These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Short-term eddy-covariance measurements of CO2 fluxes at Itaipu Lake, Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe a 5-day campaign of eddy-covariance measurements at Itaipu Lake, in Southern Brazil and estimates of CO2 fluxes over crops in the same region with a SVAT model. Itaipu Lake was formed from the damming of Paraná River at the border between Brazil and Paraguay close to Foz do Iguaçu (BR) and Ciudad del Leste (PY); Itaipu dam is jointly operated by both countries. The measurements were made on the Brazilian side, at a very small island (Lat: -25o 03'25.72" Long -54o 24'33.67" : Altitude: 220 m ASL) located approximately 420 m away from the left (Brazilian) bank. The fetch to the ragged countour of the lake is rather large in the North-South direction: 2891 m to the North, and 1817 m to the South. Eddy covariance instrumentation mounted on a short tower consisted of a Li-Cor LI7500 open-path gas analyzer measuring CO2 and H2O concentrations; 4 Campbell FW3 fine-wire thermocouples and a Campbell CSAT-3 three-dimensional sonic anemometer, and were made at 3.76 m above the tower base, which remained at 2.8 m above the water level during the campaign. Mean concentrations of CO2 with Vaisala GM343 sensors were made at the tower, at 1.77 and 3.66 m above the tower base. The sensors were intercompared before the field experiment. The measurements reported here took place from 00:00 hrs Local Time of Dec 8th 2012 to 00:00 hrs of Dec 13 8th 2012. During most of the time there was fair weather, and the wind came predominantly from the North or North-East, with very favorable fetches. Standard data processing included coordinate rotation, linear detrending, despiking and density corrections. Peak positive and negative CO2 fluxes were -0.016 and +0.013 mmol/m2/s, respectively, with a mean value over the 5-day period of -0.14 mmol/m2/s. This may be compared to CO2 flux estimates using a SVAT model over soy, which yielded peak daytime values of 0.027 mmol/m2/s. These values should be interpreted as local both in time and space (i.e. neither representative of the whole lake or the whole land), and more research is needed to extend their representativeness in time and space. The sign of the CO2 fluxes showed qualitative agreement with 30-min. mean CO2 measurements, with most runs displaying the same sign for the fluxes and (minus) the mean CO2 concentration difference between the 1.77 and 3.66-m levels, suggesting that CO2 flux estimates with mass-transfer theory may be feasible at the site.

Dias, N. L.; Crivellaro, B. L.; Armani, F. S.; Chor, T. L.; Gobbi, M. F.; Santos, A. L.; Lemma/UFPR Scientific Team

2013-05-01

2

Spatial-temporal analysis of marine debris on beaches of Niterói, RJ, Brazil: Itaipu and Itacoatiara.  

PubMed

In many areas of the world, studies of marine debris are conducted with an emphasis on analyzing their composition, quantification and distribution on sandy beaches. However, in Brazil, studies are still restricted to some areas of the coast, and the quantities and the spatial and temporal patterns are unknown. To enhance the marine debris information in these areas, we selected the Itaipu and Itacoatiara beaches in Niterói, RJ, to collect, quantify and qualify the solid residues present in their sands. We collected 12 samples and recorded 118.39kg of residues in Itaipu and 62.94kg in Itacoatiara. At both beaches, the largest portion of debris was located on the upper part of the beach. Several debris items were related to food and drink consumption on the beaches, which indicated the contribution of beach users to pollution. Most of the debris was plastic. The greatest amount of debris was found at Itaipu in January and February and at Itacoatiara in January and March, months related to both the holiday season and abundant rainfall. The results demonstrated the necessity to implement an Environmental Education project for these areas to reduce its degradation. PMID:25627197

Silva, Melanie Lopes da; Araújo, Fábio Vieira de; Castro, Rebeca Oliveira; Sales, Alessandro Souza

2015-03-15

3

A barrier to upstream migration in the fish passage of Itaipu Dam (Canal da Piracema), Paraná River basin  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The majority of the fish passages built in the Neotropical region are characterised by low efficiency and high selectivity; in many cases, the benefits to fish populations are uncertain. Studies conducted in the Canal da Piracema at Itaipu dam on the Parana River indicate that the system component designated as the Discharge channel in the Bela Vista River (herein named Canal de deságue no rio Bela Vista or CABV), a 200 m long technical section, was the main barrier to the upstream migration. The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of restriction imposed by the CABV on upstream movements of Prochilodus lineatus and Leporinus elongatus, Characiformes. Fish were tagged with passive integrated transponders (PIT tags) and released both downstream and upstream of this critical section. Individuals of both species released downstream of the CABV took much more time to reach the upper end of the system (43.6 days vs. 15.9 days), and passed in much lower proportions (18% vs. 60.8%) than those tagged upstream of this component. Although more work is needed to differentiate between fishway effects and natural variation in migratory motivation, the results clearly demonstrate passage problems at the CABV.

Theodore R Castro-Santos; Fontes Júnior, Hélio Martins; Makrakis, Sergio; Gomes, Luiz Carlos; Latini, João Dirço

2012-01-01

4

[Specific dengue transmission conditions at the local level: a study in Itaipu, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil].  

PubMed

This study analyzes the specific conditions involved in dengue transmission in various areas in Itaipu, a coastal neighborhood in the city of Niterói, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, with a focus on socio-environmental determinants and conditioning factors. Four areas were selected with similar dengue incidence rates but different urban planning and socioeconomic patterns. The socio-spatial characteristics of each area were obtained through interviews with key informants and systematic observation. Two distinct factors were identified that may potentially condition the risk of dengue transmission. The first related to the limited water supply and scarce financial resources in a lower-income population. The second was associated with a group having better socioeconomic status, which allowed them to store water in larger tanks. The implementation of a housing infrastructure generated by real estate speculation was a determining factor for the creation of socio-spatial segregation, resulting in different forms of receptiveness and vulnerability to dengue. In this sense, the incomplete and unequal installation of housing infrastructure is a determining factor for the differentiated generation of vector breeding sites and thus for dengue transmission. PMID:19750381

San Pedro, Alexandre; Souza-Santos, Reinaldo; Sabroza, Paulo Chagastelles; Oliveira, Rosely Magalhães de

2009-09-01

5

Coming: 12,600 megawatts at Itaipu Island  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the hydroelectric plant being constructed jointly by Brazil and Paraguay on Itaipu Island in the Parana River. The planned generating capacity of 12,600 MW will make the Itaipu plant the world's largest. It will employ the most powerful hydrogenerators and turbines yet built, the world's largest concentration of 500-kilovolt gas-insulated switchgear, the highest dc transmission voltages and

de Moraes

1983-01-01

6

Dams in the Amazon: Belo Monte and Brazil's hydroelectric development of the Xingu River Basin.  

PubMed

Hydroelectric dams represent major investments and major sources of environmental and social impacts. Powerful forces surround the decision-making process on public investments in the various options for the generation and conservation of electricity. Brazil's proposed Belo Monte Dam (formerly Kararaô) and its upstream counterpart, the Altamira Dam (better known by its former name of Babaquara) are at the center of controversies on the decision-making process for major infrastructure projects in Amazonia. The Belo Monte Dam by itself would have a small reservoir area (440 km2) and large installed capacity (11, 181.3 MW), but the Altamira/Babaquara Dam that would regulate the flow of the Xingu River (thereby increasing power generation at Belo Monte) would flood a vast area (6140 km2). The great impact of dams provides a powerful reason for Brazil to reassess its current policies that allocate large amounts of energy in the country's national grid to subsidized aluminum smelting for export. The case of Belo Monte and the five additional dams planned upstream (including the Altamira/Babaquara Dam) indicate the need for Brazil to reform its environmental assessment and licensing system to include the impacts of multiple interdependent projects. PMID:16738820

Fearnside, Phillip M

2006-07-01

7

Dams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Through eight lessons, students are introduced to many facets of dams, including their basic components, the common types (all designed to resist strong forces), their primary benefits (electricity generation, water supply, flood control, irrigation, recreation), and their importance (historically, currently and globally). Through an introduction to kinetic and potential energy, students come to understand how dams generate electricity. They learn about the structure, function and purpose of locks, which involves an introduction to Pascal's law, water pressure and gravity. Other lessons introduce students to common environmental impacts of dams and the engineering approaches to address them. They learn about the life cycle of salmon and the many engineered dam structures that aid in their river passage, as they think of their own methods and devices that could help fish migrate past dams. Students learn how dams and reservoirs become part of the Earth's hydrologic cycle, focusing on the role of evaporation. To conclude, students learn that dams do not last forever; they require ongoing maintenance, occasionally fail or succumb to "old age," or are no longer needed, and are sometimes removed. Through associated hands-on activities, students track their personal water usage; use clay and plastic containers to model and test four types of dam structures; use paper cups and water to learn about water pressure and Pascal's Law; explore kinetic energy by creating their own experimental waterwheel from two-liter plastic bottles; collect and count a stream's insects to gauge its health; play an animated PowerPoint game to quiz their understanding of the salmon life cycle and fish ladders; run a weeklong experiment to measure water evaporation and graph their data; and research eight dams to find out and compare their original purposes, current status, reservoir capacity and lifespan. Woven throughout the unit is a continuing hypothetical scenario in which students act as consulting engineers with a Splash Engineering firm, assisting Thirsty County in designing a dam for Birdseye River.

Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,

8

Ascent of neotropical migratory fish in the Itaipu Reservoir fish pass  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Piracema Canal is a complex 10-km fish pass system that climbs 120m to connect the Paran?? River to the Itaipu Reservoir along the Brazil-Paraguay border. The canal was constructed to allow migratory fishes to reach suitable habitats for reproduction and feeding in tributaries upstream from the reservoir. The Piracema Canal attracted 17 of the 19 long-distance migratory species that have been recorded in the Paran?? River Basin and Paraguay-Paran?? Basin. However, the incidence of migratory fish decreased from downstream to upstream, with the pattern of decrease depending on species. Overall, 0.5% of the migratory fish that entered the Piracema Canal and segment 1, eventually were able to reach segment 5 and potentially Itaipu Reservoir. Ascension rate was examined relative to various physical attributes of canal segments; maximum water velocity emerged as the most influential variable affecting fish passage. Water velocity may be manipulated by controlling water discharge, and by re-engineering critical sections of the canal. Because the Itaipu Reservoir flooded a set of falls that separated two distinct biogeographical regions, facilitating fish movements through the Piracema Canal into the Itaipu Reservoir presents a management dilemma that requires deliberation in the context of the fish assemblages rather than on selected migratory species. ?? 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Makrakis, S.; Miranda, L.E.; Gomes, L.C.; Makrakis, M.C.; Junior, H.M.F.

2011-01-01

9

Determining the influence of Itaipu Lake on thermal conditions for soybean development in adjacent lands  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Previous numerical simulations have suggested that the area adjacent to Itaipu Lake in Southern Brazil is significantly affecting the local thermal regime through development of a lake breeze. This has led to concerns that soybean growth and development, and consequently yield, has been affected by the creation of the artificial lake in this important agricultural region, but a systematic climatological study of the thermal effects of Itaipu Lake has not been conducted. The objectives of this study were to assess the spatial pattern of minimum and maximum air temperatures in a 10-km-wide area adjacent to Itaipu Lake as affected by distance from the water. Measurements were conducted over 3 years in seven transects along the shore of Itaipu Lake, with five weather stations placed in each transect. Phenological observations in soybean fields surrounding the weather stations were also conducted. Generalized additive models for location, scale, and shape (GAMLSS) analysis indicated no difference in the temperature time series as distance from water increased. Semivariograms showed that the random components in the air temperature were predominant and that there was no spatial structure to the signal. Wind direction measured over the three growing seasons demonstrated that, on average, the development of a lake breeze is limited to a few locations and a few hours of the day, supporting the temporal and spatial analysis. Phenological observations did not show differences in the timing of critical soybean stages. We suggest that the concerns that soybean development is potentially affected by the presence of Itaipu Lake are not supported by the thermal environment observed.

Wagner-Riddle, C.; Werner, S. S.; Caramori, P.; Ricce, W. S.; Nitsche, P.; von Bertoldi, P.; de Souza, E. F.

2015-02-01

10

Brazil's Balbina Dam: Environment versus the legacy of the Pharaohs in Amazonia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Balbina Dam in Brazil's state of Amazonas floods 2360 km2 of tropical forest to generate an average of only 112.2 MW of electricity. The flat topography and small size of the drainage basin make output small. Vegetation has been left to decompose in the reservoir, resulting in acidic, anoxic water that will corrode the turbines. The shallow reservoir contains

Philip M. Fearnside

1989-01-01

11

RADIOCARBON DATING SITES OF ITAPARICA DAM, SÃO FRANCISCO RIVER VALLEY, BRAZIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports radiocarbon dates of samples from archaeological sites in the Itaparica Dam region of the São Francisco River (Brazil). This region is important due to the evidence of its use by several prehistoric groups of hunter- gatherers. In the 1980s, a Brazilian state hydroelectric company (CHESF) engaged the federal universities of Bahia and Per- nambuco to perform an

L R P de Andrade Lima

12

Identification of spawning sites and natural nurseries of fishes in the upper Paraná River, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Synopsis  We studied the timing of migratory fish spawning in the last dam-free stretch of the upper Paraná River and in Itaipu Reservoir. Eggs were more common in the Amambai and Ivaï Rivers, while larvae predominated in the Paraná River and in Itaipu Reservoir. Both eggs and larvae were more abundant at night. The highest abundance of eggs was in October

Gilmar Baumgartner; Keshiyu Nakatani; Luiz Carlos Gomes; Andréa Bialetzki; Paulo Vanderlei Sanches

2004-01-01

13

Profiles of sex steroids, fecundity, and spawning of the curimatã-pacu Prochilodus argenteus in the São Francisco River, downstream from the Três Marias Dam, Southeastern Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study evaluated for the first time sex steroid profiles and fecundity in females of Prochilodus argenteus from two sections of the São Francisco River Brazil, downstream from the Três Marias Dam, which influences characteristics of their water habitat. The model species in the study, P. argenteus, is an important commercial and recreational species in Brazil. In the region

Fábio. P. Arantes; Helio B. Santos; Elizete Rizzo; Yoshimi Sato; Nilo Bazzoli

2010-01-01

14

Profiles of sex steroids, fecundity, and spawning of the curimatã-pacu Prochilodus argenteus in the São Francisco River, downstream from the Três Marias Dam, Southeastern Brazil.  

PubMed

The present study evaluated for the first time sex steroid profiles and fecundity in females of Prochilodus argenteus from two sections of the São Francisco River Brazil, downstream from the Três Marias Dam, which influences characteristics of their water habitat. The model species in the study, P. argenteus, is an important commercial and recreational species in Brazil. In the region closest to the dam (section 1), females did not reach final oocyte maturation, failed to spawn, and displayed lesser circulating concentrations of testosterone, 17(-hydroxyprogesterone (17(-P) and 17beta-estradiol (E2) than those farther downstream of the dam (section 2). The endocrine and fecundity deficiencies probably are attributed to lower water temperature and oxygen concentration in (section 1). The follicular atresia rate in the region closest to the dam (26%) was greater than those fish captured farther downstream of the dam (13%), after the Abaeté River (section 2). Variations in testosterone, E2 and 17(-P concentrations in section 2, followed gonadal maturation which are typical features of species which have seasonal reproduction, group-synchronous oocyte development, and are single batch spawners such as P. argenteus. Results document the first evidence of endocrine and reproductive dysfunctions caused by inadequate water conditions in a wild population of the migratory species P. argenteus in the São Francisco River, downstream from the Três Marias dam. PMID:19683404

Arantes, Fábio P; Santos, Helio B; Rizzo, Elizete; Sato, Yoshimi; Bazzoli, Nilo

2010-04-01

15

Survey of broad-snouted caiman Caiman latirostris, marsh deer Blastocerus dichotomus and capybara Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris in the area to be inundated by Porto Primavera Dam, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

We surveyed broad-snouted caiman Caiman latirostris, marsh deer Blastocerus dichotomus and capybara Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris along the Paraná River of southeastern Brazil in the area to be flooded by the Porto Primavera Dam. We conducted night-light counts along 124 km of the Paraná River and its tributaries. The mean observed density was 0·12 caiman per km surveyed. We counted caiman nests,

Guilherme Mourão; Zilca Campos

1995-01-01

16

Influence of environmental parameters on the concentration of subsurface dissolved methane in two hydroelectric power plants in Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Methane (CH4) is a trace gas in the atmosphere of great importance for atmospheric chemistry as one of the main greenhouse gases. There are different sources with the largest individual production associated with the degradation of organic matter submerged in flooded areas. The amount of dissolved methane that reaches the surface depends on the production in the sediments and consumption in the water column. Both processes are associated with microbial activity and consequently dependent on the physico-chemical environmental conditions. The construction of hydroelectric dams cause flooding of areas near the river that can change the characteristics of the environment and cause changes in subsurface methane concentration. In this work, we studied two hydroelectric plants located in Brazil: Batalha (17°20'39.52"S, 47°29'34.29"W), under construction when the samples were take, and Itaipu (25°24'45.00"S, 54°35'39.00"W) which has been floated over 30 years ago. The water samples to determine dissolved methane were collected approximately 5 cm near the surface. In each collection point was measured depth, water temperature, pH and redox potential. The range of dissolved methane between the two dams was similar: 0.07-10.33 ?g/l (Batalha) and 0.15-10.93 ?g/l (Itaipu). However, the Batalha's average (4.04 × 3.43 ?g/l; median = 3.66 ?g/l) was higher than that observed in Itaipu (2.15 × 1.59 ?g/l; median = 2.53 ?g/l). The influence of environmental parameters on the concentration of dissolved methane was evaluated by multivariate statistical techniques (Principal Component Analysis - PCA). All of the parameters had some correlation with dissolved methane, however, the greatest contribution in Batalha was associated with pH while in Itaipu was the depth. The pH variation of the various points studied in Batalha may be associated with periods of drought and flooding of the river and hence the incorporation of organic matter in the environment. The organisms responsible for the production and oxidation of methane in water are very susceptible to changes in pH, resulting in variations in the amount of gas that is transported to the surface. In Itaipu, depth variation was shown to have more influence than the other parameters. The increase of the water column results in a longer path through which methane is transported, increasing the oxidation potencial by bacteria in the water, decreasing the amount of CH4 can be emitted to the atmosphere. The comparison between the two dams showed that the environmental parameters influences the the production and consumption of methane in water and the importance of each parameter can vary according to the characteristics of each reservoir.

Silva, M. G.; Marani, L.; Alvala, P. C.

2013-12-01

17

Changes in a large regulated tropical river: The Paraná River downstream from the Porto Primavera Dam, Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dams disturb in the fluvial dynamics by changing the natural cycle of the rivers, interfering with the transport-deposition processes and affecting river ecology. The Brazilian part of the Paraná Basin has the largest hydrometrical power potential of the country with more than 150 hydroelectric power dams that transformed the Paraná River and its tributaries in a succession of lakes. This research aims to analyze the changes in certain fluvial variables in the last natural downstream reach of the Upper Paraná River after closure of the Porto Primavera Dam. Data acquired before and after dam construction showed changes in water discharge, bank erosion, flood pulse, bed load grain size discharge, concentration of suspended load and bedform morphology and size. Those alterations generated changes in river ecology especially on fish reproduction, benthic community, and rotifers variety and density. A review of the obscure regional literature, generally in Portuguese, is also presented.

Stevaux, José C.; Martins, Débora P.; Meurer, M.

2009-12-01

18

Reservoir stratification affects methylmercury levels in river water, plankton, and fish downstream from Balbina hydroelectric dam, Amazonas, Brazil.  

PubMed

The river downstream from a dam can be more contaminated by mercury than the reservoir itself. However, it is not clear how far the contamination occurs downstream. We investigated the seasonal variation of methylmercury levels in the Balbina reservoir and how they correlated with the levels encountered downstream from the dam. Water, plankton, and fishes were collected upstream and at sites between 0.5 and 250 km downstream from the dam during four expeditions in 2011 and 2012. Variations in thermal stratification of the reservoir influenced the methylmercury levels in the reservoir and in the river downstream. Uniform depth distributions of methylmercury and oxygen encountered in the poorly stratified reservoir during the rainy season collections coincided with uniformly low methylmercury levels along the river downstream from the dam. During dry season collections, the reservoir was strongly stratified, and anoxic hypolimnion water with high methylmercury levels was exported downstream. Methylmercury levels declined gradually to 200 km downstream. In general, the methylmercury levels in plankton and fishes downstream from the dam were higher than those upstream. Higher methylmercury levels observed 200-250 km downstream from the dam during flooding season campaigns may reflect the greater inflow from tributaries and flooding of natural wetlands that occurred at this time. PMID:24397364

Kasper, Daniele; Forsberg, Bruce R; Amaral, João H F; Leitão, Rafael P; Py-Daniel, Sarah S; Bastos, Wanderley R; Malm, Olaf

2014-01-21

19

The Effect of Large Dams on Flow Regime and Eco-hydrologic Connectivity Processes in the Floodplain of the Upper Parana River, Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Parana River, one of the largest alluvial rivers of the world, had been strongly affected by dams in special along the Brazilian territory. Here we present results on the eco-hydrologic effect of dams on the floodplain of the upper Paraná River, from Porto Primavera Dam to Guaíra, Brazil along more than 200km. The area includes the last remnant of floodplain in "natural" conditions of the Paraná River in Brazilian territory. Detailed mapping and field surveys of morpho-vegetation units and floristic identifications were performed. The daily discharges, stages and flow variability and temporal distribution of flows as well as the ENSO events influence, time duration flows curves and recurrence curves were analyzed at three gauge stations: Porto São José, Porto Caiuá and Guaíra. The record was divided in three periods taking account the human impact on the basin. The first period extended from 1971 to 1982, the second one from 1982 to 1998 and the last one from 1999 to 2006. Since the first period a decreasing in flow duration is detected as well as a decreasing of the recurrence period of floods. The effect of the Porto Primavera dam construction in 1998 was very strong and affected substantially the hydrology and ecology of the fluvial system. The hydrological regime was related with the ecologically important morphologic levels (stages) of the floodplain to determine the river-floodplain connections. The river stages (levels) were tested and studied for each temporal interval. The difference in river stages necessaries for connections as proposed permit the idealization of different scenarios on the ecology of the river-floodplain system and suggest that improvements need to be obtained in the identification of critical values connecting the channel with the floodplain to different stages.

Aquino, S.; Souza Filho, E. E.; Stevaux, J. C.; Corradini, F.

2008-12-01

20

The role of water balance accounting in the decision-making process leading to new small dams in the Preto River Basin in the Federal District, Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Water balance accounting models use system inflows and outflows to calculate how much water is available for human activities to be carried out. These models can also contribute to decision-making processes in areas suffering from seasonal water scarcity, as it is the case observed in the Preto River basin (PRB). Small dams are a widely used means to increase system storage in the PRB, once they can smooth seasonal water scarcity when planned carefully. The Water Evaluation and Planning (WEAP) system was used to investigate the role a water balance accounting model has in decision-making processes, and how this role can be extended or improved. Over the last two decades plans have been made for the construction of a couple of dozens of new small dams in the Preto River basin in the Federal District (DF) of Brazil. New small dams are planned to improve water availability for irrigation purposes during seasonal water scarcity. Researches carried out did not address the relation between stakeholder involvement in the decision-making process and water balances and allocation. This, while water allocation is a sensitive matter in the region. This case is well suited to investigate the role of models in decision-making processes. Various reasons for this can be listed. First of all, the decision-making processes leading to new small dams failed. With a water balance accounting model being used for the first time, results and progress of the current process can be compared with outcomes of earlier processes. Secondly, a water balance accounting model offers the opportunity to simulate the impacts of new small dams on the entire PRB. This bears the possibility to involve many stakeholders at the same time. Thirdly, the possibility to regard the PRB at a high level using water balance accounting joins to the tendency of a large share of public stakeholders in DF. Fourthly and lastly, an inverse line of thought can be proposed. In the PRB, WEAP was applied to generate information for the decision-making process leading to the implementation of new small dams. This application provided data concerning the impacts of small dam ensembles on a high scale. With WEAP, the requirements for locations of new small reservoirs were investigated. However, results indicated how dams influence the PRB system. What has become clear is the fact that localized research (as opposed to system research) into soil type, discharges and actual water use is necessary for gathering site-specific requirements. So formulating general requirements by means of a water balance accounting model indicated which specific requirements should be formulated in the future. Using WEAP in this context has also indicated that some reservoirs are not small in the eyes of some stakeholders. This is an important example of how the use of WEAP improves the notion stakeholders might have of the small dam project as initiated by policy makers. Applying WEAP showed that using a water balance accounting model allows for integration of important stakeholder and institutional information with technical data.

Linsen, Max; Rodrigues, Lineu

2010-05-01

21

Environmental assessment of the area surrounding Dam Rio Verde - Parana/Brazil. An overview of environmental geomorphology.  

PubMed

This paper presents a brief essay on the situation in which the environment of the dam of the Rio Verde Basin-Parana, from the vision of environmental geomorphology. The area is located between the cities of Campo Magro and Campo Largo, Paraná plateau in the first part of theAlto Iguaçu basin. This study aims to raise the concepts relating to environmental geomorphology, to identify the anthropogenic impacts caused in the reservoir areas, identify the environmental compartments found around the dam and characterize the geologic and physiographic region. It was found that the area has intense anthropogenic influence, as urban growth is present in areas and wavy and rough terrain, subject to mass movements and floods. Besides these aspects, the use of land for agriculture contributes to fragility of the area. PMID:23424831

Garcia, Claudia Moreira; Carrijo, Beatriz Rodrigues; Sessegolo, Gisele; Passos, Everton

2012-04-01

22

Dam Impacts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While the creation of a dam provides many benefits, it can have negative impacts on local ecosystems. Students learn about the major environmental impacts of dams and the engineering solutions used to address them.

2014-09-18

23

Hoover dam  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents an overall look at Hoover Dam. Topics covered include the following: a background history of the agricultural and flood history of the region through which the Colorado River runs in the Southwest; the development of a comprehensive and long-range plan for the Colorado; designing the dam; building the dam. 5 refs., 3 figs.

Petroski

2009-01-01

24

Susceptibility of Biomphalaria straminea from Peixe Angical dam, Tocantins, Brazil to infection with three strains of Schistosoma mansoni.  

PubMed

Environmental changes from water resource developmental projects affect the epidemiology of water-associated diseases, as well as malaria and schistosomiasis. Aiming to investigate the occurrence and distribution of freshwater snails of medical and veterinary importance in the area of influence of the Peixe Angical hydroelectric dam, a survey has been conducted over four years (2004-2008). The study has revealed the occurrence of populations of Biomphalaria straminea (Dunker) in all municipalities surrounding the lake. Studies on parasite-mollusc compatibility were undertaken using 35 populations of B. straminea, descendants of specimens obtained from that area and three strains of Schistosoma mansoni (Sambon) (BH, CM and CMO). The main results are as follows: (i) among the 1,314 specimens used, eight had been infected (infection index of 0.6%) with only the BH strain, (ii) for B. straminea populations, the mortality index was 6.8% and, depending on the strain used, the indexes were 4.6%, 8.49% and 19% with BH, CM and CMO strains, respectively, (iii) the infection indexes varied according to the B. straminea populations, ranging from 0-12.5% and (iv) the duration of the precercarial period varied from 25-49 days. These results, in addition to environmental and social changes that took place in the Peixe Angical dam region, indicate the possibility of B. straminea emerging as a schistosomiasis vector in this area. PMID:20721496

Fernandez, Monica Ammon; Thiengo, Silvana Carvalho

2010-07-01

25

106. DAM EARTH DIKE SUBMERSIBLE DAMS & DIKE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

106. DAM - EARTH DIKE - SUBMERSIBLE DAMS & DIKE CONN. AT MOVABLE DAM (ML-8-52/2-FS) March 1940 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 8, On Mississippi River near Houston County, MN, Genoa, Vernon County, WI

26

Garrison Dam  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Missouri River flowing through the regulation tubes and the hydroelectric power plant at Garrison Dam between Riverdale and Pick City, North Dakota. Photo taken by USGS personnel on a Civil Air Patrol flight....

27

Q00906010024 rock check dam  

E-print Network

00906010024 rock check dam Q00906010025 rock check dam Q00906010021 rock check dam Q00906010022 rock check dam Q00906010027 rock check dam Q00906010026 rock check dam Q00906010018 rock check dam Q00906010023 rock check dam Q00906010011 rock check dam Q00906010008 rock check dam Q00906010007 rock check dam Q

28

Dam worms.  

PubMed

Human and animal infection rates with the Oriental schistosome have steadily declined in China over the last half-century, but the Three Gorges Dam may reverse this decline by creating new, or enlarging existing, ideal environments for the worm and its aquatic snail intermediate host. PMID:11399843

Ross, A G; Li, Y; Williams, G M; Jiang, Z; McManus, D P

2001-06-01

29

The impact of a dam on the helminth fauna and health of a neotropical fish species Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816) from the upper Paraná River, Brazil.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to detect changes in the structure of the helminth parasite infracommunities in Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier 1816) from the floodplain of the upper Paraná River after construction of the Porto Primavera Hydroelectric Plant. A total of 126 fish in the period before the dam's construction and 56 specimens 10 years after this event were analysed. Three species of parasites were collected before the construction of the dam: Prosthenhystera obesa Diesing, 1850 (Digenea), Cladocystis intestinalis Vaz, 1932 (Digenea) and Monticellia coryphicephala Monticelli, 1892 (Cestoda), and one nematode species in the larval stage, whose identification was not possible. After dam construction, the following helminth parasites were found: C. intestinalis, M. coryphicephala, Octospiniferoides incognita, Contracaecum spp. larvae and Contracaecum sp. type 2 larvae Moravec, Kohn & Fernandes 1993. The diversity of helminth parasites measured by the Brillouin diversity index (HB) differed significantly between the pre- and post-dam periods (mean HB = 0.069 and HB = 0.2, respectively; P= 0.0479; Mann-Whitney U test). The parasite community of S. brasiliensis before the construction of the dam showed concentration of dominance (C) of P. obesa (C = 0.38), while there was no concentration of dominance of any species of parasite (C = 0.22) after the dam's construction. Before the Porto Primavera dam the relative condition factor of fish was 1.0; after the dam's construction it was 0.93 (P < 0.0001; Mann-Whitney U test). This study records the disappearance of the species P. obesa and suggests that there has been local extinction of this parasite. The results show that the anthropic influence on natural systems is interfering with the welfare and health of S. brasiliensis, reflected by its fauna of helminth parasites. PMID:22776324

Karling, L C; Isaac, A; Affonso, I P; Takemoto, R M; Pavanelli, G C

2013-06-01

30

INFLUENCE OF THE ABAETERIVER ON THE REPRODUCTIVE SUCCESS OF THE NEOTROPICAL MIGRATORY TELEOST PROCHILODUS ARGENTEUS IN THE SAO FRANCISCO RIVER, DOWNSTREAM FROM THE TRES MARIAS DAM, SOUTHEASTERN BRAZIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

The curimata ˜-pacu Prochilodus argenteus is an important characiform from the Sao Francisco River basin that performs long- distance migrations for spawning upstream during the rainy season, when the temperature and photoperiod are elevated. Despite the interruption of the migratory routes by the Tres Marias Dam and accentuated decline in fishing, the curimata ˜-pacu still sustains the fisheries at the

YOSHIMI SATO; ELIZETE RIZZO; MARIA BEATRIZ; MARIO O. T. MIRANDAd

31

DAM OVERTOPPING RESEARCH  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Aging of the watershed dams and development within the watersheds that have created changes in watershed hydrology have increased the potential for dam overtopping. Development around the dam and reservoir may increase the consequences of associated dam failure and, combined with financial constrai...

32

Integrated Dam Assessment Models Towards Sustainability of Dams  

E-print Network

Integrated Dam Assessment Models ­ Towards Sustainability of Dams Desiree Tullos, Bryan Tilt, Phil Brown, Darrin Magee, and Aaron Wolf #12;Costs and benefits of dams "Dams have made an important, and by the natural environment" (WCD 2000) #12;Dams in, out, and reoperated #12;Dams out: Dam removal in America

Tullos, Desiree

33

DAM Safety and Deformation Monitoring in Dams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Water is the life and necessity to water is increasing day by day with respect to the World population, rising of living standards and destruction of nature. Thus, the importance of water and water structures have been increasing gradually. Dams are among the most important engineering structures used for water supplies, flood controls, agricultural purposes as well as drinking and hydroelectric power. There are about 150.000 large size dams in the World. Especially after the Second World War, higher and larger capacity dams have been constructed. Dams create certain risks like the other manmade structures. No one knows precisely how many dam failures have occurred in the World, whereas hundreds of dam failures have occurred throughout the U.S. history. Some basic physical data are very important for assessing the safety and performance of dams. These are movement, water pressure, seepage, reservoir and tail-water elevations, local seismic activities, total pressure, stress and strain, internal concrete temperature, ambient temperature and precipitation. These physical data are measured and monitored by the instruments and equipment. Dams and their surroundings have to be monitored by using essential methods at periodic time intervals in order to determine the possible changes that may occur over the time. Monitoring programs typically consist of; surveillance or visual observation. These programs on dams provide information for evaluating the dam's performance related to the design intent and expected changes that could affect the safety performance of the dam. Additionally, these programs are used for investigating and evaluating the abnormal or degrading performance where any remedial action is necessary. Geodetic and non-geodetic methods are used for monitoring. Monitoring the performance of the dams is critical for producing and maintaining the safe dams. This study provides some information, safety and the techniques about the deformation monitoring of the dams. Therefore, this study gives essential information about the dam safety and related analysis. Monitoring of dams is crucial since deformation might have occurred as a result of erosion, water load, hydraulic gradients, and water saturation. The case study is the deformation measurements of Ataturk Dam. This dam was constructed on Firat River and it has importance for providing drinking water, hydroelectric power and especially irrigation. In addition, brief information is given about this dam and the methods of geodetic and non-geodetic monitoring measurements applied by various disciplines. Geodetic monitoring methods are emphasized in this study. Some results have been obtained from this method for nearly seven years are presented in this work. In addition, some deformation predictions have been made especially for the cross sections where the maximum deformations took place.

Kalkan, Y.; Bilgi, S.; Potts, L.; Miiama, J.; Mahgoub, M.; Rahman, S.

2013-12-01

34

50. LOCK AND DAM NO. 26 (REPLACEMENT). FIRST STAGE DAM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

50. LOCK AND DAM NO. 26 (REPLACEMENT). FIRST STAGE DAM -- DAM CONCRETE -- GENERAL ARRANGEMENT -- SECTION AND ELEVATIONS. M-L 26(R) 40/3 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam 26R, Alton, Madison County, IL

35

49. LOCK AND DAM NO. 26 (REPLACEMENT). FIRST STAGE DAM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

49. LOCK AND DAM NO. 26 (REPLACEMENT). FIRST STAGE DAM -- DAM CONCRETE -- TYPICAL PIER ISOMETRIC. M-L 26(R) 40/1 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam 26R, Alton, Madison County, IL

36

CRIB DAM, LOOKING ALONG DAM FROM WEST ABUTMENT, SHOWING PLANK ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

CRIB DAM, LOOKING ALONG DAM FROM WEST ABUTMENT, SHOWING PLANK SHEATHING IN FOREGROUND. VIEW TO EAST - Kachess Dam, 1904 Cascade Canal Company Crib Dam, Kachess River, 1.5 miles north of Interstate 90, Easton, Kittitas County, WA

37

Garrison Dam and Spillway  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Looking to the southwest at the Garrison Dam Spillway located to the left in this picture and the Garrison Dam located to the right in this picture. Photo taken by USGS personnel on a Civil Air Patrol flight....

38

V00306010057 rock check dam  

E-print Network

¬« ¬« ¬« ¬« ¬« XY! 16-020 16-030(c) 16-026(l) 16-028(c) 16-026(l) V00306010057 rock check dam V00306010012 rock check dam V00306010040 rock check dam V00306010039 rock check dam V00306010058 rock check dam V00306010064 rock check dam V00306010061 rock check dam V00306010062 rock check dam V00306010063

39

Small-dam rehabs  

SciTech Connect

This article examines the economics of maintenance, rehabilitation and improvement for small, aging, high-hazard dams. The topics of the article include raising the height of the spillway and repairing deteriorated concrete in the spillway of Fellows Lake Dam, emergency repair of the outlet conduit and replacement of riprap on the upstream slope of Storrie Lake Dam, and extensive rehabilitation of Reeves Lake Dam.

Denning, J.

1993-01-01

40

W02106010008 rock check dam  

E-print Network

W-SMA-14.1 5.169 Acres W02106010008 rock check dam W02106010009 rock check dam W02106010010 rock check dam W02106010011 rock check dam W02106010012 rock check dam W02103010018 earthen berm W02103010016 dam Established vegetation Seed and mulch Sediment trap/basin Gabion Cap SWMU boundary SMA drainage

41

J00206010020 rock check dam  

E-print Network

XY! J00206010020 rock check dam J00206010023 rock check dam 09-009 09-009 09-009 PJ-SMA-2 0.901 Acres J00206010021 rock check dam J00206010019 rock check dam J00206010014 rock check dam J00203010007 Smith DATE: 14-November-2014 REVISION NUMBER: 8 XY! IP sampler location Berm Channel/swale Check dam

42

Glen Canyon Dam  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

The Glen Canyon Dam on the Colorado River in Arizona. At noon Monday, Nov. 19, U.S. Interior Secretary Ken Salazar will open the dam’s river outlet tubes, releasing controlled flows larger than the usual 8,000-25,000 cubic feet per second that flows through the turbines of the Glen...

43

Durability Assessment of an Arch Dam using Inverse Analysis with Neural Networks and High Performance Computing.  

E-print Network

Durability Assessment of an Arch Dam using Inverse Analysis with Neural Networks and High de Brasília diannemv@guarany.cpd.unb.br Abstract: In the present work, an analysis of the Funil dam, a double curvature arch dam placed in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is presented. The considered

Coutinho, Alvaro L. G. A.

44

Temporal and spatial distribution of young Brachyplatystoma spp. (Siluriformes: Pimelodidae) along the rapids stretch of the Madeira River (Brazil) before the construction of two hydroelectric dams.  

PubMed

Monthly (April 2009 to May 2010) bottom-trawl sampling for Brachyplatystoma species along the rapids stretch of the Madeira River in Brazil revealed that Brachyplatystoma rousseauxii larvae and juveniles were present in low abundances in all areas and during all hydrological periods. The presence of larvae and juveniles throughout the hydrological cycle suggests asynchronous spawning in the headwaters of the Madeira River. PMID:25733151

Cella-Ribeiro, A; Assakawa, L F; Torrente-Vilara, G; Zuanon, J; Leite, R G; Doria, C; Duponchelle, F

2015-04-01

45

V01406010015 rock check dam  

E-print Network

XY! ¬« ¬« V01406010015 rock check dam V01406010014 rock check dam V01406010013 rock check dam 1501403010012 earthen berm V01403010008 earthen berm V01406010003 rock check dam V01406010004 rock check dam V01406010010 rock check dam V01406010011 rock check dam 15-0651 15-0307 15-0588 15-0532 15-0575 stormdrain 7160

46

16. Parker Dam, only top fourth of dam visible, at ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. Parker Dam, only top fourth of dam visible, at 320' high, Parker Dam is one of the highest in the world. Much of this height is because dam penetrates well below river bottom to fasten to bedrock. - Parker Dam, Spanning Colorado River between AZ & CA, Parker, La Paz County, AZ

47

Bringing Down Our Dams: Trends in American Dam Removal Rationales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over 76,000 dams have been constructed on American rivers to provide services such as flood protection, water storage, hydroelectric power, and navigation. Although most dams continue to provide sufficient benefits to retain the structure, dam removal is becoming increasingly common. This study involved the construction of a dam removal database to analyze spatial and temporal trends in dam removal. The

Molly M. Pohl

2002-01-01

48

31. AVALON DAM OUTLET WORKS FROM CREST OF DAM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

31. AVALON DAM - OUTLET WORKS FROM CREST OF DAM INCLUDING SPILLWAY NO. 1 AND CYLINDER GATE DISCHARGE PORTALS. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST - Carlsbad Irrigation District, Avalon Dam, On Pecos River, 4 miles North of Carlsbad, Carlsbad, Eddy County, NM

49

9. Excavation work at Pleasant Dam (now called Waddell Dam). ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. Excavation work at Pleasant Dam (now called Waddell Dam). Photographer unknown, July, 22, 1926. Source: Maricopa County Municipal Water Conservation District Number One (MWD). - Waddell Dam, On Agua Fria River, 35 miles northwest of Phoenix, Phoenix, Maricopa County, AZ

50

Characterizing the dam break release  

E-print Network

The failure of a dam can cause disastrous consequences, thus understanding the nature of a dam break is of utmost importance. A model of a dam break was built and used to profile the resulting wave. The gate release was ...

Wu, Juliana, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01

51

T00406010008 rock check dam  

E-print Network

XY! ¬« T00406010008 rock check dam T00406010009 rock check dam T00406010010 rock check dam T00406010011 rock check dam T-SMA-2.85 0.344 Acres 35-014(g) 35-016(n) T00406010005 rock check dam T00406010006 rock check dam T00403090004 curb T00402040007 established vegetation, green hatch area 7200 7200 7180

52

Cold Air Damming  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Cold Air Damming is part of the Mesoscale Meteorology Primer series. This module first presents a Navy forecast scenario prior to the development of a major cold air damming (CAD) event along the east slopes of the Appalachian Mountains. Then, from a conceptual standpoint, the classic CAD scenario is described in detail, both from an observational and modeling standpoint.

COMET

2001-06-18

53

Glen Canyon Dam  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

The USGS Glen Canyon Adaptive Management Working Group took a trip in August from Glen Canyon Dam to Lees Ferry on Friday, August 31, 2012. This spot at Four Mile (four miles downstream from the dam) is where a lot of people fish: There were fishermen that day that claimed to have c...

54

Garrison Dam and Spillway  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Looking northeast at the Garrison Dam in the back, Garrison Dam hydroelectric power plant, to the left, and the spillway, to the right. The sediment coming from the spillway is noticable. Photo taken by USGS personnel on a Civil Air Patrol flight....

55

Maple River Dam Spillway  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

The Maple River Dam is a pass-through dam that lets a limited amount of water flow through year round and fills the reservoir only during high flow. If the water rises high enough to fill the reservoir, water flows over the spillway shown in this photo.  Video taken at the same time is availabl...

56

1. GORGE HIGH DAM. THIS THIN ARCH DAM WITH A ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. GORGE HIGH DAM. THIS THIN ARCH DAM WITH A GRAVITY SECTION IS THE THIRD DAM BUILT BY SEATTLE CITY LIGHT TO PROVIDE WATER FOR GORGE POWERHOUSE AND WAS COMPLETED IN 1961, 1989. - Skagit Power Development, Gorge High Dam, On Skagit River, 2.9 miles upstream from Newhalem, Newhalem, Whatcom County, WA

57

Legal Perspectives on Dam Removal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although economic, engineering, and ecological concerns drive the debate about whether to remove or repair a dam, public acceptance of change may be the ultimate determining factor. Nonetheless, little research has looked at the socioeconomic aspects of dam removal. Drawing on Wisconsin's experience with small dam removal, this chapter synthesizes the major public concerns about dam removal and introduces the

MARGARET B. BOWMAN; Sara E. Johnson

2002-01-01

58

Hoover Dam Intake Towers  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Hoover Dam impounds Lake Mead and provides drinking water and hydroelectric power to the surrounding area. It was constructed between 1931 and 1936. The Intake Towers are where water enters to generate electricity....

59

Assessment of spermatogenesis and plasma sex steroids in a seasonal breeding teleost: a comparative study in an area of influence of a tributary, downstream from a hydroelectric power dam, Brazil.  

PubMed

River damming and building of hydroelectric power plants interrupt the reproductive migration routes and change the major physicochemical parameters of water quality, with drastic consequences for populations of migratory fishes. The goal of this study was to evaluate proliferation and cell death during spermatogenesis and serum profiles of sex steroids in Prochilodus argenteus, from the São Francisco River, downstream from the Três Marias Dam. A total of 257 adult males were caught quarterly during a reproductive cycle in two sites: the first 34 km of the river after the dam (site 1) and the second 34-54 km after the dam (site 2), after the confluence with a tributary, the Abaeté River. Seasonal changes in the testicular activity associated with morphometric analyses of germ cells as well as proliferation and testicular apoptosis support a more active spermatogenesis in fish from site 2, where higher levels of sex steroids and gonadosomatic index (GSI) were also found. In site 1, fish presented low serum levels of testosterone, 17?-estradiol and 17?-hydroxyprogesterone and a low GSI during gonadal maturation. Spermatogonial proliferation (PCNA) and apoptosis (TUNEL) were more elevated in fish from site 1, but spermatocytes were mainly labelled in fish from site 2. Overall, these data demonstrate changes in testicular activity and plasma sex steroids in a neotropical teleost fish living downstream from a hydroelectric dam, supplying new data on fish reproduction in regulated rivers. Moreover, morphometric analyses associated with sex steroids profiles provide reliable tools to assess fish spermatogenesis under environmental stress conditions. PMID:22688450

Domingos, Fabricio F T; Thomé, Ralph G; Arantes, Fabio P; Castro, Antonio Carlos S; Sato, Yoshimi; Bazzoli, Nilo; Rizzo, Elizete

2012-12-01

60

Fish reproductive guilds downstream of dams.  

PubMed

Fish reproductive guilds were used to evaluate the responses of species with different reproductive strategies during two different periods of post-dam construction. The data used for the comparisons were collected in the upper Paraná River floodplain (Brazil), downstream of the Porto Primavera dam, 2 and 10 years after impoundment. The abundance (catch per unit effort, CPUE), species richness, evenness and structure of communities, all within reproductive guilds, were used to test the hypothesis that these metrics vary spatially and temporally. The influence of damming on species structure and the diversity of fish reproductive guilds varied spatiotemporally, and species with opportunistic reproductive strategies tended to be less affected. Conversely, long-distance migratory species responded more markedly to spatiotemporal variations, indicating that the ecosystem dynamics exert greater effects on populations of these species. Thus, the effects of a dam, even if attenuated, may extend over several years, especially downstream. This finding emphasizes the importance of maintaining large undammed tributaries downstream of reservoirs. PMID:25230203

Vasconcelos, L P; Alves, D C; Gomes, L C

2014-11-01

61

Dams and Intergovernmental Transfers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gainers and Losers are always associated with large scale hydrological infrastructure construction, such as dams, canals and water treatment facilities. Since most of these projects are public services and public goods, Some of these uneven impacts cannot fully be solved by markets. This paper tried to explore whether the governments are paying any effort to balance the uneven distributional impacts caused by dam construction or not. It showed that dam construction brought an average 2% decrease in per capita tax revenue in the upstream counties, a 30% increase in the dam-location counties and an insignificant increase in downstream counties. Similar distributional impacts were observed for other outcome variables. like rural income and agricultural crop yields, though the impacts differ across different crops. The paper also found some balancing efforts from inter-governmental transfers to reduce the unevenly distributed impacts caused by dam construction. However, overall the inter-governmental fiscal transfer efforts were not large enough to fully correct those uneven distributions, reflected from a 2% decrease of per capita GDP in upstream counties and increase of per capita GDP in local and downstream counties. This paper may shed some lights on the governmental considerations in the decision making process for large hydrological infrastructures.

Bao, X.

2012-12-01

62

Usoi Dam (Tajikistan) the highest landslide dam on the world  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Natural dams an integral part of the landscape formation. They are formed when the soil from slopes blocks the watercourse. The development of such dam may lead to two rare but desirable extreme outcomes: quick easing of the new dam and leakage of water accumulated behind it or stabilization of the dam and the establishment of a permanent outflow of water from the newly formed lake before it overflows the dam. All outcomes between these two extremes pose a threat commonly resulting in catastrophic floods causing massive damage to the flooded areas. The largest known dam of this kind, more than 500 m high and existing already 100 years, is the Usoi Dam in Tajikistan. The dam is located in the Amur Darya river basin.

Roje-Bonacci, Tanja

2014-05-01

63

Garrison Dam and Garrison Dam National Fish Hatchery  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

The Garrison Dam National Fish Hatchery and Garrison Dam between Pick City and Riverdale, North Dakota. The Garrison Dam National Fish Hatchery is in the bottom left of the photo. Photo taken by USGS personnel on a Civil Air Patrol flight....

64

32. AERIAL VIEW OF TIETON DAM, UPSTREAM FACE OF DAM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

32. AERIAL VIEW OF TIETON DAM, UPSTREAM FACE OF DAM (Trashrack-structure for outlet at lower left in reservoir, spillway at upper left. Reservoir nearly empty due to drought.) - Tieton Dam, South & East of State Highway 12, Naches, Yakima County, WA

65

Small dams need better management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many small dams around the world are poorly maintained and represent a safety hazard, according to Pisaniello et al. Better oversight of small dams is needed, the authors argue. The researchers reviewed literature, conducted case studies in four states in Australia, and developed policy benchmarks and best practices for small-dam management. Small dams, often just several meters high and typically privately owned by individual farmers, have historically caused major damage when they fail. For instance, in China in 1975, 230,000 people died when two large dams failed because of the cumulative failure of 60 smaller upstream dams. In the United States, in 1977 the 8-meter-high Kelly Barnes Lake dam failed, killing 39 people. Many other small-dam failures around the world have resulted in casualties and severe ecological and economic damage.

Balcerak, Ernie

2012-03-01

66

Wim van Dam CURRICULUM VITAE  

E-print Network

Wim van Dam CURRICULUM VITAE Department of Computer Science Work: +1-805-893 5211 Harold Frank Hall in physics. #12;Curriculum Vitae Wim van Dam, June 2008 2 PUBLICATIONS Journal and Conference Articles [1] "Quantum Algorithms for Algebraic Problems", Andrew M. Childs and Wim van Dam, to appear in Reviews

California at Santa Barbara, University of

67

INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION ON LARGE DAMS  

E-print Network

Q76-R INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION ON LARGE DAMS 20TH CONGRESS BEIJING, CHINA THE STATUS OF METHODS FOR ESTIMATION OF THE PROBABILITY OF FAILURE OF DAMS FOR USE IN QUANTITATIVE RISK ASSESSMENT (* ) Robin FELL. INTRODUCTION The use of Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA) techniques to assist in dam safety management

Bowles, David S.

68

EARTH DAM OR SPILLWAY?  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Aging of the US water control and management infrastructure is increasing the likelihood that some dams will be overtopped during extreme floods. As structures approach their planned service life, sediment pools fill and continued sedimentation results in a reduction in the volume available for flo...

69

DEVELOPMENT OF A RIVER SEDIMENT TRANSPORT MONITORING SYSTEM FOR LARGE RESERVOIRS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Determining the amount of sediment being transported by rivers is fundamental to determine the environmental impact on reservoirs, as well as to estimate their life span. This monitoring is particularly important for large hydroelectric dams such as the Itaipu hydroelectric facility on the Paraná River, which provides over 24% of the electricity needs for Brazil. A system was developed to

T. A. Cochrane; L. D. Norton; J. H. Caviglione

70

Dam Removal Express Assessment Models (DREAM)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many dams have been removed in the recent decades in the U.S. for reasons including economics, safety, and ecological rehabilitation. More dams are under consideration for removal; some of them are medium to large-sized dams filled with millions of cubic meters of sediment. Reaching a decision to remove a dam and deciding as how the dam should be removed, however,

Yantao Cui; Gary Parker; Christian Braudrick; William E Dietrich; Brian Cluer

2006-01-01

71

Conflicts Associated with Dam Removal in Sweden  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT. The increasing number,of deterioratingold dams that need renovation or have lost their function make,dam removal a viable management,option. There are at least four major reasons for dam removal: safety, law and policy, economy, and ecology. Here we discuss 17 Swedish dams that were recently considered for removal. Because dam removal usually causes controversy, dam removal initiatives may succeed, fail,

Anna G. C. Lejon; Birgitta Malm Renöfält; Christer Nilsson

72

Hoover Dam and Hydroelectric Power  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video segment is adapted from Building Big, a PBS series hosted by David Macaulay. It explores Hoover Dam's hydroelectric capabilities by explaining how it is able to harness the potential energy stored in the reservoir and convert it to electricity. It also discusses environmental impacts of the dam and others like it.

WGBH Educational Foundation

73

Tubes at Glen Canyon Dam  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

The river outlet tubes at Glen Canyon Dam on the Colorado River in Arizona. At noon Monday, Nov. 19, U.S. Interior Secretary Ken Salazar will open the dam's river outlet tubes, releasing controlled flows larger than the usual 8,000-25,000 cubic feet per second that flows through the turbines of...

74

Technology of constructing arch dams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conclusions 1.The successful completion of the construction of the Chirkey and Miatla arch dams under complex geological conditions and the state of the concrete masonry under load show the possibility of the wide use of this most economical design of dams.2.The technology of level concreting used proved its effectiveness first of all by the record rate of increase of the

A. S. Danilov

1988-01-01

75

Synthesizing Studies of Dam Removal  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dam decommissioning is rapidly emerging as an important river restoration strategy in the United States. Hundreds of dams have been removed in the past few decades, including several large ones (>10-15 meters) impounding large sediment volumes (>106 cubic meters) in the past 3 years, notably Condit Dam and the Elwha River dams in Washington State. These removals and the associated studies provide for the first time an opportunity to evaluate the immediate and persistent consequences of these significant fluvial—and in some cases, coastal—perturbations. Understanding dam removal response not only improves understanding of landscape and ecosystem adjustment to profound sediment pulses but also provides important lessons for future watershed restoration efforts.

O'Connor, Jim; East, Amy

2014-10-01

76

Geotechnical practice in dam rehabilitation  

SciTech Connect

This proceedings, Geotechnical Practice in Dam Rehabilitation, consists of papers presented at the Specialty Conference sponsored by the Geotechnical Engineering Division of the American Society of Civil Engineers held in Raleigh, North Carolina, April 25-28, 1993. The conference provided a forum for the discussion of the rehabilitation of dams, including case histories and current geotechnical practice. The topics covered by this proceeding include: (1) inspection and monitoring of dams; (2) investigation and evaluation of dams and foundations; (3) risk and reliability assessment; (4) increasing reservoir capacity, spillway modifications and overtopping; (5) seepage control; (6) improving stability of dams, foundations and reservoir slopes; (7) rehabilitation for seismic stability; and (8) geosynthetics and ground improvement techniques.

Anderson, L.R. (ed.)

1993-01-01

77

6. GENE WASH DAM, LOOKING NORTHWEST. SURVEY REFLECTOR IN FOREGROUND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. GENE WASH DAM, LOOKING NORTHWEST. SURVEY REFLECTOR IN FOREGROUND FOR MONITORING MOVEMENT OF DAM AND EARTH. - Gene Wash Reservoir & Dam, 2 miles west of Parker Dam, Parker Dam, San Bernardino County, CA

78

Is it worth a dam?  

PubMed Central

Once a sign of modernization and growth, dams are often seen today as symbols of environmental and social devastation. Over 800,000 dams have been built worldwide to provide drinking water, flood control, hydropower, irrigation, navigation, and water storage. Dams do indeed provide these things,but at the cost of several adverse, unexpected effects: disruption of ecosystems, decline of fish stocks, forced human and animal resettlements, and diseases such as malaria, which are borne by vectors that thrive in quiet waters. PMID:9349830

Joyce, S

1997-01-01

79

Cost allocation in dam removal project  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many countries, the dam is removed in consideration of several reasons such as safety. When removing a dam, the polluted sedimentation flowing out of the dam may have an impact to the environment of the river and sea. Thus, dam owners may prefer to wait its removal rather than remove now. This is because they are motivated to wait

Keishi Tanimoto

2003-01-01

80

States improve dam safety legislation and regulations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several state dam safety agencies have helped their state governments pass new dam safety legislation of regulations during the past year. Improvements in the laws range from establishing or raising permit fees, to boosting requirements for professional licenses, to requiring emergency action plans for all significant and high-hazard dams. ASDSO tracks dam safety legislation and laws to help keep the

Spragens

1993-01-01

81

Deer Creek Dam, Dam, 1,204 feet/238 degrees from intersection of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Deer Creek Dam, Dam, 1,204 feet/238 degrees from intersection of dam complex access road and U.S. Highway 189 to center of dam, 874 feet/352 degrees from Hydroelectric Powerplant (HAER UT-93-B) to center of dam, Charleston, Wasatch County, UT

82

MASTER PLAN ChiefJosephDamHatcheryProgram This Chief Joseph Dam Hatchery Program Master Plan  

E-print Network

#12;i MASTER PLAN ChiefJosephDamHatcheryProgram This Chief Joseph Dam Hatchery Program Master Plan Fisheries Enhancement Group ChiefJosephDam HatcheryProgram M A S T E R P L A N #12;ChiefJosephDam Joseph Dam. The Okanogan River is the uppermost tributary of the Columbia that is still available

83

EFFECT OF ENCROACHMENT OF WANAPUM DAM RESERVOIR ON FISH PASSAGE OVER ROCK ISLAND DAM, COLUMBIA RIVER  

E-print Network

EFFECT OF ENCROACHMENT OF WANAPUM DAM RESERVOIR ON FISH PASSAGE OVER ROCK ISLAND DAM, COLUMBIA the lower sections of the three fish ladders at Rock Island Dam, 61 km upstream from Wanapum Dam of the center and left-bank fish ladders of Rock Island Dam were rebuilt and a new sequence of spill patterns

84

FORMATION AND FAILURE OF NATURAL DAMS.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Of the numerous kinds of dams that form by natural processes, dams formed from landslides, glacial ice, and late-neoglacial moraines present the greatest threat to people and property. Landslide dams form a wide range of physiographic settings. The most common types of mass movements that form landslide dams are rock and debris avalanches; rock and soil slumps and slides; and mud, debris, and earth flows. The most common initiation mechanisms for dam-forming landslides are excessive rainfall and snowmelt and earthquakes. Natural dams may cause upstream flooding as the lake rises and downstream flooding as a result of failure of the dam. Although data are few, for the same potential energy at the dam site, downstream flood peaks from the failure of glacier-ice dams are smaller than those from landslide, moraine, and constructed earth-fill and rock-fill dam failures.

Costa, John E.; Schuster, Robert L.

1988-01-01

85

Hoover Dam Intake Towers Panorama  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Hoover Dam impounds Lake Mead and provides drinking water and hydroelectric power to the surrounding area. It was constructed between 1931 and 1936. The Intake Towers are where water enters to generate electricity....

86

CLEARWATER SUBBASIN, ID -- DAM LOCATIONS  

EPA Science Inventory

This map includes locations of dams in the Clearwater subbasin, Idaho. Source: US Army Corps of Engineers, BPA, and State Water Resource Departments from the Eastside Ecosystems Management Project. ...

87

States improve dam safety legislation and regulations  

SciTech Connect

Several state dam safety agencies have helped their state governments pass new dam safety legislation of regulations during the past year. Improvements in the laws range from establishing or raising permit fees, to boosting requirements for professional licenses, to requiring emergency action plans for all significant and high-hazard dams. ASDSO tracks dam safety legislation and laws to help keep the association's members informed on progress in dam safety. In New Jersey, lawmakers passed legislation providing $1.7 million in loans for engineering studies on high-hazard dams. Similarly in Minnesota, lawmakers approved legislation providing $1.6 million for repair or removal of dams. In Colorado, new legislation creates an emergency dam repair cash fund for state engineers to cover costs of emergency actions. In South Carolina, the General Assembly passed major amendments to the Dams and Reservoirs Safety Act. The amendments require that dam owners notify the state within 30 days after title to a dam is transferred, and stipulate that owners of high-hazard and significant hazard dams prepare emergency action plans. The state also may require normal maintenance on a dam; previously, the dam had to be declared unsafe before and order could be issued. A number of other states are working on new legislation, guidelines, or regulations, including Massachusetts, New York, Washington, and Wyoming. Forty-eight states have dam safety legislation in place; Alabama and Delaware are without such legislation.

Spragens, L. (ASDSO, Lexington, KY (United States))

1993-05-01

88

REDUCTION OF SEDIMENT DELIVERY TO THE ITAIPU RESERVOIR: A NEW VISION THROUGH THE IMPLEMENTATION OF MONITORING TECHNIQUES AND WATERSHED MANAGEMENT  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

An increase in agricultural land use in the lower Paraná river basin in southern southeast and center western Brazil has contributed to an increase in soil losses in the region. The effects of increasing soil losses through water erosion and the eventual deposition of these sediments in the reservo...

89

A sustainable electricity blueprint for Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Brazil, South America's largest country and leading energy consumer, faces the twofold challenge of energy and environmental security. More than 80% of Brazil's installed generating capacity of about 70,000 MW is hydroelectric, generated by the nation's 450 dams (BEN, 2005), which explains why Brazilian power generation is cleaner with regard to local pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions. On the other

Giulio Volpi; Gilberto Jannuzzi; Rodolfo Dourado; Maia Gomes

2006-01-01

90

Elwha River Riparian Vegetation Response to Dams and Dam Removal  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Riparian vegetation is highly diverse and influences habitat of aquatic and terrestrial wildlife. Riparian vegetation dynamics are driven by stream flow regime, and fluxes of sediment and large woody debris, all of which can be altered by river damming. Dam removal is often implemented, in part, to help restore degraded riparian vegetation by reversing the alteration of these key drivers. However, increased disturbance and sediment flux associated with transport and exposure of trapped reservoir sediment can complicate a simple return to pre-dam conditions and can favor exotic species. We are studying the effects of dams and their removal on riparian vegetation along the Elwha River in Washington State, where removal of two large dams began in September 2011. To characterize vegetation composition, structure, and diversity prior to dam removal, we sampled 60-150 vegetation plots in 2004, 2005, and 2010 along five cross-valley transects in each of three river reaches: above both dams (upper reach), between the dams (middle reach), and downstream of both dams (lower reach). In summer 2012, we resampled a subset of our plots in the lower and middle reaches to evaluate vegetation and geomorphic change. We also sampled vegetation, topography, and grain size along newly-established transects within the exposed former reservoir behind Elwha Dam, which was removed in 2011 and 2012. Plant community distribution on bottomland geomorphic surfaces along the Elwha is typical of other systems in the region. We identified 8 overstory and 26 understory communities using multivariate analyses. Young bar surfaces (5-20 yrs) were dominated by willow, red alder, and black cottonwood. Floodplains and transitional fluvial terraces (<90yrs) were generally dominated by alder and cottonwood. Mature terraces (>90yrs) were often dominated by big-leaf maple. Douglas fir occurred on both young and old floodplains and terraces. Overstory species composition was more stable from 2005 to 2010 than understory, understory species composition was more influenced by reach than overstory, and understory communities on younger landforms were less stable. From 2005 to 2010, there was a 26% increase in species richness in the lower reach but no significant changes elsewhere. In both 2005 and 2010 there was a significant decrease in native species richness (26% and 30% respectively) from the furthest upstream to furthest downstream reach. Exotic species richness was significantly higher in the downstream reach compared to the upstream reach in both years. Following dam removal, we documented different pioneer plant communities growing on different surfaces within the former reservoir behind Elwha Dam. Some surfaces were dominated by exotic species of concern to resource managers, such as Canada thistle and reed canarygrass, while others contained typical, native pioneer communities dominated by willow, alder, and cottonwood. Along our existing monitoring transects, we documented some sediment deposition on channel margins, bars and low floodplain surfaces, particularly in the lower reach; relatively little new deposition occurred in the more armored and stable middle reach. Future monitoring will reveal changes to existing vegetation communities and development of new communities in the former reservoirs as removal of the upstream dam is completed and millions of m3 of sediment are redistributed.

Shafroth, P. B.; Brown, R. L.; Clausen, A. J.; Chenoweth, J.

2012-12-01

91

Three Gorges Dam, China  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This ASTER image shows a 60 km stretch of the Yangtze River in China, including the Xiling Gorge, the eastern of the three gorges. In the left part of the image is the construction site of the Three Gorges Dam, the world's largest.

This image was acquired on July 20, 2000 by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) on NASA's Terra satellite. With its 14 spectral bands from the visible to the thermal infrared wavelength region, and its high spatial resolution of 15 to 90 meters (about 50 to 300 feet), ASTER will image Earth for the next 6 years to map and monitor the changing surface of our planet.

ASTER is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched December 18, 1999, on NASA's Terra satellite. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and the data products. Dr. Anne Kahle at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, is the U.S. Science team leader; Bjorn Eng of JPL is the project manager. The Terra mission is part of NASA's Earth Science Enterprise, a long-term research and technology program designed to examine Earth's land, oceans, atmosphere, ice and life as a total integrated system.

The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER will provide scientists in numerous disciplines with critical information for surface mapping, and monitoring dynamic conditions and temporal change. Example applications are: monitoring glacial advances and retreats; monitoring potentially active volcanoes; identifying crop stress; determining cloud morphology and physical properties; wetlands evaluation; thermal pollution monitoring; coral reef degradation; surface temperature mapping of soils and geology; and measuring surface heat balance.

Size: 60 x 24 km (36 x 15 miles) Location: 30.6 deg. North lat., 111.2 deg. East long. Orientation: North at top Image Data: ASTER bands 1,2, and 3. Original Data Resolution: 15 m Date Acquired: July 20, 2000

2002-01-01

92

A brief history of 20th century dam construction and a look into the future  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this presentation, an overview is given of global dam building activities in the 20th century. Political, economical and hydrological factors shaped the building of large dams. The development of the relations between these three factors and dam building over time is examined. One can argue whether or not history is simply "one damn thing after another" but the second half of the 20th century suggests that history is at least reflected by the construction of one dam after another. The financial crisis of the 1930's started the first construction wave of large hydropower dams in the United States. This wave continued into the Second World War. During the Cold War, the weapon race between the USA and USSR was accompanied by a parallel neck-and-neck race in dam construction. By the 1970's, dam construction in the USA tapered off, while that in the USSR continued until its political disintegration. In China, we see two spurts in dam development, the first one coinciding with the disastrous Great Leap Forward and the second with the liberalization of the Chinese economy after the fall of the Berlin Wall. Economic and political events thus shaped to an important extent decisions surrounding the construction of large dams. Clearly, there are some hydrological prerequisites for the construction of dams. The six largest dam building nations are USSR, Canada, USA, China, Brazil, and India, all large countries with ample water resources and mountain ranges. Australia has relatively little reservoir storage for the simple fact that most of this country is flat and dry. A few countries have relatively large amounts of reservoir storage. Especially Uganda (Owens Falls), Ghana (Akosombo), and Zimbabwe (Kariba) are examples of small countries where gorges in major rivers were "natural" places for large dams and reservoirs to be built early on. It seems that, deserts aside, the average potential storage capacity lies for most continents around 10 cm or about 50% of the total yearly continental runoff. Some of the least developed countries, such as Papua New Guinea, Congo DR, and Myanmar, still have large hydropower development potential. In most countries, however, dam construction seems to have reached its peak. For the presentation, use is made of GapMinder software (www.gapminder.org), which provides direct insight in the dynamic and multi-dimensonial aspects of 20th century dam construction.

van de Giesen, Nick

2010-05-01

93

American Experience: Grand Coulee Dam  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Among many great national achievements during the Great Depression, the Grand Coulee Dam remains one of the most impressive. This fine website from the American Experience program complements a documentary that was first aired on PBS in 2012. The construction of this dam would, in the worlds of President Franklin Roosevelt, be part of a "planned promised land" that would transform the lives of farm families. The site includes a great interactive timeline, a photo gallery, and a short preview of the entire film. Additionally, the site includes two nice bonus videos, including one that deals with the processes of closing the spillway. The blog on the site includes several interesting posts on the history of the dam. Also, visitors have the opportunity to share their own stories about their own favorite iconic structures in the United States.

2012-04-27

94

OVERALL VIEW OF CASCADE CANAL COMPANY CRIB DAM, LOOKING UPSTREAM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

OVERALL VIEW OF CASCADE CANAL COMPANY CRIB DAM, LOOKING UPSTREAM FROM DIRECTION OF KACHESS DAM. VIEW TO NORTH - Kachess Dam, 1904 Cascade Canal Company Crib Dam, Kachess River, 1.5 miles north of Interstate 90, Easton, Kittitas County, WA

95

17. VIEW OF MAIN AND DIVERSION DAMS FROM WATERGATE AFTER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

17. VIEW OF MAIN AND DIVERSION DAMS FROM WATER-GATE AFTER REMOVAL OF DRIFTWOOD. DIVERSION DAM IN LEFT FOREGROUND, MAIN DAM TO THE RIGHT. Photographed July 18, 1938. - Forge Creek Dam-John Cable Mill, Townsend, Blount County, TN

96

The Best Dam Simulation Ever  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online simulation game explores the different consequences of water levels on the Columbia River in the Pacific Northwest. Learners play the role of dam operator, controlling how much water passes through the dam each season. First, learners choose whether it's a very dry or wet (or average) year and adjust the level of the reservoir in fall, winter, spring and summer. Learners see how their choices affect the migrating river salmon, power bills, recreation, agriculture, flooding, and fish that live in the reservoir. The results are compared to those of the real operators, and learners can print out a copy of your final report.

2012-06-26

97

Should We Dam Nanticoke Creek?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this decision-making exercise, students investigate what would occur if a dam were built along Nanticoke Creek, a real stream just north of West Corners near the Village of Endicott, New York. They will use topographic maps to determine how much area would be flooded by the new reservoir, to study river drainages, and to consider the impacts of dams on a region. They must also consider rivers in the context of their relation to humankind. The exercise can be extended to other, more local locations having similar topography.

Philip Childs

98

7 CFR 1724.55 - Dam safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ELECTRIC ENGINEERING, ARCHITECTURAL SERVICES AND DESIGN...the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Engineering and Design Dam Safety Assurance Program...The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Engineering and Design Dam Safety...

2011-01-01

99

Have Large Dams Altered Extreme Precipitation Patterns?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dams and their impounded waters are among the most common civil infrastructures, with a long heritage of modern design and operations experience. In particular, large dams, defined by the International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD) as having a height greater than 15 meters from the foundation and holding a reservoir volume of more than 3 million cubic meters, have the potential to vastly transform local climate, landscapes, regional economics, and urbanization patterns. In the United States alone, about 75,000 dams are capable of storing a volume of water equaling almost 1 year's mean runoff of the nation [Graf, 1999]. The World Commission on Dams (WCD) reports that at least 45,000 large dams have been built worldwide since the 1930s. These sheer numbers raise the question of the extent to which large dams and their impounded waters alter patterns that would have been pervasive had the dams not been built.

Hossain, Faisal; Jeyachandran, Indumathi; Pielke, Roger

2009-12-01

100

GATC Flanking Sequences Regulate Dam Activity: Evidence for how Dam Specificity may Influence  

E-print Network

GATC Flanking Sequences Regulate Dam Activity: Evidence for how Dam Specificity may Influence pap coli DNA adenine methyltransferase (Dam) plays essential roles in DNA replication, mismatch repair and gene regulation. The differential methylation by Dam of the two GATC sequences in the pap promoter

Reich, Norbert O.

101

33 CFR 208.19 - Marshall Ford Dam and Reservoir (Mansfield Dam and Lake Travis), Colorado River, Texas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Marshall Ford Dam and Reservoir (Mansfield Dam and Lake Travis), Colorado River, Texas. 208...FLOOD CONTROL REGULATIONS § 208.19 Marshall Ford Dam and Reservoir (Mansfield Dam and Lake...

2014-07-01

102

30 CFR 57.20010 - Retaining dams.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Retaining dams. 57.20010 Section 57.20010 Mineral...MINES Miscellaneous § 57.20010 Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be of...

2011-07-01

103

30 CFR 56.20010 - Retaining dams.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Retaining dams. 56.20010 Section 56.20010 Mineral...MINES Miscellaneous § 56.20010 Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be of...

2013-07-01

104

30 CFR 56.20010 - Retaining dams.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Retaining dams. 56.20010 Section 56.20010 Mineral...MINES Miscellaneous § 56.20010 Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be of...

2014-07-01

105

On Quantum Computation Theory Wim van Dam  

E-print Network

On Quantum Computation Theory Wim van Dam #12;#12;On Quantum Computation Theory #12;ILLC woensdag 9 oktober 2002, te 14.00 uur door Willem Klaas van Dam geboren te Breda. #12;Promotor: Prof. dr. P Dam, 2002 ISBN: 90­5776­091­6 #12;" . . . Many errors have been made in the world which today

ten Cate, Balder

106

Viscoplastic dam breaks and the Bostwick consistometer  

E-print Network

Viscoplastic dam breaks and the Bostwick consistometer N. J. Balmforth, a R. V. Craster, b P'Informazione, Universit`a di Milano, Crema, Italy Abstract We present a theoretical and experimental analysis of the dam the broken dam) that may assist an experimentalist to unravel those dependences. Experiments are conducted

Balmforth, Neil

107

30 CFR 56.20010 - Retaining dams.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Retaining dams. 56.20010 Section 56.20010 Mineral...MINES Miscellaneous § 56.20010 Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be of...

2011-07-01

108

7 CFR 1724.55 - Dam safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Dam safety. 1724.55 Section 1724.55... Electric System Design § 1724.55 Dam safety. (a) The provisions of this...borrower that owns or operates a RUS financed dam must utilize the“Federal Guidelines...

2012-01-01

109

7 CFR 1724.55 - Dam safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Dam safety. 1724.55 Section 1724.55... Electric System Design § 1724.55 Dam safety. (a) The provisions of this...borrower that owns or operates a RUS financed dam must utilize the“Federal Guidelines...

2013-01-01

110

7 CFR 1724.55 - Dam safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Dam safety. 1724.55 Section 1724.55... Electric System Design § 1724.55 Dam safety. (a) The provisions of this...borrower that owns or operates a RUS financed dam must utilize the“Federal Guidelines...

2014-01-01

111

30 CFR 57.20010 - Retaining dams.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Retaining dams. 57.20010 Section 57.20010 Mineral...MINES Miscellaneous § 57.20010 Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be of...

2014-07-01

112

30 CFR 57.20010 - Retaining dams.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Retaining dams. 57.20010 Section 57.20010 Mineral...MINES Miscellaneous § 57.20010 Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be of...

2013-07-01

113

ANNUAL FISH PASSAGE REPORT ROCK ISLAND DAM  

E-print Network

ANNUAL FISH PASSAGE REPORT ROCK ISLAND DAM COLUMBIA RIVER, WASHINGTON, 1959 :y .iiJA/i-3ri ^' WUUUi. ANNUAL FISH PASSAGE REPORT - ROCK ISLAND DAM COLUMBIA RIVER, WASHINGTON, 1959 by Paul D. Zimmer, Clifton and observations 10 Summary 13 #12;#12;ANNUAL FISH PASSAGE REPORT - ROCK ISLAND DAM COLUMBIA RIVER, WASHINGTON

114

30 CFR 57.20010 - Retaining dams.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Retaining dams. 57.20010 Section 57.20010 Mineral...MINES Miscellaneous § 57.20010 Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be of...

2012-07-01

115

30 CFR 56.20010 - Retaining dams.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Retaining dams. 56.20010 Section 56.20010 Mineral...MINES Miscellaneous § 56.20010 Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be of...

2012-07-01

116

PHILBROOK DAM Where Giants Made History  

Microsoft Academic Search

n 1968 the mighty Oroville Dam on the Feather River in Butte County made the list of the World's Greatest Dams when it was com- pleted at a height of 770 feet. This giant struc- ture, a multipurpose dam envisioned in the 1920s as part of the Central Valley Project, pro- vides flood control, water storage, hydroelectric power generation and

Robert Colby

117

Inception point for embankment dam stepped spillways  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Stepped spillways applied to embankment dams have become a common design practice with the rehabilitation of aging watershed dams, especially those experiencing a hazard classification change from low to high hazard. Previous research on stepped spillways focused on gravity dams where aerated flow ...

118

Dam Removal Express Assessment Models (DREAM)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents sample runs of the Dam Removal Express Assessment Models (DREAM) presented in the companion paper, Cui et al. (2006): DREAM-1 for simulation of sediment transport following the removal of a dam behind which the reservoir deposit is composed primarily of noncohesive sand and silt, and DREAM-2 for simulation of sediment transport following the removal of a dam

Yantao Cui; Christian Braudrick; William E. Dietrich; Brian Cluer; Gary Parker

2006-01-01

119

TECHNICAL ISSUES IN SMALL DAM REMOVAL ENGINEERING  

Microsoft Academic Search

With thousands of communities facing decisions regarding aging small dams, dam removal is often a viable option to restore aquatic habitat and relieve what can be an economic burden and public safety hazard. Although more than 500 dams have been removed from rivers and streams throughout the United States, there is relatively little published information available to guide resource managers

Brian E. Graber; Margaret Bowman; R. Scott Carney; Martin W. Doyle; Madeline Fisher; Scudder D. Mackey; Laura Wildman

120

Optimization research for ash dam cross section  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new approach for the optimization analysis of ash dam slope stability calculation by using lattice method. A further study for the optimization design of ash dam cross section using exhaustion method is also provided. The numerical result analysis indicates that using combined optimization method of lattice and exhaustion to design ash dam cross section can achieve

Shouyi Li; Jihua Zhao; Yaolong Chen; Jusheng Yang

2005-01-01

121

Middle Dam (Maine) Well Drilling  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

USGS hydrologist Martha Nielsen examines cuttings as a drill crew works to drill a new monitoring well at USGS station 443647070552303 (ME-OW400A) near Middle Dam on Lower Richardson Lake. The existing well heaved due to frost and had to be replaced....

122

Engineering Innovation at Bonneville Dam  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States Army Corps of Engineers constructed Bonneville Dam on the Columbia River in the 1930s to improve river navigation and provide hydroelectric power to the Pacific Northwest. This paper demonstrates how the Corps’ approach to the planning and design of the dam’s structures, machines, materials, and processes fostered engineering innovations. These innovations included a new kind of concrete,

Abbie B. Liel; David P. Billington

2008-01-01

123

Subdaily Hydrologic Variability by Dams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effects dams have on hydrologic, geomorphic, and ecologic regimes has been well characterized using mean daily discharge. Subdaily discharge variation (herein flashiness) has not been well characterized for a variety of dam, watershed, and land cover characteristics. The hourly hydrologic records for 30 sites across the continental United States were analyzed for flashiness using the Richards-Baker Index, coefficient of daily variation, percent of total flow variation, and the percent of the year when daily discharge is greater than mean daily discharge. The goal of this analysis is to evaluate the role of catchment variables such as mean slope and land use conditions across receiving watersheds in predicting flashiness; compare flashiness metrics across sites to identify relationships between dam related variables such as type and size; and determine the most appropriate temporal extent for assessing flashiness in streamflow. Our approach relies on data at the watershed scale with a fine temporal grain to determine flashiness over a decade of operation for each dam.

Costigan, K. H.; Ruffing, C.; Smith, J. M.; Daniels, M. D.

2012-12-01

124

ALLOWABLE OVERTOPPING OF EARTHEN DAMS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Aging of the nation’s flood control infrastructure has resulted in a need for reevaluation, and, in some instances rehabilitation, of existing earthen dams. Inadequate spillway capacity is often one of the deficiencies identified for these structures. Inadequate spillway capacity may be the result...

125

Free surface computations on dams  

Microsoft Academic Search

For many fish species, powerplants are a barrier to their natural downstream migration. Numerical models are developed to better understand the complex flow field in hydropower forebays and tailraces, and thus reduce the fish stresses associated with the passage through dams. Free surface models can simulate flows including the shape and evolution of the free surface. Improvements in the computer

Marcela Politano

126

Nonlinear Seismic Analysis of Morrow Point Dam  

SciTech Connect

This research and development project was sponsored by the United States Bureau of Reclamation (USBR), who are best known for the dams, power plants, and canals it constructed in the 17 western states. The mission statement of the USBR's Dam Safety Office, located in Denver, Colorado, is ''to ensure Reclamation dams do not present unacceptable risk to people, property, and the environment.'' The Dam Safety Office does this by quickly identifying the dams which pose an increased threat to the public, and quickly completing the related analyses in order to make decisions that will safeguard the public and associated resources. The research study described in this report constitutes one element of USBR's research and development work to advance their computational and analysis capabilities for studying the response of dams to strong earthquake motions. This project focused on the seismic response of Morrow Point Dam, which is located 263 km southwest of Denver, Colorado.

Noble, C R; Nuss, L K

2004-02-20

127

EMBANKMENT-DAM BREACH PARAMETERS.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The study used data from 43 embankment-dam failures to develop equations that predict breach formation model parameters. These data include the failure mode, embankment characteristics, reservoir conditions at the time of failure, geometry of the final breach, and the time taken to form the breach. Regression equations were developed to predict (1) the average width of a trapezoidal breach, (2) the average side-slope factor of a trapezoidal breach, and (3) the breach formation time.

Froehlich, David C.

1987-01-01

128

Exporting dams: China's hydropower industry goes global.  

PubMed

In line with China's "going out" strategy, China's dam industry has in recent years significantly expanded its involvement in overseas markets. The Chinese Export-Import Bank and other Chinese financial institutions, state-owned enterprises, and private firms are now involved in at least 93 major dam projects overseas. The Chinese government sees the new global role played by China's dam industry as a "win-win" situation for China and host countries involved. But evidence from project sites such as the Merowe Dam in Sudan demonstrates that these dams have unrecognized social and environmental costs for host communities. Chinese dam builders have yet to adopt internationally accepted social and environmental standards for large infrastructure development that can assure these costs are adequately taken into account. But the Chinese government is becoming increasingly aware of the challenge and the necessity of promoting environmentally and socially sound investments overseas. PMID:18992986

McDonald, Kristen; Bosshard, Peter; Brewer, Nicole

2009-07-01

129

View of upstream face of the forebay dam of Grand ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of upstream face of the forebay dam of Grand Coulee Dam, looking west. Construction of the forebay dam, which replaced the eastern end of the original Grand Coulee Dam, was completed in 1974. - Columbia Basin Project, Grand Coulee Dam & Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake, Across Columbia River, Southeast of Town of Grand Coulee, Grand Coulee, Grant County, WA

130

18. DETAIL AT JUNCTION OF MAIN DAM AT LEFT AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

18. DETAIL AT JUNCTION OF MAIN DAM AT LEFT AND DIVERSION DAM AT RIGHT SHOWING LOG CRIBBING. SPACES INSIDE CRIBBING WERE FILLED WITH STONE TO ANCHOR DAM; DETERIORATION OF DAM HAS ALLOWED STONE BALLAST TO WASH AWAY. Photographed July 18, 1938. - Forge Creek Dam-John Cable Mill, Townsend, Blount County, TN

131

DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT1 PINE CREEK DAM, OKLAHOMA2  

E-print Network

#12;#12;DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT1 PINE CREEK DAM, OKLAHOMA2 DAM SAFETY MODIFICATION3 &4 Environmental Assessment Pine Creek Dam, Oklahoma Dam Safety Modification & Interim Risk Reduction Measure and risk reduction measures necessary to correct structural and maintenance deficiencies of Pine Creek Dam

US Army Corps of Engineers

132

Application research of DTS system in dam  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Distributed optical fiber temperature sensor (DTS) system is widely used in temperature measuring projects. In this paper, applications of DTS system in temperature measuring and leakage detecting of dam are studied. Problems and solutions of using DTS system in dam are researched. Two typical engineering applications in the Three Gorges dam and Xin'anjiang hydropower station are studied. Test results are listed in the end.

Wang, Jianfeng; Hu, Chuanlong; Xu, Haifeng; Kang, Juan; Zhang, Zaixuan; Gong, Huaping

2010-11-01

133

Hoover Dam: The American Experience Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Experience Online presents this companion site to its recent American Experience film about the one of the greatest hydroengineering feats in history. The Hoover Dam, in Black Canyon on the Colorado River, at the Arizona-Nevada border, was built between 1930 and 1936 and is the highest concrete arch dam in the US. The site provides a program description, an enhanced transcript of the film, a brief bibliography, a list of the dam facts, an essay that explores the economic and environmental effects of the dam, a timeline, a map, a People and Events Database, and a teacher's guide.

134

Peak outflow from a breached embankment dam  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A relation for rapidly predicting the peak outflow rate from a breached embankment dam has been presented. The prediction equation is based on reliable data from 19 embankment dam failures and requires as input the volume of water in the reservoir at the time a breach begins to form, and the estimated height of the final breach. Peak outflow predicted by the equation can be used with simplified flood routing procedures to determine peak flows at locations downstream of a dam. Use of the prediction equation will improve the accuracy of rapid assessments of damage that would be caused by the flood resulting from an embankment dam failure.

Froehlich, David C.

1989-01-01

135

Green River Locks and Dams 3, 4, 5, 6 and Barren River Lock and Dam 1 Disposition, Kentucky  

E-print Network

Green River Locks and Dams 3, 4, 5, 6 and Barren River Lock and Dam 1 Disposition, Kentucky 16 September 2014 ABSTRACT: Green River Locks and Dams 3 through 6 and Barren River Lock and Dam 1 were. The Green River Locks and Dams 5 and 6 ceased operations in 1951 due to a marked decline in navigation

US Army Corps of Engineers

136

The geomorphic influences of beaver dams and failures of beaver dams  

E-print Network

The geomorphic influences of beaver dams and failures of beaver dams David R. Butlera,T, George P Abstract Uncounted millions of beaver ponds and dams existed in North America prior to European contact of sediment that would otherwise have passed through the fluvial system. Removal of beavers by overtrapping

137

21 CFR 872.6300 - Rubber dam and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Rubber dam and accessories. 872.6300 Section 872...Miscellaneous Devices § 872.6300 Rubber dam and accessories. (a) Identification. A rubber dam and accessories is a device...

2011-04-01

138

21 CFR 872.6300 - Rubber dam and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Rubber dam and accessories. 872.6300 Section 872...Miscellaneous Devices § 872.6300 Rubber dam and accessories. (a) Identification. A rubber dam and accessories is a device...

2014-04-01

139

21 CFR 872.6300 - Rubber dam and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Rubber dam and accessories. 872.6300 Section 872...Miscellaneous Devices § 872.6300 Rubber dam and accessories. (a) Identification. A rubber dam and accessories is a device...

2013-04-01

140

21 CFR 872.6300 - Rubber dam and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Rubber dam and accessories. 872.6300 Section 872...Miscellaneous Devices § 872.6300 Rubber dam and accessories. (a) Identification. A rubber dam and accessories is a device...

2012-04-01

141

4. VIEW SHOWING UPSTREAM FACE OF DAM, LOOKING NORTHEAST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. VIEW SHOWING UPSTREAM FACE OF DAM, LOOKING NORTHEAST - High Mountain Dams in Upalco Unit, Kidney Lake Dam, Ashley National Forest, 4.7 miles North of Miners Gulch Campground, Mountain Home, Duchesne County, UT

142

5. VIEW SHOWING DOWNSTREAM FACE AND TOE OF DAM, LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. VIEW SHOWING DOWNSTREAM FACE AND TOE OF DAM, LOOKING SOUTHWEST - High Mountain Dams in Upalco Unit, Kidney Lake Dam, Ashley National Forest, 4.7 miles North of Miners Gulch Campground, Mountain Home, Duchesne County, UT

143

6. VIEW SHOWING DOWNSTREAM FACE AND TOE OF DAM, LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. VIEW SHOWING DOWNSTREAM FACE AND TOE OF DAM, LOOKING SOUTHWEST - High Mountain Dams in Upalco Unit, Kidney Lake Dam, Ashley National Forest, 4.7 miles North of Miners Gulch Campground, Mountain Home, Duchesne County, UT

144

3. OVERALL VIEW OF DAM, SHOWING UPSTREAM FACE, LOOKING EAST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. OVERALL VIEW OF DAM, SHOWING UPSTREAM FACE, LOOKING EAST - High Mountain Dams in Upalco Unit, Kidney Lake Dam, Ashley National Forest, 4.7 miles North of Miners Gulch Campground, Mountain Home, Duchesne County, UT

145

GENERAL VIEW OF THE WILSON DAM, LOOKING SOUTHEAST, GENERATING PLANT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

GENERAL VIEW OF THE WILSON DAM, LOOKING SOUTHEAST, GENERATING PLANT IN THE BACKGROUND. - Wilson Dam & Hydroelectric Plant, Spanning Tennessee River at Wilson Dam Road (Route 133), Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

146

14. VIEW OF DAM SITE, LOOKING SOUTH (DOWNSTREAM). MIXING PLANT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. VIEW OF DAM SITE, LOOKING SOUTH (DOWNSTREAM). MIXING PLANT IS VISIBLE AT RIGHT, COFFER DAM IS UPSTREAM OF PLACING TOWER. EAST DOME IS VISIBLE AT LEFT OF TOWER, c. 1927 - Coolidge Dam, Gila River, Peridot, Gila County, AZ

147

3. VIEW, LOOKING NORTHEAST, SHOWING A SMALL FIELDSTONE DAM (KNOWN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. VIEW, LOOKING NORTHEAST, SHOWING A SMALL FIELD-STONE DAM (KNOWN LOCALLY AS DAM NO. 2), BUILT BY THE CCC - J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge Dams, Along Lower Souris River, Kramer, Bottineau County, ND

148

2. VIEW OF DAM 357, SHOWING UPSTREAM FACE OF THE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. VIEW OF DAM 357, SHOWING UPSTREAM FACE OF THE DAM, LOOKING WEST FROM THE NEW MINIMUM FLOW CONTROL STRUCTURE - J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 357, Along Lower Souris River, Kramer, Bottineau County, ND

149

1. VIEW OF DAM 357, SHOWING DOWNSTREAM FACE OF THE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. VIEW OF DAM 357, SHOWING DOWNSTREAM FACE OF THE DAM, LOOKING WEST TOWARD THE OUTLET WORKS - J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 357, Along Lower Souris River, Kramer, Bottineau County, ND

150

4. VIEW, LOOKING SOUTHWEST, SHOWING A LARGE FIELDSTONE DAM (KNOWN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. VIEW, LOOKING SOUTHWEST, SHOWING A LARGE FIELD-STONE DAM (KNOWN LOCALLY AS DAM NO. 1), BUILT BY THE CCC - J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge Dams, Along Lower Souris River, Kramer, Bottineau County, ND

151

8. VIEW OF DAM 83, SHOWING OLD SOURIS RIVER CHANNEL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. VIEW OF DAM 83, SHOWING OLD SOURIS RIVER CHANNEL FROM THE DOWNSTREAM FACE OF THE DAM WITH POND A IN THE BACKGROUND, LOOKING SOUTH - Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 83, Souris River Basin, Foxholm, Ward County, ND

152

Dam located to east of powerhouse, view from south. This ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Dam located to east of powerhouse, view from south. This dam holds back the waters of the Chattahoochee River to form the mill pond north of Riverdale Cotton Mill - Riverdale Cotton Mill, Powerhouse & Dam, Valley, Chambers County, AL

153

McNary Dam, Ice Harbor Dam, and Lower Monumental Dam Smolt Monitoring Program; 1996 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

The Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife (WDFW) assumed responsibility for the Smolt Monitoring Program at McNary Dam on the Columbia River in 1990 and at the new juvenile collection facility at Lower Monumental Dam on the Snake River in 1993. In 1996, Smolt Monitoring Program activities also began at the new juvenile collection facility located at Ice Harbor Dam. This report summarizes the 1996 Smolt Monitoring work at all three sites. The work at Ice Harbor consisted of Gas Bubble Trauma (GBT) monitoring only. In general, the 1996 passage season at both the McNary and Lower Monumental sites can be characterized by reduced passage of juveniles through the collection systems due to elevated river flows and spill, and low (<1%) overall facility mortality rates most likely resulting from cooler water temperatures. In accordance with the National Marine Fisheries Service recommendations (NMFS, 1995) all spring migrants were bypassed at McNary Dam in 1996. Mechanical problems within the McNary collection system resulted in collection and sampling activities being delayed until April 18 at this site, while sampling and collection began on the scheduled starting date of April 1 at Lower Monumental Dam. Monitoring operations were conducted through December 14 at McNary Dam and through October 28 at Lower Monumental Dam. An ongoing transportation evaluation summer migrant marking program was conducted at McNary Dam in 1996 by the NMFS. This necessitated the sampling of 394,211 additional fish beyond the recommended sampling guidelines. All total, 509,237 and 31,219 juvenile salmonids were anesthetized and individually counted, examined for scale loss, injuries, and brands by WDFW Smolt Monitoring personnel in 1996 at McNary Dam and Lower Monumental Dam, respectively.

Hillson, Todd; Lind, Sharon; Price, William (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA)

1997-07-01

154

Estimating flow through an earthen dam  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students make measurements of dam dimensions and water levels above and below a small, accessible earthen dam. They assess the soil texture in the field. They follow up by developing a simple flow net and estimating seepage rate as part of a problem set. They discuss their assumptions and the likely sources and magnitude of error.

Kaye Savage

155

Ethanol Consumption by Rat Dams During Gestation,  

E-print Network

beverages. Maternal consumption of alcohol during pregnancy and nursing leads to blood- ethanol levelsEthanol Consumption by Rat Dams During Gestation, Lactation and Weaning Increases Ethanol examined effects of ethanol consumption in rat dams during gestation, lactation, and weaning on voluntary

Galef Jr., Bennett G.

156

Horizontal displacements of rock foundations of dams  

SciTech Connect

This paper uses geodetic survey methods to assess the horizontal displacements of dam foundations for several hydroelectric power plants in the Soviet Union. The effects of filling the reservoirs are outlined and the dependence of the degree of displacement on dam height is analyzed. The results are tabulated.

Karlson, A.A.

1987-08-01

157

ROV-AIDED DAM INSPECTION: PRACTICAL RESULTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUVs) are used in a growing number of underwater missions, mostly inspections of different types of installations such as: telecommunication cables, pipes or oil extraction installations. A field where UUVs are still starting to prove their utility is dam inspection. This paper presents details our first approach in dam inspection. A set of experiments carried out

Joan Batlle; Tudor Nicosevici; Rafael Garcia; Marc Carreras

158

Tiger Dams Reinforce Baton Rouge Levees  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Tiger Dams line the Baton Rouge Mississippi River levee during the 2011 Flood.  Previously used to prevent oil from reaching Louisiana's coast during the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill, these Tiger Dams are filled with water and reinforced with sandbags to give the Baton Rouge Mississippi Riv...

159

Do we need construct more dams?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper reviews global dam development in association with the growths of global population, economy, and energy consumption in the past several decades, and also evaluates contributions of dam development to future world sustainable development. Eventually, this paper answers whether we need more dams in the future or not. The world population has rapidly increased from 1.6 billion in 1900, 2.5 billion in 1950, 6.1 billion in 2000, to 7.0 billion in 2011, and is projected to reach 9.5 billion in 2050; similarly, the world economy has dramatically expanded. To maintain socioeconomic development, the consumption of water, food and energy has increased rapidly as well. However, the total volume of available water resource over the world is limited, the food production largely depends on water supply, and the main energy sources are still oil, coal and gas at present, which are regarded as non-renewable resources. Accordingly, it is expected that we will face serious problems to deal with the challenges of water crisis, food security and energy shortage in the near future. In order to enhance the capability of regulating water resource, a great number of global dams (and related reservoirs) have been constructed in the last one hundred years; currently, almost all large rivers over the world have been regulated by dams. The reservoirs can supply sufficient water for irrigated land to ensure food production, and the associated hydropower stations can generate electricity. This article collects the dam data from the ICOLD (International Commission on Large Dams) and GRanD (Global Reservoir and Dam) databases, and some socioeconomic data, including population, economy, and consumptions of water, food and energy over the world. Analysis of these data reveals that global dam development has a great impact on the world sustainable development. Further, it is concluded that we need further dam development to maintain our future development.

Chen, J.; Shi, H.

2013-12-01

160

Guidewall demolition at Bonneville Dam  

SciTech Connect

Bonneville Dam, completed in 1938, included the smallest and busiest lock on the Columbia and Snake River Navigation System. To expedite barge traffic through this restriction, a new larger lock was designed and contracted by the U.S. Army Corp of Engineers. The project involved drill and shoot, alluvial gravel and rock excavation, dredging, rock support, structural concrete, and assorted demolitions. A large portion of the demolition work was the removal of the existing guidewall to allow barge traffic access to the new lock. Guidewall Demolition was completed using drill and shoot techniques and dredging the debris from the channel. This work involved unique challenges and innovative solutions to produce a successful result.

Marks, R.S. [Kiewit Pacific Co., Vancouver, WA (United States)

1997-05-01

161

Dam Failure Inundation Map Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

At the end of the first year, we remain on schedule. Property owners were identified and contacted for land access purposes. A prototype software package has been completed and was demonstrated to the Division of Land and Natural Resources (DLNR), National Weather Service (NWS) and Pacific Disaster Center (PDC). A field crew gathered data and surveyed the areas surrounding two dams in Waimea. (A field report is included in the annual report.) Data sensitivity analysis was initiated and completed. A user's manual has been completed. Beta testing of the software was initiated, but not completed. The initial TNK and property owner data collection for the additional test sites on Oahu and Kauai have been initiated.

Johnson, Carl; Iokepa, Judy; Dahlman, Jill; Michaud, Jene; Paylor, Earnest (Technical Monitor)

2000-01-01

162

Dams on the Mekong: Cumulative sediment starvation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Mekong River, largely undeveloped prior to 1990, is undergoing rapid dam construction. Seven dams are under construction on the mainstem in China and 133 proposed for the Lower Mekong River and tributaries. We delineated nine distinct geomorphic regions, for which we estimated sediment yields based on geomorphic characteristics, tectonic history, and the limited sediment transport data available. We then applied the 3W model to calculate cumulative sediment trapping by these dams, accounting for changing trap efficiency over time and multiple dams on a single river system. Under a "definite future" scenario of 38 dams (built or under construction), cumulative sediment reduction to the Delta would be 51%. Under full build-out of all planned dams, cumulative sediment trapping will be 96%. That is, once in-channel stored sediment is exhausted, only 4% of the predam sediment load would be expected to reach the Delta. This scenario would have profound consequences on productivity of the river and persistence of the Delta landform itself, and suggests that strategies to pass sediment through/around dams should be explored to prevent the consequences of downstream sediment starvation.

Kondolf, G. M.; Rubin, Z. K.; Minear, J. T.

2014-06-01

163

9. VIEW OF BASIN BEHIND DAM, SHOWING SCARS FROM EARTH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. VIEW OF BASIN BEHIND DAM, SHOWING SCARS FROM EARTH MOVING TO CONSTRUCT DAM, LOOKING EAST - High Mountain Dams in Upalco Unit, East Timothy Lake Dam, Ashley National Forest, 8.4 miles North of Swift Creek Campground, Mountain Home, Duchesne County, UT

164

46. Photocopy of photograph, c. 1933. VIEW OF DAM AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

46. Photocopy of photograph, c. 1933. VIEW OF DAM AND FOREBAY. NOTE ALL WATER FLOWING THROUGH FOREBAY AND OUT EITHER TAILRACE OR SLUICE GATE (INSTEAD OF OVER DAM) BECAUSE OF LOW WATER FLOW. (Courtesy of the Potomac Edison Company Library (Hagerstown, MD), Historical Data Files, Dam No. 5 listing - Dam No. 5 Hydroelectric Plant, On Potomac River, Hedgesville, Berkeley County, WV

165

53. AVALON DAM Photographic copy of historic photo, August ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

53. AVALON DAM - Photographic copy of historic photo, August 9, 1893 (original print located at the Carlsbad Irrigation District offices, Carlsbad, New Mexico) photographer unknown 'EDDY DAM. LOOKING EAST.' VIEW OF COLLAPSED DAM - Carlsbad Irrigation District, Avalon Dam, On Pecos River, 4 miles North of Carlsbad, Carlsbad, Eddy County, NM

166

66. AVALON DAM Photographic copy of historic photo, May ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

66. AVALON DAM - Photographic copy of historic photo, May 22, 1908 (original print filed in Record Group 115, National Archives, Washington, D.C.) W.J.Lubken, photographer 'VIEW LOOKING EAST FROM WEST END OF AVALON DAM, SHOWING DOWNSTREAM FACE OF DAM' - Carlsbad Irrigation District, Avalon Dam, On Pecos River, 4 miles North of Carlsbad, Carlsbad, Eddy County, NM

167

8. VIEW OF BASIN BEHIND DAM, SHOWING SCARS FROM EARTH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. VIEW OF BASIN BEHIND DAM, SHOWING SCARS FROM EARTH MOVING TO CONSTRUCT DAM, LOOKING NORTH - High Mountain Dams in Upalco Unit, East Timothy Lake Dam, Ashley National Forest, 8.4 miles North of Swift Creek Campground, Mountain Home, Duchesne County, UT

168

8. WEST DAM, LOOKING DUE NORTH OVER TOP OF WEST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. WEST DAM, LOOKING DUE NORTH OVER TOP OF WEST DAM, SHOWING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN OUTLET TO RIGHT OF DAM, NEW PUMP PLANT BUILDING AND CANAL TO LEFT OF DAM. - Eastside Reservoir, Diamond & Domenigoni Valleys, southwest of Hemet, Hemet, Riverside County, CA

169

6. DAM AFTERBAY, WITH OWYEE RIVER IN FOREGROUND, SHOWING OUTLET ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. DAM AFTERBAY, WITH OWYEE RIVER IN FOREGROUND, SHOWING OUTLET TUNNEL PORTAL (LEFT) AND POWERHOUSE AND ENTRANCE PORTAL TO DAM INTERIOR (RIGHT). NOTE RELEASE OF WATER FROM NEEDLE VALVE NUMBER 2 IN VALVEHOUSE ON DAM. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST. - Owyhee Dam, Across Owyhee River, Nyssa, Malheur County, OR

170

4. VIEW OF DOWNSTREAM FACE OF DAM, WITH SCARS FROM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. VIEW OF DOWNSTREAM FACE OF DAM, WITH SCARS FROM EARTH MOVING TO CONSTRUCT DAM IN FOREGROUND, LOOKING NORTHWEST - High Mountain Dams in Upalco Unit, Five Point Lake Dam, Ashley National Forest, 12 miles Northwest of Swift Creek Campground, Mountain Home, Duchesne County, UT

171

2. Overview of the Lost River Diversion Dam House complex ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Overview of the Lost River Diversion Dam House complex taken from west edge of horseshoe-shaped Lost River Diversion Dam. Interior of east side of dam in the foreground. Facing East. - Klamath Basin Project, Lost River Diversion Dam House, Lost River near intersection of State Highway 140 & Hill Road, Klamath Falls, Klamath County, OR

172

7. SOUTHEAST VIEW OF BIG DALTON DAM SHOWING THE MULTIPLE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. SOUTHEAST VIEW OF BIG DALTON DAM SHOWING THE MULTIPLE ARCHES, AN UPSTREAM VIEW OF THE PARAPET WALL ALONG THE CREST OF THE DAM, AND THE SHELTER HOUSE AT THE EAST END OF THE DAM. - Big Dalton Dam, 2600 Big Dalton Canyon Road, Glendora, Los Angeles County, CA

173

43. Credit TR. Reconstruction of Dam No. 4 after 1936 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

43. Credit TR. Reconstruction of Dam No. 4 after 1936 flood. Pouring concrete for new dam section; opening at left for flume to remove water from behind coffer dam. Photo c. 1936 - Dam No. 4 Hydroelectric Plant, Potomac River, Martinsburg, Berkeley County, WV

174

Design of a Sediment Mitigation System for Conowingo Dam  

E-print Network

Design of a Sediment Mitigation System for Conowingo Dam Rayhan Ain, Kevin Cazenas, Sheri Gravette with the Dam. During these events, the sediment build up at Conowingo Dam in the Lower Susquehanna River has the best mitigation technique to address the scouring of sediment at Conowingo Dam. Design alternatives

175

Three-Gorges Dam: Risk to Ancient Fish  

E-print Network

Three-Gorges Dam: Risk to Ancient Fish THE HUGETHREE-GORGES DAM (TGD) OFTHE Yangtze River is going and animals, as discussed by J. Wu et al. in their Policy Forum "Three-Gorges Dam-- experiment in habitat). The construction of the Gezhou Dam (38 km downstream from the TGD) in 1981 led to sharp declines in the popula

Wu, Jianguo "Jingle"

176

Tribal water rights: exploring dam construction in Indian country.  

PubMed

This paper examines the legal and policy framework related to Tribal water rights, with a key focus on the environmental public health impacts of dam construction in Indian Country. Three dam projects will be highlighted: the Dalles Dam, the Elwha River Dams, and the Pick-Sloan Missouri River Basin Program. PMID:25846167

Church, Jerilyn; Ekechi, Chinyere O; Hoss, Aila; Larson, Anika Jade

2015-03-01

177

Assessing Sediment-Related Effects of Dam Removals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Subcommittee on Sedimentation: Sediment Management and Dam Removal Workshop; Portland, Oregon, 14-16 October 2008; For a host of reasons including dam safety, maintenance costs, and ecological concerns, more dams are currently being removed each year in the United States than are being constructed. Because many reservoirs have accumulated sediments within their pools, dam removal can potentially impose a variety of

J. Rose Wallick; Timothy Randle

2009-01-01

178

MURTHY, MURTY AND RAGHUPATHY Designing Earth Dams Optimally  

E-print Network

are also used in earth dams. Earth dams have been built by various human societies for centuries[ 91 ] MURTHY, MURTY AND RAGHUPATHY Designing Earth Dams Optimally G S R Murthy1 , Katta G Murty2 HES Infra Limited, Hyderabad, India Abstract : Engineering design of an earth dam is a crucial issue

Murty, Katta G.

179

Reliability design optimization of gravity dam section based on PSO  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reliability design optimization method of gravity dam section is put forward in this paper. Considering the failure probability of gravity dam is very small required in specification, the Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method and subset theory are combined and applied to calculate the reliability of gravity dam. The minimization of initial cost and failure cost of gravity dam is

Xin Miaowu; Zhi-Hong Qie; Zhi-Yu Zhang; Song-Hui Li

2009-01-01

180

Reliablity analysis of gravity dams by response surface method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A dam failure is one of the most important problems in dam industry. Since the mechanical behavior of dams is usually a complex phenomenon existing classical mathematical models are generally insufficient to adequately predict the dam failure and thus the safety of dams. Therefore, numerical reliability methods are often used to model such a complex mechanical phenomena. Thus, the main purpose of the present paper is to present the response surface method as a powerful mathematical tool used to study and foresee the dam safety considering a set of collected monitoring data. The derived mathematical model is applied to a case study, the Moste dam, which is the highest concrete gravity dam in Slovenia. Based on the derived model, the ambient/state variables are correlated with the dam deformation in order to gain a forecasting tool able to define the critical thresholds for dam management.

Humar, Nina; Kryžanowski, Andrej; Brilly, Mitja; Schnabl, Simon

2013-04-01

181

Analysis of seismic disaster failure mechanism and dam-break simulation of high arch dam  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on a Chinese national high arch dam located in a meizoseismal region, a nonlinear numerical analysis model of the damage and failure process of a dam-foundation system is established by employing a 3-D deformable distinct element code (3DEC) and its re-development functions. The proposed analysis model considers the dam-foundation-reservoir coupling effect, influence of nonlinear contact in the opening and closing of the dam seam surface and abutment rock joints during strong earthquakes, and radiation damping of far field energy dissipation according to the actual workability state of an arch dam. A safety assessment method and safety evaluation criteria is developed to better understand the arch dam system disaster process from local damage to ultimate failure. The dynamic characteristics, disaster mechanism, limit bearing capacity and the entire failure process of a high arch dam under a strong earthquake are then analyzed. Further, the seismic safety of the arch dam is evaluated according to the proposed evaluation criteria and safety assessment method. As a result, some useful conclusions are obtained for some aspects of the disaster mechanism and failure process of an arch dam. The analysis method and conclusions may be useful in engineering practice.

Zhang, Jingkui; Zhang, Liaojun

2014-06-01

182

EVOLVING EXPECTATIONS OF DAM REMOVAL OUTCOMES: DOWNSTREAM GEOMORPHIC EFFECTS FOLLOWING REMOVAL OF A SMALL, GRAVEL-FILLED DAM1  

E-print Network

EVOLVING EXPECTATIONS OF DAM REMOVAL OUTCOMES: DOWNSTREAM GEOMORPHIC EFFECTS FOLLOWING REMOVAL OF A SMALL, GRAVEL-FILLED DAM1 Kelly Kibler, Desiree Tullos, and Mathias Kondolf 2 ABSTRACT: Dam removal is a promising river restoration technique, particularly for the vast number of rivers impounded by small dams

Tullos, Desiree

183

The Hoover Dam: Lonely Lands Made Fruitful  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Project designer Janet Haven of the University of Virginia American Studies Program presents the construction of the Hoover Dam as an alternative narrative to the devastation of the Great Depression in her photoessay, The Hoover Dam: Lonely Lands Made Fruitful. Five slide shows created in Flash2 cover the construction from diverting the Colorado River to pouring concrete and adding the final touches to a completed dam. The slide shows are prefaced by historical background, including short essays on topics such as the Dam as the "Machine in the Desert" and the text of Franklin D. Roosevelt's Dedication Speech upon completion, September 30, 1935. Images of maps and plans are linked throughout, and a list of Works Consulted gives concise source descriptions as well as ideas for further reading.

184

Toward Policies and Decision-Making for Dam Removal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dam removal has emerged as a critical issue in environmental management. Agencies responsible for dams face a drastic increase\\u000a in the number of potential dam removals in the near future. Given limited resources, these agencies need to develop ways to\\u000a decide which dams should be removed and in what order. The underlying science of dam removal is relatively undeveloped and

MARTIN W. DOYLE; JON M. HARBOR; EMILY H. STANLEY

2003-01-01

185

Leibis/Lichte Dam in Germany  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Thuringia the second highest dam of Germany is under construction (figure 1). The new Leibis/Lichte dam is a 370 m long and 102.5 m high gravity dam of concrete with straight axis. With the completion of the Leibis/Lichte dam in 2005 more than 300.000 inhabitants of the Eastern Regions of Thuringia will be supplied with high quality drinking water. The foundation rocks at the dam site are exclusively greyish-blue argillaceous schist, silt schist and cleaved fine sandstones from the Ordovician period (phycode schist). The main joint system consists of three differently orientated joints. Geomechanically of main interest is the shallow dipping bedding, especially in the left abutment because of its downhill dip. The other joints show a generally steep dip. Wide extending faults with thick mylonites or fractured zones, which could influence the foundation of the dam, do not exist within the dam site. The engineering geological field mapping of the foundation surface confirms the rock mass parameters. The excavation works are carried out in four different stages to avoid loosening of the foundation rock. Great care is taken to assure that the foundation rock is protected against weathering. Based on the results of preliminary investigations the foundation level was planned in a depth of 4 to14 m. The abutments of the dam correspond to the expectations. Predominantly the argillaceous rock shows a low permeability. The permeability is exclusively linked to faults respectively few large joints. In order to prevent seepage and to reduce the uplift pressure, a grout curtain in two rows is arranged with a depth of 5 to 44 metres.

Kühnel, Markus

186

Provision of reliability of earth dams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conclusions 1.For high-quality performance of all types of main works on the construction of earth and earth-rock dams the construction sites should be equipped with construction machines which make it possible to place the earth materials without their segregation, to compact them to the prescribed density (especially at places where the dam joins the canyon walls), to treat the compacted

1983-01-01

187

Stability analysis of White Oak Dam  

SciTech Connect

White Oak Dam is located in the White Oak Creek watershed which provides the primary surface drainage for Oak Ridge National Laboratory. A stability analysis was made on the dam by Syed Ahmed in January 1994 which included an evaluation of the liquefaction potential of the embankment and foundation. This report evaluates the stability of the dam and includes comments on the report prepared by Ahmed. Slope stability analyses were performed on the dam and included cases for sudden drawdown, steady seepage, partial pool and earthquake. Results of the stability analyses indicate that the dam is stable and failure of the structure would not occur for the cases considered. The report prepared by Ahmed leads to the same conclusions as stated above. Review of the report finds that it is complete, well documented and conservative in its selection of soil parameters. The evaluation of the liquefaction potential is also complete and this report is in agreement with the findings that the dam and foundation are not susceptible to liquefaction.

NONE

1995-04-11

188

Dam nation: A geographic census of American dams and their large-scale hydrologic impacts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Newly available data indicate that dams fragment the fluvial system of the continental United States and that their impact on river discharge is several times greater than impacts deemed likely as a result of global climate change. The 75,000 dams in the continental United States are capable of storing a volume of water almost equaling one year's mean runoff, but

William L. Graf

1999-01-01

189

DAMS, DAM REMOVAL, AND RIVER RESTORATION: A HEDONIC PROPERTY VALUE ANALYSIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the results of a hedonic property value analysis for multiple hydropower sites along the Kennebec River in Maine, including the former site of the Edwards Dam in Augusta, Maine. The effect of the removal of the Edwards Dam on the Kennebec River in Maine is examined through consumer’s marginal willingness to pay to be close to or

LYNNE Y. LEWIS; CURTIS BOHLEN; SARAH WILSON

2008-01-01

190

NONLINEAR INCREMENTAL THERMAL STRESS-STRAIN ANALYSIS FOR PORTUGUES DAM; AN RCC GRAVITY ARCH DAM  

Microsoft Academic Search

A nonlinear incremental thermal stress-strain analysis (NISA) was conducted to evaluate the behavior of the Portugues Dam. The purpose of the analysis was to study the effect of thermal loading caused by heat of hydration and assess the potential for cracking. The Portugues dam is designed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers as a roller compacted concrete (RCC) gravity

Ahmed Nisar; David Dollar; Paul Jacob; Dongmei Chu; Charles Logie

191

Hiwassee Dam rehabilitation to combat concrete growth  

SciTech Connect

Hiwassee Dam is experiencing concrete growth caused by alkali-aggregate reaction (AAR). The AAR is the alkali-silica tape associated with excessive alkali in the cement and a micaceous quartzite (siliceous) aggregate used in the concrete. Concrete growth at Hiwassee Dam caused by this reaction has resulted in high stresses and deflections within the dam. These stresses and deflections have caused the nonoverflow blocks to deflect into the spillway openings causing the spillway gates to bind. This growth has also caused the spillway bridge expansion joints to close, and structural cracking in the upper portion of the dam. This is a continuation of the paper that was presented at the International conference on Hydropower {open_quotes}WATERPOWER `93{close_quotes} entitled {open_quotes}MODIFICATION AT HIWASSEE DAM DUE TO CONCRETE GROWTH PROBLEMS{close_quotes} Volume 2, page 860 to 869. It presents: The rehabilitation to date, the instrumentation that has been installed to monitor the rehabilitation, and the results of these efforts.

Newell, V.A.; Tanner, D.T.; Wagner, C.D. [Tennessee Valley Authority, Chattanooga, TN (United States)

1995-12-31

192

The Remains of the Dam: What Have We Learned From 10 Years of Dam Removals?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the past 10 years in the U.S., dam removal has evolved from an occasionally implemented, rarely studied, and poorly understood intervention to improve rivers, to a much more frequently accomplished and better studied and understood approach to river restoration. Over that same time period, the numbers and sizes of dams and volumes of sediment released have dramatically increased. By some estimates close to 1000 dams have been removed over the last 100 years, with most of those occurring within the last 10. While most of these are small (less than 15 m high) dams, removals of dams up to 70 m high are presently underway. Releases of sediment associated with these removals over the past 10 years have also increased by close to four orders of magnitude; for example removal of the Elwha River dams in Washington is estimated to release almost 107 m3 of sediment into the lower Elwha River. Given a decade's worth of dam removals and, in some cases, well-orchestrated case studies of the effects of removal on the geomorphology and (to a lesser extent) ecology of rivers, what have we learned? More specifically, where do we now stand with respect to being able to predict the consequences of future dam removals? Drawing on both field examples and numerical models of dam removals in the western U.S., several key lessons stand out. Although every dam removal and river are different, removals initiate very rapid upstream river response and reservoir erosion and evacuation of sediment by various mechanisms that are strongly controlled by grain size of the deposit, volumes of residual sediment relative to total reservoir volume, and style of dam removal (instantaneous versus staged). Erosion of sediment accumulations in fully and partially filled (by sediment) reservoirs proceeds by different trajectories and rates, with full reservoirs releasing sediment primarily by upstream knickpoint retreat while erosion and sediment release in partially-filled reservoirs proceeds by vertical incision and delta progradation. Coarse grained non-cohesive sediment deposits erode by both vertical incision and lateral migration; fine-grained non-cohesive deposits can slump and fail catastrophically by landsliding. The rate of upstream reservoir erosion sets the tempo of downstream river adjustments and sedimentation. Prediction of location of sediment accumulations is bolstered by both 1- and 2-D hydrodynamic models that have proven to be remarkably accurate in predicting the spatial extent and pattern of deposition, but are less accurate with respect to predicting timing and longevity of deposits.Erosion of Marmot coffer dam on the Sandy River, OR following dam breach, October 19, 2007

Grant, G. E.; O'Connor, J. E.; Major, J. J.

2012-12-01

193

Analysis of landslide dams induced by the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Landslide dams caused by earthquakes are extremely hazardous disruptions of the flow of water and sediment in mountain rivers, capable of delivering large outburst floods that may devastate downstream areas. We analyzed a unique inventory of 828 landslide dams triggered by the Mw 7.9 2008 Wenchuan tectonic earthquake, China, constituting ˜1.4% of the >60,000 coseismic slope failures mapped and attributed to this event. While 501 landslides blocked the rivers completely, the remainder caused only partial damming or channel diversion. The spatial distribution of landslide dams follows the same trend of that of the total landslide distribution, with landslide dams being most abundant in the steep watersheds of the hanging wall of the Yingxiu-Beichuan Thrust Fault, and in the northeastern part of the strike-slip fault near Qingchuan. Besides the co-seismic landslide density, the river width also played a key role in determining the landslide dam formation. Narrow rivers are more prone to be dammed than the wide rivers. The correlation between river width and landslide dam volume follows a linear relation, which can be used to roughly estimate the dam formation possibility. However, the applicability of this correlation needs to be validated in other regions. The decay (failure) rate of dams, defined here as the percentage of the number and area of landslide dams that have failed over time, shows that ˜25% of dams accounting for ˜30% of total landslide dam area failed one week after the earthquake. These percentages increased to ˜60% within 1 month, and to >90% within 1 year. The geomorphometric parameters were analyzed, revealing power-law relations between landslide area and dam width, landslide source area and dam area, as well as lake area and lake volume. The inventory presented in this study will enrich the worldwide earthquake-induced landslide dam database and will also contribute to a better understanding of the post-earthquake dam decay.

Fan, Xuanmei; van Westen, Cees J.; Xu, Qiang; Gorum, Tolga; Dai, Fuchu

2012-09-01

194

NOVA: Bombing Hitlerâ??s Dams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

NOVA is well-known for its engaging documentaries and the team delivers once more with â??Bombing Hitlerâ??s Dams.â? Located within the Military + Espionage section of the NOVA site, this episode follows experts as they recreate the 1943 efforts of the â??dam busterâ? pilots and their one-of-a-kind bouncing bomb. A revolutionary secret weapon, the bomb was used to destroy two German dams, effectively cutting off the water supply to vital arms factories during WWII. The entire episode (nearly 2 hours in length) can be viewed here, accompanied by a complete Transcript of the program and Related Links, such as â??D-Dayâ??s Sunken Secretsâ? and â??Escaping a Nazi Prison Camp.â? Visitors can also read through the TV Schedule to view Upcoming Broadcasts or Recent Broadcasts that can all be viewed online and are accompanied by related websites, articles, interviews, slideshows, and other great features.

2012-01-11

195

Revised Final Independent External Peer Review Report for the East Branch Dam, Clarion River,  

E-print Network

Revised Final Independent External Peer Review Report for the East Branch Dam, Clarion River, Elk County, Pennsylvania: Dam Safety Modification Report Prepared by Battelle Memorial Institute Prepared Report East Branch Dam, Clarion River, Elk County, Pennsylvania: Dam Safety Modification Report

US Army Corps of Engineers

196

Dam nation: A geographic census of American dams and their large-scale hydrologic impacts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Newly available data indicate that dams fragment the fluvial system of the continental United States and that their impact on river discharge is several times greater than impacts deemed likely as a result of global climate change. The 75,000 dams in the continental United States are capable of storing a volume of water almost equaling one year's mean runoff, but there is considerable geographic variation in potential surface water impacts. In some western mountain and plains regions, dams can store more than 3 year's runoff, while in the Northeast and Northwest, storage is as little as 25% of the annual runoff. Dams partition watersheds; the drainage area per dam varies from 44 km2 (17 miles2) per dam in New England to 811 km2 (313 miles2) per dam in the Lower Colorado basin. Storage volumes, indicators of general hydrologic effects of dams, range from 26,200 m3 km-2 (55 acre-feet mile-2) in the Great Basin to 345,000 m3 km-2 (725 acre-feet mile-2) in the South Atlantic region. The greatest river flow impacts occur in the Great Plains, Rocky Mountains, and the arid Southwest, where storage is up to 3.8 times the mean annual runoff. The nation's dams store 5000 m3 (4 acre-feet) of water per person. Water resource regions have experienced individualized histories of cumulative increases in reservoir storage (and thus of downstream hydrologic and ecologic impacts), but the most rapid increases in storage occurred between the late 1950s and the late 1970s. Since 1980, increases in storage have been relatively minor.

Graf, William L.

1999-04-01

197

Optimizing the dammed: water supply losses and fish habitat gains from dam removal in California.  

PubMed

Dams provide water supply, flood protection, and hydropower generation benefits, but also harm native species by altering the natural flow regime and degrading aquatic and riparian habitat. Restoring some rivers reaches to free-flowing conditions may restore substantial environmental benefits, but at some economic cost. This study uses a systems analysis approach to preliminarily evaluate removing rim dams in California's Central Valley to highlight promising habitat and unpromising economic use tradeoffs for water supply and hydropower. CALVIN, an economic-engineering optimization model, is used to evaluate water storage and scarcity from removing dams. A warm and dry climate model for a 30-year period centered at 2085, and a population growth scenario for year 2050 water demands represent future conditions. Tradeoffs between hydropower generation and water scarcity to urban, agricultural, and instream flow requirements were compared with additional river kilometers of habitat accessible to anadromous fish species following dam removal. Results show that existing infrastructure is most beneficial if operated as a system (ignoring many current institutional constraints). Removing all rim dams is not beneficial for California, but a subset of existing dams are potentially promising candidates for removal from an optimized water supply and free-flowing river perspective. Removing individual dams decreases statewide delivered water by 0-2282 million cubic meters and provides access to 0 to 3200 km of salmonid habitat upstream of dams. The method described here can help prioritize dam removal, although more detailed, project-specific studies also are needed. Similarly, improving environmental protection can come at substantially lower economic cost, when evaluated and operated as a system. PMID:24594701

Null, Sarah E; Medellín-Azuara, Josué; Escriva-Bou, Alvar; Lent, Michelle; Lund, Jay R

2014-04-01

198

Concrete dams as seismic imaging sources  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We obtained noise correlation functions (NCF) in northern Montana from broadband data that include P- and S-wave first arrivals and short-period surface waves for frequencies extending to nearly 15 Hz at offsets of 5-17 km using ambient resonant vibrations of a concrete gravity-arch dam as seismic source. A seismograph operated close to the dam acted as a virtual source with a compact autocorrelation function, making it feasible to use short-duration cross-correlation time windows to obtain a larger number of NCF stacks with impulsive high-frequency body wave first-arrivals from recording durations of a single day to several weeks.

O'Connell, Daniel R. H.

2007-10-01

199

Hydroelectric dams need billions for rehab  

SciTech Connect

Many of the Corps of Engineers older hydroelectric dams will require major rehabilitation over the next ten years. Preventive maintenance, repair work, and major rehabilitation of the Corp's hydro dams in inadequate because the revenue generated by sales of electricity, by law, is returned to the Treasury. Most multimillion dollar rehabilitation projects require specific approval for funding by Congress and securing it is a long and difficult process. It is hoped the funding problem will soon be addressed by the Clinton administration. Already, nearly one-sixth of the 2,154 Mw of hydro is unavailable because with hydro units are either out of service or operating at less than full capacity.

Carr, F.H.; Soast, A.

1993-01-11

200

Lac Courte Oreilles Hydro Dam Assessment  

SciTech Connect

The main objective of this project was to investigate upgrading the existing hydro power generating system at the Winter Dam. The tribe would like to produce more energy and receive a fair market power purchase agreement so the dam is no longer a drain on our budget but a contributor to our economy. We contracted Kiser Hydro, LLC Engineering for this project and received an engineering report that includes options for producing more energy with cost effective upgrades to the existing turbines. Included in this project was a negotiation of energy price sales negotiations.

Weaver, Jason [Lac Courte Oreilles; Meyers, Amy [Kiser Hydro

2014-12-31

201

JiTT - Dam Removal - A Good Idea or Not?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

1) What are some of the biological effects of dam removal (good and bad)? 2) What are some of the more pressing/compelling reasons to remove a dam? Explain. 3) The Stanley and Doyle (2003) article states that, ...

Laura Guertin

202

1. SNAKE RIVER VALLEY IRRIGATION DISTRICT DAM, VIEW OF NORTH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. SNAKE RIVER VALLEY IRRIGATION DISTRICT DAM, VIEW OF NORTH ELEVATION OF INTAKE ON EAST SIDE OF DAM - Snake River Valley Irrigation District, East Side of Snake River (River Mile 796), Shelley, Bingham County, ID

203

1. Salmon Creek Diversion Dam, weir (to left), sand and ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Salmon Creek Diversion Dam, weir (to left), sand and silt sluice gate (center), main canal headworks (to right), view to northwest - Salmon Creek Diversion Dam, Salmon Creek, Okanogan, Okanogan County, WA

204

2. Salmon Creek Diversion Dam, overview, diversion weir center foreground, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Salmon Creek Diversion Dam, overview, diversion weir center foreground, headworks overflow weir to center left, view to east - Salmon Creek Diversion Dam, Salmon Creek, Okanogan, Okanogan County, WA

205

32. Otter Lake Dam. View from downstream show how the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

32. Otter Lake Dam. View from downstream show how the dam blends into its environment. Looking east-northeast. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

206

54. Downstream face of Agua Fria project's diversion dam showing ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

54. Downstream face of Agua Fria project's diversion dam showing initial masonry construction and poured concrete capping. Photographer Mark Durben, 1986. Source: Salt River Project. - Waddell Dam, On Agua Fria River, 35 miles northwest of Phoenix, Phoenix, Maricopa County, AZ

207

5. VIEW SHOWING THE DOWNSTREAM SIDE OF SWAN FALLS DAM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. VIEW SHOWING THE DOWNSTREAM SIDE OF SWAN FALLS DAM AND POWER HOUSE, LOOKING UPSTREAM TO SOUTH FROM THE A MOUND OF DEBRIS ABOUT THIRTY TO FORTY FEET ABOVE THE RIVER - Swan Falls Dam, Snake River, Kuna, Ada County, ID

208

Swan Lake Dam: a study in cost saving  

SciTech Connect

The construction of the dam for the Swan Lake hydroelectric project in Alaska is discussed. The hydro project was built for an estimated $4.3 million less than conventional hydro dams of this scope. The project highlights are given.

Not Available

1985-04-01

209

DETAIL VIEW OF TOP OF DAM GATE STRUCTURE. UPSTREAM LOCK ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

DETAIL VIEW OF TOP OF DAM GATE STRUCTURE. UPSTREAM LOCK GATE AT RIGHT REAR. LOOKING WEST. - Illinois Waterway, La Grange Lock and Dam, 3/4 mile south of Country 795N at Illinois River, Versailles, Brown County, IL

210

10. Downstream face of Mormon Flat Dam under construction. Cement ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. Downstream face of Mormon Flat Dam under construction. Cement storage shed is at center right. Photographer unknown, September 1924. Source: Salt River Project. - Mormon Flat Dam, On Salt River, Eastern Maricopa County, east of Phoenix, Phoenix, Maricopa County, AZ

211

7. CLOSEUP VIEW OF WASHED UP 12' x 12' DAM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. CLOSE-UP VIEW OF WASHED UP 12' x 12' DAM SUPPORT TIMBERS, THREE BEARS LAKE, LOOKING NORTHEAST FROM SOUTH SIDE OF LAKE - Three Bears Lake & Dams, North of Marias Pass, East Glacier Park, Glacier County, MT

212

76. PALMDALE WATER COMPANY, LITTLEROCK DAM, EASTWOOD MULTIPLEARCHED TYPE: DOWNSTREAM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

76. PALMDALE WATER COMPANY, LITTLEROCK DAM, EASTWOOD MULTIPLE-ARCHED TYPE: DOWNSTREAM ELEVATION, SHEET 3; OCTOBER 2, 1919. Littlerock Water District files. - Little Rock Creek Dam, Little Rock Creek, Littlerock, Los Angeles County, CA

213

78. PALMDALE WATER COMPANY, LITTLEROCK DAM, EASTWOOD MULTIPLEARCHED TYPE: DIMENSIONS, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

78. PALMDALE WATER COMPANY, LITTLEROCK DAM, EASTWOOD MULTIPLE-ARCHED TYPE: DIMENSIONS, SECTION THROUGH ARCH RING, SHEET 5; OCTOBER 2, 1919. Littlerock Water District files. - Little Rock Creek Dam, Little Rock Creek, Littlerock, Los Angeles County, CA

214

64. LITTLE ROCK AND PALMDALE IRRIGATION DISTRICT, LITTLE ROCK DAM: ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

64. LITTLE ROCK AND PALMDALE IRRIGATION DISTRICT, LITTLE ROCK DAM: PLAN VIEW, SHEET 2; APRIL, 1918. Palmdale Water District files. - Little Rock Creek Dam, Little Rock Creek, Littlerock, Los Angeles County, CA

215

81. PALMDALE WATER COMPANY, LITTLE ROCK DAM: REINFORCEMENT, SECTION THROUGH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

81. PALMDALE WATER COMPANY, LITTLE ROCK DAM: REINFORCEMENT, SECTION THROUGH ARCH RING, AMENDED SHEET 6; SEPTEMBER, 1922. Palmdale Water District files. - Little Rock Creek Dam, Little Rock Creek, Littlerock, Los Angeles County, CA

216

73. PALMDALE WATER COMPANY, EASTWOOD MULTIPLEARCHED DAM: REINFORCEMENT SHEET, SHEET ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

73. PALMDALE WATER COMPANY, EASTWOOD MULTIPLE-ARCHED DAM: REINFORCEMENT SHEET, SHEET 4; DECEMBER 30, 1918. Littlerock Water District files. - Little Rock Creek Dam, Little Rock Creek, Littlerock, Los Angeles County, CA

217

74. PALMDALE WATER COMPANY, LITTLEROCK DAM, EASTWOOD MULTIPLEARCHED TYPE: PLAN, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

74. PALMDALE WATER COMPANY, LITTLEROCK DAM, EASTWOOD MULTIPLE-ARCHED TYPE: PLAN, SHEET 1, OCTOBER 2, 1919. Littlerock Water District files. - Little Rock Creek Dam, Little Rock Creek, Littlerock, Los Angeles County, CA

218

70. PALMDALE WATER COMPANY, EASTWOOD MULTIPLEARCHED DAM: GENERAL PLAN, SHEET ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

70. PALMDALE WATER COMPANY, EASTWOOD MULTIPLE-ARCHED DAM: GENERAL PLAN, SHEET 1; DECEMBER 20, 1918. Littlerock Water District files. - Little Rock Creek Dam, Little Rock Creek, Littlerock, Los Angeles County, CA

219

66. LITTLE ROCK AND PALMDALE IRRIGATION DISTRICT, LITTLE ROCK DAM: ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

66. LITTLE ROCK AND PALMDALE IRRIGATION DISTRICT, LITTLE ROCK DAM: DIMENSION SHEET, SECTION THROUGH CROWN, SHEET 6, APRIL, 1918. Littlerock Water District files. - Little Rock Creek Dam, Little Rock Creek, Littlerock, Los Angeles County, CA

220

67. LITTLE ROCK AND PALMDALE IRRIGATION DISTRICT, LITTLE ROCK DAM: ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

67. LITTLE ROCK AND PALMDALE IRRIGATION DISTRICT, LITTLE ROCK DAM: OUTLET GATES, CROWN SECTION, UPSTREAM ELEVATION AND DOWNSTREAM ELEVATION SHEET, SHEET 7; APRIL, 1918. Littlerock Water District files. - Little Rock Creek Dam, Little Rock Creek, Littlerock, Los Angeles County, CA

221

77. PALMDALE WATER COMPANY, LITTLEROCK DAM, EASTWOOD MULTIPLEARCHED TYPE: CROSS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

77. PALMDALE WATER COMPANY, LITTLEROCK DAM, EASTWOOD MULTIPLE-ARCHED TYPE: CROSS SECTIONS, SHEET 4; OCTOBER 2, 1919. Littlerock Water District files. - Little Rock Creek Dam, Little Rock Creek, Littlerock, Los Angeles County, CA

222

80. LITTLE ROCK DAM: DIMENSIONS, SECTION THROUGH ARCH RING, AMENDED ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

80. LITTLE ROCK DAM: DIMENSIONS, SECTION THROUGH ARCH RING, AMENDED SHEET 5; SEPTEMBER, 1922. Palmdale Water District files. - Little Rock Creek Dam, Little Rock Creek, Littlerock, Los Angeles County, CA

223

69. LITTLE ROCK AND PALMDALE IRRIGATION DISTRICT, LITTLE ROCK DAM: ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

69. LITTLE ROCK AND PALMDALE IRRIGATION DISTRICT, LITTLE ROCK DAM: REINFORCEMENT SHEET, SHEET 5; MAY, 1918. Littlerock Water District files. - Little Rock Creek Dam, Little Rock Creek, Littlerock, Los Angeles County, CA

224

72. PALMDALE WATER COMPANY, EASTWOOD MULTIPLEARCHED DAM: ELEVATIONS, SHEET 2; ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

72. PALMDALE WATER COMPANY, EASTWOOD MULTIPLE-ARCHED DAM: ELEVATIONS, SHEET 2; DECEMBER 30, 1918. Littlerock Water District files. - Little Rock Creek Dam, Little Rock Creek, Littlerock, Los Angeles County, CA

225

79. PALMDALE WATER COMPANY, LITTLEROCK DAM, EASTWOOD MULTIPLEARCHED TYPE: REINFORCEMENT, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

79. PALMDALE WATER COMPANY, LITTLEROCK DAM, EASTWOOD MULTIPLE-ARCHED TYPE: REINFORCEMENT, SHEET 6; OCTOBER 2, 1919. Littlerock Water District files. - Little Rock Creek Dam, Little Rock Creek, Littlerock, Los Angeles County, CA

226

PALMDALE WATER COMPANY, LITTLE ROCK DAM: REINFORCEMENT, SECTION THROUGH ARCH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

PALMDALE WATER COMPANY, LITTLE ROCK DAM: REINFORCEMENT, SECTION THROUGH ARCH RING, AMENDED SHEET 6; SEPTEMBER, 1922. Palmdale Water District files - Little Rock Creek Dam, Little Rock Creek, Littlerock, Los Angeles County, CA

227

75. PALMDALE WATER COMPANY, LITTLEROCK DAM, EASTWOOD MULTIPLEARCHED TYPE: UPSTREAM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

75. PALMDALE WATER COMPANY, LITTLEROCK DAM, EASTWOOD MULTIPLE-ARCHED TYPE: UPSTREAM ELEVATION, SHEET 2; OCTOBER 2, 1919. Littlerock Water District files. - Little Rock Creek Dam, Little Rock Creek, Littlerock, Los Angeles County, CA

228

65. LITTLE ROCK AND PALMDALE IRRIGATION DISTRICT, LITTLE ROCK DAM: ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

65. LITTLE ROCK AND PALMDALE IRRIGATION DISTRICT, LITTLE ROCK DAM: UPSTREAM ELEVATION, SHEET 3; APRIL, 1918. Littlerock Water District files. - Little Rock Creek Dam, Little Rock Creek, Littlerock, Los Angeles County, CA

229

34. DOWNSTREAM VIEW OF COOLIDGE DAM COMPLETED. POWER HOUSE, INTAKE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

34. DOWNSTREAM VIEW OF COOLIDGE DAM COMPLETED. POWER HOUSE, INTAKE TOWERS, WEST SPILLWAY CHANNEL AND DECORATIVE EAGLES ALL CLEARLY VISIBLE, c. 1928 - Coolidge Dam, Gila River, Peridot, Gila County, AZ

230

29. VIEW NORTHWEST ON SHELTON SIDE OF DAM DURING DEWATERING. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

29. VIEW NORTHWEST ON SHELTON SIDE OF DAM DURING DEWATERING. SHELTON GATEHOUSE IN LEFT CENTER. - Ousatonic Water Power Company, Dam & Canals, CT Routes 34 & 108, 1 mile North of Derby-Shelton Bridge, Derby, New Haven County, CT

231

44. Reinforcement construction to Pleasant Dam. Photographer unknown, 1935. Source: ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

44. Reinforcement construction to Pleasant Dam. Photographer unknown, 1935. Source: Huber Collection, University of California, Berkeley, Water Resources Library. - Waddell Dam, On Agua Fria River, 35 miles northwest of Phoenix, Phoenix, Maricopa County, AZ

232

15. AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH OF DAM SITE SHOWING SPILLWAY OGEE SECTION ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH OF DAM SITE SHOWING SPILLWAY OGEE SECTION AND SPILLWAY APRON EXCAVATION IN FOREGROUND.... Volume XVIII, No. 10, January 18, 1940. - Prado Dam, Spillway, Santa Ana River near junction of State Highways 71 & 91, Corona, Riverside County, CA

233

4. AERIAL VIEW OF DAM SITE SHOWING OUTLET WORKS AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. AERIAL VIEW OF DAM SITE SHOWING OUTLET WORKS AND DIVERSION CHANNEL IN FOREGROUND.... Volume XVIII, No. 9, March 5, 1940. - Prado Dam, Santa Ana River near junction of State Highways 71 & 91, Corona, Riverside County, CA

234

6. GENERAL CONSTRUCTION VIEW ALONG AXIS OF DAM FROM THE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. GENERAL CONSTRUCTION VIEW ALONG AXIS OF DAM FROM THE EAST ABUTMENT.... Volume XVII, No. 18, December 18, 1939. - Prado Dam, Embankment, Santa Ana River near junction of State Highways 71 & 91, Corona, Riverside County, CA

235

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Big dams and salmon evolution: changes in thermal  

E-print Network

salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). We estimated that dams on the Rogue River, the Willamette River (Oncorhynchus spp.) across portions of their natural range, dams have arguably played a major role in many

Angilletta, Michael

236

12. VIEW SHOWING CCC CREWS FREEING FLOOD GATES AT DAM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. VIEW SHOWING CCC CREWS FREEING FLOOD GATES AT DAM 326 OF ICE TO PREVENT DAMAGE TO STRUCTURE - J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 326, Along Lower Souris River, Kramer, Bottineau County, ND

237

9. VIEW OF DOWNSTREAM SIDE OF SPILLWAY AT DAM 320, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. VIEW OF DOWNSTREAM SIDE OF SPILLWAY AT DAM 320, SHOWING ORIGINAL FIELDSTONE WEIR WALL BENEATH CONCRETE BUTTRESSING, LOOKING SOUTHEAST - J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 320, Along Lower Souris River, Kramer, Bottineau County, ND

238

7. VIEW OF DAM 320, LOOKING NORTHEAST ALONG THE CREST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. VIEW OF DAM 320, LOOKING NORTHEAST ALONG THE CREST OF THE SPILLWAY FROM THE SOUTHWEST END - J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 320, Along Lower Souris River, Kramer, Bottineau County, ND

239

5. VIEW OF DAM 341, SHOWING THE UPSTREAM SIDE OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. VIEW OF DAM 341, SHOWING THE UPSTREAM SIDE OF OUTLET WORKS FROM THE WEST SIDE, LOOKING NORTHEAST - J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 341, Along Lower Souris River, Kramer, Bottineau County, ND

240

7. VIEW OF WEST END OF THE SPILLWAY, DAM 357, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. VIEW OF WEST END OF THE SPILLWAY, DAM 357, SHOWING ORIGINAL FIELD-STONE WEIR WALL AND CONCRETE BUTTRESSING, LOOKING SOUTHWEST - J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 357, Along Lower Souris River, Kramer, Bottineau County, ND

241

1. VIEW SHOWING DOWNSTREAM FACE OF DAM 320, LOOKING SOUTHWEST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. VIEW SHOWING DOWNSTREAM FACE OF DAM 320, LOOKING SOUTHWEST FROM JUST SOUTHWEST OF OUTLET WORKS - J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 320, Along Lower Souris River, Kramer, Bottineau County, ND

242

1. VIEW OF DAM 332, LOOKING TO THE SOUTHWEST ALONG ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. VIEW OF DAM 332, LOOKING TO THE SOUTHWEST ALONG THE CREST FROM THE RIGHT ABUTMENT, SHOWING CONCRETE MONUMENT SURVIVING FROM CCC CAMP DING - J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 332, Along Lower Souris River, Kramer, Bottineau County, ND

243

4. VIEW OF DAM 341, SHOWING DOWNSTREAM SIDE OF OUTLET ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. VIEW OF DAM 341, SHOWING DOWNSTREAM SIDE OF OUTLET WORKS FROM THE WEST SIDE, LOOKING EAST - J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 341, Along Lower Souris River, Kramer, Bottineau County, ND

244

6. DETAIL VIEW OF OUTLET WORKS AT DAM 332, SHOWING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. DETAIL VIEW OF OUTLET WORKS AT DAM 332, SHOWING CONNECTION OF RADIAL GATE TO PIER, LOOKING NORTHEAST - J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 332, Along Lower Souris River, Kramer, Bottineau County, ND

245

10. VIEW OF SOUTHWEST END OF THE DAM 320 FROM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. VIEW OF SOUTHWEST END OF THE DAM 320 FROM THE UPSTREAM SIDE, SHOWING LOCATION OF THE STOPLOG STRUCTURE, LOOKING NORTH - J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 320, Along Lower Souris River, Kramer, Bottineau County, ND

246

12. VIEW SHOWING THE CLOSING OF THE GATES OF DAM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. VIEW SHOWING THE CLOSING OF THE GATES OF DAM 341 ON APRIL 15, 1936, THE DAY THEY BEGAN FLOODING THE MARSHES - J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 341, Along Lower Souris River, Kramer, Bottineau County, ND

247

10. DETAIL VIEW OF SPILLWAY AT DAM 326, SHOWING ORIGINAL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. DETAIL VIEW OF SPILLWAY AT DAM 326, SHOWING ORIGINAL FIELD-STONE WEIR WALL BENEATH CONCRETE BUTTRESSING, LOOKING SOUTHEAST - J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 326, Along Lower Souris River, Kramer, Bottineau County, ND

248

"United States Reclamation Service, Grand River Dam, plan & sections ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

"United States Reclamation Service, Grand River Dam, plan & sections of power-house." No date specified - Grand Valley Diversion Dam, Half a mile north of intersection of I-70 & Colorado State Route 65, Cameo, Mesa County, CO

249

"United States Reclamation Service, Grand River Dam, pier "A" and ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

"United States Reclamation Service, Grand River Dam, pier "A" and east side regulator gate wall." No date specified - Grand Valley Diversion Dam, Half a mile north of intersection of I-70 & Colorado State Route 65, Cameo, Mesa County, CO

250

"United States Reclamation Service Grand River Dam side elevation & ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

"United States Reclamation Service Grand River Dam side elevation & sections gate houses - piers D & F." No date specified - Grand Valley Diversion Dam, Half a mile north of intersection of I-70 & Colorado State Route 65, Cameo, Mesa County, CO

251

3. Down river view of lock and dam to southwest ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Down river view of lock and dam to southwest - Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 1, In Mississippi River at Mississippi Boulevard, below Ford Parkway Bridge, Saint Paul, Ramsey County, MN

252

1. VIEW OF DAM 83, LOOKING SOUTHWEST FROM THE LOOKOUT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. VIEW OF DAM 83, LOOKING SOUTHWEST FROM THE LOOKOUT TOWER AT THE REFUGE HEADQUARTERS (see HAER No. ND-3-A-13 for comparison) - Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 83, Souris River Basin, Foxholm, Ward County, ND

253

9. VIEW OF SPILLWAY AT DAM 83, SHOWING LOCATION OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. VIEW OF SPILLWAY AT DAM 83, SHOWING LOCATION OF FORMER CONCRETE FLASHBOARD STRUCTURE ON RIGHT, LOOKING WEST - Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 83, Souris River Basin, Foxholm, Ward County, ND

254

10. DETAIL VIEW OF SPILLWAY AT DAM 83, SHOWING RIVER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. DETAIL VIEW OF SPILLWAY AT DAM 83, SHOWING RIVER COBBLE PAVING (FOREGROUND) AND WINGWALL, LOOKING EAST - Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 83, Souris River Basin, Foxholm, Ward County, ND

255

3. POOL, DAM, AND INTAKE TO PIPELINE LEADING TO FISH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. POOL, DAM, AND INTAKE TO PIPELINE LEADING TO FISH WHEEL, LOOKING WEST-NORTHWEST. - Santa Ana River Hydroelectric System, Bear Creek Diversion Dam & Confluence Pool, Redlands, San Bernardino County, CA

256

6. VIEW NORTHEAST, WEST END OF DAM DURING CONSTRUCTION OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. VIEW NORTHEAST, WEST END OF DAM DURING CONSTRUCTION OF FISHWAY, DECEMBER 1995, SHOWING REMOVAL OF PLANKING - Norwich Water Power Company, Dam, West bank of Shetucket River opposite Fourteenth Street, Greenville section, Norwich, New London County, CT

257

7. Detail view of reinforced concrete archrings comprising dam's upstream ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. Detail view of reinforced concrete arch-rings comprising dam's upstream face. Impressions of the wooden formwork used in construction are visible in the concrete. - Little Rock Creek Dam, Little Rock Creek, Littlerock, Los Angeles County, CA

258

View of powerhouse and dam from third floor of original ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of powerhouse and dam from third floor of original section of Langdale Cotton Mill, looking northeast - Langdale Cotton Mill, Powerhouse & Dam, 5910 Nineteenth Avenue, Valley, Chambers County, AL

259

20. HORSESHOE DAM LOOKING EAST WITH UPPER END DEMOLISHED FOR ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

20. HORSESHOE DAM LOOKING EAST WITH UPPER END DEMOLISHED FOR NEW SPILLWAY (negative reversed) - American Falls Water, Power & Light Company, Island Power Plant, Snake River, below American Falls Dam, American Falls, Power County, ID

260

7. ISLAND PLANT AND HORSESHOE DAM FROM WEST BANK (negative ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. ISLAND PLANT AND HORSESHOE DAM FROM WEST BANK (negative reversed) - American Falls Water, Power & Light Company, Island Power Plant, Snake River, below American Falls Dam, American Falls, Power County, ID

261

11. AVALON DAM GATE KEEPER'S COMPLEX: PUMPHOUSE AND LIFT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. AVALON DAM - GATE KEEPER'S COMPLEX: PUMPHOUSE AND LIFT FOR HOUSE WATER SUPPLY. VIEW TO EAST - Carlsbad Irrigation District, Avalon Dam, On Pecos River, 4 miles North of Carlsbad, Carlsbad, Eddy County, NM

262

2. EASTSIDE RESERVOIR UNDER CONSTRUCTION LOOKING WEST WITH EAST DAM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. EASTSIDE RESERVOIR UNDER CONSTRUCTION LOOKING WEST WITH EAST DAM IN MIDDLE GROUND, WEST DAM IN DISTANCE. - Eastside Reservoir, Diamond & Domenigoni Valleys, southwest of Hemet, Hemet, Riverside County, CA

263

77. Plan of Proposed Concrete of Rubble Masonry Dam at ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

77. Plan of Proposed Concrete of Rubble Masonry Dam at Frog Tanks on the Agua Fria River, Arizona. September 1903. - Waddell Dam, On Agua Fria River, 35 miles northwest of Phoenix, Phoenix, Maricopa County, AZ

264

4. Aerial view of Whitsett intake (lower right), Parker Dam ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. Aerial view of Whitsett intake (lower right), Parker Dam and village (left), Gene Wash Reservoir, Gene Pump Plant and village (right). - Parker Dam, Spanning Colorado River between AZ & CA, Parker, La Paz County, AZ

265

22. TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL HEADWORKS WITH MILNER DAM IN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

22. TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL HEADWORKS WITH MILNER DAM IN DISTANCE; LOOKING EAST. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

266

23. TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL HEADWORKS WITH MILNER DAM IN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL HEADWORKS WITH MILNER DAM IN DISTANCE; LOOKING NORTHEAST. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

267

68. LITTLE ROCK AND PALMDALE IRRIGATION DISTRICT, LITTLE ROCK DAM: ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

68. LITTLE ROCK AND PALMDALE IRRIGATION DISTRICT, LITTLE ROCK DAM: STRESS SHEET, SHEET 4; MAY, 1918. Littlerock Water District files. - Little Rock Creek Dam, Little Rock Creek, Littlerock, Los Angeles County, CA

268

71. PALMDALE WATER COMPANY, EASTWOOD MULTIPLEARCHED DAM: STRESS SHEET, SHEET ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

71. PALMDALE WATER COMPANY, EASTWOOD MULTIPLE-ARCHED DAM: STRESS SHEET, SHEET 3; DECEMBER 20, 1918. Littlerock Water District files. - Little Rock Creek Dam, Little Rock Creek, Littlerock, Los Angeles County, CA

269

"No. 172. General view of the dam, looking downstream from ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

"No. 172. General view of the dam, looking downstream from the east end. F.E.D. June, 1916." Compare this historic image, taken upon dam completion (1916), with current-condition photograph HAER CO-90-1. The dam retains a remarkable degree of integrity of design and setting - Grand Valley Diversion Dam, Half a mile north of intersection of I-70 & Colorado State Route 65, Cameo, Mesa County, CO

270

2. View of the southern twothirds of the dam showing ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. View of the southern two-thirds of the dam showing the Glens Falls Bridge over the Hudson River on the left, the Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation penstocks and inktake structure at the southeast corner of the dam, and the dam itself. The Finch Pruyn & Company Forebay is the foreground. Facing south. - Glens Falls Dam, 100' to 450' West of U.S. Route 9 Bridge Spanning Hudson River, Glens Falls, Warren County, NY

271

The Conceptual Basis for Ecological Responses to Dam Removal  

Microsoft Academic Search

the removal of nonfunctioning dams or dams that cause environmental harm or present unsafe conditions (Poff et al. 1997, Hart and Poff 2002). The basis for assessment of the eco-logical responses to dam removal and for the design of eco-logically effective removal practices is largely conceptual. Par-ticularly in the Pacific Northwest, the adverse effects that large dams have on endangered

STAN GREGORY; HIRAM LI; JUDY LI

2002-01-01

272

Liquefaction analysis and soil improvement in Beydag dam  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beydag dam is under construction on Kucukmenderes River for irrigation purposes. Due to the scarcity of core material and\\u000a liquefaction of alluvium at the dam site, the original design was changed to Roller Compacted Concete (RCC) from rockfill\\u000a dam with claycore. Although the new design was safer, it nearly doubled the cost of the dam, so the owner, State Hydraulic

Davut Y?lmaz; Fatih Babuçcu; Serhat Batmaz; Fatih Kavruk

2008-01-01

273

1. VIEW OF DOWNSTREAM SIDE OF DIVERSION DAM ON THE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. VIEW OF DOWNSTREAM SIDE OF DIVERSION DAM ON THE SNAKE RIVER, LOOKING NORTHEAST. NOTE HEADGATE STRUCTURE ON NORTH BANK, SPILLWAY ON LEFT SIDE OF DAM, AND SPLASH LOGS ON DOWNSTREAM SIDE OF DAM. - Snake River Ditch, Headgate on north bank of Snake River, Dillon, Summit County, CO

274

43 CFR 418.18 - Diversions at Derby Dam.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2011-10-01 true Diversions at Derby Dam. 418.18 Section 418.18 Public Lands...Management § 418.18 Diversions at Derby Dam. (a) Diversions of Truckee River water at Derby Dam must be managed to maintain minimum...

2012-10-01

275

43 CFR 418.18 - Diversions at Derby Dam.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Diversions at Derby Dam. 418.18 Section 418.18 Public Lands...Management § 418.18 Diversions at Derby Dam. (a) Diversions of Truckee River water at Derby Dam must be managed to maintain minimum...

2011-10-01

276

43 CFR 418.18 - Diversions at Derby Dam.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Diversions at Derby Dam. 418.18 Section 418.18 Public Lands...Management § 418.18 Diversions at Derby Dam. (a) Diversions of Truckee River water at Derby Dam must be managed to maintain minimum...

2013-10-01

277

25 CFR 173.16 - Reserved area, Coolidge Dam.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2011-04-01 true Reserved area, Coolidge Dam. 173.16 Section 173.16 Indians... § 173.16 Reserved area, Coolidge Dam. No permit for any commercial business...of a mile from the center of the Coolidge Dam,...

2012-04-01

278

INCORPORATING UNCERTAINTY INTO DAM SAFETY RISK Sanjay S. Chauhan1  

E-print Network

INCORPORATING UNCERTAINTY INTO DAM SAFETY RISK ASSESSMENT Sanjay S. Chauhan1 and David S. Bowles2 ABSTRACT Risk assessment is becoming more widely used to supplement traditional approaches to dam safety decision-making. Dam owners throughout Australia, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and the U.S. Bureau

Chauhan, Sanjay S.

279

25 CFR 173.16 - Reserved area, Coolidge Dam.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 false Reserved area, Coolidge Dam. 173.16 Section 173.16 Indians... § 173.16 Reserved area, Coolidge Dam. No permit for any commercial business...of a mile from the center of the Coolidge Dam,...

2014-04-01

280

25 CFR 173.16 - Reserved area, Coolidge Dam.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Reserved area, Coolidge Dam. 173.16 Section 173.16 Indians... § 173.16 Reserved area, Coolidge Dam. No permit for any commercial business...of a mile from the center of the Coolidge Dam,...

2013-04-01

281

Geologic Hazards Associated With a Proposed Dam on the Yarlung-  

E-print Network

Geologic Hazards Associated With a Proposed Dam on the Yarlung- Tsangpo River in SE Tibet Peter K-Gyala antiform. Active faults drawn in black. Approximate location of the dam and diversion tunnel proposed of data relevant to dam siting. Figure 8. Fission-track data from detrital zircons obtained from sands

Kidd, William S. F.

282

25 CFR 173.16 - Reserved area, Coolidge Dam.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Reserved area, Coolidge Dam. 173.16 Section 173.16 Indians... § 173.16 Reserved area, Coolidge Dam. No permit for any commercial business...of a mile from the center of the Coolidge Dam,...

2011-04-01

283

Wavelet-Based Multiresolution Analysis of Wivenhoe Dam Water Temperatures  

E-print Network

Wavelet-Based Multiresolution Analysis of Wivenhoe Dam Water Temperatures Don Percival Applied monitoring program recently upgraded with perma- nent installation of vertical profilers at Lake Wivenhoe dam in a subtropical dam as a function of time and depth · will concentrate on a 600+ day segment of temperature fluc

Percival, Don

284

Dam-Breach Flood Wave Propagation Using Dimensionless Parameters  

E-print Network

Dam-Breach Flood Wave Propagation Using Dimensionless Parameters Victor M. Ponce, M.ASCE1 ; Ahmad to study the sensitivity of dam-breach flood waves to breach-outflow hydrograph volume, peak discharge the channel. A dam-breach Froude number is defined to enable analysis through a wide range of site and flow

Ponce, V. Miguel

285

Financial Analysis of Experimental Releases Conducted at Glen Canyon Dam  

E-print Network

Financial Analysis of Experimental Releases Conducted at Glen Canyon Dam during Water Years 2006 Canyon Dam during Water Years 2006 through 2010 ANL/DIS-11-4 by L.A. Poch,1 T.D. Veselka,1 C.S. Palmer,2 Canyon Dam (GCD) conducted for the U.S. Department of Energy's Western Area Power Administration (Western

Kemner, Ken

286

9. Analysis a. Analysis tools for dam removal  

E-print Network

9. Analysis a. Analysis tools for dam removal v. Hydrodynamic, sediment transport and physical are frequently the main concerns associated with a dam removal due to the possible effects on infrastructure reservoir sediment when removing a dam are river erosion, mechanical removal, and stabilization (ASCE 1997

Tullos, Desiree

287

THREE GORGES DAM Matthew Morioka, Alireza Abrishamkar, Yve Kay  

E-print Network

THREE GORGES DAM Matthew Morioka, Alireza Abrishamkar, Yve Kay CEE 491 #12;Specifications.3 Billion · Total Cost (2008) ¥ 148.4 Billion = $ 21.8 Billion #12;Source of Funds · Three Gorges Dam Construction Fund · Profits from the Gezhouba Dam · Policy Loans from the Chinese Development Bank · Loans from

Prevedouros, Panos D.

288

43 CFR 418.18 - Diversions at Derby Dam.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Diversions at Derby Dam. 418.18 Section 418.18 Public Lands...Management § 418.18 Diversions at Derby Dam. (a) Diversions of Truckee River water at Derby Dam must be managed to maintain minimum...

2014-10-01

289

20. VIEW FROM DOWNSTREAM SIDE OF DAM SHOWING BUTTS OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

20. VIEW FROM DOWNSTREAM SIDE OF DAM SHOWING BUTTS OF LOGS PROJECTING BETWEEN CROSS LOGS. FREQUENTLY WHOLE TREES WERE USED IN CONSTRUCTING THESE DAMS. THE BRANCHES WERE PLACED UPSTREAM AND COVERED WITH EARTH AND STONE TO ANCHOR THEM. Photographed November 6, 1935. - Forge Creek Dam-John Cable Mill, Townsend, Blount County, TN

290

dam logic: qualitative reasoning about benthic macroinvertebrate responses  

E-print Network

dam logic: qualitative reasoning about benthic macroinvertebrate responses to dam removal desiree tullos oregon state university #12;my damned logic performance evaluation that moves beyond case studied in ecological responses to dam removal" (Heinz 2002) #12;what is QR? Qualitative Reasoning (QR) - logic

Tullos, Desiree

291

SEISMIC RESPONSE OF DAM WITH SOIL-STRUCTURE INTERACTION.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

An analytical solution to the response of a long trapezoidal-section dam on a foundation consisting of an elastic half-space and subjected to simulated earthquake motion is developed. An optimum seismic design is achieved when the cross section of the dam is triangular. The effect of soil structure interaction is to lower the strain occurring in the dam.

Bycroft, G.N.; Mork, P.N.

1987-01-01

292

PVC waterproofing membranes and alkali-aggregated reaction in dams  

SciTech Connect

A waterproofing polyvinylchloride (PVC) based geocomposite was installed on two dams subject to alkali-aggregate reaction, to eliminate water intrusion and to protect the facing from further deterioration. The installation system allows drainage of the infiltrated water, thus accomplishing dehydration of the dam body. On one dam, the membrane also provided protection for future slot cutting.

Scuero, A.M. [C.A.R.P.I. Technologies SA, Lugano (Czech Republic)

1995-12-31

293

LOCK, DOG HOUSE, CONTROL STATION, DAM GATE, MANEUVER BOAT No. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

LOCK, DOG HOUSE, CONTROL STATION, DAM GATE, MANEUVER BOAT No. 1, AND DAM. NOTE LOWER LOCK GATE IN FOREGROUND. LOOKING NORTH NORTHEAST. - Illinois Waterway, La Grange Lock and Dam, 3/4 mile south of Country 795N at Illinois River, Versailles, Brown County, IL

294

RIVER VIEW FROM EXTERIOR LOCK WALL SHOWING DAM GATE, MANEUVER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

RIVER VIEW FROM EXTERIOR LOCK WALL SHOWING DAM GATE, MANEUVER BOAT No. 1, AND DAM. LOOKING NORTH NORTHEAST. - Illinois Waterway, La Grange Lock and Dam, 3/4 mile south of Country 795N at Illinois River, Versailles, Brown County, IL

295

6. VIEW OF NORTH END OF EAST DAM, LOOKING SOUTH. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. VIEW OF NORTH END OF EAST DAM, LOOKING SOUTH. (View is taken from lakeside with lowered water level. This view encompasses the same area as MT-88-A-5 above.) - Three Bears Lake & Dams, East Dam, North of Marias Pass, East Glacier Park, Glacier County, MT

296

REVIEW PLAN John Redmond Dam Reservoir, Coffee County, Kansas  

E-print Network

#12;#12;REVIEW PLAN John Redmond Dam Reservoir, Coffee County, Kansas Reallocation Study Tulsa PLAN John Redmond Dam Reservoir, Coffee County, Kansas Reallocation Study Tulsa District TABLE review for the Final Reallocation Report to the John Redmond Dam and Reservoir, Coffee County, Kansas

US Army Corps of Engineers

297

3. View of the northern twothirds of the dam showing ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. View of the northern two-thirds of the dam showing the Finch, Pruyn & Company intake structure and forebay canal on the right and the ice-covered log chute along the dam. Facing south-southwest. - Glens Falls Dam, 100' to 450' West of U.S. Route 9 Bridge Spanning Hudson River, Glens Falls, Warren County, NY

298

2. VIEW OF DAM 341, LOOKING NORTHEAST ALONG THE CREST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. VIEW OF DAM 341, LOOKING NORTHEAST ALONG THE CREST FROM THE EAST END OF THE SPILLWAY TOWARD THE OUTLET WORKS, SHOWING THE UPSTREAM FACE OF THE DAM - J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 341, Along Lower Souris River, Kramer, Bottineau County, ND

299

60. AVALON DAM Photographic copy of historic photo, January ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

60. AVALON DAM - Photographic copy of historic photo, January 28, 1907 (original print filed in Record Group 115, National Archives, Washington, D.C.) W.J.Lubken, photographer 'REINFORCED CONCRETE DIAPHRAGM, LOOKING WEST FROM EAST SIDE OF AVALON DAM' - Carlsbad Irrigation District, Avalon Dam, On Pecos River, 4 miles North of Carlsbad, Carlsbad, Eddy County, NM

300

30. Otter Lake Dam. View shows rustic stone facade of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

30. Otter Lake Dam. View shows rustic stone facade of the dam. The stepped face of the dam gives the illusion of a natural cascade. Facing southeast. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

301

6. VIEW OF DAM 83, SHOWING OUTLET CHANNEL FLOWING INTO ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. VIEW OF DAM 83, SHOWING OUTLET CHANNEL FLOWING INTO POND A WITH DIVERSION GATES LONG EAST (LEFT) SIDE OF OUTLET CHANNEL, LOOKING SOUTH FROM DOWNSTREAM FACE OF THE DAM - Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 83, Souris River Basin, Foxholm, Ward County, ND

302

Effective dam removal and river channel restoration approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

Millions of dams have been built on the planet's rivers and streams to provide societal needs for freshwater supplies, irrigation, hydroelectric development, industrial activities and flood control. The structural and operational components of most dams include features that reflect technological advancements and changing societal priorities over time. Many dams were constructed and operated with no consideration for river ecology; some

C. Katopodis; L. P. Aadland

2006-01-01

303

Science and Policy for River Restoration by Dam Removal  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past decade, science and policy for dam removal have undergone dramatic changes. With the experience of the removal of several hundred dams in the United States, several generalizations have emerged. Regarding science for dam removal, it has become clear that general upstream and downstream responses to removal are broadly predictable using established geomorphologic principles. Specific predictions are possible

W. L. Graf

2008-01-01

304

Three gorges : the biggest dam in the world  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will understand the following:The enormous Three Gorges Dam is now being constructed in China on the upper Yangtze River.The dam will benefit many people, but it may also cause serious problems.Dams are built according to complex principles of engineering.

Jeffrey Leaf

2006-01-01

305

55. AVALON DAM (Photographic copy of photo in Reservoirs ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

55. AVALON DAM - (Photographic copy of photo in Reservoirs for Irrigation, Water-Power, and Domestic Water Supply. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1902.) 'CANAL HEADGATES, LAKE AVALON DAM' - Carlsbad Irrigation District, Avalon Dam, On Pecos River, 4 miles North of Carlsbad, Carlsbad, Eddy County, NM

306

52. AVALON DAM Photographic copy of historic photo, c1890 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

52. AVALON DAM - Photographic copy of historic photo, c1890 (original print located at the Carlsbad Irrigation District offices, Carlsbad, New Mexico) photographer unknown VIEW OF SCOURWAY THROUGH AVALON DAM DISCHARGING WATER - Carlsbad Irrigation District, Avalon Dam, On Pecos River, 4 miles North of Carlsbad, Carlsbad, Eddy County, NM

307

2. UPSTREAM SIDE OF DAM AND BRIDGE WITH ABANDONED SAN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. UPSTREAM SIDE OF DAM AND BRIDGE WITH ABANDONED SAN TAN FLOOD-WATER HEADGATE IN FOREGROUND. TAKEN FROM NORTH END OF DAM - San Carlos Irrigation Project, Sacaton Dam & Bridge, Gila River, T4S R6E S12/13, Coolidge, Pinal County, AZ

308

33 CFR 100.1102 - Marine Events on the Colorado River, between Davis Dam (Bullhead City, Arizona) and Headgate Dam...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Marine Events on the Colorado River, between Davis Dam (Bullhead City...1102 Marine Events on the Colorado River, between Davis Dam (Bullhead City...Lake Moovalya, Parker, Arizona between river miles 179 and 185 (between the...

2010-07-01

309

33 CFR 208.19 - Marshall Ford Dam and Reservoir (Mansfield Dam and Lake Travis), Colorado River, Tex.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Mansfield Dam and Lake Travis), Colorado River, Tex. 208.19 Section 208.19...Mansfield Dam and Lake Travis), Colorado River, Tex. The Secretary of the Interior, through his agent, the Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA) shall operate the...

2013-07-01

310

33 CFR 208.19 - Marshall Ford Dam and Reservoir (Mansfield Dam and Lake Travis), Colorado River, Tex.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Mansfield Dam and Lake Travis), Colorado River, Tex. 208.19 Section 208.19...Mansfield Dam and Lake Travis), Colorado River, Tex. The Secretary of the Interior, through his agent, the Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA) shall operate the...

2010-07-01

311

33 CFR 208.19 - Marshall Ford Dam and Reservoir (Mansfield Dam and Lake Travis), Colorado River, Tex.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Mansfield Dam and Lake Travis), Colorado River, Tex. 208.19 Section 208.19...Mansfield Dam and Lake Travis), Colorado River, Tex. The Secretary of the Interior, through his agent, the Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA) shall operate the...

2012-07-01

312

33 CFR 208.19 - Marshall Ford Dam and Reservoir (Mansfield Dam and Lake Travis), Colorado River, Tex.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Mansfield Dam and Lake Travis), Colorado River, Tex. 208.19 Section 208.19...Mansfield Dam and Lake Travis), Colorado River, Tex. The Secretary of the Interior, through his agent, the Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA) shall operate the...

2011-07-01

313

33 CFR 100.1102 - Marine Events on the Colorado River, between Davis Dam (Bullhead City, Arizona) and Headgate Dam...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Marine Events on the Colorado River, between Davis Dam (Bullhead City...1102 Marine Events on the Colorado River, between Davis Dam (Bullhead City...Lake Moovalya, Parker, Arizona between river miles 179 and 185 (between the...

2011-07-01

314

Upper and Middle Tiete River Basin dam-hydraulic system, travel time and temperature modeling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

SummaryTiete River System in the State of Sao Paolo, Brazil is characterized by complex hydraulics and operational problems due to series of dams and point and diffuse inflows along the river. A one dimension Lagrangian river model was developed and applied to the 313 km reach of the Upper and Middle Tiete River Basin from the Penha Dam to the head water of Bara Bonita Reservoir, a stretch of river that includes six small to medium size dams (3.4-22 m high) including the Pirapora Reservoir and 26 inflows into the river (11 tributaries, 9 diffuse source areas, and discharges of 4 cities stormwater and 2 wastewater treatment plants. The conservative tracer transport and temperature model that accounts for the short and long wave radiation and heat transfers at the free surface was included and solved using the Crank-Nicholson scheme. The time variable catchment input to the model was the simulated output of the external hydrological model called Runoff Load Model which results were provided by CETESB. The numerical treatment of series of dams and spillway (that included uncontrolled overflow spillway, gate-controlled ogee spillway; and underflow gates and tunnels) and parameterisation of hydraulic jumps are described. Special attention was focused on the high spatial and temporal variation of flows in Tiete River Basin, a result of the large variation in catchment inflows and channel geometry due to dams and reservoirs along the river. Predicted and measured spatial and seasonal variation of flow and temperature profiles along the river show good agreement. The simulated travel time of conservative tracer is compared against the CETESB's 1982 and 1984 field study data in a 254 km reach of the Middle Tiete River that again shows good agreement. Being Lagrangian in construction, this new model is computationally efficient making it an ideal tool for long term simulation for water resource planning, management and operation decision making in a large and complex river basin system.

Devkota, Bishnu; Imberger, Jörg

2012-12-01

315

Dams and Dam Failure - Module 2: St. Venant Equations, Modeling, and Case Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This second module in the two-part series expands on the science explaining catastrophic dam failure and flood-wave prediction methods associated with these events. Through the use of rich illustrations and interactions, this module introduces the St. Venant equations for dynamic wave flow, and flood wave characteristics. It also explains the general dam failure modeling process along with advantages and limitations of dam failure models including model stability, accuracy, and sensitivity issues. Finally, it also provides an overview of the Teton River dam failure, one of the most famous hydrologic events in U.S. history. The two modules that comprise this series are designed to be taken consecutively and together provide a fundamental understanding of this complex hydrologic topic.

COMET

2008-08-25

316

Facilitating fish passage at ultra low head dams: An alternative to dam removal  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Ecosystem sustainability and returning the biological integrity to rivers continue to change the landscape of fish passage technology. Installing a conventional fishways has a limited degree of success in accommodating fish passage needs. Recently, the option of total dam removal has been gaining momentum among resource managers, conservationists, and even engineers. Certain dams, however, cannot be removed, and conventional fishways are either too expensive to build or the real estate is simply not available; yet freedom of passage must be attained. At the Little Falls Dam on the Potomac River a notch in the crest of the dam was installed to accommodate passage of fish. The notch has three labyrinth weirs used for energy dissipation. Water velocities are maintained at less than about 4 m/s anywhere within the passage structure during migratory season of the target species (American shad). Construction of this novel design was recently completed (March 2000) and future biological evaluations are ongoing. Copyright ASCE 2004.

Odeh, M.

2004-01-01

317

The evolution of gravel bed channels after dam removal: Case study of the Anaconda and Union City Dam removals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Anaconda and Union City Dams on the Naugatuck River in Connecticut were removed in February and October 1999. A detailed study of the sites prior to removal was undertaken including sediment testing and predictions of upstream channel formation post-dam removal. The 3.35-m-high timber crib\\/rock fill spillway of the Anaconda Dam partially breached during a storm prior to the dam's

Laura A. S. Wildman; James G. MacBroom

2005-01-01

318

Renwick Dam RCC stepped spillway research  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The Small Watershed Program administered through the USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service (formerly the Soil Conservation Service) has provided technical and financial assistance for the construction of nearly 11,000 embankment dams across the U.S. The construction peak in the Small Watershe...

319

White Oak Dam stability analysis. Volume I  

SciTech Connect

A parametric study was conducted to evaluate the stability of the White Oak Dam (WOD) embankment and foundation. Slope stability analyses were performed for the upper and lower bound soil properties at three sections of the dam using the PCSTABL4 computer program. Minimum safety factors were calculated for the applicable seismic and static loading conditions. Liquefaction potential of the dam embankment and foundation solid during the seismic event was assessed by using simplified procedures. The WOD is classified as a low hazard facility and the Evaluation Basis Earthquake (EBE) is defined as an earthquake with a magnitude of m{sub b} = 5.6 and a Peak Ground Accelerator (PGA) of 0.13 g. This event is approximately equivalent to a Modified Mercalli Intensity of VI-VIII. The EBE is used to perform the seismic evaluation for slope stability and liquefaction potential. Results of the stability analyses and the liquefaction assessment lead to the conclusion that the White Oak Dam is safe and stable for the static and the seismic events defined in this study. Ogden Environmental, at the request of MMES, has checked and verified the calculations for the critical loading conditions and performed a peer review of this report. Ogden has determined that the WOD is stable under the defined static and seismic loading conditions and the embankment materials are in general not susceptible to liquefaction.

Ahmed, S.B.

1994-01-01

320

Solar central receiver integration with Hoover Dam  

Microsoft Academic Search

The technical and economic feasibility of integrating a 100 MWe solar central receiver powerplant located in Yuma, Arizona with the Hoover Dam hydroelectric power system is discussed. Technical feasibility was determined by evaluating the effects of integration on the hydrologic and power operations of the existing hydro system. Economic feasibility was determined by comparing the costs of the integrated system

H. E. Remmers; R. L. Zelenka; J. H. Kitchen

1980-01-01

321

Percy Quin Dam LiDAR Scan  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

A 3-D terrestrial LiDAR scan of the Percy Quin Mississippi State Park Dam in McComb, Mississippi, taken Monday, September 3, 2012. The U.S. Geological Survey is using this new technology in select areas of Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama to map impacts by Hurricane Isaac....

322

Dam water quality study. Report to Congress  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the report is to identify water quality effects attributable to the impoundment of water by dams as required by Section 524 of the Water Quality Act of 1987. The document presents a study of water quality effects associated with impoundments in the U.S.A.

Not Available

1989-05-01

323

Dams and Salmon: A Northwest Choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes an experiential exercise in which participants assume the roles of various stakeholder groups in the controversy surrounding possible dam removal to revive northwestern U. S. salmon populations. The role-play (a) increases environmental awareness in the context of the competing interests various stakeholders have in our global commons, (b) helps students understand the conflict between striving for a

Michael Tucker; Cheryl L. Tromley

2005-01-01

324

Radar proves its worth in dam rehabilitation  

SciTech Connect

This article outlines the use of radar techniques to survey the masonry structure of White Marble Dam. The survey used a subsurface interface radar, and this equipment displayed a cross-sectional profile of the entire structure, revealing the size and location of any faults. By avoiding the draining and dredging of the upstream pool, it is estimated that this technique saved three months.

NONE

1996-08-01

325

Optimizing the Dammed: water supply losses and fish habitat gains from dam removal in California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dams provide water supply, flood protection, and hydropower generation benefits, but have also harmed native species by altering the natural flow regime and degrading aquatic and riparian habitat. Restoring some river reaches to free-flowing conditions may restore substantial environmental benefits, but at some economic cost. This study uses a systems analysis approach to evaluate removing rim dams in California's Central Valley to highlight dams that could be removed as well as existing dams that are most beneficial for providing water supply and hydropower benefits. CALVIN, an economic-engineering optimization model was used to evaluate water storage and scarcity from removing dams. A warm and dry climate model (GFDL CM2.1 A2 emissions scenario) for a 30 year period centered at 2085, and double population scenario for year 2050 water demands represent future conditions. Tradeoffs between water scarcity to urban, agricultural, and instream flow requirements were compared with additional river miles accessible to anadromous species following dam removal. Results show that existing infrastructure is most beneficial if operated as a system (ignoring many current political and institutional constraints). Removing all rim dams is not beneficial for California, but a subset of existing dams are potentially promising candidates for removal from an optimized water supply and free-flowing river perspective. Incorporating environmental considerations into decision-making may lead to better solutions than focusing only on human benefits such as water supply, flood protection, hydropower generation, and recreation. Similarly, improving environmental flows can come at substantially lower economic cost, when viewed and operated as a system.Ratio of Surface Storage to Mean Annual Flow by Watershed

Null, S. E.; Medellin-Azuara, J.; Lund, J. R.

2012-12-01

326

Experimental research on the dam-break mechanisms of the Jiadanwan landslide dam triggered by the Wenchuan earthquake in China.  

PubMed

Dam breaks of landslide dams are always accompanied by large numbers of casualties, a large loss of property, and negative influences on the downstream ecology and environment. This study uses the Jiadanwan landslide dam, created by the Wenchuan earthquake, as a case study example. Several laboratory experiments are carried out to analyse the dam-break mechanism of the landslide dam. The different factors that impact the dam-break process include upstream flow, the boulder effect, dam size, and channel discharge. The development of the discharge channel and the failure of the landslide dam are monitored by digital video and still cameras. Experimental results show that the upstream inflow and the dam size are the main factors that impact the dam-break process. An excavated discharge channel, especially a trapezoidal discharge channel, has a positive effect on reducing peak flow. The depth of the discharge channel also has a significant impact on the dam-break process. The experimental results are significant for landslide dam management and flood disaster prevention and mitigation. PMID:23844387

Xu, Fu-gang; Yang, Xing-guo; Zhou, Jia-wen; Hao, Ming-hui

2013-01-01

327

Socioeconomic and Institutional Dimensions of Dam Removals: The Wisconsin Experience  

PubMed

/ There are tens of thousands of small dams in the United States; many of these aging structures are deteriorating. Governments and dam owners face decisions regarding repair or removal of these structures. Along with the many benefits society derives from dams and their impoundments, numerous recent ecological studies are revealing the extensive alteration and degradation of river ecosystems by dams. Dam removal-a principal restoration strategy-is an infrequent event. The major reasons for removal have been public safety and the high costs associated with repair; the goal of river ecosystem restoration now warrants greater attention. Substantial study is being given to the environmental aspects of dams and dam removals, but very little attention has been given to the socioeconomic and institutional dimensions associated with the removal of dams, although these factors play a significant role in the removal decision-making process. Based on a case study of dam removals in Wisconsin-where more than 30 of the state's 3600 small dams have been removed in the past few decades-legal, financial, and socioeconomic issues associated with dam removal are documented and assessed. Dam removal has been complex and contentious, with limited community-based support for removal and loss of the impounded waters. In cases examined here, the estimated costs of repairing a dam averaged more than three times the cost of removal. The availability of governmental financing has been a key determinant in removal decisions. Watershed-scale ecological considerations are not major factors for most local interests. As watershed management and restoration increasingly include dam removal options as part of an integrated strategy, more attention will need to be focused on socioeconomic factors and stakeholder perspectives-variables that strongly influence the viability of this management alternative.KEY WORDS: Dam removal; River restoration; Institutions; Stakeholders PMID:9516529

Born; Genskow; Filbert; Hernandez-Mora; Keefer; White

1998-05-01

328

Spectroscopy of MPS(3):DAMS(+) composite materials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Composite materials are comprised of two separate components that are brought together to form a new material that exhibits unique properties not found in the individual components. The composite material studied in this work is a guest dye cation, (4-[4-(dimethylamino)-alpha-styrl]-1-methylpyridinium) or DAMS+, intercalated into an inorganic host lattice (MPS 3, where M = Cd2+ or Mn2+). MPS3 :DAMS+ exhibits high-efficiency second-harmonic generation (SHG), which is only observed when a material lacks a center of symmetry. There must be an organization of dye molecules upon intercalation to induce the noncentrosymmetry necessary for SHG. The formation of dye aggregates will be studied as a possible noncentrosymmetric arrangement. The intercalated materials (MPS3:DAMS+) exhibited spectral features of J-aggregates. These features included a sharp aggregate absorption and emission band, known as the J-band. There was a small Stokes shift (250 cm-1) between aggregate absorption and emission bands, and a red-shift between the J-band and isolated dye absorption band (3,700 cm-1). The low-energy tail of the emission J-band was theoretically modeled using the Urbach-Martienssen equation, while the high-energy states were fit to a Gaussian to determine aggregate disorder. Disorder was also modeled using a Monte-Carlo lineshape analysis program. From these theoretical models, the aggregate was found to be two-dimensional and weakly coupled. A variety of sample types were studied including intercalated powders and single crystals using absorbance, reflectance and emission spectroscopy. Reflectance spectra were directly compared with absorbance spectra using the Kramers-Kronig Transformation2 to determine that the surface aggregates and the interior aggregates were structurally similar. A new imaging microspectrophotometer was developed to investigate the topology of the composite materials. Kinetics of the intercalation front were studied and a layer-by-layer intercalation mechanism was developed. Surface studies using other materials indicated the polyanion nature of MPS3 :DAMS+ was essential for aggregation. Infrared microspectroscopy was used to determine the orientation of dye molecules on the surface of the large composite crystals. The DAMS+ in MPS 3:DAMS+ was shown to form two-dimensional brickwork aggregates with the molecules aligned "edge-on" on the surface and interior of the host lattice.

Holt, Jennifer Suzanne

329

Dynamic decision making for dam-break emergency management - Part 2: Application to Tangjiashan landslide dam failure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tangjiashan landslide dam, which was triggered by the Ms = 8.0 Wenchuan earthquake in 2008 in China, threatened 1.2 million people downstream of the dam. All people in Beichuan Town 3.5 km downstream of the dam and 197 thousand people in Mianyang City 85 km downstream of the dam were evacuated 10 days before the breaching of the dam. Making such an important decision under uncertainty was difficult. This paper applied a dynamic decision-making framework for dam-break emergency management (DYDEM) to help rational decision in the emergency management of the Tangjiashan landslide dam. Three stages are identified with different levels of hydrological, geological and social-economic information along the timeline of the landslide dam failure event. The probability of dam failure is taken as a time series. The dam breaching parameters are predicted with a set of empirical models in stage 1 when no soil property information is known, and a physical model in stages 2 and 3 when knowledge of soil properties has been obtained. The flood routing downstream of the dam in these three stages is analyzed to evaluate the population at risk (PAR). The flood consequences, including evacuation costs, flood damage and monetized loss of life, are evaluated as functions of warning time using a human risk analysis model based on Bayesian networks. Finally, dynamic decision analysis is conducted to find the optimal time to evacuate the population at risk with minimum total loss in each of these three stages.

Peng, M.; Zhang, L. M.

2013-02-01

330

Nile River, Lake Nasser, Aswan Dam, Egypt  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Egypt's High Aswan Dam on the Nile River at the first cataracts, Nile River, (24.0N, 33.0E) was completed in 1971 to provide cheap hydroelectric power and to regulate the historically uneven flow of the Nile River. The contrast between the largely base rock desert east of the Nile versus the sand covered desert west of the river and the ancient irrigated floodplain downstream from the damsite is clearly shown.

1991-01-01

331

Solar central receiver integration with Hoover Dam  

SciTech Connect

The technical and economic feasibility of integrating a 100 MWe solar central receiver powerplant located in Yuma, Arizona with the Hoover Dam hydroelectric power system is discussed. Technical feasibility was determined by evaluating the effects of integration on the hydrologic and power operations of the existing hydro system. Economic feasibility was determined by comparing the costs of the integrated system with that of the most likely alternative source of power generation--an oil-fired,combined-cycle plant.

Remmers, H.E. (Water and Power Resources Service, Denver, CO); Zelenka, R.L.; Kitchen, J.H.

1980-01-01

332

Hydrodynamic pressure on arch dam and gravity dam including absorption effect of reservoir sediments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on the scaled boundary finite element method (SBFEM), a procedure is developed for evaluation of hydrodynamic pressure acting on arch/gravity dam face. The effect of water compressibility and the absorption of reservoir bottom and sides are taken into consideration. Various factors that affect the earthquake induced hydrodynamic pressure are examined. Emphasis is placed on the influence of reservoir geometry on the magnitude and distribution of hydrodynamic pressure on arch/gravity dam face. Numerical examples demonstrate that SBFEM is a powerful numerical method dealing with hydrodynamic problems. It is computationally quite economical. The effects of water compressibility, reservoir boundary absorption as well as reservoir geometry can be considered with relative ease. Results also show that reservoir geometry affects the amplitude and distribution of hydrodynamic pressure acting on arch/gravity dam face considerably.

Lin, Gao; Wang, Yi; Hu, Zhiqiang

2010-06-01

333

Long-Term Stability of Pyroclastic Dams Around Mount Pinatubo  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many temporary lakes have been formed around Mount Pinatubo by the blockage of channels by lahar or pyroclastic-flow deposits. Many such pyroclastic dams have been observed to repeatedly form and breach, often resulting in catastrophic lahars. A few, however, have survived for many years. We consider four conceivable mechanisms for the failure of pyroclastic dams: (1) erosion of the dam by flows along the lahar channel; (2) gravitational collapse and/or piping; (3) lake overtopping; and (4) secondary hydroeruptions. Upper reaches of lahar channels, within about 15 km from the crater, are prone to rapid changes in channel configuration. Up to tens of meters of vertical and lateral erosion by lahars in these near-source areas have been observed to occur in hours. Pyroclastic dams formed in these areas are therefore likely to be removed or undermined by flows along the blocking lahar channel. Infinite-slope stability analysis indicates that pyroclastic dams are generally stable against gravitational slope collapse, owing largely to their long (typically few kilometers), gentle (<5%) downstream faces. The gentle slope and unconfined groundwater denote exit gradients for subsurface water far less than the critical hydraulic gradient of the dam material, thus rendering piping failure unlikely. Boundary shear stress considerations, supported by field observations, show high streambed mobility of channels on pumiceous deposits, mainly due to the dominantly sand-sized composition and low density of the deposits. Similarly composed pyroclastic dams are prone to rapid breach erosion by overtopping flows. However, material lost to erosion along the breach-channel may be compensated for by sediments delivered onto the dam by lahars and/or local runoff. This is easily achieved where the dam is in an aggrading environment, as in an active lahar fan. Once sediment supply to the dam is cut off, e.g., due to the depletion of source sediments, by revegetation, or by stream beheading, the dam is predicted to fail by breach erosion. It can thus be expected that, barring engineering intervention, all pyroclastic dams around Mount Pinatubo will eventually fail, as suggested by their absence before the 1991 eruptions. Secondary hydroeruptions and secondary pyroclastic flows/avalanches have been known to accompany the breaching of pyroclastic dams, where the dams are partially or wholly formed by hot pyroclastic flows. These phreatic phenomena may trigger dam-breaching, or they may occur once breach erosion has reached the hot sections of the dam deposits. If they do occur, they invariably accelerate breaching. The above analyses, though, show that they are not required for pyroclastic dams to fail.

Tuñgol, N. M.; Tuñgol, N. M.; McKean, J. A.

2001-12-01

334

Dams and Rivers: A Primer on the Downstream Effects of Dams  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey is charged with monitoring the water and mineral resources of the United States. Beginning in 1889, the Survey established a network of water gaging stations across most of the country's rivers; some also measured sediment content of the water. Consequently, we now have valuable long-term data with which to track water supply, sediment transport, and the occurrence of floods. Many variables affect the flow of water from mountain brook to river delta. Some are short-term perturbations like summer thunderstorms. Others occur over a longer period of time, like the El Ninos that might be separated by a decade or more. We think of these variables as natural occurrences, but humans have exerted some of the most important changes -- water withdrawals for agriculture, inter-basin transfers, and especially the construction of an extensive system of dams. Dams have altered the flow of many of the Nation's rivers to meet societal needs. We expect floods to be contained. Irrigation is possible where deserts once existed. And water is released downstream not according to natural cycles but as dictated by a region's hour-by-hour needs for water or electricity. As a result, river channels below dams have changed dramatically. Depending on annual flow, flood peaks, and a river's sediment load, we might see changes such as sand building up in one channel, vegetation crowding into another, and extensive bank erosion in another. This Circular explores the emerging scientific arena of change in rivers below dams. This science tries first to understand and then anticipate changes to river beds and banks, and to riparian habitats and animal communities. To some degree, these downstream changes can be influenced by specific strategies of dam management. Scientists and resource managers have a duty to assemble this information and present it without bias to the rest of society. Society can then more intelligently choose a balance between the benefits and adverse downstream effects of dams.

Collier, Michael; Webb, Robert H.; Schmidt, John C.

1996-01-01

335

Shock wave propagation of circular dam break problems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We examine the behavior of shock wave propagation of circular (radial) dam break problems. A dam break problem represents a reservoir having two sides of water at rest initially with different depth separated by a wall, then water flows after the wall is removed. The behavior of shock wave propagation is investigated with respect to water levels and with respect to the speeds of the shock waves. To the author's knowledge, such investigation for circular dam break problems had never been done before. Therefore, this new work shall be important for applied computational mathematics and physics communities as well as fluid dynamic researchers. Based on our research results, the propagation speed of shock wave in a circular dam break is lower than that of shock wave in a planar dam break having the same initial water levels as in the circular dam break.

Mungkasi, Sudi

2014-10-01

336

Modeling the costs and benefits of dam construction from a multidisciplinary perspective  

E-print Network

Modeling the costs and benefits of dam construction from a multidisciplinary perspective Philip H: Dam construction Dam removal Program evaluation a b s t r a c t Although the benefits of dam for electricity, recent experience has shown that many dams have serious negative environmental, human

Tullos, Desiree

337

Dynamic model failure tests of dam structures Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China  

E-print Network

Dynamic model failure tests of dam structures Gao Lin Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China ABSTRACT: For the earthquake safety evaluation of dam structures, it is desirable to extend failure tests of a number of concrete gravity dams, concrete arch dams and embankment dams have been

Spencer Jr., B.F.

338

Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2011 General Motors 2 Variable Height Vehicle Air Dam  

E-print Network

Vehicle Air Dam Overview The fundamental issue with fixed air dams is the bottom edge of the dam needs to be high enough to meet defined vehicle ground clearance and front approach angle criteria. Air dams must a solution to this problem by designing an variable height vehicle air dam. Objectives Our mission

Demirel, Melik C.

339

Dam Removal Express Assessment Models (DREAM). Part 1: Model development and validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many dams have been removed in the recent decades in the U.S. for reasons including economics, safety, and ecological rehabilitation. More dams are under consideration for removal; some of them are medium to large-sized dams filled with millions of cubic meters of sediment. Reaching a decision to remove a dam and deciding as how the dam should be removed, however,

YANTAO CUI; Hydraulic Engineer; GARY PARKER; CHRISTIAN BRAUDRICK; WILLIAM E. DIETRICH; BRIAN CLUER

340

Hydrologic and Hydraulic Factors Affecting Passage of Paddlefish through Dams in the Upper Mississippi River  

Microsoft Academic Search

Populations of paddlefish Polyodon spathula have been adversely affected by dams that can block their movements. Unlike high-head dams that preclude fish passage (unless they are equipped with fishways), the dams on the upper Mississippi River are typically low-head dams with bottom release gates that may allow fish passage under certain conditions. We evaluated the relation of dam head and

Steven J. Zigler; Michael R. Dewey; Brent C. Knights; Ann L. Runstrom; Mark T. Steingraeber

2004-01-01

341

Examining the economic impacts of hydropower dams on property values using GIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the era of dam building is largely over in the United States, globally dams are still being proposed and constructed. The articles in this special issue consider many aspects and impacts of dams around the world. This paper examines dam removal and the measurement of the impacts of dams on local community property values. Valuable lessons may be found.

Curtis Bohlen; Lynne Y. Lewis

2008-01-01

342

Examining the economic impacts of hydropower dams on property values using GIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the era of dam building is largely over in the United States, globally dams are still being proposed and constructed. The articles in this special issue consider many aspects and impacts of dams around the world. This paper examines dam removal and the measurement of the impacts of dams on local community property values. Valuable lessons may be found.In

Curtis Bohlen; Lynne Y. Lewis

2009-01-01

343

1. CONTEXTUAL VIEW OF THE NORTH CHANNEL DAM FROM PUBLICLY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. CONTEXTUAL VIEW OF THE NORTH CHANNEL DAM FROM PUBLICLY RESTRICTED PROPERTY OF THE RECENTLY CLOSED LOUISIANA PACIFIC LUMBER MILL. THE NORTH CHANNEL DAM'S HOLDING RESERVOIR AND TAINTER GATES ARE IN THE FOREGROUND, AND THE ROLLING SECTOR GATE IS IN THE BACKGROUND, LOOKING EAST. - Washington Water Power Company Post Falls Power Plant, North Channel Dam, West of intersection of Spokane & Fourth Streets, Post Falls, Kootenai County, ID

344

Providing protection: Agencies receive funding to repair, upgrade dams  

E-print Network

Story by Kathy Wythe tx H2O | pg. 26 Providing protection Agencies receive funding to repair, upgrade dams along with local partners, can apply for grant funds, he said. Construction of the dams began through four federal authorizations... passed between 1944 and 1981. Land rights were acquired from landowners, and local agencies constructed the dams with federal money from NRCS (formerly the Soil Conservation Service). Local sponsors?including cities, counties, local soil and water...

Wythe, Kathy

2009-01-01

345

Reassembling Hetch Hetchy: Water Supply Without O'Shaughnessy Dam  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Hetch Hetchy System provides San Francisco with most of its water supply. O'Shaughnessy Dam is one component of this system, providing approximately 25 percent of water storage for the Hetch Hetchy System and none of its conveyance. Removing O'Shaughnessy Dam has gained interest for restoring Hetch Hetchy Valley. The water supply feasibility of removing O'Shaughnessy Dam is analyzed by

Sarah E. Null; Jay R. Lund

2006-01-01

346

Stability of landslide dams and development of knickpoints  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Wenchuan earthquake triggered many landslides and numerous avalanches and created 100 odd quake lakes. The quake lakes\\u000a may be removed or preserved. The removal strategy was applied to several large landslide dams, which were dangerous because\\u000a massive amounts of water pooled up in the quake lakes. The dams could eventually fail under the action of dam outburst flooding,\\u000a potentially

Zhaoyin Wang; Peng Cui; Guo-an Yu; Kang Zhang

347

Oblique view, looking west, of top side of diversion dam, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Oblique view, looking west, of top side of diversion dam, also showing eastern profiles of piers and gatehouses. Roller gate (raised position) on right. Note detail of extension shield that, when lowered to a secure position against the dam sill, creates a virtually impervious seal - Grand Valley Diversion Dam, Half a mile north of intersection of I-70 & Colorado State Route 65, Cameo, Mesa County, CO

348

2. FORMER INTAKE DAM NO. 2 AT 560" CONSTRUCTED OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. FORMER INTAKE DAM NO. 2 AT 560" CONSTRUCTED OF RUBBLE MASONRY IN 1937-1938. VIEW LOOKING DOWN LINE FORMER INTAKE GRILLE WAS TO LEFT SIDE OF DAM (TWO 8" IRON PIPES FROM NEW INTAKE NOW ENTER OLD INTAKE OPENING), BOX FLUME EXITS AT RIGHT AND CARRIES WATER TO AERATOR. NOTE THE SMALL SLUICEWAY OPENING AT CENTER ALONG WATERLINE. THIS DAM WAS SUPERCEDED BY THE NEW INTAKE DAM TO REACH THE MORE RELIABLE WATER SOURCE OF THE MAIN STREAM. - Kalaupapa Water Supply System, Waikolu Valley to Kalaupapa Settlement, Island of Molokai, Kalaupapa, Kalawao County, HI

349

Recent sediment studies refute Glen Canyon Dam hypothesis  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Recent studies of sedimentology hydrology, and geomorphology indicate that releases from Glen Canyon Dam are continuing to erode sandbars and beaches in the Colorado River in Grand Canyon National Park, despite attempts to restore these resources. The current strategy for dam operations is based on the hypothesis that sand supplied by tributaries of the Colorado River downstream from the dam will accumulate in the channel during normal dam operations and remain available for restoration floods. Recent work has shown that this hypothesis is false, and that tributary sand inputs are exported downstream rapidly typically within weeks or months under the current flow regime.

Rubin, David M.; Topping, David J.; Schmidt, John C.; Hazel, Joe; Kaplinski, Matt; Melis, Theodore S.

2002-01-01

350

Assessing Sediment-Related Effects of Dam Removals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Subcommittee on Sedimentation: Sediment Management and Dam Removal Workshop; Portland, Oregon, 14-16 October 2008; For a host of reasons including dam safety, maintenance costs, and ecological concerns, more dams are currently being removed each year in the United States than are being constructed. Because many reservoirs have accumulated sediments within their pools, dam removal can potentially impose a variety of sediment-related risks, including downstream effects on habitat, water quality, infrastructure, and flood storage. Sediment-related risks are particularly heightened when the sediment stored behind a dam is contaminated. Currently no standard procedure exists for assessing sediment-related risks associated with dam removal. As a result, there are wide-ranging levels of analysis used to predict and monitor sediment impacts after a dam is removed. To develop a decision framework for assessing sediment-related effects from dam removals, the U.S. Federal Subcommittee on Sedimentation (SOS) held a workshop in October on the campus of Portland State University, in Oregon, hosted by the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) Oregon Water Science Center. At the meeting, attendees crafted a decision framework that will help standardize data collection and analysis methods necessary for understanding sediment-related effects associated with dam removals.

Wallick, J. Rose; Randle, Timothy

2009-04-01

351

Safety of Italian dams in the face of flood hazard  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Most rivers in Italy are segmented by dams that need rehabilitation because of (1) safety requirements by increasingly risk-averse societies, (2) changes in the downstream river and riparian system after dams building, (3) poor initial design at the time of completion and (4) modified priorities of watershed management. Safe design of flood spillways is a major concern, and requires to cope with low frequency flood hazard. One must estimate flood figures with high return periods (R ? 1000-10,000 years) but statistical methods involve large uncertainties because of the short length of the available records. This paper investigates the return period of the design flood of existing spillways RS of large dams in Italy. We used re-normalized flood frequency approach and regionalization using the Generalized Extreme Value distribution. The estimation of the site specific index flood is carried out by simple scaling with basin area at the regional level. The result show that 55% (245) of the 448 examined dams are equipped by spillway with RS > 10,000; and 71% (315) of the dams have RS > 1000. Conversely, 29% (130) of the dams display RS < 1000 years, lower than acceptable hazard. The spillway of 14% (62) of the dams has RS < 100 years, indicating potential exceedance of spillways capacity. Reservoir routing may dampen the outflow hydrograph, but one should carefully account for the need of achieving accurate dam safety assessment of these dams based on site specific investigations, also accounting for global change forcing.

Bocchiola, Daniele; Rosso, Renzo

2014-09-01

352

5. EASTSIDE RESERVOIR, LOOKING WEST. WEST DAM UNDER CONSTRUCTION, QUARRIES ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. EASTSIDE RESERVOIR, LOOKING WEST. WEST DAM UNDER CONSTRUCTION, QUARRIES TO LEFT MIDDLE GROUND OF PICTURE. - Eastside Reservoir, Diamond & Domenigoni Valleys, southwest of Hemet, Hemet, Riverside County, CA

353

The evolution of gravel bed channels after dam removal: Case study of the Anaconda and Union City Dam removals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Anaconda and Union City Dams on the Naugatuck River in Connecticut were removed in February and October 1999. A detailed study of the sites prior to removal was undertaken including sediment testing and predictions of upstream channel formation post-dam removal. The 3.35-m-high timber crib/rock fill spillway of the Anaconda Dam partially breached during a storm prior to the dam's scheduled removal allowing a portion of the impounded sediment to move down through the river system. This event changed the removal plans and the remainder of the spillway was removed under an emergency order in the course of 4 days. The Union City Dam, a 2.44-m-high timber crib/rock fill dam capped with concrete and stone, was removed on schedule. A portion of the impounded sediment was removed by mechanical means during the deconstruction of the structure. The evolution of the two upstream channels post-project provided unique challenges and valuable insights as to what kind of channel transition can be expected in gravel bed river systems after a low head dam has been removed. This paper describes the initial engineering analysis and design, the subsequent removal of the two dams, and compares observations on the transition of the upstream channels following dam removal to the initial engineering predictions and other models. The relatively steep gravel bed channels evolved in a predictable manner, except where anthropogenic barriers (sanitary sewer, rock weir) interrupted.

Wildman, Laura A. S.; MacBroom, James G.

2005-10-01

354

Dam Design can Impede Adaptive Management of Environmental Flows: A Case Study from the Opuha Dam, New Zealand  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Opuha Dam was designed for water storage, hydropower, and to augment summer low flows. Following its commissioning in 1999, algal blooms (dominated first by Phormidium and later Didymosphenia geminata) downstream of the dam were attributed to the reduced frequency and magnitude of high-flow events. In this study, we used a 20-year monitoring dataset to quantify changes associated with the dam. We also studied the effectiveness of flushing flows to remove periphyton from the river bed. Following the completion of the dam, daily maximum flows downstream have exceeded 100 m3 s-1 only three times; two of these floods exceeded the pre-dam mean annual flood of 203 m3 s-1 (compared to 19 times >100 m3 s-1 and 6 times >203 m3 s-1 in the 8 years of record before the dam). Other changes downstream included increases in water temperature, bed armoring, frequency of algal blooms, and changes to the aquatic invertebrate community. Seven experimental flushing flows resulted in limited periphyton reductions. Flood wave attenuation, bed armoring, and a shortage of surface sand and gravel, likely limited the effectiveness of these moderate floods. Floods similar to pre-dam levels may be effective for control of periphyton downstream; however, flushing flows of that magnitude are not possible with the existing dam infrastructure. These results highlight the need for dams to be planned and built with the capacity to provide the natural range of flows for adaptive management, particularly high flows.

Lessard, JoAnna; Murray Hicks, D.; Snelder, Ton H.; Arscott, David B.; Larned, Scott T.; Booker, Doug; Suren, Alastair M.

2013-02-01

355

77 FR 14516 - Alabama Power Company, Martin Dam Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Proposed Revised Restricted...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Alabama] Alabama Power Company, Martin Dam Hydroelectric Project; Notice...for the Martin Dam Hydroelectric Project would be...Alabama SHPO; Alabama Power Company, the licensee...for the Martin Dam Hydroelectric Project to...

2012-03-12

356

Review of Studies of Fish Survival in Spill at The Dalles Dam  

E-print Network

Review of Studies of Fish Survival in Spill at The Dalles Dam Independent Scientific Advisory BoardThe Dalles Dam Contents Assignment ................................................................................................................................................. 17 Appendix 4. Estimated Total Project Survival at The Dalles Dam at the Two Spill Levels

357

33 CFR 165.T09-0405 - Safety Zone; Salvage Operations at Marseilles Dam; Illinois River.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Safety Zone; Salvage Operations at Marseilles Dam; Illinois River. 165.T09-0405 ...Safety Zone; Salvage Operations at Marseilles Dam; Illinois River. (a) Location. ...extending 600 yards upstream of the Marseilles Dam to Mile Marker 247.2. (b)...

2013-07-01

358

The distribution of dams in Costa Rica and their hydrologic impacts  

E-print Network

Dam construction has increased exponentially over the past century, primarily in temperate environments. While the impacts of dams in temperate regions have been well-documented, a parallel level of research on dam impacts has not been achieved...

Laurencio, Laura Richards

2006-04-12

359

Deer Creek Dam, Hydroelectric Powerplant, 868 feet/291 degrees from intersection ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Deer Creek Dam, Hydroelectric Powerplant, 868 feet/291 degrees from intersection of dam complex access road with U.S. Highway 189, 1,340 feet/352 degrees from the dam spillway overpass, Charleston, Wasatch County, UT

360

Gypsum-karst problems in constructing dams in the USA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gypsum is a highly soluble rock and is dissolved readily to form caves, sinkholes, disappearing streams, and other karst features that typically are also present in limestones and dolomites. Gypsum karst is widespread in the USA and has caused problems at several sites where dams were built, or where dam construction was considered. Gypsum karst is present (at least locally) in most areas where gypsum crops out, or is less than 30-60 m below the land surface. These karst features can compromise on the ability of a dam to hold water in a reservoir, and can even cause collapse of a dam. Gypsum karst in the abutments or foundation of a dam can allow water to pass through, around, or under a dam, and solution channels can enlarge quickly, once water starts flowing through such a karst system. The common procedure for controlling gypsum karst beneath the dam is a deep cut-off trench, backfilled with impermeable material, or a close-spaced grout curtain that hopefully will fill all cavities. In Oklahoma, the proposed Upper Mangum Dam was abandoned before construction, because of extensive gypsum karst in the abutments and impoundment area. Catastrophic failure of the Quail Creek Dike in southwest Utah in 1989 was due to flow of water through an undetected karstified gypsum unit beneath the earth-fill embankment. The dike was rebuilt, at a cost of US 12 million, with construction of a cut-off trench 600 m long and 25 m deep. Other dams in the USA with severe gypsum-karst leakage problems in recent years are Horsetooth and Carter Lake Dams, in Colorado, and Anchor Dam, in Wyoming.

Johnson, Kenneth S.

2008-01-01

361

Earthquake safety assessment of concrete arch and gravity dams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on research studies currently being carried out at Dalian University of Technology, some important aspects for the earthquake safety assessment of concrete dams are reviewed and discussed. First, the rate-dependent behavior of concrete subjected to earthquake loading is examined, emphasizing the properties of concrete under cyclic and biaxial loading conditions. Second, a modified four-parameter Hsieh-Ting-Chen viscoplastic consistency model is developed to simulate the rate-dependent behavior of concrete. The earthquake response of a 278m high arch dam is analyzed, and the results show that the strain-rate effects become noticeable in the inelastic range. Third, a more accurate non-smooth Newton algorithm for the solution of three-dimensional frictional contact problems is developed to study the joint opening effects of arch dams during strong earthquakes. Such effects on two nearly 300m high arch dams have been studied. It was found that the canyon shape has great influence on the magnitude and distribution of the joint opening along the dam axis. Fourth, the scaled boundary finite element method presented by Song and Wolf is employed to study the dam-reservoir-foundation interaction effects of concrete dams. Particular emphases were placed on the variation of foundation stiffness and the anisotropic behavior of the foundation material on the dynamic response of concrete dams. Finally, nonlinear modeling of concrete to study the damage evolution of concrete dams during strong earthquakes is discussed. An elastic-damage mechanics approach for damage prediction of concrete gravity dams is described as an example. These findings are helpful in understanding the dynamic behavior of concrete dams and promoting the improvement of seismic safety assessment methods.

Lin, Gao; Hu, Zhiqiang

2005-12-01

362

The Three Gorges Dam Affects Regional Precipitation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Issues regarding building large-scale dams as a solution to power generation and flood control problems have been widely discussed by both natural and social scientists from various disciplines, as well as the policy-makers and public. Since the Chinese government officially approved the Three Gorges Dam (TGD) projects, this largest hydroelectric project in the world has drawn a lot of debates ranging from its social and economic to climatic impacts. The TGD has been partially in use since June 2003. The impact of the TGD is examined through analysis of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) rainfall rate and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) land surface temperature and high-resolution simulation using the Pennsylvania State University-National Center for Atmospheric Research (PSU-NCAR) fifth-generation Mesoscale Model (MM5). The independent satellite data sets and numerical simulation clearly indicate that the land use change associated with the TGD construction has increased the precipitation in the region between Daba and Qinling mountains and reduced the precipitation in the vicinity of the TGD after the TGD water level abruptly rose from 66 to 135 m in June 2003. This study suggests that the climatic effect of the TGD is on the regional scale (approx.100 km) rather than on the local scale (approx.10 km) as projected in previous studies.

Wu, Liguang; Zhang, Qiang; Jiang, Zhihong

2006-01-01

363

MFR PAPER 1222 Effects of Dams on Pacific Salmon  

E-print Network

. Their numbers were few and their total effect was relatively minor. In the 1880's dams for hydroelectric power. In the 1930's major hydroelectric dams were built on the mainstem Columbia River (Fig. I), initiating the large-scale development of the water resources of the Columbia River Basin for electrical power

364

33 CFR 117.705 - Beaver Dam Creek.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Waters 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Beaver Dam Creek. 117.705 Section 117.705 Navigation and Navigable...REGULATIONS Specific Requirements New Jersey § 117.705 Beaver Dam Creek. The draw of the Ocean County bridge, mile...

2014-07-01

365

33 CFR 117.705 - Beaver Dam Creek.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Waters 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Beaver Dam Creek. 117.705 Section 117.705 Navigation and Navigable...REGULATIONS Specific Requirements New Jersey § 117.705 Beaver Dam Creek. The draw of the Ocean County bridge, mile...

2012-07-01

366

33 CFR 117.705 - Beaver Dam Creek.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Waters 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Beaver Dam Creek. 117.705 Section 117.705 Navigation and Navigable...REGULATIONS Specific Requirements New Jersey § 117.705 Beaver Dam Creek. The draw of the Ocean County bridge, mile...

2011-07-01

367

33 CFR 117.705 - Beaver Dam Creek.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Waters 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Beaver Dam Creek. 117.705 Section 117.705 Navigation and Navigable...REGULATIONS Specific Requirements New Jersey § 117.705 Beaver Dam Creek. The draw of the Ocean County bridge, mile...

2013-07-01

368

Geophysical methods for the assessment of earthen dams  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Dams and levees are an integral part of the fluvial system in watersheds. Their stability is of utmost concern to the Nation and to those directly impacted should failure occur. There are some 88,000 dams and 110,000 miles of levees in the USA. Many of those are earthen embankments and structures su...

369

89. AVALON DAM Photographic copy of construction drawing dated ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

89. AVALON DAM - Photographic copy of construction drawing dated February 15, 1912 (from Record Group 115, Box 17, Denver Branch of the National Archives, Denver) GUIDES, GIRDERS AND DUST GUARDS FOR 21 FT. DIA. GATES - Carlsbad Irrigation District, Avalon Dam, On Pecos River, 4 miles North of Carlsbad, Carlsbad, Eddy County, NM

370

San Acacia Reach San Acacia Dam to Escondida Bridge  

E-print Network

San Acacia Reach San Acacia Dam to Escondida Bridge Hydraulic Modeling Analysis 1918-2006 Middle, hydraulic modeling analyses have been performed on the San Acacia reach to determine the changes by Reclamation on the San Acacia reach. The 11.6 mile long reach extends from the San Acacia Diversion dam (River

Julien, Pierre Y.

371

DRAFT San Acacia Reach San Acacia Dam to Escondida Bridge  

E-print Network

DRAFT San Acacia Reach San Acacia Dam to Escondida Bridge Hydraulic Modeling Analysis 1918, hydraulic modeling analyses have been performed on the San Acacia reach to determine the changes by Reclamation on the San Acacia reach. The 11.6 mile long extends from the San Acacia Diversion dam (River Mile

Julien, Pierre Y.

372

2. Photocopied June 1978 'THE IRON DAM.' VIEW OF THE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Photocopied June 1978 'THE IRON DAM.' VIEW OF THE IRON DAM, THE OUTCROPPING OF THE ORE FOUND IN 1826 BY HENDERSON. FURNISHED WATER TO SAWMILL. SOURCE: BENSON LOSSING, THE HUDSON, FROM THE WILDERNESS TO THE SEA, TROY, NEW YORK, 1866, p. 25 - Adirondack Iron & Steel Company, New Furnace, Hudson River, Tahawus, Essex County, NY

373

63. Upstream face of Waddell Dam as viewed from the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

63. Upstream face of Waddell Dam as viewed from the west abutment. Crane at center is used to service the penstock intake. Photographer Mark Durben. Source: Salt River Project. - Waddell Dam, On Agua Fria River, 35 miles northwest of Phoenix, Phoenix, Maricopa County, AZ

374

Performance of the Bank Wings of Arch Dams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Field observations of the stress-strained state (SSS) of arch dams in Russia have led, regrettably, to the sad conclusion that our knowledge of the interaction between hydraulic engineering structures and the enclosing geological environment is far from sufficient. The actual stress in dams was reported to exceed the design stress by a factor of 2 or greater [1 – 3,

A. N. Marchuk

2002-01-01

375

WINDAM-ANALYSIS OF OVERTOPPED EARTH EMBANKMENT DAMS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Windows Dam Analysis Modules (WINDAM) is a modular software application which is being developed for the analysis of overtopped earth embankments. The development is being carried out in stages with the initial computational model addressing the routing of the flood through the reservoir with dam o...

376

23. The Salt River, downstream, from atop Mormon Flat Dam. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. The Salt River, downstream, from atop Mormon Flat Dam. HEFU generator deck is at center bottom. Photographer Mark Durben, 1988. Source: Salt River Project. - Mormon Flat Dam, On Salt River, Eastern Maricopa County, east of Phoenix, Phoenix, Maricopa County, AZ

377

21. Mormon Flat Dam and reservoir. HEFU penstock and unit ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

21. Mormon Flat Dam and reservoir. HEFU penstock and unit are at center. The original power house is located behind the HEFU penstock. Transformer equipment is located at center right. Photographer Mark Durben, 1988. Source: Salt River Project. - Mormon Flat Dam, On Salt River, Eastern Maricopa County, east of Phoenix, Phoenix, Maricopa County, AZ

378

52. THE DOWNSTREAM FACE OF ROOSEVELT DAM. THE ROOSEVELT POWER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

52. THE DOWNSTREAM FACE OF ROOSEVELT DAM. THE ROOSEVELT POWER HOUSE IS LOCATED AT THE CENTER OF THE PHOTO WITH THE TRANSFORMER HOUSE LOCATED AT THE RIGHT. THE NORTH SPILLWAY IS AT THE FAR LEFT AND SOUTH SPILLWAY AT THE FAR RIGHT Photographer: Mark Durben, 1984 - Roosevelt Power Canal & Diversion Dam, Parallels Salt River, Roosevelt, Gila County, AZ

379

9. Photographic copy of historic photograph showing lower dam without ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. Photographic copy of historic photograph showing lower dam without stone apron and water flowing over the overspill. Date and photographer unknown. (original in possession of United States Department of Agriculture-Forest Service-Allegheny National Forest) VIEW WEST - Loleta Recreation Area, Lower Dam, 6 miles Southeast of interesection of State Route 24041 & State Route 66, Loleta, Elk County, PA

380

16. AERIAL VIEW OF BIG DALTON DAM TAKEN ON 2161962 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. AERIAL VIEW OF BIG DALTON DAM TAKEN ON 2-16-1962 BY L.A. COUNTY PUBLIC WORKS PHOTOGRAPHER SINGER. PHOTO SHOWS THE RESERVOIR NEAR FULL CAPACITY AND WATER BEING RELEASED ON THE DOWNSTREAM SIDE. - Big Dalton Dam, 2600 Big Dalton Canyon Road, Glendora, Los Angeles County, CA

381

15. AERIAL VIEW OF BIG TUJUNGA DAM TAKEN ON FEBRUARY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. AERIAL VIEW OF BIG TUJUNGA DAM TAKEN ON FEBRUARY 17, 1962, BY L.A. COUNTY PUBLIC WORKS PHOTOGRAPHER WEBB. PHOTO SHOWS THE RESERVOIR NEAR FULL CAPACITY AND WATER BEING RELEASED ON THE DOWNSTREAM SIDE. - Big Tujunga Dam, 809 West Big Tujunga Road, Sunland, Los Angeles County, CA

382

30. VIEW SOUTHEAST ON SHELTON SIDE OF DAM DURING DEWATERING. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

30. VIEW SOUTHEAST ON SHELTON SIDE OF DAM DURING DEWATERING. CORNER OF SHELTON LOCKS AND MITRE GATES AT RIGHT. - Ousatonic Water Power Company, Dam & Canals, CT Routes 34 & 108, 1 mile North of Derby-Shelton Bridge, Derby, New Haven County, CT

383

28. VIEW NORTH TOWARD DERBY DURING DEWATERING. DAM IN CENTER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

28. VIEW NORTH TOWARD DERBY DURING DEWATERING. DAM IN CENTER OF PICTURE WITH SHELTON GATEHOUSE ON LEFT AND DERBY GATEHOUSE ON RIGHT. - Ousatonic Water Power Company, Dam & Canals, CT Routes 34 & 108, 1 mile North of Derby-Shelton Bridge, Derby, New Haven County, CT

384

5. General view of the Glens Falls Dam from the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. General view of the Glens Falls Dam from the vicinity of its southeast end. The log chute is in the background. Facing west-southwest. - Glens Falls Dam, 100' to 450' West of U.S. Route 9 Bridge Spanning Hudson River, Glens Falls, Warren County, NY

385

1. Wideangle view of the Glens Falls Dam with the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Wide-angle view of the Glens Falls Dam with the Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation intakes structure on the left and the Finch, Pruyn & Company intake structure and power canal on the right. Facing south to southwest. - Glens Falls Dam, 100' to 450' West of U.S. Route 9 Bridge Spanning Hudson River, Glens Falls, Warren County, NY

386

Development of next-generation embankment dam breach models  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The Dam Safety Interest Group (DSIG) of the Centre for Energy Advancement through Technological Innovation (CEATI International Inc.) is an international group of dam owners that pursues collaborative research on a wide range of topics. Since 2004 the DSIG has been working to facilitate the develop...

387

5. VIEW OF DOWNSTREAM SIDE OF OUTLET WORKS AT DAM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. VIEW OF DOWNSTREAM SIDE OF OUTLET WORKS AT DAM 332, SHOWING ALTERED TOPS OF PIERS AND NEW BRIDGE (FOR UNALTERED PIERS AND ORIGINAL BRIDGE see HAER Photograph No. ND-4-A-5, LOOKING EAST - J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 332, Along Lower Souris River, Kramer, Bottineau County, ND

388

5. DIABLO DAM: DETAIL VIEW OF RELIEF VALVES AT ELEVATION ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. DIABLO DAM: DETAIL VIEW OF RELIEF VALVES AT ELEVATION 1044. VALVE IN FOREGROUND IS A BUTTERFLY VALVE SIX FEET IN DIAMETER; VALVE TO THE REAR IS A JOHNSON-TYPE NEEDLE VALVE BOTH VALVES WERE MANUFACTURED BY THE PELTON WATER WHEEL COMPANY, 1989. - Skagit Power Development, Diablo Dam, On Skagit River, 6.9 miles upstream from Newhalem, Newhalem, Whatcom County, WA

389

12. Credit PED. View of tail race and dam showing ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. Credit PED. View of tail race and dam showing dumping of construction rubble into river bed by rail car; and preparations for pouring a concrete cap onto tail race wall. Photo c. 1909. - Dam No. 4 Hydroelectric Plant, Potomac River, Martinsburg, Berkeley County, WV

390

23. VIEW LOOKING UPSTREAM AND TOWARD LEFT ABUTMENT OF DAM. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. VIEW LOOKING UPSTREAM AND TOWARD LEFT ABUTMENT OF DAM. NOTE FORMS FOR LEFT GRAVITY ABUTMENT AT UPPER RIGHT CORNER OF PICTURE. ARCHES 3, 4, 5, AND 7 COMPLETED TO ELEVATION 1795. 5 OR 7.5 FEET BELOW TOP OF PARAPET WALL. November 29, 1938 - Bartlett Dam, Verde River, Phoenix, Maricopa County, AZ

391

62. AVALON DAM Photographic copy of historic photo, 1907 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

62. AVALON DAM - Photographic copy of historic photo, 1907 (original print located at the Carlsbad Irrigation District offices, Carlsbad, New Mexico) photographer unknown VIEW SHOWING CONCRETE DIAPHRAGM AND WORKERS - Carlsbad Irrigation District, Avalon Dam, On Pecos River, 4 miles North of Carlsbad, Carlsbad, Eddy County, NM

392

1. INTAKE DAM NO. 1 AT HEAD OF SYSTEM (600 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. INTAKE DAM NO. 1 AT HEAD OF SYSTEM (600 ALTITUDE). CONSTRUCTED WITH CONCRETE AND RUBBLE MASONRY IN 1948. INCLUDES INTAKE SCREEN AT LEFT AND SLUICE GATE AT RIGHT. TWO 8" CAST-IRON PIPES CARRY WATER FROM THE INTAKE TO THE OLD DAM (FORMER INTAKE) DOWN LINE. - Kalaupapa Water Supply System, Waikolu Valley to Kalaupapa Settlement, Island of Molokai, Kalaupapa, Kalawao County, HI

393

3. FORMER INTAKE DAM NO. 2, VIEW LOOKING UPSTREAM AT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. FORMER INTAKE DAM NO. 2, VIEW LOOKING UPSTREAM AT LEFT IS RUBBLE MASONRY COVERING INTERSECTION OF THE TWO IRON PIPES FROM NEW DAM ENTERING OLD INTAKE OPENING AT RIGHT IS BOX FLUME LEADING TO AERATOR. - Kalaupapa Water Supply System, Waikolu Valley to Kalaupapa Settlement, Island of Molokai, Kalaupapa, Kalawao County, HI

394

129. Julian Price Memorial Park. Price Lake Dam. A concrete ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

129. Julian Price Memorial Park. Price Lake Dam. A concrete slab bridge crosses the top of the dam impounding a forty-seven acre lake. Looking west. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

395

Colorado aqueduct system begins at impounded waters from Hoover Dam ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Colorado aqueduct system begins at impounded waters from Hoover Dam along with agreement made reserving use and ownership of several generators set to power pump houses downstream at Whitsett and beyond - Hoover Dam, Spanning Colorado River at Route 93, Boulder City, Clark County, NV

396

9. 'CRIB DAM IN LAKE FORK RIVER AT HEADING OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. 'CRIB DAM IN LAKE FORK RIVER AT HEADING OF LAKE FORK CANAL, UINTAH PROJECT. TWO SLUICEWAYS TWENTY FEET WIDE HAVE BEEN LEFT IN THE DAM TO PASS BOULDERS DURING HIGH WATER. THESE SLUICEWAYS ARE CLOSED BY LOGS AND HAY DURING LOW WATER.' Date unknown - Irrigation Canals in the Uinta Basin, Duchesne, Duchesne County, UT

397

5. LOOKING WEST ALONG THE AXIS OF THE DAM TOWARD ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. LOOKING WEST ALONG THE AXIS OF THE DAM TOWARD THE OUTLET STRUCTURE. HAND OPERATED MECHANICAL TAMPERS ARE COMPACTING THE FILL ALONG THE STEEL SHEET PILING CUTOFF WALL IN THE FOREGROUND. Volume XIX, No. 6, April 12, 1940. - Prado Dam, Santa Ana River near junction of State Highways 71 & 91, Corona, Riverside County, CA

398

5. GENERAL VIEW FROM EAST ABUTMENT ALONG AXIS OF DAM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. GENERAL VIEW FROM EAST ABUTMENT ALONG AXIS OF DAM SHOWING STEEL SHEET PILE CUTOFF WALL COMPLETED, AND EMBANKMENT MATERIAL BEING COMPACTED INTO POSITION. Volume XVI, No. 11, July 21, 1939. - Prado Dam, Embankment, Santa Ana River near junction of State Highways 71 & 91, Corona, Riverside County, CA

399

Sleeping Experts in Wireless Networks Johannes Dams1  

E-print Network

, Cornell University, United States kesselheim@cs.cornell.edu Abstract We consider capacity maximizationSleeping Experts in Wireless Networks Johannes Dams1 , Martin Hoefer2 , and Thomas Kesselheim3 1 Dept. of Computer Science, RWTH Aachen University, Germany dams@cs.rwth-aachen.de 2 Max

400

Dam safety legislation in the United States of America  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the register of International Commission on Large Dams, there are 1200 dams with a height of more than 30 m in the territory of the United States of America. Of them, 480, or 40% were constructed and are being operated by federal or national agencies such as the Army Corps of Engineers, Bureau of Reclamation, Tennessee Valley Authority, etc.

A. A. Danilevskii

1994-01-01

401

11. Photographic copy of original Lower Dam for Loleta Camp ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. Photographic copy of original Lower Dam for Loleta Camp Ground drawing by Paul Wakefield, 1933 (original in possession of United States Department of Agriculture-Forest Service-Allegheny National Forest). - Loleta Recreation Area, Lower Dam, 6 miles Southeast of interesection of State Route 24041 & State Route 66, Loleta, Elk County, PA

402

Flood Control Reservoirs Operable September 30, 2007 Characteristics of Dam  

E-print Network

River Basin Stream Community in Vicinity Cal. Year Placed in Useful OP Total Storage (Acre Operable September 30, 2007 A-2 Characteristics of Dam Name River Basin Stream Community in Vicinity Cal 30, 2007 A-3 Characteristics of Dam Name River Basin Stream Community in Vicinity Cal. Year Placed

US Army Corps of Engineers

403

7. VIEW OF DAM 83, SHOWING DIVERSION GATES TO SOURIS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. VIEW OF DAM 83, SHOWING DIVERSION GATES TO SOURIS RIVER CHANNEL (LEFT) AND POND A (RIGHT) FROM THE WEST SIDE OF THE OUTLET CHANNEL, LOOKING SOUTHEAST (for view of the original diversion gate, see historic photograph, HAER No. ND-3-A-15) - Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 83, Souris River Basin, Foxholm, Ward County, ND

404

Effectiveness Monitoring for Brownsville and Sodom Dam Removals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The substantial costs, public interest, and benefits associated with removing Brownsville and Sodom dams warrant the documentation of outcomes on the Calapooia River. Physical, chemical, and biological responses are all relevant to these two dam removals, and the proposed monitoring plan describes an efficient and informative series of monitoring activities to document the extent of these responses over time. Specifically,

Desiree Tullos

405

New flow depth relationships for embankment dam stepped spillway design  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

A common deficiency for embankment dams changing from a low hazard to a high hazard dam is inadequate spillway capacity. Roller compacted concrete (RCC) stepped spillways are a popular method to address this issue. Stepped spillway research has gained momentum in recent years due to the need for d...

406

54. AVALON DAM (Photographic copy of photo in Reservoirs ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

54. AVALON DAM - (Photographic copy of photo in Reservoirs for Irrigation, Water-Power, and Domestic Water Supply. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1902.) 'ROCK-FILL IN PROCESS OF CONSTRUCTION' - Carlsbad Irrigation District, Avalon Dam, On Pecos River, 4 miles North of Carlsbad, Carlsbad, Eddy County, NM

407

3. CREST OF THE SOUTH CHANNEL DAM, SHOWING BLOCK HOUSE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. CREST OF THE SOUTH CHANNEL DAM, SHOWING BLOCK HOUSE (NOT ORIGINAL) COVERING THE ELECTRICALLY POWERED GATE-LIFTING MECHANISM THAT REPLACED THE ORIGINAL HAND-OPERATED LIFTING DEVICE, LOOKING NORTH. - Washington Water Power Company Post Falls Power Plant, South Channel Dam, West of intersection of Spokane & Fourth Streets, Post Falls, Kootenai County, ID

408

86. LOCK AND DAM NUMBERS 1013, 1618, 2022. INCLUSIVEGASOLINE SERVICE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

86. LOCK AND DAM NUMBERS 10-13, 16-18, 20-22. INCLUSIVE-GASOLINE SERVICE PUMPS (ML-10-37/10/1-FS), December 1938. - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 10, Guttenberg, Clayton County, IA

409

Twin-roll casting with an electromagnetic edge dam  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twin-roll casting is an old process that was first proposed by Bessemer. Over the years one of the main problems preventing its development has been edge containment of the liquid metal pool between the rolls. Ceramic dams pressed up against the rolls have been used with some success. However, ceramic dams have the problems of requiring a super heat to

Howard Gerber; Kenneth Blazek; Yeou-Hsin Wang

2000-01-01

410

Seismic Analysis of Concrete Gravity Dams With Keyed Contraction Joints  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of the design of concrete gravity dams is based on a two dimensional analysis which is suitable for monoliths with smooth, unkeyed, contraction joints. However, when keyed contraction joints are used, it is expected that the dam monoliths will interact in a manner that may affect the overall response of the system. The objective of this study is to

Ahmed Mohamed El-Nady

1992-01-01

411

Optimization of concrete gravity dams foundation drainage systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerical three-dimensional nonlinear flow analysis is a very efficient instrument for the optimization of the subsurface drainage systems of concrete gravity dams. Post-mortem optimization analyses of the intake and powerhouse structures of Isamu Ikeda dam indicated that the drains' lengths, spacings and diameters used in design were very close to optimum. The analyses have also indicated that the uplift force

J. F. Da Silva

2006-01-01

412

Seismic analysis of concrete gravity dams with keyed contraction joints  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of the design of concrete gravity dams is based on a two dimensional analysis which is suitable for monoliths with smooth, unkeyed, contraction joints. However, when keyed contraction joints are used, it is expected that the dam monoliths will interact in a manner that may affect the overall response of the system. The objective of this study is to

Ahmed Mohamed El-Nady

1993-01-01

413

Analytical procedure for stress field solution in concrete gravity dams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analytical solutions are of great interest to designers of concrete dams. Even though it is possible to solve this problem with numerical methods, it is undeniable the contribution of a totally analytical interior stress solution of dams. The easiness of computational planning and interpretation of this procedure, besides the speed and quality of the results obtained when compared to numerical

Paulo Marcelo; Vieira Ribeiro; Lineu José Pedroso

414

Trapezoidal Gravity Dams Working in a State of Pure Compression  

Microsoft Academic Search

A gravity dam with a trapezoidal cross section is subjected to its own weight and hydrostatic pressure. The resulting elastic field, assumed to be plane strain, is studied by determining the minimum value of the angular opening of the dam above which the principal stresses are negative on the side under hydrostatic pressure and nonpositive on the other side. The

S. Bennati; A. M. Gennai; C. Padovani

1990-01-01

415

ImpactsofLarge Dams:agLobaL  

E-print Network

and that their overall societal benefits far outweight the costs. In contrast, the opponents claim that social: the emergence of quality-of- life concerns In-depth 31 Rethinking Singapore's social compact 34 New media and environmental costs of large dams far exceed their benefits, and that the era of construction of large dams

Chaudhuri, Sanjay

416

FLOOD WARNING SYSTEM BRISBANE RIVER ABOVE WIVENHOE DAM  

E-print Network

FLOOD WARNING SYSTEM for the BRISBANE RIVER ABOVE WIVENHOE DAM This brochure describes the flood above Wivenhoe Dam. It includes reference information which will be useful for understanding Flood Warnings and River Height Bulletins issued by the Bureau's Flood Warning Centre during periods of high

Greenslade, Diana

417

Check dam and polyacrylamide performance under simulated stormwater runoff.  

PubMed

High levels of turbidity and fine suspended sediments are often found in stormwater discharges from construction sites even when best management practices (BMPs) for sediment control are in place. This study evaluated turbidity reduction by three check dam types: 1) rock check dam representing a standard BMP, 2) excelsior wattle representing a fiber check dam (FCD), and 3) rock check dam wrapped with excelsior erosion control blanket (rock + excelsior ECB) representing an alternative FCD. Three check dams (all same type) were installed in a lined, 24-m ditch on a 5-7% slope and three consecutive simulated stormwater flows were run in the ditch. Additional tests were performed by adding granular polyacrylamide (PAM) on the check dams in the same manner using two sediment sources differing in clay content. Without PAM treatment, significantly higher effluent turbidity (>900 nephelometric turbidity units (NTU)) exited the ditch with rock check dams than with excelsior wattles or rock + excelsior ECBs (<440 NTU). The extent of sediment deposition between the check dam types was in the order of excelsior wattle > rock + excelsior ECB > rock check dam, indicating better water pooling behind the wattle. The PAM treatment reduced turbidity substantially (>75% relative to no PAM treatment) for all check dam types and it was very effective in excelsior wattles (<57 NTU) and rock + excelsior ECBs (<90 NTU) even during the third storm event. This study demonstrates that the passive treatment of runoff with PAM on FCDs (or rock + excelsior ECB) in construction site ditches can be very effective for sediment retention and turbidity reduction. PMID:24036092

Kang, Jihoon; McCaleb, Melanie M; McLaughlin, Richard A

2013-11-15

418

A Vulnerability Assessment Approach for Dams of Mississippi  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of a state-wide effort to characterize the vulnerability of Mississippi's dams, we are developing a new set of vulnerability assessment tools. Our vulnerability assessment methods will consider earlier attempts to develop risk indexing methods for dams, but will be designed to be applied to Mississippi's entire database of over 3,700 dams. Unlike earlier efforts to dams, which emphasized hazards posed by the dams, our methods will be designed to consider intrinsic and extrinsic vulnerability, and consider consequences as well. Intrinsic sources of vulnerability consider such factors as the potential for unstable slopes, piping, and spillway inadequacy. Extrinsic sources of vulnerability will include features such as the potential for intentional or unintentional human acts. Other factors that will be included will be the potential for neglect of maintenance of the dam and susceptibility to interference from wildlife. Consequences will be assessed by considering the downstream population and economic resources that may be at risk due to an uncontrolled release of the reservoir. The analysis of these vulnerabilities and consequences is being calculated using a GIS-based database of all of Mississippi's dams along with population distribution, terrain, and economic resources across the state. Conventional methods of analysis of a dam breach or other uncontrolled release will still be necessary, but the extent to which downstream features and population are affected can be more readily identified. This approach facilitates assessment and decision making on a large dam inventory to permit resources within the state to be directed efficiently to dams that merit attention.

Kuszmaul, J. S.; Gunter, B.; McGregor, G.; Holt, R. M.; Pickens, J.; Holtz, T.; Jones, T.; Phillips, P.

2007-12-01

419

River response to dam removal: the Souhegan River and the Merrimack Village Dam, Merrimack, New Hampshire  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Souhegan River is a tributary of the Merrimack River that drains a 443 km2 watershed in southern New Hampshire. The lowermost barrier on the Souhegan River was the ~4-m high Merrimack Village Dam (MVD, ~500 m upstream of the confluence with the Merrimack River), which was breached and removed starting on August 6, 2008. The MVD was built in 1906 at a location where various dams have existed since the 18th century. Based on a pre-removal sediment-thickness survey, the MVD impounded at least 62,000 m3 of sediment, mostly sand. We use a May 2008 ground penetrating radar survey of the impoundment to better constrain this sediment volume and stratigraphy. We also use historical maps and aerial photographs to estimate the possible extent of dam-influenced deposition at the site. We use 12 monumented cross sections, longitudinal profiles, repeat photography, and sediment samples to document the response of the Souhegan River to the removal of the MVD. Our study is part of the first full application of a recently published guide for stream barrier removal monitoring. Prior to dam removal, in August 2007 and June 2008, we surveyed the cross sections and longitudinal profile. We conducted re-surveys after removal in August and October 2008, and again in July and August 2009. Comparison between pre- and post-removal surveys shows that, in a 495-m reach upstream of the former location of the MVD, the Souhegan River eroded a net 38,100 m3 (47,900 metric tons) of sediment. This response began with rapid (hours to days) incision of a narrow channel, exhuming in some places bedrock and boulders that likely formed the pre-dam riverbed. Over the year since dam removal, the channel has widened by bank erosion but this process is limited by root strength and recruitment of large woody debris in the riparian zone of the former impoundment. Downstream of the former dam location, during the first days after removal, a sand deposit up to 1.0 to 3.5 m thick, or approximately 18,500 m3 (23,500 metric tons), prograded almost to the confluence with the Merrimack River. From August 2008 to August 2009, the Souhegan River removed a net 8,400 m3 (10,700 metric tons) of this sediment leaving 11,100 m3 (14,100 metric tons) from the initial post-removal pulse. Over this interval, the unaccounted 27,000 m3 (33,800 metric tons) of sediment eroded from the former impoundment left the study reach and discharged into the Merrimack River. The Souhegan River experienced massive change during our two year study and continues to evolve as a new channel forms and stabilizes upstream and downstream of the former dam site.

Pearson, A. J.; Snyder, N. P.; Collins, M. J.; Santaniello, D. J.

2009-12-01

420

McNary Dam Fishway Hydroelectric Project  

SciTech Connect

The McNary Dam Fishway Hydroelectric Project near the north shore of the Columbia River is presently under construction. The existing auxiliary water supply system will be diverted through a new 10 MWe hydraulic turbine generating unit prior to entering the fishway, and the existing fishway water supply diffusers will be modified to serve as a turbine bypass system. The existing fishway diffusers will be modified to reduce the water velocity entering the fishway. These modifications will enhance the upstream passage of migrating anadromous fish and will reduce the mortality of smolts passing downstream. Additionally, 70 GWh will be generated from the fishway attraction water. This paper discusses the design of the new powerhouse and turbine bypass system.

Matus, Z.R.; Israelsen, R.E.

1995-12-31

421

Responses of riparian reptile communities to damming and urbanization  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Various anthropogenic pressures, including habitat loss, threaten reptile populations worldwide. Riparian zones are critical habitat for many reptile species, but these habitats are also frequently modified by anthropogenic activities. Our study investigated the effects of two riparian habitat modifications-damming and urbanization-on overall and species-specific reptile occupancy patterns. We used time-constrained search techniques to compile encounter histories for 28 reptile species at 21 different sites along the Broad and Pacolet Rivers of South Carolina. Using a hierarchical Bayesian analysis, we modeled reptile occupancy responses to a site's distance upstream from dam, distance downstream from dam, and percent urban land use. The mean occupancy response by the reptile community indicated that reptile occupancy and species richness were maximized when sites were farther upstream from dams. Species-specific occupancy estimates showed a similar trend of lower occupancy immediately upstream from dams. Although the mean occupancy response of the reptile community was positively related to distance downstream from dams, the occupancy response to distance downstream varied among species. Percent urban land use had little effect on the occupancy response of the reptile community or individual species. Our results indicate that the conditions of impoundments and subsequent degradation of the riparian zones upstream from dams may not provide suitable habitat for a number of reptile species.

Hunt, Stephanie D.; Guzy, Jacquelyn C.; Price, Steven J.; Halstead, Brian J.; Eskew, Evan A.; Dorcas, Michael E.

2013-01-01

422

Documented historical landslide dams from around the world  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This data compilation consists of dBase IV1 data files of the location, date, triggering mechanism, kind, size, failure time and mechanism, breach dimensions, subsequent controls, materials, and references for 463 historical landslide dams and associated natural reservoirs that have been recorded throughout the World. The data base presented in this report is a compilation of information on the characteristics of 463 landslide dams from around the World. It forms a basis on which to assess potential threats from existing landslide dams, or newly-formed landslide dams. The data base includes only landslide dams that have formed in historical times - that is, those formed during times when humans were able to record their occurrence, and the information transferred through various means of written and/or oral documentation. There have been far more prehistoric landslide dams about which relatively little is known. None of these is included in this data base. The focus on historical landslide dams allows insights into this natural process that will aid in understanding their role as a significant geologic process in recent Earth history.

Costa, John E.; Schuster, Robert L.

1991-01-01

423

Verifying Pressure of Water on Dams, a Case Study  

PubMed Central

Sensing and monitoring deformation pattern of dams is often one of the most effective ways to understand their safety status. The main objective of the present study is to find the extent to which rising reservoir level affects the mechanism of deformation of the Yamula dam under certain changes in the reservoir level conditions during the first filling period. A new dynamic deformation analysis technique was developed to analyze four geodetic monitoring records consisting of vertical and horizontal displacements of nine object points established on the dam and six reference points surrounding it, to see whether the rising reservoir level is responsible for the vertical and horizontal deformations during the first filling period. The largest displacements were determined in the middle points of the dam construction. There is an apparent linear relationship between the dam subsidence and the reservoir level. The dynamic deformation model was developed to model this situation. The model infers a causative relationship between the reservoir level and the dam deformations. The analysis of the results determines the degree of the correlation between the change in the reservoir level and the observed structural deformation of the dam.

Bayrak, Temel

2008-01-01

424

First-year dam removal activities in the Elwha River - dam removal, sediment dispersal, and fish relocations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After years of anticipation, volumes of Environmental Impact Statements, unprecedented mitigation projects, and the multifaceted collection of pre-dam removal data, the deconstruction phase of the Elwha River restoration project officially began on September 17th, 2011. With their simultaneous decommissioning, the removal of the 64 m tall Glines Canyon Dam and 33 m tall Elwha Dam represents one of the largest such projects of its kind in North America. The nearly 19 million m3 of sediment residing in the dammed reservoirs is being eroded by the river in one of the largest controlled releases of sediment into a river and marine waters in recorded history. The release of sediment and the halting of deconstruction and reservoir draw down activities during "fish windows" are largely determining a deconstruction schedule expected to last about 2 years. High suspended sediment concentrations, modeled to exceed 10,000 mg/L during the highest flows and to exceed 500 mg/L for 39% of the time in year 4 of the project (15% is the recorded background level entering the upper reservoir), could last for up to 3-5 years following dam removal depending on hydrological conditions. Anadromous fish, including three federally listed species (Puget Sound Chinook salmon, steelhead, and bull trout), reside in the river downstream of the Elwha dam for part of their life cycle. All five species of Pacific salmon and steelhead, either locally extirpated (sockeye) or persisting below the impassable Elwha Dam in degraded spawning and rearing habitat, are expected to recolonize the watershed to degrees that will vary spatially and temporally due to life history characteristics and levels of human intervention. During the first year of dam removal, adult coho salmon and steelhead were relocated from areas of high turbidity downstream of the Elwha Dam site to two tributaries upstream, where some of them successfully spawned. Additionally, steelhead were observed to naturally migrate past the Elwha Dam site and into the tributaries containing the transplanted fish. When passage above the Glines Canyon Dam is restored in 2013, salmon will have access to over 65 river kilometers of mainstem spawning and rearing habitat, at least as much floodplain channel habitat, and numerous tributaries; most of this habitat occurs in the wilderness of Olympic National Park. This presentation will provide an update of dam removal progress, highlight some pre-dam removal studies and ongoing monitoring, and detail recent fish relocation efforts.

Duda, J. J.; McMillan, J. R.; Moses, R.; McHenry, M.; Pess, G. R.; Brenkman, S.; Peters, R.; Zimmerman, M.; Warrick, J. A.; Curran, C. A.; Magirl, C. S.; Beirne, M.; Rubin, S.

2012-12-01

425

"P8400564 Grand Valley Project view of GV Diversion Dam ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

"P8-400-564 Grand Valley Project - view of GV Diversion Dam on Col. River completed in 1915 by BOR to divert water to irrigate the Grand Valley Project. 7-18-58 by Stan Rasmussen." Note integration of the dam and canal headgate at center left, proximity of the river and railroad tracks at lower left, and gatekeeper's house on lower right - Grand Valley Diversion Dam, Half a mile north of intersection of I-70 & Colorado State Route 65, Cameo, Mesa County, CO

426

Seismic rehabilitation and analysis of Chaohe earth dam  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Stability of earth dams during earthquakes has been a major concern for geotechnical engineers in seismic active regions. Liquefaction induced slope failure occurred at the upstream slope of a major earth dam in the suburb of Beijing, China, during the 1976 Tangshan Earthquake. The gravelly soil with loose initial condition liquefied under relatively small ground vibration. In recent years, a major seismic rehabilitation project was carried out on a similar earth dam nearby using dumped quarry stone. Seismic stability analysis was carried out using model test, finite element simulation, and pseudo-static slope stability program after taking into account the influence of excess pore pressure.

Fu, Lei; Zeng, Xiangwu

2005-12-01

427

Risk Perception Analysis Related To Existing Dams In Italy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the first part of this work, the progress of Italian National Rules about dams design, construction and operation are presented to highlight the strong connection existing between the promulgation of new decrees, as a consequence of a dam accidents, and the necessity to prevent further loss of lives and goods downstream. Following the Gleno Dam failure (1923), a special Ministerial Committee wrote out the first Regulations and made the proposal to establish, within the High Council of Public Works, a special department that become soon the "Dam Service", with the tasks of control and supervision about construction and operation phases of the dams and their reservoirs. A different definition of tasks and the structure of Dam Service were provided in accordance with law n° 183/1989, which transferred all the technical services to the Office of the Prime Minister; the aim was to join the Dam Office with the Department for National Technical Services, with the objective of increasing the knowledge of the territory and promoting the study on flood propagation downstream in case of operations on bottom outlet or hypothetical dam-break. In fact, population living downstream is not ready to accept any amount of risk because has not a good knowledge of the efforts of experts involved in dam safety, both from the operators and from the safety Authority. So it's important to optimize all the activities usually performed in a dam safety program and improve the emergency planning as a response to people's primary needs and feeling about safety from Civil Protection Authority. In the second part of the work, a definition of risk is provided as the relationship existing between probability of occurrence and loss, setting out the range within to plan for prevention (risk mitigation), thanks to the qualitative assessment of the minimum safety level that is suited to assign funds to plan for Civil Protection (loss mitigation). The basic meaning of the reliability of a zoned earthfill dam is illustrated by defining the risk analysis during its construction and operation. A qualitative "Event Tree Analysis" makes clear with an example the probability of occurrence of the events triggered by an earthquake, and leads to a classification of the damage level. Finally, a System Dynamics (SD) approach is presented to investigate possibilities of a preventive planning in relationship to the risk, so that it's possible to establish shared procedures to achieve the correct management in any crisis phase. As a qualitative result of a SD application, figure 1 presents a flow-chart about a case study on the same dam so to illustrate the emergency planning in a step by step procedure according to the Regulations.

Solimene, Pellegrino

2013-04-01

428

River turbidity and sediment loads during dam removal  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Dam decommissioning has become an important means for removing unsafe or obsolete dams and for restoring natural fluvial processes, including discharge regimes, sediment transport, and ecosystem connectivity [Doyle et al., 2003]. The largest dam-removal project in history began in September 2011 on the Elwha River of Washington State (Figure 1a). The project, which aims to restore the river ecosystem and increase imperiled salmon populations that once thrived there, provides a unique opportunity to better understand the implications of large-scale river restoration.

Warrick, Jonathan A.; Duda, Jeffrey J.; Magirl, Christopher S.; Curran, Chris A.

2012-01-01

429

Changes in the flood regime of São Francisco River (Brazil) from 1940 to 2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

Flow regulation causes various environmental impacts in the downstream reaches of impounded rivers. The São Francisco River\\u000a (SF) basin is Brazil’s third most important watershed. Several dams have been built in its course in the last four decades,\\u000a mostly for flow regulation and hydropower generation. This paper presents an evaluation of historical changes in the flood\\u000a regime. Three regions of

Hersília de Andrade e Santos; Paulo dos Santos Pompeu; Danilo Okuma Lessa Kenji

430

Quantifying and Generalizing Hydrologic Responses to Dam Regulation using a Statistical Modeling Approach  

SciTech Connect

Despite the ubiquitous existence of dams within riverscapes, much of our knowledge about dams and their environmental effects remains context-specific. Hydrology, more than any other environmental variable, has been studied in great detail with regard to dam regulation. While much progress has been made in generalizing the hydrologic effects of regulation by large dams, many aspects of hydrology show site-specific fidelity to dam operations, small dams (including diversions), and regional hydrologic regimes. A statistical modeling framework is presented to quantify and generalize hydrologic responses to varying degrees of dam regulation. Specifically, the objectives were to 1) compare the effects of local versus cumulative dam regulation, 2) determine the importance of different regional hydrologic regimes in influencing hydrologic responses to dams, and 3) evaluate how different regulation contexts lead to error in predicting hydrologic responses to dams. Overall, model performance was poor in quantifying the magnitude of hydrologic responses, but performance was sufficient in classifying hydrologic responses as negative or positive. Responses of some hydrologic indices to dam regulation were highly dependent upon hydrologic class membership and the purpose of the dam. The opposing coefficients between local and cumulative-dam predictors suggested that hydrologic responses to cumulative dam regulation are complex, and predicting the hydrology downstream of individual dams, as opposed to multiple dams, may be more easy accomplished using statistical approaches. Results also suggested that particular contexts, including multipurpose dams, high cumulative regulation by multiple dams, diversions, close proximity to dams, and certain hydrologic classes are all sources of increased error when predicting hydrologic responses to dams. Statistical models, such as the ones presented herein, show promise in their ability to model the effects of dam regulation effects at large spatial scales as to generalize the directionality of hydrologic responses.

McManamay, Ryan A [ORNL

2014-01-01

431

TSSGNEO suggestions for refinement of safety criteria for dam at the Sayano-Shushenskaya HPP  

SciTech Connect

Analysis of radial-displacements of the dam, measured by direct and inverted plumb lines, indicates that curves of the variation in radial displacements of the dam at different elevations make it possible to plot diagrams of increases in the radial displacement over the entire height of the dam, i.e., inclines of the axis of the dam to the vertical.

Savich, A. I.; Gaziev, E. G. [Expert Commission on Assessment of the 'Dam - Bed' System at the Sayano-Shushenskaya HPP (Russian Federation)] [Expert Commission on Assessment of the 'Dam - Bed' System at the Sayano-Shushenskaya HPP (Russian Federation)

2013-09-15

432

The horizontal dam break problem for slow non-Newtonian power-law fluids  

E-print Network

The horizontal dam break problem for slow non-Newtonian power-law fluids P. Saramito a C. Smutek bLaboratoire g´eosciences ­ IPGP et universit´e de La R´eunion, France Abstract ­ The dam break problem shallow for the horizontal dam break problem. Keywords ­ viscoplastic fluid; dam break problem; shallow flows. 1

433

DOWNSTREAM CHANNEL CHANGES AFTER A SMALL DAM REMOVAL: USING AERIAL PHOTOS AND MEASUREMENT ERROR FOR CONTEXT;  

E-print Network

DOWNSTREAM CHANNEL CHANGES AFTER A SMALL DAM REMOVAL: USING AERIAL PHOTOS AND MEASUREMENT ERROR and Ecological Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA ABSTRACT Dam removal is often implemented to assess downstream channel changes associated with a small dam removal. The Brownsville Dam, a 2.1 m tall

Tullos, Desiree

434

Experimental Study on Impact Load on a Dam Due to Debris Flow1  

E-print Network

Experimental Study on Impact Load on a Dam Due to Debris Flow1 lwao Miyoshi2 ABSTRACT When a dam such destruction, it is important to perform basic research about the impact load on a dam due to debris flow. Thus on the dam. The experiment was performed with glass beads of 5mm in diameter as bulk solid, in an open

Standiford, Richard B.

435

Signature of Rhine Valley sturzstrom dam failures in Holocene sediments of Lake Constance, Germany  

E-print Network

Signature of Rhine Valley sturzstrom dam failures in Holocene sediments of Lake Constance, Germany 4 November 2003; received in revised form 12 April 2004; accepted 26 April 2004 Abstract Landslide-dammed that the hyperpycnite deposits are directly related to the failure of two sturzstrom dams and the draining of the dammed

Gilli, Adrian

436

A. Reservoir Effects of Stream Channels DAM IMPACTS ON AND RESTORATION OF AN ALLUVIAL RIVER  

E-print Network

A. Reservoir Effects of Stream Channels DAM IMPACTS ON AND RESTORATION OF AN ALLUVIAL RIVER ­ RIO GRANDE, NEW MEXICO Gigi RICHARD1 and Pierre JULIEN2 ABSTRACT The impact of construction of dams and reservoirs on alluvial rivers extends both upstream and downstream of the dam. Downstream of dams, both

Julien, Pierre Y.

437

Does Small Dam Removal Affect Local Property Values? An Empirical Analysis Bill Provencher  

E-print Network

Does Small Dam Removal Affect Local Property Values? An Empirical Analysis Bill Provencher of small dam removal on property values in south-central Wisconsin. Data on residential property sales were obtained for three categories of sites: those where a dam is intact, those where a dam was recently removed

Provencher, R. William

438

Explores Dam Removal Located in Southwest Ohio, Buck Creek and its  

E-print Network

OHIO Researcher Explores Dam Removal Located in Southwest Ohio, Buck Creek and its tributary, Beaver Creek, run through a series of low-head dams in Springfield, Ohio. Historically, the four dams of the four dams. This will help restore the natural flow of sediments and fish along the entire river

Bogaerts, Steven

439

LEAKAGE THROUGH GEOSYNTHETIC DAM LINING SYSTEMS Christine T. Weber, The University of Texas at Austin  

E-print Network

LEAKAGE THROUGH GEOSYNTHETIC DAM LINING SYSTEMS Christine T. Weber, The University of Texas for a range of conditions representative of dams, including representative hydraulic heads and soil hydraulic liner as a redundant lining system for earth dams. Introduction Embankment dams are susceptible

Zornberg, Jorge G.

440

The use of seismic tomograms for the identification of internal problems with earthen dams and levees  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

According to the National Inventory of dams (NID, 2009), out of the 84,134 dams in the US, more than 87% (73,423) are earthen dams. The majority of these earthen dams are past or approaching their design life expectancy of 50 years. According to the National committee on Levee Safety (NCLS, 2009),...

441

Safety and security monitoring of dams using nano-micromachined-based surface acoustic wave (SAW) sensors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concerns about the safety of concrete dams have increased during recent years, partly because the population at risk in locations downstream of major dams continues to expand and also because these old dams are experiencing long-term damage and the seismic design concepts used to build them were inadequate. Reliable techniques for continuous monitoring of certain key parameters affecting the dams'

Wayne Ross Jr.; Mohamed Saafi; Peter Romine; Zhigang Xiao; Dave Pett

2006-01-01

442

Benthic invertebrate assemblage change following dam removal in a Wisconsin stream  

Microsoft Academic Search

Small dams (height <10 m) have transformed stream networks across the United States. Shopiere Dam was removed from Turtle Creek, a fourth order stream in Southeastern Wisconsin in the fall of 1999. We sampled three sites (upstream of the impoundment, immediately below the dam, and farther downstream) before and after dam removal to identify changes in the invertebrate assemblage following

Amina I. Pollard; Tara Reed

2004-01-01

443

Examination of Physical and Regulatory Variables Leading to Small Dam Removal in Wisconsin  

Microsoft Academic Search

The decision to remove or repair a dam depends on multiple variables, many of which encompass both physical and social factors. In Wisconsin, the Department of Natural Resources is mandated to inspect small dams every ten years. A safety inspection often acts as a trigger event to a dam removal or repair decision. Although the issues surrounding a dam removal

Cailin H. Orr; Brian M. Roth; Kenneth J. Forshay; James D. Gonzales; Michael M. Papenfus; Rebecca D. G. Wassell

2004-01-01

444

Effects of upstream dams versus groundwater pumping on stream temperature under varying climate conditions  

E-print Network

with inreach pumping, and (4) no dam with pumping, resulting in 12 cases. Dam removal, in the presence constant. This approach provides a context for future in- vestigators to assess the impact of dam removalClick Here for Full Article Effects of upstream dams versus groundwater pumping on stream

445

DOWNSTREAM BENTHIC RESPONSES TO SMALL DAM REMOVAL IN A COLDWATER STREAM  

E-print Network

DOWNSTREAM BENTHIC RESPONSES TO SMALL DAM REMOVAL IN A COLDWATER STREAM CAILIN H. ORR,* STEVE J with an aging dam infrastructure has led to an increase in dam removals. However, ecological responses removals on downstream periphyton and macroinvertebrates in Boulder Creek, WI (USA). The dams were 180 m

Stanley, Emily

446

Response of Unionid Mussels to Dam Removal in Koshkonong Creek, Wisconsin (USA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dam removal is a potentially powerful tool for restoring riverine habitats and communities. However, the effectiveness of this tool is unknown because published data on the effects of dam removal on in-stream biota are lacking. We investigated the effects of a small dam removal on unionid mussels in Koshkonong Creek, Wisconsin (USA). Removal of the dam led to mortality both

Suresh A. Sethi; Andrew R. Selle; Martin W. Doyle; Emily H. Stanley; Helen E. Kitchel

2004-01-01

447

Removing Dams: Project-Level Policy and Scientific Research Needs (Invited)  

Microsoft Academic Search

More than 800 dams have been removed around the country, mostly ``small'' dams, under 25 feet in height. The total number of removals, however, is small relative to the number of deteriorating dams and the ecological impacts those structures continue to have on native riverine species and natural river function. The number of dam removal projects is increasing as aging

B. Graber

2010-01-01

448

The Northwest U.S. Dam Breaching Decision: Factors, Costs and Benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Northwestern United States' salmon populations have fallen precipitously. Attempts at salmon restoration are going on and dam breaching is being considered. Costs associated with the continued restoration attempts including hatchery stocking, barging and trucking salmon around the dams are high while benefits are unclear. Those costs may be greater than dam breaching. An additional impetus for dam removal is the

Michael Tucker

2001-01-01

449

Institute for Water Resources, US Army Corps of Engineers Australian National Committee on Large Dams  

E-print Network

Committee on Large Dams LIFESim: A Model for Estimating Dam Failure Life Loss DRAFT by Maged A. Aboelata and David S. Bowles Institute for Dam Safety Risk Management Utah State University Logan, Utah 2005 #12;ii ABSTRACT Catastrophic events such as dam failures or severe floods are considered to be of low probability

Bowles, David S.

450

Proceedings of the Australian Committee on Large Dams Conference, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. November 2004  

E-print Network

Proceedings of the Australian Committee on Large Dams Conference, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. November 2004 ANCOLD 2004 Conference Page 1 TRANSPORTATION MODEL FOR EVACUATION IN ESTIMATING DAM FAILURE for estimating potential life loss from natural and dam-failure floods. LIFESim can be used for dam safety risk

Bowles, David S.

451

Effects of Stronach Dam removal on fluvial geomorphology in the Pine River, Michigan, United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although dam removal has been increasingly used as an option in dam management, and as a river restoration tool, few studies provide detailed quantitative assessment of the geomorphological response of rivers to dam removal. In this study, we document the response of the Pine River, Michigan, to the gradual removal of Stronach Dam. In 1996, prior to the initiation of

Bryan A. Burroughs; Daniel B. Hayes; Kristi D. Klomp; Jonathan F. Hansen; Jessica Mistak

2009-01-01

452

Geodetic and Non-Geodetic Methods for Deformation Monitoring of Rock-Fill Dams, a Case Study at Ataturk DAM  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Necessity to water is increasing day by day with respect to the World population, rising of living standards and destruction of nature. Water resources have to be controlled and supplied for agricultural uses, drinking and industrial purposes by the countries having limited water resources. This situation is also considerable for Turkey which has a location in the middle zone of World and having limited water sources. Dams are among the most important engineering structures which are used for these purposes. However, the functioning life of dams is as important as the investment and construction. Nevertheless, in order to provide safety of human life living around, well planned monitoring is essential for dams. Deformation measurements have an important status among various engineering surveying. Considering the time and labor consumed by long-term measurements, processing and analysis of measured data, importance of the horizontal and vertical small structural motions at regular intervals could be comprehended. Ataturk Dam in Turkey is the 6th largest dam of world considering the filling volume of embankment. Deformation of Ataturk Dam is being monitoring yearly since 2006 by Istanbul Technical University Department of Geomatics Engineering. We apply both GPS and conventional techniques. In this study, we present the result of radial deformations on Ataturk Dam between 2006 and 2010. The results show significant horizontal movements among the 72% of object points. Maximum movement is found as 14.12 cm (with a radial component of 14.08 cm) in 4.5 years.

Kalkan, Y.; Bilgi, S.

2012-12-01

453

Riparian vegetation affected by bank erosion in the Lower São Francisco River, Northeastern Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changes in the hydrological regime of the Lower São Francisco River, located in Northeastern Brazil have brought negative environmental impacts, jeopardizing the flora and fauna of a global biodiversity hotspot, due to implementation of hydroelectric power dams and surface water withdrawal for irrigation in public and private perimeters. Remnants of the riparian stratum associated to the riverbank destabilization in six

Francisco Sandro Rodrigues Holanda; Laura Galvão da Cunha Santos; Cícero Marques dos Santos; Ana Patrícia Barreto Casado; Alceu Pedrotti; Genésio Tâmara Ribeiro

2005-01-01

454

Dynamic response of embankment, concrete-gravity and arch dams including hydrodynamic interaction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An analysis procedure in the frequency domain for determining the earthquake responses of a dam was developed. The procedure include hydrodynamic interaction and water compressibility effects. Linear responses of idealized, two dimensional gravity dams and three dimensional dams, including arch dams were obtained. For an infinite uniform region a finite element discretization provides for a proper transmission of pressure waves. Hydrodynamic effects are equivalent to an added mass and added load in the frequency domain equations of motion of the dam. Complex frequency response functions for acceleration at the dam crest are presented for two dimensional concrete gravity and earth dams and for a three dimensional arch dam. Water compressibility and fluid foundation interaction significantly influence the response of concrete gravity dams and are even more important for each dam.

Hall, J. F.; Chopra, A. K.

1980-10-01

455

Central Brazil  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This Moderate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) true-color image was acquired on October 19, 2000, over a region in Brazil large enough to show much of the country's diverse landscape. Spanning some 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles), Brazil is by far the largest South American nation--both in terms of land and population. The region known as the Amazon Basin lies to the northwest (upper left) and extends well beyond the northern and western edges of this scene. Typically, from this perspective Amazonia appears as a lush, dark green carpet due to the thick canopy of vegetation growing there. Some of the Amazon Basin is visible in this image, but much is obscured by clouds (bright white pixels), as is the Amazon River. This region is home to countless plant and animal species and some 150,000 native South Americans. The clusters of square and rectangular patterns toward the center of the image (light green or reddish-brown pixels) are where people have cleared away trees and vegetation to make room for development and agriculture. Toward the western side of the scene there is considerable haze and smoke from widespread biomass burning in parts of Brazil and Bolivia, which shares its eastern border with Brazil. Toward the east in this image is the highland, or 'cerrado,' region, which is more sparsely vegetated and has a somewhat drier climate than the Amazon Basin. The capital city, Brasilia, lies within this region just southwest of the Geral de Goias Mountains (orangish pixels running north-south). There are two large water reservoirs visible in this scene--the Sobradinho Reservoir about 800 km (500 miles) northeast of Brasilia, and the Paranaiba about 500 km (300 miles) southwest of Brasilia. MODIS flies aboard NASA's Terra spacecraft. Image courtesy Brian Montgomery, Reto Stockli, and Robert Simmon, based on data from the MODIS Science Team.

2002-01-01

456

Route-Specific Passage Proportions and Survival Rates for Fish Passing through John Day Dam, The Dalles Dam, and Bonneville Dam in 2010 and 2011  

SciTech Connect

This report fulfills a request of the U.S. Army Engineer District, Portland, Oregon, to produce an interim report of estimates of route-specific fish passage proportions and survival rates for lower Columbia River dams in 2010 and 2011. The estimates are needed to update the Compass Model for the Columbia River Treaty and the new Biological Opinion before detail technical reports are published in late 2012. This report tabulates route-specific fish-passage proportions and survival rates for steelhead and Chinook salmon smolts passing through various sampled routes at John Day Dam, The Dalles Dam, and Bonneville Dam in 2010 and 2011. Results were compiled from analyses of data acquired in spring 2010 and 2011 studies that were specifically designed to estimate dam-passage and forebay-to-tailrace survival rates, travel time metrics, and spill passage efficiency, as stipulated by the 2008 Federal Columbia River Power System Biological Opinion and the Columbia Basin Fish Accords. The study designs allowed for estimation of route-specific fish passage proportions and survival rates as well as estimation of forebay-passage survival, all of which are summarized herein.

Ploskey, Gene R.; Weiland, Mark A.; Carlson, Thomas J.

2012-06-04

457

2. UPSTREAM SIDE OF DIVERSION DAM ON THE SNAKE RIVER, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. UPSTREAM SIDE OF DIVERSION DAM ON THE SNAKE RIVER, LOOKING SOUTH-SOUTHWEST. NOTE BANK REINFORCEMENT ON LEFT AND SPILLWAY ON RIGHT. - Snake River Ditch, Headgate on north bank of Snake River, Dillon, Summit County, CO

458

3. NORTH SIDE OF DIVERSION DAM ON THE SNAKE RIVER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. NORTH SIDE OF DIVERSION DAM ON THE SNAKE RIVER SHOWING HEADGATE ON THE NORTH BANK. VIEW IS TO THE NORTH-NORTHWEST. - Snake River Ditch, Headgate on north bank of Snake River, Dillon, Summit County, CO

459

Restoration of the Elwha River by Dam Removal, Washington  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online article, from "The Biodiversity Crisis: Losing What Counts", describes the efforts to restore the Elwha River's salmon population. It includes a history of the dam construction and the effect on fish populations and the recommendations for restoration.

460

JiTT - Water Issues and the Aswan High Dam  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

1) What are some of the GOOD changes for the environment and positive impacts on the local people from construction of the Aswan High Dam? 2) What are some of the BAD changes for the environment and negative ...

Laura Guertin

461

Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves and Dam Safety  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geophysical methodologies and particularly the Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves (MASW) effectively proved their efficiency in the non-destructive testing of the dams, in the last decade, after many successful applications worldwide. The MASW method developed in the outset of this decade considerably improved the prospects and the validity of these geophysical applications. Since MASW and the other geophysical techniques do not require drilling they progressively increased their popularity significantly. The Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves can be applied for the assessment of both earthen and concrete dams. Nevertheless, mostly cases of earthen dams can be found in the literature. The method can detect and map low shear wave velocity areas potentially associated with low cohesion zones due to differential settlement events in the core or increased seepage. The advantage of MASW is that it is not influenced by the water saturation of the interior of the dam contrary to other methods eg. p-wave tomography. Usually, a joint application of MASW with the p-wave techniques can be an optimal choice since the two methodologies can act complementary. An application of MASW on a three-dimensional structure, such as a dam, however, can actually be considered as a complicated problem since the effects of the lateral structural anomalies can strongly affect the results. For example, in an earthen dam the investigation of the core can be influenced by the presence of the shells. Therefore, the problem should be carefully examined by modeling all these the lateral anomalies with the aim to avoid a misinterpretation of the results. The effectiveness of MASW to the dam safety assessment is presented through two example applications, one at the Mornos Dam, an earthen dam responsible for the water supply of Athens, and a second one at the Marathon Dam which is a concrete dam also used for the water supply of Athens. In the case of Mornos Dam, MASW detected areas affected by the differential settlement of the dam and more specifically by the arching phenomenon in the core. Such phenomena can lead to hydraulic fracture in the core and therefore should be carefully encountered. In particular the method detected, in the central part of the core, a weak zone just below the crest and another one at depth of 45 below crest, at a place where the monitoring instruments of the dam had measured very low effective stresses. This zone follows the shape pattern of the riverbed and at the edges of the crest it is connected with two other thick tensile zones. The example from the application in the concrete dam at Marathon is focused on the interior of the dam. The data acquired there, in the tunnels, were of different character than the ones gathered on usual applications on soil environment mainly due to the high and broad frequency content and the high phase velocity values. The standard data acquisition procedure also required some modification for the triggering and recording. The analysis of the data showed that such an application could provide useful results for the testing of the concrete quality.

Karastathis, V. K.

2012-12-01

462

Student Competition: Siting Potential Dams at Camp Del Webb, Utah  

E-print Network

Siting Potential Dams at Camp Del Webb, Utah Presented By: Kyle Wamser Problem ? Camp Del Webb is Lacking an Onsite Lake ? High Adventure Bases generally need aquatics ? Large lake nearby, but transportation is required ? Possible Solution...

Wamser, William Kyle

2007-11-14

463

10. VIEW OF THE SEDIMENT DAM AND POND, FACING SOUTH. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. VIEW OF THE SEDIMENT DAM AND POND, FACING SOUTH. PHOTO TAKEN FROM WATER PUMP (FEATURE B-25). - Nevada Lucky Tiger Mill & Mine, East slope of Buckskin Mountain, Paradise Valley, Humboldt County, NV

464

11. VIEW OF THE ROAD TO SEDIMENT DAM LOOKING FROM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. VIEW OF THE ROAD TO SEDIMENT DAM LOOKING FROM EDGE OF TAILINGS. WATER PUMP (FEATURE B-25) IS VISIBLE IN CENTER LEFT OF FRAME. - Nevada Lucky Tiger Mill & Mine, East slope of Buckskin Mountain, Paradise Valley, Humboldt County, NV

465

Parallel computation of seismic analysis of high arch dam  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Parallel computation programs are developed for three-dimensional meso-mechanics analysis of fully-graded dam concrete and seismic response analysis of high arch dams (ADs), based on the Parallel Finite Element Program Generator (PFEPG). The computational algorithms of the numerical simulation of the meso-structure of concrete specimens were studied. Taking into account damage evolution, static preload, strain rate effect, and the heterogeneity of the meso-structure of dam concrete, the fracture processes of damage evolution and configuration of the cracks can be directly simulated. In the seismic response analysis of ADs, all the following factors are involved, such as the nonlinear contact due to the opening and slipping of the contraction joints, energy dispersion of the far-field foundation, dynamic interactions of the dam-foundation-reservoir system, and the combining effects of seismic action with all static loads. The correctness, reliability and efficiency of the two parallel computational programs are verified with practical illustrations.

Chen, Houqun; Ma, Huaifa; Tu, Jin; Cheng, Guangqing; Tang, Juzhen

2008-03-01

466

28. Under ninth bridge, view to concrete dam and eighth ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

28. Under ninth bridge, view to concrete dam and eighth bridge in background during heavy rain, view to the SW. - Vicksburg National Military Park Roads & Bridges, Melan Arch Bridges, Spanning various tributaries at Confederate Avenue, Vicksburg, Warren County, MS

467

8. VIEW SHOWING FORM WORK OF DESILTING BASIN DAM. THE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. VIEW SHOWING FORM WORK OF DESILTING BASIN DAM. THE DOWNSTREAM FACE RIGHT WAS COMPOSED OF A SERIES OF ARCHES Photographer unknown, March 13, 1939 - Cross Cut Hydro Plant, North Side of Salt River, Tempe, Maricopa County, AZ

468

12. Looking northwest along Adams Dam Road toward State Routes ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. Looking northwest along Adams Dam Road toward State Routes 92 and 100 intersection, stone wall on right. - Winterthur Farms, Intersection State Routes 92 & 100, Intersection State Routes 92 & 100, Winterthur, New Castle County, DE

469

1. Building a brush dam. Location unknown. Photographer: Unknown, no ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Building a brush dam. Location unknown. Photographer: Unknown, no date. Source: Salt River Project Archives (SRPA) - Tempe Canal, South Side Salt River in Tempe, Mesa & Phoenix, Tempe, Maricopa County, AZ

470

9. WEST DAM, LOOKING EAST; NOTE FOREBAY AND PUMP HOUSE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. WEST DAM, LOOKING EAST; NOTE FOREBAY AND PUMP HOUSE UNDER CONSTRUCTION AT LOWER LEFT, NEW WATER SUPPLY CANAL CUTTING ACROSS LOWER THIRD OF PICTURE SPACE. - Eastside Reservoir, Diamond & Domenigoni Valleys, southwest of Hemet, Hemet, Riverside County, CA

471

7. WEST DAM STRUCTURE, LOOKING NORTHWEST. QUARRIES AT BOTTOM; OUTLET ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. WEST DAM STRUCTURE, LOOKING NORTHWEST. QUARRIES AT BOTTOM; OUTLET STRUCTURE UNDER CONSTRUCTION CUTTING INTO HILL AT TOP OF PICTURE. - Eastside Reservoir, Diamond & Domenigoni Valleys, southwest of Hemet, Hemet, Riverside County, CA

472

Dynamic Interaction of Concrete Dam-Reservoir-Foundation: Analytical and Numerical Solutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The majority of concrete dams worldwide have behaved relatively well during seismic events. However, there are several cases\\u000a where global failure or substantial damages have occurred. The need for new dam construction and retrofitting of existing\\u000a dams necessitates the use of advanced design approaches that can take realistically into account the potential dam-reservoir-foundation\\u000a interaction. Seismic design of concrete dams is

George Papazafeiropoulos; Yiannis Tsompanakis; Prodromos N. Psarropoulos

473

Dam safety effects due to human alteration of extreme precipitation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Very little is known about the vulnerability of dams and reservoirs to man-made alteration of extreme precipitation and floods as we step into the 21st century. This is because conventional dam and reservoir design over the last century has been “one-way” with no acknowledgment of the possible feedback mechanisms affecting the regional water cycle. Although the notion that an impoundment

Faisal Hossain; Indumathi Jeyachandran; Roger Pielke Sr

2010-01-01

474

Dam safety effects due to human alteration of extreme precipitation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Very little is known about the vulnerability of dams and reservoirs to man-made alteration of extreme precipitation and floods as we step into the 21st century. This is because conventional dam and reservoir design over the last century has been ``one-way'' with no acknowledgment of the possible feedback mechanisms affecting the regional water cycle. Although the notion that an impoundment

Faisal Hossain; Indumathi Jeyachandran; Roger Pielke

2010-01-01

475

DISCHARGE AND DEPTH BEHIND A PARTIALLY BREACHED DAM.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The role that the velocity-distribution correction factor plays in the determination of the flood discharge and corresponding flow depth behind a partially breached dam is investigated. Assumption of a uniformly progressive flow for an established dam-break flood in a rectangular channel of infinite extent leads to the formulation of a theoretical relation between the depth and velocity of flow expressed in differential form. Integrating this ordinary differential equation, one can express the velocity in terms of the depth.

Chen, Cheng-lung

1987-01-01

476

2. GORGE HIGH DAM. UNUSUALLY HIGH WATER IN GORGE LAKE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. GORGE HIGH DAM. UNUSUALLY HIGH WATER IN GORGE LAKE DUE TO THE COMBINATION OF UNIT 24 BEING DOWN FOR REWINDING AND TWO UNITS COMING ON LINE UNEXPECTEDLY AT ROSS POWERHOUSE LED TO WATER FLOWING OVER THE SPILLGATES. EACH GATE IF 47 FEET WIDE AND 50 FEET HIGH, 1989. - Skagit Power Development, Gorge High Dam, On Skagit River, 2.9 miles upstream from Newhalem, Newhalem, Whatcom County, WA

477

4. View north of Lake Whitney Dam. Wood shed at ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. View north of Lake Whitney Dam. Wood shed at center of photograph houses a turbine installed in 1932. Brick structure to the left of the turbine shed is a gate house which houses the main valves controlling flow of lake to water to the filter plant. - Lake Whitney Water Filtration Plant, Lake Whitney Dam, East side of Whitney Avenue near intersection with Armory Street, Hamden, New Haven County, CT

478

A hydraulic model study of the gray reef dam spillway  

E-print Network

A HYDRAULIC MODEL STUDY OF THE GRAY REEF DAM SPILLWAY A Thesis by ALI AKHTAR QURAISHI Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE January 1961 Major Subject: Civil Engineering A HYDRAULIC MODEL STUDY OF THE GRAY REEF DAM SPILLWAY A Thesis ALI AKHTAR QURAISHI Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of Comm' e Head of the Depa ment January 1961 ACKNOWLEDGMENT...

Quraishi, Ali Akhtar

1961-01-01

479

Kárahnjúkar Dam Spillway: Optimization by Hydraulic Model Tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The Kárahnjúkar HPP in Eastern Iceland was completed in 2008. Three dams store a reservoir with a life volume of 2100 million m3 water harnessing several glacier rivers. An unregulated spillway conveying floods from the reservoir into the river bed is\\u000a located at the left embankment of the 198 m high main dam. This facility was designed for a discharge

Michael Pfister; Thomas Berchtold; Adriano Lais

480

Envir202b Earth, Air, Water: the Human Context Winter 2003 F. Stahr The River Dammed: Proposed Removal of the Lower Snake River Dams A Case Study  

E-print Network

Removal of the Lower Snake River Dams ­ A Case Study Assignment & Schedule for Day 2 We will next workEnvir202b ­ Earth, Air, Water: the Human Context Winter 2003 F. Stahr The River Dammed: Proposed

481

Feasibility of groundwater recharge dam projects in arid environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new method for determining feasibility and prioritizing investments for agricultural and domestic recharge dams in arid regions is developed and presented. The method is based on identifying the factors affecting the decision making process and evaluating these factors, followed by determining the indices in a GIS-aided environment. Evaluated parameters include results from field surveys and site visits, land cover and soils data, precipitation data, runoff data and modeling, number of beneficiaries, domestic irrigation demand, reservoir objectives, demography, reservoirs yield and reliability, dam structures, construction costs, and operation and maintenance costs. Results of a case study on more than eighty proposed dams indicate that assessment of reliability, annualized cost/demand satisfied and yield is crucial prior to investment decision making in arid areas. Irrigation demand is the major influencing parameter on yield and reliability of recharge dams, even when only 3 months of the demand were included. Reliability of the proposed reservoirs as related to their standardized size and net inflow was found to increase with increasing yield. High priority dams were less than 4% of the total, and less priority dams amounted to 23%, with the remaining found to be not feasible. The results of this methodology and its application has proved effective in guiding stakeholders for defining most favorable sites for preliminary and detailed design studies and commissioning.

Jaafar, H. H.

2014-05-01

482

Channel response to dam removal, Clear Creek, California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Clear Creek drains 720 km2, joining the Sacramento River south of Redding, California. The 4.6-m high Saeltzer Dam blocked upstream migration of chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) since it was built in 1912 to divert water for irrigation. Saeltzer Dam was removed in 2000 to restore anadromous fish access to upstream reaches. Before the dam was taken down, 19,000 m3 of sediment stored behind the dam was mechanically removed, but substantial deposits remained. A 2001 survey (Stillwater Sciences and University of California Davis 2001) detected little channel change in the former reservoir area over the 2001 flow season (peak flow 35 m3s-1). We resurveyed the channel in 2003 (peak flow 130 m3s-1). Our survey documented post 2001 incision of more than 1 m, over about 320 m upstream of the former dam site to an active headcut, and lateral erosion of 15-18 m, for total erosion of over 3000 m3 from the former reservoir deposit. Dam removal has led to desiccation of riparian trees (mostly Alnus spp.), with over 50 trees visibly dead or dying, and lateral bank erosion has removed more trees.

Miller, P.; Kondolf, G. M.; Ferry, M.

2003-12-01

483

Guidelines for Assessing Sediment-Related Effects of DAM Removal  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dam removal is becoming more common in the United States as dams age and environmental concerns increase. Sediment management is an important part of many dam removal projects, but there are no commonly accepted methods to assess the level of risk associated with sediment stored behind dams. Therefore, the interagency Subcommittee on Sedimentation (SOS) is sponsoring the development of a decision framework for assessing sediment-related effects from dam removals. The decision framework provides guidance on the level of sediment data collection, analysis, and modeling needed for reservoir sediment management. The framework is based on criteria which scale the characteristics of the reservoir sediment to sediment characteristics of the river on which the reservoir is located. To assist with the framework development, workshops of invited technical experts from around the United States were convened October 2008 in Portland, Oregon and October 2009 in State College, Pennsylvania. The decision framework developed at these workshops is currently being validated with actual dam-removal case studies from across the United States including small, medium, and large reservoir sediment volumes. This paper provides the latest thinking on key components of the guidelines. The paper represents contributions from over 26 entities who have participated in the development of the guidelines. After completion of the case study application, the framework will be finalized and published.

Greimann, B. P.; Randle, T.; Bountry, J.

2010-12-01

484

Elwha River dam removal-Rebirth of a river  

USGS Publications Warehouse

After years of planning for the largest project of its kind, the Department of the Interior will begin removal of two dams on the Elwha River, Washington, in September 2011. For nearly 100 years, the Elwha and Glines Canyon Dams have disrupted natural processes, trapping sediment in the reservoirs and blocking fish migrations, which changed the ecology of the river downstream of the dams. All five Pacific salmon species and steelhead-historically present in large numbers-are locally extirpated or persist in critically low numbers. Upstream of the dams, more than 145 kilometers of pristine habitat, protected inside Olympic National Park, awaits the return of salmon populations. As the dams are removed during a 2-3 year project, some of the 19 million cubic meters of entrapped sediment will be carried downstream by the river in the largest controlled release of sediment into a river and marine waters in history. Understanding the changes to the river and coastal habitats, the fate of sediments, and the salmon recolonization of the Elwha River wilderness will provide useful information for society as future dam removals are considered.

Duda, Jeffrey J.; Warrick, Jonathan A.; Magirl, Christopher S.

2011-01-01

485

The design method of a dam on gravel stream  

SciTech Connect

Due to the intense requirements of electricity and water supply in the past decades, large number of dams, reservoirs and mobile barrages have been completed in Taiwan. These hydraulic structures almost occupied all the sound rock foundations with little overburdens. This indicates that the future ones have to face the situation of high overburdens. Special considerations should be taken to overcome the difficulties of water tight requirement and stability of structures. A case study is presented in this paper. It is a dam built for the purpose of hydropower generation and water supply, and is constructed on a gravel stream with 40 m of overburdens. Design method of this dam is discussed in this paper. Curtain grouting is performed in this dam to reduce the high permeability of gravel to an acceptable level. Caissons are chosen to be the structural foundations in this case study to support heavy loads of the dam and to reduce the difficulty of curtain grouting. Another problem for a dam built on gravel stream is the damage of abrasion and erosion to the stilling basin slabs, the sluice way aprons and the spillway aprons. Discussions on the abrasion-erosion resistant materials are also given in this paper.

Ni, W.B.; Wu, S.J.; Huang, C.Y. [Sinotech Engineering Consultants, Inc., Taipei (Taiwan, Province of China)

1995-12-31

486

A comparison of different rubber dam systems on a dental simulator.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that more recently developed rubber dam systems (OptraDam ® Plus and OptiDam™) are faster and easier to handle, and that the quality of isolation is not decreased. The rubber dam systems were applied in standard conditions on a dental simulator in several model clinical situations. The time of preparation, application and removal were measured and the quality of isolation was evaluated. The median time of rubber dam placement was 51 s (Q1 = 38 s; Q3 = 79 s). The shortest median time of application was with OptiDam™ (42 s), followed by a conventional rubber dam (53 s), and finally the longest was with OptraDam® Plus (58 s). The median volume of fluid remaining in the isolated space after 5 minutes was 9.5 mL (Q1 = 8 mL; Q3 = 10 mL). The largest median volume of remaining water was with OptiDam™ (10 mL), followed by a conventional rubber dam (9.5 mL) and the least with OptraDam® Plus (8.5 mL). The afore-stated hypothesis about the advantages of modern rubber dam isolation systems was accepted for OptiDam™, but rejected for OptraDam® Plus. The results could contribute to decision-making concerning the choice of rubber dam system. PMID:25006658

Kapitan, Martin; Sustova, Zdenka; Ivancakova, Romana; Suchanek, Jakub

2014-01-01

487

Movement patterns of armado, Pterodoras granulosus, in the Parana?? River Basin  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We studied the migratory behaviour of armado, Pterodoras granulosus, in the Parana?? River Basin of Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina, during 1997-2005. This species invaded the Upper Parana?? River after upstream dispersal was facilitated when Itaipu Reservoir inundated a natural barrier. Fish were tagged (N = 8051) in the mainstems of the Yacyreta and Itaipu reservoirs, bays of major tributaries, the Parana?? River floodplain above Itaipu Reservoir, and below dams. In all, 420 fish were recaptured of which 61% moved away from the release area. Fish moved a maximum of 215 km (mean 42), and at a maximum rate of 9.4 km??day-1 (mean 0.6). Of the 256 armados that moved away from the release site, 145 moved upstream towards unimpounded stretches of the Parana?? River and 111 moved downstream into the reservoir and bays of its tributaries (maximum 150 km). Based on the observed migratory movements, we suspect that most of the reproductive output originates in tributaries to the reservoirs. The ability of this species to expand its range presents a conundrum by pitting fishery management interests against conservation needs. Maintenance of the important armado fisheries depends on the ability of the species to migrate freely to use spawning and nursery areas in reservoir tributaries and floodplains. However, its ability to migrate long distances can allow this non-native species the opportunity to invade most of the Upper Parana?? River. ?? Journal compilation 2007 Blackwell Munksgaard No claim to original US government works.

Makrakis, M.C.; Miranda, L.E.; Makrakis, S.; Fernandez, D.R.; Garcia, J.O.; Dias, J.H.P.

2007-01-01

488

Temporary Restoration of Bull Trout Passage at Albeni Falls Dam  

SciTech Connect

This study was designed to monitor movements of bull trout that were provided passage above Albeni Falls Dam, Pend Oreille River. Electrofishing and angling were used to collect bull trout below the dam. Tissue samples were collected from each bull trout and sent to the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service Abernathy Fish Technology Center Conservation Genetics Lab, Washington. The DNA extracted from tissue samples were compared to a catalog of bull trout population DNA from the Priest River drainage, Lake Pend Oreille tributaries, and the Clark Fork drainage to determine the most probable tributary of origin. A combined acoustic radio or radio tag was implanted in each fish prior to being transported and released above the dam. Bull trout relocated above the dam were able to volitionally migrate into their natal tributary, drop back downstream, or migrate upstream to the next dam. A combination of stationary radio receiving stations and tracking via aircraft, boat, and vehicle were used to monitor the movement of tagged fish to determine if the spawning tributary it selected matched the tributary assigned from the genetic analysis. Seven bull trout were captured during electrofishing surveys in 2008. Of these seven, four were tagged and relocated above the dam. Two were tagged and left below the dam as part of a study monitoring movements below the dam. One was immature and too small at the time of capture to implant a tracking tag. All four fish released above the dam passed by stationary receivers stations leading into Lake Pend Oreille and no fish dropped back below the dam. One of the radio tags was recovered in the tributary corresponding with the results of the genetic test. Another fish was located in the vicinity of its assigned tributary, which was impassable due to low water discharge at its mouth. Two fish have not been located since entering the lake. Of these fish, one was immature and not expected to enter its natal tributary in the fall of 2008. The other fish was large enough to be mature, but at the time of capture its sex was unable to be determined, indicating it may not have been mature at the time of capture. These fish are expected to enter their natal tributaries in early summer or fall of 2009.

Paluch, Mark; Scholz, Allan; McLellan, Holly [Eastern Washington University Department of Biology; Olson, Jason [Kalispel Tribe of Indians Natural Resources Department

2009-07-13

489

The Influence of Dam Removal on Upland Soils  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Driven largely by anadromous fish passage issues, several dams have been removed in the Pacific Northwest and several more are slated to be removed there and in other regions of North America. While much effort has gone into modeling and monitoring the geomorphic and ecologic response of stream channels to dam removal, little research has investigated changes in upland soils following inundation resulting from dam construction, and none had evaluated how these upland soils would respond to dewatering following dam removal. The removal of a relatively large dam - Marmot Dam on the Sandy River in Northwest Oregon, presented an opportunity to evaluate the effect of dewatering on what were formerly upland rather than floodplain soils. We compared the dewatered soils to downstream upland soils that had not been inundated and modified a "ripening" index, which had been developed to characterize dewatered estuary soils in Dutch polders, in order to evaluate the physical and chemical changes taking place in these soils. Two years following dam removal, the previously inundated soils have higher organic matter percentage, cation exchange capacity, and nitrogen levels than downstream soils that were not inundated; yet, this new riparian area is largely devoid of vegetation while the downstream soils maintain a thick (10 cm) O horizon. The carbon to nitrogen ratios (C:N) of upstream surface horizons are low (13:1) and increase markedly with soil depth (54:1); the C:N ratios of downstream soils are typical of other forested soils in this region (28:1 at the surface and 26:1 at depth). Prior to dam removal, it is likely that all upstream, inundated soils had high C:N ratios due to the persistent anaerobic conditions under the reservoir. Following dam removal, soil microbes needing to supplement their nitrogen consumption with soluble nitrogen likely out-competed higher plants for plant available nitrogen. The C:N ratio should have dropped to an equilibrium; this was not achieved at this location likely due to the coarse texture and corresponding low ripening value of the dewatered soils. Hence, native plants have not re-established in the new riparian area. The current resulting high levels of nitrogen in the upstream dewatered soil is anomalous for this region and could lead to colonization by non-native species in this and other newly dewatered ecosystems. Additionally, the lower sections of the dewatered upland soils are still saturated even though they stand perched several meters above the current floodplain; this evidence of reservoir "underflooding" will continue to affect soil development for an unknown amount of time and should be considered for any large dam removal project.

Lafrenz, M. D.; Bean, R. A.; Uthman, D.

2011-12-01

490

Geophysical evaluation of the Success Dam foundation, Porterville, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Success Dam is a zonedearth fill embankment located near Porterville, CA. Studies of Success Dam by the recent Dam Safety Assurance Program (DSAP) have demonstrated the potential for seismic instability and large deformation of the dam due to relatively low levels of earthquake shaking. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers conducted several phases of investigations to determine the properties of the dam and its underlying foundation. Detailed engineering studies have been applied using a large number of analytical techniques to estimate the response of the dam and foundation system when subjected to earthquake loading. Although a large amount of data have been acquired, most are 'point' data from borings and results have to be extrapolated between the borings. Geophysical techniques were applied to image the subsurface to provide a better understanding of the spatial distribution of key units that potentially impact the stability. Geophysical investigations employing seismic refraction tomography, direct current (DC) resistivity, audio magnetotellurics (AMT) and self-potential (SP) were conducted across the location of the foundation of a new dam proposed to replace the existing one. Depth to bedrock and the occurrence of beds potentially susceptible to liquefaction were the focus of the investigations. Seismic refraction tomography offers a deep investigation of the foundation region and looks at compressional and shear properties of the material. Whereas resistivity surveys determines conductivity relationships in the shallow subsurface and can produce a relatively high-resolution image of geological units with different electrical properties. AMT was applied because it has the potential to look considerably deeper than the other methods, is useful for confirming depth to bedrock, and can be useful in identifying deep seated faults. SP is a passive electrical method that measures the electrical streaming potential in the subsurface that responds to the movement of ground water. SP surveys were conducted at low pool and high pool conditions in order to look for evidence of seepage below the existing dam. In this paper, we summarize these techniques, present their results at Success Dam, and discuss general application of these techniques for investigating dams and their foundations.

Hunter, L.E.; Powers, M.H.; Haines, S.; Asch, T.; Burton, B.L.; Serafini, D.C.

2006-01-01

491

Beaver Dam Effects on Gravel Transport Patterns - a Case Study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Beaver dams are numerous in mountain streams, but little is known about gravel transport in those streams. The dams may be fully functioning and retain all incoming sediment or partially permeable to sediment or be almost completely removed. Beaver dams in their various states of preservation can have a profound influence on stream morphology and bedload transport. During the spring of 2011, the authors made a time series study of bedload transport in a mountain stream dominated by beavers dams. Dams occurred with a frequency of one every 50 feet and showed a range of decay and fluvial influence. Gravel transport was sampled with bedload traps over a 2-month long snowmelt highflow season. The reach-average gradient was 0.03 and stream widths ranged from 3 to 8 m. The stream bed was incised 0.5 to 1.5 m deep into a floodplain and typically trapezoidal in its cross-sectional shape. Much of the floodplain consisted of filled-in beaver dams. Partially breached dams that were permeable to gravel transport acted as an obstacle, forcing the flow around sharp bends. Complex hydraulic conditions developed in the vicinity of the bends with backwater eddies upstream and downstream of the remnant dam. Wake eddies at the downstream side of dam remnants caused gravel deposits. The tortuous channel course around the bends caused strong secondary currents that forced gravel transport into a narrow pathway along one of the banks causing a strong lateral concentration of transport. The pathway had a bed of fine and medium gravel, while the remainder of the bed consisted mostly of coarse gravel and cobbles that became immobile shortly after peak flows. Tracer experiments indicated that most of the mobile gravel traveled along that bankward path, even though flow velocities and depths were considerably smaller than in the stream center. Over the highflow season, flows increased to about 160% of the 1.5 year recurrence interval (Q1.5) within about a week and then remained within the range of 120-150% Q1.55 for several weeks. During this time, gravel transport rates declined by three orders of magnitude, causing a pronounced hysteresis over the spring runoff season. The reason for the large hysteresis is attributed to the retention of gravel behind a mainly intact and impermeable beaver dam 700 ft above the study transect and subsequent limitation of bedload supply. Implications - gravel transport that is dominated by secondary flows around remnants of breached dams as well as by supply limitation below unbreached dams exhibits laterally concentrated gravel pathways and strong hysteresis effects, both of which make transport poorly predictable by conventional transport equations. Similarly, field measurements are problematic. Absent a season-long time series and full cross sectional measurements, results from occasional sampling within the highflow season probably cannot describe the relationship between flow and gravel transport rates. Given the large number of beaver-dominated streams, more studies on gravel transport and how it is affected by beaver dams would be useful.

Bunte, K.; Swingle, K. W.; Potyondy, J. P.; Abt, S. R.

2011-12-01

492

[Profile variability of soil properties in check dam on the Loess Plateau and its functions].  

PubMed

To understand the profile variability of soil properties of check dam and its possibility of engineering control over non-point source pollution, we used classical statistics to characterize the profile change of soil properties of a 5.20 m depth soil profile in the typical check dam on the Loess Plateau. The roles of check dam as organic carbon storage and available nutrients storage were discussed. The results showed that: 1) The bulk density and sand content of dam-head were lower than dam-tail, while, soil water content, silt, loam, organic carbon, available P, NO3(-) -N and NH4+ -N were higher than dam-tail. The bulk density for both dam-head and dam-tail showed weak variability while other properties showed moderate variability. All variables followed a normal distribution except sand in dam-head and soil moisture in dam-tail. 2) The change pattern of soil moisture on the soil profile for both dam-head and dam-tail was saw-tooth type. The change trends of soil organic carbon, available P and NH4+ -N were comparable to that of soil moisture. 3) The correlations among soil water content, organic carbon, bulk density, silt, loam, sand, available P, NO3(-) -N and NH4+ -N were significant (p < 0.05) except the relationship between bulk density and NO3(-) -N, NH4+ -N and relationship between available P and NH4+ -N in dam-tail. The positive or negative correlation of soil properties both in dam-head and dam-tail were coincident. 4) The check dam can be an important carbon storage on the Loess Plateau, and the organic carbon storage in dam-head was higher than dam-tail. The storage of organic carbon in 400-520 cm depth was the biggest for dam-head, in 0-100 cm depths for dam-tail. 5) The check dam is an enrichment sink of available nutrients. The storage of available P, NO3(-) -N and NH4+ -N in dam-head were higher than dam-tail, and the range of storage was: NH4+ -N > available P > NO3(-) -N. The coefficient of enrichment for NH4+ -N and NO3(-) -N were 1.132 and 1.956, respectively. 6) As the sink of soil nutrients, check dam has an important theoretical value for region carbon balance, ecological environment reconstruction and the effective control over non-point source pollution. PMID:18637356

Wang, Yun-qiang; Zhang, Xing-chang; Han, Feng-peng

2008-04-01

493

Geophysical investigation of seepage beneath an earthen dam.  

PubMed

A hydrogeophysical survey is performed at small earthen dam that overlies a confined aquifer. The structure of the dam has not shown evidence of anomalous seepage internally or through the foundation prior to the survey. However, the surface topography is mounded in a localized zone 150?m downstream, and groundwater discharges from this zone periodically when the reservoir storage is maximum. We use self-potential and electrical resistivity tomography surveys with seismic refraction tomography to (1) determine what underlying hydrogeologic factors, if any, have contributed to the successful long-term operation of the dam without apparent indicators of anomalous seepage through its core and foundation; and (2) investigate the hydraulic connection between the reservoir and the seepage zone to determine whether there exists a potential for this success to be undermined. Geophysical data are informed by hydraulic and geotechnical borehole data. Seismic refraction tomography is performed to determine the geometry of the phreatic surface. The hydro-stratigraphy is mapped with the resistivity data and groundwater flow patterns are determined with self-potential data. A self-potential model is constructed to represent a perpendicular profile extending out from the maximum cross-section of the dam, and self-potential data are inverted to recover the groundwater velocity field. The groundwater flow pattern through the aquifer is controlled by the bedrock topography and a preferential flow pathway exists beneath the dam. It corresponds to a sandy-gravel layer connecting the reservoir to the downstream seepage zone. PMID:24635516

Ikard, S J; Rittgers, J; Revil, A; Mooney, M A

2015-03-01

494

Campus Construction Situation Report #4 February 29th, 2012 Hechenbleikner Lake Dam --Dewatering maintenance continues. Major construction activity will  

E-print Network

Campus Construction Situation Report #4 ­ February 29th, 2012 Hechenbleikner Lake Dam -- Dewatering Report #3 ­ February 24, 2012 Hechenbleikner Lake Dam -- Dewatering maintenance continues. Major . Campus Construction Situation Report #2 ­ February 16, 2012 Hechenbleikner Lake Dam -- Dewatering

Chen, Keh-Hsun

495

Serologic survey for Leptospira spp. in captive neotropical felids in Foz do Iguaçu, Paraná, Brazil.  

PubMed

Leptospirosis is a bacterial zoonosis of worldwide distribution and is endemic in tropical countries, where rodents and other wild mammals are abundant and may act as reservoirs. Leptospirosis has become a concern in captive wild animals, due mostly to their exposure to contaminated urine or environment. Although domestic cats (Felis catus) have been reported refractory to leptospirosis, serology and disease in captive wild felids is still unclear. In this study 57 adult, clinically healthy felids, including 1 Geoffroy's cat (Leopardus geoffroyi), 3 jaguarundis (Puma yagouaroundi), 17 margays (Leopardus wiedii), 22 little spotted cats (Leopardus tigrinus), and 14 ocelots (Leopardus pardalis) kept in captivity at the Sanctuary at the Itaipu Binacional hydroelectric power plant (Bela Vista Biological Sanctuary), Foz do Iguacu City, Paraná State, Brazil, were serologically surveyed for the presence of antibodies against 28 serovars of Leptospira spp. by microagglutination test (MAT). Two animals (3.5%) were seropositive: one male ocelot to the serovar Cynopteri (titer 100) and one female margay to Autumnalis (100) and Butembo (200). The captive-born, 5-yr-old ocelot had been solitary housed in an individual cage. The approximately 21-yr-old wild-caught margay was also kept individually. None of the tested animals showed signs ofleptospirosis. During a study conducted 4 yr previously in the same facility, this particular margay also tested positive for the same two serovars, among others. The present study indicates that the felids tested for Leptospira spp. by MAT were exposed to serovars, but did not demonstrate clinical signs of disease. Comparison with a previous study suggests that serovar titers may vary over time and that leptospirosis dynamics remains unclear in wild felids. PMID:22779223

Ullmann, Leila Sabrina; Hoffmann, Juliano L; de Moraes, Wanderlei; Cubas, Zalmir S; dos Santos, Leonilda Correia; da Silva, Rodrigo Costa; Moreira, Nei; Guimaraes, Ana Marcia Sa; Camossi, Lucilene Granuzzio; Langoni, Helio; Biondo, Alexander W

2012-06-01

496

Serological survey of Toxoplasma gondii in captive Neotropical felids from Southern Brazil.  

PubMed

Toxoplasma gondii is the causative intracellular protozoan of toxoplasmosis in human being and animals. Members of the Felidae family are considered the single definitive host for the infection; both wild and domestic cats are able to excrete oocysts in the environment. Wild cats maintained in captivity may serve as source of infection for other clinically susceptible animals in the same environment. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of T. gondii IgG antibodies in 57 neotropical felids (1 Leopardus geoffroyi; 3 Puma yagouaroundi; 17 Leopardus wiedii; 22 Leopardus tigrinus; and 14 Leopardus pardalis) kept at the Bela Vista Biological Sanctuary, Itaipu Binacional, Southern Brazil, by the modified agglutination test (MAT) using titer 16 as cut-off point. Seropositivity was observed in 38/57 (66.67%; 95% CI 53.66-77.51%) samples, with higher frequency in ocelots (71.43%). Wild-caught felids were three times more likely to be infected when compared to zoo-born animals (P

Ullmann, Leila Sabrina; da Silva, Rodrigo Costa; de Moraes, Wanderlei; Cubas, Zalmir Silvino; dos Santos, Leonilda Correia; Hoffmann, Juliano Leônidas; Moreira, Nei; Guimaraes, Ana Marcia Sa; Montaño, Patrícia; Langoni, Helio; Biondo, Alexander Welker

2010-08-27

497

Functional and expressional analyses of PmDAM genes associated with endodormancy in Japanese apricot.  

PubMed

Bud endodormancy in woody plants plays an important role in their perennial growth cycles. We previously identified a MADS box gene, DORMANCY-ASSOCIATED MADS box6 (PmDAM6), expressed in the endodormant lateral buds of Japanese apricot (Prunus mume), as a candidate for the dormancy-controlling gene. In this study, we demonstrate the growth inhibitory functions of PmDAM6 by overexpressing it in transgenic poplar (Populus tremula × Populus tremuloides). Transgenic poplar plants constitutively expressing PmDAM6 showed growth cessation and terminal bud set under environmental conditions in which control transformants continued shoot tip growth, suggesting the growth inhibitory functions of PmDAM6. In the Japanese apricot genome, we identified six tandemly arrayed PmDAM genes (PmDAM1-PmDAM6) that conserve an amphiphilic repression motif, known to act as a repression domain, at the carboxyl-terminal end, suggesting that they all may act as transcriptional repressors. Seasonal expression analysis and cold treatment in autumn indicated that all PmDAMs were repressed during prolonged cold exposure and maintained at low levels until endodormancy release. Furthermore, PmDAM4 to PmDAM6 responses to a short period of cold exposure appeared to vary between low- and high-chill genotypes. In the high-chill genotype, a short period of cold exposure slightly increased PmDAM4 to PmDAM6 expression, while in the low-chill genotype, the same treatment repressed PmDAM4 to PmDAM6 expression. Furthermore, PmDAM4 to PmDAM6 expression was negatively correlated with endodormancy release. We here discuss the genotype-dependent seasonal expression patterns of PmDAMs in relation to their involvement in endodormancy and variation in chilling requirements. PMID:21795580

Sasaki, Ryuta; Yamane, Hisayo; Ooka, Tomomi; Jotatsu, Hiroaki; Kitamura, Yuto; Akagi, Takashi; Tao, Ryutaro

2011-09-01

498

DNA Adenine Methylase Mutants of Salmonella Typhimurium and a Novel Dam-Regulated Locus  

PubMed Central

Mutants of Salmonella typhimurium lacking DNA adenine methylase were isolated; they include insertion and deletion alleles. The dam locus maps at 75 min between cysG and aroB, similar to the Escherichia coli dam gene. Dam(-) mutants of S. typhimurium resemble those of E. coli in the following phenotypes: (1) increased spontaneous mutations, (2) moderate SOS induction, (3) enhancement of duplication segregation, (4) inviability of dam recA and dam recB mutants, and (5) suppression of the inviability of the dam recA and dam recB combinations by mutations that eliminate mismatch repair. However, differences between S. typhimurium and E. coli dam mutants are also found: (1) S. typhimurium dam mutants do not show increased UV sensitivity, suggesting that methyl-directed mismatch repair does not participate in the repair of UV-induced DNA damage in Salmonella. (2) S. typhimurium dam recJ mutants are viable, suggesting that the Salmonella RecJ function does not participate in the repair of DNA strand breaks formed in the absence of Dam methylation. We also describe a genetic screen for detecting novel genes regulated by Dam methylation and a locus repressed by Dam methylation in the S. typhimurium virulence (or ``cryptic'') plasmid. PMID:8878670

Torreblanca, J.; Casadesus, J.

1996-01-01

499

Data collection and documentation of flooding downstream of a dam failure in Mississippi  

USGS Publications Warehouse

On March 12, 2004, the Big Bay Lake dam failed, releasing water and affecting lives and property downstream in southern Mississippi. The dam is located near Purvis, Mississippi, on Bay Creek, which flows into Lower Little Creek about 1.9 miles downstream from the dam. Lower Little Creek flows into Pearl River about 16.9 miles downstream from the dam. Knowledge of the hydrology and hydraulics of floods caused by dam breaks is essential to the design of dams. A better understanding of the risks associated with possible dam failures may help limit the loss of life and property that often occurs downstream of a dam failure. The USGS recovered flood marks at the one crossing of Bay Creek and eight crossings of Lower Little Creek. Additional flood marks were also flagged at three other bridges crossing tributaries where backwater occurred. Flood marks were recovered throughout the stream reach of about 3/4 to 15 miles downstream of the dam. Flood marks that were flagged will be surveyed so that a flood profile can be documented downstream of the Big Bay Lake dam failure. Peak discharges are also to be estimated where possible. News reports stated that the peak discharge at the dam was about 67,000 cubic feet per second. Preliminary data suggest the peak discharge from the dam failure attenuated to about 13,000 cubic feet per second at Lower Little Creek at State Highway 43, about 15 miles downstream of the dam.

Van Wilson, Jr., K.

2005-01-01

500

Flood hydrology and dam-breach hydraulic analyses of five reservoirs in Colorado  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service has identified hazard concerns for areas downstream from five Colorado dams on Forest Service land. In 2009, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Forest Service, initiated a flood hydrology analysis to estimate the areal extent of potential downstream flood inundation and hazard to downstream life, property, and infrastructure if dam breach occurs. Readily available information was used for dam-breach assessments of five small Colorado reservoirs (Balman Reservoir, Crystal Lake, Manitou Park Lake, McGinnis Lake, and Million Reservoir) that are impounded by an earthen dam, and no new data were collected for hydraulic modeling. For each reservoir, two dam-breach scenarios were modeled: (1) the dam is overtopped but does not fail (break), and (2) the dam is overtopped and dam-break occurs. The dam-breach scenarios were modeled in response to the 100-year recurrence, 500-year recurrence, and the probable maximum precipitation, 24-hour duration rainstorms to predict downstream flooding. For each dam-breach and storm scenario, a flood inundation map was constructed to estimate the extent of flooding in areas of concern downstream from each dam. Simulation results of the dam-break scenarios were used to determine the hazard classification of the dam structure (high, significant, or low), which is primarily based on the potential for loss of life and property damage resulting from the predicted downstream flooding.

Stevens, Michael R.; Hoogestraat, Galen K.

2013-01-01