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1

Urinary Tract Infection among Antiretroviral Therapy Users and Nonusers in Jimma University Specialized Hospital, Jimma, Ethiopia  

PubMed Central

Background. The introduction of antiretroviral therapy (ART) has dramatically reduced morbidity related with bacterial infection including urinary tract infection (UTI) among patients with HIV/AIDS. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of UTI and identify common bacterial etiologies among HIV/AIDS patients of ART users and nonusers in Jimma University Specialized Hospital. Methods. A comparative cross sectional study was conducted from September to December 2012 on 367 ART users and 114 nonuser patients attending ART clinic. Sociodemographic characteristics, associated factors, and urine samples were collected; culture, biochemical tests, Gram stain, and drug sensitivity tests were done. Results. Of 467 examined urine samples, 56 (12%) had significant bacterial growth. Forty-six (12.5%) of the cases were ART users and 10 (10%) were nonusers. E. coli was the predominant isolate in both ART users (25 (54.3%)) and nonusers (6 (6%)). Majority of the bacterial isolates were from females. Most (>75%) of the isolates from both groups were resistant to ampicillin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole but sensitive to norfloxacine, ceftriaxone, and chloramphenicol. Conclusion. There was no statistically significant difference regarding the prevalence of significant bacterial growth between ART users and nonusers. Therefore, it is recommended that UTI in both groups should be managed with drugs that show sensitivity.

Debalke, Serkadis; Cheneke, Waqtola; Tassew, Haimanot; Awol, Mohammed

2014-01-01

2

Drug-related problems among medical ward patients in Jimma university specialized hospital, Southwest Ethiopia  

PubMed Central

Objective: The increasing number of available drugs and drug users, as well as more complex drug regimens led to more side effects and drug interactions and complicates follow-up. The objective of this study was to assess drug-related problems (DRPs) and associated factors in hospitalized patients. Methods: A hospital-based cross-sectional study design was employed. The study was conducted in Jimma University Specialized Hospital, Jimma, located in the south west of Addis Ababa. All patients who were admitted to the medical ward from February 2011 to March 2011 were included in the study. Data on sociodemographic variables, past medical history, drug history, current diagnosis, current medications, vital signs, and relevant laboratory data were collected using semi-structured questionnaire and data collection forms which were filling through patient interview and card review. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16 for windows. Descriptive statistics, cross-tabs, Chi-square, and logistic regression were utilized. Findings: Out of 257 study participants, 189 (73.5%) had DRPs and a total of 316 DRPs were identified. From the six classes of DRPs studied, 103 (32.6%) cases related to untreated indication or need additional drug therapy, and 49 (15.5%) cases related to high medication dosage. Unnecessary drug therapy in 49 (15.5%) cases, low medication dosage in 44 (13.9%) cases, and ineffective drug therapy in 42 (13.3%) cases were the other classes of problems identified. Noncompliance in 31 (9.8%) cases was the least prevalent DRP. Independent factors which predicted the occurrence of DRPs in the study population were sex, age, polypharmacy, and clinically significant potential drug-drug interactions. The prevalence of DRPs was substantially high (73.5%). Conclusion: Drug-related problems are common among medical ward patients. Indication-related problems, untreated indication and unnecessary drug therapy were the most common types of DRPs among patients of our medical ward.

Tigabu, Bereket Molla; Daba, Daniel; Habte, Belete

2014-01-01

3

Bacterial contamination, bacterial profile and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of isolates from stethoscopes at Jimma University Specialized Hospital  

PubMed Central

Introduction Hospital acquired infections are recognized as critical public health problems. Infections are frequently caused by organisms residing in healthcare environment, including contaminated medical equipment like Stethoscopes. Objective To determine bacterial contamination, bacterial profile and anti-microbial susceptibility pattern of the isolates from stethoscopes at Jimma University Specialized Hospital. Methodology Cross-sectional study conducted from May to September 2011 at Jimma University Specialized Hospital. One hundred seventy-six stethoscopes owned by Health Care Workers (HCWs) and Medical students were randomly selected and studied. Self-administered structured questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic data. Specimen was collected using moisten sterile cotton swab and 1 ml normal saline was used to transport the specimen, all laboratory investigations were done following standard microbiological techniques, at Microbiology Laboratory, Jimma University. SPSS windows version 16 used for data analysis and P <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Result: A total, of 151 (85.8%) stethoscopes were contaminated. A total of 256 bacterial strains and a mean of 1.44×104 CFUs/diaphragm of stethoscopes was isolated. Of the 256 isolates, 133 (52%) were potential pathogens like S. aureus, Klebsiella spp., Citrobacter spp., Salmonella spp., Proteus spp., Enterobacter spp., P. aeruginosa and E. coli. All strains were resistant to multiple classes of antibiotics (two to eight classes of antibiotics). Disinfection practice was poor. Disinfection practice was found to be associated with bacterial contamination of stethoscopes (P?

2013-01-01

4

Antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of bacterial isolates from wound infection and their sensitivity to alternative topical agents at Jimma University Specialized Hospital, South-West Ethiopia  

PubMed Central

Background Wound infection is one of the health problems that are caused and aggravated by the invasion of pathogenic organisms. Information on local pathogens and sensitivity to antimicrobial agents, and topical agents like acetic acid is crucial for successful treatment of wounds. Objectives To determine antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of bacterial isolates from wound infection and their sensitivity to alternative topical agents at Jimma University Specialized Hospital. Methods A cross sectional study was conducted among patients with wound infection visiting Jimma University Specialized Hospital, from May to September 2013. Wound swab was collected using sterile cotton swabs and processed for bacterial isolation and susceptibility testing to antimicrobial agents, acetic acid, hydrogen peroxide and dabkin solution following standard bacteriological techniques. Biochemical tests were done to identify the species of the organisms. Sensitivity testing was done using Kirby- Baur disk diffusion method. Minimum inhibitory and bactericidal concentration was done using tube dilution method. Results In this study 145 bacterial isolates were recovered from 150 specimens showing an isolation rate of 87.3%. The predominant bacteria isolated from the infected wounds were Staphylococcus aureus 47 (32.4%) followed by Escherichia coli 29 (20%), Proteus species 23 (16%), Coagulase negative Staphylococci 21 (14.5%), Klebsiella pneumoniae 14 (10%) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa 11 (8%). All isolates showed high frequency of resistance to ampicillin, penicillin, cephalothin and tetracycline. The overall multiple drug resistance patterns were found to be 85%. Acetic acid (0.5%), Dabkin solution (1%) and 3% hydrogen peroxide were bactericidal to all isolated bacteria and lethal effect observed when applied for 10 minutes. Conclusions On in vitro sensitivity testing, ampicillin, penicillin, cephalothin and tetracycline were the least effective. Gentamicin, norfloxacin, ciprofloxacin, vancomycin and amikacin were the most effective antibiotics. Acetic acid (0.5%), dabkin solution (1%) and H2O2 (3%) were bactericidal to all isolates.

2014-01-01

5

Outcomes in critical care delivery at Jimma University Specialised Hospital, Ethiopia.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to assess outcomes following intensive care unit (ICU) admissions at Jimma University Specialised Hospital, Ethiopia. This was a retrospective observational study. Data were collected regarding all ICU admissions and discharges during a 12-month period beginning August 2011. Demographic data and information regarding diagnosis, length-of-stay and outcome were gathered and data analysed. There were 370 admissions to the ICU during the study period. Median age (interquartile range) was 32.0 (22.0-47.0) years and 56.2% were males. The median length-of-stay (interquartile range) was 3.0 (1.0-7.0) days. The overall ICU mortality rate was 50.4% and major causes included trauma, cardiac disease, acute abdominal presentations, septic shock, tetanus and hysterectomy secondary to uterine rupture. Medical diagnoses accounted for 50.1% of admissions followed by surgery (43.2%) and obstetrics (5.8%). Corresponding mortality rates were 53.6, 48.0 and 42.9%, respectively. The main cause for surgical admission was trauma, with head injury carrying a mortality of 52.1%. The principal cause for medical admission was cardiac disease. In children, trauma, upper airway obstruction and communicable diseases were most common. Critical care mortality rates at this Ethiopian university hospital reflect the challenges facing critical care delivery in the developing world. Delayed presentation to hospital secondary to poor access to healthcare plays a predominant role. This is confounded by inadequate staffing, training, diagnostic and interventional limitations. Despite resource restraints, simple cost-effective measures may improve morbidity and mortality. PMID:23659399

Smith, Z A; Ayele, Y; McDonald, P

2013-05-01

6

Comparative cross-sectional study of empathy among first year and final year medical students in Jimma University, Ethiopia: Steady state of the heart and opening of the eyes  

PubMed Central

Background There is general consent that empathy is crucial for the physician-patient relationship and thus an important issue in medical education. This comparative study was designed to examine the differences in empathy between first year and final year medical students in Jimma University, Ethiopia. Methods A comparative cross-sectional study among 131 first year and 106 final year medical students was conducted in Jimma University, Ethiopia on academic year 2010/11. The study subjects were selected using simple random sampling technique from the list of the students. Study participation was voluntary. The Balanced Emotional Empathy Scale (BEES) was used for the detection of “heart-reading”, i.e. emotional empathy and the Reading the Mind in the Eyes test (RME-R test) to evaluate “mind-reading”, i.e. cognitive empathy. We performed t-test to compare the mean difference in empathy and RME-R scores between the two groups of students. A linear regression was computed to identify potential factors influencing the BEES and RME-R. Results Out of the total 237 students, 207 (87.3%) were males. The mean age of first year and final year students was 19.3?±?1.1 and 24.0?±?1.4?years respectively. First year students have scored 40.6?±?23.8 while final year students scored 41.5?±?20.8 mean in the BEES measuring emotional empathy score. However, this difference was not statistically significant (t?=??0.30, df?=?231, P-value >0.05). Final year students had significantly higher mean cognitive empathy score (17.8?±?4.5) than first year students (14.4?±?4.8) [??=?2.7, 95%CI (1.20, 4.13)]. Males had scored lower cognitive [??=??2.5, 95%CI (?4.37, ?0.66)] and emotional empathy [??=??12.0, 95%CI (?21.66, ?5.46)]. Conclusions Low emotional (BEES) and cognitive empathy sores were found in first year and final year students of Jimma University could have implications on the medical education curricula. Medical education targeted at enhancing emotional empathy and increasing cognitive empathy is required by segmenting with gender for effective physician-patient interaction. The influence of empathy on clinical competence should be studied using more rigorous design.

2012-01-01

7

Khat (Catha edulis Forsk) chewing, sociodemographic description and its effect on academic performance, Jimma University students 2002.  

PubMed

Khat (Catha edulis Forsk) chewing habit is being a hot issue of discussion nation wide. This habit is spreading at an alarming rate among the young generation, especially in high schools and higher institutions, where there are intensive academic activities. Students in colleges and universities commonly use khat, hoping that it improves their academic performance. The main aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of khat chewing and its impact on academic performance. A cross sectional study was conducted, in January 2002, on a representative sample of 500 students selected by systematic random sampling technique from a total of 2073 students who stayed in the university at least two years. Out of these, 76.91% were males, 59.53% were Orthodox believers, 70.98% were between 16 and 25 years old, and 49.15% were Amhara in their ethnic background. The current prevalence of khat chewing was estimated to be 24.79%. In this study, 27% of male students, 46.74% of Muslim students and 31.30% of Oromo students were found to be khat chewers. Khat chewing has a significant association with high income (p < 0.001), with smoking habit (p < 0.05) and with coffee drinking habit (p < 0.001). The presence of khat chewers in the family and among friends have also a positive association with khat chewing habit. The mean cummulative grade point average (CGPA) of non-chewers was found to be significantly higher (p < 0.001) than that of chewers. In conclusion, the present study depicts that gender, age, religion, ethnicity and income have a positive association with the habit of khat chewing. The t-test value showed a significant difference between the mean CGPA of Khat chewers and non chewers in favor of the later. This indicates that Khat chewing may not help to improve academic performance. PMID:16895029

Ayana, Andualem Mossie; Mekonen, Zeleke

2004-04-01

8

Quarters For Special Collections in University Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE RATE AT WHICH RARE BOOKS, special col- lections and manuscripts have migrated from the shelves of the private collector and the bookseller into university libraries during the past three decades has not only dismayed certain segments of the private book world, but has created difficult (but not unsolvable) housing and service problems for library planners. The movement of these

CECIL K. BYRD

9

Overseas Universities: Special Issue on Libraries. No. 21.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A special issue of Overseas Universities devoted to university libraries contains 10 articles concerning developing nations, particularly Africa. Articles cover: an architect's survey of university library problems; planning libraries in the humid tropics, with emphasis on the University of the South Pacific in Suva, Fiji; aid, funding, and…

Mahood, Molly M., Ed.

10

Academic Specialization and Contemporary University Humanities Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the academic specialization endemic today in humanities disciplines, some of the most important work of humanities centers has become promoting education about the humanities in general. After charting the rise of humanities centers in the US, three characteristics of centers that enable their advancement of larger concerns of the humanities…

Brownley, Martine W.

2012-01-01

11

Predictors of Academic Success for University Students in Special Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine intellectual (standardized tests and high school grades) and nonintellectual (attitudes, personality, and the like) predictors of success for students in special programs for culturally different students. Ninety-five freshmen enrolled in a special program at the University of Maryland, 90 of whom were…

Sedlacek, William E.; Brooks, Glenwood C., Jr.

12

Trachoma in Jimma zone, south western Ethiopia.  

PubMed

A population-based survey on trachoma was carried out in Jimma zone. The survey showed that trachoma is hyperendemic: of 7,423 people examined, 33.02% had signs of trachoma, 28.9% of males and 37.01% of females; 26.13% of the urban and 34.09% of the rural population had clinical signs of trachoma. Active trachoma (TF/TI) was seen in 24.5% of the study population (an estimated half million people). The prevalence of signs of active trachoma among children 0-10 years of age was 35.7%. Blinding trachoma (CO/TT) was seen in 3.81% of the population: 6.86% of the female population aged 15 years had trichiasis and/or entropion. Both active and critical trachoma were significantly associated with the female gender (P < 0.0000001 for each), living in rural areas (P < 0.0001 for each type), parental illiteracy (P < 0.0000001 for each) and absence of a latrine (P < 0.01 for each). Shorter distance of the household water supply was associated with a higher prevalence of both active and cicatricial trachoma. This was significant only for cases of active trachoma living in households within 16 to 30 minutes walking distance from the water source (P < 0.03). An estimated 17000 people in the zone are blind; 3500 of these from trachoma. About 52,000 people are in danger of blindness from trichiasis. Primary eye care activities such as promoting health education (face washing) among community members, especially women and children, mass chemotherapy for trachoma, training of health workers and establishment of community-based surgical services are recommended. These are to be executed by the Zonal Health Department in close collaboration with the community, governmental and non-governmental organisations. PMID:9438465

Zerihun, N

1997-12-01

13

Characterizing the Industrial Special Library Universe--II.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents supplementary statistical information characterizing industrial special libraries and backs up conclusions made in the journal article of the same title appearng in the May 1980 issue of the Journal of the American Society for Informa...

E. B. Jackson R. L. Jackson

1980-01-01

14

Traditional medicinal plant knowledge and use by local healers in Sekoru District, Jimma Zone, Southwestern Ethiopia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The knowledge and use of medicinal plant species by traditional healers was investigated in Sekoru District, Jimma Zone, Southwestern Ethiopia from December 2005 to November 2006. Traditional healers of the study area were selected randomly and interviewed with the help of translators to gather information on the knowledge and use of medicinal plants used as a remedy for human ailments

Haile Yineger; Delenasaw Yewhalaw

2007-01-01

15

"Approaches to the Teaching of Special Relativity Theory in High School and University Textbooks of Argentina"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this work, we presented an analysis of the representation of the special relativity theory (SRT) in the most used texts in high school, Polimodal level and university level in the teaching in the Argentine Republic, from a historic, epistemological and didactic perspective. The results show that none of the analyzed texts would allow a…

Arriassecq, Irene; Greca, Ileana Maria

2007-01-01

16

Admission and Graduation Requirements for Special Education Doctoral Programs at 20 Top American Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A quantitative analysis of the admissions and graduation requirements guidelines of the special education doctoral programs at 20 top American universities was conducted. Admission requirements typically include an application fee, previous coursework GPA, previous field experience, GRE scores, TOEFL scores, professional writing sample(s), and…

Walker, Gabriela

2009-01-01

17

Epidemiology of nematode parasites of sheep around Jimma, southwestern Ethiopia.  

PubMed

An investigation was made into the epidemiology of nematode infections of sheep in two districts of Jimma zone, southwestern Ethiopia. We used two approaches--long-term monitoring of identified sheep for nematode infection and abattoir or market survey for analysis. In the first monitoring regime, we used 80 lambs [40 sheep (20 per sex) from each district (Dedo and Yebu)] averaging 4-5 months of age. Faecal egg counts (FEC), packed cell volume (PCV) and body weight changes were monitored over a period of 1 year. Additionally, faecal samples were collected (on a weekly basis) from sheep brought to abattoir/market for 1 year to monitor faecal egg counts. The nematode parasite burden, as judged by FEC and PCV, was generally low indicating that the climatic conditions are not conducive to the development and survival of nematode eggs and the free-living stages; hence, little transmission occurred. In the experimental flocks, the highest FEC and lower PCV were recorded during the long rainy season (June to September) with peak in August and September. Faecal samples collected from abattoir/market also followed the same trend. Results from experimental sheep indicated that location had a significant (P < 0.01) effect on FEC, PCV and average daily body weight gain. The FEC and PCV for sheep in Yebu (mid-altitude) district were 126 +/- 3.33 and 30.6 +/- 0.26, whereas the values for Dedo (highland) were 93 +/- 4.35 and 32.0 +/- 0.21, respectively. The results indicate that the highland areas are comparatively less favourable to the survival and development of nematodes. Female lambs had lower FEC and higher PCV compared to male lambs (P < 0.05). The overall nematode parasite challenge in the area, however, is low. We, therefore, recommend rotational grazing management combined with monitoring parasite load and selective treatment to reduce productivity loses and pasture contamination. PMID:19882224

Haile, Aynalem; Gashaw, Abebaw; Tolemariam, Taye; Tibbo, Markos

2010-06-01

18

A Universal Model for Predicting Dynamics of the Epidemics Caused by Special Pathogens  

PubMed Central

A universal model intended primarily for predicting dynamics of the mass epidemics (outbreaks) caused by special pathogens is being developed at the State Research Center of Virology and Biotechnology Vector. The model includes the range of major countermeasures: preventive and emergency mass vaccination, vaccination of risk groups as well as search for and isolation/observation of infected cases, contacts, and suspects, and quarantine. The intensity of interventions depends on the availability of the relevant resources. The effect of resource limitations on the development of a putative epidemic of Ebola hemorrhagic fever is demonstrated. The modeling results allow for estimation of the material and human resources necessary for eradication of an epidemic.

Bachinsky, Alexander G.; Nizolenko, Lily Ph.

2013-01-01

19

Special Education Practicum at The University of Jordan: Preliminary Indicators of Students' Satisfaction and Concerns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

teachers are needed. The Special Education program at the University of Jordan places student teachers for their practicum in different educational settings. The purpose of this study was to report preliminary information about students' satisfaction and concerns…

AL Jabery, Mohammad A.; AL Khamra, Hatem A.

2013-01-01

20

New Master Program of Astrophysics and Specialization Courses for Matriculates of the Yerevan State University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The new Master program of Astrophysics had been established for the graduated students of the Department of Astrophysics, Yerevan State University (YSU). The titles of courses and their contents were renewed and reedited based on European Universities' recent achievements. Especially, the new visions of principles, programs, as well as data-bases of Virtual Observatories are now discussing for implementation at the Department of Astrophysics, YSU. In addition to this innovative program, together with the Byurakan Observatory administration and YSU Department of Astrophysics, as well as with invited from BAO professors-teachers we now preparing the popularized fashionable courses for the pre-specialization of so called “matriculates” of YSU (graduated pupils of schools, who will choose specialty in any brunch of natural sciences). The same program with several changes and adaptation will be prepared to represent the public groups or individuals as an educational material for life-long education.

Avetissian, Ara K.

2007-08-01

21

Many Paths, Many Voices: Oral Histories from the University of Washington Special Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Gary Greaves was a researcher who interviewed hundreds of people around Seattle in the late 1980s and 1990s. He went around the city and talked to the homeless, citizen activists, and many others. Regrettably, he passed away in 2009 before he could compile all of these observations into the book he was working on. This digital collection from the University of Washington Special Collections department brings together many of these interviews. First-time visitors can read a news article on his work from the UW Today newspaper before starting their exploration through the site. It's quite a trove and includes observations from politicians Cheryl Chow and Paul Schell, along with community activists such as Aaron Dixon, the founder of the local Black Panthers chapter.

Greaves, Gary

22

Serological survey of African horse sickness in selected districts of Jimma zone, Southwestern Ethiopia.  

PubMed

A cross-sectional serological survey was undertaken in selected districts of different agro-ecology of Jimma zone (Dedo, Yebu, Seka, Serbo, and Jimma town) from November 2009 to February 2010 to determine the seroprevalence of African horse sickness virus and associated risk factors of the disease. Two hundred seventy-four equids (189 horses, 43 mules, and 47 donkeys) with a history of non-vaccination for at least 2 years were selected randomly from the above areas. Sera samples were collected and assayed for the presence of specific antibody against African horse sickness virus using blocking ELISA. An overall seroprevalence of 89 (32.5%) was found and it was 24 (51.1%) for donkeys, 13 (30.2%) for mules, and 52(28.3%) for horses. Seroprevalence was significantly (X(2) = 11.05, P < 0.05) different among the different species of equids. Seroprevalence was also significantly (X(2) = 11.43, P < 0.05) different among the different agro-ecological areas being higher in highlands 47 (40.5%) followed by midland 30 (34.5%) and lowland 12 (16.9%). Age and sex were not significantly (X(2) = 3.15, P > 0.05 and X(2) = 3.38, P > 0.05, respectively) associated with seroprevalence of AHSV. The present study showed that African horse sickness (AHS) is highly prevalent disease for the horses followed by mules and then donkeys in Jimma zone explained by lower seroconversion rate. Therefore, control strategy against AHS should target at high risk species of all age and sex in their locality in the initial stage for better containment of the disease. PMID:21465102

Bitew, Molalegne; Andargie, Ashenafi; Bekele, Mihreteab; Jenberie, Shiferaw; Ayelet, Gelagay; Gelaye, Esayas

2011-12-01

23

Elevated blood lead levels among unskilled construction workers in Jimma, Ethiopia  

PubMed Central

Background No study has been carried out to assess the blood lead levels of workers or the contribution of common workplace practices to lead exposure in Ethiopia. This study was carried out to assess the blood lead levels of female and male laborers in the construction sector in Jimma town, Ethiopia. Method A cross-sectional study on the blood lead levels of 45 construction workers was carried out in the town of Jimma. The t-test, analysis of variance, the Kruskal-Wallis, Mann–Whitney and odds ratio tests were used to compare mean blood lead levels and to investigate the associations between specific job type, use of self-protection device, sex, service years and occurrence of non-specific symptoms with BLLs. Results The mean blood lead level of the exposed group (40.03?±?10.41 ?g/dL) was found to be significantly greater than that of the unexposed group (29.81?±?10.21 ?g/dL), p?=?0.05. Among the exposed group female workers were found to have higher mean blood lead level (42.04?±?4.11 ?g/dL) than their male colleagues (33.99?±?3.28 ?g/dL). Laborers who were regularly using self-protection devices were found to have significantly lower blood lead levels than those who were not using. Conclusion The blood lead levels of construction workers in Jimma town are considerably high with a range of 20.46 – 70.46 ?g/dL and the workers are in danger of imminent lead toxicity. More endangered are female construction workers who are bearers of the future children of the country and the issue requires urgent attention.

2014-01-01

24

Tuberculosis defaulters from the "dots" regimen in Jimma zone, southwest Ethiopia.  

PubMed

A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients with tuberculosis on the DOTS regimen in the four teaching health centers of Jimma zone to determine rate of defaulting and factors associated with it. All tuberculosis patients registered and treated using DOTS regimen in the 4 teaching health centers (THC's) from the second half of 1999 to December 30, 2000 were included in the study. A sub-sample of one hundred and fourteen 114 (56.2%) defaulters were traced at their homes and interviewed to elicit their reasons for defaulting. The study showed that overall rate of defaulting was 6.7%. The default rate from the DOTS regimen was found to be quite low when compared to the rate of defaulting from the standard regimen in Jimma zone. Socio-economic factors including distance of patients' residence from the health institution, lack of money for paying transportation and poor awareness about the disease were the major reasons contributing to poor compliance and defaulting. Designing community based strategies for DOTS regimen in order to make the drug available within the vicinity of the grass root community and strong information education and communication activities need to be employed in order to reduce the defaulter rate and improve the quality of treatment of tuberculosis cases by the DOTS regimen. PMID:16124124

Michael, Kifle W; Belachew, Tefera; Jira, Challi

2004-10-01

25

20 CFR 656.18 - Optional special recruitment and documentation procedures for college and university teachers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...procedures for college and university teachers. 656.18 Section 656.18 Employees...procedures for college and university teachers. (a) Filing requirements. Applications...of employment of college and university teachers must be filed by submitting a...

2013-04-01

26

Exposure and health risk assessment of lead in communities of jimma town, southwestern ethiopia.  

PubMed

Human beings could be exposed to lead arising from different environmental sources, such as air, water and soil. Tap water, air and soil samples were collected from four quadrants of Jimma town in southwestern Ethiopia. Eighty samples from each environmental source: water, air and soil samples were collected and analyzed for lead concentration. Prediction of the blood lead level and risk characterization was made using integrated exposure uptake biokinetic model and lead risk was calculated using USEPA guideline. Average concentration of lead in water, air and soils were 24.55 ± 10.01, 1.01 ± 0.41 µg/m(3), and 220.08 ± 135.95 µg/g respectively. Uptake of lead by children is significantly higher than the adults. The total risk value was 1.41 for children and 0.37 for adults. The finding revealed that children are more at risk than adults. PMID:24859516

Getaneh, Zerihun; Mekonen, Seblework; Ambelu, Argaw

2014-08-01

27

Urban malaria and associated risk factors in Jimma town, south-west Ethiopia  

PubMed Central

Background Malaria kills millions around the world. Until recently it was believed to be a disease of rural areas, since the Anopheles mosquito, which transmits Plasmodium species breeds in rural areas. Urban malaria is emerging as a potential, but "avertable" crisis, in Africa. In view of the rapidly growing number of small and medium-sized towns in Ethiopia there is a pressing need to improve the understanding of the epidemiology of malaria. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine malaria prevalence and associated risk factors in Jimma town. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out in Jimma town from April 1 to May 28, 2010. 804 study participants were included from 291 households for microscopic examination of malaria parasites. Socio-demography data and risk factors were collected using structured questionnaires. Logistic regression analysis was done using SPSS 15.0 statistical software. Results From a total of 804 study participants in current survey only 42 (5.2%) were positive for malaria parasites. Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium falciparum and mixed infection accounted 71.4%, 26.2% and 2.4%, respectively. Higher malaria prevalence rate was observed among under-five children (11%). Those who do not use insecticide-treated bed nets (ITN) were more likely to be infected with malaria (OR = 13.6; 95% CI 4.9-37.2, p < 0.001) compared with those who use the ITN. Living in areas where stagnant water existed (OR = 2.1; 95% CI 1.00-4.2, p = 0.047) and its distance of existence <1 km from the house(OR = 2.1; 95% CI 2.0-15.8, p = 0.001) were more likely to be infected with malaria parasite compared with those who live away from stagnant at a distance greater than 1 km. Conclusion Malaria is a major health problem with P. vivax becoming a predominant species in the town. The prevalence was strongly associated with proximity of residence to potential mosquito breeding sites. Malaria is affecting significant proportions of the urban settlers and human activities nevertheless play an important role in bringing the mosquito breeding sites closer to residences.

2011-01-01

28

Assistive Technology in Special Education and the Universal Design for Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using technology can help students with disabilities to enhance and improve their independence in academic and employment tasks, their participation in classroom discussions, along with helping them to accomplish some difficult academic tasks. This paper discusses the role and benefits of using assistive technology in the Universal Design for…

Alnahdi, Ghaleb

2014-01-01

29

The Impact of the Economic Downturn on Libraries: With Special Reference to University Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence is presented of the extent to which libraries from around the world are experiencing financial hardship as a result of the world-wide economic downturn. Comparative analyses are provides on the grounds of country, sector and size of institution. The article concentrates on the situation of UK and US university libraries and is based on…

Nicholas, David; Rowlands, Ian; Jubb, Michael; Jamali, Hamid R.

2010-01-01

30

A Pennsylvania State University/General Electric Get Away Special (GAS) experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe four student-designed experiments by the Pennsylvania State University, which are planned for a GAS canister. The four experiments will measure: the effects of radiation on semiconductors; orbital debris impacts; the Space Shuttle's magnetic field; and the photoelectric yield of several different materials. These experiments are the result of the efforts of more than one hundred students.

Evanisko, George; Grosch, Theodore; Youssef, Milad; Yurack, Jim

1992-10-01

31

A Pennsylvania State University/General Electric Get Away Special (GAS) experiment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We describe four student-designed experiments by the Pennsylvania State University, which are planned for a GAS canister. The four experiments will measure: the effects of radiation on semiconductors; orbital debris impacts; the Space Shuttle's magnetic field; and the photoelectric yield of several different materials. These experiments are the result of the efforts of more than one hundred students.

Evanisko, George; Grosch, Theodore; Youssef, Milad; Yurack, Jim

1992-01-01

32

Effects of Specially Tailored Information on Swedish University Students' Sexual Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

In independent surveys concerning sexual behavior among university students in Uppsala, Sweden, in 1989 and 1990, we found that condoms were infrequently used and that up to 25% of the sexually experienced students had a history of having had at least one sexually transmitted disease (STD). We targeted an information campaign toward the same students (approximately 20,000) in 1990. Our

Tanja Tydén; Cecilia Björkelund; Viveca Odlind; Sven-Eric Olsson; Anders Strand

1994-01-01

33

Montana's Indian Education. A University of Montana School of Journalism Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Originally presented in newspaper format, this report consists of 13 articles on American Indian education in Montana, written by journalism students at the University of Montana. The articles include: (1) "The Relentless Killing of a Culture" (David Zelio) which discusses the cultural genocide committed at boarding schools with the aim of…

Montana Univ., Missoula. School of Journalism.

34

Traditional medicinal plant knowledge and use by local healers in Sekoru District, Jimma Zone, Southwestern Ethiopia.  

PubMed

The knowledge and use of medicinal plant species by traditional healers was investigated in Sekoru District, Jimma Zone, Southwestern Ethiopia from December 2005 to November 2006. Traditional healers of the study area were selected randomly and interviewed with the help of translators to gather information on the knowledge and use of medicinal plants used as a remedy for human ailments in the study area. In the current study, it was reported that 27 plant species belonging to 27 genera and 18 families were commonly used to treat various human ailments. Most of these species (85.71%) were wild and harvested mainly for their leaves (64.52%). The most cited ethnomedicinal plant species was Alysicarpus quartinianus A. Rich., whose roots and leaves were reported by traditional healers to be crushed in fresh and applied as a lotion on the lesions of patients of Abiato (Shererit). No significant correlation was observed between the age of traditional healers and the number of species reported and the indigenous knowledge transfer was found to be similar. More than one medicinal plant species were used more frequently than the use of a single species for remedy preparations. Plant parts used for remedy preparations showed significant difference with medicinal plant species abundance in the study area. PMID:17547765

Yineger, Haile; Yewhalaw, Delenasaw

2007-01-01

35

Susceptibility assay of Haemonchus contortus to commonly used anthelmintics in Jimma, southwest Ethiopia.  

PubMed

An experimental study to investigate the susceptibility pattern of Haemonchus contortus to commonly used anthelmintics (albendazole, tetramisole, ivermectin, and triclobendazole) was conducted between June and September 2009. Adult H. contortus parasites were collected from a total of 30 sheep slaughtered at Jimma municipal abattoir. The anthelmintics were assessed for egg hatch inhibition ability against H. contortus eggs. The eggs (500 eggs/ml) were incubated with different concentrations (0.25, 0.125, 0.0625, 0.03125, and 0.015625 ?g/ml) at 26°C for 48 h. Egg hatching inhibition of different anthelmintics at different concentrations was recorded. The overall mean percent inhibition showed that there was a significant difference (p < 0.05) among the different concentrations. Mean egg hatch inhibition of ivermectin showed the highest result (84.90 %) at 0.25 ?g/ml, followed by albendazole (78.77 %), triclobendazole (76.66 %), and tetramisole (78.98 %), respectively. The overall mean percent inhibition showed a significant difference (p < 0.05) among the different anthelmintics. Further evaluation of these anthelmintics was recommended. PMID:22402797

Belew, Sileshi; Hussien, Jemal; Regassa, Feyesa; Belay, Kumilachew; Tolosa, Tadele

2012-10-01

36

A survey of illegal abortion in Jimma Hospital, south western Ethiopia.  

PubMed

A cross-sectional descriptive study of induced abortion was conducted in Jimma Hospital, South-western Ethiopia to determine socio-economic factors and associated problems during February 25-May 5, 1996. There were a total of 80 patients with a diagnosis of induced abortion were enrolled of which 50 (62.5%) cases were admitted for bleeding and infections. Thirty six (45%) of all cases were primigravidae. Students accounted for 28 (35%) of the cases. Seventy (87.5%) of the cases could read and write and only 31 (38.8%) were married. Seventy (87.5%) knew presence of family planning methods, and 40 (50%) used at least once previously. Eighteen (22.5%) gave economic problems as reason for abortion, and 76 (95%) of them used either rubber tubes or roots of plants to induce the abortion. Of the total 42 (52.5%) believed that the right of abortion concerns mainly themselves. The study showed that the problem is quite significant in the area. We recommend for a wide scale community based study concerning the problem. A well organized sex education, family planning services and family education are also suggested in order to alleviate the problem. PMID:11144878

Kebede, S; Jira, C; Mariam, D

2000-01-01

37

Analysis of caesarean delivery in Jimma Hospital, south-western Ethiopia.  

PubMed

In this prospective study, 100 mothers who have undergone caesarean section in Jimma Hospital from 23rd June 1992 to 24th September 1993 were analysed to determine the incidence, indications and post operative complications of caesarean delivery. During the study period, there were 1236 deliveries, of whom 100 mothers were delivered by caesarean section; giving a caesarean birth rate of 8%. The leading indications for caesarean section were cephalopelvic disproportion (44%), malpresentations and malpositions (21%), repeat caesarean section (16%), antepartum haemorrhage (8%) and foetal distress (6%), accounting for 95% of the indications for caesarean section. There was no maternal death, but the overall morbidity rate was 20%. The causes of morbidity were wound infection (27.1%), sepsis (21.4%), endometritis (33.3%), haemorrhage (8%) and wound dehiscence (10%). The gross perinatal mortality rate of 120 per 1000 live births was not significantly higher than the rate for all deliveries, which was 92.5% per 1000 live births (P < 0.5). The single most important cause of perinatal death was prolonged and obstructed labour. In order to reduce the high perinatal mortality and maternal morbidity, there is a strong and urgent need to prevent prolonged and obstructed labour through effective antenatal care and referral system. PMID:7781560

Ali, Y

1995-01-01

38

Municipal solid waste generation in growing urban areas in Africa: current practices and relation to socioeconomic factors in Jimma, Ethiopia.  

PubMed

As one of cities in the developing countries, a rapid population growth and industrial activities pose many environmental challenges for Jimma city, Ethiopia. One aspect of urban growth posing a threat on sustainable development is poor solid waste management, which results in environmental pollution. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the quantity, composition, sources of waste generated, their current disposal practices, and to recommend appropriate management technologies. The total waste generated daily in Jimma city was ca. 88,000 kg, and the average per capita generation rate was 0.55?±?0.17 kg/capita/day. Eighty-seven percent of the waste was produced by households and 13% by institutions, and a negligible fraction (0.1%) was generated by street sweepings. During the rainy season, 40% more waste was generated than in the dry season because of the increased availability of agricultural food product. Further analysis showed that biodegradable organic waste constitutes 54% by weight with an average moisture content of 60% that falls within the required limits for composting. The nonbiodegradable components constitute 46% of which 30% of it was nonrecyclable material. Only 25% of the community uses municipal containers for disposal at the selected landfill site. Fifty-one percent of the households disposed their waste in individually chosen spots, whereas 22% burned their waste. Finally 2% of households use private waste collectors. The socioeconomic analysis showed that higher family income and educational status is associated more with private or municipal waste collection and less with the application of backyard or open dumping. These insights into generated waste and management practice in Jimma city allow making suggestions for improved collection, treatment, and disposal methods. A primary conclusion is that the biodegradable waste is a major fraction having suitable properties for recycling. As such an economic benefit can be obtained from this waste while avoiding the need for disposal. PMID:22042042

Getahun, T; Mengistie, E; Haddis, A; Wasie, F; Alemayehu, E; Dadi, D; Van Gerven, T; Van der Bruggen, B

2012-10-01

39

A Study to Determine the Interest and Need for a Special Adult Degree Program in Liberal Studies at the Brigham Young University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of implementing a special adult degree program in liberal studies at the Brigham Young University, similar to the Bachelor of Liberal Studies degree offered at the University of Oklahoma. The research involved two separate nationwide surveys to determine the need, interest level, and…

Nebeker, W. Denton

40

Ocular morbidity at a small eye unit in Jimma town, south western Ethiopia: a three year analysis.  

PubMed

A total of 10,299 new cases of eye diseases were seen in the past three years at Jimma Eye Unit. Conjunctivitis, trachoma, cataract, and refractive errors, were the leading causes of ocular morbidity accounting for 35.5%, 16.8%, 10.6% and 9.7% of the cases respectively. 28.3% of the trachoma cases had trichiasis and/or entropion. Increased activity in primary eye care in general and, provision of entropion surgery, availability of low-cost eye glasses and the expansion and improvement of the eye unit are recommended to effect a better ophthalmic service in the region. PMID:7828504

Zerihun, N

1994-07-01

41

Dual universe and hyperboloidal relative velocity surface arising from extended special relativity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In two recent and completely independent articles (Hill and Cox in Proc R Soc A 468:4174, 2012; Vieira in Rev Bras Ensino F's 34(3):1-15, 2012), the authors propose an extension of the Lorentz transformations of special relativity which are applicable to velocities in excess of the speed of light and do not involve the need to introduce imaginary quantities which are difficult to reconcile with everyday experience. These independent derivations, obtained from entirely distinct perspectives, mean that there is now some commonality of agreement in the basic equations underlying superluminal motion. One consequence of the new theories is that the standard special relativity formula for the addition of relative velocities also applies for velocities in excess of the speed of light. The new theories are based on the assumption that for any two inertial frames separated by an infinite relative velocity, the product of the two measured velocities for the same particle must necessarily be the square of the speed of light. Here, we amplify the major physical consequences embodied in the theory, including the surprising and novel idea of the co-existence of two "worlds", such that in a subluminal world, everything is travelling with speeds less than the speed of light, while in the superluminal world, everything is travelling with speeds greater than the speed of light. We also establish the remarkable result that the reciprocal surface for the relative velocity formula can be re-orientated as a fully axially symmetric hyperboloidal surface, the full physical implications of which are not altogether transparent.

Hill, James M.; Cox, Barry J.

2013-12-01

42

University of Hawai'i at Manoa Libraries Special Collections: Digital Archives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by the University of Hawai'i System Libraries, this site contains three collections of digitized images. The first features images of Hawaiian language newspapers published from 1834 to 1948. They include stories, photos, advertisements, letters to the editor, and other content. The quality of images varies. The second collection comes from the Hawai'i War Records Depository (HWRD), and in addition to the photos, this section also provides information on the holdings of the HWRD, contact information, and a link to an online catalog. The third, and largest, collection includes approximately 8,000 images from the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI) archives. The photos are browsed by "reel" number and are offered as large thumbnails with links to full-size JPEG or TIFF images. The photos may also be keyword searched using an internal search engine. Links to further information about the four separate, self-governing districts that once composed the TTPI are also provided.

2001-01-01

43

Sero-prevalence of bovine brucellosis and its risk factors in Jimma zone of Oromia Region, South-western Ethiopia.  

PubMed

A cross sectional sero-prevalence study was conducted on 1,595 cattle in Jimma zone, Ethiopia to investigate the status of bovine brucellosis and identify potential risk factors. Sera samples were analyzed using Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT) and Complement Fixation Test (CFT). The overall individual and herd level sero-prevalences were 3.1% (n = 1,595) and 15.0% (n = 227), respectively. The sero-prevalence of bovine brucellosis at individual animal level was significantly higher in non-pregnant (11.18%) than pregnant (2.77%) and lactating (22.35%) than non-lactating animals (2.46%). Moreover, significantly higher sero-prevalence was observed in herds of larger sizes. Individual animal sero-prevalence was also positively associated with the occurrence of abortion (26.98 and 1.54% in those with and without previous history of abortion, respectively). Generally, the sero-prevalence of bovine brucellosis found in Jimma area was not high and the sero-prevalence was closely associated with some of the risk factors considered at individual animal and herd level. PMID:19543803

Ibrahim, Nuraddis; Belihu, Kelay; Lobago, Fikre; Bekana, Merga

2010-01-01

44

Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and associated risk factors among pregnant women in Jimma town, Southwestern Ethiopia  

PubMed Central

Background Toxoplasmosis is a common parasitic infection caused by an obligate intracellular protozoan, Toxoplasma gondii. If primary toxoplasmosis occurs during pregnancy about one third of the cases could lead to congenital toxoplasmosis, with subsequent pathological effects. This study aimed at determining the seroprevalence of T. gondii among pregnant women in Jimma town, Southwest Ethiopia. Methods A community based cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the seroprevalence and associated factors in pregnant women from August to September, 2011. A total of 201 study participants were included in this study. Data on socio-demographic and predisposing factors were collected from each study participant. Moreover, venous blood specimens were collected following Standard Operating Procedures. All the collected specimens were tested for IgM and IgG anti-T. gondii antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results The overall seroprevalence of T. gondii in the study area was 83.6%. One hundred and sixty three (81.1%) of the pregnant women were IgG seropositive, five (2.5%) were IgM seropositive. Three of the 5 pregnant women were positive for both IgG and IgM. Presence of domestic cat at home showed significant association with anti-T. gondii seropositivity (OR?=?5.82, 95% CI: 1.61- 20.99; p?

2012-01-01

45

Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice among Married Couples in Jimma Zone, Ethiopia  

PubMed Central

Background Understanding why people do not use family planning is critical to address unmet needs and to increase contraceptive use. According to the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey 2011, most women and men had knowledge on some family planning methods but only about 29% of married women were using contraceptives. 20% women had an unmet need for family planning. We examined knowledge, attitudes and contraceptive practice as well as factors related to contraceptive use in Jimma zone, Ethiopia. Methods Data were collected from March to May 2010 among 854 married couples using a multi-stage sampling design. Quantitative data based on semi-structured questionnaires was triangulated with qualitative data collected during focus group discussions. We compared proportions and performed logistic regression analysis. Result The concept of family planning was well known in the studied population. Sex-stratified analysis showed pills and injectables were commonly known by both sexes, while long-term contraceptive methods were better known by women, and traditional methods as well as emergency contraception by men. Formal education was the most important factor associated with better knowledge about contraceptive methods (aOR?=?2.07, p<0.001), in particular among women (aORwomen?=?2.77 vs. aORmen?=?1.49; p<0.001). In general only 4 out of 811 men ever used contraception, while 64% and 43% females ever used and were currently using contraception respectively. Conclusion The high knowledge on contraceptives did not match with the high contraceptive practice in the study area. The study demonstrates that mere physical access (proximity to clinics for family planning) and awareness of contraceptives are not sufficient to ensure that contraceptive needs are met. Thus, projects aiming at increasing contraceptive use should contemplate and establish better counseling about contraceptive side effects and method switch. Furthermore in all family planning activities both wives' and husbands' participation should be considered.

2013-01-01

46

Visual outcome of the first 500 cataract extractions done in the field; Jimma, Ethiopia.  

PubMed

In 1998, a total of 617 cataract operations were performed on 523 patients at five outreach sites in Jimma Zone; south-western Ethiopia. The first 500 consecutive operations performed on 423 patients were analysed for visual outcome two weeks following field surgery. Four hundred and seventy-seven eyes underwent standard intra capsular cataract extraction (ICCE) while 23 eyes underwent extra capsular cataract extraction (ECCE). Seventy-seven patients underwent bilateral cataract surgery while 346 patients had been operated on only one eye. Forty-two patients (10.1%) or eighty-one eyes were lost for follow up. Thirty-nine of the 77 patients (50.6%) who received bilateral surgery and only 3 of 346 patients (0.9%) who received unilateral surgery were lost for follow up. Seventy-seven eyes (18.4%) had final visual acuity (v/a) of > or = 6/18; 388 eyes (92.6%) had v/a of > or = 6/60 and 395 eyes (94.3%) had v/a > or = 3/60. Capsule rupture and vitreous loss were the most common intra operative complications, accounting for 7.4% and 6%, respectively. Both complications were encountered in 1.8% of the eyes. Twenty-four eyes (5.7%) were blind despite surgery. However, only three eyes were blind as a result of complications related to surgery. There is a need for improvement in the screening of patients for surgery. The overall visual outcome obtained was satisfactory. Possible factors affecting visual outcome are considered and recommendations to effect improvement discussed. PMID:14531632

Zerihun, N

2001-01-01

47

Blindness and low vision in Jimma Zone, Ethopia: results of a population-based survey.  

PubMed

A population-based study on the prevalence of blindness and low vision was carried out in Jimma Zone, south-western Ethiopia between November 1994 and January 1995. A total of 7423 people from a sample of 8215 (90.4%) was examined. Sixty-three (0.85%) were blind (visual acuity less than 3/60 in the better eye) and 125 people (1.7%) had low vision (less than 6/18-3/60). Cataract and aphakia (52.4%), corneal opacity and phthisis bulbi (25.4%), and glaucoma (9.5%) were the major causes of blindness. Cataract (56.8%), refractive errors (28.8%), and corneal opacity (12.8%) were the major causes of low vision. Corneal opacity from trachoma was responsible for 20.6% of all blindness and 10.4% of low vision. The prevalence of visual impairment due to refractive errors was 5.1/1000 population. Almost 25% of the study population had active trachoma, and 0.9% of pre-school children had signs of vitamin A deficiency. Out of a total population of 2 million an estimated 17,000 people are blind and 34,000 have low vision (i.e., a total of 51,000 people with visual impairment). Approximately 20,000 people require cataract surgery, 52,000 require lid surgery for trichiasis, 24,000 require spectacles (excluding presbyopia), including 10,000 for significant refractive errors, half a million require treatment for active trachoma and 4,000 require glaucoma treatment. Effective and feasible eye care programs need to be established in the zone and the available ophthalmic services have to be strengthened. These may be achievable through joint efforts of the community and the Ministry of Health in collaboration with non-governmental organizations. The available eye services are briefly described and recommendations made to meet the important needs for prevention of blindness in the region. PMID:9145412

Zerihun, N; Mabey, D

1997-03-01

48

Efficacy of different albendazole and mebendazole regimens against heavy-intensity Trichuris trichiura infections in school children, Jimma Town, Ethiopia.  

PubMed

Recent studies have shown that the efficacy of benzimidazole drugs is influenced by the intensity of trichuriasis. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of albendazole (ALB) and mebendazole (MBZ) administered randomly for 1 (ALB×1 and MBZ×1) or 2 days (ALB×2 and MBZ×2) to 385 school children with heavy-intensity trichuriasis (mean faecal egg counts (FEC) >1000 eggs per gram of stool (epg)) in Jimma Town, Ethiopia. The efficacies (95% confidence intervals) by means of reduction in faecal egg counts (FECs) were 29·3% (-9·9-56·2), 60·0% (48·5-70·9), 73·5% (64·2-81·3), and 87·1% (81·4-91·2) for ALB×1, MBZ×1, ALB×2, and MBZ×2, respectively. These observations highlight that assessment of the anthelmintic efficacy of existing or new compounds against Trichuris trichiura should be assessed under varying levels of infection intensity. PMID:23816513

Mekonnen, Z; Levecke, B; Boulet, G; Bogers, J-P; Vercruysse, J

2013-06-01

49

Efficacy of different albendazole and mebendazole regimens against heavy-intensity Trichuris trichiura infections in school children, Jimma Town, Ethiopia  

PubMed Central

Recent studies have shown that the efficacy of benzimidazole drugs is influenced by the intensity of trichuriasis. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of albendazole (ALB) and mebendazole (MBZ) administered randomly for 1 (ALB×1 and MBZ×1) or 2 days (ALB×2 and MBZ×2) to 385 school children with heavy-intensity trichuriasis (mean faecal egg counts (FEC) >1000 eggs per gram of stool (epg)) in Jimma Town, Ethiopia. The efficacies (95% confidence intervals) by means of reduction in faecal egg counts (FECs) were 29.3% (?9.9–56.2), 60.0% (48.5–70.9), 73.5% (64.2–81.3), and 87.1% (81.4–91.2) for ALB×1, MBZ×1, ALB×2, and MBZ×2, respectively. These observations highlight that assessment of the anthelmintic efficacy of existing or new compounds against Trichuris trichiura should be assessed under varying levels of infection intensity.

Mekonnen, Z; Levecke, B; Boulet, G; Bogers, J-P; Vercruysse, J

2013-01-01

50

Special Education in the Residential Setting. Proceedings of the Special Study Institute (Columbia University, New York, New York, June 30-July 18, 1969).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported are the proceedings of a three-week conference for special education administrators working with educational programs for the institutionalized mentally handicapped. Conference papers included are: The Role of a Residential Facility in Modern Society, by Robert Dentler; The Present Nature of Residential Populations, by Harvey Dingman;…

Younie, William J., Ed.; Goldberg, I. Ignacy, Ed.

51

Organizational Aspects of University Management in the 1980s. Report of a CAUBO Special Project on the Examination of Alternative University Organizational Structures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Present administrative structures at various Canadian universities are described, and administrative functions for universities in the 1980s are suggested. Attention is directed to the following topics: presidential leadership, university management, and institutional survival; conflicts inherent in organizational theory and organizational…

Tracz, George S.

52

Microbiological Quality of Indoor Air in University Libraries  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the concentration of bacteria and fungi in the indoor environment of Jimma University libraries, so as to estimate the health hazard and to create standards for indoor air quality control. Methods The microbial quality of indoor air of eight libraries of Jimma University was determined. The settle plate method using open Petri-dishes containing different culture media was employed to collect sample twice daily. Isolates were identified according to standard methods. Results The concentrations of bacteria and fungi aerosols in the indoor environment of the university libraries ranged between 367-2595 CFU/m3. According to the sanitary standards classification of European Commission, almost all the libraries indoor air of Jimma University was heavily contaminated with bacteria and fungi. In spite of their major source difference, the average fungi density found in the indoor air of libraries did appear to follow the same trend with bacterial density (P=0.001). The bacteria isolates included Micrococcus sp., Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Bacillus sp. and Neisseria sp. while Cladosporium sp., Alternaria sp., Penicillium sp. and Aspergillus sp. were the most isolated fungi. Conclusions The indoor air of all libraries were in the range above highly contaminated according to European Commission classification and the most isolates are considered as potential candidates involved in the establishment of sick building syndromes and often associated with clinical manifestations like allergy, rhinitis, asthma and conjunctivitis. Thus, attention must be given to control those environmental factors which favor the growth and multiplication of microbes in indoor environment of libraries to safeguard the health of users and workers.

Hayleeyesus, Samuel Fekadu; Manaye, Abayneh Melaku

2014-01-01

53

Universal Screening for Behavioral and Emotional Risk: A Promising Method for Reducing Disproportionate Placement in Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The overrepresentation of U.S. minority students identified for emotional and behavior disorders special education programs plagues schools and challenges researchers and practitioners. Arcane methods including teacher nomination continue to guide referral processes, despite compelling evidence of their influence on disproportionate special

Raines, Tara C.; Dever, Bridget V.; Kamphaus, Randy W.; Roach, Andrew T.

2012-01-01

54

Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Universe SciPack explores the ways scientists learn about the universe and the current ideas about the origins and formation of the universe. The focus is on Standards and Benchmarks related to the universe including how the universe was formed, formation and destruction of stars and characteristics of the sun and stars in terms of size and composition.In addition to comprehensive inquiry-based learning materials tied to Science Education Standards and Benchmarks, the SciPack includes the following additional components:� Pedagogical Implications section addressing common misconceptions, teaching resources and strand maps linking grade band appropriate content to standards. � Access to one-on-one support via e-mail to content "Wizards".� Final Assessment which can be used to certify mastery of the concepts.Learning Outcomes:Universe: How We Know What We Know� Select the right instrument given something specific to learn about the universe.� Describe, in simple terms, how scientists analyze light to learn about objects in the universe.� Describe what the study of light can tell us about objects in the universe.� Understand the various parts of the electromagnetic spectrum and how the various wavelengths can provide astronomers with different information.� Recognize that astronomers study a wide range of electromagnetic waves, not restricted to visible light.Universe: The Sun as a Star� Reject common misconceptions, such as stars are bits of the Sun. � List characteristics of the Sun that match the definition of a star.� Accurately compare and contrast the characteristics of the Sun with other stars (e.g., mass, distance, size, color).� Recognize the rough ratio of the distance to the Sun and the distance to the next nearest stars on a human scale (i.e., if the sun is 10 feet away, roughly how far is the next nearest star?).� Select the rough estimate of the travel time (at speed of light) to next nearest star from a list.� Describe how astronomers determined that the stars were just like the Sun.Universe: Birth, Life, and Death of Stars� Recount key aspects of the stellar life cycle. � Recognize the variables and conditions that would be needed to make predictions about the life cycle of a star, including the prominent role of initial mass. � Determine whether a reasonable prediction can be made, given certain knowns and unknowns.� Explain how the elements that compose our planet and solar system (and the rest of the universe) were formed.� Explain where the energy released by our Sun and other stars comes from.Universe: The Universe Beyond our Solar System� Arrange various objects in order of size and distance, ranging from space probes and moons to galaxies and galactic clusters.� Catalogue, in simple terms, the objects within a galaxy.� Generally explain "what is within what" (planetary systems, star clusters, galaxies, etc.).� Describe the location of our solar system within the Milky Way galaxy.� Describe the limitations of using parallax, radar, and brightness to measure the distance of objects from Earth, and classify objects whose distance from Earth could be accurately measured using each type of measurement strategy.Universe: The Origin and Evolution of the Universe� Provide a basic description of the conditions at the beginning of the universe.� Give the approximate age of the universe.� Recognize the scientific account of the current state of the universe given different explanations.� Explain the evidence for an expanding universe.� Describe, in simple terms, how scientists use observations of position and motion to learn about objects in the universe.

National Science Teachers Association (NSTA)

2007-03-21

55

Satisfaction with focused antenatal care service and associated factors among pregnant women attending focused antenatal care at health centers in Jimma town, Jimma zone, South West Ethiopia; a facility based cross-sectional study triangulated with qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Client satisfaction is essential for further improvement of quality of focused antenatal care and to provide uniform health care services for pregnant women. However, studies on level of client satisfaction with focused antenatal care and associated factors are lacking. So, the purpose of this study is to assess satisfaction with focused antenatal care service and associated factors among pregnant women attending focused antenatal care at health centers in Jimma town. Methods A facility based cross-sectional study involving both qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection was used from Feb 1-30/2013. Three hundred eighty nine pregnant women those come to the health centers were included in the study. A semi-structured questionnaire and focus group discussion guide was employed to obtain the necessary information for this study. Quantitative data was analysed using SPSS for windows version 16.0. Logistic regression model was used to compare level of satisfaction by predictors’ variables. Qualitative data was analyzed based on thematic frameworks to support the quantitative results. Result More than half of the respondents (60.4%) were satisfied with the service that they received. As to specific components, most of the respondents (80.7%) were satisfied with interpersonal aspects, and 62.2% were satisfied with organization of health care aspect. Meanwhile, 49.9% of the respondents were not satisfied with technical quality aspect and 67.1% were not satisfied with physical environment aspect. Multivariate logistic regression analysis result showed that type of health center, educational status of mother, monthly income of the family, type of pregnancy and history of stillbirth were the predictors of the level of satisfaction. The study found out that dissatisfaction was high in mothers utilizing service at Jimma health center, in mothers with tertiary educational level, in mothers with average monthly family income >1000birr, in mothers with unplanned pregnancy and in mothers with history of stillbirth. Conclusions Even though greater percentages of women (60.4%) were satisfied with the focused antenatal care service, the level of satisfaction was lower compared to other studies. The investigator recommends that patient feedback should be recognized as a legitimate method of evaluating health services in the health center as a whole.

2014-01-01

56

Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities. Summary Report, 2007-08. Survey of Earned Doctorates. Special Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities: Summary Report 2007-08" is the 41st in a series of reports on research doctorates awarded by universities in the United States. Data presented in this report were collected by the Survey of Earned Doctorates (SED). The SED, which has been conducted annually since 1957, is a census of all individuals…

National Science Foundation, 2009

2009-01-01

57

Trace Element Distribution in Selected Edible Tissues of Zebu (Bos indicus) Cattle Slaughtered at Jimma, SW Ethiopia  

PubMed Central

The amount of trace elements present in edible bovine tissues is of importance for both animal health and human nutrition. This study presents data on trace element concentrations in semitendinosus and cardiac muscles, livers and kidneys of 60 zebu (Bos indicus) bulls, sampled at Jimma, Ethiopia. From 28 of these bulls, blood samples were also obtained. Deficient levels of copper were found in plasma, livers, kidneys and semitendinosus muscles. Suboptimal selenium concentrations were found in plasma and semitendinosus muscles. Semitendinosus muscles contained high iron concentrations. Trace elements were mainly stored in the liver, except for iron and selenium. Cardiac muscles generally contained higher concentrations of trace elements than semitendinous muscles except for zinc. A strong association was found between liver and kidney concentrations of copper, iron, cobalt and molybdenum. Liver storage was well correlated with storage in semitendinosus muscle for selenium and with cardiac muscle for cobalt and selenium. Plasma concentrations of copper, selenium, cobalt were well related with their respective liver concentrations and for cobalt and selenium, also with cardiac muscle concentrations. The data suggest multiple trace element deficiencies in zebu cattle in South-West Ethiopia, with lowered tissue concentrations as a consequence. Based on the comparison of our data with other literature, trace element concentrations in selected edible tissues of Bos indicus seem quite similar to those in Bos taurus. However, tissue threshold values for deficiency in Bos taurus cattle need to be refined and their applicability for Bos indicus cattle needs to be evaluated.

Dermauw, Veronique; Lopez Alonso, Marta; Duchateau, Luc; Du Laing, Gijs; Tolosa, Tadele; Dierenfeld, Ellen; Clauss, Marcus; Janssens, Geert Paul Jules

2014-01-01

58

Open-label trial with artemether-lumefantrine against uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria three years after its broad introduction in Jimma Zone, Ethiopia  

PubMed Central

Background In Jimma Zone, Ethiopia, the first-line treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria has been changed from sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) to artemether-lumefantrine (AL) in 2006. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of AL in Jimma Zone two to three years after its broad introduction. Methods An open-label, single-arm, 42-day study of AL against falciparum malaria was conducted in four areas with moderate transmission in Jimma Zone between November 2008 and January 2009 and between August and December 2009. Patients (one-81?years) with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum mono-infection were consecutively enrolled. Follow-up visits were at day 2, 3, 7, 28 and 42 or any other day if symptoms reoccurred. Primary and secondary endpoints were PCR-corrected and uncorrected cure rates (molecular differentiation between recrudescence and re-infection) on days 28 and 42. Other secondary endpoints were gametocytaemia at day 7 and day 28, parasitaemia at day 2 and 3, and re-infection rates at day 28 and day 42. Results Of 348 enrolled patients, 313 and 301 completed follow-up at day 28 and at day 42, respectively. No early treatment failure occurred. For per protocol analysis, PCR-uncorrected cure rates at day 28 and 42 were 99.1% (95% CI 98.0-100.0) and 91.1% (95% CI 87.9-94.3), respectively. PCR-corrected cure rates at day 28 and 42 were 99.4% (95% CI 98.5-100.0) and 94.7% (95% CI 92.2-97.2), respectively. PCR-corrected cure rate at day 42 for children ?5?years was 90.6% (95% CI 82.4-98.7) only. Adverse events were in general mild to moderate. Incidence of new infections was 3.4% during 42?days, no new infections with Plasmodium vivax were observed. Microscopically detected gametocytaemia was reduced by 80% between day 0 and day 7. Conclusion In general, AL was effective and well tolerated in Jimma Zone, Ethiopia. However, the PCR-corrected recrudescence rate per-protocol at day 42 for children ?5?years was 9.4%. Therefore, further development should be monitored on a regular basis as recommended by WHO.

2012-01-01

59

Universal Design for Learning in the Classroom: Practical Applications. What Works for Special-Needs Learners Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Clearly written and well organized, this book shows how to apply the principles of universal design for learning (UDL) across all subject areas and grade levels. The editors and contributors describe practical ways to develop classroom goals, assessments, materials, and methods that use UDL to meet the needs of all learners. Specific teaching…

Hall, Tracey E., Ed.; Meyer, Anne, Ed.; Rose, David H., Ed.

2012-01-01

60

Personal impressions of Sigmund Freud and his work, with special reference to his recent lectures at Clark University  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses authors' personal impressions about Sigmund Freud and his work, based on Freuds' lecture at Clark University. Presents a brief history of Freud's investigations and opinions. The doctrines and methods of Freud have been acknowledged as being full of interest as they throw light upon the mode in which the mind works, independent of the particular nature of the emotions

James J. Putnam

1909-01-01

61

Spousal discordance on fertility preference and its effect on contraceptive practice among married couples in Jimma zone, Ethiopia  

PubMed Central

Objectives To assess spousal agreement levels regarding fertility preference and spousal communication, and to look at how it affects contraceptive use by couples. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study to collect quantitative data from March to May 2010 in Jimma zone, Ethiopia, using a multistage sampling design covering six districts. In each of the 811 couples included in the survey, both spouses were interviewed. Concordance between the husband and wife was assessed using different statistics and tests including concordance rates, ANOVA, Cohen’s ? and McNemar’s test for paired samples. Multivariate analysis was computed to ascertain factors associated with contraceptive use. Results Over half of the couples wanted more children and 27.8% of the spouses differed about the desire for more children. In terms of sex preference, there was a 48.7% discord in couples who wanted to have more children. At large, spousal concordance on the importance of family planning was positive. However, it was the husband’s favourable attitude towards family planning that determined a couple’s use of contraception. Overall, contraceptive prevalence was 42.9%. Among the groups with the highest level of contraceptive users, were couples where the husband does not want any more children. Spousal communication about the decision to use contraception showed a positive association with a couple’s contraceptive prevalence. Conclusions Family planning programs aiming to increase contraceptive uptake could benefit from findings on spousal agreement regarding fertility desire, because the characteristics of each spouse influences the couple’s fertility level. Disparities between husband and wife about the desire for more children sustain the need for male consideration while analysing the unmet need for contraception. Moreover, men play a significant role in the decision making concerning contraceptive use. Accordingly, involving men in family planning programs could increase a couple’s contraceptive practice in the future.

2014-01-01

62

The Hospital for Special Surgery affiliates with Cornell University Medical College and New York Hospital, 1951; Philip D. Wilson retires as Surgeon-in-Chief, 1955.  

PubMed

When World War II ended in 1945, the Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS), the oldest orthopedic hospital in the country, was entering its eighth decade. Only 5 years previously, its name was changed from the Hospital for the Ruptured and Crippled (R & C). In 1934, Dr. Philip D. Wilson (1886-1969) had been recruited to fill the office of the fifth Surgeon-in-Chief with a key charge to restore the hospital as the leading orthopedic institution in our country, a role it originally held for over half a century since its founding in 1863. Wilson believed that a close affiliation with a university center having a medical school and hospital, while maintaining independence, was vital to achieve this objective. In 1948, negotiations between representatives of the Board of the New York Society for the Relief of the Ruptured and Crippled and representatives of the Society of the New York Hospital and Cornell Medical Center began and a preliminary written agreement was reached in March, the next year. The affiliation called for construction of a new building to house approximately 170 inpatient beds for orthopedics and arthritis. The land on the East River between 70th and 71st Streets, owned by New York Hospital, was to be given, without monetary exchange, to the Hospital for Special Surgery for construction of its new hospital. Finally, on November 1, 1951, a new non-proximate agreement was ratified. On May 25, 1955, after 43 years at 321 East 42nd Street, the Hospital for Special Surgery moved to its new six million dollar building at 535 East 70th Street where it formally became affiliated with New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center. Two months later, on July 1, 1955, Philip D. Wilson retired as Surgeon-in-Chief to become the Hospital for Special Surgery's new Director of Research and Surgeon-in-Chief Emeritus. PMID:19506964

Levine, David B

2009-09-01

63

Predicting intention to use voluntary HIV counseling and testing services among health professionals in Jimma, Ethiopia, using the theory of planned behavior  

PubMed Central

Background To endorse involvement in voluntary HIV counseling and testing (VCT), it is essential to recognize factors that influence people in deciding whether to access VCT services and their underlying route factors. Theory of planned behavior (TPB) constitutes a proficient framework for predicting behaviors and intentions. Objective The aim of the study reported here was to assess the predicting ability of TPB in determining the intended use of VCT services among health professionals in Jimma, southwest Ethiopia. Methods This was an institution-based cross-sectional quantitative study of a sample of 336 health professionals in 12 selected districts of Jimma, southwest Ethiopia between February 5 to March 28, 2012. Data were collected using structured questionnaire self-administered by the study participants. A hierarchal multivariable linear regression model was used to predict the role of TPB constructs that can influence the intention to use VCT services. Results The constructs of TPB explained the variability in intention to use VCT by 27% (R2 adjusted = 0.27). The standardized regression coefficients showed that the strongest predictor of intention to use VCT was subjective norms (? = 0.32, P < 0.0005) followed by attitude (? = 0.21, P < 0.002). Perceived behavioral control was not a significant predictor of intention to use VCT among the study group (P = 0.12). Conclusion The study revealed the possibility of describing the intention to use VCT among health professionals using TPB, with perceived social pressure being the leading predictor. In light of this, health intervention programs should be designed to develop health professionals’ ability to resist norms that oppose the use of VCT and to change community-held norms against VCT use, provided they help individuals develop a positive attitude toward the services.

Abamecha, Fira; Godesso, Ameyu; Girma, Eshetu

2013-01-01

64

Value-Added Surrogates for Distributed Content: Establishing a Virtual Control Zone; Lessons Learned: Digitization of Special Collections at the University of Iowa Libraries; Offering High Quality Reference Service on the Web: The Collaborative Digital Reference Service (CDRS).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes three articles: (1) describes a collaboration that investigated integrity within the distributed nature of digital libraries through value-added surrogates; (2) describes the digitization of special collections at the University of Iowa libraries; and (3) explains the Collaborative Digital Reference Service (CDRS) being developed by the…

Payette, Sandra; Lagoze, Carl; Hughes, Carol Ann; Kresh, Diane Nester

2000-01-01

65

Special Days, Special Ways.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents unique ways to create special rituals that recognize individual students' achievements and milestones. Ideas include throwing a send-off party for a student who is moving; holding monthly birthday luncheons; choosing an ambassador to accompany new students around school; and making a lost tooth container that students can use to safely…

Clarke, Jacqueline

2001-01-01

66

The Practice of Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for use with an Open University (England) course, the book contains 27 papers on issues affecting handicapped students in special education. Topics considered include the individual and his/her relationship to the environment; the history of special education in the United Kingdom; varieties of special programs; relationships among…

Swann, Will, Ed.

67

Examining the cognitive effects of a special extract of Bacopa monniera (CDRI08: Keenmnd): a review of ten years of research at Swinburne University.  

PubMed

Bacopa monniera (EBm), an Indian aquatic herb, has been used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine for centuries for indications related to memory and inflammation. More recently specific extracts of EBm have emerged that have been subjected to rigorous in vitro, animal and now human clinical trials. In this paper we discuss some of these studies with special reference to mechanisms and efficacy of a special extract of Bacopa (CDRI08). Studies using this extract indicate that CDRI08 has several modes of action on the human brain. Promising indications for use in humans include improving cognition in the elderly and in patients with neurodegenerative disorders. PMID:23958194

Stough, Con; Scholey, Andrew; Cropley, Vanessa; Wesnes, Keith; Zangara, Andrea; Pase, Matthew; Savage, Karen; Nolidin, Karen; Lomas, Justine; Downey, Luke

2013-01-01

68

Pesticide residue evaluation in major staple food items of Ethiopia using the QuEChERS method: a case study from the Jimma Zone.  

PubMed

Samples of maize, teff, red pepper, and coffee (green bean and coffee bean with pulp) were collected from a local market in the Jimma Zone, Ethiopia. Samples were analyzed for the occurrence of cypermethrin, permethrin, deltamethrin, chlorpyrifos ethyl, DTT and its metabolites, and endosulfan (?, ?). In the analytical procedure, the QuEChERS (Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged and Safe) extraction methodology with dispersive solid phase extraction clean up (d-SPE) technique was applied. Validation of the QuEChERS method was satisfactory. Recovery percentages of most pesticides were in the range of 70% to 120%, with good repeatability (%relative standard deviation?

Mekonen, Seblework; Ambelu, Argaw; Spanoghe, Pieter

2014-06-01

69

Policies of Senior Colleges and Universities Concerning Transfer Students from Two-Year Colleges in North Carolina, 1983-1984. Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for counselors, advisers, and two-year college students planning to transfer to a four-year institution, this report presents the transfer policies of the 46 senior colleges and universities in North Carolina for 1983-84. Following introductory material about the purposes and development of the report, the report enumerates the policies…

North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill.

70

Development and Sustainability of School-University Partnerships in Special Education Teacher Preparation: A Critical Review of the Literature. NCIPP Document Number RS-3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Local school systems, Local Education Agencies [LEAs], and universities, Institutions of Higher Education [IHEs], work together in a variety of ways in the initial preparation and ongoing professional development of teachers, although it is difficult to ascertain the number of LEA/IHE partnerships. These relationships typically allow for a…

Rosenberg, Michael S.; Brownell, Mary; McCray, Erica D.; deBettencourt, Laurie U.; Leko, Melinda; Long, Suzanne

2009-01-01

71

Preparing Special Educators for Teacher Consultation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The publication defines the nature of special education consultation and presents various options through which training can be provided by college and university departments of special education. The first three papers present the realities of special education consultation as currently practiced: "Serving Special Children through Teacher…

Warger, Cynthia L., Ed.; Aldinger, Loviah E., Ed.

72

Coaching Specialization: The Oregon Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Oregon has developed a coaching specialization program that allows students to train for prospective coaching assignments without obtaining a teaching certification. Background information on the status of coaching certification is offered. (DF)

Sisley, Becky

1984-01-01

73

International Conference on Teaching-Learning Process in Universities. A Fresh Look into the Teaching-Learning Process and Use of Educational Technology in Universities with Special Reference to ASEAN Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proceedings of the conference include background information, transcripts of opening and closing sessions, papers presented, a conference program, summary of discussions, findings and recommendations, and lists of committees and participants. The papers are divided into four sections: (1) goals and objectives of university education in…

University of Science, Penang (Malaysia).

74

Special Relativity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website presents the user with the principles of the theory of Special Relativity. Addressing from Maxwell's first approach, to Lorentz transformations and Special Relativity consequences, like time dilation. The information is simple, but thoroughly presented, making it ideal for the non-scientist

Brewer, Jess

2009-06-10

75

Play Therapy with Special Populations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper notes that therapists often feel unqualified to deal with special populations of children because of a lack of understanding of the universalness of play therapy. Suggestions are offered for beginning play therapists who may work with a number of special populations of children. It is recommended that the social learning approach to…

Carmichael, Karla D.

76

Nosocomial blood stream infection in intensive care units at Assiut University Hospitals (Upper Egypt) with special reference to extended spectrum ?-lactamase producing organisms  

PubMed Central

Aim This study investigated the nosocomial blood stream infection (BSI) in the adult ICUs in Assiut university hospitals to evaluate the rate of infection in different ICUs, causative microorganisms, antimicrobial resistance, outcome of infection, risk factors, prevalence of extended spectrum B-lactamase producing organisms and molecular typing of Klebsiella pneumoniae strains to highlight the role of environment as a potential source of nosocomial BSI. Methods This study was conducted over a period of 12 months from January 2006 to December 2006. All Patients admitted to the different adult ICUs were monitored daily by attending physicians for subsequent development of nosocomial BSI. Blood cultures were collected from suspected patients to detect the causative organisms. After antimicrobial susceptibility testing, detection of ESBLs was conducted among gram negative isolates. Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates were tested by PCR to determine the most common group of B-lactamase genes responsible for resistance. Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates from infected patients and those isolated from the environment were typed by RAPD technique to investigate the role of environment in transmission of infection. Results The study included 2095 patients who were admitted to different ICUs at Assiut University Hospitals from January 2006 to December 2006. Blood samples were collected from infected patients for blood cultures. The colonies were identified and antibiotic sensitivities were performed. This study showed that the rate of nosocomial BSI was 75 per 1000 ICU admissions with the highest percentages in Trauma ICU (17%). Out of 159 patients with primary bloodstream infection, 61 patients died representing a crude mortality rate of 38%. Analysis of the organisms causing BSI showed that Gram positive organisms were reported in 69.1% (n = 121); MRSA was the most prevalent (18.9%), followed by methicillin resistant coagulase negative Staphylococci (16%). Gram negative bacilli were reported in 29.1% (n = 51). In this case, Klebsiella pneumoniae was the most common (10.3%) followed E coli (8.6%). Candida spp. was reported only in (1.7%) of isolates. Antibiotics sensitivities of Gram positive organisms showed that these organisms were mostly sensitive to vancomycin (90.1%), while Gram negative organisms were mostly sensitive to imipenem (90.2%). In this study we tested Gram negative isolates for the production of the ESBL enzyme and concluded that 64.7% (33/51) of patients' isolates and 20/135 (14.8%) environmental isolates were confirmed to be ESBL producers. The type of ?-lactamase gene was determined by polymerase chain reaction which showed that SHV was the main type. Molecular typing was done for 18 Klebsiella pneumoniae strains that caused nosocomial BSI and for the 36 Klebsiella pneumoniae strains which were isolated from the environmental samples by the RAPD method. The two environmental strains were identical, with one isolated from a patient, which confirms the serious role of the hospital environment in the spread of infections. Conclusion Nosocomial BSI represents a current problem in Assiut University Hospitals, Egypt. Problems associated with BSI include infection with multidrug resistant pathogens (especially ESBLs) which are difficult to treat and are associated with increased mortality. Of all available anti-microbial agents, carbapenems are the most active and reliable treatment options for infections caused by ESBL isolates. However, overuse of carbapenems may lead to resistance of other Gram-negative organisms.

Ahmed, Shaaban H; Daef, Enas A; Badary, Mohammed S; Mahmoud, Mohammed A; Abd-Elsayed, Alaa A

2009-01-01

77

Special Delivery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Specialized publications such as "Opera News,""Gourmet," and "Forbes" can bring an institution's story to targeted audiences. The experiences of Chautauqua Institution are described. Some of the benefits of marketing articles to these publications are discussed. (MLW)

Zimmer, Phil

1986-01-01

78

Special Observations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The wind or temperature profiler is a new special observation device designed to supplement traditional atmospheric measurement and provide more accurate middle-range forecasts, including aviation and space applications. Radar is most useful in the short,...

D. Beran

1988-01-01

79

Special Distributions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online, interactive lesson on special distributions provides examples, exercises, and applets covering normal, gamma, chi-square, student t, F, bivariate, normal, multivariate normal, beta, weibull, zeta, pareto, logistic, lognormal, and extreme value distributions. Overall, this lesson covers a plethora of topics, and for this reason, is a valuable resource.

Siegrist, Kyle

2008-12-24

80

Special Consideration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes how technology is providing students with unique challenges the regular, personalized assessments they need which yearly state assessments fail to do. Special education students--whether they have emotional or learning problems, English language deficiencies, or simply bad dispositions--are poorly served by one-size-fits-all…

Starkman, Neal

2007-01-01

81

Special Relativity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web site presents the fundamental concepts of Special Relativity along with some more advanced topics. The relativity postulates are used to explain consequences of the theory, such as time dilation, finite maximum speed, and the Lorentz Transformation. Images and animations are used extensively.

Hamilton, Andrew

2007-05-21

82

Special Education/Early Childhood Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document describes the Special Education/Early Childhood Program at the George Washington University--a 1 year, full time, noncategorical master's degree program to prepare special education professionals to service the needs of developmentally handicapped children, either in direct teaching roles or as special education early childhood…

George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Dept. of Special Education.

83

Special Rules for Special Ed.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School districts are on safer legal ground if they recommend appropriate educational services for each special-needs child, convene parents and school personnel for Individual Education Plan meetings, make placement decisions based on individualized, thorough evaluations; document alternative options; develop behavior-management programs, and use…

Weatherly, Julie J.

2000-01-01

84

Special Diagnostics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This section contains a number of special diagnostics that are designed to examine certain mechanisms. Section 1 reports on the method used to test the photochemical partitioning in the models. Sections 2 and 3 represent efforts to examine the model calculated production and removal rates for ozone and how the values are combined with transport rates in the models to produce the simulated ozone distributions. Sections 4 and 5 concentrate on polar processes including the dynamics aspect of vortex confinement and the chemical aspects of chlorine activation.

Ko, Malcolm K. W.; Salawitch, Ross J.; Jackman, Charles H.; Considine, David B.; Douglass, Anne R.

1999-01-01

85

Plasma universe  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Traditionally the views on the cosmic environent have been based on observations in the visual octave of the electromagnetic spectrum, during the last half-century supplemented by infrared and radio observations. Space research has opened the full spectrum. Of special importance are the X-ray-gamma-ray regions, in which a number of unexpected phenomena have been discovered. Radiations in these regions are likely to originate mainly from magnetised cosmic plasmas. Such a medium may also emit synchrotron radiation which is observable in the radio region. If a model of the universe is based on the plasma phenomena mentioned it is found that the plasma universe is drastically different from the traditional visual universe. Information about the plasma universe can also be obtained by extrapolation of laboratory experiments and magnetospheric in situ measurements of plasmas. This approach is possible because it is likely that the basic properties of plasmas are the same everywhere. In order to test the usefulness of the plasma universe model it is applied to cosmogony. Such an approach seems to be rather successful. For example, the complicated structure of the Saturnian C ring can be accounted for. It is possible to reconstruct certain phenomena 4 to 5 billions of years ago with an accuracy of better than 1%.

Alfven, H.

1986-01-01

86

Training Special Educators: Sustaining Professional Development in Special School Placements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the rapidly changing demographic due to survival rates from medical advances, the need to strengthen training on SEND is now recognised, and special school placements valued, having been previously marginalised within initial teacher training. Practices developed since 2008 at one university to support progression of trainees to gain advanced…

Peter, Melanie

2013-01-01

87

The expansive nondecelerative universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is shown that, among the models of the universe described by Friedmann's (1922, 1924) equations of universe dynamics, the only model which does not contradict observations is the model of a flat expansive nondecelerative universe (ENU), derived by Skalsky and Sukenik (1991, 1992) and Skalsky (1991). This model fulfills the conditions which result from the special theory of relativity, the general theory of relativity, and the quantum mechanics, and unites them in a complementary manner.

Skalsky, Vladimir

1993-03-01

88

Training Needs of Rural Special Educators in Louisiana  

Microsoft Academic Search

Special education personnel who plan to teach in rural areas are in need of specialized preservice training programs which address unique issues of the rural environment. This paper describes a project at Southeastern Louisiana University designed to identify training needs of special education teachers throughout the state of Louisiana. Although the literature in rural special education indicates a consensus in

HENRY B. REIFF; PEGGY L. ANDERSON

89

Education and Special Education in Vietnam.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recounts educational developments in Vietnam, noting strides in eliminating illiteracy, introducing universal preschool education and compulsory elementary education, increasing postsecondary educational opportunities. Difficulties in providing special education due to lack of friends and trained personnel are cited. (CL)

Csapo, Marg

1983-01-01

90

West Asian Special Libraries and Information Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special libraries are defined in this paper as those libraries serving such institutions as government offices, private corporations, associations, and university departments. Information centers are similar to special libraries but provide personalized, high quality reference service, usually in science and technology, and often using mechanical…

Harvey, John F.

91

Indigenous Specializations: Dreams, Developments, Delivery and Vision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article documents the establishment of the Indigenous Specializations program in the School of Social Work at the University of Victoria. In the absence of funding for Indigenous programs, First Nations professors Robina Thomas and Jacquie Green developed the Indigenous Specializations program "off the side of their desk". This article…

Richardson, Cathy; Thomas, Robina; Green, Jacquie; Ormiston, Todd

2012-01-01

92

Lehman Special Correspondence Files  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The late Herbert H. Lehman served in the United States Senate from 1949 to 1957, prior to that he was the Governor of New York from 1933 to 1942. He was also the son of Mayer Lehman, who helped found the noted investment banking firm, Lehman Brothers. The Columbia Universities Libraries Rare Book & Manuscript Library holds the Lehman Special Correspondence Files, which contains the Lehman family correspondence with nearly 1,000 individuals dating from 1895 to 1963. Lehman himself started this particular trove in order to isolate materials he wanted for his own personal use. This digital collection contains over 37,000 documents, which include letters from Benjamin Cardozo, Robert F. Kennedy, Adlai Stevenson, Robert Wagner, Alfred E. Smith, Henry Morgenthau, and Harold Ickes. Visitors can use the finding aid to locate specific items, and the search engine offered here is quite advanced.

93

Programs in Environmental Studies Part Three: Special Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents descriptions of special programs in environmental studies. They include: historical geography (University of Illinois); internship program (Miami University); public service projects (Miami University); philosophy of ecology program (University of Montana); and a research program at the Center for Conservation Biology (Stanford…

Environmental Review, 1984

1984-01-01

94

Special Osprey: Impact on Special Operations Doctrine.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The CV-22 Osprey will be the next generation Special Operations insertion and extraction platform. The Air Force Special Operations Command will begin receiving the modified Marine Corps MV-22's in 2002, with full operational capability scheduled for 2010...

T. J. Trask

1996-01-01

95

Special Education in Israel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes changes taking place in Israeli special education. It discusses the goals of special education, diagnosis and placement, special education procedures, criticism of the special education law, and the current status of special education in Israel. The movement towards increased inclusion is highlighted. (Contains 7…

Meadan, Hedda; Gumpel, Thomas P.

2002-01-01

96

Special Issue on Light Sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The papers in this Special Issue of Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics originate from the 11th International Symposium on the Science and Technology of Light Sources (LS:11) held at Fudan University, Shanghai, China, during 20–24 May 2007. Abstracts of all papers were published in the conference book Light Sources 2007 (Sheffield: FAST-LS) edited by Muqing Liu and R Devonshire.

D O Wharmby

2008-01-01

97

Generalized Doppler Formula in a Nonstatic Universe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Derives the general Doppler formula in a nonstatic universe using assumptions of special relativity, homogeneity and isotropy of the universe. Examples of applications to physical cosmology are given. (SL)

Gross, Peter G.

1977-01-01

98

Project SPECIAL TOPIC (Training of Professionals in Counseling).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes Project SPECIAL TOPIC, which developed a preservice graduate training program at Central Michigan University for preparing related services personnel in the area of school counseling with special emphasis on special education needs. Two complete training cycles have been completed with a total of 22 full-time graduate students…

Brandell, Mary Ellen; And Others

99

The Managerialist University: An Economic Interpretation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rise of the managerialist university, in terms of a shift towards supposed corporate forms of governance in universities, associated also with greater competition between universities, has been the subject of considerable controversy. Dissent with respect to these developments has commonly appealed to the notion of the university as a special

Aspromourgos, Tony

2012-01-01

100

When Universal Approaches and Prevention Services Are Not Enough: The Importance of Understanding the Stigmatization of Special Education for Students with EBD--A Response to Kauffman and Badar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author of this commentary responds to an article titled "How We Might Make Special Education for Students with Emotional or Behavioral Disorders Less Stigmatizing," by J.M. Kaufmann and J. Bader, who maintain that identifying youth as having emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD) and providing treatment for them is viewed to be…

Farmer, Thomas W.

2013-01-01

101

Special Education in Korea.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The text on special education in Korea is divided into four major sections--a brief history of special education in Korea, the present status of special education in Korea, the special education plan of the Young Kwang Educational Foundation, and directory of schools and classes for the exceptional in Korea. Topics covered include the following:…

Kim, Byung Ha, Ed.; Yeo, Kwang Eung

102

Revamping Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the need to change and improve the special education system, looking at the growth of special education; rising special education costs; and the dangers of training students for a lifetime of entitlement and to believe they are immune to discipline. Describes the three distinct populations served by special education. Concludes by…

Horn, Wade F.; Tynan, Douglas

2001-01-01

103

College and University Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Currents" reviews some of the recent developments in planning techniques for colleges and universities; statewide or regional planning problems are not considered. Following a discussion of planning and its benefits, the process of planning is reviewed and two case studies of planning are examined. Special attention is focused on…

Harvey, James

104

Inclusive Special Education: The Role of Special Education Teachers in Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study concentrates on the work of special education teachers in mainstream education in Finland, where these professionals work with children from various classes, usually in a separate room. The research reported in this article by Marjatta Takala of the University of Helsinki, Raija Pirttimaa of the University of Oulu and Minna Tormanen,…

Takala, Marjatta; Pirttimaa, Raija; Tormanen, Minna

2009-01-01

105

The special effort processing of FGGE data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The basic FGGE level IIb data set was enhanced. It focused on removing deficiencies in the objective methods of quality assurance, removing efficiencies in certain types of operationally produced satellite soundings, and removing deficiencies in certain types of operationally produced cloud tracked winds. The Special Effort was a joint NASA-NOAA-University of Wisconsin effort. The University of Wisconsin installed an interactive McIDAS capability on the Amdahl computer at the Goddard Laboratory of Atmospheric Sciences (GLAS) with one interactive video terminal at Goddard and the other at the World Weather Building. With this interactive capability a joint processing effort was undertaken to reprocess certain FGGE data sets. NOAA produced a specially edited data set for the special observing periods (SOPs) of FGGE. NASA produced an enhanced satellite sounding data set for the SOPs while the University of Wisconsin produced an enhanced cloud tracked wind set from the Japanese geostationary satellite images.

1983-01-01

106

Mississippi Special Olympics: Special Events Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provided in the manual are organizational guidelines and suggested activities for a Special Evants segment of the Mississippi Special Olympics Program to encourage participation by low motor functioning, multihandicapped, mentally retarded persons. Information is provided concerning objectives, organizational set-up, guidelines, communication…

Heinze, Toni; Cooper, Walter E.

107

Special Analysis Report: Special Education Personnel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis of New York state's current and prospective special education personnel status presents 40 tables and accompanying narratives. Major findings include the following: (1) there is a need for 5,176 full-time special education teacher positions and 2,633 full-time teacher assistant positions; (2) there is a need for 2,457 full-time…

State Univ. of New York, Albany.

108

SPECIAL CLASSES FOR STUDENTS WITH SPECIAL NEEDS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A SPECIAL 3-YEAR TRAINING PROGRAM IN FARM POWER AND MACHINERY WAS DEVELOPED TO PROVIDE FOR DIFFERENT LEVELS OF STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT AND TO HELP MEET THE NEED FOR SKILLED WORKERS IN THE MISSISSIPPI DELTA AREA. CHANGES IN THE LEARNING ENVIRONMENT OF STUDENTS TRANSFERRED FROM REGULAR VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE CLASSES TO THE SPECIAL CLASSES PROVIDE A MORE…

DOWELL, G.L.

109

What's so special about special visceral?  

PubMed

The brainstem is classically divided into functional columns including special and general subdivisions for somatic and visceral components. The term 'special visceral motor' is applied to branchiomotor nuclei, while 'special visceral sensory' refers to nuclei devoted to incoming gustatory and olfactory senses. The use of the term 'special visceral motor' is questioned in that the branchiomotor neurons function more like general somatic than general visceral motoneurons. The designation of taste and smell as 'special visceral sensory' systems seems inconsistent on several bases. First, taste and smell are not homologous systems: (1) the receptors are grossly dissimilar in morphology and relationship to other elements of the nervous system; (2) the two systems mediate very different behaviors and respond to different types of chemical stimuli, and (3) chemosensory systems are not 'special' (i.e. limited to cranial nerves) in that solitary chemoreceptor cells, which are distributed across the body surface, can be innervated by spinal or cranial nerves. Finally, taste is considered 'special' because it involves specialized chemosensory end organs; the visceral nerves also provide innervation to other specialized chemoreceptors (e.g. carotid body) which are considered part of the general visceral sensory system. Thus the term 'special visceral sensory' appears without solid foundation when applied to gustatory systems in contradistinction to nongustatory branchial and thoracic interoceptive systems. A reformulation of the functional columns of the brainstem is suggested in which six columns can be identified: (1) somatic motor; (2) branchial motor; (3) visceral motor; (4) visceral sensory; (5) somatic sensory, and (6) hair cell (dorsolateral placode) sensory. PMID:8109195

Finger, T E

1993-01-01

110

Special Education Resources on the Internet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Special Education Resources on the Internet (SERI), provided by Hood College, contains a large list of pointers to Internet information on special education of all kinds. Included are general disabilities information, university based information, disability products, national organizations, legal resources, hearing impairment, mental retardation, behavioral disorders, learning disabilities, vision impairment, Attention Deficit Disorder, Autism, and gifted and talented. A good place to start for information on this topic.

111

Philological Papers: Special Issue Devoted to the Teacher in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Literature and Film. Volume 36. Papers Presented at the West Virginia University's Annual Colloquium (13th, Morgantown, West Virginia, September 29-October 1, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains papers read at West Virginia University's Colloquium on "The Teacher in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Literature and Film" including the following 12 articles listed with their authors: "A Second Pair of Eyes: The Editor as Teacher" (Hart L. Wegner); "Don Juan Goes to the Movies" (Armand E. Singer); "The Teacher in Jean…

Singer, Armand E., Ed.

1990-01-01

112

Veicolarita e linguaggio scientifico--analisi del primo "Progetto italiano per studenti universitari somali" (Languages for Special Purposes and Scientific Usage--An Analysis of the First "Italian Project for Somali University Students").  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of an intensive Italian course for science students attending Somalia's National University is described. The historical background for this project, sponsored by the Italian Government and staffed by Italian teachers, is outlined. Course objectives, methods, and organization are illustrated by samples of instructional materials,…

Amato, Antonio

1979-01-01

113

What This Is We Bring Your America: The Co-Construction of an Electronic Picturebook by Special Educators and Their Students According to the Principles of Universal Design for Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1997, one of the stipulations that Congress inserted into the reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA-97) was the mandate that schools must give students with disabilities access to the very same standards-based curriculum as their non-disabled peers. Just as Universal Design emerged as a paradigm in…

Fitzgerald, John Francisco

2009-01-01

114

Three Chinese Women's Vocational Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes three women's vocational schools in China. Discusses campuses, specialities, curriculum, and facilities available to students at Fujian Hua'nan Women's Vocational College, Xi'an Peihua Women's University, and Hunan Women's Vocational University. Notes an emphasis on practical experience at the three schools. (DK)

Dai, Shujun

1991-01-01

115

The University for Older Adults: On Cuba's Universalization of the University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we focus on a new program in Cuba, university studies for older adults or seniors. Specifically, we look at the Special Municipality of the Isla de la Juventud (Isle of Youth) in the context of the larger policy of "universalization of higher education." We provide information about Cuban perspectives on adult education, discuss the…

Rangel, Clara Lig Long; Proenza, Antonia Zenaida Sanchez

2006-01-01

116

JGR special section: Gas Geochemistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth and Planets will devote a special section of an issue to regularly reviewed papers on the gas geochemistry of volca-nism, earthquakes, resource exploration, and the earth's interior. Interested authors are invited to submit three copies of each manuscript by July 1, 1985, to Gerald Schubert, Editor, Journal of Geophysical Research—Solid Earth and Planets, Department of Earth and Space Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90024, and one copy to the guest associate editor for the special section, Chi-Yu King, U.S. Geological Survey, 345 Middle-field Rd., MS/977, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (telephone: 415-323-8111, ext. 2706 or FTS 467-2706). King should also be informed of the title of each paper by May 1, 1985.

117

Codes with special correlation.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Uniform binary codes with special correlation including transorthogonality and simplex code, Hadamard matrices and difference sets uniform binary codes with special correlation including transorthogonality and simplex code, Hadamard matrices and difference sets

Baumert, L. D.

1964-01-01

118

Special education in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Special education has been gaining intense attention from governments and educators throughout the world. As a developing country, and official candidate for the European Union, Turkey has been working on issues related to special education provision and inclusive education to improve the quality of services for citizens with disabilities. This article presents the developments and current status of special education

Macid A. Melekoglu; Orhan Cakiroglu; Kimber W. Malmgren

2009-01-01

119

Alabama Special Days  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Today, we are going to look at special days in Alabama history. Today we are going to look at four special Alabama Days: 1) Boll Weevil Festival 2) Helen Keller Day 3) Mardi Gras 4) Shrimp Festival I am giving you videos to watch about each special day. I am ...

Lucky, Ms.

2012-04-04

120

Standards for Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Alberta Standards for Special Education are effective in September 2003 and require school boards to effectively identify and deliver programs for students with special needs in grades 1-12. Emphasis is on consistent and enhanced educational practice within the Canadian province so that students with special needs will receive appropriate…

Wosnack, Niki

121

Developments in special geometry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We review the special geometry of Script N = 2 supersymmetric vector and hypermultiplets with emphasis on recent developments and applications. A new formulation of the local c-map based on the Hesse potential and special real coordinates is presented. Other recent developments include the Euclidean version of special geometry, and generalizations of special geometry to non-supersymmetric theories. As applications we disucss the proof that the local r-map and c-map preserve geodesic completeness, and the construction of four- and five-dimensional static solutions through dimensional reduction over time. The shared features of the real, complex and quaternionic version of special geometry are stressed throughout.

Mohaupt, Thomas; Vaughan, Owen

2012-02-01

122

State Special Education Outcomes, 2003: Marching On  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the ninth survey of state directors of special education by the National Center on Educational Outcomes (NCEO) at the University of Minnesota. Results include all 50 states and 9 of the 11 federally funded entities (unique states). The purpose of this report is to provide a snapshot of the new initiatives, trends,…

Thompson, Sandra; Thurlow, Martha

2004-01-01

123

Cosmological relativity: A special relativity for cosmology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under the assumption that Hubble's constant H0 is constant in cosmic time, there is an analogy between the equation of propagation of light and that of expansion of the universe. Using this analogy, and assuming that the laws of physics are the same at all cosmic times, a new special relativity, a cosmological relativity, is developed. As a result, a

M. Carmeli

1995-01-01

124

Library Legislation is for Special Librarians Too.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Library legislation affects all types of libraries, including special libraries. A good example is found in the New York state legislation for Reference and Research Library Resources Systems, in which public, business, industrial, hospital, college, university and historical society libraries are organized into nine regional councils. The 1974…

Soroka, Marguerite C.

125

EDITORIAL: Special Issue on Light Sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The papers in this Special Issue of Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics originate from the 11th International Symposium on the Science and Technology of Light Sources (LS:11) held at Fudan University, Shanghai, China, during 20 24 May 2007. Abstracts of all papers were published in the conference book Light Sources 2007 (Sheffield: FAST-LS) edited by Muqing Liu and R

D. O. Wharmby

2008-01-01

126

Tits Satake projections of homogeneous special geometries  

Microsoft Academic Search

We organize the homogeneous special geometries, describing as well the couplings of D = 6, 5, 4 and 3 supergravities with eight supercharges, in a small number of universality classes. This relates manifolds on which similar types of dynamical solutions can exist. The mathematical ingredient is the Tits Satake projection of real simple Lie algebras, which we extend to all

Pietro Fré; Floriana Gargiulo; Jan Rosseel; Ksenya Rulik; Mario Trigiante; Antoine Van Proeyen

2007-01-01

127

Baghdad University: A Day in the Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Once, Baghdad University was one of the most prominent institutions of higher education among all the Arab countries, perhaps second only to Cairo University. In all Iraq, built up about thirteen universities, fifty-five specialized colleges, and more than a hundred scientific centers. Each academic year, more than 250,000 students attended these…

Ali, M. H.; Al-Mukhtar, Jenan

2004-01-01

128

The Evolution and Development of the Universe  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document is the Special Issue of the First International Conference on the Evolution and Development of the Universe (EDU 2008). Please refer to the preface and introduction for more details on the contributions. Keywords: acceleration, artificial cosmogenesis, artificial life, Big Bang, Big History, biological evolution, biological universe, biology, causality, classical vacuum energy, complex systems, complexity, computational universe, conscious evolution,

Clement Vidal; Charles Auffray; Alex H. Blin; Jean Chaline; Louis Crane; Thomas Durt; Borje Ekstig; Horace Fairlamb; Jan Greben; Rob Hengeveld; Francis Heylighen; Gerard Jagers op Akkerhuis; Giuseppe Longo; Nicolas F. Lori; Denis Noble; Laurent Nottale; Franc Rottiers; John Stewart; Ruediger Vaas; Gertrudis Van de Vijver; Nico M. van Straalen

2009-01-01

129

A Systems Approach to University Organization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document conceptualizes the university as a living social system with technical, managerial, service, and institutional subsystems that have specialized goals. The document discusses models of university compliance systems--the compliance of university participants in different models such as formal, semiformal, and informal. In developing…

Andes, John

130

NIST Special Database 10  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document describes the NIST fingerprint database, NIST Special Database 10. The databaseprovides a large sample of patterns for transitional fingerprint classes and classes with a low naturalfrequency of occurrence in NIST Special Database 9. The 552 fingerprint cards in NIST SpecialDatabase 10 are non-mated cards archived on a set of three CD-ROM's with the first CD-ROMcontaining 2160 fingerprint images

C. I. Watson

1993-01-01

131

Central Michigan University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Central Michigan University serves Michigan and the larger community as a doctoral/research intensive public university focused on excellent teaching and student-focused learning. The University is committed to providing a broad range of undergraduate and graduate programs and services to prepare its students for varied roles as responsible citizens and leaders in a democratic and diverse society. Its programs encourage intellectual and moral growth, prepare students for meaningful careers and professions, instill the values of lifelong learning, and encourage civic responsibility, public service and understanding among social groups in a global society. The university emphasizes an undergraduate program that maintains a balance between general education and specialization. In addition to educational depth in at least one academic discipline or professional field, the university provides educational experiences in the arts, humanities, natural and social sciences, global cultures, and issues of race and diversity. The university offers selected high quality graduate programs in traditional disciplines and professional fields. Through its College of Extended Learning, the university provides access to higher education programs and lifelong learning opportunities both nationally and internationally through a variety of innovative instructional methods and schedules designed to meet the demands of adult populations. Central Michigan University encourages research, scholarship and creative activity and promotes the scholarly pursuit and dissemination of new knowledge, artistic production and applied research. Through its support of research, the university enhances the learning opportunities of both its undergraduate and graduate students and promotes economic, cultural and social development. The university�s sense of community is reflected through governance structures that allow broadbased participation, opportunities for close student-faculty interaction, and a rich array of residential and campus-based co-curricular activities. Through its partnerships and outreach efforts, the university promotes learning outsideof the traditional classroom and enhances the general welfare of society.

University, Central M.

132

Anatomy of Change: Curriculum Revision in Special Education Teacher Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described are the methods used in a revision of the special education teacher training program at Wayne State University in Detroit, including development and revision of the curriculum, impelementation and initial readjustment, and faculty and student response. (IM)

Hanninen, Kenneth A.; And Others

1977-01-01

133

Special Status Plant Species Surveys and Vegetation Mapping at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the results of Jones & Stokes' special-status plant surveys and vegetation mapping for the University of California, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Special-status plant surveys were conducted at Site 300 in April to Ma...

R. E. Preston

2006-01-01

134

Universal Time  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article explains the concept of 'Universal Time' (UT), sometimes referred to as 'Coordinated Universal Time' (UTC). Topics include how UTC is measured, who uses it, and a brief discussion of the historical context of this time standard.

135

Brown University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The computing at Brown University was formalized in 1960. Computing history, current university computing, and a description of the Institute for Research in Information and Scholarship are discussed. The installation of a broadband communications network (BRUNET) was recently completed. (MLW)

CAUSE/EFFECT, 1984

1984-01-01

136

Special Education Resource System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide to the Special Education Resource System (SERS) of the Flour Bluff (Texas) school system contains policies and procedures regarding organization, services, and process of the system. Noted is the SERS purpose of providing information and access to appropriate instructional media and materials for special education personnel. Briefly…

Kampert, George J.

137

Handbook of Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to serve as a basic reference work for students and professionals in special education, the book contains 34 author contributed chapters concerned with the conceptual foundations of special education, service delivery systems, curriculum and methods, and child and child/environmental management. Chapters have the following titles and…

Kauffman, James M., Ed.; Hallahan, Daniel P., Ed.

138

Special Education in Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Major changes in special education during the past five years in Canada and the United States are reviewed in terms of (1) ideological conflict, (2) lack of empirical data, (3) rapid expansion of disability categories, (4) emergence of equality rights, (5) critical views of special education, and (6) new trends such as integration. (DB)

Csapo, Marg

1992-01-01

139

Challenges Facing Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents 17 selected papers from recent issues of the journal, "Focus on Exceptional Children," concerning current and emerging challenges facing the field of special education. The book is organized in two parts. Part 1, "Contemporary Challenges," includes the following articles: "Transitions in Early Childhood Special Education: Issues…

Meyen, Edward L., Ed.; And Others

140

Special Education in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special education has been gaining intense attention from governments and educators throughout the world. As a developing country, and official candidate for the European Union, Turkey has been working on issues related to special education provision and inclusive education to improve the quality of services for citizens with disabilities. This…

Melekoglu, Macid A.; Cakiroglu, Orhan; Malmgren, Kimber W.

2009-01-01

141

Problems, Methods and Specialization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The large aspiration to place the whole of software development alongside the established branches as one more branch of engineering is misconceived. Our aspiration should be to develop specialized branches of software engineering, each meriting its own place alongside the specialized established branches.

Michael Jackson

1994-01-01

142

Assessing Special Events.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special events defined as being "newsworthy events" are becoming a way of American life. They are also a means for making a lot of money. Examples of special events that are cited most frequently are often the most minor of events; e.g., the open house, the new business opening day gala, or a celebration of some event in an organization. Little…

Neff, Bonita Dostal

143

The "Special" Way: Mary Paxton and Her Journalism Degree.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The only woman in the first graduating class of the world's first school of journalism at the University of Missouri, Mary Paxton Keeley was offered a position as a special reporter for the "Kansas City Post" in 1910. As was typical for female journalists at the time, most of Paxton's assignments during her 15 months with the "Post" were special

Flocke, Elizabeth Lynne

144

The Use of Service-Learning among Special Education Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to describe the use of service-learning (SL) by special education faculty at 4-year colleges and universities across the United States, and to determine faculty attitudes and beliefs about the application of SL in special education. Participants included faculty with experience in SL teaching and/or research in…

Neeper, Lance S.; Dymond, Stacy K.

2012-01-01

145

The Impending Shortage of Special Education Faculty: A Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document highlights the major findings of a four-year study about the supply and demand of special education college and university faculty. The Special Education Faculty Needs Assessment (SEFNA) project concluded its data collection efforts in July of 2011. This national study continued the work of previous efforts that found the shortage of…

Smith, D. D.; Young, C.; Montrosse, B.; Tyler, N. C.; Robb, S. M.

2011-01-01

146

Special Functions Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

EJS Special Functions Model shows how to access special functions in the OSP numerics package. The simulation displays a graph of the special function over the given range as well as the value of the selected function at a single point. The following special functions can be displayed: Legendre polynomials Pn(x) associated Legendre functions Pnm(x) Laguerre polynomials Ln(x) associated Laguerre polynomials Lnm(x) Chebyshev polynomials of the first kind Tn(x) Chebyshev polynomials of the second kind Un(x) Bessel functions Jn(x) A description of the EJS special functions along with links to more information about the functions are provided.

Christian, Wolfgang

2008-12-16

147

The role of intellectual capital and university technology transfer offices in university-based technology transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study develops a theoretical model to explain the relationships among intellectual capital, research outcomes, and technology transfer (TT) performance, investigating the role of university TT offices (UTTOs) in the innovation process. The authors examined these relationships by sampling 49 Taiwanese universities within a 2-year period. It is concluded that universities with specialized UTTOs indeed promote TT performance (TTP) based

Hui-I Feng; Chia-Shen Chen; Chuan-Hung Wang; Hsueh-Chiao Chiang

2011-01-01

148

The role of intellectual capital and university technology transfer offices in university-based technology transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study develops a theoretical model to explain the relationships among intellectual capital, research outcomes, and technology transfer (TT) performance, investigating the role of university TT offices (UTTOs) in the innovation process. The authors examined these relationships by sampling 49 Taiwanese universities within a 2-year period. It is concluded that universities with specialized UTTOs indeed promote TT performance (TTP) based

Hui-I Feng; Chia-Shen Chen; Chuan-Hung Wang; Hsueh-Chiao Chiang

2012-01-01

149

Connecting to Special Collections of Children's Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Kent State University School of Library and Information Science serves as the home for two children's literature special collections. The Reinberger Children's Library Center is located on the third floor of Kent State's University Library and includes the Marantz Picturebook Collection for the Study of Picturebook Art. The…

Brodie, Carolyn S.

2013-01-01

150

Supporting Special Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many secondary science teachers feel overwhelmed by directives to adapt curriculum and instruction for students with special needs. So, how can science teachers juggle their familiar responsibilities as well as the new skills needed in today's diverse cla

Conn, Kathleen

2001-03-01

151

Special Issue: Viktor Lowenfeld.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Viktor Lowenfeld's role in fashioning a predominant ideology and teaching method for art education in schools is an indispensable chapter in the history of art education. His contributions are discussed in this special issue. (RM)

Youngblood, Michael S., Ed.

1982-01-01

152

My Special Place  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students pick a place of significance to them (their Special Place) for analysis in this semester-long project. (A model is provided by the instructor using a place the students are not likely to have visited.)

Moosavi, Sadredin

153

National Special Security Events.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Major events that are considered to be nationally significant may be designated by the President-or his representative, the Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS)- as National Special Security Events (NSSE). Beginning in September 1998 thr...

S. Reese

2009-01-01

154

National Special Security Events.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Major events that are considered to be nationally significant may be designated by the President or his representative, the Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) as National Special Security Events (NSSE) Beginning in September 1998 throu...

S. Reese

2007-01-01

155

Special parallel processing workshop  

SciTech Connect

This report contains viewgraphs from the Special Parallel Processing Workshop. These viewgraphs deal with topics such as parallel processing performance, message passing, queue structure, and other basic concept detailing with parallel processing.

NONE

1994-12-01

156

Special Noise Barrier Applications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report summarizes an investigation of the technical, aesthetic, and economic feasibilities of incorporating special noise barrier applications into a highway noise control program. The intent of the report is to take as a starting point the thin, vert...

L. F. Cohn R. A. Harris

1993-01-01

157

Online Learning: Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special section includes "The View from the Middle" (Dick Schaaf); "Crossing the Channel" (Dawn Garrett); and "Bandwidth Basics" (Dick Schaaf). Sidebars look at bandwidth and management issues as well as courseware development. (JOW)

Training, 1999

1999-01-01

158

Universal Formulation For Symmetries In Computed Flows  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Universal formulation for high-order symmetries in boundary conditions on flows devised. Eliminates need for special procedures to incorporate symmetries and corresponding boundary conditions into computer codes solving Navier-Stokes and Euler equations of flow.

Pao, S. Paul; Abdol-Hamid, Khaled S.

1995-01-01

159

[Mathematics - astronomy - astrology special library].  

PubMed

About 1560 Elector August of Saxony created an unusual library--one distinguished within its period by both its specialization and location. Situated within the Kunstkammer this library was mostly dedicated to the mathematical sciences and related disciplines. It contained works by the most important authors on mathematics, astronomy, and astrology from the classical, medieval, and early modern periods. This essay traces the formation and composition of August's library, and examines its function: What kind of relationship existed between the library and the Kunstkammer? In what way did the library mirror the interests of the Elector, and to what extend does it permit inferences regarding the Elector's knowledge of mathematics? From the analysis August emerges not as a specialist with a deep understanding of mathematics, but as a particular aficionado of mathematical applications. As a practitioner and general follower of the mathematical arts he took part in a far-reaching intellectual network the center of which lay in the University of Wittenberg. Here, Melanchthon had effectively strengthened the importance of the mathematical disciplines within the university curriculum. He regarded mathematics as the foremost science, arguing that before all other disciplines its method enabled man to recognize the harmonic order of the world, and to discern divine providence. Thus, mathematics offered consoling stability and support in an often seemingly chaotic world torn by religious controversies. This kind of esteem for the mathematical sciences did not presuppose expert knowledge. Hence, the fact that August does not appear to have read the mathematical books he collected does not come as a contradiction. On the contrary, for August it sufficed to recognize the potential of the mathematical sciences, which he brought into life through the creation of a specialized library that developed a rhetoric of its own. The collection of his Kunstkammer library spoke of a harmonically ordered world while at the same time memorializing August as a lover of mathematics and an important figure within the group of mathematical experts and enthusiasts. PMID:21898978

Gluch, Sibylle

2011-01-01

160

Special Edition: Windows XP  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new special edition from Northern Light (last mentioned in the January 11, 2001 Scout Report for Business & Economics) features selected and organized resources on Windows XP. The resources, which will be updated weekly, include links to external sites, documents from Northern Light's library, and search results generated on-the-fly for selected phrases. The special edition is divided into eleven sections, such as Office XP, Security, Legal Issues, and News & Reviews.

1997-01-01

161

JGR special issue on Deep Earthquakes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The editor and associate editors of the Journal of Geophysical Research—Solid Earth and Planets invite the submission of manuscripts for a special issue on the topic “Deep- and Intermediate-Focus Earthquakes, Phase Transitions, and the Mechanics of Deep Subduction.”Manuscripts should be submitted to JGR Editor Gerald Schubert (Department of Earth and Space Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90024) before July 1, 1986, in accordance with the usual rules for manuscript submission. Submitted papers will undergo the normal JGR review procedure. For more information, contact either Schubert or the special guest associate editor, Cliff Frohlich (Institute for Geophysics, University of Texas at Austin, 4920 North IH-35, Austin, TX 78751; telephone: 512-451-6223).

162

The role of the university.  

PubMed Central

The role of the university, and particularly the health sciences university, in promoting positive health for women is twofold. First, the dissemination of existing knowledge raises awareness of special health needs and identifies gaps in the present research and literature base. Second, universities must project future needs of women in a rapidly changing society where such things as space travel may become commonplace. Reduction of the risk of debilitating disease and promotion of positive attitudes will enhance the quality of life for women. A logotherapeutic approach to choosing one's own attitudes toward life's challenges promotes successful coping in a dynamic society.

Starck, P L

1987-01-01

163

Universal Quantum Entanglement Concentration Gate  

Microsoft Academic Search

We construct a Universal Quantum Entanglement Concentration Gate (QEC-Gate). Special times operations of QEC-Gate can transform a pure 2-level bipartite entangled state to nearly maximum entanglement. The transformation can attain any required fidelity with optimal probability by adjusting concentration step. We also generate QEC-Gate to the Schmidt decomposable multi-partite system.

Zi-Yang Wang; Chuan-Wei Zhang; Chuan-Feng Li; Guang-Can Guo

2000-01-01

164

Parent University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A description of the Parent University program of the San Rafael (California) City Schools is presented. The Parent University is described as a 1-day event in which parents are offered a variety of seminars and workshops on topics in education and parenting. Materials included in this document are: (1) an overview of the second annual Parent…

Howlett, Hoyt S.

165

Overseas Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following articles and reports are presented in this publication of "Overseas Universities:""Appropriate Technology and University Education," by John Twidell; "The Training of Engineering Staff for Higher Education Institutions in Developing Countries," by D. W. Daniel, C. A. Leal, J. H. Maynes and T. Wilmore; "A Case Study of an Academic…

Inter-University Council for Higher Education Overseas, London (England).

166

Predictors of sexual abstinence among Wolaita Sodo University Students, South Ethiopia  

PubMed Central

Background It is over 30 years since the first case of AIDS [Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome] was identified. Attention has been focused recently on the promotion of the “ABCs” of HIV prevention (being abstinent or delaying sex, remaining faithful to one sexual partner, and using condoms consistently during sexual intercourse). As programs that focus on ABCs to prevent heterosexual transmission HIV are rolled out, questions of how well university students who come from varied cultural contexts actually understand the terms and address challenges to adopt behaviors is unanswered. In Ethiopia, despite the mushrooming number of students in the higher learning institutions with the current figure being 210,000 students accommodated in 33 public and 72 private higher learning institutions, sexual and reproductive health services, are not delivered in an organized way. The objective of this study is to identify factors associated with Sexual abstinence among Wolaita Sodo University students to provide evidence for designing appropriate interventions. Methods A Cross-Sectional study was conducted among 750 undergraduate students selected from Wolaita Sodo University using a stratified simple random sampling technique during the academic year. Data were collected using structured self administered questionnaire, focus group discussion and in depth interview guides as tools for data collection. Ethical clearance was obtained from Jimma University and informed consent was obtained from the participants after explaining purpose of study. Statistical tests were employed wherever necessary at the significance level of 0.05. Results All of the participants had heard about HIV/AIDS of which 97.3% had good knowledge. Higher proportions of male students were sexually active than their counter parts. Students with better knowledge on HIV AIDS were 6.6 (95%CI=1.6, 12.9) times more likely to abstain from sexual intercourse than their counter parts. Conclusions Knowledge of students about risk of HIV infection is strong predictors of sexual abstinence of students which were less observed among students who came from rural areas. The university needs to intensify strong behavior change communication using multiple strategies through the active involvement of students themselves within the university’s premises and in the surrounding community in collaboration with stakeholders to promote Sexual abstinence.

2013-01-01

167

Special supplement introduction: hallucinations.  

PubMed

This Special Supplement presents reports from 11 working groups of the interdisciplinary International Consortium on Hallucination Research meeting in Durham, UK, September 2013. Topics include psychological therapies for auditory hallucinations, culture and hallucinations, hallucinations in children and adolescents, visual hallucinations, interdisciplinary approaches to the phenomenology of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs), AVHs in persons without need for care, a multisite study of the PSYRATS instrument, subtypes of AVHs, the Hearing Voices Movement, Research Domain Criteria for hallucinations, and cortical specialization as a route to understanding hallucinations. PMID:24936079

Fernyhough, Charles; Waters, Flavie

2014-07-01

168

Special Education and Special Student Services. Status Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The four sections of this report use text, graphs, and tables to present the status of Oregon programs providing special education, compensatory education, student services, early childhood education, and special projects. The first section, on special education, provides the mission statement and the state's goals for special education and then…

Brazeau, Karen; And Others

169

Some comments on the universal constant in DSR  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Deformed Special Relativity is usually presented as a deformation of Special Relativity accommodating a new universal constant, the Planck mass, while respecting the relativity principle. In order to avoid some fundamental problems (e.g. soccer ball problem), we argue that we should switch point of view and consider instead the Newton constant G as the universal constant.

Girelli, Florian; Livine, Etera R.

2007-05-01

170

University of Michigan Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Michigan has been developing online digital collections for well over a decade, and their image collections cover everything from architecture to zoology. On this site, visitors can browse through the various collections at their leisure. They are arranged alphabetically, and first-time users would do well just to look over the "Art/Art History" section. Here they will find art images that can be used in the college classroom, tremendous holdings from their textiles collections, and a special section dedicated to Egyptian amulets. Also included here are collections from the University of Michigan's Herbarium Fungus Image Database and field notes. Not every site can say they have "something for everyone", but just about anyone with an interest in the visual arts, science, or the humanities in general will find something to pique their interest.

171

In/Difference in the Neoliberalised University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article the authors take up the invitation to respond to the previous articles in the special issue. They discuss why it is so difficult to speak and write about gender and sexuality, and difference more generally, in the neoliberalised university. They make the case that the neoliberal university engages and uses categorical difference,…

Petersen, Eva Bendix; Davies, Bronwyn

2010-01-01

172

Inflation in the universe  

SciTech Connect

The hot big bang cosmology, or the standard cosmology as it is appropriately known, is a highly successful model, providing a reliable and tested accounting of the Universe from 0.01 sec after the bang until today, some 15 Gyr later. However, very special initial data seem to be required in order to account for the observed smoothness and flatness of our Hubble volume and for the existence of the small primeval density inhomogeneities required for the formation of structure in the Universe. Inflation offers a means of accounting for these special initial data, which is based upon physics at sub-planck energy scales (<< m/sub pl/ approx. = 10/sup 19/ GeV) and is motivated by contemporary ideas in particle theory. Here I review the status of the 'Inflationary Paradigm'. At present essentially all inflationary models involve a very weakly-coupled (quantified by the presence of a dimensionless parameter of order 10/sup -12/ or so) scalar field which is displaced from the minimum of its potential. Regions of the Universe where the scalar field is initially displaced from its minimum undergo inflation as the scalar field relaxes, resulting in a Universe today which resembles ours in regions much larger than our present Hubble volume (approx. = 10/sup 28/ cm), but which on very large scales (>> 10/sup 28/ cm) may be highly irregular. The most conspicuous blemish on the paradigm is the lack of a compelling particle physics model to implement it. I also review some other unresolved issues, and discuss in detail the all important confrontation between inflation and observational data. Finally, I discuss the possibility that inflation leads to large-scale, primeval magnetic fields of sufficient strength to be of astrophysical interest. 123 refs., 4 figs.

Turner, M.S.

1987-05-01

173

Children in Special Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

wenty-five years ago educational services for children with disabilities were frequently fragmented, underfunded, highly segregated, and unreliable. Public schools were often ill prepared and unwilling to provide special and necessary services to children with disabilities. Over the past two decades, efforts to provide an appropriate education for children with disabilities in America—through a series of state statutes, federal court cases,

Eugene M. Lewit; Linda Schuurmann Baker; Linda Schuurmann

174

Elementary Teacher Training Specialization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This specialized teacher training program, submitted by Quincy College, Quincy, Illinois as an entry in the 1973 Distinguished Achievement Award Program, provided perspective teachers with increased opportunities and experiences in specific areas of competency. These areas were early childhood education and remedial reading. The Remedial Reading…

Quincy Coll., IL.

175

Special Theory of Relativity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two years ago I pointed out1 what appears to be an inconsistency in the kinematical part of Einstein's special theory of relativity. I repeated this in a slightly different form in a volume published in December last2. No comment has been made on the former publication, either spontaneously or in response to individual requests, and in none of the many

Herbert Dingle

1962-01-01

176

Engineering Science Specialization: Ohio  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document from the Great Lakes Fuel Cell Education Partnership contains information on the engineering science specialization program for the state of Ohio. The document includes the basic required curriculum for this program of study, including course titles, required competencies and related academic areas that will be integrated (mathematics and language arts, for example). This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2012-02-16

177

Specially Funded Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A total of eight specially funded programs designed to improve social and human conditions are described. These programs are Adult Basic Education (ABE), Adult Personal Traffic Safety (APTS), Emergency Employment Act (EEA), Industry Sponsored Programs (ISP), Manpower Development Training Act (MDTA), Model Cities Projects, Work Incentive Program…

Los Angeles City Schools, CA.

178

Special Needs Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide was designed for Vocational Special Needs Programs in Idaho and concentrates on preparing handicapped and disadvantaged students to succeed in regular vocational programs. The subjects, pre-vocational in nature, include: Living Skills (self concept, life management, community resources, food and nutrition, clothing and…

Idaho State Board of Vocational Education, Boise.

179

Columbia Quincentenary. Special Issue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special theme issue of the OAH Magazine of History contains articles that present a variety of perspectives on the Columbian Quincentenary--the 500th anniversary of Christopher Columbus's voyages of discovery. The articles include: "Exploring the Columbian Quincentenary through Historiography" (John Hebert); "Science, Religion, and Columbus's…

Foard, Douglas, Ed.; Regoli, Michael, Ed.

1991-01-01

180

Big Dreams, Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research suggests that 40 percent of college-age students with disabilities in the United States are enrolled in community colleges. Two-year colleges for a long time have been billed as ideal places for students with special needs to continue their educations, especially when those needs dictate that they remain closer to home. However, some…

Scheib, Michele

2007-01-01

181

Fixing Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current system of educating disabled students provides financial incentives to schools to overidentify students as disabled and underserve those that are identified. The incentive to overidentify is caused by providing schools with additional funds as more students are placed in special education categories that are ambiguous to diagnose and…

Greene, Jay P.

2007-01-01

182

Exploring Tools: Special Microscopes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners use a flexible magnet as a model for a scanning probe microscope (SPM). They learn that SPMs are an example of a special tool that scientists use to work on the nanoscale. Use this activity to talk about different tools that scientists use to study the nanoscale.

Network, Nanoscale I.; Sciencenterw

2010-01-01

183

Making General Education "Special"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A questionnaire was completed by 84 administrators of special education programs for educable mentally retarded (EMR) students in the State of Oregon to determine kinds of administrative problems and possible alternative courses of action involved in integrating EMR students into regular classrooms. (Author)

Warnock, Nancy J.

1976-01-01

184

Online Learning. Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special section includes "World Wide Weeds" (Ann M. Bauer), about trainers as webmasters; "Get the Picture?" (Frank Jossi)--the role of digital video in computer-based training; and "The Reluctant Executive" (Anne K. Fredrickson), how to get administrators into the information age. (JOW)

Training, 1998

1998-01-01

185

Handbook of Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special education is now an established part of public education in the United States--by law and by custom. However, it is still widely misunderstood and continues to be dogged by controversies related to such things as categorization, grouping, assessment, placement, funding, instruction, and a variety of legal issues. The purpose of this…

Kauffman, James M., Ed.; Hallahan, Daniel P., Ed.

2011-01-01

186

Recasting the Special Relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

The notion of a special relationship between the United Kingdom and the United States was first articulated by Winston Churchill sixty years ago in a speech in Fulton, Missouri (Churchill 1948). In this speech, Churchill sought to define the UK's role in an international system that had been utterly transformed by the Second World War. The huge sacrifices demanded by

Andrew Gamble; Ian Kearns

187

Special Issue: Leisure Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special issue includes (1) "Introduction" (Burlew); (2) "Leisure Counseling (LC): A Call to Order" (Emerson); (3) "Integrating Leisure into Adult Career Counseling Process" (Pearson); (4) "Developmental Approach to LC Theory" (McDaniels); (5) "LC for the Elderly" (Clark); (6) "LC with AIDS Clients" (Burlew); and (7) "The Leisure Sphere: Context…

Burlew, Larry D., Ed.; And Others

1992-01-01

188

NASA's Getaway Special.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Getaway Special" is NASA's semiofficial program for low-budget researchers, who can arrange bookings for their own space experiments on regular flights of the space shuttle. Information about arranging for NASA to take individual experiment packages is presented. (LBH)

Randal, Judith

1978-01-01

189

Mentoring Special Youth Populations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whereas mentoring programs are well received as support services, very little empirical research has been conducted to assess the effectiveness of these programs to meet the diverse needs of different special populations of youth. Potentially useful theoretical orientations (attachment, parental acceptance-rejection, social support, adult…

Britner, Preston A.; Balcazar, Fabricio E.; Blechman, Elaine A.; Blinn-Pike, Lynn; Larose, Simon

2006-01-01

190

The Snare of Specialization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American science appears to be very successful, but the trend toward specialization and lack of interdisciplinary communication could undermine its ability to address the needs of society. Consequences of this trend (including educational implications) are discussed. Examples concerning health and economic policies are provided. (JN)

Hollingsworth, Rogers

1984-01-01

191

Factors Influencing Success in a Special Education Consultant Training Program in Turkey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Special Education Consultant Training Program (SEC-TP) was offered to 14 special and 8 regular education teachers by the Department of Special Education, Anadolu University, Turkey. Half of the participants were working in a counseling and research center and half were working in various elementary schools in Eskisehir, Turkey. The effects of…

Kircaali-Iftar, Gonul; Ozer, Zafer

192

Educators' Guide to Exemplary Special Education Curricula: Results of a National Field Based Survey (1985).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The newsletter reports results from the National Special Education Curricula Survey completed by state department officials, college and university staff, and personnel from schools, community agencies, and special projects across the country. Respondents identified 230 exemplary special education curricula. Those curricula are listed…

Ash, Paul, Ed.

1984-01-01

193

Universal Truths.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is a symposium of Nobel laureates held in the summer of 1990 to discuss cosmology. Different views on the structure and evolution of the universe are presented. Evidence for different theories of cosmology is discussed. (CW)

Horgan, John

1990-01-01

194

Washington University  

Cancer.gov

The Washington University Small Animal Imaging Resource (WUSAIR), one of the five original Small Animal Imaging Resource Program (SAIRP) centers funded in 1999, provides state-of-the-art facilities and infrastructure for MRI, PET, CT and optical imaging of mice, rats and other small laboratory animals. Located in the heart of the Washington University Medical Center, WUSAIR combines instrumental and intellectual capabilities found at few other institutions.

195

Stanford University  

Cancer.gov

Stanford University has a rapidly expanding program for the molecular imaging of living subjects. Through significant investments by the University in new space, infrastructure, and new faculty recruitments the Molecular Imaging Program at Stanford (MIPS) was established. Dr. Sam Gambhir, Professor of Radiology and Bioengineering was recruited and appointed by the Dean of the Medical School as Director of the MIPS. He works closely with Dr. Christopher Contag, Associate Professor of Pediatrics and of Microbiology and Immunology, Co-Director of the MIPS.

196

Plasma universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This single-page reading underlines how abundant plasmas are in the universe. The reading, which is the final page in a tutorial about the plasma phase of matter, points out that understanding plasma is central to understanding what happens in the universe. Through space technologies, researchers have been able to study plasmas in areas like those shown in the images that illustrate this reading. One of the images shows plasma loops on the Sun. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Institute, Space S.

2005-01-01

197

Hearings Before the Special Subcommittee on Education of the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives, Ninety-third Congress, First Session on H.R. 1144, H.R. 2994, H.R. 7261, H.R. 9065, H.R. 9960, H.R. 10027, H.R. 11658, and S. 1418. Bills to Provide Grants to Eisenhower College, Deganawidah-Quetzalcoatl University, the Sam Rayburn Library, the Winston Churchill Memorial Library, and the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents hearings before the special subcommittee on Education of the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives, 93rd Congress concerning the provision of grants to Eisenhower College, Deganawidah-Quetzalcoatl University, the Sam Rayburn Library, the Winston Churchill Library, and the Hoover Institute on War,…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

198

Specialized progenitors and regeneration  

PubMed Central

Planarians are flatworms capable of regenerating all body parts. Planarian regeneration requires neoblasts, a population of dividing cells that has been studied for over a century. Neoblast progeny generate new cells of blastemas, which are the regenerative outgrowths at wounds. If the neoblasts comprise a uniform population of cells during regeneration (e.g. they are all uncommitted and pluripotent), then specialization of new cell types should occur in multipotent, non-dividing neoblast progeny cells. By contrast, recent data indicate that some neoblasts express lineage-specific transcription factors during regeneration and in uninjured animals. These observations raise the possibility that an important early step in planarian regeneration is the specialization of neoblasts to produce specified rather than naïve blastema cells.

Reddien, Peter W.

2013-01-01

199

Demystifying Special Education in Virtual Charter Schools. Special Report. Primers on Special Education in Charter Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special report is a supplement to a series of special education primers created to inform state officials, authorizers and charter school operators about special education in the charter sector. The primer series also provides tools to help these stakeholders build charter school capacity to provide special education and related services. In…

Rhim, Lauren Morando; Kowal, Julie

2008-01-01

200

Bringing university invention to the market  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite of the fact that primary purpose of universities is to disseminate knowledge, university research happens to be extremely important for industry development. More than 70 % of most important patents are originated from university studies. This paper addresses specifics of university intellectual property (IP) and provides strategies for successful implementation of university inventions. Practical aspects of inventing such as the patent ownership and monetary rewards for the inventors, working at the university, are discussed. We paid special attention to certain distinctions in IP laws in various countries, which is important to know due to the growth of international collaboration between universities, multi-national character of companies and their cooperation with the universities. We show IP managements in industry - academia research on a fair basis within two different models: cooperation research paid by third party such as government and contract research paid by industry.

Reingand, Nadya; Osten, Wolfgang

2010-09-01

201

Evolutionary Design of Specialization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this research, a neuro-evolution method called collective neuro-evolution (CONE), is introduced for the design of neural controllers (agents) operating in collective behavior task domains. The efficacy of the CONE method for facilitating emergent behavioral specialization for the benefit of increasing task performance is tested in a pursuit-evasion and collective gathering task. For a comparative study, a conventional neuro-evolution method

A. E. Eiben; G. S. Nitschke; M. C. Schut

2007-01-01

202

Special Magnetic Measurement Techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various magnetic measurement techniques, not generally applicable to all magnetic systems, are reviewed. Specific examples of direct measurement techniques considered include difference or differential magnetization measurements with static or pulsed fields and ac (periodic) variations of magnetization M or temperature T (?M??T, ?T??H, ?M??H). Special emphasis is given to ac techniques, because commercial ac electronic processing equipment now permits a

Simon Foner

1967-01-01

203

A Special Relativity Simulator  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web site contains a free computer program that demonstrates the appearance of everyday objects traveling at close to the speed of light. A variety of objects can be selected and viewed from different angles, including an ant, a small lattice, a face, the Eiffel Tower, a killer whale, Stonehenge, and more. Also included is a 7-part tutorial and a Power Point presentation on special relativity.

Auton, Adam

2009-06-09

204

A Touch of the Universe: Give the Universe to a Blind Kid  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In developing countries there are very few and sparse astronomical resources for people with visual impairments. Often the teachers with special need students lack teaching materials specially adapted to their needs. To address these needs, a collaborative project, "A Touch of the Universe" was implemented with an aim to create a resources kit with tactile astronomy materials.

Heenatigala, T.; Ortiz-Gil, A.; Canas, L.

2013-09-01

205

Special issue on filamentation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics is delighted to announce a forthcoming special issue on filamentation, to appear in the spring of 2015, and invites you to submit a paper. This special issue will attempt to give an overview of the present status of this field in order to create synergies and foster future developments. The issue is open to papers on the following issues: Theoretical advances on filamentation. Self-focusing and collapse. Filamentation in various media. Pulse self-compression and ultrafast processes in filaments. Molecular alignment and rotation. Filamentation tailoring. Interaction between filaments. Filament weather and pollution control. Filament induced condensation and precipitation. Terahertz science with filaments. Lasing in filaments. Filament induced molecular excitation and reaction. Electric discharge and plasma. Cross-disciplinary applications. Novel concepts related to these topics are particularly welcome. Please submit your article by 1 October 2014 (expected web publication: spring 2015) using our website http://mc04.manuscriptcentral.com/jphysb-iop. Submissions received after this date will be considered for the journal, but may not be included in the special issue. The issue will be edited by Ruxin Li, Howard Milchberg and André Mysyrowicz.

Li, Ruxin; Milchberg, Howard; Mysyrowicz, André

2014-05-01

206

Project Lodestar Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Association of American Colleges' (AAC) Project Lodestar is addressed in an article and descriptions of the pilot phase of the project at 13 institutions. In "Project Lodestar: Realistically Assessing the Future," Peggy Brown provides an overview of the project, which is designed to help colleges and universities in assessment of institutional…

Brown, Peggy, Ed.

1981-01-01

207

Virtualizing Specialized Software  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student computing is now mobile. For college students across the nation, convenient access to information--anytime, anywhere, on demand--has become not only a priority, but a necessity. To successfully serve the needs of this current generation of students, colleges and universities must recognize the trend and align services accordingly.…

McSwain-Starrett, Lauren T.; Conley, Stephanie Scheer

2011-01-01

208

JGR special issue honors H.W. Menard  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The editor and associate editors of the Journal of Geophysical Research—Solid Earth and Planets invite the submission of manuscripts for a special memorial issue to honor H. W. Menard. The topic of the issue will be “Geodynamics and Tectonophysics.” Special color rates will apply, provided that there are a sufficient number of color pages.Manuscripts should be submitted to Gerald Schubert Department of Earth and Space Sciences University of California at Los Angeles Los Angeles, CA 90024

209

University Wire  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

University Wire is a daily Internet news service for college newspapers. Included are a story of the day, a large list of pointers to Internet resources in topics such as current headlines, politics, medicine and health, and women's resources; a "Kopyedit Korner," with pointers to writing reference materials; a placement center with job openings lists for college journalists; a large selection of pointers to college newspapers; and pointers to general circulation newspapers. Pointers to student and professional journalism organizations, as well as a calendar of journalism related events, are also provided. University Wire is a service of The Main Quad.

1997-01-01

210

Universe Today  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published by Fraser Cain, this modest current awareness service gathers space exploration news stories from around the Internet. The stories, usually four per day, are briefly summarized, and for each, Cain offers links to full-text articles from one or more sources. Users can read Universe Today at the site, which also contains an archive, internal search engine, and related links, or they can subscribe to receive the newsletter by email. Although not as comprehensive as some astronomy news sites, Universe Today does cover some of the top stories and will appeal to the busy general user with an interest in space exploration.

211

Molecular Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fantastic resource for college-level students of chemistry provides abundant images and explanatory text on molecules and molecular systems. The site's main provider is Richard Catlow, Director of the Davy Faraday Research Laboratory at the Royal Institution of Great Britain. Molecular Universe presents a collection of lessons, arranged into categories such as Building in Three Dimensions, Boundaries and Barriers, and The Molecules of Life. The sleek color illustrations demonstrate everything from diamond structure to a DNA molecule. Highlights of the site include a detailed look at protein folding, how molecules taste, and molecules and computers. Both students and professors should journey to the Molecular Universe.

Catlow, C. R. A. (Charles Richard Arthur), 1947-

2000-01-01

212

National Special Security Events: Transportation Planning for Planned Special Events.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Unique among planned special event activities are those events that carry the National Special Security Event (NSSE) designation. NSSEs occur with some frequency, with 35 of these events held between September 1998 and February 2010. These events include,...

A. V. Easton C. Balswin J. Sangillo N. Houston

2011-01-01

213

Widener University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Founded in 1821, Widener University is a two-state (Pennsylvania and Delaware), four-campus, eight-college private institution serving approximately 6,700 students. Following arrival of the new senior vice president and provost in 2004 and subsequent reorganization of vice presidential responsibilities, Student Affairs is now led by a dean of…

Valesey, Brigitte; Allen, Jo

2009-01-01

214

Washington University  

Cancer.gov

Washington University Medical School's concept of an In vivo Cellular and Molecular Imaging Center (ICMIC) envisions a process that will permit the Center to become the focal point for the development of novel in vivo molecular imaging initiatives on campus. This involves further expanding and reinforcing collaborations and enhancing the productivity of multidisciplinary programs in basic cancer cell biology and molecular imaging research.

215

POV: Special Flight  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The POV series on PBS has been bringing a range of compelling documentaries to curious viewers for years. This recent installment from their talented crew presents the story of undocumented immigrants at a detention center in Geneva, Switzerland. Visitors can watch the entire program here and the website features interviews with the filmmakers, extra conversations with others involved in the production, and a teachers' guide. Interested parties will learn about the situation at Frambois prison and they can also watch a special interview with the film's director, Fernand Melgar. This moving film would be a wonderful addition to a class in human rights, international relations, and any number of related disciplines.

2013-07-01

216

Special Collections: Terrorism  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The General Accounting Office (GAO) has posted these two pages of "special collections" of use to those following the news about terrorism and airport security measures. The page collecting releases on terrorism holds links to reports going back to a 1980 release, "Assessment of Various Aspects of This Nation's Nuclear Safeguards," and one from 1981, "Federal Electrical Emergency Preparedness Is Inadequate," though reports are not available in .pdf format until those dated from 1987. Both pages collect a wealth of reports, making them easily accessible for researchers and interested members of the general public.

2001-01-01

217

Symmetry as Bias: Rediscovering Special Relativity  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes a rational reconstruction of Einstein's discovery of special relativity, validated through an implementation: the Erlanger program. Einstein's discovery of special relativity revolutionized both the content of physics and the research strategy used by theoretical physicists. This research strategy entails a mutual bootstrapping process between a hypothesis space for biases, defined through different postulated symmetries of the universe, and a hypothesis space for physical theories. The invariance principle mutually constrains these two spaces. The invariance principle enables detecting when an evolving physical theory becomes inconsistent with its bias, and also when the biases for theories describing different phenomena are inconsistent. Structural properties of the invariance principle facilitate generating a new bias when an inconsistency is detected. After a new bias is generated. this principle facilitates reformulating the old, inconsistent theory by treating the latter as a limiting approximation. The structural properties of the invariance principle can be suitably generalized to other types of biases to enable primal-dual learning.

Lowry, Michael R.

1992-01-01

218

The Bukkyo University and University of Hawai'i College of Education Partnership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past ten years, the College of Education at the University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UHM-COE) and Bukkyo University in Kyoto, Japan have enjoyed a special relationship designed to promote cooperation and academic exchanges between the two institutions. The agreement of cooperation was signed on June 5, 2000 by President Shinko Nakai of Bukkyo…

McEwan, Hunter; Goto, Sunao; Horike, Yukiyo

2010-01-01

219

A Review of Research on Universal Design Educational Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universal design for learning (UDL) has gained considerable attention in the field of special education, acclaimed for its promise to promote inclusion by supporting access to the general curriculum. In addition to UDL, there are two other universal design (UD) educational models referenced in the literature, universal design of instruction (UDI)…

Rao, Kavita; Ok, Min Wook; Bryant, Brian R.

2014-01-01

220

Complex Adaptive Special Operations (CASO).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Success in future war requires Special Operations Forces (SOF) to operate as a complex adaptive system. This paper offers a future operating concept called Complex Adaptive Special Operations (CASO), which incorporates the intrinsically unorthodox nature ...

P. R. Burns

2007-01-01

221

A Yardstick for Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lists and discusses 12 components of special education programs that principals and special education teachers can incorporate in new programs, can review in existing programs, and can use as a basis for developing goals for teacher evaluations. (PGD)

Hilton, Alan; And Others

1984-01-01

222

Some Speculations about Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the possible impact of microelectronics/microtechnology in the special education setting, including availability of hardware and Microelectronics Education Programme involvement in determining the best use of microcomputers with special education students. (Author/JN)

Hope, Mary

1982-01-01

223

Individual Differences in Hemispheric Specialization.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It has long been recognized that the left cerebral hemisphere is specialized for language and possibly other symbolic process, and that the right hemisphere has a visuospatial specialization. Aphasia affecting the cerebral hemisphere on the same side as t...

A. Glass

1987-01-01

224

MIT History: Institute Archives & Special Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Incorporated in 1861, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is one of the finest universities in the world, and they have done an excellent job in preserving their own institutional history through the work of their Archives & Special Collections group. This site contains a number of digitized primary documents that tell the story of MIT through the papers of its presidents, biographies of prominent educators, and the "Object of the Month" feature. A good place to start is the "MIT Timeline" section, which provides a list of key events in the school's history, accompanied by images culled from their collection.

225

Special Education and Student Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the current status and plans for special education, student services, and special projects and studies in Oregon. The first section offers an overview of special education long-range planning in secondary and transition programs, the student population with severe emotional disturbance, low incidence populations, families, the…

Brazeau, Karen; And Others

226

Legal Issues in Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to provide educators with comprehensive information about special education law, especially the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Chapter 1 briefly reviews the history of special education. In Chapter 2 the specific rights of students to special education and related services are detailed. Chapter 3 outlines…

Osborne, Allan G., Jr.

227

Special education: Myths and reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

After decades of research and improvements in educational practices, special education (SpEd) provides reliable instruction and services to exceptional children with varying degrees and disabilities. Mental retardation, Learning Disabilities, Emotional Disturbances, Communication Disorders, Hearing and Visual Impairment, Physically impaired and Giften Children are included in these special groups. Numerous definitions of “special education” and “exceptional children” have been suggested so

George S. Mouzakitis

2010-01-01

228

Ohio Special Education Profile, 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides a brief, but substantive, profile of the special needs student population in Ohio, including academic performance and graduation trends and an overview of special education funding and related policy issues. The report's central message is that investments in students with special educational needs produce substantial results…

Ohio Coalition for the Education of Children with Disabilities, 2011

2011-01-01

229

Desperately Seeking Special Ed Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It's no secret that the dearth of special education teachers has created huge headaches for district human resources departments, especially in suburban and rural areas. In addition to insufficient numbers of candidates applying for special education jobs, retention of special education teachers is an ever-greater problem, as research indicates…

Butler, Kevin

2008-01-01

230

Special Angle Pairs Discovery Activity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson uses a discovery approach to identify the special angles formed when a set of parallel lines is cut by a transversal. During this lesson students identify the angle pair and the relationship between the angles. Students use this relationship and special angle pairs to make conjectures about which angle pairs are considered special angles.

Henry, Barbara

2012-04-16

231

Target Setting in Special Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the Dimensions Model, an approach to target setting in British schools for special-needs students, which reflects both national requirements and the particular nature of special education. Details application of the model in a special school for primary-age pupils with emotional and behavioral difficulties. (DB)

Muncey, Jim; McGinty, John

1998-01-01

232

Comparative Studies in Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This text presents 26 case studies which examine special education provisions for children in the world today. The reports focus on the current state of special education in selected nations and major issues and controversies in the field of special education within those nations. Each case study addresses the following themes: (1) prevalence of…

Mazurek, Kas, Ed.; Winzer, Margret A., Ed.

233

University of Michigan Documents Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

University of Michigan Documents Center Coordinator Grace York provides this site, one of the best and most comprehensive gateways to US and international government information. The site is arranged both geographically (international, foreign, federal, state, and Michigan), and thematically (statistics, politics, and documents in the news). Sites are also available alphabetically and the entire site is searchable. Specialized materials such as congressional and gubernatorial directories and email addresses are also provided. This is an indispensible bookmark for anyone interested in government information.

1998-01-01

234

Stanford University  

Cancer.gov

Stanford University has recruited a multidisciplinary team of scientist to address promising quantitative imaging methods to improve the ability of cancer researchers to evaluate tumor burden and treatment response through the support of the Quantitative Imaging Network. To date, progress is thwarted by the lack of software infrastructure to record quantitative imaging information efficiently and reproducibly in the routine clinical workflow, and by the inability to store and share image metadata in standard formats.

235

Vanderbilt University  

Cancer.gov

Vanderbilt University has developed an interdisciplinary group of scientists, supported by the Quantitative Imaging Network to develop integrated high field (3T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) methods for assessing the effects of molecularly targeted anti-angiogenesis and cytoxic treatments in breast cancer clinical trials. The goal is to provide the breast cancer community with practical data acquisition and analysis protocols that facilitate the translation of advanced imaging technologies into patient management and clinical trials.

236

Vanderbilt University  

Cancer.gov

This application seeks support for a new Small Animal Imaging Resource (SAIR) at Vanderbilt University, dedicated to providing scientific and technical resources and support for non-invasive imaging of small animal models of cancer in vivo. The equipment and personnel needed to support cancer imaging in small animals will be provided by a new center which provides access to a comprehensive array of imaging resources.

237

Open University  

ScienceCinema

Michel Pentz est née en Afrique du Sud et venu au Cern en 1957 comme physicien et président de l'associaion du personnel. Il est également fondateur du mouvement Antiapartheid de Genève et a participé à la fondation de l'Open University en Grande-Bretagne. Il nous parle des contextes pédagogiques, culturels et nationaux dans lesquels la méthode peut s'appliquer.

None

2011-04-25

238

Our Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will learn about the different planets and the sun. They will learn that the sun is a star that lights and heats the earth. Check out these web sites and then answer the following questions. Blast off to this website. Play a game or two! When you are done, write down which game or games you played and three things you learned about our universe. Kidsastronomy Now, check out the awesome facts about this familiar star. Then ...

D., Mrs.

2006-10-11

239

Universal Time  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson plan for an activity that explores time zone math. Learners will translate their local time to times in other zones around the world and work with the concept of Universal Time, specifically in reference to the reporting, description and analysis of solar flares and coronal mass ejections. This is activity 10 from Exploring Magnetism Guide 3: Magnetic Mysteries of the Aurora educator guide.

240

Chemistry and Special Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Secondary and post-secondary science teachers are beginning to see increasing numbers of students with mild disabilities enrolled in their classes. These students can be classified as having one of a variety of mild disabilities that might impact the way they receive and process educational information. As a result of the passage in 1975 of PL 94-142, the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA), disabled students now have the opportunity to receive special education in the public schools and to be placed in regular classrooms whenever possible. Very little information for science teachers is provided in teacher preparation courses or is available in the literature to offer concrete suggestions for teaching science to these students. This paper describes the political gains made in education for the disabled, identifies various types of mild disabilities, and suggests possible teaching interventions for the chemistry teacher who has a student with a mild disability.

Riendl, Pamela A.; Haworth, Daniel T.

1995-11-01

241

Preparation of Special Educators in Essential Early Education. Preparation of Personnel To Provide Special Education and Related Services to Newborn and Infant Children with Handicaps.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Preparation of Special Educators in Essential Early Education program was a 36-credit hour preservice program of the University of Vermont to train Early Childhood Special Educators at the Master's Degree or Certificate of Advanced Study levels. The program prepared students to demonstrate the necessary competencies for providing quality…

Fox, Wayne; Capone, Angela

242

Is the Achievement Gap in Indiana Narrowing? Special Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this Special Report, the Center for Evaluation and Education Policy at Indiana University examines the factors that contribute to student achievement gaps, defines the scope of the achievement gaps that exist in Indiana, evaluates whether these gaps are narrowing or will persist as Neal suggests, and offers strategies that have been identified…

Spradlin, Terry E.; Kirk, Ryan; Walcott, Crystal; Kloosterman, Peter; Zaman, Khadija; McNabb, Sarah; Zapf, Jason

2005-01-01

243

Teaching English for Special Purposes in Iran: Problems and Suggestions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The academic requirement for students majoring in fields other than English to pass English for Special or Specific Purposes (ESP) courses at university level has led to a rapid growth of such classes in Iran. However, despite this growth, not much literature on the practical aspects of these classes is available. The aim of the present article is…

Hayati, A. Majid

2008-01-01

244

Guidelines for the Redesign of Special Education Programs. Revised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All universities are required by the Board of Regents (BoR) and Board of Elementary and Secondary Education (BESE) to redesign their Special Education Programs to address new state certification requirements, state/national content standards, state/national teacher standards, PRAXIS expectations, and NCATE requirements. Once programs have been…

Louisiana Board of Regents, 2005

2005-01-01

245

Special Education for the Learning Disabled in Chile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper focuses on the growth and development of special education for learning disabled children in Chile with particular emphasis on the contribution of child psychiatry and pediatric neurology departments of hospitals and the contribution of universities in training specialists. Initial sections provide a background on primary education in…

Bravo-Valdivieso, Luis

246

Cosmological considerations and the special theory of relativity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

From the special theory of relativity it follows that the Universe is expanding during the expansive evolutionary phase with the limit velocity of the signal propagation c. The discovery of this fact throws a new light on a number of cosmological questions.

Skalsky, Vladimir

1989-08-01

247

Collaboration and Co-Teaching: General and Special Education Faculty.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how the special education faculty and the general education faculty at Northwestern State University of Louisiana carried out a co-planning and co-teaching effort in four classes of the undergraduate elementary education methods block. Discusses key questions they considered, presents the model they developed for this process, and notes…

Duchardt, Barbara; Marlow, Leslie; Inman, Duane; Christensen, Paula; Reeves, Mary

1999-01-01

248

Invisible and Special: Young Women's Experiences as Undergraduate Mathematics Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on young women students participation in their undergraduate mathematics degree programme: their gendered trajectory is characterized in terms of their being both "invisible" in the dominant university mathematics community and yet "special" in their self -conception. It draws on data collected from a three-year longitudinal…

Rodd, Melissa; Bartholomew, Hannah

2006-01-01

249

Nephrology in Latin America, with special emphasis on Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nephrology in Latin America, with special emphasis on Brazil. Latin America constitutes a complex universe that shows extreme variation regarding socioeconomic and human development. Brazil is the largest and most populous Latin American country, and combines characteristics encountered in developed countries with problems typically associated with the poorest regions of the world. These disparities condition the profile of renal disease

Roberto Zatz; J. E. Romao; I. L. Noronha

2003-01-01

250

SPECIAL PROJECT FOR RESEARCH TRAINING IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION. FINAL REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SPECIAL RESEARCH TRAINING WAS PROVIDED FOR 85 INDIVIDUALS IN FOUR, 2-DAY TRAINING PROGRAMS HELD AS PRESESSIONS TO THE 1967 AMERICAN VOCATIONAL ASSOCIATION CONVENTION. TWO-THIRDS OF THE PARTICIPANTS WERE VOCATIONAL-TECHNICAL AND RESEARCH PERSONNEL FROM COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, AND THE REMAINDER WERE FROM RESEARCH COORDINATING UNITS, STATE…

VIVIAN, NEAL E.

251

Special Education in Trinidad and Tobago: Educational Vision and Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article shares interpretations of an important piece of professional development in teacher education in Trinidad and Tobago, an initiative that came about because of the unique relationship between the Association of Special Education of Trinidad and Tobago (TASETT), the Teachers Union of Trinidad and Tobago (TUTTA), and the University of…

Pedro, Joan; Conrad, Dennis

2006-01-01

252

Live Broadcasting Online: Interactive Training for Rural Special Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1990 West Virginia University has offered a distance education program leading to teaching certification and a master's degree in either severe/multiple disabilities or early intervention/early childhood special education. The courses were offered via satellite transmission, but in response to demand for these courses in areas without…

Ludlow, Barbara L.; Duff, Michael C.

253

After Inspection in Special Schools: Action Planning and Making Progress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study that examined action plans of 60 British special schools which had failed their inspections found school target-setting was almost universally not matching the expected criteria, monitoring and evaluation were frequently confused, and there was a wide variation in the support which schools gained from local authority advisers. (Author/CR)

Davies, John Dwyfor; Lee, John; Postlethwaite, Keith; Tarr, Jane; Yee, Wan Ching; Thomas, Gary

1999-01-01

254

Strategies for Democratizing the Special Education Leadership Workforce  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors evaluated the procedures designed to recruit qualified applicants from traditionally under-represented populations into a special education doctoral program. A review of the literature revealed that candidates from culturally and linguistically diverse populations were more likely to enroll in doctoral work when universities used…

Nevin, Ann; Barbetta, Patricia; Cramer, Elizabeth

2006-01-01

255

Preparing Special Education Teacher Candidates: Extending Case Method to Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case methodology is receiving more recognition in the field of education as a viable pedagogy for use in the preparation of future educators. In this article, the coauthors explore two examples of case method instruction that extend beyond university classrooms to field sites: case report and case study. Both examples were used in special

Lengyel, Linda; Vernon-Dotson, Lisa

2010-01-01

256

Status of the Velocity of Light in Special Relativity.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The special theory of relativity is shown to be independent of the assumption that the velocity of light, c, is a universal constant. No more than an intuitively obvious monotonicity postulate of velocity addition is needed to prove the existence of a uni...

E. Breitenberger

1984-01-01

257

RAD University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Operated by RAD Data Communications, this site has glossaries and a myriad of tutorials related to computer networks. Students "at Tel Aviv University and the Technion, Israel Institute of Technology" created the tutorials, which are grouped into several categories. These include introductory information, security and application protocols, infrastructure, and network layers. The tutorials are quite well made; most are very comprehensive with diagrams and illustrations. There are even some games and quizzes to reinforce what is presented in the tutorials. The three glossaries give simple, straightforward definitions and descriptions of various terms and technologies.

2002-01-01

258

Afterschool Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This astronomy program is designed for middle school children in out-of-school-time settings. The program explores basic astronomy concepts (like invisible light, telescopes) and focuses on the universe outside the solar system (stars, galaxies, black holes). The program is structured for use in a variety of settings, including astronomy days, summer camps, or year-long afterschool programs. Although session activities build concepts sequentially, each session activity is designed to be freestanding as not all participants may attend every session. A manual provides background information and descriptions of how to conduct each activity. A companion website provides additional information and resources for the program leader.

259

ASL University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

American Sign Language (ASL) University is an online curriculum resource for American Sign Language students, instructors, interpreters, and parents of deaf children. The website provides a wealth of learning tools for both teaching and learning ASL. Teachers are encouraged to use the lessons provided to teach in their own classes. In addition to the available courses, a very comprehensive American Sign Language dictionary is available to help those just learning ASL or those looking to learn how to add to their vocabulary. Furthermore, the site has a newsletter that is distributed through a mailing list.

Vicars, William G.

2007-01-25

260

Wheelchair University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of lecture notes is intended to provide readers with a "practical learning experience on some aspect of wheelchair technology." Several topics on wheeled mobility are covered, including powered wheelchair anatomy and the development of standards. Seating biomechanics, wheelchair cushions, and other details helpful for wheelchair evaluation are given in a series of lecture slides. The last section deals with transportation safety and practices to reduce or prevent crash injuries. Resources on wheelchair research and development are given on the Wheelchair University homepage.

261

Science Sampler: Special lessons from special needs students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Something amazing happens when you change your teaching methods to accommodate learners at all ability levels: It can improve your overall success as a teacher. In this article, the author shares five lessons that she has learned from students with special needs in her classroom. If you're willing to learn from the special students in your room, it will help you to become the special teacher that all of your students will remember.

Costello, Kathy

2006-12-01

262

Sports Specialization in Young Athletes  

PubMed Central

Context: Sports specialization is intense training in 1 sport while excluding others. Sports specialization in early to middle childhood has become increasingly common. While most experts agree that some degree of sports specialization is necessary to achieve elite levels, there is some debate as to whether such intense practice time must begin during early childhood and to the exclusion of other sports to maximize potential for success. There is a concern that sports specialization before adolescence may be deleterious to a young athlete. Evidence Acquisition: PubMed and OVID were searched for English-language articles from 1990 to 2011 discussing sports specialization, expert athletes, or elite versus novice athletes, including original research articles, consensus opinions, and position statements. Results: For most sports, there is no evidence that intense training and specialization before puberty are necessary to achieve elite status. Risks of early sports specialization include higher rates of injury, increased psychological stress, and quitting sports at a young age. Sports specialization occurs along a continuum. Survey tools are being developed to identify where athletes fall along the spectrum of specialization. Conclusion: Some degree of sports specialization is necessary to develop elite-level skill development. However, for most sports, such intense training in a single sport to the exclusion of others should be delayed until late adolescence to optimize success while minimizing injury, psychological stress, and burnout.

Jayanthi, Neeru; Pinkham, Courtney; Dugas, Lara; Patrick, Brittany; LaBella, Cynthia

2013-01-01

263

Universal Peptidomimetics  

PubMed Central

This paper concerns peptidomimetic scaffolds that can present side-chains in conformations resembling those of amino acids in secondary structures without incurring excessive entropic or enthalpic penalties. Compounds of this type are referred to here as minimalist mimics. The core hypothesis of this paper is that small sets of such scaffolds can be designed to analog local pairs of amino acids (including non-contiguous ones) in any secondary structure, ie they are universal peptidomimetics. To illustrate this concept we designed a set of four peptidomimetic scaffolds (1 – 4). Libraries based on these were made bearing side-chains corresponding to many of the protein-derived amino acids. Modeling experiments were performed to give an indication of kinetic and thermodynamic accessibilities of conformations that can mimic secondary structures. Together peptidomimetics based on scaffolds 1 – 4 can adopt conformations that resemble almost any combination of local amino acid side-chains in any secondary structure. Universal peptidomimetics of this kind are likely to be most useful in the design of libraries for high throughput screening against diverse targets. Consequently, data arising from submission of these molecules to the NIH Molecular Libraries Small Molecule Repository (MLSMR) is outlined.

Ko, Eunhwa; Liu, Jing; Perez, Lisa M.; Lu, Genliang; Schaefer, Amber; Burgess, Kevin

2011-01-01

264

The New Universities: Introduction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of the functions and purposes of universities, with reference to their respective importance in England and the United States. The first of 10 articles studying the following English universities in depth--(1) University of Sussex, (2) University of York, (3) University of East Anglia, (4) University of Essex, (5) University of Kent…

Brawne, Michael

1970-01-01

265

Universal Quantification in a Constraint-Based Planner  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Constraints and universal quantification are both useful in planning, but handling universally quantified constraints presents some novel challenges. We present a general approach to proving the validity of universally quantified constraints. The approach essentially consists of checking that the constraint is not violated for all members of the universe. We show that this approach can sometimes be applied even when variable domains are infinite, and we present some useful special cases where this can be done efficiently.

Golden, Keith; Frank, Jeremy; Clancy, Daniel (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

266

The Context of the Demand for Special Education Faculty: A Study of Special Education Teacher Preparation Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding the context of the demand for special education (SE) teacher education (TE) faculty is important because it can provide faculty at doctoral-granting universities with useful information for program planning. Knowing more about SE teacher preparation programs currently in place and program revisions being planned allows doctoral…

Robb, Susan Mortorff; Smith, Deborah Deutsch; Montrosse, Bianca Elizabeth

2012-01-01

267

Continuum of Special Education and General Education Field Experiences in the Preservice Special Education Program at Penn State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Description of the field experiences in the preservice special education program at Pennsylvania State University examines influences on the program; program content, activities, and evaluation; and outcomes. The program was designed to incorporate multiple field experiences in a graduated sequence, expose students to a variety of settings and…

Ruhl, Kathy L.; Hall, Tracey E.

2002-01-01

268

Special issue: Semiconductor Microcavities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This special issue of physica status solidi (b) honours the work of Marc Ilegems, Director of the Institute for Micro- and Optoelectronics at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale) in Lausanne. Many colleagues and friends have contributed articles to this issue which presents important developments in the field of microcavity-polariton physics such as parametric amplification, Bose-Einstein condensation of exciton-polaritons as well as growth and characterization of microcavity structures.Guest Editor of the present issue is Benoit Deveaud, who is head of a research group for optical studies in condensed matter, especially in the ultrafast time domain. His focus of research is the understanding of the interaction of light with semiconductors in general and with semiconductor nanostructures in particular.The cover picture of the current issue depicts a computed Rayleigh figure showing the letters M. I., the initials of Marc Ilegems. For more details on resonant Rayleigh scattering induced by artificial or natural defects see the article by Ciuti and Carusotto [1].

Deveaud, Benoit

2005-09-01

269

Quantum Universe Theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Initial Condition (that which existed prior to the universe) is compared as an infinite thermodynamic system (reservoir and system) to a two-component blackbody system, where one component, composed of unbound bosons, contained a symmetry breaking potential. Symmetry breaking resulted in the moment of inflation in a subsystem (small part) of one component, which in turn ignited an unloading wave. The ensuing Big Bang Unloading Wave created a continuously expanding cavity in that component. The cavity is the universe. Within the expanding unloading wave, the first energy cascade has continuously produced intense plasma effects, superelectric fields, and supermagnetic effects. The intense plasma produces violent pinch effects propelling superelectric-magnetic particles to the speed of light c impacting them within the other component (bound boson Fermi-Dirac particles) as original energy particles representing the apex of the spectral ladder and the beginning of the second energy cascade. Here quench factors freeze persistent superconducting current vibrations into place prior to application of the algorithmic ladder of the quantum field theory time line. Energies evolve to include the formation of std model physics (QM,QED,QCD) general theory of relativity (GRT), special theory (SRT), linear momentum, and angular momentum, etc.

Cunningham, Bruce

2009-11-01

270

University-industry partnership in research.  

PubMed

This paper reviews major university-industry partnerships with specific attention to food science and technology. Included in this discussion are the types of research support that industry provides to universities and interdisciplinary areas with special funding potential. The paper also discusses the role of government, of food industry organizations, of scientific societies, and of scientific advisory committees in developing priorities for initiating or expanding research programs. PMID:3604980

Schweigert, B S

1987-07-01

271

"It Doesn't Concern Us!" The Code of Practice and Its Relevance for Special Schools, Units and Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyzes implementation of the "Code of Practice on the Identification and Assessment of Special Educational Needs" by special schools in England and Wales. A survey of schools, including 73 special schools, concluded that the Code's potential universality is being lost through an overemphasis on implementation of procedural aspects…

Lewis, Ann; And Others

1996-01-01

272

The Tenacity of Special Schools in an Inclusive Policy Environment: The New Zealand Situation 1996-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special school provision for children and young people with special educational needs is an anomaly that exists in many inclusive education systems; this type of educational provision has proved to be resilient even though, with reference to children and young people with special educational needs, there is almost universal acceptance of the…

McMenamin, Trish

2011-01-01

273

Lectures on special Lagrangian geometry  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce special Lagrangian submanifolds in C^m and in (almost) Calabi-Yau manifolds, and survey recent results on singularities of special Lagrangian submanifolds, and their application to the SYZ Conjecture. The paper is aimed at graduate students in Geometry, String Theorists, and others wishing to learn the subject. Special Lagrangian m-folds in C^m are defined, and ways of constructing them described.

Dominic Joyce

2001-01-01

274

An Analysis of System Tradeoffs to Improve Access to Special Generators.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of the study is to identify the role of alternative transportation systems in providing access to special areas, such as airports, universities, shopping centers, hospitals, etc. A computerized model was developed and applied to an urban uni...

F. J. Wegmann J. Ojo M. Kennedy

1973-01-01

275

Library Legislation and Management with Special Regard to Science and Technology Libraries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Associations of special libraries in Hungary are being developed to provide universal availability of published works on a national and international level. While most library legislation recognizes considerations, concerns of document security, copyright...

J. Balazs P. Gyore

1979-01-01

276

75 FR 26807 - Notice of Acceptance of Application for Special Nuclear Materials License From Oregon State...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION [Docket No. 70-7019...Acceptance of Application for Special Nuclear Materials License From Oregon State University...for Contention Preparation AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION:...

2010-05-12

277

University of Pennsylvania: University Archives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many colleges and universities have carefully maintained archival collections that are consulted by historians and alumni interested in learning first-hand about their storied pasts. Not many institutions of higher learning can boast of such a nice collection of online materials, and certainly this website serves as a good example to others looking to develop such a collection. First-time visitors will want to take a look at the digital image collection, which contains 725 images depicting the campus in West Philadelphia, along with maps, slides, and sketches. Along with performing a simple search, visitors can browse a list of topical collections. Another good feature located here is a reproduction of an 1895 article from Harper's Magazine by Francis N. Thorpe that contains 18 illustrations within its 21 pages. Visitors looking for historical sketches of Penn's history and development will want to browse the section that offers numerous essays, including titles dealing with urban renewal and the university's gradual expansion over the 125 years.

278

Special Places; Special People: The Hidden Curriculum of School Grounds.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research project "Special Places; Special People" is designed to provide insight and advice in the management of schools and their grounds for the benefit of children. This document describes the project's research methodology and findings, explores some of the wider implications arising from the study, and suggests ways in which schools might…

Titman, Wendy

279

National Special Security Events: Transportation Planning for Planned Special Events  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unique among planned special event activities are those events that carry the National Special Security Event (NSSE) designation. NSSEs occur with some frequency, with 35 of these events held between September 1998 and February 2010. These events include, but are not limited to, presidential inaugurations, presidential nominating conventions, major sports events such as the Super Bowl, and major international meetings

Nancy Houston; Craig Baldwin; Andrea Vann Easton; Jeff Sangillo

2011-01-01

280

Social Security's special minimum benefit.  

PubMed

Social Security's special minimum primary insurance amount (PIA) provision was enacted in 1972 to increase the adequacy of benefits for regular long-term, low-earning covered workers and their dependents or survivors. At the time, Social Security also had a regular minimum benefit provision for persons with low lifetime average earnings and their families. Concerns were rising that the low lifetime average earnings of many regular minimum beneficiaries resulted from sporadic attachment to the covered workforce rather than from low wages. The special minimum benefit was seen as a way to reward regular, low-earning workers without providing the windfalls that would have resulted from raising the regular minimum benefit to a much higher level. The regular minimum benefit was subsequently eliminated for workers reaching age 62, becoming disabled, or dying after 1981. Under current law, the special minimum benefit will phase out over time, although it is not clear from the legislative history that this was Congress's explicit intent. The phaseout results from two factors: (1) special minimum benefits are paid only if they are higher than benefits payable under the regular PIA formula, and (2) the value of the regular PIA formula, which is indexed to wages before benefit eligibility, has increased faster than that of the special minimum PIA, which is indexed to inflation. Under the Social Security Trustees' 2000 intermediate assumptions, the special minimum benefit will cease to be payable to retired workers attaining eligibility in 2013 and later. Their benefits will always be larger under the regular benefit formula. As policymakers consider Social Security solvency initiatives--particularly proposals that would reduce benefits or introduce investment risk--interest may increase in restoring some type of special minimum benefit as a targeted protection for long-term low earners. Two of the three reform proposals offered by the President's Commission to Strengthen Social Security would modify and strengthen the current-law special minimum benefit. Interest in the special minimum benefit may also increase because of labor force participation and marital trends that suggest that enhancing workers' benefits may be a more effective means of reducing older women's poverty rates than enhancing spousal or widow's benefits. By understanding the Social Security program's experience with the special minimum benefit, policymakers will be able to better anticipate the effectiveness of other initiatives to enhance benefits for long-term low earners. This article presents the most recent and comprehensive information available about the special minimum benefit in order to help policymakers make informed decisions about the provision's future. Highlights of the current special minimum benefit include the following: Very few persons receive the special minimum benefit. As of December 2001, about 134,000 workers and their dependents and survivors were entitled to a benefit based on the special minimum. Of those, only about 79,000 received a higher total benefit because of the special minimum; the other 55,000 were dually entitled. (In effect, when persons are eligible for more than one type of benefit--that is, they are dually eligible--the highest benefit payable determines total benefits. If the special minimum benefit is not the highest benefit payable, it does not increase total benefits paid.) As of February 2000, retired workers who were special minimum beneficiaries with unreduced benefits and were not dually entitled were receiving, on average, a monthly benefit of $510 per month. That amount is approximately $2,000 less than the annual poverty threshold for an aged individual. Special minimum benefits provide small increases in total benefits. For special minimum beneficiaries who were not dually entitled as of December 2001, the average special minimum monthly PIA was just $39 higher than the regular PIA. Most special minimum beneficiaries are female retired workers. About 90 percent of special minimum beneficiaries are retired work

Olsen, K A; Hoffmeyer, D

281

Wardenly Role; The Academic Presence in University Residence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the whole range of student personnel and counseling services in one British university with special attention to the residential element. Compares results, particularly attitudes of wardens (residence counselors) toward their role, to those of earlier studies. (JT)

Pashley, Barry; Shepherd, Angela

1975-01-01

282

Universal Multizone Crystallizator (UMC) Furnace: An International Cooperative Agreement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Universal Multizone Crystallizator (UMC) is a special apparatus for crystal growth under terrestrial and microgravity conditions. The use of twenty-five zones allows the UMC to be used for several normal freezing growth techniques. The thermal profile...

D. A. Watring C. H. Su D. Gillies T. Roosz N. Babcsan

1996-01-01

283

Reviews Book: Marie Curie: A Biography Book: Fast Car Physics Book: Beautiful Invisible Equipment: Fun Fly Stick Science Kit Book: Quantum Theory Cannot Hurt You Book: Chaos: The Science of Predictable Random Motion Book: Seven Wonders of the Universe Book: Special Relativity Equipment: LabVIEWTM 2009 Education Edition Places to Visit: Edison and Ford Winter Estates Places to Visit: The Computer History Museum Web Watch  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

WE RECOMMEND Fun Fly Stick Science Kit Fun fly stick introduces electrostatics to youngsters Special Relativity Text makes a useful addition to the study of relativity as an undergraduate LabVIEWTM 2009 Education Edition LabVIEW sets industry standard for gathering and analysing data, signal processing, instrumentation design and control, and automation and robotics Edison and Ford Winter Estates Thomas Edison's home is open to the public The Computer History Museum Take a walk through technology history at this computer museum WORTH A LOOK Fast Car Physics Book races through physics Beautiful Invisible The main subject of this book is theoretical physics Quantum Theory Cannot Hurt You A guide to physics on the large and small scale Chaos: The Science of Predictable Random Motion Book explores the mathematics behind chaotic behaviour Seven Wonders of the Universe A textual trip through the wonderful universe HANDLE WITH CARE Marie Curie: A Biography Book fails to capture Curie's science WEB WATCH Web clips to liven up science lessons

2011-07-01

284

Wessex Studies in Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document presents 10 papers addressing special education programs in Wessex, England, and reviews of 11 books dealing with special education for disabled children. Papers have the following titles and authors: "The Development of New Services for Mentally Handicapped People in Horticulture and Agriculture" by D. Carter and A. Carter;…

Jackson, Robin, Ed.

285

Special education, inclusion and democracy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Initially, it is pointed out that adherents of a psycho?medical perspective often suggest exclusive solutions to special educational dilemmas and that such theorizing has been heavily attacked in past decades. However, it is argued that opposition of the psycho?medical understanding of special education runs the risk of blurring differences between researchers and practitioners who are more positive about inclusion. One

Claes Nilholm

2006-01-01

286

Authoring Software in Special Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The limited quantity and quality of existing software (courseware) restricts the use of computers in today's special educational environments. Special educators are often reluctant to become involved with the development of new courseware because of the high costs associated with courseware development. Therefore in this paper we are focussing on procedures for the development of Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI) lessons. Three

Panayiota G. Smirni; Pearl Brereton

1994-01-01

287

Stennis hosts 2010 Special Olympics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Sarah Johnson, 28, of Gulfport, carries in the Olympic torch to signal the start of the 2010 Area III Special Olympic games at NASA's John C. Stennis Space Center on March 27. Stennis volunteers hosted special needs athletes from across the area for the event. Stennis is an annual host of the games.

2010-01-01

288

New Directions for Special Ed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special education used to be a place--sometimes a separate school, more often a classroom down the hall where students labeled as such disappeared for hours at a time, out of sight and out of mind for the typical classroom teacher. That's still sometimes the case, but increasingly, special education is front and center in the regular education…

Finkel, Ed

2011-01-01

289

Postgraduation for Special Needs Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special education occupies a large part of the mission--and budget--of many school districts. With learning disabilities such as ADHD and dyslexia each estimated to affect more than 10 percent of the school-age population, special education teachers have their hands full helping those students navigate increasingly rigorous, state-mandated…

Schachter, Ron

2012-01-01

290

REVIEW OF SPECIAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SPECIAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS FOR EACH TYPE OF HANDICAPPED CHILD ARE DESCRIBED IN TERMS OF ORGANIZATION, ADMISSION CRITERIA, CLASS SIZE, EQUIPMENT, TEACHER QUALIFICATIONS, AND STATE PARTICIPATION. ADDITIONAL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL, THEIR QUALIFICATIONS, AND THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES ARE LISTED. ALSO INCLUDED ARE SECTIONS OF THE NORTH DAKOTA CENTURY…

PETERSON, M.F.

291

FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, RISK, AND SPECIALIZATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sample of Kansas farms was used to examine the impact of risk and specialization on mean financial performance. Mean financial performance was hypothesized to be influenced by risk, age of the operator, percentage of acres owned, financial efficiency, leverage, specialization, and farm size. Risk, age of operator, financial efficiency, and farm size had the largest impacts on mean financial

Barry M. Purdy; Michael R. Langemeier; Allen M. Featherstone

1997-01-01

292

Special Needs. [SITE 2002 Section].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the following papers on special needs from the SITE (Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education) 2002 conference: (1) "Selected Technology-Infused Thematic Activities for Elementary and Special Education Teacher Education Programs" (Cindy L. Anderson and Kevin M. Anderson); (2) "Educational IT: How Students and…

2002

293

Racial Inequity in Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers discusses issues related to the overidentification of minority students in special education. After a "Foreword" (Senator James M. Jeffords) and an introduction, "Racial Inequality in Special Education" (Daniel J. Losen and Gary Orfield), 11 chapters include: (1) "Community and School Predictors of Overrepresentation of…

Losen, Daniel J., Ed.; Orfield, Gary, Ed.

294

Burnout among Special Education Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a meta analysis of the literature on burnout among special education administrators. Discussion of a theoretical framework reviews models of burnout especially Maslach's theoretical model, stages of burnout, and constructs of burnout. The meta analysis of 46 studies of special educator burnout with sufficient data for further…

Edmonson, Stacey

295

Special Diabetes Program for Indians.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the Balanced Budget Act of 1997, Congress established the Special Diabetes Program for Indians to provide prevention and treatment services to address the growing problem of diabetes in American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs). Since the Special Di...

2005-01-01

296

Teaching Special Relativity without Calculus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2007 many AAPT members received a booklet that is the first chapter of a physics textbook available on a CD. This book espouses the new educational philosophy of teaching special relativity as the first item in the topic of mechanics. Traditionally, special relativity is part of one or more modern physics chapters at the end of the text, and…

Ruby, Lawrence

2009-01-01

297

Vocational & Social Inclusion. Special Issue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special issue on vocational and social inclusion of people with disabilities includes papers with the following titles and authors: "Applying Theories of Career Behavior to Special Populations: Implications for Secondary Vocational Transition Programming" (Jay W. Rojewski); "Familiarity with the Service System and Perception of Needs at…

Retish, Paul, Ed.

1994-01-01

298

DEDICATION: Quantum graphs special section  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This special section was supposed to contain a contribution from a prominent expert in spectral geometry Professor Robert Brooks of Technion in Haifa, Israel. To our great sorrow, Professor Brooks passed away suddenly on 5 September 2002 before reaching his 50th birthday. We dedicate this special section to his memory.

2004-01-01

299

Driving Change in Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How has special education policy evolved over the years, and where should it go in the near future? One of the best known and most respected leaders in special education policy, Jim Gallagher, takes a candid and critical look at these questions in this informative book. Students, administrators, and policymakers will fully understand how four…

Gallagher, James J.

2006-01-01

300

Exam Performance in Special Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents an analysis in text and tables of performance on the 1995 and 1996 General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) examinations by students who attended special educational schools in England. The main conclusions were: (1) nearly 70 percent of English special schools who have students at Year 11 (15 to 16 years old) had no…

Thomas, Gary

301

Mr. Conkin's Special Happy Grams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to provide closer personal contact between principal and students, author initiated a program of Special Happy Grams given by the principal in recognition of special efforts in good behavior, growth of independence, academic achievement, and originality. (Author/RK)

Conkin, G. J.

1975-01-01

302

The University System of Sri Lanka. Vision and Reality. ICES Sri Lanka Studies Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book reviews the history of university education in Sri Lanka, paying special attention to the University of Peradeniya, originally the University of Ceylon. The book focuses on how an institution of higher learning, modeled initially on the older universities of Britain, has been influenced by the challenges and constraints of continuing…

de Silva, K. M., Ed.; Peiris, G. H., Ed.

303

Behavioral Disorders: Identification, Assessment, and Instruction of Students with EBD. Advances in Special Education. Volume 22  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volumes 22 and 23 of "Advances in Special Education" address the current top perspectives and issues in the field of EBD by providing chapters written by active researchers and scholarly university professors who specialize in this area. Volume 22 first delineates legal issues, themes, and dimensions related to the historical development of the…

Bakken, Jeffrey P., Ed.; Obiakor, Festus E., Ed.; Rotatori, Anthony F., Ed.

2012-01-01

304

Behavioral Disorders: Practice Concerns and Students with EBD. Advances in Special Education. Volume 23  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volumes 22 and 23 of the "Advances in Special Education" address the current top perspectives and issues in the field of emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD) by providing chapters written by active researchers and scholarly university professors who specialize in this area. Volume 22 first delineates legal issues, themes, and dimensions…

Bakken, Jeffrey P., Ed.; Obiakor, Festus E., Ed.; Rotatori, Anthony F., Ed.

2012-01-01

305

Annual Distinguished Lectures Series in Special Education and Rehabilitation (10th, Los Angeles, Calif., Summer 1971).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are six lectures in special education and rehabilitation given in 1971 at the University of Southern California. Dr. James Gallagher considers accountability, program planning, and program evaluation by means of a systems model. Suggested are the development of measurable educational objectives in special education. Dr. Edgar Lowell…

Williams, Eddie H., Ed.; Schrader, Donald R., Ed.

306

Rural Special Education Teacher Training: Promoting Self-Control in Students with Mild/Moderate Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inservice teacher education offered by Southeastern Louisiana University teaches rural special educators self-monitoring techniques for their students. A critical shortage of special educators has led to the hiring of minimally trained teachers, who need more training particularly in the areas of discipline and behavior management. A review of the…

Carr, Sonya C.; Evans, Elizabeth D.

307

Classroom Interaction in Regular and Special Education Middle Primary Classrooms in the United Arab Emirates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Samir Dukmak is an assistant professor in the Department of Special Education in the Faculty of Education at the United Arab Emirates University. The research reported in this article investigated the frequency, types of and reasons for student-initiated interactions in both regular and special education classrooms in the United Arab Emirates…

Dukmak, Samir

2010-01-01

308

Connecting to Community: What Do We Want in Our Special Education Graduates?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With a commitment to establishing collaborative relationships with a local special education community, a consultation process was undertaken to ascertain what practising educators considered essential special education graduate characteristics. This consultation occurred against the backdrop of broad-scale university organisational restructure,…

Hughes, Stephen; De George-Walker, Linda

2010-01-01

309

Item Level Access to Special Collections: A Prototype for an Integrated Automated Index.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Special Collections Database (SCDB), which is being developed by Ohio State University to provide better access to its special collections through item level bibliographic records for nonbook items. It is noted that these collections include fiction, the theater arts, music, photography, and the graphic arts. Copies of draft…

Caswell, Lucy Shelton

1991-01-01

310

Learning to Read: Learning Disabled Post-Secondary Students Talk Back to Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reveals the findings of a participatory ethnography with post-secondary students enrolled in a large West Coast University in British Columbia who had previously been identified as "learning disabled" and thus, the "recipients" of special educational policy interventions. Instead of starting from the official meanings of the special

Brown, Sheena

2009-01-01

311

The cyclic universe  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cyclic universe model is a modification of the ekpyrotic universe and the pyrotechnic universe models. The cyclic universe goes through the six transitions: the triplet universe, the inflation, the big bang, the quintessence, the big crush, and the deflation transitions. The universe starts with eleven dimensional space-time with two boundary 9-branes separated by a finite gap spanning an intervening

Ding-Yu Chung

2001-01-01

312

Information Seeking Behavior of Library and Information Science Faculty in Research with a Special Reference to the Use of Networked Information Sources and Services: A Case Study Performed at the Graduate School of Library and Information Science at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore and investigate the ways faculty at the Graduate School of Library and Information Science at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign use Networked Information Sources and Services to support their research task. Library and Information Sciences faculty at the University of Illinois were chosen as…

Abouserie, Hossam Eldin Mohamed Refaat

2007-01-01

313

PREFACE: Special issue: CAMOP-MOLEC XVII Special issue: CAMOP-MOLEC XVII  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This special issue of CAMOP/Physica Scripta presents highlights from the scientific contributions presented at the European Conference on Dynamics of Molecular Systems (MOLEC XVII) held on 23-29 August 2008 at St Petersburg, Russia. This meeting was the seventeenth in a series of biannual meetings that started in 1976, when the first conference was held in Trento, Italy. Subsequent meetings were held at Brandbjerg Hojskole (Denmark), Oxford (UK), Nijmegen (The Netherlands), Jerusalem (Israel), Aussois (France), Assisi (Italy), Bernkastel-Kues (Germany), Prague (Czech Republic), Salamanca (Spain), Nyborg Strand (Denmark), Bristol (UK), Jerusalem (Israel), Istanbul (Turkey), Nunspeet (The Netherlands) and Trento (Italy). In 2008, the meeting was jointly organized by scientists from the Ioffe Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St Petersburg, Herzen State University, St Petersburg, Moscow State University, St Petersburg Polytechnical University, and St Petersburg State University. About 150 scientists from 21 countries visited Pushkin, a beautiful suburb of St Petersburg near the famous palace of Empress Catherine II, and discussed the state of the art and trends in the field, as well as new methods and applications, during 24 plenary lectures, 36 hot topic talks and two evening poster sessions. A special event was the presentation of the MOLEC XVII award to Professor Grabriel Balint-Kurti for his outstanding contributions to the theory of reaction dynamics and molecular photodissociation. Further information is available from the homepage of the meeting: http://www.ioffe.ru/MOLEC17/. This special issue covers different aspects of atomic and molecular interactions, with emphasis on both experimental and theoretical studies of the dynamics of elastic, inelastic and reactive encounters between atoms, molecules, ions, clusters and surfaces. More specifically, it includes molecular collisions in different environments; plasma, atmospheric, interstellar and combustion processes, gas-surface processes, and biologically relevant systems; ab initio calculations of molecular dynamics; photon-matter interactions: spectroscopy, photodissociation and photo-induced reactions including femtosecond dynamics; interaction between ultra-cold molecules and atoms and processes in He droplets; and steric effects and vector correlations in reactive processes and in photodissociation. The organizers are pleased to acknowledge the support of LENTRANSGAS, Russian Foundation for Basic Research, and the Russian Academy of Sciences. We are very grateful to all members of the Local Organizing Committee, especially Alexei Podlaskin, Irina Krassovskaya, Oleg Rojdestvenski, Peter Shternin, Andrey Smolin, Irina Beletskaya, Alexei Verkhovtsev and Ekaterina Khadikova, whose hard work made the conference so successful. I very much hope that you will enjoy reading this special issue and that many of the articles presented will catch your attention. Perhaps we will meet at MOLEC XVIII in 2010, in Coimbra, Portugal.

Vasyutinskii, Oleg

2009-10-01

314

Types of habitat in the Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

From a biological point of view, all environments in the Universe can be categorized into one of three types: uninhabitable, uninhabited habitat or inhabited habitat. This paper describes and defines different habitat types in the Universe with a special focus on environments not usually encountered on the Earth, but which might be common on other planetary bodies. They include uninhabited habitats, subtypes of which are sterile habitats and organic-free habitats. Examples of the different types of environments are provided with reference to the Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland. These habitat types are used to identify testable hypotheses on the abundance of different habitats and the distribution of life in the Universe.

Cockell, Charles S.

2014-04-01

315

The University of Michigan Campus Walkways.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Walkway development throughout the various campus areas of the university is outlined with respect to the desired character of walkways, the minimum standards of certain walkway configuration, and long-range goals for an overall campus walkway system. Needs are discussed for the campus walkway pattern and special considerations are given for each…

Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor.

316

Tendencies in the University System in Romania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Here is a short presentation of the main statistical indicators for higher education. The analysis was structured on national and regional level and also taking in account the differences between private and state universities. We have focused on some indicators regarding students and teachers flows. Romanian case is a special one, that had no…

Andrei, Tudorel; Stancu, Stelian; Isaic-Maniu, Irina Maria

2007-01-01

317

Special Weeks, Special Days. Are They Worth All the Fuss?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five teachers describe the activities and benefits of special programs conducted by their schools: a turn-on-to-learning pep-up rally; a foreign language day; a math festival; a health carnival; and a grandparents' day. (SJL)

Bell, Sue; And Others

1980-01-01

318

Special Injections: Repair, Consolidation, Watertightness (Injections Speciales: Reparation, Consolidation, Etancheite).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Special injections with grouts having an organic resin base have been developing during the past few years and can be divided, for the sake of simplicity, into two main categories: (a) Precondensed resins without solvent. These are thermohardenable resins...

C. Caron

1976-01-01

319

Special Devices, Test Structures, and Hybrid Circuits for Special Environments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes eight special semiconductor devices or test structures plus an interconnection method developed for interconnecting multiple chip hybrid circuits. Non-gold, compatible material structures and fabrication techniques are used in making ...

D. J. Manus G. G. Hopkins J. G. Hoffman

1974-01-01

320

Parental Roles in Special Education: The Views of Special Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Elementary level special educators surveyed in a midwestern city felt that parents should take an active role in the educational process, with teachers providing guidance. The reliability of the survey results was not established, however. (PGD)

Abelson, A. Geoffrey; Metge, Maria

1985-01-01

321

Y2K Special Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CNET.com, the Website for the Computer Network, provides a special report on the year 2000 bug and your PC. The site complements CNET's original reporting with links to Y2K resources around the Internet. The special report covers Y2K hardware, OS, software, and Internet issues. In addition, the site includes two video reports from CNET's Y2K television special, links to other CNET news stories about Y2K issues, and links to more than 30 other sites containing Y2K information ranging from software vendors' sites to reports on how the Y2K problem will affect the economy.

322

Explanation, Special Relativity, and Presentism  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Which aspects of our experience of time can special relativity be used to explain? In this paper I focus on those aspects of our experience of time associated with presentism. Special relativity has been used to argue against presentism, and to insist that those aspects of our experience of time that are central to the presentist thesis are to be "explained away" as somehow illusory. In this paper I offer a version of special relativistic presentism that has the potential to explain (rather than explain away) these aspects of our experience of time, including the short duration of the present and temporal becoming.

Brading, Katherine

2014-03-01

323

Specialized Workshops on the Agricultural Science and Technology Curriculum for Secondary Agricultural Science Teachers. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief report describes six 2- to 3-day specialized workshops conducted at Texas Tech University and Stephen F. Austin University campuses for 121 secondary agriscience teachers. The workshops provided teachers with instruction and materials to assist them in teaching the new 100, 200, and 300 level semester courses. Topics were as follows:…

Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock.

324

The Federal Role in the Preparation of Special Education Doctorates. SEFNA Brief. Revised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) is the primary source of federal support for preparing researchers and teacher educators whose focus is students with disabilities. The OSEP Leadership Training Grant Program awards projects to more universities than any other federal agency, but to do so it provides smaller awards to universities

Smith, Deborah Deutsch

2009-01-01

325

The Physics After School Special (PASS) Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Physics After School Special program, or PASS program, funded by the Marsh White award, was a collaborative enrichment program between Angelo State University's SPS chapter and the local YMCA. The overall goal of this program was to educate young children in physical concepts, educate through hands on activities, to build a mentor-mentee relationship between the children and our SPS volunteers, and to encourage interest in scientific fields. Originally planned to for second to fifth grade students the program was implemented with kindergarten to fourth grade students. This proved to challenge the curriculum but adjustments were made to become more suitable to the age group. We present the program specifics and share results of this outreach program.

Anderson, James; Dunham, Hardin; Sauncy, Toni

2012-10-01

326

Specialized celestial mechanics systems for symbolic manipulation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Construction and application of the current high accuracy analytical theories of motion of celestial bodies necessitates the development of specialized software for the implementation of analytical algorithms of celestial mechanics. This paper describes a typical software package of this kind. This package includes a universal Poisson processor for the rational functions of many variables, a tensorial processor for purposes of relativistic celestial mechanics, a Keplerian processor valid for the solutions of the two body problem in the form of a Poisson series, Taylor expansions in powers of time and closed expressions, and an analytical generator of celestial mechanics functions, facilitating the immediate implementation of the present analytical methods of celestial mechanics. The package is completed with a numerical-analytical interface designed, in particular, for the fast evaluation of the long Poisson series.

Brumberg, V. A.; Tarasevich, S. V.; Vasiliev, N. N.

1988-03-01

327

Introduction to the Special Issue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To commemorate the 90th anniversary of the National Career Development Association and to anticipate its centennial, this special issue presents 9 analyses of the career counseling profession's strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. (GCP)

Savickas, Mark L.

2003-01-01

328

Distance Learning for Special Populations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distance education strategies for remotely deployed, highly mobile, or institutionalized populations are reviewed and critiqued. Specifically, asynchronous, offline responses for special military units, Native Americans on remote reservations, prison populations and other geographically, temporally or technologically isolated niche populations are…

Bates, Rodger A.

2012-01-01

329

Congress Wades into Special Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Fiscal Year 1987 National Defense Authorization Bill included legislation that directed a significant reorganization of the Defense Department's special operations forces (SOF). Specifically, the legislation directed the formation of a unified combata...

J. H. Koren

1988-01-01

330

Preschool Special Education in Hungary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents information on the various types of services for handicapped children and their parents, screening and assessment facilities, and the professional preparation of preschool special educators in Hungary. (Author/RH)

Csapo, Marg

1984-01-01

331

Special Risks of Pharmacy Compounding  

MedlinePLUS

... Consumer Updates RSS Feed The Special Risks of Pharmacy Compounding Search the Consumer Updates Section Get Consumer ... page: A Troubling Trend What You Can Do Pharmacy compounding is a practice in which a licensed ...

332

Efficient Specialization of Relational Concepts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An algorithm is presented for a common induction problem, the specialization of overly general concepts. A concept is too general when it matches a negative example. The particular case addressed here assumes that concepts are represented as conjunctions ...

K. VanLehn

1989-01-01

333

Rural Special Education: A Dilemma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article lists and discusses five problems in rural special education: a) low population density, b) financial constraints resulting from lower tax bases, c) rural flight, d) inability to recruit and retain quality personnel, and e) lack of future. (HMD)

Heller, Harold W.

1975-01-01

334

Some Pitfalls in Special Relativity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem of observing a collision between two spaceships is utilized to illustrate the misuse of time dilation and length contraction, and the incorrect description of space-time coordinates in special relativity. (Author/DF)

Chai, An-Ti

1973-01-01

335

Instructional Technology for Special Needs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper reviews selected research projects which focus on creating learning environments for special education, including those for handicapped, disadvantaged, and gifted children. Technologies that are applicable for gifted, retarded, blind or visuall...

A. Wright

1981-01-01

336

Special Casting Techniques (Chapter 9).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Special casting techniques are progressive production methods. These casting techniques include the following: metal mold casting (chill mold casting), shell-mold casting, investment casting, centrifugal casting, and others. Each of these methods of casti...

N. P. Dubinin

1965-01-01

337

Tobacco Consumption and Motives for Use in Mexican University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increased tobacco consumption, specially among adolescents and females, has been observed recently in Mexico. The goal of this study is to describe tobacco consumption and motives for use among university students. A descriptive cross-sectional study was performed using data provided by 282 students aged 15-24 studying at the University of…

Rasmussen-Cruz, Bettylu; Hidalgo-San Martin, Alfredo; Nuno-Gutierrez, Bertha Lidia; Hidalgo-Rasmussen, Carlos

2006-01-01

338

Science for the Thousands: The Open University of Great Britain.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Open University of Great Britain, using a multimedia, mass media approach offers instruction leading to a university degree. Its Faculty of Science provides instruction in the disciplines of biology, physics, chemistry, and earth science. The philosophy of instruction is anti-specialization, pro-integration; the social impact of science and…

Hawkridge, David G.

339

Assessing Academic Potential for University Admission: The Biographical Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Biographical Questionnaire (BQ) has been used in the Faculty of Humanities at the University of the Witwatersrand since the mid-80s, to identify potential to succeed at university among applicants who have not met the requirements for automatic admission. As the key instrument in a special admissions process, the BQ's history and assumptions are…

Enslin, P. A.; Button, A.; Chakane, M.; de Groot, M.; Dison, L.

2006-01-01

340

Level of Perceived Stress Among Lectures in Nigerian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to provide empirical evidence on the level of stress among lecturers in Nigerian universities. On the whole eight universities were used for the study. A sample of 228 (123 male and 105 female) lecturers was selected according to the variables of age, sex, marital status, experience, domicile, areas of specialization,…

Ofoegbu, Felicia; Nwadiani, Mon

2006-01-01

341

Cyber threat analysis for university networks via virtual honeypots  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multi-system university computer laboratories are becoming more vulnerable to attacks as the gain for the attackers become more lucrative. Universities are a special case of the traditional commercial networks as they are constantly under attack due to their large number of desktops and large data pipes to the Internet and other research institutions. There are numerous of malicious software created

Will Davis III; Hongmei Chi

2011-01-01

342

Are Special Education Students Happy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared the subjective and school-related happiness of 75 11- to 16-year-old special education students to 77 age- and gender-matched mainstream students using two quantitative measures. Additionally, the respondents chose from a list of 12 putative happy makers what they felt increased their happiness. Ten special education students also described their opinions on happiness qualitatively. In both quantitative measures,

Lotta Uusitalo-Malmivaara; Paula Kankaanpää; Tuula Mäkinen; Tiina Raeluoto; Karoliina Rauttu; Veera Tarhala; Juhani E. Lehto

2011-01-01

343

Are Special Education Students Happy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared the subjective and school-related happiness of 75 11- to 16-year-old special education students to 77 age- and gender-matched mainstream students using two quantitative measures. Additionally, the respondents chose from a list of 12 putative happy makers what they felt increased their happiness. Ten special education students also described their opinions on happiness qualitatively. In both quantitative measures,

Lotta Uusitalo-Malmivaara; Paula Kankaanpää; Tuula Mäkinen; Tiina Raeluoto; Karoliina Rauttu; Veera Tarhala; Juhani E. Lehto

2012-01-01

344

Interfacing External Quantum Devices to a Universal Quantum Computer  

PubMed Central

We present a scheme to use external quantum devices using the universal quantum computer previously constructed. We thereby show how the universal quantum computer can utilize networked quantum information resources to carry out local computations. Such information may come from specialized quantum devices or even from remote universal quantum computers. We show how to accomplish this by devising universal quantum computer programs that implement well known oracle based quantum algorithms, namely the Deutsch, Deutsch-Jozsa, and the Grover algorithms using external black-box quantum oracle devices. In the process, we demonstrate a method to map existing quantum algorithms onto the universal quantum computer.

Lagana, Antonio A.; Lohe, Max A.; von Smekal, Lorenz

2011-01-01

345

Interfacing external quantum devices to a universal quantum computer.  

PubMed

We present a scheme to use external quantum devices using the universal quantum computer previously constructed. We thereby show how the universal quantum computer can utilize networked quantum information resources to carry out local computations. Such information may come from specialized quantum devices or even from remote universal quantum computers. We show how to accomplish this by devising universal quantum computer programs that implement well known oracle based quantum algorithms, namely the Deutsch, Deutsch-Jozsa, and the Grover algorithms using external black-box quantum oracle devices. In the process, we demonstrate a method to map existing quantum algorithms onto the universal quantum computer. PMID:22216276

Lagana, Antonio A; Lohe, Max A; von Smekal, Lorenz

2011-01-01

346

Strategic Planning of the Graduate and Undergraduate Education in a Research University in Japan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a model used at Japan's Hokkaido University to integrate general and specialized education. For undergraduate study, the common core curriculum is supported by an interdisciplinary education system offering the essence of each specialized field abstracted and reorganized for non-specialized students. Graduate study is more flexible. (EV)

Ogasawara, Masaaki

2002-01-01

347

Innovations in Inclusive Education: Two Teacher Preparation Programs at the San Francisco State University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article introduces two innovative teacher preparation programs that emphasize inclusive education at San Francisco State University. The Combined Elementary and Special Education program has as its main goal to provide specialized cross training for special and general educators who work in highly diverse inclusive public school settings. The…

Wolfberg, Pamela; LePage, Pamela; Cook, Ellen

2009-01-01

348

Imagine the Universe!  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Welcome to the 2004 edition of the education CD from the Laboratory for High Energy Astrophysics at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. We hope that you will find it to be an exciting and fun learning experience. We have tried very hard to make this CD as user-friendly as possible and along the way we have discovered some things that every user may need to know. Please read the README file found on the CD if you have any questions or problems using the disk. Then, after that, if you still have problems, email us at itu@athena.gsfc.nasa.gov. We will be happy to help you 'get going'! Below are links to all of the sites included on the CD. You will also find the addresses for the on-line version of each of these sites. If you have a good Internet connection available, we recommend that you view the sites on-line. There you will find the latest updated information, interactive activities, and active links to other sites. Included on the disk are: Imagine The Universe! This site is dedicated to a discussion about our Universe... what we know about it, how it is evolving, and the kinds of objects and phenomena it contains. Emphasizing the X-ray and gamma-ray parts of the electromagnetic spectrum, it also discusses how scientists know what they know, what mysteries remain, and how the answers to remaining mysteries may one day be found. Lots of movies, quizzes, and a special section for educators. Geared for ages 14 and up. This site can be viewed on-line at http://imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/. StarChild: A learning center for young astronomers The 1998 Webby Award Winner for Best Education Website, StarChild is aimed at ages 4-14. It contains easy-to-understand information about our Solar System, the Universe, and space exploration. There are also activities, songs, movies, and puzzles! This site can be viewed on-line at http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/. Astronomy Picture of the Day APOD offers a new astronomical image and caption each calendar day. We have captured the year 2003 entries of this award-winning site and included them on the disk. The images and information provide a wonderful resource for all ages. This site can be viewed on-line at http://apod.gsfc.nasa.gov/apod/astropix.html.

White, N.

2003-01-01

349

Resources for Scholars: Four Library and Information Science Collections: Part 1: University of Western Ontario and University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the resources available to scholars in the library and information science collections of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the University of Western Ontario. For each university, the description includes a history of the development of the school of library and information science as well as resources found in special

Dorner, Daniel G.; Stenstrom, Patricia F.

1990-01-01

350

CRCHD - Maryland Special Populations Cancer Network  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD - Maryland Special Populations Cancer Network  Back to CRCHD Completed Research SPN Project Listing Maryland Special Populations Cancer Network Maryland Special Populations Cancer Network Principal Investigator: Claudia Baquet (cbaquet@som.umaryland.edu)

351

36 CFR 327.21 - Special events.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Special events. (a) Special events including, but not limited to, water carnivals, boat regattas, fishing tournaments, music festivals, dramatic presentations or other special recreation programs are prohibited unless written permission has...

2013-07-01

352

36 CFR 331.11 - Special events.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INDIANA § 331.11 Special events. (a) Special events including, but not limited to, water carnivals, boat regattas, music festivals, dramatic presentations, or other special recreation programs are prohibited unless written permission has...

2013-07-01

353

CRCHD - Maryland Special Populations Cancer Network  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD - Maryland Special Populations Cancer Network  Back to CRCHD Completed Research SPN Publications Maryland Special Populations Cancer Network Maryland Special Populations Cancer Network Principal Investigator: Claudia Baquet (cbaquet@som.umaryland.edu)

354

34 CFR 300.39 - Special education.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES General Definitions Used in This Part § 300.39 Special education. (a) General. (1) Special education means specially designed...institutions, and in other settings; and (ii)...

2009-07-01

355

34 CFR 300.39 - Special education.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES General Definitions Used in This Part § 300.39 Special education. (a) General. (1) Special education means specially designed...institutions, and in other settings; and (ii)...

2010-07-01

356

38 CFR 6.12 - Special dividends.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Special dividends. 6.12 Section 6.12 Pensions, Bonuses... UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT LIFE INSURANCE Dividends § 6.12 Special dividends. Any special U.S. Government Life...

2013-07-01

357

36 CFR 327.21 - Special events.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Special events. (a) Special events including, but not limited to, water carnivals, boat regattas, fishing tournaments, music festivals, dramatic presentations or other special recreation programs are prohibited unless written permission has...

2010-07-01

358

36 CFR 331.11 - Special events.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Special events. 331.11 Section...PROTECTION, USE AND MANAGEMENT OF THE FALLS OF THE...331.11 Special events. (a) Special events including, but not...boat regattas, music festivals, dramatic...

2009-07-01

359

36 CFR 331.11 - Special events.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Special events. 331.11 Section...PROTECTION, USE AND MANAGEMENT OF THE FALLS OF THE...331.11 Special events. (a) Special events including, but not...boat regattas, music festivals, dramatic...

2010-07-01

360

36 CFR 331.11 - Special events.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Special events. 331.11 Section...PROTECTION, USE AND MANAGEMENT OF THE FALLS OF THE...331.11 Special events. (a) Special events including, but not...boat regattas, music festivals, dramatic...

2012-07-01

361

36 CFR 331.11 - Special events.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Special events. 331.11 Section...PROTECTION, USE AND MANAGEMENT OF THE FALLS OF THE...331.11 Special events. (a) Special events including, but not...boat regattas, music festivals, dramatic...

2011-07-01

362

76 FR 4369 - Special Law Enforcement Commissions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Bureau of Indian Affairs Special Law Enforcement Commissions AGENCY: Bureau of...publication of the Interim Special Law Enforcement Commission Policy, Rules and Procedures, the Interim Special Law Enforcement Commission Protocols and...

2011-01-25

363

38 CFR 61.44 - Awarding special need grants and payment of special need per diem.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) VA HOMELESS PROVIDERS GRANT AND PER DIEM PROGRAM Special Need Grants...estimated by the special need recipient for furnishing services to homeless veterans with special need that the special need...

2013-07-01

364

Special Teaching for Special Children? Pedagogies for Inclusion. Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some special needs groups (for example dyslexia) have argued strongly for the need for particular specialist approaches. In contrast, many proponents of inclusion have argued that "good teaching is good teaching for all" and that all children benefit from similar approaches. Both positions fail to scrutinise this issue rigorously and coherently,…

Lewis, Ann, Ed.; Norwich, Brahm, Ed.

2004-01-01

365

Special Teacher Stress: Its Product and Prevention. Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings from a study involving 60 special education teachers examine characteristics of 20 Ss who scored highest and 20 who scored lowest on both job stress and life stress measures. Teachers are urged to begin relaxation training, exercise, emphasize positive attitudes, and maintain adequate diets. (CL)

Bradfield, Robert H.; Fones, Donald M.

1985-01-01

366

Special Vacation Advice for Families with Special Needs Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The excitement of going on a family vacation can be matched only by the stress parents experience as they prepare for the excursion. Parents of children with disabilities have special considerations to keep in mind, including the mode of transportation, the accessibility of accommodations, whether the activities will be appropriate for all members…

Barkin, Scott L.

2010-01-01

367

Special Issue: Educating for Entrepreneurship.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes "Creating Conducive Environments for Learning and Entrepreneurship" (Gibb); "Understanding Notions of Enterprise in the Higher Education Sector" (Hartshorn); "Towards HEI (Higher Education Institution)-based New Venture Generation" (Virtanen, Laukkanen); "Entrepreneurial Universities" (Formica); "Managing Research and Development in Small…

Industry & Higher Education, 2002

2002-01-01

368

Parameterized Special Theory of Relativity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have parameterized Einstein's thought experiment with atomic clocks, supposing that we know neither if the space and time are relative or absolute, nor if the speed of light is ultimate speed or not. We have obtain a Parameterized Special Theory of Relativity (1982). Our PSTR generalized not only Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity (1905), but also our Absolute Theory of Relativity (1982), and has introduced three more possible Relativities (1982) to be studied in the future. Afterwards, we extended our research considering not only constant velocities but constant accelerations too.

Smarandache, Florentin

2012-04-01

369

Special issues in myeloproliferative neoplasms.  

PubMed

Special issues in myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) comprise clinical conditions with high relevance for the duration and quality of the patient's life, but with limited evidence to support sound diagnostic and therapeutic recommendations and a low probability of being solved by the current standard of clinical research. These issues include MPN in pregnancy and in children, abdominal vein thrombosis, bleeding complications, surgery, pruritus, and leukemic transformation. Practical suggestions to guide clinical decisions in these settings remain largely empirical, but recently developed guidelines based on experts' consensus may help to tackle these problems. This article reviews the state of the art regarding these issues, with special emphasis on experts' consensus recommendations. PMID:21181458

Barbui, Tiziano; Finazzi, Guido

2011-03-01

370

The New Universities. (Architectural Character)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Photographs and comparative statistics are given for each of the following--(1) University of Sussex, (2) University of York, (3) University of East Anglia, (4) University of Essex, (5) University of Kent at Canterbury, (6) University of Warwick, (7) University of Lancaster, (8) University of Technology, Loughborough, (9) Brunel University, (10)…

Brawne, Michael

1970-01-01

371

University of Washington Digital Library Initiatives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Washington Libraries present this collection of a dozen image databases created as part of an ongoing digital library program. There are ten collections of photographs from University of Washington Special Collections that include views of Seattle dated 1891 - 1940, Harriman's expedition to Alaska in 1899, the Klondike gold rush, and a photo album from 1925 promoting Mount Rainier National Park. There are also two image databases created in collaboration with other groups: 26 images of Jacob Lawrence paintings, with the Jacob Lawrence Catalogue Raisonne Project, and the Cities and Buildings Database, 5,000 architectural images, with the University of Washington Architecture Department. All of the databases use the CONTENT software suite developed by the Center for Information Systems Optimization (CISO) at the University of Washington, and so all have the same search interface regardless of the subject. Information about CONTENT is also available at the site.

372

The Open Systems University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is focused toward a systems understanding of the contemporary university, the American University being the data base. A general systems conceptualization called the open systems university is presented. Comprehensive and generic in character, it is hoped that the theory of the open university will be viable enough to…

Counelis, James Steve

373

The Global University Press  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The modern world's understanding of American university press has long been shaped by university-press books. American university-press books are good international advertisements for the universities whose logos grace their spines. The growth of transnational scholarship and the expansion of digital communications networks are converging in ways…

Dougherty, Peter J.

2012-01-01

374

Massachusetts Special Olympics Poly Hockey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Poly Hockey is featured in this manual of instructions for coaches and teachers to use with mentally retarded boys and girls of all ages and ability levels. It is noted that the sport has been supported by the Board of Directors of the Special Olympics and has been used in Massachusetts for over 7 years. Explained is use of the game indoors, and…

Morrissey, Jim

375

Soft Modeling and Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes soft modeling with partial least squares in a nontechnical manner and suggests its greater use in special education research. This approach allows model building and evaluation in situations with high complexity but without well-articulated theories. (DB)

Pulos, Steven; Rogness, Neal

1995-01-01

376

Early Childhood Special Music Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of early intervention is a critical component of Early Childhood Special Music Education. Early intervention is the process of providing services, education, and support to young children who have disabilities or to children who are at-risk of developing needs that may affect their physical, cognitive, or emotional development. The…

Darrow, Alice-Ann

2011-01-01

377

Introduction to the Special Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a special series of seven articles dealing with biopsychosocial oncology, the role of psychology in cancer treatment. Includes an introduction by Lizette Peterson and articles by Thomas Burish and Michael Carey, Susan Jay et al., Shelley Taylor et al., David Cella and Susan Tross, Gerald Koocher, and Leonard Derogatis. (KS)

Peterson, Lizette

1986-01-01

378

Qualitative Studies in Special Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

An overview of the many types of studies that fall into the qualitative design genre is provided. Strategies that qualitative researchers use to establish the authors' studies as credible and trustworthy are listed and defined. So that readers will recognize the important contribution qual- itative studies have made in the field of special education, a range of well-known and lesser

ELLEN BRANTLINGER; ROBERT JIMENEZ; JANETTE KLINGNER; MARLEEN PUGACH; VIRGINIA RICHARDSON

379

Wessex Studies in Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ten papers focus on aspects of special education in Britain, Canada and Sweden. "The Meaning of Handicap" by J. Bicknell presents a dynamic view of handicaps and discusses the effects of others' reactions to the disabled child. M. Cooley ("A Study of Parental Response to Pre-School Provision for Handicapped Children") reviews a survey that…

Jackson, Robin, Ed.

1981-01-01

380

Special Operations Officer Talent Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

How should the Department of Defense (DoD) execute the talent management (TM) of special operations forces (SOF) commissioned officers. The Services provide the basic TM of SOF officers at the beginning of their careers. Once officers transition to SOF, U...

J. J. Turner

2013-01-01

381

Traffic Safety for Special Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a 6 weeks' unit on traffic education using flannel graphs, filmstrips and models, 12 special class students (IQ 55-82) ages 7- to 11-years-old learned six basic skills including crossing a road, obeying traffic lights and walking on country roads. (CL)

Wilson, Val; MacKenzie, R. A.

1974-01-01

382

Commentary: Indigenous Health Special Issue  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This commentary highlights indigenous public health research from a special issue of the International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction dealing with child maltreatment, mental health, substance abuse and gambling. We focus on the emerging and growing research movement in Indigenous research through three important themes: 1) worldview and…

Tonmyr, Lil; Blackstock, Cindy

2010-01-01

383

NCI at Frederick: Special Shuttle  

Cancer.gov

In accordance with contractual requirements, the following information must be provided for all requests for a Special Shuttle from the FNLCR. Please complete the following information in order to begin the approval process, please allow 10 days in advance of the requested shuttle date.

384

Managing Special and Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a guide to special and inclusive education and provides a comprehensive overview of this complex field. Author Stephen Rayner examines context, policy, and practice, and shows how to successfully navigate the managerial challenges involved, while contributing to the way forward through leadership in a diverse field. The author…

Rayner, Steve G.

2007-01-01

385

Twin Paradox in Special Relativity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The familiar ``traveling twin paradox'' is discussed in a particularly simple manner, using special relativity only. The asymmetrical aging of the twins is predicted using only the relativistic definition of simultaneity and the relativistic time dilatation. Possible objections to such a treatment are discussed.

Robert H. Romer

1959-01-01

386

Special Section: Educating Elderly Caregivers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four articles in this special section report on (1) Arizona curriculum for home-based caregivers of the elderly in rural communities (Epstein, Koenig); (2) educational programs for nursing home caregivers (Marsden); (3) extension programs for helping low-income elderly with money management (Koonce); and (4) energy education for the elderly…

Epstein, Bernice A.; And Others

1990-01-01

387

Exploring into Teacher's Specialized Practicality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher specialization is a subject with very strong practicality as regards its essence. This paper analyzes the main problems of the existing teacher professionalism, poses and argues the 3 hypotheses of teacher professionalism. Around the reality of teacher professionalism, the author brings forward and establishes a new teacher evaluation…

Tian, Lian-jin

2010-01-01

388

SPAN: Special Peer Action Network.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Special Peer Action Network (SPAN) program in Jackson County (Florida) schools brings together gifted students and students with developmental disabilities. Gifted students received background information and training in how to serve as models, helpers, and friends of students with disabilities and then participated in structured interactions…

Plumb, Inia Jean; Brown, Drucilla C.

1990-01-01

389

Frame of Reference: Special Collections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rare, distinctive, unique--academic libraries are exploring new ways to describe and define what they've traditionally called special collections: incunabula, manuscripts, rare books, cultural artifacts and more. These valuable, historically important, and often one-of-a-kind artifacts can be a treasure trove for scholars and students. Technology…

Goetsch, Lori A.

2010-01-01

390

Special Education Tracks of Inequality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper examines the continuing overrepresentation of minorities in special education programs for the mildly handicapped and their underrepresentation in programs for the gifted and talented. Alternative policy strategies are presented for advocates and decision makers concerned with reducing the increasing racial and ethnic disparities in…

Schwartz, Louis

391

Special Educational Needs and Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues relating to the categorisation and labelling of pupils, and, the use of the terms "special educational needs" and "disability" in particular, have been the topic of debate in "BJSE" before. In this article, Sue Keil, a research officer at the Royal National Institute for the Blind (RNIB), Olga Miller, of the Institute of Education,…

Keil, Sue; Miller, Olga; Cobb, Rory

2006-01-01

392

Cybernetics and Education (Special Issue)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a special issue examining the potential of cybernetics in educational technology. Articles discuss: cybernetic methods, algorithms, feedback learning theory, a structural approach to behavioral objectives and criterion-referenced testing, task specifications and diagnosis, teacher-child interaction, educational development, teaching…

Kopstein, Felix F., Ed.

1977-01-01

393

Seeking Savings in Special Ed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An old saying goes, "When an irresistible force meets an immovable object, something has to give." That adage is taking on new urgency for school districts as they grapple with the burgeoning costs of their special education programs. The immovable object is the hard and fast rules of the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement…

Schachter, Ron

2012-01-01

394

Special Collections. SPEC Kit 57.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 1979 Systems and Procedures Exchange Center (SPEC) survey on special collections in Association of Research Libraries (ARL) institutions focuses on centralized departments that handle rare books, manuscripts, archives, and author-subject collections. Statistical results from 66 survey replies reporting on the staffing, size, and expenditures of…

Association of Research Libraries, Washington, DC. Office of Management Studies.

395

Career Development/Special Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains four papers presented at a symposium on career development and special needs moderated by James M. Brown at the 1996 conference of the Academy of Human Resource Development (AHRD). "Differential Rates of Employer Sponsored Job Training by Demographic Characteristics among Executives, Administrators, and Managers" (Marilynn…

1996

396

Operant Conditioning for Special Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper briefly explains operant conditioning as it pertains to special educators. Operant conditioning is thought to be an efficient method for modifying student behavior. Using the B. F. Skinner frame of reference, operant conditioning is said to include behavior modification and therapy, programed instruction, and computer assisted and…

Pedrini, Bonnie C.; Pedrini, D. T.

397

Gender Disparities in Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents results of an investigation of possible reasons for the pronounced gender inequality in numbers of students served by special education in Wisconsin, especially in the categories of emotional disturbances (81 percent male), learning disabilities (71 percent male), and speech and language (66 percent male). The study found that…

Harmon, Judson A.; And Others

398

Special Education Student Teaching Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings of our nationwide study of undergraduate special education student teaching practices. The authors were especially interested in grading systems, assignments, supervision practices, and unique challenges. Results indicated variability in grading systems, use of traditional assignments such as lesson plans, use of…

Conderman, Greg; Morin, Joe; Stephens, J. Todd

2005-01-01

399

Special section on signal transduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This special section of Physical Biology focuses on multiple aspects of signal transduction, broadly defined as the study of the mechanisms by which cells communicate with their environment. Mechanisms of cell communication involve detection of incoming signals, which can be chemical, mechanical or electromagnetic, relaying these signals to intracellular processes, such as cytoskeletal networks or gene expression systems, and, ultimately,

Stanislav Shvartsman

2012-01-01

400

American Reading Instruction. Special Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

First published in 1934 and updated in 1965 and 1986, Nila Banton Smith's "American Reading Instruction" has provided insight and historical perspective to reading instruction in the United States beginning with the colonial era. This "Special Edition" addresses such areas as theories and practical applications; established and emerging leaders in…

Smith, Nila Banton

401

SPECIAL SCHOOL FOR MIGRANT CHILDREN.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

MANY CHANGES HAVE OCCURRED IN MIGRANT CHILDREN OVER THE 5 YEARS THE SPECIAL SCHOOL HAS BEEN IN OPERATION. MOST NOTABLE IS THAT THE CHILDREN ARE MUCH CLEANER AND BETTER BEHAVED. THE CHILDREN ARE ISSUED COMBS, TOOTHBRUSHES, TOWELS, AND SOAP. STUDENTS SHOWER THREE TIMES EACH WEEK AND PERFORM A DAILY ROUTINE OF BRUSHING TEETH AND COMBING HAIR. MILK…

POTTS, ALFRED M.

402

Introduction to the Special Issue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces the articles of this special issue focusing on randomized field trials in criminology. In spite of the overall lack of randomized field trials in criminology, some agencies and individuals are able to mount an impressive number of field trials, and these articles focus on their experiences. (SLD)

Petrosino, Anthony

2003-01-01

403

Special Education Microcomputer Software Directory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to help special educators select software appropriate for their classroom use, the directory contains evalutions of about 300 instructional software packages. An index lists titles by computer type and the following subject areas: computer literacy, critical thinking, grammar, life skills, literature, math computation, math problem…

Anderson, Nancy; And Others

404

Magnetic fields in the early Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We give a pedagogical introduction to two aspects of magnetic fields in the early Universe. We first focus on how to formulate electrodynamics in curved space time, defining appropriate magnetic and electric fields and writing Maxwell equations in terms of these fields. We then specialize to the case of magnetohydrodynamics in the expanding Universe. We emphasize the usefulness of tetrads in this context. We then review the generation of magnetic fields during the inflationary era, deriving in detail the predicted magnetic and electric spectra for some models. We discuss potential problems arising from back reaction effects and from the large variation of the coupling constants required for such field generation.

Subramanian, K.

2010-01-01

405

Ergonomics, design universal and fashion.  

PubMed

People who lie beyond the "standard" model of users often come up against barriers when using fashion products, especially clothing, the design of which ought to give special attention to comfort, security and well-being. The principles of universal design seek to extend the design process for products manufactured in bulk so as to include people who, because of their personal characteristics or physical conditions, are at an extreme end of some dimension of performance, whether this is to do with sight, hearing, reach or manipulation. Ergonomics, a discipline anchored on scientific data, regards human beings as the central focus of its operations and, consequently, offers various forms of support to applying universal design in product development. In this context, this paper sets out a reflection on applying the seven principles of universal design to fashion products and clothing with a view to targeting such principles as recommendations that will guide the early stages of developing these products, and establish strategies for market expansion, thereby increasing the volume of production and reducing prices. PMID:22317450

Martins, S B; Martins, L B

2012-01-01

406

Communication between Special and Regular Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined communication between special educators and the regular classroom teachers to whom they mainstream students. Respondents to a survey questionnaire included 34 special education teachers employed by a special education cooperative, 25 special educators employed by individual school districts, and 84 regular classroom teachers. The…

Panko, Jessie Symington; And Others

407

Connecting Indigenous Ainu, University and Local Industry in Japan: The Urespa Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines how collaboration amongst university, indigenous community and private sector companies can promote Ainu participation in higher education, drawing on a case study of the Urespa Project in Sapporo University, Japan. In this project, the university offers scholarships to Ainu students, requiring them to take a special course in…

Maeda, Koji; Okano, Kaori H.

2013-01-01

408

Key Factors in the Transfer of Technology from Universities in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. For the most part, technology transfer from universities in the United States is still not considered to be an efficient process. Reasons for this inefficiency vary, with the most obvious being the dramatically different missions of universities and businesses. Still, universities are viewed as essential sources of innovation for generating and sustaining economic growth. Of special

W. T. Flannery; M. R. Garcia Delgado

2006-01-01

409

IFESS 2005 Special Session 5 Artifical Vision  

SciTech Connect

A special session on visual prostheses was held during the Annual Meeting of the International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society (IFESS), in Montreal, Canada, July 5-9, 2005. IFESS is a meeting that typically attracts researchers in implantable nerve stimulators, functional electrical stimulation, and rehabilitation. All of these areas have significant overlap with the retinal prosthesis, but these areas have decades of research behind them. The special session provided a forum for researchers with vast experience in nerve stimulation to interact with leading research in retinal and cortical visual prostheses. The grant paid for the travel and conference costs of the presenters in the session. The session was chaired by James Weiland (the PI on this grant). The session co-chair was Phil Troyk, Ph.D., from the Illinois Institute of Technology. The Department of Energy was acknowledged at the start of the session as the sponsor. The following talks were delivered: Clinical Trial of a Prototype Retinal Prosthesis James Weiland, Ph.D. Doheny Eye Institute, Los Angeles, California The U.S. Department of Energy's Artificial Sight Program Elias Greenbaum, Ph.D. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee A 16-Channel stimulator ASIC for use in an intracortical visual prosthesis Phillip R. Troyk, Ph.D. Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois Two approaches to the Optic Nerve Visual Prosthesis Jean Delbeke, M.D. University Cath de Louvain, Louvain, Belgium Design and Implementation of High Power Efficiency Modules for a Cortical Visual Stimulator Mohammad Sawan, Ph.D. Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, Montreal, Canada Remaining funds from the grant were used to support Dr. Weiland's travel to the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology in May 2006, with DOE approval, where several projects, supported by the DOE artificial retina program, were presented.

Weiland, J.D.; Greenbaum, E.; Delbeke, J.; Troyk, P.R.; Sawan, M.

2005-07-01

410

Beyond Special Education Compliance: Administrative Challenges for Reaching Educational Excellence. Specialized Training of Regular Educators in Development and Implementation of Special Education Services in School Districts. Final Report and Training Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 3-year project aimed to improve delivery of support and instructional services among 33 West Virginia county school districts in implementing special education mandates. The participating school districts are within the service area of West Virginia University. The introduction details each year's objectives. "Year one" pursued needs…

Roth, Marta A., Ed.

411

A Voyage through the Radio Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Radio Astronomy Research Team from from Oil City Area Senior High School (OCHS) in Oil City, Pennsylvania, embarked on a special project titled "Mapping the Universe" at the start of the 2000 school year. For the project, students analyzed data from the Arecibo Radio Telescope, which is the world's largest single dish radio telescope, in an effort to learn more about distant galaxies. Students used the information they gathered to calculate the Hubble constant--an accomplishment usually achieved by professional astronomers.

Spuck, Timothy

2004-10-01

412

Electrovac universes with a cosmological constant  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the extension of the Einstein-Maxwell system called electrovac universes by introducing a cosmological constant ?. In the absence of the ? term, the crucial equation in solving the Einstein-Maxwell system is the Laplace equation. The cosmological constant modifies this equation to become in a nonlinear partial differential equation which takes the form ? U =2? U 3. We offer special solutions of this equation.

Posada-Aguirre, Nelson C.; Batic, Davide

2014-05-01

413

Instantons on special holonomy manifolds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider cones over manifolds admitting real Killing spinors and instanton equations on connections on vector bundles over these manifolds. Such cones are manifolds with special (reduced) holonomy. We generalize the scalar ansatz for a connection proposed by Harland and Nölle [D. Harland and C. Nölle, J. High Energy Phys.JHEPFG1029-8479 03 (2012) 082.10.1007/JHEP03(2012)082] in such a way that instantons are parametrized by constrained matrix-valued functions. Our ansatz reduces instanton equations to matrix model equations which can be further reduced to Newtonian mechanics with particle trajectories obeying first-order gradient flow equations. Generalizations to Kähler-Einstein manifolds and resolved Calabi-Yau cones are briefly discussed. Our construction allows one to associate quiver gauge theories with special holonomy manifolds via dimensional reduction.

Ivanova, Tatiana A.; Popov, Alexander D.

2012-05-01

414

Geomembrane special study. [UMTRA Project  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Geomembrane Special Study was to asses the suitability of geomembranes in Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project pile designs. Geomembranes, also called flexible membrane liners, are made of polymer resins and are thermoplastic materials. Part of the special study was to evaluate regulatory compliance and acceptability issues. This study was proposed because of the extensive use of geomembranes in hazardous waste site remedial actions and their accepted use in Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) cells as both covers and liners to limit infiltration, or as part of leachate collection systems. This study has reviewed the recent geomembrane literature focusing on: (1) longevity; (2) performance; (3) constructibility; and (4) quality control/quality assurance considerations. In addition to these technical considerations, regulatory compliance and acceptability concerns were also evaluated. This report describes the results of the literature review, including correspondence with manufacturers, resin producers, experts in the field, and long-term major users. 12 refs., 2 tabs.

Not Available

1988-07-01

415

Disability and Adult Life: Dependence on Social Security among Former Students with Special Educational Needs in Their Late Twenties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article, by Jon Olav Myklebust from Volda University, Norway, presents analyses of social security dependence among students with special educational needs in Norway who at the start of upper secondary school had various disabilities--of a somatic, psychological and/or social nature. They were all educated in ordinary schools, in special or…

Myklebust, Jon Olav

2013-01-01

416

Speciality Non-food Crops  

Microsoft Academic Search

Potential markets for non-food crops are both large and diverse, ranging from biofuels to performance chemicals and pharmaceuticals.\\u000a If current consumer demand, high oil prices, and political support are maintained, we can expect to see significant increase\\u000a in their cultivation. There are hundreds of crops in use or under development for non-food applications around the world.\\u000a Speciality non-food crops are

Adrian P. Higson; Alison Hamer

417

National Science Foundation: Special Reports  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of interactive features provides in-depth looks at a variety of research projects and science news stories connected with the National Science Foundation (NSF). These features, which are longer than NSF's standard news releases, cover general science research topics in which NSF has had some sponsorship. Topics covered by the special reports include research in water chemistry, the World Year of Physics, dinosaur hunting in Antarctica, research on the sea floor, disease ecology, and many others.

418

Commentary: Indigenous Health Special Issue  

Microsoft Academic Search

This commentary highlights indigenous public health research from a special issue of the International Journal of Mental Health\\u000a and Addiction dealing with child maltreatment, mental health, substance abuse and gambling. We focus on the emerging and growing\\u000a research movement in Indigenous research through three important themes: 1) worldview and ethics; 2) culturally based research\\u000a methods; and 3) the need to

Lil Tonmyr; Cindy Blackstock

2010-01-01

419

The special relativistic shock tube  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The shock-tube problem has served as a popular test for numerical hydrodynamics codes. The development of relativistic hydrodynamics codes has created a need for a similar test problem in relativistic hydrodynamics. The analytical solution to the special relativistic shock-tube problem is presented here. The relativistic shock-jump conditions and rarefaction solution which make up the shock tube are derived. The Newtonian limit of the calculations is given throughout.

Thompson, Kevin W.

1986-01-01

420

F-TF Special Triangles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: Use the unit circle and indicated triangle below to find the exact value of the sine and cosine of the special angle $\\pi/4.$...

421

Algebraic special functions and SO(3,2)  

SciTech Connect

A ladder structure of operators is presented for the associated Legendre polynomials and the sphericas harmonics. In both cases these operators belong to the irreducible representation of the Lie algebra so(3,2) with quadratic Casimir equals to ?5/4. As both are also bases of square-integrable functions, the universal enveloping algebra of so(3,2) is thus shown to be homomorphic to the space of linear operators acting on the L{sup 2} functions defined on (?1,1)×Z and on the sphere S{sup 2}, respectively. The presence of a ladder structure is suggested to be the general condition to obtain a Lie algebra representation defining in this way the “algebraic special functions” that are proposed to be the connection between Lie algebras and square-integrable functions so that the space of linear operators on the L{sup 2} functions is homomorphic to the universal enveloping algebra. The passage to the group, by means of the exponential map, shows that the associated Legendre polynomials and the spherical harmonics support the corresponding unitary irreducible representation of the group SO(3,2). -- Highlights: •The algebraic ladder structure is constructed for the associated Legendre polynomials (ALP). •ALP and spherical harmonics support a unitary irreducible SO(3,2)-representation. •A ladder structure is the condition to get a Lie group representation defining “algebraic special functions”. •The “algebraic special functions” connect Lie algebras and L{sup 2} functions.

Celeghini, E., E-mail: celeghini@fi.infn.it [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Firenze and INFN–Sezione di Firenze, I50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Firenze (Italy); Olmo, M.A. del, E-mail: olmo@fta.uva.es [Departamento de Física Teórica and IMUVA, Universidad de Valladolid, E-47011, Valladolid (Spain)] [Departamento de Física Teórica and IMUVA, Universidad de Valladolid, E-47011, Valladolid (Spain)

2013-06-15

422

Transformation and the Quest for Excellence: Professionalization of a Teacher Preparation Program at the University of Missouri  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A profession has been defined as a calling requiring specialized knowledge and intensive academic preparation. At the University of Missouri-Columbia, specialized knowledge and intensive academic preparation have been the hallmarks of its program since its inception in 1839. The University of Missouri-Columbia (MU) is the flagship and land-grant…

Andrews, Richard; Carr, Deborah

2004-01-01

423

Universality in Quantum Computation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We show that in quantum computation almost every gate that operates on two or more bits is a universal gate. We discuss various physical considerations bearing on the proper definition of universality for computational components such as logic gates.

David Deutsch; Adriano Barenco; Artur Ekert

1995-01-01

424

University Examination System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A computer based information system called UNIVERSITY EXAMINATION SYSTEM has been developed for Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU). The system provides efficient means of data storage and retrieval through a variety of fields. During the storage of information...

S. H. Siddiqui

1991-01-01

425

Metaphor and Universal Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attempts to identify elements of universal language and probes the limitations of the communication metaphor. Universal language is discussed in terms of the theory of quantum nonlocality and the implications of this theory for communication with extraterrestrial beings. (PCB)

Blown, Eric; And Others

1990-01-01

426

Models for University Government  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Looking at practices of university governments in three countries, the author discusses proposals for administrative and constitutional changes in universities. He makes recommendations to resolve the problems. (Author/MF)

Ross, Murray C.

1971-01-01

427

Universal Decimal Classification Udc.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document is comprised of special subject tables for geology, surveying, cartography and related branches of science and engineering. Contents: UDC auxiliary tables; UDC main tables; Alphabetical index.

1970-01-01

428

Gambling with the Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is an excerpt from Stephen Hawking's book The Universe in a Nutshell. Roger Penrose and Stephen Hawking, Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge, were able to show that Einstein's General Theory of Relativity implied that the universe and time itself must have had a beginning in a tremendous explosion. The discovery of the expansion of the universe is one of the great intellectual revolutions of the twentieth century.

Hawking, Stephen

2002-05-01

429

Subject Guides at Dalhousie University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many academic libraries provide a range of scholarly guides to different disciplines. The librarians at the Dalhousie University Libraries have created this magical elixir of guides to subjects as diverse as medicine, civil engineering, writing, and computer science. Each guide contains a set of five or six sections that include Reference, Selected Books, Key Databases, Journals, and Recommended Websites. Some of the more specialized disciplines (such as medicine and law) have recommended resources designed for each step in the formal education process. All told, there are over 75 guides here that provide a much-needed first step in the research process to students, academics, and the generally curious. Visitors with expertise can also offer suggestions for resources they feel should be added to these thorough guides. [KMG

430

Syracuse University Physics: Modules & Simulations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, from the Physics department at Syracuse University, contains a series of educational modules and simulations. Of particular interest are the Science for the 21st Century and the VRML Gallery of Physics sections. Science for the 21st Century contains eight modules of information on topics ranging from the brain, biology, and health, to global climatic changes. The VRML Gallery of Physics includes two modules written by Rob Salgado, Electromagnetism and a Light Cone. The Gallery of Electromagnetism features 15 sections of principles including unit vectors, charged spheres, Faraday Law, and line integrals. The Light Cone is an introduction to relativity. Included in the module are an introduction and sections on primeval, special, and general relativity.

2007-05-27

431

Universality class in conformal inflation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We develop a new class of chaotic inflation models with spontaneously broken conformal invariance. Observational consequences of a broad class of such models are stable with respect to strong deformations of the scalar potential. This universality is a critical phenomenon near the point of enhanced symmetry, SO(1,1), in case of conformal inflation. It appears because of the exponential stretching of the moduli space and the resulting exponential flattening of scalar potentials upon switching from the Jordan frame to the Einstein frame in this class of models. This result resembles stretching and flattening of inhomogeneities during inflationary expansion. It has a simple interpretation in terms of velocity versus rapidity near the Kähler cone in the moduli space, similar to the light cone of special theory of relativity. This effect makes inflation possible even in the models with very steep potentials. We describe conformal and superconformal versions of this cosmological attractor mechanism.

Kallosh, Renata; Linde, Andrei

2013-07-01

432

Syracuse University Physics: Modules & Simulations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, from the Physics department at Syracuse University, contains a series of educational modules and simulations. Of particular interest are the Science for the 21st Century and the VRML Gallery of Physics sections. Science for the 21st Century contains eight modules of information on topics ranging from the brain, biology, and health, to global climatic changes. The VRML Gallery of Physics includes two modules written by Rob Salgado, Electromagnetism and a Light Cone. The Gallery of Electromagnetism features 15 sections of principles including unit vectors, charged spheres, Faraday Law, and line integrals. The Light Cone is an introduction to relativity. Included in the module are an introduction and sections on primeval, special, and general relativity.

1997-01-01

433

The Special Theory of Relativity. A Mathematical Exposition.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on courses taught at the University of Dublin, Carnegie Mellon University, and mostly at Simon Fraser University, this book presents the special theory of relativity from a mathematical point of view. It begins with the axioms of the Minkowski vector space and the flat spacetime manifold. Then it discusses the kinematics of special relativity in terms of Lorentz tranformations, and treats the group structure of Lorentz transformations. Extending the discussion to spinors, the author shows how a unimodular mapping of spinor (vector) space can induce a proper, orthochronous Lorentz mapping on the Minkowski vector space. The second part begins with a discussion of relativistic particle mechanics from both the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian points of view. The book then turns to the relativistic (classical) field theory, including a proof of Noether's theorem and discussions of the Klein-Gordon, electromagnetic, Dirac, and non-abelian gauge fields. The final chapter deals with recent work on classical fields in an eight-dimensional covariant phase space.

Das, Anadijiban

434

Northern Arizona University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Northern Arizona University (NAU) is a public university nestled below the San Francisco Peaks in Flagstaff, Arizona. It enrolls more than 21,000 undergraduate and graduate students at its main campus in Flagstaff, through its 35 statewide sites, and via online program offerings. Within the university organizational system, Student Affairs has a…

Butcher, Michael F.; Saltonstall, Margot; Bickel, Sarah; Brandel, Rick

2009-01-01

435

The University Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article the author discusses the role university culture can play on a campus and how it can impact policy and practice. The article explores how a university's history, values, and vision form its culture and how this culture in turn affects its stability and continuity. The article discusses how newcomers within the university are…

Simplicio, Joseph

2012-01-01

436

A New American University?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews changes in the relationship between American research universities and the federal government from 1945 to the present. During the 1950s and early 1960s, universities were supported in applied science and socially beneficial research. In current times, universities are becoming more autonomous in examining questions of social theory and…

Muller, Steven

1978-01-01

437

The German University System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an attempt to familiarize interested persons with the German university system, the German system of higher education is described including recent changes. Covered are: (1) degrees granted; (2) the organization of the universities; and (3) the social role of the professions. The German universities, in the present changing situation, are…

Schneider, R. T.

438

John Carroll University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

John Carroll University (JCU) is a Jesuit Catholic institution located in University Heights, approximately 10 miles east of Cleveland, Ohio. Founded in 1888, the university has a population of 3,400 undergraduates and 800 graduate students. The Division of Student Affairs at JCU comprises 11 units. The mission of the division is the same as that…

Dean, Kathleen Lis; Rombalski, Patrick; O'Dell, Kyle

2009-01-01

439

Joint Special Operations University SOF-Power Workshop: A Way Forward for Special Operations Theory and Strategic Art.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The individual military services' utility to the nation is defined and enhanced by the science and art of their application, often referred to as the military strategic art. Service strategic art is guided by broad warfare theories, principles, and specif...

J. Celeski

2011-01-01

440

Spontaneous creation of the universe from nothing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An interesting idea is that the universe could be spontaneously created from nothing, but no rigorous proof has been given. In this paper, we present such a proof based on the analytic solutions of the Wheeler-DeWitt equation (WDWE). Explicit solutions of the WDWE for the special operator ordering factor p=-2 (or 4) show that, once a small true vacuum bubble is created by quantum fluctuations of the metastable false vacuum, it can expand exponentially no matter whether the bubble is closed, flat, or open. The exponential expansion will end when the bubble becomes large and thus the early universe appears. With the de Broglie-Bohm quantum trajectory theory, we show explicitly that it is the quantum potential that plays the role of the cosmological constant and provides the power for the exponential expansion of the true vacuum bubble. So it is clear that the birth of the early universe completely depends on the quantum nature of the theory.

He, Dongshan; Gao, Dongfeng; Cai, Qing-yu

2014-04-01

441

kaisernetwork.org: special coverage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This special site from the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation brings users information about health policy in the context of the events following September 11. In particular, the site offers annotated links to Federal Government Resources, Publications and Reports, Organizations and Research Institutions, Public Opinion, State Resources, Kaiser Daily Health Policy Reports on Bioterrorism and the September 11 Aftermath, and Archived Webcasts on the September 11 Aftermath. This is a great stop for researchers or members of the general public interested in the impact of current events on public health issues.

2001-01-01

442

The Axioms and Special Assumptions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For ease of reference, the axioms, the nontriviality assumptions (3.1.10), the definition of a D-set and the special assumptions of Chaps. 5 and 6 are collected together in the following. The verbal explanations that follow the formal definitions a)-f) of (4.2.1) have been omitted. The entries below are numbered as they are in the text. Recall that ?C is the subset of the cone C which, in a D-set, is seen to coincide with the boundary of C after the topology is introduced (Sects. 3.2 and 3.2.1).

Borchers, Hans-Jürgen; Sen, Rathindra Nath

443

Hermann Minkowski and Special Relativity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hermann Minkowski was a mathematical physicist who believed that beauty and elegance were important in the mathematical expression of physical principles. Among his most important works and the work for which his name is, perhaps, best known is his beautiful reformulation of Einstein's special relativity theory. The mathematical ideas and techniques introduced by Minkowski were fundamental in Einstein's construction, a decade later, of the general theory of relativity. This paper explores the mathematical and physical development of "Minkowski Space-Time" and its application to Maxwell's electromagnetic theory and which was presented in two fundamental papers by Minkowski shortly before his death in 1909.

Hall, Graham

444

Special Frisbees Detect Ultraviolet Radiation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This experiment helps students understand that ultraviolet (UV) radiation is present in natural outdoor light and that the intensity of the light varies with season and time of day. After completing this activity, students will be able to demonstrate that UV radiation can be blocked or filtered by various substances. The page contains detailed background material, learning goals, alignment to national standards, grade level/time, details on materials and preparation, procedure, suggested extensions, assessment ideas, modifications for alternative learners, special notes, and an example lab report format.

2007-12-12

445

Dark matter in the Local Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We review how dark matter is distributed in our local neighbourhood from an observational and theoretical perspective. We will start by describing first the dark matter halo of our own galaxy and in the Local Group. Then we proceed to describe the dark matter distribution in the more extended area known as the Local Universe. Depending on the nature of dark matter, numerical simulations predict different abundances of substructures in Local Group galaxies, in the number of void regions and the abundance of low rotational velocity galaxies in the Local Universe. By comparing these predictions with the most recent observations, strong constrains on the physical properties of the dark matter particles can be derived. We devote particular attention to the results from the Constrained Local UniversE Simulations (CLUES) project, a special set of simulations whose initial conditions are constrained by observational data from the Local Universe. The resulting simulations are designed to reproduce the observed structures in the nearby universe. The CLUES provides a numerical laboratory for simulating the Local Group of galaxies and exploring the physics of galaxy formation in an environment designed to follow the observed Local Universe. It has come of age as the numerical analogue of Near-Field Cosmology.

Yepes, Gustavo; Gottlöber, Stefan; Hoffman, Yehuda

2014-02-01

446

Student Charges. AASCU Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from The College Board's 2000-2001 Annual Survey of Colleges delivers a positive message about the financial accessibility of an education at a public college or university. While the 4.4% increase in tuition and fees and the 5.0% increase in room and board from 1999-2000 to 2000-2001 represent a slightly higher rate of increase than the…

American Association of State Colleges and Universities, Washington, DC.

447

Special Nutritional Needs of Children with Malignancies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report, from a special task force convened to review the topic, addresses nutrition issue associated with childhood cancers. Diet does not appear to present a special risk factor for cancer in children, except for the possible transplacental transfer ...

1987-01-01

448

25 CFR 62.12 - Special instructions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Special instructions. 62.12 Section 62.12 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF...INTERIOR TRIBAL GOVERNMENT ENROLLMENT APPEALS § 62.12 Special instructions. To facilitate the work...

2011-04-01

449

78 FR 36822 - Special Permit Applications  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...represent applications for Emergency Special Permits. It should...suspended from an aircraft, in remote areas of the US only, without...EMERGENCY SPECIAL PERMIT GRANTED...700(a). one pilot to remote oil and gas drilling...

2013-06-19

450

25 CFR 67.15 - Special instructions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Special instructions. 67.15 Section 67.15 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF...ROLL OF INDEPENDENT SEMINOLE INDIANS OF FLORIDA § 67.15 Special instructions. To facilitate the work...

2011-04-01

451

25 CFR 61.15 - Special instructions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Special instructions. 61.15 Section 61.15 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF...GOVERNMENT PREPARATION OF ROLLS OF INDIANS § 61.15 Special instructions. To facilitate the work...

2011-04-01

452

Retention of Junior Naval Special Warfare Officers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Commander of the Naval Special Warfare Command (NSWC) has identified junior officer retention within the Naval Special Warfare community as a significant problem. In 1997, the community experienced the highest number of resignations on record, and thi...

K. B. Davids

1998-01-01

453

40 CFR 421.131 - Specialized definitions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-07-01 true Specialized definitions. 421.131 Section 421.131 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...SOURCE CATEGORY Secondary Lead Subcategory § 421.131 Specialized definitions. For the purpose of...

2013-07-01

454

Families with Special Needs: Caregiving Tips  

MedlinePLUS

... to... Añadir en... Favorites Delicious Digg Google Bookmarks Families with Special Needs: Caregiving Tips Caregivers typically provide ... a chronic illness or disabling condition. Whether a family member with special needs is a child or ...

455

14 CFR 25.459 - Special devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY AIRPLANES Structure Control Surface and System Loads § 25.459 Special devices. The loading for special devices using...

2014-01-01

456

Verdier specialization via weak factorization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Let X? V be a closed embedding, with V? X nonsingular. We define a constructible function ? X, V on X, agreeing with Verdier's specialization of the constant function 1 V when X is the zero-locus of a function on V. Our definition is given in terms of an embedded resolution of X; the independence of the choice of resolution is obtained as a consequence of the weak factorization theorem of Abramovich-Karu-Matsuki-W?odarczyk. The main property of ? X, V is a compatibility with the specialization of the Chern class of the complement V? X. With the definition adopted here, this is an easy consequence of standard intersection theory. It recovers Verdier's result when X is the zero-locus of a function on V. Our definition has a straightforward counterpart ? X, V in a motivic group. The function ? X, V and the corresponding Chern class c SM( ? X, V ) and motivic aspect ? X, V all have natural `monodromy' decompositions, for any X? V as above. The definition also yields an expression for Kai Behrend's constructible function when applied to (the singularity subscheme of) the zero-locus of a function on V.

Aluffi, Paolo

2013-04-01

457

Public Agenda Special Edition: Terrorism  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Public Agenda Online (PAO, first discussed in the February 26, 1999 Scout Report) has recently released a special report focused on terrorism, covering both public opinion and policy issues. The report's brief Overview explains some of the ways in which the United States is entering new territory in its efforts to deal with the recent terrorist attacks and summarizes some of the policy proposals. The Public Opinion section of the special reviews many of the public opinion polls on issues related to the attacks and the aftermath. The extensive links in this section, to on-site graphs and off-site studies, make this a rich resource for anyone interest in public opinion polls in general or public opinion related to 9-11 events in particular. The Fact File offers quick graphical information such as Total international terrorist attacks by region, 2000 and Countries that support terrorism (according to the US State Department). A list of annotated resources and links to related PAO issue guides round out the site.

2001-01-01

458

Rush SpecialKare Keepsakes.  

PubMed

When an infant is admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), parents seldom have the opportunity to celebrate special events in the infant's life within the context of the family. Our Rush SpecialKare Keepsakes is a program for parents of NICU infants that combines therapeutic photography, journaling, and memento preservation, with the goal of documenting the infant's birth and place within the family. The program has two distinct components: weekly scrapbooking sessions, which are free of charge to all NICU families; and Holiday Family Photo Shoots, in which infants are photographed with their family members to celebrate traditional holidays throughout the year. The program, which was conceived and implemented in January 2001, is under the direction of two NICU bedside nurses, who blend scrapbooking techniques with clinical expertise, so that weekly scrapbooking sessions are transformed into a unique type of parent support group. Data from the first 6 months of the program indicate that all 173 parent participants overwhelmingly appreciated the opportunity to attend these sessions, which they perceived as a brief respite from the NICU and an opportunity to interact with other families. PMID:15618860

Schwarz, Brooke; Fatzinger, Cindi; Meier, Paula P

2004-01-01

459

Evaluation of Courses and Programs Offered Under the Auspices of Wayne State University and the University of Michigan at the University Center for Adult Education, Detroit, Michigan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By use of interviews, questionnaires, and observation, the courses and programs offered by the University Center for Adult Education, in Detroit, were evaluated. The courses concerned Communication and Language Art, Environment, Practical Economics, Behavioral Science, Technology, Extension Courses, and Special Events. Evaluation findings show…

Dada, Paul O. A.

460

The Boltzmann equation in special and general relativity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Relativistic field equations for a gas in special and general relativity are determined from the Boltzmann equation. The constitutive equations are obtained from the Chapman-Enskog methodology applied to a relativistic model equation proposed by Anderson and Witting. Two applications in general relativity are considered: one refers to a gas in a homogeneous and isotropic Universe where irreversible processes are present during its evolution; in the other it is analyzed a gas under the influence of a spherically symmetrical non-rotating and uncharged source of the gravitational field.

Kremer, Gilberto M.

2012-11-01

461

Bridging Transition for Beginning Special Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed-method study provides an analysis of student teachers' transition from a dual licensed special and general education program into beginning special education teaching. This two-wave investigation highlights developmental stages during student teaching, differences in experiences between special and general education student teaching…

Wall-Marencik, Wendy

2012-01-01

462

28 CFR 540.18 - Special mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Special mail. 540.18 Section 540.18 Judicial...COMMUNITY Correspondence § 540.18 Special mail. (a) The Warden shall open incoming special mail only in the presence of the inmate for...

2013-07-01

463

Administrators' Perceptions of Special Education Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the perception and level of knowledge of special education law among beginning school administrators (n=120). Most respondents did not believe they had sufficient knowledge of special education law and expressed a need for additional preparation in special education law. Results support an increase in academic training in…

Davidson, Donica N.; Algozzine, Bob

2002-01-01

464

The Special Education Costs of Low Birthweight  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the relationship between low birthweight, enrollment in special education and special education costs in the united states. we use the Child Health Supplement to the 1988 National Health Interview Survey, obtaining a sample of approximately 8,000 children aged 6 to 15 who are in school. For these children, we calculate the probability of attending special education, holding

Stephen Chaikind; Hope Corman

1990-01-01

465

The Accounts of Special Education Leavers  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been comparatively little analysis of the ways in which pupils within special education describe themselves. This paper looks at the linguistic repertoires that leavers from special education in Central Scotland drew upon in order to account for their presence in what was seen by those around them as a stigmatising environment. Eighteen special education leavers were interviewed: first

Rik Cheston

1994-01-01

466

Developing special purpose simulators under Microsoft Windows  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the benefits of using Microsoft Windows to construct special purpose simulators. Microsoft Windows has several features which makes the development of special purpose simulators easier than ever before. The development of a special purpose simulator for the Irish Electricity Supply Board (ESB) is described. This simulator models the network fault location and repair procedure and assists the

Kieran L. Coughlan; Paul J. Nolan

1995-01-01

467

Special Education: A Career of Choice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study identified factors that contributed toward the decision of 57 special educators from one metropolitan region of a southwestern state to initially pursue special education careers in addition to influences that contributed toward their decision to remain on the special education career path. Participants surveyed also provided…

Fish, Wade W.; Stephens, Tammy L.

2010-01-01

468

A positive model of special district formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

New special district governments account for most of the growth in the number of governments in the US over the past few decades. This paper presents a positive model of the formation of special districts that provide goods via an increasing-returns-to-scale technology, such as water or sewerage districts. The formation of a special district is modeled as a noncooperative game

D. Andrew Austin

1998-01-01

469

Primer on Special Education in Charter Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This section of the Idaho Primer on Special Education in Charter Schools is divided into two parts: (1) a discussion of the legal status of charter schools and their linkage to other local education agencies (LEAs), and (2) a synopsis of federal laws that are most relevant to special education in charter schools. The Primer on Special Education in…

Luna, Tom

2007-01-01

470

Outcomes of AA for Special Populations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter reviews research examining outcomes of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) for special populations. It begins by discussing what is meant by the term “special populations” and why the question of if and how AA is beneficial for special populations needs to be considered. The chapter then examines studies of outcomes of AA participation among women, adolescents, and the elderly, racial

Christine Timko

471

Financial Performance of Specialized Wheat Farms.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Specialized wheat farms--those with at least 50 percent of their production from wheat and with at least $40,000 in total production--fared worse in 1985 than other specialized crop farms. Specialized wheat farms had the lowest returns margin and return o...

M. Ahearn R. Dubman G. Hanson

1987-01-01

472

Special and Compensatory Programs: The Administrator's Role.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This textbook provides a comprehensive look at the vast knowledge base supporting special and compensatory education. Each chapter begins with a context and concludes with a section on the school administrator's role in promoting and leading others in each of the special and compensatory programs. Chapters include: (1) "Special Education," which…

Boschee, Floyd; Beyer, Bonnie M.; Engelking, Jeri L.; Boschee, Marlys Ann

473

Interagency Plan for Children with Special Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Interagency Plan for Children with Special Needs for Maryland residents has three major purposes: (1) to set priorities for developing or expanding services required by special needs children and their families; (2) to ensure that resources targeted for special needs children are administered effectively by increasing interagency coordination…

Maryland State Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene, Baltimore.

474

The Technique of Special Effects in Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Television, with its special need for movement and continuous shooting, often demands different special effects techniques from those used in films. This book covers the techniques used to create special effects for television which meet these requirements and which also require less time and money than many film techniques. Included are…

Wilkie, Bernard

475

Considering Special Education Adequacy in California  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ways in which the needs of special populations--students in poverty, English learners, and particularly special education students--have been addressed in studies measuring educational adequacy vary widely. This paper analyzes how these populations have been treated across various adequacy studies, with its major focus on special education…

Harr, Jenifer J.; Parrish, Tom; Chambers, Jay; Levin, Jesse; Segarra, Maria

2006-01-01

476

Universities Scale Like Cities  

PubMed Central

Recent studies of urban scaling show that important socioeconomic city characteristics such as wealth and innovation capacity exhibit a nonlinear, particularly a power law scaling with population size. These nonlinear effects are common to all cities, with similar power law exponents. These findings mean that the larger the city, the more disproportionally they are places of wealth and innovation. Local properties of cities cause a deviation from the expected behavior as predicted by the power law scaling. In this paper we demonstrate that universities show a similar behavior as cities in the distribution of the ‘gross university income’ in terms of total number of citations over ‘size’ in terms of total number of publications. Moreover, the power law exponents for university scaling are comparable to those for urban scaling. We find that deviations from the expected behavior can indeed be explained by specific local properties of universities, particularly the field-specific composition of a university, and its quality in terms of field-normalized citation impact. By studying both the set of the 500 largest universities worldwide and a specific subset of these 500 universities -the top-100 European universities- we are also able to distinguish between properties of universities with as well as without selection of one specific local property, the quality of a university in terms of its average field-normalized citation impact. It also reveals an interesting observation concerning the working of a crucial property in networked systems, preferential attachment.

van Raan, Anthony F. J.

2013-01-01

477

Specialized brain cooling in humans?  

PubMed

Humans, compared to other species, have exceptional capability for dissipation of heat from the entire skin surface. We can secrete more than two liters per hour of sweat, indefinitely. The corresponding potential for evaporative cooling is near a thousand watts, sufficient to compensate for the extreme high levels of heat production during exercise. Also, the blood vessels of our skin have exceptional capability to dilate and deliver heat to the body surface. These are our special adaptations for thermal stress. They allow prolonged heavy exercise with modest elevations in the temperature of the fluid that cools all the internal organs, not just the brain-arterial blood. The vascular architecture of the human head is radically different from that of animals that exhibit SBC. These species have special adaptations that reflect their dependence on respiratory evaporation, particularly the limitation imposed on capability to dispose of heat produced during exercise. The increase in blood temperature in an intense sprint would heat the well-perfused brain rapidly. But the heat exchange over the large surface area of contact between a venous plexus cooled by respiratory evaporation and the meshwork of arterial vessels in the carotid rete precools blood bound for the brain. Specialized cooling of the brain (SBC) has not been demonstrated by direct measurements in humans. Changes in tympanic temperature (Tty) are taken as evidence for SBC. This continues an unfortunate tradition of exaggeration of the significance of Tty. In the only direct measurements available, brain temperature was unaffected by fanning the face although Tty did fall. What may appear to be a remnant of the carotid rete heat exchanger in humans is the intimate association between a short segment of the internal carotid artery and the plexus of veins in the cavernous sinus. Fortunately, the brain need not rely for its cooling on countercurrent heat exchange across this small surface area of contact. In humans, SBC stands for skin: the body cooler--we use our entire skin surface for heat dissipation. PMID:8375613

Brengelmann, G L

1993-09-01

478

Digital University Photographs: University of Dayton  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Dayton has a wonderful digital collection of photographs of the university. Visitors can search by "popular subject terms" which, perhaps not surprisingly, include the typical college terms of "football", "sports", and "athletes". However, there are also more unconventional terms available including "ghetto", which yields photos of the South Student Neighborhood, popularly known as the "Ghetto". Visitors to the collection will also find fraternity, sorority, and large imposing houses featured in the photographs of the "Ghetto". Visitors shouldn't miss browsing the many aerial views of campus and surrounding neighborhoods from the 1920s. Simply click on "campus", and enjoy the many views. Fans of the actor Tyrone Power should check out the picture of him with the University of Dayton football team in Hollywood in 1939 at Twentieth Century-Fox Studios. Visitors can also browse the collection or use the advanced search option.

479

Manual for the Use of the Universal Stage in Optical Crystallography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Universal Stage is an accessory for a polarizing microscope useful in the determination of optical properties of organic and inorganic compounds. Detailed instructions are given for the mounting of crystals, centering the stage, etc. Specialized techn...

E. A. Whitman

1966-01-01

480

Selling University Reform: The University of Melbourne and the Press  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the advent of the "Times Higher Education Supplement World University Rankings" and the "Academic Rankings of World Universities" by Shanghai Jiao Tong University, some Australian universities have become especially concerned with being ranked among the 100 leading universities. The University of Melbourne, Australia's second oldest…

Potts, Anthony

2012-01-01

481

Purinergic signaling in special senses.  

PubMed

We consider the impact of purinergic signaling on the physiology of the special senses of vision, smell, taste and hearing. Purines (particularly ATP and adenosine) act as neurotransmitters, gliotransmitters and paracrine factors in the sensory retina, nasal olfactory epithelium, taste buds and cochlea. The associated purinergic receptor signaling underpins the sensory transduction and information coding in these sense organs. The P2 and P1 receptors mediate fast transmission of sensory signals and have modulatory roles in the regulation of synaptic transmitter release, for example in the adaptation to sensory overstimulation. Purinergic signaling regulates bidirectional neuron-glia interactions and is involved in the control of blood supply, extracellular ion homeostasis and the turnover of sensory epithelia by modulating apoptosis and progenitor proliferation. Purinergic signaling is an important player in pathophysiological processes in sensory tissues, and has both detrimental (pro-apoptotic) and supportive (e.g. initiation of cytoprotective stress-signaling cascades) effects. PMID:19232752

Housley, Gary D; Bringmann, Andreas; Reichenbach, Andreas

2009-03-01

482

Special test methods for batteries  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Various methods are described for measuring heat generation in primary and secondary batteries as well as the specific heat of batteries and cell thermal conductance. Problems associated with determining heat generation in large batteries are examined. Special attention is given to monitoring temperature gradients in nickel cadmium cells, the use of auxiliary electrodes for conducting tests on battery charge control, evaluating the linear sweep of current from charge to discharge, and determining zero current voltage. The fast transient behavior of batteries in the microsecond range, and the electrical conductance of nickel sinters in the thickness direction are also considered. Mechanical problems experienced in the vibration of Ni-Cd batteries and tests to simulate cyclic fatigue of the steel table connecting the plates to the comb are considered. Methods of defining the distribution of forces when cells are compressed during battery packaging are also explored.

Gross, S.

1984-01-01

483

Numerical Hydrodynamics in Special Relativity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This review is concerned with a discussion of numerical methods for the solution of the equations of special relativistic hydrodynamics (SRHD). Particular emphasis is put on a comprehensive review of the application of high-resolution shock-capturing methods in SRHD. Results of a set of demanding test bench simulations obtained with different numerical SRHD methods are compared. Three applications (astrophysical jets, gamma-ray bursts and heavy ion collisions) of relativistic flows are discussed. An evaluation of various SRHD methods is presented, and future developments in SRHD are analyzed involving extension to general relativistic hydrodynamics and relativistic magneto-hydrodynamics. The review further provides FORTRAN programs to compute the exact solution of a 1D relativistic Riemann problem with zero and nonzero tangential velocities, and to simulate 1D relativistic flows in Cartesian Eulerian coordinates using the exact SRHD Riemann solver and PPM reconstruction.

Martí, José Maria; Müller, Ewald

2003-12-01

484

Raisin Bread Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students examine the idea of inflation in the Universe using rising raisin bread dough as a model for universal expansion. Students will read the Cosmic Times 1993 edition and use two articles: Pancake or Oatmeal Universe - What's for Breakfast and Inflation in the Universe to help them make observations. The students will observe a bowl of oatmeal to explain the lumpiness and smoothness of the universe. Then the students will use raisin bread to describe how the universe went through a period of inflation to expand into its current form today. This lesson is part of the Cosmic Times teacher guide and is intended to be used in conjunction with the 1993 Cosmic Times Poster.

485

University contract research guidelines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Concerns have been raised in the past few years over the increasing reliance of universities on contracts with outside agencies, public and private. These concerns have been the subject of meetings by the National Commission on Research, the Pajaro Dunes conference of university presidents and corporation executives, the Association of American Universities, and the Association of American University Professors, among others.The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) recently revised its “Policy #64: The University and Contract Research,” to address these issues in a way that “will help [university] administration and faculty act so that [their] relationship with government agencies or private industry will in no way violate the professional freedoms which have contributed so much to the status of American higher education.” The ACLU has followed the issue, it says, “because of our determination that contractual relationships proceed within a framework that protects fundamental academic freedoms.”

486

Enlistment Propensities of University Students.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Enlistment propensities of undergraduates were assessed through surveys conducted at Northwestern University, University of Arizona, University of California-Los Angeles, and University of Illinois-Chicago. The core finding was that there is a definite, a...

C. Moskos

2004-01-01

487

EDITORIAL: Special issue on Graphene Special issue on Graphene  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since the revolutionary experimental discovery of graphene in the year 2004, research on this new two-dimensional carbon allotrope has progressed at a spectacular pace. The impact of graphene on different areas of research— including physics, chemistry, and applied sciences— is only now starting to be fully appreciated. There are different factors that make graphene a truly impressive system. Regarding nano-electronics and related fields, for instance, it is the exceptional electronic and mechanical properties that yield very high room-temperature mobility values, due to the particular band structure, the material `cleanliness' (very low-concentration of impurities), as well as its stiffness. Also interesting is the possibility to have a high electrical conductivity and optical transparency, a combination which cannot be easily found in other material systems. For other fields, other properties could be mentioned, many of which are currently being explored. In the first years following this discovery, research on graphene has mainly focused on the fundamental physics aspects, triggered by the fact that electrons in graphene behave as Dirac fermions due to their interaction with the ions of the honeycomb lattice. This direction has led to the discovery of new phenomena such as Klein tunneling in a solid state system and the so-called half-integer quantum Hall effect due to a special type of Berry phase that appears in graphene. It has also led to the appreciation of thicker layers of graphene, which also have outstanding new properties of great interest in their own right (e.g., bilayer graphene, which supports chiral quasiparticles that, contrary to Dirac electrons, are not massless). Now the time is coming to deepen our knowledge and improve our control of the material properties, which is a key aspect to take one step further towards applications. The articles in the Semiconductor Science and Technology Graphene special issue deal with a diversity of topics and effectively reflect the status of different areas of graphene research. The excitonic condensation in a double graphene system is discussed by Kharitonov and Efetov. Borca et al report on a method to fabricate and characterize graphene monolayers epitaxially grown on Ru(0001). Furthermore, the energy and transport gaps in etched graphene nanoribbons are analyzed experimentally by Molitor et al. Mucha-Kruczy?ski et al review the tight-binding model of bilayer graphene, whereas Wurm et al focus on a theoretical description of the Aharonov-Bohm effect in monolayer graphene rings. Screening effects and collective excitations are studied by Roldán et al. Subsequently, Palacios et al review the electronic and magnetic structures of graphene nanoribbons, a problem that is highly relevant for graphene-based transistors. Klein tunneling in single and multiple barriers in graphene is the topic of the review article by Pereira Jr et al, while De Martino and Egger discuss the spectrum of a magnetic quantum dot in graphene. Titov et al study the effect of resonant scatterers on the local density of states in a rectangular graphene setup with metallic leads. Finally, the resistance modulation of multilayer graphene controlled by gate electric fields is experimentally analyzed by Miyazaki et al. We would like to thank all the authors for their contributions, which combine new results and pedagogical discussions of the state-of-the-art in different areas: it is this combination that most often adds to the value of topical issues. Special thanks also goes to the staff of Institute of Physics Publishing for contributing to the success of this effort.

Morpurgo, Alberto F.; Trauzettel, Björn

2010-03-01

488

EDITORIAL: Special Issue on Light Sources  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The papers in this Special Issue of Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics originate from the 11th International Symposium on the Science and Technology of Light Sources (LS:11) held at Fudan University, Shanghai, China, during 20 24 May 2007. Abstracts of all papers were published in the conference book Light Sources 2007 (Sheffield: FAST-LS) edited by Muqing Liu and R Devonshire. Special issues were produced after LS:9 and LS:10 and have proved to be well-cited and important sources of information for this community. The Symposia occur at three-year intervals. In this one over 200 papers were presented—the majority as posters—with ample time provided for active discussion. As all submitted papers had to be refereed in the normal way for J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., I was concerned that too many submissions would overwhelm the small number of referees available in this area. To ensure a broad spread of interests and opinions, I invited 10 senior colleagues to give me their recommendations about who should be asked to submit papers for this Special Issue. The criteria were that the work should be new, complete and within the scope of the journal. As a result of their suggestions 42 authors were asked to submit papers. Not all authors were able to submit a manuscript in time and some, at my request, combined their work into a single paper. The 28 papers published here are the result of that process. The issue starts with a comprehensive review by Benilov of the remarkable progress that has been made in the past 15 years in understanding the behaviour of cathode and anode terminations in arcs. It is fair to say that we now have a fundamental understanding of the formerly baffling behaviour of spot and diffuse terminations, at least in the quasi-steady state. A number of following papers cover applications of this theory, extensions to time dependence and examination of the effects of the different gaseous atmospheres in which lighting arcs operate. Mercury has very great advantages for efficient discharge lighting, including high volatility, high electron collision cross-section and its 3P levels, which are a major factor in the high efficiency generation of UV. Unfortunately, it is somewhat toxic and therefore unwelcome in the environment. Most of the mercury used in lighting is in fluorescent lamps and these produce (at high efficiency) most of the artificial light on this planet. Finding an alternative is proving a difficult but nevertheless active research field (see the recent Special Cluster on Mercury-Free Discharges for Lighting, edited by M Haverlag, in J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. volume 40, issue 13). The other approach is to reduce the amount of mercury in each lamp. Much has already been done but pressure for further reduction continues; Corrazza and Boffito review the current status. Developments in the behaviour of fluorescent lamp electrodes and in the ignition of fluorescent lamps are amongst the papers presented on this most important discharge. Major advances in the performance of LEDs have been made in recent years, although currently most LED lighting is used for signalling and decorative lighting; this is because LEDs cannot yet produce the light levels needed for general illumination at costs and efficiencies that compete with discharge lamps. Because of their specialized technology, papers from this area are somewhat under-represented in this issue. Papers on OLEDs and the specialized field of LED measurement are included. HID (high intensity discharge) lamps operate close to LTE at high temperatures and pressures in corrosive atmospheres. Research on materials has been very important for their development and is represented here in two papers. Diagnostics of HID have been crucial to securing agreement between models and experiment in HID lamps. Two papers are presented here on the spectroscopy of self-reversed lines, which provide very reliable results in lamps that typically have relatively poor optical quality. These are followed by further papers on emission spectroscopy. Amongst other diagnostics, th

Wharmby, D. O.

2008-07-01

489

Welcome to the Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A compliment to the Boston Museum of Science's exhibit, Welcome to the Universe is a "collection of web sites" aimed at teaching visitors about the Universe. Sites are organized into six categories: Patterns in the Sky, Size and Scale, Life Story of the Universe, Learning from Light, Additional Astronomy Resources, and Community Solar System. Each section provides a list of web sites and activities for hands-on learning.

490

The Internet University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Internet University, provided by Cape Software, is an annotated listing of over 300 college and university distance learning courses available via the Internet. Course information is arranged by subject from Arts to Sociology. Information is provided about the institution offering the course, as well as tuition, fees, and contact information. A "Providers" section organizes information by college or university. A "Research" section provides links to mailing lists, FTP sites, Usenet newsgroups, and telnet and Web sites with information about "online college and university study resources." In the future Cape Software plans an "Internet High School," with online high school and equivalency providers, and an "Internet Pilgrim," with online spiritual resources.

491

Universally Composable Commitments  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a new security measure for commitment protocols, called Universally Composable (UC) Commitment. The measure guarantees that commitment protocols behave like an \\\\ideal commitment service,\\

Ran Canetti; Marc Fischlin

2001-01-01

492

Explore the Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The new online exhibit, Explore the Universe, is provided by the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. The site "presents the major discoveries that have given us our current scientific view of the universe, illustrates how the universe is taking shape and probes the mysteries that remain." The exhibit, which is especially interesting when viewed with necessary browsers and multimedia software, delves into the history of space exploration from Galileo and the earliest ideas about the universe to the digital technology of today. The visually stunning exhibit should be enjoyable to explore and offers people of all ages a great way to learn about the human need to know what lies beyond.

2007-12-03

493

The Chinese Television University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of China's Beijing Broadcasting and Television University: background, establishment, administration and structure, students, courses, teaching package, and course production. (JD)

McCormick, R.

1980-01-01

494

Is the current solar activity minimum special?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Is the current solar activity minimum special? Sami K. Solanki(1,2), Natalie Krivova(1), Luis E. Vieira(1,3) (1) Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany (2) Kyung-Hee University, Yongin, Gyeonggi, Korea (3) Laboratory for Physics and Chemistry of the Terrestrial Environment/CNRS, Or-leans, France In many respects the current minimum of solar activity is rather different from other minima during the last half century, which has seen the Sun in a state of unusually high activity. This uncommon minimum has fascinated solar physicists. Of particular importance for our understanding is the behaviour of the magnetic field, which is the source of all activity observed in the solar atmosphere, including the heliosphere. Furthermore, the evolution of dark and bright magnetic features on the solar surface modulates the solar irradiance, which could directly influence the Earth's climate. In this presentation observations and models of the evolution of the Sun's magnetic field, sunspots and irradiance are reviewed. After discussing the variation of these quantities over the solar cycle and from cycle to cycle, the current minimum is considered in greater detail. It is compared to earlier minima going back to the Maunder minimum and, in a more averaged sense, to solar activity and irradiance during the whole Holocene. Questions that will be onsidered are: Are we leaving the period of high solar activity (a grand maximum) to enter into a phase of more moderate activity, or even into a grand minimum? How could such a change in the level of the magnetic field and irradiance aid us in gaining further insight into the nature of the Sun's influence on the Earth's climate?

Solanki, Sami K.; Krivova, Natalie; Antunes Vieira, Luis Eduardo

495

Small Special Education Teacher Preparation Programs: Innovative Programming and Solutions to Problems in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph presents nine articles that describe innovative programs within small special education teacher education programs at a variety of institutions of higher education. The papers are: (1) "Furman University: A Field-Based Model for Small Liberal Arts Teacher Education Programs" (Shirley A. Ritter and Lesley A. Quast); (2) "Providing a…

Reid, Barbara J., Ed.

496

Flexible Pre-Majors: Improving the BC Transfer System for Students & Institutions. Special Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All institutions review and update their programs over time, offering specializations based on departmental philosophy and expertise. With the increased number of degree-granting postsecondary institutions in British Columbia (BC), universities and colleges are under pressure to devise unique approaches to majors. This can mean that pre-major…

Orum, Jennifer

2010-01-01

497

Training Students from the Caribbean and Central America as Special Education Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the results of a two-year program to train 25 students from countries in Central America and the Caribbean in the area of special education. The program was administered by Georgetown University's Center for Intercultural Development (Washington, D.C.) and funded by the United States Agency of International Development.…

Schultze, Betty R.; Dice, Marvin L.

498

When Will I Be Special? Rethinking Developmentally Appropriate Practice in a Classroom Routine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When the parents of a preschooler at a university lab school questioned the classroom practice of Leader of the Day, with its "special privileges," it gave two teachers pause to think. They share their reflections about the purpose of the practice; what it means to the children; and what the children learn from it. Following guidelines from the…

Chen, Dora.; Battin-Sacks, Pamela

2008-01-01

499

Students with Special Educational Needs: Transitions from Primary to Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article looks at the experiences of young people with Statements of special educational needs prior to and following moves from primary to secondary school. Pam Maras and Emma-Louise Aveling of the University of Greenwich, London, used interviews to develop six qualitative case studies focusing on the transition process. Findings from these…

Maras, Pam; Aveling, Emma-Louise

2006-01-01

500

A Model of Clinical Supervision for Preservice Professionals in Early Intervention and Early Childhood Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors present a model of clinical supervision to guide preservice professionals embarking on a career in early intervention and early childhood special education. Established models of clinical supervision in the general education field are described, followed by a description of the clinical supervision model used by the University of…

Clifford, Jantina R.; Macy, Marisa G.; Albi, Linda D.; Bricker, Diane D.; Rahn, Naomi L.

2005-01-01