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1

An Optimization and Assessment on DG adoption in JapanesePrototype Buildings  

SciTech Connect

This research investigates a method of choosing economicallyoptimal DER, expanding on prior studies at the Berkeley Lab using the DERdesign optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources CustomerAdoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds the optimal combination ofinstalled equipment from available DER technologies, given prevailingutility tariffs, site electrical and thermal loads, and a menu ofavailable equipment. It provides a global optimization, albeit idealized,that shows how the site energy load scan be served at minimum cost byselection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, andcooling. Five prototype Japanese commercial buildings are examined andDER-CAM applied to select thee conomically optimal DER system for each.The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sportsfacility. Based on the optimization results, energy and emissionreductions are evaluated. Furthermore, a Japan-U.S. comparison study ofpolicy, technology, and utility tariffs relevant to DER installation ispresented. Significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbon emissions,and energy costs were seen in the DER-CAM results. Savings were mostnoticeable in the sports facility, followed by the hospital, hotel, andoffice building.

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida,Masaru

2005-11-30

2

A Prototype toward Japanese Virtual Observatory (JVO)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We developed the first prototype toward a Japanese Virtual Observatory (JVO) by using the Globus Tool Kit 2 (GTK2). We found that the system worked as we had expected, including the functionality of JVO Query Language. However, it took a very long to initiate each Grid process. Thus we replaced the GTK2 with a tool distributed by NSF Middleware Initiative, and shortened the polling interval of the job-manager from 30 seconds to 3 seconds. As a result, the serious problem was partially resolved, and the elapsed time for a query reduced to about half of the previous one.

Ohishi, M.; Mizumoto, Y.; Yasuda, N.; Shirasaki, Y.; Tanaka, M.; Honda, S.; Masunaga, Y.; Miura, K.; Monzen, H.; Kawarai, K.; Ishihara, Y.; Yamaguchi, Y.; Yanaka, H.

2004-07-01

3

Japanese Virtual Observatory (JVO) Prototype 2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe the architecture of the Japanese Virtual Observatory (JVO) prototype system version 2. JVO aims at seamless access to astronomical data archives stored in distributed data servers as well as data analysis environment. For this purpose, it is important to establish a framework for access to remote servers, including remote procedure calls (RPCs) and data transfer. A data request for distributed database is described in the JVO Query Language. The JVO system parses the query language and decomposes it into individual remote procedures, such as the retrieval of catalog images and spectra, cross matching, and workflow generation. Based on this workflow, remote procedures are called. For RPCs of JVO prototype system 1, we employed Globus toolkit 2 (GT2). However, latency time of GT2 RPCs was too long for successive short-time jobs. Therefore, we employed Globus toolkit 3 (GT3) for JVO prototype system 2. As a result, we find that Grid Service in GT3 improves performance of RPC. In addition to Grid Service, Reliable File Transfer (RFT) is used for efficient data transfer. Astronomical data stored in distributed servers are discovered through a registry server which provides metadata discussed in the IVOA registry working group and is built using a XML database.

Tanaka, M.; Shirasaki, Y.; Honda, S.; Mizumoto, Y.; Ohishi, M.; Yasuda, N.; Masunaga, Y.; Ishihara, Y.; Abe, K.; Tsutsumi, J.; Nakamoto, H.; Kobayashi, Y.; Yoshida, T.; Morita, Y.

2005-12-01

4

Development of the Japanese Virtual Observatory (JVO) prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Japanese Virtual Observatory (JVO) project has been conducted by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ). JVO aims at providing easy access to federated astronomical databases (especially SUBARU, Nobeyama and ALMA) and data analysis environment using the Grid technology. We defined JVOQL (JVO Query Language) for efficient retrieval of astronomical data from a federated database. We then constructed the first version of the JVO prototype in order to study technical feasibility including functionality of JVOQL, remote operations using Globus toolkit. The prototype consists of several components as follows: JVO portal to accept users' requests described in JVOQL, JVO Controller to parse them into individual query requests, and distributed database servers containing Suprime-Cam data of the Subaru telescope and 2MASS data. We confirmed that this prototype actually worked to access to a federated database. We construct the second version of the JVO prototype system to improve usability, which includes new user interfaces, efficient remote operations, and introduction of analysis tools. In the course of this, Grid service and XML database is employed. In this presentation we describe its design and structure of the new JVO prototype system.

Tanaka, Masahiro; Mizumoto, Yoshihiko; Ohishi, Masatoshi; Shirasaki, Yuji; Honda, Satoshi; Yasuda, Naoki; Masunaga, Yoshifumi; Ishihara, Yasuhide; Abe, Katsumi; Tsutsumi, Jumpei; Nakamoto, Hiroyuki; Kobayashi, Yuusuke; Yoshida, Tokuo; Morita, Yasuhiro

2004-09-01

5

Building of a Prototype Steering Magnet.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report deals with the building of a prototype magnet. The magnet is completely symmetrical, and consists of 4 identical pieces of iron, 167 x 80 x 15 mm each. Magnetic flux density for 4 different magnet coils is given. Information is also given on th...

J. L. Conradie J. C. Cornell

1983-01-01

6

Building a parabolic solar concentrator prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to not further degrade the environment, people have been seeking to replace non-renewable natural resources such as fossil fuels by developing technologies that are based on renewable resources. An example of these technologies is solar energy. In this paper, we show the building and test of a solar parabolic concentrator as a prototype for the production of steam that can be coupled to a turbine to generate electricity or a steam engine in any particular industrial process.

Escobar-Romero, J. F. M.; Montiel, S. Vázquez y.; Granados-Agustín, F.; Cruz-Martínez, V. M.; Rodríguez-Rivera, E.; Martínez-Yáñez, L.

2011-01-01

7

Assessment of Distributed Generation Potential in JapaneseBuildings  

SciTech Connect

To meet growing energy demands, energy efficiency, renewable energy, and on-site generation coupled with effective utilization of exhaust heat will all be required. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems (or microgrids). This research investigates a method of choosing economically optimal DER, expanding on prior studies at the Berkeley Lab using the DER design optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds the optimal combination of installed equipment from available DER technologies, given prevailing utility tariffs, site electrical and thermal loads, and a menu of available equipment. It provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the site energy loads can be served at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, and cooling. Five prototype Japanese commercial buildings are examined and DER-CAM applied to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Based on the optimization results, energy and emission reductions are evaluated. Furthermore, a Japan-U.S. comparison study of policy, technology, and utility tariffs relevant to DER installation is presented. Significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbon emissions, and energy costs were seen in the DER-CAM results. Savings were most noticeable in the sports facility (a very favourable CHP site), followed by the hospital, hotel, and office building.

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida,Masaru

2005-05-25

8

Knowledge-building activity structures in Japanese elementary science pedagogy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to refine Japanese elementary science activity structures by using a CSCL approach to transform\\u000a the classroom into a knowledge-building community. We report design studies on two science lessons in two consecutive years\\u000a and describe the progressive refinement of the activity structures. Through comparisons of student activities on- and off-line,\\u000a it was found that the

Jun Oshima; Ritsuko Oshima; Isao Murayama; Shigenori Inagaki; Makiko Takenaka; Tomokazu Yamamoto; Etsuji Yamaguchi; Hayashi Nakayama

2006-01-01

9

Building a prototype for network measurement virtual observatory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online sharing of scientific information has accelerated the research activity in various dierent domains of science. This fact inspires us to initiate this kind of approach in the field of network research and review some projects pointing towards this direction. Using the experiences of similar eorts in other domains of sciences we are building a prototype node for Network Measurement

Peter Matray; István Csabai; Péter Hága; József Steger; Laszlo Dobos; Gábor Vattay

2007-01-01

10

Western and Japanese Discourse Style in a Consensus-Building Task Discussion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study analyzes discourse style differences between western and Japanese interlocutors in a group consensus-building task discussion. Four discussants (American male, Japanese male, German female and Japanese female) first created a ranking of 5 life values and then participated in a group discussion to arrive at a common group ranking.…

Hirabayashi, Haruma; Long, Christopher

2011-01-01

11

Development of a prototype self-configuring building block  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper presents the concept and construction of a prototype self-configuring building block for potential application in smart dynamic structure. The design contains several modular self-configuring blocks with integrated controllers, gear trains, extending arms and magnetic latches. The structure could be reconfigured via the connection and disconnection of magnetic latch between the modules. Through the coordination of the individual cubes themselves, the entire structure can reassemble via pushing and pulling the individual components into almost any desired shape. Information as to the current location or the next necessary movement could be passed from cube to cube by a physical connection between the cubes or remotely through broadcast signals. To provide the hardware strategy, we present the mechanical design of the self-configure modules and their latch mechanism of Halbach array. In the end, we will discuss our proposed application in dynamic building structure and storage management.

Lin, Hung-Yu; Tsui, Chi-Leung; Wu, Wen-Jong; Wang, Wei-Chih

2011-03-01

12

Procedural Modeling for Rapid-Prototyping of Multiple Building Phases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

RomeLab is a multidisciplinary working group at UCLA that uses the city of Rome as a laboratory for the exploration of research approaches and dissemination practices centered on the intersection of space and time in antiquity. In this paper we present a multiplatform workflow for the rapid-prototyping of historical cityscapes through the use of geographic information systems, procedural modeling, and interactive game development. Our workflow begins by aggregating archaeological data in a GIS database. Next, 3D building models are generated from the ArcMap shapefiles in Esri CityEngine using procedural modeling techniques. A GIS-based terrain model is also adjusted in CityEngine to fit the building elevations. Finally, the terrain and city models are combined in Unity, a game engine which we used to produce web-based interactive environments which are linked to the GIS data using keyhole markup language (KML). The goal of our workflow is to demonstrate that knowledge generated within a first-person virtual world experience can inform the evaluation of data derived from textual and archaeological sources, and vice versa.

Saldana, M.; Johanson, C.

2013-02-01

13

Mechanical characteristics of aged Hinoki wood from Japanese historical buildings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wood is present in many cultural heritage objects in Japan thanks to its capacity to resist over a long period of time. However, the evolution of its properties in regular use remains insufficiently known. The present study on the effect of wood aging takes advantage of the Japanese context where building traditions have been maintained for centuries. 3-point bending tests were performed in longitudinal (L) and radial (R) directions on small clear wood specimens cut from 8 historical samples and one modern reference considered of high quality by craftsmen. Although aged wood appeared more rigid and stronger than recent wood, after density and humidity corrections were applied no significant variation of L and R rigidity or L strength was observed. The post-linear behaviour, however, was drastically influenced by wood age especially in R direction where the strength and rupture energy decreased markedly with the time elapsed since the wood was processed. Well preserved aged wood considered as safe as long as it is not loaded perpendicular to grain. To cite this article: M. Yokoyama et al., C. R. Physique 10 (2009).

Yokoyama, Misao; Gril, Joseph; Matsuo, Miyuki; Yano, Hiroyuki; Sugiyama, Junji; Clair, Bruno; Kubodera, Sigeru; Mistutani, Takumi; Sakamoto, Minoru; Ozaki, Hiromasa; Imamura, Mineo; Kawai, Shuichi

2009-09-01

14

Building the 4 Processor SB-PRAM Prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

The SB-PRAM is a massively parallel, uniform memory access (UMA) shared memory computer. The main ideas of the design are multithreading on instruction level, hashing of the address space, and combining in the butterfly net- work. We have built a first research prototype with 4 physi- cal processors, thus 128 virtual processors, to demonstrate the feasibility of the concept. The

Peter Bach; Michael Braun; Arno Formella; Jörg Friedrich; Thomas Griin; Cédric Lichtenau

1997-01-01

15

LiDAR SIGNATURES TO UPDATE JAPANESE BUILDING INVENTORY DATABASE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developing an efficient method to quickly update the building inventory database of dense urban areas is our focus of interest. Disaster mitigation requires an up-to-date and reliable building inventory database for damage assessment. However, it has been slowly updated through conventional procedure comprising the compiling aerial photographs, manually or semi- automatic updating GIS database and manually inputting attributes from submitted

Tuong Thuy VU; Masashi MATSUOKA; Fumio YAMAZAKI

2004-01-01

16

C-band linac in SCSS prototype accelerator of the Japanese X-FEL project  

Microsoft Academic Search

C-band (5712-MHz) linac is used as the main accelerator of the Japanese X-ray free electron laser (XFEL) facility in SPring-8. Since the C-band linac has high acceleration gradient, our 8-GeV accelerator is compact. One C-band unit consists of following components; two choke-mode-type 1.8-m accelerating structures, an rf pulse compressor, a 50-MW klystron, and a 110-MW compact modulator power supply. We

T. Inagaki; T. Shintake; K. Shirasawa; H. Matsumoto; H. Baba; S. Miura; A. Miura

2007-01-01

17

Prototype application for web 3D routing in building  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Current routing systems in GIS software mostly provide routes that allow the users to navigate between source and destination points in 2 dimensions. This paper describes the development of a web-based 3D routing system for a university campus using Open Source Software (OSS) and Open Specifications (OS). The system uses the advantages of interoperability and allows the integration and extension of different system components. A data model is described and the process of creating the data model and the migration of the data stored in dxf architectural drawings to the data model are explained. The paper also discusses the architecture and the interaction of the different prototype components such as 3D viewer, database, and programming languages. Furthermore, it describes customized tools that were developed to provide the users a simple interface to interact with the system through a standard internet browser.

Ehlers, Manfred; Hijazi, Ihab

2009-09-01

18

Binary Encoded-Prototype Tree for Probabilistic Model Building GP  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, program evolution algorithms based on the estimation of distribution algorithm (EDA) have been proposed to improve search ability of genetic programming (GP) and to overcome GP-hard problems. One such method is the probabilistic prototype tree (PPT) based algorithm. The PPT based method explores the optimal tree structure by using the full tree whose number of child nodes is maximum among possible trees. This algorithm, however, suffers from problems arising from function nodes having different number of child nodes. These function nodes cause intron nodes, which do not affect the fitness function. Moreover, the function nodes having many child nodes increase the search space and the number of samples necessary for properly constructing the probabilistic model. In order to solve this problem, we propose binary encoding for PPT. In this article, we convert each function node to a subtree of binary nodes where the converted tree is correct in grammar. Our method reduces ineffectual search space, and the binary encoded tree is able to express the same tree structures as the original method. The effectiveness of the proposed method is demonstrated through the use of two computational experiments.

Yanase, Toshihiko; Hasegawa, Yoshihiko; Iba, Hitoshi

19

Building a Prototype of LHC Analysis Oriented Computing Centers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A Consortium between four LHC Computing Centers (Bari, Milano, Pisa and Trieste) has been formed in 2010 to prototype Analysis-oriented facilities for CMS data analysis, profiting from a grant from the Italian Ministry of Research. The Consortium aims to realize an ad-hoc infrastructure to ease the analysis activities on the huge data set collected at the LHC Collider. While “Tier2” Computing Centres, specialized in organized processing tasks like Monte Carlo simulation, are nowadays a well established concept, with years of running experience, site specialized towards end user chaotic analysis activities do not yet have a defacto standard implementation. In our effort, we focus on all the aspects that can make the analysis tasks easier for a physics user not expert in computing. On the storage side, we are experimenting on storage techniques allowing for remote data access and on storage optimization on the typical analysis access patterns. On the networking side, we are studying the differences between flat and tiered LAN architecture, also using virtual partitioning of the same physical networking for the different use patterns. Finally, on the user side, we are developing tools and instruments to allow for an exhaustive monitoring of their processes at the site, and for an efficient support system in case of problems. We will report about the results of the test executed on different subsystem and give a description of the layout of the infrastructure in place at the site participating to the consortium.

Bagliesi, G.; Boccali, T.; Della Ricca, G.; Donvito, G.; Paganoni, M.

2012-12-01

20

Association of sick building syndrome with neuropathy target esterase (NTE) activity in Japanese.  

PubMed

Sick building syndrome (SBS) is a set of several clinically recognizable symptoms reported by occupants of a building without a clear cause. Neuropathy target esterase (NTE) is a membrane bound serine esterase and its reaction with organophosphates (OPs) can lead to OP-induced delayed neuropathy (OPIDN) and nerve axon degeneration. The aim of our study was to determine whether there was a difference in NTE activity in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of Japanese patients with SBS and healthy controls and whether PNPLA6 (alias NTE) gene polymorphisms were associated with SBS. We found that the enzymatic activity of NTE was significantly higher (P < 0.0005) in SBS patients compared with controls. Moreover, population with an AA genotype of a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs480208, in intron 21 of the PNPLA6 gene strongly reduced the activity of NTE. Fifty-eight SNP markers within the PNPLA6 gene were tested for association in a case-control study of 188 affected individuals and 401 age-matched controls. Only one SNP, rs480208, was statistically different in genotype distribution (P = 0.005) and allele frequency (P = 0.006) between the cases and controls (uncorrected for testing multiple SNP sites), but these were not significant by multiple corrections. The findings of the association between the enzymatic activity of NTE and SBS in Japanese show for the first time that NTE activity might be involved with SBS. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Environ Toxicol, 2013. PMID:23418070

Matsuzaka, Yasunari; Ohkubo, Tomoichi; Kikuti, Yukie Y; Mizutani, Akiko; Tsuda, Michio; Aoyama, Yoshiko; Kakuta, Kazuhiko; Oka, Akira; Inoko, Hidetoshi; Sakabe, Kou; Ishikawa, Satoshi; Kulski, Jerzy K; Kimura, Minoru

2013-02-18

21

An Analysis of the DER Adoption Climate in Japan UsingOptimization Results for Prototype Buildings with U.S. Comparisons  

SciTech Connect

This research demonstrates economically optimal distributedenergy resource (DER) system choice using the DER choice and operationsoptimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer AdoptionModel (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds the optimal combination of installedequipment given prevailing utility tariffs and fuel prices, siteelectrical and thermal loads (including absorption cooling), and a menuof available equipment. It provides a global optimization, albeitidealized, that shows how site useful energy loads can be served atminimum cost. Five prototype Japanese commercial buildings are examinedand DER-CAM is applied to select the economically optimal DER system foreach. Based on the optimization results, energy and emission reductionsare evaluated. Significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbonemissions, and energy costs were seen in the DER-CAM results. Savingswere most noticeable in the prototype sports facility, followed by thehospital, hotel, and office building. Results show that DER with combinedheat and power equipment is a promising efficiency and carbon mitigationstrategy, but that precise system design is necessary. Furthermore, aJapan-U.S. comparison study of policy, technology, and utility tariffsrelevant to DER installation is presented.

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida,Masaru

2006-06-16

22

Building a prototype of a Martian base in Poland, an architectural design overview and progress report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This talk focuses on recent advances in the construction of a prototype 1000 m2 Martian out-post for 8 inhabitants. The architectural design for such a Martian base has been presented previously on COSPAR 2008, the presentation being entitled ,,Architectural design proposal for a Martian base to continue NASA Mars Design Reference Mission". The presentation was welcomed with warm interest by various institutions, some of which offered help in building a prototype such as providing the building site or funding. This year's oral presentation will focus on a progress report and will briefly describe the architectural design. The architectural design is inspired by terrestrial pneumatic architecture. It has small volume, can be easily transported and provides a large habitable space. An architectural solution analo-gous to a terrestrial house with a studio and a workshop was assumed. The spatial placement of the following zones was carefully considered: residential, agricultural and science, as well as garage and workshop. Further attention was paid to transportation routes and a control and communications center. The issues of a life support system, energy, food, water and waste recycling were also discussed. This Martian base was designed to be crewed by a team of eight people to stay on Mars for at least one and a half year. An Open Plan architectural solution was assumed, with a high level of modularity. Walls of standardized sizes with zip-fasteners allow free rearrangement of the interior to adapt to a new situation. The prototype of such a Polish-origin Martian outpost will be used in a manner similar to MDRS or FMARS but to a larger extent. The prototype's design itself will be tested and corrected to achieve a design which can be used on Mars. The procedure of unfolding the pneumatic modules and floor leveling will be tested. The 1000 m2 interior will be used for various simulation exercises: socio-psychological testing, interior arrangement experiments, agricultural simulations, growing plants in Martian conditions and other kinds of tests. The presented prototype focuses on the ergonomic and psychological aspects of longer stay in a Martian environment. It provides the Martian crew with a comfortable habitable space larger than DRM modules. The practical proposal is to send this base to Mars in a DRM transpor-tation module after prototype testing is completed. The author hopes that this or other similar Martian base designs will help in establishing a permanent presence of humans on Mars.

Kozicki, Janek

23

Prototype house provides test case for energy-efficient systems: Mitchell Homes, Pensacola, Florida; Building America Project summary fact sheet  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Carbelle prototype house is a new design produced under the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America program. Working with other members of the Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings, Mitchell Homes developed the Carbelle as an energy-efficient upgrade to one of their standard models. By treating all design aspects of the house as a system and involving all stakeholders in

Hendron

2000-01-01

24

Key elements to successful rapid prototyping and building of a Michelson interferometer for space-based sensing applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Crosstrack Infrared Sounder (CrIS) is one of the sensors now under development for the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) program. In order to reduce program risk and verify instrument performance rapid prototyping of the sensor and critical subsystems has been utilized. Key among these was a prototype instrument and a prototype interferometer. This prototype instrument is referred to as the EDU1 (Engineering Development Unit). A second effort was the build of a prototype interferometer as a part of an internal ITT effort. This was an uncompensated version of the CrIS interferometer. This was referred to as the Aluminum Prototype Interferometer. The idea was to move rapidly to hardware while exploring new technologies. This was built in 4 months. There were key success factors for both efforts. A set of clear cardinal requirements was established. The layout and the cardinal requirements therefore provided a conceptual overview and a basis for deriving lower level requirements. These requirements remained basically unchanged throughout the effort. Vendors were closely worked with but; key to this was the GD&T dimensions and datum"s that were established. These enabled sub systems to be independently produced and "snapped together" to produce a final assembly in a minimum time. Essentially many of the critical optical alignments were built in to the individual parts so the subsequent shiming was not required. Electronics to control the porchswing and Dynamic Alignment Mechanism were developed in existing servo control test beds and designed to be FPGA based. This allowed a high degree of flexibility. Success was also based on continuity of the key engineering leadership and effective communications between the team and a clear understanding of the technical issues by the engineering leadership team.

Webb, Merritt; Cordray, David; Cronin, Shaun; Walker, Gary

2004-02-01

25

Building a prototype of a Martian base in Poland, an architectural design overview and progress report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This talk focuses on recent advances in the construction of a prototype 1000 m2 Martian out-post for 8 inhabitants. The architectural design for such a Martian base has been presented previously on COSPAR 2008, the presentation being entitled ,,Architectural design proposal for a Martian base to continue NASA Mars Design Reference Mission\\

Janek Kozicki

2010-01-01

26

Fire Safety Performance of Japanese Traditional Wood\\/Soil Walls and Implications for the Restoration of Historic Buildings in Urban Districts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Grass-root research activities to clarify fire safety performance of Japanese traditional wooden construction are introduced. The activities aim to resolve conflict between the restoration of historic buildings and the reduction of risk and hazard of urban fires. Among various activities, scope and results of fire resistance tests on traditional soil wall assemblies supported by timber frame are reported in detail.

Yuji Hasemi; Noboru Yasui; Michitaka Akizuki; Koichi Kinoshita; Koichi Yamamoto; Masatomo Yoshida; Yoshihide Tamura; Mariko Takeda

2002-01-01

27

Building a Prototype OpenGIS Demonstration from Interoperable GIS Components  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a A software testbed was constructed by reusing components developed for a previous demonstration and by adding new components.\\u000a These components were constructed using prototypes of software implementing early versions of the OpenGIS® Simple Features Specifications. The demonstration was presented at the Open GIS Consortium booth at GEObit in Leipzig, Germany\\u000a in May 1998. The original demonstration from October, 1997 and

Allan Doyle; Donald Dietrick; Jürgen Ebbinghaus; Peter Ladstätter

1999-01-01

28

The Construction of Two Prototype Multi-Storey Air-Supported Buildings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The design, construction, and operation of two university air supported buildings were treated as student projects, and were aimed at the development of planning, organizational, and constructional skills in the participating undergraduate students. (Author)

Pohl, Jens; Montero, James

1973-01-01

29

Prototype Development of a Spatial Information Management System for Large-Scale Buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new model of a management system for large-scale buildings that aims to deal with both static and dynamic spatial information. For this purpose, 3D CAD, 3D GIS and image processing are integrated. The geometrical information of a building is managed by GIS using a database built from 3D CAD. Also, the dynamic spatial information of a

Gwang-Gook Lee; Byeoung-su Kim; Kee-Hwan Ka; Hyoung-ki Kim; Ja-Young Yoon; Jae-Jun Kim; Whoi-Yul Kim

2008-01-01

30

Building and Calibration of a FAST Model of the SWAY Prototype Floating Wind Turbine: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Present efforts to verify and validate aero-hydro-servo-elastic numerical simulation tools that predict the dynamic response of a floating offshore wind turbine are primarily limited to code-to-code comparisons or code-to-data comparisons using data from wind-wave basin tests. In partnership with SWAY AS, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) installed scientific wind, wave, and motion measurement equipment on the 1/6.5th-scale prototype SWAY floating wind system to collect data to validate a FAST model of the SWAY design in an open-water condition. Nanyang Technological University (NTU), through a collaboration with NREL, assisted in this validation.

Koh, J. H.; Robertson, A.; Jonkman, J.; Driscoll, F.; Ng, E. Y. K.

2013-09-01

31

Building a Web-based drug ordering system for hospitals: from requirements engineering to prototyping.  

PubMed

Web-based drug ordering allows a growing number of hospitals without pharmacy to communicate seamlessly with their external pharmacy. Business process analysis and object oriented modelling performed together with the users at a pilot hospital resulted in a comprehensive picture of the user and business requirements for electronic drug ordering. The user requirements were further validated with the help of a software prototype. In order to capture the needs of a large number of users CAP10, a new method making use of pre-built models, is proposed. Solutions for coping with the technical requirements (interfacing the business software at the pharmacy) and with the legal requirements (signing the orders) are presented. PMID:11187627

Hübner, U; Klein, F; Hofstetter, J; Kammeyer, G; Seete, H

2000-01-01

32

Experimental Evaluation of a Device Prototype Based on Shape Memory Alloys for the Retrofit of Historical Buildings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Metallic tie-rods are currently used in many historical buildings for absorbing the out-of-plane horizontal forces of arches, vaults and roof trusses, despite they exhibit several limitations under service and seismic conditions. In this paper, a post-tensioned system based on the superelastic properties of Ni-Ti shape memory alloys is proposed for improving the structural performances of traditional metallic tie-rods. First, the thermal behavior under service conditions is investigated based on the results of numerical and experimental studies. Subsequently, the seismic performances under strong earthquakes are verified trough a number of shaking table tests on a 1:4-scale timber roof truss model. The outcomes of these studies fully confirm the achievement of the design objectives of the proposed prototype device.

Cardone, Donatello; Sofia, Salvatore

2012-12-01

33

Developing a Philippine Cancer Grid. Part 1: Building a Prototype for a Data Retrieval System for Breast Cancer Research Using Medical Ontologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the Philippines. Developed within the context of a Philippine Cancer Grid, the present study used web development technologies such as PHP, MySQL, and Apache server to build a prototype data retrieval system for breast cancer research that incorporates medical ontologies from the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS).

Andrei D. Coronel; Rafael P. Saldana

2010-01-01

34

The Digital Universe Coalition: Building a Prototype NVO E/PO Portal  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Virtual Observatory (NVO) holds tremendous potential for Education and Public Outreach (E/PO) opportunities. The possibilities for E/PO with the NVO, which promises to make widely available the great majority of the world's astronomical data, are too numerous for any one E/PO effort to ever hope to develop. Therefore, it is critical that the NVO E/PO program develop an infrastructure and tools flexible enough that any E/PO program can make use of it. In response to the recommendations of the NVO science definition team, UC Berkeley's SEGway program conducted needs assessment surveys of potential non-traditional (i.e. non-scientist) NVO user communities. The SEGway team wished to use the results of these surveys to design a demonstration website that could show some of the potential capabilities of NVO E/PO. SEGway established an informal partnership with STScI, AMNH/Hayden Planetarium, and ManyOne Network to explore how to assemble the infrastructure and tools for NVO E/PO and to construct a demonstration portal that makes use of NVO resources. We called this partnership The Digital Universe Coalition. This prototype displays AMNH/Hayden's Digital Universe star catalog of approximately 100,000 stars, based largely on HIPPARCOS parallaxes, in a virtual three-dimensional space. Three types of user-interactive data display and/or navigation are possible: an Earth-based view of the sky with the option of displaying constellations; a spaceship-based view moving through space; and a "god's-eye" view of the local neighborhood from an external vantage point. One key feature of this demo is the linking of user-selectable locations in the sky to the online Digitized Sky Survey data sets. A second feature is a set of links for educational content on a handful of selected objects. Both of these capabilities will be extended further as we plan to begin development of a much more robust and complete E/PO portal for the NVO.

Mendez, B.; Craig, N.; Haisch, B.; Lindblom, J.; Hanisch, R.; Summers, F.; Abbott, B.

2004-05-01

35

Estimates of Embodied Global Energy and Air-Emission Intensities of Japanese Products for Building a Japanese Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment Database with a Global System Boundary  

PubMed Central

To build a life cycle assessment (LCA) database of Japanese products embracing their global supply chains in a manner requiring lower time and labor burdens, this study estimates the intensity of embodied global environmental burden for commodities produced in Japan. The intensity of embodied global environmental burden is a measure of the environmental burden generated globally by unit production of the commodity and can be used as life cycle inventory data in LCA. The calculation employs an input–output LCA method with a global link input–output model that defines a global system boundary grounded in a simplified multiregional input–output framework. As results, the intensities of embodied global environmental burden for 406 Japanese commodities are determined in terms of energy consumption, greenhouse-gas emissions (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, perfluorocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons, sulfur hexafluoride, and their summation), and air-pollutant emissions (nitrogen oxide and sulfur oxide). The uncertainties in the intensities of embodied global environmental burden attributable to the simplified structure of the global link input–output model are quantified using Monte Carlo simulation. In addition, by analyzing the structure of the embodied global greenhouse-gas intensities we characterize Japanese commodities in the context of LCA embracing global supply chains.

2012-01-01

36

Estimates of embodied global energy and air-emission intensities of Japanese products for building a Japanese input-output life cycle assessment database with a global system boundary.  

PubMed

To build a life cycle assessment (LCA) database of Japanese products embracing their global supply chains in a manner requiring lower time and labor burdens, this study estimates the intensity of embodied global environmental burden for commodities produced in Japan. The intensity of embodied global environmental burden is a measure of the environmental burden generated globally by unit production of the commodity and can be used as life cycle inventory data in LCA. The calculation employs an input-output LCA method with a global link input-output model that defines a global system boundary grounded in a simplified multiregional input-output framework. As results, the intensities of embodied global environmental burden for 406 Japanese commodities are determined in terms of energy consumption, greenhouse-gas emissions (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, perfluorocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons, sulfur hexafluoride, and their summation), and air-pollutant emissions (nitrogen oxide and sulfur oxide). The uncertainties in the intensities of embodied global environmental burden attributable to the simplified structure of the global link input-output model are quantified using Monte Carlo simulation. In addition, by analyzing the structure of the embodied global greenhouse-gas intensities we characterize Japanese commodities in the context of LCA embracing global supply chains. PMID:22881452

Nansai, Keisuke; Kondo, Yasushi; Kagawa, Shigemi; Suh, Sangwon; Nakajima, Kenichi; Inaba, Rokuta; Tohno, Susumu

2012-08-21

37

Building foundations for molecular electronics: Growth of organic molecules on alkali halides as prototypical insulating substrates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The epitaxy and growth of a series of organic molecules deposited on insulating surfaces were investigated by noncontact atomic force microscopy (nc-AFM). The molecules studied, C60, 3,4,9,10-perylene tetracarboxylic dianhydride (PTCDA), 3,4,9,10-perylene tetracarboxlylic diimide (PTCDI), and copper (II) phthalocyanine (CuPc), were selected to investigate the effect of different molecular geometries, charge distributions and intermolecular interactions and as interesting candidates in molecular electronic applications. As it is known that the properties of molecules are influenced by their structural arrangements, an understanding of the interactions of molecules with substrates of interest as well as the dominant processes involved in growth are of great interest. Model insulating substrates KBr and NaCl were used for growth studies, due to the necessity of insulators in electrically isolating device regions. Dewetting processes were observed in several of these systems: C 60 on KBr and NaCl, PTCDA on NaCl and PTCDI on NaCl. The specific influences of de- wetting are discussed for each system, in particular the morphological impact of dewetting and the driving of dewetting by strained metastable monolayers. For C60 deposits, interesting branched structures are formed in the process of dewetting which are remarkably stable once formed, yet do not represent the equilibrium growth morphology. A determination of the large cell coincident epitaxy reveals a small, yet significant discrepancy between the observed overlayer and calculated stable adsorption sites indicating a dominance of the intermolecular interaction over the molecule---substrate interaction. For both PTCDA and PTCDI on NaCl, strained metastable monolayer epitaxies were observed giving rise to a transition in both interface structure and morphology: a dewetting transition. A comparison of the observed molecular scale structures and growth modalities is made in order to build a framework for understanding the prevalence of dewetting for molecules on ionic surfaces. Finally, in order to better understand the connection between molecular scale structures and interesting opto-electronic properties, the application of a hybrid-electrostatic characterization technique by nc-AFM is discussed. Using this technique, the opto-electrostatic response of three different PTCDA arrangements on a nanotemplated NaCl surface are shown to differ according to the degree of intermolecular interaction permitted by the structure.

Burke, Sarah A.

38

Japanese; Japanese Songs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This supplementary textbook for students of Japanese presents a collection of 43 songs--folk songs, nursery songs, lullabies, love songs, wedding songs, graduation songs, the national anthem, drinking songs, school songs, and Christmas carols. With the exception of the carols, the musical scores are presented with their Japanese lyrics. The…

Defense Language Inst., Washington, DC.

39

Developing a Philippine Cancer Grid. Part 1: Building a Prototype for a Data Retrieval System for Breast Cancer Research Using Medical Ontologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the Philippines. Developed within the context of a Philippine Cancer\\u000a Grid, the present study used web development technologies such as PHP, MySQL, and Apache server to build a prototype data\\u000a retrieval system for breast cancer research that incorporates medical ontologies from the Unified Medical Language System\\u000a (UMLS).

Andrei D. Coronel; Rafael P. Saldana

40

Building Language Blocks in L2 Japanese: Chunk Learning and the Development of Complexity and Fluency in Spoken Production  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study examined the development of complexity and fluency of second language (L2) spoken production among L2 learners who received extensive practice on grammatical chunks as constituent units of discourse. Twenty-two students enrolled in an elementary Japanese course at a U.S. university received classroom instruction on 40 grammatical…

Taguchi, Naoko

2008-01-01

41

Building Better Bones Researchers are advancing medical bone implant technology with rapid prototyping techniques and digitally designed zirconia molds  

Microsoft Academic Search

spects of rapid prototyping and ti- tanium casting have been com- bined in a system to produce tita- nium replicas of human bones. Although titanium is currently used for bone replacement, implants are simple geometric approximations of the bone shape. Mismatches between implants and real bone often cause stress con- centrations and result in premature implant failure. If more accurate

NICOLE HARLAN; REUBEN REYES; DAVID BOURELL

2000-01-01

42

Prototype Facility Educational Specifications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents prototypical educational specifications to guide the building and renovation of Idaho vocational schools so they can help communities meet the advanced, professional-technical programs of the future. The specifications start with points to consider when determining school site suitability. The document then sets forth…

Idaho State Div. of Professional-Technical Education, Boise.

43

Technical Japanese Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

University of Washington, Technical Japanese Program. Services related to the teaching of Technical Japanese, and a good selection of Japan-related resources. Programs offered: Inter-Engineering MSE in Technical Japanese (IMTJ) and Japanese Program for Professionals (JPP).

44

Rapid Prototyping Home Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource provides the latest developments in the fast paced field of rapid prototyping. What is rapid prototyping? Rapid prototyping takes virtual designs from computer aided design (CAD) or animation modeling software, transforms them into thin, virtual, horizontal cross-sections and then creates each cross-section in physical space, one after the next until the model is finished. It is a "WYSIWYG" process where the virtual model and the physical model correspond almost identically. With additive fabrication, the machine reads in data from a CAD drawing and lays down successive layers of liquid, powder, or sheet material, and in this way builds up the model from a series of cross sections. These layers, which correspond to the virtual cross section from the CAD model, are joined together or fused automatically to create the final shape. The primary advantage to additive fabrication is its ability to create almost any shape or geometric feature. This site has a great list of links.

2009-07-15

45

SMIILE Prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper the prototype of SMIILE tool (currently stands for: Software Metrics--Independent of Input LanguagE) will be described. Crucial characteristic of this tool is its independency of input programming language for supported software metrics. This characteristic is based on usage of newly introduced type of syntax trees--enriched Concrete Syntax Trees (eCST) for source code representation. MSCI: 68N30 Mathematical aspects of software engineering (specification, verification, metrics, requirements, etc.)

Raki?, Gordana; Budimac, Zoran

2011-09-01

46

Weighting Factors for the Commercial Building Prototypes Used in the Development of ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2010  

SciTech Connect

Detailed construction data from the McGraw Hill Construction Database was used to develop construction weights by climate zones for use with DOE Benchmark Buildings and for the ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 development. These construction weights were applied to energy savings estimates from simulation of the benchmark buildings to establish weighted national energy savings.

Jarnagin, Ronald E.; Bandyopadhyay, Gopal K.

2010-01-21

47

Electronic prototyping  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The potential benefits of automation in space are significant. The science base needed to support this automation not only will help control costs and reduce lead-time in the earth-based design and construction of space stations, but also will advance the nation's capability for computer design, simulation, testing, and debugging of sophisticated objects electronically. Progress in automation will require the ability to electronically represent, reason about, and manipulate objects. Discussed here is the development of representations, languages, editors, and model-driven simulation systems to support electronic prototyping. In particular, it identifies areas where basic research is needed before further progress can be made.

Hopcroft, J.

1987-01-01

48

Summary Scientific Performance of EUCLID Detector Prototypes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) plan to partner to build the EUCLID mission. EUCLID is a mission concept for studying the Dark Energy that is hypothesized to account for the accelerating cosmic expansion. For the past year, NASA has been building detector prototypes at Teledyne Imaging Sensors. This talk will summarize the measured scientific performance of these detector prototypes for astrophysical and cosmological applications.

Rauscher, Bernard J.

2011-01-01

49

Design Step 5: Construct a Prototype  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn about the manufacturing phase of the engineering design process. They start by building prototypes, which is a special type of model used to test new design ideas. Students gain experience using a variety of simple building materials, such as foam core board, balsa wood, cardstock and hot glue. They present their prototypes to the class for user testing and create prototype iterations based on feedback. (Note: Conduct this activity in the context of a design project that students are working on; this activity is Step 5 in a series of six that guide students through the engineering design loop.)

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

50

The Japanese Mind: Understanding Contemporary Japanese Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of essays offers an overview of contemporary Japanese culture, and can serve as a resource for classes studying Japan. The 28 essays offer an informative, accessible look at the values, attitudes, behavior patterns, and communication styles of modern Japan from the unique perspective of the Japanese people. Filled with examples…

Davies, Roger J., Ed.; Ikeno, Osamu, Ed.

51

Unaccusative Verbs in Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An approach to the study of numeral quantifiers in Japanese reveals some fundamental properties of Japanese, especially those pertaining to movement. Using numeral quantifiers, a demonstration shows that the subject of unaccusative verbs in Japanese originates in the object position and moves to the subject position at S-structure. It is also…

Miyagawa, Shigeru

52

Health Information in Japanese (???): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... ??? - ??? (Japanese) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations Female Exam and Pap Smear ??????????? - ??? (Japanese) Bilingual ... Japanese) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations Urine Sample -- Female (Clean Catch) ?????- ?? (???? ????) - ??? (Japanese) ...

53

CHANGES IN JAPANESE FOREIGN AID POLICY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main part of Japanese aid is directed to Asia and there has been a strong emphasis on economic infrastructure, that is building railways, roads and ports etc. Recently however there is a refocusing towards environmental aid and “softer” types of aid such as poverty alleviation and social infrastructure. ODA that used to be based on the request from the

Marie Söderberg

2002-01-01

54

The Student of Japanese History Vs. the Japanese Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students of Japanese history (graduate students with language competence seeking a career in Japanese studies, undergraduates studying the Japanese language, and non-linguist undergraduates and graduate students studying Japanese history for a variety of reasons) have to deal with the Japanese language in different ways. They should all, however,…

Buck, James H.

55

Considerations and selection of optimal orientation for different rapid prototyping systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability to evaluate and determine the best part building orientation for different rapid prototyping (RP) processes is important for building a satisfactory part\\/prototype within the limits of manufacturing time and building cost. It is also an essential step towards the identification of the most suitable RP process with a given RP application. This paper discusses the selection of building

F. Xu; H. T. Loh; Y. S. Wong

1999-01-01

56

Is Japanese Education the "Exception"?: Examining the Situated Articulation of Neo-Liberalism through the Analysis of Policy Keywords  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article builds on the author's earlier work, published in Vol. 28 No. 1 of this journal, that critiqued the Orientalist legacy in Anglo-American discussions of Japanese education. One of the manifestations of this legacy is the prevailing view among the Anglo-American observers of Japanese education that Japanese education is the "exception"…

Takayama, Keita

2009-01-01

57

Rapid prototype and test  

SciTech Connect

In order to support advanced manufacturing, Sandia has acquired the capability to produce plastic prototypes using stereolithography. Currently, these prototypes are used mainly to verify part geometry and ``fit and form`` checks. This project investigates methods for rapidly testing these plastic prototypes, and inferring from prototype test data actual metal part performance and behavior. Performances examined include static load/stress response, and structural dynamic (modal) and vibration behavior. The integration of advanced non-contacting measurement techniques including scanning laser velocimetry, laser holography, and thermoelasticity into testing of these prototypes is described. Photoelastic properties of the epoxy prototypes to reveal full field stress/strain fields are also explored.

Gregory, D.L.; Hansche, B.D.

1996-06-01

58

Japanese Elementary School Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the development of Japanese elementary education in the context of three periods of its history. Considers salient characteristics of Japanese elementary schools and teaching procedures; these include curriculum; social and moral education; classroom environment; teachers; afterschool classes; college entrance examinations; the kyoiku…

Stevenson, Harold W.

1991-01-01

59

Extensive Reading in Japanese  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses how we incorporated an extensive reading (ER) program into a second semester Japanese course at the University of Hawai'i using Japanese children's literature. After summarizing the ten principles of ER, we describe how we addressed six critical issues faced while introducing ER into the course. We also discuss the outcomes…

Hitosugi, Claire Ikumi; Day, Richard R.

2004-01-01

60

Incarcerating Japanese Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the history of the Japanese American incarceration during World War II. Focuses on issues such as Executive Order 9066, what happened to the Japanese Americans during the war, and the forms of resistance that occurred. Questions whether something like this could ever happen again. (CMK)

Daniels, Roger

2002-01-01

61

The Japanese American Story.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a view of the Japanese American experience from the time of their immigration to this country in the 1800s to their acculturation into American society in the 1970s. Topics dealt with include the prejudice and mistrust experienced by the Japanese immigrants in this country, particularly their evacuation and internment in…

Fukei, Budd

62

Suggestions on Japanese Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After commenting briefly on the current state of instructional materials available to students and teachers of Japanese at a college level, the paper underlines the need for materials that deal specifically with aspects of Japanese culture, and outlines suggestions for possible materials. Graded intermediate materials that stress particularly the…

Miller, Roy Andrew

63

Rapid Prototyping System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Rapid prototyping is pursued as a means to develop and validate functional specifications prior to extensive code development in a large system. This report details and analyzes a strategy for rapid prototyping emphasizing these capabilities (1) a specifi...

T. Welch

1986-01-01

64

INO prototype detector and data acquisition system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) collaboration is proposing to build a 50 kton magnetised iron calorimetric (ICAL) detector in an underground laboratory to be located in South India. Glass resistive plate chambers (RPCs) of about 2 m×2 m in size will be used as active elements for the ICAL detector. As a first step towards building the ICAL detector, a 35 ton prototype of the same is being set up over ground to track cosmic muons. Design and construction details of the prototype detector and its data acquisition system will be discussed. Some of the preliminary results from the detector stack will also be highlighted.

Behere, Anita; Bhatia, M. S.; Chandratre, V. B.; Datar, V. M.; Mukhopadhyay, P. K.; Jena, Satyajit; Viyogi, Y. P.; Bhattacharya, Sudeb; Saha, Satyajit; Bhide, Sarika; Kalmani, S. D.; Mondal, N. K.; Nagaraj, P.; Nagesh, B. K.; Rao, Shobha K.; Reddy, L. V.; Saraf, M.; Satyanarayana, B.; Shinde, R. R.; Upadhya, S. S.; Verma, P.; Biswas, Saikat; Chattopadhyay, Subhasish; Sarma, P. R.

2009-05-01

65

Preclinical and clinical development of YFV 17D-based chimeric vaccines against dengue, West Nile and Japanese encephalitis viruses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dengue viruses (DENV), West Nile virus (WNV) and Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) are major global health and growing medical problems. While a live-attenuated vaccine exists since decades against the prototype flavivirus, yellow fever virus (YFV), there is an urgent need for vaccines against dengue or West Nile diseases, and for improved vaccines against Japanese encephalitis. Live-attenuated chimeric viruses were constructed

Bruno Guy; Farshad Guirakhoo; Veronique Barban; Stephen Higgs; Thomas P. Monath; Jean Lang

2010-01-01

66

[Japanese encephalitis vaccine].  

PubMed

Japanese encephalitis is a mosquito-borne flaviviral infection, which has a wide distribution in Asian countries, including Japan. The clinical illness may manifest as a febrile headache syndrome, aseptic meningitis, or encephalitis with a number of cases of subclinical infection. Japanese encephalitis is a vaccine-preventable disease. The mouse brain derived inactivated vaccine was first developed in Japan in 1950s. In 2009, this original form was replaced by the Vero cell derived product. The results of clinical trial and post marketing investigation on the Vero cell derived inactivated vaccine showed good immunogenicity and safety profile. High immunization coverage should be encouraged to prevent people from Japanese encephalitis. PMID:21922756

Nakano, Takashi

2011-09-01

67

Cultural Awareness and Negotiation Skills Training: Evaluation of a Prototype Semi-Immersive System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The effectiveness of BiLAT, a game-based prototype for training negotiation skills in an Iraqi cultural setting, was assessed. The prototype aims to train deliberate preparation behaviors, trust- and relationship- building strategies, and familiarity with...

J. G. Wilkinson P. J. Durlach T. G. Wansbury

2008-01-01

68

The evolution of Japanese management: lessons for U.S. managers.  

PubMed

To find the key to the success of Japanese economic performance since World War II, Marsland and Beer explore five main "environmental" factors used by Japanese firms to build a successful human resources management approach: Japanese social values, the structure of private enterprise, the structure of labor markets, the historic development of the Japanese employment system, and the structure of Japanese management. This discussion shows that post-war Japanese management, faced with rapid change, introduced new concepts and techniques that reinforced and maintained certain social values and traditions that fit well with human resources management objectives. This skillful blend of new ideas with traditional values enabled the Japanese to achieve superior economic performance. PMID:10259590

Marsland, S; Beer, M

1983-01-01

69

Teaching the Japanese Copula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The traditional approach in teaching the Japanese copula is shown to be linguistically and pedagogically defective. An alternative analysis of -da and -desu and a practical method of presenting them is demonstrated. (HP)

Mills, David O.

1977-01-01

70

Japanese resource dependence  

SciTech Connect

This thesis is an examination of Japan's strategic resource dependence and her reliance of the three raw materials-rich regions of Southeast Asia (ASEAN), the Persian Gulf, and Southern Africa. A discussion of the Japanese formula for securing resources in the less developed countries of the 'South' is included along with a brief overview of her onshore resource utilization in business/industry. The roles of direct foreign investment, official development assistance, energy conservation, and Japanese multinationalization are discussed.

Sim, R.W.

1982-03-01

71

A Prototype Grammar Kit in Prolog.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a prototype of a computerized grammar kit written in PROLOG and designed for children interested in exploring language. PROLOG's advantages for building parsers, generators, translators, and question-answering systems are discussed, and a scenario of a child working on a grammar project using the kit and implementation issues are…

Kahn, Kenneth M.

1984-01-01

72

ReMail: a reinvented email prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Collaborative User Experience Research group has been investigating how people use email and how we might design and build a better email system. In this demonstration, we will show a prototype email client developed as part of a larger project on \\

Steven L. Rohall; Dan Gruen; Paul Moody; Martin Wattenberg; Mia Stern; Bernard Kerr; Bob Stachel; Kushal Dave; Robert Armes; Eric Wilcox

2004-01-01

73

Utilizing Rapid Prototyping for Architectural Modeling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper will discuss our approach to, success with and future direction in rapid prototyping for architectural modeling. The premise that this emerging technology has broad and exciting applications in the building design and construction industry will be supported by visual and physical evidence. This evidence will be presented in the form of…

Kirton, E. F.; Lavoie, S. D.

2006-01-01

74

Rapid Prototyping of an Intelligent Tutorial System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today there are few Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS) available that can teach outside a specialised domain. In the 90's, the hardware limitations of speed, memory capacity and cost are reducing, but the software still needs to be streamlined. We need to build tools that enable rapid prototyping of tutoring systems over a range of domains. We argue that such systems

Pamela J. Woods; James R. Warren

1995-01-01

75

LSST data pipeline prototyping plans and strategy  

SciTech Connect

In this document we describe our approach and strategy for building the prototype for the image-stream analysis data pipeline. We start by describing the main research areas upon which we will be focusing; we then describe our plans on how to carry these research ideas to implement the data pipeline.

Abdulla, G M; Brase, J; Cook, K; Miller, M

2004-05-27

76

Aerogel Cherenkov Detector Prototype Experiments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Studying the additional flavor degree of freedom in the H(e,e'K^+) and H(e,e'K^+) reactions allows for exceptional insight into the transition from hadronic to partonic degrees of freedom in exclusive processes, specifically the reaction mechanism underlying strangeness production. To carry out strangeness physics experiments, the Nuclear Physics Group at Catholic University of America is building an Aerogel Cherenkov detector to be used at Jefferson Lab. To study the detector performance a prototype was built and experiments were carried out using several component configurations. One important aspect of the prototype is the photocathode uniformity of the large diameter photomultiplier tube: its effect on the detector is best studied with the prototype using the aerogel material and reflective detector box for Cerenkov photons in diffusive reflections. Another important aspect of the detector performance, therefore, is the effect of different reflective materials for the detector box wall lining. In this presentation I will present the results from these tests of the effect of the photomultiplier tubes and reflective surfaces on overall detector performance, as well as the modeling of the detector in the GEANT4 framework.

Rothgeb, Laura

2012-10-01

77

Development and Analysis of Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioner Prototype  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the design of a desiccant enhanced evaporative air conditioner (DEVAP AC) prototype and the testing to prove its performance. Previous numerical modeling and building energy simulations indicate a DEVAP AC can save significant energy compared to a conventional vapor compression AC (Kozubal et al. 2011). The purposes of this research were to build DEVAP prototypes, test them to validate the numerical model, and identify potential commercialization barriers.

Kozubal, E.; Woods, J.; Judkoff, R.

2012-04-01

78

Technological Diversification of Japanese Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an approach for measuring industrial technological diversification behavior. Identifies sectoral patterns of Japanese industry as related to diversification behaviors. Delineates the mechanisms and effectiveness of Japanese corporate and government policies relevant to diversification. (ML)

Kodama, Fumio

1986-01-01

79

2. OVERALL VIEW OF GERMAN VILLAGE LOOKING SOUTHWEST TOWARD BUILDING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. OVERALL VIEW OF GERMAN VILLAGE LOOKING SOUTHWEST TOWARD BUILDING T-8100. BUNKER, BUILDING T-8104, IN FOREGROUND. - Dugway Proving Ground, German-Japanese Village, German Village, South of Stark Road, in WWII Incendiary Test Area, Dugway, Tooele County, UT

80

Japanese Advanced Meteorological Imager: an advanced GEO imager for Japan, East Asia, and the western Pacific  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Japanese Advanced Meteorological Imager (JAMI) introduces next generation technology geosynchronous earth orbit (GEO) imagers for operational meteorological remote sensing. Raytheon Santa Barbara Remote Sensing is building JAMI for Space Systems\\/Loral as the imager subsystem for Japan\\

Jeffery J. Puschell; Howard A. Lowe; James W. Jeter; Steven M. Kus; David Gilman; David L. Rogers; Roger L. Hoelter; Russ Ravella

2003-01-01

81

Japanese Ant Image Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 2003 revised edition of the Japanese Ant Image Database was developed under the direction of the Japanese Ant Database Group (JADG). The website, which merges taxonomic information and stunning photographs, will no doubt delight myrmecologists and others. Information about different types of ants can be accessed through browseable, hyperlinked lists organized by subfamily, genus, and species. Genus and species profiles include images, references, descriptive information, simple distribution maps, and more. The site includes a Japanese Ant Image Library with hundreds of quality images, and a smaller SEM Image Library as well. The site also offers sections with Type Specimens and Taxonomic Keys. Please note that the site has not been updated since 2003; there are future plans to revisit the project when updates and corrections become necessary.

82

UCSF Japanese Prints Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California at San Francisco has spent thirty years cultivating its collection of Japanese woodblock prints, and it has become an important part of the Library's East Asian Collection. The collection of 400 digitized prints concern Japanese health-related topics from the mid-19th century, and portray the gradual acceptance of Western medicine. Visitors can view the collection by theme or perform a search to find something more specific. The themes include "Contagious Diseases", which focuses on smallpox, measles and cholera, "Foreigners and Disease", which highlights the Japanese belief that foreigners carried diseases to Japan, and "Drug Advertisements". The "Drug Advertisements" are quite possibly the most beautiful drug ads in existence, and they feature elaborate images of drugs slaying disease, kabuki actors promoting a show sponsored by a children's medicine, Kindoru powder, and a detailed rendering of the interior of a drugstore, printed on a fan that was given out as a promotional item to advertise the business.

83

PRMS Data Warehousing Prototype  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Project and Resource Management System (PRMS) is a web-based, mid-level management tool developed at KSC to provide a unified enterprise framework for Project and Mission management. The addition of a data warehouse as a strategic component to the PRMS is investigated through the analysis design and implementation processes of a data warehouse prototype. As a proof of concept, a demonstration of the prototype with its OLAP's technology for multidimensional data analysis is made. The results of the data analysis and the design constraints are discussed. The prototype can be used to motivate interest and support for an operational data warehouse.

Guruvadoo, Eranna K.

2001-01-01

84

PRMS Data Warehousing Prototype  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Project and Resource Management System (PRMS) is a web-based, mid-level management tool developed at KSC to provide a unified enterprise framework for Project and Mission management. The addition of a data warehouse as a strategic component to the PRMS is investigated through the analysis, design and implementation processes of a data warehouse prototype. As a proof of concept, a demonstration of the prototype with its OLAP's technology for multidimensional data analysis is made. The results of the data analysis and the design constraints are discussed. The prototype can be used to motivate interest and support for an operational data warehouse.

Guruvadoo, Eranna K.

2002-01-01

85

Build a Toy Workshop  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Working as if they are engineers who work for (the hypothetical) Build-a-Toy Workshop company, students apply their imaginations and the engineering design process to design and build prototype toys with moving parts. They set up electric circuits using batteries, wire and motors. They create plans for project material expenses to meet a budget.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

86

An experimental Japanese\\/English interpreting video phone system  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we report on the architectural design issues and expe- riences gained while building and demonstrating an experimental interpreting video phone (IVP) system. The IVP system has been demonstrated in an internet home shopping simulation simultane- ously before live audiences in Japan and the U.S. An American shop assistant and a Japanese customer engaged in task-directed dialogues, using

Murat Karaorman; Ted H. Applebaum; Tatsuro Itoh; Mitsuru Endo; Yoshio Ohno; Masakatsu Hoshimi; Takahiro Kamai; Kenji Matsui; Kazue Hata; Steve Pearson; Jean-Claude Junqua

1996-01-01

87

Move F and ga/no Conversion in Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines Ga/No conversion in Japanese under the Move F theory of movement (Chomsky, 1995). Building on Miyagawa's (1993) analysis, argues that a genitive phrase raises out of a prenominal gapless clause in either overt or covert syntax. (Author/VWL)

Ochi, Masao

2001-01-01

88

Sunao (Cooperative) Children: How Japanese Teachers Nurture Autonomy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author discusses the Japanese cultural concept of sunao (perhaps best translated as one's honest, gentle, cooperative nature) in relation to early childhood education in Japan. She explains the cultural belief that during early childhood, children need to learn to connect with one another and build a willingness and capacity to live…

Izumi-Taylor, Satomi

2008-01-01

89

Japanese Experiences: "Hentai" Narratives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For those acquainted with Japanese lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) issues, "Queer Voices from Japan" can be good reading. But with only 1 of its 22 chapters informative for researchers, those interested in LGBT youth studies will only indirectly gain insight into a non-Western perspective on youth and sexuality.

Kama, Amit

2011-01-01

90

On Japanese Children's Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, given at a special meeting held in Tehran, presents data and facts concerning yearly publications (books, magazines, and textbooks), translations, and illustrations of Japanese children's literature. The report then discusses at length recent trends in children's literature and library activities for children in the past, present, and…

Watanare, Shigeo

91

Anthropometry of Japanese Pilot.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The results of an anthropometric survey of 239 pilots of the Japanese Air Self-Defense Force are presented. The survey took place in the spring of 1961 at five air bases located throughout Japan. Sixty-two body dimensions were measured on each subject by ...

M. Oshima N. Tobimatsu T. Fujimoto T. Mori T. Oguro

1965-01-01

92

Japanese Experiences: Hentai Narratives  

Microsoft Academic Search

For those acquainted with Japanese lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) issues, Queer Voices from Japan can be good reading. But with only 1 of its 22 chapters informative for researchers, those interested in LGBT youth studies will only indirectly gain insight into a non-Western perspective on youth and sexuality.

Amit Kama

2011-01-01

93

Designing for participation in local social ridesharing networks: grass roots prototyping of IT systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the possibility of a grass roots approach to engaging people in community change initiatives by designing simple interactive exploratory prototypes for use by communities over time that support shared action. The prototype is gradually evolved in response to community use, fragments of data gathered through the prototype, and participant feedback with the goal of building participation in

Margot Brereton; Sunil Ghelawat

2010-01-01

94

Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report, Reference Volume 2: Final residential and commercial building prototypes and DOE-2.1E developed UECs and EUIs; Part 3.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This section contains the detailed measured impact results and market segment data for each DSM case examined for this building type. A complete index of all base and measure cases defined for this building type is shown first. This index represents an ex...

1995-01-01

95

Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report, Reference Volume 2: Final residential and commercial building prototypes and DOE-2.1E developed UECs and EUIs; Part 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This section contains the detailed measured impact results and market segment data for each DSM case examined for this building type. A complete index of all base and measure cases defined for this building type is shown first. This index represents an ex...

1995-01-01

96

The AVO Prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Astrophysical Virtual Observatory (AVO) prototype is a suite of tools that serves as a testbed for scientific and technical use cases. For instance, it supports the Simple Image Access (SIA) protocol, hierarchical browsing based on the IDHA data model and fully exploits the potential of Unified Content Descriptors (UCD). Each of the software components of the AVO prototype is developed and maintained by a different team in a different country. All modules work stand-alone, but can be integrated. The AVO prototype consists of a browser backed by image and catalogue servers, a web service for the identification of sources in FITS images and a utility for analyzing the spectral energy distribution.

Quinn, P. J.; Allen, M.; Andrews, K.; Boch, T.; Bonnarel, F.; Derriere, S.; Dolensky, M.; Fernique, P.; Hill, M.; Leoni, M. C.; Linde, A.; Micol, A.; Pirenne, B.; Richards, A. M. S.; Schaaff, A.; Tissier, G.; Walton, N. A.; Wicenec, A.

2004-07-01

97

Japanese keiretsu : Past, present, future  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews major theoretical and empirical work on vertical and horizontal Japanese keiretsu. We first outline the history, characteristics, and strategic and performance implications of each type of business group.\\u000a We then discuss changes in the Japanese economy during the post-1992 Japanese economic decline and their implications for\\u000a the persistence and continued benefits of each form of inter-corporate grouping

Jean McGuire; Sandra Dow

2009-01-01

98

Cost Effective Prototyping  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This laboratory exercise seeks to develop a cost effective prototype development. The exercise has the potential of linking part design, CAD, mold development, quality control, metrology, mold flow, materials testing, fixture design, automation, limited parts production and other issues as related to plastics manufacturing.

Wickman, Jerry L.; Kundu, Nikhil K.

1996-01-01

99

The VERITAS Prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We give an up date on the status of the prototype telescope of the Very Energetic Radiation Imaging telescope Array System (VERITAS), a next-generation ? atmospheric imaging Cerenkov array currently under construction in southern Arizona. VERITAS will feature significant improvements over previous instruments, including better energy resolution, lower energy threshold, improved an-

Wakely, S. P.; Bond, I. H.; Boyle, P. J.; Bradbury, S. M.; Carter-Lewis, D.; Celik, O.; Cui, W.; Daniel, M.; D'Vali, M.; de la Calle Perez, I.; Duke, C.; Falcone, A.; Fegan, D. J.; Fegan, S. J.; Finley, J. P.; Fortson, L. F.; Gaidos, J.; Gammell, S.; Gibbs, K.; Gillanders, G. H.; Grube, J.; Hall, J.; Hall, T. A.; Hanna, D.; Hillas, A. M.; Holder, J.; Horan, D.; Jarvis, A.; Jordan, M.; Kenny, G. E.; Kertzman, M.; Kieda, D.; Kildea, J.; Knapp, J.; Kosack, K.; Krawczynski, H.; Krennrich, F.; Lang, M. J.; LeBohec, S.; Linton, E.; Lloyd-Evans, J.; Milovanovic, A.; Moriarty, P.; Muller, D.; Nagai, T.; Nolan, S.; Ong, R. A.; Pallassini, R.; Petry, D.; Power-Mooney, B.; Quinn, J.; Quinn, M.; Ragan, K.; Rebillot, P.; Reynolds, P. T.; Rose, H. J.; Schroedter, M.; Sembroski, G.; Swordy, S. P.; Syson, A.; Vassiliev, V. V.; Walker, G.; Weekes, T. C.; Zweerink, J.

2003-07-01

100

Provider workstation (PWS) prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Provider Workstation prototype integrates current computer technologies into an innovative, image-based tool which improves health care. Storage of both structured patient encounter information and a paper medical record image provides a rich data base supporting managed care and creates a unique living laboratory for developing the computer-based patient record.

Hoffman, Peter F.; George, Larry; Berberich, George L.; Thompson, David A.; Dollar, Dennis M.

1996-02-01

101

Prompt and Precise Prototyping  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

For Sanders Design International, Inc., of Wilton, New Hampshire, every passing second between the concept and realization of a product is essential to succeed in the rapid prototyping industry where amongst heavy competition, faster time-to-market means more business. To separate itself from its rivals, Sanders Design aligned with NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center to develop what it considers to be the most accurate rapid prototyping machine for fabrication of extremely precise tooling prototypes. The company's Rapid ToolMaker System has revolutionized production of high quality, small-to-medium sized prototype patterns and tooling molds with an exactness that surpasses that of computer numerically-controlled (CNC) machining devices. Created with funding and support from Marshall under a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract, the Rapid ToolMaker is a dual-use technology with applications in both commercial and military aerospace fields. The advanced technology provides cost savings in the design and manufacturing of automotive, electronic, and medical parts, as well as in other areas of consumer interest, such as jewelry and toys. For aerospace applications, the Rapid ToolMaker enables fabrication of high-quality turbine and compressor blades for jet engines on unmanned air vehicles, aircraft, and missiles.

2003-01-01

102

Rapid Prototyping in PVS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

PVSio is a conservative extension to the PVS prelude library that provides basic input/output capabilities to the PVS ground evaluator. It supports rapid prototyping in PVS by enhancing the specification language with built-in constructs for string manipulation, floating point arithmetic, and input/output operations.

Munoz, Cesar A.; Butler, Ricky (Technical Monitor)

2003-01-01

103

A prototype electronic encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a prototype electronic encyclopedia implemented on a powerful personal computer, in which user interface, media presentation, and knowledge representation techniques are applied to improving access to a knowledge resource. In itself, an electronic encyclopedia is an important information resource, but this work also illustrates the issues and approaches for many types of electronic information retrieval environments. In the

Stephen A. Weyer; Alan H. Borning

1985-01-01

104

Ground Systems Development Environment (GSDE) interface requirements and prototyping plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report describes the data collection and requirements analysis effort of the Ground System Development Environment (GSDE) Interface Requirements study. It identifies potential problems in the interfaces among applications and processors in the heterogeneous systems that comprises the GSDE. It describes possible strategies for addressing those problems. It also identifies areas for further research and prototyping to demonstrate the capabilities and feasibility of those strategies and defines a plan for building the necessary software prototypes.

Church, Victor E.; Philips, John; Bassman, Mitchell; Williams, C.

1990-01-01

105

Doshu Kanamaya: Contemporary Japanese Calligraphy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new online exhibition from the Huntington Archive (discussed in the June 30, 1998 Scout Report for Social Sciences) highlights the work of renowned Japanese calligrapher, Doshu Kanayama. The exhibition includes an introduction to Japanese calligraphy and Kanayama, as well as a selection of twenty calligraphic paintings with short descriptions. Future plans for the site include a collection of essays.

106

Asian Pacific Perspectives: Japanese Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These instructional materials on Japanese Americans for elementary students were developed through the K.E.Y.S. project (Knowledge of English Yields Success). Information is included on early immigrants, their historical and cultural background, and current problems of Japanese Americans. Resource guides describe the purpose of the unit, how to…

Los Angeles Unified School District, CA.

107

Difficulties Japanese Gay Youth Encounter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This feature is a collection of brief essays recently written by Japanese and Chinese gay youth, followed by commentary from several leading educators and scholars. Akihiko Komiya's "Difficulties Japanese Gay Youth Encounter" provides excerpts from the stories of six gay youth and their everyday lives, based on their letters in "Buddy", a magazine…

Komiya, Akihiko; Ofuji, Keiko

2003-01-01

108

Issei: Japanese Immigrants in Hawaii.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Coming to Hawaii before July 1, 1924, when the Japanese Exclusion Act became effective, the experiences of the Issei or first generation are described. Divided into four parts, this book examines the experiences of Japanese immigrants in Hawaii from 1885 through 1970. Part 1, "The Formation and Stabilization of the Issei Community," explores the…

Kimura, Yukiko

109

Determinants of Management Practices (Japanese)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the determinants of management practices by using an interview survey on organizational and human resource management of Japanese firms. We found that the management practices at foreign-owned firms tend to be of high quality. This suggests that promoting foreign direct investment in Japan helps Japanese firms improve management quality. In addition, management quality tends to be higher

ASABA Shigeru

2011-01-01

110

Virtual Japanese Rhinoceros Beetle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a 3D virtual reality image of the "Japanese Rhinoceros Beetle," or Allomyrina dichotoma (family Scarabaeidae, subfamily Dynastinae). Menu tools can be used to rotate and/or zoom in on the image. The clarity of the image is excellent, but gets slightly blurry when fully zoomed. This is a high quality resource for teaching, especially for topics involving insect morphology. The Cornell University "Beetle Science" home page (http://www.explore.cornell.edu/scene.cfm?scene=Beetle%20Science) has many more excellent resources for teachers and students. QuickTime 5.0 is required to view it, which possibly could limit users with older or public computers.

0002-11-30

111

Ignitor Prototype Construction Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The design solutions adopted for Ignitor have been validated by a comprehensive engineering R&D program. The prototype construction program has been conducted by the industrial Consortium CITIF (ANSALDO and FIAT, with ABB as the main subcontractor). The manufacturing of full size prototypes of the most important components of the machine as well as tests on the adopted materials and on critical component interfaces have been carried out and have provided all the information necessary to continue the construction of the machine with the necessary confidence. In particular, an extensive test program has been launched to identify the mechanical properties of the ETP cold rolled copper plates produced for the toroidal field magnet. Tests under combined compressive/shear loads to evaluate the copper-insulation bonding shear strength have given positive results.

Galas-So, G.; Lanzavecchia, L.; Dalmut, G.; Dra-Go, G.; Laurenti, A.; Marabotto, R.; Ghia, G.; Munaro, G.; Pirozzi, M.; Destefanis, L.; Andreani, R.; Crescenzi, C.; Cucchiaro, A.; Gasparotto, M.; Pizzuto, A.; Coppi, B.

1997-11-01

112

Stereolithography and Rapid Prototyping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stereolithography is a “rapid prototyping” or additive manufacturing process that has been used to fabricate 3D and high aspect\\u000a ratio microstructures for customized packaging of microfluidic devices and microsensors. Microstereolithography denotes a\\u000a collection of processes and technologies that can fabricate devices and packages with improved resolution, with features down\\u000a to 1 ?m in size. We show the feasibility of the

David W. Rosen

113

Wet chemistry instrument prototype  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A wet chemistry instrument prototype for detecting amino acids in planetary soil samples was developed. The importance of amino acids and their condensation products to the development of life forms is explained. The characteristics of the instrument and the tests which were conducted to determine the materials compatibility are described. Diagrams are provided to show the construction of the instrument. Data obtained from the performance tests are reported.

1974-01-01

114

Majorana Thermosyphon Prototype Experimental Setup.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the experimental setup of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR thermosyphon prototype cooling system. A nitrogen thermosyphon prototype of such a system has been built and tested at PNNL. This document present...

A. D. Guzman D. J. Reid J. T. Munley

2011-01-01

115

EURECA: a European-Japanese microcalorimeter array  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The EURECA (EURopean-JapanEse Calorimeter Array) project aims to demonstrate the science performance and technological readiness of an imaging X-ray spectrometer based on a micro-calorimeter array for application in future X-ray astronomy missions, like Constellation-X and XEUS. The prototype instrument consists of a 5 × 5 pixel array of TES-based micro-calorimeters read out by by two SQUID-amplifier channels using frequency-domain-multiplexing (FDM). The SQUID-amplifiers are linearized by digital base-band feedback. The detector array is cooled in a cryogenfree cryostat consisting of a pulse tube cooler and a two stage ADR. A European-Japanese consortium designs, fabricates, and tests this prototype instrument. This paper describes the instrument concept, and shows the design and status of the various sub-units, like the TES detector array, LC-filters, SQUID-amplifiers, AC-bias sources, digital electronics, etc. Initial tests of the system at the PTB beam line of the BESSY synchrotron showed stable performance and an X-ray energy resolution of 1.58 eV at 250 eV and 2.5 eV @ 5.9 keV for the read-out of one TES-pixel only. Next step is deployment of FDM to read-out the full array. Full performance demonstration is expected mid 2009.

de Korte, Piet A. J.; Anquita, Jose V.; Barcons, Xavier; Bastia, Paolo; Beyer, Joern; Briones, Fernando; Bruijn, Marcel; Bussons, Javier; Camón, Augustin; Carrera, F.; Ceballos, Maria Teresa; Colasanti, Luca; Dirks, Bob; Drung, Dietmar; Fabrega, Lourdes; Gatti, Flavio; Gonzalez-Arrabal, Raquel; Gottardi, Luciano; Hajdas, Wojtek; Helistö, Panu; den Herder, Jan-Willem; Hoevers, Henk; Ishisaki, Yoshitaka; Kiviranta, Mikko; van der Kuur, Jan; Macculi, Claudio; Mchedlishvili, Aliko; Mitsuda, Kazu; Paltani, Stéphane; Parra-Borderías, Maria; Piro, Luigi; Rohlfs, Reiner; Sese, Javier; Takei, Yoh; Torrioli, Guido; Yamasaki, Noriko

2008-08-01

116

EURECA: a European-Japanese microcalorimeter array  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The EURECA (EURopean-JapanEse Calorimeter Array) project aims to demonstrate the science performance and technological readiness of an imaging X-ray spectrometer based on a micro-calorimeter array for application in future X-ray astronomy missions, like Constellation-X and XEUS. The prototype instrument consists of a 5 × 5 pixel array of TES-based micro-calorimeters read out by by two SQUID-amplifier channels using frequency-domain-multiplexing (FDM). The SQUID-amplifiers are linearized by digital base-band feedback. The detector array is cooled in a cryogenfree cryostat consisting of a pulse tube cooler and a two stage ADR. A European-Japanese consortium designs, fabricates, and tests this prototype instrument. This paper describes the instrument concept, and shows the design and status of the various sub-units, like the TES detector array, LC-filters, SQUID-amplifiers, AC-bias sources, digital electronics, etc. Initial tests of the system at the PTB beam line of the BESSY synchrotron showed stable performance and an X-ray energy resolution of 1.58 eV at 250 eV and 2.5 eV @ 5.9 keV for the read-out of one TES-pixel only. Next step is deployment of FDM to read-out the full array. Full performance demonstration is expected mid 2009.

de Korte, Piet A. J.; Anquita, Jose V.; Barcons, Xavier; Bastia, Paolo; Beyer, Joern; Briones, Fernando; Bruijn, Marcel; Bussons, Javier; Camón, Augustin; Carrera, F.; Ceballos, Maite Teresa; Colasanti, Luca; Dirks, Bob; Drung, Dietmar; Fabrega, Lourdes; Gatti, Flavio; Gonzalez-Arrabal, Raquel; Gottardi, Luciano; Hajdas, Wojtek; Helistö, Panu; den Herder, Jan-Willem; Hoevers, Henk; Ishisaki, Yoshitaka; Kiviranta, Mikko; van der Kuur, Jan; Macculi, Claudio; Mchedlishvili, Aliko; Mitsuda, Kazu; Paltani, Stéphane; Parra-Borderías, Maria; Piro, Luigi; Rohlfs, Reiner; Sese, Javier; Takei, Yoh; Torrioli, Guido; Yamasaki, Noriko

2008-07-01

117

Ares I-X Ground Diagnostic Prototype  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The automation of pre-launch diagnostics for launch vehicles offers three potential benefits: improving safety, reducing cost, and reducing launch delays. The Ares I-X Ground Diagnostic Prototype demonstrated anomaly detection, fault detection, fault isolation, and diagnostics for the Ares I-X first-stage Thrust Vector Control and for the associated ground hydraulics while the vehicle was in the Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and while it was on the launch pad. The prototype combines three existing tools. The first tool, TEAMS (Testability Engineering and Maintenance System), is a model-based tool from Qualtech Systems Inc. for fault isolation and diagnostics. The second tool, SHINE (Spacecraft Health Inference Engine), is a rule-based expert system that was developed at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory. We developed SHINE rules for fault detection and mode identification, and used the outputs of SHINE as inputs to TEAMS. The third tool, IMS (Inductive Monitoring System), is an anomaly detection tool that was developed at NASA Ames Research Center. The three tools were integrated and deployed to KSC, where they were interfaced with live data. This paper describes how the prototype performed during the period of time before the launch, including accuracy and computer resource usage. The paper concludes with some of the lessons that we learned from the experience of developing and deploying the prototype.

Schwabacher, Mark A.; Martin, Rodney Alexander; Waterman, Robert D.; Oostdyk, Rebecca Lynn; Ossenfort, John P.; Matthews, Bryan

2010-01-01

118

Majorana Thermosyphon Prototype Experimental Setup  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the experimental setup of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR thermosyphon prototype cooling system. A nitrogen thermosyphon prototype of such a system has been built and tested at PNNL. This document presents the experimental setup of the prototype that successfully demonstrated the heat transfer performance of the system.

Reid, Douglas J.; Guzman, Anthony D.; Munley, John T.

2011-08-01

119

MITRE sensor layer prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The MITRE Sensor Layer Prototype is an initial design effort to enable every sensor to help create new capabilities through collaborative data sharing. By making both upstream (raw) and downstream (processed) sensor data visible, users can access the specific level, type, and quantities of data needed to create new data products that were never anticipated by the original designers of the individual sensors. The major characteristic that sets sensor data services apart from typical enterprise services is the volume (on the order of multiple terabytes) of raw data that can be generated by most sensors. Traditional tightly coupled processing approaches extract pre-determined information from the incoming raw sensor data, format it, and send it to predetermined users. The community is rapidly reaching the conclusion that tightly coupled sensor processing loses too much potentially critical information.1 Hence upstream (raw and partially processed) data must be extracted, rapidly archived, and advertised to the enterprise for unanticipated uses. The authors believe layered sensing net-centric integration can be achieved through a standardize-encapsulate-syndicateaggregate- manipulate-process paradigm. The Sensor Layer Prototype's technical approach focuses on implementing this proof of concept framework to make sensor data visible, accessible and useful to the enterprise. To achieve this, a "raw" data tap between physical transducers associated with sensor arrays and the embedded sensor signal processing hardware and software has been exploited. Second, we encapsulate and expose both raw and partially processed data to the enterprise within the context of a service-oriented architecture. Third, we advertise the presence of multiple types, and multiple layers of data through geographic-enabled Really Simple Syndication (GeoRSS) services. These GeoRSS feeds are aggregated, manipulated, and filtered by a feed aggregator. After filtering these feeds to bring just the type and location of data sought by multiple processes to the attention of each processing station, just that specifically sought data is downloaded to each process application. The Sensor Layer Prototype participated in a proof-of-concept demonstration in April 2008. This event allowed multiple MITRE innovation programs to interact among themselves to demonstrate the ability to couple value-adding but previously unanticipated users to the enterprise. For this event, the Sensor Layer Prototype was used to show data entering the environment in real time. Multiple data types were encapsulated and added to the database via the Sensor Layer Prototype, specifically National Imagery Transmission Format 2.1 (NITF), NATO Standardization Format 4607 (STANAG 4607), Cursor-on-Target (CoT), Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG), Hierarchical Data Format (HDF5) and several additional sensor file formats describing multiple sensors addressing a common scenario.

Duff, Francis; McGarry, Donald; Zasada, David; Foote, Scott

2009-05-01

120

Demonstrating a Realistic IP Mission Prototype  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Flight software and hardware and realistic space communications environments were elements of recent demonstrations of the Internet Protocol (IP) mission concept in the lab. The Operating Missions as Nodes on the Internet (OMNI) Project and the Flight Software Branch at NASA/GSFC collaborated to build the prototype of a representative space mission that employed unmodified off-the-shelf Internet protocols and technologies for end-to-end communications between the spacecraft/instruments and the ground system/users. The realistic elements used in the prototype included an RF communications link simulator and components of the TRIANA mission flight software and ground support system. A web-enabled camera connected to the spacecraft computer via an Ethernet LAN represented an on-board instrument creating image data. In addition to the protocols at the link layer (HDLC), transport layer (UDP, TCP), and network (IP) layer, a reliable file delivery protocol (MDP) at the application layer enabled reliable data delivery both to and from the spacecraft. The standard Network Time Protocol (NTP) performed on-board clock synchronization with a ground time standard. The demonstrations of the prototype mission illustrated some of the advantages of using Internet standards and technologies for space missions, but also helped identify issues that must be addressed. These issues include applicability to embedded real-time systems on flight-qualified hardware, range of applicability of TCP, and liability for and maintenance of commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) products. The NASA Earth Science Technology Office (ESTO) funded the collaboration to build and demonstrate the prototype IP mission.

Rash, James; Ferrer, Arturo B.; Goodman, Nancy; Ghazi-Tehrani, Samira; Polk, Joe; Johnson, Lorin; Menke, Greg; Miller, Bill; Criscuolo, Ed; Hogie, Keith

2003-01-01

121

Japanese Virtual Observatory (JVO): implementation of VO standard protocols  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We developed the third prototype towards a Japanese Virtual Observatory (JVO). IVOA standards, such as Simple Image Access and ADQL, were adapted to the system for the first time. We also constructed an OAI-PMH publishing registry, a web service based searchable registry, and VO data services based on SIA and SkyNode protocols. Most of the components were built on open software, except for an XML database used for searchable registry. This paper describes the JVO proto 3 system and results of a performance measurement.

Shirasaki, Y.; Tanaka, M.; Honda, S.; Kawanomoto, S.; Yasuda, N.; Masunaga, Y.; Ishihara, Y.; Tsutsumi, J.; Nakamoto, H.; Kobayashi, Y.

2006-07-01

122

Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report, Reference Volume 2: Final residential and commercial building prototypes and DOE-2.1E developed UECs and EUIs; Part 2  

SciTech Connect

This section contains the detailed measured impact results and market segment data for each DSM case examined for this building type. A complete index of all base and measure cases defined for this building type is shown first. This index represents an expansion of the base and measure matrix presented in Table 1 (residential) or Table 2 (commercial) for the applicable sector. Following this index, a summary report sheet is provided for each DSM measure case in the order shown in the index. The summary report sheet contains a host of information and selected graphs which define and depict the measure impacts and outline the market segment data assumptions utilized for each case in the DBEDT DSM Forecasting models. The variables and figures included in the summary report sheet are described. Numerous tables and figures are included.

NONE

1995-04-01

123

Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report, Reference Volume 2: Final residential and commercial building prototypes and DOE-2.1E developed UECs and EUIs; Part 3  

SciTech Connect

This section contains the detailed measured impact results and market segment data for each DSM case examined for this building type. A complete index of all base and measure cases defined for this building type is shown first. This index represents an expansion of the base and measure matrix presented in Table 1 (residential) or Table 2 (commercial) for the applicable sector. Following this index, a summary report sheet is provided for each DSM measure case in the order shown in the index. The summary report sheet contains a host of information and selected graphs which define and depict the measure impacts and outline the market segment data assumptions utilized for each case in the DBEDT DSM Forecasting models. The variables and figures included in the summary report sheet are described. Numerous tables and figures are included.

NONE

1995-04-01

124

Japanese viral encephalitis  

PubMed Central

One of the leading causes of acute encephalopathy in children in the tropics is Japanese encephalitis (JE). Transmitted by the culex mosquito, this neurotropic virus predominately affects the thalamus, anterior horns of the spinal cord, cerebral cortex, and cerebellum. It mainly affects children <15 years and is mostly asymptomatic. The occasional symptomatic child typically presents with a neurological syndrome characterised by altered sensorium, seizures, and features of intracranial hypertension. Aetiological diagnosis is based on virus isolation or demonstration of virus specific antigen or antibodies in the cerebrospinal fluid/blood. Though no antiviral drug is available against JE, effective supportive management can improve the outcome. Control of JE involves efficient vector control and appropriate use of vaccines.

Tiroumourougane, S; Raghava, P; Srinivasan, S

2002-01-01

125

Japanese Encephalitis Vaccines  

PubMed Central

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a significant human health concern in Asia, Indonesia and parts of Australia with more than 3 billion people potentially at risk of infection with Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), the causative agent of JE. Given the risk to human health and the theoretical potential for JEV use as a bioweapon, the development of safe and effective vaccines to prevent JEV infection is vital for preserving human health. The development of vaccines for JE began in the 1940s with formalin-inactivated mouse brain-derived vaccines. These vaccines have been shown to induce a protective immune response and to be very effective. Mouse brain-derived vaccines were still in use until May 2011 when the last lots of the BIKEN® JE-VAX® expired. Development of modern JE vaccines utilizes cell culture-derived viruses and improvements in manufacturing processes as well as removal of potential allergens or toxins have significantly improved vaccine safety. China has developed a live-attenuated vaccine that has proven to induce protective immunity following a single inoculation. In addition, a chimeric vaccine virus incorporating the prM and E structural proteins derived from the live-attenuated JE vaccine into the live-attenuated yellow fever 17D vaccine virus backbone is currently in clinical trials. In this article, we provide a summary of JE vaccine development and on-going clinical trials. We also discuss the potential risk of JEV as a bioweapon with a focus on virus sustainability if used as a weapon.

McArthur, Monica A.; Holbrook, Michael R.

2012-01-01

126

LCLS prototype undulator report.  

SciTech Connect

The Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) undulator line will consist of 33 undulator segments separated by breaks of two different lengths. The undulator segments are 3.4-m-long permanent-magnet planar hybrid devices with a period length of 30 mm and a magnetic gap of approximately 6 mm. Focusing quadrupoles, in a FODO lattice, and electron-beam diagnostics will be located in the breaks between undulator segments. Every third break will be longer in order to also accommodate x-ray diagnostics. Thus, taking the alternating focusing and defocusing quadrupoles into account, the ''super-period'' length before the undulator line repeats itself is six undulator segments. For additional details on the LCLS project and the undulator line, please refer to the conceptual design report (CDR). A full-length prototype undulator segment has been designed, manufactured and tested, and this document provides a comprehensive report of our experience with the prototype. It contains sections on the overall design philosophy and presents many important measurements including magnetic measurements of the magnet blocks, as well as of the assembled device, and mechanical and thermal measurements. It also contains a summary section (section 5) and one section that summarizes some remaining issues being investigated (section 6).

Dejus, R.

2004-02-24

127

Clustering with Repulsive Prototypes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although there is no exact definition for the term cluster, in the 2D case, it is fairly easy for human beings to decide which objects belong together. For machines on the other hand, it is hard to determine which objects form a cluster. Depending on the problem, the success of a clustering algorithm depends on the idea of their creators about what a cluster should be. Likewise, each clustering algorithm comprises a characteristic idea of the term cluster. For example the fuzzy c-means algorithm (Kruse et al., Advances in Fuzzy Clustering and Its Applications, Wiley, New York, 2007, pp. 3-30; Höppner et al., Fuzzy Clustering, Wiley, Chichester, 1999) tends to find spherical clusters with equal numbers of objects. Noise clustering (Rehm et al., Soft Computing - A Fusion of Foundations, Methodologies and Applications 11(5):489-494) focuses on finding spherical clusters of user-defined diameter. In this paper, we present an extension to noise clustering that tries to maximize the distances between prototypes. For that purpose, the prototypes behave like repulsive magnets that have an inertia depending on their sum of membership values. Using this repulsive extension, it is possible to prevent that groups of objects are divided into more than one cluster. Due to the repulsion and inertia, we show that it is possible to determine the number and approximate position of clusters in a data set.

Winkler, Roland; Rehm, Frank; Kruse, Rudolf

128

SONG - getting ready for the prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Stellar Observations Network Group, SONG, is a project which aims at building a network of eight identical telescopes distributed geographically around the globe to allow long-term, high-duty-cycle observations of stellar oscillations and to search for exoplanets via the microlensing technique. At each of the network nodes a 1 m telescope with a high-resolution spectrograph and two lucky-imaging cameras is placed. The instruments and telescope, for the prototype node, are currently being built and installation at Observatorio del Teide, Tenerife, Spain is foreseen for early 2011.

Grundahl, F.; Christensen-Dalsgaard, J.; Gråe Jørgensen, U.; Frandsen, S.; Kjeldsen, H.; Kjærgaard Rasmussen, P.

2011-01-01

129

The Japanese "Internment" Cases Revisited.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews topics discussed in the OAH article, "Incarcerating Japanese Americans" (Roger Daniels). States that the three internment cases were correct. Asks whether internment could re-occur given the climate in U.S. society since September 11, 2001. (CMK)

Robinson, Edward T.

2003-01-01

130

Japanese Fine Prints, Pre-1915  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The online division of Prints and Photographs from the Library of Congress has digitized many of their more than 2500 Japanese woodblock prints. To become familiar with the print traditions in Japanese art, visitors should click on the link entitled "Background and Scope". Users can browse by creator, subject or format. Each individual image may be viewed in a variety of file sizes and formats, as well as downloaded.

131

SXI prototype mirror mount  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this contract was to provide optomechanical engineering and fabrication support to the Solar X-ray Imager (SXI) program in the areas of mirror, optical bench and camera assemblies of the telescope. The Center for Applied Optics (CAO) worked closely with the Optics and S&E technical staff of MSFC to develop and investigate the most viable and economical options for the design and fabrication of a number of parts for the various telescope assemblies. All the tasks under this delivery order have been successfully completed within budget and schedule. A number of development hardware parts have been designed and fabricated jointly by MSFC and UAH for the engineering model of SXI. The major parts include a nickel electroformed mirror and a mirror mount, plating and coating of the ceramic spacers, and gold plating of the contact rings and fingers for the camera assembly. An aluminum model of the high accuracy sun sensor (HASS) was also designed and fabricated. A number of fiber optic tapers for the camera assembly were also coated with indium tin oxide and phosphor for testing and evaluation by MSFC. A large number of the SXI optical bench parts were also redesigned and simplified for a prototype telescope. These parts include the forward and rear support flanges, front aperture plate, the graphite epoxy optical bench and a test fixture for the prototype telescope. More than fifty (50) drawings were generated for various components of the prototype telescope. Some of these parts were subsequently fabricated at UAH machine shop or at MSFC or by the outside contractors. UAH also provide technical support to MSFC staff for a number of preliminary and critical design reviews. These design reviews included PDR and CDR for the mirror assembly by United Technologies Optical Systems (UTOS), and the program quarterly reviews, and SXI PDR and CDR. UAH staff also regularly attended the monthly status reviews, and made a significant number of suggestions to improve the design, assembly and alignment of the telescope. Finally, a high level assembly and alignment plan for the entire telescope was prepared by UAH. This plan addresses the sequence of assembly, the required assembly and alignment tolerances, and the methods to verify the alignment at each step during the assembly process. This assembly and alignment plan will be used to assemble and integrate the engineering model (EM) of the telescope. Later on, based on this plan more detailed assembly and alignment procedures will be developed for the lower-level assemblies of SXI.

1995-04-01

132

SXI prototype mirror mount  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this contract was to provide optomechanical engineering and fabrication support to the Solar X-ray Imager (SXI) program in the areas of mirror, optical bench and camera assemblies of the telescope. The Center for Applied Optics (CAO) worked closely with the Optics and S&E technical staff of MSFC to develop and investigate the most viable and economical options for the design and fabrication of a number of parts for the various telescope assemblies. All the tasks under this delivery order have been successfully completed within budget and schedule. A number of development hardware parts have been designed and fabricated jointly by MSFC and UAH for the engineering model of SXI. The major parts include a nickel electroformed mirror and a mirror mount, plating and coating of the ceramic spacers, and gold plating of the contact rings and fingers for the camera assembly. An aluminum model of the high accuracy sun sensor (HASS) was also designed and fabricated. A number of fiber optic tapers for the camera assembly were also coated with indium tin oxide and phosphor for testing and evaluation by MSFC. A large number of the SXI optical bench parts were also redesigned and simplified for a prototype telescope. These parts include the forward and rear support flanges, front aperture plate, the graphite epoxy optical bench and a test fixture for the prototype telescope. More than fifty (50) drawings were generated for various components of the prototype telescope. Some of these parts were subsequently fabricated at UAH machine shop or at MSFC or by the outside contractors. UAH also provide technical support to MSFC staff for a number of preliminary and critical design reviews. These design reviews included PDR and CDR for the mirror assembly by United Technologies Optical Systems (UTOS), and the program quarterly reviews, and SXI PDR and CDR. UAH staff also regularly attended the monthly status reviews, and made a significant number of suggestions to improve the design, assembly and alignment of the telescope. Finally, a high level assembly and alignment plan for the entire telescope was prepared by UAH. This plan addresses the sequence of assembly, the required assembly and alignment tolerances, and the methods to verify the alignment at each step during the assembly process. This assembly and alignment plan will be used to assemble and integrate the engineering model (EM) of the telescope. Later on, based on this plan more detailed assembly and alignment procedures will be developed for the lower-level assemblies of SXI.

1995-01-01

133

A prototype for an integrated energy automation system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of a prototype system of an integrated energy automation center for supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) and energy management of an entire area integrating power distribution network buildings and individual plants is summarized. The development of a distributed controller for a field interface, local system, central system, and communication protocol is discussed. The feasibility of using a

C. Y. Teo; C. H. Tan; O. Chutatape

1990-01-01

134

Path planning and prototype design of an AGV  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a path planning method using fuzzy logic control and potential field for an Automatic Guided Vehicle (AGV) is proposed. The design and implementation of an AGV prototype are also presented. Prom a top-view image of an environment, the chamfer distance transform is used to build the artificial potential field required. The potential field method is used to

Jiann-Der Lee; C CHEN; J KO; J LEE

1999-01-01

135

LANL OPERATING EXPERIENCE WITH THE WAND AND HERCULES PROTOTYPE SYSTEMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Waste Assay for Nonradioactive Disposal (WAND) and the High Efficiency Radiation Counters for Ultimate Low Emission Sensitivity (HERCULES) prototype systems have been operating at Los Alamos National Laboratory's (LANL's) Solid Waste Operation's (SWO'S) non-destructive assay (NDA) building since 1997 and 1998, respectively. These systems are the cornerstone of the verification program for low-density Green is Clean (GIC) waste at

K. M. GRUETZMACHER; C. L. FOXX; S. C. MYERS

2000-01-01

136

Artificial intelligence in electric power systems--A survey of the Japanese industry  

SciTech Connect

The major work on the theory and application of artificial intelligence (Al), which includes expert systems, is going on in the US, Europe and Japan. The Japanese electric utility industry, manufacturers, universities and the government have taken a focused goal-oriented approach in this regard. The author has studied the Japanese involvement in this field and visited eight Japanese R and D laboratories, where the Al and expert system related activities (in the power industry) is discussed. This paper provides a comprehensive look at the combined Japanese effort. The current topics of interest are: (1) Al and its application in power engineering; (2) problems in Al applications development and their solutions; (3) practical system examples; and (4) Al applications to power systems of the future. Out of the 97 papers cited in this paper, 10 were produced by electric utilities, 10 by manufacturers, 17 by universities and 60 were joint efforts. This shows the level and importance of joint collaborative research among the Japanese researchers. Even though they are working on many theoretical aspects of the Al technology including automated knowledge acquisition and verification, they still use significant amount of theoretical work done in the US for successful prototyping of Al based tools. It is, however, safe to say that the use of Al tools in the Japanese electric power industry is far more widespread than what is seen in the US or in Europe.

Rahman, S. (Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States))

1993-08-01

137

Rapid Prototyping Roadmapping  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Roadmapping has long been thought of as a process for getting from point A to point B within a single discipline. Roadmapping for Rapid Prototyping has multiple paths of which we will diagram in this meeting. When you consider the dynamic change that the computer has made in both developing as well as manufacturing products, we could only assume that further electronic medium matched with mechanical inventions will continue. This industry roadmap is intended to point and lead us to the promised manufacturing land. We hope to reduce the inherent risk associated with technology development by providing a clear goal of mapping to a manufacturing process. The work of DoE in 1994 was excellent and began a journey that would benefit the decision makers and allow for choices that would be good investment decisions. While this work included government agencies, this map is broader and includes industry and academia input.

Cooper, Kenneth G.

1998-01-01

138

Ares I-X Ground Diagnostic Prototype  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Automating prelaunch diagnostics for launch vehicles offers three potential benefits. First, it potentially improves safety by detecting faults that might otherwise have been missed so that they can be corrected before launch. Second, it potentially reduces launch delays by more quickly diagnosing the cause of anomalies that occur during prelaunch processing. Reducing launch delays will be critical to the success of NASA's planned future missions that require in-orbit rendezvous. Third, it potentially reduces costs by reducing both launch delays and the number of people needed to monitor the prelaunch process. NASA is currently developing the Ares I launch vehicle to bring the Orion capsule and its crew of four astronauts to low-earth orbit on their way to the moon. Ares I-X will be the first unmanned test flight of Ares I. It is scheduled to launch on October 27, 2009. The Ares I-X Ground Diagnostic Prototype is a prototype ground diagnostic system that will provide anomaly detection, fault detection, fault isolation, and diagnostics for the Ares I-X first-stage thrust vector control (TVC) and for the associated ground hydraulics while it is in the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and on the launch pad. It will serve as a prototype for a future operational ground diagnostic system for Ares I. The prototype combines three existing diagnostic tools. The first tool, TEAMS (Testability Engineering and Maintenance System), is a model-based tool that is commercially produced by Qualtech Systems, Inc. It uses a qualitative model of failure propagation to perform fault isolation and diagnostics. We adapted an existing TEAMS model of the TVC to use for diagnostics and developed a TEAMS model of the ground hydraulics. The second tool, Spacecraft Health Inference Engine (SHINE), is a rule-based expert system developed at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory. We developed SHINE rules for fault detection and mode identification. The prototype uses the outputs of SHINE as inputs to TEAMS. The third tool, the Inductive Monitoring System (IMS), is an anomaly detection tool developed at NASA Ames Research Center and is currently used to monitor the International Space Station Control Moment Gyroscopes. IMS automatically "learns" a model of historical nominal data in the form of a set of clusters and signals an alarm when new data fails to match this model. IMS offers the potential to detect faults that have not been modeled. The three tools have been integrated and deployed to Hangar AE at KSC where they interface with live data from the Ares I-X vehicle and from the ground hydraulics. The outputs of the tools are displayed on a console in Hangar AE, one of the locations from which the Ares I-X launch will be monitored. The full paper will describe how the prototype performed before the launch. It will include an analysis of the prototype's accuracy, including false-positive rates, false-negative rates, and receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves. It will also include a description of the prototype's computational requirements, including CPU usage, main memory usage, and disk usage. If the prototype detects any faults during the prelaunch period then the paper will include a description of those faults. Similarly, if the prototype has any false alarms then the paper will describe them and will attempt to explain their causes.

Schwabacher, Mark; Martin, Rodney; Waterman, Robert; Oostdyk, Rebecca; Ossenfort, John; Matthews, Bryan

2010-01-01

139

A low cost cutter-based paper lamination rapid prototyping system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Paper lamination rapid prototyping technology has an advantage of its low overall cost due to the building materials and the processing principle. To reduce the system and its operating cost further, a cutter-based paper lamination rapid prototyping system is proposed. The cutter set employed is cheap and the cutter can turn its cutting direction automatically so as to simplify the

Guoxing Yu; Yucheng Ding; Dichen Li; Yiping Tang

2003-01-01

140

A Highly Modular 77GHz FMCW Radar Sensor Prototype for Multi Target Tracking Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

77-GHz radars are becoming more and more important for automotive applications. In this contribution a 77-GHz frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) radar prototype is presented. The prototype is based on highly modular building blocks for both, the hardware as well as the software. This modular design offers an incredible flexibility for testing different components. The resolvability of multi target scenarios

K. Pourvoyeur; R. Feger; A. Haderer; C. Wagner; A. Stelzer; L. Maurer

2008-01-01

141

A highly modular 77GHz FMCW radar sensor prototype for multi target tracking applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

77-GHz radars are becoming more and more important for automotive applications. In this contribution a 77-GHz frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) radar prototype is presented. The prototype is based on highly modular building blocks for both, the hardware as well as the software. This modular design offers an incredible flexibility for testing different components. The resolvability of multi target scenarios

K. Pourvoyeur; R. Feger; A. Haderer; C. Wagner; A. Stelzer; L. Maurer

2008-01-01

142

Labour Market, Entrepreneurship and Human Capital in Industrial Districts. An Agent-Based Prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper aims to describe an agent-based prototype that has been created to investigate the relation among local labour markets, entrepreneurship and human capital in IDs. It basically describes the building blocks of the prototype, the agents acting in it and the forces that drive its most interesting dynamics. Some interesting hypotheses to investigate are sketched, too.

Riccardo Boero; Marco Castellani; Flaminio Squazzoni

143

Japanese Balloon Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency conducts domestic balloon campaigns at Taiki Aerospace Research Field (TARF) in Hokkaido since 2008. The ballooning at TARF becomes stable after four year operation. Because the field faces to the Pacific Ocean, heavy balloons and payloads can be launched safely using a very unique sliding launcher. Recoveries at the inshore along the Tokachi coast can be done very quickly and smoothly. Unfortunately, flight opportunities are recently limited due to unfriendly weather condition. Unstable Jet stream also prevents us to have so-called `boomerang flight' to achieve long flight duration more than several hours. Six balloon-borne experiments were carried out in 2010 and 2011. Three of them were demonstrations of challenges of space engineering, two were in-situ atmospheric observation, and one was the technical flight of new high-resolution ?-ray telescope. In addition to these flights, we carried out two launches for next generation balloons: one for Tawara-shaped superpressure balloon and the other for ultra-thin high-altitude balloon. In this paper, recent activities of the Japanese scientific balloon program will be introduced. On-going development of the balloon system will also be presented.

Yoshida, Tetsuya; Fuke, Hideyuki; Shoji, Yasuhiro; Iijima, Issei; Izutsu, Naoki; Kato, Yoichi; Matsuzaka, Yukihiko; Mizuta, Eiichi; Sato, Takatoshi; Tamura, Keisuke; Saito, Yoshitaka; Kakehashi, Yuya

2012-07-01

144

Virtual acoustic prototyping  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper the re-creation of 3-D sound fields so the full psycho-acoustic impact of sound sources can be assessed before the manufacture of a product or environment is examined. Using head related transfer functions (HRTFs) coupled with a head tracked set of headphones the sound field at the left and right ears of a listener can be re-created for a set of sound sources. However, the HRTFs require that sources have a defined location and this is not the typical output from numerical codes which describe the sound field as a set of distributed modes. In this paper a method of creating a set of equivalent sources is described such that the standard set of HRTFs can be applied in real time. A structural-acoustic model of a cylinder driving an enclosed acoustic field will be used as an example. It will be shown that equivalent sources can be used to recreate all of the reverberation of the enclosed space. An efficient singular value decomposition technique allows the large number of sources required to be simulated in real time. An introduction to the requirements necessary for 3-D virtual prototyping using high frequency Statistical Energy Analysis models will be presented. [Work supported by AuSim and NASA.

Johnson, Marty

2003-10-01

145

What Is Business Japanese? Designing a Japanese Course for Business Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experiences in developing "Business Japanese" courses for the undergraduate major in Language and International Trade at Eastern Michigan University are described. In 1987, six new courses in Japanese were proposed so that Japanese could be offered as a language specialty in the program. Issues considered in defining business Japanese and in…

Koike, Shohei

146

Homogamy and Intermarriage of Japanese and Japanese Americans with Whites Surrounding World War II  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although some sociologists have suggested that Japanese Americans quickly assimilated into mainstream America, scholars of Japanese America have highlighted the heightened exclusion that the group experienced. This study tracked historical shifts in the exclusion level of Japanese and Japanese Americans in the United States surrounding World War…

Ono, Hiromi; Berg, Justin

2010-01-01

147

Japanese respond to campaign.  

PubMed

A unique campaign launched by JOICFP in August 1993 had by the end of June 1994 netted US $41,200 to support activities of the integrated Project (IP) in developing countries. Under the campaign, the public, institutions, organizations, and businesses have been sending in used prepaid cards for sale to collectors in Japan and abroad. Prepaid cards are widely used throughout Japan for phones, subways, railways and highways. Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (NTT) alone issues 20 million cards annually. The campaign, which has been widely featured in the media, has proved effective for drawing attention to JOICFP and to population and family planning issues. Gaining the understanding of the Japanese public about population issues has grown in importance since the government's announcement of the new Global Issues Initiative (GII). Word about the campaign was carried by radio, television, newspapers, and magazines nationwide. The number of cards sent in escalated with the attention. By the end of June, JOICFP had received around 700,000 cards, of which 550,000 have been exchanged for cash. The funds generated by the card sales have been allocated to support grassroots IP activities and encourage the self-reliance of projects in China, Ghana, Guatemala, Nepal, Tanzania, and Zambia. Responses to the campaign have come from individuals as well as local governments, hospitals, enterprises, and educational institutions. Many of these have initiated their own card-collection system and information-dissemination activities to support JOICFP. Over 5000 different organizations are now collaborating with JOICFP for the campaign, including Tenmaya Department Store in Okayama City. PMID:12288124

1994-08-01

148

Long vowels in Proto-Japanese  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this article is to provide internal and partial external evidence that Proto-Japanese had both vowel length and pitch accent. The author examines the evidence from Ryukyuan dialects of Japanese and from prehistoric Japanese loanwords in the Ainu language. This combined evidence demonstrates that the majority of Pre-Proto-Japanese words with initial vowel length may be associated with an

Alexander Vovin

1993-01-01

149

Small Thermophotovoltaic Prototype Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In an earlier paper [1], we reported on a small grid-connected thermophotovoltaic (TPV) system consisting of an ytterbia mantle emitter and silicon solar cells with 16 % efficiency (under solar irradiance at Standard Test Conditions, STC). The emitter was heated up using a butane burner with a rated thermal power of 1.35 kW (referring to the lower heating value). This system produced an electrical output of 15 W, which corresponds to a thermal to electric (direct current) conversion efficiency of 1.1 %. In the interim, further progress has been made, and significantly higher efficiencies have been achieved. The most important development steps are: 1) The infrared radiation-absorbing water filter between emitter and silicon cells (to protect the cells against overheating and against contact with flue gasses) has been replaced by a suitable glass tube. By doing this, it has been possible to prevent losses of convertible radiation in water. 2) Cell cooling has been significantly improved, in order to reduce cell temperature, and therefore increase conversion efficiency. 3) The shape of the emitter has been changed from spherical to a quasi-cylindrical geometry, in order to obtain a more homogeneous irradiation of the cells. 4) The metallic burner tube, on which the ytterbia emitter was fixed in the initial prototypes, has been replaced by a heat-resistant metallic rod, carrying ceramic discs as emitter holders. This has prevented the oxidation and clogging of the perforated burner tube. 5) Larger reflectors have been used to reduce losses in useful infrared radiation. 6) Smaller cells have been used, to reduce electrical series resistance losses. Applying all these improvements to the basic 1.35 kW prototype, we attained a system efficiency of 1.5 %. By using preheated air for combustion (at approximately 370 °C), 1.8 % was achieved. In a subsequent step, a photocell generator was constructed, consisting of high-efficiency silicon cells (21% STC efficiency). In this generator, the spaces between the cells were minimized, in order to achieve as high an active cell area as possible, while simultaneously reducing radiation losses. This new system has produced an electrical output of 48 W, corresponding to a system efficiency of 2.4 %. This is the highest-ever-reported value in a silicon-cell-based TPV system using ytterbia mantle emitters. An efficiency of 2.8 % was achieved by using preheated air (at approximately 500 °C). An electronic control unit (fabricated of components with low power consumption, and including a battery store) was developed, in order to make the TPV system, described in [1] self-powered. This unit controls the magnetic gas supply valve between gas supply cylinder and burner as well as the high-voltage ignition electrodes. Both the control unit's own power consumption and the battery-charging power are supplied directly by the TPV generator. A small commercial inverter is used to transfer excess power to the 230 V grid.

Durisch, Wilhelm; Bitnar, Bernd; von Roth, Fritz; Palfinger, Günther

2003-01-01

150

Foraging search: Prototypical intelligence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We think because we eat. Or as Descartes might have said, on a little more reflection, ``I need to eat, therefore I think.'' Animals that forage for a living repeatedly face the problem of searching for a sparsely distributed resource in a vast space. Furthermore, the resource may occur sporadically and episodically under conditions of true uncertainty (nonstationary, complex and non-linear dynamics). I assert that this problem is the canonical problem solved by intelligence. It's solution is the basis for the evolution of more advanced intelligence in which the space of search includes that of concepts (objects and relations) encoded in cortical structures. In humans the conscious experience of searching through concept space we call thinking. The foraging search model is based upon a higher-order autopoeitic system (the forager) employing anticipatory processing to enhance its success at finding food while avoiding becoming food or having accidents in a hostile world. I present a semi-formal description of the general foraging search problem and an approach to its solution. The latter is a brain-like structure employing dynamically adaptive neurons. A physical robot, MAVRIC, embodies some principles of foraging. It learns cues that lead to improvements in finding targets in a dynamic and nonstationary environment. This capability is based on a unique learning mechanism that encodes causal relations in the neural-like processing element. An argument is advanced that searching for resources in the physical world, as per the foraging model, is a prototype for generalized search for conceptual resources as when we think. A problem represents a conceptual disturbance in a homeostatic sense. The finding of a solution restores the homeostatic balance. The establishment of links between conceptual cues and solutions (resources) and the later use of those cues to think through to solutions of quasi-isomorphic problems is, essentially, foraging for ideas. It is a quite natural extension of the fundamental foraging model. .

Mobus, George

2000-05-01

151

Speech recognition for Japanese spoken language  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper overviews the speech recognition issues for the Japanese language, and introduces three research projects conducted at NTT (Nippon Telegraph and Telephone) Human Interface Laboratories and ATR Interpreting Telephony Research Laboratories. The first topic is stochastic language models for the sequences of Japanese characters to be used in a Japanese dictation system with unlimited vocabulary. The second topic is

Sadaoki Furui

1994-01-01

152

Localisation of Japanese subsidiaries in Southeast Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The success story of Japanese firms, both in their home country and their overseas subsidiaries, has been the focus of comparative management research in the 1970s and early 1980s. Several scholars attributed the impressive productivity gains in Japanese industries to the basic principles of Japanese management. Further, they advocated the adoption of these principles by American and European businesses to

Anant R Negandhi; Edith C. Yuen; Golpira S. Eshghi

1987-01-01

153

Issues in Articulating Japanese K-16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of Japanese second-language instruction in the United States. Suggests that, despite the quality and amount of resources, many Japanese programs are in an unstable situation. Discusses a project in Colorado that is working toward the common goals of Japanese instruction at the secondary and postsecondary levels. (Author/VWL)

Saegusa, Kyoko

1999-01-01

154

Marine Biodiversity in Japanese Waters  

PubMed Central

To understand marine biodiversity in Japanese waters, we have compiled information on the marine biota in Japanese waters, including the number of described species (species richness), the history of marine biology research in Japan, the state of knowledge, the number of endemic species, the number of identified but undescribed species, the number of known introduced species, and the number of taxonomic experts and identification guides, with consideration of the general ocean environmental background, such as the physical and geological settings. A total of 33,629 species have been reported to occur in Japanese waters. The state of knowledge was extremely variable, with taxa containing many inconspicuous, smaller species tending to be less well known. The total number of identified but undescribed species was at least 121,913. The total number of described species combined with the number of identified but undescribed species reached 155,542. This is the best estimate of the total number of species in Japanese waters and indicates that more than 70% of Japan's marine biodiversity remains un-described. The number of species reported as introduced into Japanese waters was 39. This is the first attempt to estimate species richness for all marine species in Japanese waters. Although its marine biota can be considered relatively well known, at least within the Asian-Pacific region, considering the vast number of different marine environments such as coral reefs, ocean trenches, ice-bound waters, methane seeps, and hydrothermal vents, much work remains to be done. We expect global change to have a tremendous impact on marine biodiversity and ecosystems. Japan is in a particularly suitable geographic situation and has a lot of facilities for conducting marine science research. Japan has an important responsibility to contribute to our understanding of life in the oceans.

Fujikura, Katsunori; Lindsay, Dhugal; Kitazato, Hiroshi; Nishida, Shuhei; Shirayama, Yoshihisa

2010-01-01

155

Other Japanese Educations and Japanese Education Otherwise. Review Essay  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education in the United States was in a state of "crisis" at the time of the 1983 release of "A Nation at Risk," the landmark report on the US education reform. This was the time when the rising Japanese economy started threatening the post-war US economic dominance and conservative figures such as Ronald Reagan gained popular support. Subsequent…

Takayama, Keita

2011-01-01

156

Prototype Moving Base Gravity Gradiometer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report covers the technical studies accomplished during the first six months to design and develop a prototype moving base gravity gradiometer. The scope of work is limited to establishing the instrument and system design parameters during the time pe...

A. J. Robinson C. B. Ames P. M. LaHue R. L. Forward R. W. Peterson

1972-01-01

157

Integrated real and virtual prototyping  

Microsoft Academic Search

A modelling environment for the geometrical, topological and functional specification of mechatronic systems is presented. The close coupling of real model components and their virtual counterparts allows a synchronous construction of real and virtual prototypes and their evaluation

F. Wilhelm Bruns

1998-01-01

158

Prototype HEMP Design Practice Handbook.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Prototype HEMP Design Practice Handbook provides a systematic approach to protection of the DCS. The handbook is based on a generalized protection procedure which parallels the programed development cycle of systems. This protection procedure employs ...

L. Duncan

1978-01-01

159

Prototype Morphing Fan Nozzle Demonstrated.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Ongoing research in NASA Glenn Research Center's Structural Mechanics and Dynamics Branch to develop smart materials technologies for aeropropulsion structural components has resulted in the design of the prototype morphing fan nozzle shown in the photogr...

H. J. Lee G. B. Song

2004-01-01

160

A Rising Sun Shines on American Training. Schools Help Prepare the American Workers Japanese Manufacturers Need.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how local vocational schools and community colleges can play a key role in building a strong partnership between Japanese manufacturers and their U.S. workers. Kellogg Community College's (Michigan) partnership with Nippondenso and the Ohio Industrial Training Program's work with Honda of America are profiled. (JOW)

Benanzer, Elizabeth; And Others

1991-01-01

161

AN EXPLORATORY MARKET ASSESSMENT OF WOOD USE IN JAPANESE RESIDENTIAL FLOORING AND WINDOWS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditionally, building products for residential construction in Japan have been produced almost exclusively in Japan. Recently, economicconcernsandanincreasedinterest in western styles anddesigns not domestically produced haveled toincreasedimports of western style products by Japan. This paperreport son astudy that collectedexploratory informationon theJapanesemarket forwood flooring and window products through personal interviews with house builders in Japan. The large Japanese wood flooring market is

ANTJE WAHL; ROBERT A. KOZAK; DAVID H. COHEN

2002-01-01

162

Automated Japanese Essay Scoring System based on Articles Written by Experts  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have developed an automated Japanese essay scoring system called Jess. The sys- tem needs expert writings rather than ex- pert raters to build the evaluation model. By detecting statistical outliers of prede- termined aimed essay features compared with many professional writings for each prompt, our system can evaluate essays. The following three features are exam- ined: (1) rhetoric —

Tsunenori Ishioka; Masayuki Kameda

2006-01-01

163

Increasing Social Capital for Disaster Response through Social Networking Services (SNS) in Japanese Local Governments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers have argued that social networks within a community have positive effects on people's behavior in the four stages of disaster. The Japanese government is testing Social Networking Service (SNS) at the municipal level with the intention to improve community building, democratic processes and disaster management. This paper presents results from two case studies of local SNS in Yatsushiro city,

Alexander R. M. Schellong; J. W. Goethe

164

Government 2.0 : An exploratory study of social networking services in Japanese local government  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Researchers have argued that social networks within a community have positive effects on people's behavior in disasters. The Japanese government is testing online SNS at the municipal level with the intention to improve community building, democratic processes, and disaster management. This paper seeks to explore the use of social networking services (SNSs) in government and disaster in Japan.

Alexander R. M. Schellong

2008-01-01

165

Japanese Management: What Is It and Can It Be Used in Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the Japanese management system, particularly the Theory Z emphasis on employee incentives, cooperation, trust, and focus on people. Reviews the American adaptation called "quality circles" and "team management" and shows how synergistic management techniques can be applied to building- and district-level school management. Includes 13…

Jones, Franklin B.; Villines, Roger T.

1987-01-01

166

Biotechnology, Video Games, Rapid Prototyping  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The ATETV project delivers web-based videos to connect students to careers in advanced technology. This episode of ATETV deals with biotechnology, video game design, and rapid prototyping. It can be viewed whole or in three segments: "Biotechnology Student Marina Watanabe on Why She Chose to Attend a Community College," "Video Game Design Student Brent Parsons on the Growing Market for Computer Simulations," and "What is Rapid Prototyping?" The running time for the full episode is 8:29.

2010-12-14

167

Teaching Japanese-American Incarceration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few events in American history are so universally deplored as the incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II. The United States government has acknowledged the error and the injustice that resulted with an official Presidential apology and a Congressional disbursement of reparations to the victims of the incarceration policy. The…

Miksch, Karen L.; Ghere, David

2004-01-01

168

Japanese nationalism and geographical thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been simultaneous emergence in many countries of the world of political disputes over aspects of national history in the 1990s. Geographical knowledge has political implications. Hence it is concerned with the formation of national identity as well as historical knowledge. This paper examines the relationships between Japanese modernisation and geographical thought, the characteristics of school textbooks and geopolitics

Akihiko Takagi

1998-01-01

169

Japanese at Mimosa Elementary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Japanese program at Mimosa Elementary School in Roswell, Georgia. The success of the program has been aided by collaborative team teaching, a spiraled curriculum, creative teaching methods, Teacher -made materials, and communication among teachers, parents, and administrators. he challenges are also discussed. (Author/VWL)

Uchihara, Azusa

2001-01-01

170

Moral Development of Japanese Kindergartners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews were conducted with 28 kindergartners, their teachers, and their director to examine Japanese children's moral development. Qualitative analysis of interviews revealed three themes related to moral development: social system morality, emotions, and responsibility. Children made moral decisions based on social system morality…

Taylor, Satomi Izumi; Ogawa, Tetsuya; Wilson, Jeanne

2002-01-01

171

Citation Indicators of Japanese Journals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates Japanese journals--128 indexed in the 1994 "Journal Citation Reports"--in bibliometric parameters such as impact factors (IFs), mean IFs from citing and cited journals, and self-citing and self-cited rates. Results: only 15 journals, with a wide variation of self-citing and self-cited rates, have obtained a current impact higher than…

Haiqi, Zhang; Yamazaki, Shigeaki

1998-01-01

172

The Japanese Domestic Labor Debate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The changing role of Japanese women can be seen in the stages of a domestic labor debate which occurred at three different times in the past 30 years. The first debate began with Ayako Ishigaki's (1955) insistence that women should have a job outside the home. Wartime production helped break down traditional divisions of labor by encouraging women…

Ueno, Chizuko

173

Japanese Logic Puzzles and Proof  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An understanding of proof does not start in a high school geometry course. Rather, attention to logical reasoning throughout a student's school experience can help the development of proof readiness. In the spirit of problem solving, the author has begun to use some Japanese logic puzzles other than sudoku to help students develop additional…

Wanko, Jeffrey J.

2009-01-01

174

Dilemmas of Japanese Professional Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite advanced industrialization, Japanese women are subjected to occupational inequality by businesses that place them on a career track separate from men in terms of wages, promotion, and retirement and by a cultural environment that fosters the values of motherhood and stresses female authority only in domestic situations. (WI)

Osako, Masako Murakami

1978-01-01

175

Overview of Japanese aerospace plane  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Japanese NAL, NASDA, and ISAS agencies have undertaken development of a Highly Maneuverable Experimental Spaceplane ('HIMES') which will integrate hypersonic technologies currently under development. A development status evaluation of these activities is presented. Attention is given to the configurational features of HIMES, its aerodynamic developmental tests to date, structures and materials considerations, flight control/guidance systems, airbreathing propulsion options, and CFD modeling.

Yamanaka, Tatsuo

1992-12-01

176

Point substitutions in Japanese alloalbumins.  

PubMed Central

We have completed the structural study of five rare types of inherited albumin variants (alloalbumins) discovered in the Biochemical Genetics Study of 15,581 unrelated children in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. We have also identified the structural change in five other alloalbumin specimens detected during clinical electrophoresis of sera from Japanese living near Tokyo. Each of the five albumin variants from Nagasaki and Hiroshima has a single amino acid substitution. All of these substitutions differ, and none has been reported in non-Japanese populations. No instances of proalbumin variants or of albumin B (the most frequent alloalbumins in Caucasians) were detected in the children in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. However, one instance of a variant proalbumin and two examples of albumin B occurred in Japanese from the vicinity of Tokyo. In addition a previously unreported point substitution was found in albumin Tochigi, which is present in two unrelated persons from Tochigi prefecture. Four of the point mutations in the Japanese alloalbumins are in close proximity in a short segment of the polypeptide chain (residues 354-382) in which three additional point substitutions have been reported in diverse populations. These results, combined with earlier data, suggest that point substitutions are grouped in certain segments of the albumin molecule. Images

Arai, K; Madison, J; Huss, K; Ishioka, N; Satoh, C; Fujita, M; Neel, J V; Sakurabayashi, I; Putnam, F W

1989-01-01

177

Mortality among Japanese Zen priests.  

PubMed Central

A cohort study was done on 1396 deaths seen among 4352 Japanese male Zen priests during a follow up period from 1 January 1955 to 31 December 1978. Standardised mortality ratios were computed for major causes of death by comparing with the counterparts of the general Japanese male population. The SMR for all causes of death was 0.82 (p less than 0.001) and the SMR values for cerebrovascular diseases, pneumonia and bronchitis, peptic ulcer, liver cirrhosis, cancer of the respiratory organs, and cancer of the lung were all significantly smaller than unity. Taking regional mortality differences into account, a similar computation was made dividing the cohort into two subcohorts--that is, the priests living in eastern Japan and those in western Japan. Both subcohorts showed a highly significantly smaller SMR than unity for all causes of death. With the exception of only a few causes of death for which the observed number of deaths was small, they also showed such reduced SMRs for nearly all of the causes of death tested. A questionnaire survey on the current life style of active priests showed that they smoke less, eat less, meat and fish as they follow the more traditional Japanese dietary habits, and live in less polluted areas, but their drinking habits do not differ much from that of the average Japanese adult man. Possible reasons for their reduced mortality are discussed.

Ogata, M; Ikeda, M; Kuratsune, M

1984-01-01

178

The Japanese Copula: A Dummy?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of whether the Japanese copula can adequately be described as a dummy, i.e., as an element which although existing in the surface structure can be dispensed with in the deep structure of a sentence; based on a paper read at the 1970 meeting of the Societas Linguistica Europaea, Prague, Czechoslovakia. (RS)

Wenck, G.

1973-01-01

179

Lifestyle constraints, not inadequate nutrition education, cause gap between breakfast ideals and realities among Japanese in Tokyo.  

PubMed

Japanese public health nutrition often promotes 'traditional' cuisine. In-depth interviews with 107 Japanese adults were conducted in Tokyo from 2009 to 2011, using free-listing methods to examine dietary ideals and realities to assess the extent to which realities reflect inadequate nutrition education or lifestyle constraints. Ideal-reality gaps were widest for breakfast. Most people reported Japanese ideals: rice and miso soup were prototypical foods. However, breakfast realities were predominantly western (bread-based). While those aged 40-59 were more likely to hold Japanese ideals (P=0.063), they were less likely to achieve them (P=0.007). All those reporting western ideals achieved them on weekdays, while only 64% of those with Japanese ideals achieved them (P<0.001). Partial correlations controlling for age and gender showed achievement of Japanese ideals were positively correlated with proportion of cooking-related housework, and negatively correlated with living standard and income. Ideal menu content was in line with current Japanese nutrition advice, suggesting that more nutrition education may not change dietary ideals or behavior. Participant-reported reasons for ideal-reality discordance demonstrate that work-life balance issues, especially lack of time and family structure/life rhythm, are the largest obstacles to the attainment of dietary ideals. People reporting 'no time' as a primary reason for ideal-reality gaps were less likely to achieve their Japanese ideals (odds ratio=0.212). Time realities of people's lives may undermine educational efforts promoting Japanese breakfasts. When dietary reality/behavior departs from guidelines, it is often assumed that people lack knowledge. If ideals are in line with dietary guidelines, then lack of knowledge is not the likely cause and nutrition education is not the optimal solution. By asking people about the reasons for gaps between their ideals and realities, we can identify barriers and design more effective policies and programs to achieve dietary ideals. PMID:24080190

Melby, Melissa K; Takeda, Wakako

2014-01-01

180

PERFORMANCE OF THE CEBAF PROTOTYPE CRYOMODULE RENASCENCE  

SciTech Connect

The prototype cryomodule Renascence was constructed as an energy building block for securing 6 GeV operation of CEBAF and to validate design elements for future CEBAF upgrade modules. These elements include the new “HG” and “LL” 7-cell cavity designs and a new tuner design.[1,2] Issues were identified during initial testing in 2005. The module has been reworked to address the issues with thermal stability, component breakage, and tuner motion. In addition, opportunity was taken to employ upgraded cleaning and assembly techniques for the cavity string. The HOM coupler heating issue was resolved, and seven of the eight cavities in the cryomodule have run stably at an average of 20 MV/m CW. The cryogenic, rf, and mechanical performance of the cryomodule are presented. Commissioning in CEBAF has just been completed in October 2007.

Charles Reece; Edward Daly; G. Davis; Michael Drury; William Hicks; Joseph Preble; Haipeng Wang

2008-02-12

181

Pair-List Readings in Korean-Japanese, Chinese-Japanese and English-Japanese Interlanguage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In English and Chinese, questions with a "wh"-object and a universally quantified subject (e.g. "What did everyone buy?") allow an individual answer ("Everyone bought apples.") and a pair-list answer ("Sam bought apples, Jo bought bananas, Sally bought..."). By contrast, the pair-list answer is reportedly unavailable in Japanese and Korean. This…

Marsden, Heather

2008-01-01

182

A Survey of Studies in the Japanese Style of Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies have contained a number of references to the Japanese style of management, showing keen interest in the high development of Japanese economy and technology. Most studies seem to exaggerate the peculiarity of Japanese culture and the harmonious character of intra-company relations. This paper surveys the main works on Japanese management written by Japanese authors during the last thirty

Akihiro Ishikawa

1982-01-01

183

Finding Prototypes For Nearest Neighbor Classifiers  

Microsoft Academic Search

A nearest neighbor classifier is one which assigns a pattern to the class of the nearest prototype. An algorithm is given to find prototypes for a nearest neighbor classifier. The idea is to start with every sample in a training set as a prototype, and then successively merge any two nearest prototypes of the same class so long as the

Chin-Liang Chang

1974-01-01

184

Building an Intelligent Water Information System - American River Prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With better management, California's existing water supplies could go further to meeting the needs of the state's urban and agricultural uses. For example, California's water reservoirs are currently controlled and regulated using forecasts based upon more than 75 years of historical data. In the face of global climate change, these forecasts are becoming increasingly inadequate to precisely manage water resources. We propose implementing Leveraging the newest frontiers of information technology, we are developing a basin-scale real-time intelligent water infrastructure system that enables more information-intensive decision support. The complete system is made up of four key components. First, a strategically deployed ground-observation system will complement satellite measurements and provide continuous and accurate estimates of snowpack, soil moisture, vegetation state and energy balance across watersheds. Using our recently developed but mature technologies, we deliver measurements of hydrologic variables over a multi- tiered network of wireless sensor arrays, with a granularity of time and space previously unheard of. Second, satellite and aircraft remote sensing provide the only practical means of spatially continuous basin-wide measurement and monitoring of snow properties, vegetation characteristics and other watershed conditions. The ground-based system is designed to blend with remote sensing data on Sierra Nevada snow properties, and provide value-added products of unprecedented spatial detail and accuracy that are useable on a watershed level. Third, together the satellite and ground-based data make possible the updating of forecast tools, and routine use of physically based hydrologic models. The decision-support framework will provide tools to extract and visualize information of interest from the measured and modeled data, to assess uncertainties, and to optimize operations. Fourth, the advanced cyber infrastructure blends and transforms the numbers recorded by sensors into information in the form that is useful for decision-making. In a sense it 'monetizes' the data. It is the cyber infrastructure that links measurements, data processing, models and users. System software must provide flexibility for multiple types of access from user queries to automated and direct links with analysis tools and decision-support systems. We are currently installing a basin-scale ground-based sensor network focusing on measurements of snowpack, solar radiation, temperature, rH and soil moisture across the American River basin. Although this is a research network, it also provides core elements of a full ground-based operational system.

Glaser, S. D.; Bales, R. C.; Conklin, M. H.

2013-12-01

185

A Sustainable Southwest Japanese Garden  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Project Description (Microsoft Word 14kB Jan26 10) Water collection and usage in the Sustainable SW Japanese Garden The Albuquerque Water Authority has several activities on their web site to help with making a personal water audit, selecting xeriscape plants, designing garden areas as well as forms for rebates. We used the ABQ Water Authority design format to calculate which plants to install. Students start with a personal water audit and then move to the design of the garden. Personal water audit http://www.abcwua.org/Understanding_Your_Bill.aspx Techniques to consevere water outdoors http://www.abcwua.org/Save_Water_Outdoors.aspx Planning Xeriscape - students create their own personal garden and we transfer the concepts to the Japanese Garden. We are looking at Japanese design elements with a SW flare and thereby modeling what the internees did when they were limited to the surrounding rock, vegetation and water collection. http://www.abcwua.org/Xeriscaping.aspx Calculating roof area using a Google satellite image We use a measurable square on the pathway for the scale and then we calculate the square feet of the roof area. A transparency is used to overlay the image and calculate the water harvest. Calculating the capacity of the 1500 gallon cistern in terms of water needed per plant Students experiment with buckets to see ascertain the best collection site. The water is measured after rainfalls and compared to the weather data collected by the NOAA.

Spidell, Rhonda

186

Sparse distributed memory prototype: Principles of operation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Sparse distributed memory is a generalized random access memory (RAM) for long binary words. Such words can be written into and read from the memory, and they can be used to address the memory. The main attribute of the memory is sensitivity to similarity, meaning that a word can be read back not only by giving the original right address but also by giving one close to it as measured by the Hamming distance between addresses. Large memories of this kind are expected to have wide use in speech and scene analysis, in signal detection and verification, and in adaptive control of automated equipment. The memory can be realized as a simple, massively parallel computer. Digital technology has reached a point where building large memories is becoming practical. The research is aimed at resolving major design issues that have to be faced in building the memories. The design of a prototype memory with 256-bit addresses and from 8K to 128K locations for 256-bit words is described. A key aspect of the design is extensive use of dynamic RAM and other standard components.

Flynn, Michael J.; Kanerva, Pentti; Ahanin, Bahram; Bhadkamkar, Neal; Flaherty, Paul; Hickey, Philip

1988-01-01

187

Americans and Japanese Nonverbal Communication. Linguistic Communications 15 (Papers in Japanese Linguistics 3).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each culture has its own nonverbal as well as its verbal language. Movements, gestures and sounds have distinct and often conflicting interpretations in different countries. For Americans communicating with Japanese, misunderstandings are of two types: Japanese behavior which is completely new to the American, and Japanese behavior which is…

Taylor, Harvey M.

188

Rapid Prototyping Enters Mainstream Manufacturing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains rapid prototyping, a process that uses computer-assisted design files to create a three-dimensional object automatically, speeding the industrial design process. Five commercially available systems and two emerging types--the 3-D printing process and repetitive masking and depositing--are described. (SK)

Winek, Gary

1996-01-01

189

The EOS rapid prototyping concept  

Microsoft Academic Search

The EOS rapid prototyping concept and technological state-of-the-art was presented at the Solid Freeform Manufacturing congress in Dresden in September 1994. Here the concept is discussed in more detail and the technological aspects are updated, in line with the rapid rate of development in this field. First the principle of layer manufacturing techniques (LMT) is defined and their role within

Udo Behrendt; Mike Shellabear

1995-01-01

190

Prototype Moving Base Gravity Gradiometer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report covers the technical studies accomplished during the second six months of this contract to design and develop a prototype moving base gravity gradiometer with a sensitivity of better than 1 EU (10 to the minus 9th power/sq sec.) for a 10 sec in...

C. B. Ames D. W. Rouse P. M. La Hue R. L. Forward R. W. Peterson

1973-01-01

191

OTF Mission Operations Prototype Status  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Reports on the progress of the JSC/OTF prototype of a CCSDS SM&C protocol based communications link between two space flight operations control centers. Varied implementations using software architectures from current web enterprise venues are presented. The AMS protocol (CCSDS Blue Book standard 735.1) was used for messaging and link communications.

Reynolds, Walter F.; Lucord, Steven A.; Stevens, John E.

2009-01-01

192

A Retrofit Tool for Improving Energy Efficiency of Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect

Existing buildings will dominate energy use in commercial buildings in the United States for three decades or longer and even in China for the about two decades. Retrofitting these buildings to improve energy efficiency and reduce energy use is thus critical to achieving the target of reducing energy use in the buildings sector. However there are few evaluation tools that can quickly identify and evaluate energy savings and cost effectiveness of energy conservation measures (ECMs) for retrofits, especially for buildings in China. This paper discusses methods used to develop such a tool and demonstrates an application of the tool for a retrofit analysis. The tool builds on a building performance database with pre-calculated energy consumption of ECMs for selected commercial prototype buildings using the EnergyPlus program. The tool allows users to evaluate individual ECMs or a package of ECMs. It covers building envelope, lighting and daylighting, HVAC, plug loads, service hot water, and renewable energy. The prototype building can be customized to represent an actual building with some limitations. Energy consumption from utility bills can be entered into the tool to compare and calibrate the energy use of the prototype building. The tool currently can evaluate energy savings and payback of ECMs for shopping malls in China. We have used the tool to assess energy and cost savings for retrofit of the prototype shopping mall in Shanghai. Future work on the tool will simplify its use and expand it to cover other commercial building types and other countries.

Levine, Mark; Feng, Wei; Ke, Jing; Hong, Tianzhen; Zhou, Nan

2013-06-06

193

MP98, an innovative reactivity control system for LWR tests results on prototype  

SciTech Connect

MP98' Reactivity Control System is now a technology tested on a real scale prototype. This mock up is working at PWR real conditions (155 bars, 320 deg. C), and many accidents configurations could be simulated. This paper presents this prototype and some first results. This mock up is also build to optimize the design of MP98' devices before industrialization. Until now the theoretical results are verified by the tests results. (authors)

Emin, Michel [MP98' Chief Technology Officer, MP98' technical center, 40, rue Guy de Collongues 69130 Ecully (France)

2004-07-01

194

A failure management prototype: DR/Rx  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This failure management prototype performs failure diagnosis and recovery management of hierarchical, distributed systems. The prototype, which evolved from a series of previous prototypes following a spiral model for development, focuses on two functions: (1) the diagnostic reasoner (DR) performs integrated failure diagnosis in distributed systems; and (2) the recovery expert (Rx) develops plans to recover from the failure. Issues related to expert system prototype design and the previous history of this prototype are discussed. The architecture of the current prototype is described in terms of the knowledge representation and functionality of its components.

Hammen, David G.; Baker, Carolyn G.; Kelly, Christine M.; Marsh, Christopher A.

1991-01-01

195

Integration and evaluation of a simulator designed to be used within a dynamic prototyping environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The human computer interface (HCI) prototyping environment is designed to allow developers to rapidly prototype systems so that the interface and functionality of a system can be evaluated and iteratively refined early in the development process. This keeps development costs down by modifying the interface during the requirements definition phase, thus minimizing changes that need to be made during and after flight code development. Problems occur within a system when the user interface is not adequately developed and when designers and developers have an incomplete understanding of the system requirements. A process has been developed for prototyping on-board payload displays for Space Station Freedom. This prototyping process consists of five phases: identification of known requirements, analysis of the requirements, development of a formal design representation and specification, development of the prototype, and evaluation of the prototype. The actual development of the prototype involves prototyping the displays, developing a low fidelity simulator, building of an interface (or communication) between the displays and the simulator, integration of these components, and testing to ensure that the interface does what the developer expects. This research integrates and evaluates a software tool which has been developed to serve as a simulator within the prototyping environment. The tool is being evaluated to determine whether or not it meets the basic requirements which are needed for a low fidelity simulator within this environment. In order to evaluate the architecture and its components, a human computer interface for and a simulator of an automobile have been developed as a prototype. The individual components (i.e., the interface and simulator) have been developed, and the current research was designed to integrate and test the complete working system within the prototyping environment. The following sections will describe the architecture and components of the rapid prototyping environment, the development of a system to assess the environment, and the integration and evaluation of PERCNET.

Moore, Loretta A.

1993-11-01

196

Integration and evaluation of a simulator designed to be used within a dynamic prototyping environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The human computer interface (HCI) prototyping environment is designed to allow developers to rapidly prototype systems so that the interface and functionality of a system can be evaluated and iteratively refined early in the development process. This keeps development costs down by modifying the interface during the requirements definition phase, thus minimizing changes that need to be made during and after flight code development. Problems occur within a system when the user interface is not adequately developed and when designers and developers have an incomplete understanding of the system requirements. A process has been developed for prototyping on-board payload displays for Space Station Freedom. This prototyping process consists of five phases: identification of known requirements, analysis of the requirements, development of a formal design representation and specification, development of the prototype, and evaluation of the prototype. The actual development of the prototype involves prototyping the displays, developing a low fidelity simulator, building of an interface (or communication) between the displays and the simulator, integration of these components, and testing to ensure that the interface does what the developer expects. This research integrates and evaluates a software tool which has been developed to serve as a simulator within the prototyping environment. The tool is being evaluated to determine whether or not it meets the basic requirements which are needed for a low fidelity simulator within this environment. In order to evaluate the architecture and its components, a human computer interface for and a simulator of an automobile have been developed as a prototype. The individual components (i.e., the interface and simulator) have been developed, and the current research was designed to integrate and test the complete working system within the prototyping environment. The following sections will describe the architecture and components of the rapid prototyping environment, the development of a system to assess the environment, and the integration and evaluation of PERCNET.

Moore, Loretta A.

1993-01-01

197

A New Social Portrait of the Japanese  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A series of surveys taken from 1953-73 assessed postwar attitudes of the Japanese toward religion, tradition, culture, politics, and aesthetics. Findings indicate that Japanese attitudes have become more oriented to the individual than to society. Available from: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Smithsonian Inst., Washington, DC…

Thayer, Nathaniel B.

1977-01-01

198

A MANUAL OF JAPANESE WRITING, BOOK 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

BOOK 2 OF THIS THREE-VOLUME SERIES IS MADE UP OF 35 TEXT LESSONS AND DRILL SENTENCES FOR EACH LESSON, AS WELL AS A SHORT SECTION OF KANA EXERCISES. EACH LESSON INTRODUCES ABOUT 25 NEW CHARACTERS AND INDEXES THEM TO TWO STANDARD JAPANESE WRITING REFERENCE BOOKS (SAKADE'S "A GUIDE TO READING AND WRITING JAPANESE" AND SEKI AND TOYAMA'S "TOYO-KANJI…

CHAPLIN, HAMAKO ITO; MARTIN, SAMUEL E.

199

Japanese Childrearing: Two Generations of Scholarship.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The context of Japanese childrearing has changed during the postwar era. Noting that "new" observations concerning childrearing and socialization may not actually be new, this volume establishes continuity with past researchers by integrating the past half-century of cross-cultural research on Japanese childrearing and socialization, placing…

Shwalb, David W., Ed.; Shwalb, Barbara J., Ed.

200

Numeral Incorporation in Japanese Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the morphological process of numeral incorporation in Japanese Sign Language. Numeral incorporation is defined and the available research on numeral incorporation in signed language is discussed. The numeral signs in Japanese Sign Language are then introduced and followed by an explanation of the numeral morphemes which are…

Ktejik, Mish

2013-01-01

201

Japanese Children's Understanding of Notational Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined Japanese children's understanding of two Japanese notational systems: "hiragana" and "kanji". In three experiments, 126 3- to 6-year-olds were asked to name words written in hiragana or kanji as they appeared with different pictures. Consistent with Bialystok ("Journal of Experimental Child Psychology," 2000, Vol. 76, pp.…

Takahashi, Noboru

2012-01-01

202

Japanese Moral Education Past and Present.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For generations, moral development has been both a conscious aim and a formal process in Japanese education. This book investigates the history and development of Japanese moral education and analyzes and compares current moral education with the concepts of the Imperial Rescript on Education (1890) and the "shushin" moral education of prewar…

Khan, Yoshimitsu

203

GM 2 gangliosidosis in a Japanese Spaniel  

Microsoft Academic Search

A storage disease in a 2-year-old Japanese Spaniel resembled a GM2 gangliosidosis previously identified in a now extinct line of German Shorthaired Pointers. Despite a later appearance of signs in the Japanese Spaniel, the distribution, staining, and ultrastructure of the stored material were similar in the two breeds. Golgi studies of cerebral cortical neurons revealed the formation of spiny and

J. F. Cummings; P. A. Wood; S. U. Walkley; A. de Lahunta; M. E. DeForest

1985-01-01

204

Third Generation Japanese Americans: Prospects and Protents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Japanese Americans have attained a remarkable degree of assimilation, especially on the part of the Sansei, the second American-born generation. In a sample of Sansei studied, three in four report having at least one non-Japanese friend; only 24 percent adhere to Buddhism (as compared to 37 percent among the Nisei, the first American-born…

Montero, Darrel; Levine, Gene N.

205

Japanese Flagship Universities at a Crossroads  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing pace and scope of global structural change has left Japanese flagship universities at a crossroads. Reflecting upon historical trends, current policy changes and respective institutional strategies for global marketing among Japanese top research universities, the author discusses possible future directions for these institutions…

Yonezawa, Akiyoshi

2007-01-01

206

Classroom Silence: Voices from Japanese EFL Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores Japanese EFL learners' classroom silence in a Japanese EFL context. The existence of silence in second language learning contexts can be a source of conflict between students and teachers and even among students themselves. It can also be an obstacle to acquiring the target language. In order to tackle this problem and to…

Harumi, Seiko

2011-01-01

207

Interviews with Japanese FLES Students: Descriptive Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes data from oral interviews with child learners of Japanese as a second language. Findings indicate that: tasks sensitive to students' understanding of critical syntactic structures and manageable for their cognitive level were effective; high-level students tried to produce more Japanese with more complexity; and phrase particle use was…

Traphagan, Tomoko Watanabe

1997-01-01

208

Sexual Partner Preference in Female Japanese Macaques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whether animals ever exhibit a preference for same-sex sexual partners is a subject of debate. Japanese macaques represent excellent models for examining issues related to sexual preference in animals because females, in certain populations, routinely engage in both heterosexual and homosexual behavior over the course of their life spans. Multiple lines of evidence indicate that female homosexual behavior in Japanese

Paul L. Vasey

2002-01-01

209

The BBN Byblos Japanese OCR System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The BBN Byblos OCR system implements a script-independent methodology for OCR using hidden Markov models (HMMs). We have successfully ported the system to Arabic, Pashto, English, and Chinese. We discuss our effort in configuring the system to perform recognition of noisy machine printed Japanese documents. The data for our experimentation was taken from the University of Washington (UW-II) Japanese OCR

Ehry Macrostie; Premkumar Natarajan; Michael Decerbo; Rohit Prasad

2004-01-01

210

Japanese Male Gay and Bisexual Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies have ever dealt with Japanese male gay and bisexual identity. This exploratory study investigated gay and bisexual identity through interviews of 34 Japanese gay and bisexual men. Though Japan has unique cultural aspects that are different from Western countries, it can be shown that Western concepts or models of homosexual identity are applicable to a considerable extent to

Masashi Harada

2002-01-01

211

Adjectives and the Copulas in Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes two seemingly different types of adjectives in Japanese and claims they share fundamentally similar phrase structures. Discusses the hypothesis that there is a phrase for predication. Japanese adjectives show morphological corroboration for this phrase, which is referred to as the predicative copula. (Author/VWL)

Nishiyama, Kunio

1999-01-01

212

The Strategies Used in Japanese Advertisement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the possibility of using Japanese advertising language as a teaching tool in the second language classroom. First, it reviews the aims of advertising and the advantages of learning advertising language in the classroom based on previous research. Next, it discusses language strategies used in Japanese advertising,…

Kurose, Yuki

213

The Imperial Japanese Army and Politics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much available literature on the military and politics in the imperial Japanese army has explained the various motives that led to the military's intervention in politics. The primary assumption of these previous analyses is that the soldiers were very conscious of their intervention. On the contrary, this article contends that the soldiers of the imperial Japanese army did not realize

Yoshihisa Nakamura; Ryoichi Tobe

1988-01-01

214

Early Noun Lexicons in English and Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two experiments examined differences in the early noun learning of English- and Japanese-speaking children. Found that English-speaking children's vocabularies were heavily lopsided with many more object than animal names, whereas Japanese-speaking children's vocabularies were more evenly balanced. Results suggested that early learners of English…

Yoshida, Hanako; Smith, Linda B.

2001-01-01

215

BASIC JAPANESE FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS. REVISED EDITION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE 24 LESSONS IN THIS TEXT ARE DESIGNED FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS BEGINNING JAPANESE LANGUAGE STUDY. THE SELECTION OF VOCABULARY AND THE PRESENTATION OF GRAMMAR ARE DIRECTED TO THE GOAL OF ACQUIRING FACILITY IN SPEAKING RATHER THAN WRITING. FOR A READING TEXT RECOMMENDED FOR USE WITH THIS SPOKEN LANGUAGE TEXT, SEE HIBBETT AND ITSAKA "MODERN JAPANESE,…

NIWA, TAMAKO; MATSUDA, MAYAKO

216

Principles of Japanese Discourse: A Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook offers a detailed description of the structure and rhetorical effects observed in various genres of Japanese discourse. Drawing on Japanese "bunshooron" and incorporating results of Western discourse studies, the book covers principles of overall rhetorical organization, including"ki-shoo-ten-ketsu," topic structure, "danraku," and…

Maynard, Senko K.

217

Handbook for Teaching Japanese-Speaking Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A handbook for teachers, administrators, and bilingual education specialists who deal with limited-English-proficient, Japanese-speaking students is designed to assist this language minority to get the best educational opportunities. Chapters discuss the background of Japanese-speaking people in California, historical and sociocultural factors…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Bilingual Education Office.

218

Interpersonal Mistrust and Unhappiness among Japanese People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our main objective in this paper is to evaluate the possible association between interpersonal mistrust and unhappiness among Japanese people. Based on cross-sectional data for the Japanese general population from the Asia Barometer Survey (2003-2006), we analyzed the relationship between interpersonal mistrust and unhappiness using a logistic…

Tokuda, Yasuharu; Inoguchi, Takashi

2008-01-01

219

Subarashii: Encounters in Japanese Spoken Language Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Subarashii, an experimental computer-based interactive spoken-language education system designed to understand what a student is saying in Japanese and respond in a meaningful way in spoken Japanese. Implementation of a preprototype version of the Subarashii system identified strengths and limitations of continuous speech recognition…

Bernstein, Jared; Najmi, Amir; Ehsani, Farzad

1999-01-01

220

A prototype microthermophotovoltaic power generator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A prototype microthermophotovoltaic (micro-TPV) power generator is described in this letter. The system is made of a SiC (silicon carbide) emitter, a simple nine-layer dielectric filter, and a GaSb (gallium antimony) photovoltaic cell array. In a microcombustor of 0.113 cm3 in volume, when the flow rate of hydrogen is 4.20 g/h, the micro-TPV system is able to deliver an electrical power output of 1.02 W, corresponding to an open-circuit electrical voltage of 2.28 V and a short-circuit current of 0.59 A. The prototype of the micro-TPV system will make it possible for us to substitute batteries with micropower generators in micromechanical devices in the near future.

Yang, W. M.; Chou, S. K.; Shu, C.; Li, Z. W.; Xue, H.

2004-05-01

221

Prototype Morphing Fan Nozzle Demonstrated  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Ongoing research in NASA Glenn Research Center's Structural Mechanics and Dynamics Branch to develop smart materials technologies for aeropropulsion structural components has resulted in the design of the prototype morphing fan nozzle shown in the photograph. This prototype exploits the potential of smart materials to significantly improve the performance of existing aircraft engines by introducing new inherent capabilities for shape control, vibration damping, noise reduction, health monitoring, and flow manipulation. The novel design employs two different smart materials, a shape-memory alloy and magnetorheological fluids, to reduce the nozzle area by up to 30 percent. The prototype of the variable-area fan nozzle implements an overlapping spring leaf assembly to simplify the initial design and to provide ease of structural control. A single bundle of shape memory alloy wire actuators is used to reduce the nozzle geometry. The nozzle is subsequently held in the reduced-area configuration by using magnetorheological fluid brakes. This prototype uses the inherent advantages of shape memory alloys in providing large induced strains and of magnetorheological fluids in generating large resistive forces. In addition, the spring leaf design also functions as a return spring, once the magnetorheological fluid brakes are released, to help force the shape memory alloy wires to return to their original position. A computerized real-time control system uses the derivative-gain and proportional-gain algorithms to operate the system. This design represents a novel approach to the active control of high-bypass-ratio turbofan engines. Researchers have estimated that such engines will reduce thrust specific fuel consumption by 9 percent over that of fixed-geometry fan nozzles. This research was conducted under a cooperative agreement (NCC3-839) at the University of Akron.

Lee, Ho-Jun; Song, Gang-Bing

2004-01-01

222

The Cornell ERL prototype project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Synchrotron light sources based on Energy Recovery Linacs (ERLs) show promise to deliver X-ray beams with both brilliance and X-ray pulse duration far superior to the values that can be achieved with storage ring technology. Cornell University, in collaboration with Jefferson Laboratory, has proposed the construction of a prototype ERL. This 100MeV, 100mA CW superconducting electron accelerator will be used

G. H. Hoffstaetter; B. Barstow; Ivan Bazarov; Sergey Belomestnykh; Don Bilderback; Sol Gruner; M. Liepe; H. Padamsee; D. Sagan; V. Shemelin; C. Sinclair; Richard Talman; Maury Tigner; V. Veshcherevich; Geoffrey Krafft; L. Merminga

2003-01-01

223

Haptic device for virtual prototyping  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In determining the quality of a car, switch feeling is one of the important factors. Designing switches is time consuming because the relationships between characteristics of a desired switch and design parameters such as spring stiffness or stroke are not very clear, and furthermore, physical evaluation requires prototypes. A haptic Virtual Prototyping Environment (VPE), in which CAE (Computer-Aided Engineering) and haptic interface work together to display virtual feelings of mechanisms designed by CAD (Computer-Aided Design) will enable designers to feel the motions of the designed switches without prototypes. This paper presents design and quantitative evaluation of a haptic VPE for power window switches. We compared relationship between displacement and static reaction force, and acceleration during clicking motion. The similarity in the force vs stroke curve (FS curve) suggests the overall similarity in the feeling of the whole switch stroke. The acceleration showed some differences, which was felt as somewhat softer clicking effect. The lower frequency of the residual vibration of the haptic device indicates that the equivalent inertia of the haptic device is larger than that of the real switch. Although the overall motion of the switch stroke felt similar, quality of reality needs further refinement. Introduction of acceleration feedback for reducing the equivalent inertia is discussed.

Morioka, Takashi; Sasaki, Ken; Miyatake, Hideki; Itoh, Michimasa

2007-12-01

224

Majorana Thermosyphon Prototype Experimental Results  

SciTech Connect

Objective The Majorana demonstrator will operate at liquid Nitrogen temperatures to ensure optimal spectrometric performance of its High Purity Germanium (HPGe) detector modules. In order to transfer the heat load of the detector module, the Majorana demonstrator requires a cooling system that will maintain a stable liquid nitrogen temperature. This cooling system is required to transport the heat from the detector chamber outside the shield. One approach is to use the two phase liquid-gas equilibrium to ensure constant temperature. This cooling technique is used in a thermosyphon. The thermosyphon can be designed so the vaporization/condensing process transfers heat through the shield while maintaining a stable operating temperature. A prototype of such system has been built at PNNL. This document presents the experimental results of the prototype and evaluates the heat transfer performance of the system. The cool down time, temperature gradient in the thermosyphon, and heat transfer analysis are studied in this document with different heat load applied to the prototype.

Fast, James E.; Reid, Douglas J.; Aguayo Navarrete, Estanislao

2010-12-17

225

Building Awareness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the importance of developing students' building awareness by exploring logos, or buildings that symbolize a country, to learn about architecture and the cultures in different countries. Explores categories of buildings. Includes examples of logos from around the world. (CMK)

Meilach, Dona Z.

2001-01-01

226

A planning tool prototype for environment adaptations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the area of adapting\\/constructing homes and workplaces for the physically disabled, a computer-based planning tool has been prototyped and evaluated. The prototypes so far have been based on Macintosh computers and commercially available 3-D modeling and multimedia programs. Six case-studies formed the basis for user-oriented prototyping and evaluation. The present prototype was found useful in supporting the planner (e.g.,

J. Eriksson; G. I. Johansson; K. R. Akselsson

1995-01-01

227

An approach for assessing software prototypes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A procedure for evaluating a software prototype is presented. The need to assess the prototype itself arises from the use of prototyping to demonstrate the feasibility of a design or development stategy. The assessment procedure can also be of use in deciding whether to evolve a prototype into a complete system. The procedure consists of identifying evaluations criteria, defining alterative design approaches, and ranking the alternatives according to the criteria.

Church, V. E.; Card, D. N.; Agresti, W. W.; Jordan, Q. L.

1986-01-01

228

Sane prototypes of insane mental processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses the connection between the sane and insane phases of the mind. There are sane prototypes for all the chief insane mental processes. The delusions of the sane are the causal prototypes of the false beliefs of the insane. A number of sane prototypes of delusions of accusation, persecution, hypochodriasis, and superstition are found in history. Even the hallucinations and

Theodore H. Kellogg

1908-01-01

229

Digital prototype of LLRF system for SSRF  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a field programming gate array (FPGA) based low level radio frequency (LLRF) prototype for the SSRF storage ring RF system. This prototype includes the local oscillator (LO), analog front end, digital front end, RF out, clock distributing, digital signal processing and communication functions. All feedback algorithms are performed in FPGA. The long term of the test prototype

Yu-Bin Zhao; Cheng-Ke Yin; Tong-Xuan Zhang; Ze-Chuan Fu; Zhen-Tang Zhao; Zhi-Min Dai; Jian-Fei Liu; Fang Wang

2008-01-01

230

Science Nation: Japanese Quake Test  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Colorado State University engineer John van de Lindt leads a team that's developing new ways to build mid-rise, wood-frame buildings that can stand up to earthquakes. In many earthquake-prone areas of the U.S., wood-frame buildings taller than three stories are uncommon--and building codes generally limit such construction to just four stories. Van de Lindt hopes validation of the new design techniques could safely push those building codes to six stories, or even taller. To test their new design, the team turned to E-Defense, a remote shake table facility in Miki City, Japan. The event was the grand finale in a series of shake tests on wood structures funded by the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES).

231

The Semantics and Pragmatics of Japanese Focus Particles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Japanese has a rich set of focus particles, several exclusive and additive particles, and, in addition, contrastive particles. This thesis provides a formal description of the meanings of Japanese focus particles and addresses two general questions: "What kinds concepts do Japanese focus particles express?" and "Why does Japanese have a larger…

Hasegawa, Akio

2011-01-01

232

Some Design Issues for an Online Japanese Textbook  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses several design issues in the development of a new online Japanese textbook, called "Robo-Sensei: Japanese Curriculum with Automated Feedback". When it is completed, the new online textbook will present a full Japanese curriculum. It extends a previously published online software program, "Robo-Sensei: Personal Japanese Tutor"…

Nagata, Noriko

2010-01-01

233

Gendering the Japanese political system: The gender-specific pattern of political activity and women's political participation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Japanese political arena, gender equality remains elusive. To explore the reasons for that inequality, this paper analyses the gender-specific pattern of political activity in Japan in the post-war period. Building on analyses of feminist theorists, it examines three case studies before proceeding to a discussion of the issue of women's political participation in Japan. It concludes with a

Hiroko Takeda

2006-01-01

234

A prototype Upper Atmospheric Research Collaboratory (UARC)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Collaboratory concept has great potential for enabling 'critical mass' working groups and highly interdisciplinary research projects. We report here on a new program to build a prototype collaboratory using the Sondrestrom Upper Atmospheric Research Facility in Kangerlussuaq, Greenland and a group of associated scientists. The Upper Atmospheric Research Collaboratory (UARC) is a joint venture of researchers in upper atmospheric and space science, computer science, and behavioral science to develop a testbed for collaborative remote research. We define the 'collaboratory' as an advanced information technology environment which enables teams to work together over distance and time on a wide variety of intellectual tasks. It provides: (1) human-to-human communications using shared computer tools and work spaces; (2) group access and use of a network of information, data, and knowledge sources; and (3) remote access and control of instruments for data acquisition. The UARC testbed is being implemented to support a distributed community of space scientists so that they have network access to the remote instrument facility in Kangerlussuaq and are able to interact among geographically distributed locations. The goal is to enable them to use the UARC rather than physical travel to Greenland to conduct team research campaigns. Even on short notice through the collaboratory from their home institutions, participants will be able to meet together to operate a battery of remote interactive observations and to acquire, process, and interpret the data.

Clauer, C. R.; Atkins, D. E; Weymouth, T. E.; Olson, G. M.; Niciejewski, R.; Finholt, T. A.; Prakash, A.; Rasmussen, C. E.; Killeen, T.; Rosenberg, T. J.

1995-01-01

235

ANTARES: A Prototype Transient Broker System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Arizona-NOAO Temporal Analysis and Response to Events System (ANTARES) is a joint project of the National Optical Astronomy Observatory and the Department of Computer Science at the University of Arizona. The goal is to build the software infrastructure necessary to process and filter alerts produced by time-domain surveys, with the ultimate source of such alerts being the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST). ANTARES will add value to alerts by annotating them with information from external sources such as previous surveys from across the electromagnetic spectrum. In addition, the temporal history of annotated alerts will provide further annotation for analysis. These alerts will go through a cascade of filters to select interesting candidates. For the prototype, 'interesting' is defined as the rarest or most unusual alert, but future systems will accommodate multiple filtering goals. The system is designed to be flexible, allowing users to access the stream at multiple points throughout the process, and to insert custom filters where necessary. We will describe the basic architecture of ANTARES and the principles that will guide development and implementation.

Matheson, Thomas; Saha, A.; Snodgrass, R.; Kececioglu, J.

2014-01-01

236

Test of the HISPET prototype  

SciTech Connect

The test of a small version of the high spatial resolution positron emission tomograph (HISPET) is presented. The HISPET prototype consists of two 50* 50 cm{sup 2} multiwire proportional chambers with a 2 cm thick lead-glass drift space converter. A CAMAC acquisition system connected to a MAC II computer has been set up. Experimental data with a {sup 22} Na pointlike source have been reconstructed with a 3-D filtered backprojection algorithm. A spatial resolution better than 9 mm (FWHM) and a quantitation capability at {+-} 10% have been measured.

Del Guerra, A. (Naples Univ. (Italy). Ist. di Fisica); Conti, M.; De Pascalis, G.; Maiano, P.; Rizzo, C. (INFN, Sezione de Pisa, Via Vecchia Livornese, I-56010 S. Piero a Grado, Pisa (IT))

1990-04-01

237

A prototype Distributed Audit System  

SciTech Connect

Security auditing systems are used to detect and assess unauthorized or abusive system usage. Historically, security audits were confined to a single computer system. Recent work examines ways of extending auditing to include heterogeneous groups of computers (distributed system). This paper describes the design and prototype development of a Distributed Audit System (DAS) which was developed with funding received from Lawrence Livermore Laboratory and through the Master`s thesis effort performed by the author at California State University, Long Beach. The DAS is intended to provide collection, transfer, and control of audit data on distributed, heterogeneous hosts.

Banning, D.L. [Sparta, Inc., El Segundo, CA (United States)

1993-08-01

238

Japanese Advanced Meteorological Imager: a next generation GEO imager for MTSAT-1R  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Japanese Advanced Meteorological Imager (JAMI) introduces next generation technology geosynchronous earth orbit (GEO) imagers for operational meteorological remote sensing. Raytheon Santa Barbara Remote Sensing is building JAMI for Space Systems\\/Loral as the imager subsystem for Japan's MTSAT-1R system. JAMI represents the best balance between heritage and newer space-qualified technology and meets all Japan Ministry of Transport MTSAT requirements from

Jeffery J. Puschell; Howard A. Lowe; James W. Jeter; Steven M. Kus; W. Todd Hurt; David Gilman; David L. Rogers; Roger L. Hoelter; Russ Ravella

2002-01-01

239

Japanese plan for SSF utilization  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Japanese Experiment Module (JEM) program has made significant progress. The JEM preliminary design review was completed in July 1992; construction of JEM operation facilities has begun; and the micro-G airplane, drop shaft, and micro-G experiment rocket are all operational. The national policy for JEM utilization was also established. The Space Experiment Laboratory (SEL) opened in June '92 and will function as a user support center. Eight JEM multiuser facilities are in phase B, and scientific requirements are being defined for 17 candidate multiuser facilities. The National Joint Research Program is about to start. Precursor missions and early Space Station utilization activities are being defined. This paper summarizes the program in outline and graphic form.

Mizuno, Toshio

1992-01-01

240

Bifid mandibular canal in Japanese.  

PubMed

The location and configuration of mandibular canal variations are important in surgical procedures involving the mandible, such as extraction of an impacted third molar, dental implant treatment, and sagittal split ramus osteotomy. We report 3 Japanese patients with bifid mandibular canals using panoramic radiograph and multi-slice helical computed tomography (CT) images. In 2 of the 5 sides, the bifid mandibular canal was suggested on panoramic radiograph. The bifid mandibular canal had a short and narrow upper canal toward the distal area of the second molar in 4 sides, and a short and narrow lower canal toward the distal area of second molar in 1 side, as revealed on reconstructed CT images. Since the location and configuration of mandibular canal variations are important in surgical procedures involving the mandible, they should be carefully observed using reconstructed CT images. PMID:17356369

Naitoh, Munetaka; Hiraiwa, Yuichiro; Aimiya, Hidetoshi; Gotoh, Masakazu; Ariji, Yoshiko; Izumi, Masahiro; Kurita, Kenichi; Ariji, Eiichiro

2007-03-01

241

Microgravity research in Japanese industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Japanese industry will have many opportunities to perform microgravity tests in the 1990s. The world's longest dropshaft was completed in Hokkaido last year. SJAC has many programs, including GAS, MASER, CASIMIR, COSIMA, and MIR. In fact, 12 electronic and 4 biomaterial experiments using GAS canisters which have been waiting since 1986 will be finished by early 1993. STC will carry out 4 experiments on D-2 in 1993. USEF has two high-quality experiment programs on SFU and EXPRESS. SFU is an unmanned platform for multiple uses and the first flight is expected in 1994 or 95. Ground tests of 8 material experiments are now in progress. EXPRESS is a reusable reentry capsule. Multireactors in an autoclave which are designed for zeolite and catalyst crystal growth on EXPRESS have been developed.

Kudo, Isao

1993-07-01

242

An inductive reasoning approach for building system safety risk models of aviation accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

An inductive reasoning approach is employed to develop a prototype hybrid decision support tool whose main objective is to build probabilistic causal models representing the safety risk involved in aviation accidents. In this context, 15 aircraft accidents representative of five major accident types are selected to build an initial seed for the case?base of the prototype tool. Consequently, within each

Ahmet E. Oztekin; James T. Luxhøj

2010-01-01

243

CALIFA Barrel prototype detector characterisation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Well established in the field of scintillator detection, Caesium Iodide remains at the forefront of scintillators for use in modern calorimeters. Recent developments in photosensor technology have lead to the production of Large Area Avalanche Photo Diodes (LAAPDs), a huge advancement on traditional photosensors in terms of high internal gain, dynamic range, magnetic field insensitivity, high quantum efficiency and fast recovery time. The R3B physics programme has a number of requirements for its calorimeter, one of the most challenging being the dual functionality as both a calorimeter and a spectrometer. This involves the simultaneous detection of ˜300MeV protons and gamma rays ranging from 0.1 to 20 MeV. This scintillator - photosensor coupling provides an excellent solution in this capacity, in part due to the near perfect match of the LAAPD quantum efficiency peak to the light output wavelength of CsI(Tl). Modern detector development is guided by use of Monte Carlo simulations to predict detector performance, nonetheless it is essential to benchmark these simulations against real data taken with prototype detector arrays. Here follows an account of the performance of two such prototypes representing different polar regions of the Barrel section of the forthcoming CALIFA calorimeter. Measurements were taken for gamma-ray energies up to 15.1 MeV (Maier-Leibnitz Laboratory, Garching, Germany) and for direct irradiation with a 180 MeV proton beam (The Svedberg Laboratoriet, Uppsala, Sweden). Results are discussed in light of complementary GEANT4 simulations.

Pietras, B.; Gascón, M.; Álvarez-Pol, H.; Bendel, M.; Bloch, T.; Casarejos, E.; Cortina-Gil, D.; Durán, I.; Fiori, E.; Gernhäuser, R.; González, D.; Kröll, T.; Le Bleis, T.; Montes, N.; Nácher, E.; Robles, M.; Perea, A.; Vilán, J. A.; Winkel, M.

2013-11-01

244

Validation of Stereotypes: Japanese Versus American Students.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Stereotype data were drawn from American and Japanese student samples about each other and themselves. The stereotypes were also compared with personal values (Edwards Personal Preference Schedule) as expressed by samples drawn from the same populations. ...

M. Abate F. K. Berrien

1967-01-01

245

A Japanese and Ainu Linguistic Feast.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Masayoshi Shibatani's "The Languages of Japan" is reviewed, with reference to the chapters on the syntax and morphology of Ainu as well as the book's massive study of Japanese. (Contains 18 references.) (LB)

McCawley, James D.

1993-01-01

246

Modal Split in the Japanese Passenger Transport.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The modal split in the Japanese long distance passenger transport as well as its reasons and impacts are examined. Especially the competition between automobile and train and between train and airplane is thouroughly analyzed because the competition in Ja...

D. Eberlein

1982-01-01

247

Regional Classification of Traditional Japanese Folk Songs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, we focus on the melodies of Japanese folk songs, and examine the basic structures of Japanese folk songs that represent the characteristics of different regions. We sample the five largest song genres within the music corpora of the Nihon Min-yo Taikan (Anthology of Japanese Folk Songs), consisting of 202,246 tones from 1,794 song pieces from 45 prefectures in Japan. Then, we calculate the probabilities of 24 transition patterns that fill the interval of the perfect fourth pitch, which is the interval that maintains most of the frequency for one-step and two-step pitch transitions within 11 regions, in order to determine the parameters for cluster analysis. As a result, we successively classify the regions into two basic groups, eastern Japan and western Japan, which corresponds to geographical factors and cultural backgrounds, and also match accent distributions in the Japanese language.

Kawase, Akihiro; Tokosumi, Akifumi

248

STUDIES ON SWITCH-BASED EVENT BUILDING SYSTEMS IN RD13  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the goals of the RD13 project at CERN is to investigate the feasibility of parallel event building system for detectors at the LHC. Studies were performed by building a prototype based on the HiPPI standard and by modelling this prototype and extended architectures with MODSIM II. The prototype used commercially available VME-HiPPI interfaces and a HiPPI switch together

C. P. Beea; S. Eshghib; R. Jones; S. Kolos; C. Magherini; C. Maidantchikd; G. Mornacchif Mapellie; A. Patelg; D. Prigent; R. Spiwoksh; M. Caprinii; P. Y. Duval; F. Etienne; D. Ferrato; Le Van Suu; Z. Qian

249

Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Prototype Demonstration for Consumer Electronics Applications  

SciTech Connect

This report is the final technical report for DOE Program DE-FC36-04GO14301 titled “Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Prototype Demonstration for Consumer Electronics Applications”. Due to the public nature of this report some of the content reported in confidential reports and meetings to the DOE is not covered in detail in this report and some of the content has been normalized to not show actual values. There is a comparison of the projects accomplishments with the objectives, an overview of some of the key subsystem work, and a review of the three levels of prototypes demonstrated during the program. There is also a description of the eventual commercial product and market this work is leading towards. The work completed under this program has significantly increased the understanding of how Direct Methanol Fuel Cells (DMFC) can be deployed successfully to power consumer electronic devices. The prototype testing has demonstrated the benefits a direct methanol fuel cell system has over batteries typically used for powering consumer electronic devices. Three generations of prototypes have been developed and tested for performance, robustness and life. The technologies researched and utilized in the fuel cell stack and related subsystems for these prototypes are leveraged from advances in other industries such as the hydrogen fueled PEM fuel cell industry. The work under this program advanced the state of the art of direct methanol fuel cells. The system developed by MTI micro fuel cells aided by this program differs significantly from conventional DMFC designs and offers compelling advantages in the areas of performance, life, size, and simplicity. The program has progressed as planned resulting in the completion of the scope of work and available funding in December 2008. All 18 of the final P3 prototypes builds have been tested and the results showed significant improvements over P2 prototypes in build yield, initial performance, and durability. The systems have demonstrated robust operation when tested at various orientations, temperatures, and humidity levels. Durability testing has progressed significantly over the course of the program. MEA, engine, and system level steady state testing has demonstrated degradation rates acceptable for initial product introduction. Test duration of over 5000 hrs has been achieved at both the MEA and breadboard system level. P3 level prototype life testing on engines (stacks with reactant conditioning) showed degradation rates comparable to carefully constructed lab fixtures. This was a major improvement over the P2 and P1 engine designs, which exhibited substantial reductions in life and performance between the lab cell and the actual engine. Over the course of the work on the P3 technology set, a platform approach was taken to the system design. By working in this direction, a number of product iterations with substantial market potential were identified. Although the main effort has been the development of a prototype charger for consumer electronic devices, multiple other product concepts were developed during the program showing the wide variety of potential applications.

Carlstrom, Charles, M., Jr.

2009-07-07

250

High efficiency radioisotope thermophotovoltaic prototype generator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A radioisotope thermophotovoltaic generator space power system (RTPV) is lightweight, low-cost alternative to the present radioisotope thermoelectric generator system (RTG). The fabrication of such an RTPV generator has recently become feasible as the result of the invention of the GaSb infrared sensitive photovoltaic cell. Herein, we present the results of a parametric study of emitters and optical filters in conjuction with existing data on gallium antimonide cells. We compare a polished tungsten emitter with an Erbia selective emitter for use in combination with a simple dielectric filter and a gallium antimonide cell array. We find that the polished tungsten emitter is by itself a very selective emitter with low emissivity beyond 4 microns. Given a gallium antimonide cell and a tungsten emitter, a simple dielectric filter can be designed to transmit radiant energy below 1.7 microns and to reflect radiant energy between 1.7 and 4 microns back to the emitter. Because of the low long wavelength emissivity associated with the polished tungsten emitter, this simple dielectric filter then yields very respectable system performance. Also as a result of the longer wavelength fall-off in the tungsten emissivity curve, the radiation energy peak for a polished tungsten emitter operating at 1300 K shifts to shorter wavelengths relative to the blackbody spectrum so that the radiated energy peak falls right at the gallium antimonide cell bandedge. The result is that the response of the gallium antimonide cell is well matched to a polished tungsten emitter. We propose, therefore, to fabricate an operating prototype of a near term radioisotope thermophotovoltaic generator design consisting of a polished tungsten emitter, standard gallium antimonide cells, and a near-term dielectric filter. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory will design and build the thermal cavity, and JX Crystals will fabricate the gallium antimonide cells, dielectric filters, and resultant receiver panels. With 250 Watts of heat input, we expect this prototype to produce over 300 Watts of electrical energy output for a system energy conversion efficiency of over 12%. This low risk, near term design provides advances relative to present radioisotope thermophotovoltaic generators and has the additional advantage of allowing component and system development and testing to begin immediately. Improved cells and filters can easily be incorporated in this baseline system if they should become available in the future.

Avery, James E.; Samaras, John E.; Fraas, Lewis M.; Ewell, Richard

1995-01-01

251

High efficiency radioisotope thermophotovoltaic prototype generator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A radioisotope thermophotovoltaic generator space power system (RTPV) is lightweight, low-cost alternative to the present radioisotope thermoelectric generator system (RTG). The fabrication of such an RTPV generator has recently become feasible as the result of the invention of the GaSb infrared sensitive photovoltaic cell. Herein, we present the results of a parametric study of emitters and optical filters in conjuction with existing data on gallium antimonide cells. We compare a polished tungsten emitter with an Erbia selective emitter for use in combination with a simple dielectric filter and a gallium antimonide cell array. We find that the polished tungsten emitter is by itself a very selective emitter with low emissivity beyond 4 microns. Given a gallium antimonide cell and a tungsten emitter, a simple dielectric filter can be designed to transmit radiant energy below 1.7 microns and to reflect radiant energy between 1.7 and 4 microns back to the emitter. Because of the low long wavelength emissivity associated with the polished tungsten emitter, this simple dielectric filter then yields very respectable system performance. Also as a result of the longer wavelength fall-off in the tungsten emissivity curve, the radiation energy peak for a polished tungsten emitter operating at 1300 K shifts to shorter wavelengths relative to the blackbody spectrum so that the radiated energy peak falls right at the gallium antimonide cell bandedge. The result is that the response of the gallium antimonide cell is well matched to a polished tungsten emitter. We propose, therefore, to fabricate an operating prototype of a near term radioisotope thermophotovoltaic generator design consisting of a polished tungsten emitter, standard gallium antimonide cells, and a near-term dielectric filter. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory will design and build the thermal cavity, and JX Crystals will fabricate the gallium antimonide cells, dielectric filters, and resultant receiver panels. With 250 Watts of heat input, we expect this prototype to produce over 300 Watts of electrical energy output for a system energy conversion efficiency of over 12%. This low risk, near term design provides advances relative to present radioisotope thermophotovoltaic generators and has the additional advantage of allowing component and system development and testing to begin immediately. Improved cells and filters can easily be incorporated in this baseline system if they should become available in the future.

Avery, James E.; Samaras, John E.; Fraas, Lewis M.; Ewell, Richard

1995-10-01

252

OPERATING THE WAND AND HERCULES PROTOTYPE SYSTEMS  

SciTech Connect

Two prototype systems for low-density Green is Clean (GIC) waste at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) have been in operation for three years at the Solid Waste Operation's (SWOs) non-destructive assay (NDA) building. The Waste Assay for Nonradioactive Disposal (WAND) and the High Efficiency Radiation Counters for Ultimate Low Emission Sensitivity (HERCULES) are used to verify the waste generator's acceptable knowledge (AK) that low-density waste is nonradioactive. GIC waste includes all non-regulated waste generated in radiological controlled areas (RCAs) that has been actively segregated as ''clean'' (i.e., nonradioactive) through the use of waste generator AK. GIC waste that is verified clean can be disposed of at the Los Alamos County Landfill. It is estimated that 50-90% of the low-density room trash from RCAs at LANL might be free of contamination. To date, with pilot programs at five facilities at LANL, 3000 cubic feet of GIC waste has been verified clean by these two prototype systems. Both the WAND and HERCULES systems are highly sensitive measurement systems optimized to detect very small quantities of common LANL radionuclides. Both of the systems use a set of phoswich scintillation detectors in close proximity to the waste, which have the capability of detecting plutonium-239 concentrations below 3 pCi per gram of low density waste. Both systems detect low-energy x-rays and a broad range of gamma rays (10-2000 keV), while the WAND system also detects high energy beta particles (>100 keV). The WAND system consists of a bank of six shielded detectors which screen low density shredded waste or stacked sheets of paper moving under the detectors in a twelve inch swath on a conveyor belt. The WAND system was developed and tested at the Los Alamos Plutonium Facility in conjunction with instrument system designers from the Los Alamos Safeguards Science and Technology group. The HERCULES system consists of a bank of three shielded detectors which screen low-density waste in two cubic foot cardboard boxes or in bags sitting on a turntable. Waste that does not pass the verification process can be examined within the facility to determine the type and quantity of the contamination and its origin within a waste container. The paper discusses lessons learned that have helped generators improve their AK segregation.

K. GRUETZMACHER; ET AL

2001-01-01

253

The Computational Chemistry Prototyping Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evolving technologies, as exemplified by computational grids and Web services, have made it possible to solve new scientific problems that would not have been feasible previously. In order to make such advances available to the community in general and to be able to solve new problems, not necessarily from the same discipline, it is imperative to build tools that provide

KIM K. BALDRIDGE; JERRY P. GREENBERG; WIBKE SUDHOLT; STEPHEN MOCK; ILKAY ALTINTAS; CELINE AMOREIRA; YOHANN POTIER; ADAM BIRNBAUM; KARAN BHATIA; MICHELA TAUFER

2005-01-01

254

Prototype solar-heating system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Complete air-collector system to meet needs of single-family dwelling is designed to operate in any region of United States except extreme north and south. Design can be scaled up or down to accomodate wide range of heating and hot-water requirements for single-family, multi-family, or commercial buildings without significantly changing design concept.

1978-01-01

255

Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with Thermal Mass in California  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the potential impact of demand response (DR) strategies in commercial buildings in California based on the Demand Response Quick Assessment Tool (DRQAT), which uses EnergyPlus simulation prototypes for office and retail buildings. The study describes the potential impact of building size, thermal mass, climate, and DR strategies on demand savings in commercial buildings. Sensitivity analyses are

Rongxin Yin; Sila Kiliccote; Mary Ann Piette; Kristen Parrish

2010-01-01

256

Japanese tooth size: past and present.  

PubMed

Mesial-distal and buccal-lingual crown measurements were made on male and female samples of recent Japanese teeth from three locations, Fukuoka, Kyoto, and Tokyo, and for Hokkaido Ainu and Koreans. Similar data were collected for prehistoric Middle-to-Late Jomon Japanese and from Yayoi specimens representing the first agriculturalists to appear in Japan. From a tooth-by-tooth comparison of cross-sectional areas, it was shown that the modern Japanese samples did not differ from one part of Japan to another. Korean tooth size also is not significantly different from Japanese, while Ainu have the smallest teeth recorded in Asia. The Yayoi who brought rice to Japan about 300 B.C. came in with teeth that were the same size as Chinese Neolithic teeth. They encountered a resident Jomon population whose teeth were 10% smaller. From tooth size measures alone, it is most economical to suggest that, if the rates of reduction observed elsewhere in the world applied in Japan, the recent Ainu would best be regarded as the direct descendants of the Jomon, while the modern Japanese are the results of in situ reduction from the incoming Yayoi. Other aspects of craniofacial morphology suggest that some Jomon was incorporated by the Yayoi. The modern Japanese, then, while predominantly derived from the Yayoi, would include a Jomon component. PMID:6762098

Brace, C L; Nagai, M

1982-12-01

257

Simulation for Iron Calorimeter prototype detector of India-based Neutrino Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) collaboration is proposing to build a 50 kton magnetized iron calorimeter (ICAL) detector in an underground laboratory to be located in South India. As a first step towards building the ICAL detector, a 35 ton prototype of the same design has been set up on the surface to track cosmic ray muons. This paper discusses the prototype detector geometry simulation by GEANT4, and the detector response to the cosmic muons. We have developed a track fitting procedure based on the Kalman Filter technique for the prototype detector when the detector is exposed to single muon tracks. The relevant track parameters i.e., momentum, direction and charge are reconstructed and analyzed. Finally we show the resolution of reconstructed momenta.

Ghosh, Tapasi; Chattopadhyay, Subhasis

2010-03-01

258

The Clinical Record Demonstration: Evolutionary Development and Prototyping of Clinical Functionalities  

PubMed Central

Concepts presented by the demonstration suggest that the development of complex clinical functionalities may best be supported using certain non-traditional approaches. Evolutionary development, in conjunction with structured prototyping, provides a mechanism to build usable, intuitive clinical tools in an environment which directly involves the end user and minimizes project risk.

Olsen, Jeff L.; Laub, James J.; Shepard, Barclay M.

1990-01-01

259

Weapon-Grade Plutonium Production Potential in the Indian Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor  

Microsoft Academic Search

India is building a 500 MWe Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor, which is scheduled to be operational by 2010. India has refused to accept international safeguards on this facility, raising concerns that the plutonium produced in its uranium blankets might be used to make nuclear weapons. Based on neutronics calculations for a detailed three-dimensional model of the reactor, we estimate that

Alexander Glaser; M. V. Ramana

2007-01-01

260

Improved prototype cryomodule for the CEBAF 12 GeV upgrade  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to provide a higher performance building block cryomodule for the CEBAF 12 GeV upgrade, modifications have been made to the design of the Upgrade Cryomodule. The prototype cryomodule will be completed in 2004 and be installed for operation in CEBAF. Design changes enable the use of higher gradient cavities to achieve greater than 100 MV per cryomodule while

E. F. Daly; I. E. Campisi; J. Henry; W. R. Hicks; J. Hogan; P. Kneisel; D. Machie; C. E. Reece; T. Rothgeb; J. Sekutowicz; K. Smith; T. Whitlatch; K. M. Wilson; M. Wiseman

2003-01-01

261

Arkose: A Prototype Mechanism and Tool for Collaborative Information Generation and Distillation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goals of this thesis have been to gain a better understanding of collaborative knowledge sharing and distilling and to build a prototype collaborative system that supports flexible knowledge generation and distillation. To reach these goals, I have conducted two user studies and built two systems. The first system, Arkose 1.0, is a…

Nam, Kevin Kyung

2010-01-01

262

Development and Testing of a Variable Wall Miner Breadboard Prototype Unit.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of the contract is to design, build, surface test, and evaluate a breadboard prototype of the Variable Wall Mining System so that data are available for the design of a production machine. The Variable Wall Mining System (VWMS) consists of a...

R. J. Mathis J. M. Burkes D. H. Weissling

1987-01-01

263

Teaching Tip: Using Rapid Game Prototyping for Exploring Requirements Discovery and Modeling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We describe the use of rapid game prototyping as a pedagogic technique to experientially explore and learn requirements discovery, modeling, and specification in systems analysis and design courses. Students have a natural interest in gaming that transcends age, gender, and background. Rapid digital game creation is used to build computer games…

Dalal, Nikunj

2012-01-01

264

Learners' Level of Understanding of the Inclusion Relations of Quadrilaterals and prototype Phenomenon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on data from investigations on learners' understanding of inclusion relations of quadrilaterals, building on the ideas from our earlier study (Fujita & Jones, 2007). By synthesising past and current theories in the teaching of geometry (van Hiele's model, figural concepts, prototype phenomenon, etc.), we propose a theoretical…

Fujita, Taro

2012-01-01

265

TRADEWIND: A PROTOTYPE INTERNET MARKETPLACE FOR SOLID FREE-FORM FABRICATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

TRADEWIND is a prototype electronic marketplace for SFF processes. This marketplace facilitates the interaction between designers and manufacturers from the initial request for bids to build a design up to transaction closure. The system is built with three distinct layers of functionality corresponding to the market functions of presence and accreditation, bid resolution and transaction closure. The bid resolution process

Sian Tan; Alan Rothkopf; Miguel Pinilla

266

Start to End Simulations of the ERL Prototype at Daresbury Laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Daresbury Laboratory is currently building an Energy Recovery Linac Prototype (ERLP) that will serve as a research and development facility for the study of beam dynamics and accelerator technology important to the design and construction of the proposed 4th Generation Light Source (4GLS) project. Two major objectives of the ERLP are the demonstration of energy recovery and of energy recovery

C. Gerth; M. Bowler; B. Muratori; H. L. Owen; N. R. Thompson; B. Faatz; B. W. J. McNeil

2005-01-01

267

Hadron therapy information sharing prototype.  

PubMed

The European PARTNER project developed a prototypical system for sharing hadron therapy data. This system allows doctors and patients to record and report treatment-related events during and after hadron therapy. It presents doctors and statisticians with an integrated view of adverse events across institutions, using open-source components for data federation, semantics, and analysis. There is a particular emphasis upon semantic consistency, achieved through intelligent, annotated form designs. The system as presented is ready for use in a clinical setting, and amenable to further customization. The essential contribution of the work reported here lies in the novel data integration and reporting methods, as well as the approach to software sustainability achieved through the use of community-supported open-source components. PMID:23824127

Roman, Faustin Laurentiu; Abler, Daniel; Kanellopoulos, Vassiliki; Amoros, Gabriel; Davies, Jim; Dosanjh, Manjit; Jena, Raj; Kirkby, Norman; Peach, Ken; Salt, Jose

2013-07-01

268

The Cornell ERL Prototype Project  

SciTech Connect

Synchrotron light sources based on Energy Recovery Linacs (ERLs) show promise to deliver X-ray beams with both brilliance and X-ray pulse duration far superior to the values that can be achieved with storage ring technology. Cornell University, in collaboration with Jefferson Laboratory, has proposed the construction of a prototype ERL. This 100MeV, 100mACWsuperconducting electron accelerator will be used to study and resolve the many accelerator physics and technology issues of this type of machine. These studies are essential before ERLs can be confidently proposed for large-scale applications such as synchrotron light sources. Key issues include the generation of high average current, high brightness electron beams; acceleration and transport of these beams while preserving their brightness; adequate damping of higher order modes (HOMs) to assure beam stability; removal of large amounts of HOM power from the cryogenic environment; stable RF control of cavities opera

Sinclair, Charles; Barstow, B.; Bazarov, Ivan; Belomestnykh, Sergey; Bilderback, Don; Gruner, Sol; Hoffstaetter, Georg; Liepe, Matthias; Padamsee, Hasan; Sagan, David; Shemelin, V.; Talman, Richard; Tigner, Maury; Veshcherevich, V.; Krafft, Geoffrey; Merminga, Nikolitsa

2003-05-01

269

Rapid prototyping with high power fiber lasers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laser rapid prototyping technologies comprise a set of technologies used in a wide range of materials to produce prototypes or small batches of complex shaped components. This paper presents a research work on rapid prototyping technology with laser additive manufacture of wire based alloy Ti-6Al-4V with an 8kW fiber laser for the production of components with cylindrical geometry. For this,

R. M. Miranda; G. Lopes; L. Quintino; J. P. Rodrigues; S. Williams

2008-01-01

270

Nearest prototype classification of noisy data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nearest prototype approaches offer a common way to design classifiers. However, when data is noisy, the success of this sort\\u000a of classifiers depends on some parameters that the designer needs to tune, as the number of prototypes. In this work, we have\\u000a made a study of the ENPC technique, based on the nearest prototype approach, in noisy datasets. Previous experimentation

Fernando Fernández; Pedro Isasi

2008-01-01

271

Status of the CALICE analog calorimeter technological prototypes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The CALICE collaboration is currently developing engineering prototypes of electromagnetic and hadronic calorimeters for a future linear collider detector. This detector is designed to be used in particle-flow based event reconstruction. In particular, the calorimeters are optimized for the individual reconstruction and separation of electromagnetic and hadronic showers. They are conceived as sampling calorimeters with tungsten and steel absorbers, respectively. Two electromagnetic calorimeters are being developed, one with silicon-based active layers and one based on scintillator strips that are read out by MPPCs, allowing highly granular readout. The analog hadron calorimeter is based on scintillating tiles that are also read out individually by silicon photomultipliers. The multi-channel, auto-triggered front-end chips are integrated into the active layers of the calorimeters and are designed for minimal power consumption (power pulsing). The goal of the construction of these prototypes is to demonstrate the feasibility of building and operating detectors with fully integrated front-end electronics. The concept and engineering status of these prototypes are reported here.

Terwort, Mark; CALICE Collaboration

2012-12-01

272

Modalities of Infant-Mother Interaction in Japanese, Japanese American Immigrant, and European American Dyads  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cultural variation in relations and moment-to-moment contingencies of infant-mother person-oriented and object-oriented interactions were compared in 118 Japanese, Japanese American immigrant, and European American dyads with 5.5-month-olds. Infant and mother person-oriented behaviors were related in all cultural groups, but infant and mother…

Bornstein, Marc H.; Cote, Linda R.; Haynes, O. Maurice; Suwalsky, Joan T. D.; Bakeman, Roger

2012-01-01

273

Collapsed Building  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

This masonry office building in the downtown area of Concepcion, Chile collapsed as a result of the M 8.8 earthquake on Feb. 27, 2010. The construction of this building predates the establishment of strict building codes in Chile, put in place following the devastating earthquake of 1960. ...

2010-03-30

274

Healthy Buildings?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health problems related to school buildings can be categorized in five major areas: sick-building syndrome; health-threatening building materials; environmental hazards such as radon gas and asbestos; lead poisoning; and poor indoor air quality due to smoke, chemicals, and other pollutants. This paper provides an overview of these areas,…

Grubb, Deborah

275

Japanese Earth-observation programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Japanese Earth observation programs will be described. After the accident of ADOES and stop of JERS-1, the only operating program is TRMM (Topical Rainfall Measuring Mission), which is a joint program with NASA. Future programs can be divided into three categories. One is a long-term global change monitoring programs. ADEOS was the first satellite in this category. Next program is ADEOS2, which will be launched in Nov. 2000. Continuing programs are now called GCOM (Global Change Observation Mission). The first generation of GCOM is divided into two satellites, of which GCOM-A1 will be launched in Feb. 2005 and GCOM-B1 will be launched in Aug. 2005. The second category programs are also dedicated to global change, but more related to process studies. The first mission in this category was TRMM and the second one will be MDS-2 (mission demonstration satellites) which will carry a Mie scattering lidar called ELISE. Other programs include SMILES (Super conducting Millimeter Emission Sounder) and CDL (Coherent Doppler Lidar) on ISS-JEM, Earth radiation mission, etc. The third category programs are composed of high spatial resolution satellites mainly dedicated to land applications. The past MOS-1, MOS-1b and JERS-1 missions were in this category. The next mission is ALOS (Advanced Land Observation Satellite) which will be launched in Aug. 2002. ALOS will carry very high-resolution optical sensors and an L-band synthetic aperture radar.

Shimoda, Haruhisa

1999-12-01

276

U Plant Geographic Zone Cleanup Prototype  

SciTech Connect

The U Plant geographic zone (UPZ) occupies 0.83 square kilometers on the Hanford Site Central Plateau (200 Area). It encompasses the U Plant canyon (221-U Facility), ancillary facilities that supported the canyon, soil waste sites, and underground pipelines. The UPZ cleanup initiative coordinates the cleanup of the major facilities, ancillary facilities, waste sites, and contaminated pipelines (collectively identified as 'cleanup items') within the geographic zone. The UPZ was selected as a geographic cleanup zone prototype for resolving regulatory, technical, and stakeholder issues and demonstrating cleanup methods for several reasons: most of the area is inactive, sufficient characterization information is available to support decisions, cleanup of the high-risk waste sites will help protect the groundwater, and the zone contains a representative cross-section of the types of cleanup actions that will be required in other geographic zones. The UPZ cleanup demonstrates the first of 22 integrated zone cleanup actions on the Hanford Site Central Plateau to address threats to groundwater, the environment, and human health. The UPZ contains more than 100 individual cleanup items. Cleanup actions in the zone will be undertaken using multiple regulatory processes and decision documents. Cleanup actions will include building demolition, waste site and pipeline excavation, and the construction of multiple, large engineered barriers. In some cases, different cleanup actions may be taken at item locations that are immediately adjacent to each other. The cleanup planning and field activities for each cleanup item must be undertaken in a coordinated and cohesive manner to ensure effective execution of the UPZ cleanup initiative. The UPZ zone cleanup implementation plan (ZCIP) [1] was developed to address the need for a fundamental integration tool for UPZ cleanup. As UPZ cleanup planning and implementation moves forward, the ZCIP is intended to be a living document that will provide a focal point for integrating UPZ actions, including field cleanup activities, waste staging and handling, and post-cleanup monitoring and institutional controls. (authors)

Romine, L.D.; Leary, K.D. [U.S. Department of Energy - Richland Operations Office, P.O. Box 550, Richland, WA 99352 (United States); Lackey, M.B.; Robertson, J.R. [Fluor Hanford, P.O. Box 1000, Richland, WA 99352 (United States)

2006-07-01

277

Analysis of Construction Quality Accident Causes of Public Buildings Based on Failure Study Theories  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to study the superficial and deep causes of public work quality accidents, we have collected 27 cases of construction quality accidents of public buildings publicized by the Japanese media. Statistic analysis is conducted by using the cause factor analysis method of failure study. We have discussed the superficial causes of construction quality accidents of public building, and deep

Jinrong Cui

2011-01-01

278

ALICE electromagnetic calorimeter prototype test  

SciTech Connect

This Memorandum of Understanding between the Test Beam collaborators and Fermilab is for the use of beam time at Fermilab during the Fall, 2005 Meson Test Beam Run. The experimenters plan to measure the energy, position, and time resolution of prototype modules of a large electromagnetic calorimeter proposed to be installed in the ALICE experiment at the LHC. The ALICE experiment is one of the three large approved LHC experiments, with ALICE placing special emphasis on the LHC heavy-ion program. The large electromagnetic calorimeter (EMCal) is a US initiative that is endorsed by the ALICE collaboration and is currently in the early stages of review by the Nuclear Physics Division of the DOE. The installation in the test beam at FNAL and test beam measurements will be carried out by the US members of the ALICE collaboration (ALICE-USA). The overall design of the ALICE EMCal is heavily influenced by its location within the ALICE L3 magnet. The EMCal is to be located inside the large room temperature magnet within a cylindrical integration volume approximately l12cm deep, by 5.6m in length, sandwiched between the ALICE TPC space frame and the L3 magnet coils. The chosen technology is a layered Pb-scintillator sampling calorimeter with a longitudinal pitch of 1.6mm Pb and 1.6mm scintillator. The full detector spans {eta} = -0.7 to {eta} = 0.7 with an azimuthal acceptance of {Delta}{phi} = 120{sup o}. The EMCal readout is of a ''Shish-Kabob'' type similar to the PHENIX Pb-scintillator sampling calorimeter in which the scintillation light is collected via wavelength shifting fibers running through the Pb-scintillator tiles perpendicular to the front surface. The detector is segmented into {approx}14000 towers. The basic structural units of the calorimeter are supermodules, each subtending approximately {approx}20{sup o} in {Delta}{phi} and 0.7 units in {Delta}{eta}. Supermodules are assembled from individual modules. The modules are further segmented into 2 x 2 individually read out towers. The fibers from an individual tower are grouped together to form readout tower bundles. These are each optically coupled to an avalanche photodiode (APO) via a short light guide to provide some spatial optical mixing and to match the fiber bundle to the APO. The module assembly is indicated in Figure l. The supermodules weigh about 9.6 tons and are the basic units handled during installation. Each supermodule is roughly I45cm wide at the front surface by 350cm long with an active depth of 24.5cm (at {eta} = 0) plus an additional 6.6 cm of depth in structural plates. The physical characteristics of the ALICE EMCal are summarized in Table 1. The EMCal test beam measurements at FNAL will utilize a stacked 4 x 4 array of prototype EMCal modules (8 x 8 towers). All towers will be instrumented with the same model APO and preamplifier as will be used in the ALICE experiment and all channels will be readout with existing prototype front end electronics intended for use in ALICE. The goals of the test beam measurements are: To investigate the energy resolution, linearity, uniformity, and position resolution, using electron beams; To study the energy dependence of the response to electrons and hadrons to determine the particle identification capabilities of the EMCal by shower shape; And to investigate the timing characteristics of the energy signal for crude time-of-flight measurement ({approx} 1ns) for use for anti-neutron rejection. Measurements will be made for comparison with different signal shaping times in the front end electronics.

Awes, Terry; /Oak Ridge

2005-09-01

279

Progress in Additive Manufacturing and Rapid Prototyping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid prototyping generally refers to techniques that produce shaped parts by gradual creation or addition of solid material, therein differing fundamentally from forming and material removal manufacturing techniques. This paper tries to summarise one decade of research and developments in rapid prototyping. The first part surveys some general economical and technological trends. The second part of the paper goes into

J.-P. Kruth; M. C. Leu; T. Nakagawa

1998-01-01

280

Fast Prototyping of Protein Reaction Microfluidic Chips  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an innovative approach for the prototyping of a microfluidic chip. By design modularization, unit mold batch fabrication, and mold assembly, the prototyping of polymeric microfluidic chips can be efficient and cost effective. The development of a microfluidic chip for protein reactions, including structure fabrication and chip testing for the initial and modified versions, is reported. Using the

Bi-chu Wu; Chung-kai Chen; Gin-shu Young; Yu-ching Liu; Su-jan Lee

2004-01-01

281

A prototype space flight intravenous injection system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Medical emergencies, especially those resulting from accidents, frequently require the administration of intravenous fluids to replace lost body liquids. The development of a prototype space flight intravenous injection system is presented. The definition of requirements, injectable concentrates development, water polisher, reconstitution hardware development, administration hardware development, and prototype fabrication and testing are discussed.

Colombo, G. V.

1985-01-01

282

A prototype for cartographic human body analysis.  

PubMed

A cartographic-oriented model uses algebraic map operations to perform spatial analysis of medical data relative to the human body. A prototype system uses 3D visualization techniques to deliver analysis results. A prototype implementation suggests the model might provide the basis for a medical application tool that introduces new information insight. PMID:18753030

Carvalho, Elizabeth; Marcos, Adérito; Santos, Maribel Yasmina; Espregueira-Mendes, João

2008-01-01

283

Experiences with Prototype InfiniBand Hardware  

SciTech Connect

This report describes testing of prototype InfiniBand{trademark} host channel adapters from Intel Corporation, using the Linux(reg sign) operating system. Three generations of prototype hardware were obtained, and Linux device drivers were written which exercised the data movement capabilities of the cards. Latency and throughput results obtained were similar to other SAN technologies, but not significantly better.

SCHUTT, JAMES A.

2001-11-01

284

Proposal for a generic prototyping approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The procedure we define is parametrized by: the input description formalism which can be any structured and\\/or hierarchical representation; and the programming language used to describe the prototype of a system. Our prototyping procedure involves three description levels: 1) the input formalism is a semi-formal description that only allows syntactic checks (completeness and coherence of the specification); 2) a formal

Fabrice Kordon; M. Curie

1994-01-01

285

[The population history of the Japanese].  

PubMed

This paper introduces a "dual structure model" that explains the population history of the Japanese population including the Okinawa islanders (Ryukyus) and Ainu under a single hypothesis. The model assumes that the first occupants of the Japanese Archipelago came from somewhere in Southeast Asia in the Upper Palaeolithic age and gave rise to the people in the Neolithic Jomon age, or Jomonese; then the second wave of migration from North Asia took place in and after the Aeneolithic Yayoi age; and the populations of both lineages gradually mixed with each other. The "dual structure model" also assumes that the population intermixture is still continuing and the dual structure of the Japanese population is maintained even today. Thus, several regional differences such as those between eastern and western Japan in physical as well as cultural characteristics can be explained by the rates of intermixture that vary from region to region. In general, this model agrees well not only with physical and cultural evidence but also with non-human evidence revealed by man's symbiotic animals such as Japanese dogs and mice. At the same time, the model provides a reasonable way of explanation in regard to affinities and relationships among the Japanese main islanders, Ryukyus and Ainu. PMID:8295350

Hanihara, K

1993-11-01

286

Utilization survey of prototype structural test article  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A survey was conducted of six aerospace companies and two NASA agencies to determine how prototype structural test articles are used in flight operations. The prototype structures are airframes and similar devices which are used for testing and generally are not flown. The survey indicated the following: (1) prototype test articles are not being discarded after development testing is complete, but are used for other purposes, (2) only two cases of prototypes being refurbished and flown were identified, (3) protective devices and inspection techniques are available to prevent or minimize test article damage, (4) substitute programs from design verification are availabel in lieu of using prototype structural articles, and (5) there is a trend away from dedicated test articles. Four options based on these study results were identified to reduce test and hardware costs without compromising reliability of the flight program.

Baber, S.; Mcdaniel, H. M.; Berry, M. J.

1974-01-01

287

Calibration of the MEGA Prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Calibration measurements of the MEGA (Medium Energy Gamma-ray Astronomy) prototype have been performed with radioactive lab sources and at the High Intensity Gamma-ray Source (HIGS) at the Free Electron Laser Laboratory (FELL) of Duke University, Durham, NC. MEGA is a combined Compton scatter and pair creation telescope. It con- sists of two main detector units, the tracker and the calorimeter. Doublesided Silicon strip detectors form the tracker, which is surrounded by the pixelated CsI(Tl) blocks of the calorimeter. A prerequisite for successful data analysis is a calibration of each indi- vidual readout channel. This work is still ongoing. The performance of the detector units will be there- fore presented as currently known. The encountered problems and the resulting (single detector) calibra- tion methods will be described briefly. Since we aim at an energy range of 0.3 50 MeV, the HIGS — a Compton back-scattering source — with beams of mono-energetic, fully linearly polarized photons in the range of 0.7 50 MeV was a good match for the MEGA calibration. Measurements at various ener- gies and for different incidence angles have been per- formed. Some preliminary results will be presented. Key words: Compton telescope; pair telescope; Si strip detector; CsI calorimeter; ?-ray; HIGS.

Andritschke, R.; Zoglauer, A.; Kanbach, G.; Schönfelder, V.; Schrey, F.; Schopper, F.; Bloser, P. F.; Hunter, S. D.; Macri, J.; Miller, R. S.; Litvinenko, V. N.; Pinayev, I. V.

2004-10-01

288

Wireless Augmented Reality Prototype (WARP)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Initiated in January, 1997, under NASA's Office of Life and Microgravity Sciences and Applications, the Wireless Augmented Reality Prototype (WARP) is a means to leverage recent advances in communications, displays, imaging sensors, biosensors, voice recognition and microelectronics to develop a hands-free, tetherless system capable of real-time personal display and control of computer system resources. Using WARP, an astronaut may efficiently operate and monitor any computer-controllable activity inside or outside the vehicle or station. The WARP concept is a lightweight, unobtrusive heads-up display with a wireless wearable control unit. Connectivity to the external system is achieved through a high-rate radio link from the WARP personal unit to a base station unit installed into any system PC. The radio link has been specially engineered to operate within the high- interference, high-multipath environment of a space shuttle or space station module. Through this virtual terminal, the astronaut will be able to view and manipulate imagery, text or video, using voice commands to control the terminal operations. WARP's hands-free access to computer-based instruction texts, diagrams and checklists replaces juggling manuals and clipboards, and tetherless computer system access allows free motion throughout a cabin while monitoring and operating equipment.

Devereaux, A. S.

1999-01-01

289

Japanese Direct Investment in U.S. Manufacturing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The rapid inflow of Japanese foreign direct investment in recent years had led to concern about U.S. competitiveness, technology transfer, and economic security. The report increases our knowledge about the patterns in which Japanese foreign direct invest...

P. A. Genther, D. H. Dalton

1990-01-01

290

Beliefs about Overcoming Psychological Problems among British and Japanese Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the cultural differences among Japanese students, British students, and Japanese students studying in Britain, concerning their beliefs on overcoming five psychological problems: depression, obesity, smoking cessation, agoraphobia, and lack of confidence. (CMK)

Furnham, Adrian; Ota, Hiromi; Tatsuro, Hosoe; Koyasu, Masuo

2000-01-01

291

The Japanese and the American First-Line Supervisor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares the American and Japanese first-line supervisor: production statistics, supervisory style, company loyalty, management style, and communication. Also suggests what Americans might learn from the Japanese methods. (CT)

Bryan, Leslie A., Jr.

1982-01-01

292

Taste hyposensitivity in Japanese schoolchildren  

PubMed Central

Background There is some research on taste disorder/hyposensitivity in special groups such as the elderly or patients presenting with specific taste problems, however few studies have been conducted among young populations. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of taste hyposensitivity and to investigate the relationship between taste hyposensitivity and oral health status in Japanese schoolchildren. Methods Subjects were 237 primary and 112 junior high school students in Saitama Prefecture, Japan. In total, 349 (boys: 181, girls: 168) students aged 6–15 years participated in the study. Oral examinations and whole-mouth taste tests using four tastes (sweet, salt, sour and bitter) solutions were conducted on the subjects. A subject who could not recognize the taste of the solution was defined as demonstrating hyposensitivity. Results Hyposensitivity was observed in 6.3% of all subjects for sweet-taste, 14.3% for salt-taste, 20.9% for sour-taste and 6.0% for bitter-taste. The prevalence of sweet, sour and bitter-taste hyposensitivity decreased as the subjects’ grade advanced. In contrast, the prevalence of salt-taste hyposensitivity increased in 7th-9th grade subjects. Furthermore, the prevalence of bitter-taste hyposensitivity was significantly higher in males than females among 1st-3rd graders. Taste hyposensitivity had little association with oral health status, such as decayed teeth, filled teeth, dental plaque, gingival status and tongue coating. Conclusions In this study, taste hyposensitivity was observed in 6.0%-20.9% of the students. There was little association between taste hyposensitivity and oral health status. The current study implies that the factors affecting the taste hyposensitivity in children may different from those in the elderly. Therefore it is necessary to further investigate the causes of taste hyposensitivity among younger generation.

2014-01-01

293

Laser Assisted Forming for Ship Building  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laser forming has become a viable process for the shaping of metallic components, as a means of rapid prototyping and of adjusting and aligning. The process is similar to the well established torch flame bending used on large sheet material in the ship building industry but a great deal more control of the final product can be achieved. This paper

G. Dearden; S. P. Edwardson

294

Taijin Kyofusho: Diagnostic and cultural issues in Japanese psychiatry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Taijin Kyofusho or ‘anthrophobia’ is a Japanese culture-specific diagnostic label for the presenting problems of various fear reactions in interpersonal situations. The starting point of the present study was accumulating studies on Japanese cases of Taijin Kyofusho and the assertion in Japanese psychiatry that the symptom complex called Taijin kyofusho is Japanese culture-bound. In light of previous works on culture-bound

Junko Tanaka-Matsumi

1979-01-01

295

Genetics of heat tolerance in Japanese quail.  

PubMed

Two experiments were conducted to assess the genetics of heat stress survival time (HSST) and its relationship to body weight (BW) in Japanese quail. In Experiment 1, Japanese quail from the Athens Randombred population were used and estimations of heritability (h2) and genotypic correlation (rg) were based on half-sib relationships. Three lines of Japanese quail selected under different environments and the Athens Randombred line were studied in Experiment 2. Estimations of h2 and rg were based on full-sib relationships. Heritability for HSST was moderate (.28 to .53) in Experiment 1 and low in Experiment 2 (.13 to .24). Phenotypic correlations between HSST and BW ranged from -.33 to -.05, and a negative genotypic correlations between HSST and BW suggested that selection for longer HSST would result in reduced BW. PMID:6718296

Bowen, S J; Washburn, K W

1984-03-01

296

Cortical representation of phonemic and phonetic contrasts in Japanese vowel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Phonemic changes in spoken words alter linguistic meanings, whereas allophonic phonetic variations do not. The Japanese vowel \\/u\\/ is produced as devoiced [u?] when surrounded by voiceless consonants, otherwise as voiced [u]. Due to this allophonic variation, Japanese single vowel \\/u\\/ has a phonetic contrast between [u?] and [u] without any phonemic change. The present study investigated how Japanese speakers

Seiya Funatsu; Satoshi Imaizumi; Akira Hashizume; Kaoru Kurisu

2007-01-01

297

Getting America Ready for Japanese Science and Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proceedings of a conference on the development of language capabilities to prepare United States scientists to share in scientific and technological development with Japan include these papers: "Are Japanese Language Programs Reaching Scientists and Engineers?"; "Japanese Language Study for Engineers: High Tech Perspectives"; "Applied Japanese

Morse, Ronald A., Ed.; Samuels, Richard J., Ed.

298

Sulfur dioxide emission control in Japanese copper smelters. Information circular  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japanese copper smelters mostly are located in areas of concentrated industrial activity and high levels of atmospheric pollution. A review of unofficial sulfur dioxide emission control data from major Japanese smelters show capture of 91 to 99.7 percent of the sulfur in the smelter feed. The bulk of Japanese smelting capacity was constructed in the last 10 years. Six of

J. B. Rosenbaum; M. Hayashi; G. M. Potter

1976-01-01

299

Grape Cultivar Feeding Preference of Adult Japanese Beetles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Japanese beetle is a major insect pest of grapes in the eastern United States. An examination of Japanese beetle preference for currently grown grape cultivars would be useful to growers in developing pest control strategies with reduced chemical inputs. The objective of this study was to examine grape cultivar preference of Japanese beetles for commercially available grape cultivars in

Sanjun Gu; Kirk W. Pomper

2008-01-01

300

The Japanese Automobile Worker: A Microcosm of Japan's Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A teaching unit on the Japanese automobile worker was developed from a compilation of on-site interviews with Japanese company managers and production line employees, and official publications of the Japanese car industry. The unit is designed to present a balanced picture of Japan's economic success and labor relations and to develop global…

Kaderabeck, Elizabeth A.

301

Dental Evidence on the Origins of the Ainu and Japanese  

Microsoft Academic Search

New dental anthropological evidence on the questions of Ainu and Japanese origins illustrates the utility of diachronic dental information obtained from skeletal populations for microevolutionary and human origins investigations. Data from skeletal and dental collections of Shang Dynasty Chinese and from Jomon period and recent Ainu Japanese, together with information on recent Japanese dentition from published accounts, indicate a correlation

Christy G. Turner II

1976-01-01

302

The Internalization of Values: Adopting Cooperation (Sunao) in Japanese Preschools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Japanese children are socialized to internalize parental, group, and institutional norms. Japanese adults believe "good" children to be sunao (cooperative). Sunao is difficult to translate into English, but can be thought of as being gentle and spirited. This paper presents a study that examined and described feelings and thoughts of Japanese

Taylor, Satomi Izumi; And Others

303

A Study on Closing Sections of Japanese Telephone Conversations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated how Japanese telephone closings were realized between intimates with regard to pre-closing, terminal exchange, and leave-taking. Participants were native speakers of Japanese living in the United States who were calling other native Japanese speakers overseas. Researchers audiotaped the international telephone calls.…

Takami, Tomoko

2002-01-01

304

Hotel Employees' Japanese Language Experiences: Implications and Suggestions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the Japanese language learning experiences of 13 hotel employees in Guam. Results of the study present implications and suggestions for a Japanese language program for the hotel industry. The project began as a result of hotel employees frustrations when they were unable to communicate effectively with their Japanese guests. (Auth/JL)

Makita-Discekici, Yasuko

1998-01-01

305

Factor Structure of Japanese Versions of Two Emotional Intelligence Scales  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the psychometric properties of two emotional intelligence measures translated into Japanese. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to examine the factor structure of a Japanese version of the Wong and Law Emotional Intelligence Scale (WLEIS) completed by 310 Japanese university students. A second study employed CFA…

Fukuda, Eriko; Saklofske, Donald H.; Tamaoka, Katsuo; Fung, Tak Shing; Miyaoka, Yayoi; Kiyama, Sachiko

2011-01-01

306

Affective Variables and Japanese L2 Reading Ability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates how 17 affective factors are related to Japanese second language (L2) reading comprehension and "kanji" knowledge test scores of 43 university students in advanced Japanese courses. Major findings are that: a) reading comprehension ability and "kanji" knowledge have direct associations with self-perception of Japanese

Kondo-Brown, Kimi

2006-01-01

307

Teaching about Japanese-American Internment. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Japanese-American internment experience during World War II continues to affect the Japanese-American community. This ERIC Digest provides six suggestions for teaching about the Japanese-American internment, touching on civil rights, immigration, the media, "loyalty," redress and reparations, and primary and secondary sources. Includes five…

Mukai, Gary

308

Offers and Requests: Performance by Japanese Learners of English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comparison of native and nonnative (Japanese) English speakers' expressions for offers and requests found that Japanese subjects were typically too direct in most situations and sounded rude, even when they intended to be polite. This suggests that the pragmatic competence of Japanese learners of English needs to be reinforced in language…

Fukushima, Saeko

1990-01-01

309

Languages for Travel Industry Managers: Focus on Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes courses that were developed for travel industry management degree programs to teach French, Spanish, Japanese, and Mandarin. Discusses the development of these programs, focusing on the Japanese courses. Explains the type of background information that was collected prior to developing materials for the first- and second-year Japanese

Hijirida, Kyoko; Iwamura, Susan Grohs

1986-01-01

310

Determinants of destination choice by Japanese overseas travelers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the data from the Japanese Pleasure Travel Survey, this study developed a logistic regression model to analyze destination choices of Japanese outbound pleasure travelers. The analysis revealed the effects of a number of variables on the Japanese destination choices. These variables are demographic characteristics including age, marital status, education level, and income, as well as types and purposes of

Brian Tyrrell; Cary Countryman; Liping A. Cai

2001-01-01

311

MODERN JAPANESE, A BASIC READER. VOLUME I, VOCABULARIES AND NOTES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS TWO-VOLUME TEXTBOOK WAS WRITTEN TO OFFER A RAPID BUT THOROUGH INTRODUCTION TO WRITTEN JAPANESE. STUDENTS WHO HAVE ALREADY COMPLETED A BASIC COURSE IN SPOKEN JAPANESE WILL, UPON COMPLETION OF THIS READER, BE ABLE TO READ ORIGINAL JAPANESE BOOKS, MAGAZINES, AND NEWSPAPERS. VOLUME I INCLUDES AN INTRODUCTION OUTLINING THE ORGANIZATION OF THE…

HIBBETT, HOWARD; ITASAKA, GEN

312

Japanese-Style American Management: Primary Relations and Social Organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Management methods that are said to make American companies “Japanese in style” are examined. The notion that Japanese organizational performance can be duplicated by adopting Japanese management methods is disputed. It is suggested that management methods operate through their influence on the nature of the employee-organization relationship. Since this relationship is influenced by many factors other than management methods, it

Subhash Durlabhji

1983-01-01

313

Free software toolkit for Japanese large vocabulary continuous speech recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sharable software repository for Japanese LVCSR (Large Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition) is in- troduced. It is designed as a baseline platform for research and developed by researchers of different academic insti- tutes under a governmental support. The repository con- sists of a recognition engine (Julius), Japanese acoustic models and statistical language models as well as Japanese morphological analysis tools.

Tatsuya Kawahara; Akinobu Lee; Tetsunori Kobayashi; Kazuya Takeda; Nobuaki Minematsu; Shigeki Sagayama; Katsunobu Itou; Akinori Ito; Mikio Yamamoto; Atsushi Yamada; Takehito Utsuro; Kiyohiro Shikano

2000-01-01

314

Joint Japanese-American Conference on Sociolinguistics. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final substantive report includes the working papers presented by the American and Japanese participants, notes on discussions, a summary of an address by William Labov, and draft proposals for joint sociolinguistic research. The working papers involve several sociolinguistic issues in Japanese-American and Japanese culture. The American…

Jorden, Eleanor H.

315

Group dynamics of the Japanese market  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigated the network structures of the Japanese stock market using the minimum spanning tree. We defined a grouping coefficient to test the validity of the conventional grouping by industrial categories, and found a decreasing in trend for the coefficient. This phenomenon supports the increasing external influences on the market due to globalization. To reduce this influence, we used S&P500 index as the international market and removed its correlation with every stock. We found stronger a grouping in this measurement when compared to the original analysis, which agrees with our assumption that the international market influences to the Japanese market.

Jung, Woo-Sung; Kwon, Okyu; Wang, Fengzhong; Kaizoji, Taisei; Moon, Hie-Tae; Stanley, H. Eugene

2008-01-01

316

Green Buildings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the Department of Energy's Center of Excellence for Sustainable Development, this Green Buildings site serves as a detailed metapage for environmentally conscious architects, engineers, and builders. As the introduction to the site points out, "The design, construction, and maintenance of buildings has a tremendous impact on our environment and our natural resources." The site offers carefully summarized links to relevant Websites and publications on topics such as building principles, building programs, rating systems, affordable housing, codes/ordinances, educational materials, and more. This site may be of interest to those who want practical applications for protecting the environment.

2000-01-01

317

Building Together  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this Bob the Builder(TM)-themed activity, learners explore what it means to work together as a team. Learners repeat the phrase âCan We Build It?(TM) Yes We Can!â until they can chant it together as a team. Then, learners repeat the chant at each activity station. Learners rotate through the stations where they build with blocks, LEGO® bricks or other small manipulatives, hammer nails and wood, pump with water, and construct a building site by moving sand with toy trucks. This activity is featured on page 9 of the "Bob the Builder(TM) â Project: Build It" unit of study.

Indianapolis, The C.

2006-01-01

318

Building Houses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Build a house you can fit inside, using cardboard tubes. Variations of this activity include building for a toy (easier) or building a house the right size for a stuffed animal or a garage for a toy car. Also included is an option to build houses inspired by those around the world (harder). This activity focuses on the understanding of sizes and shapes: Can I fit in this if I stand up? if I sit? Do we have enough cardboard tubes to make a triangular roof? This activity is available as a webpage and a downloadable pdf. Students should have the ability to use scissors and tape well.

2010-01-01

319

Evaluation of a prototype infrasound system  

SciTech Connect

Under Department of Energy sponsorship, Sandia National Laboratories and Los Alamos National Laboratory cooperated to develop a prototype infrasonic array, with associated documentation, that could be used as part of the International Monitoring System. The United States Government or foreign countries could procure commercially available systems based on this prototype to fulfill their Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) obligations. The prototype is a four-element array in a triangular layout as recommended in CD/NTB/WP.224 with an element at each corner and one in the center. The prototype test configuration utilize an array spacing of 1 km. The prototype infrasound system has the following objectives: (1) Provide a prototype that reliably acquires and transmits near real-time infrasonic data to facilitate the rapid location and identification of atmospheric events. (2) Provide documentation that could be used by the United States and foreign countries to procure infrasound systems commercially to fulfill their CTBT responsibilities. Infrasonic monitoring is an effective, low cost technology for detecting atmospheric explosions. The low frequency components of explosion signals propagate to long ranges (few thousand kilometers) where they can be detected with an array of sensors. Los Alamos National Laboratory`s expertise in infrasound systems and phenomenology when combined with Sandia`s expertise in providing verification quality system for treaty monitoring make an excellent team to provide the prototype infrasound sensor system. By September 1997, the prototype infrasound system will have been procured, integrated, evaluated and documented. Final documentation will include a system requirements document, an evaluation report and a hardware design document. The hardware design document will describe the various hardware components used in the infrasound prototype and their interrelationships.

Whitaker, R.; Sandoval, T. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Breding, D.; Kromer, D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [and others

1997-08-01

320

NIF/LMJ prototype amplifier mechanical design  

SciTech Connect

Amplifier prototypes for the National Ignition Facility and the Laser Megajoule will be tested at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The prototype amplifier, which is an ensemble of modules from LLNL and Centre d`Etudes de Limeil-Valenton, is cassette-based with bottom access for maintenance. A sealed maintenance transfer vehicle which moves optical cassettes between the amplifier and the assembly cleanroom, and a vacuum gripper which holds laser slabs during cassette assembly will also be tested. The prototype amplifier will be used to verify amplifier optical performance, thermal recovery time, and cleanliness of mechanical operations.

Horvath, J.

1996-10-01

321

Digital prototype of LLRF system for SSRF  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes a field programming gate array (FPGA) based low level radio frequency (LLRF) prototype for the SSRF storage ring RF system. This prototype includes the local oscillator (LO), analog front end, digital front end, RF out, clock distributing, digital signal processing and communication functions. All feedback algorithms are performed in FPGA. The long term of the test prototype with high power shows that the variations of the RF amplitude and the phase in the accelerating cavity are less than 1% and 1° respectively, and the variation of the cavity resonance frequency is controlled within ±10 Hz. Supported by Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility

Zhao, Yu-Bin; Yin, Cheng-Ke; Zhang, Tong-Xuan; Fu, Ze-Chuan; Zhao, Zhen-Tang; Dai, Zhi-Min; Liu, Jian-Fei; Wang, Fang

2008-09-01

322

A Prototype Data Processing System for JDEM  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fermilab is developing a prototype data processing system for the Joint Dark Energy Mission (JDEM) Science Operations Center (SOC). The SOC requires tools for systematic and timely execution of computing jobs; data management; and systematic record keeping for provenance, workflow organization, and quality control. Drawing on our experience in processing large volumes of data, we are constructing a prototype system using existing infrastructure and a variety of tools, including distributed computing and mass data storage infrastructure at Fermilab. This system provides an environment within and against which potential architectures and components of the production system can be evaluated. We describe the prototype and its uses.

Neilsen, E. H.; Gottschalk, E. E.

2010-12-01

323

Non-Native Japanese Listeners' Perception of Vowel Length Contrasts in Japanese and Modern Standard Arabic (MSA)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to compare the perception of short vs. long vowel contrasts in Japanese and Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) by four groups of listeners differing in their linguistic backgrounds: native Arabic (NA), native Japanese (NJ), non-native Japanese (NNJ) and Australian English (OZ) speakers. The NNJ and OZ groups shared the first language…

Tsukada, Kimiko

2012-01-01

324

Modalities of Infant-Mother Interaction in Japanese, Japanese American Immigrant, and European American Dyads  

PubMed Central

Cultural variation in relations and moment-to-moment contingencies of infant-mother person-oriented and object-oriented interactions were examined and compared in 118 Japanese, Japanese American immigrant, and European American dyads with 5.5-month-olds. Infant and mother person-oriented behaviors were positively related in all cultural groups, but infant and mother object-oriented behaviors were positively related only among European Americans. In all groups, infant and mother behaviors within each modality were mutually contingent. Culture moderated lead-lag relations: Japanese infants were more likely than their mothers to respond in object-oriented interactions, European American mothers were more likely than their infants to respond in person-oriented interactions. Japanese American dyads behaved more like European American dyads. Interaction, infant effects, and parent socialization findings are set in cultural and accultural models of transactions between young infants and their mothers.

Bornstein, Marc H.; Cote, Linda R.; Haynes, O. Maurice; Suwalsky, Joan T. D.; Bakeman, Roger

2011-01-01

325

Prototyping: A Strategy for the Acquisition of Naval Aircraft.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study examines the historical uses of the aircraft prototype in the acquisition process, and identifies conditions and events which warrant the use of a prototype strategy in naval aircraft development. Prototyping is evaluated considering service co...

M. A. Pearce

1976-01-01

326

Characterization of Prototype LSST CCDs  

SciTech Connect

The ambitious science goals of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) will be achieved in part by a wide-field imager that will achieve a new level of performance in terms of area, speed, and sensitivity. The instrument performance is dominated by the focal plane sensors, which are now in development. These new-generation sensors will make use of advanced semiconductor technology and will be complemented by a highly integrated electronics package located inside the cryostat. A test laboratory has been set up at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) to characterize prototype sensors and to develop test and assembly techniques for eventual integration of production sensors and electronics into modules that will form the final focal plane. As described in [1], the key requirements for LSST sensors are wideband quantum efficiency (QE) extending beyond lpm in the red, control of point spread function (PSF), and fast readout using multiple amplifiers per chip operated in parallel. In addition, LSST's fast optical system (f71.25) places severe constraints on focal plane flatness. At the chip level this involves packaging techniques to minimize warpage of the silicon die, and at the mosaic level careful assembly and metrology to achieve a high coplanarity of the sensor tiles. In view of the long lead time to develop the needed sensor technology, LSST undertook a study program with several vendors to fabricate and test devices which address the most critical performance features [2]. The remainder of this paper presents key results of this study program. Section 2 summarizes the sensor requirements and the results of design optimization studies, and Section 3 presents the sensor development plan. In Section 4 we describe the test bench at BNL. Section 5 reports measurement results obtained to date oh devices fabricated by several vendors. Section 6 presents a summary of the paper and an outlook for the future work. We present characterization methods and results on a number of new devices produced specifically to address LSST's performance goals, including flatness, QE, PSF, dark current, read noise, CTE, cosmetics, and crosstalk. The results indicate that commercially produced, thick n-channel over-depleted CCDs with excellent red response can achieve tight PSF at moderate applied substrate bias with no evidence of persistent image artifacts. We will also report ongoing studies of mosaic assembly techniques to achieve chip-to-chip co-planarity, high fill factor, and thermal stability.

OCONNOR,P.; FRANK, J.; GEARY, J.C.; GILMORE, D.K.; KOTOV, I.; RADEKA, V.; TAKACS, P.; TYSON, J.A.

2008-06-23

327

VO for Education: Archive Prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The number of remote control telescopes dedicated to education is increasing in many countries, leading to correspondingly larger and larger amount of stored educational data that are usually available only to local observers. Here we present the project for a new infrastructure that will allow teachers using educational telescopes to archive their data and easily publish them within the Virtual Observatory (VO) avoiding the complexity of professional tools. Students and teachers anywhere will be able to access these data with obvious benefits for the realization of grander scale collaborative projects. Educational VO data will also be an important resource for teachers not having direct access to any educational telescopes. We will use the educational telescope at our observatory in Trieste as a prototype for the future VO educational data archive resource. The publishing infrastructure will include: user authentication, content and curation validation, data validation and ingestion, VO compliant resource generation. All of these parts will be performed by means of server side applications accessible through a web graphical user interface (web GUI). Apart from user registration, that will be validated by a natural person responsible for the archive (after having verified the reliability of the user and inspected one or more test files), all the subsequent steps will be automated. This means that at the very first data submission through the webGUI, a complete resource including archive and published VO service will be generated, ready to be registered to the VO. The efforts required to the registered user will consist only in describing herself/himself at registration step and submitting the data she/he selects for publishing after each observation sessions. The infrastructure will be file format independent and the underlying data model will use a minimal set of standard VO keywords, some of which will be specific for outreach and education, possibly including VO field identification (astronomy, planetary science, solar physics). The VO published resource description will be suggested such as to allow selective access to educational data by VO aware tools, differentiating them from professional data while treating them with the same procedures, protocols and tools. The whole system will be very flexible, scalable and with the objective to leave as less work as possible to humans.

Ramella, M.; Iafrate, G.; De Marco, M.; Molinaro, M.; Knapic, C.; Smareglia, R.; Cepparo, F.

2014-05-01

328

[The Japanese health system: lasting reform is impossible].  

PubMed

This article analyses the main features of the Japanese health care system. It also analyses its recent changes facing the aging of the population, the need to improve quality of care and the necessity to contain cost. As far as the main characteristics are concerned, the accent is first put on the information asymmetry in the physician-patient relationships. Then the so-called "clinics" are described as the symbol of the coexistence of private and public health service provision. Finally, the "fee schedule" is presented as one of the main regulation tools. As for the recent reforms, it is shown that they are implemented in an incremental way. That is to say that the recent changes maintain the core of the health care system. They comfort the main value (such as equity) and the main institutions involved in the regulation process (such as the central administration or the Japanese Medical Association). They also maintain the regulation process (i.e. the continuous negotiation). As examples of such reform strategies, the article deals with the creation of a new insurance for aged people (named long term care insurance), the changes in the health seeking behavior, the division of labor between health care providers and some preparative steps for possible unification of multiple insurance. It is for example shown that the collective management of the "fee schedule" leads to an actual incentive. It pushes forward some medical practices (such as the use of high technology screening) or slow down others (such as selling drugs). But it is also a symbol of the regulation process itself. In effect, as this list is regularly revised, it gives to all the partners the opportunity to meet each other, to build a rather broad consensus and, thus, to enhance the strength of the whole system. As a result it is shown that the market logic that many western countries try to implement, through managed care techniques, do not fit the Japanese system and must be seen as inefficient. PMID:12836617

Mossé, Philippe R; Takeuchi, Momoe

2003-02-01

329

Rapid Production of Composite Prototype Hardware  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of this research was to provide a mechanism to cost-effectively produce composite hardware prototypes. The task was to take a hands-on approach to developing new technologies that could benefit multiple future programs.

DeLay, T. K.

2000-01-01

330

Wind Turbine Test Danwin 23 Prototype.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes standard measurements performed on a Danwin 23 180 kW prototype wind turbine. The measurements carried out and reported here comprises the power output, system efficiency, energy production, transmission efficiency, rotor power, rotor...

T. Friis Pedersen S. Markkilde Petersen U. Schmidt Paulsen P. Voelund

1988-01-01

331

Integration of rapid prototyping into product development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Sandia National Laboratories is a vertically multi-disciplined research and development laboratory with a long history of designing and developing d electro-mechanical products in the national interest. Integrating new technologies into the prototyping ph...

C. L. Atwood G. D. McCarty B. T. Pardo E. A. Bryce

1993-01-01

332

SpaceX Test Fires Engine Prototype  

NASA Video Gallery

One of NASA's industry partners, SpaceX, fires its new SuperDraco engine prototype in preparation for the ninth milestone to be completed under SpaceX's funded Space Act Agreement (SAA) with NASA's...

333

Prototype Ultrasonic Instrument for Quantitative Testing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A prototype ultrasonic instrument has been designed and developed for quantitative testing. The complete delivered instrument consists of a pulser/receiver which plugs into a standard oscilloscope, an rf power amplifier, a standard decade oscillator, and ...

J. L. Dubois L. C. Lynnworth P. R. Kranz

1972-01-01

334

Prototype STEC Plant, Task 5 Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document provides guidelines for the scheduling, funding, and management actions required for the approval, design, manufacturing, and acquisition of a prototype plant to provide the concept of obtaining electrical power by solar-to-thermal energy co...

R. A. Farren, J. R. Smith, A. J. Lum

1972-01-01

335

Building Green  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There's a great deal of talk about "building green" in the architecture and design world, but to many, this phrase may not mean a great deal. This website, created by the Building Green company, can help the uninitiated learn more about this subject. First-time visitors should click on the "Green Building Information" area. Here they can get answers to such question as "What is green?" and also learn more about green design strategies and the LEED rating system. Right next to this section is the "Case Studies" area, which features green building projects like elementary schools, commercial facilities, and university buildings. The site is rounded out by a "News" area and a detailed bibliography of websites, print resources, and so on.

336

Water resources in the Japanese Islands  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to its limited land area and limited range of natural resources (particularly fuel), Japan has developed a highly efficient economy in terms of resource utilization. This also applies to water resources. For sustainable use of water resources in the Japanese Islands, integrated and unified analyses of the data of groundwater by the nation and local governments have been needed.

T. Takagi

2005-01-01

337

Japanese foreign direct investment and regional trade  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the relationship between Japanese FDI outflows, domestic and foreign fixed investment, and the exchange rate. The results indicate that aggregate FDI outflows have been driven by investment in Japan and the exchange rate, while the geographic distribution of such investment has been influenced by foreign economic conditions. We also find that FDI outflows have a temporary impact on

Gabrielle Lipworth

1998-01-01

338

Japanese Children's Reasoning about Conflicts with Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ninety-five Japanese children (aged 6-12) were interviewed using hypothetical stories to examine their reasoning about parent-child conflicts. Participants were most likely to reject parental authority and to support child's discretion in conflict situations where the parent interfered in the child's personal choice and gave the child commands…

Yamada, Hiroyuki

2009-01-01

339

Origins of the Japanese Islands: The New \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Archaeologists and historians working on topics such as agricultural technology, resource distribution, settlement patterns, raw materials procurement, artifact analysis and natural disasters are automatically involved in geological questions. The geologic history of the Japanese Islands is, therefore, of basic importance to our enquiries, but those interests are poorly served by the current literature available. It is difficult to find an

Gina L. Barnes

2003-01-01

340

Can the Japanese Change Their Education System?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nine papers included in this book are: "The Why, What and How of Educational Reform in Japan" (Roger Goodman); "Why Reform Japanese Education?" (William K. Cummings); "Destruction and Reconstruction: A Comparative Analysis of the Education Reform in Japan and Germany under the U.S. Military Occupation After World War Two" (Masako Shibata);…

Goodman, Roger, Ed.; Phillips, David, Ed.

341

Denotational Semantics for interrogative Sentences in Japanese  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a new approach to a sentence of interrogative form in Japanese within the framework of Montague Grammar. The possibil- ity of various uses of an interrogative sentence; uses as a question, an exclamation, a rhetorical question, a demand and a recommendation is explained based on the same denotation for the sentence. The denotation which is neutral for all

Mitsuhiro Okada; Kazue Watanabe

1993-01-01

342

Alkali–silica reactivity of Japanese rocks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1982, problems relating to the alkali–silica reaction of concrete structures have been occurring in Japan. To identify the aggregates causing the reaction, the reactivity of Japanese rocks and the distribution of reactive rocks in Japan have been studied. Observations of aggregates in concrete structures affected by the alkali–silica reaction, reaction experiments (chemical method: ASTM C 289, mortar bar method:

Yasuhiko Wakizaka

2000-01-01

343

TEFL and Communication Styles in Japanese Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Japanese students often feel it difficult to acquire communicative skills in English at school. Although many of them appear to have positive, favorable attitudes towards learning English, their annual Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) total score means has been consistently low. The present paper discusses this paradox from two points…

Takanashi, Yoshiro

2004-01-01

344

The Use of Humor in Japanese Advertising  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of humor in advertising has been the subject of much scientific inquiry. One related area of inquiry, still in its infancy stage, is the study of humor in advertising within the context of different cultures. This empirical study examines several aspects related to the use of humor as an executional style in Japanese advertising. Stage One of the

Nessim Hanna; Geoffrey L. Gordon; Rick E. Ridnour

1994-01-01

345

Deregulation of the Japanese oil products market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japan has maintained tight control over its oil market with the result that Japanese consumers have faced higher net-of-tax oil product prices than other Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) consumers. In April 1996, the market was deregulated. We explore, through simulation, the welfare effect of this deregulation, taking into account the pollution costs arising from increased emissions.

Rosemary Clarke; T Huw Edwards

1998-01-01

346

Japanese Gay Magazines and Marriage Advertisements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among other functions, Japanese gay magazines inform readers about gay meeting places, provide a masturbation aid, let readers know that they are not alone, and give an image of gay men different from the mainstream media, which often confuses homosexuals with transvestites. Unfortunately, gay magazines also present an image that is not entirely positive, i.e., gay men as sex maniacs.

Wim Lunsing

1995-01-01

347

Request Strategies in British English and Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tests request strategies used by speakers of Japanese and British English in two culturally neutral situations likely to trigger a request. Concludes that the degree of imposition goes on a par with the number of politeness strategies but that there are differences in the types of strategies used: the British use conventional forms and supportive…

Fukushima, Saeko

1996-01-01

348

Delineation of Japanese soil temperature regime map  

Microsoft Academic Search

The soil temperature regime map provides for utilitarian classification that can be superimposed on soil classification to permit more precise interpretations and assessments of land use. The objects of this study are (1) to clarify the relationship between soil temperature and meteo-geographical factors, and then (2) to delineate detailed soil temperature regime map (1?km grid) as Japanese land resources inventory.

Yusuke Takata; Tsuneo Kuwagata; Kazunori Kohyama; Hiroshi Obara

2011-01-01

349

Multiword Vocabulary in Japanese ESL Texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe our analysis of vocabulary across three sets of Japanese ESL texts. We focus upon frequency analysis of individual words and multiword sequences (n-grams), giving cross comparisons of 2, 3 and 4-gram multiword sequences. In addition, we consider the degree of emphasis on multiword vocabulary that is evident in each textbook corpus. This is derived from

George R S Weir; Toshiaki Ozasa

2008-01-01

350

Japanese Venus mission project ready to go  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A Japanese project to send a mission to Venus in 2009 is ready to start. The main scientific goal is to solve a long-standing mystery "The Super Rotation" by quantifying atmospheric circulation parameters from imaging/tracking cloud patterns.

Iwagami, N.; Nakamura, M.

2002-03-01

351

Energy trends in the Japanese transportation sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Passenger transportation in Japan, which is comprised of a high share of rail passengers and a low share of private vehicles, is considered one of the least energy-intensive transportation sectors in the industrialized countries. The thesis of this paper is that, despite low per capita energy use, when the intensities of individual modes are compared, Japanese transportation is not more

Nancy Kiang; Lee Schipper

1996-01-01

352

Japanese Management Theory and Library Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of Japanese management theory and suggests applications to library administration. Highlights include participative management; shared decision making; long-term objectives; organizational philosophy; staff training and human resource development; strategic planning; staffing issues; cooperation; quality control; and total…

Clayton, Peter

1992-01-01

353

Difficulties Japanese Have in Reading English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problems encountered by native Japanese-speakers in reading English as a second language are examined. The available literature on the subject as well as firsthand experiences in teaching English, developing reading materials, and conducting research projects are discussed. The discussion focuses on five major areas: the reading process; the…

Kitao, Kenji; Kitao, S. Kathleen

354

Time travel topoi in Japanese manga  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article traces the development of time travel in Japanese manga, comparing it with the same theme in Western films. Time travel films of the 1960s in the US tend to have the character of a search and rescue\\/repair mission, evidence perhaps of a fascination with the idea that the passage of time can be ‘controlled’ (or ‘conquered’) by the

Ulrich Heinze

2012-01-01

355

The Virtual Museum of Japanese Arts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website of traditional Japanese treasures and culture was produced for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan and is a virtual museum that includes physical objects and other more intangible items of cultural patrimony, such as fighting styles and performance art. Visitors can scroll over any of the seven "galleries" to read a description of what types of work are contained within. The "Fine Arts" gallery is defined as those visual arts primarily concerned with the creation of beauty, such as architecture and gardens, painting, sculpture, and Ukiyoe. Upon choosing a section of the gallery, visitors can click on it, see examples of the art form, and read about the history of these traditions. The "Cafe" gallery is particularly interesting, and it is described as a "'refreshment space'...to enjoy learning more about the Japanese culture and traditions from many exotic perspectives." The Virtual Museum Theatre allows visitors to watch "Movies of Japanese Festivals" and "Movies of Japanese Martial Arts". An exhibit of Wagashi representing all seasons of the year, and celebrations, is worth a look and can also be found in the "Cafe" gallery. [KMG

356

Sentence Combining Activities for Japanese University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven sentence combining activities designed to be stimulating and effective for college-level Japanese students of English as a Second Language are described. It is also demonstrated that a wide range of subjects can provide viable and engaging topics for the activities. The exercises include the following: (1) combining sentences provided into a…

Kresovich, Brant M.

1989-01-01

357

A Japanese approach for CKD-MBD  

PubMed Central

Disturbances in mineral and bone metabolism have a critical role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular complications in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The term ‘renal osteodystrophy' has recently been replaced by ‘CKD-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD)', which includes abnormalities in bone and mineral metabolism and vascular calcification. The Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy clinical practice guideline for the management of secondary hyperparathyroidism in chronic dialysis patients was originally published in Japanese in 2006, then in English in 2008. During the past 5 years, this first guideline has contributed to a considerably better understanding and control of secondary hyperparathyroidism in CKD patients by physicians, other medical professionals, and the patients themselves. However, since its publication several new therapeutic modalities have become available for Japanese dialysis patients, which added more evidence to this area. Thus, we revised the guideline to include several new policies, and the new guideline was published in Japanese in 2012. This article contains the new guideline text, and clinical significance of CKD-MBD in Japan.

Yokoyama, Keitaro; Taniguchi, Masatomo; Fukagawa, Masafumi

2013-01-01

358

Deaf Life on Isolated Japanese Islands.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviewed 38 adults with deafness and little schooling in Okinawa concerning their social and language environment. Many of the individuals used an indigenous gestural system shared with hearing people that enabled them to participate in the hearing community. Most had only limited contact with the deaf community and Japanese Sign Language.…

Torigoe, Takashi; And Others

1995-01-01

359

Immunotoxicity of Trenbolone Acetate in Japanese Quail  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trenbolone acetate is a synthetic androgen that is currently used as a growth promoter in many meat-exporting countries. Despite industry laboratories classifying trenbolone as nonteratogenic, data showed that embryonic exposure to this androgenic chemical altered development of the immune system in Japanese quail. Trenbolone is lipophilic, persistent, and released into the environment in manure used as soil fertilizer. This is

Michael James Quinn; Moira McKernan; Emma T. Lavoie; Mary Ann Ottinger

2006-01-01

360

NEON Citizen Science: Planning and Prototyping  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) will be a national resource for ecological research and education. NEON citizen science projects are being designed to increase awareness and educate citizen scientists about the impacts of climate change, land-use change, and invasive species on continental-scale ecological processes as well as expand NEON data collection capacity by enabling laypersons to collect geographically distributed data. The citizen science area of the NEON web portal will enable citizen scientists to collect, contribute, interpret, and visualize scientific data, as well as access training modules, collection protocols and targeted learning experiences related to citizen science project topics. For NEON, citizen science projects are a means for interested people to interact with and contribute to NEON science. Investigations at vast spatial and temporal scales often require rapid acquisition of large amounts of data from a geographically distributed population of "human sensors." As a continental-scale ecological observatory, NEON is uniquely positioned to develop strategies to effectively integrate data collected by non-scientists into scientific databases. Ultimately, we plan to work collaboratively to transform the practice of science to include "citizens" or non-scientists in the process. Doing science is not limited to scientists, and breaking down the barriers between scientists and citizens will help people better understand the power of using science in their own decision making. In preparation for fully developing the NEON citizen science program, we are partnering with Project BudBurst (PBB), a citizen science project focused on monitoring plant phenology. The educational goals of PBB are to: (1) increase awareness of climate change, (2) educate citizen scientists about the impacts of climate change on plants and the environment, and (3) increase science literacy by engaging participants in the scientific process. Phenology was chosen as the focus of this citizen science campaign because it is a visible and comprehensible way of demonstrating the effects of climate change. In addition, plants are readily accessible in nearly every neighborhood and park, and wild area across the continent, so people can make observations whether they live near an inner city park or in the rural countryside. Recently, NEON developed data visualization tools for Project BudBurst to engage citizen science participants in "doing science" beyond data collection. By prototyping NEON citizen science through Project BudBurst, NEON is developing a better understanding of how to build a citizen science program that addresses areas of awareness, mastery, and leadership of scientific information like that which NEON will produce over the next 30 years.

Newman, S. J.; Henderson, S.; Gardiner, L. S.; Ward, D.; Gram, W.

2011-12-01

361

A 802.11p prototype implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an IEEE 802.11p full-stack prototype implementation to data exchange among vehicles and between vehicles and the roadway infrastructures. The prototype architecture is based on FPGAs for Intermediate Frequency (IF) and base band purposes, using 802.11a based transceivers for RF interfaces. Power amplifiers were also addressed, by using commercial and in-house solutions. This implementation aims to provide technical

D. Carona; A. Serrador; P. Mar; R. Abreu; N. Ferreira; T. Meireles; J. Matos; J. Lopes

2010-01-01

362

Prototypical Concepts and Misconceptions of Plate Tectonic Boundaries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Students of geology encounter many prototypical/exemplar concepts* that include representative, but not necessarily defining, features and characteristics. This study of students' prototypical representations of plate tectonic boundaries indicates that their representations are rich sources of information about their misconceptions about plate tectonics. After lectures in plate tectonics and mountain building, 353 students in a general education geology class were asked to draw a continent-continent convergent boundary. For this study, a correct answer is defined as having the major features in correct proportions as depicted in the plate boundary diagrams on the USGS web. Fifty-two percent of the drawings were either incorrect or incomplete such that they could not be interpreted. Only 48% were readily interpretable, and of these 22% drew the boundary correctly, showing a thickening of crust where two continents collide. Thirty-three percent drew the boundary showing concave slabs of continental crust as one might imagine two pieces of firm rubber pushed together on a rigid surface and 45% depicted mountains as one might imagine inverted ice cream cones on a rigid plank. Twenty-one senior class geology majors and graduate students were given the same assignment. Forty-eight percent rendered a correct drawing, whereas 38% drew the same ice cream cone on a plank type picture that 45% of the general education students drew. In a second class of 12 geology majors, only 1 student drew a cross section of a continent-ocean boundary similar to standard representation. Four of 12 drew mountains on the top of continental crust over a subduction zone but did not draw a compensating mass within the crust or lithosphere. Prototypical drawings provide more information about students' concepts than do most multiple-choice questions. For example, sixty-two percent of theses students who drew mountains similar to foam rubber pads pushed together on a desk or ice cream cones on a plank correctly answered a multiple-choice question that would appear to indicate a better understanding than the drawings reveal. Furthermore, 12 interviewed students made statements that could be interpreted to indicate that they understood the concept of mountain building at plate tectonic boundaries better than their drawings suggest. Incoherence of multiple-choice responses, verbal statements and drawings may be common in novice learners. If cognitive scientists are correct in their model of multiple types of mental representations for the same term, then the fact that novices may hold inconsistent representations is not surprising. The fact that students at various academic levels draw very similar prototypes that are incorrect is evidence that students have distinct and persistent prototype misconceptions. * Cognitive scientists define a prototypical/exemplar concept as a mental representation of the best examples or central tendencies of a term.

Sibley, D. F.; Patino, L. C.

2003-12-01

363

System design and house dynamic signature identification for intelligent energy management in residential buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing energy demand from residential buildings and evolving utility pricing policy to regulate energy use during peak times require a new paradigm for energy management in residential buildings. As a prototype for intelligent energy management systems of residential buildings, DREAM (Demand Responsive Electrical Appliance Manager), based on a wireless sensor network, was developed. This autonomous system consisting of wireless sensors

Jae Hwi Jang

2008-01-01

364

The METC prototype lockhopper valve testing and development program review  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy, Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) developed the Lockhopper Valve Test and Development Program to identify and test existing commercially available (state-of-the-art) valves for lockhopper service which is known as the State-of-the-Art (SOA) Lockhopper Valve Test and Development Program. In conjunction with the SOA Program, METC also commissioned the design and building of two new lockhopper valves which became known as the Prototype Lockhopper Valve Testing and Development Program. The purpose of the Proto type Program was to develop and manufacture valves with a capability to operate at higher levels of pressure and temperature and exceed cycle life of existing state-of-the-art valves. Based upon competitive bid and conceptual designs, contracts were awarded to Consolidated Controls Corporation for a ceramic-based gate valve and Fairchild Control Systems Company for a metal alloy segmented-ball valve. Each contractor was to develop and manufacture a specified number of valves to submit for testing in the METC valve test facilities. This paper provides a review and test results of the Prototype Valve Test and Development Program.

Ayers, W.J. Jr.

1983-01-01

365

Building Sandcastles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this interactive application young children become familiar with 3-dimensional shapes by matching a variety of shapes in order to build a sandcastle. There are two levels of play, parent pointers, and hints to help out along the way.

2014-01-01

366

Building Languages  

MedlinePLUS

... National Center Homepage Hearing Loss Share Compartir Building Languages How can I start communicating with my baby ... English (MCE), Natural Gestures, Speech (Lip) Reading, Speech "Language" When most people hear the word "language" they ...

367

Healthy buildings  

SciTech Connect

This book is covered under the following headings: Healthy building strategies/productivity, Energy and design issues, Ventilation, Contaminants, Thermal, airflow, and humidity issues, School-related issues, Sources and sinks, Filtering, Operation and maintenance.

Not Available

1991-01-01

368

Airborne contact dermatitis due to Japanese cedar pollen.  

PubMed

Contact dermatitis caused by airborne antigen is a well-recognized problem. Previously, airborne contact dermatitis after contact with Japanese cedar pollen [Japanese cedar pollen dermatitis (JCPD)] has been reported in Japan. However, there is still no diagnostic test to evaluate contact dermatitis due to Japanese cedar pollen. Skin tests with Japanese cedar pollen have been used to investigate these patients. A histological analysis was also conducted to clarify the mechanism of JCPD. We performed a scratch-patch test, scratch test and assays for total immunoglobulin E (IgE) and specific IgE in 13 patients suspected to have skin symptoms from Japanese cedar pollen, 5 patients with Japanese cedar pollinosis and 15 control normal subjects. All subjects were tested with Japanese cedar pollen allergen extract. A skin biopsy was performed from a Japanese cedar pollen-scratch-patch-test positive in patients with JCPD. The result after 48 hr of scratch-patch test was compared with the patient's history and the findings of corresponding scratch test and specific IgE. 100% of the 13 patients with JCPD showed a positive scratch-patch-test reaction to Japanese cedar pollen extract. However, 20% of the patients with the Japanese cedar pollinosis without any eruptions showed a positive scratch-patch-test reaction. The percentage of positive results for specific IgE and the scratch test did not differ substantially between Japanese cedar pollionosis patients with a history of chronic erythema after contact with Japanese cedar pollen and those without such a history. No side-effects were observed regarding the scratch-patch test. Control subjects showed 7% positive reaction. Histological examination showed that eczematous change (spongiosis, intracellular oedema and acanthosis), and infiltration of lymphocytes and eosinophils were all observed at the scratch-patch-test-positive sites. We therefore concluded that the use of the scratch-patch test with Japanese cedar pollen extract was useful for accurately diagnosing JCPD. PMID:17343624

Yokozeki, Hiroo; Satoh, Takahiro; Katayama, Ichiro; Nishioka, Kiyoshi

2007-04-01

369

Selective Immigration and Ethnic Economic Achievement: Japanese Americans before World War II  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the determinants of Japanese immigrant economic achievement in the continental United States before World War II. Japanese immigrants to the United States were a select group in terms of their occupational background and education relative to the Japanese population as a whole because of the restrictions imposed on Japanese immigration by both the Japanese and U.S. governments.

Masao Suzuki

2002-01-01

370

Suffering Under a Great Injustice: Ansel Adams's Photographs of Japanese-American Internment at Manzanar  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1943, Ansel Adams (1902-1984) documented the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California where Japanese Americans interned during World War II. Presented by the Library of Congress, Ansel Adams's Photographs of Japanese-American Internment at Manzanar displays side-by-side digital scans of Adams's 242 original negatives and 209 photographic prints. Furthermore, viewers get the opportunity not only to see Adam's darkroom techniques but also how he cropped his prints. Some of the photographic images include views of daily life, agricultural scenes, and sports and leisure activities. Adams offered the collection to the Library of Congress in 1965, stating that the purpose of his work was to "show how these people, suffering under a great injustice, and loss of property, businesses and professions, had overcome the sense of defeat and despair by building for themselves a vital community in an arid (but magnificent) environment...." Searchable by keyword and browseable by subject, for the first time, Internet users can get an illustrative glimpse of what life was like for Japanese Americans during this time.

2002-01-01

371

Disability and stigma: how Japanese educators help parents accept their children's differences.  

PubMed

In this report, part of a larger ethnographic study, the authors examined the support Japanese elementary school educators provide to parents of children with relatively mild cognitive and behavioral disabilities, such as learning disabilities, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorders, and high-functioning autism. Conditions that affect children's learning and behaviors are widespread, but cultures vary in responses to children with such difficulties and their families. In many cultures, disability remains a sensitive issue due to lingering stigma. Japan's recent implementation of special education services for children with mild cognitive and behavioral disabilities provided a unique context in which to examine otherwise taken-for-granted beliefs and practices related to disability. Participant observations in a Japanese elementary school and individual interviews with educators and parents suggest that parents' sensitivity to other people's "eyes," or stigma, can be an obstacle to their acceptance of their children's need for special education, permission for their children to receive services, and collaboration with educators. Educators supported parents through a steadfast focus on emotional support, communication, relationship building, and partnerships. Japanese practices and adults' reflections on stigma provide a broader context for international, school, and other social workers to reflect on their own beliefs and practices with families of children with disabilities. PMID:24640228

Kayama, Misa; Haight, Wendy

2014-01-01

372

Weighted vowel prototypes in Finnish and German.  

PubMed

This study explores the perceptual vowel space of the Finnish and German languages, which have a similar vowel system with eight vowels, /?/ /e/ /i/ /o/ /u/ /y/ /æ??/ /ø/. Three different prototypicality measures are used for describing the internal structuring of the vowel categories in terms of the F1 and F2 formant frequencies: The arithmetic mean (centroid) of the F1-F2 space of the category (Pc), the absolute prototype of the category (Pa), and the weighted prototype of the category (P?), in which the stimulus formant values are weighted by their goodness rating values. The study gave the following main results: (1) in both languages, the inter-subject differences were the smallest in P?, and on the order of Difference Limen (DL) of F1-F2 frequencies for all of the three measures, (2) the Pa and P? differed significantly from the centroid, with the absolute prototypes being the most peripheric, (3) the vowel systems of the two languages were similar (Euclidean distances in P? of Finnish and German 7-34 mels) although minor differences were found in /e/, / ø/, and /u/, and (4) the mean difference of the prototypes from some earlier published production data was 100-150 mels. PMID:24606288

Savela, Janne; Eerola, Osmo; Aaltonen, Olli

2014-03-01

373

Heterogeneous face recognition using kernel prototype similarities.  

PubMed

Heterogeneous face recognition (HFR) involves matching two face images from alternate imaging modalities, such as an infrared image to a photograph or a sketch to a photograph. Accurate HFR systems are of great value in various applications (e.g., forensics and surveillance), where the gallery databases are populated with photographs (e.g., mug shot or passport photographs) but the probe images are often limited to some alternate modality. A generic HFR framework is proposed in which both probe and gallery images are represented in terms of nonlinear similarities to a collection of prototype face images. The prototype subjects (i.e., the training set) have an image in each modality (probe and gallery), and the similarity of an image is measured against the prototype images from the corresponding modality. The accuracy of this nonlinear prototype representation is improved by projecting the features into a linear discriminant subspace. Random sampling is introduced into the HFR framework to better handle challenges arising from the small sample size problem. The merits of the proposed approach, called prototype random subspace (P-RS), are demonstrated on four different heterogeneous scenarios: 1) near infrared (NIR) to photograph, 2) thermal to photograph, 3) viewed sketch to photograph, and 4) forensic sketch to photograph. PMID:23599055

Klare, Brendan F; Jain, Anil K

2013-06-01

374

VME-based data acquisition system for the India-based Neutrino Observatory prototype detector  

Microsoft Academic Search

The India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) collaboration has proposed to build a 50kton Iron-Calorimeter (ICAL) to study neutrino oscillations. About 28,800 Resistive Plate Chambers will be used as active detector elements in this experiment. Preliminary studies are currently underway and as a part of it, a prototype detector was developed which now serves as a cosmic-ray telescope and as a test-bench

M. Bhuyan; V. B. Chandratre; S. Dasgupta; V. M. Datar; S. D. Kalmani; S. M. Lahamge; N. K. Mondal; P. Nagaraj; S. Pal; S. K. Rao; A. Redij; D. Samuel; M. N. Saraf; B. Satyanarayana; R. R. Shinde; S. S. Upadhya

2010-01-01

375

A 1?1 prototype of power generation system based upon cross-flow water turbines  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with the conception and building of an electrical power generation prototype based upon the cross-flow water turbines. The structure has been tested in grid-connected conditions in order to identify the hydrodynamic characteristics of the prime mover and to evaluate the energy efficiency of the overall energy conversion chain. The real-world tests confirm the preliminary conclusion issued from

M. Hauck; A. Rumeau; I. Munteanu; A. I. Bratcu; S. Bacha; D. Roye; A. Hably

2012-01-01

376

Computer-Aided Prototyping for ASIC-Based Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of computer-aided prototyping (CAP) with the RPM Emulation System is described. RPM creates a hardware functional prototype from an ASIC or full-custom chip netlist. It reads the chip netlist and then converts the chip design gates into a prototype design. It then synthesizes the prototype design, obtaining the information it needs to configure the reprogrammable hardware, primarily with

Stephen Walters

1991-01-01

377

Taxonomy of rapid-prototyping methods and tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

A prototype-based software development can complement or offer an alternative to traditional system development techniques. Software prototyping approaches are becoming more sophisticated and systems prototyping tools and techniques are rapidly evolving. The paper presents a survey of graphical and textual software prototyping approaches. The authors dwell on the respective representations, methods, and benefits. They give examples of typical software tools

Sujai Asur; Steve Hufnagel

1993-01-01

378

Phylogeography of Japanese horse chestnut (Aesculus turbinata) in the Japanese Archipelago based on chloroplast DNA haplotypes.  

PubMed

Japanese horse chestnut (Aesculus turbinata: Hippocastanaceae) is one of the typical woody plants that grow in temperate riparian forests in the Japanese Archipelago. To analyze the phylogeography of this plant in the Japanese Archipelago, we determined cpDNA haplotypes for 337 samples from 55 populations covering the entire distribution range. Based on 1,313 bp of two spacers, we determined ten haplotypes that are distinguished from adjacent haplotypes by one or two steps. Most of the populations had a single haplotype, suggesting low diversity. Spatial analysis of molecular variance suggested three obvious phylogeographic structures in western Japan, where Japanese horse chestnut is scattered and isolated in mountainous areas. Conversely, no clear phylogeographic structure was observed from the northern to the southern limit of this species, including eastern Japan, where this plant is more common. Rare and private haplotypes were also found in southwestern Japan, where Japanese horse chestnuts are distributed sparsely. These findings imply that western Japan might have maintained a relatively large habitat for A. turbinata during the Quaternary climatic oscillations, while northerly regions could not. PMID:20549293

Sugahara, Kanako; Kaneko, Yuko; Ito, Satoshi; Yamanaka, Keisuke; Sakio, Hitoshi; Hoshizaki, Kazuhiko; Suzuki, Wajiro; Yamanaka, Norikazu; Setoguchi, Hiroaki

2011-01-01

379

Automated Rapid Prototyping of 3D Ceramic Parts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An automated system of manufacturing equipment produces three-dimensional (3D) ceramic parts specified by computational models of the parts. The system implements an advanced, automated version of a generic rapid-prototyping process in which the fabrication of an object having a possibly complex 3D shape includes stacking of thin sheets, the outlines of which closely approximate the horizontal cross sections of the object at their respective heights. In this process, the thin sheets are made of a ceramic precursor material, and the stack is subsequently heated to transform it into a unitary ceramic object. In addition to the computer used to generate the computational model of the part to be fabricated, the equipment used in this process includes: 1) A commercially available laminated-object-manufacturing machine that was originally designed for building woodlike 3D objects from paper and was modified to accept sheets of ceramic precursor material, and 2) A machine designed specifically to feed single sheets of ceramic precursor material to the laminated-object-manufacturing machine. Like other rapid-prototyping processes that utilize stacking of thin sheets, this process begins with generation of the computational model of the part to be fabricated, followed by computational sectioning of the part into layers of predetermined thickness that collectively define the shape of the part. Information about each layer is transmitted to rapid-prototyping equipment, where the part is built layer by layer. What distinguishes this process from other rapid-prototyping processes that utilize stacking of thin sheets are the details of the machines and the actions that they perform. In this process, flexible sheets of ceramic precursor material (called "green" ceramic sheets) suitable for lamination are produced by tape casting. The binder used in the tape casting is specially formulated to enable lamination of layers with little or no applied heat or pressure. The tape is cut into individual sheets, which are stacked in the sheet-feeding machine until used. The sheet-feeding machine can hold enough sheets for about 8 hours of continuous operation.

McMillin, Scott G.; Griffin, Eugene A.; Griffin, Curtis W.; Coles, Peter W. H.; Engle, James D.

2005-01-01

380

Analysis of Japanese banks’ historical tree diagram  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By using the historical data from the Japanese banks’ database at “The Bankers Library” of Japanese Banker Association, we analyze the historical network of banks from 1868 to 2006. Firstly, we define a bank every year by a particle and draw a space-time evolution process of merger, division, establishment, and failure by a tree diagram structure. We found that the distribution of the tree basin size of real data and simulation result are mostly fitting well. Secondly, we analyze the raw data of financial statements of banks collected by the National Diet library. We confirm that the distributions of the amount of deposits have fat-tail every year, however, small deviations are observed relating to governmental policy.

Ueno, Hiromichi; Mizuno, Takayuki; Takayasu, Misako

2007-09-01

381

Mitochondrial genome of a Japanese placozoan.  

PubMed

Placozoans are marine invertebrates found in tropical and subtropical waters. Their body plan is among the simplest of free-living animals. The present study determined the mitochondrial genome sequence of a placozoan collected on the coast of Shirahama, Wakayama, Honshu, Japan, and compared it with those of Trichoplax adhaerens from the Red Sea and of three strains from the Caribbean Sea. The sequences of mitochondrial respiratory chain of the Japanese placozoan genes are very similar to those of the BZ49 strain from the Caribbean Sea. However, there are distinct differences in gene arrangement, such as the location of two open reading frames. This Japanese placozoan is therefore distinguishable from the other strains. Based on current knowledge of placozoan 16S diversity our 'Shirahama' strain most likely represents the H15 lineage, known from the Philippines. In the mitochondrial genome of placozoans, substitution rates are slower than in bilaterians, whereas the rate of rearrangements is faster. PMID:22468831

Miyazawa, Hideyuki; Yoshida, Masa-aki; Tsuneki, Kazuhiko; Furuya, Hidetaka

2012-04-01

382

An overview of Japanese occupational health.  

PubMed Central

This paper provides an overview of Japanese occupational health and evaluates the current situation from three perspectives. Major occupational health hazards are assessed using four sources of data, showing patterns similar to those found in other advanced industrial societies. Institutional structures for occupational health policy are then examined, illustrating strengths and weaknesses of the Japanese legal and administrative systems. Trade union activities are presented, indicating the constraints of enterprise unions, and the tendency for a greater orientation toward compensation than prevention. Significant occupational health problems persist among marginal workers in Japan, including women and various minority groups. The analysis demonstrates a record for occupational health in Japan considerably more mixed than the conventional view.

Reich, M R; Frumkin, H

1988-01-01

383

AN ATTENUATED MUTANT OF JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS.  

PubMed

In the course of studies towards the development of a live, attenuated Japanese encephalitis vaccine, an attenuated mutant (m mutant) of Japanese encephalitis virus was isolated after serial passages of a parental virus, Mukai strain, in embryonic mouse skin cultures. The low virulence of the m mutant was found to be stable in tissue cultures but reversion to virulence was observed after multiplication of the virus in mouse brain. The m mutant induced high immunity in mice after vaccination in a single intraperitoneal injection. Furthermore, a high virus yield was obtained from the m mutant in tissue culture, with titres of about 10(9.5) TCD(50) per ml. It is suggested that this mutant may be suitable for the preparation of inactivated tissue culture vaccine, but the author stresses that it cannot be recommended for tests in man until more is known about its genetic stability. PMID:14153407

INOUE, Y K

1964-01-01

384

Effective utilization of rapid prototyping technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Technology of Rapid Prototyping (RP) presents the technique that leads to quick manufacturing of real model using the scaling with support of three-dimensional software solution running in computer environment (CAD). First RP technique, Stereolithography, was developed by 3D Systems of Valencia, CA, USA. The company was founded in 1986, and since then, a number of different RP techniques have become available. Article deals with basic characteristics and problems in area of technology of Rapid Prototyping with focus to Fused Deposition Modeling. It brings in the project of experimental gearbox design and its manufacturing with application of Rapid Prototyping technology. The work was realized by students and employees of Faculty of Manufacturing Technologies in Presov, Slovakia. Model with four gears was realized together with its gear changing mechanism. Production of gearbox was connected with problems arising from size of individual parts and included also the realization of final gearbox assembly.

Novakova-Marcincinova, L.; Fecova, V.; Novak-Marcincin, J.; Janak, M.; Barna, J.

2012-04-01

385

NASA DFRC Practices for Prototype Qualification  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the practices that Dryden uses for qualification of the prototypes of aircraft. There are many views of aircraft that Dryden has worked with. Included is a discussion of basic considerations for strength, a listing of standards and references, a discussion of typical safety of flight approaches, a discussion of the prototype design, using the X-29A as an example, and requirements for new shapes (i.e., the DAST-ARW1 , F-8 Super Critical Wing, AFTI/F-111 MAW), new control laws (i.e., AAW F-18), new operating envelope (i.e., F-18 HARV), limited sope add-on or substitute structure (i.e., SR-71 LASRE, ECLIPSE, F-16XL SLFC), and extensively modified or replaced structure (i.e., SOFIA, B747SP). There is a listing of causes for the failure of the prototype.

Lokos, William A.

2009-01-01

386

Lightweight composite fighting cover prototype development program  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Army Field Assistance Science and Technology Program requested Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to demonstrate the use of lightweight composite materials in construction of overhead covers for reinforced infantry fighting positions. In recent years, ORNL researchers have designed and tested several concepts for lightweight ballistic protection structures, and they have developed numerous prototype composite structures for military and civilian applications. In the current program, composite panel designs and materials are tested and optimized to meet anticipated static and dynamic load conditions for the overhead cover structure. Ten prototype composite covers were built at ORNL for use in Army field tests. Each composite cover has a nominal surface area of 12 ft[sup 2] and a nominal weight of 8 lb. Four of the prototypes are made with folding sections to improve their handling characteristics. The composite covers exhibit equivalent performance in Army field tests to covers made with conventional materials that weigh four times as much.

Wrenn, G.E. Jr.; Frame, B.J.; Gwaltney, R.C.; Akerman, M.A.

1996-07-01

387

DECIGO: The Japanese space gravitational wave antenna  

Microsoft Academic Search

DECi-hertz Interferometer Gravitational wave Observatory (DECIGO) is the planned Japanese space gravitational wave antenna, aiming to detect gravitational waves from astrophysically and cosmologically significant sources mainly between 0.1 Hz and 10 Hz and thus to open a new window for gravitational wave astronomy and for the universe. DECIGO will consist of three drag-free spacecraft, 1000 km apart from each other,

Shuichi Sato; Seiji Kawamura; Masaki Ando; Takashi Nakamura; Kimio Tsubono; Akito Araya; Ikkoh Funaki; Kunihito Ioka; Nobuyuki Kanda; Shigenori Moriwaki; Mitsuru Musha; Kazuhiro Nakazawa; Kenji Numata; Shin-ichiro Sakai; Naoki Seto; Takeshi Takashima; Takahiro Tanaka; Kazuhiro Agatsuma; Koh-suke Aoyanagi; Koji Arai; Hideki Asada; Yoichi Aso; Takeshi Chiba; Toshikazu Ebisuzaki; Yumiko Ejiri; Motohiro Enoki; Yoshiharu Eriguchi; Masa-Katsu Fujimoto; Ryuichi Fujita; Mitsuhiro Fukushima; Toshifumi Futamase; Katsuhiko Ganzu; Tomohiro Harada; Tatsuaki Hashimoto; Kazuhiro Hayama; Wataru Hikida; Yoshiaki Himemoto; Hisashi Hirabayashi; Takashi Hiramatsu; Feng-Lei Hong; Hideyuki Horisawa; Mizuhiko Hosokawa; Kiyotomo Ichiki; Takeshi Ikegami; Kaiki T. Inoue; Koji Ishidoshiro; Hideki Ishihara; Takehiko Ishikawa; Hideharu Ishizaki; Hiroyuki Ito; Yousuke Itoh; Nobuki Kawashima; Fumiko Kawazoe; Naoko Kishimoto; Kenta Kiuchi; Shiho Kobayashi; Kazunori Kohri; Hiroyuki Koizumi; Yasufumi Kojima; Keiko Kokeyama; Wataru Kokuyama; Kei Kotake; Yoshihide Kozai; Hideaki Kudoh; Hiroo Kunimori; Hitoshi Kuninaka; Kazuaki Kuroda; Kei-ichi Maeda; Hideo Matsuhara; Yasushi Mino; Osamu Miyakawa; Shinji Miyoki; Mutsuko Y. Morimoto; Tomoko Morioka; Toshiyuki Morisawa; Shinji Mukohyama; Shigeo Nagano; Isao Naito; Kouji Nakamura; Hiroyuki Nakano; Kenichi Nakao; Shinichi Nakasuka; Yoshinori Nakayama; Erina Nishida; Kazutaka Nishiyama; Atsushi Nishizawa; Yoshito Niwa; Taiga Noumi; Yoshiyuki Obuchi; Masatake Ohashi; Naoko Ohishi; Masashi Ohkawa; Norio Okada; Kouji Onozato; Kenichi Oohara; Norichika Sago; Motoyuki Saijo; Masaaki Sakagami; Shihori Sakata; Misao Sasaki; Takashi Sato; Masaru Shibata; Hisaaki Shinkai; Kentaro Somiya; Hajime Sotani; Naoshi Sugiyama; Yudai Suwa; Rieko Suzuki; Hideyuki Tagoshi; Fuminobu Takahashi; Kakeru Takahashi; Keitaro Takahashi; Ryutaro Takahashi; Ryuichi Takahashi; Tadayuki Takahashi; Hirotaka Takahashi; Takamori Akiteru; Tadashi Takano; Keisuke Taniguchi; Atsushi Taruya; Hiroyuki Tashiro; Yasuo Torii; Morio Toyoshima; Shinji Tsujikawa; Yoshiki Tsunesada; Akitoshi Ueda; Ken-ichi Ueda; Masayoshi Utashima; Yaka Wakabayashi; Hiroshi Yamakawa; Kazuhiro Yamamoto; Toshitaka Yamazaki; Jun'ichi Yokoyama; Chul-Moon Yoo; Shijun Yoshida; Taizoh Yoshino

2009-01-01

388

Decigo:. the Japanese Space Gravitational Wave Antenna  

Microsoft Academic Search

DECIGO (DECI-hertz interferometer Gravitational wave Observatory) is the future Japanese space gravitational wave antenna with observation band around 0.1 Hz. It aims at detecting gravitational waves from various kinds of sources, with sufficient sensitivity to establish the gravitational wave astronomy. In the pre-conceptual design, DECIGO is formed by three drag-free spacecraft, 1000 km apart from one another. The relative displacements

Masaki Ando; Seiji Kawamura; Takashi Nakamura; Naoki Seto; Kimio Tsubono; Kenji Numata; Ryuichi Takahashi; Mitsuru Musha; Ken-Ichi Ueda; Ikkoh Funaki; Shigenori Moriwaki; Takeshi Takashima; Shin-Ichiro Sakai; Takashi Sato; Nobuyuki Kanda; Shigeo Nagano; Mizuhiko Hosokawa; Takehiko Ishikawa; Shuichi Sato; Yoichi Aso; Mutsuko Y. Morimoto; Kazuhiro Agatsuma; Tomomi Akutsu; Tomotada Akutsu; Koh-Suke Aoyanagi; Koji Arai; Yuta Arase; Akito Araya; Hideki Asada; Takeshi Chiba; Toshikazu Ebisuzaki; Motohiro Enoki; Yoshiharu Eriguchi; Feng-Lei Hong; Masa-Katsu Fujimoto; Mitsuhiro Fukushima; Toshifumi Futamase; Katsuhiko Ganzu; Tomohiro Harada; Tatsuaki Hashimoto; Kazuhiro Hayama; Wataru Hikida; Yoshiaki Himemoto; Hisashi Hirabayashi; Takashi Hiramatsu; Hideyuki Horisawa; Kiyotomo Ichiki; Takeshi Ikegami; Kaiki T. Inoue; Kunihito Ioka; Koji Ishidoshiro; Hiroyuki Ito; Yousuke Itoh; Shogo Kamagasako; Nobuki Kawashima; Fumiko Kawazoe; Hiroyuki Kirihara; Naoko Kishimoto; Kenta Kiuchi; Werner Klaus; Shiho Kobayashi; Kazunori Kohri; Hiroyuki Koizumi; Yasufumi Kojima; Keiko Kokeyama; Wataru Kokuyama; Kei Kotake; Yoshihide Kozai; Hideaki Kudoh; Hiroo Kunimori; Hitoshi Kuninaka; Kazuaki Kuroda; Kei-Ichi Maeda; Hideo Matsuhara; Yasushi Mino; Jun-Ichi Miura; Osamu Miyakawa; Shinji Miyoki; Tomoko Morioka; Toshiyuki Morisawa; Shinji Mukohyama; Isao Naito; Noriyasu Nakagawa; Kouji Nakamura; Hiroyuki Nakano; Kenichi Nakao; Shinichi Nakasuka; Yoshinori Nakayama; Erina Nishida; Kazutaka Nishiyama; Atsushi Nishizawa; Yoshito Niwa; Masatake Ohashi; Naoko Ohishi; Masashi Ohkawa; Akira Okutomi; Kouji Onozato; Kenichi Oohara; Norichika Sago; Motoyuki Saijo; Masaaki Sakagami; Shihori Sakata; Misao Sasaki; Masaru Shibata; Hisaaki Shinkai; Kentaro Somiya; Hajime Sotani; Naoshi Sugiyama; Hideyuki Tagoshi; Tadayuki Takahashi; Ryutaro Takahashi; Kakeru Takahashi; Hirotaka Takahashi; Takamori Akiteru; Tadashi Takano; Takahiro Tanaka; Keisuke Taniguchi; Atsushi Taruya; Hiroyuki Tashiro; Mitsuru Tokuda; Masao Tokunari; Morio Toyoshima; Shinji Tsujikawa; Yoshiki Tsunesada; Masayoshi Utashima; Hiroshi Yamakawa; Kazuhiro Yamamoto; Toshitaka Yamazaki; Jun'ichi Yokoyama; Chul-Moon Yoo; Shijun Yoshida; Taizoh Yoshino

2008-01-01

389

The Japanese space gravitational wave antenna - DECIGO  

Microsoft Academic Search

DECi-hertz Interferometer Gravitational wave Observatory (DECIGO) is the future Japanese space gravitational wave antenna. The goal of DECIGO is to detect gravitational waves from various kinds of sources mainly between 0.1 Hz and 10 Hz and thus to open a new window of observation for gravitational wave astronomy. DECIGO will consist of three drag-free spacecraft, 1000 km apart from each

S. Kawamura; M. Ando; T. Nakamura; K. Tsubono; T. Tanaka; I. Funaki; N. Seto; K. Numata; S. Sato; K. Ioka; N. Kanda; T. Takashima; K. Agatsuma; T. Akutsu; Koh-Suke Aoyanagi; K. Arai; Y. Arase; A. Araya; H. Asada; Y. Aso; T. Chiba; T. Ebisuzaki; M. Enoki; Y. Eriguchi; M.-K. Fujimoto; R. Fujita; M. Fukushima; T. Futamase; K. Ganzu; T. Harada; T. Hashimoto; K. Hayama; W. Hikida; Y. Himemoto; H. Hirabayashi; T. Hiramatsu; F.-L. Hong; H. Horisawa; M. Hosokawa; K. Ichiki; T. Ikegami; K. T. Inoue; K. Ishidoshiro; H. Ishihara; T. Ishikawa; H. Ishizaki; H. Ito; Y. Itoh; S. Kamagasako; N. Kawashima; F. Kawazoe; H. Kirihara; N. Kishimoto; K. Kiuchi; S. Kobayashi; K. Kohri; H. Koizumi; Y. Kojima; K. Kokeyama; W. Kokuyama; K. Kotake; Y. Kozai; H. Kudoh; H. Kunimori; H. Kuninaka; K. Kuroda; K.-i. Maeda; H. Matsuhara; Y. Mino; O. Miyakawa; S. Miyoki; M. Y. Morimoto; T. Morioka; T. Morisawa; S. Moriwaki; S. Mukohyama; M. Musha; S. Nagano; I. Naito; N. Nakagawa; K. Nakamura; H. Nakano; K. Nakao; S. Nakasuka; Y. Nakayama; E. Nishida; K. Nishiyama; A. Nishizawa; Y. Niwa; M. Ohashi; N. Ohishi; M. Ohkawa; A. Okutomi; K. Onozato; K. Oohara; N. Sago; M. Saijo; M. Sakagami; S.-i. Sakai; S. Sakata; M. Sasaki; T. Sato; M. Shibata; H. Shinkai; K. Somiya; H. Sotani; N. Sugiyama; Y. Suwa; H. Tagoshi; K. Takahashi; T. Takahashi; H. Takahashi; R. Takahashi; A. Takamori; T. Takano; K. Taniguchi; A. Taruya; H. Tashiro; M. Tokuda; M. Tokunari; M. Toyoshima; S. Tsujikawa; Y. Tsunesada; K.-i. Ueda; M. Utashima; H. Yamakawa; K. Yamamoto; T. Yamazaki; J. Yokoyama; C.-M. Yoo; S. Yoshida; T. Yoshino

2008-01-01

390

Quantitative easing and Japanese bank equity values  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the primary motivations offered by the Bank of Japan (BOJ) for its quantitative easing program—whereby it maintained a current account balance target in excess of required reserves, effectively pegging short-term interest rates at zero—was to maintain credit extension by the troubled Japanese financial sector. We conduct an event study concerning the anticipated impact of quantitative easing on the

Takeshi Kobayashi; Mark M. Spiegel; Nobuyoshi Yamori

2006-01-01

391

Lead in the Japanese living environment.  

PubMed

Lead has long been known to be a neurotoxic heavy metal, particularly in the context of occupational health. However, its adverse effect on the cognitive development of children at lower exposure levels has only recently received attention. Although the exposure level of contemporary Japanese children is among the lowest in the world, it is desirable to reduce exposure as much as reasonably possible due to the absence of a threshold of exposure for adverse effects. In this review, information on lead levels in milieus of our proximate environment, such as the atmosphere, drinking water, soil, house dust, diet and others, of contemporary Japan was compiled with the aim of updating our knowledge on lead distribution. Monitoring data demonstrates that lead concentrations in the atmosphere and lead intake from food consumption have decreased substantially from the 1970s. Lead was hardly detectable in tap water in a recent nation-wide monitoring survey. To the contrary, elevated lead concentrations were detected in surface soil and house dust in one of the studies on daily exposure to lead from all potential sources, and both of these sources were regarded by the authors as significant contributors of lead exposure to general Japanese children. A similar study indicated that diet is the sole major source of lead for Japanese children. A significant difference was present in the estimated dietary lead intake levels in different studies, resulting in significant discrepancies in the current knowledge on lead in our environment. Further studies are warranted to identify the major source(s) of lead exposure in Japanese children in order to establish an effective countermeasure to reduce lead exposure to children. PMID:22528209

Yoshinaga, Jun

2012-11-01

392

Progress of Safety in Japanese Railways  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays the safety level of Japanese railways is very high, as 0.6 accidents happen per 106 km train-run and nearly zero on-board passengers are killed in a normal year. It is the fruits of technologies for safety and the efforts of people involved in railways. But unfortunately we had not a few serious accidents in the past. In this paper

Akira Matsumoto

2010-01-01

393

Japanese Computational Grid Research Project: NAREGI  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Research Grid Initiative (NAREGI) is one of the major Japanese national IT projects currently being conducted. NAREGI will cover the period 2003-2007, and collaboration among industry, academia, and the government will play a key role in its success. The Center for Grid Research and Development has been established as a center for R&D of high-performance, scalable grid middleware

SATOSHI MATSUOKA; S. Shinjo; MUTSUMI AOYAGI; SATOSHI SEKIGUCHI; HITOHIDE USAMI; KENICHI MIURA

2005-01-01

394

Pseudolagarobasidium calcareum : Japanese records and cultural characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pseudolagarobasidium calcareum (Basidiomycotina, Corticiaceae s.l.) is newly reported for Japan, and its cultural characteristics are described for the\\u000a first time. Seven of nine Japanese and Taiwanese specimens examined produce arthroconidia associated with the basidiomata.\\u000a Variability in color of the hymenial surface is also observed among the specimens. In culture, this species is characterized\\u000a by fiber hyphae (quasi-binding hyphae) and arthroconidia.

Nitaro Maekawa; Kozaburo Hasebe

2002-01-01

395

The Japanese Virtual Observatory in Action  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Japanese Virtual Observatory (JVO) is a web portal for astronomical data and analysis system, and utilizes the standards developed by the IVOA to communicate with the VO-compliant resources in the world. We started official operation of the JVO in March 2008 (http:\\/\\/jvo.nao.ac.jp\\/portal\\/). The JVO provides the following web-based services: 1. search for VO-compliant data services in the world, 2.

Y. Shirasaki; M. Tanaka; M. Ohishi; Y. Mizumoto; S. Kawanomoto; S. Honda; N. Yasuda; Y. Masunaga; Y. Ishihara; Y. Machida; H. Nakamoto; M. Sakamoto

2009-01-01

396

Feeding habits of Japanese butterfyfishes (Chaetodontidae)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Synopsis  Stomach content data from 32 species of Japanese butterflyfishes of the family Chaetodontidae were used to classify them into\\u000a feeding groups and to determine their important food resources. Four major feeding groups were distinguished: (1) obligative\\u000a coral feeders which prey exclusively or mostly on Scleractinian corals, (2) facultative coral feeders that take both corals\\u000a and other benthic organisms, (3) noncoralline

Mitsuhiko Sano

1989-01-01

397

Population dynamics of Arashiyama west Japanese macaques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Demographic data have been collected on the Arashiyama Japanese macaque population from 1954 until the present, through the\\u000a fissioning of the original group into two parts in 1966, and through the translocation of one of the two groups to Texas in\\u000a 1972. Population dynamics are reported for the Arashiyama West group in Texas during 1972 to 1979 and then compared

Linda Marie Fedigan; Harold Gouzoules; Sarah Gouzoules

1983-01-01

398

Development of a neutronics calculation method for designing commercial type Japanese sodium-cooled fast reactor  

SciTech Connect

Under the R and D project to improve the modeling accuracy for the design of fast breeder reactors the authors are developing a neutronics calculation method for designing a large commercial type sodium- cooled fast reactor. The calculation method is established by taking into account the special features of the reactor such as the use of annular fuel pellet, inner duct tube in large fuel assemblies, large core. The Verification and Validation, and Uncertainty Qualification (V and V and UQ) of the calculation method is being performed by using measured data from the prototype FBR Monju. The results of this project will be used in the design and analysis of the commercial type demonstration FBR, known as the Japanese Sodium fast Reactor (JSFR). (authors)

Takeda, T.; Shimazu, Y.; Hibi, K.; Fujimura, K. [Research Inst. of Nuclear Engineering, Univ. of Fukui, 1cho-me 2gaiku 4, Kanawa-cho, Tsuruga-shi, Fukui 914-0055 (Japan)

2012-07-01

399

Japanese contributions to International Planetary Data Alliance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this presentation, we will introduce Japanese contributions to the data archives for international collaborations. In Japan, the importance of planetary data archive was not recognized enough until early in 2000's. While NASA and ESA started their collaborations to their archives: PDS and PSA, and tried to make the new standard, JAXA was looking for the way of contributions because Japan did not have own data and archiving policy. The activities of NASA and ESA extended to the international collaborations, and International Planetary Data Alliance was established. JAXA had an opportunity to join the IPDA as an agency member. One of the contributions, the IPDA chairman was undertaken by Japanese member. The projects in IPDA were managed and were proceeded successfully during the term. For the technical part, JAXA is making several pilot systems to share planetary data. Planetary Data Access Protocol, PDAP, developed by IPDA, is implemented in JAXA's system, and provides a search system for Hayabusa and Kaguya (SELENE) data. Not only for Japanese data, but also Apollo's seismic data archives are prepared for scientific communities. The seismic data on the moon has not been measured for a long time, and Apollo's data are still precious and should be archived together with much information. The contributions to planetary data archives has just started and continues as a member of IPDA.

Yamamoto, Yukio; Kasaba, Yasumasa; Hirata, Naru; Shinohara, Iku

2012-07-01

400

Japanese American Exhibit and Access Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, created by the University of Washington, is a rare find: an excellent, well-crafted, content-rich online exhibit paired with a very useful guide to archival holdings on the same subject. The subject is the forcible internment of Japanese Americans on the American west coast. This exhibit chronicles the experiences of Seattle's Japanese Americans in the Spring and Summer of 1942, when they were removed from their homes and taken to Puyallup assembly center, nicknamed "Camp Harmony" by Army information officers. There they spent four months before being moved to another camp in Idaho. The exhibit itself is a bit slow to load, but well worth the wait. Photos and informative pieces are mixed with original documents, including evacuation orders, articles from Seattle newspapers and the camp newsletter, and official camp documents. The site also offers full and partial guides to the considerable holdings of related materials at the Manuscripts and University Archives. Other features include a bibliography of secondary works held at the University and a link to an associated site on Japanese Canadian internment and redress.

401

Equol improves menopausal symptoms in Japanese women.  

PubMed

It has been well documented that the frequency of vasomotor menopausal symptoms, such as hot flashes and night sweats, of Japanese menopausal women is less than that of Western women. High intake of soy isoflavones in the traditional Japanese diet has been postulated as the possible explanation of the difference. Epidemiological studies have reported that the content of equol, which is a biologically active metabolite of the isoflavone, daidzein, is lower in the women who complain of severe vasomotor symptoms. To investigate the involvement of equol in the manifestation of menopausal symptoms, especially vasomotor symptoms, and the possible therapeutic role of a supplement containing equol (natural S-equol developed by Otsuka Pharmaceutical) on the menopausal symptoms of Japanese women, 3 randomized clinical trials were conducted. The studies indicated that a daily dose of 10 mg of natural S-equol improved menopausal symptoms. In the confirmation study, menopausal women who were equol nonproducers who consumed 10 mg/d of natural S-equol for 12 wk had significantly reduced severity and frequency of hot flashes as well as a significant reduction in the severity of neck or shoulder stiffness. The equol-ingesting group also showed trends of improvement in sweating and irritability and a significant improvement in the somatic category symptoms. Thus, it is concluded that the supplement containing natural S-equol, a novel soybean-derived functional component, has a promising role as an alternative remedy in the management of menopausal symptoms. PMID:20484552

Aso, Takeshi

2010-07-01

402

Modular Building Controls Virtual Test Bed for the Integration of Heterogeneous Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper describes the Building Controls Virtual Test Bed (BCVTB) that is currently under development at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. An earlier prototype linked EnergyPlus with controls hardware through embedded SPARK models and demonstrated ...

M. Wetter P. Haves

2008-01-01

403

Accelerator Tests of the KLEM Prototypes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Kinematic Lightweight Energy Meter (KLEM) device is planned for direct measurement of the elemental energy spectra of high-energy (10(exp 11)-10(exp 16) eV) cosmic rays. The first KLEM prototype has been tested at CERN with 180 GeV pion beam in 2001. A modified KLEM prototype will be tested in proton and heavy ion beams to give more experimental data on energy resolution and charge resolution with KLEM method. The first test results are presented and compared with simulations.

Bashindzhagyan, G.; Adams, J. H.; Bashindzhagyan, P.; Baranova, N.; Christl, M.; Chilingarian, A.; Chupin, I.; Derrickson, J.; Drury, L.; Egorov, N.

2003-01-01

404

Prototype studies for the CLEO III RICH  

SciTech Connect

The authors describe a prototype RICH detector that has been built as part of design work for the CLEO III RICH. Cherenkov photons are produced in a LiF radiator, and are detected in a multiwire chamber with a CaF{sub 2} entrance window containing a gas mixture of methane and TEA. Signals are read out from 2016 cathode pads using low noise Viking chips. First results from this prototype show a yield of 13 photoelectrons per image in agreement with the design studies.

Kopp, S.; Artuso, M.; Efimov, A.; Gao, M.; Playfer, S.; Mountain, R.; Muheim, F.; Stone, S. [Syracuse Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Physics] [Syracuse Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Physics

1996-06-01

405

Space Station Freedom engineering prototype development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The content of the Advance Development Program and subsequent Engineering Prototype Development activity has been guided by a series of focused studies. These studies started with the report of the Advance Development Task Force. An outline of issues relating to Automation, Data Systems, and Telerobotics was projected for the Space Station. Subsequent studies built upon and reaffirmed a focus on development and prototyping of Automation Technology for subsystem monitoring and problem diagnosis, Data System growth to accommodate more sophisticated automation, and use of Telerobotics technology to assist in the reduction ot required ExtraVehicular Activity (EVA) and IntraVehicular Activity (IVA) task time.

Fernquist, Alan

1991-01-01

406

Nanoscale Prototyping Laboratory at Stanford University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In today's technology-driven marketplace, groundbreaking advances are made daily, and many companies are struggling to keep up. Rapid prototyping is a system that decreases a product's time-to-market, which can give companies that practice it an edge. Stanford University's Rapid Prototyping Laboratory is very active in research, and its Web site has information on the many projects with which it has been involved. The research section is divided into three parts: applications, processes, and planning. Additionally, there is a large collection of theses and conference papers that are available for free download.

2001-01-01

407

Design and prototyping of micro centrifugal compressor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to establish the design methodology of ultra micro centrifugal compressor, which is the most important component of ultra micro gas turbine unit, a 10 times of the final target size model was designed, prototyped and tested. The problems to be solved for downsizing were examined and 2-dimensional impeller was chosen as the first model due to its productivity. The conventional 1D prediction method, CFD and the inverse design were attempted. The prototyped compressor was driven by using a turbocharger and the performance characteristics were measured.

Mizuki, Shimpei; Minorikawa, Gaku; Hirano, Toshiyuki; Asaga, Yuichiro; Yamaguchi, Naoki; Ohta, Yutaka; Outa, Eisuke

2003-02-01

408

Seroprevalence of Japanese encephalitis virus infection in captive Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata).  

PubMed

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), which is transmitted by mosquitoes, infects many animal species and causes serious acute encephalitis in humans and horses. In this study, a serosurvey of JEV in Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) reared in Aichi Prefecture was conducted using purified JEV as an antigen for ELISA. The results revealed that 146 of 332 monkeys (44 %) were seropositive for JEV. In addition, 35 of 131 monkeys (27 %) born in the facility were seropositive, and the annual infection rate in the facility was estimated as 13 %. Our results provide evidence of the frequent exposure of many Japanese macaques to JEV, suggesting that there is a risk of JEV transmission to humans by mosquitoes. PMID:24748049

Shimoda, Hiroshi; Saito, Akatsuki; Noguchi, Keita; Terada, Yutaka; Kuwata, Ryusei; Akari, Hirofumi; Takasaki, Tomohiko; Maeda, Ken

2014-07-01

409

Building Design  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Building Design site bills itself as "the architects" website", and it is a claim that is quite accurate and apropos. Designed to complement their print publication, the site is a treasure-trove of material for just about anyone who is involved in any aspect of building, including architects, design theorists, planners, and so on. As the magazine is based in the United Kingdom, there's definitely a British Isles focus. Readers probably won't mind as the site offers excellent coverage of the field in the "News" section, where they can sign up to receive email updates, watch some slideshows of new and proposed buildings, and read long-form pieces. Not surprisingly, the site is keeping up with the proverbial Joneses" by offering a smattering of intelligent and lively blogs, coupled with podcasts that mix contemporary interviews and discussions with archived materials such as talks with Buckminster Fuller on his environmental philosophy.

410

7 CFR 301.48-6 - Movement of live Japanese beetles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Movement of live Japanese beetles. 301.48-6 Section...AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Japanese Beetle Quarantine and Regulations § 301.48-6 Movement of live Japanese beetles. Regulations...

2009-01-01

411

7 CFR 301.48-6 - Movement of live Japanese beetles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Movement of live Japanese beetles. 301.48-6 Section...AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Japanese Beetle Quarantine and Regulations § 301.48-6 Movement of live Japanese beetles. Regulations...

2010-01-01

412

Current Status of Japanese to English Machine Translation. Report to Congress,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary obstacle to access to the Japanese technical literature is the Japanese language. Manual translation of Japanese technical material tends to be very expensive and, especially in specialized technical fields, is often inaccurate. Machine-aided ...

T. Kusuda

1988-01-01

413

Polymeric rapid prototyping for inexpensive and portable medical diagnostics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The advent of inexpensive CO2 laser systems has led to a wide range of demonstrations of microfabricated lab on chip systems built of acrylic. However, there has been little application of these systems to building microfluidics for DNA analysis. In this work we explore the use of CO2 laser systems for building microfluidics for DNA analysis and relate the artifacts of the fabrication technology to the performance of the system. We show that surface roughness that leads to significant constrictions in the separation channel provides an upper limit of the size of DNA that can be analysed. Below that upper limit, the resolution of the chip is strongly affected by the degree to which the separation channel is exposed to redeposited by-products of the ablation process. We show that by controlling these effects we are reliably able to discern two types of PCR product as a test representative of a real application. By being able to do this is in microfluidic devices the size of a postage stamp we have shown that we can now use CO2 laser systems for the development of extremely inexpensive diagnostic systems using a rapid prototyping approach.

Ma, Tianchi; Northrup, Victoria; Fung, Andrew O.; Glerum, D. Moira; Backhouse, Christopher J.

414

Japanese Studies Resources Guide: Duke University East Asian Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Kristina Kade Troost, East Asian Librarian at Duke, has constructed an excellent collection of resources for Japanese Studies. This site describes resources available at Duke and through the Internet, including encyclopedias, general and subject bibliographies, word and name dictionaries, periodical and newspaper indexes and holdings, library and book catalogs, East Asian collections in the US, related web sites, and Japan-related discussion lists. The guide covers both English and Japanese language resources and special software is necessary to decode the Japanese. This is a rich, detailed, and easy to navigate site that serves as an excellent starting point for any search for Japanese resources on the Internet.

415

Nudity in Japanese visual media: a cross-cultural observation.  

PubMed

The depiction of nude human beings in Japanese print, film, and electronic media is reported. Modern practices are then related to traditional Japanese culture. The various contexts in which nudes are regularly presented are described and various types of nude presentations are classified. It is suggested that the nude body evokes different responses in Japanese culture and is not always intended to convey sexual or erotic meanings. Sentiment, particularly that evoked by the family and motherhood, and nonsexual humor, are other responses that nudity is intended to elicit. The Japanese situation is compared to presentation of nudity in the United States. PMID:2082862

Downs, J F

1990-12-01

416

Target Height and Target Range for Japanese Children: Revisited  

PubMed Central

In 1990, we proposed the equations to calculate target height (TH) and target range (TR) for Japanese, taking account of the positive height secular trend observed over the last ?100 years. However, height difference between generations appears to have become small or negligible in contemporary Japanese populations. Thus, we re-analyzed the Japanese height data, and revised the equations for TH and TR for contemporary Japanese children as follows (cm): Boys, TH = {PH + (MH + 13)} ÷ 2, TR = TH ± 9; and Girls, TH = {(PH – 13) + MH} ÷ 2; TR = TH ± 8, where PH indicates paternal height and MH maternal height.

Ogata, Tsutomu; Tanaka, Toshiaki; Kagami, Masayo

2007-01-01

417

Building Tall  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this engineering activity (page 2 of PDF), young learners investigate how a wide base can make a building more stable. Learners use blocks or boxes of different sizes to construct stable towers. Learners will compare and contrast different structures, document their observations, experiment with different materials, and conduct stability tests. This activity is part of the Curious George "Under Construction" lesson plan and related to the show Curious George on PBS, specifically the episode "Curious George's Home for Pigeons." The lesson plan includes several activities that explore building engineering. Activities are connected to fiction and non-fiction books and include family extension projects.

Kids, Pbs

2006-01-01

418

Boat Building  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners become familiar with the concept of Archimedesâ Principle (buoyancy) and how this concept relates to building a boat that will float. Learners use household items to create a buoyant boat and can add weight to see who has the best design. This can be a team challenge activity where learners work with partners or learners can build their own individual boats. This activity was intended to precede a museum visit, but can be used on its own. The lesson guide includes background information, key vocabulary words, questions to ask, extensions and resources.

Houston, Children'S M.

2008-01-01

419

Rapid prototyping for neuroscience and neural engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid prototyping (RP) is a useful method for designing and fabricating a wide variety of devices used for neuroscience research. The present study confirms the utility of using fused deposition modeling, a specific form of RP, to produce three devices commonly used for basic science experimentation. The accuracy and precision of the RP method varies according to the type and

Peter Tek; Terry C. Chiganos; Javeed Shaikh Mohammed; David T. Eddington; Christopher P. Fall; Peter Ifft; Patrick J. Rousche

2008-01-01

420

A Prototype Reading Coach that Listens  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report progress on a new approach to combatting illiteracy -- getting computers to listen to children read aloud. We describe a fully automated prototype coach for oral reading. It displays a story on the screen, listens as a child reads it, and decides whether and how to intervene. We report on pilot experiments with low-reading second graders to test

Jack Mostow; Steven F. Roth; Alexander G. Hauptmann; Matthew Kane

1994-01-01

421

Testing of Prototype Knee-Protective Devices.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the present study was to develop the prototype into a knee pad that would find a high degree of acceptance among coal mine workers. The result of the study is a knee pad design which rated second out of nine in the comparative evaluation. A...

E. P. Thal-Larsen R. B. Sleight

1974-01-01

422

Options Approach to Software Prototyping Decisions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Abstract Prototyping is often used to predict, or reduce the uncertainty over, the future profitability of a software design choice. We propose a general multi-period approach that takes into account the flexibility of being able to postpone the prototypi...

P. Chalasani S. Jha K. Sullivan

1997-01-01

423

FIELD PROTOTYPE DEMONSTRATION OF THE SWIRL DEGRITTER  

EPA Science Inventory

A prototype swirl degritter was tested by the Metropolitan Denver Sewage Disposal District No. 1. The unit was designed to duplicate the grit removal device needed to degrit the underflow from the proposed swirl concentrator as a combined sewer overflow regulator at Lancaster, Pe...

424

COCKPIT INSTRUMENTAT ION VIRTUAL PROTOTYP ING  

Microsoft Academic Search

A completely 3D and interactive technique for cockpit instrumentation prototyping and visualization is presented in this paper. Nowadays Virtual Reality features are widely used in many fields of human activity, including leisure and entertainment. From military training to engineering design, VR can dramatically increase visualization and interaction capabilities adding true 3D vision in m any software applications. Cockpit design and

F. Persiani; A. Liverani

425

Automated inventory tracking system prototype in cloud  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we investigate possible solutions for alleviating retail manufacturers of logistical concerns by using inexpensive cell phones with WAP and WiFi capabilities, low resolution digital cameras, and open source applications for web hosts in the cloud to store and process business information. The proposed inventory tracking system prototype is aimed at the company’s agents whose responsibilities are to

Rob Grmek; Youry Khmelevsky; Dmitry Syrotovsky

2011-01-01

426

A Prototype Terrestrial Terahertz Imaging System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interest in alternative imaging, with an emphasis on medical and security applications, is increasing. The terahertz spectrum is beginning to be explored for these applications. A prototype scanning imaging system is described here. This system currently operates at 1.6 THz and uses a HEB as a heterodyne detection element. Object scanning is accomplished by using an oscillating mirror running at

Ric Zannoni; K. S. Yngvesson; F. Rodriguez-Morales; J. Nicholson; D. Gu; E. Gerecht

2005-01-01

427

A prototyping system for mobile devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper discusses an FPGA-based prototyping system with both wired and wireless programming and data exchange facilities. The system can be efficiently used for different types of portable devices. For example, it can supply additional interfaces to mobile computers; can be seen as a hardware accelerator for solving computationally complex problems or serve as a base for portable embedded applications.

Valery Sklyarov; Iouliia Skliarova; Manuel Almeida; Bruno Figueiredo Pimentel

2007-01-01

428

A prototype imaging second harmonic interferometer  

SciTech Connect

We have built a prototype imaging second harmonic interferometer, which is intended to test critical elements of a design for a tangential array interferometer on C-Mod{sup 6}. The prototype uses a pulsed, 35 mJ, 10 Hz multimode, Nd:YAG laser, LiB{sub 3}O{sub 5} doublers, a fan beam created by a cylindrical lens, four retroreflector elements, and a CCD camera as a detector. The prototype also uses a polarization scheme in which the interference information is eventually carried by two second harmonic beams with crossed polarization. These are vector summed and differenced, and separated, by a Wollaston prism, to give two spots on the CCD. There is a pair of these spots for each retroreflector used. The phase information is directly available as the ratio of the difference to sum the intensities of the two spots. We have tested a single channel configuration of this prototype, varying the phase by changing the pressure in an air cell, and we have obtained a 5:1 light to dark ratio, and a clear sinusoidal variation of the ratio as a function of pressure change. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Jobes, F.C.; Bretz, N.L. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)] [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

1997-01-01

429

Expert system prototype of food aid distribution.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to improve efficiency of the food aid distribution process of international food relief organizations. An overall objective of this study was to develop a prototype expert system for monitoring and evaluating food aid by international disaster relief organizations. The research identifies data related to monitoring and evaluation processes of various international food-aid organizations. It then applies an artificial intelligence-based expert system to develop a prototype for those processes. Existing data related to monitoring and evaluation program cycles were obtained. An expert system shell called CLIPS(c) (National Aeronautics Space Administration) was used to develop a prototype system named Food Aid Monitor, a rule-based expert system, which uses facts and heuristic rules to provide an adaptive feedback regarding monitoring and evaluating processes at various stages of food aid operation. The Food Aid Monitor was evaluated and validated by three expert panels checking the prototype system for completeness, relevancy, consistency, correctness, precision, and use-ability. Finally, the panels indicated a belief that the system could have an overall positive impact on the stages of monitoring and evaluating food aid processes of the food relief organizations. PMID:17392088

Singh, Neeta

2007-01-01

430

A prototype Helmholtz–Thompson nonlinear oscillator  

Microsoft Academic Search

A prototype electronic (analog) circuit has been built to mimic a nonlinear oscillator proposed a century ago by Helmholtz in order to account for combinational tones in the drumskin, and more recently by Thompson to account for ship stability to waves in windy situations and its potential and eventual capsize. Besides a careful discussion of elements and their expected performance,

E. del Ri´o; A. Rodri´guez-Lozano; M. G. Velarde

1992-01-01

431

A prototype fuel-efficiency support tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

An effective way to reduce fuel consumption in the short run is to induce a change in driver behaviour. If drivers are prepared to change their driving habits they can complete the same journeys within similar travel times, but using significantly less fuel. In this paper, a prototype fuel-efficiency support tool is presented which helps drivers make the necessary behavioural

Mascha van der Voort; Mark S Dougherty; Martin van Maarseveen

2001-01-01

432

A Prototype Expert System for Fishway Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development of a prototype expert system to recommend the most suitable type of fishway for given design conditions. Recommendations are provided on the basis of fishway hydraulics, fish passage performance, and cost requirements. An appendix provides an example consultation. (MDH)

Bender, Michael J.; And Others

1992-01-01

433

Construction of a Plasma Dynamo Prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new plasma experiment to investigate the self-generation of magnetic fields has been proposed. Here, a prototype experiment is described which plans to verify the concept of inducing the rotation of a nearly magnetic field free plasma (confined at the boundary by a highly localized multicusp magnetic field). The experiment consists of a cylindrical vacuum chamber with a series of

Andrew Seltzman; Cary Forest; Roch Kendrick; Cami Collins

2007-01-01

434

Rapid Prototyping of Message Processor Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The DoD has taken the recommendations of the Packard commission to heart in encouraging Rapid Prototyping through the use of Non-Developmental Items and Off-The-Shelf software. While these goals are laudable, the practical side of the matter has been that...

B. Barlin R. A. Smith J. M. Lawler

1990-01-01

435

Status of prototype USCG DGPS broadcasts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A prototype Differential GPS (DGPS) used by the U.S. Coast Guard is described. The general structure of the DGPS service, its geographical coverage, and the content of the broadcasts are examined. A statistical analysis of its performance over one year of operation is given.

Spalding, Joseph W.; Krammes, Scott L.; Pietraszewski, David J.

436

Prototype solar heating and cooling systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A collection of monthly status reports on the development of eight prototype solar heating and cooling systems is presented. The effort calls for the development, manufacture, test, system installation, maintenance, problem resolution, and performance evaluation. The systems are 3, 25, and 75 ton size units.

1978-01-01

437

Low cost miniaturization of an implantable prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present the stages for manufacturing a low-cost miniaturized prototype device, which observes the restrictions of implantable medical devices. The device measures the electrocardiography. The power for the implant is received passively as the same magnetic field as data is transferred to the reader device. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In this manufacturing technique, only

Henna Heinilä; Jarno Riistama; Pekka Heino; Jukka Lekkala

2009-01-01

438

CFPC material characteristics and SLS prototyping process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to characterize the material properties of carbon fiber polyamide composite (CFPC) used in a 3D rapid prototyping process based upon selective laser sintering (SLS) and demonstrate that the SLS process introduces a bias in the micro-fiber orientation such that the CFPC solid is an orthotropic structural material. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Material coupons for

R. Bruce Floersheim; Gene Hou; Kent Firestone

2009-01-01

439

FPAA Prototyping of ?? Analog Digital Converters  

Microsoft Academic Search

A prototyping method for designing mixed signal systems has been presented in the paper. The method is based on implementation of field programmable analog arrays (FPAA) to configure and reconfigure mixed signal systems. A ?? analog digital converter (ADC) structure has been used as an example. The circuit characteristics have been measured and then the structure of the converter has

R. Suszynski; K. Wawryn

2006-01-01

440

Thermoelectric SMA actuator: preliminary prototype testing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, preliminary analysis and testing of a thermoelectric compact shape memory alloy (TEC-SMA) actuator prototype will be presented. The prototype testing process will result in detailed feasibility assessment and quantification of the operational specification ranges for the TEC-SMA actuator. The actuators" potential for compactness and miniaturization will be assessed and quantified, however for the initial work presented in this paper, the prototype will not be optimally compact. The presented actuator prototype is a solid-state, thermoelectric SMA actuator that utilizes directly the thermoelectric effect for cooling an SMA element. The preliminary experimental setup consists of an SMA strip in close contact with Thermoelectric Modules (TEM)s for cooling, coupled with an LVDT, a load cell, and thermocouples to characterize and optimize the actuator bandwidth, stroke, length, output power and energy density based on SMA actuation cycles. Preliminary experimental results are presented based on the described setup for 0.5 Hz and 1.0 Hz actuation frequencies. A significant conclusion form this study is the need for power modulation for TEMs and SMA actuators for optimal performance of the TEC-SMA actuator.

Khan, Mughees M.; Lagoudas, Dimitris C.; Rediniotis, Othon K.

2003-08-01

441

Intelligent layout planning for rapid prototyping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Significant savings in cost and time can be achieved in rapid prototyping (RP) by manufacturing multiple parts in a single setup to achieve efficient machine volume utilization. This paper reports the design and implementation of a system for the optimal layout planning of 3D parts for a RP process. A genetic algorithm (GA) based search strategy has been used to

A. S. Gogate; S. S. Pande

2008-01-01

442

Analysis of the TRIPS prototype block predictor  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the performance of the TRIPS proto- type chip's block predictor. The prototype is the first imple- mentation of the block-atomic TRIPS architecture, wherein the unit of execution is a TRIPS hyperblock. The TRIPS pro- totype predictor uses a two-step prediction process: it first predicts the exit from the current hyperblock and uses the predicted exit in conjunction

Nitya Ranganathan; Doug Burger; Stephen W. Keckler

2009-01-01

443

NASA's Wireless Augmented Reality Prototype (WARP)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of Wireless Augmented Reality Prototype (WARP) effort is to develop and integrate advanced technologies for real-time personal display of information relevant to the health and safety of space station/shuttle personnel. The WARP effort will develop and demonstrate technologies that will ultimately be incorporated into operational Space Station systems and that have potential earth applications such as aircraft pilot alertness monitoring and in various medical and consumer environments where augmented reality is required. To this end a two phase effort will be undertaken to rapidly develop a prototype (Phase I) and an advanced prototype (Phase II) to demonstrate the following key technology features that could be applied to astronaut internal vehicle activity (IVA) and potentially external vehicle activity (EVA) as well: 1) mobile visualization, and 2) distributed information system access. Specifically, Phase I will integrate a low power, miniature wireless communication link and a commercial biosensor with a head mounted display. The Phase I design will emphasize the development of a relatively small, lightweight, and unobtrusive body worn prototype system. Phase II will put increased effort on miniaturization, power consumption reduction, increased throughput, higher resolution, and ``wire removal'' of the subsystems developed in Phase I.

Agan, Martin; Voisinet, Leeann; Devereaux, Ann

1998-01-01

444

Local Feature Weighting in Nearest Prototype Classification  

Microsoft Academic Search

The distance metric is the corner stone of nearest neighbor (NN)-based methods, and therefore, of nearest prototype (NP) algorithms. That is because they classify depending on the similarity of the data. When the data is characterized by a set of features which may contribute to the classification task in different levels, feature weighting or selection is required, sometimes in a

Fernando Fernández; Pedro Isasi

2008-01-01

445

Dynamic Prototypicality Effects in Visual Search  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent studies, researchers have discovered a larger neural activation for stimuli that are more extreme exemplars of their stimulus class, compared with stimuli that are more prototypical. This has been shown for faces as well as for familiar and novel shape classes. We used a visual search task to look for a behavioral correlate of these…

Kayaert, Greet; Op de Beeck, Hans P.; Wagemans, Johan

2011-01-01

446

Conceptual Design of a Prototype LSST Database  

SciTech Connect

This document describes a preliminary design for Prototype LSST Database (LSST DB). They identify key components and data structures and provide an expandable conceptual schema for the database. The authors discuss the potential user applications and post-processing algorithm to interact with the database, and give a set of example queries.

Nikolaev, S; Huber, M E; Cook, K H; Abdulla, G; Brase, J

2004-10-07

447

UNESCO CD-ROM. Prototype Evaluation Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports the result of a study carried out to evaluate the installation and use of the UNESCO CD-ROM prototype. A questionnaire in English and French was sent to about 267 institutions around the world. Replies were received from 97 bodies, giving a response rate of about 36%. Almost all respondents were information professionals in…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

448

Building Trades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide provides materials for a competency-based course in building trades at the secondary level. The curriculum design uses the curriculum infused model for the teaching of basic skills as part of vocational education and demonstrates the relationship of vocationally related skills to communication, mathematics, and science…

Gudzak, Raymond

449

Building Height  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Working in pairs, students create a clinometer and use isosceles right triangles to find the height of a building. The class will compare measurements, discuss their results, and select the best measure of central tendency to report the most accurate height. All handouts and excellent class discussion questions are provided.

Hendrickson, Katie

2000-01-01

450

Building Sustainability  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) provides this presentation for high school and community college instructors on developing curricula in the sustainable building industry. The document was part of a workshop held during ATEEC's Sustainable Energy Education and Training conference. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

2011-03-31

451

Building Sinusoids  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes the development and implementation of a measurement-based group activity designed to support students in understanding the connection between angle magnitude and the shape of the sine function. She explains that the benefit of this activity is that it allows students to build their trigonometric knowledge…

Landers, Mara G.

2013-01-01

452

The infrared camera prototype characterization for the JEM-EUSO space mission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

JEM-EUSO (Extreme Universe Space Observatory on Japanese Experiment Module) is an advanced observatory that will be on-board the International Space Station (ISS) and use the Earth?s atmosphere as a huge calorimeter detector. However, the atmospheric clouds introduce uncertainties in the signals measured by JEM-EUSO. Therefore, it is extremely important to know the atmospheric conditions and properties of the clouds in the Field of View (FoV) of the telescope. The Atmospheric Monitoring System (AMS) of JEM-EUSO includes a lidar and an infrared imaging system, IR-Camera, aimed to detect the presence of clouds and to obtain the cloud coverage and cloud top altitude during the observations of the JEM-EUSO main telescope. To define the road-map for the design of the electronics, the detector has been tested extensively with a first prototype. The actual design of the IR-Camera, the test of the prototype, and the outcome of this characterization are presented in this paper.

Morales de los Ríos, J. A.; Joven, E.; del Peral, L.; Reyes, M.; Licandro, J.; Rodríguez Frías, M. D.

2014-06-01

453

Sequential-Simultaneous Analysis of Japanese Children's Performance on the Japanese McCarthy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the hypothesis that Japanese children perform significantly better on simultaneous processing than on sequential processing. The Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (K-ABC) served as the criterion of the two types of mental processing. Regression equations to predict Sequential and Simultaneous processing from McCarthy…

Ishikuma, Toshinori; And Others

454

How the Japanese Learn To Work. Second Edition. Nissan Institute/Routledge Japanese Studies Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines how the Japanese learn to work by exploring the following topics: common assumptions about vocational education and training (VET) that Japan brings into question; Japan's general education system and the moral quality and prestige status of the teaching and learning process; screening processes within Japan's education system…

Dore, Ronald; Sako, Mari

455

Japanese Network Capital: The Impact of Social Networks on Japanese Political Participation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent scholarship shows that social capital has a large influence on political behavior. Social capital’s definition includes trust, norms of reciprocity, and social networks. Most studies, however, ignore the networking component. Here, we test the influence of social networks on political participation using new Japanese survey data. We separately test the effects of involvement in formally organized voluntary associations and

Ken’ichi Ikeda; Sean E. Richey

2005-01-01

456

Building Specifications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The building in the top photo is the new home of the National Permanent Savings Bank in Washington, D.C., designed by Hartman-Cox Architects. Its construction was based on a money-saving method of preparing building specifications which derived from NASA technology developed to obtain quality construction while holding down cost of launch facilities, test centers and other structures. Written technical specifications spell out materials and components to be used on construction projects and identify the quality tests each item must pass. Specifications can have major impact on construction costs. Poorly formulated specifications can lead to unacceptable construction which must be replaced, unnecessarily high materials costs, safety hazards, disputes and often additional costs due to delays and litigation. NASA's Langley Research Center developed a novel approach to providing accurate, uniform, cost-effective specifications which can be readily updated to incorporate new building technologies. Called SPECSINTACT, it is a computerized - system accessible to all NASA centers involved in construction programs. The system contains a comprehensive catalog of master specifications applicable to many types of construction. It enables designers of any structure to call out relevant sections from computer storage and modify them to fit the needs of the project at hand. Architects and engineers can save time by concentrating their efforts on needed modifications rather than developing all specifications from scratch. Successful use of SPECSINTACT has led to a number of spinoff systems. One of the first was MASTERSPEC, developed from NASA's experience by Production Systems for Architects and Engineers, Inc., an organization established by the American Institute of Architects. MASTERSPEC, used in construction of the bank building pictured, follows the same basic format as SPECSINTACT and can be used in either automated or manual modes. The striking appearance of the bank building shows that, while MASTERSPEC saves time and money, its use involves no sacrfice in architectural design freedom. The Naval Engineering Facilities Command employs an automated specifications system based on SPECSINTACT. The Public Buildings Service of the General Services Administration used SPECSINTACT as a starting point in a plan to make its guideline specifications available to architects and engineers on a nationwide computer network. Public Technology, Inc., a NASA Technology Application Team, is working with Production Systems for Architects and Engineers, Inc., to promote widespread use of the system by state and local governments for cost benefits to taxpayers.

1978-01-01

457

Building Buildings with Triangular Numbers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Triangular numbers are used to unravel a new sequence of natural numbers here-to-fore not appearing on the Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences website. Insight is provided on the construction of the sequence using "buildings" as a viewable model of the sequence entries. A step-by-step analysis of the sequence pattern reveals a method for generating…

Pagni, David L.

2006-01-01

458

Building the Wireless Campus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This prototype is a continuation of a series of wireless prototypes which began in August 2001 and was reported on again in August 2002. This is the final year of this prototype. This continuation allowed Saint Francis University's Center of Excellence for Remote and Medically Under-Served Areas (CERMUSA) to refine the existing WLAN for the Saint…

Gerraughty, James F.; Shanafelt, Michael E.

2005-01-01

459

Acquisition of Japanese contracted sounds in L1 phonology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Japanese possesses a group of palatalized consonants, known to Japanese scholars as the contracted sounds, [CjV]. English learners of Japanese appear to treat them initially as consonant + glide clusters, where there is an equivalent [Cj] cluster in English, or otherwise tend to insert an epenthetic vowel [CVjV]. The acquisition of the Japanese contracted sounds by first language (L1) learners has not been widely studied compared with the consonant clusters in English with which they bear a close phonetic resemblance but have quite a different phonological status. This is a study to investigate the L1 acquisition process of the Japanese contracted sounds (a) in order to observe how the palatalization gesture is acquired in Japanese and (b) to investigate differences in the sound acquisition processes of first and second language (L2) learners: Japanese children compared with English learners. To do this, the productions of Japanese children ranging in age from 2.5 to 3.5 years were transcribed and the pattern of misproduction was observed.

Tsurutani, Chiharu

2002-05-01

460

Corruption in Japanese Defense Procurement: A Game-theoretic Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Japanese defense market is an oligopoly. Firms in the defense industry also produce civilian goods, and the revenues they obtain from defense contracts are quite small relative to the revenues coming from the production of private goods. Because the Japanese constitution prohibits arms export, the defense industry in Japan essentially serves an internal market. Furthermore, defense contracts are not

Tetsuro Mizoguchi; Nguyen Van Quyen

2008-01-01

461

Japanese International Female Students' Experience of Discrimination, Prejudice, and Stereotypes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examined four Japanese international female college students' experience of discrimination, prejudice, and stereotypes in a predominately white university. Four themes emerged from the analysis of data: (1) overt forms of prejudice and discrimination; (2) stereotypes common to Asians; (3) stereotypes unique to the Japanese;…

Bonazzo, Claude; Wong, Y. Joel

2007-01-01

462

Silence in the Second Language Classrooms of Japanese Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Japanese language learners' proclivity for silence has been alluded to by various writers (e.g. Anderson 1993; Korst 1997; Greer 2000) and is supported by plenty of anecdotal evidence, but large-scale, empirical studies aimed at measuring the extent of macro-level silence within Japanese university L2 classrooms are notably lacking. This article…

King, Jim

2013-01-01

463

Positioning Foreign English Language Teachers in the Japanese University Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study employs positioning theory to explore the experiences of adjunct foreign English language teachers (AFELT) in the Japanese university sector. The research is located in the broad internationalisation discourse and considers AFELT positions as "foreign" teachers at a time when the Japanese university sector is aiming to…

Whitsed, Craig; Volet, Simone

2013-01-01

464

Review: The speech corpus and database of Japanese dialects  

Microsoft Academic Search

is a recording of readings of words, phrases, sentences, and texts in Japanese dialects. The focus of the speech material is on prosody, in particular, on accentual variations, and to a lesser extent on intonation. In addition to the dialectal materials, SCDJD contains speech of the minority language Ainu, Japanese traditional singings, school children's speech, and speech by the foreign

Yasuko Nagano-madsen

465

Socioeconomic Mobility Among Three Generations of Japanese Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from a three generational survey of Japanese Americans indicate that the occupational and educational attainments of the first generation are reflected in the achievements of later generations, and suggest that both relatively traditional and more assimilationist currents flow in the Japanese American community. (Author/JM)

Levine, Gene N.; Montero, Darrel M.

1973-01-01

466

Pragmatic Comprehension in Japanese as a Foreign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study developed an original instrument that measures pragmatic comprehension in Japanese as a foreign language (JFL). It examined the ability to comprehend implied meaning encoded in conventional and nonconventional features and the effect of proficiency on comprehension. There were 63 college students of Japanese at 2 proficiency levels who…

Taguchi, Naoko

2008-01-01

467

The perceptions of Malaysians in a Japanese company  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to investigate the perceptions of Malaysian employees of ABC MSC (a Japanese company in Malaysia) in order to recommend changes in management practices. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Fieldwork was conducted using participant observation and interviews. Participant observation was conducted to investigate the flow of information, the implementation of decisions made by the top Japanese

Yeap Peik Foong; Stanley Richardson

2008-01-01

468

Video Game Play in British and Japanese Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results from research into negative correlates of computer/video game play in the United Kingdom and in Japan are presented, with new analyses across cultures. Patterns of play are similar, although Japanese adolescents have been playing for longer, they play fewer aggressive games, and there is greater perceived concern by Japanese parents.…

Colwell, John; Kato, Makiko

2005-01-01

469

The Contribution of "Study Abroad" Programs to Japanese Internationalization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Study abroad" needs promoting, as it is an effective alternative for many Japanese university students to enhance their international experience and cross-cultural understanding, thus contributing to the internationalization of Japanese universities. To consider what has to be done to promote "study abroad" programs, this research attempts to…

Asaoka, Takako; Jun Yano,

2009-01-01

470

Sunao (Cooperative) Children: The Development of Autonomy in Japanese Preschoolers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the Japanese concepts of "sunao," a quality of docility or cooperativeness in kindergarten children, age 6 and a half years old, from the viewpoint of children themselves. Examined how Japanese adults promote their children's internalization of parental, group, and institutional norms. Discusses the role of "sunao" as a fundamental…

Taylor, Satomi Izumi; Lichtman, Marilyn; Ogawa, Tetsuya

1998-01-01

471

Automatic transliteration for Japanese-to-English text retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

For cross language information retrieval (CLIR) based on bilingual translation dictionaries, good performance depends upon lexical coverage in the dictionary. This is especially true for languages possessing few inter-language cognates, such as between Japanese and English. In this paper, we describe a method for automatically creating and validating candidate Japanese transliterated terms of English words. A phonetic English dictionary and

Yan Qu; Gregory Grefenstette; David A. Evans

2003-01-01

472

College as Moratorium: The Hidden Functions of Japanese College Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Japanese universities have been characterized by critics as "leisurelands" where students concentrate too much on amusements and too little on learning. While university experience for Japanese students does not always result in acquiring testable academic knowledge as efficiently as in high school, the university does provide a setting for a…

Cordilia, Ann

473

Japanese Lesson Study: Teacher Professional Development through Communities of Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Japanese Lesson Study has come under increasing attention from educators in the West and throughout South-East Asia since it was revealed outside Japan through the release of the TIMSS Video Study. In this paper we argue that Japanese Lesson Study provides a model for large scale, sustainable professional development. In particular, we draw on our…

Doig, Brian; Groves, Susie

2011-01-01

474

Some Characteristics of Japanese-type Multinational Enterprises Today  

Microsoft Academic Search

3ackground In an earlier paper (1) it was argued that the main characteristics of the postwar overseas expansion of Japanese capital could be summarised in the following seven points : i) The overseas expansion of Japanese monopoly capital was developed in close contact with the world strategy and policies towards Asia of the United States . For the prewar period

Toshikazu Nakase

1981-01-01

475

Marine parasitology with special reference to Japanese fisheries and mariculture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marine parasites with special relation to Japanese fisheries and mariculture include various types of pathogens: those causing mortality, deformity, weight loss, etc.; those giving unesthetic appearances to the hosts; those which are zoonotic. Japanese mariculture typically utilizes net cage culture systems in coastal areas. Parasite invasion in such systems is more difficult to control practically than in freshwater facilities. The

K. Ogawa

1996-01-01

476

Implementing Japanese Lesson Study in a Higher Education Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to describe a reform model of instructional collaboration, Japanese lesson study, which has been shown in previous research to enhance reform-based teaching. Japanese lesson study is a method of professional development in which teachers collaborate with peers and other specialists to improve teaching and learning.…

Demir, Kadir; Czerniak, Charlene M.; Hart, Lynn C.

2013-01-01

477

Politeness, Paradigms of Family, and the Japanese ESL Speaker.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses differences between perception of politeness in Western and Japanese societies, concentrating on relations of social power and social distance as well as on conception of family. Concludes that many problems experienced by Japanese speakers of English as a Second Language in accomplishing linguistic politeness in English stem from nature…

Conlan, Christopher J.

1996-01-01

478

Multiplication and Antibody Formation of Japanese Encephalitis Virus in Snakes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There is a hypothesis that Japanese encephalitis virus overwinters in the hibernating animals in the regions like Korea of which winter is so cold. The author has recently reported that injection of Japanese encephalitis virus in cold-blooded animals, sna...

H. W. Lee

1969-01-01

479

Shareholder Value: The Case of Japanese Captive Insurers  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine how a Japanese firm can derive the most value from a captive insurance company. We use actual data on losses, captive operating costs, interest rates and foreign exchange rates to simulate cash flows from a hypothetical pure captive. We examine three domiciles popular with Japanese firms: Bermuda, Hawaii and Guernsey. We find a high likelihood that the captive

Yuji Maeda; Yoshihiko Suzawa; Nicos A. Scordis

2011-01-01

480

Interlanguage Pragmatic Features of Japanese and Korean Learners of English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the interlanguage pragmatic strategies used by Japanese and Korean learners of English. Data was collected from a project carried out jointly by Korean and Japanese university students. Observation, analysis, and discussion of student data suggest that interspeaker understanding and sensitivity to pragmatic variables of the target…

Park, Kyung-Ja; Nakano, Michiko

2001-01-01

481

Japanese High School Teachers' Views on Pupil Misbehaviour  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to explore Japanese high school teachers' views of pupil misbehaviour in order to contribute to the growing international literature on discipline in schools. A total of 141 Japanese high school teachers completed a questionnaire which explored their views regarding the factors accounting for pupil misbehaviour, the frequency of…

Kyriacou, Chris

2010-01-01

482

Contrastive Pragmatics of English and Japanese Offers and Requests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes a study by Fukushima (1990) of the English offers and responses of Japanese English as a foreign language (EFL) college students and reports on an experiment designed to address the perceived weaknesses of Fukushima's work. Fukushima's study found that many Japanese EFL learners could not use appropriate levels of politeness in…

Christianson, Kiel

483

Verb-raising and Numeral Classifiers in Japanese: Incompatible Bedfellows.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines verb raising in Japanese and looks at Koizumi's (2000) evidence for verb-raising based on data involving, among other things, numeral classifiers. Demonstrates that Koizumi's evidence based on numeral classifiers does not support his claim that verb-raising occurs in Japanese. (Author/VWL)

Fukushima, Kazuhiko

2003-01-01

484

Clarendon Alternative School Japanese Bilingual Bicultural Program: Curriculum Sampler.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sample lessons and instructional materials from a Japanese bilingual/bicultural elementary school program are presented. The lessons are designed to integrate Japanese language instruction with content instruction, using thematic units related to the core curriculum. The ten lessons are organized by target grade (K-5), and describe classroom…

San Francisco Unified School District, CA.

485

Mainland U.S. High School Japanese Language Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study surveyed 29 high schools concerning Japanese language instruction (JLI). A questionnaire focused on five aspects of JLI, including type of textbooks and supplementary teaching materials used; teaching approaches and goals and student achievement; class formation; and ideas for future JLI. Data from 17 high school Japanese language…

Toriyama, Kyoko

486

Integration of National Standards in a Japanese Language Classroom. Guidebook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this videotape and guidebook is to familiarize pre-service and in-service teachers of Japanese with the "five C" goals (communication, cultures, connections, comparisons, communities) of the Japanese National Standards and the concept of learning scenarios. The first half of the videotape explains the standards for each of the…

Hijirida, Kyoko; Ishida, Kazutoh; Yamamoto, Yuko

487

Validity of Auto- and Heterostereotypes among Japanese and American Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Validity of auto-stereotypes and heterostereotypes of Japanese and Americans is reflected in the rank-order correlations of "own" and "other" judgments for 110 Japanese and 169 U.S. undergraduate students and is found to be a function of the similarity of the 2 cultures when reacting to an episode. (SLD)

Iwao, Sumiko; Triandis, Harry C.

1993-01-01

488

Corporate Structure, Liquidity, and Investment: Evidence from Japanese Industrial Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents evidence suggesting that information and incentive problems in the capital market affect investment. The authors come to this conclusion by examining two sets of Japanese firms. The first set has close financial ties to large Japanese banks that serve as their primary source of external finance and are likely to be well informed about the firm. The

Takeo Hoshi; Anil Kashyap; David Scharfstein

1991-01-01

489

The Japanese and Descendants in Brazil. An Annotated Bibliography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The bibliography of the Japanese and their descendants in Brazil includes a considerable amount of material on the themes of emigration and immigration. At least three points of view are to be found in the literature on the Japanese in Brazil. The first i...

R. J. Smith J. B. Cornell H. Saito T. Maeyama

1967-01-01

490

Japanese physical education teachers’ beliefs about teaching students with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to describe Japanese physical education (PE) teachers’ beliefs about teaching students with disabilities in integrated classes. Participants were five Japanese PE teachers (one women and four men). The research was descriptive and qualitative, using an interviewing method. Data were gathered in interviews, analysed and presented as descriptive narratives and themes. Themes that emerged from

Takahiro Sato; Samuel R. Hodge; Nathan M. Murata; Julienne K. Maeda

2007-01-01

491

Facing Enrollment Crisis, Japanese Universities Fight to Attract Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Not long ago Japanese campuses were Spartan affairs with few frills American students take for granted. But times have changed. College enrollments are plummeting as Japan's supply of youngsters dries up and universities prepare for a profound shakeout that could see more than a quarter of all campuses closing in the next few years. Now, Japanese

McNeill, David

2008-01-01

492

Japanese Fathers of Preschoolers and Their Involvement in Child Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examine how relative resources, time availability, gender ideology, living arrangement, child-care demand, and job satisfaction are associated with the levels of younger Japanese fathers involvement in child care for preschoolers. A theoretical model that includes these factors is tested using 1994 data collected from Japanese fathers and…

Ishii-kuntz, Masako; Makino, Katsuko; Kato, Kuniko; Tsuchiya, Michiko

2004-01-01

493

Motivation and Values among Japanese and American Managers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared motivation and values in Japanese and American managers who completed the Rokeach Values Survey and an upward mobility questionnaire. Results showed the Japanese attached greater importance to socially beneficial values but also valued accomplishments, advancement, and money, in contrast to American emphasis on individuality and…

Howard, Ann; And Others

1983-01-01

494

The Japanese Tea Ceremony and stress management.  

PubMed

When people attend a Japanese Tea Ceremony, they often remark that it had a calming effect on them. The Tea Ceremony can be much more than that, however. Serious practitioners of tea develop a mind set and body control that enables them to transform tension-producing details of everyday life into moments of beauty, meaningfulness and tranquility. This effect comes from ritualizing ordinary chores and giving them an esthetic dimension and a noble motivation. Such discipline of mind and body also enables tea people to concentrate solely on the present moment, thereby shutting out worries about the past and anxieties about the future. PMID:8550688

Keenan, J

1996-01-01

495

Moyamoya in Hispanics: not Only in Japanese  

PubMed Central

Moyamoya disease was first described in 1957 as hypoplasia of the bilateral internal carotid arteries, the characteristic appearance of the associated network of abnormally dilated collateral vessels on angiography was later likened to something hazy, like a puff of cigarette smoke, which, in Japanese, is moyamoya. This paper describes two cases of moyamoya presentations, including moyamoya disease and moyamoya syndrome. Moyamoya may rarely occur in North American Hispanic patients. The presentation can vary significantly and ranges bwtween fulminant outcome and prolonged survival. Awareness about moyamoya and its different presentations may be beneficial for the patients and can improve the outcome.

Said, Sarmad; Cooper, Chad J.; Alkhateeb, Haider; Galvis, Juan M.; Hernandez, German T.; Salameh, Hasan J.

2014-01-01

496

Initial Japanese Experience with Intragastric Balloon Placement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  We introduced intragastric balloon placement in Japan and evaluated the initial data.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Between December 2004 and March 2008, intragastric balloons [BioEnterics® Intragastric Balloon (BIB®) system] were placed\\u000a in 21 Japanese patients with obesity [six women, 15 men; mean age 40?±?9 years; mean body mass index (BMI) 40?±?9 kg\\/m2]. The inclusion criteria were morbid obesity (BMI???35 kg\\/m2), the presence of obesity-related disorders, and failure

Masayuki Ohta; Seigo Kitano; Seiichiro Kai; Akio Shiromizu; Hidetoshi Eguchi; Yuichi Endo; Takayuki Masaki; Tetsuya Kakuma; Hironobu Yoshimatsu

2009-01-01

497

The contemporary JAEA Japanese voxel phantoms.  

PubMed

Average adult Japanese male (JM-103 phantom) and female (JF-103 phantom) voxel (volume pixel) phantoms were newly constructed by modifying the JM and JF phantoms previously developed at Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The JM-103 and JF-103 have average characteristics with respect to organ masses and body sizes. Their tissue segmentations were based on International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) Publication 103. The anatomical and dosimetric characteristics of JM-103 and JF-103 were compared with those of ICRP adult reference male (AM phantom) and female (AF phantoms) phantoms. This study discusses their anatomical and dosimetric characteristics, and applications to the dose assessment of the atomic bomb survivors. PMID:22003186

Sato, Kaoru; Takahashi, Fumiaki

2012-03-01

498

[Development of new Japanese encephalitis vaccine].  

PubMed

We have developed the new inactivated Japanese encephalitis vaccine derived from virus-infected Vero cells cultured on microcarriers. The safety and effectiveness of this new vaccine were compared with those of current mouse-brain-derived vaccine that have some intrinsic demerits such as possible contamination of adventitious agents. The results of pre-clinical and clinical trials suggested that the safety and effectiveness of new vaccine are approximate equivalent to those of currently conventional vaccine in humans and animals, and that the availability of Vero cell-derived vaccine is anticipated. PMID:16363685

Ishikawa, Toyokazu

2005-12-01

499

Water resources in the Japanese Islands  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to its limited land area and limited range of natural resources (particularly fuel), Japan has developed a highly efficient economy in terms of resource utilization. This also applies to water resources. For sustainable use of water resources in the Japanese Islands, integrated and unified analyses of the data of groundwater by the nation and local governments have been needed. Land area of the Japanese Islands is 377,000 square kilometers, which is equivalent to the area of the state of Montana, but extends for 3,600 kilometers along the margin of the Eurasian continent. Mountainous areas separated by isolated, narrow plains make up 80 % of the land area. Due to the topography of Japan, rivers are generally short with steep grades, the longest being only 367 kilometers in length. Average annual precipitation is 1,600 millimeters but is highly seasonal. The annual water demand was approximately 87 billion cubic meters during the past 25 years, which represents 21 % of the total usable water. The water demand for agriculture makes up 66 % of the total water demand, and 96 % of the water for agricultural uses is used for the irrigation of rice paddies. Municipal and industrial uses make up 15.4 and 18.9 % of the demand, respectively (as of 2000). Nearly 80 % of the water used by industry in recycled. Approximately 87 % of the water demand is supplied from surface water with the rest from ground water. Because of its mountainous topography, the extent of individual aquifers is far smaller than in United States. Groundwater basins in the Japanese Islands are classified into the following six types: plain type (thick Quaternary strata); basin type (int