioning on the behavioral and physiological level and emphasize similarities and differences compared to delay conditioning. Moreover, we examine proposed molecular and computational models and reassess different experimental approaches used for trace conditioning. PMID:23986710

  12. Station Keeping of Small Outboard-Powered Boats

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fisher, A. D.; VanZwieten, J. H., Jr.; VanZwieten, T. S.

    2010-01-01

    Three station keeping controllers have been developed which work to minimize displacement of a small outboard-powered vessel from a desired location. Each of these three controllers has a common initial layer that uses fixed-gain feedback control to calculate the desired heading of the vessel. A second control layer uses a common fixed-gain feedback controller to calculate the net forward thrust, one of two algorithms for controlling engine angle (Fixed-Gain Proportional-integral-derivative (PID) or PID with Adaptively Augmented Gains), and one of two algorithms for differential throttle control (Fixed-Gain PID and PID with Adaptive Differential Throttle gains), which work together to eliminate heading error. The three selected controllers are evaluated using a numerical simulation of a 33-foot center console vessel with twin outboards that is subject to wave, wind, and current disturbances. Each controller is tested for its ability to maintain position in the presence of three sets of environmental disturbances. These algorithms were tested with current velocity of 1.5 m/s, significant wave height of 0.5 m, and wind speeds of 2, 5, and 10 m/s. These values were chosen to model conditions a small vessel may experience in the Gulf Stream off of Fort Lauderdale. The Fixed-gain PID controller progressively got worse as wind speeds increased, while the controllers using adaptive methodologies showed consistent performance over all weather conditions and decreased heading error by as much as 20%. Thus, enhanced robustness to environmental changes has been gained by using an adaptive algorithm.

  13. ION SWITCH

    DOEpatents

    Cook, B.

    1959-02-10

    An ion switch capable of transferring large magnitudes of power is described. An ion switch constructed in accordance with the invention includes a pair of spaced control electrodes disposed in a highly evacuated region for connection in a conventional circuit to control the passing of power therethrough. A controllable ionic conduction path is provided directiy between the control electrodes by a source unit to close the ion switch. Conventional power supply means are provided to trigger the source unit and control the magnitude, durations and pulse repetition rate of the aforementioned ionic conduction path.

  14. Finding, keeping, and revitalizing the meaning in family medicine.

    PubMed

    Van Dyke, Anne; Seger, Amy M

    2013-01-01

    The culture of medicine is undergoing revolutionary change. Physicians are pulled in many directions involving the practice of medicine, the business of medicine, and the technology of medicine. Financial incentives and career promotions may be dependent upon such things as patient satisfaction scores, as well as adherence to guidelines for admissions and diagnostic testing. Of course, these metrics are monitored closely by hospitals, insurance companies, and the federal government. The resultant seemingly endless paperwork, deadlines, and multiple demands may result in a sense of time famine for physicians. Unfortunately, these expectations and demands can subsequently diminish the passion for medicine. Moreover, physicians are at high risk for significant physical and emotional exhaustion, often leading to a sense of demoralization. Physicians can ultimately lose sight of their reasons for choosing the field of medicine. Indeed, they can lose the inspiration and "meaning" derived from work in medicine all together. How, then, does one buffer oneself against such perils, and maintain the original passion and meaning in a chosen career of service to others? This article will describe one program's approach to promoting resilience and maintaining meaning during the residency training years through the establishment of a Meaning in Family Medicine Group. The conceptual background, approach to curriculum development, goals and objectives, resident feedback, and suggestions about how to carry this curriculum beyond the residency training years will be discussed. PMID:24261266

  15. 75 FR 13147 - Integrity Life Insurance Company, et al.;

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-18

    ... COMMISSION Integrity Life Insurance Company, et al.; Notice of Application March 10, 2010. AGENCY: Securities...: Integrity Life Insurance Company (``Integrity''), Separate Account I of Integrity Life Insurance Company (``Integrity Separate Account I''), Separate Account II of Integrity Life Insurance Company...

  16. French oil companies in Africa

    SciTech Connect

    Rosa, S.D.

    1981-10-01

    Petroleum interest in Africa is fairly recent: the first exploration in 1947, Hassi Messaoud (Algeria) in 1957, and more serious interest on the part of French companies in the early 1960s. Two major French companies active in Africa are Elf Aquitaine and CIE Francaise des Petroles (CFP). Elf Aquitaine intends to maintain its effort in Gabon with 9 exploratory wells in 1980 and investments of 50 billion francs, and intends to lessen the production decline in the Congo, particularly after the discovery of the Emeraude offshore field. The difficulties here are the shallow depth forcing high angle directional drilling, high viscosity oil, and a very complex reservoir. Investments in the Congo include 45 billion francs including a terminal and an electric plant. CFP is active mainly in Tunisia, Sudan, and Egypt. In Tunisia, 6 fields are of interest, with investments in the order of 110 million francs. More recently, the effort in Egypt has seen further exploration and production from a well, with the investment of 80 million francs in 1980, probably doubling in 1981.

  17. Occupational noise in printing companies.

    PubMed

    Mihailovic, Aleksandra; Grujic, Selena D; Kiurski, Jelena; Krstic, Jelena; Oros, Ivana; Kovacevic, Ilija

    2011-10-01

    The extent of noise in five printing companies in Novi Sad, Serbia, was determined using TES-1358A Sound Analyzer with RS-232 Interface. The data on equivalent A-level (dBA), as well as, maximum and minimum sound pressure levels were collected. It was found that folders and offset printing units are the predominant noise sources, with the average L (eq) levels of 87.66 and 82.7 dBA, respectively. Forty percent of the machines produced noise levels above the limiting threshold level of 85 dBA, allowed by law. The noise in all printing companies was dominated by higher frequency noise, and the maximum level mostly appeared at 4,000 Hz. For offset printing machines and folders, the means of L (eq) levels exceeded the permissible levels given by NR-80 curve at higher frequencies. There are no published studies of occupational noise and hearing impairment of workers exposed to hazardous noise in printing industry in Serbia. More extensive studies are needed to determine the exact impact of noise on the workers. Technical and organizational measures in order to control noise and prevent noise exposure, and general hearing conservation program to protect workers, should be introduced in printing industry. PMID:21161679

  18. Ion related problems for the XLS ring

    SciTech Connect

    Bozoki, E.; Halama, H. )

    1989-07-11

    The electron beam in the XLS will collide with the residual gas in the vacuum chamber. The positive ions will be trapped in the potential well of the electron beam. They will perform stable or unstable oscillations around the beam under the repetitive Coulomb force of the bunches. If not cleared, the captured ions will lead to partial or total neutralization of the beam, causing both, a decrease of life-time and a change in the vertical tunes as well as an increase in the tune-spread. They can also cause coherent transverse instabilities. The degree of neutralization {theta} that one can tolerate, is primarily determined by the allowable tune shift, which of the XLS is between 1 and 5 10{sup {minus}3}. Electrostatic clearing electrodes will be used to keep the neutralization below the desired limit. In order to determine their location and the necessary clearing-rate and voltage, we examine the ion production rate, longitudinal velocity of ions in field-free regions and in the dipoles to see what distance the ions can travel without clearing before the neutralization of the beam reaches the prescribed limit, beam potential to see the locations of the potential wells, voltage requirements for ion clearing, critical mass for ion capture in the bunched beam, tune shift caused by neutralization of the beam, pressure rise due to the trapped ions and power dissipation due to beam image current. 13 refs., 3 figs., 4 tabs.

  19. Ion focusing

    SciTech Connect

    Cooks, Robert Graham; Baird, Zane; Peng, Wen-Ping

    2015-11-10

    The invention generally relates to apparatuses for focusing ions at or above ambient pressure and methods of use thereof. In certain embodiments, the invention provides an apparatus for focusing ions that includes an electrode having a cavity, at least one inlet within the electrode configured to operatively couple with an ionization source, such that discharge generated by the ionization source is injected into the cavity of the electrode, and an outlet. The cavity in the electrode is shaped such that upon application of voltage to the electrode, ions within the cavity are focused and directed to the outlet, which is positioned such that a proximal end of the outlet receives the focused ions and a distal end of the outlet is open to ambient pressure.

  20. ION SOURCE

    DOEpatents

    Leland, W.T.

    1960-01-01

    The ion source described essentially eliminater the problem of deposits of nonconducting materials forming on parts of the ion source by certain corrosive gases. This problem is met by removing both filament and trap from the ion chamber, spacing them apart and outside the chamber end walls, placing a focusing cylinder about the filament tip to form a thin collimated electron stream, aligning the cylinder, slits in the walls, and trap so that the electron stream does not bombard any part in the source, and heating the trap, which is bombarded by electrons, to a temperature hotter than that in the ion chamber, so that the tendency to build up a deposit caused by electron bombardment is offset by the extra heating supplied only to the trap.

  1. ION SOURCE

    DOEpatents

    Blue, C.W.; Luce, J.S.

    1960-07-19

    An ion source is described and comprises an arc discharge parallel to the direction of and inside of a magnetic field. an accelerating electrode surrounding substantially all of the discharge except for ion exit apertures, and means for establishing an electric field between that electrode and the arc discharge. the electric field being oriented at an acute angle to the magnetic field. Ions are drawn through the exit apertures in the accelrating electrcde in a direction substantially divergent to the direction of the magnetic field and so will travel in a spiral orbit along the magnetic field such that the ions will not strike the source at any point in their orbit within the magnetic field.

  2. Heat transfer education : Keeping it relevant and vibrant.

    SciTech Connect

    Khounsary, A. M.

    1998-08-14

    The motivation for a fresh look at heat transfer education, both in content and in methodology, is generated by a number of trends in engineering practice. These include the increasing demand for engineers with interdisciplinary skills, rapid integration of technology, emergence of computerized and interactive problem-solving tools, shortening time of concept-to-market, availability of new technologies, and an increasing number of new or redesigned products and processes in which heat transfer plays a part. Examination of heat transfer education in this context can be aided by considering the changes, both qualitatively and quantitatively, in the student, educator, and researcher populations, employment opportunities, in the needs of corporations, government, industry, and universities, and in the relevant technical problems and issues of the day. Such an overview provides the necessary background for charting a response to the difficult question of how to maintain excellence and continuity in heat transfer education in the face of rapid, widespread, and complex changes. The present paper addresses how to make heat transfer education more relevant and stimulating. This paper represents a written summary of a 1996 panel discussion at the 1996 International Mechanical Engineering Conference and Exhibition (IMECE) of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) in Atlanta, Georgia, on ''Heat Transfer Education: Keeping it Relevant and Vibrant,'' with significant expansion and amplification by the authors and the panelists in the 1997-98 period. The consensus of the participants is that the steps necessary to ensure the desired outcome in heat transfer education should include: (1) a better understanding of the interaction between the student, course content, and market needs; (2) an appreciation of the need in multidisciplinary industrial environments for engineers trained with a broad background: (3) a revision of the introductory heat transfer course to

  3. 25 CFR 12.41 - Who keeps statistics for Indian country law enforcement activities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Who keeps statistics for Indian country law enforcement... INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Records and Information § 12.41 Who keeps statistics for Indian country... the same reporting format and submit the same statistical reports to the Office of Law...

  4. 25 CFR 12.41 - Who keeps statistics for Indian country law enforcement activities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Who keeps statistics for Indian country law enforcement... INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Records and Information § 12.41 Who keeps statistics for Indian country... the same reporting format and submit the same statistical reports to the Office of Law...

  5. 25 CFR 12.41 - Who keeps statistics for Indian country law enforcement activities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Who keeps statistics for Indian country law enforcement... INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Records and Information § 12.41 Who keeps statistics for Indian country... the same reporting format and submit the same statistical reports to the Office of Law...

  6. 30 CFR 203.48 - Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise significantly?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... which you owe royalty. If you do not pay by that date, you must pay late payment interest under 30 CFR... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise... Sulfur General § 203.48 Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise significantly? (a) You must pay...

  7. 30 CFR 203.36 - Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise significantly?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise significantly? 203.36 Section 203.36 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION, AND... Deep Water Royalty Relief § 203.36 Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise significantly? (a) You...

  8. 30 CFR 203.36 - Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise significantly?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... do not pay by that date, you must pay late payment interest under 30 CFR 1218.54 from April 1 until... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise... Sulfur General § 203.36 Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise significantly? (a) You must pay...

  9. 30 CFR 203.36 - Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise significantly?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... do not pay by that date, you must pay late payment interest under 30 CFR 1218.54 from April 1 until... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise... Sulfur General § 203.36 Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise significantly? (a) You must pay...

  10. 30 CFR 203.48 - Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise significantly?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... which you owe royalty. If you do not pay by that date, you must pay late payment interest under 30 CFR... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise... Sulfur General § 203.48 Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise significantly? (a) You must pay...

  11. 30 CFR 203.36 - Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise significantly?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise significantly? 203.36 Section 203.36 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR... keep royalty relief if prices rise significantly? (a) You must pay royalties on all gas production...

  12. 30 CFR 203.48 - Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise significantly?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise significantly? 203.48 Section 203.48 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION, AND... Water Royalty Relief § 203.48 Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise significantly? (a) You must...

  13. Change--Into and Beyond 2007: Models To Keep Abreast of Change and to Implement Change.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Robert W.

    Two models can be suggested for keeping abreast of and implementing changes in business education and office procedures in order to take advantage of changing technology. The model for keeping abreast of change contains two major elements: sources of input and periodic meetings. The sources of input include attending meetings and conferences,…

  14. 49 CFR 26.11 - What records do recipients keep and report?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false What records do recipients keep and report? 26.11 Section 26.11 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation PARTICIPATION BY DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS ENTERPRISES IN DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS General § 26.11 What records do recipients keep and report?...

  15. 21 CFR 822.33 - How long must we keep the records?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false How long must we keep the records? 822.33 Section 822.33 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES POSTMARKET SURVEILLANCE Records and Reports § 822.33 How long must we keep the...

  16. 21 CFR 822.33 - How long must we keep the records?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false How long must we keep the records? 822.33 Section 822.33 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES POSTMARKET SURVEILLANCE Records and Reports § 822.33 How long must we keep the...

  17. 21 CFR 822.33 - How long must we keep the records?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false How long must we keep the records? 822.33 Section 822.33 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES POSTMARKET SURVEILLANCE Records and Reports § 822.33 How long must we keep the...

  18. 30 CFR 250.467 - How long must I keep records?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false How long must I keep records? 250.467 Section 250.467 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR... Applying for A Permit to Modify and Well Records § 250.467 How long must I keep records? You must...

  19. 30 CFR 250.467 - How long must I keep records?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false How long must I keep records? 250.467 Section 250.467 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR... Applying for A Permit to Modify and Well Records § 250.467 How long must I keep records? You must...

  20. 21 CFR 822.33 - How long must we keep the records?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false How long must we keep the records? 822.33 Section 822.33 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES POSTMARKET SURVEILLANCE Records and Reports § 822.33 How long must we keep the...

  1. 30 CFR 250.467 - How long must I keep records?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false How long must I keep records? 250.467 Section 250.467 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR... Applying for A Permit to Modify and Well Records § 250.467 How long must I keep records? You must...

  2. 30 CFR 203.36 - Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise significantly?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... do not pay by that date, you must pay late payment interest under 30 CFR 1218.54 from April 1 until... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise... Sulfur General § 203.36 Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise significantly? (a) You must pay...

  3. 30 CFR 203.48 - Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise significantly?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... which you owe royalty. If you do not pay by that date, you must pay late payment interest under 30 CFR... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise... Sulfur General § 203.48 Do I keep royalty relief if prices rise significantly? (a) You must pay...

  4. Longitudinal Associations between Keeping a Secret and Psychosocial Adjustment in Adolescence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frijns, Tom; Finkenauer, Catrin

    2009-01-01

    Increasing bodies of evidence suggest that keeping secrets may be detrimental to well-being and adjustment, whereas confiding secrets may alleviate the detriments of secrecy and benefit well-being and adjustment. However, few studies have addressed the consequences of keeping and confiding secrets simultaneously, and even fewer have done so…

  5. 16 CFR 460.9 - What test records you must keep.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false What test records you must keep. 460.9 Section 460.9 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF HOME INSULATION § 460.9 What test records you must keep. Manufacturers and testing labs...

  6. 16 CFR 460.9 - What test records you must keep.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false What test records you must keep. 460.9 Section 460.9 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF HOME INSULATION § 460.9 What test records you must keep. Manufacturers and testing labs...

  7. 16 CFR 460.9 - What test records you must keep.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What test records you must keep. 460.9 Section 460.9 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF HOME INSULATION § 460.9 What test records you must keep. Manufacturers and testing labs...

  8. 16 CFR 460.9 - What test records you must keep.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false What test records you must keep. 460.9 Section 460.9 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF HOME INSULATION § 460.9 What test records you must keep. Manufacturers and testing labs...

  9. 16 CFR 460.9 - What test records you must keep.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false What test records you must keep. 460.9 Section 460.9 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF HOME INSULATION § 460.9 What test records you must keep. Manufacturers and testing labs...

  10. Keep Yourself Alive. Prevention of Suicide in Young People: A Manual for Health Professionals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Graham; Clark, Shelia; Beckinsale, Paul; Stacey, Kathleen; Skene, Clive

    This manual is a ready reference guide to audio-visual resources of the "Keep Yourself Alive" program. It provides information for use with patients and clients as well as for personal professional development. Issues covered can be upsetting, and this material is not intended for direct use by children and young people. The "Keep Yourself Alive"…

  11. 17 CFR 1.31 - Books and records; keeping and inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Electronic Recordkeeper's electronic storage media to any medium acceptable under 17 CFR 1.31. The... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Books and records; keeping and... REGULATIONS UNDER THE COMMODITY EXCHANGE ACT Recordkeeping § 1.31 Books and records; keeping and...

  12. 41 CFR 102-34.345 - What records do we need to keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What records do we need to keep? 102-34.345 Section 102-34.345 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property... MANAGEMENT Federal Fleet Report § 102-34.345 What records do we need to keep? You are responsible...

  13. 41 CFR 102-38.265 - Must we keep records on administrative determinations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Must we keep records on administrative determinations? 102-38.265 Section 102-38.265 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal... OF PERSONAL PROPERTY Bids Mistakes in Bids § 102-38.265 Must we keep records on...

  14. 21 CFR 822.33 - How long must we keep the records?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How long must we keep the records? 822.33 Section...) MEDICAL DEVICES POSTMARKET SURVEILLANCE Records and Reports § 822.33 How long must we keep the records... we have accepted your final report, unless we specify otherwise....

  15. 30 CFR 585.714 - What records relating to SAPs, COPs, and GAPs must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What records relating to SAPs, COPs, and GAPs must I keep? 585.714 Section 585.714 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF... records relating to SAPs, COPs, and GAPs must I keep? (a) Until BOEM releases your financial...

  16. 30 CFR 285.714 - What records relating to SAPs, COPs, and GAPs must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What records relating to SAPs, COPs, and GAPs must I keep? 285.714 Section 285.714 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... to SAPs, COPs, and GAPs must I keep? (a) Until MMS releases your financial assurance under §...

  17. 30 CFR 585.714 - What records relating to SAPs, COPs, and GAPs must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What records relating to SAPs, COPs, and GAPs must I keep? 585.714 Section 585.714 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF... records relating to SAPs, COPs, and GAPs must I keep? (a) Until BOEM releases your financial...

  18. 30 CFR 285.714 - What records relating to SAPs, COPs, and GAPs must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What records relating to SAPs, COPs, and GAPs must I keep? 285.714 Section 285.714 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION... Verification Agent § 285.714 What records relating to SAPs, COPs, and GAPs must I keep? (a) Until MMS...

  19. 30 CFR 585.714 - What records relating to SAPs, COPs, and GAPs must I keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What records relating to SAPs, COPs, and GAPs must I keep? 585.714 Section 585.714 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF... records relating to SAPs, COPs, and GAPs must I keep? (a) Until BOEM releases your financial...

  20. Keeping Pace with K-12 Online & Blended Learning: An Annual Review of Policy and Practice, 2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, John; Murin, Amy; Vashaw, Lauren; Gemin, Butch; Rapp, Chris

    2013-01-01

    This is the 10th annual "Keeping Pace" report. "Keeping Pace" has several goals: (1) add to the body of knowledge about online education policy and practice, and make recommendations for advances; (2) serve as a reference source for information about programs and policies across the country, both for policymakers and…

  1. 38 CFR 17.164 - Patient responsibility in making and keeping dental appointments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... making and keeping dental appointments. 17.164 Section 17.164 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Dental Services § 17.164 Patient responsibility in making and keeping dental appointments. Any veteran eligible for dental treatment on a one-time completion basis only...

  2. 38 CFR 17.164 - Patient responsibility in making and keeping dental appointments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... making and keeping dental appointments. 17.164 Section 17.164 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Dental Services § 17.164 Patient responsibility in making and keeping dental appointments. Any veteran eligible for dental treatment on a one-time completion basis only...

  3. 38 CFR 17.164 - Patient responsibility in making and keeping dental appointments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... making and keeping dental appointments. 17.164 Section 17.164 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Dental Services § 17.164 Patient responsibility in making and keeping dental appointments. Any veteran eligible for dental treatment on a one-time completion basis only...

  4. 38 CFR 17.164 - Patient responsibility in making and keeping dental appointments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... making and keeping dental appointments. 17.164 Section 17.164 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Dental Services § 17.164 Patient responsibility in making and keeping dental appointments. Any veteran eligible for dental treatment on a one-time completion basis only...

  5. 38 CFR 17.164 - Patient responsibility in making and keeping dental appointments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... making and keeping dental appointments. 17.164 Section 17.164 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Dental Services § 17.164 Patient responsibility in making and keeping dental appointments. Any veteran eligible for dental treatment on a one-time completion basis only...

  6. 21 CFR 111.95 - Under this subpart E, what records must you make and keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... and keep? 111.95 Section 111.95 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... Production and Process Control System § 111.95 Under this subpart E, what records must you make and keep? (a... under § 111.75(c)(1) ensure that the dietary supplement meets all product specifications;...

  7. 25 CFR 12.41 - Who keeps statistics for Indian country law enforcement activities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Who keeps statistics for Indian country law enforcement... INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Records and Information § 12.41 Who keeps statistics for Indian country... the same reporting format and submit the same statistical reports to the Office of Law...

  8. 25 CFR 12.41 - Who keeps statistics for Indian country law enforcement activities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Who keeps statistics for Indian country law enforcement... INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Records and Information § 12.41 Who keeps statistics for Indian country... the same reporting format and submit the same statistical reports to the Office of Law...

  9. 30 CFR 1206.61 - What records must I keep and produce?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What records must I keep and produce? 1206.61 Section 1206.61 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE PRODUCT VALUATION Indian Oil § 1206.61 What records must I keep and produce? (a)...

  10. 30 CFR 1206.61 - What records must I keep and produce?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What records must I keep and produce? 1206.61 Section 1206.61 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE PRODUCT VALUATION Indian Oil § 1206.61 What records must I keep and produce? (a)...

  11. 30 CFR 1206.61 - What records must I keep and produce?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What records must I keep and produce? 1206.61 Section 1206.61 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE PRODUCT VALUATION Indian Oil § 1206.61 What records must I keep and produce? (a)...

  12. 21 CFR 111.375 - Under this subpart K, what records must you make and keep?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Under this subpart K, what records must you make... System: Requirements for Manufacturing Operations § 111.375 Under this subpart K, what records must you make and keep? (a) You must make and keep records required under this subpart K in accordance...

  13. 26 CFR 1.954-1 - Foreign base company income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...) Foreign base company shipping income, as defined in section 954(f); and (v) Foreign base company oil... company oil related income. However, gross income included in adjusted gross foreign base company income...) Foreign base company oil related income; or (v) Full inclusion foreign base company income. (B)...

  14. 26 CFR 1.954-1 - Foreign base company income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...) Foreign base company shipping income, as defined in section 954(f); and (v) Foreign base company oil... company oil related income. However, gross income included in adjusted gross foreign base company income...) Foreign base company oil related income; or (v) Full inclusion foreign base company income. (B)...

  15. 26 CFR 1.954-1 - Foreign base company income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...) Foreign base company shipping income, as defined in section 954(f); and (v) Foreign base company oil... company oil related income. However, gross income included in adjusted gross foreign base company income...) Foreign base company oil related income; or (v) Full inclusion foreign base company income. (B)...

  16. 26 CFR 1.954-1 - Foreign base company income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...) Foreign base company shipping income, as defined in section 954(f); and (v) Foreign base company oil... company oil related income. However, gross income included in adjusted gross foreign base company income...) Foreign base company oil related income; or (v) Full inclusion foreign base company income. (B)...

  17. 12 CFR 583.4 - Bank holding company.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Bank holding company. 583.4 Section 583.4 Banks... AFFECTING SAVINGS AND LOAN HOLDING COMPANIES § 583.4 Bank holding company. The term bank holding company means any company which has control over any bank or over any company that is or becomes a bank...

  18. 12 CFR 583.4 - Bank holding company.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Bank holding company. 583.4 Section 583.4 Banks... AFFECTING SAVINGS AND LOAN HOLDING COMPANIES § 583.4 Bank holding company. The term bank holding company means any company which has control over any bank or over any company that is or becomes a bank...

  19. 12 CFR 583.4 - Bank holding company.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Bank holding company. 583.4 Section 583.4 Banks... AFFECTING SAVINGS AND LOAN HOLDING COMPANIES § 583.4 Bank holding company. The term bank holding company means any company which has control over any bank or over any company that is or becomes a bank...

  20. 12 CFR 583.4 - Bank holding company.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Bank holding company. 583.4 Section 583.4 Banks... AFFECTING SAVINGS AND LOAN HOLDING COMPANIES § 583.4 Bank holding company. The term bank holding company means any company which has control over any bank or over any company that is or becomes a bank...