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1

An Optimization and Assessment on DG adoption in JapanesePrototype Buildings  

SciTech Connect

This research investigates a method of choosing economicallyoptimal DER, expanding on prior studies at the Berkeley Lab using the DERdesign optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources CustomerAdoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds the optimal combination ofinstalled equipment from available DER technologies, given prevailingutility tariffs, site electrical and thermal loads, and a menu ofavailable equipment. It provides a global optimization, albeit idealized,that shows how the site energy load scan be served at minimum cost byselection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, andcooling. Five prototype Japanese commercial buildings are examined andDER-CAM applied to select thee conomically optimal DER system for each.The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sportsfacility. Based on the optimization results, energy and emissionreductions are evaluated. Furthermore, a Japan-U.S. comparison study ofpolicy, technology, and utility tariffs relevant to DER installation ispresented. Significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbon emissions,and energy costs were seen in the DER-CAM results. Savings were mostnoticeable in the sports facility, followed by the hospital, hotel, andoffice building.

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida,Masaru

2005-11-30

2

The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (Japanese translation)  

SciTech Connect

The August 2003 blackout of the northeastern U.S. and CANADA caused great economic losses and inconvenience to New York City and other affected areas. The blackout was a warning to the rest of the world that the ability of conventional power systems to meet growing electricity demand is questionable. Failure of large power systems can lead to serious emergencies. Introduction of on-site generation, renewable energy such as solar and wind power and the effective utilization of exhaust heat is needed, to meet the growing energy demands of the residential and commercial sectors. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems. This work demonstrates a method for choosing and designing economically optimal DER systems. An additional purpose of this research is to establish a database of energy tariffs, DER technology cost and performance characteristics, and building energy consumption for Japan. This research builds on prior DER studies at the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and with their associates in the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) and operation, including the development of the microgrid concept, and the DER selection optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM is a tool designed to find the optimal combination of installed equipment and an idealized operating schedule to minimize a site's energy bills, given performance and cost data on available DER technologies, utility tariffs, and site electrical and thermal loads over a test period, usually an historic year. Since hourly electric and thermal energy data are rarely available, they are typically developed by building simulation for each of six end use loads used to model the building: electric-only loads, space heating, space cooling, refrigeration, water heating, and natural-gas-only loads. DER-CAM provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the necessary useful energy loads can be provided for at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, cooling, and efficiency improvements. This study examines five prototype commercial buildings and uses DER-CAM to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Each building type was considered for both 5,000 and 10,000 square meter floor sizes. The energy consumption of these building types is based on building energy simulation and published literature. Based on the optimization results, energy conservation and the emissions reduction were also evaluated. Furthermore, a comparison study between Japan and the U.S. has been conducted covering the policy, technology and the utility tariffs effects on DER systems installations.

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

2004-10-15

3

The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (English Version)  

SciTech Connect

The August 2003 blackout of the northeastern U.S. and CANADA caused great economic losses and inconvenience to New York City and other affected areas. The blackout was a warning to the rest of the world that the ability of conventional power systems to meet growing electricity demand is questionable. Failure of large power systems can lead to serious emergencies. Introduction of on-site generation, renewable energy such as solar and wind power and the effective utilization of exhaust heat is needed, to meet the growing energy demands of the residential and commercial sectors. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems. This work demonstrates a method for choosing and designing economically optimal DER systems. An additional purpose of this research is to establish a database of energy tariffs, DER technology cost and performance characteristics, and building energy consumption for Japan. This research builds on prior DER studies at the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and with their associates in the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) and operation, including the development of the microgrid concept, and the DER selection optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM is a tool designed to find the optimal combination of installed equipment and an idealized operating schedule to minimize a site's energy bills, given performance and cost data on available DER technologies, utility tariffs, and site electrical and thermal loads over a test period, usually an historic year. Since hourly electric and thermal energy data are rarely available, they are typically developed by building simulation for each of six end use loads used to model the building: electric-only loads, space heating, space cooling, refrigeration, water heating, and natural-gas-only loads. DER-CAM provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the necessary useful energy loads can be provided for at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, cooling, and efficiency improvements. This study examines five prototype commercial buildings and uses DER-CAM to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Each building type was considered for both 5,000 and 10,000 square meter floor sizes. The energy consumption of these building types is based on building energy simulation and published literature. Based on the optimization results, energy conservation and the emissions reduction were also evaluated. Furthermore, a comparison study between Japan and the U.S. has been conducted covering the policy, technology and the utility tariffs effects on DER systems installations. This study begins with an examination of existing DER research. Building energy loads were then generated through simulation (DOE-2) and scaled to match available load data in the literature. Energy tariffs in Japan and the U.S. were then compared: electricity prices did not differ significantly, while commercial gas prices in Japan are much higher than in the U.S. For smaller DER systems, the installation costs in Japan are more than twice those in the U.S., but this difference becomes smaller with larger systems. In Japan, DER systems are eligible for a 1/3 rebate of installation costs, while subsidies in the U.S. vary significantly by region and application. For 10,000 m{sup 2} buildings, significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbon emissions, and energy costs were seen in the economically optimal results. This was most noticeable in the sports facility, followed the hospital and hotel. This research demonstrates that office buildings can benefit from CHP, in contrast to popular opinion. For hospitals and sports facilities, the use of waste heat is particularly effective for water and space heating. For the other building types, waste heat is most effectively use

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

2004-10-15

4

10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the prototype building. For buildings not listed below, the Reference Building procedure of § 434.505 shall be used. Prototype buildings include: (a) Assembly...Storage); (e) School (Educational); (f)...

2013-01-01

5

10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the prototype building. For buildings not listed below, the Reference Building procedure of § 434.505 shall be used. Prototype buildings include: (a) Assembly...Storage); (e) School (Educational); (f)...

2010-01-01

6

10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the prototype building. For buildings not listed below, the Reference Building procedure of § 434.505 shall be used. Prototype buildings include: (a) Assembly...Storage); (e) School (Educational); (f)...

2009-01-01

7

Building prototypes of damaged systems from analysis simulations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our rapid prototype of damaged systems project seeks to provide a technology for allowing engineers to build demonstration prototypes of damaged products from analysis post-processing data. Most commercial finite element programs do not have a capability to construct deformed geometry at conclusion of an analysis simulation. It is therefore not presently possible to build prototypes of predicted states of a

Cynthia S. Tsai; Ronald M. Dolin; Jill Hefele

1997-01-01

8

Prototype learning for structured pattern representation applied to on-line recognition of handwritten Japanese characters  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes prototype learning for structured pattern representation with common sub- patterns shared among multiple character prototypes for on-line recognition of handwritten Japanese charac- ters. Prototype learning algorithms have not yet been shown to be useful for structured or hierarchical pattern representation. In this paper, we incorporate cost-free parallel translation to negate the location distributions of subpatterns when they

Akihito Kitadai; Masaki Nakagawa

2007-01-01

9

Assessment of Distributed Generation Potential in JapaneseBuildings  

SciTech Connect

To meet growing energy demands, energy efficiency, renewable energy, and on-site generation coupled with effective utilization of exhaust heat will all be required. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems (or microgrids). This research investigates a method of choosing economically optimal DER, expanding on prior studies at the Berkeley Lab using the DER design optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds the optimal combination of installed equipment from available DER technologies, given prevailing utility tariffs, site electrical and thermal loads, and a menu of available equipment. It provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the site energy loads can be served at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, and cooling. Five prototype Japanese commercial buildings are examined and DER-CAM applied to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Based on the optimization results, energy and emission reductions are evaluated. Furthermore, a Japan-U.S. comparison study of policy, technology, and utility tariffs relevant to DER installation is presented. Significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbon emissions, and energy costs were seen in the DER-CAM results. Savings were most noticeable in the sports facility (a very favourable CHP site), followed by the hospital, hotel, and office building.

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida,Masaru

2005-05-25

10

481 Prototypical commercial buildings for 20 urban market areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report documents the methodology used to determine the load patterns and estimate the building populations for various commercial and multi-family buildings in 20 representative markets of the US. The task involved describing nearly 500 prototypical buildings by building type, vintage, and city, defining their internal conditions and operating schedules, and then simulating their hourly energy profiles using the DOE-2.1D

J. Huang; H. Akbari; L. Rainer; R. Ritschard

1991-01-01

11

Evolving 3D Buildings for the Prototype Video Game Subversion  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate user-guided evolution for the development of virtual 3D building structures for the prototype (commercial) game Sub- version, which is being developed by Introversion Software Ltd. Build- ings are described in a custom plain-text markup language that can be parsed by Subversion's procedural generation engine, which renders the 3D models on-screen. The building descriptions are amenable to ran- dom

Andrew Martin; Andrew Lim; Simon Colton; Cameron Browne

2010-01-01

12

Characterizing Indoor Airflow and Pollutant Transport using Simulation Modeling for Prototypical Buildings. I. Office Buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the first efforts at developing a set of prototypical buildings defined to capture the key features affecting airflow and pollutant transport in buildings. These buildings will be used to model airflow and pollutant transport for emergency response scenarios when limited site-specific information is available and immediate decisions must be made, and to better understand key features of

M. D. Sohn; J. M. Daisey; H. E. Feustel

1999-01-01

13

Knowledge-Building Activity Structures in Japanese Elementary Science Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study is to refine Japanese elementary science activity structures by using a CSCL approach to transform the classroom into a knowledge-building community. We report design studies on two science lessons in two consecutive years and describe the progressive refinement of the activity structures. Through comparisons of student

Oshima, Jun; Oshima, Ritsuko; Murayama, Isao; Inagaki, Shigenori; Takenaka, Makiko; Yamamoto, Tomokazu; Yamaguchi, Etsuji; Nakayama, Hayashi

2006-01-01

14

Characterizing Indoor Airflow and Pollutant Transport using Simulation Modeling for Prototypical Buildings. I. Office Buildings  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the first efforts at developing a set of prototypical buildings defined to capture the key features affecting airflow and pollutant transport in buildings. These buildings will be used to model airflow and pollutant transport for emergency response scenarios when limited site-specific information is available and immediate decisions must be made, and to better understand key features of buildings controlling occupant exposures to indoor pollutant sources. This paper presents an example of this approach for a prototypical intermediate-sized, open style, commercial building. Interzonal transport due to a short-term source release, e.g., accidental chemical spill, in the bottom and the upper floors is predicted and corresponding HVAC system operation effects and potential responses are considered. Three-hour average exposure estimates are used to compare effects of source location and HVAC operation.

Sohn, M.D.; Daisey, J.M.; Feustel, H.E.

1999-06-01

15

Western and Japanese Discourse Style in a Consensus-Building Task Discussion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current study analyzes discourse style differences between western and Japanese interlocutors in a group consensus-building task discussion. Four discussants (American male, Japanese male, German female and Japanese female) first created a ranking of 5 life values and then participated in a group discussion to arrive at a common group

Hirabayashi, Haruma; Long, Christopher

2011-01-01

16

A prototype data archive for the PIER 'thermal distribution systems in commercial buildings' project  

SciTech Connect

A prototype archive for a selection of building energy data on thermal distribution systems in commercial buildings was developed and pilot tested. While the pilot demonstrated the successful development of the data archive prototype, several questions remain about the usefulness of such an archive. Specifically, questions on the audience, frequency of use, maintenance, and updating of the archive would need to be addressed before this prototype is taken to the next level.

Diamond, Rick C.; Wray, Craig P.; Smith, Brian V.; Dickerhoff, Darryl J.; Matson, Nance E.; Cox, Skylar A.

2004-01-01

17

Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report, Reference Volume 1: Building prototype analysis  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a detailed description of, and the baseline assumptions and simulation results for, the building prototype simulations conducted for the building types designated in the Work Plan for Demand-side Management Assessment of Hawaii`s Demand-Side Resources (HES-4, Phase 2). This report represents the second revision to the initial building prototype description report provided to DBEDT early in the project. Modifications and revisions to the prototypes, based on further calibration efforts and on comments received from DBEDT Staff have been incorporated into this final version. These baseline prototypes form the basis upon which the DSM measure impact estimates and the DSM measure data base were developed for this project. This report presents detailed information for each of the 17 different building prototypes developed for use with the DOE-21E program (23 buildings in total, including resorts and hotels defined separately for each island) to estimate the impact of the building technologies and measures included in this project. The remainder of this section presents some nomenclature and terminology utilized in the reports, tables, and data bases developed from this project to denote building type and vintage. Section 2 contains a more detailed discussion of the data sources, the definition of the residential sector building prototypes, and results of the DOE-2 analysis. Section 3 provides a similar discussion for the commercial sector. The prototype and baseline simulation results are presented in a separate section for each building type. Where possible, comparison of the baseline simulation results with benchmark data from the ENERGY 2020 model or other demand forecasting models specific to Hawaii is included for each building. Appendix A contains a detailed listing of the commercial sector baseline indoor lighting technologies included in the existing and new prototypes by building type.

NONE

1995-04-01

18

Design for Self Assembly of Building Components using Rapid Prototyping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design of assemblies will become an area of study when using rapid prototyping devices in the architectural design process becomes standard practice. This paper is a presentation of a design process study focused on understanding a method of working with rapid prototyping devices in a creative design process. This paper has an emphasis is on the creation of physically large

Larry Sass

19

Four near Zero Energy Habitat House Prototypes meet Building America 30% Mixed Humid Climate Joule Savings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report assists DOE's Residential Integration Program meet its 30% mixed humid climate Joule savings target by documenting all four near zero energy Habitat for Humanity prototype houses in the form of a Building America Benchmark house comparison. These houses are featured in Building America FY07Best Practices manual. The construction methods, building envelope technologies, appliances and equipment of four single-family

Jeff Christian

20

Alice: a rapid prototyping system for building virtual environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alice is a rapid prototyping system used to create three dimensional graphics simulations like those seen in virtual reality applications. Alice uses an interpreted language called Python to implement the semantics of user actions. This interactive development environment allows users to explore many more design options than is possible in a compiled language environment. The current state of 3D user

Matthew Conway; Randy Pausch; Rich Gossweiler; Tommy Burnette

1994-01-01

21

Whole-building energy targets ``A`` prototype, initial version  

SciTech Connect

The Whole-Building Energy Targets project, sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE), is developing a methodology for generating energy performance targets for commercial buildings. The methodology and implementing software have potential applications to energy standards and guidelines, advanced building design tools, energy retrofit analysis, demand-side management programs, and the planning and assessment of building energy research. Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) is conducting the Targets project with assistance from three leading building-industry associations -- the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc. (ASHRAE); the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IES); and the American Institute of Architects/Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture (AIA/ACSA) Council on Architectural Research. The project`s objective is to develop a methodology to generate energy performance targets for design, check the compliance of commercial-building designs with those targets, and evaluate design alternatives. Two previous phases of the project have been completed -- Phase 1 Planning and Phase 2 Concept Development. The current phase is called Phase 3 System Development. Key elements of the technical approach are that targets will be based on space functions (i.e., the collection of activities and corresponding areas within a building) rather than building types, generated using economic optimization methods, and custom-generated for specific building projects. Pacific Northwest Laboratory is developing computer software, referred to as the ``Targets software,`` that implements this methodology. The Targets software will enable the methodology to be demonstrated and tested and is intended to provide the basis for final computer applications incorporating the methodology.

Briggs, R.S.

1994-09-01

22

Optoelectronics-related competence building in Japanese and Western firms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, an analysis is made of how different firms in Japan and the West have developed competence related to optoelectronics on the basis of their previous experience and corporate strategies. The sample consists of a set of seven Japanese and four Western firms in the industrial, consumer electronics and materials sectors. Optoelectronics is divided into subfields including optical communications systems, optical fibers, optoelectronic key components, liquid crystal displays, optical disks, and others. The relative strengths and weaknesses of companies in the various subfields are determined using the INSPEC database, from 1976 to 1989. Parallel data are analyzed using OTAF U.S. patent statistics and the two sets of data are compared. The statistical analysis from the database is summarized for firms in each subfield in the form of an intra-firm technology index (IFTI), a new technique introduced to assess the revealed technology advantage of firms. The quantitative evaluation is complemented by results from intensive interviews with the management and scientists of the firms involved. The findings show that there is a marked variation in the way firms' technological trajectories have evolved giving rise to strength in some and weakness in other subfields for the different companies, which are related to their accumulated core competencies, previous core business activities, organizational, marketing, and competitive factors.

Miyazaki, Kumiko

1992-05-01

23

An Analysis of the DER Adoption Climate in Japan UsingOptimization Results for Prototype Buildings with U.S. Comparisons  

SciTech Connect

This research demonstrates economically optimal distributedenergy resource (DER) system choice using the DER choice and operationsoptimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer AdoptionModel (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds the optimal combination of installedequipment given prevailing utility tariffs and fuel prices, siteelectrical and thermal loads (including absorption cooling), and a menuof available equipment. It provides a global optimization, albeitidealized, that shows how site useful energy loads can be served atminimum cost. Five prototype Japanese commercial buildings are examinedand DER-CAM is applied to select the economically optimal DER system foreach. Based on the optimization results, energy and emission reductionsare evaluated. Significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbonemissions, and energy costs were seen in the DER-CAM results. Savingswere most noticeable in the prototype sports facility, followed by thehospital, hotel, and office building. Results show that DER with combinedheat and power equipment is a promising efficiency and carbon mitigationstrategy, but that precise system design is necessary. Furthermore, aJapan-U.S. comparison study of policy, technology, and utility tariffsrelevant to DER installation is presented.

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida,Masaru

2006-06-16

24

Role of pore size distribution in salt uptake, damage, and predicting salt susceptibility of eight types of Japanese building stones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eight widely used Japanese building stones were subjected to crystallization attacks by three types of destructive salts to investigate whether it is possible to estimate durability of the stones solely from their pore characteristics. The influence of pore size and their distribution on salt uptake and salt crystallization damage was also evaluated. Total porosity was found to have a significant

Swe Yu; Chiaki T. Oguchi

2010-01-01

25

The mesoscale convection life cycle: Building block or prototype for large-scale tropical waves?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A cumulonimbus cloud may ascend and spawn its anvil cloud, precipitation, and downdrafts within an hour or so. This paper inquires why a similar progression of events (life cycle) is observed for tropical weather fluctuations with time scales of hours, days, and even weeks. Regressions using point data illustrate the characteristic unit of rain production: the mesoscale convective system (MCS), covering tens of kilometers and lasting several hours, with embedded convective rain cells. Meanwhile, averages over larger spatial areas indicate a self-similar progression from shallow to deep convection to stratiform anvils on many time scales. Synthetic data exercises indicate that simple superpositions of fixed-structure MCS life cycles (the Building Block hypothesis) cannot explain why longer period life cycles are similar. Rather, it appears that an MCS may be a small analogue or prototype of larger scale waves. Multiscale structure is hypothesized to occur via a Stretched Building Block conceptual model, in which the widths (durations) of zones of shallow, deep, and stratiform anvil clouds in MCSs are modulated by larger scale waves. Temperature ( T) and humidity ( q) data are examined and fed into an entraining plume model, in an attempt to elucidate their relative roles in these large-scale convection zone variations. T profile variations, with wavelengths shorter than troposphere depth, appear important for high-frequency ( 2-5-day period) convectively coupled waves, as density directly links convection (via buoyancy) and large-scale wave dynamics (via restoring force). Still, the associated q anomalies are several times greater than adiabatic, suggesting a strong amplification by shallow convective feedbacks. For lower frequency (intraseasonal) variability, q anomalies are considerably larger compared to T, and may be dominant.

Mapes, Brian; Tulich, Stefan; Lin, Jialin; Zuidema, Paquita

2006-12-01

26

Investigation of the effect of various build methods on the performance of rapid prototyping (stereolithography)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stereolithography, which was the first commercially available Rapid Prototyping (RP) technique, currently represents a major portion of the worldwide RP market share. Parts manufactured with the stereolithography apparatus (SLA) are presently used for design verification, medical modeling and rapid tooling applications. Dimensional accuracy of the prototype is very important for design and form\\/fit applications. Tooling applications, such as patterns for

R. E. Williams; S. N. Komaragiri; V. L. Melton; R. R. Bishu

1996-01-01

27

10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...building to determine the energy cost budget. 434.504 Section 434.504 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy...

2013-01-01

28

The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (Japanese translation)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The August 2003 blackout of the northeastern U.S. and CANADA caused great economic losses and inconvenience to New York City and other affected areas. The blackout was a warning to the rest of the world that the ability of conventional power systems to meet growing electricity demand is questionable. Failure of large power systems can lead to serious emergencies. Introduction

Nan Zhou; Chris Marnay; Ryan Firestone; Weijun Gao; Masaru Nishida

2004-01-01

29

A three-story prototype commercial building model for energy standard development and assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Annual hourly simulation programs are generally used in the development and assessment of the impacts of building energy standards. These simulation programs require the specification of a building model as input to the simulation. Results of the simulations are sensitive to the building model, so care must be taken in the choice of the model to ensure representative results. A

Jarnagin

1994-01-01

30

A Comprehensive Framework for Building Multilingual Domain Ontologies: Creating a Prototype Biosecurity Ontology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents our ongoing work in establishing a multilingual domain ontology for the biosecurity portal. As a prototypical approach, this project is embedded into the bigger context of the Agricultural Ontology Service (AOS) project of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the UN. The AOS will act as a reference tool for ontology creation assistance and herewith enable

Boris Lauser; Tanja Wildemann; Allison Poulos; Frehiwot Fisseha; Johannes Keizer; Stephen Katz

31

Developing Digital Library Visual Services for Building a Lesson-Design Environment Prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe the development of a prototype for: (a) a digital library visual query and discovery results presentation services and (b) teacher-centered Web-enabled lesson-design environment - Visual Knowledge Inquirer (VKI) - that integrates these services with cognitive and semantic outcomes within the educational practice. Acknowledgments. We wish to acknowledge Les Bro- kaw, Douglas Horn, Ronald Jensen, MaryAnn

O. Agapova; R. Mayer; T. Smith; A. S. Ushakov; A. A. Ushakov; Stefan Decker

2003-01-01

32

A processing method of class-2 unknown Japanese compound words of two components with use of in-word grammar and its prototype system implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Techniques of natural language processing are applied to many kinds of systems. But no systems have the ability to process unknown words. Especially in Japanese, it is essential for systems to have such abilities. A method using in-word context is proposed to process class-2 unknown Japanese compound words of two components. First, unknown Japanese words are classified into three classes.

Hiroyuki KAMEDA

1992-01-01

33

SERVICE LEARNING: A Comparative Study on the Compression Strength Properties of 3D-Printed Rapid Prototyped Components Utilizing Various Manufacturing Build Parameters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industry relies upon rapidly produced structurally sound prototype components. 3D-printed rapid-prototyped components are easy to construct but are not widely accepted in industry as structurally sound viable alternatives to subtractive material machining methods. Through the statistical study of 3D-printed test cylinder specimens, greater understanding on the compressive strength properties of the technology was obtained by the effect of build orientation,

Donald W. Harby; Grant R. Townsend; Troy E. Ollison; Jeffrey M. Ulmer

34

Japanese women in grassroots politics: building a gender-equal society from the bottom up  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1979 UN Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women highlights the importance of equal participation of women in public life. Since the early 1960s, women in Japan have voted in elections at significantly higher rates than men. However, Japanese women's equal participation in policy formulation and decision making lags far behind major democracies. Gender equality

Yasuo Takao

2007-01-01

35

Analysis of Sodium Fire in the Containment Building of Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor Under the Scenario of Core Disruptive Accident  

SciTech Connect

The potential for sodium release to reactor containment building from reactor assembly during Core Disruptive Accident (CDA) in Fast Breeder Reactors (FBR) is an important safety issue with reference to the structural integrity of Reactor Containment Building (RCB). For Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR), the estimated sodium release under a CDA of 100 MJ energy release is 350 kg. The ejected sodium reacts easily with air in RCB and causes temperature and pressure rise in the RCB. For estimating the severe thermal consequences in RCB, different modes of sodium fires like pool and spray fires were analyzed by using SOFIRE -- II and NACOM sodium fire computer codes. Effects of important parameters like amount of sodium, area of pool, containment air volume and oxygen concentration have been investigated. A peak pressure rise of 7.32 kPa is predicted by SOFIRE II code for 350 kg sodium pool fire in 86,000 m{sup 3} RCB volume. Under sodium release as spray followed by unburnt sodium as pool fire mode analysis, the estimated pressure rise is 5.85 kPa in the RCB. In the mode of instantaneous combustion of sodium, the estimated peak pressure rise is 13 kPa. (authors)

Rao, P.M.; Kasinathan, N. [Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603 102 (India); Kannan, S.E. [Atomic Energy Regulatory Board, Niyamak Bhavan, Anushaktinagar, Mumbai 400 094 (India)

2006-07-01

36

Prototype experimental plant for the interseasonal storage of solar energy for the winter heating of buildings: Description of plant and its functions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The definitive version of an experimental heating plant for buildings which uses thermal energy extracted from an underground water tank heated solely by the sun with interseasonal storage is presented. The entire plant was planned and its functions simulated using calculus codes established at the University of Calabria. The prototype, now in use, consists of a solar radiation collecting field

G. Oliveti; N. Arcuri

1995-01-01

37

Building foundations for molecular electronics: Growth of organic molecules on alkali halides as prototypical insulating substrates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The epitaxy and growth of a series of organic molecules deposited on insulating surfaces were investigated by noncontact atomic force microscopy (nc-AFM). The molecules studied, C60, 3,4,9,10-perylene tetracarboxylic dianhydride (PTCDA), 3,4,9,10-perylene tetracarboxlylic diimide (PTCDI), and copper (II) phthalocyanine (CuPc), were selected to investigate the effect of different molecular geometries, charge distributions and intermolecular interactions and as interesting candidates in molecular electronic applications. As it is known that the properties of molecules are influenced by their structural arrangements, an understanding of the interactions of molecules with substrates of interest as well as the dominant processes involved in growth are of great interest. Model insulating substrates KBr and NaCl were used for growth studies, due to the necessity of insulators in electrically isolating device regions. Dewetting processes were observed in several of these systems: C 60 on KBr and NaCl, PTCDA on NaCl and PTCDI on NaCl. The specific influences of de- wetting are discussed for each system, in particular the morphological impact of dewetting and the driving of dewetting by strained metastable monolayers. For C60 deposits, interesting branched structures are formed in the process of dewetting which are remarkably stable once formed, yet do not represent the equilibrium growth morphology. A determination of the large cell coincident epitaxy reveals a small, yet significant discrepancy between the observed overlayer and calculated stable adsorption sites indicating a dominance of the intermolecular interaction over the molecule---substrate interaction. For both PTCDA and PTCDI on NaCl, strained metastable monolayer epitaxies were observed giving rise to a transition in both interface structure and morphology: a dewetting transition. A comparison of the observed molecular scale structures and growth modalities is made in order to build a framework for understanding the prevalence of dewetting for molecules on ionic surfaces. Finally, in order to better understand the connection between molecular scale structures and interesting opto-electronic properties, the application of a hybrid-electrostatic characterization technique by nc-AFM is discussed. Using this technique, the opto-electrostatic response of three different PTCDA arrangements on a nanotemplated NaCl surface are shown to differ according to the degree of intermolecular interaction permitted by the structure.

Burke, Sarah A.

38

Estimates of embodied global energy and air-emission intensities of Japanese products for building a Japanese input-output life cycle assessment database with a global system boundary.  

PubMed

To build a life cycle assessment (LCA) database of Japanese products embracing their global supply chains in a manner requiring lower time and labor burdens, this study estimates the intensity of embodied global environmental burden for commodities produced in Japan. The intensity of embodied global environmental burden is a measure of the environmental burden generated globally by unit production of the commodity and can be used as life cycle inventory data in LCA. The calculation employs an input-output LCA method with a global link input-output model that defines a global system boundary grounded in a simplified multiregional input-output framework. As results, the intensities of embodied global environmental burden for 406 Japanese commodities are determined in terms of energy consumption, greenhouse-gas emissions (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, perfluorocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons, sulfur hexafluoride, and their summation), and air-pollutant emissions (nitrogen oxide and sulfur oxide). The uncertainties in the intensities of embodied global environmental burden attributable to the simplified structure of the global link input-output model are quantified using Monte Carlo simulation. In addition, by analyzing the structure of the embodied global greenhouse-gas intensities we characterize Japanese commodities in the context of LCA embracing global supply chains. PMID:22881452

Nansai, Keisuke; Kondo, Yasushi; Kagawa, Shigemi; Suh, Sangwon; Nakajima, Kenichi; Inaba, Rokuta; Tohno, Susumu

2012-08-10

39

Estimates of Embodied Global Energy and Air-Emission Intensities of Japanese Products for Building a Japanese Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment Database with a Global System Boundary  

PubMed Central

To build a life cycle assessment (LCA) database of Japanese products embracing their global supply chains in a manner requiring lower time and labor burdens, this study estimates the intensity of embodied global environmental burden for commodities produced in Japan. The intensity of embodied global environmental burden is a measure of the environmental burden generated globally by unit production of the commodity and can be used as life cycle inventory data in LCA. The calculation employs an inputoutput LCA method with a global link inputoutput model that defines a global system boundary grounded in a simplified multiregional inputoutput framework. As results, the intensities of embodied global environmental burden for 406 Japanese commodities are determined in terms of energy consumption, greenhouse-gas emissions (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, perfluorocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons, sulfur hexafluoride, and their summation), and air-pollutant emissions (nitrogen oxide and sulfur oxide). The uncertainties in the intensities of embodied global environmental burden attributable to the simplified structure of the global link inputoutput model are quantified using Monte Carlo simulation. In addition, by analyzing the structure of the embodied global greenhouse-gas intensities we characterize Japanese commodities in the context of LCA embracing global supply chains.

2012-01-01

40

Bridging Scales: Developing a Framework to Build a City-Scale Environmental Scenario for Japanese Municipalities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is an ongoing project on establishing environmental scenarios in Japan to evaluate middle to long-term environmental policy and technology options toward low carbon society. In this project, the time horizon of the scenarios is set for 2050 on the ground that a large part of social infrastructure in Japan is likely to be renovated by that time, and cities are supposed to play important roles in building low carbon society in Japan. This belief is held because cities or local governments could implement various policies and programs, such as land use planning and promotion of new technologies with low GHG emissions, which produce an effect in an ununiform manner, taking local socio-economic conditions into account, while higher governments, either national or prefectural, could impose environmental tax on electricity and gas to alleviate ongoing GHG emissions, which uniformly covers their jurisdictions. In order for local governments to devise and implement concrete administrative actions equipped with rational policies and technologies, referring the environmental scenarios developed for the entire nation, we need to localize the national scenarios, both in terms of spatial and temporal extent, so that they could better reflect local socio-economic and institutional conditions. In localizing the national scenarios, the participation of stakeholders is significant because they play major roles in shaping future society. Stakeholder participation in the localization process would bring both creative and realistic inputs on how future unfolds on a city scale. In this research, 1) we reviewed recent efforts on international and domestic scenario development to set a practical time horizon for a city-scale environmental scenario, which would lead to concrete environmental policies and programs, 2) designed a participatory scenario development/localization process, drawing on the framework of the 'Story-and-Simulation' or SAS approach, which Alcamo(2001) proposed, and 3) started implementing it to the city of Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Japan, in cooperation with municipal officials and stakeholders. The participatory process is to develop city-scale environmental scenarios toward low carbon society, referring international and domestic environmental scenarios. Though the scenario development is still in process, it has already brought practical knowledge about and experience on how to bridge scenarios developed for different temporal and spatial scales.

Hashimoto, S.; Fujita, T.; Nakayama, T.; Xu, K.

2007-12-01

41

The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (English Version)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The August 2003 blackout of the northeastern U.S. and CANADA caused great economic losses and inconvenience to New York City and other affected areas. The blackout was a warning to the rest of the world that the ability of conventional power systems to meet growing electricity demand is questionable. Failure of large power systems can lead to serious emergencies. Introduction

Nan Zhou; Chris Marnay; Ryan Firestone; Weijun Gao; Masaru Nishida

2004-01-01

42

Prostitutes and Picture Brides: Chinese and Japanese Immigration, Settlement, and American Nation-Building, 1870-1920  

Microsoft Academic Search

By examining the historical period from 1870-1920, this presentation will explore why most Chinese women were excluded from immigrating to the United States because they were assumed to be prostitutes while many Japanese women were allowed to immigrate as picture brides. Lee argues that the U.S. did not pass the Page Law of 1875 and the Chinese Exclusion Act of

Catherine Lee

43

Short-term and long-term impact of invitation program for Japanese teachers to Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the Japanese government colonized Korea 100 years ago, the relationship between Japan and Korea has always been bad. To build a better relationship, the Japanese government started to invite Korean teachers to learn about Japanese culture and education in 2000. The Japanese government also started to send Japanese teachers to Korea from 2003. This program which sends Japanese teachers

Anna Hagiwara

2010-01-01

44

Susceptibility and intra-species transmission of the H9N2 G1 prototype lineage virus in Japanese quail and turkeys.  

PubMed

Avian influenza viruses of the H9N2 subtype have circulated in the poultry population in Asia, Far and Middle East since the mid-1990 s. One of the most widespread lineages established in poultry is the G1 lineage. This lineage has undergone further evolution and reassortment since its first detection in 1997 and G1-like H9N2 viruses still circulate. In this study we have investigated the susceptibility of quail and turkeys to the H9N2 G1-lineage prototype strain (A/quail/Hong Kong/G1/97). Contact transmission experiments were carried out in both avian species. Animals were infected oro-nasally with increasing doses of the virus (10(3)-10(6) EID 50/0.1 ml) and sentinel birds were introduced 4 days post infection (pi) in each experimental group. Quail were more susceptible than turkeys, as they were readily infected with lower challenge doses. Interestingly, infection of turkeys was associated with worse clinical condition. Transmission was detected in both species. Quail infected with a dose less than or equal to 10(4) EID50 transmitted the virus to the sentinels without showing any signs of disease. These findings reinforce the hypothesis that quail may ensure the perpetuation of H9N2 viruses in poultry, acting as a silent reservoir. PMID:23597652

Bonfante, Francesco; Patrono, Livia Victoria; Aiello, Roberta; Beato, Maria Serena; Terregino, Calogero; Capua, Ilaria

2013-03-25

45

The Japanese Civilian Nuclear Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A description of Japan's rapidly expanding civilian nuclear program. Despite a late start, the Japanese appear determined to build a substantial and, insofar as possible, a self-sufficient nuclear economy. The 1967 Long Range Program submitted to the Gove...

V. Gilinsky P. Langer

1967-01-01

46

Prototype Facility Educational Specifications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents prototypical educational specifications to guide the building and renovation of Idaho vocational schools so they can help communities meet the advanced, professional-technical programs of the future. The specifications start with points to consider when determining school site suitability. The document then sets forth

Idaho State Div. of Professional-Technical Education, Boise.

47

Things Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presented in this booklet are brief descriptions of items and activities that are symbolic of Japanese culture. Some of the items and activities described include Japanese musical instruments and records, toys and crafts, traditional clothing and accessories, and food utensils. Several recipes for Japanese dishes are provided. Lists of pertinent

Shigeta, Jessie M.

48

Japanese language and Japanese science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Japanese mathematical scientists including astronomers, physicists, and mathematicians obtain ideas in Japanese, discuss their problems in Japanese, and arrive at conclusions in Japanese, and yet they write their results in foreign languages such as English. This uncomfortable situation has continued for nearly one hundred years and has had serious effects on Japanese science. In this short report, the author discusses and analyses these effects. In order to put Japanese science on a sound basis, the author proposes to increase the number of articles, reviews and textbooks in Japanese, first by translation and second by the voluntary efforts of scientists themselves. As centers devoted to this activity, the author proposes to construct "Airborne Libraries" which are maintained and accumulate in an electronic form the scientific documents written in Japanese.

Tanikawa, Kiyotaka

2003-08-01

49

Japanese Internment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will examine the decision to place all Japanese-Americans living on the West Coast into internment camps during WWII. This lesson is part of a mini-unit on Japanese Internment that will include readings in primary source documents and materials from History Alive that will provide most of the background knowledge necessary to evaluate the decision to intern Japanese-Americans during the war and the effects of internment on this group during the post-war period. This resource includes both a teaching guide and student worksheets.

Lindskog, Tom

2011-09-14

50

SMIILE Prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper the prototype of SMIILE tool (currently stands for: Software Metrics--Independent of Input LanguagE) will be described. Crucial characteristic of this tool is its independency of input programming language for supported software metrics. This characteristic is based on usage of newly introduced type of syntax trees--enriched Concrete Syntax Trees (eCST) for source code representation. MSCI: 68N30 Mathematical aspects of software engineering (specification, verification, metrics, requirements, etc.)

Raki?, Gordana; Budimac, Zoran

2011-09-01

51

[Japanese encephalitis].  

PubMed

Japanese encephalitis is an arboviral disease due to a flavivirus transmitted by a mosquito of the genus Culex. It is a major public health problem in Southeast Asia where it is endemo-epidemic. The socio-economic impact of Japanese encephalitis is great since most cases occur in children and young adults and lead to death in 25 to 30 % and neurological sequelae in survivors. The tendency of Japanese encephalitis to spread geographically and the existence of imported cases are particularly important issues. The clinical features are the same as other viral encephalitis. Suspicion of imported Japanese encephalitis depends on awareness of the epidemiological setting (return from endemic areas). Diagnosis must be confirmed by serology using ELISA capture method to detect anti-viral antibodies in blood and cerebrospinal fluid. Unlike herpes encephalitis, there is currently no specific treatment for Japanese encephalitis. Only preventive measures can be effective against infection. At the present time the most widely used vaccine is Biken's lyophilized vaccine produced from a reference strain (Nakayama strain), but its high cost prevents mass vaccination in endemic areas. Recent progress in molecular biology has raised hope for the discovery of a genetically engineered vaccine to improve overall protection against Japanese encephalitis. PMID:16548493

Diagana, M; Tabo, A; Debrock, C; Preux, P M

2005-09-01

52

Technical Japanese Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

University of Washington, Technical Japanese Program. Services related to the teaching of Technical Japanese, and a good selection of Japan-related resources. Programs offered: Inter-Engineering MSE in Technical Japanese (IMTJ) and Japanese Program for Professionals (JPP).

53

Weighting Factors for the Commercial Building Prototypes Used in the Development of ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2010  

SciTech Connect

Detailed construction data from the McGraw Hill Construction Database was used to develop construction weights by climate zones for use with DOE Benchmark Buildings and for the ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 development. These construction weights were applied to energy savings estimates from simulation of the benchmark buildings to establish weighted national energy savings.

Jarnagin, Ronald E.; Bandyopadhyay, Gopal K.

2010-01-21

54

The energy performance of prototype holographic glazings  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on the simulation of the energy performance of prototype holographic glazings in commercial office buildings in a California climate. These prototype glazings, installed above conventional side windows, are designed to diffract the transmitted solar radiation and reflect it off the ceiling, providing adequate daylight illumination for typical office tasks up to 10m from the window. In this study,

K. Papamichael; L. Beltran; R. Furler; E. S. Lee; S. Selkowitz; M. Rubin

1993-01-01

55

Japanese encephalitis.  

PubMed

A young couple come to see you for a pretravel consultation. They are planning to spend a month backpacking in Thailand over December and January. They have read about Japanese encephalitis in travel books and seek your advice on the need for vaccination against this disease. PMID:11458591

Scrimgeour, D

2001-06-01

56

Rethinking Japanese Language Pedagogy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the work of Seiichi Makino, a scholar of Japanese, noting that his work in establishing the Japanese proficiency guidelines helped make it appear that Japanese language teaching was part of mainstream American language teaching. (Author/VWL)|

Larson, Phyllis

2003-01-01

57

Abrasive flow finishing of stereolithography prototypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research investigated the use of two relatively new technologies, abrasive flow machining (AFM) and stereolithography (SL), to minimize the time to develop a finished prototype. Statistical analysis was used to determine effects of media grit size, media pressure, build style, build orientation and resin type on flatness, material removal rate and surface roughness. Results indicated that media pressure, grit

Robert E. Williams; Vicki L. Melton

1998-01-01

58

Development and Analysis of Desiccant Enhanced Evaporative Air Conditioner Prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report documents the design of a desiccant enhanced evaporative air conditioner (DEVAP AC) prototype and the testing to prove its performance. Previous numerical modeling and building energy simulations indicate a DEVAP AC can save significant energy compared to a conventional vapor compression AC (Kozubal et al. 2011). The purposes of this research were to build DEVAP prototypes, test them

E. Kozubal; J. Woods; R. Judkoff

2012-01-01

59

Japanese wives in Japanese-Australian intermarriages  

Microsoft Academic Search

The diasporic experiences of Japanese partners married to Australians and living in Australia are largely unexamined. This article is based on a study, conducted for an honours thesis, which invited four Japanese wives living in South East Queensland to describe, together with their Australian husbands, their family's interactions with Japan, its language and culture, and the local Japanese community. It

Jared Denman

60

Rapid prototype and test  

SciTech Connect

In order to support advanced manufacturing, Sandia has acquired the capability to produce plastic prototypes using stereolithography. Currently, these prototypes are used mainly to verify part geometry and ``fit and form`` checks. This project investigates methods for rapidly testing these plastic prototypes, and inferring from prototype test data actual metal part performance and behavior. Performances examined include static load/stress response, and structural dynamic (modal) and vibration behavior. The integration of advanced non-contacting measurement techniques including scanning laser velocimetry, laser holography, and thermoelasticity into testing of these prototypes is described. Photoelastic properties of the epoxy prototypes to reveal full field stress/strain fields are also explored.

Gregory, D.L.; Hansche, B.D.

1996-06-01

61

Prototyping Defense Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Prototyping helps to reduce technical risk in developing weapon systems. While it requires time and money upfront, it allows the government to delay major funding commitments. Thus, prototyping is receiving increased attention now because of lower budgets...

K. W. Tyson J. R. Nelson D. C. Gogerty B. R. Harmon A. W. Salerno

1991-01-01

62

Reinspiring Japanese Educational Objectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides a brief overview of the history of modern Japanese education, its early modernization, and the policy of intertwining the Japanese ideology with Western technology. Proposes the establishment of a new Buddhist-inspired philosophy of education. (GLR)|

Wada, Shuji

1993-01-01

63

Cultural Awareness and Negotiation Skills Training: Evaluation of a Prototype Semi-Immersive System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The effectiveness of BiLAT, a game-based prototype for training negotiation skills in an Iraqi cultural setting, was assessed. The prototype aims to train deliberate preparation behaviors, trust- and relationship- building strategies, and familiarity with...

J. G. Wilkinson P. J. Durlach T. G. Wansbury

2008-01-01

64

Japanese Radio Exercises. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This unit focuses on Japanese radio exercises which became popular in Japan just after World War II and are still used among students and workers in companies to help raise morale and form group unity. The exercises reflect the general role of exercise in Japanese culture--to serve as a symbol of unity and cooperation among the Japanese, as well

Young, Jocelyn

65

Health Information in Japanese (???): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... ??????? - ??? (Japanese) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations Nuclear Scans Bone Scan ????? - ??? (Japanese) Bilingual PDF ... ?? - ??? (Japanese) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations Nuclear or Radiation Emergencies ?????????????? - ??? (Japanese) Bilingual PDF ...

66

Dont Be Afraid To Communicate with Americans: Research About Low Self-esteem Japanese Students in the United States. How ESL Teachers Can Build Students Self-esteem in the Class  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project is a research paper about low self-esteem Japanese students who have a hard time communicating with Americans in spite of the fact that their English ability is high enough. It is based on my private teaching experience with one of many Japanese students in Boston. This paper is composed of two sections. The first section shows that low

Mami Tanaka

2002-01-01

67

ReMail: a reinvented email prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Collaborative User Experience Research group has been investigating how people use email and how we might design and build a better email system. In this demonstration, we will show a prototype email client developed as part of a larger project on \\

Steven L. Rohall; Dan Gruen; Paul Moody; Martin Wattenberg; Mia Stern; Bernard Kerr; Bob Stachel; Kushal Dave; Robert Armes; Eric Wilcox

2004-01-01

68

An Identification of Japanese Numerical Characters on a Biometrical Smart Pen System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biometrical smart pen (BiSP) prototypes were still used for handwriting signature verification and identification as well as for biometrical PIN identification based on Arabian number. In this paper, we apply a biometrical smart pen prototype to biometrical identification of PINs given by four handwritten Japanese numeric characters extracted from ten characters. As a result, it is estimated that the identification

Takeshi Takita; Seiichiro Hangai; Juergen Kempf; Christian Hook; Georg Scharfenberg

2007-01-01

69

Japanese Companies' Investments in China (Japanese)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research paper provides an overview of Japan-China economic relations focusing primarily on Japanese companies' direct investments in China.First, I will outline the chronological development of investment relations between Japan and China over the past 20 years. Historically, there have been three boom periods for Japanese investments in China: the first boom from 1985 through 1987, the second from 1991

SHIBOTA Atsuo

2009-01-01

70

Preclinical and clinical development of YFV 17D-based chimeric vaccines against dengue, West Nile and Japanese encephalitis viruses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dengue viruses (DENV), West Nile virus (WNV) and Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) are major global health and growing medical problems. While a live-attenuated vaccine exists since decades against the prototype flavivirus, yellow fever virus (YFV), there is an urgent need for vaccines against dengue or West Nile diseases, and for improved vaccines against Japanese encephalitis. Live-attenuated chimeric viruses were constructed

Bruno Guy; Farshad Guirakhoo; Veronique Barban; Stephen Higgs; Thomas P. Monath; Jean Lang

2010-01-01

71

Prototype vein contrast enhancer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A proof-of-principle prototype Vein Contrast Enhancer (VCE) has been designed and constructed. The VCE is an instrument that makes vein access easier by capturing an infrared image of peripheral veins, enhancing the vein-contrast using software image processing, and projecting the enhanced vein-image back onto the skin using a modified commercial projector. The prototype uses software alignment to achieve alignment accuracy between the captured infrared image and the projected visible image of better than 0.06 mm. Figure 1 shows the prototype demonstrated in our laboratory.

Zeman, Herbert D.; Lovhoiden, Gunnar; Vrancken, Carlos

2004-07-01

72

Rapid Prototyping of Tools.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes a system for rapid tool manufacturing based on the integration of stereolithograph and thermal spraying. With stereolithography apparatus (SLA), plastic prototype models are built directly from a vat of liquid photocurable polymer by ...

E. L. Gursoz F. B. Prinz L. E. Weiss P. S. Fussell S. Mahalingham

1989-01-01

73

Laboratory Prototype Flash Evaporator.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A laboratory prototype flash evaporator that is being developed as a candidate for the space shuttle environmental control system expendable heat sink is described. The single evaporator configuration uses water as an evaporant to accommodate reentry and ...

J. L. Gaddis

1972-01-01

74

Ceramic subsurface marker prototypes  

SciTech Connect

The client submitted 5 sets of porcelain and stoneware subsurface (radioactive site) marker prototypes (31 markers each set). The following were determined: compressive strength, thermal shock resistance, thermal crazing resistance, alkali resistance, color retention, and chemical resistance.

Lukens, C.E. [Rockwell International Corp., Richland, WA (United States). Rockwell Hanford Operations

1985-05-02

75

Advances in rapid prototyping.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Recent advances in stereolithography and selective laser sintering have had a significant impact on the overall quality of parts produced using these rapid prototyping processes. The development and implementation of 3D System's QuickCast(trademark) resin...

C. L. Atwood G. D. McCarty B. T. Pardo E. A. Bryce

1993-01-01

76

Wet Chemistry Instrument Prototype.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A wet chemistry instrument prototype for detecting amino acids in planetary soil samples was developed. The importance of amino acids and their condensation products to the development of life forms is explained. The characteristics of the instrument and ...

1974-01-01

77

A Japanese Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a view of Japanese education based on the experiences and observations of an American educator. Explains cultural contrasts, educational aspects and model, and the question of discipline. A Japanese educator responds with a personal view on educational equality in ability. (RT)

DeVito, Alfred; Ogawa, Masakata

1989-01-01

78

The Japanese American Story.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a view of the Japanese American experience from the time of their immigration to this country in the 1800s to their acculturation into American society in the 1970s. Topics dealt with include the prejudice and mistrust experienced by the Japanese immigrants in this country, particularly their evacuation and internment in

Fukei, Budd

79

Virtual Prototyping of RF Weapons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are attempting to perform virtual prototyping of RF systems, from pulse power through to antennas, with the ICEPIC (Improved Concurrent Electromagnetic Particle-in-Cell) HPC software that we have developed over the past several years with funding from AFOSR. This code simulates from first principles (Maxwell's equations and Lorenz's force law) the electrodynamics and charged particle dynamics of the RF-producing part of the system. Such simulations require major computational resources. In the past, we have simulated GigaWatt-class sources that have already been built in the laboratory including the relativistic klystron oscillator (RKO) and the magnetically insulated line oscillator (MILO). Our simulations have uncovered undesirable features of these sources, and have led us to suggest ways to improve them. We are now taking the next step in our evolution towards true virtual prototyping. We have begun to simulate the relativistic magnetron before it is been built at our lab. The details of the device that will eventually be built, including the geometric structure and the externally generated magnetic field distribution, will be based on our simulations. In this paper, we present results from ICEPIC simulations that lead to the improvement of the RKO and MILO as well as predicted characteristics the relativistic magnetron that we plan to build in the fall of 2002.

Cartwright, Keith

2002-08-01

80

2. OVERALL VIEW OF GERMAN VILLAGE LOOKING SOUTHWEST TOWARD BUILDING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. OVERALL VIEW OF GERMAN VILLAGE LOOKING SOUTHWEST TOWARD BUILDING T-8100. BUNKER, BUILDING T-8104, IN FOREGROUND. - Dugway Proving Ground, German-Japanese Village, German Village, South of Stark Road, in WWII Incendiary Test Area, Dugway, Tooele County, UT

81

Japanese religion as ritual order  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is argued in this paper that beneath the superficial analysis of Japanese religions such as Buddhism, Shinto, Confucianism and the New Religions, there is one dominant ideological complex which, following some Japanese scholars, can conveniently be dubbed The Japanese Religion or Nihonkyo. This Japanese religion is a ritual order based on the hierarchical concept of ie and its variations

Timothy Fitzgerald

1993-01-01

82

Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report, Reference Volume 2: Final residential and commercial building prototypes and DOE-2.1E developed UECs and EUIs; Part 3.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This section contains the detailed measured impact results and market segment data for each DSM case examined for this building type. A complete index of all base and measure cases defined for this building type is shown first. This index represents an ex...

1995-01-01

83

Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report, Reference Volume 2: Final residential and commercial building prototypes and DOE-2.1E developed UECs and EUIs; Part 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This section contains the detailed measured impact results and market segment data for each DSM case examined for this building type. A complete index of all base and measure cases defined for this building type is shown first. This index represents an ex...

1995-01-01

84

Building protypes of damaged systems from analysis simulations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our rapid prototype of damaged systems project seeks to provide a technology for allowing engineers to build demonstration prototypes of damaged products from analysis post-processing data. Most commercial finite element programs do not have a capability to construct deformed geometry at the conclusion of an analysis simulation. It is therefore not presently possible to build prototypes of predicted states of

C. S. Tsai; R. M. Dolin; J. Hefele

1996-01-01

85

Japanese Industrial Research on Lean Combustion: A Case Study: International Research Monitoring Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In recent years, Japanese automakers have introduced a number of successful lean-combustion engines. These engines, in addition to the general expertise in building small cars, have made the Japanese automobiles into the gas mileage champions of the US ma...

G. J. Hane R. A. Hutchinson

1987-01-01

86

Japanese Beetle Program Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: List of Tables; List of Figures; Introduction (Japanese Beetle Program Manual for Airports); General Information (Management and Compliance Agreements (CAs), Airport Monitoring and Classification, Monitoring Airports in JB-infested Areas, Determ...

2004-01-01

87

Teaching the Japanese Copula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The traditional approach in teaching the Japanese copula is shown to be linguistically and pedagogically defective. An alternative analysis of -da and -desu and a practical method of presenting them is demonstrated. (HP)

Mills, David O.

1977-01-01

88

Future of Japanese Nationalism.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: The Problem of Japanese Nationalism; The Nature of Prewar Nationalism; The Suppression of Nationalism in Postwar Japan; The Decline of the Progressive View of the Nation; Economic Nationalism--The Neo-mercantilist View; The Debate over National ...

K. B. Pyle

1985-01-01

89

Japanese speakers of English: \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japanese speakers' pronunciation difficulties with \\/l\\/ and \\/r\\/ and with \\/s\\/ before \\/i:\\/ and \\/?\\/ are well known, but a common difficulty seems not to have been studied: confusion between \\

Margaret Maeda; Hiroko Saito

90

Japanese resource dependence  

SciTech Connect

This thesis is an examination of Japan's strategic resource dependence and her reliance of the three raw materials-rich regions of Southeast Asia (ASEAN), the Persian Gulf, and Southern Africa. A discussion of the Japanese formula for securing resources in the less developed countries of the 'South' is included along with a brief overview of her onshore resource utilization in business/industry. The roles of direct foreign investment, official development assistance, energy conservation, and Japanese multinationalization are discussed.

Sim, R.W.

1982-03-01

91

Robot machines rapid prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the application of an industrial robot to the rapid prototyping of 3D CAD-defined products. Outlines the equipment and the major software issues of the fully automatic offline generation of the robot instructions. Presents performance, limitations and practical results.

Joris S. M. Vergeest; Johan W. H. Tangelder

1996-01-01

92

MITRE sensor layer prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

The MITRE Sensor Layer Prototype is an initial design effort to enable every sensor to help create new capabilities through collaborative data sharing. By making both upstream (raw) and downstream (processed) sensor data visible, users can access the specific level, type, and quantities of data needed to create new data products that were never anticipated by the original designers of

Francis Duff; Donald McGarry; David Zasada; Scott Foote

2009-01-01

93

Rapid Prototyping Reconsidered  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Continuing educators need additional strategies for developing new programming that can both reduce the time to market and lower the cost of development. Rapid prototyping, a time-compression technique adapted from the high technology industry, represents one such strategy that merits renewed evaluation. Although in higher education rapid

Desrosier, James

2011-01-01

94

Electronic Prototyping Review Meeting.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document is a compendium of the presentations that were made during the Electronic Prototyping Review Meeting that was held on May 23 and 24, 1995 in Dayton, Ohio. The review was sponsored by the Materials Process Design Branch of the Air Force Wrigh...

1995-01-01

95

MIND performance and prototyping  

SciTech Connect

The performance of MIND (Magnetised Iron Neutrino Detector) at a neutrino factory has been revisited in a new analysis. In particular, the low neutrino energy region is studied, obtaining an efficiency plateau around 5 GeV for a background level below 10{sup -3}. A first look has been given into the detector optimisation and prototyping.

Cervera-Villanueva, A. [Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, C.S.I.C.- Universidad de Valencia (Spain)

2008-02-21

96

Japanese industrial research on lean combustion: A case study: International Research Monitoring Program  

SciTech Connect

In recent years, Japanese automakers have introduced a number of successful lean-combustion engines. These engines, in addition to the general expertise in building small cars, have made the Japanese automobiles into the gas mileage champions of the US market. The lean-combustion engines also provide very satisfactory performance and acceptable emissions. United States automakers and research managers, who were probably better informed about lean-combustion than the Japanese were, actively investigated lean-combustion but did not develop an engine. This report examines the basis for the Japanese innovations, the research that took the Japanese past the US state of the art to permit engine development. A preliminary review of recent (1980s) Japanese literature did not turn up strong evidence of new research activity in the lean-combustion area, but did provide background on new engines developed by several major manufacturers. The study was conducted solely through the Japanese and US published literature, with emphasis on early research conducted in the 1970s. This report presents an example of how Japanese research progress can be examined by reviewing the Japanese research literature. Although useful information was obtained by this method, it is still difficult to get a complete picture. When reviewing the literature, as was done for this report, one must remember that the marginal use of references by Japanese researchers obscures prior work, as does the tendency of the Japanese to publish several articles on similar or identical topics. 50 refs., 15 figs.

Hane, G.J.; Hutchinson, R.A.

1987-08-01

97

The Japanese FBR development program  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the Japanese fast breeder reactor (FBR) development program is to establish the technology for a plutonium recycling system using FBRs that should be superior to the uranium utilization system of light water reactors (LWRs) with respect to both safety and economy. Commercialization would be achieved between 2020 and 2030, according to current plans. The FBR development in Japan actually started with the establishment of Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corporation (PNC) in 1967. The experimental fast reactor Joyo, built at O-Arai Engineering Center (OEC), attained criticality in April 1977. The R D and the system demonstration (plant construction and operation) of FBRs have made and will make stepwise progress through such stages as experiment (Joyo), prototype (Monju), demonstration (DFBR), and commercialization in Japan. To advance the development of the FBR to the level of commercialization, introduction of various new design concepts and key innovative technologies are necessary. The R D on these key technologies is being conducted, and it is expected that these technologies can be ready for plant application between 2005 and 2010.

Hori, M. (Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuels Development Corp., Tokyo (Japan)); Takeda, A. (Japan Atomic Power Co., Tokyo (Japan))

1992-01-01

98

Majorana Thermosyphon Prototype Experimental Setup.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the experimental setup of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR thermosyphon prototype cooling system. A nitrogen thermosyphon prototype of such a system has been built and tested at PNNL. This document present...

A. D. Guzman D. J. Reid J. T. Munley

2011-01-01

99

Mars Spark Source Prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Mars Spark Source Prototype (MSSP) hardware has been developed as part of a proof of concept system for the detection of trace metals such as lead, cadmium, and arsenic in Martian dusts and soils. A spark discharge produces plasma from a soil sample and detectors measure the optical emission from metals in the plasma that will allow their identification and quantification. Trace metal measurements are vital for the assessment of the potential toxicity of the Martian environment for human exploration. The current method of X-ray fluorescence can yield concentrations only of major species. Other instruments are incompatible with the volume, weight, and power constraints for a Mars mission. The instrument will be developed primarily for use in the Martian environment, but would be adaptable for terrestrial use in environmental monitoring. This paper describes the Mars Spark Source Prototype hardware, the results of the characterization tests, and future plans for hardware development.

Eichenberg, Dennis J.; Lindamood, Glenn R.; Weiland, Karen J.; VanderWal, Randall L.

1999-10-01

100

Step Prototype Development Status  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

STEP, the Satellite Test of the Equivalence Principle [1], proposes to test the Equivalence Principle to a part in 1018 by comparing the free-fall acceleration of cylindrical shaped test masses [2] in Earth orbit. Magnetic bearings constrain the test mass motion to their axis of symmetry [3]. The displacement of the test masses is measured using a DC SQUID and superconducting coils [4], enabling a displacement sensitivity as small as 10-15 m. In combination with a small spring stiffness a differential acceleration sensitivity of 10-18 g is achievable. Residual satellite acceleration is reduced to better than 10-14 g by compensating satellite drag forces with thrust provided by helium gas. We report on recent progress in the development of STEP prototype flight accelerometers, in particular the development of the high precision quartz housing for the engineering inner accelerometer and the testing of SQUID and capacitive readout systems using 'brass board' accelerometer prototypes.

Mehls, C.; Bayart, C.; Bower, J.; Clarke, B.; Cox, C.; Gill, D.; Stricker, D.; Vora, N.; Wang, S.; Zhou, P.; Torii, R.; Worden, P.; Debra, D.; Dittus, H.; Loeffler, F.

2008-09-01

101

Majorana Thermosyphon Prototype Experimental Setup  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the experimental setup of Pacific Northwest National Laboratorys MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR thermosyphon prototype cooling system. A nitrogen thermosyphon prototype of such a system has been built and tested at PNNL. This document presents the experimental setup of the prototype that successfully demonstrated the heat transfer performance of the system.

Reid, Douglas J.; Guzman, Anthony D.; Munley, John T.

2011-08-01

102

MITRE sensor layer prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The MITRE Sensor Layer Prototype is an initial design effort to enable every sensor to help create new capabilities through collaborative data sharing. By making both upstream (raw) and downstream (processed) sensor data visible, users can access the specific level, type, and quantities of data needed to create new data products that were never anticipated by the original designers of the individual sensors. The major characteristic that sets sensor data services apart from typical enterprise services is the volume (on the order of multiple terabytes) of raw data that can be generated by most sensors. Traditional tightly coupled processing approaches extract pre-determined information from the incoming raw sensor data, format it, and send it to predetermined users. The community is rapidly reaching the conclusion that tightly coupled sensor processing loses too much potentially critical information.1 Hence upstream (raw and partially processed) data must be extracted, rapidly archived, and advertised to the enterprise for unanticipated uses. The authors believe layered sensing net-centric integration can be achieved through a standardize-encapsulate-syndicateaggregate- manipulate-process paradigm. The Sensor Layer Prototype's technical approach focuses on implementing this proof of concept framework to make sensor data visible, accessible and useful to the enterprise. To achieve this, a "raw" data tap between physical transducers associated with sensor arrays and the embedded sensor signal processing hardware and software has been exploited. Second, we encapsulate and expose both raw and partially processed data to the enterprise within the context of a service-oriented architecture. Third, we advertise the presence of multiple types, and multiple layers of data through geographic-enabled Really Simple Syndication (GeoRSS) services. These GeoRSS feeds are aggregated, manipulated, and filtered by a feed aggregator. After filtering these feeds to bring just the type and location of data sought by multiple processes to the attention of each processing station, just that specifically sought data is downloaded to each process application. The Sensor Layer Prototype participated in a proof-of-concept demonstration in April 2008. This event allowed multiple MITRE innovation programs to interact among themselves to demonstrate the ability to couple value-adding but previously unanticipated users to the enterprise. For this event, the Sensor Layer Prototype was used to show data entering the environment in real time. Multiple data types were encapsulated and added to the database via the Sensor Layer Prototype, specifically National Imagery Transmission Format 2.1 (NITF), NATO Standardization Format 4607 (STANAG 4607), Cursor-on-Target (CoT), Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG), Hierarchical Data Format (HDF5) and several additional sensor file formats describing multiple sensors addressing a common scenario.

Duff, Francis; McGarry, Donald; Zasada, David; Foote, Scott

2009-05-01

103

Japanese Manufacturers Shift Toward a Global Operation Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current reforms in the Japanese manufacturing industry (from engineering to production, procurement, inventory, distribution, and sales) might not be sufficient for the challenges of the twenty-first century. It will become more and more important to seek demand-driven business with an as close as possible integration of global supply chain management. This article proposes such a global operation model by building

SATORU HAYASHI

2004-01-01

104

The Uniqueness of EFL Teachers: Perceptions of Japanese Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on the work of Borg (2006), this article reports on a study of Japanese English as a foreign language (EFL) learners' perceptions of some of the unique characteristics of EFL teachers that distinguish them from teachers of other subjects. The data were collected by means of a questionnaire to which 163 college-level EFL students in Japan

Lee, Joseph J.

2010-01-01

105

Move F and ga/no Conversion in Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines Ga/No conversion in Japanese under the Move F theory of movement (Chomsky, 1995). Building on Miyagawa's (1993) analysis, argues that a genitive phrase raises out of a prenominal gapless clause in either overt or covert syntax. (Author/VWL)|

Ochi, Masao

2001-01-01

106

UCSF Japanese Prints Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California at San Francisco has spent thirty years cultivating its collection of Japanese woodblock prints, and it has become an important part of the Library's East Asian Collection. The collection of 400 digitized prints concern Japanese health-related topics from the mid-19th century, and portray the gradual acceptance of Western medicine. Visitors can view the collection by theme or perform a search to find something more specific. The themes include "Contagious Diseases", which focuses on smallpox, measles and cholera, "Foreigners and Disease", which highlights the Japanese belief that foreigners carried diseases to Japan, and "Drug Advertisements". The "Drug Advertisements" are quite possibly the most beautiful drug ads in existence, and they feature elaborate images of drugs slaying disease, kabuki actors promoting a show sponsored by a children's medicine, Kindoru powder, and a detailed rendering of the interior of a drugstore, printed on a fan that was given out as a promotional item to advertise the business.

107

Japanese Ant Image Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 2003 revised edition of the Japanese Ant Image Database was developed under the direction of the Japanese Ant Database Group (JADG). The website, which merges taxonomic information and stunning photographs, will no doubt delight myrmecologists and others. Information about different types of ants can be accessed through browseable, hyperlinked lists organized by subfamily, genus, and species. Genus and species profiles include images, references, descriptive information, simple distribution maps, and more. The site includes a Japanese Ant Image Library with hundreds of quality images, and a smaller SEM Image Library as well. The site also offers sections with Type Specimens and Taxonomic Keys. Please note that the site has not been updated since 2003; there are future plans to revisit the project when updates and corrections become necessary.

108

Computer Science in Japanese Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents some impressions of computer science in Japanese universities based on the authors'sabbatical visits. The focus is primarily on such structural aspects of the discipline as departmental organization,faculty and student populations, funding, research activity, and computing facilities. Perhaps the keyobservation is that Japanese cultural practices influence the way in which computer science is approachedin Japanese universities to a

David Notkin; Richard D. Schlichting

1993-01-01

109

Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report, Reference Volume 2: Final residential and commercial building prototypes and DOE-2.1E developed UECs and EUIs; Part 3  

SciTech Connect

This section contains the detailed measured impact results and market segment data for each DSM case examined for this building type. A complete index of all base and measure cases defined for this building type is shown first. This index represents an expansion of the base and measure matrix presented in Table 1 (residential) or Table 2 (commercial) for the applicable sector. Following this index, a summary report sheet is provided for each DSM measure case in the order shown in the index. The summary report sheet contains a host of information and selected graphs which define and depict the measure impacts and outline the market segment data assumptions utilized for each case in the DBEDT DSM Forecasting models. The variables and figures included in the summary report sheet are described. Numerous tables and figures are included.

NONE

1995-04-01

110

Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report, Reference Volume 2: Final residential and commercial building prototypes and DOE-2.1E developed UECs and EUIs; Part 2  

SciTech Connect

This section contains the detailed measured impact results and market segment data for each DSM case examined for this building type. A complete index of all base and measure cases defined for this building type is shown first. This index represents an expansion of the base and measure matrix presented in Table 1 (residential) or Table 2 (commercial) for the applicable sector. Following this index, a summary report sheet is provided for each DSM measure case in the order shown in the index. The summary report sheet contains a host of information and selected graphs which define and depict the measure impacts and outline the market segment data assumptions utilized for each case in the DBEDT DSM Forecasting models. The variables and figures included in the summary report sheet are described. Numerous tables and figures are included.

NONE

1995-04-01

111

Safety design of prototype fast breeder reactor  

SciTech Connect

The basic design and safety design of Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR) is presented. Design aspects covered include safety classification, seismic categorization, design basis conditions, design safety limits, core physics, core monitoring, shutdown system, decay heat removal system, protection against sodium leaks and tube leaks in steam generator, plant layout, radiation protection, event analysis, beyond design basis accidents, integrity of primary containment, reactor containment building and design pressure resulting from core disruptive accident. The measures provided in the design represent a robust case of the safety of the reactor. (authors)

Bhoje, S.B.; Chetal, S.C.; Singh, Om Pal [Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam (India)

2004-07-01

112

Prototype dining hall energy efficiency study  

SciTech Connect

The energy consumption of food service facilities is among the highest of any commercial building type, owing to the special requirements for food preparation, sanitation, and ventilation. Consequently, the US Air Force Engineering and Services Center (AFESC) contracted with Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) to collect and analyze end-use energy consumption data for a prototypical dining hall and make specific recommendations on cost-effective energy conservation options. This information will be used to establish or update criteria for dining hall designs and retrofits as appropriate. 6 refs., 21 figs., 23 tabs.

Mazzucchi, R.P.; Bailey, S.A.; Zimmerman, P.W.

1988-06-01

113

Fabrication of 3D Medical Model Build from Computed Tomography Images with the Aid of Rapid Prototyping Technique and Finite Element Analysis of L3-L4 Lumbar Model to Enhanced Intervertebral Disc Fusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to make clear the mechanical behavior of human lumbar vertebrae (L3\\/L4) with and without fusion bone under physiological axial compression. The author has developed the program code to build the patient specific three-dimensional geometric model from the computed tomography (CT) images. The developed three-dimensional model provides the necessary information to the physicians and surgeons

Ashish B. Deoghare; Pramod M. Padole

114

The Japanese scene  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Japanese Society of Medical Electronics and Biological Engineering (JSMEBE) was founded in November, 1962. In May of this year, we celebrated our 30th anniversary in Tokyo. At the foundation of our society we had about 500 members. The number of the members has increased steadily during the last three decades and now we have about 5,000 members in our

Fumihiko Kajiya

1992-01-01

115

English loanwords in Japanese  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of the economic, political and cultural influence of Britain and the US, and the emergence of English as an international language, many world languages have absorbed loanwords from English, especially during the twentieth century. Japanese contains thousands of such borrowings, many of which are well-established and in universal use. A domestic phonetic script is available to both

GILLIAN KAY

1995-01-01

116

Taste Blindness of Japanese  

Microsoft Academic Search

IT is well known that the strongly bitter taste of phenyl-thiourea is not noticed by some persons. It is said that 30 per cent of persons of white race do not recognize the taste. The result of tests on Japanese is given below :

Keizo Suzuki

1949-01-01

117

Japanese Fisheries, 1988.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report outlines the substantial changes in the Japanese fishing industry up to 1988. The report: analyzes the impact on the industry as a result of the extended jurisdictions of the U.S. and the Soviet Union, the subsequent reduction of Japan's catch ...

J. Salisbury Y. Nasaka

1990-01-01

118

JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS VACCINE  

Microsoft Academic Search

For most people, the first time they have ever heard of Japanese encephalitis (JE) is when visiting a travel clinic in preparation for a trip to Asia. They are then faced with the seemingly impossible decision of whether to spend money on a vaccine that has a rather bad reputation or to risk developing the disease, which would be much

Tom Solomon

119

Japanese Temple Geometry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Between the 17th and 19th centuries, the Japanese government closed its borders to the outside world in an attempt to become more powerful. Foreign books were banned, people could not travel, and foreigners were not allowed to enter the country. One result of this isolation was the flourishing of sangaku--wooden tablets inscribed with intricately

Vincent, Jill; Vincent, Claire

2004-01-01

120

Path planning and prototype design of an AGV  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a path planning method using fuzzy logic control and potential field for an Automatic Guided Vehicle (AGV) is proposed. The design and implementation of an AGV prototype are also presented. Prom a top-view image of an environment, the chamfer distance transform is used to build the artificial potential field required. The potential field method is used to

Jiann-Der Lee; C CHEN; J KO; J LEE

1999-01-01

121

Simulation of injection molding into rapid-prototyped molds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Injection molding is a very mature technology, but the growth of layer-build, additive, manufacturing technologies (rapid prototypying) has the potential of expanding injection molding into areas not commercially feasible with traditional molds and molding techniques. This integration of injection molding with rapid prototyping has undergone many demonstrations of potential. What is missing is the fundamental understanding of how the modifications

Rajitha Aluru; Michael Keefe; Suresh Advani

2001-01-01

122

Rapid Prototyping as an Aid to Sustainable Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research explored the use of rapid prototyping as a tool for selecting the building composition w ith the greatest potential for energy efficiency. This research exa mined methods of translating the data gathered from energy modeling software to a format compatible with 3-D printing technology. The growing public awareness o f the finite quantity of natural resources available for

Xavier Lange

123

Detraditionalisation: Japanese Students in the USA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focuses on the identity formation of Japanese students temporarily living in the United States. The students were enrolled in Japanese Saturday school and in American public schools. Student interviews reveal a mixture of Japanese and American characteristics. Suggests Japanese students do not reject either culture--Japanese or American--but that

Ueno, Junko

2001-01-01

124

Detraditionalisation: Japanese Students in the USA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the identity formation of Japanese students temporarily living in the United States. The students were enrolled in Japanese Saturday school and in American public schools. Student interviews reveal a mixture of Japanese and American characteristics. Suggests Japanese students do not reject either culture--Japanese or American--but that

Ueno, Junko

2001-01-01

125

Ptolemy: A Mixed-Paradigm Simulation\\/Prototyping Platform in C  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Ptolemy is a flexible and extensible platform for simulations, rapid prototyping, and other software systems. It is our third generation software environment, building on our experience with Blosim, a signal processing simulation system, and Gabriel, a prototyping environment for real-time signal processing. Unlike its predecessors, Ptolemy does not enforce a single simulation or execution model; it supports mixed hardware

David G. Messerschmitt; Edward A. Lee; Joseph Buck; Soonhoi Ha

1991-01-01

126

Japanese space program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The organization and budget of Japanese space activities is outlined. There are two major performers: NASDA (National Space Development Agency) and ISAS (Institute of Space and Astronautical Sciences). The budget is roughly 1 billion dollars/year (1/10 of NASDA's budget), 70% goes to NASA, and 10% to ISAS. NASDA's space development programs, launch vehicles, NASDA's satellite programs, HOPE (H-2 Orbiting Plane) Project, scientific satellites of ISAS and NASDA's major facilities are described.

Morino, Yoshiki

1993-06-01

127

Suicide of Japanese Youth.  

PubMed

The uniquely intense stress due to the Examination Hell (shiken jigoku) not only generates a basic drive for Japan's economic success but also contributes to a high rate of young people's suicide. This paper discusses the major factors in the intensity of Japanese stress on both institutional and psychological levels. The social structural factors which convert stress to suicide are analyzed in terms of weak ego; restraint on aggression; a lack of social resources; and views of life, death and suicide. Japanese views of life, death and suicide are treated in terms of Absolute phenomenalism, the original form of Shintoism, to which Buddhism and Confucianism have been adjusted in Japan. Japanese phenomenalism affects suicide through its three aspects: animism, present-time oriented small groupism, and the absolute acceptance of the established social order. Confusion and conflict since World War II have increased anomic suicides; however, elements of fatalistic suicide (due to excessive formal or informal social regulations) and altruistic suicide (due to excessive formal or informal social regulations) and altruistic suicide (due to strong social integration) are evident. Suicide is still a highly institutionalized adjustment mechanism in Japan. PMID:7233479

Iga, M

1981-01-01

128

Sources of Japanese patent information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past few years Japanese patent information has become more widely available. With the development of new Internet databases and the launch of PATOLIS-e, an English-language search service, it has become easier for non-Japanese speakers to access patent information from Japan. This article provides an up-to-date assessment of the various sources now available in this key area. Both Japanese

Irene Schellner

2001-01-01

129

Software evolution through iterative prototyping  

Microsoft Academic Search

The process of developing and evolving complex software systems is intrinsically exploratory in nature. Some prototyping activity is therefore inevitable in every stage of that process. Our program development and evolution methodology is predicated upon this observation. In this methodology, a prototype software system is developed as an approximation to an envisioned target system by compromising along one or more

Neil M. Goldman; Khaled Narayanaswamy

1992-01-01

130

Software Evolution Through Iterative Prototyping  

Microsoft Academic Search

The process of developing and evolving complex software systems is intrinsically exploratory in nature. Some prototyping activity is therefore inevitable in every stage of that process. Our program development and evolution methodology is predicated upon this observation. In this methodology, a prototype software system is developed as an approximation to an envisioned target system by compromising along one or more

Neil Goldman; K. Narayanaswamy

1992-01-01

131

Rapid Prototyping Instructional Delivery Support  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Rapid Prototyping is an additive manufacturing technology. This site helps new and existing users of Rapid Prototyping develop a better understanding of the technology. Materials include: guidance in the development of distance learning materials, technology transfer approaches, marketing materials, understanding of the incorporation of RP in the manufacturing design process, and maintenance procedures for RP equipment.

2008-04-18

132

Prototype Plasma Dynamo Experiments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Madison Plasma Dynamo Experiment (MPDX) is under construction to explore the self-excitation processes of a range of astrophysical dynamos. NIMROD simulations of von K'arm'an flow, in which the upper and lower hemispheres of the plasma are spun in opposite directions, have shown that the resulting two vortex flow can produce a dynamo when the magnetic Reynolds number is sufficiently high. This poster discusses prototype experiments on the Plasma Couette Experiment (PCX) to create von K'arm'an flow. The PCX (like the MPDX) uses an axisymmetric multicusp plasma confinement scheme that works in tandem with electrodes of alternating bias to create flow at the plasma boundary via ExB drift. This poster will review the theory with an emphasis on requirements on the plasma parameters and then show that the measured plasma parameters (ne 10^17 m-3, Te 10 eV) and flow speeds of 10 km/sec are high enough to self-excite, but are in a regime in which Hall MHD will likely be important. Higher densities (possible with higher power LaB6 cathodes) will be required to operate in the MHD regime. Work supported by NSF.

Weisberg, David; Forest, Cary; Collins, Cami; Katz, Noam; Khalzov, Ivan; Wallace, John; Clark, Mike

2010-11-01

133

Virtual acoustic prototyping  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper the re-creation of 3-D sound fields so the full psycho-acoustic impact of sound sources can be assessed before the manufacture of a product or environment is examined. Using head related transfer functions (HRTFs) coupled with a head tracked set of headphones the sound field at the left and right ears of a listener can be re-created for a set of sound sources. However, the HRTFs require that sources have a defined location and this is not the typical output from numerical codes which describe the sound field as a set of distributed modes. In this paper a method of creating a set of equivalent sources is described such that the standard set of HRTFs can be applied in real time. A structural-acoustic model of a cylinder driving an enclosed acoustic field will be used as an example. It will be shown that equivalent sources can be used to recreate all of the reverberation of the enclosed space. An efficient singular value decomposition technique allows the large number of sources required to be simulated in real time. An introduction to the requirements necessary for 3-D virtual prototyping using high frequency Statistical Energy Analysis models will be presented. [Work supported by AuSim and NASA.

Johnson, Marty

2003-10-01

134

3. Historic American Buildings Survey W. N. Manning, Photographer, March ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Historic American Buildings Survey W. N. Manning, Photographer, March 14, 1935 VIEW IN DINING ROOM SHOWING JAPANESE CHINA CLOSET, S.W. - John Bullard House, Harrogate Springs Road vicinity, Wetumpka, Elmore County, AL

135

The impact of firm strategy and foreign ownership on executive bonus compensation in Japanese firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building on information-processing perspectives and the Japanese contextual factors, this study investigates the relationships between firm strategy and executive bonus pay as well as the moderating role of foreign ownership on the strategycompensation relationship in Japanese firms. We focus on R&D investment and product diversification as strategy variables and investigate their direct effects on executive bonus pay. Further, we examine

Toru Yoshikawa; Abdul A. Rasheed; Esther B. Del Brio

2010-01-01

136

Improved Hydrosolar Roof for buildings air conditioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

An improved heat dissipation system for buildings air conditioning, based on a previous prototype, has been developed and tested. It acts as an extended solar driven cooling tower, reducing service water temperature. The paper presents the physical basis of the system, the geometrical modifications of the new prototype, the mathematical model and the performed tests. Experimental results obtained during summer

M. Lucas; P. Mart??nez; A. Snchez; A. Viedma; B. Zamora

2003-01-01

137

Asian Pacific Perspectives: Japanese Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These instructional materials on Japanese Americans for elementary students were developed through the K.E.Y.S. project (Knowledge of English Yields Success). Information is included on early immigrants, their historical and cultural background, and current problems of Japanese Americans. Resource guides describe the purpose of the unit, how to

Los Angeles Unified School District, CA.

138

Asian Pacific Perspectives: Japanese Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These instructional materials on Japanese Americans for elementary students were developed through the K.E.Y.S. project (Knowledge of English Yields Success). Information is included on early immigrants, their historical and cultural background, and current problems of Japanese Americans. Resource guides describe the purpose of the unit, how to

Los Angeles Unified School District, CA.

139

Inequities in Japanese Urban Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interviews with Japanese public school educators allow a distinctive view of how the continuing economic decline in Japan has affected educational motivation and decision-making among students and parents. The nature of socioeconomic stratification within Japanese educational opportunity is seen as a continuing situation exacerbated by the costs of education in a context of chronic economic uncertainty.

June A. Gordon

2005-01-01

140

Issei: Japanese Immigrants in Hawaii.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Coming to Hawaii before July 1, 1924, when the Japanese Exclusion Act became effective, the experiences of the Issei or first generation are described. Divided into four parts, this book examines the experiences of Japanese immigrants in Hawaii from 1885 through 1970. Part 1, "The Formation and Stabilization of the Issei Community," explores the

Kimura, Yukiko

141

U. S. -Japanese energy relations  

SciTech Connect

This book examines the energy policies of the US and Japan. Topics considered include bilateral and multilateral aspects of energy cooperation, the changing character of US-Japanese energy relations, political aspects of US oil exports, prospects for energy cooperation, synthetic fuels, liquefied natural gas, US-Japanese competition for the world photovoltaic market, and energy cooperation in Siberia.

Ebinger, C.K.; Morse, R.A.

1984-01-01

142

Doshu Kanamaya: Contemporary Japanese Calligraphy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new online exhibition from the Huntington Archive (discussed in the June 30, 1998 Scout Report for Social Sciences) highlights the work of renowned Japanese calligrapher, Doshu Kanayama. The exhibition includes an introduction to Japanese calligraphy and Kanayama, as well as a selection of twenty calligraphic paintings with short descriptions. Future plans for the site include a collection of essays.

143

Design of Griffin: A Common Prototyping Language.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of the Griffin project at NYU is the design of a language, called Griffin, for prototyping large software systems. The success and cost-effectiveness of prototyping depends on, among other things, a prototyping language that demonstrates exp...

R. Dewar B. Goldberg M. Harrison E. Schonberg D. Shasha

1991-01-01

144

Prototype casting fabrication by stereolithography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The evolution of the new technology of producing CAD models by ultraviolet solidification of resin materials (''STEREOLITHOGRAPHY'') continues to progress. The potential application area of rigid fabrication of prototype investment castings is becoming mo...

W. E. Cromwell

1992-01-01

145

Microfluidics Prototyping Platform and Components.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The present invention relates generally to components for the fabrication of microfluidic systems, particularly to components and combinations of components for the rapid and robust fabrication of prototype microfluidic systems, and to components allowing...

R. F. Renzi

2005-01-01

146

Biotechnology, Video Games, Rapid Prototyping  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The ATETV project delivers web-based videos to connect students to careers in advanced technology. This episode of ATETV deals with biotechnology, video game design, and rapid prototyping. It can be viewed whole or in three segments: "Biotechnology Student Marina Watanabe on Why She Chose to Attend a Community College," "Video Game Design Student Brent Parsons on the Growing Market for Computer Simulations," and "What is Rapid Prototyping?" The running time for the full episode is 8:29.

2010-12-14

147

Spectroscopic radiation portal monitor prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

A spectroscopic radiation portal monitor (SPM) prototype consisting of four 10.16-cmtimes10.16-cmtimes40.64-cm sodium iodide (NaI) crystals has been constructed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The prototype was put through a variety of tests, including measurements of the absolute detection efficiency of unshielded sources and the detection efficiency and isotopic identification capability of the detector for shielded isotopic sources. The monitor's

Kathleen R. McCormick; David C. Stromswold; James H. Ely; John E. Schweppe; Richard T. Kouzes

2005-01-01

148

Co-simulation of innovative integrated HVAC systems in buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integrated performance simulation of buildings' heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems can help in reducing energy consumption and increasing occupant comfort. However, no single building performance simulation (BPS) tool offers sufficient capabilities and flexibilities to analyse integrated building systems and to enable rapid prototyping of innovative building and system technologies. One way to alleviate this problem is to use co-simulation,

Marija Tr?ka; Jan L. M. Hensen; Michael Wetter

2009-01-01

149

Fuelcell Prototype Locomotive  

SciTech Connect

An international industry-government consortium is developing a fuelcell hybrid switcher locomotive for commercial railway applications and power-to-grid generation applications. The current phase of this on-going project addresses the practicalities of on-board hydrogen storage, fuelcell technology, and hybridity, all with an emphasis on commercially available products. Through practical evaluation using designs from Vehicle Projects Fuelcell-Powered Underground Mine Loader Project, the configuration of the fuelcell switcher locomotive changed from using metal-hydride hydrogen storage and a pure fuelcell power plant to using compressed hydrogen storage, a fuelcell-battery hybrid power plant, and fuelcell stack modules from Ballard Power Systems that have been extensively used in the Citaro bus program in Europe. The new overall design will now use a RailPower battery hybrid Green Goat as the locomotive platform. Keeping the existing lead-acid batteries, we will replace the 205 kW diesel gen-set with 225 kW of net fuelcell power, remove the diesel fuel tank, and place 14 compressed hydrogen cylinders, capable of storing 70 kg of hydrogen at 350 bar, on the roof. A detailed design with associated CAD models will allow a complete build of the fuelcell-battery hybrid switcher locomotive in the next funded phase.

David L. Barnes

2007-09-28

150

Energy performance analysis of prototype electrochromic windows  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the results of a study investigating the energy performance of three newly developed prototype electrochromic devices. The DOE-2.1 E energy simulation program was used to analyze the annual cooling, lighting, and total electric energy use and peak demand as a function of window type and size. The authors simulated a prototypical commercial office building module located in the cooling-dominated locations of Phoenix, AZ and Miami, FL. Heating energy use was also studied in the heating-dominated location of Madison, WI. Daylight illuminance was used to control electrochromic state-switching. Two types of window systems were analyzed; i.e., the outer pane electrochromic glazing was combined with either a conventional low-E or a spectrally selective inner pane. The properties of the electrochromic glazings are based on measured data of new prototypes developed as part of a cooperative DOE-industry program. The results show the largest difference in annual electric energy performance between the different window types occurs in Phoenix and is about 6.5 kWh/m{sup 2} floor area (0.60 kWh/ft{sup 2}) which can represent a cost of about $.52/m{sup 2} ($.05/ft{sup 2}) using electricity costing $.08/kWh. In heating-dominated locations, the electrochromic should be maintained in its bleached state during the heating season to take advantage of beneficial solar heat gain which would reduce the amount of required heating. This also means that the electrochromic window with the largest solar heat gain coefficient is best.

Sullivan, R.; Rubin, M.; Selkowitz, S.

1996-12-01

151

PERFORMANCE OF THE CEBAF PROTOTYPE CRYOMODULE RENASCENCE  

SciTech Connect

The prototype cryomodule Renascence was constructed as an energy building block for securing 6 GeV operation of CEBAF and to validate design elements for future CEBAF upgrade modules. These elements include the new HG and LL 7-cell cavity designs and a new tuner design.[1,2] Issues were identified during initial testing in 2005. The module has been reworked to address the issues with thermal stability, component breakage, and tuner motion. In addition, opportunity was taken to employ upgraded cleaning and assembly techniques for the cavity string. The HOM coupler heating issue was resolved, and seven of the eight cavities in the cryomodule have run stably at an average of 20 MV/m CW. The cryogenic, rf, and mechanical performance of the cryomodule are presented. Commissioning in CEBAF has just been completed in October 2007.

Charles Reece; Edward Daly; G. Davis; Michael Drury; William Hicks; Joseph Preble; Haipeng Wang

2008-02-12

152

Thorough Study of a Proposal to Improve the Thermal Behaviour of a Bioclimatic Building  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the ARFRISOL project is to reduce conventional energy consumption of office buildings by up to 80%. The construction of five Research and Demonstration Building Prototypes (RDBP) in different Spanish climatic zones is part of the project. One of these prototype buildings is to be built at the Plataforma Solar of Almeria (PSA), located in the Tabernas Desert.

Heras J

153

[The Japanese community in Argentina].  

PubMed

"Based on original survey data and census materials, the authors estimate the Japanese community in Argentina comprises about 10,000 native Japanese and some 40,000 ethnic Japanese born in Argentina. A complete picture is given of this community, including its evolution since the early arrivals around 1900. Data cover several aspects: demographic traits, socio-economic origin of immigrants, present employment structure, education, level of living, degree of acculturation in Argentina, intensity of connections with Japan, membership and participation in community organisations." (SUMMARY IN ENG) PMID:12342981

Maletta, H; Lepore, S

154

Artificial intelligence in electric power systems--A survey of the Japanese industry  

SciTech Connect

The major work on the theory and application of artificial intelligence (Al), which includes expert systems, is going on in the US, Europe and Japan. The Japanese electric utility industry, manufacturers, universities and the government have taken a focused goal-oriented approach in this regard. The author has studied the Japanese involvement in this field and visited eight Japanese R and D laboratories, where the Al and expert system related activities (in the power industry) is discussed. This paper provides a comprehensive look at the combined Japanese effort. The current topics of interest are: (1) Al and its application in power engineering; (2) problems in Al applications development and their solutions; (3) practical system examples; and (4) Al applications to power systems of the future. Out of the 97 papers cited in this paper, 10 were produced by electric utilities, 10 by manufacturers, 17 by universities and 60 were joint efforts. This shows the level and importance of joint collaborative research among the Japanese researchers. Even though they are working on many theoretical aspects of the Al technology including automated knowledge acquisition and verification, they still use significant amount of theoretical work done in the US for successful prototyping of Al based tools. It is, however, safe to say that the use of Al tools in the Japanese electric power industry is far more widespread than what is seen in the US or in Europe.

Rahman, S. (Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States))

1993-08-01

155

Preliminary report: rapid prototyping models for Dysplastic hip surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid prototyping (RP) is a technology used to produce physical models. The RP application is applied in the medical field\\u000a to build anatomy models from high resolution multiplanar data such as Computed tomography (CT). CT of a female patient diagnosed\\u000a with hip dysplasia was obtained prior to surgery. Specific software was used to prepare the physical model of the patient

R. Dhakshyani; Y. Nukman; N. A. Abu Osman; C. Vijay

2011-01-01

156

User-Centered Design Proposals for Prototyping Haptic User Interfaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

The range of applications for haptic user interfaces is wide, but although haptics offer unique qualities to user interfaces,\\u000a the rate of adoption and implementation of haptics in commercialized products is relatively low. The challenges of building\\u000a low-cost flexible prototypes with haptics in the early stages of product development are believed to be a contributing factor\\u000a to this. This paper

Hans V. Bjelland; Kristian Tangeland

2007-01-01

157

Japanese Encephalitis Virus Vaccine Inactivated  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Complete List of Vaccines Licensed for Immunization and Distribution in the US. -. Japanese Encephalitis Virus Vaccine Inactivated. -. JE-Vax. -. -. -. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/vaccines/approvedproducts

158

Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine, Inactivated, Adsorbed  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... Submission Type: Original Application Submission ID: 125280/0 Office: OVRR Product: Japanese Encephalitis Virus Vaccine Inactivated ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/biologicsbloodvaccines/vaccines

159

Replication of Japanese Encephalitis Virus.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Gene expression in the flavivirus Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) was studied by three different approaches. Virus-specific RNA in infected cells was radiolabeled in the presence of actinomycin D, and analyzed by sucrose gradient sedimentation and agaro...

C. D. Blair

1981-01-01

160

Fatal Outcome in Japanese Encephalitis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Forty-nine consecutive patients with laboratory-confirmed acute Japanese encephalitis were studied to identify risk factors present at hospital admission which were associated with a fatal outcome. Sixteen patients (33%) died. The following constellation ...

D. S. Burke W. Lorsomrudee C. J. Leake C. H. Hoke A. Nisalak

1985-01-01

161

Rapid prototyping - Parts without tools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rapid prototype (RP) development is growing quickly in the U.S. and Japan, with many of the systems being in beta-stage testing and all working from CAD drawings, but solidifying their parts in different ways. Aerospace companies are using the prototypes to review designs, to check form and fit, and as templates to make flyable aluminum or epoxy components. The process takes only 1/10th to 1/20th the time needed for conventional modeling and it can produce working prototypes and low-volume parts with no investment in hard tooling. To cut new product lead times, companies now using RP work on design, engineering, manufacturability, and ease of maintenance and fabrication simultaneously.

Brown, Alan S.

1991-08-01

162

New Vaccines for Japanese Encephalitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Epidemics of encephalitis occurring throughout much of Asia are caused by Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), a flavivirus\\u000a maintained in a zoonotic cycle and transmitted by the mosquito, Culex tritaeniorhynchus. Resident populations, including shortor long-term visitors to enzootic regions, are at risk for Japanese encephalitis (JE)\\u000a infection and disease. For the past several decades, effective killed viral vaccines prepared in tissue

Scott B. Halstead; Stephen J. Thomas

2010-01-01

163

JABEE in Japanese Engineering Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

JABEE in Japanese engineering education is discussed by focusing on the status and treatment of engineers in Japanese society and their achievements. The entrance fee and tuition of the engineering departments of higher education facilities are higher than those of the law, economy and literature departments. On the other hand, an engineer's lifelong wage is smaller than that of those who have graduated from the latter fields. Although engineering students must study for a longer period of time, the scholarship system to support these students in Japan falls far behind that in the U.S.A. The achievements of Japanese engineering were summarized from the viewpoint of economic indications such as 1) production of steel, 2) energy consumption per person as a function of GDP, 3) income 4) real estate abroad and miscellaneous factors such as the life spans and criminal rates of many countries. These analyses made it clear that Japanese engineers have the highest ability even compared to advanced countries and this is because of the higher engineering education in Japan ; but their status is unreasonably low in Japanese society. The four points by which the present status of Japanese engineers can be improved were discussed in relation to the introduction and the achievement of the JABEE system. The true aim of education reform by JABEE is that the engineering education in Japan should shift from government to non-government, from organization to individual and from control to interdependency. The expected points of improvement are discussed.

Takeda, Kunihiko; Ishikawa, Tomoyuki

164

Roof apertures in office buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

An investigation has been made of potential lighting electricity reductions and associated thermal impacts of replacing electric light with sunlight admitted through rooftop glazing on a single-story, prototypical office building. Experimental scale models have been used to determine the fraction of the solar radiation entering the aperture which reaches the work plane as useful illumination. This information is used in

M. Fontoynont; C. Conner; R. C. Kammerud; B. Anderson; F. Bauman; W. Carroll; T. C. Howard; A. Mertol; T. Webster

1983-01-01

165

Japanese Science and Technology Management Program (JSTMP) Final Technical Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Japanese Science and Technology Management Program designed a training program with four major components; i)Japanese language training, 2) education in Japanese business and social culture, 3)education on the inter- relationships between Japanese fam...

J. Wolff

1999-01-01

166

X-48B Prototype Assembly  

NASA Video Gallery

A timelapse video from 2006 of the assembly of the X-48B prototype wind tunnel model at NASA's Langley Research Center in Hampton, Va.Learn more about the X-48 blended wing body wind-tunnel and flight tests at http://www.nasa.gov/topics/aeronautics/features/bwb_main.html.

Robert Allen

2011-08-12

167

Profile invalidation approaching rapid prototyping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present a novel rapid prototyping (RP) approach and verifying its feasibility. This alternative solution is to bring several merits from both selective laser sintering and laminated object manufacturing. Design\\/methodology\\/approach The phenolic resin coated sand is used in this method. It could be cured at an appropriate temperature and be invalidated

Yang Tong; Yao Shan; Zeng Feng

2010-01-01

168

The Navy Prototype Optical Interferometer  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper announces the first closure phase measurements made with the Navy Prototype Optical Interferometer (NPOI) on stars. These are the first closure phase measurements made at optical wavelengths which exceed, by a factor of two to three, the resolution of the largest existing single optical telescope. The first observations were made on 1996 March 18 using three of the

J. A. Benson; D. J. Hutter; N. M. Elias II; P. Bowers; D. Mozurkewich; J. T. Armstrong; N. White; C. Hummel

1996-01-01

169

Rapid Prototyping Enters Mainstream Manufacturing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explains rapid prototyping, a process that uses computer-assisted design files to create a three-dimensional object automatically, speeding the industrial design process. Five commercially available systems and two emerging types--the 3-D printing process and repetitive masking and depositing--are described. (SK)|

Winek, Gary

1996-01-01

170

CULTURAL AWARENESS AND NEGOTIATION SKILLS TRAINING: EVALUATION OF A PROTOTYPE SEMI-IMMERSIVE SYSTEM  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effectiveness of BiLAT, a game-based prototype for training negotiation skills in an Iraqi cultural setting, was assessed. The prototype aims to train deliberate preparation behaviors, trust- and relationship-building strategies, and familiarity with relevant cultural expectations and norms. Training is supported by automated coaching (during simulated negotiation meetings) and interactive post-meeting recaps. Effectiveness was measured via scores on an independent

Paula J. Durlach; Timothy G. Wansbury; Jeffery G. Wilkinson

171

Homogamy and Intermarriage of Japanese and Japanese Americans with Whites Surrounding World War II  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although some sociologists have suggested that Japanese Americans quickly assimilated into mainstream America, scholars of Japanese America have highlighted the heightened exclusion that the group experienced. This study tracked historical shifts in the exclusion level of Japanese and Japanese Americans in the United States surrounding World War

Ono, Hiromi; Berg, Justin

2010-01-01

172

Design by composition for rapid prototyping  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Three dimensional Rapid Prototyping processes, also called Layered Manufacturing or Solid Freeform Fabrication (SFF), promise designers the ability to automatically fabricate complex shapes. SFF processes were invented with the assumption that designers would submit complete part models for automated planning and manufacturing. This planning process is normally based on some form of "decomposition," for example slicing into layers. Especially for newer, more complex SFF processes, there are several disadvantages to this approach, primarily that decomposition is difficult and doesn't reliably produce good process plans. Furthermore, it is hard for the designer to get feedback on the manufacturability of his design, and today's decomposition systems are not fully automated. This dissertation presents an alternative approach, "design by composition," where users build designs from "primitives" that include high-level manufacturing plans. When the user combines two primitives with a Boolean operation, software will automatically generate a manufacturing plan for the new design from the plans for the source primitives. In contrast to the decomposition method, design by composition offers several benefits to designers, primarily access to manufacturability feedback during design-time, a greater degree of automation, the ability to create designs with embedded components (such as sensors, electronic circuits, bearings, and shafts), and enhanced control over manufacturing plans. These advantages make design by composition a more attractive approach to SFF processing, especially for designers who are new to these techniques. This dissertation presents scalable, robust algorithms for the implementation of design by composition, and describes a prototype implementation and sample parts which were designed with it.

Binnard, Michael Birk

173

Directory of Japanese Technical Resources, 1987.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The directory has been prepared in response to the Japanese Technical Literature Act which requires the Secretary of Commerce to establish and maintain a program to improve the availability of Japanese science and engineering literature in the United Stat...

1987-01-01

174

Rapid Prototyping of Application Specific Processors.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis defines a methodology for rapid prototyping custom VLSI processor. The rapid prototyping methodology is based upon the specification of a general purpose architecture customized via microcode to solve unique applications. Since processing requ...

M. Gallagher

1987-01-01

175

Configuration Databases in the ATLAS DAQ Prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

A prototype of the ATLAS Prototype-1 DAQ Configuration Databases, based on per- sistent object managers, has been developed. We give here some details of the architecture, implementation and test results. Conclusions and plans for the further work are presented.

R. Jones; I. Soloviev

176

Testing of a Reporting System Prototype.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents results from development and testing of a reporting system prototype on an offshore installation. The prototype was primarily aimed at transferring information between control room operators. Users and user needs for information are pr...

O. Ingstad L. Bodsberg J. Vatn

1990-01-01

177

Barkley Lock Prototype Tests, Cumberland River, Kentucky.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents data obtained during prototype tests concerned with the performance of the 110- by 800-ft lock at Barkley Lock and Dam project, Cumberland River, Kentucky. Prototype measurements are continuous records of the following: (a) pressures ...

F. M. Neilson

1975-01-01

178

Rapid prototyping gains speed, volume and precision  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identifies trends in the rapid prototyping market worldwide, reports on new rapid prototyping techniques, reviews the latest developments in 3D printers, highlights new metal spraying and direct metal deposition processes.

Anna Kochan

2000-01-01

179

Increasing Social Capital for Disaster Response through Social Networking Services (SNS) in Japanese Local Governments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers have argued that social networks within a community have positive effects on people's behavior in the four stages of disaster. The Japanese government is testing Social Networking Service (SNS) at the municipal level with the intention to improve community building, democratic processes and disaster management. This paper presents results from two case studies of local SNS in Yatsushiro city,

Alexander R. M. Schellong; J. W. Goethe

180

A Rising Sun Shines on American Training. Schools Help Prepare the American Workers Japanese Manufacturers Need.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes how local vocational schools and community colleges can play a key role in building a strong partnership between Japanese manufacturers and their U.S. workers. Kellogg Community College's (Michigan) partnership with Nippondenso and the Ohio Industrial Training Program's work with Honda of America are profiled. (JOW)|

Benanzer, Elizabeth; And Others

1991-01-01

181

Political Hazards, Experience and Sequential Entry Strategies: The International Expansion of Japanese Firms, 1980-1998  

Microsoft Academic Search

We find support for the role of experiential learning in the international expansion process by extending the stages model of internationalization to incorporate a sophisticated consideration of temporal and cross-national variation in the credibility of the policy environment. Using a sample of 3857 international expansions of 665 Japanese manufacturing firms, we build on the concepts of uncertainty and experiential learning,

Andrew Delios; Witold J. Henisz

2002-01-01

182

Government 2.0 : An exploratory study of social networking services in Japanese local government  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose Researchers have argued that social networks within a community have positive effects on people's behavior in disasters. The Japanese government is testing online SNS at the municipal level with the intention to improve community building, democratic processes, and disaster management. This paper seeks to explore the use of social networking services (SNSs) in government and disaster in Japan.

Alexander R. M. Schellong

2008-01-01

183

Leadership prototypes: a Russian perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose The aim of this research is to study leadership prototypes of Russian employees, which are dependent on their gender, organizational position and age. Design\\/methodology\\/approach As a research method a cross-sectional survey was employed where 223 employees of Russian middle-sized company were interviewed. Instruments included a questionnaire containing 21 leadership dimensions adopted from the global leadership and organisational

Alla Elkaterina Omeltchenka; Andrew Armitage

2006-01-01

184

The Cornell ERL prototype project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Synchrotron light sources based on Energy Recovery Linacs (ERLs) show promise to deliver X-ray beams with both brilliance and X-ray pulse duration far superior to the values that can be achieved with storage ring technology. Cornell University, in collaboration with Jefferson Laboratory, has proposed the construction of a prototype ERL. This 100MeV, 100mA CW superconducting electron accelerator will be used

G. H. Hoffstaetter; B. Barstow; Ivan Bazarov; Sergey Belomestnykh; Don Bilderback; Sol Gruner; M. Liepe; H. Padamsee; D. Sagan; V. Shemelin; C. Sinclair; Richard Talman; Maury Tigner; V. Veshcherevich; Geoffrey Krafft; L. Merminga

2003-01-01

185

Intercultural Communication Problems in Japanese Multinationals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many large Japanese-owned multinational corporations have established successful subsidiaries in the United States, but distinct ethnic and cultural differences have caused communication problems between Japanese managers and American laborers and business people. Many top executives of the Japanese subsidiaries are sent to the United States on a

Nishiyama, Kazuo

186

Japanese Occupation And Malayan Literary Works  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a preliminary observation of some of the impacts of the Japanese Occupation in Malayan literature, based on the poems, short stories and novels available at the time writing this paper. It begins with the warm welcome from the Malays, but great fears from the Chinese to the Japanese Occupation force. . The Malays saw the arrival of Japanese

Ding Choo Ming

2006-01-01

187

Japanese/Korean Linguistics, Volume 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collection of research in Japanese and Korean linguistics includes: "Repetition, Reformulation, and Definitions: Prosodic Indexes of Elaboration in Japanese" (Mieko Banno); "Projection of Talk Using Language, Intonation, Deictic and Iconic Gestures and Other Body Movements" (Keiko Emmett); "Turn-taking in Japanese Political Debate: Syntax,

Silva, David J., Ed.

188

Gender and Language in Japanese Preschool Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the relation between gender and language use in Japanese preschool children. Gender-based differences in Japanese include phonological, lexical, and morphosyntactical differences, as well as differences in conversational style. Data come from monthly naturalistic observations of 24 monolingual Japanese boys and girls engaged in same-sex

Nakamura, Keiko

2001-01-01

189

RESEARCH IN JAPANESE SOURCES--A GUIDE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A BEGINNER'S GUIDE HAS BEEN PREPARED FOR THE SUBJECT OF JAPANESE BIBLIOGRAPHIES. IT WAS DESIGNED FOR THREE KINDS OF USERS--(1) THE STUDENT IN SOME DISCIPLINE OF THE HUMANITIES WHO WISHES TO CONDUCT RESEARCH ON JAPAN AND MAKE USE OF JAPANESE LANGUAGE MATERIALS, (2) THE STUDENT OR LIBRARIAN WHO KNOWS NO JAPANESE BUT WISHES INFORMATION ABOUT JAPAN,

RYAN, MARLEIGH; WEBB, HERSCHEL

190

A prototype photovoltaic/thermal system integrated with transpired collector  

SciTech Connect

Building-integrated photovoltaic/thermal (BIPV/T) systems may be utilized to produce useful heat while simultaneously generating electricity from the same building envelope surface. A well known highly efficient collector is the open-loop unglazed transpired collector (UTC) which consists of dark porous cladding through which outdoor air is drawn and heated by absorbed solar radiation. Commercially available photovoltaic systems typically produce electricity with efficiencies up to about 18%. Thus, it is beneficial to obtain much of the normally wasted heat from the systems, possibly by combining UTC with photovoltaics. Combination of BIPV/T and UTC systems for building facades is considered in this paper - specifically, the design of a prototype facade-integrated photovoltaic/thermal system with transpired collector (BIPV/T). A full scale prototype is constructed with 70% of UTC area covered with PV modules specially designed to enhance heat recovery and compared to a UTC of the same area under outdoor sunny conditions with low wind. The orientation of the corrugations in the UTC is horizontal and the black-framed modules are attached so as to facilitate flow into the UTC plenum. While the overall combined thermal efficiency of the UTC is higher than that of the BIPV/T system, the value of the generated energy - assuming that electricity is at least four times more valuable than heat - is between 7% and 17% higher. Also, the electricity is always useful while the heat is usually utilized only in the heating season. The BIPV/T concept is applied to a full scale office building demonstration project in Montreal, Canada. The ratio of photovoltaic area coverage of the UTC may be selected based on the fresh air heating needs of the building, the value of the electricity generated and the available building surfaces. (author)

Athienitis, Andreas K.; Bambara, James; O'Neill, Brendan; Faille, Jonathan [Dept. of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Concordia University, 1455 Maisonneuve W., Montreal, Quebec (Canada)

2011-01-15

191

Infrared eye: an operational prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new concept of surveillance system called Wide Area Coverage Infrared Surveillance System (WACISS), based on the human vision, was developed and a first laboratory prototype was demonstrated recently. A second prototype, more operational, is named the Infrared Eye is being built and will be tested in cooperation with the NRCC Flight Research Laboratory. The Infrared Eye will use the new pixel-less quantum well infrared photodetector sensors, coupled to light emitting diodes (QWIP/LED), currently being developed at NRCC Institute for Microstructural Science under DREV sponsorship. The multiple advantages of the pixel-less QWIP/LED over conventional sensors will considerably simplify the design of the system. As the WACISS, the IR Eye will integrate two cameras: the first, with a wide field-of- view, will be used for detection while the second camera, with a narrower field with higher resolution for identification, will be mobile within the WFOV and slaved to the operator's line-of-sight by means of an eye-tracking system. The images from both cameras will be fused and shown simultaneously on a standard high resolution CRT display unit, interfaced with the eye-tracking unit. The basic concepts pertaining to the project and the design constraints of this second prototype are presented.

Chevrette, Paul C.; Fortin, Jean; St-Germain, Daniel; Delisle, Jean

1998-09-01

192

Results from the NEXT prototypes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NEXT-100 is an electroluminescent high pressure Time Projection Chamber currently under construction. It will search for the neutrino-less double beta decay in 136Xe at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory. NEXT-100 aims to achieve nearly intrinsic energy resolution and to highly suppress background events by taking advantage of the unique properties of xenon in the gaseous phase as the detection medium. In order to prove the principle of operation and to study which are the best operational conditions, two prototypes were constructed: NEXT-DEMO and NEXT-DBDM. In this paper we present the latest results from both prototypes. We report the improvement in terms of light collection (~ 3) achieved by coating the walls of NEXT-DEMO with tetraphenyl butadiene (TPB), the outstanding energy resolution of 1 % (Full Width Half Maximum) from NEXT-DBDM as well as the tracking capabilities of this prototype (2.1 mm RMS error for point-like depositions) achieved by using a square array of 8 8 SiPMs.

Oliveira, C. A. B.; NEXT Collaboration

2013-10-01

193

Rapid Prototyping of Novel Piezoelectric Composites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Piezoelectric ceramic-polymer composites have been conceptualized, prototyped, fabricated by rapid prototyping in order to surpass those fabricated with traditional processing methods in novelty as well as performance. Rapid prototyping offers unmatched design and fabrication flexibility in achieving structural complexity and hierarchy in developing piezoelectric composites. A detailed account of all salient aspects of Fused Deposition of Ceramics (FDC) and Fused

A. Safari; E. K. Akdogan

2006-01-01

194

Coding system for rapid prototyping industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the classification and coding system developed for the rapid prototyping (RP) industry. Design\\/methodology\\/approach The similarities among RP part geometries and processes are identified and related for the development of rapid prototyping coding system (RPCS). Findings RPCS forms a base for developing prototyping philosophy to take advantage of parts

Dilip Ingole; Abhaykumar Kuthe; Tushar Deshmukh; Satish Bansod

2008-01-01

195

Machine concept to produce micro prototypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. Rapid prototyping (RP) technologies are used to produce design models, functional models or even a small set of technical prototypes in a very short time. Such prototypes help to reduce a product's time-to-market period. Some important industries, such as the automotive or the consumables industry, have already exploited this new technology, whereas the growing micro technology

H. K. Tonshoff; A. Ostendorf; K. Korber; A. Beil

2000-01-01

196

Using building energy simulation and geospatial modeling techniques to determine high resolution building sector energy consumption profiles  

Microsoft Academic Search

A technique is presented for estimating hourly and seasonal energy consumption profiles in the building sector at spatial scales down to the individual taxlot or parcel. The method combines annual building energy simulations for city-specific prototypical buildings and commonly available geospatial data in a Geographical Information System (GIS) framework. Hourly results can be extracted for any day and exported as

Shem Heiple; David J. Sailor

2008-01-01

197

The Impact of Variations in Building Parameters and Operating Conditions on Commercial Building Energy Use and Load Shapes Simplified Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessments of the applicability of equipment or the benefits of conservation measures within a building sector are frequent done using energy simulations of prototypical buildings with average physical and operational characteristics. Because of the large variations in size, hours of operations, energy-use intensity, and fuel-electric ratios even among buildings of the same type, vintage, and location, such an analysis risks

Yu Joe Huang; James W. Hanford; Mike Piraino

198

Other Japanese Educations and Japanese Education Otherwise. Review Essay  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Education in the United States was in a state of "crisis" at the time of the 1983 release of "A Nation at Risk," the landmark report on the US education reform. This was the time when the rising Japanese economy started threatening the post-war US economic dominance and conservative figures such as Ronald Reagan gained popular support. Subsequent

Takayama, Keita

2011-01-01

199

Japanese Enough? A Korean's Journey to Japanese Identity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes one Japanese woman's reflections of the personal struggle fought by a Korean woman living in Japan. Other countries are thought of as being monocultural or monoethnic societies, in contrast to the United States' cultural melting pot. Multicultural education should examine the existence of multiculturalism in other countries, not just

McCrann, Takako Ota

1998-01-01

200

The people-prototype problem: understanding the interaction between prototype format and user group  

Microsoft Academic Search

When gathering feedback about an envisioned system, prototypes communicate design ideas to user groups. However, it is unclear how user responses are affected by prototype format. We conducted a 2x2 quasi-experiment (video \\/storyboard format x older and younger user groups) to test for an interaction between prototype format and user group. We found a significant interaction between prototype format and

Katherine M. Sellen; Micheal A. Massimi; Danielle M. Lottridge; Khai N. Truong; Sean A. Bittle

2009-01-01

201

Teaching Japanese-American Incarceration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Few events in American history are so universally deplored as the incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II. The United States government has acknowledged the error and the injustice that resulted with an official Presidential apology and a Congressional disbursement of reparations to the victims of the incarceration policy. The

Miksch, Karen L.; Ghere, David

2004-01-01

202

Japanese geopolitics and its background  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japanese geopolitics of the imperialistic era has been severely criticized in post-war Japan. However, it is an undeniable fact that many intellectuals, including those critical of the past, were closely linked to such questionable geopolitics. This inconsistency is somewhat attenuated by the recognition that the attitudes of these intellectuals towards geopolitics were for the most part negative when it began

Yoriko Fukushima

1997-01-01

203

Japanese nationalism and geographical thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been simultaneous emergence in many countries of the world of political disputes over aspects of national history in the 1990s. Geographical knowledge has political implications. Hence it is concerned with the formation of national identity as well as historical knowledge. This paper examines the relationships between Japanese modernisation and geographical thought, the characteristics of school textbooks and geopolitics

Akihiko Takagi

1998-01-01

204

Moral Development of Japanese Kindergartners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews were conducted with 28 kindergartners, their teachers, and their director to examine Japanese children's moral development. Qualitative analysis of interviews revealed three themes related to moral development: social system morality, emotions, and responsibility. Children made moral decisions based on social system morality

Taylor, Satomi Izumi; Ogawa, Tetsuya; Wilson, Jeanne

2002-01-01

205

Japanese Sentence Analysis as Argumentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes that sentence analysis should be treated as defeasible reasoning, and presents such a treatment for Japanese sentence analyses using an argumentation system by Konolige, which is a formalization of defeasible reasoning, that includes arguments and defeat rules that capture defeasibility.

Akira Shimazu

1990-01-01

206

Japanese utilities` plutonium utilization program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japan`s 10 utility companies are working and will continue to work towards establishing a fully closed nuclear fuel cycle. The key goals of which are: (1) reprocessing spent fuel; (2) recycling recovered uranium and plutonium; and (3) commercializing fast breeder technology by around the year 2030. This course of action by the Japanese electric power industry is in full accordance

Matsuo; Yuichiro

1996-01-01

207

A Japanese language speech database  

Microsoft Academic Search

A database of spoken Japanese sound has been collected for use in designing and evaluating algorithms for automatic speech recognition. The database is composed of 323 words. It is a special feature of this database that all samples are uttered four times by each speaker (i. e. four tokens per word). Seventy-five male and 75 female data are collected at

S. Itahashi

1986-01-01

208

Recent Advances in Japanese Encephalitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japanese encephalitis (JE), the most important cause of epidemic encephalitis worldwide, is confined to Asia, but its geographical area is spreading. West Nile virus, and other closely related flaviviruses, cause similar disease elsewhere. Recent cryoelectron microscopic studies have characterized the flavivirus en- velope protein as a new class of viral fusion protein (class II), and examined its arrangement on the

Tom Solomon

2003-01-01

209

An airborne icing characterization probe: nephelometer prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aeronautical industry uses airborne probes to characterize icing conditions for flight certification purposes by counting and sizing cloud droplets. Existing probes have been developed for meteorologists in order to study cloud microphysics. They are used on specific aircraft, instrumented for this type of study, but are not adapted for an industrial flight test environment. The development by Airbus of a new probe giving a real time response for particle sizes between 10 and 500 m, adapted to operational requirements, is in progress. An optical principle by coherent shadowgraphy with a low coherency point source is used for the application. The size of the droplets is measured from their shadows on a CCD. A pulsed laser coupled to a fast camera freezes the movement. Usually, image processing rejects out-of-focus objects. Here, particles far from the focal plane can be sized because of the large depth of field due to the point source. The technique used increases the depth of field and the sampled volume is enough to build a histogram even for low droplet concentrations. Image processing is done in real time and results are provided to the flight test engineer. All data and images are recorded in order to allow on-ground complementary analysis if necessary. A non-telescopic prototype has been tested in a wind tunnel and in flight. The definitive probe being retractable is designed to be easily installed through a dummy window. Retracted, it will allow the aircraft to fly at VMO (maximum operating limit speed).

Roques, S.

2007-10-01

210

Performance of porous ceramic evaporators for building cooling application  

Microsoft Academic Search

An experimental investigation of porous ceramic evaporators for building cooling has been carried out. Prototypes, classified as low, medium and high porosity prototypes in direct evaporative cooling mode were placed in an experimental duct within an environmental chamber. Performance was measured under different conditions of dry bulb temperature (DBT), relative humidity (RH), supply water pressure, and layout within the duct.

Elfatih Ibrahim; Li Shao; Saffa B Riffat

2003-01-01

211

Performance of the SLD Warm Iron Calorimeter pre-prototype  

SciTech Connect

The performance of a pre-prototype of the SLD Warm Iron Calorimeter (WIC) build with proportional tube cathode pad readout has been studied. The calorimeter was found to have an average resolution of 36.7 +- 0.2% for muons at 2.0, 5.0 and 10.5 GeV and 81 +- 2%/..sqrt..E for pion showers at 5.0 and 10.5 GeV. The mean energy found for the pion showers was consistent with a linear dependence on energy within these standard deviations. 4 refs., 6 figs., 3 tabs.

Johnson, A.S.; Busza, W.; Friedman, J.; Kendall, H.; Kistiakowsky, V.; Lyons, T.; Osborne, L.S.; Rosenson, L.; Verdier, R.; Carumbalis, D.

1985-10-01

212

Performance of the SLD Warm Iron Calorimeter pre-prototype  

SciTech Connect

The performance of a pre-prototype of the SLD Warm Iron Calorimeter (WIC) build with proportional tube cathode pad readout has been studied. The calorimeter was found to have an average resolution of 36.7 +- 0.2% for muons at 2.0, 5.0 and 10.5 GeV and 81 +- 2% ..sqrt..EPSILON for pion showers at 5.0 and 10.5 GeV. The mean energy found for the pion showers was consistent with a linear dependance on energy within these standard deviations.

Johnson, A.S.; Busza, W.; Friedman, J.; Kendall, H.; Kistiakowsky, V.; Lyons, T.; Osborne, L.S.; Rosenson, L.; Verdier, R.; Carumbalis, D.

1986-02-01

213

Pair-List Readings in Korean-Japanese, Chinese-Japanese and English-Japanese Interlanguage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In English and Chinese, questions with a "wh"-object and a universally quantified subject (e.g. "What did everyone buy?") allow an individual answer ("Everyone bought apples.") and a pair-list answer ("Sam bought apples, Jo bought bananas, Sally bought..."). By contrast, the pair-list answer is reportedly unavailable in Japanese and Korean. This

Marsden, Heather

2008-01-01

214

Japanese suppliers in transition from domestic nuclear reactor vendors to international suppliers  

SciTech Connect

Japan is emerging as a major leader and exporter of nuclear power technology. In the 1990s, Japan has the largest and strongest nuclear power supply industry worldwide as a result of the largest domestic nuclear power plant construction program. The Japanese nuclear power supply industry has moved from dependence on foreign technology to developing, design, building, and operating its own power plants. This report describes the Japanese nuclear power supply industry and examines one supplier--the Mitsubishi group--to develop an understanding of the supply industry and its relationship to the utilities, government, and other organizations.

Forsberg, C.W.; Reich, W.J.; Rowan, W.J.

1994-06-27

215

Prototype casting fabrication by stereolithography  

SciTech Connect

The evolution of the new technology of producing CAD models by ultraviolet solidification of resin materials ( STEREOLITHOGRAPHY'') continues to progress. The potential application area of rigid fabrication of prototype investment castings is becoming more feasible as we continue to successfully yield experimental castings by the SHELL'' processing method. This supplemental (to 11/90 publication) report briefly reviews the original project objectives, activities related to these objectives since November 1990, and progress made through December 1991. We discuss several new case studies involving new resin materials (and other materials) tested along with investment casting processing results. The most recent success, the processing of the highly complex C'' HOUSING design by the shell'' mold process in both aluminum and steel, will be discussed. This is considered a major breakthrough toward establishing this new technology as a viable approach to the rapid development of prototype investment castings, employing the most common aerospace (precision) cast process. Our future planning calls for expanding the study to help the investment casting industry in refining related processing techniques and to continue our evaluation of new resins suitable for the casting process. Present project planning calls for the completion of this study by the third quarter FY93 or sooner. We believe that with the continued excellent cooperation of our casting supplier study team and an accelerated effort by resin materials producers to further refine related materials, we can achieve all objectives during the planned time frame.

Cromwell, W.E.

1992-03-01

216

Prototype casting fabrication by stereolithography  

SciTech Connect

The evolution of the new technology of producing CAD models by ultraviolet solidification of resin materials (``STEREOLITHOGRAPHY``) continues to progress. The potential application area of rigid fabrication of prototype investment castings is becoming more feasible as we continue to successfully yield experimental castings by the ``SHELL`` processing method. This supplemental (to 11/90 publication) report briefly reviews the original project objectives, activities related to these objectives since November 1990, and progress made through December 1991. We discuss several new case studies involving new resin materials (and other materials) tested along with investment casting processing results. The most recent success, the processing of the highly complex ``C`` HOUSING design by the ``shell`` mold process in both aluminum and steel, will be discussed. This is considered a major breakthrough toward establishing this new technology as a viable approach to the rapid development of prototype investment castings, employing the most common aerospace (precision) cast process. Our future planning calls for expanding the study to help the investment casting industry in refining related processing techniques and to continue our evaluation of new resins suitable for the casting process. Present project planning calls for the completion of this study by the third quarter FY93 or sooner. We believe that with the continued excellent cooperation of our casting supplier study team and an accelerated effort by resin materials producers to further refine related materials, we can achieve all objectives during the planned time frame.

Cromwell, W.E.

1992-03-01

217

CALIFA Barrel prototype detector characterisation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Well established in the field of scintillator detection, Caesium Iodide remains at the forefront of scintillators for use in modern calorimeters. Recent developments in photosensor technology have lead to the production of Large Area Avalanche Photo Diodes (LAAPDs), a huge advancement on traditional photosensors in terms of high internal gain, dynamic range, magnetic field insensitivity, high quantum efficiency and fast recovery time. The R3B physics programme has a number of requirements for its calorimeter, one of the most challenging being the dual functionality as both a calorimeter and a spectrometer. This involves the simultaneous detection of 300MeV protons and gamma rays ranging from 0.1 to 20 MeV. This scintillator photosensor coupling provides an excellent solution in this capacity, in part due to the near perfect match of the LAAPD quantum efficiency peak to the light output wavelength of CsI(Tl). Modern detector development is guided by use of Monte Carlo simulations to predict detector performance, nonetheless it is essential to benchmark these simulations against real data taken with prototype detector arrays. Here follows an account of the performance of two such prototypes representing different polar regions of the Barrel section of the forthcoming CALIFA calorimeter. Measurements were taken for gammaray energies up to 15.1 MeV (Maier-Leibnitz Laboratory, Garching, Germany) and for direct irradiation with a 180 MeV proton beam (The Svedberg Laboratoriet, Uppsala, Sweden). Results are discussed in light of complementary GEANT4 simulations.

Pietras, B.; Gascn, M.; lvarez-Pol, H.; Bendel, M.; Bloch, T.; Casarejos, E.; Cortina-Gil, D.; Durn, I.; Fiori, E.; Gernhuser, R.; Gonzlez, D.; Krll, T.; Le Bleis, T.; Montes, N.; Ncher, E.; Robles, M.; Perea, A.; Viln, J. A.; Winkel, M.

2013-11-01

218

Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Prototype Demonstration for Consumer Electronics Applications  

SciTech Connect

This report is the final technical report for DOE Program DE-FC36-04GO14301 titled Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Prototype Demonstration for Consumer Electronics Applications. Due to the public nature of this report some of the content reported in confidential reports and meetings to the DOE is not covered in detail in this report and some of the content has been normalized to not show actual values. There is a comparison of the projects accomplishments with the objectives, an overview of some of the key subsystem work, and a review of the three levels of prototypes demonstrated during the program. There is also a description of the eventual commercial product and market this work is leading towards. The work completed under this program has significantly increased the understanding of how Direct Methanol Fuel Cells (DMFC) can be deployed successfully to power consumer electronic devices. The prototype testing has demonstrated the benefits a direct methanol fuel cell system has over batteries typically used for powering consumer electronic devices. Three generations of prototypes have been developed and tested for performance, robustness and life. The technologies researched and utilized in the fuel cell stack and related subsystems for these prototypes are leveraged from advances in other industries such as the hydrogen fueled PEM fuel cell industry. The work under this program advanced the state of the art of direct methanol fuel cells. The system developed by MTI micro fuel cells aided by this program differs significantly from conventional DMFC designs and offers compelling advantages in the areas of performance, life, size, and simplicity. The program has progressed as planned resulting in the completion of the scope of work and available funding in December 2008. All 18 of the final P3 prototypes builds have been tested and the results showed significant improvements over P2 prototypes in build yield, initial performance, and durability. The systems have demonstrated robust operation when tested at various orientations, temperatures, and humidity levels. Durability testing has progressed significantly over the course of the program. MEA, engine, and system level steady state testing has demonstrated degradation rates acceptable for initial product introduction. Test duration of over 5000 hrs has been achieved at both the MEA and breadboard system level. P3 level prototype life testing on engines (stacks with reactant conditioning) showed degradation rates comparable to carefully constructed lab fixtures. This was a major improvement over the P2 and P1 engine designs, which exhibited substantial reductions in life and performance between the lab cell and the actual engine. Over the course of the work on the P3 technology set, a platform approach was taken to the system design. By working in this direction, a number of product iterations with substantial market potential were identified. Although the main effort has been the development of a prototype charger for consumer electronic devices, multiple other product concepts were developed during the program showing the wide variety of potential applications.

Carlstrom, Charles, M., Jr.

2009-07-07

219

Assessment of Distributed Generation Potential in Japanese Buildings.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To meet growing energy demands, energy efficiency, renewable energy, and on-site generation coupled with effective utilization of exhaust heat will all be required. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into dist...

N. Zhou C. Marnay R. Firestone W. Gao M. Nishida

2005-01-01

220

Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with Thermal Mass in California  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the potential impact of demand response (DR) strategies in commercial buildings in California based on the Demand Response Quick Assessment Tool (DRQAT), which uses EnergyPlus simulation prototypes for office and retail buildings. The study describes the potential impact of building size, thermal mass, climate, and DR strategies on demand savings in commercial buildings. Sensitivity analyses are

Rongxin Yin; Sila Kiliccote; Mary Ann Piette; Kristen Parrish

2010-01-01

221

High efficiency radioisotope thermophotovoltaic prototype generator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A radioisotope thermophotovoltaic generator space power system (RTPV) is lightweight, low-cost alternative to the present radioisotope thermoelectric generator system (RTG). The fabrication of such an RTPV generator has recently become feasible as the result of the invention of the GaSb infrared sensitive photovoltaic cell. Herein, we present the results of a parametric study of emitters and optical filters in conjuction with existing data on gallium antimonide cells. We compare a polished tungsten emitter with an Erbia selective emitter for use in combination with a simple dielectric filter and a gallium antimonide cell array. We find that the polished tungsten emitter is by itself a very selective emitter with low emissivity beyond 4 microns. Given a gallium antimonide cell and a tungsten emitter, a simple dielectric filter can be designed to transmit radiant energy below 1.7 microns and to reflect radiant energy between 1.7 and 4 microns back to the emitter. Because of the low long wavelength emissivity associated with the polished tungsten emitter, this simple dielectric filter then yields very respectable system performance. Also as a result of the longer wavelength fall-off in the tungsten emissivity curve, the radiation energy peak for a polished tungsten emitter operating at 1300 K shifts to shorter wavelengths relative to the blackbody spectrum so that the radiated energy peak falls right at the gallium antimonide cell bandedge. The result is that the response of the gallium antimonide cell is well matched to a polished tungsten emitter. We propose, therefore, to fabricate an operating prototype of a near term radioisotope thermophotovoltaic generator design consisting of a polished tungsten emitter, standard gallium antimonide cells, and a near-term dielectric filter. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory will design and build the thermal cavity, and JX Crystals will fabricate the gallium antimonide cells, dielectric filters, and resultant receiver panels. With 250 Watts of heat input, we expect this prototype to produce over 300 Watts of electrical energy output for a system energy conversion efficiency of over 12%. This low risk, near term design provides advances relative to present radioisotope thermophotovoltaic generators and has the additional advantage of allowing component and system development and testing to begin immediately. Improved cells and filters can easily be incorporated in this baseline system if they should become available in the future.

Avery, James E.; Samaras, John E.; Fraas, Lewis M.; Ewell, Richard

1995-10-01

222

Learners' Level of Understanding of the Inclusion Relations of Quadrilaterals and prototype Phenomenon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on data from investigations on learners' understanding of inclusion relations of quadrilaterals, building on the ideas from our earlier study (Fujita & Jones, 2007). By synthesising past and current theories in the teaching of geometry (van Hiele's model, figural concepts, prototype phenomenon, etc.), we propose a theoretical

Fujita, Taro

2012-01-01

223

Development and evaluation of an automated prototype for the fertigation management in a closed system  

Microsoft Academic Search

In France, in order to prevent imbalances and accumulation of nutrients in the plant root zone, most of the soilless crops in glasshouses are cultivated in open drainage systems, which leads to water and fertilizer losses. The goal of the EU project CLOSYS (CLOsed SYStem for water and nutrient management) was to build a prototype which delivers water and nutrients

E. Brajeul; E. Maillard; L. F. M. Marcelis; Visser de P. H. B; A. Elings; A. Lecomte; M. Tchamitchian

2006-01-01

224

Mission computer replacement prototype for Special Operations Forces aircraft: an application of commercial technology to avionics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attempts to improve the reliability and maintainability of Special Operations Forces (SOF) fixed wing aircraft avionics by developing the mission computer replacement prototype (MCRP), are described. The purpose of the MCRP is to design, build, and demonstrate a replacement mission computer that is applicable across SOF aircraft. Our goal is to develop an open architecture mission computer based on industry

H. Lowery; B. Mitchell

2000-01-01

225

Design and fabrication of the prototype superconducting quadrupole for the CERN LHC project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the framework of the LHC (Large Hadron Collider) R&D program, CERN and CEA\\/Saclay have established a collaboration to carry out the design, building and testing of a superconducting LHC prototype quadrupole at the Saclay laboratory. The cold mass of this quadrupole is presently under construction at Saclay. The quadrupole design features a twin aperture configuration, a gradient of 250

J. M. Baze; D. Cacaut; M. Chapman; J. P. Jacquemin; C. Lyraud; C. Michez; Y. Pabot; J. Perot; J. M. Rifflet; J. C. Toussaint; P. Vedrine; R. Perin; N. Siegel; T. Tortschanoff

1992-01-01

226

Learners' Level of Understanding of the Inclusion Relations of Quadrilaterals and prototype Phenomenon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on data from investigations on learners' understanding of inclusion relations of quadrilaterals, building on the ideas from our earlier study (Fujita & Jones, 2007). By synthesising past and current theories in the teaching of geometry (van Hiele's model, figural concepts, prototype phenomenon, etc.), we propose a theoretical

Fujita, Taro

2012-01-01

227

Arkose: A Prototype Mechanism and Tool for Collaborative Information Generation and Distillation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goals of this thesis have been to gain a better understanding of collaborative knowledge sharing and distilling and to build a prototype collaborative system that supports flexible knowledge generation and distillation. To reach these goals, I have conducted two user studies and built two systems. The first system, Arkose 1.0, is a

Nam, Kevin Kyung

2010-01-01

228

PowerCore{trademark}, NiMH production prototype for portable electronics. Quarterly report R02  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to build a production prototype of Power Core structural battery for applications as a hard case for portable electronic devices. The reports summarizes the work completed since the last report. It briefly describes the problems that were experienced. It also gives details of progress versus statement of work task definitions.

Lyman, P.C.

1998-01-30

229

A Conceptual Model of Cultural Predictors of Anxiety among Japanese American and Part-Japanese American Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Develops and assesses a model integrating Japanese ethnicity, cultural identity, and anxiety in Japanese American and part-Japanese American high school seniors. Japanese American adolescents scored higher on the scale and reported fewer anxiety symptoms than part-Japanese American adolescents. The model had a good overall fit, suggesting that

Williams, John Kino Yamaguchi; Goebert, Deborah; Hishinuma, Earl; Miyamoto, Robin; Anzai, Neal; Izutsu, Satoru; Yanagida, Evelyn; Nishimura, Stephanie; Andrade, Naleen; Baker, F. M.

2002-01-01

230

Evolutionary Computer Aided Prototyping System (CAPS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes a distributed development environment, called CAPS (Computer-Aided Prototyping System), to support rapid prototyping and automatic generation of source code based on designer specifications in an evolutionary software development process. The CAPS system uses a fifth-generation prototyping language to model the communication structure, timing constraints, I\\/O control and data buffering that comprise the requirements for an embedded software system. The

Luqi; Valdis Berzins; M. Shing; R. Riehle; J. Nogueira

2000-01-01

231

Rendering for machine vision prototyping  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Machine Vision systems for manufacturing quality inspection are interdisciplinary solutions including lighting, optics, cameras, image processing, segmentation, feature analysis, classification as well as integration with manufacturing process. The design and optimization of the above systems, especially image acquisition setup is mainly driven by experiment. This requires deep know-how and well equipped laboratory, which does not guarantee the optimal development process and results. This paper proposes novel usage of rendering, originating from 3D computer graphics, for machine vision prototyping and optimization. The invented technique and physically-based rendering aids selection or optimization of luminaires, tolerancing of mechanical construction and object handling, robustness predetermination or surface flaw simulation. The rendering setup utilizes mesh modeling, bump and normal mapping and light distribution sharpening with IES data files. The performed light simulation experiments for metal surfaces (face surface of bearing rollers) are validated.

Reiner, Jacek

2008-09-01

232

Corona tests of prototype connector  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Seven prototype connector boards were tested at Wright Laboratory in the Aerospace Power Division High Power Lab. Each connector board incorporates two types of connectors: (1) ac/dc hybrid connector with six power feedthroughs, i.e. two for dc power and four for ac power, and (2) dc connector with two power feedthroughs. The 270 volt dc rated power feedthroughs were tested with 500 volts dc. The three phase, 208 volt ac (line-to-line) power feedthroughs were tested with 354 volts ac rms. The boards were tested at ground level and at simulated altitudes of 50,000 and 100,000 feet. Corona data acquisition was accomplished in accordance with ASTM 1868-81, using a multichannel analyzer for discharge magnitude characterization. The boards performed well with only insignificant corona activity above five picocoulombs.

Rhoads, Gregory L.; Horwath, John; Schweickart, Daniel

1994-12-01

233

Hadron therapy information sharing prototype.  

PubMed

The European PARTNER project developed a prototypical system for sharing hadron therapy data. This system allows doctors and patients to record and report treatment-related events during and after hadron therapy. It presents doctors and statisticians with an integrated view of adverse events across institutions, using open-source components for data federation, semantics, and analysis. There is a particular emphasis upon semantic consistency, achieved through intelligent, annotated form designs. The system as presented is ready for use in a clinical setting, and amenable to further customization. The essential contribution of the work reported here lies in the novel data integration and reporting methods, as well as the approach to software sustainability achieved through the use of community-supported open-source components. PMID:23824127

Roman, Faustin Laurentiu; Abler, Daniel; Kanellopoulos, Vassiliki; Amoros, Gabriel; Davies, Jim; Dosanjh, Manjit; Jena, Raj; Kirkby, Norman; Peach, Ken; Salt, Jose

2013-07-01

234

PEP-II prototype klystron  

SciTech Connect

A 540-kW continuous-wave (cw) klystron operating at 476 MHz was developed for use as a power source for testing PEP-II rf accelerating cavities and rf windows. It also serves as a prototype for a 1.2 MW cw klystron presently being developed as a potential rf source for asymmetric colliding ring use. The design incorporates the concepts and many of the parts used in the original 353 MHz PEP klystron developed sixteen years ago. The superior computer simulation codes available today result in improved performance with the cavity frequencies, drift lengths, and output circuit optimized for the higher frequency.The design and operating results of this tube are described with particular emphasis on the factors which affect efficiency and stability.

Fowkes, W.R.; Caryotakis, G.; Lee, T.G.; Pearson, C.; Wright, E.L.

1993-04-01

235

The PHENIX Muon Identifier Prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Muon Identifier (MuID) subsystem is an integral part of the Muon Arms for the PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collidier. The Muon Arm detector is designed to study the properties of vector mesons in hot and dense nuclear matter through their muon decay channel. The MuID uses Iarocci (or streamer) tubes sandwiched between steel absorbers to discriminate between minimum ionizing muons and showering hadrons, such as pions and protons. This will help identify J/? suppression, if it exists. A full scale prototype of one panel of the MuID has been constructed at ORNL for various R&D experiments. The results from tests of the electronics, such as HV settings, operating the tubes in streamer vs. proportional mode, different cable types, and amplifier arrangement, will be discussed. Also to be presented are the outcomes from mechanical tests of the panel and performance and efficiency of the tubes with different gas mixtures.

Held, Samuel

1997-04-01

236

Prototype lockhopper valve test plan  

SciTech Connect

This document has been prepared to summarize the overall plan for testing prototype lockhopper valves being developed by Fairchild Industries and Consolidated Controls Corporation under contract to DOE/FE. The testing effort described will establish the capability of these valves to meet the design criteria contained in Design Criteria for Lockhopper Valve Development, METC/SP-78/3. The design criteria was based on the requirements of the Lockhopper Valve RFP 1813, analysis of those coal conversion processes that are most promising for demonstration plants, and a desire for valve life comparable with other gasification plant equipment. The test plan was prepared with inputs from, and in cooperation with, Fossil Energy Research and Morgantown Energy Technology Center personnel and was originally published on December 30, 1976, under Fossil Energy Report FE 2213-016-09 by TRW Energy Systems Group.

Gardner, J.F.; Freeburn, F.D.

1979-03-01

237

Five factor model prototype matching scores: convergence within alternative methods.  

PubMed

The Five Factor Model of Personality (FFM) has been proposed as a potential alternative to the current DSM-IV-TR model, which conceptualizes personality disorders (PDs) as categorical constructs. While an extensive literature has pointed out the flaws of the diagnostic categories, they are quite familiar to clinicians and there may still be instances when identifying these constructs for clinical purposes, such as for rapidly communicating information about a patient, is warranted. From the perspective of the FFM, the PDs represent specific constellations of personality traits and research has demonstrated that the PDs can be recovered by assessing the degree to which an FFM profile matches the FFM description of a prototypic PD case. The current study builds upon that research by assessing the convergent and discriminant validity of prototype scores and DSM-IV PD measures using self-report, informant report, semi-structured interview, and clinician descriptions. The results suggest that the prototype matching scores are largely valid across these methods for all PDs, with perhaps the exception of obsessive-compulsive. These findings are related to previous research and the clinical implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:22023296

Samuel, Douglas B; Edmundson, Maryanne; Widiger, Thomas A

2011-10-01

238

Prototype casting fabrication by stereolithography  

SciTech Connect

A new product development technology is emerging which could have a major impact on the investment casting industry. It's identified by several names, the most common of which is STEREOLITHOGRAPHY.'' This technology involves a three-dimensional printing process which will yield plastic parts (polymer models) from solid, surface, or wireframe CAD files. The concept links a CAD database to a process which guides a laser beam to solidify liquid photo-curable polymer into a programmed shaped. The process can produce models in far less time and at far less cost than can be done by other known (conventional) model producing methods. Parts that would normally require weeks or months to prototype with conventional processes can be produced in a matter of hours by Stereolithography. The Allied-Signal Inc., Kansas City Division, is engaged in a development project (funded by the Department of Energy) which is aimed at establishing this process as a practical, expedient, and cost-effective method fabricating prototype investment castings. The early phases of the project include procurement of a special designed test unit for several companies (Service Centers) involved in fabrication of models. These models are produced in various materials and used in experimental casting programs being conducted with four casting suppliers (two ferrous and two non-ferrous). This presentation will cover the objectives of the project and the results obtained up to this time. We will also briefly review future plans for the continuation of the project, until this new technology has been proven as a viable process for rapid development of investment castings.

Cromwell, W.E.

1990-11-01

239

Prototype Microfilm Projector for Navigational Charts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Description of a microfilm projector for navigational charts for shipboard installation. The prototype model tests and corrections, as well as the direction of future developments, are described. (Author)

P. Morrill

1967-01-01

240

Recent advances in Japanese encephalitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japanese encephalitis (JE), the most important cause of epidemic encephalitis worldwide, is confined to Asia, but its geographical\\u000a area is spreading. West Nile virus, and other closely related flaviviruses, cause similar disease elsewhere. Recent cryoelectron\\u000a microscopic studies have characterized the flavivirus envelope protein as a new class of viral fusion protein (class II),\\u000a and examined its arrangement on the virion

Tom Solomon

2003-01-01

241

Japanese encephalitis in the USSR*  

PubMed Central

The author sketches the history of Japanese encephalitis in the USSR, where it has been thoroughly studied since it first occurred in 1938. After a brief outline of its epidemiology, he describes the pathogenesis, the signs and symptoms, and the pathophysiological mechanisms that make this form of encephalitis so dangerous. He also discusses the diagnosis and the methods of treatment and prevention practised in the USSR.

Grascenkov, N. I.

1964-01-01

242

Japanese guideline for childhood asthma.  

PubMed

The Japanese Guideline for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Allergic Diseases 2010 (JAGL 2010) describes childhood asthma based on the Japanese Pediatric Guideline for the Treatment and Management of Asthma 2008 (JPGL 2008) published by the Japanese Society of Pediatric Allergy and Clinical Immunology. JAGL 2010 provides information on diagnosis by age groups from infancy to puberty, treatment for acute exacerbations, long-term management by medication, daily life guidance, and patient education to allow physicians, not specialized in childhood asthma, to refer to this guideline for routine medical treatment. JAGL differs from the Global Initiative for Asthma Guideline (GINA) in that the former emphasizes long-term management of childhood asthma based on asthma severity and early diagnosis and intervention at <2 years and 2-5 years of age. However, a management method, including step-up or step-down of long-term management agents based on the status of asthma symptoms, is easy to understand and thus JAGL is suitable for routine medical treatment. JAGL also introduced treatment and management using a control test for children, recommending treatment and management aimed at complete control through avoiding exacerbation factors and appropriate use of antiinflammatory agents. PMID:21636964

Nishimuta, Toshiyuki; Kondo, Naomi; Hamasaki, Yuhei; Morikawa, Akihiro; Nishima, Sankei

2011-03-01

243

Korean-Japanese Territorial Dispute Over Dokdo/Takeshima.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis explores the Korean-Japanese territorial dispute over the sovereignty of Dokdo/Takeshima. The Japanese government has argued that Dokdo/Takeshima is inherently Japanese territory. But this thesis demonstrates the baselessness of this argument ...

S. H. Na

2007-01-01

244

Shape enhancement for rapid prototyping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many applications, for instance, in the reverse engineering and cultural heritage field, require building a physical replica\\u000a of 3D digital models. Recent 3D printers can easily perform this task in a relatively short time and using color to reproduce\\u000a object textures. However, the finite resolution of printers and, most of all, some peculiar optical and physical properties\\u000a of the used

Ruggero Pintus; Enrico Gobbetti; Paolo Cignoni; Roberto Scopigno

2010-01-01

245

Building Bingo  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this on site "field trip" activity (located on pages 6-9 of PDF), learners get hands-on experience identifying building materials by playing "Building Bingo". To play, teams of learners locate interior and exterior building materials at their site, use the Natural Materials chart to complete the Building Materials Facts label, and cross off the boxes on their Bingo cards. This lesson guide includes suggestions/tips and game hand-outs.

Wiberg, Leanne; History, National M.

2000-01-01

246

Healthy Buildings?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health problems related to school buildings can be categorized in five major areas: sick-building syndrome; health-threatening building materials; environmental hazards such as radon gas and asbestos; lead poisoning; and poor indoor air quality due to smoke, chemicals, and other pollutants. This paper provides an overview of these areas,

Grubb, Deborah

247

Prototyping Parallel Algorithms using Standard ML  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have been developing techniques for deriving parallel implemen- tations of vision algorithms from prototypes written in a functional language (SML). Initially, we analysed simple, well understood algo- rithms to allow the prototyping methodology to be investigated in a predictable environment. Subsequently, we have extended our ap- proach to more difficult cases such as edge tracking which present prob- lems

N. R. Scaife; G. J. Michaelson; A. M. Wallace

248

Rapid prototyping of large scale aerospace structures  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new Rapid Prototyping (RP) technique is being developed at the Manufacturing Processes Laboratory at the University of Utah. This alternative RP technique allows engineers to create full scale physical prototypes of their large designs literally overnight. Where existing RP machines are limited to models that fit within a 30\\

Charles L. Thomas; Thomas M. Gaffney; Srinivas Kaza; Cheol H. Lee

1996-01-01

249

Can Prototypes Inform Moral Development Theory?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Argues that experts in philosophical and psychological paradigms can and do contribute to revisions of theories of moral excellence and that the study of prototypes has limited value for resolving some important theoretical issues. Describes research topics that can be informed by the investigation of prototypes of moral excellence, such as

Hart, Daniel

1998-01-01

250

Rapid prototyping techniques for expert systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in rapid prototyping tools for expert system development are described. KITTEN and AQUINAS are integrated prototyping systems providing knowledge acquisition tools encompassing a diversity of forms of knowledge and relationships between knowledge. KITTEN can access a wide range of knowledge sources including text, interviews with experts, and observations of expert behavior. AQUINAS can present knowledge from multiple sources

M. L. G. Shaw; J. M. Bradshaw; B. R. Gaines; J. H. Boose

1988-01-01

251

Design of Griffin: A Common Prototyping Language.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project was the first phase of the development of a language for prototyping large software systems, especially those that will ultimately be implemented in Ada. The Department of Defense has made a commitment to the notion of rapid prototyping as a ...

R. Dewar B. Goldberg M. Harrison E. Schonberg D. Shasha

1991-01-01

252

Dielectric elastomer based prototype fiber actuators  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dielectric elastomer based prototype fiber actuators have been developed and evaluated. The work is motivated by the tremendous potential offered by the current multicomponent fiber forming technologies as a means to fabricate fiber actuators. To explore the potential, prototype fiber actuators have been fabricated using commercially available dielectric elastomer tubes and by applying appropriate compliant electrodes to inner cavity and

Sohil Arora; Tushar Ghosh; John Muth

2007-01-01

253

CARTECH: A Prototype of Geographical Information System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper all major issues related to definition, design and implementation of a prototype of the geographical information system CARTECH are presented and discussed. The prototype proposes solutions for the most important requirements for geographical information systems (GIS). Namely, the double nature (spatial and descriptive) of geographical data, the fact that querying geographical information usually involves the specification of

Franco Arcieri; Enrico Nardelli; Maurizio Talamo

1994-01-01

254

Prototype Geologic Database and Users Guide  

Microsoft Academic Search

The work described here is aimed at assembling a prototype database of raw geologic data typically used to identify and differentiate hydrologically significant lithostratigraphic units. The domain of the prototype database was focused on the T, TX, TY Tank farm area and the 216-Z-9 Trench area in 200 West Area and focused on ''orphan'' data that was not already captured

2003-01-01

255

Virtual Video Prototyping of Pervasive Healthcare Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtual studio technology enables the mixing of physical and digital 3D objects and thus expands the way of representing design ideas in terms of virtual video prototypes, which offers new possibilities for designers by combining elements of prototypes, mock-ups, scenarios, and conventional video. In this article we report our initial experience in the domain of pervasive healthcare with producing virtual

Andreas Lykke-Olesen?; Kim Halskov

256

Virtual video prototyping of pervasive healthcare systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtual studio technology enables the mixing of physical and digital 3D objects and thus expands the way of representing design ideas in terms of virtual video prototypes, which offers new possibilities for designers by combining elements of prototypes, mock-ups, scenarios, and conventional video. In this article we report our initial experience in the domain of pervasive healthcare with producing virtual

Jakob Bardram; Claus Bossen; Andreas Lykke-Olesen; Rune Nielsen; Kim Halskov Madsen

2002-01-01

257

Design of the ITER torus prototype cryopump  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (FZK) is developing the ITER prototype torus exhaust pumping system, comprising eight identical cryosorption pumps to provide a high pumping speed and capacity, and fast regeneration. The prototype pump features an integral inlet valve with a nominal diameter of 800mm which can be closed during the plasma pulse operation for on-line regeneration. The pump design is incorporating the

V. Hauer; J.-C. Boissin; Chr. Day; H. Haas; A. Mack; D. Murdoch; R. Lsser; M. Wykes

2007-01-01

258

A glimpse at rapid prototyping technologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With rapid, 3D CAD data-based prototyping systems, engineers can analyze a structural component's form, fit, and function, thereby obtaining improved design quality, shorter design-life cycles, and lower development costs. Accounts are presently given of prototyping methods employing stereolithography, laminated-object manufacturing, fused-deposition modeling, solid-ground curing, and photosolidification.

Maddox, Roger; Knesek, John

1993-06-01

259

Pitch independent prototyping of musical sounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a method of pitch-independent prototyping, classification and creation of musical sounds. Based on the spectral envelope, temporal envelope and irregularities of the quasi-harmonic partials, a simple timbre model is used for the prototyping, classification and synthesis of musical sounds. Indications are given how to modify the timbre parameters so as to have a natural sounding sound when

Kristnffer Jensen

1999-01-01

260

IAMC architecture and prototyping: a progress report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Internet Accessible Mathematical Computation (IAMC) is a distributed framework to supply mathematical computing powers over the Internet. Presented are conceptual and experimental work on the IAMC architecture, a client prototype (Dragonfly), client GUI, a server prototype (Starfish), the Mathematical Computation Protocol (MCP), mathematical data encoding, and the external compute engine interface.

Paul S. Wang; Simon Gray; Norbert Kajler; Dongdai Lin; Weidong Liao; Xiao Zou

2001-01-01

261

Japanese Pitch Accent Acquisition by Learners of Japanese: Effects of Training on Japanese Accent Instruction, Perception, and Production  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This dissertation investigated 1) American L2 learners' perceptual ability to accurately identify Japanese pitch accent, and 2) learners' realization of Japanese pitch accent. This study was conducted to determine whether these abilities could be improved through training. Study 1 tested the ability to identify the accent location (pitch fall)

Hirano-Cook, Erika

2011-01-01

262

Japanese Pitch Accent Acquisition by Learners of Japanese: Effects of Training on Japanese Accent Instruction, Perception, and Production  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation investigated 1) American L2 learners' perceptual ability to accurately identify Japanese pitch accent, and 2) learners' realization of Japanese pitch accent. This study was conducted to determine whether these abilities could be improved through training. Study 1 tested the ability to identify the accent location (pitch fall)

Hirano-Cook, Erika

2011-01-01

263

Sonification Prototype for Space Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As an alternative and adjunct to visual displays, auditory exploration of data via sonification (data controlled sound) and audification (audible playback of data samples) is promising for complex or rapidly/temporally changing visualizations, for data exploration of large datasets (particularly multi-dimensional datasets), and for exploring datasets in frequency rather than spatial dimensions (see also International Conferences on Auditory Display ). Besides improving data exploration and analysis for most researchers, the use of sound is especially valuable as an assistive technology for visually-impaired people and can make science and math more exciting for high school and college students. Only recently have the hardware and software come together to make a cross-platform open-source sonification tool feasible. We have developed a prototype sonification data analysis tool using the JavaSound API and NASA GSFC's ViSBARD software . Wanda Diaz Merced, a blind astrophysicist from Puerto Rico, is instrumental in advising on and testing the tool.

Candey, R. M.; Schertenleib, A. M.; Diaz Merced, W. L.

2005-12-01

264

Acculturation of Personality: A Three-Culture Study of Japanese, Japanese Americans, and European Americans  

PubMed Central

The present study tests the hypothesis that involvement with a new culture instigates changes in personality of immigrants that result in (a) better fit with the norms of the culture of destination and (b) reduced fit with the norms of the culture of origin. Participants were 40 Japanese first-generation immigrants to the United States, 57 Japanese monoculturals, and 60 U.S. monoculturals. All participants completed the Jackson Personality Inventory (JPI) as a measure of the Big Five; immigrants completed the Japanese American Acculturation Scale. Immigrants fits with the cultures of destination and origin were calculated by correlating Japanese American mothers patterns of ratings on the Big Five with the average patterns of ratings of European Americans and Japanese on the same personality dimensions. Japanese Americans became more American and less Japanese in their personality as they reported higher participation in the U.S. culture. The results support the view that personality can be subject to cultural influence.

Gungor, Derya; Bornstein, Marc H.; De Leersnyder, Jozefien; Cote, Linda; Ceulemans, Eva; Mesquita, Batja

2013-01-01

265

Building structures  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A building structure offset uses hexagon structures assembled in an offset layering architecture to construct walls, floors and roofs. Hexagon building structures include interior panels adhered to both sides of a foam core. The structures also include radial cutouts the corners for offset layering assembly with another structure. Peg retainers selectively secure the hexagon building structures together. Fastening holes provide fastener locations for screwing or bolting through the layers of the hexagon structures. The holes align with an offset layer of hexagons when assembled in the axial direction. Conduit holes are selectively located depending on the fastening technique selected. The system includes five derivatives of hexagon building structures and a header, providing square, triangular, and curved geometries when assembled. Since hexagon buildings are built from hexagon building structures without customization, hexagon buildings can be rebuilt, modified, or recycled using the same materials.

Zornes; David A. (Redmond, WA)

2003-10-14

266

Laser Assisted Forming for Ship Building  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laser forming has become a viable process for the shaping of metallic components, as a means of rapid prototyping and of adjusting and aligning. The process is similar to the well established torch flame bending used on large sheet material in the ship building industry but a great deal more control of the final product can be achieved. This paper

G. Dearden; S. P. Edwardson

267

Ibis: The Integrated Building Industry System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes the recently-developed operational prototype of the Integrated Building Industry System (IBIS), a computer-based cost analysis tool for use in the design of low-cost housing. IBIS permits an architect to describe his design to a compu...

1968-01-01

268

Building Multiuser Interactive Multimedia Environments at MERL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building multiuser interactive multimedia environments at Mitsubishi Electric Research Laboratories (MERL) is a highly interdisciplinary activity that involves the efforts of more than a dozen people. Our prototype systems involve expertise in computer graphics, animation, networking, artificial intelligence, human-computer interaction, computer vision, spoken language understanding, graphic design, learning theory, and drama. The relationship among the three areas of work at

David B. Anderson; John W. Barrus; John H. Howard; Charles Rich; Chia Shen; Richard C. Waters

1995-01-01

269

Gendering the Japanese political system: The gender-specific pattern of political activity and women's political participation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Japanese political arena, gender equality remains elusive. To explore the reasons for that inequality, this paper analyses the gender-specific pattern of political activity in Japan in the post-war period. Building on analyses of feminist theorists, it examines three case studies before proceeding to a discussion of the issue of women's political participation in Japan. It concludes with a

Hiroko Takeda

2006-01-01

270

Confucian ethics and Japanese management practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes that an important method for understanding the ethics of Japanese management is the systematic study of its Confucian traditions and the writings of Confucius. Inconsistencies and dysfunction in Japanese ethical and managerial behavior can be attributed to contradictions in Confucius' writings and inconsistencies between the Confucian code and modern realities. Attention needs to be directed to modern

Marc J. Dollinger

1988-01-01

271

Japanese colonialism and Korean development: A critique  

Microsoft Academic Search

New scholarship on economic development in Korea has focused on the beneficial effects of Japanese colonialism and on certain continuities between Korea's growth strategy before and after World War II. We challenge this new revisionism. The growth record under the Japanese occupation was more modest than is often thought, there are greater discontinuities than continuities between the colonial and postwar

Chung-In Moon; David Kang

1997-01-01

272

Japanese Childrearing: Two Generations of Scholarship.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The context of Japanese childrearing has changed during the postwar era. Noting that "new" observations concerning childrearing and socialization may not actually be new, this volume establishes continuity with past researchers by integrating the past half-century of cross-cultural research on Japanese childrearing and socialization, placing

Shwalb, David W., Ed.; Shwalb, Barbara J., Ed.

273

Smoking habits in Japanese patients with schizophrenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies from North America and Western Europe have observed a marked increase of smoking in schizophrenia. This preliminary study investigated smoking habits in Japanese patients with schizophrenia (n=137). The prevalence of smokers (34%) was not higher than in the general Japanese population (37%). Variables associated with smoking were also different from those reported in the Western literature. Different cultural backgrounds

Takeyuki Mori; Tsukasa Sasaki; Akira Iwanami; Tsuyoshi Araki; Kaoru Mizuno; Tadafumi Kato; Nobumasa Kato

2003-01-01

274

Center for Japanese Study Abroad. Fastback 386.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Center for Japanese Study Abroad (CJSA) is a Japanese immersion and study abroad program implemented as a magnet program at inner-city Brien MacMahon High School in Norwalk, Connecticut. The program is supported by a grant from the state department of education. Attended by 60-70 students from high schools in southern Fairfield County

Jassey, William

275

Corrective Feedback by Experienced Japanese EFL Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated English-as-a-Foreign-Language (EFL) teachers' patterns of verbal behavior concerning student errors, the relationship between error type and teacher treatment, and the effect of error treatment on subsequent student outcome. Subjects were students in seven EFL classes in Japanese high schools, taught by native Japanese

Kubota, Mikio

1991-01-01

276

Cognitive and neurophysiological evaluation of Japanese dyslexia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seven Japanese dyslexic boys were evaluated as to their pedagogic performance on the pupil rating scale (PRS), and psychological and neurophysiological characteristics. One of them suffered from severe English dyslexia despite that his Japanese dyslexia was feeble. PRS did not successfully reveal their reading difficulties. Psychological examination (WISC-R and K-ABC) revealed their cognitive dysfunction, but the results were heterogeneous. The

Madoka Shiota; Tatsuya Koeda; Kenzo Takeshita

2000-01-01

277

Adjectives and the Copulas in Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes two seemingly different types of adjectives in Japanese and claims they share fundamentally similar phrase structures. Discusses the hypothesis that there is a phrase for predication. Japanese adjectives show morphological corroboration for this phrase, which is referred to as the predicative copula. (Author/VWL)

Nishiyama, Kunio

1999-01-01

278

Argumentative Strategies in American and Japanese English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined differences in argumentative strategies in Japanese and American English by analyzing English essays on capital punishment written by 22 American high school seniors and 30 Japanese college sophomores. Differences were found in the organizational patterns, content and use of rational appeals, preference for type of diction, and

Kamimura, Taeko; Oi, Kyoko

1998-01-01

279

An Analysis of Japanese Television Commercials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Content analysis of 410 prime time television commercials sampled from four Japanese television stations finds that, at all product involvement levels, Japanese commercials use the emotional appeal more than the informational appeal, sometimes with very indirect product selling approaches. At the same time, only a small percentage of these commercials do not use information cues at all. In the sample,

Jyotika Ramaprasad; Kazumi Hasegawa

1990-01-01

280

Workers' perceptions of a Japanese company's song  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Japanese company song is reputed to inspire the working morale of employees and thus contribute to overall company performance. This article investigates the psychological impact of the company song on workers by analysing the question-naire responses obtained from a group of Japanese workers. The researcher found that differences in gender and generation gap were strong explanatory variables in terms

Norihiko Suzuki

1985-01-01

281

READINGS IN JAPANESE HISTORY. PART I, SELECTIONS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

INCLUDED AMONG THE 18 SELECTIONS IN THIS READER FOR ADVANCED STUDENTS OF JAPANESE ARE SUCH ARTICLES AND EXCERPTS FROM BOOKS AS "THE TAIKA REFORMS" BY SAKAMOTO TAROO (1935) AND "THE SYSTEM OF MEASUREMENT OF INCOME BY KOKU AND FEUDALISM" BY NAKAMURA KICIJI (1960). THESE TEXTS ARE REPRODUCED EXACTLY AS THEY APPEARED IN JAPANESE-LANGUAGE PUBLICATIONS

YAMAGIWA, JOSEPH K.

282

Functions of Discourse Markers in Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Through an examination of the discourse markers "ano" and "sono" in Japanese (commonly characterized as demonstrative adjectives but which cannot be used interchangeably in a context), this paper explores how these linguistic devices function in conversation found in Japanese writings. The focus of this analysis is the mental and social functions

Fujita, Yasuko

2001-01-01

283

Japanese and American Education: Attitudes and Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Continuing concern regarding the quality and future of education in both America and Japan prompts many comparisons of their nation's educational systems. Chapter 1, "Japanese Schools' Higher Achievement, Literacy, Efficiency, Discipline, Classroom Management, and Strengths of Civilization," attempts to explain the superior performance of Japanese

Wray, Harry

284

Japanese Nuclear Weapons Capability: Likelihood and Impact.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Japanese press provides a basis for determining how the Nixon 'Shocks' of 1971 affected the likelihood that Japan will acquire nuclear weapons in the next decade. The China 'Shock' hurt Japanese pride and reduced confidence in Prime Minister Sato. It ...

D. A. Ramsay

1972-01-01

285

Arms and alliance in Japanese public opinion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis analyzes the transformation of Japanese public opinion concerning the nation's security posture during the past decade. Until the early 1970s, the peculiar strength of a neutralist-pacifist outlook among the Japanese people, which arose in large part from the absence of a serious external threat severely encumbered Tokyo's defense efforts in the context of the alliance with the United

Umemoto

1985-01-01

286

IT revolution in the Japanese traditional company  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japanese companies are conducting extensive restructuring of their operations following examples of US companies that transformed their organizations successfully to complement economic conditions. Accordingly, there is a growing fear that a 'corporate Alzheimer's phenomenon' may result; thus, an important concern has become the study of knowledge management. The assured success of revolutionizing Japanese industry depends entirely upon the fusion of

Hiroyulu Yamasaki; Ikuo Yamada

2000-01-01

287

Japanese technological innovation strategy: recent trends  

Microsoft Academic Search

Firstly, a review of models of the Japanese innovation process is presented and the dominant characteristics of each model are identijed. The latest innovation trends in Japan are analysed using recent examples, and a n integrative model is presented based on these. The major elements of the Japanese innovative process are as follows: (a) organizational intelligence; (b) fusion of technologies;

B. Bowonder; T. Miyake

1992-01-01

288

A neonatal case of Japanese spotted Fever.  

PubMed

We herein present the case of a 28-day-old female with Japanese spotted fever, who is the youngest reported patient so far. Tick-borne diseases, including Japanese spotted fever, should be included in the differential diagnosis of eruptive fever even in neonates because a treatment delay can lead to a fatal outcome. PMID:23743544

Hamaguchi, Yo; Shirakawa, Toshihiko; Kuwatsuka, Yutaka; Ando, Shuji

2013-11-01

289

The Teaching of Japanese in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article surveys the development of Japanese language courses in Australia, noting a variety of factors contribute to the growth and recent intensification of interest in the subject. It examines problems within Japanese language teaching and discusses further innovative course development, differentiation of needs, employer perceptions, and

Marriott, Helen E.

1992-01-01

290

Japanese research and development of fuel cells  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An overview of the Japanese fuel cell program is presented including an historical background of Japanese research and development of fuel cells, the research and development in the Moonlight Project, and a description of the current status of activities of private companies which expect to purchase fuel cells.

1981-02-01

291

THE BREAKING OF THE JAPANESE ARMY'S CODES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This memoir relates the writer's experience as a Signal Corps cryptanalyst in World War II. The major foci are the efforts of the Signal Intelligence Service in Australia and at Arlington Hall to solve the Japanese Army's codes. The initial entries into the codes and some of the later efforts to keep these entries going as the Japanese Army made

Joseph E. Richard

2004-01-01

292

Exploring Japanese olive oil consumer behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last two decades, olive oil consumption in Japan is showing an increasing trend due to dietary and health concerns. Traditional olive oil producer and exporter countries such as Italy, Spain and Tunisia have interest to reinforce and to increase their penetration in the Japanese market. This study examines Japanese olive oil consumer behaviour by the use of the

Nadhem Mtimet; Kenichi Kashiwagi; Lokman Zaibet; N. Masakazu

2008-01-01

293

The Art of Japanese Masks and Kimonos  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Japanese masks have been worn for a number of reasons. In the past they were often used in plays and celebrations. Today in Japan, social masks are essential in many party gatherings as a form of expressing one's personality. In this article, the author describes an art project wherein students created Japanese masks and kimonos.|

Brooks, Nancy Johnston

2009-01-01

294

Literature Review of Japanese Contrastive Rhetoric  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review serves to inform the reader on current literature on Contrastive Rhetoric (CR), with specific reference to teaching writing to Japanese students of English. It will examine the historical developments of CR and its present significance before then looking at possible reasons for unique characteristics of Japanese L2 writers

Cumming, Brett

2012-01-01

295

Sexual Partner Preference in Female Japanese Macaques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whether animals ever exhibit a preference for same-sex sexual partners is a subject of debate. Japanese macaques represent excellent models for examining issues related to sexual preference in animals because females, in certain populations, routinely engage in both heterosexual and homosexual behavior over the course of their life spans. Multiple lines of evidence indicate that female homosexual behavior in Japanese

Paul L. Vasey

2002-01-01

296

Numeral Incorporation in Japanese Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores the morphological process of numeral incorporation in Japanese Sign Language. Numeral incorporation is defined and the available research on numeral incorporation in signed language is discussed. The numeral signs in Japanese Sign Language are then introduced and followed by an explanation of the numeral morphemes which are

Ktejik, Mish

2013-01-01

297

Japanese Moral Education Past and Present.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For generations, moral development has been both a conscious aim and a formal process in Japanese education. This book investigates the history and development of Japanese moral education and analyzes and compares current moral education with the concepts of the Imperial Rescript on Education (1890) and the "shushin" moral education of prewar

Khan, Yoshimitsu

298

Investigations of a building-integrated ducted wind turbine module  

Microsoft Academic Search

So far, wind energy has not played a major role in the group of technologies for embedded generation in the built environment. However, the wind flow around conventional tall buildings generates differential pressures, which may cause an enhanced mass flow through a building-integrated turbine. As a first step, a prototype of a small-scale ducted wind turbine has been developed and

Robert K. W. Dannecker; Andrew D. Grant

2002-01-01

299

Building a collection development CMS on a shoe-string  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose To discuss why a content management system (CMS) for collection development is necessary in a distance education environment, restructuring technical services in preparation for a CMS implementation, and the actual building of a prototype. Design\\/methodology\\/approach The article outlines the planning and processes necessary in designing and building a CMS from scratch using existing resources and putting them

Regina Beach; Miqueas Dial

2006-01-01

300

Japanese materials program and FFTF  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Japanese materials program is briefly reviewed and the associated university program, which is still in a provisional stage, is described in some detail. Important elements of the university proposal are: (1) construction of a high energy high fluence neutron irradiation facility, (2) establishment or expansion of local research centers including hot laboratories, and (3) promotion of fundamental studies. The FFTF/MOTA Project is a very important constituent of the whole program, the results coming out of which should be well coordinated with other fundamental research programs to extract full essence needed for the advancement or realization of fusion energy.

Ishino, Shiori

1988-04-01

301

VME-based data acquisition system for the India-based Neutrino Observatory prototype detector  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) collaboration has proposed to build a 50 kton Iron-Calorimeter (ICAL) to study neutrino oscillations. About 28,800 Resistive Plate Chambers will be used as active detector elements in this experiment. Preliminary studies are currently underway and as a part of it, a prototype detector was developed which now serves as a cosmic-ray telescope and as a test-bench to study the indigenously built RPCs. A VME-based data acquisition system was designed for this prototype system. Modern software tools were used in the designing of the DAQ software. The design and development of this DAQ system are discussed.

Bhuyan, M.; Chandratre, V. B.; Dasgupta, S.; Datar, V. M.; Kalmani, S. D.; Lahamge, S. M.; Mondal, N. K.; Nagaraj, P.; Pal, S.; Rao, S. K.; Redij, A.; Samuel, D.; Saraf, M. N.; Satyanarayana, B.; Shinde, R. R.; Upadhya, S. S.

2012-01-01

302

Electronics and data acquisition system for the ICAL prototype detector of India-based neutrino observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) collaboration has proposed to build a 50 kton magnetized Iron Calorimeter (ICAL) detector with the primary goal to study neutrino oscillations, employing Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs) as active detector elements. A prototype of the ICAL detector has been built in order to develop and characterize the intrinsic sub-systems, like RPCs, gas system, electronics and data acquisition system, etc. This paper describes in detail the readout electronics as well as the VME-based data acquisition system for the prototype detector.

Behere, A.; Bhuyan, M.; Chandratre, V. B.; Dasgupta, S.; Datar, V. M.; Kalmani, S. D.; Lahamge, S. M.; Mondal, N. K.; Mukhopadhyay, P. K.; Nagaraj, P.; Nagesh, B. K.; Pal, S.; Rao, Shobha K.; Samuel, D.; Saraf, M. N.; Satyanarayana, B.; Shastrakar, R. S.; Shinde, R. R.; Sudheer, K. M.; Upadhya, S. S.; Verma, P.

2013-02-01

303

A novel prototyping method for die-level monolithic integration of MEMS above-IC  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work presents a convenient and versatile prototyping method for integrating surface-micromachined microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) directly above IC electronics, at the die level. Such localized implementation helps reduce development costs associated with the acquisition of full-sized semiconductor wafers. To demonstrate the validity of this method, variants of an IC-compatible surface-micromachining MEMS process are used to build different MEMS devices above a commercial transimpedance amplifier chip. Subsequent functional assessments for both the electronics and the MEMS indicate that the integration is successful, validating the prototyping methodology presented in this work, as well as the suitability of the selected MEMS technology for above-IC integration.

Cicek, Paul-Vahe; Zhang, Qing; Saha, Tanmoy; Mahdavi, Sareh; Allidina, Karim; Nabki, Frederic; El Gamal, Mourad

2013-06-01

304

The Navy Prototype Optical Interferometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper announces the first closure phase measurements made with the Navy Prototype Optical Interferometer (NPOI) on stars. These are the first closure phase measurements made at optical wavelengths which exceed, by a factor of two to three, the resolution of the largest existing single optical telescope. The first observations were made on 1996 March 18 using three of the NPOI's four astrometric stations with baselines of 18.9, 22.2, and 37.5 meters. These data, the NPOI, and its current status will be discussed. The NPOI is a long baseline optical interferometer built by NRL, USNO, and Lowell Observatory on Anderson Mesa, near Flagstaff, AZ, USA. It is designed for astrometry and for imaging stellar surfaces. First fringe measurements with a single baseline were made in October 1994. The intervening time was spent adding a third telescope and making numerous upgrades to the equipment and software. The astrometric portion of the array consists of four stations in a Y-shaped configuration. The baselines between these stations are monitored by an extensive laser metrology system. The goal of this system is to catalog stellar positions with milliarcsecond accuracy. Baseline lengths range from 18.9 to 37.5 meters. The imaging portion of the array will contain 6 elements that can be deployed on any of 30 stations. These stations are also arranged in a Y configuration with a maximum baseline length of 435 meters. The wavelength coverage for both systems is 450 to 850 nm, divided into 32 spectral channels. The system incorporates active group delay fringe tracking and rapid tip-tilt angle tracking. There are plans for adding two micron capability. The maximum aperture is currently 12.5 cm. Beam compressors are planned to increase the apertures to 35 cm. So far, the faintest star on which we have tracked fringes is m_V = 4.0.

Benson, J. A.; Hutter, D. J.; Elias, N. M., II; Bowers, P.; Mozurkewich, D.; Armstrong, J. T.; White, N.; Hummel, C.

1996-05-01

305

39. VIEW LOOKING NORTH INTO THE REAR OF THE BUILDING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

39. VIEW LOOKING NORTH INTO THE REAR OF THE BUILDING COMPLEX AND SERVICE COURT. (NOTE: HISTORIC JAPANESE FALSE CYPRESS AND HINOKI FALSE CYPRESS IN CENTER; FRAMING FOR BLUEPRINT PRODUCTION EVIDENT ON SECOND STORY OF OFFICE WING TO LEFT). - Fairsted, 99 Warren Street, Brookline, Norfolk County, MA

306

NIF/LMJ prototype amplifier mechanical design  

SciTech Connect

Amplifier prototypes for the National Ignition Facility and the Laser Megajoule will be tested at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The prototype amplifier, which is an ensemble of modules from LLNL and Centre d`Etudes de Limeil-Valenton, is cassette-based with bottom access for maintenance. A sealed maintenance transfer vehicle which moves optical cassettes between the amplifier and the assembly cleanroom, and a vacuum gripper which holds laser slabs during cassette assembly will also be tested. The prototype amplifier will be used to verify amplifier optical performance, thermal recovery time, and cleanliness of mechanical operations.

Horvath, J.

1996-10-01

307

Digital prototype of LLRF system for SSRF  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes a field programming gate array (FPGA) based low level radio frequency (LLRF) prototype for the SSRF storage ring RF system. This prototype includes the local oscillator (LO), analog front end, digital front end, RF out, clock distributing, digital signal processing and communication functions. All feedback algorithms are performed in FPGA. The long term of the test prototype with high power shows that the variations of the RF amplitude and the phase in the accelerating cavity are less than 1% and 1 respectively, and the variation of the cavity resonance frequency is controlled within 10 Hz. Supported by Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility

Zhao, Yu-Bin; Yin, Cheng-Ke; Zhang, Tong-Xuan; Fu, Ze-Chuan; Zhao, Zhen-Tang; Dai, Zhi-Min; Liu, Jian-Fei; Wang, Fang

2008-09-01

308

A tool for the acquisition of Japanese-English machine translation rules using inductive learning techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Addresses the problem of constructing translation rules for ALT-J\\/E-a knowledge-based Japanese-English translation system developed at NTT. We introduce the system ATRACT, which is a semi-automatic knowledge acquisition tool designed to facilitate the construction of the desired translation rules through the use of inductive machine learning techniques. Rather than building rules by hand from scratch, a user of ATRACT can obtain

Hussein Almuallim; Yasuhito Akiba; Takefumi Yamazaki; Akio Yokoo; Shigeo Kaneda

1994-01-01

309

Intelligent buildings  

SciTech Connect

The use and development of integrated sensor based systems in building design could turn the concept of an intelligent building from dream to reality over the next few years. To the user, an intelligent building offers economic and efficient environmental systems - heating, lighting and air conditioning; increased safety - with fire and security monitoring; improved business potential - with integrated data communication systems. To the manufacturer, intelligent buildings offer a lucrative market, particularly if they are able to exploit both the commercial and consumer markets. This book provides architects, building developers, system suppliers, engineers and academic researchers with an overview of the intelligent building market. The book brings together previously published papers as well as new material and examines the economics of sensor based systems. It explores the latest technological development and discusses the problems and the pitfalls. Emphasis is placed on practical case study material, covering a broad range of end users.

McClelland, S.

1989-01-01

310

Role stress reduction and cultural mediators in overseas Japanese companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative exploratory study adopts a role theory perspective to examine the role of cultural mediators in reducing role stress experienced by staff in Japanese companies in Australia. The results reveal cultural mediators contribute to allay role stress that exists between Japanese expatriates and non-Japanese host country staff. Japanese expatriate managers are prone to rely on cultural mediators due to

Kazue Okamoto; Stephen T. T. Teo

2012-01-01

311

Some Design Issues for an Online Japanese Textbook  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses several design issues in the development of a new online Japanese textbook, called "Robo-Sensei: Japanese Curriculum with Automated Feedback". When it is completed, the new online textbook will present a full Japanese curriculum. It extends a previously published online software program, "Robo-Sensei: Personal Japanese Tutor"

Nagata, Noriko

2010-01-01

312

The Semantics and Pragmatics of Japanese Focus Particles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Japanese has a rich set of focus particles, several exclusive and additive particles, and, in addition, contrastive particles. This thesis provides a formal description of the meanings of Japanese focus particles and addresses two general questions: "What kinds concepts do Japanese focus particles express?" and "Why does Japanese have a larger

Hasegawa, Akio

2011-01-01

313

Masculinity and Femininity in Japanese Culture: A Pilot Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined masculinity and femininityin Japanese culture. Two hundred sixty-five collegestudents (male = 104; female = 161) took the Japaneseversion of the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) with pertinent demographic questions. Subjects wereall Japanese and no other races were included. Theresults showed no significant difference betweenJapanese male college students and Japanese femalecollege students on both the Masculinity and Femininityscale

Yoko Sugihara; Emiko Katsurada

1999-01-01

314

Ares I-X Ground Diagnostic Prototype.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The automation of pre-launch diagnostics for launch vehicles offers three potential benefits: improving safety, reducing cost, and reducing launch delays. The Ares I-X Ground Diagnostic Prototype demonstrated anomaly detection, fault detection, fault isol...

B. Matthews J. P. Ossenfort M. A. Schwabacher R. A. Martin R. D. Waterman R. L. Oostdyk

2010-01-01

315

Using object oriented development to support prototyping  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a project in which semi-formal software development methods were used in parallel with a prototyping effort to develop a real-time monitor and control computer system. The prototype was used to define and clarify the requirements for the system. The semi-formal approach was used to capture and document those requirements. The resulting description of the system was then used to migrate the prototype to a first version production system. This combined approach helped to overcome many of the problems typically associated with prototyping alone. This project was also used as a vehicle for technology transfer. Due to constraints in the local environment, the approach to technology transfer used here differed substantially from those typically described in the literature. The development and technology efforts and the lessons learned from each are described. 12 refs.

Zucconi, L.; Mack, G. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA)); Williams, L.G. (Software Engineering Research, Boulder, CO (USA))

1989-11-20

316

Prototype Space Flight Intravenous Injection System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Medical emergencies, especially those resulting from accidents, frequently require the administration of intravenous fluids to replace lost body liquids. The development of a prototype space flight intravenous injection system is presented. The definition...

G. V. Colombo

1985-01-01

317

Construction Details of Hdl Artillery Simulator (Prototype).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Design data are presented on a prototype artillery simulator consisting of a 2-in. gun, a rotating tube or spinner, and auxiliary equipment. The system simultaneously applies linear and angular accelerations to a test vehicle to simulate the accelerations...

H. R. Martin

1967-01-01

318

MAP Project, Multimedia Access Prototype (MAP) Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Multimedia Access Project (MAP) project created a user-friendly, multimedia-based prototype that increased accessibility to the government's geographic information databases. The project was a test bed evaluation of distributed and collaborative acces...

D. J. Perry

1996-01-01

319

Population structure in Japanese rice population  

PubMed Central

It is essential to elucidate genetic diversity and relationships among even related individuals and populations for plant breeding and genetic analysis. Since Japanese rice breeding has improved agronomic traits such as yield and eating quality, modern Japanese rice cultivars originated from narrow genetic resource and closely related. To resolve the population structure and genetic diversity in Japanese rice population, we used a total of 706 alleles detected by 134 simple sequence repeat markers in a total of 114 cultivars composed of 94 improved varieties and 20 landraces, which are representative and important for Japanese rice breeding. The landraces exhibit greater gene diversity than improved lines, suggesting that landraces can provide additional genetic diversity for future breeding. Model-based Bayesian clustering analysis revealed six subgroups and admixture situation in the cultivars, showing good agreement with pedigree information. This method could be superior to phylogenetic method in classifying a related population. The leading Japanese rice cultivar, Koshihikari is unique due to the specific genome constitution. We defined Japanese rice diverse sets that capture the maximum number of alleles for given sample sizes. These sets are useful for a variety of genetic application in Japanese rice cultivars.

Yamasaki, Masanori; Ideta, Osamu

2013-01-01

320

NEON Citizen Science: Planning and Prototyping  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) will be a national resource for ecological research and education. NEON citizen science projects are being designed to increase awareness and educate citizen scientists about the impacts of climate change, land-use change, and invasive species on continental-scale ecological processes as well as expand NEON data collection capacity by enabling laypersons to collect geographically distributed data. The citizen science area of the NEON web portal will enable citizen scientists to collect, contribute, interpret, and visualize scientific data, as well as access training modules, collection protocols and targeted learning experiences related to citizen science project topics. For NEON, citizen science projects are a means for interested people to interact with and contribute to NEON science. Investigations at vast spatial and temporal scales often require rapid acquisition of large amounts of data from a geographically distributed population of "human sensors." As a continental-scale ecological observatory, NEON is uniquely positioned to develop strategies to effectively integrate data collected by non-scientists into scientific databases. Ultimately, we plan to work collaboratively to transform the practice of science to include "citizens" or non-scientists in the process. Doing science is not limited to scientists, and breaking down the barriers between scientists and citizens will help people better understand the power of using science in their own decision making. In preparation for fully developing the NEON citizen science program, we are partnering with Project BudBurst (PBB), a citizen science project focused on monitoring plant phenology. The educational goals of PBB are to: (1) increase awareness of climate change, (2) educate citizen scientists about the impacts of climate change on plants and the environment, and (3) increase science literacy by engaging participants in the scientific process. Phenology was chosen as the focus of this citizen science campaign because it is a visible and comprehensible way of demonstrating the effects of climate change. In addition, plants are readily accessible in nearly every neighborhood and park, and wild area across the continent, so people can make observations whether they live near an inner city park or in the rural countryside. Recently, NEON developed data visualization tools for Project BudBurst to engage citizen science participants in "doing science" beyond data collection. By prototyping NEON citizen science through Project BudBurst, NEON is developing a better understanding of how to build a citizen science program that addresses areas of awareness, mastery, and leadership of scientific information like that which NEON will produce over the next 30 years.

Newman, S. J.; Henderson, S.; Gardiner, L. S.; Ward, D.; Gram, W.

2011-12-01

321

The AEI 10 m prototype interferometer  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 10 m prototype interferometer facility is currently being set up at the AEI in Hannover, Germany. The prototype interferometer will be housed inside a 100 m3 ultra-high vacuum envelope. Seismically isolated optical tables inside the vacuum system will be interferometrically interconnected via a suspension platform interferometer. Advanced isolation techniques will be used, such as inverted pendulums and geometrical anti-spring

S. Goler; A. Bertolini; M. Born; Y. Chen; K. Dahl; D. Gering; C. Grf; G. Heinzel; S. Hild; F. Kawazoe; O. Kranz; G. Khn; H. Lck; K. Mossavi; R. Schnabel; K. Somiya; K. A. Strain; J. R. Taylor; A. Wanner; T. Westphal; B. Willke; K. Danzmann

2010-01-01

322

A Prototype Calibration Target for Spectral Imaging  

Microsoft Academic Search

A prototype calibration target was designed and tested for spectral imaging that consisted of 14 samples, nine of which were derived from statistical analyses of artist paints and a five-step grey scale. This target was compared with those commonly used when calibrating spectral-imaging systems. An Esser TE221 scanner target, GretagMacbeth ColorChecker DC, GretagMacbeth ColorChecker Color Rendition Chart, and the prototype

M. Mohammadi; M. Nezamabadi; R. S. Berns; L. A. Taplin

323

Building Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From residential houses to hundred-story skyscrapers, many different technologies come together to make a building safe and comfortable. Building design is a continually changing industry, and new advances are being made possible as research progresses.Sustainable development is gaining popularity worldwide in an effort to minimize environmental impact. The Center for Resourceful Building Technology (1) maintains an online guide that describes building practices that are resource-efficient; some information on the center's research projects is also available. Similar in topic is this report from the National Association of Home Builders Research Center (2). The 70-page document is the final report of an April 2003 conference on green building; it gives day-by-day summaries of presentations and activities in which the conference participants were involved. Office buildings have a number of design issues that need to be considered to make a productive work environment. One such issue is the acoustics in a cubicle workspace. The Canadian Institute for Research in Construction (3) discusses some design factors that can improve privacy even in the very open atmosphere of closely spaced cubicles. In the wake of the 2001 anthrax scare, a research project at Pennsylvania State University has garnered significant attention. This paper (4) introduces immune buildings, which have advanced ventilation and air filtration systems that can mitigate the danger caused by airborne pathogens. Experimental results from the project are also presented. The US Department of Energy High Performance Building Initiative (5) is investigating new technologies to make commercial buildings more comfortable and cost effective. Several interesting technical papers and introductory reports are given on the initiative's homepage, including a technology road map for high performance buildings. This essay from the June 2003 issue of Constructech Magazine (6) highlights a movement toward integrated control systems for all types of buildings. The author notes that having a unified system that automatically manages security, lighting, energy, and several other building operations can save time and money in the long run. Another article, written by a member of the Partnership for Advanced Technology in Housing (7), discusses building materials and practices that can improve residential installation's resistance to major storms and natural disasters. An example of an area that is using these weather resistant designs is in Florida; the article cites the vulnerability of coastal homes to hurricanes and outlines some efforts to build them in a more structurally sound manner. Lastly, the Commercial Modular Construction Magazine (8) is a quarterly publication that centers on permanent and temporary modular building design. The second issue of 2003 has, among other things, a good article that describes the basics and benefits of modular construction.

Leske, Cavin.

324

Saving electricity in commercial buildings with adjustable-speed drives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fan and chiller energy savings achievable in commercial buildings with adjustable-speed drives are described. The savings are estimated with the aid of parametric simulations from a sophisticated, hourly building-energy simulation model. Two prototypes-a single-zone retail store and a multizone medium-sized office building-are simulated for five US locations. The model incorporates part-load performance curves for both inlet vane and adjustable-speed drive

J. H. Eto; A. de Almeida

1988-01-01

325

Field evaluation of prototype electrofibrous filters  

SciTech Connect

New prototype electrofibrous filters were designed, built and evaluated in laboratory tests and in field installations. Two prototypes were designed for use in nuclear ventilation ducts as prefilters to HEPA filters. One prototype is designed to be a permanent component of the ventilation system while the other is a disposable unit. The disposable electrofibrous prefilter was installed in the exhaust stream of a glove box in which barrels of uranium turnings are burned. Preliminary tests show the disposal prefilter is effectively prolonging the HEPA filter life. An earlier prototype of the rolling prefilter was upgraded to meet the increased requirements for installation in a nuclear facility. This upgraded prototype was evaluated in the fire test facility at LLNL and shown to be effective in protecting HEPA filters from plugging under the most severe smoke conditions. The last prototype described in this report is a recirculating air filter. After demonstrating a high performance in laboratory tests the unit was shipped to Savannah River where it is awaiting installation in a Pu fuel fabrication facility. An analysis of the particulate problem in Savannah River indicates that four recirculating air filter will save $172,000 per year in maintenance costs.

Kuhl, W.D.; Bergman, W.; Biermann, A.H.; Lum, B.Y.

1982-09-30

326

Medication Reconciliation: Work Domain Ontology, Prototype Development, and a Predictive Model  

PubMed Central

Medication errors can result from administration inaccuracies at any point of care and are a major cause for concern. To develop a successful Medication Reconciliation (MR) tool, we believe it necessary to build a Work Domain Ontology (WDO) for the MR process. A WDO defines the explicit, abstract, implementation-independent description of the task by separating the task from work context, application technology, and cognitive architecture. We developed a prototype based upon the WDO and designed to adhere to standard principles of interface design. The prototype was compared to Legacy Health Systems and Pre-Admission Medication List Builder MR tools via a Keystroke-Level Model analysis for three MR tasks. The analysis found the prototype requires the fewest mental operations, completes tasks in the fewest steps, and completes tasks in the least amount of time. Accordingly, we believe that developing a MR tool, based upon the WDO and user interface guidelines, improves user efficiency and reduces cognitive load.

Markowitz, Eliz; Bernstam, Elmer V.; Herskovic, Jorge; Zhang, Jiajie; Shneiderman, Ben; Plaisant, Catherine; Johnson, Todd R.

2011-01-01

327

Building digest - general building aspects  

SciTech Connect

Thirteen bulletins are compiled covering Flush Doors; Wood Seasoning; Proportioning of Fly Ash Concrete Mix; The Yield of Mortar and Concrete Mix; Solar Water Heater - Domestic Type; Units for Living; Plastics and their Applications in Buildings; Hardboard and Particle Board; Woodwool Board; Material Constants in Building Works; Check-list for Taking Over Newly Constructed Buildings; Some Typical Enquiries and their Replies; and Energy Conservation in Buildings. These bulletins provide a comprehensive, step-by-step set of instructions on how to make and use the materials and techniques covered. Wood preservation and termite and rodent resistance of plastic pipes is also covered.

Damodaran, K.; George, J.; Rehsi, S.S.; Singh, S.; Sofat, G.C.

1981-01-01

328

Phylogeography of Japanese horse chestnut ( Aesculus turbinata ) in the Japanese Archipelago based on chloroplast DNA haplotypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japanese horse chestnut (Aesculus turbinata: Hippocastanaceae) is one of the typical woody plants that grow in temperate riparian forests in the Japanese Archipelago.\\u000a To analyze the phylogeography of this plant in the Japanese Archipelago, we determined cpDNA haplotypes for 337 samples from\\u000a 55 populations covering the entire distribution range. Based on 1,313bp of two spacers, we determined ten haplotypes that

Kanako SugaharaYuko; Yuko Kaneko; Satoshi Ito; Keisuke Yamanaka; Hitoshi Sakio; Kazuhiko Hoshizaki; Wajiro Suzuki; Norikazu Yamanaka; Hiroaki Setoguchi

2011-01-01

329

A method of optimizing solar control and daylighting performance in commercial office buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a method for analyzing the annual cooling and lighting electricity use and peak demand associated with varying fenestration and lighting strategies in commercial office buildings. A prototypical office building module consisting of four perimeter zones and a central core zone was defined and a series of DOE-2 building energy simulations were completed to create a data base for

R. Sullivan; E. S. Lee; S. Selkowitz

1992-01-01

330

System design and house dynamic signature identification for intelligent energy management in residential buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing energy demand from residential buildings and evolving utility pricing policy to regulate energy use during peak times require a new paradigm for energy management in residential buildings. As a prototype for intelligent energy management systems of residential buildings, DREAM (Demand Responsive Electrical Appliance Manager), based on a wireless sensor network, was developed. This autonomous system consisting of wireless sensors

Jae Hwi Jang

2008-01-01

331

Cooling energy savings potential of reflective roofs for residential and commercial buildings in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

We make quantitative estimates of the impact of roof reflectivity on cooling and heating energy use for buildings in the US. Prototypical buildings are simulated with reflective (light in color) and absorptive (dark in color) roofs. Differences of annual cooling and heating energy use and peak electricity demand between dark and light roofs yield the savings. The DOE-2 building energy

H Akbari; S Konopacki; M Pomerantz

1999-01-01

332

Japanese experiences of environmental management.  

PubMed

Japan experienced a very rapid industrialization and economic growth in the era of income doubling in 1960s and at the same time Japan experienced very severe damage from various types of environmental pollution. In this paper, historical development of population, GNP, energy consumption with classification of petroleum, coal and electric power, and CO2 emission are introduced as basic background data on Japanese development. The tragic experience of Minamata disease and Itai-itai disease caused by methyl mercury and cadmium, respectively, are introduced. In two tables, historical development of water pollution and air pollution are summarized. Regarding solid wastes management, the total mass balance in Japan and recent development in legislation framework for enhancement of recycling of wastes are introduced briefly. PMID:12578167

Matsuo, T

2003-01-01

333

The METC prototype lockhopper valve testing and development program review  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy, Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) developed the Lockhopper Valve Test and Development Program to identify and test existing commercially available (state-of-the-art) valves for lockhopper service which is known as the State-of-the-Art (SOA) Lockhopper Valve Test and Development Program. In conjunction with the SOA Program, METC also commissioned the design and building of two new lockhopper valves which became known as the Prototype Lockhopper Valve Testing and Development Program. The purpose of the Proto type Program was to develop and manufacture valves with a capability to operate at higher levels of pressure and temperature and exceed cycle life of existing state-of-the-art valves. Based upon competitive bid and conceptual designs, contracts were awarded to Consolidated Controls Corporation for a ceramic-based gate valve and Fairchild Control Systems Company for a metal alloy segmented-ball valve. Each contractor was to develop and manufacture a specified number of valves to submit for testing in the METC valve test facilities. This paper provides a review and test results of the Prototype Valve Test and Development Program.

Ayers, W.J. Jr.

1983-01-01

334

2Q-LEBT Prototype for the RIA Facility  

SciTech Connect

The Rare Isotope Accelerator (RIA) facility utilizes the concept of simultaneous acceleration of two charge states from the ion source. We are building a prototype two charge-state (2Q) injector of the RIA Driver Linac, which includes an ECR ion source, a LEBT and one-segment of the prototype RFQ. Currently, the 2Q-LEBT Facility consists of Berkeley Ion Equipment Corporation BIE-100 ECR ion source. The rf transmitters, high voltage power supplies, turbo pumps and other related equipment were received with the source. BIE-100 is an all-permanent-magnet source and has the highest magnetic field strengths for an ECR ion source of this type ever built. The magnetic field achieves a maximum strength of 11 kG at the plasma chamber surface and 13 kG on the axis. The source can operate with two-frequency plasma heating of 12.75 and 14.5 GHz. The reassembly of the source has been completed and beam production was achieved in the June 2004. This report includes measured beam current and emittance for 16O from the source along with the beam dynamics simulations. Detailed design of the 2Q-LEBT and the current project status are also presented.

Vinogradov, N.E.; Aseev, V.N.; Kern, M.R.L.; Ostroumov, P.N.; Pardo, R.C.; Scott, R.; Vondrasek, R.C. [Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Ave., Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)

2005-03-15

335

2Q-LEBT Prototype for the RIA Facility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Rare Isotope Accelerator (RIA) facility utilizes the concept of simultaneous acceleration of two charge states from the ion source. We are building a prototype two charge-state (2Q) injector of the RIA Driver Linac, which includes an ECR ion source, a LEBT and one-segment of the prototype RFQ. Currently, the 2Q-LEBT Facility consists of Berkeley Ion Equipment Corporation BIE-100 ECR ion source. The rf transmitters, high voltage power supplies, turbo pumps and other related equipment were received with the source. BIE-100 is an all-permanent-magnet source and has the highest magnetic field strengths for an ECR ion source of this type ever built. The magnetic field achieves a maximum strength of 11 kG at the plasma chamber surface and 13 kG on the axis. The source can operate with two-frequency plasma heating of 12.75 and 14.5 GHz. The reassembly of the source has been completed and beam production was achieved in the June 2004. This report includes measured beam current and emittance for 16O from the source along with the beam dynamics simulations. Detailed design of the 2Q-LEBT and the current project status are also presented.

Vinogradov, N. E.; Aseev, V. N.; Kern, M. R. L.; Ostroumov, P. N.; Pardo, R. C.; Scott, R.; Vondrasek, R. C.

2005-03-01

336

A prototype feature system for feature retrieval using relationships  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Using a feature data model, geographic phenomena can be represented effectively by integrating space, theme, and time. This paper extends and implements a feature data model that supports query and visualization of geographic features using their non-spatial and temporal relationships. A prototype feature-oriented geographic information system (FOGIS) is then developed and storage of features named Feature Database is designed. Buildings from the U.S. Marine Corps Base, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina and subways in Chicago, Illinois are used to test the developed system. The results of the applications show the strength of the feature data model and the developed system 'FOGIS' when they utilize non-spatial and temporal relationships in order to retrieve and visualize individual features.

Choi, J.; Usery, E. L.

2009-01-01

337

Development and Test of a Prototype 100MVA Superconducting Generator  

SciTech Connect

In 2002, General Electric and the US Department of Energy (DOE) entered into a cooperative agreement for the development of a commercialized 100 MVA generator using high temperature superconductors (HTS) in the field winding. The intent of the program was to: Identify and develop technologies that would be needed for such a generator. Develop conceptual designs for generators with ratings of 100 MVA and higher using HTS technology. Perform proof of concept tests at the 1.5 MW level for GEs proprietary warm iron rotor HTS generator concept. Design, build, and test a prototype of a commercially viable 100 MVA generator that could be placed on the power grid. This report summarizes work performed during the program and is provided as one of the final program deliverables.

Fogarty, James M.; Bray, James W.

2007-05-25

338

H2 fuel prototype hydride bed performance tests  

SciTech Connect

H2Fuel is a project to design, build, and demonstrate a hydrogen-electric hybrid city bus for Augusta, GA. The H2Fuel bus uses metal hydride technology for on-board hydrogen fuel storage. This document reports on tests by the Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC) to measure the performance of the H2Fuel prototype hydride bed. Bed diameter measurements were made before and after hydrogen testing. Seven hydrogen absorption-desorption cycles were completed. Significant results include: - maximum hydrogen capacity of approximately 3500 STP liters (0.315 kg) - practical hydrogen capacity of approximately 3000 STP liters (0.270 kg) - absorption tests at four hydrogen supply pressures (75, 100, 140, and 300 psia) - desorption tests at three hydrogen rates (20, 30, and 50 slpm) - no measurable swelling of the hydride bed

Dyer, E.F.

1996-10-01

339

Final report for 1.7 megajoule prototype bank testing  

SciTech Connect

American Control Engineering is pleased to submit to LLNL this Final Report describing the final assembly and preliminary testing of the 1.7 megajoule prototype capacitor bank that is located at our facility. The purpose of this test program was to evaluate and characterize the performance of this capacitor bank. These tests were necessary in order to proceed with the design of a final building block module that is to be used to create a reliable and cost effective multi-hundred megajoule energy storage system. The period of performance covered by this contract is from January 1, 1991 through August 31, 1992. American Control Engineering has provided all of the necessary facilities, personnel and materials that were required to perform this testing effort (except for the existing capacitor bank, the LLNL provided flashlamp assembly and E-size ignitron switch tube), An overall view of the assembled capacitor bank system as it appeared at the completion of this subcontract is shown. The initial statement-of-work for the testing and characterization of the capacitor bank was as follows: (1) Measure all of the principal electrical parameters for the 1.7 megajoule prototype capacitor bank at low voltage before proceeding to high voltage testing. This low voltage testing is to include measurement of both normal and fault current and voltage waveforms, starting with the smallest building block grouping and proceeding systematically through to the capacitor bank load. (2) Assemble and attach each of the major subsystem elements to the capacitor bank as they are required for low voltage testing including the ignition output switch structure, coaxial transmission line and load assembly. (3) Make comparison of the test results collected through low voltage testing with those forecasted by the computer mode. Evaluate and resolve any discrepancies between the two results until the computer model achieves reasonable agreement with the actual measured test results.

NONE

1995-10-01

340

The behavior of the Japanese or domestic quail Coturnix japonica.  

PubMed

This paper reviews the literature pertaining to the behavior of the Japanese or domestic quail Coturnix japonica. Details are given of the classification, characteristics, domestication and the economic and research potential of the species. Further sections deal with sensation and perception (including taste and smell, vision and hearing), maintenance behavior (including feeding and drinking, dust bathing and thermoregulation), development and aging (including vocalization, filial imprinting, sexual imprinting, fear and avoidance responses, sexual maturation and aging), adult learning (including habituation, instrumental conditioning, Pavlovian conditioning and observational learning), photoperiodism, reproductive behavior (including courtship and mating, hormonal control and ontogeny of sexual differentiation, and male and female sexual behavior), parental behavior (including nest-site selection and nest building, incubation behavior and its hormonal control, and hen-chick relationships), and aggressive behavior and dominance (including agonistic behavior and the hormonal control of aggressive behavior). PMID:9168263

Mills, A D; Crawford, L L; Domjan, M; Faure, J M

1997-05-01

341

Building Skills to Build Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Communities are at the heart of the government's vision for the Big Society. And it's the author's strongly held view that skills should be at the heart of each and every one of those communities. If one grows the skills of an individual then the community will flourish. There is a job to be done in building skills to build communities--skilled

Russell, Geoff

2011-01-01

342

Validation of Stereotypes: Japanese Versus American Students.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Stereotype data were drawn from American and Japanese student samples about each other and themselves. The stereotypes were also compared with personal values (Edwards Personal Preference Schedule) as expressed by samples drawn from the same populations. ...

M. Abate F. K. Berrien

1967-01-01

343

Strong Motion Data from Japanese Earthquakes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report contains plots of 177 components of uncorrected and corrected Japanese ground-motion accelerograms recorded between 1956 and 1978. Extensive information pertaining to the processing and characteristics of these records is also included.

A. W. Mori C. B. Crouse

1981-01-01

344

THE MYSTERY OF AN OLD JAPANESE CODEBOOK  

Microsoft Academic Search

A NaYal cryptologic veteran finds an old codebook at a flea market in Santa Rosa CA. Research shows that It may have been stolen from a Japanese commercial vessel shortly before the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941.

Tom Johnson

1995-01-01

345

Protection against Japanese Encephalitis by Inactivated Vaccines.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Encephalitis caused by Japanese encephalitis virus occurs in annual epidemics throughout Asia, making it the principal cause of epidemic viral encephalitis in the world. No currently available vaccine has demonstrated efficacy in preventing this disease i...

C. H. Hoke A. Nisalak N. Sangawhipa S. Jatanasen T. Laorakapongse

1988-01-01

346

Regional Classification of Traditional Japanese Folk Songs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, we focus on the melodies of Japanese folk songs, and examine the basic structures of Japanese folk songs that represent the characteristics of different regions. We sample the five largest song genres within the music corpora of the Nihon Min-yo Taikan (Anthology of Japanese Folk Songs), consisting of 202,246 tones from 1,794 song pieces from 45 prefectures in Japan. Then, we calculate the probabilities of 24 transition patterns that fill the interval of the perfect fourth pitch, which is the interval that maintains most of the frequency for one-step and two-step pitch transitions within 11 regions, in order to determine the parameters for cluster analysis. As a result, we successively classify the regions into two basic groups, eastern Japan and western Japan, which corresponds to geographical factors and cultural backgrounds, and also match accent distributions in the Japanese language.

Kawase, Akihiro; Tokosumi, Akifumi

347

Interpersonal Mistrust and Unhappiness Among Japanese People  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our main objective in this paper is to evaluate the possible association between interpersonal mistrust and unhappiness among\\u000a Japanese people. Based on cross-sectional data for the Japanese general population from the Asia Barometer Survey (20032006),\\u000a we analyzed the relationship between interpersonal mistrust and unhappiness using a logistic regression, adjusted for age,\\u000a gender, marital status, income, education, occupation, religious belief, and

Yasuharu Tokuda; Takashi Inoguchi

2008-01-01

348

Overview of Japanese policy on space station  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Japanese space activities commission decided to participate in the space station program firstly with an experiment module construction and operation and later with a free flyer platform. The material science and processing and life science missions are in high priority for early phase, because they cannot be performed intensively with the currently available means in Japan. It is expected that Japan makes contribution to international cooperation in space as well as to the benefits of Japanese academic and industrial communities.

Kobayashi, Shigeo

349

Size Frequency Distribution of Japanese Given Names  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The size frequency distribution of Japanese given names is analyzed. A power law behavior is observed in a small size range with an exponent smaller than 2, which is close to that of Japanese family names. A similar tendency is observed in the cases of names in other countries. A Galton--Watson-type model with a generalized Yule process combined with an Exclusion Principle in Family (EPiF) is suggested.

Hayakawa, Ryo; Fukuoka, Yuta; Mizuguchi, Tsuyoshi

2012-09-01

350

Radiation exposure limits for Japanese astronauts.  

PubMed

Starting in 2001, Japanese astronauts will live aboard the International Space Station (ISS) for 3 to 6 months a year. For astronauts, space radiation is primarily hazardous. Therefore, the National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) is developing a system for Space Radiation Safety Operations. This report describes our overall image of Space Radiation Safety Operations aboard the ISS, especially our proceedings in drafting the "Space Radiation Exposure Limits for Japanese ISS Astronauts." PMID:10631331

Abe, T; Komiyama, T; Suemitsu, T

1999-12-01

351

Intelligent Buildings  

SciTech Connect

The topic of "intelligent buildings" (IBs) emerged in the early 1980s. Since, the term has been used to represent a variety of related, yet differing topics, each with a slightly different focus and purpose. Wiring and networking-infrastructure companies emphasize the cabling requirements for communication in intelligent buildings and the need to accommodate future needs for higher-speed broadband. Lucent (Lucent 2000) for example, defines an IB as "...one with a completely integrated wiring architecture. A single cabling system that handles all information traffic - voice, data, video, even the big building management systems."

Brambley, Michael R.; Armstrong, Peter R.; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; Pratt, Robert G.; Katipamula, Srinivas

2001-01-01

352

Successful high power test of a proton linac booster (LIBO) prototype for hadrontherapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The linac booster (LIBO) project aims to build a 3 GHz proton linac to give the beam from 50-70 MeV cyclotrons, which exist in several laboratories and hospitals, a final energy of 200 MeV. This will allow the treatment of deep-seated tumours. A prototype of the first LIBO module was designed, constructed and RF tested by a collaboration of CERN,

B. Szeless; P. Berra; E. Rosso; M. Vretenar; U. Amaldi; K. R. Crandall; D. Toet; M. Weiss; R. Zennaro; C. Cicardi; D. Giove; C. De Martinis; D. Davino; M. R. Masullo; V. G. Vaccaro

2001-01-01

353

Preliminary testing of a prototype portable x-ray fluorescence spectrometer. Information circular  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Federal Bureau of Mines participated with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and Martin Marietta Aerospace in developing, building, and testing a portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometer for use as an analyzer in mineral-resource investigative work. The prototype battery-powered spectrometer, measuring 11 by 12 by 5 inches and weighing only about 15 pounds, was designed specifically for field use. The

L. L. Patten; N. B. Anderson; J. J. Stevenson

1982-01-01

354

Virtual Prototyping of T-Engine Systems Using RTOS Centric Co-Simulation in Systemc  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present our methodology for virtual prototyping at high level of abstraction, to validate the execution of real time applications on simulated H\\/W, using RTOS centric co-simulation in System C. The basic rationale of our methodology is to build simulation models of RTOS kernels targeting the mu-ITRON OS specification standard and use these models as centre of

M. A. Hassan; K. Sakanushi; Y. Takeuchi; M. Imai

2005-01-01

355

Prototyping QoS based architecture for power plant control applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of the project is to gain experience on QoS (quality of service) based distributed system for EDF's power control applications. EDF is the French power utility. QoS is related to time constraints in this case. We adopted a distributed system approach to build our execution platform. The first prototype uses a modified ChorusOS micro-kernel with a real-time inter-process

C. Lizzi; L. Bacon; E. Becquet

2000-01-01

356

Sexual partner preference in female Japanese macaques.  

PubMed

Whether animals ever exhibit a preference for same-sex sexual partners is a subject of debate. Japanese macaques represent excellent models for examining issues related to sexual preference in animals because females, in certain populations, routinely engage in both heterosexual and homosexual behavior over the course of their life spans. Multiple lines of evidence indicate that female homosexual behavior in Japanese macaques is a sexual behavior, not a sociosexual one. Additional evidence indicates that female Japanese macaques do not engage in homosexual behavior simply because acceptable male mates are unavailable or unmotivated to copulate. Patterns of sexual partner choice by female Japanese macaques that are the focus of intersexual competition indicate that females of this species choose same-sex sexual partners even when they are simultaneously presented with a motivated, opposite-sex alternative. Thus, in some populations of Japanese macaques, females prefer certain same-sex sexual partners relative to certain male mates, and vice versa. Taken together, this evidence suggests that female Japanese macaques are best characterized as bisexual in orientation, not preferentially homosexual or preferentially heterosexual. PMID:11910792

Vasey, Paul L

2002-02-01

357

Computer-Aided Prototyping for ASIC-Based Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of computer-aided prototyping (CAP) with the RPM Emulation System is described. RPM creates a hardware functional prototype from an ASIC or full-custom chip netlist. It reads the chip netlist and then converts the chip design gates into a prototype design. It then synthesizes the prototype design, obtaining the information it needs to configure the reprogrammable hardware, primarily with

Stephen Walters

1991-01-01

358

[Improved prototype electrical resistance cooking apparatus with automatic circuit]; Final report and sixteenth quarterly report ending March 31, 1991  

SciTech Connect

This report is the sixteenth quarterly report and final report to the Department of Energy on the progress of designing, building and testing an improved prototype of the ``Electrical Resistance Cooking Apparatus``; otherwise known as Instant Burger. This report is for the quarter ending March 31, 1991. Our contract expired August 16, 1990.

NONE

1991-04-26

359

Lightweight composite fighting cover prototype development program  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Army Field Assistance Science and Technology Program requested Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to demonstrate the use of lightweight composite materials in construction of overhead covers for reinforced infantry fighting positions. In recent years, ORNL researchers have designed and tested several concepts for lightweight ballistic protection structures, and they have developed numerous prototype composite structures for military and civilian applications. In the current program, composite panel designs and materials are tested and optimized to meet anticipated static and dynamic load conditions for the overhead cover structure. Ten prototype composite covers were built at ORNL for use in Army field tests. Each composite cover has a nominal surface area of 12 ft[sup 2] and a nominal weight of 8 lb. Four of the prototypes are made with folding sections to improve their handling characteristics. The composite covers exhibit equivalent performance in Army field tests to covers made with conventional materials that weigh four times as much.

Wrenn, G.E. Jr.; Frame, B.J.; Gwaltney, R.C.; Akerman, M.A.

1996-07-01

360

Online object tracking with sparse prototypes.  

PubMed

Online object tracking is a challenging problem as it entails learning an effective model to account for appearance change caused by intrinsic and extrinsic factors. In this paper, we propose a novel online object tracking algorithm with sparse prototypes, which exploits both classic principal component analysis (PCA) algorithms with recent sparse representation schemes for learning effective appearance models. We introduce l(1) regularization into the PCA reconstruction, and develop a novel algorithm to represent an object by sparse prototypes that account explicitly for data and noise. For tracking, objects are represented by the sparse prototypes learned online with update. In order to reduce tracking drift, we present a method that takes occlusion and motion blur into account rather than simply includes image observations for model update. Both qualitative and quantitative evaluations on challenging image sequences demonstrate that the proposed tracking algorithm performs favorably against several state-of-the-art methods. PMID:22692912

Wang, Dong; Lu, Huchuan; Yang, Ming-Hsuan

2012-06-05

361

Modalities of Infant-Mother Interaction in Japanese, Japanese American Immigrant, and European American Dyads  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Cultural variation in relations and moment-to-moment contingencies of infant-mother person-oriented and object-oriented interactions were compared in 118 Japanese, Japanese American immigrant, and European American dyads with 5.5-month-olds. Infant and mother person-oriented behaviors were related in all cultural groups, but infant and mother

Bornstein, Marc H.; Cote, Linda R.; Haynes, O. Maurice; Suwalsky, Joan T. D.; Bakeman, Roger

2012-01-01

362

Pretending to Be Japanese: Artistic Play in a Japanese-American Church and Family  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With high rates of out-marriage and dwindling need for bilingual worship, Japanese-American churches face a critical question: "Why retain the Japanese part of our identity?" This article explores how one layperson (Naomi Takahashi Goto) draws from her experience as an artist, teacher, and mother to help her congregation answer this question.

Goto, Courtney T.

2008-01-01

363

What Does 'Face' Mean to the Japanese? Understanding the Import of 'Face' in Japanese Business Interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japan has the second largest economy in the world, and is a major trading partner for countries throughout the Asia-Pacific, including China and the United States. Due to the importance of the Japanese economy for international trade and business, ways in which to successfully conduct business with the Japanese have been the topic of both popular \\

MICHAEL HAUGH

364

Characteristics of Japanese and Japanese Americans in Psychotherapy in Japan and the U.S.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In spite of the growing volume of research on Asian Americans since the late 1960's, very little examination in the mental health field has been done of specific groups of Asian Americans. To compare the mental health treatment characteristics of Japanese in Japan and Japanese Americans in the United States, 27 Tokyo therapists and their 120

Nishio, Kazumi

365

Modular Building Controls Virtual Test Bed for the Integration of Heterogeneous Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper describes the Building Controls Virtual Test Bed (BCVTB) that is currently under development at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. An earlier prototype linked EnergyPlus with controls hardware through embedded SPARK models and demonstrated ...

M. Wetter P. Haves

2008-01-01

366

Cherenkov detector prototype for ILC polarimetry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Precise knowledge of all beam parameters is crucial to fully exploit the physics potential of the International Linear Collider (ILC). A sufficiently accurate measurement of the beam polarisation can only be achieved using dedicated high energy Compton polarimeters combined with well-designed Cherenkov detectors. The requirements have been evaluated and a suitable Cherenkov detector prototype has been designed, simulated and constructed accordingly. This prototype allows nearly all aspects of the final detector to be studied and has been operated successfully in a testbeam of which first results are presented as well.

Kfer, Daniela; Bartels, Christoph; Helebrant, Christian; List, Jenny

2011-05-01

367

RK-TBA prototype RF source  

SciTech Connect

A prototype rf power source based on the Relativistic Klystron Two-Beam Accelerator (RK-TBA) concept is being constructed at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory to study physics, engineering, and costing issues. The prototype is described and compared to a full scale design appropriate for driving the Next Linear Collider (NLC). Specific details of the induction core tests and pulsed power system are presented. The 1-MeV, 1.2-kA induction gun currently under construction is also described in detail.

Houck, T.; Anderson, D.; Giordano, G. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)] [and others

1996-04-11

368

Homogamy and Intermarriage of Japanese and Japanese Americans With Whites Surrounding World War II  

PubMed Central

Although some sociologists have suggested that Japanese Americans quickly assimilated into mainstream America, scholars of Japanese America have highlighted the heightened exclusion that the group experienced. This study tracked historical shifts in the exclusion level of Japanese and Japanese Americans in the United States surrounding World War II with homogamy and intermarriage with Whites for the prewar (19301940) and resettlement (19461966) marriage cohorts. The authors applied log-linear models to census microsamples (N = 1,590,416) to estimate the odds ratios of homogamy versus intermarriage. The unadjusted odds ratios of Japanese Americans declined between cohorts and appeared to be consistent with the assimilation hypothesis. Once compositional influences and educational pairing patterns were adjusted, however, the odds ratios increased and supported the heightened exclusion hypothesis.

Ono, Hiromi; Berg, Justin

2010-01-01

369

Homogamy and Intermarriage of Japanese and Japanese Americans With Whites Surrounding World War II.  

PubMed

Although some sociologists have suggested that Japanese Americans quickly assimilated into mainstream America, scholars of Japanese America have highlighted the heightened exclusion that the group experienced. This study tracked historical shifts in the exclusion level of Japanese and Japanese Americans in the United States surrounding World War II with homogamy and intermarriage with Whites for the prewar (1930-1940) and resettlement (1946-1966) marriage cohorts. The authors applied log-linear models to census microsamples (N = 1,590,416) to estimate the odds ratios of homogamy versus intermarriage. The unadjusted odds ratios of Japanese Americans declined between cohorts and appeared to be consistent with the assimilation hypothesis. Once compositional influences and educational pairing patterns were adjusted, however, the odds ratios increased and supported the heightened exclusion hypothesis. PMID:21116449

Ono, Hiromi; Berg, Justin

2010-10-01

370

Polymeric rapid prototyping for inexpensive and portable medical diagnostics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The advent of inexpensive CO2 laser systems has led to a wide range of demonstrations of microfabricated lab on chip systems built of acrylic. However, there has been little application of these systems to building microfluidics for DNA analysis. In this work we explore the use of CO2 laser systems for building microfluidics for DNA analysis and relate the artifacts of the fabrication technology to the performance of the system. We show that surface roughness that leads to significant constrictions in the separation channel provides an upper limit of the size of DNA that can be analysed. Below that upper limit, the resolution of the chip is strongly affected by the degree to which the separation channel is exposed to redeposited by-products of the ablation process. We show that by controlling these effects we are reliably able to discern two types of PCR product as a test representative of a real application. By being able to do this is in microfluidic devices the size of a postage stamp we have shown that we can now use CO2 laser systems for the development of extremely inexpensive diagnostic systems using a rapid prototyping approach.

Ma, Tianchi; Northrup, Victoria; Fung, Andrew O.; Glerum, D. Moira; Backhouse, Christopher J.

371

A prototype of a virtual analysis facility: First experiences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Current Grid deployments for LHC computing (namely the WLCG infrastructure) do not allow efficient parallel interactive processing of data. In order to allow physicists to interactively access subsets of data (e.g. for algorithm tuning and debugging before running over a full dataset) parallel analysis facilities based on PROOF have been deployed by the ALICE experiment at CERN and elsewhere. Whereas large Tier-1 centres may afford to build such facilities at the expense of their Grid farms, or exploit the large number of jobs finishing at any given time to quickly collect a number of nodes to temporarily allocate for interactive work, this is likely not to be true for smaller Tier-2 centres. Leveraging on the virtualization of highly performant multi-core machines it is possible to build a fully virtual analysis facility on the same Worker Nodes that compose an existing LCG Grid Farm. Using the Xen paravirtualization hypervisor, it is then possible to dynamically move resources from the batch instance to the interactive one when needed, minimizing latencies and wasted resources. We present the status of the prototype being developed, and some experience from the very first users.

Bagnasco, S.; Berzano, D.; Lusso, S.; Masera, M.

2010-04-01

372

A building life-cycle information system for tracking building performance metrics  

SciTech Connect

Buildings often do not perform as well in practice as expected during pre-design planning, nor as intended at the design stage. While this statement is generally considered to be true, it is difficult to quantify the impacts and long-term economic implications of a building in which performance does not meet expectations. This leads to a building process that is devoid of quantitative feedback that could be used to detect and correct problems both in an individual building and in the building process itself. One key element in this situation is the lack of a standardized method for documenting and communicating information about the intended performance of a building. This paper describes the Building Life-cycle Information System (BLISS); designed to manage a wide range of building related information across the life cycle of a building project. BLISS is based on the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) developed by the International Alliance for Interoperability. A BLISS extension to th e IFC that adds classes for building performance metrics is described. Metracker, a prototype tool for tracking performance metrics across the building life cycle, is presented.

Hitchcock, R.J.; Piette, M.A.; Selkowitz, S.E.

1999-04-01

373

International Testing of a Mars Rover Prototype.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Tests on a prototype engineering model of the Russian Mars 96 Rover were conducted by an international team in and near Death Valley in the United States in late May, 1992. These tests were part of a comprehensive design and testing program initiated by t...

A. L. Kemurjian V. Linkin L. Friedman

1993-01-01

374

Options Approach to Software Prototyping Decisions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Abstract Prototyping is often used to predict, or reduce the uncertainty over, the future profitability of a software design choice. We propose a general multi-period approach that takes into account the flexibility of being able to postpone the prototypi...

P. Chalasani S. Jha K. Sullivan

1997-01-01

375

Evaluation of Prototype Electrically Heated Handwear.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study compared the responses of eight subjects wearing prototype electrically heated gloves and unheated handwear at 0 deg C, -9 deg C and - 18 deg C. The premise of the study was that the electrically heated gloves would maintain hand warmth at leas...

W. R. Santee S. P. Mullen B. S. Laprise L. A. Blanchard

1999-01-01

376

Conceptual Design of a Prototype LSST Database  

SciTech Connect

This document describes a preliminary design for Prototype LSST Database (LSST DB). They identify key components and data structures and provide an expandable conceptual schema for the database. The authors discuss the potential user applications and post-processing algorithm to interact with the database, and give a set of example queries.

Nikolaev, S; Huber, M E; Cook, K H; Abdulla, G; Brase, J

2004-10-07

377

Prototype Runway Hold-Short Lighting System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A prototype runway hold-short lighting system was developed at the FAA Technical Center. The purpose of this lighting system is to provide identification to a pilot, while landing during intersecting runway landing and takeoff operations, of the point at ...

E. S. Katz T. H. Paprocki

1991-01-01

378

NEST: a network simulation and prototyping testbed  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Network Simulation Testbed (NEST) is a graphical environment for simulation and rapid-prototyping of distributed networked systems and protocols. Designers of distributed networked systems require the ability to study the systems operations under a variety of simulated network scenarios. For example, designers of a routing protocol need to study the steady-state performance features of the mechanism as well as its

Alexander Dupuy; Jed Schwartz; Yechiam Yemini; David F. Bacon

1990-01-01

379

Rapid Prototyping and Incremental Evolution Using SLAM  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper shows the outlines of the SLAM system, that allows for an effective use of Formal Methods (FM) in Rapid Application Development (RAD) and other prototyp- ing processes. The SLAM system, includes an expressive object oriented specification language and a development environment that, among other features, is able to generate efficient and readable code in a high level object

ngel Herranz-nieva; Juan Jos Moreno-navarro

2003-01-01

380

Testing of Prototype Knee-Protective Devices.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the present study was to develop the prototype into a knee pad that would find a high degree of acceptance among coal mine workers. The result of the study is a knee pad design which rated second out of nine in the comparative evaluation. A...

E. P. Thal-Larsen R. B. Sleight

1974-01-01

381

Measurement Specifications for Manufacturers' Prototype Bodies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to examine information on body measurement specifications for one prototype body used by women's apparel manufacturers-fit models. Specifically, information was examined to determine if fit model measurement specifications had changed since 1986. Measurement specifications need to be revised regularly to accommodate changes in the population's anthropometry. Advertisements for sizes 8 and 10fit models were

Jane E. Workman; Elizabeth S. Lentz

2000-01-01

382

NSLS prototype small-gap undulator (PSGU).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NSLS Prototype Small-Gap Undulator (PSGU) will serve as a tool to study lifetime degradation and the onset of beam instabilities as the beam duct aperture is decreased. The device will consist of variable-gap vacuum vessel had a permanent magnet undul...

P. M. Stefan L. Solomon S. Krinsky G. Rakowsky

1991-01-01

383

Zinc/bromine prototype batteries evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Prototype flowing electrolyte batteries are being tested at Sandia National Laboratories. Zinc/bromine batteries from Exxon Research and Engineering Company and from Energy Research Corporation are being evaluated. Results of tests on four Exxon units and one ERC unit are discussed. These results include battery cycle histories, electrochemical efficiencies, parametric test data, and failure analysis results.

Butler, P.C.; Miller, D.W.

1983-08-01

384

Zinc\\/bromine prototype-batteries evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prototype flowing electrolyte batteries are being tested at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). Zinc\\/bromine batteries from Exxon Research and Engineering Company and from Energy Research Corporation (ERC) are being evaluated. Results of tests on four Exxon units and one ERC unit will be discussed. These results include battery cycle histories, electrochemical efficiencies, parametric test data, and failure analysis results.

P. C. Butler; D. W. Miller

1983-01-01

385

Zinc/bromine prototype-batteries evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Prototype flowing electrolyte batteries are being tested at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). Zinc/bromine batteries from Exxon Research and Engineering Company and from Energy Research Corporation (ERC) are being evaluated. Results of tests on four Exxon units and one ERC unit will be discussed. These results include battery cycle histories, electrochemical efficiencies, parametric test data, and failure analysis results.

Butler, P.C.; Miller, D.W.

1983-01-01

386

Zinc\\/bromine prototype batteries evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prototype flowing electrolyte batteries are being tested at Sandia National Laboratories. Zinc\\/bromine batteries from Exxon Research and Engineering Company and from Energy Research Corporation are being evaluated. Results of tests on four Exxon units and one ERC unit are discussed. These results include battery cycle histories, electrochemical efficiencies, parametric test data, and failure analysis results.

P. C. Butler; D. W. Miller

1983-01-01

387

Web tools for rapid experimental visualization prototyping  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quite often a researcher finds themselves looking at spreadsheets of high-dimensional data generated by experimental models and user studies. We can use analysis to challenge or confirm hypothesis, but unexpected results can easily be lost in the shuffle. For this reason, it would be useful to visualize the results so we can explore our data and make new discoveries. Web browsers have become increasingly capable for creating complex, multi-view applications. Javascript is quickly becoming a de facto standard for scripting, online and offline. This work demonstrates the use of web technologies as a powerful tool for rapid visualization prototyping. We have developed two prototypes: One for high-dimensional results of the abELICIT - multi-agent version of the ELICIT platform tasked with collaborating to identify the parameters of a pending attack. Another prototype displays responses to a user study on the effectiveness of multi-layer visualization techniques. We created coordinated multiple views prototypes in the Google Chrome web browser written in Javascript, CSS and HTML. We will discuss the benefits and shortcomings of this approach.

Decker, Jonathan W.; Livingstion, Mark A.

2013-01-01

388

Integrating HLA, SCORM, and Instruction: Three Prototypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examination of three ADL prototypes, two of which integrate the High Level Architecture (HLA), the Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM), and training applications suggests that four basic components are needed: a communications link, access to simulation state data, a means to map student performance to simulation state data, and a means to map simulation states and student performance to

Philip V. W. Dodds; J. D. Fletcher

389

ROVER: A Prototype Active Vision System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Roving Eyes project is an experiment in active vision. We present the design and implementation of a prototype that tracks colored balls in images from an on-line CCD camera. Rover is designed to keep up with its rapidly changing environment by handli...

D. J. Coombs B. D. Marsh

1987-01-01

390

On a CNN chip-prototyping system  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analogic CNN chip prototyping and development system was designed and manufactured to test and measure different VLSI implementations of the analogic CNN Universal Machine. A high level language was developed to support the design of analogic algorithms and an image capture was designed for on-chip image sensing and through CCD camera

Tamas Roska; Peter Szolgay; A. Zarandy; Peter L. Venetianer; Andras Radvanyi; Tamas Sziranyi

1994-01-01

391

The Rocky 7 Mars rover prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a system overview of a new Mars rover prototype, Rocky 7. We describe all system aspects: mechanical and electrical design, computer and software infrastructure, algorithms for navigation and manipulation, science data acquisition, and outdoor rover testing. In each area, the improved or added functionality is explained in a context of its path to flight, and need within

Richard Volpe; J. Balaram; T. Ohm; Robert Ivlev

1996-01-01

392

Analysis of the TRIPS prototype block predictor  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the performance of the TRIPS proto- type chip's block predictor. The prototype is the first imple- mentation of the block-atomic TRIPS architecture, wherein the unit of execution is a TRIPS hyperblock. The TRIPS pro- totype predictor uses a two-step prediction process: it first predicts the exit from the current hyperblock and uses the predicted exit in conjunction

Nitya Ranganathan; Doug Burger; Stephen W. Keckler

2009-01-01

393

EEG Analyzer prototype based on FPGA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents an implementation of a FPGA- based prototype for an EEG Analyzer device. It is a portable biomedical device that performs electroencephalographic (EEG) signal analysis targeted at real-time in-field diagnostics of human brain disorders such as depression. The analysis is based on an original algorithm for calculation of spectral asymmetry index (SASI). The paper provides implementation details of

Maksim Jenihhin; Maksim Gorev; Vadim Pesonen; Dmitri Mihhailov; Peeter Ellervee; Hiie Hinrikus; Maie Bachmann; Jaanus Lass

2011-01-01

394

Development of a prototype lignin concentration sensor  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy, Office of Industrial Technologies, is sponsoring a research and development program for the development of a real-time, in-situ sensor to measure the concentration of lignin in wood pulp. The program is composed of phase I showing feasibility which is now complete, phase II for development and testing of a Field Prototype, in progress, Phase III commercialization. Phase I work (funded entirely by B W) demonstrated a correlation between the fluorescence intensity and lignin concentration (as measured by TAPPI procedure, T 236 hm-85 Kappa Number of Pulp) for undiluted wood pulp samples. In Phase II, a laboratory test program directed at characterizing the fluorescence of wood pulp has been conducted as a prelude to the design of a prototype sensor. The current report summarizes the testing completed in Phase I and documents the Phase II laboratory testing completed through December 1991. Future Phase II efforts include additional laboratory testing, design and fabrication of a prototype sensor, and field testing of the prototype sensor. Phase III of the program will concentrate on the incorporation of the sensor into a control system and commercialization of the sensor.

Malito, M.L.; Jeffers, L.A.

1993-01-01

395

Development of a prototype lignin concentration sensor  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy, Office of Industrial Technologies, is sponsoring a research and development program for the development of a real-time, in-situ sensor to measure the concentration of lignin in wood pulp. The program is composed of phase I showing feasibility which is now complete, phase II for development and testing of a Field Prototype, in progress, Phase III commercialization. Phase I work (funded entirely by B&W) demonstrated a correlation between the fluorescence intensity and lignin concentration (as measured by TAPPI procedure, T 236 hm-85 Kappa Number of Pulp) for undiluted wood pulp samples. In Phase II, a laboratory test program directed at characterizing the fluorescence of wood pulp has been conducted as a prelude to the design of a prototype sensor. The current report summarizes the testing completed in Phase I and documents the Phase II laboratory testing completed through December 1991. Future Phase II efforts include additional laboratory testing, design and fabrication of a prototype sensor, and field testing of the prototype sensor. Phase III of the program will concentrate on the incorporation of the sensor into a control system and commercialization of the sensor.

Malito, M.L.; Jeffers, L.A.

1993-01-01

396

Low cost miniaturization of an implantable prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present the stages for manufacturing a low-cost miniaturized prototype device, which observes the restrictions of implantable medical devices. The device measures the electrocardiography. The power for the implant is received passively as the same magnetic field as data is transferred to the reader device. Design\\/methodology\\/approach In this manufacturing technique, only

Henna Heinil; Jarno Riistama; Pekka Heino; Jukka Lekkala

2009-01-01

397

Computational prototyping of the Chemical Imaging Sensor  

Microsoft Academic Search

A computational prototyping environment has been developed for the chemical imaging sensor, an IR imaging passive standoff detection device based on the rapid-scan Fourier transform interferometer. The environment uses commercially available software (AVS) which features a visual programing interface, extensive visualization capabilities, interactive steering, and an ability to distribute computations over a heterogenous group of computers. Physical models developed to

Slawomir Blonski; Meng H. Lean; Janet L. Jensen; Ronald B. Crosier; Mark S. Schlein

1997-01-01

398

A Prototype Expert System for Fishway Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the development of a prototype expert system to recommend the most suitable type of fishway for given design conditions. Recommendations are provided on the basis of fishway hydraulics, fish passage performance, and cost requirements. An appendix provides an example consultation. (MDH)|

Bender, Michael J.; And Others

1992-01-01

399

Monitoring technical systems with prototype based clustering  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an application of generalized relevance learning vector quantization (GRLVQ) to the supervision of piston compressors in industry. Thereby, GRLVQ constitutes a prototype-based clustering algorithm with adaptive diagonal metric based on LVQ. In the reported application, further adaptation of the distance measure is necessary in order to allow invariance with respect to small time shifts. Depending on the respective

Thorsten Bojer; Barbara Hammer; Christian Koers

2003-01-01

400

Automated inventory tracking system prototype in cloud  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we investigate possible solutions for alleviating retail manufacturers of logistical concerns by using inexpensive cell phones with WAP and WiFi capabilities, low resolution digital cameras, and open source applications for web hosts in the cloud to store and process business information. The proposed inventory tracking system prototype is aimed at the companys agents whose responsibilities are to

Rob Grmek; Youry Khmelevsky; Dmitry Syrotovsky

2011-01-01

401

Rapid prototype modeling in a multimodality world  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: Rapid prototype modeling (RPM) has been used in medicine principally for bones - that are easily extracted from CT data sets - for planning orthopaedic, plastic or maxillo-facial interventions, and\\/or for designing custom prostheses and implants. Based on newly available technology, highly valuable multimodality approaches can now be applied to RPM, particularly for complex musculo-skeletal (MSK) tumors where multimodality

Luc Bidaut; John Madewell; Alan Yasko

2006-01-01

402

CFPC material characteristics and SLS prototyping process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to characterize the material properties of carbon fiber polyamide composite (CFPC) used in a 3D rapid prototyping process based upon selective laser sintering (SLS) and demonstrate that the SLS process introduces a bias in the micro-fiber orientation such that the CFPC solid is an orthotropic structural material. Design\\/methodology\\/approach Material coupons for

R. Bruce Floersheim; Gene Hou; Kent Firestone

2009-01-01

403

Prototype nickel component demonstration. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have been developing a process to produce high-purity nickel structures from nickel carbonyl using chemical vapor deposition (CVD). The prototype demonstration effort had been separated into a number of independent tasks to allow Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) the greatest flexibility in tailoring the project to their needs. LANL selected three of the proposed tasks to be performed--Task 1-

Boss

1994-01-01

404

COCKPIT INSTRUMENTAT ION VIRTUAL PROTOTYP ING  

Microsoft Academic Search

A completely 3D and interactive technique for cockpit instrumentation prototyping and visualization is presented in this paper. Nowadays Virtual Reality features are widely used in many fields of human activity, including leisure and entertainment. From military training to engineering design, VR can dramatically increase visualization and interaction capabilities adding true 3D vision in m any software applications. Cockpit design and

F. Persiani; A. Liverani

405

SUPPORT AND FLIGHTLINE BUILDINGS, LOOKING TOWARD SQUADRON OPERATIONS BUILDING (BUILDING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

SUPPORT AND FLIGHTLINE BUILDINGS, LOOKING TOWARD SQUADRON OPERATIONS BUILDING (BUILDING 2716)RIGHT, AIR FORCE COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS (AFCS) MAINTENANCE FACILITY (BUILDING 2714)CENTER AND BASE OPERATIONS (BUILDING 2712)LEFT. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST - Plattsburgh Air Force Base, U.S. Route 9, Plattsburgh, Clinton County, NY

406

Building Design  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Building Design site bills itself as "the architects" website", and it is a claim that is quite accurate and apropos. Designed to complement their print publication, the site is a treasure-trove of material for just about anyone who is involved in any aspect of building, including architects, design theorists, planners, and so on. As the magazine is based in the United Kingdom, there's definitely a British Isles focus. Readers probably won't mind as the site offers excellent coverage of the field in the "News" section, where they can sign up to receive email updates, watch some slideshows of new and proposed buildings, and read long-form pieces. Not surprisingly, the site is keeping up with the proverbial Joneses" by offering a smattering of intelligent and lively blogs, coupled with podcasts that mix contemporary interviews and discussions with archived materials such as talks with Buckminster Fuller on his environmental philosophy.

407

Beliefs about Overcoming Psychological Problems among British and Japanese Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the cultural differences among Japanese students, British students, and Japanese students studying in Britain, concerning their beliefs on overcoming five psychological problems: depression, obesity, smoking cessation, agoraphobia, and lack of confidence. (CMK)

Furnham, Adrian; Ota, Hiromi; Tatsuro, Hosoe; Koyasu, Masuo

2000-01-01

408

Japanese Strategy and Operational Art at Pearl Harbor.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 1941 Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor has been widely characterized as strategic foolishness, operationally questionable or as tactical brilliance. This paper analyzes pre-war Japanese strategy and the operational planning for the Pearl Harbor raid in ...

D. S. Killey

1995-01-01

409

3. View of Japanese village, type C structure, facing eastsoutheast ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. View of Japanese village, type C structure, facing east-southeast - Nevada Test Site, Japanese Village, Type C Structure, Area 4, Yucca Flat, 4-04 Road near Rainier Mesa Road, Mercury, Nye County, NV

410

Assessment of Japanese Attitudes toward International Collaboration in Big Science.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is an assessment of Japanese attitudes toward international collaboration in big science. The purpose of this assessment is to gather insights - rather than to conduct a comprehensive analysis - on Japanese approaches to international collabor...

K. G. Pechter

1994-01-01

411

Japanese - U.S. Missile Defense: Stepping Stone towards Normalization.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

United States-Japanese missile defense cooperation signals yet another step in Japan's continuing trend of 'normalization' and official acknowledgement that Japan has a significant military force. This thesis analyzes the current status of the Japanese mi...

J. P. Oberle

2005-01-01

412

Building Tall  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this engineering activity (page 2 of PDF), young learners investigate how a wide base can make a building more stable. Learners use blocks or boxes of different sizes to construct stable towers. Learners will compare and contrast different structures, document their observations, experiment with different materials, and conduct stability tests. This activity is part of the Curious George "Under Construction" lesson plan and related to the show Curious George on PBS, specifically the episode "Curious George's Home for Pigeons." The lesson plan includes several activities that explore building engineering. Activities are connected to fiction and non-fiction books and include family extension projects.

Kids, Pbs

2006-01-01

413

WorldSID Prototype Dummy Biomechanical Responses.  

PubMed

The results of biomechanical testing of the WorldSID prototype dummy are presented in this paper. The WorldSID dummy is a new, advanced Worldwide Side Impact Dummy that has the anthropometry of a mid-sized adult male. The first prototype of this dummy has been evaluated by the WorldSID Task Group against previously established corridors for its critical body regions. The response corridors are defined in the International Organization of Standardization (ISO) Technical Report 9790. The prototype is the first version of the WorldSID dummy to be built and tested. This dummy has been subjected to a rigorous program of testing to evaluate, first and foremost its biofidelity, but also its repeatability. Following this initial evaluation, any required modifications will be incorporated into a pre-production version of the WorldSID dummy so that it rates "good" to "excellent" on the ISO dummy biofidelity scale - a rating exceeding that of all current side impact dummies. Also, the overall WorldSID repeatability must not exceed a coefficient of variation of 7% at injury assessment level and this has to be verified for the different body regions. The dummy's head, neck, thorax, abdomen and pelvis were evaluated against the ISO technical report requirements. Testing included drop tests, pendulum impacts, and sled tests. The biofidelity rating of the WorldSID prototype was calculated using the weighted biomechanical test response procedure developed by ISO. The paper presents the results of the testing, which give a very positive indication of the dummy's potential. Based on this evaluation of the dummy biofidelity, the WorldSID prototype dummy exhibits a biofidelity rating of 6.15 that corresponds to an ISO biofidelity classification of "fair". In addition, the dummy shows good repeatability with a global coefficient of variation of 3.30% for the pendulum and rigid sled tests. PMID:17458750

Cesari, D; Compigne, S; Scherer, R; Xu, L; Takahashi, N; Page, M; Asakawa, K; Kostyniuk, G; Hautmann, E; Bortenschlager, K; Sakurai, M; Harigae, T

2001-11-01

414

Searching for a ``black sky'' in the Andes Mountains: A migratory process and identity formation of a Japanese astronomer in Peru  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the transnational migratory process and identity formation of a Japanese astronomer, Mutsumi Ishitkuta (born 1930). He moved to Peru in 1957 to build a solar observatory in the Andes Mountains, and settled there to develop a foundation for basic sciences in Peru. Through life story interviews, I explore the transnational migratory process of this scientist focusing on

Naoko Kato-Nitta

2011-01-01

415

2. PRINTING AND ADVERTISING BUILDING, ADMINISTRATION BUILDING, MERCHANDISE BUILDING, AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. PRINTING AND ADVERTISING BUILDING, ADMINISTRATION BUILDING, MERCHANDISE BUILDING, AND GARDEN, VIEW TO SOUTHWEST - Sears Roebuck & Company Mail Order Plant, Bounded by Lexington & Grenshaw Streets, Kedzie Avenue & Independence Boulevard, Chicago, Cook County, IL

416

Polymorphic heterochromatic segments in Japanese quail microchromosomes.  

PubMed

Using highly extended lampbrush chromosomes from diplotene oocytes, we have examined the distribution of heterochromatin protein 1 beta (HP1 beta) and histone H3 modifications on chicken (Gallus gallus) and Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) (2n = 78) microchromosomes. Acrocentric microchromosomes of chicken and submetacentric microchromosomes of quail differ in several morphological features. In addition to pericentromeric and subtelomeric blocks of constitutive heterochromatin, which are enriched in HP1 beta protein and repressive histone modifications, not completely condensed but heterochromatic segments were found to be an attribute of the short arms of submetacentric microchromosomes in Japanese quail. These heterochromatic regions are variable in length and do not form chiasmata in female germ cells. Dissimilarity in the centromere positions in chicken and Japanese quail microchromosomes is proposed to be due to the accumulation of repetitive sequences on the short arms of quail microchromosomes. Transcriptional activation of polymorphic heterochromatic segments of quail microchromosomes during the lampbrush stage is demonstrated. PMID:20016164

Krasikova, A; Daks, A; Zlotina, A; Gaginskaya, E

2009-12-09

417

Building America Industrialized Housing Partnership (BAIHP II)  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the work conducted by the Building America Industrialized Housing Partnership (BAIHP - www.baihp.org) during the final budget period (BP5) of our contract, January 1, 2010 to November 30, 2010. Highlights from the four previous budget periods are included for context. BAIHP is led by the Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) of the University of Central Florida. With over 50 Industry Partners including factory and site builders, work in BP5 was performed in six tasks areas: Building America System Research Management, Documentation and Technical Support; System Performance Evaluations; Prototype House Evaluations; Initial Community Scale Evaluations; Project Closeout, Final Review of BA Communities; and Other Research Activities.

Abernethy, Bob; Chandra, Subrato; Baden, Steven; Cummings, Jim; Cummings, Jamie; Beal, David; Chasar, David; Colon, Carlos; Dutton, Wanda; Fairey, Philip; Fonorow, Ken; Gil, Camilo; Gordon, Andrew; Hoak, David; Kerr, Ryan; Peeks, Brady; Kosar, Douglas; Hewes, Tom; Kalaghchy, Safvat; Lubliner, Mike; Martin, Eric; McIlvaine, Janet; Moyer, Neil; Liguori, Sabrina; Parker, Danny; Sherwin, John; Stroer, Dennis; Thomas-Rees, Stephanie; Daniel, Danielle; McIlvaine, Janet

2010-11-30

418

Helping Americans adapt to the Japanese cultural system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compares some of the cultural differences between the American and Japanese cultures. States that because of the emphasis on the personal relationship in business held by the Japanese, a minor mistake in business etiquettes can result in failure. Considers the concept of gift giving, visiting and the role of women. Discusses Japanese business practices and suggests that for success there

Barbara Sagara; Brian H. Kleiner

2001-01-01

419

Factor Structure of Japanese Versions of Two Emotional Intelligence Scales  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports the psychometric properties of two emotional intelligence measures translated into Japanese. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to examine the factor structure of a Japanese version of the Wong and Law Emotional Intelligence Scale (WLEIS) completed by 310 Japanese university students. A second study employed CFA

Fukuda, Eriko; Saklofske, Donald H.; Tamaoka, Katsuo; Fung, Tak Shing; Miyaoka, Yayoi; Kiyama, Sachiko

2011-01-01

420

Bento blogs: Japanese women's expression in digital food culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

For many Japanese mothers today, the bento (boxed lunch) that they prepare for their children is an expressive medium, used to construct intricate images that reference popular culture. Within the past five years, bento weblogs, through which Japanese and non-Japanese women regularly publish their food-based creations on the Internet, have become increasingly prevalent both in and outside of Japan. Through

Klara Seddon

2011-01-01

421

Social networks and the maintenance of conformity: Japanese sojourner women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of the literature about Japanese social relationships focuses on men in organizational settings. However, this study used intensive interviewing to examine the nature, structure and function of social relationships among the spouses of Japanese expatriates. The Japanese women in these samples were found to engage in complex, highly regulated, complicated and obligatory relationships through their primary affiliation with other

Denise Saint Arnault; Deborah J Roles

2011-01-01

422

Social networks and the maintenance of conformity: Japanese sojourner women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of the literature about Japanese social relationships focuses on men in organizational settings. However, this study used intensive interviewing to examine the nature, structure and function of social relationships among the spouses of Japanese expatriates. The Japanese women in these samples were found to engage in complex, highly regulated, complicated and obligatory relationships through their primary affiliation with other

Denise Saint Arnault; Deborah J. Roles

2012-01-01

423

Production control: A case study of a Japanese automobile plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern Japanese management practices were investigated by a hidden participant\\/observation work experience over a six month period. Direct observation documents the nature of each component in management's system of controlling workers at the point of production. Observations were organized to analyze the effects of Japanese management on U.S. workers and to assess the hypothesis that Japanese management practices result in

Laurie Ann Graham

1991-01-01

424

Fashion consciousness of Chinese, Japanese and American teenagers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines fashion consciousness among Chinese, Japanese and US teenagers. The purpose of the study was to examine similarities and differences in attitudes toward fashion across these three markets. The results show that significant differences in fashion consciousness exist between Chinese teens and their Japanese and US counterparts. At the same time, the US and Japanese teens show similarities

R. Stephen Parker; Charles M. Hermans; Allen D. Schaefer

2004-01-01

425

The embeddedness of Japanese HRM practices: The case of recruiting  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines Japanese recruiting practices to illustrate how Japanese personnel practices are embedded in the social structure and norms of Japan. It approaches embeddedness from two angles. First, it argues that Japanese recruiting practices have been slow to adapt to the dramatically changing job market of the 1990s, because these practices have been embedded in social structures that have

Patricia A Robinson

2003-01-01

426

The Anatomy of the Hara: Japanese Self in Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Because Japanese society has traditionally emphasized the group rather than the individual, less research has been done to understand how Japanese culture conceptualizes the individual and how that individual develops within the society. This paper focuses on the individual in Japanese society. Following an introduction (Section I), Section II

White, Merry I.; Taniuchi, Lois K.

427

Eating Attitudes among Japanese and American Elementary Schoolgirls.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined familial and peer correlates of eating attitudes in 38 American and 70 Japanese preadolescent girls. Responses showed correlates of eating attitudes shared by American and Japanese girls were self-perception of being overweight, number of friends dieting, and frequency of talking with mother about food and diet. Japanese girls were more

Mukai, Takayo; McCloskey, Laura A.

1996-01-01

428

Japanese Plutonium Stockpiles: A Transportation, Storage, and Public Relations Challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

In accordance with Japan's nuclear policies, Japanese nuclear power companies have regularly shipped depleted uranium fuel to reprocessing plants in the United Kingdom and France. These British and French companies extract plutonium from Japanese spent fuel; the newly reprocessed plutonium may be used to create a derivative nuclear fuel called MOX (mixed oxide fuel). Currently, the Japanese government seeks to

William D. Turner

2003-01-01

429

Compulsory foreign language activities in Japanese primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

From 2011, the new curriculum for introducing English to Japanese primary schools will be fully implemented in the form of foreign language activities. This innovation forms part of the government's plan to cultivate Japanese with English abilities, a development based on the awareness, particularly in the business sector, that equipping Japanese citizens with English skills is imperative if Japan is

Kayoko Hashimoto

2011-01-01

430

Japanese Bibliographic Information--Its Control and Standardisation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the history and current status of bibliographic control in Japanese libraries, including the necessity for standardizing the combination of Japanese phonetic script and Chinese characters. The results of a survey of bibliographic activities and library automation are presented, and a developing plan to establish Japanese bibliographic

Maruyama, Shojiro

1987-01-01

431

The Influence of Sanskrit on the Japanese Sound Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Japanese syllabary of today would probably not exist in its present arrangement had it not been for Sanskrit studies in Japan. Scholars of ancient Japan extracted from the Devanagari those sounds which corresponded to sounds in Japanese and arranged the Japanese syllabary in the devanagari order. First appearing in a document dated 1204, this

Buck, James H.

432

Evidence of a Consonant Shift in 7th Century Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to certify that certain changes in voicing and aspiration, namely the shift from Kan'on to Go'on, occurred during the proto-Japanese period. Based on Middle Chinese data, proto-Korean-Japanese systems, Tibetan transcriptions of Chinese texts, and internal Japanese evidence, the authors date the transition roughly in the 7th

Ramsey, S. Robert; Unger, J. Marshall

433

Japanese Video Games in Singapore: History, Culture and Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Globalization of Japanese popular culture is reshaping the global cultural landscape. Some forms of Japanese popular culture (such as video games animation and sushi) are well-received internationally, whereas others (such as pop music, films and TV dramas) are only popular in Asia. Of all forms of Japanese popular culture, video game is perhaps the most powerful due to its strong

Benjamin Ng Wai-ming

2001-01-01

434

The Japanese Automobile Worker: A Microcosm of Japan's Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A teaching unit on the Japanese automobile worker was developed from a compilation of on-site interviews with Japanese company managers and production line employees, and official publications of the Japanese car industry. The unit is designed to present a balanced picture of Japan's economic success and labor relations and to develop global

Kaderabeck, Elizabeth A.

435

Mutual Images: Americans and Japanese in TV Commercials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To explore the portrayals of Americans in Japanese television commercials and Japanese in American television commercials, and how those portrayals are perceived by each nationality, a two-part study examined 745 American commercials and 956 Japanese commercials. Researchers first coded the number of American males and females who appeared in the

Anzai, Yayoi; And Others

436

Hotel Employees' Japanese Language Experiences: Implications and Suggestions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analyzes the Japanese language learning experiences of 13 hotel employees in Guam. Results of the study present implications and suggestions for a Japanese language program for the hotel industry. The project began as a result of hotel employees frustrations when they were unable to communicate effectively with their Japanese guests. (Auth/JL)|

Makita-Discekici, Yasuko

1998-01-01

437

Differences of Japanese kanji and kana during the memory processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the differences between encoding and retrieval of Japanese kanji and kana during the memory processing, by comparing the event-related potentials (ERPs) components which are elicited by Japanese kanji and kana during Chinese Japanese learners' memorizing and recollecting them. At the study step, significant differences are found in considering the amplitude and latency of the ERPs components elicited

Liping Mi; Fuji Ren; Hideo Araki

2011-01-01

438

Kids Explore America's Japanese American Heritage. Westridge Young Writers Workshop.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book was written by 94 students, aged 8-14, at Westridge Elementary School (Littleton, Colorado) during a summer enrichment class. The book was written for anyone who wants to learn about Japanese-American culture and heritage. Chapter 1 gives an overview of Japanese history before American contact, the immigration of Japanese to America,

Jefferson County School District R-1, Denver, CO.

439

From knowledge seeking to knowledge creation: The Japanese university's challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Underlying the steady expansion of Japanese education is a strong public faith that success in schooling leads to a secure adult career with permanent employment in an organization. The Japanese work contract emphasizing stability and security pervades all walks of life including universities and research laboratories. This strength of the Japanese system is also its major weakness. It induces a

William K. Cummings

1994-01-01

440

Affective Variables and Japanese L2 Reading Ability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates how 17 affective factors are related to Japanese second language (L2) reading comprehension and "kanji" knowledge test scores of 43 university students in advanced Japanese courses. Major findings are that: a) reading comprehension ability and "kanji" knowledge have direct associations with self-perception of Japanese

Kondo-Brown, Kimi

2006-01-01

441

Children of the danchi: a Japanese primary school for newcomers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Practices and policies of Japanese schooling for immigrant and marginalised students are examined through the lens of a primary school which serves one of the largest foreign student populations in Japan. Student families include Southeast Asian refugees, South American immigrants of Japanese descent, recent and longstanding Chinese and Koreans, and low-income Japanese nationals. Years of ethnographic fieldwork in several low-income

June A. Gordon

2009-01-01

442

Character Building.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines violence prevention programs nationwide, which are not only changing student behavior but also laying the foundation of morality, honesty, respect, and accountability within U.S. students. Successful programs target specific populations, build individual skills, include parent effectiveness training, and encourage changes in peer group

Dychkowski, Linda

2002-01-01

443

Laboratory Buildings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for flexibility in science research facilities is discussed, with emphasis on the effect of that need on the design of laboratories. The relationship of office space, bench space, and special equipment areas, and the location and distribution of piping and air conditioning, are considered particularly important. This building type study

Barnett, Jonathan

444

Building Trades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide provides materials for a competency-based course in building trades at the secondary level. The curriculum design uses the curriculum infused model for the teaching of basic skills as part of vocational education and demonstrates the relationship of vocationally related skills to communication, mathematics, and science

Gudzak, Raymond

445

Building Sustainability  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) provides this presentation for high school and community college instructors on developing curricula in the sustainable building industry. The document was part of a workshop held during ATEEC's Sustainable Energy Education and Training conference. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

2011-03-31

446

Building Trades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum guide provides materials for a competency-based course in building trades at the secondary level. The curriculum design uses the curriculum infused model for the teaching of basic skills as part of vocational education and demonstrates the relationship of vocationally related skills to communication, mathematics, and science

Gudzak, Raymond

447

Cheilitis Glandularis: Two Case Reports of Asian-Japanese Men and Literature Review of Japanese Cases  

PubMed Central

Cheilitis glandularis (CG) is a rare disorder characterized by swelling of the lip with hyperplasia of the labial salivary glands. CG is most frequently encountered in the lower lip, in middle-aged to older Caucasian men; however Asian cases were rarely reported. In this paper we present two cases of CG in Asian-Japanese men. One was a 23-year-old male with CG of the superficial suppurative type. The other was a 54-year-old male with deep suppurative type. We also reviewed the Japanese cases of CG in the literature and discussed about clinical feature of Japanese CG.

Yanagawa, Toru; Yamaguchi, Akira; Harada, Hiroyuki; Yamagata, Kenji; Ishibashi, Naomi; Noguchi, Masayuki; Onizawa, Kojiro; Bukawa, Hiroki

2011-01-01

448

Telescience testbed result for Japanese experiment module  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The first telescience testbed experiments for the Japanese Experiment Module (JEM) of the Space Station Freedom, conducted after the three year studies of its system requirements, are described. Three experiment themes of the First Material Processing Test (FMPT) of the Japanese Spacelab Mission are chosen for estimating communications requirements between the JEM and a ground station. A paper folding experiment is used to examine instruction aspects of onboard manual processing and onboard coaching. More than 10 principal investigators partipated in the experiments and were requested to answer a rating questionnaire for data acquisition. The results extracted from the questionnaire are summarized.

Matsumoto, K.; Higuchi, K.; Kimura, H.; Takeda, N.; Matsubara, S.; Izumita, M.; Toyama, Y.; Kato, M.; Kato, H.

1990-10-01

449

A bottom-up engineering estimate of the aggregate heating andcooling loads of the entire U.S. building stock  

SciTech Connect

A recently completed project for the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Building Equipment combined DOE-2 results for a large set of prototypical commercial and residential buildings with data from the Energy Information Administration (EIA) residential and commercial energy consumption surveys (RECS, CBECS) to estimate the total heating and cooling loads in U.S. buildings attributable to different shell components such as windows, roofs, walls, etc., internal processes, and space-conditioning systems. This information is useful for estimating the national conservation potentials for DOE's research and market transformation activities in building energy efficiency. The prototypical building descriptions and DOE-2 input files were developed from 1986 to 1992 to provide benchmark hourly building loads for the Gas Research Institute (GRI) and include 112 single-family, 66 multi-family, and 481 commercial building prototypes. The DOE study consisted of two distinct tasks : (1) perform DOE-2 simulations for the prototypical buildings and develop methods to extract the heating and cooling loads attributable to the different building components; and (2) estimate the number of buildings or floor area represented by each prototypical building based on EIA survey information. These building stock data were then multiplied by the simulated component loads to derive aggregated totals by region, vintage, and building type. The heating and cooling energy consumption of the national building stock estimated by this bottom-up engineering approach was found to agree reasonably well with estimates from other sources, although significant differences were found for certain end-uses. The main added value from this study, however, is the insight it provides about the contributing factors behind this energy consumption, and what energy savings can be expected from efficiency improvements for different building components by region, vintage, and building type.

Huang, Yu Joe; Brodrick, Jim

2000-08-01

450

Non-Native Japanese Listeners' Perception of Vowel Length Contrasts in Japanese and Modern Standard Arabic (MSA)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study aimed to compare the perception of short vs. long vowel contrasts in Japanese and Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) by four groups of listeners differing in their linguistic backgrounds: native Arabic (NA), native Japanese (NJ), non-native Japanese (NNJ) and Australian English (OZ) speakers. The NNJ and OZ groups shared the first language

Tsukada, Kimiko

2012-01-01

451

Preferred Work Hours of Japanese, UK, and German Workers: Estimating labor supply elasticity based on hypothetical questions (Japanese)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines how preferences on work hours would differ among Japanese, UK, and German workers by examining hypothetical questions in comparable multi-country surveys. Our findings are as follows: First, Japanese workers not only work longer hours but also prefer to work significantly longer hours than their UK and German counterparts. Second, both wage elasticity and income elasticity of Japanese

KURODA Sachiko; YAMAMOTO Isamu

2011-01-01

452

A molecular level prototype for mechanoelectrical transducer in mammalian hair cells  

PubMed Central

The mechanoelectrical transducer (MET) is a crucial component of mammalian auditory system. The gating mechanism of the MET channel remains a puzzling issue, though there are many speculations, due to the lack of essential molecular building blocks. To understand the working principle of mammalian MET, we propose a molecular level prototype which constitutes a charged blocker, a realistic ion channel and its surrounding membrane. To validate the proposed prototype, we make use of a well-established ion channel theory, the Poisson-Nernst-Planck equations, for three-dimensional (3D) numerical simulations. A wide variety of model parameters, including bulk ion concentration, applied external voltage, blocker charge and blocker displacement, are explored to understand the basic function of the proposed MET prototype. We show that our prototype prediction of channel open probability in response to blocker relative displacement is in a remarkable accordance with experimental observation of rat cochlea outer hair cells. Our results appear to suggest that tip links which connect hair bundles gate MET channels.

Park, Jinkyoung

2013-01-01

453

A molecular level prototype for mechanoelectrical transducer in mammalian hair cells.  

PubMed

The mechanoelectrical transducer (MET) is a crucial component of mammalian auditory system. The gating mechanism of the MET channel remains a puzzling issue, though there are many speculations, due to the lack of essential molecular building blocks. To understand the working principle of mammalian MET, we propose a molecular level prototype which constitutes a charged blocker, a realistic ion channel and its surrounding membrane. To validate the proposed prototype, we make use of a well-established ion channel theory, the Poisson-Nernst-Planck equations, for three-dimensional (3D) numerical simulations. A wide variety of model parameters, including bulk ion concentration, applied external voltage, blocker charge and blocker displacement, are explored to understand the basic function of the proposed MET prototype. We show that our prototype prediction of channel open probability in response to blocker relative displacement is in remarkable accordance with experimental observation of rat cochlea outer hair cells. Our results appear to suggest that tip links which connect hair bundles gate MET channels. PMID:23625048

Park, Jinkyoung; Wei, Guo-Wei

2013-04-28

454

46 CFR 161.013-11 - Prototype test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...APPROVAL ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT Electric Distress Light for Boats § 161.013-11 Prototype test. (a) Each manufacturer must test a prototype light identical to the lights to be certified prior to the labeling required...

2012-10-01

455

46 CFR 161.013-11 - Prototype test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...APPROVAL ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT Electric Distress Light for Boats § 161.013-11 Prototype test. (a) Each manufacturer must test a prototype light identical to the lights to be certified prior to the labeling required...

2011-10-01

456

Accelerated aging studies and environmental stability of prototype tamper tapes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the results of accelerated aging experiments (weathering) conducted on prototype tamper tapes bonded to a variety of surface materials. The prototype tamper tapes were based on the patented Confirm(reg sign) tamper-indicating technol...

B. W. Wright C. W. Wright A. R. Bunk

1995-01-01

457

Prototype System for Plugging Leaks in Ruptured Containers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A development program was performed successfully to develop and test a prototype system for temporarily stopping the flow of hazardous materials spilling on land or underwater from ruptured or damaged containers. The prototype system is portable, integrat...

J. J. Vrolyk R. C. Mitchell R. W. Melvold

1976-01-01

458

Integration of rapid prototyping into design and manufacturing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The introduction of rapid prototyping machines into the market place promises to revolutionize the process of producing prototype parts with production-like quality. In the age of concurrent engineering and agile manufacturing, it is necessary to exploit ...

C. L. Atwood G. D. McCarty B. T. Pardo

1993-01-01

459

Rhic gamma transition jump power supply prototype test.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper describes the principle and test results of the prototype RHIC Gamma Transition Jump Power Supply. The jump power supply principle is introduced and illustrated along with diagrams in this paper. The prototype is built with Insulated Gate Bipol...

Mi Ganetis Louie Bruno Zapasek

2001-01-01

460

Performance of the NIF prototype beamlet  

SciTech Connect

Beamlet is a full scale single beam prototype laser system, built to demonstrate the laser technology and performance of the 192 beam National Ignition Facility (NIF) fusion laser driver. Both laser systems apply multipass amplifier architectures. By passing the beam four times through the large aperture amplifier sections, the small signal gain during the first few passes is used efficiently to reduce expensive staged amplifier chains. The beamlet prototype laser integrates results of development programs for large aperture components: large aperture optical switch, polarizers, 2 x 2 multisegment amplifiers and new pulse generation and pre-amplification techniques. The authors report on performance test results of the recently completed 1 {omega}-laser section of Beamlet.

Van Wonterghem, B.M.; Murray, J.R.; Speck, D.R.; Campbell, J.H.

1994-07-20

461

Everyday conceptions of modesty: a prototype analysis.  

PubMed

Good theoretical definitions of psychological phenomena not only are rigorously formulated but also provide ample conceptual coverage. To assess the latter, we empirically surveyed everyday conceptions of modesty in a combined U.S./U.K. sample. In Study 1, participants freely generated multiple exemplars of modesty that judges subsequently sorted into superordinate categories. Exemplar frequency and priority served, respectively, as primary and secondary indices of category prototypicality that enabled central, peripheral, and marginal clusters to be identified. Follow-up studies then confirmed the ordinal prototypicality of these clusters with the aid of both explicit (Studies 2 and 3) and implicit (Study 3) methodologies. Modest people emerged centrally as humble, shy, solicitous, and not boastful and peripherally as honest, likeable, not arrogant, attention-avoiding, plain, and gracious. Everyday conceptions of modesty also spanned both mind and behavior, emphasized agreeableness and introversion, and predictably incorporated an element of humility. PMID:18463395

Gregg, Aiden P; Hart, Claire M; Sedikides, Constantine; Kumashiro, Madoka

2008-05-07

462

SNS EXTRACTION KICKER POWER SUPPLY PROTOTYPE TEST  

SciTech Connect

The SNS (Spallation Neutron Source) accumulator ring Extraction System consists of a Fast kicker and a Lambertson Septum magnet. The proposed design will use 14 kicker magnets powered by an Extraction Kicker Power Supply System. They will eject the high power beam from the SNS accumulator ring into RTBT (Ring to Target Beam Tunnel) through a Lambertson Septum magnet. This paper describes some test results of the SNS Extraction Kicker power supply prototype. The high repetition rate of 60 pulse per second operation is the challenging part of the design. In the prototype testing, a 3 kA damp current of 700ns pulse-width, 200 nS rise time and 60 Hz repetition rate at 32 kV PFN operation voltage has been demonstrated. An Extraction kicker power supply system design diagram is depicted.

MI,J.L.; SANDBERG,J.; SANDERS,R.; SOUKAS,A.; ZHANG,W.

2000-06-27

463

Fast architecture prototyping through 3D collage  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose a new framework for architecture prototyping via the concept of 3D collage, that is, a combination of geometrically transformed components segmented from multiple source architectures. In short, our\\u000a proposed framework makes its contribution by featuring three desired functionalities as follows. First, during the construction\\u000a process, two components can be snapped together through the most matched

Chuan-Kai Yang; Ching-Yang Tsai

464

Installation Package -SIMS Prototype System 1A  

SciTech Connect

This package consists of details for the installation, operation and maintenance of a prototype heating and hot water system, designed for residential or light commercial applications. International Business Machines, under NASA/MSFC Contract NAS8-32036, developed this system consisting of the following subsystems: air type collectors, pebble bed thermal storage, air handling unit, air to water heat exchanger, hot water preheat tank, auxiliary energy, ducting system. This system is installed at Home Builders Association in Huntsville, Alabama (OTS-04).

Not Available

1976-12-01

465

Prototyping parallel and distributed programs in Proteus  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents Proteus, an architecture-independent language suitable for prototyping parallel and distributed programs. Proteus is a high-level imperative notation based on sets and sequences with a single construct for the parallel composition of processes. Although a shared-memory model is the basis for communication between processes, this memory can be partitioned into shared and private variables. Parallel processes operate on

Peter H. Millst; Lars S. Nyland; Jan F. Prim; John H. Reift; Robert A. Wagnert

1991-01-01

466

CT Image Processing and Medical Rapid Prototyping  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the three-dimensional (3D) models of body structures from computed tomography (CT) image are reconstructed in SolidWorks by using planar contour method and medical rapid prototyping (MRP) models are performed. This paper reports how to transfer CT image into digital binary matrixes; then, to capture section contour points from medical image per slice, to create B-spline curve with

Jiman Han; Yi Jia

2008-01-01

467

Prototypical analysis of antisocial personality disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The diagnostic criteria for antisocial personality disorder (APD) have gone through successive modifications with DSM-II, DSM-III, DSM-III-R, and DSM-IV. We asked 331 forensic psychiatrists to make prototypic ratings of the DSM versions, PCL-R (Hare, 1991), and the ICD-10 dyssocial personality disorder. Four distinct factors emerged that encompassed the following dimensions: (a)unstable self image, unstable relationships and irresponsibility, (b)manipulation and lack

Richard Rogers; Julianne C. Duncan; Elizabeth Lynett; Kenneth W. Sewellt

1994-01-01

468

Development of a Prototype Cryogenic Interferometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have completed a cryostat system using two stages 4K Gifford-MacMahon cryocoolers for a prototype of cryogenic laser interferometer settled in ICRR. The first cooling down and vibration measurement on a mirror chamber of the cryostat system have been done. Results shows that temperature in the mirror chamber of 9K and 10-5Pa vacuum pressure achieved after four days cooling down. No excess vibration peak under 10 Hz due to the cryocooler was found.

Uchiyama, T.; Suzuki, T.; Yamamoto, A.; Shintomi, T.; Miyoki, S.; Taylor, C. T.; Ohashi, M.; Kuroda, K.; Shimonosono, T.

2002-12-01

469

Powertrain Dynamics Solution Using Virtual Prototypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents a computational approach to a powertrain dynamic solution using virtual prototypes. The main contribution\\u000a is the fact that all models namely those of a cranktrain, a valvetrain, a gear timing mechanism and a fuel injection pump\\u000a are solved simultaneously, using a complex computational model. Synchronous solutions can have a fundamental effect on results\\u000a of powertrain dynamics solutions.

D. Svda; P. Novotn; V. Pt?k; R. Ambrz

470

Rapid Prototyping and Additive Manufacturing Certification  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This presentation from RapidTech, the National Center for Rapid Technologies, presents basic information on the field of rapid technologies and its reach to other fields such as materials science, product prototyping, and manufacturing. This 13-page PDF presents the types of skills and coursework required for certification and would make a helpful addition to new or existing rapid technologies programs as a recruitment or introductory resource.

2009-10-08

471

Antares prototype power amplifier. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new power amplifier design was devised for Antares, the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory 100-kJ CO laser system. To test this design, a cold-cathode gun, a high-voltage test vehicle, and a prototype power amplifier were designed, built, and tested. This report describes these devices and the experimental work that demonstrated the predicted performance of the new amplifier design.

W. T. Leland; G. York; T. Ganley; D. Swanson; G. Loda; E. Yavornik; K. Riepe; R. Lindstrand; J. Comly

1978-01-01

472

A Prototype Digital Image Management System  

PubMed Central

A prototype digital image management system has been designed, implemented and is being evaluated by our department. The system satisfies two major requirements: (a) an on-line access, rapid response microcomputer network providing 9 day archiving of digital data; (b) a long-term, low demand archiving system. This paper provides an estimate of the cost of the system, the potential cost-savings, and identifies the digital data throughput using the Ethernet communications protocol. ImagesFigure 4

Dwyer, Samuel J.; Templeton, Arch W.; Anderson, William H.; Tarlton, Mark A.; Hensley, Kenneth S.; Lee, Kyo Rak; Batnitzky, Solomon; Rosenthal, Stanton J.; Johnson, Joy A.; Preston, David F.

1983-01-01

473

Prototypic typology and the Borderline Personality Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on interview data from 76 1845 yr old outpatients, the implications of a prototypic rather than a classical model of personality-disorder classification were demonstrated for DSM-III Axis II Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). Heterogeneity of membership is described, and conditional probabilities are used to demonstrate the relative efficiency of single diagnostic criteria and combinations of criteria and the degree of

John F Clarkin

1983-01-01

474

Modalities of infant-mother interaction in Japanese, Japanese American immigrant, and European American dyads.  

PubMed

Cultural variation in relations and moment-to-moment contingencies of infant-mother person-oriented and object-oriented interactions were compared in 118 Japanese, Japanese American immigrant, and European American dyads with 5.5-month-olds. Infant and mother person-oriented behaviors were related in all cultural groups, but infant and mother object-oriented behaviors were related only among European Americans. Infant and mother behaviors within each modality were mutually contingent in all groups. Culture moderated lead-lag relations: Japanese infants were more likely than their mothers to respond in object-oriented interactions; European American mothers were more likely than their infants to respond in person-oriented interactions. Japanese American dyads behaved like European American dyads. Interactions, infant effects, and parent socialization findings are set in cultural and accultural models of infant-mother transactions. PMID:22860874

Bornstein, Marc H; Cote, Linda R; Haynes, O Maurice; Suwalsky, Joan T D; Bakeman, Roger

2012-08-03

475

Modalities of Infant-Mother Interaction in Japanese, Japanese American Immigrant, and European American Dyads  

PubMed Central

Cultural variation in relations and moment-to-moment contingencies of infant-mother person-oriented and object-oriented interactions were examined and compared in 118 Japanese, Japanese American immigrant, and European American dyads with 5.5-month-olds. Infant and mother person-oriented behaviors were positively related in all cultural groups, but infant and mother object-oriented behaviors were positively related only among European Americans. In all groups, infant and mother behaviors within each modality were mutually contingent. Culture moderated lead-lag relations: Japanese infants were more likely than their mothers to respond in object-oriented interactions, European American mothers were more likely than their infants to respond in person-oriented interactions. Japanese American dyads behaved more like European American dyads. Interaction, infant effects, and parent socialization findings are set in cultural and accultural models of transactions between young infants and their mothers.

Bornstein, Marc H.; Cote, Linda R.; Haynes, O. Maurice; Suwalsky, Joan T. D.; Bakeman, Roger

2011-01-01

476

A Japanese Class as a Teaching for Engineer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study is to introduce a writer?s opinion about the ability of Japanese language that engineers should acquire. The writer is a teacher of a college of technology. And this study expresses writer?s opinion by showing own teaching method. The writer thinks that there are no special Japanese only for engineers. This study shows that an ability of Japanese language is not just the ability of reading or presentation, but is the ability combined with reading skill , writing skill , listening skill , and expressing skill . Therefore, there is no difference between the Japanese ability of students for engineer and the Japanese ability of students for other majors.

Soda, Yukiko

477

Prototype cross-domain cyberinfrastructure for the Critical Zone Observatories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Critical Zone Observatory (CZO) program is a multi-institutional, collaborative effort to advance scientific understanding of environmental interactions in the critical zone, which extends from bedrock to the atmospheric boundary layer and spans multiple scales and disciplines. An integrated CZO information system that facilitates seamless analysis of hydrology, geochemistry and geomorphology data within and across six CZO sites is being developed. This is comprised of easy to use tools for site data managers to publish their quality controlled data and tools for scientists to identify and access data of interest so that they can use data from multiple sites to address cross discipline and cross CZO hypotheses. It is based on the following principles: (1) building on the experience of environmental observatory projects and leveraging CI development efforts from neighboring disciplines; (2) relying on community standards for data exchange and on state-of-the-art data cataloguing, discovery, integration and visualization tools; (3) preserving the autonomy and minimizing requirements on individual research sites, while creating centralized CI components that achieve cross-CZO integration and are scalable and extensible; (4) ensuring that CZO data are available both in a human-readable form at individual CZO sites and via web services from the centralized components of the system. The current prototype is designed as an evolving, operational system capable of supporting data integration at different interoperability levels: from common dataset-level metadata, which enables data discovery and retrieval regardless of the type or domain system that manages it, to compatible semantics, which ensures that metadata can be unambiguously interpreted in a cross-disciplinary setting, to compatibility at the levels of service interfaces and information model encodings, such as those standardized by the Open Geospatial Consortium, which enables flexible programmatic access to the data from analysis and modeling applications. The prototype builds on infrastructure components developed mostly within the CUAHSI Hydrologic Information System project, and is designed to extend to geochemical and other data being collected by CZOs. Site data managers publish data and metadata in an agreed upon ASCII display file format on their web sites for public access. These files are automatically ingested into the CZO central data repository, validated against shared vocabularies, and archived in a set of centrally-managed databases, from which they become available via standard web services and can be visualized and analyzed using several client applications. At this early stage, the CZO Central discovery system currently indexes about 90 resources, including services and display files, while brokering web service access to over 15 million hydrologic observations collected at CZOs.

Whitenack, T.; Zaslavsky, I.; Williams, M. W.; Lehnert, K. A.; Tarboton, D. G.; Schreuders, K.; Aufdenkampe, A. K.; Mayorga, E.

2011-12-01

478

Prototype of linac BLM at NSRL  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A prototype of the Beam Loss Monitoring (BLM) System for the linac and transportation line has been built up in National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory. Different from the storage ring, the radiation field around linac and transportation line have a duty factor of 10-6 and a dose rate of hundreds Gy/h. The Monte-Carlo calculation gave the dose, flux, energy and direction distributions of the radiation field. According to the simulation result, the proper type of detector was chosen and the installation positions were selected accordingly. The widely used ionization chamber is not suitable to give accurate and real-time information of beam loss due to its large dimension and slow respond speed. Several PIN silicon diode-based detectors were designed and tested, and a charge-balanced integrating amplifier circuit was applied to read out the charge. A distributed data acquisition system based on embedded Ethernet technology was implemented in the prototype, which can offer a web server from the microcontroller. From preliminary tests, this new prototype was proved to be sensitive to the change of the linac status, and is a useful tool for monitoring and adjusting machine parameters. Further analyses are required to achieve a more accurate measurement of the beam loss.

Zeng, Ming; Li, Yuxiong; Gong, Guanghua; Li, Juexin; Shao, Beibei; Zhao, Zhengguo

2007-08-01

479

Rapid prototyping of clinical software assistants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Computer assistance in image-based diagnosis and therapy are continuously growing fields that have gained importance in several medical disciplines. Today, various free and commercial tools are available. However, only few are routinely applied in clinical practice. Especially tools that provide a flsupport of the whole design process from development and evaluation to the actual deployment in a clinical environment are missing. In this work, we introduce a categorization of the design process into different types and fields of application. To this end, we propose a novel framework that allows the development of software assistants that can be integrated into the design process of new algorithms and systems. We focus on the specific features of software prototypes that are valuable for engineers and clinicians, rather than on product development. An important aspect in this work is the categorization of the software design process into different components. Furthermore, we examine the interaction between these categories based on a new knowledge flow model. Finally, an encapsulation of these tasks within an application framework is proposed. We discuss general requirements and present a layered architecture. Several components for data- and workflow-management provide a generic functionality that can be customized on the developer and the user level. A flexible handling of is offered through the use of a visual programming and rapid prototyping platform. Currently, the framework is used in 15 software prototypes and as a basis of commercial products. More than 90 clinical partners all over the world work with these tools.

Rexilius, Jan; Peitgen, Heinz-Otto

2008-04-01

480

The AEI 10 m prototype interferometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A 10 m prototype interferometer facility is currently being set up at the AEI in Hannover, Germany. The prototype interferometer will be housed inside a 100 m3 ultra-high vacuum envelope. Seismically isolated optical tables inside the vacuum system will be interferometrically interconnected via a suspension platform interferometer. Advanced isolation techniques will be used, such as inverted pendulums and geometrical anti-spring filters in combination with multiple-cascaded pendulum suspensions, containing an all-silica monolithic last stage. The light source is a 35 W Nd:YAG laser, geometrically filtered by passing it through a photonic crystal fibre and a rigid pre-modecleaner cavity. Laser frequency stabilisation will be achieved with the aid of a high finesse suspended reference cavity in conjunction with a molecular iodine reference. Coating thermal noise will be reduced by the use of Khalili cavities as compound end mirrors. Data acquisition and control of the experiments is based on the AdvLIGO digital control and data system. The aim of the project is to test advanced techniques for GEO 600 as well as to conduct experiments in macroscopic quantum mechanics. Reaching standard quantum-limit sensitivity for an interferometer with 100 g mirrors and subsequently breaching this limit, features most prominently among these experiments. In this paper we present the layout and current status of the AEI 10 m Prototype Interferometer project.

Goler, S.; Bertolini, A.; Born, M.; Chen, Y.; Dahl, K.; Gering, D.; Grf, C.; Heinzel, G.; Hild, S.; Kawazoe, F.; Kranz, O.; Khn, G.; Lck, H.; Mossavi, K.; Schnabel, R.; Somiya, K.; Strain, K. A.; Taylor, J. R.; Wanner, A.; Westphal, T.; Willke, B.; Danzmann, K.

2010-04-01

481

Commercial building energy performance analysis using multiple regression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regression analysis defines algebraic expressions that can be used to study the effects of various configurational parameters on building energy performance. The DOE-2.1B energy-analysis simulation program was used in conjunction with prototypical building modules to generate a large data base for five geographic locations. Configurational variables parameterized included orientation, wall and roof conductance, glazing properties of windows and skylights (area,

R. Sullivan; R. Johnson; S. Nozari; Selkowitz

1985-01-01

482

Supporting community building in iTV environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The paper ,introduces ,a prototype ,to support community,building in iTV environments. Based onthis application, there should be implemented and evaluated different supporting techniques in the near future. Therefore relevant parameters had been identified,which ,could ,have ,influence ,in communication,processes. 1. Introduction Supporting community ,building should be one ,of the main ,focuses ,in designing ,communication applications but ,current commercial ,systems

Jan He

483

Bridge Building  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a quick activity (on page 2 of the PDF) about how the arrangement of carbon atoms determines carbon's different properties. Learners will build bridges with Post-It notes that model two types of carbon molecules, graphite and carbon nanotubes, and test which structure of the same material can bear the weight of the most pennies. Also relates to linked video, DragonflyTV Nano: Hockey Sticks.

Twin Cities Public Television, Inc.

2008-01-01

484

Mountain Building  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is part of a series of lessons in a continuing study of change. It is designed to give students hands-on experience manipulating and controlling the variables involved in the process of soil erosion. They will be able to identify variables that influence rates of change and use group consensus to design and build what they believe to be the strongest mountain possible.

1998-01-01

485

Japanese version of the Test Your Memory as a screening test in a Japanese memory clinic  

Microsoft Academic Search

A self-administered cognitive test (Test Your Memory, TYM) is designed as a screening test for the detection of Alzheimer disease (AD). We compared the diagnostic utility of the Japanese version of the TYM (TYM-J) in AD and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) with that of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Alzheimer's Disease Assessment ScaleCognitive Subscale Japanese version (ADAS-Jcog). We studied

Haruo Hanyu; Mikako Maezono; Hirofumi Sakurai; Kazumasa Kume; Hidekazu Kanetaka; Toshihiko Iwamoto

486

Intelligent buildings.  

PubMed

The maturing of technologies in computer capabilities, particularly direct digital signals, has provided an exciting variety of new communication and facility control opportunities. These include telecommunications, energy management systems, security systems, office automation systems, local area networks, and video conferencing. New applications are developing continuously. The so-called "intelligent" or "smart" building concept evolves from the development of this advanced technology in building environments. Automation has had a dramatic effect on facility planning. For decades, communications were limited to the telephone, the typewritten message, and copy machines. The office itself and its functions had been essentially unchanged for decades. Office automation systems began to surface during the energy crisis and, although their newer technology was timely, they were, for the most part, designed separately from other new building systems. For example, most mainframe computer systems were originally stand-alone, as were word processing installations. In the last five years, the advances in distributive systems, networking, and personal computer capabilities have provided opportunities to make such dramatic improvements in productivity that the Selectric typewriter has gone from being the most advanced piece of office equipment to nearly total obsolescence. PMID:10282446

Williams, W E

1987-01-01

487

Hearing conservation program prototype phase final report. Technical report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report covers the prototype phase of an OPNAV sponsored hearing conservation program. The objective of the prototype phase was to demonstrate the feasibility of reducing machinery space noise levels sufficiently to comply with BUMED\\/OSHA hearing damage risk criteria. The USS ELMER MONTGOMERY (FF 1082), the designated prototype ship, was subjected to comprehensive underway and dockside diagnostic noise testing. The

J. Lehr; D. Nelson; M. Sutterlin

1976-01-01

488

Rule-based emergency action level monitor prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

In late 1983, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) began a program to encourage and stimulate the development of artificial intelligence (AI) applications for the nuclear industry. Development of a rule-based emergency action level classification system prototype is discussed. The paper describes both the full prototype currently under development and the completed, simplified prototype.

R. A. Touchton; A. D. Gunter; D. Cain

1985-01-01

489

The Prototype as a Conceptual Device for Describing Loneliness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A prototype is a theoretical standard against which real people can be evaluated. To derive a prototype of a lonely person, 40 students were asked to describe a lonely person whom they knew. All descriptions were studied by judges who formed a final listing and frequency of all identified features. The 18 features which formed the prototype fell

Horowitz, Leonard M.

490

Operating analysis of a direct energy coupled desalination family prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

A desalination family prototype has been designed in a laboratory supplying good quality water for drinking and household cooking needs. The available intermittent and fluctuating energy source (solar or wind) has made us explore the coupling of such a source to a prototype that operates itself in an intermittent mode by integrating an energy storage dissipation system in the prototype

S. Bouguecha; B. Hamrouni; M. Dhahbia

2004-01-01

491

A prototype analysis of the French category motion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports a prototype analysis of the French emotion lexicon, which largely replicates a previous study by Zammuner (1998) of the Italian emotion lexicon. Three measures of prototypicality were assessed, from which an explicit and an implicit indicator were computed. Prototypicality was predicted by aspects of the subjective state denoted by the word (valence, intensity, duration, familiarity) as well

Paula Niedenthal; Catherine Auxiette; Armelle Nugier; Nathalie Dalle; Patrick Bonin; Michel Fayol

2004-01-01

492

Japanese-American Internment. A Historical Reader.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Historical Reader on "Japanese American Internment" in World War II introduces students to key events and issues during the period through the voices of people with firsthand experienced. Source documents and illustrations are arranged in chronological order and/or thematic units that establish context. Each selection is followed by critical

2000

493

Gender Stereotypes in Japanese Television Advertisements  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to reveal gender portrayal types in Japanese television advertisements through content analysis. Five hundred and thirty-one adult main characters were coded for sex, age, ethnic background, credibility, role, place, dress, background, persuasion type, camera work, camera angle, product type, target, and sex of voice-over. Five types were found by performing quick cluster analysis: beautiful

Akie N. Arima

2003-01-01

494

Japanese Gay Magazines and Marriage Advertisements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among other functions, Japanese gay magazines inform readers about gay meeting places, provide a masturbation aid, let readers know that they are not alone, and give an image of gay men different from the mainstream media, which often confuses homosexuals with transvestites. Unfortunately, gay magazines also present an image that is not entirely positive, i.e., gay men as sex maniacs.

Wim Lunsing

1995-01-01

495

Japanese vs. Caucasian Intelligence and Social Attainment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Summarizes a series of studies from the Hawaii Family Study of Cognition on possible genetic and social environmental determinants of individual differences in and racial/ethnic differences between groups on intelligence and attainment. These studies, which focused on Japanese and Caucasian Americans, illustrate the complex, interactive, and

Nagoshi, Craig T.

1998-01-01

496

What Has Become of the Japanese Model?  

Microsoft Academic Search

O nation projects images of a distinctive system of political economy in quite the way that Japan does. During the 1970s and 1980s, many observ- ers became convinced that Japan's decades of consistently high economic growth were due to the unusual institutions of its capitalism. These idiosyncrasies were thought to constitute a 'Japanese model', from which policy-makers in other countries

Luke Gower

1998-01-01

497

Changing Environment for Japanese Venture Businesses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The Japanese venture market, once noticeably smaller than its counterparts in Western countries, has benefited from deregulation and other developments that are encouraging the formation of venture businesses in Japan. Of particular note are the spread of university-based venture businesses, which are helping to link technology and business, and legislation that has made it possible to launch venture businesses

Dai Higashino

498

The Virtual Museum of Japanese Arts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website of traditional Japanese treasures and culture was produced for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan and is a virtual museum that includes physical objects and other more intangible items of cultural patrimony, such as fighting styles and performance art. Visitors can scroll over any of the seven "galleries" to read a description of what types of work are contained within. The "Fine Arts" gallery is defined as those visual arts primarily concerned with the creation of beauty, such as architecture and gardens, painting, sculpture, and Ukiyoe. Upon choosing a section of the gallery, visitors can click on it, see examples of the art form, and read about the history of these traditions. The "Cafe" gallery is particularly interesting, and it is described as a "'refreshment space'...to enjoy learning more about the Japanese culture and traditions from many exotic perspectives." The Virtual Museum Theatre allows visitors to watch "Movies of Japanese Festivals" and "Movies of Japanese Martial Arts". An exhibit of Wagashi representing all seasons of the year, and celebrations, is worth a look and can also be found in the "Cafe" gallery. [KMG

499

Factors Affecting Hits in Japanese Popular Music  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the hit chart period of Japanese popular music between January and March in 1990 and in 2004, using the survival model, and examines the factors involved in producing a hit. First, the results showed that fame of the artist, ties with other media, and compilation albums featuring several artists prolonged the hits chart period. Second, the music's

Sumiko Asai

2008-01-01

500

Statistical Properties of Height of Japanese Schoolchildren  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study height distributions of Japanese schoolchildren based on the statictical data which are obtained from the school health survey by the ministry of education, culture, sports, science and technology, Japan . From our analysis, it has been clarified that the distribution of height changes from the lognormal distribution to the normal distribution in the periods of puberty.

Hiroto Kuninaka; Yu Mitsuhashi; Mitsugu Matsushita

2009-01-01