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1

Critical Issues Facing School Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to further extend research initially conducted in 2003 pertaining to the critical issues K-12 principals address on a daily basis. The study involved surveying school principals within the state of Mississippi to discover the critical issues they identified, the significance level of these issues, and the rationale…

Styron, Ronald A., Jr.; Styron, Jennifer L.

2011-01-01

2

Workforce Issues Facing HRD.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These four papers are from a symposium facilitated by Eugene Andette on work force issues facing human resources development (HRD) at the 1995 Academy of Human Resource Development conference. "Meaning Construction and Personal Transformation: Alternative Dimensions of Job Loss" (Terri A. Deems) reports a study conducted to explore the ways…

1995

3

Advocacy Groups Deliver Guidelines for Schools Facing Sexual-Orientation Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Groups that often find themselves on opposing sides of the cultural war over gay rights have bridged their divide to draft consensus guidelines designed to help public schools address sexual-orientation issues with sensitivity and respect. Representatives from the Christian Educators Association International and the Gay, Lesbian and Straight…

Curriculum Review, 2006

2006-01-01

4

Critical Issues Facing School Leaders Concerning Data-­Informed Decision-Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School systems have access to more data than ever before, but most teachers and school leaders lack the skills to use the data for student and school improvement. Current attempts to use data have lacked depth and have been more focused on accountability and meeting state and federal requirements than on systematically investigating the factors…

Murray, John

2014-01-01

5

Afterschool in Action: How Innovative Afterschool Programs Address Critical Issues Facing Middle School Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last four years, the Afterschool Alliance and MetLife Foundation have worked together to identify exemplary, and often lesser-known afterschool programs across the nation. For the past two years, efforts have focused on finding innovative afterschool programs serving middle school students. This focus was developed to address the need for…

Afterschool Alliance, 2012

2012-01-01

6

High School's New Face  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No longer limited to the classroom, educators move to close the gap between school and the real world. Transforming high schools has been likened to turning an ocean liner around: It involves slow progress seemingly measured in inches, rather than yards or miles. This report discusses how educators move to close to gap between school and the real…

Furger, Roberta

2004-01-01

7

There Are No Children Here: The Case of an Inner-City School Addressing Issues Facing Children and Families Living in Poverty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case is based on real-life experiences of community school members within Horner School--an inner-city public school. Specifically, the case explores challenges faced by Cathleen, a 1st-year, White, female principal, who was hired by central office to "revamp a charter school" to promote a quality education for all children. The case raises…

Sallee, Mariel; Boske, Christa

2013-01-01

8

Future Schools: Blending Face-to-Face and Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Hybrid schools" are schools that combine "face-to-face" education in a specific place with online instruction. In this article, the authors describe school models which offer a vision for what deeply integrated technology can mean for children's education, for the way schools are structured, and for the promise of greater efficiency amid a…

Schorr, Jonathan; McGriff, Deborah

2012-01-01

9

Facing Up to the Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Major long-term issues that will have to be addressed by the president and Congress are discussed. These include the changing American family, America's growing international debt, changing trends in agribusiness, industrial policy, and nuclear weapons and strategic deterrence. (RM)

Wakefield, Rowan; And Others

1984-01-01

10

School Based Management: An Analysis of Special Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book discusses seven of the many major issues that schools and school districts face in adopting school-based management (SBM). Chapter 1 presents the rationale for SBM, and chapter 2 describes governance issues. It concludes that SBM does not threaten school-board sovereignty if SBM is properly structured and if the board does its job…

Neal, Richard G.

11

N.D. Schools Struggle with Enrollment Declines. First in a Two-Part Look at Issues Facing Rural Schools in the West and Midwest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many school districts in sparsely populated areas of the Midwest and West are contending with dwindling enrollments. Nevertheless, small communities such as Robinson, North Dakota, are resisting pressure from the state and neighboring districts to merge with other school systems. A graph depicts North Dakota enrollment since 1963. Arguments for…

Manzo, Kathleen Kennedy

1999-01-01

12

SOME GENERAL ISSUES AND CHALLENGES FACING STATISTICS  

Microsoft Academic Search

committal title. (I had, in fact, given a totally non-committal abstract, as you'll see if you look in your program.) But I had not quite done it properly because, while I will talk about some general challenges, I really want to talk about one particular challenge which is facing up to the issue of causality in statistics.. In a sense,

David Cox

13

Eye and Face Protection in School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Choosing what eye and face protection to provide for the high school science laboratory is often a challenge. Science teachers and school administrators may not fully understand the relevant safety regulations and standards or be able to correctly identify the various types of eye protection devices. Although some schools have received training…

Kaufman, Jim

2006-01-01

14

Issues Facing Pharmacy Leaders in 2013  

PubMed Central

The Director’s Forum provides directors of pharmacy practical ways to develop patient-centered pharmacy services. Pharmacy directors must understand the key issues facing their departments and incorporate strategies for these issues as part of their strategic planning process. Health care reform and the Affordable Care Act require that departments operate efficiently and closely monitor their drug expense. The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists’ Pharmacy Practice Model Initiative will serve as a valuable resource during 2013 to enhance the pharmacy practice model. By using their health care workforce, particularly pharmacy technicians, in an innovative way, pharmacy directors will allow the pharmacists to increase their clinical activity. By promoting the role of the hospital pharmacist to patients, directors will help to improve patients’ understanding of their medications and increase their satisfaction with their care. Finally by changing the activities of pharmacy students in practice models, the patient care role of the pharmacist can be expanded. Through a greater understanding of the issues facing them and their effect on the operations of the pharmacy, pharmacy directors will learn effective ways to develop patient-centered pharmacy services. PMID:24421500

O’Connor, Michael; Weber, Robert J.

2013-01-01

15

Charter Schools' Discipline Policies Face Scrutiny  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the number of charter schools continues to grow, one facet of their autonomy--the ability to set and enforce independent disciplinary standards--has raised difficult questions about whether those schools are pushing out students who pose behavior or academic challenges and how their policies affect regular public schools. Research on the issue

Zubrzycki, Jaclyn; Cavanagh, Sean; McNeil, Michele

2013-01-01

16

Ensuring Every Child Matters: Issues and Implications for School Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers the challenges and issues facing school leaders in the implementation of Every Child Matters. It outlines the factors that contribute to the effective delivery of Every Child Matters and outlines some of the barriers that make the delivery of this agenda more difficult. The article concludes that school leaders play a…

Harris, Alma; Allen, Tracey

2009-01-01

17

Schools Facing the Expiration of Windows XP  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Microsoft's plans to end support for Windows XP, believed to be the dominant computer operating system in K-12 education, could pose big technological and financial challenges for districts nationwide--issues that many school systems have yet to confront. The giant software company has made it clear for years that it plans to stop supporting XP…

Cavanagh, Sean

2013-01-01

18

Issues Facing Urban Agriscience Teachers: A Delphi Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This national study used the Delphi technique to identify the issues facing urban agriscience teachers. The first round of the study used a questionnaire with one open-ended question to generate responses from the expert panel. In the second round, respondents were asked to rate their level of agreement with 72 issues identified in round one using…

Warner, Wendy J.; Washburn, Shannon G.

2009-01-01

19

Critical Issues Children Face in the 2000s  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children will face many critical issues in the 21st century. Unfortunately, most of these issues are not new and have remained the same from previous years. Millions of children lack safe, affordable, quality child care and early childhood education while their parents work. Seven and one-half million children are at home alone without…

Crockett, Deborah

2003-01-01

20

Attitudes of Middle School Students: Learning Online Compared to Face to Face  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education in an online setting is an increasingly popular method of instruction. Previous studies comparing college or high school student performance in online and face-to-face courses found, in most cases, similar achievement between conditions. However, research is lacking regarding middle school students' academic performance and attitudes…

Edwards, Clayton; Rule, Audrey

2013-01-01

21

Civil Rights Issues Facing Asian Americans in the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1989, the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights held a series of roundtable conferences to learn about the civil rights concerns of Asian Americans within their communities. Using information gathered at these conferences as a point of departure, the Commission undertook this study of the wide-ranging civil rights issues facing Asian Americans in the…

Chun, Ki-Taek; Zalokar, Nadja

22

China's Urban Transportation System: Issues and Policies Facing Cities  

E-print Network

China's Urban Transportation System: Issues and Policies Facing Cities Chris Cherry WORKING PAPER UCB-ITS-VWP-2005-4 August 2005 #12;1 1. Introduction China is the most populous country in the world are on the forefront of the political and academic agenda in China and throughout the world. China has experienced

California at Berkeley, University of

23

Review of Issues Facing Congress. News from Capitol Hill.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses various topics that have faced the 107th U.S. Congress, such as tax cuts, judicial appointments, domestic issues, patients' bill of rights, stem cell research, election law, and campaign finance reform. Includes information on U.S. Senate and federal judicial appointments. Provides ideas for student learning activities. (CMK)

Heinz, Ann Simeo

2001-01-01

24

Cultural Issues in Comprehensive School Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the complex educational and social conditions facing African American males in public schools, highlighting the effectiveness of comprehensive school reform to overcome barriers to these students' learning (e.g, concentrated poverty, drug use, and violence). Discusses the importance of cultural relevance and teacher-student cultural…

Cooper, Robert; Jordan, Will J.

2003-01-01

25

Issues in School Finance. A Discussion Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this document, the author identifies the principal issues in school finance that need to be confronted and resolved. The text proposes no answers; but, rather, stimulates broad discussion and understanding of the issues as a first step toward consensus on an appropriate federal role. The author examines traditional sources of school funds and…

Marland, S. P., Jr.

26

Virtual Schools. Trends and Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article looks at a rapidly growing form of distance education: virtual schools. Also known as cyber schools, these Internet-based programs enroll fewer than 50,000 students nationwide, but more and more companies are entering this market. Some examples of these virtual schools are the Willoway CyberSchool, which was founded by a former…

Hadderman, Margaret

27

Contract Schools. Trends and Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines contract schools and their influence on U.S. education. Schools that are contracted out may be viewed as a privatization development that both parallels and builds upon the charter-school movement. They can be defined as publicly funded schools operated by an independent group of teachers and administrators under a contract…

Hadderman, Margaret

28

Religion and the Schools: Emerging Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication offers a brief review of religion and school issues that emerged in U.S. courts in 1999. Included are prayer in public schools; teacher's free exercise rights limited by establishment clause; impermissible student lessons and activities; teaching of evolution/creation science; volunteer clergy counselors in the schools; aid to…

Worona, Jay

29

Evolving Internship Issues in School Psychology Preparation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current issues relevant to school psychology internships are reviewed. The movement toward professional competencies and behavioral benchmarks as they relate to school psychology internships is discussed, with a concentration on American Psychological Association and National Association of School Psychologists standards. Given the emphasis on…

Phelps, LeAdelle; Swerdlik, Mark E.

2011-01-01

30

Schools Wrestle with Issue of Armed Guards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the March 21, 2005, shootings at Red Lake High School that brought to light an issue of whether school security personnel should be armed. Among the what-ifs being asked after the shootings at Red Lake High is one with uncomfortable implications for many school leaders: What if the two security guards posted near the…

Trotter, Andrew

2005-01-01

31

Cyberbullying: A Review of the Legal Issues Facing Educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

School districts are often given the challenging task of addressing problematic online behaviors committed by students while simultaneously protecting themselves from civil liability by not overstepping their authority. This is difficult, because the law concerning these behaviors is ambiguous and continuously evolving, and little consensus has yet been reached regarding key constitutional and civil rights issues. In the present article,

Sameer Hinduja; Justin W. Patchin

2011-01-01

32

School Closings Policy. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nation's largest school districts have increasingly turned to building closures to address budget deficits, demographic shifts, and the movement of students to charter schools. Over the past decade, 70 large or mid-sized cities closed schools--averaging 11 buildings per closure. This trend shows no signs of slowing. Washington, D.C.…

Research For Action, 2013

2013-01-01

33

Accountability Issues in School Violence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines various reasons that would account for school violence and considers ways educators can help eliminate violence from schools. The negative impact of violence in the media and easy access to guns are mentioned as probable causes of violence in youth. Students who do not feel part of the school community often resort to violence…

Al-Bataineh, Adel T.

34

Challenges Facing Rural Schools: Implications for Gifted Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we discuss the implications for gifted students of challenges facing rural schools. We explore 4 challenges with particular relevance to rural schools: (a) declining population, (b) persistent poverty, (c) changing demographics, and (d) ongoing accountability requirements. Recommendations positioned to address these challenges…

Howley, Aimee; Rhodes, Megan; Beall, Jimmie

2009-01-01

35

Districts Face Painful Cuts as School Year Begins  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As students around the country begin the 2011-2012 school year, many of them will be returning to districts that have been forced to restructure their operations in the face of budget cuts. Leaders of those school systems have sought to avoid cuts that they believe would weaken instruction. But they also believe the reductions will put a strain on…

Cavanagh, Sean

2011-01-01

36

Challenges School Principals Facing in the Context of Technology Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to determine the challenges school principals facing in the context of technology leadership. This is a qualitative case study guided by the National Educational Technology Standards for Administrators (NETS*A). Six elementary school principals working in a large city in southeastern Turkey participated into the study.…

Sincar, Mehmet

2013-01-01

37

School Finance Reform. At Issue  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Californians are very concerned about funding for their K-12 public schools. They consistently say that K-12 education should be protected from spending cuts over and above any other area of the state budget. California's system of school finance is in trouble. Many studies have found it to be inequitable, with wide variation in per-pupil funding.…

Weston, Margaret

2010-01-01

38

Rural Schools and Safety Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews the literature on violence and crime in schools and on prevention strategies and programs. A section on demographics examines incidence of crime and victimization in school, age of students involved, and types of violent behaviors. Underlying causes and conditions include family breakdown, substance abuse, poverty, and fear.…

Grady, Marilyn L.

39

Feature Issue on Inclusion and School Restructuring.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This feature issue on inclusion and school restructuring for students with and without disabilities contains the following articles: (1) "The 7 Habits for Educators" (Terri Vandercook); (2) "The Evolution of Inclusive Education" (Jennifer York-Barr and Terri Vandercook); (3) "Creating Inclusive Schools: What Does the Research Say?" (Margaret J.…

Vandercook, Terri; York-Barr, Jennifer

1996-01-01

40

Selected Legal Issues in Catholic Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines legal issues that affect Catholic high schools. Chapter 1 discusses sources of the law and how fairness and due process, federal and state statutes, and various guidelines shape the law. Tort law, corporal punishment, search and seizure, defamation of character, and negligence are covered in chapter 2. Chapter 3 details issues

Shaughnessy, Mary Angela

41

The nuclear issue in Swedish schools.  

PubMed

Sweden is almost unique in that its government through its foreign office gave financial support to a carefully thought out proposal from Svenska Läkare Mot Kärnvapen (Swedish Physicians against Nuclear Weapons) for a youth education project on the nuclear issue. The Swedish Board of Education has agreed to provide: 1. In-service training for teachers on current affairs; 2. Up-to-date teaching resources and materials, such as the booklet, Facts and Reflections on Nuclear Weapons; 3. A curriculum stating that education on nuclear and other environment issues should not be a special subject but should be involved in many school activities-for example the learning of foreign languages, biology, physics, science and even physical education. The Board's recommendations have been sent to every Swedish school, together with the booklet, but each school decides for itself whether or not to implement them. However, some teachers do some education on the nuclear issue in most Swedish schools. PMID:1406466

Bergström, A

1992-01-01

42

Future Public Policy and Ethical Issues Facing the Agricultural and Microbial Genomics Sectors of the Biotechnology Industry: A Roundtable Discussion  

Microsoft Academic Search

On September 12, 2003, the University of Maryland School of Law's Intellectual Property and Law & Health Care Programs jointly sponsored and convened a roundtable discussion on the future public policy and ethical issues that will likely face the agricultural and microbial genomics sectors of the biotechnology industry. As this industry has developed over the last two decades, societal concerns

Diane E. Hoffmann

2003-01-01

43

Afterschool: An Ally in Promoting Middle School Improvement. MetLife Foundation Afterschool Alert. Issue Brief No. 55  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Afterschool Alliance, in partnership with MetLife Foundation, is proud to present the first in its latest series of four issue briefs examining critical issues facing middle school youth and the vital role afterschool programs play in addressing these issues. This brief explores afterschool and school improvement. In communities across the…

Afterschool Alliance, 2012

2012-01-01

44

Special Issue Topic: School Choice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes "The Choice Movement" (Brogan); "Choice in American Education" (Witte); "Role of Parents in Education" (Mawdsley); "As Arrows in the Hand" (Coons); "Vouchers in Wisconsin" (Underwood); "Milwaukee Parental Choice Program (MPCP)" (Grover); "Civil Liberties and the MPCP" (Bolick); "Comments on School Choice" (Jauch); "Two Classes of…

Brogan, Bernard R.; And Others

1991-01-01

45

School House Hype: School Shootings and the Real Risks Kids Face in America. Policy Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines risks that children and youth face in America's schools to determine whether there is a trend toward increasing violent school deaths in America and noting the overall incidence of crime, particularly homicides, inside versus outside of the schools. Data come from the Department of Education, Department of Justice, FBI,…

Donohue, Elizabeth; Schiraldi, Vincent; Ziedenberg, Jason

46

Preparing High School Students for Successful Transitions to Postsecondary Education and Employment. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' high school experiences often do not prepare them adequately for postsecondary education and the world of work. Special attention should be paid to increasing the rigor, relevance, and engagement of the high school curriculum, including for students who have traditionally faced barriers to successful postsecondary transitions. This Issue

Bangser, Michael

2008-01-01

47

[Nursing school facing new educational challenges].  

PubMed

The current avatars situate education schools and colleges in training students for competitions so that they be able to: perform successfully in the labor market, develop in a globalized world and deliver "human sense" services these can offer. The pillars of education [1] or the four ways to acquire significant knowledge for life are the basic premises on which is built the new educational dynamics in the context of globalization and global village, prepare students for internationalizaition is now imperative. In a globalized world in which we now live, acquire an ecological awareness, sense of solidarity, responsibility, social justice, peace, harmony, democracy, equity and learn to know, are actions that are thought together and as indispensable for complex life on the planet. The socio-cultural, economic, technological and political demand new ways of understanding the world and require fundamental changes in lifestyles for sustainable development. PMID:23909222

Osuna Torres, Blanca Herlinda; Gonzáles Rendón, M C Cristina

2013-06-01

48

Facing the "Challenge": School Leadership in Intercultural Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The overarching purpose of this study is to examine the prospects of school leadership for the development of intercultural education. The article focuses on the ways in which Greek-Cypriot headteachers conceptualize: diversity and intercultural education; and their school leadership roles in culturally diverse settings. To this extent, interviews…

Hajisoteriou, Christina; Angelides, Panayiotis

2014-01-01

49

Children with Cancer: School Related Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School gives purpose to a student's life. Today, students with cancer and cancer survivors are encouraged to continue their educational experiences to maintain a sense of normalcy. This manuscript discusses the research findings on medical, physical, and cognitive issues that students with cancer and cancer survivors may encounter in their…

Gartin, Barbara C.; Murdick, Nikki L.

2009-01-01

50

Afterschool: A Strategy for Addressing and Preventing Middle School Bullying. MetLife Foundation Afterschool Alert. Issue Brief No. 51  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Afterschool Alliance, in partnership with MetLife Foundation, is proud to present the second in a series of four issue briefs examining critical issues facing middle school youth and the vital role afterschool programs play in addressing these issues. This brief focuses on bullying awareness and prevention. Bullying is a dangerous behavior…

Afterschool Alliance, 2011

2011-01-01

51

Contemporary Civil Rights Challenges of "Brown vs. Board of Education": School Leaders Identify Current Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School leaders from five states gathered recently to examine civil rights issues facing students today. The session was held by the Intercultural Development Research Association (IDRA) South Central Collaborative for Equity, which is the federally-funded equity assistance center for Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas. The…

Scott, Bradley

2004-01-01

52

Toward Successful School Crisis Intervention: 9 Key Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite their best and frequently heroic efforts, school crisis intervention teams often find themselves unprepared for the many types of tragedies they face. This timely text prompts crisis intervention team members to reevaluate their beliefs and practices and consider a new approach to dealing with school crises. The author, a longtime school

Jaksec, Charles M., III

2007-01-01

53

Top Strategic Issues Facing HBCUs, Now and into the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Created in a time of segregation and discrimination to educate students of color, Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) have played a pivotal role in transforming the landscape of higher education in the United States. Today, in an era of rapid transformation, HBCUs face historic challenges as well as new obstacles. Questions about…

Hodge-Clark, Kristen; Daniels, Brandon D.

2014-01-01

54

Selected Issues Facing U.S. Graduate Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three issues are discussed that relate to (1) the need for the United States to become more technologically competitive and more daring in ways to produce, nurture and encourage high quality research and (2) the state of the talent pool that must produce the scientists, mathematicians and engineers to do this research. The first issue concerns…

Neal, Homer A.

55

Discovering solutions to complex issues facing urban communities  

E-print Network

the University of Minnesota, and is located in the Medical School. We chose the term "health equity" to emphasize the importance of justice and fairness. We envision becoming a national leader in health disparities and minority, and substance abuse. What is the goal of this program? To improve the health of minority and other underserved

Minnesota, University of

56

Cyberbullying: A Review of the Legal Issues Facing Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School districts are often given the challenging task of addressing problematic online behaviors committed by students while simultaneously protecting themselves from civil liability by not overstepping their authority. This is difficult, because the law concerning these behaviors is ambiguous and continuously evolving, and little consensus has…

Hinduja, Sameer; Patchin, Justin W.

2011-01-01

57

Policy issues facing the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and prospects for the future  

SciTech Connect

This report is divided into the following 5 sections: (1) Background; (2) Major Issues Facing Ratification of CTBT; (3) Current Status on CTBT Ratification; (4) Status of CTBT Signatories and Ratifiers; and (5) CTBT Activities Not Prohibited. The major issues facing ratification of CTBT discussed here are: impact on CTBT of START II and ABM ratification; impact of India and Pakistan nuclear tests; CTBT entry into force; and establishment of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Organization.

Sweeney, J.

1999-04-01

58

Major environmental issues facing the 21st century  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book is primarily intended for people who do not have a strong technical background. It is presented in simple, understandable terms for lawyers, members of the news media, business personnel, and consumers (in particular) who need the basic fundamentals of the many environmental issues that exist now and will in the future. The authors' objective is to provide both

M. K. Theodore; L. Theodore

1999-01-01

59

Political Justice, Schooling and Issues of Group Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores issues associated with schooling and political justice. Such issues are understood in light of the contention surrounding how Western schooling contexts might best represent marginalised groups--in ways that accord them a political voice. The significance of group identity politics is explored drawing on international debates…

Keddie, Amanda

2014-01-01

60

Performance Testing: Issues Facing Vocational Education. Research and Development Series No. 190.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addressing issues facing vocational education on the topic of performance testing, this handbook consists of a collection of seventeen commissioned papers and reactions to the papers. Two papers are presented on each of the following types of issues that must be considered before a performance test can be constructed: philosophical, technical,…

Spirer, Janet E., Ed.

61

Civil Rights Issues Facing the Blind and Visually Impaired in Illinois.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the result of a conference that examined major civil rights issues facing people who are blind and visually impaired in Illinois and is intended to inform the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights concerning issues of equal protection. The introductory chapter reviews leading types and causes of blindness and visual impairment, incidence…

Illinois State Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Springfield.

62

Teaching controversial issues in the secondary school science classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A sample of fourteen secondary school biology teachers chosen from twelve schools were interviewed. The purpose was to determine their views on how controversial issues in science might be handled in the secondary school science classroom and whether the issues of surrogacy and human embryo experimentation were suitable controversial issues for discussion in schools. In general, teachers indicated that controversial issues deserve a more prominent place in the science curriculum because they have the potential to foster thinking, learning, and interest in science. The issues of surrogacy and human embryo experimentation were seen as appropriate contexts for learning, provided that teachers were well informed and sensitive to both the students and to the school environment.

van Rooy, Wilhelmina

1993-12-01

63

Management and Leadership Issues for School Building Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School principals are confronted with a variety of issues as they provide leadership and organization to their schools. Evidence is growing that successful school leaders influence achievement through the support and development of effective teachers and the implementation of effective organizational practice (Davis, Darling-Hammond, LaPointe,…

Tobin, James

2014-01-01

64

UW SCHOOL OF PHARMACY COMMITTEE ON ACADEMIC STAFF ISSUES (CASI)  

E-print Network

UW SCHOOL OF PHARMACY COMMITTEE ON ACADEMIC STAFF ISSUES (CASI) 2013-2014 Committee Members Jeremy for participation by academic staff members in division/unit and School governance and committee work and strategic priorities of the School; and in the development of mentoring and professional development

Sheridan, Jennifer

65

School Readiness for Gifted Children: Considering the Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses issues relevant to gifted children's readiness for school. It raises a number of questions that challenge thinking about what is meant by school readiness. Gifted children can often be ready for school entrance before the age traditionally considered appropriate. Their complex developmental profiles challenge accepted notions…

Porath, Marion

2011-01-01

66

Bouncing Back! How Your School Can Succeed in the Face of Adversity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this guide is to help leaders move their schools ahead in the face of adversity. It is intended for principals, teacher leaders, district administrators, and others who have a stake in helping schools move forward. The contents are based on qualitative research and actual experiences of schools effective in dealing with adversity.…

Patterson, Jerry; Patterson, Janice; Collins, Loucrecia

67

Testing Programs in Schools: What's New? A Special Issue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special issue of "Catalyst", entitled Testing Programs in Schools: What's New?, was published jointly by the Nebraska Council of School Administrators and the Nebraska Association for Supervision and Curriculum. The articles emphasize desirability of designing testing programs to meet the information needs of educators and the community.…

Walter, L. James; And Others

1981-01-01

68

School Transportation Issues, Laws and Concerns: Implications for Future Administrators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nearly all building administrators are confronted with a variety of transportation issues. Challenges, concerns and questions can arise from various aspects, including student misbehaviors, transportation laws and its implications at the school level, to importance and implementation of a school bus safety program. As new and upcoming future…

Durick, Jody M.

2010-01-01

69

Infectious Diseases: Current Issues in School and Community Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some children in American schools have known and unknown communicable diseases, including herpes, cytomegalovirus, AIDS, mononucleosis, pinworms, and hepatitis. This article examines major public health issues, school responsibility, preventative measures (like basic hygiene), and the need for more effective community education programs. A disease…

Bower, Wilma; And Others

1986-01-01

70

Networking Issues in K-12 Schools. [CD-ROM].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This CD-ROM provides a way to become aware of and understand the many issues involved in planning, implementing, and using networks in K-12 schools. It is designed to serve both as a basic resource and as a pointer to other resources, and is useful for school board members, superintendents, administrators, teachers, technology coordinators,…

Northwest Educational Technology Consortium, Portland, OR.

71

The Hard Truth: Problems and Issues in Urban School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Hard Truth" is a book written for principals and school administrators who want to implement effective change. The topics of the book candidly discuss the problems, people, and issues that get in the way of true school reform; and what building level principals can personally do attain the best possible outcomes.

Yisrael, Sean

2012-01-01

72

Comments for President Lancaster Concerning Economic and Workforce Development Issues Facing Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the comments of the president of the North Carolina Community College System regarding economic and workforce development issues facing the community colleges. He states that North Carolina is a leading manufacturing state today in an economy that is increasingly being refocused on information-based services. From an…

North Carolina Community Coll. System, Raleigh.

73

Critical Issues Facing America's Community Colleges: A Summary of the Community Colleges Futures Assembly 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three focus groups consisting of 42 board of trustee members, community college presidents, senior administrators, and faculty members developed critical issues facing community colleges with respect to instructional planning and services; planning, governance, finance; and workforce development. Thereafter, the delegation of more than 200 voted…

Campbell, Dale F.; Basham, Matthew J.

2007-01-01

74

Using Open Standards for Interoperability Issues, Solutions, and Challenges facing Cloud Computing  

E-print Network

Using Open Standards for Interoperability Issues, Solutions, and Challenges facing Cloud Computing, a new era of computing has been ushered in, that of grids and clouds. With several commercial cloud and commercial work loads within the ambit of cloud computing. Cloud computing has come as a blessing for small

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

75

Children Facing School: Sally Brown and Peppermint Patty.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the comic strip "Peanuts" characters Sally Brown and Peppermint Patty as they illustrate children's difficulties in school and their emotional responses to school. Explores how Sally illustrates the conflict between the creative impulses of childhood with school demands, while Patty illustrates the extent to which many children can be…

Crain, William

1999-01-01

76

High Expectations, Modest Means: The Challenge Facing California's Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides background information on California's academic standards, resources and funding mechanisms. Its findings point to relatively low levels of school spending, a gap between academic standards and school resources, a finance system based on previous funding levels rather than actual school resources and their costs, and questions…

Rose, Heather; Sonstelie, Jon; Reinhard, Ray; Heng, Sharmaine

2003-01-01

77

The Challenges Facing Dental Schools and Academic Health Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If dental schools are to be competitive in the current economic environment, they will need to collaborate with and become active participants in their academic health centers. The dental school can strengthen the center's competitive edge in the managed care market, strengthening the dental school's position in the center and generating new…

Anderson, Allen W.

1995-01-01

78

AIDS, the Schools, and Policy Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the discovery of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and describes the biology of the disease. The problem of AIDS among children is discussed and implications for school policy decisions are cited. (Author/MT)

Price, James H.

1986-01-01

79

Issues in School Bus Safety: Real or Red Herring?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In many states, the greatest threat to safe student transportation is elimination of the school transportation program. Using public transit buses, large vans, smaller vehicles, or specialized equipment can cause major-issue headaches. False issues include controversies over seat belts, bus design, and optional "bells and whistles." (10…

Leeds, Robin L.

1999-01-01

80

Coping with Quality Assurance Challenges Faced by Secondary Schools' Headteachers in Gucha District, Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since independence, the Kenyan government has demonstrated its commitment to the provision of quality secondary school education through allocation of financial resources, provision of trained teachers and establishment of quality assurance department. However, despite the substantial allocation of resources, secondary schools still face major…

Mobegi, Florence Osiri; Ondigi, Benjamin A.

2011-01-01

81

Diabetes-related clinical issues represented by the "Faces of Diabetes".  

PubMed

Members of the "osteopathic medical family" who themselves are patients with diabetes related their medical histories at the American College of Osteopathic Family Physicians symposium, "The Faces of Diabetes." The program was conducted Monday, October 7, 2002, in Las Vegas during the 107th Annual American Osteopathic Association Convention and Scientific Seminar. This article briefly discusses issues in the management of diabetes illustrated by the individual histories. Topics represented by "the faces of diabetes" include diabetes and comorbidities, hypoglycemia in diabetes mellitus, abnormalities associated with insulin-induced hypoglycemia, and diabetes in pregnancy. PMID:12962205

Freeman, Jeffrey S

2003-08-01

82

Briefing Paper on: School District Data Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes efforts by the state of New York to ensure the accuracy and integrity of data reported by school districts. The Office of the State Comptroller (OSC) has taken the lead in reviewing these data, focusing on the uses of attendance and enrollment data and making recommendations for improvement in state systems and local…

McCall, H. Carl

83

Memory: Issues of Import to School Psychologists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document defines memory as a complex, interactive process that is a prerequisite for all higher learning. Without intact memory skills, a host of disorders may ensue ranging from mild learning problems to disorientation and helplessness (Lezak, 1983). Because of the pervasive and central role memory plays in people's lives, school

John, Kirk R.

84

Coal Utilization in Schools: Issues and Answers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Coal, at one-third the cost of natural gas and one-fifth the cost of oil, is our cheapest source of energy and is also in abundant supply. Because of significant technological advances, coal-fired equipment now approaches the clean and automatic operational characteristics of gas- and oil-fired boilers. For these reasons, and because schools are…

Pusey, Robert H.

85

Planning Guidelines for Primary Schools, Issue 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This planning guide, reflecting recent changes in the educational system in Ireland, offers guidelines for designing primary schools that need to provide additional space for the growing range of teaching and support services. It addresses increased sizes of general purpose rooms, extra floor area provision for classroom storage, administration,…

Department of Education and Science, Tullamore (Ireland). Planning and Building Unit.

86

Managing Information Technology: Facing the Issues. Track III: Organization and Personnel Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven papers making up Track III of the 1989 conference of the Professional Association for the Management of Information Technology in Higher Education (known as CAUSE, an acronym of the association's former name) are presented in this document. The focus of Track III is on organization and personnel issues, and the papers include: "How to…

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

87

Managing Information Technology: Facing the Issues. Track IV: Policy and Standards Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven papers making up Track IV of the 1989 conference of the Professional Association for the Management of Information Technology in Higher Education (known as CAUSE; an acronym of the association's former name) are presented in this document. The focus of Track IV is on policy and standards issues and the papers include: "Developing Guidelines…

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

88

Are Pesticides the Latest Peril Facing Your Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Environmental and consumer-safety groups are urging caution in the use of pesticides in the schools. Some schools are successfully using integrated pest management (IPM). IPM combines monitoring for pests with the selective use of the least toxic strategies, not all of them chemical. Offers advice and resources to help administrators switch to…

Harrington-Lueker, Donna

1990-01-01

89

Future Public Policy and Ethical Issues Facing the Agricultural and Microbial Genomics Sectors of the Biotechnology Industry: A Roundtable Discussion  

SciTech Connect

On September 12, 2003, the University of Maryland School of Law's Intellectual Property and Law & Health Care Programs jointly sponsored and convened a roundtable discussion on the future public policy and ethical issues that will likely face the agricultural and microbial genomics sectors of the biotechnology industry. As this industry has developed over the last two decades, societal concerns have moved from what were often local issues, e.g., the safety of laboratories where scientists conducted recombinant DNA research on transgenic microbes, animals and crops, to more global issues. These newer issues include intellectual property, international trade, risks of genetically engineered foods and microbes, bioterrorism, and marketing and labeling of new products sold worldwide. The fast paced nature of the biotechnology industry and its new developments often mean that legislators, regulators and society, in general, must play ''catch up'' in their efforts to understand the issues, the risks, and even the benefits, that may result from the industry's new ways of conducting research, new products, and novel methods of product marketing and distribution. The goal of the roundtable was to develop a short list of the most significant public policy and ethical issues that will emerge as a result of advances in these sectors of the biotechnology industry over the next five to six years. More concretely, by ''most significant'' the conveners meant the types of issues that would come to the attention of members of Congress or state legislators during this time frame and for which they would be better prepared if they had well researched and timely background information. A concomitant goal was to provide a set of focused issues for academic debate and scholarship so that policy makers, industry leaders and regulators would have the intellectual resources they need to better understand the issues and concerns at stake. The goal was not to provide answers to any of the issues or problems, simply to identify those topics that deserve our attention as a society. Some of the issues may benefit from legislation at the federal or state levels, others may be more appropriately addressed by the private sector. Participants at the roundtable included over a dozen experts in the areas of microbiology, intellectual property, agricultural biotechnology, microbial genomics, bioterrorism, economic development, biotechnology research, and bioethics. These experts came from federal and state government, industry and academia. The participants were asked to come to the roundtable with a written statement of the top three to five public policy/ ethical issues they viewed as most likely to be significant to the industry and to policy makers over the next several years.

Diane E. Hoffmann

2003-09-12

90

How Middle School Students Come Face to Face With Down Syndrome Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article discusses how real research on Down syndrome, being done in a lab at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI), was incorporated into a laboratory activity for middle school students. The activity asked students to evaluate re

Buckingham, Jane; Allen, Jared; Marrs, Kathleen; Roper, Randall

2010-01-01

91

The nuclear issue in Swedish schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sweden is almost unique in that its government through its foreign office gave financial support to a carefully thought out proposal from Svenska Läkare Mot Karnvapen (Swedish Physicians against Nuclear Weapons) for a youth education project on the nuclear issue. The Swedish Board of Education has agreed to provide: 1. In?service training for teachers on current affairs;2. Up?to?date teaching resources

Alexandra Bergström

1992-01-01

92

Assessing Middle School Student Participation in Online vs. Face-to-Face Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators have observed reluctance in middle school students to vocally engage in small group learning tasks, the result of which could be a decrease in student learning. The same students have been observed collaborating with peers outside of the classroom when using technology. The purpose of this study is to determine if technology provides a…

Oravetz, Cathleen L.

2011-01-01

93

Who Runs Our Schools? The Changing Face of Educational Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A changing mix of forces and actors occupy the educational leadership stage. The fragmentation and curious distribution of decision-making power frustrate the workings of the education system. Twelve articles discuss the nature of the leadership problem: (1) "Education's Unknown Leaders"; (2) "Tribunes for the Schools"; (3) "Few Perks, Little…

Kaplan, George

94

Middle School Students, Science Textbooks, Television and Nuclear War Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent to which the issue of nuclear war technology is treated in middle-school science texts, and how students learn about nuclear war and war technology were studied. Five raters compared the most widely used textbooks for grades 6 and 7 to determine the amount of content on: (1) population growth; (2) world hunger; (3) war technology; (4)…

Hamm, Mary

95

Finance and Resource Issues in High School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes discussions between education and youth development leaders regarding the need to address financial and resource issues in high school reform. They discussed: (1) allocation and alignment of resources to support standards-based reform (SBR) and higher expectations for all students; (2) generating resources for the…

Hoke, Heather; Brand, Betsy

2003-01-01

96

Working for Equity. Finding Equity Issues in the Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains a presenter's outline and notes, an outline of major points, transparency masters, and the text of the presentation entitled "Finding Equity Issues in the Schools." The presentation is an introduction to educational equity and how it fits in with educational trends and thinking. The purpose of the presentation is to illustrate…

Ruzicka, Pat

97

School-to-Work Opportunities in the Middle School: Concepts and Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study questioned 26 administrators, counselors, and teachers at 6 middle schools regarding School-To-Work (STW) curriculum implementation. It asked about conceptual, organizational, and operational reasons for implementation; curriculum focus; student benefits; and issues and concerns. Five national associations were questioned about their views…

Finch, Curtis R.; Mooney, Marianne

98

Utah Public Education Funding: The Fiscal Impact of School Choice. School Choice Issues in the State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines Utah's funding system for public education and provides an analysis of the fiscal impact of allowing parents to use a portion of their child's state education funding to attend a school of their choice, public or private. Like many states, Utah is facing pressure to improve its system of public education funding. The state's…

Aud, Susan

2007-01-01

99

High heat flux issues for plasma-facing components in fusion reactors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Plasma facing components in tokamak fusion reactors are faced with a number of difficult high heat flux issues. These components include: first wall armor tiles, pumped limiters, diverter plates, rf antennae structure, and diagnostic probes. Peak heat fluxes are 15 - 30 MW/m2 for diverter plates, which will operate for 100 - 1000 seconds in future tokamaks. Disruption heat fluxes can approach 100,000 MW/m2 for 0.1 ms. Diverter plates are water-cooled heat sinks with armor tiles brazed on to the plasma facing side. Heat sink materials include OFHC, GlidcopTM, TZM, Mo-41Re, and niobium alloys. Armor tile materials include: carbon fiber composites, beryllium, silicon carbide, tungsten, and molybdenum. Tile thickness range from 2 - 10 mm, and heat sinks are 1 - 3 mm. A twisted tape insert is used to enhance heat transfer and increase the burnout safety margin from critical heat flux limits to 50 - 60 MW/m2 with water at 10 m/s and 4 MPa. Tests using rastered electron beams have shown thermal fatigue failures from cracks at the brazed interface between tiles and the heat sink after only 1000 cycles at 10 - 15 MW/m2. These fatigue lifetimes need to be increased an order of magnitude to meet future requirements. Other critical issues for plasma facing components include: surface erosion from sputtering and disruption erosion, eddy current forces and runaway electron impact from disruptions, neutron damage, tritium retention and release, remote maintenance of radioactive components, corrosion-erosion, and loss-of-coolant accidents.

Watson, Robert D.

1993-02-01

100

Risk in the Clouds?: Security Issues Facing Government Use of Cloud Computing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cloud computing is poised to become one of the most important and fundamental shifts in how computing is consumed and used. Forecasts show that government will play a lead role in adopting cloud computing - for data storage, applications, and processing power, as IT executives seek to maximize their returns on limited procurement budgets in these challenging economic times. After an overview of the cloud computing concept, this article explores the security issues facing public sector use of cloud computing and looks to the risk and benefits of shifting to cloud-based models. It concludes with an analysis of the challenges that lie ahead for government use of cloud resources.

Wyld, David C.

101

The Challenges Facing School Governing Bodies in England: A "Perfect Storm"?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The governing bodies of publicly funded schools in England are currently facing a number of substantive challenges of various kinds. Many of the challenges are long-standing, while others relate to the current context for governing wrought by recent education policy developments initiated by central government. A number of the challenges are…

James, Chris; Brammer, Steve; Connolly, Michael; Spicer, David Eddy; James, Jane; Jones, Jeff

2013-01-01

102

Issues Facing Pharmacy Leaders in 2014: Suggestions for Pharmacy Strategic Planning  

PubMed Central

In 2013, the Director’s Forum published our assessment of issues facing pharmacy leaders to assist pharmacy directors in planning for the year ahead. The issues include health care reform and the Affordable Care Act, the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists Pharmacy Practice Model Initiative, the health care workforce, patients’ perceptions of pharmacists, and the changing landscape of pharmacy education. Based on our environmental scan, the issues addressed in 2013 are pertinent to a department’s plan for 2014. The goal of this article is to provide practical approaches to each of these issues to help pharmacy directors focus their department’s goals for 2014 to support the development of patient-centered pharmacy services. This column will address (1) strategies to reduce medication costs and generate new pharmacy revenue streams, (2) innovative approaches to improving medication safety and quality, (3) steps to advance the clinical practice model, and (4) ways to create mutually beneficial student experiences. PMID:24715750

2014-01-01

103

Challenges Facing Managers in Managing Conflict in Schools in the South and South Central Regions of Botswana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the challenges facing managers in managing conflict in schools of South and South Central Regions of Botswana. In this study, the schedule of interview was used to collect empirical data. A random sample of 50 school managers and deputy school managers was selected for interviews. Major findings of the…

Morake, Nnior Machomi; Monobe, Ratau John; Dingwe, Stephonia

2011-01-01

104

Can we stop the spread of influenza in schools with face masks?  

SciTech Connect

In the absence of a strain-specific vaccine and the potential resistance to antiviral medication, nonpharmaceutical interventions can be used to reduce the spread of an infectious disease such as influenza. The most common non-pharmaceutical interventions include school closures, travel restrictions, social distancing, enforced or volunteer home isolation and quarantine, improved hand hygiene, and the appropriate wearing of face masks. However, for some of these interventions, there are some unavoidable economic costs to both employees and employers, as well as possible additional detriment to society as a whole. For example, it has been shown that school-age children are most likely to be infected and act as sources of infection for others, due to their greater societal interaction and increased susceptibility. Therefore, preventing or at least reducing infections in children is a logical first-line of defense. For this reason, school closures have been widely investigated and recommended as part of pandemic influenza preparedness, and some studies support this conclusion. Yet, school closures would result in lost work days if at least one parent must be absent from work to care for children who would otherwise be at school. In addition, the delay in-academic progress may be detrimental due to mass school absenteeism. In particular, the pandemic influenza guidance by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recommends school closures for less than four weeks for Category 2 and 3 pandemics (i.e., similar to the milder 1957 and 1968 pandemics) and one to three months for Category 4 and 5 pandemics (i .e., similar to the 1918 pandemic ). Yet, given the above, it is clear that closing schools for up to three months is unlikely to be a practical mitigation strategy for many families and society. Thus modelers and policy makers need to weigh all factors before recommending such drastic measures, particularly if the agent under consideration typically has low mortality and causes a mild disease. Therefore, we contend that face masks are an effective, practical, non-pharmaceutical intervention that would reduce the spread of disease among school-children, while keeping schools open. Influenza spreads through person-to-person contact, via transmission by large droplets or aerosols (droplet nuclei) produced by breathing, talking, coughing or sneezing, as well as by direct (though most people touch very few others in their daily lives) or indirect (i.e., via fomites) contact. Face masks act as a physical barrier to reduce the amount of potentially infectious inhaled and exhaled particles, although they would not reliably protect the wearer against aerosols; a recent study also demonstrated that they can redirect and decelerate exhaled airflows (when worn by an infected individual) to prevent them from entering the breathing zones of others. Thus, if a whole classroom were to don face masks, disease transmission would be expected to be greatly diminished. Another recent study on face masks and hand hygiene show a 10-50% transmission reduction for influenza-like illnesses. Furthermore, face masks can act as an effective physical reminder and barrier to transmission by preventing the wearer from touching any potentially infectious secretions from their mucous membranes (i.e., from the nose and mouth), which is another mechanism for direct and indirect contact transmission for influenza. A recent systematic review has suggested that wearing masks can be highly effective in limiting the transmission of respiratory infections, such as influenza. Yet, admittedly, the effectiveness of this intervention strategy is highly dependent on compliance (i.e., the willingness to wear the mask in all appropriate situations), which in tum depends on comfort, convenience, fitness, and hygiene. Importantly, masks themselves must not become a source of infection (or reinfection); as such they should be replaced or sanitized daily (where possible) to maximize effectiveness. One solution could be for masks to be touted as fashion accessories, whi

Del Valle, Sara Y [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tellier, Raymond [UNIV OF CALGARY; Settles, Gary [UNIV PARK; Tang, Julian [NATIONAL UNIV OF SINGAPORE

2009-01-01

105

"You Could See It on Their Faces...": The Importance of Provoking Smiles in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Current research in both cognitive neuroscience and what has been called "positive psychology" point to the need for wholesale reappraisal of what happens in schools, especially with regard to the wellbeing of children. Seeks to examine this issue. Design/methodology/approach: Reviews and discussion of research by the World Health…

Barnes, Jonathan

2005-01-01

106

Parents' perceptions of curricular issues affecting children's weight in elementary schools. — Measures of the Food Environment  

Cancer.gov

The purpose of this study was to examine Ohio parents' perceptions of the role of elementary schools in preventing childhood overweight. In the United States, overweight is the most widespread health threat facing children and adolescents. Schools may be a useful point of intervention in addressing the escalating prevalence of childhood overweight because children spend over half their day at school.

107

The National School Lunch Program: Background, Trends, and Issues. ERS Report Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) is one of the largest food and nutrition assistance programs in the United States, feeding millions of children every day. School meal providers face the task of serving nutritious and appealing school lunches, including free and reduced-price lunches for low-income students, and doing so under budget…

Ralston, Katherine; Newman, Constance; Clauson, Annette; Guthrie, Joanne; Buzby, Jean

2008-01-01

108

Successfully Authorizing Blended Charter Schools. Authorizing Matters. Issue Brief. Cyber Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue brief is part of the National Association of Charter School Authorizers' (NACSA's) "Cyber Series," which addresses issues in policy and practice that relate to authorizing online and blended charter schools. This brief aims to improve authorizer understanding and oversight of blended charter schools, which combine digital learning with…

Ableidinger, Joe; Hassel, Bryan C.

2012-01-01

109

Teacher Time Spent on Student Health Issues and School Nurse Presence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Elementary school teacher time spent on student health issues and the relationship to school nurse services was the focus of this 2-year study. A cross-sectional design was used to survey traditional and exceptional (special needs) classroom teachers about the time they spent on health issues and their perception of school nurse presence. The…

Hill, Nina Jean; Hollis, Marianne

2012-01-01

110

Riverine ecosystem services and the thermoelectric sector: strategic issues facing the Northeastern United States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Major strategic issues facing the global thermoelectric sector include environmental regulation, climate change and increasing electricity demand. We have addressed such issues by modeling thermoelectric generation in the Northeastern United States that is reliant on cooling under five sensitivity tests to evaluate losses/gains in power production, thermal pollution and suitable aquatic habitat, comparing the contemporary baseline (2000-2010) with potential future states. Integral to the analysis, we developed a methodology to quantify river water availability for cooling, which we define as an ecosystem service. Projected climate conditions reduce river water available for efficient power plant operations and the river's capacity to absorb waste heat, causing a loss of regional thermoelectric generation (RTG) (2.5%) in some summers that, compared to the contemporary baseline, is equal to the summertime electricity consumption of 1.3 million Northeastern US homes. Vulnerabilities to warm temperatures and thermal pollution can be alleviated through the use of more efficient natural gas (NG) power plants that have a reduced reliance on cooling water. Conversion of once-through (OT) to cooling tower (CT) systems and the Clean Water Act (CWA) temperature limit regulation, both of which reduce efficiencies at the single plant level, show potential to yield beneficial increases in RTG. This is achieved by obviating the need for large volumes of river water, thereby reducing plant-to-plant interferences through lowering the impact of upstream thermal pollution and preserving a minimum standard of cooling water. The results and methodology framework presented here, which can be extrapolated to other regional assessments with contrasting climates and thermoelectric profiles, can identify opportunities and support decision-making to achieve more efficient energy systems and riverine ecosystem protection.

Miara, A.; Vorosmarty, C. J.; Stewart, R.; Wollheim, W. M.; Rosenzweig, B.

2013-12-01

111

Riverine ecosystem services and the thermoelectric sector: strategic issues facing the Northeastern United States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Major strategic issues facing the global thermoelectric sector include environmental regulation, climate change and increasing electricity demand. We have addressed such issues by modeling thermoelectric generation in the Northeastern United States that is reliant on cooling under five sensitivity tests to evaluate losses/gains in power production, thermal pollution and suitable aquatic habitat, comparing the contemporary baseline (2000-2010) with potential future states. Integral to the analysis, we developed a methodology to quantify river water availability for cooling, which we define as an ecosystem service. Projected climate conditions reduce river water available for efficient power plant operations and the river’s capacity to absorb waste heat, causing a loss of regional thermoelectric generation (RTG) (2.5%) in some summers that, compared to the contemporary baseline, is equal to the summertime electricity consumption of 1.3 million Northeastern US homes. Vulnerabilities to warm temperatures and thermal pollution can be alleviated through the use of more efficient natural gas (NG) power plants that have a reduced reliance on cooling water. Conversion of once-through (OT) to cooling tower (CT) systems and the Clean Water Act (CWA) temperature limit regulation, both of which reduce efficiencies at the single plant level, show potential to yield beneficial increases in RTG. This is achieved by obviating the need for large volumes of river water, thereby reducing plant-to-plant interferences through lowering the impact of upstream thermal pollution and preserving a minimum standard of cooling water. The results and methodology framework presented here, which can be extrapolated to other regional assessments with contrasting climates and thermoelectric profiles, can identify opportunities and support decision-making to achieve more efficient energy systems and riverine ecosystem protection.

Miara, Ariel; Vörösmarty, Charles J.; Stewart, Robert J.; Wollheim, Wilfred M.; Rosenzweig, Bernice

2013-06-01

112

Free to Lead: Autonomy in Highly Successful Charter Schools. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Autonomy is a key component of the charter school concept. By allowing charter schools to have autonomy over decisions concerning finance, personnel, scheduling, curriculum and instruction, states have enabled many of these schools to produce stellar results for their students. This issue brief explores autonomy at five excellent charter schools

Ableidinger, Joe; Hassel, Bryan C.

2010-01-01

113

School Quality in the Cloud: Guidelines for Authorizing Virtual Charter Schools. Authorizing Matters. Issue Brief. Cyber Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Issue Brief, an update of "Authorizing Virtual Charter Schools: Rules of the Road on the Digital Highway" by Gregg Vanourek, is part of NACSA's Cyber series, which addresses issues in policy and practice that concern authorizing online schools and blended learning. It aims to improve authorizer understanding and oversight of online charter…

Lin, Margaret

2011-01-01

114

VIEWS ON NEUTRONICS AND ACTIVATION ISSUES FACING LIQUID-PROTECTED IFE CHAMBERS L. El-Guebaly and the ARIES Team  

E-print Network

VIEWS ON NEUTRONICS AND ACTIVATION ISSUES FACING LIQUID-PROTECTED IFE CHAMBERS L. El elguebaly@engr.wisc.edu Thin and thick liquid walls provide an attractive solution to the challenging the many advantages of liquid-protected chambers, there are several nuclear-related concerns

California at San Diego, University of

115

Issues facing nurseteachers on the pre-registration diploma of higher education course (Project 2000): a case study approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper draws on the experience andexpertise of nurse practitioners and teachers of nurses to report on significant issues facing the latter in their work. The findings form part of a larger study describing major changes in the role and work of nurse teachers resulting from Project 2000 initiatives. The rationale for adapting a case study approach is outlined. The

Sada Camiah

1997-01-01

116

Managing an Infectious Disease Outbreak in a School. Lessons Learned from School Crises and Emergencies. Volume 2, Issue 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Lessons Learned" is a series of publications that are a brief recounting of actual school emergencies and crises. This "Lessons Learned" issue focuses on an infectious disease incident, which resulted in the death of a student, closure of area schools and the operation of an on-site school vaccine clinic. The report highlights the critical need…

US Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

117

The Problems Public Schools Face: High School Misbehaviour in 1990 and 2002  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Misbehaviour in high school impacts learning and instruction in the classroom as well as the educational climate of the institution. In this report, changes in administrators', teachers', and students' reports of misbehaviour between 1990 and 2002 were examined using two national US databases. There was little change in administrators'…

Fish, Reva M.; Finn, Kristin V.; Finn, Jeremy D.

2011-01-01

118

ERCMExpress. Volume 3, Issue 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Emergency Response and Crisis Management (ECRM) Technical Assistance Center's newsletter "ERCMExpress" provides comprehensive information on key issues in school emergency management. Many nontraditional schools across the United States, such as storefront schools, rural schools, and alternative education facilities, face challenges in…

Taylor, Matt

2007-01-01

119

Teachers' Perceptions of School Violence Issues: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined teachers' perceptions of school violence, changes made as a result of violence, and overall school climate at a small, rural high school. Focus group data indicated that teachers had school climate concerns and feared school violence. They noted the need for an adequate physical structure to promote overall safety. They felt they should…

Finley, Laura L.

2003-01-01

120

A Study of Attendance Issues in a Desegregating School District.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attendance rates and selected academic and school climate indicators in 39 secondary schools in Cleveland, Ohio, were studied by ranking and grouping the schools into the top third, the middle third, and the lowest third, based on attendance rates. Compared to the group of schools with highest attendance rates, the schools composing the lowest…

Zafirau, S. James

121

Time Use in Massachusetts Expanded Learning Time (ELT) Schools: Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Expanded learning time seems to be a simple idea: by lengthening the school day (or year), students have more time to learn. Yet as schools revisit their schedules and decide how to allocate time in their academic calendars, they can and do face challenging decisions related to time allocations. This brief highlights lessons learned from some…

Caven, Meghan; Checkoway, Amy; Gamse, Beth; Wu, Sally

2012-01-01

122

Revisiting the Issue of Year-Round Schools. BCTF Research Report. Section V. 2012-EI-02  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been little attention paid to the issue of Year-Round Schools (YRS) in British Columbia's public education system since 1996. The British Columbia Teachers' Federation (BCTF) Research conducted extensive research into the issue of year-round schooling in the mid 1990s, when the growth in student enrolment was significant. At that time…

Naylor, Charlie

2012-01-01

123

Designing School Facilities for Learning. Probe: Developing Education Policy Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers have discovered that the physical condition of a school can make a difference in student achievement. To further this knowledge, seven articles on school environments, ranging from school repair to strategies for infrastructure funding, are presented. The first article, "The Cruel Conditions of Our Nation's Schools," (Michael R.…

National Education Knowledge Industry Association, Washington, DC.

124

The Impact of School Suspensions: A Student Wellbeing Issue  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School suspensions are commonly used in schools to address challenging student behaviours, often on the understanding that suspensions send a clear message to the school community about what is acceptable behaviour. However, there is a growing body of evidence that school suspensions have a range of unintended negative consequences including…

Hemphill, Sheryl; Hargreaves, John

2009-01-01

125

Schools Linked to Obesity: Issues, Concerns and Reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Key Word: obesity, schools, reforms Abstract: Obesity is a growing epidemic concerning children in the United States, which affects children's self esteem and school performance. Many concerns have been raised in relation to the federal government's school hot lunch programs and the steady increase in childhood obesity. Foods served in the school lunch programs are high in fat, sugar and

Andrea Kolbeck

126

Monopoly vs. Markets: The Empirical Evidence on Private Schools & School Choice. School Choice Issues in Depth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents new findings comparing public and private high schools using top-quality data from the Education Longitudinal Study (ELS), a long-term research project sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education. The ELS project tracks individual data on thousands of students, allowing researchers to conduct much better analyses than are…

Forster, Greg

2007-01-01

127

School Psychology and Issues of Sexual Orientation: Attitudes, Beliefs, and Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate school psychologists' attitudes toward lesbians and gay males. Aspects of school psychologists' knowledge, beliefs, current practices, and levels of preparedness related to issues of sexual orientation were also explored. A sample of 288 school psychologists (215 females and 73 males, mean age = 44…

Savage, Todd A.; Prout, H. Thompson; Chard, Kathleen M.

2004-01-01

128

Lessons Learned from School Crises and Emergencies, Vol. 1, Issue 2, Fall 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Lessons Learned" is a series of publications that are a brief recounting of actual school emergencies and crises. School and student names have been changed to protect identities. Information for this publication was gathered through a series of interviews with school stakeholders involved in the actual incident. This "Lessons Learned" issue

US Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

129

Lessons Learned from School Crises and Emergencies. Volume 1, Issue 1, Fall 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Lessons Learned" addresses "Dealing with Weapons on Campus." Each year, school administrators, faculty and staff must deal with the possibility of students planning and carrying out pranks such as toilet-papering trees, egging automobiles or spray painting school property. These high jinks often occur at the end of the school year,…

US Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

130

Responding To School Walkout Demonstrations. Lessons Learned From School Crises and Emergencies, Volume 3, Issue 1, 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Lessons Learned" is a series of publications that are a brief recounting of actual school emergencies and crises. This "Lessons Learned" issue examines the incidence of student walkout demonstrations and the various ways in which administrators, school staff, law enforcement, and the community at large can help keep youths safe, while still…

US Department of Education, 2008

2008-01-01

131

Measuring Charter School Financial Health. Authorizing Matters. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As schools are in the business of educating students, academic performance should be the primary outcome by which a charter school is evaluated. But a charter school cannot provide students with a good education if it cannot meet payroll, afford to keep the lights on in the building, or worse yet, improperly uses public funds that should be spent…

Aase, Ben

2009-01-01

132

Termination of School Employees: Legal Issues and Techniques.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The termination of unsatisfactory school employees is an ubiquitous and often expensive legal problem for school districts. This monograph was designed to help school attorneys and administrators in handling the termination process as fairly and efficiently as possible. The monograph begins with articles on documentation, evaluation, and…

National School Boards Association, Alexandria, VA. Council of School Attorneys.

133

Overlooked Issues of Religious Identity in the School Dinners Debate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The TV broadcast of "Jamie's school dinners" in 2005 prompted action throughout the UK to improve the standards of school meals. A public debate continues across the media around changes, resistance to them and consequences. This article draws upon the findings of a one-year ESRC-funded project on the English school dinners debate, which analysed…

Twiner, Alison; Cook, Guy; Gillen, Julia

2009-01-01

134

From the Ground Up: Legal Issues in School Construction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is intended to assist school lawyers, business officials, board members, and administrators in making sound decisions, understanding the legal implications, and securing the maximum contractual protections for the school district before a school construction project begins. The first chapter examines the necessity of investigating…

Brickman, Heather K.; Goodrich, Christine A.; Griffith, Christine W.; Kuhn, Jeffrey L.; Levi, James S.; Levin, Michael I.; Osher, Daniel A.; Segal, Susan Plimpton; Slutzky, Lorence H.; Wagner, Fred R.

135

South Dakota School Principals' Preferred Leadership Styles for Leading Change to Face Poverty and Discrimination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quantitative research study identified perceptions regarding leadership styles of a sample of high school, middle school, and elementary school principals serving in South Dakota public and tribal/BIE (Bureau of Indian Education) schools in 2011. From 152 public school districts and 20 tribal/BIE schools, a sample of 148 school principals was…

Soka, John Alex

2011-01-01

136

School Violence, Role of the School Nurse in Prevention. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Registered professional school nurses (hereinafter referred to as school nurses) advance safe school environments by promoting the prevention and reduction of school violence. School nurses collaborate with school personnel, healthcare providers, parents, and community members to identify and implement evidence-based educational programs. The…

Blout, JoAnn D.; Rose, Kathleen C.; Suessmann, Mary; Coleman, Kara; Selekman, Janice

2012-01-01

137

PSI issues at plasma facing surfaces of blankets in fusion reactors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Important PSI issues for the first wall of blankets in fusion reactors are reviewed. Present understandings and remaining issues for particle loads (fast neutral, thermal ions, and energetic alpha particle ripple losses), and evaluation of low-activation structural materials (RAF, V-alloys, and SiCf\\/SiC) and tungsten as first-wall armor (including the effect on tritium breeding ratio of blankets) are explained. If the

Y. Ueda; K. Tobita; Y. Katoh

2003-01-01

138

Successful School Turnarounds: Seven Steps for District Leaders. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

President Obama and Secretary Duncan have called upon states, districts, and education leaders to change the lives of millions of children by dramatically improving the nation's 5,000 lowest performing schools. These chronically failing schools will require intensive intervention to turn around performance that has fallen short of expectations for…

Kowal, Julie; Hassel, Emily Ayscue; Hassel, Bryan C.

2009-01-01

139

South Pointe Elementary School Assessment Project. A Special Issues Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes findings of a 3-year study conducted by the SouthEastern Regional Vision for Education (SERVE) that examined the effectiveness of the implementation of a public-private partnership effort at South Pointe Elementary School in Miami, Florida. South Pointe was the first public school in the United States to be run by a private,…

Peeler, Thomas H.

140

Issues in School-Level Analysis of Education Expenditure Data.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines pitfalls in analyzing school-level data, particularly expenditure data. Examples come from Ohio's experience with creating usable data structures for examining school-level information, aided by a statewide, complex, multipurpose Education Management Information System (EMIS). Since districts can choose different reporting software…

Cohen, Matthew C.

1997-01-01

141

Historic Neighborhood Schools: Success Stories. Issues and Initiatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document offers 19 case studies that show how people across the United States have kept historic schools as vital parts of their communities. The case studies address the most important challenges to the continued use of historic schools as educational facilities. They offer concise summaries of information that architects, contractors, and…

National Trust for Historic Preservation, Washington, DC.

142

The Research on School Marketing: Current Issues and Future Directions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review provides a synthesis of the scholarship that has sought to expand the understanding of educational marketing practice in schools. The following research questions guided this review. What are the common themes and characteristics that emerge from research about marketing in schools? What remains underdeveloped in the characterization…

Oplatka, Izhar; Hemsley-Brown, Jane

2004-01-01

143

School Fires. Topical Fire Research Series. Volume 8, Issue 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the past 3 years of data, for 2003 to 2005, from the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) database, the yearly national fire loss for fires on nonadult school properties is estimated at $85 million. Such losses are the result of an estimated annual average of 14,700 fires that required a fire department response. Fires on school

US Department of Homeland Security, 2007

2007-01-01

144

Key Issue: Preparing Teachers Effectively for At-Risk Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improving teacher preparation for successful teaching in at-risk schools will help at-risk schools and districts by doing the following: (1) Create stability and growth by retaining teachers; (2) Address the equitable distribution of highly qualified teachers; (3) Break the cycle of outdated teaching methods and low expectations; and (4) Raise…

Lasagna, Molly

2009-01-01

145

Are High School Grades Inflated? Issues in College Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To find out whether high school grade inflation exists, data drawn from students who took the ACT in the eleventh or twelfth grades and graduated from public high schools were examined. Because grade inflation is by definition a factor that develops over time, data from a relatively long period, 1991 to 2003, or 13 years were used. The number of…

ACT, Inc., 2005

2005-01-01

146

When a Parent Goes Off to War: Exploring the Issues Faced by Adolescents and Their Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objectives of this study were (1) to explore the consequences of parental deployment for adolescents and their families and (2) to identify potential strategies that may help adolescents cope with a parent's deployment. Eleven focus groups were conducted among adolescents in military families, military parents, and school personnel in…

Mmari, Kristin; Roche, Kathleen M.; Sudhinaraset, May; Blum, Robert

2009-01-01

147

Action in the Event Tent! Medical-Legal Issues Facing the Volunteer Event Physician  

PubMed Central

Context: Physicians need to consider medical-legal issues when volunteering their time to assist with community mass-participation and athletic events. This article also reviews medical-legal aspects of the volunteer physician’s out-of-state practice. Seven cases illustrate the importance of expertise and planning to avoid legal issues for the volunteer event physician. Evidence Acquisition: Relevant studies, expert opinion, medical-legal legislation, and medical-legal cases were reviewed. Results: Physicians typically make 4 common assumptions regarding these types of events: Good Samaritan legislation, event liability insurance, personal liability insurance, and waivers. We discuss the intent of these assumptions and the reality of how, or how not, they provide any protection to the volunteer event physician. Conclusion: The intent of this article is to make physicians aware of medial-legal issues when volunteering their time for community and athletic events. PMID:24459551

Ross, David S.; Ferguson, Alishia; Herbert, David L.

2013-01-01

148

Great Lakes Environmental Issues. Earth Systems - Education Activities for Great Lakes Schools (ES-EAGLS).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity book is part of a series designed to take a concept or idea from the existing school curriculum and develop it in the context of the Great Lakes using teaching approaches and materials appropriate for students in middle and high school. The subject of this book is environmental issues in the Great Lakes. Students learn about the…

Sheaffer, Amy L., Ed.

149

Conflicts of Ethos: Issues of Equity and Diversity in Faith-Based Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent rise in the number of faith-based schools in Britain creates some interesting issues. On the one hand it is clear that the government, and certainly former Prime Minister Tony Blair, perceives such schools as contributing not only to choice and diversity but also to the raising of educational standards. This appears to be because of an…

McNamara, Gerry; Norman, James

2010-01-01

150

Section 6 Schools in Six States: Eleven Case Studies of Transfer Issues. A RAND Note.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The case studies in this report analyze the issues surrounding possible transfer of 11 Section 6 school systems (federally run schools on military bases) to state and local responsibility. Each case study addresses the extent to which a site is ready for transfer and what type of transfer option might be appropriate to that particular site. An…

Purnell, Susanna W.; And Others

151

A Case Study of Environmental, Health and Safety Issues Involving the Burlington, Massachusetts Public School System. "Tips, Suggestions, and Resources for Investigating and Resolving EHS Issues in Schools."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An investigation was initiated concerning the environmental health within the Burlington, Massachusetts public school system to determine what specific environmental hazards were present and determine ways of eliminating them. This report presents 20 case studies that detail the environmental health issues involved, the approaches taken in…

Dresser, Todd H.

152

Beyond Academics: Challenging Issues Facing Community College Non-Academic Support Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research focused on identifying and exploring the significant current and emerging community college non-academic support service issues. These auxiliary services, not unlike academic or student affairs, support the community college mission and vision as well as students' academic success. Since December 2007, Americans have been…

Mitchell, Judith Lynn

2012-01-01

153

Psychosocial Issues Facing African and African American Women Diagnosed With Breast Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breast cancer is a global issue. The World Health Organization estimates that approximately 1.2 million people will receive a diagnosis of breast cancer each year. Breast cancer continues to be the most diagnosed cancer for all women, after skin cancer, both within the United States and worldwide. Although the incidence of breast cancer among African and African American women is

Godfrey Gregg

2009-01-01

154

Issues Facing Academic Library Consortia and Perceptions of Members of the Illinois Digital Academic Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the role of consortia in academic libraries, specifically the Illinois Digital Academic Library (IDAL), and describes a study conducted by the IDAL that investigated issues surrounding full text database research including stability of content, vendor communication, embargo periods, publisher concerns, quality of content, linking and…

Brooks, Sam; Dorst, Thomas J.

2002-01-01

155

Leveraging the Unique Features of Small, Rural Schools for Improvement. Lessons Learned. Volume 1, Issue 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much of the Northwest Region (Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington) is rural in nature. A characteristic of the extractive economies such as timber, agriculture, mining, and fisheries is that they are generally located in small communities isolated by distances. While schools in these communities face the same challenges as those in…

Nelson, Steve

2010-01-01

156

Improving Teacher Retention in California Public Schools. Research Brief. Issue #107  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California public schools face a number of challenges, including low academic performance and a shortage of fully credentialed teachers. One way to address these particular challenges is through teacher retention. Experienced teachers are more effective at raising student test scores, on average, than are teachers in their first year or two of…

Public Policy Institute of California, 2006

2006-01-01

157

Legal Issues in Educational Technology: Implications for School Leaders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses several legal issues involving the use of educational technology: Freedom of speech, regulation of Internet material harmful to minors, student-developed Web pages, harassment and hostile work environment, staff and student privacy, special education, plagiarism, and copyright issues. Includes recommendations for addressing technology…

Quinn, David M.

2003-01-01

158

Adolescents with Chronic Illnesses--Issues for School Personnel. Second Edition. CYDLINE Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide covers the psychosocial and health concerns of adolescents with chronic illnesses. In a section titled "Bibliographic Information," the guide describes 12 books on general medical and social aspects, three resources on demographics, four resources on school issues, and 14 resources on psychosocial and family issues. A section…

Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. National Center for Youth with Disabilities.

159

Ethical Issues in Providing Services in Schools to Children with Swallowing and Feeding Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article is a commentary and discussion of ethical issues in dysphagia services as related to school-based practice in speech-language pathology. Method: A review of the literature on ethical issues in the provision of speech-language pathology services to individuals with dysphagia was conducted, with particular emphasis on students…

Huffman, Nancy P.; Owre, DeAnne W.

2008-01-01

160

Awareness of Societal Issues among High School Biology Teachers Teaching Genetics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate how aware high school biology teachers are of societal issues (values, moral, ethic, and legal issues) while teaching genetics, genetics engineering, molecular genetics, human heredity, and evolution. The study includes a short historical review of World War II atrocities during the Holocaust when…

Lazarowitz, Reuven; Bloch, Ilit

2005-01-01

161

Nuclear Dangers: A Resource Guide for Secondary School Teachers. Teaching Nuclear Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provided in this guide are annotated lists of teacher and student resources for teaching and learning about nuclear issues in the secondary school. Resources are grouped into five major sections. The first section (background reading for teachers) contains books and articles focusing on nuclear issues (nuclear war; arms race/disarmament; nuclear…

Meier, Paulette; McPherson, Beth

162

Growing Up in a Nuclear World: A Resource Guide for Elementary School Teachers. Teaching Nuclear Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provided in this guide are annotated lists of teacher and student resources for teaching and learning about nuclear issues in the elementary/junior high school (grades K-8). Resources are grouped into five major sections. The first section (background reading for teachers) contains books and articles focusing on nuclear issues (nuclear war; arms…

Meier, Paulette; McPherson, Beth

163

The Problem of Catholic School Teachers Deferring to the Home on Controversial Religious Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper observes that an ironic tension occurs in the discussion of controversial issues in some Catholic schools. One technique that teachers use in response to student disagreement with the official Church view on a controversial issue like contraception, homosexuality, or female ordination is to present Church teaching but then suggest that…

McDonough, Graham P.

2010-01-01

164

Delivering School-Based Mental Health Services by School Psychologists: Education, Training, and Ethical Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consistent with the priority goals of the 2002 Future of School Psychology Conference, the National Association of School Psychologists' "Blueprint for Training and Practice III" advocates for school psychologists becoming "leading mental health experts in schools." In this regard, the present article reviews the prevalence and incidence of…

Perfect, Michelle M.; Morris, Richard J.

2011-01-01

165

Public School Revitalisation in Detroit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Too many children and not enough schools was once the issue facing urban school districts across the United States at the turn of the twentieth century. The rise of industrialisation and the subsequent influx of workers and immigrants overwhelmed urban areas and school planners alike, with everyone demanding access to public schools. However, a…

Cave, Christin

2010-01-01

166

Schooling in modern Europe exploring major issues and their ramifications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Basing its arguments on a major study conducted on behalf of the Academia Europaea by a study group coordinated by the author, this paper sets out a number of important findings concerning problems besetting schooling in modern Europe. The paper begins by stressing the importance of studying the state of European education at a particularly significant time when major political changes are taking place, trade and labour markets are in a process of rapid integration, schools as institutions are becoming increasingly complex and there is a need to establish a new European identity and consciousness. The main questions examined, against the current background of industrialization, urbanization, changing demography and growing European integration, are those relating particularly to educational response to growing international competition and the consequences of changing family structure. Among problems considered are those arising from the changing capacity of schools to provide a substitute for the family and other influences in modern society at a time when, for various reasons, these are declining and schooling is generally being prolonged. Priority areas proposed for school education in the new circumstances include the promotion of European citizenship, the teaching of foreign languages to all, a preparation for working life geared to its rapidly changing structure and the expansion of appropriate scientific and technological education. The need to find solutions to the problems of educating immigrant groups and to develop evaluation systems in order to monitor quality maintenance are particularly highlighted.

Husén, Torsten

1993-11-01

167

Thirty-five years of end-of-life issues in US medical schools.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to examine US medical school offerings on end-of-life issues between 1975 and 2010. Data were obtained from a mailed survey to the US medical schools in 1975, 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, and 2010. Survey response rates for the 8 points in time (in percentages) were 95, 96, 90, 90, 93, 92, 81, and 79, respectively. Between 1975 and 2010, the overall offerings in death and dying increased so that 100% of US medical schools, beginning in 2000, offered something on death and dying. A multidisciplinary-team approach continued over the 35-year period. Palliative care is offered to some extent in 99% of US medical schools today. Numerous end-of-life topics are currently covered in the curriculum. Increased attention to end-of-life issues in medical schools should enhance medical students' relationship with terminally ill patients and their families. PMID:21282128

Dickinson, George E

2011-09-01

168

School House Hype: Two Years Later. Policy Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1998, the Justice Policy Institute published "School House Hype: School Shootings and the Real Risks Kids Face," a report that examined the issue of school safety, and concluded that schools are the safest places for children to be. This report, inspired in part by recent school shootings, attempts to place the question of school violence and…

Brooks, Kim; Schiraldi, Vincent; Zeidenberg, Jason

169

Leadership Development and School Improvement: Contemporary Issues in Leadership Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is great interest in educational leadership in the early part of the twenty-first century. This is because of the widespread belief that the quality of leadership makes a significant difference to school and student outcomes. In many parts of the world, including both developed and developing countries, there is increasing recognition that…

Bush, Tony

2009-01-01

170

Investigation of noise issues at U-Hill Elementary School  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

University Hill Elementary School (U-Hill) has a reputation amongst its teachers, staff and parents as being a noisy school. The present work is an assessment of the acoustical environment at U-Hill with a focus on evaluating how various noise sources contribute to the total noise levels measured in four classrooms. A questionnaire was completed by several of U-Hill's teachers to determine their reactions to the school's acoustical environments and what they perceived to be the prevalent noise sources. Standard physical measurements of classroom background noise and reverberation time were made and compared to existing acceptability criteria. Measurements of sound propagation and transmission were made to determine how noise propagates in the hallway, as well as into and between adjacent learning spaces, and the effect of open doors and door grates. Dosimeters were used to monitor sound levels at various hallway source locations and received in the four classrooms studied. Octave-band measurements of typical noise-source levels, such as children walking in the hallways and entering through school doors were made. The measurement data was used to estimate the contributions to total noise levels in the four classrooms of the various noise sources inside and outside the classrooms.

York, Natalie; Hodgson, Murray

2005-04-01

171

On the Legal Issues of Teaching Evolution in Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to effectively teach evolution to all students, even those resistant to learning evolution, science teachers may question the extent to which religion can legally be discussed in the public high school science classroom. Evolution is taught from a variety of approaches, each of which has legal implications. Four approaches to teaching…

Hermann, Ronald S.

2013-01-01

172

School Meals Initiative (SMI). Nourishing News. Volume 4, Issue 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this newsletter is to help foodservice directors, supervisors, and managers successfully implement the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) School Meals Initiative (SMI) for Healthy Children regulations. Because there is so much available information on SMI, it can be overwhelming to find answers to your questions and concerns.…

Idaho State Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

173

Some research issues for the National College for School Leadership  

Microsoft Academic Search

The range of research literature potentially relevant to the work of a specialist institute for school leaders is enormous - even co-extensive with the corpus of educational research literature if the concerns of the leaders are broad enough. One way to achieve some focus, particularly in the early life of the College, would be to focus on research directly relevant

Barry McGaw

174

Study of Education Issues in Nine Louisiana School Districts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides an overview of education in Louisiana. The study on which the report is based on detailed examinations of financial and statistical data in nine individual school districts, covering the years 1996 to 1999. The study found that some key financial data were inaccurate and, in some cases, not even available. It examined the cost…

Louisiana State Legislative Auditor, Baton Rouge.

175

GIS in New Zealand Schools: Issues and Prospects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are undoubtedly many parallels between Australia and New Zealand in the history of geographic information system (GIS) in schools. These parallels occur in the social, institutional, professional development, and curricula areas, and each of these topics is considered in this article. In New Zealand at least, there is still a lot that needs…

Chalmers, Lex

2006-01-01

176

Public School Transportation: State Aid and Current Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter of "Principles of School Business Management" focuses on financing and managing transportation services for average and exceptional students. The chapter opens with a brief overview of the history of the development of transportation services and public responsibility for their provision. Current state funding models used to support…

Anthony, Patricia; Inman, Deborah

177

Farm to School Program. Nourishing News. Volume 4, Issue 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Idaho Farm to School Program works towards having Idaho grown food served to students in Idaho Child Nutrition Programs. This important program is emerging at meal times across Idaho and nationwide. Child Nutrition programs are buying fresh food directly from local farmers as a way of improving the quality and taste of their meals. These Farm…

Idaho State Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

178

Equal Access: School Entrance as an Equity Issue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This discussion of kindergarten education is intended to provide information that educators can use in their efforts to provide equal access to an excellent education for all children. Current and past approaches to kindergarten are delineated in discussions of changes in the nature of schooling, in society, and in the understanding of how…

Van Deusen-Henkel, Jenifer

179

Raising the Issue of Domestic Abuse in School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies suggest that around 30 per cent of children may witness domestic abuse, by which we mean physical or mental violence perpetrated by men on women. This paper reports the views of older children--a group from which there is little direct evidence available. Ninety-eight percent of pupils in a Scottish Secondary School consented to…

Alexander, Helen; Macdonald, Elspeth; Paton, Sandra

2005-01-01

180

Primary School Teachers' Understanding of Environmental Issues: An Interview Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses in-depth interviews to explore the understanding of a non-random sample of 12 practicing primary school teachers in four areas: (1) biodiversity; (2) the carbon cycle; (3) ozone; and (4) global warming. Identifies those underpinning science concepts that were well understood, and those which were not so well understood. (Author/SAH)

Summers, Mike; Kruger, Colin; Childs, Ann; Mant, Jenny

2000-01-01

181

Best Practices, Best Thinking, and Emerging Issues in School Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of writings presents leading research and key considerations to assist educational leaders in making decisions about new programs and new directions for their schools. Twenty-six chapters make up the book: (1) "Changing Demographics: A Call for Leadership" (Bud Hodgkinson); (2) "Media and Political Misrepresentation of Public…

Owings, William A., Ed.; Kaplan, Leslie S., Ed.

182

Consumer Education for High School Students. Trends and Issues Alerts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys have established that high school students are highly deficient in knowledge regarding basic topics typically covered in consumer education classes, such as economics, personal finance, and consumer rights and responsibilities. The following are among the current trends that have underscored the need for secondary consumer education: the…

Kerka, Sandra

183

What's New in USDA's Food Distribution Program for Schools? School Programs USDA Foods Update. Volume 14, Issue 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an update on all the new products and projects that U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) has been working on, in its effort to help schools meet the nutritional needs of the students and to help in the President's challenge to End Childhood Hunger by 2015. This issue includes: (1) Back to…

US Department of Agriculture, 2009

2009-01-01

184

Arsenal of democracy in the face of change: Issues and policy options in industrial preparedness planning  

SciTech Connect

This paper is one of a set of working papers that serves as a background material to a FEMA-sponsored study of Industrial Mobilization planning. It identifies issues that will lead to policy alternatives in support of industrial preparedness. To do this, a simple framework cross classifying types of economic interaction between the DOD and the private sector, given peacetime, surge, and mobilization requirements. Next, policy recommendations from ten recent studies are examined. These came from a variety of different groups and focused on potential actions by DOD, FEMA, Congress, the Navy, and others. These are summarized and restated to match the cross classification framework. The planning framework is then used to organize a set of recommendations around three themes --- acquisition and public/private sector relationships technology and factor input enhancing activities, and offshore sourcing and international competitiveness. The DOD has already addressed the acquisition issue at great length and has implemented the bulk of its findings. These will undoubtedly increase the effectiveness and efficiency of its operations. It cannot, however, by itself fully rationalize the acquisition process so that incentives to achieve greater efficiency are fully passed on to contractors. DOD can, however, revise its acquisition process so that surge provisions are a deliberate step in the contract of each sensitive procurement, and could require a surge analysis for each action, steps that would highlight preparations for surge. DOD should consider the creation of a new institution similar to, but more generic than SEMATECH to handle its activities that directly enhance the defense industrial base. It should also support the creation of a body whose goal it is to identify non-neutralities in government policy. 23 refs., 1 fig., 15 tabs.

Bjornstad, D.J.; Hardy, B.H.

1990-03-01

185

African American Students in Urban Schools: Critical Issues and Solutions for Achievement. Educational Psychology: Critical Pedagogical Perspectives. Volume 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"African American Students in Urban Schools" offers readers a critical yet comprehensive examination of the issues affecting African American students' outcomes in urban school systems and beyond. Across disciplines including teacher education, school counseling, school psychology, gifted education, career and technical education, higher…

Moore, James L., III, Ed.; Lewis, Chance W., Ed.

2012-01-01

186

Noise in Schools: A Holistic Approach to the Issue  

PubMed Central

Much of the research evidence relating to the physical learning environment of schools is inconclusive, contradictory or incomplete. Nevertheless, within this confusing area, research from a number of disciplines, using a range of methodologies, points to the negative impact of noise on students’ learning. In this paper, drawing on our systematic review of learning environments we review the weight of evidence in relation to noise, considering what implications the results of these studies have for the design and use of learning spaces in schools. We make four key points. Firstly that noise over a given level does appear to have a negative impact on learning. Secondly that beneath these levels noise may or may not be problematic, depending on the social, cultural and pedagogical expectations of the students and teachers. Thirdly we argue that when noise is deemed to be a difficulty, this finding cannot simply be translated into design prescriptions. The reasons for this indeterminacy include differing understandings of the routes through which noise produces learning deficits, as well as relationships between noise and other elements of the environment, particularly the impacts of physical solutions to noise problems. Finally, we suggest that solutions to noise problems will not be produced by viewing noise in isolation, or even as part of the physical environment, but through participatory approaches to understanding and adapting the structure, organisation and use of learning spaces in schools. PMID:20948959

Woolner, Pamela; Hall, Elaine

2010-01-01

187

Recycling issues facing target and RTL materials of inertial fusion designs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Designers of heavy ion (HI) and Z-pinch inertial fusion power plants have explored the potential of recycling the target and recyclable transmission line (RTL) materials as an alternate option to disposal in a geological repository. This work represents the first time a comprehensive recycling assessment was performed on both machines with an exact pulse history. Our results offer two divergent conclusions on the recycling issue. For the HI concept, target recycling is not a "must" requirement and the preferred option is the one-shot use scenario as target materials represent a small waste stream, less than 1% of the total nuclear island waste. We recommend using low-cost hohlraum materials once-through and then disposing of them instead of recycling expensive materials such as Au and Gd. On the contrary, RTL recycling is a "must" requirement for the Z-pinch concept in order to minimize the RTL inventory and enhance the economics. The RTLs meet the low level waste and recycling dose requirements with a wide margin when recycled for the entire plant life even without a cooling period. While recycling offers advantages to the Z-pinch system, it adds complexity and cost to the HI designs.

El-Guebaly, L.; Wilson, P.; Sawan, M.; Henderson, D.; Varuttamaseni, A.

2005-05-01

188

A quarter century of end-of-life issues in U.S. medical schools.  

PubMed

This study examined medical school offerings on end-of-life issues between 1975 and 2000. Five national surveys of US medical schools were conducted in 1975, 1980, 1985, 1995, and 2000 (response rates of 95%, 96%, 90%, 93%, and 92%, respectively). Results revealed that between 1975 and 2000, the offerings in death and dying increased. A multidisciplinary-team approach continued over the 25-year period. In 2000, palliative care was directly addressed in 87% of medical schools responding, and the majority of students were exposed to a hospice patient. The increased attention to death and dying in medical schools should enhance the medical student's relationship with terminally ill patients. An awareness of, and acquired knowledge about, these issues in the medicalization of students should result in end-of-life concerns being more tolerable for both patients, their families, and physicians. PMID:12243196

Dickinson, George E

2002-10-01

189

Schools with Federal Improvement Grants Face Challenges in Replacing Principals and Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several hundred of the nation's lowest-performing schools have recently undergone major changes in leadership and teaching staff to comply with federal requirements for using school improvement grants (SIGs) financed by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). In particular, schools that receive stimulus-funded SIG awards must…

McMurrer, Jennifer

2012-01-01

190

Review Article: Facing Two Ways? Reflections on Recent Research on Religious Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, author Trevor Cooling presents a review of three books that disseminate recent research on religious schools. The first, "Leadership and Religious Schools: International Perspectives and Challenges," edited by Michael T. Buchanan, is an edited volume of essays about leadership in religious schools. Editor Michael…

Cooling, Trevor

2014-01-01

191

Awareness of Societal Issues Among High School Biology Teachers Teaching Genetics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate how aware high school biology teachers are of societal issues (values, moral,\\u000a ethic, and legal issues) while teaching genetics, genetics engineering, molecular genetics, human heredity, and evolution.\\u000a The study includes a short historical review of World War II atrocities during the Holocaust when scientists from all the\\u000a above-mentioned disciplines had been involved

Reuven Lazarowitz; Ilit Bloch

2005-01-01

192

Face processing in the brains of pre-school aged children measured with MEG.  

PubMed

There are two competing theories concerning the development of face perception: a late maturation account and an early maturation account. Magnetoencephalography (MEG) neuroimaging holds promise for adjudicating between the two opposing accounts by providing objective neurophysiological measures of face processing, with sufficient temporal resolution to isolate face-specific brain responses from those associated with other sensory, cognitive and motor processes. The current study used a customized child MEG system to measure M100 and M170 brain responses in 15 children aged three to six years while they viewed faces, cars and their phase-scrambled counterparts. Compared to adults tested using the same stimuli in a conventional MEG system, children showed significantly larger and later M100 responses. Children's M170 responses, derived by subtracting the responses to phase-scrambled images from the corresponding images (faces or cars) were delayed in latency but otherwise resembled the adult M170. This component has not been obtained in previous studies of young children tested using conventional adult MEG systems. However children did show a markedly reduced M170 response to cars in comparison to adults. This may reflect children's lack of expertise with cars relative to faces. Taken together, these data are in accord with recent behavioural and neuroimaging data that support early maturation of the basic face processing functions. PMID:25463467

He, Wei; Brock, Jon; Johnson, Blake W

2015-02-01

193

Commissioning School Construction Projects. IssueTrak: A CEFPI Brief on Educational Facility Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "IssueTrak" discusses an increasing interest in verifying the installation and performance of building systems prior to delivery and final acceptance by the building owner. This interest in quality assurance has spawned a new and distinct professional construction discipline referred to as building commissioning. The principal objective of…

Keithly, Peter

2005-01-01

194

Socio-Economic Analysis of Neighborhood Issues Facing Milwaukee Public Schools Students and Their Families  

E-print Network

; incarceration and prisoner release rates; traffic dangers; and the housing foreclosure and eviction crises. CONTENTS Page Child Care Concerns 2 Child Safety: Crime and Traffic Accidents 4 High Incarceration Rates

Saldin, Dilano

195

School Engagement among Parents of Middle School Youth. Chapin Hall Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most researchers, policymakers, and educators believe that children do better in school when their parents are involved in their education. However, there is no gold standard for how to engage parents. Consequently, schools often employ a broad range of "parent involvement" efforts, with little clear evidence about what works best and for whom.…

D'Angelo, Angela Valdovinos; Rich, Lauren; Kohm, Amelia

2012-01-01

196

High School Reform and High School Afterschool: A Common Purpose. Afterschool Alert. Issue Brief No. 23  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school students and those who try to educate them have a tall order to fill. High schools must help create the workforce of the future by turning out graduates who have the 21st century skills that colleges and employers demand, while overcoming the achievement gap that exists for poor and minority students and fighting social pressures such…

Afterschool Alliance, 2005

2005-01-01

197

Virtual Schools: Trends and Issues. A Study of Virtual Schools in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides a summary and analysis of activities and trends of virtual schools (i.e., educational organizations that offer K-12 courses through Internet- or World Wide Web-based methods) across the United States. The study provides analysis of trends based on an online survey of state-approved or regionally accredited schools conducted…

Clark, Tom

198

Lesbian Teachers and Students: Issues and Dilemmas of Being "Out" in Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many lesbian teachers and students there are issues and dilemmas that challenge them being "out" in school environments. The purpose of this paper is to describe and explore the experiences of two lesbians in this context. This is a descriptive case study involving semi-structured interviews and conversations. The teacher and a student in the…

Hardie, Ann

2012-01-01

199

Health and Fitness: An Issue for High School Teachers and Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health and fitness are important issues for high school administrators, teachers, and students. Obesity is a growing concern for all ages, and it is particularly relevant for adolescents because they are at a stage in which they may be establishing habits that will last a lifetime. It is also a critical problem at this level because there is…

Steele, Marcee M.

2011-01-01

200

Sexuality and the Schools: Handling the Critical Issues. the Practicing Administrator's Leadership Series. Roadmaps to Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides suggestions for handling important and emotionally charged issues of sexuality in the schools. Six chapters offer information on teenage pregnancy, HIV and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), sexual orientation, sexual harassment, and sex education. The chapters are: (1) "Introduction"; (2) "Searching for Intimacy"…

Curcio, Joan L.; And Others

201

Community Financing of Schools in Less Developed Countries: Mechanisms and Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article highlights some issues raised at the 1985 Botswana workshop that focused on community financing of primary and secondary schools. Discusses mechanisms for raising resources (charges on pupils, resources from within the community, resources from outside the community), problems of quality and equity, and central guidance and control.…

Bray, Mark

1986-01-01

202

Science Theatre at School: Providing a context to learn about socio?scientific issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science theatre is recognised as a method for teaching socio?scientific issues (SSI), but is largely under?researched. The essence of science theatre at school is to shape a contextualisation for science and technology and its relationships to individuals and society at large, with the aim to trigger the imagination, raise questions and stimulate debate among the audience to increase their understanding

Nicolien F. Wieringa; Jac. A. A. Swart; Tony Maples; Lea Witmondt; Hilde Tobi; Henny J. van der Windt

2011-01-01

203

National Technology Standards for K-12 Schools: A Case Study of Unresolved Issues in Public Relations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses an important need--the dissemination of information relating to technology as a public relations tool--and the associated exigency for administrator and teacher technology training. Specifically, we identify the increased expectations for the performance of school leaders and teachers, as well as unresolved issues in public…

Mullen, Carol A.; Kealy, William A.; Sullivan, Ashley

2004-01-01

204

The Initial Education of High School Teachers: A critical review of major issues and trends  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper draws on major research findings in international literature in order to provide a critical review of a number of key issues and trends in the initial education of high school teachers. Firstly, this paper contextualizes the prevalent discourse surrounding the field of initial teacher education (ITE) and explores the effect that this discourse has on the conceptualization of

Ronald G. Sultana

2005-01-01

205

Law Schools Can't Meet the Demand for Courses on Internet Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports a high demand at law schools for courses on Internet issues, Cyberlaw, but notes that some critics question whether the topic warrants its own specialty. Suggests the appeal is based on intellectual excitement about the burgeoning field, the high technology comfort level of students who grew up with the Internet, and the promise of…

Mangan, Katherine S.

2000-01-01

206

Teaching end-of-life issues in US medical schools: 1975 to 2005.  

PubMed

This study examined medical school offerings on end-of-life issues between 1975 and 2005. Seven national surveys of US medical schools were conducted in 1975, 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000, and 2005 (response rates in percentages of 95, 96, 90, 90, 93, 92, and 81, respectively). Results revealed that between 1975 and 2005, the overall offerings in death and dying increased so that 100% of US medical schools, beginning in 2000, offered something on death and dying. A multidisciplinary-team approach continued over the 30-year period. Palliative care is offered in 94% of US medical schools, to some extent, and about a fourth of the schools offer students an opportunity to have a continuing relationship for several weeks with a terminally ill patient. Numerous end-of-life topics are currently covered in the curriculum. This increased attention to end-of-life issues in medical schools should enhance each medical student's relationship with terminally ill patients and their families. PMID:17060279

Dickinson, George E

2006-01-01

207

Facing the Consequences: An Examination of Racial Discrimination in U.S. Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1999, community organizations in several U.S. cities studied their local school districts to determine how they measured up in terms of racial justice. Using the computerized Racial Justice Report Card, they gathered data from 12 school districts. Only one district (Boston, Massachusetts) received a passing grade, and it was only a D. Results…

Gordon, Rebecca; Piana, Libero Della; Keleher, Terry

208

Facing the Shortage of Children's Librarians and And in Schools: Short Supply, Tall Orders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first of two articles examines lack of professional recognition and promotional opportunities for children's librarians, and suggests remedies to administrators, library schools, and librarians. The second reports a decreasing candidate pool of school media specialists and discusses this in terms of increased educational requirements and lack…

Somerville, Mary; Markuson, Carolyn

1987-01-01

209

The Many Faces of School-University Collaboration: Characteristics of Successful Partnerships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to help educators entering into school-university collaborative relationships have a clearer picture of conditions that drive successful partnerships. The models described include collaboration between a university and professional development school, consultation, one-to-one collaborations, and multiple collaboration…

Ravid, Ruth, Ed.; Handler, Marianne G., Ed.

210

Mobile Learning: New Tools Flying in the Face of the Same Old Schooling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currently mobile learning is making headlines in the educational press as a possible path for transforming education, just like it has significantly changed communication in business and society generally. Technology in American schools has a decades-long history of failure compared with its use outside schooling. Until the structure and political…

Berge, Zane L.

2013-01-01

211

In the Face of Danger: Comprehensive Emergency Preparedness and Response for Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools presently operate without a method for recognizing how the relational aspects of the school environment impacts physical safety. Using two previously unrelated frameworks, NIMS/ICS and the Taguiri model, this paper connects the formal curriculum to relational, administrative and physical safety. The first model presented, National Incident…

Cole, Verna; Henry, Bernice; Tyson, Douglas; Fitzgerald, Ray; Hopkins, Regina

2008-01-01

212

Tall Poppies: Bullying Behaviors Faced by Australian High-Performance School-Age Athletes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about Australian high-performance school-age athletes' experiences as victims of the tall poppy syndrome. Tall poppies are successful individuals bullied by those who are less successful in order to "normalize them." Nineteen current or previous national or international high-performance school-age athletes were…

O'Neill, Maureen; Calder, Angela; Allen, Bill

2014-01-01

213

Welcome to a Special Issue about the School-to-Prison Pipeline: The Pathway to Modern Institutionalization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this issue is to provide readers with a better understanding of the inexplicable connection between school, community, and incarceration, and how better prepared professionals can make a difference in the lives of youth in the school-to-prison pipeline (STPP). This issue provides readers with an awareness of the current status of the…

Houchins, David E.; Shippen, Margaret E.

2012-01-01

214

Fire Science Brief Issue 19 November 2008 Page 1 www.firescience.gov Seedlings of regenerating trees face site conditions altered by a century of fire exclusion.  

E-print Network

Fire Science Brief Issue 19 November 2008 Page 1 www.firescience.gov Seedlings of regenerating trees face site conditions altered by a century of fire exclusion. How does a Sierran Forest Grow? Fire, Thinning, and Regenerating Trees Summary Excluding fire over the last century has allowed canopy cover

North, Malcolm

215

Colleague 1990. An Annual Collection of Articles on Academic and Administrative Issues Facing Community Colleges of the State University of New York.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as a means of communicating creative ideas in community college education, this journal contains 12 articles on instructional and administrative issues facing the community colleges of the State University of New York. This collection includes the following: (1) "Egalitarian Education in an Elitist Environment," by Eduardo J. Marti; (2)…

State Univ. of New York, Albany.

216

Applying Employee Involvement in Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the applicability of employee-involvement approaches to the management of schools. Three approaches are described for organizations in general and then applied to schools in particular. We conclude with a discussion of the design issues facing schools if they were to consider a comprehensive employee-involvement strategy as a means to improve their performance.

Susan Albers Mohrman; Edward E. Lawler; Allan M. Mohrman

1992-01-01

217

Grading School Choice: Evaluating School Choice Programs by the Friedman Gold Standard. School Choice Issues in Depth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2004, The Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice published a report titled "Grading Vouchers: Ranking America's School Choice Programs." Its purpose was to measure every existing school choice program against the gold standard set by Milton and Rose Friedman: that the most effective way to improve K-12 education and thus ensure a stable…

Enlow, Robert C.

2008-01-01

218

Medical school accreditation in Australia: Issues involved in assessing major changes and new programs.  

PubMed

The Australian Medical Council (AMC) is an independent company for quality assurance and quality improvement in medical education in Australia and New Zealand. Accreditation procedures for the 20 medical schools in these two countries are somewhat different for three different circumstances or stages of school development: existing medical schools, established courses undergoing major changes, and new schools. This paper will outline some issues involved in major changes to existing courses, and new medical school programs. Major changes have included change from a 6 year undergraduate course to a 5 year undergraduate course or 4 year graduate-entry course, introduction of a lateral graduate-entry stream, new domestic site of course delivery, offshore course delivery, joint program between two universities, and major change to curriculum. In the case of a major change assessment, accreditation of the new or revised course may be granted for a period up to two years after the full course has been implemented. In the assessment of proposals for introduction of new medical courses, six issues needing careful consideration have arisen: forward planning, academic staffing, adequate clinical experience, acceptable research program, adequacy of resources, postgraduate training program and employment. PMID:21738838

Field, Michael J

2011-01-01

219

Medical school accreditation in Australia: Issues involved in assessing major changes and new programs  

PubMed Central

The Australian Medical Council (AMC) is an independent company for quality assurance and quality improvement in medical education in Australia and New Zealand. Accreditation procedures for the 20 medical schools in these two countries are somewhat different for three different circumstances or stages of school development: existing medical schools, established courses undergoing major changes, and new schools. This paper will outline some issues involved in major changes to existing courses, and new medical school programs. Major changes have included change from a 6 year undergraduate course to a 5 year undergraduate course or 4 year graduate-entry course, introduction of a lateral graduate-entry stream, new domestic site of course delivery, offshore course delivery, joint program between two universities, and major change to curriculum. In the case of a major change assessment, accreditation of the new or revised course may be granted for a period up to two years after the full course has been implemented. In the assessment of proposals for introduction of new medical courses, six issues needing careful consideration have arisen: forward planning, academic staffing, adequate clinical experience, acceptable research program, adequacy of resources, postgraduate training program and employment. PMID:21738838

2011-01-01

220

Using School Choice: Analyzing How Parents Access Educational Freedom. School Choice Issues in Depth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides a summary of the process parents must go through to participate in each of the nation's school choice programs, identifying problem areas in some programs. For the first time in one place, this report collects data on participation in each of the programs in current and previous years. Data are given for the number of students…

Forster, Greg

2005-01-01

221

The High Cost of High School Failure in New Jersey. School Choice Issues in the State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

State and local education officials in New Jersey tout the state's high school graduation rate as the highest in the nation. At the same time, independent research indicates that 40 percent of students in Newark drop out and only half of African-American students in urban districts graduate. Meanwhile, there is increasing concern in New Jersey…

Gottlob, Brian J.

2008-01-01

222

Home v. School: Issues for School Leaders in Reporting Child Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The education and legal literatures disclose significant disincentives for compliance with mandatory child abuse reporting laws. Although evidence indicates that school personnel understand their legal obligations and recognize signals of child abuse, they consistently underreport abuse occurring in home settings and are seldom held accountable.…

Wanat, Carolyn L.; And Others

1994-01-01

223

Team Teaching School Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graduate students preparing themselves for a career in school administration are typically apprehensive about the legal issues they will face in their first administrative position. After teaching school law for the first time, the author believed that there had to be a more effective way to reach these students rather than the traditional methods…

Vanko, John G.; Rogina, Raymond P.

2005-01-01

224

Nuclear Weapons and Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing debate on nuclear weapons in recent years has begun to make inroads into school curricula. Elementary and secondary school teachers now face the important task of educating their students on issues relating to nuclear war without indoctrinating them to a particular point of view. (JBM)

Howie, David I.

1984-01-01

225

Studies of Self-Pollution in Diesel School Buses: Methodological Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considerable interest has focused on levels of exhaust emissions in the cabins of diesel-powered school buses and their possible adverse health effects. Significantly different policy and engineering issues would be raised if compelling evidence found that in-c-cabin contamination was due to self-pollution from bus emissions, rather than ambient pollution, neighboring vehicles, and\\/or re-entrained road dust. We identified 19 reports from

Jonathan Borak; Greg Sirianni

2007-01-01

226

School Voices: Challenges Facing Education Systems after Identity-Based Conflicts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We describe our research on the role of education in the social reconstruction of countries after mass conflict. Our studies focus on the voices of those least heard in the discourse--teachers, students, administrators and parents. We examine schools in four societies that experienced profound violence, ethnic cleansing and genocide during the…

Weinstein, Harvey M.; Freedman, Sarah Warshauer; Hughson, Holly

2007-01-01

227

Are Schools Getting Tongue-Tied? ESL Programs Face New Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Spanish-speaking students, but the ESL map is undergoing a dramatic transformation that is challenging K12 schools to cope with a burgeoning number of different native languages--more than 100 in some locations--as new immigrants arrive in districts across the country. The number…

Schachter, Ron

2013-01-01

228

Democratizing Computer Science Knowledge: Transforming the Face of Computer Science through Public High School Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the fact that computer science (CS) is the driver of technological innovations across all disciplines and aspects of our lives, including participatory media, high school CS too commonly fails to incorporate the perspectives and concerns of low-income students of color. This article describes a partnership program -- Exploring Computer…

Ryoo, Jean J.; Margolis, Jane; Lee, Clifford H.; Sandoval, Cueponcaxochitl D. M.; Goode, Joanna

2013-01-01

229

Awareness of Societal Issues Among High School Biology Teachers Teaching Genetics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to investigate how aware high school biology teachers are of societal issues (values, moral, ethic, and legal issues) while teaching genetics, genetics engineering, molecular genetics, human heredity, and evolution. The study includes a short historical review of World War II atrocities during the Holocaust when scientists from all the above-mentioned disciplines had been involved in trying to support and develop the eugenics theories. It investigates pre- and postwar theories of the eugenics movement in the United States which were implemented successfully in Germany and a literature survey of the studies of societal issues related to these subjects. The sample consisted of 30 male and female biology teachers. Enclosed are teachers' answers in favor or against including debates about societal issues in their classrooms while teaching the disciplines mentioned above. Teachers' answers were analyzed in relation to three variables: years of teaching experience, gender, and religion faith. Data were collected from questionnaires and personal interviews and analyzed according to qualitative and quantitative methods. The results show that amongst the teachers there is a medium to low level of awareness of societal issues, while mainly emphasizing scientific subjects in preparation of matriculation examinations. The majority of the teachers do not include societal issues in their teaching, but if students raise these issues, teachers claimed to address them. No differences in teachers' opinions to societal issues were found in relation to gender or religious faith. Teachers with more years of teaching experience tend to teach with a more Science, Technology, and Society (STS) approach than novice teachers. The results are discussed in relation to teachers' professional development and teaching strategies are suggested to be used in their classrooms based on a STS approach, which includes the societal issues as a main goal.

Lazarowitz, Reuven; Bloch, Ilit

2005-12-01

230

Responding To Infectious Disease: Multiple Cases of Staph Infections in a Rural School District. Lessons Learned From School Crises and Emergencies, Volume 3, Issue 3, 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Lessons Learned" is a series of publications that are a brief recounting of actual school emergencies and crises. This "Lessons Learned" issue focuses on an incident involving several cases of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) at a rural high school. MRSA is a specific strain of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria (often called staph)…

US Department of Education, 2008

2008-01-01

231

School Reform and Related Issues. Proceedings of the Conference of the University Urban Schools National Task Force (5th, Palm Beach, Florida, November 11-12, 1983).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The theme of the conference reported on here was school reform and related issues. An introductory statement, "Thoughts on School Reform," by Jerome Bruner, and a list of conference participants are followed by a group of papers on education and politics. The papers are "Reform and Partnership in Education," by Albert Shanker; "Mandating…

Bossone, Richard M., Ed.; Polishook, Irwin, Ed.

232

Study of Issues Related to the Implementation of Computer Technology in Schools. Final Report, July, 1981. Technical Report No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined ways in which microcomputers are used in schools and the complex issues that surround their implementation. Three fictional geographically distinct school districts with a diversity of microcomputer applications at both the elementary and secondary levels were studied: Salerno, a large southern city; Granite, a midwestern city;…

Sheingold, Karen; And Others

233

How Northwest Region States Are Supporting Schools in Need of Improvement. Issues & Answers. REL 2007-No. 009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the systems of technical assistance and support that Northwest Region states implemented during 2005-2006 for schools in need of improvement. By highlighting key characteristics and differences among state systems, the intent is to stimulate an analysis of what states can do and what issues they might address to move schools

Davis, Deborah; Krasnoff, Basha; Moilanen, Carolyn; Sather, Susan; Kushman, James

2007-01-01

234

School Psychology Publishing Contributions to the Advancement of Knowledge, Science, and Its Application: An Introduction to the Themed Issue  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This introductory article briefly reviews the studies and commentaries making up this themed issue on the process and products of professional publications in school psychology. Each article highlights important considerations for advancing scholarly scientific publishing in the field of school psychology. A case is made that enhancing the quality…

Eckert, Tanya L.; Hintze, John M.

2011-01-01

235

Future School Administration: Western and Asian Perspectives. Educational Studies Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This edited volume brings together a number of chapters on key issues of educational administration and policy facing schools and school systems in varied parts of the world. There is a growing international interest in and respect for the attributes and achievements of students, schools, and school systems in different parts of the world. Asian…

Dimmock, Clive, Ed.; Walker, Allan, Ed.

236

Science Education and the Challenges Facing Its Integration into the 21st Century School System in a Globalized World: A Case of Igbo Nation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a study of historical foundations of science education in Igboland, its nature and scope as well as the challenges facing its integration into the 21st century school system in a globalized world. The authors found that there were many scientific activities in Igbo culture, but many problems hinder their integration into the basic…

Ezeudu, F. O.; Nkokelonye, C. U.; Ezeudu, S. A.

2013-01-01

237

Can Tag Help Schools Teach?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Elementary schools are faced with a challenge: boosting student learning in an era when students face far more than schoolwork-related difficulties. Too often today, kids enter the classroom contending with issues ranging from bullying and emotional trauma to family instability and economic hardship--which can lead to behavioral problems that…

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 2012

2012-01-01

238

Envisioning equity: Teacher leaders reflect on issues of multiculturalism and school science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research arose out of both my interest in issues related to multiculturalism and [school] science, and the existing research base, which is relatively robust in relation to both the nature of [school] science and issues of multiculturalism, but more impoverished in its interrogation of the nexus of the two. In light of this, I was interested in examining the understandings' that five teacher leaders have about how issues of multiculturalism relate to school science. Data collection for this study took place over an eighteen month period as we worked together in an action research framework, most notably in a semester-long Masters course entitled 'Diversity and Equity in Science Education.' Methodologically, this work was framed by feminist poststructuralism and a commitment to change via action research. I collected data via interviews, extended writing pieces, group critical conversations, and informally through conversations, field notes and e-mail messages. I analyzed the data corpus using a combination of grounded theorizing to identify themes emerging from the data, and then read those themes through the heuristic of Schwab's commonplaces of teaching---the learner, the teacher, the subject-matter, and the milieu---plus a fifth integrative dimension, curriculum decision-making. The feminist poststructuralist theoretical framework was most helpful in surfacing the problematics, or tensions, which arose in each of the commonplaces. As such, this work documents multiple understandings about the aspects of the reformist slogan "science for all" as interrogated through the five commonplaces. I examine many of these problematics, and then examine what generative possibilities for us as teachers and researchers are fostered by thinking from the resultant complexities and ambiguities.

Letts, William J., IV

2005-07-01

239

What Issues Will Confront Public Education in the Years 2000 and 2020? Predictions of Chief State School Officers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents chief state school officers' rankings of 11 critical issues for the years 2000 and 2020. Finds, among other things, that the three issues perceived as most likely to be very important in 2000 were: student preparation in the workplace; utilization of technology in instruction; and providing a safe environment for learning. (SR)

Morgan, Alan D.; Matranga, Myrna; Peltier, Gary L.; Hill, George C.

1998-01-01

240

LGBT Legal Issues in Jesuit Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Issues facing the LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) community can prove to be a legal nightmare for college and university administrators to address, particularly at religiously affiliated institutions like Jesuit colleges. Administrators have to walk a fine line between nondiscrimination statutes and the religious beliefs and teachings of the school's affiliation. This paper explores the main legal issues pertaining

Bryce Hughes

241

School Choice in Urban America: Magnet Schools and the Pursuit of Equity. Critical Issues in Educational Leadership Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The policies and practices that shape magnet schools are examined, and the meaning and importance of magnet schools are explored. The chapters are: (1) "School Choice in the Public Arena"; (2) "The Context of Magnet Schools: The Policies and Politics of Desegregation in Cincinnati and St. Louis"; (3) "Magnet Schools and the Social Context of…

Smrekar, Claire; Goldring, Ellen

242

Attitude of medical school students in China towards genetic testing and counseling issues in FXS.  

PubMed

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common form of inherited intellectual disability. However, genetic testing protocols and genetic counseling guidelines for FXS are not yet established in mainland China. In the present study, we conducted a comprehensive analysis using a self-administered questionnaire among students at the Xiangya medical school to investigate their attitude towards genetic testing and counseling issues of FXS. We have gained a general understanding of the attitudes of medical students towards these FXS issues in China. This information is of immense importance to develop appropriate genetic tests and to train counselors for FXS. As the medical school students surveyed are prospective physicians who will be a part of the Chinese health system, our survey was focused on the basic knowledge of FXS, population-based FXS screening, confidentiality and reproductive options for mutation carriers. The study demonstrated that only less than one third of the participants had heard about FXS. 94.6 % of participants were in favor of FXS screening for women in their reproductive age who had a genetic history of FXS. Furthermore, only half of the participants would inform their families about their genetic status in case of positive test results, and more than half of the participants supported natural conception and prenatal diagnosis for FXS mutation carriers. Additional findings and research implications are also discussed. This survey targeting potential doctors provides important information for the development of FXS genetic test and counselor training for the Chinese health system. PMID:23955144

Li, Jia; Huang, Wen; Luo, Shiyu; Lin, Yunting; Duan, Ranhui

2013-12-01

243

Creating School Communities through Music  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are many problems facing educators today. Student retention, standardized test scores, and motivational issues are only a few. It seems that students are dropping out of school at higher rates and having more difficulty finding motivation to do well on their school work and standardized tests. This sought to investigate strategies that…

Marasco, Katelyn

2011-01-01

244

A Family Facing End of Life Issues of a Person with Learning Disabilities--A Personal Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2005, the Royal College of Psychiatry Faculty of Learning Disability's three judges unanimously awarded the inaugural Medical Student Essay Prize to Ian Harwood, a mature medical student at Barts & The London School of Medicine. This reflective piece records an undergraduate's contact with an adolescent suffering from advanced Sanfillipo…

Harwood, Ian

2007-01-01

245

School Readiness: What Does It Mean for Indigenous Children, Families, Schools and Communities? Issues Paper No. 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the state and local level, many school systems, districts and early childhood networks have developed approaches and programs to support children's transition to school. These programs often address school readiness. There are many definitions of school readiness. Some refer to the skills and attributes of individual children, defining it as…

Dockett, Sue; Perry, Bob; Kearney, Emma

2010-01-01

246

Steps for Developing a School Emergency Management Plan. Helpful Hints for School Emergency Management. Volume 2, Issue 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The U.S. Department of Education's Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools strongly encourages schools and school districts to develop emergency management plans within the context of the four phases of emergency management: prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. In addition, schools should collaborate closely with police, fire…

US Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

247

From Paper to Practice: Challenges Facing a California Charter School. A Report Presented to the San Diego Unified School Board. Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Signed into law on September 2, 1992, California's charter-school law has led to the approval of over 100 charter schools. San Diego City Schools (SDCS) was one of the first districts to sponsor charter schools, including the Harriet Tubman School, 1 year after the law became effective. This document provides a brief overview and summary of a case…

WestEd, San Francisco, CA.

248

From Paper to Practice: Challenges Facing a California Charter School. A Report Presented to the San Diego Unified School Board. Technical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Signed into law on September 2, 1992, California's charter-school law has led to the approval of over 100 charter schools. San Diego City Schools (SDCS) was one of the first districts to sponsor charter schools, including the Harriet Tubman School, 1 year after the law became effective. This report provides a brief overview and summary of a case…

WestEd, San Francisco, CA.

249

Cyber Charter Schools: Evolution, Issues, and Opportunities in Funding and Localized Oversight  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cyber schools, also known as virtual schools, are noteworthy charter school developments that provide viable options for education. Charter schools in general and cyber charter schools in particular are not "revenue neutral" to local school districts. Nationwide, hundreds of millions of dollars allocated for education are being routed into charter…

Ellis, Kathleen

2008-01-01

250

Digital Media & Learning in Afterschool. MetLife Foundation Afterschool Alert. Issue Brief No. 58  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Afterschool Alliance, in partnership with MetLife Foundation, is proud to present the final issue brief in its latest series of four issue briefs examining critical issues facing middle school youth and the vital role afterschool programs play in addressing these issues. This brief explores afterschool and digital learning. At the core of…

Afterschool Alliance, 2013

2013-01-01

251

Functional Brain Activation to Emotional and non-Emotional Faces in Healthy Children: Evidence for Developmentally Undifferentiated Amygdala Function During the School Age Period  

PubMed Central

The amygdala is a key region in emotion processing. Particularly, fMRI studies have demonstrated that the amygdala is active during the viewing of emotional faces. Previous research has consistently found greater amygdala responses to fearful faces as compared to neutral faces in adults, convergent with a focus in the animal literature on the amygdala's role in fear processing. Studies have found that the amygdala also responds differentially to other facial emotion types in adults. Yet, the literature regarding when this differential amygdala responsivity develops is limited and mixed. Thus, the goal of current study was to examine amygdala responses to emotional and neutral faces in a relatively large sample of healthy school age children (N = 52). While the amygdala was active in response to emotional and neutral faces, the results do not support the hypothesis that the amygdala responds differentially to emotional faces in 7 – 12 year old children. Nonetheless, amygdala activity was correlated with the severity of subclinical depression symptoms and emotional regulation skills. Additionally, sex differences were observed in frontal, temporal, and visual regions as well as effects of pubertal development in visual regions. These findings suggest important differences in amygdala reactivity in childhood. PMID:23636982

Pagliaccio, David; Luby, Joan L.; Gaffrey, Michael S.; Belden, Andrew C.; Botteron, Kelly N.; Harms, Michael P.; Barch, Deanna M.

2013-01-01

252

Faces in a Crowd: The Individual Learner in Multisection Courses. Issues in Language Program Direction: A Series of Annual Volumes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The papers in this collection fall into three categories. Part 1, "Overview of Research," includes "New Directions in Language Anxiety Research" (Dolly Jesusita Young) and "Native Genderlects and Their Relation to Gender Issues in Second Language Classrooms: The Sex of Our Students as a Sociolinguistic Variable" (Lydie E. Meunier). Part 2,…

Klee, Carol A., Ed.

253

Flower Face Face Face Face Flower Tree Tree Tree Tree  

E-print Network

Flower Flower Flower Flower Flower Face Face Face Face Flower Flower Tree Tree Tree Tree Flower Sign Face Face Face Face Sign Sign Building Sign Water Sky Tree Building Building Building Sign Book Building Building Building Sign Bird Bird Road Tree Grass Road Road Bird Sky #12;Bird Bird Water Bird Grass

Chen, Tsuhan

254

Consolidation of Rural Schools: Mount Desert Island, Maine: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past and present, the communities of Mount Desert Island in Maine have faced the issue of school consolidation. In 1948, the four towns of Mount Desert Island each had their own high school and several elementary schools. Despite an extensive survey and community discussion, the vote to consolidate into one high school was defeated in 1949…

Lawrence, Barbara Kent

255

Drugs Education and Prevention for School-Aged Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drug misuse in Northern Ireland, like many parts of the world, is becoming one of the major issues facing society today. A first stage to addressing this problem is effective drugs education and prevention strategies to school-aged young people. A survey of a range of education providers including mainstream and special needs schools, and school

McCrystal, Patrick; Winning, Kerry

2009-01-01

256

School Boundaries: Finding Solutions While Gaining Community Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some of the most complicated issues facing school districts across the country revolve around resource allocation and student assignment planning. Determining school attendance boundaries, selecting sites for new schools, closing existing ones, balancing seat utilization while minimizing travel costs, and achieving socioeconomic diversity are all…

Lazarus, William

2010-01-01

257

The Legal Content of School Psychology Journals: A Systematic Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The many challenges that school psychologists face inevitably include legal issues. In light of the agreement between the two primary professional organizations for school psychologists that understanding of law is a critical competency, this study analyzed the extent of law-based articles in leading school psychology journal articles published…

Zaheer, Imad; Zirkel, Perry A.

2014-01-01

258

Estimating College Enrollment Rates for Virginia Public High School Graduates. Summary. Issues & Answers. REL 2011-No. 104  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief document summarizes findings from "Estimating College Enrollment Rates for Virginia Public High School Graduates. Issues & Answers. REL 2011-No. 104." Using data from the National Student Clearinghouse and the Virginia Department of Education, the report examines college enrollment rates overall and by student academic and demographic…

Holian, Laura; Mokher, Christine

2011-01-01

259

Humane handling of end-of-life issues the aim of program at U of O medical schools.  

PubMed

The University of Ottawa medical school has launched a program to help students deal with end-of-life issues. One of its speakers is a cancer patient upset with a physician's handling of his case. Organizers hope to gauge the impact of the program through a study of its effectiveness. PMID:8612262

Jette, R

1996-04-15

260

Volume 3 Issue 2 November 2008 School of Nursing University of California,San Francisco The Physio Flyer  

E-print Network

Volume 3 Issue 2 November 2008 School of Nursing University of California,San Francisco The Physio Gerontology Specialty......... 2-3 CCT/Trauma Specialty.........4 Oncology Specialty..............5-7 Hartford of the members and students of the Department of Physiological Nursing. You will see, as you read through

Soloveichik, David

261

Technology and Education: Issues in Administration, Policy and Applications in K12 Schools. (Advances in Educational Administration, Volume 8)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In today's society where most students own MP3 players, engage in constant instant messaging and downloading from the Internet, more than ever school administrators and staff should be aware of issues in administration, policy, and applications. This book provides a comprehensive presentation of current policies and practices of technology in…

Tettegah, Sharon Y., Ed.; Hunter, Richard C, Ed.

2006-01-01

262

Confronting the Youth Demographic Challenge: The Labor Market Prospects of Out-of-School Young Adults. Policy Issues Monograph.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The labor market prospects of out-of-school young adults and options for improving the employment and earnings potential of all young adults were examined. The following issues were among those considered: demographic and social factors affecting young adults' employment prospects; employment trends and labor market problems in the United States…

Sum, Andrew; Fogg, Neeta; Mangum, Garth

263

Greek Primary School Teachers' Understanding of Current Environmental Issues: An Exploration of Their Environmental Knowledge and Images of Nature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the Greek primary school teachers' understanding of three current environmental issues (acid rain, the ozone layer depletion, and the greenhouse effect) as well as the emerging images of nature were examined. The study revealed that teachers held several environmental knowledge gaps and misconceptions about the three phenomena.…

Michail, Sirmo; Stamou, Anastasia G.; Stamou, George P.

2007-01-01

264

High School Students' Informal Reasoning Regarding a Socio-Scientific Issue, with Relation to Scientific Epistemological Beliefs and Cognitive Structures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship among 68 high school students' scientific epistemological beliefs (SEBs), cognitive structures regarding nuclear power usage, and their informal reasoning regarding this issue. Moreover, the ability of students' SEBs as well as their cognitive structures for predicting their informal reasoning regarding…

Wu, Ying-Tien; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2011-01-01

265

Assessment of Health Issues and Concerns of Israeli Seventh Graders during School Physician Examinations: A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The "AMA Guidelines for Adolescent Preventive Services" (GAPS) recommends annual medical evaluations during adolescence, emphasizing screening and counseling regarding psychosocial issues. In Israel, seventh graders undergo medical examinations within the school health services, focusing on the detection of physical conditions. We…

Knishkowy, Barry; Amitai, Yona; Hardoff, Daniel; Levy, Yehoshua; Kiro, Amnon

2007-01-01

266

Avoiding Legal Hassles: What School Administrators Really Need To Know. Successful Schools: Guidebooks to Effective Educational Leadership. Volume 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information to help school administrators avoid legal problems is provided in this guidebook. Chapter 1 explains the governance of public education at the federal, state, and local levels, with a focus on the role of local school boards. Chapter 2 outlines the major legal issues facing schools today, with a focus on the broad drift of…

Streshly, William A.; Frase, Larry E.

267

Strained Schools Face Bleak Future: Districts Foresee Budget Cuts, Teacher Layoffs, and a Slowing of Education Reform Efforts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many school districts had to cope with shrinking budgets this past school year, but the effects of these cuts were cushioned to some extent by the availability of federal economic stimulus money. In 2009 and 2010, school districts received about $80 billion from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). These funds were intended…

Kober, Nancy; Rentner, Diane Stark

2011-01-01

268

Social and Institutional issues in the Adoption of School-based Technology-aided Sexual Health Education Program  

PubMed Central

Objective: School-based sexual health education interventions can reach young people of diverse backgrounds and equip them with knowledge and skills for protecting themselves against HIV/AIDS, unwanted pregnancies, and live healthy and responsible lives. However, given that school-based sexual health education intervention are health projects implemented in educational settings, variety of social and institutional issues can present challenges. This study aimed to obtain rich insights into the facilitating or inhibiting mediators for the implementation of a school-based sexual health education intervention in Uganda. Method: This study conducted 16 qualitative interviews to investigate the mediators for the implementation of the school-based sexual health education intervention based on experiences of two Ugandan schools: the school which successfully completed the implementation of the intervention, and the school which abandoned the intervention half-way the implementation. Results: Rather than the technological aspects, results indicate that the implementation was strongly influenced by interplay of social and institutional mediators, which were more favourable in the “successful” school than in the “failure school”. These mediators were: perceived students’ vulnerability to HIV and unwanted pregnancies; teachers’ skills and willingness to deliver the intervention, management support; match with routine workflow, social-cultural and religious compatibility, and stakeholder involvement. Conclusion: Rather than focusing exclusively on technological aspects, experiences from this evaluation suggest the urgent need to also create social, institutional, and religious climate which are supportive of school-based computer-assisted sexual health education. Evidence-based recommendations are provided, which can guide potential replications, improvements, and policy formulation in subsequent school-based sexual health education interventions. PMID:23923098

Musiimenta, Angella

2013-01-01

269

Looking at the Data: Afterschool Programs Using Data to Better Serve Students. Metlife Foundation Afterschool Alert. Issue Brief No. 66  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Afterschool Alliance, in partnership with MetLife Foundation, is proud to present the final issue brief in their latest series of four issue briefs examining critical issues facing middle school youth and the vital role afterschool programs play in addressing these issues. This brief explores afterschool and data utilization to improve…

Afterschool Alliance, 2014

2014-01-01

270

A State Policymaker's Guide to Alternative Authorizers of Charter Schools. ECS Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since their inception, charter schools have been controversial. Because they often operate outside the direct control of school boards, superintendents and teachers unions, these entities usually view charter schools skeptically. The funding of charter schools also has provoked discomfort among these entities because they feel money is unfairly…

Hassel, Bryan; Ziebarth, Todd; Steiner, Lucy

2005-01-01

271

The High Cost of Maryland's Dropout Rate. School Choice Issues in the State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a divide in Maryland's schools. Although the state's high school graduation rate is above the national average, its urban school districts have suffered from years of decline. In 2007, the Baltimore city school district's graduation rate was only 35 percent, compared to 81.5 percent in Baltimore's suburbs and 76 percent statewide. The…

Hauke, Justin P.

2008-01-01

272

Improving Charter School Leadership. NGA Center for Best Practices Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After the quality of a school's teachers, the quality of a school's leaders is the most influential school-based factor affecting student learning, and research indicates that leadership impacts student achievement the most in academic settings serving students who traditionally have not done well in school. In an effort to provide high-quality…

National Governors Association, 2008

2008-01-01

273

New Nutrition Standards for Idaho School Meals. Nourishing News. Volume 4, Issue 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Idaho Child Nutrition Programs (CNP) released the New Nutrition Standards for Idaho School Meals in January 2009 with the recommendation that all School Food Authorities fully implement the New Nutrition Standards for Idaho School Meals into their programs starting August 2009. Along with the release of the New Nutrition Standards for Idaho School

Idaho State Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

274

GOOD to GOVERN: Evaluating the Capacity of Charter School Founding Boards. Authorizing Matters. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is the board that selects, supports, and terminates when necessary, the school leader. It is the board that ensures that the school is operationally and financially viable. It is the board that partners with the school leader to define academic excellence and then holds the bar high insisting that the school delivers. An authorizer's success in…

Cornell-Feist, Marci

2007-01-01

275

Engaging High School Students as Co-Researchers in Qualitative Research: Logistical, Methodological and Ethical Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores six phases of a research project designed specifically to engage high school students as co-researchers in a multisite qualitative study exploring perceptions of tobacco use among high school students in four schools. It describes how university researchers collaborated with the high school students and summarizes seven major…

Miller, Dana L.; McVea, Kristine L. S. P.; Creswell, John W.; Harter, Lynn; Mickelson, William; McEntarffer, Rob

276

From policy to practice: the challenges of providing high quality physical education and school sport faced by head teachers within primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Despite considerable investment in UK government initiatives (e.g., the Physical Education School Sport [PESS] plan) aimed at improving the delivery and quality of physical education (PE) in primary schools, many remaining problems have been highlighted (e.g., facilities; staff training). It is suggested that the head teacher (school principal) plays a fundamental role in the experience of PE delivery within

Paul Rainer; Brendan Cropley; Stuart Jarvis; Rob Griffiths

2011-01-01

277

From policy to practice: the challenges of providing high quality physical education and school sport faced by head teachers within primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Despite considerable investment in UK government initiatives (e.g., the Physical Education School Sport [PESS] plan) aimed at improving the delivery and quality of physical education (PE) in primary schools, many remaining problems have been highlighted (e.g., facilities; staff training). It is suggested that the head teacher (school principal) plays a fundamental role in the experience of PE delivery within

Paul Rainer; Brendan Cropley; Stuart Jarvis; Rob Griffiths

2012-01-01

278

Afterschool: Supporting Career and College Pathways for Middle School Age Youth. MetLife Foundation Afterschool Alert. Issue Brief No. 46  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to ensure that middle school youth are on a path toward higher education and careers, an early introduction to the importance of continuing education past high school is necessary. The middle school years are a vital time to teach the importance of college and career readiness and the linkages to success in life. This issue brief…

Afterschool Alliance, 2011

2011-01-01

279

The Impact of Mentoring Programs on Teachers in Urban Middle Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Retaining teachers is a pressing issue facing many urban middle schools in the southern US. Urban middle schools continually face increased teacher turnover rates in spite of state mandated induction and mentoring programs. Drawing from Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory, the purpose of the qualitative case study was to examine urban middle…

Wider, Beyonka Shantel

2012-01-01

280

High School Students' Perceptions of School Science and Science Careers: A Critical Look at a Critical Issue  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Disproportionate representation of males and females in science courses and careers continues to be of concern. This article explores gender differences in Australian high school students' perceptions of school science and their intentions to study university science courses. Nearly 3800 15-year-old students responded to a range of 5-point Likert…

Quinn, Frances; Lyons, Terry

2011-01-01

281

Measuring Up: Assessment Issues for Teachers, Counselors, and Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book attempts to promote improved understanding of assessment concepts by addressing the broad expanse of issues facing educators as they go about their duties and fulfill their responsibilities in schools and classrooms. The chapters in the book address some of the "hot button" issues related to testing and assessment in our nation's…

Wall, Janet E., Ed.; Walz, Garry R., Ed.

282

End-of-life and palliative care issues in medical and nursing schools in the United States.  

PubMed

Medical and nursing schools in the United States have traditionally had a limited emphasis on end-of-life care. The present study is a comparison of these 2 professional programs' current offerings on death education. Data were gathered via a mailed survey from the 122 medical schools in 2005 and the 580 baccalaureate nursing programs in 2006. Return rates of 81% and 71%, respectively, were received. All medical schools and 99% of nursing schools reported offering something on death and dying, with over 90 % of students in these programs participating. The average number of hours offered in both professional programs is less than 15. Over 87% in both programs have offerings in palliative care. Whereas nursing programs rely almost solely on nurses for end-of-life course provisions, medical schools are more interdisciplinary by faculty. End-of-life issues are presented in both medical and nursing curricula, though on a limited basis. This emphasis exposes students to the issues, though not in an in-depth way. PMID:17853525

Dickinson, George E

2007-09-01

283

Arts Enrichment in Afterschool. MetLife Foundation Afterschool Alert. Issue Brief No. 56  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Afterschool Alliance, in partnership with MetLife Foundation, is proud to present the second in its latest series of four issue briefs examining critical issues facing middle school youth and the vital role afterschool programs play in addressing these issues. This brief explores afterschool and arts enrichment. The arts have the remarkable…

Afterschool Alliance, 2012

2012-01-01

284

Capacity Building: Sustaining Urban Secondary Schools as Resilient Self-Renewing Organizations in the Face of Standardized Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historically, the progressive ideas of innovative schools have influenced the professional practice of North American educators since the latter part of the 19th century. Indeed, since the beginning of an industrial society, and now with the birth of globalization and a knowledge economy, there has been a need for public schools to sustain their…

Giles, Corrie

2008-01-01

285

Beyond Black and White. New Faces and Voices in U.S. Schools. SUNY Series, Power, Social Identity, and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection explores diversity in American schools by opening the discussion to the unprecedented diversity of children in American schools. Sections on rethinking familiar minorities, newcomers to the country, and other, often unrecognized minorities, deal with the common themes of minority status, marginality, and resistance. The following…

Seller, Maxine, Ed.; Weis, Lois, Ed.

286

Stricter School Soda Limits Offered: Facing Lawsuit Threat, Beverage Industry Vows to Curb High-Calorie Drinks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The soft-drink industry vowed to voluntarily curb selling sugary sodas and other high-calorie beverages in schools, a move that was taken under threat of litigation by critics who see the industry as a prime culprit in a national obesity crisis. The promise offered no guarantee that schools would go along with the restrictions, though many…

Samuels, Christina A.

2006-01-01

287

A Wall of Faces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Visitors to the campus of Orland High School (OHS) will never question that they have stepped into a world of the masses: kids, activity, personalities, busyness, and playfulness--a veritable cloud of mild bedlam. The wall of ceramic faces that greets a visitor in the school office is another reminder of the organized chaos that the teachers…

Stevens, Lori

2008-01-01

288

Parents' Participation and Chicago School Reform: Issues of Race, Class and Expectations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most studies of the early implementation of Chicago (Illinois) school reform have focused on the creation and early functioning of the Local School Councils (LSCs). This study is concerned with understanding the resources that different school communities have to embrace the LSC reform, the time frame needed to promote educational change, and the…

Rollow, Sharon G.; Bennett, Michael

289

How Safe Are You at Work? Occupational Health and Safety Issues for School Counsellors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools are becoming increasingly violent places. This workshop presentation examines ways to improve counselor facilities and to enhance work safety. Client populations for school counselors have changed significantly in recent times as school administrators refer more welfare related problems for help. Although violent attacks on counselors may…

Low, John A.

290

Students, Teachers, and Schools in California's Central Valley. Research Brief. Issue #62  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research brief provides an overview of the statistics presented in a report by Anne Danenberg, Christopher Jepsen, and Pedro Cerdan, "Student and School Indicators for Youth in California's Central Valley" (2002) [ED497305]. Twenty percent of California's public-school students attend schools in the Central Valley. Many of these students are…

Public Policy Institute of California, 2002

2002-01-01

291

An Analysis of Pennsylvania's Cyber Charter Schools. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pennsylvania's first cyber charter school opened in 1998, enrolling 44 full-time students. From this modest beginning, Pennsylvania's cyber charter sector has grown to 16 schools enrolling 35,000 students from all but one school district in the Commonwealth. Pennsylvania has one of the nation's most extensive cyber charter sectors,…

Jack, James; Sludden, John; Schott, Adam

2013-01-01

292

Afterschool: A High School Dropout Prevention Tool. Afterschool Alert Issue Brief No.38  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over one million students who enter ninth grade each year fail to graduate with their peers four years later because they drop out of school. Seven thousand students drop out of school every day, and each year roughly 1.2 million students fail to graduate from high school. More than half of these students are from minority groups. Afterschool …

Afterschool Alliance, 2009

2009-01-01

293

First Amendment Issues in the Control and Use of Public School Facilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The passage of the Equal Access Act (1984) brought to light the legal conflict that had been building over the previous four decades over who should or should not have access to public school facilities. Following the passage of the Act, many student and community groups began to request use of school facilities. School leaders were called on to…

Davis, Thomas E., Jr.

2011-01-01

294

School-based physical activity interventions: effectiveness, trends, issues, implications and recommendations for practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The promotion of physical activity within schools and physical education (PE) has attracted growing interest in recent years. Schools have been acknowledged as the primary institution with responsibility for promoting activity in young people and more specifically, school PE has been recognized as having a key role to play. Given this, and based on previous reviews of the findings of

Lorraine Cale; Jo Harris

2006-01-01

295

Characteristics of Career Academies in 12 Florida School Districts. Issues & Answers. REL 2011-No. 106  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes career academies in 12 Florida school districts in the 2006/07 school year. It examines their structure and career clusters, the high schools offering them, and the students enrolled. This study is driven by three research questions: (1) How many career academies were there, and of what types? (2) What were the…

Estacion, Angela; D'Souza, Stephanie; Bozick, Robert

2011-01-01

296

High School/College Partnerships. 1981 Current Issues in Higher Education, No 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for better high school/college articulation is addressed in five papers. In "High School/College Partnerships That Work," Ernest L. Boyer describes the ongoing efforts to encourage high school/college collaboration and considers five principles necessary for establishing cooperative programs, including the need for educators at both…

American Association for Higher Education, Washington, DC.

297

Effective Schools--Excellence in Urban Special Education. Teaching Exceptional Children. [Special Issue].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven author-contributed papers focus on excellence in urban special education schools. Libby Goodman reviews the isolation of special education teachers and children, in "The Effective School Movement and Special Education," while Dan L. Peterson et al. trace the implications for the Seattle School District of the efforts described in "Effective…

Jordan, June B., Ed.

1985-01-01

298

Characteristics of Career Academies in 12 Florida School Districts. Summary. Issues & Answers. REL 2011-No. 106  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes career academies in 12 Florida school districts in the 2006/07 school year. It examines their structure and career clusters, the high schools offering them, and the students enrolled. This study is one of the first to investigate both career academy structure and clusters using multiple data sources. It provides state…

Estacion, Angela; D'Souza, Stephanie; Bozick, Robert

2011-01-01

299

Key Issues in Empirically Identifying Chronically Low-Performing and Turnaround Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the US Department of Education's key priorities is turning around the nation's persistently low-achieving schools, yet exactly how to identify low-performing schools is a task left to state policy makers, and a myriad of definitions have been utilized. In addition, exactly how to recognize when a school begins to turn around is not well…

Hansen, Michael

2012-01-01

300

High School Restructuring and Student Achievement. A New Study Finds Strong Links. Issue Report No. 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent movement to restructure schools has raised fundamental questions: Can changes in school structure improve student performance? Under what conditions might some structures be more effective than others? This document presents findings from Lee and Smith's study that examined the role of school restructuring on student performance.…

Lee, Valerie E.; Smith, Julia B.

1994-01-01

301

Modified School Years: An Important Issue of Local Control of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Modified school years in First Nation schools contextualize the learning process by allowing student participation in traditional, seasonal, outdoor activities. Two case studies in which Hudson Bay area school officials unilaterally reintroduced the conventional calendar illustrate the important roles that First Nations education authorities can…

Tsuji, Leonard J. S.

2000-01-01

302

Colorado's School-to-Career Program. Issue Brief Number 98-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the federal School-to-Work Opportunities Act of 1994, Colorado has created a system of partnerships linking employers and public schools. The state's School-to-Career Partnership started in October 1995 with a 5-year, $24 million grant. Grant funds are distributed by the state to local partnerships of education, business and industry, and…

Eslinger, Cathy

303

Community Schools in Ohio: Implementation Issues and Impact on Ohio's Education System. Volume I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community schools were created in Ohio to provide additional educational options for children in low-performing schools and to develop innovative teaching and management techniques that may be transferable to traditional public schools. In 1997 the Ohio General Assembly required the Legislative Office of Education Oversight (LOEO) to evaluate the…

Ohio State Legislative Office of Education Oversight, Columbus.

304

Examining Independent Study High Schools in California. Issues & Answers. REL 2009-No. 074  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This examination of California's independent study high schools (alternative schools in which 75 percent or more of students in grades 9-12 are enrolled in full-time independent study) describes enrollment trends since 2001-02 and the number and characteristics of schools and students as well as teacher qualifications in 2006-07. The study used…

Barrat, Vanessa X.; Berliner, BethAnn

2009-01-01

305

Examining Independent Study High Schools in California. Summary. Issues & Answers. REL 2009-No. 074  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a summary of a larger report that examines California's independent study high schools (alternative schools in which 75 percent or more of students in grades 9-12 are enrolled in full-time independent study). The larger study describes enrollment trends since 2001-02 and the number and characteristics of schools and students…

Barrat, Vanessa X.; Berliner, BethAnn

2009-01-01

306

Federal Support for School Integration: A Status Report. Issue Brief No. 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Secretary of Education has expressed strong support for school diversity and reduction of racial isolation in speeches and in the Joint Guidance on Voluntary School Integration, and the Department of Education (DOE) has included a general preference for school integration among its permissible funding preferences. However, this support for…

Tegeler, Philip; Ramesh, Sheela

2012-01-01

307

Seeing is Believing: Promising Practices for How School Districts Promote Family Engagement. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Harvard Family Research Project (HFRP) and the National Parent-Teacher Association (PTA) have teamed up to bring you a ground-breaking policy brief that examines the role of school districts in promoting family engagement. "Seeing is Believing: Promising Practices for How School Districts Promote Family Engagement" spotlights how six school

Westmoreland, Helen; Rosenberg, Heidi M.; Lopez, M. Elena; Weiss, Heather

2009-01-01

308

Conceptual and Methodological Issues in Studying School Leadership Effects as a Reciprocal Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past 3 decades, a substantial body of scholarship has examined the effects of school leadership on student learning. Most of this research has framed leadership as an independent variable, or driver for change, in relation to school effectiveness and school improvement. Yet, scholars have observed that leadership is also influenced by…

Hallinger, Philip; Heck, Ronald H.

2011-01-01

309

Understanding the school culture: Guidelines for conducting gambling research in secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides an overview of the importance of youth gambling research, the methodological issues faced when conducting research in secondary schools, and recommendations for conducting effective youth gambling research that benefits academia, the community, staff, students and parents within the school systems. Based on our recent experience, we

Jennifer L. McPhee; Robert S. Canham

2002-01-01

310

Capacity Building: Sustaining Urban Secondary Schools as Resilient Self-Renewing Organizations in the Face of Standardized Educational Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, the progressive ideas of innovative schools have influenced the professional practice of North American educators\\u000a since the latter part of the 19th century. Indeed, since the beginning of an industrial society, and now with the birth of\\u000a globalization and a knowledge economy, there has been a need for public schools to sustain their capacity for innovative self-renewal.\\u000a Yet, much

Corrie Giles

2008-01-01

311

Voices from the Field: Working Together for Safe and Secure Schools. Summary of Findings from Florida Education Commissioner Charlie Crist's School Safety and Security Summits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During summer and fall 2001, the Florida Commissioner of Education conducted eight regional meetings, open to the public, on school safety and security. The purpose of the meetings was to explore safety issues faced by districts and schools, share best safety practices, and generate local discussion on matters of school safety and security. This…

Florida State Dept. of Education, Tallahassee.

312

Evaluation of awareness and preparedness of school Principals and teachers on earthquake reduction effects issues - State's actions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is generally accepted that the effects of the disasters can be mainly reduced if people are aware, well informed and motivated towards a culture of disaster prevention and resilience. Particularly, in earthquake prone countries, a continuous update and education of the public, on earthquake risk management issues, is essential. Schools can play a crucial role concerning training and building a disaster prevention culture, among various community groups. Principals and teachers have a key role to play in any school-wide initiative through developing and reviewing awareness policy, developing and revising emergency response plans, holding emergency drills and training the students. During the last decade, the Greek State have done a lot of efforts in order to better educate teachers and students in disaster preparedness and management, such as: a. implementation of the E.P.P.O.'s educational project "Earthquake Protection at Schools" which is addressed mainly to school Principals. The project started right after the 1999 earthquake in Athens. b. publication of educational material for students, teachers and people with disabilities and publication of guidelines concerning the development of emergency plans. c. implementation of projects and elaboration of innovative and mobile experiential educational material connected with school curricula. The aim of the present study is to assess levels of awareness and preparedness concerning earthquake protection issues, as well as risk mitigation behaviours, undertaken by teachers at individual, family and workplace level. Furthermore, the assessment of teachers' current levels of earthquake awareness and preparedness, could lead to conclusions about the effectiveness of State's current Policy. In this framework, specific questionnaires were developed and were addressed to Principals and teachers who were responsible for the preparation of their School Emergency Preparedness Plans. The sample of the survey comprises of primary and secondary schools of 9 different prefectures of Greece. Approximately 1.100 responses have been gathered. The analysis of the results indicated that approximately 60% of the surveyed teachers have experienced at least one earthquake at school, which is expected due to Greece's high seismicity (50% of the released seismic energy in Europe). Additionally, the level of knowledge of surveyed teachers on earthquake protection measures is very high. A significant majority of the teachers, were reported being familiar with the identification and reduction of non structural hazards at their home, and the development of School's Emergency Plans. On the other hand, approximately the 25% of the responders were not aware of their school emergency plan or they claimed that such a plan does not exist at their schools. These teachers have not participated in any earthquake school drill. Thus, even though a lot of State's initiatives have been implemented till now to build awareness towards earthquakes and establish a preparedness status for prospective earthquakes in school community, there are still proposed actions to be taken in order to improve the teachers' ability to plan or implement activities concerning earthquake management issues.

Kourou, Assimina; Ioakeimidou, Anastasia; Mokos, Vasileios; Bakas, Konstantinos

2013-04-01

313

Health Issues Facing Black Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Black women in the United States experience a high incidence of serious health problems and, as a group, receive insufficient and inadequate medical care. The death rate for black women suffering from breast cancer has increased substantially since 1950. Also of great concern is the high incidence of cervical cancer in low income black women…

Reid, Inez Smith

314

Preliminary Evidence for an Association Between Social Anxiety Symptoms and Avoidance of Negative Faces in School-Age Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attentional biases with regard to emotional facial expressions are associated with social anxiety in adults. We investigated whether similar relations exist in children. Seventy-nine 8- to 11-year-olds completed a probe detection task. On a given trial, 1 of 3 pairs of faces was presented: negative-neutral, negative-positive, and positive-neutral.…

Stirling, Lucy J.; Eley, Thalia C.; Clark, David M.

2006-01-01

315

Updating and Maintaining School Emergency Management Plans. Helpful Hints for School Emergency Management. Volume 2, Issue 3, 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Helpful Hints" offers a quick overview of school emergency preparedness topics that are frequently the subject of inquiries. Developing and implementing comprehensive, multi-hazard emergency management plans is an ongoing process that must be consistently reinforced and strengthened. Opportunities for reviewing, strengthening and updating…

US Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

316

Issues of Aid to Nonpublic Schools. Volume II: The Social and Religious Sources of the Crisis in Catholic Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The more important factors responsible for the contemporary crisis in Catholic schools throughout the United States are identified. The identification is made through discussions of the following topics: (1) An overview of the socio-historic and socio-religious forces responsible for the establishment and growth of the Catholic elementary and…

Donovan, John D.; And Others

317

Supporting Middle School Students Whose Parents Are Deployed: Challenges and Strategies for Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Middle school students from military families face unique challenges, especially when their parents are deployed. Among the challenges they experience are frequent relocations; issues that affect academic achievement; uncertainty; and changes in roles, responsibilities, and relationships at home. Reunification involves issues of the returning…

Williams, Brenda

2013-01-01

318

The Practical Application of Technology in Public Schools. Professional Issues in Public Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of essays focuses on practical applications of technology in public schools; it provides a perspective by teacher practitioners and others on how technology is currently being used or could be used in Connecticut's classrooms for effective schooling. The following papers are included: "Preparing for the Information Age" (Merle W.…

Connecticut Education Association, Hartford.

319

Trends and Issues in High School Mathematics: Research Insights and Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent publication of two important documents, "Focus in High School Mathematics: Reasoning and Sense Making" and the "Common Core State Standards for Mathematics" (CCSSM), provides a timely opportunity to take stock of the various recommendations and policies aimed at improving the quality of students' high school mathematics education in the…

Rasmussen, Chris; Heck, Daniel J.; Tarr, James E.; Knuth, Eric; White, Dorothy Y.; Lambdin, Diana V.; Baltzley, Patricia C.; Quander, Judith Reed; Barnes, David

2011-01-01

320

Lessons from High-Performing Hispanic Schools: Creating Learning Communities. Critical Issues in Educational Leadership Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current poor condition of education for Hispanic students need not exist. This book reports on high-performing schools along the Texas-Mexico border that have achieved schoolwide success by creating communities of learners. Three elementary, three middle, and two high schools in the border region were selected for study based on the following…

Reyes, Pedro, Ed.; Scribner, Jay D., Ed.; Scribner, Alicia Paredes, Ed.

321

Policy, Technology, and Practice in Cyber Charter Schools: Framing the Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Online learning in K-12 education has grown rapidly in the past decade. Cyber charter schools (CCSs) have been a particularly controversial form of online school, but there is very little scholarly examination of these new organizations. As CCSs expand, policymakers and stakeholders have a critical need to understand how to evolve the…

Ahn, June

2011-01-01

322

The Formula behind Maryland's K-12 Funding. School Choice Issues in the State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maryland's school finance system experienced a restructuring in 2002 with the passage of SB 856, the "Bridge to Excellence Act." The "Bridge" Act set the funding amount for "base" students, brought state funding for kindergarten students on par with students in grades 1-12, and collapsed about 50 school funding programs into eight. The act also…

Scafidi, Benjamin

2008-01-01

323

Closing the Achievement Gap in Suburban and Urban School Communities. Policy Issue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This edition focuses on the topic of closing the achievement gap from the perspectives of urban and suburban school districts. After an introduction by Judy Stewart, the first article, "Addressing Racial Disparities in High-Achieving Suburban Schools" (Ronald F. Ferguson), shares findings from a recent survey of more than 34,000 students in grades…

Ferguson, Ronald F.; Clark, Reginald; Stewart, Judy

324

Screening for Asperger syndrome in school?age children: issues and instruments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many children with Asperger syndrome are not identified prior to school entry, and difficulties associated with the condition may only become evident when a child enters school. Failure to identify children with the syndrome may lead to increased risk for psychopathology, and lack of understanding of the reasons for social and communicative impairments, and the display of atypical behaviours. Therefore,

Colin Reilly; Audrey Campbell; Patricia Keran

2009-01-01

325

School-Based Health Centers and Childhood Obesity: "An Ideal Location to Address a Complex Issue"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of today's most pressing public health problems is the rise in childhood overweight and obesity. School-based health centers (SBHCs)--the convergence of public health, primary care, and mental health in schools--represent an important element in the public health toolbox for combating the challenging epidemic. When working side-by-side in a…

National Assembly on School-Based Health Care, 2010

2010-01-01

326

Effective Uses of Funding Support for Schools in Need of Improvement. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Center for Comprehensive School Reform and Improvement undertook an examination of schools and districts in which thoughtful and well-articulated use of federal, state, and local funds has resulted in innovative and effective reform that can be replicated or adapted in other, similar sites. They reviewed research on district improvement…

Center for Comprehensive School Reform and Improvement, 2009

2009-01-01

327

Issue No. 2: How Black and Hispanic Families Rate Their Schools. Reality Check, 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is not the kind of atmosphere most adults would find helpful if they needed to study and learn-high dropout rates, kids promoted without learning, schools short on money, profanity and disrespect, fighting, drug and alcohol abuse. Yet these are "very serious" problems in schools, according to surprisingly large numbers of the nation's black and…

Johnson, Jean; Arumi, Ana Maria; Ott, Amber

2006-01-01

328

Achieving Excellence at Scale: State Support for High-Performing Charter School Expansion. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In communities nationwide, public charter schools are meeting the growing demand for high-quality education opportunities. This is especially true in communities with underperforming public district schools that are not meeting the academic needs of students, including poor and minority students. Forty states and the District of Columbia have laws…

Bloomberg, Laura; Nathan, Joe; Berman, Ilene

2009-01-01

329

Legal and Policy Issues Regarding Niche Charter Schools: Race, Religion, Culture, and the Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing number of ethnocentric or culturally oriented niche charter schools have opened around the country. These ethnic or culture-oriented models raise legal and policy concerns about church/state entanglement as well as concerns about diversity. Indeed, there has already been litigation focused on racial and ethnic aspects of charter schools

Eckes, Suzanne E.; Fox, Robert A.; Buchanan, Nina K.

2011-01-01

330

Screening for Asperger Syndrome in School-Age Children: Issues and Instruments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many children with Asperger syndrome are not identified prior to school entry, and difficulties associated with the condition may only become evident when a child enters school. Failure to identify children with the syndrome may lead to increased risk for psychopathology, and lack of understanding of the reasons for social and communicative…

Reilly, Colin; Campbell, Audrey; Keran, Patricia

2009-01-01

331

Predictors of the Elementary School Proficiency Exams and Issues of Equality in Educational Facilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study is to determine whether school/student, classroom/student, teacher/student ratio, and the Human Development Index (I.G.E.) rates by province predict a province's total 6th and 7th grade Elementary School Proficiency Exam (SBS) scores. To determine the relationships between the province's total 6th and 7th grade SBS…

Erdogan, Irfan; Meseci Giorgetti, Filiz; Cifcili, Vakur

2011-01-01

332

Bond Underwriter Costs: Texas School Districts and the Hidden Cost of Issuing Bonds  

E-print Network

and costly part of an educational system. The average life span of a school building is estimated to be 50 years; once built, a school building can influence generations of students (Stevenson, 2006; Odden & Picus, 2008). This section of the chapter...

Stasny, Mary Knetsar

2011-02-22

333

A State-Wide Study of Financial Issues Affecting Tennessee Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A sample of teachers, principals, supervisors, superintendents, school board members, and county commissioners across Tennessee responded to questionnaires concerning funding patterns and revenue sources for public education. Except for the commissioners, who are the funding agents for school systems in Tennessee and are responsible for setting…

Peach, Larry E.; Reddick, Thomas L.

334

Strategies and Issues in Supporting Children Whose Parents Have a Mental Illness within the School System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has been estimated that over 20 percent of children live in families where one parent has, or has had, a mental illness. Given the role of schools in children's academic as well as psychosocial development, it was considered important to identify effective strategies that school personnel have used in supporting such children. Parents and…

Reupert, Andrea; Maybery, Darryl

2007-01-01

335

Comparing Religious Education in Canadian and Australian Catholic High Schools: Identifying Some Key Structural Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Religious education (RE) in Catholic high schools in Australia and Canada is compared by examining some of the underlying structural factors that shape the delivery of RE. It is argued that in Canadian Catholic schools RE is diminished by three factors that distinguish it from the Australian experience. These are: the level and history of…

Rymarz, Richard

2013-01-01

336

Family and Cultural Issues in a School Swallowing and Feeding Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article presents a rationale for speech-language pathologists (SLPs) to provide culturally competent evaluation, diagnostic, and intervention services for children with oral motor, swallowing, and feeding disorders in school settings. There is also a discussion of how changing American public school demographics necessitate the…

Davis-McFarland, Elise

2008-01-01

337

Characteristics of Midwest Region School Districts Identified for Improvement. Summary. Issues & Answers. REL 2012-No. 121  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents statistical profiles for the Midwest Region states of school districts designated as "in improvement" for school year 2009/10 under accountability provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 and compares the prevalence and characteristics of these districts and those of districts not in improvement. It also reports the…

van der Ploeg, Arie; Wan, Yinmei; Garcia, Alicia N.; Wraight, Sara; Burke, Matthew; Norbury, Heather; Gerdeman, R. Dean

2012-01-01

338

Beyond the Tipping Point: Issues of Racial Diversity in Magnet Schools Following Unitary Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses qualitative case study methodology to examine why the racial composition of magnet schools in Nashville, Tennessee, has shifted to predominantly African American in the aftermath of unitary status. The article compares the policy contexts and parents' reasons for choosing magnet schools at two points in time--under court order…

Smrekar, Claire

2009-01-01

339

Evaluation of a primary school drug drama project: methodological issues and key findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the impact evaluation of a primary school drug drama project developed by a health promotion service and a theatre's education department in England. The project targeted 10-11 year olds in 41 schools with an interactive drama production and workshop day on attitudes, choices, decisions and risks of alcohol, tobacco and illegal drug use. Parents were also involved

F. Starkey; J. Orme

2001-01-01

340

Serving Children with Disabilities in Private and Parochial Schools: Issues and Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the roles and responsibilities of public schools in providing services to children with disabilities placed in private and parochial schools within the legal parameters of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Availability and nature of services, location of service delivery, and relevant court cases are discussed. (Author/CR)

Katsiyannis, Antonis; Maag, John W.

1998-01-01

341

Systems Impact: Issues and Trends in Improving School Outcomes for All Learners through Multitier Instructional Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The majority of school districts implementing response to intervention use a systemwide, multitier model of delivery. This article describes the common features of multitier models and discusses the emerging evidence of their effectiveness. In addition, specific factors that schools should consider to enhance effective implementation of systemic,…

Chard, David J.

2013-01-01

342

The Beginnings of Rural School Networking in New Zealand: Some Educational and Policy Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes two pilot programs that are developing networks among rural New Zealand schools to address the educational isolation of students. A program located in the South Island consists of a consortium of six small rural high schools using distance education technology to offer an expanded curriculum to rural students. The goal of the…

Stevens, Ken; Bridgeman, Noel

343

European School-to-Work Systems: A View from the American States. Issue Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Representatives of the School-to-Work Roundtable studied education systems and work force training programs in Denmark and Germany. The group visited vocational schools, technical colleges, and firms sponsoring apprentices in Copenhagen and Munich and spoke with students, teachers, and mentors in apprenticeships in metalworking, textiles,…

National Governors' Association, Washington, DC.

344

Federally Funded Charter Schools Should Foster Diversity. Issue Brief No. 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Administration's "Blueprint For Reform," and FY 2011 budget proposal set forth an education agenda that would make the expansion of charter schools a cornerstone of the reauthorized Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). Likewise, HR 4330 would promote charter schools as a central catalyst for education reform. Without clearer…

National Coalition on School Diversity (NJ1), 2012

2012-01-01

345

Global education in perspective: fostering a global dimension in an English secondary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers the issue of global education in schools by focusing upon the case of one particular English secondary school and exploring the pedagogic and curricular perspectives of its staff and students. It recognizes the strong normative and holistic dimension to global education and the challenges it faces in, and presents to schools. The sometimes mixed pedagogic and curricular

Harriet Marshall

2007-01-01

346

School Counselor Competency and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning (LGBTQ) Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much research has been dedicated to the difficulties LGBTQ individuals face. Further, school counselors have been challenged to assist LGBTQ individuals in the school setting. Being aware of the specific issues and being educated about specific ways to assist these individuals enable school counselors to be more effective clinicians (DePaul,…

Byrd, Rebekah; Hays, Danica G.

2012-01-01

347

Promoting Literacy Learning for Children of Abuse: Strategies for Elementary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Elementary school teachers must clearly understand that many children of domestic violence abuse are struggling with abuse issues at home along with literacy learning at school. This article will demonstrate how a child from an adverse home environment may face additional literacy challenges in school. This article will also provide specific…

Haeseler, Lisa Ann

2006-01-01

348

Toward Excellence: Student and Teacher Behaviors as Predictors of School Success. Research Summary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective schools research has delivered some relatively concrete findings on important issues facing this country's educators. The result has been an extensive collection of effective schooling practices which have potential for increasing performance in young people. In reviewing effective schools literature, implications of the data were found…

Crohn, Leslie

349

An Autoethnographic Inquiry into the Barriers That African-American Women Face as Secondary School Principals: A Guerilla Warfare  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study was conducted as an autoethnographic study of me and supplemented with three African-American female administrators' perspectives and experiences as school administrators. The narrative process was used to tell all of our stories. The narrative process enabled me to tell my story and how my story relates to the stories of…

Monts, Cheryl

2012-01-01

350

Afterschool and the Common Core State Standards. MetLife Foundation Afterschool Alert. Issue Brief No. 63  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Afterschool Alliance, in partnership with MetLife Foundation, is proud to present the first in their latest series of four issue briefs examining critical issues facing middle school youth and the vital role afterschool programs play in addressing these issues. This series explores afterschool and: the Common Core State Standards, students…

Afterschool Alliance, 2014

2014-01-01

351

Afterschool: A Key to Successful Parent Engagement. MetLife Foundation Afterschool Alert. Issue Brief No. 57  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Afterschool Alliance, in partnership with MetLife Foundation, is proud to present the third in its latest series of four issue briefs examining critical issues facing middle school youth and the vital role afterschool programs play in addressing these issues. This brief explores afterschool and parent engagement. There is little dispute…

Afterschool Alliance, 2012

2012-01-01

352

Afterschool Supporting Students with Disabilities and Other Special Needs. MetLife Foundation Afterschool Alert. Issue Brief No. 64  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Afterschool Alliance, in partnership with MetLife Foundation, is proud to present the second in their latest series of four issue briefs examining critical issues facing middle school youth and the vital role afterschool programs play in addressing these issues. This series explores afterschool and: the Common Core State Standards, students…

Afterschool Alliance, 2014

2014-01-01

353

The Family-School Connection: Theory, Research, and Practice. Issues in Children's and Families' Lives, Vol. 2. The John & Kelly Hartman Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nature of the relationships among contemporary family variables and school achievement is examined in this collection of articles. Divided into two parts, the collection examines related processes and issues. In the first part, the chapters and authors are: (1) "The Family-School Relationships Model" (Bruce A. Ryan and Gerald R. Adams); (2)…

Ryan, Bruce A., Ed.; And Others

354

Student-Issued One-to-One Laptop Computers on Secondary Campuses in Four Texas School Districts: A Phenomenological Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this phenomenological case study was to investigate the impact of one-to-one student issued laptop computers on secondary campuses in four rural Texas school districts. Data were collected using focus groups which included 27 leaders in four rural Texas school districts that had implemented the one-to-one laptop initiative. The…

Hoyer, Randall J.

2011-01-01

355

How Community Colleges Can Create Productive Collaborations with Local Schools. New Directions for Community Colleges, Issue 111. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of New Directions for Community Colleges focuses on ways of establishing and sustaining collaborative work between colleges and local school districts. Chapters included are: (1) "Building Bridges or Barriers? Public Policies That Facilitate or Impede Linkages between Community Colleges and Local School Districts" (Katherine Boswell);…

Palmer, James C., Ed.

2000-01-01

356

Communication and Collaboration During Natural Disasters: The Lessons Learned From Past Experience. Lessons Learned From School Crises and Emergencies, Volume 3, Issue 2, 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Lessons Learned" is a series of publications that are a brief recounting of actual school emergencies and crises. This "Lessons Learned" issue focuses on the response and recovery efforts to wildfires by the San Diego County Office of Education (SDCOE) and its school and community partners. Natural disasters such as floods, hurricanes,…

US Department of Education, 2008

2008-01-01

357

Resolving Special Education Issues: "It Seems Like the School Is Not Following My Child's IEP--What Can I Do?" PHP-c93  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the steps to solving an issue sent in by a parent. The scenario addressed in this document is one where a parent indicates sometimes his/her child comes home from school and reports that he did not have time to finish his math or reading tests at school. The parent and the teacher had agreed at his Individualized Education…

PACER Center, 2005

2005-01-01

358

Mayors and Schools: A Report of a Survey of the Mayors of the Fifty Largest Cities Concerning Their Role in Educational Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine current communication and involvement patterns between municipal and educational governments in urban areas, a questionnaire was mailed to mayors of the nation's 50 largest cities. Responses to the questionnaires indicated that (1) incoming and outgoing communications about local school issues normally flow through the school

Saxe, Richard W.

359

Challenges Facing Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents 17 selected papers from recent issues of the journal, "Focus on Exceptional Children," concerning current and emerging challenges facing the field of special education. The book is organized in two parts. Part 1, "Contemporary Challenges," includes the following articles: "Transitions in Early Childhood Special Education: Issues

Meyen, Edward L., Ed.; And Others

360

Using a Cultural Lens to Explore Challenges and Issues in Culturally Diverse Schools for Teach First Beginning Teachers: Implications for Future Teacher Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores some of the challenges faced by Teach First teachers during their first year of teaching in a culturally diverse school, and describes some of the strategies they employ to overcome them. Using a variety of methods, both qualitative and quantitative data are collected, focusing on the perspectives of the teachers over the…

Hramiak, Alison

2014-01-01

361

Whole-School Management Issues Concerning the PE Department: "A Natural Division of Labour?"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilising the labour ideas of Adam Smith and Emile Durkheim as a theoretical basis, the main objective of this study was to investigate the perception that Heads of Physical Education (HoPE) face unique management and leadership challenges. Results showed that HoPE believe that they are overburdened with tasks primarily involving the delegation of…

Williams, Gareth Mark; Williams, Dean

2013-01-01

362

Teaching Climate Change Science in Senior Secondary School: Issues, Barriers and Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that, despite its difficulties, climate change can (and perhaps needs to) be taught rigorously to students by enquiry rather than through transmission and that such a method will enable students to make judgments on other issues of scientific controversy. It examines the issues and barriers to the teaching of climate change,…

Bunten, Rod; Dawson, Vaille

2014-01-01

363

High School Students' Informal Reasoning on a Socio-Scientific Issue: Qualitative and Quantitative Analyses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently, the significance of learners' informal reasoning on socio-scientific issues has received increasing attention among science educators. To gain deeper insights into this important issue, an integrated analytic framework was developed in this study. With this framework, 71 Grade 10 students' informal reasoning about nuclear energy usage…

Wu, Ying-Tien; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2007-01-01

364

They're Not Little Kids Anymore: The Special Challenges of New Teachers in High Schools and Middle Schools. Lessons Learned: New Teachers Talk about Their Jobs, Challenges and Long-Range Plans. Issue No. 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Lessons Learned" carries the heading "They're Not Little Kids Anymore: The Special Challenge of New Teachers in High Schools and Middle Schools." It goes without saying that almost all parents love their children dearly, but nearly 9 in 10 admit "kids become a lot more challenging when they hit the teen years." So in a way, it…

Rochkind, Jonathan; Ott, Amber; Immerwahr, John; Doble, John; Johnson, Jean

2007-01-01

365

Examining the effects of technology-infused issue investigations on high school students' environmental and ocean literacies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of technology-infused issue investigations on high school students' environmental and ocean literacies. This study explored the effects of a new educational enrichment program termed Connecting the Ocean, Reefs, Aquariums, Literacy, and Stewardship (CORALS) on high school science students. The study utilized a mixed methods approach combining a quantitative quasi-experimental pre-post test design with qualitative case studies. The CORALS program is a new educational program that combines materials based on the Investigating and Evaluating Environmental Issues and Actions (IEEIA) curriculum program with the digital storytelling process. Over an 18-week period four high school science teachers and their approximately 169 students investigated environmental issues impacting coral reefs through the IEEIA framework. An additional approximately 224 students, taught by the same teachers, were the control group exposed to standard curriculum. Students' environmental literacy was measured through the Secondary School Environmental Literacy Instrument (SSELI) and students' ocean literacy was measured through the Students' Ocean Literacy Viewpoints and Engagement (SOLVE) instrument. Two classrooms were selected as case studies and examined through classroom observations and student and teacher interviews. The results indicated the CORALS program increased the knowledge of ecological principles, knowledge of environmental problems/issues, and environmental attitudes components of environmental literacy for the experimental group students. For ocean literacy, the experimental group students' scores increased for knowledge of ocean literacy principles, ability to identify oceanic environmental problems, and attitudes concerning the ocean. The SSELI measure of Responsible Environmental Behaviors (REB) was found to be significant for the interaction of teacher and class type (experimental or control). The students for Teachers A and B reported a statistically significant increase in the self-reported REB subscales of ecomanagement and consumer/economic action. This indicates the students reported an increase in the REBs they could change within their lifestyles. This study provides baseline data in an area where few quality studies exist to date. Recommendations for practice and administration of the research study instruments are explored. Recommendations for further research include CORALS program modifications, revising the instruments utilized, and what areas of students' environmental and ocean literacies warrant further exploration.

Plankis, Brian J.

366

Out of the Box: Facilities Financing Ideas for Charter Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guidebook provides charter schools with ideas when seeking financing, and touches on the issues they often face regarding appropriate site, managing the construction and renovation process, and facility operation that is safe and economical. Ideas presented are based on experiences of real charter schools. The document is organized around…

Hassel, Bryan

367

Does Competition Improve Public School Efficiency? A Spatial Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advocates for educational reform frequently call for policies to increase competition between schools because it is argued that market forces naturally lead to greater efficiencies, including improved student learning, when schools face competition. Researchers examining this issue are confronted with difficulties in defining reasonable measures…

Misra, Kaustav; Grimes, Paul W.; Rogers, Kevin E.

2012-01-01

368

Youth Court: An Alternative Response to School Bullying  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bullying and school violence are critical issues facing 21st century educational leaders. U.S. public schools have been scrambling to develop and implement anti-bullying programs with varying degrees of success. Bullying leads to disruption of learning, and its lasting effects of anxiety, depression, anger, and actual brain damage follow victims…

Copich, Cindy

2012-01-01

369

Primary School Literacy in Southern Africa: African Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research review examines trends in recent scholarship concerning primary school literacy instruction in Southern Africa. Past scholarship, particularly that which originated from western researchers, focused on technical or structural issues facing literacy instruction in the region, such as language of instruction, school conditions,…

Perry, Kristen H.

2008-01-01

370

COLLABORATIVE FACE-TO-FACE  

E-print Network

. On one side of the debate is the view that the recent rise in availability of free Massive Open Online aspects of courses, however, that can't be learned online. These require face-to-face contact and our newINTEGRATED COLLABORATIVE TECHNOLOGY FACE-TO-FACE ON-CAMPUS AND ONLINE TEAMWORK Keepingyou intheknow

University of Technology, Sydney

371

High-Stakes Decisions: The Legal Landscape of High School Exit Exams and the Implications for Schools and Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school exit exam requirements are affecting a growing number of U.S. students--particularly low-income students and students of color. This article examines the policy and legal landscape of exit testing policy to shed light on some of the key issues facing local school leaders charged with implementing these policies. The article first…

Holme, Jennifer Jellison; Heilig, Julian Vasquez

2012-01-01

372

The Effects of Emotive Reasoning on Secondary School Students' Decision-Making in the Context of Socioscientific Issues  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The discrepancy between what students are being taught within K-12 science classrooms and what they experience in the real world has been well documented. This study sought to explore the ways a high school biology curriculum, which integrates socioscientific issues, impacts students' emotive reasoning and their ability to evaluate evidence, make informed decisions on contemporary scientific dilemmas, and integrate scientific content knowledge in their reasoning on SSI. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used to examine differences within and between an SSI treatment group and a comparison group as well as individual differences among students' responses over a semester of high school biology. Results indicated students used emotions largely to evaluate evidence and make decisions on contentious scientific dilemmas. In addition, the results showed students used newly gained scientific content knowledge to make logical predictions on contentious scientific issues. Statistical significance was found between groups of students in regard to their interest in the use of embryonic stem cell treatments to restore rats' vision, as well as students' abilities to evaluate evidence. Theoretical implications regarding the use of SSI in the classroom are presented.

Powell, Wardell A.

373

Back to the Future: Reoccurring Issues and Discourses in Health Education in New Zealand Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A key function of health education in New Zealand schools has always been to educate individuals to be responsible and accountable for their own health status. Educational, economic and political stances on what best constitutes effective health education, however, shift over time. The outcome of these shifts is that a multiplicity of disciplines…

Sinkinson, Margaret

2011-01-01

374

Overview of Theme Issue with Title "Securing and Supporting Good Teaching: Views from the Schools."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contains 11 articles, including first-person accounts, on the work and work environment of teachers. Discusses the factors that make teaching satisfying or frustrating and offers suggestions for change in both the policy and organizational framework of the schools and the roles, relationships, and ethos knitting together individuals in particular…

Education and Urban Society, 1985

1985-01-01

375

Fiscal Issues Concerning the Reorganization of Los Angeles Unified School District.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine the fiscal implications of reorganizing the Los Angeles (California) Unified School District (LAUSD) into smaller, independent districts, researchers compared LAUSD revenues and expenditures with those of the balance of the state and analyzed differences in expenditures per student within LAUSD. This report on their evaluation is…

Hoachlander, E. Gareth; Choy, Susan P.

376

International Issues, High-Stakes Testing, and Border Pedagogy: Social Studies at Border High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recently constructed border wall stands within walking distance of Border High School (BHS) and was created to impede the flow of people, goods, fauna, and contraband from Mexico into the United States (U.S.). The reality, however, is that this geopolitical border is fluid, allowing connections between sociopolitical zones. The researchers…

Cashman, Timothy G.; McDermott, Benjamin R.

2013-01-01

377

Reinforcing Hegemonic Masculinities through Sexual Harassment: Issues of Identity, Power and Popularity in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper, based on the perspectives of young men, explores the relationship between dominant constructions of masculinities and the sexual harassment of young women in Australian secondary schools, within a feminist poststructuralist theoretical framework. Of particular importance in this process are the ways in which sexual harassment is…

Robinson, Kerry H.

2005-01-01

378

Afterschool Fosters Success in School. MetLife Foundation Afterschool Alert. Issue Brief No. 31  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the current climate of increased academic assessments, the discussion of student success in school is frequently limited to academic achievement. However, data show that when examining student success, components such as social development and prevention of risky behaviors significantly impact academic achievement. These outcomes form a…

Afterschool Alliance, 2008

2008-01-01

379

The Fourth R-Revolvers: Principal Perceptions Related to Armed School Personnel and Related Legal Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States has experienced several mass killings by firearms in the recent past, but none has stirred the passions of the nation's citizens like the killing of innocent schoolchildren in Newtown, Connecticut. Debates immediately began regarding proposed solutions for making students safer in schools. One recommendation for promoting…

Weiler, Spencer C.; Armenta, Anthony D.

2014-01-01

380

Planning for Tomorrow's Schools: Problems and Solutions. AASA Critical Issues Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offering long-range planning as a means of controlling educational problems and opportunities, this guide presents procedures for school district planning as well as relevant information concerning demographics, politics/finance, teaching staff, curriculum, computers/technology, and tomorrow's jobs. Among aspects of planning covered are…

Neill, Shirley Boes, Ed.

381

Infectious Diseases Update. Vol. 1. Current Issues in School and Community Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet, designed to provide up-to-date, accurate information, focuses on selected viral diseases that are potentially serious, often not well understood, and periodically in the news media because of their continued impact on school and community health. General information is provided on viral diseases, the immune system, vaccines, and how…

Bower, Wilma; And Others

382

Some Organizational Issues Confronting Establishment of an International High School: A Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This position paper on the concept of an international high school is primarily concerned with two questions: (1) What constitutes a "region"? (2) What are the ingredients of a "center"? Demographic changes and declining resources are serious obstacles confronting efforts to create new institutions, and logistical demands are underrated by…

Hoke, Gordon

383

Methodological Issues in the Use of Peer Sociometric Nominations with Middle School Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies reporting sociometric assessments based on nominations have been characterized by important methodological inconsistencies when conducted in the middle school context. The purpose of this study was to examine (1) the possibility of a response bias when participants are provided with a long roster sorted alphabetically, (2) the impact of…

Poulin, Francois; Dishion, Thomas J.

2008-01-01

384

The Terms of the Deal: A Quality Charter School Contract Defined. Authorizing Matters. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A contract is about commitment and responsibility. It is about the commitment that two or more parties make and the responsibility to deliver on those commitments. When school developers and authorizers turn a charter application into a contract, the relationship transforms: it shifts from aspiration to expectation and from theory to practice. The…

Haft, William

2009-01-01

385

Recurrent Issues in Efforts to Prevent Homicidal Youth Violence in Schools: Expert Opinions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developmental research on social influences on adolescents can guide practices aimed to prevent homicidal youth violence. School shootings have repeatedly raised questions about the contributory role of bullying and entertainment violence, how news media publicity might produce copycat crimes, and whether stiffer criminal sanctions might have a…

Dill, Karen E.; Redding, Richard E.; Smith, Peter K.; Surette, Ray; Cornell, Dewey G.

2011-01-01

386

Stepping up: University Leadership in the Charter School Sector. Authorizing Matters. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Engaging in the charter school sector is not for the faint of heart--doing so requires grappling with many complex questions. How will the work impact the reputation of the university? What political, financial or legal liabilities will the institution assume? Who will do the day-to-day heavy lifting? Across the country, dynamic higher education…

Wechtenhiser, Kim

2008-01-01

387

Teaching the War on Terror: Tackling Controversial Issues in a New York City Public High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, a New York City public school teacher discusses the creation and implementation of a course that explores controversial topics surrounding terrorism and modern reactions to terrorism. The author describes the challenges of creating such a course and questions why such courses are seemingly rare in social studies education.…

Kuthe, Adam

2011-01-01

388

Transition from School for Youths with a Disability: Issues and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australian research has demonstrated that students with a disability are more likely to remain out of the full-time workforce. These research findings have been the catalyst for a call for a comprehensive career development and transition planning approach for all students with disabilities in schools as well as for employers to rethink the role…

Winn, Stephen; Hay, Ian

2009-01-01

389

Retirement Planning and Counseling: Issues and Challenges for Teachers in Public Schools in the Sekondi Circuit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to explore retirement planning, challenges, and counseling among teachers of public schools in the Sekondi Circuit in the Western Region, Ghana. A sample of 50 teachers was selected through convenience sampling. Only teachers who expressed interest in participating in the study were sampled. The main instrument for…

Wilson, Kwesi Nkum; Aggrey, Ellen Aba Munkua

2012-01-01

390

Built for Quality: The Capacity Needed to Oversee Charter Schools. Authorizer Issue Brief. Number 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The term "authorizer" conveys an imposing sense of size and authority, but in the world of charter schools, the authorizer is often a small-scale office or, more commonly, a single employee for whom chartering is just one among many responsibilities amidst a large institution like a state or local board of education, university, or private…

Smith, Nelson; Herdman, Paul

2004-01-01

391

Language of Learning and Teaching in Schools: An Issue for Research in Mathematics Teacher Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most countries in Africa have introduced the use of local languages as the language of learning and teaching for the first few years of schooling. Meaning that for the first few years of learning, learners learn mathematics in their local languages. In response to this, most research has focused on the challenges of using local languages in…

Chitera, N.

2011-01-01

392

Preparing Schools for the 1990s: An Essay Collection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education has emerged as a leading national issue for the 1990s. To address some of the current and future issues facing education, Metropolitan Life Insurance Company asked members of the Metropolitan Life Foundation Education Advisory Council to articulate their views about recent and future directions in public-school-improvement efforts. This…

Metropolitan Life Foundation.

393

Face aftereffects predict individual differences in face recognition ability.  

PubMed

Face aftereffects are widely studied on the assumption that they provide a useful tool for investigating face-space coding of identity. However, a long-standing issue concerns the extent to which face aftereffects originate in face-level processes as opposed to earlier stages of visual processing. For example, some recent studies failed to find atypical face aftereffects in individuals with clinically poor face recognition. We show that in individuals within the normal range of face recognition abilities, there is an association between face memory ability and a figural face aftereffect that is argued to reflect the steepness of broadband-opponent neural response functions in underlying face-space. We further show that this correlation arises from face-level processing, by reporting results of tests of nonface memory and nonface aftereffects. We conclude that face aftereffects can tap high-level face-space, and that face-space coding differs in quality between individuals and contributes to face recognition ability. PMID:23073026

Dennett, Hugh W; McKone, Elinor; Edwards, Mark; Susilo, Tirta

2012-01-01

394

Controversies in the Hydrosphere: an iBook exploring current global water issues for middle school classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This project looks to help teachers utilize iPad technology in their classrooms as an instructional tool for Earth system science and connections to the Big Ideas in Earth Science. The project is part of Penn State University's National Science Foundation (NSF) Targeted Math Science Partnership grant, with one goal of the grant to help current middle school teachers across Pennsylvania engage students with significant and complex questions of Earth science. The free Apple software iBooks Author was used to create an electronic book for the iPad, focusing on a variety of controversial issues impacting the hydrosphere. The iBook includes image slideshows, embedded videos, interactive images and quizzes, and critical thinking questions along Bloom's Taxonomic Scale of Learning Objectives. Outlined in the introductory iBook chapters are the Big Ideas of Earth System Science and an overview of Earth's spheres. Since the book targets the hydrosphere, each subsequent chapter focuses on specific water issues, including glacial melts, aquifer depletion, coastal oil pollution, marine debris, and fresh-water chemical contamination. Each chapter is presented in a case study format that highlights the history of the issue, the development and current status of the issue, and some solutions that have been generated. The next section includes critical thinking questions in an open-ended discussion format that focus on the Big Ideas, proposing solutions for rectifying the situation, and/or assignments specifically targeting an idea presented in the case study chapter. Short, comprehensive multiple-choice quizzes are also in each chapter. Throughout the iBook, students are free to watch videos, explore the content and form their own opinions. As a result, this iBook fulfills the grant objective by engaging teachers and students with an innovative technological presentation that incorporates Earth system science with current case studies regarding global water issues.

Dufoe, A.; Guertin, L. A.

2012-12-01

395

Resources and Issues to Consider for Astronomers Who Wish to Work with Out-of-School Time Organizations and Programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Out-of-school time (OST) programs provide rich opportunities to inspire and engage young people in astronomy and other sciences. OST programs include non-profit and commercial programs that provide before and/or after school care, youth organizations such as Boys and Girls Clubs, 4-H and Scouts, summer camps and other summer programs, library programs and a wealth of other settings that are less restricted (particularly in today’s climate of high-stakes testing in public education) than K-12 classrooms. OST programs are of course very different (workforce, modes of youth participation, funding sources, sustainability of partnerships, etc.) than formal education so astronomers and science educators need to know and honor the differences when forming partnerships and/or developing or adapting materials. This poster will provide information on the following four topics: 1. Why astronomers should consider working with OST programs and organizations. 2. How to determine which OST programs and organizations would be good partners for particular astronomy education and public outreach programs. 3. Advice from OST leaders and from astronomers who have partnered with OST programs and organizations. 4. Resources for astronomers who want to start working with OST programs and organizations. The presenters are members of the NASA Science Mission Directorate Out-of-School Time Working Group (OSTWG) which has been gathering information on OST programs and organizations for four years. In particular, OSTWG has been examining the issues that are driving the rapidly-evolving landscape of OST (e.g., more attention to science standards and connections to school programs) and the research on OST program outcomes. The OSTWG Web site is at http://www.s2n2.org/ostwg. The presenters would like to thank the NASA Science Mission Directorate for supporting the activities of OSTWG.

Lutz, Julie H.; Powell, D.; Frieling, J.

2006-12-01

396

Literacy in Afterschool: An Essential Building Block for Learning and Development. MetLife Foundation Afterschool Alert. Issue Brief No. 53  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Afterschool Alliance, in partnership with MetLife Foundation, is proud to present the fourth in a series of four issue briefs examining critical issues facing middle school youth and the vital role afterschool programs play in addressing these issues. This brief focuses on literacy education. While literacy's definition continues to expand to…

Afterschool Alliance, 2011

2011-01-01

397

Service-Learning in Afterschool: Helping Students Grow and Communities Prosper. MetLife Foundation Afterschool Alert. Issue Brief No. 52  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Afterschool Alliance, in partnership with MetLife Foundation, is proud to present the third in a series of four issue briefs examining critical issues facing middle school youth and the vital role afterschool programs play in addressing these issues. This brief focuses on service-learning opportunities for middle schoolers. Pairing service…

Afterschool Alliance, 2011

2011-01-01

398

Ethical issues in child and adolescent psychotherapy: a clinical review.  

PubMed

Child and adolescent psychotherapy has made great progress in recent years. With this progress, ethical issues have emerged that need to be addressed in the Indian setting. This article looks at various ethical issues in child and adolescent psychotherapy specific to Indian practitioners. The involvement of parents in psychotherapy often blurs therapeutic boundaries and issues related to confidentiality. Practitioners working in hospital and school settings are faced with similar problems. The advent of the internet and e-mail has resulted in new concerns for psychiatrists, related to communication via those media. Issues related to parenting, culture and development patterns, along with personal issues for the therapist, have been discussed. PMID:20806522

de Sousa, Avinash

2010-01-01

399

An evaluation of the views of secondary staff towards school attendance issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is the first of its kind to concentrate upon the views of secondary staff towards attendance issues within two distinct, but similarly?sized, authorities in England. The fieldwork was sponsored by the two authorities in accordance with their specific needs and conducted in 2003. As part of this fieldwork, 40 headteachers, deputy heads, middle managers and form tutors (n

Ken Reid

2006-01-01

400

Skirting the Issue: Teachers' Experiences "Addressing Sexuality in Middle School Language Arts"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to examine perceptions, attitudes, and reported practices of a group of middle level Language Arts teachers concerning sexuality-related issues. Through interviews with 15 teachers, the study found that sexuality was in one sense pervasive, as it came up frequently in the teachers' practice. Yet at the same time the…

Puchner, Laurel; Klein, Nicole Aydt

2012-01-01

401

Peace Issues: A Humanities Curriculum for High School, 1994-1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum focuses on peace and justice issues while emphasizing the positive of the building of relationships. Units are developmental in approach and work from "Relating to Self" to "Relating to Others" to "Relating to Community and World." A Code of Ethics is presented to guide the unit and a section on sports' ethics is aimed specifically…

Community Unit School District #9, Granite City, IL.

402

Indigenous Population Mobilities and School Achievement: International Educational Research Itineraries, Issues and Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper situates the articles in this special theme issue of the "International Journal of Educational Research" within the broader global literature regarding the educational experiences and opportunities of mobile communities. The paper distils those articles' contributions to extending current understandings about the specific "itineraries"…

Danaher, P. A.

2012-01-01

403

Teaching Strategies for Developing Students' Argumentation Skills about Socioscientific Issues in High School Genetics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An outcome of science education is that young people have the understandings and skills to participate in public debate and make informed decisions about science issues that influence their lives. Toulmin's argumentation skills are emerging as an effective strategy to enhance the quality of evidence based decision making in science classrooms. In…

Dawson, Vaille Maree; Venville, Grady

2010-01-01

404

School Issues Under [Section] 504 and the ADA: The Latest and Greatest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper highlights recent guidance and rulings from the Office of Civil Rights (OCR) of interest to administrators, advocates, and attorneys. It is a companion piece to Student Issues on SectionNB504/ADA: The Latest and Greatest. Compliance with SectionNB504 and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) continues to involve debate and dialog on…

Aleman, Steven R.

405

Moral Sensitivity in the Context of Socioscientific Issues in High School Science Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is a part of a larger study that examined using socioscientific issues (SSI) as a form of effective science teaching. The purpose was to investigate how teaching a year?long curriculum using SSI affects science learning outcomes. In this report, we examine the effects of a SSI?driven curriculum on the development of students’ moral sensitivity. Our results indicate that

Samantha R. Fowler; Dana L. Zeidler; Troy D. Sadler

2009-01-01

406

Equity Issues in Parental and Community Involvement in Schools: What Teacher Educators Need to Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors examine the literature on parental involvement highlighting the equity issues that it raises in educational practice. They begin with a brief historical overview of approaches to parent involvement and the ways in which "neodeficit" discourses on parents permeate current education reform efforts. Next, they address how…

Baquedano-Lopez, Patricia; Alexander, Rebecca Anne; Hernandez, Sera J.

2013-01-01

407

Man Meets Coast. A Game of Coastal Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provided is an educational game in which 30 to 75 players temporarily assume new identities to explore and resolve various coastal issues facing a ficitious community. Designed for both adults and junior/senior high school students, the game: (1) demonstrates the interrelationship between the natural marine environment and human systems; (2)…

Barile, Diane

408

Multicultural Issues: Gifted Education Discrimination in "McFadden v. Board of Education for Illinois School District U-46": A Clarion Call to School Districts, State Departments of Education, and Advocacy Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gifted education has faced numerous criticisms regarding the extensive and persistent underrepresentation of Black and Hispanic students. In the April 2013 issue of "Gifted Child Today," this author wrote about prejudice and discrimination in gifted education, and argued that in the past and now, discrimination exists in gifted education…

Ford, Donna Y.

2014-01-01

409

A perspective on knowing about global warming and a critical comment about schools and curriculum in relation to socio-scientific issues  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The focus of this response to Virginie Albe and Marie-José Gombert's (2011) article on a research study of students' school science conference on global warming is to develop some thoughts on covert assumptions which underpin any such conference. My comments refer to the politics behind the production of scientific knowledge of climate change and the institutional barriers to action on socio-scientific issues presented by schools working predominantly on neoliberal agendas.

Levinson, Ralph

2012-09-01

410

Key Issue: Recruiting Mathematics and Science Teachers at the High School Level  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

High attrition rates amongst secondary mathematics and science teachers disrupts studentsâ learning, concerns parents, and magnifies the stressors to which remaining teachers are subjected. The National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality provides a list of strategies for recruiting high school teachers: implement strategies that provide meaningful incentives for prospective teachers; specifically target those teachers with the experience and education to meet the needs of the school; build a relationship and craft a strategy with input from local institutions of higher education; view the strategies as part of a larger effort to recruit and retain high-quality teachers for every subject at every grade level; take advantage of the local supply of potential teachers; use the internet to increase the reach of recruitment efforts; provide high-quality opportunities for people in other professions to transfer into teaching; be selective in accepting candidates from alternative preparation programs; and broaden the diversity of prospective teachers. These tips are broken down into six steps, and examples are provided of programs with remarkably effective recruitment strategies.

2009-04-22

411

[Schools, office buildings, leisure settings: diversity of indoor air quality issues. Global review on indoor air quality in these settings].  

PubMed

This review provides a global overview of indoor air quality issues in schools, office buildings and recreational settings. It presents the most recent scientific publications and the on-going work conducted in France in the frame of the indoor air quality Observatory. Monitoring campaigns on indoor air quality in schools have been carried out in the recent years in Europe. However, few studies have specifically addressed the role of exposure in these buildings on children's health. Indoor air quality in office buildings has been little studied so far. However, some specificities, such as emissions from electronic devices, frequent cleaning, impossibility to open windows in high-rise buildings, for example, should be examined and their role on the health and comfort studied. Finally, even if the time spent in recreational settings is short, the quality of indoor air should also be considered because of specific pollution. This is the case of indoor swimming pools (exposure to chlorination byproducts) and ice-rinks (exposure to exhaust from machines used to smooth the ice). PMID:22818262

Mandin, C; Derbez, M; Kirchner, S

2012-07-01

412

Building Bridges from Home to School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the issues surrounding the transition from home or preschool to elementary school for children from low-income families, and examines the future direction of transition programs to help alleviate many of the difficulties that these families face. Noting that there are two venues for reform action, the curriculum and the family…

Bauch, Jerold P.

413

Major Topics of School Business Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirteen articles on major topics facing school business officials in the 1980s are presented in this book. The titles and their authors are (1) "The Pursuit of Equity in Financing Public Education," by R. Craig Wood, Helene B. Jones, and William L. Riley; (2) "Facilities: Major Issues Ahead," by C. William Day; (3) "Cooperative Decision Making in…

Clark, James E., Ed.; Hertz, Karl V., Ed.

414

Some Live Issues of the Physics Teaching in all the School Levels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In many countries the levels of social and economic development are also the determinants of education policies. During the last 10 years Albania had new developments in social and economic environment, but the education policies has remain the same or have been almost insignificantly enhanced. It isn't our intention discussing these policies, but just expressing some considerations according to the most recent experience and our vision. These considerations regard the teaching physics quality in all the school levels. It's truth that students have serious difficulty in understanding physics. We have tried to understand why this happens and how we can help them? In this paper we identify some teaching and learning problems and argue importance of using of educational philosophy, cognitive theory and pedagogical research to change our teaching of physics.

Mico, Silvana; Mandili, Jorgo

2010-01-01

415

Recurrent issues in efforts to prevent homicidal youth violence in schools: expert opinions.  

PubMed

Developmental research on social influences on adolescents can guide practices aimed to prevent homicidal youth violence. School shootings have repeatedly raised questions about the contributory role of bullying and entertainment violence, how news media publicity might produce copycat crimes, and whether stiffer criminal sanctions might have a deterrent effect. This article presents the thoughts and recommendations of a group of experts on these topics summarizing the current knowledge base. In brief, bullying reduction programs may be a useful early prevention effort. Television and video games with violent themes can encourage aggressive behavior, but these media can be used to teach more prosocial behavior as well. The potential copycat effects of highly publicized crimes might be diminished with more restrained reporting, although more research is needed. Finally, there is substantial evidence that increased criminal sanctions for youthful offenders have not had a deterrent effect. PMID:21491577

Dill, Karen E; Redding, Richard E; Smith, Peter K; Surette, Ray; Cornell, Dewey G

2011-01-01

416

Citizenship Education and Socioscientific Issues: Implicit Concept of Citizenship in the Curriculum, Views of French Middle School Teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The educative goal of citizenship education through science education converges to the declared purpose of the SSI research movement. Socioscientific issues formulated in science education research covering topics as biotechnology, environmental issues, sustainable development, energy choices, have been introduced in French Middle Schools. But citizenship is often not clarified and can be multiple. After having clarified who is the citizen targeted by SSI research movement, the concept of citizen in the French curriculum needs to be clarify. What do these citizens have in common with the citizen that a sociology literature review let see oscillating between obedience and critical thinking has also been investigated. The paper also looks at the teachers' views and their contribution to citizenship education through socioscientific topics described in the national curriculum. From the analysis, different teachers' views of citizenship education have been highlighted: a normative citizenship education in connection with civility and rules and an emancipatory citizenship education to develop pupils' skills such as searching and evaluating information, argumentation and critical thinking in order to enable pupils to build their own argued opinion and to participate to public debates. This last emancipatory view of citizenship education is congruent with the aim of social empowerment within the SSI research movement.

Barrue, Catherine; Albe, Virginie

2013-05-01

417

Have you ever gone to your high school reunion and not recognized most of the people there? Not only does the body change, but the face  

E-print Network

to commercial software used for face recognition. "But, it is difficult to make significant improvements to their faces when they were younger. Variations caused by aging is an area of face recognition that has Improve Face Recognition M I C H I G A N S T A T E U N I V E R S I T Y C O L L E G E O F E N G I N E E R I

418

Face alive  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a computer system for dynamically synthesizing realistic facial expressions based on a new personalized 3D face model constructed from the anatomical perspective. We start from a highly accurate facial mesh reconstructed from the individual face measurements. Based on the reconstructed facial mesh, a deformable multi-layer skin model is developed to simulate the dynamic behavior of the skin

Yu Zhang; Edmond C. Prakash; Eric Sung

2004-01-01

419

Face Recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Face recognition falls into the broadly defined area of biometrics, which is concerned with the verification and recognition of a person’s identity by means of unique appearance or behavioral characteristics. Appearance characteristics include hand, fingerprint, eye, iris, retina and face, while behavioral characteristics include signature, voice, keystroke and grip. Automated fingerprint recognition, speaker and speech recognition, and iris and retina

Chengjun Liu; Harry Wechsler

420

The West Beverly Hills Lineament and Beverly Hills High School: Ethical Issues in Geo-Hazard Communication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Results of geotechnical studies for the Westside Subway were disclosed in a public hearing on Oct. 19, 2011, showing new "active faults" of the Santa Monica fault and the West Beverly Hills Lineament (WBHL), identified as a northern extension of the Newport-Inglewood fault. Presentations made spoke of the danger posed by these faults, the possibility of killing people, and how it was good news that these faults had been discovered now instead of later. The presentations were live and are now memorialized as YouTube videos, (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Omx2BTIpzAk and others). No faults had been physically exposed or observed by the study; the faults were all interpreted from cone penetrometer probes, supplemented by core borings and geophysical transects. Several of the WBHL faults traversed buildings of the Beverly Hills High School (BHHS), triggering the school district to geologically map and characterize these faults for future planning efforts, and to quantify risk to the students in the 1920's high school building. 5 exploratory trenches were excavated within the high school property, 12 cone penetrometers were pushed, and 26-cored borings were drilled. Geologic logging of the trenches and borings and interpretation of the CPT data failed to confirm the presence of the mapped WBHL faults, instead showing an unfaulted, 3° NE dipping sequence of mid-Pleistocene alluvial fan deposits conformably overlying an ~1 Ma marine sand. Using 14C, OSL, and soil pedology for stratigraphic dating, the BHHS site was cleared from fault rupture hazards and the WBHL was shown to be an erosional margin of Benedict Canyon, partially buttressed by 40-200 ka alluvial deposits from Benedict Wash. The consequence of the Westside Subway's active fault maps has been the unexpected expenditure of millions of dollars for emergency fault investigations at BHHS and several other private properties within a densely developed urban highrise environment. None of these studies have found any active faults where they had been interpreted, mapped, and published by the subway's consultants. Litigation is underway by the affected parties to recoup their geological expenditures and recover costs for lost business revenues. Even had the active fault map been correct, its public release was poorly managed. That the released active fault map has now been found to be badly in error poses more significant ethical issues about hazard communication and likely legal consequences.

Gath, Eldon; Gonzalez, Tania; Roe, Joe; Buchiarelli, Philip; Kenny, Miles

2014-05-01

421

Responding To and Recovering From an Active Shooter Incident That Turns Into a Hostage Situation. Lessons Learned From School Crises and Emergencies, Volume 2, Issue 6, 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Lessons Learned" is a series of publications that are a brief recounting of actual school emergencies and crises. This "Lessons Learned" issue focuses on an active shooter situation that escalated to a hostage situation that required multiple law enforcement agencies and other first responders and agencies to coordinate response and recovery…

US Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

422

The School Principal in Late Career: An Explorative Inquiry into Career Issues and Experiences in the Pre-Retirement Working Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this explorative study was to trace the career experiences, problems, and issues of school principals in late-career stage, the place given to this stage in the principal's career cycle, and the way by which late career is interpreted in principals' life accounts. Based on life story interviews with twelve male and female principals…

Oplatka, Izhar

2007-01-01

423

Socio-Scientific Issues and the Quality of Exploratory Talk--What can be Learned from Schools Involved in a "Collapsed Day" Project?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project was designed to examine the feasibility of using a "collapsed day" to explore socio-scientific issues relating to genes and genetic engineering in secondary schools by enabling science and humanities staff to collaborate. It was believed that science staff would have expertise in promoting understanding of genetics and humanities…

Harris, Richard; Ratcliffe, Mary

2005-01-01

424

After-Action Reports: Capturing Lessons Learned and Identifying Areas for Improvement. Lessons Learned from School Crises and Emergencies. Volume 2, Issue 1, 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Lessons Learned" is a series of publications that are a brief recounting of actual school emergencies and crises. This issue of "Lessons Learned" addresses after-action reports, which are an integral part of the emergency preparedness planning continuum and support effective crisis response. After-action reports have a threefold purpose. They…

US Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

425

Response to Special Issue of "Action, Criticism and Theory for Music Education" Concerning "Music, Informal Learning and the School: A New Classroom Pedagogy"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the author's response to the six authors in the special issue of "Action, Criticism and Theory for Music Education" concerning her book "Music, Informal Learning and the School: A New Classroom Pedagogy." In this response, the author focuses on some general observations that came to mind whilst reading the valuable set of…

Green, Lucy

2009-01-01

426

Globalization and the Business Schools: Toward Business and World-Sustainable Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Globalization is a force that produces deep changes in business and society. Business schools face great challenges and opportunities in educating future leaders who can work across countries and cultures. This article presents some strategic issues regarding the type of education that business schools should offer from a global perspective, aimed…

Dieck-Assad, María de Lourdes

2013-01-01

427

National or Global: The Mutable Concepts of Identity and Home for International School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines a selection of responses about identity and belonging among students in an international school in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, who must often move from one continent to another because of the nature of their parents' work. A review of the literature highlights some of the issues these students face within an international school

Bagnall, Nigel

2012-01-01

428

Seattle's Small-Area Approach to Forecasting Enrollments at the School Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issues of achieving school desegregation and providing programs for students with special needs, while at the same time facing enrollment declines, have forced school administrators to improve techniques for projecting demand. This paper describes a new procedure that combines forecasting of enrollments and management of facilities and that…

Bernhardt, Victoria L.; And Others

429

Hopes, Fears, & Reality: A Balanced Look at American Charter Schools in 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second annual report from the National Charter School Research Project (NCSRP) at the University of Washington's Center on Reinventing Public Education. Like last year's debut edition of Hopes, Fears, & Reality, the 2006 volume explores some of the most current and controversial issues facing the charter school movement. This year's…

Lake, Robin J., Ed.; Hill, Paul T., Ed.

2006-01-01

430

Multimedia and Learning: A School Leader's Guide. A Technology Leadership Network Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for education leaders who seek to apply multimedia technology in schools, this guide addresses not only hardware and software matters, but also a wide range of related issues that schools face. Various facets of the topic are addressed in 12 papers presented under 8 broad headings: (1) Multimedia Technology (Racquel Skolnik and R. G.…

Ward, Anne W., Ed.

431

Snapshots of Sustainability: Profiles of Successful Strategies for Financing Out-of-School Time Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sustainability is a critical issue for out-of-school programs. Time-limited grants, narrow categorical funding streams, and difficult economic conditions leave program leaders in a continual struggle to find a stable base of resources to continue their program over time. In the face of these challenges, many out-of-school initiatives have…

Sandel, Kate, Ed.

2007-01-01

432

School Inspection in Small States and Territories: An Overview and Case Study of Macau  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews school inspection systems in small states and territories (SSTs), indicating tensions, challenges and sensitivities that relate to their small size. A qualitative case study is presented of the new school inspection system in Macau, a post-colonial, small territory facing issues experienced in other SSTs. Macau's inspection…

Morrison, Keith

2009-01-01

433

The High Cost of Failing to Reform Public Education in Indiana. School Choice Issues in the State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study documents the public costs of high school dropouts in Indiana, and examines how school choice would provide large public benefits by increasing the graduation rate in Indiana public schools. It calculates the annual cost of high school dropouts in Indiana due to lower state income tax payments, increased reliance on Medicaid, and…

Gottlob, Brian J.

2006-01-01

434

A Mission to Serve: How Public Charter Schools Are Designed to Meet the Diverse Demands of Our Communities. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The public charter school movement has grown rapidly in the 20 years since the first public charter school opened in 1992, with over 5,600 schools now serving more than two million students. One of the most exceptional developments within the first two decades of the movement has been the rise of high performing public charter schools with…

Kern, Nora; Thukral, Renita; Ziebarth, Todd

2012-01-01

435

School-Based Mental Health Services for Adolescents: School Psychology in Contemporary Society  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescents are in crisis in school, home, and in the community. With an increasing array of problems, from alcohol and drug addiction to teenage pregnancy, the nation's youth are facing difficult challenges. In particular, family problems experienced by adolescents alone can seem daunting, with such issues as divorce, abuse, and discord changing…

Crespi, Tony D.; Hughes, Tammy L.

2004-01-01

436

Colleague: An Annual Collection of Articles on Academic and Administrative Issues Facing Community Colleges of the State University of New York.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This journal presents a cross-section of current ideas about leadership and diversity and articles on programs and practices in the State University of New York's community college system. The 1993 issue includes the following: (1) "Pluralism and Diversity: The Journey toward Commitment," by Cora W. Wilder; (2) "The Organizational Development…

Burns, Charles A., Ed.; And Others

437

Improving School Libraries and Independent Reading: 1997-2002 Impact Evaluation of the K-12 School Library Printed Materials Grant. Policy Issue Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a comprehensive strategy to improve the literacy of Indiana students, the Indiana General Assembly provided $4 million for K-8 schools for the 1997-1999 school years in the School Library Printed Materials Grant. The grant was expanded to K-12 for the second funding cycle--1999-2000 and 2000-2001 and the funds increased to $6 million.…

Plucker, Jonathan A.; Humphrey, Jack; Kearns, Ann M.; Walter, Chrisanne N.

438

Face to Face with Ants  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Imagine being the size of an ant. Be careful - a face-to-face encounter with an ant would be scary and potentially life-threatening! But, if you avoided being eaten, you could learn a lot about ant anatomy from a close-up view. Ants have many body parts that are normally hard to see without a magnifying glass or microscope. And each structure has its own special function.

Dr. Biology

439

Who Picks up the Tab? Reducing Payment Errors in School Nutrition Programs. Trends in Nutrition Policy. Issue Brief. Number 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and the School Breakfast Program (SBP) help ensure that many low-income children have enough nutritious food to eat, some studies have suggested that the programs could be more efficient and cost-effective. In particular, concerns have been raised about erroneous payments that reimburse schools for…

Ponza, Michael; Gleason, Philip; Hulsey, Lara; Moore, Quinn

2009-01-01

440

How Much Growth toward College Readiness Is Reasonable to Expect in High School? Issues In College Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An important question in preparing all students for college and career by the time they graduate from high school is that of determining how much growth in academic achievement typically occurs during high school and whether such growth can be accelerated so that more students are ready for college and career when they graduate from high school.…

ACT, Inc., 2009

2009-01-01

441

Comprehensive School Reform at the Helm: The North Carolina Instructional Leadership Reform Program. Benchmark. Volume 5, Issue 4, Fall 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter discusses how in many ways the development of the school reform concept parallels with the evolution of thinking about principal leadership over the past decade. Under Comprehensive School Reform (CSR), schools are increasingly being asked to use data to plan for improvement and to fortify instruction and professional development…

Janc, Helen; Appelbaum, Deborah

2004-01-01

442

Confidential Settlement Agreements between School Districts and Teachers Accused of Child Abuse: Issues of Law and Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Open records statutes, child abuse reporting laws, and public policy are impediments to confidential settlement agreements with school districts and teachers accused of child abuse. In addition, a school administrator should ask whether the settlement agreement could assist an unsuitable teacher to obtain employment in another school district.…

Fossey, W. Richard

1990-01-01

443

What Educators in Catholic Schools Might Expect when Addressing Gay and Lesbian Issues: A Study of Needs and Barriers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research indicated that Catholic high schools in the United States were not addressing the topic of homosexuality in any significant and systematic way prior to the mid-1990s, though practitioners in Catholic high schools have begun to address the topic in recent years. This study, in sampling seven Catholic schools in the greater Chicago…

Maher, Michael J.; Sever, Linda M.

2007-01-01

444

Fiscal Equity Comparisons between Current and Capital Education Expenditures and between Rural and Nonrural Schools in Oklahoma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fiscal equity in public education has been a substantive issue with a long history in school finance literature. However, the growing demands of capital outlay financing are given little or no attention in typical equity funding schemes. Currently, school districts throughout the nation are faced with the need to finance the construction,…

Maiden, Jeffrey; Stearns, Rodney

2007-01-01

445

Face adaptation without a face.  

PubMed

Prolonged viewing of a stimulus results in a subsequent perceptual bias. This perceptual adaptation and the resulting aftereffect reveal important characteristics regarding how perceptual systems are tuned. These aftereffects occur not only for simple stimulus features but also for high-level stimulus properties. Here we report a novel cross-category adaptation aftereffect demonstrating that prolonged viewing of a human body without a face shifts the perceptual tuning curve for face gender and face identity. This contradicts a central assumption underlying perceptual adaptation: that adaptation depends on physical similarity between how the adapting and the adapted features are perceived. Additionally, this aftereffect was not due to response bias, because its dependence on adaptation duration resembled traditional perceptual aftereffects. These body-to-face adaptation results demonstrate that bodies alone can alter the tuning properties of neurons that code for the gender and identity of faces. More generally, these results reveal that high-level perceptual adaptation can occur when the property or features being adapted are automatically inferred rather than perceived in the adapting stimulus. PMID:20022246

Ghuman, Avniel Singh; McDaniel, Jonathan R; Martin, Alex

2010-01-12

446

Visual Search for Faces with Emotional Expressions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this review is to critically examine contradictory findings in the study of visual search for emotionally expressive faces. Several key issues are addressed: Can emotional faces be processed preattentively and guide attention? What properties of these faces influence search efficiency? Is search moderated by the emotional state of the…

Frischen, Alexandra; Eastwood, John D.; Smilek, Daniel

2008-01-01

447

Saturday School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When the author became principal at South Pittsburg High School in the rural southeast corner of Tennessee, he noticed that the school had a serious problem with students arriving late to school in the morning and late to classes during the school day. When this issue was discussed, it was decided that there was a need to initiate a Saturday…

Pratt, Allen

2011-01-01

448

School-to-Work Opportunities for All Youth: Intermediary Organizations and Expanding Options. School-to-Work Intermediary Project. Issue Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The School to Work Opportunities Act of 1994 requires that all young people, including young people with disabilities and out-of-school youth, have equal opportunities to participate in the activities funded by it. Local intermediary organizations that provide a critical convening role and offer services to core education and business partners can…

Spera, Vincent; Williams, Andra

449

How Student and School Characteristics Are Associated with Performance on the Maine High School Assessment. Summary. Issues & Answers. REL 2011-No. 102  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Maine Department of Education wanted to use longitudinal data from its data system to better understand whether and how student and school characteristics are associated with student performance on the state-mandated Maine High School Assessment (MHSA). It was particularly interested in understanding the factors associated with changes in test…

Hoyle, Craig D.; O'Dwyer, Laura M.; Chang, Quincy

2011-01-01

450

Measuring School Climate for Gauging Principal Performance: A Review of the Validity and Reliability of Publicly Accessible Measures. A Quality School Leadership Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This policy brief provides principal evaluation system designers information about the technical soundness and cost (i.e., time requirements) of publicly available school climate surveys. The authors focus on the technical soundness of school climate surveys because they believe that using validated and reliable surveys as an outcomes measure can…

Clifford, Matthew; Menon, Roshni; Gangi, Tracy; Condon, Christopher; Hornung, Katie

2012-01-01

451

ERCMExpress. Volume 3, Issue 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Emergency Response and Crisis Management (ERCM) Technical Assistance Center's newsletter, "ERCMExpress," provides comprehensive information on key issues in school emergency management. This issue of "ERCMExpress" discusses "Tapping into Nontraditional Community Partners for Emergency Management." Collaboration by schools with community…

Kahn, Gina

2007-01-01

452

Investigating Safely: A Guide for High School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Just as high school science is more complex than it is at lower grade levels, so are the safety issues teachers face in their classes and labs. Reduce the risks to people and place with Investigating Safely, the third and most advanced and detailed volume in NSTA's unique series of safety guidebooks for science teachers. Some of the guides 11…

Texley, Juliana; Kwan, Terry; Summers, John

2004-01-01

453

Albinism in Botswana Junior Secondary Schools: A Double Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pupils with albinism potentially face a number of challenges in accessing quality education in schools in Botswana. Physical issues such as poor eyesight related to the condition and the problems of sensitive skin in such a dry and warm climate are both contributing factors to making learning problematic for some pupils. This study by Gareth Dart…

Dart, Gareth; Nkanotsang, Tiroyaone; Chizwe, Ose; Kowa, Lily

2010-01-01

454

The Effect of Outsourcing on the Performance of Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public education in the 21st century is faced with many difficult challenges. The first and probably most common issue is related to finance. As the economy continues to worsen, school districts are forced to find new revenue streams while at the same time reducing expenditures. In the current economic climate, it is becoming more difficult for…

Rivera, Lonny J.

2009-01-01

455

Gale-Shapley Stable Marriage Problem Revisited: Strategic Issues and Applications  

E-print Network

Gale-Shapley Stable Marriage Problem Revisited: Strategic Issues and Applications (Extended studied by Gale and Shapley [2]. In a stable marriage problem we have two finite sets of players between the stable marriage model as described here, and the problem faced by the primary school students

Sethuraman, Jay

456

American Business in South Africa. Instructor's Guide [and] Student Materials. Business Issues in the Classroom. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of units designed to acquaint secondary school students with business issues, this packet focuses on the decisions facing American companies doing business in South Africa. Teacher and student materials are provided in separate sections. The teacher's guide presents an overview, objectives, five detailed lesson plans, suggested…

Maxey, Phyllis F.

457

Changing Faces of Reform. Proceedings of the Annual Rural & Small Schools Conference (18th, Manhattan, Kansas, October 27-28, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings contains abstracts of 21 presentations. Titles and presenters are: "Teaching and Learning in Multiage Classrooms" (Laura Blevins and others); "Leadership, School Reform and the Rural School Superintendent" (Mike Boone); "Teaching English as a Second Language from Theory to Practice" (Mingsheng Dai); "A Guide for Central Office…

Kansas State Univ., Manhattan. Center for Rural Education and Small Schools.

458

Face Photo Retrieval by Sketch Example Hamed Kiani Galoogahi  

E-print Network

Face Photo Retrieval by Sketch Example Hamed Kiani Galoogahi School of Computing National University of Singapore Singapore, 117417 tsim@comp.nus.edu.sg ABSTRACT Face photo-sketch matching has of matching face photo and sketch is difference of visual characteristics between face photo and sketch which

Sim, Terence

459

The Genesis of School Inspection in South East Wales 1839-1843: Issues of Social Control and Accountability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article examines the genesis of school inspection in South East Wales during the period 1839-1843 through the writing of Hugh Seymour Tremenheere, one of the first school inspectors. It discusses the formation of the new inspectorate and provides a narrative analysis of educational provision and social, cultural and economic conditions…

James, David C.; Davies, Brian

2009-01-01

460

Building a Foundation for Success: How Authorizers Can Help Schools with the Facilities Challenge. Authorizer Issue Brief. Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the single biggest challenges for a charter school is securing financing for an adequate facility. While a stellar building provides no guarantee that a school will be a success, having adequate facilities that at least meet the needs of an academic program without robbing the budget can go a long way toward creating an environment…

Halsband, Robin; Hassel, Bryan C.

2004-01-01

461

End-of-Life and Palliative Care Issues in Medical and Nursing Schools in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Medical and nursing schools in the United States have traditionally had a limited emphasis on end-of-life care. The present study is a comparison of these 2 professional programs' current offerings on death education. Data were gathered via a mailed survey from the 122 medical schools in 2005 and the 580 baccalaureate nursing programs in 2006.…

Dickinson, George E.

2007-01-01

462

Changes in the Cost of Energy in One State's School Districts. Issues & Answers. REL 2010-No. 088  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To support the work of Tennessee's Energy Efficient Schools Initiative (EESI) Council, this report describes data on energy expenditures in school districts for 2002/03-2007/08. Energy expenditures rose from about 2.6 percent to about 3.0 percent of total expenditures over the period, with some differences in the mix of energy types and…

Cymrot, Donald J.; Martinez, Miguel; Jones, Joseph F.

2010-01-01

463

Use of Alternative Funding by Rural Schools for Supplemental Programs Which Address Current Social Issues and Special Education Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gadsden Independent School District (GISD) in rural New Mexico sought alternative funding sources to meet student needs in the areas of early childhood education, special education, at-risk programs, and partnership programs with communities and local colleges. Although this school district has been granted funds for many of its projects,…

Brown, Darlene N.; Schenck, Rosalie A.

464

FEDERAL POLICY AND THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS, A SERIES OF NINE ESSAYS FOCUSING ON QUESTIONS AND ISSUES AROUND WHICH POLICY EVOLVES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE GROWING IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATION AND THE PERSISTENT AND EMERGING PROBLEMS AND PRESSURES IMPINGING ON SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS LED THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS TO AUTHORIZE PREPARATION OF THE NINE ESSAYS IN THIS VOLUME. EACH ESSAY IS CONCERNED WITH THE GENERAL TOPIC "FEDERAL POLICY AND THE PUBLIC…

LINDMAN, ERICK L.; AND OTHERS

465

Male Teachers as Role Models: Addressing Issues of Masculinity, Pedagogy and the Re-Masculinization of Schooling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the call for more male teachers as role models in elementary schools and treats it as a manifestation of "recuperative masculinity politics" ( Lingard & Douglas, 1999). Attention is drawn to the problematic gap between neo-liberal educational policy-related discussions about male teacher shortage in elementary schools and…

Martino, Wayne John

2008-01-01

466

Levers for Change: Southeast Region State Initiatives to Improve High Schools. Issues & Answers. REL 2007-No. 024  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This descriptive report examines the strategies of the six Southeast Region states (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, and South Carolina) to improve high school graduation rates and student achievement and to increase the number of students leaving high school with the skills and knowledge necessary for the twenty-first…

Edmunds, Julie A.; McColskey, Wendy

2007-01-01

467

Who Enrolls in Dual Enrollment and Other Acceleration Programs in Florida High Schools? Issues & Answers. REL 2012-No. 119  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of advanced-level high school courses that offer credit toward both a high school diploma and a college degree in Florida compares one such program (dual enrollment) with others, describing the number and characteristics of grade 11 and 12 students enrolled overall and by district. It also examines dual enrollment partnerships between…

Estacion, Angela; Cotner, Bridget A.; D'Souza, Stephanie; Smith, Chrystal A. S.; Borman, Kathryn M.

2011-01-01

468

Who Enrolls in Dual Enrollment and Other Acceleration Programs in Florida High Schools? Summary. Issues & Answers. REL 2012-No. 119  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of advanced-level high school courses that offer credit toward both a high school diploma and a college degree in Florida compares one such program (dual enrollment) with others, describing the number and characteristics of grade 11 and 12 students enrolled overall and by district. It also examines dual enrollment partnerships between…

Estacion, Angela; Cotner, Bridget A.; D'Souza, Stephanie; Smith, Chrystal A. S.; Borman, Kathryn M.

2011-01-01

469

Planning and Conducting a Functional Exercise. Helpful Hints for School Emergency Management. Volume 2, Issue 4, 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A key component of comprehensive school and school district emergency management plans is an exercise program that includes the five types of exercises: (1) orientation seminars; (2) drills; (3) tabletop exercises; and (4) functional exercises. Functional exercises are excellent tools for testing the extent to which an existing emergency…

US Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

470

Higher Education: Issues Related to Law School Cost and Access. Report to Congressional Committees. GAO-10-20  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to participate in federal student financial aid programs, law schools must be accredited by an agency recognized by the Department of Education (Education). Accreditation is intended to ensure that schools provide basic levels of quality in their educational programs, and Education recognizes those accrediting agencies that it concludes…

Scott, George A.

2009-01-01

471

Funding School Choice: A Road Map to Tax-Credit Scholarship Programs and Scholarship Granting Organizations. Issues in Depth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many states are considering a form a school choice known as "tax-credit scholarships," which currently provide school choice to almost 60,000 students in Arizona, Florida and Pennsylvania, which and have just been enacted in Iowa. This guide shows how tax-credit scholarships work and introduces the scholarship granting organizations that…

Forster, Greg

2006-01-01

472

A Canadian and American Comparison: Church-State Constitutional Issues in Public Schooling. Part II--An American Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The roots of the American doctrine of separation between church and state are examined in this historical analysis. Factors for the exclusion of private schools from public funding include: (1) anti-Catholic sentiment; (2) reactions against rapid Irish immigration; (3) Catholic distrust of private schools; and (4) the view of publicly funded…

Daugherty, Richard

473

Meeting Oregon's New High School Math Graduation Requirements: Examining Student Enrollment and Teacher Availability. Issues & Answers. REL 2012-No. 126  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Disaggregating the data across four school variables--size, locale, racial/ethnic minority population, and population eligible for free or reduced-price lunch--this study examines the extent to which Oregon grade 9-12 students enrolled in high school math courses during 2006/07 and 2007/08 would not have been on track to graduate had the new…

Raphael, Jacqueline; Sage, Nicole; Ishimaru, Ann

2012-01-01

474

Parent Involvement and Extended Learning Activities in School Improvement Plans in the Midwest Region. Issues & Answers. REL 2011-No. 115  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the reauthorized Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 2001 (Public Law 107-110), commonly referred to as the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, Title I schools that fail to make adequate yearly progress for two consecutive years are required to develop or revise school improvement plans aimed at boosting student achievement.…

Kochanek, Julie Reed; Wraight, Sara; Wan, Yinmei; Nylen, Leslie; Rodriguez, Sheila

2011-01-01

475

Postsecondary and Labor Force Transitions among Public High School Career and Technical Education Participants. Issue Tables. NCES 2011-234  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Career and technical education (CTE) is a significant component of high school education. For the last several decades, more than 90 percent of public high school graduates have earned at least some credits in CTE, with graduates from the class of 2005 earning an average of 4.0 CTE credits (Hudson and Laird 2009; Levesque 2003; Levesque et al.…

Bersudskaya, Vera; Chen, Xianglei

2011-01-01

476

The School of Civil & Environmental Engineering (CEE)at Georgia Tech is one of 10 schools within the Institute's College of for future generations to solve complex challenges facing growing populations. Our faculty are leaders in their respective discipli  

E-print Network

The School of Civil & Environmental Engineering (CEE)at Georgia Tech is one of 10 schools within tenure-track faculty BY THE NUMBERS No.3 No.2 CIVIL ENGINEERING ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING national and of Development 404.385.0128 molly.croft@coe.gatech.edu School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia

Wang, Yuhang

477

Newton in the Big Apple: Issues of equity in physics access and enrollment in New York City public high schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High school physics is a gateway course for post-secondary study in science, medicine, and engineering, as well as an essential component in the formation of students' scientific literacy. However, physics is widely considered appropriate only for an academic elite. The existence of policies that restrict science opportunities for secondary students results in diminished outcomes in terms of scientific proficiency. Although the national trend in physics enrollment has shown an increase in recent years, the rate of participation is much lower for students in urban schools. This study examines the availability of physics in New York City, and whether access is related to organizational and school-level variables. The statistical distribution of physics students throughout the city is compiled and analyzed. High schools that successfully offer physics are compared with those that do not. Other factors are explored to determine their relationship to physics access, such as the presence of science magnet schools, the availability of Advanced Placement Physics and Non-Regents Physics, the science curricular sequence, and teacher certification. The results show that physics is not widely available to students in New York City, with 55% of high schools simply not offering the subject. Only 27% of schools with fewer than 600 students offer physics. The science magnet schools enroll a significant proportion of physics students when compared with larger, economically depressed neighborhood schools. The causes of these disparities are complex, and the implications serious for those students who do not have equal access to physics. The implications of these findings are important. By highlighting descriptive variables, as well as statistical evidence of systemic discrimination and inequities, urban districts may formulate effective models for the promotion of physics study. School policies and structures need to target better rates of physics participation among all students, regardless of socioeconomic status or race. The evidence presented here is a starting point for identifying the extent of inequities in order to develop long-term reform efforts to improve physics access for all.

Kelly, Angela Marian

478

School Consolidation: Easing the Transition. Administrative Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changing population patterns, inflated housing costs, and cuts in school financing have forced many school districts to face school closures and school consolidation as a way of maintaining solvency. This report reviews the literature on school consolidation with attention to the fact that the need to consolidate now faces elementary schools as…

Moray, Mary

479

Face to Face or E-Learning in Turkish EFL Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This purpose of this study was to understand e-learners and face to face learners' views towards learning English through e-learning in vocational higher school context and to determine the role of academic achievement and gender in e-learning and face to face learning. This study was conducted at a state-run university in 2012-2013 academic…

Solak, Ekrem; Cakir, Recep

2014-01-01

480

Adaptive People and Adaptive Systems: Issues of Learning and Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The United States is not the only nation facing these issues. As Darling-Hammond explains, “Nations around the world are reforming\\u000a their school systems to meet these new demands;” they are “revising curriculum, instruction, and assessment to support the\\u000a more complex knowledge and skills needed in the twenty-first century – skills needed for framing problems, seeking and organizing\\u000a information and resources,

John Bransford; Susan Mosborg; Michael A. Copland; Meredith A. Honig; Harold G. Nelson; Drue Gawel; Rachel S. Phillips; Nancy Vye

481

School law for the child psychiatrist: legal principles and case implications.  

PubMed

Schools are evolving to support all students, including those with mental health issues. Clinicians can help patients and schools by providing diagnostic clarity about a child’s condition, how that condition interferes with school progress, and what interventions are needed in the school setting. State and Federal legislation supports timely response by schools to mental health issues emerging in students through special education laws and general education accommodations, such as Response To Intervention (RTI), which encourages schools to implement evidence-based interventions for students exhibiting mental health conditions. Case examples illuminate important legal considerations when clinicians are faced with issues such as therapeutic placements, home hospital forms, and substance abuse, and student misconduct. PMID:22137809

Brunt, Colby; Bostic, Jeffrey Q

2012-01-01

482

Children's Lost Voices: Ethical Issues in Relation to Undertaking Collaborative, Practice-Based Projects Involving Schools and the Wider Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing emphasis on teachers as "reflective" and "expert practitioners" has led to a noticeable increase in action research involving a wide range of educational practitioners as well as professionals from the academic community. In the light of the complex demands frequently faced by action researchers, this article examines the ethical…

Jones, Marion; Stanley, Grant

2008-01-01

483

Digital Faces  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will "digitize" photographs of human faces using various grid sizes and shades of gray. Through this activity, they gain an understanding of image resolution and how much information is needed to answer various questions.This introductory activity introduces skills that are used to recognize and interpret remotely sensed images, such as aerial photos and satellite images. To complete the activity, educators reproduce 8"x10" head shots of students (or use magazine images), and need to create transparencies with grid squares of different sizes to overlay the photographs. This activity is part of the Ground Truth Studies Teacher Handbook, which provides more than 20 activities to build student understanding of global change and remote sensing, and includes background chapters for teachers, glossary, and appendices.

484

Facing the Future (TM)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Facing the Future(TM) provides educational materials and professional development opportunities for educators that address environmental issues such as population growth, poverty and equity, consumption trends, peace and conflict, health, climate change, and sustainability. These materials include textbooks for students, service learning and action projects, and curriculum units with activities and lesson plans that meet educational standards. The organization's web site provides information on downloading and/or purchasing these materials, information on a featured curriculum unit, news and event announcements, and information on professional development opportunities for in-service and pre-service educators.

485

Promising Start: An Empirical Analysis of How EdChoice Vouchers Affect Ohio Public Schools. School Choice Issues in the State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the first empirical study to examine the effects of Ohio's EdChoice voucher program. Using publicly available data, it measures the program's effect on academic outcomes in public schools where students are eligible for vouchers. The EdChoice program offers vouchers to students who are assigned to chronically underperforming public…

Forster, Greg

2008-01-01

486

Charter School Parents and Their Perceptions of Independent Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given that independent schools have started to face competition from charter schools, the National Association of Independent Schools (NAIS) commissioned a study with current and prospective charter school parents to determine their perceptions of charter vs. independent schools, assess the relative impact of the variables that affect their school

Torres, Amada

2014-01-01

487

Face Detection Based on Color and Local Symmetry Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

As we know, a robust approach to face and facial features detection must be able to handle the variation issues such as changes in imaging conditions, face appearances and image contents. Here we present a method which utilizes color, local symmetry and geometry information of human face based on various models. The algorithm first detects most likely face regions or

Qibin Sun; Weimin Huang; Jiankang Wu

1998-01-01

488

Student Discipline: Procedural Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter's discussion of student discipline stresses a student's right to due process when he or she is faced with suspension or expulsion from school. To determine procedural requirements, the paper states, a school must examine both the statutes of the state and the requirements imposed by state and federal constitutions. The major topic of…

Phay, Robert E.

489

Air toxics regulatory issues facing urban settings.  

PubMed Central

Biomarker research does not exist in isolation. Its usefulness can only be realized when it is translated into prevention strategies to protect public health. In the context of air toxics, these prevention strategies begin with the development of regulatory standards derived from risk assessment schemes. The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 list 189 air toxics, including many volatile organics, metals, and pesticides. The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), through its affiliation with the National Toxicology Program, has generated toxicity and carcinogenicity data on more than 100 of these air toxics. The NIEHS extramural and intramural research portfolios support a variety of projects that develop and validate biomarkers for use in environmental health science and risk assessment. Biomarkers have a tremendous potential in the areas of regulating air toxics and protecting public health. Risk assessors need data provided by biomarkers of exposure, biomarkers of dose/pharmacokinetics, biomarkers of susceptibility or individual variability, and biomarkers of effects. The greatest benefit would be realized if biomarkers could be employed in four areas of primary and secondary prevention. The first is the use of biomarkers to enhance extrapolation of animal data to human exposure situations in establishing risk standards. The second is the use of biomarkers that assess noncancer, as well as cancer, end points. Important health end points include pulmonary dysfunction, immunotoxicity, and neurotoxicity. Third, biomarkers that serve as early waming signs to detect intermediate effects would enhance our ability to design timely and cost-effective intervention strategies. Finally, biomarkers used to evaluate the effectiveness of intervention strategies, both in clinical and regulatory settings, would enable us to ensure that programs designed to protect public health do, in fact, achieve the desired outcome. PMID:8933026

Olden, K; Guthrie, J

1996-01-01

490

Children of Cocaine: Facing the Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Statistical data illustrate the incidence of babies who have been prenatally exposed to cocaine. The damaging effects of maternal cocaine use on the fetus, infant, and young child are described, including: (1) prenatal strokes, malformed kidneys and limbs, and deformed hearts and lungs; (2) physical problems, social and emotional problems, and…

Fact Find, 1990

1990-01-01

491

A Changing Nation: Issues Facing Chinese Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As China charges forward into modernity, the nation is confronted with major economic and social changes. China's one-child policy and economic growth, for example, have altered the values and attitudes of parents, thereby creating new challenges for Chinese teachers. In addition, nontraditional ways of thinking in China's youth have led to a…

Romanowski, Michael H.

2006-01-01

492

School Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes three current issues in school law, including school district suits over potentially carcinogenic asbestos insulation, a California judge's finding that captionless educational television discriminates against hearing-impaired students, and the federal government's attempt to keep the Fairfax (Virginia) school system from charging…

Splitt, David A.

1982-01-01

493

Charter Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document deals with the topic of the charter-school movement. Anne Turnbaugh Lockwood's article focuses on selected, key aspects of papers commissioned by the Comprehensive Center-Region VI from experts in the charter-school movement. It discusses the potential for enhanced teaching and learning in charter schools, management issues that can…

The Newsletter of the Comprehensive Center-Region VI, 2000

2000-01-01

494

A More Perfect Union: Building an Education System That Embraces All Children. The Report of the NASBE Study Group on the Changing Face of America's School Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph discusses the situation confronting education policymakers regarding growing student diversity. Many education policymakers are frustrated by the persistent achievement gap between white and nonwhite students, which is as wide or wider when it comes to top-performing students. Students are experiencing racial intolerance at school.…

National Association of State Boards of Education, Alexandria, VA.

495

"Advanced Classes? They're Only for White Kids": How One Kansas School Is Changing the Face of Honors and Advanced Placement Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to obtain an accurate picture of minority student enrollment in honors and advanced placement (AP) classes at Wichita (Kansas) High School East and to develop a plan of action to close the achievement gap between White and non-White students. Prior to this study there was no clear, concise data to move this discussion…

Kerr, Roberta

2014-01-01

496

Applying an On-Track Indicator for High School Graduation: Adapting the Consortium on Chicago School Research Indicator for Five Texas Districts. Issues & Answers. REL 2011-No. 100  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses a measure of the on-track or off-track status of students at the end of grade 9 as an indicator of whether students in five Texas districts would graduate from high school in four years. In all five districts, on-time graduation rates were higher for students who were on track at the end of grade 9 than for students who were off…

Hartman, Jenifer; Wilkins, Chuck; Gregory, Lois; Gould, Laura Feagans; D'Souza, Stephanie

2011-01-01

497

The Many Faces of Kevin Michael Pullen.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Many Faces of Kevin Michael Pullen is a case study intended to provide a basis for comprehensive discussions in counselor education courses at the graduate level and in inservice workshops for practicing secondary school counselors. Kevin is a young man, able to get through high school without developing his talents and skills. At the end of…

Gannon, Frederick B.

498

School Finance and the Conditions of Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problems relating to school environment and building concerns eat up school budgets and negatively influence the overall fiscal condition of school districts. The article examines three issues impacting on school finance for the 1990s: environmental hazards (asbestos, radon, lead, electromagnetic fields, and air quality), school infrastructure…

Ornstein, Allan C.

1994-01-01

499

School Attendance and District and School Size  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The size of schools and districts in which they are located has become a salient policy issue in recent years. While consolidation of school districts and expanding high school size were in vogue from the 1960s until recently, funding agencies are now sponsoring projects to reduce school size under the assumption that smaller schools will lead to…

Jones, John T.; Toma, Eugenia F.; Zimmer, Ron W.

2008-01-01

500

Legal and Financial Issues Associated with Providing Services in Schools to Children with Swallowing and Feeding Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This review of federal statutes and regulations, state and federal administrative and case law, and policy documents is designed to provide information regarding the treatment of children with swallowing and feeding disorders in the law for the purpose of identifying best practice procedures for school personnel serving children with…

Power-deFur, Lissa; Alley, Nancy S. N.

2008-01-01