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1

Economic-environmental modeling of point source pollution in Jefferson County, Alabama, USA.  

PubMed

This paper uses an integrated economic-environmental model to assess the point source pollution from major industries in Jefferson County, Northern Alabama. Industrial expansion generates employment, income, and tax revenue for the public sector; however, it is also often associated with the discharge of chemical pollutants. Jefferson County is one of the largest industrial counties in Alabama that experienced smog warnings and ambient ozone concentration, 1996-1999. Past studies of chemical discharge from industries have used models to assess the pollution impact of individual plants. This study, however, uses an extended Input-Output (I-O) economic model with pollution emission coefficients to assess direct and indirect pollutant emission for several major industries in Jefferson County. The major findings of the study are: (a) the principal emission by the selected industries are volatile organic compounds (VOC) and these contribute to the ambient ozone concentration; (b) the direct and indirect emissions are significantly higher than the direct emission by some industries, indicating that an isolated analysis will underestimate the emission by an industry; (c) while low emission coefficient industries may suggest industry choice they may also emit the most hazardous chemicals. This study is limited by the assumptions made, and the data availability, however it provides a useful analytical tool for direct and cumulative emission estimation and generates insights on the complexity in choice of industries. PMID:12173425

Kebede, Ellene; Schreiner, Dean F; Huluka, Gobena

2002-05-01

2

The effect of trauma care on the temporal distribution of homicide mortality in Jefferson County, Alabama.  

PubMed

The distribution of time from acute traumatic injury to death has three peaks: immediate (less than or equal to one hour), early (6 to 24 hours), and late (days to weeks). It has been suggested that coordinated trauma care dampens the late peak; however, this research may be more reflective of unintentional than intentional deaths. This study examines whether a coordinated trauma system (TS) alters the temporal distribution for assault-related deaths. Data were obtained from homicides examined by the Jefferson County Coroner's/Medical Examiner's Office from 1987 to 2008. Homicides were categorized-based on year of death-as occurring in the presence of no TS, during TS implementation, in the early years of the TS, or in a mature TS. The temporal distribution of homicide mortality was compared among TS categories using a ?(2) test. A Cox Markov multistate model was used to estimate proportional changes in the temporal distribution of death adjusted for assault mechanism. With a TS, after adjusting for assault mechanism, a lower proportion of homicide victims survived through the first hour (hazard ratio [HR], 0.75; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.54 to 1.03) and from one to six hours (HR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.49 to 0.96). Additionally, the presence of a TS was associated with a proportional decrease in deaths after 24 hours (P = 0.0005). These results suggest that a trauma system is effective in preventing late homicide deaths; however, other means of preventing death (such as violence prevention programs) are needed to decrease the burden of immediate homicide-related deaths. PMID:24666866

Griffin, Russell L; Davis, Gregory G; Levitan, Emily B; Maclennan, Paul A; Redden, David T; McGwin, Gerald

2014-03-01

3

Effect of Surface Coal Mining on the Hydrology of Crooked and Turkey Creek Basins, Jefferson County, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Streamflow, sediment yield, and water quality were monitored from October 1975 through May 1977 to determine the impact of surface coal mining on the hydrology of Crooked and Turkey Creek basins in Jefferson County, Alabama. The basins are in the northeast part of the Warrior coal field. Coal is and has been mined from the Blue Creek, Mary Lee, and and Newcastel coal beds in the Mary Lee group. Results show water-quality degradation, increased sediment yields, and increased low flow in most tributaries draining mined areas. The impact of mine drainage and sediment yield from mined subbasins on water in the main stem of Turkey Creek was small due to the alkalinity of the water in the creek and to dilution ratios that ranged from 1:30 to 1:300. Mine drainage has affected the quality of water in Crooked Creek. The dissolved solids concentration in water downstream from the mined areas was as much as 7 times greater than that in water in unmined parts of the basin. The sediment yield to Crooked Creek was lower in the mined area than in the unmined segment of the stream. The lower yield is due, in part, to the trapping of sediment in sediment ponds in the mines and in a swamp downstream from the mines. (USGS)

Puente, Celso; Newton, John G.

1979-01-01

4

A Multilevel Analysis of Individual, Household, and Neighborhood Correlates of Intimate Partner Violence Among Low-Income Pregnant Women in Jefferson County, Alabama  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined individual, household, and neighborhood correlates of intimate partner violence (IPV) before and during pregnancy. Methods. We used multilevel modeling to investigate IPV among 2887 pregnant women in 112 census tracts who sought prenatal care in 8 public clinics in Jefferson County, Alabama, from 1997 through 2001. Data were collected from the Perinatal Emphasis Research Center project, the 2000 Census, and the local Sheriff and Police Departments Uniform Crime Reports for 1997 through 2001. Results. Participants were predominantly young, African American, on Medicaid, and residents of low-income neighborhoods. The prevalence of past-year male partner–perpetrated physical or sexual violence was 7.4%. Neighborhood residential stability, women performing most of the housework (lack of involvement among partners), being unmarried (being in an uncommitted relationship), and alcohol use were positively associated with elevated IPV risk. Significant protective factors for IPV included older age at first vaginal intercourse and a greater sense of mastery (e.g., the perception of oneself as an effective person). Conclusions. Both neighborhood contextual and individual and household compositional effects are associated with IPV among low-income pregnant women. The results imply that combined interventions to improve neighborhood conditions and strengthen families may effectively reduce IPV. PMID:19696385

Kirby, Russell S.; Sigler, Robert T.; Hwang, Sean-Shong; LaGory, Mark E.; Goldenberg, Robert L.

2010-01-01

5

Assessment of Water-Quality Conditions in Fivemile Creek in the Vicinity of the Fivemile Creek Greenway, Jefferson County, Alabama, 2003-2005  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The watershed of Fivemile Creek (FMC), a tributary to the Locust Fork of the Black Warrior River, is located north of Birmingham, Alabama. Areas that have been previously coal-mined border the creek, and portions of the upper watershed have been and are currently (2007) being used for industrial and urban uses. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the City of Tarrant, the Freshwater Land Trust, and the Jefferson County Commission, conducted a water-quality assessment of 12 sites along FMC during 2003?2005. Water samples were analyzed for basic physical and chemical properties and concentrations of major ions, nutrients, fecal indicator bacteria, organic wastewater compounds, pesticides, trace elements, and semivolatile organic compounds. Streambed-sediment samples were analyzed for concentrations of trace elements and semivolatile organic compounds. Benthic invertebrate communities were evaluated for taxonomic composition and relation to water-quality conditions. Nutrient concentrations in the FMC watershed reflect the influences of natural and anthropogenic sources. Concentrations of total nitrogen in all samples and total Kjeldahl nitrogen in at least one sample each collected from FMC at Hewitt Park, FMC below Springdale Road, FMC at Lewisburg, FMC near Republic, FMC at Brookside, and FMC at Linn Crossing exceeded U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) ecoregion nutrient criteria. Total phosphorus concentrations in about 58 percent of all samples were above the ecoregion nutrient criteria. Concentrations of chlorophyll a, an indicator of algal biomass, in the FMC watershed were below the appropriate USEPA ecoregion criteria. Fecal indicator bacteria concentrations occasionally exceeded criteria established by the Alabama Department of Environmental Management (ADEM) and the USEPA to protect human health and aquatic life. Median fecal-coliform concentrations equaled or exceeded USEPA criteria at four of the six sites with multiple samples. Maximum Escherichia coli (E. coli) concentrations usually occurred during high-flow conditions and exceeded the single-sample criterion for infrequently-used whole-body contact (576 colonies per 100 milliliters) at all but one site. Median E. coli concentrations for two of the seven sites with multiple samples exceeded USEPA criteria. Twenty-nine samples were collected from sites along FMC and analyzed by the USGS National Water Quality Laboratory for the presence of 57 organic wastewater compounds. Forty-six of the 57 organic wastewater compounds, representing all 11 general-use categories, were detected in samples from FMC. All detections of organic wastewater compounds were estimated below laboratory reporting limits except for several detections of the herbicide bromacil. Herbicides accounted for approximately 62 percent of the number of pesticide detections in the FMC study area. Two herbicides, atrazine and simazine, were detected most frequently, in 100 percent of the surface-water samples. Fipronil sulfide was the most commonly detected insecticide-derived compound, occurring in 52 percent of the surface-water samples. Concentrations of one insecticide, dieldrin, exceeded the USEPA?s health advisory level for drinking water in one sample at FMC at Hewitt Park and in one sample at FMC below Springdale Road. Concentrations of carbaryl in two samples and malathion in one sample exceeded aquatic-life criteria. Only a few trace element concentrations measured in FMC exceeded established standards or criteria. Some concentrations of aluminum and manganese were above secondary drinking-water standards. One cadmium concentration and three selenium concentrations measured at FMC at Lewisburg exceeded ADEM chronic aquatic-life criteria. Streambed-sediment samples were collected at seven sites along FMC, and analyzed for selected semivolatile organic compounds and trace elements. Forty-nine of 98 semivolatile organic compounds were detected in stre

Gill, Amy C.; Robinson, John A.; Redmond, Jymalyn E.; Bradley, Michael W.

2008-01-01

6

Investigation of Water Quality and Aquatic-Community Structure in Village and Valley Creeks, City of Birmingham, Jefferson County, Alabama 2000-01  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. Geological Survey conducted a 16-month investigation of water quality, aquatic-community structure, bed sediment, and fish tissue in Village and Valley Creeks, two urban streams that drain areas of residential, commercial, and industrial land use in Birmingham, Alabama. Water-quality data were collected between February 2000 and March 2001 at four sites on Village Creek, three sites on Valley Creek, and at two reference sites near Birmingham, Fivemile Creek and Little Cahaba River, that drain less urbanized areas. The occurrence and distribution of chemical constituents in the water column and bed sediment provided an initial assessment of water quality in the streams. Aquatic-community structure, physical condition of fish, and analysis of fish tissue provided an indication of the cumulative effects of the water quality on the aquatic biota. Degraded water quality was seen at the more urbanized sites on Village and Valley Creeks. Elevated concentrations of nutrients, bacteria, trace elements, and organic contaminants were detected in the water column. Trace-element priority pollutants, pesticides, and other organic compounds were detected in higher concentrations in bed sediment and fish tissue at the Village and Valley Creek sites than at the reference site. The richness and density of the fish and benthic-invertebrate communities indicate that the integrity of the aquatic communities in Village and Valley Creeks is poor in comparison to that observed at the two reference sites. Correlations between land use and aquatic-community structure, water quality, bed sediment, and fish tissue were observed. The abundance of mayflies and the number of EPT (ephemeroptera, plecoptera, tricoptera) taxa were negatively correlated with industrial land use. The abundance of midges (an indicator of poor water quality) was positively correlated with industrial land use; the percentage of mosquitofishes (a tolerant species) was positively correlated with commercial land use. In contrast, the numbers of fish species, fish families, and the percentage of sunfishes (intolerant species) were positively correlated with forested land use, indicating that the more diverse fish communities were found in basins with a higher percentage of forested land. The concentrations of 12 water-quality constituents and 18 organic compounds detected in bed sediment were positively correlated with industrial land use. Mercury and molybdenum concentrations detected in fish-liver tissue also were positively correlated with industrial land use. The water quality and aquatic-community structure in Village and Valley Creeks are degraded in comparison to streams flowing through less urbanized areas. Decreased diversity and elevated concentrations of trace elements and organic contaminants in the water column, bed sediment, and fish tissues at Village and Valley Creeks are indicative of the effects of urbanization. Industrial land use, in particular, was significantly correlated to elevated contaminant levels in the water column, bed sediment, fish tissues, and to the declining health of the benthic-invertebrate communities. The results of this 16-month study have long-range watershed management implications, demonstrating the association between urban development and stream degradation. These data can serve as a baseline from which to determine the effectiveness of stream-restoration programs.

McPherson, A. K.

2002-12-01

7

Investigation of water quality and aquatic-community structure in Village and Valley Creeks, City of Birmingham, Jefferson County, Alabama, 2000-01  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey conducted a 16-month investigation of water quality, aquatic-community structure, bed sediment, and fish tissue in Village and Valley Creeks, two urban streams that drain areas of highly intensive residential, commercial, and industrial land use in Birmingham, Alabama. Water-quality data were collected between February 2000 and March 2001 at four sites on Village Creek, three sites on Valley Creek, and at two reference sites near Birmingham?Fivemile Creek and Little Cahaba River, both of which drain less-urbanized areas. Stream samples were analyzed for major ions, nutrients, fecal bacteria, trace and major elements, pesticides, and selected organic constituents. Bed-sediment and fish-tissue samples were analyzed for trace and major elements, pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, and additional organic compounds. Aquatic-community structure was evaluated by conducting one survey of the fish community and in-stream habitat and two surveys of the benthic-invertebrate community. Bed-sediment and fish-tissue samples, benthic-invertebrates, and habitat data were collected between June 2000 and October 2000 at six of the nine water-quality sites; fish communities were evaluated in April and May 2001 at the six sites where habitat and benthic-invertebrate data were collected. The occurrence and distribution of chemical constituents in the water column and bed sediment provided an initial assessment of water quality in the streams. The structure of the aquatic communities, the physical condition of the fish, and the chemical analyses of fish tissue provided an indication of the cumulative effects of water quality on the aquatic biota. Water chemistry was similar at all sites, characterized by strong calcium-bicarbonate component and magnesium components. Median concentrations of total nitrogen and total phosphorus were highest at the headwaters of Valley Creek and lowest at the reference site on Fivemile Creek. In Village Creek, median concentrations of nitrite and ammonia increased in a downstream direction. In Valley Creek, median concentrations of nitrate, nitrite, ammonia, organic nitrogen, suspended phosphorus, and orthophosphate decreased in a downstream direction. Median concentrations of Escherichia coli and fecal coliform bacteria were highest at the most upstream site of Valley Creek and lowest at the reference site on Fivemile Creek. Concentrations of enterococci exceeded the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency criterion in 80 percent of the samples; concentrations of Escherichia coli exceeded the criterion in 56 percent of the samples. Concentrations of bacteria at the downstream sites on Village and Valley Creeks were elevated during high flow rather than low flow, indicating the presence of nonpoint sources. Surface-water samples were analyzed for chemical compounds that are commonly found in wastewater and urban runoff. The median number of wastewater indicators was highest at the most upstream site on Valley Creek and lowest at the reference site on Fivemile Creek. Concentrations of total recoverable cadmium, copper, lead, and zinc in surface water exceeded acute and chronic aquatic life criteria in up to 24 percent of the samples that were analyzed for trace and major elements. High concentrations of trace and major elements in the water column were detected most frequently during high flow, indicating the presence of nonpoint sources. Of the 24 pesticides detected in surface water, 17 were herbicides and 7 were insecticides. Atrazine, simazine, and prometon were the most commonly detected herbicides; diazinon, chlorpyrifos, and carbaryl were the most commonly detected insecticides. Concentrations of atrazine, carbaryl, chlorpyrifos, diazinon, and malathion periodically exceeded criteria for the protection of aquatic life. Trace-element priority pollutants, pesticides, and other organic compounds were detected in higher concentrations in bed sediment at the Village and Valley Creek sites t

McPherson, Ann K.; Abrahamsen, Thomas A.; Journey, Celeste A.

2002-01-01

8

Jefferson County Secondary Data Analysis  

E-print Network

prevalence (Heart Attack) 3.4% 4.1% 6.0% All Sites Cancer 416.6 455.5 543.2 1 Community Health Data, MT American Diabetes Association (2012) Region 4 (Southwest) ­ Lewis and Clark, Granite, Powell, Deer Johnson Foundation (2012) Leading Causes of Death County1 Montana1,2 Nation2 1. Cancer 2. Heart Disease

Maxwell, Bruce D.

9

78 FR 62630 - Vantran Electric Corporation Site, Louisville, Jefferson County, GA; Notice of Settlement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CERCLA-04-2013-3765] Vantran Electric Corporation Site, Louisville, Jefferson County, GA; Notice of Settlement AGENCY: Environmental...concerning the Vantran Electric Corporation Site located in Louisville, Jefferson County, Georgia. The settlement addresses...

2013-10-22

10

Jefferson County Master Gardeners Presents: A Class on Grass  

E-print Network

Jefferson County Master Gardeners Presents: A Class on Grass Saturday, March 23, 2013 9:00 a, 2013 to present a class on how to make your grass look better, stay healthier and be more efficient. This is a special opportunity to get some first hand information from one of the leading turf grass experts

Stephens, Graeme L.

11

Oak Mountain High School, Shelby County, Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents design features of the Oak Mountain High School (Alabama) consisting of an academic side of classrooms, administration, and media center; and an activity side consisting of cafeteria, gymnasium, practice gym, and a theater. The school's floor plan and photos are included. (GR)

Design Cost Data, 2001

2001-01-01

12

Bedrock Geology of the Turkey Creek Drainage Basin, Jefferson County, Colorado  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This geospatial data set describes bedrock geology of the Turkey Creek drainage basin in Jefferson County, Colorado. It was digitized from maps of fault locations and geologic map units based on age and lithology. Created for use in the Jefferson County Mountain Ground-Water Resources Study, it is to be used at a scale no more detailed than 1:50,000.

Char, Stephen J.

2000-01-01

13

Groundwater management and protection Madison County, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Groundwater is extremely important to Madison County as it provides nearly three quarters of the county's drinking water. In recent years, Madison County has increasingly recognized the need to protect its groundwater resource. A supply of usable groundwater is one element of a high quality environment, which can help spur economic development and provide for the needs of a growing population. Without planning protection and understanding of possible consequences, however, economic development and population pressures can cause a gradual degradation of groundwater. In April 1987, the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) convened a local groundwater steering group in Madison County. At the first meeting the ground agreed upon these goals: (1) to seek incorporate groundwater protection into the planning and development process for Madison County, (2) to support efforts by Madison County to obtain authority to adopt zoning ordinances and subdivision regulations, and (3) to develop a groundwater management plan for the county. This report provides essential information needed in developing a plan and is based on the following assumptions: the citizens of Madison County value the environment in which they live and wish to protect it from pollution; continued economic development is necessary for a healthy local economy; and a healthy economy can be sustained and nurtured, without degradation of the groundwater resource, through countywide planning, education, and participation.

French, J.H.; Strunk, J.W.

1990-07-01

14

Geomorphology of coastal sand dunes, Baldwin County, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Alabama's coastal eolian deposits are primarily vegetated dunes that are exemplified by sand ridges with flat to undulating upper surfaces and continuous irregular crests. Dune fields occur along Morgan peninsula between the foredune line and Little Lagoon and the Mobile Bay area. These dune fields consist primarily of one or more continuous ridges that parallel the coast and are generally vegetaed to grassy. Washover of the beach and backshore during Hurricane Frederic (1979) and subsequent smaller scale storms resulted in significant erosion of many of Alabama's dune fields. The primary dunes or foredunes are beginning to recover from the effects of these storms; however, numerous breaks in the primary dune line are present. Sand dunes in coastal Alabama provide protection against storm-generated waves and washover. The foredunes are protected by adherence to a Coastal Construction Control Line (CCCL) or construction setback line identified by markers along coastal Baldwin County.

Bearden, Bennett L.; Hummell, Richard L.; Mink, Robert M.

1989-01-01

15

Ground-water resources data for Baldwin County, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Geologic and hydrologic data for 237 wells were collected, and water-levels in 223 wells in Baldwin and Escambia Counties were measured. Long-term water water-level data, available for many wells, indicate that ground-water levels in most of Baldwin County show no significant trends for the period of record. However, ground-water levels have declined in the general vicinity of Spanish Fort and Daphne, and ground-water levels in the Gulf Shores and Orange Beach areas are less than 5 feet above sea level in places. The quality of ground water generally is good, but problems with iron, sulfur, turbidity, and color occur. The water from most private wells in Baldwin County is used without treatment or filtration. Alabama public- health law requires that water from public-supply wells be chlorinated. Beyond that, the most common treatment of ground water by public-water suppliers in Baldwin County consists of pH adjustment, iron removal, and aeration. The transmissivity of the Miocene-Pliocene aquifer was determined at 10 locations in Baldwin County. Estimates of transmissivity ranged from 700 to 5,400 feet squared per day. In general, aquifer transmissivity was greatest in the southeastern part of the county, and least in the western part of the county near Mobile Bay. A storage coefficient of 1.5 x 10-3 was determined for the Miocene-Pliocene aquifer near Loxley.

Robinson, James L.; Moreland, Richard S.; Clark, Amy E.

1996-01-01

16

Evaluation of coastal wave attenuation due to viscous fluid sediment at Jefferson County, Texas  

E-print Network

This thesis is a two-part discussion concerning a Gulf of Mexico beach in Jefferson County, Texas. The first part involves collecting and analyzing shoreline evolution data for an ongoing Texas A&M University Ocean Engineering Program investigation...

Tuttle, Meghan I

2012-06-07

17

Alteration and vein mineralization, Ladwig uranium mine, Jefferson County, Colorado  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Uranium ore at the Ladwig mine, Jefferson County, Colo., occurs in steeply dipping, northwest-striking faults and related fractures with a carbonate-adularia assemblage that forms in altered wallrocks and fills veins. The faults occur between large intrusive pegmatites and garnetiferous gneisses of Precambrian age, and were reactivated as the result of the early Paleocene uplift of the Front Range foothills. Mineralization in the deposit includes both wallrock alteration and vein filling. Alteration was intense but local, and chiefly involved the carbonatization of mafic minerals in the wallrocks. Felsic minerals in the wallrocks are relatively unaltered. The veins are filled with an adularia-pitchblende-carbonate assemblage with minor related sulfides and coffinite. Many of the iron-bearing carbonates in both the alteration and vein assemblages have been altered to hematite. The mineralization and alteration are believed to have formed in response to initially high amounts of CO2 and the subsequent release of dissolved CO2 by boiling or effervescence. Uranium, carried in a dicarbonate complex, was precipitated directly as pitchblende when the CO2 was released. The expulsion of H+ during boiling created a net oxidizing environment which oxidized the iron-bearing carbonates. Late stage calcite and sulfides were deposited in existing voids in the veins.

Wallace, Alan R.

1979-01-01

18

Lead and mercury levels in raccoons from Macon County, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Heavy metal contamination in the environment has become a major concern of the scientific community. The ubiquitous present of heavy metals such as lead, mercury, and cadmium in wildlife animals has been reported. Although the understanding of the full significance of these metals is incomplete, it is known that some species contain concentrations of metals proportional to the levels present in their environments. Thus, wild animals can be used as biological indicators of environmental concentrations of metals. The behavior, omnivorous feeding habits, and adaptability of raccoons (Procyon lotor) qualify this animal as a useful indicator of environmental pollution. The purpose of this paper was to report some preliminary observations on lead and mercury levels in raccoons from Macon County, Alabama, a potential indicator species for wildlife. 19 refs., 3 tabs.

Khan, A.T.; Thompson, S.J. [Tuskegee Univ., AL (United States); Mieike, H.W. [Xavier Univ. of Louisiana, New Orleans, LA (United States)

1995-06-01

19

Problem: Computer Science not Taught in Most Alabama High Schools  

E-print Network

Problem: Computer Science not Taught in Most Alabama High Schools · According to the Alabama; this is not Computer Science! · Within Jefferson county, less than a handful of high schools teach Computer Science will involve computing. · High school graduates in the 21st century cannot afford to be ignorant of Computer

Gray, Jeffrey G.

20

Alabama  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What can we learn about Alabama?s economy, bodies of water, population, and residents? First, use the Idea Wheel and label each section of the circle as the following: Population, Famous Alabamian, Economy, and Bodies of Water. Now go to Information on Economy and find out about Alabama's economy. Locate where it says "Agriculture " and " Industry." List in your Idea Wheel a few of the items that Alabama produces. Next, ...

Msblackmon

2012-04-05

21

78 FR 14414 - The Alabama Great Southern Railroad Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Gadsden, Etowah County, Ala...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Alabama Great Southern Railroad Company (AGS) and Tennessee, Alabama, and Georgia...1152 subpart F--Exempt Abandonments for AGS and TAG to abandon service over approximately...Gadsden, Etowah County, Ala. Specifically, AGS proposes to: (1) Abandon 3.10...

2013-03-05

22

The Jefferson County Effective Schools Project: Description and Analysis of Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1982-83 the Jefferson County Public Schools (Kentucky) (JCPS) implemented a pilot effective schools project for 10 elementary buildings, based on the inservice program, "Creating Effective Schools," by Brookover and others (1982). This paper provides an overview of the origin of the program in JCPS, how the program was conducted, and a brief…

Miller, Stephen K.; And Others

23

Preliminary Geologic Map of the Uncas 7.5' Quadrangle, Callam and Jefferson Counties, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

These are the digital files used to create the map in USGS OFR 99-421. The 1:24,000 scale map shows the bedrock and surficial deposts of the Uncas 7.5' quadrangle, Clallam and Jefferson counties, Washington. Digital files include ARC/Info coverages in export format of geology, and strike and dip information.

Haeussler, Peter J.; Yount, Jim C.; Wells, Ray E.

1999-01-01

24

Evaluation of the ECC/GT Programs in Jefferson County Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Exploring Careers in the Community for Gifted and Talented (ECC/GT) program is conducted in Jefferson County, Colorado junior high schools to provide an 18-week career exploration component for gifted/talented students. The program provides gifted/talented students 3 hours a day to participate in interviewing community members about their…

Owens, Thomas R.

25

Potentiometric surface of the Miocene-Pliocene aquifer system of Baldwin County, Alabama, 1995  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Baldwin County, the fastest growing county in Alabama in 1995, is 100-percent dependent on ground water for public water supply. Ground-water withdrawals in Baldwin County were estimated to be about 7 million gallons per day in 1996, 12 million gallons per day in 1980, and 30 gallons per day in 1990. The effects of future increases in ground-water withdrawals, to supply the needs of the growing county population, cannot be assessed without defining baseline conditions. To address the future of ground-water development, the Baldwin County Commission requested the USGS to perform a study of the ground-water resources of Baldwin County.

Robinson, James L.; Moreland, Richard S.; Clark, Amy E.

1996-01-01

26

Use of Satellite Data to Study the Impact of Land-Cover/Land-Use Change in Madison County Alabama.  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Remote sensing was used to analyze and study land-use/land-cover use changes impact on the environment of Madison County Alabama. This study area was selected because it is one of the fastest growing counties in the state of Alabama. The study used data sets obtained from several sources. Remote sen...

27

Health InfoNet of Jefferson County: collaboration in consumer health information service.  

PubMed

Health InfoNet of Jefferson County is a new collaborative consumer health information service of the Jefferson County public libraries and the UAB Lister Hill Library of the Health Sciences. Working with the input and cooperation of local voluntary health agencies, health care professionals and other health information providers, the intent is to improve the efficiency with which consumers might access such information while avoiding duplication of effort on the part of the information providers. Various considerations in InfoNet's mission include providing service not only to established library and Internet users, but also those on the other side of the "digital divide" as well as those with low literacy skills or English as a second language. The role of health care professionals in guiding their patients to the best consumer health information resources is emphasized. PMID:11757392

Smith, K H

2001-01-01

28

Assessment of aquatic macroinvertebrate communities in the Autauga Creek watershed, Autauga County, Alabama, 2009  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Only four families within the Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, and Trichoptera orders were found during a 1999 survey of aquatic macroinvertebrates in Autauga Creek, Autauga County, Alabama, by the Alabama Department of Environmental Management. The low number of taxa of Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, and Trichoptera families indicated that the aquatic macroinvertebrate community was in poor condition, and the creek was placed on the Alabama Department of Environmental Management 303(d) list. The U.S. Geological Survey conducted a study in 2009 to provide data for the Alabama Department of Environmental Management and other water management agencies to re-evaluate aquatic macroinvertebrate communities in Autauga Creek to see if they meet Alabama Department of Environmental Management water-quality criteria. Aquatic macroinvertebrate communities were evaluated at three sites in the Autauga Creek watershed. Macroinvertebrates were sampled at two sites on Autauga Creek and one on Bridge Creek, the largest tributary to Autauga Creek. Water-quality field parameters were assessed at 11 sites. During the 2009 sampling, 12 families within the orders of Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, Trichoptera were found at the Alabama Department of Environmental Management's assessment site whereas only four were found in 1999. The upstream site on Autauga Creek had consistently higher numbers of taxa than the Bridge Creek site and the lower site on Autauga Creek which is the Alabama Department of Environmental Management's assessment site. Chironomid richness was noticeably higher on the two Autauga Creek sites than the Bridge Creek site.

Mooty, Will S.; Gill, Amy C.

2011-01-01

29

Diagenesis of Upper Jurassic Norphlet Formation, Mobile and Baldwin Counties and offshore Alabama  

SciTech Connect

The Upper Jurassic Norphlet Formation is an important deep gas reservoir in Mobile and Baldwin Counties and offshore Alabama. The producing reservoir consists of a well-sorted fine-grained subarkose to arkose. Sedimentological studies indicate this unit was deposited on a broad desert plain in environments ranging from eolian dune and interdune to wadi and beach-shoreface. Diagenetic minerals comprise from 5 to 20% of the bulk volume of the sandstone. Porosity ranges from less than 3% to more than 25% and averages around 10%. Most of the porosity consists of hybrid solution-enlarged intergranular and intragranular pores resulting from the dissolution of cements, framework grains, and grain replacements.

Vaughan, R.L. Jr.; Benson, D.J.

1988-09-01

30

Subaqueous evaporites of Buckner member, Haynesville Formation, northeastern Mobile County, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

The lower part of the Buckner anhydrite member of the Haynesville Formation (Upper Jurassic) was deposited as shallowing upward cycles of subaqueous to subaerial deposits on the north flank of the Wiggins arch in northeastern Mobile County, Alabama. The unit studied conformably overlies the Smackover Formation and is generally evaporite dominated. The Buckner anhydrite averages about 35 m (115 ft) thick and has been buried to depths of 5.5 km (> 18,000 ft). Despite this deep burial, the unit has suffered little deformation since alteration of gypsum to anhydrite.

Mann, S.D.

1988-09-01

31

Natural radioactivity in geothermal waters, Alhambra Hot Springs and nearby areas, Jefferson County, Montana  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Radioactive hot springs issue from a fault zone in crystalline rock of the Boulder batholith at Alhambra, Jefferson County, in southwestern Montana. The discharge contains high concentrations of radon, and the gross alpha activity and the concentration of adium-226 exceed maximum levels recommended by the Environmental Protection Agency for drinking water. Part of the discharge is diverted for space heating, bathing, and domestic use. The radioactive thermal waters at measured temperatures of about 60°C are of the sodium bicarbonate type and saturated with respect to calcium carbonate. Radium-226 in the rock and on fractured surfaces or coprecipitated with calcium carbonate probably is the principal source of radon that is dissolved in the thermal water and discharged with other gases from some wells and springs. Local surface water and shallow ground water are of the calcium bicarbonate type and exhibit low background activity. The temperature, percent sodium, and radioactivity of mixed waters adjacent to the fault zone increase with depth. Samples from most of the major hot springs in southwestern Montana have been analyzed for gross alpha and beta activity. The high level of radioactivity at Alhambra appears to be related to leaching of radioactive material from siliceous veins by ascending thermal waters and is not a normal characteristic of hot springs issuing from fractured crystalline rock in Montana.

Leonard, Robert B.; Janzer, Victor J.

1978-01-01

32

Digital Data Set of Orchards Where Arsenical Pesticides Were Likely Used in Clarke and Frederick Counties, Virginia, and Berkeley and Jefferson Counties, West Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This Fact Sheet provides information on a digital data set that identifies orchard areas under cultivation between the 1920s and 1960s in Clarke and Frederick Counties, Virginia and Berkeley and Jefferson Counties, West Virginia. The apple orchards in these areas likely used arsenical pesticides during this time. The digital data set can be used in a geographic information system (GIS) to identify where elevated arsenic and lead concentrations may be present in soils. The digital data set, the associated metadata, and the related files are available on the World Wide Web at http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2006/1330/shapefile/.

Reed, Bradley W.; Larkins, Peter; Robinson, Gilpin R.

2006-01-01

33

Building District Capacity for System-Wide Instructional Improvement in Jefferson County Public Schools. Working Paper. GE Foundation "Developing Futures"™ in Education Evaluation Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes findings from one component of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education's (CPRE) evaluation of the General Electric Foundation's (GEF) "Developing Futures"™ in Education program in Jefferson County Public Schools (JCPS). As described in the CPRE proposal and research design, the purpose was to…

Darfler, Anne; Riggan, Matt

2013-01-01

34

Environmental assessment for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Big Hill facility storage of commercial crude oil project, Jefferson County, Texas  

SciTech Connect

The Big Hill SPR facility located in Jefferson County, Texas has been a permitted operating crude oil storage site since 1986 with benign environmental impacts. However, Congress has not authorized crude oil purchases for the SPR since 1990, and six storage caverns at Big Hill are underutilized with 70 million barrels of available storage capacity. On February 17, 1999, the Secretary of Energy offered the 70 million barrels of available storage at Big Hill for commercial use. Interested commercial users would enter into storage contracts with DOE, and DOE would receive crude oil in lieu of dollars as rental fees. The site could potentially began to receive commercial oil in May 1999. This Environmental Assessment identified environmental changes that potentially would affect water usage, power usage, and air emissions. However, as the assessment indicates, changes would not occur to a major degree affecting the environment and no long-term short-term, cumulative or irreversible impacts have been identified.

NONE

1999-03-01

35

78 FR 57852 - Warrior Rosin Spill Superfund Site, Holt, Tuscaloosa County, Alabama ; Notice of Settlement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Liability Act (CERCLA), the United States Environmental Protection Agency has entered into a settlement with the Warrior Asphalt Company of Alabama, Inc. addressing past costs concerning the Warrior Rosin Spill Superfund Site located in Holt,...

2013-09-20

36

TREE CANOPY ON EAST SIDE OF SOUTH JEFFERSON STREET FACING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

TREE CANOPY ON EAST SIDE OF SOUTH JEFFERSON STREET FACING NORTH ON SOUTH JEFFERSON STREET - South Albany Historic District, Bounded by South Jefferson Street, Highland Avenue & Whitney Avenue, Albany, Dougherty County, GA

37

40 CFR 81.58 - Columbus (Georgia)-Phenix City (Alabama) Interstate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...located within the outermost boundaries of the area so delimited): In the State of Alabama: Autauga County, Bullock County, Butler County, Crenshaw County, Elmore County, Lee County, Lowndes County, Macon County, Montgomery County, Pike County,...

2010-07-01

38

The Frisco City sandstone, North Frisco City (Paramount) field, Monroe County, Alabama: a case study of net pay and permeability anisotrophy evaluation related to geology  

E-print Network

reservoir. I measured the permeability of two cored intervals of the McCall 25-9 well, located in the North Frisco City sandstone, Paramount field, Monroe County, Alabama, with a probe permeameter. To compare and contrast net-pay and permeability...

Menke, Janice Yvonne

2002-01-01

39

Effects of Potential Changes in Groundwater Withdrawals from the Sparta Aquifer on Water-Level Altitudes in Jefferson County, Arkansas  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A groundwater-flow model of the Sparta aquifer was used to evaluate changes in water-level altitudes associated with the withdrawal of groundwater at varying rates from a well field near Pine Bluff, Arkansas, in Jefferson County. Water-level altitudes at three different model cell locations from five different scenarios for varying withdrawal rates from the well field were compared for the period 1998 to 2048. The three model cells used for the comparison were located (1) near the center of the well field, (2) near the center of the city of Pine Bluff (about 5 miles west of the center of the well field), and (3) about 15 miles north of the well field. Pumping rates at the well field were varied from 7.2 million gallons per day to 27 million gallons per day for the five scenarios analyzed, and water-level hydrographs were constructed for each scenario for each of the three model cell locations. Water-level altitudes near the center of the well field changed the most of the three model cell locations analyzed. Water-level altitudes were approximately 90 feet higher for the 7.2 million gallon per day scenario in 2048 compared to the baseline scenario of 25.4 million gallons per day. Whereas, water-level altitudes at the same location were 9 feet lower for the 27 million gallon per day scenario in 2048 compared to the baseline scenario.

Czarnecki, John B.

2009-01-01

40

77 FR 11533 - Anniston PCB Superfund Site, Anniston, Calhoun County, Alabama; Notice of Amended Settlement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CERCLA-04-2012-3763; FRL 9637-7] Anniston PCB Superfund Site, Anniston, Calhoun County...past response costs concerning the Anniston PCB Superfund Site located in Anniston, Calhoun...Submit your comments by Site name Anniston PCB by one of the following methods:...

2012-02-27

41

Digital Data Set of Orchards Where Arsenical Pesticides Were Likely Used in Clarke and Frederick Counties, Virginia, and Berkeley and Jefferson Counties, West Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This data set shows orchard locations in Clarke and Frederick Counties, Virginia and Berkeley and Jefferson Counties, West Virginia where arsenical pesticides were likely used. The orchard locations are based on air photos and topographic maps prepared using information from the time period of extensive use of arsenical pesticides between the 1920s and 1960s. An orchard's presence in this data set does not necessarily indicate the use of arsenical pesticides on the site or that elevated arsenic and metal concentrations are present. Arsenical pesticides may have been used on part, or none, of the land and, under current land use, the land may have been remediated and no longer contain elevated arsenic and metal concentrations in soil. The data set was created to be used in an assessment of soil contamination related to past use of arsenical pesticides in orchards in the northern part of the Great Valley region, Virginia and West Virginia. Previous studies have documented that elevated concentrations of arsenic, lead, and sometimes copper occur in the soils of former apple orchards (Veneman et al., 1983; Jones and Hatch, 1937). Arsenical pesticide use was most extensive and widespread in agricultural applications from the 1920s to the late 1950s, and largely ceased agricultural use by the early 1960s in the nation. During this time period, lead arsenate was the most extensively used arsenical pesticide (Peryea, 1998), particularly in apple orchards. Other metal-bearing pesticides, such as copper acetoarsenite (Paris Green), Bordeaux Blue (a mixture of copper sulfate and calcium hydroxide), and organic mercury fumigants were used to a lesser degree in orchards (Peryea, 1998; Shepard, 1939; Veneman et al., 1983). During the time arsenical pesticides were extensively used, federal and state pesticide laws did not require farmers to keep accurate records of the quantity, location, and type of arsenical pesticides used on their property, thus the quantity and distribution of this past arsenical pesticide use is not known in the region. Based on estimates from other areas (D'Angelo et al., 1996), cumulate application over the period of arsenical pesticide use may have been as much as 22.4 g/m2 of arsenic and 100 g/m2 of lead in orchard areas. In minimally disturbed orchard soils, arsenic and lead are largely retained in the top few centimeters of the soil horizon; intra-soil redistribution of these metals occurs but appears to be limited (Veneman et al. 1983; Peryea, 1998). Surface concentrations of arsenic and lead in undisturbed orchard soils where arsenical pesticides were used commonly exceed 20 mg/kg As and 100 mg/kg Pb (Veneman et al., 1983; Jones and Hatch, 1937). The digital data set of orchard locations was used to aid assessment of the likely occurrence and distribution of arsenical pesticide residues in surface soils. Most areas of orchard cultivation were sited in areas overlying carbonate bedrock in the Valley and Ridge province. This data set needed to be created since there was no reliable and complete land cover data set identifying areas under orchard cultivation during the time period of extensive use of arsenical pesticides in the study area as of the time of the study. The spatial database of orchard areas was compiled using twenty-seven USGS 7.5 minute series topographical maps covering the study area of Clarke and Frederick Counties, Virginia, and Berkeley and Jefferson Counties, West Virginia. These maps were published between 1943 and 1972 at 1:24,000 scale, with the oldest topographic map available from the US Geological Survey map archive for each area being chosen, going back only as far as the 1920s when use of arsenical pesticides started. Orchard areas on the topographic maps were traced in order to aid in the digitization of the sites. The topographic maps were then scanned and geographically referenced using ERDAS Imagine version 8.7, a raster editing program, turning them into rectifi

Reed, Bradley W.; Larkins, Peter; Robinson, Gilpin R.

2006-01-01

42

Mineralogy and paragenesis of the McAllister Sn-Ta-bearing pegmatite, Coosa County, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The McAllister Sn-Ta deposit (Alabama) is localized in a complex pegmatite that contains large zones of mineralized late-stage replacement-type saccharoidal albite and nearly monomineralic muscovite 'greisen-like' pipes. The dyke is at least 450 m long and averages approximately 9 m in thickness. At least two 'greisen-like' pipes, as much as 7.6 m by 4.5 m in cross-section and extending at least 76 m down a steep easterly pitch, occur near the center of the dyke. The dyke is hosted by an approximately 300-Ma-old pluton of a group referred to as the Rockford Granite, a mesozonal to epizonal two-mica, peraluminous tin-bearing granite. The pluton is genetically affiliated with a well-defined sequence of simple to complex pegmatite dykes and quartz-casiterite veins that occur near its margin and within the immediately adjacent metasedimentary rocks of the Wedowee Group.

Foord, Eugene E.; Cook, Robert B.

1989-01-01

43

Depositional history of the Smackover Formation, Appleton Field, Escambia County, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Appleton Field is a Smackover field situated above two pre-Mesozoic paleohighs near the updip limit of the Smackover in the Conecuh Embayment of southwestern Alabama, Smackover deposition in Appleton Field was influenced by both pre-Smackover paleotopography and sea level fluctuation. Fourteen lithofacies were identified in the Smackover and the overlying Buckner Anhydrite Member of the Haynesville Formation. These lithofacies were deposited in three depositional stages (early, middle, and late Smackover) that correspond to periods dominated by marine transgression, aggradation, and ultimately progradation. Early Smackover deposition accompanied a rapid sea level rise that inundated the paleohighs. Rapid sedimentation produced a system that was first transgressive and then aggradational in nature. Algal patch reefs developed around the periphery of the paleohighs and onlapped the structures as sea level rose. Middle Smackover deposition was the result of a decrease in the rate of sea level rise. Tidal flat, lagoon, and shoal complexes formed across topographically higher parts of the field, while subwavebase sediments were deposited off structure. Short-term sea level fluctuations produced seven shallowing-upward packages. During Late Smackover deposition long term sea level was relatively stable allowing the Smackover to aggrade and prograde. Upper Smackover deposits are peritidal dominated. Short-term sea level fluctuations again produced shallowing upward packages capped in crestal locations by exposure surfaces. With continued sedimentation, supratidal sabkhas formed over the crests of the paleohighs and prograded offstructure during early Buckner deposition. Short term fluctuations in sea level produced a series of shallowing upward sabkha cycles. Development of coastal salinas or restriction of the northern Conecuh Embayment led to deposition of subaqueous evaporites in the upper Buckner.

Benson, D.J.; Pultz, L.M.; Bruner, D.D.; Lu, G. [Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States)

1996-12-31

44

Depositional history of the Smackover Formation, Appleton Field, Escambia County, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Appleton Field is a Smackover field situated above two pre-Mesozoic paleohighs near the updip limit of the Smackover in the Conecuh Embayment of southwestern Alabama, Smackover deposition in Appleton Field was influenced by both pre-Smackover paleotopography and sea level fluctuation. Fourteen lithofacies were identified in the Smackover and the overlying Buckner Anhydrite Member of the Haynesville Formation. These lithofacies were deposited in three depositional stages (early, middle, and late Smackover) that correspond to periods dominated by marine transgression, aggradation, and ultimately progradation. Early Smackover deposition accompanied a rapid sea level rise that inundated the paleohighs. Rapid sedimentation produced a system that was first transgressive and then aggradational in nature. Algal patch reefs developed around the periphery of the paleohighs and onlapped the structures as sea level rose. Middle Smackover deposition was the result of a decrease in the rate of sea level rise. Tidal flat, lagoon, and shoal complexes formed across topographically higher parts of the field, while subwavebase sediments were deposited off structure. Short-term sea level fluctuations produced seven shallowing-upward packages. During Late Smackover deposition long term sea level was relatively stable allowing the Smackover to aggrade and prograde. Upper Smackover deposits are peritidal dominated. Short-term sea level fluctuations again produced shallowing upward packages capped in crestal locations by exposure surfaces. With continued sedimentation, supratidal sabkhas formed over the crests of the paleohighs and prograded offstructure during early Buckner deposition. Short term fluctuations in sea level produced a series of shallowing upward sabkha cycles. Development of coastal salinas or restriction of the northern Conecuh Embayment led to deposition of subaqueous evaporites in the upper Buckner.

Benson, D.J.; Pultz, L.M.; Bruner, D.D.; Lu, G. (Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States))

1996-01-01

45

Alabama SEP Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect

Executive Summary In the fall of 2010, the Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs (ADECA) launched the Multi-State Model for Catalyzing the National Home Energy Retrofit Market Project (Multi-State Project). This residential energy efficiency pilot program was a collaborative effort among the states of Alabama, Massachusetts, Virginia, and Washington, and was funded by competitive State Energy Program (SEP) awards through the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The objective of this project was to catalyze the home energy efficiency retrofit market in select areas within the state of Alabama. To achieve this goal, the project addressed a variety of marketplace elements that did not exist, or were underdeveloped, at the outset of the effort. These included establishing minimum standards and credentials for marketplace suppliers, educating and engaging homeowners on the benefits of energy efficiency and addressing real or perceived financial barriers to investments in whole-home energy efficiency, among others. The anticipated effect of the activities would be increased market demand for retrofits, improved audit to retrofit conversion rates and growth in overall community understanding of energy efficiency. The four-state collaborative was created with the intent of accelerating market transformation by allowing each state to learn from their peers, each of whom possessed different starting points, resources, and strategies for achieving the overall objective. The four partner states engaged the National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) to oversee a project steering committee and to manage the project evaluation for all four states. The steering committee, comprised of key program partners, met on a regular basis to provide overall project coordination, guidance, and progress assessment. While there were variances in program design among the states, there were several common elements: use of the Energy Performance Score (EPS) platform; an audit and home energy rating tool; emphasis on community based coordination and partnerships; marketing and outreach to increase homeowner participation; training for market actors; access to financing options including rebates, incentives, and loan products; and an in depth process evaluation to support continual program improvement and analysis. In Alabama, Nexus Energy Center operated energy efficiency retrofit programs in Huntsville and Birmingham. In the Huntsville community the AlabamaWISE program was available in five Alabama counties: Cullman, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, and Morgan. In Birmingham, the program was available to residents in Jefferson and Shelby Counties. In both communities, the program was similar in terms of program design but tailored marketing and partnerships to address the unique local conditions and population of each community. ADECA and the Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance (SEEA) provided overall project management services and common resources to the local program administrator Nexus Energy Center, including contracted services for contractor training, quality assurance testing, data collection and reporting, and compliance. The fundamental components of the AlabamaWISE program included a vertical contractor-based business model; comprehensive energy assessments; third-party quality assurance; rebates for installation of energy saving measures; accessible, low-interest financing; targeted and inbound marketing; Energy Performance Score (EPS) tool to engage and educate homeowners; training for auditors, contractors, and real estate professionals; and online resources for education and program enrollment. Program participants were eligible to receive rebates or financing toward the assessments and upgrades to their home provided they reached at least 20 percent deemed or modeled energy savings. The design of each program focused on addressing several known barriers including: limited homeowner knowledge on the benefits of energy efficiency, lack of financing options, lack of community support for energy efficiency programs, and

Grimes, Elizabeth M.

2014-06-30

46

Hydrologic conditions and assessment of water resources in the Turkey Creek watershed, Jefferson County, Colorado, 1998-2001  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The 47.2-square-mile Turkey Creek watershed, in Jefferson County southwest of Denver, Colorado, is relatively steep with about 4,000 feet of relief and is in an area of fractured crystalline rocks of Precambrian age. Water needs for about 4,900 households in the watershed are served by domestic wells and individual sewage-disposal systems. Hydrologic conditions are described on the basis of contemporary hydrologic and geologic data collected in the watershed from early spring 1998 through September 2001. The water resources are assessed using discrete fracture-network modeling to estimate porosity and a physically based, distributed-parameter watershed runoff model to develop estimates of water-balance terms. A variety of climatologic and hydrologic data were collected. Direct measurements of evapotranspiration indicate that a large amount (3 calendar-year mean of 82.9 percent) of precipitation is returned to the atmosphere. Surface-water records from January 1, 1999, through September 30, 2001, indicate that about 9 percent of precipitation leaves the watershed as streamflow in a seasonal pattern, with highest streamflows generally occurring in spring related to snowmelt and precipitation. Although conditions vary considerably within the watershed, overall watershed streamflow, based on several records collected during the 1940's, 1950's, 1980', and 1990's near the downstream part of watershed, can be as high as about 200 cubic feet per second on a daily basis during spring. Streamflow typically recedes to about 1 cubic foot per second or less during rainless periods and is rarely zero. Ground-water level data indicate a seasonal pattern similar to that of surface water in which water levels are highest, rising tens of feet in some locations, in the spring and then receding during rainless periods at relatively constant rates until recharged. Synoptic measurements of water levels in 131 mostly domestic wells in fall of 2001 indicate a water-table surface that conforms to topography. Analyses of reported well-construction records indicate a median reported well yield of 4 gallons per minute and a spatial distribution for reported well yield that has relatively uniform conditions of small-scale variability. Results from quarterly samples collected in water year 1999 at about 112 wells and 22 streams indicate relatively concentrated calcium-bicarbonate to calcium-chloride type water that has a higher concentration of chloride than would be expected on the basis of chloride content in precipitation and evapotranspiration rates. Comparison of the 1999 data to similar data collected in the 1970's indicates that concentrations for many constituents appear to have increased. Reconnaissance sampling in the fall of 2000 indicates that most ground water in the watershed was recharged recently, although some ground water was recharged more than 50 years ago. Additional reconnaissance sampling in the spring and fall of 2001 identified some compounds indicative of human wastewater in ground water and surface water. Outcrop fracture measurements were used to estimate potential porosities in three rock groups (metamorphic, intrusive, and fault zone) that have distinct fracture characteristics. The characterization, assuming a uniform aperture size of 100 microns, indicates very low potential fracture porosities, on the order of hundredths of a percent for metamorphic and intrusive rocks and up to about 2 percent for fault-zone rocks. A fourth rock group, Pikes Peak Granite, was defined on the basis of weathering characteristics. Short-term continuous and synoptic measurements of streamflow were used to describe base-flow characteristics in areas of the watershed underlain by each of the four rock groups and are the basis for characterization of base flow in a physically based, distributed-parameter watershed model. The watershed model, the Precipitation-Runoff Modeling System (PRMS), was used to characterize hydrologic conditions

Bossong, Clifford R.; Caine, Jonathan Saul; Stannard, David I.; Flynn, Jennifer L.; Stevens, Michael R.; Heiny-Dash, Janet S.

2003-01-01

47

Comparison of NLCD with NWI Classifications of Baldwin and Mobile Counties, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

An assessment of the accuracy of National Land Cover Data 2001 as compared to National Wetlands Inventory mapping of Mobile and Baldwin Counties conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) National Wetlands Research Center (NWRC). Both classifications were checked against stratified randomly selected ground-based sites and with each other to compare the accuracy of the NLCD with NWI classification methods. For this accuracy comparison, numerous visits were made by photointerpreters to the Mobile Bay area to establish signatures for the modified NWI mapping. After all of the quadrangles in Baldwin and Mobile Counties were mapped, an accuracy assessment of those maps was conducted by field-checking the mapped classes with ground-based check sites. These same sites were used to check the accuracy of the NLCD and also as the basis for cross-walking the NLCD and NWI classification systems for direct comparison of the two methods. This accuracy assessment is dependent on a methodology and analysis developed for the unique characteristics and properties of NWI classification, which is mapped to polygon, as compared to NLCD, which uses raster classification and mapping. This cartographic presentation results in fundamentally different classification boundaries. Overlaying these map types cannot prevent boundary differences resulting in a tremendous proliferation of sliver polygons. The intersection of both maps resulted in three-quarters of a million polygons, nearly half of which were less than the 900-m2 pixel size used in NLCD mapping (the smaller of the minimum mapping units of NWI and NLCD versus NWI mapping was about 0.5 ha). It is the authors' opinion that this cartographic difference needs to be more fully explored before accepting the accuracy difference between NWI and NLCD presented here at face value.

Handley, Larry; Wells, Chris

2009-01-01

48

Age and source of water in springs associated with the Jacksonville Thrust Fault Complex, Calhoun County, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Water from wells and springs accounts for more than 90 percent of the public water supply in Calhoun County, Alabama. Springs associated with the Jacksonville Thrust Fault Complex are used for public water supply for the cities of Anniston and Jacksonville. The largest ground-water supply is Coldwater Spring, the primary source of water for Anniston, Alabama. The average discharge of Coldwater Spring is about 32 million gallons per day, and the variability of discharge is about 75 percent. Water-quality samples were collected from 6 springs and 15 wells in Calhoun County from November 2001 to January 2003. The pH of the ground water typically was greater than 6.0, and specific conductance was less than 300 microsiemens per centimeter. The water chemistry was dominated by calcium, carbonate, and bicarbonate ions. The hydrogen and oxygen isotopic composition of the water samples indicates the occurrence of a low-temperature, water-rock weathering reaction known as silicate hydrolysis. The residence time of the ground water, or ground-water age, was estimated by using analysis of chlorofluorocarbon, sulfur hexafluoride, and regression modeling. Estimated ground-water ages ranged from less than 10 to approximately 40 years, with a median age of about 18 years. The Spearman rho test was used to identify statistically significant covariance among selected physical properties and constituents in the ground water. The alkalinity, specific conductance, and dissolved solids increased as age increased; these correlations reflect common changes in ground-water quality that occur with increasing residence time and support the accuracy of the age estimates. The concentration of sodium and chloride increased as age increased; the correlation of these constituents is interpreted to indicate natural sources for chloride and sodium. The concentration of silica increased as the concentration of potassium increased; this correlation, in addition to the isotopic data, is evidence that silicate hydrolysis of clay minerals occurred. The geochemical modeling program NETPATH was used to investigate possible mixing scenarios that could yield the chemical composition of water collected from springs associated with the Jacksonville Thrust Fault Complex. The results of NETPATH modeling suggest that the primary source of water in Coldwater Spring is a deep aquifer, and only small amounts of rainwater from nearby sources are discharged from the spring. Starting with Piedmont Sports Spring and moving southwest along a conceptual ground-water flow path that parallels the Jacksonville Thrust Fault Complex, NETPATH simulated the observed water quality of each spring, in succession, by mixing rainwater and water from the spring just to the northeast of the spring being modeled. The percentage of rainwater and ground water needed to simulate the quality of water flowing from the springs ranged from 1 to 25 percent rainwater and 75 to 99 percent ground water.

Robinson, James L.

2004-01-01

49

Assessment of water-quality conditions in the J.B. Converse Lake watershed, Mobile County, Alabama, 1990-98  

USGS Publications Warehouse

J.B. Converse (Converse) Lake is a 3,600-acre, tributary-storage reservoir in Mobile County, southwestern Alabama. The lake serves as the primary drinking-water supply for the city of Mobile. The Converse Lake watershed lies within the Coastal Plain Physiographic Province. Semiconsolidated to unconsolidated sediments of sand, silt, gravel, and clay underlie the watershed, and are covered by acidic soils. Land use in the watershed is mainly forest (64 percent) and agriculture (31 percent). Residential and commercial development account for only 1 percent of the total land use in the watershed. Converse Lake receives inflow from seven major tributaries. The greatest inflows are from Big Creek, Crooked Creek, and Hamilton Creek that had mean annual streamflows of 72.2, 19.4, and 25.0 cubic feet per second, respectively, for the period 1990 to 1998, which represents about 72 percent of the total annual streamflow to the lake. The total mean annual inflow to the lake is estimated to be about 163 cubic feet per second. In general, water quality in Converse Lake and its tributaries meets the criteria established by the Alabama Department of Environmental Management (ADEM) for drinking-water supplies, whole-body contact, and aquatic life. The exceptions include acidic pH levels, iron and manganese levels above secondary or aesthetic criteria, and fecal bacterial levels in some tributaries above whole-body contact (swimmable) criteria. The pH levels throughout the watershed were commonly below the criteria level of 6.0, but this appears to have been a naturally occurring phenomenon caused by poorly buffered soil types, resistant sediments, and forested land use. Median iron and manganese levels were above aesthetic criteria levels of 300 and 50 micrograms per liter, respectively, in some tributaries. All tributary sites in the Converse Lake watershed had median and minimum dissolved-oxygen concentrations above the ADEM criteria level of 5 milligrams per liter except for Boggy Branch, which had a minimum dissolved-oxygen concentration of 3.7 milligrams per liter. The degree to which nutrient contributions from tributaries were causing nutrient enrichment and eutrophication in Converse Lake was assessed. Trend analysis detected little or no change in nutrient concentrations at the tributary and lake sites in the Converse Lake watershed from the 1991 to 1998 water years. Nutrient concentrations at most tributary sites exhibited a significant, positive relation with streamflow that indicated the dominant source of nutrient input to the watershed is from nonpoint contributions. From 1990 to 1998, computed mean annual loads of 75,400 kilograms of total nitrogen, 36,950 kilograms of total Kjeldahl nitrogen, 28,870 kilograms of total inorganic nitrogen, and 3,480 kilograms of total phosphorus were contributed to the lake by Big Creek, Hamilton Creek, and Crooked Creek combined. These mean annual loads of nutrients corresponded to borderline eutrophic/mesotrophic conditions in the lake. Of the combined loads, 62 percent of the total nitrogen, 70 percent of the total Kjeldahl nitrogen, 54 percent of the total inorganic nitrogen, and 47 percent of the total phosphorus originated from the forested subbasin of Big Creek. The more residential and agricultural subbasins of Crooked Creek and Hamilton Creek, however, yielded over twice the total phosphorus load per hectare of land use. Crooked and Hamilton Creek subbasins also had higher yields of the more bioavailable total inorganic nitrogen. A simplistic empirical model could not explain the relation between year-to-year nutrient contributions to Converse Lake from the tributaries and the lake's ability to assimilate those contributions. The potential presence of pathogens in the lake and its tributaries was assessed based on fecal bacterial concentrations. Fecal bacterial concentrations at some tributary sites were above existing criteria for swimmable uses. Contributions of fecal bacte

Journey, Celeste A.; Gill, Amy C.

2001-01-01

50

Streamflow, water-quality, and biological conditions in the Big Black Creek basin, St. Clair County, Alabama, 1997  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 1997 synoptic streamflow, water-quality, and biological investi- gations in the Big Black Creek Basin were conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the City of Moody, St. Clair County, and the Birmingham Water Works Board. Data obtained during these synoptic investigations provide a one-time look at the streamflow and water-quality conditions in the Big Black Creek Basin during a stable, base-flow period when streamflow originated only from ground-water discharge. These data were used to assess the degree of water-quality degradation in the Big Black Creek Basin from land-use activities in the basin, including leakage of leachate from the Acmar Regional Land- fill. Biological data from the benthic invertebrate community investigation provided an assessment of the cumulative effects of stream conditions on organisms in the basin. The synoptic measurement of streamflow at 28 sites was made during a period of baseflow on August 27, 1997. Two stream reaches above the landfill lost water to the ground-water system, but those below the landfill had significantly higher ground-water gains. If significant leakage of leachate from the landfill had occurred during the measurement period, the distribution of ground-water discharge suggests that leachate would travel relatively short distances before resurfacing as ground-water discharge to the stream. Benthic invertebrate communities were sampled at four sites in the Big Black Creek Basin during July 16-17, 1997. Based on Alabama Department of Environmental Management criteria and on comparison with a nearby unimparied reference site, the benthic invertebrate communities at the sites sampled were considered unimpaired or only slightly impaired during the sample period. This would imply that landfill and coal-mining activities did not have a detrimental effect on the benthic invertebrate communities at the time of the study. Synoptic water-column samples were collected at nine sites on Big Black Creek and its tributaries at the same time that the synoptic streamflow measurements were made. Trace-element and organic compound concentrations in the stream water were below established water-quality standards and criteria for the State of Alabama, with the exception of secondary (aesthetic) drinking-water levels for iron and manganese. Oil and grease concentrations detected in bed sediments were below the corrective action limit of 100 milligrams per kilogram. No significant increases in chloride, specific conductance, total dissolved solids, oil and grease, color, or biochemical oxygen demand were observed at sites downgradient from the landfill. Ground-water samples were collected from three drive-point wells in the vicinity of the landfill. These samples were analyzed for a suite of volatile organic compounds. The solvent 1,1-dichloroethane (the same solvent detected in the ground-water monitoring system at the landfill) was detected in a sample from a drive-point well downgradient from the landfill--an indication of the potential risk of landfill-derived contamination migrating toward Big Black Creek. No distinguishing trend or pattern of contamination was identified that could be attributed solely to landfill activities. Landfill activities did not appear to contribute significant contamination to Big Black Creek during these streamflow conditions. Any contaminant contribution from coal-mining activities in the basin may have served to mask any leachate contributions from the landfill; however, the overall effects on stream water and benthic intervebrate communities apparently were only minimal.

Journey, Celeste A.; Clark, Amy E.; Stricklin, Victor E.

1998-01-01

51

Paleoenvironment and reservoir distribution of upper Glen Rose formation at Alabama Ferry and Fort Trinidad Fields, Houston and Leon Counties, Texas  

SciTech Connect

Alabama Ferry and Fort Trinidad fields (Houston and Leon Counties, Texas) are located updip of a break or reentrant in the Lower Cretaceous shelf-margin reefs. The reentrant probably allowed an unusual amount of tidal energy to pass from the Gulf of Mexico into the relatively shallow East Texas basin and affected formation of shoal complexes throughout much of the Early Cretaceous. Alabama Ferry and Fort Trinidad fields produce oil and gas from stratigraphic traps in ooid-skeletal bars contained within shoal complexes of the upper Glen Rose zones A through G. These zones represent cyclic transgressive-regressive limestone-shale sequences deposited across much of the East Texas basin. At Alabama Ferry field, each cycle is generally 50-200 ft thick. The cycles are composed of various high-energy shoal-complex grainstones and packstones bounded above and below by lower energy shelf interior to lagoonal mudstone and/or wackestone or shales. Reservoirs are generally restricted to the 10 to 50-ft skeletal-ooid grainstone bars of the shoal complex. There are also 1 to 8-ft occurrences of more porous coarse-grained skeletal clastic grainstones, interpreted as tidal-channel lag deposits associated with grainstone bars. The cyclic sedimentation present in the East Texas upper Glen Rose may have been achieved by interaction of an oscillatory variation in sea level with a linear rate of subsidence.

Cregg, A.K.

1988-01-01

52

Jefferson Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, or the Jefferson Lab, is funded in part by the Department of Energy and was "built to probe the nucleus of the atom to learn more about the quark structure of matter." Of special interest to researchers will be the extensive experiments section with experiments organized by hall, by status in terms of approval and completion, by proposals, and by physics category. Descriptions of individual experiments include summaries (.ps), participating institutions, experiment titles, and a letter grade rating. The publications section of the site contains a catalog with online publications (.pdf) organized by year, and a complete searchable bibliographic list with downloadable technical documents organized by year. Also, for educators, the Science Education at Jefferson Lab Page ( http://www.jlab.org/services/pced/?students/teachers) lists internships, special events, and classroom resources including a tour of the atom, a periodic table of elements, and an element flashcard game.

53

75 FR 34735 - Adequacy Status of the Alabama Portion (Jackson County) of the Chattanooga, Tennessee Tri-State...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Jackson County) of the Chattanooga, Tennessee Tri-State Area 1997 Annual PM2.5...portion of the tri-state Chattanooga, Tennessee nonattainment area (hereafter referred...Counties, Georgia; and Hamilton County, Tennessee. As a result of EPA's finding,...

2010-06-18

54

Drinking-water quality and variations in water levels in the fractured crystalline-rock aquifer, west-central Jefferson County, Colorado  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In parts of Jefferson County, CO, water for domestic use from the fractured crystalline-rock aquifer contained excessive concentrations of major ions, coliform bacteria, trace elements, or radiochemicals. Based on results of analyses from 26 wells, water from 21 of the wells contained excessive concentrations of one or more constituents. Drinking water standards were exceeded for fluoride in water from 2 wells, nitrate plus nitrite in 2 wells, dissolved solids in 1 well, iron in 6 wells, manganese in 8 wells, zinc in 2 wells, coliform bacteria in 4 wells, gross alpha radiation in 11 wells and possibly 4 more, and gross beta radiation possibly in 1 well. Local variations in concentrations of 15 chemical constituents, specific conductance, and water temperature were statistically significant. Specific conductance increased significantly during 1973-75 only in the vicinity of Indian Hills. Annual range in depths to water in 11 observation wells varied from 1 to 15 feet. The shallowest water levels were recorded in late winter, usually in February. The deepest water levels occurred during summer or fall, depending on the well and the year. Three-year trends in water level changes in 6 of the 11 wells indicated decreasing water storage in the aquifer. (USGS).

Hall, Dennis C.; Johnson, Carl J.

1979-01-01

55

Analysis of geophysical logs from six boreholes at Lariat Gulch, former U.S. Air Force site PJKS, Jefferson County, Colorado  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report presents and describes geophysical logs for six boreholes in Lariat Gulch, a topographic gulch at the former U.S. Air Force site PJKS in Jefferson County near Denver, Colorado. Geophysical logs include gamma, normal resistivity, fluid-column temperature and resistivity, caliper, televiewer, and heat-pulse flowmeter. These logs were run in two boreholes penetrating only the Fountain Formation of Pennsylvanian and Permian age (logged to depths of about 65 and 570 feet) and in four boreholes (logged to depths of about 342 to 742 feet) penetrating mostly the Fountain Formation and terminating in Precambrian crystalline rock, which underlies the Fountain Formation. Data from the logs were used to identify fractures and bedding planes and to locate the contact between the two formations. The logs indicated few fractures in the boreholes and gave no indication of higher transmissivity in the contact zone between the two formations. Transmissivities for all fractures in each borehole were estimated to be less than 2 feet squared per day.

Paillet, Frederick L.; Hodges, Richard E.; Corland, Barbara S.

2002-01-01

56

Public health assessment for T. H. Agriculture and Nutrition (Montgomery), Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama, Region 4. Cerclis No. ALD007454085. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The T.H. Agriculture and Nutrition/Montgomery Plant (THAN) National Priorities List (NPL) site is an industrial facility in Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama. Two different properties comprise the THAN site. On-site groundwater, subsurface soils, shallow soils, sediments, and surface water are contaminated. Some contaminants of concern were found in off-site monitoring and domestic water wells. Surface water, shallow soils, and sediment found off-site have been contaminated. The authors found no evidence to suggest that a completed exposure pathway exists for contaminants of concern to reach the Twin Lakes community. Also, the evidence indicates that fish caught in the ponds are not a completed human exposure pathway.

NONE

1995-02-28

57

IMPROVED OIL RECOVERY FROM UPPER JURASSIC SMACKOVER CARBONATES THROUGH THE APPLICATION OF ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES AT WOMACK HILL OIL FIELD, CHOCTAW AND CLARKE COUNTIES, ALABAMA, EASTERN GULF COASTAL PLAIN  

SciTech Connect

The principal research effort for Year 1 of the project is drilling an infill well in the Womack Hill Field, Choctaw and Clarke Counties, Alabama. The objectives of the project are to drill and core an infill well in Womack Hill Field; to utilize samples from the core to evaluate further the feasibility of implementing an immobilized enzyme technology project in the field; and to use the new information resulting from the drilling of the well to revise and modify the 3-D geologic model, to further modify the injection strategy for the existing pressure maintenance program, and to assess whether a second infill well should be drilled using lateral/multilateral well completions.

Ernest A. Mancini

2004-12-13

58

IMPROVED OIL RECOVERY FROM UPPER JURASSIC SMACKOVER CARBONATES THROUGH THE APPLICATION OF ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES AT WOMACK HILL OIL FIELD, CHOCTAW AND CLARKE COUNTIES, ALABAMA, EASTERN GULF COASTAL PLAIN  

SciTech Connect

The principal research effort for Year 1 of the project is drilling an infill well in the Womack Hill Field, Choctaw and Clarke Counties, Alabama. The objectives of the project are to drill and core an infill well in Womack Hill Field; to utilize samples from the core to evaluate further the feasibility of implementing an immobilized enzyme technology project in the field; and to use the new information resulting from the drilling of the well to revise and modify the 3-D geologic model, to further modify the injection strategy for the existing pressure maintenance program, and to assess whether a second infill well should be drilled using lateral/multilateral well completions.

Ernest A. Mancini

2004-12-06

59

Geology and geothermal resources of the Santiam Pass area of the Oregon Cascade Range, Deschutes, Jefferson and Linn Counties, Oregon  

SciTech Connect

This open-file report presents the results of the Santiam Pass drilling program. The first phase of this program was to compile all available geological, geophysical and geothermal data for the Santiam Pass area and select a drill site on the basis of these data (see Priest and others, 1987a), A summary of the drilling operations and costs associated with the project are presented in chapter 1 by Hill and Benoit. An Overview of the geology of the Santiam Pass area is presented by Hill and Priest in chapter 2. Geologic mapping and isotopic age determinations in the Santiam Pass-Mount Jefferson area completed since 1987 are summarized in chapter 2. One of the more important conclusions reached in chapter 2 is that a minimum of 2 km vertical displacement has occurred in the High Cascade graben in the Santiam Pass area. The petrology of the Santiam Pass drill core is presented by Hill in chapter 3. Most of the major volcanic units in the core have been analyzed for major, minor, and trace element abundances and have been studied petrographically. Three K-Ar ages are interpreted in conjunction with the magnetostratigraphy of the core to show that the oldest rocks in the core are approximately 1.8 Ma. Geothermal and geophysical data collected from the Santiam Pass well are presented by Blackwell in chapter 4. The Santiam Pass well failed to penetrate beneath the zone of lateral groundwater flow associated with highly permeable Quaternary volcanic rocks. Calculated geothermal gradients range from about 50[degree]C/km at depth 700-900 m, to roughly 110[degree]C/km from 900 m to the bottom of the well at 929 m. Heat-flow values for the bottom part of the hole bracket the regional average for the High Cascades. Blackwell concludes that heat flow along the High Cascades axis is equal to or higher than along the western edge of the High Cascades.

Hill, B.E. (ed.)

1992-10-01

60

2. ALABAMA GATES LOOKING SOUTHEAST ALONG LINED CHANNEL, NOTE CHEMICAL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. ALABAMA GATES LOOKING SOUTHEAST ALONG LINED CHANNEL, NOTE CHEMICAL PURIFICATION TANK IN DISTANCE FOR KEEPING DOWN GROWTH OF ALGAE - Los Angeles Aqueduct, Alabama Gates, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

61

Analysis of stream-aquifer system interrelationships in the Big Blue and Little Blue River basins in Gage and Jefferson Counties, Nebraska  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Seepage measurements made during the fall of 1978 at 21 sites in the Big Blue River basin and at 35 sites in the Little Blue River basin were used to determine stream gains or losses in 20 drainage areas in the Big Blue River basin and 31 drainage areas in the Little Blue River basin. Analyses of data from these seepage measurements and of available hydrogeologic data indicate that the most significant ground-water contributions to streamflow in the Big Blue and Little Blue River drainage basins in Gage and Jefferson Counties, Nebr., occur where a direct hydraulic connection exists between a stream and buried coarse-grained deposits of Quaternary age. These deposits occur in two buried bedrock valleys that trend east-northeasterly across the area. The largest ground-water contributions to streamflow in the Big Blue River occur in the reaches of the river between the mouth of Mud Creek and the dam at Blue Springs (about 13 cubic feet per second) and between the mouth of Turkey Creek and the Beatrice gaging station (about 22 cubic feet per second). Ground-water contributions to streamflow also occur in two tributaries of the Big Blue River; Bear Creek (4.39 cubic feet per second) and Big Indian Creek (6.23 cubic feet per second). In the Little Blue River basin the largest contributions to streamflow occur between the mouths of Big Sandy Creeks (about 6.5 cubic feet per second) and in the vicinity of Fairbury (about 16 cubic feet per second). A ground-water contribution to streamflow of about 6.5 cubic feet per second also occurs in Rose Creek, a tributary of the Little Blue River. (USGS)

Ellis, M.J.

1981-01-01

62

Jefferson Lecture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 29th Annual Jefferson Lecture in the Humanities, which featured acclaimed Civil War historian James McPherson, author of the Pulitzer Prize-winning Battle Cry of Freedom (1988) and several other notable works on Abraham Lincoln and the Civil War. The site features the full text of McPherson's engaging lecture, entitled, "For a Vast Future Also: Lincoln and the Millennium." In addition, the site offers a brief biography and appreciation of McPherson, an interview, book excerpts, and a bibliography.

Mcpherson, James M.

2000-01-01

63

Photocopy of a Postcard, Alabama Archives: circa 1915. VIEW LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of a Postcard, Alabama Archives: circa 1915. VIEW LOOKING NORTHWEST - Louisville & Nashville Railroad, Union Station Train Shed, Water Street, opposite Lee Street, Montgomery, Montgomery County, AL

64

Alabama Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by the Cartographic Research Laboratory at the University of Alabama, this collection of 3540 different scanned and digitized maps offers a valuable resource for persons doing research on the history of Alabama, or looking for contemporary thematic maps of the state. The historical maps of Alabama are divided into time periods ranging from 1803 to 1942, and can be enlarged to focus in on areas of interest. Other historical maps dealing with different themes, such as the mapping of rivers, geological formations throughout the state, and the state highway system. The contemporary map section of the site offers a host of thematic maps of a more practical nature, and deal with such topic as timber production, federal expenditures, and climate. Finally, the site also contains links to the University of Alabama's Department of Geography and the publications of their Cartographic Laboratory.

65

Antismoking Mass Media Campaigns and Support for Smoke-Free Environments, Mobile County, Alabama, 2011–2012  

PubMed Central

Introduction In 2011, the Mobile County Health Department began a 12-month antismoking educational media campaign to educate citizens on the dangers of secondhand smoke. The campaign overlapped with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s 3-month national antismoking Tips from Former Smokers media campaign. We aimed to evaluate the effect of these campaigns on support for smoke-free environments and knowledge of the dangers of secondhand smoke. Methods Cross-sectional precampaign and postcampaign telephone surveys collected data from a random sample of Mobile County adults in the summers of 2011 and 2012. Outcome measures included changes in support for smoke-free environments and knowledge of the dangers of secondhand smoke. The participation rate among the households that were successfully reached was 45% in 2011 and 44% in 2012. Results On the postcampaign survey, 80.9% of respondents reported seeing a television advertisement, 29.9% reported hearing a radio advertisement, and 49.0% reported seeing a billboard. Overall, support for smoke-free bars increased significantly after the intervention (38.1% to 43.8%; P = .01) but not for workplaces or restaurants. Self-reported exposure to the media campaign was associated with higher levels of support for smoke-free workplaces, restaurants, and bars. Conclusion Educational mass media campaigns have the potential to increase support for smoke-free protections and may increase knowledge about the dangers of secondhand smoke among certain populations. PMID:25188275

Conaway, Michael B.

2014-01-01

66

Regional assessment of nonforestry related biomass resources: Alabama  

SciTech Connect

This document is a collection of spreadsheets detailing on a county by county basis the agricultural crop, agricultural wastes, municipal wastes and industrial wastes of Alabama that are potential biomass energy sources.

Not Available

1988-11-01

67

76 FR 48879 - Draft Environmental Impact Statement for Alabama Beach Mouse General Conservation Plan for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...facilitate review of future incidental take applications. The take would affect the federally endangered Alabama beach mouse (Peromyscus polionotus ammobates) in Baldwin County, Alabama. The GCP analyzes the potential take incidental to construction,...

2011-08-09

68

Blacks in Alabama; A Study of Selected Characteristics: Population, Place of Residence, Sex, Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using 1970 Federal Census data, this paper analyzes selected characteristics of the black population in Alabama, focusing on the following categories: (1) blacks in Alabama counties; (2) urban and rural blacks; and (3) blacks in Alabama by sex and age. Special emphasis is placed on producing and interpreting data by which postsecondary education…

Jones, Alice; Diener, Thomas

69

Photocopy of a Photograph, Alabama Archives: circa 189798. VIEW LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of a Photograph, Alabama Archives: circa 1897-98. VIEW LOOKING SOUTHEAST - Louisville & Nashville Railroad, Union Station Train Shed, Water Street, opposite Lee Street, Montgomery, Montgomery County, AL

70

Geology and geothermal resources of the Santiam Pass area of the Oregon Cascade Range, Deschutes, Jefferson and Linn Counties, Oregon. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This open-file report presents the results of the Santiam Pass drilling program. The first phase of this program was to compile all available geological, geophysical and geothermal data for the Santiam Pass area and select a drill site on the basis of these data (see Priest and others, 1987a), A summary of the drilling operations and costs associated with the project are presented in chapter 1 by Hill and Benoit. An Overview of the geology of the Santiam Pass area is presented by Hill and Priest in chapter 2. Geologic mapping and isotopic age determinations in the Santiam Pass-Mount Jefferson area completed since 1987 are summarized in chapter 2. One of the more important conclusions reached in chapter 2 is that a minimum of 2 km vertical displacement has occurred in the High Cascade graben in the Santiam Pass area. The petrology of the Santiam Pass drill core is presented by Hill in chapter 3. Most of the major volcanic units in the core have been analyzed for major, minor, and trace element abundances and have been studied petrographically. Three K-Ar ages are interpreted in conjunction with the magnetostratigraphy of the core to show that the oldest rocks in the core are approximately 1.8 Ma. Geothermal and geophysical data collected from the Santiam Pass well are presented by Blackwell in chapter 4. The Santiam Pass well failed to penetrate beneath the zone of lateral groundwater flow associated with highly permeable Quaternary volcanic rocks. Calculated geothermal gradients range from about 50{degree}C/km at depth 700-900 m, to roughly 110{degree}C/km from 900 m to the bottom of the well at 929 m. Heat-flow values for the bottom part of the hole bracket the regional average for the High Cascades. Blackwell concludes that heat flow along the High Cascades axis is equal to or higher than along the western edge of the High Cascades.

Hill, B.E. [ed.

1992-10-01

71

Thomas Jefferson and the Constitution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines Thomas Jefferson's role in the making and interpretation of the United States Constitution. Discusses the dominant features of Jefferson's constitutional theory; the character of Jefferson's presidency; and Jefferson's ongoing concern about constitutional preservation and change. Lists important dates in the history of the constitution.…

Peterson, Merrill D.

1987-01-01

72

Mount Jefferson, Oregon  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource about Mount Jefferson, a stratovolcano in the Cascade Range, features links to all aspects of the volcano, including its geographic setting, geologic and eruptive history, and historical information about it. The site explains that Mount Jefferson has erupted repeatedly for hundreds of thousands of years, with its last eruptive episode during the last major glaciation, which culminated about 15,000 years ago. Geologic evidence shows that Mount Jefferson is capable of large explosive eruptions. Links labeled 'Special Items of Interest' include information about volcanic highlights and features, and points of interest. Other links lead to maps, graphics, images, publications, reports, and other items of interest involving this volcano and others.

73

Jefferson Lab Virtual Tour  

SciTech Connect

Take a virtual tour of the campus of Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. You can see inside our two accelerators, three experimental areas, accelerator component fabrication and testing areas, high-performance computing areas and laser labs.

None

2013-07-13

74

Jefferson Lab Virtual Tour  

ScienceCinema

Take a virtual tour of the campus of Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. You can see inside our two accelerators, three experimental areas, accelerator component fabrication and testing areas, high-performance computing areas and laser labs.

None

2014-05-22

75

75 FR 68662 - Environmental Impact Statement: St. Louis County, MO  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Environmental Impact Statement: St. Louis County, MO AGENCY: Federal Highway Administration...West Edgewood, Suite H, Jefferson City, MO 65109, Telephone: (573) 636-7104...Transportation, P.O. Box 270, Jefferson City, MO 65102, Telephone: (573)...

2010-11-08

76

Military and administrative reforms instituted by Secretary of War Jefferson Davis, 1853-1857  

E-print Network

debated, a Revolutionary War veteran moved to the West. Samuel Davis, his wife Jane, and their nine children Journeyed from Eastern Georgia to Christian County, Kentucky. In this southwestern section of Kentucky, on June 3, 1808p Jane Davis 1 gave... birth to her tenth child, Jefferson. Before the boy's fourth birthday, the discouraging prospects of the Kentucky farm prompted. Samuel Davis to take his family down the Varina Jefferson Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States...

Prickett, Arthur Lea

1966-01-01

77

Alabama solar energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The status of solar energy activities and programs in Alabama is reported. The following are included: summary on solar energy in Alabama; state energy-related agencies, programs, and plans; assessment of industrial growth areas; projection of future energy needs; unique energy needs; Alabama energy data; contacts for discussion of industrial growth and energy needs; the potential of solar technologies; local legislation;

1978-01-01

78

FACING SOUNT AT JEFFERSON STREET AND 16TH STREET. NORTH AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

FACING SOUNT AT JEFFERSON STREET AND 16TH STREET. NORTH AND WEST BACKSIDES OF JOHN BREUNER AND COMPANY BUILDING IN CENTER (BACKGROUND), SURROUNDING STRUCTURES ON CLAY, JEFFERSON AND 15TH STREETS AT LEFT, RIGHT, AND FOREGROUND - John Breuner & Company Building, 1515 Clay Street, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

79

Jefferson Lab: Science Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the homepage of the Office of Science Education of the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab). The aim of the site is to aid Jefferson Lab's long-term commitment to science education by increasing the number of teachers with a substantial background in math and science, strengthening the motivation and preparation of all students, especially minorities and females, and addressing the serious under-representation of minorities and females in science, math, engineering and technology careers. The page offers links to teacher resources, a student zone, games and puzzles, and programs and events. The site focuses on physical science, but some sections are useful to students and teachers of the earth system sciences.

80

Alabama Public Library Service: Library Directory and 1998 Statistical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides a directory of Alabama Public Library Service libraries, single-county public library systems, multi-county public library systems, and multi-type library systems, and presents a 1998 statistical report. Individual library statistics are tabulated for public library systems on: service outlets, staff, and hours; print and…

Alabama Public Library Service, Montgomery.

81

Alabama Public Library Service: Library Directory and 1997 Statistical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides a directory of Alabama Public Library Service public libraries, single-county public library systems, multi-county public library systems, and multi-type library systems, and presents a 1997 statistical report. Individual library statistics are tabulated for public library systems on: service outlets, staff, and hours;…

Alabama Public Library Service, Montgomery.

82

Alabama Public Library Service Library Directory and 1996 Statistical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents library contact information and statistics for Alabama public libraries for fiscal year 1996 (October 1, 1995-September 30, 1996). The library directory is arranged by type of library: public libraries, single-county public library systems, multi-county public library systems, and multitype library systems. Entries…

Alabama Public Library Service, Montgomery.

83

Jefferson and Democratic Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay is a reply to James Carpenter's "Thomas Jefferson and the Ideology of Democratic Schooling." In it, I argue that there is an apophatic strain in the essay that calls into question the motivation for the undertaking.

Holowchak, M. Andrew

2014-01-01

84

Encyclopedia of Alabama  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the Alabama Humanities Foundation and Auburn University, the Encyclopedia of Alabama (EOA) is a veritable cornucopia of material about the Yellowhammer State. The EOA draws on the work of many trustworthy and learned authors, and as a statement of the homepage notes, "Alabama's problems are not glossed over, nor are its accomplishments and successes overlooked." Visitors who might not be familiar with the state in the least are encouraged to read historian Wayne Flynt's fine essay on Alabama featured on the homepage. After that, visitors can look over the entries alphabetically, or they can use of the thematic headings (such as "Peoples" and "Religion") to start their journey. The "Features" articles are a treat as well, and they include "Alabama and the Civil War" and "College Football in Alabama". The site also includes several photo galleries, a glossary, and some educational resources for teachers.

85

Analytical results for 35 mine-waste tailings cores and six bed-sediment samples, and an estimate of the volume of contaminated material at Buckeye meadow on upper Basin Creek, northern Jefferson County, Montana  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Metal-mining related wastes in the Boulder River basin study area in northern Jefferson County, Montana have been implicated in their detrimental effects on water quality with regard to acidgeneration and toxic-metal solubilization. Flotation-mill tailings in the meadow below the Buckeye mine, hereafter referred to as the Buckeye mill-tailings site, have been identified as significant contributors to water quality degradation of Basin Creek, Montana. Basin Creek is one of three tributaries to the Boulder River in the study area; bed sediments and waters draining from the Buckeye mine have also been implicated. Geochemical analysis of 35 tailings cores and six bed-sediment samples was undertaken to determine the concentrations of Ag, As, Cd, Cu, Pb,and Zn present in these materials. These elements are environmentally significant, in that they can be toxic to fish and/or the invertebrate organisms that constitute their food. A suite of one-inch cores of dispersed flotation-mill tailings and underlying premining material was taken from a large, flat area north of Basin Creek near the site of the Buckeye mine. Thirty-five core samples were taken and divided into 204 subsamples. The samples were analyzed by ICP-AES (inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy) using a mixed-acid digestion. Results of the core analyses show that the elements listed above are present at moderate to very high concentrations (arsenic to 63,000 ppm, silver to 290 ppm, cadmium to 370 ppm, copper to 4,800 ppm, lead to 93,000 ppm, and zinc to 23,000 ppm). Volume calculations indicate that an estimated 8,400 metric tons of contaminated material are present at the site. Six bed-sediment samples were also subjected to the mixed-acid total digestion, and a warm (50oC) 2M HCl-1% H2O2 leach and analyzed by ICP-AES. Results indicate that bed sediments of Basin Creek are only slightly impacted by past mining above the Buckeye-Enterprise complex, moderately impacted at the upper (eastern) end of the tailings area, and heavily impacted at the lower (western) end of the area and downstream. The metals are mostly contained in the 2M HCl-1% H2O2 leachable phase, which are the hydrous amorphous iron- and manganese-hydroxide coatings on detrital sediment particles.

Fey, D.L.; Church, S.E.; Finney, C.J.

1999-01-01

86

Improved Oil Recovery from Upper Jurassic Smackover Carbonates through the Application of Advanced Technologies at Womack Hill Oil Field, Choctaw and Clarke Counties, Alabama, Eastern Gulf Coastal Plan (Phase II)  

SciTech Connect

The principal research efforts for Phase II of the project were drilling an infill well strategically located in Section 13, T. 10 N., R. 2 W., of the Womack Hill Field, Choctaw and Clarke Counties, Alabama, and obtaining fresh core from the upper Smackover reservoir to test the feasibility of implementing an immobilized enzyme technology project in this field. The Turner Land and Timber Company 13-10 No. 1 well was successfully drilled and tested at a daily rate of 132 barrels of oil in Section 13. The well has produced 27,720 barrels of oil, and is currently producing at a rate of 60 barrels of oil per day. The 13-10 well confirmed the presence of 175,000 barrels of attic (undrained) oil in Section 13. As predicted from reservoir characterization, modeling and simulation, the top of the Smackover reservoir in the 13-10 well is structurally high to the tops of the Smackover in offsetting wells, and the 13-10 well has significantly more net pay than the offsetting wells. The drilling and testing of the 13-10 well showed that the eastern part of the field continues to have a strong water drive and that there is no need to implement a pressure maintenance program in this part of the Womack Hill Field at this time. The success achieved in drilling and testing the 13-10 infill well demonstrates the benefits of building a geologic model to target areas in mature fields that have the potential to contain undrained oil, thus increasing the productivity and profitability of these fields. Microbial cultures that grew at 90 C and converted ethanol to acid were recovered from fresh cuttings from the Smackover carbonate reservoir in an analogous field to the Womack Hill Field in southwest Alabama; however, no viable microorganisms were found in the Smackover cores recovered from the drilling of the 13-10 well in Womack Hill Field. Further evaluation is, therefore, required prior to implementing an immobilized enzyme technology project in the Womack Hill Field.

Ernest A. Mancini; Joe Benson; David Hilton; David Cate; Lewis Brown

2006-05-29

87

Borrelia lonestari DNA in adult Amblyomma americanum ticks, Alabama.  

PubMed Central

Polymerase chain reaction analysis of 204 Amblyomma americanum and 28 A. maculatum ticks collected in August 1999 near the homes of patients with southern tick-associated rash illness and in control areas in Choctaw County, Alabama, showed Borrelia lonestari flagellin gene sequence from two adult A. americanum. The presence of B. lonestari in A. americanum ticks from Alabama suggests that this suspected pathogen may be widespread in the southeastern United States. PMID:11384533

Burkot, T. R.; Mullen, G. R.; Anderson, R.; Schneider, B. S.; Happ, C. M.; Zeidner, N. S.

2001-01-01

88

Spatial and temporal variability of air pollution in Birmingham, Alabama  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantification of the spatial and temporal variations of outdoor air pollutant concentrations provides important information for epidemiological and other air-pollution studies, many of which have relied in the past on data from a single, centrally-located air pollution monitoring site. A method is developed for combining air pollution measurements from multiple monitors and monitoring networks to generate daily air pollution concentration fields representing spatial variations over distances of approximately 1-10 km. Meteorological and co-pollutant data are used to estimate missing site measurements, yielding more realistic concentration fields as the number of monitoring locations with available data increases. Monitoring data are interpolated with weights computed from intersite pollutant correlations, which decay with distance, so distances between interpolation points and monitoring sites are factored into the interpolation weights. The approach minimizes the influence of source-oriented sites that represent limited areas, because data from such sites exhibit low intersite correlations and yield interpolation weights that decay rapidly to zero. Interpolated values represent pollutant concentrations averaged over spatial scales that depend on intersite distances and the interpolation grid, and do not delineate sharp spatial gradients associated with roadside or near-source conditions. The approach yields quantified interpolation errors the values of which depend on measurement uncertainties, intersite distances, and the representativeness of monitoring site locations. The method is illustrated using an 11-year period of measurements of ozone, PM2.5, and PM10 concentrations from Jefferson County, Alabama. The principal city is Birmingham, which is influenced by regional-scale air pollution and by local emissions from mobile sources, industrial facilities, and residential communities. Emission sources are not distributed uniformly throughout Birmingham, the ridge-and-valley topography complicates dispersion of local emissions, and monitoring data indicate that air pollutant concentrations vary spatially as well as temporally. No single monitor represents air quality across the entire study area.

Blanchard, C. L.; Tanenbaum, S.; Hidy, G. M.

2014-06-01

89

Alabama Special Days  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Today, we are going to look at special days in Alabama history. Today we are going to look at four special Alabama Days: 1) Boll Weevil Festival 2) Helen Keller Day 3) Mardi Gras 4) Shrimp Festival I am giving you videos to watch about each special day. I am ...

Lucky, Ms.

2012-04-04

90

Shoreline assessment of Jefferson County, Texas  

E-print Network

surveys. A full presentation of all of the data is listed in Appendix B. A brief presentation of the data is given below. Line 134 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 Distance from baseline (m) Elevation (m) fall99 fall02 spr02 Fig. 7...

Lee, Hoo Il

2004-09-30

91

The Thomas Jefferson Papers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With significant funding from The Reuters Foundation, the American Memory Project at the Library of Congress has made this outstanding collection of original Jefferson documents available on this site. Containing approximately 83,000 images, these document types include correspondence, financial account books, and manuscript volumes. The collection offered here is organized into 10 series, ranging in date from 1606 to 1827. Visitors are welcome to search the entire collection, or by browsing through any of the series. The site also offers some rather insightful essays on a variety of themes. Some of these essays include "American Sphinx: The Contradictions of Thomas Jefferson" by Professor Joseph J. Ellis and "America and the Barbary Pirates: An International Battle Against an Unconventional Foe" by Gerard W. Gawalt, who serves as the manuscript specialist for early American history at the Library of Congress. The site is rounded out by two timelines that offer additional insight into the events surrounding Jefferson's life, along with reaching back into the history of the colony and future state of Virginia.

92

76 FR 78967 - Second Tier Environmental Impact Statement: Jackson County, MO  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Environmental Impact Statement: Jackson County, MO AGENCY: Federal Highway Administration...West Edgewood, Suite H, Jefferson City, MO 65109, Telephone: (573) 636-7104...Transportation, P.O. Box 270, Jefferson City, MO 65102, Telephone: (573)...

2011-12-20

93

32. PORT PROFILE OF THE ALABAMA. Uncopyrighted 31/4'x5'photograph taken by ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

32. PORT PROFILE OF THE ALABAMA. Uncopyrighted 3-1/4'x5'photograph taken by Thigpen Photography, c. 1965. Written on back of photo: 'This is what the vessel looked like when I bought her in 1966 R.S. Douglas.' Also, stamped on back is: Thigpen Photography 1442 So. Beltline Highway Mobile, Alabama 46609 to reorder specify no. M7062-1 - Pilot Schooner "Alabama", Moored in harbor at Vineyard Haven, Vineyard Haven, Dukes County, MA

94

Geological Survey of Alabama  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the homepage of the Geological Survey of Alabama (GSA), a data gathering and research agency that explores and evaluates the mineral, water, energy, biological, and other natural resources of the State of Alabama and conducts basic and applied research in these fields as a public service to citizens of the State. The GSA homepage contains a geologic map of Alabama; information on GSA news and events; GSA publications; GIS data and maps; an Ask the Geologist, Hydrogeologist and Biologist link; and a Geospatial Data Clearinghouse.

95

Jefferson Lab: Science Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Jefferson Lab carries out its long-term commitment to science education by providing a host of teacher resources, games, and science lessons. Students can find a periodic table offering physical characteristics and information on the history and uses of each element. The Student Zone contains a virtual lab tour, glossary of scientific terms, and materials on internships. Teachers can locate pdf downloads of many hands-on activities on many science subjects such as microscopes, magnets, and measuring. The website introduces educational events and educational programs for both teachers and students.

96

Neutron Transversity at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

Nucleon transversity and single transverse spin asymmetries have been the recent focus of large efforts by both theorists and experimentalists. On-going and planned experiments from HERMES, COMPASS and RHIC are mostly on the proton or the deuteron. Presented here is a planned measurement of the neutron transversity and single target spin asymmetries at Jefferson Lab in Hall A using a transversely polarized {sup 3}He target. Also presented are the results and plans of other neutron transverse spin experiments at Jefferson Lab. Finally, the factorization for semi-inclusive DIS studies at Jefferson Lab is discussed.

Jian-Ping Chen; Xiaodong Jiang; Jen-chieh Peng; Lingyan Zhu

2005-09-07

97

Cardboard Houses with Wings: The Architecture of Alabama's Rural Studio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Rural Studio, an outreach program of Auburn University, designs innovative houses for poor people living in Alabama's Hale County by using "junk" such as car windshields, carpet tiles, baled cardboard, and old license plates. The article theorizes this particular architecture in terms of Critical Regionalism, developed by Tzonis/Lefaivre and…

Botz-Bornstein, Thorsten

2010-01-01

98

Miss Emily Grierson: A Thorn in Jefferson’s Bed  

Microsoft Academic Search

Judgment, pressure, or failure to live up to a name - although expectations may be inevitable, they often have tragic consequences. In William Faulkner’s short story “A Rose for Emily,” a Southern antebellum town holds many expectations for its Grierson family. The narrator relates Jefferson’s changing regard for Miss Emily between her father’s death, lover’s disappearance, and final seclusion, and

Emily Camras

2011-01-01

99

Thomas Jefferson: image and ideology   

E-print Network

This thesis explores the public image of Thomas Jefferson as recorded in his major life portraits. It consults the traditions that surrounded eighteenth-century portraiture and the history of the portrait as a means of ...

Wilson, Gaye N. S. B.

2012-11-30

100

Historic Postcards of Alabama  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Historic Postcards of Alabama database was created by Diane Wade and the items are housed at the William Stanley Hoole Special Collections Library at the University of Alabama. The collection contains over 230 rare postcards that document life in this southern state between the years 1900 to 1920. Visitors can get started by using the Location Index to wander around different corners of the state, including Mobile, Selma, and Tuscaloosa. The Birmingham area is a great place to start as it features photos of various prominent buildings, churches, and geographical features.

Wade, Diane

101

Geology of the Huntsville quadrangle, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The 7 1/2-minute Huntsville quadrangle is in south-central Madison County, Ala., and includes part of the city of Hunstville. The south, north, east, and west boundaries of the quadrangle are about 3 miles north of the Tennessee River, 15 1/2 miles south of the Tennessee line, 8 miles west of the Jackson County line, and 9 miles east of the Limestone County line. The bedrock geology of the Huntsville quadrangle was mapped by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the city of Hunstville and the Geological Survey of Alabama as part of a detailed study of the geology and ground-water resources of Madison County, with special reference to the Huntsville area. G. T. Malmberg began the geologic mapping of the county in July 1953, and completed it in April 1954. T. H. Sanford, Jr., assisted Malmberg in the final phases of the county mapping, which included measuring geologic sections with hand level and steel tape. In November 1958 Sanford, assisted by L. R. West, checked contacts and elevations in the Hunstville quadrangle; made revisions in the contact lines; and wrote the text for this report. The fieldwork for this report was completed in April 1959.

Sanford, T.H., Jr.; Malmberg, G.T.; West, L.R.

1961-01-01

102

Homonegativity among Alabama Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Members of the Alabama Counseling Association were surveyed to examine the extent to which they demonstrate homonegativity (prejudicial attitudes toward homosexuality). The majority of the counselors did not appear to approach homosexuality from traditional prejudices, although almost one-third believed homosexuality to be immoral. The counselors…

Satcher, Jamie; Leggett, Mark

2006-01-01

103

Archive-In: Alabama  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many states are working to craft digital archives of their online activities, leading some committed states to even include tweets, Facebook pages, and other alternative sources. This site from the Alabama Department of Archives & History contains everything from the online activities of the Alabama Legislature to the Twitter feeds of selected political parties in the state. All told, there are 31 different groups chronicled here and visitors can search each groups' activities individually or via an omnibus search engine. Additionally, users can search the archive by creator, language, publisher, and subject keywords. It's a great initiative and one that will be of interest to librarians, cataloguers, and others with an interest in modern history.

104

The Alabama Historical Quarterly  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Alabama Department of Archives and History has a distinguished tradition of presenting a range of presentations, talks, and seminars for educators across the state. Over the past several years, they have been working to digitize a number of state publications, and this archive brings together issues of the Alabama Historical Quarterly. Here, interested parties can view all issues from 1930 to 1982, and the topics covered include vernacular architecture, the Civil War, local traditions, and in earlier issues, poems. There is a gap in publication from 1931 to 1941, but other than, all of the other years are covered. Users can save their favorite items here, and also look at complete document descriptions.

105

Alabama DOT: Alabama Report Questions on NDT Testing  

E-print Network

Alabama DOT: Alabama Report Questions on NDT Testing 1. What NDT testing methods for concrete; NOT for acceptance purposes. 2. In your experience, how does the reliability of NDT testing methods compare to traditional testing methods? · For pavement smoothness and friction testing, NDT is the traditional method

106

FINAL REPORT THE MISSISSIPPI, ALABAMA, FLORIDA,  

E-print Network

w-6hqq MAFLA FINAL REPORT THE MISSISSIPPI, ALABAMA, FLORIDA, OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF BASELINE;303 FINAL REPORT MISSISSIPPI, ALABAMA, FLORIDA OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF BASELINE ENVIRONMENTAL SURVEY; MAFLA

Mathis, Wayne N.

107

University of Alabama Digital Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For devotees of Alabama history (and even for those who aren't), the University of Alabama's Digital Collections are a real find. Currently, the site offers up more than a dozen digital collections, including The University of Alabama Encyclopedia and the Hugh Davis Farm Journals. The Hugh Davis Farm Journals are quite a find, as they offer an insightful portrait of a 19th century attorney and plantation owner in Marion, Alabama. Here visitors can read his farm journals, which contain records regarding slaves and accounts of life on the plantation. The other collections offered here include the Marjorie L. Smith Slide Collection of images related to cotton agriculture in the 1960s and selected issues of the University of Alabama Yearbook, which is titled "The Corolla".

108

76 FR 38023 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans and Designations of Areas for Air Quality...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Jefferson and Shelby Counties in their entireties, and a portion of Walker County in Alabama. This determination of attainment is based...Jefferson and Shelby Counties in their entireties, and a portion of Walker County in Alabama) has attaining data for the 1997 annual...

2011-06-29

109

Gallatin County Secondary Data Analysis  

E-print Network

prevalence (Heart Attack) 2.4% 4.1% 6.0% All Sites Cancer 416.6 (Region 4) 455.5 543.2 1 Community, Powell, Deer Lodge, Jefferson, Broadwater, Meagher, Silver Bow, Gallatin, Park, Madison, and Beaverhead Johnson Foundation (2012) Leading Causes of Death County1 Montana1,2 Nation2 1. Cancer 2. Heart Disease

Maxwell, Bruce D.

110

Broadwater County Secondary Data Analysis  

E-print Network

prevalence 1.9% 2.5% 2.6% Diabetes prevalence 5.1% 6.2% 8.3% Acute Myocardial Infarction prevalence (Heart Association (2012) Region 4 (Southwest): Lewis and Clark, Granite, Powell, Deer Lodge, Jefferson, Broadwater Foundation (2012) Leading Causes of Death County1 Montana1,2 Nation2 1. Cancer 2. Heart Disease 3

Maxwell, Bruce D.

111

Powell County Secondary Data Analysis  

E-print Network

Infarction prevalence (Heart Attack) 3.4% 4.1% 6.0% All Sites Cancer 416.6 455.5 543.2 1 Community, Powell, Deer Lodge, Jefferson, Broadwater, Meagher, Silver Bow, Gallatin, Park, Madison, and Beaverhead Johnson Foundation (2012) Leading Causes of Death County1 Montana1,2 Nation2 1. Heart Disease 2

Maxwell, Bruce D.

112

Alabama Education News. Volume 30, Number 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2007-01-01

113

Alabama Education News. Volume 34, Number 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2011-01-01

114

Alabama Education News. Volume 33, Number 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2010-01-01

115

Alabama Education News. Volume 31, Number 8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2008-01-01

116

Alabama Education News. Volume 27, Number 9  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

White, Rebecca Leigh, Ed.

2004-01-01

117

Alabama Education News. Volume 31, Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2007-01-01

118

Alabama Education News. Volume 31, Number 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2008-01-01

119

Alabama Education News. Volume 32, Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2008-01-01

120

Alabama Education News. Volume 28, Number 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

White, Rebecca Leigh, Ed.

2005-01-01

121

Alabama Education News. Volume 28, Number 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

White, Rebecca Leigh, Ed.

2005-01-01

122

Alabama Education News. Volume 28, Number 9  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

White, Rebecca Leigh, Ed.

2005-01-01

123

Alabama Education News. Volume 31, Number 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2007-01-01

124

Alabama Education News. Volume 33, Number 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2010-01-01

125

Alabama Education News. Volume 33, Number 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2010-01-01

126

Alumni by New Jersey County Spring 2011  

E-print Network

Alumni by New Jersey County Spring 2011 COUNTY Atlantic 3,221 Bergen 19,263 Burlington 13,001 - 20,000 Over 20,000 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey 61 STUDENTS: Alumni #12;Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey 62 STUDENTS: Alumni Alumni by State Spring 2011 Alabama 419 Nebraska 168

Delgado, Mauricio

127

University of Alabama Biochemistry recommended University of South Alabama Biochemistry recommended  

E-print Network

Alabama University of Alabama Biochemistry recommended University of South Alabama Biochemistry recommended Arkansas University of Arkansas Biochemistry, genetics, Biology/Zoology are recommended California Loma Linda Biochemistry is recommended Stanford Biochemistry, genetics recommended UC Davis genetics

Hone, James

128

78 FR 4341 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans and Designation of Areas for Air Quality...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Counties in their entireties and a portion of Walker County. EPA's approval of the redesignation...Counties in their entireties and a portion of Walker County in Alabama, including Alabama's...Jefferson County, Shelby County, Walker County (part)'' to read as...

2013-01-22

129

Adsorption kinetics of CO2, CH4, and their equimolar mixture on coal from the Black Warrior Basin, West-Central Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Laboratory experiments were conducted to investigate the adsorption kinetic behavior of pure and mixed gases (CO2, CH4, approximately equimolar CO2 + CH4 mixtures, and He) on a coal sample obtained from the Black Warrior Basin at the Littleton Mine (Twin Pine Coal Company), Jefferson County, west-central Alabama. The sample was from the Mary Lee coal zone of the Pottsville Formation (Lower Pennsylvanian). Experiments with three size fractions (45-150????m, 1-2??mm, and 5-10??mm) of crushed coal were performed at 40????C and 35????C over a pressure range of 1.4-6.9??MPa to simulate coalbed methane reservoir conditions in the Black Warrior Basin and provide data relevant for enhanced coalbed methane recovery operations. The following key observations were made: (1) CO2 adsorption on both dry and water-saturated coal is much more rapid than CH4 adsorption; (2) water saturation decreases the rates of CO2 and CH4 adsorption on coal surfaces, but it appears to have minimal effects on the final magnitude of CO2 or CH4 adsorption if the coal is not previously exposed to CO2; (3) retention of adsorbed CO2 on coal surfaces is significant even with extreme pressure cycling; and (4) adsorption is significantly faster for the 45-150????m size fraction compared to the two coarser fractions. ?? 2008 Elsevier B.V.

Gruszkiewicz, M.S.; Naney, M.T.; Blencoe, J.G.; Cole, D.R.; Pashin, J.C.; Carroll, R.E.

2009-01-01

130

The Source of Alabama’s Abundance of Arbitration Cases: Alabama’s Bizarre Law of Damages for Mental Anguish  

E-print Network

This Article gives an overview of arbitration litigation in Alabama, including the evolution of mental anguish jurisprudence in contract cases, especially with regard to the automobile and home industries; a proposal to ...

Simpson, W. Scott; Ware, Stephen J.; Willard, Vickie M.

2004-01-01

131

Horticulture for Secondary Level Handicapped Adolescents: The Cherokee County Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Cherokee County (Alabama) horticulture training program provides 40 mildly mentally retarded adolescents with vocational training in a marketable skills. The broad spectrum of vocational skills makes horticulture ideal for the handicapped. (DB)

Frith, Greg H.; And Others

1981-01-01

132

Jefferson Lab phenomenology: selected highlights  

SciTech Connect

An overview of recent experimental highlights from Jefferson Lab is presented. We review the status of baryon spectroscopy, including the search for pentaquarks, as well as measurements of electromagnetic form factors of the nucleon, featuring the proton G{sub E}/G{sub M} ratio and the determination of the strangeness form factors. In inclusive scattering, we describe recent studies of quark-hadron duality in structure functions in the resonance-scaling transition region, and outline future physics plans at an energy upgraded 12 GeV facility.

Wolodymyr Melnitchouk

2005-07-07

133

Latest results from FROST at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

The spectrum of broad and overlapping nucleon excitations can be greatly clarified by use of a polarized photon beam incident on a polarized target in meson photoproduction experiments. At Jefferson Lab, a program of such measurements has made use of the Jefferson Lab FROzen Spin Target (FROST). An overview of preliminary results are presented.

Ritchie, Barry G. [Arizona State University

2014-06-01

134

The DVCS program at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

Recent promising results, obtained at Jefferson Lab, on cross sections and asymmetries for DVCS and their link to the Generalized Parton Distributions are the focus of this paper. The extensive experimental program to measure DVCS with the 12-GeV-upgraded CEBAF in three experimental Halls (A, B, C) of Jefferson Lab, will also be presented.

Niccolai, Silvia [Institut de Physique Nucleaire, Orsay, France

2014-06-01

135

Water EducaTion for Alabama's Black Belt (WET Alabama): Facilitating Scientific Understanding of the Hydrologic Cycle in Low-Resource Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Youth, as future citizens, play an important role in obtaining and maintaining water resources. Water EducaTion for Alabama's Black Belt (WET Alabama) provides off-campus environmental and water-education activities designed to increase the appreciation, knowledge, conservation, and protection of water resources by middle-school teachers and children from predominantly African-American families in some of Alabama's poorest counties. The project is structured around a variety of indoor and outdoor activities held at two field sites, Auburn University's E. V. Smith Center in Macon County and the Robert G. Wehle Nature Center in Bullock County located in Alabama's "Black Belt" region, a region in which the prosperity of local communities is low. The educational activities provide an engaging laboratory and field experience for children from rural schools that lack scientific facilities and equipment. Both hosting centers have easy access to surface water (ponds, wetlands, streams) and offer facilities for basic hydrologic experiments (e.g., aquifer models, permeameter, water quality). The E.V. Smith site has access to groundwater through pairs of nested wells. Educational activities are designed to help students and teachers visualize groundwater flow and its interaction with surface water in an aquifer tank model; compare the hydrologic properties (porosity and permeability) of different aquifer materials (sands, gravels, and clays); learn about groundwater purging and sampling; and assess water quality and flow direction in the field. Simple exercises demonstrate (1) the balance of recharge and discharge, (2) the effects of flooding, drought and pumping, and (3) movement of contaminants through aquifers. A set of ready-to-teach laboratory exercises and tutorials address goals specified by the State of Alabama science curriculum for grades 6 to 8. The ultimate goal of Project WET Alabama is to help students and teachers from resource-poor schools become knowledgeable about surface water and groundwater so they can identify and sustain "safe" aquifer zones, where clean water resources are available for long-term use and economic development.

Wolf, L. W.; Lee, M.; Stone, K.

2008-12-01

136

1. ALABAMA, PICKENS CO., COCHRANE HIGHWAY BRIDGE 1.5 miles N. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. ALABAMA, PICKENS CO., COCHRANE HIGHWAY BRIDGE 1.5 miles N. from Cochrane on Ala. route 17 Aerial view of Milner bridge, from SW. David J. Kaminsky, Architectural Photography, Atlanta Ga. Aug 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Cochrane, Pickens County, AL

137

78 FR 59649 - Foreign-Trade Zone 83-Huntsville, Alabama, Application for Subzone, VF Jeanswear, Hackleburg...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Zones Board [S-136-2013] Foreign-Trade Zone 83--Huntsville, Alabama, Application for Subzone, VF Jeanswear, Hackleburg...submitted to the Foreign-Trade Zones Board (the Board) by the Huntsville-Madison County Airport Authority, grantee of FTZ 83,...

2013-09-27

138

Diet Quality Is Low among Female Food Pantry Clients in Eastern Alabama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Examine diet quality, food security, and obesity among female food pantry clients. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: A food pantry in Lee County, Alabama. Participants: Fifty-five female food pantry clients between 19 and 50 years of age. Main Outcome Measure(s): Diet quality using United States (US) Department of Agriculture…

Duffy, Patricia; Zizza, Claire; Jacoby, Jocelynn; Tayie, Francis A.

2009-01-01

139

40 CFR 81.301 - Alabama.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Section...95 Attainment Alabama—Ozone (1-Hour Standard)2 Designated...noted. 2 The 1-hour ozone standard is revoked... Statewide X Alabama—Ozone (8-Hour Standard)...

2010-07-01

140

40 CFR 81.301 - Alabama.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Section...otherwise noted. Alabama—Ozone (1-Hour Standard)2 Designated...noted. 2 The 1-hour ozone standard is revoked...otherwise noted. Alabama—Ozone (8-Hour Standard)...

2012-07-01

141

40 CFR 81.301 - Alabama.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Section...otherwise noted. Alabama—Ozone (1-Hour Standard)2 Designated...noted. 2 The 1-hour ozone standard is revoked... Statewide X Alabama—Ozone (8-Hour Standard)...

2011-07-01

142

Jefferson Lab's Trim Card II  

SciTech Connect

Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) uses Trim Card I power supplies to drive approximately 1900 correction magnets. These trim cards have had a long and illustrious service record. However, some of the employed technology is now obsolete, making it difficult to maintain the system and retain adequate spares. The Trim Card II is being developed to act as a transparent replacement for its aging predecessor. A modular approach has been taken in its development to facilitate the substitution of sections for future improvements and maintenance. The resulting design has been divided into a motherboard and 7 daughter cards which has also allowed for parallel development. The Trim Card II utilizes modern technologies such as a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) and a microprocessor to embed trim card controls and diagnostics. These reprogrammable devices also provide the versatility to incorporate future requirements.

Trent Allison; Sarin Philip; C. Higgins; Edward Martin; William Merz

2005-05-01

143

Early History of Jefferson Laboratory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This talk will focus on the history of Jefferson Laboratory from its inception as the NEAL proposal by the Southeastern Universities Research Association (SURA) in 1980, to about 1986 -- two years after the arrival of Hermann Grunder and his Berkeley team. Major themes are (i) a national decision to build a high energy, high duty factor electron accelerator for basic nuclear physics research, (ii) open competition established by the DOE, (iii) formation of SURA, and (iv) interest of SURA physicists (particularly at UVA and W&M) in this research. I will discuss the scientific, technical, and political issues that eventually lead to the selection of the SURA proposal, the choice of Newport News as the site, and the decision to adopt a recirculating superconducting ring for the final design.

Gross, Franz

2011-10-01

144

MMS 91-0062 Mississippi-Alabama  

E-print Network

Admk MMS 91-0062 Mississippi-Alabama Continental Shelf Ecosystem Study Data Summary and Synthesis of Mexico OCS Region #12;OCS Study MMS 91-0062 Mississippi-Alabama Continental Shelf Ecosystem Study Data . 1991 . Mississippi-Alabama Continental Shelf Ecosystem Study: Data Summary and Synthesis . Volume I

Mathis, Wayne N.

145

Ground-water resources of the Alabama River Basin in Alabama; Subarea 8 of the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint and Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa River Basins  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Drought conditions in the 1980's focused attention on the multiple uses of the surface- and ground-water resources in the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint (ACF) and Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa (ACT) River basins in Georgia, Alabama, and Florida. State and Federal agencies also have proposed projects that would require additional water resources and revise operating practices within the river basins. The existing and proposed water projects create conflicting demands for water by the States and emphasize the problem of water-resource allocation. This study was initiated to describe ground-water availability in the Alabama River basin of Alabama, Subarea 8 of the ACF and ACT River basins, and to estimate the possible effects of increased ground-water use within the basin. Subarea 8 encompasses about 6,750 square miles in the Coastal Plain physiographic province in central and southwestern Alabama. The Alabama River extends from the juncture of the Coosa and Tallapoosa Rivers near the city of Montgomery, to its juncture with the Tombigbee River, near the town of Calvert in Washington County. Subarea 8 includes the Cahaba River basin from the physiographic 'Fall Line' at the city of Centreville in Bibb County, to its mouth in Dallas County; and the Alabama River basin from near Montgomery to the Alabama River cutoff, about 6 miles northeast of its juncture with the Tombigbee River. The study area is underlain by sedimentary deposits of Cretaceous, Tertiary, and Quaternary ages. Major aquifers underlying Subarea 8 are, from shallowest to deepest, the Coastal lowlands aquifer system, the Floridan aquifer system, the Lisbon aquifer, The Nanafalia-Clayton aquifer, the Ripley aquifer, the Eutaw aquifer, and the Tuscaloosa aquifer. The conceptual model described for this study qualitatively subdivides the ground-water flow system into local (shallow), intermediate, and regional (deep) flow regimes. Ground-water discharge to tributaries mainly is from local and intermediate flow regimes and varies seasonally. The regional flow regime probably approximates steady- state conditions and discharges chiefly to major drains such as the Alabama River, and in upstream areas, to the Cahaba River. Ground-water discharge to major drains originates from all flow regimes. Mean-annual ground-water discharge to streams (baseflow) is considered to approximate the long-term, average recharge to ground water. The mean-annual baseflow was estimated using an automated hydrograph- separation method, and represents discharge from the local, intermediate, and regional flow regimes of the ground-water flow system. Mean-annual baseflow discharging from Subarea 8 was estimated to be 20,300 cubic feet per second. Mean-annual baseflow represented about 61 percent of total mean-annual stream discharge for the period of record. Estimated and measured stream discharge for selected sites on the Alabama River and its tributaries were compiled for the years 1941, 1954, and 1986, during which sustained droughts occurred throughout most of the ACF-ACT area. Stream discharges were assumed to be sustained entirely by baseflow during the latter periods of these droughts. Estimated baseflow near the end of the individual drought years was about 17 percent of the estimated mean-annual baseflow at the Alabama River cutoff, the most downstream point of Subarea 8. The potential exists for the development of ground-water resources on a regional scale throughout Subarea 8. Estimated ground-water use in 1990 was less than 1 percent of the estimated mean-annual baseflow, and about 2.4 percent of baseflow during the droughts of 1941, 1954, and 1986. Because ground-water use in Subareas 5 and 6 represents a relatively minor percentage of ground-water recharge, even a large increase in ground-water use in Subareas 5 and 6 in Georgia probably would have little effect on the quantity of ground water and surface water in Alabama. In addition, ground-water use in Subarea 3 in Georgia probably h

Kidd, Robert E.; Atkins, J. Brian; Scott, John C.

1997-01-01

146

Alabama Counseling Association Journal, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communicating ideas and information that will help counselors to implement the counseling role and develop the profession of counseling is the purpose of this journal. The first issue in volume 21 contains the following articles: "Policies and Procedures for Reporting Child Abuse in Alabama: Considerations for Counselors, Teachers, and School…

Abbott, Gypsy, Ed.; Elliott, Glenda R., Ed.

1995-01-01

147

A survey of Alabama eye care providers in 2010–2011  

PubMed Central

Background State level information regarding eye care resources can provide policy makers with valuable information about availability of eye care services. The current study surveyed ophthalmologists, optometrists and vision rehabilitation providers practicing in Alabama. Methods Three mutually exclusive provider groups were identified, i.e., all ophthalmologists, optometrists, and vision rehabilitation providers working in Alabama in 2010. Eligible providers were contacted in 2010 and 2011 and information was requested regarding provider demographics and training, practice type and service characteristics, and patient characteristics. Descriptive statistics (e.g., means, proportions) were used to characterize provider groups by their demographic and training characteristics, practice characteristics, services provided and patients or clients served. In addition, county level figures demonstrate the numbers and per capita ophthalmologists and optometrists. Results Ophthalmologists were located in 24 of Alabama’s 67 counties, optometrists in 56, and 10 counties had neither an ophthalmologist nor an optometrist. Overall, 1,033 vision care professionals were identified as eligible to participate in the survey: 217 ophthalmologists, 638 optometrists, and 178 visual rehabilitation providers. Of those, 111 (51.2%) ophthalmologists, 246 (38.6%) optometrists, and 81 (45.5%) rehabilitation providers participated. Most participating ophthalmologists, optometrists, and vision rehabilitation providers identified themselves as non-Hispanic White. Ophthalmologists and optometrists estimated that 27% and 22%, respectively, of their patients had diabetes but that the proportion that adhered to eye care guidelines was 61% among ophthalmology patients and 53% among optometry patients. Conclusions A large number of Alabama communities are isolated from eye care services. Increased future demand for eye care is anticipated nationally given the aging of the population and decreasing numbers of providers; however, Alabama also has a high and growing prevalence of diabetes which will result in greater numbers at risk for diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, and cataracts. PMID:24708636

2014-01-01

148

First Floor Plan U.S. Veterans Hospital, Jefferson Barracks, Medical ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

First Floor Plan - U.S. Veterans Hospital, Jefferson Barracks, Medical Rehabilitation Building, VA Medical Center, Jefferson Barracks Division 1 Jefferson Barracks Drive, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

149

Sections and Elevations U.S. Veterans Hospital, Jefferson Barracks, Medical ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Sections and Elevations - U.S. Veterans Hospital, Jefferson Barracks, Medical Rehabilitation Building, VA Medical Center, Jefferson Barracks Division 1 Jefferson Barracks Drive, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

150

Elevations U.S. Veterans Hospital, Jefferson Barracks, Medical Officer in ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Elevations - U.S. Veterans Hospital, Jefferson Barracks, Medical Officer in Charge Residence, VA Medical Center, Jefferson Barracks Division 1 Jefferson Barracks Drive, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

151

Soils of Bell, Jefferson, Smith, Taylor and Webb Counties.  

E-print Network

is, therefore, an index as to the needs of the soil for nitrogen, although with worn soils the nitrogen is -not as available as in new soils. Acid soluble lime is the lime which is dissolved by strong hydro chloric acid, as in the former AOAC.... Corn, 40 bushels, grain and stalk . .. .. . ... . ............ . Colton , 200 pounds lint, seed and sta lk (Bull. 247) ... . Wheat, 25 bushels, grain and slraw .... ?Oats, 40 bushels, grain and straw.... . . . ... . ........ . Potatoes, Irish, 100...

Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1922-01-01

152

Preliminary report on the Comet area, Jefferson County, Montana  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Several radioactivity anomalies and a few specimens of sooty pitchblende and other uranium minerals have been found on the mine dumps of formerly productive base- and precious-metal mines along the Comet-Gray Eagle shear zone in the Comet area in southwestern Montana. The shear zone is from 50 to 200 feet wide and has been traced for at least 5? miles. It trends N. 80 ? W. across the northern part of the area and cuts the quartz monzonitic rocks of the Boulder batholith and younger silicic intrusive rocks, as well as prebatholithic volcanic rocks, and is in turn cut by dacite and andesite dikes. The youngest period of mineralization is represented by chalcedonic vein zones comprising one or more discontinuous stringers and veins of cryptocrystalline silica in silicified quartz monzonite and in alaskite that has not been appreciably silicified. In some places these zones contain no distinct chalcedonic veins but are represented only by silicified quartz monzonite. These zones locally contain uranium in association with very small amounts of pyrite, galena, ruby silver, arqentite, native silver, molybdenite, chalcopyrite, arsenopyrite, and barite. At the Free Enterprise mine, uranium has been produced from a narrow chalcedonic vein that contains disseminated secondary uranium minerals and local small pods of pitchblende and also from disseminated secondary uranium ,minerals in the adjacent quartz monzonite. Undiscovered deposits of uranium ore may occur spatially associated with the base- and precious-metal deposits along the Comet-Gray Eagle shear zone and with chalcedonic vein zones similar to the Free Enterprise.

Becraft, George Earle

1953-01-01

153

Preliminary report on the Comet area, Jefferson County, Montana  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Several radioactivity anomalies and a few specimens of sooty pitchblende and other uranium minerals have been found on the mine dumps of formerly productive base-and precious-metal mines along the Comet-Gray Eagle shear zone in the Comet area in southwestern Montana. The shear zone is from 50 to 200 feet wide and has been traced for at least 5 1/2 miles. It trends N. 80° W. across the northern part of the area and cuts the quartz monzonitic rocks of the Boulder batholith and younger silicic intrusive rocks, as well as the pre-batholitic volcanic rocks, and is in turn cut by dacite and andesite dikes. The youngest period of mineralization is represented by chalcedonic vein zones comprising one or more discontinuous stringers and veins of cryptocrystalline silica in silicified quartz monzonite and in alaskite that has not been appreciably silicified. In some places these zones contain no distinct chalcedonic veins, but are represented only by silicified quartz monzonite. These zones locally contain uranium in association with very small amounts of the following minerals: pyrite, galena, ruby silver, argentite, native silver, molybdenite, chalcopyrite, arsenopyrite, and barite. At the Free Enterprise mine, uranium has been produced from a narrow chalcedonic vein that contains disseminated secondary uranium minerals and local small pods of pitchblende and from disseminated secondary uranium minerals in the adjacent quartz monzonite. Undiscovered commercial deposits of uranium ore may occur spatially associated with the base-and precious-metal deposits along the Comet-Gray Eagle shear zone, and chalcedonic vein zones similar to the Free Enterprise.

Becraft, George Earle

1952-01-01

154

Environments of deposition of subsurface Miocene strata, Jefferson County, Texas  

E-print Network

and megascopically for faunal content and lithologic characteristics. Foraminifera from these samples were identified as to genera following the classification system proposed by Cushman (i948). Specific identifications were made with the aid of papers by Cushman...

Kelly, Frank Randolph

2012-06-07

155

Jefferson Lab's Distributed Data Acquisition  

SciTech Connect

Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) occasionally experiences fast intermittent beam instabilities that are difficult to isolate and result in downtime. The Distributed Data Acquisition (Dist DAQ) system is being developed to detect and quickly locate such instabilities. It will consist of multiple Ethernet based data acquisition chassis distributed throughout the seven-eighths of a mile CEBAF site. Each chassis will monitor various control system signals that are only available locally and/or monitored by systems with small bandwidths that cannot identify fast transients. The chassis will collect data at rates up to 40 Msps in circular buffers that can be frozen and unrolled after an event trigger. These triggers will be derived from signals such as periodic timers or accelerator faults and be distributed via a custom fiber optic event trigger network. This triggering scheme will allow all the data acquisition chassis to be triggered simultaneously and provide a snapshot of relevant CEBAF control signals. The data will then be automatically analyzed for frequency content and transients to determine if and where instabilities exist.

Allison, Trent; Powers, Tom [Jefferson Lab, 12000 Jefferson Avenue Newport News, VA 23606 (United States)

2006-11-20

156

Jefferson Lab's Distributed Data Acquisition  

SciTech Connect

Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) occasionally experiences fast intermittent beam instabilities that are difficult to isolate and result in downtime. The Distributed Data Acquisition (Dist DAQ) system is being developed to detect and quickly locate such instabilities. It will consist of multiple Ethernet based data acquisition chassis distributed throughout the seven-eights of a mile CEBAF site. Each chassis will monitor various control system signals that are only available locally and/or monitored by systems with small bandwidths that cannot identify fast transients. The chassis will collect data at rates up to 40 Msps in circular buffers that can be frozen and unrolled after an event trigger. These triggers will be derived from signals such as periodic timers or accelerator faults and be distributed via a custom fiber optic event trigger network. This triggering scheme will allow all the data acquisition chassis to be triggered simultaneously and provide a snapshot of relevant CEBAF control signals. The data will then be automatically analyzed for frequency content and transients to determine if and where instabilities exist.

Trent Allison; Thomas Powers

2006-05-01

157

Deer Lodge County Secondary Data Analysis  

E-print Network

Deer Lodge County Secondary Data Analysis July 23, 2012 1 1 Community Health Data, MT Myocardial Infarction prevalence (Heart Attack) 3.4% 4.1% 6.0% All Sites Cancer 416.6 455.5 543.2 1, Granite, Powell, Deer Lodge, Jefferson, Broadwater, Meagher, Silver Bow, Gallatin, Park, Madison

Maxwell, Bruce D.

158

Lewis & Clark County Secondary Data Analysis  

E-print Network

Myocardial Infarction prevalence (Heart Attack) 3.3% 4.1% 6.0% All Sites Cancer 416.6 (Region 4) 455) ­ Lewis and Clark, Granite, Powell, Deer Lodge, Jefferson, Broadwater, Meagher, Silver Bow, Gallatin of Death County1 Montana1,2 Nation2 1. Cancer 2. Heart Disease 3. CLRD* 1. Cancer 2. Heart Disease 3

Maxwell, Bruce D.

159

1003 Alabama Agricultural & Mechanical 1006 Alabama State University  

E-print Network

1455 Mississippi County Community College 6549 Ouachita Baptist University 6578 Philander Smith College University: 4062 Loma Linda 4380 Riverside 4683 Lone Mountain College (closed) 4411 Los Angeles Baptist

Carter, John

160

Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Alabama  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Alabama BlueCross and BlueShield Medical Information Server, located and developed by the University of Alabama at Birmingham Department of Computer and Information Sciences, through a grant from Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Alabama for the express purpose of providing Internet access to medical information for all physicians and other health care providers in the state of Alabama. It provides links to a broad range of medical information resources located throughout the Internet. Menus provide information on diseases and disorders, patient care and medical practice, medical specialties, journals and newsletters, health care reform, and other medical information.

1997-01-01

161

Recent results in DIS from Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

Recent results in Deep Inelastic processes measured at Jefferson Lab are presented. In addition to the inclusive reactions typically discussed in the context of Deep Inelastic (electron) Scattering, particular emphasis is given to Deep Exclusive and semi#19;inclusive reactions. Jefferson Lab has made significant contributions to the understanding of the partonic structure of the nucleon at large x, and with its first dedicated measurements is already providing important contributions to understanding the three-dimensional structure of the nucleon via constraints on Generalized Parton Distributions (GPDs) and Transverse Momentum Distributions (TMDs).

David Gaskell

2010-04-01

162

75 FR 62531 - Alabama Power Company; Project No. 349-150-Alabama Martin Dam Hydroelectric Project; Notice of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Energy Regulatory Commission Alabama Power Company; Project No. 349-150--Alabama Martin Dam Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Proposed Restricted...certain parties listed below. Alabama Power Company, as licensee for...

2010-10-12

163

First report of the cucurbit yellow vine disease caused by Serratia marcescens in watermelon and yellow squash in Alabama  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Symptoms typical of cucurbit yellow vine disease (CYVD) were first observed in a 2 ha watermelon field in Crawford, Russell County, Alabama on 8 June 2010. Watermelon plants, cv. 'Jubilee,' exhibited a yellow or chlorotic appearance and some plants were completely wilted. On 24 June plant samples ...

164

Dietary patterns and diet quality among diverse older adults: The University of Alabama at Birmingham study of aging  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Objectives: To characterize dietary patterns among a diverse sample of older adults (= 65 years). Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Five counties in west central Alabama. Participants: Community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries (N=416; 76.8 ± 5.2 years, 56% female, 39% African American) in the Univer...

165

Tick infestations of the eastern cottontail rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus) and small rodentia in northwest Alabama and implications for disease transmission  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies were conducted over a four-county area of northwest Alabama to determine the association of eastern cottontail rabbits with Dermacentor variabilis, the eastern United States vector of Rocky Mountain spotted fever. A secondary objective was to compare infestations of this tick on rabbits with infestations on commonly encountered rodent species as a means of determining the relative importance of each

Joseph C. Cooney; Willy Burgdorfer; Martin K. Painter; Cynthia L. Russell

166

Is Jefferson a Founding Father of Democratic Education? A Response to "Jefferson and the Ideology of Democratic Schooling"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This response argues that it is reasonable to consider Thomas Jefferson a proponent of democratic education. It suggests that Jefferson's education proposals sought to ensure the wide distribution of knowledge and that Jefferson's legacy remains important to us today.

Neem, Johann

2013-01-01

167

The Hall D Detector at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

The Hall D experiment at Jefferson Lab is part of the proposed CEBAF upgrade to 12 GeV beam energy. The Experiment will study gluonic excitations of mesons in the 1.5 to 2.5 GeV/c{sup 2} mass region using an 8 to 9 GeV beam of linearly polarized photons.

Curtis A. Meyer (Hall D Collaboration)

2000-12-12

168

Mutation Operators for Ada A. Jefferson Offutt  

E-print Network

Mutation Operators for Ada A. Jefferson Offutt Department of ISSE George Mason University Fairfax@rstcorp.com March 1996 Technical Report ISSE­TR­96­09 Abstract Mutation analysis is a method for testing software. It provides a method for assessing the adequacy of test data. This report describes the mutation operators

Offutt, Jeff

169

The Thomas Jefferson Papers: Final Release  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Congress American Memory Project has announced the second and final release of the Thomas Jefferson Papers (reviewed in the April 16, 1999 Scout Report). This second release "completes presentation of all nine series of the Thomas Jefferson Papers. They now include approximately twenty-seven thousand items organized into nine series with a total of 83,000 images." The papers may be searched by keyword or browsed by series. The largest of these, General Correspondence, comprises almost two-thirds of the total collection and includes "letters, memoranda, notes, drafts of documents, small maps, drawings, and designs." The documents are offered as large images with a link to an even larger JPEG file. Unfortunately, many documents are rather difficult to read owing to the ravages of time and the letterpress process Jefferson used to retain copies of outgoing correspondence, which blurred his pen strokes. In some cases, transcriptions are provided. Additional special presentations at the site include an interactive timeline of selected collection highlights with links to related documents, selected quotations, and an essay which reveals how the "Series 8, Virginia Records originally collected by Jefferson for their historical importance were rescued from disintegration."

170

Alabama Public Library Service Annual Report, 1990.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annual report highlights the accomplishments of the Alabama Public Library Service (APLS) during 1990. Introductory materials include a map of Alabama's Congressional districts, photographs of the executive board of APLS, and comments from the chairman of the executive board and from APLS' director. Accomplishments are reported under the…

Alabama Public Library Service, Montgomery.

171

Alabama Allied Health Needs Assessment Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the supply of and demand for allied health professionals in Alabama, focusing on the relationship between supply and demand in various workplace settings in the context of Alabama's demographics, current educational programs, and projected changes in health care. The health care professions included in the study were all fields…

Morris, Libby V.

172

Alabama Department of Education Quick Facts, 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure presents state statistics; Alabama public schools 2007-08; Alabama State Board of Education members; financial data; public school size and enrollment; transportation; school meals; school personnel, 2007-2008; graduation requirements; student assessment; additional enrollment; and dropouts, 2006-07.

Alabama Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

173

Alabama Education Quick Facts, 2009-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure presents state statistics; Alabama public schools 2009-10; Alabama State Board of Education members; financial data; public school size and enrollment, 2009-10 school year; transportation; school meals; school personnel, 2009-2010; graduation requirements; student assessment; additional enrollment; and dropouts in school year 2008-09.

Alabama Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

174

Alabama Education Quick Facts: Plan 2020  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure presents state statistics for the following categories; Alabama public schools, 2012-13; Alabama State Board of Education members; financial data, FY 2012; public school size and enrollment, 2012-13 school year; transportation, 2012-13; school meals, 2011-12; school personnel, 2012-13; graduation rates, 2010-11; graduation…

Alabama Department of Education, 2013

2013-01-01

175

Goals for Education. Challenge to Lead: Alabama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Southern Regional Education Board adopted Challenge to Lead education goals to focus and hold attention on educational improvement in its 16 states. This report provides an overview of Alabama?s progress toward meeting these important goals. Challenge to Lead asserts: ?With almost half of the new jobs created in America in the 1990s, Southern…

Southern Regional Education Board, 2004

2004-01-01

176

Outdoor recreational opportunities in Alabama  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What comes to mind when you think about outdoor recreational opportunities? Diagram of the recreational opportunities to enjoy First we will look at the forest services and recreational opportunities. Forest Services There is plenty of hunting opportunities in Alabama to enjoy. Hunting Opportunities Outdoor tips can be essential when enjoying the outdoors. Outdoor Tips What a better way to spend a weekend then going fishing with family and friends. Places to Fish A great way to spend a weekend could also consist of hiking. Hiking Now ...

Smith, Adam

2012-04-04

177

Thirty Thousand Years of Vegetation Changes in the Alabama Hills, Owens Valley, California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty packrat (Neotoma) middens recovered from three sites (1265-1535 m) in the Alabama Hills, Inyo County, California, provide a ca. 31,450-yr record of vegetation change. Located ca. 7 km east of the Sierra Nevada, the middens document that Utah juniper (Juniperus osteosperma), Joshua tree (Yucca brevifolia), and bitterbush (Purshia tridentata) occupied the site between 31,450 and 19,070 yr B.P. Joshua

Peter A. Koehler; R. Scott Anderson

1995-01-01

178

Geohydrology and susceptibility of major aquifers to surface contamination in Alabama; area 2  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The major aquifers in the study area (Blount, Cherokee, DeKalb, Etowah, Jackson, and Marshall Counties in northern Alabama) are the Knox-Shady, Tuscumbia-Fort Payne, and Pottsville aquifers. These aquifers are sources of public water supply and are recharged in each of the six counties. Major aquifers are susceptible to contamination from the surface throughout their recharge areas. In addition, water in these aquifers is highly susceptible to contamination in general topographic settings such as poorly drained areas and in areas where specific features such as sinkholes occur. (USGS)

Bossong, C.R.

1989-01-01

179

Water use, availability, and net demand in the Tennessee River watershed within Alabama, 2005  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey worked in cooperation with the Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs—Office of Water Resources to estimate water use and water availability for 2005 for the portion of the Tennessee River watershed contained within the borders of the State of Alabama. Estimates of water use and availability are an important part of planning for population and economic growth in the Tennessee River watershed in Alabama. Total water use for the region in 2005 was 5,197 million gallons per day (Mgal/d). Total surface-water withdrawals were 5,139 Mgal/d, and total groundwater withdrawals were about 58 Mgal/d. About 92 percent of the total water withdrawn was surface water used for once-through cooling for thermoelectric power generation. Self-supplied industrial and public-supply water uses accounted for the next greatest uses of water, constituting approximately 49 and 42 percent, respectively, of the total water use excluding thermoelectric power use. Summaries of water use by county and subbasin indicated the areas of greatest water withdrawals and use within the Tennessee River watershed. Limestone (2,012 Mgal/d), Jackson (1,498 Mgal/d), and Colbert (1,363 Mgal/d) Counties were the counties with the greatest total water use in 2005 and had large amounts of water withdrawn for thermoelectric power generation. When water use from thermoelectric power generation was not considered, the counties with the greatest withdrawals were Morgan (124 Mgal/d), Madison (72 Mgal/d), Colbert (69 Mgal/d), and Lawrence (67 Mgal/d). The subbasin with the greatest total water use was Wheeler Lake (2,260 Mgal/d) in the Middle Tennessee—Elk subregion. Wheeler Lake subbasin also had the greatest public-supply, irrigation, industrial, mining, and thermoelectric withdrawals of any subbasin in the Tennessee River watershed within Alabama. Total water availability for the Tennessee River watershed within Alabama was estimated to be 34,567 Mgal/d by the Geological Survey of Alabama. Net water demand for the watershed was calculated by subtracting the Tennessee Valley Authority estimates of return flow from water withdrawals. The net water demand was 136 Mgal/d, which is less than 1 percent of the estimated water available.

Gill, Amy C.; Harper, Michael J.; Littlepage, Thomas M.

2013-01-01

180

Triassic/Jurassic faulting patterns of Conecuh Ridge, southwest Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Two major fault systems influenced Jurassic structure and deposition on the Conecuh Ridge, southwest Alabama. Identification and dating of these fault systems are based on seismic-stratigraphic interpretation of a 7-township grid in Monroe and Conecuh Counties. Relative time of faulting is determined by fault geometry and by formation isopachs and isochrons. Smackover and Norphlet Formations, both Late Jurassic in age, are mappable seismic reflectors and are thus reliable for seismicstratigraphic dating. The earlier of the 2 fault systems is a series of horsts and grabens that trends northeast-southwest and is Late Triassic to Early Jurassic in age. The system formed in response to tensional stress associated with the opening of the Atlantic Ocean. The resulting topography was a series of northeast-southwest-trending ridges. Upper Triassic Eagle Mills and Jurassic Werner Formations were deposited in the grabens. The later fault system is also a series of horsts and grabens trending perpendicular to the first. This system was caused by tensional stress related to a pulse in the opening of the Gulf of Mexico. Faulting began in Early Jurassic and continued into Late Jurassic, becoming progressively younger basinward. At the basin margin, faulting produced a very irregular shoreline. Submerged horst blocks became centers for shoaling or carbonate buildups. Today, these blocks are exploration targets in southwest Alabama.

Hutley, J.K.

1985-02-01

181

Harmonic Lasing Characterization at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

Harmonic lasing is normally suppressed because of lasing at the fundamental wavelength. It can, however, be achieved by using any of several methods that suppress fundamental lasing. In this paper we discuss two methods used at Jefferson Lab. The first is to use the characteristics of dielectric coatings to allow harmonic lasing at cavity lengths longer than the synchronous length for the fundamental. The second is to use a dielectric coating that has little reflectivity at the fundamental. This allows us to directly compare fundamental and harmonic lasing with the same optical resonator and electron beam. We present measurement carried out at Jefferson Lab using the IR Upgrade FEL operating at 0.53, 0.94, 1.04, 1.6, and 2.8 microns in which both schemes are used to produce lasing at both the 3rd and 5th harmonic of the fundamental.

Stephen Benson; Michelle D. Shinn

2006-08-27

182

My Year as a Jefferson Science Fellow  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For 12 months in 2011-2012, I had the honor of serving as a Jefferson Science Fellow (JSF) in the U.S. Department of State. In a partnership with U.S. universities, 78 senior scientists, engineers, and professionals have now served as JSFs in the State Department and U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID); 13 new fellows arrived in Washington, D. C., in August for the 2013-2014 term.

Toohey, Darin W.

2014-01-01

183

Jefferson and Hamilton as viewed by historians  

E-print Network

and protest in the past, culminating in the explosive atmosphere of their own time. To these historians, the great issue was the dynamics of these changes and a leading Progressive spokesman, Carl Becker, illustrated for the entire school the theory... than . half a century. SZ The Progressive historians began to write history from a Jeffer- sonian-Jacksonian perspective, paying more attention to reform and democratic ideals of Jefferson. James Truslow Adams, Charles Beard, Carl Becker, Claude G...

Jungmeyer, Paul Edward

1970-01-01

184

Water resources of Jefferson Parish, Louisiana  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This fact sheet presents a brief overview of groundwater and surface-water resources in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana. Information on the availability, use, and quality of water from groundwater and surface-water sources in the parish is discussed. Previously published reports and data stored in the U.S. Geological Survey’s National Water Information System (http://waterdata.usgs.gov/nwis) are the primary sources of this information.

Prakken, Lawrence B.; Lovelace, John K.

2014-01-01

185

Report of Progress at the Troupe Sub-Station, Smith County Texas.  

E-print Network

TEXAS AGRICULTUR 146-409-lorn [PERIMENT STATIONS BULLETIN NO. 121 FEBRUARY 1, 1909 REPORT OF PROGRESS AT THE TROUPE SUB-STATION, SMITH COUNTY, TEXAS W. H. HOTCHKISS, SUPERINTENDENT IN CHARGE POSTOFFICE COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY..., TEXAS TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS. 'FICERS. tiu v hnNING BOARD. ............................... H. I<. LEGETT, President. .Abilene. .......................... T. D. ROWELL, Vice-President. .Jefferson...

Hotchkiss, W.S.

1909-01-01

186

76 FR 27141 - Alabama Disaster # AL-00036  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...major disaster for the State of Alabama (FEMA-1971-DR), dated 04/28/2011. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding. Incident Period: 04/15/2011 and continuing. Effective Date: 04/28/2011....

2011-05-10

187

HYDROLOGIC INITIATIVE IN COASTAL MISSISSIPPI AND ALABAMA  

EPA Science Inventory

The Nature Conservancy has completed a comprehensive site conservation plan at Grand Bay, Alabama. The primary stressors impacting the coastal habitats and significant conservation targets at Grand Bay include: habitat loss, fire suppression, exotic species, alteration of hydro...

188

76 FR 30008 - Alabama Regulatory Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...environment from the adverse effects of surface coal mining operations.'' Section...program does not regulate coal exploration and surface coal mining and reclamation operations...the Alabama program has no effect on...

2011-05-24

189

Alabama Cougars: Sorting Fact From Fiction  

E-print Network

, and painter are some of the names commonly used to refer to the same animal (scientific name Puma concolor the wilderness of Alabama, or is it all just a myth? What Is a Cougar? Cougar, panther, Florida panther, puma

Ditchkoff, Steve

190

Jefferson Lab: A Long Decade of Physics  

SciTech Connect

Jefferson Lab was created in 1984 and started operating in about 1996. 2011 is an appropriate time to try to take a look at the results that have appeared, what has been learned, and what has been exciting for our scientific community. Rather than attempt to construct a coherent view with a single author or at least a small number, we have, instead, invited small groups of people who have been intimately involved in the work itself to make contributions. These people are accelerator experts, experimentalists and theorists, staff and users. We have, in the main, sought reviews of the actual sub-fields. The primary exception is the first paper, which sets the scene as it was, in one person's view, at the beginning of Jefferson Lab. In reviewing the material as it appeared, I was impressed by the breadth of the material. Major advances are documented from form factors to structure functions, from spectroscopy to physics beyond the standard model of nuclear and particle physics. Recognition of the part played by spin, the helicities of the beams, the polarizations of the targets, and the polarizations of final state particles, is inescapable. Access to the weak interaction amplitudes through measurements of the parity violating asymmetries has led to quantification of the strange content of the nucleon and the neutron radius of lead, and to measurements of the electroweak mixing angle. Lattice QCD calculations flourished and are setting the platform for understanding of the spectroscopy of baryons and mesons. But the star of the game was the accelerator. Its performance enabled the physics and also the use of the technology to generate a powerful free electron laser. These important pieces of Jefferson Lab physics are given their place. As the third Director of Jefferson Lab, and on behalf of the other physicists and others presently associated with the lab, I would like to express my admiration and gratitude for the efforts of the directors, chief scientists, associate directors, physicists, engineers, technicians and administrators who made it all possible. In sum, we should celebrate the science that Jefferson Lab has realized in this, its first long decade of physics.

Hugh Montgomery

2011-06-01

191

Assessment of the geothermal/geopressure potential of the Gulf Coastal Plan of Alabama. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Geothermal and geopressure as well as geologic and geophysical data were studied to evaluate the potential for future development of geothermal resources underlying the Alabama Coastal Plain. Wire-line log data compiled and interpreted from more than 1300 oil and gas test wells included maximum recorded temperatures, mud weights, rock resistivities as related to geopressure, formation tops, fault locations, and depths to basement rock. The Alabama Coastal Plain area is underlain by a conduction dominated, deep sedimentary basin where geothermal gradients are low to moderate (1.0 to 1.8/sup 0/F/100 feet). In some areas of southwest Alabama, abnormally high temperatures are found in association with geopressured zones within the Haynesville Formation of Jurassic age; however, rocks of poor reservoir quality dominate this formation, with the exception of a 200-square-mile area centered in southernmost Clarke County where a porous and permeable sand unit is encased within massive salt deposits of the lower Haynesville. The results of a petrograhic study of the Smackover Formation, which underlies the Haynesville, indicate that this carbonate rock unit has sufficient porosity in some areas to be considered a potential geothermal reservoir. Future development of geothermal resources in south Alabama will be restricted to low or moderate temperature, non-electric applications, which constitute a significant potential energy source for applications in space heating and cooling and certain agricultural and industrial processes.

Wilson, G.V.; Wang, G.C.; Mancini, E.A.; Benson, D.J.

1980-01-01

192

Floor Plans and Stair Section U.S. Veterans Hospital, Jefferson ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Floor Plans and Stair Section - U.S. Veterans Hospital, Jefferson Barracks, Medical Officer in Charge Residence, VA Medical Center, Jefferson Barracks Division 1 Jefferson Barracks Drive, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

193

U.S. Veterans Hospital, Jefferson Barracks, Spinal Cord Injury Unit and ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

U.S. Veterans Hospital, Jefferson Barracks, Spinal Cord Injury Unit and Tuberculosis Neuropsychiatric Building, VA Medical Center, Jefferson Barracks Division 1 Jefferson Barracks Drive, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

194

Second Floor Plan (Section B) U.S. Veterans Hospital, Jefferson ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Second Floor Plan (Section B) - U.S. Veterans Hospital, Jefferson Barracks, Spinal Cord Injury Unit and Tuberculosis Neuropsychiatric Building, VA Medical Center, Jefferson Barracks Division 1 Jefferson Barracks Drive, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

195

First Floor Plan (Section B) U.S. Veterans Hospital, Jefferson ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

First Floor Plan (Section B) - U.S. Veterans Hospital, Jefferson Barracks, Spinal Cord Injury Unit and Tuberculosis Neuropsychiatric Building, VA Medical Center, Jefferson Barracks Division 1 Jefferson Barracks Drive, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

196

Ground Floor Plan (Section B) U.S. Veterans Hospital, Jefferson ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Ground Floor Plan (Section B) - U.S. Veterans Hospital, Jefferson Barracks, Spinal Cord Injury Unit and Tuberculosis Neuropsychiatric Building, VA Medical Center, Jefferson Barracks Division 1 Jefferson Barracks Drive, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

197

Second Floor Plan (Section A) U.S. Veterans Hospital, Jefferson ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Second Floor Plan (Section A) - U.S. Veterans Hospital, Jefferson Barracks, Spinal Cord Injury Unit and Tuberculosis Neuropsychiatric Building, VA Medical Center, Jefferson Barracks Division 1 Jefferson Barracks Drive, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

198

Ground Floor Plan (Section A) U.S. Veterans Hospital, Jefferson ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Ground Floor Plan (Section A) - U.S. Veterans Hospital, Jefferson Barracks, Spinal Cord Injury Unit and Tuberculosis Neuropsychiatric Building, VA Medical Center, Jefferson Barracks Division 1 Jefferson Barracks Drive, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

199

First Floor Plan (Section A) U.S. Veterans Hospital, Jefferson ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

First Floor Plan (Section A) - U.S. Veterans Hospital, Jefferson Barracks, Spinal Cord Injury Unit and Tuberculosis Neuropsychiatric Building, VA Medical Center, Jefferson Barracks Division 1 Jefferson Barracks Drive, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

200

77 FR 14516 - Alabama Power Company, Martin Dam Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Proposed Revised Restricted...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Alabama] Alabama Power Company, Martin Dam Hydroelectric Project; Notice...for the Martin Dam Hydroelectric Project would be...Alabama SHPO; Alabama Power Company, the licensee...for the Martin Dam Hydroelectric Project to...

2012-03-12

201

76 FR 8808 - Supplemental Final Environmental Impact Statement: Clark County, Indiana, and Jefferson County, KY  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...statement (SEIS) will be prepared for the Louisville-Southern Indiana Ohio River Bridges...Transportation Cabinet, 8310 Westport Road, Louisville, KY 40242, Telephone: (502) 210-5453...approximately eight miles from downtown Louisville connecting the Gene Snyder...

2011-02-15

202

The Chemical Composition of Soils of Cameron, Coleman, Dallas, Erath, Harris, Reeves, Rockwall and Tarrant Counties.  

E-print Network

, Beeville, Bee Connty: R. A. HALL. B. S., Superinfendenf NO. 2 Troup Smith County: P. k. JOHGSON, M. S.. Superinfendenf No. 3, Angleton, Brazoria County: R. H. STANSEL, M. S., Superintendent No. 4, Beaumont, Jefferson County: R. H. WYCHE. B. S... fertilizers. 6 BULLETIN NO. 430, TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION (2) Deficiency of phosphoric acid in the soil should be corrected by the use of phosphates as a fertilizer. (3) Any acidity sufficient to be injurious to the crops being grown...

Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1931-01-01

203

NOAA Ship THOMAS JEFFERSON S-222 The National Oceanic and  

E-print Network

NOAA Ship THOMAS JEFFERSON S-222 Mission The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) ship Thomas Jefferson in one of a fleet of research and survey vessels owned and operated by NOAA surveys for the primary purpose of updating NOAA's suite of nautical charts. Commercial shipping

204

Jefferson Lab personnel safety fast beam kicker system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The CEBAF accelerator at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab) uses a continuous electron beam with up to 800 kilowatts of average beam power. The laboratory beam containment policy requires that in the event of an errant beam striking a beam blocking device, the beam must be shut off by three methods in less than 1 millisecond. One method

K. Mahoney; O. Garza; E. Stitts; H. Areti

1997-01-01

205

The World of Thomas Jefferson: A Guide for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching guide contains two essays about Thomas Jefferson, along with teaching activities, resources and organizations, a chronology, and quotes. The two essays are: (1) "The Architect of Democracy" (Merrill D. Peterson); and (2) "Jefferson's Legacy: Civic Learning in Public Education" (R. Freeman Butts). Teaching activities center around the…

Valand, Elisabeth, Ed.

206

PC/104 Embedded IOCs at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

Jefferson Lab has developed embedded IOCs based on PC/104 single board computers (SBC) for low level control systems. The PC/104 IOCs run EPICS on top of the RTEMS operating system. Two types of control system configurations are used in different applications, PC/104 SBC with commercial PC/104 I/O cards and PC/104 SBC with custom designed FPGA-based boards. RTEMS was built with CEXP shell to run on the PC/104 SBC. CEXP shell provides the function of dynamic object loading, which is similar to the widely used VxWorks operating system. Standard software configurations were setup for PC/104 IOC application development to provide a familiar format for new projects as well as ease the conversion of applications from VME based IOCs to PC/104 IOCs. Many new projects at Jefferson Lab are going to employ PC/104 SBCs as IOCs and some applications have already been running them for accelerator operations. The PC/104 - RTEMS IOC provides a free open source Real-Time Operating System (RTOS), low cost/maintenance, easily installed/ configured, flexible, and reliable solution for accelerator control and 12GeV Upgrade projects.

Jianxun Yan, Trent Allison, Sue Witherspoon, Anthony Cuffe

2009-10-01

207

University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Dentistry  

E-print Network

University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Dentistry 7 Day Hawaiian Cruise Aboard Norwegian of Alabama at Birmingham School of Dentistry. Jodi Murphy, Managing Member Cruise and Travel Partners P: 1

Cui, Yan

208

Graptemys pulchra Baur 1893: Alabama Map Turtle  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Alabama Map Turtle, Graptemys pulchra (Family Emydidae), is a moderately large riverine species endemic to the Mobile Bay drainage system of Alabama, Georgia, and Mississippi. Sexual size dimorphism is pronounced, with adult females (carapace length [CL] to 273 mm) attaining more than twice the size of adult males (CL to 117 mm). The species is an inhabitant of relatively large, swift creeks and rivers, often with wide sandbars. Stream sections open to the sun and with abundant basking sites in the form of logs and brush are preferred. Six to seven clutches of 4–7 eggs are laid each year on river sandbars. Although the species is locally abundant, populations are threatened by habitat destruction, declines in their prey base, commercial collection, and vandalism. It is listed as a Species of Special Concern in Alabama.

Lovich, Jeffrey E.; Godwin, James C.; McCoy, C.J.

2014-01-01

209

Magnitude and frequency of floods in Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Methods of estimating flood magnitudes for recurrence intervals of 2, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 200, and 500 years are described for rural streams in Alabama that are not affected by regulation or urbanization. Flood-frequency characteristics are presented for 198 gaging stations in Alabama having 10 or more years of record through September 1991, that are used in the regional analysis. Regression relations were developed using generalized least-squares regression techniques to estimate flood magnitude and frequency on ungaged streams as a function of the drainage area of a basin. Sites on gaged streams should be weighted with gaging station data that are presented in the report. Graphical relations of peak discharges to drainage areas are also presented for sites along the Alabama, Black Warrior, Cahaba, Choctawhatchee, Conecub, and Tombigbee Rivers. Equations for estimating flood magnitudes on ungaged urban streams (taken from a previous report) that use drainage area and percentage of impervious cover as independent variables also are given.

Atkins, J. Brian

1996-01-01

210

Alabama's Education Report Card, 2011-2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational progress has been moving in the right direction for several years in Alabama. Now, with the implementation of Alabama's own Plan 2020, an even higher level of accountability for students, teachers, administrators, support systems, and schools/school systems, Alabama is poised to experience unprecedented growth. Add to that, the…

Alabama Department of Education, 2013

2013-01-01

211

Alabama Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report  

E-print Network

Alabama Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2011 Alabama Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2011 1 #12;Introduction The Alabama Water Resources Research with the newly created Auburn University Water Resources Center (AU-WRC), and in 2008 it was designated as part

212

Nucleon spin structure at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

In the past decade an extensive experimental program to measure the spin structure of the nucleon has been carried out in the three halls at Jefferson Lab. Using a longitudinally polarized beam scattering off longitudinally or transversely polarized {sup 3}He, NH{sub 3} and ND{sub 3} targets, the double spin asymmetries A{sub ||} and A{sub perpendicular} were measured, providing data of impressively high precision that gives a better understanding of the structure of the nucleon in the deep inelastic scattering and the valence quarks regions. The virtual photon asymmetries A{sub 1,2} and polarized structure functions g{sub 1,2} were also extracted for the proton, neutron and deuteron over large kinematic ranges, allowing the extraction of first moments and the testing of sum rules and duality.

Biselli, Angela [Fairfield University, Fairfield, CT 06828 (United States)

2011-10-24

213

JEFFERSON LAB 12 GEV CEBAF UPGRADE  

SciTech Connect

The existing continuous electron beam accelerator facility (CEBAF) at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF) is a 5-pass, recirculating cw electron Linac operating at approx6 GeV and is devoted to basic research in nuclear physics. The 12 GeV CEBAF Upgrade is a $310 M project, sponsored by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Physics, that will expand its research capabilities substantially by doubling the maximum energy and adding major new experimental apparatus. The project received construction approval in September 2008 and has started the major procurement process. The cryogenic aspects of the 12 GeV CEBAF Upgrade includes: doubling the accelerating voltages of the Linacs by adding ten new high-performance, superconducting radiofrequency (SRF) cryomodules (CMs) to the existing 42 1/4 cryomodules; doubling of the 2 K cryogenics plant; and the addition of eight superconducting magnets.

Rode, C. H. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, Virginia, 23606 (United States)

2010-04-09

214

The Jefferson lab FEL driver ERLs  

SciTech Connect

Jefferson Lab has - for over a decade - been operating high power IR and UV FELs using CW energy recovering linacs based on DC photocathode electron sources and CEBAF SRF technology. These machines have unique combinations of beam quality, power, and operational flexibility, and thus offer significant opportunity for experiments that use low and medium energy (several tens - few hundreds of MeV) electron beams. We will describe the systems and detail their present and near-term (potential) performance. Recent internal-target analysis and validation testing will be discussed, and schemes for single- and two-pass fixed target operation described. An introduction to subsequent discussions of beam quality and upgrade paths to polarized operation/higher energy will be given.

Douglas, David R. [JLAB; Tennant, Christopher D. [JLAB

2013-11-01

215

APEX: A Prime EXperiment at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

APEX is an experiment at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) in Virginia, USA, that searches for a new gauge boson (A') with sub-GeV mass and coupling to ordinary matter of g' ? (10{sup ?6} ? 10{sup ?2})e. Electrons impinge upon a fixed target of high-Z material. An A' is produced via a process analogous to photon bremsstrahlung, decaying to an e{sup +}e{sup -} pair. A test run was held in July of 2010, covering m{sub A?} = 175 to 250?MeV and couplings g?/e > 10{sup ?3}. A full run is approved and will cover m{sub A?} ?65 to 525?MeV and g?/e > 2.3 × 10{sup ?4}.

Beacham, James B. [New York University

2014-06-01

216

Jefferson Lab 12 GEV Cebaf Upgrade  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The existing continuous electron beam accelerator facility (CEBAF) at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF) is a 5-pass, recirculating cw electron Linac operating at ˜6 GeV and is devoted to basic research in nuclear physics. The 12 GeV CEBAF Upgrade is a 310 M project, sponsored by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Physics, that will expand its research capabilities substantially by doubling the maximum energy and adding major new experimental apparatus. The project received construction approval in September 2008 and has started the major procurement process. The cryogenic aspects of the 12 GeV CEBAF Upgrade includes: doubling the accelerating voltages of the Linacs by adding ten new high-performance, superconducting radiofrequency (SRF) cryomodules (CMs) to the existing 42 1/4 cryomodules; doubling of the 2 K cryogenics plant; and the addition of eight superconducting magnets.

Rode, C. H.

2010-04-01

217

Center for Business and Economic Research: University of Alabama  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the University of Alabama, the Center for Business and Economic Research (CBER) works on crafting key policy updates and research briefs to provide information about business in the state. On the homepage, visitors will find sections that include News, Research Briefs, Publications, and Economic Forecasting. The Research Briefs cover timely reports like "Alabama: Rural or Urban? 'It Depends'" and "A Cost-Benefit Analysis of the New Alabama Immigration Law." In the Publications area, visitors can look over the "Alabama Business" quarterly report, which publishes information on population and other socioeconomic issues. The Alabama Indicators area includes population estimates, income and poverty levels, and detailed tables about the gross domestic product.

218

Alabama's Hatter's Pond called a classic field  

Microsoft Academic Search

Delineation of the combination (structural-stratigraphic) hydrocarbon traps in southern Alabama's Hatter's Pond field demands a thorough understanding of the facies distribution, diagenesis, and structural relations of the area. The field's trapping mechanism is highly complex. In addition to the salt movement associated with normal faulting, the porosity distribution - and hence reservoir development - is facies-selective and is significantly altered

McCaslin

1981-01-01

219

Implementation of Alabama Resources Information System, ARIS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Development of ARIS - Alabama Resources Information System is summarized. Development of data bases, system simplification for user access, and making information available to personnel having a need to use ARIS or in the process of developing ARIS type systems are discussed.

Herring, B. E.

1978-01-01

220

Alabama Kids Count 2001 Data Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count data book examines statewide trends in well-being for Alabama's children. The statistical portrait is based on 17 indicators in the areas of health, education, safety, and security. The indicators are: (1) infant mortality rate; (2) low weight births; (3) child health index; (4) births to unmarried teens; (5) first grade retention;…

Curtis, Apreill; Bogie, Don

221

Alabama Kids Count 2002 Data Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count data book examines statewide trends in well-being of Alabamas children. The statistical portrait is based on 18 indicators in the areas of child health, education, safety, and security: (1) infant mortality rate; (2) low weight births; (3) child health index; (4) births to unmarried teens; (5) first grade retention; (6) school…

Curtis, Apreill; Bogie, Don

222

Collection Development in Alabama's Academic Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study of the collection development practices in five of Alabama's academic libraries shows that a variety of methods of collection building and management have emerged as a result of different traditions and emphases in the state's libraries supporting higher education. Its findings are the result of interview and questionnaire responses from librarians who have collection development responsibilities in academic

Linda McNair Cohen

1988-01-01

223

Chemical Technician Manpower Survey: State of Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study was undertaken to assess the needs of Alabama's industry for chemical technicians and to determine the kinds and levels of skills required by major employers. Of the 75 organizations responding to the questionnaire with usable data, 62 were private industries, 6 were testing laboratories, and 7 were federal agencies. Generally, the study…

Watkins, Donald; And Others

224

THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA RECORDS MANAGEMENT  

E-print Network

THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA RECORDS MANAGEMENT POLICY AND PROCEDURES University Archives Records in the management of their recorded information, the University Archives has published this manual. The manual meanings when used in the records management context. The following list has been provided to define

Carver, Jeffrey C.

225

New technology N products in alabama  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Because of high fertilizer N prices, growers are interested in using less expensive sources of N and using fertilizer additives to reduce ammonia volatilization losses from urea sources. An experiment on a Lucedale fine sandy loam in Central Alabama (Prattville Research Unit) was conducted in 2007 ...

226

RCP Local School Projects in Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of 6 state reports generated by the Regional Curriculum Project (funded under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act), the document describes 4 specific projects implemented through the Alabama State Superintendent's Office beginning in 1966. All 4 projects were designed to improve instructional leadership by defining the role(s) of the…

Regional Curriculum Project, Atlanta, GA.

227

Reservoir heterogeneity in Carter Sandstone, North Blowhorn Creek oil unit and vicinity, Black Warrior Basin, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

This report presents accomplishments made in completing Task 3 of this project which involves development of criteria for recognizing reservoir heterogeneity in the Black Warrior basin. The report focuses on characterization of the Upper Mississippian Carter sandstone reservoir in North Blowhorn Creek and adjacent oil units in Lamar County, Alabama. This oil unit has produced more than 60 percent of total oil extracted from the Black Warrior basin of Alabama. The Carter sandstone in North Blowhorn Creek oil unit is typical of the most productive Carter oil reservoirs in the Black Warrior basin of Alabama. The first part of the report synthesizes data derived from geophysical well logs and cores from North Blowhorn Creek oil unit to develop a depositional model for the Carter sandstone reservoir. The second part of the report describes the detrital and diagenetic character of Carter sandstone utilizing data from petrographic and scanning electron microscopes and the electron microprobe. The third part synthesizes porosity and pore-throat-size-distribution data determined by high-pressure mercury porosimetry and commercial core analyses with results of the sedimentologic and petrographic studies. The final section of the report discusses reservoir heterogeneity within the context of the five-fold classification of Moore and Kugler (1990).

Kugler, R.L.; Pashin, J.C.

1992-05-01

228

68. VIEW OF THE SOUTH END OF THE GENTLEMEN'S LOUNGE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

68. VIEW OF THE SOUTH END OF THE GENTLEMEN'S LOUNGE WITH AN ENGLISH HUNT THEME, ON THE BASEMENT LEVEL, LOOKING FROM THE NORTH - Alabama Theatre, 1811 Third Avenue North, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

229

Investigation of coal deposits in the Fairview and Coal City basins, Coosa Field, St. Clair County, Ala.: reserves, petrography, and chemical properties of coals: washability characteristics of coal from Fairview bed: geology of area  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Report issued by the Bureau of Mines discussing the coal deposits in Saint Clair County, Alabama. Investigations of the estimated reserves and analyses of the coal fields in this area are presented. This report includes tables, maps, illustrations, and photographs.

Toenges, Albert L.; Turnbull, Louis A.; Jolley, Theodore R.; Shields, Joseph J.; Smith, H.L.; O'Donnell, H. J.; Cooper, H.M.; Abernethy, R.F.; Gandrud, B.W.; Riley, H.L.; Rothrock, Howard E.

1949-01-01

230

Gold occurrences near Jefferson, South Carolina  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Gold, possibly in economic amounts, is present in the Jefferson area, South Carolina. It occurs in Slate Belt rocks of Paleozoic age, in Coastal Plain sediments of Cretaceous age, and in alluvial deposits of Quaternary age. The area is near the inner edge of the Coastal Plain province and includes the Brewer Gold Mine, which was intermittently active until 1935 and had a total gold production valued at about $450,000. Slate Belt rocks underlie the entire area and crop out mainly in valley slopes and upper drainage ways; auriferous Coastal Plain sediments underlie a small upland, and Quaternary alluvium lies in and along streams draining the upland and adjacent areas. Gold in the bedrock at the Brewer Mine occurs chiefly in vein lodes in siliceous volcanic and metavolcanic rocks of Paleozoic age. Gold in Coastal Plain sediments is mainly in placer deposits in the lower gravel layers. Gold in Quaternary alluvial deposits is in placers in the present stream channels and in flood plain and abandoned channel deposits. A lode deposit may exist in the rocks beneath the Coastal Plain sediments.

Minard, James P.

1970-01-01

231

Paleocene sequence stratigraphy of southwestern Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

In southwestern Alabama, the Paleocene consists of about 1300 ft (396 m) of marginal marine and marine terrigenous and carbonate sediments. Based on regional stratigraphic, sedimentologic, and paleontologic data, up to seven unconformity-bounded depositional sequences resulting from relative changes in coastal onlap during the Paleocene are recognized in these strata. These sequences are, in ascending order, the TP1.1a, comprised of

E. A. Mancini; B. H. Tew

1988-01-01

232

Development of Alabama Resources Information System (ARIS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A formal, organized set of information concerning the development status of the Alabama Resources Information System (ARIS) as of September 1976 is provided. A series of computer source language programs, and flow charts related to each of the computer programs to provide greater ease in performing future change are presented. Listings of the variable names, and their meanings, used in the various source code programs, and copies of the various user manuals which were prepared through this time are given.

Herring, B. E.; Vachon, R. I.

1976-01-01

233

30 CFR 901.20 - Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan. 901... § 901.20 Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan. The Secretary approved the Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan,...

2010-07-01

234

30 CFR 901.20 - Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan.  

...2014-07-01 false Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan. 901... § 901.20 Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan. The Secretary approved the Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan,...

2014-07-01

235

30 CFR 901.20 - Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan. 901... § 901.20 Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan. The Secretary approved the Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan,...

2012-07-01

236

30 CFR 901.20 - Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan. 901... § 901.20 Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan. The Secretary approved the Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan,...

2013-07-01

237

30 CFR 901.20 - Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan. 901... § 901.20 Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan. The Secretary approved the Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan,...

2011-07-01

238

76 FR 72495 - Alabama Metal Coil Securement Act; Petition for Determination of Preemption  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. FMCSA-2011-0318] Alabama Metal Coil Securement Act; Petition for Determination...determination that the State of Alabama's Metal Coil Securement Act is preempted by Federal...what effect, if any, Alabama's metal coil load securement certification...

2011-11-23

239

75 FR 23264 - Public Water System Supervision Program Revision for the State of Alabama  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...State of Alabama is revising its approved Public Water System Supervision Program. Alabama has adopted the following rules: Arsenic Rule, Lead and Copper Minor Revisions Rule, and Radionuclides Rule. EPA has determined that Alabama's rules are no...

2010-05-03

240

77 FR 74841 - Alabama Power Company; Notice of Application for Amendment of License and Soliciting Comments...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Applicant: Alabama Power Company. e. Name of Project...Anderson, Alabama Power Company, 600 18th Street North...Application: Alabama Power Company requests Commission approval to grant Jack's Family Restaurant, a fast...

2012-12-18

241

U.S. Geological Survey: Water Resources of Alabama  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website contains water data, publications, and links to current weather in Alabama and weather radar and satellite images. The water streamflow data includes daily streamflow conditions of the United States, national water conditions, current streamflow conditions, current rain gauges of Alabama Power, a current river summary, and current drought conditions in Alabama. The publications are about water-resource activities in Alabama, the J.B. Converse Lake Watershed Assessment, the National Water-Quality Assessment Programs for the Lower-Tennessee and Mobile river basins, and water resource programs of the USGS.

242

Proton Form Factor Measurements at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

In two experiments at Jefferson Lab in Hall A, the first one in 1998 and the second in 2000, the ratio of the electromagnetic form factors of the proton was obtained by measuring P{sub t} and P{sub ell}, the transverse and longitudinal recoil proton polarization components, respectively, in {rvec e}p {yields} e{rvec p}; the ratio G{sub E{sub p}}/G{sub M{sub p}} is proportional to P{sub t}/P{sub {ell}}. Simultaneous measurement of P{sub t} and P{sub {ell}} provides good control of the systematic uncertainty. The first measurement of G{sub E{sub p}}/G{sub M{sub p}} ratio was made to Q{sup 2} = 3.5 GeV{sup 2} and the second measurement to Q{sup 2} = 5.6 GeV{sup 2}. The results from these two experiments indicate that the ratio scales like 1/Q{sup 2}, in stark contrast with cross section data analyzed by the Rosenbluth separation method which gives a constant value for this ratio. The incompatibility of the recoil polarization results with most of the Rosenbluth separation results appears now well established above Q{sup 2} of about 3 GeV{sup 2}. The consensus at the present time is that the interference of the two-photon exchange with the Born term, which had been deemed negligible until recently, might explain the discrepancy between the results of the two techniques; the possibility that the discrepancy is due to incomplete radiative correction has also been recently discussed.

Charles Perdrisat; Vina Punjabi

2004-09-27

243

Diversity and Educational Gains: A Plan for a Changing County and Its Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is a response to the Jefferson County School Board's request for an independent study of the best way to carry successfully into the future its long-term commitment to diversity in its schools. The Board's first principle is preservation of diversity in the schools. The authors' assignment from the board was two-fold: to build on the…

Orfield, Gary; Frankenberg, Erica

2011-01-01

244

The 12 GeV Energy Upgrade at Jefferson Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Two new cryomodules and an extensive upgrade of the bending magnets at Jefferson Lab has been recently completed in preparation for the full energy upgrade in about one year. Jefferson Laboratory has undertaken a major upgrade of its flagship facility, the CW re-circulating CEBAF linac, with the goal of doubling the linac energy to 12 GeV. I will discuss here the main scope and timeline of the upgrade and report on recent accomplishments and the present status. I will then discuss in more detail the core of the upgrade, the new additional C100 cryomodules, their production, tests and recent successful performance. I will then conclude by looking at the future plans of Jefferson Laboratory, from the commissioning and operations of the 12 GeV CEBAF to the design of the MEIC electron ion collider.

Pilat, Fulvia C.

2012-09-01

245

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE STUDENT POPULATION, UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA RESIDENT CENTER, HUNTSVILLE, ALABAMA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE MAIN PURPOSE OF THIS 1959 SURVEY WAS TO ANALYZE SOME OF THE BASIC CHARACTERISTICS OF STUDENTS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA RESIDENT CENTER, HUNTSVILLE. FINDINGS WERE TABULATED IN SUMMARY FORM AND BY MAJOR FIELDS OF ACADEMIC INTEREST. OF THE STUDENTS (LARGELY YOUNG ADULTS), 51 PERCENT WERE IN ENGINEERING. ONLY 16 PERCENT WERE FEMALE. MOST…

FRANKLIN, ELTON

246

Soil Sampling Techniques For Alabama Grain Fields  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Characterizing the spatial variability of nutrients facilitates precision soil sampling. Questions exist regarding the best technique for directed soil sampling based on a priori knowledge of soil and crop patterns. The objective of this study was to evaluate zone delineation techniques for Alabama grain fields to determine which method best minimized the soil test variability. Site one (25.8 ha) and site three (20.0 ha) were located in the Tennessee Valley region, and site two (24.2 ha) was located in the Coastal Plain region of Alabama. Tennessee Valley soils ranged from well drained Rhodic and Typic Paleudults to somewhat poorly drained Aquic Paleudults and Fluventic Dystrudepts. Coastal Plain s o i l s ranged from coarse-loamy Rhodic Kandiudults to loamy Arenic Kandiudults. Soils were sampled by grid soil sampling methods (grid sizes of 0.40 ha and 1 ha) consisting of: 1) twenty composited cores collected randomly throughout each grid (grid-cell sampling) and, 2) six composited cores collected randomly from a -3x3 m area at the center of each grid (grid-point sampling). Zones were established from 1) an Order 1 Soil Survey, 2) corn (Zea mays L.) yield maps, and 3) airborne remote sensing images. All soil properties were moderately to strongly spatially dependent as per semivariogram analyses. Differences in grid-point and grid-cell soil test values suggested grid-point sampling does not accurately represent grid values. Zones created by soil survey, yield data, and remote sensing images displayed lower coefficient of variations (8CV) for soil test values than overall field values, suggesting these techniques group soil test variability. However, few differences were observed between the three zone delineation techniques. Results suggest directed sampling using zone delineation techniques outlined in this paper would result in more efficient soil sampling for these Alabama grain fields.

Thompson, A. N.; Shaw, J. N.; Mask, P. L.; Touchton, J. T.; Rickman, D.

2003-01-01

247

An Overview of Dark Matter Experiments at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

Dark Matter research at Jefferson Lab started in 2006 with the LIght Pseudoscalar and Scalar Search (LIPSS) collaboration to check the validity of results reported by the PVLAS collaboration. In the intervening years interest in dark matter laboratory experiments has grown at Jefferson Lab. Current research underway or in planning stages probe various mass regions covering 14 orders of magnitude: from 10{sup -6} eV to 100 MeV. This presentation will be an overview of our dark matter efforts, three of which focus on the hypothesized A' gauge boson.

James Boyce

2012-09-01

248

77 FR 60904 - Air Quality Implementation Plans; Alabama; Attainment Plan for the Alabama Portion of the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Area''). The Chattanooga Area is comprised of Catoosa and Walker Counties in Georgia; Hamilton County in Tennessee; and a...Rossville.......................... Walker, GA............ 13-295-0002 13.5...

2012-10-05

249

Alabama's Education Report Card 2010-11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public education in Alabama is moving in the right direction and is poised to be a national model for the college and career readiness of its students. Through some of the most challenging financial circumstances, public education in Alabama has continued to show great promise in many areas, including reading, math, and science. The success of…

Alabama Department of Education, 2012

2012-01-01

250

The Alabama High School Graduation Examination Experience: Technical Concerns.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A technical advisory committee assisted the Alabama State Department of Education in establishing passing scores and equating test forms of the Alabama High School Graduation Examination (AHSGE). The committee examined four methods of setting cutting scores: (1) Jensen's theoretical method--probability theory is used to set standards that are…

Lockwood, Robert E.

251

History of Education in Alabama. Bulletin 1975, No. 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication summarizes the history of education in Alabama. It is intended to enhance the interest in and appreciation for the state's educational system and to demonstrate to Alabamians the value of building and maintaining a strong educational system. Education began in Alabama with the Indians who inhabited the state. Alabamian Indians…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery. Div. of Instructional Services.

252

Flood of April 13, 1980, Mobile, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report presents basic data collected during the flood of April 13, 1980, in Mobile, Alabama. The data consists of high-water marks, accumulative rainfall, peak discharge at local gaging stations, hydrographs of discharge and rainfall, and photographs at various locations taken during and immediately after the flood. The report presented in map-series and lists data that are readily usable by local planners and developers. During th afternoon of April 13, 1980, the National Weather Service at Mobile recorded a total of 10.4 inches of rainfall. Immediately after the flood approximately 60 to 70 percent of the roads in the Mobile area were impassable. (USGS)

Hannum, Curtis H.; Nelson, George H., Jr.

1980-01-01

253

77 FR 74784 - Safety Zone for Recovery Operations for East Jefferson Street Train Derailment, Mantua Creek...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...East Jefferson Street Train Derailment, Mantua Creek; Paulsboro...the East Jefferson Street Railroad Bridge, Mantua Creek, Paulsboro...New Jersey, due to a train derailment resulting in the release of...Jefferson Street Rail Bridge train derailment occurred November 30,...

2012-12-18

254

THE THOMAS JEFFERSON PROGRAM IN PUBLIC POLICY THE COLLEGE OF WILLIAM & MARY  

E-print Network

THE THOMAS JEFFERSON PROGRAM IN PUBLIC POLICY THE COLLEGE OF WILLIAM & MARY How Effective Officer Survey Thomas Jefferson Program in Public Policy | The College of William & Mary Page i Table Jefferson Program in Public Policy | The College of William & Mary Page ii Executive Summary Virginia has

Lewis, Robert Michael

255

Reservoir characterization of the Smackover Formation in southwest Alabama  

SciTech Connect

The Upper Jurassic Smackover Formation is found in an arcuate belt in the subsurface from south Texas to panhandle Florida. The Smackover is the most prolific hydrocarbon-producing formation in Alabama and is an important hydrocarbon reservoir from Florida to Texas. In this report Smackover hydrocarbon reservoirs in southwest Alabama are described. Also, the nine enhanced- and improved-recovery projects that have been undertaken in the Smackover of Alabama are evaluated. The report concludes with recommendations about potential future enhanced- and improved-recovery projects in Smackover reservoirs in Alabama and an estimate of the potential volume of liquid hydrocarbons recoverable by enhanced- and improved-recovery methods from the Smackover of Alabama.

Kopaska-Merkel, D.C.; Hall, D.R.; Mann, S.D.; Tew, B.H.

1993-02-01

256

40 CFR 81.217 - Southern Indiana Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...County, Jackson County, Jefferson County, Jennings County, Lawrence County, Martin County, Monroe County, Orange County, Owen County, Ripley County, Rush County, Scott County, Switzerland County, Union County, Washington...

2011-07-01

257

40 CFR 81.217 - Southern Indiana Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...County, Jackson County, Jefferson County, Jennings County, Lawrence County, Martin County, Monroe County, Orange County, Owen County, Ripley County, Rush County, Scott County, Switzerland County, Union County, Washington...

2010-07-01

258

Sweet Home Alabama: Hot Spot for Phylogeography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Phylogeographers use molecular methods to map herpetological biodiversity in the heart of Dixie. In the mid-1990s, the diversity of freshwater fishes, snails, mussels, and turtles endemic to the waterways of Alabama and neighboring states prompted biologists to call for more attention to the region. They noted that conservation measures there were not comparable to efforts being made in tropical locations, even though the aquatic systems of Alabama qualified as hot spots. Now, using molecular methods, phylogeographers are documenting and expanding the understanding of the amphibian biodiversity of the regionâÂÂand continuing to call for conservation. Researchers in the field of phylogeography, founded two decades ago, use such strategies as ecological niche modeling and gene sequencing to map where species occur and to determine how they vary genetically across their range. Comparative phylogeographers then look for common genetic breaks across various species. By mapping breaks for many species across a landscape, researchers gain clues about when adaptations may have occurred and what may have prompted them.

Amy Mayer (freelancer;)

2009-04-01

259

The Jefferson College Learning Center: A Multifaceted Approach to Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of statistical tables, promotional materials, advisory letters and related materials for students, and other information provides an overview of the activities, staffing, goals, and objectives of the Jefferson College Learning Center. The primary mission of the Learning Center is to bring the full resources of the institution to…

Burke, Thomas

260

Secession and Slavery: Jefferson Davis's Rhetorical Visions of the South.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using some of the tools of fantasy theme analysis, this paper analyzes the rhetoric of Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederacy during the United States Civil War, as an expression of the rhetorical visions of the American South. Specifically, the paper deals with two speeches--Davis's farewell to the United States Senate, from which he…

Thomas, David A.

261

Generating Test Data from SOFL Specifications \\Lambda A. Jefferson Offutt  

E-print Network

Generating Test Data from SOFL Specifications \\Lambda A. Jefferson Offutt ISSE Department, 4A4@cs.hiroshima­cu.ac.jp Abstract Software testing can only be formalized and quantified when a solid basis for test generation can be defined. Tests are commonly generated from the source code, control flow graphs, design representations

Offutt, Jeff

262

Alabama Education News. Volume 29, Number 1. August-September 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

White, Rebecca Leigh, Ed.

2005-01-01

263

Alabama Education News. Volume 29, Number 3, November-December 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama," as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

White, Rebecca Leigh, Ed.

2005-01-01

264

Alabama Education News. Volume 32, Number 1, August-September 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama," as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2008-01-01

265

The Development of Biomedical Applications of Nuclear Physics Detector Technology at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Southeastern Universities Research Association (SURA) operates the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab) for the United States Department of Energy. As a user facility for physicists worldwide, its primary mission is to conduct basic nuclear physics research of the atom's nucleus at the quark level. Within the Jefferson Lab Physics Division is the Jefferson Lab Detector Group which

Andrew Weisenberger

2003-01-01

266

Thirty Thousand Years of Vegetation Changes in the Alabama Hills, Owens Valley, California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Twenty packrat ( Neotoma) middens recovered from three sites (1265-1535 m) in the Alabama Hills, Inyo County, California, provide a ca. 31,450-yr record of vegetation change. Located ca. 7 km east of the Sierra Nevada, the middens document that Utah juniper ( Juniperus osteosperma), Joshua tree ( Yucca brevifolia), and bitterbush ( Purshia tridentata) occupied the site between 31,450 and 19,070 yr B.P. Joshua tree and bitterbush departed by ca. 17,760 yr B.P., with cliffrose ( Purshia mexicana) and joint-fir ( Ephedra viridis) appearing. By 13,350 yr B.P., blackbush ( Coleogyne ramosissima) and cholla ( Opuntia echinocarpa) entered the record. Between 9540 and 7990 yr B.P., Utah juniper and other species now extralocal to the sites departed and modern components such as wolfberry ( Lycium andersonii) and rubber rabbitbrush ( Chrysothamnus teretifolius) appeared. The middle Holocene records little variation in plant macrofossil composition; however, pollen analysis reflects an increase in aquatic pollen types which might suggest more-open conditions. The transition to the modern vegetation associations at the sites occurred after ca. 2800 yr B.P. The record from the Alabama Hills correlates well with that of other regional vegetation data but documents conditions of increasing aridity earlier than many other packrat midden sites. A shift in understory vegetation between 19,070 and 17,760 yr B.P. may reflect a transition from glacial maximum to post-maximum conditions in the eastern Sierra Nevada.

Koehler, Peter A.; Anderson, R. Scott

1995-03-01

267

Carbon monoxide poisonings after two major hurricanes--Alabama and Texas, August-October 2005.  

PubMed

Hurricanes Katrina and Rita struck the U.S. Gulf Coast on August 29, 2005, and September 24, 2005, respectively, causing widespread damage and leaving approximately 4 million households without electrical power. Despite public health measures to prevent carbon monoxide (CO) poisonings after major power outages, multiple CO poisonings were reported in Gulf Coast states in the wake of these hurricanes. The Alabama Department of Public Health and Texas Department of State Health Services asked CDC to assist in investigating the extent and causes of these hurricane-related CO poisonings. The investigation identified 27 incidents of CO poisoning resulting in 78 nonfatal cases and 10 deaths in hurricane-affected counties in Alabama and Texas, nearly all of which were caused by gasoline-powered generators. Most of the generators involved were placed outside but close to the home to power window air conditioners (ACs) or connect to central electric panels. Few homes had functioning CO detectors. CDC continues to recommend that generators be placed far from homes, away from window ACs, and that CO detectors be used by all households operating gasoline-powered appliances (e.g., generators and gas furnaces), with batteries replaced yearly. Although the risk for CO poisoning likely decreases as generators are placed further from the home, additional studies are needed to establish a safe distance for generator placement. PMID:16528230

2006-03-10

268

Alabama Tin Belt. Metallogenesis and mineral resource evaluation. Final report for the 1983-1984 project year  

SciTech Connect

The Alabama Tin Belt covers an area of approximately 180 km/sup 2/ within the Tallapoosa lithotectonic block of the Northern Alabama Piedmont. In the second year of this three year project, efforts continued towards detailing the distribution and petrogenesis of tin-bearing peraluminous granitoids in central Coosa County. In particular, mapping, structural analysis and petrographical/petrological studies have been used to examine the geologic settings, geochemical and mineralogical variations, crystallization conditions and nature of source rock(s) of selected granitic plutons and related pegmatite bodies in the vicinity of Rockford, Alabama. Thermobarometeric techniques (a ternary feldspar thermobarometer and a plagioclase-muscovite geothermometer), that could be used in conjunction with compositions of constituent minerals to yield reasonable estmates of granite crystallization and alteration temperatures, were also developed. Preliminary results provide evidence that: (1) the granitoids possess characteristics possibly derived from both sedimentary (S-type) and igneous (I-type) sources; (2) feldspars of the tin-bearing pegmatites possess extremely high Rb and Cs concentrations; (3) the peraluminous granitoids crystallized under varying oxygen fugacity conditions at temperatures of 510 to 710/sup 0/ and pressures greater than 6 kbar; and, (4) the Rockford Pluton occupies the core of a post-D/sub 1/, antiformal structure that is overturned to the northwest.

Green, N.L.; Tompa, B.; Gomolka, J.; Wade, G.; Usdansky, S.I.

1986-03-01

269

40 CFR 81.41 - Metropolitan Birmingham Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...County, Blount County, Chilton County, Fayette County, Greene County, Hale County, Jefferson County, Lamar County, Pickens County, St. Clair County, Shelby County, Sumter County, Tuscaloosa County, Walker...

2010-07-01

270

The Object-Oriented Trivia Show (TOOTS) University of Alabama  

E-print Network

The Object-Oriented Trivia Show (TOOTS) Jeff Gray University of Alabama Department of Computer, Languages. Keywords Objects, Game Show. 1. Overview of the OOPSLA Trivia Show OOPSLA (and now SPLASH) has

Gray, Jeffrey G.

271

75 FR 27846 - Alabama Disaster Number AL-00029  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...major disaster for the State of Alabama (FEMA-1908-DR), dated 05/03/ 2010. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding. Incident Period: 04/24/2010 through 04/25/2010. [[Page 27847

2010-05-18

272

76 FR 31388 - Alabama Disaster Number AL-00037  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Assistance Only for the State of Alabama (FEMA--1971--DR), dated 04/28/2011 . Incident: Severe storms, tornadoes, straight-line winds, and flooding. Incident Period: 04/15/2011 and continuing. Effective Date: 05/20/2011....

2011-05-31

273

76 FR 27741 - Alabama Disaster Number AL-00036  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...major disaster for the State of Alabama (FEMA-1971-DR), dated 04/28/ 2011. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding. Incident Period: 04/15/2011 and continuing. Effective Date: /04/2011. Physical...

2011-05-12

274

78 FR 75306 - Television Broadcasting Services; Birmingham, Alabama  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...13-261, RM-11707; DA 13-2129] Television Broadcasting Services; Birmingham...rulemaking filed by Alabama Educational Television Commission (``AETC''), the licensee...filing of petitions for rulemaking by television stations seeking channel...

2013-12-11

275

76 FR 32982 - Alabama; Emergency and Related Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency [Internal Agency Docket...Docket ID FEMA-2011-0001] Alabama; Emergency and Related Determinations AGENCY: Federal Emergency Management Agency, DHS. ACTION:...

2011-06-07

276

76 FR 27139 - Alabama Disaster Number AL-00036  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...declaration of a major disaster for the State of Alabama (FEMA-1971-DR), dated 04/28/ 2011. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding. Incident Period: 04/15/2011 and continuing. Effective Date:...

2011-05-10

277

75 FR 27844 - Alabama Disaster Number AL-00031  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for Public Assistance Only for the State of Alabama (FEMA-1908-DR), dated 05/03/2010. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding. Incident Period: 04/24/2010 through 04/25/2010. DATES: Effective...

2010-05-18

278

76 FR 30225 - Alabama Disaster Number AL-00037  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for Public Assistance Only for the State of Alabama (FEMA-1971-DR), dated 05/10/2011. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding. Incident Period: 04/15/2011 and continuing. Effective Date:...

2011-05-24

279

76 FR 27740 - Alabama Disaster Number AL-00036  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...declaration of a major disaster for the State of Alabama (FEMA-1971-DR), dated 04/28/ 2011. Incident: Severe storms, tornadoes, straight-line winds, and flooding. Incident Period: 04/15/2011 and continuing. Effective Date:...

2011-05-12

280

THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA DEPARTMENT OF AEROSPACE ENGINEERING AND MECHANICS  

E-print Network

) in north Alabama and a growing aviation industrial sector (including Airbus aircraft manufacturing, educational, and athletic activities for a broad range of lifestyles. With technology-oriented government/industrial

Carver, Jeffrey C.

281

The Complexity of Thomas Jefferson. A Response to "'The Diffusion of Light': Jefferson's Philosophy of Education"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This response argues that Jefferson's educational philosophy must be considered in a proper historical context. Holowchak accurately demonstrates both Jefferson's obsession with education and the political philosophy on which his educational beliefs are built. However, the effort to apply modern democratic and meritocratic attributes to…

Carpenter, James

2014-01-01

282

Investigation using data in Alabama from ERTS-A  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

There are no author-identified significant results in this report. Brief summaries are presented of accomplishments by the state of Alabama in the areas of: (1) investigation of environmental factors; (2) land use compilation; (3) data processing for land use compilation; (4) photo-reproduction and unsupervised land use classification from digital tape; (5) data collection buoys; and (6) activities of the Geological Survey of Alabama.

Henry, H. R. (principal investigator)

1972-01-01

283

Topographic data of selected areas along the Alabama River near Montgomery, Alabama, collected using mobile terrestrial light detection and ranging (T-LiDAR) technology  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Topographic data at selected areas within the Alabama River flood plain near Montgomery, Alabama, were collected using a truck-mounted mobile terrestrial light detection and ranging system. These data were collected for inclusion in a flood inundation model developed by the National Weather Service in Birmingham, Alabama. Data are presented as ArcGIS point shapefiles with the extension .shp.

Kimbrow, D.R.

2014-01-01

284

The Jefferson Lab Polarized 3He Target System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Jefferson Lab, a 5.7 GeV electron accelerator facility, has a broad program to study the structure of the neutron and the 3He nucleus using polarized 3He. The 3He gas target system designed for this program allows a wide range of scattering angles and maintains high polarization in a continuous electron beam. The 3He is contained in a high-pressure double-chambered glass

Kevin Kramer

2002-01-01

285

Comparison of Health-Related Measures of Two Groups of Adolescents in a Rural Southeastern County in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The purpose of this study was to establish baseline values on physiological parameters for 7-11 graders (n = 146) in a rural area of Alabama and to examine whether differences existed among the adolescents in the county. Design: Descriptive. Setting: Many adolescents in the southern portion of the United States suffer disproportionately…

Sands, Charles D.; Hensarling, Robert W.; Angel, James B.

2009-01-01

286

67 FR 1954 - Metolius Basin Forest Management Project, Deschutes National Forest, Jefferson County, OR  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Service Metolius Basin Forest Management Project...Attention: Metolius Basin Forest Management Project...by the courts [City of Angoon v. Hodel...available to the Forest Service at a time...regarding the Metolius Basin Forest...

2002-01-15

287

Rutile and topaz in Precambrian gneiss, Jefferson and Clear Creek Counties, Colorado  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Disseminated rutile and major amounts of topaz have been identified in Precambrian topaz-quartz gneiss northwest of Evergreen, Colo. The rutile occurs in quartz-topaz-sillimanite gneiss that forms a stratigraphic unit which is 11 to 100 feet thick and is identified along strike for more than 7,000 feet. Three composite chip samples taken across this unit contain 2.2 to 4.2 percent of rutile, by weight, in grains averaging from 0.1 to 0.3 millimeter in size. The topaz content, by weight, in the same samples ranges from 23 to 67 percent.

Sheridan, Douglas M.; Taylor, Richard B.; Marsh, Sherman P.

1968-01-01

288

CUMULATIVE EFFECTS OF LOGGING ROAD SEDIMENT ON SALMONID POPULATIONS IN THE CLEARWATER RIVER, JEFFERSON COUNTY, WASHINGTON  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT................,.............. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ................,.......... INTRODUCTION ................,............ THE STUDY AREA ,................,........... METHODS ,................,.............. RESULTS ,................,.............. Mortality,Rates ,of Salmonid ,Eggs ,Planted ,in Areas ,Affected

C. J. Cederholm; L. M. Reid

289

Bedrock erosion surface beneath the rocky flats alluvial fan, Jefferson and Boulder counties, Colorado  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The early Pleistocene Rocky Flats alluvial fan formed at the mouth of unglaciated Coal Creek Canyon along the eastern flank of the Colorado Front Range. The fan consists of boulder, cobble, and pebble gravel deposited on an erosional surface cut on tilted Mesozoic sedimentary strata. A north-trending hogback of steeply dipping Cretaceous Laramie Formation and Fox Hills Sandstone is exposed through the gravel across the central portion of the fan. Elevations on the gravel-bedrock contact were used in a GIS to reconstruct the bedrock surface at the base of the gravel, providing a glimpse of the geomorphology of the early Pleistocene Colorado Piedmont. The reconstructed erosional bedrock surface portrays a landscape carved by a series of easterly flowing streams that eroded headward to the resistant hogback units, creating a bedrock step up to 37 m high. East-trending ridges on the bedrock surface are remnants of drainage divides between the Pleistocene streams. Water gaps in the bedrock step allowed the streams access to the upper surface of the step. This entire surface, except the hogback, was covered by gravel about 1.35 to 1.5 Ma ago. Subsequent erosion of the alluvial fan has been by headward (westward) erosion of easterly flowing streams incising into the eastern portion of the fan. Because the gravel is more resistant than the underlying bedrock, modern streams are established over the Pleistocene drainage divides, where the gravel was thinnest. Thicker gravel in the Pleistocene paleovalleys now caps modern drainage divides, producing an inverted topography.

Knepper, D.H., Jr.

2005-01-01

290

Depositional environment of Oligocene Hackberry sandstones, Hilde brandt Bayou area, Jefferson County, Texas  

E-print Network

-C; 11285. 0 ft. 27 B). The massive sandstones lack sedimentary structures in most radio- graph examinations. Indistinct laminations appeared as discrete lines and rad1ograph displayed indistinct lineations. These traces did not appear in megascopic... examinat1on, and lineations may be similar to divergent laminae described in other mass1ve turbidites (Kruit et al, 1975). Megascopic and radiographic examination revealed neither shearing or bioturbation. The mass1ve sandstones of the Humble I Port...

Powers, Brian Kennett

2012-06-07

291

Preliminary surficial geologic map of the Rocky Flats Plant and vicinity, Jefferson and Boulder Counties, Colorado  

SciTech Connect

This report contains a 1:6000 scale map of the 3-mile by 4-mile rectangular area surrounding the Rocky Flats Plant. The map shows the surface deposits estimated to be at least one meter thick. The accompanying report contains a detailed description of the map units, a discussion of the Rocky Flats alluvium and landslides, and cited references. 37 references.

Shroba, R.R.; Carrara, P.E.

1994-11-01

292

A Spatial Analysis of Methamphetamine Lab Seizures for Jefferson County, Mo  

E-print Network

.23 . Distance to PD 0.26 0.029 Local Moran’s I Of OLS Residuals Lag Model Coeffi ie t P obabilitc n r y Lag Variable 0.389 0.0009 Pop Density -0.08 0.1108 Unemployment 0.204 0.014 Distance to PD 0 002 0 105. . ... courtesy of ONDCP MIDWEST HIDTA 2009 Market Report Local Moran’s I Of Labs Seized per 1,000 ppl. (P<.05) Possible Variables SES/Demographics Environmental Percent between 20-44 Percent Single Mothers HH Income under 50K Percent Vacant Percent Rented Population Density Median...

Gilbreath, Aaron Hastings

2010-11-18

293

Hydrology of a nuclear-processing plant site, Rocky Flats, Jefferson County, Colorado  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Accidental releases of contaminants resulting from the operation of the U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration's nuclear-processing and recovery plant located on Rocky Flats will move at different rates through -different parts of the hydrologic system. Rates of movement are dependent upon the magnitude of the accidental release and the hydrologic conditions at the time of the release. For example, during wet periods, a contaminant resulting from a 5,000-gallon (19,000-1itre) release on the land surface would enter the ground-water system in about 2 to 12 hours. Ground-water flow in the Rocky Flats Alluvium might move the contaminant eastward at a rate of about 3 to 11 feet (0.9 to 3.4 metres) per day, if it remains dissolved. Maximum time to a point of discharge would be about 3 years; minimum time could be a few days. A contaminant entering a stream would then move at a rate of about 60 feet (18 metres) per minute under pool-and-riffle conditions. The rate of movement might be about 420 feet (128 metres) per minute under open-channel-flow conditions following intense thunderstorms.

Hurr, R. Theodore

1976-01-01

294

75 FR 57053 - Camas National Wildlife Refuge, Jefferson County, ID; Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...refuge during brood rearing. During migration, which peaks during March and April, and again in October, up to 50,000 ducks, 3,000 geese, and several hundred tundra and trumpeter swans may be present on the refuge. The refuge also hosts...

2010-09-17

295

Economic geology of uranium deposits in the Ralston Creek area Jefferson County, Colorado  

Microsoft Academic Search

The deposits described are in Golden Gate Canyon and the Ralston Creek drainage area near Denver, Colorado. Two of the deposits have produced uranium ore as of March 31, 1956. The Ralston Creek mine has shipped 2,338 tons averaging 0.72 percent UO and the Gary shipped 1,108 tons averaging 0.28 percent UO. The country rock includes metasediments of the Idaho

R. C. Derzay; A. G. Bird

1957-01-01

296

77 FR 38796 - Alabama Power Company; Holt Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Revised Restricted Service List for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2203-013--Alabama] Alabama Power Company; Holt Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Revised...new license for the Holt Hydroelectric Project No. 2203. The programmatic...service list for the Holt Hydroelectric Project. On June 21,...

2012-06-29

297

77 FR 6467 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Alabama, Georgia, and Tennessee: Chattanooga...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Implementation Plans; Alabama, Georgia, and Tennessee: Chattanooga; Particulate Matter 2002...Georgia on October 27, 2009, and Tennessee on October 15, 2009. The emissions...tri-state Chattanooga, Alabama-Georgia-Tennessee, (hereafter referred to as...

2012-02-08

298

33 CFR 165.836 - Security Zone; Escorted Vessels, Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port. 165.836 Section 165.836...HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) PORTS AND WATERWAYS SAFETY REGULATED NAVIGATION AREAS...Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port. (a) Definitions . The...

2011-07-01

299

33 CFR 165.836 - Security Zone; Escorted Vessels, Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port.  

...Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port. 165.836 Section 165.836...HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) PORTS AND WATERWAYS SAFETY REGULATED NAVIGATION AREAS...Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port. (a) Definitions . The...

2014-07-01

300

33 CFR 165.836 - Security Zone; Escorted Vessels, Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port. 165.836 Section 165.836...HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) PORTS AND WATERWAYS SAFETY REGULATED NAVIGATION AREAS...Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port. (a) Definitions . The...

2013-07-01

301

33 CFR 165.836 - Security Zone; Escorted Vessels, Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port. 165.836 Section 165.836...HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) PORTS AND WATERWAYS SAFETY REGULATED NAVIGATION AREAS...Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port. (a) Definitions . The...

2012-07-01

302

University of Alabama 2 semesters college math 2 semesters college math  

E-print Network

Alabama University of Alabama 2 semesters college math 2 semesters college math Calculus is recommended Arkansas 2 semesters college math Calculus recommended Computer Science recommended California College math recommended Calculus recommended Computer Science recommended College math required

Hone, James

303

Cyclic platform dolomites of Devonian Jefferson Formation, Montana and Idaho  

SciTech Connect

Preliminary field study indicates that the Devonian Jefferson Formation in southwestern Montana and adjacent parts of Idaho consists of cyclic sequences of shallow marine platformal dolomites that grade basinward into slope sediments deposited on a steepened carbonate ramp. Individual shallowing-upward, platformal cycles are 25 to < 1 m (82 to 3 ft) thick and, from top to bottom, consist of: solution-collapse breccia caps; cryptalgal dolomudstone; rare ooid dolograinstone; thin-bedded Amphipora dolowackestone; sucrosic dolostones with abundant lenticular to domal stromatoporoids; thin-bedded, fine-grained, shaly dolostones with closely spaced hardgrounds that grade upward into burrow-homogenized, irregularly bedded dolostones. Thinner cycles (< 5 m or 16 ft thick) contain fewer basal lithologies and typically consist only of cryptalgal dolomudstone with breccia caps. The 1 to 25-m thick cycles comprise larger scale sequences (30-60 m or 100-200 ft thick), in which smaller scale cycles become progressively thinner toward the top of large-scale sequences. These shallowing-upward carbonate cycles probably formed in response to glacio-eustatic sea level fluctuations. Current estimates for the time span represented by the Jefferson formation (9 m.y.), divided by the number of shallowing-upward cycles, indicate that each cycle represents an average time span of 0.6 to 1.0 m.y.. This time span suggests that either: (1) average sedimentation rates were unrealistically slow during deposition of each cycle (< 0.1-3 cm/1000 years); (2) breccia caps represent long periods of subaerial exposure (> 0.5 to about 0.2 m.y.); or (3) the Jefferson Formation was deposited during a much shorter time span than previously thought.

Dorobek, S.L.

1986-05-01

304

ATM Coastal Topography-Alabama 2001  

USGS Publications Warehouse

These remotely sensed, geographically referenced elevation measurements of Lidar-derived first surface (FS) topography were produced collaboratively by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Florida Integrated Science Center (FISC), St. Petersburg, FL, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Wallops Flight Facility, VA. This project provides highly detailed and accurate datasets of the Alabama coastline, acquired October 3-4, 2001. The datasets are made available for use as a management tool to research scientists and natural resource managers. An innovative scanning Lidar instrument originally developed by NASA, and known as the Airborne Topographic Mapper (ATM), was used during data acquisition. The ATM system is a scanning Lidar system that measures high-resolution topography of the land surface, and incorporates a green-wavelength laser operating at pulse rates of 2 to 10 kilohertz. Measurements from the laser ranging device are coupled with data acquired from inertial navigation system (INS) attitude sensors and differentially corrected global positioning system (GPS) receivers to measure topography of the surface at accuracies of +/-15 centimeters. The nominal ATM platform is a Twin Otter or P-3 Orion aircraft, but the instrument may be deployed on a range of light aircraft. Elevation measurements were collected over the survey area using the ATM system, and the resulting data were then processed using the Airborne Lidar Processing System (ALPS), a custom-built processing system developed in a NASA-USGS collaboration. ALPS supports the exploration and processing of Lidar data in an interactive or batch mode. Modules for pre-survey flight line definition, flight path plotting, Lidar raster and waveform investigation, and digital camera image playback have been developed. Processing algorithms have been developed to extract the range to the first and last significant return within each waveform. ALPS is routinely used to create maps that represent submerged or first surface topography.

Nayegandhi, Amar; Yates, Xan; Brock, John C.; Sallenger, A.H.; Bonisteel, Jamie M.; Klipp, Emily S.; Wright, C. Wayne

2009-01-01

305

Origin of Smackover Dolomites: Southwest Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Dolomite is a major component of the Upper Jurassic Smackover Formation in southwest Alabama Dolomite comprises most of the unit in updip areas and across paleohighs. The amount of dolomite decreases basinward where dolomite is restricted for the most part to the upper and lower parts of the Smackover. Paragenetic relationships indicate that the majority of the replacement dolomite formed early in the diagenetic history of the Smackover, prior to or contemporaneous with deposition of overlying Buckner evaporites. On the basis of isotopic composition, two major types of replacement dolomite can be identified. Type 1 dolomites are characterized by positive (0.0 to +3.1{per thousand} PDB) {delta}{sup 18}O values. They are restricted to the uppermost and lowermost parts of the Smackover in the depositional basins, but comprise virtually the entire Smackover section over paleohighs. Type 2 dolomites are characterized by negative ({minus}0.1 to {minus}5.9{per thousand}) {delta}{sup 18}O signatures and comprise most Smackover dolomite in downdip areas. {delta}{sup 13}C values for both types range from +6.4 to +2.6 and show a regular downward decrease within the Smackover. The distribution, timing of formation, and isotopic composition of the dolomites indicate two distinct mechanisms were responsible for dolomite formation. The isotopically heavy type 1 dolomites were brine derived and formed during refluxion of brines from Smackover and Buckner sabkhas or brine pools. The type 2 dolomites formed from mixed marine and meteoric waters. Dolomitization occurred in isolated mixing zones that developed around shoal complexes during short-term falls of eustatic sea level. The distribution of dolomite and specific dolomitization mechanisms in any area are a function of eustatic sea level fluctuations and paleotopography.

Benson, D.J. (Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa (USA))

1990-05-01

306

Ground-water resources of the Coosa River basin in Georgia and Alabama; Subarea 6 of the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint and Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa river basins  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Drought conditions in the 1980's focused attention on the multiple uses of the surface- and ground-water resources in the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint (ACF) and Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa (ACT) River basins in Georgia, Alabama, and Florida. State and Federal agencies also have proposed projects that would require additional water resources and revise operating practices within the river basins. The existing and proposed water projects create conflicting demands for water by the States and emphasize the problem of water-resource allocation. This study was initiated to describe ground-water availability in the Coosa River basin of Georgia and Alabama, Subarea 6 of the ACF and ACT River basins, and estimate the possible effects of increased ground-water use within the basin. Subarea 6 encompasses about 10,060 square miles in Georgia and Alabama, totaling all but about 100 mi2 of the total area of the Coosa River basin; the remainder of the basin is in Tennessee. Subarea 6 encompasses parts of the Piedmont, Blue Ridge, Cumberland Plateau, Valley and Ridge, and Coastal Plain physiographic provinces. The major rivers of the subarea are the Oostanaula, Etowah, and Coosa. The Etowah and Oostanaula join in Floyd County, Ga., to form the Coosa River. The Coosa River flows southwestward and joins with the Tallapoosa River near Wetumpka, Ala., to form the Alabama River. The Piedmont and Blue Ridge Provinces are underlain by a two-component aquifer system that is composed of a fractured, crystalline-rock aquifer characterized by little or no primary porosity or permeability; and the overlying regolith, which generally behaves as a porous-media aquifer. The Valley and Ridge and Cumberland Plateau Provinces are underlain by fracture- and solution-conduit aquifer systems, similar in some ways to those in the Piedmont and Blue Ridge Provinces. Fracture-conduit aquifers predominate in the well-consolidated sandstones and shales of Paleozoic age; solution-conduit aquifers predominate in the carbonate rocks of Paleozoic age. The Coastal Plain is underlain by southward-dipping, poorly consolidated deposits of sand, gravel, and clay of fluvial and marine origin. The conceptual model described for this study qualitatively subdivides the ground-water flow system into local (shallow), intermediate, and regional (deep) flow regimes. Ground-water discharge to tributaries mainly is from local and intermediate flow regimes and varies seasonally. The regional flow regime probably approximates steady-state conditions and discharges chiefly to major drains such as the Coosa River, and in upstream areas, to the Etowah and Oostanaula Rivers. Ground-water discharge to major drains originates from all flow regimes. Mean-annual ground-water discharge to streams (baseflow) is considered to approximate the long-term, average recharge to ground water. The mean-annual baseflow was estimated using an automated hydrograph-separation method, and represents discharge from the local, intermediate, and regional flow regimes of the ground-water flow system. Mean-annual baseflow in Georgia was estimated to be about 4,000 cubic feet per second (ft3/s) (from the headwaters to the Georgia-Alabama State Line), 5,360 ft3/s in Alabama, and 9,960 ft3/s for all of Subarea 6 (at the Subarea 7-Subarea 8 boundary). Mean annual baseflow represented about 60 percent of total mean-annual stream discharge for the period of record. Stream discharge for selected sites on the Coosa River and its tributaries were compiled for the years 1941, 1954, and 1986, during which sustained droughts occurred throughout most of the ACF-ACT area. Stream discharges were assumed to be sustained entirely by baseflow during the latter periods of these droughts. Estimated baseflow near the end of the individual drought years ranged from about 11 to 27 percent of the estimated mean-annual baseflow in Subarea 6. The potential exists for the development of ground-water resources on a regional scale throughout Su

Robinson, James L.; Journey, Celeste A.; Atkins, J. Brian

1997-01-01

307

The Jefferson Lab 12 GeV Upgrade  

SciTech Connect

A major upgrade of the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility is in progress. Construction began in 2008 and the project should be completed in 2015. The upgrade includes doubling the energy of the electron beam to 12 GeV, the addition of a new fourth experimental hall, and new experimental equipment in three of the experimental halls. A brief overview of this upgrade project is presented along with some highlights of the anticipated experimental program.

R.D. McKeown

2011-10-01

308

Polarization Observables in Kaon Electroproduction with CLAS at Jefferson Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

An extensive program of strange particle productian off the proton is currently underway with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) in Hall B at Jefferson Laboratory. Precision measurements of ground-state and low-lying excited-state hyperons are being carried out with both electron and real photon beams, both of which are available with high polarization at energies up to 6 GeV. This talk will focus an selected aspects of our strangeness physics program regarding electroproduction measurements of single and double-polarization observables.

Daniel S. Carman

2002-06-01

309

RF System High Power Amplifier Software Conversion at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

Jefferson Lab is in the process of converting the RF system from analog RF modules and non-smart high power amplifiers (HPAs) to digital RF modules and smart HPAs. The present analog RF module controls both the RF signal and the non-smart HPA hardware. The new digital RF module will only control the RF signal, so the new HPA must include embedded software. This paper will describe the conversion from a software perspective, including the initial testing, the intermediate mixed system of old and new units, and finally the totally new RF system.

G. Lahti; H. Dong; T. Seegerger

2006-10-31

310

Reporting on the Holocaust: the view from Jim Crow Alabama.  

PubMed

The press in Alabama covered major events taking place in Germany from the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazis in 1933 through the Nuremberg Trials in 1946. Journalists in the state provided extensive coverage, and editors did not hesitate to opine on the persecution of the Jews in Europe. Yet, Alabama’s white-run press failed in the end to explain the events as a singularly Jewish tragedy. The state’s black-run press, for its part, used the news of the mass killings of the Jews to warn against the dangers of conceptions of racial superiority—a primary concern for black southerners living in the Jim Crow South. PMID:22073444

Puckett, Dan J

2011-01-01

311

Magnitude and Frequency of Floods in Alabama, 2003  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Methods of estimating flood magnitudes for recurrence intervals of 1.5, 2, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 200, and 500 years have been developed for rural streams in Alabama that are not affected by regulation or urbanization. Regression relations were developed using generalized least-squares regression techniques to estimate flood magnitude and frequency on ungaged streams as a function of the basin drainage area. These methods are based on flood-frequency characteristics for 169 gaging stations in Alabama and 47 gaging stations in adjacent states having 10 or more years of record through September 2003. Graphical relations of peak flows to drainage areas are presented for sites along the Alabama, Coosa, Tallapoosa, Tennessee, Tombigbee, and Black Warrior Rivers. Equations that account for drainage area and percentage of impervious cover as independent variables also are provided for estimating flood magnitudes on ungaged urban streams (taken from a previous report).

Hedgecock, T.S.; Feaster, Toby D.

2007-01-01

312

Today's Students, Tomorrow's Citizens: Pathways for Learning, Science. Alabama High School Graduation Exam.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document introduces the Alabama Graduation Examination Program (AGEP) which provides learning opportunities for high school students to meet the minimum competency requirements to earn a high school diploma in the state of Alabama. The Alabama High School Graduation Examination (AHSGE) content includes the subject areas of reading…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery. Div. of Instructional Services.

313

77 FR 44238 - Public Water System Supervision Program Revision for the State of Alabama  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9705-1] Public Water System Supervision Program Revision for the State of Alabama...revising its approved Public Water System Supervision Program. Alabama has adopted the following...State of Alabama's Public Water System Supervision Program. DATES: Any interested...

2012-07-27

314

77 FR 36274 - Public Water System Supervision Program Revision for the State of Alabama  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9688-2] Public Water System Supervision Program Revision for the State of Alabama...revising its approved Public Water System Supervision Program. Alabama has adopted the following...State of Alabama's Public Water System Supervision Program. DATES: Any interested...

2012-06-18

315

The Alabama Constitution of 1901 Unit. Using Primary Sources in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching unit, "The Alabama Constitution of 1901 Unit," is the sixth in a series of 10 units about Alabama state history, part of a project designed to help teachers integrate the use of primary source materials into their classrooms. Although the units are designed to augment the study of Alabama, they are useful in the study of U.S.…

Alabama Dept. of Archives and History, Montgomery.

316

Evaluation of Alabama Public School Wellness Policies and State School Mandate Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study evaluated wellness policies created by Alabama public school districts and progress made in the implementation of Alabama State Department of Education (ALSDE) school food and nutrition mandates. Methods: Wellness policies from Alabama public school districts were compared to minimum requirements under the Child Nutrition…

Gaines, Alisha B.; Lonis-Shumate, Steven R.; Gropper, Sareen S.

2011-01-01

317

40 CFR 81.266 - Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

...false Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control...266 Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control... The Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality...of the Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. 1857h(f))...

2014-07-01

318

40 CFR 81.266 - Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control...266 Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control... The Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality...of the Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. 1857h(f))...

2011-07-01

319

40 CFR 81.266 - Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control...266 Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control... The Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality...of the Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. 1857h(f))...

2013-07-01

320

40 CFR 81.266 - Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control...266 Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control... The Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality...of the Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. 1857h(f))...

2012-07-01

321

40 CFR 81.266 - Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control...266 Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control... The Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality...of the Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. 1857h(f))...

2010-07-01

322

History of Science and Technology through Primary Sources: Thomas Jefferson's "Notes on the State of Virginia."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advocates the use of primary source materials in the classroom. Describes a lesson based on Thomas Jefferson's "Notes on the State of Virginia" in which students consider Jefferson's ideas on science and technology in the United States and Europe. Explores the links among science, technology, politics and social issues. (RW)

Mutchler, Kent D.

1989-01-01

323

Thomas Jefferson University scientists find eliminating the ‘good cholesterol’ receptor may fight breast cancer  

Cancer.gov

Removing a lipoprotein receptor known as SR-BI may help protect against breast cancer, as suggested by new findings presented at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2012 by Jefferson’s Kimmel Cancer Center researchers. In vitro and mouse studies revealed that depletion of the SR-BI resulted in a decrease in breast cancer cell growth.

324

Integrated Distribution Management System for Alabama Principal Investigator  

SciTech Connect

Southern Company Services, under contract with the Department of Energy, along with Alabama Power, Alstom Grid (formerly AREVA T&D) and others moved the work product developed in the first phase of the Integrated Distribution Management System (IDMS) from “Proof of Concept” to true deployment through the activity described in this Final Report. This Project – Integrated Distribution Management Systems in Alabama – advanced earlier developed proof of concept activities into actual implementation and furthermore completed additional requirements to fully realize the benefits of an IDMS. These tasks include development and implementation of a Distribution System based Model that enables data access and enterprise application integration.

Schatz, Joe

2013-03-31

325

Geophysical Characterization for Potential Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in the Black Warrior Basin of Alabama  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The southeastern US is a leading producer of carbon dioxide emissions in large part due to the high number of coal-fired power plants in the region. As part of a Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) funded geological characterization project we have collected a number of geophysical data sets that characterize the Black Warrior Basin in the vicinity of the Alabama Power Gorgas Steam Plant in Walker County, Alabama. These geophysical data sets are important for extending the results from our 8000-foot characterization hole throughout the basin. Two 5-mile seismic reflection profiles processed through pre-stack time migration image the Cambrian through Pennsylvanian stratigraphy in the basin. The major injection targets in the saline reservoirs of the Hartselle Sandstone, Tuscumbia Limestone, Stones River Group and Knox Group. Initial examination of the data show that it is well suited for techniques such as Amplitude Versus Offset (AVO) analysis and inversion with the downhole data. Multiple offset vertical seismic profiles (VSP) image the formations close to and at multiple azimuths away from the drill hole. These VSPs also provide an important link to the seismic reflection profiles, which pass a little less than a mile to the north of the drill hole. Three shallow microseismic wells in the vicinity of the main drill hole have 3-component geophones cemented at depths of 50, 150, and 250 foot. These wells, designed to record small magnitude seismic events resulting from low-volume water injection, are important for characterizing the local fracture pathways and stress fields. Downhole gravity data complements the usual suite of downhole tools by imaging density variations deeper into the formations and ensuring that the identified saline reservoirs are not locally discontinuous.

Goodliffe, A. M.; Harris, W.; Rutter, R. S.; Clark, P.; Pashin, J. C.; Esposito, R. A.

2011-12-01

326

Community health impact of extended loss of water service--Alabama, January 2010.  

PubMed

Access to clean water is fundamental to good health. During January 2010, approximately 18,000 residents of two predominantly rural counties in Alabama lost access to municipal water for up to 12 days after below-freezing temperatures led to breaks in water mains and residential water pipes and caused widespread systemic mechanical failures. To assess potential health impacts, use of alternative water sources, and effectiveness of the emergency response, the Alabama Department of Public Health (ADPH) invited CDC to assist in an investigation that included a survey of 470 households representing 1,283 residents and a qualitative investigation (i.e., focus group discussions and interviews with key informants). This report summarizes the results of that investigation, which found a significantly higher prevalence of acute gastrointestinal illness (AGI) among residents of households that lost both water service and water pressure (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 2.6), that lost water service for ?7 days (AOR = 2.4), and that lost water pressure for ?7 days (AOR = 3.5). Significant dose-response relationships were observed between increased duration of lost water service or pressure and AGI. The survey and qualitative investigation revealed that households, communities, water utilities, and institutions were not adequately prepared for water emergencies in areas of communication and notification, planning for alternative water sources, and interagency coordination. Health effects from loss of water supply or water pressure might be mitigated by public health involvement in fostering household, community, and interagency preparedness, and developing communication strategies that will reach the majority of citizens in a timely manner. PMID:21330964

2011-02-18

327

Photon Source Capabilities of the Jefferson Lab FEL  

SciTech Connect

Jefferson Lab operates a superconducting energy recovered linac which is operated with CW RF and which powers oscillator-based IR and UV Free Electron Lasers (FELs) with diffraction limited sub-picosecond pulses with >10{sup 13} photons per pulse (1.0%BW) at pulse repetition frequencies up to 75 MHz. Useful harmonics extend into the vacuum ultraviolet (VUV). Based on FEL model calculations validated using this facility, we have designed both an oscillator-based VUV-FEL that would produce 6 ? 10{sup12} coherent (0.5% BW) 100 eV photons per pulse at multi-MHz repetition rates in the fundamental, and a dual FEL configuration that would allow simultaneous lasing lasing at THz and UV wavelengths. The VUV-FEL would utilize a novel high gain, low Q cavity, while the THz source would be an FEL oscillator with a short wiggler providing diffraction limited pulses with pulse energy exceeding 50 microJoules. The THz source would use the exhaust beam from a UVFEL. Such multiphoton capabilities would provide unique opportunities for out of equilibrium dynamical studies at time-scales down to 50 fs. The fully coherent nature of all these sources results in peak and average brightness values that are many orders of magnitude higher than storage rings. * We acknowledge support from the Commonwealth of Virginia. Jefferson Lab is supported by the U.S. DOE under Contract No. DE-AC05-84-ER40150.

Benson, Stephen V.; Douglas, David R.; Evtushenko, Pavel; Hannon, Fay E.; Hernandez-Garcia, Carlos; Klopf, John M.; Legg, Robert A.; Neil, George R.; Shinn, Michelle D.; Tennant, Christopher D.; Zhang, Shukui; Williams, Gwyn P.

2013-03-01

328

Metamorphic Mountain, Mount Jefferson State Park: An Environmental Education Learning Experience Designed for Grades 5-7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mount Jefferson State Natural Area is located in the southern Blue Ridge highlands of North Carolina and covers 489 acres, which includes peaks and upper slopes to the Mount Jefferson mountain. This document introduces students to the geology of Mount Jefferson State Park and focuses on the geologic processes and rocks and minerals of Mount…

Pittman, George K., II; Hubbard, William F.; Lambert, Michael D.; Beazley, Lea J.

329

The University of Alabama 1 Department of Computer Science  

E-print Network

The University of Alabama 1 Department of Computer Science Computer science is a multifaceted discipline that encompasses a broad range of topics. At one end of the spectrum, computer science focuses. At the other applications-oriented end of the spectrum, computer science deals with techniques for the design

Carver, Jeffrey C.

330

The OOPSLA Trivia Show (TOOTS) University of Alabama at Birmingham  

E-print Network

The OOPSLA Trivia Show (TOOTS) Jeff Gray University of Alabama at Birmingham Department of Computer participation. 1. Overview of the OOPSLA Trivia Show OOPSLA has one of the most diverse collections of attendees on topics related to OOPSLA. 2. The OOPSLA Trivia Show Rules The panel will follow the general rules

Gray, Jeffrey G.

331

Parameters of triggered-lightning flashes in Florida and Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Channel base currents from triggered lightning were measured at the NASA Kennedy Space Center, Florida, during summer 1990 and at Fort McClellan, Alabama, during summer 1991. Additionally, 16-mm cinematic records with 3- or 5-ms resolution were obtained for all flashes, and streak camera records were obtained for three of the Florida flashes. The 17 flashes analyzed contained 69 strokes, all

R. J. Fisher; G. H. Schnetzer; R. Thottappillil; V. A. Rakov; M. A. Uman; J. D. Goldberg

1993-01-01

332

Portland Cement Concrete Pavement Shannon Golden, Alabama DOT  

E-print Network

Portland Cement Concrete Pavement Shannon Golden, Alabama DOT PORTLAND CEMENT CONCRETE PAVEMENT may be substituted for part of the required Portland cement. Substitution of mineral admixtures shall Cement shall not exceed the percentages shown in the following table: MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE SUBSTITUTION

333

77 FR 8942 - Alabama Disaster Number AL-00040  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...disaster for the State of Alabama (FEMA-4052-DR), dated 02/01/2012. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-Line Winds, and Flooding. Incident Period: 01/22/2012 through 01/23/2012. Effective Date: 02/07/2012....

2012-02-15

334

Accelerating the College and Career Readiness of Alabama's Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alabama is in the process of transitioning to new English language arts and mathematics standards that will better prepare students to be successful in college and their careers. Time, effort, and resources must be dedicated to effective implementation in order to realize the promise of these new common core state standards. This paper captures…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

335

Survey of Sampled Higher Education Institutions in Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This survey examined the extent of implementation of technology standards into Alabama preservice teacher education programs Researchers identified five graduate and five undergraduate education programs with the highest enrollments at the 15 higher education institutions affiliated with the ALAPT3 project. Contacts at 10 of the schools of…

Nix, Thomas; Snyder, Scott; Fritschi, Jennifer

336

The Alabama Space and Rocket Center: The Second Decade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Alabama Space and Rocket Center in Huntsville, the world's largest rocket and space museum, includes displays illustrating American rocket history, exhibits and demonstrations on rocketry principles and experiences, and simulations of space travel. A new project includes an integrated recreational-educational complex, described in the three…

Buckbee, Edward O.

1983-01-01

337

Deepwater Horizon oil spill impacts on Alabama beaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

From mid June 2010 to early August 2010, the white sandy beaches along Alabama's Gulf coast were inundated with crude oil discharged from the Deepwater Horizon well. The long-term consequences of this environmental catastrophe are still unfolding. Although BP has attempted to clean up some of these beaches, there still exist many unanswered questions regarding the physical, chemical, and ecological

J. S. Hayworth; T. P. Clement; J. F. Valentine

2011-01-01

338

Alabama Commission on Higher Education. Annual Report, 1993-94.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annual report of the Alabama Commission on Higher Education describes new academic programs approved, allied health programs, off-campus instruction, computer-based articulation, rising junior exam, the Academic Common Market, educational technologies, Governor's Conference on Higher Education, Eminent Scholars Program, Meharry Medical…

Alabama State Commission on Higher Education, Montgomery.

339

Alabama Commission on Higher Education. Annual Report 1987-88.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Activities of the Alabama State Commission on Higher Education are described. Three sections discuss the following: (1) planning and coordination activities (unified budget recommendation, statewide planning process, research and service program inventory, new program approval, off-campus instruction, non-resident institutional review, conference…

Alabama State Commission on Higher Education, Montgomery.

340

The University of Alabama: A Study in Bureaucracy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some of the bureaucratic forces that affect the University of Alabama are discussed. External forces include the federal and state governments, the statewide coordinating body for higher education, accrediting agencies, and the university system under which the institution operates. Other forces are at work internally that compound the…

Alabama State Univ. System, Montgomery.

341

76 FR 39149 - Alabama Disaster Number AL-00036  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...declaration of a major disaster for the State of Alabama (FEMA-1971-DR), dated 04/28/ 2011. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding. Incident Period: 04/15/2011 through 05/31/2011. Effective Date:...

2011-07-05

342

Psychometric Properties of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire-Preschool Revision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The psychometric properties of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire-Preschool Revision (APQ-PR) were explored in a sample of hyperactive-inattentive preschool children (N = 47) and nonimpaired controls (N = 113). A subset of parents completed the questionnaire on 2 occasions, approximately 1 year apart. Factor analysis revealed a 3-factor solution,…

Clerkin, Suzanne M.; Marks, David J.; Policaro, Katia L.; Halperin, Jeffrey M.

2007-01-01

343

Four new species of Gyrodactylus from fishes of Alabama.  

PubMed

Four new species of Gyrodactylus are described from fishes of Alabama. Gyrodactylus dorosomae was collected from Dorosoma cepedianum (Le Sueur) and D. petenense (Gunther); G. parvicirrus from Notropis atherinoides Raf; G. lythruri from Notropis b. bellus Hay and N. atrapiculus Snelson; and G. nigrum from Etheostoma nigrum Raf. PMID:1117368

Rogers, W A

1975-02-01

344

Estimating flood hydrographs and volumes for Alabama streams  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The hydraulic design of highway drainage structures involves an evaluation of the effect of the proposed highway structures on lives, property, and stream stability. Flood hydrographs and associated flood volumes are useful tools in evaluating these effects. For design purposes, the Alabama Highway Department needs information on flood hydrographs and volumes associated with flood peaks of specific recurrence intervals (design floods) at proposed or existing bridge crossings. This report will provide the engineer with a method to estimate flood hydrographs, volumes, and lagtimes for rural and urban streams in Alabama with drainage areas less than 500 sq mi. Existing computer programs and methods to estimate flood hydrographs and volumes for ungaged streams have been developed in Georgia. These computer programs and methods were applied to streams in Alabama. The report gives detailed instructions on how to estimate flood hydrographs for ungaged rural or urban streams in Alabama with drainage areas less than 500 sq mi, without significant in-channel storage or regulations. (USGS)

Olin, D.A.; Atkins, J.B.

1988-01-01

345

Laboratory Safety Manual for Alabama Schools. Bulletin 1975. No. 20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the Alabama State Department of Education guidelines for science laboratory safety, equipment, storage, chemical safety, rocket safety, electrical safety, safety with radioisotopes, and safety with biologicals. Also included is a brief bibliography, a teacher's checklist, a listing of laser facts and regulations, and a…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.

346

Back to the Basics: Birmingham, Alabama, Measurement and Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Back to the Basics: Birmingham, Alabama" is the fourth in a series of workshops that focus on teaching foundational map reading and spatial differentiation skills. It is the second published exercise from the Back to the Basics series developed by the Wetland Education through Maps and Aerial Photography (WETMAAP) Program (see "Journal of…

Handley, Lawrence R.; Lockwood, Catherine M.; Handley, Nathan

2005-01-01

347

Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 4): Perdido Groundwater Contamination Site, Perdido, Alabama (first remedial action) September 1988. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Perdido Groundwater Contamination site is located in the Town of Perdido, Baldwin County, Alabama. Site contamination occurred as a result of a 1965 train derailment on the Louisville and Nashville Railroad (now CSX Transportation, Inc.). Chemical (particularly benzene) from derailed tank cars spilled into drainage ditches, infiltrating the underlying aquifer. The area of ground water contamination covers approximately 15 acres and is centered downgradient about 300 yards from the derailment site. The Alabama Department of Public Health, Division of Public Water Supply (ADPWS) first documented reports of taste and odor problems in resident's water wells in 1981. Further studies showed benzene contamination in 6 of 27 wells, which led to supplying bottled water to 250 affected residents. The selected remedial action for this site includes: ground water pump and treatment using air stripping or activated carbon adsorption with the reinjection of treated water back into the aquifer, and air monitoring during operations; and ground water monitoring to measure success of the cleanup. The estimated capital cost for this remedial action is $169,000 with estimated annual O C cost of $103,000.

Not Available

1988-09-30

348

Topobathymetric model of Mobile Bay, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Topobathymetric Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) are a merged rendering of both topography (land elevation) and bathymetry (water depth) that provides a seamless elevation product useful for inundation mapping, as well as for other earth science applications, such as the development of sediment-transport, sea-level rise, and storm-surge models. This 1/9-arc-second (approximately 3 meters) resolution model of Mobile Bay, Alabama was developed using multiple topographic and bathymetric datasets, collected on different dates. The topographic data were obtained primarily from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Elevation Dataset (NED) (http://ned.usgs.gov/) at 1/9-arc-second resolution; USGS Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL) data (2 meters) (http://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/400/); and topographic lidar data (2 meters) and Compact Hydrographic Airborne Rapid Total Survey (CHARTS) lidar data (2 meters) from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) (http://www.csc.noaa.gov/digitalcoast/data/coastallidar/). Bathymetry was derived from digital soundings obtained from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) (http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/mgg/geodas/geodas.html) and from water-penetrating lidar sources, such as EAARL and CHARTS. Mobile Bay is ecologically important as it is the fourth largest estuary in the United States. The Mobile and Tensaw Rivers drain into the bay at the northern end with the bay emptying into the Gulf of Mexico at the southern end. Dauphin Island (a barrier island) and the Fort Morgan Peninsula form the mouth of Mobile Bay. Mobile Bay is 31 miles (50 kilometers) long by a maximum width of 24 miles (39 kilometers) with a total area of 413 square miles (1,070 square kilometers). The vertical datum of the Mobile Bay topobathymetric model is the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88). All the topographic datasets were originally referenced to NAVD 88 and no transformations were made to these input data. The NGDC hydrographic, multibeam, and trackline surveys were transformed from mean low water (MLW) or mean lower low water (MLLW) to NAVD 88 using VDatum (http://vdatum.noaa.gov). VDatum is a tool developed by the National Geodetic Survey (NGS) that performs transformations among tidal, ellipsoid-based, geoid-based, and orthometric datums using calibrated hydrodynamic models. The vertical accuracy of the input topographic data varied depending on the input source. Because the input elevation data were derived primarily from lidar, the vertical accuracy ranges from 6 to 20 centimeters in root mean square error (RMSE). he horizontal datum of the Mobile Bay topobathymetric model is the North American Datum of 1983 (NAD 83), geographic coordinates. All the topographic and bathymetric datasets were originally referenced to NAD 83, and no transformations were made to the input data. The bathymetric surveys were downloaded referenced to NAD 83 geographic, and therefore no horizontal transformations were required. The topbathymetric model of Mobile Bay and detailed metadata can be obtained from the USGS Web sites: http://nationalmap.gov/.

Danielson, Jeffrey J.; Brock, John C.; Howard, Daniel M.; Gesch, Dean B.; Bonisteel-Cormier, Jamie M.; Travers, Laurinda J.

2013-01-01

349

Jefferson Lab injector development for next generation parity violation experiments  

SciTech Connect

To meet the challenging requirements of next generation parity violation experiments at Jefferson Lab, the Center for Injectors and Sources is working on improving the parity-quality of the electron beam. These improvements include new electron photogun design and fast helicity reversal of the Pockels Cell. We proposed and designed a new scheme for slow helicity reversal using a Wien Filter and two Solenoids. This slow reversal complements the insertable half-wave plate reversal of the laser-light polarization by reversing the electron beam polarization at the injector while maintaining a constant accelerator configuration. For position feedback, fast air-core magnets located in the injector were commissioned and a new scheme for charge feedback is planned.

J. Grames, J. Hansknect, M. Poelker, R. Suleiman

2011-05-01

350

The 6 GeV TMD Program at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

The study of the transverse momentum dependent parton distributions (TMDs) of the nucleon in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering (SIDIS) has emerged as one of the major physics motivations driving the experimental program using the upgraded 11 GeV electron beam at Jefferson Lab’s Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF). The accelerator construction phase of the CEBAF upgrade is essentially complete and commissioning of the accelerator has begun as of April, 2014. As the new era of CEBAF operations begins, it is appropriate to review the body of published and forthcoming results on TMDs from the 6 GeV era of CEBAF operations, discuss what has been learned, and discuss the key challenges and opportunities for the 11 GeV SIDIS program of CEBAF.

Puckett, Andrew J. [University of Connecticut, JLAB

2015-01-01

351

ELECTROSTATIC MODELING OF THE JEFFERSON LABORATORY INVERTED CERAMIC GUN  

SciTech Connect

Jefferson Laboratory (JLab) is currently developing a new 500kV DC electron gun for future use with the FEL. The design consists of two inverted ceramics which support a central cathode electrode. This layout allows for a load-lock system to be located behind the gun chamber. The electrostatic geometry of the gun has been designed to minimize surface electric field gradients and also to provide some transverse focusing to the electron beam during transit between the cathode and anode. This paper discusses the electrode design philosophy and presents the results of electrostatic simulations. The electric field information obtained through modeling was used with particle tracking codes to predict the effects on the electron beam.

P. Evtushenko ,F.E. Hannon, C. Hernandez-Garcia

2010-05-01

352

The Heavy Photon Search Experiment at Jefferson Laboratory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Heavy Photon Search (HPS) is a new experiment at Jefferson Lab that will search for massive U(1) vector bosons (also known as heavy photons, dark photons, or A') of mass 20--1000 MeV that couple to electric charge with relative coupling ?'/? of 10-5--10-10. The HPS experiment is designed to produce heavy photons by electron scattering off a fixed target, and detect them using two decay channels (e^+e^- or ^amp;+^amp;- pairs) and two signatures (invariant mass resonance and displaced decay vertex). The detector is a compact, large-acceptance forward spectrometer comprising a silicon microstrip tracker for momentum measurement and vertexing, an electromagnetic calorimeter for triggering on e^+e^-, and a muon detector for triggering on ^amp;+^amp;-. This talk will cover the motivations for heavy photons and give an overview of the HPS experiment.

Uemura, Sho

2013-04-01

353

The Heavy Photon Search experiment at Jefferson Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The Heavy Photon Search experiment (HPS) at Jefferson Laboratory will search for a new U(1) massive gauge boson, or "heavy-photon", mediator of a new fundamental interaction, called "dark-force", that couples to ordinary photons through kinetic mixing. HPS has sensitivity in the mass range 20 MeV – 1 GeV and coupling epsilon2 between 10?5 and 10?10. The HPS experiment will look for the e+e? decay of the heavy photon, by resonance search and detached vertexing, in an electron beam fixed target experiment. HPS will use a compact forward spectrometer, which employs silicon microstrip detectors for vertexing and tracking, and a PbWO4 electromagnetic calorimeter for energy measurement and fast triggering.

Celentano, Andrea [INFN-GENOVA

2014-11-01

354

Studies of the Electromagnetic Structure of Mesons at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

The Jefferson Laboratory Hall B PrimEx Collaboration is using tagged photons to perform an absolute 1.4% level cross section measurement of the photoproduction of neutral pions in the Coulomb field of a nucleus. The absolute cross section for this process is directly proportional to the neutral pion radiative decay width and consequently the uncertainty in the luminosity is directly reflected in the final error bar of the measurement. The PI has taken primary responsibility for the photon flux determination and in this technical report, we outline the steps taken to limit the uncertainty in the tagged photon flux to the 1% level. These include the use of a total absorption counter for absolute flux calibration, a pair spectrometer for online relative flux monitoring, and updated procedures for postbremsstrahlung electron counting. The photon tagging technique has been used routinely in its various forms to provide quasimonochromatic photons for absolute photonuclear cross section measurements. The analysis of such experiments in the context of bremsstrahlung photon tagging was summarized by Owens in 1990. Since then, a number of developments have made possible significant improvements in the implementation of this technique. Here, we describe the steps taken by the PrimEx Collaboration in Hall B of Jefferson Laboratory to limit the systematic uncertainty in the absolute photon flux to 1%. They include an absolute flux calibration at low intensity with a total absorption counter, online relative flux monitoring with a pair spectrometer, and the use of multihit time to digital converters for post bremsstrahlung electron counting during production data runs. While this discussion focuses on the analysis techniques utilized by the PrimEx Collaboration which involves a bremsstrahlung based photon tagging system to measure the neutral pion lifetime, the methods described herein readily apply to other types of photon tagging systems.

Dale, Daniel, S.

2012-11-11

355

Significance of the goniatite Bilinguites eliasi and associated biotas, Parkwood Formation and Bangor Limestone, northwestern Alabama ( USA).  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Bangor Limestone contains conodonts, smaller calcareous foraminifers, and a sparse marine macrofauna dating it as late or latest Chesterian (Late Mississippian). The Parkwood Formation, a paralic sequence disconformably overlying the Bangor, has yielded a fauna containing the reticuloceratid ammonoid Bilinguites eliasi Manger and Saunders which permits correlation of the Parkwood Formation in north-western Alabama to the upper part of the Prairie Grove Member of the Hale Formation in the type Morrowan sequence. The macrofauna occurring with the ammonoid, supports this correlation. Bilinguites eliasi also alows correlation with the lower part of the Yeadonian Stage (lowest Namurian 'C') of Europe. Florules collected just below and above the goniatite occurrence in Frankling County correlate with those in the lower two-thirds of the New River Formation, southern West Virgina, and with the upper Namurian of western Europe. -from Authors

Henry, T.W.; Gordon, M., Jr.; Schweinfurth, S.P.; Gillespie, W.H.

1985-01-01

356

Policies and Procedures for Foreign Exchange Agencies. First Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide details the policy of the Jefferson County (Alabama) Board of Education policy concerning international exchange of students (travel both to and from United States) in elementary and secondary grades. The first section specifies the standards by which the county will evaluate all international exchange agencies concerning structure,…

Hartman, Donald D.

357

Depositional environment of the upper Jurassic Norphlet and Smackover formations, Hatters Pond field, Mobile County, Alabama  

E-print Network

' B 11. Regional Setting The Gulf of Mexico Basin has been an area of sediment accumula? tion since the end of the Paleozoic. Established by late Pa'eozoic orogenics, the sediments thicken seaward (Murray, 1961) . The sedimen- tary facies.... The major ault zones are kr. own as the Pickens-Gilberton-Pollard fault zones (Oxley et. al. , 1968). Other major structural features are found in the northeastern Gulf Basin. The La Salle arch to the west, and tne Adams Courty olat- form and Wiggins...

Curtis, Robert Frederick

1982-01-01

358

Jefferson University-led team studies high dose vitamin C for advanced pancreatic cancer:  

Cancer.gov

A small phase I clinical trial at Jefferson University Hospitals of high-dose, intravenous vitamin C in combination with chemotherapy medications show that this treatment is safe and may have promise for patients with advanced pancreatic cancer.

359

77 FR 2120 - Environmental Impact Statement for New Orleans Rail Gateway (NORG), Jefferson and Orleans...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Environmental Impact Statement for New Orleans Rail Gateway (NORG), Jefferson and Orleans...related impacts of upgrading the New Orleans Rail Gateway (NORG) and infrastructure in...will prepare the EIS for the New Orleans Rail Gateway Program and infrastructure...

2012-01-13

360

Thomas Jefferson University study finds leukemia drug reverses tamoxifen resistance in breast cancer cells:  

Cancer.gov

Taking a leukemia chemotherapy drug may help breast cancer patients who don’t respond to tamoxifen overcome resistance to the widely-used drug, new research from the Kimmel Cancer Center at Jefferson suggests.

361

Performance of the Huntsville, Alabama Marx Meter Array  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Huntsville, Alabama Marx Meter Array (HAMMA) is a network of ground-based electric field change meters (Marx meters) deployed in Huntsville, Alabama and the surrounding areas. The Marx meters use GPS timing and have a sampling rate of 1 MHz. It has been shown previously, using several particular events, that time-of-arrival analysis can be used on HAMMA waveforms to locate lightning events. The natural next step is to devise an automated method for parsing HAMMA data and determining cloud-to-ground stroke locations and times for many strokes, which then should be compared with results from other well-characterized data sets. We will report on the results from this analysis and the comparison of these results with those from the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN). The discussion will include location errors and detection efficiency as a function of distance from the center of the array.

Burchfield, J. C.; Bitzer, P. M.; Franklin, V.; Christian, H. J.

2011-12-01

362

Digital Data for Volcano Hazards in the Mount Jefferson Region, Oregon  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Mount Jefferson has erupted repeatedly for hundreds of thousands of years, with its last eruptive episode during the last major glaciation which culminated about 15,000 years ago. Geologic evidence shows that Mount Jefferson is capable of large explosive eruptions. The largest such eruption occurred between 35,000 and 100,000 years ago. If Mount Jefferson erupts again, areas close to the eruptive vent will be severely affected, and even areas tens of kilometers (tens of miles) downstream along river valleys or hundreds of kilometers (hundreds of miles) downwind may be at risk. Numerous small volcanoes occupy the area between Mount Jefferson and Mount Hood to the north, and between Mount Jefferson and the Three Sisters region to the south. These small volcanoes tend not to pose the far-reaching hazards associated with Mount Jefferson, but are nonetheless locally important. A concern at Mount Jefferson, but not at the smaller volcanoes, is the possibility that small-to-moderate sized landslides could occur even during periods of no volcanic activity. Such landslides may transform as they move into lahars (watery flows of rock, mud, and debris) that can inundate areas far downstream. The geographic information system (GIS) volcano hazard data layer used to produce the Mount Jefferson volcano hazard map in USGS Open-File Report 99-24 (Walder and others, 1999) is included in this data set. Both proximal and distal hazard zones were delineated by scientists at the Cascades Volcano Observatory and depict various volcano hazard areas around the mountain.

Schilling, S.P.; Doelger, S.; Walder, J.S.; Gardner, C.A.; Conrey, R.M.; Fisher, B.J.

2008-01-01

363

Thomas Jefferson University study finds deviating from radiation protocols increases risk of treatment failure and death  

Cancer.gov

Implementing measures to ensure radiation therapy protocols are followed not only decreases deviations, but it can also improve overall survival in cancer patients, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital researchers suggest in a first-of-its kind study presented during a plenary session at the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) 54th Annual Meeting in Boston. Thomas Jefferson University Hospital is home to the Kimmel Cancer Center.

364

Frisco City sand: New Jurassic reservoir in southwest Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first commercial production of hydrocarbons from the Jurassic Haynesville Formation in southwestern Alabama was from the Frisco City field. The field currently produces 57.8° API gravity oil on 160-ac well spacing from a depth of approximately 12,000 ft. Perforations are in the Frisco City sand interval, in the lower part of the Haynesville Formation. Average porosity is 15% and

S. D. Mann; R. M. Mink; B. L. Bearden; R. D. Jr. Schneeflock

1989-01-01

365

TRANSMISSION OF EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALOMYELITIS VIRUS IN CENTRAL ALABAMA  

Microsoft Academic Search

A site nearTuskegee, Alabama was examined forvectoractivity of easter n e quine encephalomyelitis (EEE) virus in 2001. More than 23,000 mosquitoes representing 8 genera and 34 species were collected during a 21-week period, and five species, Culiseta melanura, Aedes vexans, Coquillettidia perturbans, Culex erraticus, and Uranotaenia sapphirina, were examined for the presence of virus using a nested reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain

EDDIE W. CUPP; KIMBERLY KLINGLER; HASSAN K. HASSAN; LESLIE M. VIGUERS; THOMAS R. UNNASCH

366

Mississippi/Alabama Pinnacle Trend Ecosystem Monitoring Final Synthesis Report  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This Final Synthesis Report summarizes a four-year program to characterize and monitor carbonate mounds on the Mississippi/Alabama outer continental shelf (OCS). The study area is shown in Fig.ES.1. The study was conducted by Continental Shelf Associates, Inc. and the Geochemical and Environmental Research Group (GERG) of Texas A&M University (TAMU), for the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Biological Resources Division.

Continental Shelf Associates Inc.; Texas A&M University, Geochemical and Environmental Research Group

2001-01-01

367

Dreaming big dreams: the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine.  

PubMed

The University of Alabama School of Medicine has a rich legacy dating back almost 150 years to Antebellum Mobile and the original Medical College of Alabama. The school's success helped transform Birmingham from a city rooted in the steel industry to one of the U.S.'s major biomedical research centers. Today the school is an internationally acclaimed leader in research and education and serves as the anchor of the University of Alabama at Birmingham and the UAB Health System. PMID:14515915

Mansfield, Laura A

2003-08-01

368

Balance : Lancaster County's tragedy  

E-print Network

Lancaster County, Pennsylvania residents are proud of their agricultural heritage. They do not want to see their farmland disappear. But the County continues to be developed into residential subdivisions. This thesis ...

Gingrich, Valerie (Valerie J.)

2007-01-01

369

Gluonic Excitations and Experimental Hall-D at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

A new tagged photon beam facility is being constructed in experimental Hall-D at Jefferson Lab as a part of the 12 GeV upgrade program. The 9 GeV linearly-polarized photon beam will be produced via coherent Bremsstrahlung using the CEBAF electron beam, incident on a diamond radiator. The GlueX experiment in Hall-D will use this photon beam to search for and study the pattern of gluonic excitations in the meson spectrum produced through photoproduction reactions with a liquid hydrogen target. Recent lattice QCD calculations predict a rich spectrum of hybrid mesons, that are formed by exciting the gluonic field that couples the quarks. A subset of these hybrid mesons are predicted to have exotic quantum numbers which cannot be formed from a simple qq^- pair, and thus provide an ideal laboratory for testing QCD in the confinement regime. In these proceedings the status of the construction and installation of the GlueX detector will be presented, in addition to simulation results for some reactions of interest in hybrid meson searches.

Stevens, Justin [MIT

2014-07-01

370

Precision Compton polarimetry for the QWeak experiment at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

The Q Weak experiment, scheduled to run in 2010-2012 in Hall C at Jefferson Lab, will measure the parity-violating asymmetry in elastic electron-proton scattering at 1.1 GeV to determine the weak charge of the proton, Q{sub Weak}{sup p} = 1 - 4 sin{sup 2} {theta}{sub W}. The dominant experimental systematic uncertainty will be the knowledge of the electron beam polarization. With a new Compton polarimeter we aim to measure the beam polarization with a statistical precision of 1% in one hour and a systematic uncertainty of 1%. A low-gain Fabry-Perot cavity laser system provides the circularly polarized photons. The scattered electrons are detected in radiation-hard diamond strip detectors, and form the basis for a coincidence trigger using distributed logic boards. The photon detector uses a fast, undoped CsI crystal with simultaneous sampling and integrating read-out. Coincident events are used to cross-calibrate the photon and electron detectors.

Wouter Deconinck

2011-10-01

371

Optical modeling of the Jefferson Lab IR Demo FEL  

SciTech Connect

The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (formerly known as CEBAF) has embarked on the construction of a 1 kW free-electron laser operating initially at 3 microns that is designed for laser-material interaction experiments and to explore the feasibility of scaling the system in power and wavelength for industrial and Navy defense applications. The superconducting radio-frequency linac, and single-pass transport which accelerates the beam from injector to wiggler, followed by energy-recovery deceleration to a dump. The electron and optical beam time structure in the design consists of a train of pecosecond pulses at a 37.425 MHz pulse repetition rate. The initial optical configuration is a conventional near-concentric resonator with transmissive outcoupling. Future upgrades of the system will increase the power and shorten the operating wavelength, and utilize a more advanced resonator system capable of scaling to high powers. The optical system of the laser has been mode led using the GLAD code by using a Beer's-law region to mimic the FEL interaction. Effects such as mirror heating have been calculated and compared with analytical treatments. The magnitude of the distorium for several materials and wavelengths has been estimated. The advantages as well as the limitations of this approach are discussed.

G. Neil; S. Benson; Michelle D. Shinn; P. Davidson; P. Kloppel

1997-01-01

372

Online Model Server for the Jefferson Lab Accelerator  

SciTech Connect

A beam physics model server has been developed for the Jefferson Lab accelerator. This online model server is a redesign of the ARTEMIS model server [1]. The need arose from an impedance mismatch between the current requirements and ARTEMIS capabilities. The purpose of the model server is to grant access to both static (machine lattice parameters) and dynamic (actual machine settings) data using a single programming interface. A set of useful optics calculations (R-Matrix, orbit fit, etc.) has also been implemented and can be invoked by clients via the model interface. Clients may also register their own dynamic models in the server. The server interacts with clients using the CDEV protocol, and data integrity is guaranteed by a relational database (ORACLE) accessed through a persistence layer. By providing a centralized repository for both data and optics calculations,the following benefits were achieved: optimal use of network consumption, software reuse,and ease of maintenance. This work was supported by the U.S. DOE contract No. DE-AC05-84ER40150. Reference: The Use of ARTEMIS with High-Level Applications, ICALEPCS 95, Chicago, IL, Oct 29-Nov 3, 1995.

Yves R. Roblin; Theodore L. Larrieu

2001-11-01

373

12 GeV detector technology at Jefferson Lab  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) is presently in the middle of an upgrade to increase the energy of its CW electron beam from 6 GeV to 12 GeV along with the addition of a fourth experimental hall. Driven both by necessity and availability, novel detectors and electronics modules have been used in the upgrade. One such sensor is the Silicon Photomultiplier (SiPM), specifically a Multi-Pixel Photon Counter (MPPC), which is an array of avalanche photodiode pixels operating in Geiger mode that are used to sense photons. The SiPMs replace conventional photomultiplier tubes and have several distinct advantages including the safe operation in a magnetic field and the lack of need for high voltage. Another key to 12 GeV success is advanced fast electronics. Jlab will use custom 250 MHz and 125 MHz 12-bit analog to digital converters (ADCs) and time to digital converters (TDCs) all of which take advantage of VME Switched Serial (VXS) bus with its GB/s high bandwidth readout capability. These new technologies will be used to readout drift chambers, calorimeters, spectrometers and other particle detectors at Jlab once the 12 GeV upgrade is complete. The largest experiment at Jlab utilizing these components is GlueX - an experiment in the newly constructed Hall D that will study the photoproduction of light mesons in the search for hybrid mesons. The performance of these components and their respective detectors will be presented.

Leckey, John P.; GlueX Collaboration

2013-04-01

374

12 GeV detector technology at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) is presently in the middle of an upgrade to increase the energy of its CW electron beam from 6 GeV to 12 GeV along with the addition of a fourth experimental hall. Driven both by necessity and availability, novel detectors and electronics modules have been used in the upgrade. One such sensor is the Silicon Photomultiplier (SiPM), specifically a Multi-Pixel Photon Counter (MPPC), which is an array of avalanche photodiode pixels operating in Geiger mode that are used to sense photons. The SiPMs replace conventional photomultiplier tubes and have several distinct advantages including the safe operation in a magnetic field and the lack of need for high voltage. Another key to 12 GeV success is advanced fast electronics. Jlab will use custom 250 MHz and 125 MHz 12-bit analog to digital converters (ADCs) and time to digital converters (TDCs) all of which take advantage of VME Switched Serial (VXS) bus with its GB/s high bandwidth readout capability. These new technologies will be used to readout drift chambers, calorimeters, spectrometers and other particle detectors at Jlab once the 12 GeV upgrade is complete. The largest experiment at Jlab utilizing these components is GlueX - an experiment in the newly constructed Hall D that will study the photoproduction of light mesons in the search for hybrid mesons. The performance of these components and their respective detectors will be presented.

Leckey, John P. [Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405 (United States); Collaboration: GlueX Collaboration

2013-04-19

375

Evolution of the Generic Lock System at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

The Generic Lock system is a software framework that allows highly flexible feedback control of large distributed systems. It allows system operators to implement new feedback loops between arbitrary process variables quickly and with no disturbance to the underlying control system. Several different types of feedback loops are provided and more are being added. This paper describes the further evolution of the system since it was first presented at ICALEPCS 2001 and reports on two years of successful use in accelerator operations. The framework has been enhanced in several key ways. Multiple-input, multiple-output (MIMO) lock types have been added for accelerator orbit and energy stabilization. The general purpose Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) locks can now be tuned automatically. The generic lock server now makes use of the Proxy IOC (PIOC) developed at Jefferson Lab to allow the locks to be monitored from any EPICS Channel Access aware client. (Previously clients had to be Cdev aware.) The dependency on the Qt XML parser has been replaced with the freely available Xerces DOM parser from the Apache project.

Brian Bevins; Yves Roblin

2003-10-13

376

Percent Uninsured by County  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a county by county visualization of the percentage of residents that are uninsured. The data are from a set available here: http://www-958.ibm.com/software/data/cognos/manyeyes/datasets/percent-uninsured-by-county/versions/1

Manyeyes

377

Phase III Early Restoration Projects Alabama Florida Louisiana Mississippi Texas  

E-print Network

use projects in Wakulla County. As a result of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, the public's access,006. Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Natural Resource Damage Assessment Florida: Wakulla County Projects #12;2014 www DESCRIPTIONS The Deepwater Horizon Natural Resource Damage Assessment Trustees have selected three recreational

378

Phase III Early Restoration Projects Alabama Florida Louisiana Mississippi Texas  

E-print Network

use projects in Gulf County. As a result of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, the public's access projects is $806,972. Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Natural Resource Damage Assessment Florida: Gulf County DESCRIPTIONS The Deepwater Horizon Natural Resource Damage Assessment Trustees have selected four recreational

379

33 CFR 334.783 - Arlington Channel, U.S. Coast Guard Base Mobile, Mobile, Alabama, Coast Guard restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Arlington Channel, U.S. Coast Guard Base Mobile, Mobile, Alabama, Coast Guard restricted area. 334.783...783 Arlington Channel, U.S. Coast Guard Base Mobile, Mobile, Alabama, Coast Guard restricted area....

2012-07-01

380

33 CFR 334.783 - Arlington Channel, U.S. Coast Guard Base Mobile, Mobile, Alabama, Coast Guard restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Arlington Channel, U.S. Coast Guard Base Mobile, Mobile, Alabama, Coast Guard restricted area. 334.783...783 Arlington Channel, U.S. Coast Guard Base Mobile, Mobile, Alabama, Coast Guard restricted area....

2013-07-01

381

76 FR 9320 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; 90-Day Finding on a Petition To List Alabama Shad as...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; 90-Day Finding on a Petition To List Alabama Shad...Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice of 90-day petition finding...SUMMARY: We (NMFS) announce a 90-day finding on a petition to list Alabama...

2011-02-17

382

33 CFR 334.782 - SUPSHIP Gulf Coast, Pascagoula, Mississippi, Detachment Mobile, Alabama at AUSTAL, USA, Mobile...  

... SUPSHIP Gulf Coast, Pascagoula, Mississippi, Detachment Mobile, Alabama at AUSTAL... SUPSHIP Gulf Coast, Pascagoula, Mississippi, Detachment Mobile, Alabama at AUSTAL...Repair, USN, Gulf Coast, Pascagoula, Mississippi or his/her authorized...

2014-07-01

383

33 CFR 334.782 - SUPSHIP Gulf Coast, Pascagoula, Mississippi, Detachment Mobile, Alabama at AUSTAL, USA, Mobile...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... SUPSHIP Gulf Coast, Pascagoula, Mississippi, Detachment Mobile, Alabama at AUSTAL... SUPSHIP Gulf Coast, Pascagoula, Mississippi, Detachment Mobile, Alabama at AUSTAL...Repair, USN, Gulf Coast, Pascagoula, Mississippi or his/her authorized...

2013-07-01

384

The Proton Form Factor Ratio Measurements at Jefferson Lab  

E-print Network

The ratio of the proton form factors, GEp/GMp, has been measured from Q2 of 0.5 GeV2 to 8.5 GeV2, at the Jefferson Laboratory, using the polarization transfer method. This ratio is extracted directly from the measured ratio of the transverse and longitudinal polarization components of the recoiling proton in elastic electron-proton scattering. The discovery that the proton form factor ratio measured in these experiments decreases approximately linearly with four-momentum transfer, Q2, for values above ? 1 GeV2, is one of the most significant results to come out of JLab. These results have had a large impact on progress in hadronic physics; and have required a significant rethinking of nucleon structure. The increasingly common use of the double-polarization technique to measure the nucleon form factors, in the last 15 years, has resulted in a dramatic improvement of the quality of all four nucleon electromagnetic form factors, GEp, GMp, GEn and GMn. There is an approved experiment at JLab, GEP(V), to continue the ratio measurements to 12 GeV2. A dedicated experimental setup, the Super Bigbite Spectrometer (SBS), will be built for this purpose. It will be equipped with a focal plane polarimeter to measure the polarization of the recoil protons. The scattered electrons will be detected in an electromagnetic calorimeter. In this presentation, I will review the status of the proton elastic electromagnetic form factors and discuss a number of theoretical approaches to describe nucleon form factors.

Vina Punjabi; Charles F. Perdrisat

2014-03-21

385

The Proton Form Factor Ratio Measurements at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

The ratio of the proton form factors, G{sub Ep}/G{sub Mp}, has been measured from Q{sup 2} of 0.5 GeV{sup 2} to 8.5 GeV{sup 2}, at the Jefferson Laboratory, using the polarization transfer method. This ratio is extracted directly from the measured ratio of the transverse and longitudinal polarization components of the recoiling proton in elastic electron-proton scattering. The discovery that the proton form factor ratio measured in these experiments decreases approximately linearly with four-momentum transfer, Q{sup 2}, for values above #25;~1 GeV{sup 2}, is one of the most significant results to come out of JLab. These results have had a large impact on progress in hadronic physics; and have required a significant rethinking of nucleon structure. The increasingly common use of the double-polarization technique to measure the nucleon form factors, in the last 15 years, has resulted in a dramatic improvement of the quality of all four nucleon electromagnetic form factors, G{sub Ep}, G{sub Mp}, G{sub En} and G{sub Mn}. There is an approved experiment at JLab, GEP(V), to continue the ratio measurements to 12 GeV{sup 2}. A dedicated experimental setup, the Super Bigbite Spectrometer (SBS), will be built for this purpose. It will be equipped with a focal plane polarimeter to measure the polarization of the recoil protons. The scattered electrons will be detected in an electromagnetic calorimeter. In this presentation, I will review the status of the proton elastic electromagnetic form factors and discuss a number of theoretical approaches to describe nucleon form factors.

Punjabi, Vina A. [Norfolk State University, Norfolk, VA (United States); Perdrisat, Charles F. [William and Mary College, Williamsburg, VA (United States)

2014-03-01

386

Jefferson Lab Experiments Shed new Light on the Proton  

SciTech Connect

In experiments 93-027 and 99-007 at Jefferson Lab (JLab) the ratio of the electromagnetic elastic form factors of the proton, G{sub E{sub p}}/G{sub M{sub p}}, was measured with high precision, up to four momentum transfer Q{sup 2} of 3.5 GeV{sup 2} and 5.6 GeV{sup 2}, respectively, with the recoil polarization technique. The data from these two JLab experiments have shown an unexpected and significantly different Q{sup 2}-dependence for the electric and magnetic form factors, starting at about Q{sup 2}=1 GeV{sup 2}, up to the maximum value of 5.6 GeV{sup 2}, revealing a definite difference in spatial distribution of charge and magnetization at short distances. The combined results of the two JLab experiments were surprising as they appeared to contradict the consensus based on Rosenbluth separation results for (G{sub E{sub p}}){sup 2} and G{sub M{sub p}}{sup 2}: the ratio {mu}{sub p}G{sub E{sub p}}/G{sub M{sub p}} obtained with the Rosenbluth method appear to be near 1 up to about 6 GeV{sup 2}. This un-bridgeable difference between cross section and polarization experiments has been reinforced with two recent JLab Rosenbluth experiments; it appears increasingly difficult to explain it away by methodological or systematic errors. We are currently preparing a third experiment at JLab, this time in Hall C, to extend the Q{sup 2}-range to 9 GeV{sup 2}.

Vina Punjabi

2005-09-15

387

40 CFR 81.187 - Olympic-Northwest Washington Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...so delimited): In the State of Washington: Clallam County, Grays Harbor County, Island County, Jefferson County, Mason County, Pacific County, San Juan County, Skagit County, Thurston County, Whatcom...

2011-07-01

388

40 CFR 81.187 - Olympic-Northwest Washington Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...so delimited): In the State of Washington: Clallam County, Grays Harbor County, Island County, Jefferson County, Mason County, Pacific County, San Juan County, Skagit County, Thurston County, Whatcom...

2010-07-01

389

Transition V & VI in Alabama: A Profile of Commitment. State Conference Proceedings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides information on the Alabama Transition Initiative for students with disabilities, including papers presented at two statewide transition conferences. Conference papers include: (1) "Pell City School System's Community Transition Team Model" (Deloris Frasier); (2) "Alabama's MH/MR Service Coordinators in Transition" (Billy…

Browning, Philip; Rabren, Karen

390

IMPACT OF WINTER POULTRY LITTER MANURE APPLICATION BAN ON REDUCING NUTRIENT LOSSES IN ALABAMA  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

To address the potential of non-point nutrient enrichment of surface waters from land application of manure, the Alabama Natural Soil Conservation Service (NRCS) has adopted new nutrient management standards (NRCS Code 590) which effectively bans the application of animal manures in North Alabama du...

391

78 FR 14403 - Alabama Metal Coil Securement Act; Petition for Determination of Preemption  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. FMCSA-2011-0318] Alabama Metal Coil Securement Act; Petition for Determination...determination that the State of Alabama's Metal Coil Securement Act (the Act) is preempted...75 FR 82132). Background The Metal Coil Securement Act The Act, adopted in...

2013-03-05

392

PLATO Use for Graduation Test Preparation, Piedmont High School, Piedmont, Alabama. PLATO Evaluation Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Piedmont High School is a small high school in rural Alabama, which serves a primarily white population and has a high dropout rate. PLATO computerized instruction has been used by almost 200 skill-deficient students, and 4 teachers have used it. After using PLATO, Piedmonts struggling students are much more likely to pass the Alabama High School…

Quinn, David W.; Quinn, Nancy W.

393

Illicit Drug Use and the Social Context of HIV/AIDS in Alabama's Black Belt  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: The rural Black Belt of Alabama is among the poorest areas of the nation. Poverty, lack of health infrastructure, and health disparities involving HIV/AIDS and other diseases reflect the lower life expectancy of people in the region. The Black Belt region has the highest HIV rates in rural America. Purpose: Using Alabama as a case…

Lichtenstein, Bronwen

2007-01-01

394

Resource Sharing and Coordinated Collection Development in the Network of Alabama Academic Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1982 the Council of Librarians of the Alabama Commission on Higher Education (ACHE) recommended the establishment of a cooperative network of the state's academic libraries. The creation of the Network of Alabama Academic Libraries (NAAL) arose out of the need to correct historical deficiencies in the library collections supporting graduate education as well as to establish a mechanism for

Linda McNair Cohen

1988-01-01

395

Servant Leadership in Alabama's Regional Public Universities: The President's Role in Fostering Job Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to explore the relationship between two variables, "servant leadership" and "job satisfaction," among management, executive staff, and faculty at Alabama's five regional universities: Jacksonville State University, Troy University, the University of Montevallo, the University of North Alabama, and the University of…

Farris, Jimmy D.

2011-01-01

396

Project ROSE (recycled oil saves energy): Alabama's used oil recycling program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project ROSE is a non-profit energy conservation program funded by the Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs, Science, Technology and Energy Division and sponsored by the University of Alabama. Project ROSE's goal is conserving energy, preserving a valuable natural resource and protecting the environment. To accomplish its purpose, Project ROSE educates the public about recycling used oil, helps establish

G. C. April; S. D. Powell

1994-01-01

397

The Schoolhouse Door: Segregation's Last Stand at the University of Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores George Wallace's June, 1963 defiance of desegregation at the University of Alabama campus. After a tense confrontation, President Kennedy federalized the Alabama National Guard and Wallace backed down, allowing Vivian Malone and James Hood to become the first African Americans to enroll successfully at their state's flagship…

Clark, E. Culpepper

398

SAFETY ANALYSIS ON RAIL HIGHWAY AT-GRADE CROSSING IN ALABAMA  

E-print Network

SAFETY ANALYSIS ON RAIL HIGHWAY AT-GRADE CROSSING IN ALABAMA Jing Li, Post-doc Researcher Gaurav-lane divided highways, urban/suburban arterials, highway bridges, and rail highway at-grade crossings, based Alabama Total Highway-Rail Incidents 1980 2012 82% reduction 70% reduction What can make RHGCs safer

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

399

UW Law School: Academic Enhancement Program (AEP) Source: www.barbri.com Alabama Bar Exam Information  

E-print Network

UW Law School: Academic Enhancement Program (AEP) Source: www.barbri.com Alabama Bar Exam Information Alabama Board of Law Examiners State Bar Admissions Office P.O. Box 671 Montgomery, AL 36101-question multiple-choice exam Subjects Tested MBE Subjects: Constitutional Law, Contracts/Sales, Criminal

Sheridan, Jennifer

400

Teacher Burnout/Stress Management: An Exploratory Look in an Urban School System in Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies have indicated that teacher stress is a major occupational hazard of teaching. Little system research attention, however, has been focused upon concern to this point in Alabama. Through use of questionnaires, an effort was made to document the current status of the teacher stress/burnout phenomena in an Alabama setting and explore the…

Saunders, Robert Ronald; Watkins, J. Foster

401

Today's Students, Tomorrow's Citizens: Pathways for Learning, Mathematics. Alabama High School Graduation Exam.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is designed to assist classroom teachers in preparing students to successfully complete the Alabama High School Graduation Exam (AHSGE). It consists of activities that are correlated with the Alabama Course of Study: Mathematics, Bulletin 1997, No. 4, and Standards and Objectives (Reading Comprehension, Language, Mathematics, and…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery. Div. of Instructional Services.

402

Experiencing Educational Leadership Preparation Program Redesign in Alabama: One University's Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calls for changing educational leadership preparation have led many state policy makers to initiate program redesign efforts; the governor of Alabama constituted a working group to examine the situation and develop recommendations. This article details the school leadership preparation program redesign process in Alabama from the perspective of…

Kochan, Frances; Reames, Ellen H.

2013-01-01

403

Characterization of asphalt additive produced from hydroretorted Alabama shale  

SciTech Connect

Shale oil, produced from beneficiated Alabama shale by pressurized fluidized-bed hydroretorting, was fractionated to produce shale oil asphalt additives (SOA). Three shale oil fractions boiling above 305{degrees}C were added to standard AC-20 asphalt to improve pavement properties. The physical properties and aging characteristics of AC-20 asphalt binder (cement) containing SOA are similar to those of unmodified AC-20 asphalt binder. Asphalt pavement briquettes made with AC-20 asphalt binder containing 5 to 10 percent SOA have superior resistance to freeze-thaw cracking and a greater retention of tensile strength when wet compared to pavement briquettes containing AC-20 binder alone.

Rue, D.M.; Roberts, M.J.

1992-12-31

404

University of Alabama in Huntsville: Earth System Science Center (ESSC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Alabama in Huntsville created the Earth System Science Center (ESSC) "to encourage interdisciplinary study of the Earth as an integrated system across traditional boundaries." This website offers innumerable links to research projects associated with the Center. Users can learn about studies to understand the accumulation of ozone and other oxidants near the ground, the use of advanced radar in meteorological investigations, the employment of remote sensing to understand how aerosols and clouds affect climate and air quality, and much more. Researchers can find meteorological and modeling data sets, publications, and information on recent and upcoming events.

405

Back to the basics: Birmingham, Alabama, measurement and scale  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Back to the Basics: Birmingham, Alabama is the fourth in a series of workshops that focus on teaching foundational map reading and spatial differentiation skills. It is the second published exercise from the Back to the Basics series developed by the Wetland Education through Maps and Aerial Photography (WETMAAP) Program (see Journal of Geography 103, 5: 226-230). Like its predecessor, the current exercise is modified from the Birmingham Back to the Basics workshop offered during the annual National Council for Geographic Education meeting. The focus of this exercise is on scale and measurement, foundational skills for spatial thinking and analysis. ?? 2005 National Council for Geographic Education.

Handley, L.R.; Lockwood, C.M.; Handley, N.

2005-01-01

406

The North Alabama Lightning Mapping Array (LMA): A Network Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The North Alabama Lightning Mapping Array (LMA) is s a 3-D VHF regional lightning detection system that provides on-orbit algorithm validation and instrument performance assessments for the NASA Lightning Imaging Sensor, as well as information on storm kinematics and updraft evolution that offers the potential to improve severe storm warning lead time by up t o 50% and decrease te false alarm r a t e ( for non-tornado producing storms). In support of this latter function, the LMA serves as a principal component of a severe weather test bed to infuse new science and technology into the short-term forecasting of severe and hazardous weather, principally within nearby National Weather Service forecast offices. The LMA, which became operational i n November 2001, consists of VHF receivers deployed across northern Alabama and a base station located at the National Space Science and Technology Center (NSSTC), which is on t h e campus of the University of Alabama in Huntsville. The LMA system locates the sources of impulsive VHF radio signals s from lightning by accurately measuring the time that the signals aririve at the different receiving stations. Each station's records the magnitude and time of the peak lightning radiation signal in successive 80 ms intervals within a local unused television channel (channel 5, 76-82 MHz in our case ) . Typically hundreds of sources per flash can be reconstructed, which i n t u r n produces accurate 3-dimensional lightning image maps (nominally <50 m error within 150 la. range). The data are transmitted back t o a base station using 2.4 GHz wireless Ethernet data links and directional parabolic grid antennas. There are four repeaters in the network topology and the links have an effective data throughput rate ranging from 600 kbits s -1 t o 1.5 %its s -1. This presentation provides an overview of t h e North Alabama network, the data processing (both real-time and post processing) and network statistics.

Blakeslee, R. J.; Bailey, J.; Buechler, D.; Goodman, S. J.; McCaul, E. W., Jr.; Hall, J.

2005-01-01

407

40 CFR 81.72 - Tennessee River Valley (Alabama)-Cumberland Mountains (Tennessee) Interstate Air Quality Control...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Tennessee River Valley (Alabama)-Cumberland...Regions § 81.72 Tennessee River Valley (Alabama)-Cumberland...has been renamed the Tennessee River Valley (Alabama)-Cumberland...of the Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. 1875h(f))...

2013-07-01

408

40 CFR 81.72 - Tennessee River Valley (Alabama)-Cumberland Mountains (Tennessee) Interstate Air Quality Control...  

...2014-07-01 false Tennessee River Valley (Alabama)-Cumberland...Regions § 81.72 Tennessee River Valley (Alabama)-Cumberland...has been renamed the Tennessee River Valley (Alabama)-Cumberland...of the Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. 1875h(f))...

2014-07-01

409

40 CFR 81.72 - Tennessee River Valley (Alabama)-Cumberland Mountains (Tennessee) Interstate Air Quality Control...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Tennessee River Valley (Alabama)-Cumberland...Regions § 81.72 Tennessee River Valley (Alabama)-Cumberland...has been renamed the Tennessee River Valley (Alabama)-Cumberland...of the Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. 1875h(f))...

2012-07-01

410

Reservoir characterization of the Smackover Formation in southwest Alabama. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Upper Jurassic Smackover Formation is found in an arcuate belt in the subsurface from south Texas to panhandle Florida. The Smackover is the most prolific hydrocarbon-producing formation in Alabama and is an important hydrocarbon reservoir from Florida to Texas. In this report Smackover hydrocarbon reservoirs in southwest Alabama are described. Also, the nine enhanced- and improved-recovery projects that have been undertaken in the Smackover of Alabama are evaluated. The report concludes with recommendations about potential future enhanced- and improved-recovery projects in Smackover reservoirs in Alabama and an estimate of the potential volume of liquid hydrocarbons recoverable by enhanced- and improved-recovery methods from the Smackover of Alabama.

Kopaska-Merkel, D.C.; Hall, D.R.; Mann, S.D.; Tew, B.H.

1993-02-01

411

Observation of suspended sediments in Mobile Bay, Alabama from satellite  

USGS Publications Warehouse

As part of a comprehensive geologic study of coastal Alabama and Mississippi, the U.S. Geological Survey is investigating coastal sediment transport in Mobile Bay and the adjacent shelf. Satellite imagery from the NOAA AVHRR is being used to provide data on the variability of spatial patterns in the near-surface suspended sediment concentration. This imagery is processed using atmospheric corrections to remove haze and Rayleigh radiance in order to obtain water reflectances; the reflectances are than converted to approximate sediment concentrations using standard relationships between water reflectance and in situ sediment concentrations. A series of images from early 1990 shows rapid changes in sediment concentrations in response to high river flow of the Alabama-Tombigbee river system. During these times, suspended sediment tends to flow out Mobile Bay without mixing into the eastern lobe of the Bay (Bon Secour Bay). The sediment concentration field also appears to be disturbed by the main ship channel. The sediment plume extends more than 60 km offshore after the peak flow event. One wind event in December 1989 was identified as increasing sediment concentration in the Bay. It is not believed that such an event has been previously observed from satellite.

Stumpf, Richard P.

1991-01-01

412

Dupuytren’s Contracture in Alabama HFE Hemochromatosis Probands  

PubMed Central

Background Dupuytren’s contracture (DC) and HFE hemochromatosis occur in some of the same at-risk populations and present with similar comorbid conditions. Methods We estimated DC prevalence in two cohorts of white Alabama hemochromatosis probands (294 C282Y homozygotes, 67 C282Y/H63D compound heterozygotes) in a retrospective study. We performed logistic regressions on DC using the following independent variables: age, body mass index, heavy ethanol consumption, serum ferritin, elevated serum AST/ALT, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, viral hepatitis, cirrhosis, and diabetes. Results One man and two women with C282Y homozygosity had DC (prevalence 1.02%; 95% CI 0.35%–2.96%). A man with C282Y/H63D had DC (prevalence 1.49%; 95% CI 0.26%–7.98%). DC occurred as an autosomal dominant trait in his kinship. In regression analyses, no single variable predicted DC. We observed no new DC cases after the diagnosis of hemochromatosis (mean follow-up 12.9 ± 7.5 years (1 SD), and 9.0 ± 5.1 years, respectively). Conclusions Our prevalence estimates of DC in white Alabama hemochromatosis probands are similar to those found in the white US population cohorts. DC risk was unrelated to the variables we studied. PMID:22952417

Barton, James C.; Barton, J. Clayborn

2012-01-01

413

Metamorphic Mountain: Mount Jefferson State Park. An Environmental Education Learning Experience Designed for Grades 5-7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity packet was designed to introduce students in grades 5-7 to the geology of the Blue Ridge Mountains through hands-on activities for the classroom and the outdoor setting of Mount Jefferson State Park (Jefferson, North Carolina). Previsit activities introduce students to the different rock types: sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic.…

Pittman, George K., II

414

CONTROL SYSTEM SEGMENTATION* K. S. White, M. H. Bickley, Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA,  

E-print Network

CONTROL SYSTEM SEGMENTATION* K. S. White, M. H. Bickley, Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Accelerator Facility's (Jefferson Lab) control system has grown to include more than two hundred distributed the clock with only brief, scheduled interruptions for machine repairs. Because of this, high control system

415

Thomas Jefferson University researchers find new biomarker to identify hepatitis B-infected patients at risk for liver cancer  

Cancer.gov

Hepatitis B-infected patients with significantly longer telomeres—the caps on the end of chromosomes that protect our genetic data— were found to have an increased risk of getting liver cancer compared to those with shorter ones, according to findings presented by researchers at Jefferson’s Kimmel Cancer Center at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2012.

416

SPIN Effects, QCD, and Jefferson Laboratory with 12 GeV electrons  

SciTech Connect

QCD and Spin physics are playing important role in our understanding of hadron structure. I will give a short overview of origin of hadron structure in QCD and highlight modern understanding of the subject. Jefferson Laboratory is undergoing an upgrade that will increase the energy of electron beam up to 12 GeV. JLab is one of the leading facilities in nuclear physics studies and once operational in 2015 JLab 12 will be crucial for future of nuclear physics. I will briefly discuss future studies in four experimental halls of Jefferson Lab.

Prokudin, Alexey [JLAB

2013-11-01

417

Recirculating Beam Breakup Study for the 12 GeV Upgrade at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

Two new high gradient C100 cryomodules with a total of 16 new cavities were installed at the end of the CEBAF south linac during the 2011 summer shutdown as part of the 12-GeV upgrade project at Jefferson Lab. We surveyed the higher order modes (HOMs) of these cavities in the Jefferson Lab cryomodule test facility and CEBAF tunnel. We then studied recirculating beam breakup (BBU) in November 2011 to evaluate CEBAF low energy performance, measure transport optics, and evaluate BBU thresholds due to these HOMs. This paper discusses the experiment setup, cavity measurements, machine setup, optics measurements, and lower bounds on BBU thresholds by new cryomodules.

Ilkyoung Shin, Todd Satogata, Shahid Ahmed, Slawomir Bogacz, Mircea Stirbet, Haipeng Wang, Yan Wang, Byung Yunn, Ryan Bodenstein

2012-07-01

418

Large Meteor Tracked over Northeast Alabama - Duration: 0:07.  

NASA Video Gallery

On the evening of May 18, NASA all-sky meteor cameras located at NASA?s Marshall Space Flight Center and at the Walker County Science Center near Chickamauga, Ga. tracked the entry of a large meteo...

419

40 CFR 81.265 - Southeast Illinois Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...County, Effingham County, Fayette County, Franklin County, Gallatin County, Hamilton County, Hardin County, Jackson County, Jasper County, Jefferson County, Lawrence County, Marion County, Perry County, Richland County, Saline County, Wabash...

2010-07-01

420

40 CFR 81.265 - Southeast Illinois Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...County, Effingham County, Fayette County, Franklin County, Gallatin County, Hamilton County, Hardin County, Jackson County, Jasper County, Jefferson County, Lawrence County, Marion County, Perry County, Richland County, Saline County, Wabash...

2013-07-01

421

40 CFR 81.265 - Southeast Illinois Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

...County, Effingham County, Fayette County, Franklin County, Gallatin County, Hamilton County, Hardin County, Jackson County, Jasper County, Jefferson County, Lawrence County, Marion County, Perry County, Richland County, Saline County, Wabash...

2014-07-01

422

40 CFR 81.265 - Southeast Illinois Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...County, Effingham County, Fayette County, Franklin County, Gallatin County, Hamilton County, Hardin County, Jackson County, Jasper County, Jefferson County, Lawrence County, Marion County, Perry County, Richland County, Saline County, Wabash...

2012-07-01

423

40 CFR 81.265 - Southeast Illinois Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...County, Effingham County, Fayette County, Franklin County, Gallatin County, Hamilton County, Hardin County, Jackson County, Jasper County, Jefferson County, Lawrence County, Marion County, Perry County, Richland County, Saline County, Wabash...

2011-07-01

424

1. AERIAL VIEW, LOOKING WEST OF 'THE BIRMINGHAM MEDICAL CENTER,' ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. AERIAL VIEW, LOOKING WEST OF 'THE BIRMINGHAM MEDICAL CENTER,' WITH HILLMAN HOSPITAL, THE FIVE-STORY BUILDING (CENTER RIGHT AT 20TH STREET AND SIXTH AVENUE SOUTH), JEFFERSON TOWER (CENTER LEFT AT 20TH STREET AND SEVENTH AVENUE SOUTH, AND THE MANY HOSPITALS AND TEACHING FACILITIES OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA AT BIRMINGHAM MEDICAL CENTER. - Hillman Hospital, 600 Block Westside Twentieth Street South, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

425

Project ROSE (recycled oil saves energy): Alabama's used oil recycling program  

SciTech Connect

Project ROSE is a non-profit energy conservation program funded by the Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs, Science, Technology and Energy Division and sponsored by the University of Alabama. Project ROSE's goal is conserving energy, preserving a valuable natural resource and protecting the environment. To accomplish its purpose, Project ROSE educates the public about recycling used oil, helps establish used oil recycling programs, and offers used oil collection and recycling assistance. Project ROSE has served the people of Alabama and the nation since 1977.

April, G.C.; Powell, S.D. (Alabama Energy Extension Service, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States). Alabama Energy Div.)

1994-01-01

426

Pontotoc County Government Summer  

E-print Network

Pontotoc County Government Summer Youth Internship Program June 17 - 21, 2013 Sponsored By Government Summer Youth Internship Program June 17-21, 2013 Who: Youth ages 14-19 who attend a Pontotoc 24, 2013. What: Learn About YOUR Pontotoc County Government. Youth will spend time in each

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

427

Allegheny County Economic Trends  

E-print Network

. In 2005, economic activity in Allegheny County is estimated to produce over $77 billion in value added product. This value added production, called Gross Regional Product, accounts for over 72% of whatAllegheny County Economic Trends Prepared by: University Center for Social and Urban Research

Sibille, Etienne

428

A New Type of Compton Polarimeter for Jefferson Lab Hall A  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we present the principle and the studies for a new type of Compton polarimeter based on the use of power buildup Fabry-Perot cavity to get a 3% measurement of the Jefferson Lab electron polarization within minutes.

J.P. Jorda; M. Authier; Maud Baylac; Etienne Burtin; Ch. Cavata; Jian-ping Chen; N. Colombel; P. Deck; A. Delbart; Nicholas Falletto; Bernard Frois; P. Girardot; J. Jardillier; F. Marie; Jacques Martino; P. Mangeot; Damian Neyret; Stephane Platchkov; Thierry Pussieux; J.C. Sellier; P. Rebourgeard; C. Veyssiere; G. Zavattini

1998-01-01

429

EXPERIENCES WITH GRANULAR ACTIVATED CARBON FILTRATION ON-SITE REACTIVATION AT JEFFERSON PARISH, LOUISIANA  

EPA Science Inventory

Under a jointly funded cooperative agreement with U.S. EPA, three 1-mgd granular activated carbon (GAC) adsorbers and a reactivation pilot facility were constructed at Jefferson Parish, Louisiana. The project objectives were to assess the economic impact of removing trace organic...

430

Jefferson researchers find that cancer information on Wikipedia is accurate, but not very readable:  

Cancer.gov

It is a commonly held that information on Wikipedia should not be trusted, since it is written and edited by non-experts without professional oversight. But researchers from the Kimmel Cancer Center at Jefferson have found differently, according to a study published online Sept. 15 in the Journal of Oncology Practice.

431

Thomas Jefferson University researchers discover new pathways that drive metastatic prostate cancer  

Cancer.gov

Elevated levels of Cyclin D1b could function as a novel biomarker of lethal metastatic disease in prostate cancer patients, according to a pre-clinical study published ahead of print on December 21 in the Journal of Clinical Investigation by researchers at the Kimmel Cancer Center at Jefferson.

432

Brazilian version of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy: psychometric properties and factor analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Empathy is a central characteristic of medical professionalism and has recently gained attention in medical education research. The Jefferson Scale of Empathy is the most commonly used measure of empathy worldwide, and to date it has been translated in 39 languages. This study aimed to adapt the Jefferson Scale of Empathy to the Brazilian culture and to test its reliability and validity among Brazilian medical students. Methods The Portuguese version of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy was adapted to Brazil using back-translation techniques. This version was pretested among 39 fifth-year medical students in September 2010. During the final fifth- and sixth-year Objective Structured Clinical Examination (October 2011), 319 students were invited to respond to the scale anonymously. Cronbach’s alpha, exploratory factor analysis, item-total correlation, and gender comparisons were performed to check the reliability and validity of the scale. Results The student response rate was 93.7% (299 students). Cronbach’s coefficient for the scale was 0.84. A principal component analysis confirmed the construct validity of the scale for three main factors: Compassionate Care (first factor), Ability to Stand in the Patient’s Shoes (second factor), and Perspective Taking (third factor). Gender comparisons did not reveal differences in the scores between female and male students. Conclusions The adapted Brazilian version of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy proved to be a valid, reliable instrument for use in national and cross-cultural studies in medical education. PMID:22873730

2012-01-01

433

Jefferson Lab IEC 61508\\/61511 Safety PLC Based Safety System  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the design of the new 12 GeV Upgrade Personnel Safety System (PSS) at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF). The new PSS design is based on the implementation of systems designed to meet international standards IEC61508 and IEC 61511 for programmable safety systems. In order to meet the IEC standards, TJNAF engineers evaluated several SIL 3

Kelly Mahoney; Henry Robertson

2009-01-01

434

An Integrated Automatic Test Data Generation System A. Jefferson Offutt \\Lambda  

E-print Network

An Integrated Automatic Test Data Generation System A. Jefferson Offutt \\Lambda Department of Computer Science Clemson University Clemson, SC 29634 January 21, 1996 Abstract The Godzilla automatic test data generator is an integrated collection of tools that implements a relatively new test data

Offutt, Jeff

435

SHORT DISTANCE STRUCTURE OF NUCLEI -MINING THE WEALTH OF EXISTING JEFFERSON LAB DATA  

E-print Network

for 2011 ­ 2014 submitted to the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Physics Program Manager: Dr nuclear physics. Recent experiments, performed mostly at Jefferson Lab, for the first time gave direct and Coordinator: Dr. L.B. Weinstein, Department of Physics, Old Dominion University, 4600 Elkhorn Ave, Norfolk VA

436

Spin observables in few-body systems: Results and prospects from Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

Selected highlights are presented of that part of the research program at Jefferson Lab, which is focused on properties of nucleons and few-body systems. The majority of the experiments described use a polarized beam in conjunction with a polarized target or an ejectile polarimeter. All depend heavily on the high quality of the beam produced by the CEBAF facility.

C. W. de Jager

1998-10-01

437

Genetic characterization of Toxoplasma gondii in wildlife from Alabama, USA.  

PubMed

The genetic diversity of Toxoplasma gondii circulating in wildlife is of interest to understand the transmission of this parasite in the environment. In the present study, we genetically characterized five T. gondii isolates from different wild animals including two isolates from a bobcat (Lynx rufus), one from a red-shouldered hawk (Buteo lineatus), one from a white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), and one from a bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus). Genotyping of these samples using 11 PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism markers (SAG1, 5'- and 3'-SAG2, alt.SAG2, SAG3, BTUB, GRA6, c22-8, c29-2, L358, PK1, and Apico) revealed two types, including type I (ToxoDB#10) and type 12 (ToxoDB#5). This is the first report of genetic characterization of T. gondii strains in wildlife from Alabama and from a red-shouldered hawk. PMID:23160892

Yu, Li; Shen, Jilong; Su, Chunlei; Sundermann, Christine A

2013-03-01

438

Plant Uptake of Mercury from Contaminated Soil, Oxford, Alabama  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mercury contamination in the Oxford, Alabama, area is well documented in soil tests in the Snow Creek watershed. In this investigation, mercury levels in soils as well as local plant species were examined. The objectives of the study were first determining the amount of mercury in the soil and then to determine to what degree this mercury is taken in by plant tissue from specimens at each survey site. Variation in accumulation within the individual plant species (leaves, stems) was also examined. Protocols developed for this study were used to achieve both objectives and also to ascertain if a particular plant species hyper accumulates this toxin at levels that would make it useful in bioremediation of mercury contamination in the area.

Steffy, D. A.; Nichols, A. C.

2005-12-01

439

Heavy metal levels in goats from Notasulga, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Goat meat farming is increasing in popularity in southeastern region of United States. In order to monitor environmental contamination of heavy metals in goat meat, samples of liver, kidney, and muscle were collected from 20 goats on a goat farm in Notasulga, Alabama. These samples were analyzed by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy. The copper concentration was significantly higher in livers than the concentration in kidneys and muscles. Lead, cadmium, and zinc levels did not show any significant differences between liver, kidney, and muscle samples. The concentrations of lead and copper in livers and cadmium in kidneys were significantly different in males when compared to females. However, in muscle, the concentrations of lead, cadmium, copper, and zinc showed no significant difference between male and female or between young and old goats. Further, the concentrations of lead in livers and cadmium in kidneys showed a significant difference between young and old goats.

Khan, A.T.; Diffay, B.C.; Forester, D.M.; Thompson, S.J. [Tuskegee Univ., AL (United States). School of Veterinary Medicine; Mielke, H.W. [Xavier Univ. of Louisiana, New Orleans, LA (United States)

1994-12-31

440

Sustainability analysis of groundwater resources in a coastal aquifer, Alabama  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fort Morgan Peninsula is an attached portion of a dynamic barrier complex in the northern Gulf of Mexico and is a large tourist area that brings in a significant amount of revenue for Alabama. Many of the hotels and tourist attractions depend on the groundwater as their water supply. The over-withdrawal of groundwater and saltwater intrustion will have a negative impact on the ecology, tourism and economy if groundwater resources are not properly monitored and managed. In this study a calibrated groundwater flow model was used to analyze the sustainability of groundwater resources at Fort Morgan Peninsula. Detailed flow budgets were prepared to check the various components of inflow and outflow under different water use and climatic conditions. The results indicated the locations where groundwater was over-pumped and subjected to saltwater intrusion, or will be subjected to saltwater intrusion under a range of projected water use and climatic conditions.

Liu, Jie; Rich, Kendall; Zheng, Chunmiao

2008-03-01

441

Kemper County IGCC (tm) Project Preliminary Public Design Report  

SciTech Connect

The Kemper County IGCC Project is an advanced coal technology project that is being developed by Mississippi Power Company (MPC). The project is a lignite-fueled 2-on-1 Integrated Gasification Combined-Cycle (IGCC) facility incorporating the air-blown Transport Integrated Gasification (TRIG™) technology jointly developed by Southern Company; Kellogg, Brown, and Root (KBR); and the United States Department of Energy (DOE) at the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) in Wilsonville, Alabama. The estimated nameplate capacity of the plant will be 830 MW with a peak net output capability of 582 MW. As a result of advanced emissions control equipment, the facility will produce marketable byproducts of ammonia, sulfuric acid, and carbon dioxide. 65 percent of the carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) will be captured and used for enhanced oil recovery (EOR), making the Kemper County facility’s carbon emissions comparable to those of a natural-gas-fired combined cycle power plant. The commercial operation date (COD) of the Kemper County IGCC plant will be May 2014. This report describes the basic design and function of the plant as determined at the end of the Front End Engineering Design (FEED) phase of the project.

Nelson, Matt; Rush, Randall; Madden, Diane; Pinkston, Tim; Lunsford, Landon

2012-07-01

442

Continuing Education for County Officials The duties and responsibilities of county government  

E-print Network

Continuing Education for County Officials The duties and responsibilities of county government, the V.G. Young Institute of County Government provides continuing education programs for local government officials, including county judges and commissioners, county treasurers, county and district

443

Use of Alabama lignite in the production of lightweight aggregate  

SciTech Connect

Production of lightweight aggregate from Porter's Creek clay was chosen as a model process to be used in demonstrating the feasibility of using lignite fuel for rotary kiln mineral processing operations in or near the lignite belt. Pilot-scale rotary kiln testing and computer simulation of a commercial-scale operation using data from the pilot-scale tests demonstrated that lignite was a good fuel, requiring no auxiliary flame, for the processes provided the lignite fuel moisture content was less than about 20%. It was shown that hot kiln exhaust gases could be used to dry the raw lignite from about 50% moisture to 10% moisture, prior to lignite grinding and combustion, without the need for additional fuel for drying. Lignite could be delivered to the plant at a cost of $12.25/ton of lignite and would require an incremental investment of $128,500 in mining equipment. Equipment for drying the lignite with hot kiln exit gases prior to pulverization and burning represents the other major additional cost compared to a plant which burns bituminous coal plant. Using the heat requirement per ton of lightweight aggregate product from the computer simulations, the $38/ton delivered price of bituminous coal to a similar plant in Livingston, Alabama, and the relative heating values of the two competing fuels, an after tax savings of $0.58/ton of lightweight aggregate produced was projected, and an after tax discounted cash flow rate of return at 13.5% on additional invested capital was calculated. It may thus be concluded that lignite is a viable fuel for rotary kiln processing operations located in or near the lignite belt in Alabama. Lignite should be given serious consideration as the energy source for any new, as well as existing, energy-intensive industry located in that area of the state.

Sadler, L.Y. III

1982-10-01

444

Parameters of triggered-lightning flashes in Florida and Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Channel base currents from triggered lightning were measured at the NASA Kennedy Space Center, Florida, during summer 1990 and at Fort McClellan, Alabama, during summer 1991. Additionally, 16-mm cinematic records with 3- or 5-ms resolution were obtained for all flashes, and streak camera records were obtained for three of the Florida flashes. The 17 flashes analyzed contained 69 strokes, all lowering negative charge from cloud to ground. Statistics on interstroke interval, no-current interstroke interval, total stroke duration, total stroke charge, total stroke action integral ({integral}i{sup 2}dt), return stroke current wave front characteristics, time to half peak value, and return stroke peak current are presented. Return stroke current pulses, characterized by rise times of the order of a few microseconds or less and peak values in the range of 4 to 38 kA, were found not to occur until after any preceding current at the bottom of the lightning channel fell below the noise level of less than 2 A. A relatively strong positive correlation was found between return stroke current average rate of rise and current peak. There was essentially no correlation between return stroke current peak and 10-90% rise time or between return stroke peak and the width of the current waveform at half of its peak value. Parameters of the lightning flashes triggered in Florida and Alabama are similar to each other but are different from those of triggered lightning recorded in New Mexico during the 1981 Thunderstorm Research International Program. Continuing currents that follow return stroke current peaks and last for more than 10 ms exhibit a variety of wave shapes that the authors have subdivided into four categories. All such continuing currents appear to start with a current pulse presumably associated with an M component. A brief summary of lightning parameters important for lightning protection, is presented in an appendix. 43 refs., 11 figs., 5 tabs.

Fisher, R.J.; Schnetzer, G.H. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Thottappillil, R.; Rakov, V.A.; Uman, M.A.; Goldberg, J.D. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)

1993-12-20

445

TRANSMISSION OF EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALOMYELITIS VIRUS IN CENTRAL ALABAMA  

PubMed Central

A site near Tuskegee, Alabama was examined for vector activity of eastern equine encephalomyelitis (EEE) virus in 2001. More than 23,000 mosquitoes representing 8 genera and 34 species were collected during a 21-week period, and five species, Culiseta melanura, Aedes vexans, Coquillettidia perturbans, Culex erraticus, and Uranotaenia sapphirina, were examined for the presence of virus using a nested reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction for EEE virus. Each species was infected at various times of the mosquito season (May–September) with different minimum infection rates (MIRs). Culiseta melanura had the highest MIR (20.2) and positive pools were detected from late May to mid-September. Aedes vexans had an MIR of 2.2 and was infected early in the season (June), while Cq. perturbans exhibited a much higher field infection rate (9.9) with all positive pools collected in August. Culiseta melanura is a likely endemic vector in central Alabama, while Ae. vexans and Cq. perturbans probably function as bridge vectors. Culex erraticus, the most common mosquito in the habitat (54% of total collections), had an MIR of 3.2, and was persistently infected from mid-June to mid-September. This is the first report of high rates of EEE virus infection in this species, a member of the tropical subgenus Melanoconion. Uranotaenia sapphirina, considered to feed on amphibians and possibly reptiles, had an MIR of 5.6, with positive pools spanning a four-month period. This suggests that species other than birds may serve as a reservoir for EEE in hardwood swamps in the Southeastern United States and elsewhere. The lengthy period of mosquito infection with EEE virus, coupled with the diverse habits of the vectors and their proximity to a population center, indicate the importance of monitoring EEE virus activity in the Mid-South. PMID:12875303

CUPP, EDDIE W.; KLINGLER, KIMBERLY; HASSAN, HASSAN K.; VIGUERS, LESLIE M.; UNNASCH, THOMAS R.

2008-01-01

446

Jurassic faults of southwest Alabama and offshore areas  

SciTech Connect

Four fault groups affecting Jurassic strata occur in the southwest and offshore Alabama areas. They include the regional basement rift trend, the regional peripheral fault trend, the Mobile graben fault system, and the Lower Mobile Bay fault system. The regional basement system rift and regional peripheral fault trends are distinct and rim the inner margin of the eastern Gulf Coastal Plain. The regional basement rift trend is genetically related to the breakup of Pangea and the opening of the Gulf of Mexico in the Late Triassic-Early Jurassic. This fault trend is thought to have formed contemporaneously with deposition of Late Triassic-Early Jurassic Eagle Mills Formation and to displace pre-Mesozoic rocks. The regional peripheral fault trend consists of a group of en echelon extensional faults that are parallel or subparallel to regional strike of Gulf Coastal Plain strata and correspond to the approximate updip limit of thick Louann Salt. Nondiapiric salt features are associated with the trend and maximum structural development is exhibited in the Haynesville-Smackover section. No hydrocarbon accumulations have been documented in the pre-Jurassic strata of southwest and offshore Alabama. Productive hydrocarbon reservoirs occur in Jurassic strata along the trends of the fault groups, suggesting a significant relationship between structural development in the Jurassic and hydrocarbon accumulation. Hydrocarbon traps are generally structural or contain a major structural component and include salt anticlines, faulted salt anticlines, and extensional fault traps. All of the major hydrocarbon accumulations are associated with movement of the Louann Salt along the regional peripheral fault trend, the Mobile graben fault system, or the Lower Mobile Bay fault system.

Mink, R.M.; Tew, B.H.; Bearden, B.L.; Mancini, E.A. (Geological Survey of Alabama, Tuscaloosa (United States))

1991-03-01

447

Acid-neutralizing potential of minerals in intrusive rocks of the Boulder batholith in northern Jefferson County, Montana  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Experimental studies show that fresh granitic rocks of the Boulder batholith in the Boulder River headwaters near Basin, Montana have significant acid-neutralizing potential and are capable of neutralizing acidic water derived from metal-mining related wastes or mine workings. Laboratory studies show that in addition to the acidneutralizing potential (ANP) of minor amounts of calcite in these rocks, biotite, tremolite, and feldspars will contribute significantly to long-term ANP. We produced 0.45 micrometer-filtered acidic (pH = 2.95) leachate for use in these ANP experiments by exposing metal-mining related wastes to deionized water in a waste:leachate ratio of 1:20. We then exposed these leachates to finely-ground and sized fractions of batholith rocks, and some of their mineral fractions for extended and repeated periods, for which results are reported here. The intent was to understand what reactions of metal-rich acidic water and fresh igneous rocks would produce. The reactions between the acidic leachates and the bulk rocks and mineral fractions are complex. Factors such as precipitation of phases like Fe-hydroxides and Alhydroxides and the balance between dissolved cations and anions that are sulfate dominated complicate analysis of the results. Research by others of acid neutralization by biotite and tremolite attributed a rise in pH to proton (H+) adsorption in sites vacated by K, Mg, and Ca. Destruction of the silicate framework and liberation of associated structural hydroxyl ions may contribute to ANP. Studies by others have indicated that the conversion of biotite to a vermiculite-type structure by removal of K at a pH of 4 consumes about six protons for every mole of biotite, but at a pH of 3 there is pronounced dissolution of the tetrahedral lattice. The ANP of fresh granitic rocks is much higher than anticipated. The three bulk Boulder igneous rock samples studied have minimum ANP equivalent to about 10-14 weight percent calcite. This ANP is in addition to that provided by the 0.36-1.4 weight percent calcite present in these samples. The total rock ANP is thus equivalent to that of many sedimentary rocks that are generally believed to be among the most efficient for attenuation of acidic waters. The long-term ANP contributed by biotite, tremolite, feldspars, and possibly unidentified minerals in these rocks, as well as calcite, are all important with regard to their natural remediation of degraded water quality originating from Fe-sulfide rich mineral deposits and the associated mine wastes and acid-mine drainage water.

Desborough, George A.; Briggs, Paul H.; Mazza, Nilah; Driscoll, Rhonda

1998-01-01

448

Sedimentation in the East Branch Mahoning Creek basin, Clearfield and Jefferson Counties, Pennsylvania, June 1979 to June 1980  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Parts of the East Branch Mahoning Creek basin, a forested area of 29.6 square miles in west-central Pennsylvania, are disturbed by farming, surface mining, unpaved haul roads, eroding reclaimed areas, and logging. Streamflow was measured and water samples collected at a site upstream from the mouth from June 1979 to June 1980 during base flow and storm periods to evaluate sediment discharges. An additional site on a tributary draining mostly farmland was sampled from December 1979 to June 1980. Samples were analyzed for suspended sediment, turbidity, and specific conductance. Daily mean suspended-sediment concentrations and discharges were computed. From June 1979 to June 1980, 3,570 tons of suspended sediment was transported from the basin. This was an average yield of 121 tons per square mile per year. From December 1979 to June 1980, a tributary draining 2.21 square miles of a predominantly agricultural area discharged 328 tons of sediment which was 12 percent of the sediment load transported from the entire basin. Monthly sediment discharges averaged 298 tons ranged from 32 tons in July to 1,250 tons in March. The highest daily mean suspended-sediment concentration was 712 milligrams per liter on June 8, 1980. On that date, 267 tons of sediment was discharged from the basin.

Wetzel, Kim L.

1982-01-01

449

Calibration and validation of a two-dimensional hydrodynamic model of the Ohio River, Jefferson County, Kentucky  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The quantification of current patterns is an essential component of a Water Quality Analysis Simulation Program (WASP) application in a riverine environment. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) provided a field validated two-dimensional Resource Management Associates-2 (RMA-2) hydrodynamic model capable of quantifying the steady-flowpatterns in the Ohio River extending from river mile 590 to 630 for the Ohio River Valley Water Sanitation Commission (ORSANCO) water-quality modeling efforts on that reach. Because of the hydrodynamic complexities induced by McAlpine Locks and Dam (Ohio River mile 607), the model was split into two segments: an upstream reach, which extended from the dam upstream to the upper terminus of the study reach at Ohio River mile 590; and a downstream reach, which extended from the dam downstream to a lower terminus at Ohio River mile 636. The model was calibrated to a low-flow hydraulic survey (approximately 35,000 cubic feet per second (ft3/s)) and verified with data collected during a high-flow survey (approximately 390,000 ft3/s). The model calibration and validation process included matching water-surface elevations at 10 locations and velocity profiles at 30 cross sections throughout the study reach. Based on the calibration and validation results, the model is a representative simulation of the Ohio River steady-flow patterns below discharges of approximately 400,000 ft3/s.

Wagner, C.R.; Mueller, D.S.

2001-01-01

450

76 FR 70110 - Foreign-Trade Zone 109-County of Jefferson, NY; Application for Reorganization and Expansion...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...project to include existing Site 1 as a ``magnet'' site and to remove existing Site 2...requesting approval of the following new ``magnet'' sites: Proposed Site 3 (122 acres...allows for the possible exemption of one magnet site from the ``sunset'' time...

2011-11-10

451

Page 1 of 13 Effective October 1, 2014  

E-print Network

End Date Lodging Rates Palm Springs Riverside June 1 September 30 112.50$ Point Arena / GualalaPage 1 of 13 Effective October 1, 2014 State Primary Destination County Season Begin Date Season End Date Lodging Rates ALABAMA Birmingham Jefferson / Shelby October 1 September 30 115.00$ Gulf

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

452

Effective Vocational Training Procedures for EMR Students. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted to train Jefferson County, Alabama, vocational education instructors in effective teaching techniques and to develop appropriate instructional procedures for educable mentally retarded students. Vocational education areas included in the project were welding, food service, and brick masonry. The project was conducted in two…

Carter, Robert

453

A Comparison of Three Sources of Data on Child Homicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared data from death certificates (DC), medical examiner (ME) reports, and Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program for homicides among children age 5 years or younger in Jefferson County, Alabama between 1988 and 1998. Records from each source were matched independently to records from the other two sources. Kappa coefficients…

Lyman, Jacquelyn M.; McGwin Jr., Gerald; Davis, Gregory; Kovandzic, Tomislav K.; King, William; Vermund, Sten H.

2004-01-01

454

The Yearling Disadvantage in Alabama Deer: Effect of Birth Date on Development  

E-print Network

(Odocoileus virginianus) harvested on 23 Alabama Wildlife manage- ment Areas (WMAs) during the 1998. Southeast. Assoc. Fish and Wildl. Agencies 56:255­264 Most white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus

Ditchkoff, Steve

455

Social and economic consequences of onshore OCS-related activities in coastal Alabama: Final baseline report  

SciTech Connect

This report documents existing economic conditions in the coastal Alabama region and highlights industry sectors important to the region`s economy. This report discusses the interplay among different users of the region`s natural resources, noting the tourism, fishing and offshore natural gas industries. Data are presented that show how the tourism and natural gas industries contribute to the economic growth of coastal Alabama and the State of Alabama. The recent conflict between the offshore gas and tourism industries over the use of coastal Alabama resources is discussed. Several case studies highlight local area experience relative to economic growth, industry coexistence and the importance of the coastal region`s natural resources to the local and state economies.

Kelley, J.O.; Wade, W.W.

1999-04-01

456

Carex Oklahomensis (Cyperaceae) New to Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana, and Additional Records for Mississippi  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Carex oklahomensis is reported new for Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana, and new records are presented for Mississippi. Habitat and species associates are presented for each new distribution point accompanied by speculation as to the origin of these populations....

457

Money, Politics and Judicial Decisions: A Case Study of Arbitration Law in Alabama  

E-print Network

This article presents the results of a study of 106 decisions by the Supreme Court of Alabama from January 18, 1995 through July 9, 1999. The decisions are in the area of arbitration law and reveal the remarkably close ...

Ware, Stephen J.

1999-01-01

458

75 FR 28313 - Alabama Disaster #AL-00032 Declaration of Economic Injury  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL) declaration for the State of Alabama, dated 05/13/2010. Incident: Deepwater BP Oil Spill. Incident Period: 04/20/2010 and continuing. DATES: Effective Date: 05/13/2010. EIDL Loan Application...

2010-05-20

459

77 FR 18857 - Final Environmental Impact Statement and Record of Decision for Alabama Beach Mouse General...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...incidental take permits requested under the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (Act), as amended, for take of Alabama beach mouse (Peromyscus polionotus ammobates). For record of decision (ROD) availability, see DATES. DATES: The ROD will be available no...

2012-03-28

460

75 FR 52549 - Environmental Impact Statement; Alabama Beach Mouse Draft General Conservation Plan; Fort Morgan...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...occur within the area. Currently the following listed animal species are included in the plan: Alabama beach mouse (ABM) (Peromyscus polionotus ammobates), Loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta), and Kemp's ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys...

2010-08-26

461

77 FR 56270 - CSX Transportation, Inc.-Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption-Alabama Great Southern Railroad...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2012, Alabama Great Southern Railroad Company (AGS) has agreed to grant CSX Transportation, Inc...temporary overhead trackage rights over: (1) AGS South District between the connection of AGS and CSXT in Birmingham, Ala., near 14th...

2012-09-12

462

76 FR 12306 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Imperial County, Kern County, and Ventura...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...County, and Ventura County; Air Pollution Control Districts AGENCY: Environmental...revisions to the Imperial County Air Pollution Control District (ICAPCD), Kern County Air Pollution Control District...

2011-03-07

463

76 FR 12280 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, for Imperial County, Kern County, and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...County, and Ventura County; Air Pollution Control Districts AGENCY: Environmental...revisions to the Imperial County Air Pollution Control District (ICAPCD), Kern County Air Pollution Control District...

2011-03-07

464

Physical and Biological Effects of Sand Mining Offshore Alabama, U.S.A  

Microsoft Academic Search

BYRNES, M.R.; HAMMER, R.M.; THIBAUT, T.D., and SNYDER, D.B., 2004. Potential physical and biological effects of sand mining offshore Alabama, U.S.A. Journal of Coastal Research, 20(1), 6-24. West Palm Beach (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208. Physical processes and biological data were collected and analyzed at five sand resource areas offshore Alabama to address environmental concerns raised by potential sand dredging for beach

Mark R. Byrnes; Richard M. Hammer; Tim D. Thibaut; David B. Snyder

2004-01-01

465

High resolution geophysical mapping of the Mississippi-Alabama Outer Continental Shelf  

E-print Network

HIGH RESOLUTION GEOPHYSICAL MAPPING OF THE MISSISSIPPI-ALABAMA OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF A Thesis by JAY SCOTT LASWELL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Oceanography HIGH RESOLUTION GEOPHYSICAL MAPPING OF THE MISSISSIPPI-ALABAMA OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF A Thesis by JAY SCOTT LASWELL Approved as to style and content by: William W. Sager (Chair of Committee...

Laswell, Jay Scott

2012-06-07

466

Wisconsin County Histories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Whether you're interested in Reedsburg, Rhinelander, or Rubicon, the Wisconsin County Histories website will not fail those keen on the history of the Badger State. Created by the Wisconsin Historical Society, this archive provides access to more than 80 standard histories of Wisconsin counties, most of which were published between 1850 and 1920. The majority of the volumes are over several hundred pages long, and they include detailed passages on cities within their respective counties, along with sketches of prominent leaders. Visitors can use the drop-down menu available on the homepage to find specific volumes, or they can also perform a full text search across all of the histories.

467

Tick infestations of the eastern cottontail rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus) and small rodentia in northwest Alabama and implications for disease transmission.  

PubMed

Studies were conducted over a four-county area of northwest Alabama to determine the association of eastern cottontail rabbits with Dermacentor variabilis, the eastern United States vector of Rocky Mountain spotted fever. A secondary objective was to compare infestations of this tick on rabbits with infestations on commonly encountered rodent species as a means of determining the relative importance of each in the disease transmission cycle. These epidemiologic surveys were conducted in response to reported fatal cases of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever in two counties of the study area. From 202 eastern cottontail rabbits, 3,956 ticks were collected. Of this total, 79.87% were Haemphysalis leporispalustris, 9.15% Amblyomma americanum, 8.22% Ixodes dentatus, and 2.76% D. variabilis. Only immature stages of D. variabilis were collected from cottontail rabbits. Ticks were collected on rabbits in all months except November, and only one specimen was taken in January. Based on the average number of ticks per host collected in each month, April was the peak month for D. variabilis and I. dentatus. High values for H. leporispalustris also occurred at this time, but even higher values occurred in October and December. The heaviest infestation of A. americanum occurred during the month ofAugust and coincides with the activity period for the larvae of this species. Two hundred sixty-nine of the smaller Rodentia, comprising 13 species, yielded 264 ticks, all D. variabilis, and all but two were immature stages. Five rodent species, Microtus ochragaster Orozomys palustris, Peromyscus gossypinus, Peromyscus leucopus, and Sigmodon hispidus accounted for 95.83% of the ticks collected, and appeared to be preferred hosts for D. variabilis; all five had higher infestation levels per host than did the eastern cottontail rabbit. Data on host relationships in association with seasonal activity are presented. PMID:16599149

Cooney, Joseph C; Burgdorfer, Willy; Painter, Martin K; Russell, Cynthia L

2005-12-01

468

Phase III Early Restoration Projects Alabama Florida Louisiana Mississippi Texas  

E-print Network

use projects in Okaloosa County. As a result of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, the public's access, and Education (Fort Walton Beach) project is $4,643,547. Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Natural Resource Damage DESCRIPTIONS The Deepwater Horizon Natural Resource Damage Assessment Trustees have selected two recreational

469

Phase III Early Restoration Projects Alabama Florida Louisiana Mississippi Texas  

E-print Network

use projects in Walton County. As a result of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, the public's access Creek Boat Dock Improvements project is $207,850. Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Natural Resource Damage DESCRIPTIONS The Deepwater Horizon Natural Resource Damage Assessment Trustees have selected seven recreational

470

77 FR 47051 - The Incorporated Village of Port Jefferson v. National Grid Generation LLC; Notice of Complaint  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...EL12-89-000] The Incorporated Village of Port Jefferson v. National Grid Generation LLC; Notice of Complaint Take notice that on July...Complainant) filed a formal complaint against the National Grid Generation LLC (Respondent) requesting a Commission...

2012-08-07

471

6 GeV Parity Violating Deep Inelastic Scattering at Jefferson Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The 6 GeV Parity Violating Deep Inelastic Scattering (PVDIS) experiment has measured a 10{sup -4} level asymmetry through polarized electron scattering off a liquid deuterium target with a beam energy of 6 GeV. This experiment has a goal of measuring a combination of the product of the weak neutral couplings of the electron and the quark with a factor of six improvement in precision over world data. Precise data for the couplings are essential to search for physics beyond the Standard Model. The experiment took place in Hall A at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Laboratory) and data collection was completed in the end of 2009. A highly specialized counting data acquisition system with an inherent particle identification was developed and utilized. We have taken data at two Q{sup 2} points in order to possibly address the hadronic correction due to higher twist effects. An overview of the experiment will be presented.

Subedi, Ramesh R. [George Washington University, 725 21st St, NW, Washington, DC 20052 (United States); Deng Xiaoyan; Wang Diancheng; Zheng Xiaochao [University of Virginia, 382 McCormick Rd., Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States); Michaels, Robert [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA 23606 (United States); Pan Kai [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Reimer, Paul E. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)

2011-10-24

472

6 GeV Parity Violating Deep Inelastic Scattering at Jefferson Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The 6 GeV Parity Violating Deep Inelastic Scattering (PVDIS) experiment has measured a 10^-4 level asymmetry through polarized electron scattering off a liquid deuterium target with a beam energy of 6 GeV. This experiment has a goal of measuring a combination of the product of the weak neutral couplings of the electron and the quark with a factor of six improvement in precision over world data. Precise data for the couplings are essential to search for physics beyond the Standard Model. The experiment took place in Hall A at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Laboratory) and data collection was completed in the end of 2009. A highly specialized counting data acquisition system with an inherent particle identification was developed and utilized. We have taken data at two Q2 points in order to possibly address the hadronic correction due to higher twist effects. An overview of the experiment will be presented.

Ramesh R. Subedi, Xiaoyan Deng, Robert Michaels, Kai Pan, Paul E. Reimer, Diancheng Wang, Xiaochao Zheng

2011-10-01

473

Overview Of Control System For Jefferson Lab`s High Power Free Electron Laser  

SciTech Connect

In this paper the current plans for the control system for Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility`s (Jefferson Lab`s) Infrared Free Electron Laser (FEL) are presented. The goals for the FEL control system are fourfold: (1) to use EPICS and EPICS compatible tools, (2) to use VME and Industry Pack (IPs) interfaces for FEL specific devices such as controls and diagnostics for the drive laser, high power optics, photocathode gun and electron-beam diagnostics, (3) to migrate Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) technologies to VME when possible, and (4) to use CAMAC solutions for systems that duplicate CEBAF technologies such as RF linacs and DC magnets. This paper will describe the software developed for FEL specific devices and provide an overview of the FEL control system.

Hofler, A. S.; Grippo, A. C.; Keesee, M. S.; Song, J.

1997-12-31

474

Hurricane Frederic tidal floods of September 12-13, 1979, along the Gulf Coast, Mobile quadrangle, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Shown on a topographic map are floodmark elevations and approximate areas flooded by Hurricane Frederic tides of September 12-13, 1979, along the western side of the Mobile River and Mobile Bay from Pritchard, Alabama, to the Forest Park section of Mobile, Alabama. Storm-tide frequency and records of annual maximum tides at Mobile, Alabama, since 1772, are presented. Offshore winds reached about 160 miles per hour. A wind-velocity of about 145 miles per hour was recorded near Dauphin Island, Alabama. Most of the waterfront improvements in Mobile Bay were either destroyed or heavily damaged. (USGS)

Bohman, Larry R.; Scott, John C.

1980-01-01

475

Granite County Secondary Data Analysis  

E-print Network

Infarction prevalence (Heart Attack) 3.4% 4.1% 6.0% All Sites Cancer 416.6 455.5 543.2 1 Community, Powell, Deer Lodge, Jefferson, Broadwater, Meagher, Silver Bow, Gallatin, Park, Madison, and Beaverhead. Heart Disease 2. Cancer 3. CLRD* 1. Cancer 2. Heart Disease 3.CLRD* 1. Heart Disease 2. Cancer 3

Maxwell, Bruce D.

476

Park County Secondary Data Analysis  

E-print Network

.6% Diabetes prevalence 4.8% 6.2% 8.3% Acute Myocardial Infarction prevalence (Heart Attack) 4.1% 4.1% 6.0% All) Region 4 (Southwest): Lewis and Clark, Granite, Powell, Deer Lodge, Jefferson, Broadwater, Meagher Infarction (Heart Attack) Per 100,000 population 1 186.3 147.3 1 Community Health Data, MT Dept of Health

Maxwell, Bruce D.

477

Lead poisoning among battery reclamation workers in Alabama.  

PubMed

Lead exposures were evaluated at a battery reclamation facility in Alabama. A questionnaire obtained work and health information. Medical tests included blood lead, zinc protoporphyrin, hematocrit, creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, and uric acid. An investigation of workers' family members and neighborhood residents was conducted. Fourteen of 15 workers had blood lead levels greater than 50 micrograms/dL. Zinc protoporphyrin was > 79 micrograms/dL in 14 workers. Four workers had hematocrit < 40%; six had elevated serum creatinine (> 1.3 mg/dL). Workers' blood lead levels increased significantly over 2 years (beta = 1.004 micrograms/dL per month). Ten workers had elevated air lead levels. Twelve of 16 employee children had blood lead levels > 10 micrograms/dL; 3 were greater than 40 micrograms/dL. Workers' children had significantly higher blood lead levels than did neighborhood comparison children. Reclamation of lead batteries unaccompanied by smelting poses a health hazard to workers and their children. PMID:8027877

Gittleman, J L; Engelgau, M M; Shaw, J; Wille, K K; Seligman, P J

1994-05-01

478

Depositional environments of some Tertiary lignites from Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Petrographic, chemical, stratigraphic, and palynologic methods were used to reconstruct the depositional environments of some Paleocene-Eocene lignites from the Nanafalia Formation (Wilcox Group) and Naheola Formation (Midway Group) of Alabama. Stratigraphic evidence suggests that the thin lignite seams of the Naheola Formation were formed in deltaic settings; whereas,the thicker Nanafalia lignites were formed in stream channels and sinkholes developed on an eroded limestone surface. Lignites from both areas have high sulfur contents; however, the Naheola lignites have high levels of both organic and pyritic sulfur and the Nanafalia lignites have high levels or organic sulfur only. This suggests that iron was less available to the limestone-associated Nanafalia peat swamps than to the deltaic Naheola swamps. The Naheola lignites are composed primarily of banded lithotypes dominated by the huminite macerals gelinite, ulminite, and humodetrinite. Palynologic evidence suggests that the swamp flora that formed these coals contained Corylus, ferns, and palms with ferns being most common in the Naheola swamps and palms being most common in the Nanafalia. In general, differences in petrographic, chemical, and palynologic composition between the Naheola and Nanafalia lignites can readily be explained by differences in the original depositional conditions under which these deposits were formed.

Gutzler, R.Q.

1985-01-01

479

Monitoring the Blind Shaft Borer Project, Oak Grove, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

In 1974, plans of the United States to obtain energy self-sufficiency included a significant increase in coal production, primarily from new underground mines in the Eastern states. The poor condition of coal shaft sinking companies was a major concern. The US Bureau of Mines perceived similarities between shaft sinking and tunnel boring and felt that a machine could be produced for faster, safer shaft sinking. In January 1975, the Robbins Co., a major producer of tunnel boring machines, submitted an unsolicited proposal to the Bureau of Mines to develop, design, build and demonstrate a Blind Shaft Borer (BSB). In June 1975, a contract was initiated to start work on a BSB. After the Department of Energy was formed, the project was transferred to their Department of Fossil Fuel. In late 1978, while the BSB was being assembled for the field trial near Oak Grove, Alabama, the DOE contracted with Williams Brothers Engineering Company to monitor the site activities and provide technical advice to the Technical Project Manager. This report reviews the BSB project prior to the field trial, describes field trial operations as observed by Williams Brothers Engineering Company personnel and provides a summary of daily activities. It also details project problems, interim efforts to resolve them, results obtained and recommendations to preclude their re-occurrence on future BSB projects.

Amstutz, R.; Danowski, T.

1982-03-01

480

Advanced Coal Liquefaction Research and Development Facility, Wilsonville, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of Run 261 performed at the Advanced Coal Liquefaction R D Facility in Wilsonville, Alabama. The run started on January 12, 1991 and continued until May 31, 1991, operating in the Close-Coupled Integrated Two-Stage Liquefaction mode processing Illinois No. 6 seam bituminous coal (from Burning star No. 2 mine). In the first part of Run 261, a new bimodal catalyst, EXP-AO-60, was tested for its performance and attrition characteristics in the catalytic/catalytic mode of the CC-ITSL process. The main objective of this part of the run was to obtain good process performance in the low/high temperature mode of operation along with well-defined distillation product end boiling points. In the second part of Run 261, Criterion (Shell) 324 catalyst was tested. The objective of this test was to evaluate the operational stability and catalyst and process performance while processing the high ash Illinois No. 6 coal. Increasing viscosity and preasphaltenes made it difficult to operate at conditions similar to EXP-AO-60 catalyst operation, especially at lower catalyst replacement rates.

Not Available

1992-09-01

481

Frisco City sandstone: Upper Jurassic play in southern Alabama  

SciTech Connect

The Frisco City sandstone play in southern Alabama is an example of hydrocarbon entrapment on the flanks of basement erosional features, with principal reservoirs occurring in proximal alluvial-fan to marine shoreface facies. Productive fields are developed on four-way closures of complex geometry, with reservoir sandstones showing maximum thickness along the margins of basement highs that are roughly 1.3-5.18 km{sup 2} in size and have 136-151 m of relief. Detailed analysis of sandstone facies indicates a downdip progression from alluvial-fan through wadi, eolian, beach, tidal-flat, and shoreface deposits. A sequence stratigraphic model based on identification of backstepping strata representing successive transgressive events is useful in predicting maximum reservoir occurrence in the vicinity of inselbergs. Reservoir quality in productive sandstones is high, with porosities ranging from 13 to 27% and permeabilities of 50 md to 5 d. Hydrocarbon occurrence is related to the distribution of high-quality source rock in the Smackover Formation and to maturation history.

Montgomery, S.L. [Petroleum Consultant, Seattle, WA (United States); Baria, L.R. [Jura-Search, Inc., Jackson, MS (United States); Handford, C.R. [Bureau of Economic Geology, Austin, TX (United States)

1997-10-01

482

Transition in Alabama: A Profile of Commitment. Proceedings of the Annual Statewide Conference on Transition (1st, Auburn, Alabama, January 1992).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings document provides the texts of 13 presentations given at a 2-day conference in 1991 which focused on policies, materials, programs, and activities being implemented in Alabama to foster the successful transition of youth with disabilities to adult life. Two papers address the national scene: "Transition: Old Wine in New Bottles"…

Browning, Philip, Ed.

483

Transition IV in Alabama: A Profile of Commitment. Proceedings of the Annual Statewide Conference on Transition (4th, Auburn, Alabama, January 1995).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings document provides the texts of 23 presentations given at a conference in 1994 which focused on policies, materials, programs, and activities being implemented in Alabama to foster the successful transition of youth with disabilities to adult life. An initial paper compares the definition of transition developed by Andrew Halpern…

Browning, Philip, Ed.

484

Transition III in Alabama: A Profile of Commitment. Proceedings of the Annual Statewide Conference on Transition (3rd, Auburn, Alabama, January 1994).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings document provides the texts of 18 presentations given at a 3-day conference in 1993 which focused on policies, materials, programs, and activities being implemented in Alabama to foster the successful transition of youth with disabilities to adult life. First, four individuals with learning disabilities (Travis Moore, Kim…

Browning, Philip, Ed.

485

Snohomish County Biodiesel Project  

SciTech Connect

Snohomish County in western Washington State began converting its vehicle fleet to use a blend of biodiesel and petroleum diesel in 2005. As prices for biodiesel rose due to increased demand for this cleaner-burning fuel, Snohomish County looked to its farmers to ���¢��������grow���¢������� this fuel locally. Suitable seed crops that can be crushed to extract oil for use as biodiesel feedstock include canola, mustard, and camelina. The residue, or mash, has high value as an animal feed. County farmers began with 52 acres of canola and mustard crops in 2006, increasing to 250 acres and 356 tons in 2008. In 2009, this number decreased to about 150 acres and 300 tons due to increased price for mustard seed.

Terrill Chang; Deanna Carveth

2010-02-01

486

Jasper County Comprehensive Plan Adoption Draft  

E-print Network

Jasper County Comprehensive Plan Adoption Draft Comprehensive Plan Jasper County, IN #12;#12;Table Mandate.......................................vii Jasper County's Fulfillment of the Mandate of Major Needs for Jasper County ...............5 Additional Opportunities

487

Petroleum County Secondary Data Analysis  

E-print Network

Petroleum County Secondary Data Analysis July 23, 2012 1 Community Health Data, MT Dept American Diabetes Association (2012) Region 3 (South Central) ­ Judith Basin, Fergus, Petroleum* #12; Petroleum County Secondary Data Analysis July 23, 2012 2 Socioeconomic Measures1

Maxwell, Bruce D.

488

77 FR 23619 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Alabama: Removal of State Low-Reid Vapor...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...volatile organic compounds (VOC). Phase I was applicable...7.0 psi be moved from the active measures portions of the Alabama...attributable to the emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), lead and sulfur...0 psi requirement from the active portion of the Alabama SIP...

2012-04-20

489

Missed Opportunities: Origin, Growth, and Decline of Community College Fire Science Degree Programs in Alabama, 1977 to 2002  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There was rapid growth of Alabama community colleges in the late 1960s. At the same time, there was rapid growth nationally of fire science associate degree programs. With these concurrent events, one would expect fire department personnel in Alabama to benefit from new community college opportunities in fire science and fire administration.…

Laughlin, Jerry W.

2007-01-01

490

78 FR 57611 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; 90-Day Finding on a Petition To List Alabama Shad as...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; 90-Day Finding on a Petition To List Alabama Shad...Commerce (DOC). ACTION: Notice of 90-day petition finding, request for information...SUMMARY: We (NMFS) announce a 90-day finding on a petition to list Alabama...

2013-09-19

491

Student and Parent Perceptions of Barriers to and Benefits of the School Breakfast Program in Elementary Schools in Southeast Alabama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore the factors impacting participation in the School Breakfast Program (SBP) for elementary school students in southeast Alabama. Methods: Focus groups were used to gather qualitative data from southeastern Alabama public school fourth and fifth grade students and their parents. Six student…

Sabol, Alexis; Struempler, Barbara J.; Zizza, Claire A.

2011-01-01

492

The First Year of Desegregation under Title Six in Alabama: A Review with Observations and Conclusions. A Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluated is the adequacy of the General Statement of Policies under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to achieve the basic objective of Title VI in Alabama. Material in the report is presented under the rubrics of U.S. Office of Education (OE) strategy and policies, Alabama's reaction to the General Statement of Policies, and the effect of…

Alabama Council on Human Relations, Inc., Huntsville.

493

Economic Impacts of the Aquaculture Industry in Alabama in 2005 Tom Stevens, Alan Hodges, and David Mulkey  

E-print Network

paid by businesses, but do not include taxes on profits or income. It was estimated that $4.0 MEconomic Impacts of the Aquaculture Industry in Alabama in 2005 by Tom Stevens, Alan Hodges of Agriculture Economics and Rural Sociology. #12;i Economic Impacts of the Aquaculture Industry in Alabama, 2005

Florida, University of

494

School Desegregation and Civil Society: The Unification of Alabama's Black and White Parent-Teacher Associations, 1954-1971  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This articles discusses the unification of Alabama's black and white Parent-Teacher Associations from 1954 to 1971. Alabama was one of the last PTA state units to desegregate in the late 1960s, along with Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Texas. It was also the only state in which white members launched a successful…

Woyshner, Christine

2011-01-01

495

Wasp Watchers Albany County  

E-print Network

{ Wasp Watchers Albany County Finding the Wasp that hunts the Emerald Ash Borer #12;Cerceris fumipennis is a solitary ground nesting wasp. The female wasp stocks her nest with Buprestid beetles ,this as 80% of the Cerceris fumipennis colonies daily catch. · This wasp is very wide spread in the United

Walter, M.Todd

496

Meigu County Yi Tone.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One dialect of Yi spoken in Meigu County in the southern part of China's Sichuan Province is analyzed for its tone patterns, based on data provided by a bilingual native speaker. Consonant and vowel inventories are provided. Three contrastive tones are found. One has three allophones, which are conditioned by the preceding tone. Tonal allophony is…

Eatough, Andy

497

STATE/COUNTY BORDERS  

EPA Science Inventory

This data is available for the entire region. The level of detail is primarily suited for region/state/county/basin sized maps. The borders are not accurate enough for small areas like sub-basins and site areas. We use this coverage for general backgrounds and borders only. T...

498

First Report of a Tylenchulus sp. on Peach in Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, and South Carolina.  

PubMed

A Tylenchulus sp. found in a Georgia peach orchard parasitized peach roots in the greenhouse. Citrus roots were not parasitized, indicating that the nematode was not the citrus nematode. Morphologically similar populations were found in one peach orchard in Alabama, two orchards in Arkansas, and one in South Carolina. Males were present in the Alabama populations and one of the Arkansas populations. A population was also found in an area of mixed hardwood and pine in Arkansas. The populations are morphologically different from the citrus nematode Tylenchulus semipenetrans. PMID:19290292

Wehunt, E J; Golden, A M; Weaver, C F; Rodríguez-Kábana, R

1987-10-01

499

Dr. Cooper Curtice - Unknown worker in interpreting the Cambrian of Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Cooper Curtice was an assistant to C. D. Walcott from 1883-1886. In 1885, he spent four months, mostly in Alabama, measuring sections of Paleozoic rocks and searching for fossils, mainly in the Cambrian. In 1888, Walcott concurred with foreign authorities that the rocks called Middle Cambrian in North America were Early Cambrian in age and vice versa, requiring a new interpretation of Cambrian strata. Curtice returned to Alabama for geologic investigations in 1892, and again briefly with Walcott in 1895. Since that time Cambrian stratigraphy in the southeastern United States has remained virtually unchanged.

Yochelson, E.L.; Osborne, W.E.

1999-01-01

500

Petrophysical Interpretation of the Oxfordian Smackover Formation Grainstone Unit in Little Cedar Creek Field, Conecuh County, Southwestern Alabama  

E-print Network

). ..................................................................................................... 27 Figure 15. Cathodoluminescent image of blocky calcite crystal in pore space of Well 14646-B, 11,266.5 ft and 20 sec exposure showing at least two different stages of growth as indicated by two distinct zones. The scale bar is 500 ?m. (See... of the Smackover Grainstone Unit measured from sea level. 6 2. GEOLOGICAL SETTING 2.1 Tectonics The Jurassic Smackover Formation was deposited in a series of rift basins created by Triassic rifting of Pangaea and the subsequent creation of the Gulf...

Breeden, Lora C

2013-07-23