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1

An Optimization and Assessment on DG adoption in JapanesePrototype Buildings  

SciTech Connect

This research investigates a method of choosing economicallyoptimal DER, expanding on prior studies at the Berkeley Lab using the DERdesign optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources CustomerAdoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds the optimal combination ofinstalled equipment from available DER technologies, given prevailingutility tariffs, site electrical and thermal loads, and a menu ofavailable equipment. It provides a global optimization, albeit idealized,that shows how the site energy load scan be served at minimum cost byselection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, andcooling. Five prototype Japanese commercial buildings are examined andDER-CAM applied to select thee conomically optimal DER system for each.The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sportsfacility. Based on the optimization results, energy and emissionreductions are evaluated. Furthermore, a Japan-U.S. comparison study ofpolicy, technology, and utility tariffs relevant to DER installation ispresented. Significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbon emissions,and energy costs were seen in the DER-CAM results. Savings were mostnoticeable in the sports facility, followed by the hospital, hotel, andoffice building.

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida,Masaru

2005-11-30

2

The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (Japanese translation)  

SciTech Connect

The August 2003 blackout of the northeastern U.S. and CANADA caused great economic losses and inconvenience to New York City and other affected areas. The blackout was a warning to the rest of the world that the ability of conventional power systems to meet growing electricity demand is questionable. Failure of large power systems can lead to serious emergencies. Introduction of on-site generation, renewable energy such as solar and wind power and the effective utilization of exhaust heat is needed, to meet the growing energy demands of the residential and commercial sectors. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems. This work demonstrates a method for choosing and designing economically optimal DER systems. An additional purpose of this research is to establish a database of energy tariffs, DER technology cost and performance characteristics, and building energy consumption for Japan. This research builds on prior DER studies at the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and with their associates in the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) and operation, including the development of the microgrid concept, and the DER selection optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM is a tool designed to find the optimal combination of installed equipment and an idealized operating schedule to minimize a site's energy bills, given performance and cost data on available DER technologies, utility tariffs, and site electrical and thermal loads over a test period, usually an historic year. Since hourly electric and thermal energy data are rarely available, they are typically developed by building simulation for each of six end use loads used to model the building: electric-only loads, space heating, space cooling, refrigeration, water heating, and natural-gas-only loads. DER-CAM provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the necessary useful energy loads can be provided for at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, cooling, and efficiency improvements. This study examines five prototype commercial buildings and uses DER-CAM to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Each building type was considered for both 5,000 and 10,000 square meter floor sizes. The energy consumption of these building types is based on building energy simulation and published literature. Based on the optimization results, energy conservation and the emissions reduction were also evaluated. Furthermore, a comparison study between Japan and the U.S. has been conducted covering the policy, technology and the utility tariffs effects on DER systems installations.

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

2004-10-15

3

The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (English Version)  

SciTech Connect

The August 2003 blackout of the northeastern U.S. and CANADA caused great economic losses and inconvenience to New York City and other affected areas. The blackout was a warning to the rest of the world that the ability of conventional power systems to meet growing electricity demand is questionable. Failure of large power systems can lead to serious emergencies. Introduction of on-site generation, renewable energy such as solar and wind power and the effective utilization of exhaust heat is needed, to meet the growing energy demands of the residential and commercial sectors. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems. This work demonstrates a method for choosing and designing economically optimal DER systems. An additional purpose of this research is to establish a database of energy tariffs, DER technology cost and performance characteristics, and building energy consumption for Japan. This research builds on prior DER studies at the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and with their associates in the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) and operation, including the development of the microgrid concept, and the DER selection optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM is a tool designed to find the optimal combination of installed equipment and an idealized operating schedule to minimize a site's energy bills, given performance and cost data on available DER technologies, utility tariffs, and site electrical and thermal loads over a test period, usually an historic year. Since hourly electric and thermal energy data are rarely available, they are typically developed by building simulation for each of six end use loads used to model the building: electric-only loads, space heating, space cooling, refrigeration, water heating, and natural-gas-only loads. DER-CAM provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the necessary useful energy loads can be provided for at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, cooling, and efficiency improvements. This study examines five prototype commercial buildings and uses DER-CAM to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Each building type was considered for both 5,000 and 10,000 square meter floor sizes. The energy consumption of these building types is based on building energy simulation and published literature. Based on the optimization results, energy conservation and the emissions reduction were also evaluated. Furthermore, a comparison study between Japan and the U.S. has been conducted covering the policy, technology and the utility tariffs effects on DER systems installations. This study begins with an examination of existing DER research. Building energy loads were then generated through simulation (DOE-2) and scaled to match available load data in the literature. Energy tariffs in Japan and the U.S. were then compared: electricity prices did not differ significantly, while commercial gas prices in Japan are much higher than in the U.S. For smaller DER systems, the installation costs in Japan are more than twice those in the U.S., but this difference becomes smaller with larger systems. In Japan, DER systems are eligible for a 1/3 rebate of installation costs, while subsidies in the U.S. vary significantly by region and application. For 10,000 m{sup 2} buildings, significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbon emissions, and energy costs were seen in the economically optimal results. This was most noticeable in the sports facility, followed the hospital and hotel. This research demonstrates that office buildings can benefit from CHP, in contrast to popular opinion. For hospitals and sports facilities, the use of waste heat is particularly effective for water and space heating. For the other building types, waste heat is most effectively use

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

2004-10-15

4

Building a prototype expert systems  

SciTech Connect

In the past few years expert system technology has been gaining increasing respect within the world of computer science as it offers practical solutions to problems which have previously defied computerization. This paper is the culmination of a years investigation into how LBL can practically make use of this technology to solve some of the problems being faced by its scientists. To establish this and gain a greater understanding of expert system technology we attempted to build a prototype expert system using a commercially available expert system shell. The application we chose was to troubleshoot the hardware of the TPC particle detector (used by high energy physicists at LBL) using Neuron Data's expert system shell, Nexpert. This paper gives some brief overviews of the theoretical and practical work done by other people in fields relevant to this project. It includes: expert systems, their development, diagnostic expert systems, and examples of expert systems built to troubleshoot electronic devices. We describe how we selected our prototype expert system and then how we went about designing and building it. For this we have detailed the knowledge necessary to start troubleshooting the TPC and the methods used to represent that knowledge within the expert system shell. Finally we discuss the understanding of expert system technology which we have gained during this project and why we believe that this technology has a place in the future of problem solving at LBL. 31 refs.

Kalmus, D.; Hutchinson, M.; Hall, D.

1988-07-01

5

Japanese prototype service robot R&D trends and examples  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Offers a broad overview on Japanese prototype service robot R&D trends and examples. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Displays two examples of service robotics: the forestry robot WOODY-1, and the android presenter and entertainer\\/informer\\/guide Repliee Q1. Findings – More and more frequently robotics usage has expanded into more diverse areas that involve work outside the confines of the factory floor. The

Gregory N. Ranky; Paul G. Ranky

2005-01-01

6

Building a parabolic solar concentrator prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to not further degrade the environment, people have been seeking to replace non-renewable natural resources such as fossil fuels by developing technologies that are based on renewable resources. An example of these technologies is solar energy. In this paper, we show the building and test of a solar parabolic concentrator as a prototype for the production of steam that can be coupled to a turbine to generate electricity or a steam engine in any particular industrial process.

Escobar-Romero, J. F. M.; Montiel, S. Vázquez y.; Granados-Agustín, F.; Cruz-Martínez, V. M.; Rodríguez-Rivera, E.; Martínez-Yáñez, L.

2011-01-01

7

Assessment of Distributed Generation Potential in JapaneseBuildings  

SciTech Connect

To meet growing energy demands, energy efficiency, renewable energy, and on-site generation coupled with effective utilization of exhaust heat will all be required. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems (or microgrids). This research investigates a method of choosing economically optimal DER, expanding on prior studies at the Berkeley Lab using the DER design optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds the optimal combination of installed equipment from available DER technologies, given prevailing utility tariffs, site electrical and thermal loads, and a menu of available equipment. It provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the site energy loads can be served at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, and cooling. Five prototype Japanese commercial buildings are examined and DER-CAM applied to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Based on the optimization results, energy and emission reductions are evaluated. Furthermore, a Japan-U.S. comparison study of policy, technology, and utility tariffs relevant to DER installation is presented. Significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbon emissions, and energy costs were seen in the DER-CAM results. Savings were most noticeable in the sports facility (a very favourable CHP site), followed by the hospital, hotel, and office building.

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida,Masaru

2005-05-25

8

10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

2012-01-01

9

10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

2010-01-01

10

10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

2013-01-01

11

10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

2014-01-01

12

10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

2011-01-01

13

Knowledge-Building Activity Structures in Japanese Elementary Science Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to refine Japanese elementary science activity structures by using a CSCL approach to transform the classroom into a knowledge-building community. We report design studies on two science lessons in two consecutive years and describe the progressive refinement of the activity structures. Through comparisons of student…

Oshima, Jun; Oshima, Ritsuko; Murayama, Isao; Inagaki, Shigenori; Takenaka, Makiko; Yamamoto, Tomokazu; Yamaguchi, Etsuji; Nakayama, Hayashi

2006-01-01

14

Building a Prototype Text to Speech for Sanskrit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes about the work done in building a prototype text to speech system for Sanskrit. A basic prototype text-to-speech is built using a simplified Sanskrit phone set, and employing a unit selection technique, where prerecorded sub-word units are concatenated to synthesize a sentence. We also discuss the issues involved in building a full-fledged text-to-speech for Sanskrit.

Mahananda, Baiju; Raju, C. M. S.; Patil, Ramalinga Reddy; Jha, Narayana; Varakhedi, Shrinivasa; Kishore, Prahallad

15

Enhancements to ASHRAE Standard 90.1 Prototype Building Models  

SciTech Connect

This report focuses on enhancements to prototype building models used to determine the energy impact of various versions of ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1. Since the last publication of the prototype building models, PNNL has made numerous enhancements to the original prototype models compliant with the 2004, 2007, and 2010 editions of Standard 90.1. Those enhancements are described here and were made for several reasons: (1) to change or improve prototype design assumptions; (2) to improve the simulation accuracy; (3) to improve the simulation infrastructure; and (4) to add additional detail to the models needed to capture certain energy impacts from Standard 90.1 improvements. These enhancements impact simulated prototype energy use, and consequently impact the savings estimated from edition to edition of Standard 90.1.

Goel, Supriya; Athalye, Rahul A.; Wang, Weimin; Zhang, Jian; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Xie, YuLong; Hart, Philip R.; Mendon, Vrushali V.

2014-04-16

16

Building for Social Translucence: A Domain Analysis and Prototype System  

E-print Network

a broader class of social translucence, and we illustrate its applicability with specific use casesBuilding for Social Translucence: A Domain Analysis and Prototype System David W. Mc are not always visible. Social translucence is a stance toward the design of systems that allows users to better

McDonald, David W.

17

Western and Japanese Discourse Style in a Consensus-Building Task Discussion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study analyzes discourse style differences between western and Japanese interlocutors in a group consensus-building task discussion. Four discussants (American male, Japanese male, German female and Japanese female) first created a ranking of 5 life values and then participated in a group discussion to arrive at a common group ranking.…

Hirabayashi, Haruma; Long, Christopher

2011-01-01

18

GAMMA: a fast prototype design, build, and test process  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an integrated computer-based process which implements an engineer's logic design into an assembled and tested printed circuit prototype module in a very short time frame. This time frame represents a significant improvement over traditional design, build, and test processes. Key innovations which made the dramatic time-to-market improvement possible include transition to a fully networked, paperless process, with

Louise T. Lemaire

1985-01-01

19

10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

2013-01-01

20

10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

2010-01-01

21

10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

2012-01-01

22

10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

2011-01-01

23

10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

2014-01-01

24

Mechanical characteristics of aged Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa Endl.) wood from Japanese historical buildings  

E-print Network

especially their Young's modulus and rapture energy. Besides, the paper deals with mechanical properties role in Japanese culture. More than 90% of buildings listed as a National property or a nationally

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

25

41. ARAIII Prototype assembly and evaluation building ARA630. West end ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

41. ARA-III Prototype assembly and evaluation building ARA-630. West end and south side of building. Camera facing northeast. Ineel photo no. 3-22. - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Army Reactors Experimental Area, Scoville, Butte County, ID

26

Procedural Modeling for Rapid-Prototyping of Multiple Building Phases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

RomeLab is a multidisciplinary working group at UCLA that uses the city of Rome as a laboratory for the exploration of research approaches and dissemination practices centered on the intersection of space and time in antiquity. In this paper we present a multiplatform workflow for the rapid-prototyping of historical cityscapes through the use of geographic information systems, procedural modeling, and interactive game development. Our workflow begins by aggregating archaeological data in a GIS database. Next, 3D building models are generated from the ArcMap shapefiles in Esri CityEngine using procedural modeling techniques. A GIS-based terrain model is also adjusted in CityEngine to fit the building elevations. Finally, the terrain and city models are combined in Unity, a game engine which we used to produce web-based interactive environments which are linked to the GIS data using keyhole markup language (KML). The goal of our workflow is to demonstrate that knowledge generated within a first-person virtual world experience can inform the evaluation of data derived from textual and archaeological sources, and vice versa.

Saldana, M.; Johanson, C.

2013-02-01

27

A prototype data archive for the PIER 'thermal distribution systems in commercial buildings' project  

SciTech Connect

A prototype archive for a selection of building energy data on thermal distribution systems in commercial buildings was developed and pilot tested. While the pilot demonstrated the successful development of the data archive prototype, several questions remain about the usefulness of such an archive. Specifically, questions on the audience, frequency of use, maintenance, and updating of the archive would need to be addressed before this prototype is taken to the next level.

Diamond, Rick C.; Wray, Craig P.; Smith, Brian V.; Dickerhoff, Darryl J.; Matson, Nance E.; Cox, Skylar A.

2004-01-01

28

Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report, Reference Volume 1: Building prototype analysis  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a detailed description of, and the baseline assumptions and simulation results for, the building prototype simulations conducted for the building types designated in the Work Plan for Demand-side Management Assessment of Hawaii`s Demand-Side Resources (HES-4, Phase 2). This report represents the second revision to the initial building prototype description report provided to DBEDT early in the project. Modifications and revisions to the prototypes, based on further calibration efforts and on comments received from DBEDT Staff have been incorporated into this final version. These baseline prototypes form the basis upon which the DSM measure impact estimates and the DSM measure data base were developed for this project. This report presents detailed information for each of the 17 different building prototypes developed for use with the DOE-21E program (23 buildings in total, including resorts and hotels defined separately for each island) to estimate the impact of the building technologies and measures included in this project. The remainder of this section presents some nomenclature and terminology utilized in the reports, tables, and data bases developed from this project to denote building type and vintage. Section 2 contains a more detailed discussion of the data sources, the definition of the residential sector building prototypes, and results of the DOE-2 analysis. Section 3 provides a similar discussion for the commercial sector. The prototype and baseline simulation results are presented in a separate section for each building type. Where possible, comparison of the baseline simulation results with benchmark data from the ENERGY 2020 model or other demand forecasting models specific to Hawaii is included for each building. Appendix A contains a detailed listing of the commercial sector baseline indoor lighting technologies included in the existing and new prototypes by building type.

NONE

1995-04-01

29

Design for Self Assembly of Building Components using Rapid Prototyping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design of assemblies will become an area of study when using rapid prototyping devices in the architectural design process becomes standard practice. This paper is a presentation of a design process study focused on understanding a method of working with rapid prototyping devices in a creative design process. This paper has an emphasis is on the creation of physically large

Larry Sass

30

Whole-building energy targets ``A`` prototype, initial version  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Whole-Building Energy Targets project, sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE), is developing a methodology for generating energy performance targets for commercial buildings. The methodology and implementing software have potential applications to energy standards and guidelines, advanced building design tools, energy retrofit analysis, demand-side management programs, and the planning and assessment of building energy research. Pacific Northwest Laboratory

1994-01-01

31

Community Building as an Instructional Goal in Japanese Adult Basic Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the results of a multisite case study of adult basic education in Japan. A key finding of the study is that as part of community building within classrooms, students, teachers, and administrators prioritize human relations and expressions of empathy rather than academic skill development. In contrast to Japanese educational…

Jacobson, Erik

2009-01-01

32

BUILDING CAD PROTOTYPING TOOL FOR EMERGING NANOSCALE FABRICS Catherine Dezan, Loic Lagadec  

E-print Network

BUILDING CAD PROTOTYPING TOOL FOR EMERGING NANOSCALE FABRICS Catherine Dezan, Loic Lagadec of CAD tools for nanofabrics involves new challenges not encountered with conventional CMOS technology. In this paper, we describe the design of a prototyping CAD tool targeting design automation of applications

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

33

42. ARAIII Prototype assembly and evaluation building ARA630 interior. Typical ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

42. ARA-III Prototype assembly and evaluation building ARA-630 interior. Typical view room partitions. Ineel photo no. 3-28. - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Army Reactors Experimental Area, Scoville, Butte County, ID

34

Determination of optimal build orientation for hybrid rapid-prototyping  

Microsoft Academic Search

To overcome the limitations of the layered manufacturing process, hybrid rapid-prototyping systems that allow material removal and deposition are being introduced. This approach should benefit from the advantages of conventional layered manufacturing and traditional CNC machining processes. To realize these advantages, however, an intelligent process plan must be generated. In the hybrid rapid-prototyping process, a part is decomposed into thick-layered

Zhu Hu; Kunwoo Lee; Junghoon Hur

2002-01-01

35

40. ARAIII Prototype assembly and evaluation building ARA630. East end ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

40. ARA-III Prototype assembly and evaluation building ARA-630. East end and south side of building. Camera facing west. Roof railing is part of demolition preparations. Building beyond ARA-622 is ARA-621. In left of view is reactor building. ARA-607 is low-roofed portion, while high-bay portion is ARA-608. Ineel photo no. 3-27. - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Army Reactors Experimental Area, Scoville, Butte County, ID

36

Optoelectronics-related competence building in Japanese and Western firms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, an analysis is made of how different firms in Japan and the West have developed competence related to optoelectronics on the basis of their previous experience and corporate strategies. The sample consists of a set of seven Japanese and four Western firms in the industrial, consumer electronics and materials sectors. Optoelectronics is divided into subfields including optical communications systems, optical fibers, optoelectronic key components, liquid crystal displays, optical disks, and others. The relative strengths and weaknesses of companies in the various subfields are determined using the INSPEC database, from 1976 to 1989. Parallel data are analyzed using OTAF U.S. patent statistics and the two sets of data are compared. The statistical analysis from the database is summarized for firms in each subfield in the form of an intra-firm technology index (IFTI), a new technique introduced to assess the revealed technology advantage of firms. The quantitative evaluation is complemented by results from intensive interviews with the management and scientists of the firms involved. The findings show that there is a marked variation in the way firms' technological trajectories have evolved giving rise to strength in some and weakness in other subfields for the different companies, which are related to their accumulated core competencies, previous core business activities, organizational, marketing, and competitive factors.

Miyazaki, Kumiko

1992-05-01

37

Building a Prototype of LHC Analysis Oriented Computing Centers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A Consortium between four LHC Computing Centers (Bari, Milano, Pisa and Trieste) has been formed in 2010 to prototype Analysis-oriented facilities for CMS data analysis, profiting from a grant from the Italian Ministry of Research. The Consortium aims to realize an ad-hoc infrastructure to ease the analysis activities on the huge data set collected at the LHC Collider. While “Tier2” Computing Centres, specialized in organized processing tasks like Monte Carlo simulation, are nowadays a well established concept, with years of running experience, site specialized towards end user chaotic analysis activities do not yet have a defacto standard implementation. In our effort, we focus on all the aspects that can make the analysis tasks easier for a physics user not expert in computing. On the storage side, we are experimenting on storage techniques allowing for remote data access and on storage optimization on the typical analysis access patterns. On the networking side, we are studying the differences between flat and tiered LAN architecture, also using virtual partitioning of the same physical networking for the different use patterns. Finally, on the user side, we are developing tools and instruments to allow for an exhaustive monitoring of their processes at the site, and for an efficient support system in case of problems. We will report about the results of the test executed on different subsystem and give a description of the layout of the infrastructure in place at the site participating to the consortium.

Bagliesi, G.; Boccali, T.; Della Ricca, G.; Donvito, G.; Paganoni, M.

2012-12-01

38

Binary Encoded-Prototype Tree for Probabilistic Model Building GP  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, program evolution algorithms based on the estimation of distribution algorithm (EDA) have been proposed to improve search ability of genetic programming (GP) and to overcome GP-hard problems. One such method is the probabilistic prototype tree (PPT) based algorithm. The PPT based method explores the optimal tree structure by using the full tree whose number of child nodes is maximum among possible trees. This algorithm, however, suffers from problems arising from function nodes having different number of child nodes. These function nodes cause intron nodes, which do not affect the fitness function. Moreover, the function nodes having many child nodes increase the search space and the number of samples necessary for properly constructing the probabilistic model. In order to solve this problem, we propose binary encoding for PPT. In this article, we convert each function node to a subtree of binary nodes where the converted tree is correct in grammar. Our method reduces ineffectual search space, and the binary encoded tree is able to express the same tree structures as the original method. The effectiveness of the proposed method is demonstrated through the use of two computational experiments.

Yanase, Toshihiko; Hasegawa, Yoshihiko; Iba, Hitoshi

39

Utilizing a Rapid Prototyping Approach in the Building of a Hypermedia-Based Reference Station.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the building of a hypermedia-based reference station at the Wright Laboratory Technical Library, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio. Following this, the paper focuses on an electronic user survey from which data is collected and analysis is made. The survey data is used in a rapid prototyping approach, which is defined as…

Sell, Dan

40

An Analysis of the DER Adoption Climate in Japan UsingOptimization Results for Prototype Buildings with U.S. Comparisons  

SciTech Connect

This research demonstrates economically optimal distributedenergy resource (DER) system choice using the DER choice and operationsoptimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer AdoptionModel (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds the optimal combination of installedequipment given prevailing utility tariffs and fuel prices, siteelectrical and thermal loads (including absorption cooling), and a menuof available equipment. It provides a global optimization, albeitidealized, that shows how site useful energy loads can be served atminimum cost. Five prototype Japanese commercial buildings are examinedand DER-CAM is applied to select the economically optimal DER system foreach. Based on the optimization results, energy and emission reductionsare evaluated. Significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbonemissions, and energy costs were seen in the DER-CAM results. Savingswere most noticeable in the prototype sports facility, followed by thehospital, hotel, and office building. Results show that DER with combinedheat and power equipment is a promising efficiency and carbon mitigationstrategy, but that precise system design is necessary. Furthermore, aJapan-U.S. comparison study of policy, technology, and utility tariffsrelevant to DER installation is presented.

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida,Masaru

2006-06-16

41

Building a prototype of a Martian base in Poland, an architectural design overview and progress report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This talk focuses on recent advances in the construction of a prototype 1000 m2 Martian out-post for 8 inhabitants. The architectural design for such a Martian base has been presented previously on COSPAR 2008, the presentation being entitled ,,Architectural design proposal for a Martian base to continue NASA Mars Design Reference Mission". The presentation was welcomed with warm interest by various institutions, some of which offered help in building a prototype such as providing the building site or funding. This year's oral presentation will focus on a progress report and will briefly describe the architectural design. The architectural design is inspired by terrestrial pneumatic architecture. It has small volume, can be easily transported and provides a large habitable space. An architectural solution analo-gous to a terrestrial house with a studio and a workshop was assumed. The spatial placement of the following zones was carefully considered: residential, agricultural and science, as well as garage and workshop. Further attention was paid to transportation routes and a control and communications center. The issues of a life support system, energy, food, water and waste recycling were also discussed. This Martian base was designed to be crewed by a team of eight people to stay on Mars for at least one and a half year. An Open Plan architectural solution was assumed, with a high level of modularity. Walls of standardized sizes with zip-fasteners allow free rearrangement of the interior to adapt to a new situation. The prototype of such a Polish-origin Martian outpost will be used in a manner similar to MDRS or FMARS but to a larger extent. The prototype's design itself will be tested and corrected to achieve a design which can be used on Mars. The procedure of unfolding the pneumatic modules and floor leveling will be tested. The 1000 m2 interior will be used for various simulation exercises: socio-psychological testing, interior arrangement experiments, agricultural simulations, growing plants in Martian conditions and other kinds of tests. The presented prototype focuses on the ergonomic and psychological aspects of longer stay in a Martian environment. It provides the Martian crew with a comfortable habitable space larger than DRM modules. The practical proposal is to send this base to Mars in a DRM transpor-tation module after prototype testing is completed. The author hopes that this or other similar Martian base designs will help in establishing a permanent presence of humans on Mars.

Kozicki, Janek

42

Measurements of radioactivity in Jamaican building materials and gamma dose equivalents in a prototype red mud house  

SciTech Connect

Concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th, and 40K measured in bauxite waste, local building materials, and soils are presented and used in model equations to estimate the effective gamma dose-equivalent increments over background in the center of a standard-sized room in a prototype house. Calculated and measured values compare reasonably well.

Pinnock, W.R. (Department of Chemistry, University of the West Indies, Kingston (Jamaica))

1991-11-01

43

The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (Japanese translation)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The August 2003 blackout of the northeastern U.S. and CANADA caused great economic losses and inconvenience to New York City and other affected areas. The blackout was a warning to the rest of the world that the ability of conventional power systems to meet growing electricity demand is questionable. Failure of large power systems can lead to serious emergencies. Introduction

Nan Zhou; Chris Marnay; Ryan Firestone; Weijun Gao; Masaru Nishida

2004-01-01

44

Sensitivity analysis of augmented reality-assisted building damage reconnaissance using virtual prototyping  

E-print Network

on the real structure using an AR algorithm, and the building edges are detected via a Line Segment Detection. The method identifies cor- ner locations in a damaged building by detecting the intersections between horizontal building baselines and vertical building edges. The horizontal baselines are superimposed

Kamat, Vineet R.

45

The Construction of Two Prototype Multi-Storey Air-Supported Buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

To treat a multi-storey building as a large, inflatable container forces the architect to consider design and construction criteria foreign to the building industry at large. While satisfactory progress has been made in the development of theoretical solutions for problems dealing with the structural and planning implications of a hyperbaric building environment, the time has come to consider practical issues.

Jens G. Pohl; James Montero

1973-01-01

46

Are Americans more successful at building intercultural relations than Japanese? A comparison and analysis of acculturation outcomes in Japan.  

PubMed

Various Western and Japanese sources in the literature have concluded that Japanese people, who live in a nation with comparatively less ethnocultural diversity than the U.S., lag behind Americans in their capabilities to develop positive intercultural relations. To test these assumptions, this study compared the quality of acculturation outcomes between Japanese and Americans in Japan. Japanese and American scores were calculated for five dependent measures used to operationalize quality of intercultural relations. Four dependent variables revealed no significant differences. For the variable of organizational investiture, Japanese had significantly higher scores, so data were analyzed to discern why. PMID:25674456

Komisarof, Adam

2014-01-01

47

SERVICE LEARNING: A Comparative Study on the Compression Strength Properties of 3D-Printed Rapid Prototyped Components Utilizing Various Manufacturing Build Parameters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industry relies upon rapidly produced structurally sound prototype components. 3D-printed rapid-prototyped components are easy to construct but are not widely accepted in industry as structurally sound viable alternatives to subtractive material machining methods. Through the statistical study of 3D-printed test cylinder specimens, greater understanding on the compressive strength properties of the technology was obtained by the effect of build orientation,

Donald W. Harby; Grant R. Townsend; Troy E. Ollison; Jeffrey M. Ulmer

48

A co-design prototyping approach for building a Precinct Planning Tool  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the world is becoming increasingly urbanized there is a need for more sustainability-oriented planning of our cities. Policy and decision-makers are interested in the use of evidenced based approaches and tools that will support collaborative planning. There are a number of tools in the domain of spatial planning and decision support systems that have been built over the last few decades but the uptake and use of these tools is somewhat limited. In the context of Australia there is significant urban growth occurring across the major cities and a need to provision planners and developers with precinct planning tools to assist in managing infill and the densification of the existing urban fabric in a carbon constrained economy. In this paper we describe the development of a new precinct planning tool known as the Envision Scenario Planner (ESP), which is being applied initially in two cities, Melbourne and Perth to assist in the urban design and planning of Greyfield sites. To set the scene in this paper we firstly provide a brief review of the existing state of play of visualization and modelling tools available to urban planners in Australia. The focus on the paper will be to introduce an iterative co-design prototyping approach for developing a best practice precinct planning support tool (ESP) from an earlier tool known as ENVISION. The first step of the approach is an exposure workshop with experts to refine the proposed tool workflow and its functionality. Subsequent iterations of the prototype are then exposed to larger audiences for validation and testing. In this paper we will describe the process and the preliminary findings in implementing the first phase of this iterative co-design prototype approach.

Pettit, C. J.; Glackin, S.; Trubka, R.; Ngo, T.; Lade, O.; Newton, P.; Newman, P.

2014-11-01

49

Building and Calibration of a FAST Model of the SWAY Prototype Floating Wind Turbine: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Present efforts to verify and validate aero-hydro-servo-elastic numerical simulation tools that predict the dynamic response of a floating offshore wind turbine are primarily limited to code-to-code comparisons or code-to-data comparisons using data from wind-wave basin tests. In partnership with SWAY AS, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) installed scientific wind, wave, and motion measurement equipment on the 1/6.5th-scale prototype SWAY floating wind system to collect data to validate a FAST model of the SWAY design in an open-water condition. Nanyang Technological University (NTU), through a collaboration with NREL, assisted in this validation.

Koh, J. H.; Robertson, A.; Jonkman, J.; Driscoll, F.; Ng, E. Y. K.

2013-09-01

50

Estimates of Embodied Global Energy and Air-Emission Intensities of Japanese Products for Building a Japanese Input–Output Life Cycle Assessment Database with a Global System Boundary  

PubMed Central

To build a life cycle assessment (LCA) database of Japanese products embracing their global supply chains in a manner requiring lower time and labor burdens, this study estimates the intensity of embodied global environmental burden for commodities produced in Japan. The intensity of embodied global environmental burden is a measure of the environmental burden generated globally by unit production of the commodity and can be used as life cycle inventory data in LCA. The calculation employs an input–output LCA method with a global link input–output model that defines a global system boundary grounded in a simplified multiregional input–output framework. As results, the intensities of embodied global environmental burden for 406 Japanese commodities are determined in terms of energy consumption, greenhouse-gas emissions (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, perfluorocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons, sulfur hexafluoride, and their summation), and air-pollutant emissions (nitrogen oxide and sulfur oxide). The uncertainties in the intensities of embodied global environmental burden attributable to the simplified structure of the global link input–output model are quantified using Monte Carlo simulation. In addition, by analyzing the structure of the embodied global greenhouse-gas intensities we characterize Japanese commodities in the context of LCA embracing global supply chains. PMID:22881452

2012-01-01

51

Japanese; Japanese Songs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This supplementary textbook for students of Japanese presents a collection of 43 songs--folk songs, nursery songs, lullabies, love songs, wedding songs, graduation songs, the national anthem, drinking songs, school songs, and Christmas carols. With the exception of the carols, the musical scores are presented with their Japanese lyrics. The…

Defense Language Inst., Washington, DC.

52

Developing a Philippine Cancer Grid. Part 1: Building a Prototype for a Data Retrieval System for Breast Cancer Research Using Medical Ontologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the Philippines. Developed within the context of a Philippine Cancer Grid, the present study used web development technologies such as PHP, MySQL, and Apache server to build a prototype data retrieval system for breast cancer research that incorporates medical ontologies from the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS).

Coronel, Andrei D.; Saldana, Rafael P.

53

The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (English Version)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The August 2003 blackout of the northeastern U.S. and CANADA caused great economic losses and inconvenience to New York City and other affected areas. The blackout was a warning to the rest of the world that the ability of conventional power systems to meet growing electricity demand is questionable. Failure of large power systems can lead to serious emergencies. Introduction

Nan Zhou; Chris Marnay; Ryan Firestone; Weijun Gao; Masaru Nishida

2004-01-01

54

Closed Quarter Aerial Robot Prototype to Fly In and Around Buildings Paul Y. Oh, William E. Green and Geoffrey Barrows  

E-print Network

-and- rescue and reconnaissance with aerial robots could save resources. This paper describes a prototype for such missions has been attempted for decades with marginal success [7]. Recent experiences at the World Trade], are even more difficult to fly than conventional model helicopters. These aircraft are in- herently

Oh, Paul

55

The Influence of Situational Prototypes on Dimensions of Intercultural Communication Competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the influence of situational prototypes on three dimensions of American subjects' intercultural communication competence: (a) understanding of Japanese rules of behaving in specific situations, (b) understanding of Japanese culture in general, and (c) affect toward Japanese culture. In the study, 44 interaction scenarios were constructed involving some misunderstanding between a Japanese and an American regarding the communication

Mitchell R. Hammer; Hiroko Nishida; Richard L. Wiseman

1996-01-01

56

Structured prototyping as risk management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A methodology is presented for integrating the systems-engineering management recommendation of prototyping into the traditional project-management process for developing large-scale systems. The suggested methodology begins with the identification of life-cycle risk areas, outlines the structure and conduct of the prototyping process, and defines the composition of the prototyping team. The methodology includes a step-by-step procedure for creating, executing, and documenting a prototyping test plan to evaluate design alternatives. It is argued that managers who adopt this methodology and apply it rigorously will increase the likelihood that the systems they build will be operationally effective and will be accepted by the intended users.

Hornstein, Rhoda SH.; Gardner, J. A.; Willoughby, J. K.

1991-01-01

57

Rapid Prototyping Home Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource provides the latest developments in the fast paced field of rapid prototyping. What is rapid prototyping? Rapid prototyping takes virtual designs from computer aided design (CAD) or animation modeling software, transforms them into thin, virtual, horizontal cross-sections and then creates each cross-section in physical space, one after the next until the model is finished. It is a "WYSIWYG" process where the virtual model and the physical model correspond almost identically. With additive fabrication, the machine reads in data from a CAD drawing and lays down successive layers of liquid, powder, or sheet material, and in this way builds up the model from a series of cross sections. These layers, which correspond to the virtual cross section from the CAD model, are joined together or fused automatically to create the final shape. The primary advantage to additive fabrication is its ability to create almost any shape or geometric feature. This site has a great list of links.

58

Intelligent humanoid robot with japanese Wikipedia ontology and robot action ontology  

Microsoft Academic Search

WioNA (Wikipedia Ontology NAo) is proposed to build much better HRI by integrating four elements: Japanese speech interface, semantic interpretation, Japanese Wikipedia Ontology and Robot Action Ontology. WioNA is implemented on a humanoid robot \\

Shotaro Kobayashi; Susumu Tamagawa; Takeshi Morita; Takahira Yamaguchi

2011-01-01

59

Advances in rapid prototyping  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in stereolithography and selective laser sintering have had a significant impact on the overall quality of parts produced using these rapid prototyping processes. The development and implementation of 3D System`s QuickCast{trademark} resin and software for building investment casting patterns have proven to be major steps toward fabricating highly accurate patterns with very good surface finishes. Sandia uses patterns generated from rapid prototyping processes to reduce the cycle time and cost of fabricating prototype parts in support of a Sandia National Laboratories managed program called FASTCAST. As participants in the Beta test program for QuickCast{trademark} resin and software, they experienced a steep learning curve and were able to build accurate parts in a short period of time. It is now possible, using this technology, to produce highly accurate prototype parts as well as acceptable firs article and small lots size production parts. They use the Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) process to fabricate prototype wax patterns for investment casting. DTM Corporation recently introduced the use of their polycarbonate material for fabricating investment casting patterns. The polycarbonate material is processed significantly faster, with improved strength, dimensional stability, and without a support structure during the build process. Sandia is currently changing from investment casting wax to polycarbonate for the fabrication of investment casting patterns using the SLS process. This presentation will focus on the successes with these new materials from the standpoints of application, accuracy, surface finish, and post processing. Also presented will be examples of parts manufactured by these processes.

Atwood, C.L.; McCarty, G.D.; Pardo, B.T.; Bryce, E.A.

1993-12-31

60

Japanese encephalitis  

PubMed Central

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is an infectious disease of the central nervous system caused by Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), a zoonotic mosquito-borne flavivirus. JEV is prevalent in much of Asia and the Western Pacific, with over 4 billion people living at risk of infection. In the absence of antiviral intervention, vaccination is the only strategy to develop long-term sustainable protection against JEV infection. Over the past half-century, a mouse brain-derived inactivated vaccine has been used internationally for active immunization. To date, however, JEV is still a clinically important, emerging, and re-emerging human pathogen of global significance. In recent years, production of the mouse brain-derived vaccine has been discontinued, but 3 new cell culture-derived vaccines are available in various parts of the world. Here we review current aspects of JEV biology, summarize the 4 types of JEV vaccine, and discuss the potential of an infectious JEV cDNA technology for future vaccine development. PMID:24161909

Yun, Sang-Im; Lee, Young-Min

2014-01-01

61

Prototype to Test WHY prototype to test  

E-print Network

Prototype to Test METHOD WHY prototype to test HOW to prototype to test Prototyping to test or design space. The fundamental way you test your prototypes is by letting users experience them and react to them. In creating prototypes to test with users you have the opportunity to examine your solution

Prinz, Friedrich B.

62

Full scale prototype laboratory for architecture students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Innovation in prefabrication with new technologies in product development of building components together with the important role materialization is playing in the education of architectural engineers and building technology designers are the main motifs for full scale material prototyping in the Master track of Architectural Engineer and the Master track Building Technology at the Technical University Delft faculty of Architecture.

A. C. J. M. Eekhout; P. M. J. Van Swieten

2011-01-01

63

Electronic prototyping  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The potential benefits of automation in space are significant. The science base needed to support this automation not only will help control costs and reduce lead-time in the earth-based design and construction of space stations, but also will advance the nation's capability for computer design, simulation, testing, and debugging of sophisticated objects electronically. Progress in automation will require the ability to electronically represent, reason about, and manipulate objects. Discussed here is the development of representations, languages, editors, and model-driven simulation systems to support electronic prototyping. In particular, it identifies areas where basic research is needed before further progress can be made.

Hopcroft, J.

1987-01-01

64

Weighting Factors for the Commercial Building Prototypes Used in the Development of ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2010  

SciTech Connect

Detailed construction data from the McGraw Hill Construction Database was used to develop construction weights by climate zones for use with DOE Benchmark Buildings and for the ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 development. These construction weights were applied to energy savings estimates from simulation of the benchmark buildings to establish weighted national energy savings.

Jarnagin, Ronald E.; Bandyopadhyay, Gopal K.

2010-01-21

65

Japanese Radio Exercises. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit focuses on Japanese radio exercises which became popular in Japan just after World War II and are still used among students and workers in companies to help raise morale and form group unity. The exercises reflect the general role of exercise in Japanese culture--to serve as a symbol of unity and cooperation among the Japanese, as well…

Young, Jocelyn

66

An analysis of early stage prototypes using implementation, look and feel, and role  

E-print Network

Identifying the purpose of a prototype is central to making informed decisions about the kind of prototype to build. Houde and Hill (1997) propose a model for classifying prototypes according to their purpose and the design ...

Hernley, Lauren R. (Lauren Renee)

2011-01-01

67

Summary Scientific Performance of EUCLID Detector Prototypes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) plan to partner to build the EUCLID mission. EUCLID is a mission concept for studying the Dark Energy that is hypothesized to account for the accelerating cosmic expansion. For the past year, NASA has been building detector prototypes at Teledyne Imaging Sensors. This talk will summarize the measured scientific performance of these detector prototypes for astrophysical and cosmological applications.

Rauscher, Bernard J.

2011-01-01

68

The Student of Japanese History Vs. the Japanese Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students of Japanese history (graduate students with language competence seeking a career in Japanese studies, undergraduates studying the Japanese language, and non-linguist undergraduates and graduate students studying Japanese history for a variety of reasons) have to deal with the Japanese language in different ways. They should all, however,…

Buck, James H.

69

Sociocultural dilemma of Japanese steeplejacks.  

PubMed

Japanese steeplejacks are good at working in high places as construction workers, and they have been called tobi for a longtime. They now play an important role in completing modern civil engineering projects and in the construction of high-rise buildings; however, their lifestyle is considered by most to be quaint but outdated. Originally, they were unskilled workmen at construction sites. In the 18th century, they were engaged in repairing houses or setting up scaffolding, helping carpenters, but they worked as firefighters whenever fires broke out. Their traditional work system did not change throughout the Meiji era, although Japanese society became greatly modernized. After World War II, the industrialization of Japanese society required highly developed technology in civil engineering and architecture. This provided an opportunity for them to establish their positions as trained professional workers. However, the number of skilled tobi professionals has continued to decrease because the younger generation does not consider this profession desirable career. Improving not only the professional skills but also the way of living to the extent as a modern high-tech society demands will be the key for the tobi's work system to become attractive. PMID:11116667

Iwata, H

1997-12-01

70

Design Step 5: Construct a Prototype  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn about the manufacturing phase of the engineering design process. They start by building prototypes, which is a special type of model used to test new design ideas. Students gain experience using a variety of simple building materials, such as foam core board, balsa wood, cardstock and hot glue. They present their prototypes to the class for user testing and create prototype iterations based on feedback. (Note: Conduct this activity in the context of a design project that students are working on; this activity is Step 5 in a series of six that guide students through the engineering design loop.)

Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,

71

a Refining Method for Building Object Aggregation and Footprint Modelling Using Multi-Source Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Automatically detection, extraction and re-construction of 3D building modelling are difficult yet potentially high-payoff challenges for photogrammetric applications. Solution usually requires integrating various sources, including LIDAR, imagery, and digital surface models (DSM). However, highly automated and robust geometric modelling remains unsolved. We will present a 2D modelling technique which represents a building's outline in an as-is way. It gives visually accurate corners and lines for buildings. Aerial remotely sensed imagery and a DSM are used to detect and segment building masks. A refining footprint modelling is implemented through line modelling, edge refining, and segment merging and generating. A district grouping based main orientation algorithm is proposed. This approach has the ability of successive improvement, moving from a prototype to a subtle end product. Experiments with Japanese data show that the models generated automatically fit the manual models very well.

Li, Y.; Zhu, L.; Shimamura, H.; Tachibana, K.

2012-07-01

72

The Japanese American Story.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a view of the Japanese American experience from the time of their immigration to this country in the 1800s to their acculturation into American society in the 1970s. Topics dealt with include the prejudice and mistrust experienced by the Japanese immigrants in this country, particularly their evacuation and internment in…

Fukei, Budd

73

Japanese Elementary School Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the development of Japanese elementary education in the context of three periods of its history. Considers salient characteristics of Japanese elementary schools and teaching procedures; these include curriculum; social and moral education; classroom environment; teachers; afterschool classes; college entrance examinations; the kyoiku…

Stevenson, Harold W.

1991-01-01

74

Japanese Balloon Activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japanese permanent balloon base, Sanriku Balloon Center (SBC) established in 1971, was closed last year. From 2008, Japanese stratospheric balloons will be operated at Taiki-town, Hokkaido. New balloon facility will be available by the end of March, 2008. After check out of new launcher, so-called \\

Tetsuya Yoshida

2008-01-01

75

A Japanese Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a view of Japanese education based on the experiences and observations of an American educator. Explains cultural contrasts, educational aspects and model, and the question of discipline. A Japanese educator responds with a personal view on educational equality in ability. (RT)

DeVito, Alfred; Ogawa, Masakata

1989-01-01

76

JAPANESE KNOTWEED OPERATIONAL PROCEDURE  

E-print Network

(WCA 1981) states that "if any person plants or otherwise causes to grow in the wild any plant which of the plants listed in the Schedule. Anyone convicted of an offence under Section 14 of the WCA 1981 may face of Japanese Knotweed is restricted with concrete containment. 2. The soil contaminated with Japanese knotweed

Harman, Neal.A.

77

The Japanese containerless experiments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

There are three sets of Japanese containerless experiments. The first is Drop dynamics research. It consists of acoustic levitation and large amplitude drop oscillation. The second is Optical materials processing in an acoustic levitation furnace. And the third is Electrostatic levitator development by two different Japanese companies.

Azuma, Hisao

1990-01-01

78

Japanese Economy Rallies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On Tuesday, March 20, 2001, Tokyo share prices rallied due to rumors that the Bank of Japan may try to boost the economy by buying stocks. By Wednesday morning, the Nikkei 225 index surged 7.5 percent after the Japanese yen had hit a 22-month low of 123.5 yen per dollar earlier this week. The national banks have been saddled with massive debts, estimated at 64 trillion yen or $521 billion and have been researching ways to revive their economy. According to Japanese economic ministers, the Japanese government will have a plan for dealing with the national banks' debt within the next six months. The Japanese government's new plan of investing into its banking system worries some US government officials who fear that the falling price of the yen will make Japanese imports cheaper and, therefore, more competitive with products made in the US.

Missner, Emily D.

79

Rapid prototyping applications for manufacturing  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in stereolithography and selective laser sintering have had a significant impact on the overall quality of parts produced using these rapid prototyping processes. The development and implementation of 3D System`s QuickCast{sup TM} resin and software for building investment casting patterns have proven to be major steps toward fabricating highly accurate patterns with very good surface finishes. As participants in the Beta test program for QuickCast{sup TM} resin and software, we experienced a steep learning curve and were able to build accurate parts in a short period of time. It is now possible using this technology to produce highly accurate prototype parts as well as acceptable first article and small lot size production parts. We use the Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) process to fabricate prototype wax patterns for investment casting. DTM Corporation recently introduced the use of their polycarbonate material for fabricating investment casting patterns. The polycarbonate material is processed significantly faster with improved strength, dimensional stability, and without a support structure during the build process. Sandia is currently changing from investment casting wax to polycarbonate for the fabrication of investment casting patterns using the SLS process. This report will focus on our successes with these new materials from the standpoints of application, accuracy, surface finish, and post processing. Also presented will be examples of parts manufactured by these processes. 6 refs., 10 figs.

Atwood, C.L.; Maguire, M.C.; Pardo, B.T.; Bryce, E.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1996-01-01

80

Learning a Large Scale of Ontology from Japanese Wikipedia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Here is discussed how to learn a large scale of ontology from Japanese Wikipedia. The learned ontology includes the following properties: rdfs:subClassOf (IS-A relationship), rdf:type (class-instance relationship), owl:Object/DatatypeProperty (Infobox triple), rdfs:domain (property domain), and skos:altLabel (synonym). Experimental case studies show us that the learned Japanese Wikipedia Ontology goes better than already existing general linguistic ontologies, such as EDR and Japanese WordNet, from the points of building costs and structure information richness.

Tamagawa, Susumu; Sakurai, Shinya; Tejima, Takuya; Morita, Takeshi; Izumi, Noriaki; Yamaguchi, Takahira

81

U.S. Participation in the Extreme Universe Space Observatory on the Japanese Experiment Module  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is the lead Institution proposal submitted by the University of Chicago (Angela Olinto, PI) for the U.S. Participation in the Extreme Universe Space Observatory on the Japanese Experiment Module. We propose to discover the origin of extreme energy cosmic rays, those with energies in excess of 60 EeV, produced by the most powerful cosmic accelerators in the universe. We will use the Extreme-Universe Space Observatory (EUSO) instrument, which is to be attached to the Japanese Experiment Module (JEM) on the International Space Station (ISS). JEM-EUSO is being developed by an international collaboration for launch on the Japanese H2 Transfer Vehicle in 2017. This proposal is for the US contribution to the mission which consists of monitoring and calibration with a Global Light System (GLS) of lasers and xenon light sources, data acquisition and analysis software, data archiving, and science results for the first year of the mission. We also propose that NASA make a contribution to the upmass needed to launch JEM-EUSO and attachment point resources. The GLS for JEM-EUSO will be located at 12 sites around the world, supplemented with an aircraft system. The calibrated UV lasers and Xenon flash lamps will generate calibrated optical signatures in the atmosphere within the field of view of JEM-EUSO with similar characteristics to the optical signals of cosmic ray extensive air showers. Throughout its pioneering mission, JEM-EUSO will reconstruct the pointing directions of the lasers and the energy of the lasers and flash lamps to monitor the detector s triggers, and accuracy of energy and direction reconstruction. These are the critical parameters for identifying the sources of the highest energy cosmic rays and for evaluating the scientific performance of this pioneering instrument. Starting in 2014, a prototype of the JEM-EUSO instrument will be flown on a balloon to test its design. We propose to build prototypes of the GLS and use them to test and calibrate the balloon-borne prototype, named EUSO-Balloon, during its flights.

Wiencke, Lawrence

82

Rapid prototype and test  

SciTech Connect

In order to support advanced manufacturing, Sandia has acquired the capability to produce plastic prototypes using stereolithography. Currently, these prototypes are used mainly to verify part geometry and ``fit and form`` checks. This project investigates methods for rapidly testing these plastic prototypes, and inferring from prototype test data actual metal part performance and behavior. Performances examined include static load/stress response, and structural dynamic (modal) and vibration behavior. The integration of advanced non-contacting measurement techniques including scanning laser velocimetry, laser holography, and thermoelasticity into testing of these prototypes is described. Photoelastic properties of the epoxy prototypes to reveal full field stress/strain fields are also explored.

Gregory, D.L.; Hansche, B.D.

1996-06-01

83

Construction aspects of intelligent buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design issues for intelligent buildings are examined from the viewpoint of the Japanese construction industry. Cultural considerations for such buildings are discussed, with emphasis on the creation of amenities for the human occupants of the building. The need for an infrastructure that is adaptable to future needs is stressed. As an example, a recently built office tower is described

S. Fujie; Y. Mikami

1991-01-01

84

Super Hero, Japanese Style  

E-print Network

Broadcast Transcript: Super Sentai is a long-running Japanese TV series about regular humans who destroy bad guys using nothing but their color-coded uniforms, excellent martial arts skills and, you know, totally advanced weapons and gigantic...

Hacker, Randi

2013-10-02

85

PROTOTYPE COMPETITION -The Competition  

E-print Network

ESCALADE PROTOTYPE COMPETITION - #12;The Competition Hi Everyone - My name is Yekutiel Sherman and I would like to invite you to join the Escalade Prototype Competition which is open to all started . The deadline for the Escalade Prototype Competition is 31st December 2012. http

Dov, Avigad

86

Prototyping the PANDA Barrel DIRC  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The design of the Barrel DIRC detector for the future PANDA experiment at FAIR contains several important improvements compared to the successful BABAR DIRC, such as focusing and fast timing. To test those improvements as well as other design options a prototype was build and successfully tested in 2012 with particle beams at CERN. The prototype comprises a radiator bar, focusing lens, mirror, and a prism shaped expansion volume made of synthetic fused silica. An array of micro-channel plate photomultiplier tubes measures the location and arrival time of the Cherenkov photons with sub-nanosecond resolution. The development of a fast reconstruction algorithm allowed to tune construction details of the detector setup with test beam data and Monte-Carlo simulations.

Schwarz, C.; Kalicy, G.; Dzhygadlo, R.; Gerhardt, A.; Götzen, K.; Hohler, R.; Kumawat, H.; Lehmann, D.; Lewandowski, B.; Patsyuk, M.; Peters, K.; Schepers, G.; Schmitt, L.; Schwiening, J.; Traxler, M.; Zühlsdorf, M.; Dodokhov, V. Kh.; Britting, A.; Eyrich, W.; Lehmann, A.; Uhlig, F.; Düren, M.; Föhl, K.; Hayrapetyan, A.; Kröck, B.; Merle, O.; Rieke, J.; Cowie, E.; Keri, T.; Montgomery, R.; Rosner, G.; Achenbach, P.; Cardinali, M.; Hoek, M.; Lauth, W.; Sfienti, C.; Thiel, M.; Bühler, P.; Gruber, L.; Marton, J.; Suzuki, K.

2014-12-01

87

Rapid prototyping of rapid prototyping machines  

E-print Network

Rapid prototyping tools empower individuals to create almost anything. Unfortunately, these tools are still far too expensive for personal ownership. The do-it-yourself community has responded with a slew of home-made rapid ...

Moyer, Ilan Ellison

2008-01-01

88

NATIONAl CHARACTER STUDIES OF JAPANESE  

E-print Network

In this paper, I suggest that the national character studies of Japanese have largely been focused on cultural explanations. Thus, they share the weaknesses attributed to this approach. After a review of the literature on Japanese national character...

Kato, Ryoko

1988-01-01

89

Technological Diversification of Japanese Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an approach for measuring industrial technological diversification behavior. Identifies sectoral patterns of Japanese industry as related to diversification behaviors. Delineates the mechanisms and effectiveness of Japanese corporate and government policies relevant to diversification. (ML)

Kodama, Fumio

1986-01-01

90

UCSF Japanese Prints Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California at San Francisco has spent thirty years cultivating its collection of Japanese woodblock prints, and it has become an important part of the Library's East Asian Collection. The collection of 400 digitized prints concern Japanese health-related topics from the mid-19th century, and portray the gradual acceptance of Western medicine. Visitors can view the collection by theme or perform a search to find something more specific. The themes include "Contagious Diseases", which focuses on smallpox, measles and cholera, "Foreigners and Disease", which highlights the Japanese belief that foreigners carried diseases to Japan, and "Drug Advertisements". The "Drug Advertisements" are quite possibly the most beautiful drug ads in existence, and they feature elaborate images of drugs slaying disease, kabuki actors promoting a show sponsored by a children's medicine, Kindoru powder, and a detailed rendering of the interior of a drugstore, printed on a fan that was given out as a promotional item to advertise the business.

91

Japanese Ant Image Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 2003 revised edition of the Japanese Ant Image Database was developed under the direction of the Japanese Ant Database Group (JADG). The website, which merges taxonomic information and stunning photographs, will no doubt delight myrmecologists and others. Information about different types of ants can be accessed through browseable, hyperlinked lists organized by subfamily, genus, and species. Genus and species profiles include images, references, descriptive information, simple distribution maps, and more. The site includes a Japanese Ant Image Library with hundreds of quality images, and a smaller SEM Image Library as well. The site also offers sections with Type Specimens and Taxonomic Keys. Please note that the site has not been updated since 2003; there are future plans to revisit the project when updates and corrections become necessary.

92

Foreign Fishery Developments Japanese Joint  

E-print Network

the Japanese investment of $98.2 million (66.9 percent). In 1981, the capital value of these joint ven- tures in Central and South America was $51.5 million, which is 73 percent more than in 1980. The Japanese in of joint ven- tures with Japanese participation in Asia and Oceania was $55.9 million, which is 13 percent

93

Japanese robotics – where to go?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Aims to make an appeal to Japanese robotic community in an attempt to keep global competitivity for the future. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Clarifies the cost structure of the robotic business. Analyses the needs of Japanese society. Leads to suggest the new direction of Japanese robotics. Findings – Specific target robots for the future are suggested. Originality\\/value – The new

Yoshihiro Kusuda

2005-01-01

94

Cultural Competence in Business Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cultural competence in business Japanese requires more than superficial knowledge of business etiquette. One must truly understand why Japanese people think and act differently from their American counterparts. For example, instruction in the use of Japanese taxis must be accompanied by instruction in the concept and implications of seating order…

Koike, Shohei

95

A GLOSSARY OF JAPANESE NEOLOGISMS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS GLOSSARY COMPRISES A LIST OF USEFUL NEW WORDS AND PHRASES IN CURRENT USE NOT FOUND IN JAPANESE-ENGLISH DICTIONARIES, SPECIFICALLY KENKYUSHA'S NEW JAPANESE-ENGLISH DICTIONARY, 1954 EDITION, WHICH HAS SERVED AS THE MODEL IN MOST RESPECTS FOR THE FORMAT AND STYLE. ROMANIZATION OF THE ORTHOGRAPHY FOLLOWS A MODIFIED HEPBURN SYSTEM AND THE JAPANESE

BAILEY, DON C.

96

Surface roughness visualisation for rapid prototyping models  

Microsoft Academic Search

When considering the use of rapid prototyping (RP), there are many questions a designer might ask. One such question is “what build orientation should be used to minimise the adverse effects of surface roughness?” At present, this decision is often made in an intuitive way or sometimes overlooked completely. This paper describes a methodology and software implementation that provides the

R. I. Campbell; M. Martorelli; H. S. Lee

2002-01-01

97

Utilizing Rapid Prototyping for Architectural Modeling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper will discuss our approach to, success with and future direction in rapid prototyping for architectural modeling. The premise that this emerging technology has broad and exciting applications in the building design and construction industry will be supported by visual and physical evidence. This evidence will be presented in the form of…

Kirton, E. F.; Lavoie, S. D.

2006-01-01

98

ReMail: a reinvented email prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Collaborative User Experience Research group has been investigating how people use email and how we might design and build a better email system. In this demonstration, we will show a prototype email client developed as part of a larger project on \\

Steven L. Rohall; Dan Gruen; Paul Moody; Martin Wattenberg; Mia Stern; Bernard Kerr; Bob Stachel; Kushal Dave; Robert Armes; Eric Wilcox

2004-01-01

99

Review on CNC-Rapid Prototyping  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article reviewed developments of Computerized Numerical Control (CNC) technology in rapid prototyping process. Rapid prototyping (RP) can be classified into three major groups; subtractive, additive and virtual. CNC rapid prototyping is grouped under the subtractive category which involves material removal from the workpiece that is larger than the final part. Richard Wysk established the use of CNC machines for rapid prototyping using sets of 2½-D tool paths from various orientations about a rotary axis to machine parts without refixturing. Since then, there are few developments on this process mainly aimed to optimized the operation and increase the process capabilities to stand equal with common additive type of RP. These developments include the integration between machining and deposition process (hybrid RP), adoption of RP to the conventional machine and optimization of the CNC rapid prototyping process based on controlled parameters. The article ended by concluding that the CNC rapid prototyping research area has a vast space for improvement as in the conventional machining processes. Further developments and findings will enhance the usage of this method and minimize the limitation of current approach in building a prototype.

Z, M. Nafis O.; Y, Nafrizuan M.; A, Munira M.; J, Kartina

2012-09-01

100

A VIRTUAL PROTOTYPING TECHNOLOGY FOR DESIGN OF PRESSING EQUIPMENT OF  

E-print Network

, it had several characters as follows, simple machine, low cost, high productivity, it had great of dried tofu. 2. SYSTEM OF VIRTUAL PROTOTYPING It chooses Pro/E and ADAMS to build the research environment of virtual prototyping. In Mechanical/Pro modules, not only moving parts and sports relations can

101

Reconstruction of Japanese Vowels.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the relationship between linguistic reconstructions and their historical validity using the case of Old Japanese (8th century A.D.) vowels as an example. Reconstructions throughout the paper include only those cases in which the modern reflexes and phonological correspondences between two or more genetically related languages…

Aoki, Haruo

1972-01-01

102

Japanese Experiences: "Hentai" Narratives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For those acquainted with Japanese lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) issues, "Queer Voices from Japan" can be good reading. But with only 1 of its 22 chapters informative for researchers, those interested in LGBT youth studies will only indirectly gain insight into a non-Western perspective on youth and sexuality.

Kama, Amit

2011-01-01

103

Japanese Comics in Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

Translating manga, Japanese comics, into a European language, in this case German, involves even more complex translation decisions than translating comics from one European language into another. These decisions concern words as well as pictures. Manga are written back to front; the text in the speech balloons must be read top to bottom (in a vertical direction) and right to

Heike Elisabeth Jüngst

2004-01-01

104

Japanese Experiences: Hentai Narratives  

Microsoft Academic Search

For those acquainted with Japanese lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) issues, Queer Voices from Japan can be good reading. But with only 1 of its 22 chapters informative for researchers, those interested in LGBT youth studies will only indirectly gain insight into a non-Western perspective on youth and sexuality.

Amit Kama

2011-01-01

105

The Uniqueness of EFL Teachers: Perceptions of Japanese Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on the work of Borg (2006), this article reports on a study of Japanese English as a foreign language (EFL) learners' perceptions of some of the unique characteristics of EFL teachers that distinguish them from teachers of other subjects. The data were collected by means of a questionnaire to which 163 college-level EFL students in Japan…

Lee, Joseph J.

2010-01-01

106

PERTS: A Prototyping Environment for Real-Time Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

PERTS is a prototyping environment for real-time systems. It is being built incrementally and will contain basic building blocks of operating systems for time-critical applications, tools, and performance models for the analysis, evaluation and measurement of real-time systems and a simulation/emulation environment. It is designed to support the use and evaluation of new design approaches, experimentations with alternative system building blocks, and the analysis and performance profiling of prototype real-time systems.

Liu, Jane W. S.; Lin, Kwei-Jay; Liu, C. L.

1993-01-01

107

Development and Analysis of Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioner Prototype  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the design of a desiccant enhanced evaporative air conditioner (DEVAP AC) prototype and the testing to prove its performance. Previous numerical modeling and building energy simulations indicate a DEVAP AC can save significant energy compared to a conventional vapor compression AC (Kozubal et al. 2011). The purposes of this research were to build DEVAP prototypes, test them to validate the numerical model, and identify potential commercialization barriers.

Kozubal, E.; Woods, J.; Judkoff, R.

2012-04-01

108

Prototyping Prototypes as Assets not Toys  

E-print Network

and modify - Initial representation/user reaction - Elicit user modifications / suggestions #12;Computer Telephone Last Name: First Name: Phone: Place Call Help From Sketching Low Fidelity Prototypes #12;And: - Parallel to modeling the application domain, a temporary, executable system is developed - Covering several

Feitelson, Dror

109

JAPANESE (JAPN) (Department of East Asian Languages  

E-print Network

Japanese 101 (3)--Exploring Japanese Language and Society This course is an introduction to spoken Japanese cultural scenarios, media presentations, and film, stu- dents explore how language functions in contemporary Japanese society. This course is not a prerequisite for Japanese 111, nor does it allow a student

Dresden, Gregory

110

Japanese refrigerators field testing  

SciTech Connect

Residential refrigerators consume the equivalent of 1700 megawatts (MW) of baseload power in the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) service area. Japanese manufacturers have designed refrigerator units that appear more energy efficient than some currently available American models. This report summarizes preliminary findings from field testing of 12 refrigerators of Japanese manufacture to evaluate annual kilowatt hour (kWh) use during actual operation. The units have also undergone laboratory testing sponsored by BPA at ETL Testing Laboratories, Inc. in Cortland, New York. A final report of the project -- due at the end of 1989 -- will correlate in detail the results of field and laboratory tests in comparison to performance ratings determined by the manufacturer.

Lou, A.T.

1989-03-01

111

Japanese Refrigerators Field Testing.  

SciTech Connect

Residential refrigerators consume the equivalent of 1700 megawatts (MW) of baseload power in the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) service area. Japanese manufacturers have designed refrigerator units that appear more energy efficient than some currently available American models. This report summarizes preliminary findings from field testing of 12 refrigerators of Japanese manufacture to evaluate annual kilowatt hour (kWh) use during actual operation. The units have also undergone laboratory testing sponsored by BPA at ETL Testing Laboratories, Inc. in Cortland, New York. A final report of the project -- due at the end of 1989 -- will correlate in detail the results of field and laboratory tests in comparison to performance ratings determined by the manufacturer.

Lou, Albert T.

1989-03-01

112

Japanese international marketing strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last 30 years, Japan has come from a second-rate status to the world?s economic giant, leading the world in electronics, automobiles, steel, shipbuilding and virtually anything else to which she has set her mind. The Japanese aim was and still is to be world-class suppliers of the major high volume items in the largest international markets. This focus

Alain Genestre; Paul Herbig; Alan T. Shao

1995-01-01

113

Japanese supercomputer technology.  

PubMed

Under the auspices of the Ministry for International Trade and Industry the Japanese have launched a National Superspeed Computer Project intended to produce high-performance computers for scientific computation and a Fifth-Generation Computer Project intended to incorporate and exploit concepts of artificial intelligence. If these projects are successful, which appears likely, advanced economic and military research in the United States may become dependent on access to supercomputers of foreign manufacture. PMID:17802456

Buzbee, B L; Ewald, R H; Worlton, W J

1982-12-17

114

Health Information in Japanese (???): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... ??? (Japanese) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations GTT (Glucose Tolerance Test) GTT (????????) - ??? (Japanese) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations Two Reasons I Find Time to Prevent Diabetes: My Future and Theirs ??? (Japanese) PDF National ...

115

Build a Toy Workshop  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Working as if they are engineers who work for (the hypothetical) Build-a-Toy Workshop company, students apply their imaginations and the engineering design process to design and build prototype toys with moving parts. They set up electric circuits using batteries, wire and motors. They create plans for project material expenses to meet a budget.

2014-09-18

116

Physician's burning out and Human resource crisis in Japanese Hospital: Management for sustaining medical services in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human resource crises by collective retirement of hospital physicians are a critical issue in Japanese health care systems. System Dynamics modeling is a feasible way to understand these phenomena. Japanese health care system is confronted with not only exogenous environments but also endogenous feedbacks to build up the situation. Increasing busyness by physicians and risk of medical lawsuits and decreasing

Atsushi Koshio; Masanori Akiyama

117

The Influence of Situational Prototypes on Dimensions of Intercultural Communication Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the influence of situational prototypes on 3 dimensions of the intercultural communication competence of 1,002 American college students facing aspects of Japanese culture in 2 experiments and 44 scenarios. Overall, there were significant differences for each of the three measures of intercultural communication competence across the four…

Hammer, Mitchell R.; And Others

1996-01-01

118

Doshu Kanamaya: Contemporary Japanese Calligraphy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new online exhibition from the Huntington Archive (discussed in the June 30, 1998 Scout Report for Social Sciences) highlights the work of renowned Japanese calligrapher, Doshu Kanayama. The exhibition includes an introduction to Japanese calligraphy and Kanayama, as well as a selection of twenty calligraphic paintings with short descriptions. Future plans for the site include a collection of essays.

119

Counseling Japanese Men on Fathering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors review an article (J. Yamamoto & F. Tagami, 2004) published in the "Japanese Journal of Counseling Science" that described changes in contemporary Japanese family structures and illustrated a therapy process with a father to enhance the father-son relationship. Implications for the counseling profession in working with men on…

Seto, Atsuko; Becker, Kent W.; Akutsu, Motoko

2006-01-01

120

Asian Pacific Perspectives: Japanese Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These instructional materials on Japanese Americans for elementary students were developed through the K.E.Y.S. project (Knowledge of English Yields Success). Information is included on early immigrants, their historical and cultural background, and current problems of Japanese Americans. Resource guides describe the purpose of the unit, how to…

Los Angeles Unified School District, CA.

121

Language Habits of the Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contrasts Japanese language habits with Western language habits, asserting that Japanese need to speak more concisely, express themselves clearly and frankly, and eliminate superfluous polite language and preliminaries in order to be successful in the efficiency-oriented civilization that is a product of Western culture. (RAE)

Kinosita, Koreo

1988-01-01

122

The Japanese Language: An Introduction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide provides an overview of the salient features of the Japanese language from the perspective of the beginning-level English-speaking learner. Chapters address these topics: the Japanese language and its historic and cultural setting; phonology (sounds and syllables, word accentuation; loanwords; connected speech); writing (scripts,…

Backhouse, A. E.

123

Issei: Japanese Immigrants in Hawaii.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Coming to Hawaii before July 1, 1924, when the Japanese Exclusion Act became effective, the experiences of the Issei or first generation are described. Divided into four parts, this book examines the experiences of Japanese immigrants in Hawaii from 1885 through 1970. Part 1, "The Formation and Stabilization of the Issei Community," explores the…

Kimura, Yukiko

124

Virtual Japanese Rhinoceros Beetle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a 3D virtual reality image of the "Japanese Rhinoceros Beetle," or Allomyrina dichotoma (family Scarabaeidae, subfamily Dynastinae). Menu tools can be used to rotate and/or zoom in on the image. The clarity of the image is excellent, but gets slightly blurry when fully zoomed. This is a high quality resource for teaching, especially for topics involving insect morphology. The Cornell University "Beetle Science" home page (http://www.explore.cornell.edu/scene.cfm?scene=Beetle%20Science) has many more excellent resources for teachers and students. QuickTime 5.0 is required to view it, which possibly could limit users with older or public computers.

0000-00-00

125

Predicting Japanese American drinking behavior.  

PubMed

Empirical data on Japanese American drinking behavior are scarce. The present study was a random sample (N = 295) of households in Los Angeles with Japanese surnames. Japanese Americans born in the United States tended to drink less than those born in Japan. The study also observed significant gender differences in Japanese American drinking behavior which were attributed to ascribed social roles. Other demographic and social determinants of drinking were examined through two logistic regression models. The first model predicted drinking (as opposed to abstaining), while the other distinguished heavy drinkers from those who drank alcohol in more moderate amounts. Potential reference groups (e.g., parents, friends, church groups, etc.) were often significant in predicting whether and how much a Japanese American drank. PMID:3384511

Kitano, H H; Lubben, J E; Chi, I

1988-04-01

126

Prototyping the Future  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Advanced Ceramics Research (ACR) of Tucson, Arizona, researches transforming scientific concepts into technological achievement. Through the SBIR (Small Business Innovative Research) program, ACR developed a high pressure and temperature fused deposition system, a prototyping system that is known as extrusion freeform fabrication. This system is useful in manufacturing prosthetics. ACR also developed a three-dimensional rapid prototyping process in which physical models are quickly created directly from computer generated models. Marshall Space Flight Center also contracted ACR to fabricate a set of ceramic engines to be appraised for a solar thermal rocket engine test program.

1998-01-01

127

Japanese (Japn) (Department of East Asian Languages  

E-print Network

activities. Staff. Spring Japanese 101 (3)--exploring Japanese Language and society This course to the three writing systems. Through cultural scenarios, media presentations, and film, stu- dents explore how language functions in contemporary Japanese society. This course is not a prerequisite for Japanese 111

Dresden, Gregory

128

Rapid Prototyping in PVS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

PVSio is a conservative extension to the PVS prelude library that provides basic input/output capabilities to the PVS ground evaluator. It supports rapid prototyping in PVS by enhancing the specification language with built-in constructs for string manipulation, floating point arithmetic, and input/output operations.

Munoz, Cesar A.; Butler, Ricky (Technical Monitor)

2003-01-01

129

Career Line Prototypes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reference volume on career lines provides two sets of information for 384 different occupations or jobs. Two discussions preface the prototypes: (1) illustration of a career line and elaboration on the concepts and (2) discussion of job and worker characteristics that provide detailed information about each occupational grouping examined. The…

Otto, Luther B.; And Others

130

Provider workstation (PWS) prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Provider Workstation prototype integrates current computer technologies into an innovative, image-based tool which improves health care. Storage of both structured patient encounter information and a paper medical record image provides a rich data base supporting managed care and creates a unique living laboratory for developing the computer-based patient record.

Hoffman, Peter F.; George, Larry; Berberich, George L.; Thompson, David A.; Dollar, Dennis M.

1996-02-01

131

Robot machines rapid prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the application of an industrial robot to the rapid prototyping of 3D CAD-defined products. Outlines the equipment and the major software issues of the fully automatic offline generation of the robot instructions. Presents performance, limitations and practical results.

Joris S. M. Vergeest; Johan W. H. Tangelder

1996-01-01

132

The prototypicality of gender  

Microsoft Academic Search

Femininity and masculinity, as abstract, nonbiological concepts, are very difficult to define. Culturally and socially induced, they are subject to drastic change over time. This article presents prototypical notions of feminine and masculine, as they appeared from a categorisation test performed by Dutch students. The interdisciplinary combination of feminist theory and cognitive linguistics enabled a consideration of various interrelated questions,

Irene Visser

1996-01-01

133

A prototype electronic encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a prototype electronic encyclopedia implemented on a powerful personal computer, in which user interface, media presentation, and knowledge representation techniques are applied to improving access to a knowledge resource. In itself, an electronic encyclopedia is an important information resource, but this work also illustrates the issues and approaches for many types of electronic information retrieval environments. In the

Stephen A. Weyer; Alan H. Borning

1985-01-01

134

Prompt and Precise Prototyping  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

For Sanders Design International, Inc., of Wilton, New Hampshire, every passing second between the concept and realization of a product is essential to succeed in the rapid prototyping industry where amongst heavy competition, faster time-to-market means more business. To separate itself from its rivals, Sanders Design aligned with NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center to develop what it considers to be the most accurate rapid prototyping machine for fabrication of extremely precise tooling prototypes. The company's Rapid ToolMaker System has revolutionized production of high quality, small-to-medium sized prototype patterns and tooling molds with an exactness that surpasses that of computer numerically-controlled (CNC) machining devices. Created with funding and support from Marshall under a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract, the Rapid ToolMaker is a dual-use technology with applications in both commercial and military aerospace fields. The advanced technology provides cost savings in the design and manufacturing of automotive, electronic, and medical parts, as well as in other areas of consumer interest, such as jewelry and toys. For aerospace applications, the Rapid ToolMaker enables fabrication of high-quality turbine and compressor blades for jet engines on unmanned air vehicles, aircraft, and missiles.

2003-01-01

135

Prototype theory and compositionality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Osherson and Smith (1981, Cognition, 11, 237–262) discuss a number of problems which arise for a prototype-based account of the meanings of simple and complex concepts. Assuming that concept combination in such a theory is to be analyzed in terms of fuzzy logic, they show that some complex concepts inevitably get assigned the wrong meanings. In the present paper we

Hans Kamp; Barbara Partee

1995-01-01

136

Prototyping Architectural Support  

E-print Network

Xilinx Virtex-II FPGA Config. PROM Boot PROM SDRAM Communication & Control App Binaries FPGA Prgramming ­ Collect info about bug circumstances ­ Hardware support · FPGA platform ­ Rapid prototyping ­ DesignV3000, 64 Mbytes SDRAM Development board Linux embedded Operating System PCI, Ethernet, serial

Torrellas, Josep

137

Rapid Prototyping Reconsidered  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Continuing educators need additional strategies for developing new programming that can both reduce the time to market and lower the cost of development. Rapid prototyping, a time-compression technique adapted from the high technology industry, represents one such strategy that merits renewed evaluation. Although in higher education rapid…

Desrosier, James

2011-01-01

138

MITRE sensor layer prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

The MITRE Sensor Layer Prototype is an initial design effort to enable every sensor to help create new capabilities through collaborative data sharing. By making both upstream (raw) and downstream (processed) sensor data visible, users can access the specific level, type, and quantities of data needed to create new data products that were never anticipated by the original designers of

Francis Duff; Donald McGarry; David Zasada; Scott Foote

2009-01-01

139

Application of Montague grammar to English-Japanese machine translation  

SciTech Connect

English-Japanese machine translation requires a large amount of structural transformation in both grammatical and conceptual level. In order to make the control structure clearer and more understandable, this paper proposes a model based on Montague grammar. The translation process is modelled as a data flow computation process. Formal description tools are developed and a prototype system is constructed. Various problems which arise in this modelling and their solutions are described. Results of experiments are shown and the extent to which initial goals are achieved is discussed. 14 references.

Nishida, T.; Doshita, S.

1983-01-01

140

Ground Systems Development Environment (GSDE) interface requirements and prototyping plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report describes the data collection and requirements analysis effort of the Ground System Development Environment (GSDE) Interface Requirements study. It identifies potential problems in the interfaces among applications and processors in the heterogeneous systems that comprises the GSDE. It describes possible strategies for addressing those problems. It also identifies areas for further research and prototyping to demonstrate the capabilities and feasibility of those strategies and defines a plan for building the necessary software prototypes.

Church, Victor E.; Philips, John; Bassman, Mitchell; Williams, C.

1990-01-01

141

Japanese Experiment Module (JEM)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Japanese Experiment Module (JEM) pressure module is removed from its shipping crate and moved across the floor of the Space Station Processing Facility at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) to a work stand. A research laboratory, the pressurized module is the first element of the JEM, named 'Kibo' (Hope) to arrive at KSC. Japan's primary contribution to the International Space Station, the module will enhance unique research capabilities of the orbiting complex by providing an additional environment in which astronauts will conduct experiments. The JEM also includes an exposed facility or platform for space environment experiments, a robotic manipulator system, and two logistics modules. The various JEM components will be assembled in space over the course of three Shuttle missions.

2003-01-01

142

Japanese Encephalitis Vaccines  

PubMed Central

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a significant human health concern in Asia, Indonesia and parts of Australia with more than 3 billion people potentially at risk of infection with Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), the causative agent of JE. Given the risk to human health and the theoretical potential for JEV use as a bioweapon, the development of safe and effective vaccines to prevent JEV infection is vital for preserving human health. The development of vaccines for JE began in the 1940s with formalin-inactivated mouse brain-derived vaccines. These vaccines have been shown to induce a protective immune response and to be very effective. Mouse brain-derived vaccines were still in use until May 2011 when the last lots of the BIKEN® JE-VAX® expired. Development of modern JE vaccines utilizes cell culture-derived viruses and improvements in manufacturing processes as well as removal of potential allergens or toxins have significantly improved vaccine safety. China has developed a live-attenuated vaccine that has proven to induce protective immunity following a single inoculation. In addition, a chimeric vaccine virus incorporating the prM and E structural proteins derived from the live-attenuated JE vaccine into the live-attenuated yellow fever 17D vaccine virus backbone is currently in clinical trials. In this article, we provide a summary of JE vaccine development and on-going clinical trials. We also discuss the potential risk of JEV as a bioweapon with a focus on virus sustainability if used as a weapon. PMID:23125946

McArthur, Monica A.; Holbrook, Michael R.

2012-01-01

143

Japanese Fine Prints, Pre-1915  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The online division of Prints and Photographs from the Library of Congress has digitized many of their more than 2500 Japanese woodblock prints. To become familiar with the print traditions in Japanese art, visitors should click on the link entitled "Background and Scope". Users can browse by creator, subject or format. Each individual image may be viewed in a variety of file sizes and formats, as well as downloaded.

144

JABEE in Japanese Engineering Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

JABEE in Japanese engineering education is discussed by focusing on the status and treatment of engineers in Japanese society and their achievements. The entrance fee and tuition of the engineering departments of higher education facilities are higher than those of the law, economy and literature departments. On the other hand, an engineer's lifelong wage is smaller than that of those who have graduated from the latter fields. Although engineering students must study for a longer period of time, the scholarship system to support these students in Japan falls far behind that in the U.S.A. The achievements of Japanese engineering were summarized from the viewpoint of economic indications such as 1) production of steel, 2) energy consumption per person as a function of GDP, 3) income 4) real estate abroad and miscellaneous factors such as the life spans and criminal rates of many countries. These analyses made it clear that Japanese engineers have the highest ability even compared to advanced countries and this is because of the higher engineering education in Japan ; but their status is unreasonably low in Japanese society. The four points by which the present status of Japanese engineers can be improved were discussed in relation to the introduction and the achievement of the JABEE system. The true aim of education reform by JABEE is that the engineering education in Japan should shift “from government to non-government”, “from organization to individual” and “from control to interdependency.” The expected points of improvement are discussed.

Takeda, Kunihiko; Ishikawa, Tomoyuki

145

The Morikami Museum & Japanese Gardens  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Palm Beach County in Southern Florida is the home of the Morikami Museum and Japanese Gardens. For armchair travelers, the quickest way there is via their fine website, where some of their exhibitions and collections can be found. The "Collection" tab at the top of the page will take the visitor to over 1000 images of items in their collection, most of which are from the mid 19th century to the late 20th century, and are articles of daily Japanese life, such as bottles, door pulls, dolls, and foot warmers. Visitors should not miss the "Japanese Gardens" section of the website, as there is a photo gallery of the six gardens on the museums grounds. The introduction to the gardens state that the Journal of Japanese Gardening ranks these gardens eighth out of over 300 Japanese gardens outside of Japan. There is a PDF of a "Garden Guide" available in English and Spanish, and the link to all of the photos of the gardens is in the middle of the "Japanese Gardens" page. [KMG

146

Ares I-X Ground Diagnostic Prototype  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The automation of pre-launch diagnostics for launch vehicles offers three potential benefits: improving safety, reducing cost, and reducing launch delays. The Ares I-X Ground Diagnostic Prototype demonstrated anomaly detection, fault detection, fault isolation, and diagnostics for the Ares I-X first-stage Thrust Vector Control and for the associated ground hydraulics while the vehicle was in the Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and while it was on the launch pad. The prototype combines three existing tools. The first tool, TEAMS (Testability Engineering and Maintenance System), is a model-based tool from Qualtech Systems Inc. for fault isolation and diagnostics. The second tool, SHINE (Spacecraft Health Inference Engine), is a rule-based expert system that was developed at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory. We developed SHINE rules for fault detection and mode identification, and used the outputs of SHINE as inputs to TEAMS. The third tool, IMS (Inductive Monitoring System), is an anomaly detection tool that was developed at NASA Ames Research Center. The three tools were integrated and deployed to KSC, where they were interfaced with live data. This paper describes how the prototype performed during the period of time before the launch, including accuracy and computer resource usage. The paper concludes with some of the lessons that we learned from the experience of developing and deploying the prototype.

Schwabacher, Mark A.; Martin, Rodney Alexander; Waterman, Robert D.; Oostdyk, Rebecca Lynn; Ossenfort, John P.; Matthews, Bryan

2010-01-01

147

LHCb outer tracker prototypes  

E-print Network

This note describes measurements performed on various prototype modules of LHCb Outer Tracker drift chambers in the test beam periods of 1998 and 1999. Presented are measurements of various drift cell characteristics. The single cell efficiency is shown to be better than 98%. The gas mixture Ar:CF4:CO2 (68:27:05) in a 5 mm straw tube is just fast enough to keep the maximum drift time within two LHC bunch crossings. It is shown that 8 mm cells do not satisfy this criterium. The noise in the tested 5 mm prototypes is below 0.2%, the main source of this noise is the amplifier/shaper. Next to presenting the measurements, the test beam setup is described. Furthermore a description is given of the used analysis methods. The same methods will be used to analyse the data taken in 2000. This data will be reported in a seperate note.

Van der Eijk, R

2000-01-01

148

Stereolithography and Rapid Prototyping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stereolithography is a “rapid prototyping” or additive manufacturing process that has been used to fabricate 3D and high aspect\\u000a ratio microstructures for customized packaging of microfluidic devices and microsensors. Microstereolithography denotes a\\u000a collection of processes and technologies that can fabricate devices and packages with improved resolution, with features down\\u000a to 1 ?m in size. We show the feasibility of the

David W. Rosen

149

Ghana Watershed Prototype Products  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Introduction/Background A number of satellite data sets are available through the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) for monitoring land surface features. Representative data sets include Landsat, Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER), and Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM). The Ghana Watershed Prototype Products cover an area within southern Ghana, Africa, and include examples of the aforementioned data sets along with sample SRTM derivative data sets.

U.S. Geological Survey

2007-01-01

150

Wet chemistry instrument prototype  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A wet chemistry instrument prototype for detecting amino acids in planetary soil samples was developed. The importance of amino acids and their condensation products to the development of life forms is explained. The characteristics of the instrument and the tests which were conducted to determine the materials compatibility are described. Diagrams are provided to show the construction of the instrument. Data obtained from the performance tests are reported.

1974-01-01

151

Majorana Thermosyphon Prototype Experimental Setup  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the experimental setup of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR thermosyphon prototype cooling system. A nitrogen thermosyphon prototype of such a system has been built and tested at PNNL. This document presents the experimental setup of the prototype that successfully demonstrated the heat transfer performance of the system.

Reid, Douglas J.; Guzman, Anthony D.; Munley, John T.

2011-08-01

152

Walkthrough—a dynamic graphics system for simulating virtual buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of our graphics research into virtual worlds, we are building a tool for an architect and his client to use for rapid prototyping of buildings by visually “walking through” them in order to refine specifications.Our first prototype simulated the new UNC Computer Science building with some 8000 polygons. BSP-tree software on the Adage Ikonas gave a colored, shaded

Frederick P. Brooks Jr.

1987-01-01

153

MITRE sensor layer prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The MITRE Sensor Layer Prototype is an initial design effort to enable every sensor to help create new capabilities through collaborative data sharing. By making both upstream (raw) and downstream (processed) sensor data visible, users can access the specific level, type, and quantities of data needed to create new data products that were never anticipated by the original designers of the individual sensors. The major characteristic that sets sensor data services apart from typical enterprise services is the volume (on the order of multiple terabytes) of raw data that can be generated by most sensors. Traditional tightly coupled processing approaches extract pre-determined information from the incoming raw sensor data, format it, and send it to predetermined users. The community is rapidly reaching the conclusion that tightly coupled sensor processing loses too much potentially critical information.1 Hence upstream (raw and partially processed) data must be extracted, rapidly archived, and advertised to the enterprise for unanticipated uses. The authors believe layered sensing net-centric integration can be achieved through a standardize-encapsulate-syndicateaggregate- manipulate-process paradigm. The Sensor Layer Prototype's technical approach focuses on implementing this proof of concept framework to make sensor data visible, accessible and useful to the enterprise. To achieve this, a "raw" data tap between physical transducers associated with sensor arrays and the embedded sensor signal processing hardware and software has been exploited. Second, we encapsulate and expose both raw and partially processed data to the enterprise within the context of a service-oriented architecture. Third, we advertise the presence of multiple types, and multiple layers of data through geographic-enabled Really Simple Syndication (GeoRSS) services. These GeoRSS feeds are aggregated, manipulated, and filtered by a feed aggregator. After filtering these feeds to bring just the type and location of data sought by multiple processes to the attention of each processing station, just that specifically sought data is downloaded to each process application. The Sensor Layer Prototype participated in a proof-of-concept demonstration in April 2008. This event allowed multiple MITRE innovation programs to interact among themselves to demonstrate the ability to couple value-adding but previously unanticipated users to the enterprise. For this event, the Sensor Layer Prototype was used to show data entering the environment in real time. Multiple data types were encapsulated and added to the database via the Sensor Layer Prototype, specifically National Imagery Transmission Format 2.1 (NITF), NATO Standardization Format 4607 (STANAG 4607), Cursor-on-Target (CoT), Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG), Hierarchical Data Format (HDF5) and several additional sensor file formats describing multiple sensors addressing a common scenario.

Duff, Francis; McGarry, Donald; Zasada, David; Foote, Scott

2009-05-01

154

Demonstrating a Realistic IP Mission Prototype  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Flight software and hardware and realistic space communications environments were elements of recent demonstrations of the Internet Protocol (IP) mission concept in the lab. The Operating Missions as Nodes on the Internet (OMNI) Project and the Flight Software Branch at NASA/GSFC collaborated to build the prototype of a representative space mission that employed unmodified off-the-shelf Internet protocols and technologies for end-to-end communications between the spacecraft/instruments and the ground system/users. The realistic elements used in the prototype included an RF communications link simulator and components of the TRIANA mission flight software and ground support system. A web-enabled camera connected to the spacecraft computer via an Ethernet LAN represented an on-board instrument creating image data. In addition to the protocols at the link layer (HDLC), transport layer (UDP, TCP), and network (IP) layer, a reliable file delivery protocol (MDP) at the application layer enabled reliable data delivery both to and from the spacecraft. The standard Network Time Protocol (NTP) performed on-board clock synchronization with a ground time standard. The demonstrations of the prototype mission illustrated some of the advantages of using Internet standards and technologies for space missions, but also helped identify issues that must be addressed. These issues include applicability to embedded real-time systems on flight-qualified hardware, range of applicability of TCP, and liability for and maintenance of commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) products. The NASA Earth Science Technology Office (ESTO) funded the collaboration to build and demonstrate the prototype IP mission.

Rash, James; Ferrer, Arturo B.; Goodman, Nancy; Ghazi-Tehrani, Samira; Polk, Joe; Johnson, Lorin; Menke, Greg; Miller, Bill; Criscuolo, Ed; Hogie, Keith

2003-01-01

155

Japanese pitch accent acquisition by learners of Japanese: Effects of training on Japanese accent instruction, perception, and production  

E-print Network

This dissertation investigated 1) American L2 learners' perceptual ability to accurately identify Japanese pitch accent, and 2) learners' realization of Japanese pitch accent. This study was conducted to determine whether these abilities could...

Hirano-Cook, Erika

2011-07-13

156

3. Historic American Buildings Survey W. N. Manning, Photographer, March ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Historic American Buildings Survey W. N. Manning, Photographer, March 14, 1935 VIEW IN DINING ROOM SHOWING JAPANESE CHINA CLOSET, S.W. - John Bullard House, Harrogate Springs Road vicinity, Wetumpka, Elmore County, AL

157

Performance assessment and adoption processes of an information monitoring and diagnostic system prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report addresses the problem that buildings do not perform as well as anticipated during design. We partnered with an innovative building operator to evaluate a prototype Information Monitoring and Diagnostic System (IMDS). The IMDS consists of high-quality measurements archived each minute, a data visualization tool, and a web-based capability. The operators recommend similar technology be adopted in other buildings.

Piette; Mary Ann

1999-01-01

158

AMS Prototyping Activities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the activity around the Asynchronous Message Service (AMS) prototype. An AMS reference implementation has been available since late 2005. It is aimed at supporting message exchange both in on-board environments and over space links. The implementation incoroporates all mandatory elements of the draft recommendation from July 2007: (1) MAMS, AMS, and RAMS protocols. (2) Failover, heartbeats, resync. (3) "Hooks" for security, but no cipher suites included in the distribution. The performance is reviewed, and a Benchmark latency test over VxWorks Message Queues is shown as histograms of a count vs microseconds per 1000-byte message

Burleigh, Scott

2008-01-01

159

Internet Banking System Prototype  

E-print Network

Internet Banking System refers to systems that enable bank customers to access accounts and general information on bank products and services through a personal computer or other intelligent device. Internet banking products and services can include detailed account information for corporate customers as well as account summery and transfer money. Ultimately, the products and services obtained through Internet Banking may mirror products and services offered through other bank delivery channels. In this paper, Internet Banking System Prototype has been proposed in order to illustrate the services which is provided by the Bank online services.

Alnaqeib, Rami; Jalab, Hamid A; Zaidan, M A; Hmood, Ali K

2010-01-01

160

Prototype dining hall energy efficiency study  

SciTech Connect

The energy consumption of food service facilities is among the highest of any commercial building type, owing to the special requirements for food preparation, sanitation, and ventilation. Consequently, the US Air Force Engineering and Services Center (AFESC) contracted with Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) to collect and analyze end-use energy consumption data for a prototypical dining hall and make specific recommendations on cost-effective energy conservation options. This information will be used to establish or update criteria for dining hall designs and retrofits as appropriate. 6 refs., 21 figs., 23 tabs.

Mazzucchi, R.P.; Bailey, S.A.; Zimmerman, P.W.

1988-06-01

161

Marine Biodiversity in Japanese Waters  

PubMed Central

To understand marine biodiversity in Japanese waters, we have compiled information on the marine biota in Japanese waters, including the number of described species (species richness), the history of marine biology research in Japan, the state of knowledge, the number of endemic species, the number of identified but undescribed species, the number of known introduced species, and the number of taxonomic experts and identification guides, with consideration of the general ocean environmental background, such as the physical and geological settings. A total of 33,629 species have been reported to occur in Japanese waters. The state of knowledge was extremely variable, with taxa containing many inconspicuous, smaller species tending to be less well known. The total number of identified but undescribed species was at least 121,913. The total number of described species combined with the number of identified but undescribed species reached 155,542. This is the best estimate of the total number of species in Japanese waters and indicates that more than 70% of Japan's marine biodiversity remains un-described. The number of species reported as introduced into Japanese waters was 39. This is the first attempt to estimate species richness for all marine species in Japanese waters. Although its marine biota can be considered relatively well known, at least within the Asian-Pacific region, considering the vast number of different marine environments such as coral reefs, ocean trenches, ice-bound waters, methane seeps, and hydrothermal vents, much work remains to be done. We expect global change to have a tremendous impact on marine biodiversity and ecosystems. Japan is in a particularly suitable geographic situation and has a lot of facilities for conducting marine science research. Japan has an important responsibility to contribute to our understanding of life in the oceans. PMID:20689840

Fujikura, Katsunori; Lindsay, Dhugal; Kitazato, Hiroshi; Nishida, Shuhei; Shirayama, Yoshihisa

2010-01-01

162

The American Perception of Japanese Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the development of U.S. interest in Japanese education. Lists myths, exaggerations, and cautiously acknowledged strengths of Japanese education in American commentaries. Suggests that Japanese educational practices have had little impact on American education, partly because of a lack of truly comparative studies. Contains 19 references.…

Cummings, William K.

1989-01-01

163

The Japanese in America. In America Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The life of Japanese immigrants in America is explored, and the accomplishments of Japanese Americans are reviewed in this book which is part of a series for children. The wartime contributions and experiences of Japanese Americans, including the experience of relocation camps, are described. Particular attention is paid to the experience of…

Leathers, Noel L.

164

The Work Values of Japanese Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Empirical studies of Japanese work ethics have tended to focus on male workers while neglecting women. In addition, work values in both Japan and the United States appear to be changing. More information is needed on the work values of American and Japanese female workers. A study was conducted to explore the work ethics of Japanese women and to…

Engel, John W.

165

Japanese/Korean Linguistics, Volume 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collection of research in Japanese and Korean linguistics includes: "Repetition, Reformulation, and Definitions: Prosodic Indexes of Elaboration in Japanese" (Mieko Banno); "Projection of Talk Using Language, Intonation, Deictic and Iconic Gestures and Other Body Movements" (Keiko Emmett); "Turn-taking in Japanese Political Debate: Syntax,…

Silva, David J., Ed.

166

Developing Instructional Materials for Business Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business Japanese should be the study of Japanese language and culture for business communication and should include values and beliefs and institutional constraints on which the Japanese act as well as business etiquette and terminology. Topics to be covered in instruction will vary depending on the role (seller, buyer, or colleague) played by…

Koike, Shohei

167

Foreign Fishery Developments Japanese Frozen Shrimp  

E-print Network

of frozen shrimp in 1978 amounted to 143,962 t, a new all-time high surpassing by 15 percent the previousForeign Fishery Developments Japanese Frozen Shrimp Imports Continue to Climb Japanese imports. Japanese imports of frozen shrimp have increased remarkably since the liberalization of shrimp imports

168

Shattering Myths: Japanese American Educational Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An historical review of the immigration and resettlement patterns, and a demographic profile of Japanese Americans reveals a myth of the "successful minority." Since the founding of the Japanese American Citizens League in 1928, Japanese Americans have defeated alien land laws, discriminatory immigration quotas, anti-miscengenation laws, and…

Yoshiwara, Florence M.

169

The Nonacademic Curriculum of the Japanese Preschool.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Japanese nursery school and kindergarten activities are designed to facilitate the socialization of Japanese children. The culture of the home and the culture of the school (and by extension the rest of Japanese society) are so different from each other that it is believed the open and unselfconscious help of the education system is necessary to…

Peach, Mark

1994-01-01

170

Rapid Prototyping as an Aid to Sustainable Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research explored the use of rapid prototyping as a tool for selecting the building composition w ith the greatest potential for energy efficiency. This research exa mined methods of translating the data gathered from energy modeling software to a format compatible with 3-D printing technology. The growing public awareness o f the finite quantity of natural resources available for

Xavier Lange

171

Towards geo-spatial hypermedia: Concepts and prototype implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper combines spatial hypermedia with techniques from Geographical Information Systems and location based services. We describe the Topos 3D Spatial Hypermedia system and how it has been developed to support geo-spatial hypermedia coupling hypermedia information to model representations of real world buildings and landscapes. The prototype experiments are primarily aimed at supporting architects and landscape architects in their work

Kaj Grønbæk; Peter Posselt Vestergaard; Peter Ørbæk

2002-01-01

172

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-print Network

Pharmacy S Planning, Architecture and Civil Engineering T Politics, International Studies and Philosophy VKEY University Buildings Landmark Buildings The Lanyon Building Roads Footpath Cafe University Accommodation Queen's University Belfast Campus Map School Offices A Biological Sciences B Chemistry

Paxton, Anthony T.

173

Design and fabrication of a prototype system for photovoltaic residences in the Southwest  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Described are the design of a photovoltaic powered residence for the American Southwest, dubbed Casa fotovoltaica, and the construction of a prototype building at the Southwest Residential Experiment Station for testing the performance of the full size photovoltaic (PV) system. Included are architectural drawings of both the residence and the prototype, analysis of the energy requirements of the residence, prediction of PV system output, description of the electrical system, and history of the construction process of the prototype.

1982-06-01

174

Other Japanese Educations and Japanese Education Otherwise. Review Essay  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education in the United States was in a state of "crisis" at the time of the 1983 release of "A Nation at Risk," the landmark report on the US education reform. This was the time when the rising Japanese economy started threatening the post-war US economic dominance and conservative figures such as Ronald Reagan gained popular support. Subsequent…

Takayama, Keita

2011-01-01

175

SXI prototype mirror mount  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this contract was to provide optomechanical engineering and fabrication support to the Solar X-ray Imager (SXI) program in the areas of mirror, optical bench and camera assemblies of the telescope. The Center for Applied Optics (CAO) worked closely with the Optics and S&E technical staff of MSFC to develop and investigate the most viable and economical options for the design and fabrication of a number of parts for the various telescope assemblies. All the tasks under this delivery order have been successfully completed within budget and schedule. A number of development hardware parts have been designed and fabricated jointly by MSFC and UAH for the engineering model of SXI. The major parts include a nickel electroformed mirror and a mirror mount, plating and coating of the ceramic spacers, and gold plating of the contact rings and fingers for the camera assembly. An aluminum model of the high accuracy sun sensor (HASS) was also designed and fabricated. A number of fiber optic tapers for the camera assembly were also coated with indium tin oxide and phosphor for testing and evaluation by MSFC. A large number of the SXI optical bench parts were also redesigned and simplified for a prototype telescope. These parts include the forward and rear support flanges, front aperture plate, the graphite epoxy optical bench and a test fixture for the prototype telescope. More than fifty (50) drawings were generated for various components of the prototype telescope. Some of these parts were subsequently fabricated at UAH machine shop or at MSFC or by the outside contractors. UAH also provide technical support to MSFC staff for a number of preliminary and critical design reviews. These design reviews included PDR and CDR for the mirror assembly by United Technologies Optical Systems (UTOS), and the program quarterly reviews, and SXI PDR and CDR. UAH staff also regularly attended the monthly status reviews, and made a significant number of suggestions to improve the design, assembly and alignment of the telescope. Finally, a high level assembly and alignment plan for the entire telescope was prepared by UAH. This plan addresses the sequence of assembly, the required assembly and alignment tolerances, and the methods to verify the alignment at each step during the assembly process. This assembly and alignment plan will be used to assemble and integrate the engineering model (EM) of the telescope. Later on, based on this plan more detailed assembly and alignment procedures will be developed for the lower-level assemblies of SXI.

1995-01-01

176

Prototyping user displays using CLIPS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

CLIPS is being used as an integral module of a rapid prototyping system. The prototyping system consists of a display manager for object browsing, a graph program for displaying line and bar charts, and a communications server for routing messages between modules. A CLIPS simulation of a physical model provides dynamic control of the user's display. Currently, a project is well underway to prototype the Advanced Automation System (AAS) for the Federal Aviation Administration.

Kosta, Charles P.; Miller, Ross; Krolak, Patrick; Vesty, Matt

1990-01-01

177

Solar viewing interferometer prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Earth Atmospheric Solar-Occultation Imager (EASI) is a proposed interferometer with 5 telescopes on an 8-meter boom in a 1D Fizeau configuration. Placed at the Earth-Sun L2 Lagrange point, EASI would perform absorption spectroscopy of the Earth"s atmosphere occulting the Sun. Fizeau interferometers give spatial resolution comparable to a filled aperture but lower collecting area. Even with the small collecting area the high solar flux requires most of the energy to be reflected back to space. EASI will require closed loop control of the optics to compensate for spacecraft and instrument motions, thermal and structural transients and pointing jitter. The Solar Viewing Interferometry Prototype (SVIP) is a prototype ground instrument to study the needed wavefront control methods. SVIP consists of three 10 cm aperture telescopes, in a linear configuration, on a 1.2-meter boom that will estimate atmospheric abundances of O2, H2O, CO2, and CH4 versus altitude and azimuth in the 1.25 - 1.73 micron band. SVIP measures the Greenhouse Gas absorption while looking at the sun, and uses solar granulation to deduce piston, tip and tilt misalignments from atmospheric turbulence and the instrument structure. Tip/tilt sensors determine relative/absolute telescope pointing and operate from 0.43 - 0.48 microns to maximize contrast. Two piston sensors, using a robust variation of dispersed fringes, determine piston shifts between the baselines and operate from 0.5 - 0.73 microns. All sensors are sampled at 800 Hz and processed with a DSP computer and fed back at 200 Hz (3 dB) to the active optics. A 4 Hz error signal is also fed back to the tracking platform. Optical performance will be maintained to better than ?/8 rms in closed-loop.

Lyon, Richard G.; Herman, Jay R.; Abuhassan, Nader; Marx, Catherine T.; Kizhner, Semion; Crooke, Julie; Toland, Ronald W.; Mariano, Albert; Salerno, Cheryl; Brown, Gary; Cazeau, Tony; Petrone, Peter P., III; Mamakos, Billy; Tournois, Severine C.

2004-10-01

178

Resolving Zero Anaphora in Japanese  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents a computational theory for resolving Japanese zero anaphora, based on the notion of ., 1990] in that the resolution works by matching one empathy hierarchy against another, which makes it possible to deal with discourses with no explicit topic and those with cataphora [Halliday and Hassan, 1990].The theory is formalized through the definite clause grammar (DCG) formalism

Tadashi Nomoto; Yoshihiko Nitta

1993-01-01

179

Moral Development of Japanese Kindergartners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews were conducted with 28 kindergartners, their teachers, and their director to examine Japanese children's moral development. Qualitative analysis of interviews revealed three themes related to moral development: social system morality, emotions, and responsibility. Children made moral decisions based on social system morality…

Taylor, Satomi Izumi; Ogawa, Tetsuya; Wilson, Jeanne

2002-01-01

180

Unit linking in conversational Japanese  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the preferred ways in which “intonation units” (IUs) are linked in informal dyadic Japanese conversation. It was found that the most preferred IU linkage types are those by means of intonation alone or by means of intonation plus particles, whereas use of explicit connectives or simultaneous use of connectives and particles is less preferred. This suggests that

Kazuko Matsumoto

2003-01-01

181

Japanese at Mimosa Elementary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Japanese program at Mimosa Elementary School in Roswell, Georgia. The success of the program has been aided by collaborative team teaching, a spiraled curriculum, creative teaching methods, Teacher -made materials, and communication among teachers, parents, and administrators. he challenges are also discussed. (Author/VWL)

Uchihara, Azusa

2001-01-01

182

Controlling Japanese Climbing Fern Spores  

E-print Network

Controlling Japanese Climbing Fern Spores with Residual Herbicides Clyde Smith Regional IPM Agent herbicides for JCF control. · Evaluate residual herbicide effectiveness for controlling JCF spore germination application ­ Pole. #12;Herbicides 1. imazapyr 0.5 lb ai/acre. 2. imazapic 0.5 lb 3. imazamox 0.25 lb 4

Watson, Craig A.

183

An Island Effect in Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Develops an argument for a pied-piping approach to the apparent absence of island effects in Japanese, along the lines of Nishigauchi (1986, 1990). Investigates the nature of pied-piping, developing a theory that accounts for the fact that wh-islands cannot be pied-piped. (Author/VWL)

Richards, Norvin

2000-01-01

184

Satsumaimo, the Japanese Sweet Potato  

E-print Network

Broadcast Transcript: This is Randi Hacker with another Postcard from Asia from the KU Center for East Asian Studies. Asia is a rice culture. And, here in Japan, you might say there is a satsumaimo sub-culture--that is, a culture of the Japanese...

Hacker, Randi

2013-12-11

185

Anglicanism in a Japanese Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

The standpoint adopted here is that of a diocesan bishop serving in the Nippon SeiKoKai (NSKK, Anglican Church). The NSKK is a small church and has a long history in Japan. Its public stance has been relatively moderate and approaches Japanese society and other Christian churches in a modest way. Government agencies have tended to regard Christianity as peculiar and

John Hiromichi Kato

2008-01-01

186

Japanese Attitudes toward English Accents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the attitudes of 169 Japanese university students toward varieties of spoken English. Results found that the students with more instrumental motivation were more positive toward nonnative English accents than those with less instrumental motivation, and that the students' familiarity with accents had an influence on their acceptance of…

Chiba, Reiko; And Others

1995-01-01

187

A Data and Knowledge Management System for Intelligent Buildings  

E-print Network

This paper describes a novel prototype of lifecycle information management and knowledge utilization of intelligent buildings. There is a comprehensive summary of the types of information and knowledge of intelligent buildings in their lifecycles...

Hong, J.; Chen, Z.; Li, H.; Xu, Q.

2006-01-01

188

Social Knowledge as a Control System: A Proposition and Evidence from the Japanese FDI Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building upon the concept of clans, this paper introduces the value of social knowledge as a control mechanism available for an MNC to manage its foreign subsidiaries. Social knowledge is defined as one's ability to understand and predict others' general patterns of behavior. The hypotheses are empirically tested with Japanese FDI data into four host countries, the United States, Singapore,

Jung Hoon Derick Sohn

1994-01-01

189

MARKET POTENTIAL AND THE LOCATION OF JAPANESE INVESTMENT IN THE EUROPEAN UNION  

E-print Network

Okuda, chairman of Toyota, used the statement above to justify Toyota's decision to build a factory share of the Japanese car manufacturer in France (1%) and in Europe in general (3%).1 The Toyota example market access. The man- agers of Toyota apparently thought that their existing pro- duction sites

Boyer, Edmond

190

A Rising Sun Shines on American Training. Schools Help Prepare the American Workers Japanese Manufacturers Need.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how local vocational schools and community colleges can play a key role in building a strong partnership between Japanese manufacturers and their U.S. workers. Kellogg Community College's (Michigan) partnership with Nippondenso and the Ohio Industrial Training Program's work with Honda of America are profiled. (JOW)

Benanzer, Elizabeth; And Others

1991-01-01

191

Increasing Social Capital for Disaster Response through Social Networking Services (SNS) in Japanese Local Governments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers have argued that social networks within a community have positive effects on people's behavior in the four stages of disaster. The Japanese government is testing Social Networking Service (SNS) at the municipal level with the intention to improve community building, democratic processes and disaster management. This paper presents results from two case studies of local SNS in Yatsushiro city,

Alexander R. M. Schellong; J. W. Goethe

192

Lifestyle constraints, not inadequate nutrition education, cause gap between breakfast ideals and realities among Japanese in Tokyo.  

PubMed

Japanese public health nutrition often promotes 'traditional' cuisine. In-depth interviews with 107 Japanese adults were conducted in Tokyo from 2009 to 2011, using free-listing methods to examine dietary ideals and realities to assess the extent to which realities reflect inadequate nutrition education or lifestyle constraints. Ideal-reality gaps were widest for breakfast. Most people reported Japanese ideals: rice and miso soup were prototypical foods. However, breakfast realities were predominantly western (bread-based). While those aged 40-59 were more likely to hold Japanese ideals (P=0.063), they were less likely to achieve them (P=0.007). All those reporting western ideals achieved them on weekdays, while only 64% of those with Japanese ideals achieved them (P<0.001). Partial correlations controlling for age and gender showed achievement of Japanese ideals were positively correlated with proportion of cooking-related housework, and negatively correlated with living standard and income. Ideal menu content was in line with current Japanese nutrition advice, suggesting that more nutrition education may not change dietary ideals or behavior. Participant-reported reasons for ideal-reality discordance demonstrate that work-life balance issues, especially lack of time and family structure/life rhythm, are the largest obstacles to the attainment of dietary ideals. People reporting 'no time' as a primary reason for ideal-reality gaps were less likely to achieve their Japanese ideals (odds ratio=0.212). Time realities of people's lives may undermine educational efforts promoting Japanese breakfasts. When dietary reality/behavior departs from guidelines, it is often assumed that people lack knowledge. If ideals are in line with dietary guidelines, then lack of knowledge is not the likely cause and nutrition education is not the optimal solution. By asking people about the reasons for gaps between their ideals and realities, we can identify barriers and design more effective policies and programs to achieve dietary ideals. PMID:24080190

Melby, Melissa K; Takeda, Wakako

2014-01-01

193

Rapid prototyping for wearable computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present tools for prototyping and for testing wearable computing applications. The hardware platform consists of a mobile phone and a custom-built box, which can be equipped at runtime with different sensors and actuators. Software libraries for signal processing and classification complement the toolkit. Users without expertise in electronics or in signal processing can quickly create fully functional wearable prototypes

Daniel Spelmezan; Adalbert Schanowski; Jan Borchers

2008-01-01

194

Prototype solar power satellite options  

Microsoft Academic Search

The choice of options for the prototype solar power satellite is addressed relative to risk and cost. Emphasis is placed on the reduction of the risk of failure. Risk is the program cost multiplied by the reduction in probability of program success due to the risky action. Four classes of risk are identified. It is suggested that prototyping would reduce

B. R. Sperber; K. E. Drexler

1980-01-01

195

Pair-List Readings in Korean-Japanese, Chinese-Japanese and English-Japanese Interlanguage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In English and Chinese, questions with a "wh"-object and a universally quantified subject (e.g. "What did everyone buy?") allow an individual answer ("Everyone bought apples.") and a pair-list answer ("Sam bought apples, Jo bought bananas, Sally bought..."). By contrast, the pair-list answer is reportedly unavailable in Japanese and Korean. This…

Marsden, Heather

2008-01-01

196

Dexterous motions of Japanese dance by a miniature humanoid robot  

Microsoft Academic Search

First, we discuss about requirements for humanoid robots of Japan. Here, Japanese dance is one of important Japanese cultures. Also, there are many people unfamiliar with Japanese dance in other countries. If they hope to learn Japanese dance, it is very important to instruct such people in Japanese dance. There have been several studies about the system for imitating human

Osamu Yuuki; Seiya Yamazaki; Kunihiro Yamada; Naoyuki Kubota

2009-01-01

197

An approach to Japanese-sign language translation system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method was developed for translating written (spoken) language (text in Japanese) into a sequence of sign words of Japanese sign language called Simultaneous Japanese Sign Language (SJSL). The Japanese-to-Sign translation system is described that uses a Japanese-to-Sign translation dictionary with about 250 signs

K. Kamata; T. Yoshida; M. Watanabe; Y. Usui

1989-01-01

198

[Japanese encephalitis in Southern Europe].  

PubMed

In 2012, a fragment of the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) genome was isolated from a pool of Culex pipiens mosquitoes caught in 2010 and 2011 in Northern Italy. JEV has a broad geographical distribution in South and Southeast Asia and Oceania, and is the most important cause of viral encephalitis in Asia in humans and also causes encephalitis in horses and fertility problems in pigs. However, recently isolated JEV genome fragments in mosquitoes in Italy could be an indication of repeated introduction of JEV, enzootic circulation of JEV or a related virus in Southern Europe. Until more information is available, Japanese encephalitis remains a travel-related infectious disease for travellers to JEV endemic and epidemic areas outside of Europe. PMID:25090898

Cleton, Natalie; Koopmans, Marion; Braks, Marieta; Van Maanen, Kees; Reusken, Chantal

2014-07-01

199

How Japanese is Wii? The Reception and Localization of Japanese Video Games in America  

E-print Network

With control over both store shelves and consumers' consciousness, Japanese video games have dominated the U.S. and global game markets over the past two decades and continue to prosper today. This thesis positions Japanese video games' popularity...

Huang, Xiangyi

2009-06-12

200

Foraging search: Prototypical intelligence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We think because we eat. Or as Descartes might have said, on a little more reflection, "I need to eat, therefore I think." Animals that forage for a living repeatedly face the problem of searching for a sparsely distributed resource in a vast space. Furthermore, the resource may occur sporadically and episodically under conditions of true uncertainty (nonstationary, complex and non-linear dynamics). I assert that this problem is the canonical problem solved by intelligence. It's solution is the basis for the evolution of more advanced intelligence in which the space of search includes that of concepts (objects and relations) encoded in cortical structures. In humans the conscious experience of searching through concept space we call thinking. The foraging search model is based upon a higher-order autopoeitic system (the forager) employing anticipatory processing to enhance its success at finding food while avoiding becoming food or having accidents in a hostile world. I present a semi-formal description of the general foraging search problem and an approach to its solution. The latter is a brain-like structure employing dynamically adaptive neurons. A physical robot, MAVRIC, embodies some principles of foraging. It learns cues that lead to improvements in finding targets in a dynamic and nonstationary environment. This capability is based on a unique learning mechanism that encodes causal relations in the neural-like processing element. An argument is advanced that searching for resources in the physical world, as per the foraging model, is a prototype for generalized search for conceptual resources as when we think. A problem represents a conceptual disturbance in a homeostatic sense. The finding of a solution restores the homeostatic balance. The establishment of links between conceptual cues and solutions (resources) and the later use of those cues to think through to solutions of quasi-isomorphic problems is, essentially, foraging for ideas. It is a quite natural extension of the fundamental foraging model.

Mobus, George

2000-05-01

201

Mitochondrial DNA polymorphism in Japanese  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from 120 Japanese was analysed with 15 restriction enzymes that recognize six base pairs, of which 11 enzymes showed at least one atypical cleavage pattern. Digestion patterns with HincII and HaeII were highly polymorphic. The observed restriction enzyme morphs were classified into 22 types of distinct cleavage patterns. By pairwise comparison of each restriction type, the

Satoshi Horai; Takashi Gojobori; Ei Matsunaga

1984-01-01

202

Mitochondrial DNA polymorphism in Japanese  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from 116 Japanese was analyzed with nine restriction enzymes that recognize a four or five base pair sequence. The sizes of the mtDNA fragments produced by digestion by each enzyme were compared after gel electrophoresis. Double digestion experiments indicated that, in the coding region from URF2 (unidentified reading frame) to tRNAAsn (bp 5274–5691), there is an insertion

Satoshi Horai; Ei Matsunaga

1986-01-01

203

A Sustainable Southwest Japanese Garden  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Project Description (Microsoft Word 14kB Jan26 10) Water collection and usage in the Sustainable SW Japanese Garden The Albuquerque Water Authority has several activities on their web site to help with making a personal water audit, selecting xeriscape plants, designing garden areas as well as forms for rebates. We used the ABQ Water Authority design format to calculate which plants to install. Students start with a personal water audit and then move to the design of the garden. Personal water audit http://www.abcwua.org/Understanding_Your_Bill.aspx Techniques to consevere water outdoors http://www.abcwua.org/Save_Water_Outdoors.aspx Planning Xeriscape - students create their own personal garden and we transfer the concepts to the Japanese Garden. We are looking at Japanese design elements with a SW flare and thereby modeling what the internees did when they were limited to the surrounding rock, vegetation and water collection. http://www.abcwua.org/Xeriscaping.aspx Calculating roof area using a Google satellite image We use a measurable square on the pathway for the scale and then we calculate the square feet of the roof area. A transparency is used to overlay the image and calculate the water harvest. Calculating the capacity of the 1500 gallon cistern in terms of water needed per plant Students experiment with buckets to see ascertain the best collection site. The water is measured after rainfalls and compared to the weather data collected by the NOAA.

Rhonda Spidell

204

EURECA: a European-Japanese micro-calorimeter array  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

EURECA (EURopean-JapanEse Calorimeter Array) comprises a 5 x 5 pixel imaging TES-based micro-calorimeter array read-out by SQUID-based frequency-domain-multiplexed electronics and cooled down by an adiabatic demagnetization refrigerator. A European-Japanese consortium designs, fabricates, and tests this prototype instrument with the aim to show within about 2 years technology readiness of a TES-based X-ray imaging micro-calorimeter array in anticipation of future X-ray astronomy missions, like XEUS (ESA), Constellation-X (NASA), NEXT (JAXA), DIOS (JAXA), ESTREMO (ASI), and NEW (Dutch-multinational). This paper describes the instrument concept, and shows the design of the various sub-units, like the TES detector array, LC-filters, SQUID-amplifiers, flux-locked-loop electronics, AC-bias sources, etc.

de Korte, Piet A. J.; Anquita, Jose V.; Barcons, Xavier; Bastia, Paolo; Beyer, Joern; Briones, Fernando; Brockley Blatt, Chris; Bruijn, Marcel; Bussons, Javier; Camon, Augustin; Ceballos, M. Teresa; Drung, Dietmar; Enns, Christian; Fabrega, Lourdes; Fraser, George; Gatti, Flavio; Gottardi, Luciano; Hajdas, Wojtek; Helistö, Panu; Hepburn, Ian; den Herder, Jan-Willem; Hoevers, Henk; Ishisaki, Yoshitaka; Kiviranta, Mikko; van der Kuur, Jan; Mchedlishvili, Aliko; Mitsuda, Kazu; Piro, Luigi; Sese, Javier; Yamasaki, Noriko; Whitford, Chris

2006-06-01

205

Geochemical aspects of some Japanese lavas.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

K, Rb, Sr, Ba and rare-earth concentrations in some Japanese lavas have been determined by mass-spectrometric stable-isotope dilution. The samples fall into three rare-earth groups corresponding to tholeiitic, high alumina and alkali basalts. Japanese tholeiites have trace element characteristics similar to those of oceanic ridge tholeiites except for distinctly higher relative concentrations of Ba. Japanese lavas may result from various degrees of partial fusion of amphibole eclogite.

Philpotts, J. A.; Martin, W.; Schnetzler, C. C.

1971-01-01

206

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-print Network

's University Belfast Campus Map The Lanyon Building The Students' Union The David Keir Building School Offices and Sonic Arts Q Nursing and Midwifery R Pharmacy S Planning, Architecture and Civil Engineering T Politics Accommodation) 5 Harty Room, School of Music 26 Health Sciences Building 3 Human Resources 11 Information

Paxton, Anthony T.

207

Americans and Japanese Nonverbal Communication. Linguistic Communications 15 (Papers in Japanese Linguistics 3).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each culture has its own nonverbal as well as its verbal language. Movements, gestures and sounds have distinct and often conflicting interpretations in different countries. For Americans communicating with Japanese, misunderstandings are of two types: Japanese behavior which is completely new to the American, and Japanese behavior which is…

Taylor, Harvey M.

208

Compliment Responses: Comparing American Learners of Japanese, Native Japanese Speakers, and American Native English Speakers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research shows that American learners of Japanese (AJs) tend to differ from native Japanese speakers in their compliment responses (CRs). Yokota (1986) and Shimizu (2009) have reported that AJs tend to respond more negatively than native Japanese speakers. It has also been reported that AJs' CRs tend to lack the use of avoidance or…

Tatsumi, Naofumi

2012-01-01

209

Bedtime Stories in English: Field-Testing Comprehensible Input Materials for Natural Second-Language Acquisition in Japanese Pre-School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the prototype of a new type of bilingual picture book was field-tested with two sets of mother-son subject pairs. This picture book was designed as a possible tool for providing children with comprehensible input during their critical period for second language acquisition. Context is provided by visual cues and both Japanese and…

Hamilton, Robert

2014-01-01

210

An experience in Japanese academic medicine.  

PubMed Central

The Japanese health care system has been highly praised for its universal access, freedom of patient choice, maintenance of a private system, and creative funding. Japanese citizens enjoy general good health, low infant mortality, and long life expectancy. Nevertheless, aspects of Japanese medical education, both graduate and undergraduate, and the structure of academic departments differ from those seen in the United States. A sabbatical spent teaching general internal medicine in Japan provided the experience for this review of the Japanese system. I describe the structure and function of departments of medicine and observations made at daily clinical teaching exercises in hospitals throughout the country. PMID:8160464

Tierney, L M

1994-01-01

211

Rapid prototyping of green composites  

E-print Network

Rapid prototyping employs digital fabrication techniques to quickly manufacture parts. However, the available materials are not yet suitable for making strong, large or durable objects. Composites are materials which are ...

Peek, Nadya (Nadya Meile)

2010-01-01

212

Research on Building Energy Consumption Situation in Shanghai  

E-print Network

of different part on building energy-saving. Therefore, three typical buildings (office building, store and hotel) have been chosen for scene-measurement and investigation. The energy consumption data of three typical buildings are shown in Fig.6... that of average index (1.956 GJ/m2?y). It is thought to be a result of overworking in Japanese buildings and consume more energy. For hotel building (F, G building), the index of energy consumption (3.284 GJ/m2?y) is 30.7% higher than standard in Japan (2...

Yang, X.; Tan, H.

2006-01-01

213

Biotechnology, Video Games, Rapid Prototyping  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The ATETV project delivers web-based videos to connect students to careers in advanced technology. This episode of ATETV deals with biotechnology, video game design, and rapid prototyping. It can be viewed whole or in three segments: "Biotechnology Student Marina Watanabe on Why She Chose to Attend a Community College," "Video Game Design Student Brent Parsons on the Growing Market for Computer Simulations," and "What is Rapid Prototyping?" The running time for the full episode is 8:29.

214

Design and Construction of Prototype Dark Matter Detectors  

SciTech Connect

The Lepton Quark Studies (LQS) group is engaged in searching for dark matter using the Dark Matter Time Projection Chamber (DMTPC) at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) (Carlsbad, NM). DMTPC is a direction-sensitive dark matter detector designed to measure the recoil direction and energy deposited by fluorine nuclei recoiling from the interaction with incident WIMPs. In the past year, the major areas of progress have been: #15; to publish the #12;first dark matter search results from a surface run of the DMTPC prototype detector, #15; to build and install the 10L prototype in the underground laboratory at WIPP which will house the 1 m{sup 3} detector, and #15; to demonstrate charge and PMT readout of the TPC using prototype detectors, which allow triggering and #1;{Delta}z measurement to be used in the 1 m{sup 3} detector under development.

Peter Fisher

2012-03-23

215

Energy performance analysis of prototype electrochromic windows  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the results of a study investigating the energy performance of three newly developed prototype electrochromic devices. The DOE-2.1 E energy simulation program was used to analyze the annual cooling, lighting, and total electric energy use and peak demand as a function of window type and size. The authors simulated a prototypical commercial office building module located in the cooling-dominated locations of Phoenix, AZ and Miami, FL. Heating energy use was also studied in the heating-dominated location of Madison, WI. Daylight illuminance was used to control electrochromic state-switching. Two types of window systems were analyzed; i.e., the outer pane electrochromic glazing was combined with either a conventional low-E or a spectrally selective inner pane. The properties of the electrochromic glazings are based on measured data of new prototypes developed as part of a cooperative DOE-industry program. The results show the largest difference in annual electric energy performance between the different window types occurs in Phoenix and is about 6.5 kWh/m{sup 2} floor area (0.60 kWh/ft{sup 2}) which can represent a cost of about $.52/m{sup 2} ($.05/ft{sup 2}) using electricity costing $.08/kWh. In heating-dominated locations, the electrochromic should be maintained in its bleached state during the heating season to take advantage of beneficial solar heat gain which would reduce the amount of required heating. This also means that the electrochromic window with the largest solar heat gain coefficient is best.

Sullivan, R.; Rubin, M.; Selkowitz, S.

1996-12-01

216

Perceptual compensation for coarticulation by Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica)  

E-print Network

Perceptual compensation for coarticulation by Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) Andrew J Japanese quail Coturnix coturnix japonica were trained to peck a key differentially to identify clear /da

Holt, Lori L.

217

Rapid Prototyping Integrated With Nondestructive Evaluation and Finite Element Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Most reverse engineering approaches involve imaging or digitizing an object then creating a computerized reconstruction that can be integrated, in three dimensions, into a particular design environment. Rapid prototyping (RP) refers to the practical ability to build high-quality physical prototypes directly from computer aided design (CAD) files. Using rapid prototyping, full-scale models or patterns can be built using a variety of materials in a fraction of the time required by more traditional prototyping techniques (refs. 1 and 2). Many software packages have been developed and are being designed to tackle the reverse engineering and rapid prototyping issues just mentioned. For example, image processing and three-dimensional reconstruction visualization software such as Velocity2 (ref. 3) are being used to carry out the construction process of three-dimensional volume models and the subsequent generation of a stereolithography file that is suitable for CAD applications. Producing three-dimensional models of objects from computed tomography (CT) scans is becoming a valuable nondestructive evaluation methodology (ref. 4). Real components can be rendered and subjected to temperature and stress tests using structural engineering software codes. For this to be achieved, accurate high-resolution images have to be obtained via CT scans and then processed, converted into a traditional file format, and translated into finite element models. Prototyping a three-dimensional volume of a composite structure by reading in a series of two-dimensional images generated via CT and by using and integrating commercial software (e.g. Velocity2, MSC/PATRAN (ref. 5), and Hypermesh (ref. 6)) is being applied successfully at the NASA Glenn Research Center. The building process from structural modeling to the analysis level is outlined in reference 7. Subsequently, a stress analysis of a composite cooling panel under combined thermomechanical loading conditions was performed to validate this process.

Abdul-Aziz, Ali; Baaklini, George Y.

2001-01-01

218

BUILDING AN ELECTRONIC JAPANESEENGLISH Monash University.  

E-print Network

1 #12; BUILDING AN ELECTRONIC JAPANESE­ENGLISH DICTIONARY J.W. Breen Monash University. June 22 electronic Japanese­English dictionary capable of use within a variety of search­and­display, electronic and charac­ ter dictionaries, or as a support package for read­ ing electronic text, by automatically

Breen, Jim

219

Fuelcell Prototype Locomotive  

SciTech Connect

An international industry-government consortium is developing a fuelcell hybrid switcher locomotive for commercial railway applications and power-to-grid generation applications. The current phase of this on-going project addresses the practicalities of on-board hydrogen storage, fuelcell technology, and hybridity, all with an emphasis on commercially available products. Through practical evaluation using designs from Vehicle Projects’ Fuelcell-Powered Underground Mine Loader Project, the configuration of the fuelcell switcher locomotive changed from using metal-hydride hydrogen storage and a pure fuelcell power plant to using compressed hydrogen storage, a fuelcell-battery hybrid power plant, and fuelcell stack modules from Ballard Power Systems that have been extensively used in the Citaro bus program in Europe. The new overall design will now use a RailPower battery hybrid Green Goat™ as the locomotive platform. Keeping the existing lead-acid batteries, we will replace the 205 kW diesel gen-set with 225 kW of net fuelcell power, remove the diesel fuel tank, and place 14 compressed hydrogen cylinders, capable of storing 70 kg of hydrogen at 350 bar, on the roof. A detailed design with associated CAD models will allow a complete build of the fuelcell-battery hybrid switcher locomotive in the next funded phase.

David L. Barnes

2007-09-28

220

The next generation transit survey prototyping phase  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Next Generation Transit Survey (NGTS) is a new wide-field transiting exoplanet survey aimed at discovering Neptune and super-Earth size exoplanets around bright (V<13) nearby stars. NGTS consists of an array of 12 robotically operated telescopes observing in the 600-900 nm band. NGTS will survey more than five times the number of stars with V<13 than Kepler and will therefore provide the brightest targets for characterisation with existing and future instrumentation (VLT, E-ELT and JWST). In 2009/10, a prototype for NGTS was tested on La Palma, proving that such a system can meet our goals of essentially white noise limited photometry of bright stars, the results of which are summarised here. NGTS builds on the experience of the SuperWASP project, which, for many years, has lead the ground-based detection of transiting exoplanets.

McCormac, J.; Pollacco, P.; NGTS Consortium

2014-12-01

221

PERFORMANCE OF THE CEBAF PROTOTYPE CRYOMODULE RENASCENCE  

SciTech Connect

The prototype cryomodule Renascence was constructed as an energy building block for securing 6 GeV operation of CEBAF and to validate design elements for future CEBAF upgrade modules. These elements include the new “HG” and “LL” 7-cell cavity designs and a new tuner design.[1,2] Issues were identified during initial testing in 2005. The module has been reworked to address the issues with thermal stability, component breakage, and tuner motion. In addition, opportunity was taken to employ upgraded cleaning and assembly techniques for the cavity string. The HOM coupler heating issue was resolved, and seven of the eight cavities in the cryomodule have run stably at an average of 20 MV/m CW. The cryogenic, rf, and mechanical performance of the cryomodule are presented. Commissioning in CEBAF has just been completed in October 2007.

Charles Reece; Edward Daly; G. Davis; Michael Drury; William Hicks; Joseph Preble; Haipeng Wang

2008-02-12

222

Recognition of Japanese finger spelling gestures using neural networks.  

PubMed

Effective communication with the hearing and speech impaired often requires at least a basic working knowledge of sign language gestures, without which a memo pad and pen, or a mobile phone's notepad is indispensable. The aim of this study was to build a neural network that could be used to recognize static finger-hand gestures of the yubimoji, the Japanese sign language syllabary. To build the network, signal inputs from a data glove interface were taken for each of the static yubimoji gestures. The network was trained and tested 10 times using a multilayer perceptron model. Overall, only 18 of the 41 static gestures were successfully recognized. One of the reasons was attributed to the inability of the data glove to measure gesture directions particularly for yubimoji gestures with similar finger configurations. Future work will focus on these problems as well as the inclusion of dynamic yubimoji gestures. PMID:20143958

Machacon, H T C; Shiga, S

2010-05-01

223

A Confirmatory Model for Substance Use Among Japanese American and Part-Japanese American Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Few studies have examined the effect of ethnicity and cultural identity on substance use among Asian and Pacific Islander adolescents. A cross-sequential study conducted in Hawai'i with 144 Japanese American and part-Japanese American adolescents assessed a model integrating Japanese ethnicity, cultural identity, substance use, major life events, and social support. Japanese American adolescents scored higher on the Japanese Culture Scale and on the Peers’ Social Support than the part-Japanese American adolescents. Significant associations for substance use and impairment included culturally intensified events and Japanese cultural identity- behavior subset. Models had good overall fits and suggested that conflict surrounding cultural identity may contribute to substance use. PMID:23480213

Williams, John Kino Yamaguchi; Else, 'Iwalani R. N.; Goebert, Deborah A.; Nishimura, Stephanie T.; Hishinuma, Earl S.; Andrade, Naleen N.

2013-01-01

224

Acculturation of Personality: A Three-Culture Study of Japanese, Japanese Americans, and European Americans  

PubMed Central

The present study tests the hypothesis that involvement with a new culture instigates changes in personality of immigrants that result in (a) better fit with the norms of the culture of destination and (b) reduced fit with the norms of the culture of origin. Participants were 40 Japanese first-generation immigrants to the United States, 57 Japanese monoculturals, and 60 U.S. monoculturals. All participants completed the Jackson Personality Inventory (JPI) as a measure of the Big Five; immigrants completed the Japanese American Acculturation Scale. Immigrants’ fits with the cultures of destination and origin were calculated by correlating Japanese American mothers’ patterns of ratings on the Big Five with the average patterns of ratings of European Americans and Japanese on the same personality dimensions. Japanese Americans became more “American” and less “Japanese” in their personality as they reported higher participation in the U.S. culture. The results support the view that personality can be subject to cultural influence. PMID:23935211

Güngör, Derya; Bornstein, Marc H.; De Leersnyder, Jozefien; Cote, Linda; Ceulemans, Eva; Mesquita, Batja

2013-01-01

225

Japanese and American Education: Attitudes and Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Continuing concern regarding the quality and future of education in both America and Japan prompts many comparisons of their nation's educational systems. Chapter 1, "Japanese Schools' Higher Achievement, Literacy, Efficiency, Discipline, Classroom Management, and Strengths of Civilization," attempts to explain the superior performance of Japanese

Wray, Harry

226

Analysis on nationality of Japanese Anime color  

Microsoft Academic Search

As an independent visual language, colour is an important modelling elements and narrative means in the animation. As an independent aesthetic object, colour has a rich aesthetic symbolic meaning in Japanese aesthetics. The significant ethnic characteristics of Japanese Anime are unique in the world. The Anime designers are adept in combining deep images of traditional colour system and animation design

Wenhui Cheng

2009-01-01

227

Development of Japanese green tea serving robot \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the amount of consumption of Japan green tea is increasing in recent years, the person who drinks green tea in traditional manners of Japanese green tea has decreased. Many consumers are drinking the commercial green tea in a beverage PET bottle. This paper introduces the automatic Japanese greed tea serving robot \\

Tadashi Masuda; Daigo Misaki

2005-01-01

228

Robotization in the Japanese automotive industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the robotization of the Japanese automotive industry. The automotive industry is still the major segment of the industrial robot market in Japan. At the moment, however, annual shipments of industrial robots to the industry are at only 60 per cent of the peak in 1991. This reflects the struggling Japanese economy and low capital investment in domestic car production.

Yoshihiro Kusuda

1999-01-01

229

Japanese-Style Management: A Bibliometric Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports results of a bibliometric study of the literature on Japanese-style management published in western languages from 1971-84 in order to: (1) determine Japanese contributions to the literature; (2) determine whether there are nuclear journals for the subject; and (3) investigate how the flow of information from Japan to overseas countries…

Noguchi, Sachie

1988-01-01

230

Numeral Incorporation in Japanese Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the morphological process of numeral incorporation in Japanese Sign Language. Numeral incorporation is defined and the available research on numeral incorporation in signed language is discussed. The numeral signs in Japanese Sign Language are then introduced and followed by an explanation of the numeral morphemes which are…

Ktejik, Mish

2013-01-01

231

JAPANESE BROME IMPACTS NORTHERN GREAT PLAINS RANGELAND  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Japanese brome (Bromus japonicus Thunb.) is an annual grass that has invaded thousands of hectares of Northern Great Plains rangelands. We studied the effect of Japanese brome on the current year's increase in biomass in a plant community in the Northern Great Plains dominated by western wheatgrass...

232

Sex Differences in Japanese Work Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Work values influence economic productivity of individuals and families worldwide. Since Japan's recent technological and economic productivity and growth have been phenomenal, a study was conducted to compare contemporary Japanese men's and women's work related values and beliefs. Work values questionnaires were distributed to over 900 Japanese

Engel, John W.

233

Classroom Silence: Voices from Japanese EFL Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores Japanese EFL learners' classroom silence in a Japanese EFL context. The existence of silence in second language learning contexts can be a source of conflict between students and teachers and even among students themselves. It can also be an obstacle to acquiring the target language. In order to tackle this problem and to…

Harumi, Seiko

2011-01-01

234

The Japanese American Cases—A Disaster  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our war-time treatment of Japanese aliens and citizens of Japanese descent on the West Coast has been hasty, unnecessary and mistaken. The course of action which we undertook was in no way required or justified by the circumstances of the war. It was calculated to produce both individual injustice and deep-seated social maladjustments of a cumulative and sinister kind. All

Eugene V. Rostow

1945-01-01

235

Japanese Management Progress: Mobility Into Middle Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Management development systems in the leading Japanese corporations have produced executives and managers who are commonly acknowledged to be among the best in the world. How these systems operate is not well understood. In this investigation of the 13-year career progress and current middle-management situation of 71 college graduates who entered a leading Japanese corporation at the same time, university

Mitsuru Wakabayashi; George Graen; Michael Graen; Martin Graen

1988-01-01

236

Japanese structural ceramics research and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japanese work on structural ceramics is reviewed in comparison with work in the United States. Key organizations involved in planning and conducting ceramics research and development are presented along with national plans for ceramics research. General themes including the Japanese commitment to ceramics and their approach to marketing and product development are discussed. Specific families of ceramic materials (silicon carbide,

J. B. Jr. Wachtman; R. C. Bradt; R. F. Davis; R. Raj; D. W. Richerson; N. J. Tighe; B. L. Mckenney; M. Mcgrain; R. G. Taub

1989-01-01

237

Examining posttraumatic growth among Japanese university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

To determine the underlying factor structure of the Japanese version of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI-J), a principal components analysis was performed on data from 312 Japanese undergraduate students who reported growth due to their most traumatic event within the last 5 years. Results showed the PTGI-J has high internal consistency and, of the original five factors reported by Tedeschi

Kanako Taku; Lawrence G. Calhoun; Richard G. Tedeschi; Virginia Gil-Rivas; Ryan P. Kilmer; Arnie Cann

2007-01-01

238

The Art of Japanese Masks and Kimonos  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Japanese masks have been worn for a number of reasons. In the past they were often used in plays and celebrations. Today in Japan, social masks are essential in many party gatherings as a form of expressing one's personality. In this article, the author describes an art project wherein students created Japanese masks and kimonos.

Brooks, Nancy Johnston

2009-01-01

239

Japanese Children's Understanding of Notational Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined Japanese children's understanding of two Japanese notational systems: "hiragana" and "kanji". In three experiments, 126 3- to 6-year-olds were asked to name words written in hiragana or kanji as they appeared with different pictures. Consistent with Bialystok ("Journal of Experimental Child Psychology," 2000, Vol. 76, pp.…

Takahashi, Noboru

2012-01-01

240

Argumentative Strategies in American and Japanese English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined differences in argumentative strategies in Japanese and American English by analyzing English essays on capital punishment written by 22 American high school seniors and 30 Japanese college sophomores. Differences were found in the organizational patterns, content and use of rational appeals, preference for type of diction, and…

Kamimura, Taeko; Oi, Kyoko

1998-01-01

241

Interpersonal Mistrust and Unhappiness among Japanese People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our main objective in this paper is to evaluate the possible association between interpersonal mistrust and unhappiness among Japanese people. Based on cross-sectional data for the Japanese general population from the Asia Barometer Survey (2003-2006), we analyzed the relationship between interpersonal mistrust and unhappiness using a logistic…

Tokuda, Yasuharu; Inoguchi, Takashi

2008-01-01

242

The Strategies Used in Japanese Advertisement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the possibility of using Japanese advertising language as a teaching tool in the second language classroom. First, it reviews the aims of advertising and the advantages of learning advertising language in the classroom based on previous research. Next, it discusses language strategies used in Japanese advertising,…

Kurose, Yuki

243

Respect in Japanese Childhood, Adolescence, and Society  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The meaning of respect changed historically in postwar Japan, and respect as a concept is important yet unnoticed in postmodern Japanese society. Contrary to the perception of Japanese socialization as instilling conformist respect and obedience in children and adolescents, this chapter shows why one commentator predicts that Japan may be changing…

Sugie, Shuji; Shwalb, David W.; Shwalb, Barbara J.

2006-01-01

244

User-Centered Design Proposals for Prototyping Haptic User Interfaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

The range of applications for haptic user interfaces is wide, but although haptics offer unique qualities to user interfaces,\\u000a the rate of adoption and implementation of haptics in commercialized products is relatively low. The challenges of building\\u000a low-cost flexible prototypes with haptics in the early stages of product development are believed to be a contributing factor\\u000a to this. This paper

Hans V. Bjelland; Kristian Tangeland

2007-01-01

245

Science with the ASTRI prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ASTRI (Astrofisica a Specchi con Tecnologia Replicante Italiana) is a "Flagship Project" financed by the Italian Ministry of Instruction, University and Research and led by the Italian National Institute of Astrophysics. It represents the Italian proposal for the development of the Small Size Telescope system of the Cherenkov Telescope Array, the next generation observatory for Very High Energy gamma-rays (20 GeV - 100 TeV). The ASTRI end-to-end prototype will be installed at Serra La Nave (Catania, Italy) and it will see the first light at the beginning of 2014. We describe the expected performance of the prototype on few selected test cases of the northern emisphere. The aim of the prototype is to probe the technological solutions and the nominal performance of the various telescope's subsystems.

Sartore, Nicola

2013-06-01

246

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-print Network

Building School Offices A Biological Sciences B Chemistry and Chemical Engineering C Education D and Biomedical Sciences P Music and Sonic Arts Q Nursing and Midwifery R Pharmacy S Planning, Architecture (Student Accommodation) 5 Harty Room, School of Music 26 Health Sciences Building 3 Human Resources 11

Müller, Jens-Dominik

247

Spectroscopic Radiation Portal Monitor Prototype  

SciTech Connect

A spectroscopic radiation portal monitor (SPM) prototype consisting of four 10.16 cm x 10.16 cm x 40.64 cm (4”x4”x16”) sodium iodide (NaI) crystals has been constructed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The prototype was put through a variety of tests, including measurements of the absolute detection efficiency of unshielded sources and the detection efficiency and isotopic identification capability of the detector for shielded isotopic sources. The portal’s response to various types of cargo and source configurations was also studied. The results of these tests are presented in this report.

McCormick, Kathleen R.; Stromswold, David C.; Ely, James H.; Schweppe, John E.; Kouzes, Richard T.

2005-10-23

248

Sparse distributed memory prototype: Principles of operation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Sparse distributed memory is a generalized random access memory (RAM) for long binary words. Such words can be written into and read from the memory, and they can be used to address the memory. The main attribute of the memory is sensitivity to similarity, meaning that a word can be read back not only by giving the original right address but also by giving one close to it as measured by the Hamming distance between addresses. Large memories of this kind are expected to have wide use in speech and scene analysis, in signal detection and verification, and in adaptive control of automated equipment. The memory can be realized as a simple, massively parallel computer. Digital technology has reached a point where building large memories is becoming practical. The research is aimed at resolving major design issues that have to be faced in building the memories. The design of a prototype memory with 256-bit addresses and from 8K to 128K locations for 256-bit words is described. A key aspect of the design is extensive use of dynamic RAM and other standard components.

Flynn, Michael J.; Kanerva, Pentti; Ahanin, Bahram; Bhadkamkar, Neal; Flaherty, Paul; Hickey, Philip

1988-01-01

249

The Semantics and Pragmatics of Japanese Focus Particles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Japanese has a rich set of focus particles, several exclusive and additive particles, and, in addition, contrastive particles. This thesis provides a formal description of the meanings of Japanese focus particles and addresses two general questions: "What kinds concepts do Japanese focus particles express?" and "Why does Japanese have a larger…

Hasegawa, Akio

2011-01-01

250

A Comparison of Japanese and American Work and Family Values.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, both American and Japanese people have experienced dramatic changes in the world of work. To compare Japanese and American work ethics and attitudes toward women's employment, Japanese and English versions of the Work/Family Ethic questionnaire were completed by 205 middle-aged Japanese and American adults. An analysis of the…

Engel, John W.

251

Do the Japanese Know How to Tell Time?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on time aspect in modern Japanese fiction as presented in Masao Miyoshi's book on Japanese fiction, "Accomplices of Silence, The Modern Japanese Novel." Miyoshi's claims, that Japanese has no clearly established tense and that forms of past and present are interchanged, are discussed. (SC)

Miller, Roy Andrew

1975-01-01

252

Science Nation: Japanese Quake Test  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Colorado State University engineer John van de Lindt leads a team that's developing new ways to build mid-rise, wood-frame buildings that can stand up to earthquakes. In many earthquake-prone areas of the U.S., wood-frame buildings taller than three stories are uncommon--and building codes generally limit such construction to just four stories. Van de Lindt hopes validation of the new design techniques could safely push those building codes to six stories, or even taller. To test their new design, the team turned to E-Defense, a remote shake table facility in Miki City, Japan. The event was the grand finale in a series of shake tests on wood structures funded by the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES).

253

Building an Intelligent Water Information System - American River Prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With better management, California's existing water supplies could go further to meeting the needs of the state's urban and agricultural uses. For example, California's water reservoirs are currently controlled and regulated using forecasts based upon more than 75 years of historical data. In the face of global climate change, these forecasts are becoming increasingly inadequate to precisely manage water resources. We propose implementing Leveraging the newest frontiers of information technology, we are developing a basin-scale real-time intelligent water infrastructure system that enables more information-intensive decision support. The complete system is made up of four key components. First, a strategically deployed ground-observation system will complement satellite measurements and provide continuous and accurate estimates of snowpack, soil moisture, vegetation state and energy balance across watersheds. Using our recently developed but mature technologies, we deliver measurements of hydrologic variables over a multi- tiered network of wireless sensor arrays, with a granularity of time and space previously unheard of. Second, satellite and aircraft remote sensing provide the only practical means of spatially continuous basin-wide measurement and monitoring of snow properties, vegetation characteristics and other watershed conditions. The ground-based system is designed to blend with remote sensing data on Sierra Nevada snow properties, and provide value-added products of unprecedented spatial detail and accuracy that are useable on a watershed level. Third, together the satellite and ground-based data make possible the updating of forecast tools, and routine use of physically based hydrologic models. The decision-support framework will provide tools to extract and visualize information of interest from the measured and modeled data, to assess uncertainties, and to optimize operations. Fourth, the advanced cyber infrastructure blends and transforms the numbers recorded by sensors into information in the form that is useful for decision-making. In a sense it 'monetizes' the data. It is the cyber infrastructure that links measurements, data processing, models and users. System software must provide flexibility for multiple types of access from user queries to automated and direct links with analysis tools and decision-support systems. We are currently installing a basin-scale ground-based sensor network focusing on measurements of snowpack, solar radiation, temperature, rH and soil moisture across the American River basin. Although this is a research network, it also provides core elements of a full ground-based operational system.

Glaser, S. D.; Bales, R. C.; Conklin, M. H.

2013-12-01

254

Prototype material properties data network  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Scientific Information Research Program (SIRP) is a cooperative program initiated by the National Bureau of Standards and the Department of Energy to develop a prototype, computerized information network. Subsequent support has been provided by the National Aeronautical and Space Administration and the Department of Defense. A group of engineers and scientists were selected from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Los

C. J. M. Jr. Northrup; J. L. McCarthy; J. H. Westbrook; W. Grattidge

1986-01-01

255

IAMC Framework Architecture and Prototyping  

E-print Network

· Architecture overview · Dragonfly ­ an IAMC client prototype · MCP ­ mathematical computation protocol · Math engines to IAMC servers. ISSAC2001-5 #12;I C M ' & $ Dragonfly Functionalities · Connect2001-7 #12;I C M ' & $ Dragonfly Implementation · Written in Java · Swing to implement the GUI

256

Prototype of calorimetric flow microsensor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An analytical model of calorimetric flow sensor has been developed. The results of the application of this model are utilized to develop a calorimetric flow microsensor with optimal functional characteristics. The technology to manufacture the microsensor is described. A prototype of the microsensor suitable to be used in the mass air flow meter has been designed. The basic characteristics of the microsensor are presented.

Sazhin, Oleg

2012-11-01

257

Rapid Prototyping Enters Mainstream Manufacturing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains rapid prototyping, a process that uses computer-assisted design files to create a three-dimensional object automatically, speeding the industrial design process. Five commercially available systems and two emerging types--the 3-D printing process and repetitive masking and depositing--are described. (SK)

Winek, Gary

1996-01-01

258

A Retrofit Tool for Improving Energy Efficiency of Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect

Existing buildings will dominate energy use in commercial buildings in the United States for three decades or longer and even in China for the about two decades. Retrofitting these buildings to improve energy efficiency and reduce energy use is thus critical to achieving the target of reducing energy use in the buildings sector. However there are few evaluation tools that can quickly identify and evaluate energy savings and cost effectiveness of energy conservation measures (ECMs) for retrofits, especially for buildings in China. This paper discusses methods used to develop such a tool and demonstrates an application of the tool for a retrofit analysis. The tool builds on a building performance database with pre-calculated energy consumption of ECMs for selected commercial prototype buildings using the EnergyPlus program. The tool allows users to evaluate individual ECMs or a package of ECMs. It covers building envelope, lighting and daylighting, HVAC, plug loads, service hot water, and renewable energy. The prototype building can be customized to represent an actual building with some limitations. Energy consumption from utility bills can be entered into the tool to compare and calibrate the energy use of the prototype building. The tool currently can evaluate energy savings and payback of ECMs for shopping malls in China. We have used the tool to assess energy and cost savings for retrofit of the prototype shopping mall in Shanghai. Future work on the tool will simplify its use and expand it to cover other commercial building types and other countries.

Levine, Mark; Feng, Wei; Ke, Jing; Hong, Tianzhen; Zhou, Nan

2013-06-06

259

Integration and evaluation of a simulator designed to be used within a dynamic prototyping environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The human computer interface (HCI) prototyping environment is designed to allow developers to rapidly prototype systems so that the interface and functionality of a system can be evaluated and iteratively refined early in the development process. This keeps development costs down by modifying the interface during the requirements definition phase, thus minimizing changes that need to be made during and after flight code development. Problems occur within a system when the user interface is not adequately developed and when designers and developers have an incomplete understanding of the system requirements. A process has been developed for prototyping on-board payload displays for Space Station Freedom. This prototyping process consists of five phases: identification of known requirements, analysis of the requirements, development of a formal design representation and specification, development of the prototype, and evaluation of the prototype. The actual development of the prototype involves prototyping the displays, developing a low fidelity simulator, building of an interface (or communication) between the displays and the simulator, integration of these components, and testing to ensure that the interface does what the developer expects. This research integrates and evaluates a software tool which has been developed to serve as a simulator within the prototyping environment. The tool is being evaluated to determine whether or not it meets the basic requirements which are needed for a low fidelity simulator within this environment. In order to evaluate the architecture and its components, a human computer interface for and a simulator of an automobile have been developed as a prototype. The individual components (i.e., the interface and simulator) have been developed, and the current research was designed to integrate and test the complete working system within the prototyping environment. The following sections will describe the architecture and components of the rapid prototyping environment, the development of a system to assess the environment, and the integration and evaluation of PERCNET.

Moore, Loretta A.

1993-01-01

260

Neonatal abandonment in Japanese macaques.  

PubMed

This study analyzed long-term demographic data relative to a captive colony of Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) in order to evaluate factors predicting increased probability of infant neonatal abandonment. Overall, 7.7% of liveborn infants were abandoned at birth. Probability of abandonment was significantly increased in primiparous and, to a lesser extent, low-ranking mothers. Primiparous mothers abandoned about 40% of their infants at birth. Mother age and infant sex had no independent effects on the probability of neonatal abandonment. Primiparous mothers that did not abandon their infants suffered increased infant mortality and showed longer interbirth intervals compared to same-age multiparous mothers. These results are partially consistent with adaptive hypotheses predicting maternal divestment under unfavorable conditions, and with proximate explanations linking abandonment to inexperience and stress. PMID:15386294

Schino, Gabriele; Troisi, Alfonso

2005-04-01

261

A failure management prototype: DR/Rx  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This failure management prototype performs failure diagnosis and recovery management of hierarchical, distributed systems. The prototype, which evolved from a series of previous prototypes following a spiral model for development, focuses on two functions: (1) the diagnostic reasoner (DR) performs integrated failure diagnosis in distributed systems; and (2) the recovery expert (Rx) develops plans to recover from the failure. Issues related to expert system prototype design and the previous history of this prototype are discussed. The architecture of the current prototype is described in terms of the knowledge representation and functionality of its components.

Hammen, David G.; Baker, Carolyn G.; Kelly, Christine M.; Marsh, Christopher A.

1991-01-01

262

Japanese Lifestyle during Childhood Prevents the Future Development of Obesity among Japanese-Americans  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate whether a Japanese lifestyle during childhood could protect against the future development of obesity-associated metabolic diseases by comparing native Japanese with Japanese-Americans in whom genetic factors are the same. Methods Study subjects were 516 native Japanese and 781 Japanese-Americans who underwent medical examinations between 2007 and 2010. Japanese-Americans were divided into 444 first-generation immigrants (JA-1), who were born in Japan, and 337 second- or later-generation descendants (JA-2), who were born in the United States. The JA-2 group was then divided into the kibei subgroup (N = 79), who had moved to Japan before the age of 18 years and later returned to the United States, and the non-kibei subgroup (N = 258), who had never lived in Japan. Results The JA-2 group had the highest percentages of obesity, metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes compared with native Japanese and JA-1. Furthermore, among JA-2, the prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome in the kibei subgroup was significantly lower than that in the non-kibei subgroup. The prevalence of diabetes in the kibei subgroup also tended to be lower than in the non-kibei subgroup. Conclusions The prevalence of obesity and metabolic diseases differed with residence in Japan during childhood among Japanese-Americans. These findings indicate the possibility that Japanese lifestyle during childhood could reduce the future risks for obesity-associated metabolic diseases. PMID:25807391

Shiwa, Mami; Yoneda, Masayasu; Nakanishi, Shuhei; Oki, Kenji; Yamane, Kiminori; Kohno, Nobuoki

2015-01-01

263

FORESTRY BUILDING: BUILDING EMERGENCY PLAN  

E-print Network

FORESTRY BUILDING: BUILDING EMERGENCY PLAN Date Adopted: August 18, 2009 Date Revised June 17, 2013 Prepared By: Diana Evans and Jennifer Meyer #12;PURDUE UNIVERSITY BUILDING EMERGENCY PLAN VERSION 3 2 Table Suspension or Campus Closure SECTION 3: BUILDING INFORMATION 3.1 Building Deputy/Alternate Building Deputy

264

Remembering Aborted Foetuses in a Japanese Shrine  

E-print Network

In a shrine beside a temple in Kyoto there are a large number of small effigies. They commemorate aborted foetuses. In the absence of proper contraception, the Japanese for centuries have had to use abortion and, in the past, infanticide...

Macfarlane, Alan

2004-07-29

265

Online Sources of Japanese Information. . . A Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses online systems and databases that contain information on Japanese business and economic activity. A reference chart provides the name, address, coverage dates, and costs of major online sources. (CLB)

Dorman, Phae H.

1987-01-01

266

BUILDING NAME HEYDON-LAURENCE BUILDING  

E-print Network

BUILDING NAME HEYDON-LAURENCE BUILDING PHARMACY AND BANK BUILDING JOHN WOOLEY BUILDING OLD TEARCHER'S BUILDING PHYSICS BUILDING BAXTER'S LODGE INSTITUTE BUILDING CONSERVATION WORKS R.D.WATT BUILDING MACLEAY BUILDING THE QUARANGLE BADHAM BUILDING J.D. STEWART BUILDING BLACKBURN BUILDING MADSEN BUILDING STORE

Viglas, Anastasios

267

Size Frequency Distribution of Japanese Given Names  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The size frequency distribution of Japanese given names is analyzed. A power law behavior is observed in a small size range with an exponent smaller than 2, which is close to that of Japanese family names. A similar tendency is observed in the cases of names in other countries. A Galton--Watson-type model with a generalized Yule process combined with an Exclusion Principle in Family (EPiF) is suggested.

Hayakawa, Ryo; Fukuoka, Yuta; Mizuguchi, Tsuyoshi

2012-09-01

268

Rapid prototyping gains speed, volume and precision  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identifies trends in the rapid prototyping market worldwide, reports on new rapid prototyping techniques, reviews the latest developments in 3D printers, highlights new metal spraying and direct metal deposition processes.

Anna Kochan

2000-01-01

269

Use of Building Automation System Trend Data for Inputs Generation in Bottom-Up Simulation Calibration  

E-print Network

for analysis and use in simulation is very large. This paper explores automating the process of generating inputs from Building Automation System (BAS) trend data for use in building simulation software. A proof-of-concept prototype called the Automatic...

Zibin, N. F.; Zmeureanu, R. G.; Love, J. A.

2013-01-01

270

Test report -- Prototype core sampler  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this test is to determine the adequacy of the prototype sampler, provided to Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) by DOE-RL. The sampler was fabricated for DOE-RL by the Concord Company by request of DOE-RL. This prototype sampler was introduced as a technology that can be easily deployed (similar to the current auger system) and will reliably collect representative samples. The sampler is similar to the Universal Sampler i.e., smooth core barrel and piston with an O-ring seal, but lacks a rotary valve near the throat of the sampler. This makes the sampler inappropriate for liquid sampling, but reduces the outside diameter of the sampler considerably, which should improve sample recovery. Recovery testing was performed with the supplied sampler in three different consistencies of Kaolin sludge simulants.

Linschooten, C.G.

1995-01-17

271

A prototype photovoltaic/thermal system integrated with transpired collector  

SciTech Connect

Building-integrated photovoltaic/thermal (BIPV/T) systems may be utilized to produce useful heat while simultaneously generating electricity from the same building envelope surface. A well known highly efficient collector is the open-loop unglazed transpired collector (UTC) which consists of dark porous cladding through which outdoor air is drawn and heated by absorbed solar radiation. Commercially available photovoltaic systems typically produce electricity with efficiencies up to about 18%. Thus, it is beneficial to obtain much of the normally wasted heat from the systems, possibly by combining UTC with photovoltaics. Combination of BIPV/T and UTC systems for building facades is considered in this paper - specifically, the design of a prototype facade-integrated photovoltaic/thermal system with transpired collector (BIPV/T). A full scale prototype is constructed with 70% of UTC area covered with PV modules specially designed to enhance heat recovery and compared to a UTC of the same area under outdoor sunny conditions with low wind. The orientation of the corrugations in the UTC is horizontal and the black-framed modules are attached so as to facilitate flow into the UTC plenum. While the overall combined thermal efficiency of the UTC is higher than that of the BIPV/T system, the value of the generated energy - assuming that electricity is at least four times more valuable than heat - is between 7% and 17% higher. Also, the electricity is always useful while the heat is usually utilized only in the heating season. The BIPV/T concept is applied to a full scale office building demonstration project in Montreal, Canada. The ratio of photovoltaic area coverage of the UTC may be selected based on the fresh air heating needs of the building, the value of the electricity generated and the available building surfaces. (author)

Athienitis, Andreas K.; Bambara, James; O'Neill, Brendan; Faille, Jonathan [Dept. of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Concordia University, 1455 Maisonneuve W., Montreal, Quebec (Canada)

2011-01-15

272

An approach for assessing software prototypes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A procedure for evaluating a software prototype is presented. The need to assess the prototype itself arises from the use of prototyping to demonstrate the feasibility of a design or development stategy. The assessment procedure can also be of use in deciding whether to evolve a prototype into a complete system. The procedure consists of identifying evaluations criteria, defining alterative design approaches, and ranking the alternatives according to the criteria.

Church, V. E.; Card, D. N.; Agresti, W. W.; Jordan, Q. L.

1986-01-01

273

Prototype Morphing Fan Nozzle Demonstrated  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Ongoing research in NASA Glenn Research Center's Structural Mechanics and Dynamics Branch to develop smart materials technologies for aeropropulsion structural components has resulted in the design of the prototype morphing fan nozzle shown in the photograph. This prototype exploits the potential of smart materials to significantly improve the performance of existing aircraft engines by introducing new inherent capabilities for shape control, vibration damping, noise reduction, health monitoring, and flow manipulation. The novel design employs two different smart materials, a shape-memory alloy and magnetorheological fluids, to reduce the nozzle area by up to 30 percent. The prototype of the variable-area fan nozzle implements an overlapping spring leaf assembly to simplify the initial design and to provide ease of structural control. A single bundle of shape memory alloy wire actuators is used to reduce the nozzle geometry. The nozzle is subsequently held in the reduced-area configuration by using magnetorheological fluid brakes. This prototype uses the inherent advantages of shape memory alloys in providing large induced strains and of magnetorheological fluids in generating large resistive forces. In addition, the spring leaf design also functions as a return spring, once the magnetorheological fluid brakes are released, to help force the shape memory alloy wires to return to their original position. A computerized real-time control system uses the derivative-gain and proportional-gain algorithms to operate the system. This design represents a novel approach to the active control of high-bypass-ratio turbofan engines. Researchers have estimated that such engines will reduce thrust specific fuel consumption by 9 percent over that of fixed-geometry fan nozzles. This research was conducted under a cooperative agreement (NCC3-839) at the University of Akron.

Lee, Ho-Jun; Song, Gang-Bing

2004-01-01

274

The Cornell ERL prototype project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Synchrotron light sources based on Energy Recovery Linacs (ERLs) show promise to deliver X-ray beams with both brilliance and X-ray pulse duration far superior to the values that can be achieved with storage ring technology. Cornell University, in collaboration with Jefferson Laboratory, has proposed the construction of a prototype ERL. This 100MeV, 100mA CW superconducting electron accelerator will be used

G. H. Hoffstaetter; B. Barstow; Ivan Bazarov; Sergey Belomestnykh; Don Bilderback; Sol Gruner; M. Liepe; H. Padamsee; D. Sagan; V. Shemelin; C. Sinclair; Richard Talman; Maury Tigner; V. Veshcherevich; Geoffrey Krafft; L. Merminga

2003-01-01

275

Results from the NEXT prototypes  

E-print Network

NEXT-100 is an electroluminescent high pressure Time Projection Chamber currently under construction. It will search for the neutrino-less double beta decay in 136Xe at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory. NEXT-100 aims to achieve nearly intrinsic energy resolution and to highly suppress background events by taking advantage of the unique properties of xenon in the gaseous phase as the detection medium. In order to prove the principle of operation and to study which are the best operational conditions, two prototypes were constructed: NEXT-DEMO and NEXT-DBDM. In this paper we present the latest results from both prototypes. We report the improvement in terms of light collection (?~3x?) achieved by coating the walls of NEXT-DEMO with tetraphenyl butadiene (TPB), the outstanding energy resolution of 1 % (Full Width Half Maximum) from NEXT-DBDM as well as the tracking capabilities of this prototype (2.1 mm RMS error for point-like depositions) achieved by using a square array of 8x8 SiPMs.

C. A. B. Oliveira; on Behalf of the NEXT Collaboration

2013-02-15

276

Results from the NEXT prototypes  

E-print Network

NEXT-100 is an electroluminescent high pressure Time Projection Chamber currently under construction. It will search for the neutrino-less double beta decay in 136Xe at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory. NEXT-100 aims to achieve nearly intrinsic energy resolution and to highly suppress background events by taking advantage of the unique properties of xenon in the gaseous phase as the detection medium. In order to prove the principle of operation and to study which are the best operational conditions, two prototypes were constructed: NEXT-DEMO and NEXT-DBDM. In this paper we present the latest results from both prototypes. We report the improvement in terms of light collection (?~3x?) achieved by coating the walls of NEXT-DEMO with tetraphenyl butadiene (TPB), the outstanding energy resolution of 1 % (Full Width Half Maximum) from NEXT-DBDM as well as the tracking capabilities of this prototype (2.1 mm RMS error for point-like depositions) achieved by using a square array of 8x8 SiPMs.

Oliveira, C A B

2013-01-01

277

Results from the NEXT prototypes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NEXT-100 is an electroluminescent high pressure Time Projection Chamber currently under construction. It will search for the neutrino-less double beta decay in 136Xe at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory. NEXT-100 aims to achieve nearly intrinsic energy resolution and to highly suppress background events by taking advantage of the unique properties of xenon in the gaseous phase as the detection medium. In order to prove the principle of operation and to study which are the best operational conditions, two prototypes were constructed: NEXT-DEMO and NEXT-DBDM. In this paper we present the latest results from both prototypes. We report the improvement in terms of light collection (~ 3×) achieved by coating the walls of NEXT-DEMO with tetraphenyl butadiene (TPB), the outstanding energy resolution of 1 % (Full Width Half Maximum) from NEXT-DBDM as well as the tracking capabilities of this prototype (2.1 mm RMS error for point-like depositions) achieved by using a square array of 8 × 8 SiPMs.

Oliveira, C. A. B.; NEXT Collaboration

2013-10-01

278

Majorana Thermosyphon Prototype Experimental Results  

SciTech Connect

Objective The Majorana demonstrator will operate at liquid Nitrogen temperatures to ensure optimal spectrometric performance of its High Purity Germanium (HPGe) detector modules. In order to transfer the heat load of the detector module, the Majorana demonstrator requires a cooling system that will maintain a stable liquid nitrogen temperature. This cooling system is required to transport the heat from the detector chamber outside the shield. One approach is to use the two phase liquid-gas equilibrium to ensure constant temperature. This cooling technique is used in a thermosyphon. The thermosyphon can be designed so the vaporization/condensing process transfers heat through the shield while maintaining a stable operating temperature. A prototype of such system has been built at PNNL. This document presents the experimental results of the prototype and evaluates the heat transfer performance of the system. The cool down time, temperature gradient in the thermosyphon, and heat transfer analysis are studied in this document with different heat load applied to the prototype.

Fast, James E.; Reid, Douglas J.; Aguayo Navarrete, Estanislao

2010-12-17

279

Garment Human Modeling Approach Using Prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper discusses a techniques method based on prototypes for generating controllable human body models. Users are assisted in modifying an existing one by controlling the parameters provided. The prototypes from the Poser and 3D Max is preprocessed as templates. The modeling method learns from these prototypes the correlation between the parameters and the body geometry. After this learning process

Liu Zhengdong; Zhao Yingnan

2009-01-01

280

Arduino: An Open Electronics Prototyping Platform  

E-print Network

Arduino: An Open Electronics Prototyping Platform Abstract Arduino is a platform for prototyping interactive objects using electronics. It consists of both hardware and software: a circuit board that can There are many tools for prototyping with electronics, used for everything from new musical instruments

Herr, Hugh

281

Sign language communication between Japanese-Korean and Japanese-Portuguese using CG animation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a sign language communication between different languages such as Japanese-Korean and Japanese-Portuguese using computer graphics (CG) animation of sign language based on the intelligent image communication method. For this purpose sign language animation is produced using gesture or text data expressing sign language. In the production process of CG animation of sign language, MATLAB and LIFO language are

Yoshinao Aoki; Ricardo Mitsumori; Jincan Li; Alexander Burger

1998-01-01

282

Japanese Studies 10A First Year Japanese Course Syllabus Fall 2012  

E-print Network

are not available for Mac. #12;2 References/Recommended books (optional) · English Grammar for Students of Japanese. · A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar (Nihon-go Kihon Bunpoo Jiten) by Seiichi Makino and Michio Tsutsui. Class Activities Lecture (80-minute class on Tuesdays and Thursdays) · Grammar practice and grammar

Tsien, Roger Y.

283

Distributive Quantifier Scope in English-Japanese and Korean-Japanese Interlanguage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on an experimental investigation of knowledge of distributivity in nonnative (L2) Japanese learners whose first language (L1) is English or Korean. The availability of distributive scope in Japanese is modulated by word order and the semantic features of quantifiers. For English-speaking learners, these subtle interpretive…

Marsden, Heather

2009-01-01

284

Simulation in a dynamic prototyping environment: Petri nets or rules?  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An evaluation of a prototyped user interface is best supported by a simulation of the system. A simulation allows for dynamic evaluation of the interface rather than just a static evaluation of the screen's appearance. This allows potential users to evaluate both the look (in terms of the screen layout, color, objects, etc.) and feel (in terms of operations and actions which need to be performed) of a system's interface. Because of the need to provide dynamic evaluation of an interface, there must be support for producing active simulations. The high-fidelity training simulators are normally delivered too late to be effectively used in prototyping the displays. Therefore, it is important to build a low fidelity simulator, so that the iterative cycle of refining the human computer interface based upon a user's interactions can proceed early in software development.

Moore, Loretta A.; Price, Shannon W.; Hale, Joseph P.

1994-01-01

285

Simulation in a dynamic prototyping environment: Petri nets or rules?  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An evaluation of a prototyped user interface is best supported by a simulation of the system. A simulation allows for dynamic evaluation of the interface rather than just a static evaluation of the screen's appearance. This allows potential users to evaluate both the look (in terms of the screen layout, color, objects, etc.) and feel (in terms of operations and actions which need to be performed) of a system's interface. Because of the need to provide dynamic evaluation of an interface, there must be support for producing active simulations. The high-fidelity training simulators are delivered too late to be effectively used in prototyping the displays. Therefore, it is important to build a low fidelity simulator, so that the iterative cycle of refining the human computer interface based upon a user's interactions can proceed early in software development.

Moore, Loretta A.; Price, Shannon; Hale, Joseph P.

1994-01-01

286

BUILDING INSPECTION Building, Infrastructure, Transportation  

E-print Network

BUILDING INSPECTION Building, Infrastructure, Transportation City of Redwood City 1017 Middlefield Sacramento, Ca 95814-5514 Re: Green Building Ordinance and the Building Energy Efficiency Standards Per of Redwood City enforce the current Title 24 Building Energy Efficiency Standards as part

287

ANTARES: A Prototype Transient Broker System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Arizona-NOAO Temporal Analysis and Response to Events System (ANTARES) is a joint project of the National Optical Astronomy Observatory and the Department of Computer Science at the University of Arizona. The goal is to build the software infrastructure necessary to process and filter alerts produced by time-domain surveys, with the ultimate source of such alerts being the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST). ANTARES will add value to alerts by annotating them with information from external sources such as previous surveys from across the electromagnetic spectrum. In addition, the temporal history of annotated alerts will provide further annotation for analysis. These alerts will go through a cascade of filters to select interesting candidates. For the prototype, 'interesting' is defined as the rarest or most unusual alert, but future systems will accommodate multiple filtering goals. The system is designed to be flexible, allowing users to access the stream at multiple points throughout the process, and to insert custom filters where necessary. We will describe the basic architecture of ANTARES and the principles that will guide development and implementation.

Matheson, Thomas; Saha, A.; Snodgrass, R.; Kececioglu, J.

2014-01-01

288

ANTARES: a prototype transient broker system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Arizona-NOAO Temporal Analysis and Response to Events System (ANTARES) is a joint project of the National Optical Astronomy Observatory and the Department of Computer Science at the University of Arizona. The goal is to build the software infrastructure necessary to process and filter alerts produced by time-domain surveys, with the ultimate source of such alerts being the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST). The ANTARES broker will add value to alerts by annotating them with information from external sources such as previous surveys from across the electromagnetic spectrum. In addition, the temporal history of annotated alerts will provide further annotation for analysis. These alerts will go through a cascade of filters to select interesting candidates. For the prototype, `interesting' is defined as the rarest or most unusual alert, but future systems will accommodate multiple filtering goals. The system is designed to be flexible, allowing users to access the stream at multiple points throughout the process, and to insert custom filters where necessary. We describe the basic architecture of ANTARES and the principles that will guide development and implementation.

Saha, Abhijit; Matheson, Thomas; Snodgrass, Richard; Kececioglu, John; Narayan, Gautham; Seaman, Robert; Jenness, Tim; Axelrod, Tim

2014-07-01

289

A prototype Upper Atmospheric Research Collaboratory (UARC)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Collaboratory concept has great potential for enabling 'critical mass' working groups and highly interdisciplinary research projects. We report here on a new program to build a prototype collaboratory using the Sondrestrom Upper Atmospheric Research Facility in Kangerlussuaq, Greenland and a group of associated scientists. The Upper Atmospheric Research Collaboratory (UARC) is a joint venture of researchers in upper atmospheric and space science, computer science, and behavioral science to develop a testbed for collaborative remote research. We define the 'collaboratory' as an advanced information technology environment which enables teams to work together over distance and time on a wide variety of intellectual tasks. It provides: (1) human-to-human communications using shared computer tools and work spaces; (2) group access and use of a network of information, data, and knowledge sources; and (3) remote access and control of instruments for data acquisition. The UARC testbed is being implemented to support a distributed community of space scientists so that they have network access to the remote instrument facility in Kangerlussuaq and are able to interact among geographically distributed locations. The goal is to enable them to use the UARC rather than physical travel to Greenland to conduct team research campaigns. Even on short notice through the collaboratory from their home institutions, participants will be able to meet together to operate a battery of remote interactive observations and to acquire, process, and interpret the data.

Clauer, C. R.; Atkins, D. E; Weymouth, T. E.; Olson, G. M.; Niciejewski, R.; Finholt, T. A.; Prakash, A.; Rasmussen, C. E.; Killeen, T.; Rosenberg, T. J.

1995-01-01

290

An inductive reasoning approach for building system safety risk models of aviation accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

An inductive reasoning approach is employed to develop a prototype hybrid decision support tool whose main objective is to build probabilistic causal models representing the safety risk involved in aviation accidents. In this context, 15 aircraft accidents representative of five major accident types are selected to build an initial seed for the case?base of the prototype tool. Consequently, within each

Ahmet E. Oztekin; James T. Luxhøj

2010-01-01

291

A prototype Distributed Audit System  

SciTech Connect

Security auditing systems are used to detect and assess unauthorized or abusive system usage. Historically, security audits were confined to a single computer system. Recent work examines ways of extending auditing to include heterogeneous groups of computers (distributed system). This paper describes the design and prototype development of a Distributed Audit System (DAS) which was developed with funding received from Lawrence Livermore Laboratory and through the Master`s thesis effort performed by the author at California State University, Long Beach. The DAS is intended to provide collection, transfer, and control of audit data on distributed, heterogeneous hosts.

Banning, D.L. [Sparta, Inc., El Segundo, CA (United States)

1993-08-01

292

The ATLAS IBL BOC prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Pixel Detector of the ATLAS experiment at CERN will be upgraded with an Insertable B-Layer (IBL) in 2013. To handle the data readout the currently used VME card pairs consisting of a back of crate card (BOC) and a read out driver (ROD) are being redesigned. This paper presents details of the hardware design of the new BOC prototype, which takes advantage from modern FPGA technology and commercial optical modules and abandons the need for a variety of custom components used on the old card. Also the throughput is four times higher and additional features are implemented.

Schroer, N.

2011-12-01

293

Overseas projects finance by international institutions for Japanese construction firms  

E-print Network

This thesis analyzes the relationships between Japanese construction firms, and overseas projects financed by international institutions, such as the World Bank Group, United Nations, ADB, IDB, JBIC, and JICA. Japanese ...

Kojima, Masashi, 1968-

2004-01-01

294

New diversification strategies for the Japanese alcohol industry  

E-print Network

Japanese major alcoholic beverage companies, whose businesses are mainly the production and sale of beer products, stand at a strategic crossroads. There are several reasons: a slow decrease in the Japanese population, ...

Yoshimura, Toru, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01

295

Lure of the intimate : power practices in Japanese adolescent friendship  

E-print Network

such as eating disorders and fut?k?, young men and women mayeating disorders, attributes the phenomena of Japanese womeneating disorder etiology, Pike and Borovoy (2004) argue that these are protests by young Japanese women

Hallman, Heather Spector

2011-01-01

296

3. View of Japanese village, type C structure, facing eastsoutheast ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. View of Japanese village, type C structure, facing east-southeast - Nevada Test Site, Japanese Village, Type C Structure, Area 4, Yucca Flat, 4-04 Road near Rainier Mesa Road, Mercury, Nye County, NV

297

Rhetorical strategies of foreign executives in revitalizing Japanese global enterprise  

E-print Network

Carlos Ghosn of Nissan and Sir Howard Stringer of Sony are the first non-Japanese top executives of Japanese global enterprises. At the time they were appointed CEOs, both companies were in crisis: Nissan almost facing ...

Hatayama, Hiroaki

2010-01-01

298

Taste hyposensitivity in Japanese schoolchildren  

PubMed Central

Background There is some research on taste disorder/hyposensitivity in special groups such as the elderly or patients presenting with specific taste problems, however few studies have been conducted among young populations. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of taste hyposensitivity and to investigate the relationship between taste hyposensitivity and oral health status in Japanese schoolchildren. Methods Subjects were 237 primary and 112 junior high school students in Saitama Prefecture, Japan. In total, 349 (boys: 181, girls: 168) students aged 6–15 years participated in the study. Oral examinations and whole-mouth taste tests using four tastes (sweet, salt, sour and bitter) solutions were conducted on the subjects. A subject who could not recognize the taste of the solution was defined as demonstrating hyposensitivity. Results Hyposensitivity was observed in 6.3% of all subjects for sweet-taste, 14.3% for salt-taste, 20.9% for sour-taste and 6.0% for bitter-taste. The prevalence of sweet, sour and bitter-taste hyposensitivity decreased as the subjects’ grade advanced. In contrast, the prevalence of salt-taste hyposensitivity increased in 7th-9th grade subjects. Furthermore, the prevalence of bitter-taste hyposensitivity was significantly higher in males than females among 1st-3rd graders. Taste hyposensitivity had little association with oral health status, such as decayed teeth, filled teeth, dental plaque, gingival status and tongue coating. Conclusions In this study, taste hyposensitivity was observed in 6.0%-20.9% of the students. There was little association between taste hyposensitivity and oral health status. The current study implies that the factors affecting the taste hyposensitivity in children may different from those in the elderly. Therefore it is necessary to further investigate the causes of taste hyposensitivity among younger generation. PMID:24725841

2014-01-01

299

Intelligent buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The principal issues faced in intelligent building design and construction are presented. The components of the intelligent building are placed into four main categories-facilities management, information management, connectivity, and overall control-and each of these is examined. Multitenant shared services, the changing nature of building components, and the benefits of intelligent building management are briefly discussed. Six stages in the realization

B. M. Flax

1991-01-01

300

Results from the FDIRC prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present results from a novel Cherenkov imaging detector called the Focusing DIRC (FDIRC). This detector was designed as a prototype of the particle identification system for the SuperB experiment, and comprises 1/12 of the SuperB barrel azimuthal coverage with partial electronics implementation. The prototype was tested in the SLAC Cosmic Ray Telescope (CRT) which provides 3-D muon tracking with an angular resolution of ~1.5 mrad, track position resolution of 5-6 mm, start time resolution of 70 ps, and a muon low-energy cutoff of ~2 GeV provided by an iron range stack. The quartz focusing photon camera couples to a full-size BaBar DIRC bar box and is read out by 12 Hamamatsu H8500 MaPMTs providing 768 pixels. We used IRS2 waveform digitizing electronics to read out the MaPMTs. We present several results from our on-going development activities that demonstrate that the new optics design works very well, including: (a) single photon Cherenkov angle resolutions with and without chromatic corrections, (b) S/N ratio between the Cherenkov peak and background, which consists primarily of ambiguities in possible photon paths to a given pixel, (c) dTOP=TOPmeasured-TOPexpected resolutions, and (d) performance of the detector in the presence of high-rate backgrounds. We also describe data analysis methods and point out limits of the present performance.

Roberts, D. A.; Arnaud, N.; Dey, B.; Borsato, M.; Leith, D. W. G. S.; Nishimura, K.; Ratcliff, B. N.; Varner, G.; Va'vra, J.

2014-12-01

301

Agile manufacturing prototyping system (AMPS)  

SciTech Connect

The Agile Manufacturing Prototyping System (AMPS) is being integrated at Sandia National Laboratories. AMPS consists of state of the industry flexible manufacturing hardware and software enhanced with Sandia advancements in sensor and model based control; automated programming, assembly and task planning; flexible fixturing; and automated reconfiguration technology. AMPS is focused on the agile production of complex electromechanical parts. It currently includes 7 robots (4 Adept One, 2 Adept 505, 1 Staubli RX90), conveyance equipment, and a collection of process equipment to form a flexible production line capable of assembling a wide range of electromechanical products. This system became operational in September 1995. Additional smart manufacturing processes will be integrated in the future. An automated spray cleaning workcell capable of handling alcohol and similar solvents was added in 1996 as well as parts cleaning and encapsulation equipment, automated deburring, and automated vision inspection stations. Plans for 1997 and out years include adding manufacturing processes for the rapid prototyping of electronic components such as soldering, paste dispensing and pick-and-place hardware.

Garcia, P.

1998-05-09

302

Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Prototype Demonstration for Consumer Electronics Applications  

SciTech Connect

This report is the final technical report for DOE Program DE-FC36-04GO14301 titled “Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Prototype Demonstration for Consumer Electronics Applications”. Due to the public nature of this report some of the content reported in confidential reports and meetings to the DOE is not covered in detail in this report and some of the content has been normalized to not show actual values. There is a comparison of the projects accomplishments with the objectives, an overview of some of the key subsystem work, and a review of the three levels of prototypes demonstrated during the program. There is also a description of the eventual commercial product and market this work is leading towards. The work completed under this program has significantly increased the understanding of how Direct Methanol Fuel Cells (DMFC) can be deployed successfully to power consumer electronic devices. The prototype testing has demonstrated the benefits a direct methanol fuel cell system has over batteries typically used for powering consumer electronic devices. Three generations of prototypes have been developed and tested for performance, robustness and life. The technologies researched and utilized in the fuel cell stack and related subsystems for these prototypes are leveraged from advances in other industries such as the hydrogen fueled PEM fuel cell industry. The work under this program advanced the state of the art of direct methanol fuel cells. The system developed by MTI micro fuel cells aided by this program differs significantly from conventional DMFC designs and offers compelling advantages in the areas of performance, life, size, and simplicity. The program has progressed as planned resulting in the completion of the scope of work and available funding in December 2008. All 18 of the final P3 prototypes builds have been tested and the results showed significant improvements over P2 prototypes in build yield, initial performance, and durability. The systems have demonstrated robust operation when tested at various orientations, temperatures, and humidity levels. Durability testing has progressed significantly over the course of the program. MEA, engine, and system level steady state testing has demonstrated degradation rates acceptable for initial product introduction. Test duration of over 5000 hrs has been achieved at both the MEA and breadboard system level. P3 level prototype life testing on engines (stacks with reactant conditioning) showed degradation rates comparable to carefully constructed lab fixtures. This was a major improvement over the P2 and P1 engine designs, which exhibited substantial reductions in life and performance between the lab cell and the actual engine. Over the course of the work on the P3 technology set, a platform approach was taken to the system design. By working in this direction, a number of product iterations with substantial market potential were identified. Although the main effort has been the development of a prototype charger for consumer electronic devices, multiple other product concepts were developed during the program showing the wide variety of potential applications.

Carlstrom, Charles, M., Jr.

2009-07-07

303

[Japanese cedar pollen in house dust].  

PubMed

Caring for oneself against Japanese cedar pollinosis is important as well as receiving medical-care. Although the importance of avoiding pollen is described in the guideline for nasal allergy medical treatment, however, there is no information for effective dust cleaning for the home. This study examined how many cedar pollens were included in indoor dust in order to obtain basic data whether dust removal for cedar pollen is available for pollinosis suffers. As a result, the study found that there were many Japanese cedar pollens in indoor dust even before the pollen season. Cedar pollen increased with the increasing number of airborne pollen. The highest number of pollen found in one week was approximately 450 pollens in a square meter of a living room floor. The study concluded that cleaning is one of the best way to remove Japanese cedar pollens found in indoor dust. PMID:11517516

Enomoto, T; Ohnishi, S; Dake, Y; Sakoda, T; Saitoh, Y; Sogo, H; Seno, S; Fujiki, Y; Fujimura, S

2001-06-01

304

Building Green  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Information designed to help building industry professionals and policy makers to improve environmental performance and reduce the adverse impacts of buildings. Offers print and electronic resources to help industry professionals to take an integrated design approach that will minimize ecological impact and maximize economic performance. The publications related to green building include Environmental Building News - a monthly newsletter that is independently published and advertising-free; The GreenSpec Product Directory; and Green Building Advisor.

305

Japanese beetle management 2011 ICM Conference, Ames Iowa  

E-print Network

Conference, Ames Iowa Complete metamorphosis or life cycle Larva (white grub) Adult (scarab beetle) Egg PupaJapanese beetle management 2011 ICM Conference, Ames Iowa Japanese beetle biology and management #12;Japanese beetle management 2011 ICM Conference, Ames Iowa Outline · ID, life cycle, biology

Jurenka, Russell A.

306

The Influence of Sanskrit on the Japanese Sound Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Japanese syllabary of today would probably not exist in its present arrangement had it not been for Sanskrit studies in Japan. Scholars of ancient Japan extracted from the Devanagari those sounds which corresponded to sounds in Japanese and arranged the Japanese syllabary in the devanagari order. First appearing in a document dated 1204, this…

Buck, James H.

307

Evidence of a Consonant Shift in 7th Century Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to certify that certain changes in voicing and aspiration, namely the shift from Kan'on to Go'on, occurred during the proto-Japanese period. Based on Middle Chinese data, proto-Korean-Japanese systems, Tibetan transcriptions of Chinese texts, and internal Japanese evidence, the authors date the transition roughly in the 7th…

Ramsey, S. Robert; Unger, J. Marshall

308

GMD Technical Report #1077 Recent Developments in Japanese Robotics Research  

E-print Network

April 1997 GMD Technical Report #1077 Recent Developments in Japanese Robotics Research -- Notes a spotlight on recent trends and developments in the Japanese robotics research community and to give links of listing the full range of robotics groups. Up to now, there are more than 150 Japanese research groups

Zimmer, Uwe

309

GMD Technical Report #1077 Recent Developments in Japanese Robotics Research  

E-print Network

April 1997 GMD Technical Report #1077 Recent Developments in Japanese Robotics Research ­ Notes and developments in the Japanese robotics research community and to give links for deeper investigation. Criteria range of robotics groups. Up to now, there are more than 150 Japanese research groups concerned

Zimmer, Uwe

310

Hotel Employees' Japanese Language Experiences: Implications and Suggestions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the Japanese language learning experiences of 13 hotel employees in Guam. Results of the study present implications and suggestions for a Japanese language program for the hotel industry. The project began as a result of hotel employees frustrations when they were unable to communicate effectively with their Japanese guests. (Auth/JL)

Makita-Discekici, Yasuko

1998-01-01

311

Harnessing Furigana to Improve Japanese Learners' Ability to Read Kanji  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The historical development of written Japanese has resulted in an extremely complex system. Modern Japanese is usually written in logosyllabic script consisting of a combination of "kanji," the Chinese characters, and "kana," the Japanese syllables originally formed from them. There are two types of "kana," the "hiragana" and the "katakana."…

Kirwan, Leigh

2005-01-01

312

Eating Attitudes among Japanese and American Elementary Schoolgirls.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined familial and peer correlates of eating attitudes in 38 American and 70 Japanese preadolescent girls. Responses showed correlates of eating attitudes shared by American and Japanese girls were self-perception of being overweight, number of friends dieting, and frequency of talking with mother about food and diet. Japanese girls were more…

Mukai, Takayo; McCloskey, Laura A.

1996-01-01

313

Kids Explore America's Japanese American Heritage. Westridge Young Writers Workshop.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book was written by 94 students, aged 8-14, at Westridge Elementary School (Littleton, Colorado) during a summer enrichment class. The book was written for anyone who wants to learn about Japanese-American culture and heritage. Chapter 1 gives an overview of Japanese history before American contact, the immigration of Japanese to America, the…

Jefferson County School District R-1, Denver, CO.

314

Japanese and American Cross-Cultural Business Pragmatics: A Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the extent to which culture-specific traits persist or change in American and Japanese business people who interact in business. Data were drawn from 13 interviews with both Japanese and American employees of Japanese companies. Interviewees were asked about their perceptions or stereotypes of people from the other culture before…

Chen, H. Julie; Cramer, Peter K.; Kojima, Toshihisa

315

The Japanese Automobile Worker: A Microcosm of Japan's Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A teaching unit on the Japanese automobile worker was developed from a compilation of on-site interviews with Japanese company managers and production line employees, and official publications of the Japanese car industry. The unit is designed to present a balanced picture of Japan's economic success and labor relations and to develop global…

Kaderabeck, Elizabeth A.

316

Culture and the Japanese Kindergarten Curriculum: A Historical View.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a brief history of Japanese early childhood education. Explains that the kindergarten idea came from Western countries and was adapted to Japanese society by the Ministry of Education and by Christian missionaries. Presents examples of these adaptations in the Japanese translations of Froebel's books as well as in the development of…

Shirakawa, Yoko

1996-01-01

317

Design and fabrication of the prototype superconducting quadrupole for the CERN LHC project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the framework of the LHC (Large Hadron Collider) R&D program, CERN and CEA\\/Saclay have established a collaboration to carry out the design, building and testing of a superconducting LHC prototype quadrupole at the Saclay laboratory. The cold mass of this quadrupole is presently under construction at Saclay. The quadrupole design features a twin aperture configuration, a gradient of 250

J. M. Baze; D. Cacaut; M. Chapman; J. P. Jacquemin; C. Lyraud; C. Michez; Y. Pabot; J. Perot; J. M. Rifflet; J. C. Toussaint; P. Vedrine; R. Perin; N. Siegel; T. Tortschanoff

1992-01-01

318

PassItOn: An Opportunistic Messaging Prototype on Mobile Devices  

E-print Network

or intermittent (e.g., on cruise ships, in national parks, after disasters). Another intriguing characteristic, power preservation, encounter controls, etc.). In this work, we design and prototype PassItOn, a fully applications. Meanwhile, we seek to shed lights on the design, implementation and deployment issues in building

Venkatasubramanian, Nalini

319

Rapid prototyping of metallic parts and moulds K.P. Karunakaran*  

E-print Network

Abstract Even as several rapid prototyping processes are emerging that can build metallic and ceramic tools is known by the terms layered manufac- turing (LM) and solid freeform fabrication (SFF). The principle of only soft materials, very soon, innovative methods of using them for making the short

320

A PROTOTYPE FOR ON-LINE MONITORING AND CONTROL OF ENERGY PERFORMANCE FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY  

E-print Network

A PROTOTYPE FOR ON-LINE MONITORING AND CONTROL OF ENERGY PERFORMANCE FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY BUILDINGS@univ-perp.fr Keywords: Renewable energies, energy performance indicators, monitoring system, smart transducers, control. Control algorithms are tested in simulation to improve renewable energy consumption while reducing fossil

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

321

Arkose: A Prototype Mechanism and Tool for Collaborative Information Generation and Distillation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goals of this thesis have been to gain a better understanding of collaborative knowledge sharing and distilling and to build a prototype collaborative system that supports flexible knowledge generation and distillation. To reach these goals, I have conducted two user studies and built two systems. The first system, Arkose 1.0, is a…

Nam, Kevin Kyung

2010-01-01

322

Teaching Tip: Using Rapid Game Prototyping for Exploring Requirements Discovery and Modeling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We describe the use of rapid game prototyping as a pedagogic technique to experientially explore and learn requirements discovery, modeling, and specification in systems analysis and design courses. Students have a natural interest in gaming that transcends age, gender, and background. Rapid digital game creation is used to build computer games…

Dalal, Nikunj

2012-01-01

323

Breaking down brick walls: design, construction, and prototype fabrication knowledge in architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Architectural designs are not just collections of 3D objects. Architects have both high-level aesthetic design intent, and intent for the functionality of the building; these must eventually translate into real-world construction materials and processes. Physical prototypes are still essential for the architect and their clients to get a feel for whether designs \\

Rachelle Villalon; Henry Lieberman; Larry Sass

2009-01-01

324

High efficiency radioisotope thermophotovoltaic prototype generator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A radioisotope thermophotovoltaic generator space power system (RTPV) is lightweight, low-cost alternative to the present radioisotope thermoelectric generator system (RTG). The fabrication of such an RTPV generator has recently become feasible as the result of the invention of the GaSb infrared sensitive photovoltaic cell. Herein, we present the results of a parametric study of emitters and optical filters in conjuction with existing data on gallium antimonide cells. We compare a polished tungsten emitter with an Erbia selective emitter for use in combination with a simple dielectric filter and a gallium antimonide cell array. We find that the polished tungsten emitter is by itself a very selective emitter with low emissivity beyond 4 microns. Given a gallium antimonide cell and a tungsten emitter, a simple dielectric filter can be designed to transmit radiant energy below 1.7 microns and to reflect radiant energy between 1.7 and 4 microns back to the emitter. Because of the low long wavelength emissivity associated with the polished tungsten emitter, this simple dielectric filter then yields very respectable system performance. Also as a result of the longer wavelength fall-off in the tungsten emissivity curve, the radiation energy peak for a polished tungsten emitter operating at 1300 K shifts to shorter wavelengths relative to the blackbody spectrum so that the radiated energy peak falls right at the gallium antimonide cell bandedge. The result is that the response of the gallium antimonide cell is well matched to a polished tungsten emitter. We propose, therefore, to fabricate an operating prototype of a near term radioisotope thermophotovoltaic generator design consisting of a polished tungsten emitter, standard gallium antimonide cells, and a near-term dielectric filter. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory will design and build the thermal cavity, and JX Crystals will fabricate the gallium antimonide cells, dielectric filters, and resultant receiver panels. With 250 Watts of heat input, we expect this prototype to produce over 300 Watts of electrical energy output for a system energy conversion efficiency of over 12%. This low risk, near term design provides advances relative to present radioisotope thermophotovoltaic generators and has the additional advantage of allowing component and system development and testing to begin immediately. Improved cells and filters can easily be incorporated in this baseline system if they should become available in the future.

Avery, James E.; Samaras, John E.; Fraas, Lewis M.; Ewell, Richard

1995-01-01

325

Grooming and aggression in captive Japanese macaques.  

PubMed

This study investigated the relations between allogrooming and aggression in a captive group of Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata). Our aim was to test whether evidence of an interchange between allogrooming and a reduction in aggression could be identified at a group level. Female Japanese macaques did not direct less aggression to those group mates that groomed them most. Although generally they did not direct more grooming to those group mates that attacked them most, they did show increased grooming towards those nonkin group mates that showed the most aggression. These results are interpreted in light of the conflicting processes that are likely to underlie macaque social choices. PMID:15688120

Schino, Gabriele; Ventura, Raffaella; Troisi, Alfonso

2005-07-01

326

IMMR Phase 1 Prototyping Plan Inputs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation reviews the phase I plan of the prototype of the IMMR by the Multilateral Medical Operations Panel (MMOP) Medical Informatics & Technology (MIT) Working Group. It reviews the Purpose of IMMR Prototype Phase 1 (IPP1); the IPP1 Plan Overview, the IMMR Prototype Phase 1 Plan for PDDs and MIC and MIC-DDs, Plan for MICs, a nd the IPP1 objectives

Vowell, C. W.; Johnson-Throop, Kathy; Smith, Bryon; Darcy, Jeannette

2006-01-01

327

Five factor model prototype matching scores: convergence within alternative methods.  

PubMed

The Five Factor Model of Personality (FFM) has been proposed as a potential alternative to the current DSM-IV-TR model, which conceptualizes personality disorders (PDs) as categorical constructs. While an extensive literature has pointed out the flaws of the diagnostic categories, they are quite familiar to clinicians and there may still be instances when identifying these constructs for clinical purposes, such as for rapidly communicating information about a patient, is warranted. From the perspective of the FFM, the PDs represent specific constellations of personality traits and research has demonstrated that the PDs can be recovered by assessing the degree to which an FFM profile matches the FFM description of a prototypic PD case. The current study builds upon that research by assessing the convergent and discriminant validity of prototype scores and DSM-IV PD measures using self-report, informant report, semi-structured interview, and clinician descriptions. The results suggest that the prototype matching scores are largely valid across these methods for all PDs, with perhaps the exception of obsessive-compulsive. These findings are related to previous research and the clinical implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:22023296

Samuel, Douglas B; Edmundson, Maryanne; Widiger, Thomas A

2011-10-01

328

A first-generation prototype dynamic residential window  

SciTech Connect

We present the concept for a ''smart'' highly efficient dynamic window that maximizes solar heat gain during the heating season and minimizes solar heat gain during the cooling season in residential buildings. We describe a prototype dynamic window that relies on an internal shade, which deploys automatically in response to solar radiation and temperature. This prototype was built at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory from commercially available ''off-the-shelf'' components. It is a stand-alone, standard-size product, so it can be easily installed in place of standard window products. Our design shows promise for near-term commercialization. Improving thermal performance of this prototype by incorporating commercially available highly efficient glazing technologies could result in the first window that could be suitable for use in zero-energy homes. The unit's predictable deployment of shading could help capture energy savings that are not possible with manual shading. Installation of dynamically shaded windows in the field will allow researchers to better quantify the energy effects of shades, which could lead to increased efficiency in the sizing of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning equipment for residences.

Kohler, Christian; Goudey, Howdy; Arasteh, Dariush

2004-10-26

329

Five Factor Model Prototype Matching Scores: Convergence Within Alternative Methods  

PubMed Central

The Five Factor Model of Personality (FFM) has been proposed as a potential alternative to the current DSM-IV-TR model, which conceptualizes personality disorders (PDs) as categorical constructs. While an extensive literature has pointed out the flaws of the diagnostic categories, they are quite familiar to clinicians and there may still be instances when identifying these constructs for clinical purposes, such as for rapidly communicating information about a patient, is warranted. From the perspective of the FFM, the PDs represent specific constellations of personality traits and research has demonstrated that the PDs can be recovered by assessing the degree to which an FFM profile matches the FFM description of a prototypic PD case. The current study builds upon that research by assessing the convergent and discriminant validity of prototype scores and DSM-IV PD measures using self-report, informant report, semi-structured interview, and clinician descriptions. The results suggest that the prototype matching scores are largely valid across these methods for all PDs, with perhaps the exception of obsessive-compulsive. These findings are related to previous research and the clinical implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:22023296

Samuel, Douglas B.; Edmundson, Maryanne; Widiger, Thomas A.

2010-01-01

330

Status of the CALICE analog calorimeter technological prototypes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The CALICE collaboration is currently developing engineering prototypes of electromagnetic and hadronic calorimeters for a future linear collider detector. This detector is designed to be used in particle-flow based event reconstruction. In particular, the calorimeters are optimized for the individual reconstruction and separation of electromagnetic and hadronic showers. They are conceived as sampling calorimeters with tungsten and steel absorbers, respectively. Two electromagnetic calorimeters are being developed, one with silicon-based active layers and one based on scintillator strips that are read out by MPPCs, allowing highly granular readout. The analog hadron calorimeter is based on scintillating tiles that are also read out individually by silicon photomultipliers. The multi-channel, auto-triggered front-end chips are integrated into the active layers of the calorimeters and are designed for minimal power consumption (power pulsing). The goal of the construction of these prototypes is to demonstrate the feasibility of building and operating detectors with fully integrated front-end electronics. The concept and engineering status of these prototypes are reported here.

Terwort, Mark; CALICE Collaboration

2012-12-01

331

Reinforced Brownian Motion: A Prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We analyze the Brownian Motion limit of a prototypical unit step reinforced random-walk on the half-line. A reinfoced random walk is one which changes the weight of any edge (or vertex) visited to increase the frequency of return visits. The generating function for the discrete case is first derived for the joint probability distribution of (the location of the walker at the step) and , the maximum location the walker achieved in steps. Then the bulk of the analysis concerns the statistics of the limiting Brownian walker, and of its "environment", both parametrized by the amplitude of the reinforcement. The walker marginal distribution can be interpreted as that of free diffusion with a source serving as a diffusing soft confinement, details depending very much on the value of.

Percus, Jerome K.; Percus, Ora E.

2014-09-01

332

Hadron therapy information sharing prototype.  

PubMed

The European PARTNER project developed a prototypical system for sharing hadron therapy data. This system allows doctors and patients to record and report treatment-related events during and after hadron therapy. It presents doctors and statisticians with an integrated view of adverse events across institutions, using open-source components for data federation, semantics, and analysis. There is a particular emphasis upon semantic consistency, achieved through intelligent, annotated form designs. The system as presented is ready for use in a clinical setting, and amenable to further customization. The essential contribution of the work reported here lies in the novel data integration and reporting methods, as well as the approach to software sustainability achieved through the use of community-supported open-source components. PMID:23824127

Roman, Faustin Laurentiu; Abler, Daniel; Kanellopoulos, Vassiliki; Amoros, Gabriel; Davies, Jim; Dosanjh, Manjit; Jena, Raj; Kirkby, Norman; Peach, Ken; Salt, Jose

2013-07-01

333

The EUROMEDIES EDI prototype system.  

PubMed

EDI is expected to be the dominant form of business communication between organisations moving to the Electronic Commerce era of 2000. The healthcare sector is already using EDI in the hospital supply function as well as in the clinical area and the reimbursement process. In this paper, we examine the use of EDI in the healthcare administration sector and move specifically its application to the Medical Devices Vigilance System. At a first place, the potential of this approach is examined, after an initial brief presentation of the EDI concept and its application in healthcare. This presentation is followed by an overall description of the EDI prototype system, which was developed in the context of the EUROMEDIES Concerted Action, in order to facilitate the requirements definition phase. PMID:10172831

Pramataris, K; Doukidis, G; Giaglis, G; Raptakis, J

1996-01-01

334

The transformation of the Japanese commercial code and its impact on the Japanese economy  

E-print Network

The legal system is an essential basis of the society and economy of every country, and it changes continually in accordance with national social and economic situations. The Japanese Commercial Code is no exception. One ...

Yoshida, Toshihiro, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01

335

Modalities of Infant-Mother Interaction in Japanese, Japanese American Immigrant, and European American Dyads  

PubMed Central

Cultural variation in relations and moment-to-moment contingencies of infant-mother person-oriented and object-oriented interactions were examined and compared in 118 Japanese, Japanese American immigrant, and European American dyads with 5.5-month-olds. Infant and mother person-oriented behaviors were positively related in all cultural groups, but infant and mother object-oriented behaviors were positively related only among European Americans. In all groups, infant and mother behaviors within each modality were mutually contingent. Culture moderated lead-lag relations: Japanese infants were more likely than their mothers to respond in object-oriented interactions, European American mothers were more likely than their infants to respond in person-oriented interactions. Japanese American dyads behaved more like European American dyads. Interaction, infant effects, and parent socialization findings are set in cultural and accultural models of transactions between young infants and their mothers. PMID:22860874

Bornstein, Marc H.; Cote, Linda R.; Haynes, O. Maurice; Suwalsky, Joan T. D.; Bakeman, Roger

2011-01-01

336

Kusanagi Tsuyoshi x Chonangang: Transcending Japanese\\/Korean Ethnic Boundaries in Japanese Popular Culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last ten years or so, interest among the Japanese in their Korean neighbour has increased significantly. Yet, before the Korean Wave hit Japan in the early 2000s, Kusanagi Tsuyoshi, member of popular Japanese boy-band SMAP, had already débuted and gained popularity as Chonangang, his Korean alter-self. From releasing a Korean pop-music single to interviewing South Korean Presidents on

Yuen Shu Min

2011-01-01

337

JAPANESE SPACE INDUSTRY The Society of Japanese Aerospace CompaniesSJAC  

E-print Network

% domestically developed) 1997~2006 M- (solid propellant rocket) 2001.5 ~ H-A (Japanese Flagship rocket) 2003 : 50 #12;3 History Start of Space research 1955.5 Pencil rocket flight test SATELLITE 1970.2 OOSUMI (1.4 ~ LNG rocket Engine (under development) 2009.11~ H-B (HTV to ISS) #12;4 JAPANESE SPACE INDUSTRY FY2008

338

Learning Intelligent Genetic Algorithms Using Japanese Nonograms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An intelligent genetic algorithm (IGA) is proposed to solve Japanese nonograms and is used as a method in a university course to learn evolutionary algorithms. The IGA combines the global exploration capabilities of a canonical genetic algorithm (CGA) with effective condensed encoding, improved fitness function, and modified crossover and…

Tsai, Jinn-Tsong; Chou, Ping-Yi; Fang, Jia-Cen

2012-01-01

339

Japanese International Students' Attitudes toward Acquaintance Rape.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study looked at the influence of an Asian sociocultural variable, loss of face or social integrity, as a predictor of perceptions of acquaintance rape among Japanese students. In addition to the expected associations between gender, sexism, and perceptions of rape, loss of face was predicted to interact with the perpetrator's reference group…

Motoike, Janice; Stockdale, Margaret

340

Denotational Semantics for interrogative Sentences in Japanese  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a new approach to a sentence of interrogative form in Japanese within the framework of Montague Grammar. The possibil- ity of various uses of an interrogative sentence; uses as a question, an exclamation, a rhetorical question, a demand and a recommendation is explained based on the same denotation for the sentence. The denotation which is neutral for all

Mitsuhiro Okada; Kazue Watanabe

1993-01-01

341

Nationalism and Worldmindedness: Japanese Versus American Comparison.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nationalism and worldmindedness are social cognitions that have both culture-unique and culture-universal aspects. To compare cross-cultural manifestations of these 2 sentiments, 270 Japanese and 210 American university students in Tokyo and Los Angeles answered questions on national resources, self-sufficiency and interdependence, communication,…

Der-Karabetian, Aghop; And Others

342

Japanese vs. Caucasian Intelligence and Social Attainment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes a series of studies from the Hawaii Family Study of Cognition on possible genetic and social environmental determinants of individual differences in and racial/ethnic differences between groups on intelligence and attainment. These studies, which focused on Japanese and Caucasian Americans, illustrate the complex, interactive, and…

Nagoshi, Craig T.

1998-01-01

343

Japanese Robotics: Challenge and—Limited—Exemplar  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the end of 1982 Japan's robot population was triple that of the United States, and Japan's robot producers seemed positioned to dominate this strategic new industry. Underlying this early success was an elaborate set of government policies including low-interest loans, special depreciation allowances, and government-coordinated research projects. Many argue that the Japanese have been successful not only in developing

Leonard Lynn

1983-01-01

344

Lifelong Learning and Demographics: A Japanese Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the social dimension of lifelong learning from the perspective of demographics, with particular focus on the issue of the birth of fewer children, which has become one of the most important current social issues in Japanese society. When considering the relationship between lifelong learning and demographics, the issues arising…

Ogawa, Seiko

2005-01-01

345

Origins of the Japanese Islands: The New \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Archaeologists and historians working on topics such as agricultural technology, resource distribution, settlement patterns, raw materials procurement, artifact analysis and natural disasters are automatically involved in geological questions. The geologic history of the Japanese Islands is, therefore, of basic importance to our enquiries, but those interests are poorly served by the current literature available. It is difficult to find an

Gina L. Barnes

2003-01-01

346

Japanese Information Network and Bibliographic Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the state-of-the-art of Japanese information activities, detailing the comprehensive national plan Japan has developed. The volume of scientific and technological publications is discussed: monographs and technical reports briefly, and periodicals in more depth, including subject areas, language of publication, and accessibility to…

Gibson, Robert W., Jr.; Kunkel, Barbara K.

1980-01-01

347

JAPANESE BROME IN THE NORTHERN GREAT PLAINS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Japanese brome (Bromus japonicus) and downy brome (B. tectorum), both introduced annual weedy grasses have invaded thousands of hectares of Northern Great Plains rangeland. Presented is a summary of information derived from a series of studies conducted at the USDA-Agricultural Research Service, Fo...

348

Can the Japanese Change Their Education System?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nine papers included in this book are: "The Why, What and How of Educational Reform in Japan" (Roger Goodman); "Why Reform Japanese Education?" (William K. Cummings); "Destruction and Reconstruction: A Comparative Analysis of the Education Reform in Japan and Germany under the U.S. Military Occupation After World War Two" (Masako Shibata);…

Goodman, Roger, Ed.; Phillips, David, Ed.

349

Object Drop in Japanese and Korean  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Languages can differ in fundamental ways with respect to the syntax of sentences with a "missing" direct object. Whereas Japanese and Korean permit null direct objects that are licensed under general discourse conditions (the recoverability of the referent from context) without regard for choice of verb, object ellipsis in English obeys lexical…

O'Grady, William; Yamashita, Yoshie; Cho, Sookeun

2008-01-01

350

Lexical Representation of Japanese Vowel Devoicing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vowel devoicing happens in Japanese when the high vowel is between voiceless consonants. The aim of this study is to investigate the lexical representation of vowel devoicing. A long-term repetition-priming experiment was conducted. Participants shadowed words containing either a devoiced or a voiced vowel in three priming paradigms, and their…

Ogasawara, Naomi

2013-01-01

351

Pragmatic Implicatures and Particles in Japanese  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the properties of particles in Japanese from a pragmatic viewpoint. The main target of analysis is "wa" and "ga", which are regarded as a topic and nominative marker respectively. The research is based on the pragmatic theory proposed by Levinson (2000). This dissertation consists of three parts as follows. The first…

Kimura, Kazunori

2011-01-01

352

Portuguese Ships on Japanese Namban Screens  

E-print Network

Namban screens are a well-known Japanese art form that was produced between the end of the 16th century and throughout the 17th century. More than 90 of these screens survive today. They possess substantial historical value because they display...

Yamafune, Kotaro

2012-10-19

353

Japanese Lesson Study Comes to California  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Japanese lesson study--Jugyou kenkyuu--which is a cornerstone of Project DELTA (Developing Educators Learning to Teach Algebraically), adds a new twist: the teachers take turns publicly teaching the collaboratively planned lessons with their own students for the rest of the team to observe and then analyze, based on the students' learning. Lesson…

Jetter, Madeleine; Hancock, Gwen

2012-01-01

354

Epidermal proteases of the Japanese eel  

Microsoft Academic Search

A fluorescent-sensitive assay was used to demonstrate the protease activity in the dorsal skin of Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica). Two distinct extracts were separately prepared from skin mucus and epidermal cell layers, with no mutual contamination. The epidermal extract was sensitive to various substrates, whereas there was no, or only marginal, susceptibility to the same substrates for the mucous extract.

F. Aranishi; M. Nakane

1997-01-01

355

Machine translation from Japanese into English  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the outline of our Japanese to English machine translation system, which is supported by the Agency of Science and Technology of the Japanese Government. Many new methodologies are introduced to obtain high-quality translation results. The analysis is based on case grammar, which is suitable for a word-order-free language such as Japanese. The dictionary is rich enough to handle many specific expressions. It contains not only case frame information, but also semantic information, idiomatic expressions, and many others. In the transfer phase, the system applies many structural transformations, so that the structural difference of the same contents in Japanese and English can be relieved. In the generation phase, many structural transformations are again applied so that the ellipsis problems can be avoided, and that better stylistic expressions can be obtained. The system is running mainly for the abstracts of scientific and technical papers. The evaluation method of the translated results is also discussed, with many example translations.

Nagao, M.; Tsujii, J.I.; Nakamura, J.I.

1986-07-01

356

THE FOREMAN PROBLEM IN JAPANESE INDUSTRY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

BRITAIN STUDIED SUPERVISORY TRAINING IN JAPAN, IN ORDER TO GAIN INSIGHT INTO ITS OWN TRAINING PROBLEMS. TRADITIONAL SUPERVISION IN JAPANESE INDUSTRY HAD PRODUCED INCAPABLE FOREMEN THROUGH SENIORITY PROMOTION, CAUSED DIFFICULT RELATIONSHIPS BECAUSE OF AUTHORITARIAN ATTITUDES, AND FAILED TO CLARIFY AUTHORITY ROLES. THE GOVERNMENT RECOMMENDED MORE…

THURLEY, KEITH

357

Politics of Education for Japanese Returnee Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business expansion in the 1960s and its associated international strategies have meant that many Japanese company employees and their families were sent abroad on long-term assignments. The children who accompanied their parents on such assignments and then returned to Japan were first described as "educational refugees" and were regarded as…

Fry, Rieko

2009-01-01

358

Statistical Properties of Height of Japanese Schoolchildren  

E-print Network

We study height distributions of Japanese schoolchildren based on the statictical data which are obtained from the school health survey by the ministry of education, culture, sports, science and technology, Japan . From our analysis, it has been clarified that the distribution of height changes from the lognormal distribution to the normal distribution in the periods of puberty.

Kuninaka, Hiroto; Matsushita, Mitsugu

2009-01-01

359

Culture and Information Society: The Japanese Way.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the cultural, ontological, and epistemological principles on which knowledge is organized in Japanese culture. Topics discussed include public knowledge and corporate knowledge; cognition, including field dependent knowledge and group dependent knowledge; communication and image oriented knowledge; memory; and patterns of…

Tudjman, Miroslav

1991-01-01

360

Japanese industrial development Lessons for South Africa?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is critical of the scenario planning approach which attempts to offer a formula for development for South Africa in the 1990s based upon the success of Japan, amongst other economic ‘winners’. It is argued that the complexities and debates surrounding Japanese modernization make the application of ‘lessons’ extremely problematical. Points of controversy arising out of the two ‘miracle’

Katherine Munro

1990-01-01

361

A Japanese approach for CKD-MBD  

PubMed Central

Disturbances in mineral and bone metabolism have a critical role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular complications in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The term ‘renal osteodystrophy' has recently been replaced by ‘CKD-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD)', which includes abnormalities in bone and mineral metabolism and vascular calcification. The Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy clinical practice guideline for the management of secondary hyperparathyroidism in chronic dialysis patients was originally published in Japanese in 2006, then in English in 2008. During the past 5 years, this first guideline has contributed to a considerably better understanding and control of secondary hyperparathyroidism in CKD patients by physicians, other medical professionals, and the patients themselves. However, since its publication several new therapeutic modalities have become available for Japanese dialysis patients, which added more evidence to this area. Thus, we revised the guideline to include several new policies, and the new guideline was published in Japanese in 2012. This article contains the new guideline text, and clinical significance of CKD-MBD in Japan. PMID:25019029

Yokoyama, Keitaro; Taniguchi, Masatomo; Fukagawa, Masafumi

2013-01-01

362

SURVEY OF THE FISHERIES FORMER JAPANESE  

E-print Network

Japanese mandated islands of the Pacific Ocean was a part of the general economic siirvey iindertaken by the Pacific Ocean Division of the United States CoLinercial Co.'i^jany, Reconstruction Finance Corporation of economic realism, it is obvious that the majority of these rosy dreams are impossible of fulfillment, Vne

363

Learning from Analysis of Japanese EFL Texts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Japan has a long tradition of teaching English as a foreign language (EFL). A common feature of EFL courses is reliance on specific textbooks as a basis for graded teaching, and periods in Japanese EFL history are marked by the introduction of different textbook series. These sets of textbooks share the common goal of taking students from…

Weir, George R. S.; Ozasa, Toshiaki

2010-01-01

364

Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Trials of Japanese Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the Japanese response in terms of innovation capacity and entrepreneurship enhancement under the ever-changing economic environment. Particular focus would go to the interactions among government, industry and universities in the national innovation system at a macro level, and entrepreneurship education at the institutional…

Shi, Lili; Yonezawa, Akiyoshi

2012-01-01

365

TEFL and Communication Styles in Japanese Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Japanese students often feel it difficult to acquire communicative skills in English at school. Although many of them appear to have positive, favorable attitudes towards learning English, their annual Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) total score means has been consistently low. The present paper discusses this paradox from two points…

Takanashi, Yoshiro

2004-01-01

366

JAPANESE OYSTER-CULTURE. By BASHFORD DEAN,  

E-print Network

Methods of Oyster-culture. Op, cit. for 1891, pages 357-400, plates LXXV-LXXXVIII. (Italy, Spain, POlJAPANESE OYSTER-CULTURE. By BASHFORD DEAN, Adjunct Professor hI Zoology, Columbia UniiJersity. European oyster-culture, especially as practiced in France and Holland, is gen- erally regarded as the most

367

A History of Japanese in Hawaii.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook contains the history of the first hundred years of Japanese activity in Hawaii, of the pioneer immigrant workers and their progeny. The book offers valuable source material to the people of Hawaii who want to know their origins and who wish to teach their children of the achievements of their ancestors. Ninety-one pages of black and…

United Japanese Society of Hawaii, Honolulu.

368

Japanese-American Internment. A Historical Reader.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Historical Reader on "Japanese American Internment" in World War II introduces students to key events and issues during the period through the voices of people with firsthand experienced. Source documents and illustrations are arranged in chronological order and/or thematic units that establish context. Each selection is followed by critical…

2000

369

and Its Reflection in Japanese Women's Magazines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present article is an analysis of the complex transformation of the concept of self as reflected in several major publications for women. Japan's conservative and traditional society has confined women within strict limitations relative to gender, age and social status. However, the profound changes Japanese society has undergone during the past two decades has prompted changes at the level

NICULINA NAE

370

Species richness of Protozoa in Japanese lakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The protozoan fauna and species richness in the pelagic zone of 15 Japanese lakes were investigated in 1996 using polyurethane\\u000a foam (PF) substrates. The most common species were flagellates, such as Cryptomonas erosa, Oikomonas termo, and Pleuromonas jaculans. Cinetochilum margaritaceum and Actinophrys sol were the most common species of the Ciliata and Sarcodina, respectively. The similarity of species occurrence was

N. Takamura; Y. Shen; P. Xie

2000-01-01

371

U-PLANT GEOGRAPHIC ZONE CLEANUP PROTOTYPE  

SciTech Connect

The U Plant geographic zone (UPZ) occupies 0.83 square kilometers on the Hanford Site Central Plateau (200 Area). It encompasses the U Plant canyon (221-U Facility), ancillary facilities that supported the canyon, soil waste sites, and underground pipelines. The UPZ cleanup initiative coordinates the cleanup of the major facilities, ancillary facilities, waste sites, and contaminated pipelines (collectively identified as ''cleanup items'') within the geographic zone. The UPZ was selected as a geographic cleanup zone prototype for resolving regulatory, technical, and stakeholder issues and demonstrating cleanup methods for several reasons: most of the area is inactive, sufficient characterization information is available to support decisions, cleanup of the high-risk waste sites will help protect the groundwater, and the zone contains a representative cross-section of the types of cleanup actions that will be required in other geographic zones. The UPZ cleanup demonstrates the first of 22 integrated zone cleanup actions on the Hanford Site Central Plateau to address threats to groundwater, the environment, and human health. The UPZ contains more than 100 individual cleanup items. Cleanup actions in the zone will be undertaken using multiple regulatory processes and decision documents. Cleanup actions will include building demolition, waste site and pipeline excavation, and the construction of multiple, large engineered barriers. In some cases, different cleanup actions may be taken at item locations that are immediately adjacent to each other. The cleanup planning and field activities for each cleanup item must be undertaken in a coordinated and cohesive manner to ensure effective execution of the UPZ cleanup initiative. The UPZ zone cleanup implementation plan (ZCIP) was developed to address the need for a fundamental integration tool for UPZ cleanup. As UPZ cleanup planning and implementation moves forward, the ZCIP is intended to be a living document that will provide a focal point for integrating UPZ actions, including field cleanup activities, waste staging and handling, and post-cleanup monitoring and institutional controls.

ROMINE, L.D.

2006-02-01

372

Shape enhancement for rapid prototyping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many applications, for instance, in the reverse engineering and cultural heritage field, require building a physical replica\\u000a of 3D digital models. Recent 3D printers can easily perform this task in a relatively short time and using color to reproduce\\u000a object textures. However, the finite resolution of printers and, most of all, some peculiar optical and physical properties\\u000a of the used

Ruggero Pintus; Enrico Gobbetti; Paolo Cignoni; Roberto Scopigno

2010-01-01

373

Building America  

SciTech Connect

IBACOS researched the constructability and viability issues of using high performance windows as one component of a larger approach to building houses that achieve the Building America 70% energy savings target.

Brad Oberg

2010-12-31

374

Consensus Building.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the use of a Multi-Attribute Consensus Building (MACB) technique to build consensus on a national model of educational outcomes and indicators. Describes the stages of consensus building and the tasks mandated in each stage, including the generation of input, the consensus conference, and the synthesis of consensus. (RJM)

Vanderwood, Michael L.; Erickson, Ron

1994-01-01

375

Healthy Buildings?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health problems related to school buildings can be categorized in five major areas: sick-building syndrome; health-threatening building materials; environmental hazards such as radon gas and asbestos; lead poisoning; and poor indoor air quality due to smoke, chemicals, and other pollutants. This paper provides an overview of these areas,…

Grubb, Deborah

376

A prototype for cartographic human body analysis.  

PubMed

A cartographic-oriented model uses algebraic map operations to perform spatial analysis of medical data relative to the human body. A prototype system uses 3D visualization techniques to deliver analysis results. A prototype implementation suggests the model might provide the basis for a medical application tool that introduces new information insight. PMID:18753030

Carvalho, Elizabeth; Marcos, Adérito; Santos, Maribel Yasmina; Espregueira-Mendes, João

2008-01-01

377

Progress in Additive Manufacturing and Rapid Prototyping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid prototyping generally refers to techniques that produce shaped parts by gradual creation or addition of solid material, therein differing fundamentally from forming and material removal manufacturing techniques. This paper tries to summarise one decade of research and developments in rapid prototyping. The first part surveys some general economical and technological trends. The second part of the paper goes into

J.-P. Kruth; M. C. Leu; T. Nakagawa

1998-01-01

378

Software Prototyping: Designing Systems for Users.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on major change in computer software development process--the prototype model, i.e., implementation of skeletal system that is enhanced during interaction with users. Expensive and unreliable software, software design errors, traditional development approach, resources required for prototyping, success stories, and systems designer's role…

Spies, Phyllis Bova

1983-01-01

379

A Prototype System for Cooperative Architecture Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents a prototype system for cooperative architecture design. The system includes a multi-site cooperative 3D editor and a cooperative and communication support platform. By using the prototype system, the users are able to load a design scene, modify its properties and save the result cooperatively. The online basic cooperative, interactive editing functionality on the designed objects via the

Yuhua Luo; Ricardo Galli; Antonio Carlos Almeida; Miguel Dias

1999-01-01

380

Proposal for a generic prototyping approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The procedure we define is parametrized by: the input description formalism which can be any structured and\\/or hierarchical representation; and the programming language used to describe the prototype of a system. Our prototyping procedure involves three description levels: 1) the input formalism is a semi-formal description that only allows syntactic checks (completeness and coherence of the specification); 2) a formal

Fabrice Kordon; M. Curie

1994-01-01

381

Multi-fidelity Prototyping of User Interfaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multi-fidelity prototyping combines within a single user interface prototype several elements whose representations are reproduced with different levels of fidelity with respect to the final user interface: no fidelity at all, low fidelity, medium fidelity, and high fidelity. In order to effectively and effi- ciently support multi-fidelity, an original set of techniques is defined and discussed: multiple representation manipulation by

Adrien Coyette; Suzanne Kieffer; Jean Vanderdonckt

2007-01-01

382

A prototype space flight intravenous injection system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Medical emergencies, especially those resulting from accidents, frequently require the administration of intravenous fluids to replace lost body liquids. The development of a prototype space flight intravenous injection system is presented. The definition of requirements, injectable concentrates development, water polisher, reconstitution hardware development, administration hardware development, and prototype fabrication and testing are discussed.

Colombo, G. V.

1985-01-01

383

ALICE electromagnetic calorimeter prototype test  

SciTech Connect

This Memorandum of Understanding between the Test Beam collaborators and Fermilab is for the use of beam time at Fermilab during the Fall, 2005 Meson Test Beam Run. The experimenters plan to measure the energy, position, and time resolution of prototype modules of a large electromagnetic calorimeter proposed to be installed in the ALICE experiment at the LHC. The ALICE experiment is one of the three large approved LHC experiments, with ALICE placing special emphasis on the LHC heavy-ion program. The large electromagnetic calorimeter (EMCal) is a US initiative that is endorsed by the ALICE collaboration and is currently in the early stages of review by the Nuclear Physics Division of the DOE. The installation in the test beam at FNAL and test beam measurements will be carried out by the US members of the ALICE collaboration (ALICE-USA). The overall design of the ALICE EMCal is heavily influenced by its location within the ALICE L3 magnet. The EMCal is to be located inside the large room temperature magnet within a cylindrical integration volume approximately l12cm deep, by 5.6m in length, sandwiched between the ALICE TPC space frame and the L3 magnet coils. The chosen technology is a layered Pb-scintillator sampling calorimeter with a longitudinal pitch of 1.6mm Pb and 1.6mm scintillator. The full detector spans {eta} = -0.7 to {eta} = 0.7 with an azimuthal acceptance of {Delta}{phi} = 120{sup o}. The EMCal readout is of a ''Shish-Kabob'' type similar to the PHENIX Pb-scintillator sampling calorimeter in which the scintillation light is collected via wavelength shifting fibers running through the Pb-scintillator tiles perpendicular to the front surface. The detector is segmented into {approx}14000 towers. The basic structural units of the calorimeter are supermodules, each subtending approximately {approx}20{sup o} in {Delta}{phi} and 0.7 units in {Delta}{eta}. Supermodules are assembled from individual modules. The modules are further segmented into 2 x 2 individually read out towers. The fibers from an individual tower are grouped together to form readout tower bundles. These are each optically coupled to an avalanche photodiode (APO) via a short light guide to provide some spatial optical mixing and to match the fiber bundle to the APO. The module assembly is indicated in Figure l. The supermodules weigh about 9.6 tons and are the basic units handled during installation. Each supermodule is roughly I45cm wide at the front surface by 350cm long with an active depth of 24.5cm (at {eta} = 0) plus an additional 6.6 cm of depth in structural plates. The physical characteristics of the ALICE EMCal are summarized in Table 1. The EMCal test beam measurements at FNAL will utilize a stacked 4 x 4 array of prototype EMCal modules (8 x 8 towers). All towers will be instrumented with the same model APO and preamplifier as will be used in the ALICE experiment and all channels will be readout with existing prototype front end electronics intended for use in ALICE. The goals of the test beam measurements are: To investigate the energy resolution, linearity, uniformity, and position resolution, using electron beams; To study the energy dependence of the response to electrons and hadrons to determine the particle identification capabilities of the EMCal by shower shape; And to investigate the timing characteristics of the energy signal for crude time-of-flight measurement ({approx} 1ns) for use for anti-neutron rejection. Measurements will be made for comparison with different signal shaping times in the front end electronics.

Awes, Terry; /Oak Ridge

2005-09-01

384

Laser Assisted Forming for Ship Building  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laser forming has become a viable process for the shaping of metallic components, as a means of rapid prototyping and of adjusting and aligning. The process is similar to the well established torch flame bending used on large sheet material in the ship building industry but a great deal more control of the final product can be achieved. This paper

G. Dearden; S. P. Edwardson

385

Innovative oxygen separation membrane prototype  

SciTech Connect

Improvements are still needed to gas separation processes to gain industry acceptance of coal gasification systems. The Ion Transport Membrane (ITM) technology, being developed by the US Department of Energy and its partners, offers an opportunity to lower overall plant cost and improve efficiency compared to cryogenic distillation and pressure swing adsorption methods. The technology is based on a novel class of perovskite ceramic oxides which can selectively separate oxygen ions from a stream of air at high temperature and pressure. Those ions are transported across the ITM leaving non-permeate air which can be integrated with a fuel-fired gas system, enabling co-production of power and steam along with the concentrated, high-purity oxygen. The project is at the second phase, to scale up the ITM Oxygen ceramic devices to demonstrate the technology at the 1-5 tpd capability in the Subscale Engineering Prototype. A third phase to demonstrate commercial viability extends to the end of the decade. 2 figs.

NONE

2006-08-15

386

Mars Spark Source Prototype Developed  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Mars Spark Source Prototype (MSSP) hardware was developed as part of a proof of concept system for the detection of trace metals such as lead, cadmium, and arsenic in Martian dusts and soils. A spark discharge produces plasma from a soil sample, and detectors measure the optical emission from metals in the plasma to identify and quantify them. Trace metal measurements are vital in assessing whether or not the Martian environment will be toxic to human explorers. The current method of x-ray fluorescence can yield concentrations of major species only. Other instruments are incompatible with the volume, weight, and power constraints for a Mars mission. The new instrument will be developed primarily for use in the Martian environment, but it would be adaptable for terrestrial use in environmental monitoring. The NASA Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field initiated the development of the MSSP as part of Glenn's Director's Discretionary Fund project for the Spark Analysis Detection of Trace Metal Species in Martian Dusts and Soils. The objective of this project is to develop and demonstrate a compact, sensitive optical instrument for the detection of trace hazardous metals in Martian dusts and soils.

Eichenberg, Dennis J.; Lindamood, Glenn R.; VanderWal, Randall L.; Weiland, Karen J.

2000-01-01

387

Construction of Prototype Lightweight Mirrors  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This contract and the work described was in support of a Seven Segment Demonstrator (SSD) and demonstration of a different technology for construction of lightweight mirrors. The objectives of the SSD were to demonstrate functionality and performance of a seven segment prototype array of hexagonal mirrors and supporting electromechanical components which address design issues critical to space optics deployed in large space based telescopes for astronomy and for optics used in spaced based optical communications systems. The SSD was intended to demonstrate technologies which can support the following capabilities; Transportation in dense packaging to existing launcher payload envelopes, then deployable on orbit to form space telescope with large aperture. Provide very large (less than 10 meters) primary reflectors of low mass and cost. Demonstrate the capability to form a segmented primary or quaternary mirror into a quasi-continuous surface with individual subapertures phased so that near diffraction limited imaging in the visible wavelength region is achieved. Continuous compensation of optical wavefront due to perturbations caused by imperfections, natural disturbances, and equipment induced vibrations/deflections to provide near diffraction limited imaging performance in the visible wavelength region. Demonstrate the feasibility of fabricating such systems with reduced mass and cost compared to past approaches. While the SSD could not be expected to satisfy all of the above capabilities, the intent was to start identifying and understanding new technologies that might be applicable to these goals.

Robinson, William G.

1997-01-01

388

Wireless Augmented Reality Prototype (WARP)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Initiated in January, 1997, under NASA's Office of Life and Microgravity Sciences and Applications, the Wireless Augmented Reality Prototype (WARP) is a means to leverage recent advances in communications, displays, imaging sensors, biosensors, voice recognition and microelectronics to develop a hands-free, tetherless system capable of real-time personal display and control of computer system resources. Using WARP, an astronaut may efficiently operate and monitor any computer-controllable activity inside or outside the vehicle or station. The WARP concept is a lightweight, unobtrusive heads-up display with a wireless wearable control unit. Connectivity to the external system is achieved through a high-rate radio link from the WARP personal unit to a base station unit installed into any system PC. The radio link has been specially engineered to operate within the high- interference, high-multipath environment of a space shuttle or space station module. Through this virtual terminal, the astronaut will be able to view and manipulate imagery, text or video, using voice commands to control the terminal operations. WARP's hands-free access to computer-based instruction texts, diagrams and checklists replaces juggling manuals and clipboards, and tetherless computer system access allows free motion throughout a cabin while monitoring and operating equipment.

Devereaux, A. S.

1999-01-01

389

Lateral Buckling Behavior of Build?Up Member Made of HSA700 High Strength Steel (part 1 Development of loading system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new building structure which absorbs the severe earthguake input energy into a damper is developed by Japanese steel companies. If we use the high strength steel member (HSA800 steel as a main frame of a new building structure. We are able to prevent completely main frame under a severe earthquake from damage and easily repair the building after the

Hiroyuki TAMAI Takao TAKAMATSU; Teruaki YAMANISHI Akira MATUO

2009-01-01

390

Requirements Elicitation Using a Combination of Prototypes and Scenarios  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey of different types of prototypes and current prototyping methods is presented. Especially the usage of prototypes with use cases and sce- narios is investigated, and an approach to requirements engineering combining the systematic use of prototyping and use cases is described. The approach con- sists of repeated prototype demonstration sessions with stakeholders in which use cases represented by

Markus Mannio; Uolevi Nikula

2001-01-01

391

Testing reflective insulation for improvement of buildings energy efficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reflective insulation stands as an alternative to common building materials used to reduce a building's heating and cooling loads. In this work, an experimental prototype chamber facility has been designed and constructed at the campus of the Technological Educational Institution of Halkida, located in an area of climatic zone B in Greece, aiming to the evaluation of reflective insulation's performance.

Michalis Gr. Vrachopoulos; Maria K. Koukou; Dimitris G. Stavlas; Vasilis N. Stamatopoulos; Achilleas F. Gonidis; Eleftherios D. Kravvaritis

2011-01-01

392

Cyber-physical energy systems: focus on smart buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Operating at the intersection of multiple sensing and control systems designed for occupant comfort, performability and operational efficiency, modern buildings represent a prototypical cyber-physical system with deeply coupled embedded sensing and networked information processing that has increasingly become part of our daily lives. In this paper, we look at modern buildings entirely as a cyber-physical energy system and examine the

Jan Kleissl; Yuvraj Agarwal

2010-01-01

393

Evaluation of a prototype infrasound system  

SciTech Connect

Under Department of Energy sponsorship, Sandia National Laboratories and Los Alamos National Laboratory cooperated to develop a prototype infrasonic array, with associated documentation, that could be used as part of the International Monitoring System. The United States Government or foreign countries could procure commercially available systems based on this prototype to fulfill their Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) obligations. The prototype is a four-element array in a triangular layout as recommended in CD/NTB/WP.224 with an element at each corner and one in the center. The prototype test configuration utilize an array spacing of 1 km. The prototype infrasound system has the following objectives: (1) Provide a prototype that reliably acquires and transmits near real-time infrasonic data to facilitate the rapid location and identification of atmospheric events. (2) Provide documentation that could be used by the United States and foreign countries to procure infrasound systems commercially to fulfill their CTBT responsibilities. Infrasonic monitoring is an effective, low cost technology for detecting atmospheric explosions. The low frequency components of explosion signals propagate to long ranges (few thousand kilometers) where they can be detected with an array of sensors. Los Alamos National Laboratory`s expertise in infrasound systems and phenomenology when combined with Sandia`s expertise in providing verification quality system for treaty monitoring make an excellent team to provide the prototype infrasound sensor system. By September 1997, the prototype infrasound system will have been procured, integrated, evaluated and documented. Final documentation will include a system requirements document, an evaluation report and a hardware design document. The hardware design document will describe the various hardware components used in the infrasound prototype and their interrelationships.

Whitaker, R.; Sandoval, T. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Breding, D.; Kromer, D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [and others

1997-08-01

394

Experiences of Japanese nurse scholars: insights for U.S. faculty.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to describe the international educational experiences of Japanese nurse scholars to develop more understanding within academic settings in the United States (U.S.). Based on Heideggerian phenomenology, interpretive methods were used to analyze 42 interviews. Participants of this study were 22 Japanese nurse scholars who had received or were in the process of receiving master or doctoral degrees from schools of nursing in the U.S., and three Japanese nurse consultants. To build trust and aid with self-disclosure, participants were interviewed up to three times. The analytic process used overlapping strategies, including early identification of principal themes, interpretive writing based on exemplars, and paradigm cases illustrative of major themes. Themes discussed in this paper include: changes in the sense of self; cultural differences in self-disclosure; the importance of the advisor; mental health issues; strategies for support; differences between practices in the U.S. and Japan; and experiences of returning to Japan. PMID:11355759

Doutrich, D

2001-05-01

395

Suffering Under a Great Injustice: Ansel Adams's Photographs of Japanese-American Internment at Manzanar  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1943, Ansel Adams (1902-1984) documented the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California where Japanese Americans interned during World War II. Presented by the Library of Congress, Ansel Adams's Photographs of Japanese-American Internment at Manzanar displays side-by-side digital scans of Adams's 242 original negatives and 209 photographic prints. Furthermore, viewers get the opportunity not only to see Adam's darkroom techniques but also how he cropped his prints. Some of the photographic images include views of daily life, agricultural scenes, and sports and leisure activities. Adams offered the collection to the Library of Congress in 1965, stating that the purpose of his work was to "show how these people, suffering under a great injustice, and loss of property, businesses and professions, had overcome the sense of defeat and despair by building for themselves a vital community in an arid (but magnificent) environment...." Searchable by keyword and browseable by subject, for the first time, Internet users can get an illustrative glimpse of what life was like for Japanese Americans during this time.

2002-01-01

396

Living in the tide of change: explaining Japanese subjective health from the socio-demographic change  

PubMed Central

Today, countries around the world are caught in the tide of change toward Gesellshaft, or individualistic socio-demographic condition. Recent investigations in Japan have suggested negative impacts of change on emotional and motivational aspects of the Japanese self (Norasakkunkit et al., 2012; Ogihara and Uchida, 2014). Building on previous findings, in Study 1, we measured socio-demographic change toward individualistic societal condition during 1990–2010—two decades marked by great economic recession—at the levels of prefecture and city using archival data. In Study 2, we tested whether Japanese adults' general health, satisfaction with life, self-esteem, and perceived social support were negatively predicted by the change using social survey. Results of hierarchical linear modeling showed small but unique negative effects of the change on several health measures, suggesting that this change had an impact on health, above and beyond individual personality traits, and demographics. Additionally, interdependent happiness, the type of cultural happiness grounded in interdependence of the self (Hitokoto and Uchida, 2014), showed an independent positive relationship with all aspects of health examined. Implications for health studies in changing socio-demographic condition are discussed in the context of Japanese society after economic crisis. PMID:25400604

Hitokoto, Hidefumi; Tanaka-Matsumi, Junko

2014-01-01

397

Relative age effect in Japanese male athletes.  

PubMed

The present study investigated the relative age effect, a biased distribution of elite athletes' birthdates, in Japanese male athletes. Japan applies a unique annual-age grouping for sport and education, which is from April 1 to March 31 of the following year. A total of 4,318 male athletes was evaluated from 12 sports: baseball, soccer, basketball, volleyball, handball, golf, horse racing, rugby, American football, sumo, Ekiden (track and field in long distance), and badminton. They played in the top level of Japanese leagues for each sport in 2010. The distribution of the birth dates was examined in each sport and showed significant relative age effect in baseball, soccer, volleyball, Ekiden, basketball, sumo, and horse racing, but not in all sports. The findings suggest that although the school year in Japan starts on April 1, significant relative age effects are observed in some sporting events. PMID:22185072

Nakata, Hiroki; Sakamoto, Kiwako

2011-10-01

398

An overview of Japanese occupational health.  

PubMed Central

This paper provides an overview of Japanese occupational health and evaluates the current situation from three perspectives. Major occupational health hazards are assessed using four sources of data, showing patterns similar to those found in other advanced industrial societies. Institutional structures for occupational health policy are then examined, illustrating strengths and weaknesses of the Japanese legal and administrative systems. Trade union activities are presented, indicating the constraints of enterprise unions, and the tendency for a greater orientation toward compensation than prevention. Significant occupational health problems persist among marginal workers in Japan, including women and various minority groups. The analysis demonstrates a record for occupational health in Japan considerably more mixed than the conventional view. PMID:2968056

Reich, M R; Frumkin, H

1988-01-01

399

The four INTA-300 rocket prototypes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A development history and performance capability assessment is presented for the INTA-300 'Flamenco' sounding rocket prototype specimens. The Flamenco is a two-stage solid fuel rocket, based on British sounding rocket technology, that can lift 50 km payloads to altitudes of about 300 km. The flight of the first two prototypes, in 1974 and 1975, pointed to vibration problems which reduced the achievable apogee, and the third prototype's flight was marred by a premature detonation that destroyed the rocket. The fourth Flamenco flight, however, yielded much reliable data.

Calero, J. S.

1985-03-01

400

Japanese Computational Grid Research Project: NAREGI  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Research Grid Initiative (NAREGI) is one of the major Japanese national IT projects currently being conducted. NAREGI will cover the period 2003-2007, and collaboration among industry, academia, and the government will play a key role in its success. The Center for Grid Research and Development has been established as a center for R&D of high-performance, scalable grid middleware

SATOSHI MATSUOKA; S. Shinjo; MUTSUMI AOYAGI; SATOSHI SEKIGUCHI; HITOHIDE USAMI; KENICHI MIURA

2005-01-01

401

Applying Japanese management tips to patient accounts.  

PubMed

"Just in time," a Japanese management philosophy that has been applied successfully in manufacturing operations, also can be used to improve management of patient accounts departments. Under its principles, healthcare organizations would develop standardized procedures; involve workers in decision making; set up training and education programs aimed at creating a multi-skilled pool of workers; establish smooth production schedules; and foster cooperation and commitment to the philosophy throughout the organization. PMID:10145235

Groenevelt, C J

1990-04-01

402

Isolation of Mycobacterium abscessus from Japanese Medaka  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japanese medaka Oryzias latipes were cultured at the U.S. Army Biomedical Research and Development Laboratory for use as aquatic toxicity test animals. During routine histological examination, granulomatous lesions were detected, and a low prevalence of Mycobacterium sp. was suspected in the culture system. Fish maintained under experimental and breeding conditions were cultured for acid-fast bacteria. Modified Middlebrook 7H 10 medium

Jeffrey D. Teska; Lorraine E. Twerdok; Joseph Beaman; Marianne Curry; Robert A. Finch

1997-01-01

403

Optic pathway degeneration in Japanese black cattle  

PubMed Central

Degeneration of the optic pathway has been reported in various animal species including cattle. We experienced a case of bilateral optic tract degeneration characterized by severe gliosis in a Japanese black cattle without any obvious visual defects. To evaluate the significance, pathological nature and pathogenesis of the lesions, we examined the optic pathway in 60 cattle (41 Japanese black, 13 Holstein and 6 crossbreed) with or without ocular abnormalities. None of these animals had optic canal stenosis. Degenerative changes with severe gliosis in the optic pathway, which includes the optic nerve, optic chiasm and optic tract, were only observed in 8 Japanese black cattle with or without ocular abnormalities. Furthermore, strong immunoreactivity of glial fibrillary acidic protein was observed in the retinal stratum opticum and ganglion cell layer in all 5 cattle in which the optic pathway lesions could be examined. As etiological research, we also examined whether the concentrations of vitamin A and vitamin B12 or bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) infection was associated with optic pathway degeneration. However, our results suggested that the observed optic pathway degeneration was probably not caused by these factors. These facts indicate the presence of optic pathway degeneration characterized by severe gliosis that has never been reported in cattle without bilateral compressive lesions in the optic pathway or bilateral severe retinal atrophy. PMID:25421501

CHIBA, Shiori; FUNATO, Shingo; HORIUCHI, Noriyuki; MATSUMOTO, Kotaro; INOKUMA, Hisashi; FURUOKA, Hidefumi; KOBAYASHI, Yoshiyasu

2014-01-01

404

Optic pathway degeneration in Japanese black cattle.  

PubMed

Degeneration of the optic pathway has been reported in various animal species including cattle. We experienced a case of bilateral optic tract degeneration characterized by severe gliosis in a Japanese black cattle without any obvious visual defects. To evaluate the significance, pathological nature and pathogenesis of the lesions, we examined the optic pathway in 60 cattle (41 Japanese black, 13 Holstein and 6 crossbreed) with or without ocular abnormalities. None of these animals had optic canal stenosis. Degenerative changes with severe gliosis in the optic pathway, which includes the optic nerve, optic chiasm and optic tract, were only observed in 8 Japanese black cattle with or without ocular abnormalities. Furthermore, strong immunoreactivity of glial fibrillary acidic protein was observed in the retinal stratum opticum and ganglion cell layer in all 5 cattle in which the optic pathway lesions could be examined. As etiological research, we also examined whether the concentrations of vitamin A and vitamin B12 or bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) infection was associated with optic pathway degeneration. However, our results suggested that the observed optic pathway degeneration was probably not caused by these factors. These facts indicate the presence of optic pathway degeneration characterized by severe gliosis that has never been reported in cattle without bilateral compressive lesions in the optic pathway or bilateral severe retinal atrophy. PMID:25421501

Chiba, Shiori; Funato, Shingo; Horiuchi, Noriyuki; Matsumoto, Kotaro; Inokuma, Hisashi; Furuoka, Hidefumi; Kobayashi, Yoshiyasu

2015-03-01

405

Developmental Sentence Scoring for Japanese (DSSJ)  

PubMed Central

This paper reports on the development and use of the Developmental Sentence Scoring for Japanese (DSSJ), a new morpho-syntactical measure for Japanese constructed after the model of the English Developmental Sentence Scoring model (Lee, 1974). Using this measure, we calculated DSSJ scores for 84 children divided into six age groups between 2;8 and 5;2 on the basis of 100-sentence samples collected from free-play child-adult conversations. The analysis showed a high correlation of the DSSJ overall score with the Mean Length of Utterance. The analysis of the DSSJ subarea scores revealed large variations between these subarea scores for children with similar overall DSSJ scores. When investigating the high-scoring children (over 1 SD over group average), most children scored high in three to five subareas, but the combination of scores for these subareas varied from child to child. It is concluded that DSSJ is a valuable tool especially for the language acquisition research. The overall DSSJ score reliably reflects the overall morpho-syntactic development of Japanese children, and the subarea scores provide specific information on individual acquisition patterns. PMID:25414535

Miyata, Susanne; MacWhinney, Brian; Otomo, Kiyoshi; Sirai, Hidetosi; Oshima-Takane, Yuriko; Hirakawa, Makiko; Shirai, Yasuhiro; Sugiura, Masatoshi; Itoh, Keiko

2014-01-01

406

Is DSM widely accepted by Japanese clinicians?  

PubMed

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd edition (DSM-III), a new standardized diagnostic system with multiaxial diagnosis, operational criteria and renewed definitions of mental disorders, was introduced in 1980 and prompted movements to reform conventions in Japanese psychiatry. This review overviews the initial response of Japanese clinicians to accept DSM-III, and its effects on the development of systematic research of psychiatric diagnosis. These new research activities include those on reliability of psychiatric diagnosis, application of various evaluation tools, discussion on the concept of mental disorders, relation of personality disorders with depressive disorders, and Taijin-kyofusho, or culturally distinctive phobia in Japan. A reference database search to survey the latest trend on psychiatric research indicated that the number of papers published by Japanese workers increased sharply after 1987, and DSM apparently greatly influenced their internationalization. Twenty years after the publication of DSM-III, a questionnaire on the use of DSM-IV was set out in 2000 to survey how widely DSM is utilized in clinical practice in Japan. Two hundred and twelve psychiatrists answered the questionnaire, and the results show that DSM has been accepted positively by the younger generation, while the older generation (over 40s) has still less interest in DSM, and DSM is used mainly for research purposes rather than in daily practice. PMID:11555338

Someya, T; Takahashi, M; Takahashi, M

2001-10-01

407

Japanese American Exhibit and Access Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, created by the University of Washington, is a rare find: an excellent, well-crafted, content-rich online exhibit paired with a very useful guide to archival holdings on the same subject. The subject is the forcible internment of Japanese Americans on the American west coast. This exhibit chronicles the experiences of Seattle's Japanese Americans in the Spring and Summer of 1942, when they were removed from their homes and taken to Puyallup assembly center, nicknamed "Camp Harmony" by Army information officers. There they spent four months before being moved to another camp in Idaho. The exhibit itself is a bit slow to load, but well worth the wait. Photos and informative pieces are mixed with original documents, including evacuation orders, articles from Seattle newspapers and the camp newsletter, and official camp documents. The site also offers full and partial guides to the considerable holdings of related materials at the Manuscripts and University Archives. Other features include a bibliography of secondary works held at the University and a link to an associated site on Japanese Canadian internment and redress.

408

Japanese contributions to International Planetary Data Alliance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this presentation, we will introduce Japanese contributions to the data archives for international collaborations. In Japan, the importance of planetary data archive was not recognized enough until early in 2000's. While NASA and ESA started their collaborations to their archives: PDS and PSA, and tried to make the new standard, JAXA was looking for the way of contributions because Japan did not have own data and archiving policy. The activities of NASA and ESA extended to the international collaborations, and International Planetary Data Alliance was established. JAXA had an opportunity to join the IPDA as an agency member. One of the contributions, the IPDA chairman was undertaken by Japanese member. The projects in IPDA were managed and were proceeded successfully during the term. For the technical part, JAXA is making several pilot systems to share planetary data. Planetary Data Access Protocol, PDAP, developed by IPDA, is implemented in JAXA's system, and provides a search system for Hayabusa and Kaguya (SELENE) data. Not only for Japanese data, but also Apollo's seismic data archives are prepared for scientific communities. The seismic data on the moon has not been measured for a long time, and Apollo's data are still precious and should be archived together with much information. The contributions to planetary data archives has just started and continues as a member of IPDA.

Yamamoto, Yukio; Kasaba, Yasumasa; Hirata, Naru; Shinohara, Iku

2012-07-01

409

Green Buildings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the Department of Energy's Center of Excellence for Sustainable Development, this Green Buildings site serves as a detailed metapage for environmentally conscious architects, engineers, and builders. As the introduction to the site points out, "The design, construction, and maintenance of buildings has a tremendous impact on our environment and our natural resources." The site offers carefully summarized links to relevant Websites and publications on topics such as building principles, building programs, rating systems, affordable housing, codes/ordinances, educational materials, and more. This site may be of interest to those who want practical applications for protecting the environment.

410

Building Together  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this Bob the Builder(TM)-themed activity, learners explore what it means to work together as a team. Learners repeat the phrase “Can We Build It?(TM) Yes We Can!” until they can chant it together as a team. Then, learners repeat the chant at each activity station. Learners rotate through the stations where they build with blocks, LEGO® bricks or other small manipulatives, hammer nails and wood, pump with water, and construct a building site by moving sand with toy trucks. This activity is featured on page 9 of the "Bob the Builder(TM) — Project: Build It" unit of study.

2014-04-30

411

Seroprevalence of Japanese encephalitis virus infection in captive Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata).  

PubMed

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), which is transmitted by mosquitoes, infects many animal species and causes serious acute encephalitis in humans and horses. In this study, a serosurvey of JEV in Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) reared in Aichi Prefecture was conducted using purified JEV as an antigen for ELISA. The results revealed that 146 of 332 monkeys (44 %) were seropositive for JEV. In addition, 35 of 131 monkeys (27 %) born in the facility were seropositive, and the annual infection rate in the facility was estimated as 13 %. Our results provide evidence of the frequent exposure of many Japanese macaques to JEV, suggesting that there is a risk of JEV transmission to humans by mosquitoes. PMID:24748049

Shimoda, Hiroshi; Saito, Akatsuki; Noguchi, Keita; Terada, Yutaka; Kuwata, Ryusei; Akari, Hirofumi; Takasaki, Tomohiko; Maeda, Ken

2014-07-01

412

Chapter 23. Continuity and Change in Japanese Values and Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Chapter 1 we introduced the view of James Abegglen (1958, 1973) in the context of the convergence-divergence debate [>i>The Japanese Economy>\\/i> 27, no. 2: 30-31]. Simply put, his view, which represents the divergence school of thought, is that Japanese management practices are unique, because Japanese culture is unique. In this chapter and the next we will introduce the views

Makoto Ohtsu; Shigeya Adachi; Atsuko Nagano

1999-01-01

413

Norcal Prototype LNG Truck Fleet: Final Results  

SciTech Connect

U.S. DOE and National Renewable Energy Laboratory evaluated Norcal Waste Systems liquefied natural gas (LNG) waste transfer trucks. Trucks had prototype Cummins Westport ISXG engines. Report gives final evaluation results.

Not Available

2004-07-01

414

Rapid Production of Composite Prototype Hardware  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of this research was to provide a mechanism to cost-effectively produce composite hardware prototypes. The task was to take a hands-on approach to developing new technologies that could benefit multiple future programs.

DeLay, T. K.

2000-01-01

415

The Calice Scintillator HCAL Testbeam Prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A highly-granular, 38-layer, analog scintillator-tile hadron calorimeter prototype is under construction by members of the Calice collaboration in order to study hadronic shower shapes and to test the calorimetric aspects of particle-flow.

Eigen, Gerald

2006-10-01

416

The CALICE hadron scintillator tile calorimeter prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The CALICE Collaboration develops high granularity calorimeters to achieve excellent energy resolution at ILC. One type is a four million channel scintillator tile Hadron Calorimeter (AHCAL) read out with novel photodetectors—Silicon PhotoMultipliers (SiPM). A 1 m 3 prototype with 7608 channels was built in order to test the Particle Flow concept and to gain experience with the novel techniques. The prototype and MEPhI/Pulsar SiPMs have demonstrated excellent performance and stability during several months of testing at CERN and FNAL in 2006-2008. Less than 0.08% of SiPMs are broken. The SiPM calibration and monitoring procedures have been developed. Improved SiPMs have been developed by CPTA for the next engineering prototype and their properties are discussed. This prototype will have very slim sensitive planes with electronics inside. It addresses all engineering issues relevant to the real calorimeter at ILC.

Buanes, T.; Danilov, M.; Eigen, G.; Göttlicher, P.; Markin, O.; Reinecke, M.; Tarkovsky, E.; Calice Collaboration

2010-11-01

417

VO for Education: Archive Prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The number of remote control telescopes dedicated to education is increasing in many countries, leading to correspondingly larger and larger amount of stored educational data that are usually available only to local observers. Here we present the project for a new infrastructure that will allow teachers using educational telescopes to archive their data and easily publish them within the Virtual Observatory (VO) avoiding the complexity of professional tools. Students and teachers anywhere will be able to access these data with obvious benefits for the realization of grander scale collaborative projects. Educational VO data will also be an important resource for teachers not having direct access to any educational telescopes. We will use the educational telescope at our observatory in Trieste as a prototype for the future VO educational data archive resource. The publishing infrastructure will include: user authentication, content and curation validation, data validation and ingestion, VO compliant resource generation. All of these parts will be performed by means of server side applications accessible through a web graphical user interface (web GUI). Apart from user registration, that will be validated by a natural person responsible for the archive (after having verified the reliability of the user and inspected one or more test files), all the subsequent steps will be automated. This means that at the very first data submission through the webGUI, a complete resource including archive and published VO service will be generated, ready to be registered to the VO. The efforts required to the registered user will consist only in describing herself/himself at registration step and submitting the data she/he selects for publishing after each observation sessions. The infrastructure will be file format independent and the underlying data model will use a minimal set of standard VO keywords, some of which will be specific for outreach and education, possibly including VO field identification (astronomy, planetary science, solar physics). The VO published resource description will be suggested such as to allow selective access to educational data by VO aware tools, differentiating them from professional data while treating them with the same procedures, protocols and tools. The whole system will be very flexible, scalable and with the objective to leave as less work as possible to humans.

Ramella, M.; Iafrate, G.; De Marco, M.; Molinaro, M.; Knapic, C.; Smareglia, R.; Cepparo, F.

2014-05-01

418

Cyberinfrastructure for Rapid Prototyping Capability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The overall goal of the NASA Rapid Prototyping Capability is to speed the evaluation of potential uses of NASA research products and technologies to improve future operational systems by reducing the time to access, configure, and assess the effectiveness of NASA products and technologies. The infrastructure to support the RPC is thus expected to provide the capability to rapidly evaluate innovative methods of linking science observations. The RPC infrastructure supports two major categories of experiments (and subsequent analysis): comparing results of a particular model as fed with data coming from different sources, and comparing different models using the data coming from the same source. In spite of being conceptually simple, two use cases in fact entail a significant technical challenge. Enabling RPC experiments requires thus a radical simplification of access to both actual and simulated data, as well as tools for data pre- and post-processing. The tools must be interoperable, allowing the user to create computational workflows with the data seamlessly transferred as needed, including third-party transfers to high-performance computing platforms. In addition, the provenance of the data must be preserved in order to document results of different what-if scenarios and to enable collaboration and data sharing between users. The functionality of the RPC splits into several independent modules such as interactive Web site, data server, tool's interfaces, or monitoring service. Each such module is implemented as an independent portlet. The RPC Portal aggregates the different contents provided by the portlets into a single interface employing a popular GridSphere portlet container. The RPC data access is based on Unidata's THREDDS Data server (TDS) extended to support, among others, interactive creation of containers for new data collections and uploading new data sets, downloading the data either to the user desktop or transferring it to a remote location using gridFTP, displaying the provenance of datasets, and invoking tools for the selected files. To enable performing experiments, RPC supports three types of tools integrated with TDS: (1) Standalone tools capable of connecting to the RPC data server to browse datasets, but otherwise performing all operations independently of the RPC infrastructure; (2) Transformations that take a dataset or a collection as an input, and output the transformed files, such as HEG, MRT, ART, and TSPT; (3) The data viewers and statistical analysis tools which do not produce new datasets.

Haupt, T. A.; Kalyanasundaram, A.; Zhuk, I.; Goli, V.

2007-12-01

419

Characterization of Prototype LSST CCDs  

SciTech Connect

The ambitious science goals of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) will be achieved in part by a wide-field imager that will achieve a new level of performance in terms of area, speed, and sensitivity. The instrument performance is dominated by the focal plane sensors, which are now in development. These new-generation sensors will make use of advanced semiconductor technology and will be complemented by a highly integrated electronics package located inside the cryostat. A test laboratory has been set up at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) to characterize prototype sensors and to develop test and assembly techniques for eventual integration of production sensors and electronics into modules that will form the final focal plane. As described in [1], the key requirements for LSST sensors are wideband quantum efficiency (QE) extending beyond lpm in the red, control of point spread function (PSF), and fast readout using multiple amplifiers per chip operated in parallel. In addition, LSST's fast optical system (f71.25) places severe constraints on focal plane flatness. At the chip level this involves packaging techniques to minimize warpage of the silicon die, and at the mosaic level careful assembly and metrology to achieve a high coplanarity of the sensor tiles. In view of the long lead time to develop the needed sensor technology, LSST undertook a study program with several vendors to fabricate and test devices which address the most critical performance features [2]. The remainder of this paper presents key results of this study program. Section 2 summarizes the sensor requirements and the results of design optimization studies, and Section 3 presents the sensor development plan. In Section 4 we describe the test bench at BNL. Section 5 reports measurement results obtained to date oh devices fabricated by several vendors. Section 6 presents a summary of the paper and an outlook for the future work. We present characterization methods and results on a number of new devices produced specifically to address LSST's performance goals, including flatness, QE, PSF, dark current, read noise, CTE, cosmetics, and crosstalk. The results indicate that commercially produced, thick n-channel over-depleted CCDs with excellent red response can achieve tight PSF at moderate applied substrate bias with no evidence of persistent image artifacts. We will also report ongoing studies of mosaic assembly techniques to achieve chip-to-chip co-planarity, high fill factor, and thermal stability.

OCONNOR,P.; FRANK, J.; GEARY, J.C.; GILMORE, D.K.; KOTOV, I.; RADEKA, V.; TAKACS, P.; TYSON, J.A.

2008-06-23

420

Chromosome abnormalities in embryos from lines of Japanese quail divergently selected for body weight  

E-print Network

Chromosome abnormalities in embryos from lines of Japanese quail divergently selected for body analysis was made of 927 embryos from lines of Japanese quail (coturnix) divergently selected for body). Key words :Japanese quail, coturnix, embryos, chromosome abnormality, heteroploidy. Résumé Anomalies

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

421

Extinction of Food-Reinforced Instrumental Behavior in Japanese Quail (Coturnix japonica)  

E-print Network

Extinction of Food-Reinforced Instrumental Behavior in Japanese Quail (Coturnix japonica) Jonathan University Germán Gutiérrez Universidad Nacional de Colombia Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) were, Japanese quail Changes in responding after incentive shifts are of great interest because they reflect

Cooper, Brenton G.

422

Testing reflective insulation for improvement of buildings energy efficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reflective insulation stands as an alternative to common building materials used to reduce a building’s heating and cooling\\u000a loads. In this work, an experimental prototype chamber facility has been designed and constructed at the campus of the Technological\\u000a Educational Institution of Halkida, located in an area of climatic zone B in Greece, aiming to the evaluation of reflective\\u000a insulation’s performance.

Michalis Gr. Vrachopoulos; Maria K. Koukou; Dimitris G. Stavlas; Vasilis N. Stamatopoulos; Achilleas F. Gonidis; Eleftherios D. Kravvaritis

423

Japanese Studies Resources Guide: Duke University East Asian Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Kristina Kade Troost, East Asian Librarian at Duke, has constructed an excellent collection of resources for Japanese Studies. This site describes resources available at Duke and through the Internet, including encyclopedias, general and subject bibliographies, word and name dictionaries, periodical and newspaper indexes and holdings, library and book catalogs, East Asian collections in the US, related web sites, and Japan-related discussion lists. The guide covers both English and Japanese language resources and special software is necessary to decode the Japanese. This is a rich, detailed, and easy to navigate site that serves as an excellent starting point for any search for Japanese resources on the Internet.

424

A Prototype Calibration Target for Spectral Imaging  

Microsoft Academic Search

A prototype calibration target was designed and tested for spectral imaging that consisted of 14 samples, nine of which were derived from statistical analyses of artist paints and a five-step grey scale. This target was compared with those commonly used when calibrating spectral-imaging systems. An Esser TE221 scanner target, GretagMacbeth ColorChecker DC, GretagMacbeth ColorChecker Color Rendition Chart, and the prototype

M. Mohammadi; M. Nezamabadi; R. S. Berns; L. A. Taplin

425

Preliminary Component Integration Using Rapid Prototyping Techniques  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Rapid prototyping is a very important tool that should be used by both design and manufacturing disciplines during the development of elements for the aerospace industry. It helps prevent lack of adequate communication between design and manufacturing engineers (which could lead to costly errors) through mutual consideration of functional models generated from drawings. Rapid prototyping techniques are used to test hardware for design and material compatibility at Marshall Space Flight Center.

Cooper, Ken; Salvail, Pat; Gordon, Gail (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

426

NEON Citizen Science: Planning and Prototyping  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) will be a national resource for ecological research and education. NEON citizen science projects are being designed to increase awareness and educate citizen scientists about the impacts of climate change, land-use change, and invasive species on continental-scale ecological processes as well as expand NEON data collection capacity by enabling laypersons to collect geographically distributed data. The citizen science area of the NEON web portal will enable citizen scientists to collect, contribute, interpret, and visualize scientific data, as well as access training modules, collection protocols and targeted learning experiences related to citizen science project topics. For NEON, citizen science projects are a means for interested people to interact with and contribute to NEON science. Investigations at vast spatial and temporal scales often require rapid acquisition of large amounts of data from a geographically distributed population of "human sensors." As a continental-scale ecological observatory, NEON is uniquely positioned to develop strategies to effectively integrate data collected by non-scientists into scientific databases. Ultimately, we plan to work collaboratively to transform the practice of science to include "citizens" or non-scientists in the process. Doing science is not limited to scientists, and breaking down the barriers between scientists and citizens will help people better understand the power of using science in their own decision making. In preparation for fully developing the NEON citizen science program, we are partnering with Project BudBurst (PBB), a citizen science project focused on monitoring plant phenology. The educational goals of PBB are to: (1) increase awareness of climate change, (2) educate citizen scientists about the impacts of climate change on plants and the environment, and (3) increase science literacy by engaging participants in the scientific process. Phenology was chosen as the focus of this citizen science campaign because it is a visible and comprehensible way of demonstrating the effects of climate change. In addition, plants are readily accessible in nearly every neighborhood and park, and wild area across the continent, so people can make observations whether they live near an inner city park or in the rural countryside. Recently, NEON developed data visualization tools for Project BudBurst to engage citizen science participants in "doing science" beyond data collection. By prototyping NEON citizen science through Project BudBurst, NEON is developing a better understanding of how to build a citizen science program that addresses areas of awareness, mastery, and leadership of scientific information like that which NEON will produce over the next 30 years.

Newman, S. J.; Henderson, S.; Gardiner, L. S.; Ward, D.; Gram, W.

2011-12-01

427

Building Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From residential houses to hundred-story skyscrapers, many different technologies come together to make a building safe and comfortable. Building design is a continually changing industry, and new advances are being made possible as research progresses.Sustainable development is gaining popularity worldwide in an effort to minimize environmental impact. The Center for Resourceful Building Technology (1) maintains an online guide that describes building practices that are resource-efficient; some information on the center's research projects is also available. Similar in topic is this report from the National Association of Home Builders Research Center (2). The 70-page document is the final report of an April 2003 conference on green building; it gives day-by-day summaries of presentations and activities in which the conference participants were involved. Office buildings have a number of design issues that need to be considered to make a productive work environment. One such issue is the acoustics in a cubicle workspace. The Canadian Institute for Research in Construction (3) discusses some design factors that can improve privacy even in the very open atmosphere of closely spaced cubicles. In the wake of the 2001 anthrax scare, a research project at Pennsylvania State University has garnered significant attention. This paper (4) introduces immune buildings, which have advanced ventilation and air filtration systems that can mitigate the danger caused by airborne pathogens. Experimental results from the project are also presented. The US Department of Energy High Performance Building Initiative (5) is investigating new technologies to make commercial buildings more comfortable and cost effective. Several interesting technical papers and introductory reports are given on the initiative's homepage, including a technology road map for high performance buildings. This essay from the June 2003 issue of Constructech Magazine (6) highlights a movement toward integrated control systems for all types of buildings. The author notes that having a unified system that automatically manages security, lighting, energy, and several other building operations can save time and money in the long run. Another article, written by a member of the Partnership for Advanced Technology in Housing (7), discusses building materials and practices that can improve residential installation's resistance to major storms and natural disasters. An example of an area that is using these weather resistant designs is in Florida; the article cites the vulnerability of coastal homes to hurricanes and outlines some efforts to build them in a more structurally sound manner. Lastly, the Commercial Modular Construction Magazine (8) is a quarterly publication that centers on permanent and temporary modular building design. The second issue of 2003 has, among other things, a good article that describes the basics and benefits of modular construction.

Leske, Cavin.

428

Medication Reconciliation: Work Domain Ontology, prototype development, and a predictive model.  

PubMed

Medication errors can result from administration inaccuracies at any point of care and are a major cause for concern. To develop a successful Medication Reconciliation (MR) tool, we believe it necessary to build a Work Domain Ontology (WDO) for the MR process. A WDO defines the explicit, abstract, implementation-independent description of the task by separating the task from work context, application technology, and cognitive architecture. We developed a prototype based upon the WDO and designed to adhere to standard principles of interface design. The prototype was compared to Legacy Health System's and Pre-Admission Medication List Builder MR tools via a Keystroke-Level Model analysis for three MR tasks. The analysis found the prototype requires the fewest mental operations, completes tasks in the fewest steps, and completes tasks in the least amount of time. Accordingly, we believe that developing a MR tool, based upon the WDO and user interface guidelines, improves user efficiency and reduces cognitive load. PMID:22195146

Markowitz, Eliz; Bernstam, Elmer V; Herskovic, Jorge; Zhang, Jiajie; Shneiderman, Ben; Plaisant, Catherine; Johnson, Todd R

2011-01-01

429

MPACT Fast Neutron Multiplicity System Prototype Development  

SciTech Connect

This document serves as both an FY2103 End-of-Year and End-of-Project report on efforts that resulted in the design of a prototype fast neutron multiplicity counter leveraged upon the findings of previous project efforts. The prototype design includes 32 liquid scintillator detectors with cubic volumes 7.62 cm in dimension configured into 4 stacked rings of 8 detectors. Detector signal collection for the system is handled with a pair of Struck Innovative Systeme 16-channel digitizers controlled by in-house developed software with built-in multiplicity analysis algorithms. Initial testing and familiarization of the currently obtained prototype components is underway, however full prototype construction is required for further optimization. Monte Carlo models of the prototype system were performed to estimate die-away and efficiency values. Analysis of these models resulted in the development of a software package capable of determining the effects of nearest-neighbor rejection methods for elimination of detector cross talk. A parameter study was performed using previously developed analytical methods for the estimation of assay mass variance for use as a figure-of-merit for system performance. A software package was developed to automate these calculations and ensure accuracy. The results of the parameter study show that the prototype fast neutron multiplicity counter design is very nearly optimized under the restraints of the parameter space.

D.L. Chichester; S.A. Pozzi; J.L. Dolan; M.T. Kinlaw; S.J. Thompson; A.C. Kaplan; M. Flaska; A. Enqvist; J.T. Johnson; S.M. Watson

2013-09-01

430

A study of building energy management system based of multi agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy management of buildings has a lot of issues, such as response to the change of the building or functions. In order to cope with such problems, the new building energy management system based on multiagent, BEMAS, has been designed. Based on the design, a prototype system with limited functions has been developed. The agents are assigned for every component

Fumiaki Obayashi; Yoshihiko Tokunaga

2003-01-01

431

Compact form fitting small antennas using three-dimensional rapid prototyping  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Three-dimensional (3D) rapid prototyping holds significant promise for future antenna designs. Many complex designs that would be unmanufacturable or costly are realizable on a 3D printing machine. The ability to create 3D designs of virtually any configuration makes it possible to build compact antennas that can form fit to any space. These antennas build on the concept that small antennas can best reach the ideal operating limit when utilizing the entire 3D space in a sphere surrounding the antenna. Antennas require a combination of dielectric and conductive materials. 3D rapid prototyping is already well advanced for plastics and dielectric materials (with more options coming online). Prototyping with conductive materials has lagged behind; due mainly to their higher melting points, but this is advancing as well. This dissertation focuses on 3D rapid prototyping for antenna design. A 3D antenna made from small cubical cells is optimized for 2.4--3GHz using a genetic algorithm (GA). The antennas are built using 3D printing of plastic covered by conductive paint. The effects of the conductivity of the paint and number of layers on the resonance and gain of the antenna are evaluated. These results demonstrate the feasibility of using 3D rapid prototyping for antenna design. A 3D dipole is also optimized using a GA to function from 510--910MHz. The antenna was built using 3D rapid prototyping from plastic. The 3D antenna was covered with a conductive coating and measured, showing good agreement with simulation. The 3D GA is used to design 3D antennas of random shape to fit inside the empty space in a cell phone case and optimized for cell phone bands 800--900MHz and 1.6--3.7GHz. The research also evaluates methods and materials that can be used to produce 3D antennas. In addition to the flexibility that 3D prototyping brings to antenna design, this paper describes how this new and emerging method for building antennas can provide fast and affordable antennas for testing, teaching, and fast turn-around prototyping.

Willis, Bryan Jon

432

Learning Buildings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication, from a non-profit organization in Britain concerned with educational facilities design, aims to stimulate a debate about the building environment of secondary schools in relation to other dimensions--people, the learning process, and the institutional framework. Its chapters are: (1) "School Buildings in Britain Today"; (2)…

Annesley, Barbara; Horne, Matthew; Cottam, Hilary

433

Building Green  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There's a great deal of talk about "building green" in the architecture and design world, but to many, this phrase may not mean a great deal. This website, created by the Building Green company, can help the uninitiated learn more about this subject. First-time visitors should click on the "Green Building Information" area. Here they can get answers to such question as "What is green?" and also learn more about green design strategies and the LEED rating system. Right next to this section is the "Case Studies" area, which features green building projects like elementary schools, commercial facilities, and university buildings. The site is rounded out by a "News" area and a detailed bibliography of websites, print resources, and so on.

434

Ferroelectric liquid crystal SLMs: from prototypes to products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The road from a new technology's proof-of-principle prototype to commercially successful products always seems to be more challenging, more expensive, and longer than its inventors had imagined. Displaytech built its first experimental FLC-VLSI SLMs in 1989, began ramping up its efforts to commercialize FLC-VLSI displays around 1995, and now is building more than 100,000 displays per month with its manufacturing partner Miyota. Here we review the motivation for using FLC-VLSI technology and trace the developments that were necessary for its commercialization. We discuss problems that had to be overcome in FLC materials, device design, manufacturing, applications, product definition, and systems support in order to develop the technology and to lower barriers to its adoption by customers. The principal focus here is on technical challenges encountered in manufacturing and in FLC materials development that had to be met to go from hand-built prototypes to mass production. We also review future potential markets other than displays and describe some of our work on experimental FLC-VLSI devices that addresses those opportunities. Examples include holographic optical data storage, 3D projection, optical image processing, smart-pixel SLMs, and high-speed computer interfaces needed to support high frame rate SLMs.

O'Callaghan, Michael J.; Handschy, Mark A.

2001-11-01

435

In-flight Calibration and Testing of the Extreme Universe Space Observatory Balloon-borne Prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Extreme Universe Space Observatory on the Japanese Experiment Module (JEM-EUSO) is being designed to observe extensive air showers caused by extreme energy cosmic rays striking the atmosphere. It is being planned for installation on the International Space Station near the end of this decade. As a developmental step a balloon-borne prototype of EUSO is being prepared for its first flight in Canada this fall. We describe a plan to calibrate and test this pathfinder in flight using scattered light from a UV laser and direct light from a UV flasher mounted on a helicopter. The helicopter will be flown under the balloon at altitudes ranging up to 10,000 ft. The light signals from these sources will provide an absolute in-situ calibration for possible light flashes observed during the balloon flight from extensive air showers or background flashes that resemble those from air showers.

Eser, Johannes; Adams, James; Christl, Mark; Wiencke, Lawrence; Sarazin, Fred

436

A prototype feature system for feature retrieval using relationships  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Using a feature data model, geographic phenomena can be represented effectively by integrating space, theme, and time. This paper extends and implements a feature data model that supports query and visualization of geographic features using their non-spatial and temporal relationships. A prototype feature-oriented geographic information system (FOGIS) is then developed and storage of features named Feature Database is designed. Buildings from the U.S. Marine Corps Base, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina and subways in Chicago, Illinois are used to test the developed system. The results of the applications show the strength of the feature data model and the developed system 'FOGIS' when they utilize non-spatial and temporal relationships in order to retrieve and visualize individual features.

Choi, J.; Usery, E.L.

2009-01-01

437

Development and Test of a Prototype 100MVA Superconducting Generator  

SciTech Connect

In 2002, General Electric and the US Department of Energy (DOE) entered into a cooperative agreement for the development of a commercialized 100 MVA generator using high temperature superconductors (HTS) in the field winding. The intent of the program was to: • Identify and develop technologies that would be needed for such a generator. • Develop conceptual designs for generators with ratings of 100 MVA and higher using HTS technology. • Perform proof of concept tests at the 1.5 MW level for GE’s proprietary warm iron rotor HTS generator concept. • Design, build, and test a prototype of a commercially viable 100 MVA generator that could be placed on the power grid. This report summarizes work performed during the program and is provided as one of the final program deliverables.

Fogarty, James M.; Bray, James W.

2007-05-25

438

Final report for 1.7 megajoule prototype bank testing  

SciTech Connect

American Control Engineering is pleased to submit to LLNL this Final Report describing the final assembly and preliminary testing of the 1.7 megajoule prototype capacitor bank that is located at our facility. The purpose of this test program was to evaluate and characterize the performance of this capacitor bank. These tests were necessary in order to proceed with the design of a final building block module that is to be used to create a reliable and cost effective multi-hundred megajoule energy storage system. The period of performance covered by this contract is from January 1, 1991 through August 31, 1992. American Control Engineering has provided all of the necessary facilities, personnel and materials that were required to perform this testing effort (except for the existing capacitor bank, the LLNL provided flashlamp assembly and E-size ignitron switch tube), An overall view of the assembled capacitor bank system as it appeared at the completion of this subcontract is shown. The initial statement-of-work for the testing and characterization of the capacitor bank was as follows: (1) Measure all of the principal electrical parameters for the 1.7 megajoule prototype capacitor bank at low voltage before proceeding to high voltage testing. This low voltage testing is to include measurement of both normal and fault current and voltage waveforms, starting with the smallest building block grouping and proceeding systematically through to the capacitor bank load. (2) Assemble and attach each of the major subsystem elements to the capacitor bank as they are required for low voltage testing including the ignition output switch structure, coaxial transmission line and load assembly. (3) Make comparison of the test results collected through low voltage testing with those forecasted by the computer mode. Evaluate and resolve any discrepancies between the two results until the computer model achieves reasonable agreement with the actual measured test results.

NONE

1995-10-01

439

Roles of Extension Officers to Promote Social Capital in Japanese Agricultural Communities  

PubMed Central

Social capital has been found to be correlated with community welfare, but it is not easy to build and maintain it. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the role of professional coordinators of social relationships to create and maintain social capital in a community. We focused on extension officers in Japanese agricultural communities, who help farmers in both technical and social matters. A large nation-wide survey of extension officers as well as two supplementary surveys were conducted. We found that (1) social capital-related activities (e.g., assistance for building organizations among farmers) were particularly effective for solving problems; (2) social capital (trust relationships) among community residents increased their life quality; (3) social capital in local communities was correlated with extension officers' own communication skills and harmonious relationships among their colleagues. In sum, social capital in local communities is maintained by coordinators with professional social skills. PMID:24642575

Takemura, Kosuke; Uchida, Yukiko; Yoshikawa, Sakiko

2014-01-01

440

Roles of extension officers to promote social capital in Japanese agricultural communities.  

PubMed

Social capital has been found to be correlated with community welfare, but it is not easy to build and maintain it. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the role of professional coordinators of social relationships to create and maintain social capital in a community. We focused on extension officers in Japanese agricultural communities, who help farmers in both technical and social matters. A large nation-wide survey of extension officers as well as two supplementary surveys were conducted. We found that (1) social capital-related activities (e.g., assistance for building organizations among farmers) were particularly effective for solving problems; (2) social capital (trust relationships) among community residents increased their life quality; (3) social capital in local communities was correlated with extension officers' own communication skills and harmonious relationships among their colleagues. In sum, social capital in local communities is maintained by coordinators with professional social skills. PMID:24642575

Takemura, Kosuke; Uchida, Yukiko; Yoshikawa, Sakiko

2014-01-01

441

2009 RIETI Survey on Currency Invoicing and Exchange Rate Risk Management of Japanese Firms (Japanese)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The currency invoicing patterns of firms in Japan is one of the most interesting research issues, because, unlike other developed countries, it is not the yen but the U.S. dollar that plays a major role in currency invoicing of Japanese trade. However, detailed data on the invoicing choice is not available, presenting a major obstacle to rigorous empirical examination. To

ITO Takatoshi; KOIBUCHI Satoshi; SATO Kiyotaka; SHIMIZU Junko

2010-01-01

442

Relationship between age and drinking patterns and drinking problems among Japanese, Japanese-Americans, and Caucasians.  

PubMed

Comparing alcohol consumption patterns by age and gender among Japanese in Japan and Japanese-Americans and Caucasians in the United States, this study examined the associations between age and both heavy drinking and social problems using logistic regression for each ethnic group of male current drinkers. As reported in previous studies of Caucasians, men drink more alcohol than women, older respondents are more likely than younger ones to be abstainers, and the percentages of heavier drinkers and problem drinkers are higher among the young than among older people. Although Japanese-Americans reported consuming less alcohol than Caucasians, their drinking patterns by age were similar: among both United States populations, younger respondents are at higher risk for drinking problems than older respondents, even when alcohol consumption and sociodemographic variables are controlled by logistic regression. However, this association of age and drinking patterns and drinking problems is not universal. Japanese men consumed more alcohol and had a higher proportion of heavier drinkers in the middle age groups; the association between age and drinking problems also varied in this group. In addition to aging, sociocultural factors such as drinking norms probably account for the differences in drinking behavior among different age groups. This study may stimulate further cross-cultural comparison of drinking patterns and problems. PMID:8048731

Higuchi, S; Parrish, K M; Dufour, M C; Towle, L H; Harford, T C

1994-04-01

443

Perspectives from Japanese Staff in Canadian ESL Schools regarding Japanese Students' Groupism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study, which stems from a critical approach to common perceptions about ESL learners in the TESOL community, examines the perspectives of Japanese-speaking staff in Canadian ESL institutions on their students' school performance. From September 2003 to April 2004, qualitative data were gathered from 11 staff members through mail…

Kobayashi, Yoko

2006-01-01

444

Trait Anxiety among Japanese Massage Practitioners with Visual Impairment: What Is Required in Japanese Rehabilitation Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This questionnaire-based study of Japanese massage practitioners with visual impairment (n = 155, 126 males, 29 females, mean age = 41 years) found that measures of self-repression, helplessness and "daily hassles" were positively correlated to measures of trait anxiety. Also, trait anxiety was negatively associated with measures of self-esteem…

Donoyama, Nozomi; Munakata, Tsunetsugu

2009-01-01

445

European leaders agreed to accelerate plans to build the world's first nuclear fusion reactor in France -even if it means that the project goes ahead in the absence of an agreement with Japan on where the reactor  

E-print Network

six international partners - the United States, Japan, South Korea, China, Russia and the EU. The United States and South Korea have supported Japan's offer to build ITER in Rokkasho- mura, a Japanese

446

Building Big  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Building Big is a very informative site about the engineering principles required to build large structures, including bridges, domes, skyscrapers, dams, and tunnels. The interactive labs presented on the site discuss the various factors (e.g. forces, materials, loads, shapes) that need to be considered when designing large buildings. Fun challenges test these concepts for each of the five structures by putting students in charge of various construction projects. The student needs to weigh the pros and cons of particular designs and choose which is best for a given scenario. There are also many interviews with different structural engineers that will help students understand what working in this field is like.

447

Intelligent Buildings  

SciTech Connect

The topic of "intelligent buildings" (IBs) emerged in the early 1980s. Since, the term has been used to represent a variety of related, yet differing topics, each with a slightly different focus and purpose. Wiring and networking-infrastructure companies emphasize the cabling requirements for communication in intelligent buildings and the need to accommodate future needs for higher-speed broadband. Lucent (Lucent 2000) for example, defines an IB as "...one with a completely integrated wiring architecture. A single cabling system that handles all information traffic - voice, data, video, even the big building management systems."

Brambley, Michael R.; Armstrong, Peter R.; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; Pratt, Robert G.; Katipamula, Srinivas

2001-01-01

448

Building Molecules  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online interactive has three activities in the NanoLab (press the upper right button): Build, Zoom, and Transform. In Build, learners build increasingly complex molecules out of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen, and is useful for connecting subscripts and the number of atoms, and for introducing 3D molecular structures which are automatically built. Zoom is a "powers of 10" zoom-in ranging from 10,000 kilometers to 1 nanometer. Transform is a simulation of water changing phase from solid to liquid to gas. Through exploration of the site learners form a better understanding of the composition of matter.

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

2005-01-01

449

Marine-derived n-3 fatty acids and atherosclerosis in Japanese, Japanese Americans, and Whites: a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Objectives To examine whether marine-derived n-3 fatty acids (FAs) are associated with less atherosclerosis in Japanese than Whites in the United States. Background Marine-derived n-3 FAs at low levels are cardioprotective through their anti-arrhythmic effect. Methods A population-based cross-sectional study in 281 Japanese, 306 White, and 281 Japanese American men aged 40–49 was conducted to assess intima-media thickness of the carotid artery (IMT), coronary artery calcification (CAC), and serum FAs. Results Japanese in Japan had the lowest levels of atherosclerosis whereas Whites and Japanese Americans had similar levels. Japanese in Japan had twofold higher levels of marine-derived n-3 FAs than Whites and Japanese Americans. Japanese in Japan had significant and non-significant inverse associations of marine-derived n-3 FAs with IMT and CAC prevalence, respectively. The significant inverse association with IMT remained after adjusting for traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Neither Whites nor Japanese Americans had such associations. Significant differences between Japanese in Japan and Whites in multivariable-adjusted IMT (mean difference 39 ?m (95% confidence interval (CI), 21 to 57), p<0.001) and CAC prevalence (mean difference 10.7% (95% CI, 2.9 to 18.4), p=0.007) became non-significant after further adjusting for marine-derived n-3 FAs (22 ?m (95% CI, ?1 to 46), p=0.065 and 5.0 % (95% CI, ?5.3 to 15.4), p=0.341, respectively). Conclusions Very high levels of marine-derived n-3 FAs have anti-atherogenic properties independent of traditional cardiovascular risk factors and may contribute to lower burden of atherosclerosis in Japanese in Japan, which is unlikely due to genetic factors. PMID:18672160

Sekikawa, Akira; Curb, J. David; Ueshima, Hirotusgu; El-Saed, Aiman; Kadowaki, Takashi; Abbott, Robert D.; Evans, Rhobert W.; Beatriz, L. Rodriguez; Okamura, Tomonori; Sutton-Tyrrell, Kim; Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Masaki, Kamal; Edmundowicz, Daniel; Kashiwagi, Atsunori; Willcox, Bradley J.; Takamiya, Tomoko; Mitsunami, Ken-ichi; Seto, Todd B.; Murata, Kiyoshi; White, Roger L.; Kuller, Lewis H.

2009-01-01

450

Effective Prototype Costing Policies in Research Universities: Are They Possible?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policy problems of prototype costing at research universities are discussed, based on a case study of a clinical treatment prototype program at a research university hospital. Prototypes programs generate reproducible knowledge with useful applications and are primarily developed in professional schools. The potential of using costing prototypes

McClure, Maureen W.; Abu-Duhou, Ibtisam

451

Alexandria Digital Earth ProtoType The Alexandria Digital Earth  

E-print Network

Alexandria Digital Earth ProtoType The Alexandria Digital Earth Prototype System Terence Smith Greg Janée James Frew Anita Coleman #12;Alexandria Digital Earth ProtoType 2Smith et al. / JCDL 2001 / 2x Earth ProtoType 3Smith et al. / JCDL 2001 / 2x-Jun-2001 Core System (inherited from ADL) Components

Janée, Greg

452

Variability in Written Japanese: Towards a Sociolinguistics of Script Choice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tests widely-held associations among script types, genres, writers, and target readers via statistical analysis in popular Japanese fiction. Subjects texts to lexical analysis to see whether choice of vocabulary can account for variability in script selection. Finds that Japanese writers fashion their script type choices to specific contexts, as…

Smith, Janet S.; Schmidt, David L.

1996-01-01

453

Development of the Gerotranscendence Scale Type 2: Japanese Version  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study developed the Japanese version of the Gerotranscendence Scale Type 2 (the GST2) and examined reliability and validity of the scale. In Japan, 525 community-dwelling older adults (Male = 260, Female = 265) answered a questionnaire. An exploratory factor analysis of the Japanese version of the GST2 revealed the same three-factor structure…

Hoshino, Kazumi; Zarit, Steven H.; Nakayama, Makoto

2012-01-01

454

Chinese/Japanese Input Feasibility Study. Final Technical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine the feasibility of developing an automatic Chinese/Japanese input device for a machine translation complex. A specific scanning technique to digitize Chinese/Japanese ideographs is recommended as a result of the study. Results of the study include specification of the resolution necessary to successfully digitize…

Desautels, John E.; And Others

455

Positioning Foreign English Language Teachers in the Japanese University Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study employs positioning theory to explore the experiences of adjunct foreign English language teachers (AFELT) in the Japanese university sector. The research is located in the broad internationalisation discourse and considers AFELT positions as "foreign" teachers at a time when the Japanese university sector is aiming to…

Whitsed, Craig; Volet, Simone

2013-01-01

456

Tanko Bushi: Designing a Japanese-American Dance Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many folk dances reflect the everyday activities of the people, celebrating the commonplace through physical forms of expression. The traditional Japanese folk dance, Tanko Bushi, is still performed in Japan and among Japanese-Americans today, and its theme of coal mining makes it relatable to many cultures around the world. With its traditional…

Sweeting, Terry; Werner, Peter; Williams, Lori H.; Crump, Alyssa

2012-01-01

457

Clarendon Alternative School Japanese Bilingual Bicultural Program: Curriculum Sampler.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sample lessons and instructional materials from a Japanese bilingual/bicultural elementary school program are presented. The lessons are designed to integrate Japanese language instruction with content instruction, using thematic units related to the core curriculum. The ten lessons are organized by target grade (K-5), and describe classroom…

San Francisco Unified School District, CA.

458

Mayfly: A small mapping robot for Japanese office environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japanese offices are often cramped, cluttered, and allow a mapping robot very little room for maneuvering. Robot navigation research in Japan is hampered by these cramped spaces and a thorough search for robots that could map and maneuver in Japanese offices turned up unsatisfactory results: either the robots were too large, could not carry a relatively heavy payload, or did

Robert Ouellette; Kotaro Hirasawa

2008-01-01

459

Sunao (Cooperative) Children: The Development of Autonomy in Japanese Preschoolers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the Japanese concepts of "sunao," a quality of docility or cooperativeness in kindergarten children, age 6 and a half years old, from the viewpoint of children themselves. Examined how Japanese adults promote their children's internalization of parental, group, and institutional norms. Discusses the role of "sunao" as a fundamental…

Taylor, Satomi Izumi; Lichtman, Marilyn; Ogawa, Tetsuya

1998-01-01

460

Myth and Reality in the Japanese Educational Selection System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines modes of competition for entry to selective Japanese universities using data on graduates from five high schools. Describes four models of selection modes, with "contest mobility" and "tournament mobility" corresponding to myths about U.S. and Japanese selection processes. Connects such myths to different national beliefs about success…

Takeuchi, Yo

1991-01-01

461

Normalizing Social Networking in a Beginners' Japanese Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the spread of the Internet, students now have greater opportunities to use Japanese outside of the classroom. For example, they can interact with other Japanese speakers through instant messaging or social networking, or utilize online dictionaries and translation tools to decipher websites in ways that would be impossible with traditional…

Morofushi, Mari; Pasfield-Neofitou, Sarah Ellen

2014-01-01

462

What's Next?: Japanese American Redress and African American Reparations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the commitment of Japanese Americans to support other groups seeking redress for historic injustice, and considers the lessons that might be drawn from the process of Japanese American redress. Offers a view of reparations as "repair" rather than compensation. (SLD)

Yamamoto, Eric K.

1999-01-01

463

Breaking News Letter from Chancellor Regarding Japanese Earthquake  

E-print Network

Breaking News Letter from Chancellor Regarding Japanese Earthquake To our Japanese students, faculty, staff and alumni, I can not tell you how deeply saddened I was to hear of the news at chancellor@news.wisc.edu so that we might help publicize your plans. Sincerely, Chancellor Biddy Martin #12;

Scharer, John E.

464

Normalizing social networking in a beginners’ Japanese course  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the spread of the Internet, students now have greater opportunities to use Japanese outside of the classroom. For example, they can interact with other Japanese speakers through instant messaging or social networking, or utilize online dictionaries and translation tools to decipher websites in ways that would be impossible with traditional printed materials. One of the best ways to equip

Mari Morofushi; Sarah Ellen Pasfield-Neofitou

2012-01-01

465

Japanese physical education teachers’ beliefs about teaching students with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to describe Japanese physical education (PE) teachers’ beliefs about teaching students with disabilities in integrated classes. Participants were five Japanese PE teachers (one women and four men). The research was descriptive and qualitative, using an interviewing method. Data were gathered in interviews, analysed and presented as descriptive narratives and themes. Themes that emerged from

Takahiro Sato; Samuel R. Hodge; Nathan M. Murata; Julienne K. Maeda

2007-01-01

466

Reimagining Japanese Education: Borders, Transfers, Circulations, and the Comparative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sparked by the confluence of accelerating domestic transformation and increasingly explicit impacts from "globalization", the Japanese education system has undergone tremendous changes during the turbulence of the past decade. This volume, which brings together some of the foremost scholars in the field of Japanese education, analyzes these recent…

Willis, David Blake, Ed.; Rappleye, Jeremy, Ed.

2011-01-01

467

Acquisition of Japanese contracted sounds in L1 phonology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Japanese possesses a group of palatalized consonants, known to Japanese scholars as the contracted sounds, [CjV]. English learners of Japanese appear to treat them initially as consonant + glide clusters, where there is an equivalent [Cj] cluster in English, or otherwise tend to insert an epenthetic vowel [CVjV]. The acquisition of the Japanese contracted sounds by first language (L1) learners has not been widely studied compared with the consonant clusters in English with which they bear a close phonetic resemblance but have quite a different phonological status. This is a study to investigate the L1 acquisition process of the Japanese contracted sounds (a) in order to observe how the palatalization gesture is acquired in Japanese and (b) to investigate differences in the sound acquisition processes of first and second language (L2) learners: Japanese children compared with English learners. To do this, the productions of Japanese children ranging in age from 2.5 to 3.5 years were transcribed and the pattern of misproduction was observed.

Tsurutani, Chiharu

2002-05-01

468

The benefits of Japanese dance from a psychosomatic medical perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nihonbuyo, a traditional Japanese dance, is one of many performing arts. It has been developed according to two prescriptions and is a combination of Mai and Odori. Traditional Japanese dance is more than just a hobby and a way of staying healthy. The dance is one way of inspiring oriental wisdom, which activates the spirit and, according to the literature,

Keiko Saito

2006-01-01

469

Chapter 2. Characteristics of Japanese Business and Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ever since the late 1950s, when pioneering foreign scholars began serious academic inquiries into Japanese business and management (Abegglen 1958; Levine 1958; Karsh and Cole 1968; Cole 1971), a long list of practices have been identified as uniquely Japanese (Okochi, Karsh, and Levine 1974; Patrick and Rosovsky 1976; Ouchi 1981; Shirai 1983; Koike 1988; Fruin 1992; Aoki and Dore 1994).

Makoto Ohtsu; Tomio Imanari

1999-01-01

470

Japanese Lesson Study: Teacher Professional Development through Communities of Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Japanese Lesson Study has come under increasing attention from educators in the West and throughout South-East Asia since it was revealed outside Japan through the release of the TIMSS Video Study. In this paper we argue that Japanese Lesson Study provides a model for large scale, sustainable professional development. In particular, we draw on our…

Doig, Brian; Groves, Susie

2011-01-01

471

Implementing Japanese Lesson Study in a Higher Education Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to describe a reform model of instructional collaboration, Japanese lesson study, which has been shown in previous research to enhance reform-based teaching. Japanese lesson study is a method of professional development in which teachers collaborate with peers and other specialists to improve teaching and learning.…

Demir, Kadir; Czerniak, Charlene M.; Hart, Lynn C.

2013-01-01

472

Commentary GHOSTS OF THE PAST: THE JAPANESE HISTORY TEXTBOOK CONTROVERSY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper brings together three perspectives on the textbook controversy - Japanese, Chinese, and Korean. The first is particularly important because whilst the issue is commonly portrayed as a conflict between 'Japan' and its neighbours, in fact the Japanese themselves are deeply divided. In the present situation the publication of the New History Textbook represents a victory for the nationalist

TIM BEAL

473

Interlanguage Pragmatics Study of Indirect Complaint among Japanese ESL Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This interlanguage pragmatics study of linguistic expressions of affect focuses on how Japanese learners of English may express themselves in an affect-laden speech act of indirect complaint. The English as a Second Language (ESL) learners' data are compared with the baseline data of native speakers of Japanese (JJ) and American English (AA). The…

Baba, Junko

2010-01-01

474

JAPANESE FISHING VESSELS OFF ALASKA William R. Dickinson  

E-print Network

JAPANESE FISHING VESSELS OFF ALASKA William R. Dickinson Each year Japan employs about 700 in all fisheries, and more Japanese fishing vessels are being designed for these purposes. Japan is one different ships in her fisheries off Alaska. This fleet lands more than 3 billion pounds of fish, shellfish

475

Master of Engineering in Technical Japanese Department of Engineering  

E-print Network

Technical Japanese: The Time Is Now American corporations are rapidly increasing their level of technical sources. Our technical Japanese language courses stress the technical vocabulary not found in courses in recognition of the high degree of interaction and effectiveness of instruction in these courses. Faculty James

Van Veen, Barry D.

476

English/Japanese Professional Interpretation: Its Linguistic and Conceptual Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of simultaneous interpretation from Japanese to English focused on problems inherent in simultaneous language processing. Data were drawn from a discussion session at an international conference of physicians concerning nuclear war. Transcription of the Japanese source text (romanized), English product, and a gloss of lexical equivalents…

Ishikawa, Luli

1995-01-01

477

The Contribution of "Study Abroad" Programs to Japanese Internationalization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Study abroad" needs promoting, as it is an effective alternative for many Japanese university students to enhance their international experience and cross-cultural understanding, thus contributing to the internationalization of Japanese universities. To consider what has to be done to promote "study abroad" programs, this research attempts to…

Asaoka, Takako; Jun Yano,

2009-01-01

478

Video Game Play in British and Japanese Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results from research into negative correlates of computer/video game play in the United Kingdom and in Japan are presented, with new analyses across cultures. Patterns of play are similar, although Japanese adolescents have been playing for longer, they play fewer aggressive games, and there is greater perceived concern by Japanese parents.…

Colwell, John; Kato, Makiko

2005-01-01

479

Shogun's Ghost: The Dark Side of Japanese Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues in the Japanese educational system are addressed in this book, with a focus on discipline and student rights. Based on the experiences of an American who taught at a Japanese university for 2 years, the book discusses pervasive problems within the system of lower level colleges. Following a description of university experiences, the second…

Schoolland, Ken

480

JAPANESE, SOVIET, AND SOUTH KOREAN FISHERIES OFF ALASKA  

E-print Network

» '««fp JAPANESE, SOVIET, AND SOUTH KOREAN FISHERIES OFF ALASKA DEVELOPMENT AND HISTORY THROUGHL, MftSS. BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIES Circular 310 } ' OF THE INTERIOR U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIES Japanese, Soviet, and South Korean

481

Citizenship and Scholarship in Japanese and American Fifth Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Efforts of 10 Japanese and 9 American teachers in Chiba City (Japan) and Ann Arbor (Michigan), respectively, to socialize their students and the 407 Japanese and 207 American students' judgments of norms were compared. Four domains of classroom life were studied: academic performance; academic procedures; social procedures; and morality. (SLD)

Hamilton, V. Lee; And Others

1989-01-01

482

Synchronous versus Asynchronous CMC and Transfer to Japanese Oral Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effects of synchronous and asynchronous CMC (computer-mediated communication)on the development of linguistic features of learners' speech in Japanese. Using learners from fourth-semester Japanese classes, the following research questions were examined: (a) Does CMC have positive effects on the development of oral…

Hirotani, Maki

2009-01-01

483

Compulsory "Foreign Language Activities" in Japanese Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 2011, the new curriculum for introducing English to Japanese primary schools will be fully implemented in the form of "foreign language activities". This innovation forms part of the government's plan to cultivate "Japanese with English abilities", a development based on the awareness, particularly in the business sector, that equipping…

Hashimoto, Kayoko

2011-01-01

484

Japanese Sugar Cane as a Forage Crop.  

E-print Network

not make ~eed except in a very warm country, where it may live for fourteen or fifteen minths mithout being set back by frost. As pointcd out previously, Japanese sugar cane has been under cultivation in this country for over thirty years. Seed... which is in the ground, if protected from frost and disease, will remain alive over winter and start growth again next year and may even be moved to a new location. This growth from the stubble comes from the buds or seed eyes at the base...

Leidigh, A. H. (Arthur Henry); McNess, George Thomas; Laude, H. H. (Hilmer Henry)

1916-01-01

485

Flavonoids from the Japanese monotypic genus, Nipponanthemum.  

PubMed

Foliar flavonoids of Nipponanthemum, which is a monotypic genus and consists of only one Japanese endemic species, N. nipponicum, were isolated for the first time. Fifteen flavonoids, i.e. six glycosides, quercetin 3,7-di-O-glucoside, vicenin-2, quercetin 3-O-glucoside, luteolin 7-O-glucoside, kaempferol 3-O-glucoside and apigenin 7-O-glucoside, and nine aglycones, luteolin, nepetin, quercetin 3-methyl ether, axillarin, apigenin, hispidulin, chrysoeriol, jaceosidin and sudachitin were identified. Of these compounds, the flavonoid aglycones existed on the leaf surface. PMID:22978216

Uehara, Ayumi; Iwashina, Tsukasa

2012-08-01

486

New Japanese Rubella Vaccine: Comparative Trials  

Microsoft Academic Search

A total of 142 seronegative volunteers were given one of the following rubella vaccines: Cendehill, HPV77. DE-5, RA27\\/3, or a new Japanese vaccine, To-336. To-336 vaccine produced a slightly higher geometric mean antibody titre (G.M.T.) (65·7) than did the HPV77. DE-5 (63·1) or RA27\\/3 vaccine (61·9) but the G.M.T. induced by Cendehill vaccine was much lower (39·3).Reactions, particularly joint symptoms,

Jennifer M. Best; J. E. Banatvala; Jennifer M. Bowen

1974-01-01

487

The contemporary JAEA Japanese voxel phantoms.  

PubMed

Average adult Japanese male (JM-103 phantom) and female (JF-103 phantom) voxel (volume pixel) phantoms were newly constructed by modifying the JM and JF phantoms previously developed at Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The JM-103 and JF-103 have average characteristics with respect to organ masses and body sizes. Their tissue segmentations were based on International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) Publication 103. The anatomical and dosimetric characteristics of JM-103 and JF-103 were compared with those of ICRP adult reference male (AM phantom) and female (AF phantoms) phantoms. This study discusses their anatomical and dosimetric characteristics, and applications to the dose assessment of the atomic bomb survivors. PMID:22003186

Sato, Kaoru; Takahashi, Fumiaki

2012-03-01

488

Heterogeneous face recognition using kernel prototype similarities.  

PubMed

Heterogeneous face recognition (HFR) involves matching two face images from alternate imaging modalities, such as an infrared image to a photograph or a sketch to a photograph. Accurate HFR systems are of great value in various applications (e.g., forensics and surveillance), where the gallery databases are populated with photographs (e.g., mug shot or passport photographs) but the probe images are often limited to some alternate modality. A generic HFR framework is proposed in which both probe and gallery images are represented in terms of nonlinear similarities to a collection of prototype face images. The prototype subjects (i.e., the training set) have an image in each modality (probe and gallery), and the similarity of an image is measured against the prototype images from the corresponding modality. The accuracy of this nonlinear prototype representation is improved by projecting the features into a linear discriminant subspace. Random sampling is introduced into the HFR framework to better handle challenges arising from the small sample size problem. The merits of the proposed approach, called prototype random subspace (P-RS), are demonstrated on four different heterogeneous scenarios: 1) near infrared (NIR) to photograph, 2) thermal to photograph, 3) viewed sketch to photograph, and 4) forensic sketch to photograph. PMID:23599055

Klare, Brendan F; Jain, Anil K

2013-06-01

489

Rapid prototyping is coming of age  

SciTech Connect

This article examines how, by accelerating the design process and speeding tooling development, rapid prototyping technology helps manufacturers cut new product cycle times and costs. During the last decade, a class of technologies has emerged by which a computer-aided design file of an object can be converted into a physical model through special sintering, layering, or deposition techniques. Called rapid prototyping (RP), or solid free-form fabrication, the major application for this technology has been early verification of product designs and quick production of prototypes for testing. Multiple prototypes can now be reproduced more economically by using the RP master as a pattern for creating molded or soft tooling. Interest in desktop (or more accurately, office) rapid prototyping for visualization and design verification is growing, but it is not yet easy to cost-justify. Recently, the fabrication of patterns for limited-run production tooling has become more common. Today, the most popular rapid tooling options are silicone rubber (RTV) molding and epoxy and spray metal tooling. For metal part production, the choices are investment, plaster, spin, and sand casting.

Ashley, S.

1995-07-01

490

PROTOTYPICAL CATEGORY LEARNING IN AUTISM 1 Prototypical Category Learning in High-Functioning Autism  

E-print Network

PROTOTYPICAL CATEGORY LEARNING IN AUTISM 1 Prototypical Category Learning in High-Functioning Autism Tony Vladusich1,5,6* , Femi Lafe2,6 , Dae-Shik Kim4 , Helen Tager-Flusberg2,3,6 and Stephen 781 736 4870, Fax: +1 781 736 2398, email: thevlad@brandeis.edu Autism Research, in press

Grossberg, Stephen

491

MULTIMEDIA GAME ENGINE AS DISTRIBUTED CONCEPTUALISATION AND PROTOTYPING TOOL - CONTEXTUAL VIRTUAL REALITY PROTOTYPING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lack of the use environment and context in Virtual Reality Prototypes (VRP) makes it difficult for R&D and marketing people to exploit the computerised models of mobile devices. The concepts of a future product can be difficult to understand, evaluate and market in cases where a fully functioning physical prototype is not an option. One solution for the problem is

TONY MANNINEN

2000-01-01

492

Automated Rapid Prototyping of 3D Ceramic Parts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An automated system of manufacturing equipment produces three-dimensional (3D) ceramic parts specified by computational models of the parts. The system implements an advanced, automated version of a generic rapid-prototyping process in which the fabrication of an object having a possibly complex 3D shape includes stacking of thin sheets, the outlines of which closely approximate the horizontal cross sections of the object at their respective heights. In this process, the thin sheets are made of a ceramic precursor material, and the stack is subsequently heated to transform it into a unitary ceramic object. In addition to the computer used to generate the computational model of the part to be fabricated, the equipment used in this process includes: 1) A commercially available laminated-object-manufacturing machine that was originally designed for building woodlike 3D objects from paper and was modified to accept sheets of ceramic precursor material, and 2) A machine designed specifically to feed single sheets of ceramic precursor material to the laminated-object-manufacturing machine. Like other rapid-prototyping processes that utilize stacking of thin sheets, this process begins with generation of the computational model of the part to be fabricated, followed by computational sectioning of the part into layers of predetermined thickness that collectively define the shape of the part. Information about each layer is transmitted to rapid-prototyping equipment, where the part is built layer by layer. What distinguishes this process from other rapid-prototyping processes that utilize stacking of thin sheets are the details of the machines and the actions that they perform. In this process, flexible sheets of ceramic precursor material (called "green" ceramic sheets) suitable for lamination are produced by tape casting. The binder used in the tape casting is specially formulated to enable lamination of layers with little or no applied heat or pressure. The tape is cut into individual sheets, which are stacked in the sheet-feeding machine until used. The sheet-feeding machine can hold enough sheets for about 8 hours of continuous operation.

McMillin, Scott G.; Griffin, Eugene A.; Griffin, Curtis W.; Coles, Peter W. H.; Engle, James D.

2005-01-01

493

NASA Innovation Builds Better Nanotubes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Nanotailor Inc., based in Austin, Texas, licensed Goddard Space Flight Center's unique single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) fabrication process with plans to make high-quality, low-cost SWCNTs available commercially. Carbon nanotubes are being used in a wide variety of applications, and NASA's improved production method will increase their applicability in medicine, microelectronics, advanced materials, and molecular containment. Nanotailor built and tested a prototype based on Goddard's process, and is using this technique to lower the cost and improve the integrity of nanotubes, offering a better product for use in biomaterials, advanced materials, space exploration, highway and building construction, and many other applications.

2008-01-01

494

Building Languages  

MedlinePLUS

... building blocks. Close Information For... Media Policy Makers File Formats Help: How do I view different file ... November 21, 2014 Content source: Error processing SSI file Follow CDC Email Recommend Tweet Post RSS CDC ...

495

Building debris  

E-print Network

This thesis relates architectural practices to intelligent use of resources and the reuse of derelict spaces. The initial investigation of rammed earth as a building material is followed by site-specific operations at the ...

Dahmen, Joseph (Joseph F. D.)

2006-01-01

496

Lightweight composite fighting cover prototype development program  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Army Field Assistance Science and Technology Program requested Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to demonstrate the use of lightweight composite materials in construction of overhead covers for reinforced infantry fighting positions. In recent years, ORNL researchers have designed and tested several concepts for lightweight ballistic protection structures, and they have developed numerous prototype composite structures for military and civilian applications. In the current program, composite panel designs and materials are tested and optimized to meet anticipated static and dynamic load conditions for the overhead cover structure. Ten prototype composite covers were built at ORNL for use in Army field tests. Each composite cover has a nominal surface area of 12 ft[sup 2] and a nominal weight of 8 lb. Four of the prototypes are made with folding sections to improve their handling characteristics. The composite covers exhibit equivalent performance in Army field tests to covers made with conventional materials that weigh four times as much.

Wrenn, G.E. Jr.; Frame, B.J.; Gwaltney, R.C.; Akerman, M.A.

1996-07-01

497

Advance prototype silver ion water bactericide system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An advance prototype unit was designed and fabricated to treat anticipated fuel cell water. The unit is a single canister that contains a membrane-type prefilter and a silver bromide contacting bed. A seven day baseline simulated mission test was performed; the performance was satisfactory and the effluent water was within all specifications for potability. After random vibrations another seven day simulated mission test was performed, and results indicate that simulated launch vibrations have no effects on the design and performance of the advanced prototype. Bench tests and accelerated breadboard tests were conducted to define the characteristics of an upgraded model of the advance prototype unit which would have 30 days of operating capability. A preliminary design of a silver ion generator for the shuttle orbiter was also prepared.

Jasionowski, W. J.; Allen, E. T.

1974-01-01

498

NASA DFRC Practices for Prototype Qualification  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the practices that Dryden uses for qualification of the prototypes of aircraft. There are many views of aircraft that Dryden has worked with. Included is a discussion of basic considerations for strength, a listing of standards and references, a discussion of typical safety of flight approaches, a discussion of the prototype design, using the X-29A as an example, and requirements for new shapes (i.e., the DAST-ARW1 , F-8 Super Critical Wing, AFTI/F-111 MAW), new control laws (i.e., AAW F-18), new operating envelope (i.e., F-18 HARV), limited sope add-on or substitute structure (i.e., SR-71 LASRE, ECLIPSE, F-16XL SLFC), and extensively modified or replaced structure (i.e., SOFIA, B747SP). There is a listing of causes for the failure of the prototype.

Lokos, William A.

2009-01-01

499

Reference database of biochemical markers of bone turnover for the Japanese female population. Japanese Population-based Osteoporosis (JPOS) Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study was conducted as a part of the Japanese Population-based Osteoporosis (JPOS) Study to establish reference values on the biochemical markers of bone turnover in the general Japanese female population over an applicable age range. The study recruited 3250 women aged 15–79 years, randomly selected from five municipalities throughout Japan, and obtained measurements of serum osteocalcin (OC) and

Masayuki Iki; Takashi Akiba; Toshio Matsumoto; Harumi Nishino; Sadanobu Kagamimori; Yoshiko Kagawa; Hideo Yoneshima

2004-01-01

500

Spoken word recognition in English by Japanese listeners: A case of Japanese-accented and unaccented English words  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effect of acoustic mismatch between a listener's phonological representations and speech input on spoken word recognition was examined with Japanese learners of English. Imai, Flege, and Walley (2003) recently found that native-Spanish listeners showed a larger neighborhood density effect for unaccented English words than Spanish-accented English words, whereas native-English listeners showed a larger neighborhood density effect for Spanish-accented than unaccented words. We hypothesized that phonological mismatches would occur when native-Japanese listeners respond to unaccented English words than Japanese-accented English words. Further, the effect of the mismatch would be expected to be greater for words from dense versus sparse neighborhoods because Yoneyama (2002) found that Japanese listeners showed neighborhood density effect when they listen to Japanese. This paper reports the results of the experiment where native-Japanese listeners were asked to write down English words that were presented in noise. The words differed in neighborhood density; half were Japanese-accented words that were produced by a Japanese learner of English at a beginner level, the other half were unaccented words that were produced by a native-English listener. The results replicated Imai et al.'s (2003) finding.

Yoneyama, Kiyoko

2001-05-01