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1

An Optimization and Assessment on DG adoption in JapanesePrototype Buildings  

SciTech Connect

This research investigates a method of choosing economicallyoptimal DER, expanding on prior studies at the Berkeley Lab using the DERdesign optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources CustomerAdoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds the optimal combination ofinstalled equipment from available DER technologies, given prevailingutility tariffs, site electrical and thermal loads, and a menu ofavailable equipment. It provides a global optimization, albeit idealized,that shows how the site energy load scan be served at minimum cost byselection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, andcooling. Five prototype Japanese commercial buildings are examined andDER-CAM applied to select thee conomically optimal DER system for each.The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sportsfacility. Based on the optimization results, energy and emissionreductions are evaluated. Furthermore, a Japan-U.S. comparison study ofpolicy, technology, and utility tariffs relevant to DER installation ispresented. Significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbon emissions,and energy costs were seen in the DER-CAM results. Savings were mostnoticeable in the sports facility, followed by the hospital, hotel, andoffice building.

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida,Masaru

2005-11-30

2

The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (Japanese translation)  

SciTech Connect

The August 2003 blackout of the northeastern U.S. and CANADA caused great economic losses and inconvenience to New York City and other affected areas. The blackout was a warning to the rest of the world that the ability of conventional power systems to meet growing electricity demand is questionable. Failure of large power systems can lead to serious emergencies. Introduction of on-site generation, renewable energy such as solar and wind power and the effective utilization of exhaust heat is needed, to meet the growing energy demands of the residential and commercial sectors. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems. This work demonstrates a method for choosing and designing economically optimal DER systems. An additional purpose of this research is to establish a database of energy tariffs, DER technology cost and performance characteristics, and building energy consumption for Japan. This research builds on prior DER studies at the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and with their associates in the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) and operation, including the development of the microgrid concept, and the DER selection optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM is a tool designed to find the optimal combination of installed equipment and an idealized operating schedule to minimize a site's energy bills, given performance and cost data on available DER technologies, utility tariffs, and site electrical and thermal loads over a test period, usually an historic year. Since hourly electric and thermal energy data are rarely available, they are typically developed by building simulation for each of six end use loads used to model the building: electric-only loads, space heating, space cooling, refrigeration, water heating, and natural-gas-only loads. DER-CAM provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the necessary useful energy loads can be provided for at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, cooling, and efficiency improvements. This study examines five prototype commercial buildings and uses DER-CAM to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Each building type was considered for both 5,000 and 10,000 square meter floor sizes. The energy consumption of these building types is based on building energy simulation and published literature. Based on the optimization results, energy conservation and the emissions reduction were also evaluated. Furthermore, a comparison study between Japan and the U.S. has been conducted covering the policy, technology and the utility tariffs effects on DER systems installations.

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

2004-10-15

3

The Japanese: Conflict and Consensus Building.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance in Japan of group identity, the Japanese approach to decision making, and the way in which the Japanese avoid conflict and build consensus when making a decision are characteristics of Japanese interactions that are critical for Americans to understand in order to communicate successfully with the Japanese. Those who would be…

Christie, Vickie

4

10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building procedure. 503...Retail (Mercantile); (d) Warehouse (Storage); (e) School (Educational); (f) Hotel/Motel; (g)...

2013-01-01

5

10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building procedure. 503...Retail (Mercantile); (d) Warehouse (Storage); (e) School (Educational); (f) Hotel/Motel; (g)...

2012-01-01

6

10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building procedure. 503...Retail (Mercantile); (d) Warehouse (Storage); (e) School (Educational); (f) Hotel/Motel; (g)...

2011-01-01

7

10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building procedure. 503...Retail (Mercantile); (d) Warehouse (Storage); (e) School (Educational); (f) Hotel/Motel; (g)...

2010-01-01

8

10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.  

...RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building procedure. 503...Retail (Mercantile); (d) Warehouse (Storage); (e) School (Educational); (f) Hotel/Motel; (g)...

2014-01-01

9

Building a parabolic solar concentrator prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to not further degrade the environment, people have been seeking to replace non-renewable natural resources such as fossil fuels by developing technologies that are based on renewable resources. An example of these technologies is solar energy. In this paper, we show the building and test of a solar parabolic concentrator as a prototype for the production of steam

J. F. M. Escobar-Romero; S. Vázquez y. Montiel; F. Granados-Agustín; V. M. Cruz-Martínez; E. Rodríguez-Rivera; L. Martínez-Yáńez

2011-01-01

10

Assessment of Distributed Generation Potential in JapaneseBuildings  

SciTech Connect

To meet growing energy demands, energy efficiency, renewable energy, and on-site generation coupled with effective utilization of exhaust heat will all be required. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems (or microgrids). This research investigates a method of choosing economically optimal DER, expanding on prior studies at the Berkeley Lab using the DER design optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds the optimal combination of installed equipment from available DER technologies, given prevailing utility tariffs, site electrical and thermal loads, and a menu of available equipment. It provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the site energy loads can be served at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, and cooling. Five prototype Japanese commercial buildings are examined and DER-CAM applied to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Based on the optimization results, energy and emission reductions are evaluated. Furthermore, a Japan-U.S. comparison study of policy, technology, and utility tariffs relevant to DER installation is presented. Significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbon emissions, and energy costs were seen in the DER-CAM results. Savings were most noticeable in the sports facility (a very favourable CHP site), followed by the hospital, hotel, and office building.

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida,Masaru

2005-05-25

11

Building a Prototype Text to Speech for Sanskrit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes about the work done in building a prototype text to speech system for Sanskrit. A basic prototype text-to-speech is built using a simplified Sanskrit phone set, and employing a unit selection technique, where prerecorded sub-word units are concatenated to synthesize a sentence. We also discuss the issues involved in building a full-fledged text-to-speech for Sanskrit.

Mahananda, Baiju; Raju, C. M. S.; Patil, Ramalinga Reddy; Jha, Narayana; Varakhedi, Shrinivasa; Kishore, Prahallad

12

Building for Social Translucence: A Domain Analysis and Prototype System  

E-print Network

Building for Social Translucence: A Domain Analysis and Prototype System David W. Mc socio-technical constructs, social translucence is not something that can be simply added after a system is built; it should be at the core of system design. In this paper, we conduct a domain analysis

McDonald, David W.

13

Hoops, History, and Crossing Over: Boundary Making and Community Building in Japanese American Youth Basketball Leagues.  

E-print Network

??My dissertation research examines how cultural organizations, particularly ethnic sports leagues, shape racial/ethnic and gender identity and community building among later-generation Japanese Americans. I focus… (more)

Chin, Christina B.

2012-01-01

14

Procedural Modeling for Rapid-Prototyping of Multiple Building Phases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

RomeLab is a multidisciplinary working group at UCLA that uses the city of Rome as a laboratory for the exploration of research approaches and dissemination practices centered on the intersection of space and time in antiquity. In this paper we present a multiplatform workflow for the rapid-prototyping of historical cityscapes through the use of geographic information systems, procedural modeling, and interactive game development. Our workflow begins by aggregating archaeological data in a GIS database. Next, 3D building models are generated from the ArcMap shapefiles in Esri CityEngine using procedural modeling techniques. A GIS-based terrain model is also adjusted in CityEngine to fit the building elevations. Finally, the terrain and city models are combined in Unity, a game engine which we used to produce web-based interactive environments which are linked to the GIS data using keyhole markup language (KML). The goal of our workflow is to demonstrate that knowledge generated within a first-person virtual world experience can inform the evaluation of data derived from textual and archaeological sources, and vice versa.

Saldana, M.; Johanson, C.

2013-02-01

15

The systematic grouping of building sets and selection of building prototypes: BUCS as a pre-processor to Feds  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes BUCS, a software analysis tool that can be used by energy analysts to systematically classify large numbers of buildings into discrete building sets and then select the most representative or {open_quotes}prototypical{close_quotes} building within each of those sets, based on derived building characteristic data. BUCS is capable of producing standardized building set and prototypical building data to be used as input to the Facility Energy Decision System (FEDS)--an important analysis and simulation tool used for analyzing the economic potential of energy efficient technologies at federal government facilities. Thus, BUCS can function as a pre-processor to FEDS by supplying it with important building set and building prototype data. The BUCS process, therefore, has the potential of greatly reducing the time required to produce FEDS input files, especially for large Army installations.

Beasley, R.E.; DeBaillie, L.; Deal, B.

1997-06-01

16

Design for Self Assembly of Building Components using Rapid Prototyping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design of assemblies will become an area of study when using rapid prototyping devices in the architectural design process becomes standard practice. This paper is a presentation of a design process study focused on understanding a method of working with rapid prototyping devices in a creative design process. This paper has an emphasis is on the creation of physically large

Larry Sass

17

10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget. 434.504 Section 434.504 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND...

2011-01-01

18

Expert system-based selection of the preferred direction of build for rapid prototyping processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current commercial rapid prototyping technologies are based on a layered additive process to build parts. The layer-based process results in a stairstepping effect, which can be apparent on curved and sloped surfaces. The selection of the build orientation, whether based on experience, trial and error, or not even considered, is one critical factor that affects the quality of the surface

Dietmar Frank; Georges Fadel

1995-01-01

19

Alerts in clinical information systems: building frameworks and prototypes.  

PubMed

Alerts in Clinical Information Systems and CPOE are powerful tools for decision support. However, studies show that physicians override a large part of these alerts. Low specificity and high bandwidth of alerts lead to alert fatigue. Moreover, alerts seem to have usability issues as they are interrupting workflows and not always efficient to handle. This paper provides three different views on alerts: a system-based view, a human-computer interaction view and an organizational view. Based on this framework, we present a prototype of alert handling, which might ameliorate some of the problems with alerts. PMID:20543324

Wipfli, Rolf; Lovis, Christian

2010-01-01

20

Optoelectronics-related competence building in Japanese and Western firms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, an analysis is made of how different firms in Japan and the West have developed competence related to optoelectronics on the basis of their previous experience and corporate strategies. The sample consists of a set of seven Japanese and four Western firms in the industrial, consumer electronics and materials sectors. Optoelectronics is divided into subfields including optical communications systems, optical fibers, optoelectronic key components, liquid crystal displays, optical disks, and others. The relative strengths and weaknesses of companies in the various subfields are determined using the INSPEC database, from 1976 to 1989. Parallel data are analyzed using OTAF U.S. patent statistics and the two sets of data are compared. The statistical analysis from the database is summarized for firms in each subfield in the form of an intra-firm technology index (IFTI), a new technique introduced to assess the revealed technology advantage of firms. The quantitative evaluation is complemented by results from intensive interviews with the management and scientists of the firms involved. The findings show that there is a marked variation in the way firms' technological trajectories have evolved giving rise to strength in some and weakness in other subfields for the different companies, which are related to their accumulated core competencies, previous core business activities, organizational, marketing, and competitive factors.

Miyazaki, Kumiko

1992-05-01

21

Prototype application for web 3D routing in building  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Current routing systems in GIS software mostly provide routes that allow the users to navigate between source and destination points in 2 dimensions. This paper describes the development of a web-based 3D routing system for a university campus using Open Source Software (OSS) and Open Specifications (OS). The system uses the advantages of interoperability and allows the integration and extension of different system components. A data model is described and the process of creating the data model and the migration of the data stored in dxf architectural drawings to the data model are explained. The paper also discusses the architecture and the interaction of the different prototype components such as 3D viewer, database, and programming languages. Furthermore, it describes customized tools that were developed to provide the users a simple interface to interact with the system through a standard internet browser.

Ehlers, Manfred; Hijazi, Ihab

2010-11-01

22

Utilizing a Rapid Prototyping Approach in the Building of a Hypermedia-Based Reference Station.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the building of a hypermedia-based reference station at the Wright Laboratory Technical Library, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio. Following this, the paper focuses on an electronic user survey from which data is collected and analysis is made. The survey data is used in a rapid prototyping approach, which is defined as…

Sell, Dan

23

Prototype Passive Solar Buildings in Louisiana - A Hot-Humid Climate  

E-print Network

This paper on prototype passive solar buildings in Louisiana presents state of the art passive solar design. According to U.S. Department of Energy report, the annual energy consumption for a single family detached dwelling in Louisiana is from 31...

Shih, J. C.

1986-01-01

24

Association of sick building syndrome with neuropathy target esterase (NTE) activity in Japanese.  

PubMed

Sick building syndrome (SBS) is a set of several clinically recognizable symptoms reported by occupants of a building without a clear cause. Neuropathy target esterase (NTE) is a membrane bound serine esterase and its reaction with organophosphates (OPs) can lead to OP-induced delayed neuropathy (OPIDN) and nerve axon degeneration. The aim of our study was to determine whether there was a difference in NTE activity in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of Japanese patients with SBS and healthy controls and whether PNPLA6 (alias NTE) gene polymorphisms were associated with SBS. We found that the enzymatic activity of NTE was significantly higher (P < 0.0005) in SBS patients compared with controls. Moreover, population with an AA genotype of a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs480208, in intron 21 of the PNPLA6 gene strongly reduced the activity of NTE. Fifty-eight SNP markers within the PNPLA6 gene were tested for association in a case-control study of 188 affected individuals and 401 age-matched controls. Only one SNP, rs480208, was statistically different in genotype distribution (P = 0.005) and allele frequency (P = 0.006) between the cases and controls (uncorrected for testing multiple SNP sites), but these were not significant by multiple corrections. The findings of the association between the enzymatic activity of NTE and SBS in Japanese show for the first time that NTE activity might be involved with SBS. PMID:23418070

Matsuzaka, Yasunari; Ohkubo, Tomoichi; Kikuti, Yukie Y; Mizutani, Akiko; Tsuda, Michio; Aoyama, Yoshiko; Kakuta, Kazuhiko; Oka, Akira; Inoko, Hidetoshi; Sakabe, Kou; Ishikawa, Satoshi; Kulski, Jerzy K; Kimura, Minoru

2014-10-01

25

An Analysis of the DER Adoption Climate in Japan UsingOptimization Results for Prototype Buildings with U.S. Comparisons  

SciTech Connect

This research demonstrates economically optimal distributedenergy resource (DER) system choice using the DER choice and operationsoptimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer AdoptionModel (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds the optimal combination of installedequipment given prevailing utility tariffs and fuel prices, siteelectrical and thermal loads (including absorption cooling), and a menuof available equipment. It provides a global optimization, albeitidealized, that shows how site useful energy loads can be served atminimum cost. Five prototype Japanese commercial buildings are examinedand DER-CAM is applied to select the economically optimal DER system foreach. Based on the optimization results, energy and emission reductionsare evaluated. Significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbonemissions, and energy costs were seen in the DER-CAM results. Savingswere most noticeable in the prototype sports facility, followed by thehospital, hotel, and office building. Results show that DER with combinedheat and power equipment is a promising efficiency and carbon mitigationstrategy, but that precise system design is necessary. Furthermore, aJapan-U.S. comparison study of policy, technology, and utility tariffsrelevant to DER installation is presented.

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida,Masaru

2006-06-16

26

Building a prototype of a Martian base in Poland, an architectural design overview and progress report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This talk focuses on recent advances in the construction of a prototype 1000 m2 Martian out-post for 8 inhabitants. The architectural design for such a Martian base has been presented previously on COSPAR 2008, the presentation being entitled ,,Architectural design proposal for a Martian base to continue NASA Mars Design Reference Mission". The presentation was welcomed with warm interest by various institutions, some of which offered help in building a prototype such as providing the building site or funding. This year's oral presentation will focus on a progress report and will briefly describe the architectural design. The architectural design is inspired by terrestrial pneumatic architecture. It has small volume, can be easily transported and provides a large habitable space. An architectural solution analo-gous to a terrestrial house with a studio and a workshop was assumed. The spatial placement of the following zones was carefully considered: residential, agricultural and science, as well as garage and workshop. Further attention was paid to transportation routes and a control and communications center. The issues of a life support system, energy, food, water and waste recycling were also discussed. This Martian base was designed to be crewed by a team of eight people to stay on Mars for at least one and a half year. An Open Plan architectural solution was assumed, with a high level of modularity. Walls of standardized sizes with zip-fasteners allow free rearrangement of the interior to adapt to a new situation. The prototype of such a Polish-origin Martian outpost will be used in a manner similar to MDRS or FMARS but to a larger extent. The prototype's design itself will be tested and corrected to achieve a design which can be used on Mars. The procedure of unfolding the pneumatic modules and floor leveling will be tested. The 1000 m2 interior will be used for various simulation exercises: socio-psychological testing, interior arrangement experiments, agricultural simulations, growing plants in Martian conditions and other kinds of tests. The presented prototype focuses on the ergonomic and psychological aspects of longer stay in a Martian environment. It provides the Martian crew with a comfortable habitable space larger than DRM modules. The practical proposal is to send this base to Mars in a DRM transpor-tation module after prototype testing is completed. The author hopes that this or other similar Martian base designs will help in establishing a permanent presence of humans on Mars.

Kozicki, Janek

27

Using relations between Japanese and Korean international students in U.S. universities as a model for international peace building  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines the use of the relations between Japanese and Korean students at U.S. universities as a model for international peace building. A close look at the histories of Korea and Japan reveals that historic conflict still exists in the hearts and minds of the people from these countries. This paper explores a new perspective of today's U.S. international

Manami Kaneko

2003-01-01

28

Association study between sick building syndrome and polymorphisms of seven human detoxification genes in the Japanese.  

PubMed

Sick building syndrome (SBS) is a chronic disorder caused by exposure to diverse indoor environmental or chemical pollutants. This study examined the association between seven detoxification genes (CYP1A1, CYP2E1, EPHX1, GSTM1, GSTT1, GSTP1, and NAT2) and SBS in the Japanese population. One hundred eighty patients with SBS and 401 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. We examined the prevalence for total of eleven genetic polymorphisms of detoxification genes. However, no statistically significant differences in allele and genotype frequency distributions of eleven genetic polymorphisms of these detoxification genes were found between patients and controls. On this basis, we conclude that the polymorphisms that we assessed for the detoxification genes do not contribute to the etiology of SBS. PMID:21787601

Matsuzaka, Yasunari; Kikuti, Yukie Y; Mizutani, Akiko; Aoyama, Yoshiko; Kakuta, Kazuhiko; Oka, Akira; Inoko, Hidetoshi; Sakabe, Kou; Ishikawa, Satoshi; Kulski, Jerzy K; Kimura, Minoru

2010-03-01

29

Japanese women in grassroots politics: building a gender-equal society from the bottom up  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1979 UN Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women highlights the importance of equal participation of women in public life. Since the early 1960s, women in Japan have voted in elections at significantly higher rates than men. However, Japanese women's equal participation in policy formulation and decision making lags far behind major democracies. Gender equality

Yasuo Takao

2007-01-01

30

A Prototype Data Archive for the PIER "Thermal Distribution Systems in Commercial Buildings" Project  

E-print Network

of monitoring protocols, and substantial logistical efforts to work with the players involved in the operation benefit is that the archive preserves an historic record of work that can be further explored at later this prototype is taken to the next level. Legal Notice This report was prepared as a result of work sponsored

31

Building and Calibration of a FAST Model of the SWAY Prototype Floating Wind Turbine: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Present efforts to verify and validate aero-hydro-servo-elastic numerical simulation tools that predict the dynamic response of a floating offshore wind turbine are primarily limited to code-to-code comparisons or code-to-data comparisons using data from wind-wave basin tests. In partnership with SWAY AS, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) installed scientific wind, wave, and motion measurement equipment on the 1/6.5th-scale prototype SWAY floating wind system to collect data to validate a FAST model of the SWAY design in an open-water condition. Nanyang Technological University (NTU), through a collaboration with NREL, assisted in this validation.

Koh, J. H.; Robertson, A.; Jonkman, J.; Driscoll, F.; Ng, E. Y. K.

2013-09-01

32

SERVICE LEARNING: A Comparative Study on the Compression Strength Properties of 3D-Printed Rapid Prototyped Components Utilizing Various Manufacturing Build Parameters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industry relies upon rapidly produced structurally sound prototype components. 3D-printed rapid-prototyped components are easy to construct but are not widely accepted in industry as structurally sound viable alternatives to subtractive material machining methods. Through the statistical study of 3D-printed test cylinder specimens, greater understanding on the compressive strength properties of the technology was obtained by the effect of build orientation,

Donald W. Harby; Grant R. Townsend; Troy E. Ollison; Jeffrey M. Ulmer

33

Sensitivity analysis of augmented reality-assisted building damage reconnaissance using virtual prototyping  

E-print Network

Sensitivity analysis of augmented reality-assisted building damage reconnaissance using virtual that allows testing of the proposed method in a reconfigurable setting. A sensitivity analysis is also. The elapsed time could translate into private financial loss or even a public welfare crisis. Current

Kamat, Vineet R.

34

Building XenoBuntu Linux Distribution for Teaching and Prototyping Real-Time Operating Systems  

E-print Network

This paper describes the realization of a new Linux distribution based on Ubuntu Linux and Xenomai Real-Time framework. This realization is motivated by the eminent need of real-time systems in modern computer science courses. The majority of the technical choices are made after qualitative comparison. The main goal of this distribution is to offer standard Operating Systems (OS) that include Xenomai infrastructure and the essential tools to begin hard real-time application development inside a convivial desktop environment. The released live/installable DVD can be adopted to emulate several classic RTOS Application Program Interfaces (APIs), directly use and understand real-time Linux in convivial desktop environment and prototyping real-time embedded applications.

Litayem, Nabil; Saoud, Slim Ben

2011-01-01

35

Analysis of Sodium Fire in the Containment Building of Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor Under the Scenario of Core Disruptive Accident  

SciTech Connect

The potential for sodium release to reactor containment building from reactor assembly during Core Disruptive Accident (CDA) in Fast Breeder Reactors (FBR) is an important safety issue with reference to the structural integrity of Reactor Containment Building (RCB). For Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR), the estimated sodium release under a CDA of 100 MJ energy release is 350 kg. The ejected sodium reacts easily with air in RCB and causes temperature and pressure rise in the RCB. For estimating the severe thermal consequences in RCB, different modes of sodium fires like pool and spray fires were analyzed by using SOFIRE -- II and NACOM sodium fire computer codes. Effects of important parameters like amount of sodium, area of pool, containment air volume and oxygen concentration have been investigated. A peak pressure rise of 7.32 kPa is predicted by SOFIRE II code for 350 kg sodium pool fire in 86,000 m{sup 3} RCB volume. Under sodium release as spray followed by unburnt sodium as pool fire mode analysis, the estimated pressure rise is 5.85 kPa in the RCB. In the mode of instantaneous combustion of sodium, the estimated peak pressure rise is 13 kPa. (authors)

Rao, P.M.; Kasinathan, N. [Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603 102 (India); Kannan, S.E. [Atomic Energy Regulatory Board, Niyamak Bhavan, Anushaktinagar, Mumbai 400 094 (India)

2006-07-01

36

Estimates of Embodied Global Energy and Air-Emission Intensities of Japanese Products for Building a Japanese Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment Database with a Global System Boundary  

PubMed Central

To build a life cycle assessment (LCA) database of Japanese products embracing their global supply chains in a manner requiring lower time and labor burdens, this study estimates the intensity of embodied global environmental burden for commodities produced in Japan. The intensity of embodied global environmental burden is a measure of the environmental burden generated globally by unit production of the commodity and can be used as life cycle inventory data in LCA. The calculation employs an input–output LCA method with a global link input–output model that defines a global system boundary grounded in a simplified multiregional input–output framework. As results, the intensities of embodied global environmental burden for 406 Japanese commodities are determined in terms of energy consumption, greenhouse-gas emissions (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, perfluorocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons, sulfur hexafluoride, and their summation), and air-pollutant emissions (nitrogen oxide and sulfur oxide). The uncertainties in the intensities of embodied global environmental burden attributable to the simplified structure of the global link input–output model are quantified using Monte Carlo simulation. In addition, by analyzing the structure of the embodied global greenhouse-gas intensities we characterize Japanese commodities in the context of LCA embracing global supply chains. PMID:22881452

2012-01-01

37

Estimates of embodied global energy and air-emission intensities of Japanese products for building a Japanese input-output life cycle assessment database with a global system boundary.  

PubMed

To build a life cycle assessment (LCA) database of Japanese products embracing their global supply chains in a manner requiring lower time and labor burdens, this study estimates the intensity of embodied global environmental burden for commodities produced in Japan. The intensity of embodied global environmental burden is a measure of the environmental burden generated globally by unit production of the commodity and can be used as life cycle inventory data in LCA. The calculation employs an input-output LCA method with a global link input-output model that defines a global system boundary grounded in a simplified multiregional input-output framework. As results, the intensities of embodied global environmental burden for 406 Japanese commodities are determined in terms of energy consumption, greenhouse-gas emissions (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, perfluorocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons, sulfur hexafluoride, and their summation), and air-pollutant emissions (nitrogen oxide and sulfur oxide). The uncertainties in the intensities of embodied global environmental burden attributable to the simplified structure of the global link input-output model are quantified using Monte Carlo simulation. In addition, by analyzing the structure of the embodied global greenhouse-gas intensities we characterize Japanese commodities in the context of LCA embracing global supply chains. PMID:22881452

Nansai, Keisuke; Kondo, Yasushi; Kagawa, Shigemi; Suh, Sangwon; Nakajima, Kenichi; Inaba, Rokuta; Tohno, Susumu

2012-08-21

38

Developing a Philippine Cancer Grid. Part 1: Building a Prototype for a Data Retrieval System for Breast Cancer Research Using Medical Ontologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the Philippines. Developed within the context of a Philippine Cancer Grid, the present study used web development technologies such as PHP, MySQL, and Apache server to build a prototype data retrieval system for breast cancer research that incorporates medical ontologies from the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS).

Coronel, Andrei D.; Saldana, Rafael P.

39

The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (English Version)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The August 2003 blackout of the northeastern U.S. and CANADA caused great economic losses and inconvenience to New York City and other affected areas. The blackout was a warning to the rest of the world that the ability of conventional power systems to meet growing electricity demand is questionable. Failure of large power systems can lead to serious emergencies. Introduction

Nan Zhou; Chris Marnay; Ryan Firestone; Weijun Gao; Masaru Nishida

2004-01-01

40

Building Better Bones Researchers are advancing medical bone implant technology with rapid prototyping techniques and digitally designed zirconia molds  

Microsoft Academic Search

spects of rapid prototyping and ti- tanium casting have been com- bined in a system to produce tita- nium replicas of human bones. Although titanium is currently used for bone replacement, implants are simple geometric approximations of the bone shape. Mismatches between implants and real bone often cause stress con- centrations and result in premature implant failure. If more accurate

NICOLE HARLAN; REUBEN REYES; DAVID BOURELL

2000-01-01

41

The Influence of Situational Prototypes on Dimensions of Intercultural Communication Competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the influence of situational prototypes on three dimensions of American subjects' intercultural communication competence: (a) understanding of Japanese rules of behaving in specific situations, (b) understanding of Japanese culture in general, and (c) affect toward Japanese culture. In the study, 44 interaction scenarios were constructed involving some misunderstanding between a Japanese and an American regarding the communication

Mitchell R. Hammer; Hiroko Nishida; Richard L. Wiseman

1996-01-01

42

Japanese Internment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will examine the decision to place all Japanese-Americans living on the West Coast into internment camps during WWII. This lesson is part of a mini-unit on Japanese Internment that will include readings in primary source documents and materials from History Alive that will provide most of the background knowledge necessary to evaluate the decision to intern Japanese-Americans during the war and the effects of internment on this group during the post-war period. This resource includes both a teaching guide and student worksheets.

Lindskog, Tom

2011-09-14

43

Prototype FASOT  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The prototype Fiber Arrayed Solar Optical Telescope (FASOT) is constructed to demonstrate spectro-imaging-polarimetry of multiple lines, as well as the feasibility of the application of polarimetric optic switching to Integral Field Units (IFUs) in order to improve the polarimetric sensitivity. These two capabilities form the main features of FASOT, while the application determines the distribution format of the IFUs. In this paper, we describe the prototype FASOT design, adjustment, and results from the prototype run.

Qu, Z. Q.; Chang, L.; Cheng, X. M.; Allington-Smith, J.; Murray, G.; Dun, G. T.; Deng, L. H.

2014-10-01

44

Prototype Facility Educational Specifications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents prototypical educational specifications to guide the building and renovation of Idaho vocational schools so they can help communities meet the advanced, professional-technical programs of the future. The specifications start with points to consider when determining school site suitability. The document then sets forth…

Idaho State Div. of Professional-Technical Education, Boise.

45

Japanese Banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

How did the Japanese achieve their unrivalled position in world banking? This book provides the first full account in English of the banking industry in Japan for the century following the opening of the country to the outside world in 1859. Professor Tamaki begins by considering the period of experimentation during the Meiji Restoration which resulted in the adoption of

Norio Tamaki

46

Prototyping Prototypes as Assets not Toys  

E-print Network

- History of Prototyping - Taxonomy of Prototypes - Prototyping languages - Pros & Cons - Designing of the software program being developed #12;· Reference 1 ­ Animating and demonstrating system requirements or not ? - Definition of Prototype - History of Prototyping - Taxonomy of Prototypes - Prototyping languages - Pros

Feitelson, Dror

47

Virtual prototyping on personal computers  

SciTech Connect

This article examines how kinematic/dynamic analysis on the PC enables engineers to perfect their designs before building physical models. In today`s high-tech engineering environments, prototypes can take a number of forms. Among a growing segment of design engineers, virtual prototyping--visualizing and testing computer-aided design (CAD) models on a computer before they are physically created--is becoming an increasingly popular way to refine design assumptions and improve new products. Virtual prototyping is accomplished by running a computer model through iterative dynamic simulations before making a physical or rapid prototype.

Lee, G. [Green Light Communications, Burbank, CA (United States)

1995-07-01

48

Prototype Implementations  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a An overview of the developed prototypes from which some are also publicly available from the 4WARD project web site is given.\\u000a The prototype implementations of the architecture framework concepts are presented, showing the application and interactions\\u000a of those concepts to other architectures described in the book: the virtualization architecture, and the In-Network-Management\\u000a architecture. Since network virtualization also needs verification at

Denis Martin; Martina Zitterbart

49

Rapid Prototyping Home Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource provides the latest developments in the fast paced field of rapid prototyping. What is rapid prototyping? Rapid prototyping takes virtual designs from computer aided design (CAD) or animation modeling software, transforms them into thin, virtual, horizontal cross-sections and then creates each cross-section in physical space, one after the next until the model is finished. It is a "WYSIWYG" process where the virtual model and the physical model correspond almost identically. With additive fabrication, the machine reads in data from a CAD drawing and lays down successive layers of liquid, powder, or sheet material, and in this way builds up the model from a series of cross sections. These layers, which correspond to the virtual cross section from the CAD model, are joined together or fused automatically to create the final shape. The primary advantage to additive fabrication is its ability to create almost any shape or geometric feature. This site has a great list of links.

2009-07-15

50

Advances in rapid prototyping  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in stereolithography and selective laser sintering have had a significant impact on the overall quality of parts produced using these rapid prototyping processes. The development and implementation of 3D System`s QuickCast{trademark} resin and software for building investment casting patterns have proven to be major steps toward fabricating highly accurate patterns with very good surface finishes. Sandia uses patterns generated from rapid prototyping processes to reduce the cycle time and cost of fabricating prototype parts in support of a Sandia National Laboratories managed program called FASTCAST. As participants in the Beta test program for QuickCast{trademark} resin and software, they experienced a steep learning curve and were able to build accurate parts in a short period of time. It is now possible, using this technology, to produce highly accurate prototype parts as well as acceptable firs article and small lots size production parts. They use the Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) process to fabricate prototype wax patterns for investment casting. DTM Corporation recently introduced the use of their polycarbonate material for fabricating investment casting patterns. The polycarbonate material is processed significantly faster, with improved strength, dimensional stability, and without a support structure during the build process. Sandia is currently changing from investment casting wax to polycarbonate for the fabrication of investment casting patterns using the SLS process. This presentation will focus on the successes with these new materials from the standpoints of application, accuracy, surface finish, and post processing. Also presented will be examples of parts manufactured by these processes.

Atwood, C.L.; McCarty, G.D.; Pardo, B.T.; Bryce, E.A.

1993-12-31

51

Prototype to Test WHY prototype to test  

E-print Network

Prototype to Test METHOD WHY prototype to test HOW to prototype to test Prototyping to test or design space. The fundamental way you test your prototypes is by letting users experience them and react to them. In creating prototypes to test with users you have the opportunity to examine your solution

Prinz, Friedrich B.

52

Rapid Prototyping  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Javelin, a Lone Peak Engineering Inc. Company has introduced the SteamRoller(TM) System as a commercial product. The system was designed by Javelin during a Phase II NASA funded small commercial product. The purpose of the invention was to allow automated-feed of flexible ceramic tapes to the Laminated Object Manufacturing rapid prototyping equipment. The ceramic material that Javelin was working with during the Phase II project is silicon nitride. This engineered ceramic material is of interest for space-based component.

1999-01-01

53

Electronic prototyping  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The potential benefits of automation in space are significant. The science base needed to support this automation not only will help control costs and reduce lead-time in the earth-based design and construction of space stations, but also will advance the nation's capability for computer design, simulation, testing, and debugging of sophisticated objects electronically. Progress in automation will require the ability to electronically represent, reason about, and manipulate objects. Discussed here is the development of representations, languages, editors, and model-driven simulation systems to support electronic prototyping. In particular, it identifies areas where basic research is needed before further progress can be made.

Hopcroft, J.

1987-01-01

54

Test building instrumentation cooperative agreement: heating/daylighting prototype development. Phase II. Passive and hybrid solar manufactured building project. Project status report No. 2, April 16, 1980-March 16, 1981  

SciTech Connect

Progress is reported on the test building instrumentation and problems encountered are described. An instrumentation trip report is presented dealing with installation of data acquisition systems, roof and roll runner building. (MCW)

Lindsey, L.L.; Snyder, M.K.

1981-03-23

55

GM Prototype Moon Buggy Wheel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Under the direction of Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) was designed to allow Apollo astronauts a greater range of mobility during lunar exploration missions. During the development process, LRV prototype wheels underwent soil tests in building 4481 at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Pictured is the GM wheel design.

1967-01-01

56

An analysis of early stage prototypes using implementation, look and feel, and role  

E-print Network

Identifying the purpose of a prototype is central to making informed decisions about the kind of prototype to build. Houde and Hill (1997) propose a model for classifying prototypes according to their purpose and the design ...

Hernley, Lauren R. (Lauren Renee)

2011-01-01

57

The Japanese Mind: Understanding Contemporary Japanese Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of essays offers an overview of contemporary Japanese culture, and can serve as a resource for classes studying Japan. The 28 essays offer an informative, accessible look at the values, attitudes, behavior patterns, and communication styles of modern Japan from the unique perspective of the Japanese people. Filled with examples…

Davies, Roger J., Ed.; Ikeno, Osamu, Ed.

58

Bullying in Japanese Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that although many Western educators praise the Japanese educational system because of its students' academic achievements, schools in Japan have developed severe and prevalent problems with student bullying. This paper examines the problem of bullying in Japanese schools. Part 1 of the paper reviews bullying incidents in Japanese schools…

Kobayashi, Futoshi

59

Japanese Radio Exercises. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit focuses on Japanese radio exercises which became popular in Japan just after World War II and are still used among students and workers in companies to help raise morale and form group unity. The exercises reflect the general role of exercise in Japanese culture--to serve as a symbol of unity and cooperation among the Japanese, as well…

Young, Jocelyn

60

The Japanese Saving Rate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite much work, economists have not been able to quantitatively account for the differences in the Japanese and U.S. saving rates after World War II. In this paper, we show that the use of actual Japanese total factor productivity growth rates in a standard growth model generates saving rates that are reasonably similar to the Japanese data between 1956 and

Kaiji Chen; Ay?e ?mrohoro?lu; Selahattin ?mrohoro?lu

2006-01-01

61

Summary Scientific Performance of EUCLID Detector Prototypes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) plan to partner to build the EUCLID mission. EUCLID is a mission concept for studying the Dark Energy that is hypothesized to account for the accelerating cosmic expansion. For the past year, NASA has been building detector prototypes at Teledyne Imaging Sensors. This talk will summarize the measured scientific performance of these detector prototypes for astrophysical and cosmological applications.

Rauscher, Bernard J.

2011-01-01

62

Quantitative Policy Evaluation of the Energy-Conservation Judgement Standards Regulations for Commercial Buildings under the Energy Conservation Act in Japan by Cost-benefit Analysis (Japanese)  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the measures employed by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport and the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry to address energy and environmental problems is to lay down, based on the Act Concerning the Rational Use of Energy (Energy Conservation Act), judgement standards for the energy consumption efficiency of buildings within Japan that are either newly built

KAINOU Kazunari

2007-01-01

63

Health Information in Japanese (???): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... ????????? - ??? (Japanese) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations Power Outages ?? - ??? (Japanese) Bilingual PDF Health Information ... ??????? - ??? (Japanese) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations Nuclear Scans Bone Scan ????? - ??? (Japanese) Bilingual PDF ...

64

Abrasive flow finishing of stereolithography prototypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research investigated the use of two relatively new technologies, abrasive flow machining (AFM) and stereolithography (SL), to minimize the time to develop a finished prototype. Statistical analysis was used to determine effects of media grit size, media pressure, build style, build orientation and resin type on flatness, material removal rate and surface roughness. Results indicated that media pressure, grit

Robert E. Williams; Vicki L. Melton

1998-01-01

65

Is Japanese Education the "Exception"?: Examining the Situated Articulation of Neo-Liberalism through the Analysis of Policy Keywords  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article builds on the author's earlier work, published in Vol. 28 No. 1 of this journal, that critiqued the Orientalist legacy in Anglo-American discussions of Japanese education. One of the manifestations of this legacy is the prevailing view among the Anglo-American observers of Japanese education that Japanese education is the "exception"…

Takayama, Keita

2009-01-01

66

Is Japanese education the “exception”?: examining the situated articulation of neo-liberalism through the analysis of policy keywords  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article builds on the author's earlier work, published in Vol. 28 No. 1 of this journal, that critiqued the Orientalist legacy in Anglo-American discussions of Japanese education. One of the manifestations of this legacy is the prevailing view among the Anglo-American observers of Japanese education that Japanese education is the “exception” to the recent global restructuring movement. This article

Keita Takayama

2009-01-01

67

Japanese Quality Control Circles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, United States scholars with an interest in international business and organizational communication have begun to notice the success of Japanese "quality control circles." These are small groups, usually composed of seven to ten workers, who are organized at the production levels within most large Japanese factories. A typical…

Nishiyama, Kazuo

68

Japanese Media in English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the use of English in the media in Japan, focusing on the role and history of English-language newspapers, radio, and television programs, as well as the proliferation of English-language films shown in Japanese cinemas. Discusses the implications of English in the Japanese media. (20 references) (MDM)

Tanaka, Sachiko Oda

1995-01-01

69

The Japanese American Story.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a view of the Japanese American experience from the time of their immigration to this country in the 1800s to their acculturation into American society in the 1970s. Topics dealt with include the prejudice and mistrust experienced by the Japanese immigrants in this country, particularly their evacuation and internment in…

Fukei, Budd

70

THE JAPANESE ADVERTISING FAMILY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with the representation of the family in Japanese TV commercials. Based on empirical research conducted in 2004 and 2005, it argues that Japanese commercials tend to depict the family and its members in highly stereotypical ways. Mothers are almost always shown doing some kind of house- work, at times supported by their daughters, preparing for their future

Michael Prieler

71

Japanese Economy Rallies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On Tuesday, March 20, 2001, Tokyo share prices rallied due to rumors that the Bank of Japan may try to boost the economy by buying stocks. By Wednesday morning, the Nikkei 225 index surged 7.5 percent after the Japanese yen had hit a 22-month low of 123.5 yen per dollar earlier this week. The national banks have been saddled with massive debts, estimated at 64 trillion yen or $521 billion and have been researching ways to revive their economy. According to Japanese economic ministers, the Japanese government will have a plan for dealing with the national banks' debt within the next six months. The Japanese government's new plan of investing into its banking system worries some US government officials who fear that the falling price of the yen will make Japanese imports cheaper and, therefore, more competitive with products made in the US.

Missner, Emily D.

72

Rapid prototype and test  

SciTech Connect

In order to support advanced manufacturing, Sandia has acquired the capability to produce plastic prototypes using stereolithography. Currently, these prototypes are used mainly to verify part geometry and ``fit and form`` checks. This project investigates methods for rapidly testing these plastic prototypes, and inferring from prototype test data actual metal part performance and behavior. Performances examined include static load/stress response, and structural dynamic (modal) and vibration behavior. The integration of advanced non-contacting measurement techniques including scanning laser velocimetry, laser holography, and thermoelasticity into testing of these prototypes is described. Photoelastic properties of the epoxy prototypes to reveal full field stress/strain fields are also explored.

Gregory, D.L.; Hansche, B.D.

1996-06-01

73

MODERN JAPANESE, A BASIC READER. VOLUME II, JAPANESE TEXTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

VOLUME II OF THIS INTRODUCTION TO WRITTEN JAPANESE CONTAINS 60 READING PASSAGES IN JAPANESE SCRIPT TO BE USED WITH THE VOCABULARY AND NOTES IN VOLUME I. THE READINGS ARE GRADED AND HAVE BEEN SELECTED TO REPRESENT GOOD MODERN JAPANESE USAGE. THE BEGINNING LESSONS ARE IN EASY INFORMAL STYLES AND ARE CONCERNED WITH THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE AND CULTURE.…

HIBBETT, HOWARD; ITASAKA, GEN

74

Rapid Prototyping: Lessons Learned  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid prototyping is a development method that may or may not be e ective in improving software products and process. Assessing the e ectiveness of rapid prototyping requires empirical data. We analyze 39 published and unpublished \\\\real world\\

V. Scott Gordon; James M. Bieman

1995-01-01

75

Learning a Large Scale of Ontology from Japanese Wikipedia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Here is discussed how to learn a large scale of ontology from Japanese Wikipedia. The learned ontology includes the following properties: rdfs:subClassOf (IS-A relationship), rdf:type (class-instance relationship), owl:Object/DatatypeProperty (Infobox triple), rdfs:domain (property domain), and skos:altLabel (synonym). Experimental case studies show us that the learned Japanese Wikipedia Ontology goes better than already existing general linguistic ontologies, such as EDR and Japanese WordNet, from the points of building costs and structure information richness.

Tamagawa, Susumu; Sakurai, Shinya; Tejima, Takuya; Morita, Takeshi; Izumi, Noriaki; Yamaguchi, Takahira

76

The energy performance of prototype holographic glazings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the simulation of the energy performance of prototype holographic glazings in commercial office buildings in a California climate. These prototype glazings, installed above conventional side windows, are designed to diffract the transmitted solar radiation and reflect it off the ceiling, providing adequate daylight illumination for typical office tasks up to 10m from the window. In this study, we experimentally determined a comprehensive set of solar-optical properties and characterized the contribution of the prototype holographic glazings to workplane illuminance in a scale model of a typical office space. We then used the scale model measurements to simulate the energy performance of the holographic glazings over the course of an entire year for four window orientations (North, East, South and West) for the inland Los Angeles climate, using the DOE-2.lD building energy analysis computer program. The results of our experimental analyses indicate that these prototype holographic glazings diffract only a small fraction of the incident light. The results of this study indicate that these prototype holographic glazings will not save energy in commercial office buildings. Their performance is very similar to that of clear glass, which, through side windows, cannot efficiently illuminate more than a 4-6 m depth of a building's perimeter, because the cooling penalties due to solar heat gain are greater than the electric lighting savings due to daylighting.

Papamichael, K.; Beltran, L.; Furler, R.; Lee, E. S.; Selkowitz, S.; Rubin, M.

1993-02-01

77

Prototyping Idea Generation: "Ideation"  

E-print Network

a fairly rapid cycle of · Brainstorming ideas, even at a "blue sky" level. · Prototyping and developing Computer of the Future" #12;4 Hardware Rapid Prototyping The affordability of 3D printers has changed some1 Prototyping Idea Generation: "Ideation" The process of "idea generation" typically includes

Golub, Evan

78

The Perils of Prototyping.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The benefits of prototyping as a basis for system design include better specifications, earlier discovery of omissions and extensions, and the likelihood of salvaging much of the effort expended on the prototype. Risks and methods of prototyping during rapid systems development are also noted. (Author/MLW)

Lowry, Christina; Little, Robert

1985-01-01

79

Rapid Prototype Group  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A worker from Marshall's Rapid Prototype Group inspects a prototype of the rocket based combined cycle engine (RBCC). Rapid prototyping group provides engineering models for many MSFC projects. The group takes computer designs from Marshall engineers and then make models based on these designs. They use many irnovative techniques to provide Marshall engineers with models of their designs.

1997-01-01

80

Rapid Prototyping of Large Multi-Agent Systems through Logic Programming  

E-print Network

Rapid Prototyping of Large Multi-Agent Systems through Logic Programming W. Vasconcelos of the system. In this paper, we describe a method for rapidly building prototypes of large multi-agent systems a distributed platform to simulate prototypes. 1. Introduction Rapid prototyping offers a means to explore

Vasconcelos, Wamberto

81

Rapid prototyping of rapid prototyping machines  

E-print Network

Rapid prototyping tools empower individuals to create almost anything. Unfortunately, these tools are still far too expensive for personal ownership. The do-it-yourself community has responded with a slew of home-made rapid ...

Moyer, Ilan Ellison

2008-01-01

82

Teaching the Japanese Copula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The traditional approach in teaching the Japanese copula is shown to be linguistically and pedagogically defective. An alternative analysis of -da and -desu and a practical method of presenting them is demonstrated. (HP)

Mills, David O.

1977-01-01

83

Expressive Phonemes in Japanese  

E-print Network

It was theorized that phonemes and meaning may be related in a manner that is not arbitrary. Japanese reduplicative onomatopoeia and metaphoric onomatopoeia were used for an investigation of the functioning of the phoneme ...

Bruch, Julie

1986-01-01

84

Super Hero, Japanese Style  

E-print Network

Broadcast Transcript: Super Sentai is a long-running Japanese TV series about regular humans who destroy bad guys using nothing but their color-coded uniforms, excellent martial arts skills and, you know, totally advanced weapons and gigantic...

Hacker, Randi

2013-10-02

85

Japanese resource dependence  

SciTech Connect

This thesis is an examination of Japan's strategic resource dependence and her reliance of the three raw materials-rich regions of Southeast Asia (ASEAN), the Persian Gulf, and Southern Africa. A discussion of the Japanese formula for securing resources in the less developed countries of the 'South' is included along with a brief overview of her onshore resource utilization in business/industry. The roles of direct foreign investment, official development assistance, energy conservation, and Japanese multinationalization are discussed.

Sim, R.W.

1982-03-01

86

Comparison of postmenopausal endogenous sex hormones among Japanese, Japanese Brazilians, and non-Japanese Brazilians  

PubMed Central

Background Differences in sex hormone levels among populations might contribute to the variation in breast cancer incidence across countries. Previous studies have shown higher breast cancer incidence and mortality among Japanese Brazilians than among Japanese. To clarify the difference in hormone levels among populations, we compared postmenopausal endogenous sex hormone levels among Japanese living in Japan, Japanese Brazilians living in the state of Săo Paulo, and non-Japanese Brazilians living in the state of Săo Paulo. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted using a control group of case-control studies in Nagano, Japan, and Săo Paulo, Brazil. Participants were postmenopausal women older than 55 years of age who provided blood samples. We measured estradiol, estrone, androstenedione, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), testosterone and free testosterone by radioimmunoassay; bioavailable estradiol by the ammonium sulfate precipitation method; and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) by immunoradiometric assay. A total of 363 women were included for the present analyses, comprising 185 Japanese, 44 Japanese Brazilians and 134 non-Japanese Brazilians. Results Japanese Brazilians had significantly higher levels of estradiol, bioavailable estradiol, estrone, testosterone and free testosterone levels, and lower SHBG levels, than Japanese. Japanese Brazilians also had significantly higher levels of bioavailable estradiol, estrone and DHEAS and lower levels of SHBG and androstenedione than non-Japanese Brazilians. Levels of estradiol, testosterone and free testosterone, however, did not differ between Japanese Brazilians and non-Japanese Brazilians. These differences were observed even after adjustment for known breast cancer risk factors. We also found an increase in estrogen and androgen levels with increasing body mass index, but no association for most of the other known risk factors. Conclusions We found higher levels of estrogens and androgens in Japanese Brazilians than in Japanese and levels similar to or higher than in non-Japanese Brazilians. Our findings may help explain the increase in the incidence and mortality rate of breast cancer among Japanese Brazilians. PMID:21324183

2011-01-01

87

Utilizing Rapid Prototyping for Architectural Modeling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper will discuss our approach to, success with and future direction in rapid prototyping for architectural modeling. The premise that this emerging technology has broad and exciting applications in the building design and construction industry will be supported by visual and physical evidence. This evidence will be presented in the form of…

Kirton, E. F.; Lavoie, S. D.

2006-01-01

88

Japanese industrial research on lean combustion: A case study: International Research Monitoring Program  

SciTech Connect

In recent years, Japanese automakers have introduced a number of successful lean-combustion engines. These engines, in addition to the general expertise in building small cars, have made the Japanese automobiles into the gas mileage champions of the US market. The lean-combustion engines also provide very satisfactory performance and acceptable emissions. United States automakers and research managers, who were probably better informed about lean-combustion than the Japanese were, actively investigated lean-combustion but did not develop an engine. This report examines the basis for the Japanese innovations, the research that took the Japanese past the US state of the art to permit engine development. A preliminary review of recent (1980s) Japanese literature did not turn up strong evidence of new research activity in the lean-combustion area, but did provide background on new engines developed by several major manufacturers. The study was conducted solely through the Japanese and US published literature, with emphasis on early research conducted in the 1970s. This report presents an example of how Japanese research progress can be examined by reviewing the Japanese research literature. Although useful information was obtained by this method, it is still difficult to get a complete picture. When reviewing the literature, as was done for this report, one must remember that the marginal use of references by Japanese researchers obscures prior work, as does the tendency of the Japanese to publish several articles on similar or identical topics. 50 refs., 15 figs.

Hane, G.J.; Hutchinson, R.A.

1987-08-01

89

NATIONAl CHARACTER STUDIES OF JAPANESE  

E-print Network

In this paper, I suggest that the national character studies of Japanese have largely been focused on cultural explanations. Thus, they share the weaknesses attributed to this approach. After a review of the literature on Japanese national character...

Kato, Ryoko

1988-01-01

90

Polygonaceae (Smartweed family) Japanese knotweed  

E-print Network

-seed- ed, shiny, dark brown to black, three-sided fruit. Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb. & Zucc Japanese;Polygonaceae (Smartweed family) Japanese knotweed continued Similar weeds Giant knotweed (P. sachalinense F. W

91

New Frontiers for Japanese Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Japanese literature, television, movies, and school texts from 1935 to 1955 are analyzed for their influence and contribution to Japanese youths' pioneering spirit and frontiermindedness. "Asian Affairs" is published by the American-Asian Educational Exchange, New York. (DE)

Tucker, Frank H.

1974-01-01

92

PERTS: A Prototyping Environment for Real-Time Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We discuss an ongoing project to build a Prototyping Environment for Real-Time Systems, called PERTS. PERTS is a unique prototyping environment in that it has (1) tools and performance models for the analysis and evaluation of real-time prototype systems, (2) building blocks for flexible real-time programs and the support system software, (3) basic building blocks of distributed and intelligent real time applications, and (4) an execution environment. PERTS will make the recent and future theoretical advances in real-time system design and engineering readily usable to practitioners. In particular, it will provide an environment for the use and evaluation of new design approaches, for experimentation with alternative system building blocks and for the analysis and performance profiling of prototype real-time systems.

Liu, Jane W. S.; Lin, Kwei-Jay; Liu, C. L.

1991-01-01

93

Reflective physical prototyping through integrated design, test, and analysis  

E-print Network

, building with foam core [31]. The epistemic production [22] of concrete prototypes affords unexpected realizations that a designer could not have arrived at without producing a concrete artifact. This articulation

Stanford University

94

Japanese Ant Image Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 2003 revised edition of the Japanese Ant Image Database was developed under the direction of the Japanese Ant Database Group (JADG). The website, which merges taxonomic information and stunning photographs, will no doubt delight myrmecologists and others. Information about different types of ants can be accessed through browseable, hyperlinked lists organized by subfamily, genus, and species. Genus and species profiles include images, references, descriptive information, simple distribution maps, and more. The site includes a Japanese Ant Image Library with hundreds of quality images, and a smaller SEM Image Library as well. The site also offers sections with Type Specimens and Taxonomic Keys. Please note that the site has not been updated since 2003; there are future plans to revisit the project when updates and corrections become necessary.

95

UCSF Japanese Prints Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California at San Francisco has spent thirty years cultivating its collection of Japanese woodblock prints, and it has become an important part of the Library's East Asian Collection. The collection of 400 digitized prints concern Japanese health-related topics from the mid-19th century, and portray the gradual acceptance of Western medicine. Visitors can view the collection by theme or perform a search to find something more specific. The themes include "Contagious Diseases", which focuses on smallpox, measles and cholera, "Foreigners and Disease", which highlights the Japanese belief that foreigners carried diseases to Japan, and "Drug Advertisements". The "Drug Advertisements" are quite possibly the most beautiful drug ads in existence, and they feature elaborate images of drugs slaying disease, kabuki actors promoting a show sponsored by a children's medicine, Kindoru powder, and a detailed rendering of the interior of a drugstore, printed on a fan that was given out as a promotional item to advertise the business.

96

Prototype Thermoballistic Model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The probabilistic approach to carrier transport is presented. Within this approach, a prototype thermoballistic model is developed. It incorporates as the constitutive element of the thermoballistic concept the ballistic configurations, which arise from a random partitioning of the length of a semiconducting sample into ballistic transport intervals. The prototype model allows various examples of current interest to be treated explicitly.

Lipperheide, Reinhard; Wille, Uwe

97

Japanese House Kazuko Suzki Carlson  

E-print Network

connections among language, art and culture at regional, national, and international scales. Share1 Japanese House Kazuko Suzki Carlson Mutsumi Corson Natsumi Ueno OVERVIEW This Japanese culture and language residential learning program is designed for students eager to study Japanese culture and

Hayden, Nancy J.

98

A GLOSSARY OF JAPANESE NEOLOGISMS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS GLOSSARY COMPRISES A LIST OF USEFUL NEW WORDS AND PHRASES IN CURRENT USE NOT FOUND IN JAPANESE-ENGLISH DICTIONARIES, SPECIFICALLY KENKYUSHA'S NEW JAPANESE-ENGLISH DICTIONARY, 1954 EDITION, WHICH HAS SERVED AS THE MODEL IN MOST RESPECTS FOR THE FORMAT AND STYLE. ROMANIZATION OF THE ORTHOGRAPHY FOLLOWS A MODIFIED HEPBURN SYSTEM AND THE JAPANESE

BAILEY, DON C.

99

Cultural Competence in Business Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cultural competence in business Japanese requires more than superficial knowledge of business etiquette. One must truly understand why Japanese people think and act differently from their American counterparts. For example, instruction in the use of Japanese taxis must be accompanied by instruction in the concept and implications of seating order…

Koike, Shohei

100

Japanese VLBI Network  

E-print Network

We present the basic features and the activities of Japanese VLBI network (JVN), a newly-established VLBI network with baselines ranging from 50 to 2560 km spreading across the Japanese islands, and capable of observing at 6.7, 8.4, and 22 GHz. We show a number of results of JVN observations: 8.4-GHz continuum images of a Giga-hertz Peaked Spectrum (GPS) source and radio-loud Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 galaxies (NLS1s), the spatial and velocity structures of water masers in NML Cygni as well as methanol masers in Cep A, and demonstrative observations with the bigradient phase referencing.

Akihiro Doi; Kenta Fujisawa; Keiichiro Harada; Takumi Nagayama; Kousuke Suematsu; Koichiro Sugiyama; Asao Habe; Mareki Honma; Noriyuki Kawaguchi; Hideyuki Kobayashi; Yasuhiro Koyama; Yasuhiro Murata; Toshihiro Omodaka; Kazuo Sorai; Hiroshi Sudou; Hiroshi Takaba; Kazuhiro Takashima; Ken-ichi Wakamatsu

2006-12-19

101

PERTS: A Prototyping Environment for Real-Time Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

PERTS is a prototyping environment for real-time systems. It is being built incrementally and will contain basic building blocks of operating systems for time-critical applications, tools, and performance models for the analysis, evaluation and measurement of real-time systems and a simulation/emulation environment. It is designed to support the use and evaluation of new design approaches, experimentations with alternative system building blocks, and the analysis and performance profiling of prototype real-time systems.

Liu, Jane W. S.; Lin, Kwei-Jay; Liu, C. L.

1993-01-01

102

Japanese Foreign Minister Nobutaka  

E-print Network

for a plentiful future supply of clean power as the world moves away from coal, oil and natural gas. Top Japanese China Iter Defense and Foreign Policy FAMU01 Thu, 5 May 2005 04:46:59 GMT © AFP TOP | | | | | | | | | | | | Press Review The Business Connection Front Page Defense and Foreign Policy Politics and Society Style

103

Reconstruction of Japanese Vowels.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the relationship between linguistic reconstructions and their historical validity using the case of Old Japanese (8th century A.D.) vowels as an example. Reconstructions throughout the paper include only those cases in which the modern reflexes and phonological correspondences between two or more genetically related languages…

Aoki, Haruo

1972-01-01

104

Reciprocal Predicates in Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of reciprocals in Japanese compares two kinds: (1) a verbal suffix "aw"; and (2) an NP argument "otagai." Although "otagai" appears to be taken care of by syntactic binding theory, it is proposed that there is no evidence for the existence of a syntactic position of the object NP in the case of "aw." The suffix can be characterized as…

Ishii, Yasuo

105

Japanese Experiences: "Hentai" Narratives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For those acquainted with Japanese lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) issues, "Queer Voices from Japan" can be good reading. But with only 1 of its 22 chapters informative for researchers, those interested in LGBT youth studies will only indirectly gain insight into a non-Western perspective on youth and sexuality.

Kama, Amit

2011-01-01

106

Japanese Named Entity Extraction with Redundant Morphological Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Named Entity (NE) extraction is an important subtask of document processing such as information extraction and question answering. A typical method used for NE extraction of Japanese texts is a cascade of morphological analysis, POS tagging and chunking. However, there are some cases where segmentation granularity contradicts the results of morphological analysis and the building units of NEs, so that

Masayuki Asahara; Yuji Matsumoto

2003-01-01

107

An experimental Japanese\\/English interpreting video phone system  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we report on the architectural design issues and expe- riences gained while building and demonstrating an experimental interpreting video phone (IVP) system. The IVP system has been demonstrated in an internet home shopping simulation simultane- ously before live audiences in Japan and the U.S. An American shop assistant and a Japanese customer engaged in task-directed dialogues, using

Murat Karaorman; Ted H. Applebaum; Tatsuro Itoh; Mitsuru Endo; Yoshio Ohno; Masakatsu Hoshimi; Takahiro Kamai; Kenji Matsui; Kazue Hata; Steve Pearson; Jean-Claude Junqua

1996-01-01

108

PROTOTYPE COMPETITION -The Competition  

E-print Network

are a young startup based in Jerusalem with no budget big enough to pay for a prototype so we decided future projects. All the best and good luck ! Yekutiel Sherman CEO Escalade #12;Application and Deadline

Dov, Avigad

109

Recommending Source Code for Use in Rapid Software Prototypes Collin McMillan  

E-print Network

Recommending Source Code for Use in Rapid Software Prototypes Collin McMillan College of William, we present a system for rapid prototyping that facilitates software reuse by mining feature systems I. INTRODUCTION Rapid prototyping is a software development activity in which programmers build

Poshyvanyk, Denys

110

Rapid Prototyping of Mobile ContextAware Applications: The Cyberguide Case Study  

E-print Network

Rapid Prototyping of Mobile Context­Aware Applications: The Cyberguide Case Study Sue Long, Rob, Cyberguide, has as its main focus the rapid prototyping of hand­ held mobile applications in order to assess present the Cyberguide project, in which we are building prototypes of a mobile context­aware tour guide

Abowd, Gregory D.

111

Build a Toy Workshop  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Working as if they are engineers who work for (the hypothetical) Build-a-Toy Workshop company, students apply their imaginations and the engineering design process to design and build prototype toys with moving parts. They set up electric circuits using batteries, wire and motors. They create plans for project material expenses to meet a budget.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

112

MRI in Japanese encephalitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We document the MRI features in seven patients with Japanese encephalitis. MRI was carried out on a 1.5 T system within 10–60\\u000a days of onset. In all the patients MRI revealed bilateral thalamic lesions, haemorrhagic in five. Signal changes were present\\u000a in the cerebrum in four patients, the midbrain and cerebellum in three each, the pons in two and the

S. Kumar; U. K. Misra; J. Kalita; V. Salwani; R. K. Gupta; R. Gujral

1997-01-01

113

Early Prototyping Human-Centered  

E-print Network

, tactile, functional ­! e.g., 3D physical models of style or function !! Integration ­! combination of sub for the Environment #12;Learning Goals Today !! Understand the different types and uses of prototypes !! Know Prototypes Prototype? #12;Four Uses of Prototypes !! Learning ­! answering questions about performance

Agogino, Alice M.

114

Prototyping the Future  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Advanced Ceramics Research (ACR) of Tucson, Arizona, researches transforming scientific concepts into technological achievement. Through the SBIR (Small Business Innovative Research) program, ACR developed a high pressure and temperature fused deposition system, a prototyping system that is known as extrusion freeform fabrication. This system is useful in manufacturing prosthetics. ACR also developed a three-dimensional rapid prototyping process in which physical models are quickly created directly from computer generated models. Marshall Space Flight Center also contracted ACR to fabricate a set of ceramic engines to be appraised for a solar thermal rocket engine test program.

1998-01-01

115

A prototype electronic encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a prototype electronic encyclopedia implemented on a powerful personal computer, in which user interface, media presentation, and knowledge representation techniques are applied to improving access to a knowledge resource. In itself, an electronic encyclopedia is an important information resource, but this work also illustrates the issues and approaches for many types of electronic information retrieval environments. In the

Stephen A. Weyer; Alan H. Borning

1985-01-01

116

Wireless sensor prototype platform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the design and performance measurements of a wireless sensor prototype platform (UbiSensor). UbiSensor combines techniques used in wireless microsensors and radio frequency identification (RFID) resulting a wireless sensor having sensing, data processing, network protocol execution, and energy scavenging capabilities. The platform design is driven by energy consumption minimization of given tasks. A commercially available microcontroller, low power

Mikko Kohvakka; Marko Hannikainen; T. D. Hamalainen

2003-01-01

117

Cost Effective Prototyping  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This laboratory exercise seeks to develop a cost effective prototype development. The exercise has the potential of linking part design, CAD, mold development, quality control, metrology, mold flow, materials testing, fixture design, automation, limited parts production and other issues as related to plastics manufacturing.

Wickman, Jerry L.; Kundu, Nikhil K.

1996-01-01

118

MIND performance and prototyping  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The performance of MIND (Magnetised Iron Neutrino Detector) at a neutrino factory has been revisited in a new analysis. In particular, the low neutrino energy region is studied, obtaining an efficiency plateau around 5 GeV for a background level below 10-3. A first look has been given into the detector optimisation and prototyping.

Cervera-Villanueva, A.

2008-02-01

119

Difficulties Japanese Gay Youth Encounter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This feature is a collection of brief essays recently written by Japanese and Chinese gay youth, followed by commentary from several leading educators and scholars. Akihiko Komiya's "Difficulties Japanese Gay Youth Encounter" provides excerpts from the stories of six gay youth and their everyday lives, based on their letters in "Buddy", a magazine…

Komiya, Akihiko; Ofuji, Keiko

2003-01-01

120

Asian Pacific Perspectives: Japanese Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These instructional materials on Japanese Americans for elementary students were developed through the K.E.Y.S. project (Knowledge of English Yields Success). Information is included on early immigrants, their historical and cultural background, and current problems of Japanese Americans. Resource guides describe the purpose of the unit, how to…

Los Angeles Unified School District, CA.

121

Language Habits of the Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contrasts Japanese language habits with Western language habits, asserting that Japanese need to speak more concisely, express themselves clearly and frankly, and eliminate superfluous polite language and preliminaries in order to be successful in the efficiency-oriented civilization that is a product of Western culture. (RAE)

Kinosita, Koreo

1988-01-01

122

Ground Systems Development Environment (GSDE) interface requirements and prototyping plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report describes the data collection and requirements analysis effort of the Ground System Development Environment (GSDE) Interface Requirements study. It identifies potential problems in the interfaces among applications and processors in the heterogeneous systems that comprises the GSDE. It describes possible strategies for addressing those problems. It also identifies areas for further research and prototyping to demonstrate the capabilities and feasibility of those strategies and defines a plan for building the necessary software prototypes.

Church, Victor E.; Philips, John; Bassman, Mitchell; Williams, C.

1990-01-01

123

GRAPE-6: A Petaflops Prototype  

E-print Network

We present the outline of a research project aimed at designing and constructing a hybrid computing system that can be easily scaled up to petaflops speeds. As a first step, we envision building a prototype which will consist of three main components: a general-purpose, programmable front end, a special-purpose, fully hardwired computing engine, and a multi-purpose, reconfigurable system. The driving application will be a suite of particle-based large-scale simulations in various areas of physics. The prototype system will achieve performance in the $\\sim 50 - 100$ teraflops range for a broad class of applications in this area. The combination of a hardwired petaflops-class computational engine and a front end with sustained speed on the order of 10 gigaflops can produce extremely high performance, but only for the limited class of problems in which there exists a single bottleneck with computing cost dominating the total. While the calculation for which the Grape-4 (our system's immediate predecessor) was designed is a prime example of such a problem, in many other applications the primary computational bottleneck, while still related to an inverse-square (gravitational, Coulomb, etc.) force, requires less than 99% of the computing power. Although the remainder of the CPU time is typically dominated by just one secondary bottleneck, its nature varies greatly from problem to problem. It is not cost-effective to attempt to design custom chips for each new problem that arises. FPGA-based systems can restore the balance, guaranteeing scalability from the teraflops to the petaflops domain, while still retaining significant flexibility. (abbreviated abstract)

Piet Hut; Jeffrey M. Arnold; Junichiro Makino; Stephen L. W. McMillan; Thomas L. Sterling

1997-04-18

124

Mars Spark Source Prototype  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Mars Spark Source Prototype (MSSP) hardware has been developed as part of a proof of concept system for the detection of trace metals such as lead, cadmium, and arsenic in Martian dusts and soils. A spark discharge produces plasma from a soil sample and detectors measure the optical emission from metals in the plasma that will allow their identification and quantification. Trace metal measurements are vital for the assessment of the potential toxicity of the Martian environment for human exploration. The current method of X-ray fluorescence can yield concentrations only of major species. Other instruments are incompatible with the volume, weight, and power constraints for a Mars mission. The instrument will be developed primarily for use in the Martian environment, but would be adaptable for terrestrial use in environmental monitoring. This paper describes the Mars Spark Source Prototype hardware, the results of the characterization tests, and future plans for hardware development.

Eichenberg, Dennis J.; Lindamood, Glenn R.; Weiland, Karen J.; VanderWal, Randall L.

1999-01-01

125

Mars Spark Source Prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Mars Spark Source Prototype (MSSP) hardware has been developed as part of a proof of concept system for the detection of trace metals such as lead, cadmium, and arsenic in Martian dusts and soils. A spark discharge produces plasma from a soil sample and detectors measure the optical emission from metals in the plasma that will allow their identification and quantification. Trace metal measurements are vital for the assessment of the potential toxicity of the Martian environment for human exploration. The current method of X-ray fluorescence can yield concentrations only of major species. Other instruments are incompatible with the volume, weight, and power constraints for a Mars mission. The instrument will be developed primarily for use in the Martian environment, but would be adaptable for terrestrial use in environmental monitoring. This paper describes the Mars Spark Source Prototype hardware, the results of the characterization tests, and future plans for hardware development.

Eichenberg, Dennis J.; Lindamood, Glenn R.; Weiland, Karen J.; VanderWal, Randall L.

1999-10-01

126

Aspects of the Russo-Japanese War  

Microsoft Academic Search

On 6 February 1998 a symposium was held in STICERD on Aspects of the Russo-Japanese War at which two papers were presented: 'The Japanese Military during the Russo-Japanese War, 1904-05: A Reconsideration of Command Politics and Public Images', by Dr Lone, and 'British Observers of the Russo-Japanese War', by Dr Towle.

Stewart Lone; Philip Towle

1998-01-01

127

Majorana Thermosyphon Prototype Experimental Setup  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the experimental setup of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR thermosyphon prototype cooling system. A nitrogen thermosyphon prototype of such a system has been built and tested at PNNL. This document presents the experimental setup of the prototype that successfully demonstrated the heat transfer performance of the system.

Reid, Douglas J.; Guzman, Anthony D.; Munley, John T.

2011-08-01

128

The prototype of sex chromosomes found in Korean populations of Rana rugosa.  

PubMed

The seventh largest chromosome in Japanese populations of the frog Rana rugosa morphologically evolved as a sex chromosome. The sex chromosome is XX/XY type in one geographic form and ZZ/ZW type in another. In contrast, the seventh chromosomes are still homomorphic between the sexes in the other two geographic forms: they are more subtelocentric in the Kanto form and subtelocentric in the western Japanese form. To identify a prototype of the sex chromosomes, we extended our investigation in this study to the Korean form, which is supposed to be close to the phylogenetic origin of this species. The karyotype, a sex-linked gene sequence, and mechanisms of sex determination and gonadal differentiation were all examined. In addition, phylogenetic analyses were performed based on mitochondrial gene sequences and the results of crossings between the Korean and Japanese forms. As a consequence, the more subtelocentric seventh chromosome, shared by the Korean and Japanese Kanto forms, was concluded to be the prototype of the sex chromosomes. Starting at the prototype, a whole process of morphological sex chromosome evolution was reconstructed. PMID:12900563

Ogata, M; Lee, J-Y; Kim, S; Ohtani, H; Sekiya, K; Igarashi, T; Hasegawa, Y; Ichikawa, Y; Miura, I

2002-01-01

129

Stability-dependent Mass Isolation for Steel Buildings  

E-print Network

of the seismic performance of the SDMI method. First, a genetic algorithm is used to find optimized SDMI building prototypes and, later, these prototypes are subjected to a series of earthquake records having different hazard levels. This analytical testing...

Peternell Altamira, Luis E 1981-

2012-12-05

130

Application of Montague grammar to English-Japanese machine translation  

SciTech Connect

English-Japanese machine translation requires a large amount of structural transformation in both grammatical and conceptual level. In order to make the control structure clearer and more understandable, this paper proposes a model based on Montague grammar. The translation process is modelled as a data flow computation process. Formal description tools are developed and a prototype system is constructed. Various problems which arise in this modelling and their solutions are described. Results of experiments are shown and the extent to which initial goals are achieved is discussed. 14 references.

Nishida, T.; Doshita, S.

1983-01-01

131

Japanese Encephalitis Vaccines  

PubMed Central

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a significant human health concern in Asia, Indonesia and parts of Australia with more than 3 billion people potentially at risk of infection with Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), the causative agent of JE. Given the risk to human health and the theoretical potential for JEV use as a bioweapon, the development of safe and effective vaccines to prevent JEV infection is vital for preserving human health. The development of vaccines for JE began in the 1940s with formalin-inactivated mouse brain-derived vaccines. These vaccines have been shown to induce a protective immune response and to be very effective. Mouse brain-derived vaccines were still in use until May 2011 when the last lots of the BIKEN® JE-VAX® expired. Development of modern JE vaccines utilizes cell culture-derived viruses and improvements in manufacturing processes as well as removal of potential allergens or toxins have significantly improved vaccine safety. China has developed a live-attenuated vaccine that has proven to induce protective immunity following a single inoculation. In addition, a chimeric vaccine virus incorporating the prM and E structural proteins derived from the live-attenuated JE vaccine into the live-attenuated yellow fever 17D vaccine virus backbone is currently in clinical trials. In this article, we provide a summary of JE vaccine development and on-going clinical trials. We also discuss the potential risk of JEV as a bioweapon with a focus on virus sustainability if used as a weapon. PMID:23125946

McArthur, Monica A.; Holbrook, Michael R.

2012-01-01

132

A Japanese patient with a mild Lenz–Majewski syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on a sclerosing bone dysplasia, associated with cutis laxa, enamel dysplasia, and mental retardation. The patient\\u000a was a 17-year-old Japanese boy of normal height and muscular build. Cutis laxa with prominent veins in the scalp and abdominal\\u000a wall and delayed eruption of permanent teeth attracted the attention of clinicians in infancy and adolescence, respectively.\\u000a The clinical manifestations included

Sumito Dateki; Tatsuro Kondoh; Gen Nishimura; Katsuaki Motomura; Koh-ichiro Yoshiura; Akira Kinoshita; Hideo Kuniba; Yoshiyuki Koga; Hiroyuki Moriuchi

2007-01-01

133

Rapid Prototype Modeling  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teachers' Domain presents this video as part of a series on advanced technological education. In the clip, students describe what is involved in rapid prototyping technology, including how three-dimensional models are produced. The video presents a studentâÂÂs point of view on the educational experience at community college, which offers hands-on experience that employers are looking for. The video may be viewed online or downloaded. To download the clip, users must create a free login for Teachers' Domain. Running time for this MPEG 4 video is 2:08. Educators will also find a background essay, discussion questions, and standards alignment for the material.

2010-10-01

134

Prototype dining hall energy efficiency study  

SciTech Connect

The energy consumption of food service facilities is among the highest of any commercial building type, owing to the special requirements for food preparation, sanitation, and ventilation. Consequently, the US Air Force Engineering and Services Center (AFESC) contracted with Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) to collect and analyze end-use energy consumption data for a prototypical dining hall and make specific recommendations on cost-effective energy conservation options. This information will be used to establish or update criteria for dining hall designs and retrofits as appropriate. 6 refs., 21 figs., 23 tabs.

Mazzucchi, R.P.; Bailey, S.A.; Zimmerman, P.W.

1988-06-01

135

Safety design of prototype fast breeder reactor  

SciTech Connect

The basic design and safety design of Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR) is presented. Design aspects covered include safety classification, seismic categorization, design basis conditions, design safety limits, core physics, core monitoring, shutdown system, decay heat removal system, protection against sodium leaks and tube leaks in steam generator, plant layout, radiation protection, event analysis, beyond design basis accidents, integrity of primary containment, reactor containment building and design pressure resulting from core disruptive accident. The measures provided in the design represent a robust case of the safety of the reactor. (authors)

Bhoje, S.B.; Chetal, S.C.; Singh, Om Pal [Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam (India)

2004-07-01

136

Preliminary experience with medical applications of rapid prototyping by selective laser sintering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid prototyping techniques, originally developed for building components from computer aided designs in the motor industry, are now being applied in medicine to build models of human anatomy from high resolution multiplanar imaging data such a computed tomography (CT). The established technique of stereolithography and the more recent selective laser sintering (SLS), both build up an object layer by layer.

E. Berry; J. M. Brown; M. Connell; C. M. Craven; N. D. Efford; A. Radjenovic; M. A. Smith

1997-01-01

137

Japanese Science and Technology Management Program (JSTMP) Final Technical Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Japanese Science and Technology Management Program designed a training program with four major components; i)Japanese language training, 2) education in Japanese business and social culture, 3)education on the inter- relationships between Japanese fam...

J. Wolff

1999-01-01

138

The Japanese Balloon Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Japanese scientific ballooning program has been organized by ISAS since the institute was founded in mid 1960s. Since then, the balloon group of ISAS has been engaged in the development of the balloon technologies and scientific observations in collaboration with scientists and engineers in other universities and organizations. Here, I describe several subjects of recent activities, the details of some items will also be reported in the separate papers in this meeting.Preparation of a new mobile receiving station.

  • Balloons of made of the EVAL (Ethylene-Vinyl-Alcohol) films. EVAL film has specific Infra-red absorption bands, and is expected to be useful for saving the ballast for a long duration flight.
  • A high altitude balloon with thin polyethylene films achieving at an altitude of above 50km. Further improvement of this type of balloons is continued by inventing how to extrude thin films less than 5 microns of thickness.
  • Recent achievement of Antarctica Flights under the collaboration of ISAS and National Polar Institute.
  • Other new efforts to long duration flights such as satellite link boomerang balloon systems and others.
  • New balloon borne scientific instrumentation for observations of high energy electrons and Anti-protons in cosmic-rays.

    Nishimura, J.

  • 139

    Prototyping user displays using CLIPS  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    CLIPS is being used as an integral module of a rapid prototyping system. The prototyping system consists of a display manager for object browsing, a graph program for displaying line and bar charts, and a communications server for routing messages between modules. A CLIPS simulation of a physical model provides dynamic control of the user's display. Currently, a project is well underway to prototype the Advanced Automation System (AAS) for the Federal Aviation Administration.

    Kosta, Charles P.; Miller, Ross; Krolak, Patrick; Vesty, Matt

    1990-01-01

    140

    Rapid Prototyping Roadmapping  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Roadmapping has long been thought of as a process for getting from point A to point B within a single discipline. Roadmapping for Rapid Prototyping has multiple paths of which we will diagram in this meeting. When you consider the dynamic change that the computer has made in both developing as well as manufacturing products, we could only assume that further electronic medium matched with mechanical inventions will continue. This industry roadmap is intended to point and lead us to the promised manufacturing land. We hope to reduce the inherent risk associated with technology development by providing a clear goal of mapping to a manufacturing process. The work of DoE in 1994 was excellent and began a journey that would benefit the decision makers and allow for choices that would be good investment decisions. While this work included government agencies, this map is broader and includes industry and academia input.

    Cooper, Kenneth G.

    1998-01-01

    141

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey W. N. Manning, Photographer, March ...  

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey W. N. Manning, Photographer, March 14, 1935 VIEW IN DINING ROOM SHOWING JAPANESE CHINA CLOSET, S.W. - John Bullard House, Harrogate Springs Road vicinity, Wetumpka, Elmore County, AL

    142

    SPACE CHARGE EFFECTS FOR THE ERL PROTOTYPE AT DARESBURY LABORATORY  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daresbury Laboratory is currently building an Energy Recovery Linac Prototype (ERLP) that will operate at a beam energy of 35 MeV. In this paper we examine the space charge effects on the beam dynamics in the ERLP transfer line. This is done in two ways. The first is based on an analytic formula derived via the envelope equations and a

    B. Muratori; C. Gerth; N. Vinokurov

    2004-01-01

    143

    Rapid Prototyping as an Aid to Sustainable Design  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    This research explored the use of rapid prototyping as a tool for selecting the building composition w ith the greatest potential for energy efficiency. This research exa mined methods of translating the data gathered from energy modeling software to a format compatible with 3-D printing technology. The growing public awareness o f the finite quantity of natural resources available for

    Xavier Lange

    144

    Reflective Physical Prototyping through Integrated Design, Test, and Analysis  

    E-print Network

    medium -- sketching on paper, shaping clay, building with foam core [32]. The epistemic production [23] of concrete prototypes affords unexpected realizations that a designer could not have arrived at without producing a concrete artifact. This articulation of design as a thinking- by-doing activity foregrounds

    Pratt, Vaughan

    145

    Application of fused deposition modeling rapid prototyping system to the development of microchannels  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Conventional methods of producing micro-scale components for BioMEMS applications such as microfluidic devices are limited to relatively simple geometries and are inefficient for prototype production. Rapid prototyping techniques may be applied to overcome these limitations. Fused Deposition Modelling is one such rapid prototyping process, which can build parts using layer by layer deposition technique with layers as low as 0.178

    Hengzi Wang; Syed Masood; Pio Iovenitti; Erol C. Harvey

    2001-01-01

    146

    What Is Business Japanese? Designing a Japanese Course for Business Communication.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Experiences in developing "Business Japanese" courses for the undergraduate major in Language and International Trade at Eastern Michigan University are described. In 1987, six new courses in Japanese were proposed so that Japanese could be offered as a language specialty in the program. Issues considered in defining business Japanese and in…

    Koike, Shohei

    147

    Sexual Role Identity Among Japanese and Japanese-American High School Students  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Japanese, Japanese-American, and Caucasian high school students were tested to investigate sex role identity. Japanese students were more feminine than either of the other two groups. Within the latter two, the Japanese-Americans were more feminine than the Caucasians on one measure, but not different on the other. (DM)

    Blane, Howard T.; Yamamoto, Kazuo

    1970-01-01

    148

    The booTable experience: iterative design and prototyping of an alternative interactive tabletop  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    This paper introduces booTable, an interactive coffee table prototype constructed by recycled paper aiming to build upon the paradigm of surface computing, but endeavoring to overcome a number of identified limitations of current design practice. In this respect, the paper first runs through the design requirements, decisions and rationale towards creating a first version of the prototype. Then, the outcomes

    Dimitris Grammenos; Yannis Georgalis; Nikolaos Kazepis; Giannis Drossis; Nikolaos Ftylitakis

    2010-01-01

    149

    Octree reinforced thin shell objects rapid prototyping by fused deposition modelling  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rapid prototyping has gained wide industrial acceptance in recent years. Its main advantage is that it improves the “time to market” and the design quality of a product. Most rapid prototyping processes have to build the solid volume layer by layer. The tracing of the cross-sectional area in each layer is the most time-consuming step. The process can be speeded

    T. W. Lam; K. M. Yu; K. M. Cheung; C. L. Li

    1998-01-01

    150

    ccsd00004270, Prototype scintillator cell for an In-based solar  

    E-print Network

    ccsd­00004270, version 1 ­ 16 Feb 2005 Prototype scintillator cell for an In-based solar neutrino carried out at MPIK to design, model, build and charac- terize a prototype cell #28;lled with a novel indium-loaded scintillator of interest for real-time low energy solar neutrino spectroscopy. First, light

    151

    The development of a prototype Zone-Plate-Array Lithography (ZPAL) system  

    E-print Network

    The research presented in this paper aims to build a Zone-Plate-Array Lithography (ZPAL) prototype tool that will demonstrate the high-resolution, parallel patterning capabilities of the architecture. The experiment will ...

    Patel, Amil Ashok, 1979-

    2004-01-01

    152

    The Japanese need travel vaccinations.  

    PubMed

    At a travel clinic in Kathmandu we reviewed the vaccination records from March 1997 to March 1998 for all travelers to developing countries like Nepal, for two important vaccines, namely, typhoid and hepatitis A. These travelers visited the clinic for various medical problems. One of the reasons for doing this study was that in previous years we saw a disproportionate number of Japanese travelers with hepatitis A, who had not taken the hepatitis A vaccine or immune gamma globulin for prevention of this illness. We hypothesized, therefore, that one of the reasons that Japanese patients visiting our clinic had higher rates of hepatitis A was because they were not vaccinated against this disease. There were 765 tourists for that time period out of which about 10% were Japanese. The rest were Americans, British, Israelis, Canadians, Australians, Danish and a small miscellaneous group from other countries. PMID:10689240

    Basnyat, B; Pokhrel, G; Cohen, Y

    2000-01-01

    153

    Japanese House Kazuko Suzuki, Faculty Director  

    E-print Network

    connections among language, art and culture at regional, national, and international scales. Share This Japanese culture and language residential learning program is designed for students eager to study Japanese culture and/or language in mutual teaching and learning activities. Its major goal is to explore Japanese

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    154

    Intercultural Communication Problems in Japanese Multinationals.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Many large Japanese-owned multinational corporations have established successful subsidiaries in the United States, but distinct ethnic and cultural differences have caused communication problems between Japanese managers and American laborers and business people. Many top executives of the Japanese subsidiaries are sent to the United States on a…

    Nishiyama, Kazuo

    155

    Developing Instructional Materials for Business Japanese.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Business Japanese should be the study of Japanese language and culture for business communication and should include values and beliefs and institutional constraints on which the Japanese act as well as business etiquette and terminology. Topics to be covered in instruction will vary depending on the role (seller, buyer, or colleague) played by…

    Koike, Shohei

    156

    Prototype solar power satellite options  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    The choice of options for the prototype solar power satellite is addressed relative to risk and cost. Emphasis is placed on the reduction of the risk of failure. Risk is the program cost multiplied by the reduction in probability of program success due to the risky action. Four classes of risk are identified. It is suggested that prototyping would reduce the technical risk as well as reduce the effects of the other three types of risk by allowing them to be quantified earlier. Prototype demonstration requirements addressed include electromagnetic power link feasibility demonstration, component integration verification, construction technology verification, and cost performance verification. Specific prototype requirements are listed and prototyping options are given in tabular form.

    Sperber, B. R.; Drexler, K. E.

    1980-01-01

    157

    Other Japanese Educations and Japanese Education Otherwise. Review Essay  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Education in the United States was in a state of "crisis" at the time of the 1983 release of "A Nation at Risk," the landmark report on the US education reform. This was the time when the rising Japanese economy started threatening the post-war US economic dominance and conservative figures such as Ronald Reagan gained popular support. Subsequent…

    Takayama, Keita

    2011-01-01

    158

    Epidemiological Studies of Hypertension Among Elderly Japanese and Japanese Americans  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A prospective international study of cardiovascular disease among Japanese men living in Japan, Hawaii and California in 1965 provided the opportunity of comparing the levels of blood pressure and hypertension among men aged 45 to 68 years, and of examining the factors which accounted for the differences. In addition, within the group of 8, 006 men from Hawaii, a subsample

    D Reed; K Yano

    1987-01-01

    159

    Virtual acoustic prototyping  

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    In this paper the re-creation of 3-D sound fields so the full psycho-acoustic impact of sound sources can be assessed before the manufacture of a product or environment is examined. Using head related transfer functions (HRTFs) coupled with a head tracked set of headphones the sound field at the left and right ears of a listener can be re-created for a set of sound sources. However, the HRTFs require that sources have a defined location and this is not the typical output from numerical codes which describe the sound field as a set of distributed modes. In this paper a method of creating a set of equivalent sources is described such that the standard set of HRTFs can be applied in real time. A structural-acoustic model of a cylinder driving an enclosed acoustic field will be used as an example. It will be shown that equivalent sources can be used to recreate all of the reverberation of the enclosed space. An efficient singular value decomposition technique allows the large number of sources required to be simulated in real time. An introduction to the requirements necessary for 3-D virtual prototyping using high frequency Statistical Energy Analysis models will be presented. [Work supported by AuSim and NASA.

    Johnson, Marty

    2003-10-01

    160

    Japanese couples' opinions.  

    PubMed

    The Japanese National Survey on Family Planning has been conducted since 1950 by the Mainichi Newspapers. The 21st survey, which included approximately 3400 persons, was conducted in 1992 in conjunction with various family planning organizations. The results reported include the ideal number of children, care for the elderly, tolerance for induced abortion, beliefs about the side effects of oral contraceptives, attitudes of husbands toward their wives working outside the home, sexual harassment, and elderly husband's concern about contracting AIDS. 45% of respondents supported Japan's involvement in FP efforts in developing countries, and 20.9% disapproved of involvement. Fertility declined from 1.54 in 1990 to 1.53 in 1991. There was an 5% increase to 75.3% in the number of women concerned about declining fertility for such reasons as the loss of social vitality and the increased burden of support in old age. However, 60.9% of wives and 56.8% of husbands felt that the government should not take action to prevent further fertility decline. Public policies for reducing the cost of education were supported by 39.6% of wives and 43.6% of husbands. A similar number supported increases in child allowance, and a smaller percentage of husbands and wives wanted the government to subsidize housing expenses. The ideal number of children was 3 for 45.7% of those surveyed, which was more than those desiring 2 children. The ideal of 3 children was held by survey participants who were more than 35 years old and by those with a high education. Part-time workers and office clerks were more likely to report that 2 children were ideal. An increasing number of respondents (60.4%) do not intend to rely on their children in old age. There has been a shift in family planning methods from induced abortions to increased contraceptive use. The highest rate of contraceptive use is among wives 35-39 years old. 75.3% use condoms. 67.7% reported concern about side effects from oral contraceptive use. 53.5% of husbands favored wives working, and 15.6% thought wives need to stay at home to care for the family. 28.5% of the husbands concerned about contracting AIDS were in their late 50s. Contracting AIDS was not a concern for 78.6% of the wives. 16.6% of the wives reported sexual harassment. PMID:12286480

    Ozaki, M

    1993-06-01

    161

    Small Thermophotovoltaic Prototype Systems  

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    In an earlier paper [1], we reported on a small grid-connected thermophotovoltaic (TPV) system consisting of an ytterbia mantle emitter and silicon solar cells with 16 % efficiency (under solar irradiance at Standard Test Conditions, STC). The emitter was heated up using a butane burner with a rated thermal power of 1.35 kW (referring to the lower heating value). This system produced an electrical output of 15 W, which corresponds to a thermal to electric (direct current) conversion efficiency of 1.1 %. In the interim, further progress has been made, and significantly higher efficiencies have been achieved. The most important development steps are: 1) The infrared radiation-absorbing water filter between emitter and silicon cells (to protect the cells against overheating and against contact with flue gasses) has been replaced by a suitable glass tube. By doing this, it has been possible to prevent losses of convertible radiation in water. 2) Cell cooling has been significantly improved, in order to reduce cell temperature, and therefore increase conversion efficiency. 3) The shape of the emitter has been changed from spherical to a quasi-cylindrical geometry, in order to obtain a more homogeneous irradiation of the cells. 4) The metallic burner tube, on which the ytterbia emitter was fixed in the initial prototypes, has been replaced by a heat-resistant metallic rod, carrying ceramic discs as emitter holders. This has prevented the oxidation and clogging of the perforated burner tube. 5) Larger reflectors have been used to reduce losses in useful infrared radiation. 6) Smaller cells have been used, to reduce electrical series resistance losses. Applying all these improvements to the basic 1.35 kW prototype, we attained a system efficiency of 1.5 %. By using preheated air for combustion (at approximately 370 °C), 1.8 % was achieved. In a subsequent step, a photocell generator was constructed, consisting of high-efficiency silicon cells (21% STC efficiency). In this generator, the spaces between the cells were minimized, in order to achieve as high an active cell area as possible, while simultaneously reducing radiation losses. This new system has produced an electrical output of 48 W, corresponding to a system efficiency of 2.4 %. This is the highest-ever-reported value in a silicon-cell-based TPV system using ytterbia mantle emitters. An efficiency of 2.8 % was achieved by using preheated air (at approximately 500 °C). An electronic control unit (fabricated of components with low power consumption, and including a battery store) was developed, in order to make the TPV system, described in [1] self-powered. This unit controls the magnetic gas supply valve between gas supply cylinder and burner as well as the high-voltage ignition electrodes. Both the control unit's own power consumption and the battery-charging power are supplied directly by the TPV generator. A small commercial inverter is used to transfer excess power to the 230 V grid.

    Durisch, Wilhelm; Bitnar, Bernd; von Roth, Fritz; Palfinger, Günther

    2003-01-01

    162

    Moral Development of Japanese Kindergartners.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Interviews were conducted with 28 kindergartners, their teachers, and their director to examine Japanese children's moral development. Qualitative analysis of interviews revealed three themes related to moral development: social system morality, emotions, and responsibility. Children made moral decisions based on social system morality…

    Taylor, Satomi Izumi; Ogawa, Tetsuya; Wilson, Jeanne

    2002-01-01

    163

    Roger Williams Park, Japanese Garden  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Built in 1935-1936 by the Works Progress Administration in the 430 acre park designed by Horace Cleveland in 1878. The park itself is laid out in the romantic landscape tradition of Frederick Law Olmsted (1822-1903) and complements the asymmetry of the Japanese garden with its japonaise bridge and waterscape.

    Chet Smolski

    2011-01-01

    164

    Japanese American Sightless Institute Project.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    In developing a project to increase the effectiveness of service delivery systems to ethnic minority groups, the cultural orientation and needs of the minority community must be addressed. Cultural and historical barriers to service delivery exist in the Japanese American community which result in under-utilization of services. To meet this…

    Chomor, Karen; And Others

    165

    Teaching Japanese-American Incarceration  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Few events in American history are so universally deplored as the incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II. The United States government has acknowledged the error and the injustice that resulted with an official Presidential apology and a Congressional disbursement of reparations to the victims of the incarceration policy. The…

    Miksch, Karen L.; Ghere, David

    2004-01-01

    166

    Foraging search: Prototypical intelligence  

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    We think because we eat. Or as Descartes might have said, on a little more reflection, "I need to eat, therefore I think." Animals that forage for a living repeatedly face the problem of searching for a sparsely distributed resource in a vast space. Furthermore, the resource may occur sporadically and episodically under conditions of true uncertainty (nonstationary, complex and non-linear dynamics). I assert that this problem is the canonical problem solved by intelligence. It's solution is the basis for the evolution of more advanced intelligence in which the space of search includes that of concepts (objects and relations) encoded in cortical structures. In humans the conscious experience of searching through concept space we call thinking. The foraging search model is based upon a higher-order autopoeitic system (the forager) employing anticipatory processing to enhance its success at finding food while avoiding becoming food or having accidents in a hostile world. I present a semi-formal description of the general foraging search problem and an approach to its solution. The latter is a brain-like structure employing dynamically adaptive neurons. A physical robot, MAVRIC, embodies some principles of foraging. It learns cues that lead to improvements in finding targets in a dynamic and nonstationary environment. This capability is based on a unique learning mechanism that encodes causal relations in the neural-like processing element. An argument is advanced that searching for resources in the physical world, as per the foraging model, is a prototype for generalized search for conceptual resources as when we think. A problem represents a conceptual disturbance in a homeostatic sense. The finding of a solution restores the homeostatic balance. The establishment of links between conceptual cues and solutions (resources) and the later use of those cues to think through to solutions of quasi-isomorphic problems is, essentially, foraging for ideas. It is a quite natural extension of the fundamental foraging model.

    Mobus, George

    2000-05-01

    167

    Japanese set to direct `sun-power' nuclear reactor in France September 16, 2005  

    E-print Network

    Japanese set to direct `sun-power' nuclear reactor in France September 16, 2005 Japan has been-year-old nuclear fusion laboratory. France has invested heavily in nuclear power generation, with 58 asked to nominate the chief of an international project to build a multi- billion-dollar nuclear fusion

    168

    Rapid prototyping of green composites  

    E-print Network

    Rapid prototyping employs digital fabrication techniques to quickly manufacture parts. However, the available materials are not yet suitable for making strong, large or durable objects. Composites are materials which are ...

    Peek, Nadya (Nadya Meile)

    2010-01-01

    169

    SIMULATION-BASED METHOD TO ASSESS BUILDING ENERGY CONSUMPTION LEVEL AT OPERATION STAGE  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Energy conservation at building's operation stage is very important for the national economy. Building up reasonable methods to assess building operational energy consumption is critical and necessary. Japanese researchers use CEC (Coefficient of Energy Consumption), which is the ratio of actual energy consumption to ideal energy consumption, to assess building system's operation level. In this paper, a concept of SCEC

    Xiaoru Zhou; Yingxin Zhu; Chunhai Xia; Haibo Chen

    170

    Fuelcell Prototype Locomotive  

    SciTech Connect

    An international industry-government consortium is developing a fuelcell hybrid switcher locomotive for commercial railway applications and power-to-grid generation applications. The current phase of this on-going project addresses the practicalities of on-board hydrogen storage, fuelcell technology, and hybridity, all with an emphasis on commercially available products. Through practical evaluation using designs from Vehicle Projects’ Fuelcell-Powered Underground Mine Loader Project, the configuration of the fuelcell switcher locomotive changed from using metal-hydride hydrogen storage and a pure fuelcell power plant to using compressed hydrogen storage, a fuelcell-battery hybrid power plant, and fuelcell stack modules from Ballard Power Systems that have been extensively used in the Citaro bus program in Europe. The new overall design will now use a RailPower battery hybrid Green Goat™ as the locomotive platform. Keeping the existing lead-acid batteries, we will replace the 205 kW diesel gen-set with 225 kW of net fuelcell power, remove the diesel fuel tank, and place 14 compressed hydrogen cylinders, capable of storing 70 kg of hydrogen at 350 bar, on the roof. A detailed design with associated CAD models will allow a complete build of the fuelcell-battery hybrid switcher locomotive in the next funded phase.

    David L. Barnes

    2007-09-28

    171

    Design and Construction of Prototype Dark Matter Detectors  

    SciTech Connect

    The Lepton Quark Studies (LQS) group is engaged in searching for dark matter using the Dark Matter Time Projection Chamber (DMTPC) at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) (Carlsbad, NM). DMTPC is a direction-sensitive dark matter detector designed to measure the recoil direction and energy deposited by fluorine nuclei recoiling from the interaction with incident WIMPs. In the past year, the major areas of progress have been: #15; to publish the #12;first dark matter search results from a surface run of the DMTPC prototype detector, #15; to build and install the 10L prototype in the underground laboratory at WIPP which will house the 1 m{sup 3} detector, and #15; to demonstrate charge and PMT readout of the TPC using prototype detectors, which allow triggering and #1;{Delta}z measurement to be used in the 1 m{sup 3} detector under development.

    Peter Fisher

    2012-03-23

    172

    [Japanese encephalitis in Southern Europe].  

    PubMed

    In 2012, a fragment of the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) genome was isolated from a pool of Culex pipiens mosquitoes caught in 2010 and 2011 in Northern Italy. JEV has a broad geographical distribution in South and Southeast Asia and Oceania, and is the most important cause of viral encephalitis in Asia in humans and also causes encephalitis in horses and fertility problems in pigs. However, recently isolated JEV genome fragments in mosquitoes in Italy could be an indication of repeated introduction of JEV, enzootic circulation of JEV or a related virus in Southern Europe. Until more information is available, Japanese encephalitis remains a travel-related infectious disease for travellers to JEV endemic and epidemic areas outside of Europe. PMID:25090898

    Cleton, Natalie; Koopmans, Marion; Braks, Marieta; Van Maanen, Kees; Reusken, Chantal

    2014-07-01

    173

    ANTARES: A Prototype Transient Broker System  

    E-print Network

    The Arizona-NOAO Temporal Analysis and Response to Events System (ANTARES) is a joint project of the National Optical Astronomy Observatory and the Department of Computer Science at the University of Arizona. The goal is to build the software infrastructure necessary to process and filter alerts produced by time-domain surveys, with the ultimate source of such alerts being the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST). The ANTARES broker will add value to alerts by annotating them with information from external sources such as previous surveys from across the electromagnetic spectrum. In addition, the temporal history of annotated alerts will provide further annotation for analysis. These alerts will go through a cascade of filters to select interesting candidates. For the prototype, `interesting' is defined as the rarest or most unusual alert, but future systems will accommodate multiple filtering goals. The system is designed to be flexible, allowing users to access the stream at multiple points throughout the...

    Saha, Abhijit; Snodgrass, Richard; Kececioglu, John; Narayan, Gautham; Seaman, Robert; Jenness, Tim; Axelrod, Tim

    2014-01-01

    174

    Rapid Prototyping Integrated With Nondestructive Evaluation and Finite Element Analysis  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Most reverse engineering approaches involve imaging or digitizing an object then creating a computerized reconstruction that can be integrated, in three dimensions, into a particular design environment. Rapid prototyping (RP) refers to the practical ability to build high-quality physical prototypes directly from computer aided design (CAD) files. Using rapid prototyping, full-scale models or patterns can be built using a variety of materials in a fraction of the time required by more traditional prototyping techniques (refs. 1 and 2). Many software packages have been developed and are being designed to tackle the reverse engineering and rapid prototyping issues just mentioned. For example, image processing and three-dimensional reconstruction visualization software such as Velocity2 (ref. 3) are being used to carry out the construction process of three-dimensional volume models and the subsequent generation of a stereolithography file that is suitable for CAD applications. Producing three-dimensional models of objects from computed tomography (CT) scans is becoming a valuable nondestructive evaluation methodology (ref. 4). Real components can be rendered and subjected to temperature and stress tests using structural engineering software codes. For this to be achieved, accurate high-resolution images have to be obtained via CT scans and then processed, converted into a traditional file format, and translated into finite element models. Prototyping a three-dimensional volume of a composite structure by reading in a series of two-dimensional images generated via CT and by using and integrating commercial software (e.g. Velocity2, MSC/PATRAN (ref. 5), and Hypermesh (ref. 6)) is being applied successfully at the NASA Glenn Research Center. The building process from structural modeling to the analysis level is outlined in reference 7. Subsequently, a stress analysis of a composite cooling panel under combined thermomechanical loading conditions was performed to validate this process.

    Abdul-Aziz, Ali; Baaklini, George Y.

    2001-01-01

    175

    Gardening at a Japanese Garden  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    The notion of gardening at a Japanese garden functions as a metaphor for our enactive geography. This chapter illustrates\\u000a the geographical turn in epistemology and ontology in which a non-substantive geographicity is developed. It captures metaphorically\\u000a our notion of a non-dualistic, ambiguous field of being, but in a way that deconstructs our residual ways of thinking, which\\u000a is apropos of

    John Murungi

    176

    Movement disorders in Japanese encephalitis  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Movement disorders in Japanese encephalitis (JE), although reported, have not been analyzed systematically. In this study,\\u000a we report an analysis of movement disorders in 14 out of 17 JE patients, correlated with the radiological findings. All patients\\u000a had at least a four fold rise of IgG antibodies against JE in a haemagglutination inhibition test. The patients’ ages ranged\\u000a between 2

    U. K. Misra; J. Kalita

    1997-01-01

    177

    How Japanese is Wii? The Reception and Localization of Japanese Video Games in America  

    E-print Network

    With control over both store shelves and consumers' consciousness, Japanese video games have dominated the U.S. and global game markets over the past two decades and continue to prosper today. This thesis positions Japanese video games' popularity...

    Huang, Xiangyi

    2009-06-12

    178

    A Conceptual Model of Cultural Predictors of Anxiety Among Japanese American and Part-Japanese American Adolescents  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A model integrating Japanese ethnicity, cultural identity, and anxiety was developed and assessed in Japanese American and part-Japanese American high school seniors (N = 141). Using measures from the Hawaiian High Schools Health Survey, the model incorporated the State–Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Major Life Events Scale, and the Japanese Culture Scale (JCS). Japanese American adolescents scored higher on the JCS

    John Kino Yamaguchi Williams; Deborah Goebert; Earl Hishinuma; Robin Miyamoto; Neal Anzai; Satoru Izutsu; Evelyn Yanagida; Stephanie Nishimura; Naleen Andrade; F. M. Baker

    2002-01-01

    179

    A Conceptual Model of Cultural Predictors of Anxiety among Japanese American and Part-Japanese American Adolescents.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Develops and assesses a model integrating Japanese ethnicity, cultural identity, and anxiety in Japanese American and part-Japanese American high school seniors. Japanese American adolescents scored higher on the scale and reported fewer anxiety symptoms than part-Japanese American adolescents. The model had a good overall fit, suggesting that…

    Williams, John Kino Yamaguchi; Goebert, Deborah; Hishinuma, Earl; Miyamoto, Robin; Anzai, Neal; Izutsu, Satoru; Yanagida, Evelyn; Nishimura, Stephanie; Andrade, Naleen; Baker, F. M.

    2002-01-01

    180

    Recent development of Japanese economy and its impact on Japanese society  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    The Japanese economy, which had suffered from a severe recession or almost zeros growth for over a decade, Japanese economy is now on track of its recovery. We will firstly examine factors behind the recovery, and secondly analyse its influences on Japanese society.

    Hiromasa Kubo

    2007-01-01

    181

    Japanese Sugar Cane as a Forage Crop.  

    E-print Network

    AND OTHER'_CROPS. WATER-FREE BASIS. Crop. Crude I N.-Free 1 Protein Fat ( Fiber , Extsyt Ash per cent per rent per cent per cent per cent Green Japanese Sugar Canc. No. 9174. . . . . Green Japanese Sugar Cane fro111 Angleton. No. 9522... AND OTHER'_CROPS. WATER-FREE BASIS. Crop. Crude I N.-Free 1 Protein Fat ( Fiber , Extsyt Ash per cent per rent per cent per cent per cent Green Japanese Sugar Canc. No. 9174. . . . . Green Japanese Sugar Cane fro111 Angleton. No. 9522...

    Leidigh, A. H. (Arthur Henry); McNess, George Thomas; Laude, H. H. (Hilmer Henry)

    1916-01-01

    182

    Preliminary report: rapid prototyping models for Dysplastic hip surgery  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rapid prototyping (RP) is a technology used to produce physical models. The RP application is applied in the medical field\\u000a to build anatomy models from high resolution multiplanar data such as Computed tomography (CT). CT of a female patient diagnosed\\u000a with hip dysplasia was obtained prior to surgery. Specific software was used to prepare the physical model of the patient

    R. Dhakshyani; Y. Nukman; N. A. Abu Osman; C. Vijay

    2011-01-01

    183

    Wheel Prototypes for the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV)  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Under the direction of Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) was designed to allow Apollo astronauts a greater range of mobility during lunar exploration missions. During the development process, LRV prototype wheels underwent soil tests in building 4481 at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Pictured from left to right are the wheels for: LRV, Bendix Corporation, Local Scientific Survey Module (LSSM), and Grumman Industries.

    1970-01-01

    184

    Virtual Prototyping for Carbon Nanotubes and Their Compositions  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Carbon nanotubes (CNT) are of interest as constituents-reinforcements for composites, probes for scanning microscopy, quantum wires for electronics, and building blocks for nanomachinery. Their small size makes direct experimental measurements difficult. Therefore, the critical answers about their properties should be obtained based on adequate modeling, virtual prototyping, using the methods of classical molecular dynamic (MD), in combination with the analytical methods and continuum mechanics.

    Yakobson, Boris I.

    1999-01-01

    185

    Thorough Study of a Proposal to Improve the Thermal Behaviour of a Bioclimatic Building  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    The purpose of the ARFRISOL project is to reduce conventional energy consumption of office buildings by up to 80%. The construction of five Research and Demonstration Building Prototypes (RDBP) in different Spanish climatic zones is part of the project. One of these prototype buildings is to be built at the Plataforma Solar of Almeria (PSA), located in the Tabernas Desert.

    Heras J

    186

    Beaudouin-Lafon & Mackay Draft 1 -1 Prototype Development and Tools Prototyping Tools and Techniques  

    E-print Network

    design ideas. The next three sections describe specific prototyping approaches: Rapid prototyping, bothBeaudouin-Lafon & Mackay Draft 1 - 1 Prototype Development and Tools Chapter 52 Prototyping Tools, such as architecture or automobile design, prototypes both inform the design process and help designers select the best

    187

    University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

    E-print Network

    Pharmacy S Planning, Architecture and Civil Engineering T Politics, International Studies and Philosophy V Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology (CCRCB) 20 Chrono 13 Counselling Service 9 Crèches 10 David Bates Building 29 David Keir Building 1n Development and Alumni Relations 13 Disability Services 8 Drama

    Paxton, Anthony T.

    188

    Building an Intelligent Water Information System - American River Prototype  

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    With better management, California's existing water supplies could go further to meeting the needs of the state's urban and agricultural uses. For example, California's water reservoirs are currently controlled and regulated using forecasts based upon more than 75 years of historical data. In the face of global climate change, these forecasts are becoming increasingly inadequate to precisely manage water resources. We propose implementing Leveraging the newest frontiers of information technology, we are developing a basin-scale real-time intelligent water infrastructure system that enables more information-intensive decision support. The complete system is made up of four key components. First, a strategically deployed ground-observation system will complement satellite measurements and provide continuous and accurate estimates of snowpack, soil moisture, vegetation state and energy balance across watersheds. Using our recently developed but mature technologies, we deliver measurements of hydrologic variables over a multi- tiered network of wireless sensor arrays, with a granularity of time and space previously unheard of. Second, satellite and aircraft remote sensing provide the only practical means of spatially continuous basin-wide measurement and monitoring of snow properties, vegetation characteristics and other watershed conditions. The ground-based system is designed to blend with remote sensing data on Sierra Nevada snow properties, and provide value-added products of unprecedented spatial detail and accuracy that are useable on a watershed level. Third, together the satellite and ground-based data make possible the updating of forecast tools, and routine use of physically based hydrologic models. The decision-support framework will provide tools to extract and visualize information of interest from the measured and modeled data, to assess uncertainties, and to optimize operations. Fourth, the advanced cyber infrastructure blends and transforms the numbers recorded by sensors into information in the form that is useful for decision-making. In a sense it 'monetizes' the data. It is the cyber infrastructure that links measurements, data processing, models and users. System software must provide flexibility for multiple types of access from user queries to automated and direct links with analysis tools and decision-support systems. We are currently installing a basin-scale ground-based sensor network focusing on measurements of snowpack, solar radiation, temperature, rH and soil moisture across the American River basin. Although this is a research network, it also provides core elements of a full ground-based operational system.

    Glaser, S. D.; Bales, R. C.; Conklin, M. H.

    2013-12-01

    189

    Building a Reliable Onboard Network with Ethernet: A GSFC Prototype  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    This viewgraph presentation discusses the architecture of an Ethernet-based communication network for spacecraft. The presentation also contains information on data link reliability, PDU formats, and NIC/OS Measurements.

    Marquart, Jane

    2004-01-01

    190

    Acculturation of Personality: A Three-Culture Study of Japanese, Japanese Americans, and European Americans  

    PubMed Central

    The present study tests the hypothesis that involvement with a new culture instigates changes in personality of immigrants that result in (a) better fit with the norms of the culture of destination and (b) reduced fit with the norms of the culture of origin. Participants were 40 Japanese first-generation immigrants to the United States, 57 Japanese monoculturals, and 60 U.S. monoculturals. All participants completed the Jackson Personality Inventory (JPI) as a measure of the Big Five; immigrants completed the Japanese American Acculturation Scale. Immigrants’ fits with the cultures of destination and origin were calculated by correlating Japanese American mothers’ patterns of ratings on the Big Five with the average patterns of ratings of European Americans and Japanese on the same personality dimensions. Japanese Americans became more “American” and less “Japanese” in their personality as they reported higher participation in the U.S. culture. The results support the view that personality can be subject to cultural influence. PMID:23935211

    Gungor, Derya; Bornstein, Marc H.; De Leersnyder, Jozefien; Cote, Linda; Ceulemans, Eva; Mesquita, Batja

    2013-01-01

    191

    A Confirmatory Model for Substance Use Among Japanese American and Part-Japanese American Adolescents  

    PubMed Central

    Few studies have examined the effect of ethnicity and cultural identity on substance use among Asian and Pacific Islander adolescents. A cross-sequential study conducted in Hawai'i with 144 Japanese American and part-Japanese American adolescents assessed a model integrating Japanese ethnicity, cultural identity, substance use, major life events, and social support. Japanese American adolescents scored higher on the Japanese Culture Scale and on the Peers’ Social Support than the part-Japanese American adolescents. Significant associations for substance use and impairment included culturally intensified events and Japanese cultural identity- behavior subset. Models had good overall fits and suggested that conflict surrounding cultural identity may contribute to substance use. PMID:23480213

    Williams, John Kino Yamaguchi; Else, 'Iwalani R. N.; Goebert, Deborah A.; Nishimura, Stephanie T.; Hishinuma, Earl S.; Andrade, Naleen N.

    2013-01-01

    192

    IAMC Framework Architecture and Prototyping  

    E-print Network

    · Architecture overview · Dragonfly ­ an IAMC client prototype · MCP ­ mathematical computation protocol · Math engines to IAMC servers. ISSAC2001-5 #12;I C M ' & $ Dragonfly Functionalities · Connect2001-7 #12;I C M ' & $ Dragonfly Implementation · Written in Java · Swing to implement the GUI

    193

    Corrective Feedback by Experienced Japanese EFL Teachers.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    This study investigated English-as-a-Foreign-Language (EFL) teachers' patterns of verbal behavior concerning student errors, the relationship between error type and teacher treatment, and the effect of error treatment on subsequent student outcome. Subjects were students in seven EFL classes in Japanese high schools, taught by native Japanese

    Kubota, Mikio

    1991-01-01

    194

    Congestion Ahead: Japanese Automakers in Southeast Asia  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    For three decades Japanese auto producers, supported by the Japanese government, deployed with extraordinary success market and nonmarket strategies to access the small and fragmented but rapidly growing car markets of Southeast Asia. The last half-decade has presented a series of unexpected challenges, including extended recession and financial reform in Japan; the lingering effects of the financial crisis in Southeast

    Gregory W. Noble

    2001-01-01

    195

    Japanese Teens as Producers of Street Fashion  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    This study is a macro-sociological analysis of the social organization of Japanese street fashion and a micro-interactionist analysis of teen consumers who form various subcultures. These subcultures directly and indirectly dictate fashion trends. The present study shows the interdependence in the production process of fashion between institutions within the industries and the Japanese teens. Street fashion in the fashionable districts

    Yuniya Kawamura

    2006-01-01

    196

    A Brief History of Modern Japanese Theatre  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    West, the Japanese theatre underwent a series of transformations. The cultural, economic, and political changes in the nation fundamentally altered the traditional theatres of nö, kyögen, kabuki, and bunraku and challenged Japanese conceptions of the theatre. As J. Thomas Rimer argues, two conflicting ideas of how to modernize the theatre evolved in the face of the modernization of the rest

    Kevin J. Wetmore Jr

    2006-01-01

    197

    International Activity of Japanese Department Stores  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Japanese retailers have embarked on a number of overseas developments. Department store operators have instituted wide networks of representative oflces in locations chosen primarily as sources of luxury goods. Additionally, they have developed overseas branches to service Japanese tourists and, increasingly, local populations, particularly in the Far East. The location and nature of these operations are identified. Consideration is given

    Barry J. Davies; Peter Jones

    1993-01-01

    198

    The Services Content of Japanese Trade  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    This paper investigates the share of direct and indirect services trade in Japanese trade between 1985 and 1995, using data from Japanese input-output tables. The empirical analysis reveals that the share of R&D services in total services trade has been much higher throughout the period than the share of other services. The contribution of school education services gradually increased from

    Kozo Kiyota

    2001-01-01

    199

    The International Activities of Japanese Retailers  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Despite the upsurge of academic and commercial interest in the changes taking place in the retail sector within Japan, little has been published on the international activities of Japanese retailers. This paper illustrates the range and scale of activities.which have been undertaken by such companies. While Europe and America were favourite destinations up until the mid-1980s, most Japanese retailers have

    Keri Davies; Fergus Fergusson

    1995-01-01

    200

    Japanese Children's Understanding of Notational Systems  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    This study examined Japanese children's understanding of two Japanese notational systems: "hiragana" and "kanji". In three experiments, 126 3- to 6-year-olds were asked to name words written in hiragana or kanji as they appeared with different pictures. Consistent with Bialystok ("Journal of Experimental Child Psychology," 2000, Vol. 76, pp.…

    Takahashi, Noboru

    2012-01-01

    201

    Inside a Japanese Transplant: A Critical Perspective.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    A hidden participant/observer working in a Japanese auto plant in the United States discovered worker resistance to Japanese management practices in the form of sabotage, protest, agitation, and confrontation. Results questioned assumptions that participatory techniques increase worker control and decentralized authority increases worker autonomy.…

    Graham, Laurie

    1993-01-01

    202

    BASIC JAPANESE FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS. REVISED EDITION.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    THE 24 LESSONS IN THIS TEXT ARE DESIGNED FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS BEGINNING JAPANESE LANGUAGE STUDY. THE SELECTION OF VOCABULARY AND THE PRESENTATION OF GRAMMAR ARE DIRECTED TO THE GOAL OF ACQUIRING FACILITY IN SPEAKING RATHER THAN WRITING. FOR A READING TEXT RECOMMENDED FOR USE WITH THIS SPOKEN LANGUAGE TEXT, SEE HIBBETT AND ITSAKA "MODERN JAPANESE,…

    NIWA, TAMAKO; MATSUDA, MAYAKO

    203

    Examining posttraumatic growth among Japanese university students  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    To determine the underlying factor structure of the Japanese version of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI-J), a principal components analysis was performed on data from 312 Japanese undergraduate students who reported growth due to their most traumatic event within the last 5 years. Results showed the PTGI-J has high internal consistency and, of the original five factors reported by Tedeschi

    Kanako Taku; Lawrence G. Calhoun; Richard G. Tedeschi; Virginia Gil-Rivas; Ryan P. Kilmer; Arnie Cann

    2007-01-01

    204

    Adjectives and the Copulas in Japanese.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Analyzes two seemingly different types of adjectives in Japanese and claims they share fundamentally similar phrase structures. Discusses the hypothesis that there is a phrase for predication. Japanese adjectives show morphological corroboration for this phrase, which is referred to as the predicative copula. (Author/VWL)

    Nishiyama, Kunio

    1999-01-01

    205

    Visual Perception in Japanese Rock Garden Design  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    We present an investigation into the relation between design principles in Japanese gardens, and their associated perceptual effects. This leads to the realization that a set of design principles described in a Japanese gardening text by Shingen (1466), shows many parallels to the visual effects of perceptual grouping, studied by the Gestalt school of psychology. Guidelines for composition of rock

    Gert J. Tonder; Michael Lyons

    2005-01-01

    206

    X linked ocular albinism in Japanese patients  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thirteen affected Japanese male patients and 13 female carriers with X linked ocular albinism from seven families were examined to assess their clinical findings and to compare them with those of white and black patients. Affected Japanese patients had poor visual acuity, horizontal nystagmus, macular hypoplasia, and loss of stereopsis. Some affected patients had non-albinotic fundus with moderate pigmentation. The

    T Shiono; M Tsunoda; Y Chida; M Nakazawa; M Tamai

    1995-01-01

    207

    Teaching Status Differences in Japanese Business Settings.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    This paper examines cultural differences between Japan and the United States and presents materials designed to help learners of Japanese understand patterns of behavior in that country through realistic episodes and situations. Understanding status differences is important for effective social and business communication with the Japanese. Status…

    Koike, Shohei

    208

    Argumentative Strategies in American and Japanese English.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    A study examined differences in argumentative strategies in Japanese and American English by analyzing English essays on capital punishment written by 22 American high school seniors and 30 Japanese college sophomores. Differences were found in the organizational patterns, content and use of rational appeals, preference for type of diction, and…

    Kamimura, Taeko; Oi, Kyoko

    1998-01-01

    209

    Japanese Signs as a Learning Resource?  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    The abundance of signs and similar print in the urban environment of Japan can provide authentic materials to support the learning of written Japanese. While there have been some past attempts to use pictures of signs for the teaching of Japanese reading, digital photography now makes it easy to develop electronic resources for a more systematic approach to exploiting these

    Paul Black; Masumi Nakahara

    210

    Interpersonal Mistrust and Unhappiness among Japanese People  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Our main objective in this paper is to evaluate the possible association between interpersonal mistrust and unhappiness among Japanese people. Based on cross-sectional data for the Japanese general population from the Asia Barometer Survey (2003-2006), we analyzed the relationship between interpersonal mistrust and unhappiness using a logistic…

    Tokuda, Yasuharu; Inoguchi, Takashi

    2008-01-01

    211

    Exploring Japanese olive oil consumer behavior  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    During the last two decades, olive oil consumption in Japan is showing an increasing trend due to dietary and health concerns. Traditional olive oil producer and exporter countries such as Italy, Spain and Tunisia have interest to reinforce and to increase their penetration in the Japanese market. This study examines Japanese olive oil consumer behaviour by the use of the

    Nadhem Mtimet; Kenichi Kashiwagi; Lokman Zaibet; N. Masakazu

    2008-01-01

    212

    Japanese encephalitis virus in meningitis patients, Japan.  

    PubMed

    Cerebrospinal fluid specimens from 57 patients diagnosed with meningitis were tested for Japanese encephalitis virus. Total RNA was extracted from the specimens and amplified. Two products had highest homology with Nakayama strain and 2 with Ishikawa strain. Results suggest that Japanese encephalitis virus causes some aseptic meningitis in Japan. PMID:15757569

    Kuwayama, Masaru; Ito, Mikako; Takao, Shinichi; Shimazu, Yukie; Fukuda, Shinji; Miyazaki, Kazuo; Kurane, Ichiro; Takasaki, Tomohiko

    2005-03-01

    213

    The Japanese American Cases—A Disaster  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Our war-time treatment of Japanese aliens and citizens of Japanese descent on the West Coast has been hasty, unnecessary and mistaken. The course of action which we undertook was in no way required or justified by the circumstances of the war. It was calculated to produce both individual injustice and deep-seated social maladjustments of a cumulative and sinister kind. All

    Eugene V. Rostow

    1945-01-01

    214

    Literature Review of Japanese Contrastive Rhetoric  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    This literature review serves to inform the reader on current literature on Contrastive Rhetoric (CR), with specific reference to teaching writing to Japanese students of English. It will examine the historical developments of CR and its present significance before then looking at possible reasons for unique characteristics of Japanese L2 writers…

    Cumming, Brett

    2012-01-01

    215

    Business Japanese, a HyperCard Simulation.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    This paper describes Business Japanese (BJ), a HyperCard based tutorial designed as courseware for use in a third-year Japanese course at the University of Texas, Austin (UTA). A major objective was to develop good courseware based on proven language learning theory that would integrate theory, practice, and technology. BJ stresses a realistic and…

    Saito-Abbott, Yoshiko; Abbott, Thomas

    216

    Business Letter Writing: English, French, and Japanese.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Examination of business letters in English, French, and Japanese, focusing on prescriptive accounts in the respective languages, found that, despite amazingly similar surface characteristics, American business letters were reader-oriented, French business letters were writer-oriented, and Japanese business letters were oriented to the space…

    Jenkins, Susan; Hinds, John

    1987-01-01

    217

    Japanese and American Education: Attitudes and Practices.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Continuing concern regarding the quality and future of education in both America and Japan prompts many comparisons of their nation's educational systems. Chapter 1, "Japanese Schools' Higher Achievement, Literacy, Efficiency, Discipline, Classroom Management, and Strengths of Civilization," attempts to explain the superior performance of Japanese

    Wray, Harry

    218

    The BBN Byblos Japanese OCR System  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    The BBN Byblos OCR system implements a script-independent methodology for OCR using hidden Markov models (HMMs). We have successfully ported the system to Arabic, Pashto, English, and Chinese. We discuss our effort in configuring the system to perform recognition of noisy machine printed Japanese documents. The data for our experimentation was taken from the University of Washington (UW-II) Japanese OCR

    Ehry Macrostie; Premkumar Natarajan; Michael Decerbo; Rohit Prasad

    2004-01-01

    219

    AMS radiocarbon dating of ancient Japanese sutras  

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Radiocarbon ages of ancient Japanese sutras whose historical ages were known paleographically were measured by means of accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). Calibrated radiocarbon ages of five samples were consistent with the corresponding historical ages; the "old wood effect" is negligible for ancient Japanese sutras. Japanese paper has been made from fresh branches grown within a few years and the interval from trimming off the branches to writing sutra on the paper is within one year. The good agreement between the calibrated radiocarbon ages and the historical ages is supported by such characteristics of Japanese paper. It is indicated in this study that Japanese sutra is a suitable sample for radiocarbon dating in the historic period because of little gap by "old wood effect".

    Oda, Hirotaka; Yoshizawa, Yasukazu; Nakamura, Toshio; Fujita, Keiko

    2000-10-01

    220

    A failure management prototype: DR/Rx  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    This failure management prototype performs failure diagnosis and recovery management of hierarchical, distributed systems. The prototype, which evolved from a series of previous prototypes following a spiral model for development, focuses on two functions: (1) the diagnostic reasoner (DR) performs integrated failure diagnosis in distributed systems; and (2) the recovery expert (Rx) develops plans to recover from the failure. Issues related to expert system prototype design and the previous history of this prototype are discussed. The architecture of the current prototype is described in terms of the knowledge representation and functionality of its components.

    Hammen, David G.; Baker, Carolyn G.; Kelly, Christine M.; Marsh, Christopher A.

    1991-01-01

    221

    GALS systems prototyping using multiclock FPGAs and asynchronous network-on-chips  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    This paper presents an innovating methodology for network-centric Globally- Asynchronous Locally-Synchronous (GALS) system prototyping. High-performance multi- clock FPGAs are exploited for easy and fast prototyping of GALS systems based of an Asynchronous Network-on-Chip (ANoC) interfacing synchronous standard IP cores. Modularity property of asynchronous circuits is fully exploited to design regular distributed interconnect topologies by the means of basic topology-free building

    Jerome Quartana; Salim Renane; Arnaud Baixas; Laurent Fesquet; Marc Renaudin

    2005-01-01

    222

    CULTURAL AWARENESS AND NEGOTIATION SKILLS TRAINING: EVALUATION OF A PROTOTYPE SEMI-IMMERSIVE SYSTEM  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    The effectiveness of BiLAT, a game-based prototype for training negotiation skills in an Iraqi cultural setting, was assessed. The prototype aims to train deliberate preparation behaviors, trust- and relationship-building strategies, and familiarity with relevant cultural expectations and norms. Training is supported by automated coaching (during simulated negotiation meetings) and interactive post-meeting recaps. Effectiveness was measured via scores on an independent

    Paula J. Durlach; Timothy G. Wansbury; Jeffery G. Wilkinson

    223

    Integration and evaluation of a simulator designed to be used within a dynamic prototyping environment  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    The human computer interface (HCI) prototyping environment is designed to allow developers to rapidly prototype systems so that the interface and functionality of a system can be evaluated and iteratively refined early in the development process. This keeps development costs down by modifying the interface during the requirements definition phase, thus minimizing changes that need to be made during and after flight code development. Problems occur within a system when the user interface is not adequately developed and when designers and developers have an incomplete understanding of the system requirements. A process has been developed for prototyping on-board payload displays for Space Station Freedom. This prototyping process consists of five phases: identification of known requirements, analysis of the requirements, development of a formal design representation and specification, development of the prototype, and evaluation of the prototype. The actual development of the prototype involves prototyping the displays, developing a low fidelity simulator, building of an interface (or communication) between the displays and the simulator, integration of these components, and testing to ensure that the interface does what the developer expects. This research integrates and evaluates a software tool which has been developed to serve as a simulator within the prototyping environment. The tool is being evaluated to determine whether or not it meets the basic requirements which are needed for a low fidelity simulator within this environment. In order to evaluate the architecture and its components, a human computer interface for and a simulator of an automobile have been developed as a prototype. The individual components (i.e., the interface and simulator) have been developed, and the current research was designed to integrate and test the complete working system within the prototyping environment. The following sections will describe the architecture and components of the rapid prototyping environment, the development of a system to assess the environment, and the integration and evaluation of PERCNET.

    Moore, Loretta A.

    1993-01-01

    224

    A Retrofit Tool for Improving Energy Efficiency of Commercial Buildings  

    SciTech Connect

    Existing buildings will dominate energy use in commercial buildings in the United States for three decades or longer and even in China for the about two decades. Retrofitting these buildings to improve energy efficiency and reduce energy use is thus critical to achieving the target of reducing energy use in the buildings sector. However there are few evaluation tools that can quickly identify and evaluate energy savings and cost effectiveness of energy conservation measures (ECMs) for retrofits, especially for buildings in China. This paper discusses methods used to develop such a tool and demonstrates an application of the tool for a retrofit analysis. The tool builds on a building performance database with pre-calculated energy consumption of ECMs for selected commercial prototype buildings using the EnergyPlus program. The tool allows users to evaluate individual ECMs or a package of ECMs. It covers building envelope, lighting and daylighting, HVAC, plug loads, service hot water, and renewable energy. The prototype building can be customized to represent an actual building with some limitations. Energy consumption from utility bills can be entered into the tool to compare and calibrate the energy use of the prototype building. The tool currently can evaluate energy savings and payback of ECMs for shopping malls in China. We have used the tool to assess energy and cost savings for retrofit of the prototype shopping mall in Shanghai. Future work on the tool will simplify its use and expand it to cover other commercial building types and other countries.

    Levine, Mark; Feng, Wei; Ke, Jing; Hong, Tianzhen; Zhou, Nan

    2013-06-06

    225

    Science Nation: Japanese Quake Test  

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Colorado State University engineer John van de Lindt leads a team that's developing new ways to build mid-rise, wood-frame buildings that can stand up to earthquakes. In many earthquake-prone areas of the U.S., wood-frame buildings taller than three stories are uncommon--and building codes generally limit such construction to just four stories. Van de Lindt hopes validation of the new design techniques could safely push those building codes to six stories, or even taller. To test their new design, the team turned to E-Defense, a remote shake table facility in Miki City, Japan. The event was the grand finale in a series of shake tests on wood structures funded by the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES).

    226

    Customer-experienced rapid prototyping  

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    In order to describe accurately and comprehend quickly the perfect GIS requirements, this article will integrate the ideas of QFD (Quality Function Deployment) and UML (Unified Modeling Language), and analyze the deficiency of prototype development model, and will propose the idea of the Customer-Experienced Rapid Prototyping (CE-RP) and describe in detail the process and framework of the CE-RP, from the angle of the characteristics of Modern-GIS. The CE-RP is mainly composed of Customer Tool-Sets (CTS), Developer Tool-Sets (DTS) and Barrier-Free Semantic Interpreter (BF-SI) and performed by two roles of customer and developer. The main purpose of the CE-RP is to produce the unified and authorized requirements data models between customer and software developer.

    Zhang, Lijuan; Zhang, Fu; Li, Anbo

    2008-12-01

    227

    Eating Attitudes among Japanese and American Elementary Schoolgirls  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    This study examined familial and peer correlates of eating attitudes in American and Japanese preadolescent girls. Using the Japanese translation of the Children's Eating Attitudes Test and the Demographic and Dieting Questionnaire, Japanese girls were compared to American girls. Correlates of eating attitudes shared by American and Japanese girls were self-perception of being overweight, the number of friends on a

    Takayo Mukai; Laura A. Mccloskey

    1996-01-01

    228

    Japanese Marketing Strategies in the UK: A Comparative Study  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hypotheses about Japanese marketing are examined using a matched sample of British companies and their major Japanese competitors. Japanese subsidiaries in Britain are shown to be much more market-oriented, more single-minded in their pursuit of market share and more alert to strategic opportunities than their British counterparts. Organizationally, however, their subsidiaries are more like successful British companies than the Japanese

    P. Doyle; J. Saunders; V. Wong

    1986-01-01

    229

    Master of Engineering in Technical Japanese Department of Engineering  

    E-print Network

    Technical Japanese: The Time Is Now American corporations are rapidly increasing their level of technical that emphasize literature or conversation. You will learn to read (with the aid of a dictionary) Japanese for Business and Industry Japanese for Politics and Government Advanced Technical Japanese Seminar Research

    Van Veen, Barry D.

    230

    Rapid prototyping gains speed, volume and precision  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Identifies trends in the rapid prototyping market worldwide, reports on new rapid prototyping techniques, reviews the latest developments in 3D printers, highlights new metal spraying and direct metal deposition processes.

    Anna Kochan

    2000-01-01

    231

    A Prototype Chemical Substances Information Network.  

    National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

    A concept for a prototype Chemical Substances Information Network (CSIN) is presented in this report, which covers usage, alternative system architectures, recommended capabilities, and system design. The proposed prototype will deliver significant utilit...

    1979-01-01

    232

    Iteration and Prototyping in Creating Technical Specifications.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Claims that the development process for computer software can be greatly aided by the writers of specifications if they employ basic iteration and prototyping techniques. Asserts that computer software configuration management practices provide ready models for iteration and prototyping. (HB)

    Flynt, John P.

    1994-01-01

    233

    Leadership prototypes: a Russian perspective  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Purpose – The aim of this research is to study leadership prototypes of Russian employees, which are dependent on their gender, organizational position and age. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – As a research method a cross-sectional survey was employed where 223 employees of Russian middle-sized company were interviewed. Instruments included a questionnaire containing 21 leadership dimensions adopted from the global leadership and organisational

    Alla Elkaterina Omeltchenka; Andrew Armitage

    2006-01-01

    234

    Majorana Thermosyphon Prototype Experimental Results  

    SciTech Connect

    Objective The Majorana demonstrator will operate at liquid Nitrogen temperatures to ensure optimal spectrometric performance of its High Purity Germanium (HPGe) detector modules. In order to transfer the heat load of the detector module, the Majorana demonstrator requires a cooling system that will maintain a stable liquid nitrogen temperature. This cooling system is required to transport the heat from the detector chamber outside the shield. One approach is to use the two phase liquid-gas equilibrium to ensure constant temperature. This cooling technique is used in a thermosyphon. The thermosyphon can be designed so the vaporization/condensing process transfers heat through the shield while maintaining a stable operating temperature. A prototype of such system has been built at PNNL. This document presents the experimental results of the prototype and evaluates the heat transfer performance of the system. The cool down time, temperature gradient in the thermosyphon, and heat transfer analysis are studied in this document with different heat load applied to the prototype.

    Fast, James E.; Reid, Douglas J.; Aguayo Navarrete, Estanislao

    2010-12-17

    235

    An approach for assessing software prototypes  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    A procedure for evaluating a software prototype is presented. The need to assess the prototype itself arises from the use of prototyping to demonstrate the feasibility of a design or development stategy. The assessment procedure can also be of use in deciding whether to evolve a prototype into a complete system. The procedure consists of identifying evaluations criteria, defining alterative design approaches, and ranking the alternatives according to the criteria.

    Church, V. E.; Card, D. N.; Agresti, W. W.; Jordan, Q. L.

    1986-01-01

    236

    Rapid Prototyping in the Instructional Design Process.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Discusses instructional design models and examines rapid prototyping, a model that combines computer design strategies, constructivist learning theory, and cognitive psychology. Highlights include limitations of linear models; instructional problems appropriate and those not appropriate for rapid prototyping; and rapid prototyping as a paradigm…

    Nixon, Elizabeth Krick; Lee, Doris

    2001-01-01

    237

    Rapid prototyping of functional microfabricated devices by  

    E-print Network

    Rapid prototyping of functional microfabricated devices by soft lithography D B WOLFE and G M of functional devices: #12;" f Rapid prototyping of functional microfabricated devices 77 . -2 1. They are rapid i cost facilitates the rapid prototyping of microdevices by soft lithography. ? The pattern

    Prentiss, Mara

    238

    Rapid Prototyping: An Alternative Instructional Design Strategy.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Discusses the nature of instructional design and describes rapid prototyping as a feasible model for instructional system design (ISD). The use of prototyping in software engineering is described, similarities between software design and instructional design are discussed, and an example is given which uses rapid prototyping in designing a…

    Tripp, Steven D.; Bichelmeyer, Barbara

    1990-01-01

    239

    Rapid prototyping: An alternative instructional design strategy  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    There is a design methodology calledrapid prototyping which has been used successfully in software engineering. Given the similarities between software design and instructional design, we argue that rapid prototyping is a viable model for instructional design, especially for computer-based instruction. Additionally, we argue that recent theories of design offer plausible explanations for the apparent success of rapid prototyping in software

    Steven D. Tripp; Barbara Bichelmeyer

    1990-01-01

    240

    Intelligent operator guidance systems beyond the prototype  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    The authors present the method used to enable a certain class of expert system, the intelligent operator guidance system, to progress from prototype to production system. They discuss the prototype system, prototype review, data-driven system development, the SHERPA (system for heuristic real-time process assistance), and knowledge-base maintenance

    Alan R MCNAMARA; L. G. Lock Lee; K. C. Teh; H. M. Lie

    1989-01-01

    241

    Rapid Prototyping in Instructional Design: Creating Competencies  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Instructional designers working in rapid prototyping environments currently do not have a list of competencies that help to identify the knowledge, skills, and attitudes (KSAs) required in these workplaces. This qualitative case study used multiple cases in an attempt to identify rapid prototyping competencies required in a rapid prototyping

    Fulton, Carolyn D.

    2010-01-01

    242

    Arduino: An Open Electronics Prototyping Platform  

    E-print Network

    Arduino: An Open Electronics Prototyping Platform Abstract Arduino is a platform for prototyping and library for writing code to control the board. Arduino comes from a philosophy of learning by doing the Arduino prototyping platform. This paper discusses related work, the educational and design context within

    Herr, Hugh

    243

    Japanese plan for SSF utilization  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    The Japanese Experiment Module (JEM) program has made significant progress. The JEM preliminary design review was completed in July 1992; construction of JEM operation facilities has begun; and the micro-G airplane, drop shaft, and micro-G experiment rocket are all operational. The national policy for JEM utilization was also established. The Space Experiment Laboratory (SEL) opened in June '92 and will function as a user support center. Eight JEM multiuser facilities are in phase B, and scientific requirements are being defined for 17 candidate multiuser facilities. The National Joint Research Program is about to start. Precursor missions and early Space Station utilization activities are being defined. This paper summarizes the program in outline and graphic form.

    Mizuno, Toshio

    1992-01-01

    244

    Toshiba KIDS at NTCIR-3: Japanese and English-Japanese IR  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Toshiba participated in the Japanese monolingual track and the English-Japanese cross-language track at NTCIR-3, and achieved the highest retrieval perfor- mances among the DESCRIPTION runs. Our pre- submission experiments using the KIDS system fo- cused primarily on effective Japanese monolingual retrieval, and addressed several problems including term selection enhancement and ranked output com- bination. Moreover, our post-submission reruns using the

    Tetsuya Sakai; Makoto Koyama; Masaru Suzuki; Toshihiko Manabe

    2003-01-01

    245

    Simulation in a dynamic prototyping environment: Petri nets or rules?  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    An evaluation of a prototyped user interface is best supported by a simulation of the system. A simulation allows for dynamic evaluation of the interface rather than just a static evaluation of the screen's appearance. This allows potential users to evaluate both the look (in terms of the screen layout, color, objects, etc.) and feel (in terms of operations and actions which need to be performed) of a system's interface. Because of the need to provide dynamic evaluation of an interface, there must be support for producing active simulations. The high-fidelity training simulators are normally delivered too late to be effectively used in prototyping the displays. Therefore, it is important to build a low fidelity simulator, so that the iterative cycle of refining the human computer interface based upon a user's interactions can proceed early in software development.

    Moore, Loretta A.; Price, Shannon W.; Hale, Joseph P.

    1994-01-01

    246

    Simulation in a dynamic prototyping environment: Petri nets or rules?  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    An evaluation of a prototyped user interface is best supported by a simulation of the system. A simulation allows for dynamic evaluation of the interface rather than just a static evaluation of the screen's appearance. This allows potential users to evaluate both the look (in terms of the screen layout, color, objects, etc.) and feel (in terms of operations and actions which need to be performed) of a system's interface. Because of the need to provide dynamic evaluation of an interface, there must be support for producing active simulations. The high-fidelity training simulators are delivered too late to be effectively used in prototyping the displays. Therefore, it is important to build a low fidelity simulator, so that the iterative cycle of refining the human computer interface based upon a user's interactions can proceed early in software development.

    Moore, Loretta A.; Price, Shannon; Hale, Joseph P.

    1994-01-01

    247

    Use of Building Automation System Trend Data for Inputs Generation in Bottom-Up Simulation Calibration  

    E-print Network

    for analysis and use in simulation is very large. This paper explores automating the process of generating inputs from Building Automation System (BAS) trend data for use in building simulation software. A proof-of-concept prototype called the Automatic...

    Zibin, N. F.; Zmeureanu, R. G.; Love, J. A.

    2013-01-01

    248

    Rapid prototyping with sloping surfaces  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    TruSurf is a new system for building solid objects from layers with sloping surfaces that closely match the designed surface shape. The advantages of using sloping surfaces over stepped edges are improved surface finish, and decreased build time through the use of thicker layers. TruSurf uses B-spline surfaces to describe the part, and calculate the sloped path of the layer

    R. L. Hope; P. A. Jacobs; R. N. Roth

    1997-01-01

    249

    The position of the Japanese Spaceguard Association with regard to NEO problems  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    The Japanese Spaceguard Association, set up in October 1996, has been proposing a scenario to solve NEO problems. In addition to activities such as public lectures and publication of a newsletter, we are trying to get support from the government and private organizations to build ground-based, space-based and lunar-based telescopes. The construction of two ground-based telescopes began in January 1999,

    Syuzo Isobe

    2000-01-01

    250

    ACCULTURATION AND END-OF-LIFE DECISION MAKING: COMPARISON OF JAPANESE AND JAPANESE-AMERICAN FOCUS GROUPS  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ABSTRACTVariation in decision-making about end-of-life care among ethnic groups creates clinical conflicts. In order to understand changes in preferences for end-of-life care among Japanese who immigrate to the United States, we conducted 18 focus groups with 122 participants: 65 English-speaking Japanese Americans, 29 Japanese-speaking Japanese Americans and 28 Japanese living in Japan.Negative feelings toward living in adverse health states and

    SEIJI BITO; SHINJI MATSUMURA; MARJORIE KAGAWA SINGER; LISA S. MEREDITH; SHUNICHI FUKUHARA; NEIL S. WENGER

    2007-01-01

    251

    Portuguese Ships on Japanese Namban Screens  

    E-print Network

    scenes of the first European activities in Japan. Among the subjects depicted on Namban screens, some of the most intriguing are ships: the European ships of the Age of Discovery. Namban screens were created by skillful Japanese traditional painters who...

    Yamafune, Kotaro

    2012-10-19

    252

    Regional Classification of Traditional Japanese Folk Songs  

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    In this study, we focus on the melodies of Japanese folk songs, and examine the basic structures of Japanese folk songs that represent the characteristics of different regions. We sample the five largest song genres within the music corpora of the Nihon Min-yo Taikan (Anthology of Japanese Folk Songs), consisting of 202,246 tones from 1,794 song pieces from 45 prefectures in Japan. Then, we calculate the probabilities of 24 transition patterns that fill the interval of the perfect fourth pitch, which is the interval that maintains most of the frequency for one-step and two-step pitch transitions within 11 regions, in order to determine the parameters for cluster analysis. As a result, we successively classify the regions into two basic groups, eastern Japan and western Japan, which corresponds to geographical factors and cultural backgrounds, and also match accent distributions in the Japanese language.

    Kawase, Akihiro; Tokosumi, Akifumi

    253

    University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

    E-print Network

    and Civil Engineering T Politics, International Studies and Philosophy V Psychology W Sociology, Social at Queen's 1 Canada Room/Council Chamber 13 Careers, Employability and Skills 24 Centre for Cancer Research Building 1n Development and Alumni Relations 13 Disability Services 8 Drama and Film Centre at Queen's (inc

    MĂĽller, Jens-Dominik

    254

    Diego Collado's Grammar of the Japanese Language  

    E-print Network

    Grammaticae laponicae Linguae of 1632 is to make more readily available to the scholarly community an annotated version of this significant document in the history of both Japanese language study and grammatical de scription in general. Collado's work..., Collado's Grammar has much to recommend it as a document in the history of grammatical description. It is an orthodox description attempting to fit simple Japanese sentences into the framework established for Latin by the great Spanish humanist Antonio...

    Spear, Richard L.

    1975-05-01

    255

    ANTARES: A Prototype Transient Broker System  

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    The Arizona-NOAO Temporal Analysis and Response to Events System (ANTARES) is a joint project of the National Optical Astronomy Observatory and the Department of Computer Science at the University of Arizona. The goal is to build the software infrastructure necessary to process and filter alerts produced by time-domain surveys, with the ultimate source of such alerts being the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST). ANTARES will add value to alerts by annotating them with information from external sources such as previous surveys from across the electromagnetic spectrum. In addition, the temporal history of annotated alerts will provide further annotation for analysis. These alerts will go through a cascade of filters to select interesting candidates. For the prototype, 'interesting' is defined as the rarest or most unusual alert, but future systems will accommodate multiple filtering goals. The system is designed to be flexible, allowing users to access the stream at multiple points throughout the process, and to insert custom filters where necessary. We will describe the basic architecture of ANTARES and the principles that will guide development and implementation.

    Matheson, Thomas; Saha, A.; Snodgrass, R.; Kececioglu, J.

    2014-01-01

    256

    An airborne icing characterization probe: nephelometer prototype  

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    The aeronautical industry uses airborne probes to characterize icing conditions for flight certification purposes by counting and sizing cloud droplets. Existing probes have been developed for meteorologists in order to study cloud microphysics. They are used on specific aircraft, instrumented for this type of study, but are not adapted for an industrial flight test environment. The development by Airbus of a new probe giving a real time response for particle sizes between 10 and 500 µm, adapted to operational requirements, is in progress. An optical principle by coherent shadowgraphy with a low coherency point source is used for the application. The size of the droplets is measured from their shadows on a CCD. A pulsed laser coupled to a fast camera freezes the movement. Usually, image processing rejects out-of-focus objects. Here, particles far from the focal plane can be sized because of the large depth of field due to the point source. The technique used increases the depth of field and the sampled volume is enough to build a histogram even for low droplet concentrations. Image processing is done in real time and results are provided to the flight test engineer. All data and images are recorded in order to allow on-ground complementary analysis if necessary. A non-telescopic prototype has been tested in a wind tunnel and in flight. The definitive probe being retractable is designed to be easily installed through a dummy window. Retracted, it will allow the aircraft to fly at VMO (maximum operating limit speed).

    Roques, S.

    2007-10-01

    257

    ANTARES: a prototype transient broker system  

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    The Arizona-NOAO Temporal Analysis and Response to Events System (ANTARES) is a joint project of the National Optical Astronomy Observatory and the Department of Computer Science at the University of Arizona. The goal is to build the software infrastructure necessary to process and filter alerts produced by time-domain surveys, with the ultimate source of such alerts being the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST). The ANTARES broker will add value to alerts by annotating them with information from external sources such as previous surveys from across the electromagnetic spectrum. In addition, the temporal history of annotated alerts will provide further annotation for analysis. These alerts will go through a cascade of filters to select interesting candidates. For the prototype, `interesting' is defined as the rarest or most unusual alert, but future systems will accommodate multiple filtering goals. The system is designed to be flexible, allowing users to access the stream at multiple points throughout the process, and to insert custom filters where necessary. We describe the basic architecture of ANTARES and the principles that will guide development and implementation.

    Saha, Abhijit; Matheson, Thomas; Snodgrass, Richard; Kececioglu, John; Narayan, Gautham; Seaman, Robert; Jenness, Tim; Axelrod, Tim

    2014-07-01

    258

    A prototype Distributed Audit System  

    SciTech Connect

    Security auditing systems are used to detect and assess unauthorized or abusive system usage. Historically, security audits were confined to a single computer system. Recent work examines ways of extending auditing to include heterogeneous groups of computers (distributed system). This paper describes the design and prototype development of a Distributed Audit System (DAS) which was developed with funding received from Lawrence Livermore Laboratory and through the Master`s thesis effort performed by the author at California State University, Long Beach. The DAS is intended to provide collection, transfer, and control of audit data on distributed, heterogeneous hosts.

    Banning, D.L. [Sparta, Inc., El Segundo, CA (United States)

    1993-08-01

    259

    The ATLAS IBL BOC prototype  

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    The Pixel Detector of the ATLAS experiment at CERN will be upgraded with an Insertable B-Layer (IBL) in 2013. To handle the data readout the currently used VME card pairs consisting of a back of crate card (BOC) and a read out driver (ROD) are being redesigned. This paper presents details of the hardware design of the new BOC prototype, which takes advantage from modern FPGA technology and commercial optical modules and abandons the need for a variety of custom components used on the old card. Also the throughput is four times higher and additional features are implemented.

    Schroer, N.

    2011-12-01

    260

    CALIFA Barrel prototype detector characterisation  

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Well established in the field of scintillator detection, Caesium Iodide remains at the forefront of scintillators for use in modern calorimeters. Recent developments in photosensor technology have lead to the production of Large Area Avalanche Photo Diodes (LAAPDs), a huge advancement on traditional photosensors in terms of high internal gain, dynamic range, magnetic field insensitivity, high quantum efficiency and fast recovery time. The R3B physics programme has a number of requirements for its calorimeter, one of the most challenging being the dual functionality as both a calorimeter and a spectrometer. This involves the simultaneous detection of ?300 MeV protons and gamma rays ranging from 0.1 to 20 MeV. This scintillator - photosensor coupling provides an excellent solution in this capacity, in part due to the near perfect match of the LAAPD quantum efficiency peak to the light output wavelength of CsI(Tl). Modern detector development is guided by use of Monte Carlo simulations to predict detector performance, nonetheless it is essential to benchmark these simulations against real data taken with prototype detector arrays. Here follows an account of the performance of two such prototypes representing different polar regions of the Barrel section of the forthcoming CALIFA calorimeter. Measurements were taken for gamma-ray energies up to 15.1 MeV (Maier-Leibnitz Laboratory, Garching, Germany) and for direct irradiation with a 180 MeV proton beam (The Svedberg Laboratoriet, Uppsala, Sweden). Results are discussed in light of complementary GEANT4 simulations.

    Pietras, B.; Gascón, M.; Álvarez-Pol, H.; Bendel, M.; Bloch, T.; Casarejos, E.; Cortina-Gil, D.; Durán, I.; Fiori, E.; Gernhäuser, R.; González, D.; Kröll, T.; Le Bleis, T.; Montes, N.; Nácher, E.; Robles, M.; Perea, A.; Vilán, J. A.; Winkel, M.

    2013-11-01

    261

    Test procedure -- Prototype core sampler  

    SciTech Connect

    The purpose of this test is to attempt to determine the adequacy of the prototype sampler. Recovery tests will be performed with this sampler in three different consistencies of kaolin sludge simulants. A minimum of six tests will be done in each of the simulants. The sampler is a hollow steel sampling tube with a tapered nose and a retractable point. The point is sealed against the inside wall of the sampler by two O-rings, which keep the waste material from entering the sampler prematurely. When the point is retracted, the biggest O-ring assists in collecting the sample by producing a slight negative pressure within the sampler tube. The sampler can be operated by hand. The concept is similar to, but simpler than, the present WHC rotary valve sampler in that a solid core is recovered and an O-ring piston is used to provide a negative internal pressure to assist sample recovery. The test will be performed in three 55-gallon drums each filled with a kaolin sludge of a different consistency. The drums will contain an approximate depth of 33 inches of sludge. The prototype Concord sampler will attempt to collect 19-inch samples at two distinct depths. No waste tank simulation with full length or any length of the auger shroud equipment will be attempted in this test. A simple locating and clamping tool will be made to facilitate the sampling.

    Linschooten, C.G.

    1994-11-01

    262

    Prototype classification: insights from machine learning.  

    PubMed

    We shed light on the discrimination between patterns belonging to two different classes by casting this decoding problem into a generalized prototype framework. The discrimination process is then separated into two stages: a projection stage that reduces the dimensionality of the data by projecting it on a line and a threshold stage where the distributions of the projected patterns of both classes are separated. For this, we extend the popular mean-of-class prototype classification using algorithms from machine learning that satisfy a set of invariance properties. We report a simple yet general approach to express different types of linear classification algorithms in an identical and easy-to-visualize formal framework using generalized prototypes where these prototypes are used to express the normal vector and offset of the hyperplane. We investigate non-margin classifiers such as the classical prototype classifier, the Fisher classifier, and the relevance vector machine. We then study hard and soft margin classifiers such as the support vector machine and a boosted version of the prototype classifier. Subsequently, we relate mean-of-class prototype classification to other classification algorithms by showing that the prototype classifier is a limit of any soft margin classifier and that boosting a prototype classifier yields the support vector machine. While giving novel insights into classification per se by presenting a common and unified formalism, our generalized prototype framework also provides an efficient visualization and a principled comparison of machine learning classification. PMID:19431284

    Graf, Arnulf B A; Bousquet, Olivier; Rätsch, Gunnar; Schölkopf, Bernhard

    2009-01-01

    263

    Characteristics of Japanese and Japanese Americans in Psychotherapy in Japan and the U.S.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    In spite of the growing volume of research on Asian Americans since the late 1960's, very little examination in the mental health field has been done of specific groups of Asian Americans. To compare the mental health treatment characteristics of Japanese in Japan and Japanese Americans in the United States, 27 Tokyo therapists and their 120…

    Nishio, Kazumi

    264

    Pretending to Be Japanese: Artistic Play in a Japanese-American Church and Family  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    With high rates of out-marriage and dwindling need for bilingual worship, Japanese-American churches face a critical question: "Why retain the Japanese part of our identity?" This article explores how one layperson (Naomi Takahashi Goto) draws from her experience as an artist, teacher, and mother to help her congregation answer this question.…

    Goto, Courtney T.

    2008-01-01

    265

    Modalities of Infant-Mother Interaction in Japanese, Japanese American Immigrant, and European American Dyads  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cultural variation in relations and moment-to-moment contingencies of infant-mother person-oriented and object-oriented interactions were compared in 118 Japanese, Japanese American immigrant, and European American dyads with 5.5-month-olds. Infant and mother person-oriented behaviors were related in all cultural groups, but infant and mother…

    Bornstein, Marc H.; Cote, Linda R.; Haynes, O. Maurice; Suwalsky, Joan T. D.; Bakeman, Roger

    2012-01-01

    266

    Toward generic models for comparative evaluation and process selection in rapid prototyping and manufacturing  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Selection of the most suitable rapid prototyping and manufacturing (RP&M) process for a specific part creation is a difficult task due to the proliferation of RP\\/s&M processes and materials. Multiple considerations such as good dimensional accuracy, fine surface finish, short building time, and low building cost are all desired objectives, and no one process is superior in all aspects. For

    F. Xu; Y. S. Wong; H. T. Loh

    2001-01-01

    267

    Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Prototype Demonstration for Consumer Electronics Applications  

    SciTech Connect

    This report is the final technical report for DOE Program DE-FC36-04GO14301 titled “Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Prototype Demonstration for Consumer Electronics Applications”. Due to the public nature of this report some of the content reported in confidential reports and meetings to the DOE is not covered in detail in this report and some of the content has been normalized to not show actual values. There is a comparison of the projects accomplishments with the objectives, an overview of some of the key subsystem work, and a review of the three levels of prototypes demonstrated during the program. There is also a description of the eventual commercial product and market this work is leading towards. The work completed under this program has significantly increased the understanding of how Direct Methanol Fuel Cells (DMFC) can be deployed successfully to power consumer electronic devices. The prototype testing has demonstrated the benefits a direct methanol fuel cell system has over batteries typically used for powering consumer electronic devices. Three generations of prototypes have been developed and tested for performance, robustness and life. The technologies researched and utilized in the fuel cell stack and related subsystems for these prototypes are leveraged from advances in other industries such as the hydrogen fueled PEM fuel cell industry. The work under this program advanced the state of the art of direct methanol fuel cells. The system developed by MTI micro fuel cells aided by this program differs significantly from conventional DMFC designs and offers compelling advantages in the areas of performance, life, size, and simplicity. The program has progressed as planned resulting in the completion of the scope of work and available funding in December 2008. All 18 of the final P3 prototypes builds have been tested and the results showed significant improvements over P2 prototypes in build yield, initial performance, and durability. The systems have demonstrated robust operation when tested at various orientations, temperatures, and humidity levels. Durability testing has progressed significantly over the course of the program. MEA, engine, and system level steady state testing has demonstrated degradation rates acceptable for initial product introduction. Test duration of over 5000 hrs has been achieved at both the MEA and breadboard system level. P3 level prototype life testing on engines (stacks with reactant conditioning) showed degradation rates comparable to carefully constructed lab fixtures. This was a major improvement over the P2 and P1 engine designs, which exhibited substantial reductions in life and performance between the lab cell and the actual engine. Over the course of the work on the P3 technology set, a platform approach was taken to the system design. By working in this direction, a number of product iterations with substantial market potential were identified. Although the main effort has been the development of a prototype charger for consumer electronic devices, multiple other product concepts were developed during the program showing the wide variety of potential applications.

    Carlstrom, Charles, M., Jr.

    2009-07-07

    268

    Homogamy and Intermarriage of Japanese and Japanese Americans With Whites Surrounding World War II  

    PubMed Central

    Although some sociologists have suggested that Japanese Americans quickly assimilated into mainstream America, scholars of Japanese America have highlighted the heightened exclusion that the group experienced. This study tracked historical shifts in the exclusion level of Japanese and Japanese Americans in the United States surrounding World War II with homogamy and intermarriage with Whites for the prewar (1930–1940) and resettlement (1946–1966) marriage cohorts. The authors applied log-linear models to census microsamples (N = 1,590,416) to estimate the odds ratios of homogamy versus intermarriage. The unadjusted odds ratios of Japanese Americans declined between cohorts and appeared to be consistent with the assimilation hypothesis. Once compositional influences and educational pairing patterns were adjusted, however, the odds ratios increased and supported the heightened exclusion hypothesis. PMID:21116449

    Ono, Hiromi; Berg, Justin

    2010-01-01

    269

    OPERATING THE WAND AND HERCULES PROTOTYPE SYSTEMS  

    SciTech Connect

    Two prototype systems for low-density Green is Clean (GIC) waste at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) have been in operation for three years at the Solid Waste Operation's (SWOs) non-destructive assay (NDA) building. The Waste Assay for Nonradioactive Disposal (WAND) and the High Efficiency Radiation Counters for Ultimate Low Emission Sensitivity (HERCULES) are used to verify the waste generator's acceptable knowledge (AK) that low-density waste is nonradioactive. GIC waste includes all non-regulated waste generated in radiological controlled areas (RCAs) that has been actively segregated as ''clean'' (i.e., nonradioactive) through the use of waste generator AK. GIC waste that is verified clean can be disposed of at the Los Alamos County Landfill. It is estimated that 50-90% of the low-density room trash from RCAs at LANL might be free of contamination. To date, with pilot programs at five facilities at LANL, 3000 cubic feet of GIC waste has been verified clean by these two prototype systems. Both the WAND and HERCULES systems are highly sensitive measurement systems optimized to detect very small quantities of common LANL radionuclides. Both of the systems use a set of phoswich scintillation detectors in close proximity to the waste, which have the capability of detecting plutonium-239 concentrations below 3 pCi per gram of low density waste. Both systems detect low-energy x-rays and a broad range of gamma rays (10-2000 keV), while the WAND system also detects high energy beta particles (>100 keV). The WAND system consists of a bank of six shielded detectors which screen low density shredded waste or stacked sheets of paper moving under the detectors in a twelve inch swath on a conveyor belt. The WAND system was developed and tested at the Los Alamos Plutonium Facility in conjunction with instrument system designers from the Los Alamos Safeguards Science and Technology group. The HERCULES system consists of a bank of three shielded detectors which screen low-density waste in two cubic foot cardboard boxes or in bags sitting on a turntable. Waste that does not pass the verification process can be examined within the facility to determine the type and quantity of the contamination and its origin within a waste container. The paper discusses lessons learned that have helped generators improve their AK segregation.

    K. GRUETZMACHER; ET AL

    2001-01-01

    270

    A comparison of rapid prototyping technologies  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Until recently, prototypes had to be constructed by skilled model makers from 2D engineering drawings. This is a time-consuming and expensive process. With the advent of new layer manufacturing and CAD\\/CAM technologies, prototypes may now be rapidly produced from 3D computer models. There are many different rapid prototyping (RP) technologies available. This paper presents an overview of the current technologies

    D. T Pham; R. S Gault

    1998-01-01

    271

    IMMR Phase 1 Prototyping Plan Inputs  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    This viewgraph presentation reviews the phase I plan of the prototype of the IMMR by the Multilateral Medical Operations Panel (MMOP) Medical Informatics & Technology (MIT) Working Group. It reviews the Purpose of IMMR Prototype Phase 1 (IPP1); the IPP1 Plan Overview, the IMMR Prototype Phase 1 Plan for PDDs and MIC and MIC-DDs, Plan for MICs, a nd the IPP1 objectives

    Vowell, C. W.; Johnson-Throop, Kathy; Smith, Bryon; Darcy, Jeannette

    2006-01-01

    272

    PEP-II prototype klystron  

    SciTech Connect

    A 540-kW continuous-wave (cw) klystron operating at 476 MHz was developed for use as a power source for testing PEP-II rf accelerating cavities and rf windows. It also serves as a prototype for a 1.2 MW cw klystron presently being developed as a potential rf source for asymmetric colliding ring use. The design incorporates the concepts and many of the parts used in the original 353 MHz PEP klystron developed sixteen years ago. The superior computer simulation codes available today result in improved performance with the cavity frequencies, drift lengths, and output circuit optimized for the higher frequency.The design and operating results of this tube are described with particular emphasis on the factors which affect efficiency and stability.

    Fowkes, W.R.; Caryotakis, G.; Lee, T.G.; Pearson, C.; Wright, E.L.

    1993-04-01

    273

    Hadron therapy information sharing prototype.  

    PubMed

    The European PARTNER project developed a prototypical system for sharing hadron therapy data. This system allows doctors and patients to record and report treatment-related events during and after hadron therapy. It presents doctors and statisticians with an integrated view of adverse events across institutions, using open-source components for data federation, semantics, and analysis. There is a particular emphasis upon semantic consistency, achieved through intelligent, annotated form designs. The system as presented is ready for use in a clinical setting, and amenable to further customization. The essential contribution of the work reported here lies in the novel data integration and reporting methods, as well as the approach to software sustainability achieved through the use of community-supported open-source components. PMID:23824127

    Roman, Faustin Laurentiu; Abler, Daniel; Kanellopoulos, Vassiliki; Amoros, Gabriel; Davies, Jim; Dosanjh, Manjit; Jena, Raj; Kirkby, Norman; Peach, Ken; Salt, Jose

    2013-07-01

    274

    ACCS Surveillance Exploratory Prototype (ASEP)  

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    The increasing sophistication of surveillance systems, both civilian and military, has generated a great deal of interest in techniques of multi-target tracking and sensor integration. To help SHAPE and the NATO Air Command and Control System (ACCS) Management Agency (NACMA) to specify and implement the ACCS surveillance subsystem, in particular in the areas of data fusion and identification, the SHAPE Technical Center (STC) is currently developing an ACCS Surveillance Exploratory Prototype (ASEP) as an element of its new integrated testbed. The purpose of the ASEP is to demonstrate the feasibility and operational benefits of future air picture generation systems. The significant difference between this advanced system and currently available systems is that ASEP will provide better tracking continuity, more accurate estimates of track positions, velocity, acceleration, and additional information on targets. The provision of this information on air targets is also of great importance for civil ATC systems, especially in view of growing requirements for ATC planning, conflict alert and conflict resolution. The use of multiple sensors and sources requires the fusion of different types of data, including sensor reports containing measured attributes such as the target type and other target features. Since advanced fusion algorithms are using kinematic data as well as attribute data for the identification process, the majority of all air targets can be identified automatically. This paper gives an overview of the following components that are implemented in the ACCS Surveillance Exploratory Prototype at STC: scenario generation and sensor simulation; real-time multi-sensor tracking; real-time radar data integration; external track and flight plan data integration; and air picture presentation on a Surveillance Workstation using new human-computer interface (HCI) techniques.

    Gaebler, K.

    1993-10-01

    275

    Prototype casting fabrication by stereolithography  

    SciTech Connect

    A new product development technology is emerging which could have a major impact on the investment casting industry. It's identified by several names, the most common of which is STEREOLITHOGRAPHY.'' This technology involves a three-dimensional printing process which will yield plastic parts (polymer models) from solid, surface, or wireframe CAD files. The concept links a CAD database to a process which guides a laser beam to solidify liquid photo-curable polymer into a programmed shaped. The process can produce models in far less time and at far less cost than can be done by other known (conventional) model producing methods. Parts that would normally require weeks or months to prototype with conventional processes can be produced in a matter of hours by Stereolithography. The Allied-Signal Inc., Kansas City Division, is engaged in a development project (funded by the Department of Energy) which is aimed at establishing this process as a practical, expedient, and cost-effective method fabricating prototype investment castings. The early phases of the project include procurement of a special designed test unit for several companies (Service Centers) involved in fabrication of models. These models are produced in various materials and used in experimental casting programs being conducted with four casting suppliers (two ferrous and two non-ferrous). This presentation will cover the objectives of the project and the results obtained up to this time. We will also briefly review future plans for the continuation of the project, until this new technology has been proven as a viable process for rapid development of investment castings.

    Cromwell, W.E.

    1990-11-01

    276

    PowerCore{trademark}, NiMH production prototype for portable electronics. Quarterly report R02  

    SciTech Connect

    The objective of this project is to build a production prototype of Power Core structural battery for applications as a hard case for portable electronic devices. The reports summarizes the work completed since the last report. It briefly describes the problems that were experienced. It also gives details of progress versus statement of work task definitions.

    Lyman, P.C.

    1998-01-30

    277

    Teaching Tip: Using Rapid Game Prototyping for Exploring Requirements Discovery and Modeling  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    We describe the use of rapid game prototyping as a pedagogic technique to experientially explore and learn requirements discovery, modeling, and specification in systems analysis and design courses. Students have a natural interest in gaming that transcends age, gender, and background. Rapid digital game creation is used to build computer games…

    Dalal, Nikunj

    2012-01-01

    278

    A generic architecture prototype for context-aware systems Ni Zhang, Chris Todd  

    E-print Network

    A generic architecture prototype for context-aware systems Ni Zhang, Chris Todd Dept. of Electronic requirements for building a generic context-aware system, and proposed a solution for context collection of scalability and authorized access to private context information. 1. Introduction of context-aware

    Haddadi, Hamed

    279

    Start to End Simulations of the ERL Prototype at Daresbury Laboratory  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daresbury Laboratory is currently building an Energy Recovery Linac Prototype (ERLP) that will serve as a research and development facility for the study of beam dynamics and accelerator technology important to the design and construction of the proposed 4th Generation Light Source (4GLS) project. Two major objectives of the ERLP are the demonstration of energy recovery and of energy recovery

    C. Gerth; M. Bowler; B. Muratori; H. L. Owen; N. R. Thompson; B. Faatz; B. W. J. McNeil

    2005-01-01

    280

    Body, Mind, and Spirit: Feng Shui Applications for a Healing Environment Prototype  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    This thesis project explored the merging of eastern design theories with modern western building methods. More specifically, the thesis examined Feng Shui principles, specifically the methods used in the Form School. These Form School theories were synthesized together and used as a basis to inform the design of a cancer treatment facility prototype. Feng Shui emphasizes harmony with nature and

    Shou-Jung Wei

    2006-01-01

    281

    DESIGN OF THE PROTOTYPICAL CRYOMODULE FOR THE EUROTRANS SUPERCONDUCTING LINAC FOR NUCLEAR WASTE  

    E-print Network

    cryomodule of the high energy section of the superconducting proton linac. A cryomodule is the basic building is dedicated to the engineering and realization of a prototype cryomodule of the high energy section, with 45 m2 of class 10/100). · Ultra-pure water production system and HPR facility. · An Helium liquefier

    Boyer, Edmond

    282

    Development and Testing of a Variable Wall Miner Breadboard Prototype Unit.  

    National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

    The objective of the contract is to design, build, surface test, and evaluate a breadboard prototype of the Variable Wall Mining System so that data are available for the design of a production machine. The Variable Wall Mining System (VWMS) consists of a...

    R. J. Mathis, J. M. Burkes, D. H. Weissling

    1987-01-01

    283

    A PROTOTYPE FOR ON-LINE MONITORING AND CONTROL OF ENERGY PERFORMANCE FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY  

    E-print Network

    A PROTOTYPE FOR ON-LINE MONITORING AND CONTROL OF ENERGY PERFORMANCE FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY BUILDINGS@univ-perp.fr Keywords: Renewable energies, energy performance indicators, monitoring system, smart transducers, control. Control algorithms are tested in simulation to improve renewable energy consumption while reducing fossil

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    284

    Development of a steel rapid prototyping system based on TIG welding deposition technology  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    This study presents a rapid prototyping (RP) system based on the tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding deposition technology. This system includes a TIG welding torch and a wire feeder for welding build-up, a numerical controlled milling equipment for controlling the movement of the welding torch and enhancing the precision of the deposition part, an industrial computer for sampling data and

    Li Yulong; Zhang Hua; Hu RongHua; Xu Jianning

    2008-01-01

    285

    Enabling the hybrid use of air conditioning: A prototype on sustainable housing in tropical regions  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    This paper demonstrates how the use of active or passive means only does not give the appropriate answers to a tropical design when considering housing. The author discusses about the idea of both modes of operation being used simultaneously or in parallel, and how this concept has been developed for one experimental building prototype in tropical areas of Brazil (Northeast

    Rosangela Tenorio

    2007-01-01

    286

    Sketch-based rapid prototyping platform for hardware-software integrated interactive products  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    This paper presents a platform in which interaction designers can effectively and rapidly develop tangible interactive prototypes by sketching. The study aims to build a platform that plays the role of sketching in the hardware-software integrated interactive product design process. The platform consists of three components: a sketch based interactive concept exploration software application called STCtools, a set of physical

    Tek-Jin Nam

    2005-01-01

    287

    Test Flight of the Prototype Nuclear Compton Telescope Ge Detectors  

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    The Nuclear Compton Telescope (NCT) is a balloon-borne soft gamma-ray (0.2-15 MeV) telescope designed to study astrophysical sources of nuclear line emission and polarization. NCT takes advantages of major advances in gamma-ray tracking capabilties to improve sensitvity to astrophysical gamma-ray sources. The heart of NCT is an array of 12 novel, large volume germanium detectors with full 3D position resolution and very high spectral resolution. Our collaboration is building a 2-detector prototype of NCT for a test balloon flight in September 2003. This prototype flight will critically test the novel instrument technologies, analysis techniques, and background rejection procedures developed for gamma-ray tracking telescopes. We will present the design, status, and expected performance of this prototype NCT instrument, and describe the mission's science goals. We will also present an overview of the use of gamma-ray tracking in Compton telescopes. This project is funded under the NASA ROSS program.

    Kregenow, Julia; Boggs, S. E.; Coburn, W.; Lin, R. P.; Smith, D. M.; Amman, M. S.; Burks, M. T.; Luke, P. N.; Madden, N. W.; Jean, P.; von Ballmoos, P.; Craig, W.; Ziock, K.

    2003-05-01

    288

    Overseas projects finance by international institutions for Japanese construction firms  

    E-print Network

    This thesis analyzes the relationships between Japanese construction firms, and overseas projects financed by international institutions, such as the World Bank Group, United Nations, ADB, IDB, JBIC, and JICA. Japanese ...

    Kojima, Masashi, 1968-

    2004-01-01

    289

    New diversification strategies for the Japanese alcohol industry  

    E-print Network

    Japanese major alcoholic beverage companies, whose businesses are mainly the production and sale of beer products, stand at a strategic crossroads. There are several reasons: a slow decrease in the Japanese population, ...

    Yoshimura, Toru, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    290

    NSF/Tokyo Report: Type Specimens in Japanese Fish Collections  

    NSF Publications Database

    ... NSF/Tokyo Report: Type Specimens in Japanese Fish Collections Date: 5/21/97 The National Science ... Research Report: Type Specimens in Japanese Fish Collections The following report was prepared by Dr ...

    291

    Beliefs about Overcoming Psychological Problems among British and Japanese Students.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Examines the cultural differences among Japanese students, British students, and Japanese students studying in Britain, concerning their beliefs on overcoming five psychological problems: depression, obesity, smoking cessation, agoraphobia, and lack of confidence. (CMK)

    Furnham, Adrian; Ota, Hiromi; Tatsuro, Hosoe; Koyasu, Masuo

    2000-01-01

    292

    3. View of Japanese village, type C structure, facing eastsoutheast ...  

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. View of Japanese village, type C structure, facing east-southeast - Nevada Test Site, Japanese Village, Type C Structure, Area 4, Yucca Flat, 4-04 Road near Rainier Mesa Road, Mercury, Nye County, NV

    293

    Rhetorical strategies of foreign executives in revitalizing Japanese global enterprise  

    E-print Network

    Carlos Ghosn of Nissan and Sir Howard Stringer of Sony are the first non-Japanese top executives of Japanese global enterprises. At the time they were appointed CEOs, both companies were in crisis: Nissan almost facing ...

    Hatayama, Hiroaki

    2010-01-01

    294

    Shape enhancement for rapid prototyping  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Many applications, for instance, in the reverse engineering and cultural heritage field, require building a physical replica\\u000a of 3D digital models. Recent 3D printers can easily perform this task in a relatively short time and using color to reproduce\\u000a object textures. However, the finite resolution of printers and, most of all, some peculiar optical and physical properties\\u000a of the used

    Ruggero Pintus; Enrico Gobbetti; Paolo Cignoni; Roberto Scopigno

    2010-01-01

    295

    Cheilitis Glandularis: Two Case Reports of Asian-Japanese Men and Literature Review of Japanese Cases  

    PubMed Central

    Cheilitis glandularis (CG) is a rare disorder characterized by swelling of the lip with hyperplasia of the labial salivary glands. CG is most frequently encountered in the lower lip, in middle-aged to older Caucasian men; however Asian cases were rarely reported. In this paper we present two cases of CG in Asian-Japanese men. One was a 23-year-old male with CG of the superficial suppurative type. The other was a 54-year-old male with deep suppurative type. We also reviewed the Japanese cases of CG in the literature and discussed about clinical feature of Japanese CG. PMID:21991474

    Yanagawa, Toru; Yamaguchi, Akira; Harada, Hiroyuki; Yamagata, Kenji; Ishibashi, Naomi; Noguchi, Masayuki; Onizawa, Kojiro; Bukawa, Hiroki

    2011-01-01

    296

    Proposal for a generic prototyping approach  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    The procedure we define is parametrized by: the input description formalism which can be any structured and\\/or hierarchical representation; and the programming language used to describe the prototype of a system. Our prototyping procedure involves three description levels: 1) the input formalism is a semi-formal description that only allows syntactic checks (completeness and coherence of the specification); 2) a formal

    Fabrice Kordon; M. Curie

    1994-01-01

    297

    Exploring Quality Attributes Using Architectural Prototyping  

    E-print Network

    architectural prototyping to design or evaluate a software architecture? ­ What is the cost/benefit there is a need for architectural evaluation--ensuring the architecture's support for de- sired quality attributes--and a variety of evaluation techniques have been developed, described, and used. Architectural prototyping

    Christensen, Henrik Bærbak

    298

    Rapid Prototyping in Automated Instructional Design.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Describes the impact of the tools being developed as part of the Second Generation Instructional Design (ID2) Research Program on the process of instructional design. Highlights include domain semantic meaning; instructional design expert systems; rapid prototyping; the instructional systems development process; and the ID2 rapid prototyping

    Jones, Mark K.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    299

    Rapid Prototyping for Spoken Dialogue Systems  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    We implemented a spoken dialogue system architecture for rapid prototyping. The features that support rapid prototyping include a clear separation of generic dialogue processing algorithms from domain and language specific knowledge sources. In an experiment, it could be shown that six individuals could specify these domain and language specific knowledge sources within 8 to 12 hours to come up with

    Matthias Denecke

    2002-01-01

    300

    Progress in Additive Manufacturing and Rapid Prototyping  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rapid prototyping generally refers to techniques that produce shaped parts by gradual creation or addition of solid material, therein differing fundamentally from forming and material removal manufacturing techniques. This paper tries to summarise one decade of research and developments in rapid prototyping. The first part surveys some general economical and technological trends. The second part of the paper goes into

    J.-P. Kruth; M. C. Leu; T. Nakagawa

    1998-01-01

    301

    Rapid prototyping of interactive information systems  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    The User Software Engineering methodology is a set of techniques, supported by automated tools (Unified Support Environment), to support the specification and implementation of interactive information systems. The methodology advocates construction of a prototype of the user\\/program dialogue as an aid to the analysis process, and suggests the construction of a functional prototype as an aid to the specification. The

    Anthony I. Wasserman; David T. Shewmake

    1982-01-01

    302

    Dielectric elastomer based prototype fiber actuators  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dielectric elastomer based prototype fiber actuators have been developed and evaluated. The work is motivated by the tremendous potential offered by the current multicomponent fiber forming technologies as a means to fabricate fiber actuators. To explore the potential, prototype fiber actuators have been fabricated using commercially available dielectric elastomer tubes and by applying appropriate compliant electrodes to inner cavity and

    Sohil Arora; Tushar Ghosh; John Muth

    2007-01-01

    303

    Dynamic WAIS Prototype Announcement by Mike Schwartz  

    E-print Network

    Dynamic WAIS Prototype Announcement by Mike Schwartz Published in Internet Society News 2(1), Spring 1993 Dynamic WAIS is a system that extends the WAIS (Wide Area collection of static documents. We have a prototype that supports gateways from WAIS to Archie and to Netfind

    Schwartz, Michael F.

    304

    GEOMETRIC ALGORITHMS FOR RAPID PHYSICAL PROTOTYPING  

    E-print Network

    their digital representations, using a "3D printer" attached to a workstation. RPP is used in the automotive. Acknowledgements Rapid Physical Prototyping (RPP) RPP is used to create physical prototypes of 3D solids from Software -CT Scans -Laser Scanning -3D Photography Computer- Aided Process Planning -File repair -Model

    Janardan, Ravi

    305

    A control system for prototype heliostats  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A heliostat control system capable of interfacing a host control system to a variety of different prototype heliostats has been developed at Sandia Labs. In the present configuration the system consists of a H-P 1000 host minicomputer and six Intel microcomputers. The latter provide a programmable interface to translate the uniqueness of five different prototype control schemes (seven heliostats) into

    R. D. Aden

    1982-01-01

    306

    A LIFT SIMULATION A LIFT SIMULATION PROTOTYPE  

    E-print Network

    A LIFT SIMULATION A LIFT SIMULATION PROTOTYPE V C Galpin & S T Rock Computer Science Department University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg Wits 2050 South Africa #12;A LIFT SIMULATION 1 SUMMARY We present a simple simulation of lift (or elevator) operation that has been developed as a prototype

    Galpin, Vashti

    307

    Earthquake Advisory Services: A prototype development project  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Development of the prototype Earthquake Advisory Service (EAS) is reported. The EAS is designed to provide direct technical assistance and written materials to advise people who wish to make informed decisions about earthquake hazard reduction in their residences. It is intended also to be adapted to local conditions by community-based agencies. The EAS prototype involved the testing of early assumptions

    H. J. Lagorio; H. Levin

    1980-01-01

    308

    Thermoelectric SMA actuator: preliminary prototype testing  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    In this work, preliminary analysis and testing of a thermoelectric compact shape memory alloy (TEC-SMA) actuator prototype will be presented. The prototype testing process will result in detailed feasibility assessment and quantification of the operational specification ranges for the TEC-SMA actuator. The actuators\\

    Mughees M. Khan; Dimitris C. Lagoudas; Othon K. Rediniotis

    2003-01-01

    309

    Nearest Prototype Classification for Relational Learning  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Instance Based Methods for classification are based on stor- ing the complete training dataset. Once a query is received, it is compared with all the instances in the dataset, providing an answer as a function of the labels of the most similar instances. Opposite to this, Nearest Prototype Classification (NPC) obtains in training time a reduced set of prototypes that

    Roc ´ io; Garc ´ ia-Duran; Fernando Fernandez; Daniel Borrajo

    310

    CARTECH: A Prototype of Geographical Information System  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    In this paper all major issues related to definition, design and implementation of a prototype of the geographical information system CARTECH are presented and discussed. The prototype proposes solutions for the most important requirements for geographical information systems (GIS). Namely, the double nature (spatial and descriptive) of geographical data, the fact that querying geographical information usually involves the specification of

    Franco Arcieri; Enrico Nardelli; Maurizio Talamo

    1994-01-01

    311

    Computer Note A Prototype Object Database for  

    E-print Network

    Computer Note A Prototype Object Database for Mitochondrial DNA Variation J. E. NEIGEL AND P preserved. We hope to prevent further loss by establishing a community database for population genetic surveys. We explored the feasibility of a population genetics database by developing a prototype

    Neigel, Joseph E.

    312

    Japanese Higher Education Policy in Korea (1910-1945).  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Examines the impact of Japanese nationalistic thought on the administrative systems and structures of colonial and modern higher education in Korea and analyzes Japanese educational policy in Korea in the colonial period (1910-1945). Identifies beneficial and negative impacts of the Japanese colonial education system. (SLD)

    Lee, Jeong-Kyu

    2002-01-01

    313

    Acquisition of English Articles by Japanese EFL Learners.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    As the English article system is one of the most difficult grammatical items for Japanese learners of English to acquire (Japanese has no article system), this paper explored the accuracy order of articles in English by 141 Japanese speakers. A secondary purpose was to examine if these second language results extend Cziko's 1986 proposal that…

    Kubota, Mikio

    314

    Japanese car transplants: Implications for the European motor industry  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Japanese car manufacturers made an early and successful attempt to relocate production to North America. Now it's the turn of the European Community to experience Japanese car transplantation. Jonathan Morris argues persuasively that this is a natural development of the trend to the internationalization of business. The implications are serious: overcapacity in the late 1990s, and increasing Japanese market share

    Jonathan Morris

    1991-01-01

    315

    Eating Attitudes among Japanese and American Elementary Schoolgirls.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Examined familial and peer correlates of eating attitudes in 38 American and 70 Japanese preadolescent girls. Responses showed correlates of eating attitudes shared by American and Japanese girls were self-perception of being overweight, number of friends dieting, and frequency of talking with mother about food and diet. Japanese girls were more…

    Mukai, Takayo; McCloskey, Laura A.

    1996-01-01

    316

    Japanese Bibliographic Information--Its Control and Standardisation.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Describes the history and current status of bibliographic control in Japanese libraries, including the necessity for standardizing the combination of Japanese phonetic script and Chinese characters. The results of a survey of bibliographic activities and library automation are presented, and a developing plan to establish Japanese bibliographic…

    Maruyama, Shojiro

    1987-01-01

    317

    MODERN JAPANESE, A BASIC READER. VOLUME I, VOCABULARIES AND NOTES.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    THIS TWO-VOLUME TEXTBOOK WAS WRITTEN TO OFFER A RAPID BUT THOROUGH INTRODUCTION TO WRITTEN JAPANESE. STUDENTS WHO HAVE ALREADY COMPLETED A BASIC COURSE IN SPOKEN JAPANESE WILL, UPON COMPLETION OF THIS READER, BE ABLE TO READ ORIGINAL JAPANESE BOOKS, MAGAZINES, AND NEWSPAPERS. VOLUME I INCLUDES AN INTRODUCTION OUTLINING THE ORGANIZATION OF THE…

    HIBBETT, HOWARD; ITASAKA, GEN

    318

    Factor Structure of Japanese Versions of Two Emotional Intelligence Scales  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    This article reports the psychometric properties of two emotional intelligence measures translated into Japanese. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to examine the factor structure of a Japanese version of the Wong and Law Emotional Intelligence Scale (WLEIS) completed by 310 Japanese university students. A second study employed CFA…

    Fukuda, Eriko; Saklofske, Donald H.; Tamaoka, Katsuo; Fung, Tak Shing; Miyaoka, Yayoi; Kiyama, Sachiko

    2011-01-01

    319

    Japanese women studying abroad, the case of the United States  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    There is clear statistical evidence showing that increasing numbers of Japanese people in general, and young Japanese women in particular, are spending time abroad. Considering Japan's full integration into the global economy in an age of enhanced globalization characterized by economic development and unprecedented ease of travel, it is not surprising that the number of Japanese individuals working, studying and

    Hiroshi Ono; Nicola Piper

    2004-01-01

    320

    Japanese and American Cross-Cultural Business Pragmatics: A Study.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    A study examined the extent to which culture-specific traits persist or change in American and Japanese business people who interact in business. Data were drawn from 13 interviews with both Japanese and American employees of Japanese companies. Interviewees were asked about their perceptions or stereotypes of people from the other culture before…

    Chen, H. Julie; Cramer, Peter K.; Kojima, Toshihisa

    321

    Japanese beetle management 2011 ICM Conference, Ames Iowa  

    E-print Network

    Chafer European Chafer Asiatic Garden Oriental Black Ataenius #12;Japanese beetle management 2011 ICMJapanese beetle management 2011 ICM Conference, Ames Iowa Japanese beetle biology and management #12;Japanese beetle management 2011 ICM Conference, Ames Iowa Outline · ID, life cycle, biology

    Jurenka, Russell A.

    322

    Re-finding Place: The American Japanese Garden  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Japanese gardens embody a distinct appeal and value as prominent and esteemed aspects of Japanese culture; yet, the precise qualities that allow for these gardens, as a whole, to maintain and perpetuate this renowned cultural status remains indeterminate. By investigating the symbolic meaning and consumption patterns associated with the overall Japanese garden space in both Japan and in the United

    Angelica Rockquemore

    2010-01-01

    323

    Social networks and the maintenance of conformity: Japanese sojourner women  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Most of the literature about Japanese social relationships focuses on men in organizational settings. However, this study used intensive interviewing to examine the nature, structure and function of social relationships among the spouses of Japanese expatriates. The Japanese women in these samples were found to engage in complex, highly regulated, complicated and obligatory relationships through their primary affiliation with other

    Denise Saint Arnault; Deborah J. Roles

    2012-01-01

    324

    Social networks and the maintenance of conformity: Japanese sojourner women  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Most of the literature about Japanese social relationships focuses on men in organizational settings. However, this study used intensive interviewing to examine the nature, structure and function of social relationships among the spouses of Japanese expatriates. The Japanese women in these samples were found to engage in complex, highly regulated, complicated and obligatory relationships through their primary affiliation with other

    Denise Saint Arnault; Deborah J Roles

    2011-01-01

    325

    Hotel Employees' Japanese Language Experiences: Implications and Suggestions.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Analyzes the Japanese language learning experiences of 13 hotel employees in Guam. Results of the study present implications and suggestions for a Japanese language program for the hotel industry. The project began as a result of hotel employees frustrations when they were unable to communicate effectively with their Japanese guests. (Auth/JL)

    Makita-Discekici, Yasuko

    1998-01-01

    326

    A look at the SRS synthesis rules for Japanese  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    SRS (Speech Research System), Hertz's interactive synthesis rule development system [1], has been used recently to develop a set of phoneme-based rules for Japanese. This paper describes these rules, showing how they transform text through successive stages to produce natural-sounding Japanese utterances. Although the paper presents our overall synthesis strategy for Japanese, it leans quite heavily in its examples toward

    Susan R. Hertz; Mary Beckman

    1983-01-01

    327

    Kids Explore America's Japanese American Heritage. Westridge Young Writers Workshop.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    This book was written by 94 students, aged 8-14, at Westridge Elementary School (Littleton, Colorado) during a summer enrichment class. The book was written for anyone who wants to learn about Japanese-American culture and heritage. Chapter 1 gives an overview of Japanese history before American contact, the immigration of Japanese to America, the…

    Jefferson County School District R-1, Denver, CO.

    328

    Languages for Travel Industry Managers: Focus on Japanese.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Describes courses that were developed for travel industry management degree programs to teach French, Spanish, Japanese, and Mandarin. Discusses the development of these programs, focusing on the Japanese courses. Explains the type of background information that was collected prior to developing materials for the first- and second-year Japanese

    Hijirida, Kyoko; Iwamura, Susan Grohs

    1986-01-01

    329

    Getting America Ready for Japanese Science and Technology.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    The proceedings of a conference on the development of language capabilities to prepare United States scientists to share in scientific and technological development with Japan include these papers: "Are Japanese Language Programs Reaching Scientists and Engineers?"; "Japanese Language Study for Engineers: High Tech Perspectives"; "Applied Japanese

    Morse, Ronald A., Ed.; Samuels, Richard J., Ed.

    330

    The Japanese Automobile Worker: A Microcosm of Japan's Success.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    A teaching unit on the Japanese automobile worker was developed from a compilation of on-site interviews with Japanese company managers and production line employees, and official publications of the Japanese car industry. The unit is designed to present a balanced picture of Japan's economic success and labor relations and to develop global…

    Kaderabeck, Elizabeth A.

    331

    The Influence of Sanskrit on the Japanese Sound Systems.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    The Japanese syllabary of today would probably not exist in its present arrangement had it not been for Sanskrit studies in Japan. Scholars of ancient Japan extracted from the Devanagari those sounds which corresponded to sounds in Japanese and arranged the Japanese syllabary in the devanagari order. First appearing in a document dated 1204, this…

    Buck, James H.

    332

    Evidence of a Consonant Shift in 7th Century Japanese.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    This paper attempts to certify that certain changes in voicing and aspiration, namely the shift from Kan'on to Go'on, occurred during the proto-Japanese period. Based on Middle Chinese data, proto-Korean-Japanese systems, Tibetan transcriptions of Chinese texts, and internal Japanese evidence, the authors date the transition roughly in the 7th…

    Ramsey, S. Robert; Unger, J. Marshall

    333

    Anglo-Japanese Naval Cooperation, 1914-1918  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Focuses on the cooperation between British and Japanese naval forces in World War I (WWI) from 1914 to 1918. Historical account of Japanese involvement in WWI as a jackal state; Accounts on the Japanese naval assistance to allied operations in the Mediterranean Sea; Alliance of Japan with Great Britain to pursue an expansionist policy designed to increase territorial gains.

    Timothy D. Saxon

    2000-01-01

    334

    Different time management behaviors of Germans, Chinese and Japanese  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    We are studying how to design a collaborative time management system to facilitate intercultural collaborations considering cultural differences. In this paper, we present the results of a pilot study comparing time management behaviors of Germans, Chinese and Japanese. The results revealed that Germans and Japanese use time management mechanics and goal setting and priorities more frequently than Chinese. Japanese and

    Pei-Luen Patrick Rau; Jun Liu; Stephan Verhasselt; Toshikazu Kato; Christopher M. Schlick

    2011-01-01

    335

    Telescience testbed result for Japanese experiment module  

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    The first telescience testbed experiments for the Japanese Experiment Module (JEM) of the Space Station Freedom, conducted after the three year studies of its system requirements, are described. Three experiment themes of the First Material Processing Test (FMPT) of the Japanese Spacelab Mission are chosen for estimating communications requirements between the JEM and a ground station. A paper folding experiment is used to examine instruction aspects of onboard manual processing and onboard coaching. More than 10 principal investigators partipated in the experiments and were requested to answer a rating questionnaire for data acquisition. The results extracted from the questionnaire are summarized.

    Matsumoto, K.; Higuchi, K.; Kimura, H.; Takeda, N.; Matsubara, S.; Izumita, M.; Toyama, Y.; Kato, M.; Kato, H.

    1990-10-01

    336

    Care Management Propagation: Japanese Quail (Coturnix)  

    E-print Network

    Japanese quail eggs and meat-hard-boiled, pickled quail eggs are popular as hors d'oe~ivres, and barbecued or charcoal-broiled quail are a delicious treat. HISTORY The Japanese quail (Cotztrtlis cotrcmis j(iponicu) was imported into the United States....8 hours bcforc. \\(>I\\ IIIS Place 2 to 5 dozen quail eggs in cool \\\\ '1tc.r \\r ~t', pinch of salt and bring to a boil. Boil for 5 rnin,~tt>\\ ~ntl frequently to prevent yolks from settlinq to orlcl {ir!~ Pour off hot water and cool under runninq u,ttt2r...

    Cain, J. R.; Cawley, W. O.

    1972-01-01

    337

    Utilization survey of prototype structural test article  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    A survey was conducted of six aerospace companies and two NASA agencies to determine how prototype structural test articles are used in flight operations. The prototype structures are airframes and similar devices which are used for testing and generally are not flown. The survey indicated the following: (1) prototype test articles are not being discarded after development testing is complete, but are used for other purposes, (2) only two cases of prototypes being refurbished and flown were identified, (3) protective devices and inspection techniques are available to prevent or minimize test article damage, (4) substitute programs from design verification are availabel in lieu of using prototype structural articles, and (5) there is a trend away from dedicated test articles. Four options based on these study results were identified to reduce test and hardware costs without compromising reliability of the flight program.

    Baber, S.; Mcdaniel, H. M.; Berry, M. J.

    1974-01-01

    338

    Mars Spark Source Prototype Developed  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    The Mars Spark Source Prototype (MSSP) hardware was developed as part of a proof of concept system for the detection of trace metals such as lead, cadmium, and arsenic in Martian dusts and soils. A spark discharge produces plasma from a soil sample, and detectors measure the optical emission from metals in the plasma to identify and quantify them. Trace metal measurements are vital in assessing whether or not the Martian environment will be toxic to human explorers. The current method of x-ray fluorescence can yield concentrations of major species only. Other instruments are incompatible with the volume, weight, and power constraints for a Mars mission. The new instrument will be developed primarily for use in the Martian environment, but it would be adaptable for terrestrial use in environmental monitoring. The NASA Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field initiated the development of the MSSP as part of Glenn's Director's Discretionary Fund project for the Spark Analysis Detection of Trace Metal Species in Martian Dusts and Soils. The objective of this project is to develop and demonstrate a compact, sensitive optical instrument for the detection of trace hazardous metals in Martian dusts and soils.

    Eichenberg, Dennis J.; Lindamood, Glenn R.; VanderWal, Randall L.; Weiland, Karen J.

    2000-01-01

    339

    Wireless Augmented Reality Prototype (WARP)  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Initiated in January, 1997, under NASA's Office of Life and Microgravity Sciences and Applications, the Wireless Augmented Reality Prototype (WARP) is a means to leverage recent advances in communications, displays, imaging sensors, biosensors, voice recognition and microelectronics to develop a hands-free, tetherless system capable of real-time personal display and control of computer system resources. Using WARP, an astronaut may efficiently operate and monitor any computer-controllable activity inside or outside the vehicle or station. The WARP concept is a lightweight, unobtrusive heads-up display with a wireless wearable control unit. Connectivity to the external system is achieved through a high-rate radio link from the WARP personal unit to a base station unit installed into any system PC. The radio link has been specially engineered to operate within the high- interference, high-multipath environment of a space shuttle or space station module. Through this virtual terminal, the astronaut will be able to view and manipulate imagery, text or video, using voice commands to control the terminal operations. WARP's hands-free access to computer-based instruction texts, diagrams and checklists replaces juggling manuals and clipboards, and tetherless computer system access allows free motion throughout a cabin while monitoring and operating equipment.

    Devereaux, A. S.

    1999-01-01

    340

    Construction of Prototype Lightweight Mirrors  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    This contract and the work described was in support of a Seven Segment Demonstrator (SSD) and demonstration of a different technology for construction of lightweight mirrors. The objectives of the SSD were to demonstrate functionality and performance of a seven segment prototype array of hexagonal mirrors and supporting electromechanical components which address design issues critical to space optics deployed in large space based telescopes for astronomy and for optics used in spaced based optical communications systems. The SSD was intended to demonstrate technologies which can support the following capabilities; Transportation in dense packaging to existing launcher payload envelopes, then deployable on orbit to form space telescope with large aperture. Provide very large (less than 10 meters) primary reflectors of low mass and cost. Demonstrate the capability to form a segmented primary or quaternary mirror into a quasi-continuous surface with individual subapertures phased so that near diffraction limited imaging in the visible wavelength region is achieved. Continuous compensation of optical wavefront due to perturbations caused by imperfections, natural disturbances, and equipment induced vibrations/deflections to provide near diffraction limited imaging performance in the visible wavelength region. Demonstrate the feasibility of fabricating such systems with reduced mass and cost compared to past approaches. While the SSD could not be expected to satisfy all of the above capabilities, the intent was to start identifying and understanding new technologies that might be applicable to these goals.

    Robinson, William G.

    1997-01-01

    341

    Healthy Buildings?  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Health problems related to school buildings can be categorized in five major areas: sick-building syndrome; health-threatening building materials; environmental hazards such as radon gas and asbestos; lead poisoning; and poor indoor air quality due to smoke, chemicals, and other pollutants. This paper provides an overview of these areas,…

    Grubb, Deborah

    342

    Building Resonance  

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This demonstration of how buildings respond to seismic shaking uses cardboard and stiff paper (such as postcards or computer cards). The effects of building resonance can be found by experimenting with taller and shorter buildings, and varying the frequency of shaking.

    Barker, Jeffrey

    343

    SIMULATION SUPPORT IN DESIGNING THE TRANSFORMATION OF URBAN BUILDING STOCK AND ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    The transition of the urban building stock and infrastructure to sustainable forms is a key challenge in modern planning. The purpose of this paper is to propose a simulation model for energy use in the Japanese commercial sector. This model enables a user to consider a variety of energy-management concepts and discuss how urban building stock and infrastructure can be

    Yohei Yamaguchi; Yoshiyuki Shimoda; Minoru Mizuno

    344

    Modalities of infant-mother interaction in Japanese, Japanese American immigrant, and European American dyads.  

    PubMed

    Cultural variation in relations and moment-to-moment contingencies of infant-mother person-oriented and object-oriented interactions were compared in 118 Japanese, Japanese American immigrant, and European American dyads with 5.5-month-olds. Infant and mother person-oriented behaviors were related in all cultural groups, but infant and mother object-oriented behaviors were related only among European Americans. Infant and mother behaviors within each modality were mutually contingent in all groups. Culture moderated lead-lag relations: Japanese infants were more likely than their mothers to respond in object-oriented interactions; European American mothers were more likely than their infants to respond in person-oriented interactions. Japanese American dyads behaved like European American dyads. Interactions, infant effects, and parent socialization findings are set in cultural and accultural models of infant-mother transactions. PMID:22860874

    Bornstein, Marc H; Cote, Linda R; Haynes, O Maurice; Suwalsky, Joan T D; Bakeman, Roger

    2012-11-01

    345

    The transformation of the Japanese commercial code and its impact on the Japanese economy  

    E-print Network

    The legal system is an essential basis of the society and economy of every country, and it changes continually in accordance with national social and economic situations. The Japanese Commercial Code is no exception. One ...

    Yoshida, Toshihiro, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    346

    Determining fabrication orientations for rapid prototyping with Stereolithography apparatus  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Traditionally, prototypes are built manually by skilled workers with the help of machine tools, which is very time consuming. The advent of rapid prototyping technology greatly eases the effort required for making prototypes. In this research we investigate geometric issues involved while using a particular rapid prototyping system, called Stereolithography Apparatus (SLA). SLA creates prototypes layer by layer, each layer

    Po-ting Lan; Shuo-yan Chou; Lin-lin Chen; Douglas Gemmill

    1997-01-01

    347

    Requirements Elicitation Using a Combination of Prototypes and Scenarios  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A survey of different types of prototypes and current prototyping methods is presented. Especially the usage of prototypes with use cases and sce- narios is investigated, and an approach to requirements engineering combining the systematic use of prototyping and use cases is described. The approach con- sists of repeated prototype demonstration sessions with stakeholders in which use cases represented by

    Markus Mannio; Uolevi Nikula

    2001-01-01

    348

    Japanese Gay Magazines and Marriage Advertisements  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Among other functions, Japanese gay magazines inform readers about gay meeting places, provide a masturbation aid, let readers know that they are not alone, and give an image of gay men different from the mainstream media, which often confuses homosexuals with transvestites. Unfortunately, gay magazines also present an image that is not entirely positive, i.e., gay men as sex maniacs.

    Wim Lunsing

    1995-01-01

    349

    Learning Intelligent Genetic Algorithms Using Japanese Nonograms  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    An intelligent genetic algorithm (IGA) is proposed to solve Japanese nonograms and is used as a method in a university course to learn evolutionary algorithms. The IGA combines the global exploration capabilities of a canonical genetic algorithm (CGA) with effective condensed encoding, improved fitness function, and modified crossover and…

    Tsai, Jinn-Tsong; Chou, Ping-Yi; Fang, Jia-Cen

    2012-01-01

    350

    Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Trials of Japanese Universities  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    This article examines the Japanese response in terms of innovation capacity and entrepreneurship enhancement under the ever-changing economic environment. Particular focus would go to the interactions among government, industry and universities in the national innovation system at a macro level, and entrepreneurship education at the institutional…

    Shi, Lili; Yonezawa, Akiyoshi

    2012-01-01

    351

    Immunotoxicity of Trenbolone Acetate in Japanese Quail  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Trenbolone acetate is a synthetic androgen that is currently used as a growth promoter in many meat-exporting countries. Despite industry laboratories classifying trenbolone as nonteratogenic, data showed that embryonic exposure to this androgenic chemical altered development of the immune system in Japanese quail. Trenbolone is lipophilic, persistent, and released into the environment in manure used as soil fertilizer. This is

    Michael James Quinn; Moira McKernan; Emma T. Lavoie; Mary Ann Ottinger

    2006-01-01

    352

    Comprehension of Temporal Sentences by Japanese Children.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    A study investigated Japanese 3-to-5-year-olds' comprehension of sentences using the temporal terms "before" and "after" and examined whether contextual information helped the children respond correctly. The children were asked to perform a task with a toy either before or after performing another task with a different toy. Some children were…

    Nakayama, Mineharu; Enomoto, Noriko

    353

    The Virtual Museum of Japanese Arts  

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This website of traditional Japanese treasures and culture was produced for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan and is a virtual museum that includes physical objects and other more intangible items of cultural patrimony, such as fighting styles and performance art. Visitors can scroll over any of the seven "galleries" to read a description of what types of work are contained within. The "Fine Arts" gallery is defined as those visual arts primarily concerned with the creation of beauty, such as architecture and gardens, painting, sculpture, and Ukiyoe. Upon choosing a section of the gallery, visitors can click on it, see examples of the art form, and read about the history of these traditions. The "Cafe" gallery is particularly interesting, and it is described as a "'refreshment space'...to enjoy learning more about the Japanese culture and traditions from many exotic perspectives." The Virtual Museum Theatre allows visitors to watch "Movies of Japanese Festivals" and "Movies of Japanese Martial Arts". An exhibit of Wagashi representing all seasons of the year, and celebrations, is worth a look and can also be found in the "Cafe" gallery. [KMG

    354

    Japanese International Students' Attitudes toward Acquaintance Rape.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    This study looked at the influence of an Asian sociocultural variable, loss of face or social integrity, as a predictor of perceptions of acquaintance rape among Japanese students. In addition to the expected associations between gender, sexism, and perceptions of rape, loss of face was predicted to interact with the perpetrator's reference group…

    Motoike, Janice; Stockdale, Margaret

    355

    Predictability, Importance, and Case Marking in Japanese.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    This study examines the object case markings "o" and "ga" in Japanese with respect to the degree of predictability. A speaker who assumes that the listener will have difficulty identifying the referent, tends to use a construction type that enables the listener to uniquely identify the referent. This notion of predictability is investigated on two…

    Yanagida, Yuko

    356

    Religious Education in Japanese Public Schools.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reviews government-controlled religious education in Japanese public schools. States that, although teaching a specific religion in public schools is prohibited, instruction in various religions and moral education is seen as contributing to a complete education. Cites examples of religion appearing in social studies curriculum. (DB)

    Tsuchiyama, Bokumin; Aljets, Merritt G.

    1989-01-01

    357

    Japanese vs. Caucasian Intelligence and Social Attainment.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Summarizes a series of studies from the Hawaii Family Study of Cognition on possible genetic and social environmental determinants of individual differences in and racial/ethnic differences between groups on intelligence and attainment. These studies, which focused on Japanese and Caucasian Americans, illustrate the complex, interactive, and…

    Nagoshi, Craig T.

    1998-01-01

    358

    Japanese for Business Purposes: A Simulation Approach.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    An innovative curriculum at New York University (NYU) for teaching business Japanese is described. Theoretical foundations for the approach used are reviewed, including research on language simplification and comprehensible input for classroom learning, the concept of importing the real world into classroom interaction, the role of specific tasks…

    Urabe, Sadako

    359

    JAPANESE OYSTER-CULTURE. By BASHFORD DEAN,  

    E-print Network

    JAPANESE OYSTER-CULTURE. By BASHFORD DEAN, Adjunct Professor hI Zoology, Columbia UniiJersity. European oyster-culture, especially as practiced in France and Holland, is gen- erally regarded as the most methods are the most perfect which produce the greatest number of oysters in a given area-we can

    360

    The Japanese Preschool System in Transition  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    This article is an anthropological analysis of the recent policy reforms of the Japanese preschool system. It takes the introduction of the "nintei-kodomoen" ("accredited children's centre") as a point of entry to discuss the historical, social and political debates concerning early childhood education and care. The "dual system" which…

    Imoto, Yuki

    2007-01-01

    361

    An Inquiry into Japanese Landscape Garden Design  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Formal European gardens tend to be rigid and symmetrical. In contrast to this, oriental gardens are very subtle, refined, and attuned to natural surroundings. The Japanese gardener strives for a harmonious relationship between nature and man, a concept with roots in Taoism, Shinto, and Buddhism. Seven basic principles are traditionally incorporated into the garden: symmetry (fukinsei), simplicity (kanso), austerity (koko),

    Karen S. Jore

    1978-01-01

    362

    Trends and Determinants of Japanese Saving Rates  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    We project the future trends of the japanese saving rates with special emphasis on an analysis of the consumption and saving behavior of the household sector. Notable feature of our modeling is that savings are divided into financial and real savings components. This approach is useful since the motivations for savings depends on what life stage the household stands and

    K. Ogawa; K. Abe

    1998-01-01

    363

    Preliminary Study of Attenuated Japanese Encephalitis Virus.  

    National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

    An attenuated strain of Japanese encephalitis virus, TWN-21, was derived from the parent strain, HV-1, by 17 continuous passages in hamster diploid cell cultures and purified by isolation of a least virulent clone. The strain is characterized by low neuro...

    G. C. Y. Lee, Y. T. Huang, L. C. Chang

    1975-01-01

    364

    Pragmatic Implicatures and Particles in Japanese  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    This study investigates the properties of particles in Japanese from a pragmatic viewpoint. The main target of analysis is "wa" and "ga", which are regarded as a topic and nominative marker respectively. The research is based on the pragmatic theory proposed by Levinson (2000). This dissertation consists of three parts as follows. The first…

    Kimura, Kazunori

    2011-01-01

    365

    Radiological and neurophysiological changes in Japanese encephalitis  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Six patients with Japanese encephalitis, four males and two females whose age ranged between 2 and 47 years, were subjected to neurophysiological and radiological studies. An EEG in five of the patients showed diffuse delta wave activity and one had an alpha coma. Delta activity seems to be due to thalamic involvement, which was seen on CT of two and

    U K Misra; J Kalita; S K Jain; A Mathur

    1994-01-01

    366

    Allergic mucocutaneous reactions to Japanese encephalitis vaccine  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Japanese encephalitis (JE) vaccine has been used in childhood immunization programmes in Asia for many years. Also travellers from other parts of the world have been vaccinated before travelling in Asian countries. Recommendations for the use of JE vaccine are still debated because severe cases of adverse reactions have been reported. In Denmark an inactivated JE vaccine derived from infected

    Anne-Marie Plesner; Tove Rřnne

    1997-01-01

    367

    Japanese-American Internment. A Historical Reader.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    This Historical Reader on "Japanese American Internment" in World War II introduces students to key events and issues during the period through the voices of people with firsthand experienced. Source documents and illustrations are arranged in chronological order and/or thematic units that establish context. Each selection is followed by critical…

    2000

    368

    Evidence for Subject Raising in Japanese.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    This discussion considers the process of subject raising, which takes the constituent subject out of the complement clause and makes it a constituent of the matrix clause and the occurrence of this process in Japanese and in other subject-object-verb (SOV) languages. The first part of the paper demonstrates why subject raising is not a common…

    Kuno, Susumu

    1972-01-01

    369

    Influence of Water Stress on Japanese Mint  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Changes in plant growth and development, micronutrient accumulation, and essential oil yield and composition were studied in Japanese mint (Mentha arvensis L. cv. MS 77) growing under selected water stresses from deficiency to sufficiency. Water stress resulted in significant reductions in CO2 exchange rate, total assimilatory area, fresh and dry matter, chlorophyll, carotenoids, Fe, Mn, Zn, and essential oil yield.

    A. Misra; N. K. Srivastava

    2000-01-01

    370

    Ijime: The Bullying of Japanese Youth.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    "Ijime," which means the intimidation of the weakest people in a social group, has become prevalent in the Japanese educational system. Between April and October of 1985, 155,066 cases of bullying were reported in Japan's schools. The education council cites the rigorous discipline measures undertaken by teachers as the cause of rising violence by…

    Schoolland, Ken

    1986-01-01

    371

    A Japanese approach for CKD-MBD  

    PubMed Central

    Disturbances in mineral and bone metabolism have a critical role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular complications in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The term ‘renal osteodystrophy' has recently been replaced by ‘CKD-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD)', which includes abnormalities in bone and mineral metabolism and vascular calcification. The Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy clinical practice guideline for the management of secondary hyperparathyroidism in chronic dialysis patients was originally published in Japanese in 2006, then in English in 2008. During the past 5 years, this first guideline has contributed to a considerably better understanding and control of secondary hyperparathyroidism in CKD patients by physicians, other medical professionals, and the patients themselves. However, since its publication several new therapeutic modalities have become available for Japanese dialysis patients, which added more evidence to this area. Thus, we revised the guideline to include several new policies, and the new guideline was published in Japanese in 2012. This article contains the new guideline text, and clinical significance of CKD-MBD in Japan. PMID:25019029

    Yokoyama, Keitaro; Taniguchi, Masatomo; Fukagawa, Masafumi

    2013-01-01

    372

    Facial soft tissue thickness in Japanese children  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Facial reconstruction techniques used in forensic anthropology are based on mean soft tissue thickness measurements. Numerous studies of facial tissue thickness in adults have been published on a range of subjects from different ancestral backgrounds. Data on facial thickness in children derive primarily from Caucasoid, African-American, and Hispanic subjects. There are limited data from the few studies of Japanese children

    Hajime Utsuno; Toru Kageyama; Keiichi Uchida; Mineo Yoshino; Hiroo Miyazawa; Katsuhiro Inoue

    2010-01-01

    373

    American versus Japanese Consumer Decision Making  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    An exploratory study of the way consumers describe their decision-making processes seeks to identify distinctive verbal patterns that vary by cultural background. Transcipts from 28 American and 24 Japanese discussion groups were analyzed through a content analysis to discover if the need recognition, information search, alternative evaluation, purchase, and postpurchase stages are influenced by where people are socialized into their

    William J. McDonald

    1995-01-01

    374

    Japanese American Internment: A Historical Narrative.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maintains that little is written for elementary and middle school students about the World War II Japanese internment camps. Asserts that the issue can help teach about democratic principles and citizenship. Presents a role-playing dialog on the topic and includes recommended materials for students and teachers. (CFR)

    Pickering, Susan M.; Walker, Lori B.

    1995-01-01

    375

    NEWS AND INFORMATION: Japanese atomic bomb survivors  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Three papers concerning the risks of radiation exposure experienced by the Japanese survivors of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki have been published recently. John Cologne and Dale Preston (2000 Lancet 356 303-7) have examined claims that survivors who received low doses have a greater life expectancy than their unexposed peers, suggesting that low doses may be protective. The

    Richard Wakeford

    2000-01-01

    376

    Nationalism and Worldmindedness: Japanese Versus American Comparison.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nationalism and worldmindedness are social cognitions that have both culture-unique and culture-universal aspects. To compare cross-cultural manifestations of these 2 sentiments, 270 Japanese and 210 American university students in Tokyo and Los Angeles answered questions on national resources, self-sufficiency and interdependence, communication,…

    Der-Karabetian, Aghop; And Others

    377

    Sexuality in American and Japanese Comic Books  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Comic books are popular both in America and Japan. Two hundred million comic books are sold every year in the United States. 1 On an average year, 1.9 billon manga are purchased by the Japanese - or fifteen comics for every man, woman and child residing in these islands in 1995. 2 This figure does not include amateur publications -

    Genevieve Petty

    2004-01-01

    378

    Gender Stereotypes in Japanese Television Advertisements  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    The aim of this study was to reveal gender portrayal types in Japanese television advertisements through content analysis. Five hundred and thirty-one adult main characters were coded for sex, age, ethnic background, credibility, role, place, dress, background, persuasion type, camera work, camera angle, product type, target, and sex of voice-over. Five types were found by performing quick cluster analysis: “beautiful

    Akie N. Arima

    2003-01-01

    379

    Can the Japanese Change Their Education System?  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    The nine papers included in this book are: "The Why, What and How of Educational Reform in Japan" (Roger Goodman); "Why Reform Japanese Education?" (William K. Cummings); "Destruction and Reconstruction: A Comparative Analysis of the Education Reform in Japan and Germany under the U.S. Military Occupation After World War Two" (Masako Shibata);…

    Goodman, Roger, Ed.; Phillips, David, Ed.

    380

    Evaluation of a prototype infrasound system  

    SciTech Connect

    Under Department of Energy sponsorship, Sandia National Laboratories and Los Alamos National Laboratory cooperated to develop a prototype infrasonic array, with associated documentation, that could be used as part of the International Monitoring System. The United States Government or foreign countries could procure commercially available systems based on this prototype to fulfill their Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) obligations. The prototype is a four-element array in a triangular layout as recommended in CD/NTB/WP.224 with an element at each corner and one in the center. The prototype test configuration utilize an array spacing of 1 km. The prototype infrasound system has the following objectives: (1) Provide a prototype that reliably acquires and transmits near real-time infrasonic data to facilitate the rapid location and identification of atmospheric events. (2) Provide documentation that could be used by the United States and foreign countries to procure infrasound systems commercially to fulfill their CTBT responsibilities. Infrasonic monitoring is an effective, low cost technology for detecting atmospheric explosions. The low frequency components of explosion signals propagate to long ranges (few thousand kilometers) where they can be detected with an array of sensors. Los Alamos National Laboratory`s expertise in infrasound systems and phenomenology when combined with Sandia`s expertise in providing verification quality system for treaty monitoring make an excellent team to provide the prototype infrasound sensor system. By September 1997, the prototype infrasound system will have been procured, integrated, evaluated and documented. Final documentation will include a system requirements document, an evaluation report and a hardware design document. The hardware design document will describe the various hardware components used in the infrasound prototype and their interrelationships.

    Whitaker, R.; Sandoval, T. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Breding, D.; Kromer, D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [and others

    1997-08-01

    381

    NIF/LMJ prototype amplifier mechanical design  

    SciTech Connect

    Amplifier prototypes for the National Ignition Facility and the Laser Megajoule will be tested at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The prototype amplifier, which is an ensemble of modules from LLNL and Centre d`Etudes de Limeil-Valenton, is cassette-based with bottom access for maintenance. A sealed maintenance transfer vehicle which moves optical cassettes between the amplifier and the assembly cleanroom, and a vacuum gripper which holds laser slabs during cassette assembly will also be tested. The prototype amplifier will be used to verify amplifier optical performance, thermal recovery time, and cleanliness of mechanical operations.

    Horvath, J.

    1996-10-01

    382

    Prototype testing for the Yucca Mountain Project  

    SciTech Connect

    The US Department of Energy, through its Yucca Mountain Project Office, has been conducting prototype activities in welded and non-welded tuff. These activities are in preparation for characterization of the Yucca Mountain area, which is under consideration as a site for a geologic repository in which high-level nuclear waste could be safely stored. Investigators from organizations that will conduct the site investigation have been afforded opportunity, through the prototype program, to test, evaluate, and develop instruments, equipment, and methods. The Exploratory Shaft Facility will be used to collect significant amounts of underground site characterization data. The prototype tests are conducted under similar conditions. 3 refs., 4 figs.

    Kalia, H.N.; Oliver, R.D. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA); Girdley, W.A. [USDOE Nevada Operations Office, Las Vegas, NV (USA). Yucca Mountain Project Office

    1990-02-01

    383

    Multi-objective optimization of part- building orientation in stereolithography  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    In rapid prototyping, such as SLA (stereolithography apparatus) and FDM (fused deposition modelling), the orientation of the part during fabrication is critical as it can affect part accuracy, reduce the production time, and minimize the requirement for supports and, thus, the cost of building the model. Presents a multi-objective approach for determining the optimal part-building orientation. Considers different objectives such

    W. Cheng; J. Y. H. Fuh; A. Y. C. Nee; Y. S. Wong; H. T. Loh; T. Miyazawa

    1995-01-01

    384

    DCaseLP: a Prototyping Environment for Multilingual Agent Systems  

    E-print Network

    - vantages of rapid prototyping in AOSE. Keywords. Multi-Agent System, Multilinguality, Agent-Oriented Software Engineering, Rapid Prototyping. 1 Introduction The correct and efficient engineeringDCaseLP: a Prototyping Environment for Multilingual Agent Systems Ivana Gungui, Maurizio Martelli

    Mascardi, Viviana

    385

    Hybrid rapid prototyping system using machining and deposition Junghoon Hura  

    E-print Network

    Hybrid rapid prototyping system using machining and deposition Junghoon Hura , Kunwoo Leeb,*, Zhu; accepted 11 September 2001 Abstract Many rapid prototyping (RP) systems are commercially available reserved. Keywords: Rapid technologies; Hybrid rapid prototyping; Material deposition; Free-form surface

    Kim, Jongwon

    386

    The association of drinking levels and drinking attitudes among Japanese in Japan and Japanese-Americans in Hawaii and California.  

    PubMed

    This study examined cross-cultural differences in drinking attitudes and drinking levels and their correlation among Japanese in Japan and Japanese-Americans in Hawaii or California. In most situations, an increase in drinking levels was associated with more tolerant drinking attitudes in all three groups. Abstainers were less likely to say that getting drunk is sometimes all right, whereas the reverse was true for heavier drinkers. Drinking levels among Japanese, especially among Japanese women, were not highly associated with how much drinking was perceived as acceptable in each situation, whereas among Japanese-Americans, drinking levels were highly associated with drinking attitudes. Although the Japanese had generally tolerant attitudes toward drinking, they indicated higher abstention rates before driving than Japanese-Americans regardless of their drinking levels. This may reflect the impact of public education on drunken driving in Japan. PMID:1504641

    Parrish, K M; Higuchi, S; Stinson, F S; Towle, L H; Dufour, M C; Harford, T C

    1992-01-01

    387

    Rapid prototyping of radar algorithms [Applications Corner  

    E-print Network

    Rapid prototyping of advanced signal processing algorithms is critical to developing new radars. Signal processing engineers usually use high level languages like MATLAB, IDL, or Python to develop advanced algorithms and ...

    Reuther, Albert I.

    388

    Workshop: Exploring participatory prototyping of services  

    E-print Network

    This full day workshop intends to explore approaches, methods and techniques that can be used in participatory prototyping of services. The participants will contribute with their experiences of different ways of working with participatory prototyping. During the workshop the participants will share, explore and give feedback on the method or case that they present. By engaging in other methods there will also be a learning activity. Another aim of the workshop is to initiate research and development of knowledge within the emerging field of participatory prototyping of services and product service systems. One particular interest regards the relation between details and “the whole”. The emphasis of the workshop is to have creative learning experiences. Author Keywords Participatory prototyping, participatory design, service

    Linköpings Universitet; Stefan Holmlid; Linköpings Universitet; Fredrik Sandberg; Bo Westerlund

    389

    Prototype bucket foundation for wind turbines  

    E-print Network

    Report No. 9 Aalborg University Department of Civil Engineering Division of Water and Soil Prototype of this kind contain confidential matter and are reserved for the sponsors and the DCE. Therefore, Contract

    390

    Investigation of the Helios Prototype Aircraft Mishap  

    E-print Network

    Investigation of the Helios Prototype Aircraft Mishap Volume I Mishap Report Thomas E. Noll NASA ­ Mishap Report SECTION TITLE PAGE Acknowledgements Description of Mishap........................................... 31 8 Independent Analyses and Tests

    391

    Rapid Production of Composite Prototype Hardware  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    The objective of this research was to provide a mechanism to cost-effectively produce composite hardware prototypes. The task was to take a hands-on approach to developing new technologies that could benefit multiple future programs.

    DeLay, T. K.

    2000-01-01

    392

    The CALICE hadron scintillator tile calorimeter prototype  

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    The CALICE Collaboration develops high granularity calorimeters to achieve excellent energy resolution at ILC. One type is a four million channel scintillator tile Hadron Calorimeter (AHCAL) read out with novel photodetectors—Silicon PhotoMultipliers (SiPM). A 1 m 3 prototype with 7608 channels was built in order to test the Particle Flow concept and to gain experience with the novel techniques. The prototype and MEPhI/Pulsar SiPMs have demonstrated excellent performance and stability during several months of testing at CERN and FNAL in 2006-2008. Less than 0.08% of SiPMs are broken. The SiPM calibration and monitoring procedures have been developed. Improved SiPMs have been developed by CPTA for the next engineering prototype and their properties are discussed. This prototype will have very slim sensitive planes with electronics inside. It addresses all engineering issues relevant to the real calorimeter at ILC.

    Buanes, T.; Danilov, M.; Eigen, G.; Göttlicher, P.; Markin, O.; Reinecke, M.; Tarkovsky, E.; Calice Collaboration

    2010-11-01

    393

    Building Houses  

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Build a house you can fit inside, using cardboard tubes. Variations of this activity include building for a toy (easier) or building a house the right size for a stuffed animal or a garage for a toy car. Also included is an option to build houses inspired by those around the world (harder). This activity focuses on the understanding of sizes and shapes: Can I fit in this if I stand up? if I sit? Do we have enough cardboard tubes to make a triangular roof? This activity is available as a webpage and a downloadable pdf. Students should have the ability to use scissors and tape well.

    2010-01-01

    394

    Building Together  

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In this Bob the Builder(TM)-themed activity, learners explore what it means to work together as a team. Learners repeat the phrase âCan We Build It?(TM) Yes We Can!â until they can chant it together as a team. Then, learners repeat the chant at each activity station. Learners rotate through the stations where they build with blocks, LEGO® bricks or other small manipulatives, hammer nails and wood, pump with water, and construct a building site by moving sand with toy trucks. This activity is featured on page 9 of the "Bob the Builder(TM) â Project: Build It" unit of study.

    Indianapolis, The C.

    2006-01-01

    395

    Preliminary Component Integration Using Rapid Prototyping Techniques  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rapid prototyping is a very important tool that should be used by both design and manufacturing disciplines during the development of elements for the aerospace industry. It helps prevent lack of adequate communication between design and manufacturing engineers (which could lead to costly errors) through mutual consideration of functional models generated from drawings. Rapid prototyping techniques are used to test hardware for design and material compatibility at Marshall Space Flight Center.

    Cooper, Ken; Salvail, Pat; Gordon, Gail (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    396

    A knowledge based constructability analysis prototype  

    E-print Network

    A KNOWLEDGE BASED CONSTRUCTABILITY ANALYSIS PROTOTYPE A Thesis by LAURA JO WINTER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A8 M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December... 1988 Major Subject: Civil Engineering A KNOWLEDGE BASED CONSTRUCTABILITY ANALYSIS PROTOTYPE A Thesis by LAURA JO WINTER Approved as to style and content by: Davi Y. Chang (Chair of Committee) D. A. Vlatas (Member) James H. arsh, III (Member...

    Winter, Laura Jo

    2012-06-07

    397

    NEON Citizen Science: Planning and Prototyping  

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    The National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) will be a national resource for ecological research and education. NEON citizen science projects are being designed to increase awareness and educate citizen scientists about the impacts of climate change, land-use change, and invasive species on continental-scale ecological processes as well as expand NEON data collection capacity by enabling laypersons to collect geographically distributed data. The citizen science area of the NEON web portal will enable citizen scientists to collect, contribute, interpret, and visualize scientific data, as well as access training modules, collection protocols and targeted learning experiences related to citizen science project topics. For NEON, citizen science projects are a means for interested people to interact with and contribute to NEON science. Investigations at vast spatial and temporal scales often require rapid acquisition of large amounts of data from a geographically distributed population of "human sensors." As a continental-scale ecological observatory, NEON is uniquely positioned to develop strategies to effectively integrate data collected by non-scientists into scientific databases. Ultimately, we plan to work collaboratively to transform the practice of science to include "citizens" or non-scientists in the process. Doing science is not limited to scientists, and breaking down the barriers between scientists and citizens will help people better understand the power of using science in their own decision making. In preparation for fully developing the NEON citizen science program, we are partnering with Project BudBurst (PBB), a citizen science project focused on monitoring plant phenology. The educational goals of PBB are to: (1) increase awareness of climate change, (2) educate citizen scientists about the impacts of climate change on plants and the environment, and (3) increase science literacy by engaging participants in the scientific process. Phenology was chosen as the focus of this citizen science campaign because it is a visible and comprehensible way of demonstrating the effects of climate change. In addition, plants are readily accessible in nearly every neighborhood and park, and wild area across the continent, so people can make observations whether they live near an inner city park or in the rural countryside. Recently, NEON developed data visualization tools for Project BudBurst to engage citizen science participants in "doing science" beyond data collection. By prototyping NEON citizen science through Project BudBurst, NEON is developing a better understanding of how to build a citizen science program that addresses areas of awareness, mastery, and leadership of scientific information like that which NEON will produce over the next 30 years.

    Newman, S. J.; Henderson, S.; Gardiner, L. S.; Ward, D.; Gram, W.

    2011-12-01

    398

    MPACT Fast Neutron Multiplicity System Prototype Development  

    SciTech Connect

    This document serves as both an FY2103 End-of-Year and End-of-Project report on efforts that resulted in the design of a prototype fast neutron multiplicity counter leveraged upon the findings of previous project efforts. The prototype design includes 32 liquid scintillator detectors with cubic volumes 7.62 cm in dimension configured into 4 stacked rings of 8 detectors. Detector signal collection for the system is handled with a pair of Struck Innovative Systeme 16-channel digitizers controlled by in-house developed software with built-in multiplicity analysis algorithms. Initial testing and familiarization of the currently obtained prototype components is underway, however full prototype construction is required for further optimization. Monte Carlo models of the prototype system were performed to estimate die-away and efficiency values. Analysis of these models resulted in the development of a software package capable of determining the effects of nearest-neighbor rejection methods for elimination of detector cross talk. A parameter study was performed using previously developed analytical methods for the estimation of assay mass variance for use as a figure-of-merit for system performance. A software package was developed to automate these calculations and ensure accuracy. The results of the parameter study show that the prototype fast neutron multiplicity counter design is very nearly optimized under the restraints of the parameter space.

    D.L. Chichester; S.A. Pozzi; J.L. Dolan; M.T. Kinlaw; S.J. Thompson; A.C. Kaplan; M. Flaska; A. Enqvist; J.T. Johnson; S.M. Watson

    2013-09-01

    399

    Field evaluation of prototype electrofibrous filters  

    SciTech Connect

    New prototype electrofibrous filters were designed, built and evaluated in laboratory tests and in field installations. Two prototypes were designed for use in nuclear ventilation ducts as prefilters to HEPA filters. One prototype is designed to be a permanent component of the ventilation system while the other is a disposable unit. The disposable electrofibrous prefilter was installed in the exhaust stream of a glove box in which barrels of uranium turnings are burned. Preliminary tests show the disposal prefilter is effectively prolonging the HEPA filter life. An earlier prototype of the rolling prefilter was upgraded to meet the increased requirements for installation in a nuclear facility. This upgraded prototype was evaluated in the fire test facility at LLNL and shown to be effective in protecting HEPA filters from plugging under the most severe smoke conditions. The last prototype described in this report is a recirculating air filter. After demonstrating a high performance in laboratory tests the unit was shipped to Savannah River where it is awaiting installation in a Pu fuel fabrication facility. An analysis of the particulate problem in Savannah River indicates that four recirculating air filter will save $172,000 per year in maintenance costs.

    Kuhl, W.D.; Bergman, W.; Biermann, A.H.; Lum, B.Y.

    1982-09-30

    400

    Building Technology  

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    From residential houses to hundred-story skyscrapers, many different technologies come together to make a building safe and comfortable. Building design is a continually changing industry, and new advances are being made possible as research progresses.Sustainable development is gaining popularity worldwide in an effort to minimize environmental impact. The Center for Resourceful Building Technology (1) maintains an online guide that describes building practices that are resource-efficient; some information on the center's research projects is also available. Similar in topic is this report from the National Association of Home Builders Research Center (2). The 70-page document is the final report of an April 2003 conference on green building; it gives day-by-day summaries of presentations and activities in which the conference participants were involved. Office buildings have a number of design issues that need to be considered to make a productive work environment. One such issue is the acoustics in a cubicle workspace. The Canadian Institute for Research in Construction (3) discusses some design factors that can improve privacy even in the very open atmosphere of closely spaced cubicles. In the wake of the 2001 anthrax scare, a research project at Pennsylvania State University has garnered significant attention. This paper (4) introduces immune buildings, which have advanced ventilation and air filtration systems that can mitigate the danger caused by airborne pathogens. Experimental results from the project are also presented. The US Department of Energy High Performance Building Initiative (5) is investigating new technologies to make commercial buildings more comfortable and cost effective. Several interesting technical papers and introductory reports are given on the initiative's homepage, including a technology road map for high performance buildings. This essay from the June 2003 issue of Constructech Magazine (6) highlights a movement toward integrated control systems for all types of buildings. The author notes that having a unified system that automatically manages security, lighting, energy, and several other building operations can save time and money in the long run. Another article, written by a member of the Partnership for Advanced Technology in Housing (7), discusses building materials and practices that can improve residential installation's resistance to major storms and natural disasters. An example of an area that is using these weather resistant designs is in Florida; the article cites the vulnerability of coastal homes to hurricanes and outlines some efforts to build them in a more structurally sound manner. Lastly, the Commercial Modular Construction Magazine (8) is a quarterly publication that centers on permanent and temporary modular building design. The second issue of 2003 has, among other things, a good article that describes the basics and benefits of modular construction.

    Leske, Cavin.

    401

    AIDS, HIV and STD among Japanese and Japanese-Americans in San Francisco, California, USA.  

    PubMed

    In affluent countries, some people may go abroad specifically for HIV testing or care for greater anonymity, better treatment, and less discrimination. A secondary analysis of data from the San Francisco Department of Public Health was conducted to characterize trends in AIDS incidence, AIDS care, sexually transmitted disease (STD) incidence, and HIV counselling and testing among Japanese in San Francisco. A total of 96 AIDS cases were diagnosed among ethnic Japanese, of whom 32 were born in Japan. From 1985 to 2000, 144 gonorrhoea and chlamydia cases were identified among Japanese. Of 368 self-identified Japanese seeking HIV counselling from 1995 to 1997, three (0.9%) were HIV-positive. The HIV/AIDS and STD epidemics among Japanese in San Francisco temporally parallels, but lags behind in magnitude, the epidemics for San Francisco's population as a whole. Some persons from Japan actively seek HIV/STD services while abroad. Our study points to several areas needing further research and improvements. PMID:14596775

    Komatsu, R; Kamakura, M; Choi, K-H; McFarland, W

    2003-10-01

    402

    Compact form fitting small antennas using three-dimensional rapid prototyping  

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Three-dimensional (3D) rapid prototyping holds significant promise for future antenna designs. Many complex designs that would be unmanufacturable or costly are realizable on a 3D printing machine. The ability to create 3D designs of virtually any configuration makes it possible to build compact antennas that can form fit to any space. These antennas build on the concept that small antennas can best reach the ideal operating limit when utilizing the entire 3D space in a sphere surrounding the antenna. Antennas require a combination of dielectric and conductive materials. 3D rapid prototyping is already well advanced for plastics and dielectric materials (with more options coming online). Prototyping with conductive materials has lagged behind; due mainly to their higher melting points, but this is advancing as well. This dissertation focuses on 3D rapid prototyping for antenna design. A 3D antenna made from small cubical cells is optimized for 2.4--3GHz using a genetic algorithm (GA). The antennas are built using 3D printing of plastic covered by conductive paint. The effects of the conductivity of the paint and number of layers on the resonance and gain of the antenna are evaluated. These results demonstrate the feasibility of using 3D rapid prototyping for antenna design. A 3D dipole is also optimized using a GA to function from 510--910MHz. The antenna was built using 3D rapid prototyping from plastic. The 3D antenna was covered with a conductive coating and measured, showing good agreement with simulation. The 3D GA is used to design 3D antennas of random shape to fit inside the empty space in a cell phone case and optimized for cell phone bands 800--900MHz and 1.6--3.7GHz. The research also evaluates methods and materials that can be used to produce 3D antennas. In addition to the flexibility that 3D prototyping brings to antenna design, this paper describes how this new and emerging method for building antennas can provide fast and affordable antennas for testing, teaching, and fast turn-around prototyping.

    Willis, Bryan Jon

    403

    Mitochondrial genome of a Japanese placozoan.  

    PubMed

    Placozoans are marine invertebrates found in tropical and subtropical waters. Their body plan is among the simplest of free-living animals. The present study determined the mitochondrial genome sequence of a placozoan collected on the coast of Shirahama, Wakayama, Honshu, Japan, and compared it with those of Trichoplax adhaerens from the Red Sea and of three strains from the Caribbean Sea. The sequences of mitochondrial respiratory chain of the Japanese placozoan genes are very similar to those of the BZ49 strain from the Caribbean Sea. However, there are distinct differences in gene arrangement, such as the location of two open reading frames. This Japanese placozoan is therefore distinguishable from the other strains. Based on current knowledge of placozoan 16S diversity our 'Shirahama' strain most likely represents the H15 lineage, known from the Philippines. In the mitochondrial genome of placozoans, substitution rates are slower than in bilaterians, whereas the rate of rearrangements is faster. PMID:22468831

    Miyazawa, Hideyuki; Yoshida, Masa-aki; Tsuneki, Kazuhiko; Furuya, Hidetaka

    2012-04-01

    404

    Disability and stigma: how Japanese educators help parents accept their children's differences.  

    PubMed

    In this report, part of a larger ethnographic study, the authors examined the support Japanese elementary school educators provide to parents of children with relatively mild cognitive and behavioral disabilities, such as learning disabilities, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorders, and high-functioning autism. Conditions that affect children's learning and behaviors are widespread, but cultures vary in responses to children with such difficulties and their families. In many cultures, disability remains a sensitive issue due to lingering stigma. Japan's recent implementation of special education services for children with mild cognitive and behavioral disabilities provided a unique context in which to examine otherwise taken-for-granted beliefs and practices related to disability. Participant observations in a Japanese elementary school and individual interviews with educators and parents suggest that parents' sensitivity to other people's "eyes," or stigma, can be an obstacle to their acceptance of their children's need for special education, permission for their children to receive services, and collaboration with educators. Educators supported parents through a steadfast focus on emotional support, communication, relationship building, and partnerships. Japanese practices and adults' reflections on stigma provide a broader context for international, school, and other social workers to reflect on their own beliefs and practices with families of children with disabilities. PMID:24640228

    Kayama, Misa; Haight, Wendy

    2014-01-01

    405

    Suffering Under a Great Injustice: Ansel Adams's Photographs of Japanese-American Internment at Manzanar  

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In 1943, Ansel Adams (1902-1984) documented the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California where Japanese Americans interned during World War II. Presented by the Library of Congress, Ansel Adams's Photographs of Japanese-American Internment at Manzanar displays side-by-side digital scans of Adams's 242 original negatives and 209 photographic prints. Furthermore, viewers get the opportunity not only to see Adam's darkroom techniques but also how he cropped his prints. Some of the photographic images include views of daily life, agricultural scenes, and sports and leisure activities. Adams offered the collection to the Library of Congress in 1965, stating that the purpose of his work was to "show how these people, suffering under a great injustice, and loss of property, businesses and professions, had overcome the sense of defeat and despair by building for themselves a vital community in an arid (but magnificent) environment...." Searchable by keyword and browseable by subject, for the first time, Internet users can get an illustrative glimpse of what life was like for Japanese Americans during this time.

    2002-01-01

    406

    Living in the tide of change: explaining Japanese subjective health from the socio-demographic change  

    PubMed Central

    Today, countries around the world are caught in the tide of change toward Gesellshaft, or individualistic socio-demographic condition. Recent investigations in Japan have suggested negative impacts of change on emotional and motivational aspects of the Japanese self (Norasakkunkit et al., 2012; Ogihara and Uchida, 2014). Building on previous findings, in Study 1, we measured socio-demographic change toward individualistic societal condition during 1990–2010—two decades marked by great economic recession—at the levels of prefecture and city using archival data. In Study 2, we tested whether Japanese adults' general health, satisfaction with life, self-esteem, and perceived social support were negatively predicted by the change using social survey. Results of hierarchical linear modeling showed small but unique negative effects of the change on several health measures, suggesting that this change had an impact on health, above and beyond individual personality traits, and demographics. Additionally, interdependent happiness, the type of cultural happiness grounded in interdependence of the self (Hitokoto and Uchida, 2014), showed an independent positive relationship with all aspects of health examined. Implications for health studies in changing socio-demographic condition are discussed in the context of Japanese society after economic crisis. PMID:25400604

    Hitokoto, Hidefumi; Tanaka-Matsumi, Junko

    2014-01-01

    407

    A prototype feature system for feature retrieval using relationships  

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Using a feature data model, geographic phenomena can be represented effectively by integrating space, theme, and time. This paper extends and implements a feature data model that supports query and visualization of geographic features using their non-spatial and temporal relationships. A prototype feature-oriented geographic information system (FOGIS) is then developed and storage of features named Feature Database is designed. Buildings from the U.S. Marine Corps Base, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina and subways in Chicago, Illinois are used to test the developed system. The results of the applications show the strength of the feature data model and the developed system 'FOGIS' when they utilize non-spatial and temporal relationships in order to retrieve and visualize individual features.

    Choi, J.; Usery, E.L.

    2009-01-01

    408

    Data explorer: a prototype expert system for statistical analysis.  

    PubMed Central

    The inadequate analysis of medical research data, due mainly to the unavailability of local statistical expertise, seriously jeopardizes the quality of new medical knowledge. Data Explorer is a prototype Expert System that builds on the versatility and power of existing statistical software, to provide automatic analyses and interpretation of medical data. The system draws much of its power by using belief network methods in place of more traditional, but difficult to automate, classical multivariate statistical techniques. Data Explorer identifies statistically significant relationships among variables, and using power-size analysis, belief network inference/learning and various explanatory techniques helps the user understand the importance of the findings. Finally the system can be used as a tool for the automatic development of predictive/diagnostic models from patient databases. PMID:8130501

    Aliferis, C.; Chao, E.; Cooper, G. F.

    1993-01-01

    409

    Development and Test of a Prototype 100MVA Superconducting Generator  

    SciTech Connect

    In 2002, General Electric and the US Department of Energy (DOE) entered into a cooperative agreement for the development of a commercialized 100 MVA generator using high temperature superconductors (HTS) in the field winding. The intent of the program was to: • Identify and develop technologies that would be needed for such a generator. • Develop conceptual designs for generators with ratings of 100 MVA and higher using HTS technology. • Perform proof of concept tests at the 1.5 MW level for GE’s proprietary warm iron rotor HTS generator concept. • Design, build, and test a prototype of a commercially viable 100 MVA generator that could be placed on the power grid. This report summarizes work performed during the program and is provided as one of the final program deliverables.

    Fogarty, James M.; Bray, James W.

    2007-05-25

    410

    History and progress of Japanese acupuncture.  

    PubMed

    After Chiso brought acupuncture to Japan from Wu (China) in the sixth century, it has progressed in unique ways within the various historical milieus of the past 1500 years. Ishitsu-rei, the first medical law of Japan established in 701, explains the medical system of acupuncture in detail showing that acupuncture was being administered under the authorization of the national government. For the next 1200 years, acupuncture continued to be an important facet of public health in Japan. From the Azuchimomoyama through the Edo period, the knowledge exchange with China became active and people who studied in China developed new styles and techniques of acupuncture treatment and organized their own private schools or ryu-ha in Japan. In 1635, when the Edo government decided to close the country, Japan cut-off exchange with foreign countries for over 200 years. The national isolation caused some development that was unique to Japan. During that time, acupuncture filtered into people's everyday lives. Moxibustion, in particular, became popular as a treatment that ordinary people could practice by themselves. Also in this period of isolation, Western medicine was imported from Holland, the only country allowed to maintain trade with Japan. This novel modern medicine had a strong impact on Japanese medicine, which has its foundation of Chinese traditional medicine. At the same time, Japanese acupuncture was introduced into Europe via Holland. When Japan opened its borders in 1865 period, the new government was eager to accept Western culture to the extent of prohibiting the progress of Japanese acupuncture for a period of time. Even so, Japanese acupuncture has survived and flourished up to the present day due to the strong demand and the great efforts of the practitioners. Scientific studies are now in the process of establishing a firm evidence base for over a millennium of clinical use, respecting the classic ideas of the traditional treatment. PMID:18955321

    Kobayashi, Akiko; Uefuji, Miwa; Yasumo, Washiro

    2010-09-01

    411

    Population dynamics of Arashiyama west Japanese macaques  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Demographic data have been collected on the Arashiyama Japanese macaque population from 1954 until the present, through the\\u000a fissioning of the original group into two parts in 1966, and through the translocation of one of the two groups to Texas in\\u000a 1972. Population dynamics are reported for the Arashiyama West group in Texas during 1972 to 1979 and then compared

    Linda Marie Fedigan; Harold Gouzoules; Sarah Gouzoules

    1983-01-01

    412

    CO 2 emission reduction for Japanese petrochemicals  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Energy efficiency in the Japanese industry is one of the highest in the world. As a consequence, reduction of CO2 emissions is considered to be difficult and costly. However little attention has been paid as of yet to changes related to so-called non-energy use of fossil fuels. The analysis in this paper suggests that a large number of options exist

    D. J Gielen; Y Moriguchi; H Yagita

    2002-01-01

    413

    Japanese banking inefficiency and shadow pricing  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    We estimate Japanese banking inefficiency and the shadow price of problem loans by treating problem loans as a jointly produced undesirable by-product of the loan production process. Our method uses the directional output distance function of Färe et al. [R. Färe, S. Grosskopf, D.-W. Noh, W.L. Weber, Characteristics of a polluting technology: Theory and practice, Journal of Econometrics 126 (2005) 469–492

    Hirofumi Fukuyama; William L. Weber

    2008-01-01

    414

    Japanese Computational Grid Research Project: NAREGI  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    The National Research Grid Initiative (NAREGI) is one of the major Japanese national IT projects currently being conducted. NAREGI will cover the period 2003-2007, and collaboration among industry, academia, and the government will play a key role in its success. The Center for Grid Research and Development has been established as a center for R&D of high-performance, scalable grid middleware

    SATOSHI MATSUOKA; S. Shinjo; MUTSUMI AOYAGI; SATOSHI SEKIGUCHI; HITOHIDE USAMI; KENICHI MIURA

    2005-01-01

    415

    Japanese encephalitis vaccine (inactivated, adsorbed) [IXIARO].  

    PubMed

    The Japanese encephalitis vaccine IC-51 (IXIARO) is an inactivated virus (strain SA(14)-14-2) that is manufactured in cultured Vero cells and is currently being developed for preventive vaccination against the Japanese encephalitis virus. black triangle Administration of IXIARO as a two-dose treatment in healthy adults provided high levels of seroprotection against Japanese encephalitis virus. Immune responses at 56 days post-vaccination, including seroconversion rates and geometric mean titres, were noninferior to those seen with a currently available licensed vaccine. Seroprotection was achieved 1 week after second vaccination. black triangle Long-term seroprotection was also observed with the vaccine, with seroconversion rates and geometric mean titres maintained at both 6 and 12 months post-vaccination. black triangle Coadministration with a hepatitis A vaccine had no effect on the immunogenicity of IXIARO. Additionally, the vaccine immunogenicity was not compromised in subjects with pre-existing vaccine-induced antibodies for tick-borne encephalitis, a related flavivirus. black triangle Vaccine immunogenicity was also observed in paediatric volunteers, with seroconversion rates not significantly different to an active comparator at 56 days post-vaccination. black triangle The safety and tolerability profile of IXIARO was generally similar to that of placebo with respect to systemic adverse events, and was associated with a numerically lower frequency of local injection site adverse events than the active comparator vaccine. [fig: see text] PMID:19192940

    Duggan, Sean T; Plosker, Greg L

    2009-01-01

    416

    Developmental Sentence Scoring for Japanese (DSSJ)  

    PubMed Central

    This paper reports on the development and use of the Developmental Sentence Scoring for Japanese (DSSJ), a new morpho-syntactical measure for Japanese constructed after the model of the English Developmental Sentence Scoring model (Lee, 1974). Using this measure, we calculated DSSJ scores for 84 children divided into six age groups between 2;8 and 5;2 on the basis of 100-sentence samples collected from free-play child-adult conversations. The analysis showed a high correlation of the DSSJ overall score with the Mean Length of Utterance. The analysis of the DSSJ subarea scores revealed large variations between these subarea scores for children with similar overall DSSJ scores. When investigating the high-scoring children (over 1 SD over group average), most children scored high in three to five subareas, but the combination of scores for these subareas varied from child to child. It is concluded that DSSJ is a valuable tool especially for the language acquisition research. The overall DSSJ score reliably reflects the overall morpho-syntactic development of Japanese children, and the subarea scores provide specific information on individual acquisition patterns.

    Miyata, Susanne; MacWhinney, Brian; Otomo, Kiyoshi; Sirai, Hidetosi; Oshima-Takane, Yuriko; Hirakawa, Makiko; Shirai, Yasuhiro; Sugiura, Masatoshi; Itoh, Keiko

    2014-01-01

    417

    Seroprevalence of Japanese encephalitis virus infection in captive Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata).  

    PubMed

    Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), which is transmitted by mosquitoes, infects many animal species and causes serious acute encephalitis in humans and horses. In this study, a serosurvey of JEV in Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) reared in Aichi Prefecture was conducted using purified JEV as an antigen for ELISA. The results revealed that 146 of 332 monkeys (44 %) were seropositive for JEV. In addition, 35 of 131 monkeys (27 %) born in the facility were seropositive, and the annual infection rate in the facility was estimated as 13 %. Our results provide evidence of the frequent exposure of many Japanese macaques to JEV, suggesting that there is a risk of JEV transmission to humans by mosquitoes. PMID:24748049

    Shimoda, Hiroshi; Saito, Akatsuki; Noguchi, Keita; Terada, Yutaka; Kuwata, Ryusei; Akari, Hirofumi; Takasaki, Tomohiko; Maeda, Ken

    2014-07-01

    418

    Japanese children's family drawings and their link to attachment  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    This study explored the applicability of family drawings as a tool to estimate attachment security in a sample of Japanese six-year-olds (N = 47), applying Kaplan and Main's (1986) Family Drawing system. Maternal secure\\/insecure attachment status judged by the Adult Attachment Interview predicted family drawings' secure\\/insecure distinction produced by Japanese six-year-olds. However, insecure Japanese drawings took forms not seen in the original

    Kazuko Y. Behrens; Nancy Kaplan

    2011-01-01

    419

    Othering, racial hierarchies and identity construction in Japanese television advertising  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Although non-Japanese actors have appeared in Japanese television commercials for years, little systematic research has been conducted on them. Using a sample of 20,000 commercials, this article shows that the inclusion of ‘Others’ in TV commercials conforms to an artificial ‘racial hierarchy’ that mirrors Japanese society’s perception of racial groups. White people appear more often than all other groups combined,

    Michael Prieler

    2010-01-01

    420

    Electroencephalographic Activity in a Flanker Interference Task Using Japanese Orthography  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    The neural activities for color word interference effects were investigated using event-related brain potentials (ERPs) recorded in a flanker-type interference task. Kanji words (Japanese morphograms) and kana words (Japanese phono-grams) were used as the flanker stimuli to obtain insights about hemispheric specialization for processing two types of Japanese orthographies. Interference effects in reaction time were larger when kanji words were

    Shuhei Yamaguchi; Genya Toyoda; Jiang Xu; Shotai Kobayashi; Avishai Henik

    2002-01-01

    421

    Educational Program on Thorough Training of Japanese Communication Ability  

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    “The Educational Program for Raising Creative Engineers by Thorough Training of Japanese Communication Ability” of Okayama University was adopted in 2004 as Support Program for Distinctive University Education (Characteristic Good Practice) by Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology in Japan. To educate the effective Japanese communication ability of the students, it is indispensable to write the large quantity compositions spending time sufficiently. This paper reports that the excellent educational effects can be achieved through the thorough training of Japanese communication ability.

    Tsukamoto, Shinya; Ohashi, Kazuhito; Totsuji, Hiroo

    422

    Rapid prototyping is coming of age  

    SciTech Connect

    This article examines how, by accelerating the design process and speeding tooling development, rapid prototyping technology helps manufacturers cut new product cycle times and costs. During the last decade, a class of technologies has emerged by which a computer-aided design file of an object can be converted into a physical model through special sintering, layering, or deposition techniques. Called rapid prototyping (RP), or solid free-form fabrication, the major application for this technology has been early verification of product designs and quick production of prototypes for testing. Multiple prototypes can now be reproduced more economically by using the RP master as a pattern for creating molded or soft tooling. Interest in desktop (or more accurately, office) rapid prototyping for visualization and design verification is growing, but it is not yet easy to cost-justify. Recently, the fabrication of patterns for limited-run production tooling has become more common. Today, the most popular rapid tooling options are silicone rubber (RTV) molding and epoxy and spray metal tooling. For metal part production, the choices are investment, plaster, spin, and sand casting.

    Ashley, S.

    1995-07-01

    423

    A Tabletop System for supporting Paper Prototyping of Mobile Interfaces  

    E-print Network

    that supports rapid paper-based prototyping for mobile applications. Our sys- tem combines the possibilityA Tabletop System for supporting Paper Prototyping of Mobile Interfaces Benjamin Bähr, Sven Kratz prototypes, but also enables the generation of prototype applications able to run on target devices

    424

    A framework for rapid evaluation of prototypes with Augmented Reality  

    E-print Network

    A framework for rapid evaluation of prototypes with Augmented Reality Selim Balcisoy Computer for rapid evaluation of prototypes before manufacture. The design of such prototypes is a time consuming Behaviour, Virtual Humans, Prototyping, Human Factors. 1. INTRODUCTION With emerge of new technologies we

    Kallmann, Marcelo

    425

    PROTOTYPICAL CATEGORY LEARNING IN AUTISM 1 Prototypical Category Learning in High-Functioning Autism  

    E-print Network

    PROTOTYPICAL CATEGORY LEARNING IN AUTISM 1 Prototypical Category Learning in High-Functioning Autism Tony Vladusich1,5,6* , Femi Lafe2,6 , Dae-Shik Kim4 , Helen Tager-Flusberg2,3,6 and Stephen 781 736 4870, Fax: +1 781 736 2398, email: thevlad@brandeis.edu Autism Research, in press

    Grossberg, Stephen

    426

    Nudity in Japanese visual media: a cross-cultural observation.  

    PubMed

    The depiction of nude human beings in Japanese print, film, and electronic media is reported. Modern practices are then related to traditional Japanese culture. The various contexts in which nudes are regularly presented are described and various types of nude presentations are classified. It is suggested that the nude body evokes different responses in Japanese culture and is not always intended to convey sexual or erotic meanings. Sentiment, particularly that evoked by the family and motherhood, and nonsexual humor, are other responses that nudity is intended to elicit. The Japanese situation is compared to presentation of nudity in the United States. PMID:2082862

    Downs, J F

    1990-12-01

    427

    7 CFR 301.48-6 - Movement of live Japanese beetles.  

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    ... false Movement of live Japanese beetles. 301.48-6 Section 301.48-6...DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Japanese Beetle Quarantine and Regulations § 301.48-6 Movement of live Japanese beetles. Regulations requiring a...

    2010-01-01

    428

    Mice with Different Susceptibility to Japanese Encephalitis Virus Infection Show Selective Neutralizing  

    E-print Network

    Mice with Different Susceptibility to Japanese Encephalitis Virus Infection Show Selective, Shanghai, China Abstract Background: Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus. Citation: Wang K, Deubel V (2011) Mice with Different Susceptibility to Japanese Encephalitis Virus

    Boyer, Edmond

    429

    Prototyping QoS based architecture for power plant control applications  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    The goal of the project is to gain experience on QoS (quality of service) based distributed system for EDF's power control applications. EDF is the French power utility. QoS is related to time constraints in this case. We adopted a distributed system approach to build our execution platform. The first prototype uses a modified ChorusOS micro-kernel with a real-time inter-process

    C. Lizzi; L. Bacon; E. Becquet

    2000-01-01

    430

    Automated Rapid Prototyping of 3D Ceramic Parts  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    An automated system of manufacturing equipment produces three-dimensional (3D) ceramic parts specified by computational models of the parts. The system implements an advanced, automated version of a generic rapid-prototyping process in which the fabrication of an object having a possibly complex 3D shape includes stacking of thin sheets, the outlines of which closely approximate the horizontal cross sections of the object at their respective heights. In this process, the thin sheets are made of a ceramic precursor material, and the stack is subsequently heated to transform it into a unitary ceramic object. In addition to the computer used to generate the computational model of the part to be fabricated, the equipment used in this process includes: 1) A commercially available laminated-object-manufacturing machine that was originally designed for building woodlike 3D objects from paper and was modified to accept sheets of ceramic precursor material, and 2) A machine designed specifically to feed single sheets of ceramic precursor material to the laminated-object-manufacturing machine. Like other rapid-prototyping processes that utilize stacking of thin sheets, this process begins with generation of the computational model of the part to be fabricated, followed by computational sectioning of the part into layers of predetermined thickness that collectively define the shape of the part. Information about each layer is transmitted to rapid-prototyping equipment, where the part is built layer by layer. What distinguishes this process from other rapid-prototyping processes that utilize stacking of thin sheets are the details of the machines and the actions that they perform. In this process, flexible sheets of ceramic precursor material (called "green" ceramic sheets) suitable for lamination are produced by tape casting. The binder used in the tape casting is specially formulated to enable lamination of layers with little or no applied heat or pressure. The tape is cut into individual sheets, which are stacked in the sheet-feeding machine until used. The sheet-feeding machine can hold enough sheets for about 8 hours of continuous operation.

    McMillin, Scott G.; Griffin, Eugene A.; Griffin, Curtis W.; Coles, Peter W. H.; Engle, James D.

    2005-01-01

    431

    Rapid Prototyping of Composite Structures  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    This progress report for the project Rapid Production of Composite Structures covers the period from July 14, 1997 to June 30, 1998. It will present a short overview of the project, followed by the results to date and plans for the future. The goal of this research is to provide a minimum 100x reduction in the time required to produce arbitrary, laminated products without the need for a separate mold or an autoclave. It will accomplish this by developing the science underlying the rapid production of composite structures, specifically those of carbon fiber-epoxy materials. This scientific understanding will be reduced to practice in a demonstration device that will produce a part on the order of 12" by 12" by 6". Work in the past year has focussed on developing an understanding of the materials issues and of the machine design issues. Our initial goal was to use UV cureable resins to accomplish full cure on the machine. Therefore, we have centered our materials work around whether or not UV cureable resins will work. Currently, the answer seems to be that they will not work, because UV light cannot penetrate the carbon fibers, and because no "shadow" curing seems to occur. As a result, non-UV cureable resins are being investigated. This has resulted in a change in the machine design focus. We are now looking into a "dip and place" machine design, whereby a prepreg layer would have one side coated with a curing agent, and then would be placed onto the previous layer. This would lead to cure at the interface, but not to the top of the layer. The formulation of the resins to accomplish this task at room or slightly elevated temperatures is being investigated, as is the machine design needed to apply the curing agent and then cure or partially cure the part. A final, out-of-autoclave, post-cure may be needed with this strategy, as final cure on the machine may not be possible, as it was for the initial UV cure strategy. The remainder of this report details the progress in the materials and machine design areas. Materials Development The material system must be designed to fulfill the following requirements: to reduce the time and labor requirements of typical cure cycles; to reduce the thermal stresses developed during conventional heat curing; and to develop a structure that the build sequence requires. In order to accomplish these goals, there have been parallel tracks of investigation. One area has tested photopolymerizable (ultraviolet (UV) curable) materials and combinations of these materials with standard heat curing resins. The second area has investigated resins that cure rapidly at room or low heat temperatures. The main goal of these investigations has been to identify a system that will rapidly set or cure at room temperature during a tape lay-up process and hold its structure during a post-cure cycle.

    Colton, Jonathan S.

    1998-01-01

    432

    Lightweight composite fighting cover prototype development program  

    SciTech Connect

    The U.S. Army Field Assistance Science and Technology Program requested Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to demonstrate the use of lightweight composite materials in construction of overhead covers for reinforced infantry fighting positions. In recent years, ORNL researchers have designed and tested several concepts for lightweight ballistic protection structures, and they have developed numerous prototype composite structures for military and civilian applications. In the current program, composite panel designs and materials are tested and optimized to meet anticipated static and dynamic load conditions for the overhead cover structure. Ten prototype composite covers were built at ORNL for use in Army field tests. Each composite cover has a nominal surface area of 12 ft[sup 2] and a nominal weight of 8 lb. Four of the prototypes are made with folding sections to improve their handling characteristics. The composite covers exhibit equivalent performance in Army field tests to covers made with conventional materials that weigh four times as much.

    Wrenn, G.E. Jr.; Frame, B.J.; Gwaltney, R.C.; Akerman, M.A.

    1996-07-01

    433

    Advance prototype silver ion water bactericide system  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    An advance prototype unit was designed and fabricated to treat anticipated fuel cell water. The unit is a single canister that contains a membrane-type prefilter and a silver bromide contacting bed. A seven day baseline simulated mission test was performed; the performance was satisfactory and the effluent water was within all specifications for potability. After random vibrations another seven day simulated mission test was performed, and results indicate that simulated launch vibrations have no effects on the design and performance of the advanced prototype. Bench tests and accelerated breadboard tests were conducted to define the characteristics of an upgraded model of the advance prototype unit which would have 30 days of operating capability. A preliminary design of a silver ion generator for the shuttle orbiter was also prepared.

    Jasionowski, W. J.; Allen, E. T.

    1974-01-01

    434

    NASA DFRC Practices for Prototype Qualification  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    This slide presentation reviews the practices that Dryden uses for qualification of the prototypes of aircraft. There are many views of aircraft that Dryden has worked with. Included is a discussion of basic considerations for strength, a listing of standards and references, a discussion of typical safety of flight approaches, a discussion of the prototype design, using the X-29A as an example, and requirements for new shapes (i.e., the DAST-ARW1 , F-8 Super Critical Wing, AFTI/F-111 MAW), new control laws (i.e., AAW F-18), new operating envelope (i.e., F-18 HARV), limited sope add-on or substitute structure (i.e., SR-71 LASRE, ECLIPSE, F-16XL SLFC), and extensively modified or replaced structure (i.e., SOFIA, B747SP). There is a listing of causes for the failure of the prototype.

    Lokos, William A.

    2009-01-01

    435

    Registry of the Japanese Society of Lung and Heart-Lung Transplantation: the official Japanese lung transplantation report 2008  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    The year 2008 marked the 10th anniversary of the Japanese lung transplantation program started in accordance with the Japanese\\u000a Organ Transplant Law, which took effect in 1997. A total of 105 lung transplantations, including 39 deceased-donor transplants\\u000a and 66 living-related transplants, had been performed as of the end of 2007. This article is the 2008 official report of the\\u000a Japanese

    Takeshi Shiraishi; Yoshinori Okada; Yasuo Sekine; Masayuki Chida; Toru Bando; Masato Minami; Takahiro Oto; Takeshi Nagayasu; Hiroshi Date; Takashi Kondo

    2009-01-01

    436

    Building debris  

    E-print Network

    This thesis relates architectural practices to intelligent use of resources and the reuse of derelict spaces. The initial investigation of rammed earth as a building material is followed by site-specific operations at the ...

    Dahmen, Joseph (Joseph F. D.)

    2006-01-01

    437

    Library Buildings  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Examines a century of library architecture in relation to the changing perceptions of library functions, the development of building techniques and materials, fluctuating esthetic fashions and sometimes wildly erratic economic climates. (Author)

    Allen, Walter C.

    1976-01-01

    438

    Building Sandcastles  

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In this interactive application young children become familiar with 3-dimensional shapes by matching a variety of shapes in order to build a sandcastle. There are two levels of play, parent pointers, and hints to help out along the way.

    2014-01-01

    439

    Team Building  

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Employee involvement, teams, and employee empowerment enable people to make decisions about their work. This employee involvement, teambuilding approach, and employee empowerment increases loyalty and fosters ownership. These links tell you how to do team building and effectively involve people.

    About.com (About.com)

    2011-08-18

    440

    Japanese Virtual Observatory (JVO) as an advanced astronomical research enviroment  

    E-print Network

    We present the design and implementation of the Japanese Virtual Observatory (JVO) system. JVO is a portal site to various kinds of astronomical resources distributed all over the world. We have developed five components for constructing the portal: (1) registry, (2) data service, (3) workflow system, (4) data analysis service (5) portal GUI. Registry services are used for publishing and searching data services in the VO, and they are constructed using an OAI-PMH metadata harvesting protocol and a SOAP web service protocol so that VO standard architecture is applied. Data services are developed based on the Astronomical Data Query Language (ADQL) which is an international VO standard and an extension of the standard SQL. The toolkit for building the ADQL-based service is released to the public on the JVO web site. The toolkit also provides the protocol translation from a Simple Image Access Protocol (SIAP) to ADQL protocol, so that both the VO standard service can be constructed using our toolkit. In order to federate the distributed databases and analysis services, we have designed a workflow language which is described in XML and developed execution system of the workflow. We have succeeded to connect to a hundred of data resources of the world as of April 2006. We have applied this system to the study of QSO environment by federating a QSO database, a Subaru Suprim-Cam database, and some analysis services such a SExtractor and HyperZ web services. These experiences are described is this paper.

    Y. Shirasaki; M. Tanaka; S. Kawanomoto; S. Honda; M. Ohishi; Y. Mizumoto; N. Yasuda; Y. Masunaga; Y. Ishihara; J. Tsutsumi; H. Nakamoto; Y. Kobayashi; M. Sakamoto

    2006-04-28

    441

    Japanese Virtual Observatory (JVO) as an advanced astronomical research enviroment  

    E-print Network

    We present the design and implementation of the Japanese Virtual Observatory (JVO) system. JVO is a portal site to various kinds of astronomical resources distributed all over the world. We have developed five components for constructing the portal: (1) registry, (2) data service, (3) workflow system, (4) data analysis service (5) portal GUI. Registry services are used for publishing and searching data services in the VO, and they are constructed using an OAI-PMH metadata harvesting protocol and a SOAP web service protocol so that VO standard architecture is applied. Data services are developed based on the Astronomical Data Query Language (ADQL) which is an international VO standard and an extension of the standard SQL. The toolkit for building the ADQL-based service is released to the public on the JVO web site. The toolkit also provides the protocol translation from a Simple Image Access Protocol (SIAP) to ADQL protocol, so that both the VO standard service can be constructed using our toolkit. In order to...

    Shirasaki, Y; Ishihara, Y; Kawanomoto, S; Kobayashi, Y; Masunaga, Y; Mizumoto, Y; Nakamoto, H; Ohishi, M; Sakamoto, M; Tanaka, M; Tsutsumi, J; Yasuda, N

    2006-01-01

    442

    A Japanese patient with a mild Lenz-Majewski syndrome.  

    PubMed

    We report on a sclerosing bone dysplasia, associated with cutis laxa, enamel dysplasia, and mental retardation. The patient was a 17-year-old Japanese boy of normal height and muscular build. Cutis laxa with prominent veins in the scalp and abdominal wall and delayed eruption of permanent teeth attracted the attention of clinicians in infancy and adolescence, respectively. The clinical manifestations included a progeroid facial appearance with prognathism, wrinkled skin, and interdigital webbing. The intelligence quotient was estimated at 60. Enamel dysplasia was histologically confirmed. Skeletal changes included calvarial hyperostosis, sclerosis of the skull base, an enlarged, sclerotic mandible, broad clavicles and ribs, and diaphyseal undermodeling of the tubular bones. Metaepiphyseal sclerosis or longitudinal striation was found in the long bones. Metaphyseal equivalents of the axial skeleton showed dense osteosclerosis. These clinical and radiological manifestations overlapped with those of Lenz-Majewski syndrome. Unlike the classical phenotype of the disorder, however, he did not show brachymesophalangy with proximal symphalangism or growth failure. The present case may be considered to fall in the mildest end in the phenotypic continuum of Lenz-Majewski syndrome, suggesting that the clinical spectrum of the disorder may be broader than currently thought. PMID:17593321

    Dateki, Sumito; Kondoh, Tatsuro; Nishimura, Gen; Motomura, Katsuaki; Yoshiura, Koh-Ichiro; Kinoshita, Akira; Kuniba, Hideo; Koga, Yoshiyuki; Moriuchi, Hiroyuki

    2007-01-01

    443

    Better Buildings  

    E-print Network

    on capital ? Delaware State University secured construction financing via the Delaware Sustainable Energy Utility?s Energy Efficiency Construction Bonds for an energy services performance contract across 26 buildings that will result in 25 percent... on capital ? Delaware State University secured construction financing via the Delaware Sustainable Energy Utility?s Energy Efficiency Construction Bonds for an energy services performance contract across 26 buildings that will result in 25 percent...

    Neukomm, M.

    2012-01-01

    444

    Nanoscale Prototyping Laboratory at Stanford University  

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In today's technology-driven marketplace, groundbreaking advances are made daily, and many companies are struggling to keep up. Rapid prototyping is a system that decreases a product's time-to-market, which can give companies that practice it an edge. Stanford University's Rapid Prototyping Laboratory is very active in research, and its Web site has information on the many projects with which it has been involved. The research section is divided into three parts: applications, processes, and planning. Additionally, there is a large collection of theses and conference papers that are available for free download.

    2001-01-01

    445

    Space Station Freedom engineering prototype development  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    The content of the Advance Development Program and subsequent Engineering Prototype Development activity has been guided by a series of focused studies. These studies started with the report of the Advance Development Task Force. An outline of issues relating to Automation, Data Systems, and Telerobotics was projected for the Space Station. Subsequent studies built upon and reaffirmed a focus on development and prototyping of Automation Technology for subsystem monitoring and problem diagnosis, Data System growth to accommodate more sophisticated automation, and use of Telerobotics technology to assist in the reduction ot required ExtraVehicular Activity (EVA) and IntraVehicular Activity (IVA) task time.

    Fernquist, Alan

    1991-01-01

    446

    NASA Innovation Builds Better Nanotubes  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nanotailor Inc., based in Austin, Texas, licensed Goddard Space Flight Center's unique single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) fabrication process with plans to make high-quality, low-cost SWCNTs available commercially. Carbon nanotubes are being used in a wide variety of applications, and NASA's improved production method will increase their applicability in medicine, microelectronics, advanced materials, and molecular containment. Nanotailor built and tested a prototype based on Goddard's process, and is using this technique to lower the cost and improve the integrity of nanotubes, offering a better product for use in biomaterials, advanced materials, space exploration, highway and building construction, and many other applications.

    2008-01-01

    447

    Innovating Uses of Japanese Honorifics and Polite Forms. Papers in Japanese Linguistics, Vol. 3.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    The Japanese system of honorification shows respect either to the subject or to the direct or indirect object of the sentence. The selection of the polite or plain styles of speech determines the level of honorifics. The increase in mass communication and public speaking has led to a search for a reasonably polite but not old-fashioned or pompous…

    Inoue, Kazuko

    448

    Perspectives from Japanese Staff in Canadian ESL Schools regarding Japanese Students' Groupism  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    The present study, which stems from a critical approach to common perceptions about ESL learners in the TESOL community, examines the perspectives of Japanese-speaking staff in Canadian ESL institutions on their students' school performance. From September 2003 to April 2004, qualitative data were gathered from 11 staff members through mail…

    Kobayashi, Yoko

    2006-01-01

    449

    Trait Anxiety among Japanese Massage Practitioners with Visual Impairment: What Is Required in Japanese Rehabilitation Education?  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    This questionnaire-based study of Japanese massage practitioners with visual impairment (n = 155, 126 males, 29 females, mean age = 41 years) found that measures of self-repression, helplessness and "daily hassles" were positively correlated to measures of trait anxiety. Also, trait anxiety was negatively associated with measures of self-esteem…

    Donoyama, Nozomi; Munakata, Tsunetsugu

    2009-01-01

    450

    Cost-Effect Analysis of the Japanese Steel Industry's Energy Conservation Measures (Japanese)  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    The Japanese steel industry accounts for 10% of Japan's energy consumption, and therefore the success or failure of that industry's energy conservation measures is of the greatest importance in any discussion of energy and environmental issues, including global climate change issues. This paper makes an objective, quantitative assessment, based on public statistics, of the state of progress of energy conservation

    KAINOU Kazunari

    2006-01-01

    451

    Installation package - SIMS prototype system 1A  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    This report consists of details for the installation, operation and maintenance of a prototype heating and hot water system, designed for residential or light commercial applications. This system consists of the following subsystems: air type collectors, pebble bed thermal storage, air handling unit, air to water heat exchanger, hot water preheat tank, auxiliary energy, ducting system.

    1976-01-01

    452

    ACTS propagation terminal prototype planning and design  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    The planning and design of a prototype propagation receiving terminal for beacon signals at 27 and 20 GHz bands are examined. The developmental plan is discussed, followed by technical design considerations including, the Advanced Communications Technology Satellite (ACTS) system salient features and frequency plan, beacon signal parameters and specifications, system calculations, and terminal hardware design issues.

    Davarian, Faramaz; Pergal, F.; Chakraborty, D.; Stutzman, Warren L.

    1990-01-01

    453

    Engineered Reality: Prototyping Inventions for Television  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Invention has always made popular television, and the advent of reality TV, along with advances in rapid prototyping technology, has made it possible to design and create inventions in front of the camera. There is also growing interest in producing TV that attracts home viewers who are, or aspire to be, hackers. The authors describe their experiences making a cable

    Joe Grand

    2008-01-01

    454

    A Prototype Expert System for Fishway Design.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Describes the development of a prototype expert system to recommend the most suitable type of fishway for given design conditions. Recommendations are provided on the basis of fishway hydraulics, fish passage performance, and cost requirements. An appendix provides an example consultation. (MDH)

    Bender, Michael J.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    455

    The VLSI Design Automation Assistant: Prototype system  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    This paper describes an approach to VLSI design synthesis that uses knowledge-based expert systems to proceed from an algorithmic description of a VLSI system to a list of technology-independent registers, operators, data paths, and control signals. This paper describes how the prototype Design Automation Assistant uses large amounts of expert knowledge to design an architecture with little searching. It also

    T. J. Kowalski; D. E. Thomas

    1983-01-01

    456

    Intelligent rapid prototyping with fused deposition modelling  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Explains that fused deposition modelling is a rapid prototyping technology by which physical objects are created directly from a CAD model using layer by layer deposition of extruded material. The technology offers the potential of producing parts accurately in a wide range of materials safely and quickly. In using this technology, the designer is often confronted with a host of

    Syed H. Masood

    1996-01-01

    457

    Rapid prototyping is coming of age  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    This article examines how, by accelerating the design process and speeding tooling development, rapid prototyping technology helps manufacturers cut new product cycle times and costs. During the last decade, a class of technologies has emerged by which a computer-aided design file of an object can be converted into a physical model through special sintering, layering, or deposition techniques. Called rapid

    S. Ashley

    1995-01-01

    458

    Rapid prototyping applications at Sandia National Laboratories  

    SciTech Connect

    In an effort to reduce the cycle time for producing prototypical mechanical and electro-mechanical components, Sandia National Laboratories has integrated rapid prototyping processes into the design and manufacturing process. The processes currently in operation within the Rapid Prototyping Laboratory are Stereolithography (SL), Selective Laser Sintering (SLS), and Direct Shell Production Casting (DSPC). These emerging technologies have proven to be valuable tools for reducing lead times and fabrication costs. Sandia uses the SL and SLS processes to support internal product development efforts. Their primary use is to fabricate patterns for investment casting in support of a Sandia-managed program called FASTCAST that integrates computational technologies and experimental data into the investment casting process. These processes are also used in the design iteration process to produce proof-of-concept models, hands-on models for design reviews, fit-check models, visual aids for manufacturing, and functional parts in assemblies. The DSPC process is currently being developed as a method of fabricating ceramic investment casting molds directly from a CAD solid model. Sandia is an Alpha machine test site for this process. This presentation will provide an overview of the SL and SLS processes and an update of our experience and success in integrating these technologies into the product development cycle. It will also provide a lead-in for a tour of the Rapid Prototyping Laboratory, where these processes will be demonstrated.

    Atwood, C.L.; McCarty, G.D.; Pardo, B.T.; Bryce, E.A.

    1994-02-01

    459

    Classroom Evaluation of a Rapid Prototyping System.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Introduces rapid prototyping which creates virtual models through a variety of automated material additive processes. Relates experiences using JP System 5 in freshman and sophomore engineering design graphics courses. Analyzes strengths and limitations of the JP System 5 and discusses how to use it effectively. (Contains 15 references.)…

    Tennyson, Stephen A.; Krueger, Thomas J.

    2001-01-01

    460

    Rapid prototyping of small size objects  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    The commercialization of new products integrating many functions in a small volume requires more and more often the rapid prototyping of small high-resolution objects, having intricate details, small openings and smooth surfaces. To give an answer to this demand, the stereolithography process has started to evolve towards a better resolution: the “small spot” stereolithography technology allows to reach a sufficient

    Arnaud Bertsch; Paul Bernhard; Christian Vogt; Philippe Renaud

    2000-01-01

    461

    Automated inventory tracking system prototype in cloud  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    In this paper we investigate possible solutions for alleviating retail manufacturers of logistical concerns by using inexpensive cell phones with WAP and WiFi capabilities, low resolution digital cameras, and open source applications for web hosts in the cloud to store and process business information. The proposed inventory tracking system prototype is aimed at the company’s agents whose responsibilities are to

    Rob Grmek; Youry Khmelevsky; Dmitry Syrotovsky

    2011-01-01

    462

    FIELD PROTOTYPE DEMONSTRATION OF THE SWIRL DEGRITTER  

    EPA Science Inventory

    A prototype swirl degritter was tested by the Metropolitan Denver Sewage Disposal District No. 1. The unit was designed to duplicate the grit removal device needed to degrit the underflow from the proposed swirl concentrator as a combined sewer overflow regulator at Lancaster, Pe...

    463

    Hierarchical Clustering With Prototypes via Minimax Linkage  

    E-print Network

    Hierarchical Clustering With Prototypes via Minimax Linkage Jacob BIEN and Robert TIBSHIRANI Tibshirani is Profes- sor, Department of Health Research and Policy and Department of Statistics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305. We thank Ryan Tibshirani for useful discussions. Jacob Bien was supported

    Tibshirani, Robeert

    464

    Practical Techniques for Language Design and Prototyping  

    E-print Network

    of explicit substitutions that is parametric in the syntax of the object language, to obtain a formalPractical Techniques for Language Design and Prototyping Mark-Oliver Stehr1 and Carolyn L. Talcott2@cs.stanford.edu Abstract. Global computing involves the interplay of a vast variety of languages, but practially useful

    465

    Measurement Specifications for Manufacturers' Prototype Bodies  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    The objective of this study was to examine information on body measurement specifications for one prototype body used by women's apparel manufacturers-fit models. Specifically, information was examined to determine if fit model measurement specifications had changed since 1986. Measurement specifications need to be revised regularly to accommodate changes in the population's anthropometry. Advertisements for sizes 8 and 10fit models were

    Jane E. Workman; Elizabeth S. Lentz

    2000-01-01

    466

    Rapid prototype modeling in a multimodality world  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Introduction: Rapid prototype modeling (RPM) has been used in medicine principally for bones - that are easily extracted from CT data sets - for planning orthopaedic, plastic or maxillo-facial interventions, and\\/or for designing custom prostheses and implants. Based on newly available technology, highly valuable multimodality approaches can now be applied to RPM, particularly for complex musculo-skeletal (MSK) tumors where multimodality

    Luc Bidaut; John Madewell; Alan Yasko

    2006-01-01

    467

    Prototype Stopping Rules in Software Development Projects  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Custom software development projects under product specification uncertainty can be subject to wide variations in performance (duration, cost, and quality) depending on how the uncertainty is resolved. A prototyping strategy has been chosen in many cases to mitigate specification risk and improve performance. The study reported here sought to illuminate the case where duration was the highest priority project constraint,

    Scott Serich

    2005-01-01

    468

    Prototyping on the PC with Programmable Hardware  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    This paper describes how to design and use a framework of hardware and software for flexible interfacing and prototyping on the PC. The hardware comprises a card with programmable hardware provided by FPGAs, with an interface including DMA block transfer and interrupts. A library of hardware macros is described. Software routines are provided to enable the FPGAs to be programmed

    Jamaludin Omar; James M. Noras

    1997-01-01

    469

    Design data brochure: SIMS prototype system 2  

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Information is provided on the design and performance of the IBM SIMS Prototype System 2, solar domestic hot water system, for single family residences. The document provides sufficient data to permit procurement, installation, operation, and maintenance by qualified architectural engineers or contractors.

    1977-01-01

    470

    Development and Deployment of Corridor Management Prototype  

    E-print Network

    -productive. The problems of transportation management in urban areas are complicated by jurisdictional as well CARTESIUS (Coordinated Adaptive Real-Time Expert System for Incident management in Urban Systems), deployedDevelopment and Deployment of Corridor Management Prototype (ATMS TESTBED PHASE III FINAL REPORT

    Mease, Kenneth D.

    471

    Speech recognition using noise-adaptive prototypes  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A probabilistic mixture mode is described for a frame (the short term spectrum) of speech to be used in speech recognition. Each component of the mixture is regarded as a prototype for the labeling phase of a hidden Markov model based speech recognition system. Since the ambient noise during recognition can differ from that present in the training data, the

    ARTHUR NADAS; DAVID NAHAMOO; MICHAEL A. PICHENY

    1989-01-01

    472

    NASA's Wireless Augmented Reality Prototype (WARP)  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    The objective of Wireless Augmented Reality Prototype (WARP) effort is to develop and integrate advanced technologies for real-time personal display of information relevant to the health and safety of space station\\/shuttle personnel. The WARP effort will develop and demonstrate technologies that will ultimately be incorporated into operational Space Station systems and that have potential earth applications such as aircraft pilot

    Martin Agan; Leeann Voisinet; Ann Devereaux

    1998-01-01

    473

    NASA's Wireless Augmented Reality Prototype (WARP)  

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    The objective of Wireless Augmented Reality Prototype (WARP) effort is to develop and integrate advanced technologies for real-time personal display of information relevant to the health and safety of space station/shuttle personnel. The WARP effort will develop and demonstrate technologies that will ultimately be incorporated into operational Space Station systems and that have potential earth applications such as aircraft pilot alertness monitoring and in various medical and consumer environments where augmented reality is required. To this end a two phase effort will be undertaken to rapidly develop a prototype (Phase I) and an advanced prototype (Phase II) to demonstrate the following key technology features that could be applied to astronaut internal vehicle activity (IVA) and potentially external vehicle activity (EVA) as well: 1) mobile visualization, and 2) distributed information system access. Specifically, Phase I will integrate a low power, miniature wireless communication link and a commercial biosensor with a head mounted display. The Phase I design will emphasize the development of a relatively small, lightweight, and unobtrusive body worn prototype system. Phase II will put increased effort on miniaturization, power consumption reduction, increased throughput, higher resolution, and ``wire removal'' of the subsystems developed in Phase I.

    Agan, Martin; Voisinet, Leeann; Devereaux, Ann

    1998-01-01

    474

    Thermoelectric SMA actuator: preliminary prototype testing  

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    In this work, preliminary analysis and testing of a thermoelectric compact shape memory alloy (TEC-SMA) actuator prototype will be presented. The prototype testing process will result in detailed feasibility assessment and quantification of the operational specification ranges for the TEC-SMA actuator. The actuators' potential for compactness and miniaturization will be assessed and quantified, however for the initial work presented in this paper, the prototype will not be optimally compact. The presented actuator prototype is a solid-state, thermoelectric SMA actuator that utilizes directly the thermoelectric effect for cooling an SMA element. The preliminary experimental setup consists of an SMA strip in close contact with Thermoelectric Modules (TEM)s for cooling, coupled with an LVDT, a load cell, and thermocouples to characterize and optimize the actuator bandwidth, stroke, length, output power and energy density based on SMA actuation cycles. Preliminary experimental results are presented based on the described setup for 0.5 Hz and 1.0 Hz actuation frequencies. A significant conclusion form this study is the need for power modulation for TEMs and SMA actuators for optimal performance of the TEC-SMA actuator.

    Khan, Mughees M.; Lagoudas, Dimitris C.; Rediniotis, Othon K.

    2003-08-01

    475

    Web tools for rapid experimental visualization prototyping  

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Quite often a researcher finds themselves looking at spreadsheets of high-dimensional data generated by experimental models and user studies. We can use analysis to challenge or confirm hypothesis, but unexpected results can easily be lost in the shuffle. For this reason, it would be useful to visualize the results so we can explore our data and make new discoveries. Web browsers have become increasingly capable for creating complex, multi-view applications. Javascript is quickly becoming a de facto standard for scripting, online and offline. This work demonstrates the use of web technologies as a powerful tool for rapid visualization prototyping. We have developed two prototypes: One for high-dimensional results of the abELICIT - multi-agent version of the ELICIT platform tasked with collaborating to identify the parameters of a pending attack. Another prototype displays responses to a user study on the effectiveness of multi-layer visualization techniques. We created coordinated multiple views prototypes in the Google Chrome web browser written in Javascript, CSS and HTML. We will discuss the benefits and shortcomings of this approach.

    Decker, Jonathan W.; Livingstion, Mark A.

    2013-01-01

    476

    Development of Mentalizing Ability in Japanese Children  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    This longitudinal study examined the early development of mentalizing ability in 33 Japanese children, who were between 33\\u000a and 39 months old. Their mentalizing ability was assessed using the following tasks: 1) gaze-direction, 2) point-direction,\\u000a 3) desire-emotion, 4) emotion-situation, and 5) divergent beliefs, at two time-points with a 6-month interval. The children’s\\u000a performance improved significantly over 6 months for all tasks except

    Hiromi Tsuji

    2011-01-01

    477

    Flavonoids from the Japanese monotypic genus, Nipponanthemum.  

    PubMed

    Foliar flavonoids of Nipponanthemum, which is a monotypic genus and consists of only one Japanese endemic species, N. nipponicum, were isolated for the first time. Fifteen flavonoids, i.e. six glycosides, quercetin 3,7-di-O-glucoside, vicenin-2, quercetin 3-O-glucoside, luteolin 7-O-glucoside, kaempferol 3-O-glucoside and apigenin 7-O-glucoside, and nine aglycones, luteolin, nepetin, quercetin 3-methyl ether, axillarin, apigenin, hispidulin, chrysoeriol, jaceosidin and sudachitin were identified. Of these compounds, the flavonoid aglycones existed on the leaf surface. PMID:22978216

    Uehara, Ayumi; Iwashina, Tsukasa

    2012-08-01

    478

    Tanko Bushi: Designing a Japanese-American Dance Experience  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Many folk dances reflect the everyday activities of the people, celebrating the commonplace through physical forms of expression. The traditional Japanese folk dance, Tanko Bushi, is still performed in Japan and among Japanese-Americans today, and its theme of coal mining makes it relatable to many cultures around the world. With its traditional…

    Sweeting, Terry; Werner, Peter; Williams, Lori H.; Crump, Alyssa

    2012-01-01

    479

    Development of Text Reading in Japanese: An Eye Movement Study  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    This study examined age-group differences in eye movements among third-grade, fifth-grade, and adult Japanese readers. In Experiment 1, Japanese children, but not adults, showed a longer fixation time on logographic kanji words than on phonologically transparent hiragana words. Further, an age-group difference was found in the first fixation…

    Jincho, Nobuyuki; Feng, Gary; Mazuka, Reiko

    2014-01-01

    480

    Butoh: a bibliography of Japanese avant-garde dance  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Purpose – This article's aim is to provide an annotated bibliographic resource guide for scholars researching butoh and academic and research libraries with collection development areas specializing in modern dance and\\/or Asian studies. Butoh is a Japanese avant-garde dance form developed in 1959 as a reaction against Western influence in Japanese politics and culture. Butoh's founders, Tatsumi Hijikata and Kazuo

    Shea A. Taylor

    2012-01-01

    481

    College Teaching: Syllabus Writing for the Japanese Language Course.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    This paper discusses the development of a syllabus for elementary-level college courses in the Japanese language, with a focus on course purpose, objectives, learning materials and resources, setting, learning activities, testing, and other considerations. It examines the characteristics of students who take elementary Japanese courses and reviews…

    Inoue, Yukiko

    482

    2003 Japanese Society of Sleep Research 5 REVIEW ARTICLE  

    E-print Network

    `sleep debt' is used extensively when discuss- ing the adverse effects of untreated sleep disorders© 2003 Japanese Society of Sleep Research 5 REVIEW ARTICLE Sleep and Biological Rhythms 2003; 1: 5­13 Blackwell Science, LtdOxford, UK SBRSleep and Biological Rhythms1446-92352003 Japanese Society of Sleep

    Pennsylvania, University of

    483

    Promoting Learner Autonomy: Learning from the Japanese Language Learners' Perspectives.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    This paper focuses on the difficulties of learners of Japanese as a second language from non-kanji backgrounds and the special difficulties they encounter in trying to learn the kanji writing system. It is asserted that most teachers of Japanese as a second language do not spend enough time on kanji teaching, with the students typically forced to…

    Usuki, Miyuki

    484

    What separates Japanese new product winners from losers  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Operating in the upper echelons of highly competitive, global markets, numerous Japanese firms enjoy well-deserved reputations for excellence in new product development. Despite this success, however, almost no research has been conducted to explore the keys to successful new product development in Japanese companies. For the most part, research in this area has focused on North American and European firms.X.

    X. Michael Song; Mark E. Parry

    1996-01-01

    485

    Disruption and Reconnection: Counseling Young Adolescents in Japanese Schools.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Using two case studies, examines the systems used by Japanese middle school teacher/counselors to counsel troubled early adolescents. The system works well for prevention, but can substantially drain a teacher's time. Cautions against wholesale adoption of Japanese organizational techniques in California schools, since teachers are already…

    LeTendre, Gerald K.

    1995-01-01

    486

    Mycophenolic Acid Inhibits Replication of Japanese Encephalitis Virus  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Background: Japanese encephalitis is a major public health problem in several parts of Asia, particularly India, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Myanmar (Burma). Despite its public health implications, there are no effective antiviral drugs available. Methods: The present study evaluated the effect of mycophenolic acid on Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) using an in vitro cytopathic effect inhibition assay, plaque reduction assay

    Liba Sebastian; Shampur Narayan Madhusudana; Vasanthapuram Ravi; Anita Desai

    2011-01-01

    487

    Development of the Gerotranscendence Scale Type 2: Japanese Version  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    This study developed the Japanese version of the Gerotranscendence Scale Type 2 (the GST2) and examined reliability and validity of the scale. In Japan, 525 community-dwelling older adults (Male = 260, Female = 265) answered a questionnaire. An exploratory factor analysis of the Japanese version of the GST2 revealed the same three-factor structure…

    Hoshino, Kazumi; Zarit, Steven H.; Nakayama, Makoto

    2012-01-01

    488

    Independence and Choice: Western Impacts on Japanese Higher Education.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    A brief history of the Japanese higher education system chronicles its two principal phases since the mid-nineteenth century. In the first, "window-shopping" mode, many Western models were explored and some partially adopted. In the "involvement" mode, specific Western models were adopted. The uniqueness of the Japanese experience is emphasized.…

    Nakayama, Shigeru

    1989-01-01

    489

    Corporate Structure, Liquidity, and Investment: Evidence from Japanese Industrial Groups  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    This paper presents evidence suggesting that information and incentive problems in the capital market affect investment. The authors come to this conclusion by examining two sets of Japanese firms. The first set has close financial ties to large Japanese banks that serve as their primary source of external finance and are likely to be well informed about the firm. The

    Takeo Hoshi; Anil Kashyap; David Scharfstein

    1991-01-01

    490

    The Japanese Flap in EFL: Variability and Accent.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    A study investigated the substitution of the Japanese flap for English liquids /r/ and /l/ by 11 Japanese students in their first and fourth years of college. Phonological patterns were examined at the two different stages, in reading vs. spontaneous oral language tasks, and for word-initial singleton vs. word-initial cluster environments. The…

    Riney, Timothy J.; Takada, Mari

    1998-01-01

    491

    Japanese Executives Meet the American Placement Culture in California.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Discusses visit of Japanese executives to four California colleges (University of California at Los Angeles, California State University at Long Beach, California Institute of Technology, Stanford University) and several U.S. companies. Describes reactions of Japanese executives, U.S. students, and U.S. executives. (ABL)

    Firman, Margaret Davis

    1991-01-01

    492

    Honorifics: A Sociocultural Verb Agreement Cue in Japanese Sentence Processing  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Case marking is the major cue to sentence interpretation in Japanese, whereas animacy and word order are much weaker. However, when subjects and their cases markers are omitted, Japanese honorific and humble verbs can provide information that compensates for the missing case role markers. This study examined the usage of honorific and humble verbs…

    Yoshimura, Yuki; MacWhinney, Brian

    2010-01-01

    493

    Transmediating a Japanese Garden through Spatial Sound Design  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    There have been numerous artists, architects and designers whose encounters with traditional Japanese garden aesthetics have produced creative works. The author examines John Cage's Ryoanji, a musical translation of the famous karesansui garden in Kyoto, as an important musical precedent and uses it to position his own methodologies for transmediating the spatial predilections of the Japanese garden Sesshutei. He also

    Michael Fowler

    2011-01-01

    494

    Japanese gardens in Edwardian Britain: landscape and transculturation  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    This article examines ideas of gardening, landscape and transculturation in Edwardian Britain through the fashion for Japanese gardens. Emphasis is placed on the writing and practice of two influential figures: Josiah Conder (1855–1920) and Reginald Farrer (1880–1920). Conder was one of the leading proponents of Japanese gardens and his book Landscape Gardening in Japan (1893) was a crucial source of

    Setsu Tachibana; Stephen Daniels; Charles Watkins

    2004-01-01

    495

    Competitive interactions: the international investment patterns of Japanese automobile manufacturers  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Analyzing the timing, patterns, and competitive interactions of foreign direct investments (FDIs), we find evidence that Japanese automobile manufacturers compete selectively with their domestic rivals. While some firms appear to follow rivals’ investments, they also steer away from markets with incumbent Japanese competitors. Competing in some key markets, these firms also avoid unnecessary competition in other markets. This finding provides

    Elizabeth L Rose; Kiyohiko Ito

    496

    Competitive interactions: the international investment patterns of Japanese automobile manufacturers  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Analyzing the timing, patterns, and competitive interactions of foreign direct investments (FDIs), we find evidence that Japanese automobile manufacturers compete selectively with their domestic rivals. While some firms appear to follow rivals’ investments, they also steer away from markets with incumbent Japanese competitors. Competing in some key markets, these firms also avoid unnecessary competition in other markets. This finding provides

    Elizabeth L Rose; Kiyohiko Ito

    2008-01-01

    497

    Is the Strange Situation Too Strange for Japanese Infants?  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    The applicability of the Strange Situation procedure and the ABC typology for Japanese infants is discussed by examining data from studies in which the Strange Situation procedure was performed with Japanese infants. Findings of a study conducted in Sapporo, Japan, are discussed and their implications are pointed out. The discussion concludes that…

    Ujiie, Tastuo

    498

    Reclaiming Mobility: Japanese American Travel Writing after the Internment  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ‘Reclaiming Mobility: Japanese American Travel Writing after the Internment’ argues that Japanese American writers have infused various forms of literature from memoir to autobiographical poetry with images of mobility and the discourse of travel writing in order to assert and comment upon their status in a country that once saw ft to incarcerate them en masse and without due process.

    Floyd Cheung

    2008-01-01

    499

    Japanese physical education teachers’ beliefs about teaching students with disabilities  

    Microsoft Academic Search

    The purpose of this study was to describe Japanese physical education (PE) teachers’ beliefs about teaching students with disabilities in integrated classes. Participants were five Japanese PE teachers (one women and four men). The research was descriptive and qualitative, using an interviewing method. Data were gathered in interviews, analysed and presented as descriptive narratives and themes. Themes that emerged from

    Takahiro Sato; Samuel R. Hodge; Nathan M. Murata; Julienne K. Maeda

    2007-01-01

    500

    Demonstrating Miscommunication Problems Between American and Japanese Businessmen Through Video.  

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    This paper discusses common miscommunication problems that occur between Japanese and Americans, even when both are speaking Japanese, with a focus on high contextuality and women's position in business organizations. It also examines how these cultural differences can be addressed through the use of videotaped conversations. One of the preeminent…

    Nakajima, Setsuko