Sample records for japanese prototype buildings

  1. An Optimization and Assessment on DG adoption in JapanesePrototype Buildings

    SciTech Connect

    Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida,Masaru

    2005-11-30

    This research investigates a method of choosing economicallyoptimal DER, expanding on prior studies at the Berkeley Lab using the DERdesign optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources CustomerAdoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds the optimal combination ofinstalled equipment from available DER technologies, given prevailingutility tariffs, site electrical and thermal loads, and a menu ofavailable equipment. It provides a global optimization, albeit idealized,that shows how the site energy load scan be served at minimum cost byselection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, andcooling. Five prototype Japanese commercial buildings are examined andDER-CAM applied to select thee conomically optimal DER system for each.The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sportsfacility. Based on the optimization results, energy and emissionreductions are evaluated. Furthermore, a Japan-U.S. comparison study ofpolicy, technology, and utility tariffs relevant to DER installation ispresented. Significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbon emissions,and energy costs were seen in the DER-CAM results. Savings were mostnoticeable in the sports facility, followed by the hospital, hotel, andoffice building.

  2. The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (Japanese translation)

    SciTech Connect

    Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

    2004-10-15

    The August 2003 blackout of the northeastern U.S. and CANADA caused great economic losses and inconvenience to New York City and other affected areas. The blackout was a warning to the rest of the world that the ability of conventional power systems to meet growing electricity demand is questionable. Failure of large power systems can lead to serious emergencies. Introduction of on-site generation, renewable energy such as solar and wind power and the effective utilization of exhaust heat is needed, to meet the growing energy demands of the residential and commercial sectors. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems. This work demonstrates a method for choosing and designing economically optimal DER systems. An additional purpose of this research is to establish a database of energy tariffs, DER technology cost and performance characteristics, and building energy consumption for Japan. This research builds on prior DER studies at the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and with their associates in the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) and operation, including the development of the microgrid concept, and the DER selection optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM is a tool designed to find the optimal combination of installed equipment and an idealized operating schedule to minimize a site's energy bills, given performance and cost data on available DER technologies, utility tariffs, and site electrical and thermal loads over a test period, usually an historic year. Since hourly electric and thermal energy data are rarely available, they are typically developed by building simulation for each of six end use loads used to model the building: electric-only loads, space heating, space cooling, refrigeration, water heating, and natural-gas-only loads. DER-CAM provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the necessary useful energy loads can be provided for at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, cooling, and efficiency improvements. This study examines five prototype commercial buildings and uses DER-CAM to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Each building type was considered for both 5,000 and 10,000 square meter floor sizes. The energy consumption of these building types is based on building energy simulation and published literature. Based on the optimization results, energy conservation and the emissions reduction were also evaluated. Furthermore, a comparison study between Japan and the U.S. has been conducted covering the policy, technology and the utility tariffs effects on DER systems installations.

  3. Building a parabolic solar concentrator prototype

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Escobar-Romero, J. F. M.; Montiel, S. Vázquez y.; Granados-Agustín, F.; Cruz-Martínez, V. M.; Rodríguez-Rivera, E.; Martínez-Yáńez, L.

    2011-01-01

    In order to not further degrade the environment, people have been seeking to replace non-renewable natural resources such as fossil fuels by developing technologies that are based on renewable resources. An example of these technologies is solar energy. In this paper, we show the building and test of a solar parabolic concentrator as a prototype for the production of steam that can be coupled to a turbine to generate electricity or a steam engine in any particular industrial process.

  4. 10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

  5. 10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

  6. 10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

  7. 10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

  8. 10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

  9. Knowledge-Building Activity Structures in Japanese Elementary Science Pedagogy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oshima, Jun; Oshima, Ritsuko; Murayama, Isao; Inagaki, Shigenori; Takenaka, Makiko; Yamamoto, Tomokazu; Yamaguchi, Etsuji; Nakayama, Hayashi

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to refine Japanese elementary science activity structures by using a CSCL approach to transform the classroom into a knowledge-building community. We report design studies on two science lessons in two consecutive years and describe the progressive refinement of the activity structures. Through comparisons of student…

  10. Building a Prototype Text to Speech for Sanskrit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mahananda, Baiju; Raju, C. M. S.; Patil, Ramalinga Reddy; Jha, Narayana; Varakhedi, Shrinivasa; Kishore, Prahallad

    This paper describes about the work done in building a prototype text to speech system for Sanskrit. A basic prototype text-to-speech is built using a simplified Sanskrit phone set, and employing a unit selection technique, where prerecorded sub-word units are concatenated to synthesize a sentence. We also discuss the issues involved in building a full-fledged text-to-speech for Sanskrit.

  11. Enhancements to ASHRAE Standard 90.1 Prototype Building Models

    SciTech Connect

    Goel, Supriya; Athalye, Rahul A.; Wang, Weimin; Zhang, Jian; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Xie, YuLong; Hart, Philip R.; Mendon, Vrushali V.

    2014-04-16

    This report focuses on enhancements to prototype building models used to determine the energy impact of various versions of ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1. Since the last publication of the prototype building models, PNNL has made numerous enhancements to the original prototype models compliant with the 2004, 2007, and 2010 editions of Standard 90.1. Those enhancements are described here and were made for several reasons: (1) to change or improve prototype design assumptions; (2) to improve the simulation accuracy; (3) to improve the simulation infrastructure; and (4) to add additional detail to the models needed to capture certain energy impacts from Standard 90.1 improvements. These enhancements impact simulated prototype energy use, and consequently impact the savings estimated from edition to edition of Standard 90.1.

  12. 10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

  13. 10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

  14. 10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

  15. 10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

  16. 10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

  17. Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report, Reference Volume 1: Building prototype analysis

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-04-01

    This report provides a detailed description of, and the baseline assumptions and simulation results for, the building prototype simulations conducted for the building types designated in the Work Plan for Demand-side Management Assessment of Hawaii`s Demand-Side Resources (HES-4, Phase 2). This report represents the second revision to the initial building prototype description report provided to DBEDT early in the project. Modifications and revisions to the prototypes, based on further calibration efforts and on comments received from DBEDT Staff have been incorporated into this final version. These baseline prototypes form the basis upon which the DSM measure impact estimates and the DSM measure data base were developed for this project. This report presents detailed information for each of the 17 different building prototypes developed for use with the DOE-21E program (23 buildings in total, including resorts and hotels defined separately for each island) to estimate the impact of the building technologies and measures included in this project. The remainder of this section presents some nomenclature and terminology utilized in the reports, tables, and data bases developed from this project to denote building type and vintage. Section 2 contains a more detailed discussion of the data sources, the definition of the residential sector building prototypes, and results of the DOE-2 analysis. Section 3 provides a similar discussion for the commercial sector. The prototype and baseline simulation results are presented in a separate section for each building type. Where possible, comparison of the baseline simulation results with benchmark data from the ENERGY 2020 model or other demand forecasting models specific to Hawaii is included for each building. Appendix A contains a detailed listing of the commercial sector baseline indoor lighting technologies included in the existing and new prototypes by building type.

  18. Junior Team Design This competition challenges junior engineering students to design and build a prototype to

    E-print Network

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Junior Team Design This competition challenges junior engineering students to design and build a prototype to address a technical problem. The Junior Team Design category is similar to the Senior Team Design competition, but emphasis is placed on prototype functionality rather than design theory. Team

  19. BUILDING CAD PROTOTYPING TOOL FOR EMERGING NANOSCALE FABRICS Catherine Dezan, Loic Lagadec

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    BUILDING CAD PROTOTYPING TOOL FOR EMERGING NANOSCALE FABRICS Catherine Dezan, Loic Lagadec of CAD tools for nanofabrics involves new challenges not encountered with conventional CMOS technology. In this paper, we describe the design of a prototyping CAD tool targeting design automation of applications

  20. Primary structure of a Japanese lacquer tree laccase as a prototype enzyme of multicopper oxidases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kazutomo Nitta; Kunishige Kataoka; Takeshi Sakurai

    2002-01-01

    The cDNA library of the Japanese lacquer tree (Rhus vernicifera) was constructed by the reverse transcription of mRNA. A cDNA encoding laccase was amplified by PCR using primers based on the N-terminal amino acid sequences of the purified laccase and its peptide fragments formed by digestions with chymotrypsin and trypsin, and subcloned. The laccase cDNA clone contained a single, large

  1. Genomic structure of the human prototype strain H of hepatitis C virus: comparison with American and Japanese isolates.

    PubMed Central

    Inchauspe, G; Zebedee, S; Lee, D H; Sugitani, M; Nasoff, M; Prince, A M

    1991-01-01

    Genomic RNA from the human prototype strain H of the hepatitis C virus (HCV-H) has been molecularly cloned and sequenced. The HCV-H sequence reported consists of 9416 nucleotides including the 5' and 3' untranslated regions. HCV-H shows 96% amino acid identity with the American isolate HCV-1 but only 84.9% with the Japanese isolates HCV-J and HCV-BK. In addition to the hypervariable region (region V) previously identified in the putative E2 domain, three other variable domains were identified: region V1 (putative E1), region V2 (putative E2), and region V3 (putative NS5). These regions appear rather conserved (86-100%) among the American isolates (HCV-1 and HC-J1) or among various Japanese isolates (HCV-J, HCV-BK, HCV-JH, and HC-J4) but show striking heterogeneity when the two subgroups are compared (42-87.5% amino acid difference). A structural similarity between the 5'-terminal hairpin structure of HCV and of poliovirus was observed. This study further suggests the existence of at least two genomic subtypes of HCV and confirms a distant relationship between HCV and pestiviruses. Images PMID:1658800

  2. Building the 4 Processor SB-PRAM Prototype

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Bach; Michael Braun; Arno Formella; Jörg Friedrich; Thomas Griin; Cédric Lichtenau

    1997-01-01

    The SB-PRAM is a massively parallel, uniform memory access (UMA) shared memory computer. The main ideas of the design are multithreading on instruction level, hashing of the address space, and combining in the butterfly net- work. We have built a first research prototype with 4 physi- cal processors, thus 128 virtual processors, to demonstrate the feasibility of the concept. The

  3. Whole-building energy targets ``A`` prototype, initial version

    SciTech Connect

    Briggs, R.S.

    1994-09-01

    The Whole-Building Energy Targets project, sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE), is developing a methodology for generating energy performance targets for commercial buildings. The methodology and implementing software have potential applications to energy standards and guidelines, advanced building design tools, energy retrofit analysis, demand-side management programs, and the planning and assessment of building energy research. Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) is conducting the Targets project with assistance from three leading building-industry associations -- the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc. (ASHRAE); the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IES); and the American Institute of Architects/Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture (AIA/ACSA) Council on Architectural Research. The project`s objective is to develop a methodology to generate energy performance targets for design, check the compliance of commercial-building designs with those targets, and evaluate design alternatives. Two previous phases of the project have been completed -- Phase 1 Planning and Phase 2 Concept Development. The current phase is called Phase 3 System Development. Key elements of the technical approach are that targets will be based on space functions (i.e., the collection of activities and corresponding areas within a building) rather than building types, generated using economic optimization methods, and custom-generated for specific building projects. Pacific Northwest Laboratory is developing computer software, referred to as the ``Targets software,`` that implements this methodology. The Targets software will enable the methodology to be demonstrated and tested and is intended to provide the basis for final computer applications incorporating the methodology.

  4. Development of a prototype of a compact 145 kV substation inside a metallic building

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Orlando Silvio Lobosco; G. de Castro Neto; Hélio Eiji Sueta; Luis Donizeti de Assis

    2000-01-01

    This paper presents the development of a prototype of a substation of 145 kV, BIL 650 kV, taking into account the decrease of the bus electrical insulation clearance, combined with the installation inside a metallic building. Only conventional equipment, usually found on the market, were applied in the prototype. During the preliminary approach, tests were carried out in the high-voltage

  5. Prototype Passive Solar Buildings in Louisiana - A Hot-Humid Climate 

    E-print Network

    Shih, J. C.

    1986-01-01

    This paper on prototype passive solar buildings in Louisiana presents state of the art passive solar design. According to U.S. Department of Energy report, the annual energy consumption for a single family detached dwelling in Louisiana is from 31...

  6. Prototype Passive Solar Buildings in Louisiana - A Hot-Humid Climate

    E-print Network

    Shih, J. C.

    1986-01-01

    This paper on prototype passive solar buildings in Louisiana presents state of the art passive solar design. According to U.S. Department of Energy report, the annual energy consumption for a single family detached dwelling in Louisiana is from 31...

  7. Senior Design This competition challenges competitors to design a solution and build a prototype to address

    E-print Network

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Senior Design This competition challenges competitors to design a solution and build a prototype to address a technical problem. Team Composition The Senior Design team will be comprised of a maximum of four competitors. At least half of the design team must be representing an accredited engineering

  8. Prototyping a Browser for a Listed Buildings Database with Semantic MediaWiki

    E-print Network

    Kohlhase, Michael

    Prototyping a Browser for a Listed Buildings Database with Semantic MediaWiki Anca Dumitrache1, are increasingly attracting visitors. People express interest in hidden gems in their neighborhood or along MediaWiki These requirements clearly demand semantic technologies. In this early phase

  9. Association of sick building syndrome with neuropathy target esterase (NTE) activity in Japanese.

    PubMed

    Matsuzaka, Yasunari; Ohkubo, Tomoichi; Kikuti, Yukie Y; Mizutani, Akiko; Tsuda, Michio; Aoyama, Yoshiko; Kakuta, Kazuhiko; Oka, Akira; Inoko, Hidetoshi; Sakabe, Kou; Ishikawa, Satoshi; Kulski, Jerzy K; Kimura, Minoru

    2014-10-01

    Sick building syndrome (SBS) is a set of several clinically recognizable symptoms reported by occupants of a building without a clear cause. Neuropathy target esterase (NTE) is a membrane bound serine esterase and its reaction with organophosphates (OPs) can lead to OP-induced delayed neuropathy (OPIDN) and nerve axon degeneration. The aim of our study was to determine whether there was a difference in NTE activity in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of Japanese patients with SBS and healthy controls and whether PNPLA6 (alias NTE) gene polymorphisms were associated with SBS. We found that the enzymatic activity of NTE was significantly higher (P < 0.0005) in SBS patients compared with controls. Moreover, population with an AA genotype of a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs480208, in intron 21 of the PNPLA6 gene strongly reduced the activity of NTE. Fifty-eight SNP markers within the PNPLA6 gene were tested for association in a case-control study of 188 affected individuals and 401 age-matched controls. Only one SNP, rs480208, was statistically different in genotype distribution (P = 0.005) and allele frequency (P = 0.006) between the cases and controls (uncorrected for testing multiple SNP sites), but these were not significant by multiple corrections. The findings of the association between the enzymatic activity of NTE and SBS in Japanese show for the first time that NTE activity might be involved with SBS. PMID:23418070

  10. An Analysis of the DER Adoption Climate in Japan UsingOptimization Results for Prototype Buildings with U.S. Comparisons

    SciTech Connect

    Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida,Masaru

    2006-06-16

    This research demonstrates economically optimal distributedenergy resource (DER) system choice using the DER choice and operationsoptimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer AdoptionModel (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds the optimal combination of installedequipment given prevailing utility tariffs and fuel prices, siteelectrical and thermal loads (including absorption cooling), and a menuof available equipment. It provides a global optimization, albeitidealized, that shows how site useful energy loads can be served atminimum cost. Five prototype Japanese commercial buildings are examinedand DER-CAM is applied to select the economically optimal DER system foreach. Based on the optimization results, energy and emission reductionsare evaluated. Significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbonemissions, and energy costs were seen in the DER-CAM results. Savingswere most noticeable in the prototype sports facility, followed by thehospital, hotel, and office building. Results show that DER with combinedheat and power equipment is a promising efficiency and carbon mitigationstrategy, but that precise system design is necessary. Furthermore, aJapan-U.S. comparison study of policy, technology, and utility tariffsrelevant to DER installation is presented.

  11. An Optimization and Assessment on DG adoption in Japanese Prototype Buildings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nan Zhou; Chris Marnay; Ryan Firestone; Weijun Gao; Masaru Nishida

    This research investigates a method of choosing economically optimal DER, expanding on prior studies at the Berkeley Lab using the DER design optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds the optimal combination of installed equipment from available DER technologies, given prevailing utility tariffs, site electrical and thermal loads, and a menu of available equipment. It

  12. Building a prototype of a Martian base in Poland, an architectural design overview and progress report

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kozicki, Janek

    This talk focuses on recent advances in the construction of a prototype 1000 m2 Martian out-post for 8 inhabitants. The architectural design for such a Martian base has been presented previously on COSPAR 2008, the presentation being entitled ,,Architectural design proposal for a Martian base to continue NASA Mars Design Reference Mission". The presentation was welcomed with warm interest by various institutions, some of which offered help in building a prototype such as providing the building site or funding. This year's oral presentation will focus on a progress report and will briefly describe the architectural design. The architectural design is inspired by terrestrial pneumatic architecture. It has small volume, can be easily transported and provides a large habitable space. An architectural solution analo-gous to a terrestrial house with a studio and a workshop was assumed. The spatial placement of the following zones was carefully considered: residential, agricultural and science, as well as garage and workshop. Further attention was paid to transportation routes and a control and communications center. The issues of a life support system, energy, food, water and waste recycling were also discussed. This Martian base was designed to be crewed by a team of eight people to stay on Mars for at least one and a half year. An Open Plan architectural solution was assumed, with a high level of modularity. Walls of standardized sizes with zip-fasteners allow free rearrangement of the interior to adapt to a new situation. The prototype of such a Polish-origin Martian outpost will be used in a manner similar to MDRS or FMARS but to a larger extent. The prototype's design itself will be tested and corrected to achieve a design which can be used on Mars. The procedure of unfolding the pneumatic modules and floor leveling will be tested. The 1000 m2 interior will be used for various simulation exercises: socio-psychological testing, interior arrangement experiments, agricultural simulations, growing plants in Martian conditions and other kinds of tests. The presented prototype focuses on the ergonomic and psychological aspects of longer stay in a Martian environment. It provides the Martian crew with a comfortable habitable space larger than DRM modules. The practical proposal is to send this base to Mars in a DRM transpor-tation module after prototype testing is completed. The author hopes that this or other similar Martian base designs will help in establishing a permanent presence of humans on Mars.

  13. Analysis of Sodium Fire in the Containment Building of Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor Under the Scenario of Core Disruptive Accident

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. M. Rao; N. Kasinathan; S. E. Kannan

    2006-01-01

    The potential for sodium release to reactor containment building from reactor assembly during Core Disruptive Accident (CDA) in Fast Breeder Reactors (FBR) is an important safety issue with reference to the structural integrity of Reactor Containment Building (RCB). For Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR), the estimated sodium release under a CDA of 100 MJ energy release is 350 kg. The

  14. A future bamboo-structure residential building prototype in China: Life cycle assessment of energy use and carbon emission

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dongwei Yu; Hongwei Tan; Yingjun Ruan

    2011-01-01

    In this study, the material-based energy use and carbon emission over the life cycle of a bamboo-structure residential building prototype with innovative insulation technologies are analyzed. In comparison with a typical brick-concrete building, the bamboo-structure building requires less energy and emits less carbon dioxide to meet the identical functional requirements, i.e., envelope insulation and structure supporting. In order to systematically

  15. Development of Residential Prototype Building Models and Analysis System for Large-Scale Energy Efficiency Studies Using EnergyPlus

    SciTech Connect

    Mendon, Vrushali V.; Taylor, Zachary T.

    2014-09-10

    ABSTRACT: Recent advances in residential building energy efficiency and codes have resulted in increased interest in detailed residential building energy models using the latest energy simulation software. One of the challenges of developing residential building models to characterize new residential building stock is to allow for flexibility to address variability in house features like geometry, configuration, HVAC systems etc. Researchers solved this problem in a novel way by creating a simulation structure capable of creating fully-functional EnergyPlus batch runs using a completely scalable residential EnergyPlus template system. This system was used to create a set of thirty-two residential prototype building models covering single- and multifamily buildings, four common foundation types and four common heating system types found in the United States (US). A weighting scheme with detailed state-wise and national weighting factors was designed to supplement the residential prototype models. The complete set is designed to represent a majority of new residential construction stock. The entire structure consists of a system of utility programs developed around the core EnergyPlus simulation engine to automate the creation and management of large-scale simulation studies with minimal human effort. The simulation structure and the residential prototype building models have been used for numerous large-scale studies, one of which is briefly discussed in this paper.

  16. Are Americans more successful at building intercultural relations than Japanese? A comparison and analysis of acculturation outcomes in Japan.

    PubMed

    Komisarof, Adam

    2014-01-01

    Various Western and Japanese sources in the literature have concluded that Japanese people, who live in a nation with comparatively less ethnocultural diversity than the U.S., lag behind Americans in their capabilities to develop positive intercultural relations. To test these assumptions, this study compared the quality of acculturation outcomes between Japanese and Americans in Japan. Japanese and American scores were calculated for five dependent measures used to operationalize quality of intercultural relations. Four dependent variables revealed no significant differences. For the variable of organizational investiture, Japanese had significantly higher scores, so data were analyzed to discern why. PMID:25674456

  17. SERVICE LEARNING: A Comparative Study on the Compression Strength Properties of 3D-Printed Rapid Prototyped Components Utilizing Various Manufacturing Build Parameters

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donald W. Harby; Grant R. Townsend; Troy E. Ollison; Jeffrey M. Ulmer

    Industry relies upon rapidly produced structurally sound prototype components. 3D-printed rapid-prototyped components are easy to construct but are not widely accepted in industry as structurally sound viable alternatives to subtractive material machining methods. Through the statistical study of 3D-printed test cylinder specimens, greater understanding on the compressive strength properties of the technology was obtained by the effect of build orientation,

  18. A co-design prototyping approach for building a Precinct Planning Tool

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pettit, C. J.; Glackin, S.; Trubka, R.; Ngo, T.; Lade, O.; Newton, P.; Newman, P.

    2014-11-01

    As the world is becoming increasingly urbanized there is a need for more sustainability-oriented planning of our cities. Policy and decision-makers are interested in the use of evidenced based approaches and tools that will support collaborative planning. There are a number of tools in the domain of spatial planning and decision support systems that have been built over the last few decades but the uptake and use of these tools is somewhat limited. In the context of Australia there is significant urban growth occurring across the major cities and a need to provision planners and developers with precinct planning tools to assist in managing infill and the densification of the existing urban fabric in a carbon constrained economy. In this paper we describe the development of a new precinct planning tool known as the Envision Scenario Planner (ESP), which is being applied initially in two cities, Melbourne and Perth to assist in the urban design and planning of Greyfield sites. To set the scene in this paper we firstly provide a brief review of the existing state of play of visualization and modelling tools available to urban planners in Australia. The focus on the paper will be to introduce an iterative co-design prototyping approach for developing a best practice precinct planning support tool (ESP) from an earlier tool known as ENVISION. The first step of the approach is an exposure workshop with experts to refine the proposed tool workflow and its functionality. Subsequent iterations of the prototype are then exposed to larger audiences for validation and testing. In this paper we will describe the process and the preliminary findings in implementing the first phase of this iterative co-design prototype approach.

  19. Building and Calibration of a FAST Model of the SWAY Prototype Floating Wind Turbine: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Koh, J. H.; Robertson, A.; Jonkman, J.; Driscoll, F.; Ng, E. Y. K.

    2013-09-01

    Present efforts to verify and validate aero-hydro-servo-elastic numerical simulation tools that predict the dynamic response of a floating offshore wind turbine are primarily limited to code-to-code comparisons or code-to-data comparisons using data from wind-wave basin tests. In partnership with SWAY AS, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) installed scientific wind, wave, and motion measurement equipment on the 1/6.5th-scale prototype SWAY floating wind system to collect data to validate a FAST model of the SWAY design in an open-water condition. Nanyang Technological University (NTU), through a collaboration with NREL, assisted in this validation.

  20. Experimental Evaluation of a Device Prototype Based on Shape Memory Alloys for the Retrofit of Historical Buildings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cardone, Donatello; Sofia, Salvatore

    2012-12-01

    Metallic tie-rods are currently used in many historical buildings for absorbing the out-of-plane horizontal forces of arches, vaults and roof trusses, despite they exhibit several limitations under service and seismic conditions. In this paper, a post-tensioned system based on the superelastic properties of Ni-Ti shape memory alloys is proposed for improving the structural performances of traditional metallic tie-rods. First, the thermal behavior under service conditions is investigated based on the results of numerical and experimental studies. Subsequently, the seismic performances under strong earthquakes are verified trough a number of shaking table tests on a 1:4-scale timber roof truss model. The outcomes of these studies fully confirm the achievement of the design objectives of the proposed prototype device.

  1. Building XenoBuntu Linux Distribution for Teaching and Prototyping Real-Time Operating Systems

    E-print Network

    Litayem, Nabil; Saoud, Slim Ben

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the realization of a new Linux distribution based on Ubuntu Linux and Xenomai Real-Time framework. This realization is motivated by the eminent need of real-time systems in modern computer science courses. The majority of the technical choices are made after qualitative comparison. The main goal of this distribution is to offer standard Operating Systems (OS) that include Xenomai infrastructure and the essential tools to begin hard real-time application development inside a convivial desktop environment. The released live/installable DVD can be adopted to emulate several classic RTOS Application Program Interfaces (APIs), directly use and understand real-time Linux in convivial desktop environment and prototyping real-time embedded applications.

  2. Analysis of Sodium Fire in the Containment Building of Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor Under the Scenario of Core Disruptive Accident

    SciTech Connect

    Rao, P.M.; Kasinathan, N. [Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603 102 (India); Kannan, S.E. [Atomic Energy Regulatory Board, Niyamak Bhavan, Anushaktinagar, Mumbai 400 094 (India)

    2006-07-01

    The potential for sodium release to reactor containment building from reactor assembly during Core Disruptive Accident (CDA) in Fast Breeder Reactors (FBR) is an important safety issue with reference to the structural integrity of Reactor Containment Building (RCB). For Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR), the estimated sodium release under a CDA of 100 MJ energy release is 350 kg. The ejected sodium reacts easily with air in RCB and causes temperature and pressure rise in the RCB. For estimating the severe thermal consequences in RCB, different modes of sodium fires like pool and spray fires were analyzed by using SOFIRE -- II and NACOM sodium fire computer codes. Effects of important parameters like amount of sodium, area of pool, containment air volume and oxygen concentration have been investigated. A peak pressure rise of 7.32 kPa is predicted by SOFIRE II code for 350 kg sodium pool fire in 86,000 m{sup 3} RCB volume. Under sodium release as spray followed by unburnt sodium as pool fire mode analysis, the estimated pressure rise is 5.85 kPa in the RCB. In the mode of instantaneous combustion of sodium, the estimated peak pressure rise is 13 kPa. (authors)

  3. Developing a Philippine Cancer Grid. Part 1: Building a Prototype for a Data Retrieval System for Breast Cancer Research Using Medical Ontologies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Coronel, Andrei D.; Saldana, Rafael P.

    Cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the Philippines. Developed within the context of a Philippine Cancer Grid, the present study used web development technologies such as PHP, MySQL, and Apache server to build a prototype data retrieval system for breast cancer research that incorporates medical ontologies from the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS).

  4. Bridging Scales: Developing a Framework to Build a City-Scale Environmental Scenario for Japanese Municipalities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hashimoto, S.; Fujita, T.; Nakayama, T.; Xu, K.

    2007-12-01

    There is an ongoing project on establishing environmental scenarios in Japan to evaluate middle to long-term environmental policy and technology options toward low carbon society. In this project, the time horizon of the scenarios is set for 2050 on the ground that a large part of social infrastructure in Japan is likely to be renovated by that time, and cities are supposed to play important roles in building low carbon society in Japan. This belief is held because cities or local governments could implement various policies and programs, such as land use planning and promotion of new technologies with low GHG emissions, which produce an effect in an ununiform manner, taking local socio-economic conditions into account, while higher governments, either national or prefectural, could impose environmental tax on electricity and gas to alleviate ongoing GHG emissions, which uniformly covers their jurisdictions. In order for local governments to devise and implement concrete administrative actions equipped with rational policies and technologies, referring the environmental scenarios developed for the entire nation, we need to localize the national scenarios, both in terms of spatial and temporal extent, so that they could better reflect local socio-economic and institutional conditions. In localizing the national scenarios, the participation of stakeholders is significant because they play major roles in shaping future society. Stakeholder participation in the localization process would bring both creative and realistic inputs on how future unfolds on a city scale. In this research, 1) we reviewed recent efforts on international and domestic scenario development to set a practical time horizon for a city-scale environmental scenario, which would lead to concrete environmental policies and programs, 2) designed a participatory scenario development/localization process, drawing on the framework of the 'Story-and-Simulation' or SAS approach, which Alcamo(2001) proposed, and 3) started implementing it to the city of Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Japan, in cooperation with municipal officials and stakeholders. The participatory process is to develop city-scale environmental scenarios toward low carbon society, referring international and domestic environmental scenarios. Though the scenario development is still in process, it has already brought practical knowledge about and experience on how to bridge scenarios developed for different temporal and spatial scales.

  5. Building Language Blocks in L2 Japanese: Chunk Learning and the Development of Complexity and Fluency in Spoken Production

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taguchi, Naoko

    2008-01-01

    This pilot study examined the development of complexity and fluency of second language (L2) spoken production among L2 learners who received extensive practice on grammatical chunks as constituent units of discourse. Twenty-two students enrolled in an elementary Japanese course at a U.S. university received classroom instruction on 40 grammatical…

  6. Construction and operation of a support facilities (Building 729) for operation/testing of a prototype accelerator/storage ring (XLS) and machine shop for the National Synchrotron Light Source at Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York. Environmental assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-06-01

    Proposed action is to construct at BNL a 5,600-ft{sup 2} support building, install and operate a prototypic 200 MeV accelerator and a prototypic 700 MeV storage ring within, and to construct and operate a 15 kV substation to power the building. The accelerator and storage ring would comprise the x-ray lithography source or XLS.

  7. Construction and operation of a support facilities (Building 729) for operation/testing of a prototype accelerator/storage ring (XLS) and machine shop for the National Synchrotron Light Source at Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-06-01

    Proposed action is to construct at BNL a 5,600-ft[sup 2] support building, install and operate a prototypic 200 MeV accelerator and a prototypic 700 MeV storage ring within, and to construct and operate a 15 kV substation to power the building. The accelerator and storage ring would comprise the x-ray lithography source or XLS.

  8. Design and prototype of a partial window replacement to improve the energy efficiency of 90-year-old MIT buildings

    E-print Network

    Chen, YunJa

    2007-01-01

    The existing windows of the 90-year-old buildings on the main MIT campus are not energy efficient and compromise comfort levels. The single panes of glass allow too much heat transfer and solar heat gain. In addition, the ...

  9. Building a 3.5 m prototype interferometer for the Q & A vacuum birefringence experiment and high precision ellipsometry

    E-print Network

    Wu, J S; Chen, S J; Wu, Jeah-Sheng; Ni, Wei-Tou; Chen, Sheng-Jui

    2004-01-01

    We have built and tested a 3.5 m high-finesse Fabry-Perot prototype inteferometer with a precision ellipsometer for the QED test and axion search (Q & A) experiment. We use X-pendulum-double-pendulum suspension designs and automatic control schemes developed by the gravitational-wave detection community. Verdet constant and Cotton-Mouton constant of the air are measured as a test. Double modulation with polarization modulation 100 Hz and magnetic-field modulation 0.05 Hz gives 10^{-7} rad phase noise for a 44-minute integration.

  10. Japanese encephalitis.

    PubMed

    Scrimgeour, D

    2001-06-01

    A young couple come to see you for a pretravel consultation. They are planning to spend a month backpacking in Thailand over December and January. They have read about Japanese encephalitis in travel books and seek your advice on the need for vaccination against this disease. PMID:11458591

  11. Building blocks for actively-aligned micro-optical systems in rapid prototyping and small series production

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Böttger, Gunnar; Queisser, Marco; Arndt-Staufenbiel, Norbert; Schröder, Henning; Lang, K.-D.

    2015-03-01

    In recent years there has been considerable progress in utilizing fully automated machines for the assembly of microoptical systems. Such systems integrate laser sources, optical elements and detectors into tight packages, and efficiently couple light to free space beams, waveguides in optical backplanes, or optical fibers for longer reach transmission. The required electrical-optical and optical components are placed and aligned actively in more than one respect. For one, all active components are actually operated in the alignment process, and, more importantly, the placing of all components is controlled actively by camera systems and power detectors with live feedback for an optimal coupling efficiency. The total number of optical components typically is in the range of 5 to 50, whereas the number of actors with gripping tools for the actual handling and aligning is limited, with little flexibility in the gripping width. The assembly process therefore is strictly sequential and, given that an automated tool changing has not been established in this class of machines yet, there are either limitations in the geometries of components that may be used, or time-consuming interaction by human operators is needed. As a solution we propose and present lasered glass building blocks with standardized gripping geometries that enclose optical elements of various shapes and functionalities. These are cut as free form geometries with green short pulse and CO2 lasers. What seems to add cost at first rather increases freedom of design and adds an economical flexibility to create very hybrid assemblies of various micro-optical assemblies also in small numbers.

  12. Heating/daylighting prototype development. Phase I, Passive and Hybrid Solar Manufactured Building Project. Interim report and project status report No. 1, 1 October 1979-29 February 1980

    SciTech Connect

    Snyder, M.; Fraker, H.; Lindsey, L.; Braham, W.; Hallagan, W.; Huffman, J.

    1980-03-31

    Climatological data, both representative (typical) and extreme conditions, relevant to building energy use in Grandview, Missouri are presented. The energy-related characteristics of a particular building and its use are merged with ambient weather conditions. The graphs depict daily fluctuations in the major categories of building heating/cooling load for the experimental building (Roof Runner facility) at Butler Research Center. Data input include hourly weather and building occupancy schedules, the geometry and fixed thermal characteristics (component R-values, heat capacities, etc.) of the prototype structure, and variable conditions (status of moveable insulating shutters, HVAC operating modes, etc.). The prototype systems to be incorporated in the new Roof Runner building are shown. Both warehouse (no ceiling) and office (suspended ceiling) system types are included. The diagrams conceptually depict the heat flows in several representative operating modes, sampling the wide variety of operating conditions which will be evaluated during the testing phase of this project. Cost estimates for the designs selected for construction are provided. (MHR)

  13. Cyberguide: prototyping context-aware mobile applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sue Long; Dietmar Aust; Gregory Abowd; Chris Atkeson

    1996-01-01

    We are interested in prototyping future computing environments. In this paper, we present the Cyberguide project, which is building prototypes of handheld, intelligent tour guides that provide information to a tourist based on knowledge of position and orientation. We will describe features of existing Cyberguide prototypes and discuss important research issues that have emerged in contextaware applications development in a

  14. Rapid Prototyping Home Page

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This resource provides the latest developments in the fast paced field of rapid prototyping. What is rapid prototyping? Rapid prototyping takes virtual designs from computer aided design (CAD) or animation modeling software, transforms them into thin, virtual, horizontal cross-sections and then creates each cross-section in physical space, one after the next until the model is finished. It is a "WYSIWYG" process where the virtual model and the physical model correspond almost identically. With additive fabrication, the machine reads in data from a CAD drawing and lays down successive layers of liquid, powder, or sheet material, and in this way builds up the model from a series of cross sections. These layers, which correspond to the virtual cross section from the CAD model, are joined together or fused automatically to create the final shape. The primary advantage to additive fabrication is its ability to create almost any shape or geometric feature. This site has a great list of links.

  15. Japanese encephalitis

    PubMed Central

    Yun, Sang-Im; Lee, Young-Min

    2014-01-01

    Japanese encephalitis (JE) is an infectious disease of the central nervous system caused by Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), a zoonotic mosquito-borne flavivirus. JEV is prevalent in much of Asia and the Western Pacific, with over 4 billion people living at risk of infection. In the absence of antiviral intervention, vaccination is the only strategy to develop long-term sustainable protection against JEV infection. Over the past half-century, a mouse brain-derived inactivated vaccine has been used internationally for active immunization. To date, however, JEV is still a clinically important, emerging, and re-emerging human pathogen of global significance. In recent years, production of the mouse brain-derived vaccine has been discontinued, but 3 new cell culture-derived vaccines are available in various parts of the world. Here we review current aspects of JEV biology, summarize the 4 types of JEV vaccine, and discuss the potential of an infectious JEV cDNA technology for future vaccine development. PMID:24161909

  16. Prototype to Test WHY prototype to test

    E-print Network

    Prinz, Friedrich B.

    Prototype to Test METHOD WHY prototype to test HOW to prototype to test Prototyping to test or design space. The fundamental way you test your prototypes is by letting users experience them and react to them. In creating prototypes to test with users you have the opportunity to examine your solution

  17. Reinspiring Japanese Educational Objectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wada, Shuji

    1993-01-01

    Provides a brief overview of the history of modern Japanese education, its early modernization, and the policy of intertwining the Japanese ideology with Western technology. Proposes the establishment of a new Buddhist-inspired philosophy of education. (GLR)

  18. The Japanese Mind: Understanding Contemporary Japanese Culture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davies, Roger J., Ed.; Ikeno, Osamu, Ed.

    This collection of essays offers an overview of contemporary Japanese culture, and can serve as a resource for classes studying Japan. The 28 essays offer an informative, accessible look at the values, attitudes, behavior patterns, and communication styles of modern Japan from the unique perspective of the Japanese people. Filled with examples…

  19. Defining the Japanese OL Body Through Modern Advice Literature: Text and Images

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kaitlin L Harrison

    2012-01-01

    The OL (office lady) is the cultural prototype of the Japanese clerical worker who accounts for the vast majority of women working in white-collar companies after graduating from college until their mid thirties. The OL identity, as a behavior, image, and body is actively shaped and disciplined by Japanese popular culture and corporate culture, yet it is an identity surrounded

  20. An analysis of early stage prototypes using implementation, look and feel, and role

    E-print Network

    Hernley, Lauren R. (Lauren Renee)

    2011-01-01

    Identifying the purpose of a prototype is central to making informed decisions about the kind of prototype to build. Houde and Hill (1997) propose a model for classifying prototypes according to their purpose and the design ...

  1. Prototyping Symbolic Execution Engines for Interpreted Languages

    E-print Network

    Candea, George

    Prototyping Symbolic Execution Engines for Interpreted Languages Stefan Bucur Ă?cole Polytechnique are written in dynamic interpreted languages like Python. Building a new symbolic execution engine language specifications lead to their implementation in a symbolic execution engine potentially differing

  2. 197Japanese/Journalism and Mass Communications Japanese 311 (3)--Advanced Japanese I

    E-print Network

    Dresden, Gregory

    197Japanese/Journalism and Mass Communications Japanese 311 (3)--Advanced Japanese I Prerequisites and written responses to a variety of literary materials, including relevant journal and newspaperarticles.) Staff. Offeredwheninterestisexpressedanddepartmental resourcespermit. JOURNALISM AND MASS COMMUNICATIONS

  3. Advancing Japanese Electric Propulsion

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kimiya Komurasaki

    2007-01-01

    The electric propulsion attracts a lot of Japanese academic and engineers. On the basis of their achievements various kinds of electric propulsion are prepared for the microsatellites and operational in space. This paper reports the recent activities on the electric propulsion in Japanese universities, industries and JAXA.

  4. Japanese refrigerators field testing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1989-01-01

    Residential refrigerators consume the equivalent of 1700 megawatts (MW) of baseload power in the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) service area. Japanese manufacturers have designed refrigerator units that appear more energy efficient than some currently available American models. This report summarizes preliminary findings from field testing of 12 refrigerators of Japanese manufacture to evaluate annual kilowatt hour (kWh) use during actual

  5. Japanese Refrigerators Field Testing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Albert T

    1989-01-01

    Residential refrigerators consume the equivalent of 1700 megawatts (MW) of baseload power in the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) service area. Japanese manufacturers have designed refrigerator units that appear more energy efficient than some currently available American models. This report summarizes preliminary findings from field testing of 12 refrigerators of Japanese manufacture to evaluate annual kilowatt hour (kWh) use during actual

  6. Japanese Media in English.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tanaka, Sachiko Oda

    1995-01-01

    Describes the use of English in the media in Japan, focusing on the role and history of English-language newspapers, radio, and television programs, as well as the proliferation of English-language films shown in Japanese cinemas. Discusses the implications of English in the Japanese media. (20 references) (MDM)

  7. A Japanese Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeVito, Alfred; Ogawa, Masakata

    1989-01-01

    Presents a view of Japanese education based on the experiences and observations of an American educator. Explains cultural contrasts, educational aspects and model, and the question of discipline. A Japanese educator responds with a personal view on educational equality in ability. (RT)

  8. Japanese American Identity Dilemma.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maykovich, Minako K.

    The major theme of this book is the label "Quiet American" for the Japanese American. In order to locate Japanese Americans sociologically and psychologically in the structure of American society, various concepts such as "marginal man,""alienation," and "inauthenticity" are examined, specifying these concepts as they are used in different…

  9. a Refining Method for Building Object Aggregation and Footprint Modelling Using Multi-Source Data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Y.; Zhu, L.; Shimamura, H.; Tachibana, K.

    2012-07-01

    Automatically detection, extraction and re-construction of 3D building modelling are difficult yet potentially high-payoff challenges for photogrammetric applications. Solution usually requires integrating various sources, including LIDAR, imagery, and digital surface models (DSM). However, highly automated and robust geometric modelling remains unsolved. We will present a 2D modelling technique which represents a building's outline in an as-is way. It gives visually accurate corners and lines for buildings. Aerial remotely sensed imagery and a DSM are used to detect and segment building masks. A refining footprint modelling is implemented through line modelling, edge refining, and segment merging and generating. A district grouping based main orientation algorithm is proposed. This approach has the ability of successive improvement, moving from a prototype to a subtle end product. Experiments with Japanese data show that the models generated automatically fit the manual models very well.

  10. Rapid prototyping applications for manufacturing

    SciTech Connect

    Atwood, C.L.; Maguire, M.C.; Pardo, B.T.; Bryce, E.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1996-01-01

    Recent advances in stereolithography and selective laser sintering have had a significant impact on the overall quality of parts produced using these rapid prototyping processes. The development and implementation of 3D System`s QuickCast{sup TM} resin and software for building investment casting patterns have proven to be major steps toward fabricating highly accurate patterns with very good surface finishes. As participants in the Beta test program for QuickCast{sup TM} resin and software, we experienced a steep learning curve and were able to build accurate parts in a short period of time. It is now possible using this technology to produce highly accurate prototype parts as well as acceptable first article and small lot size production parts. We use the Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) process to fabricate prototype wax patterns for investment casting. DTM Corporation recently introduced the use of their polycarbonate material for fabricating investment casting patterns. The polycarbonate material is processed significantly faster with improved strength, dimensional stability, and without a support structure during the build process. Sandia is currently changing from investment casting wax to polycarbonate for the fabrication of investment casting patterns using the SLS process. This report will focus on our successes with these new materials from the standpoints of application, accuracy, surface finish, and post processing. Also presented will be examples of parts manufactured by these processes. 6 refs., 10 figs.

  11. Considerations and selection of optimal orientation for different rapid prototyping systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Xu; H. T. Loh; Y. S. Wong

    1999-01-01

    The ability to evaluate and determine the best part building orientation for different rapid prototyping (RP) processes is important for building a satisfactory part\\/prototype within the limits of manufacturing time and building cost. It is also an essential step towards the identification of the most suitable RP process with a given RP application. This paper discusses the selection of building

  12. The evolution of Japanese management: lessons for U.S. managers.

    PubMed

    Marsland, S; Beer, M

    1983-01-01

    To find the key to the success of Japanese economic performance since World War II, Marsland and Beer explore five main "environmental" factors used by Japanese firms to build a successful human resources management approach: Japanese social values, the structure of private enterprise, the structure of labor markets, the historic development of the Japanese employment system, and the structure of Japanese management. This discussion shows that post-war Japanese management, faced with rapid change, introduced new concepts and techniques that reinforced and maintained certain social values and traditions that fit well with human resources management objectives. This skillful blend of new ideas with traditional values enabled the Japanese to achieve superior economic performance. PMID:10259590

  13. Japanese resource dependence

    SciTech Connect

    Sim, R.W.

    1982-03-01

    This thesis is an examination of Japan's strategic resource dependence and her reliance of the three raw materials-rich regions of Southeast Asia (ASEAN), the Persian Gulf, and Southern Africa. A discussion of the Japanese formula for securing resources in the less developed countries of the 'South' is included along with a brief overview of her onshore resource utilization in business/industry. The roles of direct foreign investment, official development assistance, energy conservation, and Japanese multinationalization are discussed.

  14. Rapid prototype and test

    SciTech Connect

    Gregory, D.L.; Hansche, B.D.

    1996-06-01

    In order to support advanced manufacturing, Sandia has acquired the capability to produce plastic prototypes using stereolithography. Currently, these prototypes are used mainly to verify part geometry and ``fit and form`` checks. This project investigates methods for rapidly testing these plastic prototypes, and inferring from prototype test data actual metal part performance and behavior. Performances examined include static load/stress response, and structural dynamic (modal) and vibration behavior. The integration of advanced non-contacting measurement techniques including scanning laser velocimetry, laser holography, and thermoelasticity into testing of these prototypes is described. Photoelastic properties of the epoxy prototypes to reveal full field stress/strain fields are also explored.

  15. The energy performance of prototype holographic glazings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Papamichael, K.; Beltran, L.; Furler, R.; Lee, E. S.; Selkowitz, S.; Rubin, M.

    1993-02-01

    We report on the simulation of the energy performance of prototype holographic glazings in commercial office buildings in a California climate. These prototype glazings, installed above conventional side windows, are designed to diffract the transmitted solar radiation and reflect it off the ceiling, providing adequate daylight illumination for typical office tasks up to 10m from the window. In this study, we experimentally determined a comprehensive set of solar-optical properties and characterized the contribution of the prototype holographic glazings to workplane illuminance in a scale model of a typical office space. We then used the scale model measurements to simulate the energy performance of the holographic glazings over the course of an entire year for four window orientations (North, East, South and West) for the inland Los Angeles climate, using the DOE-2.lD building energy analysis computer program. The results of our experimental analyses indicate that these prototype holographic glazings diffract only a small fraction of the incident light. The results of this study indicate that these prototype holographic glazings will not save energy in commercial office buildings. Their performance is very similar to that of clear glass, which, through side windows, cannot efficiently illuminate more than a 4-6 m depth of a building's perimeter, because the cooling penalties due to solar heat gain are greater than the electric lighting savings due to daylighting.

  16. Japanese industrial research on lean combustion: A case study: International Research Monitoring Program

    SciTech Connect

    Hane, G.J.; Hutchinson, R.A.

    1987-08-01

    In recent years, Japanese automakers have introduced a number of successful lean-combustion engines. These engines, in addition to the general expertise in building small cars, have made the Japanese automobiles into the gas mileage champions of the US market. The lean-combustion engines also provide very satisfactory performance and acceptable emissions. United States automakers and research managers, who were probably better informed about lean-combustion than the Japanese were, actively investigated lean-combustion but did not develop an engine. This report examines the basis for the Japanese innovations, the research that took the Japanese past the US state of the art to permit engine development. A preliminary review of recent (1980s) Japanese literature did not turn up strong evidence of new research activity in the lean-combustion area, but did provide background on new engines developed by several major manufacturers. The study was conducted solely through the Japanese and US published literature, with emphasis on early research conducted in the 1970s. This report presents an example of how Japanese research progress can be examined by reviewing the Japanese research literature. Although useful information was obtained by this method, it is still difficult to get a complete picture. When reviewing the literature, as was done for this report, one must remember that the marginal use of references by Japanese researchers obscures prior work, as does the tendency of the Japanese to publish several articles on similar or identical topics. 50 refs., 15 figs.

  17. Rapid Prototyping: Lessons Learned

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. Scott Gordon; James M. Bieman

    1995-01-01

    Rapid prototyping is a development method that may or may not be e ective in improving software products and process. Assessing the e ectiveness of rapid prototyping requires empirical data. We analyze 39 published and unpublished \\\\real world\\

  18. Variable property rapid prototyping

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Neri Oxman

    2011-01-01

    Additive prototyping technologies have become an efficient and common means to deliver geometrically precise functional prototypes in relatively short periods of time. Most such technologies, however, remain limited to producing single-material, constant-property prototypes from a restricted range of materials. Inspired by Nature, where form is characterized by heterogeneous compositions, the paper presents a novel approach to layered manufacturing entitled variable

  19. Japanese firms and the decline of the Japanese expatriate

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul W. Beamish; Andrew C. Inkpen

    1998-01-01

    Conventional wisdom holds that Japanese firms use large numbers of expatriates and are reluctant to allow local nationals a significant role in subsidiary management. Japanese firms have been criticized for their unwillingness to capitalize on the internal diversity in their international managerial ranks. It has been suggested that a rice paper ceiling in Japanese firms restricts local managers from advancement

  20. Technological Diversification of Japanese Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kodama, Fumio

    1986-01-01

    Describes an approach for measuring industrial technological diversification behavior. Identifies sectoral patterns of Japanese industry as related to diversification behaviors. Delineates the mechanisms and effectiveness of Japanese corporate and government policies relevant to diversification. (ML)

  1. New Frontiers for Japanese Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tucker, Frank H.

    1974-01-01

    Japanese literature, television, movies, and school texts from 1935 to 1955 are analyzed for their influence and contribution to Japanese youths' pioneering spirit and frontiermindedness. "Asian Affairs" is published by the American-Asian Educational Exchange, New York. (DE)

  2. Polygonaceae (Smartweed family) Japanese knotweed

    E-print Network

    -seed- ed, shiny, dark brown to black, three-sided fruit. Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb. & Zucc Japanese;Polygonaceae (Smartweed family) Japanese knotweed continued Similar weeds Giant knotweed (P. sachalinense F. W

  3. Japanese Ant Image Database

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The 2003 revised edition of the Japanese Ant Image Database was developed under the direction of the Japanese Ant Database Group (JADG). The website, which merges taxonomic information and stunning photographs, will no doubt delight myrmecologists and others. Information about different types of ants can be accessed through browseable, hyperlinked lists organized by subfamily, genus, and species. Genus and species profiles include images, references, descriptive information, simple distribution maps, and more. The site includes a Japanese Ant Image Library with hundreds of quality images, and a smaller SEM Image Library as well. The site also offers sections with Type Specimens and Taxonomic Keys. Please note that the site has not been updated since 2003; there are future plans to revisit the project when updates and corrections become necessary.

  4. Comparison of postmenopausal endogenous sex hormones among Japanese, Japanese Brazilians, and non-Japanese Brazilians

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Motoki Iwasaki; Yoshio Kasuga; Shiro Yokoyama; Hiroshi Onuma; Hideki Nishimura; Ritsu Kusama; Gerson Shigeaki Hamada; Ines Nobuko Nishimoto; Maria Socorro do Maciel; Juvenal Motola Jr; Fábio Martins Laginha; Roberto Anzai; Shoichiro Tsugane

    2011-01-01

    Background  Differences in sex hormone levels among populations might contribute to the variation in breast cancer incidence across countries.\\u000a Previous studies have shown higher breast cancer incidence and mortality among Japanese Brazilians than among Japanese. To\\u000a clarify the difference in hormone levels among populations, we compared postmenopausal endogenous sex hormone levels among\\u000a Japanese living in Japan, Japanese Brazilians living in the

  5. LSST data pipeline prototyping plans and strategy

    SciTech Connect

    Abdulla, G M; Brase, J; Cook, K; Miller, M

    2004-05-27

    In this document we describe our approach and strategy for building the prototype for the image-stream analysis data pipeline. We start by describing the main research areas upon which we will be focusing; we then describe our plans on how to carry these research ideas to implement the data pipeline.

  6. Rapid Prototyping of an Intelligent Tutorial System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pamela J. Woods; James R. Warren

    1995-01-01

    Today there are few Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS) available that can teach outside a specialised domain. In the 90's, the hardware limitations of speed, memory capacity and cost are reducing, but the software still needs to be streamlined. We need to build tools that enable rapid prototyping of tutoring systems over a range of domains. We argue that such systems

  7. Affordable Housing for Artists: A Sustainable Prototype 

    E-print Network

    Ness, M.

    1998-01-01

    will demonstrate how a building can both meet the needs of its inhabitants and practice sustainable principles in a beautiful design. This Austin, Texas model can be used as a prototype for similar housing in other cities and for other environmentally friendly...

  8. ReMail: a reinvented email prototype

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven L. Rohall; Dan Gruen; Paul Moody; Martin Wattenberg; Mia Stern; Bernard Kerr; Bob Stachel; Kushal Dave; Robert Armes; Eric Wilcox

    2004-01-01

    The Collaborative User Experience Research group has been investigating how people use email and how we might design and build a better email system. In this demonstration, we will show a prototype email client developed as part of a larger project on \\

  9. Utilizing Rapid Prototyping for Architectural Modeling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirton, E. F.; Lavoie, S. D.

    2006-01-01

    This paper will discuss our approach to, success with and future direction in rapid prototyping for architectural modeling. The premise that this emerging technology has broad and exciting applications in the building design and construction industry will be supported by visual and physical evidence. This evidence will be presented in the form of…

  10. Japanese Experiences: "Hentai" Narratives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kama, Amit

    2011-01-01

    For those acquainted with Japanese lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) issues, "Queer Voices from Japan" can be good reading. But with only 1 of its 22 chapters informative for researchers, those interested in LGBT youth studies will only indirectly gain insight into a non-Western perspective on youth and sexuality.

  11. Japanese Experiences: Hentai Narratives

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amit Kama

    2011-01-01

    For those acquainted with Japanese lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) issues, Queer Voices from Japan can be good reading. But with only 1 of its 22 chapters informative for researchers, those interested in LGBT youth studies will only indirectly gain insight into a non-Western perspective on youth and sexuality.

  12. Japanese Foreign Minister Nobutaka

    E-print Network

    China Iter Defense and Foreign Policy FAMU01 Thu, 5 May 2005 04:46:59 GMT © AFP TOP | | | | | | | | | | | | Press Review The Business Connection Front Page Defense and Foreign Policy Politics and Society StyleJapanese Foreign Minister Nobutaka Machimura told reporters in Paris Wednesday that he wanted

  13. ‘Spring Showers’ Japanese Snowbell

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A Japanese snowbell (Styrax japonicus) cultivar was released in 2011 by the U.S. National Arboretum. ‘Spring Showers’ was selected from a group of open-pollinated seedlings for its delayed bud break, which allows it to escape damage from late spring freezes. It has grown to 12 ft tall and 8 ft wid...

  14. JAPANESE KNOTWEED OPERATIONAL PROCEDURE

    E-print Network

    Harman, Neal.A.

    . Sustainability Officer Approved by: Heidi Smith PURPOSE: To control the Japanese Knotweed growth on Campus be classed as controlled waste but may be hazardous if herbicide is present. #12;Swansea University PROCEDURE been treated with certain herbicides, may be classified as hazardous waste. EFFECTS & ACTIONS ON NON

  15. Reciprocal Predicates in Japanese.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ishii, Yasuo

    A study of reciprocals in Japanese compares two kinds: (1) a verbal suffix "aw"; and (2) an NP argument "otagai." Although "otagai" appears to be taken care of by syntactic binding theory, it is proposed that there is no evidence for the existence of a syntactic position of the object NP in the case of "aw." The suffix can be characterized as…

  16. The Uniqueness of EFL Teachers: Perceptions of Japanese Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Joseph J.

    2010-01-01

    Building on the work of Borg (2006), this article reports on a study of Japanese English as a foreign language (EFL) learners' perceptions of some of the unique characteristics of EFL teachers that distinguish them from teachers of other subjects. The data were collected by means of a questionnaire to which 163 college-level EFL students in Japan…

  17. Software Infrastructure and Tools for the TRIPS Prototype

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bill Yoder; Jim Burrill; Robert McDonald; Kevin Bush; Katherine Coons; Mark Gebhart; Sibi Govindan; Bertrand Maher

    The TRIPS hardware prototype is the first instantiation of anExplicit Data Graph Execution (EDGE) architecture. Building the com piler, toolset, and system software for the prototype required sup porting the system's unique dataflow construction, its banked registerand memory configurations, and its novel Instruction Set Architecture . In particu- lar, the TRIPS ISA includes (i) a block atomic execution mode l,

  18. PERTS: A Prototyping Environment for Real-Time Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Liu, Jane W. S.; Lin, Kwei-Jay; Liu, C. L.

    1991-01-01

    We discuss an ongoing project to build a Prototyping Environment for Real-Time Systems, called PERTS. PERTS is a unique prototyping environment in that it has (1) tools and performance models for the analysis and evaluation of real-time prototype systems, (2) building blocks for flexible real-time programs and the support system software, (3) basic building blocks of distributed and intelligent real time applications, and (4) an execution environment. PERTS will make the recent and future theoretical advances in real-time system design and engineering readily usable to practitioners. In particular, it will provide an environment for the use and evaluation of new design approaches, for experimentation with alternative system building blocks and for the analysis and performance profiling of prototype real-time systems.

  19. Occupancy Based Fault Detection on Building Level - a Feasibility Study 

    E-print Network

    Tuip, B.; Houten, M.; Trcka, M.; Hensen, M.

    2010-01-01

    Buildings rarely perform as designed. Improving building functioning could be of great value for different stakeholders as building users, building owners and maintenance companies. In this study, a prototype procedure is developed for an on...

  20. PERTS: A Prototyping Environment for Real-Time Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Liu, Jane W. S.; Lin, Kwei-Jay; Liu, C. L.

    1993-01-01

    PERTS is a prototyping environment for real-time systems. It is being built incrementally and will contain basic building blocks of operating systems for time-critical applications, tools, and performance models for the analysis, evaluation and measurement of real-time systems and a simulation/emulation environment. It is designed to support the use and evaluation of new design approaches, experimentations with alternative system building blocks, and the analysis and performance profiling of prototype real-time systems.

  1. Detraditionalisation: Japanese Students in the USA.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ueno, Junko

    2001-01-01

    Focuses on the identity formation of Japanese students temporarily living in the United States. The students were enrolled in Japanese Saturday school and in American public schools. Student interviews reveal a mixture of Japanese and American characteristics. Suggests Japanese students do not reject either culture--Japanese or American--but that…

  2. WIRE BOARD PROTOTYPING METHOD

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Kussul

    2006-01-01

    The modern development of new electronic devices requires rapid manufacturing of their prototypes. Printed circuit boards (PCB) used for this purpose are expensive and, as a rule, time consuming. PCB milling machines are also expensive. Here we propose a wire board manufacturing method that could be used in any laboratory for rapid prototyping of electronic devices. This method allows us

  3. Japanese technology assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Albus, J.

    1986-01-01

    This series of studies assesses Japanese technology in four of today's most visible high-technology areas. Selected part and chapter titles: COMPUTER SCIENCE - Artificial Intelligence and Man-Machine Interface, Processor Architecture and Computer Organization; OPTO- and MICROELECTRONICS - Metal Contacts to III-V Semi-conductors, Josephson Devices and Technology; MECHATRONICS - Flexible Manufacturing Systems Development, Manipulators/Actuators; BIOTECHNOLOGY - Genetic Information Transfer Biosensors.

  4. Health Information in Japanese (???): MedlinePlus

    MedlinePLUS

    ... ??? (Japanese) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations Motor Vehicle Safety Safety with Car Seats and Booster Seats ... Japanese) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations Traumatic Brain Injury Brain Scan ??????? - ??? (Japanese) Bilingual PDF Health ...

  5. The development of Web-based e-business system for rapid prototyping manufacturing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ren C. Luo; Jyh-Hwa Tzou; Chih-Chin Lan

    2003-01-01

    Rapid prototyping (RP) is an automated manufacturing process that quickly builds physical models from CAD files of 3D prototypes. An effective slicing algorithm is necessary for rapid prototyping system. The bucket sorting algorithm is used in the slicing pre-processing for enhancing the search speed. The slicing time ratio can reduce to near 25% with 5 buckets according to the simulation

  6. Designing for participation in local social ridesharing networks: grass roots prototyping of IT systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Margot Brereton; Sunil Ghelawat

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the possibility of a grass roots approach to engaging people in community change initiatives by designing simple interactive exploratory prototypes for use by communities over time that support shared action. The prototype is gradually evolved in response to community use, fragments of data gathered through the prototype, and participant feedback with the goal of building participation in

  7. The Japanese Education System is a Failure, Say Some Japanese.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bracey, Gerald W.

    1997-01-01

    A Japanese editorial in an English-language daily harshly criticized Japanese education's failure to enhance students' spirit of independence; develop critical and artistic thinking skills; and promote social awareness and an international viewpoint. The United States finished fourth out of 60 in the (unpublicized) International Math Olympiad.…

  8. Studies on Plutonium Burning in the Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor Monju

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Udo Wehmann; Hidehito Kinjo; Takeshi Kageyama

    2002-01-01

    Studies have been performed on plutonium burning in the Japanese prototype fast breeder reactor Monju. The main aims of these studies were to illustrate the plutonium-burning capabilities of fast reactors and to investigate the consequences of the related core design measures on the main core characteristics of Monju. Burner cores with diluting pins, with diluting subassemblies (also called diluents), and

  9. Counseling Japanese Men on Fathering

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seto, Atsuko; Becker, Kent W.; Akutsu, Motoko

    2006-01-01

    The authors review an article (J. Yamamoto & F. Tagami, 2004) published in the "Japanese Journal of Counseling Science" that described changes in contemporary Japanese family structures and illustrated a therapy process with a father to enhance the father-son relationship. Implications for the counseling profession in working with men on…

  10. Issei: Japanese Immigrants in Hawaii.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kimura, Yukiko

    Coming to Hawaii before July 1, 1924, when the Japanese Exclusion Act became effective, the experiences of the Issei or first generation are described. Divided into four parts, this book examines the experiences of Japanese immigrants in Hawaii from 1885 through 1970. Part 1, "The Formation and Stabilization of the Issei Community," explores the…

  11. Inequities in Japanese Urban Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, June A.

    2005-01-01

    Interviews with Japanese public school educators allow a distinctive view of how the continuing economic decline in Japan has affected educational motivation and decision-making among students and parents. The nature of socioeconomic stratification within Japanese educational opportunity is seen as a continuing situation exacerbated by the costs…

  12. Asian Pacific Perspectives: Japanese Americans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Los Angeles Unified School District, CA.

    These instructional materials on Japanese Americans for elementary students were developed through the K.E.Y.S. project (Knowledge of English Yields Success). Information is included on early immigrants, their historical and cultural background, and current problems of Japanese Americans. Resource guides describe the purpose of the unit, how to…

  13. Inequities in Japanese Urban Schools

    Microsoft Academic Search

    June A. Gordon

    2005-01-01

    Interviews with Japanese public school educators allow a distinctive view of how the continuing economic decline in Japan has affected educational motivation and decision-making among students and parents. The nature of socioeconomic stratification within Japanese educational opportunity is seen as a continuing situation exacerbated by the costs of education in a context of chronic economic uncertainty.

  14. Japanese space activities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Matsui, Takashi

    Japanese space activities are based on principles of peaceful use, response to advancing and diversifying needs, and consistency with the goals of international society. Commercial space activities in Japan include several communications satellites and broadcasting satellites utilized by the private sector. The budget in the public sector in FY 1992 is 189.5 billion yen, an increase of 6.7% over the last fiscal year. The latest notable results in the space science field are the aurora phenomena images taken by the ultraviolet TV camera and a series of soft X-ray images of solar coronas, observed by the satellites EXOS-D and SOLAR-A launched in 1989 and 1991 respectively. GEOTAIL, the geomagnetic tail observation satellite, will be launched this year as a joint project between ISAS and NASA. For Earth observation, JERS-1 was launched this February. The high-resolution optical images and all-weather Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images from it are to be distributed for research on the Earth environment, surveys of Earth resources, and so on. The currently operating meteorological satellite, GMS-4, is in good condition. Its valuable meteorological data is continuously used not only in Japan but also in the Asian/Pacific countries. Earth observation programs are becoming more important for the Mission to Planet Earth due to their global observation capabilities. The Space Station/Japanese Experiment Module (JEM) program is now entering the manufacturing phase, and half of its total development cost has already been authorized in the budget.

  15. Laboratory prototype flash evaporator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gaddis, J. L.

    1972-01-01

    A laboratory prototype flash evaporator that is being developed as a candidate for the space shuttle environmental control system expendable heat sink is described. The single evaporator configuration uses water as an evaporant to accommodate reentry and on-orbit peak heat loads, and Freon 22 for terrestrial flight phases below 120,000 feet altitude. The design features, fabrication techniques used for the prototype unit, redundancy considerations, and the fluid temperature control arrangement are reported in detail. The results of an extensive test program to determine the evaporator operational characteristics under a wide variety of conditions are presented.

  16. Prototyping the Future

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1998-01-01

    Advanced Ceramics Research (ACR) of Tucson, Arizona, researches transforming scientific concepts into technological achievement. Through the SBIR (Small Business Innovative Research) program, ACR developed a high pressure and temperature fused deposition system, a prototyping system that is known as extrusion freeform fabrication. This system is useful in manufacturing prosthetics. ACR also developed a three-dimensional rapid prototyping process in which physical models are quickly created directly from computer generated models. Marshall Space Flight Center also contracted ACR to fabricate a set of ceramic engines to be appraised for a solar thermal rocket engine test program.

  17. Evaluating Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) as Modifying Factor in Designing Public School Buildings in Jordan 

    E-print Network

    Ali, H. H.; Al-Momani, H.

    2004-01-01

    in away to minimize and control the source of pollution. Around 29% of Jordanians occupy school buildings each day. A specific prototype building design was applied in the different locations of the country. This prototype could be appropriate for one...

  18. Japanese viral encephalitis

    PubMed Central

    Tiroumourougane, S; Raghava, P; Srinivasan, S

    2002-01-01

    One of the leading causes of acute encephalopathy in children in the tropics is Japanese encephalitis (JE). Transmitted by the culex mosquito, this neurotropic virus predominately affects the thalamus, anterior horns of the spinal cord, cerebral cortex, and cerebellum. It mainly affects children <15 years and is mostly asymptomatic. The occasional symptomatic child typically presents with a neurological syndrome characterised by altered sensorium, seizures, and features of intracranial hypertension. Aetiological diagnosis is based on virus isolation or demonstration of virus specific antigen or antibodies in the cerebrospinal fluid/blood. Though no antiviral drug is available against JE, effective supportive management can improve the outcome. Control of JE involves efficient vector control and appropriate use of vaccines. PMID:11930023

  19. Japanese Encephalitis Vaccines

    PubMed Central

    McArthur, Monica A.; Holbrook, Michael R.

    2012-01-01

    Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a significant human health concern in Asia, Indonesia and parts of Australia with more than 3 billion people potentially at risk of infection with Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), the causative agent of JE. Given the risk to human health and the theoretical potential for JEV use as a bioweapon, the development of safe and effective vaccines to prevent JEV infection is vital for preserving human health. The development of vaccines for JE began in the 1940s with formalin-inactivated mouse brain-derived vaccines. These vaccines have been shown to induce a protective immune response and to be very effective. Mouse brain-derived vaccines were still in use until May 2011 when the last lots of the BIKEN® JE-VAX® expired. Development of modern JE vaccines utilizes cell culture-derived viruses and improvements in manufacturing processes as well as removal of potential allergens or toxins have significantly improved vaccine safety. China has developed a live-attenuated vaccine that has proven to induce protective immunity following a single inoculation. In addition, a chimeric vaccine virus incorporating the prM and E structural proteins derived from the live-attenuated JE vaccine into the live-attenuated yellow fever 17D vaccine virus backbone is currently in clinical trials. In this article, we provide a summary of JE vaccine development and on-going clinical trials. We also discuss the potential risk of JEV as a bioweapon with a focus on virus sustainability if used as a weapon. PMID:23125946

  20. Path planning effect for the accuracy of rapid prototyping system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    You-Min Huang; Hsiang-Yao Lan

    2006-01-01

    Stereolithography (SL) is one of the rapid prototyping (RP) systems that use liquid photopolymer resin as the raw material\\u000a for building prototypes. The photopolymer type of the RP system employs lasers to selectively expose the surface of the liquid\\u000a resin. The absorbance of energy leads to photo-polymerization that transfers the liquid resin into solid. Subsequently, the\\u000a phenomenon of volume shrinkage

  1. MIND performance and prototyping

    SciTech Connect

    Cervera-Villanueva, A. [Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, C.S.I.C.- Universidad de Valencia (Spain)

    2008-02-21

    The performance of MIND (Magnetised Iron Neutrino Detector) at a neutrino factory has been revisited in a new analysis. In particular, the low neutrino energy region is studied, obtaining an efficiency plateau around 5 GeV for a background level below 10{sup -3}. A first look has been given into the detector optimisation and prototyping.

  2. Cost Effective Prototyping

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wickman, Jerry L.; Kundu, Nikhil K.

    1996-01-01

    This laboratory exercise seeks to develop a cost effective prototype development. The exercise has the potential of linking part design, CAD, mold development, quality control, metrology, mold flow, materials testing, fixture design, automation, limited parts production and other issues as related to plastics manufacturing.

  3. GRAPE-6: A Petaflops Prototype

    E-print Network

    Piet Hut; Jeffrey M. Arnold; Junichiro Makino; Stephen L. W. McMillan; Thomas L. Sterling

    1997-04-18

    We present the outline of a research project aimed at designing and constructing a hybrid computing system that can be easily scaled up to petaflops speeds. As a first step, we envision building a prototype which will consist of three main components: a general-purpose, programmable front end, a special-purpose, fully hardwired computing engine, and a multi-purpose, reconfigurable system. The driving application will be a suite of particle-based large-scale simulations in various areas of physics. The prototype system will achieve performance in the $\\sim 50 - 100$ teraflops range for a broad class of applications in this area. The combination of a hardwired petaflops-class computational engine and a front end with sustained speed on the order of 10 gigaflops can produce extremely high performance, but only for the limited class of problems in which there exists a single bottleneck with computing cost dominating the total. While the calculation for which the Grape-4 (our system's immediate predecessor) was designed is a prime example of such a problem, in many other applications the primary computational bottleneck, while still related to an inverse-square (gravitational, Coulomb, etc.) force, requires less than 99% of the computing power. Although the remainder of the CPU time is typically dominated by just one secondary bottleneck, its nature varies greatly from problem to problem. It is not cost-effective to attempt to design custom chips for each new problem that arises. FPGA-based systems can restore the balance, guaranteeing scalability from the teraflops to the petaflops domain, while still retaining significant flexibility. (abbreviated abstract)

  4. The LUX Prototype Detector

    E-print Network

    Akerib, D S; Bedikian, S; Bernstein, A; Bolozdynya, A; Bradley, A; Cahn, S; Carr, D; Chapman, J J; Clark, K; Classen, T; Curioni, A; Dahl, C E; Dazeley, S; deViveiros, L; Dragowsky, M; Druszkiewicz, E; Fiorucci, S; Gaitskell, R J; Hall, C; Faham, C; Holbrook, B; Kastens, L; Kazkaz, K; Kwong, J; Lander, R; Leonard, D; Malling, D; Mannino, R; McKinsey, D N; Mei, D; Mock, J; Morii, M; Nikkel, J; Phelps, P; Shutt, T; Skulski, W; Sorensen, P; Spaans, J; Steigler, T; Svoboda, R; Sweany, M; Thomson, J; Tripathi, M; Walsh, N; Webb, R; White, J; Wolfs, F L H; Woods, M; Zhang, C

    2012-01-01

    The LUX (Large Underground Xenon) detector is a two-phase xenon Time Projection Chamber (TPC) designed to search for WIMP-nucleon dark matter interactions. As with all noble element detectors, continuous purification of the detector medium is essential to produce a large ($>$1ms) electron lifetime; this is necessary for efficient measurement of the electron signal which in turn is essential for achieving robust discrimination of signal from background events. In this paper we describe the development of a novel purification system deployed in a prototype detector. The results from the operation of this prototype indicated heat exchange with an efficiency above 94% up to a flow rate of 42 slpm, allowing for an electron drift length greater than 1 meter to be achieved in approximately two days and sustained for the duration of the testing period.

  5. Ghana Watershed Prototype Products

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    U.S. Geological Survey

    2007-01-01

    Introduction/Background A number of satellite data sets are available through the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) for monitoring land surface features. Representative data sets include Landsat, Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER), and Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM). The Ghana Watershed Prototype Products cover an area within southern Ghana, Africa, and include examples of the aforementioned data sets along with sample SRTM derivative data sets.

  6. Wet chemistry instrument prototype

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1974-01-01

    A wet chemistry instrument prototype for detecting amino acids in planetary soil samples was developed. The importance of amino acids and their condensation products to the development of life forms is explained. The characteristics of the instrument and the tests which were conducted to determine the materials compatibility are described. Diagrams are provided to show the construction of the instrument. Data obtained from the performance tests are reported.

  7. Stereolithography and Rapid Prototyping

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David W. Rosen

    Stereolithography is a “rapid prototyping” or additive manufacturing process that has been used to fabricate 3D and high aspect\\u000a ratio microstructures for customized packaging of microfluidic devices and microsensors. Microstereolithography denotes a\\u000a collection of processes and technologies that can fabricate devices and packages with improved resolution, with features down\\u000a to 1 ?m in size. We show the feasibility of the

  8. Majorana Thermosyphon Prototype Experimental Setup

    SciTech Connect

    Reid, Douglas J.; Guzman, Anthony D.; Munley, John T.

    2011-08-01

    This report presents the experimental setup of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR thermosyphon prototype cooling system. A nitrogen thermosyphon prototype of such a system has been built and tested at PNNL. This document presents the experimental setup of the prototype that successfully demonstrated the heat transfer performance of the system.

  9. Homogamy and Intermarriage of Japanese and Japanese Americans with Whites Surrounding World War II

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ono, Hiromi; Berg, Justin

    2010-01-01

    Although some sociologists have suggested that Japanese Americans quickly assimilated into mainstream America, scholars of Japanese America have highlighted the heightened exclusion that the group experienced. This study tracked historical shifts in the exclusion level of Japanese and Japanese Americans in the United States surrounding World War…

  10. A Cross-National Analysis of the Japanese Character among Japanese-Americans in Honolulu

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuroda, Yasumasa; And Others

    1978-01-01

    Attitudinal aspects of Japanese culture are focused upon in order to examine to what extent and in what ways Japanese character is found among Japanese Americans in Honolulu. Several suggestions are offered as to what constitute good indicators of the extent to which Japanese characteristics are maintained. (Author/GC)

  11. Walkthrough—a dynamic graphics system for simulating virtual buildings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frederick P. Brooks Jr.

    1987-01-01

    As part of our graphics research into virtual worlds, we are building a tool for an architect and his client to use for rapid prototyping of buildings by visually “walking through” them in order to refine specifications.Our first prototype simulated the new UNC Computer Science building with some 8000 polygons. BSP-tree software on the Adage Ikonas gave a colored, shaded

  12. Demonstrating a Realistic IP Mission Prototype

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rash, James; Ferrer, Arturo B.; Goodman, Nancy; Ghazi-Tehrani, Samira; Polk, Joe; Johnson, Lorin; Menke, Greg; Miller, Bill; Criscuolo, Ed; Hogie, Keith

    2003-01-01

    Flight software and hardware and realistic space communications environments were elements of recent demonstrations of the Internet Protocol (IP) mission concept in the lab. The Operating Missions as Nodes on the Internet (OMNI) Project and the Flight Software Branch at NASA/GSFC collaborated to build the prototype of a representative space mission that employed unmodified off-the-shelf Internet protocols and technologies for end-to-end communications between the spacecraft/instruments and the ground system/users. The realistic elements used in the prototype included an RF communications link simulator and components of the TRIANA mission flight software and ground support system. A web-enabled camera connected to the spacecraft computer via an Ethernet LAN represented an on-board instrument creating image data. In addition to the protocols at the link layer (HDLC), transport layer (UDP, TCP), and network (IP) layer, a reliable file delivery protocol (MDP) at the application layer enabled reliable data delivery both to and from the spacecraft. The standard Network Time Protocol (NTP) performed on-board clock synchronization with a ground time standard. The demonstrations of the prototype mission illustrated some of the advantages of using Internet standards and technologies for space missions, but also helped identify issues that must be addressed. These issues include applicability to embedded real-time systems on flight-qualified hardware, range of applicability of TCP, and liability for and maintenance of commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) products. The NASA Earth Science Technology Office (ESTO) funded the collaboration to build and demonstrate the prototype IP mission.

  13. The Life Cycle of the Japanese Family.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kumagai, Fumie

    1984-01-01

    Analyzes the existing Japanese population data, focusing on changes in the timing of events in a family life cycle of Japanese women. Analysis revealed that the overall pattern of the family career of Japanese women today closely resembles that of their American and Canadian counterparts. (LLL)

  14. Chromosome abnormalities in Japanese quail embryos

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Chromosome abnormalities in Japanese quail embryos CA de la Sena NS Fechheimer KE Nestor The Ohio-Auzeville, 10-13 July 1990) Japanese quail / embryos / heteroploidy / chromosomes INTRODUCTION Embryos zygotes and the etiology of heteroploid zygotes and embryos (Fechheimer, 1981, 1990). The Japanese quail

  15. Generations and Identity: The Japanese American.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kitano, Harry H. L.

    The story of people of Japanese descent in the United States is told in its historic context. The Japanese came to America with cultural values that differed greatly from the mainstream U.S. society. They were also set apart by appearance. Conflict between Japan and the United States exacerbated the problems between the Japanese Americans and the…

  16. The Nonacademic Curriculum of the Japanese Preschool.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peach, Mark

    1994-01-01

    Japanese nursery school and kindergarten activities are designed to facilitate the socialization of Japanese children. The culture of the home and the culture of the school (and by extension the rest of Japanese society) are so different from each other that it is believed the open and unselfconscious help of the education system is necessary to…

  17. Japanese/Korean Linguistics, Volume 8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silva, David J., Ed.

    A collection of research in Japanese and Korean linguistics includes: "Repetition, Reformulation, and Definitions: Prosodic Indexes of Elaboration in Japanese" (Mieko Banno); "Projection of Talk Using Language, Intonation, Deictic and Iconic Gestures and Other Body Movements" (Keiko Emmett); "Turn-taking in Japanese Political Debate: Syntax,…

  18. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey W. N. Manning, Photographer, March ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey W. N. Manning, Photographer, March 14, 1935 VIEW IN DINING ROOM SHOWING JAPANESE CHINA CLOSET, S.W. - John Bullard House, Harrogate Springs Road vicinity, Wetumpka, Elmore County, AL

  19. Physical Building Information Modeling for Solar Building Design and Simulation- Annual Report 2011 

    E-print Network

    Yan, W.; Haberl, J.; Clayton, M.; Jeong, W.; Kim, J.; Kota, S.; Alcocer, J.; Dixit, M.

    2011-01-01

    and Modelica to integrate building thermal and daylighting (and later BIPV) simulations. Experiments on utilizing Modelica for daylighting and BIPV simulations will be conducted in the next phase of the project. 1.4 Prototyping – P-BIM a) Solar thermal... simulation prototypes We have further researched the method of our P-BIM prototype using Autodesk Revit, its API and ASHRAE Loads Toolkit, and found the advantages and limitations. ASHRAE Loads Toolkit is a well-developed building load calculation package...

  20. Internet Banking System Prototype

    E-print Network

    Alnaqeib, Rami; Jalab, Hamid A; Zaidan, M A; Hmood, Ali K

    2010-01-01

    Internet Banking System refers to systems that enable bank customers to access accounts and general information on bank products and services through a personal computer or other intelligent device. Internet banking products and services can include detailed account information for corporate customers as well as account summery and transfer money. Ultimately, the products and services obtained through Internet Banking may mirror products and services offered through other bank delivery channels. In this paper, Internet Banking System Prototype has been proposed in order to illustrate the services which is provided by the Bank online services.

  1. AMS Prototyping Activities

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Burleigh, Scott

    2008-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the activity around the Asynchronous Message Service (AMS) prototype. An AMS reference implementation has been available since late 2005. It is aimed at supporting message exchange both in on-board environments and over space links. The implementation incoroporates all mandatory elements of the draft recommendation from July 2007: (1) MAMS, AMS, and RAMS protocols. (2) Failover, heartbeats, resync. (3) "Hooks" for security, but no cipher suites included in the distribution. The performance is reviewed, and a Benchmark latency test over VxWorks Message Queues is shown as histograms of a count vs microseconds per 1000-byte message

  2. Safety design of prototype fast breeder reactor

    SciTech Connect

    Bhoje, S.B.; Chetal, S.C.; Singh, Om Pal [Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam (India)

    2004-07-01

    The basic design and safety design of Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR) is presented. Design aspects covered include safety classification, seismic categorization, design basis conditions, design safety limits, core physics, core monitoring, shutdown system, decay heat removal system, protection against sodium leaks and tube leaks in steam generator, plant layout, radiation protection, event analysis, beyond design basis accidents, integrity of primary containment, reactor containment building and design pressure resulting from core disruptive accident. The measures provided in the design represent a robust case of the safety of the reactor. (authors)

  3. Other Japanese Educations and Japanese Education Otherwise. Review Essay

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Takayama, Keita

    2011-01-01

    Education in the United States was in a state of "crisis" at the time of the 1983 release of "A Nation at Risk," the landmark report on the US education reform. This was the time when the rising Japanese economy started threatening the post-war US economic dominance and conservative figures such as Ronald Reagan gained popular support. Subsequent…

  4. Path planning in the Proteus rapid prototyping system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Konstantinos A. Tarabanis

    2001-01-01

    Presents algorithms for determining the paths employed by the Proteus rapid prototyping system when building three-dimensional parts. Proteus is a fused deposition modeling system that extrudes a thermoplastic in beads through a nozzle. Determines within each layer of the layered manufacturing process, the material deposition paths as well as the regions where local structures are required to support these paths.

  5. Optimal path planning in Rapid Prototyping based on genetic algorithm

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yang Weidong

    2009-01-01

    One of important researches in rapid prototyping (RP) is to optimize the path planning which affects the efficiency and building quality of RP system. But it is very difficult to solve its optimization by traditional methods. Genetic algorithms (GAs) are excellent approaches to solving these complex problems in optimization with difficult constraints. The classic path-planning optimization problem has been shown

  6. Interactive Poster: Visualizations in the ReMail Prototype

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven L. Rohall

    Over the past several years, the Collaborative User Experience research group, in conjunction with the Lotus Software division of IBM, has been investigating how people use email and how we might design and build a better email system. In this demonstration, we will show a prototype email client developed as part of a larger project on \\

  7. Mortality among Japanese Zen priests.

    PubMed

    Ogata, M; Ikeda, M; Kuratsune, M

    1984-06-01

    A cohort study was done on 1396 deaths seen among 4352 Japanese male Zen priests during a follow up period from 1 January 1955 to 31 December 1978. Standardised mortality ratios were computed for major causes of death by comparing with the counterparts of the general Japanese male population. The SMR for all causes of death was 0.82 (p less than 0.001) and the SMR values for cerebrovascular diseases, pneumonia and bronchitis, peptic ulcer, liver cirrhosis, cancer of the respiratory organs, and cancer of the lung were all significantly smaller than unity. Taking regional mortality differences into account, a similar computation was made dividing the cohort into two subcohorts--that is, the priests living in eastern Japan and those in western Japan. Both subcohorts showed a highly significantly smaller SMR than unity for all causes of death. With the exception of only a few causes of death for which the observed number of deaths was small, they also showed such reduced SMRs for nearly all of the causes of death tested. A questionnaire survey on the current life style of active priests showed that they smoke less, eat less, meat and fish as they follow the more traditional Japanese dietary habits, and live in less polluted areas, but their drinking habits do not differ much from that of the average Japanese adult man. Possible reasons for their reduced mortality are discussed. PMID:6747517

  8. Overview of Japanese aerospace plane

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamanaka, Tatsuo

    1992-12-01

    The Japanese NAL, NASDA, and ISAS agencies have undertaken development of a Highly Maneuverable Experimental Spaceplane ('HIMES') which will integrate hypersonic technologies currently under development. A development status evaluation of these activities is presented. Attention is given to the configurational features of HIMES, its aerodynamic developmental tests to date, structures and materials considerations, flight control/guidance systems, airbreathing propulsion options, and CFD modeling.

  9. Recent Advances in Japanese Encephalitis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tom Solomon

    2003-01-01

    Japanese encephalitis (JE), the most important cause of epidemic encephalitis worldwide, is confined to Asia, but its geographical area is spreading. West Nile virus, and other closely related flaviviruses, cause similar disease elsewhere. Recent cryoelectron microscopic studies have characterized the flavivirus en- velope protein as a new class of viral fusion protein (class II), and examined its arrangement on the

  10. The Effects of Japanese Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cummings, William K.

    In this paper, selected evidence on the effects of Japanese schools is presented. The author believes that Japan is one modern society where the schools have fostered individual and social development. The primary focus is on the effects for individuals in the area of cognitive skills, motivation, educational and occupational attainments, and…

  11. Japanese Industry Boosts Pollution Spending

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McAbee, Michael K.

    1975-01-01

    In response to tightening emission standards imposed by the government, Japanese industry will increase its capital spending on pollution control equipment to account for about 20 percent of all industrial capital spending. Preferential treatment and loans from government-affiliated financial institutions are available for projects. (Author/MLH)

  12. The Japanese Domestic Labor Debate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ueno, Chizuko

    The changing role of Japanese women can be seen in the stages of a domestic labor debate which occurred at three different times in the past 30 years. The first debate began with Ayako Ishigaki's (1955) insistence that women should have a job outside the home. Wartime production helped break down traditional divisions of labor by encouraging women…

  13. Dilemmas of Japanese Professional Women.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osako, Masako Murakami

    1978-01-01

    Despite advanced industrialization, Japanese women are subjected to occupational inequality by businesses that place them on a career track separate from men in terms of wages, promotion, and retirement and by a cultural environment that fosters the values of motherhood and stresses female authority only in domestic situations. (WI)

  14. Power Play: The Japanese Situation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sharon Beder

    2006-01-01

    The Japanese electricity industry is currently being gradually deregulated in the hopes that high electricity prices can be reduced. At the same time the government is keen to encourage more use of nuclear power. It is aiming to reuse nuclear fuel in order to close the nuclear fuel cycle and thereby reduce Japan’s reliance on imports to fuel electricity generation.1

  15. The Secret of Japanese Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goya, Susan

    1993-01-01

    Japanese students are tracked, not into different programs within a school, but into entirely different high schools--academic, vocational, and commercial--that educate them poorly. Virtually 100% of public school graduates would fail college entrance exams without the "juku," or cram school. Reforms are not imminent, since the current system…

  16. Ptolemy: A Mixed-Paradigm Simulation\\/Prototyping Platform in C

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David G. Messerschmitt; Edward A. Lee; Joseph Buck; Soonhoi Ha

    1991-01-01

    ABSTRACT Ptolemy is a flexible and extensible platform for simulations, rapid prototyping, and other software systems. It is our third generation software environment, building on our experience with Blosim, a signal processing simulation system, and Gabriel, a prototyping environment for real-time signal processing. Unlike its predecessors, Ptolemy does not enforce a single simulation or execution model; it supports mixed hardware

  17. The Development of Multimedia Hypermedia Applications as Evolutionary, Prototyping-Based Requirements Engineering

    E-print Network

    Berry, Daniel M.

    The Development of Multimedia Hypermedia Applications as Evolutionary, Prototyping in building multimedia hypermedia applications is that of understanding what is needed, i.e., of understanding the requirements and (2) that the development of multimedia hypermedia is essentially the engineering

  18. SXI prototype mirror mount

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    The purpose of this contract was to provide optomechanical engineering and fabrication support to the Solar X-ray Imager (SXI) program in the areas of mirror, optical bench and camera assemblies of the telescope. The Center for Applied Optics (CAO) worked closely with the Optics and S&E technical staff of MSFC to develop and investigate the most viable and economical options for the design and fabrication of a number of parts for the various telescope assemblies. All the tasks under this delivery order have been successfully completed within budget and schedule. A number of development hardware parts have been designed and fabricated jointly by MSFC and UAH for the engineering model of SXI. The major parts include a nickel electroformed mirror and a mirror mount, plating and coating of the ceramic spacers, and gold plating of the contact rings and fingers for the camera assembly. An aluminum model of the high accuracy sun sensor (HASS) was also designed and fabricated. A number of fiber optic tapers for the camera assembly were also coated with indium tin oxide and phosphor for testing and evaluation by MSFC. A large number of the SXI optical bench parts were also redesigned and simplified for a prototype telescope. These parts include the forward and rear support flanges, front aperture plate, the graphite epoxy optical bench and a test fixture for the prototype telescope. More than fifty (50) drawings were generated for various components of the prototype telescope. Some of these parts were subsequently fabricated at UAH machine shop or at MSFC or by the outside contractors. UAH also provide technical support to MSFC staff for a number of preliminary and critical design reviews. These design reviews included PDR and CDR for the mirror assembly by United Technologies Optical Systems (UTOS), and the program quarterly reviews, and SXI PDR and CDR. UAH staff also regularly attended the monthly status reviews, and made a significant number of suggestions to improve the design, assembly and alignment of the telescope. Finally, a high level assembly and alignment plan for the entire telescope was prepared by UAH. This plan addresses the sequence of assembly, the required assembly and alignment tolerances, and the methods to verify the alignment at each step during the assembly process. This assembly and alignment plan will be used to assemble and integrate the engineering model (EM) of the telescope. Later on, based on this plan more detailed assembly and alignment procedures will be developed for the lower-level assemblies of SXI.

  19. Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report, Reference Volume 2: Final residential and commercial building prototypes and DOE-2.1E developed UECs and EUIs; Part 2

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-04-01

    This section contains the detailed measured impact results and market segment data for each DSM case examined for this building type. A complete index of all base and measure cases defined for this building type is shown first. This index represents an expansion of the base and measure matrix presented in Table 1 (residential) or Table 2 (commercial) for the applicable sector. Following this index, a summary report sheet is provided for each DSM measure case in the order shown in the index. The summary report sheet contains a host of information and selected graphs which define and depict the measure impacts and outline the market segment data assumptions utilized for each case in the DBEDT DSM Forecasting models. The variables and figures included in the summary report sheet are described. Numerous tables and figures are included.

  20. Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report, Reference Volume 2: Final residential and commercial building prototypes and DOE-2.1E developed UECs and EUIs; Part 3

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-04-01

    This section contains the detailed measured impact results and market segment data for each DSM case examined for this building type. A complete index of all base and measure cases defined for this building type is shown first. This index represents an expansion of the base and measure matrix presented in Table 1 (residential) or Table 2 (commercial) for the applicable sector. Following this index, a summary report sheet is provided for each DSM measure case in the order shown in the index. The summary report sheet contains a host of information and selected graphs which define and depict the measure impacts and outline the market segment data assumptions utilized for each case in the DBEDT DSM Forecasting models. The variables and figures included in the summary report sheet are described. Numerous tables and figures are included.

  1. MARKET POTENTIAL AND THE LOCATION OF JAPANESE INVESTMENT IN THE EUROPEAN UNION

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    Okuda, chairman of Toyota, used the statement above to justify Toyota's decision to build a factory share of the Japanese car manufacturer in France (1%) and in Europe in general (3%).1 The Toyota example market access. The man- agers of Toyota apparently thought that their existing pro- duction sites

  2. Oracy and Literacy Practices in a Japanese Kindergarten: A Theoretical Examination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shirakawa, Yoko; Iwahama, Rieko

    2009-01-01

    This article first introduces oracy and literacy education practices in a Japanese kindergarten classroom. The authors then take up three episodes of oral interactions between five-year-old children and their teachers and examined the meaning of these oracy activities as children's building the base in the literacy world. Finally, the authors…

  3. Increasing Social Capital for Disaster Response through Social Networking Services (SNS) in Japanese Local Governments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexander R. M. Schellong; J. W. Goethe

    Researchers have argued that social networks within a community have positive effects on people's behavior in the four stages of disaster. The Japanese government is testing Social Networking Service (SNS) at the municipal level with the intention to improve community building, democratic processes and disaster management. This paper presents results from two case studies of local SNS in Yatsushiro city,

  4. Japanese set to direct `sun-power' nuclear reactor in France September 16, 2005

    E-print Network

    Japanese set to direct `sun-power' nuclear reactor in France September 16, 2005 Japan has been develop three generations of nuclear reactors and includes six low-capacity experimental reactors and a 17 asked to nominate the chief of an international project to build a multi- billion-dollar nuclear fusion

  5. Automated Japanese Essay Scoring System based on Articles Written by Experts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tsunenori Ishioka; Masayuki Kameda

    2006-01-01

    We have developed an automated Japanese essay scoring system called Jess. The sys- tem needs expert writings rather than ex- pert raters to build the evaluation model. By detecting statistical outliers of prede- termined aimed essay features compared with many professional writings for each prompt, our system can evaluate essays. The following three features are exam- ined: (1) rhetoric —

  6. JAPANESE FATHERS IN THE UNITED STATES: NEGOTIATING DIFFERENT CULTURAL EXPECTATIONS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    YUKA ABE

    Japanese fathers residing abroad have not been given much attention in Japanese scholarship. In this study, I examine how Japanese fathers in the United States negotiate between Japanese and American cultural expectations regarding fatherhood. Relying on a symbolic interactionist perspective, and through qualitative research involving in-depth interviews with 24 Japanese fathers who live in the United States for business, I

  7. Prototyping with microsoft .net gadgeteer

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicolas Villar; James Scott; Steve Hodges

    2011-01-01

    Microsoft .NET Gadgeteer is a new prototyping platform that makes it easier to construct, program and shape new kinds of computing objects. It is comprised of modular hardware, software libraries and 3D CAD support. Together, these elements support the key activities involved both in the rapid prototyping and the small-scale production of custom embedded, interactive and connected devices. We propose

  8. A Data and Knowledge Management System for Intelligent Buildings 

    E-print Network

    Hong, J.; Chen, Z.; Li, H.; Xu, Q.

    2006-01-01

    This paper describes a novel prototype of lifecycle information management and knowledge utilization of intelligent buildings. There is a comprehensive summary of the types of information and knowledge of intelligent buildings in their lifecycles...

  9. Prototype solar power satellite options

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sperber, B. R.; Drexler, K. E.

    1980-01-01

    The choice of options for the prototype solar power satellite is addressed relative to risk and cost. Emphasis is placed on the reduction of the risk of failure. Risk is the program cost multiplied by the reduction in probability of program success due to the risky action. Four classes of risk are identified. It is suggested that prototyping would reduce the technical risk as well as reduce the effects of the other three types of risk by allowing them to be quantified earlier. Prototype demonstration requirements addressed include electromagnetic power link feasibility demonstration, component integration verification, construction technology verification, and cost performance verification. Specific prototype requirements are listed and prototyping options are given in tabular form.

  10. Computational Building Requirements Specification 1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ömer Akin; Michael Cumming; Magd Donia; Rana Sen; Ye Zhang

    We have been exploring appropriate computational techniques to help building designers specify design requirements during the early stages of design. SEED-Pro (the architectural programming module of SEED -- Software Environment to Support Early Phases in Building Design), is a working prototype for building design requirements specification. The core functionalities of SEED-Pro operate in an interactive mode relying on a case-based

  11. [Japanese demography: paradoxes and perspectives].

    PubMed

    Gilgenkrantz, Simone

    2009-10-01

    Japan is one of the most densely-populated countries with a population estimated at 127.4 millions and an average density of 337 persons per square kilometer. But the National Institute of Population and Social Security Research is concerned: since 1950, the total fertility rate is declining and some pessimistic projections predict the japanese population extinction to 3000. During 2008, several reports, based on the major results of 2005 census, analyse population process components and establish projections based on alternative assumptions, looking for solutions limiting the population dependency ratio. On the site of the National Institute of Population and Social Security Research, the population pyramids are shown from 1930 to 2055. Recently, the French National Institute for demographic studies gave a comprehensive report on the Japanese demographic status, explaining the possible consequences for the country's demographic future. PMID:19849991

  12. [Japanese encephalitis in Southern Europe].

    PubMed

    Cleton, Natalie; Koopmans, Marion; Braks, Marieta; Van Maanen, Kees; Reusken, Chantal

    2014-07-01

    In 2012, a fragment of the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) genome was isolated from a pool of Culex pipiens mosquitoes caught in 2010 and 2011 in Northern Italy. JEV has a broad geographical distribution in South and Southeast Asia and Oceania, and is the most important cause of viral encephalitis in Asia in humans and also causes encephalitis in horses and fertility problems in pigs. However, recently isolated JEV genome fragments in mosquitoes in Italy could be an indication of repeated introduction of JEV, enzootic circulation of JEV or a related virus in Southern Europe. Until more information is available, Japanese encephalitis remains a travel-related infectious disease for travellers to JEV endemic and epidemic areas outside of Europe. PMID:25090898

  13. Mitochondrial DNA polymorphism in Japanese

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Satoshi Horai; Ei Matsunaga

    1986-01-01

    Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from 116 Japanese was analyzed with nine restriction enzymes that recognize a four or five base pair sequence. The sizes of the mtDNA fragments produced by digestion by each enzyme were compared after gel electrophoresis. Double digestion experiments indicated that, in the coding region from URF2 (unidentified reading frame) to tRNAAsn (bp 5274–5691), there is an insertion

  14. Mitochondrial DNA polymorphism in Japanese

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Satoshi Horai; Takashi Gojobori; Ei Matsunaga

    1984-01-01

    The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from 120 Japanese was analysed with 15 restriction enzymes that recognize six base pairs, of which 11 enzymes showed at least one atypical cleavage pattern. Digestion patterns with HincII and HaeII were highly polymorphic. The observed restriction enzyme morphs were classified into 22 types of distinct cleavage patterns. By pairwise comparison of each restriction type, the

  15. Virtual acoustic prototyping

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johnson, Marty

    2003-10-01

    In this paper the re-creation of 3-D sound fields so the full psycho-acoustic impact of sound sources can be assessed before the manufacture of a product or environment is examined. Using head related transfer functions (HRTFs) coupled with a head tracked set of headphones the sound field at the left and right ears of a listener can be re-created for a set of sound sources. However, the HRTFs require that sources have a defined location and this is not the typical output from numerical codes which describe the sound field as a set of distributed modes. In this paper a method of creating a set of equivalent sources is described such that the standard set of HRTFs can be applied in real time. A structural-acoustic model of a cylinder driving an enclosed acoustic field will be used as an example. It will be shown that equivalent sources can be used to recreate all of the reverberation of the enclosed space. An efficient singular value decomposition technique allows the large number of sources required to be simulated in real time. An introduction to the requirements necessary for 3-D virtual prototyping using high frequency Statistical Energy Analysis models will be presented. [Work supported by AuSim and NASA.

  16. A Sustainable Southwest Japanese Garden

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Rhonda Spidell

    Project Description (Microsoft Word 14kB Jan26 10) Water collection and usage in the Sustainable SW Japanese Garden The Albuquerque Water Authority has several activities on their web site to help with making a personal water audit, selecting xeriscape plants, designing garden areas as well as forms for rebates. We used the ABQ Water Authority design format to calculate which plants to install. Students start with a personal water audit and then move to the design of the garden. Personal water audit http://www.abcwua.org/Understanding_Your_Bill.aspx Techniques to consevere water outdoors http://www.abcwua.org/Save_Water_Outdoors.aspx Planning Xeriscape - students create their own personal garden and we transfer the concepts to the Japanese Garden. We are looking at Japanese design elements with a SW flare and thereby modeling what the internees did when they were limited to the surrounding rock, vegetation and water collection. http://www.abcwua.org/Xeriscaping.aspx Calculating roof area using a Google satellite image We use a measurable square on the pathway for the scale and then we calculate the square feet of the roof area. A transparency is used to overlay the image and calculate the water harvest. Calculating the capacity of the 1500 gallon cistern in terms of water needed per plant Students experiment with buckets to see ascertain the best collection site. The water is measured after rainfalls and compared to the weather data collected by the NOAA.

  17. Compliment Responses: Comparing American Learners of Japanese, Native Japanese Speakers, and American Native English Speakers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tatsumi, Naofumi

    2012-01-01

    Previous research shows that American learners of Japanese (AJs) tend to differ from native Japanese speakers in their compliment responses (CRs). Yokota (1986) and Shimizu (2009) have reported that AJs tend to respond more negatively than native Japanese speakers. It has also been reported that AJs' CRs tend to lack the use of avoidance or…

  18. Elementary Japanese I Enjoy learning online from a native Japanese speaker with long

    E-print Network

    JPNS 101 Elementary Japanese I ONLINE! Enjoy learning online from a native Japanese speaker by learning online. (4 credits, transferable). JPNS 102 Elementary Japanese I M,T,W,TH 10:00 ­ 10:50 a.m. & 11 and vocabulary sufficient to maintain a conversation and understanding at an elementary level. Learn to read

  19. Foraging search: Prototypical intelligence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mobus, George

    2000-05-01

    We think because we eat. Or as Descartes might have said, on a little more reflection, "I need to eat, therefore I think." Animals that forage for a living repeatedly face the problem of searching for a sparsely distributed resource in a vast space. Furthermore, the resource may occur sporadically and episodically under conditions of true uncertainty (nonstationary, complex and non-linear dynamics). I assert that this problem is the canonical problem solved by intelligence. It's solution is the basis for the evolution of more advanced intelligence in which the space of search includes that of concepts (objects and relations) encoded in cortical structures. In humans the conscious experience of searching through concept space we call thinking. The foraging search model is based upon a higher-order autopoeitic system (the forager) employing anticipatory processing to enhance its success at finding food while avoiding becoming food or having accidents in a hostile world. I present a semi-formal description of the general foraging search problem and an approach to its solution. The latter is a brain-like structure employing dynamically adaptive neurons. A physical robot, MAVRIC, embodies some principles of foraging. It learns cues that lead to improvements in finding targets in a dynamic and nonstationary environment. This capability is based on a unique learning mechanism that encodes causal relations in the neural-like processing element. An argument is advanced that searching for resources in the physical world, as per the foraging model, is a prototype for generalized search for conceptual resources as when we think. A problem represents a conceptual disturbance in a homeostatic sense. The finding of a solution restores the homeostatic balance. The establishment of links between conceptual cues and solutions (resources) and the later use of those cues to think through to solutions of quasi-isomorphic problems is, essentially, foraging for ideas. It is a quite natural extension of the fundamental foraging model.

  20. Early Prototyping Human-Centered

    E-print Network

    Agogino, Alice M.

    of a prototype is the art of identifying the most important open design questions." ­ Houde and Hill ­ What do, tactile, functional ­! e.g., 3D physical models of style or function !! Integration ­! combination of sub

  1. Prototyping practices in electromechanical startups

    E-print Network

    Chu, Angela (Angela J.)

    2014-01-01

    Electromechanical startups contend with signicant uncertainty, especially in early stages of development. Prototyping is a critical component through the product development process, and when employed eciently, can act as ...

  2. Fundamental Frequency Range in Japanese and English: The Case of Simultaneous Bilinguals.

    PubMed

    Graham, Calbert

    2014-01-01

    This article reports an experiment to test whether Japanese and English speakers vary their fundamental frequency (f0) range as a function of the language spoken. Speech samples of Japanese-(American) English simultaneous bilinguals (5 males, 5 females; all undergraduates at UC Berkeley) performing comparable reading tasks in their two native languages were analysed. The study builds on a relatively new approach to measuring f0 range that computes its high and low points from tonal targets in the intonational phonology. Unlike in most previous studies where f0 range is traditionally treated as a one-dimensional measure, f0 range in this study is measured along two quasi-independent dimensions: level and span. Findings revealed statistically significant crosslanguage differences between Japanese and English in both dimensions. This provides new insights into the relation between prosodic structure and f0 range in these two typologically different prosodic systems. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel. PMID:25997935

  3. Biotechnology, Video Games, Rapid Prototyping

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The ATETV project delivers web-based videos to connect students to careers in advanced technology. This episode of ATETV deals with biotechnology, video game design, and rapid prototyping. It can be viewed whole or in three segments: "Biotechnology Student Marina Watanabe on Why She Chose to Attend a Community College," "Video Game Design Student Brent Parsons on the Growing Market for Computer Simulations," and "What is Rapid Prototyping?" The running time for the full episode is 8:29.

  4. Acculturation of Personality: A Three-Culture Study of Japanese, Japanese Americans, and European Americans.

    PubMed

    Güngör, Derya; Bornstein, Marc H; De Leersnyder, Jozefien; Cote, Linda; Ceulemans, Eva; Mesquita, Batja

    2013-07-01

    The present study tests the hypothesis that involvement with a new culture instigates changes in personality of immigrants that result in (a) better fit with the norms of the culture of destination and (b) reduced fit with the norms of the culture of origin. Participants were 40 Japanese first-generation immigrants to the United States, 57 Japanese monoculturals, and 60 U.S. monoculturals. All participants completed the Jackson Personality Inventory (JPI) as a measure of the Big Five; immigrants completed the Japanese American Acculturation Scale. Immigrants' fits with the cultures of destination and origin were calculated by correlating Japanese American mothers' patterns of ratings on the Big Five with the average patterns of ratings of European Americans and Japanese on the same personality dimensions. Japanese Americans became more "American" and less "Japanese" in their personality as they reported higher participation in the U.S. culture. The results support the view that personality can be subject to cultural influence. PMID:23935211

  5. Acculturation of Personality: A Three-Culture Study of Japanese, Japanese Americans, and European Americans

    PubMed Central

    Güngör, Derya; Bornstein, Marc H.; De Leersnyder, Jozefien; Cote, Linda; Ceulemans, Eva; Mesquita, Batja

    2013-01-01

    The present study tests the hypothesis that involvement with a new culture instigates changes in personality of immigrants that result in (a) better fit with the norms of the culture of destination and (b) reduced fit with the norms of the culture of origin. Participants were 40 Japanese first-generation immigrants to the United States, 57 Japanese monoculturals, and 60 U.S. monoculturals. All participants completed the Jackson Personality Inventory (JPI) as a measure of the Big Five; immigrants completed the Japanese American Acculturation Scale. Immigrants’ fits with the cultures of destination and origin were calculated by correlating Japanese American mothers’ patterns of ratings on the Big Five with the average patterns of ratings of European Americans and Japanese on the same personality dimensions. Japanese Americans became more “American” and less “Japanese” in their personality as they reported higher participation in the U.S. culture. The results support the view that personality can be subject to cultural influence. PMID:23935211

  6. Recognition of Japanese finger spelling gestures using neural networks.

    PubMed

    Machacon, H T C; Shiga, S

    2010-05-01

    Effective communication with the hearing and speech impaired often requires at least a basic working knowledge of sign language gestures, without which a memo pad and pen, or a mobile phone's notepad is indispensable. The aim of this study was to build a neural network that could be used to recognize static finger-hand gestures of the yubimoji, the Japanese sign language syllabary. To build the network, signal inputs from a data glove interface were taken for each of the static yubimoji gestures. The network was trained and tested 10 times using a multilayer perceptron model. Overall, only 18 of the 41 static gestures were successfully recognized. One of the reasons was attributed to the inability of the data glove to measure gesture directions particularly for yubimoji gestures with similar finger configurations. Future work will focus on these problems as well as the inclusion of dynamic yubimoji gestures. PMID:20143958

  7. Energy performance analysis of prototype electrochromic windows

    SciTech Connect

    Sullivan, R.; Rubin, M.; Selkowitz, S.

    1996-12-01

    This paper presents the results of a study investigating the energy performance of three newly developed prototype electrochromic devices. The DOE-2.1 E energy simulation program was used to analyze the annual cooling, lighting, and total electric energy use and peak demand as a function of window type and size. The authors simulated a prototypical commercial office building module located in the cooling-dominated locations of Phoenix, AZ and Miami, FL. Heating energy use was also studied in the heating-dominated location of Madison, WI. Daylight illuminance was used to control electrochromic state-switching. Two types of window systems were analyzed; i.e., the outer pane electrochromic glazing was combined with either a conventional low-E or a spectrally selective inner pane. The properties of the electrochromic glazings are based on measured data of new prototypes developed as part of a cooperative DOE-industry program. The results show the largest difference in annual electric energy performance between the different window types occurs in Phoenix and is about 6.5 kWh/m{sup 2} floor area (0.60 kWh/ft{sup 2}) which can represent a cost of about $.52/m{sup 2} ($.05/ft{sup 2}) using electricity costing $.08/kWh. In heating-dominated locations, the electrochromic should be maintained in its bleached state during the heating season to take advantage of beneficial solar heat gain which would reduce the amount of required heating. This also means that the electrochromic window with the largest solar heat gain coefficient is best.

  8. Literature Review of Japanese Contrastive Rhetoric

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cumming, Brett

    2012-01-01

    This literature review serves to inform the reader on current literature on Contrastive Rhetoric (CR), with specific reference to teaching writing to Japanese students of English. It will examine the historical developments of CR and its present significance before then looking at possible reasons for unique characteristics of Japanese L2 writers…

  9. JAPANESE OYSTER-CULTURE. By BASHFORD DEAN,

    E-print Network

    OOMMISSION. For the rest, Japanese oyster-culture proved to be worthy of careful study, not only for itsJAPANESE OYSTER-CULTURE. By BASHFORD DEAN, Adjunct Professor hI Zoology, Columbia UniiJersity. European oyster-culture, especially as practiced in France and Holland, is gen- erally regarded as the most

  10. Foreign Fishery Developments Japanese Shrimp Import

    E-print Network

    Foreign Fishery Developments Japanese Shrimp Import Trends for 1963·80 Told Japanese imports of frozen shrimp in 1980 amounted to 143,256 metric tons (t), valued at Ą240,353 million ($1,073 million. This was the first decline in shrimp imports since 1974 and the lowest imports in the past 3 years. The decline

  11. Foreign Fishery Developments Japanese Frozen Shrimp

    E-print Network

    Foreign Fishery Developments Japanese Frozen Shrimp Imports Continue to Climb Japanese imports of frozen shrimp in 1978 amounted to 143,962 t, a new all-time high surpassing by 15 percent the previous import value. The unit import price of shrimp in yen fell in 1978 due to the rise in the value of the yen

  12. Expression in the Japanese Kindergarten Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Satoh, Kiyo

    1996-01-01

    In revising their kindergarten curriculum, Japanese educators have adapted Western ideas of creativity and expression. Explains that this is especially visible in the goal of "expression" in the current kindergarten curriculum. Provides details on the new curriculum's aims, specifically in relation to the use of Japanese paper and murals. (MOK)

  13. Robotization in the Japanese automotive industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yoshihiro Kusuda

    1999-01-01

    Describes the robotization of the Japanese automotive industry. The automotive industry is still the major segment of the industrial robot market in Japan. At the moment, however, annual shipments of industrial robots to the industry are at only 60 per cent of the peak in 1991. This reflects the struggling Japanese economy and low capital investment in domestic car production.

  14. Effective School Research from Japanese Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuroda, Kazuo

    Over the past 25 years, much educational research in the United States has focused on effective schools. This paper presents findings of a study that examined the characteristics of Japanese education, which is often considered effective by American researchers. It compares features of the Japanese education system to characteristics of effective…

  15. Inside a Japanese Transplant: A Critical Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Laurie

    1993-01-01

    A hidden participant/observer working in a Japanese auto plant in the United States discovered worker resistance to Japanese management practices in the form of sabotage, protest, agitation, and confrontation. Results questioned assumptions that participatory techniques increase worker control and decentralized authority increases worker autonomy.…

  16. Study on Japanese Cornmint in Mississippi

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Japanese cornmint (Mentha canadensis L.) is a subtropical essential oil crop grown in Asia and South America. The essential oil of Japanese cornmint is the source for production of crystal (-)-menthol, which is a major aromatic agent used as a flavor, fragrance, and cooling sensation vector in the ...

  17. Japanese Flagship Universities at a Crossroads

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yonezawa, Akiyoshi

    2007-01-01

    The increasing pace and scope of global structural change has left Japanese flagship universities at a crossroads. Reflecting upon historical trends, current policy changes and respective institutional strategies for global marketing among Japanese top research universities, the author discusses possible future directions for these institutions…

  18. Japanese Children's Understanding of Notational Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Takahashi, Noboru

    2012-01-01

    This study examined Japanese children's understanding of two Japanese notational systems: "hiragana" and "kanji". In three experiments, 126 3- to 6-year-olds were asked to name words written in hiragana or kanji as they appeared with different pictures. Consistent with Bialystok ("Journal of Experimental Child Psychology," 2000, Vol. 76, pp.…

  19. Cognitive Tempo in Japanese and American Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salkind, Neil J.; Kojima, Hideo

    The purpose of this study was to compare performances by Japanese and American children on the Matching Familiar Figures Test, the primary measure of cognitive tempo. Data on more than 3400 Japanese and American children (approximately half male, half female) were used. Factorial analyses of variance revealed significant age x nationality…

  20. The BBN Byblos Japanese OCR System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ehry Macrostie; Premkumar Natarajan; Michael Decerbo; Rohit Prasad

    2004-01-01

    The BBN Byblos OCR system implements a script-independent methodology for OCR using hidden Markov models (HMMs). We have successfully ported the system to Arabic, Pashto, English, and Chinese. We discuss our effort in configuring the system to perform recognition of noisy machine printed Japanese documents. The data for our experimentation was taken from the University of Washington (UW-II) Japanese OCR

  1. The Strategies Used in Japanese Advertisement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kurose, Yuki

    This paper investigates the possibility of using Japanese advertising language as a teaching tool in the second language classroom. First, it reviews the aims of advertising and the advantages of learning advertising language in the classroom based on previous research. Next, it discusses language strategies used in Japanese advertising,…

  2. Neuroanatomical database of normal Japanese brains

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kazunori Sato; Yasuyuki Taki; Hiroshi Fukuda; Ryuta Kawashima

    2003-01-01

    To develop a high-resolution in vivo human neuroanatomy database for Japanese brains, a data set on 1547 normal subjects between the ages of 16 and 79 years has been collected. First, we determined individual reference brains of normal Japanese for each age and gender group. We found there exists cross-generational changes in brain shape, that is, the young generation has

  3. Argumentative Strategies in American and Japanese English.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kamimura, Taeko; Oi, Kyoko

    1998-01-01

    A study examined differences in argumentative strategies in Japanese and American English by analyzing English essays on capital punishment written by 22 American high school seniors and 30 Japanese college sophomores. Differences were found in the organizational patterns, content and use of rational appeals, preference for type of diction, and…

  4. The next generation transit survey prototyping phase

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McCormac, J.; Pollacco, P.; NGTS Consortium

    2014-12-01

    The Next Generation Transit Survey (NGTS) is a new wide-field transiting exoplanet survey aimed at discovering Neptune and super-Earth size exoplanets around bright (V<13) nearby stars. NGTS consists of an array of 12 robotically operated telescopes observing in the 600-900 nm band. NGTS will survey more than five times the number of stars with V<13 than Kepler and will therefore provide the brightest targets for characterisation with existing and future instrumentation (VLT, E-ELT and JWST). In 2009/10, a prototype for NGTS was tested on La Palma, proving that such a system can meet our goals of essentially white noise limited photometry of bright stars, the results of which are summarised here. NGTS builds on the experience of the SuperWASP project, which, for many years, has lead the ground-based detection of transiting exoplanets.

  5. PERFORMANCE OF THE CEBAF PROTOTYPE CRYOMODULE RENASCENCE

    SciTech Connect

    Charles Reece; Edward Daly; G. Davis; Michael Drury; William Hicks; Joseph Preble; Haipeng Wang

    2008-02-12

    The prototype cryomodule Renascence was constructed as an energy building block for securing 6 GeV operation of CEBAF and to validate design elements for future CEBAF upgrade modules. These elements include the new “HG” and “LL” 7-cell cavity designs and a new tuner design.[1,2] Issues were identified during initial testing in 2005. The module has been reworked to address the issues with thermal stability, component breakage, and tuner motion. In addition, opportunity was taken to employ upgraded cleaning and assembly techniques for the cavity string. The HOM coupler heating issue was resolved, and seven of the eight cavities in the cryomodule have run stably at an average of 20 MV/m CW. The cryogenic, rf, and mechanical performance of the cryomodule are presented. Commissioning in CEBAF has just been completed in October 2007.

  6. Fuelcell Prototype Locomotive

    SciTech Connect

    David L. Barnes

    2007-09-28

    An international industry-government consortium is developing a fuelcell hybrid switcher locomotive for commercial railway applications and power-to-grid generation applications. The current phase of this on-going project addresses the practicalities of on-board hydrogen storage, fuelcell technology, and hybridity, all with an emphasis on commercially available products. Through practical evaluation using designs from Vehicle Projects’ Fuelcell-Powered Underground Mine Loader Project, the configuration of the fuelcell switcher locomotive changed from using metal-hydride hydrogen storage and a pure fuelcell power plant to using compressed hydrogen storage, a fuelcell-battery hybrid power plant, and fuelcell stack modules from Ballard Power Systems that have been extensively used in the Citaro bus program in Europe. The new overall design will now use a RailPower battery hybrid Green Goat™ as the locomotive platform. Keeping the existing lead-acid batteries, we will replace the 205 kW diesel gen-set with 225 kW of net fuelcell power, remove the diesel fuel tank, and place 14 compressed hydrogen cylinders, capable of storing 70 kg of hydrogen at 350 bar, on the roof. A detailed design with associated CAD models will allow a complete build of the fuelcell-battery hybrid switcher locomotive in the next funded phase.

  7. Prototype Neutron Energy Spectrometer

    SciTech Connect

    Stephen Mitchell, Sanjoy Mukhopadhyay, Richard Maurer, Ronald Wolff

    2010-06-16

    The project goals are: (1) Use three to five pressurized helium tubes with varying polyethylene moderators to build a neutron energy spectrometer that is most sensitive to the incident neutron energy of interest. Neutron energies that are of particular interest are those from the fission neutrons (typically around 1-2 MeV); (2) Neutron Source Identification - Use the neutron energy 'selectivity' property as a tool to discriminate against other competing processes by which neutrons are generated (viz. Cosmic ray induced neutron production [ship effect], [a, n] reactions); (3) Determine the efficiency as a function of neutron energy (response function) of each of the detectors, and thereby obtain the composite neutron energy spectrum from the detector count rates; and (4) Far-field data characterization and effectively discerning shielded fission source. Summary of the presentation is: (1) A light weight simple form factor compact neutron energy spectrometer ready to be used in maritime missions has been built; (2) Under laboratory conditions, individual Single Neutron Source Identification is possible within 30 minutes. (3) Sources belonging to the same type of origin viz., (a, n), fission, cosmic cluster in the same place in the 2-D plot shown; and (4) Isotopes belonging to the same source origin like Cm-Be, Am-Be (a, n) or Pu-239, U-235 (fission) do have some overlap in the 2-D plot.

  8. Big science versus little science—do you have to build it? (panel session)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David R. Ditzel; John L. Hennessy; Bernie Rudin; Alan Jay Smith; Stephen L. Squires; Zeke Zalcstein

    1990-01-01

    Research can be called big science if projects have numerous researchers, large funding, significant infrastructure, and plans to build complex tools or prototypes. Most experimental physicists practice big science, as do computer architects who build prototype software-hardware systems.Conversely, research can be called little science when projects have few researchers, modest funding, little special infrastructure, and no plans to build complex

  9. PERTS: A prototyping environment for real-time systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jane W. S. Liu; Juan-Luis Redondo; Zhong Deng; Riccardo Bettati; Ami Silberman; Matthew Storch; Rhan Ha; Wei-Kuan Shih

    1993-01-01

    PERTS is a prototyping environment for real-time systems. It contains schedulers and resource access protocols for time-critical applications, together with a comprehensive set of tools for the analysis, validation, and evaluation of real-time systems built on the scheduling paradigms supported by these building blocks. This paper describes the underlying models of real-time systems supported by PERTS, as well as its

  10. A prototype of the FPGA-based nanosecond trigger

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. S. Dobrotvorskii; V. S. Karpukhin; R. R. Shafigullin

    2010-01-01

    A prototype of a multichannel trigger based on programmable logic microcircuits is considered for constructing event selection\\u000a systems in up-to-date nuclear-physics experiments. Versions for building nanosecond electronic units based on a parameterized\\u000a programmable module library are given. Due to the parameterization and possible programmable control over modules by the built-in\\u000a processor, the two-level system adjustment is ensured both at the

  11. Some Design Issues for an Online Japanese Textbook

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nagata, Noriko

    2010-01-01

    This paper discusses several design issues in the development of a new online Japanese textbook, called "Robo-Sensei: Japanese Curriculum with Automated Feedback". When it is completed, the new online textbook will present a full Japanese curriculum. It extends a previously published online software program, "Robo-Sensei: Personal Japanese Tutor"…

  12. Achieving Energy Efficiency in Exis0ng Buildings How achieve significant commercial building energy efficiency?

    E-print Network

    Hutyra, Lucy R.

    ., MIT · Advanced sensors and control for electrospinning of nanofibers problem with high-payback. Development of Software System Prototype for Building HVAC Control through existing BAS software Chiller Air handling unit VAV Box Control Determine actual ACH for each room

  13. 3. OVERALL VIEW OF BUNKER LOOKING SOUTHWEST WITH BUILDING T8100 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. OVERALL VIEW OF BUNKER LOOKING SOUTHWEST WITH BUILDING T-8100 IN BACKGROUND. - Dugway Proving Ground, German-Japanese Village, Observation Bunker, South of Stark Road, in WWII Incendiary Test Area, Dugway, Tooele County, UT

  14. Science with the ASTRI prototype

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sartore, Nicola

    2013-06-01

    ASTRI (Astrofisica a Specchi con Tecnologia Replicante Italiana) is a "Flagship Project" financed by the Italian Ministry of Instruction, University and Research and led by the Italian National Institute of Astrophysics. It represents the Italian proposal for the development of the Small Size Telescope system of the Cherenkov Telescope Array, the next generation observatory for Very High Energy gamma-rays (20 GeV - 100 TeV). The ASTRI end-to-end prototype will be installed at Serra La Nave (Catania, Italy) and it will see the first light at the beginning of 2014. We describe the expected performance of the prototype on few selected test cases of the northern emisphere. The aim of the prototype is to probe the technological solutions and the nominal performance of the various telescope's subsystems.

  15. Assessment of Distributed Generation Potential in JapaneseBuildings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nan Zhou; Chris Marnay; Masaru Nishida

    2005-01-01

    To meet growing energy demands, energy efficiency, renewable energy, and on-site generation coupled with effective utilization of exhaust heat will all be required. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems (or microgrids). This research investigates a method of choosing economically optimal DER, expanding on prior studies at the Berkeley Lab using

  16. Science Nation: Japanese Quake Test

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Colorado State University engineer John van de Lindt leads a team that's developing new ways to build mid-rise, wood-frame buildings that can stand up to earthquakes. In many earthquake-prone areas of the U.S., wood-frame buildings taller than three stories are uncommon--and building codes generally limit such construction to just four stories. Van de Lindt hopes validation of the new design techniques could safely push those building codes to six stories, or even taller. To test their new design, the team turned to E-Defense, a remote shake table facility in Miki City, Japan. The event was the grand finale in a series of shake tests on wood structures funded by the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES).

  17. Improving Building Design and Operation of a Thai Buddhist Temple 

    E-print Network

    Sreshthaputra, A.; Haberl, J.S.; Andrews, M.J.

    2004-01-01

    poor thermal comfort conditions in this temple. The transient CFD/DOE-2 simulation suggested several remedial changes that could be implemented to improve the indoor comfort. In addition, a prototype building that combined several improved design... options was proposed, and the simulation of the prototype was then performed. The result indicated an improvement of the indoor thermal comfort compared with that of the current building. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Building design...

  18. Building Commissioning in the USA

    E-print Network

    Castro, N.; Friedman, H.

    2006-01-01

    Commissioning November 7, 2006 US Team Acknowledgement TAMUCERLSlides are derived from PECI?s?State of the Industry? presentationand US Team contributions US Team Presentation Outline? The U.S. Market ? What is Building Commissioning? Potential? Current Practice..., VPACC] ? Guidelines and enabling tools ? Design Review Checklist Tool (EDR, 2007)? Data management, EIS, Cx process tools ? Prototypes, system/whole building level ? Tools for Air-Handlers [CITE-AHU,LBNL tool]? TAMU tools Diagnostic Tools and Resources...

  19. Sparse distributed memory prototype: Principles of operation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Flynn, Michael J.; Kanerva, Pentti; Ahanin, Bahram; Bhadkamkar, Neal; Flaherty, Paul; Hickey, Philip

    1988-01-01

    Sparse distributed memory is a generalized random access memory (RAM) for long binary words. Such words can be written into and read from the memory, and they can be used to address the memory. The main attribute of the memory is sensitivity to similarity, meaning that a word can be read back not only by giving the original right address but also by giving one close to it as measured by the Hamming distance between addresses. Large memories of this kind are expected to have wide use in speech and scene analysis, in signal detection and verification, and in adaptive control of automated equipment. The memory can be realized as a simple, massively parallel computer. Digital technology has reached a point where building large memories is becoming practical. The research is aimed at resolving major design issues that have to be faced in building the memories. The design of a prototype memory with 256-bit addresses and from 8K to 128K locations for 256-bit words is described. A key aspect of the design is extensive use of dynamic RAM and other standard components.

  20. Japanese plan for SSF utilization

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mizuno, Toshio

    1992-01-01

    The Japanese Experiment Module (JEM) program has made significant progress. The JEM preliminary design review was completed in July 1992; construction of JEM operation facilities has begun; and the micro-G airplane, drop shaft, and micro-G experiment rocket are all operational. The national policy for JEM utilization was also established. The Space Experiment Laboratory (SEL) opened in June '92 and will function as a user support center. Eight JEM multiuser facilities are in phase B, and scientific requirements are being defined for 17 candidate multiuser facilities. The National Joint Research Program is about to start. Precursor missions and early Space Station utilization activities are being defined. This paper summarizes the program in outline and graphic form.

  1. Japanese experiences of environmental management.

    PubMed

    Matsuo, T

    2003-01-01

    Japan experienced a very rapid industrialization and economic growth in the era of income doubling in 1960s and at the same time Japan experienced very severe damage from various types of environmental pollution. In this paper, historical development of population, GNP, energy consumption with classification of petroleum, coal and electric power, and CO2 emission are introduced as basic background data on Japanese development. The tragic experience of Minamata disease and Itai-itai disease caused by methyl mercury and cadmium, respectively, are introduced. In two tables, historical development of water pollution and air pollution are summarized. Regarding solid wastes management, the total mass balance in Japan and recent development in legislation framework for enhancement of recycling of wastes are introduced briefly. PMID:12578167

  2. Rapid Prototyping Enters Mainstream Manufacturing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winek, Gary

    1996-01-01

    Explains rapid prototyping, a process that uses computer-assisted design files to create a three-dimensional object automatically, speeding the industrial design process. Five commercially available systems and two emerging types--the 3-D printing process and repetitive masking and depositing--are described. (SK)

  3. Accurate Garment Prototyping and Simulation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pascal Volino; Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann

    2005-01-01

    Despite numerous methods available for cloth simulation, virtual garment prototyping has yet to find its way toward the garment industry, the main issues being simulation accuracy and the potentiality for reproducing the complex behavior of complex garment models. These goals can only be reached through an optimal combination of modeling techniques and numerical methods that combines high computation efficiency with

  4. Prototypes for the 80s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Instructor, 1980

    1980-01-01

    Presented are brief descriptions of the winning entries in this magazine's contest for existing programs to serve as prototypes for wide-scale use in elementary schools of the 1980s. Top prizes went to computer literacy, energy education, and nutrition projects. Twenty runners-up are also described. Project addresses are included. (SJL)

  5. Virtual prototyping of mechatronic systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gianni Ferretti; GianAntonio Magnani; Paolo Rocco

    2004-01-01

    Mechatronic systems abound in technological fields such as robotics and machine tools industry. Significant advances in dynamic performance of these systems can be achieved provided that mutual interactions of different domains (such as mechanics, electronics, hydraulics and control) are thoroughly understood. Virtual prototyping entails integration of multi-domain dynamic simulation in the design process, in order to reproduce and analyze the

  6. SHARP prototype system demonstration program

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duncan, Michael D.; Kruer, Melvin R.; Linne von Berg, Dale C.; Patten, Raymond A.; Lee, John N.

    2002-11-01

    The prototype effort within the SHAred Reconnaissance Pod (SHARP) program successfully demonstrated real-time reconnaissance operation of the prototype SHARP system on an F/A-18F and of the prototype SHARP payload on a P-3 in coordinated flights, each aircraft downlinking imagery to a NAVIS ground station and displaying that imagery in real time on August 28, 2001 in Washington, DC. The principal technology objectives - to verify that dual-band camera technology was sufficiently mature and that the SHARP Reconnaissance Management System (SRMS) with its operating software could control the SHARP subsystems and deliver real-time high-bandwidth reconnaissance imagery - were achieved through demonstration flights. The prototype SHARP Pod system is now used as a test asset in support of the E&MD phase of the SHARP program. Further development of technology for SHARP is continuing. The Airborne Real-time Imagery Exploitation System (ARIES) has been developed for incorporation into the SRMS to provide the flight crew enhanced image exploitation capability for time critical strike. ARIES capability is undergoing continuing development and evaluataion in combination with Fast Tactical Imagery (FTI) real-time, cockpit-to-user, transmission of the selected imagery.

  7. Test procedure -- Prototype core sampler

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Linschooten

    1994-01-01

    The purpose of this test is to attempt to determine the adequacy of the prototype sampler. Recovery tests will be performed with this sampler in three different consistencies of kaolin sludge simulants. A minimum of six tests will be done in each of the simulants. The sampler is a hollow steel sampling tube with a tapered nose and a retractable

  8. Portuguese Ships on Japanese Namban Screens 

    E-print Network

    Yamafune, Kotaro

    2012-10-19

    Namban screens are a well-known Japanese art form that was produced between the end of the 16th century and throughout the 17th century. More than 90 of these screens survive today. They possess substantial historical value ...

  9. Building an Intelligent Water Information System - American River Prototype

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Glaser, S. D.; Bales, R. C.; Conklin, M. H.

    2013-12-01

    With better management, California's existing water supplies could go further to meeting the needs of the state's urban and agricultural uses. For example, California's water reservoirs are currently controlled and regulated using forecasts based upon more than 75 years of historical data. In the face of global climate change, these forecasts are becoming increasingly inadequate to precisely manage water resources. We propose implementing Leveraging the newest frontiers of information technology, we are developing a basin-scale real-time intelligent water infrastructure system that enables more information-intensive decision support. The complete system is made up of four key components. First, a strategically deployed ground-observation system will complement satellite measurements and provide continuous and accurate estimates of snowpack, soil moisture, vegetation state and energy balance across watersheds. Using our recently developed but mature technologies, we deliver measurements of hydrologic variables over a multi- tiered network of wireless sensor arrays, with a granularity of time and space previously unheard of. Second, satellite and aircraft remote sensing provide the only practical means of spatially continuous basin-wide measurement and monitoring of snow properties, vegetation characteristics and other watershed conditions. The ground-based system is designed to blend with remote sensing data on Sierra Nevada snow properties, and provide value-added products of unprecedented spatial detail and accuracy that are useable on a watershed level. Third, together the satellite and ground-based data make possible the updating of forecast tools, and routine use of physically based hydrologic models. The decision-support framework will provide tools to extract and visualize information of interest from the measured and modeled data, to assess uncertainties, and to optimize operations. Fourth, the advanced cyber infrastructure blends and transforms the numbers recorded by sensors into information in the form that is useful for decision-making. In a sense it 'monetizes' the data. It is the cyber infrastructure that links measurements, data processing, models and users. System software must provide flexibility for multiple types of access from user queries to automated and direct links with analysis tools and decision-support systems. We are currently installing a basin-scale ground-based sensor network focusing on measurements of snowpack, solar radiation, temperature, rH and soil moisture across the American River basin. Although this is a research network, it also provides core elements of a full ground-based operational system.

  10. Advanced ASON prototyping research activities in China

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, WeiSheng; Jin, Yaohui; Guo, Wei; Su, Yikai; He, Hao; Sun, Weiqiang

    2005-02-01

    This paper provides an overview of prototyping research activities of automatically switched optical networks and transport networks (ASONs/ASTNs) in China. In recent years, China has recognized the importance and benefits of the emerging ASON/ASTN techniques. During the period of 2001 and 2002, the national 863 Program of China started the preliminary ASON research projects with the main objectives to build preliminary ASON testbeds, develop control plane protocols and test their performance in the testbeds. During the period of 2003 and 2004, the 863 program started ASTN prototyping equipment projects for more practical applications. Totally 12 ASTN equipments are being developed by three groups led by Chinese venders: ZTE with Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications (BUPT), Wuhan Research Institute of Posts and Telecommunication (WRI) with Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), and Huawei Inc. Meanwhile, as the ASTN is maturing, some of the China"s carries are participating in the OIF"s World Interoperability Demonstration, carrying out ASTN test, or deploying ASTN backbone networks. Finally, several ASTN backbone networks being tested or deployed now will be operated by the carries in 2005. The 863 Program will carry out an ASTN field trail in Yangtse River Delta, and finally deploy the 3TNET. 3TNET stands for Tbps transmission, Tbps switching, and Tbps routing, as well as a network integrating the above techniques. A task force under the "863" program is responsible for ASTN equipment specifications and interoperation agreements, technical coordination among all the participants, schedule of the whole project during the project undergoing, and organization of internetworking of all the equipments in the laboratories and field trials.

  11. Prototype Effects in Understanding Word Meanings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ueda, Norifumi

    1998-01-01

    The prototype effects in understanding unfamiliar meanings and usage in a polysemous word, "play," are examined. The learners use prototypical meanings as a referential point to understand peripheral meanings. (Author/VWL)

  12. Japanese Specialization in the MIBS Program: Business Japanese and Internship Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sakakibara, Yoshitaka

    The University of South Carolina added the Japanese specialization to its Master of International Business Studies (MIBS) program in 1982. The small group of students in the 3-year specialization are chosen competitively from a large applicant pool. While no Japanese language knowledge is required for entry to the program, many students have some…

  13. Modalities of Infant-Mother Interaction in Japanese, Japanese American Immigrant, and European American Dyads

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bornstein, Marc H.; Cote, Linda R.; Haynes, O. Maurice; Suwalsky, Joan T. D.; Bakeman, Roger

    2012-01-01

    Cultural variation in relations and moment-to-moment contingencies of infant-mother person-oriented and object-oriented interactions were compared in 118 Japanese, Japanese American immigrant, and European American dyads with 5.5-month-olds. Infant and mother person-oriented behaviors were related in all cultural groups, but infant and mother…

  14. Distributive Quantifier Scope in English-Japanese and Korean-Japanese Interlanguage

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsden, Heather

    2009-01-01

    This article reports on an experimental investigation of knowledge of distributivity in nonnative (L2) Japanese learners whose first language (L1) is English or Korean. The availability of distributive scope in Japanese is modulated by word order and the semantic features of quantifiers. For English-speaking learners, these subtle interpretive…

  15. An approach for assessing software prototypes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Church, V. E.; Card, D. N.; Agresti, W. W.; Jordan, Q. L.

    1986-01-01

    A procedure for evaluating a software prototype is presented. The need to assess the prototype itself arises from the use of prototyping to demonstrate the feasibility of a design or development stategy. The assessment procedure can also be of use in deciding whether to evolve a prototype into a complete system. The procedure consists of identifying evaluations criteria, defining alterative design approaches, and ranking the alternatives according to the criteria.

  16. Test report -- Prototype core sampler

    SciTech Connect

    Linschooten, C.G.

    1995-01-17

    The purpose of this test is to determine the adequacy of the prototype sampler, provided to Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) by DOE-RL. The sampler was fabricated for DOE-RL by the Concord Company by request of DOE-RL. This prototype sampler was introduced as a technology that can be easily deployed (similar to the current auger system) and will reliably collect representative samples. The sampler is similar to the Universal Sampler i.e., smooth core barrel and piston with an O-ring seal, but lacks a rotary valve near the throat of the sampler. This makes the sampler inappropriate for liquid sampling, but reduces the outside diameter of the sampler considerably, which should improve sample recovery. Recovery testing was performed with the supplied sampler in three different consistencies of Kaolin sludge simulants.

  17. A prototype photovoltaic/thermal system integrated with transpired collector

    SciTech Connect

    Athienitis, Andreas K.; Bambara, James; O'Neill, Brendan; Faille, Jonathan [Dept. of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Concordia University, 1455 Maisonneuve W., Montreal, Quebec (Canada)

    2011-01-15

    Building-integrated photovoltaic/thermal (BIPV/T) systems may be utilized to produce useful heat while simultaneously generating electricity from the same building envelope surface. A well known highly efficient collector is the open-loop unglazed transpired collector (UTC) which consists of dark porous cladding through which outdoor air is drawn and heated by absorbed solar radiation. Commercially available photovoltaic systems typically produce electricity with efficiencies up to about 18%. Thus, it is beneficial to obtain much of the normally wasted heat from the systems, possibly by combining UTC with photovoltaics. Combination of BIPV/T and UTC systems for building facades is considered in this paper - specifically, the design of a prototype facade-integrated photovoltaic/thermal system with transpired collector (BIPV/T). A full scale prototype is constructed with 70% of UTC area covered with PV modules specially designed to enhance heat recovery and compared to a UTC of the same area under outdoor sunny conditions with low wind. The orientation of the corrugations in the UTC is horizontal and the black-framed modules are attached so as to facilitate flow into the UTC plenum. While the overall combined thermal efficiency of the UTC is higher than that of the BIPV/T system, the value of the generated energy - assuming that electricity is at least four times more valuable than heat - is between 7% and 17% higher. Also, the electricity is always useful while the heat is usually utilized only in the heating season. The BIPV/T concept is applied to a full scale office building demonstration project in Montreal, Canada. The ratio of photovoltaic area coverage of the UTC may be selected based on the fresh air heating needs of the building, the value of the electricity generated and the available building surfaces. (author)

  18. Homogamy and Intermarriage of Japanese and Japanese Americans With Whites Surrounding World War II

    PubMed Central

    Ono, Hiromi; Berg, Justin

    2010-01-01

    Although some sociologists have suggested that Japanese Americans quickly assimilated into mainstream America, scholars of Japanese America have highlighted the heightened exclusion that the group experienced. This study tracked historical shifts in the exclusion level of Japanese and Japanese Americans in the United States surrounding World War II with homogamy and intermarriage with Whites for the prewar (1930–1940) and resettlement (1946–1966) marriage cohorts. The authors applied log-linear models to census microsamples (N = 1,590,416) to estimate the odds ratios of homogamy versus intermarriage. The unadjusted odds ratios of Japanese Americans declined between cohorts and appeared to be consistent with the assimilation hypothesis. Once compositional influences and educational pairing patterns were adjusted, however, the odds ratios increased and supported the heightened exclusion hypothesis. PMID:21116449

  19. Prototype Morphing Fan Nozzle Demonstrated

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, Ho-Jun; Song, Gang-Bing

    2004-01-01

    Ongoing research in NASA Glenn Research Center's Structural Mechanics and Dynamics Branch to develop smart materials technologies for aeropropulsion structural components has resulted in the design of the prototype morphing fan nozzle shown in the photograph. This prototype exploits the potential of smart materials to significantly improve the performance of existing aircraft engines by introducing new inherent capabilities for shape control, vibration damping, noise reduction, health monitoring, and flow manipulation. The novel design employs two different smart materials, a shape-memory alloy and magnetorheological fluids, to reduce the nozzle area by up to 30 percent. The prototype of the variable-area fan nozzle implements an overlapping spring leaf assembly to simplify the initial design and to provide ease of structural control. A single bundle of shape memory alloy wire actuators is used to reduce the nozzle geometry. The nozzle is subsequently held in the reduced-area configuration by using magnetorheological fluid brakes. This prototype uses the inherent advantages of shape memory alloys in providing large induced strains and of magnetorheological fluids in generating large resistive forces. In addition, the spring leaf design also functions as a return spring, once the magnetorheological fluid brakes are released, to help force the shape memory alloy wires to return to their original position. A computerized real-time control system uses the derivative-gain and proportional-gain algorithms to operate the system. This design represents a novel approach to the active control of high-bypass-ratio turbofan engines. Researchers have estimated that such engines will reduce thrust specific fuel consumption by 9 percent over that of fixed-geometry fan nozzles. This research was conducted under a cooperative agreement (NCC3-839) at the University of Akron.

  20. Fast sparse representation with prototypes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jia-Bin Huang; Ming-Hsuan Yang

    2010-01-01

    Sparse representation has found applications in numerous domains and recent developments have been focused on the convex relaxation of the lo-norm minimization for sparse coding (i.e., the ?1-norm minimization). Nevertheless, the time and space complexities of these algorithms remain significantly high for large-scale problems. As signals in most problems can be modeled by a small set of prototypes, we propose

  1. Microscale rapid prototyping by stereolithography

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Serge Monneret; Christophe Provin; H. Le Gall

    2001-01-01

    A new process of microstereolithography to manufacture freeform solid three-dimensional micro-components with outer dimensions in the millimetre size range is presented. It corresponds to a layered micromachining, specially suited to rapid prototyping at the micro scale. Different kinds of materials can be employed, like pure polymers or alumina-based composites. The micromachine is mainly composed of a liquid crystal display as

  2. Rapid Prototyping in Instructional Design: Creating Competencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fulton, Carolyn D.

    2010-01-01

    Instructional designers working in rapid prototyping environments currently do not have a list of competencies that help to identify the knowledge, skills, and attitudes (KSAs) required in these workplaces. This qualitative case study used multiple cases in an attempt to identify rapid prototyping competencies required in a rapid prototyping

  3. Arduino: An Open Electronics Prototyping Platform

    E-print Network

    Herr, Hugh

    Arduino: An Open Electronics Prototyping Platform Abstract Arduino is a platform for prototyping and library for writing code to control the board. Arduino comes from a philosophy of learning by doing the Arduino prototyping platform. This paper discusses related work, the educational and design context within

  4. Cooling Strategies Based on Indicators of Thermal Storage in Commercial Building Mass 

    E-print Network

    Eto, J. H.

    1985-01-01

    specific instance of this phenomenon, in which thermal storage by building mass over weekends exacerbates Monday cooling energy requirements. The study relies on computer simulations of energy use for a large, office building prototype in El Paso, TX using...

  5. Use of Building Automation System Trend Data for Inputs Generation in Bottom-Up Simulation Calibration

    E-print Network

    Zibin, N. F.; Zmeureanu, R. G.; Love, J. A.

    2013-01-01

    for analysis and use in simulation is very large. This paper explores automating the process of generating inputs from Building Automation System (BAS) trend data for use in building simulation software. A proof-of-concept prototype called the Automatic...

  6. Majorana Thermosyphon Prototype Experimental Results

    SciTech Connect

    Fast, James E.; Reid, Douglas J.; Aguayo Navarrete, Estanislao

    2010-12-17

    Objective The Majorana demonstrator will operate at liquid Nitrogen temperatures to ensure optimal spectrometric performance of its High Purity Germanium (HPGe) detector modules. In order to transfer the heat load of the detector module, the Majorana demonstrator requires a cooling system that will maintain a stable liquid nitrogen temperature. This cooling system is required to transport the heat from the detector chamber outside the shield. One approach is to use the two phase liquid-gas equilibrium to ensure constant temperature. This cooling technique is used in a thermosyphon. The thermosyphon can be designed so the vaporization/condensing process transfers heat through the shield while maintaining a stable operating temperature. A prototype of such system has been built at PNNL. This document presents the experimental results of the prototype and evaluates the heat transfer performance of the system. The cool down time, temperature gradient in the thermosyphon, and heat transfer analysis are studied in this document with different heat load applied to the prototype.

  7. Sedation in Japanese dental schools.

    PubMed Central

    Morse, Zac; Sano, Kimito; Fujii, Kazuyuki; Kanri, Tomio

    2004-01-01

    There is very little information about the practice of sedation in Japan. Despite the remarkable advances in dentistry, fear and anxiety continue to be significant deterrents for seeking dental services. Most dental procedures can fortunately be undertaken with the aid of sedation. A comprehensive survey of all the dental schools in Japan was carried out to determine what sedation practices were used in Japan. All 29 dental schools in Japan possessed a dedicated department of anesthesiology at the time of this survey. The survey attempted to determine the specific sedation methods (techniques, routes of administration, and agents used in sedation) as well as practices (monitoring, fasting, location, education, and fees involved in sedation). The results indicate that there was a broad range in sedation practices. The Japanese Dental Society of Anesthesiology may wish to examine the findings of this study and may wish to formulate guidelines appropriate for the practice of sedation in Japan. Others may also wish to compare their own practices with those of Japan. PMID:15497299

  8. Simulation in a dynamic prototyping environment: Petri nets or rules?

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Moore, Loretta A.; Price, Shannon; Hale, Joseph P.

    1994-01-01

    An evaluation of a prototyped user interface is best supported by a simulation of the system. A simulation allows for dynamic evaluation of the interface rather than just a static evaluation of the screen's appearance. This allows potential users to evaluate both the look (in terms of the screen layout, color, objects, etc.) and feel (in terms of operations and actions which need to be performed) of a system's interface. Because of the need to provide dynamic evaluation of an interface, there must be support for producing active simulations. The high-fidelity training simulators are delivered too late to be effectively used in prototyping the displays. Therefore, it is important to build a low fidelity simulator, so that the iterative cycle of refining the human computer interface based upon a user's interactions can proceed early in software development.

  9. Simulation in a dynamic prototyping environment: Petri nets or rules?

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Moore, Loretta A.; Price, Shannon W.; Hale, Joseph P.

    1994-01-01

    An evaluation of a prototyped user interface is best supported by a simulation of the system. A simulation allows for dynamic evaluation of the interface rather than just a static evaluation of the screen's appearance. This allows potential users to evaluate both the look (in terms of the screen layout, color, objects, etc.) and feel (in terms of operations and actions which need to be performed) of a system's interface. Because of the need to provide dynamic evaluation of an interface, there must be support for producing active simulations. The high-fidelity training simulators are normally delivered too late to be effectively used in prototyping the displays. Therefore, it is important to build a low fidelity simulator, so that the iterative cycle of refining the human computer interface based upon a user's interactions can proceed early in software development.

  10. Using building energy simulation and geospatial modeling techniques to determine high resolution building sector energy consumption profiles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shem Heiple; David J. Sailor

    2008-01-01

    A technique is presented for estimating hourly and seasonal energy consumption profiles in the building sector at spatial scales down to the individual taxlot or parcel. The method combines annual building energy simulations for city-specific prototypical buildings and commonly available geospatial data in a Geographical Information System (GIS) framework. Hourly results can be extracted for any day and exported as

  11. FORESTRY BUILDING: BUILDING EMERGENCY PLAN

    E-print Network

    FORESTRY BUILDING: BUILDING EMERGENCY PLAN Date Adopted: August 18, 2009 Date Revised June 17, 2013 Prepared By: Diana Evans and Jennifer Meyer #12;PURDUE UNIVERSITY BUILDING EMERGENCY PLAN VERSION 3 2 Table Suspension or Campus Closure SECTION 3: BUILDING INFORMATION 3.1 Building Deputy/Alternate Building Deputy

  12. Adult perceptions of phonotactic violations in Japanese

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fais, Laurel; Kajikawa, Sachiyo; Werker, Janet; Amano, Shigeaki

    2001-05-01

    Adult Japanese speakers ``hear'' epenthetic vowels in productions of Japanese-like words that violate the canonical CVCVCV form by containing internal consonant clusters (CVCCV) [Dupoux et al., J. Exp. Psychol. 25, 1568-1578 (1999)]. Given this finding, this research examined how Japanese adults rated the goodness of Japanese-like words produced without a vowel in the final syllable (CVC), and words produced without vowels in the penultimate and final syllables (CVCC). Furthermore, in some of these contexts, voiceless vowels may appear in fluent, casual Japanese productions, especially in the Kanto dialect, and in some, such voiceless vowels may not appear. Results indicate that both Kanto and Kinki speakers rated CVC productions for contexts in which voiceless vowels are not allowed as the worst; they rated CVC and CVCC contexts in which voiceless vowel productions are allowed as better. In these latter contexts, the CVC words, which result from the loss of one, final, vowel, are judged to be better than the CVCC words, which result from the loss of two (final and penultimate) vowels. These results mirror the relative seriousness of the phonotactic violations and indicate listeners have tacit knowledge of these regularities in their language.

  13. BUILDING NAME HEYDON-LAURENCE BUILDING

    E-print Network

    Viglas, Anastasios

    BUILDING NAME HEYDON-LAURENCE BUILDING PHARMACY AND BANK BUILDING JOHN WOOLEY BUILDING OLD TEARCHER'S BUILDING PHYSICS BUILDING BAXTER'S LODGE INSTITUTE BUILDING CONSERVATION WORKS R.D.WATT BUILDING MACLEAY BUILDING THE QUARANGLE BADHAM BUILDING J.D. STEWART BUILDING BLACKBURN BUILDING MADSEN BUILDING STORE

  14. Beliefs about Overcoming Psychological Problems among British and Japanese Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Furnham, Adrian; Ota, Hiromi; Tatsuro, Hosoe; Koyasu, Masuo

    2000-01-01

    Examines the cultural differences among Japanese students, British students, and Japanese students studying in Britain, concerning their beliefs on overcoming five psychological problems: depression, obesity, smoking cessation, agoraphobia, and lack of confidence. (CMK)

  15. Rhetorical strategies of foreign executives in revitalizing Japanese global enterprise

    E-print Network

    Hatayama, Hiroaki

    2010-01-01

    Carlos Ghosn of Nissan and Sir Howard Stringer of Sony are the first non-Japanese top executives of Japanese global enterprises. At the time they were appointed CEOs, both companies were in crisis: Nissan almost facing ...

  16. New diversification strategies for the Japanese alcohol industry

    E-print Network

    Yoshimura, Toru, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    Japanese major alcoholic beverage companies, whose businesses are mainly the production and sale of beer products, stand at a strategic crossroads. There are several reasons: a slow decrease in the Japanese population, ...

  17. ANTARES: a prototype transient broker system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saha, Abhijit; Matheson, Thomas; Snodgrass, Richard; Kececioglu, John; Narayan, Gautham; Seaman, Robert; Jenness, Tim; Axelrod, Tim

    2014-07-01

    The Arizona-NOAO Temporal Analysis and Response to Events System (ANTARES) is a joint project of the National Optical Astronomy Observatory and the Department of Computer Science at the University of Arizona. The goal is to build the software infrastructure necessary to process and filter alerts produced by time-domain surveys, with the ultimate source of such alerts being the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST). The ANTARES broker will add value to alerts by annotating them with information from external sources such as previous surveys from across the electromagnetic spectrum. In addition, the temporal history of annotated alerts will provide further annotation for analysis. These alerts will go through a cascade of filters to select interesting candidates. For the prototype, `interesting' is defined as the rarest or most unusual alert, but future systems will accommodate multiple filtering goals. The system is designed to be flexible, allowing users to access the stream at multiple points throughout the process, and to insert custom filters where necessary. We describe the basic architecture of ANTARES and the principles that will guide development and implementation.

  18. Taste hyposensitivity in Japanese schoolchildren

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background There is some research on taste disorder/hyposensitivity in special groups such as the elderly or patients presenting with specific taste problems, however few studies have been conducted among young populations. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of taste hyposensitivity and to investigate the relationship between taste hyposensitivity and oral health status in Japanese schoolchildren. Methods Subjects were 237 primary and 112 junior high school students in Saitama Prefecture, Japan. In total, 349 (boys: 181, girls: 168) students aged 6–15 years participated in the study. Oral examinations and whole-mouth taste tests using four tastes (sweet, salt, sour and bitter) solutions were conducted on the subjects. A subject who could not recognize the taste of the solution was defined as demonstrating hyposensitivity. Results Hyposensitivity was observed in 6.3% of all subjects for sweet-taste, 14.3% for salt-taste, 20.9% for sour-taste and 6.0% for bitter-taste. The prevalence of sweet, sour and bitter-taste hyposensitivity decreased as the subjects’ grade advanced. In contrast, the prevalence of salt-taste hyposensitivity increased in 7th-9th grade subjects. Furthermore, the prevalence of bitter-taste hyposensitivity was significantly higher in males than females among 1st-3rd graders. Taste hyposensitivity had little association with oral health status, such as decayed teeth, filled teeth, dental plaque, gingival status and tongue coating. Conclusions In this study, taste hyposensitivity was observed in 6.0%-20.9% of the students. There was little association between taste hyposensitivity and oral health status. The current study implies that the factors affecting the taste hyposensitivity in children may different from those in the elderly. Therefore it is necessary to further investigate the causes of taste hyposensitivity among younger generation. PMID:24725841

  19. Science, industry, and the new Japanese challenge

    SciTech Connect

    Wilson, K.G.

    1984-01-01

    The Japanese super-speed computer project, recently begun, has generated pressure for a response in the US and other countries. The Japanese project was a response to the need for computerizing four hundred years of science, in support of industrial applications of science. In the US, a number of barriers are slowing progress of the computerization process. The barriers include software problems, lack of university participation in the computerization effort, poor matching of resources to needs, etc. The computer revolution is also part of the background for the Japanese project, and problems caused by the computer revolution, such as inadequate education, also require attention. Specific recommendations to overcome these barriers are proposed. A national computer communications network for basic and applied research would greatly improve technology transfer within the US at a very low cost. 24 references.

  20. Performance of porous ceramic evaporators for building cooling application

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elfatih Ibrahim; Li Shao; Saffa B Riffat

    2003-01-01

    An experimental investigation of porous ceramic evaporators for building cooling has been carried out. Prototypes, classified as low, medium and high porosity prototypes in direct evaporative cooling mode were placed in an experimental duct within an environmental chamber. Performance was measured under different conditions of dry bulb temperature (DBT), relative humidity (RH), supply water pressure, and layout within the duct.

  1. Offers and Requests: Performance by Japanese Learners of English.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fukushima, Saeko

    1990-01-01

    A comparison of native and nonnative (Japanese) English speakers' expressions for offers and requests found that Japanese subjects were typically too direct in most situations and sounded rude, even when they intended to be polite. This suggests that the pragmatic competence of Japanese learners of English needs to be reinforced in language…

  2. Affective Variables and Japanese L2 Reading Ability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kondo-Brown, Kimi

    2006-01-01

    This study investigates how 17 affective factors are related to Japanese second language (L2) reading comprehension and "kanji" knowledge test scores of 43 university students in advanced Japanese courses. Major findings are that: a) reading comprehension ability and "kanji" knowledge have direct associations with self-perception of Japanese

  3. Japanese and American Cross-Cultural Business Pragmatics: A Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, H. Julie; Cramer, Peter K.; Kojima, Toshihisa

    A study examined the extent to which culture-specific traits persist or change in American and Japanese business people who interact in business. Data were drawn from 13 interviews with both Japanese and American employees of Japanese companies. Interviewees were asked about their perceptions or stereotypes of people from the other culture before…

  4. Kids Explore America's Japanese American Heritage. Westridge Young Writers Workshop.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jefferson County School District R-1, Denver, CO.

    This book was written by 94 students, aged 8-14, at Westridge Elementary School (Littleton, Colorado) during a summer enrichment class. The book was written for anyone who wants to learn about Japanese-American culture and heritage. Chapter 1 gives an overview of Japanese history before American contact, the immigration of Japanese to America, the…

  5. Mutual Images: Americans and Japanese in TV Commercials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anzai, Yayoi; And Others

    To explore the portrayals of Americans in Japanese television commercials and Japanese in American television commercials, and how those portrayals are perceived by each nationality, a two-part study examined 745 American commercials and 956 Japanese commercials. Researchers first coded the number of American males and females who appeared in the…

  6. Evidence of a Consonant Shift in 7th Century Japanese.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramsey, S. Robert; Unger, J. Marshall

    This paper attempts to certify that certain changes in voicing and aspiration, namely the shift from Kan'on to Go'on, occurred during the proto-Japanese period. Based on Middle Chinese data, proto-Korean-Japanese systems, Tibetan transcriptions of Chinese texts, and internal Japanese evidence, the authors date the transition roughly in the 7th…

  7. The Influence of Sanskrit on the Japanese Sound Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buck, James H.

    The Japanese syllabary of today would probably not exist in its present arrangement had it not been for Sanskrit studies in Japan. Scholars of ancient Japan extracted from the Devanagari those sounds which corresponded to sounds in Japanese and arranged the Japanese syllabary in the devanagari order. First appearing in a document dated 1204, this…

  8. The ATLAS IBL BOC Prototype

    E-print Network

    Schroer, N; Bruschi, M; Dantone, I; Dopke, J; Falchieri, D; Flick, T; Gabrielli, A; Grosse-Knetter, J; Heim, T; Joseph, J; Krieger, N; Kugel, A; Morettini, P; Neumann, M; Polini, A; Rizzi, M; Travaglini, R; Zannoli, S; Zoccoli, A

    2011-01-01

    The pixel detector of the ATLAS experiment at CERN will be upgraded with an additional layer (IBL) in 2013. To handle the data readout the currently used VME card pairs consisting of a back of crate card (BOC) and a read out driver (ROD) are being redesigned. This paper presents details of the hardware design of the new BOC prototype, which takes advantage from modern FPGA technology and commercial optical modules and abandons the need for a variety of custom components used on the old card. Also the throughput is four times higher and additional features are implemented.

  9. Majorana Demonstrator: Prototype Module Commissioning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    O'Shaughnessy, Christopher; Majorana Collaboration

    2014-09-01

    The Majorana Demonstrator is designed to explore the feasibility of operating a tonne-scale search for neutrinoless double beta decay by utilizing germanium detectors enriched in the isotope 76Ge as both a source and detector. A key goal of the Demonstrator is to achieve a background of 3 counts per tonne-year in the region of interest using a compact copper and lead shield. Meeting such a stringent background limit necessitates the custom design of components from materials known to be clean. Most notable are the inner shield, the strings that hold the enriched detectors, and the module cryostats that contain the strings. These are fabricated from ultra-high purity copper that has been electroformed underground. A prototype module with strings of natural Ge detectors has been operated using a cryostat and components fabricated from commercial copper. Here we will highlight the performance of the prototype module and its role in assembly of the ultra-pure modules. The designed to explore the feasibility of operating a tonne-scale search for neutrinoless double beta decay by utilizing germanium detectors enriched in the isotope 76Ge as both a source and detector. A key goal of the Demonstrator is to achieve a background of 3 counts per tonne-year in the region of interest using a compact copper and lead shield. Meeting such a stringent background limit necessitates the custom design of components from materials known to be clean. Most notable are the inner shield, the strings that hold the enriched detectors, and the module cryostats that contain the strings. These are fabricated from ultra-high purity copper that has been electroformed underground. A prototype module with strings of natural Ge detectors has been operated using a cryostat and components fabricated from commercial copper. Here we will highlight the performance of the prototype module and its role in assembly of the ultra-pure modules. We acknowledge support from the Office of Nuclear Physics in the DOE Office of Science, the Particle Astrophysics Program of the National Science Foundation, the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, and the Sanford Underground Research Laboratory.

  10. Development of MetaPortal Prototype and Communication Interface for Czech national environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bronislava Horáková; Roman Oűana

    The paper describes experiences with GeoNetwork opensource as a possible tool for building metaportal prototype und er conditions of the Czech republic environment. The project is developed unde r project UNSDI that is focused on building geoinformation infrastructure f or UN and cooperating organisations. The main part of the paper is focuse d on CSW 2.0 implementation in the GeoNetwork

  11. Occupancy Based Fault Detection on Building Level - a Feasibility Study

    E-print Network

    Tuip, B.; Houten, M.; Trcka, M.; Hensen, M.

    2010-01-01

    based on real time weather conditions and occupancy. Fault detection is performed by comparing this predicted consumption with measured values. The prototype procedure is currently tested in an office building in the Netherlands, the first results...

  12. Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Prototype Demonstration for Consumer Electronics Applications

    SciTech Connect

    Carlstrom, Charles, M., Jr.

    2009-07-07

    This report is the final technical report for DOE Program DE-FC36-04GO14301 titled “Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Prototype Demonstration for Consumer Electronics Applications”. Due to the public nature of this report some of the content reported in confidential reports and meetings to the DOE is not covered in detail in this report and some of the content has been normalized to not show actual values. There is a comparison of the projects accomplishments with the objectives, an overview of some of the key subsystem work, and a review of the three levels of prototypes demonstrated during the program. There is also a description of the eventual commercial product and market this work is leading towards. The work completed under this program has significantly increased the understanding of how Direct Methanol Fuel Cells (DMFC) can be deployed successfully to power consumer electronic devices. The prototype testing has demonstrated the benefits a direct methanol fuel cell system has over batteries typically used for powering consumer electronic devices. Three generations of prototypes have been developed and tested for performance, robustness and life. The technologies researched and utilized in the fuel cell stack and related subsystems for these prototypes are leveraged from advances in other industries such as the hydrogen fueled PEM fuel cell industry. The work under this program advanced the state of the art of direct methanol fuel cells. The system developed by MTI micro fuel cells aided by this program differs significantly from conventional DMFC designs and offers compelling advantages in the areas of performance, life, size, and simplicity. The program has progressed as planned resulting in the completion of the scope of work and available funding in December 2008. All 18 of the final P3 prototypes builds have been tested and the results showed significant improvements over P2 prototypes in build yield, initial performance, and durability. The systems have demonstrated robust operation when tested at various orientations, temperatures, and humidity levels. Durability testing has progressed significantly over the course of the program. MEA, engine, and system level steady state testing has demonstrated degradation rates acceptable for initial product introduction. Test duration of over 5000 hrs has been achieved at both the MEA and breadboard system level. P3 level prototype life testing on engines (stacks with reactant conditioning) showed degradation rates comparable to carefully constructed lab fixtures. This was a major improvement over the P2 and P1 engine designs, which exhibited substantial reductions in life and performance between the lab cell and the actual engine. Over the course of the work on the P3 technology set, a platform approach was taken to the system design. By working in this direction, a number of product iterations with substantial market potential were identified. Although the main effort has been the development of a prototype charger for consumer electronic devices, multiple other product concepts were developed during the program showing the wide variety of potential applications.

  13. Developments of the Sliding Launcher and Related Facilities for the New Japanese Balloon Base

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fuke, Hideyuki; Akita, Daisuke; Iijima, Issei; Izutsu, Naoki; Kato, Yoichi; Kawada, Jiro; Matsuzaka, Yukihiko; Mizuta, Eiichi; Namiki, Michiyoshi; Nonaka, Naoki; Ohta, Shigeo; Saito, Yoshitaka; Seo, Motoharu; Takada, Atsushi; Tamura, Keisuke; Toriumi, Michihiko; Yamada, Kazuhiko; Yamagami, Takamasa; Yoshida, Tetsuya

    Since 1971, more than 400 balloons have been launched from the Japanese balloon launch site, the Sanriku Balloon Center (SBC). In these 36 years, balloon technologies have been developed continuously and plenty of scientific achievements have been derived. Recently, however, we have been faced difficulties to further develop Japanese balloon activities. To solve this issue, we decided to move the balloon base from the SBC to the Multipurpose Aviation Park (MAP) in Taiki, Hokkaido. The MAP has an existing huge hanger and a paved launch pad, which we plan to utilize for balloon operations. From July 2007 to March 2008, new balloon facilities, including a new operation building and new launch equipments, have being constructed. They will enable us to launch larger balloons more safely and to perform balloon operations more effectively than ever before. The first balloon from the MAP is planned to be launched in May 2008.

  14. Agile manufacturing prototyping system (AMPS)

    SciTech Connect

    Garcia, P.

    1998-05-09

    The Agile Manufacturing Prototyping System (AMPS) is being integrated at Sandia National Laboratories. AMPS consists of state of the industry flexible manufacturing hardware and software enhanced with Sandia advancements in sensor and model based control; automated programming, assembly and task planning; flexible fixturing; and automated reconfiguration technology. AMPS is focused on the agile production of complex electromechanical parts. It currently includes 7 robots (4 Adept One, 2 Adept 505, 1 Staubli RX90), conveyance equipment, and a collection of process equipment to form a flexible production line capable of assembling a wide range of electromechanical products. This system became operational in September 1995. Additional smart manufacturing processes will be integrated in the future. An automated spray cleaning workcell capable of handling alcohol and similar solvents was added in 1996 as well as parts cleaning and encapsulation equipment, automated deburring, and automated vision inspection stations. Plans for 1997 and out years include adding manufacturing processes for the rapid prototyping of electronic components such as soldering, paste dispensing and pick-and-place hardware.

  15. Learners' Level of Understanding of the Inclusion Relations of Quadrilaterals and prototype Phenomenon

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fujita, Taro

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports on data from investigations on learners' understanding of inclusion relations of quadrilaterals, building on the ideas from our earlier study (Fujita & Jones, 2007). By synthesising past and current theories in the teaching of geometry (van Hiele's model, figural concepts, prototype phenomenon, etc.), we propose a theoretical…

  16. An education and research prototyping platform for switched reluctance motor drives

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Blanque; P. Andrada; J. Lopez

    2007-01-01

    A robust, modular and flexible prototyping platform for teaching and researching switched reluctance motor (SRM) drives is proposed. It is composed of a power electronic building block, a driver board, a measurement and interface board and a DSP controller board. All these parts were purpose-built, except the DSP controller board, which is commercially available (dSPACE ACE kit 1104 CLP). The

  17. Development of a steel rapid prototyping system based on TIG welding deposition technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Li Yulong; Zhang Hua; Hu RongHua; Xu Jianning

    2008-01-01

    This study presents a rapid prototyping (RP) system based on the tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding deposition technology. This system includes a TIG welding torch and a wire feeder for welding build-up, a numerical controlled milling equipment for controlling the movement of the welding torch and enhancing the precision of the deposition part, an industrial computer for sampling data and

  18. Power losses of IGBTs in an inverter prototype for high frequency inductive heating applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ulrich Schwarzer; Rik W. De Doncker

    2001-01-01

    An IGBT prototype inverter has been constructed for high frequency induction heating applications. This inverter has been installed and tested successfully in an experimental industrial platform. The inverter unit consists of only four high power IGBT modules, which build a full bridge inverter unit. Operating under almost zero current conditions, the IGBTs of the inverter unit deliver an output power

  19. Body, Mind, and Spirit: Feng Shui Applications for a Healing Environment Prototype

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shou-Jung Wei

    2006-01-01

    This thesis project explored the merging of eastern design theories with modern western building methods. More specifically, the thesis examined Feng Shui principles, specifically the methods used in the Form School. These Form School theories were synthesized together and used as a basis to inform the design of a cancer treatment facility prototype. Feng Shui emphasizes harmony with nature and

  20. PREESM: A DATAFLOW-BASED RAPID PROTOTYPING FRAMEWORK FOR SIMPLIFYING MULTICORE DSP PROGRAMMING

    E-print Network

    PREESM: A DATAFLOW-BASED RAPID PROTOTYPING FRAMEWORK FOR SIMPLIFYING MULTICORE DSP PROGRAMMING of multicore DSP systems by building on dataflow programming methods. The current functionalities. Several tutori- als are provided with the tool for fast initiation of C program- mers to multicore DSP

  1. Versatile PC\\/FPGA-Based Verification\\/Fast Prototyping Platform With Multimedia Applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yi-Li Lin; Chung-Ping Young; Alvin W. Y. Su

    2007-01-01

    For most integrated circuit (IC) design houses, building a dedicated field-programmable gate array (FPGA) verification board before the chip is tapped out is usually a requirement. The time and money spent on such boards are usually high. A versatile verification\\/fast prototyping platform consisting of an FPGA board and the associated System Software is presented. The FPGA board is connected to

  2. BUILDING INSPECTION Building, Infrastructure, Transportation

    E-print Network

    BUILDING INSPECTION Building, Infrastructure, Transportation City of Redwood City 1017 Middlefield Sacramento, Ca 95814-5514 Re: Green Building Ordinance and the Building Energy Efficiency Standards Per of Redwood City enforce the current Title 24 Building Energy Efficiency Standards as part

  3. High efficiency radioisotope thermophotovoltaic prototype generator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Avery, James E.; Samaras, John E.; Fraas, Lewis M.; Ewell, Richard

    1995-01-01

    A radioisotope thermophotovoltaic generator space power system (RTPV) is lightweight, low-cost alternative to the present radioisotope thermoelectric generator system (RTG). The fabrication of such an RTPV generator has recently become feasible as the result of the invention of the GaSb infrared sensitive photovoltaic cell. Herein, we present the results of a parametric study of emitters and optical filters in conjuction with existing data on gallium antimonide cells. We compare a polished tungsten emitter with an Erbia selective emitter for use in combination with a simple dielectric filter and a gallium antimonide cell array. We find that the polished tungsten emitter is by itself a very selective emitter with low emissivity beyond 4 microns. Given a gallium antimonide cell and a tungsten emitter, a simple dielectric filter can be designed to transmit radiant energy below 1.7 microns and to reflect radiant energy between 1.7 and 4 microns back to the emitter. Because of the low long wavelength emissivity associated with the polished tungsten emitter, this simple dielectric filter then yields very respectable system performance. Also as a result of the longer wavelength fall-off in the tungsten emissivity curve, the radiation energy peak for a polished tungsten emitter operating at 1300 K shifts to shorter wavelengths relative to the blackbody spectrum so that the radiated energy peak falls right at the gallium antimonide cell bandedge. The result is that the response of the gallium antimonide cell is well matched to a polished tungsten emitter. We propose, therefore, to fabricate an operating prototype of a near term radioisotope thermophotovoltaic generator design consisting of a polished tungsten emitter, standard gallium antimonide cells, and a near-term dielectric filter. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory will design and build the thermal cavity, and JX Crystals will fabricate the gallium antimonide cells, dielectric filters, and resultant receiver panels. With 250 Watts of heat input, we expect this prototype to produce over 300 Watts of electrical energy output for a system energy conversion efficiency of over 12%. This low risk, near term design provides advances relative to present radioisotope thermophotovoltaic generators and has the additional advantage of allowing component and system development and testing to begin immediately. Improved cells and filters can easily be incorporated in this baseline system if they should become available in the future.

  4. OPERATING THE WAND AND HERCULES PROTOTYPE SYSTEMS

    SciTech Connect

    K. GRUETZMACHER; ET AL

    2001-01-01

    Two prototype systems for low-density Green is Clean (GIC) waste at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) have been in operation for three years at the Solid Waste Operation's (SWOs) non-destructive assay (NDA) building. The Waste Assay for Nonradioactive Disposal (WAND) and the High Efficiency Radiation Counters for Ultimate Low Emission Sensitivity (HERCULES) are used to verify the waste generator's acceptable knowledge (AK) that low-density waste is nonradioactive. GIC waste includes all non-regulated waste generated in radiological controlled areas (RCAs) that has been actively segregated as ''clean'' (i.e., nonradioactive) through the use of waste generator AK. GIC waste that is verified clean can be disposed of at the Los Alamos County Landfill. It is estimated that 50-90% of the low-density room trash from RCAs at LANL might be free of contamination. To date, with pilot programs at five facilities at LANL, 3000 cubic feet of GIC waste has been verified clean by these two prototype systems. Both the WAND and HERCULES systems are highly sensitive measurement systems optimized to detect very small quantities of common LANL radionuclides. Both of the systems use a set of phoswich scintillation detectors in close proximity to the waste, which have the capability of detecting plutonium-239 concentrations below 3 pCi per gram of low density waste. Both systems detect low-energy x-rays and a broad range of gamma rays (10-2000 keV), while the WAND system also detects high energy beta particles (>100 keV). The WAND system consists of a bank of six shielded detectors which screen low density shredded waste or stacked sheets of paper moving under the detectors in a twelve inch swath on a conveyor belt. The WAND system was developed and tested at the Los Alamos Plutonium Facility in conjunction with instrument system designers from the Los Alamos Safeguards Science and Technology group. The HERCULES system consists of a bank of three shielded detectors which screen low-density waste in two cubic foot cardboard boxes or in bags sitting on a turntable. Waste that does not pass the verification process can be examined within the facility to determine the type and quantity of the contamination and its origin within a waste container. The paper discusses lessons learned that have helped generators improve their AK segregation.

  5. Modalities of Infant-Mother Interaction in Japanese, Japanese American Immigrant, and European American Dyads

    PubMed Central

    Bornstein, Marc H.; Cote, Linda R.; Haynes, O. Maurice; Suwalsky, Joan T. D.; Bakeman, Roger

    2011-01-01

    Cultural variation in relations and moment-to-moment contingencies of infant-mother person-oriented and object-oriented interactions were examined and compared in 118 Japanese, Japanese American immigrant, and European American dyads with 5.5-month-olds. Infant and mother person-oriented behaviors were positively related in all cultural groups, but infant and mother object-oriented behaviors were positively related only among European Americans. In all groups, infant and mother behaviors within each modality were mutually contingent. Culture moderated lead-lag relations: Japanese infants were more likely than their mothers to respond in object-oriented interactions, European American mothers were more likely than their infants to respond in person-oriented interactions. Japanese American dyads behaved more like European American dyads. Interaction, infant effects, and parent socialization findings are set in cultural and accultural models of transactions between young infants and their mothers. PMID:22860874

  6. The transformation of the Japanese commercial code and its impact on the Japanese economy

    E-print Network

    Yoshida, Toshihiro, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    The legal system is an essential basis of the society and economy of every country, and it changes continually in accordance with national social and economic situations. The Japanese Commercial Code is no exception. One ...

  7. SOPHOS -- SOuth Pole High-altitude ObServatory: Prototyping A Large Diameter, Sparsely Filled, Phased Array Telescope on a Tethered Aerostat in Antarctica

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Holland Ford; J. Bally; F. Bartko; P. Bely; R. Brown; R. Burg; J. Crocker; M. Dopita; G. Illingworth; J. Tilly; R. White

    1993-01-01

    Extrapolations of the cost and weight of the present Hubble Space Telescope to larger diameters lead to telescopes which are very heavy and expensive. We plan to build a prototype of a diffraction limited, large space telescope and fly the prototype on a tethered aerostat in Antarctica. During the austral winter the cold, stable, dry, high altitude environment over the

  8. DATABASE AND SIMULATION MODEL DEVELOPMENT FOR MODELLING THE ENERGY USE OF NON-RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yohei Yamaguchi; Yoshiyuki Shimoda

    This paper discusses modelling methodology of the energy use of a certain amount of building stock at the city\\/regional\\/national level. In the methodology, building stock is divided into several stock categories and unit energy consumption for each category is quantified by performing simulations using prototypical building models as simulation input each representing a building stock category. For accurately modelling the

  9. Effects of teriparatide in Japanese and non-Japanese populations: bridging findings on pharmacokinetics and efficacy.

    PubMed

    Tsujimoto, Mika; Uenaka, Kazunori; Iwata, Atsuko; Higashiuchi, Yoshihiro; Sowa, Hideaki

    2012-05-01

    Teriparatide is an anabolic therapy for osteoporosis approved in the United States since 2002 and European Union since 2003; however, approval in Japan lagged significantly. This report describes analyses based on International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH) E-5 guidelines that support bridging between Japanese studies and the large Fracture Prevention Trial (FPT). We analyzed data from single teriparatide doses in healthy Japanese and Caucasian postmenopausal women (J-PK) and from studies of 6 months [Phase 2, dose ranging (J-Ph2)] and 12 months [Phase 3, efficacy and safety (J-Ph3)] of randomized, placebo-controlled, once-daily treatment in Japanese subjects with osteoporosis. In J-PK, apparent teriparatide area-under-the-curve (AUC) and peak concentration (C (max)) were up to 40% higher in Japanese versus Caucasian women; however, body weight-adjusted values were comparable between populations; these findings were supported by population pharmacokinetic analyses. Between the FPT and Japanese studies, baseline demographic characteristics were similar but bone mineral density (BMD) at lumbar spine (L1-L4) and body weight were lower for Japanese subjects. With teriparatide 20 ?g/day, significant increases in BMD were observed compared to placebo at 12 months in both the FPT and J-Ph3 study, and percent change and actual change in BMD were comparable between studies. Dose response at 6 months was also comparable across populations. No novel safety signals were identified in Japanese subjects. These analyses show that teriparatide clinical data met ICH E-5 criteria for bridging. Findings from foreign trials such as the FPT can thus be extrapolated to Japanese subjects treated with teriparatide 20 ?g/day. PMID:21938381

  10. Tension measurements for COMPASS-II prototype drift chamber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Campbell, Christopher; Compass Team

    2013-10-01

    COMPASS-II is an approved fixed target experiment at CERN's Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) designed to investigate the origin of proton spin, specifically the contribution of Lquark and Lgluon . The experiment will be using the SPS's 190 GeV pion beam and a polarized NH3 target to study the pion-induced Drell-Yan process via deep inelastic scattering. Design and construction techniques are currently being prepared to build a drift chamber that will be installed as part of the COMPASS detector. As a part of that process, two prototype drift chambers have been developed and tested in order to prepare for construction of the final drift chamber. The latest prototype is 16 . 5 ' ' wide by 72'' long, with a total of 66 alternating field and signal wires divided among two parallel wire chambers. In order for any drift chamber to function properly and uniformly, the tensile characteristics of the wires must be measured, both before and after the wires have been soldered in the chamber. This poster will detail the methods and results of these measurements as they apply to the prototype.

  11. A first-generation prototype dynamic residential window

    SciTech Connect

    Kohler, Christian; Goudey, Howdy; Arasteh, Dariush

    2004-10-26

    We present the concept for a ''smart'' highly efficient dynamic window that maximizes solar heat gain during the heating season and minimizes solar heat gain during the cooling season in residential buildings. We describe a prototype dynamic window that relies on an internal shade, which deploys automatically in response to solar radiation and temperature. This prototype was built at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory from commercially available ''off-the-shelf'' components. It is a stand-alone, standard-size product, so it can be easily installed in place of standard window products. Our design shows promise for near-term commercialization. Improving thermal performance of this prototype by incorporating commercially available highly efficient glazing technologies could result in the first window that could be suitable for use in zero-energy homes. The unit's predictable deployment of shading could help capture energy savings that are not possible with manual shading. Installation of dynamically shaded windows in the field will allow researchers to better quantify the energy effects of shades, which could lead to increased efficiency in the sizing of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning equipment for residences.

  12. Denotational Semantics for interrogative Sentences in Japanese

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mitsuhiro Okada; Kazue Watanabe

    1993-01-01

    We present a new approach to a sentence of interrogative form in Japanese within the framework of Montague Grammar. The possibil- ity of various uses of an interrogative sentence; uses as a question, an exclamation, a rhetorical question, a demand and a recommendation is explained based on the same denotation for the sentence. The denotation which is neutral for all

  13. Request Strategies in British English and Japanese.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fukushima, Saeko

    1996-01-01

    Tests request strategies used by speakers of Japanese and British English in two culturally neutral situations likely to trigger a request. Concludes that the degree of imposition goes on a par with the number of politeness strategies but that there are differences in the types of strategies used: the British use conventional forms and supportive…

  14. What Has Become of the Japanese Model?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luke Gower

    1998-01-01

    O nation projects images of a distinctive system of political economy in quite the way that Japan does. During the 1970s and 1980s, many observ- ers became convinced that Japan's decades of consistently high economic growth were due to the unusual institutions of its capitalism. These idiosyncrasies were thought to constitute a 'Japanese model', from which policy-makers in other countries

  15. Change in Japanese encephalitis virus distribution, Thailand.

    PubMed

    Nitatpattana, Narong; Dubot-Pérčs, Audrey; Gouilh, Meriadeg Ar; Souris, Marc; Barbazan, Philippe; Yoksan, Sutee; de Lamballerie, Xavier; Gonzalez, Jean-Paul

    2008-11-01

    Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) genotypes in Thailand were studied in pigs and mosquitoes collected near houses of confirmed human JEV cases in 2003-2005. Twelve JEV strains isolated belonged to genotype I, which shows a switch from genotype III incidence that started during the 1980s. PMID:18976565

  16. Japanese-American Internment. A Historical Reader.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2000

    This Historical Reader on "Japanese American Internment" in World War II introduces students to key events and issues during the period through the voices of people with firsthand experienced. Source documents and illustrations are arranged in chronological order and/or thematic units that establish context. Each selection is followed by critical…

  17. Allergic mucocutaneous reactions to Japanese encephalitis vaccine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anne-Marie Plesner; Tove Rřnne

    1997-01-01

    Japanese encephalitis (JE) vaccine has been used in childhood immunization programmes in Asia for many years. Also travellers from other parts of the world have been vaccinated before travelling in Asian countries. Recommendations for the use of JE vaccine are still debated because severe cases of adverse reactions have been reported. In Denmark an inactivated JE vaccine derived from infected

  18. Processing of Japanese Kanji on a microcomputer

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. C. Ganeshsundaram

    1987-01-01

    In processing Japanese Kanji characters, many methods have been adopted for creating Kanji graphics or accessing stored characters with the help of a computer (see references 2-4 on Chinese character generation, retrieval and on-line recognition of handwritten Kanji, respectively), these methods use one or more of the following approaches:

  19. Japanese national policy towards the automobile

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Masaki Koshi; Masao Miyazaki; Shigeru Morichi; Yoji Takahashi; Yoshio Tsukio; Hitoshi Honda; Waichiro Hayashi

    1983-01-01

    This paper discusses Japanese policies to minimize the social costs of car use. The government has not been against the use of cars, but the cumulative effect of policies has been to discourage it.The background to policy is described: Japan's historical lack of roads for wheeled vehicles and the notion that private use of cars is luxurious and wasteful. Despite

  20. Japanese perspective of driver information systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hironao Kawashima

    1990-01-01

    A perspective view of of Japanese R&D activities of Driver Information Systems is given from the standpoint of developing joint projects by public and private sectors. First, a brief history of the R&D activities is illustrated from above mentioned standpoint. Then, two major projects, AMTICS and RACS, and the social backgrounds of these projects are explained. In order to give

  1. Knowledge graph analysis of particles in Japanese

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Hoede

    2005-01-01

    The theory of knowledge graphs is a structuralistic theory of language. Its ontology consists of eight types of binary relationships and four types of so-called frames. The relationships connect so-called tokens, that represent semantic units. In this way a graph structure arises. Japanese particles are investigated against the background of knowledge graph ontology. It is shown that the structure of

  2. Japanese Lesson Study Comes to California

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jetter, Madeleine; Hancock, Gwen

    2012-01-01

    Japanese lesson study--Jugyou kenkyuu--which is a cornerstone of Project DELTA (Developing Educators Learning to Teach Algebraically), adds a new twist: the teachers take turns publicly teaching the collaboratively planned lessons with their own students for the rest of the team to observe and then analyze, based on the students' learning. Lesson…

  3. The Virtual Museum of Japanese Arts

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This website of traditional Japanese treasures and culture was produced for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan and is a virtual museum that includes physical objects and other more intangible items of cultural patrimony, such as fighting styles and performance art. Visitors can scroll over any of the seven "galleries" to read a description of what types of work are contained within. The "Fine Arts" gallery is defined as those visual arts primarily concerned with the creation of beauty, such as architecture and gardens, painting, sculpture, and Ukiyoe. Upon choosing a section of the gallery, visitors can click on it, see examples of the art form, and read about the history of these traditions. The "Cafe" gallery is particularly interesting, and it is described as a "'refreshment space'...to enjoy learning more about the Japanese culture and traditions from many exotic perspectives." The Virtual Museum Theatre allows visitors to watch "Movies of Japanese Festivals" and "Movies of Japanese Martial Arts". An exhibit of Wagashi representing all seasons of the year, and celebrations, is worth a look and can also be found in the "Cafe" gallery. [KMG

  4. Radiation exposure limits for Japanese astronauts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Takahiro Abe; Tatsuto Komiyama; Tatsunori Suemitsu

    1999-01-01

    Starting in 2001, Japanese astronauts will live aboard the International Space Station (ISS) for 3 to 6 months a year. For astronauts, space radiation is primarily hazardous. Therefore, the National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) is developing a system for Space Radiation Safety Operations. This report describes our overall image of Space Radiation Safety Operations aboard the ISS, especially

  5. Konichi Wa: Japanese Videodisc Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eastmond, Nick; And Others

    "Konichi-Wa" is designed to teach Japanese language and culture via a multimedia videodisc, a teacher's guide, and supplemental cultural materials. Its objectives are to provide a learning experience for children in grades K-6 with instruction from a regular classroom teacher who has little or no formal language instruction training in foreign…

  6. Automated Japanese essay scoring system:jess

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tsunenori ISHIOKA; Masayuki KAMEDA

    2004-01-01

    We have developed an automated Japanese essay scoring system named jess. The system evaluates an essay from three features: (1) rhetoric - ease of reading, diversity of vocabulary, percentage of big words (long, difficult words), and percentage of passive sentences; (2) organization - characteristics associated with the orderly presentation of ideas, such as rhetorical features and linguistic cues; (3) contents

  7. Automated Japanese Essay Scoring System: Jess

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tsunenori Ishioka; Masayuki Kameda

    2004-01-01

    We have developed an automated Japanese essay scoring system named jess. The system evaluates an essay from three features: (1) Rhetoric | ease of read- ing, diversity of vocabulary, percentage of big words (long, dicult words), and percentage of passive sen- tences, (2) Organization | characteristics associated with the orderly presentation of ideas, such as rhetori- cal features and linguistic

  8. Can the Japanese Change Their Education System?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Roger, Ed.; Phillips, David, Ed.

    The nine papers included in this book are: "The Why, What and How of Educational Reform in Japan" (Roger Goodman); "Why Reform Japanese Education?" (William K. Cummings); "Destruction and Reconstruction: A Comparative Analysis of the Education Reform in Japan and Germany under the U.S. Military Occupation After World War Two" (Masako Shibata);…

  9. Complementizer Drop And IP Complementation in Japanese

    E-print Network

    Fukuda, Minoru

    2000-01-01

    The main purpose of the present paper is to provide a principled account for a phenomenon called "Complementizer Drop" in the dialects of Japanese and its related phenomena in teens of the head-raising approach without recourse to the ECP or GB...

  10. Head-Internal Relative Clauses in Japanese.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ishii, Yasuo

    This study attempts to account for the distributional restrictions of Japanese head-internal relative clauses, and the restrictions on accessibility of noun phrases to head internal relativization in terms of the Empty Category Principle (ECP). The data indicate that there is a subject/object asymmetry in the distribution of the head - internal…

  11. Water resources in the Japanese Islands

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Takagi

    2005-01-01

    Due to its limited land area and limited range of natural resources (particularly fuel), Japan has developed a highly efficient economy in terms of resource utilization. This also applies to water resources. For sustainable use of water resources in the Japanese Islands, integrated and unified analyses of the data of groundwater by the nation and local governments have been needed.

  12. [The Japanese health system: lasting reform is impossible].

    PubMed

    Mossé, Philippe R; Takeuchi, Momoe

    2003-02-01

    This article analyses the main features of the Japanese health care system. It also analyses its recent changes facing the aging of the population, the need to improve quality of care and the necessity to contain cost. As far as the main characteristics are concerned, the accent is first put on the information asymmetry in the physician-patient relationships. Then the so-called "clinics" are described as the symbol of the coexistence of private and public health service provision. Finally, the "fee schedule" is presented as one of the main regulation tools. As for the recent reforms, it is shown that they are implemented in an incremental way. That is to say that the recent changes maintain the core of the health care system. They comfort the main value (such as equity) and the main institutions involved in the regulation process (such as the central administration or the Japanese Medical Association). They also maintain the regulation process (i.e. the continuous negotiation). As examples of such reform strategies, the article deals with the creation of a new insurance for aged people (named long term care insurance), the changes in the health seeking behavior, the division of labor between health care providers and some preparative steps for possible unification of multiple insurance. It is for example shown that the collective management of the "fee schedule" leads to an actual incentive. It pushes forward some medical practices (such as the use of high technology screening) or slow down others (such as selling drugs). But it is also a symbol of the regulation process itself. In effect, as this list is regularly revised, it gives to all the partners the opportunity to meet each other, to build a rather broad consensus and, thus, to enhance the strength of the whole system. As a result it is shown that the market logic that many western countries try to implement, through managed care techniques, do not fit the Japanese system and must be seen as inefficient. PMID:12836617

  13. The Computational Chemistry Prototyping Environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    KIM K. BALDRIDGE; JERRY P. GREENBERG; WIBKE SUDHOLT; STEPHEN MOCK; ILKAY ALTINTAS; CELINE AMOREIRA; YOHANN POTIER; ADAM BIRNBAUM; KARAN BHATIA; MICHELA TAUFER

    2005-01-01

    Evolving technologies, as exemplified by computational grids and Web services, have made it possible to solve new scientific problems that would not have been feasible previously. In order to make such advances available to the community in general and to be able to solve new problems, not necessarily from the same discipline, it is imperative to build tools that provide

  14. 39. VIEW LOOKING NORTH INTO THE REAR OF THE BUILDING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    39. VIEW LOOKING NORTH INTO THE REAR OF THE BUILDING COMPLEX AND SERVICE COURT. (NOTE: HISTORIC JAPANESE FALSE CYPRESS AND HINOKI FALSE CYPRESS IN CENTER; FRAMING FOR BLUEPRINT PRODUCTION EVIDENT ON SECOND STORY OF OFFICE WING TO LEFT). - Fairsted, 99 Warren Street, Brookline, Norfolk County, MA

  15. Interfacing BIM with Building Thermal and Daylighting Modeling 

    E-print Network

    Yan, Wei; Clayton, Mark; Haberl, Jeff; WoonSeong, Jeong; Bun Kim, Jong; Sandeep, Kota; Bermudez, Jose; Dixit, Manish

    2013-01-01

    may be reduced significantly due to the use of automatic translation between BIM and building energy models. For example, in the sample of BESTEST Case 600 in LBNL Modelica Buildings library, the two windows on the south wall need to be combined... whose structures are in between (or a hybrid of) BIM and the building models in LBNL Modelica Buildings library, to facilitate the mapping from BIM to Modelica energy models. Based on BIM (geometry, materials, location, etc.), the prototype will output...

  16. SIMULATION SUPPORT IN DESIGNING THE TRANSFORMATION OF URBAN BUILDING STOCK AND ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yohei Yamaguchi; Yoshiyuki Shimoda; Minoru Mizuno

    The transition of the urban building stock and infrastructure to sustainable forms is a key challenge in modern planning. The purpose of this paper is to propose a simulation model for energy use in the Japanese commercial sector. This model enables a user to consider a variety of energy-management concepts and discuss how urban building stock and infrastructure can be

  17. The Japanese science education centers.

    PubMed

    Glass, B

    1966-10-14

    These six Japanese science education centers signify a sweeping reform of elementary and secondary school science teaching. They achieve their striking results because they are established on a permanent, local basis and are supported mainly by the local boards of education. They have avoided control by pedagogues and specialists in "education." Instead, they are operated by trained scientists and experienced school teachers who work together to devise programs specially suited to the needs of their teachers. With small and practicable steps, the teachers improve their understanding of methods which they can readily test in their own classrooms rooms and laboratories. The laboratory equipment in the science education centers is only slightly superior to that which the teachers have in their own schools, but superior enough to make them desire to improve their own facilities. Major facilities, such as x-ray machines, electron microscopes, telescopes (15-cm), and machine shops, as well as good working collections of minerals and fossils, and adequate greenhouses, permit the teachers to work with more expensive equipment, to gain a firsthand knowledge of its operation, and to bring groups of students to the center to observe what such instruments make possible. The use of American experimental course content improvement programs is widespread. Every science education center I visited is using PSSC, CHEMS, CBA, BSCS, or ESCP materials and studying the philosophy of these programs. Yet no center is entirely dependent on these programs, but uses them critically to supplement and improve its own courses. The emphasis is on good laboratory and field teaching as a basis for understanding scientific methods and concepts. Science as investigation and inquiry, instead of treatment solely as an authoritative body of facts, is coming into its own. The few defects of the science education centers of Japan inhere in the educational situation itself. The centers are at present inadequate to reach even a reasonable proportion of the science teachers within a 5-year, or even a 10-year cycle. The shortage of substitute teachers causes most of the courses to be far too brief for maximum effectiveness. Staff programming tends to be rather spotty instead of comprehensive. A major difficulty, frequently expressed, lies in the grim hold of the university entrance examination system over the science curricula of the lower schools. The university is the goal of every able student, for economic as well as intellectual reasons. To enter a university he must pass the examinations, which are established separately by each institution. The professor who makes out the examination questions therefore controls what must be taught and learned in the lower schools. This same rigorous control is in part reflected in the Ministry of Education syllabi, which must be followed by the teachers. Nevertheless, I found the men in the biological section of the Ministry of Education very enlightened and pressing for change. Many professors in the universities are also in the full current of modern biological thought, participate gladly in the programs of the science education centers, and would write examinations that emphasize interpreting data, applying tests to hypotheses, and drawing valid conclusions instead of merely memorizing and regurgitating facts. On the other hand, in many universities the upper positions are still filled by men to whom biology means classification rather than experimentation, morphology rather than biochemistry, organ physiology rather than cell biology. We cannot afford to discard taxonomy, morphology, or gross physiology-they are important parts of biology and will remain so. But they do not comprise all of biology-they are only a diminishing proportion of it. In Japan, as in the United States, the examination system must become more flexible. It must change with the development of science itself, must encourage scientific attitudes and cease defeating the introduction of new disciplines, new outlooks, new subject matter. The

  18. Prototype selection: Combining self-generating prototypes and Gaussian mixtures for pattern classification

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cristiano De S. Pereira; George D. C. Cavalcanti

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents an investigation into prototype-based classifiers. Different methods have been pro- posed to deal with this problem. There are two main classes of prototype-selection algorithms. The first is merely selective, in which the resulting set of prototypes is formed by well- chosen samples from the training set. The second is known as the creative class of algorithms. This

  19. U-PLANT GEOGRAPHIC ZONE CLEANUP PROTOTYPE

    SciTech Connect

    ROMINE, L.D.

    2006-02-01

    The U Plant geographic zone (UPZ) occupies 0.83 square kilometers on the Hanford Site Central Plateau (200 Area). It encompasses the U Plant canyon (221-U Facility), ancillary facilities that supported the canyon, soil waste sites, and underground pipelines. The UPZ cleanup initiative coordinates the cleanup of the major facilities, ancillary facilities, waste sites, and contaminated pipelines (collectively identified as ''cleanup items'') within the geographic zone. The UPZ was selected as a geographic cleanup zone prototype for resolving regulatory, technical, and stakeholder issues and demonstrating cleanup methods for several reasons: most of the area is inactive, sufficient characterization information is available to support decisions, cleanup of the high-risk waste sites will help protect the groundwater, and the zone contains a representative cross-section of the types of cleanup actions that will be required in other geographic zones. The UPZ cleanup demonstrates the first of 22 integrated zone cleanup actions on the Hanford Site Central Plateau to address threats to groundwater, the environment, and human health. The UPZ contains more than 100 individual cleanup items. Cleanup actions in the zone will be undertaken using multiple regulatory processes and decision documents. Cleanup actions will include building demolition, waste site and pipeline excavation, and the construction of multiple, large engineered barriers. In some cases, different cleanup actions may be taken at item locations that are immediately adjacent to each other. The cleanup planning and field activities for each cleanup item must be undertaken in a coordinated and cohesive manner to ensure effective execution of the UPZ cleanup initiative. The UPZ zone cleanup implementation plan (ZCIP) was developed to address the need for a fundamental integration tool for UPZ cleanup. As UPZ cleanup planning and implementation moves forward, the ZCIP is intended to be a living document that will provide a focal point for integrating UPZ actions, including field cleanup activities, waste staging and handling, and post-cleanup monitoring and institutional controls.

  20. Building Green

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Information designed to help building industry professionals and policy makers to improve environmental performance and reduce the adverse impacts of buildings. Offers print and electronic resources to help industry professionals to take an integrated design approach that will minimize ecological impact and maximize economic performance. The publications related to green building include Environmental Building News - a monthly newsletter that is independently published and advertising-free; The GreenSpec Product Directory; and Green Building Advisor.

  1. dE/dx prototype test

    SciTech Connect

    Va'vra, J.; Rust, D.

    1980-10-01

    A small prototype of a multiwire dE/dx detector was tested in SLAC's test beam. The basic concept of the detector was similar to the JADE drift cell design. The purpose of the test was to decide on some design parameters for a full size prototype, which is now in construction.

  2. Magnetic Measurement of the VSX Prototype Magnets

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Y. Kamiya; T. Koseki; H. Kudo; N. Nakamura; K. Shinoe; H. Takaki; Y. Takiyama

    The prototype models of the dipole, quadrupole and sextupole magnets for the VSX storage ring have been fabricated. The field measurement of the prototypes is now in progress at the Institute for Solid State Physics (ISSP), the University of Tokyo. The measurement is being carried out using three-dimensional actuator with a Hall probe for the dipole, and radial coils (long

  3. Prototype Geologic Database and Users Guide

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2003-01-01

    The work described here is aimed at assembling a prototype database of raw geologic data typically used to identify and differentiate hydrologically significant lithostratigraphic units. The domain of the prototype database was focused on the T, TX, TY Tank farm area and the 216-Z-9 Trench area in 200 West Area and focused on ''orphan'' data that was not already captured

  4. Selective Immigration and Ethnic Economic Achievement: Japanese Americans before World War II

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Masao Suzuki

    2002-01-01

    This article examines the determinants of Japanese immigrant economic achievement in the continental United States before World War II. Japanese immigrants to the United States were a select group in terms of their occupational background and education relative to the Japanese population as a whole because of the restrictions imposed on Japanese immigration by both the Japanese and U.S. governments.

  5. ALICE electromagnetic calorimeter prototype test

    SciTech Connect

    Awes, Terry; /Oak Ridge

    2005-09-01

    This Memorandum of Understanding between the Test Beam collaborators and Fermilab is for the use of beam time at Fermilab during the Fall, 2005 Meson Test Beam Run. The experimenters plan to measure the energy, position, and time resolution of prototype modules of a large electromagnetic calorimeter proposed to be installed in the ALICE experiment at the LHC. The ALICE experiment is one of the three large approved LHC experiments, with ALICE placing special emphasis on the LHC heavy-ion program. The large electromagnetic calorimeter (EMCal) is a US initiative that is endorsed by the ALICE collaboration and is currently in the early stages of review by the Nuclear Physics Division of the DOE. The installation in the test beam at FNAL and test beam measurements will be carried out by the US members of the ALICE collaboration (ALICE-USA). The overall design of the ALICE EMCal is heavily influenced by its location within the ALICE L3 magnet. The EMCal is to be located inside the large room temperature magnet within a cylindrical integration volume approximately l12cm deep, by 5.6m in length, sandwiched between the ALICE TPC space frame and the L3 magnet coils. The chosen technology is a layered Pb-scintillator sampling calorimeter with a longitudinal pitch of 1.6mm Pb and 1.6mm scintillator. The full detector spans {eta} = -0.7 to {eta} = 0.7 with an azimuthal acceptance of {Delta}{phi} = 120{sup o}. The EMCal readout is of a ''Shish-Kabob'' type similar to the PHENIX Pb-scintillator sampling calorimeter in which the scintillation light is collected via wavelength shifting fibers running through the Pb-scintillator tiles perpendicular to the front surface. The detector is segmented into {approx}14000 towers. The basic structural units of the calorimeter are supermodules, each subtending approximately {approx}20{sup o} in {Delta}{phi} and 0.7 units in {Delta}{eta}. Supermodules are assembled from individual modules. The modules are further segmented into 2 x 2 individually read out towers. The fibers from an individual tower are grouped together to form readout tower bundles. These are each optically coupled to an avalanche photodiode (APO) via a short light guide to provide some spatial optical mixing and to match the fiber bundle to the APO. The module assembly is indicated in Figure l. The supermodules weigh about 9.6 tons and are the basic units handled during installation. Each supermodule is roughly I45cm wide at the front surface by 350cm long with an active depth of 24.5cm (at {eta} = 0) plus an additional 6.6 cm of depth in structural plates. The physical characteristics of the ALICE EMCal are summarized in Table 1. The EMCal test beam measurements at FNAL will utilize a stacked 4 x 4 array of prototype EMCal modules (8 x 8 towers). All towers will be instrumented with the same model APO and preamplifier as will be used in the ALICE experiment and all channels will be readout with existing prototype front end electronics intended for use in ALICE. The goals of the test beam measurements are: To investigate the energy resolution, linearity, uniformity, and position resolution, using electron beams; To study the energy dependence of the response to electrons and hadrons to determine the particle identification capabilities of the EMCal by shower shape; And to investigate the timing characteristics of the energy signal for crude time-of-flight measurement ({approx} 1ns) for use for anti-neutron rejection. Measurements will be made for comparison with different signal shaping times in the front end electronics.

  6. Living in the tide of change: explaining Japanese subjective health from the socio-demographic change.

    PubMed

    Hitokoto, Hidefumi; Tanaka-Matsumi, Junko

    2014-01-01

    Today, countries around the world are caught in the tide of change toward Gesellshaft, or individualistic socio-demographic condition. Recent investigations in Japan have suggested negative impacts of change on emotional and motivational aspects of the Japanese self (Norasakkunkit et al., 2012; Ogihara and Uchida, 2014). Building on previous findings, in Study 1, we measured socio-demographic change toward individualistic societal condition during 1990-2010-two decades marked by great economic recession-at the levels of prefecture and city using archival data. In Study 2, we tested whether Japanese adults' general health, satisfaction with life, self-esteem, and perceived social support were negatively predicted by the change using social survey. Results of hierarchical linear modeling showed small but unique negative effects of the change on several health measures, suggesting that this change had an impact on health, above and beyond individual personality traits, and demographics. Additionally, interdependent happiness, the type of cultural happiness grounded in interdependence of the self (Hitokoto and Uchida, 2014), showed an independent positive relationship with all aspects of health examined. Implications for health studies in changing socio-demographic condition are discussed in the context of Japanese society after economic crisis. PMID:25400604

  7. Disability and stigma: how Japanese educators help parents accept their children's differences.

    PubMed

    Kayama, Misa; Haight, Wendy

    2014-01-01

    In this report, part of a larger ethnographic study, the authors examined the support Japanese elementary school educators provide to parents of children with relatively mild cognitive and behavioral disabilities, such as learning disabilities, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorders, and high-functioning autism. Conditions that affect children's learning and behaviors are widespread, but cultures vary in responses to children with such difficulties and their families. In many cultures, disability remains a sensitive issue due to lingering stigma. Japan's recent implementation of special education services for children with mild cognitive and behavioral disabilities provided a unique context in which to examine otherwise taken-for-granted beliefs and practices related to disability. Participant observations in a Japanese elementary school and individual interviews with educators and parents suggest that parents' sensitivity to other people's "eyes," or stigma, can be an obstacle to their acceptance of their children's need for special education, permission for their children to receive services, and collaboration with educators. Educators supported parents through a steadfast focus on emotional support, communication, relationship building, and partnerships. Japanese practices and adults' reflections on stigma provide a broader context for international, school, and other social workers to reflect on their own beliefs and practices with families of children with disabilities. PMID:24640228

  8. Randomized phase III trial of regorafenib in metastatic colorectal cancer: analysis of the CORRECT Japanese and non-Japanese subpopulations.

    PubMed

    Yoshino, Takayuki; Komatsu, Yoshito; Yamada, Yasuhide; Yamazaki, Kentaro; Tsuji, Akihito; Ura, Takashi; Grothey, Axel; Van Cutsem, Eric; Wagner, Andrea; Cihon, Frank; Hamada, Yoko; Ohtsu, Atsushi

    2015-06-01

    Background In the international, phase III, randomized, double-blind CORRECT trial, regorafenib significantly prolonged overall survival (OS) versus placebo in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) that had progressed on all standard therapies. This post hoc analysis evaluated the efficacy and safety of regorafenib in Japanese and non-Japanese subpopulations in the CORRECT trial. Methods Patients were randomized 2 : 1 to regorafenib 160 mg once daily or placebo for weeks 1-3 of each 4-week cycle. The primary endpoint was OS. Outcomes were assessed using descriptive statistics. Results One hundred Japanese and 660 non-Japanese patients were randomized to regorafenib (n?=?67 and n?=?438) or placebo (n?=?33 and n?=?222). Regorafenib had a consistent OS benefit in the Japanese and non-Japanese subpopulations, with hazard ratios of 0.81 (95 % confidence interval [CI] 0.43-1.51) and 0.77 (95 % CI 0.62-0.94), respectively. Regorafenib-associated hand-foot skin reaction, hypertension, proteinuria, thrombocytopenia, and lipase elevations occurred more frequently in the Japanese subpopulation than in the non-Japanese subpopulation, but were generally manageable. Conclusion Regorafenib appears to have comparable efficacy in Japanese and non-Japanese subpopulations, with a manageable adverse-event profile, suggesting that this agent could potentially become a standard of care in patients with mCRC. PMID:25213161

  9. Wireless Augmented Reality Prototype (WARP)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Devereaux, A. S.

    1999-01-01

    Initiated in January, 1997, under NASA's Office of Life and Microgravity Sciences and Applications, the Wireless Augmented Reality Prototype (WARP) is a means to leverage recent advances in communications, displays, imaging sensors, biosensors, voice recognition and microelectronics to develop a hands-free, tetherless system capable of real-time personal display and control of computer system resources. Using WARP, an astronaut may efficiently operate and monitor any computer-controllable activity inside or outside the vehicle or station. The WARP concept is a lightweight, unobtrusive heads-up display with a wireless wearable control unit. Connectivity to the external system is achieved through a high-rate radio link from the WARP personal unit to a base station unit installed into any system PC. The radio link has been specially engineered to operate within the high- interference, high-multipath environment of a space shuttle or space station module. Through this virtual terminal, the astronaut will be able to view and manipulate imagery, text or video, using voice commands to control the terminal operations. WARP's hands-free access to computer-based instruction texts, diagrams and checklists replaces juggling manuals and clipboards, and tetherless computer system access allows free motion throughout a cabin while monitoring and operating equipment.

  10. Mars Spark Source Prototype Developed

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Eichenberg, Dennis J.; Lindamood, Glenn R.; VanderWal, Randall L.; Weiland, Karen J.

    2000-01-01

    The Mars Spark Source Prototype (MSSP) hardware was developed as part of a proof of concept system for the detection of trace metals such as lead, cadmium, and arsenic in Martian dusts and soils. A spark discharge produces plasma from a soil sample, and detectors measure the optical emission from metals in the plasma to identify and quantify them. Trace metal measurements are vital in assessing whether or not the Martian environment will be toxic to human explorers. The current method of x-ray fluorescence can yield concentrations of major species only. Other instruments are incompatible with the volume, weight, and power constraints for a Mars mission. The new instrument will be developed primarily for use in the Martian environment, but it would be adaptable for terrestrial use in environmental monitoring. The NASA Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field initiated the development of the MSSP as part of Glenn's Director's Discretionary Fund project for the Spark Analysis Detection of Trace Metal Species in Martian Dusts and Soils. The objective of this project is to develop and demonstrate a compact, sensitive optical instrument for the detection of trace hazardous metals in Martian dusts and soils.

  11. Construction of Prototype Lightweight Mirrors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Robinson, William G.

    1997-01-01

    This contract and the work described was in support of a Seven Segment Demonstrator (SSD) and demonstration of a different technology for construction of lightweight mirrors. The objectives of the SSD were to demonstrate functionality and performance of a seven segment prototype array of hexagonal mirrors and supporting electromechanical components which address design issues critical to space optics deployed in large space based telescopes for astronomy and for optics used in spaced based optical communications systems. The SSD was intended to demonstrate technologies which can support the following capabilities; Transportation in dense packaging to existing launcher payload envelopes, then deployable on orbit to form space telescope with large aperture. Provide very large (less than 10 meters) primary reflectors of low mass and cost. Demonstrate the capability to form a segmented primary or quaternary mirror into a quasi-continuous surface with individual subapertures phased so that near diffraction limited imaging in the visible wavelength region is achieved. Continuous compensation of optical wavefront due to perturbations caused by imperfections, natural disturbances, and equipment induced vibrations/deflections to provide near diffraction limited imaging performance in the visible wavelength region. Demonstrate the feasibility of fabricating such systems with reduced mass and cost compared to past approaches. While the SSD could not be expected to satisfy all of the above capabilities, the intent was to start identifying and understanding new technologies that might be applicable to these goals.

  12. An overview of Japanese occupational health.

    PubMed

    Reich, M R; Frumkin, H

    1988-07-01

    This paper provides an overview of Japanese occupational health and evaluates the current situation from three perspectives. Major occupational health hazards are assessed using four sources of data, showing patterns similar to those found in other advanced industrial societies. Institutional structures for occupational health policy are then examined, illustrating strengths and weaknesses of the Japanese legal and administrative systems. Trade union activities are presented, indicating the constraints of enterprise unions, and the tendency for a greater orientation toward compensation than prevention. Significant occupational health problems persist among marginal workers in Japan, including women and various minority groups. The analysis demonstrates a record for occupational health in Japan considerably more mixed than the conventional view. PMID:2968056

  13. Relative age effect in Japanese male athletes.

    PubMed

    Nakata, Hiroki; Sakamoto, Kiwako

    2011-10-01

    The present study investigated the relative age effect, a biased distribution of elite athletes' birthdates, in Japanese male athletes. Japan applies a unique annual-age grouping for sport and education, which is from April 1 to March 31 of the following year. A total of 4,318 male athletes was evaluated from 12 sports: baseball, soccer, basketball, volleyball, handball, golf, horse racing, rugby, American football, sumo, Ekiden (track and field in long distance), and badminton. They played in the top level of Japanese leagues for each sport in 2010. The distribution of the birth dates was examined in each sport and showed significant relative age effect in baseball, soccer, volleyball, Ekiden, basketball, sumo, and horse racing, but not in all sports. The findings suggest that although the school year in Japan starts on April 1, significant relative age effects are observed in some sporting events. PMID:22185072

  14. Japanese children's understanding of notational systems.

    PubMed

    Takahashi, Noboru

    2012-12-01

    This study examined Japanese children's understanding of two Japanese notational systems: hiragana and kanji. In three experiments, 126 3- to 6-year-olds were asked to name words written in hiragana or kanji as they appeared with different pictures. Consistent with Bialystok (Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2000, Vol. 76, pp. 173-189), 3- and 4-year-olds' identification of written words varied according to the picture with which they appeared, and older children named the words with different pictures more accurately. The 4-year-olds who could read words written in hiragana but could not read words written in kanji named both hiragana words and kanji words with different pictures more accurately than those who could not read hiragana and kanji words. The interrelationship between the symbol-sound relationships and the symbol-referent relationships of notational systems is discussed. PMID:22974468

  15. Cultivation of larvae of Japanese eel

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Yamauchi; M. Nakamura; H. Takahashi; K. Takano

    1976-01-01

    ALTHOUGH the breeding place of the European eel has been detected1, the morphology and ecology of their larvae, especially in pre-leptocephalus stages, still remain to be investigated. We have, however, succeeded2-4 in obtaining some pre-larvae of the Japanese eel, Anguilla japonica, following artificial induction of maturation and spawning in aquaria, the larvae survived for only 6 d; their teeth characteristic

  16. Japanese Computational Grid Research Project: NAREGI

    Microsoft Academic Search

    SATOSHI MATSUOKA; S. Shinjo; MUTSUMI AOYAGI; SATOSHI SEKIGUCHI; HITOHIDE USAMI; KENICHI MIURA

    2005-01-01

    The National Research Grid Initiative (NAREGI) is one of the major Japanese national IT projects currently being conducted. NAREGI will cover the period 2003-2007, and collaboration among industry, academia, and the government will play a key role in its success. The Center for Grid Research and Development has been established as a center for R&D of high-performance, scalable grid middleware

  17. Japanese Next Solar Mission: SOLAR-C

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Sakao; W. G. Solar-C

    2008-01-01

    We present introductory overview on the next Japanese solar mission, SOLAR-C, which has been envisaged following the success of Hinode (SOLAR-B) mission. Two plans, Plan A and Plan B, are under extensive study from science objectives as well as engineering point of view. Plan A aims to perform out-of-ecliptic observations for investigating, with helioseismic approach, internal structure and dynamo mechanisms

  18. Development of a neutronics calculation method for designing commercial type Japanese sodium-cooled fast reactor

    SciTech Connect

    Takeda, T.; Shimazu, Y.; Hibi, K.; Fujimura, K. [Research Inst. of Nuclear Engineering, Univ. of Fukui, 1cho-me 2gaiku 4, Kanawa-cho, Tsuruga-shi, Fukui 914-0055 (Japan)

    2012-07-01

    Under the R and D project to improve the modeling accuracy for the design of fast breeder reactors the authors are developing a neutronics calculation method for designing a large commercial type sodium- cooled fast reactor. The calculation method is established by taking into account the special features of the reactor such as the use of annular fuel pellet, inner duct tube in large fuel assemblies, large core. The Verification and Validation, and Uncertainty Qualification (V and V and UQ) of the calculation method is being performed by using measured data from the prototype FBR Monju. The results of this project will be used in the design and analysis of the commercial type demonstration FBR, known as the Japanese Sodium fast Reactor (JSFR). (authors)

  19. Rapid prototyping and stereolithography in dentistry

    PubMed Central

    Nayar, Sanjna; Bhuminathan, S.; Bhat, Wasim Manzoor

    2015-01-01

    The word rapid prototyping (RP) was first used in mechanical engineering field in the early 1980s to describe the act of producing a prototype, a unique product, the first product, or a reference model. In the past, prototypes were handmade by sculpting or casting, and their fabrication demanded a long time. Any and every prototype should undergo evaluation, correction of defects, and approval before the beginning of its mass or large scale production. Prototypes may also be used for specific or restricted purposes, in which case they are usually called a preseries model. With the development of information technology, three-dimensional models can be devised and built based on virtual prototypes. Computers can now be used to create accurately detailed projects that can be assessed from different perspectives in a process known as computer aided design (CAD). To materialize virtual objects using CAD, a computer aided manufacture (CAM) process has been developed. To transform a virtual file into a real object, CAM operates using a machine connected to a computer, similar to a printer or peripheral device. In 1987, Brix and Lambrecht used, for the first time, a prototype in health care. It was a three-dimensional model manufactured using a computer numerical control device, a type of machine that was the predecessor of RP. In 1991, human anatomy models produced with a technology called stereolithography were first used in a maxillofacial surgery clinic in Viena. PMID:26015715

  20. Rapid prototyping and stereolithography in dentistry.

    PubMed

    Nayar, Sanjna; Bhuminathan, S; Bhat, Wasim Manzoor

    2015-04-01

    The word rapid prototyping (RP) was first used in mechanical engineering field in the early 1980s to describe the act of producing a prototype, a unique product, the first product, or a reference model. In the past, prototypes were handmade by sculpting or casting, and their fabrication demanded a long time. Any and every prototype should undergo evaluation, correction of defects, and approval before the beginning of its mass or large scale production. Prototypes may also be used for specific or restricted purposes, in which case they are usually called a preseries model. With the development of information technology, three-dimensional models can be devised and built based on virtual prototypes. Computers can now be used to create accurately detailed projects that can be assessed from different perspectives in a process known as computer aided design (CAD). To materialize virtual objects using CAD, a computer aided manufacture (CAM) process has been developed. To transform a virtual file into a real object, CAM operates using a machine connected to a computer, similar to a printer or peripheral device. In 1987, Brix and Lambrecht used, for the first time, a prototype in health care. It was a three-dimensional model manufactured using a computer numerical control device, a type of machine that was the predecessor of RP. In 1991, human anatomy models produced with a technology called stereolithography were first used in a maxillofacial surgery clinic in Viena. PMID:26015715

  1. Developmental Sentence Scoring for Japanese (DSSJ)

    PubMed Central

    Miyata, Susanne; MacWhinney, Brian; Otomo, Kiyoshi; Sirai, Hidetosi; Oshima-Takane, Yuriko; Hirakawa, Makiko; Shirai, Yasuhiro; Sugiura, Masatoshi; Itoh, Keiko

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on the development and use of the Developmental Sentence Scoring for Japanese (DSSJ), a new morpho-syntactical measure for Japanese constructed after the model of the English Developmental Sentence Scoring model (Lee, 1974). Using this measure, we calculated DSSJ scores for 84 children divided into six age groups between 2;8 and 5;2 on the basis of 100-sentence samples collected from free-play child-adult conversations. The analysis showed a high correlation of the DSSJ overall score with the Mean Length of Utterance. The analysis of the DSSJ subarea scores revealed large variations between these subarea scores for children with similar overall DSSJ scores. When investigating the high-scoring children (over 1 SD over group average), most children scored high in three to five subareas, but the combination of scores for these subareas varied from child to child. It is concluded that DSSJ is a valuable tool especially for the language acquisition research. The overall DSSJ score reliably reflects the overall morpho-syntactic development of Japanese children, and the subarea scores provide specific information on individual acquisition patterns. PMID:25414535

  2. Impact Schedule Building Interactive Digital Libraries

    E-print Network

    New Ideas Impact Schedule Building Interactive Digital Libraries of Formal Algorithmic Knowledge Winter 2002 Elaborate conceptual basis for FDL Implement Prototype Formal Digital Library Add content with Nuprl, MetaPRL, PVS Migrate Nuprl, MetaPRL, PVS libraries into common repository Develop mechanisms

  3. Quiet Passages: The Japanese-American War Bride Experience

    E-print Network

    Herbison, Chico; Schultz, Jerry

    1990-01-01

    whaling captain, William Whitfield, rescued Manjiro Nakahama at sea and brought him to New Bedford, Massachusetts. A quarter-century later, the first Japanese immigrants reached Hawaii and the western shore of the United States. The history of Japanese... from their homes and businesses by the FBI. 1942 On February 19, Executive Order 9066, providing for the relocation of approximately 120,000 Japanese (of whom three-fourths were American citizens) to concentration camps throughout the nation...

  4. Values and value related strategies in Japanese corporate culture

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stuart D. B. Picken

    1987-01-01

    In the context of the widening trade gap between Japan and the U.S.A. and the increasing numbers of missions visiting Japan aimed at a better understanding of the Japanese market and Japanese business, topics such as ‘Just in Time’ and TQC have received the most prominence, along with discussions of Japanese-style management and labor relations. The weakness of most discussions

  5. Multi-objective optimization of part- building orientation in stereolithography

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. Cheng; J. Y. H. Fuh; A. Y. C. Nee; Y. S. Wong; H. T. Loh; T. Miyazawa

    1995-01-01

    In rapid prototyping, such as SLA (stereolithography apparatus) and FDM (fused deposition modelling), the orientation of the part during fabrication is critical as it can affect part accuracy, reduce the production time, and minimize the requirement for supports and, thus, the cost of building the model. Presents a multi-objective approach for determining the optimal part-building orientation. Considers different objectives such

  6. Building America

    SciTech Connect

    Brad Oberg

    2010-12-31

    IBACOS researched the constructability and viability issues of using high performance windows as one component of a larger approach to building houses that achieve the Building America 70% energy savings target.

  7. Nudity in Japanese visual media: a cross-cultural observation.

    PubMed

    Downs, J F

    1990-12-01

    The depiction of nude human beings in Japanese print, film, and electronic media is reported. Modern practices are then related to traditional Japanese culture. The various contexts in which nudes are regularly presented are described and various types of nude presentations are classified. It is suggested that the nude body evokes different responses in Japanese culture and is not always intended to convey sexual or erotic meanings. Sentiment, particularly that evoked by the family and motherhood, and nonsexual humor, are other responses that nudity is intended to elicit. The Japanese situation is compared to presentation of nudity in the United States. PMID:2082862

  8. Japanese Studies Resources Guide: Duke University East Asian Collection

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Kristina Kade Troost, East Asian Librarian at Duke, has constructed an excellent collection of resources for Japanese Studies. This site describes resources available at Duke and through the Internet, including encyclopedias, general and subject bibliographies, word and name dictionaries, periodical and newspaper indexes and holdings, library and book catalogs, East Asian collections in the US, related web sites, and Japan-related discussion lists. The guide covers both English and Japanese language resources and special software is necessary to decode the Japanese. This is a rich, detailed, and easy to navigate site that serves as an excellent starting point for any search for Japanese resources on the Internet.

  9. Agora: Reintroducing Safety in Prototype-based Languages

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wolfgang De Meuter; Tom Mens; Patrick Steyaert

    1996-01-01

    Prototype-based languages are often described as being more flexible and expressive than class-based languages. This greater flexibility makes prototype-based languages well-suited for rapid prototyping and exploratory programming, but comes with a serious loss of safety. Examples of this are the encapsulation problem and the prototype corruption problem most prototype-based languages suffer from. These problems preclude prototype- based languages from being

  10. Collapsed Building

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    This masonry office building in the downtown area of Concepcion, Chile collapsed as a result of the M 8.8 earthquake on Feb. 27, 2010. The construction of this building predates the establishment of strict building codes in Chile, put in place following the devastating earthquake of 1960. ...

  11. Building Resonance

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Jeffrey Barker

    This demonstration of how buildings respond to seismic shaking uses cardboard and stiff paper (such as postcards or computer cards). The effects of building resonance can be found by experimenting with taller and shorter buildings, and varying the frequency of shaking.

  12. Measuring the Position Resolution of a COMPASS Drift Chamber Prototype B

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wright, Rojae; Uiuc Compass Group Team

    2013-10-01

    COMPASS is a fixed target experiment at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland which investigates the quark and gluon structure of proton. The experiment will study the transverse spin- and momentum dependent quark structure for the proton through pion-induced Drell-Yan scattering off transversely polarized proton targets. The observed Sivers asymmetries are thought to be indicative of quark orbital angular momentum inside the proton. UIUC is responsible for building and designing two drift chambers to replace aging straw chamber stations in the COMPASS spectrometer. UIUC has built two drift chamber prototypes. The current prototype B has 16 anode sense wires in each of two separate planes. Cosmic rays are used to measure the position resolution of the drift chamber. This poster describes the details on the experimental method and steps that will lead to the measurement of the position resolution for the COMPASS drift chamber prototype B. Supported by NSF.

  13. A knowledge based constructability analysis prototype 

    E-print Network

    Winter, Laura Jo

    1988-01-01

    A KNOWLEDGE BASED CONSTRUCTABILITY ANALYSIS PROTOTYPE A Thesis by LAURA JO WINTER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A8 M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December... 1988 Major Subject: Civil Engineering A KNOWLEDGE BASED CONSTRUCTABILITY ANALYSIS PROTOTYPE A Thesis by LAURA JO WINTER Approved as to style and content by: Davi Y. Chang (Chair of Committee) D. A. Vlatas (Member) James H. arsh, III (Member...

  14. Scheduling for Concept-Oriented Rapid Prototyping

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexander Burst; Michael Wolff; Bernhard Spitzer; Klaus D. Müller-Glaser

    2000-01-01

    In this paper scheduling strategies for a rapid prototyping system are discussed. Our rapid prototyping system is able to deal with several CASE-tools and generate code for models of heterogenous domains. By using the emerging CASE Data Interchange Format CDIF the model data of CASE-tools is represented tool-independent. This tool-independent layer serves as a basis for analysis, simulation and code

  15. Characterization of Prototype LSST CCDs

    SciTech Connect

    OCONNOR,P.; FRANK, J.; GEARY, J.C.; GILMORE, D.K.; KOTOV, I.; RADEKA, V.; TAKACS, P.; TYSON, J.A.

    2008-06-23

    The ambitious science goals of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) will be achieved in part by a wide-field imager that will achieve a new level of performance in terms of area, speed, and sensitivity. The instrument performance is dominated by the focal plane sensors, which are now in development. These new-generation sensors will make use of advanced semiconductor technology and will be complemented by a highly integrated electronics package located inside the cryostat. A test laboratory has been set up at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) to characterize prototype sensors and to develop test and assembly techniques for eventual integration of production sensors and electronics into modules that will form the final focal plane. As described in [1], the key requirements for LSST sensors are wideband quantum efficiency (QE) extending beyond lpm in the red, control of point spread function (PSF), and fast readout using multiple amplifiers per chip operated in parallel. In addition, LSST's fast optical system (f71.25) places severe constraints on focal plane flatness. At the chip level this involves packaging techniques to minimize warpage of the silicon die, and at the mosaic level careful assembly and metrology to achieve a high coplanarity of the sensor tiles. In view of the long lead time to develop the needed sensor technology, LSST undertook a study program with several vendors to fabricate and test devices which address the most critical performance features [2]. The remainder of this paper presents key results of this study program. Section 2 summarizes the sensor requirements and the results of design optimization studies, and Section 3 presents the sensor development plan. In Section 4 we describe the test bench at BNL. Section 5 reports measurement results obtained to date oh devices fabricated by several vendors. Section 6 presents a summary of the paper and an outlook for the future work. We present characterization methods and results on a number of new devices produced specifically to address LSST's performance goals, including flatness, QE, PSF, dark current, read noise, CTE, cosmetics, and crosstalk. The results indicate that commercially produced, thick n-channel over-depleted CCDs with excellent red response can achieve tight PSF at moderate applied substrate bias with no evidence of persistent image artifacts. We will also report ongoing studies of mosaic assembly techniques to achieve chip-to-chip co-planarity, high fill factor, and thermal stability.

  16. Compact form fitting small antennas using three-dimensional rapid prototyping

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Willis, Bryan Jon

    Three-dimensional (3D) rapid prototyping holds significant promise for future antenna designs. Many complex designs that would be unmanufacturable or costly are realizable on a 3D printing machine. The ability to create 3D designs of virtually any configuration makes it possible to build compact antennas that can form fit to any space. These antennas build on the concept that small antennas can best reach the ideal operating limit when utilizing the entire 3D space in a sphere surrounding the antenna. Antennas require a combination of dielectric and conductive materials. 3D rapid prototyping is already well advanced for plastics and dielectric materials (with more options coming online). Prototyping with conductive materials has lagged behind; due mainly to their higher melting points, but this is advancing as well. This dissertation focuses on 3D rapid prototyping for antenna design. A 3D antenna made from small cubical cells is optimized for 2.4--3GHz using a genetic algorithm (GA). The antennas are built using 3D printing of plastic covered by conductive paint. The effects of the conductivity of the paint and number of layers on the resonance and gain of the antenna are evaluated. These results demonstrate the feasibility of using 3D rapid prototyping for antenna design. A 3D dipole is also optimized using a GA to function from 510--910MHz. The antenna was built using 3D rapid prototyping from plastic. The 3D antenna was covered with a conductive coating and measured, showing good agreement with simulation. The 3D GA is used to design 3D antennas of random shape to fit inside the empty space in a cell phone case and optimized for cell phone bands 800--900MHz and 1.6--3.7GHz. The research also evaluates methods and materials that can be used to produce 3D antennas. In addition to the flexibility that 3D prototyping brings to antenna design, this paper describes how this new and emerging method for building antennas can provide fast and affordable antennas for testing, teaching, and fast turn-around prototyping.

  17. Field evaluation of prototype electrofibrous filters

    SciTech Connect

    Kuhl, W.D.; Bergman, W.; Biermann, A.H.; Lum, B.Y.

    1982-09-30

    New prototype electrofibrous filters were designed, built and evaluated in laboratory tests and in field installations. Two prototypes were designed for use in nuclear ventilation ducts as prefilters to HEPA filters. One prototype is designed to be a permanent component of the ventilation system while the other is a disposable unit. The disposable electrofibrous prefilter was installed in the exhaust stream of a glove box in which barrels of uranium turnings are burned. Preliminary tests show the disposal prefilter is effectively prolonging the HEPA filter life. An earlier prototype of the rolling prefilter was upgraded to meet the increased requirements for installation in a nuclear facility. This upgraded prototype was evaluated in the fire test facility at LLNL and shown to be effective in protecting HEPA filters from plugging under the most severe smoke conditions. The last prototype described in this report is a recirculating air filter. After demonstrating a high performance in laboratory tests the unit was shipped to Savannah River where it is awaiting installation in a Pu fuel fabrication facility. An analysis of the particulate problem in Savannah River indicates that four recirculating air filter will save $172,000 per year in maintenance costs.

  18. Trait Anxiety among Japanese Massage Practitioners with Visual Impairment: What Is Required in Japanese Rehabilitation Education?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donoyama, Nozomi; Munakata, Tsunetsugu

    2009-01-01

    This questionnaire-based study of Japanese massage practitioners with visual impairment (n = 155, 126 males, 29 females, mean age = 41 years) found that measures of self-repression, helplessness and "daily hassles" were positively correlated to measures of trait anxiety. Also, trait anxiety was negatively associated with measures of self-esteem…

  19. Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in a Japanese Traveler with Pre-existing Japanese Encephalitis Virus Antibody.

    PubMed

    Sato, Rumi; Hamada, Nobuyuki; Kashiwagi, Takahito; Imamura, Yoshihiro; Hara, Koyu; Nishimura, Munetsugu; Kamimura, Tomoko; Takasaki, Tomohiko; Watanabe, Hiroshi; Koga, Takeharu

    2015-06-01

    An adult Japanese man who had just returned from Thailand developed dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). A primary infection of dengue virus (DENV) was confirmed, specifically DENV serotype 2 (DENV-2), on the basis of the detection of the virus genome, a significant increase in the neutralizing antibody and the isolation of DENV-2. DHF is often observed following a secondary infection from another serotype of dengue virus, particularly in children, but this case was a primary infection of DENV. Japan is a non-endemic country for dengue disease. In fact, only Japanese encephalitis (JE) is known to be a member of the endemic flavivirus family. In this study, IgG antibody against Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) was detected. JEV belongs to the family of dengue virus and prevails in Japan, particularly Kyushu. Among many risk factors for the occurrence of DHF, a plausible candidate could be a cross-reactive antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) mechanism caused by JEV antibody. This indicates that most Japanese travelers who living in dengue non-endemic areas, particularly Kyushu, should be aware of the occurrence of DHF. PMID:26060418

  20. Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in a Japanese Traveler with Pre-existing Japanese Encephalitis Virus Antibody

    PubMed Central

    Sato, Rumi; Hamada, Nobuyuki; Kashiwagi, Takahito; Imamura, Yoshihiro; Hara, Koyu; Nishimura, Munetsugu; Kamimura, Tomoko; Takasaki, Tomohiko; Watanabe, Hiroshi; Koga, Takeharu

    2015-01-01

    An adult Japanese man who had just returned from Thailand developed dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). A primary infection of dengue virus (DENV) was confirmed, specifically DENV serotype 2 (DENV-2), on the basis of the detection of the virus genome, a significant increase in the neutralizing antibody and the isolation of DENV-2. DHF is often observed following a secondary infection from another serotype of dengue virus, particularly in children, but this case was a primary infection of DENV. Japan is a non-endemic country for dengue disease. In fact, only Japanese encephalitis (JE) is known to be a member of the endemic flavivirus family. In this study, IgG antibody against Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) was detected. JEV belongs to the family of dengue virus and prevails in Japan, particularly Kyushu. Among many risk factors for the occurrence of DHF, a plausible candidate could be a cross-reactive antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) mechanism caused by JEV antibody. This indicates that most Japanese travelers who living in dengue non-endemic areas, particularly Kyushu, should be aware of the occurrence of DHF. PMID:26060418

  1. Roles of extension officers to promote social capital in Japanese agricultural communities.

    PubMed

    Takemura, Kosuke; Uchida, Yukiko; Yoshikawa, Sakiko

    2014-01-01

    Social capital has been found to be correlated with community welfare, but it is not easy to build and maintain it. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the role of professional coordinators of social relationships to create and maintain social capital in a community. We focused on extension officers in Japanese agricultural communities, who help farmers in both technical and social matters. A large nation-wide survey of extension officers as well as two supplementary surveys were conducted. We found that (1) social capital-related activities (e.g., assistance for building organizations among farmers) were particularly effective for solving problems; (2) social capital (trust relationships) among community residents increased their life quality; (3) social capital in local communities was correlated with extension officers' own communication skills and harmonious relationships among their colleagues. In sum, social capital in local communities is maintained by coordinators with professional social skills. PMID:24642575

  2. A Distributed Software Correlator at the Rapid Prototyping Array

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harp, Gerald R.

    2002-12-01

    The Rapid Prototyping Array (RPA) is a toy radio telescope located 30 miles from U. C. Berkeley in Lafayette, CA. It serves primarily as a software development test bed for the Allen Telescope Array (ATA). We have developed a minimally functional prototype of the ATA control system founded on C++, Java, and a CORBA-based distributed architecture. The system controls RPA pointing, electronics, and data processing, culminating in a real-time software correlator (i.e. an imaging system). This system has helped us characterize our preliminary design of the ATA control system. Overall, the distributed architecture provided successful, versatile control supporting a wide range of experiments from satellite tracking to beam characterization to celestial observation. However, some weaknesses in the CORBA communications layer were identified, and the synergies of mixing C++ and Java were balanced by paradigm mismatch between the languages. We learned that Java was as fast as C++ and supported more ready-made libraries. Based on these experiences, we changed our design to eliminate CORBA and build a pure Java system at the ATA, which is now under development.

  3. Data explorer: a prototype expert system for statistical analysis.

    PubMed Central

    Aliferis, C.; Chao, E.; Cooper, G. F.

    1993-01-01

    The inadequate analysis of medical research data, due mainly to the unavailability of local statistical expertise, seriously jeopardizes the quality of new medical knowledge. Data Explorer is a prototype Expert System that builds on the versatility and power of existing statistical software, to provide automatic analyses and interpretation of medical data. The system draws much of its power by using belief network methods in place of more traditional, but difficult to automate, classical multivariate statistical techniques. Data Explorer identifies statistically significant relationships among variables, and using power-size analysis, belief network inference/learning and various explanatory techniques helps the user understand the importance of the findings. Finally the system can be used as a tool for the automatic development of predictive/diagnostic models from patient databases. PMID:8130501

  4. Development and Test of a Prototype 100MVA Superconducting Generator

    SciTech Connect

    Fogarty, James M.; Bray, James W.

    2007-05-25

    In 2002, General Electric and the US Department of Energy (DOE) entered into a cooperative agreement for the development of a commercialized 100 MVA generator using high temperature superconductors (HTS) in the field winding. The intent of the program was to: • Identify and develop technologies that would be needed for such a generator. • Develop conceptual designs for generators with ratings of 100 MVA and higher using HTS technology. • Perform proof of concept tests at the 1.5 MW level for GE’s proprietary warm iron rotor HTS generator concept. • Design, build, and test a prototype of a commercially viable 100 MVA generator that could be placed on the power grid. This report summarizes work performed during the program and is provided as one of the final program deliverables.

  5. Contrastive Pragmatics of English and Japanese Offers and Requests.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christianson, Kiel

    This paper analyzes a study by Fukushima (1990) of the English offers and responses of Japanese English as a foreign language (EFL) college students and reports on an experiment designed to address the perceived weaknesses of Fukushima's work. Fukushima's study found that many Japanese EFL learners could not use appropriate levels of politeness in…

  6. Verb-raising and Numeral Classifiers in Japanese: Incompatible Bedfellows.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fukushima, Kazuhiko

    2003-01-01

    Examines verb raising in Japanese and looks at Koizumi's (2000) evidence for verb-raising based on data involving, among other things, numeral classifiers. Demonstrates that Koizumi's evidence based on numeral classifiers does not support his claim that verb-raising occurs in Japanese. (Author/VWL)

  7. Development of the Gerotranscendence Scale Type 2: Japanese Version

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoshino, Kazumi; Zarit, Steven H.; Nakayama, Makoto

    2012-01-01

    This study developed the Japanese version of the Gerotranscendence Scale Type 2 (the GST2) and examined reliability and validity of the scale. In Japan, 525 community-dwelling older adults (Male = 260, Female = 265) answered a questionnaire. An exploratory factor analysis of the Japanese version of the GST2 revealed the same three-factor structure…

  8. Butoh: a bibliography of Japanese avant-garde dance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shea A. Taylor

    2012-01-01

    Purpose – This article's aim is to provide an annotated bibliographic resource guide for scholars researching butoh and academic and research libraries with collection development areas specializing in modern dance and\\/or Asian studies. Butoh is a Japanese avant-garde dance form developed in 1959 as a reaction against Western influence in Japanese politics and culture. Butoh's founders, Tatsumi Hijikata and Kazuo

  9. 2003 Japanese Society of Sleep Research 5 REVIEW ARTICLE

    E-print Network

    Pennsylvania, University of

    © 2003 Japanese Society of Sleep Research 5 REVIEW ARTICLE Sleep and Biological Rhythms 2003; 1: 5­13 Blackwell Science, LtdOxford, UK SBRSleep and Biological Rhythms1446-92352003 Japanese Society of Sleep Research 11February 2003 6 Sleep debt HPA Van Dongen et al. 10.1046/j.1446-9235.2002.00006.x Review Article

  10. Interlanguage Pragmatics Study of Indirect Complaint among Japanese ESL Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baba, Junko

    2010-01-01

    This interlanguage pragmatics study of linguistic expressions of affect focuses on how Japanese learners of English may express themselves in an affect-laden speech act of indirect complaint. The English as a Second Language (ESL) learners' data are compared with the baseline data of native speakers of Japanese (JJ) and American English (AA). The…

  11. Japanese Psychology in Crisis: Thinking Inside the (Empty) Box

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Ryback; Akira Ikemi; Toru Kuno; Yoshihiko Miki

    2001-01-01

    In part because of the information revolution, Japan is experiencing a crisis in culture. Because it is more sensitive to culture than other approaches, humanistic psychology may have much to offer in this time of crisis, particularly because of the Japanese value of inner privacy. Tomoda has explored ways of translating Rogers’s approach into a Japanese context of Zen, including

  12. Communication and Decision Making across Cultures: Japanese and American Comparisons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pascale, Richard Tanner

    1978-01-01

    While there are differences, the preponderance of evidence suggests wide areas of commonality between Japanese and American communications and decision-making practices in Japanese companies in Japan and the United States and in American companies in Japan and the United States. (Author/IRT)

  13. Online Recognition of Unconstrained Handwritten Japanese Text Using Statistical Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Katsumi Marukawa; Takeshi Nagasaki; Kazuyoshi Kikuta

    We developed an online recognition system to read unconstrained handwritten Japanese texts using statistical information. The substantial problems of reading handwritten Japanese text are how to correctly segment freely written characters and how to correct errors of character classification. Our method searches for the best interpretation by integrating the likelihoods of character segmentation, character classification and language processing. For the

  14. Compulsory "Foreign Language Activities" in Japanese Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hashimoto, Kayoko

    2011-01-01

    From 2011, the new curriculum for introducing English to Japanese primary schools will be fully implemented in the form of "foreign language activities". This innovation forms part of the government's plan to cultivate "Japanese with English abilities", a development based on the awareness, particularly in the business sector, that equipping…

  15. Breaking News Letter from Chancellor Regarding Japanese Earthquake

    E-print Network

    Scharer, John E.

    Breaking News Letter from Chancellor Regarding Japanese Earthquake To our Japanese students of the earthquake and tsunami that has devastated Japan. The effects of this terrible tragedy are beyond://www.ohr.wisc.edu/ifss/ (608) 265-2257.) If you are interested in relief efforts, UW-Madison supports the programs of the Red

  16. "Juku" and the Performance of Japanese Students: An American Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dolly, John P.

    This report outlines the role of after school programs (Juku) in preparing Japanese students for high school and university entrance examinations and presents some growing concerns about the movement. Juku plays a major role in insuring the success of Japanese students on tests administered within the country and on international comparisons made…

  17. Identity Construction, Negotiation, and Resistance: Reconsideration of "Japanese" Identity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fukuda, Chie

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation explores identity construction, mainly focusing on the ethnonational identity of "Japanese," in contrast to that of "non-Japanese" from ethnomethodological and social constructionist perspectives. Within these approaches, identity is not given "a priori" but emerges through sociohistorical contexts and discursive practices at…

  18. Syntax of Demonstrative Adjectives in Japanese: A Preliminary Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fukuda, Minoru

    1996-01-01

    The interactions among demonstrative adjectives in certain genitive phrases and WH-words in Japanese are investigated in this report on a work in progress. It is argued that certain demonstrative adjectives in Japanese, such as "ano" ("that"), occupy the highest Spec position in DP and that they block A-bar movement out of DP; genitive phrases,…

  19. Ethnocentrism, Cultural Traits, Beliefs, and English Proficiency: A Japanese Sample.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinenoya, Kimiko; Gatbonton, Elizabeth

    2000-01-01

    Investigated the role in second language (L2) learning of ethnocentrism, cultural and personality traits, and acceptance of values and beliefs expressed in myths and proverbs. Japanese adults (n-108) living in North American were asked how much they agreed with or accepted statements expressing ethnocentric views about Japanese culture and…

  20. Review: The speech corpus and database of Japanese dialects

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yasuko Nagano-madsen

    is a recording of readings of words, phrases, sentences, and texts in Japanese dialects. The focus of the speech material is on prosody, in particular, on accentual variations, and to a lesser extent on intonation. In addition to the dialectal materials, SCDJD contains speech of the minority language Ainu, Japanese traditional singings, school children's speech, and speech by the foreign

  1. Economic Restructuring and Company Unionism the Japanese Model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christoph Deutschmann

    1987-01-01

    The paper discusses problems of union involvement in the management of industrial restructuring using the example of Japanese enterprise unions. 'Economic restructuring' implies processes of technical and organizational change at firm level as well as shifts in the sectoral structure of the economy. The aim of the paper is to analyse how far Japanese unions participated in these two types

  2. The Japanese Immigrant Community in Brazil: Language Contact and Shift.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kanazawa, Hiroki; Loveday, Leo

    1988-01-01

    Studies language contact and language shift among different generations of Japanese immigrants in Brazil. The social factors involved in the abandonment of the ethnic (Japanese) code is considered. Results indicate that, typically, ethnic identity switch is accompanied by mother tongue replacement with Portuguese by the third generation.…

  3. Pragmatic Comprehension in Japanese as a Foreign Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taguchi, Naoko

    2008-01-01

    This study developed an original instrument that measures pragmatic comprehension in Japanese as a foreign language (JFL). It examined the ability to comprehend implied meaning encoded in conventional and nonconventional features and the effect of proficiency on comprehension. There were 63 college students of Japanese at 2 proficiency levels who…

  4. The Role of Educational Broadcasts in Japanese Schools. Third Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kodaira, Sachiko Imaizumi

    This report describes the significant role which the Japan Broadcasting Corporation's (NHK) educational broadcasts play within the Japanese education system. It begins by presenting an overview of the Japanese educational system and the fundamental characteristics of school broadcasting via both television and radio. The increase in the number of…

  5. Fish intake and serum levels of organochlorines among Japanese women

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Tsukino; T. Hanaoka; H. Sasaki; H. Motoyama; M. Hiroshima; T. Tanaka; M. Kabuto; W. Turner; D. G. Patterson Jr.; L. Needham; S. Tsugane

    2006-01-01

    This study evaluates background serum levels of selected organochlorine compounds among Japanese women of reproductive age and investigates whether lifestyle factors, especially dietary factors, may be associated with these levels. A cross-sectional study was performed on 80 Japanese women, aged 26–43 years, who complained of infertility and were confirmed not to have endometriosis. The serum levels of total toxic equivalency

  6. Edwin O. Reischauer Institute of Japanese Studies Harvard University

    E-print Network

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    Edwin O. Reischauer Institute of Japanese Studies Harvard University 2006-2008 Biennial Report #12;Edwin O. Reischauer Institute of Japanese Studies Harvard University Center for Government.495.3220 Fax 617.496.8083 Email rijs@fas.harvard.edu Website http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~rijs/ The Edwin O

  7. Parametric Variation in the Semantics of Comparison: Japanese vs. English

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sigrid Beck; Toshiko Oda; Koji Sugisaki

    2004-01-01

    This paper proposes a semantic analysis of comparison constructions in Japanese which is crucially different from the standard semantics of comparatives as developed for English and related languages. The interpretation of the Japanese comparison construction is determined to a larger extent by pragmatic strategies, as opposed to compositional semantics. The syntactically provided item of comparison (the constituent accompanying yori) does

  8. Interlanguage Pragmatic Features of Japanese and Korean Learners of English.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Park, Kyung-Ja; Nakano, Michiko

    2001-01-01

    Focuses on the interlanguage pragmatic strategies used by Japanese and Korean learners of English. Data was collected from a project carried out jointly by Korean and Japanese university students. Observation, analysis, and discussion of student data suggest that interspeaker understanding and sensitivity to pragmatic variables of the target…

  9. Skills and Life Strategies of Japanese Business Women.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iwao, Sumiko

    In this paper, case studies of two successful Japanese businesswomen illustrate how traditional Japanese cultural values and female sex roles have enabled women to succeed in business. These two cases were chosen as representative from a sample of 56. The businesses discussed are in very different sectors of the economy. One is a traditional and…

  10. Sunao (Cooperative) Children: The Development of Autonomy in Japanese Preschoolers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Satomi Izumi; Lichtman, Marilyn; Ogawa, Tetsuya

    1998-01-01

    Examined the Japanese concepts of "sunao," a quality of docility or cooperativeness in kindergarten children, age 6 and a half years old, from the viewpoint of children themselves. Examined how Japanese adults promote their children's internalization of parental, group, and institutional norms. Discusses the role of "sunao" as a fundamental…

  11. Marine parasitology with special reference to Japanese fisheries and mariculture

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Ogawa

    1996-01-01

    Marine parasites with special relation to Japanese fisheries and mariculture include various types of pathogens: those causing mortality, deformity, weight loss, etc.; those giving unesthetic appearances to the hosts; those which are zoonotic. Japanese mariculture typically utilizes net cage culture systems in coastal areas. Parasite invasion in such systems is more difficult to control practically than in freshwater facilities. The

  12. The Transfer of Competences to European-Based Japanese Affiliates

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edward Lorenz; Nathalie Lazaric

    1999-01-01

    This paper focuses on the ability of Japanese multinational companies to transfer their domestic business practices to their overseas manufacturing operations located in Britain and France. It draws on two sources of information: the results of a postal questionnaire sent to the managing directors of the entire population of Japanese affiliates with production sites in Britain and France; and information

  13. Bacterial contamination of Japanese households and related concern about sanitation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Ojima; Y. Toshima; E. Koya; K. Ara; S. Kawai; N. Ueda

    2002-01-01

    The bacterial contamination of Japanese homes and the attitudes of Japanese people toward sanitation were studied. By taking bacterial counts of approximately 90 places each in five homes, this study found kitchens to have the greatest degree of bacterial contamination, followed by bathing rooms. Toilets had less bacterial contamination than was expected. While concern about bacteria on highly contaminated items

  14. Corporate Structure, Liquidity, and Investment: Evidence from Japanese Industrial Groups

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Takeo Hoshi; Anil Kashyap; David Scharfstein

    1991-01-01

    This paper presents evidence suggesting that information and incentive problems in the capital market affect investment. The authors come to this conclusion by examining two sets of Japanese firms. The first set has close financial ties to large Japanese banks that serve as their primary source of external finance and are likely to be well informed about the firm. The

  15. Communications Apprehension of Japanese and Americans in Three Speaking Situations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ishii, Satoshi; And Others

    The research reported in this document was designed to discover whether the Japanese consider themselves apprehensive in communication situations. Seven hundred Japanese college students and 700 United States students took the Personal Report of Communication Apprehention (PRCA) test, which focuses on feelings about communicating with others on a…

  16. Japanese Fathers of Preschoolers and Their Involvement in Child Care

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ishii-kuntz, Masako; Makino, Katsuko; Kato, Kuniko; Tsuchiya, Michiko

    2004-01-01

    We examine how relative resources, time availability, gender ideology, living arrangement, child-care demand, and job satisfaction are associated with the levels of younger Japanese fathers involvement in child care for preschoolers. A theoretical model that includes these factors is tested using 1994 data collected from Japanese fathers and…

  17. Cultural practices in the Spanish subsidiaries of Japanese companies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Adenso-Díaz; Yayoi Kawamura; Pilar González-Torre

    1999-01-01

    The number of Japanese corporations established in Spain increased remarkably during the 1980s, as a result of the political stability that Spain had reached, low salaries, the growing markets, the standard of living, and Spain’s joining of the EEC. In this work, we study the degree of implementation of typical Japanese organisational methods in the Spanish subsidiaries, based on the

  18. Implications of "Amae" for HIV Risk in Japanese Young Adults.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Onuoha, Francis N.; Munakata, Tsunetsugu

    2005-01-01

    Assertiveness, defined as perceived confidence to express true feelings in interpersonal relationships, has been reported to correlate with HIV risk avoidance. However, Japanese social structure encourages "amae" or self-repression. The present study investigated the implications of "amae" for HIV risk avoidance among Japanese university students.…

  19. Japanese International Female Students' Experience of Discrimination, Prejudice, and Stereotypes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonazzo, Claude; Wong, Y. Joel

    2007-01-01

    This qualitative study examined four Japanese international female college students' experience of discrimination, prejudice, and stereotypes in a predominately white university. Four themes emerged from the analysis of data: (1) overt forms of prejudice and discrimination; (2) stereotypes common to Asians; (3) stereotypes unique to the Japanese;…

  20. Bumping into Someone: Japanese Students' Perceptions and Observations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lieske, Carmella

    2010-01-01

    This pilot study explores the apologies Japanese nursing college students thought they would use in their L1 (i.e. Japanese) and their L2 (i.e. English) when bumping into each other. The students completed a questionnaire, the results of which indicated that they believed they should always apologize for bumping into someone. The paper describes…

  1. Final report for 1.7 megajoule prototype bank testing

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-10-01

    American Control Engineering is pleased to submit to LLNL this Final Report describing the final assembly and preliminary testing of the 1.7 megajoule prototype capacitor bank that is located at our facility. The purpose of this test program was to evaluate and characterize the performance of this capacitor bank. These tests were necessary in order to proceed with the design of a final building block module that is to be used to create a reliable and cost effective multi-hundred megajoule energy storage system. The period of performance covered by this contract is from January 1, 1991 through August 31, 1992. American Control Engineering has provided all of the necessary facilities, personnel and materials that were required to perform this testing effort (except for the existing capacitor bank, the LLNL provided flashlamp assembly and E-size ignitron switch tube), An overall view of the assembled capacitor bank system as it appeared at the completion of this subcontract is shown. The initial statement-of-work for the testing and characterization of the capacitor bank was as follows: (1) Measure all of the principal electrical parameters for the 1.7 megajoule prototype capacitor bank at low voltage before proceeding to high voltage testing. This low voltage testing is to include measurement of both normal and fault current and voltage waveforms, starting with the smallest building block grouping and proceeding systematically through to the capacitor bank load. (2) Assemble and attach each of the major subsystem elements to the capacitor bank as they are required for low voltage testing including the ignition output switch structure, coaxial transmission line and load assembly. (3) Make comparison of the test results collected through low voltage testing with those forecasted by the computer mode. Evaluate and resolve any discrepancies between the two results until the computer model achieves reasonable agreement with the actual measured test results.

  2. Moyamoya in Hispanics: not Only in Japanese

    PubMed Central

    Said, Sarmad; Cooper, Chad J.; Alkhateeb, Haider; Galvis, Juan M.; Hernandez, German T.; Salameh, Hasan J.

    2014-01-01

    Moyamoya disease was first described in 1957 as hypoplasia of the bilateral internal carotid arteries, the characteristic appearance of the associated network of abnormally dilated collateral vessels on angiography was later likened to something hazy, like a puff of cigarette smoke, which, in Japanese, is moyamoya. This paper describes two cases of moyamoya presentations, including moyamoya disease and moyamoya syndrome. Moyamoya may rarely occur in North American Hispanic patients. The presentation can vary significantly and ranges bwtween fulminant outcome and prolonged survival. Awareness about moyamoya and its different presentations may be beneficial for the patients and can improve the outcome. PMID:24987505

  3. Japanese Sugar Cane as a Forage Crop. 

    E-print Network

    Leidigh, A. H. (Arthur Henry); McNess, George Thomas; Laude, H. H. (Hilmer Henry)

    1916-01-01

    short. It stools or suckers much more freely than do the other varieties of sugar cane, single plants having as many as seventy-five stalks. In Texas, if the crop is not harvested, the above-ground growth is killed by freezes. The part of the stalk.... This flood necessitated the replanting of all ordinary crops. Japanese sugar cane did not have to be replanted. The newly planted cane was just coming up and the sprouts that had not emerged from the ground were killed but those already up were uninjured...

  4. Japanese Refrigerators : A Field Performance Analysis : Summary Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Short, John A.

    1990-02-01

    Society generally expects Japanese refrigerators to be more energy efficient than their American-made counterparts. With increasing attention being focused on appliance energy efficiency, research into operating characteristics of Japanese refrigerators has gained importance. Other projects report the monitored energy use of certain models of Japanese refrigerators. In addition, laboratory tests determined energy consumption of certain refrigerators under controlled conditions. In 1987, Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) undertook a project to measure and analyze the energy consumption of 12 Japanese-made refrigerators in the Portland-Vancouver metropolitan area. This project's purpose was to collect field data on certain models and compare with that collected in other projects and laboratory tests. Japanese energy consumption figures fall 30--40% below those of DOE. This energy savings, if real, could substantially cut baseload power for utilities. Determining typical refrigerator energy use patterns and which environmental factors effect them helps utilities to forecast demand. 7 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

  5. Rapid Prototyping of Distributed Real-Time Embedded Systems Using the AADL and Ocarina

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jérôme HUGUES; Bechir ZALILA; Laurent PAUTET; Fabrice KORDON

    Building Distributed Real-Time Embedded systems re- quires a stringent methodology, from early requirements capture to full implementation. However, there is a strong link between the requirements and the final implementa- tion (e.g. scheduling, resource dimensioning). Therefore, a rapid prototyping process based on automation of te- dious and error-prone tasks (analysis, code generation) is required to speed up the development cycle.

  6. The Design of a Virtual Prototyping Based on ARMulator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Young-Ran Lee; Sang-Young Cho; Jeong-Bae Lee

    2005-01-01

    Nowadays, the development of computer technology has several improvements, not only in popularity but also in complexity. Some engineers apply Virtual Prototyping to get the greatest advantage of prototype at the development life cycle. Basically, the Virtual Prototyping offers the external shape of product including their components, GUI and data into computer. The Virtual Prototyping can simulate various devices and

  7. Alexandria Digital Earth ProtoType The Alexandria Digital Earth

    E-print Network

    Janée, Greg

    Alexandria Digital Earth ProtoType The Alexandria Digital Earth Prototype System Terence Smith Greg Janée James Frew Anita Coleman #12;Alexandria Digital Earth ProtoType 2Smith et al. / JCDL 2001 / 2x Earth ProtoType 3Smith et al. / JCDL 2001 / 2x-Jun-2001 Core System (inherited from ADL) Components

  8. Computer-Aided Prototyping for ASIC-Based Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen Walters

    1991-01-01

    The use of computer-aided prototyping (CAP) with the RPM Emulation System is described. RPM creates a hardware functional prototype from an ASIC or full-custom chip netlist. It reads the chip netlist and then converts the chip design gates into a prototype design. It then synthesizes the prototype design, obtaining the information it needs to configure the reprogrammable hardware, primarily with

  9. The role of phonology in reading Japanese: Or why I don't hear myself when reading Japanese

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sachiko Kinoshita

    1998-01-01

    Based on the phenomenal experience that when I read Japanese I don't hear ‘inner speech’, I suggest that the role of phonology may be more limited when reading text in Japanese than in English. Although this possibility has been suggested by others, I argue for somewhat different sources of this reduced role. Specifically, I propose that the greater visual discriminability

  10. The Role of Japanese as a Heritage Language in Constructing Ethnic Identity among Hapa Japanese Canadian Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noro, Hiroko

    2009-01-01

    Today, Japanese Canadians are marrying outside of their ethnic community at an unprecedented rate, resulting in the creation of a newly identifiable group of "Japanese Canadians" borne from these interracial unions. Members of this emergent group are increasingly being referred to both by social scientists and self-referentially as "Hapa". This…

  11. Green Buildings

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    From the Department of Energy's Center of Excellence for Sustainable Development, this Green Buildings site serves as a detailed metapage for environmentally conscious architects, engineers, and builders. As the introduction to the site points out, "The design, construction, and maintenance of buildings has a tremendous impact on our environment and our natural resources." The site offers carefully summarized links to relevant Websites and publications on topics such as building principles, building programs, rating systems, affordable housing, codes/ordinances, educational materials, and more. This site may be of interest to those who want practical applications for protecting the environment.

  12. Application of Information Technology: The Shared Health Research Information Network (SHRINE): A Prototype Federated Query Tool for Clinical Data Repositories

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Griffin M Weber; Shawn N. Murphy; Andrew J. McMurry; Douglas MacFadden; Daniel J. Nigrin; Susanne Churchill; Isaac S. Kohane

    2009-01-01

    The authors developed a prototype Shared Health Research Information Network (SHRINE) to identify the technical, regulatory, and political challenges of creating a federated query tool for clinical data repositories. Separate Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) at Harvard's three largest affiliated health centers approved use of their data, and the Harvard Medical School IRB approved building a Query Aggregator Interface that can

  13. Putting the users center stage: role playing and low-fi prototyping enable end users to design mobile systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dag Svanaes; Gry Seland

    2004-01-01

    This paper sums up lessons learned from a sequence of cooperative design workshops where end users were enabled to design mobile systems through scenario building, role playing, and low-fidelity prototyping. We present a resulting fixed workshop structure with well-chosen constraints that allows for end users to explore and design new technology and work practices. In these workshops, the systems developers

  14. PROTOTYPICAL CATEGORY LEARNING IN AUTISM 1 Prototypical Category Learning in High-Functioning Autism

    E-print Network

    Grossberg, Stephen

    PROTOTYPICAL CATEGORY LEARNING IN AUTISM 1 Prototypical Category Learning in High-Functioning Autism Tony Vladusich1,5,6* , Femi Lafe2,6 , Dae-Shik Kim4 , Helen Tager-Flusberg2,3,6 and Stephen 781 736 4870, Fax: +1 781 736 2398, email: thevlad@brandeis.edu Autism Research, in press

  15. Weighted vowel prototypes in Finnish and German.

    PubMed

    Savela, Janne; Eerola, Osmo; Aaltonen, Olli

    2014-03-01

    This study explores the perceptual vowel space of the Finnish and German languages, which have a similar vowel system with eight vowels, /?/ /e/ /i/ /o/ /u/ /y/ /ć??/ /ř/. Three different prototypicality measures are used for describing the internal structuring of the vowel categories in terms of the F1 and F2 formant frequencies: The arithmetic mean (centroid) of the F1-F2 space of the category (Pc), the absolute prototype of the category (Pa), and the weighted prototype of the category (P?), in which the stimulus formant values are weighted by their goodness rating values. The study gave the following main results: (1) in both languages, the inter-subject differences were the smallest in P?, and on the order of Difference Limen (DL) of F1-F2 frequencies for all of the three measures, (2) the Pa and P? differed significantly from the centroid, with the absolute prototypes being the most peripheric, (3) the vowel systems of the two languages were similar (Euclidean distances in P? of Finnish and German 7-34 mels) although minor differences were found in /e/, / ř/, and /u/, and (4) the mean difference of the prototypes from some earlier published production data was 100-150 mels. PMID:24606288

  16. Preliminary work toward the development of a dimensional tolerance standard for rapid prototyping

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kennedy, W. J.

    1996-01-01

    Rapid prototyping is a new technology for building parts quickly from CAD models. It works by slicing a CAD model into layers, then by building a model of the part one layer at a time. Since most parts can be sliced, most parts can be modeled using rapid prototyping. The layers themselves are created in a number of different ways - by using a laser to cure a layer of an epoxy or a resin, by depositing a layer of plastic or wax upon a surface, by using a laser to sinter a layer of powder, or by using a laser to cut a layer of paper. Rapid prototyping (RP) is new, and a standard part for use in comparing dimensional tolerances has not yet been chosen and accepted by ASTM (the American Society for Testing Materials). Such a part is needed when RP is used to build parts for investment casting or for direct use. The objective of this project was to start the development of a standard part by using statistical techniques to choose the features of the part which show curl - the vertical deviation of a part from its intended horizontal plane.

  17. Researchers Find Japanese Submarine at Pearl Harbor

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Green, Marcia.

    2002-01-01

    Earlier this week, researchers from the University of Hawaii and the Hawaii Underwater Research Lab located the remains of a Japanese midget submarine. Found in 1200 feet of water, the submarine was sunk by the USS Ward just an hour before the aerial attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Most important, the discovery of the midget submarine offers concrete physical evidence that the United States did fire the first shot against the Japanese. Previous expeditions to locate the sub, including an effort made in 2000 by the National Geographic Society, had been unsuccessful, largely due to the fact that the area is a military "junkyard" with tons of debris on the ocean floor.For more in-depth information on this story, readers may find the first four news links particularly helpful. The fifth link leads to the Hawaii Underwater Research Lab's Web site that features photographs of the midget sub from the expedition earlier this week. The sixth link is to a Web site dealing with the history and missions of the USS Ward. The final link contains detailed information about the 2000 expedition led by Robert Ballard, with support from the National Geographic Society, to find the midget submarine.

  18. Nurse during the Japanese Colonial Period.

    PubMed

    Kim, Sook Young

    2015-04-01

    This article examines the life of Lee Jungsook, a Korean nurse, as a independence activist during the Japanese colonial period. Lee Jungsook(1896-1950) was born in Bukchung in Hamnam province. She studied at Chungshin girl's high school and worked at Severance hospital. The characteristics and culture of her educational background and work place were very important factors which influenced greatly the life of Lee Jungsook. She learned independent spirit and nationalism from Chungshin girls' high school and worked as nurse at the Severance hospital which were full of intense aspiration for Korea's independence. Many of doctors, professors and medical students were participated in the 3.1 Independence Movement. Lee Jungsook was a founding member of Hyulsungdan who tried to help the independence activists in prison and their families and worked as a main member of Korean Women's Association for Korean Independece and Kyungsung branch of the Korean Red Cross. She was sent to jail by the Japanese government for her independence activism. After being released after serving two years confinement, she worked for the Union for Women's Liberation as a founding member. Lee Joungsook was a great independence activist who had a nursing care spirit as a nurse. PMID:25985776

  19. Validating the Japanese translation of the Force and Motion Conceptual Evaluation and comparing performance levels of American and Japanese students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ishimoto, Michi; Thornton, Ronald K.; Sokoloff, David R.

    2014-12-01

    This study assesses the Japanese translation of the Force and Motion Conceptual Evaluation (FMCE). Researchers are often interested in comparing the conceptual ideas of students with different cultural backgrounds. The FMCE has been useful in identifying the concepts of English-speaking students from different backgrounds. To identify effectively the conceptual ideas of Japanese students and to compare them to those of their English-speaking counterparts, more work is required. Because of differences between the Japanese and English languages, and between the Japanese and American educational systems, it is important to assess the Japanese translation of the FMCE, a conceptual evaluation originally developed in English for American students. To assess its appropriateness, we examined the performance of a large sample of students on the translated version of the FMCE and then compared the results to those of English-speaking students. The data comprise the pretest results of 1095 students, most of whom were first-year students at a midlevel engineering school between 2003 and 2012. Basic statistics and the classical test theory indices of the translated FMCE indicate that its reliability and discrimination are appropriate to assess Japanese students' concepts about force and motion. In general, the preconcepts of Japanese students assessed with the Japanese translation of the FMCE are quite similar to those of American students assessed with the FMCE, thereby supporting the validity of the translated version. However, our findings do show (1) that only a small percentage of Japanese students grasped Newtonian concepts and (2) that the percentage of Japanese students who used two different concept models together to answer some questions seems to be higher than that of American students.

  20. Teaching Business Japanese and Culture Using Authentic Materials: A Popular Television Drama.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kishimoto, Toshiko

    In a Japanese business communication course taught at Clemson University (South Carolina), Japanese television drama is used to help language students understand the style of Japanese communication and improve their communicative ability. The course design was based on the following: (1) research on Japanese perceptions of the language needs for…

  1. Gender Role Development in Japanese Culture: Diminishing Gender Role Differences in a Contemporary Society

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yoko Sugihara; Emiko Katsurada

    2002-01-01

    This paper presents the development of the Japanese Gender Role Index (JGRI) and Japanese men's and women's self-ratings on the scale. Two hundred ninety-six Japanese words that describe masculine and feminine characteristics were gathered. Examination of endorsements by 200 Japanese participants indicated 66 items as socially desirable characteristics for either men or women in the society. The validation process, including

  2. Work in Progress: Design of a Visual Learning Tool for Japanese

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yasmin Bhattacharya; Madhumita Bhattacharya

    2006-01-01

    Learning Japanese is important for engineering students to be able to work in Japanese companies and to share Japanese technical know how. Learning technical Japanese is very difficult because it consists of complex Kanjis (Chinese characters). This project concentrates on the development of the students' ability to learn Kanji. In this project we developed a tool that will help students

  3. Analyzing the function of meta-oriented critical comments in Japanese comic conversations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lisa Mizushima; Paul Stapleton

    2006-01-01

    Commonplace images from abroad of Japanese people and language hold that the Japanese are highly ritualized, harmony-seeking, and somewhat humorless. While the ritualized nature of Japanese communication is hardly contentious, and few would argue about the importance of harmony, this study attempts to describe and analyze a particular aspect of Japanese humor (which does, in fact, exist). However, unsurprisingly, this

  4. Regimes of Training, Seishin and the Construction of Embodied Masculinity in Japanese University Rugby

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard Light

    Focused on the author's experience as a rugby coach in a Japanese university over a three- year period this paper examines features of training at a Japanese university rugby club which, it is argued, were distinctly Japanese. It suggests that a culture-specific form of hegemonic masculinity acted as a structuring discourse for young men's experiences of rugby in a Japanese

  5. Computer-assisted English vowel learning system for Japanese speakers using cross language formant structures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yasushi Tsubota; Masatake Dantsuji; Tatsuya Kawahara

    2000-01-01

    We present a novel Computer-Assisted Language Learn- ing (CALL) system for Japanese students who learn En- glish as a second language. We regard formant structure of Japanese vowels pronounced by Japanese learners of En- glish as their own formant structure. This structure is trans- formed to learner's ideal English formant structure based on the relationship between English and Japanese articu-

  6. Advance prototype silver ion water bactericide system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jasionowski, W. J.; Allen, E. T.

    1974-01-01

    An advance prototype unit was designed and fabricated to treat anticipated fuel cell water. The unit is a single canister that contains a membrane-type prefilter and a silver bromide contacting bed. A seven day baseline simulated mission test was performed; the performance was satisfactory and the effluent water was within all specifications for potability. After random vibrations another seven day simulated mission test was performed, and results indicate that simulated launch vibrations have no effects on the design and performance of the advanced prototype. Bench tests and accelerated breadboard tests were conducted to define the characteristics of an upgraded model of the advance prototype unit which would have 30 days of operating capability. A preliminary design of a silver ion generator for the shuttle orbiter was also prepared.

  7. Tele-prototyping environment for machine vision

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Batchelor, Bruce G.; Daley, Michael W.; Karantalis, George

    2001-01-01

    The organization of the hardware and software as well as the application of a remotely operated vision system are all described. The system enables a vision engineer, working a long way from the site of a proposed installation, to experiment with a prototyping image-acquisition subsystem that is already in situ. Once suitable images have been obtained, he then designs a suitable image processing algorithm. In this way, the vision engineer is able to construct a prototype vision system that can be used to test the algorithm in a realistic operating environment, collect performance statistics and possibly refine the algorithm in light of the experience gained. The objective of this research is to streamline the design and prototyping phases for online factory-floor inspection systems, so that the optimum benefit can be obtained from the effects of a skilled vision engineer.

  8. Lightweight composite fighting cover prototype development program

    SciTech Connect

    Wrenn, G.E. Jr.; Frame, B.J.; Gwaltney, R.C.; Akerman, M.A.

    1996-07-01

    The U.S. Army Field Assistance Science and Technology Program requested Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to demonstrate the use of lightweight composite materials in construction of overhead covers for reinforced infantry fighting positions. In recent years, ORNL researchers have designed and tested several concepts for lightweight ballistic protection structures, and they have developed numerous prototype composite structures for military and civilian applications. In the current program, composite panel designs and materials are tested and optimized to meet anticipated static and dynamic load conditions for the overhead cover structure. Ten prototype composite covers were built at ORNL for use in Army field tests. Each composite cover has a nominal surface area of 12 ft[sup 2] and a nominal weight of 8 lb. Four of the prototypes are made with folding sections to improve their handling characteristics. The composite covers exhibit equivalent performance in Army field tests to covers made with conventional materials that weigh four times as much.

  9. Building of a Disaster Recovery Framework for E-Learning Environment Using Private Cloud Collaboration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Togawa, Satoshi; Kanenishi, Kazuhide

    2014-01-01

    In this research, we have built a framework of disaster recovery such as against earthquake, tsunami disaster and a heavy floods for e-Learning environment. Especially, our proposed framework is based on private cloud collaboration. We build a prototype system based on IaaS architecture, and this prototype system is constructed by several private…

  10. U.S., European ALMA Partners Award Prototype Antenna Contracts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2000-03-01

    The U.S. and European partners in the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) project have awarded contracts to U.S. and Italian firms, respectively, for two prototype antennas. ALMA is a planned telescope array, expected to consist of 64 millimeter-wave antennas with 12-meter diameter dishes. The array will be built at a high-altitude, extremely dry mountain site in Chile's Atacama desert, and is scheduled to be completed sometime in this decade. On February 22, 2000, Associated Universities Inc. (AUI) signed an approximately $6.2 million contract with Vertex Antenna Systems, of Santa Clara, Calif., for construction of one prototype ALMA antenna. AUI operates the U.S. National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) for the National Science Foundation under a cooperative agreement. The European partners contracted with the consortium of European Industrial Engineering and Costamasnaga, of Mestre, Italy, on February 21, 2000, for the production of another prototype. (Mestre is located on the inland side of Venice.) The two antennas must meet identical specifications, but will inherently be of different designs. This will ensure that the best possible technologies are incorporated into the final production antennas. Only one of the designs will be selected for final production. Several technical challenges must be met for the antennas to perform to ALMA specifications. Each antenna must have extremely high surface accuracy (25 micrometers, or one-third the diameter of a human hair, over the entire 12-meter diameter). This means that, when completed, the surface accuracy of the ALMA dishes will be 20 times greater than that of the Very Large Array (VLA) antennas, and about 50 times greater than dish antennas for communications or radar. The ALMA antennas must also have extremely high pointing accuracy (0.6 arcseconds). An additional challenge is that the antennas, when installed at the ALMA site in Chile, will be exposed to the ravages of weather at 16,500 feet (5000 meters) elevation. All previous millimeter-wavelength antennas that meet such exacting specifications for surface accuracy and pointing accuracy have been housed within telescope enclosures. The U.S. and European prototype antennas will be delivered to the NRAO VLA site, near Socorro, New Mexico, in October and November of 2001, respectively. Preparations for ALMA prototype testing are already underway at the VLA site. Three pads are being constructed for the antennas to rest on. An ALMA control room within the VLA control building is being established. About ten full-time ALMA staff will be involved in the testing. Additionally, ALMA project members from around the U.S. and the world will visit the VLA site to participate in the test program. The two prototype antennas will first be tested separately. Following that, the two will be linked together and tested as an interferometer. Millimeter-wave astronomy is the study of the universe in the spectral region between what is traditionally considered radio waves and infrared radiation. In this realm, ALMA will study the structure of the early universe and the evolution of galaxies; gather crucial data on the formation of stars, protoplanetary disks, and planets; and provide new insights on the familiar objects of our own solar system. ALMA is an international partnership between the United States (National Science Foundation) and Europe. European participants include the member states of the European Southern Observatory (Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden and Switzerland), the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (France), the Max-Planck Gesellschaft (Germany), the Netherlands Foundation for Research in Astronomy, the United Kingdom Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council, the Oficina de Ciencia Y Tecnologia/Instituto Geografico Nacional OCYT/IGN (Spain), and the Swedish Natural Science Research Council (NFR). The project is currently in a Design and Development phase governed by a Memorandum of Understanding between the United States and Europe. It is hoped and expected

  11. Investigation of a Novel Solar Assisted Water Heating System with Enhanced Energy Yield for Buildings 

    E-print Network

    Zhang, X.; Zhao, X.; Xu, J.; Yu, X.

    2012-01-01

    This paper presented the concept, prototype application, operational performance and benefits relating to a novel solar assisted water heating system for building services. It was undertaken through dedicated theoretical analysis, computer...

  12. Building Green

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    There's a great deal of talk about "building green" in the architecture and design world, but to many, this phrase may not mean a great deal. This website, created by the Building Green company, can help the uninitiated learn more about this subject. First-time visitors should click on the "Green Building Information" area. Here they can get answers to such question as "What is green?" and also learn more about green design strategies and the LEED rating system. Right next to this section is the "Case Studies" area, which features green building projects like elementary schools, commercial facilities, and university buildings. The site is rounded out by a "News" area and a detailed bibliography of websites, print resources, and so on.

  13. RK-TBA prototype RF source

    SciTech Connect

    Houck, T.; Anderson, D.; Giordano, G. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)] [and others

    1996-04-11

    A prototype rf power source based on the Relativistic Klystron Two-Beam Accelerator (RK-TBA) concept is being constructed at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory to study physics, engineering, and costing issues. The prototype is described and compared to a full scale design appropriate for driving the Next Linear Collider (NLC). Specific details of the induction core tests and pulsed power system are presented. The 1-MeV, 1.2-kA induction gun currently under construction is also described in detail.

  14. Design and prototyping of micro centrifugal compressor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mizuki, Shimpei; Minorikawa, Gaku; Hirano, Toshiyuki; Asaga, Yuichiro; Yamaguchi, Naoki; Ohta, Yutaka; Outa, Eisuke

    2003-02-01

    In order to establish the design methodology of ultra micro centrifugal compressor, which is the most important component of ultra micro gas turbine unit, a 10 times of the final target size model was designed, prototyped and tested. The problems to be solved for downsizing were examined and 2-dimensional impeller was chosen as the first model due to its productivity. The conventional 1D prediction method, CFD and the inverse design were attempted. The prototyped compressor was driven by using a turbocharger and the performance characteristics were measured.

  15. Cherenkov detector prototype for ILC polarimetry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Käfer, Daniela; Bartels, Christoph; Helebrant, Christian; List, Jenny

    2011-05-01

    Precise knowledge of all beam parameters is crucial to fully exploit the physics potential of the International Linear Collider (ILC). A sufficiently accurate measurement of the beam polarisation can only be achieved using dedicated high energy Compton polarimeters combined with well-designed Cherenkov detectors. The requirements have been evaluated and a suitable Cherenkov detector prototype has been designed, simulated and constructed accordingly. This prototype allows nearly all aspects of the final detector to be studied and has been operated successfully in a testbeam of which first results are presented as well.

  16. Rapid Prototyping of Composite Structures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Colton, Jonathan S.

    1998-01-01

    This progress report for the project Rapid Production of Composite Structures covers the period from July 14, 1997 to June 30, 1998. It will present a short overview of the project, followed by the results to date and plans for the future. The goal of this research is to provide a minimum 100x reduction in the time required to produce arbitrary, laminated products without the need for a separate mold or an autoclave. It will accomplish this by developing the science underlying the rapid production of composite structures, specifically those of carbon fiber-epoxy materials. This scientific understanding will be reduced to practice in a demonstration device that will produce a part on the order of 12" by 12" by 6". Work in the past year has focussed on developing an understanding of the materials issues and of the machine design issues. Our initial goal was to use UV cureable resins to accomplish full cure on the machine. Therefore, we have centered our materials work around whether or not UV cureable resins will work. Currently, the answer seems to be that they will not work, because UV light cannot penetrate the carbon fibers, and because no "shadow" curing seems to occur. As a result, non-UV cureable resins are being investigated. This has resulted in a change in the machine design focus. We are now looking into a "dip and place" machine design, whereby a prepreg layer would have one side coated with a curing agent, and then would be placed onto the previous layer. This would lead to cure at the interface, but not to the top of the layer. The formulation of the resins to accomplish this task at room or slightly elevated temperatures is being investigated, as is the machine design needed to apply the curing agent and then cure or partially cure the part. A final, out-of-autoclave, post-cure may be needed with this strategy, as final cure on the machine may not be possible, as it was for the initial UV cure strategy. The remainder of this report details the progress in the materials and machine design areas. Materials Development The material system must be designed to fulfill the following requirements: to reduce the time and labor requirements of typical cure cycles; to reduce the thermal stresses developed during conventional heat curing; and to develop a structure that the build sequence requires. In order to accomplish these goals, there have been parallel tracks of investigation. One area has tested photopolymerizable (ultraviolet (UV) curable) materials and combinations of these materials with standard heat curing resins. The second area has investigated resins that cure rapidly at room or low heat temperatures. The main goal of these investigations has been to identify a system that will rapidly set or cure at room temperature during a tape lay-up process and hold its structure during a post-cure cycle.

  17. Japanese cedar pollinosis: Discovery, nomenclature, and epidemiological trends

    PubMed Central

    SAITO, Yozo

    2014-01-01

    The history of pollinosis in Japan before the discovery of Japanese cedar pollinosis was presented in part I in this paper. Until early 1960s, it was believed that there was no pollinosis in Japan except one case of ragweed pollinosis. The summary of how the Japanese cedar pollinosis was discovered and named was presented in part II, by referring to the paper in which we reported the presence of Japanese cedar pollinosis for the first time. The epidemiology after the discovery of Japanese cedar pollinosis was presented in part III. The number of the patients suffering from Japanese cedar pollinosis gradually increased since the 1970s. The annual incidence rate of the pollinosis had correlations with the dispersed pollen count per year. The prevalence rate of the patients with Japanese cedar pollinosis increased from 16.2% in 1998 to 26.5% in 2008 by the nationwide survey. The prevalence rate of the patients with Japanese cedar pollinosis in Tokyo metropolitan area was 10% from 1983 to 1987, 19.4% in 1996, and 28.2% in 2006. The prospects of current research and future studies were discussed in parts IV and V. PMID:24919759

  18. Dental fear of Japanese residents in the United States.

    PubMed Central

    Domoto, P.; Weinstein, P.; Kamo, Y.; Wohlers, K.; Fiset, L.; Tanaka, A.

    1991-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate dental fear in a sample of Japanese adults and to make preliminary comparisons with a previously described US sample. The survey instrument was translated into Japanese and then translated back into English and was sent to 839 Japanese residing in the Seattle area. A total of 419 (49.9%) usable questionnaires were returned. Results indicate a level of fear higher than the US population (only 17.9% were not at all afraid). Fear level did not vary by age; most respondents (73.3%) acquired their fear in early childhood. While reported utilization was lower than the American sample, the percentage of Japanese respondents who reported being hurt at the last appointment was high (68.0%). Japanese respondents indicated that 35% of dentists appeared to be in a hurry, hurry being associated with being hurt. Japanese coping practices appeared to differ from the American sample. For example, 14.7% of the Japanese whereas 28.2% of the US sample requested the dentist to stop treatment. PMID:1814250

  19. [Influence of Japanese food on senility and health maintenance].

    PubMed

    Tsuduki, Tsuyoshi

    2015-01-01

      One of the factors that is believed to contribute to Japanese longevity is their dietary life, which is unique and distinct from Westerners. However, there has been no study that examined whether Japanese food in itself is effective for health maintenance. Therefore, we investigated in rats whether Japanese food is beneficial to health maintenance compared with American food. As a result, we revealed that modern Japanese food is useful for health maintenance compared with modern American food. We subsequently investigated the health benefits of Japanese food from different eras. The menus of Japanese foods from 4 different years, 2005, 1990, 1975 and 1960 were prepared, cooked, and powderized. Each of the Japanese foods was provided to mice. We found that the Japanese food from 1975 exhibited health benefits with respect to the stages of growth, adolescence, maturity and old age. Furthermore, we focused on fish oil, which is one of the beneficial ingredients of Japanese food, and investigated the effect of its long-term intake on lifespan in mice. Surprisingly, long-term intake of large amounts of fish oil shortened the lifespan of these mice. By contrast, intake of small amounts of fish oil with antioxidants extended the lifespan. Moreover, while intake of large amounts of fish oil also shortened the lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans), intake of small amounts of fish oil extended the lifespan. Thus, it was suggested that even when foods have been reported to have health benefits, ingestion of large amounts of individual foods is undesirable for health maintenance. PMID:25743899

  20. Polymeric rapid prototyping for inexpensive and portable medical diagnostics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Tianchi; Northrup, Victoria; Fung, Andrew O.; Glerum, D. Moira; Backhouse, Christopher J.

    2012-10-01

    The advent of inexpensive CO2 laser systems has led to a wide range of demonstrations of microfabricated lab on chip systems built of acrylic. However, there has been little application of these systems to building microfluidics for DNA analysis. In this work we explore the use of CO2 laser systems for building microfluidics for DNA analysis and relate the artifacts of the fabrication technology to the performance of the system. We show that surface roughness that leads to significant constrictions in the separation channel provides an upper limit of the size of DNA that can be analysed. Below that upper limit, the resolution of the chip is strongly affected by the degree to which the separation channel is exposed to redeposited by-products of the ablation process. We show that by controlling these effects we are reliably able to discern two types of PCR product as a test representative of a real application. By being able to do this is in microfluidic devices the size of a postage stamp we have shown that we can now use CO2 laser systems for the development of extremely inexpensive diagnostic systems using a rapid prototyping approach.

  1. NASA Innovation Builds Better Nanotubes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2008-01-01

    Nanotailor Inc., based in Austin, Texas, licensed Goddard Space Flight Center's unique single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) fabrication process with plans to make high-quality, low-cost SWCNTs available commercially. Carbon nanotubes are being used in a wide variety of applications, and NASA's improved production method will increase their applicability in medicine, microelectronics, advanced materials, and molecular containment. Nanotailor built and tested a prototype based on Goddard's process, and is using this technique to lower the cost and improve the integrity of nanotubes, offering a better product for use in biomaterials, advanced materials, space exploration, highway and building construction, and many other applications.

  2. Immunogenicity of single-dose Vero cell-derived Japanese encephalitis vaccine in Japanese adults.

    PubMed

    Takeshita, Nozomi; Lim, Chang-Kweng; Mizuno, Yasutaka; Shimbo, Takuro; Kotaki, Akira; Ujiie, Mugen; Hayakawa, Kayoko; Kato, Yasuyuki; Kanagawa, Shuzo; Kaku, Mitsuo; Takasaki, Tomohiko

    2014-04-01

    In Japan, intensive immunization against Japanese encephalitis (JE) was performed from 1967 to 1976, and regular JE immunization was performed thereafter. However, for Japanese adults facing JE risk, dates of vaccination with new inactivated Vero cell-derived JE vaccine are unavailable. This study investigated how a single dose of Vero cell-derived JE vaccine affects Japanese adults. Neutralizing antibodies were measured pre- and post-JE vaccination in 79 participants (age 40.7 ± 9.4 years), enrolled between October 2009 and March 2011, whose JE-vaccination data were gathered from vaccination records and history taking. Before vaccination, the participants' seroprotection rate (SPR) was 51.9%, whereas SPR after vaccination was 93.7%. The seroconversion rate (SCR), which measures seronegative cases that turn seropositive after vaccination, was 86.8%. The geometric mean titer (GMT) was 14.7 before vaccination and 70.1 after vaccination. Age was a significant difference between seroprotected (42.8 years) and non-seroprotected (38.7 years) groups before vaccination. Then the difference of age, SCR, pre-vaccination GMT, post-vaccination GMT and sex ratio were also significant in participants aged 25-39 years and ?40 years, who represent generations born when Japan's JE-vaccination policy changed. SCR was 100% in participants aged 25-39 years with a vaccination recorded 55.6% in participants aged 25-39 without a vaccination record, and 96.0% in participants aged ?40 years. Thus, more participants aged 25-39 years were seroprotected before vaccination, but SCR was higher in those aged ?40 years. Most Japanese adults can be protected after one-dose vaccination, but this may be insufficient for people aged 25-39 years without recorded JE vaccination. PMID:24485326

  3. Biracial Japanese American identity: an evolving process.

    PubMed

    Collins, J F

    2000-05-01

    This qualitative study explored the complexity of biracial identity development in Japanese Americans. It is based on the constant comparable method of analysis, or grounded theory. The study focused on how Japanese Americans perceived themselves in relation to other individuals, groups, and their environment. The data consisted of 15 extensive semistructured interviews with 8 men and 7 women (ages 20 to 40 years), each with 1 Japanese parent and 1 non-Asian parent. Findings relate to participants' initiating explorations of identity and perseverance in pursuing a biracial identity, which depended on the degree of support or negative experience within their social networks. Participants explored identity options attempting to develop their own meaning of identity, to develop a confident sense of themselves, and to secure a positive ethnic identity. Identity development among participants varied. It was a long-term process involving changes in the individual-environment relationship, which differed in the way individual participants influenced or selected from environmental opportunities, even creating or recreating some aspects. Within a given setting, as youths, the potential for social experiences were relatively fixed and changed only gradually. As adults, there were opportunities for participants to select their own social and geographic settings, providing opportunity for change. In their new environments, participants were exposed to new contacts and role models, acquired new behavioral repertoire, and underwent role transitions. Depending on this, new and different aspects of biracial identity developed. Participants indicated it was an emotional and conflictual process to positive assertion of identity. Before reaching this, all of the participants experienced periods of confusion. Most asserted biracial identity gradually, through a process of racial identity development consisting of the individual's changing or maintaining certain reference group perspectives, identifications, and allegiances as they passed through a series of life experiences. Instead of staying marginalized, they integrated both cultures, recognizing positive values of both, thus developing an integrated identity. Although the participants' experiences and perceptions were varied, the overarching themes of self-evaluation, confusion of categorization, belonging, infusion/exploration, situational use of identity, and resolution/acceptance/self-verification were presented. On the basis of the research, a model of ethnic identity for biracial individuals is proposed. PMID:10910527

  4. Jim Breen's WWWJDIC Japanese-English Dictionary Server

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Breen, Jim

    A student who has studied Japanese for several years recommended this resource to AMSER. The site is an online Japanese-English Dictionary and it is set apart from other dictionary or translation sites because of the ability of a user to look up kanji in more than one way, including drawing them using a java applet. Other useful features include cell-phone friendly pages for Japanese to English translation, and vice versa. For a good introduction on how the site is formulated users should click on �View Documentation� for a good general overview before digging in.

  5. Building Molecules

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

    2005-01-01

    This online interactive has three activities in the NanoLab (press the upper right button): Build, Zoom, and Transform. In Build, learners build increasingly complex molecules out of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen, and is useful for connecting subscripts and the number of atoms, and for introducing 3D molecular structures which are automatically built. Zoom is a "powers of 10" zoom-in ranging from 10,000 kilometers to 1 nanometer. Transform is a simulation of water changing phase from solid to liquid to gas. Through exploration of the site learners form a better understanding of the composition of matter.

  6. Prototype nickel component demonstration. Final report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Boss

    1994-01-01

    We have been developing a process to produce high-purity nickel structures from nickel carbonyl using chemical vapor deposition (CVD). The prototype demonstration effort had been separated into a number of independent tasks to allow Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) the greatest flexibility in tailoring the project to their needs. LANL selected three of the proposed tasks to be performed--Task 1-

  7. Computational prototyping of the Chemical Imaging Sensor

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Slawomir Blonski; Meng H. Lean; Janet L. Jensen; Ronald B. Crosier; Mark S. Schlein

    1997-01-01

    A computational prototyping environment has been developed for the chemical imaging sensor, an IR imaging passive standoff detection device based on the rapid-scan Fourier transform interferometer. The environment uses commercially available software (AVS) which features a visual programing interface, extensive visualization capabilities, interactive steering, and an ability to distribute computations over a heterogenous group of computers. Physical models developed to

  8. Conceptual Design of a Prototype LSST Database

    SciTech Connect

    Nikolaev, S; Huber, M E; Cook, K H; Abdulla, G; Brase, J

    2004-10-07

    This document describes a preliminary design for Prototype LSST Database (LSST DB). They identify key components and data structures and provide an expandable conceptual schema for the database. The authors discuss the potential user applications and post-processing algorithm to interact with the database, and give a set of example queries.

  9. NEST: a network simulation and prototyping testbed

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexander Dupuy; Jed Schwartz; Yechiam Yemini; David F. Bacon

    1990-01-01

    The Network Simulation Testbed (NEST) is a graphical environment for simulation and rapid-prototyping of distributed networked systems and protocols. Designers of distributed networked systems require the ability to study the systems operations under a variety of simulated network scenarios. For example, designers of a routing protocol need to study the steady-state performance features of the mechanism as well as its

  10. Development of a prototype lignin concentration sensor

    SciTech Connect

    Malito, M.L.; Jeffers, L.A.

    1993-01-01

    The US Department of Energy, Office of Industrial Technologies, is sponsoring a research and development program for the development of a real-time, in-situ sensor to measure the concentration of lignin in wood pulp. The program is composed of phase I showing feasibility which is now complete, phase II for development and testing of a Field Prototype, in progress, Phase III commercialization. Phase I work (funded entirely by B&W) demonstrated a correlation between the fluorescence intensity and lignin concentration (as measured by TAPPI procedure, T 236 hm-85 Kappa Number of Pulp) for undiluted wood pulp samples. In Phase II, a laboratory test program directed at characterizing the fluorescence of wood pulp has been conducted as a prelude to the design of a prototype sensor. The current report summarizes the testing completed in Phase I and documents the Phase II laboratory testing completed through December 1991. Future Phase II efforts include additional laboratory testing, design and fabrication of a prototype sensor, and field testing of the prototype sensor. Phase III of the program will concentrate on the incorporation of the sensor into a control system and commercialization of the sensor.

  11. Development of a prototype lignin concentration sensor

    SciTech Connect

    Malito, M.L.; Jeffers, L.A.

    1993-01-01

    The US Department of Energy, Office of Industrial Technologies, is sponsoring a research and development program for the development of a real-time, in-situ sensor to measure the concentration of lignin in wood pulp. The program is composed of phase I showing feasibility which is now complete, phase II for development and testing of a Field Prototype, in progress, Phase III commercialization. Phase I work (funded entirely by B W) demonstrated a correlation between the fluorescence intensity and lignin concentration (as measured by TAPPI procedure, T 236 hm-85 Kappa Number of Pulp) for undiluted wood pulp samples. In Phase II, a laboratory test program directed at characterizing the fluorescence of wood pulp has been conducted as a prelude to the design of a prototype sensor. The current report summarizes the testing completed in Phase I and documents the Phase II laboratory testing completed through December 1991. Future Phase II efforts include additional laboratory testing, design and fabrication of a prototype sensor, and field testing of the prototype sensor. Phase III of the program will concentrate on the incorporation of the sensor into a control system and commercialization of the sensor.

  12. MDLab: A Molecular Dynamics Simulation Prototyping Environment

    E-print Network

    Izaguirre, JesĂşs A.

    MDLab: A Molecular Dynamics Simulation Prototyping Environment Trevor Cickovski1 ,Santanu level sampling protocols that run several instances of molecular dynamics. For computationally demanding-Eijnden. MDLab is available at http://mdlab.sourceforge.net. Key words: molecular dynamics, sampling, Python

  13. Methodology for Prototyping Increased Levels of Automation

    E-print Network

    Valasek, John

    Methodology for Prototyping Increased Levels of Automation for Spacecraft Rendezvous Functions of automation than previous NASA vehicles, due to program requirements for automation, including Automated Ren authority between humans and computers (i.e. automation) as a prime driver for cost, safety, and mission

  14. Prototype solar heating and cooling systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1978-01-01

    A collection of monthly status reports are given on the development of eight prototype solar heating and cooling systems. This effort calls for the development, manufacturing, test, system installation, maintenance, problem resolution, and performance evaluation. The systems are 3-, 25-, and 75-ton size units.

  15. Hazard Communication and Training. A Prototype.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barry, Dana M.

    1987-01-01

    Describes a prototype hazard communication and training program for manufacturers. Discusses the necessary ingredients of such a program, including chemical inventorying, labeling hazardous chemicals, maintaining a current file of material safety data sheets, and written training programs. Includes samples of material safety data sheets, labeling…

  16. Prototyping a Planning System for Orbital Reconstruction

    E-print Network

    Bartz, Dirk

    . A malformed orbit causes one eye to be displaced from a position that is sym- metrical to the eyePrototyping a Planning System for Orbital Reconstruction Jan Fischer1 , Melissa Mekic1 , ´Angel del orbit to be symmetrical to the intact one. Here, the main difficulty of this intervention

  17. Prototype bucket foundation for wind turbines

    E-print Network

    Prototype bucket foundation for wind turbines -natural frequency estimation Lars Bo Ibsen Morten bucket foundation for wind turbines -natural frequency estimation by Lars Bo Ibsen Morten Liingaard foundation for wind turbines--natural frequency estimation" is divided into four numbered sections

  18. Safety design of prototype fast breeder reactor

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. B. Bhoje; S. C. Chetal; Om Pal Singh

    2004-01-01

    The basic design and safety design of Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR) is presented. Design aspects covered include safety classification, seismic categorization, design basis conditions, design safety limits, core physics, core monitoring, shutdown system, decay heat removal system, protection against sodium leaks and tube leaks in steam generator, plant layout, radiation protection, event analysis, beyond design basis accidents, integrity of

  19. Analysis of the TRIPS prototype block predictor

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nitya Ranganathan; Doug Burger; Stephen W. Keckler

    2009-01-01

    This paper analyzes the performance of the TRIPS proto- type chip's block predictor. The prototype is the first imple- mentation of the block-atomic TRIPS architecture, wherein the unit of execution is a TRIPS hyperblock. The TRIPS pro- totype predictor uses a two-step prediction process: it first predicts the exit from the current hyperblock and uses the predicted exit in conjunction

  20. Speech recognition using noise-adaptive prototypes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ARTHUR NADAS; DAVID NAHAMOO; MICHAEL A. PICHENY

    1989-01-01

    A probabilistic mixture mode is described for a frame (the short term spectrum) of speech to be used in speech recognition. Each component of the mixture is regarded as a prototype for the labeling phase of a hidden Markov model based speech recognition system. Since the ambient noise during recognition can differ from that present in the training data, the

  1. Automated inventory tracking system prototype in cloud

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rob Grmek; Youry Khmelevsky; Dmitry Syrotovsky

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we investigate possible solutions for alleviating retail manufacturers of logistical concerns by using inexpensive cell phones with WAP and WiFi capabilities, low resolution digital cameras, and open source applications for web hosts in the cloud to store and process business information. The proposed inventory tracking system prototype is aimed at the company’s agents whose responsibilities are to

  2. Directional migration: a prototypical cellular control system

    E-print Network

    Sontag, Eduardo

    Directional migration: a prototypical cellular control system Pablo A. Iglesias Electrical-studied forms of cellular function: directed cell migration. Chemotaxis is the movement of cells guided infection. There are cells which, though normally stationary, can also migrate in response to external cues

  3. Desktop Prototyping of Metals and Alloys

    SciTech Connect

    Alexander, J.H.

    2000-03-30

    It has been shown possible to prepare nanoscale nickel oxide by the NRC plasma process. Dispersion were successfully made from the nickel oxide that could be ink-jetted using Sanders International ModelMaker equipment. Ink-jetted layers were sintered to nickel metal thus demonstrating the feasibility of desktop prototyping of metal and alloy miniature components.

  4. The Prototype of the Virtual Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Jack M.; Mosher, David N.

    1994-01-01

    Introduces an interactive distance learning environment prototype developed jointly by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) and AT&T which allows students to participate in virtual classroom environments by using computer teleconferencing. Student collaboration, note taking, question answering capabilities, project background, learning theory,…

  5. Web tools for rapid experimental visualization prototyping

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Decker, Jonathan W.; Livingstion, Mark A.

    2013-01-01

    Quite often a researcher finds themselves looking at spreadsheets of high-dimensional data generated by experimental models and user studies. We can use analysis to challenge or confirm hypothesis, but unexpected results can easily be lost in the shuffle. For this reason, it would be useful to visualize the results so we can explore our data and make new discoveries. Web browsers have become increasingly capable for creating complex, multi-view applications. Javascript is quickly becoming a de facto standard for scripting, online and offline. This work demonstrates the use of web technologies as a powerful tool for rapid visualization prototyping. We have developed two prototypes: One for high-dimensional results of the abELICIT - multi-agent version of the ELICIT platform tasked with collaborating to identify the parameters of a pending attack. Another prototype displays responses to a user study on the effectiveness of multi-layer visualization techniques. We created coordinated multiple views prototypes in the Google Chrome web browser written in Javascript, CSS and HTML. We will discuss the benefits and shortcomings of this approach.

  6. Preadmission Student Advising: A Prototype Computerized System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grupe, Fritz H.; Maples, Mary F.

    1992-01-01

    A prototype computerized expert system was designed to advise high school or first-year college students who are uncertain about a particular college or major. On-demand consultation gathers information about student grades, interests, test scores, and aptitudes, assesses admission qualifications for a variety of majors, then recommends curricula…

  7. Dynamic virtual prototype of soldier system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Li Feng; Li Shuguang; Zheng Lei; Lou Li; Xu Cheng

    2008-01-01

    The development of soldier system is customarily based on intuition and experience, however, the costs of this process without simulation is quite high. For this, the soldier simulation system should be established. Based on the multi-body dynamics principle, the definition of dynamic virtual prototype (DVP) of soldier system is presented. The topological structure of soldier system is constructed and the

  8. A Prototype Expert System for Fishway Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bender, Michael J.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Describes the development of a prototype expert system to recommend the most suitable type of fishway for given design conditions. Recommendations are provided on the basis of fishway hydraulics, fish passage performance, and cost requirements. An appendix provides an example consultation. (MDH)

  9. Medical rapid prototyping applications and methods

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. C. Hieu; N. Zlatov; J. Vander Sloten; E. Bohez; L. Khanh; P. H. Binh; P. Oris; Y. Toshev

    2005-01-01

    Purpose – Aims to investigate medical rapid prototyping (medical RP) technology applications and methods based on reverse engineering (RE) and medical imaging data. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Medical image processing and RE are applied to construct three-dimensional models of anatomical structures, from which custom-made (personalized) medical applications are developed. Findings – The investigated methods were successfully used for design and manufacturing of

  10. Dynamic Prototypicality Effects in Visual Search

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kayaert, Greet; Op de Beeck, Hans P.; Wagemans, Johan

    2011-01-01

    In recent studies, researchers have discovered a larger neural activation for stimuli that are more extreme exemplars of their stimulus class, compared with stimuli that are more prototypical. This has been shown for faces as well as for familiar and novel shape classes. We used a visual search task to look for a behavioral correlate of these…

  11. The Prototypicality of Topic in Mandarin Chinese.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chu, Chauncey C.

    1993-01-01

    Data from 82 native speakers of Chinese were used to test a hypothesis about the topic in Chinese. The basic characteristics are those of being a nominal and serving as an interclausal link, and the hypothesis is revised to consist of these two as primary attributes. The Chinese prototype and the universal topic are compared. (Contains 20…

  12. The PANDA GEM-based TPC Prototype

    E-print Network

    L. Fabbietti; H. Angerer; R. Beck; M. Berger; F. Böhmer; K. T. Brinkmann; P. Bühler; M. Danner; S. D\\orheim; C. Funke; F. Cusanno; J. Hehner; A. Heinz; M. Henske; C. Höppner; D. Kaiser; B. Ketzer; I. Konorov; J. Kunkel; M. Lang; J. Marton; S. Neubert; S. Paul; A. Schmah; C. Schmidt; R. Schmitz; S. Schwab; D. Soyk; K. Suzuki; U. Thoma; M. Vandenbroucke; B. Voss; D. Walter; Q. Weitzel; E. Widmann; A. Winnebeck; L. Wörner; H. G. Zaunick; X. Zhang; J. Zmeskal

    2010-05-26

    We report on the development of a GEM-based TPC prototype for the PANDA experiment. The design and requirements of this device will be illustrated, with particular emphasis on the properties of the recently tested GEM-detector, the characterization of the read-out electronics and the development of the tracking software that allows to evaluate the GEM-TPC data.

  13. Acquiring Financial Management Software: A Prototyping Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, John H.

    1990-01-01

    When the Smithsonian Institution recently acquired a new financial management system, the concept of prototyping was used throughout the process, but in a broader sense than in software development. It was used to refine requirements, establish software management techniques, test a logistical system, and implement and apply the package. (MSE)

  14. The Austrialian National Chinese Japanese Korean Project

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Groom, Linda

    1994-01-01

    Providing access to Asian-language materials has always been a problem for libraries. There are particular difficulties in acquiring Asian materials, in cataloguing them and providing access, and in incorporating them in library systems. There is, however, an urgent and growing need for access to Asian materials. Part of the response of the Australian library community to the difficulties and to the increasing need has been the Australian National CJK (Chinese, Japanese and Korean) Project. The CJK Project is a co-operative project involving seven Australian universities and the National Library of Australia. Membership is expected to grow to include other Australian research libraries, some public research libraries and some overseas libraries.

  15. Spirituality in nursing from a Japanese perspective.

    PubMed

    Shirahama, K; Inoue, E M

    2001-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the concept of spirituality and its expression among persons in a Japanese farming community. It was found that spirituality was described as "living in harmony with nature and surrounding people." Common expressions of this spirituality were through faith and ways of worship, prayer, search for inner peace, hope and thanksgiving, including spiritual well-being. The latter was defined as showing thanks to nature, ancestors, and people; caring for surrounding people; and peacefully embracing the concept of death. To provide congruent spiritual care, it was suggested that nurses need to expand their own knowledge and understanding of spirituality; integrate spirituality in their nursing care; and improve communication with their clients and their families. PMID:12120113

  16. [Communication during hospitalization of Japanese immigrant patients].

    PubMed

    Chubaci, Rosa Yuka Sato; Merighi, Miriam Aparecida Barbosa

    2002-01-01

    Communication--verbal or non-verbal--during hospitalization is an important tool to provide a new way of looking and acting to nursing professionals. Based on the consideration that the understanding about the disease and hospitalization can be impaired due to the difficulty in understanding the Portuguese language, the authors carried out the present study aiming at evaluating the importance of the communication during hospitalization. In order to unveil the experience of these subjects, the authors developed a qualitative investigation with a phenomenological approach. Authors interviewed 17 Japanese immigrants at a hospital in the city of Săo Paulo. Results showed that the difficulty in speaking Portuguese interfered in the patients' understanding about the disease, its treatment and the relationship with the health team, enhancing the feeling of insecurity and demonstrating that culture does play an important role on these patients' behavior and attitudes concerning the disease and hospitalization. PMID:12696552

  17. The antioxidative activity of traditional Japanese herbs.

    PubMed

    Xiufen, Wang; Hiramatsu, Naoko; Matsubara, Mai

    2004-01-01

    The objective of this research was to examine the radical scavenging activity of traditional Japanese herbs. Samples used in the experiments were gennoshoko (Geranium nepalense var. thunbergii), yomogi (Artemisia vulgaris var.indica), senburi (Swertia japonica), iwa-tobacco (Conandron ramondioides), sarunokoshikake (Elfvingia applanata), kanzo (Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch) and matatabi (Actinidia polygama). The water-soluble components of the herbs were extracted in boiling water, and the volatile oil was extracted by a distillation apparatus or steeping in some organic solvents such as petroleum ether and ethyl ether. The radical scavenging activity was determined by the decrease of free radicals of DPPH detected by both colorimetric assay and HPLC method at 517 nm. The extracts of gennoshoko, yomogi and iwa-tobacco showed remarkable radical scavenging activity. The volatile oil of yomogi obtained by distillation or steeping in organic solvents had especially strong antioxidative activity. PMID:15630212

  18. Inguinal porokeratosis in a Japanese man

    PubMed Central

    Hayashi, Yuka; Ozeki, Masahiko; Ishizaki, Sumiko; Fujibayashi, Mariko; Mitsuhashi, Yoshihiko; Izumi, Miki; Tanaka, Masaru

    2013-01-01

    Inguinal and genital porokeratosis are rare but seem to be more common in Asians. We report a case of a 69-year-old Japanese man with multiple lesions of porokeratosis in both inguinal regions. The lesions first appeared in the inguinal region and subsequently spread to the trunk. The patient reported that his father had had similar lesions. Dermoscopy demonstrated central brown pigmentation and blue-gray dots surrounded by a single “white track” at the periphery. The exterior border of the white track also showed light brown pigmentation. Genital or inguinal porokeratosis is uncommon and may be misdiagnosed as Bowen’s disease, lichen planus or extramammary Paget’s disease. However, awareness of this entity and the use of dermoscopy are helpful to establish a correct diagnosis. PMID:24282660

  19. Calisphere: Japanese American Relocation Digital Archives (JARDA)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In the four years between 1942 and 1946, the United States government â??evacuatedâ?ť and interned more than 120,000 Japanese American citizens as part of President Franklin D. Rooseveltâ??s Executive Order 9066. The U.S. government has since admitted that there was little evidence for the disloyalty of the internees, and that the entire affair was based on â??race prejudice, war hysteria, and a failure of political leadershipâ?ť (100th Congress, S. 1009). This poignant online exhibit from the University of California chronicles the experience of the incarcerated men, women, and children. Click on People, Places, Daily Life, and Personal Experiences to view paintings and photographs or read primary texts and historical analyses of this most unfortunate government overreach. A variety of lesson plans aligned with California Content Standards are also available and include such topics as â??Are We American Again?â?ť and â??Beauty Behind Barbed Wire.â?ť

  20. Building Sandcastles

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2014-01-01

    In this interactive application young children become familiar with 3-dimensional shapes by matching a variety of shapes in order to build a sandcastle. There are two levels of play, parent pointers, and hints to help out along the way.

  1. Building debris

    E-print Network

    Dahmen, Joseph (Joseph F. D.)

    2006-01-01

    This thesis relates architectural practices to intelligent use of resources and the reuse of derelict spaces. The initial investigation of rammed earth as a building material is followed by site-specific operations at the ...

  2. Association of diet and place of birth with stomach cancer incidence in Hawaii Japanese and Caucasians13

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laurence N. Kolonel; Abraham M. Y Nomura; Tomio Hirohata; Jean H. Hankin; M. Ward Hinds

    Stomach cancer incidence rates were compared among four groups: Japanese in Japan, Japanese in Hawaii, Caucasians in Hawaii, and all American whites. The highest rates at all ages occurred in the Japan Japanese, followed next by the Hawaii Japanese. Hawaii Caucasians tended to have similar age-specific rates to American whites in general. When the Japanese and Caucasians in Hawaii were

  3. An On-Line Study of Japanese Nesting Complexity

    E-print Network

    Nakatani, Kentaro

    This paper reports the results of a self-paced reading experiment in Japanese in which the materials consisted of four versions of successively more nested syntactic structures. It was found that (1) people read the more ...

  4. Close view of the two pavilions and causeway; note Japanese ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Close view of the two pavilions and causeway; note Japanese Pagoda in background and causeway extension to the Swiss Chalet - National Park Seminary, Chateau Causeways, Between Linden Lane & Beach Drive, Silver Spring, Montgomery County, MD

  5. Monoclonal Antibodies Against NS2B of Japanese Encephalitis Virus.

    PubMed

    Dong, Qian; Xu, Qiuping; Ruan, Xindi; Huang, Shaomei; Cao, Shengbo

    2015-04-01

    Japanese encephalitis (JE) is one of the most important viral encephalitis, caused by the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). The function of non-structural protein 2B (NS2B) mostly remains unclear. In our study, NS2B of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified by dialysis. After fusing mouse myeloma cell line SP2/0 with spleen lymphocytes from NS2B protein immunized mice, three clones of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs), named 1B9, 3E12, and 4E6, were generated. The specificity and sensitivity of MAbs were demonstrated by ELISA, indirect immunofluorescence assay, and Western blot. These MAbs will be useful in further exploration of the functions of NS2B and the pathogenesis of Japanese encephalitis virus. PMID:25897607

  6. Japanese technology assessment: Computer science, opto- and microelectronics mechatronics, biotechnology

    SciTech Connect

    Brandin, D.; Wieder, H.; Spicer, W.; Nevins, J.; Oxender, D.

    1986-01-01

    The series studies Japanese research and development in four high-technology areas - computer science, opto and microelectronics, mechatronics (a term created by the Japanese to describe the union of mechanical and electronic engineering to produce the next generation of machines, robots, and the like), and biotechnology. The evaluations were conducted by panels of U.S. scientists - chosen from academia, government, and industry - actively involved in research in areas of expertise. The studies were prepared for the purpose of aiding the U.S. response to Japan's technological challenge. The main focus of the assessments is on the current status and long-term direction and emphasis of Japanese research and development. Other aspects covered include evolution of the state of the art; identification of Japanese researchers, R and D organizations, and resources; and comparative U.S. efforts. The general time frame of the studies corresponds to future industrial applications and potential commercial impacts spanning approximately the next two decades.

  7. PLANTINSECT INTERACTIONS Longevity and Fecundity of Japanese Beetle (Popillia japonica)

    E-print Network

    DeLucia, Evan H.

    PLANTĐINSECT INTERACTIONS Longevity and Fecundity of Japanese Beetle (Popillia japonica) on Foliage3), another anthropogenic gaseous pollutant, beetles in the laboratory were fed soybean leaves grown for longevity-enhancing antioxidants, because increases in dietary antioxidants can increase lifespan

  8. RIKEN Radio Isotope Beam Factory: Japanese Flagship for Nuclear Science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    En'yo, Hideto

    2015-11-01

    Recent activities at the RIKEN Radio Isotope Beam Factory (RIBF) are reported together with its history and future prospects. RIBF is the Japanese flagship for nuclear science, and at this moment is the world flagship machine.

  9. Japanese Distance Learning: A Kansas Summer Program for Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brooks, Colleen; Fernandez, Edmee

    2001-01-01

    Describes a successful program that introduced Japanese language and culture to children in Kansas. End of program survey results revealed that students, parents, and facilitators were overwhelmingly positive about the program. (Author/VWL)

  10. Demand Relief and Weather Sensitivity in Large California Commercial Office Buildings 

    E-print Network

    Kinney, S.; Piette, M. A.; Gu, L.; Haves, P.

    2001-01-01

    Temperature (Deg F) Main Power (kWh/day) Figure 1. Building Energy vs. Outside Temperature for a Sacramento office building. Figure 2 shows a similar correlation for the Dellums Federal Building, located in the milder climate of Oakland. The correlation... strategies described above. A prototypical medium size (6 story, 100,000 sf) commercial office building has been simulated in five climates: Oakland, Pasadena, Sacramento, Fresno and Las Vegas. Two HVAC systems, representing the extremes of existing...

  11. Evaluating genetic risk for prostate cancer among Japanese and Latinos

    PubMed Central

    Cheng, Iona; Chen, Gary K.; Nakagawa, Hidewaki; He, Jing; Wan, Peggy; Laurie, Cathy; Shen, Jess; Sheng, Xin; Pooler, Loreall C.; Crenshaw, Andrew T.; Mirel, Daniel B.; Takahashi, Atsushi; Kubo, Michiaki; Nakamura, Yusuke; Al Olama, Ali Amin; Benlloch, Sara; Donovan, Jenny L.; Guy, Michelle; Hamdy, Freddie C.; Kote-Jarai, Zsofia; Neal, David E.; Wilkens, Lynne R.; Monroe, Kristine R.; Stram, Daniel O.; Muir, Kenneth; Eeles, Rosalind A.; Easton, Douglas F.; Kolonel, Laurence N.; Henderson, Brian E.; Le Marchand, Loďc; Haiman, Christopher A.

    2012-01-01

    Background There have been few genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of prostate cancer among diverse populations. To search for novel prostate cancer risk variants, we conducted GWAS of prostate cancer in Japanese and Latinos. In addition, we tested prostate cancer risk variants and developed genetic risk models of prostate cancer for Japanese and Latinos. Methods Our first stage GWAS of prostate cancer included Japanese (cases/controls=1,033/1,042) and Latino (cases/controls=1,043/1,057) from the Multiethnic Cohort. Significant associations from stage 1 (P < 1.0×10?4) were examined in silico in GWAS of prostate cancer (stage 2) in Japanese (cases/controls=1,583/3,386) and Europeans (cases/controls=1,854/1,894). Results No novel stage 1 SNPs outside of known risk regions reached genome-wide significance. For Japanese, in stage 1, the most notable putative novel association was seen with 10 SNPs (P<8.0. x10?6) at chromosome 2q33; however, this was not replicated in stage 2. For Latinos, the most significant association was observed with rs17023900 at the known 3p12 risk locus (stage 1: OR=1.45; P=7.01×10?5 and stage 2: OR=1.58; P =3.05×10?7). The majority of the established risk variants for prostate cancer, 79% and 88%, were positively associated with prostate cancer in Japanese and Latinos (stage I), respectively. The cumulative effects of these variants significantly influence prostate cancer risk (OR per allele=1.10; P = 2.71×10?25 and OR=1.07; P = 1.02×10?16 for Japanese and Latinos, respectively). Conclusion and Impact Our GWAS of prostate cancer did not identify novel genome-wide significant variants. However, our findings demonstrate that established risk variants for prostate cancer significantly contribute to risk among Japanese and Latinos. PMID:22923026

  12. Patrimonial Thesis and Pre-Modern Japanese Herrschaft

    E-print Network

    Jacobs, Norman

    1964-10-01

    peculiar to the specific Japa nese situation.1 This view of pre-industrial Japanese Herrschaft essentially is one that considers Japanese society as similar to the societies which arose in continental East Asia, with minor concessions granted... to the uniqueness of all individual societies. I wish to dissent. I hasten to add immediately that I firmly believe that the patrimonial con cept is useful, even essential, for an understanding of continental Asian societies, especially Chinese society, and hence...

  13. Analysts' forecasts of Japanese firms' earnings: additional evidence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Huong Ngo Higgins

    2002-01-01

    This article examines analysts' forecasts of Japanese firms' earnings during Japan's economic burst period in the 1990s. Using the evidence of analyst earnings forecasts in the United States as a benchmark, the article documents the following three findings. First, whereas the forecast accuracy of U.S. analysts following U.S. firms improves over time, the forecast accuracy of U.S. and Japanese analysts

  14. Analysis of Natural History of Japanese Cedar Pollinosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Toru Okawa; Akiyoshi Konno; Takayuki Yamakoshi; Tsutomu Numata; Nobuhisa Terada; Masayuki Shima

    2003-01-01

    Background: The marked increase in the incidence of Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica; JC) pollinosis is a social problem in Japan. Elucidation of its natural history is, therefore, essential. Methods: Cross-sectional and vertical-sectional studies were performed regarding the effects of aging on sensitization to Japanese cedar pollen (JCP) and development of JC pollinosis by measuring serum IgE titers to JCP and

  15. Optimization of process parameters for dimensional accuracy in an area-forming rapid prototyping system using the Taguchi method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chiu, Shih-Hsuan; Chen, Cheng-Chin; Chen, Kun-Ting; Su, Chun-Hao

    2015-03-01

    Rapid prototyping (RP) technologies have been extensively applied to build products in recent decades. The area-forming rapid prototyping is an emerging RP technology with the advantages of a simple procedure with a short processing time. With the expansion in fields of application, the strictness on product quality has also increased. The dimensional accuracy of a product is one of the most critical quality characteristics. In order to improve the dimensional accuracy of a product from an area-forming RP system, this study optimizes the seven factors via the Taguchi method, and the result is verified with an extra sample.

  16. Network structure and community evolution on Twitter: human behavior change in response to the 2011 Japanese earthquake and tsunami.

    PubMed

    Lu, Xin; Brelsford, Christa

    2014-01-01

    To investigate the dynamics of social networks and the formation and evolution of online communities in response to extreme events, we collected three datasets from Twitter shortly before and after the 2011 earthquake and tsunami in Japan. We find that while almost all users increased their online activity after the earthquake, Japanese speakers, who are assumed to be more directly affected by the event, expanded the network of people they interact with to a much higher degree than English speakers or the global average. By investigating the evolution of communities, we find that the behavior of joining or quitting a community is far from random: users tend to stay in their current status and are less likely to join new communities from solitary or shift to other communities from their current community. While non-Japanese speakers did not change their conversation topics significantly after the earthquake, nearly all Japanese users changed their conversations to earthquake-related content. This study builds a systematic framework for investigating human behaviors under extreme events with online social network data and our findings on the dynamics of networks and communities may provide useful insight for understanding how patterns of social interaction are influenced by extreme events. PMID:25346468

  17. To build capacity, build confidence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hewitson, Bruce

    2015-07-01

    The history of attempts to spread scientific know-how beyond western centres of excellence is littered with failures. Capacity building needs long-term commitment, a critical mass of trainees, and a supportive home environment.

  18. Rapid prototyping in early stages of architectural design

    E-print Network

    Simondetti, Alvise

    1997-01-01

    This thesis shows how architects can use Rapid Prototyping and what the advantages and disadvantages are in different manipulations of the tool. Chapter two attempts to chart a road map of the rapid prototyping media. The ...

  19. Midas: Fabricating Custom Capacitive Touch Sensors to Prototype Interactive Objects

    E-print Network

    California at Irvine, University of

    . While digital fabrication techniques such as 3D printing make it easier to prototype the shape of custom processes like 3D printing and CNC ma- chining make it easier to prototype the form of such products

  20. Building America Industrialized Housing Partnership (BAIHP II)

    SciTech Connect

    Abernethy, Bob; Chandra, Subrato; Baden, Steven; Cummings, Jim; Cummings, Jamie; Beal, David; Chasar, David; Colon, Carlos; Dutton, Wanda; Fairey, Philip; Fonorow, Ken; Gil, Camilo; Gordon, Andrew; Hoak, David; Kerr, Ryan; Peeks, Brady; Kosar, Douglas; Hewes, Tom; Kalaghchy, Safvat; Lubliner, Mike; Martin, Eric; McIlvaine, Janet; Moyer, Neil; Liguori, Sabrina; Parker, Danny; Sherwin, John; Stroer, Dennis; Thomas-Rees, Stephanie; Daniel, Danielle; McIlvaine, Janet

    2010-11-30

    This report summarizes the work conducted by the Building America Industrialized Housing Partnership (BAIHP - www.baihp.org) during the final budget period (BP5) of our contract, January 1, 2010 to November 30, 2010. Highlights from the four previous budget periods are included for context. BAIHP is led by the Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) of the University of Central Florida. With over 50 Industry Partners including factory and site builders, work in BP5 was performed in six tasks areas: Building America System Research Management, Documentation and Technical Support; System Performance Evaluations; Prototype House Evaluations; Initial Community Scale Evaluations; Project Closeout, Final Review of BA Communities; and Other Research Activities.