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1

Pascal's Triangle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson is designed to lead students to explore the number patterns and fractal properties of Pascal's triangle while practicing basic arithmetic operations. This lesson provides links to discussions and activities related to Pascal's triangle as well as suggested ways to integrate them into the lesson. Finally, the lesson provides links to follow-up lessons designed for use in succession with the current one.

2010-01-01

2

Pascal's Principle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from HyperPhysics provides a description of Pascal's Principle, which explains how pressure is transmitted in an enclosed fluid. Drawings and sample calculations are provided. Examples illustrating the principle include a hydraulic press and an automobile hydraulic lift.

Nave, Carl R.

2011-11-28

3

Pascal Petals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity by The Math Forum presents a surprising fact hidden in Pascal's Triangle. Students create a "flower" by coloring the six numbers surrounding a given number in the triangle. Multiplying alternating "petals" results in a surprise product. Students are asked to look at prime factorizations in order to better understand what is happening. In addition to exploring an interesting problem, students get some good practice with multiplication, factoring, and prime numbers.

1998-04-28

4

Validation Tests for Standard Pascal and Extended Pascal,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Extended PASCAL differs from Standard PASCAL only in programs that use as identifiers any of the new word symbols. The report discusses the most important extensions--modules and separate compilation and schemata, and a syntax checker for Extended PASCAL....

A. W. Idema

1988-01-01

5

PASCAL For Engineers: A Course Including OMEGASOFT PASCAL for Microcomputers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

These are the notes of a PASCAL course for controls engineers at CERN. The course starts with 'Standard Pascal' and includes OMEGASOFT Pascal, a powerful extension of Pascal towards real-time and systems applications. It demonstrates how a language such a...

L. A. Tausch

1985-01-01

6

Visual Experiences of Blaise Pascal  

Microsoft Academic Search

The writings of Blaise Pascal (1623–1662), mathematician, physicist, and theologian, are often thought of as an ideal example of classical French prose. In fact, Pascal’s scientific contributions include the principle of hydrostatics, known as Pascal’s Law. In mathematics, he helped develop the probability theory and also made significant contributions to the realization of infinite series and the geometry of curves.

Maurizio Paciaroni

2010-01-01

7

Programming Pascal's Triangle  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|After a brief discussion of Pascal's triangle and description of four methods of hand construction, the author provides FORTRAN and BASIC programs for computer construction based on recursive definition. (SD)|

Curley, Walter

1974-01-01

8

Introduction to the Scientific Computing Language Pascal-SC (Pascal for Scientific Computation).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Pascal-SC (Pascal for Scientific Computation) is an extension of the popular computer language Pascal. Pascal-SC greatly facilitates scientific, engineering, and statistical calculations on microcomputers. The most important of the additional capabilities...

L. B. Rall

1984-01-01

9

Le Pari De Pascal Et Ses Ambigüités  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author rereads Pascal's Wager in all of its complexities and contradictions, rejecting Manichean readings as being far too schematic. Pascal, through pragmatic argument, attempts to demonstrate the rationality of belief. In thinking that he can direct his (imaginary) conversation partner to faith, Pascal gains some autonomy over Jansenist principles. Inexplicably, Pascal's position seems to contradict his vision of Christianity.

Stéphane Natan

2008-01-01

10

Flare stars and Pascal distribution.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Observed statistics of stellar flares are described by Pascal or Negative Binomial Distribution. The analogy with other classes of chaotic production mechanisms such as hadronic particle multiplicity distributions and photoelectron counts from thermal sou...

R. Muradian

1994-01-01

11

Coloring Multiples in Pascal's Triangle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Java applet activity allows the learner to visually identify number patterns in Pascal's triangle as they color multiples of a given number. The user can also click on an auto-color button that will automatically color the multiples of the given number. The number of rows of Pascal's triangle can be increased or decreased. There are separate tabs to access information for the learner, the instructor and to seek help.

2004-01-01

12

Finding Remainders in Pascal's Triangle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson is designed to introduce students to modular arithmetic by having them practice finding remainders given a certain divisor. As a result of their arithmetic, students will discover patterns in Pascal's Triangle. This lesson provides links to discussions and activities related to modular arithmetic and Pascal's Triangle as well as suggested ways to integrate them into the lesson. Finally, this lesson provides links to follow-up lessons designed for use in succession with this one.

2010-01-01

13

Coloring Remainders in Pascal's Triangle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Java applet activity allows students to visually identify more number patterns in Pascal's Triangle by coloring numbers that have the same remainder when divided by the number rolled, thereby practicing division and remainders. A learner rolls a random number, which can be from 1 to the number of rows of the triangle, or enters his/her own choice. There is an auto-color button that will automatically color the correct entries and the number of rows of Pascal's triangle can be increased or decreased. Separate tabs to access information for the learner, the instructor and to seek help are provided.

2004-01-01

14

Application of Pascal Principle in Earth Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Pascal experiment is interpreted and the chamber is roughly defined. Pascal experiment in relation to Pascal principle compared with a chamber in the earth crust. It is conclude that: 1: The pressure (P) inside the Pascal's cylinder is the combination of two pressure; the external pressure (P1) and the hydraulic pressure (P2). Pc=P1+P2 The direction of the force is

M. Samimi Namin

2009-01-01

15

Flex Pascal: An Implementation of the ISO-Pascal Programming Language.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Flex-Pascal compiler runs on the RSRE Flex computer architecture, which is currently available on the ICL Perq 2 workstation. Flex-Pascal conforms to the ISO 7185 (BS 6192) standard for Pascal and provides (as one extension) a separate-compilation fac...

K. Curtis P. D. Hammond P. D. Taylor

1985-01-01

16

NPS-PASCAL. A Microcomputer-based Implementation of the PASCAL Programming Language.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

NPS-PASCAL is a student research project at the Naval Postgraduate School, the goal of which is the implementation of the PASCAL programming language on a microcomputer system. NPS-PASCAL will consist of two programs, a compiler which produces intermediat...

K. S. Tinius

1980-01-01

17

NPS-PASCAL: A PASCAL Implementation for Microprocessor-Based Computer Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

NPS-PASCAL is a Naval Postgraduate School research project whose goal is the implementation of the PASCAL programming language on a microprocessor-based system. The NPS-PASCAL compiler consists of two software subsystems, the first analyzes the source pro...

J. L. Byrnes

1979-01-01

18

Khan Du Jean.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The video features Jean, who, along with Connie, has an eyesight disability. Jean is visually impaired and Connie is blind. Clever camera work creates an illusion of viewing the world as a partially sighted person. The video helps young people understand ...

1994-01-01

19

Science Sampler: Torricelli, Pascal, and PVC pipe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Two giants of science who led the way to our understanding of atmospheric pressure and fluids were Evangelista Torricelli and Blaise Pascal. By conducting experiments inspired by those of Torricelli and Pascal using today's rugged and affordable plumbing materials, students can engage in inquiry-based learning about atmospheric pressure.

Peck, J. F.

2006-02-01

20

[Blaise Pascal and his visual experiences].  

PubMed

Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) the mathematician, physicist, and theologian, is often considered as an example of classical French prose. Pascal's primary scientific contribution was the principle of hydrostatics, known as Pascal's Law. Furthermore, he is also regarded as one of the most important French philosophers, principally due to his publication: "Pensées". There is documentation affirming that Pascal suffered from visual migraines with recurring headaches, episodes of blindness in half of his visual field, zigzag, fortification spectra, and other visual hallucinations. It has been hypothesised that these migraine aura experiences acted as a source of inspiration for Pascal's philosophical reflections. Pascal's sudden religious conversion, probably the most decisive moment in Pascal's personal life, during the night of the 23rd to 24th of November 1654, was accompanied by a lighted vision which he interpreted as fire convincing him of God's "reality and presence". This experience may have been triggered by the effects of a migraine aura attack. This spiritual epiphany led him to dedicate the rest of his life to religious and philosophical interests. PMID:22258195

Paciaroni, Maurizio

2011-12-01

21

Pascal's Triangle: 100% of the Numbers Are Even!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pascal's triangle is an arrangement of the binomial coefficients in a triangle. Each number inside Pascal's triangle is calculated by adding the two numbers above it. When all the odd integers in Pascal's triangle are highlighted (black) and the remaining evens are left blank (white), one of many patterns in Pascal's triangle is displayed. By…

Bhindi, Nayan; McMenamin, Justin

2010-01-01

22

About Pascal's tetrahedron with hypercomplex entries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is evident, that the properties of monogenic polynomials in (n + 1)-real variables significantly depend on the generators e1,e2,...,en of the underlying 2n-dimensional Clifford algebra Cl0,n over R and their interactions under multiplication. The case of n = 3 is studied through the consideration of Pascal's tetrahedron with hypercomplex entries as special case of the general Pascal simplex for arbitrary n, which represents a useful geometric arrangement of all possible products. The different layers Lk of Pascal's tetrahedron (or pyramid) are built by ordered symmetric products contained in the trinomial expansion of (e1+e2+e3)k,k = 0,1,....

Cruz, C.; Falca~o, M. I.; Malonek, H. R.

2013-10-01

23

Measuring the Ripple Effect of Pascal Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent acquisition of a half million LOC telephone switching system TXE4 [7] written in Pascal has provided a unique opportunity for software measurement. This paper discusses the software implementation\\u000a of ripple effect measure - REST (Ripple Effect and Stability Tool) focusing on a recent attempt to produce a Pascal parser\\u000a for REST which will be used to measure the TXE4

Sue Black; Francis Clark

2000-01-01

24

Jean Brossel 1918 2003  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The contributions of Jean Brossel to atomic physics, in particular to radiofrequency spectroscopy coupled with optical transitions, are presented. His part in the origins of the method, and in its ramifications over a half century in the Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris, are described. A list of publications and the curriculum vitae of Brossel are appended.

Cagnac, Bernard

2005-01-01

25

Jean-Marie Straub.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book covers the life and aesthetic qualities of the work of the European film-maker Jean-Marie Straub (1933- ). It contains introductory chapters on the biography and artistic milieu of Straub and continues with a chapter-by-chapter critical treatment of each of his films: "Machorka-Muff"; "Not Reconciled"; "Chronicle of Anna Magdalena Bach";…

Roud, Richard

26

Introduction to the Scientific Computing Language Pascal-SC.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Microcomputers are now being widely used for small-scale scientific, engineering, and statistical computing. Pascal-SC (Pascal for Scientific Computing) is a language which has been developed specifically for this application. Its most important features ...

L. B. Rall

1985-01-01

27

Multitasking-Pascal extensions solve concurrency problems  

SciTech Connect

To avoid deadlock (one process waiting for a resource than another process can't release) and indefinite postponement (one process being continually denied a resource request) in a multitasking-system application, it is possible to use a high-level development language with built-in concurrency handlers. Parallel Pascal is one such language; it extends standard Pascal via special task synchronizers: a new data type called signal, new system procedures called wait and send and a Boolean function termed awaited. To understand the language's use the author examines the problems it helps solve.

Mackie, P.H.

1982-09-29

28

Compared anatomy of the programming languages Pascal and C  

Microsoft Academic Search

The programming languages PASCAL and C belong to the class of algorithmic compiled languages, and feature comparable facilities. The syntax of C is more regular and enjoys less restrictions than that of PASCAL. Consequently, the syntax of C is significantly simpler than that of the PASCAL language. The design differences are particularly apparent as far as data types, operators, and

Vincent Hayward

1986-01-01

29

Concurrent distributed Pascal: a hands-on introduction to parallelism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines the design and implementation of a software package that supports a laboratorybased, hands-on introduction to parallel programming. More specifically, a language, Concurrent Distributed Pascal (CDP), is described which is an extension of Concurrent Pascal (CoPascal) to support several parallel models, including the distributed MIMD model, where several processors on a network can be used to simuhaneously execute

Michael J. Jipping; Jeffrey R. Toppen; Stephen Weeber

1990-01-01

30

Verification of Array, Record, and Pointer Operations in Pascal  

Microsoft Academic Search

A practical method is presented for automating in a uniform way the verification of Pascal programs that operate on the standard Pascal data structures Array, Record, and Pointer. New assertion language primitives are introduced for describing computational effects of operations on these data structures. Axioms defining the semantics of the new primitives are given. Proof rules for standard Pascal operations

David C. Luckham; Norihisa Suzuki

1979-01-01

31

Pascal's demonstration experiment: Weighing the atmosphere  

Microsoft Academic Search

A full-scale re-enactment of an historic experiment carried out by Pascal in 1646 to demonstrate the principles of barometric pressure to an outdoor audience can provide a dramatic event today for a university open day or a town festival. The script for such a performance is given together with practical details for its production.

J. B. Brown; J. C. Dore; C. Isenberg; S. J. Rogers

1995-01-01

32

The PASCAL Recognising Textual Entailment Challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the PASCAL Net- work of Excellence Recognising Textual Entailment (RTE) Challenge benchmark 1. The RTE task is defined as recognizing, given two text fragments, whether the meaning of one text can be inferred (en- tailed) from the other. This application- independent task is suggested as capturing major inferences about the variability of semantic expression which are commonly

Ido Dagan; Oren Glickman; Bernardo Magnini

2005-01-01

33

The Semantics of PASCAL in LCF.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The authors define a semantics for the arithmetic part of PASCAL by giving it an interpretation in LCF, a language based on the typed lambda-calculus. Programs are represented in terms of their abstract syntax. The authors show sample proofs, using LCF, o...

L. Aiello M. Aiello R. W. Weyhrauch

1974-01-01

34

LRSYS. PASCAL LR(1) Parser Generator System  

Microsoft Academic Search

LRSYS is a complete LR(1) parser generator system written entirely in a portable subset of Pascal. The system, LRSYS, includes a grammar analyzer program (LR) which reads a context-free (BNF) grammar as input and produces LR(1) parsing tables as output, a lexical analyzer generator (LEX) which reads regular expressions created by the REG process as input and produces lexical tables

1985-01-01

35

Application of Pascal Principle in Earth Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Pascal experiment is interpreted and the chamber is roughly defined. Pascal experiment in relation to Pascal principle compared with a chamber in the earth crust. It is conclude that: 1: The pressure (P) inside the Pascal's cylinder is the combination of two pressure; the external pressure (P1) and the hydraulic pressure (P2). Pc=P1+P2 The direction of the force is from top to bottom. In the case of the chamber the pressure is Pch=P1-P2 and its positive direction is regarded to be from bottom to top. P1 is the external pressure, and is the maximum pressure applied to chamber .The external pressure creates a constant internal pressure throughout the chamber .The magnitude of the constant pressure is based on the litho static pressure of the bottom of the chamber; because it is the maximum pressure that the chamber is connected. P1=?1gH+?2gh Where H is the overburden thickness, h is the highness of the chamber, ?1 is the density of the overburden and ?2 is density of country rock. The hydrostatic pressure within the chamber is P2=?3gh. Also ?3 is the density of the chamber. So the pressure inside the chamber would be: Pch=P1-P2 then Pch=?1gH+(?2-?3)gh. The equation above means that, the chamber pressure equals to the overburden pressure plus Archimedes pressure. 2: The word squeezing which is a vulgar word has an important physical meaning that is ((Pascal principle driving movement)).In another word, almost all movements, related to chambers, within the earth are a squeezing event which's, driving force is the steady constant pressure mentioned above. Any change in this pressure depends on the rupturing of the chamber and the behavior of the movement of the chamber matter. 3: If we provide a safety valve on piston of the Pascal's cylinder and increase the load we see the safety valve bursts and the matter inside the cylinder squeeze out .The pressure is from top to bottom but the movement is from bottom to top. The direction of force has changed 180° degree. This is Pascal's miracle and displays the all movements that pierce the earth surface and let the matter squeeze out.

Samimi Namin, M.

2009-12-01

36

The Jean Thomas Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Born in 1881 in Ashland, Kentucky, Jean Thomas defied many social conventions throughout her life, and the world is a richer place for it. In the 1890s, she decided to attend business school and shortly afterwards she became a court reporter. She traveled around Kentucky for her job, and along the way she became quite enamored of the musical traditions across the state. Later in life, she would go on to stage the American Folk Song Festival from 1930 to 1972. Thomas was also a photographer, and this delightful digital collection from the University of Louisville Libraries contains over 1000 of her photographs. Visitors can read an extended biography of Thomas, and then browse or search the collection at their leisure. Some of the subjects covered here include the American Folk Song Festival, live performances, and rural landscapes.

37

Tunneling for a Pascal Profile Superlattice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We follow the idea of a profile modulation in superlattices as done with gaussian profile of Ref.1. In our work we explore a superlattice with a height profile according to the Pascal sequence: 1,2,2,4,2,4,4,8. Our superlattice is based on AlGaAs/GaAs parameters. We used a simple one-band envelope function approximation and the transfer matrix. Some preliminary results will be presented and discussed. For comparison purposes, we also make the calculation of some other profiles. 1. I. Gómez, F. Domínguez-Adame, E. Diez, and V. Bellami, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3916 (1999)

Contreras-Solorio, D. A.; López-Cruz, E.; Pérez-Alvarez, R.

2002-03-01

38

Jeans mass for anisotropic matter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We extend the Jeans instability criterion to systems with anisotropic pressures (principal stresses unequal). We show that instabilities may develop for masses of several orders of magnitude smaller than the corresponding Jeans mass for an ideal locally isotropic gas. Also it shown that the fragmentation ensuing the onset of instabilities may terminate with fragment masses of the order of, or even smaller than, brown dwarfs instead of the solar mass as in the case for locally isotropic gas.

Herrera, L.; Santos, N. O.

1995-01-01

39

What Do You Find? Students Investigating Patterns in Pascal's Triangle  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, students used problem-solving skills to investigate what patterns exist in the Pascal triangle and incorporated technology using Geometer's Sketchpad (GSP) in the process. Students came up with patterns such as natural numbers, triangular numbers, and Fibonacci numbers. Although the patterns inherent in Pascal's triangle may seem…

Obara, Samuel

2012-01-01

40

Developing Formulas by Skipping Rows in Pascal's Triangle  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A table showing the first thirteen rows of Pascal's triangle, where the rows are, as usual numbered from 0 to 12 is presented. The entries in the table are called binomial coefficients. In this note, the authors systematically delete rows from Pascal's triangle and, by trial and error, try to find a formula that allows them to add new rows to the…

Buonpastore, Robert J.; Osler, Thomas J.

2007-01-01

41

On Spectral Approach to Pascal White Noise Functionals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We introduce a one-mode type interacting Fock space {F}NB ( {H}) naturally associated to the negative binomial distribution ?r,?. The Fourier transform in generalized joint eigenvectors of a family {J? ; ? ? ?} of Pascal Jacobi fields provides a way to explicit a unitary isomorphism {U}{r,? } between {F}NB ( {H}) and the so-called Pascal white noise space L2(?', ?r,?). Then, we derive a chaotic decomposition property of the quadratic integrable functionals of the Pascal white noise process in terms of an appropriate wick tensor product.

Barhoumi, Abdessatar; Ouerdiane, Habib; Riahi, Anis

2011-01-01

42

An Axiomatic Definition of the Programming Language PASCAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

The axiomatic definition method proposed in reference [5] is extended and applied to define the meaning of the programming language PASCAL [1]. The whole language is covered with the exception of real arithmetic and go to statements.

C. A. R. Hoare; Niklaus Wirth

1973-01-01

43

Why Pascal is Not My Favorite Programming Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT The programming ,language ,Pascal has become ,the dominant ,language ,of instruction in computer ,science education. ,It has also strongly ,influenced ,lan- guages developed subsequently, in particular Ada. Pascal was originally intended primarily as a teaching language, but it has been more,and more,often recommended,as a language,for serious programming as well, for example, for system programming tasks and even operating systems.

Brian W. Kernighan

1981-01-01

44

Vector Pascal: a computer programming language for the FPS-164 array processor  

SciTech Connect

Support for vector operations in computer programming languages is analyzed to determine if programs employing such operations run faster. The programming language Vector Pascal is defined and compared to Fortran 8X and Actus. Vector Pascal contains definitions for matrix and vector operations and the Vector Pascal compiler translates vector expressions. The Vector Pascal compiler executes on an IBM Personal Computer AT and produces code for a Floating Point Systems FPS-164 Scientific Computer. The standard benchmark LINPACK, which solves systems of linear equations, is transcribed from Fortran to Standard Pascal and Vector Pascal. The Vector Pascal version of LINPACK exploits vector operations defined in the language. The speedup of the Vector Pascal version of LINPACK over the Standard Pascal version is presented.

Turner, T.R.

1987-01-01

45

A tribute to Jean Perrin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nineteenth century's physics was primarily a molecular physics in the style of Laplace. Maxwell had been guided by Laplace's breathtaking nebular hypothesis and its consequences for Saturn. Somewhat later Van der Waals drew upon his analysis of capillarity. The many textbooks of Biot perpetuated the molecularism involved in all this. Jean Perrin, then, proposed a charmingly simple proof for the well-foundedness of the molecular theory (1908).

Kubbinga, Henk

2013-09-01

46

Pascal laser versus conventional laser for treatment of diabetic retinopathy  

PubMed Central

Purpose To compare the safety and efficacy of Pascal laser photocoagulation in comparison with the conventional laser photocoagulation in the treatment of diabetic retinopathy. Patients and methods A prospective randomized case series study was done on 120 procedures done in 120 patients divided into two main groups, group A, patients undergoing focal or modified grid macular laser and group B, patients undergoing panretinal photocoagulation (PRP). Each of the two groups were subdivided into two subgroups randomly in the first we used conventional laser photocoagulation (groups A1 and B1) and in the other we used Pascal laser photocoagulation (groups A2 and B2). Results Procedures in groups A1,2 and in groups B1,2 had successful outcomes. Significantly higher powers were required with the Pascal (groups A2 and B2) than with conventional laser (groups A1 and B1) (p < 0.001) in eyes that underwent PRP and focal/modified grid macular treatment with both systems. No adverse events were noted in all groups. Conclusion The Pascal photocoagulator is safe, rapid, effective, with rapid learning and had short exposure time. Although the shorter pulse duration of the Pascal necessitates the use of a higher power, it is not associated with adverse effects.

Salman, Abdelrahman G.

2011-01-01

47

Jeans instability in a quantum dusty magnetoplasma  

SciTech Connect

Jeans instability in a homogeneous cold quantum dusty plasma in the presence of the ambient magnetic field and the quantum effect arising through the Bohm potential has been examined using the quantum magnetohydrodynamic model. It is found that the Jeans instability is significantly reduced by the presence of the dust-lower-hybrid wave and the ion quantum effect. The minimum wavenumber for Jeans stability depends clearly on ion quantum effect and the dust-lower-hybrid frequency also.

Salimullah, M. [Department of Physics, GC University, Lahore-54000 (Pakistan); Salam Chair in Physics, GC University, Lahore-54000 (Pakistan); Jamil, M.; Shah, H. A. [Department of Physics, GC University, Lahore-54000 (Pakistan); Murtaza, G. [Salam Chair in Physics, GC University, Lahore-54000 (Pakistan)

2009-01-15

48

The Pascal Discovery Mission: A Mars Climate Network Mission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The climate of Mars is a major focus of Mars exploration. With the loss of MCO, however, it remains uncertain how it will be achieved. We argue that a truly dedicated climate mission to Mars should have both orbital and landed components, and that these should operate simultaneously for at least 1 Mars year if not longer. Pascal is a Discovery mission that emphasizes the landed component. Its principal goal is to establish a network of 24 small weather stations on the surface of Mars that will operate for 2 Mars years, with an extended mission option for an additional 8 Mars years bringing the total mission lifetime up to 10 Mars years. The stations will collect hourly measurements of pressure, temperature, and optical depth. After delivering the probes to Mars, Pascal's carrier spacecraft will go into an elliptical orbit which will serve as a relay for the landers, and a platform for synoptic imaging. These simultaneous measurements from the surface and from orbit will allow us to characterize the planet's general circulation and its interaction with the dust, water, and CO2 cycles. During entry, descent, and landing, each of Pascal's 24 probes will also measure the temperature structure of the atmosphere and acquire images of the surface. These data will allow us to determine the global structure of the atmosphere between 15 and 130 km, and characterize the local terrain to help interpret the landed data. The descent images are part of Pascal's outreach program, as the probe camera system will be developed by faculty-supervised student project. The intent is to generate enthusiasm for the Pascal mission by directly involving students. Pascal will be launched on a Delta II-7925 in August of 2005. A type I trajectory will deliver Pascal to Mars in January of 2006. On approach, the three-axis stabilized carrier spacecraft will spring deploy the Pascal probes in 4 separate salvo's of 6 each. Global coverage is achieved with small time-of-arrival adjustments in between each salvo. Pascal's probes utilize an aeroshell, parachute, and crushable material for entry, descent and landing. On the surface, their long life and global coverage is enabled by a Micro Thermal Power Source with demonstrated heritage. After all probes are released, the carrier spacecraft will execute a small burn for insertion into an elliptical orbit. The long lifetime of the Pascal network was chosen in part to maximize the chances that orbital sounding, like that planned with MCO, would occur at some point during the mission. If Pascal is selected for launch in '05, this could occur if MCO-like science is reflown in the '05 opportunity or, if it is reflown in '03, the mission is extended to overlap with Pascal. The combination of temperature sounding from orbit, and surface pressure mapping from the surface will allow a direct determination of the full 3-D wind field for the first time.

Haberle, R. M.; Catling, D. C.; Chassefiere, E.; Forget, F.; Hourdin, F.; Leovy, C. B.; Magalhaes, J.; Mihalov, J.; Pommereau, J. P.; Murphy, J. R.

2000-07-01

49

Jean Francheteau (1943-2010)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Jean Francheteau, pioneering marine geologist and geophysicist, AGU Fellow, and emeritus professor at the University of Brest (Université de Bretagne Occidentale), died on 21 July in St-Renan, Brittany, France, at the age of 67 after a long illness. With his passing, the field of Earth sciences lost a major contributor to the development of a definitive theory of plate tectonics and one of the first to make visual geological observations on the deep seafloor. Such scientific accomplishments, coupled with his personal charm and the ability to collaborate with researchers from many institutions, ensured that he had a huge influence not only on the world of research but also on teaching and the application of ethics to science. Jean arrived at Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla, Calif., in 1966 after obtaining a diploma in mining engineering at the prestigious Éole Nationale Supérieure de la Métallurgie et de l'Industrie des Mines in Nancy, France. He chose Victor Vacquier as his thesis supervisor and began working in Vic's lab with John Sclater, ostensibly on heat flow measurements.

Sclater, John; Le Pichon, Xavier

2010-12-01

50

Construing faith as action won't save Pascal's wager  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arthur Falk has proposed a new construal of faith according to which it is not a mere species of belief, but has essential components in action. This twist on faith promises to resurrect Pascal's Wager, making faith compatible with reason by believing as the scientist but acting as the theist. I argue that Falk's proposal leaves religious faith in no

Stephen Petersen

2007-01-01

51

A comparison of PASCAL and FORTRAN as introductory programming languages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many colleges and universities offer introductory programming classes based on the FORTRAN language. Several of these schools are contemplating a change to a more modern programming language in this first course. The Department of Computer Science at the University of Colorado has recently made the transition from FORTRAN to PASCAL, and this paper offers an informal discussion of the experiences

Gary J. Nutt

1978-01-01

52

The Implementation of Run-Time Diagnostics in Pascal  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the role of run-time diagnostic checking in enforcing the rules of the Pascal programming language. Run-time diagnostic checks must be both complete (covering all language requirements) and efficient. Further, such checks should be implemented so that the cost of enforcing the correct use of a given construct is borne by users of that construct. This paper descxibes

Charles N. Fischer; Richard J. Leblanc

1980-01-01

53

Energy Distributions in Small Populations: Pascal versus Boltzmann  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The theoretical distributions of a limited amount of energy among small numbers of particles with discrete, evenly-spaced quantum levels are examined systematically. The average populations of energy states reveal the pattern of Pascal's triangle. An exact formula for the probability that a particle will be in any given energy state is derived.…

Kugel, Roger W.; Weiner, Paul A.

2010-01-01

54

PASCAL Data Base File Description and Indexing Rules in Chemistry, Biology and Medicine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report on the multidisciplinary PASCAL database describes the files and the indexing rules for chemistry, biology, and medicine. PASCAL deals with all aspects of chemistry within two subfiles whose combined yearly growth is about 100,000 references. The Biopascal file, organized in the two subfiles of Plant Science and Biology and Medicine,…

Gaillardin, R.; And Others

55

Language Parallel Pascal and other aspects of the massively parallel processor  

SciTech Connect

A high level language for the Massively Parallel Processor (MPP) was designed. This language, called Parallel Pascal, is described in detail. A description of the language design, a description of the intermediate language, Parallel P-Code, and details for the MPP implementation are included. Formal descriptions of Parallel Pascal and Parallel P-Code are given. A compiler was developed which converts programs in Parallel Pascal into the intermediate Parallel P-Code language. The code generator to complete the compiler for the MPP is being developed independently. A Parallel Pascal to Pascal translator was also developed. The architecture design for a VLSI version of the MPP was completed with a description of fault tolerant interconnection networks. The memory arrangement aspects of the MPP are discussed and a survey of other high level languages is given.

Reeves, A.P.; Bruner, J.D.

1982-01-01

56

Prior on an insolubilium of Jean Buridan  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present Prior’s discussion of a puzzle about valditity found in the writings of the fourteenth-century French logician\\u000a Jean Buridan and show how Prior’s study of this puzzle may have provided the conceptual inspiration for his development of\\u000a hybrid logic.

Sara L. Uckelman

57

Prior on an insolubilium of Jean Buridan  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present Prior's discussion of a puzzle about valditity found in the writings of the 14th-century French logician Jean Buridan and show how Prior's study of this puzzle may have provided the conceptual inspiration for Prior's development of hybrid logic.

Sara L. Uckelman

2008-01-01

58

Jean Rotz and the Marine Chart, 1542  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper was first published in the Journal in 1954 (Vol. 7, p. 138). It is followed by comments from Michael Richey.At the time (1542) when Jean Rotz presented Henry VIII with a variation compass, and an accompanying treatise on its making and use, the question of magnetic variation was an acute one. It formed part of a wider controversy

E. G. R. Taylor

1997-01-01

59

Jean Piaget Archives Bibliography on Mental Retardation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography lists all entries from the Jean Piaget Archives Catalogues dealing with mental retardation. The list, including almost 200 entries, encompasses four works by Piaget himself, one collaboration, and 189 works by other authors. Entries are arranged in order by their publication in one of the 12 catalogues of the archives, providing…

Bolton, Susie; And Others

60

Avoiding the Negative: Blue Jeans Baseball  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Blue Jeans Baseball, for eight- to twelve-year old children, is based on the concept that everyone plays. No coaches are allowed; everyone bats once per inning; defensive players rotate positions. These and other rules reduce the emphasis on competition and increase the emphasis on skill development. (MJB)|

Maggard, Bob

1978-01-01

61

Computer Corner: A Note on Pascal's Triangle and Simple Random Sampling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the algorithm used to select a simple random sample of certain size without having to list all possible samples and a justification based on Pascal's triangle. Provides testing results by various computers. (YP)|

Wright, Tommy

1989-01-01

62

Periumbilical allergic contact dermatitis: blue jeans or belt buckles?  

PubMed

Nickel is the most ubiquitous contact allergen among children and adolescents. Metal blue jeans buttons and belts have been noted to cause nickel dermatitis around the umbilicus. For these children, traditional teaching is strict avoidance of all pants with metal snaps/buttons, particularly blue jeans. In this study we tested 90 pairs of blue jeans and 47 belts for nickel using the dimethylglyoxime spot test. Only 10% of blue jeans tested positive, while 53% of belts tested positive. Furthermore, 10 pairs of nickel-negative blue jeans remained negative after 10 washings. Overall we found no resistance to testing in clothing stores. From these results, we recommend that patients with allergic contact dermatitis secondary to nickel need not strictly avoid blue jeans and metal belt buckles. Rather, families should be encouraged to use the dimethylglyoxime spot test to test these items for nickel prior to purchase. PMID:15165199

Byer, Tara T; Morrell, Dean S

63

Jean-Marie Mariotti Center for Interferometry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Jean-Marie Mariotti Center is a network of 11 French Institutes, Laboratories or Observatories, appointed by CNRS in 2000. It coordinates the efforts of the member institutes to offer all the potential users of interferometric facilities the best operational environment, providing software, academic formation and stimulating the prospective on new interferometric developments. At present, besides academic formation, the major effort is focused on the development of the software to prepare the observations, to reduce the data and to interpret the results in terms of models or reconstructed images. In this contribution, we describe the achievements and the future plans of the Mariotti Center.

Chelli, Alain; Duvert, Gilles; Bonneau, Daniel; Perrin, Guy S.; Thiebaut, Eric M.; Mourard, Denis; Petrov, Romain G.; Cruzalebes, Pierre; Lopez, Bruno; Malbet, Fabien; Daigne, Gerard; Ollivier, Marc

2003-02-01

64

A Family Account of Autism: Life with Jean-Paul.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article recounts the experiences of a family with a son with autism. Jean-Paul's two sisters, his brother, cousin, grandmother, father, and mother contribute their perspectives. Jean-Paul also speaks for himself. This account traces his life from his early childhood to independent adulthood. (Author/CR)|

Donnelly, Julie A.; Bovee, Jean-Paul; Donnelly, Sylvia Jane; Donnelly, Lisa Kathleen; Donnelly, Joad Roy; Donnelly, Michael Fain; Walter, Alice Stephens; Callaghan, Molly Ray

2000-01-01

65

Tribute to Jean-Marie Mariotti  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Jean-Marie Mariotti (1955 - 1998) prematurely passed away after too short a career of optician and astronomer. With his students, his contributions to the nascent field of high angular resolution at optical wavelengths, and especially to interferometry, both on the ground and in space, have been remarkable. Pioneering the use of single-mode optical fibers and integrated optics, he pushed the accuracy of visibility (amplitude) measurements to a fraction of a percent. His vision of a Mauna Kea kilometric interferometer using the existing giant telescopes is now becoming a reality with the 'OHANA project. His role in the emergence of the Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI) and in the birth of the space mission DARWIN for exoplanets studies has been essential.

Lena, Pierre J.

2003-02-01

66

Jean Rotz and the Marine Chart, 1542  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper was first published in the Journal in 1954 (Vol. 7, p. 138). It is followed by comments from Michael Richey.At the time (1542) when Jean Rotz presented Henry VIII with a variation compass, and an accompanying treatise on its making and use, the question of magnetic variation was an acute one. It formed part of a wider controversy concerning the general validity of the sea-chart which had been raised among seamen. As to this, Dr Pedro Nunez, writing a treatise in 1537 addressed to his friend and pupil the Infante Dom Luys of Portugal, said that there were skilled pilots who derided the chart and declared it to be - the falsest thing in the world. Hastening to its defence, Nunez dealt at length with the navigating errors introduced by ignoring the convergence of the meridians, and showed besides that a rhumb, or line of constant bearing was a spiral curve on the globe.

Taylor, E. G. R.

67

The Blue Jean Generation: Youth, Gender, and Sexuality in Buenos Aires, 1958“1975  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reconstructs the life story of a commodity, the blue jean, in 1960s and 1970s Buenos Aires. It analyzes how the blue jean was commercialized, who wore it, and the meanings they attributed to the jeans. In addition, it explores the cultural representations of the blue jean and analyzes the debates it sparked in the public arena, which revolved

Valeria Manzano

2009-01-01

68

Edith Stein and Jean Paul Sartre: A Possibile Comparison?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Edith Stein and Jean Paul Sartre: a possibile compariso? takes into account three possible areas of investigation: their respective visions of the human being or their philosophical\\u000a anthropology, relation with others, and the problem of God.

Anna Maria Pezzella

69

[Jean Chièze (1898-1975), medical engraver and illustrator].  

PubMed

As an imaginative and sensitive woodcutter Jean Chièze illustrated more than 130 books and realised many draws, paintings and lithographs and about 2000 engravings. He took part in some editions about Rabelais, Hippocrates, Galen and Ambroise Paré. PMID:21598562

Bouday, Etienne

70

Jean Piaget et sa Recherche: Search and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The early influences on and development of Jean Piaget's thinking from which crystallized the ideas forming the foundation of his subsequent work are discussed. The influences noted are personal, intellectual, and professional. (MSE)|

Gray, Elspeth M.

1981-01-01

71

The Living Sea Love of Jean-Michel Cousteau  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the role of Jean-Michel Cousteau as designer of the Living Sea Museum, which is located aboard the Queen Mary at Long Beach, California. Also outlines some of the design projects that he plans for the future. (JR)|

Riddle, Jan

1973-01-01

72

Jean Piaget et sa Recherche: Search and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The early influences on and development of Jean Piaget's thinking from which crystallized the ideas forming the foundation of his subsequent work are discussed. The influences noted are personal, intellectual, and professional. (MSE)

Gray, Elspeth M.

1981-01-01

73

Effects of Pascal and FORTRAN Programming on the Problem-Solving Abilities of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study that was conducted to determine whether learning to program a computer in Pascal or FORTRAN improved problem-solving skills of college students when compared to a control group and to determine which programing language was more effective in the development of problem-solving abilities. (26 references) (LRW)

Choi, Won Sik; Repman, Judi

1993-01-01

74

Effects of Pascal and FORTRAN Programming on the Problem-Solving Abilities of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a study that was conducted to determine whether learning to program a computer in Pascal or FORTRAN improved problem-solving skills of college students when compared to a control group and to determine which programing language was more effective in the development of problem-solving abilities. (26 references) (LRW)|

Choi, Won Sik; Repman, Judi

1993-01-01

75

Jean-Louis Vignes: California's forgotten winemaker.  

PubMed

This article represents a first step in the process of restoring the legacy of pioneer California winemaker Jean-Louis Vignes (1780–1862). Vignes was a native of France who established and operated a commercial winery (El Aliso) in Los Angeles for 22 years (1833–1855). The article includes the first known photograph of Vignes discovered by the author. While prominent twentieth-century American wine historians have acknowledged Vignes, the author emphasizes a key distinction made by French historian Leonce Jore. Vignes left France to go to the Sandwich Islands as part of a commercial enterprise that traveled with Catholic missionaries (Picpus Fathers). Only after five years of frustration did Vignes move to Los Angeles and establish a winery. The author uses the remembrances of well-known nineteenth-century commentator William Heath Davis [Seventy-Five Years in California (San Francisco, 1929)] to give some personal insights into Vignes as a winemaker. Davis visited him at El Aliso three times as a young man and lived long enough (1909) to validate Vignes’s vision for the potential of winemaking in California. The article also includes the first known full citation for Vignes’s gravesite at Evergreen Cemetery in Los Angeles. PMID:21591314

Macconnell, Scott

2011-01-01

76

From blue jeans to blue genes.  

PubMed

Cutaneous venous anomalies are common. They are blue and vary in size, number, and location and account for most consultations at specialized interdisciplinary clinics for vascular anomalies. Venous lesions are clinically important because they cause pain, dysfunction, destruction of adjacent tissues, and esthetic concern. Only resection and sclerotherapy are helpful, although not always curative. Understanding etiopathogenesis could help design animal models and develop novel therapeutic approaches. John B. Mulliken, MD, envisioned a project to uncover the genetic basis of an inherited form of venous malformation in a large New England family. Recruitment of 2 young fellows resulted in a collaborative project that unraveled the searched-for gene and its mutation. This was an opening for a new era in vascular anomalies. Two blue genes' mutations were discovered, which account for most, if not all, of the inherited forms of venous anomalies, but other genes as well, for rheologically diverse lesions. Differential diagnosis and management has improved, and animal models are being made. This was achieved through the help of Dr Mulliken, who inspired 2 young investigators in blue jeans to find 2 blue genes. PMID:19190503

Boon, Laurence M; Vikkula, Miikka

2009-03-01

77

FROM BLUE JEANS TO BLUE GENES  

PubMed Central

Cutaneous venous anomalies are common. They are blue in color and vary in size, number and location, and account for the majority of consultations at specialized interdisciplinary clinics for vascular anomalies. Venous lesions are clinically important as they cause pain, dysfunction, destruction of adjacent tissues and esthetic concern. Only resection and sclerotherapy are helpful, although not always curative. Understanding etiopathogenesis could help design animal models and develop novel therapeutic approaches. Dr Mulliken envisioned a project to uncover the genetic basis of an inherited form of venous malformation in a large New England family. Recruitment of two young fellows resulted in a collaborative project that unraveled the searched-for-gene and its mutation. This was an opening for a new era in the field of vascular anomalies. Two blue genes’ mutations were discovered, which account for the majority, if not all, of the inherited forms of venous anomalies, but other genes as well, for rheologically diverse lesions. Differential diagnosis and management has improved, and animal models are being made. This was achieved thanks to Dr Mulliken, who inspired two young investigators in blue jeans to find two blue genes.

Boon, Laurence M.; Vikkula, Miikka

2010-01-01

78

Jeans' criterion and nonextensive velocity distribution function in kinetic theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effect of nonextensivity of self-gravitating systems on the Jeans' criterion for gravitational instability is studied in the framework of Tsallis statistics. The nonextensivity is introduced in the Jeans problem by a generalized q-nonextensive velocity distribution function through the equation of state of ideal gas in nonextensive kinetic theory. A new Jeans' criterion is deduced with a factor sqrt(2/(5-3q)) that, however, differs from that one in [Astron. Astrophys. 396 (2002) 309] and new results of gravitational instability are analyzed for the nonextensive parameter q. An understanding of physical meaning of q and a possible seismic observation to find astronomical evidence for a value of q different from unity are also discussed.

Jiulin, Du

2004-01-01

79

Pascal's wager: combining continuous glucose monitoring and continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion.  

PubMed

Pascal's Wager is a suggestion posed by the French Philosopher, Blaise Pascal, that even though the existence of God cannot be determined through reason, a person should wager that God exists because he or she has everything to gain and nothing to lose. In the area of consideration here, the optimum experimental trial of the combined use of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion and real-time continuous glucose monitoring in free-living individuals with type 1 diabetes providing rock-solid evidence of clinical benefit has not been performed. Nevertheless, there is considerable enthusiasm for combining the technologies among healthcare professionals, patients, and manufacturers based on the belief that this approach to diabetes care must be beneficial beyond the available evidence (i.e., reason). PMID:20515306

Kerr, David; Olateju, Tolu

2010-06-01

80

[Comment on “The Haskell Norm”] About Pascal and the unit of viscosity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I cannot leave unchallenged the assertion that Blaise (not Blasé) Pascal “was a nice man who essentially just used Torricelli's equipment to measure pressure.” I must answer the question of "What in Blasé's background qualified him for the viscosity honor?” (Eos, July 30,1996, p. 291).Blaise Pascal, who was borm in 1623, was a genius indeed. In 1653, 34 years before Newton's Principia, he laid the foundations of hydrostatics. When he was 12 years old, he mastered, again by himself, Euclid's geometry up to the 32nd proposition. At 16, he wrote a fine essay on conics. At 19, he devised and constructed the first mechanical computer in the world. At 29, in addition to his work on fluids, he helped Pierre Fermat set up probability theory and differential calculus. He was also a mystic and a great Christian thinker who wrote outstanding thoughts that were discovered after he died at the early age of 39.

Lliboutry, Louis A.

81

Initial experience with the Pascal photocoagulator: a pilot study of 75 procedures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background:The Pascal is a semiautomated photocoagulator that delivers a pattern array of multiple burns in a rapid predetermined sequence with a single foot pedal depression. Each burn is reduced to 10 or 20 ms to achieve this. The authors report their early experience with this system.Methods:75 procedures done in 60 patients divided into four groups—group A, patients undergoing panretinal photocoagulation

C Sanghvi; R McLauchlan; C Delgado; L Young; S J Charles; G Marcellino; P E Stanga

2008-01-01

82

Parallel p-code for parallel Pascal and other high level languages  

SciTech Connect

Parallel p-code is an intermediate compiler language for parallel processors. It was originally designed as part of a parallel Pascal compiler for NASA's massively parallel processor (MPP). However, it should also be suitable for a wide variety of high level languages and parallel architectures. Parallel p-code is based on a p-code language for serial processors. The authors describe the extensions which were necessary for the parallel environment. 6 references.

Bruner, J.D.; Reeves, A.P.

1983-01-01

83

Parallel P-code for Parallel Pascal and other high level languages  

SciTech Connect

Parallel P-code is an intermediate compiler language for parallel processors. It was originally designed as part of a Parallel Pascal compiler for NASA's Massively Parallel Processor (MPP). However, it should also be suitable for a wide variety of high level languages and parallel architectures. Parallel P-code is based on a P-code language for serial processors; this paper describes the extensions which were necessary for the parallel environment.

Bruner, J.D.; Reeves, A.P.

1983-07-21

84

Kinetic theory of Jeans instability of a dusty plasma.  

PubMed

A kinetic theory of the Jeans instability of a dusty plasma has been developed in the present work. The effect of grain charge fluctuations due to the attachment of electrons and ions to the grain surface has been considered in the framework of Krook's collisional model. We demonstrate that the grain charge fluctuations alter the growth rate of the gravitational collapse of the dusty plasma. The Jeans length has been derived under limiting cases, and its dependence on the attachment frequency is shown. In the absence of gravity, we see that the damping rate of the dust acoustic mode is proportional to the electron-dust collision frequency. PMID:11970688

Pandey, B P; Lakhina, G S; Krishan, V

1999-12-01

85

Jean Vanier: An Alternative Voice for the Social Work Profession  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social work has tended, in recent years toward an embrace of professionalism and of praxis founded in science and management theory. This article proposes that social work, in its narrowing emphasis on evidence-based practice and on professionalism, moves not only away from its founding traditions, but ignores the informal and unarticulated interventions of its own practitioners. The thought of Jean

Anne Marie Walsh

2011-01-01

86

Man, philosopher and artist in Jean-Paul Sartre  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this paper is on the intersection of Jean-Paul Sartre's existential philosophy concept of human being, his aesthetic theory and consequent art production. After a short outline of his conception of human existence the first part introduces Sartre's aesthetic views on art considered in two different and to a great extent antithetical forms: as an existential appeal to

Libor Drlík

2005-01-01

87

Whimsical Imagery: An Interview with Jean Nunez Donegan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents an interview with Jean Nunez Donegan focusing on: her career as an artist; her experiences with teaching art at the secondary and college levels; her process for creating art; and her development as an artist. Includes directions for creating a branch with leaves and bamboo using clay. (CMK)|

Gamble, Harriet

2001-01-01

88

Karl Popper and Jean Piaget: A Rationale for Constructivism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current faddish use of the term constructivism has taken on as many different definitions as the number of people attempting to define it. This essay clarifies the meaning of constructivism through an examination of Karl Popper's and Jean Piaget's theories. The authors provide a rationale for the use of Popper's paradigm of "Three Worlds" and…

Harlow, Steve; Cummings, Rhoda; Aberasturi, Suzanne M.

2006-01-01

89

Conceptual Development: Piaget's Legacy. Jean Piaget Symposium Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on the papers presented at the 1996 Symposium of the Jean Piaget Society and highlighting the extent to which Piaget's ideas have served to scaffold contemporary thinking about every aspect of conceptual development, this volume examines the nature of conceptual development, its foundations, and the sources of its novelties. The chapters…

Scholnick, Ellin K., Ed.; Nelson, Katherine, Ed.; Gelman, Susan A., Ed.; Miller, Patricia H., Ed.

90

Jean-Martin Charcot Pathologist, Neurologist, Psychiatrist and Physician  

PubMed Central

Jean-Martin Charcot is known as father of modern neurology. Before him, neurology was only limited to select disorders like chorea. His contributions were not limited to neurology only, as he was instrumental in many new developments in the field of pathology, psychiatry, and internal medicine. Even after 100 years, Charcot`s clinical methods remain the pillar of modern neurology.

Pandey, Sanjay

2012-01-01

91

Jean Chrétien's legacy in managing Canadian?American relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Grasping for power in the shadow of Brian Mulroney's highly unpopular support for the foreign policy of Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush, Jean Chrétien promised in his 1993 “Red Book” to maintain some distance from the White House, and to demonstrate more autonomy in his foreign policy. However, since the Chrétien government had much in common with the

Stephen Clarkson; Erick Lachappelle

2005-01-01

92

Cocteau on the Film; Conversations with Jean Cocteau.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is the text of an interview with the French film-maker, Jean Cocteau. It is the corrected edition, with a new introduction by George Amberg, of the English translation of the early 1950 conversation in French. Cocteau discusses the aesthetics, creative aspects, and production processes of his own films and films in general. His approach…

Fraigneau, Andre, Ed.

93

Dionysian Distance: Reading Nietzsche with Jean-Luc Marion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis explores the Dionysian currents in the work of Friedrich Nietzsche through the motifs identified by Catholic philosopher Jean-Luc Marion. Marion's study of Nietzsche, conducted primarily in his text The Idol and Distance, focuses on the interest the latter took in sounding out the idols of the metaphysical tradition. Marion suggests that Nietzsche allows the reader to imagine the

Julia Thiessen

2010-01-01

94

Jean Piaget: An Introduction and Reader's Guide for Children's Librarians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces children's librarians to the theories of cognitive growth in children formulated by Jean Piaget. An annotated bibliography of three primary and 16 secondary references is provided to promote insight and to reinforce commitment to children's services. Five references are listed. (RAA)

Getts, Marilyn; Giacoma, Pete

1981-01-01

95

The Genetic Psychologies of James Mark Baldwin and Jean Piaget.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the ideas proposed by James Mark Baldwin which anticipated much of Jean Piaget's work. The goals, genetic approach, and epistemological assumptions underlying Piaget's inquiry into cognitive development found explicit statement in Baldwin's work. Discusses Baldwin's current importance for psychology. (Author/CB)

Cahan, Emily D.

1984-01-01

96

Reflections on Piaget. Proceedings of the Jean Piaget Memorial Conference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sessions of and presentations given at a memorial conference, held in honor of Jean Piaget, are reported. The conference was sponsored by the Developmental Psychology Program at Teachers College, Columbia University, on November 14, 1980. Sixteen scholars from the fields of psychology, philosophy, and education participated. (CJ)

Broughton, John M., Ed.; And Others

1981-01-01

97

Hannah Arendt & Jean Baudrillard: Pedagogy in the Consumer Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the place of education within our ''consumers society'', beginning with Hannah Arendts account of the rise of consumerism to a position of political dominance and the resulting eclipse of public life. Connections are then made between Arendts account of this rise and Jean Baudrillards account of the postmodern proliferation of signs and the transformation of the sign

Trevor Norris

2006-01-01

98

UMA ABORDAGEM DA PERSPECTIVA DO POLÊMICO JEAN BAUDRILLARD  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article presents the polemic ideas of the french sociologist Jean Baudrillard, who since the 1970 decade has been proposing reflections in his texts about the new configurations of the contemporary society, discussing the matter of power, the social collapse, the hyper-realism and also the present state of the arts and culture. This study discusses the central themes of some

Simone Regina Dias

99

Garment washed jeans: impact of launderings on physical properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper reports on the effects of laundering on physical properties (pilling and edge abrasion) of washed denim fabrics. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Garment washed denim blue jeans were subjected to repeated launderings; the effects of the cycles on pilling and edge abrasion were determined. Data were collected by means of a laboratory experimental factorial design. Analysis of variance was

Ayanna Card; Mary Ann Moore; Mary Ankeny

2006-01-01

100

PaScal - a new parallel and scalable server IO networking infrastructure for supporting global storage\\/file systems in large-size Linux clusters  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the design and implementation of a new I\\/O networking infrastructure, named PaScal (parallel and scalable I\\/O networking framework). PaScal is used to support high data bandwidth IP based global storage systems for large scale Linux clusters. PaScal has several unique properties. It employs (1) Multi-level switch-fabric interconnection network by combining high speed interconnects for computing inter-process communication

Gary Grider; Hsing-bung Chen; James Nunez; Steve Poole; Rosie Wacha; Parks Fields; R. Martinez; P. Martinez; S. Khalsa; A. Matthews; G. Gibson

2006-01-01

101

THERMALLY DRIVEN ATMOSPHERIC ESCAPE: TRANSITION FROM HYDRODYNAMIC TO JEANS ESCAPE  

SciTech Connect

Thermally driven escape from planetary atmospheres changes in nature from an organized outflow (hydrodynamic escape) to escape on a molecule-by-molecule basis (Jeans escape) with increasing Jeans parameter, {lambda}, the ratio of the gravitational to thermal energy of the atmospheric molecules. This change is described here for the first time using the direct simulation Monte Carlo method. When heating is predominantly below the lower boundary of the simulation region, R{sub 0}, and well below the exobase of a single-component atmosphere, the nature of the escape process changes over a surprisingly narrow range of Jeans parameters, {lambda}{sub 0}, evaluated at R{sub 0}. For an atomic gas, the transition occurs over {lambda}{sub 0} {approx} 2-3, where the lower bound, {lambda}{sub 0} {approx} 2.1, corresponds to the upper limit for isentropic, supersonic outflow. For {lambda}{sub 0} > 3 escape occurs on a molecule-by-molecule basis and we show that, contrary to earlier suggestions, for {lambda}{sub 0} > {approx}6 the escape rate does not deviate significantly from the familiar Jeans rate. In a gas composed of diatomic molecules, the transition shifts to {lambda}{sub 0} {approx} 2.4-3.6 and at {lambda}{sub 0} > {approx}4 the escape rate increases a few tens of percent over that for the monatomic gas. Scaling by the Jeans parameter and the Knudsen number, these results can be applied to thermally induced escape of the major species from solar and extrasolar planets.

Volkov, Alexey N.; Johnson, Robert E.; Tucker, Orenthal J.; Erwin, Justin T. [Materials Science and Engineering Department, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4745 (United States)

2011-03-10

102

African Art Now: Masterpieces from the Jean Pignozzi Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Masterpieces from the Jean Pignozzi Collection is an exhibition currently on view at the National Museum of African Art (NMAfA) in Washington D.C., organized by the Pignozzi Collection-Contemporary African Art Collection (CAAC) and the Museum of Fine Arts Houston, and funded by Continental Airlines. The show features works by 28 African artists from 15 African countries, whose works have been collected by Swiss photographer Jean Pignozzi. Pignozzi began collecting African art in 1989, and has amassed a collection of over 6,000 pieces. The web exhibition is arranged into 3 sections and the first two: Apartheid & Africa and Kinshasa provide background information. The third section, Artist Works and Biographies, includes biographical sketches and photographs of the 28 artists, and examples of at least one of each artists' works, such as Bodys Isek Kingelez fantastical architectural constructions, or Romuald Hazoumé's masks, or (one of the few women in the show) Esther Mahlangu's brightly colored murals.

Pigozzi, Jean C.

2005-01-01

103

Nickel dermatitis provoked by buttons in blue jeans.  

PubMed

A total of 79 nickel-sensitive patients (65 women, 14 men) were examined with regard to a present or past eczema corresponding to contact with metallic buttons in blue jeans; 63% of the women and 64% of the men had or had had eczema of this kind. Among 40% of the women below 30 years this was the primary site of manifestation. The seriousness of this sensitivity is illustrated by the fact that two-thirds of the nickel sensitive patients with button dermatitis had or had had eczema of the hands. The conclusion is that blue jean buttons should be made of a material which does not contain nickel, for instance zinc alloys which are presently used for some metallic buttons, or they should be designed in such a way that the button does not directly contact the skin. PMID:455961

Brandrup, F; Larsen, F S

1979-05-01

104

Jean Dorat and the reception of Homer in Renaissance France  

Microsoft Academic Search

Jean Dorat (1508–88), the guide and mentor of several poets of the Pl?iade, gave a series of lectures on books 10–12 of theOdyssey which were partially preserved in lecture notes taken by a student. These notes, now housed in the Ambrosian Library in Milan,\\u000a provide a useful insight into his teaching methods. His discussion of the text is largely aimed

Philip Ford

1995-01-01

105

Jean-Marie Mariotti (1955 - 28 July 1998).  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Jean-Marie Mariotti, head of the VLTI programme at ESO since the fall of 1997, passed away at the age of 43 on July 28 in Munich, taken by a sudden and acute leukaemia. Together with his wife, Françoise, and their children, Appolline and Octave (6 and 3 years old), a brief ceremony was held on July 31 at the Ost-Friedhof in Munich, attended by his family and a number of his ESO friends and colleagues.

Léna, P.

1998-09-01

106

Elzéard Bouffier, Jean Giono’s Ecological Saint  

Microsoft Academic Search

Known primarily as a sort of conservationist manifesto, Jean Giono’s short story “L’Homme qui plantait des arbres” has for\\u000a the most part been overlooked by literary critics. Those studies that do exist tend to focus on themes and ecological message\\u000a almost to the exclusion of the story’s protagonist, Elzéard Bouffier. But a close reading of the work suggests that, as

Kathy Comfort

2011-01-01

107

Jean Baudrillard, un French theorist en sciences des organisations?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Il est curieux de souligner combien Jean Baudrillard est considéré par le monde académique anglo–américain et scandinave, avec d'autres auteurs tels que Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault, etc., comme un des auteurs français majeurs en sciences des organisations, comme si les apports des collègues français de la discipline n'existaient pas ou, en tous les cas, bénéficiaient d'une ignorance internationale telle que

Yvon Pesqueux

2009-01-01

108

BOOK REVIEW: Jean-Charles Houzeau et son temps  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a wonderful book. It describes the life and work of Belgian astronomer Jean-Charles Houzeau (1820-1888) and, as the last three words of the title indicate, it has a broader focus including the social, industrial and scientific context of the second part of the 19th century. This is set in a very broad international social context including social revolutions

C. Sterken; P. Verhas

2002-01-01

109

Pascal's Triangle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page shows the many different patterns found in the horizontal and diagonal rows of Pascalâs Triangle. The page details how the triangle can be used to answer questions regarding the number of heads and tails in coin tossing and combinations of objects and contains links to related questions and activities.

2012-01-01

110

Sistema de Tabulaci on de Coecientes Binomiales o Tri angulo de Pascal: un Modelo Num erico Rasga el Telar de los Tiempos Binomial Coecients' Tabulation System or Pascal's Triangle: a Numeric Model Rips the Loom of Time  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most famous numeric models of the History of Mathematics, Pascal's triangle, shows us its origin and shuttling throug the loom of time, since its oriental creation, almost magi- cal and forgotten, until becoming rooted in the occidental world.

Mara Cristina; Solaeche Galera

111

Transfer Function of Multi-Stage Active Filters: A Solution Based on Pascal's Triangle and a General Expression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A method is proposed to simplify analytical computations of the transfer function for electrical circuit filters, which are made from repetitive identical stages. A method based on the construction of Pascal's triangle is introduced and then a general solution from two initial conditions is provided for the repetitive identical stage. The present…

Levesque, Luc

2012-01-01

112

Response to Louise Pascale, "Dispelling the Myth of the Non-Singer: Embracing Two Aesthetics for Singing"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this response to Pascale, the author agrees that the conventional Western view of music in the schools is rooted in classical traditions that value performance, perfection, and virtuosity and that these views may lead to the assumptions regarding singing. She questions, however, whether this conventional view permeates the beliefs of those…

Lind, Vicki R.

2005-01-01

113

A Response to Louise Pascale, "Dispelling the Myth of the Non-Singer: Embracing Two Aesthetics for Singing"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In her paper, Louise Pascale encouraged a redefinition of the word "singer" and suggested ways to make it apply to a broader spectrum of people. The problem with the current definition, she believes, is that it is outdated and needs to be changed in order to better embrace the ideals of current society. Maya Hoover, responds by saying that in…

Hoover, Maya

2005-01-01

114

Comparison of Pascal and the dBASE III PLUS Language in Programming an Inventory Management System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Before the widespread use of Database Management Systems (DBMS), programmers have had to rely on the third generation language such as COBOL, Pascal, and PL/I to implement their application programs. These programs are usually very hard to maintain and mo...

T. Chang

1987-01-01

115

[Jean Hachette, pharmacist of Maison royale de Santé, complementary biography].  

PubMed

Until 1814, Jean Hachette (1775-1840) practised as a military pharmacist and then as a hospital pharmacist in Paris. For him both professional and personal aspects of his life were affected by his fondness for gambling. His son, Louis (1800-1860), famous businessman and publisher, tempted to introduce him again to the authorities as military pharmacist in 1830 when he had to resign after a dispute with professeur Duméril (1774-1860). So, Hachette ended his career at the military hospital of Longwy. These facts are attested by archives documents. PMID:11944657

Trépardoux, F

2001-01-01

116

Jean Piaget: Images of a life and his factory.  

PubMed

In this article, I use a new book about Jean Piaget to introduce a new historical method: examining "psychological factories." I also discuss some of the ways that "Great Men" are presented in the literature, as well as opportunities for new projects if one approaches the history of the discipline differently and examines the conditions that made that greatness possible. To that end, the article includes many details about Piaget that have never before been discussed in English. Attention is drawn, in particular, to Piaget's collaborators: the hundreds of workers at his factory in Geneva, many of whom were women. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:23397918

Burman, Jeremy Trevelyan

2012-08-01

117

Jeans: A Comparison of Perceptions of Meaning in Korea and The United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this research was to determine what similarities or differences in meaning develop when one product, blue jeans, developed in one culture, is used in another. Students' perceptions of blue jeans in the United States and Korea were the focus of this research. A questionnaire translated into the language of the respective country consisted of open-ended, short-answer questions

Marilyn DeLong; AeRan Koh; Nancy Nelson; Anne Ingvoldstad

1998-01-01

118

Of Snakes and Men: Toni and Slade Morrison's and Pascal Lemaître's Adaptations of Aesop in Who's Got Game?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Toni and Slade Morrison and Pascal Lemaître’s reworkings of three of Aesop’s fables, collected in a combined edition under the title of Who’s Got Game? in 2007, were fi rst published as individual children’s books in 2003, each bearing a main title relating to the ancient original but framing its title signifi cantly as a question: The Ant or the

Rebecca Ferguson

2011-01-01

119

Billie Jean Isbell Andean Collection: Images from the Andes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Billie Jean Isbell began researching the Andes with her 1967 honors' thesis, and she has returned many times since then and documented her research and travels. This very compelling digital collection brings together around 1500 photographs that she took in and around the Andes, along with a selection of indigenous music and her ethnography, "To Defend Ourselves: Ecology and Ritual in an Andean Village". Visitors can get started by looking at the "Collection Highlights" area which includes thematic areas like "Gender", "Rituals", and "Protest Art". The "Vertical Ecology of the Andes" area is a true gem, and it contains photographs and other materials that document the ecological zones throughout the region. Additionally, the "Resources" area contains detailed citations on the papers that have been produced as a result of Isbell's work, along with other related publications.

120

[Biographical notice on Jean Sedillot Le Jeune (1757-1840)].  

PubMed

The author relates the main facts of Jean Sédillot junior's life and work. This man coming from a generation of doctors in medicine gives a good example of a certain type of eighteen century's surgeons doctors well trained by the Royal Academy of Surgery attested by the excellence of his knowledge on surgery and medicine also, for he was a former doctor at Rheims University so it is not a surprise to find him as a promoter of the medicine Society of Paris and later as the editor of the of the well known newspaper usually called "Le Journal de Sédillot", the first post-revolutionary newspaper which is the best image of early 19th century surgical and medical knowledge and also perhaps the precursor of future monthly newspapers with acute glances on foreign literature about medicine and surgery. PMID:11625050

Ségal, A

1996-01-01

121

The early evolution of Jean Piaget's clinical method.  

PubMed

This article analyzes the early evolution of Jean Piaget's renowned "clinical method" in order to investigate the method's strikingly original and generative character. Throughout his 1st decade in the field, Piaget frequently discussed and justified the many different approaches to data collection he used. Analysis of his methodological progression during this period reveals that Piaget's determination to access the genuine convictions of children eventually led him to combine 3 distinct traditions in which he had been trained-naturalistic observation, psychometrics, and the psychiatric clinical examination. It was in this amalgam, first evident in his 4th text, that Piaget discovered the clinical dynamic that would drive the classic experiments for which he is most well known. PMID:17152748

Mayer, Susan Jean

2005-11-01

122

History of Medicine Jean Marc Gaspard Itard - 1774-1838.  

PubMed

Here is the history of French physician and otologist, Jean Marc Gaspard Itard (1774-1838). As physician for the Institute for Deaf Mutes in Paris, Dr. Itard became responsible for the care and civilization of the "wild boy of Aveyron," also known as, "The Wild Child" of the Truffaut movie. Their encounter became the first carefully recorded effort to train a culturally deprived individual on a one-to-one basis, or perhaps on any basis. Dr. Itard's work lead directly through Dr. Sequin and Dr. Montessori to us today. If we now stand on the threshold of restoring hearing by implantation to the totally deaf, then the results we expect and the training programs we must follow will naturally take us back to the work of this physician of the French Revolution. PMID:7045553

Chalat, N I

1982-06-01

123

On the use of the discrete Pascal transform in hiding data in images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Discrete Pascal Transform (DPT) has been proved remarkably useful for edge detection, filter design, discrete-time signal interpolation and data hiding. In the present work a new blind fragile data hiding technique for secretly embedding messages into color images, is proposed. The embedding procedure is based on dividing each color image component into even-sized blocks. Information embedding is determined by monitoring the lower-right corner of the DPT coefficient matrix. This particular coefficient suffers the highest change for small pixel modifications. The embedding affects the coefficient's sign. In case that the sign is not the desired one, i.e. negative for a message bit value of '0' and positive for a message bit value of '1', it is changed by repeatedly adding to the block or subtracting from the block the identity matrix. This process is based on the DPT properties and on the sensitivity of the lower-right coefficient in even the smallest pixel changes. The embedding algorithm takes care of the underflows or overflows that may occur during the consecutive additions or subtractions. The method is evaluated in terms of capacity and image distortion. Experiments are conducted using different images and block sizes namely 2x2 / 4x4 / 8x8 / 16x16, and the overall performance of the scheme is quantified. Block size greatly affects capacity and stego-image quality. Comparisons with existing methods prove the superiority of the proposed method.

Varsaki, Eleni E.; Fotopoulos, Vassilis E.; Skodras, Athanassios N.

2010-04-01

124

Pascal program for mass-spectral isotope-cluster identification. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A new isotope cluster identification program, named Reverse Cluster Search (RCS) is presented in full to assist the mass spectrometrist in the identification of unknowns. Given a clean, complete isotope cluster from a mass spectrum, its empirical formula can be found through the calculations of RCS. RCS was tested on known spectra which fit certain parameters of composition and spectral quality. Correlation between the matches given by RCS and the actual formula was excellent. RCS was written to run on both a DEC VAXStation 3500 and IBM PC compatibles. A companion program is also included which is called Forward Cluster Search (FCS). FCS will calculate theoretical mass spectral isotope clusters from empirical formula data. The purpose of this report is to provide the complete code for a Pascal program which is called Reverse Cluster Search (RCS). The authors goal was to develop a computer program to rapidly identify chemical formulas from mass spectral isotope cluster data requiring minimal disk storage and memory. Relying entirely upon low resolution mass spectral cluster data to predict or confirm empirical formulas is not recommended. High resolution, exact mass data is always preferred when complete confidence is required in the formula assignment; however, the presence of certain isotropic elements must be supported by the cluster data.

Lin, I.J.; Bulpett, D.A.

1991-09-01

125

Jean-Baptiste Belley-Mars: The Obscure Life, the Authentic Legacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes how Jean-Baptiste Belley-Mars, a former slave, influenced Haitian history through his role in arguing for the abolition of slavery in the French colonies at the 1794 Paris National Convention. (MJL)|

Fikes, Robert Jr.

1982-01-01

126

Interbeing and Mindfulness: A Bridge to Understanding Jean Watson's Theory of Human Caring.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explains and compares Thich Naht Hanh's concept of interbeing and mindfulness and Jean Watson's theory of human caring. Describes the application of mindful practices to holistic nursing and nursing education. (Contains 12 references.) (SK)|

Sitzman, Kathleen L.

2002-01-01

127

Man with a Mission: Jean-Dominique Cassini  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Jean-Dominique Cassini, for whom the Cassini mission to Saturn is named, is best known for his early understanding of that planet's rings. This article is an overview of his influential career in astronomy and other scientific fields.= Born in Italy in1625 and formally educated at an early age, he was a professor of astronomy at the University of Bologna, a leading center of learning in Europe of the time. He was an early observer of Jupiter, Mars, and Venus. He is best known for constructing a giant pinhole camera in a cathedral that he used with a meridian line on the floor to track the Sun's image through the year, thus providing the Catholic Church with a reliable calendar. Cassini also used the pinhole camera observations to calculate the variation in the distance between the Sun and Earth, thus lending support to the Copernican (Sun-centered) view of the solar system. Cassini moved to Paris at the request of King Louis XIV, originally to oversee the surveying needed for a new map system of France, but ultimately he took over as the director of the Paris Observatory. Cassini's descendants ran the observatory there for the following century.

Belkora, Leila

2004-03-01

128

[Jean-Paul Marat: physician, scientist and revolutionary].  

PubMed

Physician, scientist and revolutionary are the biographical aspects that had better summarize the life of Jean-Paul Marat (1743-1793). Due to the role that he played during the French Revolution, his work as a physician and scientist, prior to the events of l789, was forgotten. Marat made important contributions in the area of optics and electricity reflected in numerous publications, as well as translating Newton's Opticks (1787). Well known for his radical and aggressive ideas, his political vocation led him to embrace the revolutionary cause after the events of the Bastille. His figure was not indifferent to his contemporaries; although considered a hero by the poorest citizens, aristocrats and bourgeois considered him a cruel extremist. During the last years of his life, he suffered a cutaneous disease, the diagnosis of which is still a matter of controversy. Proposed diagnoses include eczema, seborrheic dermatitis, scabies and dermatitis herpetica, among others. Marat was assassinated by Charlotte Corday in 1793, becoming a martyr for some segments of the society that worshiped his memory. He was a man with a complex and curious personality whose figure and legacy are still a matter of discussion. PMID:20361162

Cerda L, Jaime

2010-03-26

129

Jean-Martin Charcot: neurologist by avocation, nephrologist by yearning.  

PubMed

In an age of medical advances and specialization, Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) helped found the discipline of neurology and in 1882 was appointed the first Professor of Diseases of the Nervous System in France. As an investigator with broad interests and vast knowledge, Charcot contributed to several other disciplines. An early mentor and dominant figure in Charcot's formative years was Pierre Rayer (1793-1867), famous for his seminal contributions to the study of the kidney, who gifted to Charcot his passion for clinical pathological correlations and likely a yearning for the study of kidney diseases. Famous for the clarity and incisiveness of his formal teaching presentations, Charcot lectured on the kidney at the Faculty of Medicine in Paris in 1877. Translated into English and published as a book titled Lectures on Bright's Disease, those lectures became widely accessible and quoted in the literature through the 1940s. In addition, at a time when he was already concentrating on the study of neurological disorders, Charcot maintained his life-long interest in the kidney and published original studies on the pathological changes of the kidney in gout and experimental lead poisoning, as well as supporting a study of hysterical ischuria by his students. PMID:21614774

Eknoyan, Garabed

130

[Baron Dominique-Jean Larrey: the founder of urological traumatology].  

PubMed

Dominique-Jean Larrey (1766-1842) was Surgeon-in-Chief of the Grande Army under Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) and personal physician of the Emperor. Against the opposition of the traditionalists he introduced the "ambulances volantes", the so-called flying ambulances. The aim was the medical treatment of the injured soldiers immediately on the battlefield. This revolutionary treatment led to a benefit not only for the own soldiers, but also for the wounded enemies. His innovation in the field of immediate assistance of wounded persons, together with Larreys' outstanding medical competence, saved thousands of soldiers lives on the battlefield of the Napoleonic wars. His memories concerning the military campaigns, have been even up to the 20th century one of the standard works of modern military surgery. He had as well great interest in urolological injuries of the urinary system and their conservative and operative care. Up to these days, his work shows a surprising actuality and perfect anatomic understanding. In a time without anaesthetics, antibiotics and under primitive circumstances, Larrey and his collegues accomplished surgical feats. Larreys flying ambulances were copied by many different countries. The American Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (M.A.S.H) is clearly based on his thoughts and ideals. In our opinion he is the father of the modern war surgery as well the urological traumatology. PMID:23254353

Hatzinger, M; Ameijenda, C; Lent, V; Sohn, M

2012-12-19

131

50 years of space science (Jean Dominique Cassini Medal Lecture)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The launch of Sputnik-1 triggered my fascination for space at the age of 20. The past 50 years have allowed me to study the Sun with sounding rockets and satellites, revealing the complexity of our star, contributing to the understanding of its physics, and offering surprising manifestations of its behavior and of its effects on Earth. Building instruments for space astronomy, managing teams of space scientists and engineers, led me to become the science director of the European space agency between 1983 and 2001 where I formulated and managed the Horizon 2000 program, which led Europe to occupy the front row of world space science. The Jean Dominique Cassini Medal Lecture offers me an opportunity, to describe the most spectacular achievements of this long-term plan and to outline some basic principles for reaching success, including the essential role of international cooperation with shared partnership. The Lecture also identifies key problems and controversial issues that space astronomy and exploration will face in the 21st century.

Bonnet, Roger-Maurice

2013-04-01

132

New source and process apportionment method using a three-dimensional chemical transport model: Process, Age, and Source region Chasing ALgorithm (PASCAL)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have developed a new source and process apportionment method, the Process, Age, and Source region Chasing ALgorithm (PASCAL), and implemented it in a three-dimensional chemical transport model, the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model. By adding new variables (tagged species), PASCAL traces 1) the source region of emissions (source apportionment), 2) the age of individual species (elapsed time from emissions), 3) net and gross production and loss amounts from individual physical and chemical processes during transport (Lagrangian way), and 4) local production and loss rates at individual grid cells (Eulerian way) for primary and secondary aerosols and their precursor gases. The main advantage of PASCAL is the third one, which can trace accumulated production and loss amounts of individual processes during transport from source regions to each grid cell (Lagrangian type of integration) for both gross (production and loss) and net (gross production - loss) concentrations. Currently the method is applied for mixing ratios of CO and SO2 and mass concentrations of black carbon and sulfate aerosols. This algorithm is not impacted by the non-linearity of chemical reactions and is computationally efficient. CMAQ/PASCAL model calculations were conducted over the East Asian region to test its performance. The overall validity of PASCAL calculations is confirmed for all species, periods, altitudes, and regions. This algorithm will be a useful tool in evaluating source regions as well as formation and loss processes of aerosols in the atmosphere in order to make effective strategies for emissions reduction.

Matsui, H.; Koike, M.

2012-08-01

133

Jean Rudduck (1937-2007) "Carving a New Order of Experience": A Preliminary Appreciation of the Work of Jean Rudduck in the Field of Student Voice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper offers a preliminary tribute to the work of the late Jean Rudduck, pioneer of student voice, both as an academic field and as a potential agent of school transformation. Tracing the roots of her student voice work back to CARE (Centre for Applied Research in Education) and the Humanities Curriculum Project (1967-1972), the author…

Fielding, Michael

2007-01-01

134

Jean Rudduck (1937-2007) "Carving a New Order of Experience": A Preliminary Appreciation of the Work of Jean Rudduck in the Field of Student Voice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper offers a preliminary tribute to the work of the late Jean Rudduck, pioneer of student voice, both as an academic field and as a potential agent of school transformation. Tracing the roots of her student voice work back to CARE (Centre for Applied Research in Education) and the Humanities Curriculum Project (1967-1972), the author…

Fielding, Michael

2007-01-01

135

BOOK REVIEW: Jean-Charles Houzeau et son temps  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is a wonderful book. It describes the life and work of Belgian astronomer Jean-Charles Houzeau (1820-1888) and, as the last three words of the title indicate, it has a broader focus including the social, industrial and scientific context of the second part of the 19th century. This is set in a very broad international social context including social revolutions in Belgium and France, and the abolition of slavery in the United States. The biography clearly shows that this hard-working man was driven by science and justice, by individualism and generosity, by humor and sentiment. The book is divided in four parts, each part is placed in its own historical context. The first part "The apprentice, the master and his disciples" describes Houzeau's childhood and young years, his early scientific career at the Observatory in Brussels, and his relationship with Adolphe Quetelet. The evolution of this relationship is very well documented: the turbulent revolutionary Houzeau versus cool, moderated and diplomatic royalist Quetelet, the observer versus the mathematician theorist. But both were very dedicated teachers: Quetelet established public courses and after the Revolution of 1830 he contributed to the foundation of the University of Brussels; Houzeau was the peripatetic teacher wherever place he was, also after his return to Belgium. The second part is "The politician" and deals with Houzeau's political ideas and revolutionary attitudes and their consequences. His revolutionary ideas, though, were not confined to politics only: he also severely criticised the paucity of high-precision observations collected at the Royal Observatory in his days. Because he participated at revolutionary meetings, Houzeau was fired from his position at the Observatory by the Minister of Interior Affairs Charles Rogier. Thus started his peripathetic life, covering observational work in astronomy, geography, geodesy and natural sciences in many places in Belgium and abroad. The third part, "The separation", is a very interesting account of Houzeau's emigration to North America, in vain search for his revolutionary dream. Of course he also ran into trouble in the US due to publications such as "The white terror in Texas" and because of his loyalty with the slaves, his advocacy for black civil rights and his refusal to join the confederate army, so he had to flee Texas too. The book gives many details on the civil war era. His absence from Belgium led to a very significant scientific work, in the first place his most homogeneous and extensive star atlas (6000 stars to declination -65) which was made in very good atmospheric conditions by one and only one observer, totally independent from previously published catalogues. The last part "The builder" tells the story of the construction of the new Royal Observatory in the suburb of Uccle, a new and better site than the one established in the city center by the Dutch regime in 1826. When the succession of Adolphe Quetelet was discussed, Houzeau was about the only candidate with a vast publication record and a broad observational expertise. Surprisingly, he was appointed as the second director of the Observatory and remained in function till 1883. One chapter in the fourth part of the book deals with Houzeau's participation at a Venus transit expedition of 1882. Jean-Charles Houzeau made very significant contributions to astronomy and his major works include "Vade-mecum de l'Astronomie", the "Uranometrie Generale" and his monumental "Bibliographie Generale de l'Astronomie", an early precursor of our modern web-based ADS (NASA Astrophysics Data System). This is a book which every Belgian astronomer should read because it is an eye opener on the history of the establishment of the kingdom, and because it explains the roots and difficult early development of astronomy in this country. This history is internationally linked and refers to many contemporary scientists such as Argelander, Heis, Herschel, von Humboldt etc. The bo

Sterken, C.; Verhas, P.

2002-12-01

136

Secondary instability of Jeans mode in a gravitating fluid with uniform rotation  

SciTech Connect

An axisymmetric rotating gas in a gravitational field is examined for its stability to two dimensional disturbances with first azimuthal mode. It is shown that a quasi-equilibrium is established when pressure and Coriolis force act against primary Jeans instability. A linear perturbation on this inhomogeneous equilibrium gives rise to secondary instability, which grows differently from homogeneous case. A stationary phase integral method demonstrates that the instability grows algebraically due to the free energy associated with the axisymmetric equilibrium. This secondary Jeans instability may have some bearing with the structure formations in the universe.

Chakrabarti, Nikhil [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF Bidhannagar Calcutta 700 064 (India)

2011-06-15

137

Secondary instability of Jeans mode in a gravitating fluid with uniform rotation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An axisymmetric rotating gas in a gravitational field is examined for its stability to two dimensional disturbances with first azimuthal mode. It is shown that a quasi-equilibrium is established when pressure and Coriolis force act against primary Jeans instability. A linear perturbation on this inhomogeneous equilibrium gives rise to secondary instability, which grows differently from homogeneous case. A stationary phase integral method demonstrates that the instability grows algebraically due to the free energy associated with the axisymmetric equilibrium. This secondary Jeans instability may have some bearing with the structure formations in the universe.

Chakrabarti, Nikhil

2011-06-01

138

Green Application Projects (GreenApps): Are Your Jeans Worth It?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interdisciplinary classroom exercise from GreenApps at Red Rocks Community College, based on the movie China Blue, is presented by Sally Stablein and Wendy Bird. In this activity, students will âÂÂresearch jeans from different retailers, find out where jeans are manufactured, whether there are any environmental implications from the manufacturing process, what the condition of the workers are, and what the impact on the local community is.â This site contains a description of the project, expected outcomes, and assessment guidelines. This lesson is perfect for anyone teaching in either the Sociology or Business fields looking to show students the social and economic implications of business.

Stablein, Sally; Bird, Wendy

2010-11-10

139

Looking for Marx: A Review of "Marx and Education" by Jean Anyon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Marx and Education" is the second and latest volume in the new "Routledge Key Ideas in Education Series". The series is intended to offer readers concise introductions to specific sub-field developments in the field of educational scholarship. For their "Marx and Education" volume, Greg Dimitriadis and Bob Lingard invited Jean Anyon to…

Banfield, Grant

2011-01-01

140

PÁNICO Y MERCADO: CONTRIBUCIONES Y LIMITACIONES DE JEAN-MARIE DUPUY AL ESTUDIO DEL TERROR FINANCIERO  

Microsoft Academic Search

En una época caracterizada por una constante turbulencia y un creciente sentimiento de inseguridad, el trabajo titulado El pánico de Jean Pierre Dupuy exige debido a su profundidad y transparencia intelectual, por lo menos un comentario. El autor, comienza su capítulo introductorio con una pregunta, ¿cómo se mantiene unida la sociedad?, y continúa ¿Por qué las crisis que desgarran o

Maximiliano E. Korstanje

2009-01-01

141

A Return to Love in William James and Jean-Luc Marion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this essay Samuel Rocha primarily addresses, and challenges, the modern conception of reason and the lowly place of intuition, feeling, and love in what has become traditional philosophy and education. Drawing upon the rich thought of William James and Jean-Luc Marion, Rocha introduces the reader to a certain harmony between their ideas, most…

Rocha, Samuel

2009-01-01

142

The Right College: As Comfortable as Your Favorite Pair of Jeans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is one thing on every shopping list that any student will be sure to choose accurately: the perfect pair of jeans. Indeed, this ubiquitous wardrobe staple is an important purchase requiring a variety of considerations, many of which correspond to another even more significant decision most students will make in the coming weeks, months or…

Martin, Elizabeth Jean

2009-01-01

143

Jean Fenchel oral history interview by Michael Hirsh, November 30, 2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is an oral history interview with Jean Fenchel, widow of Holocaust concentration camp liberator Herbert D. Fenchel. Dr. Fenchel was a member of the 4th Armored Division, which liberated Ohrdruf on April 4, 1945. His tank was one of the first to enter the gates. He died in October 2008, before this interview was conducted. Mrs. Fenchel briefly describes

Jean Fenchel; Michael Hirsh

2008-01-01

144

Don't Show Us, Tell Us: An Interview with Jean Little  

Microsoft Academic Search

Jean Little was born in Taiwan but has been living in Canada since the age of seven. She began writing as a child and has never stopped, in spite of the challenge of her blindness. Despite limited vision, she attended regular school and graduated in 1955 from the University of Toronto with an Honours Degree in English.Little taught handicapped children

Tom Ue

2012-01-01

145

Conquering the Conqueror: Colonial Discourse as Autoethnography in Jean Rhys's Short Fiction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Jean Rhys, the English Caribbean's first internationally known writer and its foremost white female author, created a relatively small body of work that includes five novels and over fifty short stories. Her short fiction is noted for its intense subjectivity, spare and elegant prose, and a preoccupation with alienation and forms of entrapment - physical, social and sexual. Most of

Margarita Nugent

2005-01-01

146

The Semantics of Cross-Examination: A Case Study of the Jean Harris Trial.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Use of communication theory in an analysis of the court proceedings of the Jean Harris murder trial suggests that Harris contributed to her conviction with her inconsistent use of language and her refusal to remain in low-profile. Harris' defense attorney attempted to portray her as an upstanding, well-bred member of the community, and as a…

Schuetz, Janice

147

Probes into the Actuality of Fantasy: Jean Epstein's "La Chute de la Maison Usher."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"La Chute de la Maison Usher" is a film adaptation by Jean Epstein of two stories by Edgar Allan Poe, "The Fall of the House of Usher" and "The Oval Portrait." This film was typical of Epstein's artistic preoccupation with the ambivalence of reality as expressed in fantasy or surrealism, in qualities of movement, and in the vagaries of seeing and…

Harpole, Charles H.

148

Resisting a Discourse of Mastery: A Conversation with Jean-Francois Lyotard.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an interview with Jean-Francois Lyotard, which provides insight into many concerns, including his views on culture, feminism, postmodernism, and writing. Explains Lyotard's belief that philosophy and inquiry ought to pursue perpetual questions as opposed to "answers" or mastery of a subject. (TB)

Olson, Gary A.

1995-01-01

149

The Jeans modeling of the Milky Way galaxy: implications of the kinematics of the stellar halo  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: We investigate the predictions of Newtonian dynamics and the MOND theory related to the Milky Way galaxy using the Jeans equation. Methods: We used the measurements of the radial velocities of the blue horizontal branch (BHB) halo stars to test the predictions of Newtonian gravity and to also extend our study to different MOND models, taking orbital anisotropies that

S. Samurovic; A. Lalovic

2011-01-01

150

Baron Dominique-Jean Larrey (1766-1842): founder of military surgery and trauma care.  

PubMed

Dominique-Jean Larrey was a distinguished surgeon in chief of Napoleon's army and a faithful servant of the Empire. His surgical skills and inventions, his absolute attachment and devotion to his profession, his humanitarian spirit and courage entitled him as one of history's greatest military surgeons. PMID:21520773

Karamanou, M; Rosenberg, T; Liakakos, T; Androutsos, G

151

[Ferdinand-Jean Darier (1856-1938) dermatologist of world renown].  

PubMed

Jean Darier's work gave him a wordly reputation. He knew how to use the potential of biology and anatomic pathology when dermatology became more scientific and less morphological. At the World Congress of History in 1936 he gave a lecture on historic of Dermatology about history of Dermatology during the 50 previous years. He wrote some pertinent obituaries of colleagues. PMID:20503642

Ségal, Alain

152

Documenting Reproduction and Inequality: Revisiting Jean Anyon's "Social Class and School Knowledge"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Jean Anyon's (1981) "Social Class and School Knowledge" was a landmark work in North American educational research. It provided a richly detailed qualitative description of differential, social class-based constructions of knowledge and epistemological stance. This essay situates Anyon's work in two parallel traditions of critical educational…

Luke, Allan

2010-01-01

153

A Return to Love in William James and Jean-Luc Marion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this essay Samuel Rocha primarily addresses, and challenges, the modern conception of reason and the lowly place of intuition, feeling, and love in what has become traditional philosophy and education. Drawing upon the rich thought of William James and Jean-Luc Marion, Rocha introduces the reader to a certain harmony between their ideas, most…

Rocha, Samuel

2009-01-01

154

Sacred Individuals and Impartial Love—themes from Jean-Luc Marion and Raimond Gaita  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I compare the work of two philosophers who are not normally discussed together, the French phenomenologist Jean-Luc Marion and a philosopher in a more analytic tradition, Raimond Gaita, much influenced by Wittgenstein and Simone Weil. Marion and Gaita both have love as a central theme in their work and my suggestion is that Marion, particularly in his

Elizabeth Drummond Young

2011-01-01

155

A Biographic Comparison Tracing the Similarities in the Lives of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper focuses on similarities in the lives of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky to enlighten study of their pedagogies and to provide some information for current classroom techniques. Neither man had a great deal to say about his early life, although Piaget published an autobiography. A number of primary sources were used to construct the…

Pass, Susan

156

Manufactured Memory, Altered Belief and Self Report Mirage: The Alleged False Memory of Jean Piaget Revisited.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It is argued that a Jean Piaget anecdote about an alleged memory implanted in a young child leading to both a visual and semantic memory that persists despite disconfirming evidence is entirely different than the recovered memory debate, which is about the alleged introduction of memories to grown adults. (CR)|

Leavitt, Frank

1999-01-01

157

A Biographic Comparison Tracing the Origin of Their Ideas of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper compares the early life, background, and education of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. It makes the case that an adaptation of the curve developed by C. Quigley can be used to trace the motivations of both Piaget and Vygotsky in creating their respective theories. The analysis also reveals the adversity that each man faced. Although they…

Pass, Susan

158

Manufactured Memory, Altered Belief and Self Report Mirage: The Alleged False Memory of Jean Piaget Revisited.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is argued that a Jean Piaget anecdote about an alleged memory implanted in a young child leading to both a visual and semantic memory that persists despite disconfirming evidence is entirely different than the recovered memory debate, which is about the alleged introduction of memories to grown adults. (CR)

Leavitt, Frank

1999-01-01

159

A Biographic Comparison Tracing the Origin of Their Ideas of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper compares the early life, background, and education of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. It makes the case that an adaptation of the curve developed by C. Quigley can be used to trace the motivations of both Piaget and Vygotsky in creating their respective theories. The analysis also reveals the adversity that each man faced. Although they…

Pass, Susan

160

Lessons from Witchetty Grubs and EskimosThe French Anthropological Context of Jean Baudrillard  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the French anthropological context of the work of Jean Baudrillard. The religious anthropological though of Émile Durkheim, Marcel Mauss and Georges Bataille is considered. This context is vital to the understanding of Baudrillard's oeuvre. Analysis is given to Mauss's work on the seasonal variations of the Eskimo and the prayers of the Witchetty Grub clan. Two core

Jon Baldwin

2008-01-01

161

Lightcurves for 1560 Strattonia, 1928 Summa, 2763 Jeans, 3478 Fanale, 3948 Bohr, 5275 Zdislava, and 5369 Virgiugum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lightcurve observations have yielded period determinations for the following asteroids: 1560 Strattonia, 1928 Summa, 2763 Jeans, 3478 Fanale, 3948 Bohr, 5275 Zdislava, and 5369 Viriugum. In addition, HG values were found for 3948 Bohr and 5369 Viriugum.

Owings, Larry E.

2013-04-01

162

Two Schemes of Intellectual Development: A Comparison of Development as Defined by William Perry and Jean Piaget.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comparison of the theories of Jean Piaget and William Perry (using individual interviews with college students) shows that the two theories outline different and independent processes for assessing intellectual development. (JN)

Perry, Bruce; And Others

1986-01-01

163

Le Fevre [Le Fèvre; LeFebvre], Jean (1652-1706)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Born in Lisieux, France, became an associate of JEAN PICARD and PHILIPPE DE LA HIRE, became a member of the Académie des Sciences and worked on rather routine work calculating ephemeredes, and surveying. Le Fevre accused La Hire of stealing his tables after Philippe de La Hire published Tabulae Astronomicae in 1687. In 1701, resentful at not having been named official publisher of ephemerides to ...

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

164

[Brief notes on the life and works of the Bordeaux pharmacist Jean-Pierre Prat].  

PubMed

After a short biography of Jean-Pierre Prat, pharmacist, chemist and industrial unjustly forgotten, we discuss his scientific work which comprised varied fundamental scientific studies (fluor isolation essays, research on gold derivatives, on a mineral of Ariege, on the volumetric dosage of nitrogen on the nature of the sweet principle of the Bordeaux white wines ...). We emphasize also his work in the field of applied chemistry. PMID:11625032

Viel, C

1996-01-01

165

“Entre deux feux”: Jean Sénac’s Struggle for Self-determination  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the years between 1954 and 1965, which witnessed the construction of a new Algerian national identity, Jean Sénac, the most important French-language poet associated with Algerian nationalism, was struggling to establish a sense of self, both at the collective level of the Nation and on the individual level of the Man. By the end this decade of self-determination Sénac

Katia Sainson

2011-01-01

166

“Entre deux feux”: Jean Sénac’s Struggle for Self-determination  

Microsoft Academic Search

: During the years between 1954 and 1965, which witnessed the construction of a new Algerian national identity, Jean Sénac, the most important French-language poet associated with Algerian nationalism, was struggling to establish a sense of self, both at the collective level of the Nation and on the individual level of the Man. By the end this decade of self-determination

Katia Sainson

2011-01-01

167

The Meteorological Observations of Jean-François Gaultier, Quebec, Canada: 1742-56  

Microsoft Academic Search

Jean-François Gaultier was a physician in the French colony of Québec in New France from 1742 to 1756. During that period, he recorded daily readings of temperature and observations of the weather, although only the observations for 1742-46, 1747-48, and 1754 have been located to date. Daily instrumental temperature data from Québec for the 1740s provide a glimpse of climate

Victoria C. Slonosky

2003-01-01

168

Introduction générale aux Œuvres morales et politiques de Jean-Baptiste Say  

Microsoft Academic Search

Les textes présentés dans ce volume couvrent une période qui va de 1789 à 1832. De 22 ans à 65 ans, âge auquel il est mort, Jean-Baptiste Say n'a pas cessé de s'intéresser passionnément aux questions politiques de son temps. Il en a été un des acteurs, modeste à ses débuts, puis de plus en plus important, côtoyant les plus

André Tiran; Emmanuel Blanc

2003-01-01

169

Profiles of international archives: Les archives Jean Piaget, University of Geneva, Switzerland.  

PubMed

This research report provides a look behind closed doors at the Jean Piaget Archives in Geneva, Switzerland. It situates the potential visitor, contextualizes the Archives in its own history, and then describes what scholars can expect to find. New details about Piaget's views on Equal Rights and Equal Pay are also provided, including a look at how they affected the women who worked his factory (esp. Bärbel Inhelder). (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:23544355

Burman, Jeremy Trevelyan

2013-04-01

170

"I would eagerly leave Neuchâtel ..." A 1912 letter by Jean Piaget with an introduction and notes.  

PubMed

A 1912 letter from fifteen-year-old Jean Piaget (1896-1980) to the director of the Museum of Natural History of Geneva illustrates Piaget's precocious integration into a community of professional naturalists, and reveals his hitherto unknown plan to study medicine. It is not certain whether he actually intended to realize that plan. An essential biographical fact, however, is that he finally left natural history by turning to philosophy rather than to medicine. PMID:11608771

Vidal, F

1986-01-01

171

Jean Piaget's experiences on the couch: some clues to a mystery.  

PubMed

This paper is an attempt to reconstruct the historical, institutional, and personal circumstances leading to and surrounding Jean Piaget's psychoanalysis with Sabina Spielrein. It appears that the young Piaget's interest in psychoanalysis largely emanated from his long-standing problems with his mother. It is suggested that Piaget's lifelong tendency to intellectualise his own emotional experiences may relate to the near omission of affective factors in his psychological theories. PMID:8491531

Schepeler, E M

1993-04-01

172

An Overview of Maven in Blue Jeans and Jewish-Christian-Muslim and Other Dialogues  

Microsoft Academic Search

As Editor of this Festschrift, after initially discussing this overall project in the context of “Festschriften” as a contribution to the academic project, this contribution examines and comments on Part 2 of Maven in Blue Jeans, “Jewish-Christian-Muslim and Other Dialogues,” by looking at my own essay as well as those of Eugene Fisher, Daniel Morris, and John T. Pawlikowski (pp.

Steven Leonard Jacobs

2010-01-01

173

An Overview of Maven in Blue Jeans and Jewish-Christian-Muslim and Other Dialogues  

Microsoft Academic Search

: As Editor of this Festschrift, after initially discussing this overall project in the context of “Festschriften” as a contribution to the academic project, this contribution examines and comments on Part 2 of Maven in Blue Jeans, “Jewish-Christian-Muslim and Other Dialogues,” by looking at my own essay as well as those of Eugene Fisher, Daniel Morris, and John T. Pawlikowski

Steven Leonard Jacobs

2010-01-01

174

The effect of finite Larmor radius corrections on Jeans instability of quantum plasma  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The influence of finite Larmor radius (FLR) effects on the Jeans instability of infinitely conducting homogeneous quantum plasma is investigated. The quantum magnetohydrodynamic (QMHD) model is used to formulate the problem. The contribution of FLR is incorporated to the QMHD set of equations in the present analysis. The general dispersion relation is obtained analytically using the normal mode analysis technique which is modified due to the contribution of FLR corrections. From general dispersion relation, the condition of instability is obtained and it is found that Jeans condition is modified due to quantum effect. The general dispersion relation is reduced for both transverse and longitudinal mode of propagations. The condition of gravitational instability is modified due to the presence of both FLR and quantum corrections in the transverse mode of propagation. In longitudinal case, it is found to be unaffected by the FLR effects but modified due to the quantum corrections. The growth rate of Jeans instability is discussed numerically for various values of quantum and FLR corrections of the medium. It is found that the quantum parameter and FLR effects have stabilizing influence on the growth rate of instability of the system.

Sharma, Prerana; Chhajlani, R. K.

2013-09-01

175

Dynamical signatures of infall around galaxy clusters: a generalized Jeans equation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the internal kinematics of galaxy clusters in the region beyond the sphere of virialization. Galaxies around a virialized cluster are infalling towards the cluster centre with a non-zero mean radial velocity. We develop a new formalism for describing the dynamical state of clusters, by generalizing the standard Jeans formalism with the inclusion of the peculiar infall motions of galaxies and the Hubble expansion as well as the contributions due to background cosmology. Using empirical fits to the radial profiles of density, mean radial velocity and velocity anisotropy of both a stacked cluster-mass halo and two isolated haloes of a cosmological dark matter only simulation, we verify that our generalized Jeans equation correctly predicts the radial velocity dispersion out to 4 virial radii. We find that the radial velocity dispersion inferred from the standard Jeans equation is accurate up to 2 virial radii, but overestimated by ?20 per cent for the stacked halo and by ?40 per cent for the isolated haloes, in the range ?2-3 virial radii. Our model depends on the logarithmic growth rate of the virial radius (function of halo mass or concentration), which we estimate in seven different ways, and on the departure from self-similarity of the evolution of the peculiar velocity profile in virial units.

Falco, Martina; Mamon, Gary A.; Wojtak, Radoslaw; Hansen, Steen H.; Gottlöber, Stefan

2013-10-01

176

Dominique-Jean Larrey: the effects of therapeutic hypothermia and the first ambulance.  

PubMed

The fields of emergency medicine and resuscitation are indebted to the Baron Dominique-Jean Larrey (1766-1842) for significant advances in patient care. Larrey was a great surgeon who served in the French army during Napoleon's rule. He developed one of the first ambulance services, utilized positive pressure ventilation, and introduced hypothermia as a form of therapy. He dedicated his professional life to improving the care of wounded soldiers on the battlefield. Larrey coined the term "Triage" to allocate resources to those most in need of emergent care. Today, many of his techniques still prevail in modern medicine. PMID:20036046

Remba, Salomon Jasqui; Varon, Joseph; Rivera, Alma; Sternbach, George L

2009-12-29

177

Parks and recreation: Construction contract at Jean Lafitte National Historical Park  

SciTech Connect

Construction of a visitor-user facility at the Jean Lafitte National Historical Park in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana experienced performance problems concerning delays in completing the facility, increases in the contract cost due to design changes, and an unusual number of problems not indicated on contractor claims and modifications. This report assesses whether the problems have been corrected and whether all the standards for the work would be met when the facility was completed. It also identifies procedural and/or personnel changes that should be made to avoid similar contract delays in the future.

Not Available

1986-01-01

178

A comparison between John Dewey's theory of inquiry and Jean Piaget's genetic analysis of intelligence.  

PubMed

This article compares John Dewey's theory of inquiry with Jean Piaget's analysis of the mechanisms implied in the increase of knowledge. The sources for this paper are Dewey's studies on logic and the theory of inquiry and Piaget's historical-critical and psychogenetic investigations. Three major conclusions result from the comparison: first, there are significant convergences between the two theories; second, Piaget's developmental analysis makes explicit what is programmatic in Dewey's investigations; and, finally, Piaget is incorrect in characterizing Dewey's pragmatism as a method that does not meet the criteria of intelligent activity. PMID:328823

Seltzer, E

1977-06-01

179

["Gout and the spider" by Jean de La Fontaine (1621-1695), or the metamorphoses of a rheumatology tale].  

PubMed

By starting from the critical analysis of the fable "Gout and the spider"(Fables Choisies mises en vers, III,8) by Jean de La Fontaine, the author inquires into the historical and literary sources of such a tale. They lie in a short story by Francesco Petrarca ("Aranea et Podagra"), that can be found in a letter from the "Epistolae de Rebus Familiaribus" (III,13). Antecedent sources can be recognized in the Exempla by Jacques de Vitry and Jean Gobi, as well as in a brief poem by Paulus Diaconus. PMID:12563374

Marson, P

180

The effect of irradiation on the Jeans mass in fragmenting self-gravitating protostellar discs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When a self-gravitating disc is subject to irradiation, its propensity to fragmentation will be affected. The strength of self-gravitating disc stresses is expected to dictate disc fragmentation: as the strength of these torques typically decreases with increasing sound speed, it is reasonable to assume, to first order, that disc fragmentation is suppressed when compared to the non-irradiated case, although previous work has shown that the details are complicated by the source of the irradiation. We expand on a previous analysis of the Jeans mass inside spiral structures in self-gravitating discs, incorporating the effects of stellar irradiation and background irradiation. If irradiation is present, fragmentation is suppressed for marginally unstable discs at low accretion rates (compared to the no-irradiation case), but these lower accretion rates correspond to higher mass discs. Fragmentation can still occur for high accretion rates, but is consequently suppressed at lower disc surface densities, and the subsequent Jeans mass is boosted. These results further bolster the consensus that, without subsequent fragment disruption or mass-loss, the gravitational instability is more likely to form brown dwarfs and low-mass stars than gas giant planets.

Forgan, Duncan; Rice, Ken

2013-04-01

181

Wet Jeans  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this assessment probe is to elicit students' ideas about where water goes right after it evaporates. It is designed to determine if students recognize that water exists in the air around us in the form of water vapor. Since students often use the terminology of the water cycle with little understanding of actual phenomena, this probe intentionally avoids use of technical words such as evaporation and water vapor in order to examine how students think about evaporation and the water cycle.

Eberle, Francis; Farrin, Lynn; Keeley, Page

2005-01-01

182

Pascal Bruckner Responds  

Microsoft Academic Search

:I have bad news from Paris for James B. Rule: the French love America and love to hate it. They whip the Republican administration only to give freer rein to their lust for everything that comes from the United States. Such is the ambivalence of our anti-Americanism, an impossible passion.

Pascal Bruckner; Marco Roth

2007-01-01

183

Patterns in Pascal's Triangle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson is designed to develop students' knowledge of multiples and remainders as well as provide practice at recognizing patterns. This lesson provides links to discussions and activities related to pattern recognition as well as suggested ways to integrate them into the lesson. Finally, the lesson provides links to follow-up lessons designed for use in succession with the current one.

2010-01-01

184

A Gift from Jean-Jacques Rousseau to George Simon Harcourt: Etchings and Proofs of the Illustrations to His Works  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article offers a history and description of a portfolio containing engravings which once constituted Jean-:Jacques Rousseau's personal collection of illustrations to his works and which he offered to George Simon Harcourt, Viscount Nuneham (1736--1809) during his stay in England, from 11 January 1766 to 21 May 1767. The portfolio was inventoried and exhibited for the first time by the

Ann-Marie Thornton

2002-01-01

185

White Is A Color: Race and the Developing Modernism of Jean Toomer, Ernest Hemingway, and William Faulkner  

Microsoft Academic Search

As scholars have conceptualized American Literature, three prominent literary movements or groups of writers were active in the 1920s and 1930s: the Harlem or Black Renaissance; the Lost Generation or Expatriates; the Southern Renaissance. From each group came a writer whose words forever altered the language and construction of American Literature--Jean Toomer, Ernest Hemingway, and William Faulkner, respectively. Concurrently, in

Margaret E. Wright-Cleveland

2009-01-01

186

The framing of Calvin Klein: A frame analysis of media discourse about the August 1995 Calvin Klein Jeans advertising campaign  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyzes the media discourse about the August 1995 Calvin Klein jeans campaign which media critics characterized as “kiddie porn.” Though media placement of the campaign was limited, mainstream media reports of the nascent controversy surrounding the campaign brought it into the national spotlight. A frame analysis is used to deconstruct the kiddie?porn media frame which the industry and

Lauren R. Tucker

1998-01-01

187

ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL Banking and Business in the Roman World. By Jean Andreau. Translated by Janey Lloyd  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book is a study of all aspects of private finance from ca. 300 BC to 300 AD. It is intended for students and more advanced readers; among the latter, economic historians of medieval and early modern Europe are included. In other words: Jean Andreau is an adept of the comparative study of the various phases of preindustrial European history,

H. W. Pleket

2001-01-01

188

Caroline Evans - Jean Patous American Mannequins: Early Fashion Shows and Modernism - Modernism\\/modernity 15:2  

Microsoft Academic Search

In December 1924 the couturier Jean Patou brought six American fashion models from New York to Paris because, he claimed, the American mannequins' lean and leggy physique was needed to sell his clothes to his American clients. This paper focuses on the American mannequins' Paris debut alongside their French counterparts in Patou's February 1925 fashion show. It explores how Patou's

Caroline Evans

2008-01-01

189

Psychology and Schooling: The Impact of Susan Isaacs and Jean Piaget on 1960s Science Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focuses on the tensions between two psychological frameworks in the negotiation of teaching practices, curriculum, and ideas about what constitutes childhood: (1) the theories of Jean Piaget focused on behavior at different developmental stages; or (2) the Susan Isaacs research that took a general view of children's intellectual capabilities.…

Hall, Jody S.

2000-01-01

190

Elementary Teachers' Application of Jean Piaget's Theories of Cognitive Development during Social Studies Curriculum Debates in Arizona  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article we explore educators' use of Jean Piaget's theories concerning cognitive development to refute proposed social studies standards in Arizona. We describe the work of Piaget as well as the National Association for the Education of Young Children's developmentally appropriate practices as they apply to primary-grade children's…

Hinde, Elizabeth R.; Perry, Nancy

2007-01-01

191

Role-taking as a Cognitive Process in the Writings of George Herbert Mead and Jean Piaget  

Microsoft Academic Search

Role-taking, as considered in the writings of the social psychologist George Herbert Mead, is a developmental construct essential for social interaction. Since its early formulations, however, it has suffered from conceptual confusion and misrepresentation. The present study analyzes the nature and development of role-taking ability in the works of G. H. Mead and Jean Piaget in order to provide clarification

Marie Hope Pierce

1976-01-01

192

Elementary Teachers' Application of Jean Piaget's Theories of Cognitive Development during Social Studies Curriculum Debates in Arizona  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we explore educators' use of Jean Piaget's theories concerning cognitive development to refute proposed social studies standards in Arizona. We describe the work of Piaget as well as the National Association for the Education of Young Children's developmentally appropriate practices as they apply to primary-grade children's…

Hinde, Elizabeth R.; Perry, Nancy

2007-01-01

193

Psychology and Schooling: The Impact of Susan Isaacs and Jean Piaget on 1960s Science Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the tensions between two psychological frameworks in the negotiation of teaching practices, curriculum, and ideas about what constitutes childhood: (1) the theories of Jean Piaget focused on behavior at different developmental stages; or (2) the Susan Isaacs research that took a general view of children's intellectual capabilities. (CMK)

Hall, Jody S.

2000-01-01

194

Pourquoi y a-t-il Baudrillard Plutôt Que Rien? The Reception and Perception of Jean Baudrillard in France  

Microsoft Academic Search

The contrast between the positive perception and reception of Jean Baudrillard in the English-speaking world and his doubtful reputation in France was thrown into relief by his recent death and the responses it produced, highlighting some interesting cultural and intellectual differences. The French resistance to his theories is not merely traditionalist academic wariness of cross-disciplinary thought but also stems from

Madelena Gonzalez

2008-01-01

195

Local Clusters in Global Chains: The Causes and Consequences of Export Dynamism in Torreon's Blue Jeans Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a case study of the export-oriented blue jeans industry in Torreon, Mexico, the authors discuss the role of US buyers in promoting full-package apparel production. While the networks associated with this model yield better development outcomes for firms and workers than those typical of the maquila industry, the Torreon cluster is not adequately described as a “high road” industrial

Gary Gereffi

2001-01-01

196

A New Method to Directly Measure the Jeans Scale of the Intergalactic Medium Using Close Quasar Pairs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although the baryons in the intergalactic medium (IGM) trace dark matter fluctuations on megaparsec scales, on smaller scales ~100 kpc, fluctuations are suppressed because the finite temperature gas is pressure supported against gravity, analogous to the classical Jeans argument. This Jeans filtering scale, which quantifies the small-scale structure of the IGM, has fundamental cosmological implications. First, it provides a thermal record of heat injected by ultraviolet photons during cosmic reionization events, and thus constrains the thermal and reionization history of the universe. Second, the Jeans scale determines the clumpiness of the IGM, a critical ingredient in models of cosmic reionization. Third, it sets the minimum mass scale for gravitational collapse from the IGM, and hence plays a pivotal role in galaxy formation. Unfortunately, it is extremely challenging to measure the Jeans scale via the standard technique of analyzing purely longitudinal Ly? forest spectra, because the thermal Doppler broadening of absorption lines along the line-of-sight, is highly degenerate with Jeans smoothing. In this work, we show that the Jeans filtering scale can be directly measured by characterizing the coherence of correlated Ly? forest absorption in close quasar pairs, with separations small enough ~100 kpc to resolve it. We present a novel technique for this purpose, based on the probability density function (PDF) of phase angle differences of homologous longitudinal Fourier modes in close quasar pair spectra. A Bayesian formalism is introduced based on the phase angle PDF, and Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques are used to characterize the precision of a hypothetical Jeans scale measurement, and explore degeneracies with other thermal parameters governing the IGM. A semi-analytical model of the Ly? forest is used to generate a large grid (500) of thermal models from a dark matter only simulation. Our full parameter study indicates that a realistic sample of only 20 close quasar pair spectra can pinpoint the Jeans scale to ~= 5% precision, independent of the amplitude T 0 and slope ? of the temperature-density relation of the IGM T=T_0(\\rho / {\\bar{\\rho }})^{\\gamma -1}. This exquisite sensitivity arises because even long-wavelength one-dimensional Fourier modes ~10 Mpc, i.e., two orders of magnitude larger than the Jeans scale, are nevertheless dominated by projected small-scale three-dimensional (3D) power. Hence phase angle differences between all modes of quasar pair spectra actually probe the shape of the 3D power spectrum on scales comparable to the pair separation. We show that this new method for measuring the Jeans scale is unbiased and is insensitive to a battery of systematics that typically plague Ly? forest measurements, such as continuum fitting errors, imprecise knowledge of the noise level and/or spectral resolution, and metal-line absorption.

Rorai, Alberto; Hennawi, Joseph F.; White, Martin

2013-10-01

197

Neurologist or psychiatrist? The public and private domains of Jean-Martin Charcot.  

PubMed

The emergence of neurology as an autonomous, prestigious field in late-nineteenth-century Paris is well known. Less appreciated is the role that neurologists played vis-à-vis the cognate older field of psychiatry. Taking Jean-Martin Charcot, the most influential neurologist of his time, as a test case, this paper contrasts his attitudes and practice in the public setting of teaching and hospital work with his private practice. A staunch defender of a clear distinction between his field and psychiatry, Charcot's private practice displayed more flexibility. Treating hysteria and neurasthenia created a middle ground of nervous diseases for him to cultivate. Unpublished case histories and other materials, especially from the Charcot library, support the conception of neurologists as active agents in constituting a new psychological medicine. PMID:10898887

Gelfand, T

2000-01-01

198

[Jean-Jacques Rosseau the vitalist. The moralization of medical hygiene between diet and ethical food].  

PubMed

The historiographical prejudice that sees in Jean-Jacques Rousseau an implacable opponent of scientific knowledge has long prevented an objective evaluation of the important influence that medical thought exerted over his philosophy. The aim of this paper is to show not only Rousseau's familiarity with the most important expressions of eighteenth-century medical literature, but also his willingness to incorporate some medical suggestions in his philosophical and literary production. In the first part of this article, I try to show how Rousseau's sensibility theory presupposes precise medical ideals, related to Montpellier School of vitalism. In the second part, I stress how Rousseau's philosophy of alimentation (which has clear anthropological and political implications) can be regarded as a genuine application of an ambition typical of vitalism: to use medical hygiene, also and above all, for moral purpose. PMID:23035396

Menin, Marco

2012-01-01

199

Nutrient status of the lowbush blueberry, Lac-Saint-Jean area, Quebec, Canada. [Vaccinium angustifolium  

SciTech Connect

The lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium Ait.) is an important commercial crop of the Lac-Saint-Jean area (Quebec, Canada). The major blueberry fields are located on sandy soils relatively poor in available mineral nutrients. The nutrients originate from a thin organic layer found on the top of these sandy soils. The leaf mineral contents (N, P, K, Mg, Ca, Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn and B) were measured in five blueberry fields during 1984 and 1985. Soil pH and soil available P, K, and Mg were also assessed. The results show that the leaf mineral contents are generally adequate. However, K and Zn might be occasionally deficient when compared to the actual established standards. The available Mg in soil was significantly correlated with the leaf Mg concentration. The data also suggest that the influence of the pH following the burn pruning seems to influence the nutrition of this species.

Bouchard, A.R.; Gagnon, M.J.

1987-01-01

200

[Forgotten great men of medicine--Baron Dominique Jean Larrey (1766-1842)].  

PubMed

BIOGRAPHY: Baron Dominique Jean Larrev was a French army surgeon who rose to become a surgeon-in-chief of Napoleon's Grande Armée. Many advances in the field of surgery have been attributed to him: he was one of the first to amputate at the hip-joint (1812); he pioneered the use of maggots to prevent infection in wounds; he gave the first description of a trench foot, and originated the first aid to combatants by getting stretcher-bearers to take wounded men immediately from the battlefield. EDUCATION AND CAREER: Larrey studied medicine in Paris and spent a short time in the navy before resuming his studies at the Parisian College de Chirurgie. He joined the army in 1792 and spent the rest of his active life there, taking part in 60 battles and 400 other engagements, having been wounded three times. During this time, he initiated the modern method of army surgery, field hospitals and the system of army ambulance corps. After seeing the speed with which the carriages of the French flying artillery manoeuvred across the battlefields. Larrey adapted them as Flying Ambulances for rapid transport of the wounded and staffed them with trained crews of drivers, corpsmen and litter-bearers. Larrey also increased the mobility and improved the organization of field hospitals, effectively creating a forerunner of the modern MASH (Mobile Army Surgical Hospital) units. He was made a baron in 1809. He remained loyal to Napoleon even after his abdication in 1814, and followed him on his final campaign (the hundred days). At Waterloo, he was captured and sentenced to death; however, he was saved by the personal intervention of the Prussian commander Blücher. Many historians put him in the line with chemist Antoine Lavoisier and doctors Joseph Guillotin and Jean Paul Marat. PMID:21548278

Gaji?, Vladimir

201

A Comparison of Workers Employed in Hazardous Jobs in Terms of Job Satisfaction, Perceived Job Risk and Stress: Turkish Jean Sandblasting Workers, Dock Workers, Factory Workers and Miners  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to compare job satisfaction, perception of job risk, stress symptoms and vulnerability to stress\\u000a of miners, dock workers, jean sandblasting workers and factory workers. A job satisfaction scale and stress audit scale were\\u000a applied to 220 workers. Results revealed that dock and jean sandblasting workers perceived their work as more risky compared\\u000a to other

Ayda Buyuksahin Sunal; Onur Sunal; Fatma Yasin

2011-01-01

202

When Constructivists Jean Piaget And Lev Vygotsky Were Pedagogical Collaborators: A Viewpoint From A Study Of Their Communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Jean Piaget, author of Genetic Epistemology, and Lev Vygotsky, creator of Cultural–Historical Theory, were able to communicate and exchange ideas for a period of five years. After 1929, despite Stalin cutting off all East–West communications, they still were able to have some communication. Many think that Genetic Epistemology and Cultural–Historical Theory are dissimilar, but the knowledge of these mutual communications

Susan Pass

2007-01-01

203

Two schemes of intellectual development: A comparison of development as defined by william perry and jean piaget  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The theories of Jean Piaget and William Perry provide two different theories of intellectual development with several similiarities, but also with critical differences. In this study a comparison was made to determine whether the two theories describe operation of the same mental structures or two fundamentally different aspects of intellectual development. The results, based upon individual interviews of all participants, indicate that the two theories outline different and independent processes for assessing intellectual development.

Perry, Bruce; Donovan, Michael P.; Kelsey, Linda J.; Paterson, John; Statkiewicz, Walter; Allen, Robert D.

204

Role-taking as a Cognitive Process in the Writings of George Herbert Mead and Jean Piaget  

Microsoft Academic Search

Role-taking, as considered in the writings of the social psychologist George Herbert Mead, is a developmental construct essential for social interaction. Since its early formulations, however, it has suffered from conceptual confusion and misrepresentation. The present study analyzes the nature and development of role-taking ability in the works of G.H. Mead and Jean Piaget in order to provide clarification of

Marie Hope Pierce

1976-01-01

205

Comparison of the velocity distribution between the adhesion approximation and the Euler-Jeans-Newton model  

SciTech Connect

For the evolution of density fluctuation in nonlinear cosmological dynamics, adhesion approximation (AA) is proposed as a phenomenological model, which is especially useful for describing nonlinear evolution. However, the origin of the artificial viscosity in AA is not clarified. Recently, Buchert and Dominguez report if the velocity dispersion of the dust fluid is regarded as isotropic, it works on a principle similar to viscosity or effective pressure, and they consider isotropic velocity dispersion as the origin of the artificial viscosity in AA. They name their model the Euler-Jeans-Newton (EJN) model. In this paper, we focus on the velocity distribution in AA and the EJN model and examine the time evolution in both models. We find the behavior of AA differs from that of the EJN model, i.e., although the peculiar velocity in the EJN model oscillates, that in AA is monotonically decelerated due to viscosity without oscillation. Therefore it is hard to regard viscosity in AA as effective pressure in the EJN model.

Sotani, Hajime [Advanced Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan); Tatekawa, Takayuki [Advanced Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan); Department of Physics, Ochanomizu University, 2-1-1 Otsuka, Bunkyo, Tokyo 112-8610 (Japan); Department of Physics, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan)

2006-01-15

206

Jean-Martin Charcot's role in the 19th century study of music aphasia.  

PubMed

Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-93) was a well-known French neurologist. Although he is widely recognized for his discovery of several neurological disorders and his research into aphasia, Charcot's ideas about how the brain processes music are less well known. Charcot discussed the music abilities of several patients in the context of his 'Friday Lessons' on aphasia, which took place at the Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris in 1883-84. In his most comprehensive discussion about music, Charcot described a professional trombone player who developed difficulty copying music notation and playing his instrument, thereby identifying a new isolated syndrome of music agraphia without aphasia. Because the description of this case was published only in Italian by one of his students, Domenico Miliotti, there has been considerable confusion and under-acknowledgement of Charcot's ideas about music and the brain. In this paper, we describe Charcot's ideas regarding music and place them within the historical context of the growing interest in the neurological underpinnings of music abilities that took place in the 1880s. PMID:23576129

Johnson, Julene K; Lorch, Marjorie; Nicolas, Serge; Graziano, Amy

2013-04-09

207

Jean-Baptiste Labat and the buccaneer barbecue in seventeenth-century Martinique.  

PubMed

If, as the sociologist Pierre L. van den Berghe has suggested, cuisine is a significant expression of man's sociability, one might say that the seventeenth-century missionary Jean-Baptiste Labat was the single most social animal in the Caribbean islands in the 1690s. Although his primary responsibility on the island of Martinique was to serve the island's multiethnic population as a spiritual leader, le père Labat's memoirs chronicle the diverse culinary experiences of the missionary as he literally eats his way around the island, learning to prepare such delicacies as cocoa confit, roasted manatee, lizard en brochette, and parakeet en daube. Positing his unbridled interest in the culinary arts as a mark of his “obedience” to the duties assigned him as missionary, Labat's taxonomy of island delicacies and exotic tastes no doubt titillated the curiosity of his mainland readers while nevertheless grounding itself strongly in the values of order, authenticity, and industry so essential to Labat's apostolic mission. This article focuses on two “buccaneer barbecues” as examples of gastronomical experiences through which Labat was able to construct and negotiate new social, cultural, and symbolic meanings, exploring identity politics through the frame of the culinary arts in seventeenth-century Martinique. PMID:21539051

Toczyski, Suzanne

2010-01-01

208

[A XVIth century journeyman apothecar in Montpellier: Jean Magnol (1562-1632)].  

PubMed

J. Magnol came from Ardèche to Montpellier to learn how to be apothecary grocer. He is characteristics of the transition between the Middle-Ages statutes and Renaissance ones (1572/1598) in a city famous for its school of medicine. For thirteen (13) years he worked as a journeyman apothecary was like a drysalter grocer. But the 1572 statutes due to king Henry IV (the fourth), having force of law, changed the trade into an art, as highly regarded as the legal profession. Long before the 1777 nationwide statutes due to king Louis XIV (the fourteenth). To become a master, Magnol had to give four masterpieces, the formulas of which can be found in the new pharmacopoeia written by the medicine chancellor: "the pharmacopoea Monspeliensis" an alternative to the ancient one by Nicolas de Salerne. The pratical experiments were carried out by those famous apothecary masters who made up the 1572 statutes. Jean Magnol is Pierre Magnol's ancestor (1638-1715), the famous botanist whom Carl Linné dedicated the magnolia genus to. PMID:17526144

Charlot, Colette

2006-11-01

209

Jean-Anthelme Brillat-Savarin's 1825 treatise on the mouth and ingestion.  

PubMed

This article quotes and discusses Jean-Anthelme Brillat-Savarin's musings on the mouth and ingestion as described in his book The Physiology of Taste. The book was first published in France in December 1825, and is still widely read as a key work in Gastronomy today. The mouth is intimately related to the acts of chewing, swallowing and eating and it would be interesting to report an early 19th century epicurean's views on the mouth. Passages from Brillat-Savarin's book describing the functions of the teeth and tongue and the acts of tasting, chewing, and swallowing are quoted in full. Anecdotes also include one on the horrifying punishment of having one's tongue removed and another illustrating the poor oral health found among Europeans of that era. His work offers a unique glimpse into how a 19th century gastronome viewed the oral cavity and its gastronomical functions. While some of his writings may appear archaic and antediluvian to the modern reader; others relating to, for example chewing and swallowing, are surprisingly accurate by contemporary standards. Nonetheless, the gastronomic savant seemed to know a lot right about modern stomatology! PMID:23739320

Chong, Gabriel Tse Feng

2012-12-25

210

Jean-Charles Houzeau's Visual Magnitude Estimates from Jamaica in 1868  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Jean-Charles Houzeau de Lehaie (1820-1888) was a Belgian astronomer who, as an observer, covered astronomy, geography, cartography, geodesy and natural sciences. He is known for designing the ``heliometer with unequal focal lengths" for the 1882 transit of Venus, for which he organised two expeditions: one to San Antonio (Texas), and one to Santiago (Chile). Less known, but historically important from the point of view of his consistent approach to observational science, was his ``Uranométrie générale", in which he systematically recorded visual magnitudes of 5719 northern and southern stars up to mag 6.4. He carried out the visual estimates from Jamaica in less than 400 nights in 1875--76. This presentation discusses the observational approach of his project, and weighs the merit of a dataset that was produced in one throw, by one single person from one single observing site of excellent atmospheric quality, without any recourse to data produced by other observers. A proving example of the virtue of Houzeau's Uranométrie is that it has been used in the construction of the charts of the first edition of ``Norton's Star Atlas".

Sterken, Christiaan

2012-09-01

211

A model of mentorship in occupational therapy: the leadership of a. Jean ayres.  

PubMed

Over a period of 30 years, Dr. A. Jean Ayres conducted and disseminated research related to the theory and practice of sensory integration. The Center for the Study of Sensory Integrative Dysfunction was established to promote Ayres' research with 66 faculty members recruited by 1982. To describe how Dr. Ayres may have influenced the occupational therapy profession, a survey was conducted to document the scholarly/leadership productivity of Sensory Integration faculty. Of the 66 faculty members, 48 were located and sent survey packets. The return rate was 79% (n = 38). Respondents documented their productivity in eight categories and answered 18 questions about their leadership qualities. Ninety-seven percent of respondents indicated that Ayres had professionally influenced them. Fifty-one percent of respondents had doctorate degrees with 78% reported having academic teaching experience. This group of 38 professionals had produced 438 peer-reviewed articles, 707 nonpeer-reviewed publications, and 265 grants. Ayres' legacy is continued with the scholarly work of the Sensory Integration faculty who received professional mentorship. PMID:23927028

Burtner, Patricia A; Crowe, Terry K; Lopez, Alexia

2009-01-01

212

The significance of some observations on African ocular onchocerciasis described by Jean Hissette (1888-1965).  

PubMed

One of the most significant contributions to tropical medicine and ophthalmology was made by Jean Hissette: African ocular onchocerciasis. During his extensive investigations in the Babindi country, he found numerous adults with river blindness. Their eye disease was caused by the filaria Onchocerca volvulus Leuckart. He noticed the signs of interstitial keratitis and band keratopathy, faint iritis or iridocyclitis, posterior synechiae and often a downward distortion of the pupil. He was the first to describe chorioretinal scarring of the fundus, what became known as the Hissette-Ridley fundus. People reported to him their entoptic phenomena which he unequivocally interpreted to be the images of microfilariae in the patient's own eye. During his stay in Belgium in 1932, he elucidated the pathogenesis of blindness since he was able to provide histological proof of the presence of microfilariae in various ocular tissues of an enucleated eye from a patient living near the Sankuru river. Like other serious health impairments, the severe inflammatory lesions in the eye occurred only after the microfilariae had died. Hence he realized that dying microfilariae play a key role in the mechanisms leading to blindness. Hissette's precise descriptions were the logical fruit of his outstanding observational abilities and enabled him as a man of great intuition to speculate about causal relationships. He evidently benefited from the fact that he took the native Africans seriously and asked them their opinion. In 1933, his friend and teacher Dr. De Mets in Antwerp already wrote on Hissette's discovery in the Belgian Congo: "This study is of exceptional value to specialists which is not only a tribute to its author, but to our common native country (Belgium)." PMID:18546927

Kluxen, G; Hoerauf, A

2008-01-01

213

The Earth Summit: a vision shared. An interview with Jean-Claude Faby.  

PubMed

Interviewed by Development Forum, the director of UNCED's New York office, Jean-Claude Faby, who has been intimately involved in the negotiations preceding the Earth Summit, discusses his view of the process and expectations of global meeting. Faby explains that during the preparatory process, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) have played an instrumental role. For example, women have raised issues concerning women, and their efforts are reflected in Agenda 21, the action plan of the Rio Declaration. Although describing the NGOs' critical assessment of the process as a health impatience, Faby notes that the issues to be confronted in Rio are some of the most complicated and vexing environmental and development problems facing the world community. Faby explains that the business community, an important player in the issues at hand, has also taken an active role in the negotiations. Faby acknowledges that the negotiations have witnessed a rift between North and South over the language of the document, a debate that will probably continue during the summit itself. Some of the issues of contention are military spending (a particularly concern of NGOs) and the North's high level of consumption, which the South insists must be addressed. Faby also discusses the issue of implementation and funding following the conclusion of the summit. Although implementation would require some $125 billion (a relatively modest figure), Faby expects that no neat funding package will emerge from Rio. In fact, funding will be one of the primary concerns of the Rio follow-up. Concerning the institutional follow-up of the summit, some are calling for the formation of a new institution, while others oppose such a move. PMID:12343708

Hoeffel, P H

214

First observations of the second solar spectrum with spatial resolution at the Lunette Jean Rösch  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Context: A new polarimeter has been installed at the focus of the 50 cm refractor of the Lunette Jean Rösch (LJR), previously known as Turret Dome, Pic du Midi, France, for spectroscopic observations of weak solar magnetic fields. Fields can be derived through the Hanle effect from the depolarization of the second solar spectrum (i.e. the linearly polarized spectrum at the limb). Aims: We present the first observations with spatial resolution based on the new device performed with the large 8 m Echelle spectrograph, or recorded in imagery mode through narrow band filters. The observations started in April 2004, especially in the blue part of the spectrum where our instrumentation has a particularly good efficiency. The capabilities and the characteristics of the new instrument are briefly described. We observed several lines of the second solar spectrum with the slit of the spectrograph orthogonal to the limb to study the polarization as a function of limb distance (which is related to altitude in the atmosphere), and several spectral windows in imagery to determine the average continuum polarization. Methods: The polarimeter uses Nematic Liquid Crystal (NLC) technology at the primary focus of the refractor, in spectroscopic or imagery mode. Results: A continuous polarization profile through the limb is presented for the photospheric SrI 460.7 nm line, the low chromospheric BaII 455.4 nm line, and the CaI 422.7 nm line within a distance of 120´´, together with measurements of the mean continuum polarization obtained in imagery mode. Preliminary results of the polarization of the SrI 460.7 nm line are also shown at 40´´ from the limb, as a function of the brightness of structures visible in the continuum (granulation). They reveal a tendency for the polarization to be weaker in dark features (intergranules) than in bright ones (granules), suggesting a stronger magnetic field in intergranular lanes. As example the enigmatic and weak polarization signal in the core of the NaD1 589.6 nm line is presented. Conclusions: .Some aspects of the spatial variation of the polarization with respect to the granulation pattern require further investigation at higher spatial resolution. Appendices A-C are only available in elctronic form at http://www.aanda.org

Malherbe, J.-M.; Moity, J.; Arnaud, J.; Roudier, Th.

2007-02-01

215

Jean Langlais (1907-91): an historical case of a blind organist with stroke-induced aphasia and Braille alexia but without amusia.  

PubMed

The subject of a prior report of a blind organist with aphasia and Braille alexia without amusia, published in French, has been identified as Jean Langlais. His artistic and medical history is presented, the latter via translation of the original 1987 paper. PMID:18952998

Fisher, C A H; Larner, A J

2008-11-01

216

Transitory Connections: The Reception and Rejection of Jean Piaget's Psychology in the Nursery School Movement in the 1920s and 1930s  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1927, nursery school educator Lucy Sprague Mitchell heralded Jean Piaget's psychology as of "outstanding interest" and wrote in "Progressive Education" that it should be of "immense service" to psychologists, teachers, and parents. In 1929, psychologist Lois Meek praised Piaget's research in the National Society for the Study of Education's…

Beatty, Barbara

2009-01-01

217

Implications in the Theories of Lev Vygotsky, Jean Piaget, George Kelly and Erik Erikson for the Assessment of Instruction in College Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interpretation a mature reader gleans from written language is a reflection of his linguistic, cognitive, emotional, and experiential level. In providing adequate instruction, therefore, instructors must be knowledgeable about the developmental sequences characteristic of each of these domains. The theories of L.S. Vygotsky, George Kelly, Jean…

Chaplin, Miriam Thomas

218

[Comment on ``Plate tectonics: Scientific revolution or scientific program?'' by Jean-Claude Mareschal] Development of plate tectonics theory: The missing piece  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent article by Jean-Claude Mareschal (``Plate Tectonics: Scientific Revolution or Scientific Program?'' in Eos, May 19, 1987, p. 529) adds to the interesting literature on the evolution of the theory of plate tectonics. It is curious that an aspect of the general theory that seems to be little considered and mentioned by Mareschal or others who write about the

Bruce R. Doe

1987-01-01

219

[An analytical visualization practice. The pathological-anatomical illustrations of Jean Cruveilhier in relation to clinical observations].  

PubMed

The article examines the meaning and function of medical illustrations in the famous Atlas Anatomie pathologique, published by the French surgeon Jean Cruveilhier (1791-1874). By tracing the complex representation of pathological entities both back to the visual tradition of anatomy and the semiotic tradition of case descriptions and case histories, the article identifies the visualization technique of Cruveilhier as an analytical practice. The illustration of pathological anatomy gains a functional diagnostic quality when bound to case descriptions and clinical histories. The Atlas serves thereby as a sample to trace the genealogies of a clinical visualization practice in characteristic images that is both engaged with an individual case and classificational tasks. PMID:22586777

Engelmann, Lukas

2012-03-01

220

Application of Jean Piaget's theory of human development for nursing children in an adult intensive therapy unit.  

PubMed

Piaget (1964) believed that interaction with the environment has a large part to play in human development. Matthew (1986) states that in an ideal world critically ill children should be cared for by staff trained in paediatrics, within designated paediatric intensive therapy units. Unfortunately, there are only 28 paediatric intensive therapy units in Great Britain (CMA Medical Data, 1987), consequently each year a third of children requiring intensive care are admitted to adult intensive therapy units (ITU). A knowledge and understanding of developmental psychology can therefore be beneficial to nurses in assessing which stage of development a child has reached, in order to plan the correct level of stimulation, and hence facilitate progress rather than regression in the accomplishment of developmental tasks. The psychological and social processes involved in Jean Piaget's (1896-1980) theory of human development are discussed with regard to nursing children requiring intubation and ventilation in an adult ITU. PMID:1765639

Green, A

1991-12-01

221

Exploring Extinction and Structure in the Milky Way Disk with the Rayleigh-Jeans Color Excess Method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Because the Milky Way is the primary laboratory for detailed exploration of the evolution of galaxies, understanding the complex structure and composition of its disk is a critical step toward defining its morphology and placing it properly within the extragalactic context. However, much of the disk structure and stellar population information lies hidden among and behind thick and clumpy dust clouds. We have found that a potent means for disentangling the stellar and interstellar dust distributions lies in the combination of near- and mid-infrared photometry, which, by sampling the Rayleigh-Jeans part of the stellar spectral energy distribution, has the ability to separate rather cleanly the intrinsic stellar characteristics from dust reddening effects. Here we describe the "Rayleigh-Jeans Color Excess" (RJCE) method, which has the advantage over other photometric dereddening techniques of preserving stellar type and luminosity class information for each star throughout the dereddening process. We apply the RJCE method to present not only new maps of the distribution of dust across the Galactic disk, but also "clean," reddening-corrected color magnitude diagrams (CMDs) of highly extinguished fields whose raw CMDs are not readily interpretable in a stellar populations context. Our RJCE extinction maps of the highly reddened Galactic midplane trace both the diffuse and filamentary extinction predicted by molecular emission much more accurately than the commonly used extinction maps derived from long-wavelength dust emission. We demonstrate how the retention of stellar type and luminosity information, discernible from our dereddened CMDs, facilitates three-dimensional, model-independent stellar and extinction mapping. This powerful technique and its data products will improve Galactic extinction corrections, facilitate target selection for prominent upcoming Galactic surveys, and enable exploration of elusive Galactic midplane structural and halo substructural features.

Zasowski, Gail; Majewski, S. R.; Nidever, D. L.

2010-01-01

222

Diamagnetic Corrections and Pascal's Constants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Measured magnetic susceptibilities of paramagnetic substances must typically be corrected for their underlying diamagnetism. This correction is often accomplished by using tabulated values for the diamagnetism of atoms, ions, or whole molecules. These tabulated values can be problematic since many sources contain incomplete and conflicting data.…

Bain, Gordon A.; Berry, John F.

2008-01-01

223

Diamagnetic Corrections and Pascal's Constants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Measured magnetic susceptibilities of paramagnetic substances must typically be corrected for their underlying diamagnetism. This correction is often accomplished by using tabulated values for the diamagnetism of atoms, ions, or whole molecules. These tabulated values can be problematic since many sources contain incomplete and conflicting data.…

Bain, Gordon A.; Berry, John F.

2008-01-01

224

On the Jeans Criterion of a Stratified Heat Conducting Gaseous Medium in the Presence of Non-uniform Rotation and Magnetic Field  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The problem of self-gravitational instability of an infinite, homogeneous stratified gaseous medium with finite thermal conductivity and infinite electrical conductivity, in the presence of non-uniform rotation and magnetic field in the Chandrasekhar's frame of reference, is studied. It is found that the magnetic field, whether uniform or non-uniform, has no effect on the Jeans' criterion for gravitational instability and remains essentially unaffected. However, the thermal conductivity has the usual stabilizing effect on the criterion that the adiabatic sound velocity occurring in the Jeans criterion is replaced by the isothermal sound velocity. Thus, the present analysis extends the results of Chandrasekhar for the case of heat conducting medium and for non-uniform rotation and magnetic field.

Dhiman, Joginder S.; Dadwal, Rekha

2012-12-01

225

Review of Julien Gœury: L 'Autopsie et le théorème: poétique des Théorèmes spirituels (1613-1622) de Jean de La Ceppède  

Microsoft Academic Search

Les lecteurs de La Ceppède seront contents de recevoir le livre de Julien Gœury car son étude représente une addition importante aux ouvrages récents sur le poète aixois. Faisant partie de la redécouverte critique des Théorèmes initiée par les travaux de Jean Rousset dans les années 50, L'Autopsie et le théorème jette un nouveau regard sur l'oeuvre laceppédienne en adoptant

Russell J Ganim

2002-01-01

226

"Mathematics made no contribution to the public weal": why Jean Fernel (1497-1558) became a physician.  

PubMed

This paper offers a caution that emphasis upon the importance of mathematics in recent historiography is in danger of obscuring the historical fact that, for the most part, mathematics was not seen as important in the pre-modern period. The paper proceeds by following a single case study, and in so doing offers the first account of the mathematical writings of Jean Fernel (1497-1558), better known as a leading medical innovator of the 16th century. After establishing Fernel's early commitment to mathematics, and attempt to forge a career as a cosmographer, it goes on to explain his abandonment of mathematics for a career in medicine. The 'mathematization of the world picture' is usually explained in terms of the perceived usefulness of mathematics, but Fernel's case shows that for many pre-modern thinkers, mathematics was not regarded as a useful pursuit. The paper should serve as a reminder, therefore, that the take-up of mathematics by natural philosophers was by no means inevitable, but had to be carefully managed by early modern mathematical practitioners. The case of Fernel indicates that perhaps he was not the only would-be mathematical practitioner to abandon mathematics in favor of a calling that was more appreciated by contemporaries. PMID:21972473

Henry, John

2011-01-01

227

Jean-Martin Charcot and art: Relationship of the "founder of neurology" with various aspects of art.  

PubMed

Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893), the "father of neurology" in France and much beyond, was also the man who established academic psychiatry in Paris, differentiating it from clinical alienism. In his teaching, he used artistic representations from previous centuries to illustrate the historical developments of hysteria, mainly with the help of his pupil Paul Richer. Charcot liked to draw portraits (in particular, sketches of colleagues during boring faculty meetings and students' examinations), caricatures of himself and others, church sculptures, landscapes, soldiers, etc. He also used this skill in his clinical and scientific work; he drew histological or anatomic specimens, as well as patients' features and demeanor. His most daring artistic experiments were drawing under the influence of hashish. Charcot's tastes in art were conservative; he displayed no affinity for the avant-gardes of his time, including impressionism, or for contemporary musicians, such as César Franck or Hector Berlioz. Léon Daudet, son of Charcot's former friend and famous writer Alphonse Daudet, described Charcot's home as a pseudo-gothic kitsch accumulation of heteroclite pieces of furniture and materials. However, as Henry Meige wrote a few years after his mentor's death, Charcot the artist remains "inseparable from Charcot the physician." PMID:24041281

Bogousslavsky, Julien; Boller, François

2013-01-01

228

Crime, hysteria and belle époque hypnotism: the path traced by Jean-Martin Charcot and Georges Gilles de la Tourette.  

PubMed

Hysteria and hypnotism became a favorite topic of studies in the fin de siècle neurology that emerged from the school organized at La Salpêtrière by Jean-Martin Charcot, where he had arrived in 1861. Georges Gilles de la Tourette started working with Charcot in 1884 and probably remained his most faithful student, even after his mentor's death in 1893. This collaboration was particularly intense on 'criminal hypnotism', an issue on which Hippolyte Bernheim and his colleagues from the Nancy School challenged the positions taken by the Salpêtrière School. Bernheim claimed that hypnotism was not a diagnostic feature of hysteria and that there were real-life examples of murders suggested under hypnosis, while hypnosis susceptibility was identified with hysteria by Charcot and Gilles de la Tourette, who saw rape as the only crime associated with hypnotism. The quarrel was particularly virulent during a series of famous criminal cases which took place between 1888 and 1890. At the time, it was considered that La Salpêtrière had succeeded over Nancy, since the role of hypnotism was discarded during these famous trials. However, the theories of Charcot and Gilles de la Tourette were also damaged by the fight, which probably triggered the conceptual evolution leading to Joseph Babinski's revision of hysteria in 1901. Gilles de la Tourette's strong and public interest in hypnotism nearly cost him his life, when a young woman who claimed to have been hypnotized against her will shot him in the head at his own home in 1893. It was subsequently shown that hypnotism had nothing to do with it. The delusional woman was interned at Sainte-Anne for mental disturbance, thus escaping trial. Ironically, Gilles de la Tourette may have been partly responsible, since he had been one of the strongest proponents of placing mentally-ill criminals in asylums instead of prisons. PMID:19602893

Bogousslavsky, Julien; Walusinski, Olivier; Veyrunes, Denis

2009-07-11

229

[The market at the heart of the invention of the museum ? : Jean-Baptiste-Pierre Lebrun at the Louvre (1792-1802).  

PubMed

Before Vivant Denon, the dealer Jean-Baptiste-Pierre Lebrun played a crucial role in the creation of the Louvre collections, despite the revolutionary discourse which opposed the market to the museum. Lebrun's position as a polemicist is interpreted here as a strategy of self-presentation which made possible the controversial birth of the figure of the museum expert. With Lebrun, the Louvre imposed itself as a public space of artistic expertise, where values imported from the market - such as attributionism, materiality, and authenticity - became prominent in the evaluation of paintings. PMID:21424356

Guichard, Charlotte

2011-03-01

230

Curriculum Vitae: Jean Rexford  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... Commissioner, Permanent Commission on the Status of Women Consumers Union, Safe Patient Project CT Chiropractic Examining Board ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

231

Hell in the family: married women and madness before institutionalization at the St-Jean-de-Dieu Asylum, 1890-1921.  

PubMed

Research in Montreal's St-Jean-de-Dieu Asylum archives has revealed a number of letters from family members and local physicians pleading for asylum care for married women between 1890 and 1921. When added to other admission documents in patients' medical files, these letters allow an intimate glimpse into private lives of families and highlight the pain and distress of dealing with mentally ill people in the home before the introduction of community mental health services. Far from easily abandoning a spouse or mother, close-knit French Canadian families struggled until they could no longer cope before seeking help. To comply with asylum regulations, family members (primarily husbands, who were often illiterate) and local physicians were required to justify their applications for admission, but they did so in different ways. PMID:21329143

Thifault, Marie-Claude

2011-01-01

232

"He sees the development of children's concepts upon a background of sociology": Jean Piaget's honorary degree at Harvard University in 1936.  

PubMed

In the recent memory, Jean Piaget has been known as a cognitive developmental psychologist. But in 1936 when Harvard gave him his first honorary degree, he was recognized mainly as a sociologist. Why did Harvard honor him in 1936? Who knew his work well enough to nominate him? This article will address these questions by exploring archival documents from different sources. Evidence draws our attention to a broad social and intellectual endeavor in philanthropy, other social sciences, and especially industrial research that brought Piaget across the water. This article also attempts to interpret the circumstances of the nomination process inside and outside of Harvard University by using a theory of institutional design. It suggests that embodied in Harvard's honor of Piaget in 1936 was an idealistic act in social designing for a future society. PMID:15022668

Hsueh, Yeh

2004-02-01

233

LIFTING THE DUSTY VEIL WITH NEAR- AND MID-INFRARED PHOTOMETRY. I. DESCRIPTION AND APPLICATIONS OF THE RAYLEIGH-JEANS COLOR EXCESS METHOD  

SciTech Connect

The Milky Way (MW) remains a primary laboratory for understanding the structure and evolution of spiral galaxies, but typically we are denied clear views of MW stellar populations at low Galactic latitudes because of extinction by interstellar dust. However, the combination of Two Micron All-Sky Survey (2MASS) near-infrared (NIR) and Spitzer-IRAC mid-infrared (MIR) photometry enables a powerful method for determining the line-of-sight reddening to any star: the sampled wavelengths lie in the Rayleigh-Jeans part of the spectral energy distribution of most stars, where, to first order, all stars have essentially the same intrinsic color. Thus, changes in stellar NIR-MIR colors due to interstellar reddening are readily apparent, and (under an assumed extinction law) the observed colors and magnitudes of stars can be easily and accurately restored to their intrinsic values, greatly increasing their usefulness for Galactic structure studies. In this paper, we explore this 'Rayleigh-Jeans Color Excess' (RJCE) method and demonstrate that use of even a simple variant of the RJCE method based on a single reference color, (H -[4.5{mu}]), can rather accurately remove dust effects from previously uninterpretable 2MASS color-magnitude diagrams of stars in fields along the heavily reddened Galactic midplane, with results far superior to those derived from application of other dereddening methods. We also show that 'total' Galactic midplane extinction looks rather different from that predicted using 100{mu} emission maps from the IRAS/ISSA and COBE/DIRBE instruments as presented by Schlegel et al. Instead, the Galactic midplane extinction strongly resembles the distribution of {sup 13}CO (J = 1{yields}0) emission. Future papers will focus on refining the RJCE method and applying the technique to understand better not only dust and its distribution but also the distribution of stars intermixed with the dust in the low-latitude Galaxy.

Majewski, Steven R.; Zasowski, Gail; Nidever, David L., E-mail: srm4n@virginia.edu, E-mail: gz2n@virginia.edu, E-mail: dln5q@virginia.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States)

2011-09-20

234

Automatic data visualization for novice Pascal programmers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presenting the data structures from proams in a gr graphical manner can significantly help programmers understand and debug their programs. The Amethyst system, which runs on Apple Macintosh computers, provides attractive and appropriate default displays for data structures. The default displays include the appropriate forms for literals of the simple types inside type-specific shapes as well as stacked boxes for

Brad A. Myers; Ravinder Chandhok; Atul Sareen

1988-01-01

235

Descartes and Pascal on the Eucharist  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within Descartes' philosophy, the problem of the Eucharist provides scholars the occasion to investigate a nexus of questions belonging to different domains of his thought. In taking up this problem, about which there has been much written in the past few decades (see the bibliography below), I hope first of all to discern some order in the texts themselves, as

Vlad Alexandrescu

2007-01-01

236

Teaching Basic and Pascal "Logo Style."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In traditional programming courses assignments usually consist of problems that are somewhat closed in nature. That is, students are usually given a rigidly defined problem statement and are provided with a set of data that they are to use to test their program to produce a unique result. While this approach makes evaluation easy, it discourages…

Yoder, Sharon Burrowes

237

For Sequential Sampling: Pascal (Negative Binomial) Probabilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For a situation in which independent binomial events are randomly sampled in sequence, this page will calculate (a) the probability that you will end up with exactly k instances of the outcome in question, with the final (kth) instance occurring on trial N; and (b) the probability that you will have to sample at least N events before finding the kth instance of the outcome.

Lowry, Richard, 1940-

2008-06-27

238

"Advice to the medical students in my service": the rediscovery of a golden book by Jean Hamburger, father of nephrology and of medical humanities.  

PubMed

Jean Hamburger (1909-1992) is considered the founder of the concept of medical intensive care (réanimation médicale) and the first to propose the name Nephrology for the branch of medicine dealing with kidney diseases. One of the first kidney grafts in the world (with short-term success), in 1953, and the first dialysis session in France, in 1955, were performed under his guidance. His achievements as a writer were at least comparable: Hamburger was awarded several important literary prizes, including prix Femina, prix Balzac and the Cino del Duca prize (1979), awarded, among others, to Jorge Luis Borges and Konrad Lorenz.Here we would like to offer a selected reading of a "golden" book, "Conseils aux étudiants en medicine de mon service" ("Advice to the Medical Students in my Service"), the first book dedicated to patient-physician relationship in Nephrology, written when dialysis and transplantation were becoming clinical options (1963). The themes include: the central role of the patient, who should be known by name, profession, life style, and not by disease; the importance of the setting of the care; the need for truth-telling and for leaving hope; the role of research not only in the progression of science, but also in the daily clinical practice. PMID:23497662

Barbara, Piccoli Giorgina

2013-03-15

239

"Advice to the medical students in my service": the rediscovery of a golden book by Jean Hamburger, father of nephrology and of medical humanities  

PubMed Central

Jean Hamburger (1909–1992) is considered the founder of the concept of medical intensive care (réanimation médicale) and the first to propose the name Nephrology for the branch of medicine dealing with kidney diseases. One of the first kidney grafts in the world (with short-term success), in 1953, and the first dialysis session in France, in 1955, were performed under his guidance. His achievements as a writer were at least comparable: Hamburger was awarded several important literary prizes, including prix Femina, prix Balzac and the Cino del Duca prize (1979), awarded, among others, to Jorge Luis Borges and Konrad Lorenz. Here we would like to offer a selected reading of a “golden” book, “Conseils aux étudiants en medicine de mon service” (“Advice to the Medical Students in my Service”), the first book dedicated to patient-physician relationship in Nephrology, written when dialysis and transplantation were becoming clinical options (1963). The themes include: the central role of the patient, who should be known by name, profession, life style, and not by disease; the importance of the setting of the care; the need for truth-telling and for leaving hope; the role of research not only in the progression of science, but also in the daily clinical practice.

2013-01-01

240

In memoriam: Jean Blancou, DVM, 1936-2010. World authority on rabies, historian and former Director General of the World Organisation for Animal Health (Office International des Épizooties: OIE).  

PubMed

Jean-Marie Blancou was born in Bangui on 28 August 1936 and passed away in Paris on 10 November 2010 at the age of 74. After studying at the Pierre de Fermat Lycée in Toulouse, Jean Blancou graduated from the Toulouse Veterinary School in 1960. He continued his studies in tropical veterinary medicine in Paris until 1963, extending his knowledge of immunology, microbiology, biochemistry and zoology, at the Institut Pasteur. He obtained his doctorate in biological sciences at the University of Nancy in 1982. Jean Blancou commenced his career as technical adviser to the Veterinary Services of Ethiopia where he directed a campaign against rinderpest in the south of the county. From 1965 to 1967 he was deputy director of the national veterinary laboratory in Niamey where he was responsible for the diagnosis of animal diseases and the production of veterinary vaccines. In 1967, he moved to the central livestock laboratory in Madagascar, where he commenced research on the diagnosis and control of dermatophilosis, bovine tuberculosis and other bacterial and parasitic diseases. In August 1968 he married Geneviève Orue. In 1975 he was appointed as head of the national veterinary laboratory in Senegal, where he remained until 1977. Initially deputy director, and then director of Research on rabies and wildlife diseases, at the World Health Organization collaborating centre in Nancy, he remained in this position until 1990. Jean Blancou was recognised as a world authority on rabies. He conducted research into the diagnosis, aetiology, epidemiology and control of rabies during his time in Nancy. Between 1988 and 1990, Dr Blancou also headed the animal health and protection department of the Centre national d'études vétérinaires et animales (CNEVA) in Maisons-Alfort. On 1 January 1991, he was appointed director general of the World Organisation for Animal Health (Office International des Épizooties: OIE) and was re-elected in 1995 for a further five-year term, until he retired in 2000. He attached great importance to the value of scientific publication and to the ethics involved in producing scientific literature. He had a very strong interest in the historical aspects of animal diseases and, in 2003, published a valuable book entitled History of the surveillance and control of transmissible animal diseases. He would always ensure that the most interesting and appropriate historic illustrations, irrespective of how difficult they were to obtain, were selected for the papers he published. Among some of the activities Jean Blancou undertook during his retirement was the mammoth task of co-editing Infectious and parasitic diseases of livestock in French and English. Dr Blancou authored over 370 scientific publications devoted to animal diseases, to the production and control of biologicals and, of course, many authoritative articles on rabies and vaccinology. He was always generous with the scientific knowledge he possessed and never missed an opportunity to assist colleagues in the preparation or correction of manuscripts that they wished to submit to peer-reviewed journals. He was gentle in nature and always softly spoken. As one of his colleagues wrote: 'we have lost a most gentle, thoughtful and kind man and the world has lost one of its stellar veterinarians'. Despite his busy and brilliant career, Jean Blancou was a family man and devoted to the education of his children. During his illness, he showed great courage. The Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell'Abruzzo e del Molise 'G. Caporale' has been privileged to benefit from the expert knowledge and experience that Dr Blancou so generously provided in his capacity as Member of the Scientific Advisory Board of Veterinaria Italiana. Jean Blancou is survived by his wife, Geneviève, his children and grandchildren. PMID:21240856

241

Thermal evolution of magma reservoirs in the shallow crust and incidence on magma differentiation: the St-Jean-du-Doigt layered intrusion (Brittany, France)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Understanding the emplacement and growth of intrusive bodies in terms of mechanism, duration, thermal evolution and rates are fundamental aspects of crustal evolution. Recent studies show that many plutons grow in several Ma by in situ accretion of discrete magma pulses, which constitute small-scale magmatic reservoirs. The residence time of magmas, and hence their capacities to interact and differentiate, are controlled by the local thermal environment. The latter is highly dependant on 1) the emplacement depth, 2) the magmas and country rock composition, 3) the country rock thermal conductivity, 4) the rate of magma injection and 5) the geometry of the intrusion. In shallow level plutons, where magmas solidify quickly, evidence for magma mixing and/or differentiation processes is considered by many authors to be inherited from deeper levels. We show however that in-situ differentiation and magma interactions occurred within basaltic and felsic sills at shallow depth (0.3 GPa) in the St-Jean-du-Doigt bimodal intrusion, France. Field evidence coupled to high precision zircon U-Pb dating document progressive thermal maturation within the incrementally built laccolith. Early m-thick mafic sills are homogeneous and fine-grained with planar contacts with neighbouring felsic sills; within a minimal 0.5 Ma time span, the system gets warmer, adjacent sills interact and mingle, and mafic sills are differentiating in the top 40 cm of the layer. Rheological and thermal modelling show that observed in-situ differentiation-accumulation processes may be achieved in less than 10 years at shallow depth, provided that (1) the differentiating sills are injected beneath consolidated, yet still warm basalt sills, which act as low conductive insulating screens, (2) the early mafic sills accreted under the roof of the laccolith as a 100m thick top layer within 0.5 My, and (3) subsequent and sustained magmatic activity occurred on a short time scale (years) at an injection rate of ca. 0.5m/y. Extraction of differentiated residual liquids might eventually take place and mix with newly injected magma as documented in active syn-emplacement shear-zones. These low-pressure differentiated liquids can potentially contribute to subaerial volcanic activity along the major shear-zones.

Barboni, M.; Bussy, F.; Ovtcharova, M.; Schoene, B.

2009-12-01

242

La gestion des risques par les établissements de crédit : essais de modélisation macro-économique  

Microsoft Academic Search

[spa] Gesción de riesgos por parte de los establecimientos crediticios, . por Jean Cordier, Pascal Jacquinot y Dominique Plihon.. . El entorno de los bancos se ha visto profundamente modifîcado desde hace unos diez años, debido al proceso de liberalización y de modernización del sistema financière rrancés. Además, la acentuación de las fluctuaciones económicas y financieras ha incrementado los riesgos

Dominique Plihon; Pascal Jacquinot; Jean Cordier

1994-01-01

243

Lifting the Dusty Veil with Near- and Mid-infrared Photometry. III. Two-dimensional Extinction Maps of the Galactic Midplane Using the Rayleigh-Jeans Color Excess Method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We provide new, high-resolution A(Ks ) extinction maps of the heavily reddened Galactic midplane based on the Rayleigh-Jeans Color Excess ("RJCE") method. RJCE determines star-by-star reddening based on a combination of near- and mid-infrared photometry. The new RJCE-generated maps have 2' × 2' pixels and span some of the most severely extinguished regions of the Galaxy—those covered with Spitzer/IRAC imaging by the GLIMPSE-I, -II, -3D, and Vela-Carina surveys, from 256° < l < 65° and, in general, for |b| <= 1°-1fdg5 (extending up to |b| <= 4° in the bulge). Using RJCE extinction measurements, we generate dereddened color-magnitude diagrams and, in turn, create maps based on main sequence, red clump, and red giant star tracers, each probing different distances and thereby providing coarse three-dimensional information on the relative placement of dust cloud structures. The maps generated from red giant stars, which reach to ~18-20 kpc, probe beyond most of the Milky Way extinction in most directions and provide close to a "total Galactic extinction" map—at minimum they provide high angular resolution maps of lower limits on A(Ks ). Because these maps are generated directly from measurements of reddening by the very dust being mapped, rather than inferred on the basis of some less direct means, they are likely the most accurate to date for charting in detail the highly patchy differential extinction in the Galactic midplane. We provide downloadable FITS files and an IDL tool for retrieving extinction values for any line of sight within our mapped regions.

Nidever, David L.; Zasowski, Gail; Majewski, Steven R.

2012-08-01

244

Pascal principle for diffusion-controlled trapping reactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we analyze the long-time behavior of the survival probability PA(t) of an A particle, that performs lattice random walk in the presence of randomly moving traps B. We show that for both perfect and imperfect trapping reactions, for arbitrary spatial dimension d and for a rather general class of random walks, PA(t) is less than or equal

M. Moreau; G. Oshanin; O. Bénichou; M. Coppey

2003-01-01

245

Plato, Pascal, and the Dynamics of Personal Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Educational practices are to be based on proven scientific knowledge, not least because the function science has to perform in human culture consists of unifying practical skills and general beliefs, the episteme and the techne (Amsterdamski, 1975, pp. 43-44). Now, modern societies first of all presuppose regular and standardized ways of…

Otte, Michael Friedrich; Campos, Tania M. M.; Abido, Alexandre S.

2013-01-01

246

MITRE's Submissions to the EU Pascal RTE Challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe MITRE's two submissions to the RTE Challenge, intended to exemplify two different ends of the spectrum of pos- sibilities. The first submission is a tradi- tional system based on linguistic analysis and inference, while the second is in- spired by alignment approaches from ma- chine translation. We also describe our efforts to build our own entailment cor- pus.

Samuel Bayer; John Burger; Lisa Ferro; John Henderson; Alexander Yeh

247

The Pascal-Fermat Correspondence: How Mathematics Is Really Done  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mathematics that students see in their textbooks is highly polished. The steps required to solve a problem are all clearly laid out. Thus, students are denied what could be a valuable learning experience. Often when students meet a problem that differs only slightly from the ones in the book, they are unable to proceed and afraid to "play…

Devlin, Keith

2010-01-01

248

Bailly, Jean Sylvain (1736-93)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Astronomer and politician, born in Paris, studied Halley's comet and the satellites of Jupiter, wrote Histoire de l'Astronomie. Guillotined as the result of an incident when, as Mayor of Paris during the Revolution in 1789, he let the National Guard fire on republican crowds. Unfortunately not the only astronomer to be executed—see ARCHIMEDES, GIORDANO BRUNO, HYPATIA OF ALEXANDRIA, ULUGH BEG, who...

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

249

Morin, Jean-Baptiste (1583-1656)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Doctor, alchemist and astrologer, born in Villefranche, Beaujolais, France, became professor of mathematics at the Collège Royal, published a defense of ARISTOTLE, attacked GALILEO, being convinced that the Earth was fixed in space. Morin proposed an impractical method to solve the longitude problem, based on measuring absolute time by the position of the Moon. He put the method in for a pri...

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

250

[Jean-Charles Sournia's role and the medical terms].  

PubMed

Not only J. Ch. Sournia's stayed in the Middle East but his feeling for foreign languages allowed him to acquire a wide-ranging knowledge in languages and civilisations. So, after he has been elected Member of "Académie Nationale de Médecine", he became the Chairman of the Language Committee. He directed the edition of the Dictionary of the Academy of Medicine he could not lead to its achievement. As an enthusiastic and smart scholar, J.-Ch. Sournia carried on the idea of a humane practise of medicine. He often thought of the future and the evolution of medicine and his successors have to carry on his work. PMID:12392016

Cara, Maurice

251

Fascinating Plasma Structures (Jean Dominique Cassini Medal Lecture)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this lecture I will discuss three plasma realms, which have attracted my particular attention because of their fascinating observable fine structure and the complex underlying physics. The structure is, of course, owed to the pervading magnetic field. But it is in particular the role of magnetic tensions that will be highlighted. The three plasma phenomena are: (1) cometary plasma tails, where magnetic tensions transfer momentum from the solar wind under mass loading by the comet; (2) auroral arcs, which owe their energy influx to the release of magnetic shear stresses; and (3) solar prominences, in which cool plasma embedded in the hot corona is subject to a balance of magnetic shear stresses and gravity. The last subject is a recent topic of my research and still bears many secrets. Images and movies will be supplemented by brief characterizations of the key physical processes.

Haerendel, Gerhard

2010-05-01

252

WASTE MINIMIZATION ASSESSMENT FOR A MANUFACTURER OF PREWASHED JEANS  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has funded a pilot project to assist small and medium-size manufacturers who want to minimize their generation of waste but who lack the expertise to do so. In an effort to assist these manufacturers Waste Minimization Assessment Cen...

253

Jean-Jacques Rousseau's views on adult education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although Rousseau describes in Émile only his scheme for childhood education, he presents us in this work with some direct statements which can be applied to explain more fully the nature of adult education. The author surveys Rousseau's ideas on the role of the general will in adult educational philosophy, subject matter, methodology and negative education, as well as the relationships between the family, student, teacher, community and the state. He concludes that the modern Rousseau would not limit education to males and would recognize that the four Rousseauian periods of educational development — infancy, childhood, youngster, adolescence — is followed by a fifth: adulthood. Adult education is the logical continuation of the four previous phases. Throughout each phase education must permit intellectual and moral growth and always allow for creativity and diversity. Only then can adults become positive contributors to their society.

Dame, Frederick William

1996-01-01

254

Notes on "bioethics and sin" by Jean-Francois Collange.  

PubMed

Placing the notion of sin in the context of a meontic account of evil, and emphasizing the effect of sin on the sinner himself, this commentary exposes the insufficiency of restricting oneself to human efforts at atonement, and of thus underemphasizing the role of Christ. Collange's claim that the teaching of "predestination" is rooted in Paul and that the doctrine of merits and indulgences is rooted in Augustine is criticized, and Luther's "forensic" understanding is linked with Augustine, rather than with Paul. Collange's reduction of the concern for holiness to respect and trust is contrasted with holiness's essential context of loving unification with God. The commentary closes by exposing the unsatisfactory scantiness of Collange's treatment of cloning, health-care economy, and of the evils of life. PMID:16266970

Cozby, Dimitri

2005-08-01

255

Book review: What is Intelligence? Edited by Jean Khalfa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This good book contains good contributions from good researchers with good ideas. Its eight chapters, which spring from the seventh annual series of Darwin College Lectures (many of the authors make sometimes misguided efforts to connect their work to Darwin's), lightly and brightly cover a host of topics -- language, knowledge representation, inference -- that are of central importance to

1995-01-01

256

Jean-Martin Charcot at the birth of Russian neurology.  

PubMed

Russian neurology was virtually nonexistent in the middle of the 19th century which made a traineeship abroad an absolute necessity. Charcot and his school did not just offer professional training, but created the best minds, which would determine the direction of neurology and psychiatry in Russia for many decades. After returning home, young Russian doctors not only implemented everything they had learned in Western Europe, but proceeded to make their own original contributions. The most talented pupils of Charcot, including such prominent names as Kozhevnikov, Korsakov, Minor, Bekhterev and Darkshevich, became the founders of neurological schools in Russia. They laid the basis for the further development of neurology and psychiatry. Remarkably, though trained by the same teachers, each of these future 'founding fathers' of these neurological and psychiatric schools followed his own individual path which resulted in an undeniable diversity in Russian neurology and psychiatry during the period of their formation. PMID:21252555

Vein, Alla A

2011-01-20

257

Did Jean Condorcet (1743-1794) commit suicide?  

PubMed

Condorcet was a famous French mathematician, philosopher and revolutionary. In circumstances that are still unclear, he died in a cell of the Bourg-Egalité prison on 29 March 1794. Most historians of the French Revolution accept suicide as the most likely cause of death but we cannot rule out the possibility that he died of stroke or exhaustion. PMID:16845466

Olry, Régis; Dupont, Geneviève

2006-08-01

258

36 CFR 7.37 - Jean Lafitte National Historical Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...establish conditions governing the taking of crayfish upon a written determination that the taking of crayfish: (i) Is consistent with the purposes...conditions or designations for the taking of crayfish is prohibited. [49 FR 18450,...

2009-07-01

259

36 CFR 7.37 - Jean Lafitte National Historical Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...establish conditions governing the taking of crayfish upon a written determination that the taking of crayfish: (i) Is consistent with the purposes...conditions or designations for the taking of crayfish is prohibited. [49 FR 18450,...

2010-07-01

260

LA LAGUNA: OF EXPORTING JEANS AND CHANGING LABOUR RELATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses the development of a garment cluster in La Laguna, North Mexico, since the coming into effect of the North American Free Trade Agreement. Employment in the local garment industry increased rapidly and working conditions improved, due to increasingly stringent buyer standards. However, both buyer-supplier and employee-worker relations became strained, causing some entrepreneurs to relocate operations to cheaper

ROBINE VAN DOOREN

2006-01-01

261

Jean-Francois Lyotard and the Question of Disciplinary Legitimacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The modern university developed as an institution legitimated by external referents, including national culture and its emancipatory potential. Today's university, however, has been largely destabilized as these referents have become, at the very least, significantly less compelling relative to larger concerns about economic competitiveness and,…

Gietzen, Garett

2010-01-01

262

Jean piaget and george kelly: Toward a stronger constructivism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among constructivist metatheoretical approaches, a strong version is defined as that which reveals reality to be actively and subjectively constructed rather than passively incorporated as objective environmental or innate “facts” by the subject. Given this definition, however, ambiguities arise concerning the potential and limits of construct integration over the course of development. Piaget's stronger constructivist model is offered as a

Joshua Soffer

1993-01-01

263

36 CFR 7.37 - Jean Lafitte National Historical Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...37 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS...taken; and (iii) Will not have an adverse effect on the ecosystem. (3) Violation of established conditions or...

2013-07-01

264

Leverrier [Le Verrier], Urbain Jean Joseph (1811-77)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Celestial mechanician, born in Saint-Lô, France. Worked at the Paris Observatory, under ARAGO. Later became director where his drive for efficiency and for total control over the staff made him unpopular, particularly his diktat that `One should not read in the papers the names of assistant astronomers who made discoveries, when the credit belongs exclusively to the director under whose orders th...

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

265

Hyperrealität — Die beschleunigte Zirkulation der Zeichen in Jean Baudrillards Simulationsgesellschaft  

Microsoft Academic Search

„Man muß Baudrillard lesen wie Science-Fiction“. In diesem Zitat, dass im Klappentext des Buches „Agonie des Realen“ aufgeführt ist, kommt neben einer treffsicheren Charakterisierung des Theoriestils Baudrillards für viele Leser eine Verzweiflung\\u000a oder gar Verachtung zum Ausdruck, die sich schwer tut, das von Baudrillard Geschriebene im Spannungsfeld zwischen Soziologie,\\u000a Philosophie und Medientheorie eindeutig zu ordnen. Versteckt sich hinter diesem Schreibstil,

Martin Horacek

266

Exploring post-Marxist theory: a reading of Jean Baudrillard  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The polarization of debate between Marxism, postmodernism, and poststructuralism is ill judged and unproductive. In contrast to this stand-off the case is made for a transgenic or transversal post-Marxism that opens up new possibilities and avenues,for critical theoretical development. The argument,is developed specifically through a reading of Baudrillard ’soeuvr e. It is argued that the oft-repeated claims for an

Richard G Smith

267

Boundaries and Borderlines: Reflections on Jean Baudrillard and Critical Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

science, philosophy, sociology, etc. Both claim that there are epistemological and metaphysical problems with abstracting from the interconnectedness of phenomena in the world, or from our experience of it. On this view, philosophy, for example, that abstracts from sociology and economics, or political science that excludes, say, economics or culture from its conceptual boundaries, is by nature one-sided, limited, and

Douglas Kellner

268

Jean Baudrillard and the Definitive Ambivalence of Gaming  

Microsoft Academic Search

Baudrillard's “game” was writing and in it, he had interesting things to say about games. This article explores his thought concerning our passion for games and the experimental role gamers perform in our culture. It concludes that Baudrillard was ambivalent about gaming despite the fact that he saw it as a central aspect of the obsession of our age—the lack

Gerry Coulter

2007-01-01

269

Rape, Blue Jeans, and Judicial Developments in Italy  

Microsoft Academic Search

On June 10, 2008, the Supreme Court of Italy (Corte di Cassazione) affirmed a decision made by the Court of Appeal of Venezia condemning a defendant to one year of imprisonment for having repeatedly sexually assaulted a sixteen-year-old girl. The appellant, who was in a relationship with the mother of the victim and cohabited with them at the time of

Benedetta Faedi Duramy

2009-01-01

270

Prior-based automatic segmentation of the carotid artery lumen in TOF MRA (PASCAL).  

PubMed

In current clinical practice, examinations of the carotid artery bifurcation are commonly carried out with Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) or contrast-enhanced Magnetic Resonance Angiography (ceMRA). Quantitative information about vessel morphology, extracted from segmentations, is promising for diagnosis of vessel pathologies. However, both above-mentioned techniques require the administration of contrast media. In contrary, non-ceMRA methods such as Time-of-Flight (TOF) provide fully non-invasive imaging without any exogenous contrast agent. The diagnostic value of TOF MRA, however, for assessment of the carotid bifurcation area can be hampered due to its susceptibility to irregular blood flow patterns. Conventional methods for lumen segmentation are very sensitive to such signal voids and produce inaccurate results. In this work, a novel, fully automatic 3D segmentation algorithm is proposed which uses prior knowledge about irregular flow patterns. The presented technique has been successfully tested on eleven volunteer datasets as well as in a patient case, offering the comparison to CTA images. The sensitivity could be increased by 29.2% to 85.6% compared to standard level set methods. The root mean squared error in diameter measurements was reduced from 4.85 mm to 1.44 mm. PMID:23286087

Hutter, Jana; Hofmann, Hannes G; Grimm, Robert; Greiser, Andreas; Saake, Marc; Hornegger, Joachim; Dörfler, Arnd; Schmitt, Peter

2012-01-01

271

Vlad Alexandrescu - Descartes and Pascal on the Eucharist - Perspectives on Science 15:4  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within Descartes' philosophy, the problem of the Eucharist provides scholars the occasion to investigate a nexus of questions belonging to different domains of his thought. In taking up this problem, about which there has been much written in the past few decades (see the bibliography below), I hope first of all to discern some order in the texts themselves, as

Vlad Alexandrescu

2007-01-01

272

An improved introduction to computing emphasizing the development of algorithms and using the Apple Macintosh Pascal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many colleges and universities offer an introductory computer science course based on a specific programming language. The Department of Computer Science at the University of Kansas has recently created a new environment in order to better teach such topics as problem solving, algorithmic design, elementary programming techniques, and elementary computer techniques. This paper will discuss the transition from a time-sharing

William G. Bulgren; Earl J. Schweppe; Tim Thurman

1986-01-01

273

Pity Poor Pascal: Some Sobering Reflections on the American Book Scene  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite impressive sales gains in recent decades and substantial growth in the number of book buyers, the tradebook, mass market and, to some extent, professional book publishers are handicapped by serious weaknesses in the retail distribution system upon which the bulk of their marketing depends. The industry has largely itself to blame for these difficulties. Publishers are producing many more

John P. Dessauer

1975-01-01

274

Pascal-Type Triangle for the Number of Topologically Distinct Many-Electron Feynman Graphs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Expressing the Green's function for a many body system by means of a perturbative expansion written as a sum over all connected and topologically distinct Feynman graphs, it is shown that the number of such diagrams can be iteratively obtained from a Pasc...

F. Battaglia T. F. George

1987-01-01

275

Associations of student characteristics to measures of introductory Pascal computer programming achievement for suburban community college students (abstract only)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study was the construction and testing of student characteristic models for predicting the performance of 162 students on several dependent measures of computer programming achievement under generic setting and treatment conditions. The dependent measures were tests for program reading and writing, lab problems, composite performance and relative course success categories. Student characteristics were measured within the

Henry Stewart Austin

1987-01-01

276

Software Metric Analysers Based on Attribute Grammars: The Metric of Halstead and Mccabe for Pascal and Miranda Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Software metrics are used to characterize some essential features of software quantatively, so that classification, comparison and mathematical analysis can be performed. To use abstract metric specifications, a certain link between these specifications a...

R. M. R. Robbers

1990-01-01

277

Trait Inferences Based on Perceived Ownership of Designer, Brand Name, or Store Brand Jeans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many products have symbolic as well as utilitarian aspects. The symbolic value of a product can be a major influence on consumers' purchase decisions. Correspondent inference theory was the theoretical basis for examining inferences of owner characteristics based on the selection of one product with its symbolic meanings from available alternatives with different symbolic meanings. One hundred sixteen subjects were

Jane E. Workman

1988-01-01

278

Preservation Plan for the Chalmette Monument, Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve, Louisiana.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary goal of the Preservation Architects was to develop a realistic plan for the stabilization and conservation of the Chalmette Monument and its maintenance into the future. The parameters accepted maximized the use of personal onsite inspection a...

E. D. Cizek D. Del Cid

1988-01-01

279

Jean-Baptiste Say, The Father of Austrian Public Finance: Views on Taxation  

Microsoft Academic Search

arl Menger, the founder of the Austrian School of economics, was instrumental in developing the Austrian analytical framework. How- ever, the foundation of Austrian theory predates Menger by centuries. Beginning with the Scholastics of the sixteenth century, there developed a tra- dition of economic thought on the European continent that includes the French school of the Turgot-Cantillon era. An important

Mark Brandly

2007-01-01

280

Jean-Jacques Is Alive and Well: Rousseau and Contemporary Sociobiology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A description of the author's personal fascination with and study of Rousseau's life. Discusses Rousseau's many questions that are relevant to evolutionary biology, sociobiology, anthropology, and ethology. Questions concern the nature of human nature, the origin of human society, nurture-nature influences on humans, and the nature of male-female…

Masters, Roger D.

1978-01-01

281

NCI-CCR Pediatric Oncology Branch - Pediatric Psycho-Oncology Professionals Profile Listings – Jean Donnelly  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Main Content CCR Home | About CCR | CCR Intranet Main Navigation Home Profiles Research Newsworthy References Special Interest Groups Training Main Links Psycho-Oncology Home Profiles Research Newsworthy/Resources References Special Interest

282

Financed by the European Commission, Jean Monnet Programme, Life Long Learning, Information and Research Activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fundamental forum of this course will be workshop- and seminar-based discussions of theoretical issues, best practice and case studies in the field. These will be complemented by a few formal (lecture-like) presentations. A significant role will be given to presentations by course participants in order to cultivate a strong, supportive but critical culture where trainees engage with each others'

Michael Stewart; Peter Vermeersch; Yaron Matras; Violetta Zentai; Lilla Farkas; Gabor Kezdi; Livia Jaroka

2010-01-01

283

A note on Jean-Baptiste Say and Carl Menger regarding value  

Microsoft Academic Search

n this journal, an enlightening article appeared by Joseph T. Salerno (1988) concerning the neglect of the French liberal school in Anglo-American economics. The purpose of the present note is to reinforce a point contained therein. That point is: \\

Kenneth K. Sanders

1994-01-01

284

Cassini, Jean-Dominique [known as Cassini IV] (1748-1845)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Astronomer, born at the Paris Observatory, great-grandson of the first director, grandson of the second, son of the third and himself the fourth, assuming the responsibilities of the directorship during the decline of his father, and the directorship itself in 1784. Persuaded King Louis XVI to restore the observatory, but the French Revolution occurred and Cassini, a monarchist, bitterly opposed ...

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

285

Jean Améry's Concept of Resentment at the Crossroads of Ethics and Politics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The questions of forgiveness and political justice have recently become intertwined with the “transitional justice” project, the aim of which is the coming to terms with past human rights violations. This article demonstrates that “transitional justice” is less concerned with providing justice than with achieving historical closure, moral redemption, and a “new beginning.” It proposes that justice requires a profound

Magdalena Zolkos

2007-01-01

286

Jean-Jacques Raynal, Histoire des grands courants de la pensée politique  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book is the study of the evolution of political thought currents from ancient Greece to the so-called Third Way. Raynal, who was a lecturer in the Law Faculty of the University of Pau and Pays de l'Adour, focuses on Thomism, Liberalism, Conservatism, Socialism, Fascism, Nazism, Technobureaucracy, Ultraliberalism, Chauvinism, Colonial Imperialism, Social Democracy, Labourism, etc. It does not deal with

María del Carmen Amaya Galván; Manuel J. Peláez

2011-01-01

287

High School Roundtable: NCEA's Jean Rutherford Discusses America's High Schools at ECS  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Governors and state and local education officials assumed that raising student achievement in the elementary and middle grades would solve the problems with high schools--but it hasn't. Why? Good information is the basis for successful improvement, and high school reform lacks accurate information about what students are to learn and about how…

National Center for Educational Accountability, 2005

2005-01-01

288

ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH BRIEF: WASTE MINIMIZATION FOR A MANUFACTURER OF PRE-WASHED JEANS  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has funded a pilot project to assist small and medium-size manufacturers who want to minimize their generation of waste but who lack the expertise to do so. n an effort to assist these manufacturers Waste Minimization Assessment Cent...

289

"Days of future passed" - climate change and carbon cycle history (Jean Baptiste Lamarck Medal Lecture)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the beginning of the fossil fuel age in the 19th century mankind has become an important geological agent on a global scale. For the first time in human history action of man has an impact on global biogeochemical cycles. Increasing CO2 concentrations will result in a perturbation of global carbon cycling coupled with climate change. Investigations of past changes in carbon cycling and in climate will improve our predictions of future climate. Increasing atmospheric CO2 concentrations will drive climate into a mode of operation, which may resemble climate conditions in the deep geological past. Pliocene climate will give insight into 400ppm world with higher global sea level than today. Doubling of pre-industrial atmospheric CO2 levels will shift the climate system into a state resembling greenhouse climate in the Early Cenozoic or even in the Cretaceous. Carbon isotope geochemistry serves as tool for tracing the pathway of the carbon cycle through geological time. Globally registered negative C-isotope anomalies in the C-isotope record are interpreted as signatures of rapid addition (103 to a few 104 years) of CO2 to the ocean-atmosphere system. Positive C-isotope excursions following negative spikes record the slow post-perturbation recovery of the biosphere at time scales of 105 to 106 years. Duration of C-cycle perturbations in earth history cannot be directly compared with rapid perturbation characterizing the Anthropocene. However, the investigation of greenhouse pulses in the geological past provides insight into different climate states, it allows to identify tipping points in past climate systems and it offers the opportunity to learn about response reactions of the biosphere to rapid changes in global carbon cycling. Sudden injection of massive amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere is recorded in C-isotope record of the Early Cretaceous. The Aptian carbon cycle perturbation triggered changes in temperature and in global hydrological cycling. Changes in physical and chemical oceanography are reflected in widespread black shale deposition ("Oceanic Anoxic Event 1a"), in carbonate platform drowning and in biocalcification crises. "Days of future passed" (Moody Blues, 1967) reminds us that the past provides essential information needed for decisions to be made in the interest of mankind's future.

Weissert, Helmut

2013-04-01

290

Baron Dominique Jean Larrey (1766-1842). Father of modern military surgery, innovater, humanist.  

PubMed

There is no question that Baron Larrey was the first modern military surgeon. The high morale of Napolean's troops, which contributed to the success of his armies, was in a major way dependent on Larrey's superb medical care of the wounded. It was Napoleon's brilliance to recognize this and to give Larrey free rein. Beginning in the Civil War, when ambulances first brought in the wounded to receive surgical care at the Battle of Antietam (1862), down to World War II and the Vietnam War, his principles were increasingly followed by the U.S. Army Medical Corps. In Vietnam a true "flying ambulance," the medical helicopter, was obviously the final perfection of Larrey's ambulance volante. Perhaps his dedicated humanism in the care of the wounded soldier was his best characteristic and the one that should be followed most carefully today. Even in this era of great ethical concerns for the sick and wounded, Larrey's principles set the highest of standards for all. PMID:3537533

Brewer, L A

1986-12-01

291

Naming the Unnamable: Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s General Will  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Legal culture during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries experienced a preoccupation with the will of an author. A very\\u000a particular sense of the divine came to be associated with an author of nature. The state too came to be described as an autonomous(auto-nomos)self-conscious author. The author, situated outside and prior to expression, produces the expression. If any juridical agent\\u000a could

William E. Conklin

292

Letter Written by Jean Hempel to the Bryant College Service Club Dated December 10, 1943  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Transcription begins]\\u000aNAVY DEPARTMENTOFFICE OF NAVAL OFFICER PROCUREMENTPHILADELPHIA 7, PA.WIDENER BUILDING CHESTNUT AND JUNIPER STREETS177TH FLOOR TEL. LOCUST 4380\\u000aNaval Aviation Cadet Selection Board\\u000a10 December 1943.\\u000aThe Bryant Service Club,Bryant College,Providence, R. I.\\u000aDear Gang:\\u000aIt was certainly a pleasant surprise to get your letter and the wonderful box of candy. Thanks from all the members of the board.

Jean Hempel

1943-01-01

293

Sarah Bernhardt's 'Doctor God': Jean-Samuel Pozzi (1846-1918).  

PubMed

Samuel Pozzi was a major figure in the early development of modern gynaecological surgery. His textbook, A Treatise on Gynaecology, published in French in 1890 and rapidly translated into five other languages, was the first internationally acclaimed text integrating modern principles of anaesthesia, antisepsis, diagnosis, surgical technique and postoperative care, and in later editions remained a standard reference up to the 1930s. He was the author of more than 400 papers on gynaecological and general abdominal surgery and his technical expertise drew surgeons from all over the world to his theatre in the Hospital Broca, in one of the poorer parts of Paris. He was equally successful in several professional fields apart from medicine. However, his name is now little known in the English-speaking world. This short biography aims to re-introduce Pozzi to readers of English. PMID:17877590

de Costa, Caroline; Miller, Francesca

2007-10-01

294

Postmodernism, symbolicity, and the rhetoric of the Hyperreal: Kenneth Burke, Fredric Jameson, and Jean Baudrillard  

Microsoft Academic Search

Postmodern discourse might be said to be governed by a fundamental insistence upon the textual nature of every context. For some theorists, this assumption is basic to the subversive claim of much postmodern thought; for others, it is merely symptomatic of the cultural rhetoric of late capitalism. The latter view is best articulated by Fredric Jameson, but Jameson's critique of

Thomas Carmichael

1991-01-01

295

Prelude to a Theory of Homo Absurdus: Variations on Themes from Thorstein Veblen and Jean Baudrillard  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homo absurdus refers to an economic character who differs markedly from the leading characters in both orthodox and Marxist interpretations of economic life. The social and psychological characteristics of absurdus are drawn from Thorstein Veblen's ironical and existential insights into business culture. In particular, the article shows how Veblen uses irony to describe and explore the type of despair that

Alan W Dyer

1997-01-01

296

To play with phantoms : Jean Baudrillard and the evil demon of the simulacrum  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is only by historically contextualizing Baudrillard's concept of the simulacrum that we can understand its form and effects – its historical efficacy,its nihilistic ungrounding of certain epistemological foundations, its subsequent demonization in the West, and the latter's attempt to domesticate its power. Baudrillard opposes the contemporary simulacrum with the Durkheimian symbolic but, as a privileged critical site functioning as

William Merrin

2001-01-01

297

Climates as commodities: Jean Pierre Purry and the modelling of the best climate on Earth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper looks at how an early eighteenth-century climatological model of the ‘best climate’ on Earth became a platform for political, economic, and demographic action of extraordinary significance for the colonization of new commodity environments. It analyzes the science used by an early modern business adventurer to model ‘climate’ as an economic tool informing imperial governance and exploitation of local

Vladimir Jankovic

2010-01-01

298

Of maids' uniforms and blue jeans: The drama of status ambivalences in clothing and fashion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Culturally derived ambivalences of social identity lie at the heart of much that is communicated by clothing and fashion. In the West gender, age, sexual and social status identities are all subject to such vacillating clothing impulses and representations. In the instance of social status a culturally encoded tension generated by, at one end, a class based system of invidious

Fred Davis

1989-01-01

299

The New Microbiology: a conference at the Institut de France.  

PubMed

In May 2012, three European Academies held a conference on the present and future of microbiology. The conference, entitled "The New Microbiology", was a joint effort of the French Académie des sciences, of the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina and of the British Royal Society. The organizers - Pascale Cossart and Philippe Sansonetti from the "Académie des sciences", David Holden and Richard Moxon from the "Royal Society", and Jörg Hacker and Jürgen Hesseman from the "Leopoldina Nationale Akademie der Wissenschaften" - wanted to highlight the current renaissance in the field of microbiology mostly due to the advent of technological developments and allowing for single-cell analysis, rapid and inexpensive genome-wide comparisons, sophisticated microscopy and quantitative large-scale studies of RNA regulation and proteomics. The conference took place in the historical Palais de l'Institut de France in Paris with the strong support of Jean-François Bach, Secrétaire Perpétuel of the Académie des sciences. PMID:22938917

Radoshevich, Lilliana; Bierne, Hélène; Ribet, David; Cossart, Pascale

2012-08-16

300

Development of a Prototype Multi-Processing Interactive Software Invocation System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Interactive Software Invocation System (NASA-ISIS) was first transported to the M68000 microcomputer, and then rewritten in the programming language Path Pascal. Path Pascal is a significantly enhanced derivative of Pascal, allowing concurrent algorit...

W. J. Berman

1983-01-01

301

International Congress on Transposable Elements (ICTE) 2012 in Saint Malo and the sea of TE stories.  

PubMed

An international conference on Transposable Elements (TEs) was held 21-24 April 2012 in Saint Malo, France. Organized by the French Transposition Community (GDR Elements Génétiques Mobiles et Génomes, CNRS) and the French Society of Genetics (SFG), the conference's goal was to bring together researchers from around the world who study transposition in diverse organisms using multiple experimental approaches. The meeting drew more than 217 attendees and most contributed through poster presentations (117), invited talks and short talks selected from poster abstracts (48 in total). The talks were organized into four scientific sessions, focused on: impact of TEs on genomes, control of transposition, evolution of TEs and mechanisms of transposition. Here, we present highlights from the talks given during the platform sessions. The conference was sponsored by Alliance pour les sciences de la vie et de la santé (Aviesan), Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale (INSERM), Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD), Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA), Université de Perpignan, Université de Rennes 1, Région Bretagne and Mobile DNA. CHAIR OF THE ORGANIZATION COMMITTEE: Jean-Marc Deragon ORGANIZERS: Abdelkader Ainouche, Mireille Bétermier, Mick Chandler, Richard Cordaux, Gaël Cristofari, Jean-Marc Deragon, Pascale Lesage, Didier Mazel, Olivier Panaud, Hadi Quesneville, Chantal Vaury, Cristina Vieira and Clémentine Vitte. PMID:23110759

Ainouche, Abdelkader; Bétermier, Mireille; Chandler, Mick; Cordaux, Richard; Cristofari, Gaël; Deragon, Jean-Marc; Lesage, Pascale; Panaud, Olivier; Quesneville, Hadi; Vaury, Chantal; Vieira, Cristina; Vitte, Clémentine

2012-10-30

302

International Congress on Transposable Elements (ICTE) 2012 in Saint Malo and the sea of TE stories  

PubMed Central

An international conference on Transposable Elements (TEs) was held 21–24 April 2012 in Saint Malo, France. Organized by the French Transposition Community (GDR Elements Génétiques Mobiles et Génomes, CNRS) and the French Society of Genetics (SFG), the conference’s goal was to bring together researchers from around the world who study transposition in diverse organisms using multiple experimental approaches. The meeting drew more than 217 attendees and most contributed through poster presentations (117), invited talks and short talks selected from poster abstracts (48 in total). The talks were organized into four scientific sessions, focused on: impact of TEs on genomes, control of transposition, evolution of TEs and mechanisms of transposition. Here, we present highlights from the talks given during the platform sessions. The conference was sponsored by Alliance pour les sciences de la vie et de la santé (Aviesan), Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale (INSERM), Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD), Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA), Université de Perpignan, Université de Rennes 1, Région Bretagne and Mobile DNA. Chair of the organization committee Jean-Marc Deragon Organizers Abdelkader Ainouche, Mireille Bétermier, Mick Chandler, Richard Cordaux, Gaël Cristofari, Jean-Marc Deragon, Pascale Lesage, Didier Mazel, Olivier Panaud, Hadi Quesneville, Chantal Vaury, Cristina Vieira and Clémentine Vitte

2012-01-01

303

Indexation Rules for Metallurgy in PASCAL. Original Title: Regles d'Indexation de la Metallurgie'--Technical Note Issued by Informascience--January 1980. Translated by Marie Wallin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The indexing rules presented are designed for use with a new French-German database on metallurgy being developed under an agreement by CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris) and BAM (Bundesanstalt fur Materialprufung, Berlin). The new database, which will feature multilingual titles and index terms (French-German-English-)…

Royal Inst. of Tech., Stockholm (Sweden). Library.

304

Indexation Rules for Metallurgy in PASCAL. Original Title: Regles d'Indexation de la Metallurgie'--Technical Note Issued by Informascience--January 1980. Translated by Marie Wallin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The indexing rules presented are designed for use with a new French-German database on metallurgy being developed under an agreement by CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris) and BAM (Bundesanstalt fur Materialprufung, Berlin). The new database, which will feature multilingual titles and index terms (French-German-English-) and…

Royal Inst. of Tech., Stockholm (Sweden). Library.

305

[A neglected source text on the history of adrenogenital syndrome. Jean-Baptiste Bouillaud's classification of Valmont's hermaphroditism].  

PubMed

In the early history of the discovery of the adrenogenital syndrome one occasionally comes across case histories that can only be connected with this endocrinological disease because of clinical criteria. In these cases, it it impossible to prove the diagnosis because the adrenal glands and their pathological changes, which constitute the basis of this disease, are not mentioned. One of these uncertain cases claimed to testify to an early knowledge of the adrenogenital syndrome is a hermaphrodite described by the French clinican Bouillaud in 1833. The subject presented as a male whose genitalia were unremarkable, apart from slight hypospadia and an empty scrotum. On dissection, the pelvis was found to contain a uterus, tubes, ovaries and--a prostate. In spite of the absence of male gonads, i.e. tissue producing androgens, the phenotype was male. In the usual classification of hermaphroditism, this is female pseudohermaphroditism, and we must ask ourselves wether this was an instance of the adrenogenital syndrome, i.e. virilisation of a female caused by androgens. Because the adrenal glands are not mentioned, direct proof is impossible. A close reading of the report and the plates showed, that a definitive diagnosis could be arrived at even without an examination of the adrenal glands: Abnormal androsteroids (which are causative for this pathology) produced by the adrenal glands during the develoment of the female embryo cause the development of a 'prostate', which has its origin in the paraurethral glands, the homologue of the male portion of the bisexually preformed prostate. The characteristic position of this organ normally absent in the female in relation to other parts of the female genitourinary tract, which is only present in the adrenogenital syndrome and is documented in one of Bouillaud's plates, dispells any doubts about the diagnosis and allows us to add another case to the small number of certain instances during the early history of the discovery of this rare pathology. PMID:19244877

Stoffregen, Malte; Baar, Johannes

2008-01-01

306

The Framing of Calvin Klein: A Frame Analysis of Media Discourse about the August 1995 Calvin Klein Jeans Advertising Campaign.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Deconstructs the "kiddie porn" media frame used by the industry and mainstream media to characterize Klein's ad campaign. Extends scholarship on the construction of youth in the media, showing how the kiddie-porn frame produces and reproduces common-sense beliefs about the nature of youth. Suggests a metadiscourse encompassing the politicized…

Tucker, Lauren R.

1998-01-01

307

The Framing of Calvin Klein: A Frame Analysis of Media Discourse about the August 1995 Calvin Klein Jeans Advertising Campaign.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Deconstructs the "kiddie porn" media frame used by the industry and mainstream media to characterize Klein's ad campaign. Extends scholarship on the construction of youth in the media, showing how the kiddie-porn frame produces and reproduces common-sense beliefs about the nature of youth. Suggests a metadiscourse encompassing the politicized…

Tucker, Lauren R.

1998-01-01

308

Colleen Jean Kirk (1918-2004): Her Life, Career and Her Influence on American Choral Music Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In her fifty years of teaching, Colleen J. Kirk shared her knowledge of and her love for music with students and colleagues in church, public schools, and major universities. The present study documents Kirk’s career, 1940 through 1990: identifying (1) the musical and professional background of Kirk; (2) her professional activities and contributions; (3) her philosophy and methodology for teaching

Deborah Lynn Chandler

2004-01-01

309

[Jean Guillaume Auguste Lugol (1788-1851): his life and his works: a brief encounter, 150 years after his death].  

PubMed

J.G.A. Lugol was born on August 18th, 1788 at Montauban. Medical student in Paris, he was admitted as an intern of the hospital 1807. Medical doctor in 1812, he was appointed acting physician at Saint-Louis hospital of Paris in 1819 and named head of a department in the same establishment, a post he held till he retired in 1851. After his death on September 16th, 1851 at Neuilly-sur-Seine, his elder child, his daughter Adèle-Augustine, married Paul Broca in 1857. French pioneer of iodine therapy, Lugol is famous for his iodine-iodurretted solution, still registered in the French Codex and present in most foreign Pharmacopoeia, and also for his four books on scrofulous diseases and their treatment (1829, 1830, 1831, 1834) These publications gather a wealth of the detailed observations of an excellent practitioner who constantly proved a great independence of spirit towards some medical concepts "à la mode", especially those sustained by Broussais. He was very close to his patients and to his medical students, who admired the quality of his lessons, the efficiency of his therapeutic innovations, his intellectual uprightness as well as his success in private practice. PMID:12613445

Neuzil, Eugène

310

Marguerite Bottard (1822–1906), Nurse under Jean-Martin Charcot, Portrayed by G. Gilles de la Tourette  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hospitals in Paris underwent considerable change at the end of the 19th century. As they moved from providing accommodation to care, their mission shifted from helping to healing. The glorification of scientific progress, as opposed to religious obscurantism, affected all of French ‘Republican’ society, in particular a significant part of the medical profession, led by figures such as D.M. Bourneville,

Olivier Walusinski

2011-01-01

311

Leonardo da Vinci, Andreas Vesalius, Carlo Ruini, Jean Héroard und die Anatomie des Pferdes im 16. Jahrhundert  

Microsoft Academic Search

1.Die Anatomia del cavallo (1598) ist nicht in Anlehnung an Leonardo da Vinci, sondern2.an Vesals Fabrica entstanden,3.ebenso Héroards Hippostologie (1599). Diese stellt den dem Autor verbliebenen Rest seiner die ganze Anatomie des Pferdes samt anschließender Krankheitslehre umfassenden Arbeit dar,4.deren übrige Teile vermutlich von Carlo Ruini und dessen Neffen Orazio Francini umgestaltet und im Jahre 1598 zu Bologna in Druck gegeben

Richard Schmutzer

1943-01-01

312

Contributions to the history of psychology: LXXXV. Jean Piaget, student of Pierre Janet (Paris 1919-1921).  

PubMed

This article provides information about an important period of Piaget's formative years, those he spent in Paris from 1919 to 1921, during which he came into contact with eminent members of the French scientific and philosophical community of the time. Among these was the psychiatrist and psychologist Pierre Janet, whose genetic approach to the psychology of behaviour and ideas about the hierarchical organization of psychological functions converged with Piaget's early scientific interests and provided Piaget a conceptual framework within which to work and develop his own project of studying the genesis of knowledge. PMID:1501961

Amann-Gainotti, M

1992-06-01

313

Getting It Wrong from the Beginning: Our Progressivist Inheritance from Herbert Spencer, John Dewey, and Jean Piaget.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book sets out to prove that the progressivist tenets that have become the foundation of American education are mistaken. The author does not argue against progressivism on the basis of the usual alternatives of liberal or traditional theories of education because it is not adequately attuned to preparing students for jobs. The author sets…

Egan, Kieran

314

Will the Real Jean Piaget Please Stand Up; A Critique of Three Piaget-Based Curricula, and a Rejoinder.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The relationship between Piagetian theory and its application in three early childhood programs is discussed in two papers with differing points of view. The first paper discusses Piaget's epistemology and presents a critical analysis of the three programs, concluding that only one of them is consistent with Piaget's epistemology. A rejoinder,…

Kaufman, Barry A.; Banet, Bernard

315

Will the Real Jean Piaget Please Stand Up: An Epistemological Critique of Three Piaget-Based Early Childhood Curricula.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This critique of three Piaget-based curricula presents the argument that it is essential for early childhood educators to distinguish between the actual contributions of Piaget in regard to specific epistemological questions and the way these contributions have been reinterpreted to provide a basis for early childhood curriculum reform. The…

Kaufman, Barry A.

316

Aux origines de l'entrepreneuriat social. Les affaires selon Jean-Baptiste André Godin (1817-1888)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the beginning of the 1990?s, the social entrepreneur has become a fundamental actor within capitalism. But, what is a social entrepreneur, one must ask? The question is debated and defies consensus. Is an entrepreneur social because he founds a nonprofit enterprise? If so, then how can he live in the free market economy? Alternately, is the entrepreneur social because

Sophie Boutillier

2009-01-01

317

Radical Hope or the Moral Imperative of Images in the Work of Susan Sontag and Jean-Luc Godard  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the films For Ever Mozart, In Praise of Love and I Salute You Sarajevo, Go- dard's images introduce radical hope to the world. I will demonstrate that this hope represents an ethical posture in the world; it is identical to goodness. Radical hope is grounded in the victim's witnessing, internalizing and remembering catas- trophe, while at the same time

Idit Alphandary

2009-01-01

318

'A Fearful Voyage I Had:' Dreams of Reality in Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre and Jean Rhys's Wide Sargasso Sea  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper attempts to show how the cited reference to Rochester's and his first wife's troubled journey to England in Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre (1847) is developed into a symbolic drama of an increasing distance between imagination and reality in Wide Sargasso Sea (1966). Particular levels of meaning will be discussed with respect to the theory of metaphors and symbols

Kamila Vránková

319

Stellar Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Preface; 1. A selective overview Jørgen Christensen-Dalsgaard and Michael J. Thompson; Part I. Stellar Convection and Oscillations: 2. On the diversity of stellar pulsations Wojciech A. Dziembowski; 3. Acoustic radiation and mode excitation by turbulent convection Günter Houdek; 4. Understanding roAp stars Margarida S. Cunha; 5. Waves in the magnetised solar atmosphere Colin S. Rosenthal; Part II. Stellar Rotation and Magnetic Fields: 6. Stellar rotation: a historical survey Leon Mestel; 7. The oscillations of rapidly rotating stars Michel Rieutord; 8. Solar tachocline dynamics: eddy viscosity, anti-friction, or something in between? Michael E. McIntyre; 9. Dynamics of the solar tachocline Pascale Garaud; 10. Dynamo processes: the interaction of turbulence and magnetic fields Michael Proctor; 11. Dynamos in planets Chris Jones; Part III. Physics and Structure of Stellar Interiors: 12. Solar constraints on the equation of state Werner Däppen; 13. 3He transport and the solar neutrino problem Chris Jordinson; 14. Mixing in stellar radiation zones Jean-Paul Zahn; 15. Element settling and rotation-induced mixing in slowly rotating stars Sylvie Vauclair; Part IV. Helio- and Asteroseismology: 16. Solar structure and the neutrino problem Hiromoto Shibahashi; 17. Helioseismic data analysis Jesper Schou; 18. Seismology of solar rotation Takashi Sekii; 19. Telechronohelioseismology Alexander Kosovichev; Part V. Large-Scale Numerical Experiments: 20. Bridges between helioseismology and models of convection zone dynamics Juri Toomre; 21. Numerical simulations of the solar convection zone Julian R. Elliott; 22. Modelling solar and stellar magnetoconvection Nigel Weiss; 23. Nonlinear magnetoconvection in the presence of a strong oblique field Keith Julien, Edgar Knobloch and Steven M. Tobias; 24. Simulations of astrophysical fluids Marcus Brüggen; Part VI. Dynamics: 25. A magic electromagnetic field Donald Lynden-Bell; 26. Continuum equations for stellar dynamics Edward A. Spiegel and Jean-Luc Thiffeault; 27. Formation of planetary systems Douglas N. C. Lin; 28. The solar-cycle global warming as inferred from sky brightness variation Wasaburo Unno and Hiromoto Shibahashi.

Thompson, Michael J.; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jørgen

2003-05-01

320

Stellar Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Preface; 1. A selective overview Jørgen Christensen-Dalsgaard and Michael J. Thompson; Part I. Stellar Convection and Oscillations: 2. On the diversity of stellar pulsations Wojciech A. Dziembowski; 3. Acoustic radiation and mode excitation by turbulent convection Günter Houdek; 4. Understanding roAp stars Margarida S. Cunha; 5. Waves in the magnetised solar atmosphere Colin S. Rosenthal; Part II. Stellar Rotation and Magnetic Fields: 6. Stellar rotation: a historical survey Leon Mestel; 7. The oscillations of rapidly rotating stars Michel Rieutord; 8. Solar tachocline dynamics: eddy viscosity, anti-friction, or something in between? Michael E. McIntyre; 9. Dynamics of the solar tachocline Pascale Garaud; 10. Dynamo processes: the interaction of turbulence and magnetic fields Michael Proctor; 11. Dynamos in planets Chris Jones; Part III. Physics and Structure of Stellar Interiors: 12. Solar constraints on the equation of state Werner Däppen; 13. 3He transport and the solar neutrino problem Chris Jordinson; 14. Mixing in stellar radiation zones Jean-Paul Zahn; 15. Element settling and rotation-induced mixing in slowly rotating stars Sylvie Vauclair; Part IV. Helio- and Asteroseismology: 16. Solar structure and the neutrino problem Hiromoto Shibahashi; 17. Helioseismic data analysis Jesper Schou; 18. Seismology of solar rotation Takashi Sekii; 19. Telechronohelioseismology Alexander Kosovichev; Part V. Large-Scale Numerical Experiments: 20. Bridges between helioseismology and models of convection zone dynamics Juri Toomre; 21. Numerical simulations of the solar convection zone Julian R. Elliott; 22. Modelling solar and stellar magnetoconvection Nigel Weiss; 23. Nonlinear magnetoconvection in the presence of a strong oblique field Keith Julien, Edgar Knobloch and Steven M. Tobias; 24. Simulations of astrophysical fluids Marcus Brüggen; Part VI. Dynamics: 25. A magic electromagnetic field Donald Lynden-Bell; 26. Continuum equations for stellar dynamics Edward A. Spiegel and Jean-Luc Thiffeault; 27. Formation of planetary systems Douglas N. C. Lin; 28. The solar-cycle global warming as inferred from sky brightness variation Wasaburo Unno and Hiromoto Shibahashi.

Thompson, Michael J.; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jørgen

2008-02-01

321

An Assessment of Software Quality Assurance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This final report describes three tasks which can strengthen the Ballistic Missile Defense Systems Command overall research objectives in software systems development. The three tasks are: Preprocessor for Verifiable PASCAL (V-PASCAL). Evaluation of Softw...

P. Hsia F. E. Petry

1979-01-01

322

Automatic Program Verification V: Verification-Oriented Proof Rules for Arrays, Records, and Pointers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A practical method is presented for automating in a uniform way the verification of Pascal programs that operate on the standard Pascal data structures ARRAY. RECORD, and POINTER. New assertion language primitives are introduced for describing computation...

D. Luckham N. Suzuki

1976-01-01

323

A Generalization of a Theorem by Boswell and Patil.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The class of convoluted Pascal distributions obeying certain moment conditions are characterized by a system of differential equations satisfied by their probability mass functions. The result contains a characterization of Pascal distributions obtained b...

G. G. Hannon F. J. Samaniego

1977-01-01

324

Tachistoscopic presentation and millisecond timing on the IBM PC\\/XT\\/AT and PS\\/2: A Turbo Pascal unit to provide general-purpose routines for CGA, Hercules, EGA, and VGA monitors  

Microsoft Academic Search

A review of the literature on adopting microcomputers for use in tachistoscopic research paradigms illustrates the need for\\u000a a comprehensive package to effectively deal with the wide variety of video displays and microcomputers used in experimental\\u000a settings. In addition, because of the large number of possible configurations created when video displays and computer systems\\u000a are combined, there is a need

Robert E. Haussmann

1992-01-01

325

LASL-P Code: An Intermediate Level Vector Language.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

LASL P-code is derived from Pascal P-code, the machine language of the Pascal P-machine. It is used as an intermediate language by the Model and Pascal compilers running on the LASL CRAY-1 computer. Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (LASL) P-code is also d...

L. Zucconi

1979-01-01

326

Kids Don't Like Wearing the Same Jeans as their Mums and Dads: so whose ‘life’ should be in significant life experiences research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article I respond to the special issue of Environmental Education Research (EER) by problematising significant life experiences research from the perspective of research and commentaries on intergenerational differences, environment?related research with youth, and the silences in significant life experiences (SLE) research on gender, race and class. I argue that the youth of today are very different from older

Annette Gough

1999-01-01

327

[Humanitarian action...and then? An interview of Jean-Christophe Rufin, ex vice president of Médecins sans Frontières, president of Action contre la faim, Goncourt prize 2001].  

PubMed

First dedicated to emergency situations, then more involved in long term duration development, humanitarian action is concerned by a crisis which appears absolutely necessary after 30 years of growing up. Many factors may contribute to that situation: structural professionalisation, official financial pressures, political influences, more ideology for less ideal behaviour, competition with rising of new ideas like alter mondialisation etc. It seems interesting in such a situation to get some advice about humanitarian future from a personality who has recognised responsibilities in both action and thoughts consideration. PMID:15276266

Rufin, Jean-Christophe

2004-06-01

328

Special Section On A Biological Window on Psychological Development. Edited by Clancy Blair & Jean-Louise Gariepy Inhibitory Deficits in Tourette's Syndrome  

PubMed Central

A developmental approach to the study of psychopathology can broaden understanding of a wide variety of complex psychological disorders. This article reviews research on Tourette’s syndrome (TS), a developmental disorder characterized by unwanted motor and vocal tics. Over the past decade, knowledge of the neurobiology and pathophysiology of TS has progressed rapidly. The application of brain imaging techniques, primarily magnetic resonance imaging, to the study of Tourette’s has increased knowledge of structural and functional deficits in brain areas associated with behavioral and psychological disturbances in the disorder. By reviewing some of this work, we will describe one way in which knowledge of brain function in TS has both informed and been informed by a developmental science approach. In particular, we will consider the extent to which the cognitive and emotional development of persons with TS may be affected by specific neurobiological characteristics of the disorder.

Stern, Emily R.; Blair, Clancy; Peterson, Bradley S.

2008-01-01

329

Thermal evolution of magma reservoirs in the shallow crust and incidence on magma differentiation: the St-Jean-du-Doigt layered intrusion (Brittany, France)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding the emplacement and growth of intrusive bodies in terms of mechanism, duration, thermal evolution and rates are fundamental aspects of crustal evolution. Recent studies show that many plutons grow in several Ma by in situ accretion of discrete magma pulses, which constitute small-scale magmatic reservoirs. The residence time of magmas, and hence their capacities to interact and differentiate, are

M. Barboni; F. Bussy; M. Ovtcharova; B. Schoene

2009-01-01

330

Comment on “Monitoring the Unfrozen Water Content of Soil and Snow Using Time Domain Reflectometry” by Jean Stein and Douglas L. Kane  

Microsoft Academic Search

Time domain reflectometry (TDR) is still a relatively new technique for determining the water content of soils and perhaps other porous media. Therefore particular care and rigor should be applied to both the experimental methods used and in the written presentation of results. Whilst Stein and Kane [1983] should be commended for their attempt to expand the use of the

D. E. Patterson; M. W. Smith

1985-01-01

331

The Amartya Sen and Jean Dreze Omnibus: (comprising) Poverty and Famines; Hunger and Public Action; and India: Economic Development and Social Opportunity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Sen and Dreze omnibus comprises three outstanding works by two of the world's finest economists. The volume is a trilogy on the causes of hunger, the role public action can play in its alleviation and the Indian experience in this context. Together the three works provide a comprehensive theoretical and empirical analysis of relevant developmental issues.

Amartya Sen; Jean Dreze

332

Keynote talk by Dr. Jean-Luc Gaudiot: Fighting Amdahl's law in many-core and GPU parallel architectures with value prediction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The newly emerging many-core-on-a-chip designs have renewed an intense interest in parallel processing. By applying Amdahl's formulation to the programs in the PARSEC and SPLASH-2 benchmark suites, we find that most applications may not have sufficient parallelism to efficiently utilize modern parallel machines. The long sequential portions in these application programs are caused by computation as well as communication latency.

Jean-Luc Gaudiot

2011-01-01

333

High-resolution facies analysis and sequence stratigraphy of fluvio-deltaic depositional systems in tectonically-active basins (Jean Baptiste Lamarck Medal)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In ancient tectonically-active basins fed by relatively small and high-gradient rivers, both marine and lacustrine fluvio-deltaic systems display similar vertical stacking patterns which are primarily controlled by high-frequency variations of sediment flux to the basin. These variations are superimposed over higher-order cycles of tectonic uplift and relative quiescence recorded by changes in the source areas, basin configuration and overall style of sedimentation.Spectacular examples of these cyclically stacked successions crop out in the upper Cretaceous and Paleogene deposits of the south-central Pyrenean foreland basin. Similar stacking patterns are also common in other basins (e.g., the Jurassic-Cretaceous Nequen basin, Argentina and the Tertiary Piedmont Basin, northwestern Italy). Sediment flux to the sea controls the high-frequency stacking pattern of ancient fluvio-deltaic depositional systems through cyclic variations in flow efficiency which is mainly a function of the magnitude and sediment concentration of river outflows during floods. These variations result in periods of inertia- and friction-dominated jet flows followed by periods during which fluvial activity dramatically decreases. These cyclic variations, which are ultimately controlled by climate and baselevelchanges (Milankowitch cycles), are recorded by m- to dam-thick facies successions that can be interpreted as the basic "building block" (in sequence-stratigraphic parlance) of larger-scale depositional sequences. Inertia-dominated periods are characterized by large-volume highly erosive hyperpycnal flows typically containing abundant skeletal debris and mudstone clasts. These flows bypass river mouths and carry sand tonearshore and shelfal regions forming m-thick packets of tabular graded sandstone beds with HCS alternating with muddier facies. These sandstones, which extend up to several km in shelfal regions and grade distally into prodeltaic sediments, are a typical and volumetrically dominant deltaic element herein referred to as "flood-generated delta-front sandstone lobes". Their facies tracts closely resemble those observed in deep-water turbidites. Unfortunately, because of the presence of HCS, these shallow-marine sediment gravity flow deposits have been and are still commonly mistaken in most literature for "storm-dominated" shoreface deposits. Friction-dominated periods are expressed by mouth-bar progradation produced by river outflows of limited volume and efficiency that dissipate their energy at river mouths and are thus able to carry seaward only their fine-grained sediment load through buoyant plumes and dilute hyperpycnal flows. When rivers dramatically decrease their activity, fluvio-deltaic systems aggrade through marine mudstone facies that pass landward into flood-plain mudstones with paleosols. Marine diffusion processes are restricted to local tidal reworking that occurs in river mouth regions and, more extensively, in large estuaries where fluvial processes mix with strong tidal action during early periods of base-level rise. Following decreased river activity, carbonate deposition may locally occur forming generally thin units at the top of fluvio-deltaic sandstones. Several problems arise as to the sequence stratigraphic interpretation of these fluvio-deltaic systems and their cyclic stacking patterns. In particular, these problems concern the significance of the "shoreface" and "parasequence" concepts that can be misleading if not viewed within a robust framework of stratigraphic and faciesconstraints.

Mutti, E.

2012-04-01

334

First Committee Post Resubmission Meeting Summary ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Bhanu Kannan –on the phone. Jean Wang. Craig Znderman. ... Jean Wang will work closely with Ross Pierce to analyze the datasets. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/bloodbloodproducts/approvedproducts

335

Modula-2 and Oberon  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is an account of the development of the languages Modula-2 and Oberon. Together with their ancestors ALGOL 60 and Pascal they form a family called Algol- like languages. Pascal (1970) reflected the ideas of Structured Programming, Modula-2 (1979) added those of modular system design, and Oberon (1988) catered to the object-oriented style. Thus they mirror the essential programming paradigms

Niklaus Wirth

2007-01-01

336

Language Design Methods Based on Semantic Principles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two language design methods based on principles derived from the denotational approach to programming language semantics are described and illustrated by an application to the language Pascal. The principles are, firstly, the correspondence between parametric and declarative mechanisms, and secondly, a principle of abstraction for programming languages adapted from set theory. Several useful extensions and generalizations of Pascal emerge by

Robert D. Tennent

1977-01-01

337

System Analysis for the Huntsville Operational Support Center Distributed Computer System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A simulation model was developed and programmed in three languages BASIC, PASCAL, and SLAM. Two of the programs are included in this report, the BASIC and the PASCAL language programs. SLAM is not supported by NASA/MSFC facilities and hence was not includ...

E. M. Ingels

1983-01-01

338

Student-oriented features of an interactive programming environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes features of a program development environment of particular use for student programmers. The environment contains tools for both textual and graphical program development. The textual tools include those now commonly found in interactive programming environments: interactive interpreter, language-based editor, debugger. The tools are provided for four languages in the “Pascal family:” Pascal, C, Modula-2 and Fortran. An

Gene Fisher

1987-01-01

339

Linear flowchart generator for a structured language  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article refers to a paper by Nassi and Shneiderman published in this review [1]. They introduced a type of flowchart specially designed for structured programming. We have defined a similar flowchart language for the PASCAL programming language [2, 3] and designed a program which, given a program written in PASCAL, generates the corresponding flowchart. The article presents a description

Patrick Roy; Richard St-Denis

1976-01-01

340

Identity and the divinities  

Microsoft Academic Search

On 23 November, 1654 the French mathematician, scientist and philosopher, Pascal had an intense religious experience, sometimes called his second conversion. The experience so impressed Pascal, that he wrote a Memorial of the experience and had it sewed into his clothes to constantly remind him. The Memorial in part read, \\

Bowman L. Clarke

1992-01-01

341

A catalogue of types of Diapriinae (Hymenoptera, Diapriidae) at the National Museum of Natural History, Paris, with notes on the classification of Diapriinae and a brief history of the types of Jean-Jacques Kieffer (1856-1925)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The types of 114 nominal species of Diapriinae in the collection of the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, are catalogued. Lectotypes are designated for 13 species (Abothropria nigra Kieffer, 1913, Bothriopria saus- surei Kieffer, 1905, Diapria necans Kieffer, 1911, D. omoi Risbec, 1950, Eriopria nigra Kieffer, 1910, E. rufithorax Kieffer, 1910, Ledouxopria africana Risbec, 1953, Scapopria atriceps Kieffer, 1913, Spilomicrus

David G. NOTTON

342

PROPIEDADES TRIBOLÓGICAS Y MECÁNICAS DE RECUBRIMIENTOS DE CrAlN DEPOSITADOS MEDIANTE EVAPORACIÓN POR ARCO CATÓDICO Tribological and mechanical properties of CrAlN coatings deposited by jeans of cathodic arc evaporation  

Microsoft Academic Search

CrAlN coatings are a good candidate as an alternative to conventional CrN coatings. In this work, CrAlN coatings were deposited on steel substrates by means of cathodic arc evaporation, at negative substrate bias between -50 and -400 V. Friction coefficients showed values around 0.60 and coatings wear rates were very low in the scale of 10 -16 m 3 \\/Nm,

MARYORY GÓMEZ BOTERO; ARTURO LOUSA; JOAN ESTEVE

2007-01-01

343

"The Clouds Are Alive because They Fly in the Air as if They Were Birds": A Re-Analysis of What Children Say and Mean in Clinical Interviews in the Work of Jean Piaget  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article is about the contributions children make in clinical interviews. This issue is studied by re-analysing a selection of the empirical excerpts used by Piaget in his seminal book The Child's Conception of the World. The focus is on how children use language non-literally, and especially on how they use meta-communicative markers ("as…

Pramling, Niklas

2006-01-01

344

Donald A. Landes - Le Toucher and the Corpus of Tact: Exploring Touch and Technicity with Jacques Derrida and Jean-Luc Nancy - L'Esprit Créateur 47:3  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although Derrida emphasizes touch in the thought of Nancy, he does not engage Nancy's thinking of touch regarding the plurality of the arts. By returning to Nancy's work on sensibility and materiality, touch and bodies, this article links Derrida's Le Toucher to the political and ethical challenges of Nancy's deconstructive project.

Donald A. Landes

2007-01-01

345

"The Clouds Are Alive because They Fly in the Air as if They Were Birds": A Re-Analysis of What Children Say and Mean in Clinical Interviews in the Work of Jean Piaget  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is about the contributions children make in clinical interviews. This issue is studied by re-analysing a selection of the empirical excerpts used by Piaget in his seminal book The Child's Conception of the World. The focus is on how children use language non-literally, and especially on how they use meta-communicative markers ("as…

Pramling, Niklas

2006-01-01

346

Stendhal: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Victor Brombert, Martin Turnell, Erich Auerbach, Jean Prevost, Raymond Giraud, Irving Howe, Judd D. Hubert, Leon Blum, Jean Starobinski, Jean-Pierre Richard, and Simone de Beauvoir--all dealing with the biography and…

Brombert, Victor, Ed.

347

75 FR 22737 - Final Damage Assessment and Restoration Plan for the Bayou Verdine and Calcasieu River  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...sending a written request to Jean Cowan of NOAA by e-mail: Jean.Cowan@noaa.gov or by mail to: Jean Cowan, LSU Sea Grant Building, Room 124C, Baton Rouge, LA 70803. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Bayou Verdine is a shallow, sinuous...

2010-04-30

348

Where Preparedness Meets Opportunity: A Look at Breaking into the Performing Arts Profession  

Microsoft Academic Search

I always knew I wanted to be a performer. My pre-school teacher actually pulled my mom aside one day explaining that I had been singing Jean Val Jean’s songs from Les Misérables in the block center. I used to put on shows in my basement, creating costumes, scripts and songs. I would ask my mom to hold a flashlight on

Bridget Riley

2010-01-01

349

77 FR 69613 - International Energy Agency Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and in the UIC Building, 16 rue Jean Rey, 75015 Paris, France. The purpose of...ration, Paris, France and 16, rue Jean Rey, Paris. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT...Internationale des Chemins de Fer, 16 rue Jean Rey, 75015 Paris November 27-28,...

2012-11-20

350

Tropical volcanic islands: best first cycle erosion laboratories.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lesser Antilles islands are located in a tropical climate with high temperatures (24 to 28 ° C), high precipitation (can reach 12 m/yr), very dense vegetation, sharp relief with a NS gradient of age. Antilles rivers have a torrential hydrologic regime with extreme erosion conditions. Chemical weathering rates are among highest world values 140-200 t/km2/yr on surface and 2 to 5 time higher when subsurface water circulations are taken account (Rad et al., 2007). Timescales and physical rates of erosion are calculated from U-Th isotopic compositions. Our results, with 3 different methods (all based on mass budgets between the river bedrock and its erosion products) show a good agreement for physical erosion rates with a maximum value of 2500 t/km2/yr. We show that solid loads of these volcanic rivers are dominated by sand, which represent more than 80% of the soil profile. Erosion rates are directly correlated to the age of basins. Indeed, among all parameters (climat, runoff, slopes, vegetation...) the age basins is a key control parameter. The younger the basin is the higher the weathering rate is. This correlation asserts that younger volcanic rocks are more easily weathered than old ones: young fresh material is easily mobilized by erosion, while for older rocks with thick soil covers, chemical and physical erosion rates are much lower, they reach a threshold with low chemical and physical rates once soils are constituted. It seems that rivers draining young lava flows are also the ones, which are not at steady state with the lowest mechanical denudation rates. Erosion processes in Lesser Antilles are typical of a first cycle erosion with simple relationship between rates, timescale of erosion and basins ages. It appears that first stage of erosion are characterized by high chemical denudation rates and low physical denudation rates, the erosion products are then close to the bedrock. It is then followed in a second stage by constant chemical weathering rates with higher mechanical denudation rates. \\small Setareh Denise Rad, Claude Jean Allegre and Pascale Louvat, 2007, Hidden erosion on volcanic islands, Earth and Planetary Science Letters. In Press.

Rad, S.; Rive, K.; Gaillardet, J.; Allegre, C. J.

2007-12-01

351

A Short History of the Computer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Beginning with Blaise Pascal's adding machine (1642), a brief look is taken at mechanical computers, electronic developments, transistors, and first, second, and third generation computers. A glossary is appended. (KC)|

Reid-Green, Keith

1981-01-01

352

Experimental Use of Artificial Intelligence for (Future) ATC Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An expert system shell and an expert system were implemented on an IBM compatible mainframe computer; The expert system shell was produced in Pascal. The expert system represents a planning position of an air traffic controller suite, where aircraft confl...

F. Krella

1986-01-01

353

LETTERS AND COMMENTS: An apparent paradox in hydrostatics  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is shown that for a liquid in any connected vessel system, it is not possible to fulfil simultaneously Pascal's principle, mass conservation and energy conservation. The viscosity has to necessarily be taken into account to understand the system change.

E. N. Miranda

2009-01-01

354

Language design methods based on semantic principles: Algol 68, a Language Designed using Semantic Principles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This note observes that Tennent's proposed language design method is that used by Algol 68's designers and points out how his proposed extensions to Pascal bring it closer to Algol 68. Some implications of his proposal are discussed.

D. M. Berry

1980-01-01

355

An apparent paradox in hydrostatics  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is shown that for a liquid in any connected vessel system, it is not possible to fulfil simultaneously Pascal's principle, mass conservation and energy conservation. The viscosity has to necessarily be taken into account to understand the system change.

E N Miranda

2009-01-01

356

6. Interior of Paddock Club on lower level, including column ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. Interior of Paddock Club on lower level, including column with sculptural relief detail by artist Susan Pascal. Camera pointed S. (July 1993) - Longacres, Paddock Club, 1621 Southwest Sixteenth Street, Renton, King County, WA

357

LETTERS AND COMMENTS: An apparent paradox in hydrostatics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is shown that for a liquid in any connected vessel system, it is not possible to fulfil simultaneously Pascal's principle, mass conservation and energy conservation. The viscosity has to necessarily be taken into account to understand the system change.

Miranda, E. N.

2009-07-01

358

40 CFR 262.81 - Definitions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Constitution Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460 (Docket # F-94-IEHF-FFFFF) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Environment Direcorate, 2 rue Andre Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France) which include:...

2010-07-01

359

Shapes of Bubbles and Drops in Motion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explains the shape distortions that take place in fluid packets (bubbles or drops) with steady flow motion by using the laws of Archimedes, Pascal, and Bernoulli rather than advanced vector calculus. (WRM)|

O'Connell, James

2000-01-01

360

Accurate Molecular Dimensions from Stearic Acid Monolayers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses modifications in the fatty acid monolayer experiment to reduce the inaccurate moleculary data students usually obtain. Copies of the experimental procedure used and a Pascal computer program to work up the data are available from the authors. (JN)

Lane, Charles A.; And Others

1984-01-01

361

Quantitative Risk Assessment on the Public Health Impact of ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... MLE, Maximum likelihood estimates. MPa, Mega Pascals. MPN, Most Probable Number. PBS, phosphate buffered saline. ppt, parts per thousand. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/foodscienceresearch/risksafetyassessment

362

3. Historic American Buildings Survey Cervin Robinson, Photographer July 1960 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Historic American Buildings Survey Cervin Robinson, Photographer July 1960 MAIN ENTRANCE ON WEST ELEVATION - Hanson-Cramer House, End of Sea Street (moved from Pascal's Avenue), Rockport, Knox County, ME

363

2. Historic American Buildings Survey Cervin Robinson, Photographer July 1960 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Historic American Buildings Survey Cervin Robinson, Photographer July 1960 WEST ELEVATION OF CENTRAL BLOCK - Hanson-Cramer House, End of Sea Street (moved from Pascal's Avenue), Rockport, Knox County, ME

364

Complex Technology, Complex Calculations: Uses and Abuses of Precautionary Reasoning in Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

After a honeymoon period in environmental law, the so-called “precautionary principle” has received sustained criticism. This\\u000a paper does not try to rescue the precautionary principle as such. However, it is argued, using Pascal’s Wager, that there\\u000a are conditions under which precautionary reasoning is valid, which provides a general principle for the limiting case. Although\\u000a the limiting principle does not apply

Deryck Beyleveld; Roger Brownsword

365

Mining frequent patterns with counting inference  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose the algorithm Pascal which introducesa novel optimization of the well-known algorithmApriori. This optimization is based on a new strategy calledpattern counting inference that relies on the concept of keypatterns. We show that the support of frequent non-keypatterns can be inferred from frequent key patterns withoutaccessing the database. Experiments comparing Pascal to the three algorithms Apriori,

Yves Bastide; Rafik Taouil; Nicolas Pasquier; Gerd Stumme; Lotfi Lakhal

2000-01-01

366

[The Pluvinet, chemists and grocers, during the french Revolution and the Empire].  

PubMed

Between 1750 and 1813, the ancient archives described two Pluvinet: Jean-Claude and Jean-Charles (or Jean-Baptiste-Charles). They were chemists and grocers; they had various activities, with Lavoisier, with Cadet de Gassicourt, at the Council of the City of Paris, etc. But frequent confusions exist between the two first names, and it seems possible that they concern only one man, who changed his first name according to the events. PMID:14606486

Flahaut, Jean

2003-01-01

367

Capturing Heaven  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science communication, like other areas of study, features prominent figures who lead the field. One such individual is Jean-Pierre Luminet, a researcher, communicator, artist and author. As recipient of the 2007 European Science Communication Prize for Communicator of the Year, Jean-Pierre is at the forefront of his field. The CAPjournal editorial team interviewed Jean-Pierre to discover more about the man, his mission and his methods.

Martin, G.

2009-02-01

368

“I want the same kind of respect”: A black working woman talks about issues of equality in her life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conclusion  Five months after our first interview Jean stopped working. Now she spends most days watching television: “Since I have nothing\\u000a to do around the house, I’ll do that!” She hears white middle-class women debating pseudo-feminist issues. Jean is aware that\\u000a her life does not quite match the lives of these women. While white women want into the labor market, Jean,

Elaine Bell Kaplan

1984-01-01

369

77 FR 8282 - Notice of Determinations Regarding Eligibility To Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Services, Inc., Global Quality Assurance Department. 81,149.................. CQMS Razer, Jean Simpson Mansfield, LA.......... February 13, 2010. Personnel Services, Inc.. 81,171.....................

2012-02-14

370

A Piagetian Constructivist Perspective on Curriculum Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focuses specifically on Jean Piaget's theory of development. Examines Piaget's ideas about constructivism and explores the application of this theoretical perspective to the conceptualization of curriculum development. (MG)|

London, Clement B. G.

1990-01-01

371

Minutes of Telephone Conference, October 12, 2010 ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... GSK: Nancy Cauwenberghs, Director, Technical Regulatory Unit Jean-Francois Dierick, Manager, QC Biochemistry Jody Gould, Director, Vaccines ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/vaccines/approvedproducts

372

Teleconference to Discuss Complete Response Item, October ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... GSK: Nancy Cauwenberghs, Director, Technical Regulatory Unit Jean-Francois Dierick, Manager, QC Biochemistry Jody Gould, Director, Vaccines ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/vaccines/approvedproducts

373

A Piagetian Constructivist Perspective on Curriculum Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses specifically on Jean Piaget's theory of development. Examines Piaget's ideas about constructivism and explores the application of this theoretical perspective to the conceptualization of curriculum development. (MG)

London, Clement B. G.

1990-01-01

374

First Committee Meeting Summary - Berinert, March 25, 2008  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Ross Pierce. Jean Mackie - Absent. ... Ross Pierce stated that the submission seemed complete from a clinical reviewer's perspective. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/bloodbloodproducts/approvedproducts

375

Improving Food Safety by Understanding the Evolution of Egg-contaminating Salmonella Enteritidis  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Improving Food Safety by Understanding the Evolution of Egg-contaminating Salmonella Enteritidis Jean Guard, Veterinary Medical Officer U. S. Department of Agriculture, Athens, GA USA (jean.guard@ars.usda.gov) The curious case of egg contamination by Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis S. ...

376

Assessing transport energy consumption in two product supply chains  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper addresses the transport activities and associated energy consumption involved in the production and supply of two products: jeans and yoghurt. In the case of jeans, the analysis is from the locations in which cotton is grown, to retail outlets in the UK; in the case of yoghurt, the analysis is from the supply of milk on farms, to

Michael Browne; Julian Allen; Christophe Rizet

2006-01-01

377

Wave-wave interaction in magneto-gravitating plasma  

SciTech Connect

The paper discusses wave-wave interaction in a self-gravitating primordial plasma in a uniform magnetic field. The analysis has been carried out essentially for the classical Jeans model. It is found that the resonant interaction of the waves triggers instability at a wavelength which is less than the critical Jeans wavelength of instability as found in the linear theory.

Aggarwal, S.S.; Kalra, G.L.

1984-05-15

378

Anniversaries in 1968 of Interest to Physicists  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the year 1968 there are major anniversaries of the birth or death of eleven men whose accomplishments and influence have been of importance to the development of physics. They are: David Brewster, Jean Bernard Léon Foucault, Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier, James Prescott Joule, John LeConte, Robert Andrews Millikan, Gaspard Monge, Wallace Clement Ware Sabine, Arnold Johannes Wilhelm Sommerfeld, John

E. Scott Barr

1968-01-01

379

Severe adverse reaction risks during mass treatment with ivermectin in loiasis-endemic areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

The control of onchocerciasis remains a priority in sub-Saharan Africa. Jean-Philippe Chippaux, Michel Boussinesq, Jacques Gardon, Nathalie Gardon-Wendel and Jean-Christophe Ernould here outline studies concerning possible severe adverse reactions to ivermectin used to control onchocerciasis in areas where loiasis is also endemic, and discuss precautions that may be advisable during the implementation of such programmes.

Jean-Philippe Chippaux; Michel Boussinesq; Jacques Gardon; Nathalie Gardon-Wendel; Jean-Christophe Ernould

1996-01-01

380

Time for Results: The Governors' 1991 Report on Education. Supporting Works. Task Force on School Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on School Facilities was asked to analyze research data, review literature, and collect testimony on current state policies related to the use of school facilities. Two papers are presented: (1) "Issues in School Facilities Use" (Jean G. McDonald); and (2) "School Facilities: State Role" (Jean G. McDonald). This report includes…

National Governors' Association, Washington, DC.

381

The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented (NRC/GT) Newsletter, 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two newsletters from the National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented (NRC/GT) include the following major articles: (1) "Everything You Need To Know about the NRC/GT: Web Site, Videos, and Texts" (E. Jean Gubbins); (2) "A. Harry Passow: Scholar and Friend" (E. Jean Gubbins and Joseph S. Renzulli); (3) "Learning How New Teachers Relate to…

Gubbins, E. Jean, Ed.; Siegle, Del, Ed.

1996-01-01

382

Topics in Cognitive Development: Language and Operational Thought. Volume 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is the second volume in a series that records the official Symposium Proceedings of the Jean Piaget Society and examines the theoretical, empirical, and applied aspects of Jean Piaget's seminal epistemology. The 12 papers are divided into four areas: language development, formal reasoning, social cognition, and applied research. The topics…

Presseisen, Barbara Z.; And Others

383

Topics in Cognitive Development: Language and Operational Thought. Volume 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second volume in a series that records the official Symposium Proceedings of the Jean Piaget Society and examines the theoretical, empirical, and applied aspects of Jean Piaget's seminal epistemology. The 12 papers are divided into four areas: language development, formal reasoning, social cognition, and applied research. The topics of…

Presseisen, Barbara Z.; And Others

384

CCA shirts -T's & Polo's Contact Jean Wade . NOTE: The polo shirts have increased in price to $32. We have a new club shirt vendor and I will introduce to the ladies a real women's shirt. We are tired of wearing men's T's  

Microsoft Academic Search

th will be chaired by Flo and she needs about 4 workers and most of all members to be part of the event. Please contact Flo at 301-738-2254 or flower20851@yahoo.com She needs to know how many people have an interest in this fun event . 2006 Events planned so far with more to come (details in newsletters or on website

Corvette Courier

385

Jean-Philippe Garneau - Une culture de l'amalgame au prétoire: les avocats de Québec etl'élaboration d'un langage juridique commun (tournant des XVIIIe etXIXe siècles) - The Canadian Historical Review 88:1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Résumé Au lendemain de l'Acte de Québec de 1774, le problème de l'abâtardissement du droit civil devient un thème récurrent et l'administration de la justice civile s'attire les critiques répétées des Canadiens comme des Britanniques. La « restauration » du droit civil français dans la colonie britannique du Québec puis du Bas-Canada pose en effet de sérieux problèmes aux contemporains.

Jean-Philippe Garneau

2007-01-01

386

Architecture and evolution of La Réunion inferred from geophysical data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Architecture and evolution of La Réunion inferred from geophysical data Lydie Gailler and Jean-François Lénat Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS, Clermont-Ferrand, France The Island of La Réunion, the Indian Ocean, is a large, mostly immerged, oceanic volcanic system. We present a study of its internal structure using geophysical methods. Subaerial and marine gravity and magnetic measurements has been compiled along with terrestrial-based electromagnetic surveys. The ensemble of data has been used to construct gravity, magnetic, and electromagnetic models, which are based on geological constraints and previous geophysical interpretations. We are able to differentiate structures from before and after the Brunhes-Matuyama magnetic inversion using the magnetic measurements according to the polarity of the anomalies. The gravity measurements allow us to detect and characterize the dense intrusive complexes and to complement the magnetic measurements in regard of the nature of the coastal formations and submarine flanks. The electromagnetic surveys allow us to determine the distribution of electrical resistivities which we interpret in terms of saturation of rocks with water, hydrothermal alteration and the presence of mineral hydrates, or complexes of phaneritic or microphaneritics rocks. The integration of the geophysical results allows us to build up a large scale model of the volcanic system. At the scale of the Piton de La Fournaise we distinguish both shallow and deep sources. The shallow ones correspond to the filling of ancient depressions by dense lavas flows, to the Central Cone which is largely constituted of scoria, or to the level of breccias at the base of the large valleys to the south. The deep structures are associated with the intrusive complexes from the Alizés volcano and from the Ancient Shield of the Piton de la Fournaise. The analysis of magnetic anomalies demonstrates a very shallow layer of products from Piton de la Fournaise on its northern and eastern flanks. It also indicates the presence of a body of weakly magnetized rocks underneath the central zone, correlated with the presence of a hydrothermal system which is well characterized by a dome of rocks of low resistivity and magma storage structures. Beneath the Ancient Shield, a region of weak resistivity may correspond with an ancient hydrothermal system. The Piton des Neiges is shown as an immense volcano structured around a hypovolcanic system which extends a great distance laterally and vertically. The coverage of the Brunhes formations is incomplete and gives variable thicknesses. Only the western flank, the summit zone and, to a lesser degree the northern flank, present significant thicknesses of these products. Topographical barriers, such as the regions of collapse or landslides could explain the discontinuous distribution of these formations at the scale of the massif. There is an obvious correlation between the lateral spreading of the dense body and the topographical depressions above, suggesting a relationship between the subsidence of the intrusive complex and that of the depressions. At the scale of the immerged system the morphology of two large zones of ancient volcanic constructions is reconstructed to the east of the Piton de la Fournaise and to the south-west of Piton des Neiges. These results bring to question the interpretations of seismic data in these particular sectors. The morphology of the emerged-immerged edifice can be reconstructed. At the land-sea transition, the coastal shelf is interpreted in terms of accumulation of hyaloclastites and pillow-lavas. On the immerged flanks, our analysis confirms that the four submarine bulges are due to the accumulation of avalanches debris deposits of which the internal density contrasts can be correlated with specific geological units observed from the surface.

Gailler, Lydie; Lénat, Jean-Francois

2010-05-01

387

[The problem of divisions, wagers, and game theory].  

PubMed

This article looks at the "problem of the divisions" - a dialogue between two persons or more - to bring out its structure, in which religious and ethical elements are intermingled. It then offers a reevaluation of the argument of the wager, which is seen here as a sort of prefiguration of game theory rather than as the solution to a problem of probabilities. Although their correspondence suggests that Fermat and Pascal believed they were offering a solution to the same problem, they were not - as written by Fermat, the problem of divisions is a problem of probabilities, but ultimately Fermat did not solve the same problem as Pascal. PMID:22109088

Cléro, Jean-Pierre

2011-01-01

388

IKR Simulation Library  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Simulation Library (SimLib) of the Institute of Communication Networks and Computer Engineering (IKR) [216] at the University of Stuttgart is a tool for event-driven simulation of complex systems in the area of communications engineering. The first version of the IKR SimLib was implemented in Pascal in the 1980s. Later in 1993, during his dissertation [256] Hartmut Kocher redesigned the Pascal simulation library and developed an objectoriented class library of the IKR SimLib in C++.

Sommer, Jörg; Scharf, Joachim

389

Analysis of continuous generation of electron beams in medium-pressure gases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Stationary and stable open discharges are obtained in air, helium, and helium with an admixture of a few percent of air. The structure of the generator of an electron beam with a wide set of cathode and insulator materials is described. The experiments are performed under an air pressure of hundreds of pascals and under a helium pressure of thousands of pascals. The current-voltage characteristics of the discharge are measured and the results on the maximal current density attained are compared with the available data.

Bobrov, V. A.; Voiteshonok, V. S.; Golovin, A. I.; Golubev, M. M.; Lomakin, B. N.; Turkin, A. V.; Shloydo, A. I.

2013-08-01

390

Dust Alfven ordinary and cusp solitons and modulational instability in a self-gravitating magneto-radiative plasma  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effective one-fluid adiabatic magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equations for a multicomponent plasma comprising of electrons, ions, and dust are used to investigate the nonlinear coupling of dust Alfven and dust acoustic waves in the presence of radiation pressure as well as the Jean’s term that arises in a self-gravitating plasma. In this context, the set of Zakharov equations are derived. The soliton solutions in the presence of radiation pressure and Jeans term are separately discussed. It is found that ordinary solitons are obtained in the absence of Jeans term whereas cusp solitons are found in the absence of radiation pressure. To the best of our knowledge, cusp solitons are obtained for the first time for a self-gravitating plasma with Jeans term for an electromagnetic wave in a dusty plasma. The modulational instability is also investigated in the presence of radiation pressure and Jeans term. It is found that the Jeans term drives the system modulationally unstable provided it dominates the dust acoustic and radiation pressure terms whereas the radiation pressure enhances the stability of the system. The relevance of the present investigation in the photodissociation region that separates the HII region from the dense molecular clouds is also pointed out.

Masood, W.; Shah, H. A.; Tsintsadze, N. L.; Qureshi, M. N. S.

2010-09-01

391

Nonlinear stability theory for a rotating gravitating disk  

SciTech Connect

A nonlinear differential equation is derived for waves of small but finite amplitude propagated through the plane of a rotating, gravitating, gaseous disk. Depending on the equation of state and the character of the waves, this equation either may describe a ''breakup'' instability or may have a stationary soliton-type solution. The solitons may be either supersonic or subsonic, again depending on the equation of state. Supersonic solitons can develop and be propagated only for a disk that is weakly Jeans-unstable, while subsonic solitons can be propagated only in a Jeans-stable disk. Breakup instability can grow both in a stable disk and against a background of Jeans instability.

Mikhailovskii, A.B.; Petviashvili, V.I.; Fridman, A.M.

1979-03-01

392

Treesearch - Forest Service Research & Development  

Treesearch

Ferruginous Hawk (Buteo regalis), Cartron, Jean-Luc E.; Ramakka, James M.; ... Field testing of the experimental wood preservative N'N-naphtaloylhydroxylamine ... Kus, Barbara E.; Marshall, Robert M.; Pohl, Molly M.; Sferra, Susan J.; Sogge, ...

393

Roster - July 20-21, 2009 BLOOD PRODUCTS ADVISORY  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... Stoller, James K., MD, MS (T-2) Jean Wall Bennett Professor of ... University 5th Floor 1830 Building 1830 East Monument Street Baltimore, MD ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

394

Natural Freedom and Wilderness Survival  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The "naturalism" of Jean Jacques Rousseau offers a philosophical base for wilderness survival: the renewal of participants in nature so that they can reenter civilization with a proper balance of natural and civil liberty. (MJB)|

Welton, George E.

1978-01-01

395

77 FR 48983 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Revocable Trust, both of Attica, Ohio; Ronald L. and Jean E. Hamilton, both of Huron, Ohio; John A. Pour Revocable Living Trust, Yvenna E. Pour Revocable Living Trust, Cheryl S. Beaver, all of Troy, Ohio; Valeria A. Darling, and Fred...

2012-08-15

396

31 CFR Appendix A to Chapter V - Alphabetical Listing of Blocked Persons, Specially Designated Nationals, Specially Designated...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AL-MAJID, Hussein Kamel Hassan...Minerals and Advisor to the President, Baghdad...individual) [IRAQ]THE JUDEAN LEGION...SDT, FTO] THE JUDEAN VOICE...see REVOLUTIONARY PEOPLE'S STRUGGLE) [FTO] K. P. TO JEANS WEAR...

2002-07-01

397

Silent Signals in the Math Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this 2-minute video third grade teacher Jean Saul explains and models the use of silent signals to promote active listening and participation in math class. Questions for teacher reflection are included.

2012-01-01

398

3. Photocopy of photograph from Harvard University Archives James F. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Photocopy of photograph from Harvard University Archives James F. and Jean B. O'Gorman, photographers January 6, 1964 INNER COURT FROM SECOND TIER (THIRD FLOOR), LOOKING EAST - The Dunster, Dunster Street, Cambridge, Middlesex County, MA

399

2. Photocopy of photograph from Harvard University Archives James F. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Photocopy of photograph from Harvard University Archives James F. and Jean B. O'Gorman, photographers January 6, 1964 INNER COURT FROM SECOND TIER (THIRD FLOOR), LOOKING SOUTHEAST - The Dunster, Dunster Street, Cambridge, Middlesex County, MA

400

Acne Mechanica  

MedlinePLUS

... by football players Tight uniforms made of synthetic fabric Tight headbands worn by soccer players and runners ... such as jeans and underwear made of synthetic fabric Snug bra straps Adhesive tape that remains on ...

401

Frames of reference in social cognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

references. Abstract contains 146 words. * Correspondence should be addressed to: Frédérique de Vignemont, Institut Jean-Nicod 1bis avenue de Lowendal 75007 Paris Email: fvignemont@isc.cnrs.fr Author manuscript, published in \\

Frédérique de Vignemont

2007-01-01

402

December 30, 1998 Approval Letter - Thymoglobulin  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Jean-Claude Vincent-Falquet, Pharm. D. Pasteur Merieux Serums et Vaccins, SA 58 Avenue Leclerc 69007 Lyon, France. Dear Dr. Falquet: ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/bloodbloodproducts/approvedproducts

403

Kelp Forest  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video from Jean Michel Cousteau: Ocean Adventures, describes the unique, interdependent characteristics of an underwater kelp forest ecosystem and explores the delicate balance of life between sea otters, urchins, and the kelp plant.

Kqed

2009-04-16

404

Toward a 'Nouveau Emile.'  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author notes that the questions raised in Torsten Husen's book, "The School in Question," are the same raised by the eighteenth-century philosopher Jean Jacques Rousseau. Specifically, problems inherent in the concept of equal education are considered. (KC)|

Meyerson, Martin

1979-01-01

405

75 FR 77660 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Wake Forest, 10001097 Harris, Harwell Hamilton and Jean Bangs, House and Office (Early Modern Architecture Associated with NCSU School of Design Faculty MPS), 122 Cox Ave, Raleigh, 10001098 PENNSYLVANIA Allegheny County East Liberty...

2010-12-13

406

76 FR 64948 - Notice of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board Membership  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agency. The following persons will serve on the AHRQ SES Performance Review Board: Irene Fraser, Stephen B. Cohen, William Munier, David Meyers, Michael Fitzmaurice, Phyllis Zucker, Mark Handelman, Jean Slutsky. For further information...

2011-10-19

407

77 FR 71793 - Notice of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board Membership  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agency. The following persons will serve on the AHRQ SES Performance Review Board: Irene Fraser Stephen B. Cohen William Munier David Meyers Michael Fitzmaurice Phyllis Zucker Mark Handelman Jean Slutsky For further information about the...

2012-12-04

408

How to Be Safe in Ice and Snow  

MedlinePLUS

... clothes that are made of fabrics other than cotton, because cotton doesn't keep you very warm. For your ... heavy pants. Try to avoid jeans or light cotton pants (like khakis), because they won't keep ...

409

Can physics develop reasoning?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The findings of Swiss scholar Jean Piaget suggest that it can - by helping people achieve a series of four distinct but overlapping stages of intellectual growth as they search for patterns and relationships.

Fuller, Robert G.; Karplus, Robert; Lawson, Anton E.

2012-05-15

410

Treesearch - Forest Service Research & Development  

Treesearch

... Bayard De Volo, Shelley; Reynolds, Richard T.; Douglas, Marlis R.; Antolin, ... Appalachian Hardwood Stand After Clearcutting, Beck, Donald E.; Hooper, ... Swainson's Hawk (Buteo swainsoni), Bednarz, James C.; Cartron, Jean-Luc E.; ...

411

US Food and Drug Administration Notice: Archived Document  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... Clinical: Martin Cohen, Clinical TL: John Johnson Chemistry: Jean Tang Chemistry TL: Liang Zhou Pharm/Tox: Kimberly Benson ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

412

78 FR 39725 - Grenada Lake Hydroelectric Project; Notice Of Proposed Restricted Service List for a Programmatic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...South Mississippi Band of Choctaw State Street, Jackson, MS 39201. Indians, P.O. Box 6257, Choctaw, MS 39350. Andrew Tomlinson, U.S. Army Corps of Jean Ann Lambert, THPOM, Quapaw Engineers, Vicksburg District, 4155 Tribe of Oklahoma, 5681...

2013-07-02

413

78 FR 39726 - FFP Missouri 2, LLC; Notice of Proposed Restricted Service List for a Programmatic Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...South Mississippi Band of Choctaw State Street, Jackson, MS 39201. Indians, P.O. Box 6257, Choctaw, MS 39350. Andrew Tomlinson, U.S. Army Corps of Jean Ann Lambert, THPO, Quapaw Engineers, Vicksburg District, 4155 Tribe of Oklahoma, 5681...

2013-07-02

414

3. Historic American Buildings Survey Alexander Piaget, Photographer, April 10, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Historic American Buildings Survey Alexander Piaget, Photographer, April 10, 1934 VIEW FROM NORTH - Jean Baptiste Valle House, 99 South Main Street (Northwest corner of Main & Market Streets), Sainte Genevieve, Ste. Genevieve County, MO

415

1. Historic American Buildings Survey Alexander Piaget, Photographer, April 10, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic American Buildings Survey Alexander Piaget, Photographer, April 10, 1934 VIEW FROM SOUTHEAST - Jean Baptiste Valle House, 99 South Main Street (Northwest corner of Main & Market Streets), Sainte Genevieve, Ste. Genevieve County, MO

416

2. Historic American Buildings Survey Alexander Piaget, Photographer, April 10, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Historic American Buildings Survey Alexander Piaget, Photographer, April 10, 1934 VIEW FROM SOUTHWEST - Jean Baptiste Valle House, 99 South Main Street (Northwest corner of Main & Market Streets), Sainte Genevieve, Ste. Genevieve County, MO

417

Constructivism--Rediscovering the Discovered.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides an historical perspective on the theory of constructivism and its application to science education in museum settings. Reviews the contributions of John Dewey and Jean Piaget to theories of learning associated with constructivist thought. (DDR)|

Cole, Peggy Ruth

1995-01-01

418

Drug Rash (Unclassified Drug Eruption) in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... syrups as well as topical creams, vitamins, and herbal or homeopathic remedies. Be sure to include medicines ... Medicines MedlinePlus: Rashes References Bolognia, Jean L., ed. Dermatology , pp.333, 337. New York: Mosby, 2003. Freedberg, ...

419

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, 2001: Canada.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Canada is a constitutional monarchy with a federal parliamentary form of government. Citizens periodically choose their representatives in free and fair multiparty elections. Jean Chretien began his third consecutive term as Prime Minister in November 200...

2002-01-01

420

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, 2003: Canada.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Canada is a constitutional monarchy with a federal parliamentary form of government. Citizens periodically choose their representatives in free and fair multiparty elections. Jean Chretien began his third consecutive term as Prime Minister in November 200...

2004-01-01

421

020825_Ziprasidone_Clinical_PREA  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

Text Version... directed to review the DSI inspection report for a full analysis of ... Robert Findling Jean Frazier 1004 1003 Floyd Randy Sallee 1002 Study 1281132 ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess

422

Vers un Pib Vert. Pour la Prise en 'Comptes' de l'Environnement (Toward a Green GNP. 'Accounting' for the Environment).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This information report was presented to the French National Assembly by Jean-Pierre Brard, on behalf of the Finance Commission for the General Economy and the Plan. It introduces a number of considerations concerning the introduction of environmental cos...

J. Brard

1995-01-01

423

75 FR 57974 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Jean A. Fagerholm, Eric Falk, Scott K. Farmer, Robert A. Fenton, Robert J. Finegan...Robert Gruber, Corey D. Guilliams, Nancy W. Gunderson, Richard Hanneld, Michael...James A. Walton, Kimberly H. Ward, Nancy L. Wareing, Tracy L. Warrick,...

2010-09-23

424

Broader Impacts Showcase  

NSF Publications Database

... broader impacts of your projects. Sincerely, Luis Echegoyen, Organizer, Broader Impacts Showcase, on ... Jean Futrell, Carl Lineberger, David Oxtoby) luis@clemson.edu Arthur B. Ellis, Director, Division of ...

425

4. Historic American Buildings Survey George Harkness III, Photographer, April ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. Historic American Buildings Survey George Harkness III, Photographer, April 10, 1934 MEASURING THE WEST ELEVATION (REAR) - Jean Baptiste Valle House, 99 South Main Street (Northwest corner of Main & Market Streets), Sainte Genevieve, Ste. Genevieve County, MO

426

Persuasion from an Eighteen-Year-Old's Perspective: Perry and Piaget.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Looks at how the theories of William Perry and Jean Piaget explain choices students made in writing persuasive essays. Examines the implications of their theories for teaching persuasion to eighteen-year olds. (SR)

Dinitz, Sue; Kiedaisch, Jean

1990-01-01

427

Constructivism--Rediscovering the Discovered.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an historical perspective on the theory of constructivism and its application to science education in museum settings. Reviews the contributions of John Dewey and Jean Piaget to theories of learning associated with constructivist thought. (DDR)

Cole, Peggy Ruth

1995-01-01

428

Piaget's Work and Chemical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents selected position papers and research papers influenced by the work of Jean Piaget, intended to help science educators understand Piaget's work and how it applies to science education. Emphasis on formal reasoning stage of development. (SA)

Good, Ron; And Others

1979-01-01

429

An Approach to Poetry Through Transformational Processes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Author details why the psychological studies of Jean Piaget have specific relevance to the teaching of poetry, especially his thought matrix which consists of four transformational processes: identity, inversion, reciprocity and correlation. (Author)

Thompson, Charles Lamar; Weiner, Charles

1972-01-01

430

Program Aims at Improving Abstract Reasoning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a program being conducted within the chemistry department of Xavier University, New Orleans, Louisiana, to improve the abstract reasoning abilities of freshmen science majors. The project is based upon the philosophy developed by Jean Piaget. (SL)

Chemical and Engineering News, 1977

1977-01-01

431

Piaget, Marx and the Political Ideology of Schooling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines Jean Piaget's developmental theories and evaluates how his psychology of constructivism relates to contemporary behavioral sciences, modern education, and modern monopoly capitalism. Concludes that Piaget's constructivism is inconsistent with capitalist ideology and is widely misunderstood by educators. (DB)

Kaufman, Barry A.

1978-01-01

432

Piaget and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of Science and Education and the Psychology of the Child (Grossman, 1970) by Jean Piaget and Educational Implications of Piaget's Theory (Ginn-Blaisdell, 1970) by Irene J. Athey and Duane O. Rubadeau. (CK)

Gelman, Rochel

1971-01-01

433

Treesearch - Forest Service Research & Development  

Treesearch

Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura), Fettig, Stephen M.; Cartron, Jean-Luc E. 2010, -- ... Schmoldt, Daniel L.; Nelson, Robert M.; Ross, Robert J.; McDonald, Kent A. ... Dugger, Katie M.; Faaborg, John G; Arendt, Wayne J.; Hobson, Keith A. 2004, --.

434

U.S. Transplant Centers  

MedlinePLUS

... Jeanes Hospital Philadelphia, PA 19111 (215) 214-3100 Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Inc. NMDP Transplant Center Blood & ... Children's Research Hospital NMDP Transplant Center 262 Danny Thomas Place Memphis, TN 38105-3678 (901) 595-4055 ( ...

435

The Mountain Lion: An Initiation Story for Both Sexes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents guidelines for using Jean Stafford's initiation story in high school literature classes. Describes a story that has humor, warmth, and a richness of theme that is appealing to both boys and girls. (NKA)

Plummer, Carolyn K.

1986-01-01

436

CDER Forum for International Drug Regulatory Authorities ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

Text Version... Jean Mulinde, MD Acting Team Leader, Good Clinical Practice Branch 2 ... data quality concerns with clinical monitoring and best practices to prevent ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/newsevents

437

An approach to brief field testing for neurotoxicity.  

PubMed

A description is offered for a microcomputer-based testing system which utilizes an Apple II microcomputer with the Pascal language and additional hardware resources. Tasks implemented for the system have been selected to broadly sample cognitive functioning with some sensory and motor evaluation as well. Efforts to evaluate sensitivity, task interrelations, and reliability of measurement are described. PMID:4058647

Eckerman, D A; Carroll, J B; Foree, D; Gullion, C M; Lansman, M; Long, E R; Waller, M B; Wallsten, T S

438

Computer Program: General University Requirements Package  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of my research project was to write a computer program in Turbo Pascal which would determine how many general university requirements a student has completed and what requirements he or she needs to complete in order to graduate. There are six degrees offered at Illinois Wesleyan University. They are: BA (Bachelor of Arts); BS (Bachelor of Science); BFA

AbhishekKejriwal

1993-01-01

439

There and Back Again: The Country and the City in the Fiction of Rétif de la Bretonne  

Microsoft Academic Search

Widening horizons exemplify the spirit of the eighteenth century. In France, as elsewhere in Europe, the adventure of travel, both beyond and within borders, is matched by the philosophical and epistemological adventure that accompanies broadening knowledge and an enhanced sense of relativism. The aphoristic irony of Pascal's earlier \\

Peter Wagstaff

1998-01-01

440

Melanges Pedagogiques (Pedagogical Mixture), 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 1985 issue of the journal on second language teaching and learning contains four articles in French and three in English, including: "Lire et comprendre un texte informatif (Reading and understanding an Informative Text)" (Jacqueline Billant, Pascale Fade); "Les nouveaux diplomes de Francais Language Etrangere: Le D.E.L.F. et le D.A.L.F. (The…

Melanges Pedagogiques, 1985

1985-01-01

441

Actes des Journees de linguistique (Proceedings of the Linguistics Conference) (14th, Quebec, Canada, March 23-24, 2000).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Papers on language research in this volume include the following: Phonetique ou phonologie: le chva dans les emprunts anglais en portugais (Phonetics or Phonology: The Schwa in English Loan Words to Portuguese) (Pascale Belanger); NewsExpert: exemple de l'application de la linguistique informatique a Internet (NewsExpert: An Example of Its…

Perron, Veronique, Ed.

442

Golden River Traffic Counter Analysis and Data Storage for the IBM-PC.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Common serial communication support program PC-TALK III is used to read and store traffic volume data. Turbo Pascal written programs HEADER and REPORT enable user to provide descriptive information for each data file. Data analysis output can be obtained ...

J. Y. Lee D. J. Chang G. P. Ritch

1986-01-01

443

Programming Languages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the nature of programing languages, considering the features of BASIC, LOGO, PASCAL, COBOL, FORTH, APL, and LISP. Also discusses machine/assembly codes, the operation of a compiler, and trends in the evolution of programing languages (including interest in notational systems called object-oriented languages). (JN)|

Tesler, Lawrence G.

1984-01-01

444

A reverse engineering methodology to reconstruct hierarchical data flow diagrams for software maintenance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The methodology used to define a reverse engineering process that has been employed in an enhancement maintenance operation on a Pascal software system is described. Attention is focused on the methodology used to produce, from code, a hierarchy of data-flow diagrams (DFDs) at different levels of abstraction. DFDs are produced in the high-level design phase of a software production process

P. Benedusi; A. Cimitile; U. De Carlini

1989-01-01

445

Computational aspects of optics design and simulation: COSY INFINITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new differential algebraic (DA) techniques allow very efficient treatment and understanding of nonlinear motion in optical systems as well as circular accelerators. To utilize these techniques in their most general way, a powerful software environment is essential. A language with structure elements similar to Pascal was developed. It has object oriented features to allow for a direct utilization of

Martin Berz

1990-01-01

446

Learning Cities as Healthy Green Cities: Building Sustainable Opportunity Cities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses a new generation of learning cities we have called EcCoWell cities (Economy, Community, Well-being). The paper was prepared for the PASCAL International Exchanges (PIE) and is based on international experiences with PIE and developments in some cities. The paper argues for more holistic and integrated development so that…

Kearns, Peter

2012-01-01

447

Tinkering with TIMSS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite Commissioner Pascal Forgione's claims (in the June 1998 "Kappan"), the final-year Third International Mathematics and Science Study obviates comparison of achievement across nations. Comparers are engaging in a political exercise. There are problems with age, cultural, and enrollment-rate differences; definition of the U.S. mathematics…

Bracey, Gerald W.

1998-01-01

448

Moving On  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pascal D. Forgione Jr., who has been the superintendent of the Austin Independent School District since August 1999, will retire in June. In the rough-and-tumble world of the urban superintendency, such long tenures are a relative rarity. As he prepares to leave the stage, Pat Forgione is being praised locally and nationally for his leadership in…

Aarons, Dakarai I.

2009-01-01

449

The development of a simulation program of the anode side for aluminum\\/air batteries  

Microsoft Academic Search

A simulation program of the anode side of aluminum\\/air batteries in Turbo Pascal version 5.0 was developed. On this side two reactions occur, namely the oxidation of the aluminum self and the evolution of hydrogen. This last one is not wanted, because it reduces the capacity of the battery. The program shows graphics of the oxidation, the total current density,

C. N. Rooker

1989-01-01

450

PATRICIA: User Reference (Practical Algorithm to Retrieve Information Coded in Alphanumeric).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

PATRICIA ia an acronym for Practical Algorithm To Retrieve Information Coded in Alphanumeric. This document is a guide to the fourth major revision of PATRICIA, PAT IV, which has been implemented with considerations for portability in Pascal on a VAX 11/7...

C. M. Korbin

1983-01-01

451

The Metamorphosis of an Introduction to Computer Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introductory courses in computer science at colleges and universities have undergone significant changes in 20 years. This article provides an overview of the history of introductory computer science (FORTRAN, ANSI flowchart symbols, BASIC, data processing concepts, and PASCAL) and its future (robotics and C++). (PEN)

Ben-Jacob, Marion G.

1997-01-01

452

Bias in Computer Languages Comparisons: A FORTRAN Phobic Cabal?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The viability of the FORTRAN computer language and its relationship to other languages (such as PASCAL) were discussed. A library of C language and assembly language FORTRAN-callable subroutines, developed for the use of behavioral science researchers, was introduced. (Author/GDC)

Krus, David J.; Lu, Mei-Yan

1987-01-01

453

Updating Fortran programs and other legacy code to an interactive window platform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces a hybrid method to update legacy programs, thus combining the visual interactivity of window programs with the qualities of legacy code. Because migration from C, Fortran or Pascal to another programming language is very time-consuming and error-prone, it can be more beneficial to integrate legacy executable files into a visual interactive window shell. Such a shell program

Jürgen Friedrich; Mahmut O. Karslioglu

2003-01-01

454

Student's Lab Assignments in PDE Course with MAPLE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer-aided software has been used intensively in many mathematics courses, especially in computational subjects, to solve initial value and boundary value problems in Partial Differential Equations (PDE). Many software packages were used in student lab assignments such as FORTRAN, PASCAL, MATLAB, MATHEMATICA, and MAPLE in order to accelerate…

Ponidi, B. Alhadi

455

"Split and Fit": A Faculty Subgroup Self-Organizes and Creates a Different Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A team of graduate students and educational administration professors, as part of a field-based doctoral program, discovered the "split and fit" culture during an evaluation of the school's Continuous Progress Primary Program (CPPP). According to Pascale (1990), "split and fit" can work to an organization's benefit. Fit contributes to coherence,…

Furtwengler, Willis J.; Furtwengler, Carol B.; Owens, Melva; Turk, Randall

456

Electron capture to nearly circular states in low energy collisions of Ar8+ with cesium  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Vacuum ultraviolet spectroscopy has been used to study one electron capture into Ar8+ ions from cesium at 16, 80 and 160 keV energies. Many ?n=1 to 5 transitions have been observed. The line intensity distribution is compared to theoretical distributions. The best agreement is obtained with the three body Classical Trajectory Monte Carlo calculation of Pascale et al.

Denis, A.; Martin, S.; Delon, A.; Carré, M.; Buchet-Poulizac, M. C.; Désesquelles, J.; Ouerdane, Y.

1993-06-01

457

The Seven S Framework and Its Use as an Assessment Tool.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The "Seven S" framework developed by Pascale and Athos can be adapted to encompass both the technical and philosophical dimensions of organizational problem solving. For a community college, the seven elements of the model would be: (1) Superordinate goals--the significant meanings and guiding concepts that make up the philosophy of a community…

Versteck, Mary M.

458

Metaphorical Thinking and the Scope of Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Both the method of the New Critics and the modern student's interest in "macro-questions" are briefly discussed by way of introduction. The primary concern of the essay, however, is for an ampler conception of metaphor. Instances of "advanced metaphorical thinking," among them More's "Utopia," Kant's "Critique of Pure Reason," and Pascal's…

Kaufmann, R.J.

1968-01-01

459

Melanges Pedagogiques (Pedagogical Mixture), 1984.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1984 issue of the journal on second language teaching and learning contains five articles in French and two in English. These include the following: "Enseignement individuel vs. enseignement de masse (Individual Instruction vs. Large Group Instruction)" (Jacqueline Billant, Pascal Fade); "Systemes 'autonomisants' d'apprentissage des langues…

Melanges Pedagogiques, 1984

1984-01-01

460

Programming language impacts on learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

What programming language should be taught in an introductory computer science course? Studies and experiences at West Point provide some insight into these questions. This paper reports the statistical results obtained from a side-by-side comparison of Pascal and Ada. The unique nature of our institution provided the opportunity to isolate and study causal factors, and allowed us to follow the

J. A. Drew Hamilton Jr.; Jeanne L. Murtagh; Richard G. Zoller

2000-01-01

461

Static Solution for Real Time Deformable Objects With Fluid Inside  

Microsoft Academic Search

Long Elements Method (LEM) is a new method for physically based simulation of deformable objects, suitable for real time animation and virtual environment interaction. The approach implements a static solution for elastic global deformations of objects filled with fluid based on the Pascal's principle and volume conservation.

Ivan F. Costa; Remis Balaniuk

462

Special Block Matrices and Multivariate Polynomials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently the Pascal matrix and its generalizations have been used to construct matrix representations of special polynomials in one variable like Bernoulli, Euler, Genocchi, Hermite, etc. In this paper we describe a unified approach via a block creation matrix to polynomials in several hypercomplex variables.

Tomaz, G.; Malonek, H. R.

2010-09-01

463

CO2 Inhibits Respiration in Leaves of Rumex crispus L  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Curly dock(Rumexcrispus L.)wasgrownfromseedina glasshouse atanambient CO2partial pressure ofabout 35pas- cals. Apparent respiration rate(CO2efflux inthedark) of expanded leaves wasthenmeasured atambient CO2partial pressure of5to95pascals. Calculated intercellular CO2partial pressure wasproportional toambient CO2partial pressure in theseshort-term experiments. TheCO2level strongly affected

J. S. Amthor; G. W. Koch; A. J. Bloom

1992-01-01

464

Not Safe for the Nursery?— Toni Morrison's Storybooks for Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, Toni Morrison and her son Slade, collaborating with two artists (Griselle Potter and Pascal Lemaître), published five books for children that received mixed responses. The Morrison team's project in the field of children's literature offers pertinent cases for us to reconsider critical issues involved in this field—readership, censorship, power relations, didacticism, genres and forms, etc. In this

Chia-yen Ku

2006-01-01

465

Fuzzy Query Processing Using Clustering Techniques.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the problem of processing fuzzy queries in databases and information retrieval systems and presents a prototype of a fuzzy query processing system for databases that is based on data clustering and uses Pascal programing language. Clustering schemes are explained, and the system architecture that uses natural language is described. (14…

Kamel, M.; And Others

1990-01-01

466

Laparoscopic Hysterectomy in the Treatment of Endometrial Cancer: A Systematic Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

We sought to compare the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy with or without lymphadenectomy and open surgery in women with endometrial cancer. A systematic review of the literature was undertaken. Bibliographic searches of the Health Technology Assessment, National Health Service Economic Evaluation, DARE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, MEDLINE, Embase, Pascal Biomed, and Cinahl databases were

Susana Granado de la Orden; M. Mercedes Reza; Juan A. Blasco; Elena Andradas; Daniel Callejo; Tirso Pérez

2008-01-01

467

Tabula rasa: Model transfer for object category detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our objective is transfer training of a discriminatively trained object category detector, in order to reduce the number of training images required. To this end we propose three transfer learning formulations where a template learnt previously for other categories is used to regularize the training of a new category. All the formulations result in convex optimization problems. Experiments (on PASCAL

Yusuf Aytar; Andrew Zisserman

2011-01-01

468

Overview of the ImageCLEF 2007 Object Retrieval Task  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the object retrieval task of ImageCLEF 2007, give an overview of the methods of the participating groups, and present and discuss the results. The task was based on the widely used PASCAL object recognition data to train object recognition methods and on the IAPR TC-12 benchmark dataset from which images of objects of the ten dierent classes bicycles,

Thomas Deselaers; Allan Hanbury; Ville Viitaniemi; András A. Benczúr; Mátyás Brendel; Bálint Daróczy; Hugo Jair Escalante Balderas; Theo Gevers; Carlos Arturo Hernández Gracidas; Steven C. H. Hoi; Jorma Laaksonen; Mingjing Li; Heidy Marisol Marín Castro; Hermann Ney; Xiaoguang Rui; Nicu Sebe; Julian Stöttinger; Lei Wu

2007-01-01

469

Decibels and octaves, who needs them?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Decibels and octaves have been in use for almost a century and appear to have become deeply entrenched. However, with the advent of digital signal processing, routine methods of measuring sound intensity (sound power flow per unit area) and the widespread use of pascal units for pressure, their usefulness is open to question. This short communication examines the origins of

Robert Hickling

2006-01-01

470

Investigation of the rate-controlling mechanism(s) for high temperature creep and the relationship between creep and melting by use of high pressure as a variable  

SciTech Connect

Using high pressure as a variable, the rate-controlling mechanism for high temperature creep and the relationship between creep and melting is investigated for silicon and nickel. An apparatus is used in which the samples are heated to melting point and subjected to 1 to 3 GigaPascal pressure. The stress behavior of the materials are then studied.

Not Available

1991-01-01

471

Investigation of the rate-controlling mechanism(s) for high temperature creep and the relationship between creep and melting by use of high pressure as a variable. Progress report  

SciTech Connect

Using high pressure as a variable, the rate-controlling mechanism for high temperature creep and the relationship between creep and melting is investigated for silicon and nickel. An apparatus is used in which the samples are heated to melting point and subjected to 1 to 3 GigaPascal pressure. The stress behavior of the materials are then studied.

Not Available

1991-12-31

472

Acid-Base Disorders--A Computer Simulation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes and lists a program for Apple Pascal Version 1.1 which investigates the behavior of the bicarbonate-carbon dioxide buffer system in acid-base disorders. Designed specifically for the preclinical medical student, the program has proven easy to use and enables students to use blood gas parameters to arrive at diagnoses. (DH)|

Maude, David L.

1985-01-01

473

Regular right part grammars and their parsers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces an alternative to context-free grammars called regular right part (RRP) grammars, which resemble PASCAL syntax diagrams. Formally, RRP grammars have production right parts, which are nondeterministic finite state machines (FSMs), and, as a special case, regular expression, since these can be converted to FSMs. RRP grammars describe the syntax of programming languages more concisely and more understandably

Wilf R. LaLonde

1977-01-01

474

Student's Lab Assignments in PDE Course with MAPLE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Computer-aided software has been used intensively in many mathematics courses, especially in computational subjects, to solve initial value and boundary value problems in Partial Differential Equations (PDE). Many software packages were used in student lab assignments such as FORTRAN, PASCAL, MATLAB, MATHEMATICA, and MAPLE in order to accelerate…

Ponidi, B. Alhadi

475

Recommendations for changes in advanced placement computer science (panel session)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1981 the APCS Development Committee recommended the use of Pascal in an AP course whose first exam was given in 1984. This decision was controversial; BASIC was in widespread use and serious consideration was given to a language-neutral exam and course. In 1985 an ad-hoc committee made recommendations on changing the exam format, essentially creating two courses that correspond

Robert Cartwight; Rich Kick; Cay Horstmann; Fran Trees; Gail Chapman; David Gries; Henry Walkers; Ursula Wolz

2000-01-01

476

Melanges Pedagogiques (Pedagogical Mixture), 1984.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 1984 issue of the journal on second language teaching and learning contains five articles in French and two in English. These include the following: "Enseignement individuel vs. enseignement de masse (Individual Instruction vs. Large Group Instruction)" (Jacqueline Billant, Pascal Fade); "Systemes 'autonomisants' d'apprentissage des langues…

Melanges Pedagogiques, 1984

1984-01-01

477

M-Bonomial Coefficients and Their Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this note, we introduce M-bonomial coefficients or (M-bonacci binomial coefficients). These are similar to the binomial and the Fibonomial (or Fibonacci-binomial) coefficients and can be displayed in a triangle similar to Pascal's triangle from which some identities become obvious.|

Asiru, Muniru A.

2010-01-01

478

Placing Hidden Surface Removal within the CORE Graphics Standard: An Example.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A Pascal based ACM proposed standard (CORE) graphics system from the University of Pennsylvania was converted to run on an 086/8087 microcomputer. Additionally, a non-restrictive full 3-D hidden surface removal algorithm for surfaces modelled by opaque po...

T. S. Wailes

1983-01-01

479

The Family Tree of Computer Languages; Choosing What's Best for Your Purposes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares machine code with assembler languages, explains the difference between low and high level computer languages, and traces the historical development and special features of the general purpose languages--BASIC, FORTRAN, COBOL, LISP, ALGOL, Pascal, APL, and PL/1--and special purpose languages--C, FORTH, Modula 2, Smalltalk, PILOT, and…

Cole, Bernard

1983-01-01

480

Efficient implementation of a high-level language on a bit-serial parallel matrix processor  

SciTech Connect

Many modern supercomputers perform operations in parallel (more than one at once) to increase processing power. On important type of parallel processor is the bit-serial parallel matrix processor, an example of which is the NASA's Massively Parallel Processor. Programming a parallel matrix processor requires languages which are capable of directly expressing those operations which the machine can support. A good language should be powerful, easy to use, and efficiently implementable. This thesis describes the development of the language Parallel Pascal for the class of parallel matrix processors, and describes the implementation of Parallel Pascal by a two-phase compiler whose phases communicate through an intermediate language called Parallel P-code. The efficient implementation of Parallel Pascal by this means is examined. Parallel Pascal is shown to be well-suited to the MPP, and the use of Parallel P-code as an intermediate language is shown to be a workable implementation. The implementation of a simple input-output system is described. A heuristic method for generating specialized bit-serial functions is presented.

Bruner, J.D.

1982-01-01

481

An Optimizing Compiler for Lexically Scoped LISP  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors are developing an optimizing compiler for a dialect of the LISP language. The current target architecture is the s-1, a multiprocessing supercomputer designed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. While LISP is usually thought of as a language primarily for symbolic processing and list manipulation, this compiler is also intended to compete with the S-1 pascal and FORTRAN compilers

Rodney A. Brooks; Richard P. Gabriel; Guy L. Steele Jr.

1982-01-01

482

Acid-Base Disorders--A Computer Simulation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes and lists a program for Apple Pascal Version 1.1 which investigates the behavior of the bicarbonate-carbon dioxide buffer system in acid-base disorders. Designed specifically for the preclinical medical student, the program has proven easy to use and enables students to use blood gas parameters to arrive at diagnoses. (DH)

Maude, David L.

1985-01-01

483

The Pizza Problem: A Solution with Sequences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article addresses the issues of coaching and assessing. A preservice middle school teacher's unique solution to the Pizza problem was not what the professor expected. The student's solution strategy, based on sequences and a reinvention of Pascal's triangle, is explained in detail. (Contains 8 figures.)|

Shafer, Kathryn G.; Mast, Caleb J.

2008-01-01

484

Topics for Mathematics Clubs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The ten chapters in this booklet cover topics not ordinarily discussed in the classroom: Fibonacci sequences, projective geometry, groups, infinity and transfinite numbers, Pascal's Triangle, topology, experiments with natural numbers, non-Euclidean geometries, Boolean algebras, and the imaginary and the infinite in geometry. Each chapter is…

Dalton, LeRoy C., Ed.; Snyder, Henry D., Ed.

485

Hypothermia for neuroprotection after cardiac arrest: Systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Only a few patients survive cardiac arrest with favorable neurologic recovery. Our objective was to assess whether induced hypothermia improves neurologic recovery in survivors of primary cardiac arrest. Data Source: Studies were identified by a computerized search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PASCAL, the Cochrane Controlled Trial Register, and BIOSIS. Study Selection: We included randomized and quasi-random- ized, controlled trials

Michael Holzer; Stephen A. Bernard; Said Hachimi-Idrissi; Risto O. Roine; Fritz Sterz

2005-01-01

486

PROLOG for programmers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book is an introduction to PROLOG, its use and implementation, assumes the reader has some programming experience and relates the unconventional PROLOG constructs to the programming methods and techniques used in, say, PASCAL, thus helping to cross the psychological barrier between the two approaches. The book is practically oriented but avoids irritating the more sophisticated reader with the boring

F. Kluzniak; S. Szpakowicz

1985-01-01

487

An Applicable Family of Data Flow Testing Criteria  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors extend the definitions of the previously introduced family of data flow testing criteria to apply to programs written in a large subset of Pascal. They then define a family of adequacy criteria called feasible data flow testing criteria, which are derived from the data-flow testing criteria. The feasible data flow testing criteria circumvent the problem of nonapplicability of

Phyllis G. Frankl; Elaine J. Weyuker

1988-01-01

488

Defining Processing Elements in Dependence Graphs from for- do Programming Constructs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The modeling of processing elements (PEs) in dependence graphs (DGs), defined on 2 and 3 level for-do constructs, is presented. Dependence graphs model algorithms described by computer languages, like Fortran, Pascal, C, and C++ and are developed in cases when the mentioned algorithms are to be implemented in FPGA or embedded hardware, in the form of shift-invariant and systolic processing

STAVROS DOKOUZYIANNIS; ARGIRIS MOKIOS

2007-01-01

489

Understanding the Siphon: An Example of the Development of Pedagogical Content Knowledge Using Textbooks and the Writings of Early Scientists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Develops and discusses a general explanatory principle for determining whether or not fluid will or will not flow from a siphon after considering explanations provided by textbooks and the writings of Blaise Pascal. Contends that the wide applicability and stable structure of the explanatory principle makes it a useful pedagogical device for…

de Berg, Kevin C.; Greive, Cedric E.

1999-01-01

490

The Smithville Families  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students create the number sequences of Pascal's triangle, and discover a relationship that this triangle has to theoretical probability.Then they will determine the total number of possible girl/boy combinations in a five-child family.

2010-01-01

491

Dual US-Europe Graduate Degrees in Volcanology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Michigan Tech, Buffalo, Universite Blaise Pascal and University of Milan Bicocca have formed an educational consortium to offer dual MS degrees in volcanology and geotechniques. Students in the program spend half of their MS in Europe and half in the US and have graduate advisory committees that bridge the Atlantic. The new program combines the expertise of four campuses and

W. I. Rose; B. van Wyk Devries; E. S. Calder; A. Tibaldi

2010-01-01

492

The Metamorphosis of an Introduction to Computer Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introductory courses in computer science at colleges and universities have undergone significant changes in 20 years. This article provides an overview of the history of introductory computer science (FORTRAN, ANSI flowchart symbols, BASIC, data processing concepts, and PASCAL) and its future (robotics and C++). (PEN)|

Ben-Jacob, Marion G.

1997-01-01

493

Bias in Computer Languages Comparisons: A FORTRAN Phobic Cabal?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The viability of the FORTRAN computer language and its relationship to other languages (such as PASCAL) were discussed. A library of C language and assembly language FORTRAN-callable subroutines, developed for the use of behavioral science researchers, was introduced. (Author/GDC)|

Krus, David J.; Lu, Mei-Yan

1987-01-01

494

The problem of the sonic boom for future high-speed transport aircraft  

Microsoft Academic Search

The sonic boom origin and propagation in the atmosphere are reviewed. The main effects on structures and living creatures are described. The only appreciable nuisance resulting from the boom is due to the startle reaction. No acceptability threshold was defined up until now. However, the startle reactions appear to become rare for boom intensities less than 50 pascals or for

Andre Auriol; Claude Lecomte; Christian Thery

1993-01-01

495

Experience with a data base of programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Adele system was initially designed as a specialized data base of programs for an experimental Pascal environment, with a focus on configuration management. Later, it was redesigned as a general data base for large scale programs written in any language. The focus here was on side effect control and real problems of large industrial software products [Estublier84]. Then in

N Belkatir; J Estublier

1987-01-01

496

Dhrystone: a synthetic systems programming benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reflecting current data on the use of programming language constructs in systems programming, a synthetic benchmark is constructed based on the distribution appearing in the data. The benchmark executes 100 Ada statements that are balanced in terms of the distribution of statement types, data types, and data locality. Pascal and C versions of the benchmark are discussed.

Reinhold P. Weicker

1984-01-01

497

flo —A Language for Typesetting Flowcharts  

Microsoft Academic Search

flo is a language for including flowcharts into documents typeset using the UNIX™ ditroff. A basic flowchart can be created with minimal effort by inputting only the basic algorithm written in a Pascal-like notation. The example below illustrates the general capability of flo .

Anthony P. Wolfman; Daniel M. Berry

1989-01-01

498

The flowchart interpreter for introductory programming courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

An introductory programming course offers students problem solving analysis and design experience as well as exposure to the basic tenets of algorithmic thinking. Unfortunately, most introductory programming courses tend to concentrate on the syntax of a programming language (such as Basic, Pascal, C++, Java, etc.) at the expense of problem solving activities. The Flowchart Interpreter (FLINT) program supports problem solving

U. Ziegler

1998-01-01

499

PELAS - Program Error-Locating Assistant System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Error localization in program debugging is the process of identifying program statements which cause incorrect behavior. A prototype of the error localization assistant system which guides a programmer during debugging of Pascal programs is described. The system is interactive: it queries the programmer for the correctness of the program behavior and uses answers to focus the programmer's attention on an

Bogdan Korel

1988-01-01

500

SIR WINSTON SPENCER CHURCHILL AND THE MOVEMENT OF THE UNIFICATION OF EUROPE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Field of research: European studies Abstract: In his paper on the history of the European Union Pascal Fontaine (professor of the Paris Institute of Political Sciences) argues that until it crystallised into a political concept and became the long term goal of the Member States of the European Community, the European ideal was unknown to all but philosophers and visionaries.

LEVENTE LÉNÁRT

2003-01-01