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Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

Workforce Issues Facing HRD.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These four papers are from a symposium facilitated by Eugene Andette on work force issues facing human resources development (HRD) at the 1995 Academy of Human Resource Development conference. "Meaning Construction and Personal Transformation: Alternative Dimensions of Job Loss" (Terri A. Deems) reports a study conducted to explore the ways…

1995

2

Workforce Issues Facing HRD.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains four symposium papers on work force issues facing human resource development (HRD). "Contributing Factors to the Success of Women and People of Color in Leadership Roles: A Message to HRD Professionals" (Jean R. McFarland, Gary Leske, Caroline S. V. Turner) reports the results of a survey in which nonwhite males, nonwhite…

1999

3

Results of the ASCD/NCSS Social Issues Survey: Are the Issues Studied in School the Important Issues Facing Humankind?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to National Council for the Social Studies and the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development respondents, the issues deemed important--nuclear disarmament, pollution, worldwide wealth and poverty, and alternatives to the U.S. social-economic-political system--are not included in the social studies to the extent they should…

Molnar, Alex

1983-01-01

4

Getting My Bearings, Returning to School: Issues Facing Adolescents with Traumatic Brain Injury  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is characterized by a blow to the head or other penetrating head injury resulting in impairment of the brain's functioning. Despite the high incidence of TBI in adolescents, many educators still consider TBI to be a low-incidence disability. In addition, school personnel often report receiving little to no pre-service…

Schilling, Ethan J.; Getch, Yvette Q.

2012-01-01

5

Top 10 Ways To Improve Public Schools. Innovative Solutions To Help Address the Issues and Challenges Facing Most Public School Districts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report offers the top 10 challenges identified by public schools and the ways that the Texas School Performance Review (TSPR) suggests that these issues be addressed. The TSPR ensures that scarce education resources are spent in the classroom. For a TSPR review, the TSPR team is invited in for months of detailed study, during which it asks…

Texas State Comptroller of Public Accounts, Austin.

6

Ethics Issues Snare School Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on ethics issues involving school leaders. Some superintendents have landed in murky ethical waters for their ties to for-profit companies, highlighting the temptations administrators face as industry and education increasingly intersect. Some questionable judgments by superintendents--from accepting company-paid trips to…

Borja, Rhea R.

2005-01-01

7

There Are No Children Here: The Case of an Inner-City School Addressing Issues Facing Children and Families Living in Poverty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case is based on real-life experiences of community school members within Horner School--an inner-city public school. Specifically, the case explores challenges faced by Cathleen, a 1st-year, White, female principal, who was hired by central office to "revamp a charter school" to promote a quality education for all children. The case raises…

Sallee, Mariel; Boske, Christa

2013-01-01

8

Future Schools: Blending Face-to-Face and Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Hybrid schools" are schools that combine "face-to-face" education in a specific place with online instruction. In this article, the authors describe school models which offer a vision for what deeply integrated technology can mean for children's education, for the way schools are structured, and for the promise of greater efficiency amid a…

Schorr, Jonathan; McGriff, Deborah

2012-01-01

9

The Challenges Facing Comprehensive Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is an edited version of a talk written for delivery at a conference organized to celebrate 50 years of Kidbrooke Comprehensive School with the overall theme "The Comprehensive Ideal: Taking It Beyond the Individual School." Having honored the pioneering work at Kidbrooke, Clyde Chitty then takes a close look at three key issues: the…

Chitty, Clyde

2005-01-01

10

ETHICAL ISSUES FACING THE FOOD INDUSTRY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The array of ethical issues facing the food industry is extensive. It includes fair and just treatment to food industry employees, especially as disproportionate numbers of minorities take jobs in food processing and food service. Issues of food distribution and hunger continue to be important. In the calendar year 1992, however, these issues pale in comparison to those raised by

Paul B. Thompson

1993-01-01

11

Legal Issues in Charter Schooling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The most likely legal issues to arise concerning charter schools include teacher employment and qualification issues, liability concerns, special-needs student issues, due process, religious issues, and contract rules. School leaders can head off problems by clarifying who is in charge, spelling out the mission statement, and dealing up front with…

Semple, Martin

1995-01-01

12

Critical Issues Facing the Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Resulting from a 2-day conference held to discuss the most critical issues facing community colleges, this paper provides summaries of the participants' conclusions regarding finance, access, quality, and technology. The first section reviews the relationship between mission and finance, asserting that proper institutional support includes moving…

Koltai, Leslie; Wolf, David B.

13

Top 10 Issues Facing Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines 10 problems of teacher education and strategies to address them. Issues include negative perceptions of public schools, lack of educational foundations, unclear notions of teacher scholarship, student prior knowledge and experience, lack of attention to diversity, inadequate field experiences, student immaturity, college "turf battles,"…

Marchant, Gregory J.; Griffin, Gary

1997-01-01

14

Eye and Face Protection in School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Choosing what eye and face protection to provide for the high school science laboratory is often a challenge. Science teachers and school administrators may not fully understand the relevant safety regulations and standards or be able to correctly identify the various types of eye protection devices. Although some schools have received training…

Kaufman, Jim

2006-01-01

15

Issues Facing Pharmacy Leaders in 2013  

PubMed Central

The Director’s Forum provides directors of pharmacy practical ways to develop patient-centered pharmacy services. Pharmacy directors must understand the key issues facing their departments and incorporate strategies for these issues as part of their strategic planning process. Health care reform and the Affordable Care Act require that departments operate efficiently and closely monitor their drug expense. The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists’ Pharmacy Practice Model Initiative will serve as a valuable resource during 2013 to enhance the pharmacy practice model. By using their health care workforce, particularly pharmacy technicians, in an innovative way, pharmacy directors will allow the pharmacists to increase their clinical activity. By promoting the role of the hospital pharmacist to patients, directors will help to improve patients’ understanding of their medications and increase their satisfaction with their care. Finally by changing the activities of pharmacy students in practice models, the patient care role of the pharmacist can be expanded. Through a greater understanding of the issues facing them and their effect on the operations of the pharmacy, pharmacy directors will learn effective ways to develop patient-centered pharmacy services.

O'Connor, Michael; Weber, Robert J.

2013-01-01

16

School Choice. Trends and Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document examines many of the issues surrounding school choice. It summarizes the prevalence of school choice and touches on elements of the debate, such as the dilemma in finding the right balance between individual/family freedom and the interests of the community. In looking at school-choice options, the paper divides them into…

Hadderman, Margaret, Comp.

17

Some Challenges Facing Queer Youth Programs in Urban High Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relatively little is known about the unique challenges facing queer youth programs such as Project 10 and Gay-Straight Alliances, housed in urban high schools where the majority of students are poor, non-White, and\\/or non-native English speakers. This article begins a conversation about two important issues that the author believes have an impact on queer youth programs in urban schools: racial

Lance Trevor McCready

2003-01-01

18

Charter Schools' Discipline Policies Face Scrutiny  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the number of charter schools continues to grow, one facet of their autonomy--the ability to set and enforce independent disciplinary standards--has raised difficult questions about whether those schools are pushing out students who pose behavior or academic challenges and how their policies affect regular public schools. Research on the issue

Zubrzycki, Jaclyn; Cavanagh, Sean; McNeil, Michele

2013-01-01

19

Legal Issues Surrounding Safe Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook provides an overview of legal issues pertaining to the safety of public schools. Following the introduction, chapter 2 describes the governance model and philosophy on which American education is based. Court decisions and federal and state legislation that mandate the right to a safe school are discussed in chapter 3. The fourth…

Day, Reed B.

20

Schools Facing the Expiration of Windows XP  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Microsoft's plans to end support for Windows XP, believed to be the dominant computer operating system in K-12 education, could pose big technological and financial challenges for districts nationwide--issues that many school systems have yet to confront. The giant software company has made it clear for years that it plans to stop supporting XP…

Cavanagh, Sean

2013-01-01

21

Organic wheat farming in Australia: issues farmers face  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organic wheat farmers in Australia face a number of unique challenges, and an in-depth understanding of these challenges is an important first step for government agencies, universities and other groups interested in promoting organic agriculture. This research was designed to develop a qualitative understanding of the biggest transition, cultivation, market and other issues faced by organic wheat farmers in Australia.

Todd Birzer; Warwick Badgery

2006-01-01

22

How to Teach Controversial Constitutional Issues Facing Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains that teaching the historical context of women's legal issues allows future voters to make informed decisions. Suggests ways of including the Equal Rights Amendment, sexual harassment, sexual discrimination, and abortion in the high school curriculum. Recommends several anthologies of primary materials for teaching these issues. (LS)

Berry, Mary Frances

1988-01-01

23

Charter Schools. Trends and Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document looks at the increasing popularity of charter schools for intradistrict school choice. During 2000, about 1,700 charter schools were serving some 250,000 students in the United States. Charter schools typically begin as preexisting schools or as "startups" born with charters. States seem to have ambivalent attitudes toward charter…

Hadderman, Margaret

24

Attitudes of Middle School Students: Learning Online Compared to Face to Face  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education in an online setting is an increasingly popular method of instruction. Previous studies comparing college or high school student performance in online and face-to-face courses found, in most cases, similar achievement between conditions. However, research is lacking regarding middle school students' academic performance and attitudes…

Edwards, Clayton; Rule, Audrey

2013-01-01

25

Contract Schools. Trends and Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines contract schools and their influence on U.S. education. Schools that are contracted out may be viewed as a privatization development that both parallels and builds upon the charter-school movement. They can be defined as publicly funded schools operated by an independent group of teachers and administrators under a contract…

Hadderman, Margaret

26

Magnet Schools. Trends and Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes magnet schools as thematic islands of choice within a traditional district-assignment plan. These "islands of choice" are currently the most popular destination with those who exercise some choice in where they send their children to school. During the 1991-92 school year, 3,200 magnet schools were in operation, hosting some…

Hadderman, Margaret

27

Review of Issues Facing Congress. News from Capitol Hill.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses various topics that have faced the 107th U.S. Congress, such as tax cuts, judicial appointments, domestic issues, patients' bill of rights, stem cell research, election law, and campaign finance reform. Includes information on U.S. Senate and federal judicial appointments. Provides ideas for student learning activities. (CMK)

Heinz, Ann Simeo

2001-01-01

28

Civil Rights Issues Facing Arab Americans in Michigan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is a summary statement of the Michigan Advisory Committee's study on civil rights issues facing Arab American communities in Michigan. It is based on information received by the Committee at a community forum held in Dearborn, Michigan, in 1999. Six sections focus on: (1) "Introduction," including Arab American demographics in Wayne…

Michigan State Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.

29

Civil Rights Issues Facing Asian Americans in the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1989, the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights held a series of roundtable conferences to learn about the civil rights concerns of Asian Americans within their communities. Using information gathered at these conferences as a point of departure, the Commission undertook this study of the wide-ranging civil rights issues facing Asian Americans in the…

Chun, Ki-Taek; Zalokar, Nadja

30

Controversial Issues in Our Schools. Fastback 146.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is virtually nothing taught in the American public school that is not potentially explosive at some time or place. America's cultural makeup provides for the development of controversy whenever such issues as sex, religion, politics, and economics are raised, and particularly when they are raised in the school environment. School

Goldstein, William

31

Schools Wrestle with Issue of Armed Guards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the March 21, 2005, shootings at Red Lake High School that brought to light an issue of whether school security personnel should be armed. Among the what-ifs being asked after the shootings at Red Lake High is one with uncomfortable implications for many school leaders: What if the two security guards posted near the…

Trotter, Andrew

2005-01-01

32

Religion and the Schools: Emerging Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication offers a brief review of religion and school issues that emerged in U.S. courts in 1999. Included are prayer in public schools; teacher's free exercise rights limited by establishment clause; impermissible student lessons and activities; teaching of evolution/creation science; volunteer clergy counselors in the schools; aid to…

Worona, Jay

33

Accountability Issues in School Violence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines various reasons that would account for school violence and considers ways educators can help eliminate violence from schools. The negative impact of violence in the media and easy access to guns are mentioned as probable causes of violence in youth. Students who do not feel part of the school community often resort to violence…

Al-Bataineh, Adel T.

34

Alternative Schools. Trends and Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines so-called "alternative schools," taking care to define precisely what is meant by this designation. There are many types of alternative education available to the public, including those programs intended for special-education students, advanced-placement students, and home-schooled children. The first alternative schools

Hadderman, Margaret

35

Facing the Issues: Challenges, Censorship, and Reflection through Dialogue  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ReLeah Cossett Lent provides practical advice for ensuring that books are kept on shelves and in classrooms for students to read. She outlines steps for creating professional learning communities that engage with censorship issues and prepare schools to deal with book challenges in thoughtful, supportive ways. (Contains 4 figures.)

Lent, ReLeah Cossett

2008-01-01

36

School Finance Reform. At Issue  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Californians are very concerned about funding for their K-12 public schools. They consistently say that K-12 education should be protected from spending cuts over and above any other area of the state budget. California's system of school finance is in trouble. Many studies have found it to be inequitable, with wide variation in per-pupil funding.…

Weston, Margaret

2010-01-01

37

Feature Issue on Inclusion and School Restructuring.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This feature issue on inclusion and school restructuring for students with and without disabilities contains the following articles: (1) "The 7 Habits for Educators" (Terri Vandercook); (2) "The Evolution of Inclusive Education" (Jennifer York-Barr and Terri Vandercook); (3) "Creating Inclusive Schools: What Does the Research Say?" (Margaret J.…

Vandercook, Terri; York-Barr, Jennifer

1996-01-01

38

Employment Basics. School Management Advisor, Issue 22.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document begins a series of issues on employment and dismissal matters of interest to school administrators in North Carolina. It addresses some of the more basic employment concepts, first describing the legal requirements in the state. In North Carolina, local school boards' authority to hire employees is contained in a variety of statutes.…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh.

39

"Street Schools" Face Hard Road to Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses how a growing network of Christian alternative schools--some nearly as vulnerable as the children they serve--is bent on getting troubled students back on track. Denver Street School expects a lot of its teachers, but does not pay them much, as it tries to turn around the lives of troubled students seeking a second, or even…

Robelen, Erik W.

2007-01-01

40

Charter Schools: The Smiling Face of Disinvestment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the rosy image projected by child-centered reformers, zealots and profiteers are really driving the charter school movement. Charter schools cannot flourish without drastic wage reductions or huge spending increases, nor will they benefit America's poorest children. The market, which has already destroyed kids' neighborhoods and parents'…

Molnar, Alex

1996-01-01

41

The New Face of School Desegregation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes how the Latino identity has been socially constructed inside ever-changing concepts of race and ethnicity and within the black-white binary, reviewing the history of Latino school segregation and resistance to that segregation through litigation; examining the contemporary framework for school desegregation; and proposing various measures…

Bowman, Kristi L.

2001-01-01

42

Districts Face Painful Cuts as School Year Begins  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As students around the country begin the 2011-2012 school year, many of them will be returning to districts that have been forced to restructure their operations in the face of budget cuts. Leaders of those school systems have sought to avoid cuts that they believe would weaken instruction. But they also believe the reductions will put a strain on…

Cavanagh, Sean

2011-01-01

43

Selected Legal Issues in Catholic Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines legal issues that affect Catholic high schools. Chapter 1 discusses sources of the law and how fairness and due process, federal and state statutes, and various guidelines shape the law. Tort law, corporal punishment, search and seizure, defamation of character, and negligence are covered in chapter 2. Chapter 3 details issues

Shaughnessy, Mary Angela

44

The Nuclear Issue and the School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates Italian high school and college students' awareness of the risks connected with both the civilian and military uses of nuclear energy. Summarizes some findings of this analysis and concludes that the education regarding nuclear issues does not meet current needs. Provides a questionnaire on nuclear issues. (YP)

Conforto, A. M.; And Others

1989-01-01

45

School Reform. Trends and Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses some of the various school-reform strategies that have been implemented since the publication of A Nation at Risk. It opens with an examination of standards-based accountability and some of the concerns and objections surrounding this movement. It asks whether standards are achieving their purpose, looks at the role of state…

Coffey, Elizabeth; Lashway, Larry

46

Special Issue Topic: School Choice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes "The Choice Movement" (Brogan); "Choice in American Education" (Witte); "Role of Parents in Education" (Mawdsley); "As Arrows in the Hand" (Coons); "Vouchers in Wisconsin" (Underwood); "Milwaukee Parental Choice Program (MPCP)" (Grover); "Civil Liberties and the MPCP" (Bolick); "Comments on School Choice" (Jauch); "Two Classes of…

Brogan, Bernard R.; And Others

1991-01-01

47

The nuclear issue in Swedish schools.  

PubMed

Sweden is almost unique in that its government through its foreign office gave financial support to a carefully thought out proposal from Svenska Läkare Mot Kärnvapen (Swedish Physicians against Nuclear Weapons) for a youth education project on the nuclear issue. The Swedish Board of Education has agreed to provide: 1. In-service training for teachers on current affairs; 2. Up-to-date teaching resources and materials, such as the booklet, Facts and Reflections on Nuclear Weapons; 3. A curriculum stating that education on nuclear and other environment issues should not be a special subject but should be involved in many school activities-for example the learning of foreign languages, biology, physics, science and even physical education. The Board's recommendations have been sent to every Swedish school, together with the booklet, but each school decides for itself whether or not to implement them. However, some teachers do some education on the nuclear issue in most Swedish schools. PMID:1406466

Bergström, A

1992-01-01

48

Ethical & Legal Issues in School Counseling. Chapter 6: Special Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains chapter 6 (5 articles) of a collection of 35 articles primarily from American Association for Counseling and Development (AACD) publications on the most important legal and ethical topics about which all school counselors need to be informed. "Ethical Issues Involved With the Use of Computer-Assisted Counseling, Testing, and…

Sampson, James P., Jr.; And Others

49

Afterschool: An Ally in Promoting Middle School Improvement. MetLife Foundation Afterschool Alert. Issue Brief No. 55  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Afterschool Alliance, in partnership with MetLife Foundation, is proud to present the first in its latest series of four issue briefs examining critical issues facing middle school youth and the vital role afterschool programs play in addressing these issues. This brief explores afterschool and school improvement. In communities across the…

Afterschool Alliance, 2012

2012-01-01

50

Pedagogical incongruences facing international science teachers when they immigrate to teach in United States high schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Problem. Teacher shortages exist in certain disciplines in United States high schools. Foreign teachers are being invited into the United States to alleviate shortages in such critical areas as mathematics and science. It is generally admitted that new teacher induction process can be difficult. Veteran teachers working in new locations face similar induction difficulties. However, there has been little or no research, which illuminate the issues that international teachers face when they immigrate to work in United States high schools. This study investigated the issues international teachers encounter when they come to teach science in United States high schools. Methods. Qualitative methods were employed to gather and analyze the data. Four participants for the study were selected using purposeful sampling. In-depth, semi-structured interviews of four international teachers produced the main source of data, which was coded, and themes were generated for discussion. This study was complemented by radical empiricism, which provided the context for the main study. Teaching-related artifacts were used to buttress the study, and assertions were made in response to the research questions. Results and discussion. On entering the United States of America, the participating international teachers faced a variety of initial problems. Such problems, although were not classroom-related, did have an impact on their effectiveness in the classroom. The teachers also faced pedagogy-related issues, which were categorized into themes. The themes or issues identified were "pedagogical gaps" and "pedagogical shifts." "Pedagogical gaps," as a theme, was divided into sub-themes, which dealt with the identified differences in school systems, assessment and philosophical issues, communication issues, textbook issues, teaching methods and related issues, teacher-student relations, and teacher-parent relations. "Pedagogical shift" was identified as a fundamental need for the international teacher to learn, in order to function effectively in their United States of America schools. In discussing the various themes, it became possible to make certain assertions, the primary one being that international science teachers face certain pedagogical incongruities when they immigrate to teach in United States high schools.

Hutchison, Charles Bartels

51

Religious Diversity in Schools: Addressing the Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The vignettes presented in this article indicate that today's schools are made up of diverse groups of students including those from a variety of religious and spiritual backgrounds. Students feel safe and are better able to learn when issues of diversity are handled with sensitivity. This article provides guidelines and strategies for helping…

Whittaker, Catharine R.; Salend, Spencer; Elhoweris, Hala

2009-01-01

52

Pediatric renal transplantation: back to school issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

URRENT patient and graft survival rates in pediatric renal transplant recipients are excellent. This is due to a number of factors including overcoming technical chal- lenges in young children and effective immunosuppression. As a result, quality of life issues such as optimization of school performance must be addressed because this re- mains a fundamental responsibility of the pediatrician. This report

I. D. Davis

1999-01-01

53

Children with Cancer: School Related Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School gives purpose to a student's life. Today, students with cancer and cancer survivors are encouraged to continue their educational experiences to maintain a sense of normalcy. This manuscript discusses the research findings on medical, physical, and cognitive issues that students with cancer and cancer survivors may encounter in their…

Gartin, Barbara C.; Murdick, Nikki L.

2009-01-01

54

School Experience and the Issue of Gender  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study used an interpretive paradigm to understand the world of the student teacher through their own experience. The purpose of the study was to investigate whether there were any areas of concern involving gender issues that manifested themselves during their school experience (SE). A sample of students was interviewed following their last SE. These students were in their last

Anthony Laker; Julia Craig Laker; Susan Lea

2003-01-01

55

School House Hype: School Shootings and the Real Risks Kids Face in America. Policy Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines risks that children and youth face in America's schools to determine whether there is a trend toward increasing violent school deaths in America and noting the overall incidence of crime, particularly homicides, inside versus outside of the schools. Data come from the Department of Education, Department of Justice, FBI,…

Donohue, Elizabeth; Schiraldi, Vincent; Ziedenberg, Jason

56

School Health Nursing Services: Exploring National Issues and Priorities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 1994 conference explored national issues and priorities related to school health nursing, identifying seven critical issues and related actions. Several papers discuss school nurse perspectives, federal agency efforts, issues, and priority actions. An annotated bibliography and information on National Nursing Coalition for School Health are…

Journal of School Health, 1995

1995-01-01

57

77 FR 64462 - Conference on International Trade Issues Facing U.S. Machinery Manufacturing Industries  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...International Trade Issues Facing U.S. Machinery Manufacturing Industries AGENCY: Manufacturing and Services, International Trade Administration...trade issues impacting the U.S. machinery manufacturing industries, with emphasis on tariff...

2012-10-22

58

International and domestic regulator issues facing the Canadian MSAT system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

International and domestic regulatory issues which affect the implementation of a mobile satellite system (MSAT) over North America are addressed. WARC-MOB-87, MSAT frequency co-ordination, frequency sharing and key Canadian domestic issues are discussed.

Bahman, Azarbar; Langlois, Jacques R.; Frank, Christopher J.

1988-01-01

59

Enhancing a Face-to-Face Course with Online Lectures: Instructional and Pedagogical Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1999, and as part of an Ameritech grant, the author has systematically investigated use of streaming media to enhance face-to-face classes. Technology invites experimentation but raises questions about such things as student acceptance, student use, academic performance, and what to do with class time when lectures are put online. Students…

Keefe, Thomas

60

Teenage Pregnancy: Issues and Strategies for School Counselors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many school administrators view teenage pregnancy as a top problems facing their school systems. Programs designed to reduce the teenage pregnancy rate must address multiple factors connected with teenage pregnancy. School-based clinic programs provide comprehensive primary health care for low income youth, require parental consent, provide mental…

Rolle, George E.; And Others

61

Afterschool: A Strategy for Addressing and Preventing Middle School Bullying. MetLife Foundation Afterschool Alert. Issue Brief No. 51  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Afterschool Alliance, in partnership with MetLife Foundation, is proud to present the second in a series of four issue briefs examining critical issues facing middle school youth and the vital role afterschool programs play in addressing these issues. This brief focuses on bullying awareness and prevention. Bullying is a dangerous behavior…

Afterschool Alliance, 2011

2011-01-01

62

Assessment of Issues Facing Immigrant and Refugee Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article identifies the different problems immigrants and refugees face in the United States, especially socioeconomic and psychosocial concerns that often relate to the experience of migration. Traditional familial roles and responsibilities are frequently challenged, exacerbated by sociocultural differences and inadequate understandings…

Segal, Uma A.; Mayadas, Nazneen S.

2005-01-01

63

Housing Issues and Realities Facing Grandparent Caregivers Who Are Renters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: This study determined the prevalence of grandparents raising grandchildren who are living in rental housing and explored the sociodemographic characteristics and challenges faced by such renters. Design and Methods: Data were obtained from the Census 2000 Supplementary Survey, a nationally representative survey of 700,000 households with a response rate of 96.8%. Frequencies and bivariate analyses were focused on the

Esme Fuller-Thomson; Meredith Minkler

64

Great Decisions 1990: Foreign Policy Issues Facing the Nation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1990 Great Decisions program, part of an annual series on foreign policy issues, is intended to create better better public understanding through information and analyses of important international issues. Current information is presented so that participants may be stimulated toward discussion, form opinions and contribute to the policy…

Hoepli, Nancy L., Ed.

65

Selected Issues Facing U.S. Graduate Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three issues are discussed that relate to (1) the need for the United States to become more technologically competitive and more daring in ways to produce, nurture and encourage high quality research and (2) the state of the talent pool that must produce the scientists, mathematicians and engineers to do this research. The first issue concerns…

Neal, Homer A.

66

Some of the Critical Issues in Introducing Computer Technology into Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses some of the significant issues that school districts, superintendents, principals, board members, and faculty will have to face in the acquisition and implementation of educational hardware and software. Strengths and weaknesses of various computer configurations are presented and it is suggested that the use of professional…

Heuston, Dustin H.

67

Internet versus face-to-face therapy: emotional self-disclosure issues for young adults.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to compare differences in emotional self-disclosure between young adult Internet users who prefer face-to-face therapy to those who prefer Internet therapy. A convenience sample of 328 was recruited from Facebook to complete an online survey. A total of 263 preferred face-to-face therapy (F2FT) while 65 preferred Internet therapy (IT). Significant differences were found with the F2FT group willing to disclose emotions of depression, jealously, anxiety, and fear to a therapist more frequently than the IT group. The majority reported a preference for F2FT over IT. Recommendations for future professional practice and research are included. PMID:19742368

Rogers, Vickie L; Griffin, Mary Quinn; Wykle, May L; Fitzpatrick, Joyce J

2009-10-01

68

Compilation of Human Resource Issues Facing the Federal Government Manager.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The intended purpose of this report is to introduce several prevalent human resource issues to the Federal Government manager. Backgrounds, problem statements, facts and supporting statistics, as well as, possible solutions and conclusions will give the m...

S. Haas

1990-01-01

69

Turbulent Times: Four Issues Facing Liberal Arts Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Liberal arts colleges occupy a unique place in the landscape of higher education. Whether defined, as David Breneman has, as an exclusive group of about 200 schools that award a large percentage of their degrees in traditional liberal arts fields, or as a more inclusive group of baccalaureate institutions, liberal arts colleges focus on…

Stimpert, J. L.

2004-01-01

70

Issues Facing Academic Libraries in the 1980's.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Observations of the Director of Libraries at Clarion State College, Pennsylvania, are presented on issues confronting academic libraries in the 1980's in two categories: constant or diminishing financial support, and increasing patron demand for services. Library materials and operating budgets, interlibrary cooperation, resource sharing,…

McCabe, Gerard B.

71

Great Decisions 1989. Foreign Policy Issues Facing the Nation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This briefing book provides the only material needed to participate in the 1989 Great Decisions national non-partisan program of volunteer run discussions on U.S. foreign policy issues for classrooms and community groups. Everyone who participates in the program is invited to fill out the opinion ballots provided in the back of the book; the…

Hoepli, Nancy L., Ed.

72

Understanding Family Literacy: Conceptual Issues Facing the Field.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The prevailing issues in the development of family literacy were reviewed, and assumptions about families, family support, and learning upon which the concept is being developed were examined. A total of 173 studies on the following topics were reviewed: parent-child relationships and reading, parent-child early reading, parent/family beliefs and…

Gadsden, Vivian L.

73

High heat flux issues for plasma-facing components in fusion reactors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Plasma facing components in tokamak fusion reactors are faced with a number of difficult high heat flux issues. These components include: first wall armor tiles, pumped limiters, diverter plates, rf antennae structure, and diagnostic probes. Peak heat fluxes are 15 - 30 MW\\/m2 for diverter plates, which will operate for 100 - 1000 seconds in future tokamaks. Disruption heat fluxes

Robert D. Watson

1993-01-01

74

Policy issues facing the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and prospects for the future  

SciTech Connect

This report is divided into the following 5 sections: (1) Background; (2) Major Issues Facing Ratification of CTBT; (3) Current Status on CTBT Ratification; (4) Status of CTBT Signatories and Ratifiers; and (5) CTBT Activities Not Prohibited. The major issues facing ratification of CTBT discussed here are: impact on CTBT of START II and ABM ratification; impact of India and Pakistan nuclear tests; CTBT entry into force; and establishment of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Organization.

Sweeney, J.

1999-04-01

75

Selected Trends and Issues in Rural Education and Small Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural America and its schools (which encompass nearly two-thirds of the 15,600 school districts in the United States) face an incredible array of challenges. Changes in demographic, economic, and social conditions are creating a new rural America which is beset by many problems. Rural poverty does not appear to be diminishing and researchers…

Rios, Betty Rose D.

76

Gangs and Victimization at School. Education Policy Issues: Statistical Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue brief looks at the relationship between gang presence in schools and students' reports of victimization and fear. There is limited data about the causes of either juvenile street violence or school-related crime. Data collected in 1989 and 1993 reveal: (1) minority students living in urban areas are not the only ones who attend schools

Ralph, John H.; And Others

77

Management and Leadership Issues for School Building Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School principals are confronted with a variety of issues as they provide leadership and organization to their schools. Evidence is growing that successful school leaders influence achievement through the support and development of effective teachers and the implementation of effective organizational practice (Davis, Darling-Hammond, LaPointe,…

Tobin, James

2014-01-01

78

Teacher Evaluation Practices in Malaysian Primary Schools: Issues and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a qualitative case study that investigated the underlying issues in implementing school-based teacher evaluation practices in four Malaysian primary schools. The participants of the study comprised eight school administrators and sixteen teachers. Data obtained through interviews, observations, and document reviews were…

Malakolunthu, Suseela; Vasudevan, Vasundhara

2012-01-01

79

School-To-Work: Opportunity or Barrier? ASPIRA Issue Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the issues associated with school-to-work programs being developed in the U.S. and provides recommendations designed to facilitate the process of developing a national school-to-work initiative. It stresses the nation's increasing need for better-educated workers but notes the low rate (less than 50 percent) of high school

Mireles, Christina; Ramirez, Elizabeth Weiser

80

School Psychologists' Consideration of Hispanic Cultural Issues During Consultation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to assess anonymously the perceptions of school psychologists toward the consideration of cultural issues in the delivery of school consultation services to Hispanics. The study is based on a mail-survey of 1000 members of the National Association of School Psychology (NASP), with a return rate of 36% (30% usable).…

Ramirez, Sylvia Z.; Alghorani, Mohammed Adnan

2004-01-01

81

Teaching controversial issues in the secondary school science classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A sample of fourteen secondary school biology teachers chosen from twelve schools were interviewed. The purpose was to determine their views on how controversial issues in science might be handled in the secondary school science classroom and whether the issues of surrogacy and human embryo experimentation were suitable controversial issues for discussion in schools. In general, teachers indicated that controversial issues deserve a more prominent place in the science curriculum because they have the potential to foster thinking, learning, and interest in science. The issues of surrogacy and human embryo experimentation were seen as appropriate contexts for learning, provided that teachers were well informed and sensitive to both the students and to the school environment.

van Rooy, Wilhelmina

1993-12-01

82

Somerville Charter School: Management Issues and Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Somerville Charter School was among 24 Massachusetts charter schools included in a study undertaken by the Office of the Inspector General in March 1998. The office identified weaknesses in the contracting practices, procurement procedures, and financial management of some schools, including Somerville. These weaknesses could undermine the…

Massachusetts State Office of the Inspector General, Boston.

83

Annotated Bibliography on School Finance: Policy and Political Issues; Federal Government; State Issues; Non-Public Schools; Accountability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Limited to periodical literature, this annotated bibliography on school finance contains 81 references grouped in 5 categories: (1) policy and politica issues, (2) federal government, (3) state issues, (4) aid to nonpublic schools, and (5) accountability. Following the bibliographic citations, annotations range from 4 to 15 lines and conclude by…

Gipson, Joella

84

Civil Rights Issues Facing the Blind and Visually Impaired in Illinois.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the result of a conference that examined major civil rights issues facing people who are blind and visually impaired in Illinois and is intended to inform the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights concerning issues of equal protection. The introductory chapter reviews leading types and causes of blindness and visual impairment, incidence…

Illinois State Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Springfield.

85

Performance Testing: Issues Facing Vocational Education. Research and Development Series No. 190.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addressing issues facing vocational education on the topic of performance testing, this handbook consists of a collection of seventeen commissioned papers and reactions to the papers. Two papers are presented on each of the following types of issues that must be considered before a performance test can be constructed: philosophical, technical,…

Spirer, Janet E., Ed.

86

Recreating America's Community Colleges: Critical Policy Issues Facing America's Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the conduct of the 2004 Community Colleges Futures Assembly, sponsored by the University of Florida, delegates to the meeting identified three critical policy issues facing America's community colleges and challenged the delegates attending the 2005 Assembly to debate these issues and make recommendations. A total of 252 higher-education…

Honeyman, David S.; Sullivan, Michael D.

2006-01-01

87

Is Isolation a Problem? Issues Faced by Rural Libraries and Rural Library Staff in South Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research was to investigate current issues faced by public library staff in rural South Australia and to examine some of the reasons why people choose to work in rural libraries. The study took a mixed methods approach, combining interviews and questionnaires to gain a fuller understanding of the issues and experiences of rural…

Haines, Rebecca; Calvert, Philip J.

2009-01-01

88

Secondary school students' interests, attitudes and values concerning school science related to environmental issues in Finland  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the relationship between students' interests in environmental issues, attitudes to environmental responsibility and biocentric values in school science education. The factors were investigated within the framework of three moderators: gender, school and residential area of the school. The survey was carried out using the international ROSE questionnaire with ninth?grade students (N = 3626) from 68 schools. Likert?type

Anna Uitto; Kalle Juuti; Jari Lavonen; Reijo Byman; Veijo Meisalo

2011-01-01

89

Funding Comprehensive School Reform. Rand Issue Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comprehensive school reform is a type of reform process directed at primary and secondary education that relies on the simultaneous change of all elements of a school's operating environment aligned with a central, guiding vision. This new approach was developed in response to the growing dissatisfaction with the traditional piecemeal reform,…

Keltner, Brent R.

90

Teen Pregnancy: An Issue for Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teenage pregnancy rate in the United States is one of the highest in the western world. School administrators rank it as one of their top ten problems. Presents a statistical overview of the problem and the approaches schools are taking to combat teenage pregnancy. The most successful programs have broad community, parental, and student…

Kenney, Asta M.

1987-01-01

91

Critical Issue: Monitoring the School Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses monitoring the school literacy program. Teachers make many educational decisions about how reading and writing should be taught in the classroom. Some teachers makes these decisions intuitively, but a systematic process of monitoring is more effective. When teachers monitor the school's literacy program, they track the reading…

Johnson, Debra; Foertsch, Mary

92

Personnel Issues and the Catholic School Administrator.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook provides personnel policy guidance in several areas for administrators of Catholic schools. Chapter 1, "Policies and Practices of Governance and Accountability," by M. Lourdes Sheehan, considers governance under the four typical organizational structures of Catholic schools--parish, interparish, diocesan, and private--and notes that…

O'Brien, J. Stephen, Ed.; McBrien, Margaret, Ed.

93

Starting from Scratch: Political and Organizational Challenges Facing Charter Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Charter schools are publicly funded schools of choice operating free of state regulation and independent of local school districts. Twenty-nine states have enacted laws establishing charter schools since 1991. Nationwide, an estimated 700 charter schools have opened their doors and hundreds more are planned This study examines the organizational and political obstacles encountered by \\

Tom Loveless; Claudia Jasin

1998-01-01

94

The Top 10 Issues Impacting School Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the top challenges commonly confronted nationwide by school districts districts, facilities, and business. Challenges include construction and repair, enrollment, funding, security and safety, technology, maintenance, staff training and retention, and unfunded mandates. (GR)

Kennedy, Mike

2001-01-01

95

Legal Issues in School Accountability Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extrapolates from existing case law on educational testing to the likely ways in which school accountability systems may be challenged in the courts. Also offers a list of recommended actions for accountability system developers. (SLD)

Parkes, Jay; Stevens, Joseph J.

2003-01-01

96

This Issue: Correlates of a Defective School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes correlates of defective schools: perks for very few; faulty communication; adult-centered programs; special interest group indulgence; poor professional relationships; personnel warehousing; incompetent consultants; literal interpretation of technicalities; imperial leadership; intimate relationships among personnel; incoherent…

Gilman, David Alan

1992-01-01

97

Issues in implementing school nutrition policies.  

PubMed

The implementation of school nutrition policies poses a challenge to dietitians as they work with schools to increase the availability of nutritious foods. An analysis of the implementation of the Food and Nutrition Policy for New Brunswick Schools, proclaimed by the department of education in 1991, revealed four factors that influenced implementation: selling food for profit, student choice, interpretation of the policy, and the approach to implementation. From 1997 to 1999, data were obtained from 50 participants at the provincial, district, and school levels through semi-structured interviews; supporting evidence was obtained through a review of pertinent documents. The policy goal was to develop good eating habits among schoolchildren. The policy objective to have all food services follow national guidelines for healthy eating was so controversial that implementation was inconsistent and had little impact on school foods. Opponents objected when the sale of certain foods was curtailed, felt the policy limited student choice, were unsure how to interpret it, and resented the department's top-down approach. Dietitians, who had minimal involvement with the New Brunswick policy, need to consider carefully how to work with educational agencies to combine support and pressure to foster the capacity and willingness of schools to implement nutrition policies. PMID:14675502

McKenna, Mary L

2003-01-01

98

Holistic face processing among school children, younger and older adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

While previous studies have mostly examined holistic face processing in childhood and young adulthood, the present study investigated developmental changes of holistic face processing under a lifespan perspective, including older adulthood. Children 5–7 and 9–10 years of age, as well as young and older adults were instructed to assign faces into two categories. The categories were constructed to allow either

Gudrun Schwarzer; Melanie Kretzer; Daniela Wimmer; Bianca Jovanovic

2010-01-01

99

Ensuring Safe School Environments: Exploring Issues--Seeking Solutions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents research findings and information about school violence, with a focus on strategies for increasing school safety. Articles in the book come from a special edition of the journal Rural Special Education Quarterly, a publication of the American Council on Rural Special Education. The articles have been rewritten to address issues

Fishbaugh, Mary Susan E., Ed.; Berkeley, Terry R., Ed.; Schroth, Gwen, Ed.

100

The Hard Truth: Problems and Issues in Urban School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Hard Truth" is a book written for principals and school administrators who want to implement effective change. The topics of the book candidly discuss the problems, people, and issues that get in the way of true school reform; and what building level principals can personally do attain the best possible outcomes.

Yisrael, Sean

2012-01-01

101

Research on Social Issues in Elementary School Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The social and cultural norms children learn in schools can have a powerful effect on a variety of lifestyle decisions that will affect their physical and mental health. In this article we examine research on social issues in elementary school physical education. We provide an overview of how teachers' actions and behaviors affect what children…

Solmon, Melinda A.; Lee, Amelia M.

2008-01-01

102

Records of Achievement in Primary Schools: Some Emerging Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports findings of University of Bristol's Primary Records of Achievement Project. Discusses strategies for developing primary school records of achievement (ROAs), examining four examples of how local education authorities (LEAs) have implemented ROAs in primary schools in England. Presents six substantive issues emerging from research on…

Broadfoot, Patricia; Grant, Mary

1990-01-01

103

Suicide Prevention in Schools. A Center Policy Issues Analysis Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policy makers remain in conflict over whether schools should play a institutionalized role in preventing student suicide. This brief highlights two other major related questions that are at issue: (1) Does suicide education stigmatize some students and increase that risk of suicide ideation? and (2) Should schools be involved in monitoring…

Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA, 2007

2007-01-01

104

Secondary Schools: A Reference Handbook. Contemporary Education Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book attempts to serve as a compendium and a chronology of secondary education in the United States, taking a broad rather than a narrow approach and touching on a great many topics and issues. Chapters 1 and 2 present a history of secondary schools and a discussion of adolescence. Chapter 3 discusses curriculum in secondary schools,…

Villaverde, Leila E.

105

School-to-Work Transition Issues and Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report, which is part of a series, contains four papers concerning school-to-work transition issues and models. The first paper, "Secondary Special Education and Transition from School to Work" (F. Rusch and L. A. Phelps) reviews the economic, educational, and community adjustment difficulties of youth with handicaps in the context of…

Chadsey-Rusch, Janis; And Others

106

Financing Rural and Small Schools: Issues of Adequacy and Equity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph investigates issues related to the financial support of rural schools. The first section describes various state formulas and the methods used to distribute funds to rural schools. It considers questions about the adequacy of funding adjustments based on sparsity and the relationship of such adjustments to equal educational…

Honeyman, David S.; And Others

107

Testing Programs in Schools: What's New? A Special Issue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special issue of "Catalyst", entitled Testing Programs in Schools: What's New?, was published jointly by the Nebraska Council of School Administrators and the Nebraska Association for Supervision and Curriculum. The articles emphasize desirability of designing testing programs to meet the information needs of educators and the community.…

Walter, L. James; And Others

1981-01-01

108

Issue Management by School Superintendents: Final Report. Part I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This executive summary of a research project explores the general question of how school districts change their domains through the management of major proposals ("issues"). The study, which focused on case studies of three suburban superintendents' management of five to seven major issues, used raw data consisting of interviews with…

Huff, Anne S.; Pondy, Louis R.

109

Issues in School Bus Safety: Real or Red Herring?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In many states, the greatest threat to safe student transportation is elimination of the school transportation program. Using public transit buses, large vans, smaller vehicles, or specialized equipment can cause major-issue headaches. False issues include controversies over seat belts, bus design, and optional "bells and whistles." (10…

Leeds, Robin L.

1999-01-01

110

The School Counselor and the Tech Generation: Issues and Tips  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School counselors should be knowledgeable about the influence of today's technologies on common issues dealt with in counseling. This article describes several of these issues and how they are affected by use of technology. Suggestions are provided to help counselors deal with the current challenges posed by the use of interactive communication…

Dowling, Sue Y.

2006-01-01

111

Planning Guidelines for Primary Schools, Issue 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This planning guide, reflecting recent changes in the educational system in Ireland, offers guidelines for designing primary schools that need to provide additional space for the growing range of teaching and support services. It addresses increased sizes of general purpose rooms, extra floor area provision for classroom storage, administration,…

Department of Education and Science, Tullamore (Ireland). Planning and Building Unit.

112

Dropouts from School: Issues, Dilemmas, and Solutions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A holistic analysis of the dropout problem is presented in this collection of essays, which critically examines a variety of research traditions. The book examines the major groups within the dropout population, factors within schools that contribute to dropping out, and the larger social and economic context within which dropping out occurs.…

Weis, Lois, Ed.; And Others

113

Coal Utilization in Schools: Issues and Answers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Coal, at one-third the cost of natural gas and one-fifth the cost of oil, is our cheapest source of energy and is also in abundant supply. Because of significant technological advances, coal-fired equipment now approaches the clean and automatic operational characteristics of gas- and oil-fired boilers. For these reasons, and because schools are…

Pusey, Robert H.

114

An Examination of Leadership Issues Facing Pennsylvania Career and Technical Administrators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Career and technical administrators are faced with a variety of issues and challenges that include, but are not limited to, providing effective ways to help students increase their academic and technical achievement, addressing staff development needs, and integrating CTE with rigorous academic instruction. The emergence of the identified…

Clark, Robert W.; Farmer, Edgar I.; Welch, Steven M.

2010-01-01

115

How Have Hospitals Faced the Pricing Issues of the 1990's?  

Microsoft Academic Search

National health care expenditures are rising rapidly, bringing on a health care financing crisis. For this reason, it is useful to see how hospitals are facing the price issues of the 1990's. This study examines the price strategies hospitals follow and analyzes their observations on price sensitivity and payer mix. The results clearly show that hospitals have not given much

Arno Kleimenhagen; G. M. Naidu; George D. Pillari

1994-01-01

116

Major Issues Facing the Conservation Movement in the Coming Decade and Beyond.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The key issues facing the conservation movement may be grouped into three areas: (1) threats to human health; (2) threats to food and fuel supplies; and (3) long-term threats to the biosphere. Each of these areas is discussed. (JN)

Strong, Maurice

1984-01-01

117

Future Critical Issues and Problems Facing Technology and Engineering Education in the Commonwealth of Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to determine the future critical issues and problems facing the K-12 technology and engineering education profession in the Commonwealth of Virginia. This study was based on the Wicklein nationwide studies (1993a, 2005). Even though this study did not exactly replicate the Wicklein studies--since it was limited to…

Katsioloudis, Petros; Moye, Johnny J.

2012-01-01

118

School Involvement Leave: Providing Leave for Parental Involvement in School Activities. Policy Briefing Series. Issue 18  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most important factors in school performance is parental involvement. However, many parents do not have the flexibility in their work schedules or the leave policies necessary to attend school functions. As a result, legislators are creating policies to address this issue. School involvement leave policies provide parents with…

Curlew, Mary; Weber, Julie

2009-01-01

119

State Strategies to Help Schools Make the Most of Their National School Lunch Program. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) is the second largest federally subsidized food assistance program, serving approximately 31 million lunches each day. Nearly all public and private schools offer the federally reimbursed school meals program, which cost the federal government $9.3 billion to operate in 2008. This Issue Brief highlights the…

Mulheron, Joyal; Vonasek, Kara

2010-01-01

120

Secondary School Students' Interests, Attitudes and Values Concerning School Science Related to Environmental Issues in Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the relationship between students' interests in environmental issues, attitudes to environmental responsibility and biocentric values in school science education. The factors were investigated within the framework of three moderators: gender, school and residential area of the school. The survey was carried out using the…

Uitto, Anna; Juuti, Kalle; Lavonen, Jari; Byman, Reijo; Meisalo, Veijo

2011-01-01

121

Managing Information Technology: Facing the Issues. Track II: Funding and Accountability Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight papers making up Track II of the 1989 conference of the Professional Association for the Management of Information Technology in Higher Education (known as CAUSE, an acronym for the association's former name) are presented in this document. The focus of Track II is on funding and accountability issues, and the papers include: "A Checklist…

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

122

Managing Information Technology: Facing the Issues. Track III: Organization and Personnel Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven papers making up Track III of the 1989 conference of the Professional Association for the Management of Information Technology in Higher Education (known as CAUSE, an acronym of the association's former name) are presented in this document. The focus of Track III is on organization and personnel issues, and the papers include: "How to…

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

123

Managing Information Technology: Facing the Issues. Track V: Telecommunications and Networking Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven papers making up Track V of the 1989 conference of the Professional Association for the Management of Information Technology in Higher Education (known as CAUSE, an acronym of the association's former name) are presented in this document. The focus of Track V is on telecommunications and networking issues and the papers include: "Networking…

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

124

Children Facing School: Sally Brown and Peppermint Patty.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the comic strip "Peanuts" characters Sally Brown and Peppermint Patty as they illustrate children's difficulties in school and their emotional responses to school. Explores how Sally illustrates the conflict between the creative impulses of childhood with school demands, while Patty illustrates the extent to which many children can be…

Crain, William

1999-01-01

125

Facing Up - Our School Has a Drug Problem.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies have estimated that nearly 20 percent of high school students are experiencing life problems which can be directly attributed to their use of mood-altering chemicals. Many of these life problems, including truancy, declining academic performance, behavior problems, and chemical use itself, directly affect the school system. Any school

Rapp, Richard C.

126

Faces of the Future: School Counselors as Cultural Mediators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty years ago, futurists examined the changing role of the school counselor and forecasted what the 21st-century school counselor would need to know. This article forecasts the future of school counseling in the next 20 years by focusing on expected diversity of K-12 students. Speculation on student enrollment based on projected trends and…

Portman, Tarrell Awe Agahe

2009-01-01

127

Methodological Issues in Achieving School Accountability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Test-based educational accountability is widely used in many countries, but is pervasive in the US. Key features of test-based accountability required by the US No Child Left Behind Act are discussed. Particular attention is given to methodological issues such as the distinction between status and growth approaches, the setting of performance…

Linn, Robert L.

2008-01-01

128

Face to Face with ISLLC: Testing Out the New School Leaders Licensure Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the widespread interest in the Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium (ISLLC) School Leaders Licensure Assessment, this paper explores the implications of this type of assessment for preparation programs in educational administration. The paper examines the relationship of the six ISSLC standards to various accrediting practices as…

Bryant, Miles; Hessel, Karen; Isernhagen, Jody

129

Multicultural Issues in School Psychology Practice: A Critical Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Once thought of largely as a sideline issue, multiculturalism is fast becoming a major topic on the central stage of psychology and practice. That cultural factors permeate the whole of psychological foundations and influence the manner in which the very scope of practice is shaped is undeniable. The rapidly changing face of the U.S. population…

Ortiz, Samuel O.

2006-01-01

130

Are Pesticides the Latest Peril Facing Your Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Environmental and consumer-safety groups are urging caution in the use of pesticides in the schools. Some schools are successfully using integrated pest management (IPM). IPM combines monitoring for pests with the selective use of the least toxic strategies, not all of them chemical. Offers advice and resources to help administrators switch to…

Harrington-Lueker, Donna

1990-01-01

131

The Challenges Faced by Female Primary School Heads: The Zimbabwean Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the affirmative action policy of females has been hailed as a milestone in their emancipation, few insights exist as regards women's challenges in leadership. Current research shows that female primary school heads face unique challenges in their substantive positions. A sample of nineteen female primary school heads in the Masvingo province of Zimbabwe responded to a questaview seeking their

Alfred Henry Makura

132

Future Public Policy and Ethical Issues Facing the Agricultural and Microbial Genomics Sectors of the Biotechnology Industry: A Roundtable Discussion  

SciTech Connect

On September 12, 2003, the University of Maryland School of Law's Intellectual Property and Law & Health Care Programs jointly sponsored and convened a roundtable discussion on the future public policy and ethical issues that will likely face the agricultural and microbial genomics sectors of the biotechnology industry. As this industry has developed over the last two decades, societal concerns have moved from what were often local issues, e.g., the safety of laboratories where scientists conducted recombinant DNA research on transgenic microbes, animals and crops, to more global issues. These newer issues include intellectual property, international trade, risks of genetically engineered foods and microbes, bioterrorism, and marketing and labeling of new products sold worldwide. The fast paced nature of the biotechnology industry and its new developments often mean that legislators, regulators and society, in general, must play ''catch up'' in their efforts to understand the issues, the risks, and even the benefits, that may result from the industry's new ways of conducting research, new products, and novel methods of product marketing and distribution. The goal of the roundtable was to develop a short list of the most significant public policy and ethical issues that will emerge as a result of advances in these sectors of the biotechnology industry over the next five to six years. More concretely, by ''most significant'' the conveners meant the types of issues that would come to the attention of members of Congress or state legislators during this time frame and for which they would be better prepared if they had well researched and timely background information. A concomitant goal was to provide a set of focused issues for academic debate and scholarship so that policy makers, industry leaders and regulators would have the intellectual resources they need to better understand the issues and concerns at stake. The goal was not to provide answers to any of the issues or problems, simply to identify those topics that deserve our attention as a society. Some of the issues may benefit from legislation at the federal or state levels, others may be more appropriately addressed by the private sector. Participants at the roundtable included over a dozen experts in the areas of microbiology, intellectual property, agricultural biotechnology, microbial genomics, bioterrorism, economic development, biotechnology research, and bioethics. These experts came from federal and state government, industry and academia. The participants were asked to come to the roundtable with a written statement of the top three to five public policy/ ethical issues they viewed as most likely to be significant to the industry and to policy makers over the next several years.

Diane E. Hoffmann

2003-09-12

133

How Middle School Students Come Face to Face With Down Syndrome Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article discusses how real research on Down syndrome, being done in a lab at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI), was incorporated into a laboratory activity for middle school students. The activity asked students to evaluate re

Buckingham, Jane; Allen, Jared; Marrs, Kathleen; Roper, Randall

2010-01-01

134

Issues Facing Pharmacy Leaders in 2014: Suggestions for Pharmacy Strategic Planning  

PubMed Central

In 2013, the Director’s Forum published our assessment of issues facing pharmacy leaders to assist pharmacy directors in planning for the year ahead. The issues include health care reform and the Affordable Care Act, the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists Pharmacy Practice Model Initiative, the health care workforce, patients’ perceptions of pharmacists, and the changing landscape of pharmacy education. Based on our environmental scan, the issues addressed in 2013 are pertinent to a department’s plan for 2014. The goal of this article is to provide practical approaches to each of these issues to help pharmacy directors focus their department’s goals for 2014 to support the development of patient-centered pharmacy services. This column will address (1) strategies to reduce medication costs and generate new pharmacy revenue streams, (2) innovative approaches to improving medication safety and quality, (3) steps to advance the clinical practice model, and (4) ways to create mutually beneficial student experiences.

2014-01-01

135

School-Based Methylphenidate Placebo Protocols: Methodological and Practical Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on methodological issues involved in choosing instruments to monitor behavior, once a comprehensive evaluation has suggested trials on Ritalin. Case examples illustrate problems of teacher compliance in filling out measures, supplying adequate placebos, and obtaining physical cooperation. Emerging school-based methodologies are discussed…

Hyman, Irwin A.; Wojtowicz, Alexandra; Lee, Kee Duk; Haffner, Mary Elizabeth; Fiorello, Catherine A.; And Others

1998-01-01

136

Review of Issues in Intelligence Test Use in Alberta Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of issues involved in the use of intelligence tests in Alberta (Canada) schools included consideration of: the nature of intelligence; the measurement of intelligence (instrument variables, examiner variables, and interpretation variables); student rights; implications of intelligence test results in decision making (labeling of…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Special Educational Services Branch.

137

Assessing Middle School Student Participation in Online vs. Face-to-Face Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators have observed reluctance in middle school students to vocally engage in small group learning tasks, the result of which could be a decrease in student learning. The same students have been observed collaborating with peers outside of the classroom when using technology. The purpose of this study is to determine if technology provides a…

Oravetz, Cathleen L.

2011-01-01

138

How Middle School Students Come Face to Face with Down Syndrome Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses how real research on Down syndrome, being done in a lab at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI), was incorporated into a laboratory activity for middle school students. The activity asked students to evaluate real evidence from the research laboratory of a GK-12 fellow (a graduate student funded by the…

Allen, Jared; Buckingham, Jane; Roper, Randall; Marrs, Kathleen

2010-01-01

139

Stress-Prevention in Secondary Schools: Online- versus Face-to-Face-Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to focus on the evaluation of an internet-delivered stress-prevention program for adolescents as a possible alternative for school-based implementation of mental health promotion. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 904 adolescents in grades eight and nine were assigned to four treatment conditions…

Fridrici, Mirko; Lohaus, Arnold

2009-01-01

140

Health-Promoting Schools and Mental Health Issues: A Survey of New Zealand Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In New Zealand, schools are implementing a variety of strategies in an attempt to address factors that adversely influence students' learning. The purpose of this article is to present the findings of a study that sought to determine the extent to which schools were able not only to identify health issues influencing learning, but also to use a…

Cushman, Penni; Clelland, Tracy; Hornby, Garry

2011-01-01

141

School-to-Work Opportunities in the Middle School: Concepts and Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study questioned 26 administrators, counselors, and teachers at 6 middle schools regarding School-To-Work (STW) curriculum implementation. It asked about conceptual, organizational, and operational reasons for implementation; curriculum focus; student benefits; and issues and concerns. Five national associations were questioned about their views…

Finch, Curtis R.; Mooney, Marianne

142

Issues in School Leadership and School Effectiveness: A Focus on Trinidad and Tobago.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a study that utilized the qualitative methodological approach of the focus group, followed by interviews, to gauge the perception of senior educational leaders in Trinidad and Tobago on issues pertaining to school effectiveness. Specifically, the study sought to ascertain from primary and secondary principals, school

Brown, Launcelot I.

143

School-based sexuality education: the issues and challenges.  

PubMed

This commentary on the issues and challenges related to the provision of sex education in US schools opens by using a 1997 action of the Franklin County, North Carolina, school board as an example of the controversy. In this case, the school board ordered the removal of chapters on sex behavior, contraception, AIDS, and sexually transmitted diseases from its 9th grade health text book to comply with a new state law requiring public schools to teach sexual abstinence until marriage. While most US adults approve of sex education in schools, the abstinence-only movement has orchestrated a highly organized, successful campaign to remove information from schools and has garnered a $250 million commitment from the federal government to promote abstinence until marriage as part of welfare reform efforts. The commentary continues with a review of efforts to undermine sexuality education starting in the 1960s and sketches the current state of sex education efforts. The next section looks at the new strategy used by sex education opponents, which led them to refocus efforts on local school boards and state legislatures instead of national policies. Remaining topics include the other tactics used by sex education opponents, the heightened fear of teachers to discuss controversial subjects, the lack of teacher training to discuss sexuality, and the consequences of this situation in the classroom. Recommendations to redress this situation include improving professional training, forming local advisory committees, encouraging parental involvement, and promoting the benefits of comprehensive programs. PMID:9711458

Donovan, P

1998-01-01

144

Libraries as iCentres: Helping Schools Face the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School librarians need to be proactive in identifying new ways to help students prepare for the world of the future. Students need relevant educational experiences that support emerging demands created by information and service based economies. The economies of Pacific Rim countries such as the USA, Australia, Singapore, Hong Kong, and Canada are…

Hough, Michael

2011-01-01

145

Gender matters : facing the challenge in girls' schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Speaking late in 2007 at an equal opportunity forum, John McFarlane, then CEO of ANZ Bank, stated that the reason why so few women get to senior positions is because men do not promote them. For anyone involved in the business of teaching girls, and especially those working in a girls' school, the implications of such a statement are profound

M Hansen

2008-01-01

146

High heat flux issues for plasma-facing components in fusion reactors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Plasma facing components in tokamak fusion reactors are faced with a number of difficult high heat flux issues. These components include: first wall armor tiles, pumped limiters, diverter plates, rf antennae structure, and diagnostic probes. Peak heat fluxes are 15 - 30 MW/m2 for diverter plates, which will operate for 100 - 1000 seconds in future tokamaks. Disruption heat fluxes can approach 100,000 MW/m2 for 0.1 ms. Diverter plates are water-cooled heat sinks with armor tiles brazed on to the plasma facing side. Heat sink materials include OFHC, GlidcopTM, TZM, Mo-41Re, and niobium alloys. Armor tile materials include: carbon fiber composites, beryllium, silicon carbide, tungsten, and molybdenum. Tile thickness range from 2 - 10 mm, and heat sinks are 1 - 3 mm. A twisted tape insert is used to enhance heat transfer and increase the burnout safety margin from critical heat flux limits to 50 - 60 MW/m2 with water at 10 m/s and 4 MPa. Tests using rastered electron beams have shown thermal fatigue failures from cracks at the brazed interface between tiles and the heat sink after only 1000 cycles at 10 - 15 MW/m2. These fatigue lifetimes need to be increased an order of magnitude to meet future requirements. Other critical issues for plasma facing components include: surface erosion from sputtering and disruption erosion, eddy current forces and runaway electron impact from disruptions, neutron damage, tritium retention and release, remote maintenance of radioactive components, corrosion-erosion, and loss-of-coolant accidents.

Watson, Robert D.

1993-02-01

147

Elementary school children's explicit and implicit memory for faces of preschool classmates  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined elementary school children's memories for faces of preschool classmates after a 3-year interval. Children recognized their former classmates at an above-chance level, but their level of recognition was significantly lower than the level shown by the preschool teachers. Children showed implicit memory of classmates by making fewer errors while performing a face-matching task in classmate conditions than

Eunhui Lie; Nora S. Newcombe

1999-01-01

148

Risk in the Clouds?: Security Issues Facing Government Use of Cloud Computing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cloud computing is poised to become one of the most important and fundamental shifts in how computing is consumed and used. Forecasts show that government will play a lead role in adopting cloud computing - for data storage, applications, and processing power, as IT executives seek to maximize their returns on limited procurement budgets in these challenging economic times. After an overview of the cloud computing concept, this article explores the security issues facing public sector use of cloud computing and looks to the risk and benefits of shifting to cloud-based models. It concludes with an analysis of the challenges that lie ahead for government use of cloud resources.

Wyld, David C.

149

Measuring the Effectiveness of Schooling Policies in Developing Countries: Revisiting Issues of Methodology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Revisits key school effectiveness measurement issues: difficulties in evaluating school effectiveness from behavioral data due to observation/measurement problems; evidence on marginal values of schooling outputs and schooling production relations; methodological issues in underlying studies and their carryover to cost-benefit estimates; and…

Behrman, Jere R.

1996-01-01

150

Leading a Small Remote School: In the Face of a Culture of Acceptance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a case study of one very small school in a remote location of Western Australia. The study is part of a larger programme, International Study of Principal Preparation, investigating the challenges facing novice principals in the first 3 years of appointment and the extent to which they felt they were adequately prepared to…

Wildy, Helen; Clarke, Simon

2012-01-01

151

The Changing Face of Special Educational Needs: Impact and Implications for SENCOs and Their Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Changing Face of Special Educational Needs" shows teachers, SENCOs and students in teacher training how to respond to the rapidly changing context of special education. This highly practical and accessible text unlocks the often confusing field of special education provision in schools today by: (1) Summarising and clarifying new policy…

Ekins, Alison

2011-01-01

152

Pedagogical incongruences facing international science teachers when they immigrate to teach in United States high schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem. Teacher shortages exist in certain disciplines in United States high schools. Foreign teachers are being invited into the United States to alleviate shortages in such critical areas as mathematics and science. It is generally admitted that new teacher induction process can be difficult. Veteran teachers working in new locations face similar induction difficulties. However, there has been little or

Charles Bartels Hutchison

2001-01-01

153

Education by the Numbers: The Fiscal Effect of School Choice Programs, 1990-2006. School Choice Issues in Depth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School choice programs, which allow students to attend the public or private school of their choice using public funds, have taken root in the U.S. and are growing rapidly both in number and size. Their fiscal impact has become an important political issue. Proponents say school choice saves money because private schooling is more efficient,…

Aud, Susan L.

2007-01-01

154

The Press Relations of a Local School District: An Analysis of the Emergence of School Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Press coverage of a suburban midwest school district is analyzed as a set of time series of observations including the amount and quality of coverage. Possible shifts in these series because of the emergence of controversial issues are analyzed statistically using the Integrated Moving Average Time Series Model. Evidence of significant shifts in…

Morris, Jon R.; Guenter, Cornelius

155

Addressing Weight-Related Issues in an Elementary School: What do Students, Parents, and School Staff Recommend?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined weight-related issues affecting elementary school children to gain insight into how best to address these issues within a school-based intervention. The study population included 21 students, 12 school staff members, and 21 parents from a school that serves an ethnically-diverse population. Data were collected using focus groups and individual interviews and were analyzed using qualitative research methodology.

Jess Haines; Dianne Neumark-Sztainer; Lynnell Thiel

2007-01-01

156

The National School Lunch Program: Background, Trends, and Issues. ERS Report Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) is one of the largest food and nutrition assistance programs in the United States, feeding millions of children every day. School meal providers face the task of serving nutritious and appealing school lunches, including free and reduced-price lunches for low-income students, and doing so under budget…

Ralston, Katherine; Newman, Constance; Clauson, Annette; Guthrie, Joanne; Buzby, Jean

2008-01-01

157

School Improvement for Schools Facing Challenging Circumstances: A Review of Research and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the literature on what works in school improvement in the UK. Outlines the practices that appear to be necessary--in terms of organization, culture, leadership, and ethos--to improve the levels of effectiveness. Appended is an outline of a number of particularly effective school-improvement projects. (Contains 22 references.) (WFA)

Potter, David; Reynolds, David; Chapman, Christopher

2002-01-01

158

Can we stop the spread of influenza in schools with face masks?  

SciTech Connect

In the absence of a strain-specific vaccine and the potential resistance to antiviral medication, nonpharmaceutical interventions can be used to reduce the spread of an infectious disease such as influenza. The most common non-pharmaceutical interventions include school closures, travel restrictions, social distancing, enforced or volunteer home isolation and quarantine, improved hand hygiene, and the appropriate wearing of face masks. However, for some of these interventions, there are some unavoidable economic costs to both employees and employers, as well as possible additional detriment to society as a whole. For example, it has been shown that school-age children are most likely to be infected and act as sources of infection for others, due to their greater societal interaction and increased susceptibility. Therefore, preventing or at least reducing infections in children is a logical first-line of defense. For this reason, school closures have been widely investigated and recommended as part of pandemic influenza preparedness, and some studies support this conclusion. Yet, school closures would result in lost work days if at least one parent must be absent from work to care for children who would otherwise be at school. In addition, the delay in-academic progress may be detrimental due to mass school absenteeism. In particular, the pandemic influenza guidance by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recommends school closures for less than four weeks for Category 2 and 3 pandemics (i.e., similar to the milder 1957 and 1968 pandemics) and one to three months for Category 4 and 5 pandemics (i .e., similar to the 1918 pandemic ). Yet, given the above, it is clear that closing schools for up to three months is unlikely to be a practical mitigation strategy for many families and society. Thus modelers and policy makers need to weigh all factors before recommending such drastic measures, particularly if the agent under consideration typically has low mortality and causes a mild disease. Therefore, we contend that face masks are an effective, practical, non-pharmaceutical intervention that would reduce the spread of disease among school-children, while keeping schools open. Influenza spreads through person-to-person contact, via transmission by large droplets or aerosols (droplet nuclei) produced by breathing, talking, coughing or sneezing, as well as by direct (though most people touch very few others in their daily lives) or indirect (i.e., via fomites) contact. Face masks act as a physical barrier to reduce the amount of potentially infectious inhaled and exhaled particles, although they would not reliably protect the wearer against aerosols; a recent study also demonstrated that they can redirect and decelerate exhaled airflows (when worn by an infected individual) to prevent them from entering the breathing zones of others. Thus, if a whole classroom were to don face masks, disease transmission would be expected to be greatly diminished. Another recent study on face masks and hand hygiene show a 10-50% transmission reduction for influenza-like illnesses. Furthermore, face masks can act as an effective physical reminder and barrier to transmission by preventing the wearer from touching any potentially infectious secretions from their mucous membranes (i.e., from the nose and mouth), which is another mechanism for direct and indirect contact transmission for influenza. A recent systematic review has suggested that wearing masks can be highly effective in limiting the transmission of respiratory infections, such as influenza. Yet, admittedly, the effectiveness of this intervention strategy is highly dependent on compliance (i.e., the willingness to wear the mask in all appropriate situations), which in tum depends on comfort, convenience, fitness, and hygiene. Importantly, masks themselves must not become a source of infection (or reinfection); as such they should be replaced or sanitized daily (where possible) to maximize effectiveness. One solution could be for masks to be touted as fashion accessories, whi

Del Valle, Sara Y [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tellier, Raymond [UNIV OF CALGARY; Settles, Gary [UNIV PARK; Tang, Julian [NATIONAL UNIV OF SINGAPORE

2009-01-01

159

Sexual and reproductive health issues facing Southeast Asian beer promoters: a qualitative pilot study  

PubMed Central

Background In Southeast Asia, hundreds of thousands of young rural women migrate from their villages to the larger cities in search of work. Many find employment with beer companies or in the clubs where beer is sold, promoting the sale of beer. Previous research suggests these young migrants are in a highly vulnerable position. This paper will describe the findings of an October 2009 meeting to develop a research agenda on the sexual and reproductive health of beer promoters and a subsequent pilot study of focus groups with beer promoters to review this agenda. Methods Participants of the research meeting representing beer promoters, academics, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), government and the beer industry from Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, and Vietnam collaborated in the development of three key research themes. The themes were verified in focus group discussions with beer promoters organized by local research partners in all four countries. The focus group participants were asked what they felt were the key sexual and reproductive health issues facing them in a non-directive and unstructured manner, and then asked to comment more specifically on the research priorities developed at the meeting. The focus groups were recorded digitally, transcribed, and translated into English. The data were analyzed by coding for common themes and then developing matrices to compare themes between groups. Results The participants of the meeting identified three key research themes: occupational health (including harassment and violence, working conditions, and fair pay), gender and social norms (focusing on the impact of power relations between the genders on women's health), and reproductive health (knowledge and access to reproductive health care services). The participants in the focus groups in all four countries agreed that these were key priorities for them, though the emphasis on the most important issues varied between groups of women. Sexual harassment in the workplace and challenges in accessing reproductive health care services because of the barriers of cost, shyness, and stigmatizing attitudes of health care providers were common problems for many of the women. Conclusions There is a need for regional research and programming for beer promotion women in Southeast Asia focusing on the three research themes of occupational health, gender norms and reproductive health. Such research and programs could provide important benefits for many beer promotion women who currently face significant risks to their sexual and reproductive health.

2010-01-01

160

Ethical issues in information and communication technologies: Case of Malaysian primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the ethical issues in information communication technology (ICT) in Malaysian primary schools. Among ethical issues that have been identified are cyber crime, cyber bullying, internet fraud, hacking and others. However, cyber bullying are the major ethical issues in Malaysian primary schools. In this study, quantitative methodology has been chosen by distributing questionnaire among the respondents. The results

Maslin Masrom; Nadia Jamal; Nik Hasnaa Nik Mahmood; Othman Zainon; Muhammad Madi Abdullah; Hooi Lai Wan

2012-01-01

161

Does Evidence Matter? How Middle School Students Make Decisions About Socioscientific Issues  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

People worldwide are faced with making decisions daily. While many decisions are quick (e.g., what clothes to wear), others, such as those about environmental issues (e.g., overfishing), require more thought and have less immediate outcomes. How one makes such decisions depends on how one interprets, evaluates, and uses evidence. The central objective of this thesis was to investigate environmental science literacy in general, and specifically, to understand how evidence and other factors impact decision-making. I conducted three main studies: First, I provide an example of how decision-making practices affect environmental systems and services through a descriptive case study of Atlantic bluefin tuna overfishing. I reviewed the scientific, historical and cultural factors contributing to a paradox of marine preservation in the Mediterranean and highlighted the need for education and informed decision-making about such social and ecological issues. This study motivated me to investigate how people make decisions about environmental issues. Second, I interviewed middle school students to understand how they describe and evaluate evidence hypothetically and in practice about environmental issues---a key component of environmental literacy. Students discussed how they would evaluate evidence and then were then given a packet containing multiple excerpts of information from conflicting stakeholders about an environmental issue and asked how they would make voting or purchasing decisions about these issues. Findings showed that students' ideas about evaluating evidence (e.g., by scientific and non-scientific criteria) match their practices in part. This study was unique in that it investigated how students evaluate evidence that (1) contradicts other evidence and (2), conflicts with the student's prior positions. Finally, I investigated whether middle school students used evidence when making decisions about socioscientific issues. I hypothesized that holding a strong opinion would decrease the likelihood of changing decisions when presented with additional information. Findings indicated that most students do not change their stance after reading additional evidence. Students were more likely to change their decisions about issues that they cared least about than about issues that they cared most about. Implications for science teaching and learning are discussed.

Emery, Katherine Beth

162

School Closures and Policy Issues. Policy Paper No. 84-C3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the literature on the impact of school closures on students and communities in the context of four policy issues: school size, cost savings, educational equity, and public support for education. In closure decisions, a major hypothesis affecting school board members is that larger schools can offer a broader curriculum at lower…

Valencia, Richard R.

163

Free to Lead: Autonomy in Highly Successful Charter Schools. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Autonomy is a key component of the charter school concept. By allowing charter schools to have autonomy over decisions concerning finance, personnel, scheduling, curriculum and instruction, states have enabled many of these schools to produce stellar results for their students. This issue brief explores autonomy at five excellent charter schools

Ableidinger, Joe; Hassel, Bryan C.

2010-01-01

164

Cultural and hierarchical influences: ethical issues faced by Taiwanese nursing students.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVES Improving nurses' competence in resolving clinical ethical issues must start with ethics education in training and clinical practice. However, many students complain that they cannot apply classroom learning to actual clinical scenarios. This study explored ethical issues and dilemmas, and their impact experienced by student nurses in clinical practice. METHODS Focus groups were conducted with 44 first-year student nurses from a 2-year college course in northern Taiwan. Interviews were tape-recorded and verbatim transcripts were analysed using content analysis. RESULTS Students expressed and discussed their views in eight focus groups. Analysis of interviews revealed five themes: frustration at inability to help some patients; oppression caused by lower status; lack of honesty and ethical courage; powerlessness, and self-encouragement in adversity. CONCLUSIONS Taiwanese nurse ethics training was only recently introduced and the curriculum has not addressed the clinical reality in Taiwan. This reality includes limitations arising from the medical hierarchy and the socio-cultural role of families in medical decision making, which may inhibit ethical judgements and decision making. In clinical dilemmas, the most common problems faced by Taiwanese nursing students involved not knowing how to handle some situations, inability to abide by principles, and a lack of appropriate role models. Hence, we suggest that nursing ethics education should: (i) integrate scenarios involving ethical dilemmas into daily routines; (ii) give students opportunities to discuss their feelings about their experiences; (iii) allow teachers and students to talk about scenarios with ethical implications, and (iv) provide students with opportunities to reflect on clinical scenarios in order to clarify their values and learn how to respect the value of life. PMID:20345695

Yeh, Mei-Yu; Wu, Shu-Mei; Che, Hui-Lian

2010-05-01

165

Riverine ecosystem services and the thermoelectric sector: strategic issues facing the Northeastern United States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Major strategic issues facing the global thermoelectric sector include environmental regulation, climate change and increasing electricity demand. We have addressed such issues by modeling thermoelectric generation in the Northeastern United States that is reliant on cooling under five sensitivity tests to evaluate losses/gains in power production, thermal pollution and suitable aquatic habitat, comparing the contemporary baseline (2000-2010) with potential future states. Integral to the analysis, we developed a methodology to quantify river water availability for cooling, which we define as an ecosystem service. Projected climate conditions reduce river water available for efficient power plant operations and the river's capacity to absorb waste heat, causing a loss of regional thermoelectric generation (RTG) (2.5%) in some summers that, compared to the contemporary baseline, is equal to the summertime electricity consumption of 1.3 million Northeastern US homes. Vulnerabilities to warm temperatures and thermal pollution can be alleviated through the use of more efficient natural gas (NG) power plants that have a reduced reliance on cooling water. Conversion of once-through (OT) to cooling tower (CT) systems and the Clean Water Act (CWA) temperature limit regulation, both of which reduce efficiencies at the single plant level, show potential to yield beneficial increases in RTG. This is achieved by obviating the need for large volumes of river water, thereby reducing plant-to-plant interferences through lowering the impact of upstream thermal pollution and preserving a minimum standard of cooling water. The results and methodology framework presented here, which can be extrapolated to other regional assessments with contrasting climates and thermoelectric profiles, can identify opportunities and support decision-making to achieve more efficient energy systems and riverine ecosystem protection.

Miara, A.; Vorosmarty, C. J.; Stewart, R.; Wollheim, W. M.; Rosenzweig, B.

2013-12-01

166

Riverine ecosystem services and the thermoelectric sector: strategic issues facing the Northeastern United States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Major strategic issues facing the global thermoelectric sector include environmental regulation, climate change and increasing electricity demand. We have addressed such issues by modeling thermoelectric generation in the Northeastern United States that is reliant on cooling under five sensitivity tests to evaluate losses/gains in power production, thermal pollution and suitable aquatic habitat, comparing the contemporary baseline (2000-2010) with potential future states. Integral to the analysis, we developed a methodology to quantify river water availability for cooling, which we define as an ecosystem service. Projected climate conditions reduce river water available for efficient power plant operations and the river’s capacity to absorb waste heat, causing a loss of regional thermoelectric generation (RTG) (2.5%) in some summers that, compared to the contemporary baseline, is equal to the summertime electricity consumption of 1.3 million Northeastern US homes. Vulnerabilities to warm temperatures and thermal pollution can be alleviated through the use of more efficient natural gas (NG) power plants that have a reduced reliance on cooling water. Conversion of once-through (OT) to cooling tower (CT) systems and the Clean Water Act (CWA) temperature limit regulation, both of which reduce efficiencies at the single plant level, show potential to yield beneficial increases in RTG. This is achieved by obviating the need for large volumes of river water, thereby reducing plant-to-plant interferences through lowering the impact of upstream thermal pollution and preserving a minimum standard of cooling water. The results and methodology framework presented here, which can be extrapolated to other regional assessments with contrasting climates and thermoelectric profiles, can identify opportunities and support decision-making to achieve more efficient energy systems and riverine ecosystem protection.

Miara, Ariel; Vörösmarty, Charles J.; Stewart, Robert J.; Wollheim, Wilfred M.; Rosenzweig, Bernice

2013-06-01

167

The Changing Face of Racial Isolation and Desegregation in Urban Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on several current issues in school desegregation that stem from recent changes in demography, policy, and research. Highlighted are changes in student diversity, national desegregation policies, voluntary desegregation, bilingual education, and the effects of these changes on academic achievement. (SLD)

Ascher, Carol

1995-01-01

168

"You Could See It on Their Faces...": The Importance of Provoking Smiles in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Current research in both cognitive neuroscience and what has been called "positive psychology" point to the need for wholesale reappraisal of what happens in schools, especially with regard to the wellbeing of children. Seeks to examine this issue. Design/methodology/approach: Reviews and discussion of research by the World Health…

Barnes, Jonathan

2005-01-01

169

School Quality in the Cloud: Guidelines for Authorizing Virtual Charter Schools. Authorizing Matters. Issue Brief. Cyber Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Issue Brief, an update of "Authorizing Virtual Charter Schools: Rules of the Road on the Digital Highway" by Gregg Vanourek, is part of NACSA's Cyber series, which addresses issues in policy and practice that concern authorizing online schools and blended learning. It aims to improve authorizer understanding and oversight of online charter…

Lin, Margaret

2011-01-01

170

25 CFR 37.111 - What role does a tribe have in issues relating to school boundaries?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...does a tribe have in issues relating to school boundaries? 37.111 Section 37...EDUCATION GEOGRAPHIC BOUNDARIES All Schools § 37.111 What role does a tribe have in issues relating to school boundaries? A tribal governing...

2011-04-01

171

Remembering What's Important: Priorities of School Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Remembering What's Important: Priorities of School Leadership," Charles A. Bonnici addresses several issues facing school leaders through strategies supported by real-life examples and anecdotes. The issues addressed include questions such as: (1) What is the most urgent issue faced by a new school leader?; (2) How can this leader address the…

Bonnici, Charles A.

2011-01-01

172

How Effective Are Schools' Tutoring Services? Issue Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effectiveness of secondary school tutoring services in the Chicago Public Schools, Illinois. During school year 2001-2002, researchers surveyed 4,211 students from four Latino plurality high schools. Survey questions addressed tutoring services. Five student focus groups were held at one school. Results indicated that many…

Valdez, Virginia

173

Teachers' Perceptions of School Violence Issues: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined teachers' perceptions of school violence, changes made as a result of violence, and overall school climate at a small, rural high school. Focus group data indicated that teachers had school climate concerns and feared school violence. They noted the need for an adequate physical structure to promote overall safety. They felt they should…

Finley, Laura L.

2003-01-01

174

The Problems Public Schools Face: High School Misbehaviour in 1990 and 2002  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Misbehaviour in high school impacts learning and instruction in the classroom as well as the educational climate of the institution. In this report, changes in administrators', teachers', and students' reports of misbehaviour between 1990 and 2002 were examined using two national US databases. There was little change in administrators'…

Fish, Reva M.; Finn, Kristin V.; Finn, Jeremy D.

2011-01-01

175

The Impact of School Suspensions: A Student Wellbeing Issue  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School suspensions are commonly used in schools to address challenging student behaviours, often on the understanding that suspensions send a clear message to the school community about what is acceptable behaviour. However, there is a growing body of evidence that school suspensions have a range of unintended negative consequences including…

Hemphill, Sheryl; Hargreaves, John

2009-01-01

176

Development and Management of Virtual Schools: Issues and Trends  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virtual schools are a result of widespread changes in knowledge about learning, in available technology and in society. Virtual schooling is growing in popularity and will continue to attract students because of the benefits it offers over traditional schooling. Stakeholders in virtual schools need information to guide their decisions. For the…

Cavanaugh, Catherine, Ed.

2004-01-01

177

Linking Leadership and Decision Making to the School Violence Issue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Factors that influence principals in decisions related to violence in schools were studied through semi-structured interviews with 12 junior high school principals in a large western Canadian school district. Participants were selected on the basis of their known involvement in school violence prevention initiatives. Several decision-making…

MacDonald, Irene M.

178

Monopoly vs. Markets: The Empirical Evidence on Private Schools & School Choice. School Choice Issues in Depth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents new findings comparing public and private high schools using top-quality data from the Education Longitudinal Study (ELS), a long-term research project sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education. The ELS project tracks individual data on thousands of students, allowing researchers to conduct much better analyses than are…

Forster, Greg

2007-01-01

179

What a Little Hate Literature Will Do: "Cultural Issues" and the Emotional Aspect of School Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a cultural issues class, examining research on a high school responding to neo-Nazi incidents. Argues that by emphasizing international rather than local issues, the class depoliticized ethnic difference and ignored white privilege at the classroom, school, and community level. Traces this neutralizing urge to collective emotions of…

DiPardo, Anne

2000-01-01

180

Organizing High School Biology Experiences around Contemporary Bioethical Issues: An STS Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for a citizenry capable of comprehending and tackling contemporary issues related to science and technology demands science education experiences that are fundamentally different from traditional experiences in school science. Argues that high school biology experiences organized around contemporary bioethical issues can meet this need.…

Dass, Pradeep Maxwell

1997-01-01

181

Methodological Issues in Outcome Studies of School-Based Interventions for the Prevention of Adolescent Depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several methodological and ethical issues are addressed in the context of three related school-based studies of the primary and targeted prevention of depressive symptoms and disorder in high school adolescents. These issues include obtaining subject consent and the protection of confidentiality, minimizing attrition over long-term follow-up periods, the \\

Gregory N. Clarke

1993-01-01

182

Responding to Child Abuse in the Schools: Issues in Interagency Cooperation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the legal and practical issues that school officials should consider in handling a case of child abuse allegedly committed by a school employee. It suggests ways in which school officials can work with other involved parties to best serve the child's needs without compromising the district's ability to meet its own legal…

Gittins, Naomi E.

1993-01-01

183

Sexism in Schools: An Issue for the '70's  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses schools as a precipitating factor in the lowering of academic potential and self-esteem in female students. Several aspects of the schools are considered, including curriculum, staffing patterns, and nonverbal cues. (RP)

Sadker, Myra; Sadker, David

1974-01-01

184

Key Issue: Improving the Preparation of School and District Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In many schools and districts, leaders are lacking the necessary skills and preparation for the roles to which they are assigned. Improving the preparation of school and district leaders prior to hiring or promotion can help schools and districts accomplish the following goals: (1) Meet the growing need for highly qualified leaders; (2) Raise…

National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

185

Are Your High School Constituents Successful in College? The Issue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document highlights notable findings to the report, "Making the Transition from High School to College in Ohio, 2003," through questions and answers. This Ohio Board of Regents report focuses on the preparedness and success of recent high school graduates who go on to college. Data is presented on secondary school preparation for college,…

Ohio Board of Regents, 2004

2004-01-01

186

Mideast-Themed Schools Raise Curricular, Church-State Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on two Mideast-themed schools which have attracted fierce controversy amplified in the news media and the blogosphere. A new public school with a focus on Arabic language and culture is set to open in New York City this week, after being assailed for months by opponents who claim it will be a taxpayer-funded Islamic school

Trotter, Andrew

2007-01-01

187

Termination of School Employees: Legal Issues and Techniques.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The termination of unsatisfactory school employees is an ubiquitous and often expensive legal problem for school districts. This monograph was designed to help school attorneys and administrators in handling the termination process as fairly and efficiently as possible. The monograph begins with articles on documentation, evaluation, and…

National School Boards Association, Alexandria, VA. Council of School Attorneys.

188

Traditional Norms of Schooling and the Issue of Organization Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Organizational change will be a major theme of the school reform movement. Despite restructuring efforts, schools are still operated on the factory system model. Using the social norms concept, this paper examines schools as informal organizations and advocates staff development as an essential key for changing informal relationships (roles)…

Keedy, John L.

1990-01-01

189

Measuring Charter School Financial Health. Authorizing Matters. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As schools are in the business of educating students, academic performance should be the primary outcome by which a charter school is evaluated. But a charter school cannot provide students with a good education if it cannot meet payroll, afford to keep the lights on in the building, or worse yet, improperly uses public funds that should be spent…

Aase, Ben

2009-01-01

190

Overlooked Issues of Religious Identity in the School Dinners Debate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The TV broadcast of "Jamie's school dinners" in 2005 prompted action throughout the UK to improve the standards of school meals. A public debate continues across the media around changes, resistance to them and consequences. This article draws upon the findings of a one-year ESRC-funded project on the English school dinners debate, which analysed…

Twiner, Alison; Cook, Guy; Gillen, Julia

2009-01-01

191

Current Issues: Critical Policy Choices Facing the Nation and the World. 1999 Edition [and] Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student text and teacher's guide feature current events and policy issues that are in discussion today. The books offer background on important domestic and foreign policy issues and present arguments from both sides of key issues. The books are divided into three sections. Section 1, "The Federal Government," contains: (1) "The Clinton…

Close Up Foundation, Alexandria, VA.

192

Current Issues: Critical Policy Choices Facing the Nation and the World. 2000 Edition [and] Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student text and teacher's guide feature current events and policy issues that are in discussion today. The books offer background on important domestic and foreign policy issues and present arguments from both sides of key issues. The books are divided into three sections. Section 1, "The Federal Government," contains: (1) "The Clinton…

Close Up Foundation, Alexandria, VA.

193

Rethinking School Finance. A Policy Issues Paper Prepared for the Chief State School Officers of the Northwest and Pacific.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ways of rethinking school financial policy issues are examined in this report. This rethinking has evolved from growing recognition of two related principles: school finance as part of public finance; and policy formation as a product of commitments and constraints. Principles of public finance, commitments and constraints are described. Five…

Hansen, Kenneth H.; And Others

194

Responding To School Walkout Demonstrations. Lessons Learned From School Crises and Emergencies, Volume 3, Issue 1, 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Lessons Learned" is a series of publications that are a brief recounting of actual school emergencies and crises. This "Lessons Learned" issue examines the incidence of student walkout demonstrations and the various ways in which administrators, school staff, law enforcement, and the community at large can help keep youths safe, while still…

US Department of Education, 2008

2008-01-01

195

The Harbour School, A Very Special School. IssueTrak: A CEFPI Brief on Educational Facility Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Harbour School in Baltimore County, Maryland and provides a unique and outstanding setting that was designed to enhance and support the programs and services required for 125 special-needs students between the ages of 6 and 21. The director of the school, Dr. Linda Jacobs, had previous experience with establishing a school in a commercial…

Stenzler, Yale

2005-01-01

196

Legislative Responses to Remaining School Funding Equity Issues: A Report to the 53rd Legislature from the Joint Interim Subcommittee on School Funding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the state facing lawsuits over school funding, the Joint Interim Subcommittee on School Funding of the Montana Legislature recommended establishing guaranteed tax base aid to schools. The subcommittee made the recommendations in November 1992 to the 53rd Legislature. The legislation, LC 36, would equalize funding for school district facility…

Merrill, Andrea

197

Multicultural Issues in School-Based Consultation: Conceptual and Research Considerations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literature in the counseling and psychotherapy fields relating multicultural issues to school-based consultation is reviewed. Ways in which culture may affect the consultant, consultee, and client are suggested. Research is needed relating multicultural issues to consultation; a conceptual framework related to the utility of multicultural issues

Ramirez, Sylvia Z.; Lepage, Kathleen M.; Kratochwill, Thomas R.; Duffy, Janet L.

1998-01-01

198

The National School Lunch Program: Background, Trends, and Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) is the Nation’s second largest food and nutrition assistance program. In 2006, it operated in over 101,000 public and nonprofit private schools and provided over 28 million low-cost or free lunches to children on a typical school day at a Federal cost of $8 billion for the year. This report provides background information on

Katherine L. Ralston; Constance Newman; Annette L. Clauson; Joanne F. Guthrie; Jean C. Buzby

2008-01-01

199

Career Development in the Schools. Issues in Career Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Career Development in the Schools" describes a dynamic process that continues to evolve in its rationale and practice. In many schools and in a variety of scholarly writings, the status of career development is controversial. Some observers assert that career development should be seen as a by-product of all of the knowledge and activities that…

Eliason, Grafton T., Ed.; Patrick, John, Ed.

2008-01-01

200

Modeling Public School Partnerships: Merging Corporate and Community Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a model that merges corporate community relations strategy and public relations pedagogy to accelerate the rate at which Internet-based technologies are integrated into the public schools system. The model provides Internet-based training for a select group of Key Contacts drawn from two urban middle schools. Training is…

Clark, Cynthia E.; Brill, Dale A.

201

Practicing School Psychology while Impaired: Ethical, Professional, and Legal Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies on impairment in psychologists and other mental health practitioners began appearing in the literature 30-35 years ago. Since then, research and related scholarly writings have continued to be published to more fully understand this concept and its components. In school psychology, however, little has been written regarding school

Mahoney, Emery B.; Morris, Richard J.

2012-01-01

202

Urban School-Community Alliances. Trends and Issues No. 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collaborations between urban schools and businesses, community agencies, cultural institutions, and universities have become a popular way to improve public education. Motives for collaborating include the following: (1) schools with a largely disadvantaged population need powerful, vocal support groups; (2) businesses need a highly educated and…

Ascher, Carol

203

School Reform: The Critical Issues. Hoover Institution Press Publication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a collection of recent articles on the problems in today's schools, why school and students are underperforming, exploring a range of topics and explaining why some reforms in education are destined to fail while others have been proven to work. The first section, "Teaching Approaches," presents articles on progressive…

Evers, Williamson M., Ed.; Izumi, Lance T., Ed.; Riley, Pamela A., Ed.

204

Issues of Academic Integrity in U.S. Dental Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed deans of U.S. dental schools on academic integrity. Found the average school deals with one or two incidents a year, the most common being copying or aiding during written exams, and the second most common involving falsifications of patient records. Respondents said major reasons for failing to report incidents were fear of time and…

Beemsterboer, Phyllis L.; Odom, John G.; Pate, Ted D.; Haden, N. Karl

2000-01-01

205

The Research on School Marketing: Current Issues and Future Directions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review provides a synthesis of the scholarship that has sought to expand the understanding of educational marketing practice in schools. The following research questions guided this review. What are the common themes and characteristics that emerge from research about marketing in schools? What remains underdeveloped in the characterization…

Oplatka, Izhar; Hemsley-Brown, Jane

2004-01-01

206

School Fires. Topical Fire Research Series. Volume 8, Issue 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the past 3 years of data, for 2003 to 2005, from the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) database, the yearly national fire loss for fires on nonadult school properties is estimated at $85 million. Such losses are the result of an estimated annual average of 14,700 fires that required a fire department response. Fires on school

US Department of Homeland Security, 2007

2007-01-01

207

Are High School Grades Inflated? Issues in College Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To find out whether high school grade inflation exists, data drawn from students who took the ACT in the eleventh or twelfth grades and graduated from public high schools were examined. Because grade inflation is by definition a factor that develops over time, data from a relatively long period, 1991 to 2003, or 13 years were used. The number of…

ACT, Inc., 2005

2005-01-01

208

Distance Education and the Small School: Policy Issues. Discussion Draft.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The capabilities of a distance education system to enhance instructional programs of small schools by providing equity and increasing quality of educational opportunity, providing access to subject matter and subject matter experts, and providing interaction and joint activities with students in other schools are of sufficient merit to formulate…

Hansen, Kenneth H.

209

Disruptive Behavior: An Empirical Evaluation of School Misconduct and Market Accountability. School Choice Issues in Depth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Opponents of school choice argue that private schools are not "accountable" because they are not subject to detailed oversight by a regulatory bureaucracy. They claim private school employees can be expected to engage in abusive and criminal behavior more frequently. School choice supporters respond that parents hold private schools accountable…

Forster, Greg; Carr, Matthew

2007-01-01

210

South Dakota School Principals' Preferred Leadership Styles for Leading Change to Face Poverty and Discrimination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quantitative research study identified perceptions regarding leadership styles of a sample of high school, middle school, and elementary school principals serving in South Dakota public and tribal/BIE (Bureau of Indian Education) schools in 2011. From 152 public school districts and 20 tribal/BIE schools, a sample of 148 school principals was…

Soka, John Alex

2011-01-01

211

The Changing Face of Racial Isolation and Desegregation in Urban Schools. ERIC/CUE Digest, Number 91.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest focuses on several issues in school desegregation that stem from recent changes in demography, policy, and research. Change in student diversity, the first consideration, is even more marked in cities than in the country as a whole, with only 9 of 47 urban cities in the Great City Schools network having a majority white enrollment.…

Ascher, Carol

212

Legal and Ethical Issues in School Psychologists' Participation in Psychopharmacological Interventions with Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses expanded role for psychologists and school psychologists ranging from increased knowledge about psychopharmacology to collaborative practice with prescribing physician to obtaining limited independent prescription privileges. Explores legal issues associated with such role expansion: credential concerns, malpractice liability, and record…

DeMers, Stephen T.

1994-01-01

213

Women and Leadership: A Study of Issues in Independent Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As of May 1997, 28.8 percent of the heads of schools in the National Association of Independent Schools were female. The number grew .8 percent during the previous year and has grown at a rate of 1 percent a year for the past 10 years. This document reports the findings of a research project that explored reasons for the dearth of women heads of…

Scott, Jan A.

214

The Curriculum for Children with Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulties: Current Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a school-based curriculum for children with profound and multiple learning difficulties in community schools. Considers issues which schools will face as the children are integrated into the community. (RJC)

Carpenter, Barry

1989-01-01

215

The Japanese Middle Schools: A Reflection on Practices, Issues and Trends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses practices, issues, and trends in Japanese middle school education that have bearing on U.S. education, grouping them into four categories. Section 1, "School Reform," discusses central control of education, opportunities for student creativity, improved teacher education, and the examination system. Section 2,…

Whitman, Nancy C.

216

Closing the Gender Gap? Issues of gender equity in English secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Issues of gender equity in English secondary schools over the last decade have been dominated by a concern with the “under-achievement” of boys, implicitly acknowledging the apparent success of strategies developed in schools in previous decades to improve equality of opportunity for girls. This paper presents evidence to challenge this interpretation of the debate, arguing that policy-makers need to engage

Mike Younger; Molly Warrington

2007-01-01

217

Editorial: Introduction to the Special Issue from the Royal School of Library and Information Science, Denmark.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Royal School of Library and Information Science (Denmark), whose faculty has conducted research in library and information science since the early 1980s. Discusses the school's size and objectives, and explains that articles included in this issue present different facets of information science in an international context. (LRW)

Ingwersen, Peter

2000-01-01

218

False Impression: How a Widely Cited Study Vastly Overstates the Benefits of Charter Schools. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue brief focuses on one particular report, released in September 2009, that has been widely cited by charter school advocates because it appears to show remarkable results. In the report, "How New York City's Charter Schools Affect Achievement," Stanford University professor Caroline Hoxby and her colleagues Sonali Murarka and Jenny Kang…

Basile, Marco

2010-01-01

219

Measurement and Evaluation of School Crisis Prevention and Intervention: Introduction to Special Issue  

Microsoft Academic Search

The field of school crisis prevention and intervention, particularly in the area of violence, has made notable advances in the past decade. This introduction to the special issue of Journal of School Violence first reviews some of the advances in understanding violence within a prevention science framework. Second, the translation of this knowledge into action through developing interventions and examining

Amanda B. Nickerson; Stephen E. Brock

2011-01-01

220

Urban versus Suburban Public Schools: Resolving the Issue of Racial Inequality in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to address a possible solution to the racial inequality in urban versus suburban public schools. It also addresses the stereotyping and racial bias associated with this issue. Students enrolled in the urban school districts are predominantly African American and are found to be at an educational disadvantage compared…

Batts, Pamela L.

2012-01-01

221

Great Lakes Environmental Issues. Earth Systems - Education Activities for Great Lakes Schools (ES-EAGLS).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity book is part of a series designed to take a concept or idea from the existing school curriculum and develop it in the context of the Great Lakes using teaching approaches and materials appropriate for students in middle and high school. The subject of this book is environmental issues in the Great Lakes. Students learn about the…

Sheaffer, Amy L., Ed.

222

Bright Ideas That Work: A Booklet of School Programs That Impact Minority and Equity Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory describes 25 innovative programs, in the public schools of North Carolina, which impact minority and equity issues. The following information is supplied for each program: (1) contact person; (2) grade level; (3) purpose; and (4) nature and scope. The following programs are located in the Charlotte-Mecklenberg Schools: (1) After…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Desegregation Assistance.

223

Conflicts of Ethos: Issues of Equity and Diversity in Faith-Based Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent rise in the number of faith-based schools in Britain creates some interesting issues. On the one hand it is clear that the government, and certainly former Prime Minister Tony Blair, perceives such schools as contributing not only to choice and diversity but also to the raising of educational standards. This appears to be because of an…

McNamara, Gerry; Norman, James

2010-01-01

224

School Finance Reform: Analysis of the Ballot and Statutory Reform Proposals. Issue Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On December 24, 1994, the Michigan State Legislature passed a comprehensive school finance reform package for the K-12 education system. This document analyzes the school finance reform package and presents a comprehensive review of the issues affected by the proposed reforms. The first section reviews the overall financial components of the…

Michigan State Legislature, Lansing, Senate Fiscal Agency.

225

Legal Issues in Educational Technology: Implications for School Leaders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses several legal issues involving the use of educational technology: Freedom of speech, regulation of Internet material harmful to minors, student-developed Web pages, harassment and hostile work environment, staff and student privacy, special education, plagiarism, and copyright issues. Includes recommendations for addressing technology…

Quinn, David M.

2003-01-01

226

A Case Study of Environmental, Health and Safety Issues Involving the Burlington, Massachusetts Public School System. "Tips, Suggestions, and Resources for Investigating and Resolving EHS Issues in Schools."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An investigation was initiated concerning the environmental health within the Burlington, Massachusetts public school system to determine what specific environmental hazards were present and determine ways of eliminating them. This report presents 20 case studies that detail the environmental health issues involved, the approaches taken in…

Dresser, Todd H.

227

Beyond Academics: Challenging Issues Facing Community College Non-Academic Support Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research focused on identifying and exploring the significant current and emerging community college non-academic support service issues. These auxiliary services, not unlike academic or student affairs, support the community college mission and vision as well as students' academic success. Since December 2007, Americans have been…

Mitchell, Judith Lynn

2012-01-01

228

The scientific and technical issues facing post-1987 ozone control strategies  

SciTech Connect

This book contains the proceedings of a conference on ozone control strategies. The subjects covered include volatile organic carbon (VOC) control strategies including low solvent coating, add-on control techniques and monitoring for compliance. Many of the papers deal with the scientific aspects of the issue which included: chemical mechanisms, urban-and regional-scale modeling, field studies and data analysis.

Wolff, G.T. (General Motors Research Labs., Warren, MI (USA)); Hanisch, J.L.; Schere, K. (Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (USA))

1988-01-01

229

Who's on the Line? Gauging the Most Pressing Issues Facing Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

d the Knight Collaborative. Drawing on the experience garnered by those organizations over the last two decades, The Learning Alliance is becoming higher education's decisionmaking hot line for higher education executives--a number they can call to work through their most pressing problems. This issue of The Landscape draws upon the substance of…

Change, 2005

2005-01-01

230

Schooling in modern Europe exploring major issues and their ramifications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Basing its arguments on a major study conducted on behalf of the Academia Europaea by a study group coordinated by the author, this paper sets out a number of important findings concerning problems besetting schooling in modern Europe. The paper begins by stressing the importance of studying the state of European education at a particularly significant time when major political changes are taking place, trade and labour markets are in a process of rapid integration, schools as institutions are becoming increasingly complex and there is a need to establish a new European identity and consciousness. The main questions examined, against the current background of industrialization, urbanization, changing demography and growing European integration, are those relating particularly to educational response to growing international competition and the consequences of changing family structure. Among problems considered are those arising from the changing capacity of schools to provide a substitute for the family and other influences in modern society at a time when, for various reasons, these are declining and schooling is generally being prolonged. Priority areas proposed for school education in the new circumstances include the promotion of European citizenship, the teaching of foreign languages to all, a preparation for working life geared to its rapidly changing structure and the expansion of appropriate scientific and technological education. The need to find solutions to the problems of educating immigrant groups and to develop evaluation systems in order to monitor quality maintenance are particularly highlighted.

Husén, Torsten

1993-11-01

231

Delivering School-Based Mental Health Services by School Psychologists: Education, Training, and Ethical Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consistent with the priority goals of the 2002 Future of School Psychology Conference, the National Association of School Psychologists' "Blueprint for Training and Practice III" advocates for school psychologists becoming "leading mental health experts in schools." In this regard, the present article reviews the prevalence and incidence of…

Perfect, Michelle M.; Morris, Richard J.

2011-01-01

232

Proceedings Meeting Capital, Financial and Organizational Issues Facing Health Care Organization in the 1980's Held at Washington, DC. on July 8-9, 1982.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Capital, financial, organizational issues facing health care organizations in the 1980s - introduction; Capital structure, planning, and sources of finance capital; Historical trends and prospects for the 1980s; Proprietaries, multi-systems, non...

1982-01-01

233

Does Organic Farming Face Distinctive Livestock Welfare Issues? – A Conceptual Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent development and growth oforganic livestock farming and the relateddevelopment of national and internationalregulations has fueled discussions amongscientists and philosophers concerning theproper conceptualization of animal welfare.These discussions on livestock welfare inorganic farming draw on the conventionaldiscussions and disputes on animal welfare thatinvolve issues such as different definitions ofwelfare (clinical health, absence of suffering,sum of positive and negative experiences,etc.), the

Hugo Fjelsted Alrøe; Mette Vaarst; Erik Steen Kristensen

2001-01-01

234

Alternative Schools Serving Students with and without Disabilities: What Are the Current Issues and Challenges?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from a current study, this article identifies critical issues and challenges for alternative educators and administrators. It contains a list of questions that can be used to identify and address key issues in alternative settings in order to promote successful school experiences for students with and without disabilities. (Contains…

Lehr, Camilla A.; Lange, Cheryl M.

2003-01-01

235

The Impact of Debt Limitations and Referenda Requirements on the Cost of School District Bond Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One distinction between the markets for corporate and municipal bonds involves institutional constraints that apply to some municipal bond issues. This research focuses on how public finance institutions, in particular explicit debt limits and referenda requirements, affect the borrowing cost of individual school district bond issues. The…

Harris, Mary H.; Munley, Vincent G.

2011-01-01

236

Ethical Issues in Providing Services in Schools to Children with Swallowing and Feeding Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article is a commentary and discussion of ethical issues in dysphagia services as related to school-based practice in speech-language pathology. Method: A review of the literature on ethical issues in the provision of speech-language pathology services to individuals with dysphagia was conducted, with particular emphasis on students…

Huffman, Nancy P.; Owre, DeAnne W.

2008-01-01

237

Virtual Schools and E-Learning in K-12 Environments: Emerging Policy and Practice. Policy Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent growth in national attention directed toward online courses and virtual schools underscores the importance of e-learning policy and online learning practices. In response to these needs, this edition of "Policy Issues" aims to: summarize the critical e-learning issues related to education policy; provide an overview of what works, based on…

Blomeyer, Robert

238

Awareness of Societal Issues among High School Biology Teachers Teaching Genetics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate how aware high school biology teachers are of societal issues (values, moral, ethic, and legal issues) while teaching genetics, genetics engineering, molecular genetics, human heredity, and evolution. The study includes a short historical review of World War II atrocities during the Holocaust when…

Lazarowitz, Reuven; Bloch, Ilit

2005-01-01

239

The Problem of Catholic School Teachers Deferring to the Home on Controversial Religious Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper observes that an ironic tension occurs in the discussion of controversial issues in some Catholic schools. One technique that teachers use in response to student disagreement with the official Church view on a controversial issue like contraception, homosexuality, or female ordination is to present Church teaching but then suggest that…

McDonough, Graham P.

2010-01-01

240

School Vouchers and Privatization: A Reference Handbook. Contemporary Education Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book looks at the privatization of education as an ideological construct. In exploring and assessing the concept of privatized education, it focuses on the debate over private choice and school vouchers. It also looks at the development of private curriculums and educational materials created by corporations, various scholarship-funding…

Weil, Danny

241

Liability Issues of Using Volunteers in Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School districts must properly manage volunteers to protect children from negligent behavior. Districts can reduce the risk of using volunteers by developing volunteer-management policies and procedures; maintaining adequate liability insurance; developing descriptions of volunteer responsibilities; screening interested persons; and providing…

Harshfield, James B.

1996-01-01

242

Accommodations for Students with Disabilities in High School. Issue Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This briefing paper discusses academic accommodations for high school students with disabilities. It begins by reviewing provisions under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act that require Individualized Education Programs to include a statement of the program modifications or supports that will be provided for the child to enable the…

Thurlow, Martha

243

Consumer Education for High School Students. Trends and Issues Alerts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys have established that high school students are highly deficient in knowledge regarding basic topics typically covered in consumer education classes, such as economics, personal finance, and consumer rights and responsibilities. The following are among the current trends that have underscored the need for secondary consumer education: the…

Kerka, Sandra

244

Leadership Development and School Improvement: Contemporary Issues in Leadership Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is great interest in educational leadership in the early part of the twenty-first century. This is because of the widespread belief that the quality of leadership makes a significant difference to school and student outcomes. In many parts of the world, including both developed and developing countries, there is increasing recognition that…

Bush, Tony

2009-01-01

245

Introducing High School Biology Students to Argumentation about Socioscientific Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to determine whether teaching argumentation to high school biology students improved their argumentation skills, informal reasoning, and genetics understanding. Using a quasi-experiment with mixed methods of data collection, five teachers participated in professional learning on argumentation and socioscientific…

Dawson, Vaille; Venville, Grady

2013-01-01

246

The High School Leadership Summit. Issue Papers, 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The U.S. Department of Education 2004 National High School Summit took place December 2-3, 2004, in Washington, D.C. Nearly 1000 individuals participated-educators, policymakers, business leaders, and government officials. The event built on the work the Office of Vocational and Adult Education (OVAE) had done with states over the prior year and…

US Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

247

Public School Transportation: State Aid and Current Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter of "Principles of School Business Management" focuses on financing and managing transportation services for average and exceptional students. The chapter opens with a brief overview of the history of the development of transportation services and public responsibility for their provision. Current state funding models used to support…

Anthony, Patricia; Inman, Deborah

248

Investigation of noise issues at U-Hill Elementary School  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

University Hill Elementary School (U-Hill) has a reputation amongst its teachers, staff and parents as being a noisy school. The present work is an assessment of the acoustical environment at U-Hill with a focus on evaluating how various noise sources contribute to the total noise levels measured in four classrooms. A questionnaire was completed by several of U-Hill's teachers to determine their reactions to the school's acoustical environments and what they perceived to be the prevalent noise sources. Standard physical measurements of classroom background noise and reverberation time were made and compared to existing acceptability criteria. Measurements of sound propagation and transmission were made to determine how noise propagates in the hallway, as well as into and between adjacent learning spaces, and the effect of open doors and door grates. Dosimeters were used to monitor sound levels at various hallway source locations and received in the four classrooms studied. Octave-band measurements of typical noise-source levels, such as children walking in the hallways and entering through school doors were made. The measurement data was used to estimate the contributions to total noise levels in the four classrooms of the various noise sources inside and outside the classrooms.

York, Natalie; Hodgson, Murray

2005-04-01

249

Constructing Ability Groups in the Secondary School: Issues in Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines grouping practices in 45 secondary schools in England based on information provided by curriculum managers and department heads about allocation procedures, factors affecting the size and number of student groups, movement between groups, pressures and constraints on movement, and behavioral and motivational factors. Finds wide variety of…

Ireson, Judith; Clark, Helen; Hallam, Susan

2002-01-01

250

Student Spirituality and School Counseling: Issues, Opportunities, and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the professional school counseling community is introduced to the value of addressing student spirituality as a way to foster personal and social growth. Prior to discussing the robust theoretical and research foundation for this endeavor, 3 workable definitional strands of spirituality are summarized and applied to educational…

Sink, Christopher A.; Devlin, James M.

2011-01-01

251

Key Issue: Recruiting Teachers for Urban and Rural Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher shortages are essentially a problem of distribution (Darling-Hammond, 2001; Ingersoll, 2001; National Association of State Boards of Education, 1998; Olson, 2000; Reeves, 2003; Voke, 2002). According to recent studies, hardest to find are teachers who are both qualified and willing to teach in hard-to-staff schools, which included those in…

Hayes, Kathleen

2009-01-01

252

Issue Brief: Community College and High School Partnerships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this Brief, the authors focus on partnerships between community colleges and high schools that may make it more likely for students to complete "three important milestones" on the road to college completion: (1) Enrollment in college; (2) College readiness at enrollment; and (3) Persistence in college. There is a broad range of goals and…

Barnett, Elisabeth; Hughes, Katherine

2010-01-01

253

Segregated Schools in Segregated Societies: Issues of Safety and Risk  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In segregated societies such as Northern Ireland, schools may become sites of risk rather than sites of learning. This is particularly likely to be the case in interface areas, which are demarcated by peace-lines and other symbolic boundaries. Drawing on maps and focus group discussions with teenagers from interface areas in North Belfast, the…

Leonard, Madeleine

2006-01-01

254

Primary School Teachers' Understanding of Environmental Issues: An Interview Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses in-depth interviews to explore the understanding of a non-random sample of 12 practicing primary school teachers in four areas: (1) biodiversity; (2) the carbon cycle; (3) ozone; and (4) global warming. Identifies those underpinning science concepts that were well understood, and those which were not so well understood. (Author/SAH)

Summers, Mike; Kruger, Colin; Childs, Ann; Mant, Jenny

2000-01-01

255

Getting beyond the Facts: Reforming California School Finance. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California's school finance system is long overdue for reform. The authors propose a new system that is more rational, more equitable, and, they believe, politically feasible. At its core, their proposal aims to link district revenue to student needs and regional costs while ensuring that all districts are held harmless at current funding levels.…

Bersin, Alan; Kirst, Michael W.; Liu, Goodwin

2008-01-01

256

What Should Schools Teach? Issues of Process and Content.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When discussing what schools should teach, questions of both content and process must be addressed. Although many observers believe that a fixed content should be learned, it is impossible to separate content and process. In the process of education, experiences build on each other. This fact should cause educators to question the continuities…

Perrone, Vito

1988-01-01

257

Sampling and coverage issues of telephone surveys used for collecting health information in Australia: results from a face-to-face survey from 1999 to 2008  

PubMed Central

Background To examine the trend of "mobile only" households, and households that have a mobile phone or landline telephone listed in the telephone directory, and to describe these groups by various socio-demographic and health indicators. Method Representative face-to-face population health surveys of South Australians, aged 15 years and over, were conducted in 1999, 2004, 2006, 2007 and 2008 (n = 14285, response rates = 51.9% to 70.6%). Self-reported information on mobile phone ownership and usage (1999 to 2008) and listings in White Pages telephone directory (2006 to 2008), and landline telephone connection and listings in the White Pages (1999 to 2008), was provided by participants. Additional information was collected on self-reported health conditions and health-related risk behaviours. Results Mobile only households have been steadily increasing from 1.4% in 1999 to 8.7% in 2008. In terms of sampling frame for telephone surveys, 68.7% of South Australian households in 2008 had at least a mobile phone or landline telephone listed in the White Pages (73.8% in 2006; 71.5% in 2007). The proportion of mobile only households was highest among young people, unemployed, people who were separated, divorced or never married, low income households, low SES areas, rural areas, current smokers, current asthma or people in the normal weight range. The proportion with landlines or mobiles telephone numbers listed in the White Pages telephone directory was highest among older people, married or in a defacto relationship or widowed, low SES areas, rural areas, people classified as overweight, or those diagnosed with arthritis or osteoporosis. Conclusion The rate of mobile only households has been increasing in Australia and is following worldwide trends, but has not reached the high levels seen internationally (12% to 52%). In general, the impact of mobile telephones on current sampling frames (exclusion or non-listing of mobile only households or not listed in the White Pages directory) may have a low impact on health estimates obtained using telephone surveys. However, researchers need to be aware that mobile only households are distinctly different to households with a landline connection, and the increase in the number of mobile-only households is not uniform across all groups in the community. Listing in the White Pages directory continues to decrease and only a small proportion of mobile only households are listed. Researchers need to be aware of these telephone sampling issues when considering telephone surveys.

2010-01-01

258

Charter Schools: New Charter Schools Across the Country and in the District of Columbia Face Similar Start-Up Challenges.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As of the 2002-2003 school year, nearly 2,700 charter schools operated in 36 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Charter schools are public schools that are exempt from certain state and local regulations in exchange for agreeing to certain...

2003-01-01

259

Noise in Schools: A Holistic Approach to the Issue  

PubMed Central

Much of the research evidence relating to the physical learning environment of schools is inconclusive, contradictory or incomplete. Nevertheless, within this confusing area, research from a number of disciplines, using a range of methodologies, points to the negative impact of noise on students’ learning. In this paper, drawing on our systematic review of learning environments we review the weight of evidence in relation to noise, considering what implications the results of these studies have for the design and use of learning spaces in schools. We make four key points. Firstly that noise over a given level does appear to have a negative impact on learning. Secondly that beneath these levels noise may or may not be problematic, depending on the social, cultural and pedagogical expectations of the students and teachers. Thirdly we argue that when noise is deemed to be a difficulty, this finding cannot simply be translated into design prescriptions. The reasons for this indeterminacy include differing understandings of the routes through which noise produces learning deficits, as well as relationships between noise and other elements of the environment, particularly the impacts of physical solutions to noise problems. Finally, we suggest that solutions to noise problems will not be produced by viewing noise in isolation, or even as part of the physical environment, but through participatory approaches to understanding and adapting the structure, organisation and use of learning spaces in schools.

Woolner, Pamela; Hall, Elaine

2010-01-01

260

Anti-racist pedagogy: challenges faced by faculty of color in predominantly white schools of nursing.  

PubMed

Despite the significant effects of systems of oppression on health, nursing education tends not to include anti-racist pedagogy in its curricula, preferring instead to focus more narrowly on culture. This narrow focus allows nurses to depoliticize discussions of race and other social differences, largely ignoring the influence that systems of oppression, imperialism, and historical trauma have had on health in marginalized populations. In contrast, anti-racist pedagogy educates students in ways that make racialized power relations explicit, deconstruct the social construction of race, and analyze interlocking systems of oppression that serve to marginalize and exclude some groups while privileging others. This article describes anti-racist pedagogy from the perspective of a faculty member of color, drawing on personal experience and a review of the anti-racist pedagogical literature. Specifically, this article highlights some of the personal and professional challenges faced by faculty of color when engaged in anti-racist pedagogy in predominantly white schools of nursing. PMID:16863105

Hassouneh, Dena

2006-07-01

261

Issues regarding In-School Suspensions and High School Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examined the effectiveness of in-school suspension (ISS) with high-school students who are protected under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The accepted purpose of ISS is to remove disruptive students from the classroom, thus giving these students the benefit of remaining in school where they can continue to work…

Dickinson, Mark C.; Miller, Ted L.

2006-01-01

262

Psychological risks associated with appearance-altering procedures: issues "facing" cosmetic surgery.  

PubMed

There is a dynamic and fluid relationship between cosmetic surgery and psychology that requires careful and constant attention from the surgeon. Surgeons all desire a "short and sweet" checklist evaluation that tells them if it is safe for the patient to undergo an elective surgical procedure. Obviously, this is wishful thinking. It is asking too much for surgeons to be able to quantify the overall psychological risk. Rather, they should objectively screen, review, and evaluate as many of the variables as possible. These include but are not limited to the surgical issue, the personality of the patient, the patient's family and/or relationships, and the overall context of the situation. Surgeons should also reflect on both their technical expertise and limitations and the patient's personal resiliency. PMID:20970709

Ricci, Walter F; Prstojevich, Steven J; Langley, Harriet S; Hlavacek, Matthew R

2010-11-01

263

High School Chemistry and Physics: Supply and Equipment Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is virtually universal agreement on the need to strengthen science education at all levels in Ohio. Not only must the state be able to produce more and better scientists, but it is increasingly important for all citizens to become knowledgeable about scientific issues and analysis. This report presents the conclusions and recommendations…

Ohio State Legislative Office of Education Oversight, Columbus.

264

The Pregnant Adolescent: Counseling Issues in School Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies and discusses key counseling issues surrounding pregnant younger teens (under age 15). Urges sex education programs for young teens be established. Suggests other strategies which include involving the girl's sexual partner in counseling and increasing community awareness and involvement. (JAC)

Smith, Peggy B.

1981-01-01

265

What's New in USDA's Food Distribution Program for Schools? School Programs USDA Foods Update. Volume 14, Issue 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an update on all the new products and projects that U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) has been working on, in its effort to help schools meet the nutritional needs of the students and to help in the President's challenge to End Childhood Hunger by 2015. This issue includes: (1) Back to…

US Department of Agriculture, 2009

2009-01-01

266

National Association of School Nurses ISSUE BRIEF: School Health Nurse's Role in Education: Privacy Standards for Student Health Records  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a reprint of the National Association of School Nurses' "Issue Brief" on Privacy Standards for Student Health Records. It distinguishes between the Family Education Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HI-PAA), clarifies which of these laws governs the privacy of student health…

Pohlman, Katherine; Schwab, Nadine

2003-01-01

267

Changing Schools for Urban Students: The School Development Program, Accelerated Schools, and Success for All. Trends and Issues No. 18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper highlights three models for implementing local restructuring of schools: James Comer's School Development Program; Robert Slavin's Success for All; and Henry Levin's Accelerated Schools. These models have been among the more popular models for restructuring schools in poor, predominantly minority neighborhoods with traditionally…

Ascher, Carol

268

District of Columbia: D.C. Public Schools' Modernization Program Faces Major Challenges. Testimony before the Subcommittee on the District of Columbia, Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Congressional testimony focuses on the challenges faced by the District of Columbia in modernizing its public schools. Specifically, it addresses: (1) increases in the cost of modernizing the schools; (2) delays in completing the schools; (3) quality inspection problems; and (4) concerns about managing asbestos hazards. The testimony…

Cooper, David E.

269

A state association surveys school nurses to identify current issues and role characteristics.  

PubMed

A state association of school nurses conducted a statewide survey, collaborating with university nursing faculty to secure necessary resources and research expertise. A questionnaire, including demographic, employment, and practice characteristics, was mailed to 340 school nurses in Michigan. The response rate was 49%. Findings demonstrated the complex, multiple roles and responsibilities of school nurses. Two strengths identified were memberships in professional organizations and employer support for continuing education. Issues identified included educational preparation below the recommended baccalaureate level, lack of differentiation in practice based on education, and certification through non-competency-based processes. Isolation and supervision/evaluation by non-nurses were pervasive themes. Findings are relevant for school nurses across the country. Results have been used both locally and at the state level in employer negotiations, with legislators for educational purposes, and in policy development. Strategies for addressing the identified issues are explored, including those facilitated through an association-university collaboration. PMID:10818876

Periard, M E; Knecht, L D; Birchmeier, N

1999-10-01

270

Commissioning School Construction Projects. IssueTrak: A CEFPI Brief on Educational Facility Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "IssueTrak" discusses an increasing interest in verifying the installation and performance of building systems prior to delivery and final acceptance by the building owner. This interest in quality assurance has spawned a new and distinct professional construction discipline referred to as building commissioning. The principal objective of…

Keithly, Peter

2005-01-01

271

Public School Revitalisation in Detroit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Too many children and not enough schools was once the issue facing urban school districts across the United States at the turn of the twentieth century. The rise of industrialisation and the subsequent influx of workers and immigrants overwhelmed urban areas and school planners alike, with everyone demanding access to public schools. However, a…

Cave, Christin

2010-01-01

272

Legal Issues in School Health Services and School Psychology: Guidelines for the Administration of Medication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of psychoactive medications to augment behavioral and psychosocial interventions in schools has significantly increased within the last few decades. Yet, advising, administrating, and supervising the dispensation of medication (including psychostimulants and psychoactive substances) tend to be some of the most risky tasks of school

Mazur-Mosiewicz, Anna; Pierson, Eric E.; McIntosh, David E.

2009-01-01

273

Ethical & Legal Issues in School Counseling. Chapter 4: The School Counselor and Child Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains chapter 4 (7 articles) of a collection of 35 articles primarily from American Association for Counseling and Development (AACD) publications on the most important legal and ethical topics about which all school counselors need to be informed. "School Counselors and the Reporting of Child Abuse: A Survey of State Laws and…

Camblin, Lanthan D., Jr.; And Others

274

High School Reform and High School Afterschool: A Common Purpose. Afterschool Alert. Issue Brief No. 23  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school students and those who try to educate them have a tall order to fill. High schools must help create the workforce of the future by turning out graduates who have the 21st century skills that colleges and employers demand, while overcoming the achievement gap that exists for poor and minority students and fighting social pressures such…

Afterschool Alliance, 2005

2005-01-01

275

Awareness of Societal Issues Among High School Biology Teachers Teaching Genetics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate how aware high school biology teachers are of societal issues (values, moral,\\u000a ethic, and legal issues) while teaching genetics, genetics engineering, molecular genetics, human heredity, and evolution.\\u000a The study includes a short historical review of World War II atrocities during the Holocaust when scientists from all the\\u000a above-mentioned disciplines had been involved

Reuven Lazarowitz; Ilit Bloch

2005-01-01

276

School-Based Mental Health Programs and Services: Overview and Introduction to the Special Issue  

Microsoft Academic Search

School-based mental health (SBMH) programs and services have grown progressively in the United States in the past two decades,\\u000a related in part to increased recognition of their advantages and heightened federal support. However, SBMH is an emerging\\u000a field, with many issues needing attention. This introductory article provides a context for the special issue by highlighting\\u000a the importance of increased conceptual

Carl E. Paternite

2005-01-01

277

Virtual Charter Schools: Realities and Unknowns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virtual charter schools have emerged over the last decade as an increasingly popular alternative to traditional public schooling. Unlike their face-to-face counterparts, virtual charter schools educate students through blended or entirely online curricula. They present a host of new policy issues that should be scrutinized in order to ensure that…

Torre, Daniela

2013-01-01

278

Are We Preparing Special Educators for the Issues Facing Schools in the 1990s?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature on teen sexuality, human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), drug abuse, and homelessness is reviewed as it relates to students with special needs. A survey of 258 special education teacher preparation programs revealed wide variability in the coverage that these programs were providing on these…

May, Deborah; And Others

1994-01-01

279

Reflecting on Our Loss: Grieving and Learning Together--A School Community Faces Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors work in a seventh and eighth grade middle school in a suburb of Chicago. At their school, they have built a community of learners in which they share a deep commitment to a progressive, child-centered approach to education. As stated in their district's philosophy document, they believe that "a school must be a place where cooperation,…

Bachta, Linda; Schwartz, Dan

2007-01-01

280

School Expulsions, Suspensions, and Dropouts: Understanding the Issues. Hot Topics Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers examines the causal and contextual issues surrounding the emerging rash of student expulsions, suspensions, and dropouts; discusses legal restrictions that school personnel must consider when establishing and implementing student codes of conduct; and presents promising programs and practices to reduce the number of…

Gallegos, Arnold, Ed.

281

The Church, the State and the Schools: Contemporary Issues in Law and Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph analyzes contemporary legal controversies concerning religion, the states, and the schools and the interface between law and education. The introduction provides an overview of issues treated in the following seven chapters and includes a series of tables that place recent controversies in the historical context of prior U.S.…

Vergon, Charles B., Ed.

282

Methodological Issues in Evaluation Research: The Milwaukee School Choice Plan. Occasional Paper 96-4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In August 1996 Jay P. Greene, Paul E. Peterson, and Jiangtao Du, with Leesa Boeger and Curtis L. Frazier, issued a report called "The Effectiveness of School Choice in Milwaukee." The report, referred to as GPDBF, presented data that indicated that low-income minority students in their third and fourth years of participation in the Milwaukee…

Greene, Jay P.; Peterson, Paul E.

283

Biology Teachers' Struggle with the Issue of Fairness in a School-Based Assessment Scheme.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This interpretive study of the implementation of a school-based assessment scheme of biology practical work in Hong Kong examines the struggles of three teachers with the issue of fairness in relation to their classroom actions. Though the teachers' discourses were dominated by, and their classroom actions were pre-eminently influenced by, the…

Yung, Benny Hin-Wai

284

Constitutional Amendment A: Prohibit Property Taxes for School Funding. Issue Memorandum 98-13.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue memorandum describes Constitutional Amendment A, an initiative in South Dakota that, if approved, would prohibit taxation of real property for school purposes. The report provides background information on Constitutional Amendment A, which reads as follows: "The legislature shall make such provision by general taxation as with the…

Becker, David

285

Estimating College Enrollment Rates for Virginia Public High School Graduates. Issues & Answers. REL 2011-No. 104  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the National Student Clearinghouse and the Virginia Department of Education, this report examines college enrollment rates overall and by student academic and demographic characteristics for the Virginia public high school class of 2008. College enrollment is an issue of national concern. And many states, including Virginia, use…

Holian, Laura; Mokher, Christine

2011-01-01

286

Data and Evidence Gathering: Strategies and Challenges. School-to-Work Intermediary Project. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the inception of the School-to-Work Project in 1998, networks members have increasingly viewed credible evidence as critical to both their approaches to program improvement and their strategies for winning and sustaining support and resources. This issue brief: (1) Describes the activities Network members have pursued together during…

Kopp, Hilary

2002-01-01

287

Screening Mental Health Problems in Schools. A Center Policy Issues Analysis Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Long-standing policy controversies have heated up as a result of increasing proposals for using schools to screen for mental health problems (e.g., depression screening). This brief highlights the following issues: (1) How appropriate is large-scale screening for mental health problems? (2) Will the costs of large-scale mental health screening…

Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA, 2007

2007-01-01

288

Curriculum Issues in Secondary School Programs for Students with Mild Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper identifies curriculum and instructional issues in secondary school programs for students with mild disabilities, describes some promising lines of ongoing research, and recommends long and short term research, development, and demonstration activities for support by the federal Office of Special Education Programs. The first section…

Rieth, Herbert

289

Sexuality and the Schools: Handling the Critical Issues. the Practicing Administrator's Leadership Series. Roadmaps to Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides suggestions for handling important and emotionally charged issues of sexuality in the schools. Six chapters offer information on teenage pregnancy, HIV and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), sexual orientation, sexual harassment, and sex education. The chapters are: (1) "Introduction"; (2) "Searching for Intimacy"…

Curcio, Joan L.; And Others

290

Underperforming Schools and the Education of Vulnerable Children and Youth. Chapin Hall Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief presents findings from several Chapin Hall studies on vulnerable children and youth to raise the issue of what it would mean to improve academic achievement in underperforming schools. Vulnerable children and youth are those who experience crises or disruptions in their lives, often accompanied by parental absence or inability to meet…

Walker, Lisa; Smithgall, Cheryl

2009-01-01

291

Issues in Improving Urban Schools: Dropout Prevention, Hispanic Secondary Education, and Urban Teaching Careers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses three major issues in urban education: dropout prevention, secondary education for Hispanic Americans, and urban teaching careers. Current studies on dropping out attempt to locate the responsibility for high dropout rates in policies or practices that schools initiate and have the power to change. Findings of these studies…

Flaxman, Erwin; Riehl, Carolyn

292

Contemplating Regulation of Counsellors in Canadian Schools: Current Issues and Concerns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to current research, mental health issues are the leading health problem for Canadian children. Surveys also indicate that fewer than 25% of children are receiving care (Waddell, McEwan, Shepherd, Offord, & Hua, 2005); thus, schools play a key role in assessment, access to services, and possible referral to appropriate outside support…

Keats, Patrice A.; Laitsch, Daniel

2010-01-01

293

High School Mentors in Brief: Findings from the Big Brothers Big Sisters School-Based Mentoring Impact Study. P/PV In Brief. Issue 8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Public/Private Ventures (P/PV) In Brief" is based on "High School Students as Mentors," a report that examined the efficacy of high school mentors using data from P/PV's large-scale random assignment impact study of Big Brothers Big Sisters school-based mentoring programs. The brief presents an overview of the findings, which…

Jucovy, Linda; Herrera, Carla

2009-01-01

294

Role of Secondary Schools in the Face of Student Absenteeism: A Study of Schools in Socially Underprivileged Areas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyses the reactions to absenteeism in public secondary schools in underprivileged areas of the city of Barcelona, Spain. The data presented are part of a doctoral thesis undertaken after the implementation of the Spanish comprehensive education reform (LOGSE) and they draw attention to important differences between schools. The study…

Garcia-Gracia, Maribel

2008-01-01

295

On Becoming College Prep: Examining the Challenges Charter School Staff Members Face while Executing a School's Mission  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article draws from a case study investigating the organizational characteristics of a college preparatory charter high school and the impact of that college preparatory climate on the postsecondary plans of the school's graduating classes. Although charters provide local communities with alternatives to existing educational institutions, many…

Farmer-Hinton, Raquel L.

2006-01-01

296

Challenges Facing Boston Families: The Need for School-Age Child Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey on the need for school-age child care in Boston was conducted as part of a Parents United for Child Care (PUCC) campaign to increase the supply of child care and after-school programs for children between the ages of 5 and 14. The survey was distributed in May, 1989 to 4,913 families with elementary school children at 10 Boston Public…

Wellesley Coll., MA. Center for Research on Women.

297

Safe and Secure: Guides to Creating Safer Schools. Guide 2. School Policies and Legal Issues Supporting Safe Schools.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is a practical guide to the development and implementation of school policies that support safe schools. Section 1 provides an overview of guiding principles to keep in mind when developing policies at the district level to prevent violence. S...

K. A. Bailey

2002-01-01

298

Grading School Choice: Evaluating School Choice Programs by the Friedman Gold Standard. School Choice Issues in Depth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2004, The Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice published a report titled "Grading Vouchers: Ranking America's School Choice Programs." Its purpose was to measure every existing school choice program against the gold standard set by Milton and Rose Friedman: that the most effective way to improve K-12 education and thus ensure a stable…

Enlow, Robert C.

2008-01-01

299

Educators' Beliefs about Raising Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Issues in the Schools: The Experience in Ontario, Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the experiences of 132 LGBT and heterosexual teachers and school administrators in Ontario, Canada. Participants completed a survey that asked about their comfort addressing LGBT issues in the school setting, how safe they felt, how active they were, and their perceptions of barriers. There were few differences between the LGBT and heterosexual respondents. However, respondents whose school

Margaret S. Schneider; Anne Dimito

2008-01-01

300

Tri-P-LETS: Changing the Face of High School Computer Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 2004-2007, the University of Memphis carried out the NSF-funded Tri-P-LETS (Three P Learning Environment for Teachers and Students) project to improve local high-school computer science curricula. The project reached a total of 58 classrooms in eleven high schools emphasizing problem solving skills, programming concepts as opposed to syntax,…

Sherrell, Linda; Malasri, Kriangsiri; Mills, David; Thomas, Allen; Greer, James

2012-01-01

301

The Many Faces of School-University Collaboration: Characteristics of Successful Partnerships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to help educators entering into school-university collaborative relationships have a clearer picture of conditions that drive successful partnerships. The models described include collaboration between a university and professional development school, consultation, one-to-one collaborations, and multiple collaboration…

Ravid, Ruth, Ed.; Handler, Marianne G., Ed.

302

Tall Poppies: Bullying Behaviors Faced by Australian High-Performance School-Age Athletes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about Australian high-performance school-age athletes' experiences as victims of the tall poppy syndrome. Tall poppies are successful individuals bullied by those who are less successful in order to "normalize them." Nineteen current or previous national or international high-performance school-age athletes were…

O'Neill, Maureen; Calder, Angela; Allen, Bill

2014-01-01

303

In Search of the Authentic English Classroom: Facing the Schoolishness of School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School is sometimes framed as a place for preparing, a place for becoming college and career ready. At times this approach positions school as an important space "within" the world of college and careers, envisioned perhaps as Dewey imagined it, as a safe place to try things, a space where real work of participation in society could be done but in…

Whitney, Anne Elrod

2011-01-01

304

Using School Choice: Analyzing How Parents Access Educational Freedom. School Choice Issues in Depth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides a summary of the process parents must go through to participate in each of the nation's school choice programs, identifying problem areas in some programs. For the first time in one place, this report collects data on participation in each of the programs in current and previous years. Data are given for the number of students…

Forster, Greg

2005-01-01

305

School-to-Work Partnerships and Youth Councils. School-to-Work Intermediary Project. Issue Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) of 1998, new local institutions--youth councils--will assume responsibility for coordinating school-to-work with other youth programming and other labor force development planning and policies. They will also have responsibility for allocating resources for each labor market region. The National…

Fleegler, Robert

306

The High Cost of High School Failure in New Jersey. School Choice Issues in the State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

State and local education officials in New Jersey tout the state's high school graduation rate as the highest in the nation. At the same time, independent research indicates that 40 percent of students in Newark drop out and only half of African-American students in urban districts graduate. Meanwhile, there is increasing concern in New Jersey…

Gottlob, Brian J.

2008-01-01

307

Colleague 1990. An Annual Collection of Articles on Academic and Administrative Issues Facing Community Colleges of the State University of New York.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as a means of communicating creative ideas in community college education, this journal contains 12 articles on instructional and administrative issues facing the community colleges of the State University of New York. This collection includes the following: (1) "Egalitarian Education in an Elitist Environment," by Eduardo J. Marti; (2)…

State Univ. of New York, Albany.

308

Behind Closed Doors: School Nurses and Sexual Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School nurses can play a key role in providing sexual education in schools. However, they often face barriers from the school administration and concerned parents. Additionally, school nurses may have limited formal preparation in managing sexual health issues. This study used a descriptive qualitative method to explore the school nurses'…

Brewin, Dorothy; Koren, Ainat; Morgan, Betty; Shipley, Sara; Hardy, Rachel L.

2014-01-01

309

Exponential growth of dental schools in Chile: effects on academic, economic and workforce issues.  

PubMed

In the last 30 years, Chile has undergone noteworthy economic development and an exponential growth in the access of its population to higher education. The aim of this paper was to review the changes in academic, economic and workforce issues that occurred as a consequence of the growth in supply of undergraduate dental vacancies between 1997 and 2011. Data collected from the Consejo de Educación Superior - CES, Comisión Nacional de Acreditación - CNA, and Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas de Chile - INE included these variables: number of dental schools, school type (private or traditional, see explanation below), city where the school is located, entry vacancies, total student enrollment, admission scores, percentile rank of dentistry as a university career, tuition fees, accreditation status, and number of inhabitants. There was an exponential increase in dental schools in Chile (5 to 34) that occurred in association with the rise in tuition fees (US$ 3900 to US$ 9800), a deterioration in the academic level of dental students (650 to 550 points in admission scores) and a predicted 77.5% oversupply of dentists by 2025, according to WHO criteria. The exponential increase in dental schools in Chile brought about negative consequences, such as increasing career costs, deterioration in the academic level of dental students, and an oversupply of dentists, associated with lower incomes and possibly leading to unemployment. Additional research should be conducted to determine whether an increase in the number of dentists can improve the population's access to dental care and reduce the oral disease burden. PMID:24346044

Cartes-Velásquez, Ricardo Andrés

2013-01-01

310

Declining Counties, Declining School Enrollments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many rural areas have seen declining populations and school enrollments, which are expected to continue. Rural schools with declining enrollment face the threat of consolidation, loss of per-pupil funding, fewer instructional resources, teacher and administrator quality issues, and deteriorating school buildings. These problems are particularly…

Schwartzbeck, Terri Duggan

311

Awareness of Societal Issues Among High School Biology Teachers Teaching Genetics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to investigate how aware high school biology teachers are of societal issues (values, moral, ethic, and legal issues) while teaching genetics, genetics engineering, molecular genetics, human heredity, and evolution. The study includes a short historical review of World War II atrocities during the Holocaust when scientists from all the above-mentioned disciplines had been involved in trying to support and develop the eugenics theories. It investigates pre- and postwar theories of the eugenics movement in the United States which were implemented successfully in Germany and a literature survey of the studies of societal issues related to these subjects. The sample consisted of 30 male and female biology teachers. Enclosed are teachers' answers in favor or against including debates about societal issues in their classrooms while teaching the disciplines mentioned above. Teachers' answers were analyzed in relation to three variables: years of teaching experience, gender, and religion faith. Data were collected from questionnaires and personal interviews and analyzed according to qualitative and quantitative methods. The results show that amongst the teachers there is a medium to low level of awareness of societal issues, while mainly emphasizing scientific subjects in preparation of matriculation examinations. The majority of the teachers do not include societal issues in their teaching, but if students raise these issues, teachers claimed to address them. No differences in teachers' opinions to societal issues were found in relation to gender or religious faith. Teachers with more years of teaching experience tend to teach with a more Science, Technology, and Society (STS) approach than novice teachers. The results are discussed in relation to teachers' professional development and teaching strategies are suggested to be used in their classrooms based on a STS approach, which includes the societal issues as a main goal.

Lazarowitz, Reuven; Bloch, Ilit

2005-12-01

312

F.A.C.E. Time (Families and Communities Educating): Accommodating Newcomers in Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In American public schools refugees from overseas and Latino migrant children typically find themselves in English learning programs, usually designated as English as a Second Language (ESL), Limited English Proficiency (LEP), or English Language Learners (ELL) programs. Often, these children have received little, interrupted, or no prior…

Cairo, Aminata; Sumney, Diane; Blackman, Jill; Joyner, Katie

2012-01-01

313

Facing the Classroom Challenge: Teacher Quality and Teacher Training in California's Schools of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines what makes a high quality teacher, analyzing educators' choices of teaching methodology (teacher-centered or student-centered) and what methods are favored by the California State University (CSU) schools of education. Part 1, "Teaching Methods and the Research Evidence," describes various competing teaching methodologies and…

Izumi, Lance T.

314

Problems Facing Women Students in Schools of Medicine, Law, and Business  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An exploratory questionnaire identified some of the educational, emotional, and social problems afflicting women students in Stanford University's schools of medicine, law, and business. Various methods for combatting these stresses were developed by the Office of the Dean for Women Students in cooperation with the female students themselves. (MJB)

Kaplan, Leah H.; Pao, Jane

1977-01-01

315

Are Schools Getting Tongue-Tied? ESL Programs Face New Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Spanish-speaking students, but the ESL map is undergoing a dramatic transformation that is challenging K12 schools to cope with a burgeoning number of different native languages--more than 100 in some locations--as new immigrants arrive in districts across the country. The number…

Schachter, Ron

2013-01-01

316

School Voices: Challenges Facing Education Systems after Identity-Based Conflicts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We describe our research on the role of education in the social reconstruction of countries after mass conflict. Our studies focus on the voices of those least heard in the discourse--teachers, students, administrators and parents. We examine schools in four societies that experienced profound violence, ethnic cleansing and genocide during the…

Weinstein, Harvey M.; Freedman, Sarah Warshauer; Hughson, Holly

2007-01-01

317

Methodological Issues in Investigations of the Relative Effects of Schooling and Age on School Performance: The Between-Grade Regression Discontinuity Design Applied to Swedish TIMSS 1995 Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of the study was to examine methodological issues in investigations of the relative effects of schooling and age on school performance. One means of separating these 2 effects involves the use of a between-grade regression discontinuity approach. However, amongst other things, this approach is based on assumptions concerning…

Cliffordson, Christina

2010-01-01

318

School Reform and Related Issues. Proceedings of the Conference of the University Urban Schools National Task Force (5th, Palm Beach, Florida, November 11-12, 1983).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The theme of the conference reported on here was school reform and related issues. An introductory statement, "Thoughts on School Reform," by Jerome Bruner, and a list of conference participants are followed by a group of papers on education and politics. The papers are "Reform and Partnership in Education," by Albert Shanker; "Mandating…

Bossone, Richard M., Ed.; Polishook, Irwin, Ed.

319

Investigating the Attitudes of Elementary School Teachers, School Psychologists and Guidance Research Center Personnel on the Process of Preparing the Individualized Educational Program and Challenges Faced during the Related Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to analyze the attitudes of elementary school teachers, school psychologists and guidance research center personnel regarding developing an individualized educational program (IEP) process as well as challenges faced during the related process, according to several variables. The study included 201 participants who were working in…

Tike Bafra, Leyla; Kargin, Tevhide

2009-01-01

320

Clinical practice of medical school faculties: an AAMC survey of problems and issues.  

PubMed

This study reports the results of a survey by the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) to identify the salient problems and issues regarding medical school faculty clinical practice in the views of faculty members and administrators in academic medical centers. The population surveyed consisted of university vice-presidents for health affairs, teaching hospital directors, and medical school deans, department chairmen, and faculty representatives. A content analysis of the narrative responses revealed that the apportionment of faculty time to create the appropriate institutional balance among teaching, research, and service missions was the most frequently mentioned concern. Other dominant themes included threats to the patient base needed for teaching and research and/or to future income posed by the new competitive and reimbursement environment and changes required in modes of faculty practice to respond to the new environment. The latter included the need for organizing practice activities into a "true group practice," a change that would accommodate growing demands of purchasers for integrated systems of care. Hospital directors were particularly concerned with issues of faculty-hospital relationships. Results of the survey provide an agenda for a recently formed AAMC ad hoc Committee on Faculty Practice, which will propose initiatives by the AAMC to assist its member institutions in responding to the issues raised. PMID:4068014

Jones, R F; Mirsky, M F; Keyes, J A

1985-12-01

321

A Study of Parent Involvement Issues of Disabled Students from the School Administrators and Regular Classroom Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to obtain experts' opinions on parent involvement issues of disabled students from the school administrators and regular classroom teachers. There were 39 experts consisted: (1) 8 researchers on parent involvement field; (2) 12 professors took on parent involvement subjects in university; (3) 3 school administrators and 15 regular cl assroom teachers; and (4) 1

Shu-Jou Sun

322

School Psychology Publishing Contributions to the Advancement of Knowledge, Science, and Its Application: An Introduction to the Themed Issue  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This introductory article briefly reviews the studies and commentaries making up this themed issue on the process and products of professional publications in school psychology. Each article highlights important considerations for advancing scholarly scientific publishing in the field of school psychology. A case is made that enhancing the quality…

Eckert, Tanya L.; Hintze, John M.

2011-01-01

323

Educators' Beliefs about Raising Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Issues in the Schools: The Experience in Ontario, Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the experiences of 132 LGBT and heterosexual teachers and school administrators in Ontario, Canada. Participants completed a survey that asked about their comfort addressing LGBT issues in the school setting, how safe they felt, how active they were, and their perceptions of barriers. There were few differences between the…

Schneider, Margaret; Dimito, Anne

2008-01-01

324

Microcomputers in Special Education: Organizational Issues. Microcomputers in the Schools--Implementation in Special Education. Information Product Number One.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report summarized findings from a study of organizational issues involved in the use of microcomputers in special education programs in 12 school districts. Background of the study and details on site selection were given. Features of the selected districts (urbanicity, number of schools, enrollment, predominant ethnicity, and number of…

Hanley, Tom V.

325

Attitudes toward Ethical Issues: A Survey of U.K. Reference Librarians and Schools of Librarianship and Information Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the results of a survey of academic reference librarians, library schools, and professional associations for information professionals in the United Kingdom that examined ethical issues in academic reference librarians' work, how professional associations relate to these matters, and how well library schools are preparing information…

Lonsdale, Dale; Oppenheim, Charles

1995-01-01

326

Team Teaching School Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graduate students preparing themselves for a career in school administration are typically apprehensive about the legal issues they will face in their first administrative position. After teaching school law for the first time, the author believed that there had to be a more effective way to reach these students rather than the traditional methods…

Vanko, John G.; Rogina, Raymond P.

2005-01-01

327

From Silence to Safety and Beyond: Historical Trends in Addressing Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender Issues in K-12 Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to provide an historical overview of changing perspectives in education practice and literature on addressing lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) issues in public K-12 schools. This article describes how the presentation and analysis of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender issues in the past 80 years have…

Griffin, Pat; Ouellett, Mathew

2003-01-01

328

Citizenship Education and Socioscientific Issues: Implicit Concept of Citizenship in the Curriculum, Views of French Middle School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educative goal of citizenship education through science education converges to the declared purpose of the SSI research movement. Socioscientific issues formulated in science education research covering topics as biotechnology, environmental issues, sustainable development, energy choices, have been introduced in French Middle Schools. But…

Barrue, Catherine; Albe, Virginie

2013-01-01

329

"There's a Problem, and We've Got to Face It": How Staff Members Wrestled with Race in an Urban High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators who initiate school reform work often find that attempts to raise student achievement and change school culture are derailed when staff members refuse to address issues of race. At the same time, staff members who collectively resist engaging in discussions of racism and racial inequality may be actively involved in their own individual…

Buehler, Jennifer

2013-01-01

330

School Social Workers' Perceptions of Graduate Education Preparation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the perceptions of school social workers' (SSWers') graduate education training on contemporary issues facing students in schools as well as issues related to this host practice setting. SSWers who completed a specific school social work program were compared with those who did not on perceived graduate education preparation…

Slovak, Karen; Joseph, Alfred Louis, Jr.; Broussard, Anne

2006-01-01

331

Attitude of medical school students in China towards genetic testing and counseling issues in FXS.  

PubMed

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common form of inherited intellectual disability. However, genetic testing protocols and genetic counseling guidelines for FXS are not yet established in mainland China. In the present study, we conducted a comprehensive analysis using a self-administered questionnaire among students at the Xiangya medical school to investigate their attitude towards genetic testing and counseling issues of FXS. We have gained a general understanding of the attitudes of medical students towards these FXS issues in China. This information is of immense importance to develop appropriate genetic tests and to train counselors for FXS. As the medical school students surveyed are prospective physicians who will be a part of the Chinese health system, our survey was focused on the basic knowledge of FXS, population-based FXS screening, confidentiality and reproductive options for mutation carriers. The study demonstrated that only less than one third of the participants had heard about FXS. 94.6 % of participants were in favor of FXS screening for women in their reproductive age who had a genetic history of FXS. Furthermore, only half of the participants would inform their families about their genetic status in case of positive test results, and more than half of the participants supported natural conception and prenatal diagnosis for FXS mutation carriers. Additional findings and research implications are also discussed. This survey targeting potential doctors provides important information for the development of FXS genetic test and counselor training for the Chinese health system. PMID:23955144

Li, Jia; Huang, Wen; Luo, Shiyu; Lin, Yunting; Duan, Ranhui

2013-12-01

332

Science Education and the Challenges Facing Its Integration into the 21st Century School System in a Globalized World: A Case of Igbo Nation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a study of historical foundations of science education in Igboland, its nature and scope as well as the challenges facing its integration into the 21st century school system in a globalized world. The authors found that there were many scientific activities in Igbo culture, but many problems hinder their integration into the basic…

Ezeudu, F. O.; Nkokelonye, C. U.; Ezeudu, S. A.

2013-01-01

333

Cyber Charter Schools: Evolution, Issues, and Opportunities in Funding and Localized Oversight  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cyber schools, also known as virtual schools, are noteworthy charter school developments that provide viable options for education. Charter schools in general and cyber charter schools in particular are not "revenue neutral" to local school districts. Nationwide, hundreds of millions of dollars allocated for education are being routed into charter…

Ellis, Kathleen

2008-01-01

334

Segregation Levels in Milwaukee Public Schools and the Milwaukee Voucher Program. School Choice Issues in the State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compares segregation levels in Milwaukee public schools and in private schools participating in the Milwaukee voucher program. Using a segregation index that measures the difference between the percent of students in a school who are white and the percentage of school-age children in the greater metro area who are white, it finds that…

Forster, Greg

2006-01-01

335

School Readiness: What Does It Mean for Indigenous Children, Families, Schools and Communities? Issues Paper No. 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the state and local level, many school systems, districts and early childhood networks have developed approaches and programs to support children's transition to school. These programs often address school readiness. There are many definitions of school readiness. Some refer to the skills and attributes of individual children, defining it as…

Dockett, Sue; Perry, Bob; Kearney, Emma

2010-01-01

336

Serving Students with Disabilities: Perspectives of Three School Counselors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines issues facing school counselors who work with students having disabilities, and suggests specific interventions. Offers perspectives of three counselors, one at a public elementary school, one at a public middle school, and the third at a residential school for deaf students. Emphasis is on inclusion of students with disabilities in…

Deck, Mary; Scarborough, Janna L.; Sferrazza, Margaret S.; Estill, Dana M.

1999-01-01

337

Critical Issues in American Education. A Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is based on a discussion of critical issues in education that was the focal point of the 1975 Institute of Chief State School Officers. In preparation for the 1975 Institute, each chief officer was asked to prepare a short paper describing the most important issues facing him on the state level and those he believed to be the most…

Bottomly, Forbes, Ed.

338

LGBT Legal Issues in Jesuit Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Issues facing the LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) community can prove to be a legal nightmare for college and university administrators to address, particularly at religiously affiliated institutions like Jesuit colleges. Administrators have to walk a fine line between nondiscrimination statutes and the religious beliefs and teachings of the school's affiliation. This paper explores the main legal issues pertaining

Bryce Hughes

339

Mental Health Issues Facing a Diverse Sample of College Students: Results from the College Student Mental Health Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past 5 years there has been increased attention given to mental health issues on college and university campuses across the country. However, few research efforts have been conducted to systematically investigate the mental health of college students. The College Student Mental Health Survey was undertaken as a first step towards gaining…

Soet, Johanna; Sevig, Todd

2006-01-01

340

Urban Regimes and School Compacts: The Development of the Detroit Compact.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the development and implementation of a school compact program in the Detroit (Michigan) Public School System. Demonstrates its initiation by corporate leaders; and highlights some issues faced by elected officials, schools, and the community while making compact agreements. Problems still faced by the Detroit Compact are reviewed. (SLD)

Orr, Marion

1993-01-01

341

Establishing a Case for Occupational Therapy in Meeting the Needs of Children with Grief Issues in School-Based Settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The researchers conducted a needs assessment survey of practicing school-based occupational therapists to determine the incidence of grief within existing caseloads, current awareness of the issue, related concerns, and willingness or resistance to address grief in the intervention environment. The survey was administered to a representative sample of 150 school-based therapists throughout the state of Ohio. Fifty-six therapists responded with

Barbara E. Milliken; Glenn Goodman; Susan Bazyk; Sharon Flinn

2007-01-01

342

Black Students and Private Schooling. ERIC/CUE Trends and Issues Series, Number 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing number of black students in private schools has been stimulated partly by concern about the adequacy of the public schools; a desire by parents for greater choice about, and control over, their children's schooling; and a desire to find schools with values similar to their own. Private school efforts to draw minority students have…

Ascher, Carol

343

The High Cost of High School Dropouts: What the Nation Pays for Inadequate High Schools. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every school day, nearly 7,000 students become dropouts. Annually, that adds up to about 1.2 million students who will not graduate from high school with their peers as scheduled. Lacking a high school diploma, these individuals will be far more likely than graduates to spend their lives periodically unemployed, on government assistance, or…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

344

Lost Opportunity: An Empirical Analysis of How Vouchers Affected Florida Public Schools. School Choice Issues in the State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of Florida's "A+" accountability program, which until 2006 included a voucher program for chronically failing schools, on public school performance has been extensively studied. The results have consistently shown a positive effect on academic outcomes in Florida public schools. However, no empirical research has been done on the impact…

Forster, Greg

2008-01-01

345

Free to Teach: What America's Teachers Say about Teaching in Public and Private Schools. School Choice Issues in Depth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents data from a major national survey of teachers conducted by the U.S. Department of Education; the Schools & Staffing Survey. The authors break down these observational data for public and private school teachers, in order to compare what teachers have to say about their work in each of the two school sectors. These are…

Forster, Greg; D'Andrea, Christian

2009-01-01

346

Segregation Levels in Cleveland Public Schools and the Cleveland Voucher Program. School Choice Issues in the State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examining the widespread claims that private schools have high segregation levels and vouchers will lead to greater segregation, this study finds that both assertions are empirically unsupportable. Private schools participating in Cleveland's voucher program are much less segregated than Cleveland's public schools. This means that students using…

Forster, Greg

2006-01-01

347

A Win-Win Solution: The Empirical Evidence on How Vouchers Affect Public Schools. School Choice Issues in Depth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report collects the results of all available empirical studies on how vouchers affect academic achievement in public schools. Contrary to the widespread claim that vouchers hurt public schools, it finds that the empirical evidence consistently supports the conclusion that vouchers improve public schools. No empirical study has ever found that…

Forster, Greg

2009-01-01

348

Gender Issues in Internet Access and Favourite Internet Activities among Greek High School Pupils inside and outside School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates gender differences in Internet use by Greek high school pupils within school and out of school environments. A sample of 340 pupils (170 boys and 170 girls), aged 12-16 years, completed a written questionnaire on their attainability, location, frequency and purposes of Internet access. The data analysis showed that more…

Papastergiou, Marina; Solomonidou, Christina

2005-01-01

349

Gender Differences of Minority High School Students in Response to School and Family Issues. Research Brief #2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes study to help a local high school locate problem areas among entering high school freshmen and improve environment and curriculum. Survey data from 314 students indicate females share school experiences with their families, but Hispanic males do not. Females have afterschool chores, but males have few chores. Females select positive,…

Golanty-Koel, Renee

1994-01-01

350

Charter Schools and ELLs: An Authorizer and School Leader Guide to Educating ELLs. Authorizing Matters. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators, school administrators, policymakers, and community members are responsible for providing a quality education for all students in the nation's public schools. Traditional and charter schools bear the duty to ensure that special populations of students have access to the best education possible. This responsibility makes it essential for…

Clair, Nancy

2011-01-01

351

Students' Experience of Working with Socioscientific Issues - a Quantitative Study in Secondary School  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research project aims to investigate how students in lower secondary school experience work with socioscientific issues (SSI). The six socioscientific cases developed and used in this project are relevant according to characteristics of SSI and to the national curriculum. Approximately 1,500 students in Sweden have worked with one SSI case chosen by the teachers. A questionnaire-based instrument was used to measure the affective domain of students' attitudes towards and interest in science before starting to work with the case and a second questionnaire after finishing a case. The second student questionnaire, measured the situational characteristics of the SSI work and perceived cognitive and affective outcomes. According to the students' self-reported experience, all cases were interesting and related to a current issue. Most cases were equally interesting to boys and girls, the only exception was You are what you eat, which girls found more interesting than boys did. Almost all students claim that they learnt new facts, learnt to argue for their standpoint and to search and evaluate information during the work with the cases. The girls' average scores were higher on several aspects of learning outcomes. Furthermore the students, especially the girls, perceived that the outcome of working with SSI had relevance for their future, with some cases more relevant than others. The more interesting the student found the case, the more they claimed they learnt. The students do not, however, claim that they learnt more science than during ordinary lessons.

Ottander, Christina; Ekborg, Margareta

2012-12-01

352

Challenges Faced by People Living with HIV/AIDS in Cape Town, South Africa: Issues for Group Risk Reduction Interventions  

PubMed Central

This paper presents the findings of an exploratory study to investigate the challenges faced by people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in communities in Cape Town, South Africa. The primary goal of the study was to gather data to inform the adaptation of a group risk reduction intervention to the South African context. Qualitative methods were used to examine the experiences of PLWHA. Eight focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted with 83 HIV-positive participants and 14 key informants (KIs) involved in work with PLWHA were interviewed. Findings revealed that AIDS-related stigma was still pervasive in local communities. This was associated with the difficulty of disclosure of their status for fear of rejection. Also notable was the role of risky behaviours such as lack of condom use and that PLWHA considered their HIV/AIDS status as secondary to daily life stressors like poverty, unemployment, and gender-based violence. These findings have implications for the adaptation or development of behavioural risk reduction interventions for PLWHA.

Cloete, Allanise; Strebel, Anna; Simbayi, Leickness; van Wyk, Brian; Henda, Nomvo; Nqeketo, Ayanda

2010-01-01

353

Education as a Social Determinant of Health: Issues Facing Indigenous and Visible Minority Students in Postsecondary Education in Western Canada  

PubMed Central

The level of educational attainment is increasingly being recognized as an important social determinant of health. While higher educational attainment can play a significant role in shaping employment opportunities, it can also increase the capacity for better decision making regarding one’s health, and provide scope for increasing social and personal resources that are vital for physical and mental health. In today’s highly globalized knowledge based society postsecondary education (PSE) is fast becoming a minimum requirement for securing employment that can afford young adults the economic, social and personal resources needed for better health. Canada ranks high among OECD countries in terms of advanced education, with 66% of Canadians having completed some form of postsecondary education. Yet youth from low income indigenous and visible minority (LIIVM) backgrounds continue to be poorly represented at PSE levels. The current study aimed to understand the reasons for this poor representation by examining the experiences of LIIVM students enrolled in a postsecondary program. Findings show that the challenges they faced during the course of their study had an adverse impact on their health and that improving representation of these students in PSE will require changes at many levels.

Shankar, Janki; Ip, Eugene; Khalema, Ernest; Couture, Jennifer; Tan, Shawn; Zulla, Rosslynn T.; Lam, Gavin

2013-01-01

354

The Impact of Bullying on School Performance in Six Selected Schools in South Carolina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nation's K-12 schools are faced with numerous critical challenges, such as elevating academic achievement, and meeting No Child Left Behind state standards (Kowalski et al., 2008). But bullying in schools is becoming one of the most challenging issues that school personnel are encountering. In a Stanford University, study it was revealed that…

Cooper, Stephanie A.

2011-01-01

355

To Fix Education, School Hours and Money Need to Be Better Spent. On the Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent push among policymakers and activists for a longer school day is just the latest manifestation of the "more is better" approach to school reform. But more time in school is not necessarily proven to generate better results. Successful schools with longer days have other characteristics that count toward success but that are not as hard…

Hess, Frederick M.

2009-01-01

356

Methodological and Measurement Issues in School Violence Research: Moving beyond the Social Problem Era  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School violence became a topic of broad national concern in the United States in reaction to a series of tragic school shootings during the 1990s. Efforts to understand and prevent school shootings have stimulated the rapid development of a broader interest in school safety with an emerging multidisciplinary research agenda. The maturation and…

Furlong, Michael J.; Morrison, Gale M.; Cornell, Dewey G.; Skiba, Russell

2004-01-01

357

Improving the High School-to-College Transition through Leadership and Governance. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Governors are united in their commitment to improve America's high schools. Nationwide, only 71 percent of students graduate from high school, and only 18 percent of high school freshmen go on to complete a college degree on time. Deficits in basic skills cost colleges, businesses, and underprepared high school graduates as much as $16 billion…

Conklin, Kristin D.

2005-01-01

358

A Social Studies Teacher's Sense Making of Controversial Issues Discussions of Race in a Predominantly White, Rural High School Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this qualitative study, the authors first explore the "sense making" of Emma, a former high school teacher (and co-author of this study), with regard to discussion of issues around race that became controversial in her social studies classroom. Her student population comprised predominantly white, rural, socioeconomically disadvantaged…

Washington, Elizabeth Yeager; Humphries, Emma K.

2011-01-01

359

Greek Primary School Teachers' Understanding of Current Environmental Issues: An Exploration of Their Environmental Knowledge and Images of Nature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the Greek primary school teachers' understanding of three current environmental issues (acid rain, the ozone layer depletion, and the greenhouse effect) as well as the emerging images of nature were examined. The study revealed that teachers held several environmental knowledge gaps and misconceptions about the three phenomena.…

Michail, Sirmo; Stamou, Anastasia G.; Stamou, George P.

2007-01-01

360

Estimating College Enrollment Rates for Virginia Public High School Graduates. Summary. Issues & Answers. REL 2011-No. 104  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief document summarizes findings from "Estimating College Enrollment Rates for Virginia Public High School Graduates. Issues & Answers. REL 2011-No. 104." Using data from the National Student Clearinghouse and the Virginia Department of Education, the report examines college enrollment rates overall and by student academic and demographic…

Holian, Laura; Mokher, Christine

2011-01-01

361

Multiple Perspectives on the Schooling of Mexican Indigenous Students in the U.S.: Issues for Future Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors--a researcher in Latino educational issues and a sociologist specializing in migration--collaborated to more fully understand and explain the schooling circumstances of Mexican indigenous students. After elaborating a conceptual framework of transationalism, the researchers present three types of results: (a) critical understandings…

Ruiz, Nadeen T.; Barajas, Manuel

2012-01-01

362

MICROSPED Information Bulletin, Issues 1-10, 1984. Microcomputers in the Schools--Implementation in Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ten information bulletins on the implementation of microcomputers in special education are presented. Topics covered include the following: (1) implementation issues (including a description of a study assessing microcomputer applications in 12 local school districts' special education programs); (2) implementation strategies (which focuses on…

Hanley, Tom V., Ed.; And Others

1984-01-01

363

Why, When, and How To Use Evaluation: Experts Speak Out. Issues and Opportunities in Out-of-School Time Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that the disappointing findings of the first-year evaluation of the 21st-Century Community Learning Centers (21st CCLC) after-school program were offered as a rationale for a requested decrease in funding in President Bush's fiscal year 2004 education budget, this report compiles expert commentary on methodological issues in that evaluation…

Weiss, Heather B.; Little, Priscilla M. D.

364

Confronting the Youth Demographic Challenge: The Labor Market Prospects of Out-of-School Young Adults. Policy Issues Monograph.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The labor market prospects of out-of-school young adults and options for improving the employment and earnings potential of all young adults were examined. The following issues were among those considered: demographic and social factors affecting young adults' employment prospects; employment trends and labor market problems in the United States…

Sum, Andrew; Fogg, Neeta; Mangum, Garth

365

High School Students' Informal Reasoning Regarding a Socio-Scientific Issue, with Relation to Scientific Epistemological Beliefs and Cognitive Structures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship among 68 high school students' scientific epistemological beliefs (SEBs), cognitive structures regarding nuclear power usage, and their informal reasoning regarding this issue. Moreover, the ability of students' SEBs as well as their cognitive structures for predicting their informal reasoning regarding…

Wu, Ying-Tien; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2011-01-01

366

Ecole Publique et Ecole Confessionelle Face a la Dimension Spirituelle de la Personne=Public Schools and Private Schools Confronting the Spiritual Dimension of the Person.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Canadian society as pluralistic and secular. Argues that teaching students to think is the major task of schools today. Compares the roles of public and private schools in developing the spiritual dimension of students, urging public schools to avoid trivialization and private schools to avoid dogmatism. (DMM)

Michaud, Claude

1992-01-01

367

What is FirstSchool? Issues in PreK-3rd Education. Number One  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

FirstSchool is part of a national PreK-3rd movement of schools, districts, educators and universities seeking to improve how children from ages 3 to 8 learn and develop in schools. While these different projects use a variety of names, all are working to connect high-quality PreK programs with high-quality elementary schools. FirstSchool is…

Ritchie, Sharon; Maxwell, Kelly; Clifford, Richard

2009-01-01

368

Digital Media & Learning in Afterschool. MetLife Foundation Afterschool Alert. Issue Brief No. 58  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Afterschool Alliance, in partnership with MetLife Foundation, is proud to present the final issue brief in its latest series of four issue briefs examining critical issues facing middle school youth and the vital role afterschool programs play in addressing these issues. This brief explores afterschool and digital learning. At the core of…

Afterschool Alliance, 2013

2013-01-01

369

High School Students' Perceptions of School Science and Science Careers: A Critical Look at a Critical Issue  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Disproportionate representation of males and females in science courses and careers continues to be of concern. This article explores gender differences in Australian high school students' perceptions of school science and their intentions to study university science courses. Nearly 3800 15-year-old students responded to a range of 5-point Likert…

Quinn, Frances; Lyons, Terry

2011-01-01

370

Assessing Social Problems and Issues in Desegregated Schools: Black Students Retrospective Reports of High School Social Environments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes methodologies and instruments for assessing interpersonal relationships and problems in desegregated schools. Two studies are described in which students entering predominantly black colleges were asked to report retrospectively concerning their (desegregated) high schools' social environments. The studies employed two…

Nelsen, Edward A.

371

Strained Schools Face Bleak Future: Districts Foresee Budget Cuts, Teacher Layoffs, and a Slowing of Education Reform Efforts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many school districts had to cope with shrinking budgets this past school year, but the effects of these cuts were cushioned to some extent by the availability of federal economic stimulus money. In 2009 and 2010, school districts received about $80 billion from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). These funds were intended…

Kober, Nancy; Rentner, Diane Stark

2011-01-01

372

Cross-Cultural Issues Arising for Four Science Teachers during Their International Migration to Teach in U.S. High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

U.S. schools have experienced a perennial shortage of teachers. Recently, many school districts have been inviting foreign veteran teachers to help mitigate such teacher shortages. This study describes the initial cross-cultural issues four international science teachers encountered when they immigrated to teach in U.S. high schools, hi-depth,…

Hutchison, Charles B.

2006-01-01

373

Opinions of Ohio Public School Superintendents about Issues in Adult Education in Relation to Selected Personal and Programmatic Variables. Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to assess the opinions of Ohio public school superintendents about the issues of (1) the mission of public schools regarding adult education; (2) the nature of adult education funding; and (3) the benefits accrued to the local school district as a result of adult education programs. A survey form was developed and mailed to…

Thiel, Kathleen K.

374

Afterschool: Supporting Career and College Pathways for Middle School Age Youth. MetLife Foundation Afterschool Alert. Issue Brief No. 46  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to ensure that middle school youth are on a path toward higher education and careers, an early introduction to the importance of continuing education past high school is necessary. The middle school years are a vital time to teach the importance of college and career readiness and the linkages to success in life. This issue brief…

Afterschool Alliance, 2011

2011-01-01

375

End-of-life and palliative care issues in medical and nursing schools in the United States.  

PubMed

Medical and nursing schools in the United States have traditionally had a limited emphasis on end-of-life care. The present study is a comparison of these 2 professional programs' current offerings on death education. Data were gathered via a mailed survey from the 122 medical schools in 2005 and the 580 baccalaureate nursing programs in 2006. Return rates of 81% and 71%, respectively, were received. All medical schools and 99% of nursing schools reported offering something on death and dying, with over 90 % of students in these programs participating. The average number of hours offered in both professional programs is less than 15. Over 87% in both programs have offerings in palliative care. Whereas nursing programs rely almost solely on nurses for end-of-life course provisions, medical schools are more interdisciplinary by faculty. End-of-life issues are presented in both medical and nursing curricula, though on a limited basis. This emphasis exposes students to the issues, though not in an in-depth way. PMID:17853525

Dickinson, George E

2007-09-01

376

Supreme Court Backs Official Who Censored School Newspaper, Skirts Issue at Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school journalists do not have the same broad First Amendment protection of free speech that adults do, the Supreme Court said in upholding a Missouri high school principal's right to delete articles on divorce and teenage pregnancy from a school-sponsored newspaper. (MLW)

Fields, Cheryl M.

1988-01-01

377

Summary of States' Strategies and Consequences for ESEA Focus Schools. Solutions. Issue Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As of January 1, 2013, 34 states and the District of Columbia have been granted waivers from certain provisions of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). Part of each successful flexibility application was a state accountability system that could identify priority schools (the lowest performing 5% of Title 1 schools) and focus schools

Perlman, Carole

2013-01-01

378

Seeing is Believing: Promising Practices for How School Districts Promote Family Engagement. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Harvard Family Research Project (HFRP) and the National Parent-Teacher Association (PTA) have teamed up to bring you a ground-breaking policy brief that examines the role of school districts in promoting family engagement. "Seeing is Believing: Promising Practices for How School Districts Promote Family Engagement" spotlights how six school

Westmoreland, Helen; Rosenberg, Heidi M.; Lopez, M. Elena; Weiss, Heather

2009-01-01

379

Parents' Participation and Chicago School Reform: Issues of Race, Class and Expectations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most studies of the early implementation of Chicago (Illinois) school reform have focused on the creation and early functioning of the Local School Councils (LSCs). This study is concerned with understanding the resources that different school communities have to embrace the LSC reform, the time frame needed to promote educational change, and the…

Rollow, Sharon G.; Bennett, Michael

380

Choosing a School Turnaround Provider. Lessons Learned. Volume 1, Issue 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Droves of school turnaround providers are chasing the massive federal infusion of funds flowing into failing schools. They arrive armed with glossy materials, impressive sounding claims, and, often, citing their prior relationships or experiences with one's school to support their promises of great service and impressive outcomes. But, are their…

Lockwood, Anne Turnbaugh; Fleischman, Steve

2010-01-01

381

How Safe Are You at Work? Occupational Health and Safety Issues for School Counsellors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools are becoming increasingly violent places. This workshop presentation examines ways to improve counselor facilities and to enhance work safety. Client populations for school counselors have changed significantly in recent times as school administrators refer more welfare related problems for help. Although violent attacks on counselors may…

Low, John A.

382

The National School Lunch Program: Background, Trends, and Issues. Economic Research Report Number 61  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) is the Nation's second largest food and nutrition assistance program. In 2006, it operated in over 101,000 public and nonprofit private schools and provided over 28 million low-cost or free lunches to children on a typical school day at a Federal cost of $8 billion for the year. This report provides…

Ralston, Katherine; Newman, Constance; Clauson, Annette; Guthrie, Joanne; Buzby, Jean

2008-01-01

383

Characteristics of Career Academies in 12 Florida School Districts. Summary. Issues & Answers. REL 2011-No. 106  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes career academies in 12 Florida school districts in the 2006/07 school year. It examines their structure and career clusters, the high schools offering them, and the students enrolled. This study is one of the first to investigate both career academy structure and clusters using multiple data sources. It provides state…

Estacion, Angela; D'Souza, Stephanie; Bozick, Robert

2011-01-01

384

Examining Independent Study High Schools in California. Issues & Answers. REL 2009-No. 074  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This examination of California's independent study high schools (alternative schools in which 75 percent or more of students in grades 9-12 are enrolled in full-time independent study) describes enrollment trends since 2001-02 and the number and characteristics of schools and students as well as teacher qualifications in 2006-07. The study used…

Barrat, Vanessa X.; Berliner, BethAnn

2009-01-01

385

Examining Independent Study High Schools in California. Summary. Issues & Answers. REL 2009-No. 074  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a summary of a larger report that examines California's independent study high schools (alternative schools in which 75 percent or more of students in grades 9-12 are enrolled in full-time independent study). The larger study describes enrollment trends since 2001-02 and the number and characteristics of schools and students…

Barrat, Vanessa X.; Berliner, BethAnn

2009-01-01

386

Afterschool: A High School Dropout Prevention Tool. Afterschool Alert Issue Brief No.38  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over one million students who enter ninth grade each year fail to graduate with their peers four years later because they drop out of school. Seven thousand students drop out of school every day, and each year roughly 1.2 million students fail to graduate from high school. More than half of these students are from minority groups. Afterschool …

Afterschool Alliance, 2009

2009-01-01

387

Improving Public Education through Comprehensive School Reform: An Issue Brief from the International Reading Association.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Comprehensive School Reform (CSR) program is a new initiative that could affect International Reading Association members in the United States--but will benefit only those who take advantage of it. The purpose of the CSR initiative is to provide financial incentives for schools to develop comprehensive school reforms. Funding is available to…

International Reading Association, Newark, DE.

388

Freedom from Racial Barriers: The Empirical Evidence on Vouchers and Segregation. School Choice Issues in Depth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report collects the results of all available studies using valid empirical methods to compare segregation in public and private schools, both in general and in the context of school voucher programs. Examining the widespread claims that private schools have high segregation levels and vouchers will lead to greater segregation, this report…

Forster, Greg

2006-01-01

389

Mobilising Spaces of Agency through Genealogies of Race and Gender: Issues of Indigeneity, Marginality and Schooling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents data from a case study of a non-traditional secondary school for Indigenous girls located in a suburban area of Queensland (Australia). The focus is predominantly on the identity and practices of Nicole who is one of the school's teachers. Nicole's identity as an Indigenous woman and teacher and the school's approach to…

Keddie, Amanda; Williams, Nicole

2012-01-01

390

Modified School Years: An Important Issue of Local Control of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Modified school years in First Nation schools contextualize the learning process by allowing student participation in traditional, seasonal, outdoor activities. Two case studies in which Hudson Bay area school officials unilaterally reintroduced the conventional calendar illustrate the important roles that First Nations education authorities can…

Tsuji, Leonard J. S.

2000-01-01

391

Planning a School-Based Mentoring Program. Lessons Learned. Volume 1, Issue 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School-based mentoring (SBM) has exploded in popularity in recent years: Today approximately one fourth of the youth mentoring programs in the country use a school-based format (Herrera, Grossman, Kauh, Feldman, & McMaken, 2007). In SBM, a K-12 student is paired with an adult from the community or an older (usually high school) student in a…

Garringer, Michael

2010-01-01

392

The 18th Annual Gallup Poll of the Public's Attitudes toward the Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews public responses to 18 questions about significant school issues, such as (1) the most important problems facing schools today, (2) support for antidrug measures in local schools, (3) rating the schools on success characteristics, (4) the goals of education, and (5) attitudes about AIDS. (IW)

Gallup, Alec M.

1986-01-01

393

The Social Maladjustment Exclusion: Issues of Definition and Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Review seeks to clarify issues of definition and assessment for school psychologists facing task of operationalizing and measuring social maladjustment exclusion in federal definition of serious emotional disturbance. For school psychologists in states with exclusion for social maladjustment, proactive recommendations are offered, emphasizing…

Skiba, Russell; Grizzle, Ken

1991-01-01

394

Increasing Urban Middle School Students' Access to Authentic Math and Science Experiences through a School-Community Partnership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urban schools serving low-income minority children face a variety of challenges related to teacher quality, resources and school infrastructure. Programs such as the GK-12 Fellows Program, funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF), try to mitigate some of these issues by supporting partnerships between local school districts and institutions…

Ferreira, Maria M.; Freeman, Carl D.; Zibuck, Regina

2010-01-01

395

Multiple Perspectives on the Schooling of Mexican Indigenous Students in the U.S.: Issues for Future Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors—a researcher in Latino educational issues and a sociologist specializing in migration—collaborated to more fully understand and explain the schooling circumstances of Mexican indigenous students. After elaborating a conceptual framework of transationalism, the researchers present three types of results: (a) critical understandings about Mexican-origin migration for U.S. educators, (b) themes from a series of interviews with Mexican indigenous families

Nadeen T. Ruiz; Manuel Barajas

2012-01-01

396

[Hygiene in schools - an important issue for the public health services].  

PubMed

According to the Protection against Infection Act (IfSG), schools have to identify their arrangements of standard operating procedures (SOPs) for hygienic conditions, and the public health departments are obliged to check the hygienic conditions in schools. Here, practical experience with these topics in Frankfurt/Main, Germany, is presented.Although all schools had been informed about their duties according to IfSG in 2001, only 44% (80/180 schools) of them were able to present their SOPs when requested to do so by the public health department in 2006. Complaints about bad sanitary hygiene in schools have to be confirmed, often even in recently redeveloped facilities, because of vandalism. The equipment of washing basins was improved very well during the influenza pandemic in 2009. In 2010, however, a tendency to deterioration had been observed. With data on high levels on indoor contamination (particles and CO2) in class rooms in 2006, the city increased the frequency of cleaning and launched a programme on proper ventilation in classrooms. However, a study on ventilation in 29 schools in 2009 resulted in very high levels of CO2; obviously the recommendation to ventilate the classrooms every break are neglected. Large studies on drinking water quality exhibited good data, with the exception of high Legionella contaminations in hot water systems supplying the showers in gymnasiums. Major redevelopment measures were necessary.Hygienic conditions in schools should be improved urgently. The public health departments should increase their consulting services as well as their control visits in schools - with the aim to improve hygiene in schools. Responsibility of the schools as well as of the individuals in the schools is demanded as well. More public attention to this topic seems mandatory, may be via a "signal light - red-yellow-green" for schools? PMID:22113381

Heudorf, U; Voigt, K; Eikmann, Th; Exner, M

2011-11-01

397

Career Management Issues Facing Expatriates  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research explores expatriate assignments from a career development perspective. First, the article examines the impact of five organization-level career development programs and policies on expatriate effectiveness. Then, it explores the impact of five individual-level career management strategies on the success of expatriate transitions. Data from 118 expatriates in Saudi Arabia, Europe, South America, and Japan are presented to examine

Daniel C. Feldman; David C. Thomas

1992-01-01

398

Health Issues Facing Black Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Black women in the United States experience a high incidence of serious health problems and, as a group, receive insufficient and inadequate medical care. The death rate for black women suffering from breast cancer has increased substantially since 1950. Also of great concern is the high incidence of cervical cancer in low income black women…

Reid, Inez Smith

399

Student Participation and Responsible Citizenship in a Non-Polyarchy: An Evaluation of Challenges Facing Zimbabwe's Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses perceptions on child participation and responsible citizenship in Zimbabwe's secondary schools. A brief outlook on Zimbabwe's values education is provided followed by a discussion of theoretical frameworks on citizenship and polyarchy and what these mean to the school. The article analyses teacher and student perceptions on…

Tshabangu, Icarbord P.

2006-01-01

400

Modernizing "San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez": How Evolving Supreme Court Jurisprudence Changes the Face of Education Finance Litigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims to "modernize" the current legal debate over inequitable public school funding at the state and local level. The 1973 Supreme Court case of "San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez" established precedent, allowing for property-tax based education funding programs at the state-level--a major source of local inequality…

Saleh, Matthew

2011-01-01

401

Beyond Black and White. New Faces and Voices in U.S. Schools. SUNY Series, Power, Social Identity, and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection explores diversity in American schools by opening the discussion to the unprecedented diversity of children in American schools. Sections on rethinking familiar minorities, newcomers to the country, and other, often unrecognized minorities, deal with the common themes of minority status, marginality, and resistance. The following…

Seller, Maxine, Ed.; Weis, Lois, Ed.

402

Capacity Building: Sustaining Urban Secondary Schools as Resilient Self-Renewing Organizations in the Face of Standardized Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historically, the progressive ideas of innovative schools have influenced the professional practice of North American educators since the latter part of the 19th century. Indeed, since the beginning of an industrial society, and now with the birth of globalization and a knowledge economy, there has been a need for public schools to sustain their…

Giles, Corrie

2008-01-01

403

Study of Issues Affecting International Students at the Graduate School of Business and Public Policy in the Naval Postgraduate School.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Government in its efforts to promote a safer, free and democratic environment around the world provides graduate education to its allies and friends. International Military Students (IMS) who come to study at the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) d...

J. Porti C. Hwu P. Lewandowski L. Grabowski

2005-01-01

404

Safer choices 2: Rationale, design issues, and baseline results in evaluating school-based health promotion for alternative school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundStudents attending ‘alternative’ high schools form relatively small, highly mobile high-risk populations, presenting challenges for the design and implementation of HIV-, other STI-, and pregnancy-prevention interventions. This paper describes the rationale, study design, and baseline results for the Safer Choices 2 program.

Susan R. Tortolero; Christine M. Markham; Robert C. Addy; Elizabeth R. Baumler; Soledad Liliana Escobar-Chaves; Karen M. Basen-Engquist; Nicole K. McKirahan; Guy S. Parcel

2008-01-01

405

After the Sunset: Sustaining School-to-Work Intermediary Activity. School-to-Work Intermediary Project. Issue Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The now defunct School-to-Work Opportunities Act of 1994 provided start-up funding for states to establish comprehensive career development systems. Survey results of 21 intermediary organizations that used funding from the act to provide learning experiences for youth showed that the loss of federal funding affected activities in various ways,…

Grobe, Terry

406

Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues in Science (ELSI)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory's Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues in Science Web site is especially suitable for middle and high school students and teachers and tackles hard issues that face contemporary scientists every day. Connect to the ELSI pages to see a discussion of basic vs. applied research, equal access to medical screening, indoor air pollution, and personal privacy and medical databases.

2005-10-31

407

Arizonans Like Their Jobs but Question Their Schools. AZ Views, Volume 1, Issue 2, October 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Good jobs and good schools are viewed by most as essential components of a healthy society: good jobs create revenue to support quality schools, which in turn produce a superior workforce to fill those jobs. Based on survey panelist responses, most Arizonans seem to feel that they are doing well on the employment front, but not quite so well…

Morrison Institute for Public Policy, Arizona State University, 2008

2008-01-01

408

The Fourth Amendment in the Public Schools: Issues for the 1990's and Beyond. Presentation Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1985, the United States Supreme Court, in "New Jersey v. T.L.O.," held that the Fourth Amendment applies to searches and seizures conducted by public school administrators. This paper discusses the current state of Fourth Amendment law with regard to public school searches and seizures. Among the subtopics discussed are the following: (1) the…

Schreck, Myron

409

Formative Conceptions of Assessment: Trainee Teachers' Thinking about Assessment Issues in English Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the developing thinking about assessment of graduate trainees preparing for secondary teaching in England. For some years teachers in English schools have worked in a context where the outcomes of formal testing have been used to judge school and teacher performance as well as student achievement. Research evidence that…

Taber, Keith S.; Riga, Fran; Brindley, Sue; Winterbottom, Mark; Finney, John; Fisher, Linda G.

2011-01-01

410

Federally Funded Charter Schools Should Foster Diversity. Issue Brief No. 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Administration's "Blueprint For Reform," and FY 2011 budget proposal set forth an education agenda that would make the expansion of charter schools a cornerstone of the reauthorized Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). Likewise, HR 4330 would promote charter schools as a central catalyst for education reform. Without clearer…

National Coalition on School Diversity (NJ1), 2012

2012-01-01

411

Policy, Technology, and Practice in Cyber Charter Schools: Framing the Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Online learning in K-12 education has grown rapidly in the past decade. Cyber charter schools (CCSs) have been a particularly controversial form of online school, but there is very little scholarly examination of these new organizations. As CCSs expand, policymakers and stakeholders have a critical need to understand how to evolve the…

Ahn, June

2011-01-01

412

Screening for Asperger syndrome in school?age children: issues and instruments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many children with Asperger syndrome are not identified prior to school entry, and difficulties associated with the condition may only become evident when a child enters school. Failure to identify children with the syndrome may lead to increased risk for psychopathology, and lack of understanding of the reasons for social and communicative impairments, and the display of atypical behaviours. Therefore,

Colin Reilly; Audrey Campbell; Patricia Keran

2009-01-01

413

The Beginnings of Rural School Networking in New Zealand: Some Educational and Policy Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes two pilot programs that are developing networks among rural New Zealand schools to address the educational isolation of students. A program located in the South Island consists of a consortium of six small rural high schools using distance education technology to offer an expanded curriculum to rural students. The goal of the…

Stevens, Ken; Bridgeman, Noel

414

Characteristics of GED Recipients in High School: 2002-06. Issue Brief. NCES 2012-025  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The General Educational Development (GED) credential is often considered to be the equivalent of a high school diploma for students who do not graduate from high school. A GED credential can expand opportunities in the labor market (Song and Hsu 2008) and in postsecondary education for those who obtain it. Nearly all postsecondary institutions (98…

Malkus, Nathaniel; Sen, Anindita

2011-01-01

415

State & District-Wide Assessments of School Achievement. Issues in Education. Technical Assistance Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin provides guidelines to Missouri educators concerning inclusion of students with disabilities in state and district-wide assessments of school achievement as required under Missouri's Outstanding Schools Act and the reauthorization of the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1997. It stresses the greater focus on…

Center for Innovations in Special Education, Columbia, MO.

416

Strategies and Issues in Supporting Children Whose Parents Have a Mental Illness within the School System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has been estimated that over 20 percent of children live in families where one parent has, or has had, a mental illness. Given the role of schools in children's academic as well as psychosocial development, it was considered important to identify effective strategies that school personnel have used in supporting such children. Parents and…

Reupert, Andrea; Maybery, Darryl

2007-01-01

417

Schooling and Its Antecedents: Substantive and Methodological Issues in the Status Attainment Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inequalities in schooling may be seen in relation to two types of educational outcomes: quality and quantity (or achievement and attainment). The qualitative dimension, a major concern of Coleman, Campbell, Hobson, McPartland, Mood, Weinfeld, and York are considered first, followed by the Blau-Duncan and Wisconsin studies of years of schooling

Sheal, Brent Mack

1976-01-01

418

Systems Impact: Issues and Trends in Improving School Outcomes for All Learners through Multitier Instructional Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The majority of school districts implementing response to intervention use a systemwide, multitier model of delivery. This article describes the common features of multitier models and discusses the emerging evidence of their effectiveness. In addition, specific factors that schools should consider to enhance effective implementation of systemic,…

Chard, David J.

2013-01-01

419

Trends and Issues in High School Mathematics: Research Insights and Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent publication of two important documents, "Focus in High School Mathematics: Reasoning and Sense Making" and the "Common Core State Standards for Mathematics" (CCSSM), provides a timely opportunity to take stock of the various recommendations and policies aimed at improving the quality of students' high school mathematics education in the…

Rasmussen, Chris; Heck, Daniel J.; Tarr, James E.; Knuth, Eric; White, Dorothy Y.; Lambdin, Diana V.; Baltzley, Patricia C.; Quander, Judith Reed; Barnes, David

2011-01-01

420

Predictors of the Elementary School Proficiency Exams and Issues of Equality in Educational Facilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study is to determine whether school/student, classroom/student, teacher/student ratio, and the Human Development Index (I.G.E.) rates by province predict a province's total 6th and 7th grade Elementary School Proficiency Exam (SBS) scores. To determine the relationships between the province's total 6th and 7th grade SBS…

Erdogan, Irfan; Meseci Giorgetti, Filiz; Cifcili, Vakur

2011-01-01

421

The Practical Application of Technology in Public Schools. Professional Issues in Public Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of essays focuses on practical applications of technology in public schools; it provides a perspective by teacher practitioners and others on how technology is currently being used or could be used in Connecticut's classrooms for effective schooling. The following papers are included: "Preparing for the Information Age" (Merle W.…

Connecticut Education Association, Hartford.

422

Lessons from High-Performing Hispanic Schools: Creating Learning Communities. Critical Issues in Educational Leadership Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current poor condition of education for Hispanic students need not exist. This book reports on high-performing schools along the Texas-Mexico border that have achieved schoolwide success by creating communities of learners. Three elementary, three middle, and two high schools in the border region were selected for study based on the following…

Reyes, Pedro, Ed.; Scribner, Jay D., Ed.; Scribner, Alicia Paredes, Ed.

423

Home, School, and Community Partnerships: Integrating Issues of Race, Culture, and Social Class  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current review is an examination of home–school–community partnerships utilizing an ecological approach to understand the influences of race, culture, and social class. The ecological approach recognizes that families and schools are embedded in communities, and that these settings influence each other and the development of children. The roles of race, culture, and social class in the development of partnerships

Gary Wright; Emilie Phillips Smith

1998-01-01

424

The Fiscal Impact of Tax-Credit Scholarships in Montana. School Choice Issues in the State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many states have enacted or are considering proposals to give tax credits for contributions that provide tuition scholarships for students in K-12 schools to attend the private or public schools of their choice. This study seeks to inform the public and policymakers about the implications for Montana if the state were to enact such a program. The…

Gottlob, Brian

2009-01-01

425

Achieving Excellence at Scale: State Support for High-Performing Charter School Expansion. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In communities nationwide, public charter schools are meeting the growing demand for high-quality education opportunities. This is especially true in communities with underperforming public district schools that are not meeting the academic needs of students, including poor and minority students. Forty states and the District of Columbia have laws…

Bloomberg, Laura; Nathan, Joe; Berman, Ilene

2009-01-01

426

Legal and Policy Issues Regarding Niche Charter Schools: Race, Religion, Culture, and the Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing number of ethnocentric or culturally oriented niche charter schools have opened around the country. These ethnic or culture-oriented models raise legal and policy concerns about church/state entanglement as well as concerns about diversity. Indeed, there has already been litigation focused on racial and ethnic aspects of charter schools

Eckes, Suzanne E.; Fox, Robert A.; Buchanan, Nina K.

2011-01-01

427

School Enrollment after Age 25. Issues in Labor Statistics. Summary 95-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of persons aged 25-64 enrolled in school has increased dramatically between 1978 and 1993, but it is not clear that these adult students are reacting to labor market incentives to a much greater extent than before. The data indicate that most of the increase in the number of older persons enrolled in school results from a rise in the…

Bureau of Labor Statistics, Washington, DC.

428

Eating disorders and adolescents: what are the issues for secondary schools?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medical research indicates a prevalence of approximately 1 per cent for both anorexia and bulimia nervosa among adolescent females, with most new cases diagnosed in mid- to late adolescence. This age group embraces the upper end of the secondary school population. Based on the current prevalence rates, it is likely that in a typical comprehensive school of between 1,500 and

Joan K. Ransley

1999-01-01

429

Beyond the Tipping Point: Issues of Racial Diversity in Magnet Schools Following Unitary Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses qualitative case study methodology to examine why the racial composition of magnet schools in Nashville, Tennessee, has shifted to predominantly African American in the aftermath of unitary status. The article compares the policy contexts and parents' reasons for choosing magnet schools at two points in time--under court order…

Smrekar, Claire

2009-01-01

430

School-Based Mental Health Programs: Issues for Implementation and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the results of a study that investigated the effectiveness of a mental health intervention program implemented within the school environment. The "Self-Management Intervention Program for School-Age Children with Chronic Health Conditions and Their Parents" focused on the promotion of self-regulatory and stress management…

Magyary, Diane; Brandt, Patricia

431

Taking School Reform Success to "Scale": Governance and Leadership Issues in Two Restructuring Elementary Buildings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the difficulties of extending good, workable educational ideas to entire schools or districts. Two restructured schools that participated in a 4-year collaborative project that involved multi-age primary classrooms, inclusion of special-needs students in regular classrooms, and increasing specificity in assessing student…

Goldman, Paul; Tindal, Gerald

432

Family and Cultural Issues in a School Swallowing and Feeding Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article presents a rationale for speech-language pathologists (SLPs) to provide culturally competent evaluation, diagnostic, and intervention services for children with oral motor, swallowing, and feeding disorders in school settings. There is also a discussion of how changing American public school demographics necessitate the…

Davis-McFarland, Elise

2008-01-01

433

Status Risk-Taking: A Central Issue in the Initiation and Implementation of Public School Innovation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, prior conceptualizing and empirical work bearing on public schools as complex organizations and risk taking were examined. Discussion of some of the practical implications of this perspective (difficulty in developing innovation) for the management of change efforts in public schools was also presented. (Author/RK)

Giacquinta, Joseph B.

1975-01-01

434

A Wall of Faces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Visitors to the campus of Orland High School (OHS) will never question that they have stepped into a world of the masses: kids, activity, personalities, busyness, and playfulness--a veritable cloud of mild bedlam. The wall of ceramic faces that greets a visitor in the school office is another reminder of the organized chaos that the teachers…

Stevens, Lori

2008-01-01

435

Personnel Management for Effective Schools. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Myriad issues face those who manage school personnel. Explicating the wide range of activities covered by the term "personnel management" is the object of this text. It is geared for prospective and current school administrators whose responsibilities include any aspect of personnel management. The text is organized around the premise that student…

Seyfarth, John T.

436

The Net Issue will constitute () % of the post Issue paid-up capital of our Company. PRICE BAND: Rs.45 TO Rs. 54 PER EQUITY SHARE. THE ISSUE PRICE IS 4.5 TIMES OF THE FACE VALUE AT THE LOWER END OF THE PRICE BAND AND 5.4TIMES OF THE FACE VALUE AT THE HIGHER END OF THE PRICE BAND  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Issue is being made through a 100% Book Building Process wherein upto 50% of the Net Issue (subject to mandatorily minimum 10%) will be allocated to Qualified Institutional Buyers (QIBs) on a proportionate basis, subject to valid bids being received at or above the Issue Price. Out of the portion available for allocation to the QIBs, 5% will be

IPO GRADING

437

Arts Enrichment in Afterschool. MetLife Foundation Afterschool Alert. Issue Brief No. 56  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Afterschool Alliance, in partnership with MetLife Foundation, is proud to present the second in its latest series of four issue briefs examining critical issues facing middle school youth and the vital role afterschool programs play in addressing these issues. This brief explores afterschool and arts enrichment. The arts have the remarkable…

Afterschool Alliance, 2012

2012-01-01

438

The Issue: Implications of Language Education Policies for Language Study in Schools and Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This group of articles contains a discussion and commentaries on implications of language education policies for language study in schools and universities. The situation in Africa, Europe, Japan, and Latin America are highlighted. (Author/VWL)

Byrnes, Heidi; Shohamy, Elana; Lo Bianco, Joseph; Webb, Vic; Yoshida, Kensaku; van Esch, Kees; Godenzzi, Juan C.

2003-01-01

439

Legal Issues Relating to School Paraprofessionals. A Legal Memorandum: Quarterly Law Topics for School Leaders, Spring 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Complaints, hearings, legal opinions, and lawsuits on issues surrounding the training and supervision of paraprofessionals are increasing. Concern over the lack of preparation of paraprofessionals and the sporadic nature of the training that is available to them (Morgan, Hofmeister, & Ashbaker, 1995; Pickett, 1996) have led to the development of…

Ashbaker, Betty Y.; Morgan, Jill

2004-01-01

440

Preliminary Evidence for an Association Between Social Anxiety Symptoms and Avoidance of Negative Faces in School-Age Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attentional biases with regard to emotional facial expressions are associated with social anxiety in adults. We investigated whether similar relations exist in children. Seventy-nine 8- to 11-year-olds completed a probe detection task. On a given trial, 1 of 3 pairs of faces was presented: negative-neutral, negative-positive, and positive-neutral.…

Stirling, Lucy J.; Eley, Thalia C.; Clark, David M.

2006-01-01

441

Secondary school physics availability in an urban setting: Issues related to academic achievement and course offerings  

Microsoft Academic Search

High school physics is a gateway course for post-secondary study in science, and an essential component in the formation of students' scientific literacy. The opportunity to study physics is not universally available for children in U.S. schools, particularly in urban areas. Restricted science opportunities result in inequitable participation and a barrier to future participation in STEM-related fields. Although the national

Angela M. Kelly; Keith Sheppard

2009-01-01

442

The Issue of Slavery within the Maliki School of Islamic Jurisprudence  

Microsoft Academic Search

recorded. The birth of Islam in the year 622 C.E. marked the beginning of a new course of action across much of the world. This new religion converted many souls in many lands—both free and slave—both by the word and by the sword. With this new religion came new legal schools (madhahib), such as the Maliki School of Islamic Jurisprudence

CODY HIGLEY

443

How Community Colleges Can Create Productive Collaborations with Local Schools. New Directions for Community Colleges, Issue 111. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of New Directions for Community Colleges focuses on ways of establishing and sustaining collaborative work between colleges and local school districts. Chapters included are: (1) "Building Bridges or Barriers? Public Policies That Facilitate or Impede Linkages between Community Colleges and Local School Districts" (Katherine Boswell);…

Palmer, James C., Ed.

2000-01-01

444

The Family-School Connection: Theory, Research, and Practice. Issues in Children's and Families' Lives, Vol. 2. The John & Kelly Hartman Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nature of the relationships among contemporary family variables and school achievement is examined in this collection of articles. Divided into two parts, the collection examines related processes and issues. In the first part, the chapters and authors are: (1) "The Family-School Relationships Model" (Bruce A. Ryan and Gerald R. Adams); (2)…

Ryan, Bruce A., Ed.; And Others

445

Communication and Collaboration During Natural Disasters: The Lessons Learned From Past Experience. Lessons Learned From School Crises and Emergencies, Volume 3, Issue 2, 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Lessons Learned" is a series of publications that are a brief recounting of actual school emergencies and crises. This "Lessons Learned" issue focuses on the response and recovery efforts to wildfires by the San Diego County Office of Education (SDCOE) and its school and community partners. Natural disasters such as floods, hurricanes,…

US Department of Education, 2008

2008-01-01

446

Whole-School Management Issues Concerning the PE Department: "A Natural Division of Labour?"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilising the labour ideas of Adam Smith and Emile Durkheim as a theoretical basis, the main objective of this study was to investigate the perception that Heads of Physical Education (HoPE) face unique management and leadership challenges. Results showed that HoPE believe that they are overburdened with tasks primarily involving the delegation of…

Williams, Gareth Mark; Williams, Dean

2013-01-01

447

Revisiting School District Consolidation Issues. Education Policy Brief. Volume 8, Number 3, Summer 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of a slow economic recovery from the Great Recession, state and local governments are faced with the challenge of providing services to citizens amidst ongoing budgetary woes. For instance, although the most recent Indiana revenue collections for the month of August were above revised projections to help start fiscal year 2011 (which…

Spradlin, Terry E.; Carson, Fatima R.; Hess, Sara E.; Plucker, Jonathan A.

2010-01-01

448

Fostering youth leadership to address workplace and community environmental health issues: a university-school-community partnership.  

PubMed

Many communities of color are disproportionately exposed to workplace and community environmental hazards. This article presents the results of a pilot project designed by a university-school-community partnership to develop youth leadership to confront these exposures. Using a popular empowerment education approach, students applied peer education, research, and organizing skills learned in the classroom to community-based internships in a service-learning model. Evaluation results from pretests and posttests, focus groups, and in-depth interviews demonstrated that students shared what they learned about young workers' rights and environmental justice with family and friends. They developed a critical analysis of environmental inequities, created a citywide youth coalition that advocates around legal, educational, and environmental issues affecting youth, and implemented campaigns to enforce child labor laws and to prevent school construction on contaminated land. This multifaceted model can serve as an important foundation to develop youth leaders to influence environmental policies in a variety of communities. PMID:16020622

Delp, Linda; Brown, Marianne; Domenzain, Alejandra

2005-07-01

449

Face to Face  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over evolutionary time, humans have developed a selective sensitivity to features in the human face that convey information\\u000a on sex, age, emotions, and intentions. This ability might not only be applied to our conspecifics nowadays, but also to other\\u000a living objects (i.e., animals) and even to artificial structures, such as cars. To investigate this possibility, we asked\\u000a people to report

Sonja Windhager; Dennis E. Slice; Katrin Schaefer; Elisabeth Oberzaucher; Truls Thorstensen; Karl Grammer

2008-01-01

450

Putting the Children First: The Changing Face of Newark's Public Schools. The Teaching for Social Justice Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book chronicles the educational struggle that took place in the city of Newark, New Jersey amidst years of political upheaval and economic neglect, focusing on Project New Beginnings, a 7-year collaboration between the Newark Public Schools and Bank Street College to restructure early childhood education. Organized in three parts, the book…

Silin, Jonathan G., Ed.; Lippman, Carol, Ed.

451

Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) Report for Michigan: School Custodian Dies from Blood Clots after Fall from Ladder.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On Friday, February 21, 2003, a 39-year-old substitute school custodian fell attempting to change a burned-out light bulb located 16 feet high on the back wall of an auditorium stage at approximately 1:30 p.m. When he fell, he was working alone. He called...

2004-01-01

452

Decision-Making Quandaries that Superintendents Face in Their Work in Small School Districts Building Democratic Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Superintendents of small school districts describe how they give voice, involve and listen to others, and solicit various publics to build democratic communities. Superintendents make sense of leadership through their constructed role, leadership orientation, and district size. Findings suggest the following when superintendents involve, listen,…

Touchton, Debra; Acker-Hocevar, Michele

2011-01-01

453

Using a Cultural Lens to Explore Challenges and Issues in Culturally Diverse Schools for Teach First Beginning Teachers: Implications for Future Teacher Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores some of the challenges faced by Teach First teachers during their first year of teaching in a culturally diverse school, and describes some of the strategies they employ to overcome them. Using a variety of methods, both qualitative and quantitative data are collected, focusing on the perspectives of the teachers over the…

Hramiak, Alison

2014-01-01

454

Highly Effective Teachers in Low Performing Urban Schools. The Claremont Letter. Volume 6, Issue 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For four years, a nine-member team studied 31 highly effective teachers in nine low-performing urban elementary, middle, and high schools in some of the most economically depressed neighborhoods in Los Angeles County. The teachers were selected based on having had the highest percentage of students moving up a level on the English/Language Arts or…

Poplin, Mary

2011-01-01

455

The Multilevel Crossed Random Effects Growth Model for Estimating Teacher and School Effects: Issues and Extensions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the multilevel linear crossed random effects growth model for estimating teacher and school effects from repeated measurements of student achievement. Results suggest that even a small degree of unmodeled nonlinearity can result in a substantial upward bias in the magnitude of the teacher effect, which raises concerns about…

Palardy, Gregory J.

2010-01-01

456

The Department of Education Budget: Selected Issues in Public School Funding and Accountability. Report No. 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings of a study on public school funding and accountability in Hawaii are presented in this report. Following a detailed executive summary, the introduction outlines the state legislative history that mandated the study and describes the study's design. Chapter 2 discusses the different methods used to analyze educational expenditures and…

Fukumoto, Keith H.

457

Geographical Space Surrounding School Settings as an Issue of Social Justice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the impact of geographical space on student achievement, examining academic achievement in schools located under the flight path to a major international airport and including statements of impoverished students living and educated within that traumatizing, noisy environment. Results highlight the social justice and equity-excellence…

Bruno, James E.

2000-01-01

458

The Fourth R-Revolvers: Principal Perceptions Related to Armed School Personnel and Related Legal Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States has experienced several mass killings by firearms in the recent past, but none has stirred the passions of the nation's citizens like the killing of innocent schoolchildren in Newtown, Connecticut. Debates immediately began regarding proposed solutions for making students safer in schools. One recommendation for promoting…

Weiler, Spencer C.; Armenta, Anthony D.

2014-01-01

459

The Issues of Self-Funding Benefits for Texas Independent School Districts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines whether self-funding health benefit plans for employees are appropriate for Texas school districts. In a self-funding plan, the cost of benefits is funded directly by the employer without the protection of an insurance contract. Proponents of the self-funding plan argue that it: (1) controls costs and improves the cash flow;…

Cryar, Virginia P.

460

The Overlooked Factor: The Resource Issue as the Shaper of Library and Information School Curricula.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Survey of constraints upon capacity for curriculum enrichment in schools of library and information studies in England and Wales reveals a lack of financial support with resources fixed to "historic costs." Discussion includes the effect on curricula, who's to blame for funding inadequacies, and strategies to secure adequate future funds. (MBR)

Davinson, Donald; Roberts, Norman

1985-01-01

461

Language-Minority Students: Instructional Issues in School Cultures and Classroom Social Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores a caveat for teaching language-minority students: As an educational community, teachers, teacher educators, and educational researchers need to be careful that they do not simply add to familiar patterns of instruction but rather actively seek ways to recast the cultures of schools and the social systems of classrooms to meet the needs of…

Palincsar, Annemarie Sullivan

1996-01-01

462

Afterschool Fosters Success in School. MetLife Foundation Afterschool Alert. Issue Brief No. 31  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the current climate of increased academic assessments, the discussion of student success in school is frequently limited to academic achievement. However, data show that when examining student success, components such as social development and prevention of risky behaviors significantly impact academic achievement. These outcomes form a…

Afterschool Alliance, 2008

2008-01-01

463

School Programs for African American Male Students. Trends and Issues No. 15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph describes recently initiated or proposed school- and community-sponsored educational programs for African American male children and youth. The decline in the urban industrial economy, the departure of middle- and working-class African Americans from the inner cities, and the burgeoning African American birthrate have contributed to…

Ascher, Carol

464

Built for Quality: The Capacity Needed to Oversee Charter Schools. Authorizer Issue Brief. Number 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The term "authorizer" conveys an imposing sense of size and authority, but in the world of charter schools, the authorizer is often a small-scale office or, more commonly, a single employee for whom chartering is just one among many responsibilities amidst a large institution like a state or local board of education, university, or private…

Smith, Nelson; Herdman, Paul

2004-01-01

465

Overview of Theme Issue with Title "Securing and Supporting Good Teaching: Views from the Schools."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contains 11 articles, including first-person accounts, on the work and work environment of teachers. Discusses the factors that make teaching satisfying or frustrating and offers suggestions for change in both the policy and organizational framework of the schools and the roles, relationships, and ethos knitting together individuals in particular…

Education and Urban Society, 1985

1985-01-01

466

Recurrent Issues in Efforts to Prevent Homicidal Youth Violence in Schools: Expert Opinions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developmental research on social influences on adolescents can guide practices aimed to prevent homicidal youth violence. School shootings have repeatedly raised questions about the contributory role of bullying and entertainment violence, how news media publicity might produce copycat crimes, and whether stiffer criminal sanctions might have a…

Dill, Karen E.; Redding, Richard E.; Smith, Peter K.; Surette, Ray; Cornell, Dewey G.

2011-01-01

467

Identifying and Selecting Able Students for the NAGTY Summer School: Emerging Issues and Future Considerations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, there has been an increasing recognition that the educational needs of able students were not being adequately met in British schools resulting in a series of governmental educational initiatives aiming at improving the education of able students. The establishment of the National Academy for Gifted and Talented Youth (NAGTY) at…

Hartas, Dimitra; Lindsay, Geoff; Muijs, Daniel

2008-01-01

468

Measuring and Improving the Effectiveness of High School Teachers. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most education reformers agree that effective teaching is defined by improving student learning, but they disagree on how to measure teacher effectiveness and how to use those measurements to improve teaching. In order to improve high school teaching, educators and policymakers must first invest in solid, objective ways to measure a teacher's…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2008

2008-01-01

469

High School Dropout and Graduation Rates in the Central Region. Issues & Answers. REL 2008-No. 040  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents comprehensive and detailed information on grades 7-12 dropout rates and on high school graduation rates in the Central Region. Dropout and graduation rates are presented for the region as a whole and for each state in the region, by gender, race/ethnicity, locale, and grade. The rates provide a comprehensive reference for…

Randel, Bruce; Moore, Laurie; Blair, Pam

2008-01-01

470

Two Mothers' Literate Lives: Provocative Issues about Parent Involvement and Community Building in Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents focal case studies of two working-class mothers who are building bridges between their individual homes and Parker Elementary (located in a small midwestern city) where both of their children attend school. The report delineates a study which examined how the literacy practices within the two women's households related to…

Whitmore, Kathryn F.; Norton-Meier, Lori; Whitehouse, Marianne McCabe

471

Stronger Fiscal Incentives Can Improve High School and Postsecondary Outcomes. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Never before in U.S. history has the quality of human resources--the skills and education of its people-been so important to the economic prospects of states and their residents. Within the next 20 years, the nation will lack 14 million people with postsecondary education unless states realize significant improvements in high school and…

Conklin, Kristin D.; Smith, Stephen

2004-01-01

472

An Issue without a History: A Consideration of the Impact of Sustainable Development upon School Administration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is problematic enough trying to extract the lessons from the past to inform the present and the future; it is even more difficult when there is no history upon which to draw. This is the case with respect to a consideration of the impact of sustainable development upon school administration. Whilst there is a history of events contributing to…

Bottery, Mike

2009-01-01

473

Overview of Health Issues in School-aged Children with Down Syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: School-aged children with Down syndrome experience an array of medical conditions and health care problems. Although there have been vast improvements in the medical management of these conditions, they still significantly impact on quality of life for families and children with Down syndrome. However, despite the magnitude of this problem limited literature has described the overall health status of

Kelly Thomas; Sonya Girdler; Jenny Bourke; Aditya Deshpande; Katherine Bathgate; Stephanie Fehr; Helen Leonard

2010-01-01

474

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS' COMPUTER AND INTERNET USE AT HOME: CURRENT TRENDS AND ISSUES  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the past decade, the number of computers in the home have been steadily increasing. Yet relatively little is known about how children are actually using computers at home. This article elaborates on the results of a survey in which 291 parents of an urban elementary school (K-6) participated. Parents reported on their computer equipment at home, the type and

YASMIN B. KAFAI; SHARON SUTTON

1999-01-01

475

Changes and Challenges: Key Issues for Scottish Rural Schools and Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education in rural Scottish schools has changed rapidly over the past 15 years. These changes include the implementation of national curriculum and assessment guidelines, increased parental influence and a shift from local authority based management to more locally based schemes. During the 1990s, research in the field focused largely on learning…

Dowling, Jennie

2009-01-01

476

Infectious Diseases Update. Vol. 1. Current Issues in School and Community Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet, designed to provide up-to-date, accurate information, focuses on selected viral diseases that are potentially serious, often not well understood, and periodically in the news media because of their continued impact on school and community health. General information is provided on viral diseases, the immune system, vaccines, and how…

Bower, Wilma; And Others

477

Hidden Benefits: The Impact of High School Graduation on Household Wealth. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several recent reports have highlighted the earnings gap between high school graduates and dropouts; however, earnings tell only part of the story. Families rely on income from salary for regular expenses, but real economic security requires accumulated wealth. Education can be the key to higher earnings, but it is even more importantly linked to…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2007

2007-01-01

478

The 12 Key Topics: Middle School, 1999-2000. Issue 6. Ohio's Career Development Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet consists of 11 learning activities for middle school students related to the 12 key topics in Ohio's Individual Career Plan (ICP) process. The activities focus on workplaces and careers; tools of the trade (list occupations in which tools are used); it's my job (skills necessary for a pictured job, reasons the worker might lose his/her…

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus. Div. of Vocational and Career Education.

479

Case Study of a Collaborative University/School District Teacher Induction Program: Issues and Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a collaborative effort between a Nevada school district and the University of Nevada to support first-year teachers. The internship program provided mentoring, support, and services to first-year teachers. The article describes the three-phase approach to collaboration and offers recommendations for collaborative programs. (SM)

Krajewski, Junean J.; Cheney, Christine O.

1993-01-01

480

Characteristics of Arizona School Districts in Improvement. Issues & Answers. REL 2008-No. 054  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policymakers in Arizona and the other states served by the West Regional Educational Laboratory, like their counterparts across the country, are actively addressing the school and district improvement requirements of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001. They have developed criteria based on assessment and accountability data to identify…

Crane, Eric W.; Huang, Chun-Wei; Derby, Kenwyn; Makkonen, Reino; Goel, Aditi M.

2008-01-01

481

Characteristics of California School Districts in Program Improvement. Issues & Answers. REL 2008-No. 055  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This descriptive analysis provides a statistical profile of California's Title I school districts in program improvement. As an independent analysis of these districts in the aggregate, it is intended to inform the context for district improvement as California rolls out and refines its district intervention strategies. A key finding of this study…

Crane, Eric W.; Huang, Chun-Wei; Derby, Kenwyn; Makkonen, Reino; Goel, Aditi M.

2008-01-01

482

Florida's Lessons for Indiana K-12 Reform. School Choice Issues in the State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jeb Bush campaigned for Governor on a clear and bracing set of education reforms in 1998. Having won office, he immediately pursued a dual track strategy of education reform: standards and accountability for public schools, choice options for dissatisfied parents. Florida lawmakers followed these reforms with additional measures, including…

Ladner, Matthew

2009-01-01

483

Creating Schools That Support Success for English Language Learners. Lessons Learned. Volume 1, Issue 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The past two decades have brought the second largest wave of immigration in U.S. history. This has led to a rapid and unprecedented influx of immigrants to the Pacific Northwest as well as a rise in the number of English language learners (ELLs) in schools. Between 2002-2003 and 2007-2008, the Northwest's annual growth in ELL enrollment was nearly…

Stepanek, Jennifer; Raphael, Jacqueline

2010-01-01

484

Direct Instruction in Mathematics: Issues for Schools with High Indigenous Enrolments--A Literature Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Direct instruction, an approach that is becoming familiar to Queensland schools that have high Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations, has been gaining substantial political and popular support in the United States of America [USA], England and Australia. Recent examples include the No Child Left Behind policy in the USA, the British…

Ewing, Bronwyn

2011-01-01

485

A Fiscal Analysis of Proposed Education Access Grants in Minneapolis. School Choice Issues in the State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the fiscal impact of model legislation that would create Education Access Grants in Minnesota. The legislation would provide grants for low-income students to attend private schools. Specifically, this study examines the effect of implementing Education Access Grants in Minneapolis, the state's largest metropolitan area. It…

Maas, Ericca

2005-01-01

486

Failing to Qualify: The First Step to Failure in School? Issue Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, IDEA, is to ensure that all children with disabilities have access to an appropriate public education. However, schools may be barring that access for many children with mental and emotional disorders by using inadequate assessment rules. Children who fail to qualify under the IDEA…

Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law, Washington, DC.

487

Issues in Education: African American Male-Only Schools. Is That the Solution?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the advantages and disadvantages of African-American male-only classes and schools, which are staffed mainly by African-American male teachers. Focuses on attempts to create such institutions in Detroit, Baltimore, Milwaukee, and Dade County, Florida. (MDM)

Greathouse, Betty; Sparling, Saundra

1993-01-01

488

Rethinking Elementary School Mathematics: Insights and Issues. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, Monograph Number 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph chronicles a field-based investigation of children's learning in a second grade mathematics classroom over the course of a school year. The interrelated aspects of the processes by which children learn mathematics with meaning are illustrated here. The investigation was expanded to include a sociological analysis in an attempt to…

Wood, Terry, Ed.; Cobb, Paul, Ed.; Yackel, Erna, Ed.; Dillion, Deborah, Ed.

489

Ethical Use of Information Technologies in Education: Important Issues for America's Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to the rapid growth of computer crime and such illegitimate practices as piracy and fraud, the National Institute of Justice and the Office for Educational Research and Improvement have formed a partnership to promote school programs on the ethical uses of new technologies. This report, the first of the partnership, is designed to…

Sivin, Jay P.; Bialo, Ellen R.

490

Bringing Human Rights Back Home: Learning from "Superman" and Addressing Political Issues at School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Human rights are commonly conceived as more relevant to foreign policy than day-to-day living. Drawing on Eleanor Roosevelt's conception of human rights as beginning close to home, this article illustrates how human rights principles might inform everyday processes of schooling and learning to live together. It considers rights to, in and…

Osler, Audrey

2013-01-01

491

Divided by a Common Degree Program? Profiling Online and Face-to-Face Information Science Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines profiles of online and face-to-face students in a single information science school: the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee School of Information Studies. A questionnaire was administered to 76 students enrolled in online course sections and 72 students enrolled in face-to-face course sections. The questionnaire examined student…

Haigh, Maria

2007-01-01

492

Tracking Faces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Robust tracking and segmentation of faces is a prerequi- site for face analysis and recognition. In this paper, we de- scribe an approach to this problem which is well suited to surveillance applications with poorly constrained viewing conditions. It integrates motion-based tracking with model- based face detection to produce segmented face sequences from complex scenes containing several people. The motion

Stephen J. Mckenna; Shaogang Gong

1996-01-01

493

A Survey of Public Education in the Nation's Urban School Districts, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This survey provides information on many of the critical issues facing urban schools. It reflects data collected from school districts that constitute the National School Boards Association's Council of Urban Boards of Education (CUBE) and some districts eligible for participation in this group. Of the 85 districts that participated in the study,…

National School Boards Association, Alexandria, VA. Council of Urban Boards of Education.

494

School Counselor Competency and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning (LGBTQ) Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much research has been dedicated to the difficulties LGBTQ individuals face. Further, school counselors have been challenged to assist LGBTQ individuals in the school setting. Being aware of the specific issues and being educated about specific ways to assist these individuals enable school counselors to be more effective clinicians (DePaul,…

Byrd, Rebekah; Hays, Danica G.

2012-01-01

495

Challenges Facing Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents 17 selected papers from recent issues of the journal, "Focus on Exceptional Children," concerning current and emerging challenges facing the field of special education. The book is organized in two parts. Part 1, "Contemporary Challenges," includes the following articles: "Transitions in Early Childhood Special Education: Issues

Meyen, Edward L., Ed.; And Others

496

Resources and Issues to Consider for Astronomers Who Wish to Work with Out-of-School Time Organizations and Programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Out-of-school time (OST) programs provide rich opportunities to inspire and engage young people in astronomy and other sciences. OST programs include non-profit and commercial programs that provide before and/or after school care, youth organizations such as Boys and Girls Clubs, 4-H and Scouts, summer camps and other summer programs, library programs and a wealth of other settings that are less restricted (particularly in today’s climate of high-stakes testing in public education) than K-12 classrooms. OST programs are of course very different (workforce, modes of youth participation, funding sources, sustainability of partnerships, etc.) than formal education so astronomers and science educators need to know and honor the differences when forming partnerships and/or developing or adapting materials. This poster will provide information on the following four topics: 1. Why astronomers should consider working with OST programs and organizations. 2. How to determine which OST programs and organizations would be good partners for particular astronomy education and public outreach programs. 3. Advice from OST leaders and from astronomers who have partnered with OST programs and organizations. 4. Resources for astronomers who want to start working with OST programs and organizations. The presenters are members of the NASA Science Mission Directorate Out-of-School Time Working Group (OSTWG) which has been gathering information on OST programs and organizations for four years. In particular, OSTWG has been examining the issues that are driving the rapidly-evolving landscape of OST (e.g., more attention to science standards and connections to school programs) and the research on OST program outcomes. The OSTWG Web site is at http://www.s2n2.org/ostwg. The presenters would like to thank the NASA Science Mission Directorate for supporting the activities of OSTWG.

Lutz, Julie H.; Powell, D.; Frieling, J.

2006-12-01

497

Afterschool: A Key to Successful Parent Engagement. MetLife Foundation Afterschool Alert. Issue Brief No. 57  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Afterschool Alliance, in partnership with MetLife Foundation, is proud to present the third in its latest series of four issue briefs examining critical issues facing middle school youth and the vital role afterschool programs play in addressing these issues. This brief explores afterschool and parent engagement. There is little dispute…

Afterschool Alliance, 2012

2012-01-01

498

High School and Community College Dual Enrollment: Issues of Rigor and Transferability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In December 1993, the University of Florida issued a report that found that the vast majority of students who had taken chemistry courses in dual enrollment programs at a community college and who did not meet standard admissions requirements were required to retake their courses at the University. In response to the report, the state's Community…

Windham, Patricia

499

Journal of the Naval Postgraduate School Center for Homeland Defense and Security. Volume 6. Issue 3.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The articles and essays in this issue of Homeland Security Affairs all reflect-- in some manner--on how we, as a nation, approach the process of homeland security. Ranging from specific suggestions for procedures and systems to more philosophical discours...

2010-01-01

500

Litigation and Liabilities: Issues in Nonpublic Schools (Negligent Hiring and Retention and Employer Liability).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The torts of negligent hiring and negligent retention occur when an employer breaches a duty in hiring or retaining an employee who is incompetent or unfit for the job to which the employee is assigned; and consequently, the actions of that employee proximately cause injuries to a third party. This paper examines legal issues regarding negligent…

Perrotta, Robert A.