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1

The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (Japanese translation)  

SciTech Connect

The August 2003 blackout of the northeastern U.S. and CANADA caused great economic losses and inconvenience to New York City and other affected areas. The blackout was a warning to the rest of the world that the ability of conventional power systems to meet growing electricity demand is questionable. Failure of large power systems can lead to serious emergencies. Introduction of on-site generation, renewable energy such as solar and wind power and the effective utilization of exhaust heat is needed, to meet the growing energy demands of the residential and commercial sectors. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems. This work demonstrates a method for choosing and designing economically optimal DER systems. An additional purpose of this research is to establish a database of energy tariffs, DER technology cost and performance characteristics, and building energy consumption for Japan. This research builds on prior DER studies at the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and with their associates in the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) and operation, including the development of the microgrid concept, and the DER selection optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM is a tool designed to find the optimal combination of installed equipment and an idealized operating schedule to minimize a site's energy bills, given performance and cost data on available DER technologies, utility tariffs, and site electrical and thermal loads over a test period, usually an historic year. Since hourly electric and thermal energy data are rarely available, they are typically developed by building simulation for each of six end use loads used to model the building: electric-only loads, space heating, space cooling, refrigeration, water heating, and natural-gas-only loads. DER-CAM provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the necessary useful energy loads can be provided for at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, cooling, and efficiency improvements. This study examines five prototype commercial buildings and uses DER-CAM to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Each building type was considered for both 5,000 and 10,000 square meter floor sizes. The energy consumption of these building types is based on building energy simulation and published literature. Based on the optimization results, energy conservation and the emissions reduction were also evaluated. Furthermore, a comparison study between Japan and the U.S. has been conducted covering the policy, technology and the utility tariffs effects on DER systems installations.

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

2004-10-15

2

The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (English Version)  

SciTech Connect

The August 2003 blackout of the northeastern U.S. and CANADA caused great economic losses and inconvenience to New York City and other affected areas. The blackout was a warning to the rest of the world that the ability of conventional power systems to meet growing electricity demand is questionable. Failure of large power systems can lead to serious emergencies. Introduction of on-site generation, renewable energy such as solar and wind power and the effective utilization of exhaust heat is needed, to meet the growing energy demands of the residential and commercial sectors. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems. This work demonstrates a method for choosing and designing economically optimal DER systems. An additional purpose of this research is to establish a database of energy tariffs, DER technology cost and performance characteristics, and building energy consumption for Japan. This research builds on prior DER studies at the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and with their associates in the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) and operation, including the development of the microgrid concept, and the DER selection optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM is a tool designed to find the optimal combination of installed equipment and an idealized operating schedule to minimize a site's energy bills, given performance and cost data on available DER technologies, utility tariffs, and site electrical and thermal loads over a test period, usually an historic year. Since hourly electric and thermal energy data are rarely available, they are typically developed by building simulation for each of six end use loads used to model the building: electric-only loads, space heating, space cooling, refrigeration, water heating, and natural-gas-only loads. DER-CAM provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the necessary useful energy loads can be provided for at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, cooling, and efficiency improvements. This study examines five prototype commercial buildings and uses DER-CAM to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Each building type was considered for both 5,000 and 10,000 square meter floor sizes. The energy consumption of these building types is based on building energy simulation and published literature. Based on the optimization results, energy conservation and the emissions reduction were also evaluated. Furthermore, a comparison study between Japan and the U.S. has been conducted covering the policy, technology and the utility tariffs effects on DER systems installations. This study begins with an examination of existing DER research. Building energy loads were then generated through simulation (DOE-2) and scaled to match available load data in the literature. Energy tariffs in Japan and the U.S. were then compared: electricity prices did not differ significantly, while commercial gas prices in Japan are much higher than in the U.S. For smaller DER systems, the installation costs in Japan are more than twice those in the U.S., but this difference becomes smaller with larger systems. In Japan, DER systems are eligible for a 1/3 rebate of installation costs, while subsidies in the U.S. vary significantly by region and application. For 10,000 m{sup 2} buildings, significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbon emissions, and energy costs were seen in the economically optimal results. This was most noticeable in the sports facility, followed the hospital and hotel. This research demonstrates that office buildings can benefit from CHP, in contrast to popular opinion. For hospitals and sports facilities, the use of waste heat is particularly effective for water and space heating. For the other building types, waste heat is most effectively use

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

2004-10-15

3

Japanese Virtual Observatory (JVO) Prototype 2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe the architecture of the Japanese Virtual Observatory (JVO) prototype system version 2. JVO aims at seamless access to astronomical data archives stored in distributed data servers as well as data analysis environment. For this purpose, it is important to establish a framework for access to remote servers, including remote procedure calls (RPCs) and data transfer. A data request for distributed database is described in the JVO Query Language. The JVO system parses the query language and decomposes it into individual remote procedures, such as the retrieval of catalog images and spectra, cross matching, and workflow generation. Based on this workflow, remote procedures are called. For RPCs of JVO prototype system 1, we employed Globus toolkit 2 (GT2). However, latency time of GT2 RPCs was too long for successive short-time jobs. Therefore, we employed Globus toolkit 3 (GT3) for JVO prototype system 2. As a result, we find that Grid Service in GT3 improves performance of RPC. In addition to Grid Service, Reliable File Transfer (RFT) is used for efficient data transfer. Astronomical data stored in distributed servers are discovered through a registry server which provides metadata discussed in the IVOA registry working group and is built using a XML database.

Tanaka, M.; Shirasaki, Y.; Honda, S.; Mizumoto, Y.; Ohishi, M.; Yasuda, N.; Masunaga, Y.; Ishihara, Y.; Abe, K.; Tsutsumi, J.; Nakamoto, H.; Kobayashi, Y.; Yoshida, T.; Morita, Y.

2005-12-01

4

Generating Ideas and Building Prototypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Design always involves the difficult step from seeing users and their activities to inventing something new that will make\\u000a sense to them. In this chapter we turn to framing of the problem in such a way that the design process can start and the first\\u000a prototypes can be constructed. Following a prototype-driven approach, we first provide a discussion of how

Katherine Isbister; Kia Höök; Petra Sundström; Jarmo Laaksolahti

5

Building a parabolic solar concentrator prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to not further degrade the environment, people have been seeking to replace non-renewable natural resources such as fossil fuels by developing technologies that are based on renewable resources. An example of these technologies is solar energy. In this paper, we show the building and test of a solar parabolic concentrator as a prototype for the production of steam that can be coupled to a turbine to generate electricity or a steam engine in any particular industrial process.

Escobar-Romero, J. F. M.; Montiel, S. Vázquez y.; Granados-Agustín, F.; Cruz-Martínez, V. M.; Rodríguez-Rivera, E.; Martínez-Yáñez, L.

2011-01-01

6

10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

2010-01-01

7

10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

2012-01-01

8

10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

2011-01-01

9

10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

2013-01-01

10

10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

2014-01-01

11

Mechanical characteristics of aged Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa Endl.) wood from Japanese historical buildings  

E-print Network

Mechanical characteristics of aged Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa Endl.) wood from Japanese with mechanical characteristics of aged hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa Endl.) wood of Japanese historical buildings

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

12

Enhancements to ASHRAE Standard 90.1 Prototype Building Models  

SciTech Connect

This report focuses on enhancements to prototype building models used to determine the energy impact of various versions of ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1. Since the last publication of the prototype building models, PNNL has made numerous enhancements to the original prototype models compliant with the 2004, 2007, and 2010 editions of Standard 90.1. Those enhancements are described here and were made for several reasons: (1) to change or improve prototype design assumptions; (2) to improve the simulation accuracy; (3) to improve the simulation infrastructure; and (4) to add additional detail to the models needed to capture certain energy impacts from Standard 90.1 improvements. These enhancements impact simulated prototype energy use, and consequently impact the savings estimated from edition to edition of Standard 90.1.

Goel, Supriya; Athalye, Rahul A.; Wang, Weimin; Zhang, Jian; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Xie, YuLong; Hart, Philip R.; Mendon, Vrushali V.

2014-04-16

13

Mechanical characteristics of aged Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa Endl.) wood from Japanese historical buildings  

E-print Network

Mechanical characteristics of aged Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa Endl.) wood from Japanese (Chamaecyparis obtusa Endl.) specimens cut out from recently felled down and naturally dried were heated at 90 (Chamaecyparis obtusa Endl.) from Japanese historical buildings. Although aged wood appeared more rigid

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

14

Characterizing Indoor Airflow and Pollutant Transport using Simulation Modeling for Prototypical Buildings. I. Office Buildings  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the first efforts at developing a set of prototypical buildings defined to capture the key features affecting airflow and pollutant transport in buildings. These buildings will be used to model airflow and pollutant transport for emergency response scenarios when limited site-specific information is available and immediate decisions must be made, and to better understand key features of buildings controlling occupant exposures to indoor pollutant sources. This paper presents an example of this approach for a prototypical intermediate-sized, open style, commercial building. Interzonal transport due to a short-term source release, e.g., accidental chemical spill, in the bottom and the upper floors is predicted and corresponding HVAC system operation effects and potential responses are considered. Three-hour average exposure estimates are used to compare effects of source location and HVAC operation.

Sohn, M.D.; Daisey, J.M.; Feustel, H.E.

1999-06-01

15

10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

2014-01-01

16

10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

2011-01-01

17

10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

2010-01-01

18

10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

2013-01-01

19

10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

2012-01-01

20

Development of a prototype self-configuring building block  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper presents the concept and construction of a prototype self-configuring building block for potential application in smart dynamic structure. The design contains several modular self-configuring blocks with integrated controllers, gear trains, extending arms and magnetic latches. The structure could be reconfigured via the connection and disconnection of magnetic latch between the modules. Through the coordination of the individual cubes themselves, the entire structure can reassemble via pushing and pulling the individual components into almost any desired shape. Information as to the current location or the next necessary movement could be passed from cube to cube by a physical connection between the cubes or remotely through broadcast signals. To provide the hardware strategy, we present the mechanical design of the self-configure modules and their latch mechanism of Halbach array. In the end, we will discuss our proposed application in dynamic building structure and storage management.

Lin, Hung-Yu; Tsui, Chi-Leung; Wu, Wen-Jong; Wang, Wei-Chih

2011-04-01

21

Procedural Modeling for Rapid-Prototyping of Multiple Building Phases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

RomeLab is a multidisciplinary working group at UCLA that uses the city of Rome as a laboratory for the exploration of research approaches and dissemination practices centered on the intersection of space and time in antiquity. In this paper we present a multiplatform workflow for the rapid-prototyping of historical cityscapes through the use of geographic information systems, procedural modeling, and interactive game development. Our workflow begins by aggregating archaeological data in a GIS database. Next, 3D building models are generated from the ArcMap shapefiles in Esri CityEngine using procedural modeling techniques. A GIS-based terrain model is also adjusted in CityEngine to fit the building elevations. Finally, the terrain and city models are combined in Unity, a game engine which we used to produce web-based interactive environments which are linked to the GIS data using keyhole markup language (KML). The goal of our workflow is to demonstrate that knowledge generated within a first-person virtual world experience can inform the evaluation of data derived from textual and archaeological sources, and vice versa.

Saldana, M.; Johanson, C.

2013-02-01

22

A prototype data archive for the PIER 'thermal distribution systems in commercial buildings' project  

SciTech Connect

A prototype archive for a selection of building energy data on thermal distribution systems in commercial buildings was developed and pilot tested. While the pilot demonstrated the successful development of the data archive prototype, several questions remain about the usefulness of such an archive. Specifically, questions on the audience, frequency of use, maintenance, and updating of the archive would need to be addressed before this prototype is taken to the next level.

Diamond, Rick C.; Wray, Craig P.; Smith, Brian V.; Dickerhoff, Darryl J.; Matson, Nance E.; Cox, Skylar A.

2004-01-01

23

Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report, Reference Volume 1: Building prototype analysis  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a detailed description of, and the baseline assumptions and simulation results for, the building prototype simulations conducted for the building types designated in the Work Plan for Demand-side Management Assessment of Hawaii`s Demand-Side Resources (HES-4, Phase 2). This report represents the second revision to the initial building prototype description report provided to DBEDT early in the project. Modifications and revisions to the prototypes, based on further calibration efforts and on comments received from DBEDT Staff have been incorporated into this final version. These baseline prototypes form the basis upon which the DSM measure impact estimates and the DSM measure data base were developed for this project. This report presents detailed information for each of the 17 different building prototypes developed for use with the DOE-21E program (23 buildings in total, including resorts and hotels defined separately for each island) to estimate the impact of the building technologies and measures included in this project. The remainder of this section presents some nomenclature and terminology utilized in the reports, tables, and data bases developed from this project to denote building type and vintage. Section 2 contains a more detailed discussion of the data sources, the definition of the residential sector building prototypes, and results of the DOE-2 analysis. Section 3 provides a similar discussion for the commercial sector. The prototype and baseline simulation results are presented in a separate section for each building type. Where possible, comparison of the baseline simulation results with benchmark data from the ENERGY 2020 model or other demand forecasting models specific to Hawaii is included for each building. Appendix A contains a detailed listing of the commercial sector baseline indoor lighting technologies included in the existing and new prototypes by building type.

NONE

1995-04-01

24

A three-story prototype commercial building model for energy standard development and assessment  

SciTech Connect

Annual hourly simulation programs are generally used in the development and assessment of the impacts of building energy standards. These simulation programs require the specification of a building model as input to the simulation. Results of the simulations are sensitive to the building model, so care must be taken in the choice of the model to ensure representative results. A three-story prototype commercial building model is being used in developing requirements for the revision of ASHRAE Standard 90.1. The prototype is generic but has the capability to represent a broad range of commercial building types, sizes, orientations, and aspect ratios.

Jarnagin, R.E.

1994-06-01

25

Closed Quarter Aerial Robot Prototype to Fly In and Around Buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Urban environments are time consuming, labor in- tensive and possibly dangerous to safe guard. Ac- complishing tasks like bomb detection, search-and- rescue and reconnaissance with aerial robots could save resources. This paper describes a prototype called CQAR: Closed Quarter Aerial Robot, which is capable of ?ying in and around buildings. The prototype was analytically designed to ?y safely and slowly.

Paul Y. Oh; William E. Green; Geofirey Barrows

2003-01-01

26

Optoelectronics-related competence building in Japanese and Western firms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, an analysis is made of how different firms in Japan and the West have developed competence related to optoelectronics on the basis of their previous experience and corporate strategies. The sample consists of a set of seven Japanese and four Western firms in the industrial, consumer electronics and materials sectors. Optoelectronics is divided into subfields including optical communications systems, optical fibers, optoelectronic key components, liquid crystal displays, optical disks, and others. The relative strengths and weaknesses of companies in the various subfields are determined using the INSPEC database, from 1976 to 1989. Parallel data are analyzed using OTAF U.S. patent statistics and the two sets of data are compared. The statistical analysis from the database is summarized for firms in each subfield in the form of an intra-firm technology index (IFTI), a new technique introduced to assess the revealed technology advantage of firms. The quantitative evaluation is complemented by results from intensive interviews with the management and scientists of the firms involved. The findings show that there is a marked variation in the way firms' technological trajectories have evolved giving rise to strength in some and weakness in other subfields for the different companies, which are related to their accumulated core competencies, previous core business activities, organizational, marketing, and competitive factors.

Miyazaki, Kumiko

1992-05-01

27

Alice: a rapid prototyping system for building virtual environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alice is a rapid prototyping system used to create three dimensional graphics simulations like those seen in virtual reality applications. Alice uses an interpreted language called Python to implement the semantics of user actions. This interactive development environment allows users to explore many more design options than is possible in a compiled language environment. The current state of 3D user

Matthew Conway; Randy Pausch; Rich Gossweiler; Tommy Burnette

1994-01-01

28

Prototype application for web 3D routing in building  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Current routing systems in GIS software mostly provide routes that allow the users to navigate between source and destination points in 2 dimensions. This paper describes the development of a web-based 3D routing system for a university campus using Open Source Software (OSS) and Open Specifications (OS). The system uses the advantages of interoperability and allows the integration and extension of different system components. A data model is described and the process of creating the data model and the migration of the data stored in dxf architectural drawings to the data model are explained. The paper also discusses the architecture and the interaction of the different prototype components such as 3D viewer, database, and programming languages. Furthermore, it describes customized tools that were developed to provide the users a simple interface to interact with the system through a standard internet browser.

Ehlers, Manfred; Hijazi, Ihab

2009-09-01

29

Prototype application for web 3D routing in building  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Current routing systems in GIS software mostly provide routes that allow the users to navigate between source and destination points in 2 dimensions. This paper describes the development of a web-based 3D routing system for a university campus using Open Source Software (OSS) and Open Specifications (OS). The system uses the advantages of interoperability and allows the integration and extension of different system components. A data model is described and the process of creating the data model and the migration of the data stored in dxf architectural drawings to the data model are explained. The paper also discusses the architecture and the interaction of the different prototype components such as 3D viewer, database, and programming languages. Furthermore, it describes customized tools that were developed to provide the users a simple interface to interact with the system through a standard internet browser.

Ehlers, Manfred; Hijazi, Ihab

2010-11-01

30

Prototyping a Browser for a Listed Buildings Database with Semantic MediaWiki  

E-print Network

Prototyping a Browser for a Listed Buildings Database with Semantic MediaWiki Anca Dumitrache1, are increasingly attracting visitors. People express interest in hidden gems in their neighborhood or along MediaWiki These requirements clearly demand semantic technologies. In this early phase

Kohlhase, Michael

31

Prototype Passive Solar Buildings in Louisiana - A Hot-Humid Climate  

E-print Network

This paper on prototype passive solar buildings in Louisiana presents state of the art passive solar design. According to U.S. Department of Energy report, the annual energy consumption for a single family detached dwelling in Louisiana is from 31...

Shih, J. C.

1986-01-01

32

Association of sick building syndrome with neuropathy target esterase (NTE) activity in Japanese.  

PubMed

Sick building syndrome (SBS) is a set of several clinically recognizable symptoms reported by occupants of a building without a clear cause. Neuropathy target esterase (NTE) is a membrane bound serine esterase and its reaction with organophosphates (OPs) can lead to OP-induced delayed neuropathy (OPIDN) and nerve axon degeneration. The aim of our study was to determine whether there was a difference in NTE activity in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of Japanese patients with SBS and healthy controls and whether PNPLA6 (alias NTE) gene polymorphisms were associated with SBS. We found that the enzymatic activity of NTE was significantly higher (P < 0.0005) in SBS patients compared with controls. Moreover, population with an AA genotype of a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs480208, in intron 21 of the PNPLA6 gene strongly reduced the activity of NTE. Fifty-eight SNP markers within the PNPLA6 gene were tested for association in a case-control study of 188 affected individuals and 401 age-matched controls. Only one SNP, rs480208, was statistically different in genotype distribution (P = 0.005) and allele frequency (P = 0.006) between the cases and controls (uncorrected for testing multiple SNP sites), but these were not significant by multiple corrections. The findings of the association between the enzymatic activity of NTE and SBS in Japanese show for the first time that NTE activity might be involved with SBS. PMID:23418070

Matsuzaka, Yasunari; Ohkubo, Tomoichi; Kikuti, Yukie Y; Mizutani, Akiko; Tsuda, Michio; Aoyama, Yoshiko; Kakuta, Kazuhiko; Oka, Akira; Inoko, Hidetoshi; Sakabe, Kou; Ishikawa, Satoshi; Kulski, Jerzy K; Kimura, Minoru

2014-10-01

33

Building a prototype of a Martian base in Poland, an architectural design overview and progress report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This talk focuses on recent advances in the construction of a prototype 1000 m2 Martian out-post for 8 inhabitants. The architectural design for such a Martian base has been presented previously on COSPAR 2008, the presentation being entitled ,,Architectural design proposal for a Martian base to continue NASA Mars Design Reference Mission". The presentation was welcomed with warm interest by various institutions, some of which offered help in building a prototype such as providing the building site or funding. This year's oral presentation will focus on a progress report and will briefly describe the architectural design. The architectural design is inspired by terrestrial pneumatic architecture. It has small volume, can be easily transported and provides a large habitable space. An architectural solution analo-gous to a terrestrial house with a studio and a workshop was assumed. The spatial placement of the following zones was carefully considered: residential, agricultural and science, as well as garage and workshop. Further attention was paid to transportation routes and a control and communications center. The issues of a life support system, energy, food, water and waste recycling were also discussed. This Martian base was designed to be crewed by a team of eight people to stay on Mars for at least one and a half year. An Open Plan architectural solution was assumed, with a high level of modularity. Walls of standardized sizes with zip-fasteners allow free rearrangement of the interior to adapt to a new situation. The prototype of such a Polish-origin Martian outpost will be used in a manner similar to MDRS or FMARS but to a larger extent. The prototype's design itself will be tested and corrected to achieve a design which can be used on Mars. The procedure of unfolding the pneumatic modules and floor leveling will be tested. The 1000 m2 interior will be used for various simulation exercises: socio-psychological testing, interior arrangement experiments, agricultural simulations, growing plants in Martian conditions and other kinds of tests. The presented prototype focuses on the ergonomic and psychological aspects of longer stay in a Martian environment. It provides the Martian crew with a comfortable habitable space larger than DRM modules. The practical proposal is to send this base to Mars in a DRM transpor-tation module after prototype testing is completed. The author hopes that this or other similar Martian base designs will help in establishing a permanent presence of humans on Mars.

Kozicki, Janek

34

A conceptual model linking brand building strategies and Japanese popular culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To investigate the degree to which products, images, and activities associated with a popular culture supports and sustains brands associated with that culture, with particular reference to global Japanese brands. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A questionnaire-based survey of 638 respondents in and around San Francisco. Only a third were American, the remainder originating from several countries in Europe, South America

Roblyn Simeon

2006-01-01

35

Specifying Building Automation Systems with PROBAnD, a Method Based on Prototyping, Reuse, and Object-orientation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the PROBAnD requirements engineering method, which is specialized towards the domain of building automation systems, is presented. The method bases on object-orientation to handle complexity, reuse to gain efficiency as well as product quality, and prototyping to enable test-based verification and valida- tion early in the development process. To demonstrate the applicability and efficien- cy of this

Andreas Metzger; Stefan Queins

2002-01-01

36

A Prototype Data Archive for the PIER "Thermal Distribution Systems in Commercial Buildings" Project  

E-print Network

are quite rare. As an alternative, most energy analysts rely on simulations of building performance archive for a selection of building energy data on thermal distribution systems in commercial buildings on the audience, frequency of use, maintenance, and updating of the archive would need to be addressed before

37

A co-design prototyping approach for building a Precinct Planning Tool  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the world is becoming increasingly urbanized there is a need for more sustainability-oriented planning of our cities. Policy and decision-makers are interested in the use of evidenced based approaches and tools that will support collaborative planning. There are a number of tools in the domain of spatial planning and decision support systems that have been built over the last few decades but the uptake and use of these tools is somewhat limited. In the context of Australia there is significant urban growth occurring across the major cities and a need to provision planners and developers with precinct planning tools to assist in managing infill and the densification of the existing urban fabric in a carbon constrained economy. In this paper we describe the development of a new precinct planning tool known as the Envision Scenario Planner (ESP), which is being applied initially in two cities, Melbourne and Perth to assist in the urban design and planning of Greyfield sites. To set the scene in this paper we firstly provide a brief review of the existing state of play of visualization and modelling tools available to urban planners in Australia. The focus on the paper will be to introduce an iterative co-design prototyping approach for developing a best practice precinct planning support tool (ESP) from an earlier tool known as ENVISION. The first step of the approach is an exposure workshop with experts to refine the proposed tool workflow and its functionality. Subsequent iterations of the prototype are then exposed to larger audiences for validation and testing. In this paper we will describe the process and the preliminary findings in implementing the first phase of this iterative co-design prototype approach.

Pettit, C. J.; Glackin, S.; Trubka, R.; Ngo, T.; Lade, O.; Newton, P.; Newman, P.

2014-11-01

38

Building and Calibration of a FAST Model of the SWAY Prototype Floating Wind Turbine: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Present efforts to verify and validate aero-hydro-servo-elastic numerical simulation tools that predict the dynamic response of a floating offshore wind turbine are primarily limited to code-to-code comparisons or code-to-data comparisons using data from wind-wave basin tests. In partnership with SWAY AS, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) installed scientific wind, wave, and motion measurement equipment on the 1/6.5th-scale prototype SWAY floating wind system to collect data to validate a FAST model of the SWAY design in an open-water condition. Nanyang Technological University (NTU), through a collaboration with NREL, assisted in this validation.

Koh, J. H.; Robertson, A.; Jonkman, J.; Driscoll, F.; Ng, E. Y. K.

2013-09-01

39

Japanese; Japanese Songs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This supplementary textbook for students of Japanese presents a collection of 43 songs--folk songs, nursery songs, lullabies, love songs, wedding songs, graduation songs, the national anthem, drinking songs, school songs, and Christmas carols. With the exception of the carols, the musical scores are presented with their Japanese lyrics. The…

Defense Language Inst., Washington, DC.

40

Preliminary comparison of model and prototype wakes. [building wake effects on atmospheric boundary layer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Velocity and turbulence profiles previously measured in the wake of a long building 3.2 m high, located in the field, transverse to the wind and in an atmospheric boundary layer several hundred meters thick are compared with wake profiles at corresponding longitudinal stations for a scale model of the building located in a large meteorological wind tunnel having a boundary layer thickness of 0.61 m to assess the accuracy of full scale wake profile predictions based on model tests. Results are presented which show that disparities in nondimensional profiles result from differences in relative depth of logarithmic layers and in surface conditions.

Logan, E., Jr.; Camp, D. W.

1978-01-01

41

3D Measuring and Marking System for Building Equipment: Developing and Evaluating Prototypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The measuring work has been done manually with the scales in the construction of building equipments. We have been studying a 3D measuring and marking system using a total station to increase accuracy and decrease workload. One feature is the pointing device for measuring indirectly the hidden areas which cannot be measured with a stand-alone total station. The device has

Shintaro Sakamoto; Hiroki Kishimoto; Kouetu Tanaka; Yukiteru Maeda

2009-01-01

42

Experimental Evaluation of a Device Prototype Based on Shape Memory Alloys for the Retrofit of Historical Buildings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Metallic tie-rods are currently used in many historical buildings for absorbing the out-of-plane horizontal forces of arches, vaults and roof trusses, despite they exhibit several limitations under service and seismic conditions. In this paper, a post-tensioned system based on the superelastic properties of Ni-Ti shape memory alloys is proposed for improving the structural performances of traditional metallic tie-rods. First, the thermal behavior under service conditions is investigated based on the results of numerical and experimental studies. Subsequently, the seismic performances under strong earthquakes are verified trough a number of shaking table tests on a 1:4-scale timber roof truss model. The outcomes of these studies fully confirm the achievement of the design objectives of the proposed prototype device.

Cardone, Donatello; Sofia, Salvatore

2012-12-01

43

Bridging Scales: Developing a Framework to Build a City-Scale Environmental Scenario for Japanese Municipalities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is an ongoing project on establishing environmental scenarios in Japan to evaluate middle to long-term environmental policy and technology options toward low carbon society. In this project, the time horizon of the scenarios is set for 2050 on the ground that a large part of social infrastructure in Japan is likely to be renovated by that time, and cities are supposed to play important roles in building low carbon society in Japan. This belief is held because cities or local governments could implement various policies and programs, such as land use planning and promotion of new technologies with low GHG emissions, which produce an effect in an ununiform manner, taking local socio-economic conditions into account, while higher governments, either national or prefectural, could impose environmental tax on electricity and gas to alleviate ongoing GHG emissions, which uniformly covers their jurisdictions. In order for local governments to devise and implement concrete administrative actions equipped with rational policies and technologies, referring the environmental scenarios developed for the entire nation, we need to localize the national scenarios, both in terms of spatial and temporal extent, so that they could better reflect local socio-economic and institutional conditions. In localizing the national scenarios, the participation of stakeholders is significant because they play major roles in shaping future society. Stakeholder participation in the localization process would bring both creative and realistic inputs on how future unfolds on a city scale. In this research, 1) we reviewed recent efforts on international and domestic scenario development to set a practical time horizon for a city-scale environmental scenario, which would lead to concrete environmental policies and programs, 2) designed a participatory scenario development/localization process, drawing on the framework of the 'Story-and-Simulation' or SAS approach, which Alcamo(2001) proposed, and 3) started implementing it to the city of Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Japan, in cooperation with municipal officials and stakeholders. The participatory process is to develop city-scale environmental scenarios toward low carbon society, referring international and domestic environmental scenarios. Though the scenario development is still in process, it has already brought practical knowledge about and experience on how to bridge scenarios developed for different temporal and spatial scales.

Hashimoto, S.; Fujita, T.; Nakayama, T.; Xu, K.

2007-12-01

44

A comparison of wake characteristics of model and prototype buildings in transverse winds  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Previously measured mean velocity and turbulence intensity profiles in the wake of a 26.8-m long building 3.2 m high and transverse to the wind direction in an atmospheric boundary layer several hundred meters thick were compared with profiles at corresponding stations downstream of a 1/50-scale model on the floor of a large meteorological wind tunnel in a boundary layer 0.61 m in thickness. The validity of using model wake data to predict full scale data was determined. Preliminary results are presented which indicate that disparities result from differences in relative depth of logarithmic layers, surface roughness, and the proximity of upstream obstacles.

Logan, E., Jr.; Phataraphruk, P.; Chang, J.

1978-01-01

45

Developing a Philippine Cancer Grid. Part 1: Building a Prototype for a Data Retrieval System for Breast Cancer Research Using Medical Ontologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the Philippines. Developed within the context of a Philippine Cancer Grid, the present study used web development technologies such as PHP, MySQL, and Apache server to build a prototype data retrieval system for breast cancer research that incorporates medical ontologies from the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS).

Coronel, Andrei D.; Saldana, Rafael P.

46

The Digital Universe Coalition: Building a Prototype NVO E/PO Portal  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Virtual Observatory (NVO) holds tremendous potential for Education and Public Outreach (E/PO) opportunities. The possibilities for E/PO with the NVO, which promises to make widely available the great majority of the world's astronomical data, are too numerous for any one E/PO effort to ever hope to develop. Therefore, it is critical that the NVO E/PO program develop an infrastructure and tools flexible enough that any E/PO program can make use of it. In response to the recommendations of the NVO science definition team, UC Berkeley's SEGway program conducted needs assessment surveys of potential non-traditional (i.e. non-scientist) NVO user communities. The SEGway team wished to use the results of these surveys to design a demonstration website that could show some of the potential capabilities of NVO E/PO. SEGway established an informal partnership with STScI, AMNH/Hayden Planetarium, and ManyOne Network to explore how to assemble the infrastructure and tools for NVO E/PO and to construct a demonstration portal that makes use of NVO resources. We called this partnership The Digital Universe Coalition. This prototype displays AMNH/Hayden's Digital Universe star catalog of approximately 100,000 stars, based largely on HIPPARCOS parallaxes, in a virtual three-dimensional space. Three types of user-interactive data display and/or navigation are possible: an Earth-based view of the sky with the option of displaying constellations; a spaceship-based view moving through space; and a "god's-eye" view of the local neighborhood from an external vantage point. One key feature of this demo is the linking of user-selectable locations in the sky to the online Digitized Sky Survey data sets. A second feature is a set of links for educational content on a handful of selected objects. Both of these capabilities will be extended further as we plan to begin development of a much more robust and complete E/PO portal for the NVO.

Mendez, B.; Craig, N.; Haisch, B.; Lindblom, J.; Hanisch, R.; Summers, F.; Abbott, B.

2004-05-01

47

Building foundations for molecular electronics: Growth of organic molecules on alkali halides as prototypical insulating substrates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The epitaxy and growth of a series of organic molecules deposited on insulating surfaces were investigated by noncontact atomic force microscopy (nc-AFM). The molecules studied, C60, 3,4,9,10-perylene tetracarboxylic dianhydride (PTCDA), 3,4,9,10-perylene tetracarboxlylic diimide (PTCDI), and copper (II) phthalocyanine (CuPc), were selected to investigate the effect of different molecular geometries, charge distributions and intermolecular interactions and as interesting candidates in molecular electronic applications. As it is known that the properties of molecules are influenced by their structural arrangements, an understanding of the interactions of molecules with substrates of interest as well as the dominant processes involved in growth are of great interest. Model insulating substrates KBr and NaCl were used for growth studies, due to the necessity of insulators in electrically isolating device regions. Dewetting processes were observed in several of these systems: C 60 on KBr and NaCl, PTCDA on NaCl and PTCDI on NaCl. The specific influences of de- wetting are discussed for each system, in particular the morphological impact of dewetting and the driving of dewetting by strained metastable monolayers. For C60 deposits, interesting branched structures are formed in the process of dewetting which are remarkably stable once formed, yet do not represent the equilibrium growth morphology. A determination of the large cell coincident epitaxy reveals a small, yet significant discrepancy between the observed overlayer and calculated stable adsorption sites indicating a dominance of the intermolecular interaction over the molecule---substrate interaction. For both PTCDA and PTCDI on NaCl, strained metastable monolayer epitaxies were observed giving rise to a transition in both interface structure and morphology: a dewetting transition. A comparison of the observed molecular scale structures and growth modalities is made in order to build a framework for understanding the prevalence of dewetting for molecules on ionic surfaces. Finally, in order to better understand the connection between molecular scale structures and interesting opto-electronic properties, the application of a hybrid-electrostatic characterization technique by nc-AFM is discussed. Using this technique, the opto-electrostatic response of three different PTCDA arrangements on a nanotemplated NaCl surface are shown to differ according to the degree of intermolecular interaction permitted by the structure.

Burke, Sarah A.

48

Building Language Blocks in L2 Japanese: Chunk Learning and the Development of Complexity and Fluency in Spoken Production  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study examined the development of complexity and fluency of second language (L2) spoken production among L2 learners who received extensive practice on grammatical chunks as constituent units of discourse. Twenty-two students enrolled in an elementary Japanese course at a U.S. university received classroom instruction on 40 grammatical…

Taguchi, Naoko

2008-01-01

49

Japanese language and Japanese science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Japanese mathematical scientists including astronomers, physicists, and mathematicians obtain ideas in Japanese, discuss their problems in Japanese, and arrive at conclusions in Japanese, and yet they write their results in foreign languages such as English. This uncomfortable situation has continued for nearly one hundred years and has had serious effects on Japanese science. In this short report, the author discusses and analyses these effects. In order to put Japanese science on a sound basis, the author proposes to increase the number of articles, reviews and textbooks in Japanese, first by translation and second by the voluntary efforts of scientists themselves. As centers devoted to this activity, the author proposes to construct "Airborne Libraries" which are maintained and accumulate in an electronic form the scientific documents written in Japanese.

Tanikawa, Kiyotaka

2003-08-01

50

Modeling of virtual prototype and the rescue scene of the high buildings escape vehicle based on virtual reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces a kind of rescue vehicle with laminated multilayer platforms used in the case of fire on large area and many floors, as well as the virtual prototype of that vehicle established with Solidworks. The special effects of the flame, smoke and characters is handled with particle system in 3DS MAX to accomplish in the scene, in order

Taotao Li; Zhengyan Zhang; Zhumin Yang; Dingfang Chen; Yibin He

2010-01-01

51

PCM–air heat exchangers for free-cooling applications in buildings: Experimental results of two real-scale prototypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Latent heat storage using phase change materials (PCM) can be used for free-cooling. In this application low air temperature is used to solidify the PCM during the night and then during the next day, the inside air of a building can be cooled down by exchanging heat with PCM. Short times for charging and discharging the PCM are required. PCM

Ana Lazaro; Pablo Dolado; Jose M. Marín; Belen Zalba

2009-01-01

52

Loans to Japanese borrowers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the characteristics of loans to Japanese borrowers using a relatively unexplored, contract-specific data set. I find that Japanese banks charge less on loans to Japanese borrowers than do foreign banks, holding constant many of the risk characteristics of the borrower. Moreover, Japanese banks vary pricing less across these risks than do foreign banks, suggesting that Japanese banks

David C. Smith

2003-01-01

53

Rapid Prototyping Home Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource provides the latest developments in the fast paced field of rapid prototyping. What is rapid prototyping? Rapid prototyping takes virtual designs from computer aided design (CAD) or animation modeling software, transforms them into thin, virtual, horizontal cross-sections and then creates each cross-section in physical space, one after the next until the model is finished. It is a "WYSIWYG" process where the virtual model and the physical model correspond almost identically. With additive fabrication, the machine reads in data from a CAD drawing and lays down successive layers of liquid, powder, or sheet material, and in this way builds up the model from a series of cross sections. These layers, which correspond to the virtual cross section from the CAD model, are joined together or fused automatically to create the final shape. The primary advantage to additive fabrication is its ability to create almost any shape or geometric feature. This site has a great list of links.

2009-07-15

54

The Japanese Mind: Understanding Contemporary Japanese Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of essays offers an overview of contemporary Japanese culture, and can serve as a resource for classes studying Japan. The 28 essays offer an informative, accessible look at the values, attitudes, behavior patterns, and communication styles of modern Japan from the unique perspective of the Japanese people. Filled with examples…

Davies, Roger J., Ed.; Ikeno, Osamu, Ed.

55

Weighting Factors for the Commercial Building Prototypes Used in the Development of ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2010  

SciTech Connect

Detailed construction data from the McGraw Hill Construction Database was used to develop construction weights by climate zones for use with DOE Benchmark Buildings and for the ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 development. These construction weights were applied to energy savings estimates from simulation of the benchmark buildings to establish weighted national energy savings.

Jarnagin, Ronald E.; Bandyopadhyay, Gopal K.

2010-01-21

56

Rapid Prototyping  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Javelin, a Lone Peak Engineering Inc. Company has introduced the SteamRoller(TM) System as a commercial product. The system was designed by Javelin during a Phase II NASA funded small commercial product. The purpose of the invention was to allow automated-feed of flexible ceramic tapes to the Laminated Object Manufacturing rapid prototyping equipment. The ceramic material that Javelin was working with during the Phase II project is silicon nitride. This engineered ceramic material is of interest for space-based component.

1999-01-01

57

GM Prototype Moon Buggy Wheel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Under the direction of Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) was designed to allow Apollo astronauts a greater range of mobility during lunar exploration missions. During the development process, LRV prototype wheels underwent soil tests in building 4481 at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Pictured is the GM wheel design.

1967-01-01

58

Sociocultural dilemma of Japanese steeplejacks.  

PubMed

Japanese steeplejacks are good at working in high places as construction workers, and they have been called tobi for a longtime. They now play an important role in completing modern civil engineering projects and in the construction of high-rise buildings; however, their lifestyle is considered by most to be quaint but outdated. Originally, they were unskilled workmen at construction sites. In the 18th century, they were engaged in repairing houses or setting up scaffolding, helping carpenters, but they worked as firefighters whenever fires broke out. Their traditional work system did not change throughout the Meiji era, although Japanese society became greatly modernized. After World War II, the industrialization of Japanese society required highly developed technology in civil engineering and architecture. This provided an opportunity for them to establish their positions as trained professional workers. However, the number of skilled tobi professionals has continued to decrease because the younger generation does not consider this profession desirable career. Improving not only the professional skills but also the way of living to the extent as a modern high-tech society demands will be the key for the tobi's work system to become attractive. PMID:11116667

Iwata, H

1997-12-01

59

The energy performance of prototype holographic glazings  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on the simulation of the energy performance of prototype holographic glazings in commercial office buildings in a California climate. These prototype glazings, installed above conventional side windows, are designed to diffract the transmitted solar radiation and reflect it off the ceiling, providing adequate daylight illumination for typical office tasks up to 10m from the window. In this study,

K. Papamichael; L. Beltran; R. Furler; E. S. Lee; S. Selkowitz; M. Rubin

1993-01-01

60

Summary Scientific Performance of EUCLID Detector Prototypes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) plan to partner to build the EUCLID mission. EUCLID is a mission concept for studying the Dark Energy that is hypothesized to account for the accelerating cosmic expansion. For the past year, NASA has been building detector prototypes at Teledyne Imaging Sensors. This talk will summarize the measured scientific performance of these detector prototypes for astrophysical and cosmological applications.

Rauscher, Bernard J.

2011-01-01

61

197Japanese/Journalism and Mass Communications Japanese 311 (3)--Advanced Japanese I  

E-print Network

197Japanese/Journalism and Mass Communications Japanese 311 (3)--Advanced Japanese I Prerequisites and written responses to a variety of literary materials, including relevant journal and newspaperarticles.) Staff. Offeredwheninterestisexpressedanddepartmental resourcespermit. JOURNALISM AND MASS COMMUNICATIONS

Dresden, Gregory

62

Is Japanese Education the "Exception"?: Examining the Situated Articulation of Neo-Liberalism through the Analysis of Policy Keywords  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article builds on the author's earlier work, published in Vol. 28 No. 1 of this journal, that critiqued the Orientalist legacy in Anglo-American discussions of Japanese education. One of the manifestations of this legacy is the prevailing view among the Anglo-American observers of Japanese education that Japanese education is the "exception"…

Takayama, Keita

2009-01-01

63

Design Step 5: Construct a Prototype  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn about the manufacturing phase of the engineering design process. They start by building prototypes, which is a special type of model used to test new design ideas. Students gain experience using a variety of simple building materials, such as foam core board, balsa wood, cardstock and hot glue. They present their prototypes to the class for user testing and create prototype iterations based on feedback. (Note: Conduct this activity in the context of a design project that students are working on; this activity is Step 5 in a series of six that guide students through the engineering design loop.)

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

64

The Japanese American Story.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a view of the Japanese American experience from the time of their immigration to this country in the 1800s to their acculturation into American society in the 1970s. Topics dealt with include the prejudice and mistrust experienced by the Japanese immigrants in this country, particularly their evacuation and internment in…

Fukei, Budd

65

Integrated prototyping environment for programmable automation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose a rapid prototyping environment for robotic systems, based on tenets of modularity, reconfigurability and extendibility that may help build robot systems `faster, better, and cheaper.' Given a task specification, (e.g., repair brake assembly), the user browses through a library of building blocks that include both hardware and software components. Software advisors or critics recommend how blocks may be `snapped' together to speedily construct alternative ways to satisfy task requirements. Mechanisms to allow `swapping' competing modules for comparative test and evaluation studies are also included in the prototyping environment. After some iterations, a stable configuration or `wiring diagram' emerges. This customized version of the general prototyping environment still contains all the hooks needed to incorporate future improvements in component technologies and to obviate unplanned obsolescence. The prototyping environment so described is relevant for both interactive robot programming (telerobotics) and iterative robot system development (prototyping).

da Costa, Francis; Hwang, Vincent S. S.; Khosla, Pradeep K.; Lumia, Ronald

1992-11-01

66

Japanese Economy Rallies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On Tuesday, March 20, 2001, Tokyo share prices rallied due to rumors that the Bank of Japan may try to boost the economy by buying stocks. By Wednesday morning, the Nikkei 225 index surged 7.5 percent after the Japanese yen had hit a 22-month low of 123.5 yen per dollar earlier this week. The national banks have been saddled with massive debts, estimated at 64 trillion yen or $521 billion and have been researching ways to revive their economy. According to Japanese economic ministers, the Japanese government will have a plan for dealing with the national banks' debt within the next six months. The Japanese government's new plan of investing into its banking system worries some US government officials who fear that the falling price of the yen will make Japanese imports cheaper and, therefore, more competitive with products made in the US.

Missner, Emily D.

67

Chinese and Japanese calendars (from a Japanese perspective)  

E-print Network

Chinese and Japanese calendars (from a Japanese perspective) (Denis Roegel) (roegel@loria.fr) (corrected version, 28 April 2008) Y Denis Roegel Chinese and Japanese calendars #12;Warning in advance! Denis Roegel Chinese and Japanese calendars #12;Mystery? ? [M]ost [Chinese] people do

Roegel, Denis

68

EVALUATION OF A PROTOTYPE SOLAR AWNING A prototype solar awning has been designed and installed on  

E-print Network

. The data are also available over the internet. The solar awning produces electricity, reduces heat buildupEVALUATION OF A PROTOTYPE SOLAR AWNING ABSTRACT A prototype solar awning has been designed and installed on a University of Oregon campus building. The solar awning is composed of a light shelf

Oregon, University of

69

The evolution of Japanese management: lessons for U.S. managers.  

PubMed

To find the key to the success of Japanese economic performance since World War II, Marsland and Beer explore five main "environmental" factors used by Japanese firms to build a successful human resources management approach: Japanese social values, the structure of private enterprise, the structure of labor markets, the historic development of the Japanese employment system, and the structure of Japanese management. This discussion shows that post-war Japanese management, faced with rapid change, introduced new concepts and techniques that reinforced and maintained certain social values and traditions that fit well with human resources management objectives. This skillful blend of new ideas with traditional values enabled the Japanese to achieve superior economic performance. PMID:10259590

Marsland, S; Beer, M

1983-01-01

70

Japanese resource dependence  

SciTech Connect

This thesis is an examination of Japan's strategic resource dependence and her reliance of the three raw materials-rich regions of Southeast Asia (ASEAN), the Persian Gulf, and Southern Africa. A discussion of the Japanese formula for securing resources in the less developed countries of the 'South' is included along with a brief overview of her onshore resource utilization in business/industry. The roles of direct foreign investment, official development assistance, energy conservation, and Japanese multinationalization are discussed.

Sim, R.W.

1982-03-01

71

Health Information in Japanese (???): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... English SARS???????? - ??? (Japanese) PDF Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CT Scans CT (Computerized Tomography) Scan CT (??????????) ???? - ??? (Japanese) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations D Return to top Dementia Types of Dementia ?????? - ??? (Japanese) ... - ??? (Japanese) Bilingual ...

72

Japanese industrial research on lean combustion: A case study: International Research Monitoring Program  

SciTech Connect

In recent years, Japanese automakers have introduced a number of successful lean-combustion engines. These engines, in addition to the general expertise in building small cars, have made the Japanese automobiles into the gas mileage champions of the US market. The lean-combustion engines also provide very satisfactory performance and acceptable emissions. United States automakers and research managers, who were probably better informed about lean-combustion than the Japanese were, actively investigated lean-combustion but did not develop an engine. This report examines the basis for the Japanese innovations, the research that took the Japanese past the US state of the art to permit engine development. A preliminary review of recent (1980s) Japanese literature did not turn up strong evidence of new research activity in the lean-combustion area, but did provide background on new engines developed by several major manufacturers. The study was conducted solely through the Japanese and US published literature, with emphasis on early research conducted in the 1970s. This report presents an example of how Japanese research progress can be examined by reviewing the Japanese research literature. Although useful information was obtained by this method, it is still difficult to get a complete picture. When reviewing the literature, as was done for this report, one must remember that the marginal use of references by Japanese researchers obscures prior work, as does the tendency of the Japanese to publish several articles on similar or identical topics. 50 refs., 15 figs.

Hane, G.J.; Hutchinson, R.A.

1987-08-01

73

Rapid prototype and test  

SciTech Connect

In order to support advanced manufacturing, Sandia has acquired the capability to produce plastic prototypes using stereolithography. Currently, these prototypes are used mainly to verify part geometry and ``fit and form`` checks. This project investigates methods for rapidly testing these plastic prototypes, and inferring from prototype test data actual metal part performance and behavior. Performances examined include static load/stress response, and structural dynamic (modal) and vibration behavior. The integration of advanced non-contacting measurement techniques including scanning laser velocimetry, laser holography, and thermoelasticity into testing of these prototypes is described. Photoelastic properties of the epoxy prototypes to reveal full field stress/strain fields are also explored.

Gregory, D.L.; Hansche, B.D.

1996-06-01

74

Japanese Encephalitis: Frequently Asked Questions  

MedlinePLUS

... of Page How long does the Japanese encephalitis vaccination last? The duration of protection is unknown. For ... What are the side effects of Japanese encephalitis vaccination? Pain and tenderness are the most commonly reported ...

75

The energy performance of prototype holographic glazings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the simulation of the energy performance of prototype holographic glazings in commercial office buildings in a California climate. These prototype glazings, installed above conventional side windows, are designed to diffract the transmitted solar radiation and reflect it off the ceiling, providing adequate daylight illumination for typical office tasks up to 10m from the window. In this study, we experimentally determined a comprehensive set of solar-optical properties and characterized the contribution of the prototype holographic glazings to workplane illuminance in a scale model of a typical office space. We then used the scale model measurements to simulate the energy performance of the holographic glazings over the course of an entire year for four window orientations (North, East, South and West) for the inland Los Angeles climate, using the DOE-2.lD building energy analysis computer program. The results of our experimental analyses indicate that these prototype holographic glazings diffract only a small fraction of the incident light. The results of this study indicate that these prototype holographic glazings will not save energy in commercial office buildings. Their performance is very similar to that of clear glass, which, through side windows, cannot efficiently illuminate more than a 4-6 m depth of a building's perimeter, because the cooling penalties due to solar heat gain are greater than the electric lighting savings due to daylighting.

Papamichael, K.; Beltran, L.; Furler, R.; Lee, E. S.; Selkowitz, S.; Rubin, M.

1993-02-01

76

UCSF Japanese Prints Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California at San Francisco has spent thirty years cultivating its collection of Japanese woodblock prints, and it has become an important part of the Library's East Asian Collection. The collection of 400 digitized prints concern Japanese health-related topics from the mid-19th century, and portray the gradual acceptance of Western medicine. Visitors can view the collection by theme or perform a search to find something more specific. The themes include "Contagious Diseases", which focuses on smallpox, measles and cholera, "Foreigners and Disease", which highlights the Japanese belief that foreigners carried diseases to Japan, and "Drug Advertisements". The "Drug Advertisements" are quite possibly the most beautiful drug ads in existence, and they feature elaborate images of drugs slaying disease, kabuki actors promoting a show sponsored by a children's medicine, Kindoru powder, and a detailed rendering of the interior of a drugstore, printed on a fan that was given out as a promotional item to advertise the business.

77

PROTOTYPE COMPETITION -The Competition  

E-print Network

ESCALADE PROTOTYPE COMPETITION - #12;The Competition Hi Everyone - My name is Yekutiel Sherman and I would like to invite you to join the Escalade Prototype Competition which is open to all started . The deadline for the Escalade Prototype Competition is 31st December 2012. http

Dov, Avigad

78

203Japanese/Journalism and Mass Communications Japanese 311 (3)--Advanced Japanese I  

E-print Network

203Japanese/Journalism and Mass Communications Japanese 311 (3)--Advanced Japanese I Prerequisites and written responses to a variety of literary materials, including relevant journal and news- paper articles interest is expressed and departmental resources permit. JournAlISm AnD mASS CommunICAtIonS (Jour

Dresden, Gregory

79

Japanese Language Program Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide presents the philosophy, goals, and objectives, as well as the scope and sequence of Japanese language instruction at the secondary level for the public schools of Hawaii. The guide is intended to aid schools in developing their own instructional program and objectives. The six chapters of the guide treat the following points: (1)…

Hawaii State Dept. of Education, Honolulu. Office of Instructional Services.

80

‘Spring Showers’ Japanese Snowbell  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

A Japanese snowbell (Styrax japonicus) cultivar was released in 2011 by the U.S. National Arboretum. ‘Spring Showers’ was selected from a group of open-pollinated seedlings for its delayed bud break, which allows it to escape damage from late spring freezes. It has grown to 12 ft tall and 8 ft wid...

81

The Japanese academic profession  

Microsoft Academic Search

The historical background to the emergence of the Japanese system of higher education is described, attention being drawn to the link established between national aims and those of the university and to the system of gakubatsu (a form of patronage for graduates of a particular university). Post World War II expansion brought junior colleges (tanki-daigaku) into the sphere of higher

Michiya Shimbori

1981-01-01

82

The Japanese Academic Profession.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The history of Japanese higher education includes development of a patronage system that, despite the broadening of the system, still affects faculty careers. Institutional ranking limits professional mobility, and individuals may spend undergraduate, graduate, and faculty careers at the same institution. Teaching abroad is also severely limited.…

Shimbori, Michiya

1981-01-01

83

Animism inside Japanese animations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Animism and the Nature-friendly ideology are something like the air that exists naturally for the Japanese. The common values such as a sacredness of the Nature and the sweetness of the Nature for human beings also work as important themes in today\\

Hayao Miyazaki; Mikyung Bak

84

Virtual prototyping to design better corporate buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

For new generations of decision-makers virtual worlds will be a normal part of their lives due to the gaming and filming industries. Their future needs for visualisation, serious gaming, and decision-making in support of new technologies will emerge and grow, and will finally be fulfilled. This development will be especially useful in the context of social architecture for organizations. Virtual

Mark P. Mobach

2010-01-01

85

Move F and ga/no Conversion in Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines Ga/No conversion in Japanese under the Move F theory of movement (Chomsky, 1995). Building on Miyagawa's (1993) analysis, argues that a genitive phrase raises out of a prenominal gapless clause in either overt or covert syntax. (Author/VWL)

Ochi, Masao

2001-01-01

86

FARM: A Prototyping Environment for Tightly-Coupled, Heterogeneous Architectures  

E-print Network

FARM: A Prototyping Environment for Tightly-Coupled, Heterogeneous Architectures Tayo Oguntebi, but are traditionally more difficult and costly to build. We present the Flexible Architecture Research Machine (FARM), a hardware prototyping system based on an FPGA coherently connected to a multiprocessor system. FARM sub

Kozyrakis, Christos

87

Japanese international marketing strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last 30 years, Japan has come from a second-rate status to the world?s economic giant, leading the world in electronics, automobiles, steel, shipbuilding and virtually anything else to which she has set her mind. The Japanese aim was and still is to be world-class suppliers of the major high volume items in the largest international markets. This focus

Alain Genestre; Paul Herbig; Alan T. Shao

1995-01-01

88

Directory of Japanese researchers available  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Center for Science Information System Japanese Scientific and Engineering Database Access Project, sponsored by the National Science Foundation and Japan's NACSIS, has added four new databases to its free service, bringing the total number of available databases to 13.The new Directory of Japanese Researchers covers researchers affiliated with Japanese universities and academic research centers. Each researcher is listed by name, date of birth, organizational affiliation, education and degrees, memberships and awards, areas of specialization, and representative publications. Non-Japanese researchers are also covered.

89

Build a Toy Workshop  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Working as if they are engineers who work for (the hypothetical) Build-a-Toy Workshop company, students apply their imaginations and the engineering design process to design and build prototype toys with moving parts. They set up electric circuits using batteries, wire and motors. They create plans for project material expenses to meet a budget.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

90

Issei: Japanese Immigrants in Hawaii.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Coming to Hawaii before July 1, 1924, when the Japanese Exclusion Act became effective, the experiences of the Issei or first generation are described. Divided into four parts, this book examines the experiences of Japanese immigrants in Hawaii from 1885 through 1970. Part 1, "The Formation and Stabilization of the Issei Community," explores the…

Kimura, Yukiko

91

Polygonaceae (Smartweed family) Japanese knotweed  

E-print Network

. Leaves Alternate, broadly egg- shaped, sometimes heart-shaped with a squared leaf base. Stems Stout knotweed ocrea. Japanese knotweed foliage and flowers. Back to identifying Christmas tree weeds. #12. Schmidt) Differs by having a greater height and heart-shaped leaf base. Japanese knotweed foliage

92

Asian Pacific Perspectives: Japanese Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These instructional materials on Japanese Americans for elementary students were developed through the K.E.Y.S. project (Knowledge of English Yields Success). Information is included on early immigrants, their historical and cultural background, and current problems of Japanese Americans. Resource guides describe the purpose of the unit, how to…

Los Angeles Unified School District, CA.

93

The Japanese University in Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Japanese education has been a focus of comparative studies for the past 20 years. Many scholars have attributed the economic success of this industrialized society to a highly literate and well-educated population. Recent studies, however, have tended to be more critical of, in particular, Japanese higher education (HE). Indeed, most universities…

Amano, Ikuo; Poole, Gregory S.

2005-01-01

94

Ovotestis in a Japanese Medaka  

Microsoft Academic Search

We observed ovotestis in Japanese medaka Oryzias latipes used to study the effects of bromodichloromethane (BDCM) on gonadal differentiation. Bromodichloromethane, a trihalomethane, is a drinking water disinfection byproduct. Seven-day-old Japanese medaka (n = 30 fish per treatment) were exposed for 10 d to nominal concentrations of BDCM (10 or 25 mg\\/L) in dimethyl sulfoxide, a carrier solvent control, or a

Wade Getsfrid; Arunthavarani Thiyagarajah; William R. Hartley; Octavia Conerly

2004-01-01

95

PRMS Data Warehousing Prototype  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Project and Resource Management System (PRMS) is a web-based, mid-level management tool developed at KSC to provide a unified enterprise framework for Project and Mission management. The addition of a data warehouse as a strategic component to the PRMS is investigated through the analysis design and implementation processes of a data warehouse prototype. As a proof of concept, a demonstration of the prototype with its OLAP's technology for multidimensional data analysis is made. The results of the data analysis and the design constraints are discussed. The prototype can be used to motivate interest and support for an operational data warehouse.

Guruvadoo, Eranna K.

2001-01-01

96

PRMS Data Warehousing Prototype  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Project and Resource Management System (PRMS) is a web-based, mid-level management tool developed at KSC to provide a unified enterprise framework for Project and Mission management. The addition of a data warehouse as a strategic component to the PRMS is investigated through the analysis, design and implementation processes of a data warehouse prototype. As a proof of concept, a demonstration of the prototype with its OLAP's technology for multidimensional data analysis is made. The results of the data analysis and the design constraints are discussed. The prototype can be used to motivate interest and support for an operational data warehouse.

Guruvadoo, Eranna K.

2002-01-01

97

Correlation engine prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The CERN monitoring prototype, part of the fabric management work package (WP4) of the DataGrid project, task Monitoring, collects monitoring data from farm nodes in CERN into a central monitoring database. Performing correlations on the data in the monitoring database should help to foresee exceptions on individual nodes or node groups and to analyze performance of the farm. The Correlation Engine Prototype has been developed to provide easy adding of new correlations of monitoring data and actions triggered in case of exceptions. The current prototype is written in Perl. The results of the correlation engine can be accessed through a web-interface.

Pose, V.; Panzer-Steindel, B.

2003-04-01

98

Virtual Japanese Rhinoceros Beetle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a 3D virtual reality image of the "Japanese Rhinoceros Beetle," or Allomyrina dichotoma (family Scarabaeidae, subfamily Dynastinae). Menu tools can be used to rotate and/or zoom in on the image. The clarity of the image is excellent, but gets slightly blurry when fully zoomed. This is a high quality resource for teaching, especially for topics involving insect morphology. The Cornell University "Beetle Science" home page (http://www.explore.cornell.edu/scene.cfm?scene=Beetle%20Science) has many more excellent resources for teachers and students. QuickTime 5.0 is required to view it, which possibly could limit users with older or public computers.

0002-11-30

99

Prototype resupply scheduler  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Resupply scheduling for the Space Station presents some formidable logistics problems. One of the most basic problems is assigning supplies to a series of shuttle resupply missions. A prototype logistics expert system which constructs resupply schedules was developed. This prototype is able to reconstruct feasible resupply plans. In addition, analysts can use the system to evaluate the impact of adding, deleting or modifying launches, cargo space, experiments, etc.

Tanner, Steve; Hughes, Angi; Byrd, Jim

1987-01-01

100

"Honeymoon psychosis" in Japanese tourists to Hawaii.  

PubMed

Although Japanese tourists in Hawaii are infrequently treated for acute psychiatric emergencies, we observed several cases among Japanese honeymooners. To investigate this phenomenon, we retrospectively and prospectively collected such cases of honeymooners. Sixteen cases of acute psychiatric disturbance in Japanese honeymooners in Hawaii are described. This phenomenon occurs more frequently than in other Japanese tourists or non-Japanese honeymooners. The tradition of arranged marriage and other cultural factors may be associated with the potential for "honeymoon psychosis." PMID:9277018

Langen, D; Streltzer, J; Kai, M

1997-01-01

101

Japanese viral encephalitis  

PubMed Central

One of the leading causes of acute encephalopathy in children in the tropics is Japanese encephalitis (JE). Transmitted by the culex mosquito, this neurotropic virus predominately affects the thalamus, anterior horns of the spinal cord, cerebral cortex, and cerebellum. It mainly affects children <15 years and is mostly asymptomatic. The occasional symptomatic child typically presents with a neurological syndrome characterised by altered sensorium, seizures, and features of intracranial hypertension. Aetiological diagnosis is based on virus isolation or demonstration of virus specific antigen or antibodies in the cerebrospinal fluid/blood. Though no antiviral drug is available against JE, effective supportive management can improve the outcome. Control of JE involves efficient vector control and appropriate use of vaccines. PMID:11930023

Tiroumourougane, S; Raghava, P; Srinivasan, S

2002-01-01

102

Application of Montague grammar to English-Japanese machine translation  

SciTech Connect

English-Japanese machine translation requires a large amount of structural transformation in both grammatical and conceptual level. In order to make the control structure clearer and more understandable, this paper proposes a model based on Montague grammar. The translation process is modelled as a data flow computation process. Formal description tools are developed and a prototype system is constructed. Various problems which arise in this modelling and their solutions are described. Results of experiments are shown and the extent to which initial goals are achieved is discussed. 14 references.

Nishida, T.; Doshita, S.

1983-01-01

103

Japanese attitudes towards foreign languages.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study is to clarify Japanese attitudes towards foreign languages based on the kinds and changes of TV and radio programs that aired on the Japanese national broadcasting station (NHK) between 1955 and 2000. Foreign language programs are classified into three groups according to their content: 1) cultivation, 2) education, or 3) communication. For Japanese people, foreign languages are the measures of intelligence and intellect. Studying a foreign language is considered a sign of intelligence whether or not it is used for actual communication. The number of foreign language programs has increased tremendously since 1965 in part because the global economy has brought many countries in such close contact. Since 1990, programs for the purpose of communication have increased because of the necessity to communicate with foreign people. Japanese attitudes towards studying foreign languages have been changing gradually from an intellectual purpose to a communication purpose. PMID:15156734

Abe, Keiko

2004-01-01

104

Laboratory prototype flash evaporator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A laboratory prototype flash evaporator that is being developed as a candidate for the space shuttle environmental control system expendable heat sink is described. The single evaporator configuration uses water as an evaporant to accommodate reentry and on-orbit peak heat loads, and Freon 22 for terrestrial flight phases below 120,000 feet altitude. The design features, fabrication techniques used for the prototype unit, redundancy considerations, and the fluid temperature control arrangement are reported in detail. The results of an extensive test program to determine the evaporator operational characteristics under a wide variety of conditions are presented.

Gaddis, J. L.

1972-01-01

105

Japanese Fine Prints, Pre-1915  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The online division of Prints and Photographs from the Library of Congress has digitized many of their more than 2500 Japanese woodblock prints. To become familiar with the print traditions in Japanese art, visitors should click on the link entitled "Background and Scope". Users can browse by creator, subject or format. Each individual image may be viewed in a variety of file sizes and formats, as well as downloaded.

106

The Morikami Museum & Japanese Gardens  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Palm Beach County in Southern Florida is the home of the Morikami Museum and Japanese Gardens. For armchair travelers, the quickest way there is via their fine website, where some of their exhibitions and collections can be found. The "Collection" tab at the top of the page will take the visitor to over 1000 images of items in their collection, most of which are from the mid 19th century to the late 20th century, and are articles of daily Japanese life, such as bottles, door pulls, dolls, and foot warmers. Visitors should not miss the "Japanese Gardens" section of the website, as there is a photo gallery of the six gardens on the museums grounds. The introduction to the gardens state that the Journal of Japanese Gardening ranks these gardens eighth out of over 300 Japanese gardens outside of Japan. There is a PDF of a "Garden Guide" available in English and Spanish, and the link to all of the photos of the gardens is in the middle of the "Japanese Gardens" page. [KMG

107

Rapid Prototyping in PVS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

PVSio is a conservative extension to the PVS prelude library that provides basic input/output capabilities to the PVS ground evaluator. It supports rapid prototyping in PVS by enhancing the specification language with built-in constructs for string manipulation, floating point arithmetic, and input/output operations.

Munoz, Cesar A.; Butler, Ricky (Technical Monitor)

2003-01-01

108

Prompt and Precise Prototyping  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

For Sanders Design International, Inc., of Wilton, New Hampshire, every passing second between the concept and realization of a product is essential to succeed in the rapid prototyping industry where amongst heavy competition, faster time-to-market means more business. To separate itself from its rivals, Sanders Design aligned with NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center to develop what it considers to be the most accurate rapid prototyping machine for fabrication of extremely precise tooling prototypes. The company's Rapid ToolMaker System has revolutionized production of high quality, small-to-medium sized prototype patterns and tooling molds with an exactness that surpasses that of computer numerically-controlled (CNC) machining devices. Created with funding and support from Marshall under a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract, the Rapid ToolMaker is a dual-use technology with applications in both commercial and military aerospace fields. The advanced technology provides cost savings in the design and manufacturing of automotive, electronic, and medical parts, as well as in other areas of consumer interest, such as jewelry and toys. For aerospace applications, the Rapid ToolMaker enables fabrication of high-quality turbine and compressor blades for jet engines on unmanned air vehicles, aircraft, and missiles.

2003-01-01

109

Rapid Prototyping Reconsidered  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Continuing educators need additional strategies for developing new programming that can both reduce the time to market and lower the cost of development. Rapid prototyping, a time-compression technique adapted from the high technology industry, represents one such strategy that merits renewed evaluation. Although in higher education rapid…

Desrosier, James

2011-01-01

110

Cost Effective Prototyping  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This laboratory exercise seeks to develop a cost effective prototype development. The exercise has the potential of linking part design, CAD, mold development, quality control, metrology, mold flow, materials testing, fixture design, automation, limited parts production and other issues as related to plastics manufacturing.

Wickman, Jerry L.; Kundu, Nikhil K.

1996-01-01

111

Ground Systems Development Environment (GSDE) interface requirements and prototyping plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report describes the data collection and requirements analysis effort of the Ground System Development Environment (GSDE) Interface Requirements study. It identifies potential problems in the interfaces among applications and processors in the heterogeneous systems that comprises the GSDE. It describes possible strategies for addressing those problems. It also identifies areas for further research and prototyping to demonstrate the capabilities and feasibility of those strategies and defines a plan for building the necessary software prototypes.

Church, Victor E.; Philips, John; Bassman, Mitchell; Williams, C.

1990-01-01

112

Japanese Balloon Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency conducts domestic balloon campaigns at Taiki Aerospace Research Field (TARF) in Hokkaido since 2008. The ballooning at TARF becomes stable after four year operation. Because the field faces to the Pacific Ocean, heavy balloons and payloads can be launched safely using a very unique sliding launcher. Recoveries at the inshore along the Tokachi coast can be done very quickly and smoothly. Unfortunately, flight opportunities are recently limited due to unfriendly weather condition. Unstable Jet stream also prevents us to have so-called `boomerang flight' to achieve long flight duration more than several hours. Six balloon-borne experiments were carried out in 2010 and 2011. Three of them were demonstrations of challenges of space engineering, two were in-situ atmospheric observation, and one was the technical flight of new high-resolution ?-ray telescope. In addition to these flights, we carried out two launches for next generation balloons: one for Tawara-shaped superpressure balloon and the other for ultra-thin high-altitude balloon. In this paper, recent activities of the Japanese scientific balloon program will be introduced. On-going development of the balloon system will also be presented.

Yoshida, Tetsuya; Fuke, Hideyuki; Shoji, Yasuhiro; Iijima, Issei; Izutsu, Naoki; Kato, Yoichi; Matsuzaka, Yukihiko; Mizuta, Eiichi; Sato, Takatoshi; Tamura, Keisuke; Saito, Yoshitaka; Kakehashi, Yuya

2012-07-01

113

Color constancy in Japanese animation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, we measure the colors used in a Japanese Animations. The result can be seen on CIE-xy color spaces. It clearly shows that the color system is not a natural appearance system but an imagined and artistic appearance system. Color constancy of human vision can tell the difference in skin and hair colors between under moonlight and day light. Human brain generates a match to the memorized color of an object from daylight viewing conditions to the color of the object in different viewing conditions. For example, Japanese people always perceive the color of the Rising Sun in the Japanese flag as red even in a different viewing condition such as under moonlight. Color images captured by a camera cannot present those human perceptions. However, Japanese colorists in Animation succeeded in painting the effects of color constancy not only under moonlight but also added the memory matching colors. They aim to create a greater impact on viewer's perceptions by using the effect of the memory matching colors. In this paper, we propose the Imagined Japanese Animation Color System. This system in art is currently a subject of research in Japan. Its importance is that it could also provide an explanation on how human brain perceives the same color under different viewing conditions.

Ichihara, Yasuyo G.

2006-01-01

114

Homogamy and Intermarriage of Japanese and Japanese Americans with Whites Surrounding World War II  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although some sociologists have suggested that Japanese Americans quickly assimilated into mainstream America, scholars of Japanese America have highlighted the heightened exclusion that the group experienced. This study tracked historical shifts in the exclusion level of Japanese and Japanese Americans in the United States surrounding World War…

Ono, Hiromi; Berg, Justin

2010-01-01

115

Mars Spark Source Prototype  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Mars Spark Source Prototype (MSSP) hardware has been developed as part of a proof of concept system for the detection of trace metals such as lead, cadmium, and arsenic in Martian dusts and soils. A spark discharge produces plasma from a soil sample and detectors measure the optical emission from metals in the plasma that will allow their identification and quantification. Trace metal measurements are vital for the assessment of the potential toxicity of the Martian environment for human exploration. The current method of X-ray fluorescence can yield concentrations only of major species. Other instruments are incompatible with the volume, weight, and power constraints for a Mars mission. The instrument will be developed primarily for use in the Martian environment, but would be adaptable for terrestrial use in environmental monitoring. This paper describes the Mars Spark Source Prototype hardware, the results of the characterization tests, and future plans for hardware development.

Eichenberg, Dennis J.; Lindamood, Glenn R.; Weiland, Karen J.; VanderWal, Randall L.

1999-01-01

116

3. Historic American Buildings Survey W. N. Manning, Photographer, March ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Historic American Buildings Survey W. N. Manning, Photographer, March 14, 1935 VIEW IN DINING ROOM SHOWING JAPANESE CHINA CLOSET, S.W. - John Bullard House, Harrogate Springs Road vicinity, Wetumpka, Elmore County, AL

117

Prototype slide stainer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The prototype slide staining system capable of performing both one-component Wright's staining of blood smears and eight-step Gram staining of heat fixed slides of microorganisms is described. Attention was given to liquid containment, waste handling, absence of contamination from previous staining, and stability of the staining reagents. The unit is self-contained, capable of independent operation under one- or zero-g conditions, and compatible with Skylab A.

1971-01-01

118

Stereolithography and Rapid Prototyping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stereolithography is a “rapid prototyping” or additive manufacturing process that has been used to fabricate 3D and high aspect\\u000a ratio microstructures for customized packaging of microfluidic devices and microsensors. Microstereolithography denotes a\\u000a collection of processes and technologies that can fabricate devices and packages with improved resolution, with features down\\u000a to 1 ?m in size. We show the feasibility of the

David W. Rosen

119

Ghana Watershed Prototype Products  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Introduction/Background A number of satellite data sets are available through the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) for monitoring land surface features. Representative data sets include Landsat, Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER), and Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM). The Ghana Watershed Prototype Products cover an area within southern Ghana, Africa, and include examples of the aforementioned data sets along with sample SRTM derivative data sets.

U.S. Geological Survey

2007-01-01

120

Majorana Thermosyphon Prototype Experimental Setup  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the experimental setup of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR thermosyphon prototype cooling system. A nitrogen thermosyphon prototype of such a system has been built and tested at PNNL. This document presents the experimental setup of the prototype that successfully demonstrated the heat transfer performance of the system.

Reid, Douglas J.; Guzman, Anthony D.; Munley, John T.

2011-08-01

121

Stars and cosmology in Japanese mythology.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For long time, it was believed that Japanese since ancient times were not so interested in stars. But the examinations of ancient texts have revealed that there were some descriptions of stars and constellations in Japanese mythology. This shows that Japanese also had interest in stars and created the mythology of constellations like other peoples. In this paper, the author explains and analyzes the cosmology in acient Japanese myths.

Katsumata, T.

122

Chromosome abnormalities in Japanese quail embryos  

E-print Network

Chromosome abnormalities in Japanese quail embryos CA de la Sena NS Fechheimer KE Nestor The Ohio-Auzeville, 10-13 July 1990) Japanese quail / embryos / heteroploidy / chromosomes INTRODUCTION Embryos zygotes and the etiology of heteroploid zygotes and embryos (Fechheimer, 1981, 1990). The Japanese quail

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

123

Gender and Language in Japanese Preschool Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the relation between gender and language use in Japanese preschool children. Gender-based differences in Japanese include phonological, lexical, and morphosyntactical differences, as well as differences in conversational style. Data come from monthly naturalistic observations of 24 monolingual Japanese boys and girls engaged in same-sex…

Nakamura, Keiko

2001-01-01

124

Japanese/Korean Linguistics, Volume 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collection of research in Japanese and Korean linguistics includes: "Repetition, Reformulation, and Definitions: Prosodic Indexes of Elaboration in Japanese" (Mieko Banno); "Projection of Talk Using Language, Intonation, Deictic and Iconic Gestures and Other Body Movements" (Keiko Emmett); "Turn-taking in Japanese Political Debate: Syntax,…

Silva, David J., Ed.

125

Demonstrating a Realistic IP Mission Prototype  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Flight software and hardware and realistic space communications environments were elements of recent demonstrations of the Internet Protocol (IP) mission concept in the lab. The Operating Missions as Nodes on the Internet (OMNI) Project and the Flight Software Branch at NASA/GSFC collaborated to build the prototype of a representative space mission that employed unmodified off-the-shelf Internet protocols and technologies for end-to-end communications between the spacecraft/instruments and the ground system/users. The realistic elements used in the prototype included an RF communications link simulator and components of the TRIANA mission flight software and ground support system. A web-enabled camera connected to the spacecraft computer via an Ethernet LAN represented an on-board instrument creating image data. In addition to the protocols at the link layer (HDLC), transport layer (UDP, TCP), and network (IP) layer, a reliable file delivery protocol (MDP) at the application layer enabled reliable data delivery both to and from the spacecraft. The standard Network Time Protocol (NTP) performed on-board clock synchronization with a ground time standard. The demonstrations of the prototype mission illustrated some of the advantages of using Internet standards and technologies for space missions, but also helped identify issues that must be addressed. These issues include applicability to embedded real-time systems on flight-qualified hardware, range of applicability of TCP, and liability for and maintenance of commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) products. The NASA Earth Science Technology Office (ESTO) funded the collaboration to build and demonstrate the prototype IP mission.

Rash, James; Ferrer, Arturo B.; Goodman, Nancy; Ghazi-Tehrani, Samira; Polk, Joe; Johnson, Lorin; Menke, Greg; Miller, Bill; Criscuolo, Ed; Hogie, Keith

2003-01-01

126

Other Japanese Educations and Japanese Education Otherwise. Review Essay  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education in the United States was in a state of "crisis" at the time of the 1983 release of "A Nation at Risk," the landmark report on the US education reform. This was the time when the rising Japanese economy started threatening the post-war US economic dominance and conservative figures such as Ronald Reagan gained popular support. Subsequent…

Takayama, Keita

2011-01-01

127

Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report, Reference Volume 2: Final residential and commercial building prototypes and DOE-2.1E developed UECs and EUIs; Part 3  

SciTech Connect

This section contains the detailed measured impact results and market segment data for each DSM case examined for this building type. A complete index of all base and measure cases defined for this building type is shown first. This index represents an expansion of the base and measure matrix presented in Table 1 (residential) or Table 2 (commercial) for the applicable sector. Following this index, a summary report sheet is provided for each DSM measure case in the order shown in the index. The summary report sheet contains a host of information and selected graphs which define and depict the measure impacts and outline the market segment data assumptions utilized for each case in the DBEDT DSM Forecasting models. The variables and figures included in the summary report sheet are described. Numerous tables and figures are included.

NONE

1995-04-01

128

Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report, Reference Volume 2: Final residential and commercial building prototypes and DOE-2.1E developed UECs and EUIs; Part 2  

SciTech Connect

This section contains the detailed measured impact results and market segment data for each DSM case examined for this building type. A complete index of all base and measure cases defined for this building type is shown first. This index represents an expansion of the base and measure matrix presented in Table 1 (residential) or Table 2 (commercial) for the applicable sector. Following this index, a summary report sheet is provided for each DSM measure case in the order shown in the index. The summary report sheet contains a host of information and selected graphs which define and depict the measure impacts and outline the market segment data assumptions utilized for each case in the DBEDT DSM Forecasting models. The variables and figures included in the summary report sheet are described. Numerous tables and figures are included.

NONE

1995-04-01

129

Internet Banking System Prototype  

E-print Network

Internet Banking System refers to systems that enable bank customers to access accounts and general information on bank products and services through a personal computer or other intelligent device. Internet banking products and services can include detailed account information for corporate customers as well as account summery and transfer money. Ultimately, the products and services obtained through Internet Banking may mirror products and services offered through other bank delivery channels. In this paper, Internet Banking System Prototype has been proposed in order to illustrate the services which is provided by the Bank online services.

Alnaqeib, Rami; Jalab, Hamid A; Zaidan, M A; Hmood, Ali K

2010-01-01

130

AMS Prototyping Activities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the activity around the Asynchronous Message Service (AMS) prototype. An AMS reference implementation has been available since late 2005. It is aimed at supporting message exchange both in on-board environments and over space links. The implementation incoroporates all mandatory elements of the draft recommendation from July 2007: (1) MAMS, AMS, and RAMS protocols. (2) Failover, heartbeats, resync. (3) "Hooks" for security, but no cipher suites included in the distribution. The performance is reviewed, and a Benchmark latency test over VxWorks Message Queues is shown as histograms of a count vs microseconds per 1000-byte message

Burleigh, Scott

2008-01-01

131

The Japanese Domestic Labor Debate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The changing role of Japanese women can be seen in the stages of a domestic labor debate which occurred at three different times in the past 30 years. The first debate began with Ayako Ishigaki's (1955) insistence that women should have a job outside the home. Wartime production helped break down traditional divisions of labor by encouraging women…

Ueno, Chizuko

132

Japanese at Mimosa Elementary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Japanese program at Mimosa Elementary School in Roswell, Georgia. The success of the program has been aided by collaborative team teaching, a spiraled curriculum, creative teaching methods, Teacher -made materials, and communication among teachers, parents, and administrators. he challenges are also discussed. (Author/VWL)

Uchihara, Azusa

2001-01-01

133

A Survey of JAPANESE RESEARCH  

E-print Network

L. Udall, Secretary James K. Carr, UnderSecretary Frank P. Briggs, Assistant Secretary for Fish, D. C. January 1964 #12;A SURVEY OF JAPANESE RESEARCH ON SHELLFISHERIES AND SEAWEEDS by John B. Clude, D. C . INTRODUCTION Molluscan shellfish have been cultured in Japan for several centuries

134

Prototype dining hall energy efficiency study  

SciTech Connect

The energy consumption of food service facilities is among the highest of any commercial building type, owing to the special requirements for food preparation, sanitation, and ventilation. Consequently, the US Air Force Engineering and Services Center (AFESC) contracted with Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) to collect and analyze end-use energy consumption data for a prototypical dining hall and make specific recommendations on cost-effective energy conservation options. This information will be used to establish or update criteria for dining hall designs and retrofits as appropriate. 6 refs., 21 figs., 23 tabs.

Mazzucchi, R.P.; Bailey, S.A.; Zimmerman, P.W.

1988-06-01

135

Japanese set to direct `sun-power' nuclear reactor in France September 16, 2005  

E-print Network

Japanese set to direct `sun-power' nuclear reactor in France September 16, 2005 Japan has been develop three generations of nuclear reactors and includes six low-capacity experimental reactors and a 17 asked to nominate the chief of an international project to build a multi- billion-dollar nuclear fusion

136

MARKET POTENTIAL AND THE LOCATION OF JAPANESE INVESTMENT IN THE EUROPEAN UNION  

E-print Network

Okuda, chairman of Toyota, used the statement above to justify Toyota's decision to build a factory share of the Japanese car manufacturer in France (1%) and in Europe in general (3%).1 The Toyota example market access. The man- agers of Toyota apparently thought that their existing pro- duction sites

Boyer, Edmond

137

Automated Japanese Essay Scoring System based on Articles Written by Experts  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have developed an automated Japanese essay scoring system called Jess. The sys- tem needs expert writings rather than ex- pert raters to build the evaluation model. By detecting statistical outliers of prede- termined aimed essay features compared with many professional writings for each prompt, our system can evaluate essays. The following three features are exam- ined: (1) rhetoric —

Tsunenori Ishioka; Masayuki Kameda

2006-01-01

138

Increasing Social Capital for Disaster Response through Social Networking Services (SNS) in Japanese Local Governments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers have argued that social networks within a community have positive effects on people's behavior in the four stages of disaster. The Japanese government is testing Social Networking Service (SNS) at the municipal level with the intention to improve community building, democratic processes and disaster management. This paper presents results from two case studies of local SNS in Yatsushiro city,

Alexander R. M. Schellong; J. W. Goethe

139

On the Computation and Application of Prototype Point Patterns  

E-print Network

of Statistics, 8125 Math-Science Building, University of California, Los Angeles, 90095-1554. #12;1 INTRODUCTION of environmental disasters such as earthquakes, tsunamis, wildfires, and volcanic eruptions [1-4]. Often one a large earthquake using prototypes based on this spike-time metric. Unfortunately, the spike-time metric

Schoenberg, Frederic Paik (Rick)

140

SXI prototype mirror mount  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this contract was to provide optomechanical engineering and fabrication support to the Solar X-ray Imager (SXI) program in the areas of mirror, optical bench and camera assemblies of the telescope. The Center for Applied Optics (CAO) worked closely with the Optics and S&E technical staff of MSFC to develop and investigate the most viable and economical options for the design and fabrication of a number of parts for the various telescope assemblies. All the tasks under this delivery order have been successfully completed within budget and schedule. A number of development hardware parts have been designed and fabricated jointly by MSFC and UAH for the engineering model of SXI. The major parts include a nickel electroformed mirror and a mirror mount, plating and coating of the ceramic spacers, and gold plating of the contact rings and fingers for the camera assembly. An aluminum model of the high accuracy sun sensor (HASS) was also designed and fabricated. A number of fiber optic tapers for the camera assembly were also coated with indium tin oxide and phosphor for testing and evaluation by MSFC. A large number of the SXI optical bench parts were also redesigned and simplified for a prototype telescope. These parts include the forward and rear support flanges, front aperture plate, the graphite epoxy optical bench and a test fixture for the prototype telescope. More than fifty (50) drawings were generated for various components of the prototype telescope. Some of these parts were subsequently fabricated at UAH machine shop or at MSFC or by the outside contractors. UAH also provide technical support to MSFC staff for a number of preliminary and critical design reviews. These design reviews included PDR and CDR for the mirror assembly by United Technologies Optical Systems (UTOS), and the program quarterly reviews, and SXI PDR and CDR. UAH staff also regularly attended the monthly status reviews, and made a significant number of suggestions to improve the design, assembly and alignment of the telescope. Finally, a high level assembly and alignment plan for the entire telescope was prepared by UAH. This plan addresses the sequence of assembly, the required assembly and alignment tolerances, and the methods to verify the alignment at each step during the assembly process. This assembly and alignment plan will be used to assemble and integrate the engineering model (EM) of the telescope. Later on, based on this plan more detailed assembly and alignment procedures will be developed for the lower-level assemblies of SXI.

1995-01-01

141

SXI prototype mirror mount  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this contract was to provide optomechanical engineering and fabrication support to the Solar X-ray Imager (SXI) program in the areas of mirror, optical bench and camera assemblies of the telescope. The Center for Applied Optics (CAO) worked closely with the Optics and S&E technical staff of MSFC to develop and investigate the most viable and economical options for the design and fabrication of a number of parts for the various telescope assemblies. All the tasks under this delivery order have been successfully completed within budget and schedule. A number of development hardware parts have been designed and fabricated jointly by MSFC and UAH for the engineering model of SXI. The major parts include a nickel electroformed mirror and a mirror mount, plating and coating of the ceramic spacers, and gold plating of the contact rings and fingers for the camera assembly. An aluminum model of the high accuracy sun sensor (HASS) was also designed and fabricated. A number of fiber optic tapers for the camera assembly were also coated with indium tin oxide and phosphor for testing and evaluation by MSFC. A large number of the SXI optical bench parts were also redesigned and simplified for a prototype telescope. These parts include the forward and rear support flanges, front aperture plate, the graphite epoxy optical bench and a test fixture for the prototype telescope. More than fifty (50) drawings were generated for various components of the prototype telescope. Some of these parts were subsequently fabricated at UAH machine shop or at MSFC or by the outside contractors. UAH also provide technical support to MSFC staff for a number of preliminary and critical design reviews. These design reviews included PDR and CDR for the mirror assembly by United Technologies Optical Systems (UTOS), and the program quarterly reviews, and SXI PDR and CDR. UAH staff also regularly attended the monthly status reviews, and made a significant number of suggestions to improve the design, assembly and alignment of the telescope. Finally, a high level assembly and alignment plan for the entire telescope was prepared by UAH. This plan addresses the sequence of assembly, the required assembly and alignment tolerances, and the methods to verify the alignment at each step during the assembly process. This assembly and alignment plan will be used to assemble and integrate the engineering model (EM) of the telescope. Later on, based on this plan more detailed assembly and alignment procedures will be developed for the lower-level assemblies of SXI.

1995-04-01

142

Ares I-X Ground Diagnostic Prototype  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Automating prelaunch diagnostics for launch vehicles offers three potential benefits. First, it potentially improves safety by detecting faults that might otherwise have been missed so that they can be corrected before launch. Second, it potentially reduces launch delays by more quickly diagnosing the cause of anomalies that occur during prelaunch processing. Reducing launch delays will be critical to the success of NASA's planned future missions that require in-orbit rendezvous. Third, it potentially reduces costs by reducing both launch delays and the number of people needed to monitor the prelaunch process. NASA is currently developing the Ares I launch vehicle to bring the Orion capsule and its crew of four astronauts to low-earth orbit on their way to the moon. Ares I-X will be the first unmanned test flight of Ares I. It is scheduled to launch on October 27, 2009. The Ares I-X Ground Diagnostic Prototype is a prototype ground diagnostic system that will provide anomaly detection, fault detection, fault isolation, and diagnostics for the Ares I-X first-stage thrust vector control (TVC) and for the associated ground hydraulics while it is in the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and on the launch pad. It will serve as a prototype for a future operational ground diagnostic system for Ares I. The prototype combines three existing diagnostic tools. The first tool, TEAMS (Testability Engineering and Maintenance System), is a model-based tool that is commercially produced by Qualtech Systems, Inc. It uses a qualitative model of failure propagation to perform fault isolation and diagnostics. We adapted an existing TEAMS model of the TVC to use for diagnostics and developed a TEAMS model of the ground hydraulics. The second tool, Spacecraft Health Inference Engine (SHINE), is a rule-based expert system developed at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory. We developed SHINE rules for fault detection and mode identification. The prototype uses the outputs of SHINE as inputs to TEAMS. The third tool, the Inductive Monitoring System (IMS), is an anomaly detection tool developed at NASA Ames Research Center and is currently used to monitor the International Space Station Control Moment Gyroscopes. IMS automatically "learns" a model of historical nominal data in the form of a set of clusters and signals an alarm when new data fails to match this model. IMS offers the potential to detect faults that have not been modeled. The three tools have been integrated and deployed to Hangar AE at KSC where they interface with live data from the Ares I-X vehicle and from the ground hydraulics. The outputs of the tools are displayed on a console in Hangar AE, one of the locations from which the Ares I-X launch will be monitored. The full paper will describe how the prototype performed before the launch. It will include an analysis of the prototype's accuracy, including false-positive rates, false-negative rates, and receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves. It will also include a description of the prototype's computational requirements, including CPU usage, main memory usage, and disk usage. If the prototype detects any faults during the prelaunch period then the paper will include a description of those faults. Similarly, if the prototype has any false alarms then the paper will describe them and will attempt to explain their causes.

Schwabacher, Mark; Martin, Rodney; Waterman, Robert; Oostdyk, Rebecca; Ossenfort, John; Matthews, Bryan

2010-01-01

143

Ptolemy: A Mixed-Paradigm Simulation\\/Prototyping Platform in C  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Ptolemy is a flexible and extensible platform for simulations, rapid prototyping, and other software systems. It is our third generation software environment, building on our experience with Blosim, a signal processing simulation system, and Gabriel, a prototyping environment for real-time signal processing. Unlike its predecessors, Ptolemy does not enforce a single simulation or execution model; it supports mixed hardware

David G. Messerschmitt; Edward A. Lee; Joseph Buck; Soonhoi Ha

1991-01-01

144

Ptolemy: A Mixed-Paradigm Simulation\\/Prototyping Platform in C  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ptolemy is a flexible and extensible platform for simulations, rapid prototyping, and other software systems. It is our third generation software environment, building on our experience with Blosim, a signal processing simulation system, and Gabriel, a prototyping environment for real-time signal processing. Unlike its predecessors, Ptolemy does not enforce a single simula- tion or execution model; it supports mixed hardware

Joseph Buck; Soonhoi Ha; Edward A. Lee; David G. Messerschmitt

145

The booTable experience: iterative design and prototyping of an alternative interactive tabletop  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces booTable, an interactive coffee table prototype constructed by recycled paper aiming to build upon the paradigm of surface computing, but endeavoring to overcome a number of identified limitations of current design practice. In this respect, the paper first runs through the design requirements, decisions and rationale towards creating a first version of the prototype. Then, the outcomes

Dimitris Grammenos; Yannis Georgalis; Nikolaos Kazepis; Giannis Drossis; Nikolaos Ftylitakis

2010-01-01

146

How Japanese is Wii? The Reception and Localization of Japanese Video Games in America  

E-print Network

With control over both store shelves and consumers' consciousness, Japanese video games have dominated the U.S. and global game markets over the past two decades and continue to prosper today. This thesis positions Japanese video games' popularity...

Huang, Xiangyi

2009-06-12

147

10 CFR 435.306 - Selecting a life cycle effective proposed building design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...cycle effective proposed building design. 435.306...FOR NEW FEDERAL LOW-RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Mandatory Energy...between or among proposed building designs which comply...prototype, has the highest Net Savings or...

2010-01-01

148

Mitochondrial DNA polymorphism in Japanese  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from 120 Japanese was analysed with 15 restriction enzymes that recognize six base pairs, of which 11 enzymes showed at least one atypical cleavage pattern. Digestion patterns with HincII and HaeII were highly polymorphic. The observed restriction enzyme morphs were classified into 22 types of distinct cleavage patterns. By pairwise comparison of each restriction type, the

Satoshi Horai; Takashi Gojobori; Ei Matsunaga

1984-01-01

149

Mitochondrial DNA polymorphism in Japanese  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from 116 Japanese was analyzed with nine restriction enzymes that recognize a four or five base pair sequence. The sizes of the mtDNA fragments produced by digestion by each enzyme were compared after gel electrophoresis. Double digestion experiments indicated that, in the coding region from URF2 (unidentified reading frame) to tRNAAsn (bp 5274–5691), there is an insertion

Satoshi Horai; Ei Matsunaga

1986-01-01

150

Rapid Prototyping of Robotic Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the application of Rapid Prototyping in fabricating non-assembly robotic systems is pr e- sented. Using the Stereolithography Apparatus SLA 190 of the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering of Rutgers University, and the Selective Laser Sintering Sinterstation 2000 of DTM Corporation of Austin, TX, prototypes of mechanical joints were fab- ricated experimentally. The designs of these component

Jey Won; Kathryn J. De Laurentis; Constantinos Mavroidis

2000-01-01

151

Geochemical aspects of some Japanese lavas.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

K, Rb, Sr, Ba and rare-earth concentrations in some Japanese lavas have been determined by mass-spectrometric stable-isotope dilution. The samples fall into three rare-earth groups corresponding to tholeiitic, high alumina and alkali basalts. Japanese tholeiites have trace element characteristics similar to those of oceanic ridge tholeiites except for distinctly higher relative concentrations of Ba. Japanese lavas may result from various degrees of partial fusion of amphibole eclogite.

Philpotts, J. A.; Martin, W.; Schnetzler, C. C.

1971-01-01

152

A Historical Review of Japanese Management Theories: The Search for a General Theory of Japanese Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japanese management theories have not developed into a general theory of Japanese management, that is, a theory drawn from the 'mutual mediation' of historical and theoretical studies of local business management. One reason for this is a focus on specifically Japanese traits within its system of management, from cultural aspects embedded within business to issues of the financial system, relations

Masaki Hayashi

2002-01-01

153

Helios Prototype on Lakebed  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Helios Prototype is an enlarged version of the Centurion flying wing, which flew a series of test flights at Dryden in late 1998. The craft has a wingspan of 247 feet, 41 feet greater than the Centurion, 2 1/2 times that of its solar-powered Pathfinder flying wing and longer than either the Boeing 747 jetliner or Lockheed C-5 transport aircraft. It is one of several remotely-piloted aircraft-also known as uninhabited aerial vehicles or UAV's-being developed as technology demonstrators by several small airframe manufacturers under NASA's Environmental Research Aircraft and Sensor Technology (ERAST) project. Developed by AeroVironment, Inc., of Monrovia, Calif., the unique craft is intended to demonstrate two key missions: the ability to reach and sustain horizontal flight at 100,000 feet altitude on a single-day flight, and to maintain flight above 50,000 feet altitude for at least four days, both on electrical power derived from non-polluting solar energy. During later flights, AeroVironment's flight test team will evaluate new motor-control software which may allow the pitch of the aircraft (the nose-up or nose-down attitude in relation to the horizon) to be controlled entirely by the motors. If successful, production versions of the Helios could eliminate the elevators on the wing's trailing edge now used for pitch control, saving weight and increasing the area of the wing available for installation of solar cells.

1999-01-01

154

Prototype database for telerehabilitation.  

PubMed

Telerehabilitation is a promising alternative health-care delivery system, but currently lacks broad-based empirical support for the efficacy and cost utility of its interventions. This article describes the development of a database at INTEGRIS Jim Thorpe Rehabilitation Center (IJTRC) that will link the delivery of telerehabilitation services, reimbursement, and outcomes evaluation. The database is a culmination of the combined efforts of administrators, clinicians, and information technology professionals. Feasibility of the project was first established from technical, economic, and organizational perspectives. The current workflow and documentation processes were analyzed and enhanced. This was followed by data modeling and design of the database architecture in terms of network, security, scalability, and system specification. A prototype was created in Microsoft Access with the final product planned in Structured Query Language (SQL) with a front-end in JAVA JSP. The initial results with the database have been encouraging in terms of increased efficacy and security, process streamlining, error reduction, and collection of comprehensive standardized data for statistical analysis of clinical and research outcomes. PMID:15319051

Kaur, Kawaljeet; Forducey, Pamela G; Glueckauf, Robert L

2004-01-01

155

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-print Network

Sciences Building 3 Human Resources 11 Information Services 34 Institute of Professional Legal Studies (IPLS) 4 International and Postgraduate Student Centre 1n International Office 33 INTO at Queen's 13 and Student Affairs 3 Administration Building 32 Ashby Building 27 Belfast City Hospital 28 Bernard Crossland

Paxton, Anthony T.

156

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-print Network

Accommodation) 5 Harty Room, School of Music 26 Health Sciences Building 3 Human Resources 11 Information Services 34 Institute of Professional Legal Studies (IPLS) 4 International and Postgraduate Student Centre's University Belfast Campus Map The Lanyon Building The Students' Union The David Keir Building School Offices

Paxton, Anthony T.

157

Small Thermophotovoltaic Prototype Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In an earlier paper [1], we reported on a small grid-connected thermophotovoltaic (TPV) system consisting of an ytterbia mantle emitter and silicon solar cells with 16 % efficiency (under solar irradiance at Standard Test Conditions, STC). The emitter was heated up using a butane burner with a rated thermal power of 1.35 kW (referring to the lower heating value). This system produced an electrical output of 15 W, which corresponds to a thermal to electric (direct current) conversion efficiency of 1.1 %. In the interim, further progress has been made, and significantly higher efficiencies have been achieved. The most important development steps are: 1) The infrared radiation-absorbing water filter between emitter and silicon cells (to protect the cells against overheating and against contact with flue gasses) has been replaced by a suitable glass tube. By doing this, it has been possible to prevent losses of convertible radiation in water. 2) Cell cooling has been significantly improved, in order to reduce cell temperature, and therefore increase conversion efficiency. 3) The shape of the emitter has been changed from spherical to a quasi-cylindrical geometry, in order to obtain a more homogeneous irradiation of the cells. 4) The metallic burner tube, on which the ytterbia emitter was fixed in the initial prototypes, has been replaced by a heat-resistant metallic rod, carrying ceramic discs as emitter holders. This has prevented the oxidation and clogging of the perforated burner tube. 5) Larger reflectors have been used to reduce losses in useful infrared radiation. 6) Smaller cells have been used, to reduce electrical series resistance losses. Applying all these improvements to the basic 1.35 kW prototype, we attained a system efficiency of 1.5 %. By using preheated air for combustion (at approximately 370 °C), 1.8 % was achieved. In a subsequent step, a photocell generator was constructed, consisting of high-efficiency silicon cells (21% STC efficiency). In this generator, the spaces between the cells were minimized, in order to achieve as high an active cell area as possible, while simultaneously reducing radiation losses. This new system has produced an electrical output of 48 W, corresponding to a system efficiency of 2.4 %. This is the highest-ever-reported value in a silicon-cell-based TPV system using ytterbia mantle emitters. An efficiency of 2.8 % was achieved by using preheated air (at approximately 500 °C). An electronic control unit (fabricated of components with low power consumption, and including a battery store) was developed, in order to make the TPV system, described in [1] self-powered. This unit controls the magnetic gas supply valve between gas supply cylinder and burner as well as the high-voltage ignition electrodes. Both the control unit's own power consumption and the battery-charging power are supplied directly by the TPV generator. A small commercial inverter is used to transfer excess power to the 230 V grid.

Durisch, Wilhelm; Bitnar, Bernd; von Roth, Fritz; Palfinger, Günther

2003-01-01

158

Foraging search: Prototypical intelligence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We think because we eat. Or as Descartes might have said, on a little more reflection, "I need to eat, therefore I think." Animals that forage for a living repeatedly face the problem of searching for a sparsely distributed resource in a vast space. Furthermore, the resource may occur sporadically and episodically under conditions of true uncertainty (nonstationary, complex and non-linear dynamics). I assert that this problem is the canonical problem solved by intelligence. It's solution is the basis for the evolution of more advanced intelligence in which the space of search includes that of concepts (objects and relations) encoded in cortical structures. In humans the conscious experience of searching through concept space we call thinking. The foraging search model is based upon a higher-order autopoeitic system (the forager) employing anticipatory processing to enhance its success at finding food while avoiding becoming food or having accidents in a hostile world. I present a semi-formal description of the general foraging search problem and an approach to its solution. The latter is a brain-like structure employing dynamically adaptive neurons. A physical robot, MAVRIC, embodies some principles of foraging. It learns cues that lead to improvements in finding targets in a dynamic and nonstationary environment. This capability is based on a unique learning mechanism that encodes causal relations in the neural-like processing element. An argument is advanced that searching for resources in the physical world, as per the foraging model, is a prototype for generalized search for conceptual resources as when we think. A problem represents a conceptual disturbance in a homeostatic sense. The finding of a solution restores the homeostatic balance. The establishment of links between conceptual cues and solutions (resources) and the later use of those cues to think through to solutions of quasi-isomorphic problems is, essentially, foraging for ideas. It is a quite natural extension of the fundamental foraging model.

Mobus, George

2000-05-01

159

Development of Japanese scientific cable technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japanese ocean science community has installed eight cabled observatories in Japanese water in the past. Japan started installing cabled observatories in the middle of 1970's for disaster mitigation as countermeasure to possible megathrust earthquake in the Tokai region, about 100 km away from Tokyo. Their first system composed of metal wires used frequency modulated signal transmission for carrying data acquired

H. Mikada; K. Asakawa

2008-01-01

160

Business Japanese, a HyperCard Simulation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes Business Japanese (BJ), a HyperCard based tutorial designed as courseware for use in a third-year Japanese course at the University of Texas, Austin (UTA). A major objective was to develop good courseware based on proven language learning theory that would integrate theory, practice, and technology. BJ stresses a realistic and…

Saito-Abbott, Yoshiko; Abbott, Thomas

161

Japanese Childrearing: Two Generations of Scholarship.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The context of Japanese childrearing has changed during the postwar era. Noting that "new" observations concerning childrearing and socialization may not actually be new, this volume establishes continuity with past researchers by integrating the past half-century of cross-cultural research on Japanese childrearing and socialization, placing…

Shwalb, David W., Ed.; Shwalb, Barbara J., Ed.

162

The Art of Japanese Masks and Kimonos  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Japanese masks have been worn for a number of reasons. In the past they were often used in plays and celebrations. Today in Japan, social masks are essential in many party gatherings as a form of expressing one's personality. In this article, the author describes an art project wherein students created Japanese masks and kimonos.

Brooks, Nancy Johnston

2009-01-01

163

Argumentative Strategies in American and Japanese English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined differences in argumentative strategies in Japanese and American English by analyzing English essays on capital punishment written by 22 American high school seniors and 30 Japanese college sophomores. Differences were found in the organizational patterns, content and use of rational appeals, preference for type of diction, and…

Kamimura, Taeko; Oi, Kyoko

1998-01-01

164

Japanese and American Education: Attitudes and Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Continuing concern regarding the quality and future of education in both America and Japan prompts many comparisons of their nation's educational systems. Chapter 1, "Japanese Schools' Higher Achievement, Literacy, Efficiency, Discipline, Classroom Management, and Strengths of Civilization," attempts to explain the superior performance of Japanese

Wray, Harry

165

READINGS IN JAPANESE HISTORY. PART I, SELECTIONS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

INCLUDED AMONG THE 18 SELECTIONS IN THIS READER FOR ADVANCED STUDENTS OF JAPANESE ARE SUCH ARTICLES AND EXCERPTS FROM BOOKS AS "THE TAIKA REFORMS" BY SAKAMOTO TAROO (1935) AND "THE SYSTEM OF MEASUREMENT OF INCOME BY KOKU AND FEUDALISM" BY NAKAMURA KICIJI (1960). THESE TEXTS ARE REPRODUCED EXACTLY AS THEY APPEARED IN JAPANESE-LANGUAGE PUBLICATIONS…

YAMAGIWA, JOSEPH K.

166

Japanese Flagship Universities at a Crossroads  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing pace and scope of global structural change has left Japanese flagship universities at a crossroads. Reflecting upon historical trends, current policy changes and respective institutional strategies for global marketing among Japanese top research universities, the author discusses possible future directions for these institutions…

Yonezawa, Akiyoshi

2007-01-01

167

Classroom Silence: Voices from Japanese EFL Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores Japanese EFL learners' classroom silence in a Japanese EFL context. The existence of silence in second language learning contexts can be a source of conflict between students and teachers and even among students themselves. It can also be an obstacle to acquiring the target language. In order to tackle this problem and to…

Harumi, Seiko

2011-01-01

168

Study on Japanese Cornmint in Mississippi  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Japanese cornmint (Mentha canadensis L.) is a subtropical essential oil crop grown in Asia and South America. The essential oil of Japanese cornmint is the source for production of crystal (-)-menthol, which is a major aromatic agent used as a flavor, fragrance, and cooling sensation vector in the ...

169

JAPANESE BROME IMPACTS NORTHERN GREAT PLAINS RANGELAND  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Japanese brome (Bromus japonicus Thunb.) is an annual grass that has invaded thousands of hectares of Northern Great Plains rangelands. We studied the effect of Japanese brome on the current year's increase in biomass in a plant community in the Northern Great Plains dominated by western wheatgrass...

170

Numeral Incorporation in Japanese Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the morphological process of numeral incorporation in Japanese Sign Language. Numeral incorporation is defined and the available research on numeral incorporation in signed language is discussed. The numeral signs in Japanese Sign Language are then introduced and followed by an explanation of the numeral morphemes which are…

Ktejik, Mish

2013-01-01

171

The Japanese American Cases—A Disaster  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our war-time treatment of Japanese aliens and citizens of Japanese descent on the West Coast has been hasty, unnecessary and mistaken. The course of action which we undertook was in no way required or justified by the circumstances of the war. It was calculated to produce both individual injustice and deep-seated social maladjustments of a cumulative and sinister kind. All

Eugene V. Rostow

1945-01-01

172

Congestion Ahead: Japanese Automakers in Southeast Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

For three decades Japanese auto producers, supported by the Japanese government, deployed with extraordinary success market and nonmarket strategies to access the small and fragmented but rapidly growing car markets of Southeast Asia. The last half-decade has presented a series of unexpected challenges, including extended recession and financial reform in Japan; the lingering effects of the financial crisis in Southeast

Gregory W. Noble

2001-01-01

173

Rapid prototyping of green composites  

E-print Network

Rapid prototyping employs digital fabrication techniques to quickly manufacture parts. However, the available materials are not yet suitable for making strong, large or durable objects. Composites are materials which are ...

Peek, Nadya (Nadya Meile)

2010-01-01

174

Prototyping practices in electromechanical startups  

E-print Network

Electromechanical startups contend with signicant uncertainty, especially in early stages of development. Prototyping is a critical component through the product development process, and when employed eciently, can act as ...

Chu, Angela (Angela J.)

2014-01-01

175

Mechanical characteristics of aged Hinoki wood from Japanese historical buildings  

E-print Network

. Keywords Aged wood, Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa), Horyu-ji temple, mechanical property, density Mots-clés Bois âgé, Hinoki (Chamaecydeparis obtusa), Horyu-ji, propriétés mécaniques, masse volumique 1

Boyer, Edmond

176

Design and Construction of Prototype Dark Matter Detectors  

SciTech Connect

The Lepton Quark Studies (LQS) group is engaged in searching for dark matter using the Dark Matter Time Projection Chamber (DMTPC) at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) (Carlsbad, NM). DMTPC is a direction-sensitive dark matter detector designed to measure the recoil direction and energy deposited by fluorine nuclei recoiling from the interaction with incident WIMPs. In the past year, the major areas of progress have been: #15; to publish the #12;first dark matter search results from a surface run of the DMTPC prototype detector, #15; to build and install the 10L prototype in the underground laboratory at WIPP which will house the 1 m{sup 3} detector, and #15; to demonstrate charge and PMT readout of the TPC using prototype detectors, which allow triggering and #1;{Delta}z measurement to be used in the 1 m{sup 3} detector under development.

Peter Fisher

2012-03-23

177

Mitochondrial haplogroups associated with Japanese Alzheimer's patients.  

PubMed

The relationships between Japanese Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients and their mitochondrial single nucleotide polymorphism (mtSNP) frequencies at individual mtDNA positions of the entire mitochondrial genome are described using the radial basis function (RBF) network and the modified method. Japanese AD patients are associated with the haplogroups G2a, B4c1, and N9b1. In addition, to compare mitochondrial haplogroups of the AD patients with those of other classes of Japanese people, the relationships between four classes of Japanese people (i.e., Japanese centenarians, Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, type 2 diabetic (T2D) patients, and non-obese young males) and their mtSNPs are also described. The four classes of people are associated with following haplogroups: Japanese centenarians-M7b2, D4b2a, and B5b; Japanese PD patients-M7b2, B4e, and B5b; Japanese T2D patients-B5b, M8a1, G, D4, and F1; and Japanese healthy non-obese young males-D4g and D4b1b. The haplogroups of the AD patients are therefore different from those of the other four classes of Japanese people. As the analysis method described in this article can predict a person's mtSNP constitution and the probabilities of becoming an AD patient, centenarian, PD patient, or T2D patient, it may be useful in initial diagnosis of various diseases. PMID:19795196

Takasaki, Shigeru

2009-10-01

178

HLA antigens in Japanese populations.  

PubMed Central

HLA antigens in 841 healthy, unrelated Japanese from nine widely separated geographic localities were studied. The five most common antigens observed in order of decreasing frequency were for the HLA-A locus: HLA-A9, A2, A10, AW32 and A11; and for the HLA-B locus: HLA-'B5' (= HLA-B5+B17), BW40, B12, B14 and B8. The allelic frequency of undetected antigens of the HLA-A locus was .14-.37, and that of the HLA-B locus, .32-.67, indicating that there were serological difficulties in typing for Japanese antigens using antisera from Caucasians. Marked gene frequency clines were observed for HLA-A9 and HLA-A2 from south (Okinawa) to north (Nagoya). Two haplotypes, HLA-A9, B5 and HLA-A10, BW40 were shown to be in linkage disequilibrium in four of the nine subpopulations. PMID:941906

Yasuda, N; Tsuji, K; Aizawa, M; Itakura, K; Inou, T

1976-01-01

179

Rapid Prototyping Integrated With Nondestructive Evaluation and Finite Element Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Most reverse engineering approaches involve imaging or digitizing an object then creating a computerized reconstruction that can be integrated, in three dimensions, into a particular design environment. Rapid prototyping (RP) refers to the practical ability to build high-quality physical prototypes directly from computer aided design (CAD) files. Using rapid prototyping, full-scale models or patterns can be built using a variety of materials in a fraction of the time required by more traditional prototyping techniques (refs. 1 and 2). Many software packages have been developed and are being designed to tackle the reverse engineering and rapid prototyping issues just mentioned. For example, image processing and three-dimensional reconstruction visualization software such as Velocity2 (ref. 3) are being used to carry out the construction process of three-dimensional volume models and the subsequent generation of a stereolithography file that is suitable for CAD applications. Producing three-dimensional models of objects from computed tomography (CT) scans is becoming a valuable nondestructive evaluation methodology (ref. 4). Real components can be rendered and subjected to temperature and stress tests using structural engineering software codes. For this to be achieved, accurate high-resolution images have to be obtained via CT scans and then processed, converted into a traditional file format, and translated into finite element models. Prototyping a three-dimensional volume of a composite structure by reading in a series of two-dimensional images generated via CT and by using and integrating commercial software (e.g. Velocity2, MSC/PATRAN (ref. 5), and Hypermesh (ref. 6)) is being applied successfully at the NASA Glenn Research Center. The building process from structural modeling to the analysis level is outlined in reference 7. Subsequently, a stress analysis of a composite cooling panel under combined thermomechanical loading conditions was performed to validate this process.

Abdul-Aziz, Ali; Baaklini, George Y.

2001-01-01

180

Fuelcell Prototype Locomotive  

SciTech Connect

An international industry-government consortium is developing a fuelcell hybrid switcher locomotive for commercial railway applications and power-to-grid generation applications. The current phase of this on-going project addresses the practicalities of on-board hydrogen storage, fuelcell technology, and hybridity, all with an emphasis on commercially available products. Through practical evaluation using designs from Vehicle Projects’ Fuelcell-Powered Underground Mine Loader Project, the configuration of the fuelcell switcher locomotive changed from using metal-hydride hydrogen storage and a pure fuelcell power plant to using compressed hydrogen storage, a fuelcell-battery hybrid power plant, and fuelcell stack modules from Ballard Power Systems that have been extensively used in the Citaro bus program in Europe. The new overall design will now use a RailPower battery hybrid Green Goat™ as the locomotive platform. Keeping the existing lead-acid batteries, we will replace the 205 kW diesel gen-set with 225 kW of net fuelcell power, remove the diesel fuel tank, and place 14 compressed hydrogen cylinders, capable of storing 70 kg of hydrogen at 350 bar, on the roof. A detailed design with associated CAD models will allow a complete build of the fuelcell-battery hybrid switcher locomotive in the next funded phase.

David L. Barnes

2007-09-28

181

PERFORMANCE OF THE CEBAF PROTOTYPE CRYOMODULE RENASCENCE  

SciTech Connect

The prototype cryomodule Renascence was constructed as an energy building block for securing 6 GeV operation of CEBAF and to validate design elements for future CEBAF upgrade modules. These elements include the new “HG” and “LL” 7-cell cavity designs and a new tuner design.[1,2] Issues were identified during initial testing in 2005. The module has been reworked to address the issues with thermal stability, component breakage, and tuner motion. In addition, opportunity was taken to employ upgraded cleaning and assembly techniques for the cavity string. The HOM coupler heating issue was resolved, and seven of the eight cavities in the cryomodule have run stably at an average of 20 MV/m CW. The cryogenic, rf, and mechanical performance of the cryomodule are presented. Commissioning in CEBAF has just been completed in October 2007.

Charles Reece; Edward Daly; G. Davis; Michael Drury; William Hicks; Joseph Preble; Haipeng Wang

2008-02-12

182

The next generation transit survey prototyping phase  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Next Generation Transit Survey (NGTS) is a new wide-field transiting exoplanet survey aimed at discovering Neptune and super-Earth size exoplanets around bright (V<13) nearby stars. NGTS consists of an array of 12 robotically operated telescopes observing in the 600-900 nm band. NGTS will survey more than five times the number of stars with V<13 than Kepler and will therefore provide the brightest targets for characterisation with existing and future instrumentation (VLT, E-ELT and JWST). In 2009/10, a prototype for NGTS was tested on La Palma, proving that such a system can meet our goals of essentially white noise limited photometry of bright stars, the results of which are summarised here. NGTS builds on the experience of the SuperWASP project, which, for many years, has lead the ground-based detection of transiting exoplanets.

McCormac, J.; Pollacco, P.; NGTS Consortium

2014-12-01

183

Some Design Issues for an Online Japanese Textbook  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses several design issues in the development of a new online Japanese textbook, called "Robo-Sensei: Japanese Curriculum with Automated Feedback". When it is completed, the new online textbook will present a full Japanese curriculum. It extends a previously published online software program, "Robo-Sensei: Personal Japanese Tutor"…

Nagata, Noriko

2010-01-01

184

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-print Network

(Student Accommodation) 5 Harty Room, School of Music 26 Health Sciences Building 3 Human Resources 11 Information Services 34 Institute of Professional Legal Studies (IPLS) 4 International and Postgraduate Accommodation Queen's University Belfast Campus Map The Lanyon Building The Students' Union The David Keir

Müller, Jens-Dominik

185

User-Centered Design Proposals for Prototyping Haptic User Interfaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

The range of applications for haptic user interfaces is wide, but although haptics offer unique qualities to user interfaces,\\u000a the rate of adoption and implementation of haptics in commercialized products is relatively low. The challenges of building\\u000a low-cost flexible prototypes with haptics in the early stages of product development are believed to be a contributing factor\\u000a to this. This paper

Hans V. Bjelland; Kristian Tangeland

2007-01-01

186

Science Nation: Japanese Quake Test  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Colorado State University engineer John van de Lindt leads a team that's developing new ways to build mid-rise, wood-frame buildings that can stand up to earthquakes. In many earthquake-prone areas of the U.S., wood-frame buildings taller than three stories are uncommon--and building codes generally limit such construction to just four stories. Van de Lindt hopes validation of the new design techniques could safely push those building codes to six stories, or even taller. To test their new design, the team turned to E-Defense, a remote shake table facility in Miki City, Japan. The event was the grand finale in a series of shake tests on wood structures funded by the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES).

187

Smart buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Can building automation systems overcome interoperability problems to assert control over our offices, hotels, and airports? Efforts to make buildings smarter are focusing on cutting costs by streamlining building operations like air conditioning and lighting. Building automation is critical to these efforts, mainly because it could reduce the annual operating costs of buildings. This article outlines the latest building automation

D. Snoonian

2003-01-01

188

Microgravity research in Japanese industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Japanese industry will have many opportunities to perform microgravity tests in the 1990s. The world's longest dropshaft was completed in Hokkaido last year. SJAC has many programs, including GAS, MASER, CASIMIR, COSIMA, and MIR. In fact, 12 electronic and 4 biomaterial experiments using GAS canisters which have been waiting since 1986 will be finished by early 1993. STC will carry out 4 experiments on D-2 in 1993. USEF has two high-quality experiment programs on SFU and EXPRESS. SFU is an unmanned platform for multiple uses and the first flight is expected in 1994 or 95. Ground tests of 8 material experiments are now in progress. EXPRESS is a reusable reentry capsule. Multireactors in an autoclave which are designed for zeolite and catalyst crystal growth on EXPRESS have been developed.

Kudo, Isao

1993-07-01

189

Japanese plan for SSF utilization  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Japanese Experiment Module (JEM) program has made significant progress. The JEM preliminary design review was completed in July 1992; construction of JEM operation facilities has begun; and the micro-G airplane, drop shaft, and micro-G experiment rocket are all operational. The national policy for JEM utilization was also established. The Space Experiment Laboratory (SEL) opened in June '92 and will function as a user support center. Eight JEM multiuser facilities are in phase B, and scientific requirements are being defined for 17 candidate multiuser facilities. The National Joint Research Program is about to start. Precursor missions and early Space Station utilization activities are being defined. This paper summarizes the program in outline and graphic form.

Mizuno, Toshio

1992-01-01

190

Science with the ASTRI prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ASTRI (Astrofisica a Specchi con Tecnologia Replicante Italiana) is a "Flagship Project" financed by the Italian Ministry of Instruction, University and Research and led by the Italian National Institute of Astrophysics. It represents the Italian proposal for the development of the Small Size Telescope system of the Cherenkov Telescope Array, the next generation observatory for Very High Energy gamma-rays (20 GeV - 100 TeV). The ASTRI end-to-end prototype will be installed at Serra La Nave (Catania, Italy) and it will see the first light at the beginning of 2014. We describe the expected performance of the prototype on few selected test cases of the northern emisphere. The aim of the prototype is to probe the technological solutions and the nominal performance of the various telescope's subsystems.

Sartore, Nicola

2013-06-01

191

Building a Reliable Onboard Network with Ethernet: A GSFC Prototype  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation discusses the architecture of an Ethernet-based communication network for spacecraft. The presentation also contains information on data link reliability, PDU formats, and NIC/OS Measurements.

Marquart, Jane

2004-01-01

192

Building an Intelligent Water Information System - American River Prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With better management, California's existing water supplies could go further to meeting the needs of the state's urban and agricultural uses. For example, California's water reservoirs are currently controlled and regulated using forecasts based upon more than 75 years of historical data. In the face of global climate change, these forecasts are becoming increasingly inadequate to precisely manage water resources. We propose implementing Leveraging the newest frontiers of information technology, we are developing a basin-scale real-time intelligent water infrastructure system that enables more information-intensive decision support. The complete system is made up of four key components. First, a strategically deployed ground-observation system will complement satellite measurements and provide continuous and accurate estimates of snowpack, soil moisture, vegetation state and energy balance across watersheds. Using our recently developed but mature technologies, we deliver measurements of hydrologic variables over a multi- tiered network of wireless sensor arrays, with a granularity of time and space previously unheard of. Second, satellite and aircraft remote sensing provide the only practical means of spatially continuous basin-wide measurement and monitoring of snow properties, vegetation characteristics and other watershed conditions. The ground-based system is designed to blend with remote sensing data on Sierra Nevada snow properties, and provide value-added products of unprecedented spatial detail and accuracy that are useable on a watershed level. Third, together the satellite and ground-based data make possible the updating of forecast tools, and routine use of physically based hydrologic models. The decision-support framework will provide tools to extract and visualize information of interest from the measured and modeled data, to assess uncertainties, and to optimize operations. Fourth, the advanced cyber infrastructure blends and transforms the numbers recorded by sensors into information in the form that is useful for decision-making. In a sense it 'monetizes' the data. It is the cyber infrastructure that links measurements, data processing, models and users. System software must provide flexibility for multiple types of access from user queries to automated and direct links with analysis tools and decision-support systems. We are currently installing a basin-scale ground-based sensor network focusing on measurements of snowpack, solar radiation, temperature, rH and soil moisture across the American River basin. Although this is a research network, it also provides core elements of a full ground-based operational system.

Glaser, S. D.; Bales, R. C.; Conklin, M. H.

2013-12-01

193

Complementizer Drop And IP Complementation in Japanese  

E-print Network

The main purpose of the present paper is to provide a principled account for a phenomenon called "Complementizer Drop" in the dialects of Japanese and its related phenomena in teens of the head-raising approach without ...

Fukuda, Minoru

2000-01-01

194

Regional Classification of Traditional Japanese Folk Songs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, we focus on the melodies of Japanese folk songs, and examine the basic structures of Japanese folk songs that represent the characteristics of different regions. We sample the five largest song genres within the music corpora of the Nihon Min-yo Taikan (Anthology of Japanese Folk Songs), consisting of 202,246 tones from 1,794 song pieces from 45 prefectures in Japan. Then, we calculate the probabilities of 24 transition patterns that fill the interval of the perfect fourth pitch, which is the interval that maintains most of the frequency for one-step and two-step pitch transitions within 11 regions, in order to determine the parameters for cluster analysis. As a result, we successively classify the regions into two basic groups, eastern Japan and western Japan, which corresponds to geographical factors and cultural backgrounds, and also match accent distributions in the Japanese language.

Kawase, Akihiro; Tokosumi, Akifumi

195

Sparse distributed memory prototype: Principles of operation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Sparse distributed memory is a generalized random access memory (RAM) for long binary words. Such words can be written into and read from the memory, and they can be used to address the memory. The main attribute of the memory is sensitivity to similarity, meaning that a word can be read back not only by giving the original right address but also by giving one close to it as measured by the Hamming distance between addresses. Large memories of this kind are expected to have wide use in speech and scene analysis, in signal detection and verification, and in adaptive control of automated equipment. The memory can be realized as a simple, massively parallel computer. Digital technology has reached a point where building large memories is becoming practical. The research is aimed at resolving major design issues that have to be faced in building the memories. The design of a prototype memory with 256-bit addresses and from 8K to 128K locations for 256-bit words is described. A key aspect of the design is extensive use of dynamic RAM and other standard components.

Flynn, Michael J.; Kanerva, Pentti; Ahanin, Bahram; Bhadkamkar, Neal; Flaherty, Paul; Hickey, Philip

1988-01-01

196

Japanese Sugar Cane as a Forage Crop.  

E-print Network

BULLETIN NO. 195 AUGUST, 1916 DIVISION OF AGRONOMY JAPANESE SUGAR CANE AS A FORAGE CROP .".: . COLLEGE POSTOFFICE: COLLEGE STATION,. BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS AUSTIN, TEXAS VON BOECKMANN-JONES CO 1916 [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] TEXAS... AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STAT10 N BULLETIN NO. 195 AUGUST, 1916 DIVISION OF AGRONOMY JAPANESE SUGAR CANE AS A FORAGE CROP BY A. H. LEIDIGH, B. S., Agronomist, IN CONSULTATION WITH G. T. McNESS, Superintendent, Substation No. 11, Nacogdoches, and H. H...

Leidigh, A. H. (Arthur Henry); McNess, George Thomas; Laude, H. H. (Hilmer Henry)

1916-01-01

197

A superconducting levitation vehicle prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a small scale MAGLEV vehicle prototype which is under development at UFRJ. The levitation is done by Y-Ba-Cu-O superconducting blocks refrigerated by liquid nitrogen in the presence of Nd-Fe-B magnets. A long primary linear synchronous motor gives the traction. Design considerations and experimental results show the characteristics and performance of this system.

Stephan, R. M.; Nicolsky, R.; Neves, M. A.; Ferreira, A. C.; de Andrade, R.; Cruz Moreira, M. A.; Rosário, M. A.; Machado, O. J.

2004-08-01

198

A PROTOTYPE MULTIMEDIA AUTO BROKER  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intelligent, easy to use, and entertaining multimedia information brokers are vital to the explosive role of information technology. With the advent of interactive television and the information superhighway in the near future, information management systems (information brokers) for consumer services and products will be necessary. This paper describes the application requirements process and subsequent prototyping efforts for a multimedia auto

Angela Y. Birkes; Chien H. Hsiung; Tal Cohen; Robert E. Fulton

199

Rapid Prototyping Enters Mainstream Manufacturing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains rapid prototyping, a process that uses computer-assisted design files to create a three-dimensional object automatically, speeding the industrial design process. Five commercially available systems and two emerging types--the 3-D printing process and repetitive masking and depositing--are described. (SK)

Winek, Gary

1996-01-01

200

Fiat electric city car prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electric vehicles represent an important research activity. One of the themes was the development of a two city car prototype with property designed body. The main purpose was to define a vehicle capable of meeting the multiple requirements of a comfortable and easy driving - handling - parking, and suitable performance for urban operation in level or hilly routes. The

G. Brusaglino

1978-01-01

201

MP98, an innovative reactivity control system for LWR tests results on prototype  

SciTech Connect

MP98' Reactivity Control System is now a technology tested on a real scale prototype. This mock up is working at PWR real conditions (155 bars, 320 deg. C), and many accidents configurations could be simulated. This paper presents this prototype and some first results. This mock up is also build to optimize the design of MP98' devices before industrialization. Until now the theoretical results are verified by the tests results. (authors)

Emin, Michel [MP98' Chief Technology Officer, MP98' technical center, 40, rue Guy de Collongues 69130 Ecully (France)

2004-07-01

202

A Comparison of Maternal Care and Infant Behavior in Japanese-American, American, and Japanese Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies have shown that American mothers, in contrast to Japanese, do more lively chatting to their babies, and that as a result, the American babies have a generally higher level of vocalization and, particularly, they respond with greater amounts of happy vocalization and gross motor activity than do Japanese babies. Thus, it appears…

Caudill, William; Frost, Lois

203

Ordinal Expressions in Japanese. Papers in Japanese Linguistics, Vol. 2, No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The varied forms and semantic factors of Japanese ordinal expressions are related to one another in a coherent system. In Japanese, the cardinal number form is a numeral compound in construction with a referent. The numeral compound consists of a number and a numeral adjunct. Numeral adjuncts are derived from bound forms, or numeral suffixes, and…

Backus, Robert L.

204

ACOUSTIC INVESTIGATION OF ENGLISH AND JAPANESE (s) AND (T) BY ENGLISH AND JAPANESE SPEAKERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been said that there are certain differences between English \\/s\\/ and Japanese \\/s\\/ in their articulation, and also in their auditory impression that the former sounds stronger than the latter. This paper is trying to reveal the differences\\/similarities of the acoustic characteristics of English and Japanese voiceless alveolar fricatives in their L1 and L2 speech and to know

Miho Kamata

205

Use of Building Automation System Trend Data for Inputs Generation in Bottom-Up Simulation Calibration  

E-print Network

for analysis and use in simulation is very large. This paper explores automating the process of generating inputs from Building Automation System (BAS) trend data for use in building simulation software. A proof-of-concept prototype called the Automatic...

Zibin, N. F.; Zmeureanu, R. G.; Love, J. A.

2013-01-01

206

The next Japanese solar satellite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Findings of the Yohkoh satellite about solar corona dynamics are described. Another mission planned by the Japanese solar team for around the year 2000 is addressed. The major objective of the next mission is to find the causes of the coronal dynamics discovered by Yohkoh, and to search for the mechanisms of the coronal and chromospheric heating by simultaneously observing the motions of photospheric magnetic flux tubes and the resultant heating and dynamics of the chromosphere and corona. For this purpose, it is proposed that the core instruments should consist of an optical telescope of less than or equal to 80 cm aperture and 0.1 to 0.2 arcsec resolution, and soft X-ray telescope(s) with resolution better than 1 arcsec. The former should have a magnetograph/Dopplergraph and H alpha plus CaK imagers. Once combined, it will be possible also to study the driving mechanisms of various phenomena such as spicules, fibrils and newly discovered x-ray jets, and prominences, sunspots, and needless to say flares. The objectives and necessary methods of observation are discussed. Only a very rough idea of the instrumentation is given, including some discussion of EUV and other instruments. The mission is expected to be conducted by an international team.

Hirayama, T.

1993-06-01

207

Prototype Morphing Fan Nozzle Demonstrated  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Ongoing research in NASA Glenn Research Center's Structural Mechanics and Dynamics Branch to develop smart materials technologies for aeropropulsion structural components has resulted in the design of the prototype morphing fan nozzle shown in the photograph. This prototype exploits the potential of smart materials to significantly improve the performance of existing aircraft engines by introducing new inherent capabilities for shape control, vibration damping, noise reduction, health monitoring, and flow manipulation. The novel design employs two different smart materials, a shape-memory alloy and magnetorheological fluids, to reduce the nozzle area by up to 30 percent. The prototype of the variable-area fan nozzle implements an overlapping spring leaf assembly to simplify the initial design and to provide ease of structural control. A single bundle of shape memory alloy wire actuators is used to reduce the nozzle geometry. The nozzle is subsequently held in the reduced-area configuration by using magnetorheological fluid brakes. This prototype uses the inherent advantages of shape memory alloys in providing large induced strains and of magnetorheological fluids in generating large resistive forces. In addition, the spring leaf design also functions as a return spring, once the magnetorheological fluid brakes are released, to help force the shape memory alloy wires to return to their original position. A computerized real-time control system uses the derivative-gain and proportional-gain algorithms to operate the system. This design represents a novel approach to the active control of high-bypass-ratio turbofan engines. Researchers have estimated that such engines will reduce thrust specific fuel consumption by 9 percent over that of fixed-geometry fan nozzles. This research was conducted under a cooperative agreement (NCC3-839) at the University of Akron.

Lee, Ho-Jun; Song, Gang-Bing

2004-01-01

208

Adult perceptions of phonotactic violations in Japanese  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Adult Japanese speakers ``hear'' epenthetic vowels in productions of Japanese-like words that violate the canonical CVCVCV form by containing internal consonant clusters (CVCCV) [Dupoux et al., J. Exp. Psychol. 25, 1568-1578 (1999)]. Given this finding, this research examined how Japanese adults rated the goodness of Japanese-like words produced without a vowel in the final syllable (CVC), and words produced without vowels in the penultimate and final syllables (CVCC). Furthermore, in some of these contexts, voiceless vowels may appear in fluent, casual Japanese productions, especially in the Kanto dialect, and in some, such voiceless vowels may not appear. Results indicate that both Kanto and Kinki speakers rated CVC productions for contexts in which voiceless vowels are not allowed as the worst; they rated CVC and CVCC contexts in which voiceless vowel productions are allowed as better. In these latter contexts, the CVC words, which result from the loss of one, final, vowel, are judged to be better than the CVCC words, which result from the loss of two (final and penultimate) vowels. These results mirror the relative seriousness of the phonotactic violations and indicate listeners have tacit knowledge of these regularities in their language.

Fais, Laurel; Kajikawa, Sachiyo; Werker, Janet; Amano, Shigeaki

2001-05-01

209

Prototype Abstraction by Monkeys ("Macaca Mulatta")  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors analyze the shape categorization of rhesus monkeys ("Macaca mulatta") and the role of prototype- and exemplar-based comparison processes in monkeys' category learning. Prototype and exemplar theories make contrasting predictions regarding performance on the Posner-Homa dot-distortion categorization task. Prototype theory--which…

Smith, J. David; Redford, Joshua S.; Haas, Sarah M.

2008-01-01

210

Japanese Vowel Devoicing: Cases of Consecutive Devoicing Environments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that devoicing sites in Japanese are specified for the feature, departing from the traditional phonological analysis of Japanese vowel devoicing, which considers devoicing as an assimilation of the feature [+spread glottis]. (Author/VWL)

Tsuchida, Ayako

2001-01-01

211

3. View of Japanese village, type C structure, facing eastsoutheast ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. View of Japanese village, type C structure, facing east-southeast - Nevada Test Site, Japanese Village, Type C Structure, Area 4, Yucca Flat, 4-04 Road near Rainier Mesa Road, Mercury, Nye County, NV

212

Rhetorical strategies of foreign executives in revitalizing Japanese global enterprise  

E-print Network

Carlos Ghosn of Nissan and Sir Howard Stringer of Sony are the first non-Japanese top executives of Japanese global enterprises. At the time they were appointed CEOs, both companies were in crisis: Nissan almost facing ...

Hatayama, Hiroaki

2010-01-01

213

Simulation in a dynamic prototyping environment: Petri nets or rules?  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An evaluation of a prototyped user interface is best supported by a simulation of the system. A simulation allows for dynamic evaluation of the interface rather than just a static evaluation of the screen's appearance. This allows potential users to evaluate both the look (in terms of the screen layout, color, objects, etc.) and feel (in terms of operations and actions which need to be performed) of a system's interface. Because of the need to provide dynamic evaluation of an interface, there must be support for producing active simulations. The high-fidelity training simulators are normally delivered too late to be effectively used in prototyping the displays. Therefore, it is important to build a low fidelity simulator, so that the iterative cycle of refining the human computer interface based upon a user's interactions can proceed early in software development.

Moore, Loretta A.; Price, Shannon W.; Hale, Joseph P.

1994-01-01

214

The management of labour in Japanese manufacturing plants in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

While there is now considerable scholarship concerning Japanese management practices in their overseas production operations in Europe and North America, little is known about Japanese investment in other parts of the world, especially in Asia. This paper draws on on-going research into the nature and operations of Japanese manufacturing investments in China. The paper focuses on interviews primarily with Chinese

Bill Taylor

2001-01-01

215

Teaching about Japanese-American Internment. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Japanese-American internment experience during World War II continues to affect the Japanese-American community. This ERIC Digest provides six suggestions for teaching about the Japanese-American internment, touching on civil rights, immigration, the media, "loyalty," redress and reparations, and primary and secondary sources. Includes five…

Mukai, Gary

216

Factor Structure of Japanese Versions of Two Emotional Intelligence Scales  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the psychometric properties of two emotional intelligence measures translated into Japanese. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to examine the factor structure of a Japanese version of the Wong and Law Emotional Intelligence Scale (WLEIS) completed by 310 Japanese university students. A second study employed CFA…

Fukuda, Eriko; Saklofske, Donald H.; Tamaoka, Katsuo; Fung, Tak Shing; Miyaoka, Yayoi; Kiyama, Sachiko

2011-01-01

217

Offers and Requests: Performance by Japanese Learners of English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comparison of native and nonnative (Japanese) English speakers' expressions for offers and requests found that Japanese subjects were typically too direct in most situations and sounded rude, even when they intended to be polite. This suggests that the pragmatic competence of Japanese learners of English needs to be reinforced in language…

Fukushima, Saeko

1990-01-01

218

The Japanese Automobile Worker: A Microcosm of Japan's Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A teaching unit on the Japanese automobile worker was developed from a compilation of on-site interviews with Japanese company managers and production line employees, and official publications of the Japanese car industry. The unit is designed to present a balanced picture of Japan's economic success and labor relations and to develop global…

Kaderabeck, Elizabeth A.

219

Consonant cluster production in Japanese learners of English  

E-print Network

whether the vowel inserted by Japanese speakers was epenthetic (phonological) or excrescent (phonetic in Japanese. More advanced speakers' results, on the other hand, suggested that phonetics may be involved, suggesting that both phonetics and phonology affect Japanese speaker's vowel insertion in a complex way

Fujimoto, Hiroshi

220

Hotel Employees' Japanese Language Experiences: Implications and Suggestions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the Japanese language learning experiences of 13 hotel employees in Guam. Results of the study present implications and suggestions for a Japanese language program for the hotel industry. The project began as a result of hotel employees frustrations when they were unable to communicate effectively with their Japanese guests. (Auth/JL)

Makita-Discekici, Yasuko

1998-01-01

221

A prototype Upper Atmospheric Research Collaboratory (UARC)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Collaboratory concept has great potential for enabling 'critical mass' working groups and highly interdisciplinary research projects. We report here on a new program to build a prototype collaboratory using the Sondrestrom Upper Atmospheric Research Facility in Kangerlussuaq, Greenland and a group of associated scientists. The Upper Atmospheric Research Collaboratory (UARC) is a joint venture of researchers in upper atmospheric and space science, computer science, and behavioral science to develop a testbed for collaborative remote research. We define the 'collaboratory' as an advanced information technology environment which enables teams to work together over distance and time on a wide variety of intellectual tasks. It provides: (1) human-to-human communications using shared computer tools and work spaces; (2) group access and use of a network of information, data, and knowledge sources; and (3) remote access and control of instruments for data acquisition. The UARC testbed is being implemented to support a distributed community of space scientists so that they have network access to the remote instrument facility in Kangerlussuaq and are able to interact among geographically distributed locations. The goal is to enable them to use the UARC rather than physical travel to Greenland to conduct team research campaigns. Even on short notice through the collaboratory from their home institutions, participants will be able to meet together to operate a battery of remote interactive observations and to acquire, process, and interpret the data.

Clauer, C. R.; Atkins, D. E; Weymouth, T. E.; Olson, G. M.; Niciejewski, R.; Finholt, T. A.; Prakash, A.; Rasmussen, C. E.; Killeen, T.; Rosenberg, T. J.

1995-01-01

222

ANTARES: a prototype transient broker system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Arizona-NOAO Temporal Analysis and Response to Events System (ANTARES) is a joint project of the National Optical Astronomy Observatory and the Department of Computer Science at the University of Arizona. The goal is to build the software infrastructure necessary to process and filter alerts produced by time-domain surveys, with the ultimate source of such alerts being the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST). The ANTARES broker will add value to alerts by annotating them with information from external sources such as previous surveys from across the electromagnetic spectrum. In addition, the temporal history of annotated alerts will provide further annotation for analysis. These alerts will go through a cascade of filters to select interesting candidates. For the prototype, `interesting' is defined as the rarest or most unusual alert, but future systems will accommodate multiple filtering goals. The system is designed to be flexible, allowing users to access the stream at multiple points throughout the process, and to insert custom filters where necessary. We describe the basic architecture of ANTARES and the principles that will guide development and implementation.

Saha, Abhijit; Matheson, Thomas; Snodgrass, Richard; Kececioglu, John; Narayan, Gautham; Seaman, Robert; Jenness, Tim; Axelrod, Tim

2014-07-01

223

JAPANESE MINOR REQUIREMENTS General Requirements. A Japanese Language minor is an academic program consisting of 18 credit  

E-print Network

JAPANESE MINOR REQUIREMENTS General Requirements. A Japanese Language minor is an academic program consisting of 18 credit hours. The core of the minor will be 14 credits in intermediate and upper-level Japanese language courses. Students will be required to do a one-credit capstone Research course

Behmer, Spencer T.

224

From East to West: a Japanese Pharma perspective on establishing a global research capability.  

PubMed

Takeda (http://www.takeda.com) is one of the oldest Pharmaceutical companies in the world and has been the largest Japanese Pharmaceutical company for over a decade. Although many of its operations such as development and marketing have been conducted on a global basis for a number of years, research has historically been focused on in-house activities inside Japan, which have a successful track record in generating pioneer blockbuster drugs. To meet the ever-increasing challenge of maintaining a robust pipeline and a continuous stream of INDs, Takeda has embarked on a program to globalize its internal drug discovery capability through the integration of world-class research entities. We outline the strategies, opportunities and challenges of building a global research network from the perspective of a Japanese Pharmaceutical company. PMID:19508924

Takatani, Muneo; Kenny, Barry; Hird, Nick

2009-06-01

225

CALIFA Barrel prototype detector characterisation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Well established in the field of scintillator detection, Caesium Iodide remains at the forefront of scintillators for use in modern calorimeters. Recent developments in photosensor technology have lead to the production of Large Area Avalanche Photo Diodes (LAAPDs), a huge advancement on traditional photosensors in terms of high internal gain, dynamic range, magnetic field insensitivity, high quantum efficiency and fast recovery time. The R3B physics programme has a number of requirements for its calorimeter, one of the most challenging being the dual functionality as both a calorimeter and a spectrometer. This involves the simultaneous detection of ?300 MeV protons and gamma rays ranging from 0.1 to 20 MeV. This scintillator - photosensor coupling provides an excellent solution in this capacity, in part due to the near perfect match of the LAAPD quantum efficiency peak to the light output wavelength of CsI(Tl). Modern detector development is guided by use of Monte Carlo simulations to predict detector performance, nonetheless it is essential to benchmark these simulations against real data taken with prototype detector arrays. Here follows an account of the performance of two such prototypes representing different polar regions of the Barrel section of the forthcoming CALIFA calorimeter. Measurements were taken for gamma-ray energies up to 15.1 MeV (Maier-Leibnitz Laboratory, Garching, Germany) and for direct irradiation with a 180 MeV proton beam (The Svedberg Laboratoriet, Uppsala, Sweden). Results are discussed in light of complementary GEANT4 simulations.

Pietras, B.; Gascón, M.; Álvarez-Pol, H.; Bendel, M.; Bloch, T.; Casarejos, E.; Cortina-Gil, D.; Durán, I.; Fiori, E.; Gernhäuser, R.; González, D.; Kröll, T.; Le Bleis, T.; Montes, N.; Nácher, E.; Robles, M.; Perea, A.; Vilán, J. A.; Winkel, M.

2013-11-01

226

Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Prototype Demonstration for Consumer Electronics Applications  

SciTech Connect

This report is the final technical report for DOE Program DE-FC36-04GO14301 titled “Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Prototype Demonstration for Consumer Electronics Applications”. Due to the public nature of this report some of the content reported in confidential reports and meetings to the DOE is not covered in detail in this report and some of the content has been normalized to not show actual values. There is a comparison of the projects accomplishments with the objectives, an overview of some of the key subsystem work, and a review of the three levels of prototypes demonstrated during the program. There is also a description of the eventual commercial product and market this work is leading towards. The work completed under this program has significantly increased the understanding of how Direct Methanol Fuel Cells (DMFC) can be deployed successfully to power consumer electronic devices. The prototype testing has demonstrated the benefits a direct methanol fuel cell system has over batteries typically used for powering consumer electronic devices. Three generations of prototypes have been developed and tested for performance, robustness and life. The technologies researched and utilized in the fuel cell stack and related subsystems for these prototypes are leveraged from advances in other industries such as the hydrogen fueled PEM fuel cell industry. The work under this program advanced the state of the art of direct methanol fuel cells. The system developed by MTI micro fuel cells aided by this program differs significantly from conventional DMFC designs and offers compelling advantages in the areas of performance, life, size, and simplicity. The program has progressed as planned resulting in the completion of the scope of work and available funding in December 2008. All 18 of the final P3 prototypes builds have been tested and the results showed significant improvements over P2 prototypes in build yield, initial performance, and durability. The systems have demonstrated robust operation when tested at various orientations, temperatures, and humidity levels. Durability testing has progressed significantly over the course of the program. MEA, engine, and system level steady state testing has demonstrated degradation rates acceptable for initial product introduction. Test duration of over 5000 hrs has been achieved at both the MEA and breadboard system level. P3 level prototype life testing on engines (stacks with reactant conditioning) showed degradation rates comparable to carefully constructed lab fixtures. This was a major improvement over the P2 and P1 engine designs, which exhibited substantial reductions in life and performance between the lab cell and the actual engine. Over the course of the work on the P3 technology set, a platform approach was taken to the system design. By working in this direction, a number of product iterations with substantial market potential were identified. Although the main effort has been the development of a prototype charger for consumer electronic devices, multiple other product concepts were developed during the program showing the wide variety of potential applications.

Carlstrom, Charles, M., Jr.

2009-07-07

227

Learning Intelligent Genetic Algorithms Using Japanese Nonograms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An intelligent genetic algorithm (IGA) is proposed to solve Japanese nonograms and is used as a method in a university course to learn evolutionary algorithms. The IGA combines the global exploration capabilities of a canonical genetic algorithm (CGA) with effective condensed encoding, improved fitness function, and modified crossover and…

Tsai, Jinn-Tsong; Chou, Ping-Yi; Fang, Jia-Cen

2012-01-01

228

Allergic mucocutaneous reactions to Japanese encephalitis vaccine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japanese encephalitis (JE) vaccine has been used in childhood immunization programmes in Asia for many years. Also travellers from other parts of the world have been vaccinated before travelling in Asian countries. Recommendations for the use of JE vaccine are still debated because severe cases of adverse reactions have been reported. In Denmark an inactivated JE vaccine derived from infected

Anne-Marie Plesner; Tove Rønne

1997-01-01

229

The Grammar of Mental Predicates in Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines Japanese equivalents of the six mental predicates defined as semantic universals in Natural Semantic Metalanguage theory, with special attention to syntax and semantics of complementation types. It is shown that each primitive predicate has a specific set of syntactic frames for expressing primitive meaning and that extended meanings that…

Onishi, Masayuki

1997-01-01

230

Politics of Education for Japanese Returnee Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business expansion in the 1960s and its associated international strategies have meant that many Japanese company employees and their families were sent abroad on long-term assignments. The children who accompanied their parents on such assignments and then returned to Japan were first described as "educational refugees" and were regarded as…

Fry, Rieko

2009-01-01

231

Lifelong Learning and Demographics: A Japanese Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the social dimension of lifelong learning from the perspective of demographics, with particular focus on the issue of the birth of fewer children, which has become one of the most important current social issues in Japanese society. When considering the relationship between lifelong learning and demographics, the issues arising…

Ogawa, Seiko

2005-01-01

232

Japanese Lifetime Employment: A Century's Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the origins and dynamic evolution of the lifetime employment system in Japan from the beginning of the 20th century to present. Based on the historical perspective developed in the paper, we derive implications to the future course of the Japanese employment system. In this paper, we view lifetime employment as an economic as well as social institution,

Chiaki Moriguchi; Hiroshi Ono

2004-01-01

233

Japanese International Students' Attitudes toward Acquaintance Rape.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study looked at the influence of an Asian sociocultural variable, loss of face or social integrity, as a predictor of perceptions of acquaintance rape among Japanese students. In addition to the expected associations between gender, sexism, and perceptions of rape, loss of face was predicted to interact with the perpetrator's reference group…

Motoike, Janice; Stockdale, Margaret

234

Request Strategies in British English and Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tests request strategies used by speakers of Japanese and British English in two culturally neutral situations likely to trigger a request. Concludes that the degree of imposition goes on a par with the number of politeness strategies but that there are differences in the types of strategies used: the British use conventional forms and supportive…

Fukushima, Saeko

1996-01-01

235

Japanese-American Internment. A Historical Reader.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Historical Reader on "Japanese American Internment" in World War II introduces students to key events and issues during the period through the voices of people with firsthand experienced. Source documents and illustrations are arranged in chronological order and/or thematic units that establish context. Each selection is followed by critical…

2000

236

Facial soft tissue thickness in Japanese children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Facial reconstruction techniques used in forensic anthropology are based on mean soft tissue thickness measurements. Numerous studies of facial tissue thickness in adults have been published on a range of subjects from different ancestral backgrounds. Data on facial thickness in children derive primarily from Caucasoid, African-American, and Hispanic subjects. There are limited data from the few studies of Japanese children

Hajime Utsuno; Toru Kageyama; Keiichi Uchida; Mineo Yoshino; Hiroo Miyazawa; Katsuhiro Inoue

2010-01-01

237

Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Trials of Japanese Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the Japanese response in terms of innovation capacity and entrepreneurship enhancement under the ever-changing economic environment. Particular focus would go to the interactions among government, industry and universities in the national innovation system at a macro level, and entrepreneurship education at the institutional…

Shi, Lili; Yonezawa, Akiyoshi

2012-01-01

238

Japanese vs. Caucasian Intelligence and Social Attainment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes a series of studies from the Hawaii Family Study of Cognition on possible genetic and social environmental determinants of individual differences in and racial/ethnic differences between groups on intelligence and attainment. These studies, which focused on Japanese and Caucasian Americans, illustrate the complex, interactive, and…

Nagoshi, Craig T.

1998-01-01

239

Peer Instruction at Japanese High School Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on our attempt to introduce the peer instruction (PI) into a Japanese high-school physics course. To evaluate the effectiveness of PI in the course, we define the PI-efficiency (PIE). It is shown that PIE is useful to find out students' reasoning difficulties as well as effective usages of PI.

Takahashi, H.; Nitta, H.

2010-07-01

240

The organization of Japanese expository passages  

Microsoft Academic Search

When document designers localize documents for readers in another country, they often assume that the organization of the material used with its original audience will be effective for readers in another country. Whether this assumption is sound depends on what organizational structure readers in other countries are accustomed to seeing. The study examines the organizational structure of 17 Japanese expository

W AKA FUKUOKA; JAN H. SPYRIDAKIS

1999-01-01

241

Life satisfaction among the Japanese living abroad  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study was designed to examine differences in life satisfaction between groups of Japanese living in three different countries using the Life Satisfaction Battery (LSB). The LSB was developed by Sorenson (1986) and consists of 12 scales: positive mood, negative mood, physical discomforts, satisfaction, daily routine, competence, accomplishments, resources, stress, motivation, internal obstacles, and external obstacles. This self-report inventory

Yukiko Yoshida; Loren Sauer; Romeria Tidwell; Rodney Skager; A. Garth Sorenson

1997-01-01

242

Object Drop in Japanese and Korean  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Languages can differ in fundamental ways with respect to the syntax of sentences with a "missing" direct object. Whereas Japanese and Korean permit null direct objects that are licensed under general discourse conditions (the recoverability of the referent from context) without regard for choice of verb, object ellipsis in English obeys lexical…

O'Grady, William; Yamashita, Yoshie; Cho, Sookeun

2008-01-01

243

"Diverging" American and Japanese Science Scores.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A book examining alleged American/Japanese test score divergences on the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) suffers from "naive anthropology" and "adult- centric" thinking. Thicker U.S. textbooks may be the real problem. School performance is probably not linked to a nation's economic failures or successes. (MLH)

Bracey, Gerald W.

2000-01-01

244

A Japanese approach for CKD-MBD  

PubMed Central

Disturbances in mineral and bone metabolism have a critical role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular complications in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The term ‘renal osteodystrophy' has recently been replaced by ‘CKD-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD)', which includes abnormalities in bone and mineral metabolism and vascular calcification. The Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy clinical practice guideline for the management of secondary hyperparathyroidism in chronic dialysis patients was originally published in Japanese in 2006, then in English in 2008. During the past 5 years, this first guideline has contributed to a considerably better understanding and control of secondary hyperparathyroidism in CKD patients by physicians, other medical professionals, and the patients themselves. However, since its publication several new therapeutic modalities have become available for Japanese dialysis patients, which added more evidence to this area. Thus, we revised the guideline to include several new policies, and the new guideline was published in Japanese in 2012. This article contains the new guideline text, and clinical significance of CKD-MBD in Japan. PMID:25019029

Yokoyama, Keitaro; Taniguchi, Masatomo; Fukagawa, Masafumi

2013-01-01

245

Mission computer replacement prototype for Special Operations Forces aircraft: an application of commercial technology to avionics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attempts to improve the reliability and maintainability of Special Operations Forces (SOF) fixed wing aircraft avionics by developing the mission computer replacement prototype (MCRP), are described. The purpose of the MCRP is to design, build, and demonstrate a replacement mission computer that is applicable across SOF aircraft. Our goal is to develop an open architecture mission computer based on industry

H. Lowery; B. Mitchell

2000-01-01

246

PowerCore{trademark}, NiMH production prototype for portable electronics. Quarterly report R02  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to build a production prototype of Power Core structural battery for applications as a hard case for portable electronic devices. The reports summarizes the work completed since the last report. It briefly describes the problems that were experienced. It also gives details of progress versus statement of work task definitions.

Lyman, P.C.

1998-01-30

247

A PROTOTYPE FOR ON-LINE MONITORING AND CONTROL OF ENERGY PERFORMANCE FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY  

E-print Network

A PROTOTYPE FOR ON-LINE MONITORING AND CONTROL OF ENERGY PERFORMANCE FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY BUILDINGS@univ-perp.fr Keywords: Renewable energies, energy performance indicators, monitoring system, smart transducers, control. Control algorithms are tested in simulation to improve renewable energy consumption while reducing fossil

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

248

Research of the Segment Erector of Tunnel Boring Machine Based on Virtual Prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital mockup of segment erector has been built in PRO\\/E and imported into ADAMS through Mechanism\\/Pro for building the virtual prototype. Step function is applied for fitting the segment erector's main drivers, single segment erected time in Qinling tunnel is calculated as an example, the dynamic simulation of segment erecting under different operating conditions has been made. Comparing the analyzed

Gong Yadong; Cheng Jun; Wang Chao; Zhang Qingguo; Li Shu

2010-01-01

249

Arkose: A Prototype Mechanism and Tool for Collaborative Information Generation and Distillation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goals of this thesis have been to gain a better understanding of collaborative knowledge sharing and distilling and to build a prototype collaborative system that supports flexible knowledge generation and distillation. To reach these goals, I have conducted two user studies and built two systems. The first system, Arkose 1.0, is a…

Nam, Kevin Kyung

2010-01-01

250

Snowball: A Prototype System for Extracting Relations from Large Text Collections  

E-print Network

in detail in [2] and [1]. Generate Extraction Patterns Seed Tuples Generate New Seed Tuples Tag EntitiesSnowball: A Prototype System for Extracting Relations from Large Text Collections Eugene Agichtein document collection. One could view the extraction process as automatically building a material- ized view

Agichtein, Eugene

251

Building America  

SciTech Connect

IBACOS researched the constructability and viability issues of using high performance windows as one component of a larger approach to building houses that achieve the Building America 70% energy savings target.

Brad Oberg

2010-12-31

252

The Computational Chemistry Prototyping Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evolving technologies, as exemplified by computational grids and Web services, have made it possible to solve new scientific problems that would not have been feasible previously. In order to make such advances available to the community in general and to be able to solve new problems, not necessarily from the same discipline, it is imperative to build tools that provide

KIM K. BALDRIDGE; JERRY P. GREENBERG; WIBKE SUDHOLT; STEPHEN MOCK; ILKAY ALTINTAS; CELINE AMOREIRA; YOHANN POTIER; ADAM BIRNBAUM; KARAN BHATIA; MICHELA TAUFER

2005-01-01

253

Building Bingo  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this on site "field trip" activity (located on pages 6-9 of PDF), learners get hands-on experience identifying building materials by playing "Building Bingo". To play, teams of learners locate interior and exterior building materials at their site, use the Natural Materials chart to complete the Building Materials Facts label, and cross off the boxes on their Bingo cards. This lesson guide includes suggestions/tips and game hand-outs.

2012-05-09

254

Status of the RFD linac prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 2.5-MeV prototype of a “Compact 12-MeV Proton Linac for PET Isotope Production” is under construction at Linac Systems. This unit will serve as the “proof of principle” for the revolutionary new RF Focused Drift tube (RFD) linac structure. Both the prototype and the production unit will operate at 600 MHz. The prototype comprises a 25-keV proton ion source, an

D. A. Swenson; F. W. Guy; J. W. Lenz; K. R. Crandall; J. M. Potter

1997-01-01

255

Status of the RFD Linac Prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 2.5-MeV prototype of a Compact 12-MeV Proton Linac for PET Isotope Production is under construction at Linac Systems. This unit will serve as the proof of principle for the revolutionary new Rf Focused Drift tube (RFD) linac structure. Both the prototype and the production unit will operate at 600 MHz. The prototype comprises a 25-keV proton ion source, an

D. A. Swenson; F. W. Guy; J. W. Lenz; K. R. Crandall; J. M. Potter

1997-01-01

256

IMMR Phase 1 Prototyping Plan Inputs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation reviews the phase I plan of the prototype of the IMMR by the Multilateral Medical Operations Panel (MMOP) Medical Informatics & Technology (MIT) Working Group. It reviews the Purpose of IMMR Prototype Phase 1 (IPP1); the IPP1 Plan Overview, the IMMR Prototype Phase 1 Plan for PDDs and MIC and MIC-DDs, Plan for MICs, a nd the IPP1 objectives

Vowell, C. W.; Johnson-Throop, Kathy; Smith, Bryon; Darcy, Jeannette

2006-01-01

257

Five Factor Model Prototype Matching Scores: Convergence Within Alternative Methods  

PubMed Central

The Five Factor Model of Personality (FFM) has been proposed as a potential alternative to the current DSM-IV-TR model, which conceptualizes personality disorders (PDs) as categorical constructs. While an extensive literature has pointed out the flaws of the diagnostic categories, they are quite familiar to clinicians and there may still be instances when identifying these constructs for clinical purposes, such as for rapidly communicating information about a patient, is warranted. From the perspective of the FFM, the PDs represent specific constellations of personality traits and research has demonstrated that the PDs can be recovered by assessing the degree to which an FFM profile matches the FFM description of a prototypic PD case. The current study builds upon that research by assessing the convergent and discriminant validity of prototype scores and DSM-IV PD measures using self-report, informant report, semi-structured interview, and clinician descriptions. The results suggest that the prototype matching scores are largely valid across these methods for all PDs, with perhaps the exception of obsessive-compulsive. These findings are related to previous research and the clinical implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:22023296

Samuel, Douglas B.; Edmundson, Maryanne; Widiger, Thomas A.

2010-01-01

258

Five factor model prototype matching scores: convergence within alternative methods.  

PubMed

The Five Factor Model of Personality (FFM) has been proposed as a potential alternative to the current DSM-IV-TR model, which conceptualizes personality disorders (PDs) as categorical constructs. While an extensive literature has pointed out the flaws of the diagnostic categories, they are quite familiar to clinicians and there may still be instances when identifying these constructs for clinical purposes, such as for rapidly communicating information about a patient, is warranted. From the perspective of the FFM, the PDs represent specific constellations of personality traits and research has demonstrated that the PDs can be recovered by assessing the degree to which an FFM profile matches the FFM description of a prototypic PD case. The current study builds upon that research by assessing the convergent and discriminant validity of prototype scores and DSM-IV PD measures using self-report, informant report, semi-structured interview, and clinician descriptions. The results suggest that the prototype matching scores are largely valid across these methods for all PDs, with perhaps the exception of obsessive-compulsive. These findings are related to previous research and the clinical implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:22023296

Samuel, Douglas B; Edmundson, Maryanne; Widiger, Thomas A

2011-10-01

259

Collapsed Building  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

This masonry office building in the downtown area of Concepcion, Chile collapsed as a result of the M 8.8 earthquake on Feb. 27, 2010. The construction of this building predates the establishment of strict building codes in Chile, put in place following the devastating earthquake of 1960. ...

2010-03-30

260

Healthy Buildings?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health problems related to school buildings can be categorized in five major areas: sick-building syndrome; health-threatening building materials; environmental hazards such as radon gas and asbestos; lead poisoning; and poor indoor air quality due to smoke, chemicals, and other pollutants. This paper provides an overview of these areas,…

Grubb, Deborah

261

Prototypes as (Design) Tools for Behavioral and Organizational ChangeA Design-Based Approach to Help Organizations Change Work Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article promotes the idea that prototyping, a method regularly employed in the design and development of products and services, is a powerful means to facilitate organizational development and change. The authors present three objectives related to prototyping that facilitate behavioral change within organizations. These objectives include building to think—creating tangible expressions of ideas enables organizational thinking to develop concretely

Peter Coughlan; Jane Fulton Suri; Katherine Canales

2007-01-01

262

Design and Performance of Balloon-borne CALET Prototype Detector  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) mission is proposed for the Japanese Experiment Module Exposed Facility, JEM-EF, of the International Space Station. As a prototype detector of CALET, we have been developing a balloon-borne payload. We carried out a successful balloon flight in 2007 by a bCALET-1 (balloon CALET-1) payload, which has nearly a 1/50 scale of CALET. Electrons in 1 GeV - several 10 GeV were observed at an altitude of 36 km at the Sanriku Balloon Center, May 31. We are constructing a bCALET-2 payload for next step, which corresponds to nearly a 1/10 scale of CALET. The bCALET-2 detector is composed of IMC, TASC, and Anti-Coincidence Detector (ACD). We are planning to carry out a balloon experiment by bCALET-2 in 2009 for the purpose of evaluating the performance and observing the electrons in 1GeV - 100GeV and the atmospheric gamma-rays in 20MeV - 1GeV. A summary of the bCALET-1 observation, the performance of bCALET-2, and a plan of long duration balloon experiment in future will be presented.

Fukuta, Yasuhiro; Torii, Shoji; Kasahara, Katsuaki; Shimizu, Yuki; Akaike, Yosui; Taira, Koichi; Hidaka, Ken; Tamura, Tadahisa; Katayose, Yusaku; Murakami, Hiroyuki

263

Hadron therapy information sharing prototype  

E-print Network

The European PARTNER project developed a prototypical system for sharing hadron therapy data. This system allows doctors and patients to record and report treatment-related events during and after hadron therapy. It presents doctors and statisticians with an integrated view of adverse events across institutions, using open-source components for data federation, semantics, and analysis. There is a particular emphasis upon semantic consistency, achieved through intelligent, annotated form designs. The system as presented is ready for use in a clinical setting, and amenable to further customization. The essential contribution of the work reported here lies in the novel data integration and reporting methods, as well as the approach to software sustainability achieved through the use of community-supported open-source components.

Roman, Faustin Laurentiu; Kanellopoulos, Vassiliki; Amoros, Gabriel; Davies, Jim; Dosanjh, Manjit; Jena, Raj; Kirkby, Norman; Peach, Ken; Salt, Jose

2013-01-01

264

Hadron therapy information sharing prototype.  

PubMed

The European PARTNER project developed a prototypical system for sharing hadron therapy data. This system allows doctors and patients to record and report treatment-related events during and after hadron therapy. It presents doctors and statisticians with an integrated view of adverse events across institutions, using open-source components for data federation, semantics, and analysis. There is a particular emphasis upon semantic consistency, achieved through intelligent, annotated form designs. The system as presented is ready for use in a clinical setting, and amenable to further customization. The essential contribution of the work reported here lies in the novel data integration and reporting methods, as well as the approach to software sustainability achieved through the use of community-supported open-source components. PMID:23824127

Roman, Faustin Laurentiu; Abler, Daniel; Kanellopoulos, Vassiliki; Amoros, Gabriel; Davies, Jim; Dosanjh, Manjit; Jena, Raj; Kirkby, Norman; Peach, Ken; Salt, Jose

2013-07-01

265

Hadron therapy information sharing prototype  

PubMed Central

The European PARTNER project developed a prototypical system for sharing hadron therapy data. This system allows doctors and patients to record and report treatment-related events during and after hadron therapy. It presents doctors and statisticians with an integrated view of adverse events across institutions, using open-source components for data federation, semantics, and analysis. There is a particular emphasis upon semantic consistency, achieved through intelligent, annotated form designs. The system as presented is ready for use in a clinical setting, and amenable to further customization. The essential contribution of the work reported here lies in the novel data integration and reporting methods, as well as the approach to software sustainability achieved through the use of community-supported open-source components. PMID:23824127

Roman, Faustin Laurentiu; Abler, Daniel; Kanellopoulos, Vassiliki; Amoros, Gabriel; Davies, Jim; Dosanjh, Manjit; Jena, Raj; Kirkby, Norman; Peach, Ken; Salt, Jose

2013-01-01

266

The Japanese global leadership challenge: what it means for the rest of the world  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rise of the modern Japanese economy in general and of Japanese multinational corporations (MNCs) in particular has been well documented. However, as the Japanese economy has struggled and as emerging markets including China have taken off, interest in Japanese multinational firms has slid. This is unfortunate, because the relative failure of Japanese MNCs to adapt to a more complex,

J. Stewart Black; Allen J. Morrison

2012-01-01

267

U-PLANT GEOGRAPHIC ZONE CLEANUP PROTOTYPE  

SciTech Connect

The U Plant geographic zone (UPZ) occupies 0.83 square kilometers on the Hanford Site Central Plateau (200 Area). It encompasses the U Plant canyon (221-U Facility), ancillary facilities that supported the canyon, soil waste sites, and underground pipelines. The UPZ cleanup initiative coordinates the cleanup of the major facilities, ancillary facilities, waste sites, and contaminated pipelines (collectively identified as ''cleanup items'') within the geographic zone. The UPZ was selected as a geographic cleanup zone prototype for resolving regulatory, technical, and stakeholder issues and demonstrating cleanup methods for several reasons: most of the area is inactive, sufficient characterization information is available to support decisions, cleanup of the high-risk waste sites will help protect the groundwater, and the zone contains a representative cross-section of the types of cleanup actions that will be required in other geographic zones. The UPZ cleanup demonstrates the first of 22 integrated zone cleanup actions on the Hanford Site Central Plateau to address threats to groundwater, the environment, and human health. The UPZ contains more than 100 individual cleanup items. Cleanup actions in the zone will be undertaken using multiple regulatory processes and decision documents. Cleanup actions will include building demolition, waste site and pipeline excavation, and the construction of multiple, large engineered barriers. In some cases, different cleanup actions may be taken at item locations that are immediately adjacent to each other. The cleanup planning and field activities for each cleanup item must be undertaken in a coordinated and cohesive manner to ensure effective execution of the UPZ cleanup initiative. The UPZ zone cleanup implementation plan (ZCIP) was developed to address the need for a fundamental integration tool for UPZ cleanup. As UPZ cleanup planning and implementation moves forward, the ZCIP is intended to be a living document that will provide a focal point for integrating UPZ actions, including field cleanup activities, waste staging and handling, and post-cleanup monitoring and institutional controls.

ROMINE, L.D.

2006-02-01

268

Computer Note A Prototype Object Database for  

E-print Network

Computer Note A Prototype Object Database for Mitochondrial DNA Variation J. E. NEIGEL AND P preserved. We hope to prevent further loss by establishing a community database for population genetic surveys. We explored the feasibility of a population genetics database by developing a prototype

Neigel, Joseph E.

269

dE/dx prototype test  

SciTech Connect

A small prototype of a multiwire dE/dx detector was tested in SLAC's test beam. The basic concept of the detector was similar to the JADE drift cell design. The purpose of the test was to decide on some design parameters for a full size prototype, which is now in construction.

Va'vra, J.; Rust, D.

1980-10-01

270

Experiences with Prototype InfiniBand Hardware  

SciTech Connect

This report describes testing of prototype InfiniBand{trademark} host channel adapters from Intel Corporation, using the Linux(reg sign) operating system. Three generations of prototype hardware were obtained, and Linux device drivers were written which exercised the data movement capabilities of the cards. Latency and throughput results obtained were similar to other SAN technologies, but not significantly better.

SCHUTT, JAMES A.

2001-11-01

271

Rapid prototyping of large scale aerospace structures  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new Rapid Prototyping (RP) technique is being developed at the Manufacturing Processes Laboratory at the University of Utah. This alternative RP technique allows engineers to create full scale physical prototypes of their large designs literally overnight. Where existing RP machines are limited to models that fit within a 30\\

Charles L. Thomas; Thomas M. Gaffney; Srinivas Kaza; Cheol H. Lee

1996-01-01

272

Progress in Additive Manufacturing and Rapid Prototyping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid prototyping generally refers to techniques that produce shaped parts by gradual creation or addition of solid material, therein differing fundamentally from forming and material removal manufacturing techniques. This paper tries to summarise one decade of research and developments in rapid prototyping. The first part surveys some general economical and technological trends. The second part of the paper goes into

J.-P. Kruth; M. C. Leu; T. Nakagawa

1998-01-01

273

Evaluation of a prototype infrasound system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under Department of Energy sponsorship, Sandia National Laboratories and Los Alamos National Laboratory cooperated to develop a prototype infrasonic array, with associated documentation, that could be used as part of the International Monitoring System. The United States Government or foreign countries could procure commercially available systems based on this prototype to fulfill their Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) obligations. The

R. Whitaker; T. Sandoval; D. Breding; D. Kromer

1997-01-01

274

A prototype space flight intravenous injection system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Medical emergencies, especially those resulting from accidents, frequently require the administration of intravenous fluids to replace lost body liquids. The development of a prototype space flight intravenous injection system is presented. The definition of requirements, injectable concentrates development, water polisher, reconstitution hardware development, administration hardware development, and prototype fabrication and testing are discussed.

Colombo, G. V.

1985-01-01

275

Mitochondrial genome of a Japanese placozoan.  

PubMed

Placozoans are marine invertebrates found in tropical and subtropical waters. Their body plan is among the simplest of free-living animals. The present study determined the mitochondrial genome sequence of a placozoan collected on the coast of Shirahama, Wakayama, Honshu, Japan, and compared it with those of Trichoplax adhaerens from the Red Sea and of three strains from the Caribbean Sea. The sequences of mitochondrial respiratory chain of the Japanese placozoan genes are very similar to those of the BZ49 strain from the Caribbean Sea. However, there are distinct differences in gene arrangement, such as the location of two open reading frames. This Japanese placozoan is therefore distinguishable from the other strains. Based on current knowledge of placozoan 16S diversity our 'Shirahama' strain most likely represents the H15 lineage, known from the Philippines. In the mitochondrial genome of placozoans, substitution rates are slower than in bilaterians, whereas the rate of rearrangements is faster. PMID:22468831

Miyazawa, Hideyuki; Yoshida, Masa-aki; Tsuneki, Kazuhiko; Furuya, Hidetaka

2012-04-01

276

Examining posttraumatic growth among Japanese university students.  

PubMed

To determine the underlying factor structure of the Japanese version of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI-J), a principal components analysis was performed on data from 312 Japanese undergraduate students who reported growth due to their most traumatic event within the last 5 years. Results showed the PTGI-J has high internal consistency and, of the original five factors reported by Tedeschi and Calhoun (1996), three were replicated: Relating to Others, New Possibilities, Personal Strength, and a fourth factor integrating Spiritual Change and Appreciation of Life emerged. There were neither gender differences nor relationships with time since trauma. PTGI-J scores were positively associated with posttraumatic symptoms and correlated with type of traumatic event experienced. These results and future directions are discussed from a cross-cultural viewpoint. PMID:17999236

Taku, Kanako; Calhoun, Lawrence G; Tedeschi, Richard G; Gil-Rivas, Virginia; Kilmer, Ryan P; Cann, Arnie

2007-12-01

277

The Japanese jewel beetle: a painter's challenge.  

PubMed

Colours as dynamic as the metallic-like hues adorning the Japanese jewel beetle have never been captured on canvas before. Unlike, and unmatched by, the chemical pigments of the artist's palette, the effect is generated by layered microstructures that refract and reflect light to make colour visible. Exclusive to nature for millions of years, such jewel-like colouration is only now being introduced to art. Sustained scientific research into nature's iridescent multilayer reflectors has recently led to the development and manufacture of analogous synthetic structures, notably innovative light interference flakes. For the first time this novel technology offers artists the exciting, yet challenging, potential to accurately depict nature's iridescence. Mimicking the Japanese jewel beetle by using paints with embedded flakes, we demonstrate that the resulting painting, just like the model, displays iridescent colours that shift with minute variation of the angle of light and viewing. PMID:24262911

Schenk, Franziska; Wilts, Bodo D; Stavenga, Doekele G

2013-12-01

278

Living in the tide of change: explaining Japanese subjective health from the socio-demographic change.  

PubMed

Today, countries around the world are caught in the tide of change toward Gesellshaft, or individualistic socio-demographic condition. Recent investigations in Japan have suggested negative impacts of change on emotional and motivational aspects of the Japanese self (Norasakkunkit et al., 2012; Ogihara and Uchida, 2014). Building on previous findings, in Study 1, we measured socio-demographic change toward individualistic societal condition during 1990-2010-two decades marked by great economic recession-at the levels of prefecture and city using archival data. In Study 2, we tested whether Japanese adults' general health, satisfaction with life, self-esteem, and perceived social support were negatively predicted by the change using social survey. Results of hierarchical linear modeling showed small but unique negative effects of the change on several health measures, suggesting that this change had an impact on health, above and beyond individual personality traits, and demographics. Additionally, interdependent happiness, the type of cultural happiness grounded in interdependence of the self (Hitokoto and Uchida, 2014), showed an independent positive relationship with all aspects of health examined. Implications for health studies in changing socio-demographic condition are discussed in the context of Japanese society after economic crisis. PMID:25400604

Hitokoto, Hidefumi; Tanaka-Matsumi, Junko

2014-01-01

279

Living in the tide of change: explaining Japanese subjective health from the socio-demographic change  

PubMed Central

Today, countries around the world are caught in the tide of change toward Gesellshaft, or individualistic socio-demographic condition. Recent investigations in Japan have suggested negative impacts of change on emotional and motivational aspects of the Japanese self (Norasakkunkit et al., 2012; Ogihara and Uchida, 2014). Building on previous findings, in Study 1, we measured socio-demographic change toward individualistic societal condition during 1990–2010—two decades marked by great economic recession—at the levels of prefecture and city using archival data. In Study 2, we tested whether Japanese adults' general health, satisfaction with life, self-esteem, and perceived social support were negatively predicted by the change using social survey. Results of hierarchical linear modeling showed small but unique negative effects of the change on several health measures, suggesting that this change had an impact on health, above and beyond individual personality traits, and demographics. Additionally, interdependent happiness, the type of cultural happiness grounded in interdependence of the self (Hitokoto and Uchida, 2014), showed an independent positive relationship with all aspects of health examined. Implications for health studies in changing socio-demographic condition are discussed in the context of Japanese society after economic crisis. PMID:25400604

Hitokoto, Hidefumi; Tanaka-Matsumi, Junko

2014-01-01

280

Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with  

E-print Network

for office and retail buildings. The study describes the potential impact of building size, thermal mass zones, allowing calibration of the prototype models. The simulation results are compared to the peak response (DR) is a process of managing customer consumption of electricity in response to supply conditions

281

Cultivation of larvae of Japanese eel  

Microsoft Academic Search

ALTHOUGH the breeding place of the European eel has been detected1, the morphology and ecology of their larvae, especially in pre-leptocephalus stages, still remain to be investigated. We have, however, succeeded2-4 in obtaining some pre-larvae of the Japanese eel, Anguilla japonica, following artificial induction of maturation and spawning in aquaria, the larvae survived for only 6 d; their teeth characteristic

K. Yamauchi; M. Nakamura; H. Takahashi; K. Takano

1976-01-01

282

Phonetic typewriter for Finnish and Japanese  

Microsoft Academic Search

A microprocessor-based real-time speech recognition system is described. It is able to produce orthographic transcriptions for arbitrary words or phrases uttered in Finnish or Japanese. It can also be used as a large-vocabulary isolated word recognizer. The acoustic processor of the system transcribing speech into phonemes is based on neural network principles. The so-called phonotopic maps constructed by a self-organizing

T. Kohonen; K. Torkkola; M. Shozakai; J. Kangas; O. Venta

1988-01-01

283

HIGH ELECTRIC FIELD DRYING OF JAPANESE RADISH  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japanese radish (Raphanus sativus L.) slices were dried under an alternating current (AC) high electric field (HEF) of 430 kV\\/m using a multiple point electrode and a grounded copper mesh. HEF with multipoint to a mesh electrode system could evaporate 87.5% of the total moisture from fresh radish slices on 7 h exposure. Oven-drying at 60°C and ambient air at

T. R. Bajgai; F. Hashinaga

2001-01-01

284

Developmental Sentence Scoring for Japanese (DSSJ)  

PubMed Central

This paper reports on the development and use of the Developmental Sentence Scoring for Japanese (DSSJ), a new morpho-syntactical measure for Japanese constructed after the model of the English Developmental Sentence Scoring model (Lee, 1974). Using this measure, we calculated DSSJ scores for 84 children divided into six age groups between 2;8 and 5;2 on the basis of 100-sentence samples collected from free-play child-adult conversations. The analysis showed a high correlation of the DSSJ overall score with the Mean Length of Utterance. The analysis of the DSSJ subarea scores revealed large variations between these subarea scores for children with similar overall DSSJ scores. When investigating the high-scoring children (over 1 SD over group average), most children scored high in three to five subareas, but the combination of scores for these subareas varied from child to child. It is concluded that DSSJ is a valuable tool especially for the language acquisition research. The overall DSSJ score reliably reflects the overall morpho-syntactic development of Japanese children, and the subarea scores provide specific information on individual acquisition patterns. PMID:25414535

Miyata, Susanne; MacWhinney, Brian; Otomo, Kiyoshi; Sirai, Hidetosi; Oshima-Takane, Yuriko; Hirakawa, Makiko; Shirai, Yasuhiro; Sugiura, Masatoshi; Itoh, Keiko

2014-01-01

285

Optic pathway degeneration in Japanese black cattle.  

PubMed

Degeneration of the optic pathway has been reported in various animal species including cattle. We experienced a case of bilateral optic tract degeneration characterized by severe gliosis in a Japanese black cattle without any obvious visual defects. To evaluate the significance, pathological nature and pathogenesis of the lesions, we examined the optic pathway in 60 cattle (41 Japanese black, 13 Holstein and 6 crossbreed) with or without ocular abnormalities. None of these animals had optic canal stenosis. Degenerative changes with severe gliosis in the optic pathway, which includes the optic nerve, optic chiasm and optic tract, were only observed in 8 Japanese black cattle with or without ocular abnormalities. Furthermore, strong immunoreactivity of glial fibrillary acidic protein was observed in the retinal stratum opticum and ganglion cell layer in all 5 cattle in which the optic pathway lesions could be examined. As etiological research, we also examined whether the concentrations of vitamin A and vitamin B12 or bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) infection was associated with optic pathway degeneration. However, our results suggested that the observed optic pathway degeneration was probably not caused by these factors. These facts indicate the presence of optic pathway degeneration characterized by severe gliosis that has never been reported in cattle without bilateral compressive lesions in the optic pathway or bilateral severe retinal atrophy. PMID:25421501

Chiba, Shiori; Funato, Shingo; Horiuchi, Noriyuki; Matsumoto, Kotaro; Inokuma, Hisashi; Furuoka, Hidefumi; Kobayashi, Yoshiyasu

2014-11-25

286

Mars Spark Source Prototype Developed  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Mars Spark Source Prototype (MSSP) hardware was developed as part of a proof of concept system for the detection of trace metals such as lead, cadmium, and arsenic in Martian dusts and soils. A spark discharge produces plasma from a soil sample, and detectors measure the optical emission from metals in the plasma to identify and quantify them. Trace metal measurements are vital in assessing whether or not the Martian environment will be toxic to human explorers. The current method of x-ray fluorescence can yield concentrations of major species only. Other instruments are incompatible with the volume, weight, and power constraints for a Mars mission. The new instrument will be developed primarily for use in the Martian environment, but it would be adaptable for terrestrial use in environmental monitoring. The NASA Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field initiated the development of the MSSP as part of Glenn's Director's Discretionary Fund project for the Spark Analysis Detection of Trace Metal Species in Martian Dusts and Soils. The objective of this project is to develop and demonstrate a compact, sensitive optical instrument for the detection of trace hazardous metals in Martian dusts and soils.

Eichenberg, Dennis J.; Lindamood, Glenn R.; VanderWal, Randall L.; Weiland, Karen J.

2000-01-01

287

6000 x 2000 display prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While electronic technology has evolved enormously, there are no displays which are both very large and of high resolution. This paper describes our 6 K X 2 K, 60 inch by 20 inch, display prototype which consists of three 2 K X 2 K CRT displays connected seamlessly. Using a custom frame and a half-silvered mirror, the three images are joined by reflecting the center display image from above and transmitting the two side display images directly. Two problems must be solved to achieve a truly seamless effect. First, viewers can still see seams between regular screen images even if the displays are strictly aligned. Second, each physical display has a different geometrical space, and the center display image must be drawn in reverse because it will be reflected by the mirror. We developed a seamless window system to solve these problems. The window system displays overlapping images with translucent borders to enable better blending of the three display screens. Custom application software treats the system as a single 6 K X 2 K area. A concept named ''virtual framebuffer architecture'' enables us to implement the two kinds of seamlessness easily. To evaluate the visual effects, we developed some application systems which include video in a window, stereo sound and a high speed channel to the Connection Machine II for image processing.

Masuishi, Tetsuya; Small, David; MacNeil, Ronald L.

1992-07-01

288

7 CFR 301.48-6 - Movement of live Japanese beetles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Movement of live Japanese beetles. 301.48-6 Section 301.48-6...DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Japanese Beetle Quarantine and Regulations § 301.48-6 Movement of live Japanese beetles. Regulations requiring a...

2014-01-01

289

7 CFR 301.48-6 - Movement of live Japanese beetles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Movement of live Japanese beetles. 301.48-6 Section 301.48-6...DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Japanese Beetle Quarantine and Regulations § 301.48-6 Movement of live Japanese beetles. Regulations requiring a...

2013-01-01

290

7 CFR 301.48-6 - Movement of live Japanese beetles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Movement of live Japanese beetles. 301.48-6 Section 301.48-6...DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Japanese Beetle Quarantine and Regulations § 301.48-6 Movement of live Japanese beetles. Regulations requiring a...

2011-01-01

291

7 CFR 301.48-6 - Movement of live Japanese beetles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Movement of live Japanese beetles. 301.48-6 Section 301.48-6...DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Japanese Beetle Quarantine and Regulations § 301.48-6 Movement of live Japanese beetles. Regulations requiring a...

2010-01-01

292

7 CFR 301.48-6 - Movement of live Japanese beetles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Movement of live Japanese beetles. 301.48-6 Section 301.48-6...DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Japanese Beetle Quarantine and Regulations § 301.48-6 Movement of live Japanese beetles. Regulations requiring a...

2012-01-01

293

Building Together  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this Bob the Builder(TM)-themed activity, learners explore what it means to work together as a team. Learners repeat the phrase “Can We Build It?(TM) Yes We Can!” until they can chant it together as a team. Then, learners repeat the chant at each activity station. Learners rotate through the stations where they build with blocks, LEGO® bricks or other small manipulatives, hammer nails and wood, pump with water, and construct a building site by moving sand with toy trucks. This activity is featured on page 9 of the "Bob the Builder(TM) — Project: Build It" unit of study.

The Children's Museum of Indianapolis

2006-01-01

294

Building Houses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Build a house you can fit inside, using cardboard tubes. Variations of this activity include building for a toy (easier) or building a house the right size for a stuffed animal or a garage for a toy car. Also included is an option to build houses inspired by those around the world (harder). This activity focuses on the understanding of sizes and shapes: Can I fit in this if I stand up? if I sit? Do we have enough cardboard tubes to make a triangular roof? This activity is available as a webpage and a downloadable pdf. Students should have the ability to use scissors and tape well.

2010-01-01

295

Development of a neutronics calculation method for designing commercial type Japanese sodium-cooled fast reactor  

SciTech Connect

Under the R and D project to improve the modeling accuracy for the design of fast breeder reactors the authors are developing a neutronics calculation method for designing a large commercial type sodium- cooled fast reactor. The calculation method is established by taking into account the special features of the reactor such as the use of annular fuel pellet, inner duct tube in large fuel assemblies, large core. The Verification and Validation, and Uncertainty Qualification (V and V and UQ) of the calculation method is being performed by using measured data from the prototype FBR Monju. The results of this project will be used in the design and analysis of the commercial type demonstration FBR, known as the Japanese Sodium fast Reactor (JSFR). (authors)

Takeda, T.; Shimazu, Y.; Hibi, K.; Fujimura, K. [Research Inst. of Nuclear Engineering, Univ. of Fukui, 1cho-me 2gaiku 4, Kanawa-cho, Tsuruga-shi, Fukui 914-0055 (Japan)

2012-07-01

296

Experience with fibre channel in the environment of the ATLAS DAQ prototype ``-1'' project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fibre Channel equipment has been evaluated in the environment of the ATLAS DAQ prototype "-1". Fibre Channel PCI and PMC cards have been tested on PowerPC-based VME processor boards running LynxOS and on Pentium-based personal computers running Windows NT. The performance in terms of overhead and bandwidth has been measured in point-to-point, arbitrated loop and fabric configuration with a Fibre Channel switch. The possible use of the equipment for event building in the ATLAS DAQ prototype "-1" has been studied.

Ambrosini, G.; Beck, H. P.; Francis, D.; Joos, M.; Lehmann, G.; Mailov, A.; Mapelli, L.; Mornacchi, G.; Niculescu, M.; Nurdan, K.; Petersen, J.; Prigent, D.; Rochez, J.; Romano, M.; Spiwoks, R.; Tremblet, L.; Unel, G.; van der Bij, E.; Wildish, T.

2000-01-01

297

Building Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From residential houses to hundred-story skyscrapers, many different technologies come together to make a building safe and comfortable. Building design is a continually changing industry, and new advances are being made possible as research progresses.Sustainable development is gaining popularity worldwide in an effort to minimize environmental impact. The Center for Resourceful Building Technology (1) maintains an online guide that describes building practices that are resource-efficient; some information on the center's research projects is also available. Similar in topic is this report from the National Association of Home Builders Research Center (2). The 70-page document is the final report of an April 2003 conference on green building; it gives day-by-day summaries of presentations and activities in which the conference participants were involved. Office buildings have a number of design issues that need to be considered to make a productive work environment. One such issue is the acoustics in a cubicle workspace. The Canadian Institute for Research in Construction (3) discusses some design factors that can improve privacy even in the very open atmosphere of closely spaced cubicles. In the wake of the 2001 anthrax scare, a research project at Pennsylvania State University has garnered significant attention. This paper (4) introduces immune buildings, which have advanced ventilation and air filtration systems that can mitigate the danger caused by airborne pathogens. Experimental results from the project are also presented. The US Department of Energy High Performance Building Initiative (5) is investigating new technologies to make commercial buildings more comfortable and cost effective. Several interesting technical papers and introductory reports are given on the initiative's homepage, including a technology road map for high performance buildings. This essay from the June 2003 issue of Constructech Magazine (6) highlights a movement toward integrated control systems for all types of buildings. The author notes that having a unified system that automatically manages security, lighting, energy, and several other building operations can save time and money in the long run. Another article, written by a member of the Partnership for Advanced Technology in Housing (7), discusses building materials and practices that can improve residential installation's resistance to major storms and natural disasters. An example of an area that is using these weather resistant designs is in Florida; the article cites the vulnerability of coastal homes to hurricanes and outlines some efforts to build them in a more structurally sound manner. Lastly, the Commercial Modular Construction Magazine (8) is a quarterly publication that centers on permanent and temporary modular building design. The second issue of 2003 has, among other things, a good article that describes the basics and benefits of modular construction.

Leske, Cavin.

298

Bridget Jones's Femininity Constructed by Language: A comparison between the Japanese translation of Bridget Jones's Diary, and the Japanese subtitles of the film  

Microsoft Academic Search

The language found in Japanese translation and original fiction is very different from that used by Japanese women in their real lives. Present-day Japanese women do not use literary language or so-called authentic women's language; however, they read it as female characters' speech, particularly those in non-Japanese novels and stories. This tendency has become a kind of convention in Japanese

Hiroko Furukawa

299

Building Green  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There's a great deal of talk about "building green" in the architecture and design world, but to many, this phrase may not mean a great deal. This website, created by the Building Green company, can help the uninitiated learn more about this subject. First-time visitors should click on the "Green Building Information" area. Here they can get answers to such question as "What is green?" and also learn more about green design strategies and the LEED rating system. Right next to this section is the "Case Studies" area, which features green building projects like elementary schools, commercial facilities, and university buildings. The site is rounded out by a "News" area and a detailed bibliography of websites, print resources, and so on.

300

Testing reflective insulation for improvement of buildings energy efficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reflective insulation stands as an alternative to common building materials used to reduce a building’s heating and cooling\\u000a loads. In this work, an experimental prototype chamber facility has been designed and constructed at the campus of the Technological\\u000a Educational Institution of Halkida, located in an area of climatic zone B in Greece, aiming to the evaluation of reflective\\u000a insulation’s performance.

Michalis Gr. Vrachopoulos; Maria K. Koukou; Dimitris G. Stavlas; Vasilis N. Stamatopoulos; Achilleas F. Gonidis; Eleftherios D. Kravvaritis

301

Mitochondrial DNA variation in the Japanese marten Martes melampus and Japanese sable, Martes zibellina.  

PubMed

Genetic relationship among Japanese sables, Martes zibellina and the introduced Japanese martens, Martes melampus in northern Japan was revealed by analyzing a 521-524bp DNA sequence from the cytochrome b (112bp)/transfer RNA-threonine (67bp)/tRNA-proline (65bp) and control region (277-280bp) of the mitochondrial genome. Intraspecific differences in sequences of M. zibellina and M. melampus (3.8-15.0% and 1.9-16.4%, respectively) were similar to interspecific differences between these two species (5.8-16.6%). Comparison of sequence data exhibited five haplotypes of M. melampus and four haplotypes of M. zibellina, which clustered into two groups (clusters-A and-B). Cluster-A included two haplotypes of M. melampus and two haplotypes of M. zibellina, whereas cluster-B included three haplotypes of M. melampus and two haplotypes of M. zibellina. Results of this study lead three possible explanations. Firstly, past hybridization between M. zibellina and M. melampus might have occurred. Secondary, these two species might have similar heteroplasmy of mtDNA. Thirdly, these haplotypes might have come from nuclear genome. Although further intensive studies are needed to make a conclusion, detection of hybridization with the Japanese marten are occurred or not is quite important to conserve the Japanese sable. PMID:15070038

Murakami, Takahiro; Asano, Makoto; Ohtaishi, Noriyuki

2004-02-01

302

Pluralistic Evolution of the Japanese-Style Enterprise System: Toward the Hybrid Model (Japanese)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this report is to overview the characteristics of the evolution and current status of corporate governance of Japanese companies from the 1990s to recent years, by focusing on two keywords: diversification and hybridization. We also seek to identify the policy implications with respect to the direction of future reform. First, we will present our view on the

MIYAJIMA Hideaki

2009-01-01

303

MODELING OF HEAT TRANSFER IN ROOMS IN THE MODELICA "BUILDINGS" LIBRARY  

E-print Network

prototyping of new building systems, · analysis of the operation of existing buildings, · development and performance assessment of building control algorithms, and · reuse of models during operation for energy of algebraic equations, ordinary dierential equations and finite state machines that define the physics

304

Norcal Prototype LNG Truck Fleet: Final Results  

SciTech Connect

U.S. DOE and National Renewable Energy Laboratory evaluated Norcal Waste Systems liquefied natural gas (LNG) waste transfer trucks. Trucks had prototype Cummins Westport ISXG engines. Report gives final evaluation results.

Not Available

2004-07-01

305

Rapid Production of Composite Prototype Hardware  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of this research was to provide a mechanism to cost-effectively produce composite hardware prototypes. The task was to take a hands-on approach to developing new technologies that could benefit multiple future programs.

DeLay, T. K.

2000-01-01

306

VO for Education: Archive Prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The number of remote control telescopes dedicated to education is increasing in many countries, leading to correspondingly larger and larger amount of stored educational data that are usually available only to local observers. Here we present the project for a new infrastructure that will allow teachers using educational telescopes to archive their data and easily publish them within the Virtual Observatory (VO) avoiding the complexity of professional tools. Students and teachers anywhere will be able to access these data with obvious benefits for the realization of grander scale collaborative projects. Educational VO data will also be an important resource for teachers not having direct access to any educational telescopes. We will use the educational telescope at our observatory in Trieste as a prototype for the future VO educational data archive resource. The publishing infrastructure will include: user authentication, content and curation validation, data validation and ingestion, VO compliant resource generation. All of these parts will be performed by means of server side applications accessible through a web graphical user interface (web GUI). Apart from user registration, that will be validated by a natural person responsible for the archive (after having verified the reliability of the user and inspected one or more test files), all the subsequent steps will be automated. This means that at the very first data submission through the webGUI, a complete resource including archive and published VO service will be generated, ready to be registered to the VO. The efforts required to the registered user will consist only in describing herself/himself at registration step and submitting the data she/he selects for publishing after each observation sessions. The infrastructure will be file format independent and the underlying data model will use a minimal set of standard VO keywords, some of which will be specific for outreach and education, possibly including VO field identification (astronomy, planetary science, solar physics). The VO published resource description will be suggested such as to allow selective access to educational data by VO aware tools, differentiating them from professional data while treating them with the same procedures, protocols and tools. The whole system will be very flexible, scalable and with the objective to leave as less work as possible to humans.

Ramella, M.; Iafrate, G.; De Marco, M.; Molinaro, M.; Knapic, C.; Smareglia, R.; Cepparo, F.

2014-05-01

307

Roles of Extension Officers to Promote Social Capital in Japanese Agricultural Communities  

PubMed Central

Social capital has been found to be correlated with community welfare, but it is not easy to build and maintain it. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the role of professional coordinators of social relationships to create and maintain social capital in a community. We focused on extension officers in Japanese agricultural communities, who help farmers in both technical and social matters. A large nation-wide survey of extension officers as well as two supplementary surveys were conducted. We found that (1) social capital-related activities (e.g., assistance for building organizations among farmers) were particularly effective for solving problems; (2) social capital (trust relationships) among community residents increased their life quality; (3) social capital in local communities was correlated with extension officers' own communication skills and harmonious relationships among their colleagues. In sum, social capital in local communities is maintained by coordinators with professional social skills. PMID:24642575

Takemura, Kosuke; Uchida, Yukiko; Yoshikawa, Sakiko

2014-01-01

308

Prototype-Driven Learning for Sequence Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate prototype-driven learning for pri- marily unsupervised sequence modeling. Prior knowledge is specified declaratively, by provid- ing a few canonical examples of each target an- notation label. This sparse prototype information is then propagated across a corpus using distri- butional similarity features in a log-linear gener- ative model. On part-of-speech induction in En- glish and Chinese, as well as

Aria Haghighi; Dan Klein

2006-01-01

309

Strategic Options for Japanese Automakers Operating in NAFTA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japanese automakers are in the position of having a strong manufacturing and sales presence worldwide, yet find themselves struggling at home due to the prolonged downturn in local economic conditions. The strength of the North American automobile market is thus of great interest to these manufacturers. This paper will describe how the Japanese automaker's ongoing efforts in the NAFTA member

D. Sanford; R. S. Olson

310

Positioning Foreign English Language Teachers in the Japanese University Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study employs positioning theory to explore the experiences of adjunct foreign English language teachers (AFELT) in the Japanese university sector. The research is located in the broad internationalisation discourse and considers AFELT positions as "foreign" teachers at a time when the Japanese university sector is aiming to…

Whitsed, Craig; Volet, Simone

2013-01-01

311

Tanko Bushi: Designing a Japanese-American Dance Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many folk dances reflect the everyday activities of the people, celebrating the commonplace through physical forms of expression. The traditional Japanese folk dance, Tanko Bushi, is still performed in Japan and among Japanese-Americans today, and its theme of coal mining makes it relatable to many cultures around the world. With its traditional…

Sweeting, Terry; Werner, Peter; Williams, Lori H.; Crump, Alyssa

2012-01-01

312

The Japanese Quality Control Circle: Why It Works.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The competitiveness of Japanese industry is in part because of their quality circles. Despite the West's interest in most Japanese business practices, quality circles have been difficult to transplant. This may be a result of misconceptions about their nature and the erroneous idea that workers' motivation is sociocultural, whereas in fact it is…

Watanabe, Susumu

1991-01-01

313

Effects of Social Environment on Japanese and American Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The social backgrounds of Japanese and Americans differ in ways that impede complete communication. The Japanese people, historically controlled by the forces of nature, have formed groups as the minimum functioning social units. The individual is only part of the group, and individual rights and obligations have not been clearly developed.…

Kitao, Kenji; Kitao, S. Kathleen

314

The Japanese Flap in EFL: Variability and Accent.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the substitution of the Japanese flap for English liquids /r/ and /l/ by 11 Japanese students in their first and fourth years of college. Phonological patterns were examined at the two different stages, in reading vs. spontaneous oral language tasks, and for word-initial singleton vs. word-initial cluster environments. The…

Riney, Timothy J.; Takada, Mari

1998-01-01

315

Report: The Japanese Bilingual Program at Huntingdale Primary School, Melbourne  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over a period of twenty years, Japanese language teaching has firmly established itself within primary school programs in most Australian States and Territories. Today the question is how to develop Japanese language education further in innovative ways suitable for learners' needs in the 21st century. In this report, the author examines the…

Farmer, Kylie

2006-01-01

316

Japanese International Female Students' Experience of Discrimination, Prejudice, and Stereotypes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examined four Japanese international female college students' experience of discrimination, prejudice, and stereotypes in a predominately white university. Four themes emerged from the analysis of data: (1) overt forms of prejudice and discrimination; (2) stereotypes common to Asians; (3) stereotypes unique to the Japanese;…

Bonazzo, Claude; Wong, Y. Joel

2007-01-01

317

Innovation and Change in Japanese Human Resource Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japanese enterprises are undergoing change as they confront the new competitive pressures created by globalization and the economic restructuring of the 1990s. This paper examines the nature and extent of the changes to human resource management in four Japanese multinational firms. The research found that all companies are undergoing change, although only one could be considered to be in a

Natasha Dalton; John Benson

2002-01-01

318

Verb-raising and Numeral Classifiers in Japanese: Incompatible Bedfellows.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines verb raising in Japanese and looks at Koizumi's (2000) evidence for verb-raising based on data involving, among other things, numeral classifiers. Demonstrates that Koizumi's evidence based on numeral classifiers does not support his claim that verb-raising occurs in Japanese. (Author/VWL)

Fukushima, Kazuhiko

2003-01-01

319

Contrastive Pragmatics of English and Japanese Offers and Requests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes a study by Fukushima (1990) of the English offers and responses of Japanese English as a foreign language (EFL) college students and reports on an experiment designed to address the perceived weaknesses of Fukushima's work. Fukushima's study found that many Japanese EFL learners could not use appropriate levels of politeness in…

Christianson, Kiel

320

Japanese and U.S. Education Compared. Fastback 338.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a comparative analysis of education in Japan and the United States. The report explores differences between U.S. and Japanese culture. While the United States may be characterized by its diversity, Japanese culture is distinctive in the extent of its uniformity. Japan, moreover, has a highly centralized educational system;…

Beauchamp, Edward R.

321

Japanese beetle management 2011 ICM Conference, Ames Iowa  

E-print Network

Green ash Silver maple White ash Spruce #12;Japanese beetle management 2011 ICM Conference, Ames Iowa JB ¾ inch long, oval shape Metallic green head Bronze forewings White tufts along side Popillia japonica management 2011 ICM Conference, Ames Iowa TMI...we call it a raster May/June Green June Japanese Masked

Jurenka, Russell A.

322

Chinese/Japanese Input Feasibility Study. Final Technical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine the feasibility of developing an automatic Chinese/Japanese input device for a machine translation complex. A specific scanning technique to digitize Chinese/Japanese ideographs is recommended as a result of the study. Results of the study include specification of the resolution necessary to successfully digitize…

Desautels, John E.; And Others

323

Review: The speech corpus and database of Japanese dialects  

Microsoft Academic Search

is a recording of readings of words, phrases, sentences, and texts in Japanese dialects. The focus of the speech material is on prosody, in particular, on accentual variations, and to a lesser extent on intonation. In addition to the dialectal materials, SCDJD contains speech of the minority language Ainu, Japanese traditional singings, school children's speech, and speech by the foreign

Yasuko Nagano-madsen

324

Distribution in Chinese Affiliates of Japanese Automobile Firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper tries to shed light on the answer to a very simple question: how do Japanese automobile and automobile parts makers supply their products and purchase parts\\/materials for the Chinese Market? Given Japan's strong comparative advantage in many related product categories and China's strong comparative disadvantage in the same categories, one would generally expect Japanese exports to provide a

Chikashi Kishimoto; Eric D. Ramstetter

325

Department of Entomology JAPANESE BEETLES IN THE URBAN LANDSCAPE  

E-print Network

Department of Entomology E-75-W JAPANESE BEETLES IN THE URBAN LANDSCAPE Timothy J. Gibb and Clifford S. Sadof, Extension Entomologists Landscape & Ornamentals Japanese Beetle: Popillia japonica Newman Annual white grub Metallic Green Bronze White tufts of hair (actual size 1/2") Infestations

Ginzel, Matthew

326

Center on Japanese Economy and Business Economy and  

E-print Network

Center on Japanese Economy and Business Center on Japanese Economy and Business AnnuAl report 2012 25 Events 26 Conferences 26 Inequality, Fragmentation, and Integration in the World Economy 26 an International Fashion Brand: From Japan by Way of China 39 Japan's Powers That Be: Ideals, Reality, and Rhetoric

Venkataraman, Latha

327

Korean and Japanese Women: An Analytic Bibliographical Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a selective bibliography and index of materials on Korean and Japanese women, their history, social and cultural patterns, sex roles, family and kinship patterns, and other characteristics. Designed to assist researchers in the systematic selection of information for descriptive or comparative research on Korean and Japanese women,…

Koh, Hesung Chun, Ed.

328

Self-censorship: the case of wartime Japanese poetry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the nature of self-censorship practiced by Japanese poets during World War II by an examination of selected poets and poems. The question of self-censorship is especially important for Japanese poets since after the war many of them concealed their wartime verse by censoring controversial lines (in some cases whole poems) from later editions of their poetry. A

Leith Morton

2007-01-01

329

Implementing Japanese Lesson Study in a Higher Education Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to describe a reform model of instructional collaboration, Japanese lesson study, which has been shown in previous research to enhance reform-based teaching. Japanese lesson study is a method of professional development in which teachers collaborate with peers and other specialists to improve teaching and learning.…

Demir, Kadir; Czerniak, Charlene M.; Hart, Lynn C.

2013-01-01

330

Video Game Play in British and Japanese Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results from research into negative correlates of computer/video game play in the United Kingdom and in Japan are presented, with new analyses across cultures. Patterns of play are similar, although Japanese adolescents have been playing for longer, they play fewer aggressive games, and there is greater perceived concern by Japanese parents.…

Colwell, John; Kato, Makiko

2005-01-01

331

English/Japanese Professional Interpretation: Its Linguistic and Conceptual Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of simultaneous interpretation from Japanese to English focused on problems inherent in simultaneous language processing. Data were drawn from a discussion session at an international conference of physicians concerning nuclear war. Transcription of the Japanese source text (romanized), English product, and a gloss of lexical equivalents…

Ishikawa, Luli

1995-01-01

332

Children of the "Danchi": A Japanese Primary School for Newcomers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Practices and policies of Japanese schooling for immigrant and marginalised students are examined through the lens of a primary school which serves one of the largest foreign student populations in Japan. Student families include Southeast Asian refugees, South American immigrants of Japanese descent, recent and longstanding Chinese and Koreans,…

Gordon, June A.

2009-01-01

333

Japanese mimetic palatalisation revisited: implications for conflicting directionality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report reexamines 'conflicting directionality' in Japanese mimetic words, a distributional pattern in which palatalization is preferentially realized on the rightmost of two coronal consonants, but on the leftmost consonant in a word without coronals. Analysis of the original dictionary evidence given in support of this generalization and an exhaustive search of the Japanese mimetic stratum reveals both several counterexamples

John Alderete; Alexei Kochetov

2009-01-01

334

Japanese Lesson Study: Teacher Professional Development through Communities of Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Japanese Lesson Study has come under increasing attention from educators in the West and throughout South-East Asia since it was revealed outside Japan through the release of the TIMSS Video Study. In this paper we argue that Japanese Lesson Study provides a model for large scale, sustainable professional development. In particular, we draw on our…

Doig, Brian; Groves, Susie

2011-01-01

335

The Present Relationship between Japanese Workers' Health Status and Lifestyle  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Present Relationship between Japanese Workers' Health Status and Lifestyle: Ichiro SAKURADA, et al. Department of Hygiene, Chiba University School of Medicine—To clarify the factors of lifestyle which are really relevant to present Japanese industrial workers' health, the relationship between physical or mental health status and lifestyle among workers of three different companies in Japan (2265 male) was investigated. The

Ichiro SAKURADA; Yasushi OKUBO; Yasushi SUWAZONO; Etsuko KOBAYASHI; Koji NOGAWA; Teruhiko KIDO; Natsuo KINOUCHI

1999-01-01

336

MFR PAPER 1181 U.S. Observers Board Japanese Trawl  

E-print Network

east of long. 175°W. Japanese fishers must, there- fore, return to the sea halibut taken incidentally Sea predates World War II (Chitwood, 1969). During the 1930's Japan con- ducted a relatively minorMFR PAPER 1181 U.S. Observers Board Japanese Trawl Vessels in Bering Sea MARK MILLER, LARRY NELSON

337

The benefits of Japanese dance from a psychosomatic medical perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nihonbuyo, a traditional Japanese dance, is one of many performing arts. It has been developed according to two prescriptions and is a combination of Mai and Odori. Traditional Japanese dance is more than just a hobby and a way of staying healthy. The dance is one way of inspiring oriental wisdom, which activates the spirit and, according to the literature,

Keiko Saito

2006-01-01

338

Prototypical Concepts and Misconceptions of Plate Tectonic Boundaries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Students of geology encounter many prototypical/exemplar concepts* that include representative, but not necessarily defining, features and characteristics. This study of students' prototypical representations of plate tectonic boundaries indicates that their representations are rich sources of information about their misconceptions about plate tectonics. After lectures in plate tectonics and mountain building, 353 students in a general education geology class were asked to draw a continent-continent convergent boundary. For this study, a correct answer is defined as having the major features in correct proportions as depicted in the plate boundary diagrams on the USGS web. Fifty-two percent of the drawings were either incorrect or incomplete such that they could not be interpreted. Only 48% were readily interpretable, and of these 22% drew the boundary correctly, showing a thickening of crust where two continents collide. Thirty-three percent drew the boundary showing concave slabs of continental crust as one might imagine two pieces of firm rubber pushed together on a rigid surface and 45% depicted mountains as one might imagine inverted ice cream cones on a rigid plank. Twenty-one senior class geology majors and graduate students were given the same assignment. Forty-eight percent rendered a correct drawing, whereas 38% drew the same ice cream cone on a plank type picture that 45% of the general education students drew. In a second class of 12 geology majors, only 1 student drew a cross section of a continent-ocean boundary similar to standard representation. Four of 12 drew mountains on the top of continental crust over a subduction zone but did not draw a compensating mass within the crust or lithosphere. Prototypical drawings provide more information about students' concepts than do most multiple-choice questions. For example, sixty-two percent of theses students who drew mountains similar to foam rubber pads pushed together on a desk or ice cream cones on a plank correctly answered a multiple-choice question that would appear to indicate a better understanding than the drawings reveal. Furthermore, 12 interviewed students made statements that could be interpreted to indicate that they understood the concept of mountain building at plate tectonic boundaries better than their drawings suggest. Incoherence of multiple-choice responses, verbal statements and drawings may be common in novice learners. If cognitive scientists are correct in their model of multiple types of mental representations for the same term, then the fact that novices may hold inconsistent representations is not surprising. The fact that students at various academic levels draw very similar prototypes that are incorrect is evidence that students have distinct and persistent prototype misconceptions. * Cognitive scientists define a prototypical/exemplar concept as a mental representation of the best examples or central tendencies of a term.

Sibley, D. F.; Patino, L. C.

2003-12-01

339

Japanese photovoltaic power generation for space application  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes Japanese activities on mainly silicon solar cell research development and applications. The high efficiency thin silicon solar cells and the same kinds of solar cells with integrated bypass function (IBF cells) were developed and qualified for space applications. The most efficient cells (NRS/LBSF cells) showed average 18% at AMO and 28 C conditions. After electron irradiation, NRS/BSF cells showed higher efficiency than NRS/LBSF cells. The IBF cells do not suffer high reverse voltage and can survive from shadowing. The designs and characteristics of these solar cells are presented. In the last section, our future plan for the solar cell calibration is presented.

Saga, T.; Kiyota, Y.; Matsutani, T.; Suzuki, A.; Kawasaki, O.; Hisamatsu, T.; Matsuda, S.

1996-01-01

340

Flavonoids from the Japanese monotypic genus, Nipponanthemum.  

PubMed

Foliar flavonoids of Nipponanthemum, which is a monotypic genus and consists of only one Japanese endemic species, N. nipponicum, were isolated for the first time. Fifteen flavonoids, i.e. six glycosides, quercetin 3,7-di-O-glucoside, vicenin-2, quercetin 3-O-glucoside, luteolin 7-O-glucoside, kaempferol 3-O-glucoside and apigenin 7-O-glucoside, and nine aglycones, luteolin, nepetin, quercetin 3-methyl ether, axillarin, apigenin, hispidulin, chrysoeriol, jaceosidin and sudachitin were identified. Of these compounds, the flavonoid aglycones existed on the leaf surface. PMID:22978216

Uehara, Ayumi; Iwashina, Tsukasa

2012-08-01

341

Moyamoya in Hispanics: not Only in Japanese  

PubMed Central

Moyamoya disease was first described in 1957 as hypoplasia of the bilateral internal carotid arteries, the characteristic appearance of the associated network of abnormally dilated collateral vessels on angiography was later likened to something hazy, like a puff of cigarette smoke, which, in Japanese, is moyamoya. This paper describes two cases of moyamoya presentations, including moyamoya disease and moyamoya syndrome. Moyamoya may rarely occur in North American Hispanic patients. The presentation can vary significantly and ranges bwtween fulminant outcome and prolonged survival. Awareness about moyamoya and its different presentations may be beneficial for the patients and can improve the outcome. PMID:24987505

Said, Sarmad; Cooper, Chad J.; Alkhateeb, Haider; Galvis, Juan M.; Hernandez, German T.; Salameh, Hasan J.

2014-01-01

342

Erythema dyschromicum perstans in a Japanese child.  

PubMed

Erythema dyschromicum perstans (EDP) is asymptomatic slate-gray to blue-brown macules. Idiopathic eruptive macular pigmentation is asymptomatic brown nonconfluent macules. We describe electron microscopic studies of a 9-year-old Japanese girl with EDP. The ultrastructural figures indicated that the production of immature, small, irregular-shaped melanosomes in melanocytes and peripheral localization of melanosomes in keratinocytes caused the clinical appearance of EDP. The ultrastructural evidence distinguishes EDP from idiopathic eruptive macular pigmentation and suggests a distinct pathogenesis of the disease. PMID:22066655

Oiso, Naoki; Tsuruta, Daisuke; Imanishi, Hisayoshi; Kobayashi, Hiromi; Kawada, Akira

2012-01-01

343

The contemporary JAEA Japanese voxel phantoms.  

PubMed

Average adult Japanese male (JM-103 phantom) and female (JF-103 phantom) voxel (volume pixel) phantoms were newly constructed by modifying the JM and JF phantoms previously developed at Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The JM-103 and JF-103 have average characteristics with respect to organ masses and body sizes. Their tissue segmentations were based on International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) Publication 103. The anatomical and dosimetric characteristics of JM-103 and JF-103 were compared with those of ICRP adult reference male (AM phantom) and female (AF phantoms) phantoms. This study discusses their anatomical and dosimetric characteristics, and applications to the dose assessment of the atomic bomb survivors. PMID:22003186

Sato, Kaoru; Takahashi, Fumiaki

2012-03-01

344

Japanese Venus Climate Orbiter in 2010  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Venus Climate Orbiter (VCO"FProject Code Planet-C) is the first Japanese Venus orbiter to be launched in 2010. It aims at studying the atmospheric dynamics of Venus. In this talk we will report its engineering aspect to meet its science purposes, and also present the present status of the VCO development. We have finished the Proto-Model integration test of major components of VCO in December 2007. In March 2008, we finished the CDR for the phase-up (to Phase D). The flight model development will be finalized by 2009 and the final integration test will be done during whole 2009.

Nakamura, M.; Ishii, N.; Satoh, T.; Abe, T.; Imamura, T.; Suzuki, M.; Ueno, M.

2008-12-01

345

Prototype performance studies of a Full Mesh ATCA-based General Purpose Data Processing Board  

E-print Network

High luminosity conditions at the LHC pose many unique challenges for potential silicon based track trigger systems. One of the major challenges is data formatting, where hits from thousands of silicon modules must first be shared and organized into overlapping eta-phi trigger towers. Communication between nodes requires high bandwidth, low latency, and flexible real time data sharing, for which a full mesh backplane is a natural solution. A custom Advanced Telecommunications Computing Architecture data processing board is designed with the goal of creating a scalable architecture abundant in flexible, non-blocking, high bandwidth board to board communication channels while keeping the design as simple as possible. We have performed the first prototype board testing and our first attempt at designing the prototype system has proven to be successful. Leveraging the experience we gained through designing, building and testing the prototype board system we are in the final stages of laying out the next generatio...

Okumura, Yasuyuki; Liu, Tiehui Ted; Yin, Hang

2014-01-01

346

Building Big  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Building Big is a very informative site about the engineering principles required to build large structures, including bridges, domes, skyscrapers, dams, and tunnels. The interactive labs presented on the site discuss the various factors (e.g. forces, materials, loads, shapes) that need to be considered when designing large buildings. Fun challenges test these concepts for each of the five structures by putting students in charge of various construction projects. The student needs to weigh the pros and cons of particular designs and choose which is best for a given scenario. There are also many interviews with different structural engineers that will help students understand what working in this field is like.

2000-01-01

347

MPACT Fast Neutron Multiplicity System Prototype Development  

SciTech Connect

This document serves as both an FY2103 End-of-Year and End-of-Project report on efforts that resulted in the design of a prototype fast neutron multiplicity counter leveraged upon the findings of previous project efforts. The prototype design includes 32 liquid scintillator detectors with cubic volumes 7.62 cm in dimension configured into 4 stacked rings of 8 detectors. Detector signal collection for the system is handled with a pair of Struck Innovative Systeme 16-channel digitizers controlled by in-house developed software with built-in multiplicity analysis algorithms. Initial testing and familiarization of the currently obtained prototype components is underway, however full prototype construction is required for further optimization. Monte Carlo models of the prototype system were performed to estimate die-away and efficiency values. Analysis of these models resulted in the development of a software package capable of determining the effects of nearest-neighbor rejection methods for elimination of detector cross talk. A parameter study was performed using previously developed analytical methods for the estimation of assay mass variance for use as a figure-of-merit for system performance. A software package was developed to automate these calculations and ensure accuracy. The results of the parameter study show that the prototype fast neutron multiplicity counter design is very nearly optimized under the restraints of the parameter space.

D.L. Chichester; S.A. Pozzi; J.L. Dolan; M.T. Kinlaw; S.J. Thompson; A.C. Kaplan; M. Flaska; A. Enqvist; J.T. Johnson; S.M. Watson

2013-09-01

348

Compact form fitting small antennas using three-dimensional rapid prototyping  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Three-dimensional (3D) rapid prototyping holds significant promise for future antenna designs. Many complex designs that would be unmanufacturable or costly are realizable on a 3D printing machine. The ability to create 3D designs of virtually any configuration makes it possible to build compact antennas that can form fit to any space. These antennas build on the concept that small antennas can best reach the ideal operating limit when utilizing the entire 3D space in a sphere surrounding the antenna. Antennas require a combination of dielectric and conductive materials. 3D rapid prototyping is already well advanced for plastics and dielectric materials (with more options coming online). Prototyping with conductive materials has lagged behind; due mainly to their higher melting points, but this is advancing as well. This dissertation focuses on 3D rapid prototyping for antenna design. A 3D antenna made from small cubical cells is optimized for 2.4--3GHz using a genetic algorithm (GA). The antennas are built using 3D printing of plastic covered by conductive paint. The effects of the conductivity of the paint and number of layers on the resonance and gain of the antenna are evaluated. These results demonstrate the feasibility of using 3D rapid prototyping for antenna design. A 3D dipole is also optimized using a GA to function from 510--910MHz. The antenna was built using 3D rapid prototyping from plastic. The 3D antenna was covered with a conductive coating and measured, showing good agreement with simulation. The 3D GA is used to design 3D antennas of random shape to fit inside the empty space in a cell phone case and optimized for cell phone bands 800--900MHz and 1.6--3.7GHz. The research also evaluates methods and materials that can be used to produce 3D antennas. In addition to the flexibility that 3D prototyping brings to antenna design, this paper describes how this new and emerging method for building antennas can provide fast and affordable antennas for testing, teaching, and fast turn-around prototyping.

Willis, Bryan Jon

349

Lab-scale prototype for on-line monitoring and energy diagnosis in Thierry Talbert, Benjamin Paris, Julien Eynard, Stphane Grieu and Olivier Fruchier  

E-print Network

-scale prototype for (i) on-line monitoring energy consumption, (ii) on-line computing a global energy indicator documentations Enhancing the energy performance of buildings, for promoting energy savings, is already encouraged energy performance to respect and the conventional energy consumptions for the future building, taking

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

350

Our Buildings, Ourselves.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews in detail environmental impacts associated with buildings. Discusses building construction, internal environments, building life spans, building materials, protection from climate, and amenities. (LZ)

Roodman, David Malin; Lenssen, Nicholas

1994-01-01

351

Better Buildings  

E-print Network

on capital ? Delaware State University secured construction financing via the Delaware Sustainable Energy Utility?s Energy Efficiency Construction Bonds for an energy services performance contract across 26 buildings that will result in 25 percent...

Neukomm, M.

2012-01-01

352

Japanese Learning System for Chinese Native Speakers - Development of Database for Learning Kanji Which Have Difference between Chinese and Japanese  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although native speakers of Chinese have basic knowledge of Kanji (Chinese characters), learning Kanji is hard task to them. The difficulties of Kanji learning for Chinese speakers are different from those for non-Chinese character area learners. They are, for example, influenced by Chinese to their uses of Japanese, plural readings of each Kanji, and Kanji's different form (Ijitai in Japanese).

Sa Lu; Naoko Yamashita; Hiroyuki Tominaga; Toshihiro Hayashi; Toshinori Yamasaki

2005-01-01

353

Development and Test of a Prototype 100MVA Superconducting Generator  

SciTech Connect

In 2002, General Electric and the US Department of Energy (DOE) entered into a cooperative agreement for the development of a commercialized 100 MVA generator using high temperature superconductors (HTS) in the field winding. The intent of the program was to: • Identify and develop technologies that would be needed for such a generator. • Develop conceptual designs for generators with ratings of 100 MVA and higher using HTS technology. • Perform proof of concept tests at the 1.5 MW level for GE’s proprietary warm iron rotor HTS generator concept. • Design, build, and test a prototype of a commercially viable 100 MVA generator that could be placed on the power grid. This report summarizes work performed during the program and is provided as one of the final program deliverables.

Fogarty, James M.; Bray, James W.

2007-05-25

354

A prototype feature system for feature retrieval using relationships  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Using a feature data model, geographic phenomena can be represented effectively by integrating space, theme, and time. This paper extends and implements a feature data model that supports query and visualization of geographic features using their non-spatial and temporal relationships. A prototype feature-oriented geographic information system (FOGIS) is then developed and storage of features named Feature Database is designed. Buildings from the U.S. Marine Corps Base, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina and subways in Chicago, Illinois are used to test the developed system. The results of the applications show the strength of the feature data model and the developed system 'FOGIS' when they utilize non-spatial and temporal relationships in order to retrieve and visualize individual features.

Choi, J.; Usery, E.L.

2009-01-01

355

Immunotoxicity of trenbolone acetate in Japanese quail  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Trenbolone acetate is a synthetic androgen that is currently used as a growth promoter in many meat-exporting countries. Despite industry laboratories classifying trenbolone as nonteratogenic, data showed that embryonic exposure to this androgenic chemical altered development of the immune system in Japanese quail. Trenbolone is lipophilic, persistent, and released into the environment in manure used as soil fertilizer. This is the first study to date to assess this chemical's immunotoxic effects in an avian species. A one-time injection of trenbolone into yolks was administered to mimic maternal deposition, and subsequent effects on the development and function of the immune system were determined in chicks and adults. Development of the bursa of Fabricius, an organ responsible for development of the humoral arm of the immune system, was disrupted, as indicated by lower masse, and smaller and fewer follicles at day 1 of hatch. Morphological differences in the bursas persisted in adults, although no differences in either two measures of immune function were observed. Total numbers of circulating leukocytes were reduced and heterophil-lymphocyte ratios were elevated in chicks but not adults. This study shows that trenbolone acetate is teratogenic and immunotoxic in Japanese quail, and provides evidence that the quail immune system may be fairly resilient to embryonic endocrine-disrupting chemical-induced alterations following no further exposure posthatch.

Quinn, M.J.; McKernan, M.; Lavoie, E.T.; Ottinger, M.A.

2007-01-01

356

Researchers Find Japanese Submarine at Pearl Harbor  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Earlier this week, researchers from the University of Hawaii and the Hawaii Underwater Research Lab located the remains of a Japanese midget submarine. Found in 1200 feet of water, the submarine was sunk by the USS Ward just an hour before the aerial attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Most important, the discovery of the midget submarine offers concrete physical evidence that the United States did fire the first shot against the Japanese. Previous expeditions to locate the sub, including an effort made in 2000 by the National Geographic Society, had been unsuccessful, largely due to the fact that the area is a military "junkyard" with tons of debris on the ocean floor.For more in-depth information on this story, readers may find the first four news links particularly helpful. The fifth link leads to the Hawaii Underwater Research Lab's Web site that features photographs of the midget sub from the expedition earlier this week. The sixth link is to a Web site dealing with the history and missions of the USS Ward. The final link contains detailed information about the 2000 expedition led by Robert Ballard, with support from the National Geographic Society, to find the midget submarine.

Green, Marcia.

2002-01-01

357

Muscle dimensions in the Japanese macaque hand.  

PubMed

Macaques have been used as an important paradigm for understanding the neural control mechanisms of human precision grip capabilities. Therefore, we dissected the forearms and hands of two male Japanese macaques to systematically record the muscle mass, fascicle length and physiological cross-sectional area (PCSA). Comparisons of the mass fractions and PCSA fractions of the hand musculature among the Japanese macaque, chimpanzee, and human demonstrated that the sizes of the thenar and hypothenar eminence muscle groups are more balanced in the macaque and chimpanzee, but those of the thenar eminence group are much larger in the human, indicating that the capacity to generate force at the tip of the thumb is more restricted in macaques, despite their high manual dexterity. In the macaque, however, the extrinsic flexor muscles are much larger, possibly to facilitate weight bearing by the forelimbs in pronograde quadrupedal locomotion and forceful grasping of arboreal supports in gap-crossing movements such as leaping. Taking such anatomical differences imposed on the hand musculoskeletal system into consideration seems to be an important method of clarifying the mechanisms of precision grip in macaques. PMID:22526462

Ogihara, Naomichi; Oishi, Motoharu

2012-10-01

358

Final report for 1.7 megajoule prototype bank testing  

SciTech Connect

American Control Engineering is pleased to submit to LLNL this Final Report describing the final assembly and preliminary testing of the 1.7 megajoule prototype capacitor bank that is located at our facility. The purpose of this test program was to evaluate and characterize the performance of this capacitor bank. These tests were necessary in order to proceed with the design of a final building block module that is to be used to create a reliable and cost effective multi-hundred megajoule energy storage system. The period of performance covered by this contract is from January 1, 1991 through August 31, 1992. American Control Engineering has provided all of the necessary facilities, personnel and materials that were required to perform this testing effort (except for the existing capacitor bank, the LLNL provided flashlamp assembly and E-size ignitron switch tube), An overall view of the assembled capacitor bank system as it appeared at the completion of this subcontract is shown. The initial statement-of-work for the testing and characterization of the capacitor bank was as follows: (1) Measure all of the principal electrical parameters for the 1.7 megajoule prototype capacitor bank at low voltage before proceeding to high voltage testing. This low voltage testing is to include measurement of both normal and fault current and voltage waveforms, starting with the smallest building block grouping and proceeding systematically through to the capacitor bank load. (2) Assemble and attach each of the major subsystem elements to the capacitor bank as they are required for low voltage testing including the ignition output switch structure, coaxial transmission line and load assembly. (3) Make comparison of the test results collected through low voltage testing with those forecasted by the computer mode. Evaluate and resolve any discrepancies between the two results until the computer model achieves reasonable agreement with the actual measured test results.

NONE

1995-10-01

359

A 1?1 prototype of power generation system based upon cross-flow water turbines  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with the conception and building of an electrical power generation prototype based upon the cross-flow water turbines. The structure has been tested in grid-connected conditions in order to identify the hydrodynamic characteristics of the prime mover and to evaluate the energy efficiency of the overall energy conversion chain. The real-world tests confirm the preliminary conclusion issued from

M. Hauck; A. Rumeau; I. Munteanu; A. I. Bratcu; S. Bacha; D. Roye; A. Hably

2012-01-01

360

Modeling and real-time simulation architectures for virtual prototyping of off-road vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtual Reality-based simulation technology has evolved as a useful design and analysis tool at an early stage in the design\\u000a for evaluating performance of human-operated agricultural and construction machinery. Detecting anomalies in the design prior\\u000a to building physical prototypes and expensive testing leads to significant cost savings. The efficacy of such simulation technology\\u000a depends on how realistically the simulation mimics

Manoj Karkee; Brian L. Steward; Atul G. Kelkar; Zachary T. Kemp

2011-01-01

361

Cardboard semiotics: reconfigurable symbols as a means for narrative prototyping in game design  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose the technique of cardboard semiotics. We explain the importance of symbolic analysis as a tool for building narrative prototypes in videogames. Borrowing from the participatory design work in the early 1990s, we suggest a means for adapting and extending this work based on the implicit participation of gamers' immediate-level stories (i.e., the gameplay with narrative

Rudy McDaniel; Erik Henry Vick; Stephen Jacobs; Peter Telep

2009-01-01

362

A Spectral Optimization Algorithm for Multi-Objective Prototype Selection  

E-print Network

in selecting the "right" design prototype. This selection process typically entails an objective evaluation and models; computational methods of design; prototype selection 1 Introduction 1.1 The Process of Prototype prototypes must be generated through some innovation process. The final parametrized design is then used

Agogino, Alice M.

363

Alexandria Digital Earth ProtoType The Alexandria Digital Earth  

E-print Network

Alexandria Digital Earth ProtoType The Alexandria Digital Earth Prototype System Terence Smith Greg Janée James Frew Anita Coleman #12;Alexandria Digital Earth ProtoType 2Smith et al. / JCDL 2001 / 2x Earth ProtoType 3Smith et al. / JCDL 2001 / 2x-Jun-2001 Core System (inherited from ADL) Components

Janée, Greg

364

Prototypes and paratypes: designing mobile and ubiquitous computing applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conducting user-centered design is a primary challenge in ubiquitous computing. Two kinds of prototyping techniques can be particularly effective for developing mobile and ubiquitous computing applications: compound prototypes and situated experience prototypes. Compound prototypes combine the final product's user interface (UI) with a computational implementation that runs on a separate system without the resource constraints of the target device. This

Gregory D. Abowd; Gillian R. Hayes; Giovanni Iachello; Julie A. Kientz; Shwetak N. Patel; Molly M. Stevens; Khai N. Truong

2005-01-01

365

PROTOTYPICAL CATEGORY LEARNING IN AUTISM 1 Prototypical Category Learning in High-Functioning Autism  

E-print Network

PROTOTYPICAL CATEGORY LEARNING IN AUTISM 1 Prototypical Category Learning in High-Functioning Autism Tony Vladusich1,5,6* , Femi Lafe2,6 , Dae-Shik Kim4 , Helen Tager-Flusberg2,3,6 and Stephen 781 736 4870, Fax: +1 781 736 2398, email: thevlad@brandeis.edu Autism Research, in press

Grossberg, Stephen

366

Automated Rapid Prototyping of 3D Ceramic Parts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An automated system of manufacturing equipment produces three-dimensional (3D) ceramic parts specified by computational models of the parts. The system implements an advanced, automated version of a generic rapid-prototyping process in which the fabrication of an object having a possibly complex 3D shape includes stacking of thin sheets, the outlines of which closely approximate the horizontal cross sections of the object at their respective heights. In this process, the thin sheets are made of a ceramic precursor material, and the stack is subsequently heated to transform it into a unitary ceramic object. In addition to the computer used to generate the computational model of the part to be fabricated, the equipment used in this process includes: 1) A commercially available laminated-object-manufacturing machine that was originally designed for building woodlike 3D objects from paper and was modified to accept sheets of ceramic precursor material, and 2) A machine designed specifically to feed single sheets of ceramic precursor material to the laminated-object-manufacturing machine. Like other rapid-prototyping processes that utilize stacking of thin sheets, this process begins with generation of the computational model of the part to be fabricated, followed by computational sectioning of the part into layers of predetermined thickness that collectively define the shape of the part. Information about each layer is transmitted to rapid-prototyping equipment, where the part is built layer by layer. What distinguishes this process from other rapid-prototyping processes that utilize stacking of thin sheets are the details of the machines and the actions that they perform. In this process, flexible sheets of ceramic precursor material (called "green" ceramic sheets) suitable for lamination are produced by tape casting. The binder used in the tape casting is specially formulated to enable lamination of layers with little or no applied heat or pressure. The tape is cut into individual sheets, which are stacked in the sheet-feeding machine until used. The sheet-feeding machine can hold enough sheets for about 8 hours of continuous operation.

McMillin, Scott G.; Griffin, Eugene A.; Griffin, Curtis W.; Coles, Peter W. H.; Engle, James D.

2005-01-01

367

Appendix D. Elevator Control System Case Study This appendix describes an application of the proof-of-concept prototype, CODA,  

E-print Network

Appendix D. Elevator Control System Case Study This appendix describes an application of the proof-of-concept prototype, CODA, described in Chapter 10, to an elevator control system. The specification for this system for a large building, containing 12 elevators and 48 floors. 1 The elevator control problem dates back

Mills, Kevin

368

Japanese cedar pollinosis: Discovery, nomenclature, and epidemiological trends  

PubMed Central

The history of pollinosis in Japan before the discovery of Japanese cedar pollinosis was presented in part I in this paper. Until early 1960s, it was believed that there was no pollinosis in Japan except one case of ragweed pollinosis. The summary of how the Japanese cedar pollinosis was discovered and named was presented in part II, by referring to the paper in which we reported the presence of Japanese cedar pollinosis for the first time. The epidemiology after the discovery of Japanese cedar pollinosis was presented in part III. The number of the patients suffering from Japanese cedar pollinosis gradually increased since the 1970s. The annual incidence rate of the pollinosis had correlations with the dispersed pollen count per year. The prevalence rate of the patients with Japanese cedar pollinosis increased from 16.2% in 1998 to 26.5% in 2008 by the nationwide survey. The prevalence rate of the patients with Japanese cedar pollinosis in Tokyo metropolitan area was 10% from 1983 to 1987, 19.4% in 1996, and 28.2% in 2006. The prospects of current research and future studies were discussed in parts IV and V. PMID:24919759

SAITO, Yozo

2014-01-01

369

Preliminary work toward the development of a dimensional tolerance standard for rapid prototyping  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Rapid prototyping is a new technology for building parts quickly from CAD models. It works by slicing a CAD model into layers, then by building a model of the part one layer at a time. Since most parts can be sliced, most parts can be modeled using rapid prototyping. The layers themselves are created in a number of different ways - by using a laser to cure a layer of an epoxy or a resin, by depositing a layer of plastic or wax upon a surface, by using a laser to sinter a layer of powder, or by using a laser to cut a layer of paper. Rapid prototyping (RP) is new, and a standard part for use in comparing dimensional tolerances has not yet been chosen and accepted by ASTM (the American Society for Testing Materials). Such a part is needed when RP is used to build parts for investment casting or for direct use. The objective of this project was to start the development of a standard part by using statistical techniques to choose the features of the part which show curl - the vertical deviation of a part from its intended horizontal plane.

Kennedy, W. J.

1996-01-01

370

[Pollen dispersion of Japanese cedar and Japanese cypress in Kagawa Medical University of Kagawa Prefecture].  

PubMed

We installed the Durham sampler on the roof (27.4 m on the ground) of Kagawa Medical University in 1989 to survey pollen dispersion in Kagawa prefecture and have investigated the pollen survey from 1989 to 2001. We examined the correlation between the annual variations in the pollen counts of Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) and Cupressaceae, mainly Japanese cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa) and annual changes in meteorological conditions. The sum of these pollen counts correlated with the highest temperature from 11 July to 10 August in Kagawa prefecture. However, it is difficult to determine the pollen dispersion only based on meteorological factors. Other factors giving influences on the pollen dispersion need to be further analyzed in the future. PMID:12598718

Kobayashi, Ryuichi; Karaki, Masayuki; Mori, Nozomu

2003-01-01

371

A building life-cycle information system for tracking building performance metrics  

SciTech Connect

Buildings often do not perform as well in practice as expected during pre-design planning, nor as intended at the design stage. While this statement is generally considered to be true, it is difficult to quantify the impacts and long-term economic implications of a building in which performance does not meet expectations. This leads to a building process that is devoid of quantitative feedback that could be used to detect and correct problems both in an individual building and in the building process itself. One key element in this situation is the lack of a standardized method for documenting and communicating information about the intended performance of a building. This paper describes the Building Life-cycle Information System (BLISS); designed to manage a wide range of building related information across the life cycle of a building project. BLISS is based on the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) developed by the International Alliance for Interoperability. A BLISS extension to th e IFC that adds classes for building performance metrics is described. Metracker, a prototype tool for tracking performance metrics across the building life cycle, is presented.

Hitchcock, R.J.; Piette, M.A.; Selkowitz, S.E.

1999-04-01

372

Building Design  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Building Design site bills itself as "the architects" website", and it is a claim that is quite accurate and apropos. Designed to complement their print publication, the site is a treasure-trove of material for just about anyone who is involved in any aspect of building, including architects, design theorists, planners, and so on. As the magazine is based in the United Kingdom, there's definitely a British Isles focus. Readers probably won't mind as the site offers excellent coverage of the field in the "News" section, where they can sign up to receive email updates, watch some slideshows of new and proposed buildings, and read long-form pieces. Not surprisingly, the site is keeping up with the proverbial Joneses" by offering a smattering of intelligent and lively blogs, coupled with podcasts that mix contemporary interviews and discussions with archived materials such as talks with Buckminster Fuller on his environmental philosophy.

373

NASA DFRC Practices for Prototype Qualification  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the practices that Dryden uses for qualification of the prototypes of aircraft. There are many views of aircraft that Dryden has worked with. Included is a discussion of basic considerations for strength, a listing of standards and references, a discussion of typical safety of flight approaches, a discussion of the prototype design, using the X-29A as an example, and requirements for new shapes (i.e., the DAST-ARW1 , F-8 Super Critical Wing, AFTI/F-111 MAW), new control laws (i.e., AAW F-18), new operating envelope (i.e., F-18 HARV), limited sope add-on or substitute structure (i.e., SR-71 LASRE, ECLIPSE, F-16XL SLFC), and extensively modified or replaced structure (i.e., SOFIA, B747SP). There is a listing of causes for the failure of the prototype.

Lokos, William A.

2009-01-01

374

Lightweight composite fighting cover prototype development program  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Army Field Assistance Science and Technology Program requested Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to demonstrate the use of lightweight composite materials in construction of overhead covers for reinforced infantry fighting positions. In recent years, ORNL researchers have designed and tested several concepts for lightweight ballistic protection structures, and they have developed numerous prototype composite structures for military and civilian applications. In the current program, composite panel designs and materials are tested and optimized to meet anticipated static and dynamic load conditions for the overhead cover structure. Ten prototype composite covers were built at ORNL for use in Army field tests. Each composite cover has a nominal surface area of 12 ft[sup 2] and a nominal weight of 8 lb. Four of the prototypes are made with folding sections to improve their handling characteristics. The composite covers exhibit equivalent performance in Army field tests to covers made with conventional materials that weigh four times as much.

Wrenn, G.E. Jr.; Frame, B.J.; Gwaltney, R.C.; Akerman, M.A.

1996-07-01

375

Jim Breen's WWWJDIC Japanese-English Dictionary Server  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A student who has studied Japanese for several years recommended this resource to AMSER. The site is an online Japanese-English Dictionary and it is set apart from other dictionary or translation sites because of the ability of a user to look up kanji in more than one way, including drawing them using a java applet. Other useful features include cell-phone friendly pages for Japanese to English translation, and vice versa. For a good introduction on how the site is formulated users should click on �View Documentation� for a good general overview before digging in.

Breen, Jim

2007-01-31

376

Missed opportunities: speculation on what Japanese psychology could have been.  

PubMed

Takasuna (Integr. Physiol. Behav. Sci. 41, 2007) mentioned the ease with which evolutionary theory was accepted by Japanese psychologists, and certainly this is admirable. He also mentioned the stubborn force which had to be used to gain an understanding of the (thoroughly Western) subjective objective distinction. Alas, during the formative years of Japanese psychology, there was much philosophical work afoot attempting to destroy that distinction. It is speculated that only a small change of which books were translated, or with which Americans early Japanese psychologists trained under, would have made Japan into a haven for these still underdog theories. PMID:17992873

Charles, Eric P

2007-03-01

377

Rapid Prototyping of Composite Structures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This progress report for the project Rapid Production of Composite Structures covers the period from July 14, 1997 to June 30, 1998. It will present a short overview of the project, followed by the results to date and plans for the future. The goal of this research is to provide a minimum 100x reduction in the time required to produce arbitrary, laminated products without the need for a separate mold or an autoclave. It will accomplish this by developing the science underlying the rapid production of composite structures, specifically those of carbon fiber-epoxy materials. This scientific understanding will be reduced to practice in a demonstration device that will produce a part on the order of 12" by 12" by 6". Work in the past year has focussed on developing an understanding of the materials issues and of the machine design issues. Our initial goal was to use UV cureable resins to accomplish full cure on the machine. Therefore, we have centered our materials work around whether or not UV cureable resins will work. Currently, the answer seems to be that they will not work, because UV light cannot penetrate the carbon fibers, and because no "shadow" curing seems to occur. As a result, non-UV cureable resins are being investigated. This has resulted in a change in the machine design focus. We are now looking into a "dip and place" machine design, whereby a prepreg layer would have one side coated with a curing agent, and then would be placed onto the previous layer. This would lead to cure at the interface, but not to the top of the layer. The formulation of the resins to accomplish this task at room or slightly elevated temperatures is being investigated, as is the machine design needed to apply the curing agent and then cure or partially cure the part. A final, out-of-autoclave, post-cure may be needed with this strategy, as final cure on the machine may not be possible, as it was for the initial UV cure strategy. The remainder of this report details the progress in the materials and machine design areas. Materials Development The material system must be designed to fulfill the following requirements: to reduce the time and labor requirements of typical cure cycles; to reduce the thermal stresses developed during conventional heat curing; and to develop a structure that the build sequence requires. In order to accomplish these goals, there have been parallel tracks of investigation. One area has tested photopolymerizable (ultraviolet (UV) curable) materials and combinations of these materials with standard heat curing resins. The second area has investigated resins that cure rapidly at room or low heat temperatures. The main goal of these investigations has been to identify a system that will rapidly set or cure at room temperature during a tape lay-up process and hold its structure during a post-cure cycle.

Colton, Jonathan S.

1998-01-01

378

Building Tall  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this engineering activity (page 2 of PDF), young learners investigate how a wide base can make a building more stable. Learners use blocks or boxes of different sizes to construct stable towers. Learners will compare and contrast different structures, document their observations, experiment with different materials, and conduct stability tests. This activity is part of the Curious George "Under Construction" lesson plan and related to the show Curious George on PBS, specifically the episode "Curious George's Home for Pigeons." The lesson plan includes several activities that explore building engineering. Activities are connected to fiction and non-fiction books and include family extension projects.

PBS Kids

2006-01-01

379

Virtual phosphorus ore requirement of Japanese economy.  

PubMed

Phosphorus is indispensable for agricultural production. Hence, the consumption of imported food indirectly implies the import of phosphorus resources. The global consumption of agricultural products depends on a small number of ore-producing countries. For sustainable management of phosphorus resources, the global supply and demand network should be clarified. In this study, we propose the virtual phosphorus ore requirement as a new indicator of the direct and indirect phosphorus requirements for our society. The virtual phosphorus ore requirement indicates the direct and indirect demands for phosphorus ore transformed into agricultural products and fertilizer. In this study, the virtual phosphorus ore requirement was evaluated for the Japanese economy in 2005. Importantly, the results show that our society requires twice as much phosphorus ore as the domestic demand for fertilizer production. The phosphorus contained in "eaten" agricultural products was only 12% of virtual phosphorus ore requirement. PMID:21636108

Matsubae, Kazuyo; Kajiyama, Jun; Hiraki, Takehito; Nagasaka, Tetsuya

2011-08-01

380

The Austrialian National Chinese Japanese Korean Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Providing access to Asian-language materials has always been a problem for libraries. There are particular difficulties in acquiring Asian materials, in cataloguing them and providing access, and in incorporating them in library systems. There is, however, an urgent and growing need for access to Asian materials. Part of the response of the Australian library community to the difficulties and to the increasing need has been the Australian National CJK (Chinese, Japanese and Korean) Project. The CJK Project is a co-operative project involving seven Australian universities and the National Library of Australia. Membership is expected to grow to include other Australian research libraries, some public research libraries and some overseas libraries.

Groom, Linda

1994-01-01

381

DPA calculation for Japanese spallation neutron source  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A neutron generating target and surrounding components, such as moderators and proton-beam windows, of intense pulsed spallation sources suffer serious radiation damage. In order to construct a maintenance scenario of the Japanese Spallation Neutron Source, the life estimation of those components due to the radiation damage becomes indispensable. For this purpose, we calculated DPA values of the important components, based on the calculation of displacement cross-sections using PHITS and NJOY codes with the LA150 library. Maximum DPA values at the end of 5000 MW h are 3.9 for the target vessel, 2.8 for the reflector and moderator vessels, and 0.4 for the proton-beam window. We also discuss the effect of the proton-beam profile and proton-energy dependence on the DPA values. Briefly, we showed the calculation result on the helium and hydrogen production.

Harada, M.; Watanabe, N.; Konno, C.; Meigo, S.; Ikeda, Y.; Niita, K.

2005-08-01

382

Reading Like a Historian: Japanese Internment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students analyze primary source documents in an effort to answer the central historical question: Why were Japanese-Americans interned during World War II? The teacher first distributes a timeline, which the class reviews together. Students then view a government-made newsreel from 1942 explaining the rationale for internment. This is followed by 4 more documents, including the ‘Munson Report,’ an excerpt from the Supreme Court’s decision in U.S. v Korematsu, and the 1983 report of the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians. For each, students answer guiding questions and formulate a hypothesis: according to the document, why was internment necessary? A final class discussion has students determine which document(s) best explain what occurred.

Stanford History Education Group

2012-10-30

383

Fallout Pu in the Japanese diet.  

PubMed

The ingestion of fallout Pu from seven or six separate food groups collected in Japan during 1962 and 1983-84 are reported. The contribution of ingested Pu from algae was the highest among the food groups studied: approximately 60% of the total ingested Pu during 1962, and 74% in 1983-84. The contribution from whole marine products, i.e. algae and fish/shellfish, was approximately 70% of the total Pu ingested in 1962, and more than 90% in 1983-84. The higher Japanese ingestion rate than that of the United States is attributable to the higher consumption rate of marine food products in Japan. Also reported in this paper are the ingestion rate for 137Cs from fallout through the same food groups, and the concentration of Pu and other radioactive nuclides in specific individual foodstuffs and algae samples. PMID:3759461

Hisamatsu, S; Takizawa, Y; Abe, T

1986-10-01

384

Control of Japanese honeysuckle in wildlife borders  

USGS Publications Warehouse

1. Japanese honeysuckle, an exotic that can be either a pest or an asset in different localities, makes maintenance of wildlife plantings in the Southeast a difficult problem. 2. A herbicide applied during the winter and strong enough to kill dormant woody plants will stop the spread of honeysuckle from a woods edge for at least two years. 3. A low-percentage 2,4-D water spray applied to honeysuckle growing in bicolor lespedeza borders at a time when honeysuckle is starting growth and bicolor is still dormant will selectively destroy the vine without injuring the border. 4. Studies on control of honeysuckle in multiflora rose, shrub borders, and contour hedges by herbicides are planned for the future.

Warbach, O.

1953-01-01

385

Past, Present, and Future of Japanese Encephalitis  

PubMed Central

Japanese encephalitis (JE), a vector-borne viral disease, is endemic to large parts of Asia and the Pacific. An estimated 3 billion people are at risk, and JE has recently spread to new territories. Vaccination programs, increased living standards, and mechanization of agriculture are key factors in the decline in the incidence of this disease in Japan and South Korea. However, transmission of JE is likely to increase in Bangladesh, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar, North Korea, and Pakistan because of population growth, intensified rice farming, pig rearing, and the lack of vaccination programs and surveillance. On a global scale, however, the incidence of JE may decline as a result of large-scale vaccination programs implemented in China and India. PMID:19116041

Weiss, Svenja; Keiser, Jennifer; Utzinger, Jürg; Wiedenmayer, Karin

2009-01-01

386

The infrared camera prototype characterization for the JEM-EUSO space mission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

JEM-EUSO (Extreme Universe Space Observatory on Japanese Experiment Module) is an advanced observatory that will be on-board the International Space Station (ISS) and use the Earth's atmosphere as a huge calorimeter detector. However, the atmospheric clouds introduce uncertainties in the signals measured by JEM-EUSO. Therefore, it is extremely important to know the atmospheric conditions and properties of the clouds in the Field of View (FoV) of the telescope. The Atmospheric Monitoring System (AMS) of JEM-EUSO includes a lidar and an infrared imaging system, IR-Camera, aimed to detect the presence of clouds and to obtain the cloud coverage and cloud top altitude during the observations of the JEM-EUSO main telescope. To define the road-map for the design of the electronics, the detector has been tested extensively with a first prototype. The actual design of the IR-Camera, the test of the prototype, and the outcome of this characterization are presented in this paper.

Morales de los Ríos, J. A.; Joven, E.; del Peral, L.; Reyes, M.; Licandro, J.; Rodríguez Frías, M. D.

2014-06-01

387

Polymeric rapid prototyping for inexpensive and portable medical diagnostics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The advent of inexpensive CO2 laser systems has led to a wide range of demonstrations of microfabricated lab on chip systems built of acrylic. However, there has been little application of these systems to building microfluidics for DNA analysis. In this work we explore the use of CO2 laser systems for building microfluidics for DNA analysis and relate the artifacts of the fabrication technology to the performance of the system. We show that surface roughness that leads to significant constrictions in the separation channel provides an upper limit of the size of DNA that can be analysed. Below that upper limit, the resolution of the chip is strongly affected by the degree to which the separation channel is exposed to redeposited by-products of the ablation process. We show that by controlling these effects we are reliably able to discern two types of PCR product as a test representative of a real application. By being able to do this is in microfluidic devices the size of a postage stamp we have shown that we can now use CO2 laser systems for the development of extremely inexpensive diagnostic systems using a rapid prototyping approach.

Ma, Tianchi; Northrup, Victoria; Fung, Andrew O.; Glerum, D. Moira; Backhouse, Christopher J.

2012-10-01

388

Building Sinusoids  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes the development and implementation of a measurement-based group activity designed to support students in understanding the connection between angle magnitude and the shape of the sine function. She explains that the benefit of this activity is that it allows students to build their trigonometric knowledge…

Landers, Mara G.

2013-01-01

389

Building Height  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Working in pairs, students create a clinometer and use isosceles right triangles to find the height of a building. The class will compare measurements, discuss their results, and select the best measure of central tendency to report the most accurate height. All handouts and excellent class discussion questions are provided.

Hendrickson, Katie

2000-01-01

390

Building Trades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide provides materials for a competency-based course in building trades at the secondary level. The curriculum design uses the curriculum infused model for the teaching of basic skills as part of vocational education and demonstrates the relationship of vocationally related skills to communication, mathematics, and science…

Gudzak, Raymond

391

An On-Line Study of Japanese Nesting Complexity  

E-print Network

This paper reports the results of a self-paced reading experiment in Japanese in which the materials consisted of four versions of successively more nested syntactic structures. It was found that (1) people read the more ...

Nakatani, Kentaro

392

Database service for Japanese Standards Information : 'KIKAKU NET'  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Japanese Standards Association (JSA) started the standards information database services, 'KIKAKU NET' in October 1989. In Japan, it is the only standards information database compiled based on the information and know-hows which the Association has accumulated over fifteen years and has been entrusted the project for research by Agency Industrial Science and Technology, Ministry of International Trade and Industry. It covers the domestic standards information datafile for Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS), Japanese Agricultural Standards (JAS), and some Japanese Association Standards which are related to JIS, and the foreign standards information datafile for international standards of ISO and IEC, foreign national standards, and foreign association standards. 'KIKAKU NET' is available for user's personal computer by on-line access to the host computer of distributors which have been contracted with the Association. This paper describes characteristics, contents and the system outline of 'KIKAKU NET'.

Fujii, Masayuki

393

Phoneme discrimination and mismatch negativity in English and Japanese speakers.  

PubMed

Neural templates for phonemes in one's native language are formed early in life; these can be modified but are difficult to form de novo. These can be examined with mismatch negativity (MMN). Three phonemic contrasts were presented to adult native English compared with Japanese speakers who acquired English later in life: vowels native to both languages (/i//iy/), consonant-vowel contrasts (/da//wa/) phonemic in both languages, and consonant-vowel contrasts phonemic in English but not in Japanese (/ra//la/). For vowels, no MMN differences were found. For /da//wa/, MMN amplitude was significantly reduced in Japanese speakers. For /ra//la/, only 50% of the Japanese group showed an identifiable MMN. This suggests that phonemic templates are formed early in life, and non-native consonant contrasts are difficult to learn later. PMID:21610545

Bomba, Marie D; Choly, David; Pang, Elizabeth W

2011-07-13

394

Phoneme discrimination and mismatch negativity in English and Japanese speakers  

PubMed Central

Neural templates for phonemes in one’s native language are formed early in life; these can be modified but are difficult to form de novo. These can be examined with mismatch negativity. Three phonemic contrasts were presented to adult native English compared to Japanese speakers who acquired English later: vowels native to both languages (/i//iy/); consonant-vowel contrasts (/da//wa/) phonemic in both languages; and consonant-vowel contrasts phonemic in English but not in Japanese (/ra//la/). For vowels, no MMN differences were found. For /da//wa/, MMN amplitude was significantly reduced in Japanese speakers. For /ra//la/, only 50% of the Japanese group showed an identifiable MMN. This suggests that phonemic templates are formed early in life and non-native consonant contrasts are difficult to learn later. PMID:21610545

Bomba, Marie D.; Choly, David; Pang, Elizabeth W.

2012-01-01

395

21F.502 Beginning Japanese II, Spring 2005  

E-print Network

This course covers Lessons 7-12A of JSL (Japanese: the Spoken Language, Part 1, by Eleanor H. Jorden with Mari Noda, Yale University Press, 1987), enhancing the basic skills for conversation, reading and writing. The class ...

Nagaya, Yoshimi

396

The anglerfish Lophius litulon (Jordan) is distributed throughout Japanese  

E-print Network

356 The anglerfish Lophius litulon (Jordan) is distributed throughout Japanese waters, in the Gulf, this species and a second anglerfish, Lophiomus setigerus (Vahl), are consumed as food, and their livers

397

The Japanese value of harmony and nursing ethics.  

PubMed

Harmony is one of the most fundamental Japanese values. It is derived from Confucianism and encompasses a state of mind, an action process and outcomes of the action. This article draws on research data and discusses Japanese nurses' perceptions of harmony as reflected in their everyday practice. The most important virtues for these nurses were reported as politeness and respect for other persons. The outcome from the nurses' harmonious practice, it is claimed, benefited patients and created peaceful, harmonious relationships for all. Because of the unique link between harmony and the location of interaction, the ideal 'workplace harmony' threatened some nurses' professional decision making. These nurses confused harmony with conformity by superficial agreement. The Japanese seniority system could be a major factor contributing to this problem. Ethics education that includes traditional values and concepts in Japanese culture is strongly urged. PMID:19671648

Konishi, Emiko; Yahiro, Michiko; Nakajima, Naoko; Ono, Miki

2009-09-01

398

Development of the gerotranscendence scale type 2: Japanese version.  

PubMed

This study developed the Japanese version of the gerotranscendence scale type 2 (the GST2) and examined reliability and validity of the scale. In Japan, 525 community-dwelling older adults (male = 260, female = 265) answered a questionnaire. An exploratory factor analysis of the Japanese version of the GST2 revealed the same three-factor structure including the Dimensions of the Cosmic, the Coherence, and the Solitude, which had been reported by Tornstam with the omission of item 1. Reliability and construct validity of the Japanese version of the GST2 were confirmed. These findings provide support for use of the Japanese version of the GST2 as a measure of lifespan development among the oldest old in Japan. The GST2 can be applicable not only for older adults in Sweden but also for older adults in Japan. PMID:23350344

Hoshino, Kazumi; Zarit, Steven H; Nakayama, Makoto

2012-01-01

399

RIKEN Radio Isotope Beam Factory: Japanese Flagship for Nuclear Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent activities at the RIKEN Radio Isotope Beam Factory (RIBF) are reported together with its history and future prospects. RIBF is the Japanese flagship for nuclear science, and at this moment is the world flagship machine.

En'yo, Hideto

2015-11-01

400

Building America Industrialized Housing Partnership (BAIHP II)  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the work conducted by the Building America Industrialized Housing Partnership (BAIHP - www.baihp.org) during the final budget period (BP5) of our contract, January 1, 2010 to November 30, 2010. Highlights from the four previous budget periods are included for context. BAIHP is led by the Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) of the University of Central Florida. With over 50 Industry Partners including factory and site builders, work in BP5 was performed in six tasks areas: Building America System Research Management, Documentation and Technical Support; System Performance Evaluations; Prototype House Evaluations; Initial Community Scale Evaluations; Project Closeout, Final Review of BA Communities; and Other Research Activities.

Abernethy, Bob; Chandra, Subrato; Baden, Steven; Cummings, Jim; Cummings, Jamie; Beal, David; Chasar, David; Colon, Carlos; Dutton, Wanda; Fairey, Philip; Fonorow, Ken; Gil, Camilo; Gordon, Andrew; Hoak, David; Kerr, Ryan; Peeks, Brady; Kosar, Douglas; Hewes, Tom; Kalaghchy, Safvat; Lubliner, Mike; Martin, Eric; McIlvaine, Janet; Moyer, Neil; Liguori, Sabrina; Parker, Danny; Sherwin, John; Stroer, Dennis; Thomas-Rees, Stephanie; Daniel, Danielle; McIlvaine, Janet

2010-11-30

401

Papers in Linguistics. Volume 16. Studies in Japanese Language Use and Studies in the Languages of the USSR.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A volume combining two special issues of "Papers in Linguistics" contains 10 papers concerning Japanese language use and 12 concerning languages of the U.S.S.R. The papers on Japanese include: "Intrusion in Japanese Conversation,""Japanese Use of English Loans,""Some Discourse Principles and Lengthy Sentences in Japanese,""On the Two Forms of…

Miyagawa, Shigeru, Ed.; And Others

1983-01-01

402

Web tools for rapid experimental visualization prototyping  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quite often a researcher finds themselves looking at spreadsheets of high-dimensional data generated by experimental models and user studies. We can use analysis to challenge or confirm hypothesis, but unexpected results can easily be lost in the shuffle. For this reason, it would be useful to visualize the results so we can explore our data and make new discoveries. Web browsers have become increasingly capable for creating complex, multi-view applications. Javascript is quickly becoming a de facto standard for scripting, online and offline. This work demonstrates the use of web technologies as a powerful tool for rapid visualization prototyping. We have developed two prototypes: One for high-dimensional results of the abELICIT - multi-agent version of the ELICIT platform tasked with collaborating to identify the parameters of a pending attack. Another prototype displays responses to a user study on the effectiveness of multi-layer visualization techniques. We created coordinated multiple views prototypes in the Google Chrome web browser written in Javascript, CSS and HTML. We will discuss the benefits and shortcomings of this approach.

Decker, Jonathan W.; Livingstion, Mark A.

2013-01-01

403

Automated inventory tracking system prototype in cloud  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we investigate possible solutions for alleviating retail manufacturers of logistical concerns by using inexpensive cell phones with WAP and WiFi capabilities, low resolution digital cameras, and open source applications for web hosts in the cloud to store and process business information. The proposed inventory tracking system prototype is aimed at the company’s agents whose responsibilities are to

Rob Grmek; Youry Khmelevsky; Dmitry Syrotovsky

2011-01-01

404

AC losses of prototype HTS transmission cables  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1995 Southwire Company and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have jointly designed, built, and tested nine, 1 m long, high temperature superconducting (HTS) transmission cable prototypes. This paper summarizes the AC loss measurements of five of the cables not reported elsewhere, and compares the losses with each other and with theory developed by Dresner. Losses were measured with both

J. W. Lue; J. A. Demko; L. Dresner; R. L. Hughey; U. Sinha; J. C. Tolbert; S. K. Olsen

1999-01-01

405

Investigation of the Helios Prototype Aircraft Mishap  

E-print Network

Investigation of the Helios Prototype Aircraft Mishap Volume I Mishap Report Thomas E. Noll NASA Langley Research Center John M. Brown National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Marla E. Perez-Davis NASA Glenn Research Center Stephen D. Ishmael NASA Dryden Flight Research Center Geary C. Tiffany NASA

406

Weighting Prototypes. A New Editing Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is well known that editing techniques can be applied to (large) sets of prototypes in order to bring the error rate of the Nearest Neighbour classifier close to the optimal Bayes risk. However, in practice, the behaviour of these tech- niques uses to be much worse than expected from the asymp- totic predictions. A novel editing technique is introduced

Roberto Paredes Palacios; Enrique Vidal

2000-01-01

407

NASA's Wireless Augmented Reality Prototype (WARP)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of Wireless Augmented Reality Prototype (WARP) effort is to develop and integrate advanced technologies for real-time personal display of information relevant to the health and safety of space station/shuttle personnel. The WARP effort will develop and demonstrate technologies that will ultimately be incorporated into operational Space Station systems and that have potential earth applications such as aircraft pilot alertness monitoring and in various medical and consumer environments where augmented reality is required. To this end a two phase effort will be undertaken to rapidly develop a prototype (Phase I) and an advanced prototype (Phase II) to demonstrate the following key technology features that could be applied to astronaut internal vehicle activity (IVA) and potentially external vehicle activity (EVA) as well: 1) mobile visualization, and 2) distributed information system access. Specifically, Phase I will integrate a low power, miniature wireless communication link and a commercial biosensor with a head mounted display. The Phase I design will emphasize the development of a relatively small, lightweight, and unobtrusive body worn prototype system. Phase II will put increased effort on miniaturization, power consumption reduction, increased throughput, higher resolution, and ``wire removal'' of the subsystems developed in Phase I.

Agan, Martin; Voisinet, Leeann; Devereaux, Ann

1998-01-01

408

Dynamic Prototypicality Effects in Visual Search  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent studies, researchers have discovered a larger neural activation for stimuli that are more extreme exemplars of their stimulus class, compared with stimuli that are more prototypical. This has been shown for faces as well as for familiar and novel shape classes. We used a visual search task to look for a behavioral correlate of these…

Kayaert, Greet; Op de Beeck, Hans P.; Wagemans, Johan

2011-01-01

409

A PROTOTYPE MOLECULAR INTERACTIVE COLLABORATIVE ENVIRONMENT (MICE)  

E-print Network

information, as well as effectively collaborate and discuss the visual data, even when working fromA PROTOTYPE MOLECULAR INTERACTIVE COLLABORATIVE ENVIRONMENT (MICE) P. BOURNE 1,2,4,a , M. GRIBSKOV the Virtual Reality Behavior System (VRBS) protocol. VRBS provides communication between multiple client

Bourne, Philip E.

410

System concept development with virtual prototyping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtual prototyping with 3D drawing programs provides a means of rapidly developing system concepts and analyzing them for form, fit, logistics, human factors integration, and general feasibility analysis. The resulting models can be studied, viewed from different angles, and even ÒenteredÓ by multidisciplinary design teams working in an integrated product team environment. The authors were involved in two separate system

James C. Schaaf Jr.; Faye Lynn Thompson

1997-01-01

411

Hazard Communication and Training. A Prototype.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a prototype hazard communication and training program for manufacturers. Discusses the necessary ingredients of such a program, including chemical inventorying, labeling hazardous chemicals, maintaining a current file of material safety data sheets, and written training programs. Includes samples of material safety data sheets, labeling…

Barry, Dana M.

1987-01-01

412

Design data brochure: SIMS prototype system 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information is provided on the design and performance of the IBM SIMS Prototype System 2, solar domestic hot water system, for single family residences. The document provides sufficient data to permit procurement, installation, operation, and maintenance by qualified architectural engineers or contractors.

1977-01-01

413

Virtual Prototyping of Motion Control Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the Virtual Test Bed (VTB) which is a software environment that is being developed for design, analysis, and virtual prototyping of large-scale multi- technical physical systems with emphasis on Naval electrical systems (1). Motion control applications and the applicability of several different simulation environments are discussed.

Levent U. Gökdere; Charles W. Brice

1999-01-01

414

Analysis of the TRIPS prototype block predictor  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the performance of the TRIPS proto- type chip's block predictor. The prototype is the first imple- mentation of the block-atomic TRIPS architecture, wherein the unit of execution is a TRIPS hyperblock. The TRIPS pro- totype predictor uses a two-step prediction process: it first predicts the exit from the current hyperblock and uses the predicted exit in conjunction

Nitya Ranganathan; Doug Burger; Stephen W. Keckler

2009-01-01

415

Prototyping An Intelligent Agent Wizard of Oz  

E-print Network

-220-6087 Human Interface Group, Apple Computer Inc. 20525 Mariani Ave. Cupertino CA 90514 USA mander@appleLink.apple using the Wizard of Oz to prototype in- telligent agents: a) design of the simulation benefits greatly benefits greatly by becoming the Wizard; and e) qualitative data is more valuable for answering global

Greenberg, Saul

416

FIELD PROTOTYPE DEMONSTRATION OF THE SWIRL DEGRITTER  

EPA Science Inventory

A prototype swirl degritter was tested by the Metropolitan Denver Sewage Disposal District No. 1. The unit was designed to duplicate the grit removal device needed to degrit the underflow from the proposed swirl concentrator as a combined sewer overflow regulator at Lancaster, Pe...

417

Prototype solar heating and cooling systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A collection of monthly status reports on the development of eight prototype solar heating and cooling systems is presented. The effort calls for the development, manufacture, test, system installation, maintenance, problem resolution, and performance evaluation. The systems are 3, 25, and 75 ton size units.

1978-01-01

418

Performance of the Prototype Fortran D Compiler  

E-print Network

Performance of the Prototype Fortran D Compiler Chau­Wen Tseng Dept. of Computer Science University Award Number ASC9625531 in New Technologies. 1 #12; Summary Fortran D is a version of Fortran enhanced Fortran D compiler when compiling linear algebra codes and whole programs. Statement groups, execution

Tseng, Chau-Wen

419

NEST: a network simulation and prototyping testbed  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Network Simulation Testbed (NEST) is a graphical environment for simulation and rapid-prototyping of distributed networked systems and protocols. Designers of distributed networked systems require the ability to study the systems operations under a variety of simulated network scenarios. For example, designers of a routing protocol need to study the steady-state performance features of the mechanism as well as its

Alexander Dupuy; Jed Schwartz; Yechiam Yemini; David F. Bacon

1990-01-01

420

Low cost miniaturization of an implantable prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present the stages for manufacturing a low-cost miniaturized prototype device, which observes the restrictions of implantable medical devices. The device measures the electrocardiography. The power for the implant is received passively as the same magnetic field as data is transferred to the reader device. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In this manufacturing technique, only

Henna Heinilä; Jarno Riistama; Pekka Heino; Jukka Lekkala

2009-01-01

421

Design and Test of Prototype DART System  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 1.2-meter prototype Dual Anamorphic Reflector Telescope (DART) system has been built and tested. The key design feature of the telescope is a pair of membrane mirrors stretched to single curvature parabolic cylindrical sections. The parabolic figure of the mirrors is controlled by a pair of edge rails at two opposing ends of the membrane. The flexible edge rails are

Jason Tolomeo; Eugene W. Cross Jr.; William W. Sable; Tom Decker; Dave Putnam; Thomas H. Jamieson; Mark Dragovan; Artur B. Chmielewski; Jennifer A. Dooley

2002-01-01

422

A prototype ionospheric tomography system (ITS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Northwest Research Associates has developed a prototype ionospheric tomography system (ITS) for use with the 'Transit' satellites of the U.S. Navy Navigation Satellite System (NNSS). The NNSS satellites transmit coherent signals at 150 and 400 MHz. The ITS consists of a data-collection subsystem made up of five newly designed, largely digital ITS 105 coherent radio receivers for recording dispersive phase

E. J. Fremouw; J. A. Secan

1994-01-01

423

Prototype solar heating and cooling systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A collection of monthly status reports are given on the development of eight prototype solar heating and cooling systems. This effort calls for the development, manufacturing, test, system installation, maintenance, problem resolution, and performance evaluation. The systems are 3-, 25-, and 75-ton size units.

1978-01-01

424

Demonstrative Prototype to Teach Statistical Methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with the introduction of hypermedia technologies in statistical methods as well as their applications in the training of students. A hypermedia prototype to show statistical methods was develop and the toolkits are Toolbook and Kappa. Several screens was developed in a electronic book. The screens show the calculations modules. Some statistical graphs are showed through the screens.

Maria Da Graca Pereira

2004-01-01

425

INTEGRATING VIRTUAL REALITY FOR VIRTUAL PROTOTYPING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business process re-engineering is becoming a main focus in today's efforts to overcome problems and deficits in the auto- motive and aerospace industries (e.g., integration in international markets, product complexity, increasing number of product vari- ants, reduction in product development time and cost). In this paper, we investigate the steps needed to apply vir- tual reality (VR) for virtual prototyping

BMW AG; Gabriel Zachmann

1998-01-01

426

Prototype lockhopper valve testing and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reliable, long-life process components such as valves are essential to the success of advanced coal conversion and utilization processes. To meet part of this anticipated need, the Prototype Lockhopper Valve Development Program was created. The goal of the program was to develop valves that significantly exceed existing commercial valves by increasing temperature and pressure limits and extending service life. The

W. J. Jr. Ayers; R. A. Wojewodka

1985-01-01

427

Formal Specification and Prototyping of CORBA Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose to extend the CORBA interface definition of distributed objects by a behavioral specification based on high level Petri nets. This technique allows specifying in an abstract, concise and precise way the behavior of CORBA servers, including internal concurrency and synchronization. As the behavioral specification is fully executable, this approach also enables to early prototyping and testing of a

Rémi Bastide; Ousmane Sy; Philippe A. Palanque

1999-01-01

428

MDLab: A Molecular Dynamics Simulation Prototyping Environment  

E-print Network

MDLab: A Molecular Dynamics Simulation Prototyping Environment Trevor Cickovski1 ,Santanu; Simulation], 83.10.Mj [Molecular dynamics, Brownian dynamics], 83.10.Rs [Computer simulation of molecular submitted to Elsevier 10 July 2009 #12;1 Introduction Molecular dynamics (MD) simulation propagates

Izaguirre, Jesús A.

429

A Prototype Expert System for Fishway Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development of a prototype expert system to recommend the most suitable type of fishway for given design conditions. Recommendations are provided on the basis of fishway hydraulics, fish passage performance, and cost requirements. An appendix provides an example consultation. (MDH)

Bender, Michael J.; And Others

1992-01-01

430

Development of a prototype lignin concentration sensor  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy, Office of Industrial Technologies, is sponsoring a research and development program for the development of a real-time, in-situ sensor to measure the concentration of lignin in wood pulp. The program is composed of phase I showing feasibility which is now complete, phase II for development and testing of a Field Prototype, in progress, Phase III commercialization. Phase I work (funded entirely by B&W) demonstrated a correlation between the fluorescence intensity and lignin concentration (as measured by TAPPI procedure, T 236 hm-85 Kappa Number of Pulp) for undiluted wood pulp samples. In Phase II, a laboratory test program directed at characterizing the fluorescence of wood pulp has been conducted as a prelude to the design of a prototype sensor. The current report summarizes the testing completed in Phase I and documents the Phase II laboratory testing completed through December 1991. Future Phase II efforts include additional laboratory testing, design and fabrication of a prototype sensor, and field testing of the prototype sensor. Phase III of the program will concentrate on the incorporation of the sensor into a control system and commercialization of the sensor.

Malito, M.L.; Jeffers, L.A.

1993-01-01

431

TETROBOT modular robotics: prototype and experiments  

Microsoft Academic Search

TETROBOT is a modular system for the design, implementation, and control of a class of highly redundant parallel robotic mechanisms. This paper describes new experimental results based on evaluation of prototype configurations with up to 18 nodes, 48 links and 15 actuators. TETROBOT is an actuated robotic structure which may be reassembled into many different configurations while still being controlled

Gregory J. Hamlin; Arthur C. Sanderson

1996-01-01

432

Building the Wireless Campus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This prototype is a continuation of a series of wireless prototypes which began in August 2001 and was reported on again in August 2002. This is the final year of this prototype. This continuation allowed Saint Francis University's Center of Excellence for Remote and Medically Under-Served Areas (CERMUSA) to refine the existing WLAN for the Saint…

Gerraughty, James F.; Shanafelt, Michael E.

2005-01-01

433

HapMap coverage for SNPs in the Japanese population  

Microsoft Academic Search

The coverage of human genomic variations is known to substantially affect the success of genome-wide association studies.\\u000a We therefore assessed the SNP coverage in the HapMap database for a total of 1,304 subjects from the Japanese population by\\u000a combining resequencing and high-density genotyping approaches. First, we resequenced 48 Japanese subjects in 86 genes (572 kb\\u000a in total), and we then genotyped

Fumihiko Takeuchi; Masakuni Serizawa; Norihiro Kato

2008-01-01

434

Evaluating genetic risk for prostate cancer among Japanese and Latinos  

PubMed Central

Background There have been few genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of prostate cancer among diverse populations. To search for novel prostate cancer risk variants, we conducted GWAS of prostate cancer in Japanese and Latinos. In addition, we tested prostate cancer risk variants and developed genetic risk models of prostate cancer for Japanese and Latinos. Methods Our first stage GWAS of prostate cancer included Japanese (cases/controls=1,033/1,042) and Latino (cases/controls=1,043/1,057) from the Multiethnic Cohort. Significant associations from stage 1 (P < 1.0×10?4) were examined in silico in GWAS of prostate cancer (stage 2) in Japanese (cases/controls=1,583/3,386) and Europeans (cases/controls=1,854/1,894). Results No novel stage 1 SNPs outside of known risk regions reached genome-wide significance. For Japanese, in stage 1, the most notable putative novel association was seen with 10 SNPs (P<8.0. x10?6) at chromosome 2q33; however, this was not replicated in stage 2. For Latinos, the most significant association was observed with rs17023900 at the known 3p12 risk locus (stage 1: OR=1.45; P=7.01×10?5 and stage 2: OR=1.58; P =3.05×10?7). The majority of the established risk variants for prostate cancer, 79% and 88%, were positively associated with prostate cancer in Japanese and Latinos (stage I), respectively. The cumulative effects of these variants significantly influence prostate cancer risk (OR per allele=1.10; P = 2.71×10?25 and OR=1.07; P = 1.02×10?16 for Japanese and Latinos, respectively). Conclusion and Impact Our GWAS of prostate cancer did not identify novel genome-wide significant variants. However, our findings demonstrate that established risk variants for prostate cancer significantly contribute to risk among Japanese and Latinos. PMID:22923026

Cheng, Iona; Chen, Gary K.; Nakagawa, Hidewaki; He, Jing; Wan, Peggy; Laurie, Cathy; Shen, Jess; Sheng, Xin; Pooler, Loreall C.; Crenshaw, Andrew T.; Mirel, Daniel B.; Takahashi, Atsushi; Kubo, Michiaki; Nakamura, Yusuke; Al Olama, Ali Amin; Benlloch, Sara; Donovan, Jenny L.; Guy, Michelle; Hamdy, Freddie C.; Kote-Jarai, Zsofia; Neal, David E.; Wilkens, Lynne R.; Monroe, Kristine R.; Stram, Daniel O.; Muir, Kenneth; Eeles, Rosalind A.; Easton, Douglas F.; Kolonel, Laurence N.; Henderson, Brian E.; Le Marchand, Loïc; Haiman, Christopher A.

2012-01-01

435

[Development and evaluation of the Japanese remote associates test].  

PubMed

The Remote Associates Test (RAT) is one of the most popular tasks in experimental studies of insight in psychological and neuroscience studies. Since the RAT was originally developed for English-speaking countries, we developed a Japanese version of the RAT. This paper provides a brief overview of the structure of the task based on chunk decomposition using Japanese kanji characters and a list of sets of words as experimental stimuli, with representative data for experimental studies of insight. PMID:24205744

Terai, Hitoshi; Miwa, Kazuhisa; Asami, Kazuaki

2013-10-01

436

Two-Kanji Compound Words in the Japanese Mental Lexicon  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the productivity of compounding as a word-formation process, the Japanese language is especially suitable for investigating the extent of morphological involvement in the organization of the mental lexicon. This presentation introduces some of the constituent-morpheme priming experiments that I have been conducting to examine the lexical representation and retrieval of two-kanji compound word in the Japanese mental lexicon from

Terry Joyce

437

Glucose intolerance in Japanese patients with polycystic ovary syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Hyperinsulinemia, which is related to obesity, played a pathogenic role in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). However, the\\u000a incidence of obesity in Japanese women with PCOS is different from that reported in patients with PCOS in Europe and USA.\\u000a We should determine if insulin resistance occurs in Japanese PCOS. The purpose of this study is to assess the presence of\\u000a insulin

Hiroko Kurioka; Kentaro Takahashi; Kohji Miyazaki

2007-01-01

438

Relation between body composition and age in healthy Japanese subjects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To describe the relation between body composition and age measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in healthy Japanese adults.Design: Cross-sectional study.Subjects and measurements: The subjects were 2411 healthy Japanese adults (males 625, females 1786, age 20–79 y) who attended the Fukuoka Health Promotion Center, Fukuoka, Japan for health check-up. Body composition was determined by DXA (QDR-2000, Hologic) for the

H Ito; A Ohshima; N Ohto; M Ogasawara; M Tsuzuki; K Takao; C Hijii; H Tanaka; K Nishioka

2001-01-01

439

Fallout from Bikini: the explosion of Japanese medicine.  

PubMed

On 23 September 1954, Mr Aikichi Kuboyama died, the first Japanese victim of the Bikini incident--an American hydrogen bomb experiment on Bikini Atoll that took place on 1 March under the codename Operation Castle. This tragedy had several important consequences, influencing post-war negotiations between Japan and the United States over nuclear weapons, stimulating Japanese research into the biological effects of radiation and inspiring a commitment to the treatment of radiation sickness. PMID:17996941

Homei, Aya

2007-12-01

440

Building Specifications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The building in the top photo is the new home of the National Permanent Savings Bank in Washington, D.C., designed by Hartman-Cox Architects. Its construction was based on a money-saving method of preparing building specifications which derived from NASA technology developed to obtain quality construction while holding down cost of launch facilities, test centers and other structures. Written technical specifications spell out materials and components to be used on construction projects and identify the quality tests each item must pass. Specifications can have major impact on construction costs. Poorly formulated specifications can lead to unacceptable construction which must be replaced, unnecessarily high materials costs, safety hazards, disputes and often additional costs due to delays and litigation. NASA's Langley Research Center developed a novel approach to providing accurate, uniform, cost-effective specifications which can be readily updated to incorporate new building technologies. Called SPECSINTACT, it is a computerized - system accessible to all NASA centers involved in construction programs. The system contains a comprehensive catalog of master specifications applicable to many types of construction. It enables designers of any structure to call out relevant sections from computer storage and modify them to fit the needs of the project at hand. Architects and engineers can save time by concentrating their efforts on needed modifications rather than developing all specifications from scratch. Successful use of SPECSINTACT has led to a number of spinoff systems. One of the first was MASTERSPEC, developed from NASA's experience by Production Systems for Architects and Engineers, Inc., an organization established by the American Institute of Architects. MASTERSPEC, used in construction of the bank building pictured, follows the same basic format as SPECSINTACT and can be used in either automated or manual modes. The striking appearance of the bank building shows that, while MASTERSPEC saves time and money, its use involves no sacrfice in architectural design freedom. The Naval Engineering Facilities Command employs an automated specifications system based on SPECSINTACT. The Public Buildings Service of the General Services Administration used SPECSINTACT as a starting point in a plan to make its guideline specifications available to architects and engineers on a nationwide computer network. Public Technology, Inc., a NASA Technology Application Team, is working with Production Systems for Architects and Engineers, Inc., to promote widespread use of the system by state and local governments for cost benefits to taxpayers.

1978-01-01

441

WorldSID Prototype Dummy Biomechanical Responses.  

PubMed

The results of biomechanical testing of the WorldSID prototype dummy are presented in this paper. The WorldSID dummy is a new, advanced Worldwide Side Impact Dummy that has the anthropometry of a mid-sized adult male. The first prototype of this dummy has been evaluated by the WorldSID Task Group against previously established corridors for its critical body regions. The response corridors are defined in the International Organization of Standardization (ISO) Technical Report 9790. The prototype is the first version of the WorldSID dummy to be built and tested. This dummy has been subjected to a rigorous program of testing to evaluate, first and foremost its biofidelity, but also its repeatability. Following this initial evaluation, any required modifications will be incorporated into a pre-production version of the WorldSID dummy so that it rates "good" to "excellent" on the ISO dummy biofidelity scale - a rating exceeding that of all current side impact dummies. Also, the overall WorldSID repeatability must not exceed a coefficient of variation of 7% at injury assessment level and this has to be verified for the different body regions. The dummy's head, neck, thorax, abdomen and pelvis were evaluated against the ISO technical report requirements. Testing included drop tests, pendulum impacts, and sled tests. The biofidelity rating of the WorldSID prototype was calculated using the weighted biomechanical test response procedure developed by ISO. The paper presents the results of the testing, which give a very positive indication of the dummy's potential. Based on this evaluation of the dummy biofidelity, the WorldSID prototype dummy exhibits a biofidelity rating of 6.15 that corresponds to an ISO biofidelity classification of "fair". In addition, the dummy shows good repeatability with a global coefficient of variation of 3.30% for the pendulum and rigid sled tests. PMID:17458750

Cesari, D; Compigne, S; Scherer, R; Xu, L; Takahashi, N; Page, M; Asakawa, K; Kostyniuk, G; Hautmann, E; Bortenschlager, K; Sakurai, M; Harigae, T

2001-11-01

442

Susceptibility of the Adult Japanese Beetle, Popillia japonica to Entomopathogenic Nematodes.  

PubMed

To build upon prior research demonstrating the potential of entomopathogenic nematode dissemination by infected adult Japanese beetle, Popillia japonica, we evaluated susceptibility of the adult beetles to 20 strains of Steinernema and Heterorhabditis under laboratory conditions. The nematodes were applied at a rate of 10,000 infective juveniles per 10 adult beetles in 148 mL plastic cups containing autoclaved sand and sassafras leaves as a source of food for the beetles. All strains infected the beetles and caused 55% to 95% mortality. The most virulent strains that caused 50% beetle mortality in less than 5 days included a strain of H. georgiana (D61), three strains of Steinernema sp. (R54, R45, and FC48), and two strains of S. carpocapsae (All and D60). The ability of two strains of Steinernema sp. (R45 and R54) and two strains of Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (D98 and GPS11) to infect and reproduce in the beetle was further examined to assess the potential of infected beetles to disseminate nematodes upon their death. All four strains infected and killed the beetles, but only Steinernema strains reproduced in the cadavers. We conclude that both Heterorhabditis and Steinernema strains are able to cause mortality to adult Japanese beetle, but Steinernema strains may be effectively disseminated due to their reproduction in the beetle. PMID:23431080

Morris, E Erin; Grewal, Parwinder S

2011-09-01

443

Susceptibility of the Adult Japanese Beetle, Popillia japonica to Entomopathogenic Nematodes  

PubMed Central

To build upon prior research demonstrating the potential of entomopathogenic nematode dissemination by infected adult Japanese beetle, Popillia japonica, we evaluated susceptibility of the adult beetles to 20 strains of Steinernema and Heterorhabditis under laboratory conditions. The nematodes were applied at a rate of 10,000 infective juveniles per 10 adult beetles in 148 mL plastic cups containing autoclaved sand and sassafras leaves as a source of food for the beetles. All strains infected the beetles and caused 55% to 95% mortality. The most virulent strains that caused 50% beetle mortality in less than 5 days included a strain of H. georgiana (D61), three strains of Steinernema sp. (R54, R45, and FC48), and two strains of S. carpocapsae (All and D60). The ability of two strains of Steinernema sp. (R45 and R54) and two strains of Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (D98 and GPS11) to infect and reproduce in the beetle was further examined to assess the potential of infected beetles to disseminate nematodes upon their death. All four strains infected and killed the beetles, but only Steinernema strains reproduced in the cadavers. We conclude that both Heterorhabditis and Steinernema strains are able to cause mortality to adult Japanese beetle, but Steinernema strains may be effectively disseminated due to their reproduction in the beetle. PMID:23431080

Morris, E. Erin; Grewal, Parwinder S.

2011-01-01

444

Bootstrapping word order in prelexical infants: a Japanese-Italian cross-linguistic study.  

PubMed

Learning word order is one of the earliest feats infants accomplish during language acquisition [Brown, R. (1973). A first language: The early stages, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.]. Two theories have been proposed to account for this fact. Constructivist/lexicalist theories [Tomasello, M. (2000). Do young children have adult syntactic competence? Cognition, 74(3), 209-253.] argue that word order is learned separately for each lexical item or construction. Generativist theories [Chomsky, N. (1995). The Minimalist Program. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.], on the other hand, claim that word order is an abstract and general property, determined from the input independently of individual words. Here, we show that eight-month-old Japanese and Italian infants have opposite order preferences in an artificial grammar experiment, mirroring the opposite word orders of their respective native languages. This suggests that infants possess some representation of word order prelexically, arguing for the generativist view. We propose a frequency-based bootstrapping mechanism to account for our results, arguing that infants might build this representation by tracking the order of functors and content words, identified through their different frequency distributions. We investigate frequency and word order patterns in infant-directed Japanese and Italian corpora to support this claim. PMID:18241850

Gervain, Judit; Nespor, Marina; Mazuka, Reiko; Horie, Ryota; Mehler, Jacques

2008-08-01

445

Acoustic and perceptual similarity of Japanese and American English vowels.  

PubMed

Acoustic and perceptual similarities between Japanese and American English (AE) vowels were investigated in two studies. In study 1, a series of discriminant analyses were performed to determine acoustic similarities between Japanese and AE vowels, each spoken by four native male speakers using F1, F2, and vocalic duration as input parameters. In study 2, the Japanese vowels were presented to native AE listeners in a perceptual assimilation task, in which the listeners categorized each Japanese vowel token as most similar to an AE category and rated its goodness as an exemplar of the chosen AE category. Results showed that the majority of AE listeners assimilated all Japanese vowels into long AE categories, apparently ignoring temporal differences between 1- and 2-mora Japanese vowels. In addition, not all perceptual assimilation patterns reflected context-specific spectral similarity patterns established by discriminant analysis. It was hypothesized that this incongruity between acoustic and perceptual similarity may be due to differences in distributional characteristics of native and non-native vowel categories that affect the listeners' perceptual judgments. PMID:18647000

Nishi, Kanae; Strange, Winifred; Akahane-Yamada, Reiko; Kubo, Rieko; Trent-Brown, Sonja A

2008-07-01

446

Studies of arteriosclerosis in japanese and american men  

PubMed Central

The proportions of fatty acids in lipids of subcutaneous adipose tissue was compared in closely age-matched, urban men from two populations with a great difference in mortality from arteriosclerosis, namely in 50 Americans and 56 Japanese aged 15-65 yr who had died suddenly and unexpectedly. Specimens from both groups were analyzed side by side for fatty acids by gas-liquid chromatography. Compared with Japanese, Americans had significantly (P<0.01) higher proportions of lauric (+ 0.2%), myristic (+ 0.4%), palmitic (+ 1.4%), stearic (+ 2.2%), and oleic (+ 5.3%) and lesser of palmitoleic (- 1.8%), linoleic (-6.3%), and linolenic (-0.4%) acids. Japanese had higher proportions of longer chain polyunsaturated fatty acids. The distributions of fatty acids for the groups at ages 35-44 yr had significant differences. With age, Americans showed significant increases of palmitic and oleic acids and decreases of lauric, myristic, stearic, and linoleic acids; Japanese showed no correlations of proportions of fatty acids with age. The significant correlations between per cent standard body weight and fatty acids in Americans were positive for palmitic and negative for lauric and stearic acids, and in Japanese, negative for myristic acid. The patterns of interacid correlations were dissimilar for the groups. These patterns may be stable characteristics of these groups providing further insight into their fatty acid metabolism. The relationships with the fatty acid compositions of the American and Japanese diets are discussed. PMID:5794253

Insull, William; Lang, P. Dieter; Hsi, Bartholomew P.; Yoshimura, Saburo

1969-01-01

447

Mountain Building  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site offers several sets of questions for students to answer about where mountain ranges are located and why they are where they are. Many of the questions have links to more information and/or images. Questions address the role of plate tectonics in the process of mountain building. A computer isn't necessary to answer the questions, but is highly recommended so that the students can use the links provided. These questions require some prior knowledge of the content.

448

Bridge Building  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a quick activity (on page 2 of the PDF) about how the arrangement of carbon atoms determines carbon's different properties. Learners will build bridges with Post-It notes that model two types of carbon molecules, graphite and carbon nanotubes, and test which structure of the same material can bear the weight of the most pennies. Also relates to linked video, DragonflyTV Nano: Hockey Sticks.

Twin Cities Public Television, Inc.

2008-01-01

449

Mountain Building  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is part of a series of lessons in a continuing study of change. It is designed to give students hands-on experience manipulating and controlling the variables involved in the process of soil erosion. They will be able to identify variables that influence rates of change and use group consensus to design and build what they believe to be the strongest mountain possible.

1998-01-01

450

Building Bridges  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students build bridges from arithmetical to algebraic thinking by exploring problems that are not limited to single-solution responses. Values organized into tables and graphs are used to move toward symbolic representations. Problem situations at the middle school level involve linear, quadratic, and exponential models. The site is valuable not only for its problems for students but also for the teaching strategy illustrated here.

Roger Day

2000-01-01

451

Intelligent buildings.  

PubMed

The maturing of technologies in computer capabilities, particularly direct digital signals, has provided an exciting variety of new communication and facility control opportunities. These include telecommunications, energy management systems, security systems, office automation systems, local area networks, and video conferencing. New applications are developing continuously. The so-called "intelligent" or "smart" building concept evolves from the development of this advanced technology in building environments. Automation has had a dramatic effect on facility planning. For decades, communications were limited to the telephone, the typewritten message, and copy machines. The office itself and its functions had been essentially unchanged for decades. Office automation systems began to surface during the energy crisis and, although their newer technology was timely, they were, for the most part, designed separately from other new building systems. For example, most mainframe computer systems were originally stand-alone, as were word processing installations. In the last five years, the advances in distributive systems, networking, and personal computer capabilities have provided opportunities to make such dramatic improvements in productivity that the Selectric typewriter has gone from being the most advanced piece of office equipment to nearly total obsolescence. PMID:10282446

Williams, W E

1987-01-01

452

Japanese Vision of Commissioning Process and Asian View  

E-print Network

Building Services Commissioning Association, BSCA, has been established in Japan as an NPO in order to propagate the building commissioning, especially HVAC commissioning, process among building and building services construction and maintenance...

Nakahara, N.

2004-01-01

453

Midas: Fabricating Custom Capacitive Touch Sensors to Prototype Interactive Objects  

E-print Network

. While digital fabrication techniques such as 3D printing make it easier to prototype the shape of custom processes like 3D printing and CNC ma- chining make it easier to prototype the form of such products

California at Irvine, University of

454

Rapid prototyping in early stages of architectural design  

E-print Network

This thesis shows how architects can use Rapid Prototyping and what the advantages and disadvantages are in different manipulations of the tool. Chapter two attempts to chart a road map of the rapid prototyping media. The ...

Simondetti, Alvise

1997-01-01

455

The impact of climate on Japanese encephalitis  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY The aim of this study was to assess the change of seasonal pattern of Japanese encephalitis (JE) cases in the post-vaccination period and to elucidate whether the lagged climate variables (precipitation and temperature) were associated with occurrence of JE after adjustment for seasonal pattern, time trend, geographic areas, pig density, vaccination coverage rate for humans, and time dependence of time-series numbers of JE cases. A total of 287 confirmed JE cases between 1991 and 2005 were collected, together with monthly data on socio-ecological archival data including climate, pig density and vaccination. A time-series generalized autoregressive Poisson regression model was used to achieve the objectives. The rate of JE increased from 1998 onwards. The seasonal pattern on occurrence of JE cases clustered between May and August during the period from 1991 to 2005 in Taiwan. In each geographic area, monitoring temperature and precipitation, two possible proxy variables for mosquito density, in conjunction with seasonal factors and pig density is of assistance in forecasting JE epidemics. PMID:17767793

HSU, S. M.; YEN, A. M. F.; CHEN, T. H. H.

2008-01-01

456

Fluconazole therapy for coccidioidomycosis in Japanese macaques.  

PubMed

The South Texas Primate Observatory is the home of more than 200 Japanese snow macaque monkeys and of a small number of vervets. The colony was established to study social behavior in monkey families; consequently, animals range freely over more than 59 acres. During the past 6 years, there have been six documented cases of coccidioidomycosis. In addition, there have been six probable cases and five possible cases. Disease was progressive in all monkeys and was characterized by cough, wasting, and the appearance of draining cutaneous abscesses. Untreated, monkeys usually died within several months. Fourteen monkeys were treated with oral fluconazole; eight improved rapidly, and the others had no response. Four of the monkeys that improved relapsed quickly after fluconazole treatment was interrupted. Two monkeys showed initial improvement, relapsed when fluconazole treatment was interrupted, and again improved when fluconazole treatment was resumed. The present studies suggest that fluconazole may be effective treatment in primates with coccidioidomycosis and that euthanasia is no longer necessary. However, prolonged treatment is necessary, and relapses may occur. PMID:2330486

Graybill, J R; Griffith, L; Sun, S H

1990-01-01

457

Collagenous colitis in a Japanese patient.  

PubMed

A case of collagenous colitis is reported. A 48 year old female who had been complaining of mild diarrhea had been under medication for a gastric ulcer. Colonoscopy revealed almost normal appearance of the colonic mucosa except for one hyperplastic polyp of the cecum. Specimens of the ascending, transverse and descending colon showed a distinctively thickened collagen band beneath the surface epithelium, 10-20 microns thick, which was irregularly distributed, even within the same specimen. In some areas, the thickened collagen band was found around the upper part of the pits. Periodic acid-Schiff (PAS), Azan staining and silver impregnation were positive for this thickened collagen band. Immunohistochemically, the thickened collagen band was weakly positive for collagen type III, but negative for collagen types I and IV. Plasma cells, lymphocytes and eosinophils were observed in the lamina propria in addition to intraepithelial lymphocytic infiltration. Capillaries were increased in the thickened collagen band. The arrangement of surface epithelial cells was irregular. Crypts were not distorted. Edema, diffuse or extensive fibrosis and congestion were not found. Through these findings the patient was diagnosed as having collagenous colitis. Many cases of this had been reported in western countries, but very few in Japan. The Japanese literature was reviewed for cases of collagenous colitis and it was found that only two cases had been presented. PMID:10846572

Narita, T; Akiyama, M

1996-03-01

458

An overview of Japanese CELSS research activities.  

PubMed

Many research activities regarding Controlled Ecological Life Support System (CELSS) have been conducted and continued all over the world since the 1960's and the concept of CELSS is now changing from Science Fiction to Scientific Reality. Development of CELSS technology is inevitable for future long duration stays of human beings in space, for lunar base construction and for manned mars flight programs. CELSS functions can be divided into two categories, Environment Control and Material Recycling. Temperature, humidity, total atmospheric pressure and partial pressure of oxygen and carbon dioxide, necessary for all living things, are to be controlled by the environment control function. This function can be performed by technologies already developed and used as the Environment Control Life Support System (ECLSS) of Space Shuttle and Space Station. As for material recycling, matured technologies have not yet been established for fully satisfying the specific metabolic requirements of each living thing including human beings. Therefore, research activities for establishing CELSS technology should be focused on material recycling technologies using biological systems such as plants and animals and physico-chemical systems, for example, a gas recycling system, a water purifying and recycling system and a waste management system. Based on these considerations, Japanese research activities have been conducted and will be continued under the tentative guideline of CELSS research activities as shown in documents /1/, /2/. The status of the over all activities are discussed in this paper. PMID:11537279

Nitta, K

1987-01-01

459

An overview of Japanese CELSS research activities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many research activities regarding Controlled Ecological Life Support System (CELSS) have been conducted and continued all over the world since the 1960's and the concept of CELSS is now changing from Science Fiction to Scientific Reality. Development of CELSS technology is inevitable for future long duration stays of human beings in space, for lunar base construction and for manned mars flight programs. CELSS functions can be divided into two categories, Environment Control and Material Recycling. Temperature, humidity, total atmospheric pressure and partial pressure of oxygen and carbon dioxide, necessary for all living things, are to be controlled by the environment control function. This function can be performed by technologies already developed and used as the Environment Control Life Support System (ECLSS) of Space Shuttle and Space Station. As for material recycling, matured technologies have not yet been established for fully satisfying the specific metabolic requirements of each living thing including human beings. Therefore, research activities for establishing CELSS technology should be focused on material recycling technologies using biological systems such as plants and animals and physico-chemical systems, for example, a gas recycling system, a water purifying and recycling system and a waste management system. Based on these considerations, Japanese research activities have been conducted and will be continued under the tentative guideline of CELSS research activities as shown in documents /1/,/2/. The status of the over all activities are discussed in this paper.

Nitta, Keiji

460

Evaluation of the ALMA Prototype Antennas  

E-print Network

The ALMA North American and European prototype antennas have been evaluated by a variety of measurement systems to quantify the major performance specifications. Nearfield holography was used to set the reflector surfaces to 17 microns RMS. Pointing and fast switching performance was determined with an optical telescope and by millimeter wavelength radiometry, yielding 2 arcsec absolute and 0.6 arcsec offset pointing accuracies. Path length stability was measured to be less than or approximately equal to 20 microns over 10 minute time periods using optical measurement devices. Dynamical performance was studied with a set of accelerometers, providing data on wind induced tracking errors and structural deformation. Considering all measurements made during this evaluation, both prototype antennas meet the major ALMA antenna performance specifications.

Jeffrey G. Mangum; Jacob W. M. Baars; Albert Greve; Robert Lucas; Ralph C. Snel; Patrick Wallace; Mark Holdaway

2006-09-12

461

SNS EXTRACTION KICKER POWER SUPPLY PROTOTYPE TEST  

SciTech Connect

The SNS (Spallation Neutron Source) accumulator ring Extraction System consists of a Fast kicker and a Lambertson Septum magnet. The proposed design will use 14 kicker magnets powered by an Extraction Kicker Power Supply System. They will eject the high power beam from the SNS accumulator ring into RTBT (Ring to Target Beam Tunnel) through a Lambertson Septum magnet. This paper describes some test results of the SNS Extraction Kicker power supply prototype. The high repetition rate of 60 pulse per second operation is the challenging part of the design. In the prototype testing, a 3 kA damp current of 700ns pulse-width, 200 nS rise time and 60 Hz repetition rate at 32 kV PFN operation voltage has been demonstrated. An Extraction kicker power supply system design diagram is depicted.

MI,J.L.; SANDBERG,J.; SANDERS,R.; SOUKAS,A.; ZHANG,W.

2000-06-27

462

Relatively Inexpensive Rapid Prototyping of Small Parts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Parts with complex three-dimensional shapes and with dimensions up to 8 by 8 by 10 in. (20.3 by 20.3 by 25.4 cm) can be made as unitary pieces of a room-temperature-curing polymer, with relatively little investment in time and money, by a process now in use at Johnson Space Center. The process is one of a growing number of processes and techniques that are known collectively as the art of rapid prototyping. The main advantages of this process over other rapid-prototyping processes are greater speed and lower cost: There is no need to make paper drawings and take them to a shop for fabrication, and thus no need for the attendant paperwork and organizational delays. Instead, molds for desired parts are made automatically on a machine that is guided by data from a computer-aided design (CAD) system and can reside in an engineering office.

Swan, Scott A.

2003-01-01

463

Z-1 Prototype Space Suit Testing Summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Advanced Space Suit team of the NASA-Johnson Space Center performed a series of test with the Z-1 prototype space suit in 2012. This paper discusses, at a summary level, the tests performed and results from those tests. The purpose of the tests were two -fold: 1) characterize the suit performance so that the data could be used in the downselection of components for the Z -2 Space Suit and 2) develop interfaces with the suitport and exploration vehicles through pressurized suit evaluations. Tests performed included isolated and functional range of motion data capture, Z-1 waist and hip testing, joint torque testing, CO2 washout testing, fit checks and subject familiarizations, an exploration vehicle aft deck and suitport controls interface evaluation, delta pressure suitport tests including pressurized suit don and doff, and gross mobility and suitport ingress and egress demonstrations in reduced gravity. Lessons learned specific to the Z -1 prototype and to suit testing techniques will be presented.

Ross, Amy J.

2012-01-01

464

The NASA Langley Mars Tumbleweed Rover Prototype  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mars Tumbleweed is a concept for an autonomous rover that would achieve mobility through use of the natural winds on Mars. The wind-blown nature of this vehicle make it an ideal platform for conducting random surveys of the surface, scouting for signs of past or present life as well as examining the potential habitability of sites for future human exploration. NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC) has been studying the dynamics, aerodynamics, and mission concepts of Tumbleweed rovers and has recently developed a prototype Mars Tumbleweed Rover for demonstrating mission concepts and science measurement techniques. This paper will provide an overview of the prototype design, instrumentation to be accommodated, preliminary test results, and plans for future development and testing of the vehicle.

Antol, Jeffrey; Chattin, Richard L.; Copeland, Benjamin M.; Krizann, Shawn A.

2005-01-01

465

Prototypical Consolidation Demonstration Project: Final report  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of the Prototypical Consolidation Demonstration Project, which was funded by the US Department of Energy`s Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management. The project had two objectives: (a) to develop and demonstrate a prototype of production-scale equipment for the dry, horizontal consolidation and packaging of spent nuclear fuel rods from commercial boiling water reactor and pressurized water reactor fuel assemblies, and (b) to report the development and demonstration results to the US Department of Energy, Idaho Operations Office. This report summarizes the activities and conclusions of the project management contractor, EG&G Idaho, Inc., and the fabrication and testing contractor, NUS Corporation (NUS). The report also presents EG&G Idaho`s assessments of the equipment and procedures developed by NUS.

Gili, J.A.; Poston, V.K.

1993-11-01

466

SIMS prototype system 4: Design data brochure  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A pre-package prototype unit having domestic hot water and room solar heating capability that uses air as the collector fluid is described. This system is designed to be used with a small single-family dwelling where a roof mounted collector array is not feasible. The prototype unit is an assemble containing 203 square feet of effective collector surface with 113 cubic feet of rock storage. The design of structure and storage is modular, which permits expansion and reduction of the collector array and storage bed in 68 square feet and 37 cubic feet increments respectively. The system is designed to be transportable. This permitted assemble and certification testing in one area and installation in another area without tear down and reassemble. Design, installation, operation, performance and maintenance of this system are described.

1978-01-01

467

A prototype expert system for fishway design.  

PubMed

The design of structures for fish passage in rivers and streams provides an opportunity to apply expert system concepts to a design problem. Fishways contribute to the sustainable development of water resources projects by providing a path that allows fish migrations to be maintained. A prototype expert system (FDES) has been developed to recommend the most suitable fishway type for given design conditions. A recommendation is provided on the basis of fishway hydraulics, fish passage performance, and cost requirements. Fishway design demands expertise in various scientific disciplines such as hydrology, hydraulics, and fish biology. Expert system technology may be used to reduce design time requirements and to serve as a teaching aid to inexperienced engineers by organizing and accessing the cumulative knowledge of the most experienced designers. The rule-based expert system development tool, VP-Expert, supplies the backward chaining control structure for accessing the knowledge within the prototype. PMID:24227094

Bender, M J; Katopodis, C; Simonovic, S P

1992-12-01

468

Interoperable, life-cycle tools for assuring building performance: An overview of a commercial building initiative  

SciTech Connect

A key impediment to improving the energy efficiency and reducing the environmental impact of buildings is the complexity and cost of managing information over the life cycle of a building. A surprisingly large fraction of the total cost of buildings is embodied in the decision making and information management process due to the structure of the building industry, the numerous people and companies involved in the process, the current nature of the building acquisition process, and the long time periods over which buildings operate once design and construction are completed. The authors suggest that new interoperable software tools could greatly facilitate and rationalize this complex process, thereby reducing time and cost, and greatly improving the habitability and environmental impact of these buildings. They describe a series of projects in which they are building and testing several prototype toolkits as part of a building life-cycle information system that will allow interoperable software tools to function more effectively throughout the design, construction, commissioning, and operations phases.

Selkowitz, S.; Piette, M.A.; Papamichael, K.; Sartor, D.; Hitchcock, R.; Olken, F.

1996-11-01

469

Metal Rapid Prototype Fabrication Using Selective Laser Cladding Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Non-metallic rapid prototyping has been successfully applied in several industries, but a metal rapid prototype is required\\u000a for functional prototypes and tooling applications. A metal rapid prototype fabricated using selective laser cladding is presented\\u000a in this paper. Laser cladding is one type of laser surface treatment process. During this process, an alloy is fused onto\\u000a the surface of a substrate.

J.-Y. Jeng; S.-C. Peng; C.-J. Chou

2000-01-01

470

Prototype Geologic Database and Users Guide  

SciTech Connect

The work described here is aimed at assembling a prototype database of raw geologic data typically used to identify and differentiate hydrologically significant lithostratigraphic units. The domain of the prototype database was focused on the T, TX, TY Tank farm area and the 216-Z-9 Trench area in 200 West Area and focused on ''orphan'' data that was not already captured in existing databases, as well as new data coming from core projects. A total of 86 boreholed-wells (78 in the T, TX, TY Tank Farm Area, and 8 in the immediate vicinity of 216-Z-9) are included in the initial prototype database. The prototype database currently consists as a series of Excel workbooks, one for each borehole/well, with multiple worksheets representing the different data tables. The number and complexity of the worksheets is dependent on the type and complexity of the data available for a given borehole. By far the most available data sets for these boreholes were as built drawings (pdf files), geophysical log data (internet links and/or depth specific numerical array), and/or ROCSAN data (particle-size, calcium-carbonate, and Folk/Wentworth Classification). Note that secondary data tables that required manual entry of data were completed only for the eight 216-Z-9 Trench boreholes. Note also, that data tables dealing with the sample, laboratory, and/or analytical information needed to qualify the data also have also not yet been completed, as this requires a greater level of effort than originally planned for this initial exercise.

FOGWELL, T.W.

2003-06-01

471

Mechanical Measurements of the ALMA Prototype Antennas  

E-print Network

The specifications of the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) have placed stringent requirements on the mechanical performance of its antennas. As part of the evaluation process of the VertexRSI and Alcatel EIE Consortium (AEC) ALMA prototype antennas, measurements of the path length, thermal, and azimuth bearing performance were made under a variety of weather conditions and observing modes. The results of mechanical measurements, reported here, are compared to the antenna specifications.

A. Greve; J. G. Mangum

2007-10-30

472

Test results of a prototype dielectric microcalorimeter  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The initial development work on a dielectric microcalorimeter is presented. It focuses on the dielectric properties of the ferroelectric material KTa(1-x)Nb(x)O3 (KTN). Measurements of the temperature dependent dielectric constant are given together with the first alpha particle detection results from a prototype composite microcalorimeter operating at 1.3 K. A nonthermal mechanism for detecting 6 MeV alpha particles in a monolithic KTN sample is also reported.

Pfafman, T. E.; Silver, E.; Labov, S.; Beeman, J.; Goulding, F.; Hansen, W.; Landis, D.; Madden, N.

1990-01-01

473

Development of Sensor Prototypes and Associated Electronics  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Technological improvements in fabrication of sensors and microfabrication processes have resulted in the development of high-resolution,\\u000a high-sensitivity, inexpensive, and low-power microsensors for industrial, medical, security, and environmental applications.\\u000a Ongoing research reveals the achievement of different sensor prototypes and smart electronics for monitoring or inspection\\u000a of various physical, biomedical, or chemical substances. Design and development of a smart sensor system necessitate

Syed Kamrul Islam; Mohammad Rafiqul Haider

474

NEST: a network simulation & prototyping testbed  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes Nest, a graphical environment for distributed networked systems simulation and rapid-prototyping. Nest users can develop and test distributed systems and protocols (from crude models to actual system code) within simulated network scenarios. Nest represents an environment-based approach to simulation. Users view Nest as an extension of their standard UnixTM environment. Nest offers the generality of language-based simulation

A. Dupuy; Jed Schwartz; Yechiam Yemini; David F. Bacon

1989-01-01

475

Rapid prototyping with CO 2 laser radiation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The one-step powder cladding of stainless steel by stellite with CO 2 laser radiation is investigated as a function of laser parameters (power density, beam geometry, mode of operation) and processing variables (scanning speed, powder feed, assisting gases) as a tool of production for rapid prototyping. The main emphasis is on the evaluation of the laser parameters and processing variables for the generation of arbitrary metallic geometries with respect to thickness, height, curvature and coverage of 3D structures.

Kreutz, E. W.; Backes, G.; Gasser, A.; Wissenbach, K.

1995-02-01

476

Prototype ultrasonic instrument for quantitative testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A prototype ultrasonic instrument has been designed and developed for quantitative testing. The complete delivered instrument consists of a pulser/receiver which plugs into a standard oscilloscope, an rf power amplifier, a standard decade oscillator, and a set of broadband transducers for typical use at 1, 2, 5 and 10 MHz. The system provides for its own calibration, and on the oscilloscope, presents a quantitative (digital) indication of time base and sensitivity scale factors and some measurement data.

Lynnworth, L. C.; Dubois, J. L.; Kranz, P. R.

1972-01-01

477

Electrocardiograph Building  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Building on concepts taught in the associated lesson, students learn about bioelectricity, electrical circuits and biology as they use deductive and analytical thinking skills in connection with an engineering education. Students interact with a rudimentary electrocardiograph circuit (made by the teacher) and examine the simplicity of the device. They get to see their own cardiac signals and test the device themselves. During the second part of the activity, a series of worksheets, students examine different EKG print-outs and look for irregularities, as is done for heart disease detection.

Biomedical Engineering,

478

AdaNET prototype library administration manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The functions of the AdaNET Prototype Library of Reusable Software Parts is described. Adopted from the Navy Research Laboratory's Reusability Guidebook (V.5.0), this is a working document, customized for use the the AdaNET Project. Within this document, the term part is used to denote the smallest unit controlled by a library and retrievable from it. A part may have several constituents, which may not be individually tracked. Presented are the types of parts which may be stored in the library and the relationships among those parts; a concept of trust indicators which provide measures of confidence that a user of a previously developed part may reasonably apply to a part for a new application; search and retrieval, configuration management, and communications among those who interact with the AdaNET Prototype Library; and the AdaNET Prototype, described from the perspective of its three major users: the part reuser and retriever, the part submitter, and the librarian and/or administrator.

Hanley, Lionel

1989-01-01

479

SOT: A rapid prototype using TAE windows  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of the window interface extension feature of the Transportable Applications Executive (TAE) is discussed. This feature is being used to prototype a space station payload interface in order to demonstrate and assess the benefits of using windows on a bit mapped display and also to convey the concept of telescience, the control and operation of space station payloads from remote sites. The prototype version of the TAE with windows operates on a DEC VAXstation 100. This workstation has a high resolution 19 inch bit mapped display, a keyboard and a three-button mouse. The VAXstation 100 is not a stand-alone workstation, but is controlled by software executing on a VAX/8600. A short scenario was developed utilizing the Solar Optical Telescope (SOT) as an example payload. In the scenario the end-user station includes the VAXstation 100 plus an image analysis terminal used to display the CCD images. The layout and use of the prototype elements, i.e., the root menu, payload status window, and target acquisition menu is described.

Stephens, Mark; Eike, David; Harris, Elfrieda; Miller, Dana

1986-01-01

480

Prototyping Cognitive Prosthetics for People with Dementia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the COGKNOW project, a cognitive prosthetic has been developed through the application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT)-based services to address the unmet needs and demands of persons with dementia. The primary aim of the developed solution was to offer guidance with conducting everyday activities for persons with dementia. To encourage a user-centred design process, a three-phased methodology was introduced to facilitate cyclical prototype development. At each phase, user input was used to guide the future development. As a prerequisite to the first phase of development, user requirements were gathered to identify a small set of functional requirements from which a number of services were identified. Following implementation of these initial services, the prototype was evaluated on a cohort of users and, through observing their experiences and recording their feedback, the design was refined and the prototype redeveloped to include a number of additional services in the second phase. The current chapter provides an overview of the services designed and developed in the first two phases.

Davies, Richard; Nugent, Chris D.; Donnelly, Mark

481

The AEI 10 m prototype interferometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A 10 m prototype interferometer facility is currently being set up at the AEI in Hannover, Germany. The prototype interferometer will be housed inside a 100 m3 ultra-high vacuum envelope. Seismically isolated optical tables inside the vacuum system will be interferometrically interconnected via a suspension platform interferometer. Advanced isolation techniques will be used, such as inverted pendulums and geometrical anti-spring filters in combination with multiple-cascaded pendulum suspensions, containing an all-silica monolithic last stage. The light source is a 35 W Nd:YAG laser, geometrically filtered by passing it through a photonic crystal fibre and a rigid pre-modecleaner cavity. Laser frequency stabilisation will be achieved with the aid of a high finesse suspended reference cavity in conjunction with a molecular iodine reference. Coating thermal noise will be reduced by the use of Khalili cavities as compound end mirrors. Data acquisition and control of the experiments is based on the AdvLIGO digital control and data system. The aim of the project is to test advanced techniques for GEO 600 as well as to conduct experiments in macroscopic quantum mechanics. Reaching standard quantum-limit sensitivity for an interferometer with 100 g mirrors and subsequently breaching this limit, features most prominently among these experiments. In this paper we present the layout and current status of the AEI 10 m Prototype Interferometer project.

Goßler, S.; Bertolini, A.; Born, M.; Chen, Y.; Dahl, K.; Gering, D.; Gräf, C.; Heinzel, G.; Hild, S.; Kawazoe, F.; Kranz, O.; Kühn, G.; Lück, H.; Mossavi, K.; Schnabel, R.; Somiya, K.; Strain, K. A.; Taylor, J. R.; Wanner, A.; Westphal, T.; Willke, B.; Danzmann, K.

2010-04-01

482

Design and Implementation of a Feedback Systems Web Laboratory Prototype  

E-print Network

Design and Implementation of a Feedback Systems Web Laboratory Prototype Gerardo Viedma N´u~nez AUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2 The WebLab System 7 2.1 The Feedback Systems WebLab Prototype . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 3 The Feedback Systems WebLab Prototype 13 3.1 Describing Experiments for the Feedback Systems Web

Dawson, Joel

483

Distributing Power Grid State Estimation on HPC Clusters A System Architecture Prototype  

SciTech Connect

The future power grid is expected to further expand with highly distributed energy sources and smart loads. The increased size and complexity lead to increased burden on existing computational resources in energy control centers. Thus the need to perform real-time assessment on such systems entails efficient means to distribute centralized functions such as state estimation in the power system. In this paper, we present our early prototype of a system architecture that connects distributed state estimators individually running parallel programs to solve non-linear estimation procedure. The prototype consists of a middleware and data processing toolkits that allows data exchange in the distributed state estimation. We build a test case based on the IEEE 118 bus system and partition the state estimation of the whole system model to available HPC clusters. The measurement from the testbed demonstrates the low overhead of our solution.

Liu, Yan; Jiang, Wei; Jin, Shuangshuang; Rice, Mark J.; Chen, Yousu

2012-08-20

484

Infant sleeping arrangements and cultural values among contemporary Japanese mothers  

PubMed Central

We examined infant sleeping arrangements and cultural values of Japanese mothers in 2008 and 2009. Based on Greenfield's theory of social change and human development, we predicted that social change in Japan over the last decades (higher economic and education level, urbanization, complex technology, more women in the work force) would lead to a decline in mother-infant co-sleeping, compared with published findings concerning Japanese sleeping arrangements in the 1960s and 1980s. We also predicted that the practice of having babies sleep in their own beds and/or own rooms would be supported by ethnotheories stressing infant independence and other values adaptive in an urban, technologically sophisticated, relatively wealthy, and highly educated populace. Fifty-one Japanese mothers' comments posted on Internet parenting forums were analyzed. Contrary to our hypothesis, co-sleeping was as frequent among Japanese mothers in 2008-2009 as it had been in the 1960s and 1980s. However, analysis of the values of co-sleeping mothers revealed frequent discrepancies between values and practices. In contrast, the minority of mothers whose babies slept alone in a separate room all expressed consonant values. Our qualitative analysis indicates that it is not always easy for Japanese mothers to construct values for child rearing and gender roles that integrate traditional infant care practices with current sociodemographic conditions. PMID:25191281

Shimizu, Mina; Park, Heejung; Greenfield, Patricia M.

2014-01-01

485

Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey - Office Buildings  

EIA Publications

Provides an in-depth look at this building type as reported in the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. Office buildings are the most common type of commercial building and they consumed more than 17% of all energy in the commercial buildings sector in 2003. This special report provides characteristics and energy consumption data by type of office building (e.g. administrative office, government office, medical office) and information on some of the types of equipment found in office buildings: heating and cooling equipment, computers, servers, printers, and photocopiers.

2010-01-01

486

21F.501 / 21F.551 / 21F.571 Japanese I, Fall 2009  

E-print Network

This course covers Japanese: The Spoken Language Lessons 1 through 6, providing opportunities to acquire basic skills for conversation, reading and writing. The program emphasizes active command of Japanese, not passive ...

Nagaya, Yoshimi

487

Comparisons of harmony and rhythm of Japanese and English through signal processing  

E-print Network

Japanese and English speech structures are different in terms of harmony, rhythm, and frequency of sound. Voice samples of 5 native speakers of English and Japanese were collected and analyzed through fast Fourier transform, ...

Nakano, Aiko

2009-01-01

488

Nippon Foundation Book Donation Collection Century Japanese Management: New Systems, Lasting Values  

E-print Network

Mahan to Pearl Harbor: The Imperial Japanese Navy and the United States From Marco Polo Bridge to Pearl Harbor: Who Was Responsible? Gender and Development: The Japanese Experience in Comparative Perspective

Kulp, Mark

489

Dependency reordering features for Japanese-English phrase-based translation  

E-print Network

Translating Japanese into English is very challenging because of the vast difference in word order between the two languages. For example, the main verb is always at the very end of a Japanese sentence, whereas it comes ...

Katz-Brown, Jason Edward

2008-01-01

490

When the Foreign is not Exotic: Ceramics at Colorado’s WWII Japanese Internment Camp  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a During World War II, the United States government interned approximately 120,000 Japanese and Japanese Americans in relocation\\u000a camps. Archaeological survey at Amache, Colorado, reveals that in this time and place where Japanese identity was under siege,\\u000a Japanese ceramics were very common. Their presence is all the more notable given the limitations on personal goods internees\\u000a were allowed to bring to

Stephanie A. Skiles; Bonnie J. Clark

491

Comparison of cephalometric norms between Japanese and Caucasian adults in antero-posterior and vertical dimension  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The aims of this study were to determine Japanese cephalometric norms in the antero-posterior and vertical dimension, and to test the hypothesis that there are racial differences in cephalometric measurements between Japanese and Caucasian norms. Radiographs were obtained from 25 healthy Japanese males (aged 25.1 ± 2.7 years) and 24 healthy Japanese females (aged 23.6 ± 1.3 years). Inclusion

Hideki Ioi; Shunsuke Nakata; Akihiko Nakasima; Amy L. Counts

2007-01-01

492

Advanced Envelope Research for Factory Built Housing, Phase 3 -- Whole-House Prototyping  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Envelope Research effort will provide factory homebuilders with high performance, cost-effective envelope designs that can be effectively integrated into the plant production process while meeting the thermal requirements of the 2012 IECC standards. Given the affordable nature of manufactured homes, impact on first cost is a major consideration in developing new envelope technologies. This work is part of a multi-phase effort. Phase 1 identified seven envelope technologies and provided a preliminary assessment of three methods for building high performance walls. Phase 2 focused on developing viable product designs, manufacturing strategies, addressing code and structural issues, and cost analysis of the three selected options. An industry advisory committee helped narrow the research focus to perfecting a stud wall design with exterior continuous insulation (CI). Phase 3, completed in two stages, continued the design development effort, exploring and evaluating a range or methods for applying CI to factory built homes. The scope also included material selection, manufacturing and cost analysis, and prototyping and testing. During this phase, a home was built with CI, evaluated, and placed in service. The experience of building a mock up wall section with CI and then constructing on line a prototype home resolved important concerns about how to integrate the material into the production process. First steps were taken toward finding least expensive approaches for incorporating CI in standard factory building practices and a preliminary assessment suggested that even at this early stage the technology is attractive when viewed from a life cycle cost perspective.

Levy, E.; Mullens, M.; Rath, P.

2014-04-01

493

Evaluation of Affordable Prototype Houses at Two Levels of Energy Efficiency  

SciTech Connect

Two high performance prototype houses were built in Carbondale, Colorado, as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America (BA) Program. Each prototype was a 1256 ft2 (117 m2), 1-story, 3-bedroom house, and met the local requirements for affordable housing. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) performed short-term field testing and DOE-2.2 simulations in support of this project at the end of December 2004. We also installed long-term monitoring equipment in one of the houses, and are currently tracking the performance of key building systems under occupied conditions. One of the houses (designated H1) included a package of cost-effective energy efficiency features that placed it well above the Energy Star level, targeting a Home Energy Rating System (HERS) score of 88-89. The other (designated H2) was a BA research house, targeting a HERS score of 94-95, and 45% whole-house energy savings compared to the BA Benchmark. Preliminary results from the field evaluation indicate that the energy savings for both houses will exceed the design targets established for the project, although the performance of certain building systems, including the ventilation and foundation systems, leave some room for improvement.

Hendron, R.; Barker, G.; Hancock, E.; Reeves, P.

2006-10-01

494

Distinct Characteristics in Japanese Dermatitis Herpetiformis: A Review of All 91 Japanese Patients over the Last 35 Years  

PubMed Central

We reviewed all 91 Japanese dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) patients reported over the last 35 years. The male-to-female ratio was 2?:?1. The mean age at onset was 43.8, and 13 years earlier for female patients. More than half of these Japanese DH patients showed granular IgA deposition in the papillary dermis, and another one-third showed fibrillar IgA deposition. The male patients with granular IgA deposition were 10 years older than those with fibrillar deposition. Whereas patients with granular IgA deposition showed typical distribution of the skin lesions, the predilection sites of DH tended to be spared in patients with fibrillar IgA deposition. Only 3 patients had definite gluten-sensitive enteropathy. There was a statistical difference in the frequency of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR9 between the granular group and controls among Japanese. No patients had HLA-DQ2 or -DQ8, which is frequently found in Caucasian DH patients. The absence of HLA-DQ2/DQ8, the inability to identify celiac disease in most cases, the predominance of fibrillar IgA, and the unusual distribution of clinical lesions in Japanese patients suggest that Japanese DH may be a subset of DH patients and have a pathogenesis which is different from that currently proposed in Caucasian DH patients. PMID:22778765

Ohata, Chika; Ishii, Norito; Hamada, Takahiro; Shimomura, Yutaka; Niizeki, Hironori; Dainichi, Teruki; Furumura, Minao; Tsuruta, Daisuke; Hashimoto, Takashi

2012-01-01

495

Energy impacts of recycling disassembly material in residential buildings.  

SciTech Connect

In order to stop the global warmth due to the CO2 concentration, the energy use should be decreased. The investment of building construction industry in Japan is about 20 percent of GDP. This fraction is much higher than in most developed countries. That results the Japanese building construction industry including residential use consumes about one third of all energy and resources of the entire industrial sectors. In order to save energy as well as resource, the recycle of the building materials should be urgent to be carried out. In this paper, we focus on the potential energy savings with a simple calculated method when the building materials or products are manufactured from recycled materials. We examined three kinds of residential buildings with different construction techniques and estimated the decreased amount of energy consumption and resources resulting from use of recycled materials. The results have shown for most building materials, the energy consumption needed to remake housing materials from recycled materials is lower than that to make new housing materials. The energy consumption of building materials in all case-study housing can be saved by at least 10 percent. At the same time, the resource, measured by mass of building materials (kg) can be decreased by over 50 percent.

Gao, Weijun; Ariyama, Takahiro; Ojima, Toshio; Meier, Alan

2000-02-01

496

Materials performance in prototype Thermal Cycling Absorption Process (TCAP) columns  

SciTech Connect

Two prototype Thermal Cycling Absorption Process (TCAP) columns have been metallurgically examined after retirement, to determine the causes of failure and to evaluate the performance of the column container materials in this application. Leaking of the fluid heating and cooling subsystems caused retirement of both TCAP columns, not leaking of the main hydrogen-containing column. The aluminum block design TCAP column (ABL block TCAP) used in the Advanced Hydride Laboratory, Building 773-A, failed in one nitrogen inlet tube that was crimped during fabrication, which lead to fatigue crack growth in the tube and subsequent leaking of nitrogen from this tube. The Third Generation stainless steel design TCAP column (Third generation TCAP), operated in 773-A room C-061, failed in a braze joint between the freon heating and cooling tubes (made of copper) and the main stainless steel column. In both cases, stresses from thermal cycling and local constraint likely caused the nucleation and growth of fatigue cracks. No materials compatibility problems between palladium coated kieselguhr (the material contained in the TCAP column) and either aluminum or stainless steel column materials were observed. The aluminum-stainless steel transition junction appeared to be unaffected by service in the AHL block TCAP. Also, no evidence of cracking was observed in the AHL block TCAP in a location expected to experience the highest thermal shock fatigue in this design. It is important to limit thermal stresses caused by constraint in hydride systems designed to work by temperature variation, such as hydride storage beds and TCAP columns.

Clark, E.A.

1992-11-21

497

Materials performance in prototype Thermal Cycling Absorption Process (TCAP) columns  

SciTech Connect

Two prototype Thermal Cycling Absorption Process (TCAP) columns have been metallurgically examined after retirement, to determine the causes of failure and to evaluate the performance of the column container materials in this application. Leaking of the fluid heating and cooling subsystems caused retirement of both TCAP columns, not leaking of the main hydrogen-containing column. The aluminum block design TCAP column (AHL block TCAP) used in the Advanced Hydride Laboratory, Building 773-A, failed in one nitrogen inlet tube that was crimped during fabrication, which lead to fatigue crack growth in the tube and subsequent leaking of nitrogen from this tube. The Third Generation stainless steel design TCAP column (Third generation TCAP), operated in 773-A room C-061, failed in a braze joint between the freon heating and cooling tubes (made of copper) and the main stainless steel column. In both cases, stresses from thermal cycling and local constraint likely caused the nucleation and growth of fatigue cracks. No materials compatibility problems between palladium coated kieselguhr (the material contained in the TCAP column) and either aluminum or stainless steel column materials were observed. The aluminum-stainless steel transition junction appeared to be unaffected by service in the AHL block TCAP. Also, no evidence of cracking was observed in the AHL block TCAP in a location expected to experience the highest thermal shock fatigue in this design. It is important to limit thermal stresses caused by constraint in hydride systems designed to work by temperature variation, such as hydride storage beds and TCAP columns.

Clark, E.A.

1992-11-21

498

First results with prototype ISIS devices for ILC vertex detector  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The vertex detectors at the International Linear Collider (ILC) (there will be two of them, one for each of two general purpose detectors) will certainly be built with silicon pixel detectors, either monolithic or perhaps vertically integrated. However, beyond this general statement, there is a wide range of options supported by active R&D programmes all over the world. Pixel-based vertex detectors build on the experience at the SLAC large detector (SLD) operating at the SLAC linear collider (SLC), where a 307 Mpixel detector permitted the highest physics performance at LEP or SLC. For ILC, machine conditions demand much faster readout than at SLC, something like 20 time slices during the 1 ms bunch train. The approach of the image sensor with in-situ storage (ISIS) is unique in offering this capability while avoiding the undesirable requirement of 'pulsed power'. First results from a prototype device that approaches the pixel size of 20 ?m square, needed for physics, are reported. The dimensional challenge is met by using a 0.18 ?m imaging CMOS process, instead of a conventional CCD process.

Damerell, C.; Zhang, Z.; Gao, R.; John John, Jaya; Li, Y.; Nomerotski, A.; Holland, A.; Seabroke, G.; Havranek, M.; Stefanov, K.; Kar-Roy, A.; Bell, R.; Burt, D.; Pool, P.

2010-12-01

499

THE JAPANESE AMERICAN IN THE LOS ANGELES COMMUNITY--COMMUNITY INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN, NO. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

JAPANESE-AMERICANS HAVE HAD A HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF DIFFICULTY WITHIN CALIFORNIA. EARLY DISCRIMINATORY LEGISLATION AGAINST JAPANESE-AMERICANS HAD FORCED THEM INTO THEIR OWN COMMUNITY AND THUS HAD FORCED THEM TO RETAIN THEIR CULTURE. WORLD WAR II RELOCATION OF THE JAPANESE-AMERICANS HAD CAUSED UPHEAVAL IN FAMILY AND COMMUNITY LIVING. THESE…

KUMAMOTO, ALAN

500

Japanese College Students' Attitudes towards Japan English and American English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated contemporary Japanese college students' attitudes towards Japan English (JE) and American English (AE) through a verbal guise test (VGT) as well as a questionnaire. Forty-four Japanese college students listened to four Japanese and four North Americans reading a text in English, rated them in terms of…

Sasayama, Shoko

2013-01-01