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1

Pascal's Triangle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson is designed to lead students to explore the number patterns and fractal properties of Pascal's triangle while practicing basic arithmetic operations. This lesson provides links to discussions and activities related to Pascal's triangle as well as suggested ways to integrate them into the lesson. Finally, the lesson provides links to follow-up lessons designed for use in succession with the current one.

2010-01-01

2

Pascal's Principle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from HyperPhysics provides a description of Pascal's Principle, which explains how pressure is transmitted in an enclosed fluid. Drawings and sample calculations are provided. Examples illustrating the principle include a hydraulic press and an automobile hydraulic lift.

Nave, Carl R.

2011-11-28

3

Programming Pascal's Triangle  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After a brief discussion of Pascal's triangle and description of four methods of hand construction, the author provides FORTRAN and BASIC programs for computer construction based on recursive definition. (SD)

Curley, Walter

1974-01-01

4

Parallel Pascal - An extended Pascal for parallel computers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Parallel Pascal is an extended version of the conventional serial Pascal programming language which includes a convenient syntax for specifying array operations. It is upward compatible with standard Pascal and involves only a small number of carefully chosen new features. Parallel Pascal was developed to reduce the semantic gap between standard Pascal and a large range of highly parallel computers. Two important design goals of Parallel Pascal were efficiency and portability. Portability is particularly difficult to achieve since different parallel computers frequently have very different capabilities.

Reeves, A. P.

1984-01-01

5

The Programming Language Pascal  

Microsoft Academic Search

A programming language called Pascal is described which was developed on the basis ofAlgol 60. Compared toAlgol 60, its range of applicability is considerably increased due to a variety of data structuring facilities. In view of its intended usage both as a convenient basis to teach programming and as an efficient tool to write large programs, emphasis was placed on

Niklaus Wirth

1971-01-01

6

Implementation in Pascal: Translation of Prolog into Pascal.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis tries sto find a mapping algorithm between Prolog and Pascal languages. For this purpose, a small subset of Prolog is chosen and translated into Pascal code. Also, the concept of logic programming and its practical application in the programmi...

A. Saraydin

1985-01-01

7

A Potpourri of Pascal Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a collection of Pascal programs that were developed for a 1986 National Science Foundation-sponsored high school teachers' summer workshop. The programs can be used as a means of extending or enriching textbook material in either high school mathematics or Pascal courses. Some suggested uses are: (1) teacher demonstrations in mathematics…

Gimmestad, Beverly; And Others

8

Coloring Multiples in Pascal's Triangle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Java applet activity allows the learner to visually identify number patterns in Pascal's triangle as they color multiples of a given number. The user can also click on an auto-color button that will automatically color the multiples of the given number. The number of rows of Pascal's triangle can be increased or decreased. There are separate tabs to access information for the learner, the instructor and to seek help.

2004-01-01

9

Finding Remainders in Pascal's Triangle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson is designed to introduce students to modular arithmetic by having them practice finding remainders given a certain divisor. As a result of their arithmetic, students will discover patterns in Pascal's Triangle. This lesson provides links to discussions and activities related to modular arithmetic and Pascal's Triangle as well as suggested ways to integrate them into the lesson. Finally, this lesson provides links to follow-up lessons designed for use in succession with this one.

2010-01-01

10

Coloring Remainders in Pascal's Triangle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Java applet activity allows students to visually identify more number patterns in Pascal's Triangle by coloring numbers that have the same remainder when divided by the number rolled, thereby practicing division and remainders. A learner rolls a random number, which can be from 1 to the number of rows of the triangle, or enters his/her own choice. There is an auto-color button that will automatically color the correct entries and the number of rows of Pascal's triangle can be increased or decreased. Separate tabs to access information for the learner, the instructor and to seek help are provided.

2004-01-01

11

The programming language concurrent pascal  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes a new programming language for structured program- ming of computer operating systems. It extends the sequential programming language Pascal with concurrent programming tools called processes and moni- tors. Part I explains these concepts informally by means of pictures illustrating a hierarchical design of a simple spooling system. Part II uses the same exam- ple to introduce the

Per Brinch Hansen

1975-01-01

12

A Virus in Turbo Pascal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses why the authors feel it is not inappropriate to teach about viruses in the how-to, hands-on fashion. Identifies the special features of Turbo Pascal that have to be used for the creation of an effective virus. Defines virus, derives its structure, and from this structure is derived the implemented virus. (PR)

Teleky, Heidi Ann; And Others

1993-01-01

13

The Pascal Mars Scout Mission  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Except for Earth, Mars is the planet most amenable to surface-based climate studies. Its surface is accessible, and the kind of observations that are needed, such as meteorological measurements from a long-lived global network, are readily achievable. Weather controls the movement of dust, the exchange of water between the surface and atmosphere, and the cycling of CO2 between the poles. We know there is a weather signal, we know how to measure it, and we know how to interpret it. Pascal seeks to understand the long-term global behavior of near-surface weather systems on Mars, how they interact with its surface, and, therefore, how they control its climate system. To achieve this, Pascal delivers 18 Science Stations to the surface of the planet that operate for three Mars years (5.6 Earth years). The network has stations operating in the tropics, midlatitudes, and polar regions of both hemispheres. During entry, descent, and landing, each Pascal probe acquires deceleration measurements to determine thermal structure, and descent images to characterize local terrain. On the surface, each Science Station takes daily measurements of pressure, opacity, temperature, wind speed, and water vapor concentration and monthly panoramic images of the landing environment. These data will characterize the planet's climate system and how atmosphere-surface interactions control it. The Pascal mission is named after 17th century French Scientist, Blaise Pascal, who pioneered measurements of atmospheric pressure. Pressure is the most critical measurement because it records the "heartbeat" of the planet's general circulation and climate system.

Haberle, R. M.; Fonda, Mark (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

14

Searching the PASCAL database - A user's perspective  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The operation of PASCAL, a bibliographic data base covering broad subject areas in science and technology, is discussed. The data base includes information from about 1973 to the present, including topics in engineering, chemistry, physics, earth science, environmental science, biology, psychology, and medicine. Data from 1986 to the present may be searched using DIALOG. The procedures and classification codes for searching PASCAL are presented. Examples of citations retrieved from the data base are given and suggestions are made concerning when to use PASCAL.

Jack, Robert F.

1989-01-01

15

Science Sampler: Torricelli, Pascal, and PVC pipe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Two giants of science who led the way to our understanding of atmospheric pressure and fluids were Evangelista Torricelli and Blaise Pascal. By conducting experiments inspired by those of Torricelli and Pascal using today's rugged and affordable plumbing materials, students can engage in inquiry-based learning about atmospheric pressure.

Peck, J. F.

2006-02-01

16

HDM/PASCAL verification system user's manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The HDM/Pascal verification system is a tool for proving the correctness of programs written in PASCAL and specified in the Hierarchical Development Methodology (HDM). This document assumes an understanding of PASCAL, HDM, program verification, and the STP system. The steps toward verification which this tool provides are parsing programs and specifications, checking the static semantics, and generating verification conditions. Some support functions are provided such as maintaining a data base, status management, and editing. The system runs under the TOPS-20 and TENEX operating systems and is written in INTERLISP. However, no knowledge is assumed of these operating systems or of INTERLISP. The system requires three executable files, HDMVCG, PARSE, and STP. Optionally, the editor EMACS should be on the system in order for the editor to work. The file HDMVCG is invoked to run the system. The files PARSE and STP are used as lower forks to perform the functions of parsing and proving.

Hare, D.

1983-01-01

17

Jean-Marie Straub.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book covers the life and aesthetic qualities of the work of the European film-maker Jean-Marie Straub (1933- ). It contains introductory chapters on the biography and artistic milieu of Straub and continues with a chapter-by-chapter critical treatment of each of his films: "Machorka-Muff"; "Not Reconciled"; "Chronicle of Anna Magdalena Bach";…

Roud, Richard

18

Lexical Translator from Arabic to Latin in Pascal Environment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Lexical translator is a program written in Turbo PASCAL to generate a Latin PASCAL source code from an Arabic PASCAL source code. The Arabic code is written under a bilingual operating system transparent to the DOS on personal computers. The bilingual...

S. S. Aljuhaiman

1986-01-01

19

The Third PASCAL Recognizing Textual Entailment Challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the Third PASCAL Recognising Textual Entailment Chal- lenge (RTE-3), providing an overview of the dataset creating methodology and the submitted systems. In creating this year's dataset, a number of longer texts were introduced to make the challenge more oriented to realistic scenarios. Ad- ditionally, a pool of resources was of- fered so that the participants could share

Danilo Giampiccolo; Bernardo Magnini; Ido Dagan; Bill Dolan

2007-01-01

20

The Second PASCAL Recognising Textual Entailment Challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the Second PASCAL Recognising Textual Entailment Chal-lenge (RTE-2)., We describe the RTE-2 dataset and overview the submissions for the challenge. One of the main goals for this year's dataset was to pro-vide more \\

Roy Bar-haim; Ido Dagan; Bill Dolan; Lisa Ferro; Danilo Giampiccolo

21

Application of Pascal Principle in Earth Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Pascal experiment is interpreted and the chamber is roughly defined. Pascal experiment in relation to Pascal principle compared with a chamber in the earth crust. It is conclude that: 1: The pressure (P) inside the Pascal's cylinder is the combination of two pressure; the external pressure (P1) and the hydraulic pressure (P2). Pc=P1+P2 The direction of the force is from top to bottom. In the case of the chamber the pressure is Pch=P1-P2 and its positive direction is regarded to be from bottom to top. P1 is the external pressure, and is the maximum pressure applied to chamber .The external pressure creates a constant internal pressure throughout the chamber .The magnitude of the constant pressure is based on the litho static pressure of the bottom of the chamber; because it is the maximum pressure that the chamber is connected. P1=?1gH+?2gh Where H is the overburden thickness, h is the highness of the chamber, ?1 is the density of the overburden and ?2 is density of country rock. The hydrostatic pressure within the chamber is P2=?3gh. Also ?3 is the density of the chamber. So the pressure inside the chamber would be: Pch=P1-P2 then Pch=?1gH+(?2-?3)gh. The equation above means that, the chamber pressure equals to the overburden pressure plus Archimedes pressure. 2: The word squeezing which is a vulgar word has an important physical meaning that is ((Pascal principle driving movement)).In another word, almost all movements, related to chambers, within the earth are a squeezing event which's, driving force is the steady constant pressure mentioned above. Any change in this pressure depends on the rupturing of the chamber and the behavior of the movement of the chamber matter. 3: If we provide a safety valve on piston of the Pascal's cylinder and increase the load we see the safety valve bursts and the matter inside the cylinder squeeze out .The pressure is from top to bottom but the movement is from bottom to top. The direction of force has changed 180° degree. This is Pascal's miracle and displays the all movements that pierce the earth surface and let the matter squeeze out.

Samimi Namin, M.

2009-12-01

22

An Analytical Pascal Matrix Transform for -to- Domain Transfer Functions  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analytical Pascal matrix transform is proposed for conversions of transfer functions between s- and z-domains. The transform is formulated uniformly for first-order s-to-z transforms, and its Pascal matrix is derived logically and analytically. The inverse transform is then formed in terms of its forward transform matrices without computing the matrix inverses. Computation examples show that the presented Pascal matrix

Zhu-Sheng Kang

2006-01-01

23

The Jean Thomas Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Born in 1881 in Ashland, Kentucky, Jean Thomas defied many social conventions throughout her life, and the world is a richer place for it. In the 1890s, she decided to attend business school and shortly afterwards she became a court reporter. She traveled around Kentucky for her job, and along the way she became quite enamored of the musical traditions across the state. Later in life, she would go on to stage the American Folk Song Festival from 1930 to 1972. Thomas was also a photographer, and this delightful digital collection from the University of Louisville Libraries contains over 1000 of her photographs. Visitors can read an extended biography of Thomas, and then browse or search the collection at their leisure. Some of the subjects covered here include the American Folk Song Festival, live performances, and rural landscapes.

24

What Do You Find? Students Investigating Patterns in Pascal's Triangle  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, students used problem-solving skills to investigate what patterns exist in the Pascal triangle and incorporated technology using Geometer's Sketchpad (GSP) in the process. Students came up with patterns such as natural numbers, triangular numbers, and Fibonacci numbers. Although the patterns inherent in Pascal's triangle may seem…

Obara, Samuel

2012-01-01

25

Vector Pascal: a computer programming language for the FPS164 array processor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Support for vector operations in computer programming languages is analyzed to determine if programs employing such operations run faster. The programming language Vector Pascal is defined and compared to Fortran 8X and Actus. Vector Pascal contains definitions for matrix and vector operations and the Vector Pascal compiler translates vector expressions. The Vector Pascal compiler executes on an IBM Personal Computer

1987-01-01

26

Why Pascal is Not My Favorite Programming Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT The programming ,language ,Pascal has become ,the dominant ,language ,of instruction in computer ,science education. ,It has also strongly ,influenced ,lan- guages developed subsequently, in particular Ada. Pascal was originally intended primarily as a teaching language, but it has been more,and more,often recommended,as a language,for serious programming as well, for example, for system programming tasks and even operating systems.

Brian W. Kernighan

1981-01-01

27

A Pedagogical Look at Jeans' Density Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We illustrate the derivations of Jeans' criteria for the gravitational instabilities in a static homogeneous Newtonian system for pedagogical objectives. The critical Jeans density surface is presented in terms of dimensionless sound speeds and (characteristic) length scales. (Contains 1 figure.)

Chu, Kwang-Hua W.

2007-01-01

28

A tool that detects plagiarism in Pascal programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Plagiarism has become a problem in introductory Computer Science courses. Programmed assignments can be copied and transformed with little human effort. A pertinent recommendation has resulted from this realization; an on-line system to detect programs that are “too similar” and hence suspected of plagiarism should be developed [4]. This paper discusses such a system for Pascal programs.

Sam Grier

1981-01-01

29

Energy Distributions in Small Populations: Pascal versus Boltzmann  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The theoretical distributions of a limited amount of energy among small numbers of particles with discrete, evenly-spaced quantum levels are examined systematically. The average populations of energy states reveal the pattern of Pascal's triangle. An exact formula for the probability that a particle will be in any given energy state is derived.…

Kugel, Roger W.; Weiner, Paul A.

2010-01-01

30

The Pascal Visual Object Classes Challenge 2006 (VOC2006) Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents the results of the 2006 PASCAL Visual Object Classes Challenge (VOC2006). Details of the challenge, data, and evalu-ation are presented. Participants in the challenge submitted descriptions of their methods, and these have been included verbatim. This document should be considered preliminary, and subject to change.

Mark Everingham; Andrew Zisserman; Chris Williams; Luc Van Gool

31

History Comes Alive with Jean Fritz.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a listing of historical books for elementary school students by author Jean Fritz; includes a poster and a calendar with daily class activities to teach students about famous historical figures. (SM)

Instructor, 1991

1991-01-01

32

Identification of Super-Jeans Mass Cores  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pre-stellar cores are starless cores that are gravitationally bound and hence likely to collapse into protostars. Observationally identifying examples of such cores as bound can be tricky, however, given the uncertainties involved in the opacities, dust-to-gas ratios, temperatures, and distances of cores. Nevertheless, some starless cores are seen to be "super-Jeans," i.e., more massive than its thermal Jeans mass, suggesting they may collapse or fragment into protostars. (Of course, this occurrence depends on other forms of non-thermal support.) We present evidence for several super-Jeans mass cores identified by SCUBA observations, and describe the prospects for identifying more examples from the JCMT and Herschel Gould Belt Surveys. Such cores may have interesting kinematics even prior to collapse. For example, recent JCMT observations of a selection of pre-stellar cores show either inward or outward motions. In addition, we also describe one super-Jeans starless core, L1689-SMM16, that appears to be experiencing oscillations. Indeed, oscillations may be seen in cores that are significantly super-Jeans, as compression waves pass from warm exteriors to cold interiors.

Di Francesco, James

2014-07-01

33

Pascal: Solutions to Projects. Dissemination Packet--Summer 1989: Booklet #5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is the fifth in a series of nine from the Teacher Training Institute at Hofstra University (New York) and contains the instructor's and several participants' course project solutions for both Pascal programing courses within the institute. Included in this booklet are Pascal programs utilized with the following project topics: (1)…

Greenwell, Raymond N.

34

Piagetian Adaptation Meets Image Schemas: The Jean System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Jean is a model of early cognitive development based loosely on Pi- aget's theory of sensori-motor and pre-operational thought (1). Like an infant, Jean repeatedly executes schemas, gradually extending its schemas to accommo- date new experiences. Jean's environment is a simulated \\

Yu-han Chang; Paul R. Cohen; Clayton T. Morrison; Robert St. Amant; Carole R. Beal

2006-01-01

35

The Method of Jean Louis Nicolet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jean Louis Nicolet is a Swiss teacher of mathematics who found his subject so fascinating that he was puzzled as to why so many pupils could not share this enjoyment in their studies. He came to a conclusion which is now supported by the results of psychological research into the learning process: he suggested that the mind does not spontaneously…

Gattegno, Caleb

2007-01-01

36

Is That a Fact, Jean Fritz?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Childrens' historical books by author Jean Fritz offer teachers a stepping stone to fun and interesting history units. Make-believe journeys, time lines, role playing, and storytelling activities based on the Fritz biographies help children learn many different skills. (DF)

Instructor, 1984

1984-01-01

37

Comparison of PASCAL and FORTRAN for solving problems in the physical sciences  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The paper compares PASCAL and FORTRAN for problem solving in the physical sciences, due to requests NASA has received to make PASCAL available on the Numerical Aerodynamic Simulator (scheduled to be operational in 1986). PASCAL disadvantages include the lack of scientific utility procedures equivalent to the IBM scientific subroutine package or the IMSL package which are available in FORTRAN. Advantages include a well-organized, easy to read and maintain writing code, range checking to prevent errors, and a broad selection of data types. It is concluded that FORTRAN may be the better language, although ADA (patterned after PASCAL) may surpass FORTRAN due to its ability to add complex and vector math, and the specify the precision and range of variables.

Watson, V. R.

1981-01-01

38

[Jean Fernel and the humanist spirit].  

PubMed

Jean Fernel (1497-1558) embodied the humanist spirit of the Renaissance. He studied philosophy (especially Aristotle), astrology, arithmetic, mathematics and Latin literature before devoting his life to medicine. He conducted a comprehensive synthesis of the medical system of Galen, and invented the terms "physiology" and "pathology". His taste for teaching, his extensive clinical practice, his benevolent attitude to the sick, and his consideration for individuals and for human nature all contribute to Jean Fernel's image as a humanist. He was the most famous physician of his time, although his work relying on philosophy and galenic dogmatism eventually became obsolete. Forgotten for half a millennium, this distant precursor of holistic medicine is worthy of renewed interest. PMID:22530525

Cordier, Jean-François

2011-06-01

39

Jeans instability in a viscoelastic fluid  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The well known Jeans instability is studied for a viscoelastic gravitational fluid using generalized hydrodynamic equations of motions. It is found that the threshold for the onset of instability appears at higher wavelengths in a viscoelastic medium. Elastic effects playing a role similar to thermal pressure are found to lower the growth rate of the gravitational instability. Such features may manifest themselves in matter constituting dense astrophysical objects.

Janaki, M. S.; Chakrabarti, N.; Banerjee, D.

2011-01-01

40

Venus 1882 and Jean-Charles Houzeau  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper focuses on one particular type of telescope - the heliometer - designed for solving one specific basic problem in astronomy: the scale factor of the solar system. One very special instrument of this type was the ``heliometer with unequal focal lengths'' designed by the Belgian astronomer Jean-Charles Houzeau for the 1882 transit of Venus. We also draw attention to the most interesting personality of Houzeau, and to his social engagement that went much beyond his work as a scientist.

Sterken, C.

2009-06-01

41

PAS-cal: a Generic Recombinant Peptide Calibration Standard for Mass Spectrometry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe the design, preparation, and mass-spectrometric characterization of a new recombinant peptide calibration standard with uniform biophysical and ionization characteristics for mass spectrometry. "PAS-cal" is an artificial polypeptide concatamer of peptide cassettes with varying lengths, each composed of the three small, chemically stable amino acids Pro, Ala, and Ser, which are interspersed by Arg residues to allow site-specific cleavage with trypsin. PAS-cal is expressed at high yields in Escherichia coli as a Small Ubiquitin-like MOdifier (SUMO) fusion protein, which is easily purified and allows isolation of the PAS-cal moiety after SUMO protease cleavage. Upon subsequent in situ treatment with trypsin, the PAS-cal polypeptide yields a set of four defined homogeneous peptides in the range from 2 to 8 kDa with equal mass spacing. ESI-MS analysis revealed a conveniently interpretable raw spectrum, which after deconvolution resulted in a very simple pattern of four peaks with similar ionization signals. MALDI-MS analysis of a PAS-cal peptide mixture comprising both the intact polypeptide and its tryptic fragments revealed not only the four standard peptides but also the singly and doubly charged states of the intact concatamer as well as di- and trimeric adduct ion species between the peptides, thus augmenting the observable m/z range. The advantageous properties of PAS-cal are most likely a result of the strongly hydrophilic and conformationally disordered PEG-like properties of the PAS sequences. Therefore, PAS-cal offers an inexpensive and versatile recombinant peptide calibration standard for mass spectrometry in protein/peptide bioanalytics and proteomics research, the composition of which may be further adapted to fit individual needs.

Breibeck, Joscha; Serafin, Adam; Reichert, Andreas; Maier, Stefan; Küster, Bernhard; Skerra, Arne

2014-05-01

42

Harvard Jean Monnet Table of Contents Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by the Harvard Law School Jean Monnet Chair (first reviewed in the December 5, 1997 Scout Report), this site publishes the tables of contents for 58 journals (in eight languages) "relevant in European Integration research" received by the Harvard Law Library. Users can browse the newest arrivals (updated biweekly) or back issues (1998-99) by journal title. Table of content pages list titles, authors, and page numbers, and offer a link to the journal's homepage. An internal search engine is also provided. This is a useful and well-designed resource for scholars and professionals in European law.

43

A Family Account of Autism: Life with Jean-Paul.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article recounts the experiences of a family with a son with autism. Jean-Paul's two sisters, his brother, cousin, grandmother, father, and mother contribute their perspectives. Jean-Paul also speaks for himself. This account traces his life from his early childhood to independent adulthood. (Author/CR)

Donnelly, Julie A.; Bovee, Jean-Paul; Donnelly, Sylvia Jane; Donnelly, Lisa Kathleen; Donnelly, Joad Roy; Donnelly, Michael Fain; Walter, Alice Stephens; Callaghan, Molly Ray

2000-01-01

44

PREFACE: In Memory of Jean Brossel  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this issue we commemorate Jean Brossel, one of the leaders of atomic physics in the post World-War II period, who passed away recently. Following his mentor, Alfred Kastler, as director of the Laboratoire de Spectroscopie Hertzienne at the Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris, he developed it to become one of today's most prominent centres of atomic physics. In recognition, the laboratory has been renamed Laboratoire Kastler Brossel (LKB). We find it important to recognize his life's activities in this journal's pages. Bernard Cagnac details the development of the physics at LKB during Brossel's time. For archival purposes, his life's activities and publications are included. A brief overview by one of us (HHS) of the origins of the double-resonance method (optical transitions coupled with rf resonances), and the part played by Francis Bitter, is presented.

de Heer, F. J.; Stroke, H. H.

2005-01-01

45

Jean-Michel Cousteau: Ocean Adventures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As Alan Lomax recorded the sounds of hundreds of different indigenous musical traditions throughout his sixty-year career as a musicologist, the legendary Jacques-Yves Cousteau did similar work throughout the world’s oceans. Following in his footsteps, his son, Jean-Michel Cousteau continues to inform and delight with his own series of programs on public television. On this site, visitors can learn more about the work of Cousteau and his colleagues as they examine the lives of sharks, gray whales, and the unique underwater ecosystems off the coastline of the continental United States. For each of these episodes, visitors can view clips of each program, learn about the goals of each expedition, download podcasts, and read a glossary of terms. Of course, there are also some fun items here as well, including free ringtones, interactive games, and screen savers.

46

Tribute to Jean-Marie Mariotti  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Jean-Marie Mariotti (1955 - 1998) prematurely passed away after too short a career of optician and astronomer. With his students, his contributions to the nascent field of high angular resolution at optical wavelengths, and especially to interferometry, both on the ground and in space, have been remarkable. Pioneering the use of single-mode optical fibers and integrated optics, he pushed the accuracy of visibility (amplitude) measurements to a fraction of a percent. His vision of a Mauna Kea kilometric interferometer using the existing giant telescopes is now becoming a reality with the 'OHANA project. His role in the emergence of the Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI) and in the birth of the space mission DARWIN for exoplanets studies has been essential.

Lena, Pierre J.

2003-02-01

47

Axisymmetric Solutions of the Jeans Equation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present axisymmetric solutions of the Jeans equations for a tracer density ?_l_(R, z) in a chosen potential {PHI}(R, z) assuming that (1) the velocity ellipsoid aligns along prolate spheroidal coordinate surfaces, and (2) the axial ratio of the velocity ellipsoid in the meridional plane ?lambda_/?nu_ is known at every point. The solutions are general, and do not require that the potential be separable, nor that the density and potential be related to each other. The solutions can display a diverse range of properties. In particular, the specified anisotropy can be chosen smoothly to increase or to decrease with radius, to pass through a minimum or a maximum, or to remain constant.

Arnold, R.

1995-09-01

48

Effects of Pascal and FORTRAN Programming on the Problem-Solving Abilities of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study that was conducted to determine whether learning to program a computer in Pascal or FORTRAN improved problem-solving skills of college students when compared to a control group and to determine which programing language was more effective in the development of problem-solving abilities. (26 references) (LRW)

Choi, Won Sik; Repman, Judi

1993-01-01

49

Publicity and Professionalism: Madeleine Pelletier (1874–1939) and Constance Pascal (1877–1937)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyses the heretofore under-researched press coverage of the first two women to enter the psychiatric profession in France, Constance Pascal and Madeleine Pelletier. Their personal appearance and feminine, or anti-feminine, styles counted heavily in the publicity they received. Far from being passive recipients of press attention, they sought to utilise the media to further their political and professional

Felicia Gordon

2009-01-01

50

[Jean Reverzy, physician and author in Lyon (1914-1959)].  

PubMed

Jean Reverzy (1914-1959) was a general practitioner in Lyons who got a sudden literary fame with his first novel Le Passage. From 1954 to his death he published Place des angoisses (1956), Le Corridor (1958) and Le Silence de Cambridge (1960). In his books a mirror image is always given of Lyons, a city of mist and mystery, but truly memorable remains in the works of Jean Reverzy his unique and very personal experience of medicine, hospitals and patients. A collection of photographs, portraits and auto-portraits has been presented in homage to Jean Reverzy, a physician-writer. PMID:20527338

Fabre, André-Julien

2010-01-01

51

36 CFR 7.37 - Jean Lafitte National Historical Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Historical Park. 7.37 Section 7.37 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.37 Jean Lafitte...

2013-07-01

52

77 FR 56647 - Lisa Jean Sharp: Debarment Order  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...is issuing an order under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act) permanently debarring Lisa Jean Sharp...Sharp was required to maintain adequate and accurate case histories on each individual who was administered Schering/...

2012-09-13

53

Waste Minimization Assessment for a Manufacturer of Prewashed Jeans.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Waste Minimization Assessment Center (WMAC) team at the University of Tennessee performed an assessment at a plant that prewashes denim jeans prior to retail sale. The assessment team's report, detailing findings and recommendations, indicated that th...

R. J. Jendrucko T. N. Coleman G. P. Looby

1994-01-01

54

Jean-Louis Vignes: California's forgotten winemaker.  

PubMed

This article represents a first step in the process of restoring the legacy of pioneer California winemaker Jean-Louis Vignes (1780–1862). Vignes was a native of France who established and operated a commercial winery (El Aliso) in Los Angeles for 22 years (1833–1855). The article includes the first known photograph of Vignes discovered by the author. While prominent twentieth-century American wine historians have acknowledged Vignes, the author emphasizes a key distinction made by French historian Leonce Jore. Vignes left France to go to the Sandwich Islands as part of a commercial enterprise that traveled with Catholic missionaries (Picpus Fathers). Only after five years of frustration did Vignes move to Los Angeles and establish a winery. The author uses the remembrances of well-known nineteenth-century commentator William Heath Davis [Seventy-Five Years in California (San Francisco, 1929)] to give some personal insights into Vignes as a winemaker. Davis visited him at El Aliso three times as a young man and lived long enough (1909) to validate Vignes’s vision for the potential of winemaking in California. The article also includes the first known full citation for Vignes’s gravesite at Evergreen Cemetery in Los Angeles. PMID:21591314

Macconnell, Scott

2011-01-01

55

The Jeans Modeling of the Milky Way Galaxy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work we investigate the predictions of Newtonian dynamics and the MOND theory related to the Milky Way galaxy using the Jeans equation. We used the measurements of the radial velocities of the blue horizontal branch (BHB) halo stars to test the predictions of Newtonian gravity and to also extend our study to different MOND models, taking orbital anisotropies that we calculate into account. The halo stars of the Galaxy were used as a tracer of the Galaxy's gravitational potential. The Jeans equation was calculated for both the Newtonian and the MOND approaches. We assumed spherical symmetry and calculated the Jeans equation by taking orbital anisotropies into account. Circular velocities for both approaches were also analyzed. We solved the Jeans equation in spherical approximation and confirm that the Newtonian model without dark matter cannot fit the observed velocity dispersion profile and that the truncated flat model with dark matter can provide a good fit to the observed velocity dispersion. For the MOND models, from the Jeans modeling we found that three models ("simple", "standard" and Zhao, 2007) can provide a fit to the data without significant anisotropies whereas the "toy" model needs anisotropies to obtain the same result.

Samurovic, S.; Lalovic, A.

2012-12-01

56

Whimsical Imagery: An Interview with Jean Nunez Donegan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an interview with Jean Nunez Donegan focusing on: her career as an artist; her experiences with teaching art at the secondary and college levels; her process for creating art; and her development as an artist. Includes directions for creating a branch with leaves and bamboo using clay. (CMK)

Gamble, Harriet

2001-01-01

57

Jean Vanier: An Alternative Voice for the Social Work Profession  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social work has tended, in recent years toward an embrace of professionalism and of praxis founded in science and management theory. This article proposes that social work, in its narrowing emphasis on evidence-based practice and on professionalism, moves not only away from its founding traditions, but ignores the informal and unarticulated interventions of its own practitioners. The thought of Jean

Anne Marie Walsh

2011-01-01

58

Karl Popper and Jean Piaget: A Rationale for Constructivism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current faddish use of the term constructivism has taken on as many different definitions as the number of people attempting to define it. This essay clarifies the meaning of constructivism through an examination of Karl Popper's and Jean Piaget's theories. The authors provide a rationale for the use of Popper's paradigm of "Three Worlds" and…

Harlow, Steve; Cummings, Rhoda; Aberasturi, Suzanne M.

2006-01-01

59

Wise, Holistic Thinking: An Interview with Jean Sunde Peterson  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an interview with Jean Sunde Peterson, professor and director of school-counselor preparation in the Department of Educational Studies at Purdue University. She is a licensed mental health counselor and a national certified counselor, planning to return to clinical work with gifted children and adolescents and their families…

Henshon, Suzanna E.

2012-01-01

60

Homesick and Homecoming: Jean Fritz's Search for Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses Jean Fritz's book "Homesick" as a work of art on the borderline between biography and fiction. Suggests young readers should be provided accurate historical knowledge in order to (1) understand the characters' emotions and experiences, and (2) prevent traditional misconceptions from being perpetuated. (NH)

Mo, Weimin; Shen, Wenju

1999-01-01

61

Jean-Martin Charcot Pathologist, Neurologist, Psychiatrist and Physician  

PubMed Central

Jean-Martin Charcot is known as father of modern neurology. Before him, neurology was only limited to select disorders like chorea. His contributions were not limited to neurology only, as he was instrumental in many new developments in the field of pathology, psychiatry, and internal medicine. Even after 100 years, Charcot`s clinical methods remain the pillar of modern neurology.

Pandey, Sanjay

2012-01-01

62

Hannah Arendt & Jean Baudrillard: Pedagogy in the Consumer Society  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the place of education within our "consumers' society", beginning with Hannah Arendt's account of the rise of consumerism to a position of political dominance and the resulting eclipse of public life. Connections are then made between Arendt's account of this rise and Jean Baudrillard's account of the postmodern proliferation…

Norris, Trevor

2006-01-01

63

Karl Popper and Jean Piaget: A Rationale for Constructivism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current faddish use of the term constructivism has taken on as many different definitions as the number of people attempting to define it. This essay clarifies the meaning of constructivism through an examination of Karl Popper's and Jean Piaget's theories. The authors provide a rationale for the use of Popper's paradigm of “Three Worlds” and how his criterion for

Steve Harlow; Rhoda Cummings; Suzanne M. Aberasturi

2006-01-01

64

Experimentos Computacionais com Grupamentos Lógico- Matemáticos de Jean Piaget  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo. Este artigo, parte integrante de uma pesquisa de doutorado, apresenta um trabalho que visa a estudar tanto a explicação dada por Jean Piaget e seus colaboradores para a atividade humana em uma situação que requeira capacidade de classificar e relacionar, quanto um mapeamento da mesma para agentes computacionais. É parte integrante deste trabalho estudar processos computacionais que possam representar

Claudia Brandelero Rizzi; Sílvia Jenny Donaduzzi; Rafael Welter; Antônio Carlos da Rocha

65

THERMALLY DRIVEN ATMOSPHERIC ESCAPE: TRANSITION FROM HYDRODYNAMIC TO JEANS ESCAPE  

SciTech Connect

Thermally driven escape from planetary atmospheres changes in nature from an organized outflow (hydrodynamic escape) to escape on a molecule-by-molecule basis (Jeans escape) with increasing Jeans parameter, {lambda}, the ratio of the gravitational to thermal energy of the atmospheric molecules. This change is described here for the first time using the direct simulation Monte Carlo method. When heating is predominantly below the lower boundary of the simulation region, R{sub 0}, and well below the exobase of a single-component atmosphere, the nature of the escape process changes over a surprisingly narrow range of Jeans parameters, {lambda}{sub 0}, evaluated at R{sub 0}. For an atomic gas, the transition occurs over {lambda}{sub 0} {approx} 2-3, where the lower bound, {lambda}{sub 0} {approx} 2.1, corresponds to the upper limit for isentropic, supersonic outflow. For {lambda}{sub 0} > 3 escape occurs on a molecule-by-molecule basis and we show that, contrary to earlier suggestions, for {lambda}{sub 0} > {approx}6 the escape rate does not deviate significantly from the familiar Jeans rate. In a gas composed of diatomic molecules, the transition shifts to {lambda}{sub 0} {approx} 2.4-3.6 and at {lambda}{sub 0} > {approx}4 the escape rate increases a few tens of percent over that for the monatomic gas. Scaling by the Jeans parameter and the Knudsen number, these results can be applied to thermally induced escape of the major species from solar and extrasolar planets.

Volkov, Alexey N.; Johnson, Robert E.; Tucker, Orenthal J.; Erwin, Justin T. [Materials Science and Engineering Department, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4745 (United States)

2011-03-10

66

Pascal's Triangle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Here are three ways to explore the famous triangle: by finding patterns and relations within the triangle, solving a pizza toppings problem in Antonioâs Pizza Palace, or working with an interactive web unit. The set of three investigations could work well as one fair project.

Forum, Math

1998-01-01

67

Pascal's Snowshoes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The chief purpose of this activity is to strengthen students' understanding of concepts of floatation such as surface area and pressure (weight per unit area) via snowshoes. Students brainstorm, make predictions, perform calculations, and practice communication skills through interviewing elders and experts. This activity lets students see the…

Akcay, Behiye

2004-01-01

68

A Turbo Pascal program for on line spike data acquisition and analysis using a standard serial port.  

PubMed

A Turbo Pascal program for data acquisition and analysis is presented. The program detects incoming data as TTL pulses through the serial port of an IBM-PC and compatible computers and displays the instantaneous frequency plot and the interval histogram on-line. Novel features of this Pascal program are: no special hardware requirements and on-line analysis of more than one source at a time. No hardware additions to the supplied computer and easy operation make this program a valuable tool, directly useable in an IBM-PC and compatible computers. PMID:3493396

Soto, E; Vega, R

1987-01-01

69

African Art Now: Masterpieces from the Jean Pignozzi Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Masterpieces from the Jean Pignozzi Collection is an exhibition currently on view at the National Museum of African Art (NMAfA) in Washington D.C., organized by the Pignozzi Collection-Contemporary African Art Collection (CAAC) and the Museum of Fine Arts Houston, and funded by Continental Airlines. The show features works by 28 African artists from 15 African countries, whose works have been collected by Swiss photographer Jean Pignozzi. Pignozzi began collecting African art in 1989, and has amassed a collection of over 6,000 pieces. The web exhibition is arranged into 3 sections and the first two: Apartheid & Africa and Kinshasa provide background information. The third section, Artist Works and Biographies, includes biographical sketches and photographs of the 28 artists, and examples of at least one of each artists' works, such as Bodys Isek Kingelez fantastical architectural constructions, or Romuald Hazoumé's masks, or (one of the few women in the show) Esther Mahlangu's brightly colored murals.

Pigozzi, Jean C.

2005-01-01

70

Astronaut Jean-Francois Clervoy chats with STS-66 crewmates  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Astronaut Jean-Francois Clervoy (center), STS-66 international mission specialist, chats with payload crew mates during a training session on emergency egress procedures. Wearing training versions of the launch and entry suits, the crew members are, left to right, Scott E. Parazynski, Joseph P. Tanner, Clervoy and Ellen Ochoa. Ochoa is the payload commander, Tanner and Parazynski are NASA mission specialists and Clervoy represents the European Space Agency (ESA) as a mission specialist.

1994-01-01

71

Impact of some architectural features of the implementation of a concurrent pascal machine  

SciTech Connect

The concurrent pascal machine (CPM), which is a virtual machine designed to support concurrent processes, was implemented on an 8-bit microcomputer as the beginning step toward constructing a fault-tolerant microcomputer network. The CPM architecture, whose first implementation was based on a PDP 11/45 minicomputer, reflects considerable influence of the PDP 11/45 architecture. The architectural differences between the 16-bit minicomputer and the 8-bit microcomputer which have significant impact on the difficulty of implementing CPMs are analyzed. Then some details on the implementation of the 16-bit virtual machine (CPM) on the 8-bit microcomuter are presented along with some approaches for tuning the CPM architecture to yield more efficient implementations on microcomputers. 7 references.

Kim, K.H.; Abou-el-naga, A.

1982-01-01

72

Moissanite anvil cell design for Giga-Pascal nuclear magnetic resonance.  

PubMed

A new design of a non-magnetic high-pressure anvil cell for nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments at Giga-Pascal pressures is presented, which uses a micro-coil inside the pressurized region for high-sensitivity NMR. The comparably small cell has a length of 22 mm and a diameter of 18 mm, so it can be used with most NMR magnets. The performance of the cell is demonstrated with external-force vs. internal-pressure experiments, and the cell is shown to perform well at pressures up to 23.5 GPa using 800 ?m 6H-SiC large cone Boehler-type anvils. (1)H, (23)Na, (27)Al, (69)Ga, and (71)Ga NMR test measurements are presented, which show a resolution of better than 4.5 ppm, and an almost maximum possible signal-to-noise ratio. PMID:24784622

Meier, Thomas; Herzig, Tobias; Haase, Jürgen

2014-04-01

73

Three-Dimensional Simulations of the Jeans-Parker Instability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have studied the nonlinear evolution of a magnetized disk of isothermal gas, which is sustained by its self-gravity. Our objective is to investigate how the Jeans, Parker, and convective instabilities compete with each other in structuring/de-structuring large scale condensations in such disk. The Poisson equation for the self-gravity has been solved with a fourth-order accurate Fourier method along with the Green function, and the MHD part has been handled by an isothermal TVD code. When large wavelength perturbations are applied, the combined action of the Jeans and Parker instabilities suppresses the development of the convection and forms a dense core of prolate shape in the mid-plane. Peripheral structures around it are filamentary. The low density filaments connect the dense core to the diffuse upper region. On the other hand, when small wavelength perturbations are applied, the disk develops into an equilibrium state which is reminiscent of the Mouschovias's 2-D non-linear equilibrium of the classical Parker instability under an externally given gravity.

Lee, Sang Min; Hong, Seung Soo; Kim, Jongsoo

2001-12-01

74

Jean-Antoine Houdon: Sculptor of the Enlightenment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Organized in the US by the J. Paul Getty Museum and the National Gallery of Art, this exhibition brought together for the first time over 70 portrait sculptures by Jean-Antoine Houdon, probably the greatest portrait sculptor of the 18th century. The Web version of the exhibition presents two sculptures that can be rotated and viewed in the round (portrait of Marie-Sébastien-Charles-François Fontaine de Biré, treasurer general under Louis XVI and Le Baiser donné, or The Kiss Given -- privately owned and loaned for the exhibition). The link to Houdon's Sitters and Subjects reveals images of Houdon's portraits of prominent Americans such as Robert Fulton (inventor of the steamboat) and Benjamin Franklin, as well French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte and philosopher Jean-Jacque Rousseu. Also worth a look is the interactive version of Louis-Leopold Boilly's 1803-04 painting _Houdon in His Studio_ where clicking images surrounding the painting locates each image in the artist's studio. This area of the site also reveals intersting information such as the fact that the 1789 portrait of Thomas Jefferson (now owned by the Museum of Fine Arts Boston) was selected in 1938 for the nickel and is still in circulation today.

75

Pascal program for mass-spectral isotope-cluster identification. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A new isotope cluster identification program, named Reverse Cluster Search (RCS) is presented in full to assist the mass spectrometrist in the identification of unknowns. Given a clean, complete isotope cluster from a mass spectrum, its empirical formula can be found through the calculations of RCS. RCS was tested on known spectra which fit certain parameters of composition and spectral quality. Correlation between the matches given by RCS and the actual formula was excellent. RCS was written to run on both a DEC VAXStation 3500 and IBM PC compatibles. A companion program is also included which is called Forward Cluster Search (FCS). FCS will calculate theoretical mass spectral isotope clusters from empirical formula data. The purpose of this report is to provide the complete code for a Pascal program which is called Reverse Cluster Search (RCS). The authors goal was to develop a computer program to rapidly identify chemical formulas from mass spectral isotope cluster data requiring minimal disk storage and memory. Relying entirely upon low resolution mass spectral cluster data to predict or confirm empirical formulas is not recommended. High resolution, exact mass data is always preferred when complete confidence is required in the formula assignment; however, the presence of certain isotropic elements must be supported by the cluster data.

Lin, I.J.; Bulpett, D.A.

1991-09-01

76

Billie Jean Isbell Andean Collection: Images from the Andes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Billie Jean Isbell began researching the Andes with her 1967 honors' thesis, and she has returned many times since then and documented her research and travels. This very compelling digital collection brings together around 1500 photographs that she took in and around the Andes, along with a selection of indigenous music and her ethnography, "To Defend Ourselves: Ecology and Ritual in an Andean Village". Visitors can get started by looking at the "Collection Highlights" area which includes thematic areas like "Gender", "Rituals", and "Protest Art". The "Vertical Ecology of the Andes" area is a true gem, and it contains photographs and other materials that document the ecological zones throughout the region. Additionally, the "Resources" area contains detailed citations on the papers that have been produced as a result of Isbell's work, along with other related publications.

77

Electrostatic drift modes in quantum dusty plasmas with Jeans terms  

SciTech Connect

Electrostatic drift waves (EDWs) are investigated in nonuniform quantum magnetized dusty plasmas by taking into account dust gravitational effects with the help of the quantum hydrodynamic model. Ions and electrons are viewed as low-temperature Fermi gases, whereas quantum effects are neglected for the dust grains. The analytical dispersion relationship of the quantum EDWs is derived. Quantum effects are shown to affect the dispersion of EDW significantly. The Jeans terms induce a driftlike instability, which does not exist with the absence of gravitational effects. The criteria and growth rate of the kind of instability are presented. Our results are relevant to dense astrophysical objects such as the interiors of astrophysical compact objects (e.g., white dwarfs and neutron stars)

Ren Haijun [CAS Key Laboratory of Basic Plasma Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China); Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon (Hong Kong); Wu Zhengwei [CAS Key Laboratory of Basic Plasma Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China); Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon (Hong Kong); School of Physics, University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006 (Australia); Cao Jintao [CAS Key Laboratory of Basic Plasma Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China); Chu, Paul K. [Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon (Hong Kong)

2009-10-15

78

Chicago's Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable High School  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Chicago's Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable High School is an ongoing exploration of how integration of the Internet into day-to-day school activities can affect education in an inner-city school. It is a training site for the entire Chicago Public School system and is one of 14 demonstration sites chosen by the State of Illinois for implementation of technology into education. The proposal for technology implementation that Du Sable submitted to the Illinois State Board of Education is available on the site, and may be of assistance to other inner-city schools writing similar proposals. The site also contains an excellent pointers page for resources on the Internet, and resources to help "get your school on the net." http://www.dusable.cps.k12.il.us/ Du Sable's technology implementation proposal: http://www.dusable.cps.k12.il.us/narr_ToC.html

79

Effect of secondary electron emission on the Jeans instability in a dusty plasma  

SciTech Connect

In this paper the effect of secondary electron emission on Jeans instability in a dusty plasma has been investigated. Due to secondary electron emission, dust grains may have two stable equilibrium states out of which one is negative and the other is positive. Here both cases have been considered separately. It has been shown that secondary electron emission enhances Jeans instability when equilibrium dust charge is negative. It has also been shown that growth rate of Jeans instability reduces with increasing secondary electron emission when equilibrium dust charge is positive.

Sarkar, Susmita; Roy, Banamali; Maity, Saumyen; Khan, Manoranjan; Gupta, M. R. [Centre for Plasma Studies, Jadavpur University, Kolkata-700032 (India)

2007-04-15

80

Interbeing and Mindfulness: A Bridge to Understanding Jean Watson's Theory of Human Caring.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains and compares Thich Naht Hanh's concept of interbeing and mindfulness and Jean Watson's theory of human caring. Describes the application of mindful practices to holistic nursing and nursing education. (Contains 12 references.) (SK)

Sitzman, Kathleen L.

2002-01-01

81

Jean-Baptiste Belley-Mars: The Obscure Life, the Authentic Legacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how Jean-Baptiste Belley-Mars, a former slave, influenced Haitian history through his role in arguing for the abolition of slavery in the French colonies at the 1794 Paris National Convention. (MJL)

Fikes, Robert Jr.

1982-01-01

82

Ivan Djaja (Jean Giaja) and the Belgrade School of Physiology.  

PubMed

The founder of physiology studies in the Balkans and the pioneer of research on hypothermia, Ivan Djaja (Jean Giaja) was born 1884 in L'Havre. Giaja gained his PhD at the Sorbonne in 1909. In 1910 he established the first Chair of Physiology in the Balkans and organized the first Serbian Institute for Physiology at the School of Philosophy of the University of Belgrade. He led this Institute for more than 40 subsequent years. His most notable papers were in the field of thermoregulation and bioenergetics. Djaja became member of the Serbian and Croatian academies of science and doctor honoris causa of Sorbonne. In 1952 for the seminal work on the behavior of deep cooled warm blooded animals he became associate member of the National Medical Academy in Paris. In 1955 the French Academy of Sciences elected him as associate member in place of deceased Sir Alexander Fleming. Djaja died in 1957 during a congress held in his honor. He left more than 200 scientific and other papers and the golden DaVincian credo "Nulla dies sine experimento". His legacy was continued by several generations of researchers, the most prominent among them being Stefan Gelineo, Radoslav Andjus and Vojislav Petrovi?. PMID:21777022

Andjus, P R; Stojilkovic, S S; Cvijic, G

2011-01-01

83

A brief introduction to the work of Jean Laplanche.  

PubMed

The author proposes an introduction to the work of Jean Laplanche, a well-known figure of psychoanalysis who recently passed away. He foregrounds what he views as the three main axes of Laplanche's work: firstly, a critical reading method applied to Freud's texts; secondly, a model of psychic functioning based on translation; and, thirdly, a theory of general seduction. Far from being an abstract superstructure, the theory of general seduction is firmly rooted in the analytic situation, as the provocation of transference by the analyst best illustrates. The analytic situation indeed consists in a revival and a reopening of the 'fundamental anthropological situation' which, according to Laplanche, is the lot of every human baby born in a world where he or she is necessarily exposed to the enigmatic and 'compromised' messages of the adult other. Thanks to the process of analytic de-translation, the analysand is therefore granted an opportunity to carry out new translations of the other's enigma--translations or symbolizations that might be more inclusive and less rigid than the pre-existing ones. Incidentally, such a model brings together the purely psychoanalytic and the psychotherapeutic aspects of the treatment. PMID:23781835

Scarfone, Dominique

2013-06-01

84

The Jeans modeling of the Milky Way galaxy: implications of the kinematics of the stellar halo  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aims: We investigate the predictions of Newtonian dynamics and the MOND theory related to the Milky Way galaxy using the Jeans equation. Methods: We used the measurements of the radial velocities of the blue horizontal branch (BHB) halo stars to test the predictions of Newtonian gravity and to also extend our study to different MOND models, taking orbital anisotropies that we calculate into account. Results: The halo stars of the Galaxy were used as a tracer of the Galaxy's gravitational potential. The Jeans equation was calculated for both the Newtonian and the MOND approaches. We assumed spherical symmetry and calculated the Jeans equation by taking orbital anisotropies into account. Circular velocities for both approaches were also analyzed. Conclusions: We solved the Jeans equation in spherical approximation and confirm that the Newtonian model without dark matter cannot fit the observed velocity dispersion profile and that the truncated flat model with dark matter can provide a good fit to the observed velocity dispersion. For the MOND models, from the Jeans modeling and the models of the circular velocity curves, we found that two models can provide a fit to the data without significant anisotropies whereas two other tested models need various anisotropies to obtain the same result.

Samurovi?, S.; Lalovi?, A.

2011-07-01

85

EAARL Topography - Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve 2006  

USGS Publications Warehouse

These remotely sensed, geographically referenced elevation measurements of Lidar-derived first surface (FS) and bare earth (BE) topography were produced as a collaborative effort between the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Florida Integrated Science Center (FISC), St. Petersburg, FL; the National Park Service (NPS), Gulf Coast Network, Lafayette, LA; and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Wallops Flight Facility, VA. This project provides highly detailed and accurate datasets of the Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve in Louisiana, acquired on September 22, 2006. The datasets are made available for use as a management tool to research scientists and natural resource managers. An innovative airborne Lidar instrument originally developed at the NASA Wallops Flight Facility, and known as the Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL), was used during data acquisition. The EAARL system is a raster-scanning, waveform-resolving, green-wavelength (532-nanometer) Lidar designed to map near-shore bathymetry, topography, and vegetation structure simultaneously. The EAARL sensor suite includes the raster-scanning, water-penetrating full-waveform adaptive Lidar, a down-looking red-green-blue (RGB) digital camera, a high-resolution multi-spectral color infrared (CIR) camera, two precision dual-frequency kinematic carrier-phase GPS receivers, and an integrated miniature digital inertial measurement unit, which provide for submeter georeferencing of each laser sample. The nominal EAARL platform is a twin-engine Cessna 310 aircraft, but the instrument may be deployed on a range of light aircraft. A single pilot, a Lidar operator, and a data analyst constitute the crew for most survey operations. This sensor has the potential to make significant contributions in measuring sub-aerial and submarine coastal topography within cross-environmental surveys. Elevation measurements were collected over the survey area using the EAARL system, and the resulting data were then processed using the Airborne Lidar Processing System (ALPS), a custom-built processing system developed in a NASA-USGS collaboration. ALPS supports the exploration and processing of Lidar data in an interactive or batch mode. Modules for presurvey flight line definition, flight path plotting, Lidar raster and waveform investigation, and digital camera image playback have been developed. Processing algorithms have been developed to extract the range to the first and last significant return within each waveform. ALPS is used routinely to create maps that represent submerged or first surface topography. Specialized filtering algorithms have been implemented to determine the 'bare earth' under vegetation from a point cloud of last return elevations.

Nayegandhi, Amar; Brock, John C.; Wright, C. Wayne; Segura, Martha; Yates, Xan

2008-01-01

86

Cusp alfven solitons in a magnetoradiative dusty plasma in the presence of jeans term  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Non linear propagation of dust Alfven waves in the presence of radiation pressure and Jean's term is investigated. Nonlinear coupling of dust Alfven envelope solitons and sound waves is studied in the presence of radiation pressure as well as for Jean's term and a nonlinear Schrodinger (NLS) equation is derived in this regard. In both the cases, we reduce the respective NLS equations into the energy integral equation using the Sagdeev potential method. The conditions for which the energy integral equation admits solutions are also derived and discussed.

Shah, Hassan

87

Secondary instability of Jeans mode in a gravitating fluid with uniform rotation  

SciTech Connect

An axisymmetric rotating gas in a gravitational field is examined for its stability to two dimensional disturbances with first azimuthal mode. It is shown that a quasi-equilibrium is established when pressure and Coriolis force act against primary Jeans instability. A linear perturbation on this inhomogeneous equilibrium gives rise to secondary instability, which grows differently from homogeneous case. A stationary phase integral method demonstrates that the instability grows algebraically due to the free energy associated with the axisymmetric equilibrium. This secondary Jeans instability may have some bearing with the structure formations in the universe.

Chakrabarti, Nikhil [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF Bidhannagar Calcutta 700 064 (India)

2011-06-15

88

Green Application Projects (GreenApps): Are Your Jeans Worth It?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interdisciplinary classroom exercise from GreenApps at Red Rocks Community College, based on the movie China Blue, is presented by Sally Stablein and Wendy Bird. In this activity, students will âÂÂresearch jeans from different retailers, find out where jeans are manufactured, whether there are any environmental implications from the manufacturing process, what the condition of the workers are, and what the impact on the local community is.â This site contains a description of the project, expected outcomes, and assessment guidelines. This lesson is perfect for anyone teaching in either the Sociology or Business fields looking to show students the social and economic implications of business.

Bird, Wendy; Stablein, Sally

2010-11-10

89

The Jeans modeling of the Milky Way galaxy: implications of the kinematics of the stellar halo  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: We investigate the predictions of Newtonian dynamics and the MOND theory related to the Milky Way galaxy using the Jeans equation. Methods: We used the measurements of the radial velocities of the blue horizontal branch (BHB) halo stars to test the predictions of Newtonian gravity and to also extend our study to different MOND models, taking orbital anisotropies that

S. Samurovic; A. Lalovic

2011-01-01

90

Documenting Reproduction and Inequality: Revisiting Jean Anyon's "Social Class and School Knowledge"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jean Anyon's (1981) "Social Class and School Knowledge" was a landmark work in North American educational research. It provided a richly detailed qualitative description of differential, social class-based constructions of knowledge and epistemological stance. This essay situates Anyon's work in two parallel traditions of critical educational…

Luke, Allan

2010-01-01

91

A Portrait of the Teacher as Friend and Artist: The Example of Jean-Jacques Rousseau  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following is a reflection on the possibility of teaching by example, and especially as the idea of teaching by example is developed in the work of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. My thesis is that Rousseau created a literary version of himself in his writings as an embodiment of his philosophy, rather in the same way and with the same purpose that…

McEwan, Hunter

2011-01-01

92

A Return to Love in William James and Jean-Luc Marion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this essay Samuel Rocha primarily addresses, and challenges, the modern conception of reason and the lowly place of intuition, feeling, and love in what has become traditional philosophy and education. Drawing upon the rich thought of William James and Jean-Luc Marion, Rocha introduces the reader to a certain harmony between their ideas, most…

Rocha, Samuel

2009-01-01

93

Magnetic Resonance in Radiating or Absorbing Atoms: The MIT Connection of Jean Brossel  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The motivation of Francis Bitter to combine optical excitation and radiofrequencies for a spectroscopy with sensitivity adequate for work with radioactive atoms, and the implementation with Jean Brossel, are highlighted. The recounting provides background for the USA period of Brossel's early work to accompany the article by Bernard Cagnac on the life and contributions of Brossel.

Stroke, H. H.

2005-01-01

94

Bicultural Perspectives and Reader Response: Four American Readers Respond to Jean Fritz's "Homesick."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the relationship between responses to literature and the complex world views of four bicultural students, three Asian American and one of Jewish and European descent. The focal literary work of the study was the cross-cultural text, "Homesick," by Jean Fritz. Participants were interviewed about their experiences with the text. (Author/VWL)

Leung, Cynthia

2003-01-01

95

A quantum hydrodynamic model for multicomponent quantum magnetoplasma with Jeans term  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of Jeans term in a multicomponent self-gravitating quantum magnetoplasma is investigated employing the quantum hydrodynamic (QHD) model. The effects of quantum Bohm potential and statistical terms as well as the ambient magnetic field are also investigated on both dust and ion dynamics driven waves in this Letter. We state the conditions that can drive the system unstable in

W. Masood; M. Salimullah; H. A. Shah

2008-01-01

96

A Response to "Boarding School in a Canadian Context," by Jean Barman.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Raises issues concerning boarding schools in response to Jean Barman's critique of "Boarding Schools and the Moral Community." (See JC 502 949 and JC 502 950). Discusses influences on the boarding school tradition, the liberal orientation of parents of boarding school students, boarding school purposes, and the variation that exists among boarding…

Cookson, Peter W., Jr.

1982-01-01

97

A Biographic Comparison Tracing the Origin of Their Ideas of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper compares the early life, background, and education of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. It makes the case that an adaptation of the curve developed by C. Quigley can be used to trace the motivations of both Piaget and Vygotsky in creating their respective theories. The analysis also reveals the adversity that each man faced. Although they…

Pass, Susan

98

THE HAWTHORNE EXPERIMENTS AND THE INTRODUCTION OF JEAN PIAGET IN AMERICAN INDUSTRIAL PSYCHOLOGY, 1929–1932  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Hawthorne interview program between 1929 and 1932 was one of the most significant industrial studies in the United States. The Hawthorne researchers applied Jean Piaget’s clinical method in their extensive interviews with tens of thousands of workers. Chiefly responsible for the program’s methodology was Elton Mayo, an Australian who saw interviewing as a means to promote social cooperation. Previous

Yeh Hsueh

2002-01-01

99

A Biographic Comparison Tracing the Similarities in the Lives of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on similarities in the lives of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky to enlighten study of their pedagogies and to provide some information for current classroom techniques. Neither man had a great deal to say about his early life, although Piaget published an autobiography. A number of primary sources were used to construct the…

Pass, Susan

100

Probes into the Actuality of Fantasy: Jean Epstein's "La Chute de la Maison Usher."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"La Chute de la Maison Usher" is a film adaptation by Jean Epstein of two stories by Edgar Allan Poe, "The Fall of the House of Usher" and "The Oval Portrait." This film was typical of Epstein's artistic preoccupation with the ambivalence of reality as expressed in fantasy or surrealism, in qualities of movement, and in the vagaries of seeing and…

Harpole, Charles H.

101

Can You Hear Me Now? Jean-Jacques Rousseau on Listening Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this essay Megan J. Laverty argues that Jean-Jacques Rousseau's conception of humane communication and his proposal for teaching it have implications for our understanding of the role of listening in education. She develops this argument through a close reading of Rousseau's most substantial work on education, "Emile: Or, On Education". Laverty…

Laverty, Megan J.

2011-01-01

102

The Right College: As Comfortable as Your Favorite Pair of Jeans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is one thing on every shopping list that any student will be sure to choose accurately: the perfect pair of jeans. Indeed, this ubiquitous wardrobe staple is an important purchase requiring a variety of considerations, many of which correspond to another even more significant decision most students will make in the coming weeks, months or…

Martin, Elizabeth Jean

2009-01-01

103

Manufactured Memory, Altered Belief and Self Report Mirage: The Alleged False Memory of Jean Piaget Revisited.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is argued that a Jean Piaget anecdote about an alleged memory implanted in a young child leading to both a visual and semantic memory that persists despite disconfirming evidence is entirely different than the recovered memory debate, which is about the alleged introduction of memories to grown adults. (CR)

Leavitt, Frank

1999-01-01

104

Birth of Modern Psychiatry and the Death of Alienism: The Legacy of Jean-Martin Charcot  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the time of Jean-Martin Charcot, Paris – the main center for studies on the nervous system and its disorders – was home to critical exchanges between the developing discipline of neurology and psychiatry. Contrary to the commonly held view, and in spite of an established tradition concerning mental diseases, emerging neurology had a much stronger influence on psychiatry (‘alienism’)

Julien Bogousslavsky; Thierry Moulin

2011-01-01

105

The role of negative ions on the Jeans instability in a complex plasma in the presence of nonthermal positive ions  

SciTech Connect

The role of negative ions on Jeans instability in the presence of nonthermal positive ions has been investigated in this paper. Electrons and negative ions are considered Boltzmann-distributed, while the positive ions follow nonthermal velocity distribution. A negatively charged dust component is modeled by continuity and momentum equations. The linear dispersion relation shows that the presence of negative ions reduces the critical value of the nonthermal parameter a{sub cr}, which consequently increases the unstable region and hence pronounces the Jeans instability. The growth rate of this Jeans instability decreases with the increasing negative ion temperature.

Roy, Banamali; Sarkar, Susmita; Khan, Manoranjan; Gupta, M. R. [Centre for Plasma Studies, Jadavpur University, Kolkata-700032 (India)

2006-10-15

106

Two Schemes of Intellectual Development: A Comparison of Development as Defined by William Perry and Jean Piaget.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comparison of the theories of Jean Piaget and William Perry (using individual interviews with college students) shows that the two theories outline different and independent processes for assessing intellectual development. (JN)

Perry, Bruce; And Others

1986-01-01

107

Departures and HomecomingsDiaspora in Jean-Claude Izzo’s Marseille  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay explores the theme of diaspora and departure in the context of the city of Marseille, identified by the legendary journalist Albert Londres as the definitive symbol of departure and return in the French twentieth-century imaginary. The work of the late twentieth-century novelist Jean-Claude Izzo draws upon Londres’ analysis of the city as the locus of diaspora and departure,

Nicholas Hewitt

2006-01-01

108

Gravitational hydrodynamics vs observations of voids, Jeans clusters and MACHO dark matter  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gravitational hydrodynamics acknowledges that hydrodynamics is essentially nonlinear and viscous. In the plasma, at $z=5100$, the viscous length enters the horizon and causes fragmentation into plasma clumps surrounded by voids. The latter have expanded to 38 Mpc now, explaining the cosmic void scale $30\\/h=42$ Mpc. After the decoupling the Jeans mechanism fragments all matter in clumps of ca 40,000 solar

Theo M. Nieuwenhuizen; Carl H. Gibson; Rudolph E. Schild

2010-01-01

109

Gravitational hydrodynamics vs observations of voids, Jeans clusters and MACHO dark matter  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gravitational hydrodynamics acknowledges that hydrodynamics is essentially\\u000anonlinear and viscous. In the plasma, at $z=5100$, the viscous length enters\\u000athe horizon and causes fragmentation into plasma clumps surrounded by voids.\\u000aThe latter have expanded to 38 Mpc now, explaining the cosmic void scale\\u000a$30\\/h=42$ Mpc. After the decoupling the Jeans mechanism fragments all matter in\\u000aclumps of ca 40,000 solar

Theo M. Nieuwenhuizen; Carl H. Gibson; Rudolph E. Schild

2010-01-01

110

Clinical and Molecular Aspects of Juvenile Hemochromatosis in Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean (Quebec, Canada)  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT:We report the clinical, biochemical, and genetic characteristics of 13 hemochromatosis patients from Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean in whom the first symptoms appeared before age 30. Although the mean age at onset of the first symptoms was 21.5 years, their mean age at diagnosis was 23.8 years; the diagnosis was particularly delayed among women. Seventy-seven percent of the patients had hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism and

Sylvain R Rivard; Catherine Mura; Hervé Simard; Raynald Simard; Doria Grimard; Gérald Le Gac; Odile Raguenes; Claude Férec; Marc De Braekeleer

2000-01-01

111

The effect of finite Larmor radius corrections on Jeans instability of quantum plasma  

SciTech Connect

The influence of finite Larmor radius (FLR) effects on the Jeans instability of infinitely conducting homogeneous quantum plasma is investigated. The quantum magnetohydrodynamic (QMHD) model is used to formulate the problem. The contribution of FLR is incorporated to the QMHD set of equations in the present analysis. The general dispersion relation is obtained analytically using the normal mode analysis technique which is modified due to the contribution of FLR corrections. From general dispersion relation, the condition of instability is obtained and it is found that Jeans condition is modified due to quantum effect. The general dispersion relation is reduced for both transverse and longitudinal mode of propagations. The condition of gravitational instability is modified due to the presence of both FLR and quantum corrections in the transverse mode of propagation. In longitudinal case, it is found to be unaffected by the FLR effects but modified due to the quantum corrections. The growth rate of Jeans instability is discussed numerically for various values of quantum and FLR corrections of the medium. It is found that the quantum parameter and FLR effects have stabilizing influence on the growth rate of instability of the system.

Sharma, Prerana [Physics Department, Ujjain Engineering College, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh 465010 (India)] [Physics Department, Ujjain Engineering College, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh 465010 (India); Chhajlani, R. K. [School of Studies in Physics, Vikram University Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh 465010 (India)] [School of Studies in Physics, Vikram University Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh 465010 (India)

2013-09-15

112

Dynamical signatures of infall around galaxy clusters: a generalized Jeans equation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the internal kinematics of galaxy clusters in the region beyond the sphere of virialization. Galaxies around a virialized cluster are infalling towards the cluster centre with a non-zero mean radial velocity. We develop a new formalism for describing the dynamical state of clusters, by generalizing the standard Jeans formalism with the inclusion of the peculiar infall motions of galaxies and the Hubble expansion as well as the contributions due to background cosmology. Using empirical fits to the radial profiles of density, mean radial velocity and velocity anisotropy of both a stacked cluster-mass halo and two isolated haloes of a cosmological dark matter only simulation, we verify that our generalized Jeans equation correctly predicts the radial velocity dispersion out to 4 virial radii. We find that the radial velocity dispersion inferred from the standard Jeans equation is accurate up to 2 virial radii, but overestimated by ?20 per cent for the stacked halo and by ?40 per cent for the isolated haloes, in the range ?2-3 virial radii. Our model depends on the logarithmic growth rate of the virial radius (function of halo mass or concentration), which we estimate in seven different ways, and on the departure from self-similarity of the evolution of the peculiar velocity profile in virial units.

Falco, Martina; Mamon, Gary A.; Wojtak, Radoslaw; Hansen, Steen H.; Gottlöber, Stefan

2013-12-01

113

A comparison between John Dewey's theory of inquiry and Jean Piaget's genetic analysis of intelligence.  

PubMed

This article compares John Dewey's theory of inquiry with Jean Piaget's analysis of the mechanisms implied in the increase of knowledge. The sources for this paper are Dewey's studies on logic and the theory of inquiry and Piaget's historical-critical and psychogenetic investigations. Three major conclusions result from the comparison: first, there are significant convergences between the two theories; second, Piaget's developmental analysis makes explicit what is programmatic in Dewey's investigations; and, finally, Piaget is incorrect in characterizing Dewey's pragmatism as a method that does not meet the criteria of intelligent activity. PMID:328823

Seltzer, E

1977-06-01

114

The effect of irradiation on the Jeans mass in fragmenting self-gravitating protostellar discs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When a self-gravitating disc is subject to irradiation, its propensity to fragmentation will be affected. The strength of self-gravitating disc stresses is expected to dictate disc fragmentation: as the strength of these torques typically decreases with increasing sound speed, it is reasonable to assume, to first order, that disc fragmentation is suppressed when compared to the non-irradiated case, although previous work has shown that the details are complicated by the source of the irradiation. We expand on a previous analysis of the Jeans mass inside spiral structures in self-gravitating discs, incorporating the effects of stellar irradiation and background irradiation. If irradiation is present, fragmentation is suppressed for marginally unstable discs at low accretion rates (compared to the no-irradiation case), but these lower accretion rates correspond to higher mass discs. Fragmentation can still occur for high accretion rates, but is consequently suppressed at lower disc surface densities, and the subsequent Jeans mass is boosted. These results further bolster the consensus that, without subsequent fragment disruption or mass-loss, the gravitational instability is more likely to form brown dwarfs and low-mass stars than gas giant planets.

Forgan, Duncan; Rice, Ken

2013-04-01

115

Jean-Jacques Rousseau on Adult Education and Revolution. Paradigma of Radical, Pedagogical Thought. 2nd Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores Jean-Jacques Rousseau's educational philosophy, as expressed in his key works, and applies that philosophy to adult education and revolution. The titles and topics of the book's seven chapters are as follows: (1) "L'Invitation: Raison d'Etre" (prelude, statement, significance, the process, assumptions and limitations); (2) "Le…

Dame, Frederick William

116

Elementary Teachers' Application of Jean Piaget's Theories of Cognitive Development during Social Studies Curriculum Debates in Arizona  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we explore educators' use of Jean Piaget's theories concerning cognitive development to refute proposed social studies standards in Arizona. We describe the work of Piaget as well as the National Association for the Education of Young Children's developmentally appropriate practices as they apply to primary-grade children's…

Hinde, Elizabeth R.; Perry, Nancy

2007-01-01

117

Role-taking as a Cognitive Process in the Writings of George Herbert Mead and Jean Piaget  

Microsoft Academic Search

Role-taking, as considered in the writings of the social psychologist George Herbert Mead, is a developmental construct essential for social interaction. Since its early formulations, however, it has suffered from conceptual confusion and misrepresentation. The present study analyzes the nature and development of role-taking ability in the works of G. H. Mead and Jean Piaget in order to provide clarification

Marie Hope Pierce

1976-01-01

118

Psychology and Schooling: The Impact of Susan Isaacs and Jean Piaget on 1960s Science Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the tensions between two psychological frameworks in the negotiation of teaching practices, curriculum, and ideas about what constitutes childhood: (1) the theories of Jean Piaget focused on behavior at different developmental stages; or (2) the Susan Isaacs research that took a general view of children's intellectual capabilities. (CMK)

Hall, Jody S.

2000-01-01

119

Two schemes of intellectual development: A comparison of development as defined by william perry and jean piaget  

Microsoft Academic Search

The theories of Jean Piaget and William Perry provide two different theories of intellectual development with several similiarities, but also with critical differences. In this study a comparison was made to determine whether the two theories describe operation of the same mental structures or two fundamentally different aspects of intellectual development. The results, based upon individual interviews of all participants,

Bruce Perry; Michael P. Donovan; Linda J. Kelsey; John Paterson; Walter Statkiewicz; Robert D. Allen

1986-01-01

120

The framing of Calvin Klein: A frame analysis of media discourse about the August 1995 Calvin Klein Jeans advertising campaign  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyzes the media discourse about the August 1995 Calvin Klein jeans campaign which media critics characterized as “kiddie porn.” Though media placement of the campaign was limited, mainstream media reports of the nascent controversy surrounding the campaign brought it into the national spotlight. A frame analysis is used to deconstruct the kiddie?porn media frame which the industry and

Lauren R. Tucker

1998-01-01

121

Jean-Charles Houzeau and the 1882 Belgian Transit of Venus Expeditions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1871, the Belgian astronomer Jean-Charles Houzeau developed a new approach to determine the solar parallax. His "heliometer with unequal focal lengths" produces a large and a small solar image, as well as a large and a small image of Venus. Making the small solar and the large Venus image coincide yields a measure of the angular distance of the centers of both objects. Two such instruments were built for two Belgian expeditions to observe the Venus transit of December 6, 1882: one to San Antonio, Texas, and another one to Santiago de Chile. These were the first major expeditions in the history of Belgian science. This paper documents the expeditions, and clarifies the principal instrument and its present-day whereabouts.

Sterken, Christiaan

2013-05-01

122

Payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier, representing the French Space Agency (CNES), prepares a  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

STS-78 ONBOARD VIEW --- Payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier, representing the French Space Agency (CNES), prepares a sample for the Advanced Gradient Heating Facility (AGHF) while wearing instruments that measure upper body movement. The Torso Rotation Experiment (TRE) complements other vestibular studies that measure differences in the way human beings react physically to their surroundings in microgravity. This is a typical Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS-1) mission scene, with several experiments being performed. Astronaut Susan J. Helms, payload commander, assists Favier in the AGHF preparations. Astronaut Richard M. Linnehan (bottom right), mission specialist, tests his muscle response with the Handgrip Dynamometer. Astronaut Thomas T. (Tom) Henricks (far background), mission commander, offers assistance.

1996-01-01

123

[Jean-Jacques Rosseau the vitalist. The moralization of medical hygiene between diet and ethical food].  

PubMed

The historiographical prejudice that sees in Jean-Jacques Rousseau an implacable opponent of scientific knowledge has long prevented an objective evaluation of the important influence that medical thought exerted over his philosophy. The aim of this paper is to show not only Rousseau's familiarity with the most important expressions of eighteenth-century medical literature, but also his willingness to incorporate some medical suggestions in his philosophical and literary production. In the first part of this article, I try to show how Rousseau's sensibility theory presupposes precise medical ideals, related to Montpellier School of vitalism. In the second part, I stress how Rousseau's philosophy of alimentation (which has clear anthropological and political implications) can be regarded as a genuine application of an ambition typical of vitalism: to use medical hygiene, also and above all, for moral purpose. PMID:23035396

Menin, Marco

2012-01-01

124

HUMAN RIGHTS ASSESSMENT IN PARC JEAN MARIE VINCENT, PORT-AU-PRINCE, HAITI  

PubMed Central

Months after a 7.0 magnitude earthquake hit Port-au-Prince, Haiti, over one million remain homeless and living in spontaneous internally displaced person (IDP) camps. Billions of dollars from aid organizations and government agencies have been pledged toward the relief effort, yet many basic human needs, including food, shelter, and sanitation, continue to be unmet. The Sphere Project, “Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response,” identifies the minimum standards to be attained in disaster response. From a human rights perspective and utilizing key indicators from the Sphere Project as benchmarks, this article reports on an assessment of the living conditions approximately 12 weeks after the earthquake in Parc Jean Marie Vincent, a spontaneous IDP camp in Port-au-Prince. A stratified random sample of households in the camp, proportionate to the number of families living in each sector, was selected. Interview questions were designed to serve as “key indicators” for the Sphere Project minimum standards. A total of 486 interviews were completed, representing approximately 5% of households in each of the five sectors of the camp. Our assessment identified the relative achievements and shortcomings in the provision of relief services in Parc Jean Marie Vincent. At the time of this survey, the Sphere Project minimum standards for access to health care and quantity of water per person per day were being met. Food, shelter, sanitation, and security were below minimum accepted standard and of major concern. The formal assessment reported here was completed by September 2010, and is necessarily limited to conditions in Haiti before the cholera outbreak in October.

Cullen, Kimberly A.; Ivers, Louise C.

2014-01-01

125

Fish and Aquatic Invertebrate Communities in Waterways, and Contaminants in Fish, at the Barataria Preserve of Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Reserve, Louisiana, 1999-2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Fish and aquatic invertebrate communities in waterways of the Barataria Preserve of Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve, Louisiana, were surveyed from 1999 to 2000. An inventory of fish in the Barataria Preserve was established, and concent...

C. M. Swarzenski S. V. Mize B. A. Thompson G. W. Peterson

2004-01-01

126

When Constructivists Jean Piaget And Lev Vygotsky Were Pedagogical Collaborators: A Viewpoint From A Study Of Their Communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Jean Piaget, author of Genetic Epistemology, and Lev Vygotsky, creator of Cultural–Historical Theory, were able to communicate and exchange ideas for a period of five years. After 1929, despite Stalin cutting off all East–West communications, they still were able to have some communication. Many think that Genetic Epistemology and Cultural–Historical Theory are dissimilar, but the knowledge of these mutual communications

Susan Pass

2007-01-01

127

Two schemes of intellectual development: A comparison of development as defined by william perry and jean piaget  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The theories of Jean Piaget and William Perry provide two different theories of intellectual development with several similiarities, but also with critical differences. In this study a comparison was made to determine whether the two theories describe operation of the same mental structures or two fundamentally different aspects of intellectual development. The results, based upon individual interviews of all participants, indicate that the two theories outline different and independent processes for assessing intellectual development.

Perry, Bruce; Donovan, Michael P.; Kelsey, Linda J.; Paterson, John; Statkiewicz, Walter; Allen, Robert D.

128

Role-taking as a Cognitive Process in the Writings of George Herbert Mead and Jean Piaget  

Microsoft Academic Search

Role-taking, as considered in the writings of the social psychologist George Herbert Mead, is a developmental construct essential for social interaction. Since its early formulations, however, it has suffered from conceptual confusion and misrepresentation. The present study analyzes the nature and development of role-taking ability in the works of G.H. Mead and Jean Piaget in order to provide clarification of

Marie Hope Pierce

1976-01-01

129

Evolution of Inbreeding Coefficients and Effective Size in the Population of Saguenay Lac-St.Jean (Québec)  

Microsoft Academic Search

We computed mean inbreeding coefficients (FIT, FIS, and FST) based on approximately 2,700 ascending pedigrees of contemporary people from Saguenay Lac-St-Jean (Quebec, Canada). This allowed us to appreciate the accumulated inbreeding and to follow the evolution of these coefficients since the founding of Quebec. One of the results was the expected increase in FST. Relying on this parameter, we computed

Soufia Mourali-Chebil; Evelyne Heyer

2006-01-01

130

Evolution of Inbreeding Coefficients and Effective Size in the Population of Saguenay Lac-St.Jean (Que´bec)  

Microsoft Academic Search

We computed mean inbreeding coefficients (FIT, FIS, and FST) based on approximately 2,700 ascending pedigrees of contemporary people from Saguenay Lac-St-Jean (Que´bec, Canada). This allowed us to appreciate the accumulated inbreeding and to follow the evolution of these coefficients since the founding of Que´bec. One of the results was the expected increase in FST. Relying on this parameter, we computed

Soufia Mourali-Chebil; Evelyne Heyer

2006-01-01

131

Modified Jeans instability of magnetized viscous spin 1/2 quantum plasma with resistive effects and Hall current  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effect of Hall current on Jeans self-gravitational instability is examined for finitely conducting dense quantum viscous plasma in the presence of spin generated magnetization. The basic equations of the problem are constructed using quantum magneto hydrodynamic (QMHD) model. The Hall and resistivity terms are incorporated in the idealized Ohm's law and spin induced magnetization and viscosity terms are incorporated to the momentum equations. The general dispersion relation is found to be modified due to the presence of Hall current, electrical resistivity and viscosity parameter along with the spin induced magnetization. The dispersion relation is further reduced for both transverse and longitudinal mode of propagations. In the transverse mode of propagation the Jeans condition of instability is modified due to Alfven velocity, magnetization parameter and quantum corrections, and the growth rate of instability is found to be modified due to the electrical resistivity, viscosity, magnetization parameter and quantum corrections but remains unaffected by the presence of Hall current. In longitudinal direction of propagation the gravitational mode is affected due to the viscosity and quantum parameter while the Jeans condition of instability depends only upon the quantum correction. The Alfven mode in longitudinal direction gets modified due to the electrical resistivity, Hall current, viscosity and magnetization parameter however, it is found to be independent of quantum corrections. The numerical observations are also presented to show the effect of electrical resistivity, magnetization and quantum corrections on the growth rate of instability.

Sharma, Prerana; Chhajlani, R. K.

2014-07-01

132

Sparking controversy: Jean Antoine Nollet and medical electricity south of the Alps.  

PubMed

The paper considers a significant episode in the history of eighteenth-century electricity: the controversy over the "medicated tubes". Invented by the Italian erudite Gianfrancesco Pivati, the tubes were said to produce instantaneous cures. Jean Antoine Nollet was one of the main actors of the controversy. In 1749, after touring Italy to see for himself the Italian tubes and their effects, he published a report, discrediting Pivati's accounts. This study shows that the report, which has since been the main source for interpretations of the controversy, hides the key role of the Bologna Istituto delle Scienze in promoting Pivati's invention. Relying on manuscript sources, I propose a change of perspective on the controversy that illuminates the world of Italian experimental philosophy during the Enlightenment and its place in the Republic of Letters. I also analyze the reasons for Nollet's silence over the involvement of the Istituto delle Scienze in the controversy and the relevance of medical electricity in the wider context of contemporary electrical experimental philosophy. PMID:16116699

Bertucci, Paola

2005-01-01

133

Jean-Charles Houzeau's Visual Magnitude Estimates from Jamaica in 1868  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Jean-Charles Houzeau de Lehaie (1820-1888) was a Belgian astronomer who, as an observer, covered astronomy, geography, cartography, geodesy and natural sciences. He is known for designing the ``heliometer with unequal focal lengths" for the 1882 transit of Venus, for which he organised two expeditions: one to San Antonio (Texas), and one to Santiago (Chile). Less known, but historically important from the point of view of his consistent approach to observational science, was his ``Uranométrie générale", in which he systematically recorded visual magnitudes of 5719 northern and southern stars up to mag 6.4. He carried out the visual estimates from Jamaica in less than 400 nights in 1875--76. This presentation discusses the observational approach of his project, and weighs the merit of a dataset that was produced in one throw, by one single person from one single observing site of excellent atmospheric quality, without any recourse to data produced by other observers. A proving example of the virtue of Houzeau's Uranométrie is that it has been used in the construction of the charts of the first edition of ``Norton's Star Atlas".

Sterken, Christiaan

2012-09-01

134

Spectra Interpretation of Organic Compounds (by Erno Pretsch and Jean Thomas Clerc)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Erno Pretsch and Jean Thomas Clerc. VCH: Weinheim, 1997. 165 pp, CD-ROM included. ISBN 3-527-28826-0. $90.00. This slim book purports to afford an interactive spectroscopy course via the iterative solution of 15 spectral problems. The text's working premise is that there is no single generalized approach to solving combined spectral problems. To the extent that Pretsch and Clerc have attempted to provide a mnemonic, they recommend (i) extracting the most accessible information from any of the spectra (MS, IR, 1H NMR, or 13C NMR) to obtain identifiable structural elements, (ii) generating all plausible structural combinations by combining the various constituent building blocks, and (iii) differentiating among the proposed structures by correlation with empirical spectral data. To assist in the third facet of this paradigm, an ancillary CD-ROM containing the SpecTeach version of the SpecTool software that runs on Windows 3.1, Windows 95, or Windows NT is provided with the text.

Leber, Phyllis A.

1998-06-01

135

Jean-Anthelme Brillat-Savarin's 1825 treatise on the mouth and ingestion.  

PubMed

This article quotes and discusses Jean-Anthelme Brillat-Savarin's musings on the mouth and ingestion as described in his book The Physiology of Taste. The book was first published in France in December 1825, and is still widely read as a key work in Gastronomy today. The mouth is intimately related to the acts of chewing, swallowing and eating and it would be interesting to report an early 19th century epicurean's views on the mouth. Passages from Brillat-Savarin's book describing the functions of the teeth and tongue and the acts of tasting, chewing, and swallowing are quoted in full. Anecdotes also include one on the horrifying punishment of having one's tongue removed and another illustrating the poor oral health found among Europeans of that era. His work offers a unique glimpse into how a 19th century gastronome viewed the oral cavity and its gastronomical functions. While some of his writings may appear archaic and antediluvian to the modern reader; others relating to, for example chewing and swallowing, are surprisingly accurate by contemporary standards. Nonetheless, the gastronomic savant seemed to know a lot right about modern stomatology! PMID:23739320

Chong, Gabriel Tse Feng

2012-12-01

136

Comparison of the velocity distribution between the adhesion approximation and the Euler-Jeans-Newton model  

SciTech Connect

For the evolution of density fluctuation in nonlinear cosmological dynamics, adhesion approximation (AA) is proposed as a phenomenological model, which is especially useful for describing nonlinear evolution. However, the origin of the artificial viscosity in AA is not clarified. Recently, Buchert and Dominguez report if the velocity dispersion of the dust fluid is regarded as isotropic, it works on a principle similar to viscosity or effective pressure, and they consider isotropic velocity dispersion as the origin of the artificial viscosity in AA. They name their model the Euler-Jeans-Newton (EJN) model. In this paper, we focus on the velocity distribution in AA and the EJN model and examine the time evolution in both models. We find the behavior of AA differs from that of the EJN model, i.e., although the peculiar velocity in the EJN model oscillates, that in AA is monotonically decelerated due to viscosity without oscillation. Therefore it is hard to regard viscosity in AA as effective pressure in the EJN model.

Sotani, Hajime [Advanced Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan); Tatekawa, Takayuki [Advanced Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan); Department of Physics, Ochanomizu University, 2-1-1 Otsuka, Bunkyo, Tokyo 112-8610 (Japan); Department of Physics, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan)

2006-01-15

137

Generalized Jeans' Escape of Pick-Up Ions in Quasi-Linear Relaxation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Jeans escape is a well-validated formulation of upper atmospheric escape that we have generalized to estimate plasma escape from ionospheres. It involves the computation of the parts of particle velocity space that are unbound by the gravitational potential at the exobase, followed by a calculation of the flux carried by such unbound particles as they escape from the potential well. To generalize this approach for ions, we superposed an electrostatic ambipolar potential and a centrifugal potential, for motions across and along a divergent magnetic field. We then considered how the presence of superthermal electrons, produced by precipitating auroral primary electrons, controls the ambipolar potential. We also showed that the centrifugal potential plays a small role in controlling the mass escape flux from the terrestrial ionosphere. We then applied the transverse ion velocity distribution produced when ions, picked up by supersonic (i.e., auroral) ionospheric convection, relax via quasi-linear diffusion, as estimated for cometary comas [1]. The results provide a theoretical basis for observed ion escape response to electromagnetic and kinetic energy sources. They also suggest that super-sonic but sub-Alfvenic flow, with ion pick-up, is a unique and important regime of ion-neutral coupling, in which plasma wave-particle interactions are driven by ion-neutral collisions at densities for which the collision frequency falls near or below the gyro-frequency. As another possible illustration of this process, the heliopause ribbon discovered by the IBEX mission involves interactions between the solar wind ions and the interstellar neutral gas, in a regime that may be analogous [2].

Moore, T. E.; Khazanov, G. V.

2011-01-01

138

[The Boulducs' dynasty, apothecaries in Paris in XVIIth and XVIIIth centuries: Jean François Boulduc (February 20, 1728 - August 18, 1769)].  

PubMed

Jean-François Boulduc was Gilles-François Boulduc's illegitimate child. At his death his property inventory revealed numerous documents (baptism certificate, ill, etc.) that allowed us to specify his professional activity. He practised galenic and chemical pharmacy trade rue des Boucheries in Paris and went into partnership with two apothecaries Claude Pia and Michel Depène successively. First apothecary of King Louis XV, he provided the Court in Versailles and Marley with medicines that he prepared in his pharmacy in Paris or in a laboratory in his house in Marly-le-Roi. He died in Paris on August 18, 1769 without progeny. PMID:12894801

Warolin, Christian

2003-01-01

139

Nomenclatural notes on the eurytomids (chalcidoidea: eurytomidae) described by jean brèthes housed in museo argentino de ciencias naturales "bernardino rivadavia".  

PubMed

Ten Eurytomidae (Hymenoptera) parasitic wasp species described by Jean Brèthes and deposited in the Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales in Buenos Aires are treated and their nomenclature stabilized. The condition of the type material is described. Lectotypes are designated for Decatoma cecidosiphaga Brèthes, Prodecatoma parodii Brèthes, Eudecatoma opposita Brèthes, and Eurytoma caridei Brèthes. One new generic synonymy, Xanthosomodes Brèthes with Tetramesa Walker, n. syn., and five new combinations are proposed: Tetramesa albiangulata (Brèthes), n. comb.; Phylloxeroxenus caridei (Brèthes), n. comb.; Aximopsis vulgata (Brèthes), n. comb.; Proseurytoma parodii (Brèthes), n. comb.; and Bruchophagus opposita (Brèthes), n. comb. Sycophila paranensis Brèthes is declared incertae sedis. PMID:24869892

Gates, Michael W

2014-01-01

140

Diamagnetic Corrections and Pascal's Constants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Measured magnetic susceptibilities of paramagnetic substances must typically be corrected for their underlying diamagnetism. This correction is often accomplished by using tabulated values for the diamagnetism of atoms, ions, or whole molecules. These tabulated values can be problematic since many sources contain incomplete and conflicting data.…

Bain, Gordon A.; Berry, John F.

2008-01-01

141

A genetic assessment of single versus double origin of landlocked Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar ) from Lake Saint-Jean, Québec, Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

We assessed the genetic relationships among landlocked populations and parapatric anadromous populations of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) from the Saguenay River system to infer the alternative scenarios of single versus double origin of salmon in Lake Saint-Jean, Québec, Canada. We predicted that the hypothesis of double origin would be supported by the closer relationship of some landlocked populations to anadromous

Nathalie Tessier; Louis Bernatchez

2000-01-01

142

Shall Our Leadership Preparation Programs Be Focused on Proactive Leadership for Social Justice? A Rejoinder to Jean-Marie, Normore, and Brooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A dominant conjecture underlying the literature about leadership for social justice brought up in Jean-Marie, Normore, and Brooks' (2009) paper suggests that leadership preparation programs (LPPs) need to prepare school leaders to promote a broader and deeper understanding of social justice, democracy, and equity, as well as to struggle with forms…

Oplatka, Izhar

2009-01-01

143

Transitory Connections: The Reception and Rejection of Jean Piaget's Psychology in the Nursery School Movement in the 1920s and 1930s  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1927, nursery school educator Lucy Sprague Mitchell heralded Jean Piaget's psychology as of "outstanding interest" and wrote in "Progressive Education" that it should be of "immense service" to psychologists, teachers, and parents. In 1929, psychologist Lois Meek praised Piaget's research in the National Society for the Study of Education's…

Beatty, Barbara

2009-01-01

144

HE SEES THE DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN’S CONCEPTS UPON A BACKGROUND OF SOCIOLOGY: Jean Piaget’s Honorary Degree at Harvard University in 1936  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the recent memory, Jean Piaget has been known as a cognitive developmental psychologist. But in 1936 when Harvard gave him his first honorary degree, he was recognized mainly as a sociologist. Why did Harvard honor him in 1936? Who knew his work well enough to nominate him? This article will address these questions by exploring archival documents from different

Yeh Hsueh

2004-01-01

145

Autoévaluation de la douleur : la théorie de Jean Piaget comme cadre interprétatif de l'expression de la douleur chez l'enfant : mise au point et perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many studies have shown that the expression and the understanding of pain in children follow the sequence of the developmental levels of intelligence defined by Jean Piaget. However, the Piaget's theory is not a good interpretative framework because of its epistemological aim and because pain is not a concept for the child who talks about it. Psychology and psychoanalysis of

M. Zabalia

2005-01-01

146

Application of Jean Piaget's theory of human development for nursing children in an adult intensive therapy unit.  

PubMed

Piaget (1964) believed that interaction with the environment has a large part to play in human development. Matthew (1986) states that in an ideal world critically ill children should be cared for by staff trained in paediatrics, within designated paediatric intensive therapy units. Unfortunately, there are only 28 paediatric intensive therapy units in Great Britain (CMA Medical Data, 1987), consequently each year a third of children requiring intensive care are admitted to adult intensive therapy units (ITU). A knowledge and understanding of developmental psychology can therefore be beneficial to nurses in assessing which stage of development a child has reached, in order to plan the correct level of stimulation, and hence facilitate progress rather than regression in the accomplishment of developmental tasks. The psychological and social processes involved in Jean Piaget's (1896-1980) theory of human development are discussed with regard to nursing children requiring intubation and ventilation in an adult ITU. PMID:1765639

Green, A

1991-12-01

147

Redefinition of the Lac-St.-Jean Anorthosite, Central Grenville Province, Québec, Based on Compositional, Structural, Geochronological, and Mineral Deposit Features  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Lac-St.-Jean Anorthosite was previously recognized as one of the biggest anorthositic masses in the world (20,000 km2). Recent field and geochronological work has demonstrated that this anorthositic mass is, in fact, an assemblage resulting from four temporally distinct magmatic episodes, which took place between 1327 and 1012 Ma. This discovery has required the redefinition of the Lac-St.-Jean Anorthosite in terms of its component units. The 1327 ± 16 Ma De La Blache Mafic Plutonic Suite occupies the northeastern limb of the former Lac-St.-Jean Anorthosite. This suite is characterized by labradorite-type anorthosite, a large volume of olivine-bearing anorthositic rocks, a wide gabbronoritic fringe, and Fe-Ti and Ni-Cu occurrences. This magmatic body is constrained by a paired, dextral and sinistral strike-slip fault system. The Lac-St.-Jean Anorthositic Suite represents that part of the former Lac St.-Jean Anorthosite that was emplaced between 1160 and 1140 Ma. The suite still occupies the largest area of any anorthositic mass in the Central Grenville Province. It is characterized by labradorite- and andesine-type anorthositic rocks, is bordered by gabbronoritic fringes along its northern and southeastern margins, and contains sizeable Ti-Fe-P and Ni-Cu occurrences. The western part of this huge anorthositic mass is undeformed, whereas the eastern part was pervasively affected by a system of thrust and strike-slip faults, which resulted in a high degree of recrystallization of the anorthositic rocks. The 1180-1160 Ma Vanel Anorthosite occupies a large part of the eastern margin of the former Lac-St.-Jean-Anorthosite. This unit is characterized by labradorite- and andesine-type anorthositic rocks containing typically pink-colored and almost ubiquitously recristallized plagioclase. It includes abundant coronitic leuconorite, orthopyroxene-bearing leucotroctolite, and norite, and contains a few Ti-Fe-P occurrences. The 1012 +6/-4 Ma Mattawa Anorthosite is an almost circular pluton that intrudes the former Lac-St.-Jean Anorthosite. This pluton is located along the contact between the Vanel Anorthosite and Lac-St.-Jean Anorthositic Suite rocks. The Mattawa Anorthosite is part of the 1020-1010 Ma Labrieville Anorthositic Suite, which also includes the Labrieville alkalic anorthositic massif, the Gouin Charnockite, and the La Hache Monzonite; all of these outcrop in the vicinity of the Mattawa Anorthosite. The Labrieville alkalic anorthositic massif is the only member of the Labrieville Anorthositic Suite that is not included within the limits of the former Lac-St-Jean Anorthosite. The Mattawa Anorthosite and the Labrieville alkalic anorthositic massif are undeformed anorthositic plutons characterized by pinkish andesine plagioclase. Fe-Ti-P-bearing rocks are present within all the plutons of the Labrieville Anorthositic Suite.

Hebert, C.; van Breemen, O.

2004-05-01

148

[First initiatives for social integration of the mentally ill in one phase of pre-deinstitutionalization. The example of Saint-Jean-de-Dieu, 1910-1950].  

PubMed

This article on the first initiatives of social integration of the mentally ill, using the example of the Hôpital St-Jean-de-Dieu, explores the implementation of a period of deinstitutionalization in the early decades of the 20th century. Our study is situated in the recent historiography that offers a rereading of the period just prior to the Quiet Revolution in Quebec. We intend to contribute by demonstrating that the policies, strategies and practices of the Sisters of Providence and the psychiatrists of St-Jean-de-Dieu developed a system of deinstitutionalization that reintegrated patients into their family as early as the 1910s, half a century before the first wave of deinstitutionalization of the 1960s was orchestrated by the authors of the Bédard report. PMID:22512050

Thifault, Marie-Claude; Perreault, Isabelle

2011-01-01

149

Jean-Martin Charcot and art: relationship of the "founder of neurology" with various aspects of art.  

PubMed

Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893), the "father of neurology" in France and much beyond, was also the man who established academic psychiatry in Paris, differentiating it from clinical alienism. In his teaching, he used artistic representations from previous centuries to illustrate the historical developments of hysteria, mainly with the help of his pupil Paul Richer. Charcot liked to draw portraits (in particular, sketches of colleagues during boring faculty meetings and students' examinations), caricatures of himself and others, church sculptures, landscapes, soldiers, etc. He also used this skill in his clinical and scientific work; he drew histological or anatomic specimens, as well as patients' features and demeanor. His most daring artistic experiments were drawing under the influence of hashish. Charcot's tastes in art were conservative; he displayed no affinity for the avant-gardes of his time, including impressionism, or for contemporary musicians, such as César Franck or Hector Berlioz. Léon Daudet, son of Charcot's former friend and famous writer Alphonse Daudet, described Charcot's home as a pseudo-gothic kitsch accumulation of heteroclite pieces of furniture and materials. However, as Henry Meige wrote a few years after his mentor's death, Charcot the artist remains "inseparable from Charcot the physician." PMID:24041281

Bogousslavsky, Julien; Boller, François

2013-01-01

150

[The market at the heart of the invention of the museum ? : Jean-Baptiste-Pierre Lebrun at the Louvre (1792-1802).  

PubMed

Before Vivant Denon, the dealer Jean-Baptiste-Pierre Lebrun played a crucial role in the creation of the Louvre collections, despite the revolutionary discourse which opposed the market to the museum. Lebrun's position as a polemicist is interpreted here as a strategy of self-presentation which made possible the controversial birth of the figure of the museum expert. With Lebrun, the Louvre imposed itself as a public space of artistic expertise, where values imported from the market - such as attributionism, materiality, and authenticity - became prominent in the evaluation of paintings. PMID:21424356

Guichard, Charlotte

2011-03-01

151

Fluid circulation and deformational gradient in north-Pyrenean flyschs: Example from the Saint-Jean-de-Luz basin (France)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The relationships between fluid circulation and deformation are one of the issues of the sedimentary basin study. In the Cretaceous flysch of the Saint-Jean-de-Luz basin, the evolution of folds geometry and the increasing volume of calcite-filled fractures and veins evidence a northward deformational gradient along the French Basque coast. A combined approach is proposed to assess the corresponding physical and chemical conditions: the microthermometric study of fluid inclusions in calcite sampled in different generations of veins and fractures and the X-ray diffraction analysis of clay minerals from adjacent marl layers. Salinity of the trapped H2O-CaCl2-NaCl fluids increases with depth in the series, in good agreement with salinity gradients reported in sedimentary basins. Dispersion of the data also increases with depth from 0.3 to 1.3 wt.% NaCl eq. in the shallowest formation (Haizabia flysch) to 9.1 to 23.0 wt.% NaCl eq. in the deepest formation (Guéthary flysch). Minimal trapping temperatures of the fluids in the Haizabia and Socoa flyschs (79 and 102 °C, respectively) are consistent with the temperatures estimated from the depth of burial, which did not exceed 5 km, in good agreement with the stability of the smectite-illite-kaolinite assemblage found in marls. In addition, the kaolinite proportion significantly decreases with depth in the series, as a potential consequence of climate changes and diagenetic transformations, whereas the increasing dispersion of illite crystallinity data might indicate fluid-mineral interactions. We propose a synthetic model of fluid circulation in the folded series that involves the mixing of mainly-horizontal fluid circulation (potentially meteoric) with an upward flow of high-salinity fluid throughout the deepest formations (potentially related to underlying evaporite-rich layers). The northward deformational gradient, as exposed along the French Basque coast, is likely to be responsible for such a vertical circulation, by increasing the volume of fracture (particularly cross-cutting fractures) in the deeply buried formations.

Tilhac, Romain; Guillaume, Damien; Odonne, Francis

2013-11-01

152

JEAN GOTTMANN'S ATLANTIC \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses Gottmann's spatial model in relation to his complex biography which took place during some of the great historical changes of the 20 th century. In particular, it relates the concept of Megalopolis to his theoretical writings in political geography. The development of the latter ones could not be fully understood without reference to his \\

LUCA MUSCARÀ

153

Just Jeans or More.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers suggestions for home economics teachers to incorporate clothing selection in the home economics classroom, to help students establish personal values related to appropriate dress, to plan clothing purchases, and to learn about merchandise. (MF)

Mead, Marjorie

1979-01-01

154

The female colonizer and othered woman in Isak Dinesen's Out of Africa, Jean Rhys's Wide Sargasso Sea, Tayeb Salih's Season of migration to the north, and Paule Marshall's The chosen place, the timeless people  

Microsoft Academic Search

The central issue of this thesis is the complicated relationship between the colonized individual and the constitutive as well as emblematic female colonizer in Isak Dinesen's Out of Africa, Jean Rhys's Wide Sargasso Sea, Tayeb Salih's Season of Migration to the North, and Paule Marshall's The Chosen Place, The Timeless People. Each of these novels displays colonization by a female

Lindsay L Sloan

2010-01-01

155

"He sees the development of children's concepts upon a background of sociology": Jean Piaget's honorary degree at Harvard University in 1936.  

PubMed

In the recent memory, Jean Piaget has been known as a cognitive developmental psychologist. But in 1936 when Harvard gave him his first honorary degree, he was recognized mainly as a sociologist. Why did Harvard honor him in 1936? Who knew his work well enough to nominate him? This article will address these questions by exploring archival documents from different sources. Evidence draws our attention to a broad social and intellectual endeavor in philanthropy, other social sciences, and especially industrial research that brought Piaget across the water. This article also attempts to interpret the circumstances of the nomination process inside and outside of Harvard University by using a theory of institutional design. It suggests that embodied in Harvard's honor of Piaget in 1936 was an idealistic act in social designing for a future society. PMID:15022668

Hsueh, Yeh

2004-02-01

156

Lifting the Dusty Veil with Near- and Mid-infrared Photometry. I. Description and Applications of the Rayleigh-Jeans Color Excess Method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Milky Way (MW) remains a primary laboratory for understanding the structure and evolution of spiral galaxies, but typically we are denied clear views of MW stellar populations at low Galactic latitudes because of extinction by interstellar dust. However, the combination of Two Micron All-Sky Survey (2MASS) near-infrared (NIR) and Spitzer-IRAC mid-infrared (MIR) photometry enables a powerful method for determining the line-of-sight reddening to any star: the sampled wavelengths lie in the Rayleigh-Jeans part of the spectral energy distribution of most stars, where, to first order, all stars have essentially the same intrinsic color. Thus, changes in stellar NIR-MIR colors due to interstellar reddening are readily apparent, and (under an assumed extinction law) the observed colors and magnitudes of stars can be easily and accurately restored to their intrinsic values, greatly increasing their usefulness for Galactic structure studies. In this paper, we explore this "Rayleigh-Jeans Color Excess" (RJCE) method and demonstrate that use of even a simple variant of the RJCE method based on a single reference color, (H -[4.5?]), can rather accurately remove dust effects from previously uninterpretable 2MASS color-magnitude diagrams of stars in fields along the heavily reddened Galactic midplane, with results far superior to those derived from application of other dereddening methods. We also show that "total" Galactic midplane extinction looks rather different from that predicted using 100? emission maps from the IRAS/ISSA and COBE/DIRBE instruments as presented by Schlegel et al. Instead, the Galactic midplane extinction strongly resembles the distribution of 13CO (J = 1?0) emission. Future papers will focus on refining the RJCE method and applying the technique to understand better not only dust and its distribution but also the distribution of stars intermixed with the dust in the low-latitude Galaxy.

Majewski, Steven R.; Zasowski, Gail; Nidever, David L.

2011-09-01

157

Trinomial Formula, Pascal- and Sierpinski-Pyramid  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stimulated by a picture of a Sierpinski-pyramid and an article by Stewart, students were asked about a connection between this pyramid and the well-known trinomial formula. The results of all the work done with students are presented in this note. (Contains 8 figures.)

Zeitler, H.

2002-01-01

158

Pascal's Wager: Betting on the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an interview with David Schejbal, the chair of the 2012 UPCEA Annual Conference, about environmentalism and the role of continuing education. In this interview, Schejbal shares why he suggested the theme of sustainability for the annual conference. He says it is because all of them in the conference are continuing…

Schejbal, David

2012-01-01

159

For Sequential Sampling: Pascal (Negative Binomial) Probabilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For a situation in which independent binomial events are randomly sampled in sequence, this page will calculate (a) the probability that you will end up with exactly k instances of the outcome in question, with the final (kth) instance occurring on trial N; and (b) the probability that you will have to sample at least N events before finding the kth instance of the outcome.

Lowry, Richard, 1940-

2008-06-27

160

Problem Solving, Patterns, Probability, Pascal, and Palindromes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a problem-solving activity, the birth order problem, and several solution-seeking strategies. Includes responses of current and prospective teachers and a comparison of various strategies. (YDS)

Hylton-Lindsay, Althea Antoinette

2003-01-01

161

Man in the Mode of Not-Being. An Ontological Study of Human Freedom in the Philosophy of Jean-Paul Sartre Developed from the Ontological Analysis of Conciousness as the Origin of the Negation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The subject of this thesis is Jean-Paul Sartre's philosophy of freedom. This involves an examination of Sartre's ontological description of the being of the world, the being-in-itself, and the being of men, the being-for-itself. Sartre's description reveals man, a conscious being, as the origin of negation. The nihilating characteristic of man' consciousness enables him to freely project ends of action

William Robert Miller Elderkin

1965-01-01

162

Who was first to diagnose and report neuropathic arthropathy of the foot and ankle: Jean-Martin Charcot or Herbert William Page?  

PubMed

In November 1883, Jean-Martin Charcot and Charles Féré reported on bone and joint disease of the foot in cases of tabes dorsalis, and referred to the condition as 'pied tabétique'--a disabling neuropathic osteoarthropathy that we usually now refer to as the Charcot foot. Charcot had originally described neuropathic osteoarthropathy in more proximal joints in 1868, and in his 1883 paper with Féré stated that involvement of the short bones and small joints of the foot had not yet been described. They emphasised in the paper that one of their cases was the first ever observed, two years earlier, in 1881. It is relevant, however, that it was in this same year that involvement of the foot by tabetic arthropathy was presented to the International Medical Congress in London by an English surgeon, Herbert William Page. We believe that Page was the first to diagnose and to report a case of tabetic neuropathic osteoarthropathy in which the bones of the foot and ankle were involved. He was also the first to propose a link between the tabetic foot and disease of the peripheral nerves, as opposed to the central nervous system. PMID:23765185

Sanders, Lee J; Edmonds, Michael E; Jeffcoate, William J

2013-09-01

163

"Advice to the medical students in my service": the rediscovery of a golden book by Jean Hamburger, father of nephrology and of medical humanities  

PubMed Central

Jean Hamburger (1909–1992) is considered the founder of the concept of medical intensive care (réanimation médicale) and the first to propose the name Nephrology for the branch of medicine dealing with kidney diseases. One of the first kidney grafts in the world (with short-term success), in 1953, and the first dialysis session in France, in 1955, were performed under his guidance. His achievements as a writer were at least comparable: Hamburger was awarded several important literary prizes, including prix Femina, prix Balzac and the Cino del Duca prize (1979), awarded, among others, to Jorge Luis Borges and Konrad Lorenz. Here we would like to offer a selected reading of a “golden” book, “Conseils aux étudiants en medicine de mon service” (“Advice to the Medical Students in my Service”), the first book dedicated to patient-physician relationship in Nephrology, written when dialysis and transplantation were becoming clinical options (1963). The themes include: the central role of the patient, who should be known by name, profession, life style, and not by disease; the importance of the setting of the care; the need for truth-telling and for leaving hope; the role of research not only in the progression of science, but also in the daily clinical practice.

2013-01-01

164

In memoriam: Jean Blancou, DVM, 1936-2010. World authority on rabies, historian and former Director General of the World Organisation for Animal Health (Office International des Épizooties: OIE).  

PubMed

Jean-Marie Blancou was born in Bangui on 28 August 1936 and passed away in Paris on 10 November 2010 at the age of 74. After studying at the Pierre de Fermat Lycée in Toulouse, Jean Blancou graduated from the Toulouse Veterinary School in 1960. He continued his studies in tropical veterinary medicine in Paris until 1963, extending his knowledge of immunology, microbiology, biochemistry and zoology, at the Institut Pasteur. He obtained his doctorate in biological sciences at the University of Nancy in 1982. Jean Blancou commenced his career as technical adviser to the Veterinary Services of Ethiopia where he directed a campaign against rinderpest in the south of the county. From 1965 to 1967 he was deputy director of the national veterinary laboratory in Niamey where he was responsible for the diagnosis of animal diseases and the production of veterinary vaccines. In 1967, he moved to the central livestock laboratory in Madagascar, where he commenced research on the diagnosis and control of dermatophilosis, bovine tuberculosis and other bacterial and parasitic diseases. In August 1968 he married Geneviève Orue. In 1975 he was appointed as head of the national veterinary laboratory in Senegal, where he remained until 1977. Initially deputy director, and then director of Research on rabies and wildlife diseases, at the World Health Organization collaborating centre in Nancy, he remained in this position until 1990. Jean Blancou was recognised as a world authority on rabies. He conducted research into the diagnosis, aetiology, epidemiology and control of rabies during his time in Nancy. Between 1988 and 1990, Dr Blancou also headed the animal health and protection department of the Centre national d'études vétérinaires et animales (CNEVA) in Maisons-Alfort. On 1 January 1991, he was appointed director general of the World Organisation for Animal Health (Office International des Épizooties: OIE) and was re-elected in 1995 for a further five-year term, until he retired in 2000. He attached great importance to the value of scientific publication and to the ethics involved in producing scientific literature. He had a very strong interest in the historical aspects of animal diseases and, in 2003, published a valuable book entitled History of the surveillance and control of transmissible animal diseases. He would always ensure that the most interesting and appropriate historic illustrations, irrespective of how difficult they were to obtain, were selected for the papers he published. Among some of the activities Jean Blancou undertook during his retirement was the mammoth task of co-editing Infectious and parasitic diseases of livestock in French and English. Dr Blancou authored over 370 scientific publications devoted to animal diseases, to the production and control of biologicals and, of course, many authoritative articles on rabies and vaccinology. He was always generous with the scientific knowledge he possessed and never missed an opportunity to assist colleagues in the preparation or correction of manuscripts that they wished to submit to peer-reviewed journals. He was gentle in nature and always softly spoken. As one of his colleagues wrote: 'we have lost a most gentle, thoughtful and kind man and the world has lost one of its stellar veterinarians'. Despite his busy and brilliant career, Jean Blancou was a family man and devoted to the education of his children. During his illness, he showed great courage. The Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell'Abruzzo e del Molise 'G. Caporale' has been privileged to benefit from the expert knowledge and experience that Dr Blancou so generously provided in his capacity as Member of the Scientific Advisory Board of Veterinaria Italiana. Jean Blancou is survived by his wife, Geneviève, his children and grandchildren. PMID:21240856

2011-01-01

165

Reduction of forecast uncertainty in the context of hydropower production: a case study for two catchment in Lac-St-Jean, Canada  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research focuses on the improvement of streamflow forecasts for two subcatchments in the Lac-St-Jean area, a northern part of the province of Quebec in Canada. Those two subcatchments, named Manouane and Passes-Dangereuses, are part of a bigger system, which comprises many reservoirs and six hydropower plants. This system is managed by Rio Tinto Alcan, an aluminium producer who needs this energy for its processes. Optimal management of the hydropower plants highly depends on the reliability of the inflow forecasts to the reservoirs and also on the reliability of observed streamflow. The latter are not directly measured, but rather deduced from the computation of a water balance. This water balance includes streamflow computation based on rating curves for river sections and upstream reservoirs and a modelling process using CEQUEAU hydrological model (Morin et al., 1981). In addition, mostly during the winter, the model has to account for a transfer of water from Lac Manouane reservoir to Passes-Dangereuses through Bonnard channel. Winter flow though Bonnard channel is controlled by a spillway, and represented in CEQUEAU by a transfer function and a fixed time delay (2 days). However, it is suspected that the evacuation function, as it is currently computed, is inaccurate. The main objective of this work is to reduce predictive uncertainty for Lac Manouane and Passes-Dangereuses catchment, for the one-day ahead horizon. This objective is twofold. First, the uncertainty related to the parameterization of the hydrological model had never been evaluated. It was to be investigated whether it is better to spatialize the calibration of the hydrological model. In its actual form, the calibration of the hydrological model CEQUEAU (Morin et al., 1981) is based exclusively on the downstream outflow. There is, however, intermediate streamflow measurements data available for an intermediate location. Our study shows that calibrating the model using streamflows for both locations (intermediate location and downstream) leads to improved forecasts, as measured by the Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency criterion. The parameter sets thus determined best represent the phenomena of exchange and runoff in the watershed. Second, this study aims at reducing the uncertainty associated to the evacuation function for the Bonnard channel as well as the time delay related to this transfer. Instead of using a fixed 2-day time delay for the transfer, it was attempted to represent the channel in the hydrological model CEQUEAU and compute the time delay from this model. The results show that hydrological modelling does not improve the results and that the 2-day time delay is adequate, especially for first days of opening and few days after closure of the gate. In addition, this research shows that the evacuation function of Bonnard spillway is inexact for large streamflows. It is considered the main source of uncertainty for the prediction of inflows to the reservoirs. We also show that the evacuated streamflows can be successfully corrected by hydrological modelling. This case study shows that a careful revision of the inflow forecasting process for those important watersheds can help reduce predictive uncertainty. Although the application is specific to the Lac-St-Jean area, we believe that our experience could serve other users and water managers with similar issues regarding inflow uncertainty. Reference Morin, G., J.-P. Fortin, J.-P. Lardeau, W. Sochanska and S. Paquette. 1981. Modèle CEQUEAU : Manuel d'utilisation. Rapport de recherche no R-93, INRS-Eau, Sainte-Foy

Brisson, Cathy; Boucher, Marie-Amélie; Latraverse, Marco

2014-05-01

166

Fish and Aquatic Invertebrate Communities in Waterways, and Contaminants in Fish, at the Barataria Preserve of Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve, Louisiana, 1999-2000  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Fish and aquatic invertebrate communities in waterways of the Barataria Preserve of Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve, Louisiana, were surveyed from 1999 to 2000. An inventory of fish in the Barataria Preserve was established, and concentrations of selected organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, and trace elements; iron; and manganese in fish tissue for selected species were determined. The fish and aquatic invertebrate sampling completed for this study indicated that abundant and diverse communities are present in the Barataria Preserve. Thirty-two species of fish were identified in the Barataria Preserve during this survey. The total number of species identified in a single sampling ranged from 20 to 26. Most of the fish sampled are designated as intermediate in their tolerance to poor water quality. Three species of fish designated as tolerant (common carp, Cyprinus carpio; golden shiner, Notemigonus crysoleucas; and yellow bullhead, Ameiurus natalis), and one as intolerant (lake chubsucker, Erymizon sucetta), were identified. In November 1999, the average total weight of all fish collected by boat-mounted electroshocker from a single site was about 35,000 grams; in May and July 1999, the average total weight was between 9,000 and 10,000 grams. The contribution of spotted gar (Lepisosteus oculatus) to the total weight of the fish averaged between 38 and 41 percent among the three sample periods. Members of the sunfish family (Centrarchidae) contributed between 18 and 28 percent of the total weight. For each sampling period, 60 to 83 percent of the total weight from the sunfish family was contributed by bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) and largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides). Aquatic invertebrates were sampled at three sites. Most aquatic invertebrates identified were freshwater species, but some were brackish-water and marine species. About 234,000 organisms were identified and enumerated from the richest-targeted habitat (RTH, floating rafts of aquatic plants). Individuals from 84 genera belonging to 51 families were identified. Diptera (true flies) was the most diverse group. Malacostraca (crustaceans), especially Amphipoda (scuds and sideswimmers), were the most abundant (36 percent). Total abundance and taxa richness of aquatic invertebrates were comparable during the March and July sampling in 1999, but were lower in samples collected from the same habitat at all three sites in April 2000. About 106 individuals were identified and enumerated from the depositional-targeted habitat (DTH, bottom material). Individuals from 7 genera belonging to 9 families were identified. Diptera was the most diverse group, and Annelida, especially tubificid worms, were the most abundant organisms identified (52 percent). Total abundance and composition of aquatic invertebrate communities differed between RTH and DTH at all three sites in April 2000. Organic compounds in whole fish, and trace elements, iron, and manganese in fillets, were analyzed in bowfin (Amia calva), bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus), largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides), and common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Organic compounds were not detected. Mercury was detected in fillets of all four species. Highest concentrations of mercury were detected in fillets from bowfin and largemouth bass. Mercury concentrations increased with increasing weight in the three predatory fish species (bowfin, bluegill, and largemouth bass), but were much lower, relative to weight, in the omnivore, common carp. Chromium concentrations were detected in tissue of the two larger fish, bowfin and common carp. Cadmium and lead were not detected in any samples. Mercury concentrations for larger predatory fish caught in Preserve waterways may be a concern if the fish are frequently consumed by humans. The process of mercury accumulation appears to be natural, and not related to a local source problem. Mercury concentrations in comparable fish tissue at

Swarzenski, Christopher M.; Mize, Scott V.; Thompson, Bruce A.; Peterson, Gary W.

2004-01-01

167

A selective history of hernia surgery in the late eighteenth century: the treatises of Percivall Pott, Jean Louis Petit, D. August Gottlieb Richter, Don Antonio de Gimbernat, and Pieter Camper.  

PubMed

Of the different eras in the evolution of hernia surgery one of the most intriguing is the late eighteenth century, when surgeon/anatomists first began to publish their studies of the abdominal wall and the inguinal and femoral canals. It became known as the age of dissection, and many of the surgical successes of subsequent periods can be traced back to the anatomical knowledge gained from 1750 to 1800. These fifty years also served as the all-important transition era from text-only hernia treatises to lavishly illustrated monographs. The works of Percivall Pott, Jean Louis Petit, D. August Gottlieb Richter, Don Antonio de Gimbernat, and Pieter Camper were among the most influential hernia-related tomes of this time. Biographies of these five surgeons and extracts from their writings are presented in this article. PMID:14533901

Rutkow, Ira M

2003-10-01

168

Computer Network Topology Design in Limelight of Pascal Graph Property  

Microsoft Academic Search

Constantly growing demands of high productivity and security of computer\\u000asystems and computer networks call the interest of specialists in the\\u000aenvironment of construction of optimum topologies of computer mediums. In\\u000aearliest phases of design, the study of the topological influence of the\\u000aprocesses that happen in computer systems and computer networks allows to\\u000aobtain useful information which possesses a

Sanjay Kumar Pal; Samar Sen Sarma

2010-01-01

169

Plato, Pascal, and the Dynamics of Personal Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational practices are to be based on proven scientific knowledge, not least because the function science has to perform in human culture consists of unifying practical skills and general beliefs, the episteme and the techne (Amsterdamski, 1975, pp. 43-44). Now, modern societies first of all presuppose regular and standardized ways of…

Otte, Michael Friedrich; Campos, Tania M. M.; Abido, Alexandre S.

2013-01-01

170

The Pascal-Fermat Correspondence: How Mathematics Is Really Done  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mathematics that students see in their textbooks is highly polished. The steps required to solve a problem are all clearly laid out. Thus, students are denied what could be a valuable learning experience. Often when students meet a problem that differs only slightly from the ones in the book, they are unable to proceed and afraid to "play…

Devlin, Keith

2010-01-01

171

PASCALE AEBISCHER, SHAKESPEARE'S VIOLATED BODIES: STAGE AND SCREEN PERFORMANCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Looking at Shakespeare's violated bodies in performance — at representations of the rape, mutilation and murder of silenced Lavinia, the walking dead that people the court of Elsinore, the racially stigmatised bodies of Aaron and Othello, the stifled voice of Desdemona and the vilified and displaced female bodies that make way for the all overwhelming suffering of Lear and Gloucester

REBECCA DE HAAS

172

Lifting the Dusty Veil with Near- and Mid-infrared Photometry. III. Two-dimensional Extinction Maps of the Galactic Midplane Using the Rayleigh-Jeans Color Excess Method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We provide new, high-resolution A(Ks ) extinction maps of the heavily reddened Galactic midplane based on the Rayleigh-Jeans Color Excess ("RJCE") method. RJCE determines star-by-star reddening based on a combination of near- and mid-infrared photometry. The new RJCE-generated maps have 2' × 2' pixels and span some of the most severely extinguished regions of the Galaxy—those covered with Spitzer/IRAC imaging by the GLIMPSE-I, -II, -3D, and Vela-Carina surveys, from 256° < l < 65° and, in general, for |b| <= 1°-1fdg5 (extending up to |b| <= 4° in the bulge). Using RJCE extinction measurements, we generate dereddened color-magnitude diagrams and, in turn, create maps based on main sequence, red clump, and red giant star tracers, each probing different distances and thereby providing coarse three-dimensional information on the relative placement of dust cloud structures. The maps generated from red giant stars, which reach to ~18-20 kpc, probe beyond most of the Milky Way extinction in most directions and provide close to a "total Galactic extinction" map—at minimum they provide high angular resolution maps of lower limits on A(Ks ). Because these maps are generated directly from measurements of reddening by the very dust being mapped, rather than inferred on the basis of some less direct means, they are likely the most accurate to date for charting in detail the highly patchy differential extinction in the Galactic midplane. We provide downloadable FITS files and an IDL tool for retrieving extinction values for any line of sight within our mapped regions.

Nidever, David L.; Zasowski, Gail; Majewski, Steven R.

2012-08-01

173

Towards Re-Reading Jean Piaget. Commentary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instead of limiting himself to postulating two discontinuous types of thought, autistic and logical, Piaget studied transitional forms, thereby placing autistic and logical thought on a developmental continuum. Nevertheless, the discovery of transitional forms did not lessen the opposition between the two extremes of autistic and logical thought.…

Vidal, Fernando

1997-01-01

174

Un cosmologiste oublié: Jean Henri Lambert  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Si les travaux de Kepler ont eu une large influence sure les progrès réalisés en astronomie au cours du 17e siècle, le Siècle de lumières a vu apparaître de nouvelles conceptions. La court vie de J.H. lambert s'inscrit dans le 18e siècle. Il s'agit d'un nom bien connu dans différents domaines (photométrie, projections cartographiques, mathématiques appliquées, etc.); mais il n'est guàre mentionné en cosmologie, alors que Lambert y a fourni une contribution originale offrant quelques suprenantes anticipations...

Débarbat, Suzanne; Lévy, Jacques

175

Jean-Pierre Luminet: Renaissance Communicator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As science communicators dealing with astronomy we often find a strong interest amongst the public in astrology - how the stars and planets directly affect our individual lives. Nowadays astrology is at odds with the scientific nature of astronomy, but this has not always been the case. Presented here is a background to astrology, to give a deeper understanding of where it has come from and why it has such an enduring place in all forms of global media.

Pullen, L.; Russo, P.

2009-02-01

176

[The tourniquet of Jean-Louis Petit].  

PubMed

In the early part of the 18th century the mechanization of Petit's tourniquet is one of the most outstanding medical inventions. During more than a century that tool without any noticeable change was in the surgical boxes in all countries. As the mechanic Peron has been intensely working to handcraft the device with the utmost urgency Petit's tourniquet could have become that of Petit and Peron. PMID:24908791

Renner, Claude

2014-01-01

177

Morin, Jean-Baptiste (1583-1656)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Doctor, alchemist and astrologer, born in Villefranche, Beaujolais, France, became professor of mathematics at the Collège Royal, published a defense of ARISTOTLE, attacked GALILEO, being convinced that the Earth was fixed in space. Morin proposed an impractical method to solve the longitude problem, based on measuring absolute time by the position of the Moon. He put the method in for a pri...

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

178

A Pascal Program for Determining Slip-Vector Orientations on Fault Planes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are the background theory, program procedures, output display, and applications for this program which is designed to calculate the slip vector and the stress to normal stress ratio on an arbitrarily oriented fault plane. Program availability is discussed. Twelve references are listed. (CW)

Schimmrich, Steven Henry

1990-01-01

179

Jean-Jacques Rousseau's views on adult education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although Rousseau describes in Émile only his scheme for childhood education, he presents us in this work with some direct statements which can be applied to explain more fully the nature of adult education. The author surveys Rousseau's ideas on the role of the general will in adult educational philosophy, subject matter, methodology and negative education, as well as the relationships between the family, student, teacher, community and the state. He concludes that the modern Rousseau would not limit education to males and would recognize that the four Rousseauian periods of educational development — infancy, childhood, youngster, adolescence — is followed by a fifth: adulthood. Adult education is the logical continuation of the four previous phases. Throughout each phase education must permit intellectual and moral growth and always allow for creativity and diversity. Only then can adults become positive contributors to their society.

Dame, Frederick William

1996-01-01

180

Jean Monnet Working Papers in Comparative and International Politics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The model elaborated by Collier and Hoeffler (CH) unearthed the correlation between a country's propensity to experience civil war and its dependence on the export of primary commodities. An increasing number of scholars questioned its assumptions, outcomes and theoretical explanations, and recently focused on the possible mechanisms that provide the link between natural resources and civil war, including also economic

Manuela TRAVAGLIANTI

181

Improving the Geologic Time Scale (Jean Baptiste Lamarck Medal Lecture)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Geologic Time Scale (GTS) provides the framework for the physical, chemical and biological processes on Earth. The time scale is the tool "par excellence" of the geological trade, and insight in its construction, strength, and limitations enhances its function and its utility. Earth scientists should understand how time scales are constructed and its myriad of physical and abstract data are calibrated, rather than merely using ages plucked from a convenient chart or card. Calibration to linear time of the succession of events recorded in the rocks on Earth has three components: (1) the standard stratigraphic divisions and their correlation in the global rock record, (2) the means of measuring linear time or elapsed durations from the rock record, and (3) the methods of effectively joining the two scales, the stratigraphic one and the linear one. Under the auspices of the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS), the international stratigraphic divisions and their correlative events are now largely standardized, especially using the GSSP (Global Stratigraphic Section and Point) concept. The means of measuring linear time or elapsed durations from the rock record are objectives in the EARTH TIME and GTS NEXT projects, that also are educating a new generation of GTS dedicated scientists. The U/Pb, Ar/Ar and orbital tuning methods are intercalibrated, and external error analysis improved. Existing Ar/Ar ages become almost 0.5% older, and U/Pb ages stratigraphically more realistic. The new Os/Re method has potential for directly dating more GSSP's and its correlative events. Such may reduce scaling uncertainty between the sedimentary levels of an age date and that of a stage boundary. Since 1981, six successive Phanerozoic GTS have been published, each new one achieving higher resolution and more users. The next GTS is scheduled for 2011/2012, with over 50 specialists taking part. New chapters include an expanded planetary time scale, sequence stratigraphy, Osmium, Carbon and Oxygen stratigraphy, the Cryogenian period, history of the plants, hominid prehistory, and last but not least the Anthropocene. The Cambrian Period is radically improved with 10 standard stages and detailed trilobite biochronology. Ordovician now has a stable international stages and graptolites scale. The integration of a refined 100 and 400 ka sedimentary cycles scale and a truly high-resolution U/Pb ages scale for the Mississippian is a major step towards the global Carboniferous GTS. The Devonian GTS leaves to be desired with lack of firm definitions for its upper boundary, and the long Emsian stage; it also lacks age dates. Its stages scaling is disputed. The Rhaetian and Norian stages in the Triassic and the Berriasian stage in the Cretaceous urgently require lower boundary definitions, and also boundary age dates. The single ~400 ka eccentricity component is very stable and can extend orbital tuning from the Cenozoic well into the Mesozoic portion of the GTS. Jurassic and Cretaceous now have long orbitally tuned segments. A completely astronomical-tuned Geological Time Scale (AGTS) for the Cenozoic is within reach showing unprecedented accuracy, precision and resolution. Burdigalian in the Miocene, and Lutetian, Bartonian and Priabonian stages in the Eocene still require formal definition. The K/T boundary will become about 0.5 ± 0.1 Ma older. After 25 years of research and authorship in the GTS it behoves me to especially thank my colleagues James Ogg, Frits Agterberg, John McArthur and Roger Cooper for longstanding collaboration. As a final note I urge construction of more regional time scales(like developed ‘down under') calibrated to the standard global GTS, to scale regional rock units.

Gradstein, Felix M.

2010-05-01

182

Jean-Francois Lyotard and the Question of Disciplinary Legitimacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The modern university developed as an institution legitimated by external referents, including national culture and its emancipatory potential. Today's university, however, has been largely destabilized as these referents have become, at the very least, significantly less compelling relative to larger concerns about economic competitiveness and,…

Gietzen, Garett

2010-01-01

183

Jean Piaget's Theory of Equilibration Applied to Language Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper suggests that language study focus its attention more on the pedagogical needs of educators by offering them a more comprehensive dialectical and unifying theory of language development that could then present the process as a holistic endeavor instead of as a set of separate linguistic acquisitions. Specifically, it suggests the use…

Chavez, Luisa C.

184

Jean Piaget's Theory of Equilibration Applied to Dual Language Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper suggests that one possibility for the lack of study emphasis and unity of understanding in the area of dual language development is that language study in general shows some serious gaps and reveals a need for viewing language development as a holistic endeavor. Noting the failures of Skinnerian theory, Chomskian theory, Soviet…

Chavez, Luisa C.

185

Jean piaget and george kelly: Toward a stronger constructivism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among constructivist metatheoretical approaches, a strong version is defined as that which reveals reality to be actively and subjectively constructed rather than passively incorporated as objective environmental or innate “facts” by the subject. Given this definition, however, ambiguities arise concerning the potential and limits of construct integration over the course of development. Piaget's stronger constructivist model is offered as a

Joshua Soffer

1993-01-01

186

Jean-Martin Charcot and the epilepsy/hysteria relationship.  

PubMed

Research from many perspectives has been made on the work of the French neurologist, J.-M. Charcot (1825-1893) with particular reference to his fame for his studies and "construction" of hysteria. What has not been demonstrated so far is the extent to which Charcot's construction can be explained by the perceived relationship between hysteria and epilepsy and Charcot's access to epileptic patients at La Salpêtrière. From the confusion that reigned concerning hysteria and epilepsy, both separately and in relation to each other, Charcot claimed to have isolated hysteria as a distinctive and universal pathology. This claim was partly based on the "grande attaque", representing the most intense degree of hysteria. A comparison with Gowers, the contemporary English neurologist suggests that diagnosis was the function of the practitioners' preferences; and a linguistic analysis pinpoints Charcot's problems in describing an isolated pathology in terms of its relation to its neighbour, epilepsy. PMID:11619864

Faber, D P

1997-12-01

187

Associations of student characteristics to measures of introductory Pascal computer programming achievement for suburban community college students (abstract only)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study was the construction and testing of student characteristic models for predicting the performance of 162 students on several dependent measures of computer programming achievement under generic setting and treatment conditions. The dependent measures were tests for program reading and writing, lab problems, composite performance and relative course success categories. Student characteristics were measured within the

Henry Stewart Austin

1987-01-01

188

Jean-Jacques Is Alive and Well: Rousseau and Contemporary Sociobiology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A description of the author's personal fascination with and study of Rousseau's life. Discusses Rousseau's many questions that are relevant to evolutionary biology, sociobiology, anthropology, and ethology. Questions concern the nature of human nature, the origin of human society, nurture-nature influences on humans, and the nature of male-female…

Masters, Roger D.

1978-01-01

189

NCI-CCR Pediatric Oncology Branch - Pediatric Psycho-Oncology Professionals Profile Listings – Jean Donnelly  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Main Content CCR Home | About CCR | CCR Intranet Main Navigation Home Profiles Research Newsworthy References Special Interest Groups Training Main Links Psycho-Oncology Home Profiles Research Publications Newsworthy/Resources References Special

190

ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH BRIEF: WASTE MINIMIZATION FOR A MANUFACTURER OF PRE-WASHED JEANS  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has funded a pilot project to assist small and medium-size manufacturers who want to minimize their generation of waste but who lack the expertise to do so. n an effort to assist these manufacturers Waste Minimization Assessment Cent...

191

The long way of planktonic Foraminifera from biostratigraphy to paleoceanography (Jean Baptiste Lamarck Medal Lecture)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The mid of the last century was a time of flourishing studies concerning the importance of planktonic foraminifera in precisely dating and correlating sedimentary successions after the publication of the first biostratigraphic schemes provided by the Suisse Group (i.e. Kugler, Bolli, Broennimann) from the Caribbean region and former Southern USSR (Subbotina). Soon after Bolli's Trinidad scheme was widespread, planktonic foraminiferal distribution from Upper Cretaceous to Miocene was investigated intensively for dating the Neogene stratotypes, whose identifications were mainly based on poorly age-diagnostic, facies-controlled macrofossils, and for calibrating Paleogene larger foraminiferal distributions. Since these early works planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy was continously ameliorated, extended in time from Early Cretaceous to Recent by several authors and from different settings and domains, reaching progressively the current higher resolution, now calibrated to calcareous nannofossil distributions. To be mentioned, the detailed biostratigraphic studies on the Gubbio section (central Italy) provided (1) the first carefull documentation of the mass extinction of Cretaceous planktonic foraminifera, the presence of tiny Cretaceous survivors, and the rapid recovery of Danian assemblages, and (2) the first calibration of the Upper Cretaceous to Eocene reversal polarity scale in which the K/Pg boundary was demonstrated to fall within the magnetic reversal C29r. A major step forward was the recovery, since 1968, of several thousand of cores from over 1000 holes drilled in all oceans by the DSDP, ODP and IODP projects. The recovery of deep-sea sediments from all latitudes opened a new research field, the paleoceanography. Based on the large knowledge acquired on modern organisms in the '60s, for the Paleogene and Cretaceous reconstructions we started from the assumption that these extinct organisms lived in the water column like their modern counterpart and were controlled by similar environmental factors (temperature, nutrient supply, current system, etc.), then the fluctuations in abundance and composition of planktonic foraminiferal assemblages could be interpreted in term of paleobiogeography and paleoceanography. The first studies, rigorously quantitative, have been conducted in the '70s on the Paleogene of the Atlantic Ocean, the interval with the best latitudinal coverage at that time. From the areal distribution and variations in assemblage composition through time we (with A. Boersma) were able to identify first the biogeographic indices, then their paleoclimatic significances, from which we could reconstruct the paleoclimatic and paleoceanographic evolution. The associated isotope analyses (with N. Shackleton) on single species allowed to confirm the species latitudinal connotations as well as their position within the water column (mixed layer vs deep dwelling habitats) and preferences for nutrient supply. In the '90s we (with W.V. Sliter) extended the paleoceanographic reconstructions to the Cretaceous exploring the planktonic foraminiferal evolutionary patterns and latitudinal changes in assemblage composition through time. Like in the Paleogene, it was possibile to identify that the more ornamented keeled forms were very sensitive to temperature, liked warm waters and were more abundant in the tropics, the simpler morphologies were less sensitive, more tolerant and cosmopolitan, while, for instance, whiteinellids proliferated in upwelling regions. In the last decade, taking advantage of the wealth of paleoecological and biogeographical data previously collected, we started a new phase of deep taxonomical and stratigraphical revision of planktonic foraminifera. Increased biostratigraphic resolution from tropics to high latitudes is facilitated by the integration with other fossil group biostratigraphies and magneto-, isotope-stratigraphies.

Premoli Silva, Isabella

2014-05-01

192

Jean Améry's Concept of Resentment at the Crossroads of Ethics and Politics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The questions of forgiveness and political justice have recently become intertwined with the “transitional justice” project, the aim of which is the coming to terms with past human rights violations. This article demonstrates that “transitional justice” is less concerned with providing justice than with achieving historical closure, moral redemption, and a “new beginning.” It proposes that justice requires a profound

Magdalena Zolkos

2007-01-01

193

Lillian Jean Kaplan International Prize for Advancement in the Understanding of Polycystic Kidney Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding polycystic kidney disease: A systems biology approach.Fluid secretion was discovered in the mammalian nephron in the early 1970s upon a chance observation. This finding aroused interest in the possibility that a similar process might be involved in the filling of renal epithelial cysts. A research strategy was formulated to understand the life cycle of human renal cysts using a

Jared J. Grantham

2003-01-01

194

Algorithms and programming tools for image processing on the MPP  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Topics addressed include: data mapping and rotational algorithms for the Massively Parallel Processor (MPP); Parallel Pascal language; documentation for the Parallel Pascal Development system; and a description of the Parallel Pascal language used on the MPP.

Reeves, A. P.

1985-01-01

195

Le Sea-Beam, Sondeur a Faisceaux Multiples du Navire Oceanographique 'Jean-Charcot' (The Sea-Beam: A Multi-Beam Echo-Sounder Installed on the Oceanographic Ship 'Jean Charcot').  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The main characteristics as well as an evaluation of the performance and potential of the system are discussed. The multiple beam echo-sounder acquires data over a swath of the sea floor over which the ship is sailing. In depths of 4000 m, the width of th...

J. P. Allenou V. Renard

1978-01-01

196

The quest for discovery of planetary radiation belts: From Explorer 1 to MESSENGER (Jean Dominique Cassini Medal Lecture)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

May 1, 1958 was an exciting time in the Great Hall of the US National Academy of Sciences. An announcement was made that the Earth possessed radiation belts at high altitudes with intensities thousands of times greater than those of galactic cosmic rays (GCR) that were known to penetrate the atmosphere and produce secondaries detectable at ground level. The leading scientist at the time was James A. Van Allen, head of the Physics Department at the University of Iowa, who instrumented Explorer-1 and follow-on satellites with radiation detectors, and the press labeled the doughnut-shaped structures Van Allen Belts. Once the basic properties of what was subsequently named Earth' s Magnetosphere were established, the quest began to search for Van Allen Belts at other nearby planets, namely Venus and Mars. Mariner 2 was launched to Venus in 1962, but did not have radiation detectors, although a plasma instrument was used to firmly establish the properties of the solar wind. The Mariner 4 mission to Mars was properly instrumented and expectations were high that radiation belts were likely to be present. No planet-associated increase in radiation was measured, however, but use of scaling arguments with Earth' s magnetosphere established an upper limit to the ratio of magnetic moments of MM/ME

Krimigis, Stamatios M.

2014-05-01

197

Getting It Wrong from the Beginning: Our Progressivist Inheritance from Herbert Spencer, John Dewey, and Jean Piaget.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book sets out to prove that the progressivist tenets that have become the foundation of American education are mistaken. The author does not argue against progressivism on the basis of the usual alternatives of liberal or traditional theories of education because it is not adequately attuned to preparing students for jobs. The author sets out…

Egan, Kieran

198

Between doctrine and clinical practice: nosography and semiology in the work of Jean-Etienne-Dominique Esquirol (1772—1840)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper makes a fresh analysis of the work of the French alienist J. E. D. Esquirol. In addition to a critical study of his classification of mental diseases, it analyses his main contributions to semiology: the difference between hallucinations and illusions, etc., and it also places the psychiatric clinic into the context of the so-called anatomoclinical mentality.

Rafael Huertas

2008-01-01

199

Between doctrine and clinical practice: nosography and semiology in the work of Jean-Etienne-Dominique Esquirol (1772-1840).  

PubMed

This paper makes a fresh analysis of the work of the French alienist J. E. D. Esquirol. In addition to a critical study of his classification of mental diseases, it analyses his main contributions to semiology: the difference between hallucinations and illusions, etc., and it also places the psychiatric clinic into the context of the so-called anatomoclinical mentality. PMID:19127835

Huertas, Rafael

2008-06-01

200

Radical Hope or the Moral Imperative of Images in the Work of Susan Sontag and Jean-Luc Godard  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the films For Ever Mozart, In Praise of Love and I Salute You Sarajevo, Go- dard's images introduce radical hope to the world. I will demonstrate that this hope represents an ethical posture in the world; it is identical to goodness. Radical hope is grounded in the victim's witnessing, internalizing and remembering catas- trophe, while at the same time

Idit Alphandary

2009-01-01

201

Theoretical Modeling for the X-ray Spectroscopy of Iron-bearing MgSiO3 under High Pressure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The behaviors of iron (Fe) in MgSiO3 perovskite, including valence state, spin state, and chemical environments, at high pressures are of fundamental importance for more detailed understanding the properties of the Earth's lower mantle. The pressure induced spin transition of Fe-bearing MgO and MgSiO3 are detected often by using high-resolution K-edge X-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) [1,2,3] and confirmed by theoretical simulations. [4,5] Since the Fe K-edge XES is associated to the 3p orbital, which is far from the valence orbitals (3d and 4s), it provides no information about its coordination environments. However, the Fe L-edge XES and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) can directly present the distribution and intensity of Fe-3d character. To identify both the spin states and the coordination environments of iron-bearing MgSiO3, we systematically investigate the L-edge XAS, XES and X-ray photoelectron (XPS) spectroscopy of Fe2+- and Fe3+-bearing MgSiO3 under high pressure by using the first-principles density functional method combined with the slater-transition method. Our results show that Fe2+ and Fe3+ can be distinguished easily by taking the XPS spectra. The spin transition of Fe2+ and Fe3+ can also be clearly certified by XAS and XES. Interestingly, the broadness of L-edge XES of Fe changes depending on the iron position, meaning that its coordination environment might also be distinguishable by using high-resolution XES measurements. Research supported by the Ehime University G-COE program and KAKENHI. [1] James Badro, Guillaume Fiquet, FranÇois Guyot, Jean-Pascal Rueff, Viktor V. Struzhkin, György VankÓ, and Giulio Monaco. Science 300, 789 (2003), [2] James Badro, Jean-Pascal Rueff, György VankÓ, Giulio Monaco, Guillaume Fiquet, and FranÇois Guyot, Science 305, 383 (2004), [3] Jung-Fu Lin, Viktor V. Struzhkin, Steven D. Jacobsen, Michael Y. Hu, Paul Chow, Jennifer Kung, Haozhe Liu, Ho-kwang Mao, and Gussell J. Hemley, Nature 436, 377 (2005). [4] Taku Tsuchiya, Renata M. Wentzcovitch, Cesar R.S. da Silva, and Stefano de Gironcoli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 198501 (2006). [4] Han Hsu, Peter Blaha, Matteo Cococcioni, and Renata M. Wentzcovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 118501 (2011).

Wang, X.; Tsuchiya, T.

2012-12-01

202

[Johann Gottfried Bremser (1767-1827) as a protagonist of the cowpox vaccine].  

PubMed

Vienna was the first city on the European continent where the cowpox vaccination was applied in 1799, shortly after Jenner's (1798) publication of his encouraging results in England. Nevertheless, substantial denial and distrust was evident among doctors and patients in Europe as well, particularly in Austria. The medical doctor Johann Gottfried Bremser remains well known even today among parasitologists as a pioneer of helminthological research in Austria. He founded, in Vienna, one of the richest parasitic worm collections worldwide and published perceptive papers about helminthology. But his role as a protagonist of the cowpox vaccine has been buried in oblivion. In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, Bremser worked as a medical doctor in Vienna and was influenced by the major proponents of the vaccine in Austria, Pascal Joseph Ferro, Jean de Carro, Johann Peter Frank and others. Beyond his practical contribution as vaccinator, he excelled as a propagandist, mainly through his publications on cow pox vaccination. Bremser used his expert knowledge and sophisticated argumentation to prompt people to accept the prophylactic treatment, especially for their children. He argued for an obligatory cowpox vaccination for all. On one hand, his argumentation summarizes the contrarian opinions of that time, on the other hand the discussion shows striking analogies with the controversies of today. In a way, Bremser's commitment was a forerunner for future health policies that led to vaccination laws and ultimately to the eradication of smallpox worldwide in the second half of the 20th century. PMID:24249318

Sattmann, Helmut; Hörweg, Christoph; Stagl, Verena

2014-04-01

203

Quark Matter 2011 (QM11) Quark Matter 2011 (QM11)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

International Advisory Committee Antinori, FedericoPaic, Guy Braun-Munzinger, PeterPajares, Carlos Cifarelli, LuisaPeitzmann, Thomas Erazmus, BarbaraRedlich, Krzysztof Eskola, KariRiccati, Lodovico Gaardhøje, Jens JørgenRoland, Gunther Gale, CharlesRoy, Christelle Gelis, FrancoisSchukraft, Jürgen Giubellino, PaoloSinha, Bikash Greiner, CarstenSrivastava, Dinesh Gyulassy, MiklosStachel, Johanna Harris, JohnSteinberg, Peter Hatsuda, TetsuoStroth, Joachim Heinz, UlrichSugitate, Toru Jacak, BarbaraTserruya, Itzhak Karsch, FrithjofVelkovska, Julia Kharzeev, DimaWang, Enke Kodama, TakeshiWang, Xin, Nian Lévai, PéterWessels, Johannes Manko, VladislavXu, Nu Müller, BerndtZajc, William Ollitrault, Jean-Yves Organizing Committee Arleo, FrancoisDupieux, Pascal Bastid, NicoleFurget, Christophe Bourgeois, Marie-LaureGranier de Cassagnac, Raphael Bregant, MarcoGuernane, Rachid Carminati, FedericoHervet, Carnita Castillo, JavierKuhn, Christian Cheynis, BrigitteOlivier, Nathalie Conesa, DelValle, Zaida Connor, MichelleRenshall, Lucy Crochet, PhilippeSuire, Christophe Delagrange, HuguesTihinen, Ulla Program Committee Schutz, Yves (Chair)Baldisseri, Alberto Wiedemann, Urs (co-Chair)Safarik, Karel Aurenche, Patrick

2011-12-01

204

The Mathematics of the Fibonacci Series  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Patterns in the Fibonacci Numbers (Cycles, Factors); The Fibonacci Numbers in Pascal's Triangle (Why do the Diagonals sum to Fibonacci numbers? Another arrangement of Pascal's Triangle; Fibonacci's Rabbit Generations and Pascal's Triangle); The Fibonacci Series as a Decimal Fraction; Maths from the Fibonacci Spiral diagram; A Fibonacci Number Trick.

Forum, Math; Knott, Ron

1999-01-01

205

Problems and Teaching Strategies in ESL Composition. (If Johnny Has Problems, What about Joan, Jean, and Ywe-Han?) Language in Education: Theory and Practice, No. 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the similarities and differences between teaching composition to native speakers and to speakers of English as a second language (ESL). The concepts, strategies and conclusions are applicable to learners of any second language. Basically, the point is that the conceptual function of language, that language is self-expression,…

Raimes, Ann

206

USING DYNAMIC VARIABLES FOR ANIMATION AND SCIENTIFIC VISUALIZATION Russell Turner, Enrico Gobbetti, Jean-Francis Balaguer, Angelo Mangili, Daniel Thalmann, Nadia Magnenat Thalmann  

Microsoft Academic Search

An object-oriented design is presented for building dynamic three-dimensional applications. This design takes the form of the Fifth Dimension Toolkit consisting of a set of interrelated classes whose instances may be connected together in a variety of ways to form different applications. Animation is obtained by connecting graphical objects to dynamic variables, which are able to change their values over

207

The SIFT hardware/software systems. Volume 2: Software listings  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document contains software listings of the SIFT operating system and application software. The software is coded for the most part in a variant of the Pascal language, Pascal*. Pascal* is a cross-compiler running on the VAX and Eclipse computers. The output of Pascal* is BDX-390 assembler code. When necessary, modules are written directly in BDX-390 assembler code. The listings in this document supplement the description of the SIFT system found in Volume 1 of this report, A Detailed Description.

Palumbo, Daniel L.

1985-01-01

208

Rainfall analysis and its implication on the mass balance and hydrological regime of the Zongo Glacier (Bolivia) Cinthya Ramallo, Thomas Condom, Jean-Emmanuel Sicart, and Thierry Lebel IRD/UJF-Grenoble1/CNRS/G-INP, LTHE, Grenoble, France  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The general context of the study is to describe the changes in the mass balance and in the hydrological regime of the Zongo glacier in relation with the rainfall variability. The hypothesis considered is that the characteristics of the rainy season strongly influence the mass balance and the hydrological regime with a control on the fusion. A new daily rainfall database for the last thirty years in the real cordillera region has been elaborated and two climatic regions can be distinguished: the Altiplano and Zongo Valley. Several methods are tested for each region to characterize the rainy season (duration, onset, end, amount of rain) considering different thresholds. Results show that annual rainfall is controlled by the number of rainy days on the Altiplano and by the intensity in the Zongo Valley. No strong correlations between ENSO and annual rainfall have been found. Comparing the last two decades, we observe a decrease of the amount of rain during the installation of the rainy season but an increase of the intensity. Inter-annual variability of the rainy day number is constant for the decades [1990-2000] and [2000-2010] but a change in the seasonal cycle is shown especially during the onset and the heart of the rainy season. The second part of the study quantifies the impact of the rainy season on the Mass balance and the hydrological regime considering each characteristic: duration, onset and end of the rainy season. The correlation between different properties and the runoff from the fusion is stronger than the correlation between the mass balance and the rainy season properties. The properties of the rainy season that explain better the hydrological behavior are the duration and the amount of rain. Finally, this study propose a link between the rainy season with hydrological functioning and mass balance for the Cordillera Real in Bolivia and these results have to be generalized for the other mountainous tropical regions.

Ramallo, C.; Condom, Thomas; Sicart, Jean-Emmanuel; Lebel, Thierry

2013-05-01

209

La redistribution intragénérationnelle dans le système de retraite des salariés du privé : une approche par microsimulation ; suivi d'un commentaire de Jean-Marc Dupuis et Claire El Moudden  

Microsoft Academic Search

[fre] La redistribution intragénérationnelle dans le système de retraite des salariés du privé: une approche par microsimulation . . L’impact redistributif du système de retraite français des salariés du privé est analysé ici, pour les générations nées dans les années 1950, avant la réforme intervenue en 2003. Les transferts redistributifs sont évalués en se fondant sur la comparaison des taux

Jean-Marc Dupuis; Claire El Moudden; Alexandre Vincent; Emmanuelle Walraet

2003-01-01

210

"The Clouds Are Alive because They Fly in the Air as if They Were Birds": A Re-Analysis of What Children Say and Mean in Clinical Interviews in the Work of Jean Piaget  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is about the contributions children make in clinical interviews. This issue is studied by re-analysing a selection of the empirical excerpts used by Piaget in his seminal book The Child's Conception of the World. The focus is on how children use language non-literally, and especially on how they use meta-communicative markers ("as…

Pramling, Niklas

2006-01-01

211

The Early Development of Mathematical Probability  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. Summary Blaise Pascal and Pierre Fermat are credited with founding mathematical probability because they solved the problem of points, the problem of equitably dividing the stakes when a fair game is halted before either player has enough points to win. This problem had been discussed for several centuries before 1654, but Pascal and Fermat were the first to give

Glenn Shafer

212

Comparison of the Bender Gestalt Test for Both Black and White Brain-Damaged Patients Using Two Scoring Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested for cultural bias in the Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test. Subjects were 72 black and white patients diagnosed as either brain damaged or psychiatric. Bender protocols were scored by Pascal-Suttell and Hain systems. No race effect appeared except for the Pascal-Suttell system for which blacks scored significantly better. (Author)

Butler, Oliver T.; And Others

1976-01-01

213

Magic Fountain  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new simply constructed, easy-to-make demonstration of Hero's fountain is presented. The apparatus doesn't have a vessel above a fountain nozzle or a pump and can be considered as one of the best demonstration of Pascal and Bernoulli's principles. Its action is discussed on the basis of Pascal and Bernoulli's principles.

R. Ya. Kezerashvili; Alexander Sapozhnikov

2003-01-01

214

Alpha 90. Current Research in Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains 21 reports that explore and document literacy. Following an introduction (Jean-Paul Hautecoeur), the first part deals with literacy in North America. Reports are "Functional Illiteracy and the 'New Literacy'" (Jean-Pierre Velis); "Literacy Policy in Quebec: An Historical Overview" (Jean-Paul Hautecoeur); "Literacy and the…

Hautecoeur, Jean-Paul, Ed.

215

Stendhal: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Victor Brombert, Martin Turnell, Erich Auerbach, Jean Prevost, Raymond Giraud, Irving Howe, Judd D. Hubert, Leon Blum, Jean Starobinski, Jean-Pierre Richard, and Simone de Beauvoir--all dealing with the biography and…

Brombert, Victor, Ed.

216

Tropical volcanic islands: best first cycle erosion laboratories.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lesser Antilles islands are located in a tropical climate with high temperatures (24 to 28 ° C), high precipitation (can reach 12 m/yr), very dense vegetation, sharp relief with a NS gradient of age. Antilles rivers have a torrential hydrologic regime with extreme erosion conditions. Chemical weathering rates are among highest world values 140-200 t/km2/yr on surface and 2 to 5 time higher when subsurface water circulations are taken account (Rad et al., 2007). Timescales and physical rates of erosion are calculated from U-Th isotopic compositions. Our results, with 3 different methods (all based on mass budgets between the river bedrock and its erosion products) show a good agreement for physical erosion rates with a maximum value of 2500 t/km2/yr. We show that solid loads of these volcanic rivers are dominated by sand, which represent more than 80% of the soil profile. Erosion rates are directly correlated to the age of basins. Indeed, among all parameters (climat, runoff, slopes, vegetation...) the age basins is a key control parameter. The younger the basin is the higher the weathering rate is. This correlation asserts that younger volcanic rocks are more easily weathered than old ones: young fresh material is easily mobilized by erosion, while for older rocks with thick soil covers, chemical and physical erosion rates are much lower, they reach a threshold with low chemical and physical rates once soils are constituted. It seems that rivers draining young lava flows are also the ones, which are not at steady state with the lowest mechanical denudation rates. Erosion processes in Lesser Antilles are typical of a first cycle erosion with simple relationship between rates, timescale of erosion and basins ages. It appears that first stage of erosion are characterized by high chemical denudation rates and low physical denudation rates, the erosion products are then close to the bedrock. It is then followed in a second stage by constant chemical weathering rates with higher mechanical denudation rates. \\small Setareh Denise Rad, Claude Jean Allegre and Pascale Louvat, 2007, Hidden erosion on volcanic islands, Earth and Planetary Science Letters. In Press.

Rad, S.; Rive, K.; Gaillardet, J.; Allegre, C. J.

2007-12-01

217

6. Interior of Paddock Club on lower level, including column ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. Interior of Paddock Club on lower level, including column with sculptural relief detail by artist Susan Pascal. Camera pointed S. (July 1993) - Longacres, Paddock Club, 1621 Southwest Sixteenth Street, Renton, King County, WA

218

Accurate Molecular Dimensions from Stearic Acid Monolayers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses modifications in the fatty acid monolayer experiment to reduce the inaccurate moleculary data students usually obtain. Copies of the experimental procedure used and a Pascal computer program to work up the data are available from the authors. (JN)

Lane, Charles A.; And Others

1984-01-01

219

40 CFR 60.343 - Monitoring of emissions and operations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...monitoring devices: (1) A monitoring device for the continuous measurement...through the scrubber. The monitoring device must be accurate within ±250 pascals (one inch of water). (2) A monitoring device for continuous...

2013-07-01

220

Finite Element Analysis Using a Single-User Computer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A two dimensional finite element program has been translated from Pascal to Fortran to run on an ICL PERQ Single User Computer under the PNX Operating System. Many improvements and extensions have been incorporated, including automatic meshing algorithms....

B. Colyer, C. W. Trowbridge

1985-01-01

221

ADLIB User's Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

ADLIB (A Design Language for Indicating Behavior) is a new computer design language recently developed at Stanford. ADLIB is a superset of PASCAL with special facilities for concurrency and interprocess communication. It is normally used under the SABLE s...

D. D. Hill

1979-01-01

222

Programming Environments Based on Structured Editors: The MENTOR Experience.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This note discusses the MENTOR program manipulation system, from the following points of view: the main design decisions made in MENTOR; the authors' experience with building and using a PASCAL programming environment based on MENTOR; and the authors' vis...

V. Donzeau-Gouge G. Huet G. Kahn B. Lang

1980-01-01

223

Computer program for the performance evaluation of maximum power point trackers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Maximum power point tracking is an important issue in photovoltaics. Therefore a Pascal computer program has been developed to facilitate performance measurements on maximum power point trackers (MPPT's) using an MS-DOS microcomputer with numeric coproces...

A. T. Veltman R. Kloeckner K. K. W. Geers J. Van Twisk

1991-01-01

224

INTAC: Digital and Analog Circuit Test Language INTAC - Linguagem de Teste de Circuitos Digitais E Analogicos.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A PASCAL like test programming language for digital and analog circuits called INTAC is described. The new statements and declarations oriented for testing purposes, such as digital and analog signal handling, are the main topics of discussion.

M. A. C. Cruz

1983-01-01

225

Orbital Flight Simulation Utility Software Unit Specifications, Revision 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The HP PASCAL source code defines the specifications for a Utility Software Unit (USU) designed to support orbital flight simulators such as MANHANDLE and GREAS (General Research and Engineering Analysis Simulator). Besides providing basic input/output, m...

S. W. Wilson

1986-01-01

226

Methods of Astrodynamics, a Computer Approach.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A library PASCAL and FORTRAN computer routines to solve various Astrodynamic problems is presented. Diagrams and equations are given for each routine. The main part of the document is the actual code. Rigorous documentation and coding discipline was used ...

D. A. Vallado

1991-01-01

227

Automatic Program Verification II: Verifying Programs by Algebraic and Logical Reduction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Methods for verifying programs written in a higher level programming language are devised and implemented. The system can verify programs written in a subset of PASCAL, which may have data structures and control structures such as WHILE, REPEAT, FOR, PROC...

N. Suzuki

1974-01-01

228

A Short History of the Computer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beginning with Blaise Pascal's adding machine (1642), a brief look is taken at mechanical computers, electronic developments, transistors, and first, second, and third generation computers. A glossary is appended. (KC)

Reid-Green, Keith

1981-01-01

229

Which Programming Language is Right for You?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the strengths and weaknesses of four programing languages (Logo, PILOT, BASIC, Pascal) in terms of the tasks to be performed (task environment), capabilities of the language (programing environment), and skills user wants to develop (user environment). (JN)

Harvey, Wayne

1984-01-01

230

Experience in Transport Protocol Specification Using an Algorithmic Programming Language.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper outlines experience in transport protocol specification using a combination of English for description and high level programming language (Pascal) for specifying legal protocol operation. Its main contribution is in describing the organization ...

R. W. Watson

1982-01-01

231

Relationship between Database Systems and Operating System Capabilities. Stage One: The Survey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report examines the following seven data base management systems to determine relationships among their functional capabilities or features and their operating systems requirements: IDMS, BDMS, RIM, ADABAS, FRAMIS, PASCAL/R and INGRES. The capabilitie...

S. Sherman J. Werth

1982-01-01

232

Shapes of Bubbles and Drops in Motion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the shape distortions that take place in fluid packets (bubbles or drops) with steady flow motion by using the laws of Archimedes, Pascal, and Bernoulli rather than advanced vector calculus. (WRM)

O'Connell, James

2000-01-01

233

PCACE-Personal-Computer-Aided Cabling Engineering  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

PCACE computer program developed to provide inexpensive, interactive system for learning and using engineering approach to interconnection systems. Basically database system that stores information as files of individual connectors and handles wiring information in circuit groups stored as records. Directly emulates typical manual engineering methods of handling data, thus making interface between user and program very natural. Apple version written in P-Code Pascal and IBM PC version of PCACE written in TURBO Pascal 3.0

Billitti, Joseph W.

1987-01-01

234

Pattern scan laser photocoagulation: safety and complications, experience after 1301 consecutive cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/aimsThe pattern scan laser photocoagulator (PASCAL) is a novel laser device that uses 10–30 ms pulse duration for retina photocoagulation. The aim of this study was to analyse the safety profile of this approach.MethodsThis was a retrospective study. We reviewed the clinical records of all laser sessions performed with PASCAL from November 2007 to July 2008. Where there were any

Raul Velez-Montoya; José Luis Guerrero-Naranjo; Carmen Cecilia Gonzalez-Mijares; Jans Fromow-Guerra; George R Marcellino; Hugo Quiroz-Mercado; Virgilio Morales-Cantón

2010-01-01

235

Program Trains NASTRAN Users  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Rockwell Environment and NASTRAN Trainer (RENT) computer program developed to assist new and current users of NASTRAN finite-element computer code. Provides organized, systematic collection of IBM(R) features consisting of panels, clists, skeletons, and messages, along with FORTRAN and Pascal programs and example NASTRAN data files. Enables each user to learn at his or her own pace. Written in VS/FORTRAN, VS/ Pascal, and IBM(R) job-control language for an IBM(R) computer system.

Grooms, H. R.; Hinz, P. J.; Collier, M. A.; Cox, Kim D.; Merriman, Warren J.; Commerford, Gerry

1994-01-01

236

Perceptions of Outpatients Regarding the Attire of Physiotherapists  

PubMed Central

Purpose: This study investigated perceptions of patients regarding physiotherapists’ attire. Methods: Three hundred patients in three publicly funded outpatient physiotherapy clinics were asked to complete a questionnaire, ranking four photographed modes of attire (lab coat, tailored dress, “scrubs,” and jeans) in terms of professionalism, preference, and appropriateness and rating their level of agreement with four statements about physiotherapists’ attire. Results: Response rate was 63.7 %. The lab coat was ranked most professional, tailored dress most preferred, and jeans least professional and least preferred. Although jeans were deemed inappropriate (p < 0.001), strong support was shown for wearing jeans on “casual day” (p = 0.001). Age of respondents influenced the perception of the appropriateness of wearing jeans (p = 0.007 for male therapist; p = 0.017 for female therapist); only the cohort <36 years considered jeans appropriate apparel. Overall exposure to physiotherapists (number of lifetime visits) affected patients’ perceptions of the importance of attire (p = 0.039) and the appropriateness of wearing jeans (p = 0.018): as number of visits increased, perceived importance decreased and perceived propriety of jeans increased. Conclusion: The findings of this study, the first to examine patients’ opinions of physiotherapists’ attire, suggest that outpatients made clear distinctions between what they perceived as professional and what they preferred, as well as between the appropriateness of physiotherapists’ wearing jeans in general and the appropriateness of their doing so on “casual day.” Age and exposure to physiotherapists influenced patients’ perceptions of attire.

Mercer, Erin; Conway, Nicki; Flynn, Jennifer; Mercer, Chris

2008-01-01

237

A Piagetian Constructivist Perspective on Curriculum Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses specifically on Jean Piaget's theory of development. Examines Piaget's ideas about constructivism and explores the application of this theoretical perspective to the conceptualization of curriculum development. (MG)

London, Clement B. G.

1990-01-01

238

An English Translation of Joseph Luc Riopelle, MD, (Hôtel-Dieu of Montréal), and Jean Paul Thériault (Hôpital Général of Verdun, Québec, Canada): Sur une forme méconnue de sarcome des parties molles: le rhabdomyosarcome alvéolaire (concerning an unrecognized form of sarcoma of the soft tissues: alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma). annales d'anatomie pathologique 1956;1:88-111.  

PubMed

We believe that this is the first translation into English of the first description, in French, of a disease previously unknown. JL Riopelle and JP Thériault, both pathologists, reviewed clinical and pathologic findings in six young patients with soft tissue tumors, and contributed autopsy information on four of the patients. Only one patient was initially correctly diagnosed with rhabdomyosarcoma; the other five initially had alternative diagnoses. Because of space limitations, we have condensed the clinical and pathologic details of their 23-page, approximately 9-font article into two Tables, but have otherwise translated the complete text of this seminal paper. The journal cited above was first published in 1956 in Paris, France, and is currently published as Annales de Pathologie. Its editor is unaware of any prior English translation of this article. PMID:23153096

Raney, R Beverly; Oberlin, Odile; Parham, David M

2012-01-01

239

Effects of Ambient and Acute Partial Pressures of Ozone on Leaf Net CO(2) Assimilation of Field-Grown Vitis vinifera L.  

PubMed

Mature, field-grown Vitis vinifera L. grapevines grown in open-top chambers were exposed to either charcoal-filtered air or ambient ozone partial pressures throughout the growing season. Individual leaves also were exposed to ozone partial pressures of 0.2, 0.4, or 0.6 micropascals per pascal for 5 hours. No visual ozone damage was found on leaves exposed to any of the treatments. Chronic exposure to ambient O(3) partial pressures reduced net CO(2) assimilation rate (A) between 5 and 13% at various times throughout the season when compared to the filtered treatment. Exposure of leaves to 0.2 micropascals per pascal O(3) for 5 hours had no significant effect on A; however, A was reduced 84% for leaves exposed to 0.6 micropascals per pascal O(3) when compared to the controls after 5 hours. Intercellular CO(2) partial pressure (c(i)) was lower for leaves exposed to 0.2 micropascals per pascal O(3) when compared to the controls, while c(i) of the leaves treated with 0.6 micropascals per pascal of 0(3) increased during the fumigation. The long-term effects of ambient O(3) and short-term exposure to acute levels of O(3) reduced grape leaf photosynthesis due to a reduction in both stomatal and mesophyll conductances. PMID:16667208

Roper, T R; Williams, L E

1989-12-01

240

Effects of Ambient and Acute Partial Pressures of Ozone on Leaf Net CO2 Assimilation of Field-Grown Vitis vinifera L. 1  

PubMed Central

Mature, field-grown Vitis vinifera L. grapevines grown in open-top chambers were exposed to either charcoal-filtered air or ambient ozone partial pressures throughout the growing season. Individual leaves also were exposed to ozone partial pressures of 0.2, 0.4, or 0.6 micropascals per pascal for 5 hours. No visual ozone damage was found on leaves exposed to any of the treatments. Chronic exposure to ambient O3 partial pressures reduced net CO2 assimilation rate (A) between 5 and 13% at various times throughout the season when compared to the filtered treatment. Exposure of leaves to 0.2 micropascals per pascal O3 for 5 hours had no significant effect on A; however, A was reduced 84% for leaves exposed to 0.6 micropascals per pascal O3 when compared to the controls after 5 hours. Intercellular CO2 partial pressure (ci) was lower for leaves exposed to 0.2 micropascals per pascal O3 when compared to the controls, while ci of the leaves treated with 0.6 micropascals per pascal of 03 increased during the fumigation. The long-term effects of ambient O3 and short-term exposure to acute levels of O3 reduced grape leaf photosynthesis due to a reduction in both stomatal and mesophyll conductances.

Roper, Teryl R.; Williams, Larry E.

1989-01-01

241

Changes in Peripapillary Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness after Pattern Scanning Laser Photocoagulation in Patients with Diabetic Retinopathy  

PubMed Central

Purpose To examine the effects of panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) using a pattern scanning laser (PASCAL) system on the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in patients with diabetic retinopathy. Methods This retrospective study included 105 eyes with diabetic retinopathy, which consisted of three groups: the PASCAL group that underwent PRP with the PASCAL method (33 eyes), the conventional group that underwent conventional PRP treatment (34 eyes), and the control group that did not receive PRP (38 eyes). The peripapillary RNFL thickness was measured by optical coherence tomography before, six months, and one year after PRP to evaluate the changes in peripapillary RNFL. Results The RNFL thickness in the PASCAL group did not show a significant difference after six months (average 3.7 times, p = 0.15) or one year after the PRP (average 3.7 times, p = 0.086), whereas that in the conventional group decreased significantly after six months (average 3.4 times, p < 0.001) and one year after PRP (average 3.4 times, p < 0.001). Conclusions The results of this study suggest that the PASCAL system may protect against RNFL loss by using less energy than conventional PRP.

Park, Yi-Ryeung

2014-01-01

242

List of Participants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mohab Abou ZeidVrije Universiteit, Brussel Joke AdamKatholieke Universiteit Leuven Nikolas AkerblomMax-Planck-Institut für Physik, München Luis Fernando Alday Utrecht University Stelios Alexandris University of Patras Antonio Amariti Università di Milano-Bicocca Nicola Ambrosetti Université de Neuchâtel Pascal Anastasopoulos Università di Roma Tor Vergata Laura Andrianopoli Enrico Fermi Center Carlo Angelantonj Università di Torino Lilia Anguelova Queen Mary, University of London Daniel AreanUniversidade de Santiago de Compostela Gleb ArutyunovUtrecht University Spyros Avramis NTU Athens—University of Patras Ioannis Bakas University of Patras Subrata Bal Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies Igor Bandos Valencia University Jessica Barrett University of Iceland Marco Baumgartl Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule, Zürich Jacopo Bechi Università di Firenze James Bedford Queen Mary, University of London Jorge Bellorin Universidad Autonoma de Madrid Francesco Benini SISSA, Trieste Eric Bergshoeff Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Groningen Gaetano BertoldiUniversity of Wales, Swansea Adel Bilal Laboratoire de Physique Théorique, École Normale Superieure, Paris Matthias Blau Université de Neuchâtel Johannes BroedelUniversität Hannover Felix Brümmer Universität Heidelberg Julio Cesar Bueno de Andrade São Paulo State University—UNESP Cliff Burgess McMaster University Agostino Butti Laboratoire de Physique Théorique, École Normale Superieure, Paris Marco Caldarelli Universitat de Barcelona Pablo G Camara Centre de Physique Théorique, École Polytechnique, Palaiseau Joan Camps Universitat de Barcelona Felipe Canoura FernandezUniversidade de Santiago de Compostela Luigi Cappiello Università di Napoli Federico II Luca Carlevaro École Polytechnique, Palaiseau Roberto Casero Centre de Physique Théorique, École Polytechnique, Palaiseau Claudio Caviezel Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, München Alessio Celi Universitat de Barcelona Anna Ceresole Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare and Università di Torino Kang Sin Choi University of Bonn Michele Cirafici University of Patras Andres Collinucci Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Aldo Cotrone Universitat de Barcelona Ben Craps Vrije Universiteit, Brussel Stefano Cremonesi SISSA, Trieste Gianguido Dall'Agata Padova University Sanjit Das Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur Forcella Davide SISSA, Trieste Jose A de Azcarraga Valencia University and Instituto de Fìsica Corpuscular (CSIC-UVEG), Valencia Sophie de BuylInstitut des Hautes Études Scientifiques, Bures-sur-Yvette Jean-Pierre Derendinger Université de Neuchâtel Stephane Detournay Università Degli Studi di Milano Paolo Di Vecchia NORDITA, København Oscar Dias Universitat de Barcelona Vladimir Dobrev Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia Joel Ekstrand Department of Theoretical Physics, Uppsala University Federico Elmetti Università di Milano I Diaconu Eugen University of Craiova Oleg Evnin Vrije Universiteit, Brussel Bo Feng Imperial College, London Livia Ferro Università di Torino Pau Figueras Universitat de Barcelona Raphael Flauger University of Texas at Austin Valentina Forini Università di Perugia Angelos Fotopoulos Università di Torino Denis Frank Université de Neuchâtel Lisa Freyhult Albert-Einstein-Institut, Golm Carlos Fuertes Instituto de Física Teórica, Madrid Matthias Gaberdiel Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule, Zürich Maria Pilar Garcia del Moral Università di Torino Daniel Gerber Instituto de Física Teórica, Madrid Valentina Giangreco Marotta Puletti Uppsala University Joaquim Gomis Universitat de Barcelona Gianluca Grignani Università di Perugia Luca Griguolo Università di Parma Umut Gursoy École Polytechnique, Palaiseau and École Normale Supérieure, Paris Michael Haack Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, München Troels Harmark Niels Bohr Institute, København Alexander Haupt Imperial College, London Michal Heller Jagiellonian University, Krakow Samuli Hemming University of Iceland Yasuaki Hikida DESY,

2007-11-01

243

MoMar-Demo at Lucky Strike. A near-real time multidisciplinary observatory of hydrothermal processes and ecosystems at the Mid-Atlantic Ridge  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The MoMAR "Monitoring the Mid-Atlantic Ridge" project was initiated by InterRidge in 1998 to study the environmental instability resulting from active mid-ocean-ridge processes at hydrothermal vent fields south of the Azores. It then developped into a component of the ESONET (European Seafloor Observatory Network) and EMSO (European Multidisciplinary Subsea Observatory) programs, which coordinate eulerian observatory initiatives in the seas around Europe. MoMAR experiments have started in 2006 and address two main questions : What are the feedbacks between volcanism, deformation, seismicity, and hydrothermalism at a slow spreading mid-ocean ridge? and How does the hydrothermal ecosystem couple with these sub-seabed processes? The MoMAR-Demo project started in 2010 with partial support from ESONET. It has been implemented so far by 2 cruises of the RV Pourquoi Pas ? during which we successfully deployed (in 2010), and upgraded (in 2011) a near-realtime buoyed observatory system. The system comprises two Sea Monitoring Nodes (SeaMoN) at the seafloor, which are acoustically linked to a surface relay buoy (BoRel), ensuring satellite communication to a land base station in Brest (France). One SeaMoN node connects to a 3-components seismometer and an hydrophone for seismic event detection, and two pressure probes for geodetic measurements, and the other SeaMoN node connects to a video camera, a dissolved-iron analyzer, and an optode (oxygen and temperature probe) for ecological time studies. The BOREL transmission buoy is equiped with GPS (geodetic experiment and buoy location) and meteo station. Data and/or status signals from these sensors are transmitted every 6 hours, and put on line in compliance with the ESONET-EMSO data policy (temporary access through http://www.ifremer.fr/WC2en/allEulerianNetworks). The MoMAR-Demo system also allows for interactive connections and changes of data transmission rates on demand. It is nested in arrays of autonomous sensors (OBSs, pressure probes, tiltmeter, temperature probes in selected smokers, currentmeters and temperature probes in the water column), and colonization devices for time-integrated faunal studies. In this presentation we will outline the latest results of this prototype sub-sea multidisciplinary observatory system. The MoMAR-Demo Scientific Party : Aron Michael, Aumont Virginie, Baillard Christian, Ballu Valérie, Barreyre Thibaut, Blandin Jérôme, Blin Alexandre, Boulart Cédric, Cannat Mathilde, Carval Thierry, Castillo Alain, Chavagnac Valérie, Coail Jean Yves, Colaço Ana, Corela Carlos, Courrier Christophe, Crawford Wayne, Cuvelier Daphné, Daniel Romuald, Dausse Denis, Escartin Javier, Fabrice Fontaine, Gabsi Taoufik, Gayet Nicolas, Guyader Gérard, Lallier François, Lecomte Benoit, Legrand Julien, Lino Silva, Miranda Miguel, Mitard Emmelyne, Pichavant Pascal, Pot Olivier, Reverdin Gilles, Rommevaux Céline, Sarradin Pierre Marie, Sarrazin Jozée, Tanguy Virginie, Villinger Heinrich, Zbinden Magali

Cannat, M.; Sarradin, P.; Blandin, J.; Escartin, J.; Colaco, A.; MoMAR-Demo Scientific Party : Aron Michael, Aumont Virginie, Baillard Christian, Ballu Valérie, Barreyre Thibaut, Blandin Jérôme, Blin Alexandre, Boulart Cédric, Cannat Mathilde, Carval Thierry, Castillo Alain, Chavagnac Valérie, Coail Jean Yves, Colaço Ana, Corela Carlos, Courrier Christophe, Crawford Wayne, Cuvelier Daphné, Daniel Romuald, Dausse Denis, Escartin Javier, Fabrice Fontaine, Gabsi Taoufik, Gayet Nicolas, Guyader Gérard, Lallier François, Lecomte Benoit, Legrand Julien, Lino Silva, Miranda Miguel, Mitard Emmelyne, Pichavant Pascal, Pot Olivier, Reverdin Gilles, Rommevaux Céline, Sarradin Pierre Marie, Sarrazin Jozée, Tanguy Virginie, Villinger Heinrich, Zbinden Magali

2011-12-01

244

A Blind Analysis of Another Case of Multiple Personality Using the Semantic Differential Technique  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1954 Osgood and Luria reported a blind analysis of a case of triple personality, popularly known as "The Three Faces of Eve," that had been analyzed by Thigpen and Cleckley. Here they combined with Robert Jeans to do a similar blind analysis of a case Jeans was treating in the late 1960s. (Editor/RK)

Osgood, Charles E.; And Others

1976-01-01

245

Ethanol production from cotton-based waste textiles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethanol production from cotton linter and waste of blue jeans textiles was investigated. In the best case, alkali pretreatment followed by enzymatic hydrolysis resulted in almost complete conversion of the cotton and jeans to glucose, which was then fermented by Saccharomyces cerevisiae to ethanol. If no pretreatment applied, hydrolyses of the textiles by cellulase and ?-glucosidase for 24h followed by

Azam Jeihanipour; Mohammad J. Taherzadeh

2009-01-01

246

The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented (NRC/GT) Newsletter, 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two newsletters from the National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented (NRC/GT) include the following major articles: (1) "Everything You Need To Know about the NRC/GT: Web Site, Videos, and Texts" (E. Jean Gubbins); (2) "A. Harry Passow: Scholar and Friend" (E. Jean Gubbins and Joseph S. Renzulli); (3) "Learning How New Teachers Relate to…

Gubbins, E. Jean, Ed.; Siegle, Del, Ed.

1996-01-01

247

The Long and the Short of It: Telescopes of the Seventeenth Century  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An historical review of telescope makers and users, and the state of telescopes in the 1600s. Mentioned are: Jean Dominique Cassini, Hans Lippershey, Galileo, Johannes Kepler, Scheiner, Francesco Fontana, Evangelista Torricelli, Eustachio Divini, William Gascoigne, Adrien Auzout, Jean Picard, Christian Huygens, Johannes Hevelius, Edmund Halley, and Isaac Newton.

Rudd, M. Eugene

248

Learning and Transferring Action Schemas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Jean is a model of early cognitive development based loosely on Piaget's theory of sensori-motor and pre-operational thought. Like an infant, Jean repeatedly executes schemas, gradually transfer- ring them to new situations and extending them as necessary to accommodate new experiences. We model this process of accommodation with the Ex- perimental State Splitting (ESS) algorithm. ESS learns elementary action schemas,

Paul R. Cohen; Yu-han Chang; Clayton T. Morrison; Carole R. Beal

2007-01-01

249

Severe adverse reaction risks during mass treatment with ivermectin in loiasis-endemic areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

The control of onchocerciasis remains a priority in sub-Saharan Africa. Jean-Philippe Chippaux, Michel Boussinesq, Jacques Gardon, Nathalie Gardon-Wendel and Jean-Christophe Ernould here outline studies concerning possible severe adverse reactions to ivermectin used to control onchocerciasis in areas where loiasis is also endemic, and discuss precautions that may be advisable during the implementation of such programmes.

Jean-Philippe Chippaux; Michel Boussinesq; Jacques Gardon; Nathalie Gardon-Wendel; Jean-Christophe Ernould

1996-01-01

250

Godard-list  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

GODARD-LIST is an open, unmoderated discussion list regarding film director Jean-Luc Godard. The list is designed for persons studying, researching, writing, teaching, thinking, talking, gossiping, dreaming, making films, and ultimately loving all things Godardian. Discussion, therefore, is invited regarding the study of Uncle Jean's work, his ongoing impact on cinema, and his many disciples/imitators.

1996-01-01

251

System analysis for the Huntsville Operational Support Center distributed computer system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A simulation model was developed and programmed in three languages BASIC, PASCAL, and SLAM. Two of the programs are included in this report, the BASIC and the PASCAL language programs. SLAM is not supported by NASA/MSFC facilities and hence was not included. The statistical comparison of simulations of the same HOSC system configurations are in good agreement and are in agreement with the operational statistics of HOSC that were obtained. Three variations of the most recent HOSC configuration was run and some conclusions drawn as to the system performance under these variations.

Ingels, E. M.

1983-01-01

252

A unified data flow model for fault tolerant computers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Dataflow Simulation System (DFSS) at USL was used as the medium on which a functional simulaton of sIFT was produced. DFSS is written in PL/I and is supported by MULTICS. Within the simulation, all the interprocessor communication, fault simulation, system state data, and monitoring were implemented in dataflow and supported directly by DFSS. The actual processor level computation was carried out by the SIFT code in PASCAL. The interface between DFSS in PL/I and the SIFT code in PASCAL was supported under a mechanism in DFSS called a Node Realization Module (NRM).

Rao, T. R.; Ramanamurthy, V. V.; Youssefi, A.; Kavi, K. M.

1984-01-01

253

MENO-II: An AI-Based Programming Tutor.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

MENO-II is a computer-based tutor intended to help novices learning to program in Pascal. The BUG-FINDing component attempts to find non-syntactic bugs in a student's program. It draws on a database of 18 common bug types, represented as templates, and at...

E. Soloway E. Rubin B. Woolf J. Bonar W. L. Johnson

1983-01-01

254

Personal-Computer Video-Terminal Emulator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

OWL-1200 video terminal emulator has been written for IBM Personal Computer. The OWL-1200 is a simple user terminal with some intelligent capabilities. These capabilities include screen formatting and block transmission of data. Emulator is written in PASCAL and Assembler for the IBM Personal Computer operating under DOS 1.1.

Buckley, R. H.; Koromilas, A.; Smith, R. M.; Lee, G. E.; Giering, E. W.

1985-01-01

255

Meet Jessica and Elizabeth from Sweet Valley: Who Are the Female Role Models in Popular Romance Novels for Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jessica and Elizabeth are two female characters, twins, featured throughout Francine Pascal's Sweet Valley series, the Bantam Publishers popular series for girls from elementary school through junior high, high school, university, and well into adulthood. This paper notes that these books are a part of the same formula that are used for romance…

Roberts, Sherron Killingsworth

256

Computer Simulation of NMR Spectra.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a PASCAL computer program which provides interactive analysis and display of high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra from spin one-half nuclei using a hard-copy or monitor. Includes general and theoretical program descriptions, program capability, and examples of its use. (Source for program/documentation is included.)…

Ellison, A.

1983-01-01

257

A Rapidly Converging Recursive Approach to Pi.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an algorithm to estimate pi by approximating a unit circle with a sequence of inscribed regular polygons. Demonstrates the application of the algorithm with a hand-held calculator and an Apple computer. Provides a program to calculate pi in Pascal programing language. (12 references) (MDH)

Dence, Joseph B.; Dence, Thomas P.

1993-01-01

258

Comparing Different Approaches to Programming from an Educational Viewpoint.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports results of two studies that compared the introduction of procedural (exemplified by Pascal) and declarative (exemplified by Prolog) programing languages to Italian secondary school students. Discussion covers learning approaches and problems, mental models, programing techniques, programing environments, and educational applications. (27…

Bottino, Rosa Maria

1992-01-01

259

The special status of mathematical probability: a historical sketch  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of the mathematical probability includes two phases: 1) From Pascal and Fermat to Laplace, the theory gained in application fields; 2) In the first half of the 20th Century, two competing axiomatic systems were respectively proposed by von Mises in 1919 and Kolmogorov in 1933. This paper places this historical sketch in the context of the philosophical complexity

Xavier De Scheemaekere; Ariane Szafarz

2008-01-01

260

Program Manipulates Plots For Effective Display  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Windowed Observation of Relative Motion (WORM) computer program primarily intended for generation of simple X-Y plots from data created by other programs. Enables user to label, zoom, and change scales of various plots. Three-dimensional contour and line plots provided. Written in PASCAL.

Bauer, F.; Downing, J.

1990-01-01

261

Interactive Microcomputer Wargame for an Air Battle.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The air battle computer program of this thesis is an interactive wargame using an APPLE III microcomputer programmed in UCSD PASCAL. It is designed as a many on many engagement, to provide a tool for operations planning and evaluation, as an interactive c...

J. O. Wilson

1982-01-01

262

The Most Important Languages Today.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lists and describes seven languages (COBOL, FORTRAN, BASIC, PASCAL, C, ADA, and LISP), pointing out that familiarity with one or more will enhance employability. Also lists and describes four operating systems (MSDOS, UNIX, MVS, and VAXX/VMS), indicating that knowledge of these systems will further enhance employability or on-the-job performance.…

Graduating Engineer, 1985

1985-01-01

263

Programming Languages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the nature of programing languages, considering the features of BASIC, LOGO, PASCAL, COBOL, FORTH, APL, and LISP. Also discusses machine/assembly codes, the operation of a compiler, and trends in the evolution of programing languages (including interest in notational systems called object-oriented languages). (JN)

Tesler, Lawrence G.

1984-01-01

264

Selection and Use of General-Purpose Programming Languages--Overview. Volume 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents a review of selection factors for the seven major general-purpose programming languages: Ada, BASIC, C, COBOL, FORTRAN, PASCAL, and PL/I. The factors covered include not only the logical operations within each language, but also the advantages and disadvantages stemming from the current computing environment, e.g., software…

Cugini, John V.

265

The Family Tree of Computer Languages; Choosing What's Best for Your Purposes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares machine code with assembler languages, explains the difference between low and high level computer languages, and traces the historical development and special features of the general purpose languages--BASIC, FORTRAN, COBOL, LISP, ALGOL, Pascal, APL, and PL/1--and special purpose languages--C, FORTH, Modula 2, Smalltalk, PILOT, and…

Cole, Bernard

1983-01-01

266

Humidity Fixed Points of Binary Saturated Aqueous Solutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

An evaluated compilation of equilibrium relative humidities in air versus temperature from pure phase to approximately 105 pascal (1 atm) in pressure is presented for 28 binary saturated aqueous solutions. The relative humidities of the solutions range from about 3 to 98 percent. Using a data base from 21 separate investigations comprising 1106 individual measurements, fits were made by the

Lewis Greenspan

267

Semi-Markov Unreliability-Range Evaluator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Reconfigurable, fault-tolerant systems modeled. Semi-Markov unreliability-range evaluator (SURE) computer program is software tool for analysis of reliability of reconfigurable, fault-tolerant systems. Based on new method for computing death-state probabilities of semi-Markov model. Computes accurate upper and lower bounds on probability of failure of system. Written in PASCAL.

Butler, Ricky W.

1988-01-01

268

Semi-Markov Unreliability Range Evaluator (SURE)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Analysis tool for reconfigurable, fault-tolerant systems, SURE provides efficient way to calculate accurate upper and lower bounds for death state probabilities for large class of semi-Markov models. Calculated bounds close enough for use in reliability studies of ultrareliable computer systems. Written in PASCAL for interactive execution and runs on DEC VAX computer under VMS.

Butler, R. W.

1989-01-01

269

40 CFR 1065.1005 - Symbols, abbreviations, acronyms, and units of measure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... correction factor 1 l length meter m m µ viscosity, dynamic pascal second Pa·s mâ1 ·kg·s M molar... mass rate kilogram per second kg/s kg·sâ1 ν viscosity, kinematic meter squared per second mâ2 /s...

2013-07-01

270

Upper Grades Ideas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents activities and program listings to print ASCII characters, examine the "IF" command (Pascal), change colors of a word on the screen (Atari), and to create a drawing tool for making designs (Logo). Also presents an activity on dummy sorting. (JN)

Classroom Computer Learning, 1984

1984-01-01

271

Hypothermia for neuroprotection after cardiac arrest: Systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Only a few patients survive cardiac arrest with favorable neurologic recovery. Our objective was to assess whether induced hypothermia improves neurologic recovery in survivors of primary cardiac arrest. Data Source: Studies were identified by a computerized search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PASCAL, the Cochrane Controlled Trial Register, and BIOSIS. Study Selection: We included randomized and quasi-random- ized, controlled trials

Michael Holzer; Stephen A. Bernard; Said Hachimi-Idrissi; Risto O. Roine; Fritz Sterz

2005-01-01

272

C based discrete event simulation support system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The C programming language is gaining in popularity with professional programmers because of its powerful constructs, versatility and portability. The state of development of C compilers has advanced to the degree that applications generally require less memory and execute more quickly when coded in C compared to other languages such as BASIC, FORTRAN, or Pascal. DISC (DIscrete event Simulation in

Sathyakumar Selvaraj; Eric L. Blair; Milton L. Smith; William M. Marcy

1988-01-01

273

Field test evaluation of conservation retrofits of low-income, single-family buildings in Wisconsin: Blower-door-directed infiltration reduction procedure: Field test implementation and results  

Microsoft Academic Search

A blower-door-directed infiltration retrofit procedure was field tested on 18 homes in south central Wisconsin. The procedure, developed by the Wisconsin Energy Conservation Corporation, includes recommended retrofit techniques as performed on a house. A recommended expenditure level and target air leakage reduction, in air changes per hour at 50 pascal (ACH50), are determined from the initial leakage rate measured. The

M. B. Gettings; L. N. McCold; J. A. Schlegel

1988-01-01

274

Dr. Sanger's Apprentice: A Computer-Aided Instruction to Protein Sequencing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Modeled after the program "Mastermind," this program teaches students the art of protein sequencing. The program (written in Turbo Pascal for the IBM PC, requiring 128K, a graphics adapter, and an 8070 mathematics coprocessor) generates a polypeptide whose sequence and length can be user-defined (for practice) or computer-generated (for grading).…

Schmidt, Thomas G.; Place, Allen R.

1985-01-01

275

Teklib Graphic Library.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

TEKLIB is a library of procedures written in TI PASCAL to perform basic graphic tasks. TEKLIB was written to provide an interface between a graphics terminal and the TI 990. The TI 990 is used as a controller for the Finite Element Machine which is an arr...

S. W. Bostic

1983-01-01

276

ESTIMATION OF POLYNOMIAL TRENDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a survey of the methods of polynomial regression to- gether with some well-tested computer code in the Pascal language which realises the methods. A polynomial regression equation is just a case of the usual linear regression equation with the peculiar feature that the indepen- dent variables are powers of a single explanatory variable. The problem of determining

D. S. G. Pollock

277

The Role of Music in Education: Forming Cultural Identity and Making Cross-Cultural Connections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this reflection, Louise Pascale describes the evolution, development, and outcomes of the Afghan Children's Songbook Project, which is reintroducing children's ethnic songs to the children of Afghanistan and Afghan expats as well as to American schoolchildren. Her reflection highlights the potential for music to unify and strengthen…

Pascale, Louise M.

2013-01-01

278

Nearest Neighbor Searching in Binary Search Trees: Simulation of a Multiprocessor System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the simulation of a nearest neighbor searching algorithm for document retrieval using a pool of microprocessors. Three techniques are described which allow parallel searching of a binary search tree as well as a PASCAL-based system, PASSIM, which can simulate these techniques. Fifty-six references are provided. (Author/LRW)

Stewart, Mark; Willett, Peter

1987-01-01

279

How Can Hypermedia Tools Help Teach Programming?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development and evaluation of a series of hypermedia tools designed to help students learn to program in PASCAL or LISP are described. Classroom trials with 171 college students illustrate use of the developed tools. The use of hypermedia to foster integrated understanding is discussed. (SLD)

Linn, Marcia C.

1992-01-01

280

Program indentation and comprehensibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The consensus in the programming community is that indentation aids program comprehension, although many studies do not back this up. We tested program comprehension on a Pascal program. Two styles of indentation were used--blocked and nonblocked--in addition to four passible levels of indentation (0, 2, 4, 6 spaces). Both experienced and novice subjects were used. Although the blocking style made

Richard J. Miara; Joyce A. Musselman; Juan A. Navarro; Ben Shneiderman

1983-01-01

281

Social Inclusion: Universities and Regional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At a time when the OECD (2007) is advocating more local engagement for higher education institutions, this study looks at a number of community initiatives in Australia where local universities have played a key role. All were studied as part of the PASCAL Universities and Regional Engagement (PURE) project, which involves a total of 19 regions…

Wilson, Bruce

2011-01-01

282

Unsupervised segmentation of words into morphemes - morpho challenge 2005 application to automatic speech recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the EU Network of Excellence PASCAL, a challenge was organized to design a statistical machine learning algorithm that segments words into the smallest meaning-bearing units of lan- guage, morphemes. Ideally, these are basic vocabulary units suit- able for different tasks, such as speech and text understanding, machine translation, information retrieval, and statistical language modeling. Twelve research groups participated in

Mikko Kurimo; Mathias Creutz; Matti Varjokallio; Ebru Arisoy; Murat Saraclar

2006-01-01

283

"Neurosurgeon": A Microcomputer-based Interactive Program Involving Localization, Differential Diagnosis, and Surgical Approaches of Intracranial Mass Lesions  

PubMed Central

“Neurosurgeon” is an interactive, disk-based program developed for the Apple Macintosh Plus™ personal microcomputer, written in PASCAL. The program uses extensive graphic and text files for displaying anatomical boundaries of lesions entered by the user, and discusses differential diagnosis and surgical treatment upon request.

Williams, Richard B.; Wagner, Franklin C.

1988-01-01

284

Computer Series, 32.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ten computer programs (available from authors) and a noncomputer calculation of the electron in one-dimensional, one-Bohr box are described, including programs for analytical chemistry, space group generation using Pascal, mass-spectral search system (Applesoft), microcomputer-simulated liquid chromatography, voltammetry/amperometric titrations,…

Moore, John W., Ed.

1982-01-01

285

A technique for creating small fast compiler frontends  

Microsoft Academic Search

A technique using minimal perfect hash functions to generate small fast table driven frontends is described. A parser for the PASCAL language generated by this method is then presented.In this paper a technique for creating small fast table driven compiler frontends is described. To demonstate the practicality of this method, we give the code and tables for a demonstration parser

Thomas J. Sager

1985-01-01

286

Komputerwa analiza, identyfikacja i graficzna prezentacja bada? ABR--system audiometrii klinicznej. [Computer analysis, identification and graphic representation of ABR research--clinical audiometric system].  

PubMed

A microcomputer-based system for auditory evoked potentials and tonal audiometry. The software which directs stimulus generation, data recording, displaying and analysis is written in Pascal 5.5. The system hardware is commercially available and of own components. PMID:1437174

Fraczkowski, K; Kokot, K; Zapa?owicz, R

1992-01-01

287

Clearing a Path: The 16-Bit Operating System Jungle Offers Confusion, Not Standardization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the design and limited uses of the Pascal, MS-DOS, CP/M, and PC-DOS operating systems as standard operating systems for 16-bit microprocessors, especially with the more sophisticated microcomputers currently being developed. Advantages and disadvantages of Unix--a multitasking, multiuser operating system--as a standard operating system…

Pournelle, Jerry

1984-01-01

288

The Operating System Jungle: Finding a Common Path Keeps Getting More Difficult.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the computer field before the advent of CP/M (Control Program for Microcomputers), an operating system which facilitated compatibility between different computers. CP/M's functions and flaws and the advent of Apple DOS and UCSD Pascal, two additional widely used operating systems, and the significance of their development are also…

Pournelle, Jerry

1984-01-01

289

Software Package Supporting Ship Stability by using Catastrophe Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on using the results of Catastrophe Theory and its applications on ship stability in a form of software package. The package has guiding and warning aspects. A software package has been designed and programmed using the Turbo Pascal Ver. (7) on an IBM-PC. The package deals with ship stability through a practical method in terms of loading,

SEBAH A. Ali; Jabar H. Yousif; Khaldoun M. Batiha

2002-01-01

290

Bias in Computer Languages Comparisons: A FORTRAN Phobic Cabal?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The viability of the FORTRAN computer language and its relationship to other languages (such as PASCAL) were discussed. A library of C language and assembly language FORTRAN-callable subroutines, developed for the use of behavioral science researchers, was introduced. (Author/GDC)

Krus, David J.; Lu, Mei-Yan

1987-01-01

291

The Metamorphosis of an Introduction to Computer Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introductory courses in computer science at colleges and universities have undergone significant changes in 20 years. This article provides an overview of the history of introductory computer science (FORTRAN, ANSI flowchart symbols, BASIC, data processing concepts, and PASCAL) and its future (robotics and C++). (PEN)

Ben-Jacob, Marion G.

1997-01-01

292

Eliminating go to's while preserving program structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Suppose we want to eliminate the local go to statements of a Pascal program by replacing them with multilevel loop exit statements. The standard ground rules for eliminating go to's require that we preserve the flow graph of the program, but they allow us to completely rewrite the control structures that glue together the program's atomic tests and actions. The

Lyle Ramshaw

1988-01-01

293

An electromagnetic time-harmonic analysis of shielded microstrip circuits  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Galerkin analysis of microstrip circuits of arbitrary planar geometry enclosed in a rectangular conducting box is described. The technique entails a time-harmonic electromagnetic analysis evaluating all fields and surface currents. This analysis is suitable for the accurate verification of microstrip designs prior to fabrication. A computer program implementing the analysis has been written in Pascal on a personal computer.

JAMES C. RAUTIO; Roger F. Harrington

1987-01-01

294

Hydraulic Car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners build cars using syringes and water-powered hydraulics. Learners construct the car frame out of cardboard and set up a hydraulic system to raise and lower the car. Use this project to introduce learners to incompressible fluids and Pascal's Principle.

Workshop, Watsonville E.

2011-01-01

295

The Domino Effect: Problem Solving with Common Table Games.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Domino games are used to illustrate problem-solving techniques in a college principles-of-mathematics course. Students develop tables and use Pascal's triangle to find the total number of pips and the sum of numbers on the pieces. (DC)

Reimer, Wilbert

1989-01-01

296

Development of a mathematical model for continuous casting of steel slabs and billets  

Microsoft Academic Search

A mathematical model of continuous casting of steel slabs and billets that takes into account aspects relating to computer capacities was developed. The starting point for the model was the solution of a partial differential equation of heat conduction for different boundary conditions using the finite-difference method. A numerical solution technique was implemented via the Pascal and C computer programs

Tomaž Kolenko; Anton Jakli?; Jakob Lamut

2007-01-01

297

A reverse engineering methodology to reconstruct hierarchical data flow diagrams for software maintenance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The methodology used to define a reverse engineering process that has been employed in an enhancement maintenance operation on a Pascal software system is described. Attention is focused on the methodology used to produce, from code, a hierarchy of data-flow diagrams (DFDs) at different levels of abstraction. DFDs are produced in the high-level design phase of a software production process

P. Benedusi; A. Cimitile; U. De Carlini

1989-01-01

298

Dhrystone: a synthetic systems programming benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reflecting current data on the use of programming language constructs in systems programming, a synthetic benchmark is constructed based on the distribution appearing in the data. The benchmark executes 100 Ada statements that are balanced in terms of the distribution of statement types, data types, and data locality. Pascal and C versions of the benchmark are discussed.

Reinhold P. Weicker

1984-01-01

299

Student's Lab Assignments in PDE Course with MAPLE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer-aided software has been used intensively in many mathematics courses, especially in computational subjects, to solve initial value and boundary value problems in Partial Differential Equations (PDE). Many software packages were used in student lab assignments such as FORTRAN, PASCAL, MATLAB, MATHEMATICA, and MAPLE in order to accelerate…

Ponidi, B. Alhadi

300

Software design and documentation language: User's guide for SDDL release 4  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The changes introduced in the PASCAL implementation of the software design and documentation language are described. These changes include a number of new capabilities, plus some changes to make the language more consistent and easier to use. Incompatibilities with earlier versions are limited to certain of the directive statements.

Zepko, T. M.

1981-01-01

301

A Mechanically Derived Systolic Implementation of Pyramid Initialization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pyramidal algorithms manipulate hierarchical representations of data and are used in many image processing applications, for example, image segmentation and border extraction. We present a systolic network which performs the first phase of pyramidal algorithms: initialization. The derivation of the systolic solution is governed by a mechanical method whose input is a known Pascal-like pyramidal algorithm. After a few manual

Christian Lengauer; Bikash Sabata; Farshid Arman

1989-01-01

302

Chronicité, récidive et reprise du travail dans la lombalgie : facteurs communs de pronostic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. – To determine the common risk factors of recurrence, chronicity and non return to work in low back pain.Material and method. – A systematic review of the literature was done by searches of Medline, Embase, Pascal, the Cochrane database and also in the unindexed literature. Keywords used were low back pain, chronic, risk factors, recurrence, predictive value of tests,

F Fayad; M. M Lefevre-Colau; S Poiraudeau; J Fermanian; F Rannou; S Wlodyka Demaille; R Benyahya; M Revel

2004-01-01

303

Application of Computer Graphics to Graphing in Algebra and Trigonometry. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project was designed to improve the graphing competency of students in elementary algebra, intermediate algebra, and trigonometry courses at Virginia Commonwealth University. Computer graphics programs were designed using an Apple II Plus computer and implemented using Pascal. The software package is interactive and gives students control…

Morris, J. Richard

304

Self-assembly of the discrete Sierpinski carpet and related fractals  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is well known that the discrete Sierpinski triangle can be dened as the nonzero residues modulo 2 of Pascal's triangle, and that from this denition one can construct a tileset with which the discrete Sierpinski triangle self-assembles in Winfree's tile assembly model. In this paper we introduce an innite class of discrete self-similar fractals (a class that includes both

Steven M. Kautz; James I. Lathrop

2009-01-01

305

Self-assembly of the discrete Sierpinski carpet and related fractals (Preliminary version)  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is well known that the discrete Sierpinski triangle can be dened as the nonzero residues modulo 2 of Pascal's triangle, and that from this denition one can easily construct a tileset with which the discrete Sierpinski triangle self-assembles in Winfree's tile assembly model. In this paper we introduce an innite class of discrete self-similar fractals that are dened by

Steven M. Kautz; James I. Lathrop

306

M-Bonomial Coefficients and Their Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this note, we introduce M-bonomial coefficients or (M-bonacci binomial coefficients). These are similar to the binomial and the Fibonomial (or Fibonacci-binomial) coefficients and can be displayed in a triangle similar to Pascal's triangle from which some identities become obvious.

Asiru, Muniru A.

2010-01-01

307

Computer Series, 101: Accurate Equations of State in Computational Chemistry Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the use of computers in chemistry courses at the United States Military Academy. Provides two examples of computer projects: (1) equations of state, and (2) solving for molar volume. Presents BASIC and PASCAL listings for the second project. Lists 10 applications for physical chemistry. (MVL)

Albee, David; Jones, Edward

1989-01-01

308

Quantification of liver stiffness and viscosity with SDUV: In vivo animal study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measurement of liver elasticity (i.e., stiffness) can be used as a noninvasive alternative to liver biopsy to stage liver fibrosis, a condition afflicting hundreds of millions of patients worldwide. Quantitative measurement of stiffness (in unit of Pascal) is required because liver fibrosis is a diffuse disease where abnormality is not confined to a local region and there is no normal

Shigao Chen; Matthew W. Urban; J. F. Greenleaf; Yi Zheng; Aiping Yao

2008-01-01

309

Liver elasticity and viscosity quantification using shearwave dispersion ultrasound vibrometry (SDUV)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Noninvasive quantification of liver elasticity is a promising alternative to liver biopsy to stage liver fibrosis, a condition afflicting hundreds of millions of patients worldwide. Quantitative measurement of elasticity (in unit of Pascal) is required in this application because liver fibrosis is a diffuse disease where abnormality is not confined to a local region and there is no normal background

Shigao Chen; Matthew W. Urban; Cristina Pislaru; Randall Kinnick; J. F. Greenleaf

2009-01-01

310

Moving On  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pascal D. Forgione Jr., who has been the superintendent of the Austin Independent School District since August 1999, will retire in June. In the rough-and-tumble world of the urban superintendency, such long tenures are a relative rarity. As he prepares to leave the stage, Pat Forgione is being praised locally and nationally for his leadership in…

Aarons, Dakarai I.

2009-01-01

311

An Algorithm for Exact Fault-Tree Probabilities without Cut Sets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The algorithm presented in this paper, TDPP, is a top-down recursive algorithm to evaluate fault-tree probabilities. Unlike most existing methodologies, TDPP does not use cut sets, and it evaluates exact probabilities rather than approximations. Implemented in Pascal on a microcomputer, TDPP is sometimes competitive with truncation methodologies commonly used on mainframes. Even in the case of noncoherent fault trees with

Lavon B. Page; Jo Ellen Perry

1986-01-01

312

Melanges Pedagogiques (Pedagogical Mixture), 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1985 issue of the journal on second language teaching and learning contains four articles in French and three in English, including: "Lire et comprendre un texte informatif (Reading and understanding an Informative Text)" (Jacqueline Billant, Pascale Fade); "Les nouveaux diplomes de Francais Language Etrangere: Le D.E.L.F. et le D.A.L.F. (The…

Melanges Pedagogiques, 1985

1985-01-01

313

"Split and Fit": A Faculty Subgroup Self-Organizes and Creates a Different Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A team of graduate students and educational administration professors, as part of a field-based doctoral program, discovered the "split and fit" culture during an evaluation of the school's Continuous Progress Primary Program (CPPP). According to Pascale (1990), "split and fit" can work to an organization's benefit. Fit contributes to coherence,…

Furtwengler, Willis J.; Furtwengler, Carol B.; Owens, Melva; Turk, Randall

314

Living and Learning in EcCoWell Cities: Discussion Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These notes and questions have been prepared to promote discussion of the ideas set out in the Clarifying paper, "Living and learning in EcCoWell cities" to be found on the PASCAL International Exchanges (PIE) website. This Discussion Paper sets ten questions for discussion. We are hoping to encourage discussions of these issues around the world.

Kearns, Peter

2012-01-01

315

Space radiation studies. [Spacelab 2 Payload  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The overall data flow diagram for the nuclear radiation monitor to fly on Spacelab 2 was revised. The use of structured techniques for the software design appears to be working well. An example of the PASCAL pseudocode written to develop and document the software design is included.

1985-01-01

316

Comments on \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Table of Contents: Herbert Giersch, Gottfried Haberler, Jan Tumlir, Juergen B. Donges, Bela Balassa, Europe's Role in the World Economy; Fritz Machlup, Johann Schollhorn, Norbert Walter Pascal Salin, Roland Vaubel, Roads to Monetary Union; Willi Albers, Fritz Neumark, Carl S. Shoup, Dieter Biehl, Fiscal Harmonization; Dieter Biehl, Bela Balassa, Claus Noe, Sebastian Schnyder, The Scope of a Common Regional Policy;

Herbert Giersch; Gottfried Haberler; Jan Tumlir; Juergen B. Donges; Bela Balassa; Fritz Machlup; Johann Schollhorn; Norbert Walter; Pascal Salin; Roland Vaubel; Willi Albers; Fritz Neumark; Carl S. Shoup; Dieter Biehl; Claus Noe; Sebastian Schnyder; Adolf Weber; Tim Josling; Gerhard Prosi; Gerhard Fels; Klaus Stegemann

1975-01-01

317

Three programming languages widely available for microcomputers deserve attention from the foreign- language academic community because of their ease of use and their particular facility in manipulating language. PILOT, SNOBOL, and Logo are described and evaluated as tools for foreign-language CAI, and a small sample program in each language is given. A bibliography is included  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most programming languages would fail any reasonable test for user friendliness. BASIC, up to now the standard microcomputing language for computer non-professionals, can be daunting to those untrained in algorithmic thinking and manipulation of formal symbols. Higher-level languages like Pascal, C or Ada seem even less suited to computing novices. There are, however, programming languages that are relatively easy for

Ruth H. Sanders

318

A structured laboratory component for the introductory programming course  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the author's experience with using a structured laboratory to accompany a CS 1 course. A weekly 3-hour supervised lab period was used to help teach such topics as debugging techniques, program testing and commenting, stubs and drivers, structure charts, abstract data types, operator precedence, parameters, round-off errors, data files, and some of the details of certain Pascal

Darrah Chavey

1991-01-01

319

TAIGA: Twente Advanced Interactive Graphic Authoring System. A New Concept in Computer Assisted Learning (CAL) and Educational Research. Doc 88-18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

TAIGA (Twente Advanced Interactive Graphic Authoring system) is a system which can be used to develop instructional software. It is written in MS-PASCAL, and runs on computers that support MS-DOS. Designed to support the production of structured software, TAIGA has a hierarchical structure of three layers, each with a specific function, and each…

Pilot, A.

320

Laparoscopic Hysterectomy in the Treatment of Endometrial Cancer: A Systematic Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

We sought to compare the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy with or without lymphadenectomy and open surgery in women with endometrial cancer. A systematic review of the literature was undertaken. Bibliographic searches of the Health Technology Assessment, National Health Service Economic Evaluation, DARE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, MEDLINE, Embase, Pascal Biomed, and Cinahl databases were

Susana Granado de la Orden; M. Mercedes Reza; Juan A. Blasco; Elena Andradas; Daniel Callejo; Tirso Pérez

2008-01-01

321

Regular right part grammars and their parsers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces an alternative to context-free grammars called regular right part (RRP) grammars, which resemble PASCAL syntax diagrams. Formally, RRP grammars have production right parts, which are nondeterministic finite state machines (FSMs), and, as a special case, regular expression, since these can be converted to FSMs. RRP grammars describe the syntax of programming languages more concisely and more understandably

Wilf R. LaLonde

1977-01-01

322

Learning Cities as Healthy Green Cities: Building Sustainable Opportunity Cities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses a new generation of learning cities we have called EcCoWell cities (Economy, Community, Well-being). The paper was prepared for the PASCAL International Exchanges (PIE) and is based on international experiences with PIE and developments in some cities. The paper argues for more holistic and integrated development so that…

Kearns, Peter

2012-01-01

323

RatImage - research Assistance Toolbox for Computer-Aided Human Behavior Experiments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on RatImage, a toolbox specifically developed to simplify the programming of software used in computerized human behavior experiments. RatImage contains Borland Turbo Pascal constans, variables, functions, and procedures which, when used, relieve programmers of many tedious and complex tasks, like graphical output, keyboard handling, mouse control, file access, and network communication. The structure of the toolbox, its

Klaus Abbink; Abdolkarim Sadrieh

1995-01-01

324

User's manual for levelized power generation cost using a microcomputer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microcomputer programs for the estimation of levelized electrical power generation costs are described. Procedures for light-water reactor plants and coal-fired plants include capital investment cost, operation and maintenance cost, fuel cycle cost, nuclear decommissioning cost, and levelized total generation cost. Programs are written in Pascal and are run on an Apple II Plus microcomputer.

Fuller

1984-01-01

325

DSS/MIS (Decision Support Systems/Management Information Systems) Design and Implementation for LAMPS MK III Utilizing a Microcomputer and a Maintenance Personnel Assignment Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis is intended to act as an aid in the incorporation of a microcomputer into the daily activities of a LAMPS Mk III helicopter squadron; specifically HSL-43. It includes an application program utilizing a Pascal driver interfacting with a DBMS (D...

T. C. Jones J. E. Dolenti

1985-01-01

326

Molecular basis of bacterial virulence and survival within infected hosts and the environment.  

PubMed

The EMBO-FEBS lecture course on the 'Molecular Basis of Bacterial Virulence and Survival Within Infected Hosts and in the Environment', organized by Pascale Cossart, Efstathios Gonos and Roberto Kolter, was held on the island of Spetsai, Greece, September 3-13, 2002. PMID:12564985

Raupach, Bärbel; Reyrat, Jean-Marc

2002-12-01

327

An Applicable Family of Data Flow Testing Criteria  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors extend the definitions of the previously introduced family of data flow testing criteria to apply to programs written in a large subset of Pascal. They then define a family of adequacy criteria called feasible data flow testing criteria, which are derived from the data-flow testing criteria. The feasible data flow testing criteria circumvent the problem of nonapplicability of

Phyllis G. Frankl; Elaine J. Weyuker

1988-01-01

328

Melanges Pedagogiques (Pedagogical Mixture), 1984.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1984 issue of the journal on second language teaching and learning contains five articles in French and two in English. These include the following: "Enseignement individuel vs. enseignement de masse (Individual Instruction vs. Large Group Instruction)" (Jacqueline Billant, Pascal Fade); "Systemes 'autonomisants' d'apprentissage des langues…

Melanges Pedagogiques, 1984

1984-01-01

329

Relationships Between WAIS Verbal Versus Performance Decrements and Bender-Gestalt Errors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Subjects with higher verbal than performance IQ's achieved significantly poorer Pascal-Suttell Bender-Gestalt scores than subjects with higher performance over verbal IQ's. The latter subjects were more likely to have dropped out of high school and to have spent some time in prison. (Author/RD)

Wagner, Edwin E.; McCormick, Mary Kathleen

1982-01-01

330

Mechanics of Nanotubes and Nanotube-Polymer Composites  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

CNT is a tubular form of carbon with diameter as small as 1 nm. Length: few nm to microns. CNT is configurationally equivalent to a two dimensional graphene sheet rolled into a tube. CNT exhibits extraordinary mechanical properties: Young's modulus over 1 Tera Pascal, as stiff as diamond, and tensile strength approx. 200 GPa. CNT can be metallic or semiconducting, depending on chirality.

Srivastava, Deepak; Wei, Cheng-Yu; Cho, Kyeong-Jae; Menon, Madhu; Osman, Mohamed; Biegel, Bryan A. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

331

Numerical recipes, The art of scientific computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seventeen chapter are divided into 130 sections provide a self-contained treatment that derives, critically discusses, and actually implements over 200 of the most important numerical algorithms for scientific work. Each algorithm is presented both in FORTRAN and Pascal, with the source programs printed in the book itself. The scope of Numerical Recipes ranges from standard areas of numerical analysis (linear

B. P. Flannery; S. Teukolsky; W. T. Vetterling

1986-01-01

332

Expected utility expressed in terms of moments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following a review of the problem of establishing a preference ordering over a set of distributions, the principles of Pascal, Bernoulli and Tetens are discussed. The second section of the paper outlines ways of expressing expected utility in terms of moments, thus combining the Bernoulli and Tetens principles. The paper concludes by suggesting that the Tetens principle contains some very

Karl Borch

1973-01-01

333

Where Do Interjections Come From? A Psycholinguistic Analysis of Shaw's "Pygmalion"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Starting from our recent findings regarding emotional and initializing functions of interjections in TV and radio interviews (Kowal & O'Connell, 2004b; O'Connell & Kowal, in press; O'Connell, Kowal, & Ageneau, 2005), we used the book and script of Shaw (1916/1969) and the audiotape of the motion picture (Pascal, Asquith, & Howard, 1938) Pygmalion…

O'Connell, Daniel C.; Kowal, Sabine

2005-01-01

334

Investigation of the rate-controlling mechanism(s) for high temperature creep and the relationship between creep and melting by use of high pressure as a variable  

SciTech Connect

Using high pressure as a variable, the rate-controlling mechanism for high temperature creep and the relationship between creep and melting is investigated for silicon and nickel. An apparatus is used in which the samples are heated to melting point and subjected to 1 to 3 GigaPascal pressure. The stress behavior of the materials are then studied.

Not Available

1991-01-01

335

Investigation of the rate-controlling mechanism(s) for high temperature creep and the relationship between creep and melting by use of high pressure as a variable. Progress report  

SciTech Connect

Using high pressure as a variable, the rate-controlling mechanism for high temperature creep and the relationship between creep and melting is investigated for silicon and nickel. An apparatus is used in which the samples are heated to melting point and subjected to 1 to 3 GigaPascal pressure. The stress behavior of the materials are then studied.

Not Available

1991-12-31

336

Deranged Exams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses a triangle of numbers that are related to the derangement numbers. These numbers satisfy a Pascal-like recurrence relation with subtraction instead of addition. We describe how they relate to numbers studied by other authors and use them to generalize Euler's famous recurrence relation for the derangement numbers.

Spivey, Michael Z.

2010-01-01

337

Kelp Forest  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video from Jean Michel Cousteau: Ocean Adventures, describes the unique, interdependent characteristics of an underwater kelp forest ecosystem and explores the delicate balance of life between sea otters, urchins, and the kelp plant.

Kqed

2009-04-16

338

Session III: Biological Sciences — Biodiversity — Sustainability  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This morning’s session deals with the life sciences—biological sciences, biodiversity and sustainability. The first speaker\\u000a is Professor Jean-Pierre Changeux, 2001 Balzan Prize-laureate in cognitive neuroscience.

Jean-Pierre Changeux; Robert McCredie May; Marco Baggiolini

339

EAGLE: galaxy evolution with the E-ELT  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Chris Evans, Simon Morris, Jean-Gabriel Cuby, Matt Lehnert, Mark Swinbank and Mathieu Puech describe an instrument that could bring distant galaxies and stellar populations within reach of the European Extremely Large Telescope.

Evans, Chris; Morris, Simon; Swinbank, Mark; Cuby, Jean-Gabriel; Lehnert, Matthew; Puech, Mathieu

2010-04-01

340

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, 2005: Haiti.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Haiti is a republic with a constitution that calls for an elected president and a bicameral legislature. Its population is approximately 8 million. After then President Jean Bertrand Aristide resigned and departed the country in February 2004, Boniface Al...

2006-01-01

341

Genetics Home Reference: Leigh syndrome  

MedlinePLUS

... Jean region of Quebec, Canada. What are the genetic changes related to Leigh syndrome? Leigh syndrome can ... Center . Where can I find general information about genetic conditions? The Handbook provides basic information about genetics ...

342

Evaporation of the Solar Corona into Interplanetary Space.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A simple kinetic theory model of the interplanetary gaseous medium based on the evaporation of particles from the solar coronal exosphere is considered, using Jeans' equation for the escape of gases from planetary atmospheres. The exosphere is fixed in th...

H. K. Sen

1965-01-01

343

Dandruff  

MedlinePLUS

... types (containing ketoconazole, selenium sulfide, 2% pyrithione zinc, salicylic acid, or tar), and one may work better than ... topically Ketoconazole shampoo or cream Trusted Links MedlinePlus: Skin Conditions References Bolognia, Jean L., ed. Dermatology , p. ...

344

78 FR 20926 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Providing Postmarket Periodic Safety Reports in the International...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, Rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jean Chung, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 22, Rm....

2013-04-08

345

The Mountain Lion: An Initiation Story for Both Sexes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents guidelines for using Jean Stafford's initiation story in high school literature classes. Describes a story that has humor, warmth, and a richness of theme that is appealing to both boys and girls. (NKA)

Plummer, Carolyn K.

1986-01-01

346

7. EXTERIOR, SIDE VIEW FROM GARDEN SHOWING GRAPE ARBOR undated ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. EXTERIOR, SIDE VIEW FROM GARDEN SHOWING GRAPE ARBOR undated - Jean Baptiste Valle House, 99 South Main Street (Northwest corner of Main & Market Streets), Sainte Genevieve, Ste. Genevieve County, MO

347

Toddler development  

MedlinePLUS

Toddlers are children ages 1 - 3. THEORIES Jean Piaget, in the cognitive (thought) development theory, includes the following: Early use of instruments or tools Following visual (then later, invisible) ...

348

The Truth with Some Stretchers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the biographies of Jean Fritz, demonstrating that in the hands of an artist, biography benefits from the use of the conjectural tools of fiction, such as created dialogue or interior monologue. (ARH)

Girard, Linda W.

1988-01-01

349

77 FR 59002 - Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Housing and Urban Development announces the appointments of, Maurice A. Jones, Michael A. Anderson, Mary K. Kinney, Jean Lin Pao, and Susan J. Shuback as members of the Departmental Performance Review Board. The address is: Department of Housing...

2012-09-25

350

'A Sense of One's Own Potential'--Proceedings of the Reading Maturity: Self-Awareness Workshop, June 6-10, 1977.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This workshop, sponsored by the Department of Instructional Media, Utah State University, gave special consideration to the relationship between the art and science of reading, and developing self-awareness. Dr. Jean E. Lowrie addressed her papers to read...

B. Branyan

1977-01-01

351

78 FR 56993 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Jean-Pierre G. Brefort (CT); Paul W. Dawson (CO); James A. Ellis (NY); Gary D. Hallman (AL); Edward J. Kasper...Tim M. Seavy (IN); David R. Thomas (AL); James T. Butler, Jr. (TX); Jimmy W. Deadwyler...

2013-09-16

352

Piaget, Marx and the Political Ideology of Schooling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines Jean Piaget's developmental theories and evaluates how his psychology of constructivism relates to contemporary behavioral sciences, modern education, and modern monopoly capitalism. Concludes that Piaget's constructivism is inconsistent with capitalist ideology and is widely misunderstood by educators. (DB)

Kaufman, Barry A.

1978-01-01

353

Piaget and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of Science and Education and the Psychology of the Child (Grossman, 1970) by Jean Piaget and Educational Implications of Piaget's Theory (Ginn-Blaisdell, 1970) by Irene J. Athey and Duane O. Rubadeau. (CK)

Gelman, Rochel

1971-01-01

354

Constructivism--Rediscovering the Discovered.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an historical perspective on the theory of constructivism and its application to science education in museum settings. Reviews the contributions of John Dewey and Jean Piaget to theories of learning associated with constructivist thought. (DDR)

Cole, Peggy Ruth

1995-01-01

355

78 FR 68464 - Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Towanda A. Brooks, Kenneth M. Leventhal, Susan J. Shuback, Jemine A. Bryon, Stanley A. Gimont, John P. Benison, David R. Ziaya, Damon Y. Smith, Mary K. Kinney, Charles S. Coulter, Jean Lin Pao, Ricky T. Valentine, and Mary E....

2013-11-14

356

78 FR 64248 - Notice Pursuant to The National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993; DVD Copy Control...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CyberLink Corporation, Shindian City, Taipei, TAIWAN; D&M Holdings...PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA; Smart Electronics Manufacturing Service Philippine, Calamba City, Laguna, PHILIPPINES; SoJean...International Co., Ltd., His-Chih City, Taipei Hsien, TAIWAN;...

2013-10-28

357

Division of Chemistry Newsletter No. 4 February, 2004  

NSF Publications Database

... El-Sayed, Jean Futrell, Peter Green, and Carl Lineberger. We are grateful to these individuals for ... Hixson, Carol Korzeniewski, Robert Kuczkowski, Carl Lineberger, Lindsey Rich, and Alfons Weber. This ...

358

To Err Is Human, To Forgive, Parsonian.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responds to an earlier comment by R. Jean Hills regarding the correct use of Parsonian concepts. Notes the difficulty of presenting Parsons' theory and quotes several sources supporting his interpretation of the functions of a system's managerial level. (RW)

Boyd, William Lowe

1983-01-01

359

76 FR 66361 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...JAN H ELARDO MARK ALLEN ELKIN SARAH...MICHAEL HEALEY EDWARD JAMES HEALEY SARAH ANGELA HELM EVA...MELVIN STEPHEN JENKINS MEYER BARBARA JEAN MII MITSUKO...GARY V QUEEN BRENDA JANE QUEK SARAH YING HUI QUINN EMMA JANE...

2011-10-26

360

Lead Test  

MedlinePLUS

... house built before 1978, especially when using power sanders or other work practices that generate lead-contaminated ... www.ehow.com . Accessed April 2012. Wengrovitz, Anne M. and Brown, Mary Jean. Recommendations for Blood Lead ...

361

Europeanization of the Hospital Markets - Opportunities and Risks for German Hospitals (Europaeisierung des Krankenhausmarkets - Chancen und Risiken fuer deutsche Krankenhaeuser).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Topics: Risks and opportunities in the German Hospitals enlarged European Union -- Dr. Dieter Thomae; European view from the hospital markets of Bavarian State Government -- Dr. Gerhard Knorr; DRG'S in Europe -- Prof. Dr. Jean-Marie Rodrigues; Benchmarkin...

G. Neubauer

2004-01-01

362

Teacher Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Resources for Preschool Teachers in the classroom. This link will have emotion faces and a tool to create a solution box for student use. Behavior This is the home page to Positive Behavior Intervention System PBIS Entering data for check points Creative Curriculum NAYEC national page along with the IA page NAEYC IA AEYC Dr. Jean's main page with some YouTube songs Dr. Jean ...

Miller, Heather

2011-12-13

363

Theorie der kognitiven Entwicklung  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Dieser Artikel ist ein Versuch, nach vierzig Jahren intensiver Beschäftigung die hauptsächlichsten Einsichten, enthalten in\\u000a Jean Piagets Werk, zu einem kohärente Modell zusammenzufassen. Es handelt sich also um eine Interpretation, die auf weit verstreuten\\u000a Hinweisen beruht. Wo immer möglich habe ich Jean Piaget für sich selber sprechen lassen. Aber da ist auch manches, was sich\\u000a nicht durch bündige Zitate belegen

Ernst Glasersfeld

364

Self-gravitational instability in magnetized finitely conducting viscoelastic fluid  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The linear self-gravitational instability of finitely conducting, magnetized viscoelastic fluid is investigated using the modified generalized hydrodynamic (GH) model. A general dispersion relation is obtained with the help of linearized perturbation equations using the normal mode analysis and it is discussed for longitudinal and transverse modes of propagation. In longitudinal propagation, we find that Alfven mode is uncoupled with the gravitating mode. The Jeans criterion of instability is determined which depends upon shear viscosity and bulk viscosity while it is independent of magnetic field. The viscoelastic effects modify the fundamental Jeans criterion of gravitational instability. In transverse mode of propagation, the Alfven mode couples with the acoustic mode, compressional viscoelastic mode and gravitating mode. The growth rate of Jeans instability is compared in weakly coupled plasma (WCP) and strongly coupled plasma (SCP) which is larger for SCP in both the modes of propagations. The presence of finite electrical resistivity removes the effect of magnetic field in the condition of Jeans instability and expression of critical Jeans wavenumber. It is found that Mach number and shear viscosity has stabilizing while finite electrical resistivity has destabilizing influence on the growth rate of Jeans instability.

Prajapati, R. P.; Chhajlani, R. K.

2013-04-01

365

Portable EDITOR (PEDITOR): A portable image processing system. [satellite images  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The PEDITOR image processing system was created to be readily transferable from one type of computer system to another. While nearly identical in function and operation to its predecessor, EDITOR, PEDITOR employs additional techniques which greatly enhance its portability. These cover system structure and processing. In order to confirm the portability of the software system, two different types of computer systems running greatly differing operating systems were used as target machines. A DEC-20 computer running the TOPS-20 operating system and using a Pascal Compiler was utilized for initial code development. The remaining programmers used a Motorola Corporation 68000-based Forward Technology FT-3000 supermicrocomputer running the UNIX-based XENIX operating system and using the Silicon Valley Software Pascal compiler and the XENIX C compiler for their initial code development.

Angelici, G.; Slye, R.; Ozga, M.; Ritter, P.

1986-01-01

366

PROLOG for programmers  

SciTech Connect

This book is an introduction to PROLOG, its use and implementation, assumes the reader has some programming experience and relates the unconventional PROLOG constructs to the programming methods and techniques used in, say, PASCAL, thus helping to cross the psychological barrier between the two approaches. The book is practically oriented but avoids irritating the more sophisticated reader with the boring repetitions of obvious, elementary methods and procedures found in many introductory level texts. The version of PROLOG used is almost identical to the widely accepted Edinburgh PROLOG (the few differences are documented). The book includes: an introduction to PROLOG; programming techniques in PROLOG; the principles of implementing PROLOG systems; a description of a PROLOG interpreter for small computers (written in PASCAL and PROLOG) with complete listings; two case studies in PROLOG applications (a planning program by D.H.D. Warren and an implementation of Sequel-like database query language) with complete listings; a short overview of some important PROLOG dialects.

Kluzniak, F.; Szpakowicz, S.

1985-01-01

367

Astronomy on the Personal Computer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This successful textbook by O. Montenbruck and T. Pfleger provides the reader with practical solutions to a variety of astronomical problems. The book includes both astronomical fundamentals and technical know-how for an implementation of high-quality software. Each chapter is carefully structured according to topic and closes with a listing of a relevant program, thereby facilitating use as a practical handbook. The enclosed diskette contains source texts of all programs for Turbo Pascal on IBM-compatible PCs or Pure Pascal on Atari ST/TT computers. For the new edition these programs have also been made accessible using Windows. Furthermore, an input file for the OCCULT program is now included containing the stars of the Zodiacal Catalogue by Robertson.

Montenbruck, Oliver; Pfleger, Thomas; Dunlop, S.

368

Distributing program entities in Ada  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In any discussion of distributing programs and entities of programs written in a high order language (HOL), certain issues need to be included because they are generally independent of the particular language involved and have a direct impact on the feasibility of distribution. Of special interest is the distribution of Ada program entities, but many of the issues involved are not specific to Ada and would require resolution whether written in PASCAL, PL/1, Concurrent PASCAL, HAL/S, or any language which provides similar functionality. The following sections will enumerate some of these issues, and will show in what ways they relate to Ada. Also, some (but by no means all) of the issues involved in the distribution of Ada programs and program entities will be discussed.

Rogers, Patrick; Mckay, Charles W.

1986-01-01

369

Low frost-point humidity generator. [calibration facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A low frost-point humidity generator has been developed at NBS to provide a capability for calibration, testing, and research at very low levels of water vapor content in such gases as atmospheric air, carbon dioxide and nitrogen. The generator produces frost points from -30 to -100 C at ambient pressures from 500 to 200,000 pascals (0.005 to 2 atm.). This is equivalent to mixing ratios of 4 micrograms to 51 grams of water vapor per kilogram of dry air and to vapor pressures of .0014 to 38 pascals. The generated test gas can be fed to a test chamber with independent temperature control between +25 and -100 C. The uncertainty of the frost point in the test chamber is estimated not to exceed 0.05 deg C.

Greenspan, L.

1973-01-01

370

Vectorized hidden-surface algorithm implemented on the Cray-2 supercomputer. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

Recent developments in scientific computing have prompted the need for supercomputer graphics research. These developments include the requirement to visualize large amounts of data processed by the supercomputer, preferably by real-time image generation. Unfortunately, most currently used graphics algorithms are not optimized for vector computers. This thesis involves the design and implementation of a hidden-surface removal algorithm for the Cray-2 vector supercomputer, with the goal of real-time image display. A z-buffer hidden-surface algorithm, written in Pascal, was vectorized and implemented on the Cray-2. Special attention was directed toward the methodology of algorithm and data-structure design to exploit the Cray-2 architecture. Timing studies comparing the vector version to the equivalent scalar version showed that, while tha Pascal vector code produced localized speedups, the vector code was less efficient than the scalar code.

Donehower, R.

1988-12-01

371

XML does Real Programmers a Service  

SciTech Connect

As the sun slowly sets of this first decade of the new millenium, it seems appropriate to update the sojourn of the real programmers as they adapt to their ever changing technical and business environment. Real Programmers were perfectly characterized and differentiated from their quiche-eating, Pascal programming brethren in Ed Post’s seminal “Real Programmers Don’t Use Pascal” (Datamation, 1983). My follow-up ("Real programmers do use Delphi," Software, IEEE , vol.12, no.6, pp.8, 10, 12-, Nov 1995) charted their evolution from FORTRAN-only programmers to embracing a wider range of mainstream languages and tools that still afforded ample opportunity for creativity, game-playing, irregular work hours, and importantly, long-term job security.

Gorton, Ian

2008-09-01

372

Virtual reality aided training of combined arm and leg movements of children with CP.  

PubMed

Cerebral palsy (CP) occurs in over 2 out of 1000 live births and can impair motor control and cognition. Our goal was to create a robotic rehabilitation environment that mimics real-life situations by allowing simultaneous exercise of upper and lower limbs. We chose to use the Lokomat as a gait robot and added a novel removable arm robot, called PASCAL (pediatric arm support robot for combined arm and leg training), that was integrated into the Lokomat environment. We also added a virtual reality (VR) environment that enables the subject to perform motivating game-like scenarios incorporating combined arm and leg movements. In this paper we summarize the design of PASCAL and present the novel virtual environment including first experimental results. The next step will be to test whether a combined application of the virtual environment and the two simultaneously working robots is feasible in healthy participants, and finally to clinically evaluate the entire system on children with CP. PMID:23400183

Riener, Robert; Dislaki, Evangelia; Keller, Urs; Koenig, Alexander; Van Hedel, Hubertus; Nagle, Aniket

2013-01-01

373

Database interfaces on NASA's heterogeneous distributed database system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of Distributed Access View Integrated Database (DAVID) interface module (Module 9: Resident Primitive Processing Package) is to provide data transfer between local DAVID systems and resident Data Base Management Systems (DBMSs). The result of current research is summarized. A detailed description of the interface module is provided. Several Pascal templates were constructed. The Resident Processor program was also developed. Even though it is designed for the Pascal templates, it can be modified for templates in other languages, such as C, without much difficulty. The Resident Processor itself can be written in any programming language. Since Module 5 routines are not ready yet, there is no way to test the interface module. However, simulation shows that the data base access programs produced by the Resident Processor do work according to the specifications.

Huang, Shou-Hsuan Stephen

1987-01-01

374

Epistemic game for answer making in learning about hydrostatics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Previous research into problem solving in physics resulted in researchers introducing six epistemic games to describe the organizational structures of locally coherent resources. We present a new epistemic game—the “answer-making epistemic game”—which was identified in this paper through the analysis of interviews carried out to validate a survey focusing on students’ understanding of Archimedes’ principle and Pascal’s law. In the game, the ultimate goal is a solution to a problem posed by the survey. Students may remember or intuit an answer, then use conceptual and/or mathematical reasoning to justify it. Alternately, they may use conceptual and/or mathematical reasoning to generate an answer. We demonstrate how students generate their solutions using these two different paths and discuss some implications for instruction.

Chen, Ying; Irving, Paul W.; Sayre, Eleanor C.

2013-06-01

375

ALT3 Target & CMU Version 4  

Microsoft Academic Search

The third Advance Liner Technology (ALT-3) experiment is the next in a long tradition of collaborations between LANL and RFNC\\/VNIIEF in high-explosive pulsed-power. Here a VNIIEF provided Disk Explosive Magnetic Generator (DEMG) will drive a LANL provided experimental load and diagnostic package. The objective of the experiment is to explore the use of a cylindrical liner-ontarget in tera-Pascal equation of

Jeffrey R Griego; Walter L. Atchison; David Holtkamp; David M. Oro; Robert E. Reinovsky; Christopher L. Rousculp; Leonard J. Tabaka

2012-01-01

376

CREATE-LIFE: a modular design approach for high performance ASICs  

Microsoft Academic Search

CREATE-LIFE (Compiler for REgular ArchiTEcture, Long Instruction Format Engine) is an architecture-specific design approach for CMOS VLSI based on block modularity and architecture regularity. It takes as input a description of the function to be performed by a VLSI circuit using general-purpose. Pascal-like programming language and a description of the particular LIFE architecture instance. The output is the CMOS layout

Junien Labrousse; Gerrit A. Slavenburg

1990-01-01

377

Simulating A Factory Via Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software system generates simulation program from user's responses to questions. AMPS/PC system is simulation software tool designed to aid user in defining specifications of manufacturing environment and then automatically writing code for target simulation language, GPSS/PC. Domain of problems AMPS/PC simulates is that of manufacturing assembly lines with subassembly lines and manufacturing cells. Written in Turbo Pascal Version 4.

Schroer, Bernard J.; Zhang, Shou X.; Tseng, Fan T.

1990-01-01

378

Dynamic data structures and concurrency in a real-time data acquisition system  

SciTech Connect

We report on our efforts in developing an innovative real-time data acquisition system that makes extensive use of dynamic data structures, concurrency and state machine features. The Data Acquisition Command Language developed at the Los Alamos Weapons Neutron Research (WNR) Facility is a Pascal-based system that incorporates these features to maximize system performance, reliability and adapability while supporting a consistent, familiar and comfortable user interface. The details and benefits of the implementation philosophy and underlying structures are discussed.

Cort, G.; Goldstone, J.A.; Nelson, R.O.; Poore, R.V.; Miller, L.; Barrus, D.M.

1985-01-01

379

Graph based retargetable microcode compilation in the MIMOLA design system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a retargetable compiler, which is able to compile programs into the machine code of a specified hardware (target). The target is described at register-transfer structure level by module specifications and netlists. The program can be defined at several levels of abstraction, spanning the range from algorithmic description (e.g. PASCAL) down to RT-level behavioural description. If the program

Lothar Nowak; W. Germany

1987-01-01

380

A New Synthesis Algorithm for the MIMOLA Software System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The MIMOLA software system is a system for the design of digital processors. The system includes subsystems for retargetable microcode generation, automatic generation of self-test programs and a synthesis subsystem. This paper describes the synthesis part of the system, which accepts a PASCAL-like, high-level program as specification and produces a register transfer structure. Because of the complexity of this design

Peter Marwedel; W. Germany

1986-01-01

381

School time table scheduling in Prolog  

Microsoft Academic Search

The school Time-Table Scheduling task is a very hard operations research and engineering problem, especially when-implemented in a conventional language. That is due to the imperative, deterministic nature of most conventional languages, such as BASIC and PASCAL and to the long series of constraints and goals inside the problem. The descriptive, logic-based and nondeterministic nature of Prolog language, and its

A Monfroglio

1986-01-01

382

NIRIM two-stage light–gas gun and equation of state of carbides  

Microsoft Academic Search

The NIRIM two-stage light–gas gun was installed in 1994 and has been developed to generate subtera Pascal dynamic pressures. We present recent progress in the gun operation using hydrogen as a driving gas. During the course of test shots, Hugoniots of SiC and TiC carbides have been determined. The Hugoniot measured for SiC indicates a phase transition of around 100

T Sekine; T Kobayashi

1999-01-01

383

Sludge Incineration Model (SIM) (for microcomputers). Model-Simulation  

SciTech Connect

The model is a computer program for calculation of numeric criteria for incineration of sewage sludge under sewage-sludge regulations at 40 CFR Part 503. Software Description: The model is written in the Turbo Pascal programming language for use on an IBM XT/AT or compatible machines using DOS 2.2+ operating system. It requires a minimum of 640K of memory. Special requirements are the 8087 or 80287 Math Co-Processor and a Graphics Display Adapter.

Crumpler, G.

1989-04-01

384

Generating Semi-Markov Models Automatically  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Abstract Semi-Markov Specification Interface to SURE Tool (ASSIST) program developed to generate semi-Markov model automatically from description in abstract, high-level language. ASSIST reads input file describing failure behavior of system in abstract language and generates Markov models in format needed for input to Semi-Markov Unreliability Range Evaluator (SURE) program (COSMIC program LAR-13789). Facilitates analysis of behavior of fault-tolerant computer. Written in PASCAL.

Johnson, Sally C.

1990-01-01

385

Commission 51: Bioastronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Commission 51 met on August 12, 2009. Outgoing President Alan Boss chaired the meeting, and there were several dozen members present, including incoming President William Irvine, incoming Vice President Pascale Ehrenfreund, and outgoing Past President Karen Meech. Commission 51 (C51) was re-authorized for a term of six more years at the 2006 Prague General Assembly of the IAU, and hence comes up for renewal at the 2012 IAU General Assembly in Beijing, China.

Irvine, William; Ehrenfreund, Pascale; Boss, Alan; Cosmovici, Cristiano; Kwok, Sun; Levasseur-Regourd, Anny-Chantal; Morrison, David; Udry, Stephane

2010-05-01

386

Software For Integer Programming  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Improved Exploratory Search Technique for Pure Integer Linear Programming Problems (IESIP) program optimizes objective function of variables subject to confining functions or constraints, using discrete optimization or integer programming. Enables rapid solution of problems up to 10 variables in size. Integer programming required for accuracy in modeling systems containing small number of components, distribution of goods, scheduling operations on machine tools, and scheduling production in general. Written in Borland's TURBO Pascal.

Fogle, F. R.

1992-01-01

387

Effects of ambient and acute partial pressures of ozone on leaf net CO sub 2 assimilation of field-grown Vitis vinifera L  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mature, field-grown Vitis vinifera L. grapevines grown in open-top chambers were exposed to either charcoal-filtered air or ambient ozone partial pressures throughout the growing season. Individual leaves also were exposed to ozone partial pressures of 0.2, 0.4, or 0.6 micropascals per pascal for 5 hours. No visual ozone damage was found on leaves exposed to any of the treatments. Chronic

T. R. Roper; L. E. Williams

1989-01-01

388

MAXIMA-1: A Measurement of the Cosmic Microwave Background Anisotropy on Angular Scales of 10' to 5 degrees  

DOE R&D Accomplishments Database

Ade, P.; Balbi, A.; Bock, J.; Borrill, J.; Boscaleri, A.; de Bernardis, P.; Ferreira, P. G.; Hanany, S.; Hristov, V. V.; Jaffe, A. H.; Lange, A. E.; Lee, A. T.; Mauskopf, P. D.; Netterfield, C. B.; Oh, S.; Pascale, E.; Rabii, B.; Richards, P. L.; Smoot, G. F.; Stompor, R.; Winant,C. D.; Wu, J. H. P.; June 04, 2005; LBNL--60038; ACC0186

2005-06-04

389

Program for Generating Graphs and Charts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Office Automation Pilot (OAP) Graphics Database system offers IBM personal computer user assistance in producing wide variety of graphs and charts and convenient data-base system, called chart base, for creating and maintaining data associated with graphs and charts. Thirteen different graphics packages available. Access graphics capabilities obtained in similar manner. User chooses creation, revision, or chartbase-maintenance options from initial menu; Enters or modifies data displayed on graphic chart. OAP graphics data-base system written in Microsoft PASCAL.

Ackerson, C. T.

1986-01-01

390

Conic Sections (Visual Dictionary of Special Plane Curves)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A discussion of the history of conic sections, one of the oldest math subjects studied systematically and thoroughly, with a description, formulas, properties, a proof, Mathematica notebooks, the ellipse seen as a circle, second degree curves, intersection of circles, orthogonal conics, Pascal's Theorem and Brianchon's Theorem, and related sites. Illustrations, including one showing the intersections of parallel planes and a double cone, forming ellipses, parabolas, and hyperbolas respectively. Hosted by the Math Forum.

Lee, Xah

2007-12-21

391

Drought variability in the western Great Plains: Synoptic associations of environmental drought  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research defined environmental drought as persistent moisture deficit recorded as reduced annual ring widths in Ponderosa pines. Reconstructed Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) values more negative than -2 indicated environmental drought in the western Great Plains (1790-1989). The study identified precedent mean growing-season 500-hecto-Pascal pressure-surface synoptic change associated with environmental drought from 1946 to 1989. Drought distribution patterns, growing-season

Martha Adele Narey

1999-01-01

392

Vacuum refining copper melts to remove bismuth, arsenic, and antimony  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experiments were carried out on 35 kg melts of doped cathode copper and anode copper in a 3 m3, 150 kW vacuum induction furnace. Rates of removal of bismuth, arsenic, and antimony were measured over temperature and pressure\\u000a ranges of 1450 to 1610 K and 3 to 30 pascals, respectively. Bismuth removal was found to be rapid: 1 to 18

Ralph Harris

1984-01-01

393

A kinetic model for the vacuum refining of inductively stirred copper melts  

Microsoft Academic Search

An experimental investigation into the removal of impurities (bismuth, lead, arsenic, and antimony) from baths of molten copper\\u000a (blister, anode and cathode type copper) under vacuum was carried out. A pilot scale vacuum induction melting facility was\\u000a used for these tests. The effects of (1) vacuum levels of 8.0 to 40.0 Pascals, (2) melt temperatures of 1150 to 1350 °C,

E. Ozberk; R. I. L. Guthrie

1986-01-01

394

Synthesis algorithm for minimal components in T-ulm networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

An algorithm has been developed and programmed in Pascal to design T-ULM networks for MVL systems with up to 6 r-valued inputs (r from 2 to 5). The algorithm is based on a special form of T-ULM formed from threshold detectors and switches. The objective of the algorithm is to minimize the total number of components (thresholds and switches) and

P. Klinkhachorn; R. Swartwout

1983-01-01

395

Less is more. Why Oberon beats mainstream in complex applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The second part of the two-part account of the enabling technologies behind a successful completion of the Troitsk-nu-mass experiment, summarizes an almost 20 years' experience of using Oberon/Component Pascal in complex applications ranging from the cutting-edge computer algebra (b-quark decays etc.) to experimental data processing (neutrino mass etc.) to exploratory algorithm design work (the optimal jet finder etc.) to systematic computer science education (the international project Informatika-21).

Tkachov, F. V.

2014-06-01

396

Cognitive characteristics of learning Java, an object-oriented programming language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industry and Academia are moving from procedural programming languages (e.g., COBOL) to object-oriented programming languages, such as Java for the Internet. Past studies in the cognitive aspects of programming have focused primarily on procedural programming languages. Some of the languages used have been Pascal, C, Basic, FORTAN, and COBOL. Object-oriented programming (OOP) represents a new paradigm for computing. Industry is

Garry Lynn White

2001-01-01

397

Discrete polynomial transform representation using binary matrices and flow diagrams  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new method for computing discrete polynomial transforms. The method is shown for the Hermite, binomial, and Laguerre transforms. The new method factors Pascal's matrix into binary matrices. Constructing the flow diagrams for the transform matrices requires only additions and N-2 multipliers for N-point Hermite and binomial transforms, and 2N multipliers for an N-point Laguerre transform. The

Maurice F. Aburdene; Richard J. Kozick; Ryan S. Magargle; Justin D. Maloney-Hahn; Christian M. Coviello

2001-01-01

398

Design and Evaluation of a 2D Array PIN Photodiode Bump Bonded to Readout IC for the Low Energy X-ray Detector  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 2D array radiation sensor, consisting of an array of PIN photodiodes bump bonded to readout integrated circuit (IC), has been developed for operation with low energy X-rays. The PIN photodiode array and readout IC for this system have been fabricated. The main performance measurements are the following: a few pA-scale leakage current, 350 pF junction capacitance, 30 mum-depth depletion

Sunwoo Yuk; Shin-Woong Park; Yun Yi

2006-01-01

399

Self-Assessment Procedure XXIII: programming languages  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the 23rd Self-Assessment Procedure.1 The purpose of this procedure is to let its readers test their knowledge of some of the more important features of significant programming languages. The features of imperative languages like Fortran, Algol 60, PL\\/I, Pascal, Modula-2, C, and Ada considered are data types, data structures, control structures, program units, scope of names, and parameter

Mitchell H. Clifton

1995-01-01

400

Generating incremental attribute evaluators  

Microsoft Academic Search

In onze maatschappij wordt tegenwoordig veel met software, dat wil zeggen com-\\u000aputerprogramma's, gewerkt. Denk daarbij niet alleen aan tekstverwerkers, maar\\u000aook aan software in geldautomaten, videorecorders en het administratiesysteem\\u000avan de scus.\\u000aSoftware moet geschreven worden. Programmeurs schrijven software in zoge-\\u000aheten hogere programmeertalen, waarvan Pascal, C, Basic, Cobol en Fortran de\\u000abekenste zijn. Zulke programmeertalen nemen tijdrovende, saaie

Maarten Christiaan Pennings

1994-01-01

401

Multi-Scale Simulations of Carbon Nanotubes: Mechanics and Electronics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Carbon Nanotube (CNT) is a tubular form of carbon with diameter as small as 1 nm. Length: few mn to microns. CNT is configurationally equivalent to a two dimensional graphene sheet rolled into a tube. CNT exhibits extraordinary mechanical properties; Young's modulus over 1 Tera Pascal, as stiff as diamond, and tensile strength approx. 200 GPa. CNT can be metallic or semiconducting, depending on chirality.

Srivastava, Deepak

2003-01-01

402

Thermal battery statistics and plotting programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thermal battery functional test data are stored in an HP3000 minicomputer operated by the Power Sources Department. A program was written to read data from a battery data base, compute simple statistics (mean, minimum, maximum, standard deviation, and K-factor), print out the results, and store the data in a file for subsequent plotting. A separate program was written to plot the data. The programs were written in the Pascal programming language.

Scharrer, G. L.

1990-04-01

403

[Ego strength evaluated through the Bender test].  

PubMed

This article is aimed at observing the ego strength among a psychosomatic patients sample quantitatively. The Bender-Gestalt test (as per Pascal & Suttell's method) was administered to the above mentioned sample as well as a psychotic patients sample, and a control group. No differences were observed between the psychosomatic patients group, and the psychotic patients group performance. However, differences were observed when comparing with the control group performance. PMID:8237433

Vignale de Loza, S M; Orlicki, E

1993-03-01

404

A background interference procedure to increase sensitivity of the Bender-Gestalt Test to organic brain disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of the efficacy of a new technique, the background interference procedure (BIP), to measure visuomotor impairment. 30 brain-damaged psychiatric patients, 22 psychotic nonorganic patients, and 34 nonpsychotic, nonorganic psychiatric patients were compared on performance decrements on the Bender-Gestalt Test using standard paper and BIP paper and scored by the Pascal-Suttell method. The results indicated that the brain-damaged patients

Arthur Canter

1966-01-01

405

Perseus: Retrospective on a Portable Operating System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract t We describe the operating system Perscus, developed as part of a study into the issues of computer communications,and their impact on operating system and programming,language design. Perseus was dcsigncd to be portable by virtue of its kernel-based structure and its Implementation in Pascal. In particular, machine-depcndcnt code is limited to the kernel and,most operating systems functions are provided

Willy Zwaenepoel; Keith A. Lantz

1984-01-01

406

Host computer software specifications for a zero-g payload manhandling simulator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The HP PASCAL source code was developed for the Mission Planning and Analysis Division (MPAD) of NASA/JSC, and takes the place of detailed flow charts defining the host computer software specifications for MANHANDLE, a digital/graphical simulator that can be used to analyze the dynamics of onorbit (zero-g) payload manhandling operations. Input and output data for representative test cases are contained.

Wilson, S. W.

1986-01-01

407

DecisionMaker software and extracting fuzzy rules under uncertainty  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Knowledge acquisition under uncertainty is examined. Theories proposed in deKorvin's paper 'Extracting Fuzzy Rules Under Uncertainty and Measuring Definability Using Rough Sets' are discussed as they relate to rule calculation algorithms. A data structure for holding an arbitrary number of data fields is described. Limitations of Pascal for loops in the generation of combinations are also discussed. Finally, recursive algorithms for generating all possible combination of attributes and for calculating the intersection of an arbitrary number of fuzzy sets are presented.

Walker, Kevin B.

1992-01-01

408

HYPPOCAMPUS; A hypercard graphic interface toward CAMAC and VME  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, the authors have implemented the standard ESONE CAMAC routines as Hypercard external functions (XFCN's), using MPW 3.1 PASCAL. The routines are available in a demos tack, HYPPOCAMPUS (HYPercard POwer for CAMac PUShbuttom), which is the software equivalent of the standard CAMAC Manual Controller. A simple VME interface is also provided. This work continues the authors' attempt to use Hypercard as a powerful and simple human interface tool for data acquisition and control.

Martini, A.; Stecchi, A.; Trasatti, L. (INFN, Lab. Nazionali di Frascati, P.O. Box 13, 00044 Frascati (IT))

1992-04-01

409

Algorithms and programming tools for image processing on the MPP, part 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A number of algorithms were developed for image warping and pyramid image filtering. Techniques were investigated for the parallel processing of a large number of independent irregular shaped regions on the MPP. In addition some utilities for dealing with very long vectors and for sorting were developed. Documentation pages for the algorithms which are available for distribution are given. The performance of the MPP for a number of basic data manipulations was determined. From these results it is possible to predict the efficiency of the MPP for a number of algorithms and applications. The Parallel Pascal development system, which is a portable programming environment for the MPP, was improved and better documentation including a tutorial was written. This environment allows programs for the MPP to be developed on any conventional computer system; it consists of a set of system programs and a library of general purpose Parallel Pascal functions. The algorithms were tested on the MPP and a presentation on the development system was made to the MPP users group. The UNIX version of the Parallel Pascal System was distributed to a number of new sites.

Reeves, Anthony P.

1986-01-01

410

Changes in surface chemistry of silicon carbide (0001) surface with temperature and their effect on friction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Friction studies were conducted with a silicon carbide (0001) surface contacting polycrystalline iron. The surface of silicon carbide was pretreated: (1) by bombarding it with argon ions for 30 minutes at a pressure of 1.3 pascals; (2) by heating it at 800 C for 3 hours in vacuum at a pressure of 10 to the minus eighth power pascal; or (3) by heating it at 1500 C for 3 hours in a vacuum of 10 to the minus eighth power pascal. Auger emission spectroscopy was used to determine the presence of silicon and carbon and the form of the carbon. The surfaces of silicon carbide bombarded with argon ions or preheated to 800 C revealed the main Si peak and a carbide type of C peak in the Auger spectra. The surfaces preheated to 1500 C revealed only a graphite type of C peak in the Auger spectra, and the Si peak had diminished to a barely perceptible amount. The surfaces of silicon carbide preheated to 800 C gave a 1.5 to 3 times higher coefficient of friction than did the surfaces of silicon carbide preheated to 1500 C. The coefficient of friction was lower in the 11(-2)0 direction than in the 10(-1)0 direction; that is, it was lower in the preferred crystallographic slip direction.

Miyoshi, K.; Buckley, D. H.

1980-01-01

412

Immunomodulation of hepatic ischemic injury via increased Bcl-X L and decreased Bcl-X S 1,2 1 Presented in part at the annual meeting of the Association for Academic Surgery in Boston, Massachusetts, on November 9, 2002 (Abstract #95). 2 This work was supported in part by a Junior Faculty Grant Award from the Society of University Surgeons (J. A. D.). K. J. W. was supported by a Jeane B. Kempner Scholar Postdoctoral Fellowship. M. H. was supported by a sabbatical grant from the Yunnan Provincial Education Commission of the People’s Republic of China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Although classic ischemia-reperfusion injury is mediated by reactive oxygen intermediaries, increasing evidence implicates a role for immune-mediated apoptosis during ischemic injury in transplantation. Herein, we report the effects of polyclonal rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin (rATG) on mediators of hepatic apoptosis during cold storage.Methods Three-month-old male Lewis rats were placed under halothane anesthesia and the portal vein cannulated. University of Wisconsin

Kenneth J Woodside; Juquan Song; Wei Song; Mingdao Hu; Tao Meng; Glenn C Hunter; Steven E Wolf; John A Daller

2003-01-01

413

Effects of High-Intensity Strength Training on Quality-of-Life Parameters in Cardiac Rehabilitation Patients fn1 fn1 This study was supported, in part, by a graduate research fellowship, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts (YB), by the Helen Smith Brownstein Memorial Scholarship, School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts (YB), by a Reebok Graduate Research Grant, American College of Sports Medicine Foundation, Indianapolis, Indiana (JJR), by Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton, Massachusetts (JJR), and by a Grant-in-Aid from the American Heart Association, Dallas, Texas (MCC)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cardiac rehabilitation programs have not consistently been shown to improve the psychological well being of their patients. In our study of 38 cardiac patients (29 men and 9 women), a variety of quality-of-life parameters were assessed before and after they completed either 12 weeks of high-intensity strength training or flexibility training added to their outpatient cardiac rehabilitation aerobic exercise program.

Yael Beniamini; Joel J. Rubenstein; Leonard D. Zaichkowsky; Marilyn C. Crim

1997-01-01

414

[Ayurvedics drugs in France. Laboratories polytherapic, a test].  

PubMed

In the beginning of the thirties, Dr Jean Saidman, who has already created a rotative solarium at Aix-les-Bains, built another one in Jamnagar (India). When he was there, he discovered ayurvedic therapy. After the Second World War, with his friends Dr Rémus Krainik and the chemist René-Henri Monceaux, he set up a "néo-ayurvedic action committee", and then a pharmaceutical laboratory, "Polythérapic", to export to french colonies patents medicines inspired by indian medicine. The authors tale this experience suddenly stopped by the unexpected death of Jean Saidman, in 1949. PMID:21661222

Raynal, Cécile; Lefebvre, Thierry

2011-02-01

415

Here's You Looking at You, Kid: Study Says Many Students Are Narcissists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jean M. Twenge, an associate professor of psychology at San Diego State University, says gadgets and online social-networking sites have stoked the self-loving tendencies of modern students. Twenge revealed her findings from a study that describes this wired and coddled generation, known as Millennials, as the most narcissistic in recent history.…

Hoover, Eric

2007-01-01

416

iPod Stands for: Absorb, Engage, and Matter!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The iPod's almost overwhelming popularity probably stems from the combination of power, size, convenience, and flexibility inherent in the devices. They fit into arm bands during jogging, ride in jean pockets, and swing from belt loops. They are small enough to easily be tucked into purses and backpacks, even large pockets. Clearly, using and…

Boettcher, Judith V.

2007-01-01

417

SLA and the Literature Classroom: Fostering Dialogues. Issues in Language Program Direction: A Series of Annual Volumes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph offers eight papers in four sections. Section 1, "Renewed Debates," includes "The Gordian Knot: Language, Literature, and Critical Thinking" (Jean Marie Schultz). Section 2, "Colleagues in Dialogue," includes "Developing Literacy and Literary Competence: Challenges for Foreign Language Departments" (Heidi Byrnes and Susanne Kord)…

Scott, Virginia M., Ed.; Tucker, Holly, Ed.

418

How Free Trade Can Help Convert the 'Arab Spring' into Permanent Peace and Democracy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since Jean Monnet conceived the Coal and Steel Community, free trade has successfully prevented serious conflicts in Europe between democratically governed States with market economies. After six countries established the European Community, this principle has been extended successfully to its immediate neighbours, successively enlarging the European Union to its current 27 Member States. The Union’s European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) has

Thorvaldur Gylfason; Inmaculada Martínez-Zarzoso; Per Magnus Wijkman

2012-01-01

419

Un tournant dans l'histoire technique de la sidérurgie : la création de l'Irsid. Compétition et collaboration entre l'Etat et l'industrie  

Microsoft Academic Search

[eng] Abstract There were no profesionnal center of technological researches in the French steel industry before World War two. This central laboratory («l'Irsid : Institut de la recherche sidérurgique») was imagined by Jean Rist in 1943 and created by Henri Malcor in 1946. This is a business initiative. Mining enginers from National School of Mining, those specializing in high grade

Philippe Mioche

1989-01-01

420

Piaget and Elementary Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the intellectual development stages ascribed to children by Jean Piaget. Characteristics and examples are given for sensori-motor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational thinking periods. Implications are given for elementary school science education, including (1) formal instruction does not accelerate acquisition…

Chittenden, Edward A.

1970-01-01

421

Importance of shrinkage and compression in determining water storage changes in peat: the case of a mined peatland  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines changes in peat volume in a mined peatland near Lac St Jean, Quebec, during the spring and summer of 1995 and 1996, and the implication for water storage changes. Lowering of the water table caused drainage above the water table, but the specific yield (Sy) of the peat was relatively small (0.48), and did not adequately describe

Jonathan S. Price; Susanne M. Schlotzhauer

1999-01-01

422

Camus: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Seies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Germaine Bree, Nicola Chairmonte, Serge Doubrovsky, Justin O'Brien, Wilfrid Sheed, Roger Quilliot, Thomas L. Hanna, Bernard C. Murchland, Henri Peyre, S. Beynon John, Rachel Bespaloff, Jean-Paul Sartre, Robert Champigny,…

Bree, Germaine, Ed.

423

Making Hollow Men  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this essay Charles Harvey offers a worried reflection on the range, extent, depth, affects, and effects of the perpetual assessment of the person in (post)industrial nations in the contemporary world. Harvey begins his analysis by appealing to the work of Martin Heidegger, Michel Foucault, and Jean Baudrillard to provide an interpretive…

Harvey, Charles W.

2010-01-01

424

Shoplifting  

MedlinePLUS

Sarah and Lisa always enjoyed hanging out at the mall. But one Saturday, after shopping for jeans, Sarah pulled a new shirt out of her bag. ... remember seeing her buy it. "I didn't," Sarah told her. "I lifted it." Lisa was upset ...

425

A Teacher's Perspective: Using Students' Experience to Understand Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Can students use their knowledge of natural phenomena to make sense of science in school? How can teachers use this knowledge to construct meaning in the classroom? Renote Jean-Fran�ois, an English-as-a-second-language and literacy teacher in the Sheltered English Instruction program at the Woodrow Wilson Middle School, Boston, Massachusetts, shares her perspective.

Renote Jean-Fran�ois, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, Boston Public Schools

2008-01-01

426

Black Superintendents of Selected American Cities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents photographs of 12 Black superintendents of urban school districts. They are: J. Jerome Harris, Ronald Lewis, Willie W. Herenton, Robert R. Wheeler, Alonzo A. Crim, Roland N. Patterson, Jean Franklin Emmons, Charles R. Thomas, Richard C. Hunter, Arthur Jefferson, Ulysses Byas, and Howard E. White, Sr. (GC)

Negro History Bulletin, 1980

1980-01-01

427

1. Historic American Buildings Survey Original Water Color in Wells ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic American Buildings Survey Original Water Color in Wells Fargo Bank Historical Museum Capt. Jean Jacques Vioget, Artist Spring of 1837 FIRST WATER COLOR OF SAN FRANCISCO (JACOB LEESE HOUSE IN CENTER) - San Francisco, Historic View, 1837, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

428

The Nature of the Velocity Field in Molecular Clouds - I. The Non-magnetic Case  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present three numerical simulations of randomly driven, isothermal, non-magnetic, self-gravitating turbulence with different rms Mach numbers Ms and physical sizes L, but approximately the same value of the virial parameter, alpha approx 1.2. We obtain the following results: a) We test the hypothesis that the collapsing centers originate from locally Jeans-unstable (\\

Enrique Vazquez-Semadeni; R. F. Gonzalez; J. Ballesteros-Paredes; A. Gazol; J. Kim

2009-01-01

429

The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented (NRC/GT) Newsletter, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These two newsletters of The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented (NRC/GT) present articles concerned with research on the education of gifted and talented students. The articles are: "NRC/GT's Suggestions: Evaluating Your Programs and Services" (E. Jean Gubbins); "Professional Development Practices in Gifted Education: Results of a…

Gubbins, E. Jean, Ed.; Siegle, Del, Ed.

1998-01-01

430

IFLA General Conference, 1989. Division of Management and Technology. Section on Conservation; Section on Information Technology; Section on Library Buildings and Equipment; Section on Statistics; Round Table on Audiovisual Media; Round Table for the Management of Library Associations. Booklet 60.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are 15 papers in this collection from the Division of Management and Technology: (1) "Les Activites de formation dans les centres regionaux du Programme PAC" (Training Activities in the Regional Centers of the Preservation and Conservation Program) (Jean-Marie Arnoult); (2) "Professional Education for Preservation: An Overview" (John…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

431

Crisis in Haiti: Two Hundred Years after Slaves Rose up against France, Armed Rebels Oust Haiti's Elected Leader  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Haitians had expected 2004 to be a year of celebrations marking the 200th anniversary of independence from France following the only successful slave revolt of its time. Instead political violence exploded early in the year and armed gunmen took over cities demanding President Jean-Bertrand Aristide resign. Just as the rebels prepared to move in…

Social Education, 2004

2004-01-01

432

A Survey of Applied Linguistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a comprehensive review of the major areas of applied linguistics with original contributions by fourteen scholars. The following chapters are included: (1) "What is Applied Linguistics?" by H. Douglas Brown; (2) "Language Development," by Lois Bloom; (3) "First Language Teaching," by Jean Malmstrom (discusses the teaching of…

Wardhaugh, Ronald, Ed.; Brown, H. Douglas, Ed.

433

Effect of self-gravitation on the energy loss of pair of projectiles in dusty plasma  

SciTech Connect

The effect of self-gravitation of massive dust grains is investigated on the shielded potential and the energy loss of pair of charged projectiles passing through a dust-contaminated plasma. Analytical general expressions are derived for the shielded potential and for the energy loss by incorporating two-body correlation effects. An interference contribution of these projectiles to the shielded potential and energy loss is observed that depends upon their orientation and separation distance. It is found that for two collinear projectiles the potential is enhanced by increasing dust Jeans frequency for separation less than Debye length and the energy loss versus projectile velocity decreases with the increase of Jeans frequency for arbitrary separation. The effect of inclination of two noncollinear projectiles on energy loss is also investigated for a fixed value of Jeans frequency {omega}{sub jd}=4x10{sup -4}{omega}{sub pd}. The contribution to the energy loss due to the interference term has been separately calculated for a typical Jeans frequency. The present investigation would be useful to explain the coagulation of dust particles in the molecular clouds and in the ion-beam-driven inertial confinement fusion approach.

Mirza, Arshad M.; Sarwar, M. Adnan; Qaisar, M.S. [Theoretical Plasma Physics Group, Department of Physics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan)

2006-05-15

434

Rule of Law in Central and Eastern Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pursuant to the same logic that prevailed when Jean Monnet and Robert Schuman reached out to Germany after the end of World War II, and in keeping with the promise made in the Preamble of the founding treaty, the EU now reached out to Central and Eastern Europe after the end of the Cold War and offered integration. In recognition

Frank Emmert

2008-01-01

435

Tri-M in Our Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Winter had set in, and the local charity had already run out of warm coats. Students sprang into action. They made calls, rang doorbells, announced the need daily at school. Working together, they collected 87 coats--each with a hat, glove, and scarf set--with jeans, sweaters, shoes, and new toys thrown in as an additional gift. The students--all…

Nielsen, Lance D.

2010-01-01

436

Good, Clean, Fair: The Rhetoric of the Slow Food Movement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article outlines the origins of the Slow Food movement before examining the ways in which Slow Food rhetoric seeks to redefine gastronomy and combat the more deleterious effects of globalization. In articulating a new gastronomy, Slow Food founder Carlo Petrini attempts to reconstruct the gastronomy of Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, at once…

Schneider, Stephen

2008-01-01

437

Cherry Hemangioma  

MedlinePLUS

... the area (excision), burning away the area (electrocautery), laser, or freezing the area (cryosurgery). References Bolognia, Jean L., ed. Dermatology , pp. 1824-1825. New York: Mosby, 2003. Wolff, Klaus, ed. Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine . 7 th ed, p. 2272. New York: McGraw- ...

438

Approaches and Obstacles to the Evaluation of Investment in Continuing Vocational Training: Discussion and Case Studies from Six Member States of the European Union. CEDEFOP Panorama. Discussion Paper/Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes six case studies on different aspects of the issue of evaluating investing in continuing vocational training (CVT). Part 1 (chapters 1-2) contains "Conceptual Introduction" (Jean-Marie Luttringer), which explores practical problems in considering training expenses as an investment, and "Methodological Introduction" (Alan…

Grunewald, Uwe; Moraal, Dick; Sorensen, John Houman; Luttringer, Jean-Marie; Pasco, Nicolas; Kohler, Alexander; Barrett, Alan; O'Connell, Philip; Garibaldo, Francesco; Lorenzoni, Stefan; Mandl, Dieter

439

Changing attitudes in Saudi Arabia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Jean M. J. Fréchet, vice-president for research at the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), talked to Nature Materials about the achievements of this institution since its foundation in 2009 and its contribution to shaping research attitudes in Saudi Arabia.

Martiradonna, Luigi

2014-04-01

440

Creative Intelligence and the Freshman English Problem.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The methodology and content of the modern behavioral sciences as reflected in the writings of John Upton, C. K. Ogden, I. A. Richards, and Jean Piaget were used in creating a one-semester controlled experiment in Freshmen composition. Depending primarily upon Upton's "Creative Analysis," this program resulted in significant gains in IQ and…

Brunelle, Eugene Alfred

441

The Journal of the Imagination in Language Learning, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Articles on second language teaching and learning include: "Creativity with a Small 'c'" (Alan Maley); "National Standards & the Role of the Imagination in Foreign Language Learning" (Rebecca M. Valette); "Who Am I in English? Developing a Language Ego" (Jean Zukowski/Faust); "Steps to Dance in the Adult EFL Classroom" (David M. Bell); "Connecting…

Coreil, Clyde, Ed.; Napoliello, Mihri, Ed.

1997-01-01

442

First insights on “neuropedagogy of reasoning”  

Microsoft Academic Search

As stated by Jean-Pierre Changeux (2004) in his last book, The Physiology of Truth, objective knowledge does exist, and our brains are naturally equipped to recognise it. The results presented here provide the first insights on (1) the cerebral basis of reasoning errors, and (2) the neurocognitive dynamics that lead the human brain towards logical truth. We propose to call

Olivier Houdé

2007-01-01

443

Commencing the Rhizome: Towards a Minor Philosophy of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "The Postmodern Explained," a pedagogical sequel to "The Postmodern Condition," Jean Francois Lyotard reports on the domination of thought by the principle of realism. Lyotard speaks of a demand that threatens to totalize experience, to reduce language to Newspeak, to rob thinking of its childhood and pedagogy of its philosophical moment. It is…

Gregoriou, Zelia

2004-01-01

444

Retraction: Primary extraosseous Ewing sarcoma of the lung in children.  

PubMed

ecancer 7 312 (2013) The report in this article of the treatment the patient received is incorrect. Three of the authors (Jean Luc Michel, Clara Fernandez and Audrey Derouet) were unaware that their names had been added to the author list. The three remaining authors (Nidal Alsit, Linda Sakhri and Augustin Pirvu) were not involved with the treatment of the patient. PMID:23858324

2013-01-01

445

Governing Badly: Theory and Practice of Bad Ideas in College Decisionmaking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Richard Delgado and Jean Stefanic have examined a series of legal decisions they consider to be "serious moral errors,""embarrassingly inhumane decisions," and "moral abominations." Departing from their exploration of bad judicial decision making, this paper points out some examples of bad decision making in higher education. It identifies four…

Olivas, Michael A.

446

Poiseuille's Law--Showing that "p" Is Inversely Proportional to R[superscript 4] Using the Shell Method  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jean Poiseuille, a physician, developed a mercury filled U-tube to measure blood pressure in 1828. He discovered that pressure in veins is significantly lower than pressure in arteries. As a result, he studied liquid flow in small tubes. A few years later he established Poiseuille's Law, which states the resistance, "p," of the flow of blood as…

Drost, John P.; Georges, Rachel A.

2004-01-01

447

Lovers in Touch: Inoperative Community in Nancy, Duras and India Song  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article takes as its point of departure Maurice Blanchot's pairing of Marguerite Duras and Jean-Luc Nancy in The Unavowable Community, and reads India Song, a film by Duras, through Nancy's work on community. Just as Nancy articulates a thinking of community in terms of touch, so Duras develops her own filmic vocabulary of touch to examine questions of being-with,

Laura McMahon

2008-01-01

448

Lacustrine spatial distribution of landlocked Atlantic salmon populations assessed across generations by multilocus individual assignment and mixed-stock analyses  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to assess the spatiotemporal distribution of four landlocked Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar ) populations during their sympatric feeding phase in lake St- Jean (Québec, Canada). A total of 1100 fish captured over a period of 25 years was genotyped at six microsatellite loci in order to assess the temporal stability of the relative

C. POTVIN; L. BERNATCHEZ

2001-01-01

449

Small size wearable button antenna  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel small size wearable antenna for WLAN applications is proposed in this paper. The antenna structure is based on a previous development and achieves lower size by implementing different miniaturization techniques. The radiating structure has the shape and dimensions of a standard denim jeans button and is made up of a button shaped cylindrical structure and a top metal

B. Sanz-Izquierdo; F. Huang; J. C. Batchelor

2006-01-01

450

What's Happening in June?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Brief information is given on four June events celebrated by Puerto Ricans: Father's Day, the Feast of Saint John the Baptist (Puerto Rico's Partron Saint), the birthday of Francisco Oller Cestero (painter), and commemoration (on Father's Day) of Jean Baptiste Pointe Du Sable (first non-native American to settle in what is now known as Chicago).…

Toro, Leonor; And Others

451

A Contrast in Schooling: The Natural Education of Emile vs. Giroux's Radical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jean-Jacques Rousseau's classic work "Emile" of 1762 is contrasted with Henry G. Giroux's 1981 book "Ideology Culture and the Process of Schooling." Although both Giroux and Rousseau are social critics, their notions about education and its outcome are contrary and not due to historical time alone. This comparative analysis characterizes…

Sigmon, Scott B.

452

Early Identification Guidelines: Suburban Model (Lucas County School District).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed by a suburban school district, this manual provides guidelines for the early identification of gifted preschool children and describes Project Unicorn, a project to conceptualize, plan, and implement a classroom curriculum model for gifted young children. Project activities were based on Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development and…

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus. Div. of Educational Services.

453

Panel and Audience Discussion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Participating Panelists: Richard Stephens, Science Education Consultant Tom Weimer, Staff Director, Subcommittee on Basic Research, Committee on Science, U.S. House of Representatives Jean E. Vanski, Deputy Director for Elementary, Secondary, and Informal Education, Directorate for Education and Human Resources, National Science Foundation Gerald Wheeler, Executive Director, National Science Teachers Association

Holt, Rush; Stephens, Richard; Weimer, Tom; Vanski, Jean E.; Wheeler, Gerald

1997-04-01

454

Endless Retribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Richard Nixon showed that there really are second (and third) acts in American life, but Congress didn't get the memo, and so Jean Montrevil may be denied his own American Dream. A Haitian citizen who came to the United States legally at age seventeen, Montrevil had a green card when he was arrested on drug charges in 1988 at age

Maxine Phillips

2010-01-01

455

Endless Retribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Richard Nixon showed that there really are second (and third) acts in American life, but Congress didn't get the memo, and so Jean Montrevil may be denied his own American Dream. A Haitian citizen who came to the United States legally at age seventeen, Montrevil had a green card when he was arrested on drug charges in 1988 at age

Maxine Phillips

2010-01-01

456

Is There a Role for Clozapine in the Treatment of Children and Adolescents?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents responses to the question of whether clozapine is ever appropriate to use in the pediatric population. Among others, Jean A. Frazier also agreed that clozapine is appropriate for use in the pediatric population. Clozapine has truly revolutionized the treatment of refractory patients with schizophrenia at any age. This agent…

Findling, Robert L.; Frazier, Jean A.; Gerbino-Rosen, Ginny; Kranzler, Harvey N.; Kumra, Sanjiv; Kratochvil, Christopher J.

2007-01-01

457

Piaget's Geographical Spatial Stages: An Examination of Their Relationship to Elementary Children's Classification-Class Inclusion Abilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the relationship between a child's concept of geographic and territorial relationships and his competence on classification and class inclusion measures. Jean Piaget's stages of development and studies conducted by other investigators (Jahoda, 1964; Stoltman, 1971; Rand and Towler, 1973; Flavell, 1963; Asher, et al, 1971;…

Rand, David C.; Towler, John O.

458

Philological Papers: Special Issue Devoted to the Teacher in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Literature and Film. Volume 36. Papers Presented at the West Virginia University's Annual Colloquium (13th, Morgantown, West Virginia, September 29-October 1, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains papers read at West Virginia University's Colloquium on "The Teacher in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Literature and Film" including the following 12 articles listed with their authors: "A Second Pair of Eyes: The Editor as Teacher" (Hart L. Wegner); "Don Juan Goes to the Movies" (Armand E. Singer); "The Teacher in Jean

Singer, Armand E., Ed.

1990-01-01

459

How Can Brane World Physics Influence Axion Temperature Dependence, Initial Vacuum States, and Permissible Solutions to the Wheeler-De Witt Equation in Early Universe Cosmology?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use an explicit Randall-Sundrum brane world effective potential as congruent with conditions needed to form a minimum entropy starting point for an early universe vacuum state. We are investigating if the Jeans instability criteria mandating low entropy, low temperature initial pre inflation state configuration can be reconciled with thermal conditions of temperatures at or above ten to the 12

A. W. Beckwith

460

Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study of Piaget's Conservation-of-Number Task in Preschool and School-Age Children: A Neo-Piagetian Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jean Piaget's theory is a central reference point in the study of logico-mathematical development in children. One of the most famous Piagetian tasks is number conservation. Failures and successes in this task reveal two fundamental stages in children's thinking and judgment, shifting at approximately 7 years of age from visuospatial intuition to…

Houde, Olivier; Pineau, Arlette; Leroux, Gaelle; Poirel, Nicolas; Perchey, Guy; Lanoe, Celine; Lubin, Amelie; Turbelin, Marie-Renee; Rossi, Sandrine; Simon, Gregory; Delcroix, Nicolas; Lamberton, Franck; Vigneau, Mathieu; Wisniewski, Gabriel; Vicet, Jean-Rene; Mazoyer, Bernard

2011-01-01

461

Genocide Convention at Fifty.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On September 2, 1998, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda issued its first conviction for genocide, condemning a Rwandan mayor, Jean-Paul Akayesu, for directing and inciting local mobs to the rape and murder of innocent Tutsi victims. The tribu...

1999-01-01

462

Seeding Literacy: Adult Educators Research Their Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents five reports that represent research conducted by adult educators. "Supporting Adult Educators in Researching Their Practice" (Janelle Davis, Jean Searle) presents results of four action research projects related to developing literacies for disadvantaged groups or groups with special needs. "Towards Mutual Benefits:…

Davis, Janelle; Searle, Jean

463

What Are/Do Gifted Teenagers Like?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This journal presents four articles on gifted adolescents. The first is "Gifted and Gay: A Study of the Adolescent Experience" (Jean Sunde Peterson and Heather Rischar). This paper reports on a retrospective study of the experiences of 18 gay, lesbian, or bisexual young adults with high ability, finding themes of danger, isolation, depression, and…

Miller, Phyllis, Ed.

2002-01-01

464

Entrepreneurial Planning: Tufts University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on key strategic decisions taken at Tufts University (Massachusetts) under President Jean Mayer noting the role of formal planning and institutional research. Initiatives in the following areas are described: the School of Veterinary Medicine, nutrition, environmental management, entrepreneurial liberation, fund raising, and a…

Dunn, John A.

1990-01-01

465

Books for Summer Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recommends leisurely reading for teachers: biographies on St. Augustine and Charles Lindbergh; novels by Edwidge Danticat, Kate Chopin, and Velma Allis; Edward Tufte's three volumes on the visual presentation of information; Jean Vanier's "Becoming Human;" the Harry Potter series, and Michael Tolkin's novel "The Player." (MLH)

Phi Delta Kappan, 2000

2000-01-01

466

Creating a Collaborative Context for Critical Thinking in Composition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the efforts of the director of a composition program who is also a teacher of composition at an open admissions college to teach critical thinking by showing students how to use content rather than just acquire it. Applying Jean Piaget's learning theory to classroom teaching, the director attempts to create an active learning…

Hess, Marlene A.

467

Alternative Classroom Management and Instructional Delivery Systems in Business Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies and assesses various nontraditional approaches to business education in high school, university, and graduate school. "Block Scheduling: Considerations for Business Education" (Gloria Jean Smith, Douglas C. Smith) describes ways to maximize learning for high school students by restructuring class time. "Distance Learning: Challenges and…

Smith, Douglas C.; Davis, Diane C.; Everett, Donna R.; Kruger, Diane; McLaren, Constance H.; Morse, H. Pauletta; Nelson, Sandra J.; Smith, Gloria Jean; Yacht, Carol; Yohon, Teresa

468

Hamo Sassoon’s Personal Archive. Comments on Material Recently Gifted to the BIEA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following his death in 2004, two boxes of material relating to Hamo Sassoon’s archaeologicalworkin eastAfrica were donated to the British Institute in Eastern Africa (BIEA) by his widow Jean Brown. The collection consists predominantly of photographs, field notes, sketch plans and drafts of several articles and guides, and relates to work undertaken when Sassoon was Conservator of Antiquities for Tanganyika

Daryl Stump

2008-01-01

469

Academy of Achievement - Quincy Jones  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Quincy Jones has been around a long time, but that doesn't stop him from being a top-notch producer. He's received an Emmy Award, seven Oscar nominations, and the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award. Read more about his accomplishments here.

Achievement, Academy O.

470

Autobiography  

Microsoft Academic Search

I was born in the Chicago, IL neighbourhood of Hyde Park on April, 1944, to my parent Bernice Irene Medley Heckman and John Jacob Heckman. I have one sister, Jean Ellen Heckman Bates, who is four years older. Although I was born near the University of Chicago, my family was not connected with it. Our family lived in the Chicago

James J. Heckman

2001-01-01

471

"Octagon Magic": Andre Norton and Revitalizing the Girls' Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that Andre Norton's "Octagon Magic" is neither a conventional girls' book, nor a witch tale, nor a time fantasy but rather a unique coming-of-age story best understood within the context of theorists such as Carol Gilligan, Mary Belenk, and Jean Baker Miller. (TB)

Dressel, Janice Hartwick; Molson, Francis J.

1996-01-01

472

Human resource management in European banking: Challenges and responses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most people believe the Single European Market will spur on growth in mergers and acquisitions. 1992 is also expected to encourage more joint ventures between companies in the European Community as they seek new markets across frontiers. Jean Hiltrop looks at the impact of 1992 on the European banking business as financial services begin to free up. In particular, he

Jean M. Hiltrop

1991-01-01

473

Hearings Before the Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs of the United States Senate, Ninety-Second Congress, Second Session on Nutrition and Human Needs. Part 2--Nutritional Needs of Nation's Older Americans. Hearings Held Washington, D.C., June 14, 1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing before the Senate Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs began with opening statements by a number of senators. Following this, statements were made by a number of witnesses, including Hon. Claude Pepper, a U.S. Representative from the Eleventh District of the State of Florida; Dr. Jean Mayer, professor of nutrition, Harvard…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs.

474

75 FR 1816 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Web site at: http://www.nsf.gov/bfa/dias/policy...22230, e-mail splimpton@nsf.gov; telephone: (703) 292-7556...RPPR, contact Jean Feldman; Head, Policy Office, Division of...22230; e- mail: jfeldman@nsf.gov; telephone: (703)...

2010-01-13

475

Graduate Fellowship Awards for Fiscal Year 1997  

NSF Publications Database

, Visalia CA 93277 CELL BIOL STANFORD UNIV/CA YALE UNIVERSITY/CT Laird, Diana Jean 2375 Woodside Road , Woodside CA 94062-1131 NEUROSCI HARVARD UNIV/MA STANFORD UNIV/CA Lam, Yat Ling P.O. Box 11609 , Stanford CA 94309 E/ELECTRCL STANFORD UNIV/CA STANFORD UNIV/CA...

476

Ames Lab 101: Rare-Earth Recycling  

SciTech Connect

Recycling keeps paper, plastics, and even jeans out of landfills. Could recycling rare-earth magnets do the same? Perhaps, if the recycling process can be improved. Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory are working to more effectively remove the neodymium, a rare earth, from the mix of other materials in a magnet.

Ryan Ott

2012-09-05

477

Ames Lab 101: Rare-Earth Recycling  

ScienceCinema

Recycling keeps paper, plastics, and even jeans out of landfills. Could recycling rare-earth magnets do the same? Perhaps, if the recycling process can be improved. Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory are working to more effectively remove the neodymium, a rare earth, from the mix of other materials in a magnet.

Ryan Ott

2013-06-05

478

The History of Evolutionary Theory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson students will examine how evolution has been scientifically explained historically. In doing so, students will examine the arguments and theories set forth by three historically important scientists: Jean Baptiste Lamarck, Alfred Russel Wallace, and Charles Darwin. The purpose of this lesson, however, is not to begin to make comparisons, but simply to help students understand how arguments have changed over time.

479

Ames Lab 101: Rare-Earth Recycling  

ScienceCinema

Recycling keeps paper, plastics, and even jeans out of landfills. Could recycling rare-earth magnets do the same? Perhaps, if the recycling process can be improved. Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory are working to more effectively remove the neodymium, a rare earth, from the mix of other materials in a magnet.

480

A HISTORY OF THE CARE AND STUDY OF THE MENTALLY RETARDED.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE HISTORY AND CARE OF THE MENTALLY RETARDED IS TRACED FROM ANTIQUITY TO THE PRESENT. A REVIEW OF MEN WHO ORIGINATED EDUCATIONAL AND INSTITUTIONAL WORK WITH THE FEEBLEMINDED INCLUDES JACOB PEREIRE, JEAN ITARD, JOHANN GUGGENBUEHL, EDOUARD SEGUIN, AND SAMUEL HOWE. PUBLICATIONS BY AND ABOUT THESE MEN ARE LISTED. THE DEVELOPMENT OF INSTITUTIONS IS…

KANNER, LEO

481

In the Space between the Rock and the Hard Place: State Teacher Certification Guidelines and Music Education for Social Justice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper looks at the State of Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction (DPI) Guidelines for Music Teacher Education, a governmentally defined technology of accountability for preservice teacher education. In this investigation, the author draws upon Jean-Francois Lyotard's analysis of "differends" to frame the conflict between the…

Bradley, Deborah

2011-01-01

482

Residential Group Care Quarterly. Volume 6, Number 4, Spring 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Residential Group Care Quarterly" is published four times a year by the Child Welfare League of America (CWLA). This issue of "Residential Group Care Quarterly" contains the following articles: (1) Strengthening the Culture of Care in Child Care Agencies (Vonda I. Wallace and Jean Carpenter-Williams); (2) Improving Restraint Monitoring with Pulse…

Michael, Jennifer, Ed.

2006-01-01

483

Bilingualism: Beyond Basic Principles. Multilingual Matters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers focuses on individual bilingualism and societal and educational phenomena. After "Introduction and Overview" (Jean-Marc Dewaele, Alex Housen, and Li Wei), 12 papers include: (1) "Who is Afraid of Bilingualism?" (Hugo Baetens Beardsmore); (2) "The Importance of being Bilingual" (John Edwards); (3) "Towards a More…

Dewaele, Jean-Marc, Ed.; Housen, Alex, Ed.; Wei, Li, Ed.

484

Notes on Literacy, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains the following articles: "Orthography and Identity in Cameroon" (Steven Bird); "Literacy Evaluation Tool" (Becky Feldpausch, Jean Nichols, Robin Rempel); "Kenyang Literacy Program" (Tanyi Eyong Mbuagbaw); "Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E): A Brief Overview" (Ian Mowatt); "Adaptation of the Multi-Strategy Method for the Far North…

Moine-Boothe, Judith D., Ed.

2000-01-01

485

Realizing the Natural Self: Rousseau and the Current System of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jean-Jacques Rousseau believed that Nature is master. Children acknowledge this truth perhaps better than most adults. Nature gives life to humanity and provides humans with the tools necessary to survive. Even as an infant, Nature urges the child to scream for nourishment. As children, humans trust their master. The idea of resisting their human…

Peckover, Christopher

2012-01-01

486

Language and Culture. Work Papers of SIL-AAB, Series B, Volume 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six papers on the relationship of language and culture in the Australian Aboriginal context are presented. "Some Thoughts on Yanyuwa Language and Culture" by Jean Kirton gives an overview of some language-culture relationships and examines seven kinds of possession in one language. "Nyangumarta Kinship: A Woman's Viewpoint" by Helen Geytenbeck…

Hargrave, Susanne, Ed.

487

Financing Higher Education: Alternatives for the Federal Government.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph contains papers that deal in considerable detail with the major problems and proposals that are most frequently cited in discussions about the finance of higher education. The report is divided into four sections. Section 1: The Economic and Social Background, includes papers by Theodore W. Schultz on economic issues, by Mary Jean

Orwig, M. D., Ed.

488

Probable extinction of the western black rhino, Diceros bicornis longipes: 2006 survey in northern Cameroon  

Microsoft Academic Search

From 25 January to 8 June 2006, the NGO Symbiose and veterinarians Isabelle and Jean-François Lagrot with their local teams patrolled the distribution area of Diceros bicornis longipes in northern Cameroon to assess the status of the last population of the western black rhino subspecies. Over 46 field patrols were organized in the area situated roughly between Faro National Park

Isabelle Lagrot; Jean-François Lagrot; Paul Bour

489

St. Louis: Gateway to the West for Catholic Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Give a historical background to those people that helped bring Catholic education from the eastern seaboard to the West Coast. Discusses the actions of Bishop Louis Dubourg, Father Jean Pierre De Smet, Father Quickenborne, the Jesuits at Saint Mary's Mission, and others. Contains 7 references. (MZ)

James, John

2003-01-01

490

Killing Us Softly? Investigating Portrayals of Women and Men in Contemporary Magazine Advertisements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our research aimed to systematically investigate how women and men are portrayed in magazine advertisements, deriving hypotheses from Jean Kilbourne's observed media analysis presented in her "Killing Us Softly" film series. A total of 790 advertisements in 19 magazines were coded. Results revealed support for many of Kilbourne's hypotheses. For…

Conley, Terri D.; Ramsey, Laura R.

2011-01-01

491

Innovation in Library Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Library schools need to address the question of professional preparation in relation to their present programs. In addition to the author, statements are made by Ralph Blasingame, Martha Boaz, George Bobinski, Margaret Chisholm, Guy Garrison, Norman Horrocks, Jean Lowrie, Kenneth Shaffer, Roy Stokes, and William Summers. (4 references) (SJ)

Osborn, Jeanne; And Others

1973-01-01

492

Language Planning at the International Level. Report of the Annual Conference of the Center for Research and Documentation on World Language Problems (3rd, New York, New York, December 14, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proceedings of the conference include the opening address (Francoise Cestac) and these papers: "False Friendship in International Language Planning" (Joseph L. Malone); "Guidelines for Terminology Standardization at the United Nations" (Marie-Josee Jastrab); "Language Policy at the Agence de Cooperation Culturelle et Technique" (Jean-Claude…

Tonkin, Humphrey, Ed.; Johnson-Weiner, Karen, Ed.

493

Population Growth: Family Planning Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These proceedings of the second annual symposium on population growth bring together speeches and panel discussions on family planning programs. Titles of speeches delivered are: Communicating Family Planning (Mrs. Jean Hutchinson); Effects of New York's Abortion Law Change (Dr. Walter Rogers); The Law and Birth Control, Sterilization and Abortion…

Doberenz, Alexander R., Ed.; Taylor, N. Burwell G., Ed.

494

Summary of the Spring 1978 Conference of the National Consortium on Testing; June 5, 1978.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Remarks made at several panel discussions are summarized in this narrative report. The discussion topics and speakers include: (1) public education and testing--Tom Tomlinson, Ann Kahn, Herb Mack, and Jean Nazzaro, with remarks by Patricia Albjerg Graham; (2) standards regarding testing--Walt Haney, Barbara Lerner, Ann Cook, Willo White, and Bob…

Haney, Walt

495

Speed, Space, Kids and the Television Cyclops: Viewers' Perceptions of Velocity and Distance in Televised Events.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Television wide-angle lenses expand distances and increase apparent velocity, while long lenses compress space and reduce apparent velocity. Based on these assumptions, a study was conducted (1) to examine the ability of viewers of different ages to recognize how lenses change the "real world" they project and (2) to extend Jean Piaget's research…

Acker, Stephen R.

496

Marx and Education. Routledge Key Ideas in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There was only one Karl Marx, but there have been a multitude of Marxisms. This concise, introductory book by internationally renowned scholar Jean Anyon centers on the ideas of Marx that have been used in education studies as a guide to theory, analysis, research, and practice. "Marx and Education" begins with a brief overview of basic Marxist…

Anyon, Jean

2011-01-01

497

Implementing a Professional Development Model Using Gifted Education Strategies with All Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings of a 5-year study on using professional development to extend gifted education pedagogy to regular education programs. Following an executive summary, the 15 chapters have the following titles and authors: (1) "Introduction and Overview of the 5-Year Study" (E. Jean Gubbins); (2) "Review of Literature" (Lori R.…

Gubbins, E. Jean; Westberg, Karen L.; Reis, Sally M.; Dinnocenti, Susan T.; Tieso, Carol L.; Muller, Lisa M.; Park, Sunghee; Emerick, Linda J.; Maxfield, Lori R.; Burns, Deborah E.

498

Characterization of neural stem cells in the dorsal vagal complex of adult rat by in vivo proliferation labeling and in vitro neurosphere assay  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dorsal vagal complex, located in the brainstem, is the major integrative center of the autonomic nervous system. By combining in vivo bromodeoxyuridine incorporation and phenotypic immunolabeling, we have previously reported that neurogenesis occurs in the adult rat dorsal vagal complex [Bauer S, Hay M, Amilhon B, Jean A, Moyse E (2005) In vivo neurogenesis in the dorsal vagal complex

C. Charrier; V. Coronas; J. Fombonne; M. Roger; A. Jean; S. Krantic; E. Moyse

2006-01-01

499

Our Cost Control Program Is Real, and Good PR Too.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The cost control program of the Beaverton School District (Oregon) is presented in three sections. Reviewing the role of the school board in cost control development, Jean Holt (a board member) outlines the fiscal management system, long-range financial strategies, energy conservation, and utilization of facilities. The programs have resulted in a…

Harris, James; And Others

500

Yves: Hope against the Odds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article relates the story of Jean-Yves Ngabonziza, a full-need international student. During his senior year, on Rwandan National Mourning Day, April 6, 19-year-old Yves spoke to the entire school community for the first time about his past and the past of his native country. He began with the history of central Africa, introduced the…

Morgan, Joyce Vining

2006-01-01