Science.gov

Sample records for issued 04-23-1999 guidance

  1. 78 FR 48175 - Retrospective Review of Draft Guidance Documents Issued Before 2010; Withdrawal of Guidances

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-07

    ... ``Administrative Practices and Procedures; Good Guidance Practices'' (GGP) (65 FR 56468; September 19, 2000). The... manufacturing practice (cGMP) compliance specific to manufacturing, processing, and dose unit sampling and... following guidances: 1. ``Manufacturing, Processing, or Holding Active Pharmaceutical...

  2. 77 FR 14402 - Draft Guidance on Classifying Significant Postmarket Drug Safety Issues; Availability

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-09

    ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of a draft guidance entitled ``Classifying Significant Postmarket Drug Safety Issues.'' This draft guidance describes FDA's current approach to classifying a significant postmarket drug safety issue as a ``priority'' tracked safety issue (TSI) or a ``standard'' TSI, with the capability of elevating some priority TSIs to an......

  3. 49 CFR 26.9 - How does the Department issue guidance and interpretations under this part?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false How does the Department issue guidance and... PROGRAMS General § 26.9 How does the Department issue guidance and interpretations under this part? (a... Transportation, Office of the Secretary of Transportation, FHWA, FTA, and FAA may issue written...

  4. 78 FR 68101 - Environmental Issues Associated With New Reactors and Specific Environmental Guidance for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-13

    ...On September 13, 2013, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) published a request for public comment on draft Interim Staff Guidance (ISG) ESP/COL-ISG 026, ``Interim Staff Guidance on Environmental Issues Associated with New Reactors'' and draft ISG ESP/ COL-ISG-027, ``Interim Staff Guidance on Specific Environmental Guidance for iPWR Reviews.'' The purpose of this ISG is to clarify the......

  5. 78 FR 56750 - Interim Staff Guidance on Environmental Issues Associated With New Reactors

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-13

    ...The U.S Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff is issuing for use of, and to solicit public comment on, draft Interim Staff Guidance (ISG) ESP/COL-ISG-026, ``Interim Staff Guidance on Environmental Issues Associated with New Reactors.'' The purpose of this ISG is to clarify the NRC guidance and application of NUREG 1555, ``Standard Review Plans for Environmental Reviews for Nuclear Power......

  6. Moral Guidance, Moral Philosophy, and Moral Issues in Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holt, Janet; Long, Tony

    1999-01-01

    A prescriptive moral guidance approach to teaching nursing ethics is unacceptable. Students should be introduced to philosophical methods to learn autonomous analysis and decision making. Case-study material based on personal experiences enhances the integration of ethical reasoning and clinical practice. (SK)

  7. Ethical Issues Associated with Information and Communication Technology in Counseling and Guidance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sampson, James P., Jr.; Makela, Julia Panke

    2014-01-01

    For more than 50 years, literature on the use of information and communication technology in counseling and guidance has presented ethical issues related to the development and use of technologies in practice. This paper reviews the ethical issues raised, organizing them into three categories: Social equity, resources, and services. Career…

  8. Finding your way. Networks need more enforcement guidance on a tangle of legal issues.

    PubMed

    Hudson, T

    1993-12-01

    Health care attorneys say more guidance is needed for their clients as they structure integrated health networks, so they can avoid violating laws governing fraud and abuse, physician referrals, competitiveness and tax-exempt status. Unfortunately, for the time being, there's still relatively scant advice federal agencies can give hospitals, physician groups and other provider organizations in these areas. An overview of the issues, and views from regulators and experts. PMID:8242114

  9. 76 FR 58846 - Final Interim Staff Guidance: Review of Evaluation To Address Gas Accumulation Issues in Safety...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-22

    ... guidance documents. Disposition: On November 12, 2009 (74 FR 58323), the NRC staff issued proposed DC/COL....5.2, ``Containment Spray System'' of NUREG-0800, ``Standard Review Plan for the Review of...

  10. CHARACTERIZATION OF ORGANIC EMISSIONS FROM HAZARDOUS WASTE INCINERATION PROCESSES UNDER THE NEW EPA DRAFT RISK BURN GUIDANCE: MEASUREMENT ISSUES

    EPA Science Inventory

    The paper discusses measurement issues relating to the characterization of organic emissions from hazardous waste incineration processes under EPA's new risk burn guidance. The recently published draft quidance recommends that hazardous waste combustion facilities complete a mass...

  11. 41 CFR 102-5.25 - What additional guidance concerning home-to-work transportation should Federal agencies issue?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What additional guidance concerning home-to-work transportation should Federal agencies issue? 102-5.25 Section 102-5.25 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION GENERAL...

  12. 75 FR 57469 - Guidance on Withdrawal of Subjects From Research: Data Retention and Other Related Issues

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-21

    ... (73 FR 72804). OHRP received comments on the draft guidance document from 30 individuals and... Federal Register on December 1, 2008 (73 FR 72804). OHRP received comments on the draft guidance document...-402-2071. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Irene Stith-Coleman, PhD, Office for Human...

  13. Analysis of concentrating PV-T systems for the commercial/industrial sector. Volume III. Technical issues and design guidance

    SciTech Connect

    Schwinkendorf, W.E.

    1984-09-01

    This report provide appropriate guidance for addressing the major technical issues associated with the design and installation of a photovoltaic-thermal (PV-T) system. Nomographs are presented for developing preliminary sizing and costing, and issues associated with specific components and the overall design of the electrical and mechanical system are discussed. SAND82-7157/2 presents a review of current PV-T technology and operating systems and a study of potential PV-T applications. Detailed PV-T system designs for three selected applications and the results of a trade-off study for these applications are presented in SAND82-7157/4. A summary of the major results of this entire study and conclusions concerning PV-T systems and applications is presented in SAND82-7157/1.

  14. Sexual Harassment in the Schools. Background on Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 and Guidance Issued by the Office of Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Counseling Association, Alexandria, VA.

    Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 prohibits sex discrimination in all schools and education programs that receive federal funds. Sexual harassment of students is one form of sex discrimination barred by the law. Detailed guidance on Title IX, issued by the Office of Civil Rights of the Department of Education, the enforcement agency for…

  15. Public Policies for Career Development. Case Studies And Emerging Issues For Designing Career Information And Guidance Systems In Developing And Transition Economies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watts, A. G.; Fretwell, David H.

    2004-01-01

    The following pages summarize the findings of seven case-studies of public policy in career guidance carried out in Chile, the Philippines, Poland, Romania, Russia, South Africa and Turkey. The objectives of this World Bank study were: to identify and describe the distinctive issues faced by developing and transition economies in forming effective…

  16. Internet Guidance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savage, Frank X.

    1999-01-01

    States that children need proper guidance and boundaries to reap the benefits of the Internet. Focuses on two issues: how parents can protect their children from the Internet's potential dangers and how they can help their children use the Internet to get work done. Includes suggestions for teachers to help parents meet these challenges. (VWC)

  17. CHARACTERISTICS OF ORGANIC EMISSIONS FROM HAZARDOUS WASTE INCINERATION PROCESSES UNDER THE NEW EPA DRAFT RISK BURN GUIDANCE: MEASUREMENT ISSUES

    EPA Science Inventory

    EPA's recently published draft Risk Burn Guidance recommends that hazardous waste combustion facilities complete a mass balance of the total organics (TOs) that may be emitted from the combustor. TOs, consisting of three distinct fractions (volatile, semivolatile, and nonvolatile...

  18. Corporate information management guidance

    SciTech Connect

    1997-08-01

    At the request of the Department of Energy`s (DOE) Information Management (IM) Council, IM representatives from nearly all Headquarters (HQ) organizations have been meeting over the past year as the Corporate Guidance Group (CGG) to develop useful and sound corporate information management (IM) guidance. The ability of the Department`s IM community to develop such unified guidance continues to be critical to the success of future Departmental IM planning processes and the establishment of a well-coordinated IM environment between Headquarters and field organizations. This report, with 26 specific corporate IM guidance items documented and unanimously agreed to, as well as 12 items recommended for further development and 3 items deferred for future consideration, represents a highly successful effort by the IM community. The effort has proven that the diverse DOE organizations can put aside individual preferences and work together towards a common and mutually beneficial goal. In examining most areas and issues associated with information management in the Department, they have developed specific, far-reaching, and useful guidance. The IM representatives recommend that the documented guidance items provided in this report and approved by the DOE IM Council be followed by all IM organizations. The representatives also strongly recommend that the guidance process developed by the CGG be the single process for developing corporate IM guidance.

  19. Books for Professionals: Discipline and Guidance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Margaret A.

    1994-01-01

    Reviews two books that promote a view of discipline as teaching and guidance. "Guiding Young Children" (Verna Hildebrand) offers specific child guidance techniques and a discussion of general issues affecting child guidance. "Constructive Guidance and Discipline: Preschool and Primary Education" (Majorie V. Fields and Cindy Boesser) focuses on…

  20. Guidance Matters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gartrell, Dan

    2005-01-01

    In this column, the author shares and comments on early childhood educators' use of guidance to foster young children's development and learning. He defines guidance as the commitment a teacher makes to teaching children how to solve their problems, rather than punishing them for having problems they haven't yet learned how to solve. The focus of…

  1. Public health economics: a systematic review of guidance for the economic evaluation of public health interventions and discussion of key methodological issues

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background If Public Health is the science and art of how society collectively aims to improve health, and reduce inequalities in health, then Public Health Economics is the science and art of supporting decision making as to how society can use its available resources to best meet these objectives and minimise opportunity cost. A systematic review of published guidance for the economic evaluation of public health interventions within this broad public policy paradigm was conducted. Methods Electronic databases and organisation websites were searched using a 22 year time horizon (1990–2012). References of papers were hand searched for additional papers for inclusion. Government reports or peer-reviewed published papers were included if they; referred to the methods of economic evaluation of public health interventions, identified key challenges of conducting economic evaluations of public health interventions or made recommendations for conducting economic evaluations of public health interventions. Guidance was divided into three categories UK guidance, international guidance and observations or guidance provided by individual commentators in the field of public health economics. An assessment of the theoretical frameworks underpinning the guidance was made and served as a rationale for categorising the papers. Results We identified 5 international guidance documents, 7 UK guidance documents and 4 documents by individual commentators. The papers reviewed identify the main methodological challenges that face analysts when conducting such evaluations. There is a consensus within the guidance that wider social and environmental costs and benefits should be looked at due to the complex nature of public health. This was reflected in the theoretical underpinning as the majority of guidance was categorised as extra-welfarist. Conclusions In this novel review we argue that health economics may have come full circle from its roots in broad public policy economics. We may

  2. Quality in Careers Guidance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plant, Peter

    This paper examines quality issues in career guidance, counseling, and information services in Europe and elsewhere from a range of different perspectives related to economic, ethical, and/or effectiveness criteria. Selected examples from the European Union member states, Canada, and the United States are used to illustrate how quality is…

  3. Guidance for the New Millenium?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLaren, David J.

    1996-01-01

    Reviews the "Guidance Arrangements" consultation document issued with "Higher Still" (proposed new Scottish upper secondary curricula). Argues that the paper ignores the full implications for educational change in Higher Still and misses the opportunity for timely modernization of school guidance. Advocates a cross-curricular model of guidance…

  4. Toward a "Common Definition of English Learner": Guidance for States and State Assessment Consortia in Defining and Addressing Policy and Technical Issues and Options

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linquanti, Robert; Cook, H. Gary

    2013-01-01

    States participating in the four federally-funded assessment consortia are required to establish a "common definition of English Learner." This includes the two Race to the Top academic assessment consortia and the two Enhanced Assessment Grant English language proficiency (ELP) assessment consortia. This paper provides guidance that…

  5. Access Issues in Adult Vocational Guidance and Counselling for People at Risk of Social Exclusion. Perspectives from Two Qualitative Research Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clayton, Pamela; McGill, Paul

    2000-01-01

    Two studies (of 105 Scottish adults returning to study and of social exclusion and lifelong learning) identified structural barriers in adult access to guidance services: rural location, disability, single parenthood, eldercare, homelessness, criminal record, and refugee status. Solutions include publicity, partnerships, outreach, and supportive…

  6. GUIDANCE DOCUMENTS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Defn: Guidance Document - A peer-reviewed document stating overarching principles and practices to be followed (also includes handbook documents).

    Theater As A Guidance Technique

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolpert, William

    1973-01-01

    Guidance-drama activity provides (a) crisp definitions of selected issues; (b) potent modeling from the characters in the play, the students actively engaged in the play, and the students involved in the discussions that follow the play; and (c) a technique for peer-led discussions on sensitive issues. This article gives precise definition to the…

  7. 76 FR 61098 - Guidance for 1-Hour SO2

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-03

    ...Notice is hereby given that the EPA has posted its draft non- binding guidance titled, ``Guidance for 1-Hour SO2 NAAQS SIP Submissions'' on its Web site. The EPA invites public comments on this guidance document during the comment period specified below, and plans to issue an updated version of the guidance after reviewing timely submitted...

  8. Guidance in social and ethical issues related to clinical, diagnostic care and novel therapies for hereditary neuromuscular rare diseases: "translating" the translational.

    PubMed

    McCormack, Pauline; Woods, Simon; Aartsma-Rus, Annemieke; Hagger, Lynn; Herczegfalvi, Agnes; Heslop, Emma; Irwin, Joseph; Kirschner, Janbernd; Moeschen, Patrick; Muntoni, Francesco; Ouillade, Marie-Christine; Rahbek, Jes; Rehmann-Sutter, Christoph; Rouault, Francoise; Sejersen, Thomas; Vroom, Elizabeth; Straub, Volker; Bushby, Kate; Ferlini, Alessandra

    2013-01-01

    Drug trials in children engage with many ethical issues, from drug-related safety concerns to communication with patients and parents, and recruitment and informed consent procedures. This paper addresses the field of neuromuscular disorders where the possibility of genetic, mutation-specific treatments, has added new complexity. Not only must trial design address issues of equity of access, but researchers must also think through the implications of adopting a personalised medicine approach, which requires a precise molecular diagnosis, in addition to other implications of developing orphan drugs. It is against this background of change and complexity that the Project Ethics Council (PEC) was established within the TREAT-NMD EU Network of Excellence. The PEC is a high level advisory group that draws upon the expertise of its interdisciplinary membership which includes clinicians, lawyers, scientists, parents, representatives of patient organisations, social scientists and ethicists. In this paper we describe the establishment and terms of reference of the PEC, give an indication of the range and depth of its work and provide some analysis of the kinds of complex questions encountered. The paper describes how the PEC has responded to substantive ethical issues raised within the TREAT-NMD consortium and how it has provided a wider resource for any concerned parent, patient, or clinician to ask a question of ethical concern. Issues raised range from science related ethical issues, issues related to hereditary neuromuscular diseases and the new therapeutic approaches and questions concerning patients rights in the context of patient registries and bio-banks. We conclude by recommending the PEC as a model for similar research contexts in rare diseases. PMID:23330068

  9. Guidance in Social and Ethical Issues Related to Clinical, Diagnostic Care and Novel Therapies for Hereditary Neuromuscular Rare Diseases: “Translating“ the Translational

    PubMed Central

    McCormack, Pauline; Woods, Simon; Aartsma-Rus, Annemieke; Hagger, Lynn; Herczegfalvi, Agnes; Heslop, Emma; Irwin, Joseph; Kirschner, Janbernd; Moeschen, Patrick; Muntoni, Francesco; Ouillade, Marie-Christine; Rahbek, Jes; Rehmann-Sutter, Christoph; Rouault, Francoise; Sejersen, Thomas; Vroom, Elizabeth; Straub, Volker; Bushby, Kate; Ferlini, Alessandra

    2013-01-01

    Drug trials in children engage with many ethical issues, from drug-related safety concerns to communication with patients and parents, and recruitment and informed consent procedures. This paper addresses the field of neuromuscular disorders where the possibility of genetic, mutation-specific treatments, has added new complexity. Not only must trial design address issues of equity of access, but researchers must also think through the implications of adopting a personalised medicine approach, which requires a precise molecular diagnosis, in addition to other implications of developing orphan drugs. It is against this background of change and complexity that the Project Ethics Council (PEC) was established within the TREAT-NMD EU Network of Excellence. The PEC is a high level advisory group that draws upon the expertise of its interdisciplinary membership which includes clinicians, lawyers, scientists, parents, representatives of patient organisations, social scientists and ethicists. In this paper we describe the establishment and terms of reference of the PEC, give an indication of the range and depth of its work and provide some analysis of the kinds of complex questions encountered. The paper describes how the PEC has responded to substantive ethical issues raised within the TREAT-NMD consortium and how it has provided a wider resource for any concerned parent, patient, or clinician to ask a question of ethical concern. Issues raised range from science related ethical issues, issues related to hereditary neuromuscular diseases and the new therapeutic approaches and questions concerning patients rights in the context of patient registries and bio-banks. We conclude by recommending the PEC as a model for similar research contexts in rare diseases. PMID:23330068

  10. Project 10 Handbook: Addressing Lesbian and Gay Issues in Our Schools. A Resource Directory for Teachers, Guidance Counselors, Parents and School-Based Adolescent Care Providers. Third Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friends of Project 10, Inc.

    This handbook was developed by Project 10, an on-campus counseling program within the Los Angeles (California) Unified School District. The handbook covers many of the issues and problems that arise for homosexual high school students. Introductory material includes a history of the informal beginnings of Project 10. The first chapter describes…

  11. 76 FR 48870 - Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff; Class II Special Controls Guidance...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-09

    ..., and ease of reading. The draft of this guidance issued on September 28, 2010 (75 FR 59726) and the... supersedes the guidance with the same name that issued on April 3, 2007 (72 FR 15888). II. Significance of...; Class II Special Controls Guidance Document: Herpes Simplex Virus Types 1 and 2 Serological...

  12. Developing Local Lifelong Guidance Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watts, A. G.; Hawthorn, Ruth; Hoffbrand, Jill; Jackson, Heather; Spurling, Andrea

    1997-01-01

    Outlines the background, rationale, methodology, and outcomes of developing local lifelong guidance strategies in four geographic areas. Analyzes the main components of the strategies developed and addresses a number of issues relating to the process of strategy development. Explores implications for parallel work in other localities. (RJM)

  13. Issues in NASA Program and Project Management. Special Edition: A Collection of Papers on NASA Procedures and Guidance 7120.5A. Volume 14

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hoffman, Edward J. (Editor); Lawbaugh, William M. (Editor)

    1998-01-01

    A key aspect of NASA's new Strategic Management System is improving the way we plan, approve, execute and evaluate our programs and projects. To this end, NASA has developed the NASA Program and Project Management processes and Requirements-NASA Procedures and Guidelines (NPG) 7120.5A, which formally documents the "Provide Aerospace Products and Capabilities" crosscutting process, and defines the processes and requirements that are responsive to the Program/Project Management-NPD 7120.4A. The Program/Project Management-NPD 7120.4A, issued November 14, 1996, provides the policy for managing programs and projects in a new way that is aligned with the new NASA environment. An Agencywide team has spent thousands of hours developing the NASA Program and Project Management Processes and Requirements-NPG 7120.5A. We have created significant flexibility, authority and discretion for the program and project managers to exercise and carry out their duties, and have delegated the responsibility and the accountability for their programs and projects.

  14. 75 FR 76992 - Guidance for the Public, FDA Advisory Committee Members, and FDA Staff: The Open Public Hearing...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-10

    ... In the February 15, 2005, issue of the Federal Register (70 FR 7747), FDA issued a notice announcing... disclosure. This guidance is being issued consistent with FDA's good guidance practices regulation (21 CFR...

  15. NASP Issues Guidance on Personnel Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lazarus, Philip J.; Myers, Mary Alice; Skalski, Anastasia Kalamaros

    2012-01-01

    In November 2011, the National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) created the Personnel Assessment Task Force comprising national and state leaders with knowledge of effective personnel evaluation systems. Task force participants included school psychologist supervisors, university professors, NASP leadership, and staff. The primary…

  16. Elementary School Guidance Bibliography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biasco, Frank

    This bibliography lists articles and books dealing with elementary school guidance. The bibliography is arranged alphabetically by author. No annotations are given. Approximately 70 titles are given, covering most phases of elementary guidance. (KJ)

  17. Unified powered flight guidance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brand, T. J.; Brown, D. W.; Higgins, J. P.

    1973-01-01

    A complete revision of the orbiter powered flight guidance scheme is presented. A unified approach to powered flight guidance was taken to accommodate all phases of exo-atmospheric orbiter powered flight, from ascent through deorbit. The guidance scheme was changed from the previous modified version of the Lambert Aim Point Maneuver Mode used in Apollo to one that employs linear tangent guidance concepts. This document replaces the previous ascent phase equation document.

  18. 78 FR 21611 - Guidance for Industry on Self-Selection Studies for Nonprescription Drug Products; Availability

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-11

    ... specific protocols. This guidance finalizes the draft guidance issued on September 19, 2011 (76 FR 58018... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Guidance for Industry on Self-Selection Studies for... entitled ``Self-Selection Studies for Nonprescription Drug Products.'' This guidance is intended to...

  19. 75 FR 50801 - Reverse Mortgage Products: Guidance for Managing Compliance and Reputation Risks

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-17

    ... Compliance and Reputation Risks (proposed guidance), 74 FR 66652 (December 16, 2009). The proposed guidance... nontraditional mortgages. Interagency Guidance on Nontraditional Mortgage Product Risks, 71 FR 58609, 58617 n.19... issues in the guidance. \\4\\ See 74 FR 68314 (Dec. 23, 2009) and 74 FR 68326 (Dec. 23, 2009)....

    1. RH Packaging Program Guidance

      SciTech Connect

      Washington TRU Solutions LLC

      2008-01-12

      The purpose of this program guidance document is to provide the technical requirements for use, operation, inspection, and maintenance of the RH-TRU 72-B Waste Shipping Package (also known as the "RH-TRU 72-B cask") and directly related components. This document complies with the requirements as specified in the RH-TRU 72-B Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP), and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Certificate of Compliance (C of C) 9212. If there is a conflict between this document and the SARP and/or C of C, the C of C shall govern. The C of C states: "...each package must be prepared for shipment and operated in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 7.0, Operating Procedures, of the application." It further states: "...each package must be tested and maintained in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 8.0, Acceptance Tests and Maintenance Program of the Application." Chapter 9.0 of the SARP tasks the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Management and Operating (M&O) Contractor with assuring the packaging is used in accordance with the requirements of the C of C. Because the packaging is NRC-approved, users need to be familiar with Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) §71.8, "Deliberate Misconduct." Any time a user suspects or has indications that the conditions of approval in the C of C were not met, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) shall be notified immediately. The CBFO will evaluate the issue and notify the NRC if required.In accordance with 10 CFR Part 71, "Packaging and Transportation of Radioactive Material," certificate holders, packaging users, and contractors or subcontractors who use, design, fabricate, test, maintain, or modify the packaging shall post copies of (1) 10 CFR Part 21, "Reporting of Defects and Noncompliance," regulations, (2) Section 206 of the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, and (3) NRC Form 3, Notice to Employees. These documents must be posted in a

    2. RH Packaging Program Guidance

      SciTech Connect

      Washington TRU Solutions LLC

      2006-11-07

      The purpose of this program guidance document is to provide the technical requirements for use, operation, inspection, and maintenance of the RH-TRU 72-B Waste Shipping Package and directly related components. This document complies with the requirements as specified in the RH-TRU 72-B Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP), and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Certificate of Compliance (C of C) 9212. If there is a conflict between this document and the SARP and/or C of C, the C of C shall govern. The C of C states: "...each package must be prepared for shipment and operated in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 7.0, Operating Procedures, of the application." It further states: "...each package must be tested and maintained in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 8.0, Acceptance Tests and Maintenance Program of the Application." Chapter 9.0 of the SARP tasks the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Management and Operating (M&O) Contractor with assuring the packaging is used in accordance with the requirements of the C of C. Because the packaging is NRC-approved, users need to be familiar with 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) §71.8, "Deliberate Misconduct." Any time a user suspects or has indications that the conditions of approval in the C of C were not met, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) shall be notified immediately. CBFO will evaluate the issue and notify the NRC if required. In accordance with 10 CFR Part 71, "Packaging and Transportation of Radioactive Material," certificate holders, packaging users, and contractors or subcontractors who use, design, fabricate, test, maintain, or modify the packaging shall post copies of (1) 10 CFR Part 21, "Reporting of Defects and Noncompliance," regulations, (2) Section 206 of the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, and (3) NRC Form 3, Notice to Employees. These documents must be posted in a conspicuous location where the activities subject to

    3. Stressor Identification Guidance Document

      EPA Science Inventory

      EPA has made availabile the Stressor Identification Guidance Document (EPA 822-B-00-025) published under the authority of Section 304(a)(2) of the Clean Water Act (CWA). This technical guidance doc...

    4. Aiding Vertical Guidance Understanding

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Feary, Michael; McCrobie, Daniel; Alkin, Martin; Sherry, Lance; Polson, Peter; Palmer, Everett; McQuinn, Noreen

      1998-01-01

      A two-part study was conducted to evaluate modern flight deck automation and interfaces. In the first part, a survey was performed to validate the existence of automation surprises with current pilots. Results indicated that pilots were often surprised by the behavior of the automation. There were several surprises that were reported more frequently than others. An experimental study was then performed to evaluate (1) the reduction of automation surprises through training specifically for the vertical guidance logic, and (2) a new display that describes the flight guidance in terms of aircraft behaviors instead of control modes. The study was performed in a simulator that was used to run a complete flight with actual airline pilots. Three groups were used to evaluate the guidance display and training. In the training, condition, participants went through a training program for vertical guidance before flying the simulation. In the display condition, participants ran through the same training program and then flew the experimental scenario with the new Guidance-Flight Mode Annunciator (G-FMA). Results showed improved pilot performance when given training specifically for the vertical guidance logic and greater improvements when given the training and the new G-FMA. Using actual behavior of the avionics to design pilot training and FMA is feasible, and when the automated vertical guidance mode of the Flight Management System is engaged, the display of the guidance mode and targets yields improved pilot performance.

    5. Evaluating Guidance Activities.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Sanborn, Marshall P.

      This report discusses one of the consistent problems in school counseling and guidance-that of furnishing concrete evidence concerning the effects of counseling and guidance activities on the development of children. The following causal factors are discussed: (1) the difficulty of pinning down abstractly stated goals in an operational manner at…

    6. Ascent Guidance Comparisons

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Hanson, John M.; Shrader, M. Wade; Cruzen, Craig A.

      1995-01-01

      This paper contains results from ascent guidance studies conducted at the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. The studies include investigation of different guidance schemes for a variety of potential launch vehicles. Criteria of a successful ascent guidance scheme are low operations cost, satisfaction of load indicator constraints, and maximization of performance. Results show that open-loop designs as a function of altitude or velocity are preferable to designs that are functions of time. Optimized open-loop trajectories can increase performance while maintaining load indicators within limits. Closed-loop atmospheric schemes that involve linear tangent steering or feedback of velocity terms for trajectory modification did not yield any improvement. Early release of vacuum closed-loop guidance, including use during solid rocket booster operation, yields some improvements. Evaluation of a closed-loop optimization scheme for flying through the atmosphere shows no advantages over open-loop optimization. Dispersion study results for several potential guidance schemes and launch vehicles are included in the paper and are not a discriminator between guidance schemes. The primary cost driver is mission operations philosophy, not choice of guidance scheme. More autonomous guidance schemes can help in movement towards a philosophy that would reduce operations costs.

    7. Guidance for Total Development.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Van Hoose, William H.

      Elementary guidance, deriving much of its content from the developmental phenomena of middle childhood, is viewed as the maximization of human potentiality in the total range of the population. Included in the list of elementary school guidance objectives are (1) aiding academic development, (2) helping children develop health self-concepts, (3)…

    8. Shuttle entry guidance revisited

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Mease, Kenneth D.; Kremer, Jean-Paul

      1992-01-01

      The Shuttle entry guidance concept is reviewed which is aimed at tracking a reference drag trajectory that leads to the specified range and velocity for the initiation of the terminal energy management phase. An approximate method of constructing the domain of attraction is proposed, and its validity is ascertained by simulation. An alternative guidance law yielding global exponential tracking in the absence of control saturation is derived using a feedback linearization method. It is noted that the alternative guidance law does not improve on the stability and performance of the current guidance law, for the operating domain and control capability of the Shuttle. It is suggested that the new guidance law with a larger operating domain and increased lift-to-drag capability would be superior.

    9. Shuttle entry guidance

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Harpold, J. C.; Graves, C. A., Jr.

      1978-01-01

      This paper describes the design of the entry guidance for the Space Shuttle Orbiter. This guidance provides the steering commands for trajectory control from initial penetration of the earth's atmosphere until the terminal area guidance is activated at an earth-relative speed of 2500 fps. At this point, the Orbiter is at a distance of about 50 nmi from the runway threshold, and at an altitude of about 80,000 ft. The entry guidance design is based on an analytic solution of the equations of motion defining the drag acceleration profile that meets the terminal criteria of the entry flight while maintaining the flight within systems and operational constraints. Guidance commands, which are based on a control law that ensures damping of oscillatory type trajectory motion, are computed to steer the Orbiter to this drag acceleration profile.

    10. 77 FR 55510 - Guidance on Performing a Seismic Margin Assessment

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-09-10

      ...The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is issuing for public comment the draft Japan Lessons-Learned Project Directorate Interim Staff Guidance (JLD-ISG), JLD-ISG-2012-04, ``Guidance on Performing a Seismic Margin Assessment in response to the March 2012 Request for Information Letter.'' This draft JLD-ISG provides guidance on an acceptable method for licensees to carry out a Seismic......

    11. 75 FR 76011 - Annual Guidance Agenda

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-12-07

      .... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background In the Federal Register of September 19, 2000 (65 FR 56468), FDA issued... existing guidance documents (65 FR 56468 at 56477; 21 CFR 10.115(f)(5)). The Agency is neither bound by... Administration, and Alkaline Phosphatase Activity 5100 Paint Branch Pkwy, (Compliance Policy Guide...

    12. 77 FR 823 - Guidance for Fuel Cycle Facility Change Processes

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-01-06

      ... Information DG-3037 was published in the Federal Register on July 14, 2011 (76 FR 41527). The public comment... COMMISSION Guidance for Fuel Cycle Facility Change Processes AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION... issuing a new regulatory guide (RG) 3.74, ``Guidance for Fuel Cycle Facility Change Processes.''...

    13. 75 FR 36395 - Guidance on Sound Incentive Compensation Policies

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-06-25

      ... provided that incentive compensation arrangements at a banking organization should-- \\1\\ 74 FR 55227... DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Office of Thrift Supervision Guidance on Sound Incentive Compensation Policies... 2009, the Federal Reserve issued and requested comment on Proposed Guidance on Sound...

    14. 78 FR 29159 - Electric Power Research Institute; Seismic Evaluation Guidance

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2013-05-17

      ...The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is issuing an endorsement letter of Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Report, ``Seismic Evaluation Guidance: EPRI Guidance for the Resolution of Fukushima Near-Term Task Force Recommendation 2.1: Seismic,'' Draft Report, hereafter referred to as the EPRI...

    15. Comprehensive Guidance Results-Based Evaluation: Developing a Practical Approach.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Maliszewski, Stan J.; Mackiel, John J.

      Results-based evaluation and assessment of guidance and counseling is a difficult task. How to best evaluate whether the comprehensive guidance program was getting the intended results became an issue for Omaha Public Schools. They set about to draft a framework for measuring student behavior or learning resulting from activities associated with…

    16. Interdisciplinarity in Vocational Guidance: An Action Theory Perspective

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Valach, Ladislav; Young, Richard A.

      2009-01-01

      In addressing the issue of interdisciplinary research in vocational guidance, twelve propositions important for understanding the vocational guidance process as joint, goal-directed action are presented. They address the encounter between client and counsellor leading to relational ethics, the relevance of everyday action theory and methods for…

    17. Instructional Guidance in Reciprocal Peer Tutoring With Task Cards

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Iserbyt, Peter; Elen, Jan; Behets, Daniel

      2010-01-01

      This article addresses the issue of instructional guidance in reciprocal peer tutoring with task cards as learning tools. Eighty-six Kinesiology students (age 17-19 years) were randomized across four reciprocal peer tutoring settings, differing in quality and quantity of guidance, to learn Basic Life Support (BLS) with task cards. The separate and…

    18. 76 FR 6622 - Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff; Class II Special Controls Guidance...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-02-07

      ...; Class II Special Controls Guidance Document: Contact Cooling System for Aesthetic Use; Availability...: Contact Cooling System for Aesthetic Use.'' This guidance document describes a means by which contact.... Elsewhere in this issue of the Federal Register, FDA is publishing a final rule to classify contact...

    19. Obstacle-avoidance automatic guidance - A concept-development study

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Cheng, Victor H. L.

      1988-01-01

      This paper studies the notion of obstacle-avoidance guidance, and investigates the issues in automating this function by considering helicopter nap-of-the-earth (NOE) flight as an example. In particular, it considers a hierarchy of guidance components, including mission planning and obstacle avoidance. Based on this hierarchical breakdown, the functional requirements of obstacle-avoidance guidance are identified. An effort in developing automatic guidance algorithms to meet these requirements is presented, along with the necesssary simulation tools for evaluation of these algorithms.

    20. PROGRESS TRACKING GUIDANCE FOR THE REGIONAL HAZE RULE

      EPA Science Inventory

      Guidance will address the following issues: 1) methodology for calculating light extinction from monitored aerosol data, including relative humidity correction factors for sulfate and nitrate, 2) protocols for data completeness, 3) calculating annual values for the 20% worst and ...

    1. RH Packaging Program Guidance

      SciTech Connect

      Washington TRU Solutions, LLC

      2003-08-25

      The purpose of this program guidance document is to provide technical requirements for use, operation, inspection, and maintenance of the RH-TRU 72-B Waste Shipping Package and directly related components. This document complies with the requirements as specified in the RH-TRU 72-B Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP), and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Certificate of Compliance (C of C) 9212. If there is a conflict between this document and the SARP and/or C of C, the SARP and/or C of C shall govern. The C of C states: ''...each package must be prepared for shipment and operated in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 7.0, ''Operating Procedures,'' of the application.'' It further states: ''...each package must be tested and maintained in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 8.0, ''Acceptance Tests and Maintenance Program of the Application.'' Chapter 9.0 of the SARP tasks the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Management and Operating (M&O) contractor with assuring the packaging is used in accordance with the requirements of the C of C. Because the packaging is NRC approved, users need to be familiar with 10 CFR {section} 71.11, ''Deliberate Misconduct.'' Any time a user suspects or has indications that the conditions of approval in the C of C were not met, the Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) shall be notified immediately. CBFO will evaluate the issue and notify the NRC if required. This document details the instructions to be followed to operate, maintain, and test the RH-TRU 72-B packaging. This Program Guidance standardizes instructions for all users. Users shall follow these instructions. Following these instructions assures that operations are safe and meet the requirements of the SARP. This document is available on the Internet at: ttp://www.ws/library/t2omi/t2omi.htm. Users are responsible for ensuring they are using the current revision and change notices. Sites may prepare their own document using the word

    2. Comprehensive Guidance Programs That Work.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Gysbers, Norman C.; And Others

      This monograph describes how the comprehensive guidance model is transforming elementary-secondary school guidance and counseling programs in schools across the country. It incorporates the ideas and experiences of 12 guidance program developers in the actual use of the comprehensive guidance model in diverse school and cultural settings. The book…

    3. Vocational Guidance and the Labour Market: Guidance to Transform or Guidance to Domesticate?

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Kann, Ulla

      1988-01-01

      Explores the conflict in guidance arising from the desire to consider the needs of society while guaranteeing individual freedom of choice. Discusses the theoretical basis of vocational guidance. Gives examples of "domestication" and "transformation" approaches to guidance and discusses the consequences of viewing guidance as a change strategy.(KO)

    4. 76 FR 59142 - Guidance for Industry on Reproductive and Developmental Toxicities-Integrating Study Results To...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-09-23

      ... appropriate dose ranges. On November 13, 2001 (66 FR 56830), FDA issued a draft of this guidance. Comments... pharmacokinetic information, including absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination findings....

    5. 76 FR 22163 - Tenth Meeting: RTCA Special Committee 220: Automatic Flight Guidance and Control

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-04-20

      ... Federal Aviation Administration Tenth Meeting: RTCA Special Committee 220: Automatic Flight Guidance and... meeting: Automatic Flight Guidance and Control. SUMMARY: The FAA is issuing this notice to advise the public of a meeting of RTCA Special Committee 220: Automatic Flight Guidance and Control. DATES:...

    6. 75 FR 80886 - Ninth Meeting-RTCA Special Committee 220: Automatic Flight Guidance and Control

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-12-23

      ... Federal Aviation Administration Ninth Meeting--RTCA Special Committee 220: Automatic Flight Guidance and...: Automatic Flight Guidance and Control meeting. SUMMARY: The FAA is issuing this notice to advise the public of a meeting of RTCA Special Committee 220: Automatic Flight Guidance and Control. DATES: The...

    7. 76 FR 38742 - Eleventh Meeting: RTCA Special Committee 220: Automatic Flight Guidance and Control

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-07-01

      ... Federal Aviation Administration Eleventh Meeting: RTCA Special Committee 220: Automatic Flight Guidance... Committee 220 Meeting: Automatic Flight Guidance and Control. SUMMARY: The FAA is issuing this notice to advise the public of a meeting of RTCA Special Committee 220: Automatic Flight Guidance and Control...

    8. 75 FR 15770 - Sixth Meeting-RTCA Special Committee 220: Automatic Flight Guidance and Control

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-03-30

      ... Federal Aviation Administration Sixth Meeting--RTCA Special Committee 220: Automatic Flight Guidance and...: Automatic Flight Guidance and Control meeting. SUMMARY: The FAA is issuing this notice to advise the public of a meeting of RTCA Special Committee 220: Automatic Flight Guidance and Control. DATES: The...

    9. 76 FR 50809 - Eleventh Meeting: RTCA Special Committee 220: Automatic Flight Guidance and Control

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-08-16

      ... Federal Aviation Administration Eleventh Meeting: RTCA Special Committee 220: Automatic Flight Guidance... Special Committee 220 meeting: Automatic Flight Guidance and Control. SUMMARY: The FAA is issuing this notice to advise the public of a meeting of RTCA Special Committee 220: Automatic Flight Guidance...

    10. 75 FR 3959 - Fifth Meeting-RTCA Special Committee 220: Automatic Flight Guidance and Control

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-01-25

      ... Federal Aviation Administration Fifth Meeting--RTCA Special Committee 220: Automatic Flight Guidance and...: Automatic Flight Guidance and Control meeting. SUMMARY: The FAA is issuing this notice to advise the public of a meeting of RTCA Special Committee 220: Automatic Flight Guidance and Control. DATES: The...

    11. 75 FR 36471 - Seventh Meeting-RTCA Special Committee 220: Automatic Flight Guidance and Control

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-06-25

      ... Federal Aviation Administration Seventh Meeting--RTCA Special Committee 220: Automatic Flight Guidance and...: Automatic Flight Guidance and Control meeting. SUMMARY: The FAA is issuing this notice to advise the public of a meeting of RTCA Special Committee 220: Automatic Flight Guidance and Control. DATES: The...

    12. 75 FR 59326 - Eighth Meeting-RTCA Special Committee 220: Automatic Flight Guidance and Control

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-09-27

      ... Federal Aviation Administration Eighth Meeting--RTCA Special Committee 220: Automatic Flight Guidance and...: Automatic Flight Guidance and Control meeting. SUMMARY: The FAA is issuing this notice to advise the public of a meeting of RTCA Special Committee 220: Automatic Flight Guidance and Control. DATES: The...

    13. 75 FR 29183 - Office of the Chief Financial Officer; Department of Agriculture Implementation of OMB Guidance...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-05-25

      ... final guidance for governmentwide nonprocurement debarment and suspension (70 FR 51863). This guidance... interim final guidance with changes (71 FR 66431). USDA's current regulation on nonprocurement debarment... governmentwide common rule on this subject issued November 26, 2003 (68 FR 66534, 66562). In addition to...

    14. Supplemental risk-assessment guidance for the Superfund program. Part 1. Guidance for Public-Health Risk Assessments. Part 2. Guidance for ecological Risk Assessments. Draft report (Final)

      SciTech Connect

      Not Available

      1989-06-01

      This guidance manual was developed to address the practical aspects and issues pertaining to the Superfund risk-assessment process for both public health and environment concerns. Part 1, Guidance for Public Health Risk Assessments, supplements the Superfund Public Health Evaluation Manual and Superfund Exposure Assessment Manual and the Endangerment Assessment Handbook. Explicit guidance on technical matters which should be followed in developing public health risk assessments for EPA Region 1. The guidance addresses hazard identification, dose-response assessment, exposure assessment, risk characterization, and uncertainty/limitations. Part 2 of the manual, Guidance for Ecological Risk Assessments, addresses the collection of site-specific data needed to support an ecological risk assessment, describes a framework for conducting the assessments, and provides several specific approaches for assessing risks to systems exposed to chemical contamination in different media.

    15. Restructuring the Guidance Delivery System: Implications for Rural High School Guidance Counselors.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Greer, R. M.; Richardson, M. D.

      The educational reform movement of the past several years has forced all educators to critically examine both their current and perceived roles. The following model addresses the issues of a changing clientele, a changing society, and a changing expectation of the duties of school guidance counselors. The first requirement of a new scheduling…

    16. Exploring Goals. Career Guidance.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Mesa Public Schools, AZ.

      Materials contained in this career guidance unit are designed to enable senior high school students to relate their abilities scores from the Developed Abilities Performance (DAP) instrument to actual vocational areas and Long Range [occupational] Goals (LRG) for later indepth study. The length of the unit is six 55-minute periods. Instructional…

    17. Regulatory guidance document

      SciTech Connect

      1994-05-01

      The Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) Program Management System Manual requires preparation of the OCRWM Regulatory Guidance Document (RGD) that addresses licensing, environmental compliance, and safety and health compliance. The document provides: regulatory compliance policy; guidance to OCRWM organizational elements to ensure a consistent approach when complying with regulatory requirements; strategies to achieve policy objectives; organizational responsibilities for regulatory compliance; guidance with regard to Program compliance oversight; and guidance on the contents of a project-level Regulatory Compliance Plan. The scope of the RGD includes site suitability evaluation, licensing, environmental compliance, and safety and health compliance, in accordance with the direction provided by Section 4.6.3 of the PMS Manual. Site suitability evaluation and regulatory compliance during site characterization are significant activities, particularly with regard to the YW MSA. OCRWM`s evaluation of whether the Yucca Mountain site is suitable for repository development must precede its submittal of a license application to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Accordingly, site suitability evaluation is discussed in Chapter 4, and the general statements of policy regarding site suitability evaluation are discussed in Section 2.1. Although much of the data and analyses may initially be similar, the licensing process is discussed separately in Chapter 5. Environmental compliance is discussed in Chapter 6. Safety and Health compliance is discussed in Chapter 7.

    18. Differentiating Classroom Guidance

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Akos, Patrick; Cockman, Caroline R.; Strickland, Cindy A.

      2007-01-01

      To differentiate is to make different, distinct, or specialized (Costello, 1994). Differentiation has become popular in education as an instructional philosophy aimed at equitably meeting the learning needs of all students in the classroom. Differentiated planning and delivery of classroom guidance is also necessary for appropriate school…

    19. The Counseling & Guidance Curriculum.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Ediger, Marlow

      Counseling and guidance services are vital in any school curriculum. Counselors may themselves be dealing with students of diverse abilities and handicaps. Counselors may have to work with students affected by drug addiction, fetal alcohol syndrome, homelessness, poverty, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and divorce. Students may present…

    20. Primary Guidance Activities.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Hauck, Ruth, Comp.

      Designed for the primary grades, the guidance activities in this document cover thirty-three topical areas: capabilities, changes, cooperation, criticism, differences, family, feelings, free time, friends, following directions, handicaps, honesty, improving environment, kindness, patience, paying attention, problem solving, rejection,…

    1. Developmental Guidance Program Implementation.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Vernon, Ann; Strub, Richard

      This packet of materials was developed for workshops provided to teams of school counselors and administrators for the purpose of developing knowledge and competencies in the delivery of a comprehensive, sequential, developmental guidance program. Section I contains a rationale, definition, and description of program components. In section II…

    2. Vocational Development and Guidance.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Tennyson, W. Wesley; And Others

      The vocational education volume considers questions of career development, the role of guidance in the school, vocational training, the relation of self-concept to vocational choice, and occupational information. Twenty-six papers deal with theories of vocational behavior, the success of vocational education programs, and testing information.…

    3. Needed Concepts in Elementary Guidance.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Warner, Tom, Ed.

      School administrators and developmental guidance is the topic of the first speech. Developmental guidance, concerned with personalizing the educational experience, should be available to each child to gain self-understanding. Major responsibilities of the elementary guidance department are pupil appraisal, consultation, and developmental…

    4. New Interpretations of Guidance Role

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Kerlan, Julius H.; Ryan, Charles W.

      1972-01-01

      A panoramic view of Guidance Division general sessions and workshops covering some exemplary career guidance programs, as well as such topics as career choice, leadership, evaluation, and program development and management. Presented at the Guidance division session of the American Vocational Association 1971 annual meeting. (Editor/MU)

    5. Trajectory shaping rendezvous guidance

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Klumpp, A. R.

      The Space Station will bring a great increase in rendezvous traffic. Formerly, rendezvous has been expensive in terms of time and crew involvement. Multiple trajectory adjustments on separate orbits have been required to meet safety, lighting, and geometry requirements. This paper describes a new guidance technique in which the approach trajectory is shaped by a sequence of velocity increments in order to satisfy multiple constraints within a single orbit. The approach phase is planned before the mission, leaving a group of free parameters that are optimized by onboard guidance. Fuel penalties are typically a few percent, compared to unshaped Hohmann transfers, and total fuel costs can be less than those of more time-consuming ways of meeting the same requirements.

    6. A guide to CERCLA site assessment. Environmental Guidance

      SciTech Connect

      Not Available

      1994-02-01

      This Pocket Guide is a condensed version of information provided in three EPA documents: Guidance for Performing Preliminary Assessments Under CERCLA, Guidance for Performing Site Inspections Under CERCLA, and Hazard Ranking System Guidance Manual. Additionally the guide provides a DOE perspective on site assessment issues and information on the Federal Agency Hazardous Waste Compliance Docket as well as data sources for DOE site assessments. The guide is intended to present this information in a simple, portable, and direct manner that will allow the user to effectively focus on those aspects of the site assessment process of interest. The guide is not intended as a substitute for the three EPA guidance documents mentioned previously. DOE investigators should be thoroughly familiar with the EPA guidance before conducting site assessments. Use this pocketguide as an overview of procedures and requirements and as a field guide.

    7. Environmental guidance regulatory bulletin

      SciTech Connect

      1997-01-31

      This document describes the background on expanding public participation in the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act and DOE`s response. The bulletin also describes the changes made by the final rule to existing regulations, guidance provided by EPA in the preamble and in the revised RCRA Public Participation Manual, the relationship between public participation and environmental justice, and DOE`s recent public participation and environmental justice initiatives.

    8. 76 FR 63303 - Guidance for Industry on Warnings and Precautions, Contraindications, and Boxed Warning Sections...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-10-12

      ... (71 FR 3999), FDA issued final guidances on the content and format of the ``Adverse Reactions'' and ``Clinical Studies'' sections of labeling. In the Federal Register of October 19, 2009 (74 FR 53507), FDA... Register of March 3, 2009 (74 FR 9250), FDA issued a draft guidance on the content and format of...

    9. WODA Technical Guidance on Underwater Sound from Dredging.

      PubMed

      Thomsen, Frank; Borsani, Fabrizio; Clarke, Douglas; de Jong, Christ; de Wit, Pim; Goethals, Fredrik; Holtkamp, Martine; Martin, Elena San; Spadaro, Philip; van Raalte, Gerard; Victor, George Yesu Vedha; Jensen, Anders

      2016-01-01

      The World Organization of Dredging Associations (WODA) has identified underwater sound as an environmental issue that needs further consideration. A WODA Expert Group on Underwater Sound (WEGUS) prepared a guidance paper in 2013 on dredging sound, including a summary of potential impacts on aquatic biota and advice on underwater sound monitoring procedures. The paper follows a risk-based approach and provides guidance for standardization of acoustic terminology and methods for data collection and analysis. Furthermore, the literature on dredging-related sounds and the effects of dredging sounds on marine life is surveyed and guidance on the management of dredging-related sound risks is provided. PMID:26611082

    10. Precision standoff guidance antenna accuracy evaluation

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Irons, F. H.; Landesberg, M. M.

      1981-02-01

      This report presents a summary of work done to determine the inherent angular accuracy achievable with the guidance and control precision standoff guidance antenna. The antenna is a critical element in the anti-jam single station guidance program since its characteristics can limit the intrinsic location guidance accuracy. It was important to determine the extent to which high ratio beamsplitting results could be achieved repeatedly and what issues were involved with calibrating the antenna. The antenna accuracy has been found to be on the order of 0.006 deg. through the use of a straightforward lookup table concept. This corresponds to a cross range error of 21 m at a range of 200 km. This figure includes both pointing errors and off-axis estimation errors. It was found that the antenna off-boresight calibration is adequately represented by a straight line for each position plus a lookup table for pointing errors relative to broadside. In the event recalibration is required, it was found that only 1% of the model would need to be corrected.

    11. Developing guidance for budget impact analysis.

      PubMed

      Trueman, P; Drummond, M; Hutton, J

      2001-01-01

      The role of economic evaluation in the efficient allocation of healthcare resources has been widely debated. Whilst economic evidence is undoubtedly useful to purchasers, it does not address the issue of affordability which is an increasing concern. Healthcare purchasers are concerned not just with maximising efficiency but also with the more simplistic goal of remaining within their annual budgets. These two objectives are not necessarily consistent. This paper examines the issue of affordability, the relationship between affordability and efficiency and builds the case for why there is a growing need for budget impact models to complement economic evaluation. Guidance currently available for such models is also examined and it is concluded that this guidance is currently insufficient. Some of these insufficiencies are addressed and some thoughts on what constitutes best practice in budget impact modelling are suggested. These suggestions include consideration of transparency, clarity of perspective, reliability of data sources, the relationship between intermediate and final end-points and rates of adoption of new therapies. They also include the impact of intervention by population subgroups or indications, reporting of results, probability of re-deploying resources, the time horizon, exploring uncertainty and sensitivity analysis, and decision-maker access to the model. Due to the nature of budget impact models, the paper does not deliver stringent methodological guidance on modelling. The intention was to provide some suggestions of best practice in addition to some foundations upon which future research can build. PMID:11456210

    12. Station-keeping guidance

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Gustafson, D. E.; Kriegsman, B. A.

      1972-01-01

      The station-keeping guidance system is described, which is designed to automatically keep one orbiting vehicle within a prescribed zone fixed with respect to another orbiting vehicle. The active vehicle, i.e. the one performing the station-keeping maneuvers, is referred to as the shuttle. The other passive orbiting vehicle is denoted as the workshop. The passive vehicle is assumed to be in a low-eccentricity near-earth orbit. The primary navigation sensor considered is a gimballed tracking radar located on board the shuttle. It provides data on relative range and range rate between the two vehicles. Also measured are the shaft and trunnion axes gimbal angles. An inertial measurement unit (IMU) is provided on board the orbiter. The IMU is used at all times to provide an attitude reference for the vehicle. The IMU accelerometers are used periodically to monitor the velocity-correction burns applied to the shuttle during the station-keeping mode. The guidance system is capable of station-keeping the shuttle in any arbitrary position with respect to the workshop by periodically applying velocity-correction pulses to the shuttle.

    13. Guidance of Nonlinear Systems

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Meyer, George

      1997-01-01

      The paper describes a method for guiding a dynamic system through a given set of points. The paradigm is a fully automatic aircraft subject to air traffic control (ATC). The ATC provides a sequence of way points through which the aircraft trajectory must pass. The way points typically specify time, position, and velocity. The guidance problem is to synthesize a system state trajectory which satisfies both the ATC and aircraft constraints. Complications arise because the controlled process is multi-dimensional, multi-axis, nonlinear, highly coupled, and the state space is not flat. In addition, there is a multitude of possible operating modes, which may number in the hundreds. Each such mode defines a distinct state space model of the process by specifying the state space coordinatization, the partition of the controls into active controls and configuration controls, and the output map. Furthermore, mode transitions must be smooth. The guidance algorithm is based on the inversion of the pure feedback approximations, which is followed by iterative corrections for the effects of zero dynamics. The paper describes the structure and modules of the algorithm, and the performance is illustrated by several example aircraft maneuvers.

    14. Bilinear tangent yaw guidance

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Brusch, R. G.

      1979-01-01

      This paper presents a parametric yaw steering law which has been used to provide closed-loop yaw guidance for the launch of the HEAO (High Energy Astronomy Observatory) satellite mission using the Atlas/Centaur launch vehicle. This bilinear tangent steering law provides near optimal yaw steering for maneuvers requiring insertion into orbits with a specified inclination and node. Bilinear tangent steering is shown to be optimal in both the pitch and yaw planes when a uniform gravitational field is assumed. The conditions under which the general bilinear tangent laws degenerate into linear tangent and constant attitude laws are presented. The flight computer implementation of these laws in a rotating coordinate system using real-time integration of the equations of motion is detailed. Explicit solution of the parametric guidance equations requires the inflight solution of (2x2) two-point boundary value problems in the pitch and yaw planes. Excellent results are obtained even for very large (greater than 50 deg) out-of-plane steering angles.

    15. Partial stabilization-based guidance.

      PubMed

      Shafiei, M H; Binazadeh, T

      2012-01-01

      A novel nonlinear missile guidance law against maneuvering targets is designed based on the principles of partial stability. It is demonstrated that in a real approach which is adopted with actual situations, each state of the guidance system must have a special behavior and asymptotic stability or exponential stability of all states is not realistic. Thus, a new guidance law is developed based on the partial stability theorem in such a way that the behaviors of states in the closed-loop system are in conformity with a real guidance scenario that leads to collision. The performance of the proposed guidance law in terms of interception time and control effort is compared with the sliding mode guidance law by means of numerical simulations. PMID:21963401

    16. 76 FR 14025 - Guidance for Industry on Planning for the Effects of High Absenteeism To Ensure Availability of...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-03-15

      ... manufacturers of the raw materials necessary for manufacturing of an MNP. The purpose of this guidance is to..., Prioritization of manufactured products based on medical necessity, Developing training, manufacturing and... guidance is being issued consistent with FDA's good guidance practices regulation (21 CFR 10.115)....

    17. 78 FR 25758 - Migratory Birds; Eagle Conservation Plan Guidance: Module 1-Land-Based Wind Energy, Version 2

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2013-05-02

      ...-- Land-Based Wind Energy, Version 2 AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... Guidance: Module 1--Land-based Wind Energy, Version 2 is available. The guidance provides recommendations... issued a draft of The Eagle Conservation Plan Guidance: Module 1-- Land-based Wind Energy for...

    18. Beyond Discipline to Guidance: A Primer on the Guidance Alternative.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Gartrell, Dan

      As early childhood teachers apply principles of guidance rather than punishment in their classrooms, they face the challenge of avoiding a slippage into traditional discipline practices and transcending the punitive aspects of discipline. Guidance is designed to teach children democratic life skills and therefore goes beyond discipline. Teachers…

    19. Endangerment assessment guidance

      SciTech Connect

      Not Available

      1985-11-22

      The directive clarifies the requirement that an endangerment assessment be developed to support all administrative and judicial enforcement actions under Section 106 of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) and Section 7003 of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Before taking enforcement action under these provisions to abate the hazards or potential hazards at a site, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) must be able to properly document and justify its assertion that an imminent and substantial endangerment to public health or welfare or the environment may exist. The endangerment assessment provides this documentation and justification. The endangerment assessment is not necessary to support Section 104 actions. It also provides guidance on the content, timing, level of detail, format, and resources required for the preparation of endangerment assessments.

    20. FEMP (Federal Energy Management Program) presents alternative financing guidance memoranda

      SciTech Connect

      1998-06-01

      Utility financing of energy efficient measures becomes easier to accomplish with the two new alternative financing guidance memoranda, released April 17, 1998, that address the use of utility incentives for Federal facilities. The memoranda have been approved by the Alternative Financing Guidance Committee on the Interagency Energy Management Task Force. The memoranda include: (1) Policy Statement No. 001: Authority to Sole Source Utility Service Contracts as Referenced in Section 152 of the Energy Policy Act (EPACT) of 1992; and (2) Policy Statement No. 002: Congressional Notification for Utility Projects Under the Authority of Section 152 of the Energy Policy Act (EPACT) of 1992. The purpose for developing the financing memoranda was to address specific issues within current Federal procurement regulations that require clarification or guidance. This new guidance will allow for increased use of utility incentives as a means of financing energy efficient and life cycle cost-effective projects in Federal facilities.

    1. Push drill guidance indication apparatus

      SciTech Connect

      Bockhorst, R.W.; Elenburg, J.H.

      1984-06-05

      The present invention relates to a program controlled apparatus for providing rapid calibration and update of sensor parameters in a push drill guidance apparatus which is remotely controllable from microprocessor circuitry. A special calibration program is set into nonvolatile memory for coaction with the control processor to compute sensor parameters for storage and recall during normal programmed guidance operation.

    2. Guidance in the Secondary School

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Kumar, V. Jurist Lional

      2010-01-01

      Secondary School Students face a lot of problems in their body as well as in mind due to puberty that tends to adolescence stage. Adolescence has peculiar characters of their own. They need proper Guidance and Counselling to tackle their own problems. Guidance is described as a counselling service to assist the individual in achieving self…

    3. Discussing Diverse Perspectives on Guidance

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Gonzalez-Mena, Janet; Shareef, Intisar

      2005-01-01

      Ideas about discipline and guidance get extremely complex when they intersect with culture and oppression. Some groups of people who are targets of racism have to protect their children from the oppressive practices of racist individuals and institutions. Their methods of guidance and discipline may be different from those of groups for whom…

    4. Automated Guidance for Student Inquiry

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Gerard, Libby F.; Ryoo, Kihyun; McElhaney, Kevin W.; Liu, Ou Lydia; Rafferty, Anna N.; Linn, Marcia C.

      2016-01-01

      In 4 classroom experiments we investigated uses for technologies that automatically score student generated essays, concept diagrams, and drawings in inquiry curricula. We used the automatic scores to assign typical and research-based guidance and studied the impact of the guidance on student progress. Seven teachers and their 897 students…

    5. Guidance: Agent of the Counterculture.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Patouillet, Raymond A.; Marin, Roselyn L.

      1979-01-01

      This article was an introduction to a convention program presented at the Florida Personnel and Guidance Association Convention (Tampa, Nov., 1977) by Raymond Patouillet, shortly before his sudden death. It encapsulates his guidance philosophy, his understanding of the human condition, and his faith in the crucial role of the caring profession.…

    6. Innovative Approaches to Career Guidance.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Freeman, Andrew R.

      A key part of a broad-based approach to career education in Australian schools is vocational/career guidance. Various vocational guidance programs have been developed for specific groups in Australian society, including work experience, caravans, and micrographics technology for the handicapped; pre-employment courses and a family education center…

    7. Marxist Guidance: A Dialectic Lesson

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Drapela, Victor J.

      1971-01-01

      Based on primary sources published in the Soviet Bloc, this article compares the stated goals of Marxist guidance with actual outcomes, and identifies the foundations of guidance in the Soviet Bloc in terms of Marxist philosophy and social doctrine. Current symptoms of ideological unrest in socialist society as exemplified by the suppressed reform…

    8. Signaling from axon guidance receptors.

      PubMed

      Bashaw, Greg J; Klein, Rüdiger

      2010-05-01

      Determining how axon guidance receptors transmit signals to allow precise pathfinding decisions is fundamental to our understanding of nervous system development and may suggest new strategies to promote axon regeneration after injury or disease. Signaling mechanisms that act downstream of four prominent families of axon guidance cues--netrins, semaphorins, ephrins, and slits--have been extensively studied in both invertebrate and vertebrate model systems. Although details of these signaling mechanisms are still fragmentary and there appears to be considerable diversity in how different guidance receptors regulate the motility of the axonal growth cone, a number of common themes have emerged. Here, we review recent insights into how specific receptors for each of these guidance cues engage downstream regulators of the growth cone cytoskeleton to control axon guidance. PMID:20452961

    9. EPA guidance on cultural competence training.

      PubMed

      Schouler-Ocak, Meryam; Graef-Calliess, Iris T; Tarricone, Ilaria; Qureshi, Adil; Kastrup, Marianne C; Bhugra, Dinesh

      2015-03-01

      The stress of migration as well as social factors and changes related to the receiving society may lead to the manifestation of psychiatric disorders in vulnerable individuals after migration. The diversity of cultures, ethnicities, races and reasons for migration poses a challenge for those seeking to understand how illness is experienced by immigrants whose backgrounds differ significantly from their clinicians. Cultural competence represents good clinical practice and can be defined as such that a clinician regards each patient in the context of the patient's own culture as well as from the perspective of the clinician's cultural values and prejudices. The EPA Guidance on cultural competence training outlines some of the key issues related to cultural competence and how to deal with these. It points out that cultural competence represents a comprehensive response to the mental health care needs of immigrant patients and requires knowledge, skills and attitudes which can improve the effectiveness of psychiatric treatment. To reach these aims, both individual and organizational competence are needed, as well as teaching competence in terms of educational leadership. The WPA Guidance on Mental Health and Mental Health Care for Migrants and the EPA Guidance on Mental Health Care for Migrants list a series of recommendations for policy makers, service providers and clinicians; these are aimed at improving mental health care for immigrants. The authors of this paper would like to underline these recommendations and, focusing on cultural competency and training, believe that they will be of positive value. PMID:25725596

    10. Autonomous landing guidance program

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Brown, John A.

      1996-05-01

      The Autonomous Landing Guidance program is partly funded by the US Government under the Technology Reinvestment Project. The program consortium consists of avionics and other equipment vendors, airlines and the USAF. A Sextant Avionique HUD is used to present flight symbology in cursive form as well as millimeter wave radar imagery from Lear Astronics equipment and FLIR Systems dual-channel, forward-looking, infrared imagery. All sensor imagery is presented in raster form. A future aim is to fuse all imagery data into a single presentation. Sensor testing has been accomplished in a Cessna 402 operated by the Maryland Advanced Development Laboratory. Development testing is under way in a Northwest Airlines simulator equipped with HUD and image simulation. Testing is also being carried out using United Airlines Boeing 727 and USAF C-135C (Boeing 707) test aircraft. The paper addresses the technology utilized in sensory and display systems as well as modifications made to accommodate the elements in the aircraft. Additions to the system test aircraft include global positioning systems, inertial navigation systems and extensive data collection equipment. Operational philosophy and benefits for both civil and military users are apparent. Approach procedures have been developed allowing use of Category 1 ground installations in Category 3 conditions.

    11. Uprated fine guidance sensor study

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      1984-01-01

      Future orbital observatories will require star trackers of extremely high precision. These sensors must maintain high pointing accuracy and pointing stability simultaneously with a low light level signal from a guide star. To establish the fine guidance sensing requirements and to evaluate candidate fine guidance sensing concepts, the Space Telescope Optical Telescope Assembly was used as the reference optical system. The requirements review was separated into three areas: Optical Telescope Assembly (OTA), Fine Guidance Sensing and astrometry. The results show that the detectors should be installed directly onto the focal surface presented by the optics. This would maximize throughput and minimize point stability error by not incoporating any additional optical elements.

    12. 76 FR 27924 - Draft Regulatory Guide, Guidance for ITAAC Closure

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-05-13

      ... COMMISSION 10 CFR Parts 2 and 52 RIN 3150-AI77 Draft Regulatory Guide, Guidance for ITAAC Closure AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Draft regulatory guide; request for comment. SUMMARY: The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is issuing for public comment Draft Regulatory Guide...

    13. 76 FR 50231 - Mobile Medical Applications Draft Guidance; Public Workshop

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-08-12

      ... notice of availability for the draft guidance (76 FR 43689, July 21, 2011): FDA's recently- issued draft... would be similar to an infusion pump stand, which is currently classified as a class I device because it supports the intended use of an infusion pump (class II medical device). A mobile medical app that...

    14. Classroom Guidance: An Introductory Approach to Humanistic Education.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Smaby, Marlowe H.; And Others

      The developmental guidance experiences (DGEs) presented in this document are intended for the elementary and secondary levels. They are structured for use with peer groups in personal and open discussion about both sides of a moral or ethical issue related to a developmental task, and to help students become more aware of their feelings and…

    15. Building Consensus and Providing Guidance among Professional Societies?

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Lott, Johnny W.

      2007-01-01

      Beyond Crossroads has as a stated objective having "two-year college mathematics faculty and institutions collaborate with professional societies, government agencies, and educational institutions to build consensus and provide guidance to practitioners." Issues involving two-year faculty and university faculty members in conversations about…

    16. 78 FR 310 - Draft Revision of Guidance for Industry on Providing Regulatory Submissions in Electronic Format...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2013-01-03

      ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of draft guidance for industry entitled ``Providing Regulatory Submissions in Electronic Format--Certain Human Pharmaceutical Product Applications and Related Submissions Using the eCTD Specifications.'' The draft guidance announced in this notice is being issued in accordance with the Food and Drug Administration Safety and......

    17. International Conference on Vocational Guidance (5th, Hyogo, Japan, November 2-4, 1986). Final Report.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Ashiya Univ., Hyogo (Japan).

      These proceedings contain 36 presentations: "Vocational Guidance: Current Issues" (Marland); "Academic Excellence--Its Meaning for Hawaii's Schools" (Barney); "Educational Level or Occupational Activity and Intelligence Level" (Dupont); "The Organization and Administration of Career Guidance in the Educational Sphere in Great Britain" (Hoxter);…

    18. 76 FR 79754 - Twelfth Meeting: RTCA Special Committee 220, Automatic Flight Guidance and Control

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-12-22

      ... Federal Aviation Administration Twelfth Meeting: RTCA Special Committee 220, Automatic Flight Guidance and...: Notice of RTCA Special Committee 220, Automatic Flight Guidance and Control. SUMMARY: The FAA is issuing this notice to advise the public of the twelfth meeting of RTCA Special Committee 220, Automatic...

    19. Development of a Student Needs Assessment Inventory for Secondary School Guidance Departments.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Crawford, Patricia

      Guidelines issued by the Ministry of Education suggested a needs assessment model for designing school guidance programs. Subsequently, an instrument was developed to enable school guidance personnel to conduct an assessment of student needs. A 119-item questionnaire reflecting 13 areas of need was administered to 313 secondary students. Students…

    20. 75 FR 33629 - Developing Guidance on Naming, Labeling, and Packaging Practices to Reduce Medication Errors...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-06-14

      ... INFORMATION: I. Background In the Federal Register of April 12, 2010 (75 FR 18514), FDA issued a notice... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Developing Guidance on Naming, Labeling, and Packaging... location for the upcoming public workshop entitled ``Developing Guidance on Naming, Labeling, and...

    1. 77 FR 8828 - Guidance to Federal Financial Assistance Recipients Regarding Title VI Prohibition Against...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-02-15

      ... CFR 195.4. Executive Order 13166, reprinted at 65 FR 50121 (August 16, 2000), directs each Federal... guidance by other Federal grant agencies. See 67 FR 41455 (June 18, 2002). This interim final DoD Guidance... with Limited English Proficiency,'' 65 FR 50121 (August 16, 2000) was issued on August 11, 2000....

    2. 78 FR 31943 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Contract Manufacturing Arrangements for Drugs: Quality Agreements...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2013-05-28

      ... each party (or all parties) involved in the contract manufacturing of drugs subject to Current Good... for the manufacturing of drugs. This draft guidance is being issued consistent with FDA's good... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Contract...

    3. 78 FR 57395 - Guidance for Industry on Electronic Source Data in Clinical Investigations; Availability

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2013-09-18

      ... ``Electronic Source Data in Clinical Investigations.'' This document provides guidance to sponsors, contract... accurate and complete data. In the Federal Register of November 20, 2012 (77 FR 69632), FDA issued a draft... FR 76049)). Most of the comments sought clarification on the topics discussed in the guidance....

    4. Video guidance sensor

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Howard, Richard

      1991-01-01

      A Martin-Marietta study comparing the application of laser, video, or RF sensors was conducted in 1982. The study concluded that video was the most attractive sensor (the video also could be used for operator monitoring). The Retro-Reflector field Tracker from the Solar Array Flight Experiment was chosen as a 'first generation' sensor and integrated with guidance algorithms for evaluation on the air-bearing vehicle. Results indicated that this sensor was not applicable for the noise environment posed by the multi-layer insulation used on most spacecraft. A 'second generation' sensor was developed to be used with a modified RMS target. This sensor utilized two sets of laser diodes to acquire three optically filtered targets. The targets were illuminated first with a 780 nanometer diode, followed by illumination with a 830 nm diode. The second digitized picture was subtracted from the first to get a low-noise image. The centroids of the retroreflectors were used then to uniquely derive target attitude and range. The sensor presently operates to 80 feet and within +/- 40 degrees in pitch and yaw. Sensor operability is a concern if the sun is within a +/- 40 degree cone angle to the target. The present sensor performance characteristics are less than 1 percent range error and less than 1 degree angle error. Future sensor development is anticipated to extend the operating range to 150 feet and reduce the cone angle of sensor inoperability to within +/- 10 degrees of direct sunlight. Performance improvements also are anticipated. TRW currently is developing a system that utilizes dual cameras with simultaneous diode illumination. Although further development is being pursued, the basic system has proven sound, and the sensor is essentially ready for application.

    5. GUIDANCE DOCUMENT ON ENVIRONMENTAL MODELS

      EPA Science Inventory

      This guidance provides recommendations intended to assist in the development, evaluation and application of high quality environmental models that the Environmental Protection Agency uses to address environmental problems and to support regulatory activities. These guidelines wi...

    6. Universal waste rule: Final rule issued. Environmental Guidance Regulatory Bulletin

      SciTech Connect

      1995-08-14

      On February 11, 1993, EPA proposed to streamline the management requirements for certain hazardous wastes that were generated in large quantities by a variety of generators (i.e., residential, small businesses, industries, etc.). EPA`s intention was to facilitate the environmentally sound collection and disposal of these types of wastes. In this proposed rule, EPA termed these types of hazardous wastes ``universal wastes`` and developed a management system which was less stringent than the existing Subtitle C regulations. EPA proposed that the following three types of hazardous wastes be managed as universal wastes: batteries, certain pesticides, and thermostats. Because EPA believed that the authority to propose the promulgation of the universal waste rule was not significantly linked to HSWA provisions, the Agency proposed the promulgation of the universal waste rule under pre-HSWA authority. On May 11, 1995, at FR 25492, EPA promulgated a pre-HSWA rule that streamlined hazardous waste management regulations for universal wastes.

    7. Ascent Guidance for a Winged Boost Vehicle. M.S. Thesis

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Corvin, Michael Alexander

      1988-01-01

      The objective of the advanced ascent guidance study was to investigate guidance concepts which could contribute to increased autonomy during ascent operations in a winged boost vehicle such as the proposed Shuttle II. The guidance scheme was required to yield near a full-optimal ascent in the presence of vehicle system and environmental dispersions. The study included consideration of trajectory shaping issues, trajectory design, closed loop and predictive adaptive guidance techniques and control of dynamic pressure by throttling. An extensive ascent vehicle simulation capability was developed for use in the study.

    8. Controls and guidance research

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Homaifar, Abdollah; Dunn, Derome; Song, Yong-Duan; Lai, Steven H.-Y.

      1992-01-01

      The objectives of the control group are concentrated on research and education. The control problem of the hypersonic space vehicle represents an important and challenging issue in aerospace engineering. The work described in this report is part of our effort in developing advanced control strategies for such a system. In order to achieve the objectives stated in the NASA-CORE proposal, the tasks were divided among the group based upon their educational expertise. Within the educational component we are offering a Linear Systems and Control course for students in electrical and mechanical engineering. Also, we are proposing a new course in Digital Control Systems with a corresponding laboratory.

    9. Defamation Issues in Higher Education.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Bazluke, Francine Tilewick

      This monograph reviews the law applying to defamation issues, cites various judicial decisions that affect colleges and universities, and offers guidance for minimizing the risk of defamation liability. It defines the two subclasses of defamatory statements: first, libel, which is a recorded or printed statement, and second, slander, which is…

    10. Resources for Guidance Program Improvement. Volume 2.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Frenza, Mary C., Comp.; and Others

      This guide, for guidance personnel and teachers, is designed to provide ready access to current, practical programs, activities, and references for improving guidance programs. The resources are organized in four sections representing areas of basic concern for guidance personnel. Section 1 presents selected portions of guidance programs from…

    11. Information Paper 18: Guidance in Secondary Schools.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Ashton, Terry

      1986-01-01

      Traces impetus for introduction of structured guidance into Scottish secondary schools. Identifies 1968 "Orange Paper" as first attempt to set out rationale for guidance. Describes how guidance is organized; outlines tasks of guidance teachers; and presents current developments, training requirements, and trends. (NEC)

    12. Measuring Client Progression in Adult Guidance

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Hearne, Lucy

      2007-01-01

      Currently, in the field of guidance, relevant stakeholders including guidance practitioners, educators and policy makers, have identified progression for adults in education and employment as one of the key outcomes of educational guidance. Lifelong guidance is now inextricably linked with lifelong learning as a mechanism to enhance individual…

    13. Backlog guidance 'flaw' addressed.

      PubMed

      Langford, Melvyn

      2011-09-01

      In a previous article, in the September 2010 edition of Health Estate Journal, "Is multi-million pound backlog a reality", independent consultant to the healthcare sector, Dr Melvyn Langford, highlighted what he claimed was a "fundamental flaw" in the way the established NHS "5 x 5 criticality grid" used to assess the urgency of backlog maintenance had been interpreted for many years by estates personnel, resulting, he said, in one Trust with a reported 12 million pounds sterling backlog in fact only having a 0.5 m pound sterling "backlog issue". Here he describes an alternative methodology, recently successfully tested with several pilot NHS sites, which he says corrects this flaw, and could have "major implications" for estates and facilities personnel under unprecedented pressure to cut costs. PMID:21961390

    14. Information architecture. Volume 3: Guidance

      SciTech Connect

      1997-04-01

      The purpose of this document, as presented in Volume 1, The Foundations, is to assist the Department of Energy (DOE) in developing and promulgating information architecture guidance. This guidance is aimed at increasing the development of information architecture as a Departmentwide management best practice. This document describes departmental information architecture principles and minimum design characteristics for systems and infrastructures within the DOE Information Architecture Conceptual Model, and establishes a Departmentwide standards-based architecture program. The publication of this document fulfills the commitment to address guiding principles, promote standard architectural practices, and provide technical guidance. This document guides the transition from the baseline or defacto Departmental architecture through approved information management program plans and budgets to the future vision architecture. This document also represents another major step toward establishing a well-organized, logical foundation for the DOE information architecture.

    15. Autonomous Guidance, Navigation and Control

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Bordano, A. J.; Mcswain, G. G.; Fernandes, S. T.

      1991-01-01

      The NASA Autonomous Guidance, Navigation and Control (GN&C) Bridging program is reviewed to demonstrate the program plan and GN&C systems for the Space Shuttle. The ascent CN&C system is described in terms of elements such as the general-purpose digital computers, sensors for the navigation subsystem, the guidance-system software, and the flight-control subsystem. Balloon-based and lidar wind soundings are used for operations assessment on the day of launch, and the guidance software is based on dedicated units for atmospheric powered flight, vacuum powered flight, and abort-specific situations. Optimization of the flight trajectories is discussed, and flight-control responses are illustrated for wavelengths of 500-6000 m. Alternate sensors are used for load relief, and adaptive GN&C systems based on alternate gain synthesis are used for systems failures.

    16. Sexual Harassment Guidance: Harassment of Students by School Employees, Other Students, or Third Parties. Federal Register, Part VII: Department of Education, Office of Civil Rights. Notice.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Federal Register, 1997

      1997-01-01

      This document contains the final policy guidance issued by the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights, which is called the "Sexual Harassment Guidance." Sexual harassment of students is prohibited by Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972. The guidance provides educational institutions with information regarding the standards that are used by…

    17. Guidance for state attainment plans

      SciTech Connect

      Strait, R.

      1994-06-01

      Title I of the Clean Air act Amendments of 1990 significantly changed requirements for regulatory agencies to prepare state implementation plans that demonstrate attainment of the ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards. State agencies now are required to submit plans that show how they will meet the standards by their attainment date. EPA has published a series of guidance documents to assist states in preparing their plans. In addition, the agency is developing software to assist states in projecting emissions and tracking reductions. This article summarizes the guidance documents and software program.

    18. Environmental guidance for public participation in environmental restoration activities

      SciTech Connect

      Not Available

      1991-11-01

      The US Department of Energy (DOE) is issuing this document, entitled Guidance on Public Participation for US Department of Energy Environmental Restoration Activities, to summarize policy and provide guidance for public participation in environmental restoration activities at DOE Headquarters, Field Offices, facilities, and laboratories. While the Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) has environmental restoration responsibility for the majority of DOE sites and facilities, other DOE Project Offices have similar responsibilities at their sites and facilities. This guidance is applicable to all environment restoration activities conducted by or for DOE under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) as amended by the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA); the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA) as amended by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 (HSWA) (corrective actions only); and the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA). This guidance also is applicable to CERCLA remedial action programs under the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978 and the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program, where DOE is the designated lead. The primary objectives of this guidance document are as follows: acclimate DOE staff to a changing culture that emphasizes the importance of public participation activities; provide direction on implementing these public participation activities; and, provide consistent guidance for all DOE Field Offices and facilities. The purpose of this document is to provide guidance on conducting effective public participation activities for environmental restoration activities under CERCLA; RCRA corrective actions under sections 3004(u), 3004(v), and 3008(h); and NEPA public participation activities.

    19. CH Packaging Program Guidance

      SciTech Connect

      Washington TRU Solutions LLC

      2002-03-04

      The purpose of this document is to provide the technical requirements for preparation for use, operation, inspection, and maintenance of a Transuranic Package Transporter Model II (TRUPACT-II), a HalfPACT Shipping Package, and directly related components. This document complies with the minimum requirements as specified in TRUPACT-II Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP), HalfPACT SARP, and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Certificates of Compliance (C of C) 9218 and 9279, respectively. In the event there is a conflict between this document and the SARP or C of C, the SARP and/or C of C shall govern. C of Cs state: ''each package must be prepared for shipment and operated in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 7.0, Operating Procedures, of the application.'' They further state: ''each package must be tested and maintained in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 8.0, Acceptance Tests and Maintenance Program of the Application.'' Chapter 9.0 of the SAR P charges the WIPP Management and Operation (M&O) contractor with assuring packaging is used in accordance with the requirements of the C of C. Because the packaging is NRC-approved, users need to be familiar with 10 CFR 71.11. Any time a user suspects or has indications that the conditions of approval in the C of C were not met, the Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) shall be notified immediately. CBFO will evaluate the issue and notify the NRC if required. This document details the instructions to be followed to operate, maintain, and test the TRUPACT-II and HalfPACT packaging. The intent of these instructions is to standardize these operations. All users will follow these instructions or equivalent instructions that assure operations are safe and meet the requirements of the SARPs.

    20. CH Packaging Program Guidance

      SciTech Connect

      Washington TRU Solutions LLC

      2005-02-28

      The purpose of this document is to provide the technical requirements for preparation for use, operation, inspection, and maintenance of a Transuranic Package Transporter Model II (TRUPACT-II), a HalfPACT shipping package, and directly related components. This document complies with the minimum requirements as specified in the TRUPACT-II Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP), HalfPACT SARP, and U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Certificates of Compliance (C of C) 9218 and 9279, respectively. In the event of a conflict between this document and the SARP or C of C, the C of C shall govern. The C of Cs state: "each package must be prepared for shipment and operated in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 7.0, Operating Procedures, of the application." They further state: "each package must be tested and maintained in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 8.0, Acceptance Tests and Maintenance Program of the Application." Chapter 9.0 of the SARP charges the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) management and operating (M&O) contractor with assuring packaging is used in accordance with the requirements of the C of C. Because the packaging is NRC-approved, users need to be familiar with Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) §71.8. Any time a user suspects or has indications that the conditions of approval in the C of C were not met, the Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) shall be notified immediately. The CBFO will evaluate the issue and notify the NRC if required.

    1. CH Packaging Program Guidance

      SciTech Connect

      Washington TRU Solutions LLC

      2003-04-30

      The purpose of this document is to provide the technical requirements for preparation for use, operation, inspection, and maintenance of a Transuranic Package Transporter Model II (TRUPACT-II), a HalfPACT shipping package, and directly related components. This document complies with the minimum requirements as specified in the TRUPACT-II Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP), HalfPACT SARP, and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Certificates of Compliance (C of C) 9218 and 9279, respectively. In the event of a conflict between this document and the SARP or C of C, the C of C shall govern. The C of Cs state: ''each package must be prepared for shipment and operated in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 7.0, Operating Procedures, of the application.'' They further state: ''each package must be tested and maintained in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 8.0, Acceptance Tests and Maintenance Program of the Application.'' Chapter 9.0 of the SARP charges the WIPP management and operating (M&O) contractor with assuring packaging is used in accordance with the requirements of the C of C. Because the packaging is NRC-approved, users need to be familiar with 10 CFR 71.11. Any time a user suspects or has indications that the conditions of approval in the C of C were not met, the Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) shall be notified immediately. CBFO will evaluate the issue and notify the NRC if required. This document provides the instructions to be followed to operate, maintain, and test the TRUPACT-II and HalfPACT packaging. The intent of these instructions is to standardize operations. All users will follow these instructions or equivalent instructions that assure operations are safe and meet the requirements of the SARPs.

    2. CH Packaging Program Guidance

      SciTech Connect

      None, None

      2006-04-25

      The purpose of this document is to provide the technical requirements for preparation for use, operation, inspection, and maintenance of a Transuranic Package TransporterModel II (TRUPACT-II), a HalfPACT shipping package, and directly related components. This document complies with the minimum requirements as specified in the TRUPACT-II Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP), HalfPACT SARP, and U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Certificates of Compliance (C of C) 9218 and 9279, respectively. In the event of a conflict between this document and the SARP or C of C, the C of C shall govern. The C of Cs state: "each package must be prepared for shipment and operated in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 7.0, Operating Procedures, of the application." They further state: "each package must be tested and maintained in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 8.0, Acceptance Tests and Maintenance Program of the Application." Chapter 9.0 of the SARP charges the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) or the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant| (WIPP) management and operating (M&O) contractor with assuring packaging is used in accordance with the requirements of the C of C. Because the packaging is NRC-approved, users need to be familiar with Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations(CFR) §71.8. Any time a user suspects or has indications that the conditions ofapproval in the C of C were not met, the Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) shall be notified immediately. The CBFO will evaluate the issue and notify the NRC if required.In accordance with 10 CFR Part 71, certificate holders, packaging users, and contractors or subcontractors who use, design, fabricate, test, maintain, or modify the packaging shall post copies of (1) 10 CFR Part 21 regulations, (2) Section 206 of the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, and (3) NRC Form 3, Notice to Employees. These documents must be posted in a conspicuous location where the activities subject to these regulations are

    3. CH Packaging Program Guidance

      SciTech Connect

      None, None

      2007-12-13

      The purpose of this document is to provide the technical requirements for preparation for use, operation, inspection, and maintenance of a Transuranic Package Transporter Model II (TRUPACT-II), a HalfPACT shipping package, and directly related components. This document complies with the minimum requirements as specified in the TRUPACT-II Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP), HalfPACT SARP, and U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Certificates of Compliance (C of C) 9218 and 9279, respectively. In the event of a conflict between this document and the SARP or C of C, the C of C shall govern. The C of Cs state: "each package must be prepared for shipment and operated in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 7.0, Operating Procedures, of the application." They further state: "each package must be tested and maintained in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 8.0, Acceptance Tests and Maintenance Program of the Application." Chapter 9.0 of the SARP charges the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) or the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) management and operating (M&O) contractor with assuring packaging is used in accordance with the requirements of the C of C. Because the packaging is NRC-approved, users need to be familiar with Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) §71.8. Any time a user suspects or has indications that the conditions of approval in the C of C were not met, the Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) shall be notified immediately. The CBFO will evaluate the issue and notify the NRC if required.In accordance with 10 CFR Part 71, certificate holders, packaging users, and contractors or subcontractors who use, design, fabricate, test, maintain, or modify the packaging shall post copies of (1) 10 CFR Part 21 regulations, (2) Section 206 of the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, and (3) NRC Form 3, Notice to Employees. These documents must be posted in a conspicuous location where the activities subject to these regulations are

    4. CH Packaging Program Guidance

      SciTech Connect

      None, None

      2009-06-01

      The purpose of this document is to provide the technical requirements for preparation for use, operation, inspection, and maintenance of a Transuranic Package Transporter Model II (TRUPACT-II), a HalfPACT shipping package, and directly related components. This document complies with the minimum requirements as specified in the TRUPACT-II Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP), HalfPACT SARP, and U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Certificates of Compliance (C of C) 9218 and 9279, respectively. In the event of a conflict between this document and the SARP or C of C, the C of C shall govern. The C of Cs state: "each package must be prepared for shipment and operated in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 7.0, Operating Procedures, of the application." They further state: "each package must be tested and maintained in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 8.0, Acceptance Tests and Maintenance Program of the Application." Chapter 9.0 of the SARP charges the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) or the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) management and operating (M&O) contractor with assuring packaging is used in accordance with the requirements of the C of C. Because the packaging is NRC-approved, users need to be familiar with Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) §71.8. Any time a user suspects or has indications that the conditions of approval in the C of C were not met, the Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) shall be notified immediately. The CBFO will evaluate the issue and notify the NRC if required. In accordance with 10 CFR Part 71, certificate holders, packaging users, and contractors or subcontractors who use, design, fabricate, test, maintain, or modify the packaging shall post copies of (1) 10 CFR Part 21 regulations, (2) Section 206 of the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, and (3) NRC Form 3, Notice to Employees. These documents must be posted in a conspicuous location where the activities subject to these regulations are

    5. CH Packaging Program Guidance

      SciTech Connect

      None, None

      2008-09-11

      The purpose of this document is to provide the technical requirements for preparation for use, operation, inspection, and maintenance of a Transuranic Package Transporter Model II (TRUPACT-II), a HalfPACT shipping package, and directly related components. This document complies with the minimum requirements as specified in the TRUPACT-II Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP), HalfPACT SARP, and U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Certificates of Compliance (C of C) 9218 and 9279, respectively. In the event of a conflict between this document and the SARP or C of C, the C of C shall govern. The C of Cs state: "each package must be prepared for shipment and operated in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 7.0, Operating Procedures, of the pplication." They further state: "each package must be tested and maintained in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 8.0, Acceptance Tests and Maintenance Program of the Application." Chapter 9.0 of the SARP charges the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) or the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) management and operating (M&O) contractor with assuring packaging is used in accordance with the requirements of the C of C. Because the packaging is NRC-approved, users need to be familiar with Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) §71.8. Any time a user suspects or has indications that the conditions of approval in the C of C were not met, the Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) shall be notified immediately. The CBFO will evaluate the issue and notify the NRC if required. In accordance with 10 CFR Part 71, certificate holders, packaging users, and contractors or subcontractors who use, design, fabricate, test, maintain, or modify the packaging shall post copies of (1) 10 CFR Part 21 regulations, (2) Section 206 of the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, and (3) NRC Form 3, Notice to Employees. These documents must be posted in a conspicuous location where the activities subject to these regulations are

    6. Improvements in inservice testing regulatory guidance

      SciTech Connect

      Campbell, P.L.

      1996-12-01

      Over the last few years, the NRC has issued guidance to licensees toward improving the quality of requests for relief or alternatives to the code requirements and bring some measure of consistency to the implementation of the code requirements. Based on the majority of the recent submittals, the overall quality has improved. If all of the steps in the internal process for responding to the requests are timely, the review of an updated program can be completed in six to nine months. When a single or only a few requests are submitted, the staff is generally able to complete an evaluation in less than three months. When schedules are related to outages or exigent circumstances, the NRC responds accordingly. The improvements in schedules can be attributed to publication of staff guideline documents, licensees` efforts in preparing more complete descriptions and justification and an increase in the number of NRC technical staff reviewers assigned to IST.

    7. Optical Kalman filtering for missile guidance

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Casasent, D.; Neuman, C. P.; Lycas, J.

      1984-01-01

      Optical systolic array processors constitute a powerful and general-purpose set of optical architectures with high computational rates. In this paper, Kalman filtering, a novel application for these architectures, is investigated. All required operations are detailed; their realization by optical and special-purpose analog electronics are specified; and the processing time of the system is quantified. The specific Kalman filter application chosen is for an air-to-air missile guidance controller. The architecture realized in this paper meets the design goal of a fully adaptive Kalman filter which processes a measurement every 1 msec. The vital issue of flow and pipelining of data and operations in a systolic array processor is addressed. The approach is sufficiently general and can be realized on an optical or digital systolic array processor.

    8. Changes to key L8 guidance discussed.

      PubMed

      Mount, Steve

      2014-01-01

      The Legionella Approved Code of Practice and guidance (ACoP) has recently undergone a review by the Health and Safety Executive. Steve Mount BSc (hons) CBiol MIBiol MWMSoc, an independent specialist consultant in water hygiene and safety, reports on the first conference (held in Birmingham) to discuss these changes, entitled 'Legionella management: The revised ACoP (L8); what impact will the changes have on you?'. The event was hosted by Immerse Training, and delegates' views on various issues, including the non-definitive terminology, and their general concerns regarding Legionella management and competence, were recorded, along with the impact that the proposed changes will have on people who manage water systems. PMID:24516938

    9. Humanizing Education Through Guidance Counseling.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Accola, W. V.

      A computerized information retrieval system has been designed to support the secondary school counseling effort. The system, entitled Total Guidance Information Support System (TGISS), runs on an IBM System/360 Model 65 facility and uses the IBM 2848 Display Control Unit. The software consists of an interactive communications program developed in…

    10. THE STRESSOR IDENTIFICATION GUIDANCE DOCUMENT

      EPA Science Inventory

      THE STRESSOR IDENTIFICATION GUIDANCE DOCUMENT

      Susan M. Cormier, ORD/NRMRL, Susan B. Norton, ORD/NCEA, Glenn W. Suter, II ORD/NCEA, William Swietlik, OW lOST

      Science Question(s):

      MYP Science Question: How can multiple and possibly related causes of biological ...

    11. Reading Guidance: Death and Grief.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Smith, Alice Gullen

      1989-01-01

      Gives guidelines for the librarian using reading guidance (similar to bibliotherapy). Provides a nine-item annotated bibliography of novels for children and adolescents on the subject of death and grief. Appends an embryo list of categories suitable for content analysis of any file librarians might wish to keep on books suitable for use in this…

    12. The revised HSE fatigue guidance

      SciTech Connect

      Stacey, A.; Sharp, J.V.

      1995-12-31

      Fatigue cracking has been a principal cause of damage to North Sea structures and consequently considerable attention has been given to the development of guidance for the prediction of fatigue performance. The fatigue guidance of the Offshore Safety Division of the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) was recently revised and published, following a significant offshore industry review in the period 1987 to 1990, and is based on the results of a considerable amount of research and development work on the fatigue behavior of welded tubular and plated joints. As a result of this review, the revised fatigue guidance incorporates several new clauses and recommendations. The revised recommendations apply to joint classification, basic design S-N curves for welded joints and cast or forged steel components, the thickness effect, the effects of environment and the treatment of low and high stress ranges. Additionally, a new appendix on the derivation of stress concentration factors is included. The new clauses cover high strength steels, bolts and threaded connectors, moorings, repaired joints and the use of fracture mechanics analysis. This paper presents an overview of the revisions to the fatigue guidance, the associated background technical information and aspects of the fatigue behavior of offshore structures which are considered to require further investigation. 67 refs., 7 figs., 8 tabs.

    13. Career Guidance in Singapore Schools.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Tan, Esther

      2002-01-01

      Reviews the history and stages of development for career guidance in Singapore schools. Asserts that to meet the challenges of the new millennium, there is a need to train professional career counselors, develop indigenous resource materials, and promote a new concept of career development among students. (Contains 15 references.) (GCP)

    14. DOE Waste Treatability Group Guidance

      SciTech Connect

      Kirkpatrick, T.D.

      1995-01-01

      This guidance presents a method and definitions for aggregating U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) waste into streams and treatability groups based on characteristic parameters that influence waste management technology needs. Adaptable to all DOE waste types (i.e., radioactive waste, hazardous waste, mixed waste, sanitary waste), the guidance establishes categories and definitions that reflect variations within the radiological, matrix (e.g., bulk physical/chemical form), and regulated contaminant characteristics of DOE waste. Beginning at the waste container level, the guidance presents a logical approach to implementing the characteristic parameter categories as part of the basis for defining waste streams and as the sole basis for assigning streams to treatability groups. Implementation of this guidance at each DOE site will facilitate the development of technically defined, site-specific waste stream data sets to support waste management planning and reporting activities. Consistent implementation at all of the sites will enable aggregation of the site-specific waste stream data sets into comparable national data sets to support these activities at a DOE complex-wide level.

    15. A new paradigm in optimal missile guidance

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Morgan, Robert W.

      2007-12-01

      This dissertation investigates advanced concepts in terminal missile guidance. The terminal phase of missile guidance usually lasts less than ten seconds and calls for very accurate maneuvering to ensure intercept. Technological advancements have produced increasingly sophisticated threats that greatly reduce the effectiveness of traditional approaches to missile guidance. Because of this, terminal missile guidance is, and will remain, an important and active area of research. The complexity of the problem and the desire for an optimal solution has resulted in researchers focusing on simplistic, usually linear, models. The fruit of these endeavors has resulted in some of the world's most advanced weapons systems. Even so, the resulting guidance schemes cannot possibly counter the evolving threats that will push the system outside the linear envelope for which they were designed. The research done in this dissertation greatly extends previous research in the area of optimal missile guidance. Herein it is shown that optimal missile guidance is fundamentally a pairing of an optimal guidance strategy and an optimal control strategy. The optimal guidance strategy is determined from a missile's information constraints, which are themselves largely determined from the missile's sensors. The optimal control strategy is determined by the missile's control constraints, and works to achieve a specified guidance strategy. This dichotomy of missile guidance is demonstrated by showing that missiles having different control constraints utilize the same guidance strategy so long as the information constraints are the same. This concept has hitherto been unrecognized because of the difficulty in developing an optimal control for the nonlinear set of equations that result from control constraints. Having overcome this difficulty by indirect means, evidence of the guidance strategy paradigm emerged. The guidance strategy paradigm is used to develop two advanced guidance laws. The new

    16. Multicultural Issues.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Reid, Charrles; Kampfe, Charlene

      This chapter examines issues related to working with diverse populations with addictions. A brief history of multiculturalism and multicultural counseling is presented. Issues particular to the treatment of people with addictions are examined, as well as prevention and assessment issues. Substance abuse issues among people in the gay male and…

    17. Bayesian Modeling of Population Variability -- Practical Guidance and Pitfalls

      SciTech Connect

      Dana L. Kelly; Corwin L. Atwood

      2008-05-01

      With the advent of easy-to-use open-source software for Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) simulation, hierarchical Bayesian analysis is gaining in popularity. This paper presents practical guidance for hierarchical Bayes analysis of typical problems in probabilistic safety assessment (PSA). The guidance is related to choosing parameterizations that accelerate convergence of the MCMC sampling and to illustrating the potential sensitivity of the results to the functional form chosen for the first-stage prior. This latter issue has significant ramifications because the mean of the average population variability curve (PVC) from hierarchical Bayes (or the mean of the point estimate distribution from empirical Bayes) can be very sensitive to this choice in cases where variability is large. Numerical examples are provided to illustrate the issues discussed.

    18. Next Generation Advanced Video Guidance Sensor Development and Test

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Howard, Richard T.; Bryan, Thomas C.; Lee, Jimmy; Robertson, Bryan

      2009-01-01

      The Advanced Video Guidance Sensor (AVGS) was the primary docking sensor for the Orbital Express mission. The sensor performed extremely well during the mission, and the technology has been proven on orbit in other flights too. Parts obsolescence issues prevented the construction of more AVGS units, so the next generation of sensor was designed with current parts and updated to support future programs. The Next Generation Advanced Video Guidance Sensor (NGAVGS) has been tested as a breadboard, two different brassboard units, and a prototype. The testing revealed further improvements that could be made and demonstrated capability beyond that ever demonstrated by the sensor on orbit. This paper presents some of the sensor history, parts obsolescence issues, radiation concerns, and software improvements to the NGAVGS. In addition, some of the testing and test results are presented. The NGAVGS has shown that it will meet the general requirements for any space proximity operations or docking need.

    19. 75 FR 26967 - Guidance for Industry: Use of Water by Food Manufacturers in Areas Subject to a Boil-Water...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-05-13

      ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of a guidance entitled ``Guidance for Industry: Use of Water by Food Manufacturers in Areas Subject to a Boil-Water Advisory.'' This guidance is intended to advise food manufacturers that once a boil-water advisory has been issued they should stop using the water subject to the advisory until the water again meets the......

    20. Engineering Guidance: A Human Resource Development.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Snarponis, Joseph M.; Prien, John D.

      1979-01-01

      Describes the role of The National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) in providing guidance activities for students. Discusses structional organization, goals, and guidance activities for engineering and technical and professional societies. (MA)

    1. Activity Group Guidance: A Developmental Approach

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Hillman, Bill W.; And Others

      1975-01-01

      Illustrates the content, process, and group dynamics of Activity Group Guidance. Describes and evaluates a comprehensive Activity Group Guidance program. Gives specific suggestions to counselors who wish to start Activity Groups. (Author)

    2. Practical guidance for statistical analysis of operational event data

      SciTech Connect

      Atwood, C.L.

      1995-10-01

      This report presents ways to avoid mistakes that are sometimes made in analysis of operational event data. It then gives guidance on what to do when a model is rejected, a list of standard types of models to consider, and principles for choosing one model over another. For estimating reliability, it gives advice on which failure modes to model, and moment formulas for combinations of failure modes. The issues are illustrated with many examples and case studies.

    3. Quality Assurance in University Guidance Services

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Simon, Alexandra

      2014-01-01

      In Europe there is no common quality assurance framework for the delivery of guidance in higher education. Using a case study approach in four university career guidance services in England, France and Spain, this article aims to study how quality is implemented in university career guidance services in terms of strategy, standards and models,…

    4. Idaho Comprehensive Guidance and Counseling Program Model.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Idaho State Dept. of Education, Boise.

      This handbook describes a series of procedures for establishing school guidance and counseling programs in Idaho based on the Missouri Comprehensive Guidance Program model developed by Dr. Norman Gysbers. It begins with a conceptual framework and moves through the development, evaluation, and refinement steps of setting guidance programs in Idaho…

    5. Computer-Assisted Guidance: Concepts and Practices.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Katz, Martin R.; Shatkin, Laurence

      This report reviews and analyzes the development and status of computer-assisted-guidance (CAG) systems. In terms of eight major topics which are introduced in a discussion of guidance and the computer, the report discusses the capabilities of computers in reference to other resources for guidance and describes and differentiates various CAG…

    6. Augmented reality guidance system for peripheral nerve blocks

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Wedlake, Chris; Moore, John; Rachinsky, Maxim; Bainbridge, Daniel; Wiles, Andrew D.; Peters, Terry M.

      2010-02-01

      Peripheral nerve block treatments are ubiquitous in hospitals and pain clinics worldwide. State of the art techniques use ultrasound (US) guidance and/or electrical stimulation to verify needle tip location. However, problems such as needle-US beam alignment, poor echogenicity of block needles and US beam thickness can make it difficult for the anesthetist to know the exact needle tip location. Inaccurate therapy delivery raises obvious safety and efficacy issues. We have developed and evaluated a needle guidance system that makes use of a magnetic tracking system (MTS) to provide an augmented reality (AR) guidance platform to accurately localize the needle tip as well as its projected trajectory. Five anesthetists and five novices performed simulated nerve block deliveries in a polyvinyl alcohol phantom to compare needle guidance under US alone to US placed in our AR environment. Our phantom study demonstrated a decrease in targeting attempts, decrease in contacting of critical structures, and an increase in accuracy of 0.68 mm compared to 1.34mm RMS in US guidance alone. Currently, the MTS uses 18 and 21 gauge hypodermic needles with a 5 degree of freedom sensor located at the needle tip. These needles can only be sterilized using an ethylene oxide process. In the interest of providing clinicians with a simple and efficient guidance system, we also evaluated attaching the sensor at the needle hub as a simple clip-on device. To do this, we simultaneously performed a needle bending study to assess the reliability of a hub-based sensor.

    7. Optical guidance vidicon test program

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Eiseman, A. R.; Stanton, R. H.; Voge, C. C.

      1976-01-01

      A laboratory and field test program was conducted to quantify the optical navigation parameters of the Mariner vidicons. A scene simulator and a camera were designed and built for vidicon tests under a wide variety of conditions. Laboratory tests characterized error sources important to the optical navigation process and field tests verified star sensitivity and characterized comet optical guidance parameters. The equipment, tests and data reduction techniques used are described. Key test results are listed. A substantial increase in the understanding of the use of selenium vidicons as detectors for spacecraft optical guidance was achieved, indicating a reduction in residual offset errors by a factor of two to four to the single pixel level.

    8. Microfluidic control of axonal guidance

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Gu, Ling; Black, Bryan; Ordonez, Simon; Mondal, Argha; Jain, Ankur; Mohanty, Samarendra

      2014-10-01

      The precision of axonal pathfinding and the accurate formation of functional neural circuitry are crucial for an organism during development as well as during adult central and peripheral nerve regeneration. While chemical cues are believed to be primarily responsible for axonal pathfinding, we hypothesize that forces due to localized fluid flow may directly affect neuronal guidance during early organ development. Here, we report direct evidence of fluid flow influencing axonal migration, producing turning angles of up to 90°. Microfluidic flow simulations indicate that an axon may experience significant bending force due to cross-flow, which may contribute to the observed axonal turning. This method of flow-based guidance was successfully used to fasciculate one advancing axon onto another, showcasing the potential of this technique to be used for the formation of in vitro neuronal circuits.

    9. Teleautonomous guidance for mobile robots

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Borenstein, J.; Koren, Y.

      1990-01-01

      Teleautonomous guidance (TG), a technique for the remote guidance of fast mobile robots, has been developed and implemented. With TG, the mobile robot follows the general direction prescribed by an operator. However, if the robot encounters an obstacle, it autonomously avoids collision with that obstacle while trying to match the prescribed direction as closely as possible. This type of shared control is completely transparent and transfers control between teleoperation and autonomous obstacle avoidance gradually. TG allows the operator to steer vehicles and robots at high speeds and in cluttered environments, even without visual contact. TG is based on the virtual force field (VFF) method, which was developed earlier for autonomous obstacle avoidance. The VFF method is especially suited to the accommodation of inaccurate sensor data (such as that produced by ultrasonic sensors) and sensor fusion, and allows the mobile robot to travel quickly without stopping for obstacles.

    10. Guidance molecules in lung cancer

      PubMed Central

      Nasarre, Patrick; Potiron, Vincent; Drabkin, Harry

      2010-01-01

      Guidance molecules were first described in the nervous system to control axon outgrowth direction. They are also widely expressed outside the nervous system where they control cell migration, tissue development and establishment of the vascular network. In addition, they are involved in cancer development, tumor angiogenesis and metastasis. This review is primarily focused on their functions in lung cancer and their involvement in lung development is also presented. Five guidance molecule families and their corresponding receptors are described, including the semaphorins/neuropilins/plexins, ephrins and Eph receptors, netrin/DCC/UNC5, Slit/Robo and Notch/Delta. In addition, the possibility to target these molecules as a therapeutic approach in cancer is discussed. PMID:20139699

    11. Mars Science Laboratory Entry Guidance

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Mendeck, Gavin F.

      2011-01-01

      The Mars Science Laboratory will be the first Mars mission to attempt a guided entry with the objective of safely delivering the entry vehicle to a survivable parachute deploy state within 12.5 km of the pre-designated parachute deploy coordinates. The Entry Terminal Point Controller guidance algorithm is derived from the final phase Apollo Command Module guidance and, like Apollo, modulates the bank angle to control range based on deviations in range, altitude rate, and drag acceleration from a reference trajectory. For application to Mars landers which must make use of the tenuous Martian atmosphere, it is critical to balance the lift of the vehicle to minimize the range while still ensuring a safe deploy altitude. An overview of the process to generate optimized guidance settings is presented, discussing improvements made over the last nine years. Performance tradeoffs between ellipse size and deploy altitude will be presented, along with imposed constraints of entry acceleration and heating. Performance sensitivities to the bank reversal deadbands, heading alignment, attitude initialization error, and entry delivery errors are presented.

    12. 76 FR 10205 - Department of Homeland Security Implementation of OMB Guidance on Drug-Free Workplace Requirements

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-02-24

      ...The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is issuing a new regulation to adopt the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) guidance codified at 2 CFR part 182. This new part is the Department's implementation of OMB's guidance and is consistent with OMB's initiative to streamline and consolidate all Federal regulations on drug-free workplace requirements for financial assistance into one title......

    13. 77 FR 46640 - Hours of Service of Drivers of Commercial Motor Vehicles; Regulatory Guidance for Oil Field...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-08-06

      ..., 2010 (75 FR 82133), or you may visit www.regulations.gov . ] Public Participation: The www.regulations... FR 33098). The regulatory guidance, effective June 5, 2012, was issued to ensure consistent... Motor Vehicles; Regulatory Guidance for Oil Field Exceptions AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier...

    14. 75 FR 71133 - Guidance for Industry: The Safety of Imported Traditional Pottery Intended for Use With Food and...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-11-22

      ... findings of lead contamination of imported traditional pottery labeled as ``Lead Free.'' The guidance... contamination of non- lead glazed (NLG) pottery will not occur and also reminds manufacturers of existing... Decorative Ceramicware.'' FDA is issuing the guidance in response to recent findings of lead contamination...

    15. 75 FR 13766 - Guidance for Industry on the Content and Format of the Dosage and Administration Section of...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-03-23

      ..., 2006 (71 FR 3998), FDA issued final guidances on the format and content of the ``Adverse Reactions...,'' ``Contraindications,'' and ``Boxed Warning'' sections of labeling. In the Federal Register of March 3, 2009 (74 FR... of labeling. The labeling requirements (71 FR 3922) and these guidances are intended to...

    16. 77 FR 29458 - Supervisory Guidance on Stress Testing for Banking Organizations With More Than $10 Billion in...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-05-17

      ...The Board, FDIC and OCC, (collectively, the ``agencies'') are issuing this guidance, which outlines high-level principles for stress testing practices, applicable to all Federal Reserve-supervised, FDIC- supervised, and OCC-supervised banking organizations with more than $10 billion in total consolidated assets. The guidance highlights the importance of stress testing as an ongoing risk......

    17. 77 FR 73057 - Japan Lessons-Learned Project Directorate Interim Staff Guidance JLD-ISG-2012-05; Performance of...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-12-07

      ...The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is issuing the Final Japan Lessons-Learned Project Directorate Interim Staff Guidance (JLD-ISG), JLD-ISG-2012-05, ``Performance of an Integrated Assessment'' (Agencywide Documents Access and Management System (ADAMS) Accession No. ML12311A214). This JLD-ISG provides guidance and clarification to assist nuclear power reactors applicants and licensees......

    18. 76 FR 81128 - Guidance Regarding Deduction and Capitalization of Expenditures Related to Tangible Property

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-12-27

      ...Appearing elsewhere in this issue of the Federal Register, the IRS is issuing temporary regulations that provide guidance on the application of sections 162(a) and 263(a) of the Internal Revenue Code (Code) to amounts paid to acquire, produce, or improve tangible property. The temporary regulations clarify and expand the standards in the current regulations under sections 162(a) and 263(a),......

    19. Regulatory guidance on soil cover systems

      SciTech Connect

      Kane, J.D.

      1991-12-31

      The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in September 1991, completed revisions to 14 sections of the Standard Review Plan (SRP) for the Review of a License Application for a Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility. The major purposes of the SRP are to ensure the quality and uniformity of the NRC staff`s safety reviews, and to present a well-defined base from which to evaluate the acceptability of information and data provided in the Safety Analysis Report (SAR) portion of the license application. SRP 3.2, entitled, Design Considerations for Normal and Abnormal/Accident Conditions, was one of the sections that was revised by the NRC staff. This revision was completed to provide additional regulatory guidance on the important considerations that need to be addressed for the proper design and construction of soil cover systems that are to be placed over the LLW. The cover system over the waste is acknowledged to be one of the most important engineered barriers for the long-term stable performance of the disposal facility. The guidance in revised SRP 3.2 summarizes the previous efforts and recommendations of the US Army Corps of Engineers (COE), and a peer review panel on the placement of soil cover systems. NRC published these efforts in NUREG/CR-5432. The discussions in this paper highlight selected recommendations on soil cover issues that the NRC staff considers important for ensuring the safe, long-term performance of the soil cover systems. The development phases to be discussed include: (1) cover design; (2) cover material selection; (3) laboratory and field testing; (4) field placement control and acceptance; and (5) penetrations through the constructed covers.

    20. Next Generation Advanced Video Guidance Sensor

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Lee, Jimmy; Spencer, Susan; Bryan, Tom; Johnson, Jimmie; Robertson, Bryan

      2008-01-01

      The first autonomous rendezvous and docking in the history of the U.S. Space Program was successfully accomplished by Orbital Express, using the Advanced Video Guidance Sensor (AVGS) as the primary docking sensor. The United States now has a mature and flight proven sensor technology for supporting Crew Exploration Vehicles (CEV) and Commercial Orbital Transport. Systems (COTS) Automated Rendezvous and Docking (AR&D). AVGS has a proven pedigree, based on extensive ground testing and flight demonstrations. The AVGS on the Demonstration of Autonomous Rendezvous Technology (DART)mission operated successfully in "spot mode" out to 2 km. The first generation rendezvous and docking sensor, the Video Guidance Sensor (VGS), was developed and successfully flown on Space Shuttle flights in 1997 and 1998. Parts obsolescence issues prevent the construction of more AVGS. units, and the next generation sensor must be updated to support the CEV and COTS programs. The flight proven AR&D sensor is being redesigned to update parts and add additional. capabilities for CEV and COTS with the development of the Next, Generation AVGS (NGAVGS) at the Marshall Space Flight Center. The obsolete imager and processor are being replaced with new radiation tolerant parts. In addition, new capabilities might include greater sensor range, auto ranging, and real-time video output. This paper presents an approach to sensor hardware trades, use of highly integrated laser components, and addresses the needs of future vehicles that may rendezvous and dock with the International Space Station (ISS) and other Constellation vehicles. It will also discuss approaches for upgrading AVGS to address parts obsolescence, and concepts for minimizing the sensor footprint, weight, and power requirements. In addition, parts selection and test plans for the NGAVGS will be addressed to provide a highly reliable flight qualified sensor. Expanded capabilities through innovative use of existing capabilities will also be

    1. D & D screening risk evaluation guidance

      SciTech Connect

      Robers, S.K.; Golden, K.M.; Wollert, D.A.

      1995-09-01

      The Screening Risk Evaluation (SRE) guidance document is a set of guidelines provided for the uniform implementation of SREs performed on decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) facilities. Although this method has been developed for D&D facilities, it can be used for transition (EM-60) facilities as well. The SRE guidance produces screening risk scores reflecting levels of risk through the use of risk ranking indices. Five types of possible risk are calculated from the SRE: current releases, worker exposures, future releases, physical hazards, and criticality. The Current Release Index (CRI) calculates the current risk to human health and the environment, exterior to the building, from ongoing or probable releases within a one-year time period. The Worker Exposure Index (WEI) calculates the current risk to workers, occupants and visitors inside contaminated D&D facilities due to contaminant exposure. The Future Release Index (FRI) calculates the hypothetical risk of future releases of contaminants, after one year, to human health and the environment. The Physical Hazards Index (PHI) calculates the risks to human health due to factors other than that of contaminants. Criticality is approached as a modifying factor to the entire SRE, due to the fact that criticality issues are strictly regulated under DOE. Screening risk results will be tabulated in matrix form, and Total Risk will be calculated (weighted equation) to produce a score on which to base early action recommendations. Other recommendations from the screening risk scores will be made based either on individual index scores or from reweighted Total Risk calculations. All recommendations based on the SRE will be made based on a combination of screening risk scores, decision drivers, and other considerations, as determined on a project-by-project basis.

    2. The role of registration in accurate surgical guidance.

      PubMed

      Fitzpatrick, J M

      2010-01-01

      Registration is presented as the central issue of surgical guidance. The focus is on the accuracy of approaches employed today, all of which use pre-operative images to guide surgery on rigid anatomy. The three most well-established approaches to guidance, namely the stereotactic frame, point fiducials, and surface matching, are examined in detail, together with two new approaches based on microstereotactic frames. It is shown that each method relies on the registration of points in the image to corresponding points in the operating room, and therefore that the error patterns associated with point registration are similar for all of them. Three types of registration error, namely fiducial localization error (FLE), fiducial registration error (FRE), and target registration error (TRE), are highlighted, as well as two additional guidance errors, namely target localization error and total targeting error, the latter of which is the overall error of the guidance system. Statistical relationships between TRE and FLE, between FRE and FLE, and between TRE, TLE, and TTE are given. Finally some myths concerning fiducial registration are highlighted. PMID:20718266

    3. Mission-based guidance system design for autonomous UAVs

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Moon, Jongki

      The advantages of UAVs in the aviation arena have led to extensive research activities on autonomous technology of UAVs to achieve specific mission objectives. This thesis mainly focuses on the development of a mission-based guidance system. Among various missions expected for future needs, autonomous formation flight (AFF) and obstacle avoidance within safe operation limits are investigated. In the design of an adaptive guidance system for AFF, the leader information except position is assumed to be unknown to a follower. Thus, the only measured information related to the leader is the line-of-sight (LOS) range and angle. Adding an adaptive element with neural networks into the guidance system provides a capability to effectively handle leader's velocity changes. Therefore, this method can be applied to the AFF control systems that use a passive sensing method. In this thesis, an adaptive velocity command guidance system and an adaptive acceleration command guidance system are developed and presented. Since relative degrees of the LOS range and angle are different depending on the outputs from the guidance system, the architecture of the guidance system changes accordingly. Simulations and flight tests are performed using the Georgia Tech UAV helicopter, the GTMax, to evaluate the proposed guidance systems. The simulation results show that the neural network (NN) based adaptive element can improve the tracking performance by effectively compensating for the effect of unknown dynamics. It has also been shown that the combination of an adaptive velocity command guidance system and the existing GTMax autopilot controller performs better than the combination of an adaptive acceleration command guidance system and the GTMax autopilot controller. The successful flight evaluation using an adaptive velocity command guidance system clearly shows that the adaptive guidance control system is a promising solution for autonomous formation flight of UAVs. In addition, an

    4. 78 FR 22349 - Guidance on the Treatment of Uncertainties Associated With PRA in Risk-Informed Decisionmaking

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2013-04-15

      .... SUMMARY: The Nuclear Regulatory Commission has issued for public comment a document entitled: NUREG-1855... INFORMATION: NUREG-1855, Revision 1, Guidance on the Treatment of Uncertainties Associated with PRA in...

    5. 76 FR 59705 - Guidance for Industry on User Fee Waivers, Reductions, and Refunds for Drug and Biological...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-09-27

      ... clarification on related issues such as user fee exemptions for orphan drugs. In the Federal Register of March 14, 2011 (76 FR 13629), FDA announced the availability of a revised draft guidance entitled...

    6. 75 FR 78259 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Codevelopment of Two or More Unmarketed Investigational Drugs for...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-12-15

      ... to apply to vaccines, gene or cellular therapies, blood products, or medical devices. DATES: Although... vaccines, gene or cellular therapies, or blood products. This draft guidance is being issued...

    7. In visual search, guidance by surface type is different than classic guidance

      PubMed Central

      Wolfe, Jeremy M; Reijnen, Ester; Van Wert, Michael J.; Kuzmova, Yoana

      2009-01-01

      Visual search for targets among distractors is more efficient if attention can be guided to targets by attributes like color. In real-world search, we guide attention using information about surfaces. (e.g., paintings are on walls). We compare “classic” color guidance to surface guidance in “scenes” of cubes. When a target can lie on one of many surfaces, color guidance is effective but surface guidance is not (Exp. 1-3). Surface guidance works when cued surfaces are coplanar (Exp. 4) or few in number (Exp. 5). We speculate that surface guidance is slow and limited to very few surfaces at one time. PMID:19236891

    8. Flight Guidance System Requirements Specification

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Miller, Steven P.; Tribble, Alan C.; Carlson, Timothy M.; Danielson, Eric J.

      2003-01-01

      This report describes a requirements specification written in the RSML-e language for the mode logic of a Flight Guidance System of a typical regional jet aircraft. This model was created as one of the first steps in a five-year project sponsored by the NASA Langley Research Center, Rockwell Collins Inc., and the Critical Systems Research Group of the University of Minnesota to develop new methods and tools to improve the safety of avionics designs. This model will be used to demonstrate the application of a variety of methods and techniques, including safety analysis of system and subsystem requirements, verification of key properties using theorem provers and model checkers, identification of potential sources mode confusion in system designs, partitioning of applications based on the criticality of system hazards, and autogeneration of avionics quality code. While this model is representative of the mode logic of a typical regional jet aircraft, it does not describe an actual or planned product. Several aspects of a full Flight Guidance System, such as recovery from failed sensors, have been omitted, and no claims are made regarding the accuracy or completeness of this specification.

    9. Family planning methods: new guidance.

      PubMed

      1996-10-01

      Presented in this report are the recommendations of two expert groups, the Technical Guidance/Competence Working Group of the US Agency for International Development's Maximizing Access and Quality Initiative and the World Health Organization's Family Planning and Population Unit, regarding currently available family planning methods. The former group addressed key biomedical questions and formulated recommendations about 11 groups of family planning methods: combined oral contraceptives, progestin-only pills during breast feeding, progestin-only injectables, combined injectable contraceptives, Norplant implants, copper-bearing IUDs, tubal occlusion, vasectomy, lactational amenorrhea method, natural family planning, and barrier methods. A table presents the relative importance, by method, of procedures such as pelvic exam, blood pressure reading, breast exam, and screening for sexually transmitted diseases and cervical cancer. The medical eligibility recommendations for each method are also presented in tabular form, with four categories for temporary methods: 1) no restrictions on use, 2) advantages generally outweigh theoretical or proven risks, 3) theoretical or proven risks usually outweigh the advantages, and 4) unacceptable health risks. Included among the 41 conditions for which eligibility criteria are specified are age, smoking, thromboembolic disorder, headaches, irregular vaginal bleeding, family history of breast cancer, obesity, drug interactions, parity, breast feeding, postpartum, and postabortion. The new guidance presented in this report enables providers to give family planning clients expanded contraceptive choices while ensuring method safety and effectiveness. PMID:9342775

    10. Aerocapture Guidance Algorithm Comparison Campaign

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Rousseau, Stephane; Perot, Etienne; Graves, Claude; Masciarelli, James P.; Queen, Eric

      2002-01-01

      The aerocapture is a promising technique for the future human interplanetary missions. The Mars Sample Return was initially based on an insertion by aerocapture. A CNES orbiter Mars Premier was developed to demonstrate this concept. Mainly due to budget constraints, the aerocapture was cancelled for the French orbiter. A lot of studies were achieved during the three last years to develop and test different guidance algorithms (APC, EC, TPC, NPC). This work was shared between CNES and NASA, with a fruitful joint working group. To finish this study an evaluation campaign has been performed to test the different algorithms. The objective was to assess the robustness, accuracy, capability to limit the load, and the complexity of each algorithm. A simulation campaign has been specified and performed by CNES, with a similar activity on the NASA side to confirm the CNES results. This evaluation has demonstrated that the numerical guidance principal is not competitive compared to the analytical concepts. All the other algorithms are well adapted to guaranty the success of the aerocapture. The TPC appears to be the more robust, the APC the more accurate, and the EC appears to be a good compromise.

    11. Status of automated nap-of-the-earth rotorcraft guidance

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Coppenbarger, Richard A.; Cheng, Victor H. L.

      1991-01-01

      The status of automated nap-of-the-earth (NOE) flight guidance is discussed by examining two current research efforts that approach the problem of performing obstacle avoidance along a pre-planned course from different perspectives. The first, a real-time guidance system developed by Systems Technology Inc., focuses on the issue of pilot acceptable maneuvers, under the assumption of an ideal, but nonrealizable, obstacle detection system. The second, a system created at NASA Ames, concentrates on the utilization of realistic on-board sensor data for obstacle detection and avoidance-maneuver decisions. This paper examines the strengths and weaknesses of these two approaches, and how they might complement each other. The goal is an automatic NOE system that is both acceptable to pilots and capable of making intelligent use of realistic sensor information and path-selection logic.

    12. Energy angular momentum closed-loop guidance

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Patera, Russell P.

      2015-03-01

      A novel guidance algorithm for launch vehicle ascent to the desired mission orbit is proposed. The algorithm uses total specific energy and orbital angular momentum as new state vector parameters. These parameters are ideally suited for the ascent guidance task, since the guidance algorithm steers the launch vehicle along a pre-flight optimal trajectory in energy angular momentum space. The guidance algorithm targets apogee, perigee, inclination and right ascension of ascending node. Computational complexities are avoided by eliminating time in the guidance computation and replacing it with angular momentum magnitude. As a result, vehicle acceleration, mass, thrust, length of motor burns, and staging times are also eliminated from the pitch plane guidance calculations. The algorithm does not involve launch vehicle or target state propagation, which results in minimal computational effort. Proof of concept of the new algorithm is presented using several numerical examples that illustrate performance results.

    13. Collective cell migration: guidance principles and hierarchies.

      PubMed

      Haeger, Anna; Wolf, Katarina; Zegers, Mirjam M; Friedl, Peter

      2015-09-01

      Collective cell migration results from the establishment and maintenance of collective polarization, mechanocoupling, and cytoskeletal kinetics. The guidance of collective cell migration depends on a reciprocal process between cell-intrinsic multicellular organization with leader-follower cell behavior and results in mechanosensory integration of extracellular guidance cues. Important guidance mechanisms include chemotaxis, haptotaxis, durotaxis, and strain-induced mechanosensing to move cell groups along interfaces and paths of least resistance. Additional guidance mechanisms steering cell groups during specialized conditions comprise electrotaxis and passive drift. To form higher-order cell and tissue structures during morphogenesis and cancer invasion, these guidance principles act in parallel and are integrated for collective adaptation to and shaping of varying tissue environments. We review mechanochemical and electrical inputs and multiparameter signal integration underlying collective guidance, decision making, and outcome. PMID:26137890

    14. Guidance assistance, autonomous guidance and assisted distance guidance in precision agriculture

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Gomez Gil, Jaime

      The present doctoral thesis analyses the potential of technological advances in electronics, telematics and communications for their application in agriculture. Research has been carried out and some prototypes have been developed in four stages: In a first phase, it has been carried out the analysis and development of guidance assistance devices. It has been carried out the development of a microcontroller based device which has been patented by the author of this thesis and later, has been developed and commercialized by the company GMV Sistemas. In a second phase, it has been developed a module of distance guidance which allows the remote driving of an agricultural tractor. There have been made the mechanical modifications in a tractor and the necessary hardware has been installed in order to allow the remote control of the tractor steering. The laptop receives the guidance instructions by means of wireless communication from the computer installed in the base. In a third phase, there have been developed two autonomous guidance systems, one by means of GPS and the other by means of Computer Vision, using as base the platform developed in the previous phase. It is incorporated a module of path generation from the plot outline. With this trajectory, the tractor is able to do most of the farming work in a plot without the participation of the driver. The last phase has been developed at the same time than the previous ones and it is located in Precision Agriculture. In this phase it has been carried out the performance of a centrifugal spreader of fertilizer and it has been developed an application for the generation in a precise way of fertilizer maps. The carried out studies have produced real developments implanted on the machinery of the author's farm. The development of the work has been carried out on a software platform with modules which are intercommunicated between them, because a large part of the developed applications have a common base of work. This

    15. Issues Curriculum.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Sando, Joe S.

      A program for teaching techniques of critical thinking on issues concerning American Indians was developed for students at Albuquerque Indian School. It was designed to include not only the students but also their families with learning activities that required consultation in search of answers or understanding. The first issue presented sought to…

    16. Addressing Individual Difficulties in Reading: Issues Relating to Reading Recovery and Pause, Prompt, Praise

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Wearmouth, Janice

      2004-01-01

      Recently the DfES has issued guidance on ways to address the needs of students who experience difficulties in literacy through Wave Three provision in the National Literacy Strategy (DfES, 2002). This guidance raises the issue of what kind of programmes might be initiated in mainstream schools that will improve what is available generally for…

    17. Virtual Ultrasound Guidance for Inexperienced Operators

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Caine, Timothy; Martin, Davis

      2012-01-01

      Medical ultrasound or echocardiographic studies are highly operator-dependent and generally require lengthy training and internship to perfect. To obtain quality echocardiographic images in remote environments, such as on-orbit, remote guidance of studies has been employed. This technique involves minimal training for the user, coupled with remote guidance from an expert. When real-time communication or expert guidance is not available, a more autonomous system of guiding an inexperienced operator through an ultrasound study is needed. One example would be missions beyond low Earth orbit, in which the time delay inherent with communication will make remote guidance impractical.

    18. Guidance manual for conducting technology demonstration activities

      SciTech Connect

      Jolley, Robert L.; Morris, Michael I.; Singh, Suman P.N.

      1991-12-01

      This demonstration guidance manual has been prepared to assist Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc. (Energy Systems), staff in conducting demonstrations. It is prepared in checklist style to facilitate its use and assumes that Energy Systems personnel have project management responsibility. In addition to a detailed step-by-step listing of procedural considerations, a general checklist, logic flow diagram, and several examples of necessary plans are included to assist the user in developing an understanding of the many complex activities required to manage technology demonstrations. Demonstrations are pilot-scale applications of often innovative technologies to determine the commercial viability of the technologies to perform their designed function. Demonstrations are generally conducted on well-defined problems for which existing technologies or processes are less than satisfactory in terms of effectiveness, cost, and/or regulatory compliance. Critically important issues in demonstration management include, but are not limited to, such factors as communications with line and matrix management and with the US Department of Energy (DOE) and Energy Systems staff responsible for management oversight, budgetary and schedule requirements, regulatory compliance, and safety.

    19. Flight Guidance System Validation Using SPIN

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Naydich, Dimitri; Nowakowski, John

      1998-01-01

      To verify the requirements for the mode control logic of a Flight Guidance System (FGS) we applied SPIN, a widely used software package that supports the formal verification of distributed systems. These requirements, collectively called the FGS specification, were developed at Rockwell Avionics & Communications and expressed in terms of the Consortium Requirements Engineering (CoRE) method. The properties to be verified are the invariants formulated in the FGS specification, along with the standard properties of consistency and completeness. The project had two stages. First, the FGS specification and the properties to be verified were reformulated in PROMELA, the input language of SPIN. This involved a semantics issue, as some constructs of the FGS specification do not have well-defined semantics in CoRE. Then we attempted to verify the requirements' properties using the automatic model checking facilities of SPIN. Due to the large size of the state space of the FGS specification an exhaustive state space analysis with SPIN turned out to be impossible. So we used the supertrace model checking procedure of SPIN that provides for a partial analysis of the state space. During this process, we found some subtle errors in the FGS specification.

    20. Can coffee improve image guidance?

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Wirz, Raul; Lathrop, Ray A.; Godage, Isuru S.; Burgner-Kahrs, Jessica; Russell, Paul T.; Webster, Robert J.

      2015-03-01

      Anecdotally, surgeons sometimes observe large errors when using image guidance in endonasal surgery. We hypothesize that one contributing factor is the possibility that operating room personnel might accidentally bump the optically tracked rigid body attached to the patient after registration has been performed. In this paper we explore the registration error at the skull base that can be induced by simulated bumping of the rigid body, and find that large errors can occur when simulated bumps are applied to the rigid body. To address this, we propose a new fixation method for the rigid body based on granular jamming (i.e. using particles like ground coffee). Our results show that our granular jamming fixation prototype reduces registration error by 28%-68% (depending on bump direction) in comparison to a standard Brainlab reference headband.

    1. Endangerment assessment guidance. Final report

      SciTech Connect

      Not Available

      1985-10-21

      The directive clarifies the requirement that an endangerment assessment be developed to support all administrative and judicial enforcement actions under Section 106 of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) and Section 7003 of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Before taking enforcement action under these provisions to abate the hazards or potential hazards at a site, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) must be able to properly document and justify its assertion that an imminent and substantial endangerment to public health or welfare or the environment may exist. The endangerment assessment provides the documentation and justification. The endangerment assessment is not necessary to support Section 104 actions. It also provides guidance on the content, timing, level of detail, format, and resources required for the preparation of endangerment assessments.

    2. Longwall Guidance and Control Development

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      1982-01-01

      The longwall guidance and control (G&C) system was evaluated to determine which systems and subsystems lent themselves to automatic control in the mining of coal. The upper coal/shale interface was identified as the reference for a vertical G&C system, with two sensors (the natural backgound and the sensitized pick) being used to locate and track this boundary. In order to insure a relatively smooth recession surface (roof and floor of the excavated seam), a last and present cut measuring instrument (acoustic sensor) was used. Potentiometers were used to measure elevations of the shearer arms. The intergration of these components comprised the vertical control system (pitch control). Yaw and roll control were incorporated into a face alignment system which was designed to keep the coal face normal to its external boundaries. Numerous tests, in the laboratory and in the field, have confirmed the feasibility of automatic horizon control, as well as determining the face alignment.

    3. Orion Cislunar Guidance and Navigation

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      D'Souza, Christopher; Crain, Timothy; Clark, Fred C.

      2007-01-01

      The Orion vehicle is being designed to provide nominal crew transport to the lunar transportation stack in low Earth orbit, crew abort prior during transit to the moon, and crew return to Earth once lunar orbit is achieved. Design of guidance and navigation algorithms to perform maneuvers in support of these functions is dependent on the support provided by navigation infrastructure, the performance of the onboard GN&C system, and the choice of trajectory maneuver methodology for outbound and return mission phases. This paper documents the preliminary integrated analyses performed by members of the Orion Orbit GN&C System team investigating the navigation update accuracy of a modern equivalent to the Apollo era ground tracking network and the expected onboard dispersion and navigation errors during a lunar mission using a linear covariance error analysis technique.

    4. Guidance, Navigation, and Control Program

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Hinkel, Heather; Tamblyn, Scott; Jackson, William L.; Foster, Chris; Brazzel, Jack; Manning, Thomas R.; Clark, Fred; Spehar, Pete; Barrett, Jim D.; Milenkovic, Zoran

      2011-01-01

      The Rendezvous and Proximity Operations Program (RPOP) is real-time guidance, navigation, and control (GN&C) domain piloting-aid software that provides 3D Orbiter graphics and runs on the Space Shuttle's Criticality-3 Payload and General Support Computer (PGSC) in the crew cockpit. This software provides the crew with Situational Awareness during the rendezvous and proximity operations phases of flight. RPOP can be configured from flight to flight, accounting for mission-specific flight scenarios and target vehicles, via initialization load (I-load) data files. The software provides real-time, automated, closed-loop guidance recommendations and the capability to integrate the crew s manual backup techniques. The software can bring all relative navigation sensor data, including the Orbiter's GPC (general purpose computer) data, into one central application to provide comprehensive situational awareness of the rendezvous and proximity operations trajectory. RPOP also can separately maintain trajectory estimates (past, current, and predicted) based on certain data types and co-plot them, in order to show how the various navigation solutions compare. RPOP s best estimate of the relative trajectory is determined by a relative Kalman filter processing data provided by the sensor suite s most accurate sensor, the trajectory control sensor (TCS). Integrated with the Kalman filter is an algorithm that identifies the reflector that the TCS is tracking. Because RPOP runs on PC laptop computers, the development and certification lifecycles are more agile, flexible, and cheaper than those that govern the Orbiter FSW (flight software) that runs in the GPC. New releases of RPOP can be turned around on a 3- to 6-month template, from new Change Request (CR) to certification, depending on the complexity of the changes.

    5. MGR COMPLIANCE PROGRAM GUIDANCE PACKAGE FOR RADIATION PROTECTION EQUIPMENT, INSTRUMENTATION AND FACILITIES

      SciTech Connect

      N /A

      2000-02-01

      This Compliance Program Guidance Package identifies the regulatory guidance and industry codes and standards addressing radiation protection equipment, instrumentation, and support facilities considered to be appropriate for radiation protection at the Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR). Included are considerations relevant to radiation monitoring instruments, calibration, contamination control and decontamination, respiratory protection equipment, and general radiation protection facilities. The scope of this Guidance Package does not include design guidance relevant to criticality monitoring, area radiation monitoring, effluent monitoring, and airborne radioactivity monitoring systems since they are considered to be the topics of specific design and construction requirements (i.e., ''fixed'' or ''built-in'' systems). This Guidance Package does not address radiation protection design issues; it addresses the selection and calibration of radiation monitoring instrumentation to the extent that the guidance is relevant to the operational radiation protection program. Radon and radon progeny monitoring instrumentation is not included in the Guidance Package since such naturally occurring radioactive materials do not fall within the NRC's jurisdiction at the MGR.

    6. 78 FR 56752 - Interim Staff Guidance Specific Environmental Guidance for Integral Pressurized Water Reactors...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2013-09-13

      ... COMMISSION Interim Staff Guidance Specific Environmental Guidance for Integral Pressurized Water Reactors... and operate integral pressurized water reactors (iPWR). This guidance applies to environmental reviews... purchase copies of public documents at the NRC's PDR, Room O1-F21, One White Flint North, 11555...

    7. 12 CFR 16.8 - Small issues.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-01-01

      ... requirements of Commission Regulation A (17 CFR part 230, Regulation A—Conditional Small Issues Exemption) to... Disclosure by Bank Holding Companies (17 CFR 229.801(c) and 231) and requirement 7 (Loans) of Rule 9-03 of Commission Regulation S-X (17 CFR 230.9-03) for guidance on appropriate disclosures when preparing...

    8. Career Education Models. Trends and Issues Alert.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Brown, Bettina Lankard

      The evolution of the workplace has required changes in the guidance and counseling practices of career education (CE). Basic elements of CE strategies for enhancing students' career awareness, exploration, and planning are still in place, but contemporary issues such as life-work balance, involuntary career transitions, and mentoring have led to…

    9. 12 CFR 16.8 - Small issues.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-01-01

      ... requirements of Commission Regulation A (17 CFR part 230, Regulation A—Conditional Small Issues Exemption) to... Disclosure by Bank Holding Companies (17 CFR 229.801(c) and 231) and requirement 7 (Loans) of Rule 9-03 of Commission Regulation S-X (17 CFR 230.9-03) for guidance on appropriate disclosures when preparing...

    10. Family Issues

      MedlinePlus

      ... not mean that everyone gets along all the time. Conflicts are a part of family life. Many things can lead to conflict, such as illness, disability, addiction, job loss, school problems, and marital issues. Listening to ...

    11. Guidance for performing preliminary assessments under CERCLA

      SciTech Connect

      1991-09-01

      EPA headquarters and a national site assessment workgroup produced this guidance for Regional, State, and contractor staff who manage or perform preliminary assessments (PAs). EPA has focused this guidance on the types of sites and site conditions most commonly encountered. The PA approach described in this guidance is generally applicable to a wide variety of sites. However, because of the variability among sites, the amount of information available, and the level of investigative effort required, it is not possible to provide guidance that is equally applicable to all sites. PA investigators should recognize this and be aware that variation from this guidance may be necessary for some sites, particularly for PAs performed at Federal facilities, PAs conducted under EPA`s Environmental Priorities Initiative (EPI), and PAs at sites that have previously been extensively investigated by EPA or others. The purpose of this guidance is to provide instructions for conducting a PA and reporting results. This guidance discusses the information required to evaluate a site and how to obtain it, how to score a site, and reporting requirements. This document also provides guidelines and instruction on PA evaluation, scoring, and the use of standard PA scoresheets. The overall goal of this guidance is to assist PA investigators in conducting high-quality assessments that result in correct site screening or further action recommendations on a nationally consistent basis.

    12. Vocational Guidance Requests within the International Scene

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Goodman, Jane; Gillis, Sarah

      2009-01-01

      This article summarizes the work of a diverse group of researchers and practitioners from 5 continents on "Vocational Guidance Requests Within the International Scene" presented in the discussion group at a symposium of the International Association for Educational and Vocational Guidance, the Society for Vocational Psychology, and the National…

    13. Behavioral mechanisms of mammalian sperm guidance

      PubMed Central

      Pérez-Cerezales, Serafín; Boryshpolets, Sergii; Eisenbach, Michael

      2015-01-01

      In mammals, sperm guidance in the oviduct appears essential for successful sperm arrival at the oocyte. Hitherto, three different potential sperm guidance mechanisms have been recognized: thermotaxis, rheotaxis, and chemotaxis, each of them using specific stimuli – a temperature gradient, fluid flow, and a chemoattractant gradient, respectively. Here, we review sperm behavioral in these mechanisms and indicate commonalities and differences between them. PMID:25999361

    14. HANDBOOK: HAZARDOUS WASTE INCINERATION MEASUREMENT GUIDANCE

      EPA Science Inventory

      This publication, Volume III of the Hazardous Waste Incineration Guidance Series, contains general guidance to permit writers in reviewing hazardous waste incineration permit applications and trial burn plans. he handbook is a how-to document dealing with how incineration measure...

    15. 45 CFR 1235.2 - Implementation guidance.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-10-01

      ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Implementation guidance. 1235.2 Section 1235.2... SERVICE LOCALLY GENERATED CONTRIBUTIONS IN OLDER AMERICAN VOLUNTEER PROGRAMS § 1235.2 Implementation guidance. ACTION's implementation of section 224 of the DVSA is based on fundamental principles...

    16. 21 CFR 312.145 - Guidance documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-04-01

      ... and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE INVESTIGATIONAL NEW DRUG APPLICATION Miscellaneous § 312.145 Guidance documents. (a) FDA has... Evaluation and Research (CBER) maintain lists of guidance documents that apply to the centers'...

    17. 21 CFR 312.145 - Guidance documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-04-01

      ... and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE INVESTIGATIONAL NEW DRUG APPLICATION Miscellaneous § 312.145 Guidance documents. (a) FDA has... Evaluation and Research (CBER) maintain lists of guidance documents that apply to the centers'...

    18. 21 CFR 312.145 - Guidance documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-04-01

      ... and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE INVESTIGATIONAL NEW DRUG APPLICATION Miscellaneous § 312.145 Guidance documents. (a) FDA has... Evaluation and Research (CBER) maintain lists of guidance documents that apply to the centers'...

    19. 21 CFR 312.145 - Guidance documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-04-01

      ... and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE INVESTIGATIONAL NEW DRUG APPLICATION Miscellaneous § 312.145 Guidance documents. (a) FDA has... Evaluation and Research (CBER) maintain lists of guidance documents that apply to the centers'...

    20. Educational Guidance for Adults. Identifying Competences.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Oakeshott, Martin

      A brief study conducted for the Further Education Unit, Great Britain, defined the competencies associated with educational guidance for adults. The objective was to develop a qualification for educational guidance workers with adults. The project provided an example of applying a competence model to a "higher level" interpersonal field of work.…

    1. Learners' Needs in College-Based Guidance.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Further Education Unit, London (England).

      Recent Further Education Unit (FEU) research has provided clear evidence of technical college students' needs for career and educational guidance throughout their program of study. Inhouse technical college guidance services to individuals and institutions offer a number of benefits to both students receiving the services and the institutions…

    2. Guidance Counsellor Strategies for Handling Bullying

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Power-Elliott, Michleen; Harris, Gregory E.

      2012-01-01

      The purpose of this exploratory-descriptive study was to examine how guidance counsellors in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador would handle a specific verbal-relational bullying incident. Also of interest was guidance counsellor involvement and training in bullying programmes and Positive Behaviour Supports. Data for this study was…

    3. 78 FR 15710 - Strong Sensitizer Guidance

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2013-03-12

      ...The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC or Commission) is announcing the availability of a document prepared by CPSC staff titled, ``Strong Sensitizer Guidance.'' This guidance document is intended to clarify the ``strong sensitizer'' definition, assist manufacturers in understanding how CPSC staff would assess whether a substance and/or product containing that substance should be......

    4. Career Guidance in the Elementary School

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Smith, Phyllis E.; Rost, Paul

      1973-01-01

      Three practical ideas that can be implemented in elementary schools are given: (1) a guidance committee (composed of representatives from each grade level and an administrator) to facilitate involvement in the school guidance program; (2) field trips to introduce students to the world of work and to establish motivations for learning subject…

    5. Social Benefits of Career Guidance. NICEC Briefing.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Killeen, John; Watts, Tony; Kidd, Jenny

      Social benefits can be thought of as aggregates of individual benefits, though with possible "snowball" effects. Potential social benefits of career guidance fall into the following two main categories: reducing social exclusion and enhancing social development. Guidance is a way of making the structure of society work, by linking individual needs…

    6. Career Guidance in Wales: Retrospect and Prospect

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Clark, Mike; Talbot, John

      2006-01-01

      Deregulation of the LEA Careers Service followed by the establishment of the National Assembly for Wales in 1999 led, through consultation, to the establishment of a bi-lingual all-age career guidance service under the banner of Careers Wales. The article traces the history of career guidance in Wales from 1974, showing how it has taken a very…

    7. Career Guidance and Public Mental Health

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Robertson, Peter J.

      2013-01-01

      Career guidance may have the potential to promote public health by contributing positively to both the prevention of mental health conditions and to population level well-being. The policy implications of this possibility have received little attention. Career guidance agencies are well placed to reach key target groups. Producing persuasive…

    8. Foundations for Policy in Guidance and Counseling.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Herr, Edwin L., Ed.; Pinson, Nancy M., Ed.

      This book provides educators, counselors, policy makers, and community members with information about the state of the art of federal and state policy in guidance and counseling. The two chapters in part 1, Overview, are: "Foundations for Policy in Guidance and Counseling: An Introduction", by Edwin L. Herr and Nancy M. Pinson; and "A Counselor…

    9. The Internationalization of Educational and Vocational Guidance

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Savickas, Mark L.; Van Esbroeck, Raoul; Herr, Edwin L.

      2005-01-01

      The authors identify and discuss the main themes from the discourse on the internationalization of educational and vocational guidance at the 2004 "Symposium on International Perspectives on Career Development," co sponsored by the International Association for Educational and Vocational Guidance and the National Career Development Association.…

    10. 78 FR 57450 - State Rail Plan Guidance

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2013-09-18

      ... authorized in the Act and available under the High-Speed Intercity Passenger Rail program. This guidance... qualifies States to receive grants for high-speed rail only. Response: Operational information about all... Federal Railroad Administration State Rail Plan Guidance AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration...

    11. Getting Closer: Workplace Guidance for Lifelong Learning

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Plant, Peter; Turner, Bob

      2005-01-01

      The purposes of this article are twofold. First, it considers the policy links between guidance and lifelong learning, highlighting in particular the implications of findings from a recent study by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Secondly, it critically compares two approaches to workplace guidance about…

    12. New Tools for Guidance in Business Education.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Shimberg, Benjamin

      Several recently developed measurement instruments, the General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB), the Comparative Guidance and Placement Program (CGP), the Kuder Occupational Interest Survey (DD), the Ohio Vocational Interest Survey (OVIS), and the Gordon Occupational Check List, are considered in connection with guidance testing for occupational…

    13. Career Guidance in the Elementary School

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Leonard, George E.

      1971-01-01

      The purpose of this column is to discuss, describe and disseminate information regarding career guidance principles and practices in the elementary schools. Specifically the activities of the Developmental Career Guidance Projects in inner city Detroit are described. The activities emphasize action involvement of children while didactic learning…

    14. Elementary School Guidance Work Conference. Conference Report.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Herr, Edwin L.; Hershberger, James K.

      In October, 1967, 100 invited participants representing all aspects of guidance, education, school administration, counselor education, psychology, and interested government agencies in Pennsylvania met for three days to listen, think, discuss, and hopefully develop some recommendations for those who want a better program of elementary guidance.…

    15. Preparation of Occupational Guidance Counselors. Final Report.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Occupational Research Unit.

      The project had three goals: to increase the supply of elementary counselors in North Carolina, to provide guidance services to seventeen elementary schools in a satisfactory manner so the program would be adopted after expiration of the project, and to provide systematic guidance services for children in grades one through six. Four full time…

    16. Approach guidance for outer planet pioneer missions

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Bejczy, A. K.

      1975-01-01

      Onboard optical approach guidance measurements for spin-stabilized Pioneer-type spacecraft are discussed. Approach guidance measurement accuracy requirements are outlined. The application concept and operation principle of the V-slit star tracker are discussed within the context of approach guidance measurements and measurables. It is shown that the accuracy of onboard optical approach guidance measurements is inherently coupled to the stability characteristics of the spacecraft spin axis. Geometrical and physical measurement parameters are presented for Pioneer entry probe missions to Uranus via Jupiter or Saturn flyby. The impact of these parameters on both sensor instrumentation and measurement system design is discussed. The need for sensing extended objects is shown. The feasibility of implementing an onboard approach guidance measurement system for Pioneer-type spacecraft is indicated. Two Pioneer 10 onboard measurement experiments performed in May-June 1974 are described.

    17. An adaptive guidance algorithm for aerospace vehicles

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Bradt, J. E.; Hardtla, J. W.; Cramer, E. J.

      The specifications for proposed space transportation systems are placing more emphasis on developing reusable avionics subsystems which have the capability to respond to vehicle evolution and diverse missions while at the same time reducing the cost of ground support for mission planning, contingency response and verification and validation. An innovative approach to meeting these goals is to specify the guidance problem as a multi-point boundary value problen and solve that problem using modern control theory and nonlinear constrained optimization techniques. This approach has been implemented as Gamma Guidance (Hardtla, 1978) and has been successfully flown in the Inertial Upper Stage. The adaptive guidance algorithm described in this paper is a generalized formulation of Gamma Guidance. The basic equations are presented and then applied to four diverse aerospace vehicles to demonstrate the feasibility of using a reusable, explicit, adaptive guidance algorithm for diverse applications and vehicles.

    18. Providing scientific guidance on DNA to the judiciary.

      PubMed

      Evett, Ian; Pope, Susan; Puch-Solis, Roberto

      2016-07-01

      A series of short documents have been written in response to a request from the UK Judiciary for explanations of research that was commissioned in response to questions they had raised. These related principally to the potential impact of primer binding site mutation (PBSM) but it became clear at an early stage that it was necessary to explain related issues. The three scientific guidance papers (SGPs) that have been prepared thus far are presented in their entirety so that UK scientists may be aware of what has been presented to judges. Suggestions for further work, including possible communication to jurors are discussed. PMID:27320401

    19. Entry Guidance for the Reusable Launch Vehicle

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Lu, Ping

      1999-01-01

      The X-33 Advanced Technology Demonstrator is a half-scale prototype developed to test the key technologies needed for a full-scale single-stage reusable launch vehicle (RLV). The X-33 is a suborbital vehicle that will be launched vertically, and land horizontally. The goals of this research were to develop an alternate entry guidance scheme for the X-33 in parallel to the actual X-33 entry guidance algorithms, provide comparative and complementary study, and identify potential new ways to improve entry guidance performance. Toward these goals, the nominal entry trajectory is defined by a piecewise linear drag-acceleration-versus-energy profile, which is in turn obtained by the solution of a semi-analytical parameter optimization problem. The closed-loop guidance is accomplished by tracking the nominal drag profile with primarily bank-angle modulation on-board. The bank-angle is commanded by a single full-envelope nonlinear trajectory control law. Near the end of the entry flight, the guidance logic is switched to heading control in order to meet strict conditions at the terminal area energy management interface. Two methods, one on ground-track control and the other on heading control, were proposed and examined for this phase of entry guidance where lateral control is emphasized. Trajectory dispersion studies were performed to evaluate the effectiveness of the entry guidance algorithms against a number of uncertainties including those in propulsion system, atmospheric properties, winds, aerodynamics, and propellant loading. Finally, a new trajectory-regulation method is introduced at the end as a promising precision entry guidance method. The guidance principle is very different and preliminary application in X-33 entry guidance simulation showed high precision that is difficult to achieve by existing methods.

    20. The Role of Registration in Accurate Surgical Guidance

      PubMed Central

      Fitzpatrick, J. Michael

      2016-01-01

      Registration is presented as the central issue of surgical guidance. The focus is on the accuracy of approaches employed today, all of which use pre-operative images to guide surgery on rigid anatomy. The three most well established approaches to guidance—the stereotactic frame, point fiducials, and surface matching—are examined in detail, along with two new approaches based on microstereotactic frames. It is shown that each method relies on the registration of points in the image to corresponding points in the operating room, and therefore that the error patterns associated with point registration are similar for all of them. Three types of registration error—fiducial localization error (FLE), fiducial registration error (FRE), and target registration error (TRE) are highlighted, as well as two additional guidance errors—target localization error, and total targeting error, the latter of which is the overall error of the guidance system. Statistical relationships between TRE and FLE, between FRE and FLE, and among TRE, TLE and TTE are given. Finally some myths concerning fiducial registration are highlighted. PMID:20718266

    1. Space shuttle guidance, navigation, and control design equations. Volume 3: Guidance

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      1973-01-01

      Space shuttle guidance, navigation, and control design equations are presented. The space-shuttle mission includes three relatively distinct guidance phases which are discussed; atmospheric boost, which is characterized by an adaptive guidance law; extra-atmospheric activities; and re-entry activities, where aerodynamic surfaces are the principal effectors. Guidance tasks include pre-maneuver targeting and powered flight guidance, where powered flight is defined to include the application of aerodynamic forces as well as thruster forces. A flow chart which follows guidance activities throughout the mission from the pre-launch phase through touchdown is presented. The main guidance programs and subroutines used in each phase of a typical rendezvous mission are listed. Detailed software requirements are also presented.

    2. E2C(R2) Periodic Benefit-Risk Evaluation Report and E2C(R2) Periodic Benefit-Risk Evaluation Report--Questions and Answers; International Council for Harmonisation; Guidances for Industry; Availability. Notice.

      PubMed

      2016-07-19

      The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or Agency) is announcing the availability of guidances for industry entitled ``E2C(R2) Periodic Benefit-Risk Evaluation'' (E2C(R2) guidance) and ``E2C(R2) Periodic Benefit-Risk Evaluation Report--Questions and Answers'' (E2C(R2) Q&A guidance). These guidances were prepared under the auspices of the International Council for Harmonisation (ICH), formerly the International Conference on Harmonisation. The E2C(R2) draft guidance, issued April 11, 2012, updated and combined two ICH guidances, ``E2C Clinical Safety Data Management: Periodic Safety Update Reports for Marketed Drugs'' (E2C guidance) and ``Addendum to E2C Clinical Safety Data Management: Periodic Safety Update Reports for Marketed Drugs'' (addendum to the E2C guidance). The E2C(R2) guidance is intended to describe the format, content, and timing of a Periodic Benefit-Risk Evaluation Report (PBRER) for an approved drug or biologic, and it finalizes the draft guidance. The E2C(R2) Q&A guidance is a supplementary guidance that is intended to clarify key issues in the E2C(R2) guidance. PMID:27459749

    3. Medicolegal issues.

      PubMed

      Torres, Abel; Konda, Sailesh; Nino, Tanya; de Golian, Emily

      2016-01-01

      The legal landscape in dermatology is constantly evolving. Dermatologists should nurture strong physician-patient relationships with proper informed consent and stay abreast of legal issues as they pertain to today's practice of medicine. Medicolegal issues that have risen to the forefront include wrong-site surgery, delegation of procedures to nonphysician operators, and compounding of medications. Additionally, although the marriage of health care and technology has facilitated our practice of medicine, it has opened doors to new medicolegal pitfalls associated with the use of electronic medical records, teledermatology, and even social media. This contribution will highlight some of the common medicolegal issues in dermatology along with recommendations to minimize exposure to litigation. PMID:26773630

    4. Update: Interim Guidance for Prevention of Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus--United States, 2016.

      PubMed

      Oster, Alexandra M; Russell, Kate; Stryker, Jo Ellen; Friedman, Allison; Kachur, Rachel E; Petersen, Emily E; Jamieson, Denise J; Cohn, Amanda C; Brooks, John T

      2016-01-01

      CDC issued interim guidance for the prevention of sexual transmission of Zika virus on February 5, 2016. The following recommendations apply to men who have traveled to or reside in areas with active Zika virus transmission and their female or male sex partners. These recommendations replace the previously issued recommendations and are updated to include time intervals after travel to areas with active Zika virus transmission or after Zika virus infection for taking precautions to reduce the risk for sexual transmission. This guidance defines potential sexual exposure to Zika virus as any person who has had sex (i.e., vaginal intercourse, anal intercourse, or fellatio) without a condom with a man who has traveled to or resides in an area with active Zika virus transmission. This guidance will be updated as more information becomes available. PMID:27032078

    5. Numerical Skip-Entry Guidance

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Tigges, Michael; Crull, Timothy; Rea, Jeremy; Johnson, Wyatt

      2006-01-01

      This paper assesses a preliminary guidance and targeting strategy for accomplishing Skip-Entry (SE) flight during a lunar return-capsule entry flight. One of the primary benefits of flying a SE trajectory is to provide the crew with continuous Continental United States (CONUS) landing site access throughout the lunar month. Without a SE capability, the capsule must land either in water or at one of several distributed land sites in the Southern Hemisphere for a significant portion of a lunar month using a landing and recovery scenario similar to that employed during the Apollo program. With a SE trajectory, the capsule can land either in water at a site in proximity to CONUS or at one of several distributed landing sites within CONUS, thereby simplifying the operational requirements for crew retrieval and vehicle recovery, and possibly enabling a high degree of vehicle reusability. Note that a SE capability does not require that the vehicle land on land. A SE capability enables a longer-range flight than a direct-entry flight, which permits the vehicle to land at a much greater distance from the Entry Interface (EI) point. This does not exclude using this approach to push the landing point to a water location in proximity of CONUS and utilizing water or airborne recovery forces.

    6. Optofluidic control of axonal guidance

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Gu, Ling; Ordonez, Simon; Black, Bryan; Mohanty, Samarendra K.

      2013-03-01

      Significant efforts are being made for control on axonal guidance due to its importance in nerve regeneration and in the formation of functional neuronal circuitry in-vitro. These include several physical (topographic modification, optical force, and electric field), chemical (surface functionalization cues) and hybrid (electro-chemical, photochemical etc) methods. Here, we report comparison of the effect of linear flow versus microfluidic flow produced by an opticallydriven micromotor in guiding retinal ganglion axons. A circularly polarized laser tweezers was used to hold, position and spin birefringent calcite particle near growth cone, which in turn resulted in microfluidic flow. The flow rate and resulting shear-force on axons could be controlled by a varying the power of the laser tweezers beam. The calcite particles were placed separately in one chamber and single particle was transported through microfluidic channel to another chamber containing the retina explant. In presence of flow, the turning of axons was found to strongly correlate with the direction of flow. Turning angle as high as 90° was achieved. Optofluidic-manipulation can be applied to other types of mammalian neurons and also can be extended to stimulate mechano-sensing neurons.

    7. [Recipients adverse reactions: guidance supports].

      PubMed

      Bazin, A

      2010-12-01

      Since 1994, adverse effects of transfusion transmitted to the French haemovigilance network are registered on "e-fit", the database of the French agency for the safety of health products (Afssaps). In order to improve their analysis, guidance supports have been made by Afssaps working groups. Each support deals with a blood transfusion side effect and is composed of five parts including pathophysiological mechanisms, diagnostic criteria, management recommendations, etiologic investigations and rules of filing the notification form on e-fit. The major characteristics of sheets published or soon-to-be published are presented: transfusion-related acute lung injury, transfusion-transmitted bacterial infection, non-haemolytic febrile reaction, allergic reaction, transfusion-associated circulatory overload, hypotensive transfusion reaction, alloimmunization, erythrocyte incompatibility reaction and hemosiderosis. These new supports give relevant guidelines allowing a better analysis and evaluation of recipients' adverse reactions, particularly their diagnosis, gravity and accountability. They could also initiate studies in European and international haemovigilance and transfusion networks. PMID:21051267

    8. Planning guidance for the Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program

      SciTech Connect

      Shumpert, B.L.; Watson, A.P.; Sorensen, J.H.

      1995-02-01

      This planning guide was developed under the direction of the U.S. Army and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) which jointly coordinate and direct the development of the Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program (CSEPP). It was produced to assist state, local, and Army installation planners in formulating and coordinating plans for chemical events that may occur at the chemical agent stockpile storage locations in the continental United States. This document provides broad planning guidance for use by both on-post and off-post agencies and organizations in the development of a coordinated plan for responding to chemical events. It contains checklists to assist in assuring that all important aspects are included in the plans and procedures developed at each Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program (CSDP) location. The checklists are supplemented by planning guidelines in the appendices which provide more detailed guidance regarding some issues. The planning guidance contained in this document will help ensure that adequate coordination between on-post and off-post planners occurs during the planning process. This planning guide broadly describes an adequate emergency planning base that assures that critical planning decisions will be made consistently at every chemical agent stockpile location. This planning guide includes material drawn from other documents developed by the FEMA, the Army, and other federal agencies with emergency preparedness program responsibilities. Some of this material has been developed specifically to meet the unique requirements of the CSEPP. In addition to this guidance, other location-specific documents, technical studies, and support studies should be used as needed to assist in the planning at each of the chemical agent stockpile locations to address the specific hazards and conditions at each location.

    9. 78 FR 54949 - Major Project Financial Plan Guidance

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2013-09-06

      ... TRANSPORTATION Federal Highway Administration Major Project Financial Plan Guidance AGENCY: Federal Highway... Major Project Financial Plan Guidance outlining the procedures the FHWA will follow when reviewing and approving Financial Plans. The proposed Major Project Financial Plan Guidance incorporates changes...

    10. Decision Guidance for Sustainable Manufacturing

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Shao, Guodong

      2013-01-01

      Sustainable manufacturing has significant impacts on a company's business performance and competitiveness in today's world. A growing number of manufacturing industries are initiating efforts to address sustainability issues; however, to achieve a higher level of sustainability, manufacturers need methodologies for formally describing, analyzing,…

    11. Optimal guidance law in quantum mechanics

      SciTech Connect

      Yang, Ciann-Dong Cheng, Lieh-Lieh

      2013-11-15

      Following de Broglie’s idea of a pilot wave, this paper treats quantum mechanics as a problem of stochastic optimal guidance law design. The guidance scenario considered in the quantum world is that an electron is the flight vehicle to be guided and its accompanying pilot wave is the guidance law to be designed so as to guide the electron to a random target driven by the Wiener process, while minimizing a cost-to-go function. After solving the stochastic optimal guidance problem by differential dynamic programming, we point out that the optimal pilot wave guiding the particle’s motion is just the wavefunction Ψ(t,x), a solution to the Schrödinger equation; meanwhile, the closed-loop guidance system forms a complex state–space dynamics for Ψ(t,x), from which quantum operators emerge naturally. Quantum trajectories under the action of the optimal guidance law are solved and their statistical distribution is shown to coincide with the prediction of the probability density function Ψ{sup ∗}Ψ. -- Highlights: •Treating quantum mechanics as a pursuit-evasion game. •Reveal an interesting analogy between guided flight motion and guided quantum motion. •Solve optimal quantum guidance problem by dynamic programming. •Gives a formal proof of de Broglie–Bohm’s idea of a pilot wave. •The optimal pilot wave is shown to be a wavefunction solved from Schrödinger equation.

    12. Guidance for industry: patient-reported outcome measures: use in medical product development to support labeling claims: draft guidance

      PubMed Central

      2006-01-01

      This guidance describes how the FDA evaluates patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments used as effectiveness endpoints in clinical trials. It also describes our current thinking on how sponsors can develop and use study results measured by PRO instruments to support claims in approved product labeling (see appendix point 1). It does not address the use of PRO instruments for purposes beyond evaluation of claims made about a drug or medical product in its labeling. By explicitly addressing the review issues identified in this guidance, sponsors can increase the efficiency of their endpoint discussions with the FDA during the product development process, streamline the FDA's review of PRO endpoint adequacy, and provide optimal information about the patient's perspective of treatment benefit at the time of product approval. A PRO is a measurement of any aspect of a patient's health status that comes directly from the patient (i.e., without the interpretation of the patient's responses by a physician or anyone else). In clinical trials, a PRO instrument can be used to measure the impact of an intervention on one or more aspects of patients' health status, hereafter referred to as PRO concepts, ranging from the purely symptomatic (response of a headache) to more complex concepts (e.g., ability to carry out activities of daily living), to extremely complex concepts such as quality of life, which is widely understood to be a multidomain concept with physical, psychological, and social components. Data generated by a PRO instrument can provide evidence of a treatment benefit from the patient perspective. For this data to be meaningful, however, there should be evidence that the PRO instrument effectively measures the particular concept that is studied. Generally, findings measured by PRO instruments may be used to support claims in approved product labeling if the claims are derived from adequate and well-controlled investigations that use PRO instruments that reliably

    13. Unaddressed Issues

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Rochester, J. Martin

      2005-01-01

      Walter Parker's January article, "Teaching Against Idiocy," raises important and fascinating issues relating to the proper role and function of the K-12 social studies classroom. Although J. Martin Rochester, the author of this article, agrees with his basic premise that schools obviously have an obligation to help promote citizenship education,…

    14. Sanskrit Issue.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Miller, Barbara Stoler, Ed.

      1971-01-01

      This issue of "Mahfil" is devoted to Sanskrit literature and contains a note on Sanskrit pronunciation and selections of Sanskrit literature. It also contains articles analyzing and discussing various aspects of the literature, including "Sanskrit Rhetoric and Poetic,""The Creative Role of the Goddess Vac in the 'Rgveda,'""Vedic and Epic…

    15. Bond Issues.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Pollack, Rachel H.

      2000-01-01

      Notes trends toward increased borrowing by colleges and universities and offers guidelines for institutions that are considering issuing bonds to raise money for capital projects. Discussion covers advantages of using bond financing, how use of bonds impacts on traditional fund raising, other cautions and concerns, and some troubling aspects of…

    16. Aeroassist flight experiment guidance Quiet Time

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Striepe, Scott A.; Suit, William T.

      1988-01-01

      The science experiments for the Aeroassist Flight Experiment (AFE) will be greatly enhanced by taking measurements with no Reaction Control System (RCS) contamination just before perigee. Methods of modifying the AFE guidance to accomplish this are discussed. Several methods that could give up to 30 seconds of quiet time were investigated and the results of these guidance modifications shown. A 20 second quiet time is definitely possible and a 30 second quiet time may be possible if the guidance can be inactive past perigee. Some of the most significant being the criterion for determining if the mission is threatened. A limited follow-on test program is outlined.

    17. Navigating through 'a labyrinth' of guidance.

      PubMed

      Pearson, Susan

      2014-09-01

      Devising a strategy to deliver safe water to thousands of outlets spread across numerous buildings is always going to be a challenge, so how do you navigate your way through a bewildering labyrinth of sometimes contradictory guidance documents? Is there, in fact, simply too much guidance? Posing this question at a recent one-day conference on waterborne infections in healthcare facilities, Paul Nolan, authorised water engineer (AE), and operations manager for PFI provider, Lend Lease, took delegates through a review of the latest guidance and regulations, as Susan Pearson reports. PMID:25282983

    18. 76 FR 50275 - Guidance for the Assessment of Beyond-Design-Basis Aircraft Impacts

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-08-12

      ... on July 10, 2009 (74 FR 33282), for a 60-day public comment period. The public comment period closed... Commission) is issuing a new guide regulatory guide, (RG) 1.217, ``Guidance for the Assessment of Beyond-Design-Basis Aircraft Impacts.'' This guide describes a method that the staff of NRC considers...

    19. 29 CFR 2509.08-1 - Supplemental guidance relating to fiduciary responsibility in considering economically targeted...

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-07-01

      ... bulletin modifies and supersedes the guidance set forth in interpretive bulletin 94-1 (29 CFR 2509.94-1... Department has issued a regulation, at 29 CFR 2550.404a-1, interpreting the prudence requirements of ERISA as... required to comply with, but is not necessarily limited to, the requirements set forth in 29 CFR...

    20. 77 FR 50372 - Guidance for Industry: Questions and Answers Regarding the Final Rule, Prevention of Salmonella...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-08-21

      ..., 2009 (74 FR 33030), we issued a final rule requiring shell egg producers to implement measures to... the Federal Register of July 13, 2011 (76 FR 41157), we made available a draft guidance entitled... Answers Regarding the Final Rule, Prevention of Salmonella Enteritidis in Shell Eggs During...

    1. Increasing the Value of Age: Guidance in Employers' Age Management Strategies. Research Paper No 44

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2015

      2015-01-01

      The European active population is ageing. In the face of growing skills shortages, both national States and employers need to prolong the working lives of their most experienced workers. While enterprises strive to respond to this challenge, most still have not fully explored the potential of guidance activities in addressing age-related issues in…

    2. 75 FR 31273 - Social Security Administration Implementation of OMB Guidance for Drug-Free Workplace Requirements

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-06-03

      ...The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is consolidating all Federal regulations concerning drug-free workplace requirements for recipients of financial assistance. Accordingly, we are removing our regulation on this subject currently located within title 20 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) and issuing a new regulation to adopt the OMB guidance at 2 CFR part 182. The new regulation......

    3. 77 FR 74671 - Guidance for Industry: Questions and Answers Regarding Food Facility Registration (Fifth Edition)

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-12-17

      ..., 2003, FDA issued an interim final rule (68 FR 58894) to implement amendments to the FD&C Act made by... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Guidance for Industry: Questions and Answers Regarding Food Facility Registration (Fifth Edition) AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice....

    4. 76 FR 41803 - Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff; Establishing the Performance...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-07-15

      ... Differentiation of Influenza Viruses; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice... Differentiation of Influenza Viruses.'' FDA is issuing this guidance to inform industry and Agency staff of its... diagnostic devices intended for the detection or detection and differentiation of influenza viruses....

    5. Career Guidance, Families and School Counselors. Highlights: An ERIC/CAPS Digest.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Herbert, Deborah

      The need for a collaborative effort between school and family in the area of career guidance is considered in this digest. Issues relevant to this effort are discussed, including family determinants of children's career development, stages of children's career development, counselor guidelines for starting parent programs, and counselor…

    6. 77 FR 18671 - Implementation of OMB Guidance on Nonprocurement Debarment and Suspension

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-03-28

      ... that these agencies had adopted jointly in 1998. See 68 FR 66534 (November 26, 2003). The regulations... debarment (71 FR 66431). This guidance, located in 2 CFR part 180, is substantively the same as the common... subject issued on November 26, 2003 (68 FR 66609). The substance of the Department's...

    7. 75 FR 31794 - Information Sheet Guidance for Sponsors, Clinical Investigators, and IRBs; Frequently Asked...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-06-04

      ... FR 5861), which describes FDA's intention to update the process for developing, issuing, and making... Guidances as needed. In the Federal Register of July 29, 2008 (73 FR 43940), FDA announced the availability... Investigators, and IRBs; Frequently Asked Questions--Statement of Investigator (Form FDA 1572);...

    8. 76 FR 32863 - Guidance for Industry and Investigators on Enforcement of Safety Reporting Requirements for...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-06-07

      ... Requirements for Bioavailability and Bioequivalence Studies in Humans'' (75 FR 59935, September 29, 2010... Bioequivalence Studies in Humans'' (75 FR 59935) and issued related draft guidance ``Safety Reporting Requirements for INDs and BA/BE Studies'' (75 FR 60129, Docket No. FDA-2010-D-0482). The final rule amended...

    9. 77 FR 35259 - Guidance on Due Diligence Requirements in Determining Whether Securities Are Eligible for Investment

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-06-13

      ... 29, 2011 (76 FR 73777), the OCC issued proposed guidance together with a notice of proposed..., the OCC proposed to amend the definition of ``investment grade'' in 12 CFR part 1 to no longer reference credit ratings. Instead, ``investment grade'' securities would be those where the issuer has...

    10. 78 FR 5185 - Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff; Humanitarian Use Device (HUD...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2013-01-24

      ... approval of the HDE application. In the Federal Register of December 13, 2011 (76 FR 77542), FDA issued for... guidance to the Office of Orphan Products (OOPD), Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave..., MD 20852. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Eric Chen, Office of Orphan Products Development...

    11. 76 FR 36133 - Draft Guidances for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff: Classification of Products...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-06-21

      ... if: ``through either chemical reaction or intermolecular forces or both, the product mediates a... Issues; and Interpretation of the Term ``Chemical Action'' in the Definition of Device Under Section 201...'' and ``Draft Guidance for Industry and FDA Staff: Interpretation of the Term 'Chemical Action' in...

    12. 77 FR 20030 - Draft Guidance for Industry: Reporting Harmful and Potentially Harmful Constituents in Tobacco...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-04-03

      ... the HPHC list requirement (76 FR 5387, January 31, 2011). The guidance is available on the Internet at..., on August 12, 2011, FDA issued a document (the HPHC notice; 76 FR 50226) in the Federal Register... publishing a notice announcing the established list of HPHCs as required by section 904(e) of the FD&C...

    13. 78 FR 9709 - Draft Guidance Regarding Voluntary Inspection of Vessels for Compliance With the Maritime Labour...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2013-02-11

      ... comment (or signing the comment, if submitted on behalf of an association, business, labor union, etc..., 2008, issue of the Federal Register (73 FR 3316). Background and Purpose The 94th (Maritime) session of... force on August 20, 2013. The NVIC will provide guidance to the maritime industry, Coast Guard...

    14. 76 FR 55927 - Draft Guidance for Industry; Dietary Supplements: New Dietary Ingredient Notifications and...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-09-09

      ... and Related Issues; Availability,'' that appeared in the Federal Register of July 5, 2011 (76 FR 39111... 5, 2011 (76 FR 39111), FDA published a notice with a 90-day comment period to request comments on... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry; Dietary Supplements:...

    15. 76 FR 77492 - Draft Guidance on Improving the Process for Preparing Efficient and Timely Environmental Reviews...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-12-13

      ...The Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) is issuing its draft guidance on Improving the Process for Preparing Efficient and Timely Environmental Reviews under the National Environmental Policy Act for public review and comment. The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and CEQ Regulations implementing NEPA provide numerous techniques for preparing efficient and timely environmental......

    16. 78 FR 56718 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioanalytical Method Validation; Availability

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2013-09-13

      ...)) regulated by the Center for Veterinary Medicine. This guidance was originally issued in 2001. FDA is...), Center for Veterinary Medicine, Food and Drug Administration, 7519 Standish Pl., Rockville, MD 20855... John Kadavil, Center for Veterinary Medicine (HFV-151), Food and Drug Administration, 7500 Standish...

    17. 29 CFR 2509.08-1 - Supplemental guidance relating to fiduciary responsibility in considering economically targeted...

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-07-01

      ... bulletin modifies and supersedes the guidance set forth in interpretive bulletin 94-1 (29 CFR 2509.94-1... Department has issued a regulation, at 29 CFR 2550.404a-1, interpreting the prudence requirements of ERISA as... required to comply with, but is not necessarily limited to, the requirements set forth in 29 CFR...

    18. 29 CFR 2509.08-1 - Supplemental guidance relating to fiduciary responsibility in considering economically targeted...

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-07-01

      ... bulletin modifies and supersedes the guidance set forth in interpretive bulletin 94-1 (29 CFR 2509.94-1... Department has issued a regulation, at 29 CFR 2550.404a-1, interpreting the prudence requirements of ERISA as... required to comply with, but is not necessarily limited to, the requirements set forth in 29 CFR...

    19. 29 CFR 2509.08-1 - Supplemental guidance relating to fiduciary responsibility in considering economically targeted...

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-07-01

      ... bulletin modifies and supersedes the guidance set forth in interpretive bulletin 94-1 (29 CFR 2509.94-1... Department has issued a regulation, at 29 CFR 2550.404a-1, interpreting the prudence requirements of ERISA as... required to comply with, but is not necessarily limited to, the requirements set forth in 29 CFR...

    20. Using the Teaching and Guidance Policy Essentials Checklist to Build and Support Effective Early Childhood Systems

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Garrity, Sarah M.; Longstreth, Sascha L.; Salcedo-Potter, Nina S.; Staub, April

      2016-01-01

      The prevalence of preschool expulsion, coupled with racial disparities in expulsion rates and the potential long term negative effects of challenging behaviors in the early years, has created an urgent need to build early childhood systems to address these issues. The teaching and guidance policy essentials checklist (TAG-PEC) has been developed…

    1. 76 FR 60022 - Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program; Weight-of-Evidence Guidance Document; Notice of Availability

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-09-28

      ... the endocrine system. The combined results and information will also be used to identify which tests... issued November 4, 2010 (75 FR 67963) (FRL-8849-8). Initially the commenting period was for 60 days, but... AGENCY Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program; Weight-of-Evidence Guidance Document; Notice...

    2. Issues in sabotage vulnerability assessments

      SciTech Connect

      Edmunds, T.A.; Fortney, D.S.

      1993-07-01

      Recent changes in DOE policy have led to requirements and guidance for conducting more comprehensive, integrated assessments of the risks of radiological and toxicological sabotage. Under the new policy, sites are required to follow an eight step procedure for ranking targets, evaluating release scenarios, and selecting risk reduction options for sabotage events that have off-site or on-site consequences. In this paper, we highlight issues that must be addressed in performing the analysis and suggest some approaches for their resolution. We also outline automated approaches for ranking sabotage targets and for selection of system upgrades.

    3. 76 FR 43332 - Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff; Class II Special Controls Guidance...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-07-20

      ...; Class II Special Controls Guidance Document: Focused Ultrasound Stimulator System for Aesthetic Use... Guidance Document: Focused Ultrasound Stimulator System for Aesthetic Use.'' This guidance document describes a means by which focused ultrasound stimulator systems for aesthetic use may comply with...

    4. Coaching and guidance with patient decision aids: A review of theoretical and empirical evidence

      PubMed Central

      2013-01-01

      Background Coaching and guidance are structured approaches that can be used within or alongside patient decision aids (PtDAs) to facilitate the process of decision making. Coaching is provided by an individual, and guidance is embedded within the decision support materials. The purpose of this paper is to: a) present updated definitions of the concepts “coaching” and “guidance”; b) present an updated summary of current theoretical and empirical insights into the roles played by coaching/guidance in the context of PtDAs; and c) highlight emerging issues and research opportunities in this aspect of PtDA design. Methods We identified literature published since 2003 on shared decision making theoretical frameworks inclusive of coaching or guidance. We also conducted a sub-analysis of randomized controlled trials included in the 2011 Cochrane Collaboration Review of PtDAs with search results updated to December 2010. The sub-analysis was conducted on the characteristics of coaching and/or guidance included in any trial of PtDAs and trials that allowed the impact of coaching and/or guidance with PtDA to be compared to another intervention or usual care. Results Theoretical evidence continues to justify the use of coaching and/or guidance to better support patients in the process of thinking about a decision and in communicating their values/preferences with others. In 98 randomized controlled trials of PtDAs, 11 trials (11.2%) included coaching and 63 trials (64.3%) provided guidance. Compared to usual care, coaching provided alongside a PtDA improved knowledge and decreased mean costs. The impact on some other outcomes (e.g., participation in decision making, satisfaction, option chosen) was more variable, with some trials showing positive effects and other trials reporting no differences. For values-choice agreement, decisional conflict, adherence, and anxiety there were no differences between groups. None of these outcomes were worse when patients were exposed

    5. Travel guidance system for vehicles

      SciTech Connect

      Takanabe, K.; Yamamoto, M.; Ito, K.; Fujinami, H.

      1987-02-24

      A travel guidance system is described for vehicles including: a heading sensor for detecting a direction of movement of a vehicle; a distance sensor for detecting a distance traveled by the vehicle; a map data storage medium preliminarily storing map data; a control unit for receiving a heading signal from the heading sensor and a distance signal from the distance sensor to successively compute a present position of the vehicle and for generating video signals corresponding to display data including map data from the map data storage medium and data of the present position; and a display having first and second display portions and responsive to the video signals from the control unit to display on the first display portion a map and a present portion mark, in which: the map data storage medium comprises means for preliminarily storing administrative division name data and landmark data; and the control unit comprises: landmark display means for: (1) determining a landmark closest to the present position, (2) causing a position of the landmark to be displayed on the map and (3) retrieving a landmark massage concerning the landmark from the storage medium to cause the display to display the landmark message on the second display portion; division name display means for retrieving the name of an administrative division to which the present position belongs from the storage medium and causing the display to display a division name message on the second display portion; and selection means for selectively actuating at least one of the landmark display means and the division name display means.

    6. 7 CFR 1794.7 - Guidance.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-01-01

      ...)); RUS Bulletin 1794A-601 provides guidance in preparing the ER for proposed actions which require EAs... (§ 1794.22(b)) and EAs (§ 1794.23(b)). A copy of this bulletin is available upon request by contacting...

    7. 7 CFR 1794.7 - Guidance.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-01-01

      ...)); RUS Bulletin 1794A-601 provides guidance in preparing the ER for proposed actions which require EAs... (§ 1794.22(b)) and EAs (§ 1794.23(b)). A copy of this bulletin is available upon request by contacting...

    8. 7 CFR 1794.7 - Guidance.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-01-01

      ...)); RUS Bulletin 1794A-601 provides guidance in preparing the ER for proposed actions which require EAs... (§ 1794.22(b)) and EAs (§ 1794.23(b)). A copy of this bulletin is available upon request by contacting...

    9. 7 CFR 1794.7 - Guidance.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-01-01

      ...)); RUS Bulletin 1794A-601 provides guidance in preparing the ER for proposed actions which require EAs... (§ 1794.22(b)) and EAs (§ 1794.23(b)). A copy of this bulletin is available upon request by contacting...

    10. Delta launch vehicle inertial guidance system (DIGS)

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Duck, K. I.

      1973-01-01

      The Delta inertial guidance system, part of the Delta launch vehicle improvement effort, has been flown on three launches and was found to perform as expected for a variety of mission profiles and vehicle configurations.

    11. 21 CFR 316.50 - Guidance documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-04-01

      ... USE ORPHAN DRUGS Availability of Information § 316.50 Guidance documents. FDA's Office of Orphan... Federal Register. A request for a copy of the list should be directed to the Office of Orphan...

    12. 7 CFR 1794.7 - Guidance.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-01-01

      ... Analysis, Stop 1522, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC 20250-1522. (b) Water and waste program... appropriate State Director. State Directors may provide supplemental guidance to meet state and local laws...

    13. Environmental Issues are Controversial Issues.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Hepburn, Mary Allaire

      The extensive social-scientific interest and continuing relevance of environmental study assure its immediate and long-range importance in the social studies. But the crisis atmosphere surrounding this issue threatens a thoughtful, systematic approach to the subject, and poses the danger of a careless rush to activity. As social studies educators,…

    14. EPA guidance on improving the image of psychiatry.

      PubMed

      Möller-Leimkühler, A M; Möller, H-J; Maier, W; Gaebel, W; Falkai, P

      2016-03-01

      This paper explores causes, explanations and consequences of the negative image of psychiatry and develops recommendations for improvement. It is primarily based on a WPA guidance paper on how to combat the stigmatization of psychiatry and psychiatrists and a Medline search on related publications since 2010. Furthermore, focussing on potential causes and explanations, the authors performed a selective literature search regarding additional image-related issues such as mental health literacy and diagnostic and treatment issues. Underestimation of psychiatry results from both unjustified prejudices of the general public, mass media and healthcare professionals and psychiatry's own unfavourable coping with external and internal concerns. Issues related to unjustified devaluation of psychiatry include overestimation of coercion, associative stigma, lack of public knowledge, need to simplify complex mental issues, problem of the continuum between normality and psychopathology, competition with medical and non-medical disciplines and psychopharmacological treatment. Issues related to psychiatry's own contribution to being underestimated include lack of a clear professional identity, lack of biomarkers supporting clinical diagnoses, limited consensus about best treatment options, lack of collaboration with other medical disciplines and low recruitment rates among medical students. Recommendations are proposed for creating and representing a positive self-concept with different components. The negative image of psychiatry is not only due to unfavourable communication with the media, but is basically a problem of self-conceptualization. Much can be improved. However, psychiatry will remain a profession with an exceptional position among the medical disciplines, which should be seen as its specific strength. PMID:26874959

    15. Theoretical Issues

      SciTech Connect

      Marc Vanderhaeghen

      2007-04-01

      The theoretical issues in the interpretation of the precision measurements of the nucleon-to-Delta transition by means of electromagnetic probes are highlighted. The results of these measurements are confronted with the state-of-the-art calculations based on chiral effective-field theories (EFT), lattice QCD, large-Nc relations, perturbative QCD, and QCD-inspired models. The link of the nucleon-to-Delta form factors to generalized parton distributions (GPDs) is also discussed.

    16. Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) process, elements and techniques guidance

      SciTech Connect

      Not Available

      1993-12-01

      This manual provides detailed guidance on Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Studies (RI/FSs) conducted pursuant to the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) at Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. The purpose of the RI/FS, to assess the risk posed by a hazardous waste site and to determine the best way to reduce that risk, and its structure (site characterization, risk assessment, screening and detailed analysis of alternatives, etc.) is defined in the National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP) and further explained in the Environmental Protection Agency`s (EPA`s) Guidance for Conducting Remedial Investigations and Feasibility Studies Under CERCLA (Interim Final) 540/G-89/004, OSWER Directive 9355.3-01, October 1988. Though issued in 1988, the EPA guidance remains an excellent source of information on the conduct and structure of an RI/FS. This document makes use of supplemental RI/FS-related guidance that EPA has developed since its initial document was issued in 1988, incorporates practical lessons learned in more than 12 years of experience in CERCLA hazardous site remediation, and drawing on those lessons, introduces the Streamlined Approach For Environmental Restoration (SAFER), developed by DOE as a way to proceed quickly and efficiently through the RI/FS process at DOE facilities. Thus as its title implies, this guidance is intended to describe in detail the process and component elements of an RI/FS, as well as techniques to manage the RI/FS effectively.

    17. 77 FR 14403 - Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff; Class II Special Controls Guidance...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-03-09

      ...: Norovirus Serological Reagents.'' This guidance document describes a means by which norovirus serological... by following the recommendations in the guidance document or by some other means that...

    18. Soil screening guidance: User`s guide

      SciTech Connect

      1996-04-01

      The Soil Screening Guidance is a tool that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) developed to help standardize and accelerate the evaluation and cleanup of contaminated soils at sites on the National Priorities List (NPL) with future residential land use. This guidance provides a methodology for environmental science/engineering professionals to calculate risk-based, site-specific, soil screening levels (SSLs) for contaminants in soil that may be used to identify areas needing further investigation at NPL sites.

    19. Understanding the EPA guidance on major source determinations for military installations

      SciTech Connect

      Ling, A.D.

      1997-12-31

      In August 1996, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued the first ever Clean Air Act (CAA) guidance directed specifically at military facilities. The Guidance, titled Major Source Determinations for Military Installations under the Air Toxics, New Source Review and Title V Operating Permit Programs of the Clean Air Act, was negotiated by an EPA/DoD workgroup that included field and headquarters EPA and DoD representatives, and was led by the Navy. This paper describes the development and contents of the guidance and the significant legal and policy issues raised. By statute and rule, all sources under common control on contiguous or adjacent property and belonging to the same two digit Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Code must be aggregated when determining if the source is a major source. DoD requested that EPA develop the guidance because of a move by EPA to impose a fenceline-to-fenceline interpretation of what constitutes a major source for purposes of the three programs identified above. Such an interpretation could and did result in more stringent regulation of industrial sources on military installations than of similar industrial plants. The guidance establishes EPA`s allowable interpretation of two of the three key elements of the major source definition. First, the guidance specifies that common control occurs at the military service level; therefore, sources belonging to the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, the National Guard or a Defense Agency that are located on the same installation could each be treated separately. Second, the guidance allows the military to assign SIC codes to functional industrial groupings in a manner similar to the private sector. Past practice grouped all national defense activities under the same SIC code.

    20. Advanced alarm systems: Display and processing issues

      SciTech Connect

      O`Hara, J.M.; Wachtel, J.; Perensky, J.

      1995-05-01

      This paper describes a research program sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission to address the human factors engineering (HFE) deficiencies associated with nuclear power plant alarm systems. The overall objective of the study is to develop HFE review guidance for alarm systems. In support of this objective, human performance issues needing additional research were identified. Among the important issues were alarm processing strategies and alarm display techniques. This paper will discuss these issues and briefly describe our current research plan to address them.

    1. 77 FR 15818 - License Renewal Interim Staff Guidance LR-ISG-2011-05: Ongoing Review of Operating Experience

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-03-16

      ...The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is issuing the final License Renewal Interim Staff Guidance (LR-ISG), LR-ISG-2011-05, ``Ongoing Review of Operating Experience.'' This LR-ISG provides guidance and clarification concerning ongoing reviews of plant-specific and industry-wide operating experience as an attribute of aging management programs used at nuclear power plants as described in......

    2. 76 FR 17160 - Office of New Reactors; Final Interim Staff Guidance on the Review of Nuclear Power Plant Designs...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-03-28

      ...The NRC staff is issuing its Final Interim Staff Guidance (ISG) DC/COL-ISG-021 titled ``Interim Staff Guidance on the Review of Nuclear Power Plant Designs Using a Gas Turbine Driven Standby Emergency Alternating Current Power System,'' Agencywide Documents Access and Management System (ADAMS) Accession No. ML102510119 for DC/ COL-ISG-021 and ADAMS Accession No. ML102510164 for Attachment 1 to......

    3. DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING GUIDANCE FOR SAFETY EVALUATIONS OF ADVANCED REACTORS.

      SciTech Connect

      O'HARA, J.; PERSENSKY, J.; SZABO, A.

      2006-10-01

      Advanced reactors are expected to be based on a concept of operations that is different from what is currently used in today's reactors. Therefore, regulatory staff may need new tools, developed from the best available technical bases, to support licensing evaluations. The areas in which new review guidance may be needed and the efforts underway to address the needs will be discussed. Our preliminary results focus on some of the technical issues to be addressed in three areas for which new guidance may be developed: automation and control, operations under degraded conditions, and new human factors engineering methods and tools.

    4. Cone beam CT guidance provides superior accuracy for complex needle paths compared with CT guidance

      PubMed Central

      Braak, S J; Fütterer, J J; van Strijen, M J L; Hoogeveen, Y L; de Lange, F; Schultze Kool, L J

      2013-01-01

      Objective: To determine the accuracy of cone beam CT (CBCT) guidance and CT guidance in reaching small targets in relation to needle path complexity in a phantom. Methods: CBCT guidance combines three-dimensional CBCT imaging with fluoroscopy overlay and needle planning software to provide real-time needle guidance. The accuracy of needle positioning, quantified as deviation from a target, was assessed for inplane, angulated and double angulated needle paths. Four interventional radiologists reached four targets along the three paths using CBCT and CT guidance. Accuracies were compared between CBCT and CT for each needle path and between the three approaches within both modalities. The effect of user experience in CBCT guidance was also assessed. Results: Accuracies for CBCT were significantly better than CT for the double angulated needle path (2.2 vs 6.7 mm, p<0.001) for all radiologists. CBCT guidance showed no significant differences between the three approaches. For CT, deviations increased with increasing needle path complexity from 3.3 mm for the inplane placements to 4.4 mm (p=0.007) and 6.7 mm (p<0.001) for the angulated and double angulated CT-guided needle placements, respectively. For double angulated needle paths, experienced CBCT users showed consistently higher accuracies than trained users [1.8 mm (range 1.2–2.2) vs 3.3 mm (range 2.1–7.2) deviation from target, respectively; p=0.003]. Conclusion: In terms of accuracy, CBCT is the preferred modality, irrespective of the level of user experience, for more difficult guidance procedures requiring double angulated needle paths as in oncological interventions. Advances in knowledge: Accuracy of CBCT guidance has not been discussed before. CBCT guidance allows accurate needle placement irrespective of needle path complexity. For angulated and double-angulated needle paths, CBCT is more accurate than CT guidance. PMID:23913308

    5. Constituent Aspects of Workplace Guidance in Secondary VET

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Swager, Robert; Klarus, Ruud; van Merriënboer, Jeroen J. G.; Nieuwenhuis, Loek F. M.

      2015-01-01

      Purpose: This paper aims to present an integrated model of workplace guidance to enhance awareness of what constitutes good guidance, to improve workplace guidance practices in vocational education and training. Design/methodology/approach: To identify constituent aspects of workplace guidance, a systematic search of Web of Science was conducted,…

    6. Earlier Guidance Opportunities: Priorities for the 1970's.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Nemec, William E., Ed.

      "Earlier Guidance Opportunities (EGO): Priorities for the 1970's" was the topic for this Ohio Elementary Guidance Conference. In his keynote address entitled "New Perspectives on the Guidance of Younger Children - Can We Afford to Delay Vocational Guidance?" Dr. George E. Hill used EGO to say, "Education Gives Opportunity,""Ego's Grow on…

    7. Launch flexibility using NLP guidance and remote wind sensing

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Cramer, Evin J.; Bradt, Jerre E.; Hardtla, John W.

      1990-01-01

      This paper examines the use of lidar wind measurements in the implementation of a guidance strategy for a nonlinear programming (NLP) launch guidance algorithm. The NLP algorithm uses B-spline command function representation for flexibility in the design of the guidance steering commands. Using this algorithm, the guidance system solves a two-point boundary value problem at each guidance update. The specification of different boundary value problems at each guidance update provides flexibility that can be used in the design of the guidance strategy. The algorithm can use lidar wind measurements for on pad guidance retargeting and for load limiting guidance steering commands. Examples presented in the paper use simulated wind updates to correct wind induced final orbit errors and to adjust the guidance steering commands to limit the product of the dynamic pressure and angle-of-attack for launch vehicle load alleviation.

    8. 78 FR 37231 - Guidance for Industry; Guidance on Abbreviated New Drug Applications: Stability Testing of Drug...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2013-06-20

      ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or Agency) is announcing the availability of a guidance entitled ``ANDAs: Stability Testing of Drug Substances and Products.'' FDA is recommending generic drug manufacturers follow the stability testing recommendations in the International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH) guidances Q1A (R2) through Q1E. The use of these ICH recommendations will......

    9. Raising the Profile of Career Guidance: Educational and Vocational Guidance Practitioner

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Hiebert, Bryan

      2009-01-01

      In 2007 the International Association for Educational and Vocational Guidance (IAEVG) launched the Educational and Vocational Guidance Practitioner credential (EVGP) as one means of formally acknowledging the knowledge, skills, and personal attributes that practitioners need in order to provide quality career development services to clients. This…

    10. FACILITATING LEARNING AND INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT, TOWARD A THEORY FOR ELEMENTARY GUIDANCE. MINNESOTA GUIDANCE SERIES.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      GRAMS, ARMIN

      A THEORY UPON WHICH ELEMENTARY GUIDANCE PROGRAMS CAN BE SOUNDLY DESIGNED IS PRESENTED. A MAJOR THEME IS THAT PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING OR GOOD ADJUSTMENT IS RELATED TO LEARNED, INDIVIDUAL COMPETENCIES SUCH AS COMMUNICATION AND INTERACTION IN DEPTH WITH OTHERS. THE APPROPRIATE CONCERN OF GUIDANCE THEN BECOMES TO FOSTER THESE COMPETENCIES, THUS…

    11. Radiation Protection Guidance for Diagnostic and Interventional X-Ray Procedures; Federal Guidance Report No. 14

      EPA Science Inventory

      Federal Guidance Report No. 14 provides federal facilities that use diagnostic and interventional x-ray equipment with updated recommendations for keeping doses as low as reasonably achievable without compromising the quality of patient care, This guidance is an update of Federal...

    12. Pipeline issues

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Eisley, Joe T.

      1990-01-01

      The declining pool of graduates, the lack of rigorous preparation in science and mathematics, and the declining interest in science and engineering careers at the precollege level promises a shortage of technically educated personnel at the college level for industry, government, and the universities in the next several decades. The educational process, which starts out with a large number of students at the elementary level, but with an ever smaller number preparing for science and engineering at each more advanced educational level, is in a state of crisis. These pipeline issues, so called because the educational process is likened to a series of ever smaller constrictions in a pipe, were examined in a workshop at the Space Grant Conference and a summary of the presentations and the results of the discussion, and the conclusions of the workshop participants are reported.

    13. Guidance and control, 1993; Annual Rocky Mountain Guidance and Control Conference, 16th, Keystone, CO, Feb. 6-10, 1993

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Culp, Robert D. (Editor); Bickley, George (Editor)

      1993-01-01

      Papers from the sixteenth annual American Astronautical Society Rocky Mountain Guidance and Control Conference are presented. The topics covered include the following: advances in guidance, navigation, and control; control system videos; guidance, navigation and control embedded flight control systems; recent experiences; guidance and control storyboard displays; and applications of modern control, featuring the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) performance enhancement study.

    14. Measuring Integrated Socioemotional Guidance at School: Factor Structure and Reliability of the Socioemotional Guidance Questionnaire (SEG-Q)

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Jacobs, Karen; Struyf, Elke

      2013-01-01

      Socioemotional guidance of students has recently become an integral part of education, however no instrument exists to measure integrated socioemotional guidance. This study therefore examines the factor structure and reliability of the Socioemotional Guidance Questionnaire. Psychometric properties of the Socioemotional Guidance Questionnaire and…

    15. Safety of magnetic fusion facilities: Guidance

      SciTech Connect

      1996-05-01

      This document provides guidance for the implementation of the requirements identified in DOE-STD-6002-96, Safety of Magnetic Fusion Facilities: Requirements. This guidance is intended for the managers, designers, operators, and other personnel with safety responsibilities for facilities designated as magnetic fusion facilities. While the requirements in DOE-STD-6002-96 are generally applicable to a wide range of fusion facilities, this Standard, DOE-STD-6003-96, is concerned mainly with the implementation of those requirements in large facilities such as the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). Using a risk-based prioritization, the concepts presented here may also be applied to other magnetic fusion facilities. This Standard is oriented toward regulation in the Department of Energy (DOE) environment as opposed to regulation by other regulatory agencies. As the need for guidance involving other types of fusion facilities or other regulatory environments emerges, additional guidance volumes should be prepared. The concepts, processes, and recommendations set forth here are for guidance only. They will contribute to safety at magnetic fusion facilities.

    16. Fine Guidance Sensing for Coronagraphic Observatories

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Brugarolas, Paul; Alexander, James W.; Trauger, John T.; Moody, Dwight C.

      2011-01-01

      Three options have been developed for Fine Guidance Sensing (FGS) for coronagraphic observatories using a Fine Guidance Camera within a coronagraphic instrument. Coronagraphic observatories require very fine precision pointing in order to image faint objects at very small distances from a target star. The Fine Guidance Camera measures the direction to the target star. The first option, referred to as Spot, was to collect all of the light reflected from a coronagraph occulter onto a focal plane, producing an Airy-type point spread function (PSF). This would allow almost all of the starlight from the central star to be used for centroiding. The second approach, referred to as Punctured Disk, collects the light that bypasses a central obscuration, producing a PSF with a punctured central disk. The final approach, referred to as Lyot, collects light after passing through the occulter at the Lyot stop. The study includes generation of representative images for each option by the science team, followed by an engineering evaluation of a centroiding or a photometric algorithm for each option. After the alignment of the coronagraph to the fine guidance system, a "nulling" point on the FGS focal point is determined by calibration. This alignment is implemented by a fine alignment mechanism that is part of the fine guidance camera selection mirror. If the star images meet the modeling assumptions, and the star "centroid" can be driven to that nulling point, the contrast for the coronagraph will be maximized.

    17. Method for continuous guidance of endoscopy

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Merritt, Scott A.; Rai, Lav; Gibbs, Jason D.; Yu, Kun-Chang; Higgins, William E.

      2007-03-01

      Previous research has indicated that use of guidance systems during endoscopy can improve the performance and decrease the skill variation of physicians. Current guidance systems, however, rely on computationally intensive registration techniques or costly and error-prone electromagnetic (E/M) registration techniques, neither of which fit seamlessly into the clinical workflow. We have previously proposed a real-time image-based registration technique that addresses both of these problems. We now propose a system-level approach that incorporates this technique into a complete paradigm for real-time image-based guidance in order to provide a physician with continuously-updated navigational and guidance information. At the core of the system is a novel strategy for guidance of endoscopy. Additional elements such as global surface rendering, local cross-sectional views, and pertinent distances are also incorporated into the system to provide additional utility to the physician. Phantom results were generated using bronchoscopy performed on a rapid prototype model of a human tracheobronchial airway tree. The system has also been tested in ongoing live human tests. Thus far, ten such tests, focused on bronchoscopic intervention of pulmonary patients, have been run successfully.

    18. Constrained reconstructions for 4D intervention guidance

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Kuntz, J.; Flach, B.; Kueres, R.; Semmler, W.; Kachelrieß, M.; Bartling, S.

      2013-05-01

      Image-guided interventions are an increasingly important part of clinical minimally invasive procedures. However, up to now they cannot be performed under 4D (3D + time) guidance due to the exceedingly high x-ray dose. In this work we investigate the applicability of compressed sensing reconstructions for highly undersampled CT datasets combined with the incorporation of prior images in order to yield low dose 4D intervention guidance. We present a new reconstruction scheme prior image dynamic interventional CT (PrIDICT) that accounts for specific image features in intervention guidance and compare it to PICCS and ASD-POCS. The optimal parameters for the dose per projection and the numbers of projections per reconstruction are determined in phantom simulations and measurements. In vivo experiments in six pigs are performed in a cone-beam CT; measured doses are compared to current gold-standard intervention guidance represented by a clinical fluoroscopy system. Phantom studies show maximum image quality for identical overall doses in the range of 14 to 21 projections per reconstruction. In vivo studies reveal that interventional materials can be followed in 4D visualization and that PrIDICT, compared to PICCS and ASD-POCS, shows superior reconstruction results and fewer artifacts in the periphery with dose in the order of biplane fluoroscopy. These results suggest that 4D intervention guidance can be realized with today’s flat detector and gantry systems using the herein presented reconstruction scheme.

    19. NASA LaRC Workshop on Guidance, Navigation, Controls, and Dynamics for Atmospheric Flight, 1993

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Buttrill, Carey S. (Editor)

      1993-01-01

      This publication is a collection of materials presented at a NASA workshop on guidance, navigation, controls, and dynamics (GNC&D) for atmospheric flight. The workshop was held at the NASA Langley Research Center on March 18-19, 1993. The workshop presentations describe the status of current research in the GNC&D area at Langley over a broad spectrum of research branches. The workshop was organized in eight sessions: overviews, general, controls, military aircraft, dynamics, guidance, systems, and a panel discussion. A highlight of the workshop was the panel discussion which addressed the following issue: 'Direction of guidance, navigation, and controls research to ensure U.S. competitiveness and leadership in aerospace technologies.'

    20. HUMAN FACTORS GUIDANCE FOR CONTROL ROOM EVALUATION

      SciTech Connect

      OHARA,J.; BROWN,W.; STUBLER,W.; HIGGINS,J.; WACHTEL,J.; PERSENSKY,J.J.

      2000-07-30

      The Human-System Interface Design Review Guideline (NUREG-0700, Revision 1) was developed by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to provide human factors guidance as a basis for the review of advanced human-system interface technologies. The guidance consists of three components: design review procedures, human factors engineering guidelines, and a software application to provide design review support called the ``Design Review Guideline.'' Since it was published in June 1996, Rev. 1 to NUREG-0700 has been used successfully by NRC staff, contractors and nuclear industry organizations, as well as by interested organizations outside the nuclear industry. The NRC has committed to the periodic update and improvement of the guidance to ensure that it remains a state-of-the-art design evaluation tool in the face of emerging and rapidly changing technology. This paper addresses the current research to update of NUREG-0700 based on the substantial work that has taken place since the publication of Revision 1.

    1. VTOL shipboard letdown guidance system analysis

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Phatak, A. V.; Karmali, M. S.

      1983-01-01

      Alternative letdown guidance strategies are examined for landing of a VTOL aircraft onboard a small aviation ship under adverse environmental conditions. Off line computer simulation of shipboard landing task is utilized for assessing the relative merits of the proposed guidance schemes. The touchdown performance of a nominal constant rate of descent (CROD) letdown strategy serves as a benchmark for ranking the performance of the alternative letdown schemes. Analysis of ship motion time histories indicates the existence of an alternating sequence of quiescent and rough motions called lulls and swells. A real time algorithms lull/swell classification based upon ship motion pattern features is developed. The classification algorithm is used to command a go/no go signal to indicate the initiation and termination of an acceptable landing window. Simulation results show that such a go/no go pattern based letdown guidance strategy improves touchdown performance.

    2. Human Genetic Disorders of Axon Guidance

      PubMed Central

      Engle, Elizabeth C.

      2010-01-01

      This article reviews symptoms and signs of aberrant axon connectivity in humans, and summarizes major human genetic disorders that result, or have been proposed to result, from defective axon guidance. These include corpus callosum agenesis, L1 syndrome, Joubert syndrome and related disorders, horizontal gaze palsy with progressive scoliosis, Kallmann syndrome, albinism, congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles type 1, Duane retraction syndrome, and pontine tegmental cap dysplasia. Genes mutated in these disorders can encode axon growth cone ligands and receptors, downstream signaling molecules, and axon transport motors, as well as proteins without currently recognized roles in axon guidance. Advances in neuroimaging and genetic techniques have the potential to rapidly expand this field, and it is feasible that axon guidance disorders will soon be recognized as a new and significant category of human neurodevelopmental disorders. PMID:20300212

    3. Vision-based aircraft guidance

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Menon, P. K.

      1993-01-01

      Early research on the development of machine vision algorithms to serve as pilot aids in aircraft flight operations is discussed. The research is useful for synthesizing new cockpit instrumentation that can enhance flight safety and efficiency. With the present work as the basis, future research will produce low-cost instrument by integrating a conventional TV camera together with off-the=shelf digitizing hardware for flight test verification. Initial focus of the research will be on developing pilot aids for clear-night operations. Latter part of the research will examine synthetic vision issues for poor visibility flight operations. Both research efforts will contribute towards the high-speed civil transport aircraft program. It is anticipated that the research reported here will also produce pilot aids for conducting helicopter flight operations during emergency search and rescue. The primary emphasis of the present research effort is on near-term, flight demonstrable technologies. This report discusses pilot aids for night landing and takeoff and synthetic vision as an aid to low visibility landing.

    4. [Guidance for education on medicines in school].

      PubMed

      Kito, Hideaki

      2013-01-01

      To promote the education on medicines in school, guidance is, as a rule, to be given in the health education of the Subject, "Health and Physical Education" indicated as a curriculum standard in lower and upper secondary school, and in the health guidance, which carry out in Special Activities and Integrated Studies, etc. Guidance is mainly carried by the teacher for health and physical in health education and school nurse teacher (yogo teacher) in health guidance. In health education we have only limited school hours, and generally use the text book. Some teachers feel resistance to teach medicines because of needs on the special knowledge, however teachers should deal with medicines based on curriculum standard. School pharmacist is a member of school, and has a special knowledge for medicines, and he/she can support teachers as a provider of teaching materials, an adviser, and for a guest teacher. It is important for school pharmacist to understand the contents indicated in curriculum standard and to use glossary to be able to understand for children. In the guidance of health, it is not necessary to teach based on curriculum standard, and it can deal with advanced contents on medicines. However it is important to understand for children what are appropriate contents according to the development stage. To use the packages and instructions for medicines provided at home are good materials for children to have interest the medicines in their guidance. The objectives of education on medicines enable children to cultivate practical abilities for the maintenance and improvement of health. PMID:24292178

    5. Overcoming consumer inertia to dietary guidance.

      PubMed

      Webb, Densie; Byrd-Bredbenner, Carol

      2015-07-01

      Despite 35 y of dietary guidance, there has been no substantial shift in consumer compliance. Consumers report that they seek information on nutrition and healthy eating, but most are not paying attention to dietary recommendations. For guidance to be effective, it must be realistic. Even with increasingly detailed nutrition information and evidence that diet affects health outcomes, convenience and taste remain the strongest determinants of food choices. It is up to health educators to clear up confusion and give consumers control with nutrition messages that are realistic, positive, easy to understand, and actionable without an expectation that consumers will surrender foods they love. PMID:26178023

    6. Development of mining guidance and control systems

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      1979-01-01

      New fundamental interface sensor concepts were identified and investigated including tabulation of the physical and performance characteristics of two new interface detector concepts: - natural background radiation and magnetic spin resonance. Studies of guidance and control techniques for the longwall miner identified three basic systems for use in automated/remote controlled longwall mining. The following projects were initiated: system study which will more completely define the longwall guidance and control system design concepts; integration of the various control functions (vertical, yaw, and roll); and hardware technical requirements.

    7. Virtual Ultrasound Guidance for Inexperienced Operators

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Caine, Timothy; Martin, David

      2012-01-01

      Medical ultrasound or echocardiographic studies are highly operator-dependent and generally require lengthy training and internship to perfect. To obtain quality echocardiographic images in remote environments, such as on-orbit, remote guidance of studies has been employed. This technique involves minimal training for the user, coupled with remote guidance from an expert. When real-time communication or expert guidance is not available, a more autonomous system of guiding an inexperienced operator through an ultrasound study is needed. One example would be missions beyond low Earth orbit in which the time delay inherent with communication will make remote guidance impractical. The Virtual Ultrasound Guidance system is a combination of hardware and software. The hardware portion includes, but is not limited to, video glasses that allow hands-free, full-screen viewing. The glasses also allow the operator a substantial field of view below the glasses to view and operate the ultrasound system. The software is a comprehensive video program designed to guide an inexperienced operator through a detailed ultrasound or echocardiographic study without extensive training or guidance from the ground. The program contains a detailed description using video and audio to demonstrate equipment controls, ergonomics of scanning, study protocol, and scanning guidance, including recovery from sub-optimal images. The components used in the initial validation of the system include an Apple iPod Classic third-generation as the video source, and Myvue video glasses. Initially, the program prompts the operator to power-up the ultrasound and position the patient. The operator would put on the video glasses and attach them to the video source. After turning on both devices and the ultrasound system, the audio-video guidance would then instruct on patient positioning and scanning techniques. A detailed scanning protocol follows with descriptions and reference video of each view along with

    8. Overcoming Consumer Inertia to Dietary Guidance12

      PubMed Central

      Webb, Densie; Byrd-Bredbenner, Carol

      2015-01-01

      Despite 35 y of dietary guidance, there has been no substantial shift in consumer compliance. Consumers report that they seek information on nutrition and healthy eating, but most are not paying attention to dietary recommendations. For guidance to be effective, it must be realistic. Even with increasingly detailed nutrition information and evidence that diet affects health outcomes, convenience and taste remain the strongest determinants of food choices. It is up to health educators to clear up confusion and give consumers control with nutrition messages that are realistic, positive, easy to understand, and actionable without an expectation that consumers will surrender foods they love. PMID:26178023

    9. Ship motion pattern directed VTOL letdown guidance

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Phatak, A. V.; Karmali, M. S.; Paulk, C. H., Jr.

      1983-01-01

      This paper examines ship motion pattern directed letdown guidance strategies for landing a VTOL aircraft onboard a small aviation ship under adverse environmental conditions. Off-line computer simulation of the shipboard landing task is utilized for assessing the relative merits of the proposed guidance schemes. A sum of seventy sinusoids representation is used to model the ship motion time histories. The touchdown performance of a nonimal constant-rate-of-descent (CROD) letdown strategy serves as a benchmark for ranking the performance of the alternative letdown schemes.

    10. Aeroassist flight experiment guidance, navigation and control

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Brand, Timothy J.; Engel, Albert G.

      1986-01-01

      The Aeroassist Flight Experiment scheduled for the early 1990's will demonstrate the use of a low L/D lifting brake using aerodynamic drag to return a spacecraft from a high energy to a low earth orbit. The experimental vehicle will be deployed and retrieved by the Shuttle Orbiter. This paper reviews some of the challenges, problems, and solutions encountered to date during guidance system development, with emphasis on technology advances which will benefit an operational Orbit Transfer Vehicle (OTV). Key factors to be discussed include guidance alternatives, aerodynamic modeling, navigation requirements, the impact of atmospheric uncertainties, and flight profile alternatives considered during initial planning.

    11. CNES Approaching Guidance Experiment within FFIORD

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Berges, Jean-Claude; Cayeux, Philippe; Gaudel-Vacaresse, Angelique; Meyssignac, Benoit

      2007-01-01

      This article outlines the relative orbit control (guidance algorithm and its preliminary performance tests evaluation) that will be tested by the CNES Team on FFIORD (Formation Flying In Orbit Ranging Demonstration) onboard PRISMA mission. After a brief summary of the PRISMA mission context, the paper provides a full description of the rendezvous function involved in the approaching guidance experiment. This FFIORD onboard function is detailed in terms of on-board algorithmic method (basic algorithm and enhanced alternative), sensibility analysis used to construct maneuver plans and preliminary tests results.

    12. POTW sludge sampling and analysis guidance document

      SciTech Connect

      Not Available

      1989-08-01

      In view of the variability of municipal sludge quality, appropriate procedures must be followed to collect and analyze samples that accurately represent each POTW's sludge quality. The manual was developed to provide that guidance to POTW operators, engineers, managers, chemists and permit writers. It was intended to provide guidance in developing and implementing a sampling and analysis program, to gather information on sludge quality and determine compliance with permit conditions. The manual is based on current, state-of-the-art field and laboratory practices and therefore is recommended for all sludge sampling and analysis programs.

    13. Aerospace plane guidance using geometric control theory

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Van Buren, Mark A.; Mease, Kenneth D.

      1990-01-01

      A reduced-order method employing decomposition, based on time-scale separation, of the 4-D state space in a 2-D slow manifold and a family of 2-D fast manifolds is shown to provide an excellent approximation to the full-order minimum-fuel ascent trajectory. Near-optimal guidance is obtained by tracking the reduced-order trajectory. The tracking problem is solved as regulation problems on the family of fast manifolds, using the exact linearization methodology from nonlinear geometric control theory. The validity of the overall guidance approach is indicated by simulation.

    14. Ascent guidance algorithm using lidar wind measurements

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Cramer, Evin J.; Bradt, Jerre E.; Hardtla, John W.

      1990-01-01

      The formulation of a general nonlinear programming guidance algorithm that incorporates wind measurements in the computation of ascent guidance steering commands is discussed. A nonlinear programming (NLP) algorithm that is designed to solve a very general problem has the potential to address the diversity demanded by future launch systems. Using B-splines for the command functional form allows the NLP algorithm to adjust the shape of the command profile to achieve optimal performance. The algorithm flexibility is demonstrated by simulation of ascent with dynamic loading constraints through a set of random wind profiles with and without wind sensing capability.

    15. Putting the t in tools: a roadmap for implementation of new global and regional transgender guidance.

      PubMed

      Wolf, R Cameron; Adams, Darrin; Dayton, Robyn; Verster, Annette; Wong, Joe; Romero, Marcela; Mazin, Rafael; Settle, Edmund; Sladden, Tim; Keatley, JoAnne

      2016-01-01

      Transgender (trans) activists and global health partners have collaborated to develop new tools and guidance for assessing and addressing HIV and other health needs within trans populations. Trans women experience a heavy burden of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), high incidence of violence and difficulties accessing gender-affirming services. At the same time, little has been published on trans men's health, HIV issues, needs and experiences. Young trans people are especially marginalized and vulnerable, with few programmes and services specifically tailored to their needs. Trans-specific data and guidance are needed to adapt the global response to HIV to meet the needs of the trans population. While the needs of this group have only recently received attention, global, regional and other technical guidance documents are being developed to address these gaps. Regional blueprints for comprehensive care for trans people in Latin America, the Caribbean, and Asia and the Pacific are now available. These tools - supported by the Pan American Health Organization, World Health Organization, US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief and the United Nations Development Programme, in collaboration with regional trans groups - provide a contextual map, indicating opportunities for interventions in health, HIV, violence, stigma and discrimination, social protection and human rights. Global guidance includes the World Health Organization's Policy Brief: Transgender People and HIV, and the interagency publication, Implementing Comprehensive HIV and STI Programmes with Transgender People. Community empowerment and capacity building are the focus of the new tools for global and regional transgender guidance. The goal is to strengthen and ensure community-led responses to the HIV challenge in trans populations. This article describes the new tools and guidance and considers the steps needed to use them to appropriately support and engage transgender

    16. Putting the t in tools: a roadmap for implementation of new global and regional transgender guidance

      PubMed Central

      Wolf, R Cameron; Adams, Darrin; Dayton, Robyn; Verster, Annette; Wong, Joe; Romero, Marcela; Mazin, Rafael; Settle, Edmund; Sladden, Tim; Keatley, JoAnne

      2016-01-01

      Transgender (trans) activists and global health partners have collaborated to develop new tools and guidance for assessing and addressing HIV and other health needs within trans populations. Trans women experience a heavy burden of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), high incidence of violence and difficulties accessing gender-affirming services. At the same time, little has been published on trans men's health, HIV issues, needs and experiences. Young trans people are especially marginalized and vulnerable, with few programmes and services specifically tailored to their needs. Trans-specific data and guidance are needed to adapt the global response to HIV to meet the needs of the trans population. While the needs of this group have only recently received attention, global, regional and other technical guidance documents are being developed to address these gaps. Regional blueprints for comprehensive care for trans people in Latin America, the Caribbean, and Asia and the Pacific are now available. These tools – supported by the Pan American Health Organization, World Health Organization, US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief and the United Nations Development Programme, in collaboration with regional trans groups – provide a contextual map, indicating opportunities for interventions in health, HIV, violence, stigma and discrimination, social protection and human rights. Global guidance includes the World Health Organization's Policy Brief: Transgender People and HIV, and the interagency publication, Implementing Comprehensive HIV and STI Programmes with Transgender People. Community empowerment and capacity building are the focus of the new tools for global and regional transgender guidance. The goal is to strengthen and ensure community-led responses to the HIV challenge in trans populations. This article describes the new tools and guidance and considers the steps needed to use them to appropriately support and engage transgender

    17. Integration of existing systematic reviews into new reviews: identification of guidance needs

      PubMed Central

      2014-01-01

      Background An exponential increase in the number of systematic reviews published, and constrained resources for new reviews, means that there is an urgent need for guidance on explicitly and transparently integrating existing reviews into new systematic reviews. The objectives of this paper are: 1) to identify areas where existing guidance may be adopted or adapted, and 2) to suggest areas for future guidance development. Methods We searched documents and websites from healthcare focused systematic review organizations to identify and, where available, to summarize relevant guidance on the use of existing systematic reviews. We conducted informational interviews with members of Evidence-based Practice Centers (EPCs) to gather experiences in integrating existing systematic reviews, including common issues and challenges, as well as potential solutions. Results There was consensus among systematic review organizations and the EPCs about some aspects of incorporating existing systematic reviews into new reviews. Current guidance may be used in assessing the relevance of prior reviews and in scanning references of prior reviews to identify studies for a new review. However, areas of challenge remain. Areas in need of guidance include how to synthesize, grade the strength of, and present bodies of evidence composed of primary studies and existing systematic reviews. For instance, empiric evidence is needed regarding how to quality check data abstraction and when and how to use study-level risk of bias assessments from prior reviews. Conclusions There remain areas of uncertainty for how to integrate existing systematic reviews into new reviews. Methods research and consensus processes among systematic review organizations are needed to develop guidance to address these challenges. PMID:24956937

    18. Comparison of optical modeling and neural networks for robot guidance

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Parasnis, Sameer; Velidandla, Sasanka; Hall, Ernest L.; Anand, Sam

      1998-10-01

      A truly autonomous robot must sense its environment and react appropriately. These issues attain greater importance in an outdoor, variable environment. Previous mobile robot perception systems have relied on hand-coded algorithms for processing sensor information. Recent techniques involve the use of artificial neural networks to process sensor data for mobile robot guidance. A comparison of a fuzzy logic control for an AGV and a neural network perception is described in this work. A mobile robot test bed has been constructed using a golf cart base. The test bed has a fuzzy logic controller which uses both vision and obstacle information and provides the steering and speed controls to the robot. A feed-forward neural network is described to guide the robot using vision and range data. Suitable criteria for comparison will be formulated and the hand-coded system compared with a connectionist model. A comparison of the two systems, with performance, efficiency and reliability as the criteria, will be achieved. The significance of this work is that it provides comparative tradeoffs on two important robot guidance methods.

    19. Auditory guidance in a smoke-filled tunnel.

      PubMed

      Boer, L C; Withington, D J

      2004-08-15

      As a test on auditory guidance, participants tried to find refuge and safety in a road tunnel in dense smoke with sound beacons over the escape exits. The beacons emitted a 'shhussing' noise with a 5-Hz pulse frequency. Three groups participated, 32 or 33 participants per group, the first with minimal instruction (sound not mentioned), the second with beacons instruction 'sound beacons help you to orient', and the third with full instruction 'sound beacons over the escape exits'. The percentage of participants finding an escape exit was 16, 21, and 70%, respectively. While the potential of auditory guidance is amply demonstrated, there is the possibility that improvement in the recognition of the sound could improve escape exit usage further. It is recommended to include in the sound of the beacon the speech fragment 'exit here'. This will probably eliminate the need for instruction. If, in the future, the beacons are used broadly (in buildings, on ships and planes), the recognition issue should diminish. PMID:15370868

    20. Visual-conformal display format for helicopter guidance

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Doehler, H.-U.; Schmerwitz, Sven; Lueken, Thomas

      2014-06-01

      Helicopter guidance in situations where natural vision is reduced is still a challenging task. Beside new available sensors, which are able to "see" through darkness, fog and dust, display technology remains one of the key issues of pilot assistance systems. As long as we have pilots within aircraft cockpits, we have to keep them informed about the outside situation. "Situational awareness" of humans is mainly powered by their visual channel. Therefore, display systems which are able to cross-fade seamless from natural vision to artificial computer vision and vice versa, are of greatest interest within this context. Helmet-mounted displays (HMD) have this property when they apply a head-tracker for measuring the pilot's head orientation relative to the aircraft reference frame. Together with the aircraft's position and orientation relative to the world's reference frame, the on-board graphics computer can generate images which are perfectly aligned with the outside world. We call image elements which match the outside world, "visual-conformal". Published display formats for helicopter guidance in degraded visual environment apply mostly 2D-symbologies which stay far behind from what is possible. We propose a perspective 3D-symbology for a head-tracked HMD which shows as much as possible visual-conformal elements. We implemented and tested our proposal within our fixed based cockpit simulator as well as in our flying helicopter simulator (FHS). Recently conducted simulation trials with experienced helicopter pilots give some first evaluation results of our proposal.

    1. Connecting with guidance counselors to enhance recruitment into nursing of minority teens.

      PubMed

      Campbell-Heider, Nancy; Sackett, Kay; Whistler, M Patricia

      2008-01-01

      The purpose of this article was to describe the design, implementation, and outcomes of one strategy used to promote careers in nursing among minority high-school-aged teens-namely, a workshop for guidance counselors in a large urban school system. All guidance counselors in an urban inner city school system were invited to attend a workshop on careers in nursing as part of their monthly continuing education requirements. Thirty-nine (39%) participated in the half-day workshop held at a school of nursing. Most informative were the guidance counselor comments about perceptions of nursing careers that create barriers to recruitment. Guidance counselors reported that (a) many students and parents view nursing as a "dangerous field," (b) negative stereotypes about nursing persist, (c) many students do not plan for the prerequisites for baccalaureate entrance, (d) nursing is perceived as a "narrow" field with few opportunities for advancement, and (e) there is a preference of 2-year programs to get "quick income" over baccalaureate programs and long-term career planning. Faculty and students addressed these issues. Faculty collaboration with guidance counselors is an excellent mechanism to uncover barriers to minority recruitment at the local level. Nursing recruitment activities should be tailored to address these community concerns. In the last 4 years, 24 students from the targeted high school system were offered admission to the University at Buffalo and of this group 17 enrolled in nursing. PMID:19022212

    2. An analysis of physical guidance as reinforcement for noncompliance.

      PubMed

      Kern, Lee; Delaney, Beth A; Hilt, Alexandra; Bailin, Deborah E; Elliot, Christina

      2002-09-01

      Physical guidance is a strategy commonly used for noncompliance. In two experiments, we evaluated reinforcing effects of physical guidance. Experiment 1 include three individuals with developmental disabilities who were noncompliant with tasks. Anecdotal observations indicated physical contact was highly reinforcing, and a functional analysis identified attention as a reinforcer for problem behavior. Two conditions compared physical guidance following noncompliance and no physical guidance following noncompliance. Results showed noncompliance increased for all three participants when physical guidance followed noncompliance. The second experiment empirically evaluated the function of noncompliance prior to examining the effect of physical guidance on noncompliance. A functional analysis, conducted with two participants, indicated noncompliance served an escape function for one and an attention function for the other. Comparisons of physical guidance and no physical guidance indicated physical guidance resulted in decreased noncompliance for the participant with an escape function but increased noncompliance for the participant with an attention function. PMID:12205825

    3. Dosimetric Significance of the ICRP's Updated Guidance and Models, 1989-2003, and Implications for U.S. Federal Guidance

      SciTech Connect

      Leggett, R.W.

      2003-09-10

      Over the past two decades the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has issued a series of Federal guidance documents for the purpose of providing the Federal and State agencies with technical information to assist their implementation of radiation protection programs. Currently recommended dose conversion factors, annual limits on intake, and derived air concentrations for intake of radionuclides are tabulated in Federal Guidance Report No. 11 (FGR 11), published in 1988. The tabulations in FGR 11 were based on dosimetric quantities and biokinetic and dosimetric models of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) developed for application to occupational exposures. Since the publication of FGR 11 the ICRP has revised some of its dosimetric quantities and its models for workers and has also developed age-specific models and dose conversion factors for intake of radionuclides by members of the public. This report examines the extent of the changes in the inhalation and ingestion dose coefficients of FGR 11 implied by the updated recommendations of the ICRP, both for workers and members of the public.

    4. Crew Procedures for Continuous Descent Arrivals Using Conventional Guidance

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Oseguera-Lohr, Rosa M.; Williams, David H.; Lewis, Elliot T,

      2007-01-01

      This paper presents results from a simulation study which investigated the use of Continuous Descent Arrival (CDA) procedures for conducting a descent through a busy terminal area, using conventional transport-category automation. This research was part of the Low Noise Flight Procedures (LNFP) element within the Quiet Aircraft Technology (QAT) Project, that addressed development of flight guidance, and supporting pilot and Air Traffic Control (ATC) procedures for low noise operations. The procedures and chart were designed to be easy to understand, and to make it easy for the crew to make changes via the Flight Management Computer Control-Display Unit (FMC-CDU) to accommodate changes from ATC. The test runs were intended to represent situations typical of what exists in many of today's terminal areas, including interruptions to the descent in the form of clearances issued by ATC.

    5. Guidelines on the use of ultrasound guidance for vascular access.

      PubMed

      Bouaziz, Hervé; Zetlaoui, Paul J; Pierre, Sébastien; Desruennes, Eric; Fritsch, Nicolas; Jochum, Denis; Lapostolle, Frédéric; Pirotte, Thierry; Villiers, Stéphane

      2015-02-01

      Insertion of vascular access is a common procedure with potential for iatrogenic events, some of which can be serious. The spread of ultrasound scanners in operating rooms, intensive care units and emergency departments has made ultrasound-guided catheterisation possible. The first guidelines were published a decade ago but are not always followed in France. The French Society of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care has decided to adopt a position on this issue through its Guidelines Committee in order to propose a limited number of simple guidelines. The method used was the GRADE(®) method using the most recently published meta-analyses as the source of references. The level of evidence found ranged from low to high and all the positive aspects associated with ultrasound guidance, i.e. fewer traumatic complications at puncture, probably or definitely outweigh the potential adverse consequences regardless of whether an adult or child is involved and regardless of the site of insertion. PMID:25829319

    6. 75 FR 76997 - Public Consultation on Personnel Reliability and Culture of Responsibility Issues

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-12-10

      ... Responsibility Issues AGENCY: National Institutes of Health, HHS. ACTION: Notice of Public Consultation on Guidance for Enhancing Personnel Reliability and Strengthening the Culture of Responsibility at the Local... culture of responsibility at facilities that conduct research with dangerous pathogens. The...

    7. Apollo experience report guidance and control systems: Primary guidance, navigation, and control system development

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Holley, M. D.; Swingle, W. L.; Bachman, S. L.; Leblanc, C. J.; Howard, H. T.; Biggs, H. M.

      1976-01-01

      The primary guidance, navigation, and control systems for both the lunar module and the command module are described. Development of the Apollo primary guidance systems is traced from adaptation of the Polaris Mark II system through evolution from Block I to Block II configurations; the discussion includes design concepts used, test and qualification programs performed, and major problems encountered. The major subsystems (inertial, computer, and optical) are covered. Separate sections on the inertial components (gyroscopes and accelerometers) are presented because these components represent a major contribution to the success of the primary guidance, navigation, and control system.

    8. Soluble adenylyl cyclase is not required for axon guidance to netrin-1.

      PubMed

      Moore, Simon W; Lai Wing Sun, Karen; Xie, Fang; Barker, Philip A; Conti, Marco; Kennedy, Timothy E

      2008-04-01

      During development, axons are directed to their targets by extracellular guidance cues. The axonal response to the guidance cue netrin-1 is profoundly influenced by the concentration of cAMP within the growth cone. In some cases, cAMP affects the sensitivity of the growth cone to netrin-1, whereas in others it changes the response to netrin-1 from attraction to repulsion. The effects of cAMP on netrin-1 action are well accepted, but the critical issue of whether cAMP production is activated by a netrin-1 induced signaling cascade remains uncertain. A previous report has suggested that axon guidance in response to netrin-1 requires cAMP production mediated by soluble adenyl cyclase (sAC). We have used genetic, molecular and biochemical strategies to assess this issue. Surprisingly, we found only extremely weak expression of sAC in embryonic neurons and determined that, under conditions where netrin-1 directs axonal pathfinding, exposure to netrin-1 does not alter cAMP levels. Furthermore, although netrin-1-deficient mice exhibit major axon guidance defects, we show that pathfinding is normal in sAC-null mice. Therefore, although cAMP can alter the response of axons to netrin-1, we conclude that netrin-1 does not alter cAMP levels in axons attracted by this cue, and that sAC is not required for axon attraction to netrin-1. PMID:18400890

    9. A Workable Program of Career Guidance

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Hunt, Myrtle E.

      1974-01-01

      Seven observations made by a career education team (a counselor, an occupational specialist, and classroom teachers) provided the basis for establishing career guidance goals. The goals were devoloped around the accepted elements of career education and implemented in a teacher-counselor shared accountability effort in Florida's Pinellas County.…

    10. Guidance for performing site inspections under CERCLA

      SciTech Connect

      Not Available

      1992-09-01

      This guidance presents EPA`s site inspection (SI) strategy. The strategy discusses procedural guidelines to investigate potential Superfund (CERCLA) sites for evaluation pursuant to the Hazard Ranking System (HRS), revised in accordance with the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986. The HRS is the primary means by which EPA evaluates sites for superfund`s National Priorities List (NPL).

    11. Career Guidance and the Kuder Interest Inventories.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Science Research Associates, Inc., Chicago, IL.

      The manual suggests various uses the guidance counselor can make of the Kuder interest surveys. Written by a counselor, the guide presents suggestions that reflect considerable experience with the Kuder tests. Guidelines for introducing, administering, and interpreting the instrument are included along with suggestions for ways to involve the…

    12. Advisory List of Instructional Media Guidance.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh.

      A bibliography of materials relevant to the competency-based guidance curriculum of the North Carolina State Department of Public Instruction is presented in this document. Books for students, books for teacher/counselor use, filmstrips (sound), and videocassettes are listed. Grade ranges are provided for each item, although use of the materials…

    13. Guidance and control of flight vehicles

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Breakwell, J. V.; Bryson, A. E., Jr.; Franklin, G. F.

      1971-01-01

      Progress reports on guidance and attitude control mechanisms of different flight vehicles are presented. The vehicles considered include orbiting spacecraft, supersonic aircraft, and general aviation aircraft. Data also cover orbital transfer using low thrust, automatic landing logic for aircraft, optimal and three dimensional turns for supersonic aircraft, and orbital rendezvous.

    14. Prevocational Exploration Guidance. Competency Based Curriculum.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Harrington, Fred; And Others

      This competency-based curriculum for prevocational exploration in West Virginia provides experiences at grades 9 and 10 related to exploring careers and educational programs for those careers. The guidance units are designed to assist the counselor in providing activities that relate to ongoing hands-on activities in prevocational business,…

    15. Guidance and Counseling Research in New Zealand.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Small, J. J.

      This review of guidance and counseling research includes reports of hypothesis testing based on hard data and behavioral analysis designs, reports of surveys and evaluations, and comments and recommenda- tions from reflections on experience and survey findings. The materials, originating from New Zealand between 1970 and 1979, are classified on…

    16. 21 CFR 601.29 - Guidance documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-04-01

      ... for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER) maintains a list of guidance documents that apply to the... Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) BIOLOGICS... Manufacturers Assistance (HFM-40), Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug...

    17. 21 CFR 314.445 - Guidance documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-04-01

      ... and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE APPLICATIONS FOR FDA APPROVAL TO MARKET A NEW DRUG Miscellaneous Provisions § 314.445 Guidance... comply with certain requirements of this part. (b) The Center for Drug Evaluation and Research...

    18. 21 CFR 601.29 - Guidance documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-04-01

      ... for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER) maintains a list of guidance documents that apply to the... Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) BIOLOGICS... Manufacturers Assistance (HFM-40), Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug...

    19. 21 CFR 314.445 - Guidance documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-04-01

      ... and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE APPLICATIONS FOR FDA APPROVAL TO MARKET A NEW DRUG Miscellaneous Provisions § 314.445 Guidance... comply with certain requirements of this part. (b) The Center for Drug Evaluation and Research...

    20. 21 CFR 314.445 - Guidance documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-04-01

      ... and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE APPLICATIONS FOR FDA APPROVAL TO MARKET A NEW DRUG Miscellaneous Provisions § 314.445 Guidance... comply with certain requirements of this part. (b) The Center for Drug Evaluation and Research...

    1. 21 CFR 314.445 - Guidance documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-04-01

      ... and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE APPLICATIONS FOR FDA APPROVAL TO MARKET A NEW DRUG Miscellaneous Provisions § 314.445 Guidance... comply with certain requirements of this part. (b) The Center for Drug Evaluation and Research...

    2. 21 CFR 601.29 - Guidance documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-04-01

      ... for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER) maintains a list of guidance documents that apply to the... Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) BIOLOGICS... Manufacturers Assistance (HFM-40), Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug...

    3. 21 CFR 601.29 - Guidance documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-04-01

      ... for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER) maintains a list of guidance documents that apply to the... Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) BIOLOGICS... Manufacturers Assistance (HFM-40), Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug...

    4. 21 CFR 314.445 - Guidance documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-04-01

      ... and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE APPLICATIONS FOR FDA APPROVAL TO MARKET A NEW DRUG Miscellaneous Provisions § 314.445 Guidance... comply with certain requirements of this part. (b) The Center for Drug Evaluation and Research...

    5. Museum Personnel's Opinions on Mobile Guidance Systems

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Yoshimura, Hirokazu; Sekiguchi, Hiromi; Yabumoto, Yoshitaka

      2007-01-01

      While opinions from the general public are certainly important, opinions from the museum staff are also necessary to improve user service systems. this article introduces two groups of museum staff who have evaluated the usability of mobile guidance systems in Japanese museums. One group is the research team who used the PDA system in the National…

    6. IUS guidance algorithm gamma guide assessment

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Bray, R. E.; Dauro, V. A.

      1980-01-01

      The Gamma Guidance Algorithm which controls the inertial upper stage is described. The results of an independent assessment of the algorithm's performance in satisfying the NASA missions' targeting objectives are presented. The results of a launch window analysis for a Galileo mission, and suggested improvements are included.

    7. Vocational Guidance for Women, 1910-1940.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Rossiter, Margaret W.

      The kinds of vocational guidance available to women from 1910 to 1940 are discussed in this paper. As the number of women college graduates increased in the 1890s and especially in the first decade of the 20th century, concern also grew for what all these trained women would do to earn a living after they graduated and before they married (if they…

    8. Middle School Students' Guidance and Counseling Needs

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Kesici, Sahin

      2007-01-01

      The purpose of this study is to determine the guidance and counseling needs of middle school (i.e., sixth, seventh, and eighth grades) students from their points of views by using qualitative research techniques. In addition, while collecting the data, semi-structured interview technique is used as a method of data collection. The study was…

    9. Occupational Information. A Career Guidance View.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Wolfbein, Seymour L.

      This book deals not with the administrative or information searching processes related to the guidance function of providing occupational information, but with the substantive information itself. It presents a contemporary view of values, trends, and principles, derived primarily from statistical information describing the current world of work.…

    10. 78 FR 53792 - Draft Guidance for Reciprocity

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2013-08-30

      ... COMMISSION Draft Guidance for Reciprocity AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Draft NUREG; request... for reciprocity. The NRC is requesting public comment on draft NUREG-1556, Volume 19, Revision 1...@nrc.gov . The draft NUREG-1556, Volume 19, Revision 1, is available under ADAMS Accession...

    11. ASSESSMENT OF THE DEMONSTRATION GUIDANCE PROJECT.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      WRIGHTSTONE, J. WAYNE; AND OTHERS

      THE PURPOSE WAS TO IDENTIFY ABLE STUDENTS FROM DISADVANTAGED URBAN AREAS AND TO STIMULATE THEM THROUGH CULTURAL EXPERIENCES, SPECIAL CLASSES, AND GUIDANCE TO SEEK HIGHER EDUCATIONAL AND VOCATIONAL GOALS. A PRIMARY OBJECTIVE WAS TO REFINE THE METHODS AND TECHNIQUES FOR PREDICTION OF ACADEMIC POTENTIAL, THROUGH APTITUDE TESTING, ACHIEVEMENT TESTING,…

    12. Modern control theory for Army missile guidance

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Travassos, R. H.; Levari, H.; Gupta, N. K.

      1982-11-01

      A Singular perturbation guidance law has been developed for medium-range surface-to-air missiles. This guidance law is a significant extension of a previously developed guidance law for short-range missiles; in medium-range intercepts, the problem of energy management should be addressed in addition to homing guidance. The mathematical formulation has been simplified by introducing separation of time scales. Target Trajectory Estimation: A recursive algorithm for estimation of autoregressive moving average (ARMA) model parameters from noisy samples has been developed. Application of this algorithm to parameter estimation problems has exhibited its fast convergence and unbiasedness in the presence of noise, even with short data records. The algorithm has two versions, a Recursive Maximum Likelihood (RML) form and a Recursive Prediction Error (RPE) form, both of which possess a parallel structure that makes them highly suitable for parallel-processing implementation. Adaptive autopilots: Lattice-form algorithms have been developed for fast, recursive identification and control of time-varying systems. These algorithms have excellent numerical properties and a modular structure that makes them suitable for on-board real-time implementation.

    13. Career Guidance Policy: An International Review

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Watts, A. G.

      2005-01-01

      The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Bank, and the European Commission have conducted reviews of the career guidance policies and practices in 37 countries. The 37 country studies, together with the 3 synthesis reports and a number of other commissioned papers, constitute the largest database on career guidance…

    14. Self-Awareness. Level One. Career Guidance.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Fiendach, Nancy; And Others

      Materials contained in this career guidance unit are designed to develop in five-and six-year-old children an awareness of their senses and the related body organs, likenesses and differences, and self-control. The nineteen activities included in the unit vary in length from twenty to sixty minutes; the entire unit requires approximately ten hours…

    15. 77 FR 48591 - State Rail Plan Guidance

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-08-14

      ... grants authorized in the Act and available under the High-Speed Intercity Passenger Rail program. This... Federal Railroad Administration State Rail Plan Guidance AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Request for Public Comment on Proposed State Rail Plan...

    16. Bridge over Troubled Water: Guidance Crosses

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Amundson, Norm

      2008-01-01

      This article is based on a keynote presentation at an international conference where the focus was cross-over career guidance. Simon and Garfunkel's popular song, "Bridge over troubled water", was used as a metaphor for exploring the cross-over theme. Some of the concepts under consideration included the working alliance, the importance of a…

    17. Guidance for an aeroassisted orbital transfer vehicle

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Hall, Kenneth R.

      1988-01-01

      The use of atmospheric drag for slowing satellite in high energy, high apogee orbits to a lower energy, lower apogee orbit about the Earth is investigated. The high energy orbit is assumed to intercept the Earth's atmosphere. Guidance for the atmospheric phase of the trajectory may be done using the aerodynamic forces generated by the passage through the atmosphere. This research was concerned with the investigation of several methods of guidance during the atmospheric phase to cause a significant reduction in the final velocity as the vehicle leaves the atmosphere. In addition, the velocity direction was controlled to exit to a desired target orbit. Lastly excess aerodynamic lift was used to effect a plane change between the entry orbit plane and the exit orbit plane to achieve a desired orbit plane. The guidance methods were applied to a 3 degree-of-freedom simulation which included an oblate Earth gravity model and a rotating atmosphere. Simulation results were compared on the basis of speed of computation of the guidance parameters and amount of added velocity necessary to achieve the desired orbit.

    18. Neighboring optimal guidance theory and computer program

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Powers, W. F.

      1974-01-01

      Developments of the linear quadratic optimal control problem are discussed. The theory is applicable to the development of neighboring optimal feedback guidance gains, and is useful as a tool for synthesizing feedback control laws. A computer program which requires only the pertinent matrices of the linear quadratic problem is described.

    19. Guidance on premium payments in CERCLA settlements

      SciTech Connect

      Not Available

      1988-11-17

      The directive provides guidance on the use of premium payments in CERCLA settlements. It describes the key features of a premium payment settlement, considerations regarding timing of the settlement, and the factors to be considered in deciding if a premium should be accepted.

    20. 36 CFR 1290.7 - Additional guidance.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-07-01

      ... Section 1290.7 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION JFK... ASSASSINATION RECORDS COLLECTION ACT OF 1992 (JFK ACT) § 1290.7 Additional guidance. (a) A government agency, office, or entity includes, for purposes of interpreting and implementing the JFK Act, all current,...

    1. Outcomes from Career Information and Guidance Services.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Maguire, Malcolm; Killeen, John

      Outcomes of guidance can be assessed at these three levels: individual, where they are immediate; organizational, where they are intermediate; or societal, where they are ultimate. They may result in learning outcomes, school effectiveness, economic benefits, or social benefits. Various designs of outcome evaluation are described and…

    2. Athletics Guidance Aims for Level Field

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Samuels, Christina A.

      2013-01-01

      A document from the U.S. Department of Education intended to clarify schools' responsibility to make sure students with disabilities have access to extracurricular sports has drawn sharply different opinions. Disability-rights advocates welcome the guidance, while critics say federal officials are pushing requirements that could place new…

    3. "Telling Tales": Using Narrative in Career Guidance

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Reid, Hazel; West, Linden

      2011-01-01

      In this article the authors argue for the importance of narrative-based approaches in career guidance work in an uncertain, unpredictable world. This requires a paradigmatic shift in thinking that can be too difficult, at present, for some practitioners. The article reports on the first phase of a collaborative project with a group of…

    4. A Four-Year Career Guidance Program.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Sherrell, C. Eleanor; Spaulding, Barbara G.

      The counseling staff at a suburban, comprehensive, four-year high school in southern California developed and implemented a Career Guidance program for grades nine through twelve. With assistance and cooperation from teachers, students participated in exploration of vocational interests, personal values, and individual aptitudes in Grades 9 and…

    5. Assessing Enterprise Capability: Guidance for Schools

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      National Foundation for Educational Research, 2007

      2007-01-01

      This document offers guidance to schools on how assessment can support enterprise education. It presents the interim findings from research carried out by the National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER) for the Department for Education and Skills (DfES) in secondary schools in England. Enterprise capability is the key outcome of enterprise…

    6. Evaluating Computer-Assisted Career Guidance Programs.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Krumboltz, John D.

      1990-01-01

      Finds the Sampson et al. guidelines for computer-assisted career guidance systems (CE 521 972) comprehensive and self-explanatory, but states that user judgment is still required. Suggests revision of existing standards to take into account the feature-cost analysis method. (SK)

    7. Students' Perceptions of a Compulsory Guidance Program.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Yee, Dianne; Pawlovich, Walter

      1988-01-01

      Investigated students' perceptions of the primary compulsory segment of the career guidance program offered by Swift Current Comprehensive High School. Students reported positive perceptions of the total program and of counselor assistance, particularly of the CHOICES component of the program, with mixed perceptions of the Strong-Campbell Interest…

    8. Laser radar for spacecraft guidance applications

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Liebe, C. C.; Abramovici, A.; Bartman, R. K.; Bunker, R. L.; Chapsky, J.; Chu, C. C.; Clouse, D.; Dillon, J. W.; Hausmann, B.; Hemmati, H.; Kornfeld, R. P.; Kwa, C.; Mobasser, S.; Newell, M.; Padgett, C.; Roberts, W. T.; Spiers, G.; Warfield, Z.; Wright, M.

      2003-01-01

      A flight qualified laser radar called LAMP (LAser MaPper) is under development at JPL. LAMP is a guidance and control sensor that can form 3 dimensional images of its field of regard. This paper describes the detailed design of the LAMP sensor.

    9. MR imaging guidance for minimally invasive procedures

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Wong, Terence Z.; Kettenbach, Joachim; Silverman, Stuart G.; Schwartz, Richard B.; Morrison, Paul R.; Kacher, Daniel F.; Jolesz, Ferenc A.

      1998-04-01

      Image guidance is one of the major challenges common to all minimally invasive procedures including biopsy, thermal ablation, endoscopy, and laparoscopy. This is essential for (1) identifying the target lesion, (2) planning the minimally invasive approach, and (3) monitoring the therapy as it progresses. MRI is an ideal imaging modality for this purpose, providing high soft tissue contrast and multiplanar imaging, capability with no ionizing radiation. An interventional/surgical MRI suite has been developed at Brigham and Women's Hospital which provides multiplanar imaging guidance during surgery, biopsy, and thermal ablation procedures. The 0.5T MRI system (General Electric Signa SP) features open vertical access, allowing intraoperative imaging to be performed. An integrated navigational system permits near real-time control of imaging planes, and provides interactive guidance for positioning various diagnostic and therapeutic probes. MR imaging can also be used to monitor cryotherapy as well as high temperature thermal ablation procedures sing RF, laser, microwave, or focused ultrasound. Design features of the interventional MRI system will be discussed, and techniques will be described for interactive image acquisition and tracking of interventional instruments. Applications for interactive and near-real-time imaging will be presented as well as examples of specific procedures performed using MRI guidance.

    10. The Guidance Counselor and the Instructional Arena.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Ediger, Marlow

      This document discusses the role of the guidance counselor in helping with the academic achievement of students. One way to do this is to instruct teachers and principals in some of the basic tenets from educational psychology that can help students feel more positive about themselves. Being unable to meet high curricular standards often leads to…

    11. 21 CFR 312.145 - Guidance documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-04-01

      ... and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE INVESTIGATIONAL NEW DRUG APPLICATION Miscellaneous § 312.145 Guidance documents. (a) FDA has... the Office of Communication, Training, and Manufacturers Assistance (HFM-40), Center for...

    12. Advances in spacecraft atmospheric entry guidance

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Benito Manrique, Joel

      In order to advance entry guidance technology two different research areas have been explored with the objective of increasing the reachable landing area and the landing accuracy for future Mars missions. Currently only the northern hemisphere of Mars is available for landing due to its low elevation. Only low elevation landing sites have the necessary atmospheric density to allow landing using current Entry, Descent and Landing (EDL) technology. In order to reach most of the Ancient Highlands, the majority of the southern hemisphere, advanced EDL technology is needed in multiple fields, including entry guidance. The first research area is the definition and applications of reachable and controllable sets for entry. The definition of the reachable and controllable sets provides a framework for the study of the capabilities of an entry vehicle in a given planet. Reachable and controllable sets can be used to comprehensively characterize the envelope of trajectories that a vehicle can fly, the sites it can reach and the entry states that can be accommodated. The sets can also be used for the evaluation of trajectory planning algorithms and to assist in the selection of the entry or landing sites. In essence, the reachable and controllable sets offer a powerful vehicle and trajectory analysis and design framework that allows for better mission design choices. In order to illustrate the use of the sets, they are computed for a representative Mars mission using two different vehicle configurations. The sets characterize the impact of the vehicle configuration on the entry capability. Furthermore, the sets are used to find the best skip-entry trajectory for a return from the Moon mission, highlighting the utility of the sets in atmospheric maneuvers other than entry. The second research area is the development of the components of an entry guidance algorithm that allow high elevation landing and provide as well high landing accuracy. The approach taken follows the

    13. What's the evidence that NICE guidance has been implemented? Results from a national evaluation using time series analysis, audit of patients' notes, and interviews

      PubMed Central

      Sheldon, Trevor A; Cullum, Nicky; Dawson, Diane; Lankshear, Annette; Lowson, Karin; Watt, Ian; West, Peter; Wright, Dianne; Wright, John

      2004-01-01

      Objectives To assess the extent and pattern of implementation of guidance issued by the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE). Design Interrupted time series analysis, review of case notes, survey, and interviews. Setting Acute and primary care trusts in England and Wales. Participants All primary care prescribing, hospital pharmacies; a random sample of 20 acute trusts, 17 mental health trusts, and 21 primary care trusts; and senior clinicians and managers from five acute trusts. Main outcome measures Rates of prescribing and use of procedures and medical devices relative to evidence based guidance. Results 6308 usable patient audit forms were returned. Implementation of NICE guidance varied by trust and by topic. Prescribing of some taxanes for cancer (P < 0.002) and orlistat for obesity (P < 0.001) significantly increased in line with guidance. Prescribing of drugs for Alzheimer's disease and prophylactic extraction of wisdom teeth showed trends consistent with, but not obviously a consequence of, the guidance. Prescribing practice often did not accord with the details of the guidance. No change was apparent in the use of hearing aids, hip prostheses, implantable cardioverter defibrillators, laparoscopic hernia repair, and laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery after NICE guidance had been issued. Conclusions Implementation of NICE guidance has been variable. Guidance seems more likely to be adopted when there is strong professional support, a stable and convincing evidence base, and no increased or unfunded costs, in organisations that have established good systems for tracking guidance implementation and where the professionals involved are not isolated. Guidance needs to be clear and reflect the clinical context. PMID:15514342

    14. The UK's Draft Guidance for Health in SEA in light of HIA community priorities and the UNECE SEA Protocol

      SciTech Connect

      Posas, Paula J.

      2011-04-15

      The Protocol on Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) to the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Espoo Convention came into force on 11 July 2010. This Protocol, to which the European Union is party, gives a legal basis for enhanced attention to human health in the SEA process. In this context, the United Kingdom's (UK's) 2007 Draft Guidance on Health in Strategic Environmental Assessment represents an important early government-led effort to bring health issues and public health considerations more significantly into the SEA process. Since the UK is a worldwide leader in environmental and various other types of impact assessment, and since other countries may eventually consider its example in efforts to meet UNECE SEA Protocol requirements, scrutiny of its outputs is warranted. This paper thus examines the UK's Draft Guidance from both HIA academic and practitioner perspectives. First it assesses the extent to which the Draft Guidance reflects recent issues and lessons learned in the academic literature. In order to make the assessment, a meta-analysis of 70 HIA-related peer-reviewed articles was undertaken to extract authors' priority recommendations. These recommendations were subsequently compared with the contents of the Draft Guidance. Secondly, the Draft Guidance was assessed for its accordance with recommendations of the UNECE SEA Protocol background paper written by two HIA practitioners. Overall, the Draft Guidance's accordance with both sets of recommendations was found to be high, with only a few easily-remedied gaps. This evaluation suggests that the UK's Draft Guidance can be a useful starting point in the creation of future guidance on health in SEA in both the UK and other countries.

    15. A Formal Investigation of the Organization of Guidance Behavior: Implications for Humans and Autonomous Guidance

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Kong, Zhaodan

      Guidance behavior generated either by artificial agents or humans has been actively studied in the fields of both robotics and cognitive science. The goals of these two fields are different. The former is the automatic generation of appropriate or even optimal behavior, while the latter is the understanding of the underlying mechanism. Their challenges, though, are closely related, the most important one being the lack of a unified, formal and grounded framework where the guidance behavior can be modeled and studied. This dissertation presents such a framework. In this framework, guidance behavior is analyzed as the closed-loop dynamics of the whole agent-environment system. The resulting dynamics give rise to interaction patterns. The central points of this dissertation are that: first of all, these patterns, which can be explained in terms of symmetries that are inherent to the guidance behavior, provide building blocks for the organization of behavior; second, the existence of these patterns and humans' organization of their guidance behavior based on these patterns are the reasons that humans can generate successful behavior in spite of all the complexities involved in the planning and control. This dissertation first gives an overview of the challenges existing in both scientific endeavors, such as human and animal spatial behavior study, and engineering endeavors, such as autonomous guidance system design. It then lays out the foundation for our formal framework, which states that guidance behavior should be interpreted as the collection of the closed-loop dynamics resulting from the agent's interaction with the environment. The following, illustrated by examples of three different UAVs, shows that the study of the closed-loop dynamics should not be done without the consideration of vehicle dynamics, as is the common practice in some of the studies in both autonomous guidance and human behavior analysis. The framework, the core concepts of which are

    16. Optimal guidance with obstacle avoidance for nap-of-the-earth flight

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Pekelsma, Nicholas J.

      1988-01-01

      The development of automatic guidance is discussed for helicopter Nap-of-the-Earth (NOE) and near-NOE flight. It deals with algorithm refinements relating to automated real-time flight path planning and to mission planning. With regard to path planning, it relates rotorcraft trajectory characteristics to the NOE computation scheme and addresses real-time computing issues and both ride quality issues and pilot-vehicle interfaces. The automated mission planning algorithm refinements include route optimization, automatic waypoint generation, interactive applications, and provisions for integrating the results into the real-time path planning software. A microcomputer based mission planning workstation was developed and is described. Further, the application of Defense Mapping Agency (DMA) digital terrain to both the mission planning workstation and to automatic guidance is both discussed and illustrated.

    17. Revisions to US EPA Superfund Risk and Dose Assessment Models and Guidance - 13403

      SciTech Connect

      Walker, Stuart A.

      2013-07-01

      The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Superfund program's six Preliminary Remediation Goal (PRG) and Dose Compliance Concentration (DCC) internet based calculators for risk and dose assessment at Superfund sites are being revised to reflect better science, revisions to existing exposure scenarios and new scenarios, and changes to match up more closely with the EPA chemical regional screening level calculator. A revised version of the 1999 guidance document that provides an overview for the Superfund risk assessment process at radioactively contaminated sites, 'Radiation Risk Assessment At CERCLA Sites: Q and A', is being completed that will reflect Superfund recommended guidance and other technical documents issued over the past 13 years. EPA is also issuing a series of fact sheets in the document 'Superfund Radiation Risk Assessment: A Community Tool-kit'. This presentation would go over those changes that are expected to be finished by this spring. (authors)

    18. Implications of DOE O 1027 Guidance on Rad-NESHAP Programs

      SciTech Connect

      Fuehne, David P.; Fong, Stephen C.

      2012-07-20

      This presentation is for the national Radionuclide NESHAP meeting, an embedded topic of the 2012 Health Physics Society Annual Meeting in Sacramento, CA. The Radionuclide NESHAP program is responsible for measuring and reporting the amount of airborne radioactive material released from DOE facilities. The issue at hand is recent guidance put forth by the Department of Energy regarding threshold limits for Category 3 and Category 2 nuclear facilities. Updates to calculation methods have resulted in increased amounts of radioactive material allowed in inventory for facilities before they reach levels which require them to be categorized as a Category 2 or 3 nuclear facility. With larger radioactive material inventories, there may be a corresponding increase in overall facility emissions. This can have permitting and monitoring impacts for DOE sites, as well as political ramifications with citizen organizations. This presentation is intended to raise awareness of the new guidance and associated issues, and to stimulate discussion among DOE Radionuclide NESHAP representatives.

    19. Nuclear power plant safety related pump issues

      SciTech Connect

      Colaccino, J.

      1996-12-01

      This paper summarizes of a number of pump issues raised since the Third NRC/ASME Symposium on Valve and Pump Testing in 1994. General issues discussed include revision of NRC Inspection Procedure 73756, issuance of NRC Information Notice 95-08 on ultrasonic flow meter uncertainties, relief requests for tests that are determined by the licensee to be impractical, and items in the ASME OM-1995 Code, Subsection ISTB, for pumps. The paper also discusses current pump vibration issues encountered in relief requests and plant inspections - which include smooth running pumps, absolute vibration limits, and vertical centrifugal pump vibration measurement requirements. Two pump scope issues involving boiling water reactor waterlog and reactor core isolation cooling pumps are also discussed. Where appropriate, NRC guidance is discussed.

    20. Critical Issues in Reauthorization. Issue Paper.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Buzzell, Charles H.

      H.R. 7, the Applied Technology Education Amendments of 1989, would reauthorize the Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act through fiscal year 1995. Among other improvements, H.R. 7 strengthens support for personnel development, articulation, career guidance and counseling, consumer and homemaking education, and the national data system. However,…

    1. Flu Vaccine Guidance for Patients with Immune Deficiency

      MedlinePlus

      ... Guidance for Patients with Immune Deficiency Share | Flu Vaccine Guidance for Patients with Immune Deficiency This article ... should patients with immune deficiency be given the vaccine? Immune deficient patients have a decreased resistance to ...

    2. Technical Guidance for Assessing Environmental Justice in Regulatory Analysis

      EPA Science Inventory

      The Technical Guidance for Assessing Environmental Justice in Regulatory Analysis (also referred to as the Environmental Justice Technical Guidance or EJTG) is intended for use by Agency analysts, including risk assessors, economists, and other analytic staff that conduct analyse...

    3. IMPLEMENTATION GUIDANCE FOR AMBIENT WATER QUALITY CRITERIA FOR BACTERIA

      EPA Science Inventory

      The Implementation Guidance for Ambient Water Quality Criteria for Bacteria is a guidance document to assist state, territory, and authorized tribal water quality programs in adopting and implementing bacteriological water quality criteria into their water quality standards to pr...

    4. Case Study: Ethical Guidance for Pediatric e-health Research Using Examples From Pain Research With Adolescents

      PubMed Central

      Henderson, Ellen M.; Law, Emily F.; Palermo, Tonya M.

      2012-01-01

      Objective The Internet is a frequently used platform for research in pediatric and health psychology. However, there is little pragmatic guidance as to ethical best practice of this research. The absence of guidance is particularly prominent for online research with children. Our objective is to outline ethical issues in e-health research with children and adolescents using two exemplar studies in pediatric pain research. Methods The first study is an asynchronous message board discussion amongst teenagers with pain who are frequent internet users.The second study is a web-based behavioral intervention for the management of adolescent pain. Results Each exemplar study is discussed in the context of specific ethical considerations related to recruitment, informed consent and debriefing, privacy and confidentiality, and participant safety. Ethical issues regarding the evaluation of online psychological interventions are also discussed. Conclusions Guidance on optimal ethical practice in e-health research is summarized. PMID:22851643

    5. 75 FR 3371 - Commission Guidance Concerning the Rules of Practice Relating to Reparations

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-01-21

      ...The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (``Commission'' or ``CFTC'') is issuing this policy statement to clarify and provide guidance to Commission staff and affected parties that Commission Rule 12.1(a), 17 CFR 12.1(a), requires that all rules of practice relating to reparation proceedings under 17 CFR part 12 ``shall be construed liberally so as to secure the just, speedy and inexpensive......

    6. Special Book Review Issue.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Horvath, Clara, Ed.; And Others

      1996-01-01

      Reviews 32 books on the following topics: human resources and organizational development; guidance, assessment, and counseling; job search, networking, resumes, letters, and applications; careers in specific fields; transitions and retirement; and finding balance. (SK)

    7. 78 FR 49782 - Interim Staff Guidance on Changes During Construction

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2013-08-15

      ... 52, in the Federal Register on January 11, 2012 (77 FR 1749). The period for submitting comments on... COMMISSION Interim Staff Guidance on Changes During Construction AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission... Guidance (ISG) COL-ISG-025 ``Interim Staff Guidance on Changes During Construction.'' This ISG...

    8. Acid rain compliance: The need for regulatory guidance

      SciTech Connect

      Solomon, B.D.

      1993-07-01

      This article presents a broad view of the need for regulatory guidance when confronting the problem of acid rain. The two major topics addressed are (1) Why is guidance needed and (2) What kind of guidance is needed. Discussion of rate and accounting treatment of allowances, acid rain compliance planning, and allowance trading and energy efficiency are included.

    9. Guidance Services in Adult Education Programs; A Leadership Monograph.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Bureau of Adult Education.

      This guide provides an in-depth description of guidance and counseling as they relate to adult education. One major theme stressed is that guidance is an integral part of adult education, serving students by facilitating their learning and self-fulfillment. Topics covered are the concept of guidance within adult education and the adult education…

    10. Guidance East and West: A Collection of Occasional Papers.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      ERIC Clearinghouse on Counseling and Personnel Services, Ann Arbor, MI.

      This book contains a collection of 14 papers dealing with guidance and guidance programs in the Philippines, the Republic of China, Japan, and Thailand. An overview of the place of American counselors in international guidance and benefits to counselors and the counseling profession of world-wide contacts is reviewed in the initial paper. Issues…

    11. Research And Innovation In Elementary School Guidance And Counseling

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Keat, Donald B., II

      1973-01-01

      Elementary school teachers were trained in seven guidance learnings over a two-day span so that they could use guidance approaches in their classes. The Guidance Learning Rating Scale was developed to evaluate statements before and after their exposure to confluent education activities. There were significant changes in test scores in the expect…

    12. 21 CFR 10.115 - Good guidance practices.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-04-01

      ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Good guidance practices. 10.115 Section 10.115 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE PRACTICES AND PROCEDURES General Administrative Procedures § 10.115 Good guidance practices. (a) What are good guidance practices? Good...

    13. Guidance Concept for a Mars Ascent Vehicle First Stage

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Queen, Eric M.

      2000-01-01

      This paper presents a guidance concept for use on the first stage of a Mars Ascent Vehicle (MAV). The guidance is based on a calculus of variations approach similar to that used for the final phase of the Apollo Earth return guidance. A three degree-of-freedom (3DOF) Monte Carlo simulation is used to evaluate performance and robustness of the algorithm.

    14. Concept development of automatic guidance for rotorcraft obstacle avoidance

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Cheng, Victor H. L.

      1990-01-01

      The automatic guidance of rotorcraft for obstacle avoidance in nap-of-the-earth flight is studied. A hierarchical breakdown of the guidance components is used to identify the functional requirements. These requirements and anticipated sensor capabilities lead to a preliminary guidance concept, which has been evaluated via computer simulations.

    15. Quality Guidance: A Sectoral Analysis. NICEC Project Report.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Watts, A. G.; Sadler, Jackie

      This report reviews the structure of the guidance field and provides a sector-by-sector analysis of current quality assurance arrangements in the United Kingdom. Part 1 presents an outline of the guidance sector, including some key concepts, structures, and roles. It defines guidance and other terms; discusses the three main categories…

    16. [Guidance and Counseling of the American Indian College Student.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Brown, Eddie F.; Fredrick, James

      Problems faced by American Indian college students were described in these 2 guidance and counseling papers. The first paper suggested a plan for a guidance and counseling program. The 3 steps in this plan were a special summer student orientation program for Indians; and "out-reaching" guidance and counseling program where Indian students would…

    17. 2 CFR 182.40 - How is the guidance maintained?

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-01-01

      ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How is the guidance maintained? 182.40 Section 182.40 Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS Reserved GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) § 182.40 How is the guidance maintained? The...

    18. 40 CFR 56.6 - Dissemination of policy and guidance.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-07-01

      ... 40 Protection of Environment 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Dissemination of policy and guidance... (CONTINUED) REGIONAL CONSISTENCY § 56.6 Dissemination of policy and guidance. The Assistant Administrators of... to disseminate policy and guidance. They shall distribute material under foregoing systems to...

    19. The Competitive Influences of Perceptual Load and Working Memory Guidance on Selective Attention.

      PubMed

      Tan, Jinfeng; Zhao, Yuanfang; Wang, Lijun; Tian, Xia; Cui, Yan; Yang, Qian; Pan, Weigang; Zhao, Xiaoyue; Chen, Antao

      2015-01-01

      The perceptual load theory in selective attention literature proposes that the interference from task-irrelevant distractor is eliminated when perceptual capacity is fully consumed by task-relevant information. However, the biased competition model suggests that the contents of working memory (WM) can guide attentional selection automatically, even when this guidance is detrimental to visual search. An intriguing but unsolved question is what will happen when selective attention is influenced by both perceptual load and WM guidance. To study this issue, behavioral performances and event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded when participants were presented with a cue to either identify or hold in memory and had to perform a visual search task subsequently, under conditions of low or high perceptual load. Behavioural data showed that high perceptual load eliminated the attentional capture by WM. The ERP results revealed an obvious WM guidance effect in P1 component with invalid trials eliciting larger P1 than neutral trials, regardless of the level of perceptual load. The interaction between perceptual load and WM guidance was significant for the posterior N1 component. The memory guidance effect on N1 was eliminated by high perceptual load. Standardized Low Resolution Electrical Tomography Analysis (sLORETA) showed that the WM guidance effect and the perceptual load effect on attention can be localized into the occipital area and parietal lobe, respectively. Merely identifying the cue produced no effect on the P1 or N1 component. These results suggest that in selective attention, the information held in WM could capture attention at the early stage of visual processing in the occipital cortex. Interestingly, this initial capture of attention by WM could be modulated by the level of perceptual load and the parietal lobe mediates target selection at the discrimination stage. PMID:26098079

    20. Closed-loop endo-atmospheric ascent guidance for reusable launch vehicle

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Sun, Hongsheng

      This dissertation focuses on the development of a closed-loop endo-atmospheric ascent guidance algorithm for the 2nd generation reusable launch vehicle. Special attention has been given to the issues that impact on viability, complexity and reliability in on-board implementation. The algorithm is called once every guidance update cycle to recalculate the optimal solution based on the current flight condition, taking into account atmospheric effects and path constraints. This is different from traditional ascent guidance algorithms which operate in a simple open-loop mode inside atmosphere, and later switch to a closed-loop vacuum ascent guidance scheme. The classical finite difference method is shown to be well suited for fast solution of the constrained optimal three-dimensional ascent problem. The initial guesses for the solutions are generated using an analytical vacuum optimal ascent guidance algorithm. Homotopy method is employed to gradually introduce the aerodynamic forces to generate the optimal solution from the optimal vacuum solution. The vehicle chosen for this study is the Lockheed Martin X-33 lifting-body reusable launch vehicle. To verify the algorithm presented in this dissertation, a series of open-loop and closed-loop tests are performed for three different missions. Wind effects are also studied in the closed-loop simulations. For comparison, the solutions for the same missions are also obtained by two independent optimization softwares. The results clearly establish the feasibility of closed-loop endo-atmospheric ascent guidance of rocket-powered launch vehicles. ATO cases are also tested to assess the adaptability of the algorithm to autonomously incorporate the abort modes.

    1. An Augmentation of G-Guidance Algorithms

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Carson, John M. III; Acikmese, Behcet

      2011-01-01

      The original G-Guidance algorithm provided an autonomous guidance and control policy for small-body proximity operations that took into account uncertainty and dynamics disturbances. However, there was a lack of robustness in regards to object proximity while in autonomous mode. The modified GGuidance algorithm was augmented with a second operational mode that allows switching into a safety hover mode. This will cause a spacecraft to hover in place until a mission-planning algorithm can compute a safe new trajectory. No state or control constraints are violated. When a new, feasible state trajectory is calculated, the spacecraft will return to standard mode and maneuver toward the target. The main goal of this augmentation is to protect the spacecraft in the event that a landing surface or obstacle is closer or further than anticipated. The algorithm can be used for the mitigation of any unexpected trajectory or state changes that occur during standard mode operations

    2. Vocational guidance: A primary function of education

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Röhrs, Hermann

      1992-05-01

      The world of work as part of our dynamic society is the result of a permanent change. This development has an influence on the school and its tasks. Apart from industrialisation there is computerisation which requires, to an important extent, individual judgement and inventiveness on the part of the working population. The school has not only to cope with these changes but has also to try to influence them through vocational orientation and guidance and its continual reform. The aim of the school is the development of a critical sense with the purpose of humanising the whole process. The importance of vocational orientation and guidance is increasing, and they have to become a task of our schools. The topic should therefore also be included in teacher training as well as in further education.

    3. Dynamic contact guidance of migrating cells

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Losert, Wolfgang; Sun, Xiaoyu; Guven, Can; Driscoll, Meghan; Fourkas, John

      2014-03-01

      We investigate the effects of nanotopographical surfaces on the cell migration and cell shape dynamics of the amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum. Amoeboid motion exhibits significant contact guidance along surfaces with nanoscale ridges or grooves. We show quantitatively that nanoridges spaced 1.5 μm apart exhibit the greatest contact guidance efficiency. Using principal component analysis, we characterize the dynamics of the cell shape modulated by the coupling between the cell membrane and ridges. We show that motion parallel to the ridges is enhanced, while the turning, at the largest spatial scales, is suppressed. Since protrusion dynamics are principally governed by actin dynamics, we imaged the actin polymerization of cells on ridges. We found that actin polymerization occurs preferentially along nanoridges in a ``monorail'' like fashion. The ridges then provide us with a tool to study actin dynamics in an effectively reduced dimensional system.

    4. Taxonometric Guidance for Developing Quality Assurance

      SciTech Connect

      Thomadsen, Bruce Lin, She-Woei

      2008-05-01

      A taxonomy is an ordered classification system. In error reduction analysis, an examination of the human failures that lead to an event often uses a taxonomy to classify the failures according to some aspect of their characteristics. These classifications provide insights into the forces that kept the persons involved from achieving their intended actions. They also can provide guidance for changing the situation to prevent failure in the future. For example, the corrective action would be different if a therapist pressed the wrong button because several buttons looked alike or they forgot which button to press. Different types of failures lead to particular types of remediation. Taxonomies can provide guidance in selecting between possible corrective actions.

    5. Video guidance, landing, and imaging systems

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Schappell, R. T.; Knickerbocker, R. L.; Tietz, J. C.; Grant, C.; Rice, R. B.; Moog, R. D.

      1975-01-01

      The adaptive potential of video guidance technology for earth orbital and interplanetary missions was explored. The application of video acquisition, pointing, tracking, and navigation technology was considered to three primary missions: planetary landing, earth resources satellite, and spacecraft rendezvous and docking. It was found that an imaging system can be mechanized to provide a spacecraft or satellite with a considerable amount of adaptability with respect to its environment. It also provides a level of autonomy essential to many future missions and enhances their data gathering ability. The feasibility of an autonomous video guidance system capable of observing a planetary surface during terminal descent and selecting the most acceptable landing site was successfully demonstrated in the laboratory. The techniques developed for acquisition, pointing, and tracking show promise for recognizing and tracking coastlines, rivers, and other constituents of interest. Routines were written and checked for rendezvous, docking, and station-keeping functions.

    6. Practical guidance on undertaking a service evaluation.

      PubMed

      Moule, Pam; Armoogum, Julie; Dodd, Emily; Donskoy, Anne-Laure; Douglass, Emma; Taylor, Julie; Turton, Pat

      2016-07-01

      This article describes the basic principles of evaluation, focusing on the evaluation of healthcare services. It emphasises the importance of evaluation in the current healthcare environment and the requirement for nurses to understand the essential principles of evaluation. Evaluation is defined in contrast to audit and research, and the main theoretical approaches to evaluation are outlined, providing insights into the different types of evaluation that may be undertaken. The essential features of preparing for an evaluation are considered, and guidance provided on working ethically in the NHS. It is important to involve patients and the public in evaluation activity, offering essential guidance and principles of best practice. The authors discuss the main challenges of undertaking evaluations and offer recommendations to address these, drawing on their experience as evaluators. PMID:27380702

    7. Vibrotactile Guidance for Wayfinding of Blind Walkers.

      PubMed

      Flores, German; Kurniawan, Sri; Manduchi, Roberto; Martinson, Eric; Morales, Lourdes M; Sisbot, Emrah Akin

      2015-01-01

      We propose a vibrotactile interface in the form of a belt for guiding blind walkers. This interface enables blind walkers to receive haptic directional instructions along complex paths without negatively impacting users' ability to listen and/or perceive the environment the way some auditory directional instructions do. The belt interface was evaluated in a controlled study with 10 blind individuals and compared to the audio guidance. The experiments were videotaped and the participants' behaviors and comments were content analyzed. Completion times and deviations from ideal paths were also collected and statistically analyzed. By triangulating the quantitative and qualitative data, we found that the belt resulted in closer path following to the expense of speed. In general, the participants were positive about the use of vibrotactile belt to provide directional guidance. PMID:25781953

    8. EPA guidance mental health care of migrants.

      PubMed

      Bhugra, D; Gupta, S; Schouler-Ocak, M; Graeff-Calliess, I; Deakin, N A; Qureshi, A; Dales, J; Moussaoui, D; Kastrup, M; Tarricone, I; Till, A; Bassi, M; Carta, M

      2014-02-01

      Migration is an increasingly commonplace phenomenon for a number of reasons. People migrate from rural to urban areas or across borders for reasons including economic, educational or political. There is increasing recent research evidence from many countries in Europe that indicates that migrants are more prone to certain psychiatric disorders. Because of their experiences of migration and settling down in the new countries, they may also have special needs such as lack of linguistic abilities which must be taken into account using a number of strategies at individual, local and national policy levels. In this guidance document, we briefly present the evidence and propose that specific measures must be taken to improve and manage psychiatric disorders experienced by migrants and their descendants. This improvement requires involvement at the highest level in governments. This is a guidance document and not a systematic review. PMID:24503244

    9. Guidance for UMTRA project surveillance and maintenance

      SciTech Connect

      1986-01-01

      The Guidance for UMTRA Project Surveillance and Maintenance describes the procedures that will be used to verify that Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project disposal sites continue to function as designed. The approach of this guidance document is to identify surveillance requirements and maintenance procedures that will be used to comply with NRC license requirements. This document addresses five primary activities: Definition and characterization of final site conditions. Site inspections; Ground-water monitoring; Aerial photography; and Custodial maintenance and contingency repair. Final site conditions will be defined and characterized prior to the completion of remedial actions at a site. As-built drawings will be compiled, a final topographic survey will be performed, a vicinity map will be prepared, and ground and aerial photographs will be taken. Survey monuments, site markers, and signs will be established as will a network of monitoring wells.

    10. Peacekeeper - Guidance system flight readiness review

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Knight, D. S.; Harrington, E. V.

      The Ballistic Missile Office (BMO) has developed and employed a procedure to insure the flight readiness of a Peacekeeper guidance system. The goals of this additional review procedure (over and above acceptance testing) are to minimize the risk of the guidance system failure and/or achieving substantially less than the designed accuracy. The roles, mission and interaction of teams of personnel from seven associate contractors are discussed using flow diagrams. The paper also includes methods used to identify and resolve areas of concern as well as examples of actual concerns discovered. The scope is discused, including both the various technical disciplines involved and the lowest level of build and test areas reviewed. Resulting build and test improvements are shown.

    11. Guidance and justification in particularistic ethics.

      PubMed

      Kihlbom, U

      2000-10-01

      This paper argues that, contrary to a common line of criticism followed by scholars such as Helga Kuhse, a particularistic version of virtue ethics properly elaborated, can provide sound moral guidance and a satisfactory account for moral justification of our opinions regarding, for instance, health care practice. In the first part of the paper, three criteria for comparing normative theories with respect to action-guiding power are outlined, and it is argued that the presented particularistic version of virtue ethics actually can provide more guidance than the universalistic theories followed by Kuhse and others. In the second part of the paper it is claimed that universalist normative theories have serious problems accounting for the role that moral principles are supposed to play in the justification, of moral opinions, whereas the present version of virtue ethics accommodates a plausible alternative idea of justification without invoking moral principles or eschewing objectivity. PMID:11758585

    12. Automatic Brachytherapy Seed Placement Under MRI Guidance

      PubMed Central

      Patriciu, Alexandru; Petrisor, Doru; Muntener, Michael; Mazilu, Dumitru; Schär, Michael; Stoianovici, Dan

      2011-01-01

      The paper presents a robotic method of performing low dose rate prostate brachytherapy under magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) guidance. The design and operation of a fully automated MR compatible seed injector is presented. This is used with the MrBot robot for transperineal percutaneous prostate access. A new image-registration marker and algorithms are also presented. The system is integrated and tested with a 3T MRI scanner. Tests compare three different registration methods, assess the precision of performing automated seed deployment, and use the seeds to assess the accuracy of needle targeting under image guidance. Under the ideal conditions of the in vitro experiments, results show outstanding image-guided needle and seed placement accuracy. PMID:17694871

    13. 1999 Guidance, Navigation, and Control Highlights

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Polites, Michael E.

      1999-01-01

      This article summarizes the highlights of recent events and developments in guidance, navigation, and control in space, aircraft, and weapons. This article is about 1,200 words long. Information for the article was collected from other NASA Centers, DoD, and industry. All information was previously cleared by the originating organizations. Information for the article was also gathered from Aviation Week and Space Technology, Space News, and similar sources.

    14. Decontaminating breast pump kits: new guidance.

      PubMed

      Oxtoby, Kathy

      Various methods can be used to decontaminate breast pump milk collection kits and items related to infant feeding but they have some drawbacks and risks. In 2015, the Joint Working Group of the Healthcare Infection Society and Infection Prevention Society published guidance to support the safe decontamination of this equipment at home and in hospital. This article summarises its recommendations for health professionals to use and communicate to other groups, such as parents and carers. PMID:27400623

    15. 2000 Guidance, Navigation, and Control Highlights

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Polites, Michael E.

      2000-01-01

      This article summarizes the highlights of recent events and developments in guidance, navigation, and control in space, aircraft, and weapons. This article is about 1,200 words long. Information for the article was collected from other NASA centers, DoD, and industry. All information was previously cleared by the originating organizations. Information for the article was also gathered from Aviation Week and Space Technology, Space News, and similar sources.

    16. 75 FR 68009 - Office of New Reactors; Notice of Availability of the Final Staff Guidance Standard Review Plan...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-11-04

      ... COMMISSION Office of New Reactors; Notice of Availability of the Final Staff Guidance Standard Review Plan, Section 13.6.1, Revision 1 on Physical Security--Combined License and Operating Reactors AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). ACTION: Notice of Availability. SUMMARY: The NRC is issuing its Final Revision...

    17. 78 FR 15017 - Guidance for Industry: What You Need To Know About Administrative Detention of Foods; Small...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2013-03-08

      ... regulations in 21 CFR part 1, subpart K (76 FR 25538), that pertain to the criteria for ordering... Administrative Detention of Foods,'' (76 FR 66073, October 25, 2011). The guidance was intended to provide... February 5, 2013 (78 FR 7994), FDA issued a final rule adopting the IFR as final without changes. The...

    18. 78 FR 28228 - Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff on Best Practices for Conducting and...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2013-05-14

      ... Federal Register of February 16, 2011 (76 FR 9027), FDA issued a draft version of this guidance entitled... includes recommendations for documenting the design, analysis, and results of such studies to optimize FDA... be prescriptive with regard to choice of study design or type of analysis and does not endorse...

    19. 78 FR 48172 - Minimizing Risk for Children's Toy Laser Products; Draft Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2013-08-07

      ... specifically address children's toy laser products. FDA recently issued a proposed rule (78 FR 37723) that... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Minimizing Risk for Children's Toy Laser Products; Draft... availability of the draft guidance entitled ``Minimizing Risk for Children's Toy Laser Products.'' This...

    20. Flight evaluation of the terminal guidance system

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Sandlin, D. R.

      1981-01-01

      The terminal guidance system (TGS) is avionic equipment which gives guidance along a curved descending flight path to a landing. A Cessna 182 was used as the test aircraft and the TGS was installed and connected to the altimeter, DME, RMI, and gyro compass. Approaches were flown by three different pilots. When the aircraft arrives at the termination point, it is set up on final approach for a landing. The TGS provides guidance for curved descending approaches with guideslopes of 6 deg which required, for experienced pilots, workloads that are approximately the same as for an ILS. The glideslope is difficult to track within 1/2 n.m. of the VOR/DME station. The system permits, for experienced pilots, satisfactory approaches with a turn radius as low as 1/2 n.m. and a glideslope of 6 deg. Turn angles have little relation to pilot workload for curved approaches. Pilot experience is a factor for curved approaches. Pilots with low instrument time have difficulty flying steep approaches with small turn radius. Turbulence increases the pilot workload for curved approaches. The TGS does not correct to a given flight path over the ground nor does it adequately compensate for wind drift.

    1. Control Software for Advanced Video Guidance Sensor

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Howard, Richard T.; Book, Michael L.; Bryan, Thomas C.

      2006-01-01

      Embedded software has been developed specifically for controlling an Advanced Video Guidance Sensor (AVGS). A Video Guidance Sensor is an optoelectronic system that provides guidance for automated docking of two vehicles. Such a system includes pulsed laser diodes and a video camera, the output of which is digitized. From the positions of digitized target images and known geometric relationships, the relative position and orientation of the vehicles are computed. The present software consists of two subprograms running in two processors that are parts of the AVGS. The subprogram in the first processor receives commands from an external source, checks the commands for correctness, performs commanded non-image-data-processing control functions, and sends image data processing parts of commands to the second processor. The subprogram in the second processor processes image data as commanded. Upon power-up, the software performs basic tests of functionality, then effects a transition to a standby mode. When a command is received, the software goes into one of several operational modes (e.g. acquisition or tracking). The software then returns, to the external source, the data appropriate to the command.

    2. Aerocapture Guidance Performance for the Neptune Orbiter

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Masciarelli, James P.; Westhelle, Carlos H.; Graves, Claude A.

      2004-01-01

      A performance evaluation of the Hybrid Predictor corrector Aerocapture Scheme (HYPAS) guidance algorithm for aerocapture at Neptune is presented in this paper for a Mission to Neptune and the Neptune moon Triton'. This mission has several challenges not experienced in previous aerocapture guidance assessments. These challengers are a very high Neptune arrival speed, atmospheric exit into a high energy orbit about Neptune, and a very high ballistic coefficient that results in a low altitude acceleration capability when combined with the aeroshell LD. The evaluation includes a definition of the entry corridor, a comparison to the theoretical optimum performance, and guidance responses to variations in atmospheric density, aerodynamic coefficients and flight path angle for various vehicle configurations (ballistic numbers). The benefits of utilizing angle-of-attack modulation in addition to bank angle modulation to improve flight performance is also discussed. The results show that despite large sensitivities in apoapsis targeting, the algorithm performs within the allocated AV budget for the Neptune mission bank angle only modulation. The addition of angle-of-attack modulation with as little as 5 degrees of amplitude significantly improves the scatter in final orbit apoapsis. Although the angle-of-attack modulation complicates the vehicle design, the performance enhancement reduces aerocapture risk and reduces the propellant consumption needed to reach the high energy target orbit for a conventional propulsion system.

    3. Reliability history of the Apollo guidance computer

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Hall, E. C.

      1972-01-01

      The Apollo guidance computer was designed to provide the computation necessary for guidance, navigation and control of the command module and the lunar landing module of the Apollo spacecraft. The computer was designed using the technology of the early 1960's and the production was completed by 1969. During the development, production, and operational phase of the program, the computer has accumulated a very interesting history which is valuable for evaluating the technology, production methods, system integration, and the reliability of the hardware. The operational experience in the Apollo guidance systems includes 17 computers which flew missions and another 26 flight type computers which are still in various phases of prelaunch activity including storage, system checkout, prelaunch spacecraft checkout, etc. These computers were manufactured and maintained under very strict quality control procedures with requirements for reporting and analyzing all indications of failure. Probably no other computer or electronic equipment with equivalent complexity has been as well documented and monitored. Since it has demonstrated a unique reliability history, it is important to evaluate the techniques and methods which have contributed to the high reliability of this computer.

    4. Guidance, navigation, and control for munitions

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Ilg, Mark Dean

      The United States Army is currently looking for new methods of guiding munitions, which would allow the military to employ guided munitions in place of traditional munitions. This will give the US Army an edge on the battle field and also allow the use of munitions in areas where traditional mortars and artillery cannot be used, including dense urban environments where collateral damage is not acceptable. In this thesis, an innovative approach to Guidance, Navigation, and Control (GN&C) is developed for a spinning projectile that utilizes a single axis canard actuation system. Utilizing the projectiles spin, the controller can provide a full range of aerodynamic forces, over the 360° of rotation, that provides maneuverability using only one actuator. This technique minimizes the need for multiple actuators and maintains the inherent aerodynamic stability provided by the spin. The GN&C system design described in this thesis consists of a tracking regulator for sinusoidally oscillating the canard system, a nonlinear state estimator for attitude measurement, and a guidance law to guide the projectile to a target. By combining the three components, we can demonstrate a closed-loop guidance system that will hit a target accurately at distances normally not achieved by an unguided projectile.

    5. Precision visual guidance for agricultural applicator aircraft

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Hartt, Joseph R.; Bletzacker, Frank R.; Forgette, T. J.; Vetter, Alan A.

      1992-07-01

      The in-cockpit swath centerline identifier (SCI) for aerial applicators uses differentially corrected global positioning system (GPS) signals to determine precise ground track of an aircraft and provide guidance to the pilot for flying patterns for aerial application of materials such as pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers. Cross track distance from the swath centerline is provided by a heads up light bar display while detailed navigation, position, and status information is provided on an alphanumeric display on a panel mounted console. This system provides straight line guidance when executing a swath and turn-in guidance when proceeding from one swath to the next. It provides a record of the swaths which were sprayed and logs all of the associated navigation and operational data, including time. In addition, it provides navigation information from base to the fields, between fields, and return. The SCI eliminates the need for flaggers while providing improved accuracy of application. Reduced exposure to liability and improved quality control results as the position, altitude, time, and spray status are logged for post flight analysis. The SCI has been used in commercial agricultural applications. Demonstrations of the SCI showed better precision than anticipated.

    6. Methadone Diversion: Experiences and Issues. Services Research Monograph Series.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Inciardi, James A.

      This report is a description of the phenomenon of methadone diversion as it exists now and places it in the context of prior research in this area. The intent here is to clarify issues around methadone diversion and to provide guidance to treatment administrators and program planners regarding efforts they can initiate to monitor this significant…

    7. Education for Homeless Children and Youth Program. Title VII-B of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, As Amended by The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. Non-Regulatory Guidance.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      US Department of Education, 2004

      2004-01-01

      This revised non-regulatory guidance for the McKinney-Vento program, which replaces the March 2003 guidance, includes new questions that address the following issues: whether children awaiting foster care placement are eligible for McKinney-Vento services (Item G-10); if children displaced from their homes by a natural disaster are eligible for…

    8. Is Career Guidance for the Individual or for the Market? Implications of EU Policy for Career Guidance

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Bergmo-Prvulovic, Ingela

      2014-01-01

      This paper explores the essential understanding and underlying perspectives of career implicit in EU career guidance policy in the twenty-first century, as well as the possible implications of these for the future mission of guidance. Career theories, models and concepts that serve career guidance are shaped on the twentieth-century industrial…

    9. 76 FR 16425 - Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff; Class II Special Controls Guidance...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-03-23

      ...; Class II Special Controls Guidance Document: Ovarian Adnexal Mass Assessment Score Test System... Controls Guidance Document: Ovarian Adnexal Mass Assessment Score Test System.'' This guidance document describes a means by which the ovarian adnexal mass assessment score test system may comply with...

    10. 78 FR 12761 - Guidance for Industry: Guidance on the Labeling of Certain Uses of Lecithin Derived From Soy...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2013-02-25

      ... of May 2, 2006 (71 FR 25844), we announced the availability of a guidance entitled ``Guidance on the... Cosmetic Act; Withdrawal of Guidance AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice; withdrawal... 403(w) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act,'' dated April 2006, that was announced in...

    11. 75 FR 6209 - Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration; Guidance for the Use of Bayesian...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-02-08

      ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of the guidance entitled ``Guidance for the Use of Bayesian Statistics in Medical Device Clinical Trials.'' This guidance summarizes FDA's current thoughts on the appropriate use of Bayesian statistical methods in the design and analysis of medical device clinical...

    12. Guidance for using a pilot study: an example of research on minority children.

      PubMed

      Richardson, L A; Selby-Harrington, M L; Sorenson, J

      1993-01-01

      Sound research requires careful definition of the research problem, identification of critical variables and the sources of data for variables, design of procedures and instruments to ensure valid and reliable data, and appropriate and comprehensive data analyses. Additionally, adequate personnel, time, and budgetary resources are required. To help ensure that research addressing minority health issues meets these requirements, this article provides investigators with practical guidance for using pilot projects, not simply as small nongeneralizable studies but also as techniques to address each of these issues. The authors provide examples from real-life research, addressing the health outcomes of minority children who receive care through the Early and Periodic Screening Diagnosis. PMID:8106875

    13. Animal issues and society.

      PubMed

      Grabau, J H

      1993-05-01

      Animal use topics are sensitive issues today. Animal uses issues are often presented as black and white or 'we' are right and 'they' are wrong. This is clearly demonstrated in the available literature from most organizations. Topics presented will include: delineation of issues and concerned groups; examples of animal issues in education and agriculture; the terrorist issue; examples of animal issues/sportsman issues; examples of political and legislative impact; and examples of biomedical and toxicology animal use issues. PMID:8516774

    14. Equivalent Activities of Repulsive Axon Guidance Receptors

      PubMed Central

      Long, Hong; Yoshikawa, Shingo

      2016-01-01

      Receptors on the growth cone at the leading edge of elongating axons play critical guidance roles by recognizing cues via their extracellular domains and transducing signals via their intracellular domains, resulting in changes in direction of growth. An important concept to have emerged in the axon guidance field is the importance of repulsion as a major guidance mechanism. Given the number and variety of different repulsive receptors, it is generally thought that there are likely to be qualitative differences in the signals they transduce. However, the nature of these possible differences is unknown. By creating chimeras using the extracellular and intracellular domains of three different Drosophila repulsive receptors, Unc5, Roundabout (Robo), and Derailed (Drl) and expressing them in defined cells within the embryonic nervous system, we examined the responses elicited by their intracellular domains systematically. Surprisingly, we found no qualitative differences in growth cone response or axon growth, suggesting that, despite their highly diverged sequences, each intracellular domain elicits repulsion via a common pathway. In terms of the signaling pathway(s) used by the repulsive receptors, mutations in the guanine nucleotide exchange factor Trio strongly enhance the repulsive activity of all three intracellular domains, suggesting that repulsion by Unc5, Robo, and Drl, and perhaps repulsion in general, involves Trio activity. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT A prevailing concept that has emerged in the axon guidance field is the importance of repulsion as a guidance mechanism for steering axons to their appropriate targets. Given the number and variety of different repulsive receptors, it is generally thought that there are differences in the signals that they transduce. However, this has never been tested directly. We have used the advanced genetics of Drosophila to compare directly the outputs of different repulsive receptors. Surprisingly, we found no qualitative

    15. A neural net approach to space vehicle guidance

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Caglayan, Alper K.; Allen, Scott M.

      1990-01-01

      The space vehicle guidance problem is formulated using a neural network approach, and the appropriate neural net architecture for modeling optimum guidance trajectories is investigated. In particular, an investigation is made of the incorporation of prior knowledge about the characteristics of the optimal guidance solution into the neural network architecture. The online classification performance of the developed network is demonstrated using a synthesized network trained with a database of optimum guidance trajectories. Such a neural-network-based guidance approach can readily adapt to environment uncertainties such as those encountered by an AOTV during atmospheric maneuvers.

    16. Application of partial sliding mode in guidance problem.

      PubMed

      Shafiei, M H; Binazadeh, T

      2013-03-01

      In this paper, the problem of 3-dimensional guidance law design is considered and a new guidance law based on partial sliding mode technique is presented. The approach is based on the classification of the state variables within the guidance system dynamics with respect to their required stabilization properties. In the proposed law by using a partial sliding mode technique, only trajectories of a part of states variables are forced to reach the partial sliding surfaces and slide on them. The resulting guidance law enables the missile to intercept highly maneuvering targets within a finite interception time. Effectiveness of the proposed guidance law is demonstrated through analysis and simulations. PMID:23260528

    17. Development of guidance on applications of regulatory requirements for regulating large, contaminated equipment and large decommissioning and decontamination (D and D) components

      SciTech Connect

      Pope, R.B.; Easton, E.P.; Cook, J.R.; Boyle, R.W.

      1997-10-01

      In 1985, the International Atomic Energy Agency issued revised regulations for the safe transport of radioactive material. Significant were major changes to requirements for Low Specific Activity material and Surface Contaminated Objects. As these requirements were adopted into regulations in the US, it was recognized that guidance on how to apply these requirements to large, contaminated/activated pieces of equipment and decommissioning and decontamination objects would be needed both by the regulators and those regulated to clarify technical uncertainties and ensure implementation. Thus, the US Department of Transportation and the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, with assistance of staff from Oak Ridge National Laboratory, are preparing regulatory guidance which will present examples of acceptable methods for demonstrating compliance with the revised rules for large items. Concepts being investigated for inclusion in the pending guidance are discussed in this paper. Under current plans, the guidance will be issued for public comment before final issuance in 1997.

    18. 75 FR 17143 - Draft Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff; Medical Devices; Neurological...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-04-05

      ...) ``Class II Special Controls Guidance Document: Powered Muscle Stimulator for Rehabilitation; Draft Guidance for Industry and FDA Staff''; (9) ``Class II Special Controls Guidance Document: Powered Muscle... II Special Controls Guidance Document: Powered Muscle Stimulator for Muscle Conditioning;...

    19. Advanced Guidance and Control for Hypersonics and Space Access

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Hanson, John M.; Hall, Charles E.; Mulqueen, John A.; Jones, Robert E.

      2003-01-01

      Advanced guidance and control (AG&C) technologies are critical for meeting safety, reliability, and cost requirements for the next generation of reusable launch vehicle (RLV), whether it is fully rocket-powered or has air- breathing components. This becomes clear upon examining the number of expendable launch vehicle failures in the recent past where AG&C technologies could have saved a RLV with the same failure mode, the additional vehicle problems where t h i s technology applies, and the costs and time associated with mission design with or without all these failure issues. The state-of-the-art in guidance and control technology, as well as in computing technology, is the point where we can look to the possibility of being able to safely return a RLV in any situation where it can physically be recovered. This paper outlines reasons for AWC, current technology efforts, and the additional work needed for making this goal a reality. There are a number of approaches to AG&C that have the potential for achieving the desired goals. For some of these methods, we compare the results of tests designed to demonstrate the achievement of the goals. Tests up to now have been focused on rocket-powered vehicles; application to hypersonic air-breathers is planned. We list the test cases used to demonstrate that the desired results are achieved, briefly describe an automated test scoring method, and display results of the tests. Some of the technology components have reached the maturity level where they are ready for application to a new vehicle concept, while others are not far along in development.

    20. Clinician Attitudes Toward CDC Interim Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) Guidance and Operationalizing PrEP for Adolescents

      PubMed Central

      Lally, Michelle; Zimet, Gregory; Kahn, Jessica A.

      2015-01-01

      Abstract Prior to issuing formal HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) clinical practice guidelines in 2014, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) had released interim guidance for oral PrEP use among adults. Because oral PrEP may be used off-label for youth and may soon be indicated for minor adolescents, we examined the potential adoption of the interim guidance among clinicians who care for HIV-infected and at-risk youth. Individual, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 US clinicians who were recruited through an adolescent HIV research network. The theory-driven interview guide, consisting primarily of open-ended questions, assessed demographics, familiarity with the guidance, attitudes toward the guidance, and attitudes toward the use of the guidance for adult and adolescent patients. Transcripts were analyzed using framework analysis. Most clinicians (11/15) reported that the guidance was compatible with their practice, although several reported that some aspects, particularly frequency of follow-up visits, needed to be tailored to meet their patients' needs. We found variability in clinician reported characteristics of appropriate PrEP candidates (e.g., youth with substance use and mental health issues were noted to be both suitable and unsuitable PrEP candidates) and PrEP use in serodiscordant couples (e.g., whether PrEP would be recommended to a patient whose HIV-infected partner is virally suppressed). Clinician reported steps for initiation, monitoring, and discontinuing PrEP were largely consistent with the guidance. The observed variability in clinician practice with regard to oral PrEP may be reduced through interventions to educate clinicians about the content and rationale for guideline recommendations. PMID:25692683

    1. On the design of fuzzified trajectory shaping guidance law.

      PubMed

      Lin, Chun-Liang; Lin, Yu-Ping; Chen, Kai-Ming

      2009-04-01

      Midcourse guidance is commonly designed to save as much energy as possible so that the missile's final speed can be maximized while entering the homing stage. For this purpose, a competitive guidance design should be able to generate an admissible flight trajectory as to bring the interceptor to a superior altitude for a favorable target engagement. In this paper, a new adaptive trajectory shaping guidance scheme based on the adaptive fuzzy inference system, which is capable of generating a variety of trajectories for efficient target interception, is presented. The guidance law is developed with the aim of saving the interceptor's energy conservation while improving performance robustness. Applications of the presented approach have included a variety of mission oriented guidance, such as cruise missile guidance, anti-ballistic missile guidance, etc. PMID:19054508

    2. Re-assessment of offshore structures using the revised HSE fatigue guidance

      SciTech Connect

      Stacey, A.; Sharp, J.V.

      1995-12-31

      The re-assessment of existing North Sea structures is an increasingly important issue as the age of platforms increases. Over 50 from a total of approximately 180 fixed installations in the UK sector are now over 15 years old. Fatigue damage has been the main reason for repairs to North Sea structures and the risk of this continues. The fatigue guidance of the Offshore Safety Division of the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has recently been revised and published. Fundamental changes have been made to this guidance with several new recommendations including joint classification, basic design S-N curves for welded joints, the thickness effect, the effects of environment and the treatment of low and high stress ranges. To quantify the effects of the new guidance on the fatigue life assessment of offshore strictures, the HSE commissioned a study which included a deep water and a shallow water fixed steel structure and a twin-pontoon semi-submersible. These structures are typical of those operating in the North Sea. These were re-assessed with respect to fatigue lives and the results compared with predictions based on the 1990 guidance. The results and general conclusions are presented in this paper.

    3. 77 FR 33779 - Interim Staff Guidance JLD-ISG-2012-01; Compliance With Order EA-12-049, Order Modifying Licenses...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-06-07

      ...The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC or the Commission) is issuing the draft Japan Lessons-Learned Project Directorate Interim Staff Guidance (JLD-ISG), JLD-ISG-2012-01, ``Compliance with Order EA- 12-049, Order Modifying Licenses with Regard to Requirements for Mitigation Strategies for Beyond-Design-Basis External Events.'' This draft JLD-ISG provides guidance and clarification to......

    4. Scientific and Regulatory Policy Committee Review: Review of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Guidance on the GLP Requirements for Peer Review of Histopathology.

      PubMed

      Fikes, James D; Patrick, Daniel J; Francke, Sabine; Frazier, Kendall S; Reindel, James F; Romeike, Annette; Spaet, Robert H; Tomlinson, Lindsay; Schafer, Kenneth A

      2015-10-01

      In 2014, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) issued guidance no. 16, Guidance on the GLP Requirements for Peer Review of Histopathology. The stated purpose of the guidance document is "to provide guidance to pathologists, test facility management, study directors and quality assurance personnel on how the peer review of histopathology should be planned, managed, documented, and reported in order to meet Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) expectations and requirements." On behalf of and in collaboration with the global societies of toxicologic pathology, the Society of Toxicologic Pathology initiated a review of OECD guidance no. 16. The objectives of this review are to provide a unified interpretation of the guidance, to recommend compliant processes for organizations to implement, and to avoid inconsistent process adaptations across the industry. This review of the guidance document is the product of a global collaboration with other societies of toxicologic pathology and provides a section-by-section international consensus view and interpretation of the OECD guidance on peer review. PMID:26208968

    5. Optoelectronic Sensor System for Guidance in Docking

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Howard, Richard T.; Bryan, Thomas C.; Book, Michael L.; Jackson, John L.

      2004-01-01

      The Video Guidance Sensor (VGS) system is an optoelectronic sensor that provides automated guidance between two vehicles. In the original intended application, the two vehicles would be spacecraft docking together, but the basic principles of design and operation of the sensor are applicable to aircraft, robots, vehicles, or other objects that may be required to be aligned for docking, assembly, resupply, or precise separation. The system includes a sensor head containing a monochrome charge-coupled- device video camera and pulsed laser diodes mounted on the tracking vehicle, and passive reflective targets on the tracked vehicle. The lasers illuminate the targets, and the resulting video images of the targets are digitized. Then, from the positions of the digitized target images and known geometric relationships among the targets, the relative position and orientation of the vehicles are computed. As described thus far, the VGS system is based on the same principles as those of the system described in "Improved Video Sensor System for Guidance in Docking" (MFS-31150), NASA Tech Briefs, Vol. 21, No. 4 (April 1997), page 9a. However, the two systems differ in the details of design and operation. The VGS system is designed to operate with the target completely visible within a relative-azimuth range of +/-10.5deg and a relative-elevation range of +/-8deg. The VGS acquires and tracks the target within that field of view at any distance from 1.0 to 110 m and at any relative roll, pitch, and/or yaw angle within +/-10deg. The VGS produces sets of distance and relative-orientation data at a repetition rate of 5 Hz. The software of this system also accommodates the simultaneous operation of two sensors for redundancy

    6. Configuration management: Phase II implementation guidance

      SciTech Connect

      Not Available

      1994-03-01

      Configuration management (CM) is essential to maintaining an acceptable level of risk to the public, workers, environment, or mission success. It is a set of activities and techniques used to maintain consistency among physical and functional configuration, applicable requirements, and key documents. This document provides guidance for continuing the implementation of CM in a phased and graded manner. It describes a cost-effective approach to documented consistency with requirements, with early emphasis on items most important to safety and environmental protection. It is intended to help responsible line managers and configuration management staff personnel in meeting the Energy Systems configuration management policy standard.

    7. Environmental restoration value engineering guidance document

      SciTech Connect

      1995-07-01

      This document provides guidance on Value Engineering (VE). VE is an organized team effort led by a person trained in the methodology to analyze the functions of projects, systems, equipment, facilities, services, and processes for achieving the essential functions at the lowest life cycle cost while maintaining required performance, reliability, availability, quality, and safety. VE has proven to be a superior tool to improve up-front project planning, cut costs, and create a better value for each dollar spent. This document forms the basis for the Environmental Restoration VE Program, describes the VE process, and provides recommendations on when it can be most useful on ER projects.

    8. Video Guidance Sensor System With Integrated Rangefinding

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Book, Michael L. (Inventor); Bryan, Thomas C. (Inventor); Howard, Richard T. (Inventor); Roe, Fred Davis, Jr. (Inventor); Bell, Joseph L. (Inventor)

      2006-01-01

      A video guidance sensor system for use, p.g., in automated docking of a chase vehicle with a target vehicle. The system includes an integrated rangefinder sub-system that uses time of flight measurements to measure range. The rangefinder sub-system includes a pair of matched photodetectors for respectively detecting an output laser beam and return laser beam, a buffer memory for storing the photodetector outputs, and a digitizer connected to the buffer memory and including dual amplifiers and analog-to-digital converters. A digital signal processor processes the digitized output to produce a range measurement.

    9. Evolved Acceleration Guidance for Planetary Entry

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Mease, K. D.; Leavitt, J. A.; Ferch, M.

      The U.S. Apollo and Shuttle programs have proven the viability and effectiveness of acceleration guidance. New capabilities have been developed to augment this basic concept. Algorithms have been designed for low lift to drag ratio vehicles and for mid to high lift to drag ratio vehicles. These algorithms have been tested for Mars landing and for earth entry of reusable launch vehicles and have performed well in both cases. Also the trajectory planner has been incorporated into a landing footprint generator that is designed for on-board use.

    10. Avoiding plagiarism: guidance for nursing students.

      PubMed

      Price, Bob

      The pressures of study, diversity of source materials, past assumptions relating to good writing practice, ambiguous writing guidance on best practice and students' insecurity about their reasoning ability, can lead to plagiarism. With the use of source checking software, there is an increased chance that plagiarised work will be identified and investigated, and penalties given. In extreme cases, plagiarised work may be reported to the Nursing and Midwifery Council and professional as well as academic penalties may apply. This article provides information on how students can avoid plagiarism when preparing their coursework for submission. PMID:24568425

    11. Fuzzy logic and guidance algorithm design

      SciTech Connect

      Leng, G.

      1994-12-31

      This paper explores the use of fuzzy logic for the design of a terminal guidance algorithm for an air to surface missile against a stationary target. The design objectives are (1) a smooth transition, at lock-on, (2) large impact angles and (3) self-limiting acceleration commands. The method of reverse kinematics is used in the design of the membership functions and the rule base. Simulation results for a Mach 0.8 missile with a 6g acceleration limit are compared with a traditional proportional navigation scheme.

    12. Analysis of Regulatory Guidance for Health Monitoring

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Munns, Thomas E.; Beard, Richard E.; Culp, Aubrey M.; Murphy, Dennis A.; Kent, Renee M.; Cooper, Eric G. (Technical Monitor)

      2000-01-01

      The purpose of this study was to assess the connection between current FAA regulations and the incorporation of Health Management (HM) systems into commercial aircraft. To address the overall objectives ARINC: (1) investigated FAA regulatory guidance, (2) investigated airline maintenance practices, (3) systematically identified regulations and practices that would be affected or could act as barriers to the introduction of HM technology, and (4) assessed regulatory and operational tradeoffs that should be considered for implementation. The assessment procedure was validated on a postulated structural HM capability for the B757 horizontal stabilizer.

    13. Spacecraft Guidance, Navigation, and Control Visualization Tool

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Mandic, Milan; Acikmese, Behcet; Blackmore, Lars

      2011-01-01

      G-View is a 3D visualization tool for supporting spacecraft guidance, navigation, and control (GN&C) simulations relevant to small-body exploration and sampling (see figure). The tool is developed in MATLAB using Virtual Reality Toolbox and provides users with the ability to visualize the behavior of their simulations, regardless of which programming language (or machine) is used to generate simulation results. The only requirement is that multi-body simulation data is generated and placed in the proper format before applying G-View.

    14. Asbestos/NESHAP adequately wet guidance

      SciTech Connect

      Shafer, R.; Throwe, S.; Salgado, O.; Garlow, C.; Hoerath, E.

      1990-12-01

      The Asbestos NESHAP requires facility owners and/or operators involved in demolition and renovation activities to control emissions of particulate asbestos to the outside air because no safe concentration of airborne asbestos has ever been established. The primary method used to control asbestos emissions is to adequately wet the Asbestos Containing Material (ACM) with a wetting agent prior to, during and after demolition/renovation activities. The purpose of the document is to provide guidance to asbestos inspectors and the regulated community on how to determine if friable ACM is adequately wet as required by the Asbestos NESHAP.

    15. Guidance document for revision of DOE Order 5820.2A, Radioactive Waste Technical Support Program. Revision 1

      SciTech Connect

      Kudera, D.E.; McMurtrey, C.D.; Meagher, B.G.

      1993-04-01

      This document provides guidance for the revision of DOE Order 5820.2A, ``Radioactive Waste Management.`` Technical Working Groups have been established and are responsible for writing the revised order. The Technical Working Groups will use this document as a reference for polices and procedures that have been established for the revision process. The overall intent of this guidance is to outline how the order will be revised and how the revision process will be managed. In addition, this document outlines technical issues considered for inclusion by a Department of Energy Steering Committee.

    16. Video-Guidance Design for the DART Rendezvous Mission

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Ruth, Michael; Tracy, Chisholm

      2004-01-01

      NASA's Demonstration of Autonomous Rendezvous Technology (DART) mission will validate a number of different guidance technologies, including state-differenced GPS transfers and close-approach video guidance. The video guidance for DART will employ NASA/Marshall s Advanced Video Guidance Sensor (AVGS). This paper focuses on the terminal phase of the DART mission that includes close-approach maneuvers under AVGS guidance. The closed-loop video guidance design for DART is driven by a number of competing requirements, including a need for maximizing tracking bandwidths while coping with measurement noise and the need to minimize RCS firings. A range of different strategies for attitude control and docking guidance have been considered for the DART mission, and design decisions are driven by a goal of minimizing both the design complexity and the effects of video guidance lags. The DART design employs an indirect docking approach, in which the guidance position targets are defined using relative attitude information. Flight simulation results have proven the effectiveness of the video guidance design.

    17. Comparison of US. Military and International Electromagnetic Compatibility Guidance. Final report

      SciTech Connect

      Ewing, P. D.; Wood, R. T.; Antonescu, C. E.

      2003-08-31

      The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been engaged by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research to assist in developing the technical basis for regulatory guidance on electromagnetic interference (EMI) and radio-frequency interference (RFI) immunity and power surge withstand capability (SWC). Previous research has provided recommendations on electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) design and installation practices, endorsement of EMII/RFI immunity and SWC test criteria and test methods, and determination of ambient electromagnetic conditions at nuclear power plants. These recommendations have been incorporated into the technical basis for guidance in addressing EMI/RFI and power surges in safety-related instrumentation and control (I&C) systems in nuclear power plants. The recommendations by the ORNL staff on test criteria, test methods, and operating envelopes were significantly influenced by the military standards issued by the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD). That is the case because until recently there were no comprehensive commercial standards that covered EMI/RFI immunity. The present research involves reviewing and assessing the commercial standards issued by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and endorsed by the European Union in the last few years. This document reports the results of a study performed by the ORNL staff comparing Regulatory Guide 1.180, the U.S. military standards, and international EMC guidance.

    18. Update: Interim Guidance for Prevention of Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus - United States, July 2016.

      PubMed

      Brooks, John T; Friedman, Allison; Kachur, Rachel E; LaFlam, Michael; Peters, Philip J; Jamieson, Denise J

      2016-01-01

      Zika virus has been identified as a cause of congenital microcephaly and other serious brain defects (1). CDC issued interim guidance for the prevention of sexual transmission of Zika virus on February 5, 2016, with an initial update on April 1, 2016 (2). The following recommendations apply to all men and women who have traveled to or reside in areas with active Zika virus transmission* and their sex partners. The recommendations in this report replace those previously issued and are now updated to reduce the risk for sexual transmission of Zika virus from both men and women to their sex partners. This guidance defines potential sexual exposure to Zika virus as having had sex with a person who has traveled to or lives in an area with active Zika virus transmission when the sexual contact did not include a barrier to protect against infection. Such barriers include male or female condoms for vaginal or anal sex and other barriers for oral sex.(†) Sexual exposure includes vaginal sex, anal sex, oral sex, or other activities that might expose a sex partner to genital secretions.(§) This guidance will be updated as more information becomes available. PMID:27466758

    19. The Existential Dimension in Training and Vocational Guidance--When Guidance Counselling Becomes a Philosophical Practice

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Hansen, Finn Thorbjorn

      2005-01-01

      With the individualisation and multiculturalisation of the world of education and training and the world of work, a new need has arisen to develop a more value-based and existentially oriented approach to guidance theory and vocational training courses. The pluralisation of ways of life and the late-modern confrontation with the authorities have…

    20. Mental health promotion: guidance and strategies.

      PubMed

      Kalra, G; Christodoulou, G; Jenkins, R; Tsipas, V; Christodoulou, N; Lecic-Tosevski, D; Mezzich, J; Bhugra, D

      2012-02-01

      Public mental health incorporates a number of strategies from mental well-being promotion to primary prevention and other forms of prevention. There is considerable evidence in the literature to suggest that early interventions and public education can work well for reducing psychiatric morbidity and resulting burden of disease. Educational strategies need to focus on individual, societal and environmental aspects. Targeted interventions at individuals will also need to focus on the whole population. A nested approach with the individual at the heart of it surrounded by family surrounded by society at large is the most suitable way to approach this. This Guidance should be read along with the European Psychiatric Association (EPA) Guidance on Prevention. Those at risk of developing psychiatric disorders also require adequate interventions as well as those who may have already developed illness. However, on the model of triage, mental health and well-being promotion need to be prioritized to ensure that, with the limited resources available, these activities do not get forgotten. One possibility is to have separate programmes for addressing concerns of a particular population group, another that is relevant for the broader general population. Mental health promotion as a concept is important and this will allow prevention of some psychiatric disorders and, by improving coping strategies, is likely to reduce the burden and stress induced by mental illness. PMID:22197146

    1. Mechanosensitivity in axon growth and guidance

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Urbach, Jeff

      2013-03-01

      In the developing nervous system, axons respond to a diverse array of cues to generate the intricate connection network required for proper function. The growth cone, a highly motile structure at the tip of a growing axon, integrates information about the local environment and modulates outgrowth and guidance, but little is known about effects of external mechanical cues and internal mechanical forces on growth cone behavior. We have investigated axon outgrowth and force generation on soft elastic substrates for dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons (from the peripheral nervous system) and hippocampal neurons (from the central) to see how the mechanics of the microenvironment affect different populations. We find that force generation and stiffness-dependent outgrowth are strongly dependent on cell type. We also observe very different internal dynamics and substrate coupling in the two populations, suggesting that the difference in force generation is due to stronger adhesions and therefore stronger substrate engagement in the peripheral nervous system neurons. We will discuss the biological origins of these differences, and recent analyses of the dynamic aspects of growth cone force generation and the implications for the role of mechanosensitivity in axon guidance. In collaboration with D. Koch, W. Rosoff, and H. M. Geller. Supported by NINDS grant 1R01NS064250-01 (J.S.U.) and the NHLBI Intramural Research Program (H.M.G.).

    2. Industrial-user-permitting guidance manual

      SciTech Connect

      Not Available

      1989-09-01

      The manual provides publicly-owned treatment works (POTWs) with guidance on the development and issuance of effective industrial user permits. The manual addresses and expands upon minimum requirements and provides guidance on how to establish a permit program, procedures for permit issuance, procedures for writing a permit, and requirements for waste haulers. It is intended to assist new permit writers, experienced permit writers, and legal and administrative personnel who are involved in the implementation of an industrial user permitting program in preparing effective and enforceable industrial user permits. It provides documentation of EPA's recommendations for industrial user permit contents/structure. It contains many examples of sections and conditions of a permit, as well as complete sample permits and fact sheets. It also contains background info on requirements of the issuance process and discusses the necessary legal authority required to implement an effective program. Appendix A: Bibliography; Appendix B: List of State/Regional Pretreatment Coordinators; Appendix C: Glossary of Terms; Appendix D: Sample Sewer Use Ordinance Provisions for Permits; Appendix E: Sample Permit Application Form; Appendix F: Sample IU Permit; Appendix G: Sample Standard Conditions for Permits; Appendix H: IU Management Practices; Appendix I: Fact Sheet: Appendix J: Sample Waste Hauler Permit.

    3. microRNAs in axon guidance

      PubMed Central

      Iyer, Archana N.; Bellon, Anaïs; Baudet, Marie-Laure

      2014-01-01

      Brain wiring is a highly intricate process in which trillions of neuronal connections are established. Its initial phase is particularly crucial in establishing the general framework of neuronal circuits. During this early step, differentiating neurons extend axons, which reach their target by navigating through a complex environment with extreme precision. Research in the past 20 years has unraveled a vast and complex array of chemotropic cues that guide the leading tip of axons, the growth cone, throughout its journey. Tight regulation of these cues, and of their receptors and signaling pathways, is necessary for the high degree of accuracy required during circuit formation. However, little is known about the nature of regulatory molecules or mechanisms fine-tuning axonal cue response. Here we review recent, and somewhat fragmented, research on the possibility that microRNAs (miRNAs) could be key fine-tuning regulatory molecules in axon guidance. miRNAs appear to shape long-range axon guidance, fasciculation and targeting. We also present several lines of evidence suggesting that miRNAs could have a compartmentalized and differential action at the cell soma, and within axons and growth cones. PMID:24672429

    4. Addressing the human factors issues associated with control room modifications

      SciTech Connect

      O`Hara, J.; Stubler, W.; Kramer, J.

      1998-03-01

      Advanced human-system interface (HSI) technology is being integrated into existing nuclear plants as part of plant modifications and upgrades. The result of this trend is that hybrid HSIs are created, i.e., HSIs containing a mixture of conventional (analog) and advanced (digital) technology. The purpose of the present research is to define the potential effects of hybrid HSIs on personnel performance and plant safety and to develop human factors guidance for safety reviews of them where necessary. In support of this objective, human factors issues associated with hybrid HSIs were identified. The issues were evaluated for their potential significance to plant safety, i.e., their human performance concerns have the potential to compromise plant safety. The issues were then prioritized and a subset was selected for design review guidance development.

    5. [Ethical issues and countermeasures in AIDS prevention].

      PubMed

      Wang, Jie; Teng, Fei

      2013-08-01

      With the rapid spread of AIDS, the ethical issues of its prevention is intensify more and more, it mainly reflected in the four areas such as discrimination of disease and moral panic, individual rights and public health, privacy and right to know, social responsibility and behavior guidance. To resolve these ethical conflicts and safeguard legitimate rights of AIDS patients, we must adhere to love and tolerance, favorable and fair, the principles of autonomy and coordination, thus promoting AIDS prevention, maintaining social ethics and justice, equal and harmonious reconstruction of the ethical relationship. PMID:24228550

    6. 76 FR 72005 - NUREG-1556, Volume 2, Revision 1, “Consolidated Guidance About Materials Licenses Program...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-11-21

      ...-Specific Guidance About Industrial Radiography Licenses;'' Draft Guidance for Comment AGENCY: Nuclear... Regulatory Commission (NRC) is revising its licensing guidance for industrial radiography licensees. The NRC... Guidance About Materials Licenses: Program- Specific Guidance About Industrial Radiography Licenses,...

    7. A Plan for Advanced Guidance and Control Technology for 2nd Generation Reusable Launch Vehicles

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Hanson, John M.; Fogle, Frank (Technical Monitor)

      2002-01-01

      Advanced guidance and control (AG&C) technologies are critical for meeting safety/reliability and cost requirements for the next generation of reusable launch vehicle (RLV). This becomes clear upon examining the number of expendable launch vehicle failures in the recent past where AG&C technologies would have saved a RLV with the same failure mode, the additional vehicle problems where this technology applies, and the costs associated with mission design with or without all these failure issues. The state-of-the-art in guidance and control technology, as well as in computing technology, is at the point where we can took to the possibility of being able to safely return a RLV in any situation where it can physically be recovered. This paper outlines reasons for AG&C, current technology efforts, and the additional work needed for making this goal a reality.

    8. Guidance and control of HOPE (H-II orbiting plane)

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Mineno, Hitoshi; Suzuki, Takahiro; Takizawa, Yoshisada

      The National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) has been studying HOPE. Guidance and control technology is one of the most critical technologies to realize HOPE. Studies on guidance and control of HOPE have been done focused on system design and management, navigation, guidance and control, and onboard equipment. The reference configuration and the algorithm of guidance and control system are almost fixed by navigation analyses. We show that the flight path of HOPE can be realized by guidance analyses. A trial model of GCC (Guidance Control Computer), GPSR (GPS Receiver) and MLS (Microwave Landing System) receiver are currently being developed. Several experiments are planned. The MLS flight experiment is explained by an example.

    9. Simplified interplanetary guidance procedures using onboard optical measurements

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Hamer, H. A.; Johnson, K. G.

      1972-01-01

      Simplified guidance procedures have been developed which are based on preflight determination of the characteristics of perturbed trajectories. The results are devoted primarily to planetary approach guidance; however, some considerations for midcourse guidance are included. The methods are studied for an Earth-to-Mars trajectory but would be applicable to Grand Tour and other types of missions. Generally requiring only a single onboard optical angular measurement, the approach procedure predicts guidance corrections for the control of periapsis radius as well as orbital plane orientation. An error analysis has shown that the periapsis radius at Mars can be controlled to a 1 sigma accuracy of about 20 km if the guidance is performed 1/2 day before periapsis passage. If the guidance is performed at the Martian sphere of influence (2.2 days before periapsis), the error doubles because of the increased effect of measurement and maneuvering errors.

    10. Movement Strategy Discovery during Training via Haptic Guidance.

      PubMed

      Gibo, Tricia L; Abbink, David A

      2016-01-01

      Haptic guidance has previously been investigated to facilitate motor skill training, whereupon a robotic device assists a trainee in executing the desired movement. However, many studies have reported a null or even detrimental effect of haptic guidance on training compared to unassisted practice. While prior studies have focused on using haptic guidance to refine a movement strategy, our study explores its effect on the discovery of a new strategy. Subjects learned to manipulate a virtual under-actuated system via a haptic device either with or without haptic guidance (and without haptic feedback of system dynamics). The guidance enabled subjects to experience a range of successful movements, rather than strictly enforcing one trajectory. Subjects who trained with guidance adopted a strategy that involved faster reaches, required greater control of the system's degrees of freedom, and increased the potential for faster task completion. However, overall improvement of task performance was limited with the new strategy. PMID:26766379

    11. Career Guidance for Learning-Disabled Youth

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Chen, Charles P.; Chan, Janice

      2014-01-01

      Learning disabilities (LDs) describe a number of disorders that affect the way information is acquired, retained, organized, and understood. This article aims to address the critical issue of improving the career well-being of LD youth. It first examines several critical issues that affect LD high school students/youth in their career development.…

    12. 76 FR 75781 - Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities Issued at a Premium

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-12-05

      ... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 RIN 1545-BK46 Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities Issued at a... document contains temporary regulations that provide guidance on the tax treatment of Treasury Inflation... INFORMATION: Background Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities (TIPS) are securities issued by the...

    13. 76 FR 75829 - Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities Issued at a Premium

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-12-05

      ... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 RIN 1545-BK45 Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities Issued at a... guidance on the tax treatment of Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities issued with more than a de minimis... the coupon bond method described in Sec. 1.1275-7(d) applies to Treasury...

    14. 48 CFR 732.406-70 - Agency-issued letters of credit.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-10-01

      ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Agency-issued letters of credit. 732.406-70 Section 732.406-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL... letters of credit. This subsection provides guidance on use of USAID issued letters of credit (LOC)...

    15. Vision based guidance and flight control in problems of aerial tracking

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Stepanyan, Vahram

      The use of visual sensors in providing the necessary information for the autonomous guidance and navigation of the unmanned-air vehicles (UAV) or micro-air vehicles (MAV) applications is inspired by biological systems and is motivated first of all by the reduction of the navigational sensor cost. Also, visual sensors can be more advantageous in military operations since they are difficult to detect. However, the design of a reliable guidance, navigation and control system for aerial vehicles based only on visual information has many unsolved problems, ranging from hardware/software development to pure control-theoretical issues, which are even more complicated when applied to the tracking of maneuvering unknown targets. This dissertation describes guidance law design and implementation algorithms for autonomous tracking of a flying target, when the information about the target's current position is obtained via a monocular camera mounted on the tracking UAV (follower). The visual information is related to the target's relative position in the follower's body frame via the target's apparent size, which is assumed to be constant, but otherwise unknown to the follower. The formulation of the relative dynamics in the inertial frame requires the knowledge of the follower's orientation angles, which are assumed to be known. No information is assumed to be available about the target's dynamics. The follower's objective is to maintain a desired relative position irrespective of the target's motion. Two types of guidance laws are designed and implemented in the dissertation. The first one is a smooth guidance law that guarantees asymptotic tracking of a target, the velocity of which is viewed as a time-varying disturbance, the change in magnitude of which has a bounded integral. The second one is a smooth approximation of a discontinuous guidance law that guarantees bounded tracking with adjustable bounds when the target's acceleration is viewed as a bounded but otherwise

    16. Changing Concepts of Childrearing, 1920s - 1950s: Parental Research, Parental Guidance, Social Issues.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Borstelmann, L. J.

      This paper from the 1976 Southeastern Conference on Human Development is an overview of the attitudes that have influenced the research and writings on childrearing form 1920 to 1950. The content of articles in popular periodicals on infants and child care for mothers is reviewed in relation to the themes and scientific movements of the period.…

    17. Computerized adaptive control weld skate with CCTV weld guidance project

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Wall, W. A.

      1976-01-01

      This report summarizes progress of the automatic computerized weld skate development portion of the Computerized Weld Skate with Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) Arc Guidance Project. The main goal of the project is to develop an automatic welding skate demonstration model equipped with CCTV weld guidance. The three main goals of the overall project are to: (1) develop a demonstration model computerized weld skate system, (2) develop a demonstration model automatic CCTV guidance system, and (3) integrate the two systems into a demonstration model of computerized weld skate with CCTV weld guidance for welding contoured parts.

    18. 78 FR 78963 - Issuance of Final Guidance Publication

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2013-12-27

      ...: ``Protecting the Nanotechnology Workforce: NIOSH Nanotechnology Research and Guidance Strategic Plan 2013-2016... INFORMATION CONTACT: Charles Geraci, NIOSH Nanotechnology Research Center, Education and Information...

    19. Integrating mechanisms of visual guidance in naturalistic language production.

      PubMed

      Coco, Moreno I; Keller, Frank

      2015-05-01

      Situated language production requires the integration of visual attention and linguistic processing. Previous work has not conclusively disentangled the role of perceptual scene information and structural sentence information in guiding visual attention. In this paper, we present an eye-tracking study that demonstrates that three types of guidance, perceptual, conceptual, and structural, interact to control visual attention. In a cued language production experiment, we manipulate perceptual (scene clutter) and conceptual guidance (cue animacy) and measure structural guidance (syntactic complexity of the utterance). Analysis of the time course of language production, before and during speech, reveals that all three forms of guidance affect the complexity of visual responses, quantified in terms of the entropy of attentional landscapes and the turbulence of scan patterns, especially during speech. We find that perceptual and conceptual guidance mediate the distribution of attention in the scene, whereas structural guidance closely relates to scan pattern complexity. Furthermore, the eye-voice span of the cued object and its perceptual competitor are similar; its latency mediated by both perceptual and structural guidance. These results rule out a strict interpretation of structural guidance as the single dominant form of visual guidance in situated language production. Rather, the phase of the task and the associated demands of cross-modal cognitive processing determine the mechanisms that guide attention. PMID:25417005

    20. 32 CFR 2001.16 - Fundamental classification guidance review.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-07-01

      ... a minimum, the fundamental classification guidance review shall focus on: (1) Evaluation of content... recent classification decisions that focuses on ensuring that classification decisions reflect the...