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1

Supporting the joint warfighter by development, training, and fielding of man-portable UGVs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Robotic Systems Pool (RSP), sponsored by the Joint Robotics Program (JRP), is an inventory of small robotic systems, payloads, and components intended to expedite the development and integration of technology into effective, supportable, fielded robotic assets. The RSP loans systems to multiple users including the military, first-responders, research organizations, and academia. These users provide feedback in their specific domain, accelerating research and development improvements of robotic systems, which in turn allow the joint warfighter to benefit from such changes more quickly than from traditional acquisition cycles. Over the past year, RSP assets have been used extensively for pre-deployment operator and field training of joint Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) teams, and for the training of Navy Reservist repair technicians. These Reservists are part of the Robotic Systems Combat Support Platoon (RSCSP), attached to Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center, San Diego. The RSCSP maintains and repairs RSP assets and provides deployable technical support for users of robotic systems. Currently, a small team from the RSCSP is deployed at Camp Victory repairing and maintaining man-portable unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) used by joint EOD teams in Operation Iraqi Freedom. The focus of this paper is to elaborate on the RSP and RSCSP and their role as invaluable resources for spiral development in the robotics community by gaining first-hand technical feedback from the warfighter and other users.

Ebert, Kenneth A.; Stratton, Benjamin V.

2005-05-01

2

Advanced techniques in delivering data to the warfighter in a distributed information system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The future requires military operations and intelligence communities to more heavily rely on Internet-based solutions for the delivery of MetOc data and products to the warfighter in an automated manner. These issues are being addressed by Tactical Environmental Data Services (TEDServices). TEDServices is being engineered by the Naval Research Laboratory, the Naval Oceanographic Office and the Naval Undersea Warfare Center, with sponsorship from Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command (SPAWAR) PMW-150. TEDServices was successfully demonstrated during April 2004, in FBE-Kilo, and is in transition to the US Navy this fiscal year. This paper will describe how TEDServices has been engineered to provide solutions to issues routinely confronted by warfighters. These solutions include, but are not limited to, better bandwidth usage, automated data ordering, simplification of data management, automated data transformations, forward deployed data caching, simplified integration with legacy tactical decision aids and support for joint interoperability.

Warner, Elizabeth; Ladner, Roy; Petry, Fred; Shea, John J.

2004-09-01

3

Development Of The Warfighting Architecture Requirements (War) Tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

The warfighting architecture requirements (WAR) tool extends the Department of Defense Architectural Framework (DODAF) to fill warfighting voids. It builds warfighting scenarios and documents joint capabilities integration and development system (JCIDS) elements. WAR uses DoD task lists to build scenarios attributed by doctrine, organization, training, material, leadership, personnel and facilities (DOTMLPF). These data feed a growing ontology and are managed

George F. Hurlburt

2005-01-01

4

Any information, anywhere, anytime for the warfighter  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the DARPA battlefield awareness data dissemination (BADD) program is to deliver battlefield awareness information to the warfighter -- anywhere, anytime. BADD is an advanced concept technology demonstration (ACTD) to support proof of concept technology demonstrations and experiments with a goal of introducing new technology to support the operational needs and acceptance of the warfighter. BADD's information management

Mark B. Lazaroff; Philip A. Sage

1997-01-01

5

Actionable Intelligence for the Warfighter  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. ABSTRACT Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Laboratories (LM ATL) has researched and developed Situation Understanding technologies to provide tailored, Actionable Intelligence to the individual warfighter. Situation Understanding (SU) is a core requirement of the Future Combat Systems and programs such as the Distributed Common Ground Station - Army (DCGS-A) and the Aerial Common Sensor (ACS). LM ATL has developed an

Nicholas Morizio; Sergio Gigli; Angela Pawlowski

6

Any information, anywhere, anytime for the warfighter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of the DARPA battlefield awareness data dissemination (BADD) program is to deliver battlefield awareness information to the warfighter -- anywhere, anytime. BADD is an advanced concept technology demonstration (ACTD) to support proof of concept technology demonstrations and experiments with a goal of introducing new technology to support the operational needs and acceptance of the warfighter. BADD's information management technology provides a 'smart' push of information to the users by providing information subscription services implemented via user- generated profiles. The system also provides services for warfighter pull or 'reach-back' of information via ad hoc query support. The high bandwidth delivery of informtion via the Global Broadcast System (GBS) satellites enables users to receive battlefield awareness information virtually anywhere. Very similar goals have been established for data warehousing technology -- that is, deliver the right information, to the right user, at the right time so that effective decisions can be made. In this paper, we examine the BADD Phase II architecture and underlying information management technoloyg in the context of data warehousing technology and a data warehouse reference architecture. In particular, we foucs on the BADD segment that PSR is building, the Interface to Information Sources (I2S).

Lazaroff, Mark B.; Sage, Philip A.

1997-06-01

7

Nanotechnology and its impact on communications for the warfighter  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wireless communications is a critical path technology for all future military applications. Advancements in wireless communication technologies allow war-fighters to remain mobile while providing real time access to greater amounts of information. This type of technology has changed the way soldiers communicate. The discovery of several new nanotechnology advancements that can be integrated into current wireless devices and systems will

Silke A. Spiesshoefer

2008-01-01

8

Strength training for the warfighter.  

PubMed

Optimizing strength training for the warfighter is challenged by past training philosophies that no longer serve the modern warfighter facing the "anaerobic battlefield." Training approaches for integration of strength with other needed physical capabilities have been shown to require a periodization model that has the flexibility for changes and is able to adapt to ever-changing circumstances affecting the quality of workouts. Additionally, sequencing of workouts to limit over-reaching and development of overtraining syndromes that end in loss of duty time and injury are paramount to long-term success. Allowing adequate time for rest and recovery and recognizing the negative influences of extreme exercise programs and excessive endurance training will be vital in moving physical training programs into a more modern perspective as used by elite strength-power anaerobic athletes in sports today. Because the warfighter is an elite athlete, it is time that training approaches that are scientifically based are updated within the military to match the functional demands of modern warfare and are given greater credence and value at the command levels. A needs analysis, development of periodized training modules, and individualization of programs are needed to optimize the strength of the modern warfighter. We now have the knowledge, professional coaches and nonprofit organization certifications with continuing education units, and modern training technology to allow this to happen. Ultimately, it only takes command decisions and implementation to make this possible. PMID:22643142

Kraemer, William J; Szivak, Tunde K

2012-07-01

9

Optical communication line-of-sight analysis for dismounted warfighter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Optical communications between a dismounted warfighter and his weapon-mounted scope increases warfighting capability. Since optical communication requires line-of-sight, typical movements of a dismounted warfighter during military missions and their effect on line-of-sight were investigated. Video analysis demonstrates technological transition feasibility for this application and provides the asis for future testing standards.

Geng, Jiayi; Nicholson, Gail

2013-05-01

10

Joint Institute for Advancement of Flight Sciences  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Aeroacoustics Research Program is an integral part of the Joint Institute for Advancement of Flight Sciences at The George Washington University. It is affiliated with many civil, mechanical, and environmental engineering courses, particularly those that stress theory and numerical or other analytic methods in engineering. This report lists the courses presented, the names of graduate research assistants, and bibliographic information regarding publications and presentations. Three graduate degrees were awarded and the abstracts of each dissertation is included. The dissertations were as follows: "A Numerical Investigation of Thermoacoustic Oscillations", which discusses advances in the study of acoustic phenomena through the use of computational aeroacoustics. "Computation of Vortex Shedding and Radiated Sound for a Circular Cylinder: Subcritical to Transcritical Reynolds Numbers", which discusses predicting tonal noise generated by vortex shedding from a circular cylinder. And finally, "The Radiated Field Generated by a Monopole Source in a Short, Rigid, Rectangular Duct", which develops a method for modeling the acoustic field generated by a monopole source placed in a moving rectangular duct.

1998-01-01

11

Analysis and design of advanced composite bounded joints  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Advances in the analysis of adhesive-bonded joints are presented with particular emphasis on advanced composite structures. The joints analyzed are of double-lap, single-lap, scarf, stepped-lap and tapered-lap configurations. Tensile, compressive, and in-plane shear loads are covered. In addition to the usual geometric variables, the theory accounts for the strength increases attributable to adhesive plasticity (in terms of the elastic-plastic adhesive model) and the joint strength reductions imposed by imbalances between the adherends. The solutions are largely closed-form analytical results, employing iterative solutions on a digital computer for the more complicated joint configurations. In assessing the joint efficiency, three potential failure modes are considered. These are adherend failure outside the joint, adhesive failure in shear, and adherend interlaminar tension failure (or adhesive failure in peel). Each mode is governed by a distinct mathematical analysis and each prevails throughout different ranges of geometric sizes and proportions.

Hart-Smith, L. J.

1974-01-01

12

Construction engineering robot kit: warfighter experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Construction Equipment Robot Kit (CERK) Warfighter Experiment was conducted March 17-28, 2008 at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri to assess if robotic construction equipment systems are an operationally effective and suitable means to support hasty route clearance and route remediation operations. This paper will present the findings of the Soldier testing of two different common-off-the-self (COTS) robotic kits installed on two different pieces of field construction equipment through a variety of operational vignettes. These vignettes were preformed during both day and night operations, with and without all weather gear on by Soldiers that are experienced operators of construction equipment. This paper will go into detailed analysis of the communications systems used between the robots and their operator control units (OCU) and the need to improve communications of both robotic kits. The results will show that these operations are possible to accomplish while removing the Soldier from harms way.

Theisen, Bernard L.; Richardson, Paul

2009-01-01

13

Training table to the battlefield: protein recommendations for warfighters.  

PubMed

Warfighters represent a population of athletes for whom routine training and physical expectations for military operations parallel, and very often exceed, those of their civilian counterparts. Like athletes, warfighters require nutrition support to optimize physical condition to maintain training, sustain performance, speed recovery, and prevent injury and illness. Specifically, energy and protein requirements have been tailored for these populations. Like athletes, warfighters consider protein a critical component of their diet and often incorporate protein supplements into daily diet plans. This article highlights sports nutrition principles that target energy and protein needs of athletes, considers the basis of these recommendations in the context of protein supplementation, and asserts that translating these recommendations to the warfighter is appropriate and necessary. The recommended range of protein intake of 1.2-1.8 g · kg (- 1) · d (- 1) can be extended to the warfighter. Because energy balance is pivotal to optimal protein utilization, adequate energy intake or lack thereof such that a state of negative energy balance exists, should be given particular consideration for the warfighter. Routine protein supplementation is recommended to reduce protein breakdown, support protein synthesis, and promote a positive net protein balance throughout various deployment situations and when energy intake is insufficient. PMID:24027183

Rodriguez, Nancy R

2013-11-01

14

Recent advances in computational mechanics of the human knee joint.  

PubMed

Computational mechanics has been advanced in every area of orthopedic biomechanics. The objective of this paper is to provide a general review of the computational models used in the analysis of the mechanical function of the knee joint in different loading and pathological conditions. Major review articles published in related areas are summarized first. The constitutive models for soft tissues of the knee are briefly discussed to facilitate understanding the joint modeling. A detailed review of the tibiofemoral joint models is presented thereafter. The geometry reconstruction procedures as well as some critical issues in finite element modeling are also discussed. Computational modeling can be a reliable and effective method for the study of mechanical behavior of the knee joint, if the model is constructed correctly. Single-phase material models have been used to predict the instantaneous load response for the healthy knees and repaired joints, such as total and partial meniscectomies, ACL and PCL reconstructions, and joint replacements. Recently, poromechanical models accounting for fluid pressurization in soft tissues have been proposed to study the viscoelastic response of the healthy and impaired knee joints. While the constitutive modeling has been considerably advanced at the tissue level, many challenges still exist in applying a good material model to three-dimensional joint simulations. A complete model validation at the joint level seems impossible presently, because only simple data can be obtained experimentally. Therefore, model validation may be concentrated on the constitutive laws using multiple mechanical tests of the tissues. Extensive model verifications at the joint level are still crucial for the accuracy of the modeling. PMID:23509602

Kazemi, M; Dabiri, Y; Li, L P

2013-01-01

15

Recent Advances in Computational Mechanics of the Human Knee Joint  

PubMed Central

Computational mechanics has been advanced in every area of orthopedic biomechanics. The objective of this paper is to provide a general review of the computational models used in the analysis of the mechanical function of the knee joint in different loading and pathological conditions. Major review articles published in related areas are summarized first. The constitutive models for soft tissues of the knee are briefly discussed to facilitate understanding the joint modeling. A detailed review of the tibiofemoral joint models is presented thereafter. The geometry reconstruction procedures as well as some critical issues in finite element modeling are also discussed. Computational modeling can be a reliable and effective method for the study of mechanical behavior of the knee joint, if the model is constructed correctly. Single-phase material models have been used to predict the instantaneous load response for the healthy knees and repaired joints, such as total and partial meniscectomies, ACL and PCL reconstructions, and joint replacements. Recently, poromechanical models accounting for fluid pressurization in soft tissues have been proposed to study the viscoelastic response of the healthy and impaired knee joints. While the constitutive modeling has been considerably advanced at the tissue level, many challenges still exist in applying a good material model to three-dimensional joint simulations. A complete model validation at the joint level seems impossible presently, because only simple data can be obtained experimentally. Therefore, model validation may be concentrated on the constitutive laws using multiple mechanical tests of the tissues. Extensive model verifications at the joint level are still crucial for the accuracy of the modeling. PMID:23509602

Kazemi, M.; Dabiri, Y.; Li, L. P.

2013-01-01

16

Joint Institute for Advancement of Flight Sciences  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The program objectives were defined in the original proposal entitled "Program of Research in Flight Dynamics in the JIAFS at NASA Langley Research Center" which was originated March 20, 1975, and in yearly renewals of the research program dated December 1, 1979 to December 1, 1998. The program included three major topics: 1) Improvement of existing methods and development of new methods for flight and wind tunnel data analysis based on system identification methodology. 2) Application of these methods to flight and wind tunnel data obtained from advanced aircraft. 3) Modeling and control of aircraft, space structures and spacecraft. The principal investigator of the program was Dr. Vladislav Klein, Professor at The George Washington University, Washington, D.C.. Thirty-seven Graduate Research Scholar Assistants, two of them doctoral students, also participated in the program. The results of the research conducted during nineteen years of the total co-operative period were published in 23 NASA technical reports, 2 D.Sc. Dissertations, 14 M.S. Theses and 33 papers. The list of these publications is included. The results were also reported in more than 30 seminar lectures presented at various research establishments world-wide. For contributions to the research supported by the co-operative agreement, three NASA Awards were received: 1) NASA LARC Group Achievement Award, May 30, 1990, to Dr. V. Klein as a member of the X-29 Drop Model Team. 2) NASA Medal for Exceptional Engineering Achievement, March 27, 1992, to Dr. V. Klein for innovative contributions in the development of advanced techniques and computer programs in the field of system identification. 3) NASA LaRC Team Excellence Award, May 7, 1994, to Dr. V. Klein as a member of the X-31 Drop Model Team.

1998-01-01

17

Development of a comprehensive logistics and warfighting simulation system.  

SciTech Connect

An efficient logistics system is critical to the success of military operations. Recently, the Department of Defense (DoD) has begun to move from a ''just in case'' logistics system that relies on large stores of inventoried materials toward a ''just in time'' system based on obtaining and delivering supplies when and where they are needed. For this new logistics concept to operate smoothly and responsively and be highly robust, one must understand the interrelationships between warfighting and logistics, such as the impact of losses of logistics links/nodes and the changing pace of warfighting operations. Two DoD programs, the Distributed Intelligent Agents for Logistics (DIAL) and the Warfighting Logistics Technology and Assessment Environment (WLTAE), are focusing on different aspects of this problem. These programs are being integrated to develop a Comprehensive Logistics and Warfighting System (CLAWS) that can be used to address a variety of different logistics applications in the military arena. In this paper, we describe how CLAWS will be developed, including the development of a generalized Federation Object Model that could be used in a variety of logistics and military operations applications.

Hummel, J. R.

1998-08-12

18

Toward a warfighter's associate: eliminating the operator control unit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In addition to the challenges of equipping a mobile robot with the appropriate sensors, actuators, and processing electronics necessary to perform some useful function, there coexists the equally important challenge of effectively controlling the system"s desired actions. This need is particularly critical if the intent is to operate in conjunction with human forces in a military application, as any low-level distractions can seriously reduce a warfighter"s chances of survival in hostile environments. Historically there can be seen a definitive trend towards making the robot smarter in order to reduce the control burden on the operator, and while much progress has been made in laboratory prototypes, all equipment deployed in theatre to date has been strictly teleoperated. There exists a definite tradeoff between the value added by the robot, in terms of how it contributes to the performance of the mission, and the loss of effectiveness associated with the operator control unit. From a command-and-control perspective, the ultimate goal would be to eliminate the need for a separate robot controller altogether, since it represents an unwanted burden and potential liability from the operator"s perspective. This paper introduces the long-term concept of a supervised autonomous Warfighter"s Associate, which employs a natural-language interface for communication with (and oversight by) its human counterpart. More realistic near-term solutions to achieve intermediate success are then presented, along with actual results to date. The primary application discussed is military, but the concept also applies to law enforcement, space exploration, and search-and-rescue scenarios.

Everett, Hobart R.; Pacis, Estrellina B.; Kogut, Greg; Farrington, Nathan M.; Khurana, S.

2004-12-01

19

Design, fabrication and test of graphite/polyimide composite joints and attachments for advanced aerospace vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of several types of graphite/polyimide (GR/PI) bonded and bolted joints is reported. The program consists of two concurrent tasks: (1) design and test of specific built up attachments; and (2) evaluation of standard advanced bonded joint concepts. A data base for the design and analysis of advanced composite joints for use at elevated temperatures (561K (550 deg F)) to design concepts for specific joining applications, and the fundamental parameters controlling the static strength characteristics of such joints are evaluated. Data for design and build GR/PI of lightly loaded flight components for advanced space transportation systems and high speed aircraft are presented. Results for compression and interlaminar shear strengths of Celion 6000/PMR-15 laminates are given. Static discriminator test results for type 3 and type 4 bonded and bolted joints and final joint designs for TASK 1.4 scale up fabrication and testing are presented.

1981-01-01

20

The analysis of adhesively bonded advanced composite joints using joint finite elements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The design and sizing of adhesively bonded joints has always been a major bottleneck in the design of composite vehicles. Dense finite element (FE) meshes are required to capture the full behavior of a joint numerically, but these dense meshes are impractical in vehicle-scale models where a course mesh is more desirable to make quick assessments and comparisons of different joint geometries. Analytical models are often helpful in sizing, but difficulties arise in coupling these models with full-vehicle FE models. Therefore, a joint FE was created which can be used within structural FE models to make quick assessments of bonded composite joints. The shape functions of the joint FE were found by solving the governing equations for a structural model for a joint. By analytically determining the shape functions of the joint FE, the complex joint behavior can be captured with very few elements. This joint FE was modified and used to consider adhesives with functionally graded material properties to reduce the peel stress concentrations located near adherend discontinuities. Several practical concerns impede the actual use of such adhesives. These include increased manufacturing complications, alterations to the grading due to adhesive flow during manufacturing, and whether changing the loading conditions significantly impact the effectiveness of the grading. An analytical study is conducted to address these three concerns. Furthermore, proof-of-concept testing is conducted to show the potential advantages of functionally graded adhesives. In this study, grading is achieved by strategically placing glass beads within the adhesive layer at different densities along the joint. Furthermore, the capability to model non-linear adhesive constitutive behavior with large rotations was developed, and progressive failure of the adhesive was modeled by re-meshing the joint as the adhesive fails. Results predicted using the joint FE was compared with experimental results for various joint configurations, including double cantilever beam and single lap joints.

Stapleton, Scott E.

21

The Analysis of Adhesively Bonded Advanced Composite Joints Using Joint Finite Elements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design and sizing of adhesively bonded joints has always been a major bottleneck in the design of composite vehicles. Dense finite element (FE) meshes are required to capture the full behavior of a joint numerically, but these dense meshes are impractical in vehicle-scale models where a course mesh is more desirable to make quick assessments and comparisons of different joint geometries. Analytical models are often helpful in sizing, but difficulties arise in coupling these models with full-vehicle FE models. Therefore, a joint FE was created which can be used within structural FE models to make quick assessments of bonded composite joints. The shape functions of the joint FE were found by solving the governing equations for a structural model for a joint. By analytically determining the shape functions of the joint FE, the complex joint behavior can be captured with very few elements. This joint FE was modified and used to consider adhesives with functionally graded material properties to reduce the peel stress concentrations located near adherend discontinuities. Several practical concerns impede the actual use of such adhesives. These include increased manufacturing complications, alterations to the grading due to adhesive flow during manufacturing, and whether changing the loading conditions significantly impact the effectiveness of the grading. An analytical study is conducted to address these three concerns. Furthermore, proof-of-concept testing is conducted to show the potential advantages of functionally graded adhesives. In this study, grading is achieved by strategically placing glass beads within the adhesive layer at different densities along the joint. Furthermore, the capability to model non-linear adhesive constitutive behavior with large rotations was developed, and progressive failure of the adhesive was modeled by re-meshing the joint as the adhesive fails. Results predicted using the joint FE was compared with experimental results for various joint configurations, including double cantilever beam and single lap joints.

Stapleton, Scott E.; Waas, Anthony M.

2012-01-01

22

Design, fabrication and test of graphite/polyimide composite joints and attachments for advanced aerospace vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design and evaluation of built-up attachments and bonded joint concepts for use at elevated temperatures is documented. Joint concept screening, verification of GR/PI material, fabrication of design allowables panels, definition of test matrices, and analysis of bonded and bolted joints are among the tasks completed. The results provide data for the design and fabrication of lightly loaded components for advanced space transportation systems and high speed aircraft.

Koumal, D. E.

1979-01-01

23

Utah-Inha Joint Research Center on Drug Delivery Systems & Advanced Therapeutics  

E-print Network

treatment and trials center, and preclinical research facilities at Inha University Hospital, Incheon, KoreaUtah-Inha Joint Research Center on Drug Delivery Systems & Advanced Therapeutics Inha University Hospital http://www.unidds.com MISSION AND VISION: The Utah-Inha Joint Research Center on Drug Delivery

Tipple, Brett

24

Advanced blood management strategies for elective joint arthroplasty.  

PubMed

There is a high prevalence of anemia detected in the preoperative work-up of elective surgical patients preparing for total joint replacement. The impact of anemia in this population has significant implications due to elevations in postoperative morbidity and mortality. By using current clinical guidelines and medical evidence, clinicians can improve outcomes for these patients by employing a three-phase approach, focused on preoperative assessment, intraoperative hemostasis, and postoperative blood product management. Strategies to optimize preoperative hemoglobin levels, reduce intraoperative blood losses, and decrease postoperative transfusion rates can independently and collectively improve overall patient care and surgical outcomes following lower extremity total joint arthroplasty. PMID:23641434

Layton, Jodi L; Rubin, Lee E; Sweeney, Joseph D

2013-03-01

25

Joints  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hinge joints move only in one direction, ball-and-socket joints are free to rotate in all directions, and gliding joints are able to move forward, backward, and side to side, but do not rotate freely.

Olivia Worland (Purdue University; Biological Sciences)

2008-06-06

26

Individual warfighter effectiveness and survivability in a CBRN threat environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effort described in this paper attempts to enhance the state-of-the-art to model high-fidelity (hi-fi) dismounted infantry interactions with a realistic Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear (CBRN) hazard. There is limited CBRN Modeling & Simulation (M&S) capability for research, training and doctrine development. Although numerous ground and plume hazards simulations exist, few model the entire problem space. To this end, the following three hi-fi simulations were federated: 1) The Infantry Warrior Simulation (IWARS); 2) The Command Control, and Communications Human Performance Model (C3HPM); and, 3) The CBRN Simulation Suite via High Level Architecture (HLA) using the Modeling Architecture for Technology, Research and EXperimentation (MATREX) architecture. The goal of this federation is to provide an integrated capability that will allow analysis of CBRN sensors and Warfighter protective equipment in the context of a complex battlefield environment with dismounted infantry missions/tactics. The IWARS provides representation of dismounted entities and their decisions/physical tasks in a battlefield environment. The C3HPM provides task degradation data due to presence of various CBRN threats and due to wearing of CBRN protective equipment. The CBRN Sim Suite provides dynamic threat events/propagation, high fidelity CBRN sensor representations with tactical message output, CBRN injury based on exposure dosage/concentration and entity protection.

Schleper, Roger; Gaughan, Chris; Kierzewski, Michael O.; Dunmire, Carolyn; Salvi, Luci; Fann, Joey; Kellihan, Bret

2010-04-01

27

Warfighter information services: lessons learned in the intelligence domain  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A vision was presented in a previous paper of how a common set of services within a framework could be used to provide all the information processing needs of Warfighters. Central to that vision was the concept of a "Virtual Knowledge Base". The paper presents an implementation of these ideas in the intelligence domain. Several innovative technologies were employed in the solution, which are presented and their benefits explained. The project was successful, validating many of the design principles for such a system which had been proposed in earlier work. Many of these principles are discussed in detail, explaining lessons learned. The results showed that it is possible to make vast improvements in the ability to exploit available data, making it discoverable and queryable wherever it is from anywhere within a participating network; and to exploit machine reasoning to make faster and better inferences from available data, enabling human analysts to spend more of their time doing more difficult analytical tasks rather than searching for relevant data. It was also demonstrated that a small number of generic Information Processing services can be combined and configured in a variety of ways (without changing any software code) to create "fact-processing" workflows, in this case to create different intelligence analysis capabilities. It is yet to be demonstrated that the same generic services can be reused to create analytical/situational awareness capabilities for logistics, operations, planning or other military functions but this is considered likely.

Bray, S. E.

2014-05-01

28

Advancing critical care: joint combat casualty research team and joint theater trauma system.  

PubMed

Despite the severity and complexity of injuries, survival rates among combat casualties are equal to or better than those from civilian trauma. This article summarizes the evidence regarding innovations from the battlefield that contribute to these extraordinary survival rates, including preventing hemorrhage with the use of tourniquets and hemostatic dressings, damage control resuscitation, and the rapid evacuation of casualties via MEDEVAC and the US Air Force Critical Care Air Transport Teams. Care in the air for critically injured casualties with pulmonary injuries and traumatic brain injury is discussed to demonstrate the unique considerations required to ensure safe en route care. Innovations being studied to decrease sequelae associated with complex orthopedic and extremity trauma are also presented. The role and contributions of the Joint Combat Casualty Research Team and the Joint Theater Trauma System are also discussed. PMID:20683227

Bridges, Elizabeth; Biever, Kimberlie

2010-01-01

29

Virtual Welded - Joint Design Integrating Advanced Materials and Processing Technology  

SciTech Connect

Virtual Welede-Joint Design, a systematic modeling approach, has been developed in this project to predict the relationship of welding process, microstructure, properties, residual stress, and the ultimate weld fatique strength. This systematic modeling approach was applied in the welding of high strength steel. A special welding wire was developed in this project to introduce compressive residual stress at weld toe. The results from both modeling and experiments demonstrated that more than 10x fatique life improvement can be acheived in high strength steel welds by the combination of compressive residual stress from the special welding wire and the desired weld bead shape from a unique welding process. The results indicate a technology breakthrough in the design of lightweight and high fatique performance welded structures using high strength steels.

Yang, Zhishang; Ludewig, Howard W.; Babu, S. Suresh

2005-06-30

30

Advances in Zirconia Toughened Alumina Biomaterials for Total Joint Replacement  

PubMed Central

The objective of this article is to provide an up-to-date overview of zirconia-toughened alumina (ZTA) components used in total hip arthroplasties. The structure, mechanical properties, and available data regarding the clinical performance of ZTA are summarized. The advancements that have been made in understanding the in vivo performance of ZTA are investigated. This article concludes with a discussion of gaps in the literature related to ceramic biomaterials and avenues for future research. PMID:23746930

Kurtz, Steven M.; Kocagöz, Sevi; Arnholt, Christina; Huet, Roland; Ueno, Masaru; Walter, William L.

2014-01-01

31

Joint crisis plans and psychiatric advance directives in German psychiatric practice.  

PubMed

This study explores the attitude of German psychiatrists in leading positions towards joint crisis plans and psychiatric advance directives. This topic was examined by contacting 473 medical directors of German psychiatric hospitals and departments. They were asked to complete a questionnaire developed by us. That form contained questions about the incidence and acceptance of joint crisis plans and psychiatric advance directives and previous experiences with them. 108 medical directors of psychiatric hospitals and departments responded (response rate: 22.8%). Their answers demonstrate that in their hospitals these documents are rarely used. Among the respondents, joint crisis plans are more accepted than psychiatric advance directives. There is a certain uncertainty when dealing with these instruments. Our main conclusion is that German psychiatry needs an intensified discussion on the use of instruments for patients to constitute procedures for future critical psychiatric events. For this purpose it will be helpful to collect more empirical data. Furthermore, the proposal of joint crisis plans in psychiatric hospitals and departments should be discussed as well as the possibility of consulting an expert during the preparation of a psychiatric advance directive. PMID:23793058

Radenbach, Katrin; Falkai, Peter; Weber-Reich, Traudel; Simon, Alfred

2014-05-01

32

Mechanical testing and development of the helical field coil joint for the Advanced Toroidal Facility  

SciTech Connect

The helical field (HF) coil set for the Advanced Toroidal Facility (ATF) is an M = 12, l = 2, constant-ratio torsatron winding consisting of 2 coils, each with 14 turns of heavy copper conductor. The coils are divided into 24 identical segments to facilitate fabrication and minimize the assembly schedule. The segments are connected across through-bolted lap joints that must carry up to 124,000 A per turn for 5 s or 62,500 A steady-state. In addition, the joints must carry the high magnetic and thermal loads induced in the conductor and still fit within the basic 140- by 30-mm copper envelope. Extensive testing and development were undertaken to verify and refine the basic joint design. Tests included assembly force and clamping force for various types of misalignment; joint resistance as a function of clamping force; clamp bolt relaxation due to thermal cycling; fatigue testing of full-size, multiturn joint prototypes; and low-cycle fatigue and tensile tests of annealed CDA102 copper. The required performance parameters and actual test results, as well as the final joint configuration, are presented. 2 refs., 9 figs., 4 tabs.

Nelson, B.E.; Bryan, W.E.; Goranson, P.L.; Warwick, J.E.

1985-01-01

33

Oil shale, tar sand, coal research advanced exploratory process technology, jointly sponsored research  

SciTech Connect

Accomplishments for the past quarter are presented for the following five tasks: oil shale; tar sand; coal; advanced exploratory process technology; and jointly sponsored research. Oil shale research covers oil shale process studies. Tar sand research is on process development of Recycle Oil Pyrolysis and Extraction (ROPE) Process. Coal research covers: coal combustion; integrated coal processing concepts; and solid waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology includes: advanced process concepts;advanced mitigation concepts; and oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research includes: organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; CROW field demonstration with Bell Lumber and Pole; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; PGI demonstration project; operation and evaluation of the CO[sub 2] HUFF-N-PUFF Process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid state NMR analysis of Mesaverde Group, Greater Green River Basin, tight gas sands; flow-loop testing of double-wall pipe for thermal applications; characterization of petroleum residue; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced oil recovery techniques; surface process study for oil recovery using a thermal extraction process; NMR analysis of samples from the ocean drilling program; in situ treatment of manufactured gas plant contaminated soils demonstration program; and solid state NMR analysis of naturally and artificially matured kerogens.

Speight, J.G.

1992-01-01

34

Oil shale, tar sand, coal research, advanced exploratory process technology jointly sponsored research  

SciTech Connect

Accomplishments for the quarter are presented for the following areas of research: oil shale, tar sand, coal, advanced exploratory process technology, and jointly sponsored research. Oil shale research includes; oil shale process studies, environmental base studies for oil shale, and miscellaneous basic concept studies. Tar sand research covers process development. Coal research includes; underground coal gasification, coal combustion, integrated coal processing concepts, and solid waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology includes; advanced process concepts, advanced mitigation concepts, and oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research includes: organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; operation and evaluation of the CO[sub 2] HUFF-N-PUFF Process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid state NMR analysis of Mesa Verde Group, Greater Green River Basin, tight gas sands; flow-loop testing of double-wall pipe for thermal applications; characterization of petroleum residue; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced recovery techniques; and menu driven access to the WDEQ Hydrologic Data Management Systems.

Not Available

1992-01-01

35

CLEO and VMOC: enabling warfighters to task space payloads  

Microsoft Academic Search

CLEO, the Cisco router in low Earth orbit, is a secondary experimental payload onboard the UK-DMC disaster-monitoring consortium remote-sensing small satellite built by Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd (SSTL). That router in space, its mobile networking capabilities, and the satellite's imaging capabilities have been proven as part of a demonstration and evaluation of VMOC, the Virtual Mission Operations Center, a joint

Lloyd Wood; Dan Shell; Will Ivancic; Brett Conner; Eric Miller; Dave Stewart; Dave Hodgson

2005-01-01

36

A severe case of erythrodermic psoriasis associated with advanced nail and joint manifestations: a case report  

PubMed Central

Introduction Erythrodermic psoriasis is a rare generalized clinical presentation of psoriasis in children and adults. Its systemic involvement and a diverse range of clinical findings in the joint and nails are commonly described. A high index of suspicion and an exhaustive differential diagnosis involving other causes of erythroderma should be initially considered. Case presentation We present the case of a 9-year-old native Hispanic girl with severe erythrodermic psoriasis associated with uncommon advanced nail and joint manifestations. Our patient showed an excellent response to methotrexate medication. Conclusion This case shows clinical features not commonly described or reported in severe cases of erythrodermic psoriasis, including severe and rare nail and arthritic findings in a pediatric scenario. PMID:20550707

2010-01-01

37

Environmental Space Situational Awareness and Joint Space Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is well known that successful military operations rely on our ability to effectively integrate weather information into the planning and execution of land, air and sea operations. What is not so well known are the implications of environmental effects on space capabilities and the subsequent impact on the delivery of joint space effects to the warfighter. This paper provides

K. Hand

2006-01-01

38

Oil shale, tar sand, coal research, advanced exploratory process technology, jointly sponsored research  

SciTech Connect

Progress made in five research programs is described. The subtasks in oil shale study include oil shale process studies and unconventional applications and markets for western oil shale.The tar sand study is on recycle oil pyrolysis and extraction (ROPE) process. Four tasks are described in coal research: underground coal gasification; coal combustion; integrated coal processing concepts; and sold waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology includes: advanced process concepts; advanced mitigation concepts; and oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research covers: organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; CROW field demonstration with Bell Lumber and Pole; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; PGI demonstration project; operation and evaluation of the CO[sub 2] HUFF-N-PUFF process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid state NMR analysis of Mesaverde group, Greater Green River Basin, tight gas sands; flow-loop testing of double-wall pipe for thermal applications; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced oil recovery techniques; NMR analysis of sample from the ocean drilling program; and menu driven access to the WDEQ hydrologic data management system.

Not Available

1992-01-01

39

Preproduction display R&D facility: a framework for developing flexible display systems reducing the war-fighters' load  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is an ever increasing need for lightweight, flexible, inexpensive integrated systems encompassing displays, sensors, computers, and other electronics to provide unprecedented information capability to a broad range of war-fighters. During the next few years, a team of experts will be engaged in an intensive development program pursuing a two-pronged goal: (1) to integrate and fabricate reflective and emissive systems such as organic light emitting devices on flexible substrates including plastics, and (2) to develop materials and structural platforms that allow flexible backplane electronics to be integrated with ancillaries and display components, as well as to be mass-produced economically. An underlying theme of this effort continues to be leveraging emerging processing techniques, for example a-Si and poly-Si thin film transistor (TFT) technologies, but also advanced micro-contact pattern transfer techniques for producing low cost product with molecular structures for combined communication and electronic appliances. The initial technology integration target is a 4" diagonal active matrix QVGA display on conformal plastic substrates. These advanced developments will be realized through a unique collaborative effort between the U.S. Army, Arizona State University (ASU) in close collaboration with its academic partners, and industry partners, who are united in our shared commitment to optimize the necessary production technologies for large area/large scale, low cost, cutting-edge display products and state-of-the-art manufacturing capabilities. The newly formed Flexible Display Center (FDC) at Arizona State University provides a one-of-a-kind environment fully dedicated to fulfill the major technical challenges not addressed by display manufacturers producing glass-based flat panel displays.

Zenhausern, Frederick; Raupp, Gregory B.

2004-09-01

40

Remote sentry advanced technology demonstration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experiences in Operational Desert Shield and Desert Storm revealed deficiencies in several areas of major importance in the post-Cold Ware era. Early entry forces must be provided with improved warfighting capabilities, especially against heavy armor, without affecting their deployability. The Rapid Force Projection Initiative (RFPI) Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD) is tasked with addressing this deficiency. The RFPI ACTD features

Joseph A. Brooks; Michael A. Gallo

1996-01-01

41

United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine: Warfighter research focusing on the past 25 years.  

PubMed

The United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine (USARIEM) celebrated its 50th anniversary on July 1, 2011. This article reviews its history, evolution, and transition of its research programs as well as its scientific and military accomplishments, emphasizing the past 25 yr. During the 1990s, USARIEM published a series of pocket guides providing guidance for sustaining Warfighter health and performance in Southwest Asia, Somalia, the former Republic of Yugoslavia, Rwanda, and Haiti. Issues identified during Operation Desert Storm elicited research that improved nutritional guidelines for protracted desert operations; safer use of nuclear, chemical, and biological protective clothing; equipment, development, and fielding of efficient microclimate cooling systems; and effective evaluation of pharmaceuticals to protect soldiers from chemical and biological threats. During the first decade of the 21st century, USARIEM and the Department of the Army published official medical/performance doctrines for operations in the heat and cold and at high altitude. The current Global War on Terrorism focused research to improve doctrines for hot, cold, and high-altitude operations, reduce musculoskeletal training injuries, provide improved field nutrition, more efficient planning for operational water requirements, and improve both military clothing and materiel. This article also describes the critically important interactions and communications between USARIEM and deployed units and the benefits to Warfighters from this association. This report presents USARIEM's unique and world-class facilities, organizational changes, scientific and support personnel, and major research accomplishments, including the publication of 2,200 scientific papers over the past 25 yr. PMID:22139770

Pandolf, Kent B; Francesconi, Ralph; Sawka, Michael N; Cymerman, Allen; Hoyt, Reed W; Young, Andrew J; Zambraski, Edward J

2011-12-01

42

Temporomandibular Joint Condylar Changes Following Maxillomandibular Advancement and Articular Disc Repositioning  

PubMed Central

Purpose To evaluate condylar changes 1 year after bimaxillary surgical advancement with or without articular disc repositioning using longitudinal quantitative measurements in 3-dimensional (3D) temporomandibular joint (TMJ) models. Methods Twenty-seven patients treated with maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) underwent cone-beam computed tomography before surgery immediately after surgery and at 1-year follow-up. All patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging before surgery to assess disc displacements. Ten patients without disc displacement received MMA only. Seventeen patients with articular disc displacement received MMA with simultaneous TMJ disc repositioning (MMA-Drep). Pre- and postsurgical 3D models were superimposed using a voxel-based registration on the cranial base. Results The location, direction, and magnitude of condylar changes were displayed and quantified by graphic semitransparent overlays and 3D color-coded surface distance maps. Rotational condylar displacements were similar in the 2 groups. Immediately after surgery, condylar translational displacements of at least 1.5 mm occurred in a posterior, superior, or mediolateral direction in patients treated with MMA, whereas patients treated with MMA-Drep presented more marked anterior, inferior, and mediolateral condylar displacements. One year after surgery, more than half the patients in the 2 groups presented condylar resorptive changes of at least 1.5 mm. Patients treated with MMA-Drep presented condylar bone apposition of at least 1.5 mm at the superior surface in 26.4%, the anterior surface in 23.4%, the posterior surface in 29.4%, the medial surface in 5.9%, or the lateral surface in 38.2%, whereas bone apposition was not observed in patients treated with MMA. Conclusions One year after surgery, condylar resorptive changes greater than 1.5 mm were observed in the 2 groups. Articular disc repositioning facilitated bone apposition in localized condylar regions in patients treated with MMA-Drep. PMID:24040949

Goncalves, Joao Roberto; Wolford, Larry Miller; Cassano, Daniel Serra; da Porciuncula, Guilherme; Paniagua, Beatriz; Cevidanes, Lucia Helena

2014-01-01

43

Design fabrication and test of graphite/polyimide composite joints and attachments for advanced aerospace vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Graphite/polyimide (Gr/PI) bolted and bonded joints were investigated. Possible failure modes and the design loads for the four generic joint types are discussed. Preliminary sizing of a type 1 joint, bonded and bolted configuration is described, including assumptions regarding material properties and sizing methodology. A general purpose finite element computer code is described that was formulated to analyze single and double lap joints, with and without tapered adherends, and with user-controlled variable element size arrangements. An initial order of Celion 6000/PMR-15 prepreg was received and characterized.

1979-01-01

44

Joint force protection advanced security system (JFPASS) "the future of force protection: integrate and automate"  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The United States Department of Defense (DoD) defines 'force protection' as "preventive measures taken to mitigate hostile actions against DoD personnel (to include family members), resources, facilities, and critical information." Advanced technologies enable significant improvements in automating and distributing situation awareness, optimizing operator time, and improving sustainability, which enhance protection and lower costs. The JFPASS Joint Capability Technology Demonstration (JCTD) demonstrates a force protection environment that combines physical security and Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosive (CBRNE) defense through the application of integrated command and control and data fusion. The JFPASS JCTD provides a layered approach to force protection by integrating traditional sensors used in physical security, such as video cameras, battlefield surveillance radars, unmanned and unattended ground sensors. The optimization of human participation and automation of processes is achieved by employment of unmanned ground vehicles, along with remotely operated lethal and less-than-lethal weapon systems. These capabilities are integrated via a tailorable, user-defined common operational picture display through a data fusion engine operating in the background. The combined systems automate the screening of alarms, manage the information displays, and provide assessment and response measures. The data fusion engine links disparate sensors and systems, and applies tailored logic to focus the assessment of events. It enables timely responses by providing the user with automated and semi-automated decision support tools. The JFPASS JCTD uses standard communication/data exchange protocols, which allow the system to incorporate future sensor technologies or communication networks, while maintaining the ability to communicate with legacy or existing systems.

Lama, Carlos E.; Fagan, Joe E.

2009-09-01

45

Advances in the analysis and design of adhesive-bonded joints in composite aerospace structures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Several aspects of adhesive-bonded joint analysis and design are presented from the reference of size of structure or load intensity. This integrates the individual characterizations of double-lap, single-lap, stepped-lap, tapered-lap and scarf joints. The paper includes an overview of bonded joint selection from the standpoints of design, fabrication, and processing, each bearing in mind the influence of such considerations on the strength of the joint. A case study is presented of the optimization of a specific relatively thick titanium-to-graphite epoxy stepped-lap joint, using the digital computer analysis program A4EG. The factors accounted for are adhesive plasticity, adherend stiffness imbalance, adherend thermal mismatch, and change of material properties within the range of temperature environment and with load direction. The strength increases obtainable by refining the initial design are demonstrated.

Hart-Smith, L. J.

1974-01-01

46

Design, fabrication and test of graphite/polyimide composite joints and attachments for advanced aerospace vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Bonded and bolted designs are presented for each of four major attachment types. Prepreg processing problems are discussed and quality control data are given for lots 2W4604, 2W4632 and 2W4643. Preliminary design allowables test results for tension tests and compression tests of laminates are included. The final small specimen test matrix is defined and the configuration of symmetric step-lap joint specimens are shown. Finite element modeling studies of a double lap joint were performed to evaluate the number of elements required through the adhesive thickness to assess effects of various joint parameters on stress distributions. Results of finite element analyses assessing the effect of an adhesive fillet on the stress distribution in a double lap joint are examined.

Skoumal, D. E.

1980-01-01

47

HYDROGEN STORAGE SOLUTIONS IN SUPPORT OF DOD WARFIGHTER PORTABLE POWER APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect

From Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) to cell phones our high-tech world, today, is demanding smaller, lighter weight and higher capacity portable power devices. Nowhere has this personal power surge been more evident than in today's U.S Warfighter. The modern Warfighter is estimated to carry from 65 to 95 pounds of supplies in the field with over 30 pounds of this dedicated to portable power devices. These devices include computer displays, infrared sights, Global Positioning Systems (GPS), night vision and a variety of other sensor technologies. Over 80% of the energy needed to power these devices comes from primary (disposable) batteries. It is estimated that a brigade will consume as much as 7 tons of batteries in a 72 hour mission at a cost of $700,000. A recent comprehensive study on the energy needs of the future warrior published by the National Academy of Science in 2004 made a variety of recommendations for average power systems from 20 to 1,000 watts. For lower power systems recommendations included pursuing science and technology initiatives focused on: (1) 300 watt-hours per kilogram (Wh/kg) secondary battery technologies; (2) smart hybrids; and (3) fuel cells (with greater than 6 wt% hydrogen storage). Improved secondary (rechargeable) batteries may be the ideal solution for military power systems due to their ease of use and public acceptance. However, a 3X improvement in their specific energy density is not likely anytime soon. Today's Lithium Ion batteries, at about 150 Wh/kg, fall well short of the energy density that is required. Future battery technology may not be the answer since many experts do not predict more than a 2X improvement in Lithium battery systems over the next 10 years. That is why most auto companies have abandoned all electric vehicles in favor of fuel cells and hybrid vehicles. Fuel cells have very high specific energy densities but achieving high energy values will depend on the energy density and the storage method of its fuel. Improved methods of safely and efficiently storing larger amounts of hydrogen will be a key development area for portable fuel cell power systems. Despite their high potential energy, fuel cells exhibit low power densities. That is why many systems today are going hybrid. Hybrid systems typically combine low energy and high power components with high energy and low power components. Typical configurations include capacitors and fuel cells or batteries and fuel cells. If done correctly, a hybrid system often can have both high energy and high power density even higher than any of the individual components.

Motyka, T.

2009-01-06

48

Joint IAMAS/IAHS Symposium J1 on Global Monitoring and Advanced Observing Techniques in the Atmosphere and Hydrosphere  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Seventy papers were presented at the two-and-a-half-day Symposium on Global Monitoring and Advanced Observing Techniques in the Atmosphere and Hydrosphere. The symposium was jointly organized by the International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences (IAMAS) and the International Association of Hydrological Sciences (IAHS). Global observing systems are receiving increased attention in connection with such problems as monitoring global climate change. The symposium included papers on observational requirements; measurement methodologies; descriptions of available datasets; results of analysis of observational data; plans for future observing systems, including the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) and the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS); and the programs and plans of the space agencies.

Ohring, G.; Aoki, T.; Halpern D.; Henderson-Sellers, A.; Charlock, T.; Joseph, J.; Labitzke, K.; Raschke, E.; Smith, W.

1994-01-01

49

AFWA Space Weather Operations: Specifying and Forecasting the Operational Environment for the Warfighter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effects of space weather on modern military systems can range from mere annoyances to catastrophic system outages and failures. Knowing the timing and severity of mission-impacting space weather is crucial to mitigating and overcoming its effects. The 2nd Weather Squadron's Space Weather Flight at the Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA) faces the daily challenge of forecasting space weather to support US warfighters and other DoD customers. The forecaster's success depends on the combined efforts of other AFWA personnel involved in technology transition and space weather program management to deliver the latest technology to operations. As the DoD lead for space weather, AFWA provides timely, accurate, and relevant space weather data and forecasts. This presentation will give an overview of infrastructure that makes this possible, highlight the current state of the GAIM and HAF models, and explore future required capabilities. A new delivery of the Global Assimilation of Ionospheric Measurements (GAIM) model is on the horizon, as well as the delivery of the Space Weather Modeling System (SWMS), the first coupled solar wind-ionospheric model in operations. This will enhance the quality of the GAIM forecast out to 5 days.

Reich, J. P.; Davis, B. L.; Sattler, M. P.

2008-12-01

50

A severe case of erythrodermic psoriasis associated with advanced nail and joint manifestations: a case report  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: Erythrodermic psoriasis is a rare generalized clinical presentation of psoriasis in children and adults. Its systemic involvement and a diverse range of clinical findings in the joint and nails are commonly described. A high index of suspicion and an exhaustive differential diagnosis involving other causes of erythroderma should be initially considered. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a

Carlos G Teran; Carlos N Teran-Escalera; Carola Balderrama

2010-01-01

51

Design, fabrication and test of graphite/polyimide composite joints and attachments for advanced aerospace vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Principal program activities dealt with the literature survey, design of joint concepts, assessment of GR/PI material quality, fabrication of test panels and specimens, and small specimen testing. Bonded and bolted designs are presented for each of the four major attachment types. Quality control data are presented for prepreg Lots 2W4651 and 3W2020. Preliminary design allowables test results for tension tests and compression tests of laminates are also presented.

1980-01-01

52

Joint Instability and Osteoarthritis  

PubMed Central

Joint instability creates a clinical and economic burden in the health care system. Injuries and disorders that directly damage the joint structure or lead to joint instability are highly associated with osteoarthritis (OA). Thus, understanding the physiology of joint stability and the mechanisms of joint instability-induced OA is of clinical significance. The first section of this review discusses the structure and function of major joint tissues, including periarticular muscles, which play a significant role in joint stability. Because the knee, ankle, and shoulder joints demonstrate a high incidence of ligament injury and joint instability, the second section summarizes the mechanisms of ligament injury-associated joint instability of these joints. The final section highlights the recent advances in the understanding of the mechanical and biological mechanisms of joint instability-induced OA. These advances may lead to new opportunities for clinical intervention in the prevention and early treatment of OA. PMID:25741184

Blalock, Darryl; Miller, Andrew; Tilley, Michael; Wang, Jinxi

2015-01-01

53

Advanced time series synthesizer for simulation of joint rain attenuation conditions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This contribution presents a model to generate time series of rain attenuation by adapting a large set of rain attenuation measurements to different locations. The proposed model allows generating rainy and not rainy conditions for multiple stations in a large geographical area, reproducing the actual spatial and temporal variability of the rain process, with limited computational effort. Single site and joint statistics of rain attenuation obtained by the time series of measurements are discussed. The model is used to show the effectiveness, in terms of link margin, of gateway networks in smart diversity arrangement, for different separation distances among sites.

Nebuloni, R.; Capsoni, C.; Luccini, M.

2014-09-01

54

Distance Learning in Advanced Military Education: Analysis of Joint Operations Course in the Taiwan Military  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High-ranking officers require advanced military education in war tactics for future combat. However, line officers rarely have time to take such courses on campus. The conventional solution to this problem used to take the inefficient correspondence courses. Whereas Internet technologies progress, online course is the current trend for military…

Tung, Ming-Chih; Huang, Jiung-yao; Keh, Huan-Chao; Wai, Shu-shen

2009-01-01

55

Joint System Prognostics For Increased Efficiency And Risk Mitigation In Advanced Nuclear Reactor Instrumentation and Control  

SciTech Connect

The science of prognostics is analogous to a doctor who, based on a set of symptoms and patient tests, assesses a probable cause, the risk to the patient, and a course of action for recovery. While traditional prognostics research has focused on the aspect of hydraulic and mechanical systems and associated failures, this project will take a joint view in focusing not only on the digital I&C aspect of reliability and risk, but also on the risks associated with the human element. Model development will not only include an approximation of the control system physical degradation but also on human performance degradation. Thus the goal of the prognostic system is to evaluate control room operation; to identify and potentially take action when performance degradation reduces plant efficiency, reliability or safety.

Donald D. Dudenhoeffer; Tuan Q. Tran; Ronald L. Boring; Bruce P. Hallbert

2006-08-01

56

Ergonomic design considerations for an optical data link between a warfighter's head and body-worn technologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Today, warfighters are burdened by a web of cables linking technologies that span the head and torso regions of the body. These cables help to provide interoperability between helmet-worn peripherals such as head mounted displays (HMDs), cameras, and communication equipment with chest-worn computers and radios. Although promoting enhanced capabilities, this cabling also poses snag hazards and makes it difficult for the warfighter to extricate himself from his kit when necessary. A newly developed wireless personal area network (WPAN), one that uses optical transceivers, may prove to be an acceptable alternative to traditional cabling. Researchers at the Air Force Research Laboratory's 711th Human Performance Wing are exploring how best to mount the WPAN transceivers to the body in order to facilitate unimpeded data transfer while also maintaining the operator's natural range of motion. This report describes the two-step research process used to identify the performance limitations and usability of a body-worn optical wireless system. Firstly, researchers characterized the field of view for the current generation of optical WPAN transceivers. Then, this field of view was compared with anthropometric data describing the range of motion of the cervical vertebrae to see if the data link would be lost at the extremes of an operator's head movement. Finally, this report includes an additional discussion of other possible military applications for an optical WPAN.

Trew, Noel; Linn, Aaron; Nelson, Zac; Burnett, Greg; Sedillo, Mike

2012-06-01

57

The Integration of Modeling and Simulation with Joint Command and Control on the Global Information Grid  

Microsoft Academic Search

As documented in the Joint Command and Control (JC2) Capability Development Document (CDD), JC2 will require M&S capabilities to support a multitude of functions including course of action analysis, planning, mission rehearsal, and training. This will necessitate the integration of M&S with JC2 on the Global Information Grid (GIG), the net-centric information environment of future warfighting. DISA has been successfully

Leslie S. Winters; Andreas Tolk

2005-01-01

58

Proceedings of the joint contractors meeting: FE/EE Advanced Turbine Systems conference FE fuel cells and coal-fired heat engines conference  

SciTech Connect

The joint contractors meeting: FE/EE Advanced Turbine Systems conference FEE fuel cells and coal-fired heat engines conference; was sponsored by the US Department of Energy Office of Fossil Energy and held at the Morgantown Energy Technology Center, P.O. Box 880, Morgantown, West Virginia 26507-0880, August 3--5, 1993. Individual papers have been entered separately.

Geiling, D.W. [ed.

1993-08-01

59

New Advances for a joint 3D inversion of multiple EM methods  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electromagnetic (EM) methods are routinely applied to image the subsurface from shallow to regional structures. Individual EM methods differ in their sensitivities towards resistive and conductive structures as well as in their exploration depths. Joint 3D inversion of multiple EM data sets can result in significantly better resolution of subsurface structures than the individual inversions. Proper weighting between different EM data is essential, however. We present a recently developed weighting algorithm to combine magnetotelluric (MT), controlled source EM (CSEM) and DC-geoelectric (DC) data. It is well known that MT data are mostly sensible to regional conductive structures, whereas, CSEM and DC data are more suitable to recover more shallow and resistive structures. Our new scheme is based on weighting individual components of the total data gradient after each model update. Norms of each data residual are used to assess how much weight individual components of the total data gradient must have to achieve an equal contribution of all data sets in the inverse model. A numerically efficient way to search for appropriate weighting factors could be established by applying a bi-diagonalization procedure to the sensitivity matrix. Thereby, the original inverse problem can be projected onto a smaller dimension in which the search of weighting factors is numerically cheap. We demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed weighting schemes and explore the model domain with synthetic data sets.

Meqbel, N. M.; Ritter, O.

2013-12-01

60

Proceedings of the Defense and Security Symposium, Vol. 5794, 1050 -1059 Warfighter-In-The-Loop: Mental Models in Airborne Minefield Detection  

E-print Network

, target detection, warfighter-in-the-loop, qualitative evaluation, human factors, mental models. 1. INTRODUCTION Minefield detection is evolving from a completely manual process to a semi-automated one to a particular minefield. Therefore, although the traditional techniques are still widely used, there is growing

Missouri-Rolla, University of

61

Advances in tribological testing of artificial joint biomaterials using multidirectional pin-on-disk testers  

PubMed Central

The introduction of numerous formulations of Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE), which is widely used as a bearing material in orthopedic implants, necessitated screening of bearing couples to identify promising iterations for expensive joint simulations. Pin-on-disk (POD) testers capable of multidirectional sliding can correctly rank formulations of UHMWPE with respect to their predictive in vivo wear behavior. However, there are still uncertainties regarding POD test parameters for facilitating clinically relevant wear mechanisms of UHMWPE. Studies on the development of POD testing were briefly summarized. We systematically reviewed wear rate data of UHMWPE generated by POD testers. To determine if POD testing was capable of correctly ranking bearings and if test parameters outlined in ASTM F732 enabled differentiation between wear behavior of various formulations, mean wear rates of non-irradiated, conventional (25–50 kGy) and highly crosslinked (?90 kGy) UHMWPE were grouped and compared. The mean wear rates of non-irradiated, conventional and highly crosslinked UHMWPEs were 7.03, 5.39 and 0.67 mm3/MC. Based on studies that complied with the guidelines of ASTM F732, the mean wear rates of non-irradiated, conventional and highly crosslinked UHMWPEs were 0.32, 0.21 and 0.04 mm3/km, respectively. In both sets of results, the mean wear rate of highly crosslinked UHMPWE was smaller than both conventional and non-irradiated UHMWPEs (p<0.05). Thus, POD testers can compare highly crosslinked and conventional UHMWPEs despite different test parameters. Narrowing the allowable range for standardized test parameters could improve sensitivity of multi-axial testers in correctly ranking materials. PMID:23831149

Baykal, D.; Siskey, R.S.; Haider, H.; Saikko, V.; Ahlroos, T.; Kurtz, S.M.

2013-01-01

62

Advances in tribological testing of artificial joint biomaterials using multidirectional pin-on-disk testers.  

PubMed

The introduction of numerous formulations of Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE), which is widely used as a bearing material in orthopedic implants, necessitated screening of bearing couples to identify promising iterations for expensive joint simulations. Pin-on-disk (POD) testers capable of multidirectional sliding can correctly rank formulations of UHMWPE with respect to their predictive in vivo wear behavior. However, there are still uncertainties regarding POD test parameters for facilitating clinically relevant wear mechanisms of UHMWPE. Studies on the development of POD testing were briefly summarized. We systematically reviewed wear rate data of UHMWPE generated by POD testers. To determine if POD testing was capable of correctly ranking bearings and if test parameters outlined in ASTM F732 enabled differentiation between wear behavior of various formulations, mean wear rates of non-irradiated, conventional (25-50kGy) and highly crosslinked (?90kGy) UHMWPE were grouped and compared. The mean wear rates of non-irradiated, conventional and highly crosslinked UHMWPEs were 7.03, 5.39 and 0.67mm(3)/MC. Based on studies that complied with the guidelines of ASTM F732, the mean wear rates of non-irradiated, conventional and highly crosslinked UHMWPEs were 0.32, 0.21 and 0.04mm(3)/km, respectively. In both sets of results, the mean wear rate of highly crosslinked UHMPWE was smaller than both conventional and non-irradiated UHMWPEs (p<0.05). Thus, POD testers can compare highly crosslinked and conventional UHMWPEs despite different test parameters. Narrowing the allowable range for standardized test parameters could improve sensitivity of multi-axial testers in correctly ranking materials. PMID:23831149

Baykal, D; Siskey, R S; Haider, H; Saikko, V; Ahlroos, T; Kurtz, S M

2014-03-01

63

Advanced Forward Modeling and Inversion of Stokes Profiles Resulting from the Joint Action of the Hanle and Zeeman Effects  

E-print Network

A big challenge in solar and stellar physics in the coming years will be to decipher the magnetism of the solar outer atmosphere (chromosphere and corona) along with its dynamic coupling with the magnetic fields of the underlying photosphere. To this end, it is important to develop rigorous diagnostic tools for the physical interpretation of spectropolarimetric observations in suitably chosen spectral lines. Here we present a computer program for the synthesis and inversion of Stokes profiles caused by the joint action of atomic level polarization and the Hanle and Zeeman effects in some spectral lines of diagnostic interest, such as those of the He I 10830 A and D_3 multiplets. It is based on the quantum theory of spectral line polarization, which takes into account all the relevant physical mechanisms and ingredients (optical pumping, atomic level polarization, Zeeman, Paschen-Back and Hanle effects). The influence of radiative transfer on the emergent spectral line radiation is taken into account through a suitable slab model. The user can either calculate the emergent intensity and polarization for any given magnetic field vector or infer the dynamical and magnetic properties from the observed Stokes profiles via an efficient inversion algorithm based on global optimization methods. The reliability of the forward modeling and inversion code presented here is demonstrated through several applications, which range from the inference of the magnetic field vector in solar active regions to determining whether or not it is canopy-like in quiet chromospheric regions. This user-friendly diagnostic tool called "HAZEL" (from HAnle and ZEeman Light) is offered to the astrophysical community, with the hope that it will facilitate new advances in solar and stellar physics.

A. Asensio Ramos; J. Trujillo Bueno; E. Landi Degl'Innocenti

2008-04-16

64

Oil shale, tar sand, coal research, advanced exploratory process technology, jointly sponsored research. Quarterly technical progress report, January--March 1993  

SciTech Connect

Accomplishments for the past quarter are briefly described for the following areas of research: oil shale; tar sand; coal; advanced exploratory process technology; and jointly sponsored research. Oil shale and tar sand researches cover processing studies. Coal research includes: coal combustion; integrated coal processing concepts; and solid waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology covers: advanced process concepts; advanced mitigation concepts; and oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research includes: organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; CROW{sup TM} field demonstration with Bell Lumber and Pole; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; operation and evaluation of the CO{sub 2} HUFF-N-PUFF Process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid-state NMR analysis of Mesaverde Group, Greater Green River Basin tight gas sands; characterization of petroleum residue; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced oil recovery techniques; surface process study for oil recovery using a thermal extraction process; oil field waste cleanup using tank bottom recovery process; remote chemical sensor development; in situ treatment of manufactured gas plant contaminated soils demonstration program; solid-state NMR analysis of naturally and artificially matured kerogens; and development of an effective method for the clean-up of natural gas.

Not Available

1993-09-01

65

Oil shale, tar sand, coal research advanced exploratory process technology, jointly sponsored research. Quarterly technical progress report, October--December 1992  

SciTech Connect

Accomplishments for the past quarter are presented for the following five tasks: oil shale; tar sand; coal; advanced exploratory process technology; and jointly sponsored research. Oil shale research covers oil shale process studies. Tar sand research is on process development of Recycle Oil Pyrolysis and Extraction (ROPE) Process. Coal research covers: coal combustion; integrated coal processing concepts; and solid waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology includes: advanced process concepts;advanced mitigation concepts; and oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research includes: organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; CROW field demonstration with Bell Lumber and Pole; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; PGI demonstration project; operation and evaluation of the CO{sub 2} HUFF-N-PUFF Process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid state NMR analysis of Mesaverde Group, Greater Green River Basin, tight gas sands; flow-loop testing of double-wall pipe for thermal applications; characterization of petroleum residue; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced oil recovery techniques; surface process study for oil recovery using a thermal extraction process; NMR analysis of samples from the ocean drilling program; in situ treatment of manufactured gas plant contaminated soils demonstration program; and solid state NMR analysis of naturally and artificially matured kerogens.

Speight, J.G.

1992-12-31

66

Oil shale, tar sand, coal research, advanced exploratory process technology jointly sponsored research. Quarterly technical progress report, April--June 1992  

SciTech Connect

Accomplishments for the quarter are presented for the following areas of research: oil shale, tar sand, coal, advanced exploratory process technology, and jointly sponsored research. Oil shale research includes; oil shale process studies, environmental base studies for oil shale, and miscellaneous basic concept studies. Tar sand research covers process development. Coal research includes; underground coal gasification, coal combustion, integrated coal processing concepts, and solid waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology includes; advanced process concepts, advanced mitigation concepts, and oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research includes: organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; operation and evaluation of the CO{sub 2} HUFF-N-PUFF Process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid state NMR analysis of Mesa Verde Group, Greater Green River Basin, tight gas sands; flow-loop testing of double-wall pipe for thermal applications; characterization of petroleum residue; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced recovery techniques; and menu driven access to the WDEQ Hydrologic Data Management Systems.

Not Available

1992-12-01

67

PREFACE: Joint IPPP Durham/Cockcroft Institute/ICFA Workshop on Advanced QED methods for Future Accelerators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The joint IPPP Durham/Cockcroft Institute/ICFA workshop on advanced QED methods for future accelerators took place at the Cockcroft Institute in early March 2009. The motivation for the workshop was the need for a detailed consideration of the physics processes associated with beam-beam effects at the interaction points of future high-energy electron-positron colliders. There is a broad consensus within the particle physics community that the next international facility for experimental high-energy physics research beyond the Large Hadron Collider at CERN should be a high-luminosity electron-positron collider working at the TeV energy scale. One important feature of such a collider will be its ability to deliver polarised beams to the interaction point and to provide accurate measurements of the polarisation state during physics collisions. The physics collisions take place in very dense charge bunches in the presence of extremely strong electromagnetic fields of field strength of order of the Schwinger critical field strength of 4.4×1013 Gauss. These intense fields lead to depolarisation processes which need to be thoroughly understood in order to reduce uncertainty in the polarisation state at collision. To that end, this workshop reviewed the formalisms for describing radiative processes and the methods of calculation in the future strong-field environments. These calculations are based on the Furry picture of organising the interaction term of the Lagrangian. The means of deriving the transition probability of the most important of the beam-beam processes - Beamsstrahlung - was reviewed. The workshop was honoured by the presentations of one of the founders, V N Baier, of the 'Operator method' - one means for performing these calculations. Other theoretical methods of performing calculations in the Furry picture, namely those due to A I Nikishov, V I Ritus et al, were reviewed and intense field quantum processes in fields of different form - namely those present in intense lasers - were also presented. Within the Furry picture the lowest order physics processes are represented by one vertex Feynman diagrams. Additionally, higher order processes in the Furry picture are thought to be important and are still not fully studied. The Advanced QED methods workshop also benefited greatly from reports on ongoing and planned experimental work on quantum processes in intense external fields. Some of the experiments reviewed were the NA43 and NA63 experiments using the inter atomic fields in aligned crystals at CERN. In the past, evidence has been obtained from successful experiments using an intense laser at the SLAC experiment E144. The possibility now exists for new experiments with intense laser light with the planned XFEL at DESY and the European Extreme Light Infrastructure. For upcoming accelerator projects, computer simulations of the first order processes in the Furry Picture during the bunch-bunch collision are being performed using the programs CAIN and Guinea-Pig++. The implementation of spin dynamics in these simulation programs was reported on at the workshop. This relatively small workshop generated a very productive intermix of theoretical, experimental and computational developments covering this important field of physics. Fruitful discussions took place covering improvements to the models, estimations of the remaining theoretical uncertainties and future updates to the existing simulations. It was felt that ongoing workshops in the same field would be of benefit to all those involved. The organisers would like to express their sincere thanks to all of the attendees for their contributions, to the staff of the Cockcroft Institute for hosting the workshop, to the IPPP at Durham for providing substantial funding and administrative support, and to ICFA for their sponsorship. We would also like to thank IOP Publishing for their assistance in publishing our proceedings in the Journal of Physics: Conference Series.

Bailey, I. R.; Barber, D. P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Hartin, A.; Heinzl, T.; Hesselbach, S.; Moortgat-Pick, G. A.

2009-11-01

68

The Warfighter Associate: decision-support software agent for the management of intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) assets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A unique and promising intelligent agent plug-in technology for Mission Command Systems— the Warfighter Associate (WA)— is described that enables individuals and teams to respond more effectively to the cognitive challenges of Mission Command, such as managing limited intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) assets and information sharing in a networked environment. The WA uses a doctrinally-based knowledge representation to model role-specific workflows and continuously monitors the state of the operational environment to enable decision-support, delivering the right information to the right person at the right time. Capabilities include: (1) analyzing combat events reported in chat rooms and other sources for relevance based on role, order-of-battle, time, and geographic location, (2) combining seemingly disparate pieces of data into meaningful information, (3) driving displays to provide users with map based and textual descriptions of the current tactical situation, and (4) recommending courses of action with respect to necessary staff collaborations, execution of battle-drills, re-tasking of ISR assets, and required reporting. The results of a scenario-based human-in-the-loop experiment are reported. The underlying WA knowledge-graph representation serves as state traces, measuring aspects of Soldier decision-making performance (e.g. improved efficiency in allocating limited ISR assets) across runtime as dynamic events unfold on a simulated battlefield.

Buchler, Norbou; Marusich, Laura R.; Sokoloff, Stacey

2014-06-01

69

Advances in the processing, sterilization, and crosslinking of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene for total joint arthroplasty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the recognized success and worldwide acceptance of total joint arthroplasty, wear is a major obstacle limiting the longevity of implanted UHMWPE components. Efforts to solve the wear problem in UHMWPE have spurred numerous detailed studies into the structure, morphology, and mechanical properties of the polymer at every stage of its production from original resin into stock material and final

Steven M. Kurtz; Orhun K. Muratoglu; Mark Evans; Avram A. Edidin

1999-01-01

70

IEEE JSAC SPECIAL ISSUE ON ADVANCES IN COGNITIVE RADIO NETWORKING AND COMMUNICATIONS 1 Joint Network Capacity Region for Cognitive Networks  

E-print Network

as to protect licensed receivers from interference. Detecting underutilized spectrum or white space, while in a heterogeneous environment, including indoor and outdoor transmissions, under various spec- trum (white space primary and secondary networks depends on white space detection techniques, resulting in joint network

de Veciana, Gustavo

71

Oil shale, tar sand, coal research, advanced exploratory process technology, jointly sponsored research. Quarterly technical progress report, July--September 1992  

SciTech Connect

Progress made in five research programs is described. The subtasks in oil shale study include oil shale process studies and unconventional applications and markets for western oil shale.The tar sand study is on recycle oil pyrolysis and extraction (ROPE) process. Four tasks are described in coal research: underground coal gasification; coal combustion; integrated coal processing concepts; and sold waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology includes: advanced process concepts; advanced mitigation concepts; and oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research covers: organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; CROW field demonstration with Bell Lumber and Pole; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; PGI demonstration project; operation and evaluation of the CO{sub 2} HUFF-N-PUFF process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid state NMR analysis of Mesaverde group, Greater Green River Basin, tight gas sands; flow-loop testing of double-wall pipe for thermal applications; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced oil recovery techniques; NMR analysis of sample from the ocean drilling program; and menu driven access to the WDEQ hydrologic data management system.

Not Available

1992-12-31

72

Oil shale, tar sand, coal research, advanced exploratory process technology, jointly sponsored research. Quarterly technical progress report, April--June 1993  

SciTech Connect

Progress made in five areas of research is described briefly. The subtask in oil shale research is on oil shale process studies. For tar sand the subtask reported is on process development. Coal research includes the following subtasks: Coal combustion; integrated coal processing concepts; and solid waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology includes the following: Advanced process concepts; advanced mitigation concepts; oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research includes: Organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; CROW{sup TM} field demonstration with Bell Lumber and Pole; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; operation and evaluation of the CO{sup 2} HUFF-N-PUFF Process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid-state NMR analysis of Mesaverde Group, Greater Green River Basin, tight gas sands; characterization of petroleum residua; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced oil recovery techniques; surface process study for oil recovery using a thermal extraction process;NMR analysis of samples from the ocean drilling program; oil field waste cleanup using tank bottom recovery process; remote chemical sensor development; in situ treatment of manufactured gas plant contaminated soils demonstration program; solid-state NMR analysis of Mowry formation shale from different sedimentary basins; solid-state NMR analysis of naturally and artificially matured kerogens; and development of effective method for the clean-up of natural gas.

Not Available

1993-09-01

73

FIRRE joint battlespace command and control system for manned and unmanned assets (JBC2S)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Family of Integrated Rapid Response Equipment (FIRRE) is an advanced technology demonstration program intended to develop a family of affordable, scalable, modular, and logistically supportable unmanned systems to meet urgent operational force-protection needs and requirements worldwide. The near-term goal is to provide the best available unmanned ground systems to the warfighter in Iraq and Afghanistan. The overarching long-term goal is to develop a fully-integrated, layered force-protection system of systems for our forward deployed forces that is networked with the future force C4ISR systems architecture. The intent of the FIRRE program is to reduce manpower requirements, enhance force-protection capabilities, and reduce casualties through the use of unmanned systems. FIRRE is sponsored by the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense, Acquisitions, Technology and Logistics (OUSD AT&L), and is managed by the Product Manager, Force Protection Systems (PM-FPS), Fort Belvior, VA. The command-and-control element of FIRRE is the Joint Battlespace Command and Control System (JBC2S) for manned and unmanned assets, which is based upon the Mobile Detection Assessment Response System (MDARS) Multiple Resource Host Architecture (MRHA), modified to operate as a single application program using standard DoD mapping and data distribution services. JBC2S is an evolution of the MRHA that leverages over 10 years of development in unmanned systems command-and-control. It implements the functionality of the MRHA under the dynamically configurable and highly modular architecture of the Multi-Robot Operator Control Unit (MOCU). JBC2S is a network-centric, geospatial command and control system that allows the field commander and above to plan and execute missions utilizing multiple and disparate manned and unmanned assets. It utilizes standard map formats (GeoTIFF, DNC, CADRG) for displaying map data and for tracking asset placement and movement.

Kramer, T. A.; Laird, R. T.; Dinh, M.; Barngrover, C. M.; Cruickshanks, J. R.; Gilbreath, G. A.

2006-05-01

74

First Metatarsophalangeal Joint Interpositional Arthroplasty Using a Meniscus Allograft for the Treatment of Advanced Hallux RigidusSurgical Technique and Short-term Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hallux rigidus is a progressive disorder of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. The disorder is characterized by a loss of range of motion, degenerative changes, and pain within the joint. In later stages of the disease, the surgical procedure of choice is arthrodesis of the joint. Recently, salvage procedures of the first MTP joint using soft tissue interposition has gained

Eugene L. DelaCruz; Adam R. Johnson; Benjamin L. Clair

2011-01-01

75

Research investigations in oil shale, tar sand, coal research, advanced exploratory process technology, and advanced fuels research: Volume 2 -- Jointly sponsored research program. Final report, October 1986--September 1993  

SciTech Connect

Numerous studies have been conducted in five principal areas: oil shale, tar sand, underground coal gasification, advanced process technology, and advanced fuels research. In subsequent years, underground coal gasification was broadened to be coal research, under which several research activities were conducted that related to coal processing. The most significant change occurred in 1989 when the agreement was redefined as a Base Program and a Jointly Sponsored Research Program (JSRP). Investigations were conducted under the Base Program to determine the physical and chemical properties of materials suitable for conversion to liquid and gaseous fuels, to test and evaluate processes and innovative concepts for such conversions, to monitor and determine environmental impacts related to development of commercial-sized operations, and to evaluate methods for mitigation of potential environmental impacts. This report is divided into two volumes: Volume 1 consists of 28 summaries that describe the principal research efforts conducted under the Base Program in five topic areas. Volume 2 describes tasks performed within the JSRP. Research conducted under this agreement has resulted in technology transfer of a variety of energy-related research information. A listing of related publications and presentations is given at the end of each research topic summary. More specific and detailed information is provided in the topical reports referenced in the related publications listings.

Smith, V.E.

1994-09-01

76

ADVANCED BIOMASS REBURNING FOR HIGH EFFICIENCY NOx CONTROL AND BIOMASS REBURNING - MODELING/ENGINEERING STUDIES JOINT FINAL REPORT  

SciTech Connect

This report presents results of studies under a Phase II SBIR program funded by the U. S. Department of Agriculture, and a closely coordinated project sponsored by the DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL, formerly FETC). The overall Phase II objective of the SBIR project is to experimentally optimize the biomass reburning technologies and conduct engineering design studies needed for process demonstration at full scale. The DOE project addresses supporting issues for the process design including modeling activities, economic studies of biomass handling, and experimental evaluation of slagging and fouling. The performance of biomass has been examined in a 300 kW (1 x 10{sup 6} Btu/hr) Boiler Simulator Facility under different experimental conditions. Fuels under investigation include furniture waste, willow wood and walnut shells. Tests showed that furniture pellets and walnut shells provided similar NO{sub x} control as that of natural gas in basic reburning at low heat inputs. Maximum NO{sub x} reduction achieved with walnut shell and furniture pellets was 65% and 58% respectively. Willow wood provided a maximum NO{sub x} reduction of 50% and was no better than natural gas at any condition tested. The efficiency of biomass increases when N-agent is injected into reburning and/or burnout zones, or along with OFA (Advanced Reburning). Co-injection of Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} with N-agent further increases efficiency of NO{sub x} reduction. Maximum NO{sub x} reduction achieved with furniture pellets and willow wood in Advanced Reburning was 83% and 78% respectively. All combustion experiments of the Phase II project have been completed. All objectives of the experimental tasks were successfully met. The kinetic model of biomass reburning has been developed. Model agrees with experimental data for a wide range of initial conditions and thus correctly represents main features of the reburning process. Modeling suggests that the most important factors that provide high efficiency of biomass in reburning are low fuel-N content and high content of alkali metals in ash. These results indicate that the efficiency of biomass as a reburning fuel may be predicted based on its ultimate, proximate, and ash analyses. The results of experimental and kinetic modeling studies were utilized in applying a validated methodology for reburning system design to biomass reburning in a typical coal-fired boiler. Based on the trends in biomass reburning performance and the characteristics of the boiler under study, a preliminary process design for biomass reburning was developed. Physical flow models were applied to specific injection parameters and operating scenarios, to assess the mixing performance of reburning fuel and overfire air jets which is of paramount importance in achieving target NO{sub x} control performance. The two preliminary cases studied showed potential as candidate reburning designs, and demonstrated that similar mixing performance could be achieved in operation with different quantities of reburning fuel. Based upon this preliminary evaluation, EER has determined that reburning and advanced reburning technologies can be successfully applied using biomass. Pilot-scale studies on biomass reburning conducted by EER have indicated that biomass is an excellent reburning fuel. This generic design study provides a template approach for future demonstrations in specific installations.

Vladimir M. Zamansky; Mark S. Sheldon; Vitali V. Lissianski; Peter M. Maly; David K. Moyeda; Antonio Marquez; W. Randall Seeker

2000-10-01

77

ecent advances in tissue-engineered cartilage open the door to new clin-ical treatments of joint lesions. Common to all therapies with in-vitro-  

E-print Network

of methods to support ankle joint arthroplasty using bioengineered autografts. Computer assis- tance allows the feasibility of computer-assist- ed arthroplasty using bioengineered autografts. The ankle joint was chosen in patients as young as 20 years old, where classic therapies like total ankle joint arthroplasty using

78

A joint numerical and experimental study of the jet of an aircraft engine installation with advanced techniques  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the results obtained during the European Union JEDI (JEt Development Investigations) project carried out in cooperation between ONERA and Airbus. The aim of these studies was first to acquire a complete database of a modern-type engine jet installation set under a wall-to-wall swept wing in various transonic flow conditions. Interactions between the engine jet, the pylon, and the wing were studied thanks to ¤advanced¥ measurement techniques. In parallel, accurate Reynolds-averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) simulations were carried out from simple ones with the Spalart Allmaras model to more complex ones like the DRSM-SSG (Differential Reynolds Stress Modef of Speziale Sarkar Gatski) turbulence model. In the end, Zonal-Detached Eddy Simulations (Z-DES) were also performed to compare different simulation techniques. All numerical results are accurately validated thanks to the experimental database acquired in parallel. This complete and complex study of modern civil aircraft engine installation allowed many upgrades in understanding and simulation methods to be obtained. Furthermore, a setup for engine jet installation studies has been validated for possible future works in the S3Ch transonic research wind-tunnel. The main conclusions are summed up in this paper.

Brunet, V.; Molton, P.; Bézard, H.; Deck, S.; Jacquin, L.

2012-01-01

79

Hip joints  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The human hips are an example of a ball-and-socket joint. Ball-and-socket joints have the ability to rotate in a circular motion. The joint where the arm connects to the shoulder is also a type of ball-and-socket joint.

Connie Raab (National Institutes of Health; )

2006-05-17

80

Preliminary bolted-joint data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Bolted-joint strength and failure modes for advanced graphite/polyimide composite laminates at 116K (-250 F), room temperature, and 589K (600 F) were determined to provide preliminary design data. The bolted-joint test setup for the low and elevated temperature tests is described. Test results are reported on a quasi-isotropic laminate of Celion 6000/PMR-15. Single bolt, double lap shear specimens were tested to obtain maximum joint strength and failure mode. The effect of joint geometry and temperature on joint strength and failure mode is presented.

Wichorek, G. R.

1979-01-01

81

Joints in a Cornstarch Analog  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Joints are very important to problems in applied geology (fluid flow, slope stability), but three-dimensional exposures of simple joint sets are not readily accessible from my campus. I developed this exercise based on the experiments of Miller (2001) to give students hands-on practice describing and interpreting joints. For the exercise, I prepare a cornstarch-water mixture a few days in advance and pour it into plastic petri dishes. I add a "flaw" to each dish (typically a small pebble). As the cornstarch dries, vertical joints develop. In class, each group of 3-4 students is provided a petri dish of desiccated cornstarch. Students are asked to draw a map of the joints, paying particular attention to intersection angles. (The joints curve to intersect at 90 degrees.) They determine relative ages of the joints using abutting relationships. (Typically 3-6 generations of joints.) Students next dissect the sample and describe the surface textures of the larger joints and the location of the flaw. The cornstarch produces beautiful plumose structure (hackles). Students then interpret the joint propagation direction from the surface textures, and note the origin of the joint. (Typically, a first- or second-generation joint initiates at the flaw.) Students discuss the role of flaws in the initiation of joints in their groups.

Juliet Crider

82

Disorders of the distal radioulnar joint.  

PubMed

The distal radioulnar joint is responsible for stable forearm rotation. Injury to this joint can occur following a variety of mechanisms, including wrist fractures, ligamentous damage, or degenerative wear. Accurate diagnosis requires a clear understanding of the anatomy and mechanics of the ulnar aspect of the wrist. Injuries can be divided into three major categories for diagnostic purposes, and these include pain without joint instability, pain with joint instability, and joint arthritis. New advancements in imaging and surgical technique can allow for earlier detection of injuries, potentially preserving joint function. In this article, the authors review the pertinent anatomy, biomechanics, and major abnormality involving the distal radioulnar joint. PMID:25285686

Houdek, Matthew T; Wagner, Eric R; Moran, Steven L; Berger, Richard A

2015-01-01

83

Evaluation and Treatment of Acromioclavicular Joint Injuries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Acromioclavicular joint injuries and, more specifically, separations are commonplace both in general practice and during athletic participation. This article reviews the traditional classification as well as the clinical evaluation of patients with acute and chronic acromioclavicular joint separations. It also highlights many recent advances, principally in the anatomy and biomechanics of the acromioclavicular joint ligamentous complex. The concept of increases

Augustus D. Mazzocca; Robert A. Arciero; James Bicos

2007-01-01

84

Effect of formation and state of interface on joint strength in friction stir spot welding for advanced high strength steel sheets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The tensile shear strength and cross tension strength of friction stir spot welded joints were evaluated in the cases of lap joints of 270 N/mm2 grade and 980 N/mm2 grade cold rolled steel sheets with respect to the stir zone area, hardness distribution, and interface condition between the sheets. The results suggested that both the tensile shear strength and cross tension strength were based on the stir zone area and its hardness in both grades of steel. The "hook" shape of the interface also affected the joint strength. However, the joining that occurred across the interfaces had a significant influence on the value of the joint strength in the case of the 270 N/mm2 grade steel.

Taniguchi, Koichi; Matsushita, Muneo; Ikeda, Rinsei; Oi, Kenji

2014-08-01

85

Patellofemoral Joint Biomechanics and Tissue Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent advances in the study of patellofemoral joint biome-chanics have provided promising diagnosis and treatment modalities for patellofemoral joint disorders, such as quan-titative assessment of cartilage lesions from noninvasive im-aging, computer simulations of surgical procedures for opti-mizing surgical parameters and potentially predicting out-comes, and cartilage tissue engineering for the treatment of advanced degenerative joint disease. These technologies are still in

Gerard A. Ateshian; Clark T. Hung

2005-01-01

86

Screw placement and osteoplasty under computed tomographic-fluoroscopic guidance in a case of advanced metastatic destruction of the iliosacral joint.  

PubMed

We present a case of combined surgical screw placement and osteoplasty guided by computed tomography-fluoroscopy (CTF) in a 68-year-old man with unilateral osteolytic destruction and a pathological fracture of the iliosacral joint due to a metastasis from renal cell carcinoma. The patient experienced intractable lower back pain that was refractory to analgesia. After transarterial particle and coil embolization of the tumor-feeding vessels in the angiography unit, the procedure was performed under general anesthesia by an interdisciplinary team of interventional radiologists and trauma surgeons. Under intermittent single-shot CTF, two K wires were inserted into the left iliosacral joint from a lateral transiliac approach at the S1 level followed by two self-tapping surgical screws. Continuous CTF was used for monitoring of the subsequent polymethylmethacrylate injection through two vertebroplasty cannulas for further stabilization of the screw threads within the osteolytic sacral ala. Both the screw placement and cement injection were successful, with no complications occurring during or after the procedure. With additional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory and opioid medication, the patient reported a marked decrease in his lower back pain and was able to move independently again at the 3-month follow-up assessment. In our patient with intolerable back pain due to tumor destruction and consequent pathological fracture of the iliosacral joint, CTF-guided iliosacral screw placement combined with osteoplasty was successful with respect to joint stabilization and a reduction in the need for analgesic therapy. PMID:19795167

Trumm, Christoph Gregor; Rubenbauer, Bianca; Piltz, Stefan; Reiser, Maximilian F; Hoffmann, Ralf-Thorsten

2011-02-01

87

Screw Placement and Osteoplasty Under Computed Tomographic-Fluoroscopic Guidance in a Case of Advanced Metastatic Destruction of the Iliosacral Joint  

SciTech Connect

We present a case of combined surgical screw placement and osteoplasty guided by computed tomography-fluoroscopy (CTF) in a 68-year-old man with unilateral osteolytic destruction and a pathological fracture of the iliosacral joint due to a metastasis from renal cell carcinoma. The patient experienced intractable lower back pain that was refractory to analgesia. After transarterial particle and coil embolization of the tumor-feeding vessels in the angiography unit, the procedure was performed under general anesthesia by an interdisciplinary team of interventional radiologists and trauma surgeons. Under intermittent single-shot CTF, two K wires were inserted into the left iliosacral joint from a lateral transiliac approach at the S1 level followed by two self-tapping surgical screws. Continuous CTF was used for monitoring of the subsequent polymethylmethacrylate injection through two vertebroplasty cannulas for further stabilization of the screw threads within the osteolytic sacral ala. Both the screw placement and cement injection were successful, with no complications occurring during or after the procedure. With additional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory and opioid medication, the patient reported a marked decrease in his lower back pain and was able to move independently again at the 3-month follow-up assessment. In our patient with intolerable back pain due to tumor destruction and consequent pathological fracture of the iliosacral joint, CTF-guided iliosacral screw placement combined with osteoplasty was successful with respect to joint stabilization and a reduction in the need for analgesic therapy.

Trumm, Christoph Gregor, E-mail: christoph.trumm@med.lmu.de [University of Munich, Department of Clinical Radiology (Germany); Rubenbauer, Bianca; Piltz, Stefan [University of Munich, Department of Surgery (Germany); Reiser, Maximilian F.; Hoffmann, Ralf-Thorsten [University of Munich, Department of Clinical Radiology (Germany)

2011-02-15

88

Compliant joint  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A compliant joint is provided for prosthetic and robotic devices which permits rotation in three different planes. The joint provides for the controlled use of cable under motion. Perpendicular outer mounting frames are joined by swaged cables that interlock at a center block. Ball bearings allow for the free rotation of the second mounting frame relative to the first mounting frame within a predetermined angular rotation that is controlled by two stop devices. The cables allow for compliance at the stops and the cables allow for compliance in six degrees of freedom enabling the duplication or simulation of the rotational movement and flexibility of a natural hip or knee joint, as well as the simulation of a joint designed for a specific robotic component for predetermined design parameters.

Eklund, Wayne D. (inventor); Kerley, James J. (inventor)

1990-01-01

89

[Arthroscopy of the metacarpophalangeal joints].  

PubMed

With the advancements in arthroscopic technique, arthroscopy has become feasible in most human joints, even those as small as the finger joints. The metacarpophalangeal joints are very well suited for arthroscopy and arthroscopic therapy. Good results have been reported on arthroscopic synovectomy of the metacarpophalangeal joints in rheumatoid arthritis. Osteochondral lesions in degenerative arthritis, loose bodies and foreign bodies can well be treated. Arthroscopic arthrolysis for capsular contracture and treatment of post-traumatic lesions have been performed successfully. The arthroscopic assistance in the treatment of intraarticular fractures and the capsular shrinkage for instability have been described. However, metacarpophalangeal joint arthroscopy has not been popularised up to now and its role in clinical practice remains to be established. Existing indications will be discussed with respect to our own experience. PMID:25290276

Borisch, N

2014-10-01

90

Joint chondrolysis.  

PubMed

Although the disease was first described in the hip, reports of chondrolysis in nearly all diarthrodial joints have since emerged with considerable variations in the literature.Despite speculation among clinicians and researchers about the implicit causal pathways and etiologic contributors associated with chondrolysis, definitive answers remain elusive.The term chondrolysis has been applied to varied levels of joint cartilage destruction from focal chondral defects to diffuse cartilage loss, revealing a lack of consistency in the application of diagnostic criteria to guide differential disease classification.Differentiating between the various potential etiologies associated with chondrolysis provides opportunities for the prevention of the disease. PMID:22048100

Provencher, Matthew T; Navaie, Maryam; Solomon, Daniel J; Smith, Jessica C; Romeo, Anthony A; Cole, Brian J

2011-11-01

91

Hip joint replacement  

MedlinePLUS

... made joint. The artificial joint is called a prosthesis . ... thromboembolic disease in patients undergoing elective hip and ... joint arthroplasties: current concepts of patient outcomes after ...

92

Joint Genome Institute's Automation Approach and History  

SciTech Connect

Department of Energy/Joint Genome Institute (DOE/JGI) collaborates with DOE national laboratories and community users, to advance genome science in support of the DOE missions of clean bio-energy, carbon cycling, and bioremediation.

Roberts, Simon

2006-07-05

93

Jointly Sponsored Research Program  

SciTech Connect

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-98FT40321 funded through the Office of Fossil Energy and administered at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) supported the performance of a Jointly Sponsored Research Program (JSRP) at the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) with a minimum 50% nonfederal cost share to assist industry in commercializing and effectively applying highly efficient, nonpolluting energy systems that meet the nation's requirements for clean fuels, chemicals, and electricity in the 21st century. The EERC in partnership with its nonfederal partners jointly performed 131 JSRP projects for which the total DOE cost share was $22,716,634 (38%) and the nonfederal share was $36,776,573 (62%). Summaries of these projects are presented in this report for six program areas: (1) resource characterization and waste management, (2) air quality assessment and control, (3) advanced power systems, (4) advanced fuel forms, (5) value-added coproducts, and (6) advanced materials. The work performed under this agreement addressed DOE goals for reductions in CO{sub 2} emissions through efficiency, capture, and sequestration; near-zero emissions from highly efficient coal-fired power plants; environmental control capabilities for SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, fine respirable particulate (PM{sub 2.5}), and mercury; alternative transportation fuels including liquid synfuels and hydrogen; and synergistic integration of fossil and renewable resources.

Everett A. Sondreal; John G. Hendrikson; Thomas A. Erickson

2009-03-31

94

Adapting to Urban Warfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Urban operations currently are of great concern to the defense community. J9, the Experimentation Directorate of USJFCOM, and the Joint Advanced Warfighting Program currently are conducting an experiment to investigate concepts for applying future technologies to joint urban operations. The first phase of the experiment focused on employing future sensors to remotely monitor and understand enemy operations in a foreign

Andy Ceranowicz; Mark Torpey

2005-01-01

95

Joint assembly  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A joint assembly is provided which includes a drive assembly and a swivel mechanism. The drive assembly features a motor operatively associated with a plurality of drive shafts for driving auxiliary elements, and a plurality of swivel shafts for pivoting the drive assembly. The swivel mechanism engages the swivel shafts and has a fixable element that may be attached to a foundation. The swivel mechanism is adapted to cooperate with the swivel shafts to pivot the drive assembly with at least two degrees of freedom relative to the foundation. The joint assembly allows for all components to remain encased in a tight, compact, and sealed package, making it ideal for space, exploratory, and commercial applications.

Wilson, Andrew (Inventor); Punnoose, Andrew (Inventor); Strausser, Katherine (Inventor); Parikh, Neil (Inventor)

2010-01-01

96

Patellofemoral Joint Biomechanics and Tissue Engineering  

PubMed Central

Recent advances in the study of patellofemoral joint biomechanics have provided promising diagnosis and treatment modalities for patellofemoral joint disorders, such as quantitative assessment of cartilage lesions from noninvasive imaging, computer simulations of surgical procedures for optimizing surgical parameters and potentially predicting outcomes, and cartilage tissue engineering for the treatment of advanced degenerative joint disease. These technologies are still in development and their clinical potentials remain an ongoing topic of investigation. We review some of our progress in addressing these issues, and the important role of cartilage mechanics and lubrication in understanding the challenges regarding patellofemoral surgery and cartilage tissue engineering. PMID:15995425

Ateshian, Gerard A.; Hung, Clark T.

2013-01-01

97

Joint attention and language evolution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigates how more advanced joint attentional mechanisms, rather than only shared attention between two agents and an object, can be implemented and how they influence the results of language games played by these agents. We present computer simulations with language games showing that adding constructs that mimic the three stages of joint attention identified in children's early development (checking attention, following attention, and directing attention) substantially increase the performance of agents in these language games. In particular, the rates of improved performance for the individual attentional mechanisms have the same ordering as that of the emergence of these mechanisms in infants' development. These results suggest that language evolution and joint attentional mechanisms have developed in a co-evolutionary way, and that the evolutionary emergence of the individual attentional mechanisms is ordered just like their developmental emergence.

Kwisthout, Johan; Vogt, Paul; Haselager, Pim; Dijkstra, Ton

2008-06-01

98

Rheumatoid arthritis affecting temporomandibular joint  

PubMed Central

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, systemic, autoimmune inflammatory disorder that is characterized by joint inflammation, erosive properties and symmetric multiple joint involvement. Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is very rare to be affected in the early phase of the disease, thus posing diagnostic challenges for the dentist. Conventional radiographs fail to show the early lesions due to its limitations. More recently cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) has been found to diagnose the early degenerative changes of TMJ and hence aid in the diagnosis of the lesions more accurately. Our case highlights the involvement of TMJ in RA and the role of advanced imaging (CBCT) in diagnosing the bony changes in the early phase of the disease. PMID:25684928

Sodhi, Amandeep; Naik, Shobha; Pai, Anuradha; Anuradha, Ardra

2015-01-01

99

15 CFR 295.23 - Dissolution of joint research and development ventures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NIST EXTRAMURAL PROGRAMS ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM Assistance to United States Industry-Led Joint Research and Development Ventures § 295.23 Dissolution of joint research and development ventures. Upon...

2012-01-01

100

15 CFR 295.23 - Dissolution of joint research and development ventures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NIST EXTRAMURAL PROGRAMS ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM Assistance to United States Industry-Led Joint Research and Development Ventures § 295.23 Dissolution of joint research and development ventures. Upon...

2013-01-01

101

15 CFR 295.23 - Dissolution of joint research and development ventures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NIST EXTRAMURAL PROGRAMS ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM Assistance to United States Industry-Led Joint Research and Development Ventures § 295.23 Dissolution of joint research and development ventures. Upon...

2014-01-01

102

15 CFR 295.23 - Dissolution of joint research and development ventures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NIST EXTRAMURAL PROGRAMS ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM Assistance to United States Industry-Led Joint Research and Development Ventures § 295.23 Dissolution of joint research and development ventures. Upon...

2011-01-01

103

15 CFR 295.23 - Dissolution of joint research and development ventures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NIST EXTRAMURAL PROGRAMS ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM Assistance to United States Industry-Led Joint Research and Development Ventures § 295.23 Dissolution of joint research and development ventures. Upon...

2010-01-01

104

Proprioception and joint stability  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present paper the current clinical knowledge about proprioception is given for the shoulder, knee, ankle, elbow and the radiocarpal joint. Proprioceptive capabilities are decreased after joint injuries such as ACL or meniscus tears, shoulder dislocation, ankle sprain and in joints with degenerative joint disease. Some surgical procedures seem to restore the proprioceptive abilities; others do not. Elastic knee

J. Jerosch; M. Prymka

1996-01-01

105

Joint Infection (Beyond the Basics)  

MedlinePLUS

... Infection of an artificial joint is known as prosthetic joint infection. GONOCOCCAL JOINT INFECTION Gonococcal joint infection ... cases, it is not possible to replace the prosthetic joint, and surgery to fuse the bones is ...

106

Butt Joint Tool Commissioning  

SciTech Connect

ITER Central Solenoid uses butt joints for connecting the pancakes in the CS module. The principles of the butt joining of the CICC were developed by the JAPT during CSMC project. The difference between the CSMC butt joint and the CS butt joint is that the CS butt joint is an in-line joint, while the CSMC is a double joint through a hairpin jumper. The CS butt joint has to carry the hoop load. The straight length of the joint is only 320 mm, and the vacuum chamber around the joint has to have a split in the clamp shell. These requirements are challenging. Fig.1 presents a CSMC joint, and Fig.2 shows a CS butt joint. The butt joint procedure was verified and demonstrated. The tool is capable of achieving all specified parameters. The vacuum in the end was a little higher than the target, which is not critical and readily correctable. We consider, tentatively that the procedure is established. Unexpectedly, we discover significant temperature nonuniformity in the joint cross section, which is not formally a violation of the specs, but is a point of concern. All testing parameters are recorded for QA purposes. We plan to modify the butt joining tool to improve its convenience of operation and provide all features necessary for production of butt joints by qualified personnel.

Martovetsky, N N

2007-12-06

107

Adhesive joint and composites modeling in SIERRA.  

SciTech Connect

Polymers and fiber-reinforced polymer matrix composites play an important role in many Defense Program applications. Recently an advanced nonlinear viscoelastic model for polymers has been developed and incorporated into ADAGIO, Sandia's SIERRA-based quasi-static analysis code. Standard linear elastic shell and continuum models for fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composites have also been added to ADAGIO. This report details the use of these models for advanced adhesive joint and composites simulations carried out as part of an Advanced Simulation and Computing Advanced Deployment (ASC AD) project. More specifically, the thermo-mechanical response of an adhesive joint when loaded during repeated thermal cycling is simulated, the response of some composite rings under internal pressurization is calculated, and the performance of a composite container subjected to internal pressurization, thermal loading, and distributed mechanical loading is determined. Finally, general comparisons between the continuum and shell element approaches for modeling composites using ADAGIO are given.

Ohashi, Yuki; Brown, Arthur A.; Hammerand, Daniel Carl; Adolf, Douglas Brian; Chambers, Robert S.; Foulk, James W., III (.,; )

2005-11-01

108

Risk Management Institute Joint Seminar Joint Seminar -  

E-print Network

around their use of leverage. Research on optimal leverage in the money management industry, howeverRisk Management Institute Joint Seminar Joint Seminar - Risk Management Institute And Department A (S14, #03-10) Speaker Prof. Wang Hefei University of Illinois, Chicago Title Leverage Management

Chaudhuri, Sanjay

109

Molecular biology of temporomandibular joint disorders: Proposed mechanisms of disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The biologic processes of temporomandibular joint adaptation and disease are poorly understood. However, recent technologic advances have provided methods that allow sophisticated studies of the molecular mechanisms that are relevant to the pathophysiology of degenerative temporomandibular joint diseases. This review examines current models of the molecular events that may underlie both adaptive and pathologic responses of the articular tissues

Stephen B Milam; John P Schmitz

1995-01-01

110

Cartilage tissue engineering for degenerative joint disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pain in the joint is often due to cartilage degeneration and represents a serious medical problem affecting people of all ages. Although many, mostly surgical techniques, are currently employed to treat cartilage lesions, none has given satisfactory results in the long term. Recent advances in biology and material science have brought tissue engineering to the forefront of new cartilage repair

Dobrila Nesic; Robert Whiteside; Mats Brittberg; David Wendt; Ivan Martin; Pierre Mainil-Varlet

2006-01-01

111

Advanced Biotechnology and Medicine  

E-print Network

An Advanced Technology Center of The New Jersey Commission on Science and Technology Jointly Administered and Technology Transfer 45 Lectures and Seminars 46 CABM Lecture Series 47 Annual Retreat 48 17th Annual including cancer, neurodegenerative disorders of children and adults, developmental defects, as well as AIDS

112

Advanced Biotechnology and Medicine  

E-print Network

An Advanced Technology Center of the New Jersey Commission on Science and Technology Jointly Administered 50 Molecular Virology Aaron Shatkin 53 Education, Training and Technology Transfer 55 Lectures expression in cancer. Autism, neural development and neurodegenerative diseases of children are the focus

113

Joint Torque Sensory Feedback in the Control of a PUMA Manipulator  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accurate control of joint forces is essential to achieve high performance in advanced assembly and other tasks that involve fine motion, active force control, or high speed operations. Joint force control can be substantially improved by sensory feedback. In this paper we present the design and describe the actual characteristics of a joint torque sensor for a PUMA 500. Using

Lawrence Pfeffer; Oussama Khatib; John Hake

1986-01-01

114

Annual Joint Report on Pre-Kindergarten through Higher Education in Tennessee, 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 2009 Annual Joint Report of the State Board of Education and the Tennessee Higher Education Commission identifies four joint priorities and nine associated goals addressing areas of need in both student learning and educator development for the advancement of education in Tennessee. The joint priorities and initiatives focus on points of…

Tennessee State Board of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

115

Annual Joint Report on Pre-Kindergarten through Higher Education in Tennessee, 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 2008 Annual Joint Report of the State Board of Education and the Tennessee Higher Education Commission identifies four joint priorities and nine associated goals addressing areas of need in both student learning and educator development for the advancement of education in Tennessee. The joint priorities and initiatives focus on points of…

Tennessee State Board of Education, 2008

2008-01-01

116

Annual Joint Report on Pre-Kindergarten through Higher Education in Tennessee, 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 2006 Annual Joint Report of the State Board of Education and the Tennessee Higher Education Commission identifies four joint priorities and nine associated goals addressing areas of need in both student learning and educator development for the advancement of education in Tennessee. The joint priorities and initiatives focus on points of…

Tennessee State Board of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

117

Advancements in HMD technology: the DARPA-sponsored SCENICC program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we report on the technical developments of the head worn display (HWD) for DARPA's SCENICC program. The goal of the SCENICC program is to provide the warfighter with vision capabilities exceeding normal human vision. This is being achieved with an advanced imaging system that is able to capture the surrounding scene with superior visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and wavelength sensitivity. With this increased visual information density, intelligent image processing provides imagery to the wearer's eyes via an advanced HWD. The goal of this HWD is to provide digital visual information at the limits of human perception over a field of view near the human peripheral vision limits. This represents a tremendous amount of information requiring novel concepts in order to achieve such ambitious goals. One important concept is the use of imaging optics located directly on the eye, moving with the eye as it changes its gaze angle. A second concept is the use of demagnification optics to convert a large, low spatial resolution image into a smaller, high spatial resolution image. This is done in conjunction with image processing that is constantly modifying the image presented based on real-time pupil tracking. In addition to enabling a high performance optical system, integrating the imaging optical components into contact lenses eliminates much of the bulky imaging optics from the HWD itself creating a high performance wearable display in a standard protective eyewear form factor. The resulting quantum advance in HWD performance will enable HWDs to expand well beyond their current limited roles.

Sprague, Randall; Zhang, Arthur; Cookson, Scott; Hendricks, Lee; O'Brien, Tyrone; Ford, Joseph; Tremblay, Eric; Rutherford, Todd; Reinert, Doug; Johnson, Adam

2013-05-01

118

Temporomandibular joint dislocation.  

PubMed

Dislocation of the temporomandibular joint is one of many pathophysiologic joint conditions that the oral and maxillofacial surgeon is challenged with managing. Managing a dislocated joint will inevitably be the challenge of most surgeons or physicians, whether in private or academic practice. Accordingly, this article addresses the pathophysiology associated with dislocation, in addition to treatment strategies aimed at managing acute, chronic, and recurrent dislocation. PMID:25483448

Liddell, Aaron; Perez, Daniel E

2015-02-01

119

Parameter identification for joint elements in a revolute-joint detector manipulator.  

SciTech Connect

A revolute-joint robot is being developed for the spatial positioning of an x-ray detector at the Advanced Photon Source. Commercially available revolute-joint manipulators do not meet our size, positioning, or payload specifications. One idea being considered is the modification of a commercially available robot, with the goal of improving the repeatability and trajectory accuracy. Theoretical, computational, and experimental procedures are being used to (1) identify, (2) simulate the dynamics of an existing robot system using a multibody approach, and eventually (3) design an improved version, with low dynamic positioning uncertainty. A key aspect of the modeling and performance prediction is accurate stiffness and damping values for the robot joints. This paper discusses the experimental identification of the stiffness and damping parameters for one robot harmonic drive joint.

Preissner, C.; Shu, D.; Royston, T.; Experimental Facilities Division (APS); Univ. of Illinois at Chicago

2005-01-01

120

14 CFR 151.111 - Advance planning proposals: General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Procedures for Advance Planning and Engineering Proposals § 151.111 ...Each advance planning and engineering proposal must relate...must relate to planning and engineering for an airport that— ...published jointly by FAA and the Civil Aeronautics Board),...

2014-01-01

121

14 CFR 151.111 - Advance planning proposals: General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Procedures for Advance Planning and Engineering Proposals § 151.111 ...Each advance planning and engineering proposal must relate...must relate to planning and engineering for an airport that— ...published jointly by FAA and the Civil Aeronautics Board),...

2012-01-01

122

14 CFR 151.111 - Advance planning proposals: General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Procedures for Advance Planning and Engineering Proposals § 151.111 ...Each advance planning and engineering proposal must relate...must relate to planning and engineering for an airport that— ...published jointly by FAA and the Civil Aeronautics Board),...

2013-01-01

123

14 CFR 151.111 - Advance planning proposals: General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Procedures for Advance Planning and Engineering Proposals § 151.111 ...Each advance planning and engineering proposal must relate...must relate to planning and engineering for an airport that— ...published jointly by FAA and the Civil Aeronautics Board),...

2010-01-01

124

14 CFR 151.111 - Advance planning proposals: General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Procedures for Advance Planning and Engineering Proposals § 151.111 ...Each advance planning and engineering proposal must relate...must relate to planning and engineering for an airport that— ...published jointly by FAA and the Civil Aeronautics Board),...

2011-01-01

125

Equivalent Continuum Modeling for Shock Wave Propagation in Jointed Media  

SciTech Connect

This study presents discrete and continuum simulations of shock wave propagating through jointed media. The simulations were performed using the Lagrangian hydrocode GEODYN-L with joints treated explicitly using an advanced contact algorithm. They studied both isotropic and anisotropic joint representations. For an isotropically jointed geologic medium, the results show that the properties of the joints can be combined with the properties of the intact rock to develop an equivalent continuum model suitable for analyzing wave propagation through the jointed medium. For an anisotropically jointed geologic medium, they found it difficult to develop an equivalent continuum (EC) model that matches the response derived from mesoscopic simulation. They also performed simulations of wave propagation through jointed media. Two appraoches are suggested for modeling the rock mass. In one approach, jointed are modeled explicitly in a Lagrangian framework with appropriate contact algorithms used to track motion along the interfaces. In the other approach, the effect of joints is taken into account using a constitutive model derived from mesoscopic simulations.

Vorobiev, O; Antoun, T

2009-12-11

126

Imaging of the temporomandibular joint: An update  

PubMed Central

Imaging of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is continuously evolving with advancement of imaging technologies. Many different imaging modalities are currently used to evaluate the TMJ. Magnetic resonance imaging is commonly used for evaluation of the TMJ due to its superior contrast resolution and its ability to acquire dynamic imaging for demonstration of the functionality of the joint. Computed tomography and ultrasound imaging have specific indication in imaging of the TMJ. This article focuses on state of the art imaging of the temporomandibular joint. Relevant normal anatomy and biomechanics of movement of the TMJ are discussed for better understanding of many TMJ pathologies. Imaging of internal derangements is discussed in detail. Different arthropathies and common tumors are also discussed in this article. PMID:25170394

Bag, Asim K; Gaddikeri, Santhosh; Singhal, Aparna; Hardin, Simms; Tran, Benson D; Medina, Josue A; Curé, Joel K

2014-01-01

127

Campylobacter Prosthetic Joint Infection  

PubMed Central

A 75-year-old man was diagnosed with probable Campylobacter jejuni prosthetic knee infection after a diarrheal illness. Joint aspirate and operative cultures were negative, but PCR of prosthesis sonicate fluid was positive, as was stool culture. Nineteen additional cases of Campylobacter prosthetic joint infection reported in the literature are reviewed. PMID:24523462

Vasoo, Shawn; Schwab, Jeramy J.; Cunningham, Scott A.; Robinson, Trisha J.; Cass, Joseph R.; Berbari, Elie F.; Walker, Randall C.; Osmon, Douglas R.

2014-01-01

128

Behavior of jointed pipelines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experimental data on the axial, bending and torsional behavior of ductile cast iron pipes with rubber gasket joints is presented. Analytical expressions are provided which predict the resistance mechanisms and behavior of the joints. The bending mechanism is found to be quite different from the axial and torsional mechanism. By repeating the tests in a specially designed soil box, the

Singhal

1984-01-01

129

Wedge Joints for Trusses  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Structure assembled rapidly with simple hand tools. Proposed locking wedge joints enable rapid assembly of lightweight beams, towers, scaffolds, and other truss-type structures. Lightweight structure assembled from tubular struts joined at nodes by wedge pins fitting into mating slots. Joint assembled rapidly by seating wedge pin in V-shaped slots and deforming end of strut until primary pawl engages it.

Wood, Kenneth E.

1987-01-01

130

Strategies for joint appointments.  

PubMed

The structure and policies governing joint appointments discussed above, are developed primarily through cooperation and collaboration between nursing service and education institutions. The joint appointee participates in the process of negotiation of salary, benefits and role responsibilities and exploration of the implications of the appointment for personal career development. Implementation and maintenance of the appointment requires the collaborative efforts of the joint appointee with both contracting agencies. Factors influencing the functioning of joint appointees have been identified and strategies to facilitate functioning presented. The joint appointee must be independent in thought and action yet adaptable to work within the boundaries of two social systems with differing values and expectations. Nursing management, peers and students can provide the support needed to overcome the frustrations and to achieve the rewards inherent in successful implementation of an exciting and innovative role. PMID:3852805

Royle, J; Crooks, D L

1985-01-01

131

Wave Propagation in Jointed Geologic Media  

SciTech Connect

Predictive modeling capabilities for wave propagation in a jointed geologic media remain a modern day scientific frontier. In part this is due to a lack of comprehensive understanding of the complex physical processes associated with the transient response of geologic material, and in part it is due to numerical challenges that prohibit accurate representation of the heterogeneities that influence the material response. Constitutive models whose properties are determined from laboratory experiments on intact samples have been shown to over-predict the free field environment in large scale field experiments. Current methodologies for deriving in situ properties from laboratory measured properties are based on empirical equations derived for static geomechanical applications involving loads of lower intensity and much longer durations than those encountered in applications of interest involving wave propagation. These methodologies are not validated for dynamic applications, and they do not account for anisotropic behavior stemming from direcitonal effects associated with the orientation of joint sets in realistic geologies. Recent advances in modeling capabilities coupled with modern high performance computing platforms enable physics-based simulations of jointed geologic media with unprecedented details, offering a prospect for significant advances in the state of the art. This report provides a brief overview of these modern computational approaches, discusses their advantages and limitations, and attempts to formulate an integrated framework leading to the development of predictive modeling capabilities for wave propagation in jointed and fractured geologic materials.

Antoun, T

2009-12-17

132

Joining of advanced materials by superplastic deformation  

DOEpatents

A method for utilizing superplastic deformation with or without a novel joint compound that leads to the joining of advanced ceramic materials, intermetallics, and cermets. A joint formed by this approach is as strong as or stronger than the materials joined. The method does not require elaborate surface preparation or application techniques.

Goretta, Kenneth C. (Downers Grove, IL); Routbort, Jules L. (Hinsdale, IL); Gutierrez-Mora, Felipe (Woodridge, IL)

2008-08-19

133

Convoy Active Safety Technologies Warfighter Experiment I  

Microsoft Academic Search

The operational ability to project and sustain forces in distant, anti-access and area denial environments poses new challenges for combatant commanders. One of the new challenges is the ability to conduct sustainment operations at operationally feasible times and places on the battlefield. Combatant commanders require a sustainment system that is agile, versatile, and survivable throughout the range of military operations

Edward Schoenherr; Bernard L. Theisen; Asisat Animashaun; James Davis Jr.; Christopher Day

2008-01-01

134

Convoy Active Safety Technologies Warfighter Experiment I  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The operational ability to project and sustain forces in distant, anti-access and area denial environments poses new challenges for combatant commanders. One of the new challenges is the ability to conduct sustainment operations at operationally feasible times and places on the battlefield. Combatant commanders require a sustainment system that is agile, versatile, and survivable throughout the range of military operations and across the spectrum of conflict. A key component of conducting responsive, operationally feasible sustainment operations is the ability to conduct sustainment convoys. Sustainment convoys are critical to providing combatant commanders the right support, at the right time and place, and in the right quantities, across the full range of military operations. The ability to conduct sustainment convoys in a variety of hostile environments require force protection measures that address the enemy threat and protect the Soldier. One cost effective, technically feasible method of increasing the force protection for sustainment convoys is the use of robotic follower technology and autonomous navigation. The Convoy Active Safety Technologies (CAST) system is a driver assist, convoy autopilot technology aimed to address these issues. Warfigher Experiment I, held at A.P. Hill, VA in the fall of 2007, tested the utility of this vehicle following technology not only in measures of system integrity and performance vs. manual driving, but also the physiological effects on the operators themselves. This paper will detail the Warfigher Experiment's methodology, analysis, results and conclusions.

Schoenherr, Edward; Theisen, Bernard L.; Animashaun, Asisat; Davis, James, Jr.; Day, Christopher

2008-04-01

135

Compliant Joints For Robots  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Compliant joints devised to accommodate misalignments of tools and/or workpieces with respect to robotic manipulators. Has characteristics and appearance of both universal-joint and cable-spring-type flexible shaft coupling. Compliance derived from elastic properties of short pieces of cable. Compliance of joint determined by lengths, distances between, relative orientations, thickness of strands, number of strands, material, amount of pretwist, and number of short pieces of cable. Worm-drive mechanism used to adjust lengths to vary compliance as needed during operation.

Kerley, James J., Jr.

1990-01-01

136

Culture - joint fluid  

MedlinePLUS

Joint fluid culture ... fungi, or viruses grow. This is called a culture. If such microorganisms are detected, other tests may ... is no special preparation needed for the lab culture. For information on preparing for the removal of ...

137

Healthy Joints Matter  

MedlinePLUS

... caused by a buildup of uric acid (YOOR-ic acid) crystals in the joints, most commonly in ... form of arthritis called psoriatic (sore-ee-AT-ic) arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis (ROO-muh-toid ar-THRY- ...

138

Clinical features of symptomatic patellofemoral joint osteoarthritis  

PubMed Central

Introduction Patellofemoral joint osteoarthritis (OA) is common and leads to pain and disability. However, current classification criteria do not distinguish between patellofemoral and tibiofemoral joint OA. The objective of this study was to provide empirical evidence of the clinical features of patellofemoral joint OA (PFJOA) and to explore the potential for making a confident clinical diagnosis in the community setting. Methods This was a population-based cross-sectional study of 745 adults aged ?50 years with knee pain. Information on risk factors and clinical signs and symptoms was gathered by a self-complete questionnaire, and standardised clinical interview and examination. Three radiographic views of the knee were obtained (weight-bearing semi-flexed posteroanterior, supine skyline and lateral) and individuals were classified into four subsets (no radiographic OA, isolated PFJOA, isolated tibiofemoral joint OA, combined patellofemoral/tibiofemoral joint OA) according to two different cut-offs: 'any OA' and 'moderate to severe OA'. A series of binary logistic and multinomial regression functions were performed to compare the clinical features of each subset and their ability in combination to discriminate PFJOA from other subsets. Results Distinctive clinical features of moderate to severe isolated PFJOA included a history of dramatic swelling, valgus deformity, markedly reduced quadriceps strength, and pain on patellofemoral joint compression. Mild isolated PFJOA was barely distinguished from no radiographic OA (AUC 0.71, 95% CI 0.66, 0.76) with only difficulty descending stairs and coarse crepitus marginally informative over age, sex and body mass index. Other cardinal signs of knee OA - the presence of effusion, bony enlargement, reduced flexion range of movement, mediolateral instability and varus deformity - were indicators of tibiofemoral joint OA. Conclusions Early isolated PFJOA is clinically manifest in symptoms and self-reported functional limitation but has fewer clear clinical signs. More advanced disease is indicated by a small number of simple-to-assess signs and the relative absence of classic signs of knee OA, which are predominantly manifestations of tibiofemoral joint OA. Confident diagnosis of even more advanced PFJOA may be limited in the community setting. PMID:22417687

2012-01-01

139

Optimization of bonded joints  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A procedure for minimizing the elastic shear stress concentration in adhesive lap joints is presented. The proposed method is based upon tapering the adherends to achieve smooth stiffness transitions and uniform shear stresses. Both single and double lap splices are considered, but numerical examples are restricted to the case of double lap joints. Nonisotropic materials and nonoptimum design limitations, such as minimum and maximum thickness adherends, load-line eccentricity, and peel stresses are treated, and typical results are presented.

Ojalvo, I. U.

1983-01-01

140

Joint Contact Stress  

PubMed Central

A joint's normal mechanical history contributes to the maintenance of articular cartilage and underlying bone. Loading facilitates the flow of nutrients into cartilage and waste products away, and additionally provides the mechanical signals essential for normal cell and tissue maintenance. Deleteriously low or high contact stresses have been presumed to result in joint deterioration, and particular aspects of the mechanical environment may facilitate repair of damaged cartilage. For decades, investigators have explored static joint contact stresses (under some more or less arbitrary condition) as a surrogate of the relevant mechanical history. Contact stresses have been estimated in vitro in many joints and in a number of species, although only rarely in vivo. Despite a number of widely varying techniques (and spatial resolutions) to measure these contact stresses, reported ranges of static peak normal stresses are relatively similar from joint to joint across species, and in the range of 0.5 to 5.0 MPa. This suggests vertebrate diarthrodial joints have evolved to achieve similar mechanical design criteria. Available evidence also suggests some disorders of cartilage deterioration are associated with somewhat higher peak pressures ranging from 1-20 MPa, but overlapping the range of normal pressures. Some evidence and considerable logic suggests static contact stresses per se do not predict cartilage responses, but rather temporal aspects of the contact stress history. Static contact stresses may therefore not be a reasonable surrogate for biomechanical studies. Rather, temporal and spatial aspects of the loading history undoubtedly induce beneficial and deleterious biological responses. Finally, since all articular cartilage experiences similar stresses, the concept of a "weight-bearing" versus a "non-weight-bearing" joint seems flawed, and should be abandoned. PMID:16089079

Brand, Richard A

2005-01-01

141

Joint hypermobility syndrome pain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS) was initially defined as the occurrence of musculoskeletal symptoms in the presence of\\u000a joint laxity and hypermobility in otherwise healthy individuals. It is now perceived as a commonly overlooked, underdiagnosed,\\u000a multifaceted, and multisystemic heritable disorder of connective tissue (HDCT), which shares many of the phenotypic features\\u000a of other HDCTs such as Marfan syndrome and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.

Rodney Grahame

2009-01-01

142

Design for enhanced solder joint reliability of integrated passives device under board level drop test and thermal cycling test  

Microsoft Academic Search

The integrated passives device (IPD) is an advanced substrate with embedded passives. The device is mounted to the board with lead-free solder joints. Detailed solder joint reliability models are established for both drop test and thermal cycling test for IPD packages. For drop test, the critical solder joints are observed along the outermost row in the PCB length direction. For

Tong Yan Tee; Hun Shen Ng; Zhaowei Zhongb

2003-01-01

143

High pressure ceramic joint  

DOEpatents

Many recuperators have components which react to corrosive gases and are used in applications where the donor fluid includes highly corrosive gases. These recuperators have suffered reduced life, increased service or maintenance, and resulted in increased cost. The present joint when used with recuperators increases the use of ceramic components which do not react to highly corrosive gases. Thus, the present joint used with the present recuperator increases the life, reduces the service and maintenance, and reduces the increased cost associated with corrosive action of components used to manufacture recuperators. The present joint is comprised of a first ceramic member, a second ceramic member, a mechanical locking device having a groove defined in one of the first ceramic member and the second ceramic member. The joint and the mechanical locking device is further comprised of a refractory material disposed in the groove and contacting the first ceramic member and the second ceramic member. The present joint mechanically provides a high strength load bearing joint having good thermal cycling characteristics, good resistance to a corrosive environment and good steady state strength at elevated temperatures. 4 figures.

Ward, M.E.; Harkins, B.D.

1993-11-30

144

Adhesively-bonded joints and repairs in metallic alloys, polymers and composite materials: Adhesives, adhesion theories and surface pretreatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present paper, the following topics are reviewed in detail: (a) the available adhesives, as well as their recent advances, (b) thermodynamic factors affecting the surface pretreatments including adhesion theories, wettability, surface energy, (c) bonding mechanisms in the adhesive joints, (d) surface pretreatment methods for the adhesively bonded joints, and as well as their recent advances, and (e) combined

A. Baldan

2004-01-01

145

Dissimilar metals joint evaluation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Dissimilar metals tubular joints between 2219-T851 aluminum alloy and 304L stainless steel were fabricated and tested to evaluate bonding processes. Joints were fabricated by four processes: (1) inertia (friction) weldings, where the metals are spun and forced together to create the weld; (2) explosive welding, where the metals are impacted together at high velocity; (3) co-extrusion, where the metals are extruded in contact at high temperature to promote diffusion; and (4) swaging, where residual stresses in the metals after a stretching operation maintain forced contact in mutual shear areas. Fifteen joints of each type were prepared and evaluated in a 6.35 cm (2.50 in.) O.D. size, with 0.32 cm (0.13 in.) wall thickness, and 7.6 cm (3.0 in) total length. The joints were tested to evaluate their ability to withstand pressure cycle, thermal cycle, galvanic corrosion and burst tests. Leakage tests and other non-destructive test techniques were used to evaluate the behavior of the joints, and the microstructure of the bond areas was analyzed.

Wakefield, M. E.; Apodaca, L. E.

1974-01-01

146

Acromioclavicular Joint Injuries  

PubMed Central

Objective: To discuss the anatomy and biomechanics of the acromioclavicular (AC) joint, along with the clinical evaluation and treatment of an athlete with an AC joint injury. Data Sources: I searched MEDLINE from 1970 through 1999 under the key words “acromioclavicular joint,” “clavicle,” “acromioclavicular separation,” and “acromioclavicular dislocation.” Knowledge base was an additional source. Data Synthesis: AC joint injury is common in athletes and a source of significant morbidity, particularly for athletes in overhead sports. Because this injury can masquerade as other shoulder conditions, the examiner must understand the anatomy and biomechanics of the shoulder in order to perform a systematic clinical evaluation and identify the injury. Conclusions/Recommendations: Careful attention to the clinical evaluation allows the clinician to categorize the athlete's AC joint injury and institute appropriate treatment in a timely fashion, thus permitting the athlete to return to sport as quickly and safely as possible. ImagesFigure 1.Figure 2.Figure 3.Figure 4.Figure 5.Figure 6.Figure 7. PMID:16558638

Beim, Gloria M.

2000-01-01

147

Distal radioulnar joint injuries  

PubMed Central

Distal radioulnar joint is a trochoid joint relatively new in evolution. Along with proximal radioulnar joint, forearm bones and interosseous membrane, it allows pronosupination and load transmission across the wrist. Injuries around distal radioulnar joint are not uncommon, and are usually associated with distal radius fractures,fractures of the ulnar styloid and with the eponymous Galeazzi or Essex_Lopresti fractures. The injury can be purely involving the soft tissue especially the triangular fibrocartilage or the radioulnar ligaments. The patients usually present with ulnar sided wrist pain, features of instability, or restriction of rotation. Difficulty in carrying loads in the hand is a major constraint for these patients. Thorough clinical examination to localize point of tenderness and appropriate provocative tests help in diagnosis. Radiology and MRI are extremely useful, while arthroscopy is the gold standard for evaluation. The treatment protocols are continuously evolving and range from conservative, arthroscopic to open surgical methods. Isolated dislocation are uncommon. Basal fractures of the ulnar styloid tend to make the joint unstable and may require operative intervention. Chronic instability requires reconstruction of the stabilizing ligaments to avoid onset of arthritis. Prosthetic replacement in arthritis is gaining acceptance in the management of arthritis. PMID:23162140

Thomas, Binu P; Sreekanth, Raveendran

2012-01-01

148

Thermomechanical Stress and Strain in Solder Joints During Electromigration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thermomechanical stress and strain in the solder joints of a dummy area array package were studied as electromigration occurred. A current density of 0.4 × 104 A/cm2 was applied to this package, constructed with 9 × 9 solder joints in a daisy chain, to perform the electromigration test. After 37 h, the first joint on the path of the electron flow broke off at the cathode, and the first three solder joints all exhibited a typical accumulation of intermetallic compounds at the anode. Different solder joints exhibited dissimilar electromigration states, such as steady state and nonsteady state. Finite element analysis indicated that during steady-state electromigration, although the symmetrical structure produced uniform distributions of current density and Joule heating in all solder joints, the distribution of temperature was nonuniform. This was due to the imbalanced heat dissipation, which in turn affected the distribution of thermomechanical stress and strain in the solder joints. The maximum thermomechanical stress and strain, as well the highest temperature and current crowding, appeared in the Ni/Cu layer of each joint. The strain in the Ni/Cu layer was significant along the z-axis, but was constrained in the x- y plane. The thermomechanical stress and strain increased with advancing electromigration; thus, a potential delamination between the Ni/Cu layer and the printed circuit board could occur.

Zhang, J. S.; Xi, H. J.; Wu, Y. P.; Wu, F. S.

2009-05-01

149

Robotic Bladder Joint  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Reliable, lightweight robotic joint suitable for variety of applications, actuated hydraulically, without need for heavy mechanical cylinders or gears on joint itself. Includes two members; first member rotates about pin at end of second member. Includes cam, over which tension line stretched. Ends of tension line anchored at end of second member opposite end that holds pin. Bladder placed on each side of second member, squeezed between second member and tension line. Pressures and/or amounts of fluid in bladders controlled by use of conventional equipment like pumps, valves, and reservoirs. Bladder on one side inflated more than on other side; greater inflation on one side causes greater stretching of tension line on that side. Greater tension pulls on cam, turning first member toward that side. Angle of joint controlled by controlling differential inflation of two bladders.

Robertson, Glen A.

1995-01-01

150

Quick acting gimbal joint  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present invention relates to an adjustable linkage assembly for selectively retaining the position of one member pivotable with respect to another member. More specifically, the invention relates to a linkage assembly commonly referred to as a gimbal joint, and particularly to a quick release or quick acting gimbal joint. The assembly is relatively simple in construction, compact in size, and has superior locking strength in any selected position. The device can be quickly and easily actuated, without separate tooling, by inexperienced personnel or by computer controlled equipment. It also is designed to prevent inadvertent actuation.

Wood, William B. (inventor); Krch, Gary D. (inventor)

1993-01-01

151

Joint for deployable structures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A joint is described for connecting a pair of beams to pivot them between positions in alignment or beside one another, which is of light weight and which operates in a controlled manner. The joint includes a pair of fittings and at least one center link having opposite ends pivotally connected to opposite fittings and having axes that pass through centerplates of the fittings. A control link having opposite ends pivotally connected to the different fittings controls their relative orientations, and a toggle assemly holds the fittings in the deployed configuration wherein they are aligned. The fittings have stops that lie on one side of the centerplane opposite the toggle assembly.

Craighead, N. D., II; Preliasco, R. J.; Hult, T. D. (inventors)

1985-01-01

152

Prosthetic Joint Infection  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a tremendous burden for individual patients as well as the global health care industry. While a small minority of joint arthroplasties will become infected, appropriate recognition and management are critical to preserve or restore adequate function and prevent excess morbidity. In this review, we describe the reported risk factors for and clinical manifestations of PJI. We discuss the pathogenesis of PJI and the numerous microorganisms that can cause this devastating infection. The recently proposed consensus definitions of PJI and approaches to accurate diagnosis are reviewed in detail. An overview of the treatment and prevention of this challenging condition is provided. PMID:24696437

Tande, Aaron J.

2014-01-01

153

Prosthetic joint infection.  

PubMed

Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a tremendous burden for individual patients as well as the global health care industry. While a small minority of joint arthroplasties will become infected, appropriate recognition and management are critical to preserve or restore adequate function and prevent excess morbidity. In this review, we describe the reported risk factors for and clinical manifestations of PJI. We discuss the pathogenesis of PJI and the numerous microorganisms that can cause this devastating infection. The recently proposed consensus definitions of PJI and approaches to accurate diagnosis are reviewed in detail. An overview of the treatment and prevention of this challenging condition is provided. PMID:24696437

Tande, Aaron J; Patel, Robin

2014-04-01

154

New Joint Sealants. Criteria, Design and Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contents include--(1) sealing concrete joints, (2) sealing glass and metal joints, (3) metal and glass joint sealants from a fabricator's viewpoint, (4) a theory of adhesion for joint sealants, (5) geometry of simple joint seals under strain, (6) joint sealant specifications from a manufacturer's viewpoint, (7) joint sealant requirements from an…

Building Research Inst., Inc., Washington, DC.

155

Joint Space Operations Center (JSpOC) Mission System (JMS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

US space capabilities benefit the economy, national security, international relationships, scientific discovery, and our quality of life. Realizing these space responsibilities is challenging not only because the space domain is increasingly congested, contested, and competitive but is further complicated by the legacy space situational awareness (SSA) systems approaching end of life and inability to provide the breadth of SSA and command and control (C2) of space forces in this challenging domain. JMS will provide the capabilities to effectively employ space forces in this challenging domain. Requirements for JMS were developed based on regular, on-going engagement with the warfighter. The use of DoD Architecture Framework (DoDAF) products facilitated requirements scoping and understanding and transferred directly to defining and documenting the requirements in the approved Capability Development Document (CDD). As part of the risk reduction efforts, the Electronic System Center (ESC) JMS System Program Office (SPO) fielded JMS Capability Package (CP) 0 which includes an initial service oriented architecture (SOA) and user defined operational picture (UDOP) along with force status, sensor management, and analysis tools. Development efforts are planned to leverage and integrate prototypes and other research projects from Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Air Force Research Laboratories, Space Innovation and Development Center, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology/Lincoln Laboratories. JMS provides a number of benefits to the space community: a reduction in operational “transaction time” to accomplish key activities and processes; ability to process the increased volume of metric observations from new sensors (e.g., SBSS, SST, Space Fence), as well as owner/operator ephemerides thus enhancing the high accuracy near-real-time catalog, and greater automation of SSA data sharing supporting collaboration with government, civil, commercial, and foreign entities. Continued success in JMS depends on continued support from across the space community. Key activities where community participation is essential include the C2 SSA Community of Interest (COI) development and refinement, creative strategies for faster, better, cheaper development, and defining the next set of capabilities.

Morton, M.; Roberts, T.

2011-09-01

156

CARTILAGE, BONES, AND JOINTS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Cartilage is a special type of connective tissue that is of extreme importance in embryonic development, serving as the model upon which true bone is later formed. Cartilage also persists in adult animals, primarily as articular cartilage which cushions the interface between adjacent bones or joint...

157

Evolving flexible joint morphologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transferring virtual robotic designs into physical robots has become possible with the development of 3D printers. Accurately simulating the performance of real robots in a virtual environment requires modeling a variety of conditions, including the physical composition of the robots themselves. In this paper, we investigate how modeling material flexibility through the use of a passive joint affects the resulting

Jared M. Moore; Philip K. McKinley

2012-01-01

158

Biologics — beyond the joints  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biologics including tumor necrosis factor ? (TNF-?), interleukin-6 receptor (IL-6R), T and B cell inhibitors are very effective therapeutic agents for the treatment of arthritides. These compounds effectively improve articular symptoms and inhibit joint damage. In this respect, there are no major differences in the efficacy of the available biologics. However, many arthritis patients also exert extra-articular features, systemic manifestations

Zoltán Szekanecz; Sándor Szántó; Zoltán Szabó; Andrea Váncsa; Szilvia Szamosi; Nóra Bodnár; Gabriella Szücs

2010-01-01

159

Dolphin Skeleton (Gliding Joint)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The dolphin is built to be sleek. Its body is made of almost entirely backbone (a gliding joint) which makes it very flexible under water. The ribs protect the inner organs of the dolphin and the tail beats from side to side, thrusting the animal forward.

Ketan Patel (California State University, Fullerton; )

2007-07-14

160

LARP Joint IR studies  

E-print Network

LARP initiated Joint IR Studies (JIRS) in October 2007 (FY2008) to coordinate efforts related to the LHC Phase I and II upgrades previously situated either in Accelerator Systems or in Magnet Systems. This note outlines JIRS goals, main directions and milestones.

Zlobin, A V

2008-01-01

161

Dual-Eccentric Clevis Joint  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Redesigned clevis joint incorporates dual mating eccentric cylindrical bushings to accommodate dimensional tolerances. Eliminates need for combination of oppositely threaded collar and bushing and makes overall joint hardware fit within available space.

Fairbank, Diana L.; Sertich, John J.

1996-01-01

162

Advanced Training Technologies and Learning Environments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document contains the proceedings of the Workshop on Advanced Training Technologies and Learning Environments held at NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia, March 9-10, 1999. The workshop was jointly sponsored by the University of Virginia's Center for Advanced Computational Technology and NASA. Workshop attendees were from NASA, other government agencies, industry, and universities. The objective of the workshop was to assess the status and effectiveness of different advanced training technologies and learning environments.

Noor, Ahmed K. (Compiler); Malone, John B. (Compiler)

1999-01-01

163

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

SciTech Connect

This report includes a review of the progress made in ACTF Flow Loop development and research during 90 days pre-award period (May 15-July 14, 1999) and the following three months after the project approval date (July15-October 15, 1999) The report presents information on the following specific subjects; (a) Progress in Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility design and development, (b) Progress report on the research project ''Study of Flow of Synthetic Drilling Fluids Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (c) Progress report on the research project ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (d) Progress report on the research project ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Muds Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (e) Progress report on the research project ''Study of Foam Flow Behavior Under EPET Conditions'', (f) Progress report on the instrumentation tasks (Tasks 11 and 12) (g) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with oil and service company members.

Ergun Kuru; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Gerald Kane; Len Volk; Mark Pickell; Evren Ozbayoglu; Barkim Demirdal; Paco Vieira; Affonso Lourenco

1999-10-15

164

Oxidative stress and degenerative temporomandibular joint disease: A proposed hypothesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The molecular events that underlie degenerative temporomandibular joint diseases are poorly understood. Recent studies have provided evidence that a variety of molecular species, including cytokines, matrix degrading enzymes, neuropeptides, and arachidonic acid catabolites may be involved. This paper advances the theory that mechanical stresses lead to the accumulation of damaging free radicals in affected articular tissues of susceptible individuals. This

Stephen B Milam; Gustavo Zardeneta; John P Schmitz

1998-01-01

165

Determination of Parachute Joint Factors using Seam and Joint Testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper details the methodology for determining the joint factor for all parachute components. This method has been successfully implemented on the Capsule Parachute Assembly System (CPAS) for the NASA Orion crew module for use in determining the margin of safety for each component under peak loads. Also discussed are concepts behind the joint factor and what drives the loss of material strength at joints. The joint factor is defined as a "loss in joint strength...relative to the basic material strength" that occurs when "textiles are connected to each other or to metals." During the CPAS engineering development phase, a conservative joint factor of 0.80 was assumed for each parachute component. In order to refine this factor and eliminate excess conservatism, a seam and joint testing program was implemented as part of the structural validation. This method split each of the parachute structural joints into discrete tensile tests designed to duplicate the loading of each joint. Breaking strength data collected from destructive pull testing was then used to calculate the joint factor in the form of an efficiency. Joint efficiency is the percentage of the base material strength that remains after degradation due to sewing or interaction with other components; it is used interchangeably with joint factor in this paper. Parachute materials vary in type-mainly cord, tape, webbing, and cloth -which require different test fixtures and joint sample construction methods. This paper defines guidelines for designing and testing samples based on materials and test goals. Using the test methodology and analysis approach detailed in this paper, the minimum joint factor for each parachute component can be formulated. The joint factors can then be used to calculate the design factor and margin of safety for that component, a critical part of the design verification process.

Mollmann, Catherine

2015-01-01

166

Cellular Pressure-Actuated Joint  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A modification of a pressure-actuated joint has been proposed to improve its pressure actuation in such a manner as to reduce the potential for leakage of the pressurizing fluid. The specific joint for which the modification is proposed is a field joint in a reusable solid-fuel rocket motor (RSRM), in which the pressurizing fluid is a mixture of hot combustion gases. The proposed modification could also be applicable to other pressure-actuated joints of similar configuration.

McGuire, John R.

2003-01-01

167

Joint Seminar Risk Management Institute &  

E-print Network

Joint Seminar Risk Management Institute & Department of Mathematics Details of Seminar Date empirical phenomena of the negative variance risk premium and implied volatility smirk if market into account. This is a joint work with Eric C. Chang and Huimin Zhao. Risk Management Institute Joint Seminar

Chaudhuri, Sanjay

168

Double slotted socket spherical joint  

DOEpatents

A new class of spherical joints is disclosed. These spherical joints are capable of extremely large angular displacements (full cone angles in excess of 270.degree.), while exhibiting no singularities or dead spots in their range of motion. These joints can improve or simplify a wide range of mechanical devices.

Bieg, Lothar F. (Albuquerque, NM); Benavides, Gilbert L. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-05-22

169

Phase 1 Program Joint Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report consists of inputs from each of the Phase I Program Joint Working Groups. The Working Groups were tasked to describe the organizational structure and work processes that they used during the program, joint accomplishments, lessons learned, and applications to the International Space Station Program. This report is a top-level joint reference document that contains information of interest to both countries.

Nield, George C. (Editor); Vorobiev, Pavel Mikhailovich (Editor)

1999-01-01

170

Economical Joint for Truss Structures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mass-produced flat parts easily assembled. Joint for three-dimensional truss made of simple die-cutplates and inexpensive fasteners. Each truss joint consists of two identical interlocking plates bolted, welded, or glued together. Truss struts bolted to joint through holes in plate. Alternatively, ends of struts forked so that they slip over plates and fastened to them by bolts or pins.

Moore, Carleton J.

1987-01-01

171

The Challenges of Joint Attention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the concept of joint at- tention and the dierent skills underlying its development. We argue that joint attention is much more than gaze following or simul- taneous looking because it implies a shared intentional relation to the world. The current state-of-the-art in robotic and computational models of the dierent prerequisites of joint attention is discussed in relation

Frederic Kaplan; Verena V. Hafner

2004-01-01

172

Joint Center for Energy Storage Research  

SciTech Connect

The Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR) is a major public-private research partnership that integrates U.S. Department of Energy national laboratories, major research universities and leading industrial companies to overcome critical scientific challenges and technical barriers, leading to the creation of breakthrough energy storage technologies. JCESR, centered at Argonne National Laboratory, outside of Chicago, consolidates decades of basic research experience that forms the foundation of innovative advanced battery technologies. The partnership has access to some of the world's leading battery researchers as well as scientific research facilities that are needed to develop energy storage materials that will revolutionize the way the United States and the world use energy.

Eric Isaacs

2012-11-30

173

49 CFR 213.121 - Rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Transportation 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Rail joints. 213.121 Section 213.121 Transportation...SAFETY STANDARDS Track Structure § 213.121 Rail joints. (a) Each rail joint, insulated joint, and compromise...

2011-10-01

174

49 CFR 213.121 - Rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Transportation 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Rail joints. 213.121 Section 213.121 Transportation...SAFETY STANDARDS Track Structure § 213.121 Rail joints. (a) Each rail joint, insulated joint, and compromise...

2014-10-01

175

49 CFR 213.121 - Rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Transportation 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Rail joints. 213.121 Section 213.121 Transportation...SAFETY STANDARDS Track Structure § 213.121 Rail joints. (a) Each rail joint, insulated joint, and compromise...

2012-10-01

176

49 CFR 213.121 - Rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Rail joints. 213.121 Section 213.121 Transportation...SAFETY STANDARDS Track Structure § 213.121 Rail joints. (a) Each rail joint, insulated joint, and compromise...

2010-10-01

177

49 CFR 213.121 - Rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Transportation 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Rail joints. 213.121 Section 213.121 Transportation...SAFETY STANDARDS Track Structure § 213.121 Rail joints. (a) Each rail joint, insulated joint, and compromise...

2013-10-01

178

Improved high-temperature gimbal joint  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Development and characteristics of bellows gimbal joint for reduction of thermal stress effects are discussed. Reactions of designed joint to changes in temperature are described. Illustrations of conventional gimbal joint and improved gimbal joint are provided.

Winemiller, J. R.; Yee, S. T.; Neal, B. H.

1972-01-01

179

14 CFR 29.935 - Shafting joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...ROTORCRAFT Powerplant Rotor Drive System § 29.935 Shafting joints. Each universal joint, slip joint, and other shafting joints whose lubrication is necessary for operation must have provision for...

2014-01-01

180

14 CFR 29.935 - Shafting joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ROTORCRAFT Powerplant Rotor Drive System § 29.935 Shafting joints. Each universal joint, slip joint, and other shafting joints whose lubrication is necessary for operation must have provision for...

2012-01-01

181

14 CFR 29.935 - Shafting joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ROTORCRAFT Powerplant Rotor Drive System § 29.935 Shafting joints. Each universal joint, slip joint, and other shafting joints whose lubrication is necessary for operation must have provision for...

2010-01-01

182

14 CFR 27.935 - Shafting joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ROTORCRAFT Powerplant Rotor Drive System § 27.935 Shafting joints. Each universal joint, slip joint, and other shafting joints whose lubrication is necessary for operation must have provision for...

2010-01-01

183

14 CFR 27.935 - Shafting joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ROTORCRAFT Powerplant Rotor Drive System § 27.935 Shafting joints. Each universal joint, slip joint, and other shafting joints whose lubrication is necessary for operation must have provision for...

2012-01-01

184

14 CFR 29.935 - Shafting joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ROTORCRAFT Powerplant Rotor Drive System § 29.935 Shafting joints. Each universal joint, slip joint, and other shafting joints whose lubrication is necessary for operation must have provision for...

2011-01-01

185

14 CFR 29.935 - Shafting joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ROTORCRAFT Powerplant Rotor Drive System § 29.935 Shafting joints. Each universal joint, slip joint, and other shafting joints whose lubrication is necessary for operation must have provision for...

2013-01-01

186

14 CFR 27.935 - Shafting joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ROTORCRAFT Powerplant Rotor Drive System § 27.935 Shafting joints. Each universal joint, slip joint, and other shafting joints whose lubrication is necessary for operation must have provision for...

2013-01-01

187

14 CFR 27.935 - Shafting joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ROTORCRAFT Powerplant Rotor Drive System § 27.935 Shafting joints. Each universal joint, slip joint, and other shafting joints whose lubrication is necessary for operation must have provision for...

2011-01-01

188

14 CFR 27.935 - Shafting joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...ROTORCRAFT Powerplant Rotor Drive System § 27.935 Shafting joints. Each universal joint, slip joint, and other shafting joints whose lubrication is necessary for operation must have provision for...

2014-01-01

189

Formation of tough composite joints  

SciTech Connect

Joints which exhibit tough fracture behavior were formed in a composite with a Si/SiC matrix reinforced with Textron SCS-6 fibers with either boron nitride or silicon nitride fiber coatings. In composites with BN coatings fibers were aligned uniaxially, while composites with Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}-coated fibers had a 0/90{degree} architecture. Lapped joints (joints with overlapping fingers) were necessary to obtain tough behavior. Geometrical requirements necessary to avoid brittle joint failure have been proposed. Joints with a simple overlap geometry (only a few fingers) would have to be very long in order to prevent brittle failure. Typical failure in these joints is caused by a crack propagating along the interfaces between the joint fingers. Joints of the same overall length, but with geometry changed to be symmetric about the joint centerline and with an extra shear surface exhibited tough fractures accompanied with extensive fiber pullout. The initial matrix cracking of these joints was relatively low because cracks propagated easily through the ends of the fingers. Joints with an optimized stepped sawtooth geometry produced composite-like failures with the stress/strain curves containing an elastic region followed by a region of rising stress with an increase of strain. Increasing the fiber/matrix interfacial strength from 9 to 25 MPa, by changing the fiber coating, increased matrix cracking and ultimate strength of the composite significantly. The best joints had matrix cracking stress and ultimate strength of 138 and 240 MPa, respectively. Joint failure was preceded by multiple matrix cracking in the entire composite. The high strength of the joints will permit building of structures containing joints with only a minor reduction of design stresses.

Brun, M.K. [GE Corporate Research and Development, Schenectady, NY (United States)

1997-05-01

190

Prosthetic elbow joint  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An artificial, manually positionable elbow joint for use in an upper extremity, above-elbow, prosthetic is described. The prosthesis provides a locking feature that is easily controlled by the wearer. The instant elbow joint is very strong and durable enough to withstand the repeated heavy loadings encountered by a wearer who works in an industrial, construction, farming, or similar environment. The elbow joint of the present invention comprises a turntable, a frame, a forearm, and a locking assembly. The frame generally includes a housing for the locking assembly and two protruding ears. The forearm includes an elongated beam having a cup-shaped cylindrical member at one end and a locking wheel having a plurality of holes along a circular arc on its other end with a central bore for pivotal attachment to the protruding ears of the frame. The locking assembly includes a collar having a central opening with a plurality of internal grooves, a plurality of internal cam members each having a chamfered surface at one end and a V-shaped slot at its other end; an elongated locking pin having a crown wheel with cam surfaces and locking lugs secured thereto; two coiled compression springs; and a flexible filament attached to one end of the elongated locking pin and extending from the locking assembly for extending and retracting the locking pin into the holes in the locking wheel to permit selective adjustment of the forearm relative to the frame. In use, the turntable is affixed to the upper arm part of the prosthetic in the conventional manner, and the cup-shaped cylindrical member on one end of the forearm is affixed to the forearm piece of the prosthetic in the conventional manner. The elbow joint is easily adjusted and locked between maximum flex and extended positions.

Weddendorf, Bruce C. (inventor)

1994-01-01

191

Horizontal Advanced Tensiometer  

DOEpatents

An horizontal advanced tensiometer is described that allows the monitoring of the water pressure of soil positions, particularly beneath objects or materials that inhibit the use of previous monitoring wells. The tensiometer includes a porous cup, a pressure transducer (with an attached gasket device), an adaptive chamber, at least one outer guide tube which allows access to the desired horizontal position, a transducer wire, a data logger and preferably an inner guide tube and a specialized joint which provides pressure on the inner guide tube to maintain the seal between the gasket of the transducer and the adaptive chamber.

Hubbell, Joel M.; Sisson, James B.

2004-06-22

192

Formation of tough composite joints  

SciTech Connect

Joints that exhibited tough fracture behavior were formed in a Si/SiC matrix reinforced with Textron SCS-6 fibers with either boron nitride or silicon nitride fiber coatings. Lapped joints (joints with overlapping fingers) were necessary to obtain tough behavior. Geometrical requirements necessary to avoid brittle joint failure were proposed. Joints with a simple overlap geometry (only a few fingers) had to be very long in order to prevent brittle failure. Joints with an optimized stepped sawtooth geometry produced composite-like failures with the stress/strain curves containing an elastic region followed by a region of rising stress with an increase of strain. Increasing the fiber/matrix interfacial strength, by changing the fiber coating, significantly increased matrix cracking and ultimate strength of the joints. The best joints had matrix cracking stress and ultimate strength of 138 and 240 MPa, respectively. Joint failure was preceded by multiple matrix cracking in the entire composite. The high strength of the joints should permit building of structures containing joints with only a minor reduction of design stresses.

Brun, M.K. [GE Corporate Research and Development, Schenectady, NY (United States)

1998-12-01

193

Cartilage tissue engineering for degenerative joint disease.  

PubMed

Pain in the joint is often due to cartilage degeneration and represents a serious medical problem affecting people of all ages. Although many, mostly surgical techniques, are currently employed to treat cartilage lesions, none has given satisfactory results in the long term. Recent advances in biology and material science have brought tissue engineering to the forefront of new cartilage repair techniques. The combination of autologous cells, specifically designed scaffolds, bioreactors, mechanical stimulations and growth factors together with the knowledge that underlies the principles of cell biology offers promising avenues for cartilage tissue regeneration. The present review explores basic biology mechanisms for cartilage reconstruction and summarizes the advances in the tissue engineering approaches. Furthermore, the limits of the new methods and their potential application in the osteoarthritic conditions are discussed. PMID:16574268

Nesic, Dobrila; Whiteside, Robert; Brittberg, Mats; Wendt, David; Martin, Ivan; Mainil-Varlet, Pierre

2006-05-20

194

A Revolute Joint With Linear Load-Displacement Response for Precision Deployable Structures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Langley Research center is developing key structures and mechanisms technologies for micron-accuracy, in-space deployment of future space instruments. Achieving micron-accuracy deployment requires significant advancements in deployment mechanism design such as the revolute joint presented herein. The joint presented herein exhibits a load-cycling response that is essentially linear with less than two percent hysteresis, and the joint rotates with less than one in.-oz. of resistance. A prototype reflector metering truss incorporating the joint exhibits only a few microns of kinematic error under repeated deployment and impulse loading. No other mechanically deployable structure found in literature has been demonstrated to be this kinematically accurate.

Lake, Mark S.; Warren, Peter A.; Peterson, Lee D.

1996-01-01

195

Joint infectious causation of human cancers.  

PubMed

Joint infectious causation of cancer has been accepted in a few well-studied instances, including Burkitt's lymphoma and liver cancer. In general, evidence for the involvement of parasitic agents in oncogenesis has expanded, and recent advances in the application of molecular techniques have revealed specific mechanisms by which host cells are transformed. Many parasites evolve to circumvent immune-mediated detection and destruction and to control critical aspects of host cell reproduction and survival: cell proliferation, apoptosis, adhesion, and immortalization. The host has evolved tight regulation of these cellular processes-the control of each represents a barrier to cancer. These barriers need to be compromised for oncogenesis to occur. The abrogation of a barrier is therefore referred to as an essential cause of cancer. Alternatively, some aspects of cellular regulation restrain but do not block oncogenesis. Relaxation of a restraint is therefore referred to as an exacerbating cause of cancer. In this chapter, we explore past and current evidence for joint infectious causation of cancer in the context of essential and exacerbating causes. We stress that discovery of joint infectious causation may provide great improvements in controlling cancer, particularly through the identification of many additional nonhuman targets for synergistic interventions for prevention and treatment. PMID:24480312

Ewald, Paul W; Swain Ewald, Holly A

2014-01-01

196

Results and Analysis from Space Suit Joint Torque Testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A space suit's mobility is critical to an astronaut's ability to perform work efficiently. As mobility increases, the astronaut can perform tasks for longer durations with less fatigue. Mobility can be broken down into two parts: range of motion (ROM) and torque. These two measurements describe how the suit moves and how much force it takes to move. Two methods were chosen to define mobility requirements for the Constellation Space Suit Element (CSSE). One method focuses on range of motion and the second method centers on joint torque. A joint torque test was conducted to determine a baseline for current advanced space suit joint torques. This test utilized the following space suits: Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU), Advanced Crew Escape Suit (ACES), I-Suit, D-Suit, Enhanced Mobility (EM)- ACES, and Mark III (MK-III). Data was collected data from 16 different joint movements of each suit. The results were then reviewed and CSSE joint torque requirement values were selected. The focus of this paper is to discuss trends observed during data analysis.

Matty, Jennifer

2010-01-01

197

Advanced information society(5)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on the advancement of information network technology information communication forms informationalized society giving significant impact on business activities and life style in it. The information network has been backed up technologically by development of computer technology and has got great contribution by enhanced computer technology and communication equipments. Information is transferred by digital and analog methods. Technical development which has brought out multifunctioned modems of communication equipments in analog mode, and construction of advanced information communication network which has come out by joint work of computer and communication under digital technique, are described. The trend in institutional matter and standardization of electrical communication is also described showing some examples of value-added network (VAN).

Tanizawa, Ippei

198

DOE-EERC jointly sponsored research program  

SciTech Connect

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Cooperative Agreement DE-FC21-93MC30098 funded through the Office of Fossil Energy and administered at the Federal Energy Technology Center (FETC) supported the performance of a Jointly Sponsored Research Program (JSRP) at the Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC) with a minimum 50% nonfederal cost share to assist industry in commercializing and effectively applying efficient, nonpolluting energy technologies that can compete effectively in meeting market demands for clean fuels, chemical feedstocks, and electricity in the 21st century. The objective of the JSRP was to advance the deployment of advanced technologies for improving energy efficiency and environmental performance through jointly sponsored research on topics that would not be adequately addressed by the private sector alone. Examples of such topics include the barriers to hot-gas cleaning impeding the deployment of high-efficiency power systems and the search for practical means for sequestering CO{sub 2} generated by fossil fuel combustion. The selection of particular research projects was guided by a combination of DOE priorities and market needs, as provided by the requirement for joint venture funding approved both by DOE and the private sector sponsor. The research addressed many different energy resource and related environmental problems, with emphasis directed toward the EERC's historic lead mission in low-rank coals (LRCs), which represent approximately half of the U.S. coal resources in the conterminous states, much larger potential resources in Alaska, and a major part of the energy base in the former U.S.S.R., East Central Europe, and the Pacific Rim. The Base and JSRP agreements were tailored to the growing awareness of critical environmental issues, including water supply and quality, air toxics (e.g., mercury), fine respirable particulate matter (PM{sub 2.5}), and the goal of zero net CO{sub 2} emissions.

Hendrikson, J.G.; Sondreal, E.A.

1999-09-01

199

Temporomandibular Joint Disorders  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This patient education program explains temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ). It reviews the anatomy of the jaw, plus symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment options for TMJ disorders. This resource is a MedlinePlus Interactive Health Tutorial from the National Library of Medicine, designed and developed by the Patient Education Institute. NOTE: This tutorial requires a special Flash plug-in, version 4 or above. If you do not have Flash, you will be prompted to obtain a free download of the software before you start the tutorial. You will also need an Acrobat Reader, available as a free download, in order to view the Reference Summary.

Patient Education Institute

200

Bladder operated robotic joint  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This invention is a robotic joint which is operated by inflatable bladders and which can be used in applications where it is desired to move or hold an object. A support block supports an elongated plate to which is pivotally attached a finger. A tension strip passes over a lever attached to the finger and is attached at its ends to the support block on opposite sides of the plate. Bladders positioned between the plate and the tension strip on opposite sides of the plate can be inflated by pumps to pivot the finger, with one of the bladders being inflated while the other is being deflated.

Robertson, Glen A. (inventor)

1993-01-01

201

Metal to ceramic sealed joint  

DOEpatents

A metal to ceramic sealed joint which can withstand wide variations in temperature and maintain a good seal is provided for use in a device adapted to withstand thermal cycling from about 20 to about 1000 degrees C. The sealed joint includes a metal member, a ceramic member having an end portion, and an active metal braze forming a joint to seal the metal member to the ceramic member. The joint is positioned remote from the end portion of the ceramic member to avoid stresses at the ends or edges of the ceramic member. The sealed joint is particularly suited for use to form sealed metal to ceramic joints in a thermoelectric generator such as a sodium heat engine where a solid ceramic electrolyte is joined to metal parts in the system. 11 figures.

Lasecki, J.V.; Novak, R.F.; McBride, J.R.

1991-08-27

202

Strength of Welded Aircraft Joints  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This investigation is a continuation of work started in 1928 and described in NACA-TR-348 which shows that the insertion of gusset plates was the most satisfactory way of strengthening a joint. Additional tests of the present series show that joints of this type could be improved by cutting out the portion of the plate between the intersecting tubes. T and lattice joints in thin-walled tubing 1 1/2 by 0.020 inch have somewhat lower strengths than joints in tubing of greater wall thickness because of failure by local buckling. In welding the thin-walled tubing, the recently developed "carburizing flux" process was found to be the only method capable of producing joints free from cracks. The "magnetic powder" inspection was used to detect cracks in the joints and flaws in the tubing.

Brueggeman, W C

1937-01-01

203

IX Jakub K. Parnas Conference Joint Research Conference of the Israel Institute for  

E-print Network

IX Jakub K. Parnas Conference Joint Research Conference of the Israel Institute for Advanced Studies and the Israel Science Foundation Supported within 3+ Meeting Programme September 29 - October 2, The Hebrew University The conference will take place at the Israel Institute for Advanced Studies, The Hebrew

Shamir, Ron

204

Lubrication and wear of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene in total joint replacements  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews recent advances in the tribology of artificial joints. Emphasis is placed on the latest developments in understanding wear mechanisms and in wear testing of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) materials and components. Two major advances have been made. One is the discovery and recognition of the importance of multidirectional motion in wear mechanisms and wear testing of

A Wang; A Essner; V. K Polineni; C Stark; J. H Dumbleton

1998-01-01

205

Proximal interphalangeal joint sprains.  

PubMed

We report the first series of proximal interphalangeal joint sprains and reviewed 50 sprains in 48 patients. The majority of patients were males injured at work. The radial collateral ligament was injured about twice as often as the ulnar ligaments. The little finger was injured significantly less than the others. Proximal interphalangeal joint sprains can be diagnosed by the following: pain localized to the injured ligament, swelling greatest at the site of the injured ligament, tenderness greatest at the site of the injured ligament, pain at the site of the injured ligament during lateral stress, and/or mild lateral instability on radiographs or physical examination during stress testing. All patients required several different splints for treatment; in decreasing frequency, we used immobilizing, coupling, dynamic proximal interphalangeal flexion, dynamic proximal interphalangeal and distal interphalangeal flexion, and dynamic proximal interphalangeal extension splints. The mean active range of motion before treatment was 70 degrees and after treatment was 95 degrees. Significantly more patients had loss of full extension than had loss of full flexion. Forty-six percent of the patients had no pain after treatment, 46 percent had mild pain, 8 percent had moderate pain, and none had severe pain. Patients treated within 4 weeks of their injury (group 1) gained significantly greater range of motion (35 degrees) than those treated between 5 and 14 weeks after their injury (10 degrees) (group 2).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:6739583

Wray, R C; Young, V L; Holtman, B

1984-07-01

206

Disorders of the sacroiliac joint.  

PubMed

Controversies have surrounded the sacroiliac joint. The sacroiliac joint (SIJ) is a considerably complex and strong joint with limited mobility, mechanically serving as a force transducer and a shock absorber. Anatomical changes are seen in the SIJ throughout an individual's lifetime. The ligamentous system associated with the SIJ serves to enhance stability and offer proprioceptive feedback in context with the rich plexus of articular receptors. Stability in the SIJ is related to form and force closure. Movement in the SIJ is 3-D about an axis outside of the joint. The functional examination of the SIJ is related to a clinical triad. PMID:17134467

Sizer, Phillip S; Phelps, Valerie; Thompsen, Kirk

2002-03-01

207

Early Developments in Joint Action  

PubMed Central

Joint action, critical to human social interaction and communication, has garnered increasing scholarly attention in many areas of inquiry, yet its development remains little explored. This paper reviews research on the growth of joint action over the first 2 years of life to show how children become progressively more able to engage deliberately, autonomously, and flexibly in joint action with adults and peers. It is suggested that a key mechanism underlying the dramatic changes in joint action over the second year of life is the ability to reflect consciously on oneself and one’s behavior and volition and correspondingly, on the behavior, goals, and intentions of others. PMID:23087769

Brownell, Celia A.

2012-01-01

208

Smart material joint band  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present invention relates to an improved connector for joining two tubular members together. The connector is formed by a plurality of longitudinally extending fingers extending from an end of one of tubular members and at least one locking groove in the other of the tubular members for receiving the fingers. The connector further includes a circumferentially extending wire member which is received in a notch in a head portion of each of the plurality of fingers. The wire member is preferably formed from a shape memory alloy and has an original circumference less than the circumference of a circle formed by the notches in a head portions of the fingers. The connector includes apertures through which electric wires may be connected to the shape memory alloy ring member so as to cause the shape memory alloy ring member to return to its original shape and allow release of the joint connection.

Tucchio, Michael A.; Stoodt, Robert A.; Livsey, Robert A.

1994-11-01

209

Smart material joint band  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present invention relates to an improved connector for joining two tubular members together. The connector is formed by a plurality of longitudinally extending fingers extending from an end of one of the tubular members and at least one locking groove in the other of the tubular members for receiving the fingers. The connector further includes a circumferentially extending wire member which is received in a notch in a head portion of each of the plurality of fingers. The wire member is preferably formed from a shape memory alloy and has an original circumference less than the circumference of a circle formed by the notches in the head portions of the fingers. The connector includes apertures through which electric wires may be connected to the shape memory alloy ring member so as to cause the shape memory alloy ring member to return to its original shape and allow release of the joint connection.

Tucchio, Michael A.; Stoodt, Robert A.; Livsey, Robert A.

1993-12-01

210

Passive Ball Capture Joint  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A passive ball capture joint has a sleeve with a plurality of bores distributed about a circumference thereof and formed therethrough at an acute angle relative to the sleeve's longitudinal axis. A spring-loaded retainer is slidingly fitted in each bore and is biased such that, if allowed, will extend at least partially into the sleeve to retain a ball therein. A ring, rotatably mounted about the bores, has an interior wall defining a plurality of shaped races that bear against the spring-loaded retainers. A mechanized rotational force producer is coupled to the ring. The ring can be rotated from a first position (that presses the retainers into the sleeve to lock the ball in place) to a second position (that allows the retainers to springback out of the sleeve to release the ball).

Cloyd, Richard A. (Inventor); Bryan, Thomas C. (Inventor)

2003-01-01

211

International Joint Commission  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Joint Commission was created by Canada and the United States "because they recognized that each country is affected by the other's actions in lake and river systems along the border. The two countries cooperate to manage these waters wisely and to protect them for the benefit of today's citizens and future generations." Visitors to the site can read about great lakes water quality issues, great lakes exports, water levels, news releases, publications, view maps, and much more. One of the latest publications available on the site includes the proceeding from a workshop entitled Addressing Atmospheric Mercury: Science and Policy. This extensive site is well organized and written, giving anyone living near or interested in the great lakes a good source for timely and important information.

212

Corynebacterium Prosthetic Joint Infection  

PubMed Central

Identification of Corynebacterium species may be challenging. Corynebacterium species are occasional causes of prosthetic joint infection (PJI), but few data are available on the subject. Based on the literature, C. amycolatum, C. aurimucosum, C. jeikeium, and C. striatum are the most common Corynebacterium species that cause PJI. We designed a rapid PCR assay to detect the most common human Corynebacterium species, with a specific focus on PJI. A polyphosphate kinase gene identified using whole-genome sequence was targeted. The assay differentiates the antibiotic-resistant species C. jeikeium and C. urealyticum from other species in a single assay. The assay was applied to a collection of human Corynebacterium isolates from multiple clinical sources, and clinically relevant species were detected. The assay was then tested on Corynebacterium isolates specifically associated with PJI; all were detected. We also describe the first case of C. simulans PJI. PMID:22337986

Cazanave, Charles; Greenwood-Quaintance, Kerryl E.; Hanssen, Arlen D.

2012-01-01

213

Slip joint connector  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A slip joint connector for joining first and second structural elements together is presented. The connector has a first body member attachable to the first structural element and a second body member attachable to the second structural element. The first body member has a male protuberance including a conical portion and the second body member has a conical receptacle for cooperatively receiving the conical portion of the protuberance. The protuberance includes a bridging portion for spacing the conical portion from the remainder of the first body member and the second body member has a well communicating with the conical receptacle for receiving the bridging portion. The conical male portion internally carries a nut while the second body member may receive a bolt through the receptacle to be threadedly received by the nut to secure the first and second body members tightly together.

Thomas, Frank P. (inventor)

1994-01-01

214

Fracture-dislocations of the proximal interphalangeal joint.  

PubMed

Fracture-dislocations of the proximal interphalangeal joint encompass a spectrum of injury severity, ranging from injuries that require little intervention to those that require advanced reconstructive surgery for optimal outcome. Three fracture-dislocation patterns are recognized: dorsal, volar, and pilon. Acceptable outcome is dependent on achieving and maintaining a well-aligned and well-reduced joint, re-establishing normal joint kinematics, and restoring motion. Anatomic articular surface reduction is desirable but not absolutely necessary for a good outcome. Treatment depends on both the type of injury and patient-dependent factors. Optimal outcome for a specific injury is predicated on expedient diagnosis and recognition of injury severity, which enables initiation of appropriate management. PMID:23378372

Elfar, John; Mann, Tobias

2013-02-01

215

Foreign Fishery Developments Japanese Joint  

E-print Network

the Japanese investment of $98.2 million (66.9 percent). In 1981, the capital value of these joint ven- tures in Central and South America was $51.5 million, which is 73 percent more than in 1980. The Japanese in of joint ven- tures with Japanese participation in Asia and Oceania was $55.9 million, which is 13 percent

216

Industrial robots with seven joints  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a physical 3-dimensional free space at most six degrees of freedom can be independent, i.e. three for position and three for orientation. Intuitively robots with six joints are adequate to execute any tasks. However, in reality, constraints often exist under the complex environment so that six joints are not quite enough for the robots. An insertion of an additional

J. Y. S. Luh; Y. L. Gu

1985-01-01

217

15 CFR 295.25 - Special rule for the valuation of transfers between separately-owned joint venture members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NIST EXTRAMURAL PROGRAMS ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM Assistance to United States Industry-Led Joint Research and Development Ventures § 295.25 Special rule for the valuation of transfers between...

2012-01-01

218

15 CFR 295.25 - Special rule for the valuation of transfers between separately-owned joint venture members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NIST EXTRAMURAL PROGRAMS ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM Assistance to United States Industry-Led Joint Research and Development Ventures § 295.25 Special rule for the valuation of transfers between...

2014-01-01

219

15 CFR 295.25 - Special rule for the valuation of transfers between separately-owned joint venture members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NIST EXTRAMURAL PROGRAMS ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM Assistance to United States Industry-Led Joint Research and Development Ventures § 295.25 Special rule for the valuation of transfers between...

2010-01-01

220

15 CFR 295.25 - Special rule for the valuation of transfers between separately-owned joint venture members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NIST EXTRAMURAL PROGRAMS ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM Assistance to United States Industry-Led Joint Research and Development Ventures § 295.25 Special rule for the valuation of transfers between...

2011-01-01

221

15 CFR 295.25 - Special rule for the valuation of transfers between separately-owned joint venture members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NIST EXTRAMURAL PROGRAMS ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM Assistance to United States Industry-Led Joint Research and Development Ventures § 295.25 Special rule for the valuation of transfers between...

2013-01-01

222

Method of forming a joint  

DOEpatents

A method of joining at least two sintered bodies to form a composite structure, including providing a first multicomponent metallic oxide having a perovskitic or fluorite crystal structure; providing a second sintered body including a second multicomponent metallic oxide having a crystal structure of the same type as the first; and providing at an interface a joint material containing at least one metal oxide containing at least one metal identically contained in at least one of the first and second multicomponent metallic oxides. The joint material is free of cations of Si, Ge, Sn, Pb, P and Te and has a melting point below the sintering temperatures of both sintered bodies. The joint material is heated to a temperature above the melting point of the metal oxide(s) and below the sintering temperatures of the sintered bodies to form the joint. Structures containing such joints are also disclosed.

Butt, Darryl Paul; Cutler, Raymond Ashton; Rynders, Steven Walton; Carolan, Michael Francis

2006-08-22

223

EMG-Torque Estimation of Constant-Posture, Quasi-Constant-Torque Contractions at Varied Joint Angles  

E-print Network

EMG-Torque Estimation of Constant-Posture, Quasi- Constant-Torque Contractions at Varied Joint relates the simultaneous biceps/triceps surface electromyogram (EMG) of 12 subjects to elbow torque at seven joint angles during constant-posture, quasi-constant-torque contractions. Advanced EMG amplitude

Clancy, Ted

224

The second skin approach : skin strain field analysis and mechanical counter pressure prototyping for advanced spacesuit design  

E-print Network

The primary aim of this thesis is to advance the theory of advanced locomotion mechanical counter pressure (MCP) spacesuits by studying the changes in the human body shape during joint motion. Two experiments take advantage ...

Bethke, Kristen (Kristen Ann)

2005-01-01

225

Rene 95 brazed joint metallurgical program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This metallurgical program was specifically conducted for the establishment of material properties required for the design of the LF460 fan. The LF460 lift fan is an advanced 18:1 high thrust to weight single stage design. It has a turbine attached to the outer flowpath of the fan blade tip which minimizes the axial depth of the fan. Advanced lightweight attachment designs are employed in this concept to achieve minimum mass polar moments of inertia which are required for good aircraft flight response control. The design features which are unique to this advanced LF460 lift fan are the 0.010 inch thin Udimet 700 alloy integral tip turbine design, minimum weight braze attachment of the turbine to the fan blade, and the high strength and elevated temperature capability of the Rene'95 alloy for the fan blade. The data presented in this report show that the LF460 fan rotor design is feasible and that the design stresses and margins of safety were more than adequate. Prior to any production application, however, additional stress rupture/shear lap joints should be run in order to establish a firm 1200 F stress rupture curve for the CM50 braze metal.

Gay, C.; Givens, J.; Mastrorroco, S.; Sterman, A.

1972-01-01

226

11 CFR 9034.8 - Joint fundraising.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Joint fundraising. 9034.8 Section 9034...MATCHING FUND ENTITLEMENTS § 9034.8 Joint fundraising. (a) General...funds under this subchapter may engage in joint fundraising with other candidates,...

2011-01-01

227

24 CFR 570.308 - Joint requests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Joint requests. 570.308 Section 570.308 Housing...BLOCK GRANTS Entitlement Grants § 570.308 Joint requests. (a) Joint requests and cooperation agreements....

2010-04-01

228

11 CFR 9034.8 - Joint fundraising.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Joint fundraising. 9034.8 Section 9034...MATCHING FUND ENTITLEMENTS § 9034.8 Joint fundraising. (a) General...funds under this subchapter may engage in joint fundraising with other candidates,...

2010-01-01

229

24 CFR 570.308 - Joint requests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Development 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Joint requests. 570.308 Section 570.308 Housing...BLOCK GRANTS Entitlement Grants § 570.308 Joint requests. (a) Joint requests and cooperation agreements....

2011-04-01

230

30 CFR 36.24 - Engine joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Requirements § 36.24 Engine joints. (a) Cylinder head. The joint between the cylinder head...engine shall be fitted with a metal or metal-clad gasket satisfactory...change in alignment. This joint shall provide an...

2010-07-01

231

30 CFR 36.24 - Engine joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Requirements § 36.24 Engine joints. (a) Cylinder head. The joint between the cylinder head...engine shall be fitted with a metal or metal-clad gasket satisfactory...change in alignment. This joint shall provide an...

2011-07-01

232

Management of limited joint mobility in diabetic patients  

PubMed Central

Several rheumatologic manifestations are more pronounced in subjects with diabetes, ie, frozen shoulder, rotator cuff tears, Dupuytren’s contracture, trigger finger, cheiroarthropathy in the upper limb, and Achilles tendinopathy and plantar fasciitis in the lower limb. These conditions can limit the range of motion of the affected joint, thereby impairing function and ability to perform activities of daily living. This review provides a short description of diabetes-related joint diseases, the specific pathogenetic mechanisms involved, and the role of inflammation, overuse, and genetics, each of which activates a complex sequence of biochemical alterations. Diabetes is a causative factor in tendon diseases and amplifies the damage induced by other agents as well. According to an accepted hypothesis, damaged joint tissue in diabetes is caused by an excess of advanced glycation end products, which forms covalent cross-links within collagen fibers and alters their structure and function. Moreover, they interact with a variety of cell surface receptors, activating a number of effects, including pro-oxidant and proinflammatory events. Adiposity and advanced age, commonly associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus, are further pathogenetic factors. Prevention and strict control of this metabolic disorder is essential, because it has been demonstrated that limited joint motion is related to duration of the disease and hyperglycemia. Several treatments are used in clinical practice, but their mechanisms of action are not completely understood, and their efficacy is also debated. PMID:23690694

Abate, Michele; Schiavone, Cosima; Salini, Vincenzo; Andia, Isabel

2013-01-01

233

THEORETICAL ADVANCES Joint feature selection and classification for taxonomic problems  

E-print Network

to a taxonomic problem involving species of suckers in the genus Carpiodes. The results confirm the necessity have traditionally been misdiagnosed as C. carpio but are in fact more close to C. cyprinus. We also Carpiodes. The results look promising: the proposed method not only learned the classifier that well

Bart Jr., Henry L. "Hank"

234

Results of a joint NOAA\\/NASA sounder simulation study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of a joint NOAA and NASA sounder simulation study in which the accuracies of atmospheric temperature profiles and surface skin temperature measuremnents retrieved from two sounders were compared: (1) the currently used IR temperature sounder HIRS2 (High-resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder 2); and (2) the recently proposed high-spectral-resolution IR sounder AMTS (Advanced Moisture and Temperature Sounder).

N. Phillips; Joel Susskind; L. McMillin

1988-01-01

235

Effect of marrow perforation on the sheep temporomandibular joint.  

PubMed

The effect of surgically perforating the mandibular condyle to allow synovial fluid to contact the marrow was examined in 5 sheep temporomandibular joints. The surgical defect showed replacement of the marrow with fibro-osseous tissue and subcortical cysts. A vertical, central osteophyte emerged from the perforation, causing attenuation or perforation of the disc and temporal surface proliferation. These changes were radiographically and histologically similar to advanced osteoarthritis. This supports the concept that intraarticular micro or macrofracture may result in osteoarthritis. PMID:1402055

Ishimaru, J I; Kurita, K; Handa, Y; Goss, A N

1992-08-01

236

Bone and joint complications related to Gaucher disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a broad spectrum of Gaucher disease-related skeletal complications, ranging from asymptomatic osteopenia to osteonecrosis\\u000a (of the shoulders and hips) with secondary degenerative joint disease. Characterization of the pattern and severity of bone\\u000a involvement in the individual patient requires the application of conventional and advanced radiographic techniques. The introduction\\u000a of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) for this inborn error of

Gregory M. Pastores; Manan J. Patel; Hossien Firooznia

2000-01-01

237

Institute of Advanced Energy Kyoto University  

E-print Network

Conversion Research Section 81 Advanced Energy Utilization Division Chemical Reaction Complex Processes were disappointed by the result that our application to the Joint Usage/Research Center (MEXT) program try to apply for it again this year; we this time propose the Zero-Emission Energy Center, the name

Takada, Shoji

238

Cummins\\/Tacom advanced adiabatic engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cummins Engine Company, Inc. and the U.S. Army have been jointly developing an adiabatic turbocompound engine during the last nine years. Although progress in the early years was slow, recent developments in the field of advanced ceramics have made it possible to make steady progress. It is now possible to reconsider the temperature limitation imposed on current heat engines and

R. Kamo; W. Bryzik

1984-01-01

239

Experimental investigation of the scaling of columnar joints.  

PubMed

Columnar jointing is a fracture pattern common in igneous rocks in which cracks self-organize into a roughly hexagonal arrangement, leaving behind an ordered colonnade. We report observations of columnar jointing in a laboratory analog system, desiccated corn starch slurries. Using measurements of moisture density, evaporation rates, and fracture advance rates as evidence, we suggest that an advective-diffusive system is responsible for the rough scaling behavior of columnar joints. This theory explains the order of magnitude difference in scales between jointing in lavas and in starches. We investigated the scaling of average columnar cross-sectional areas due to the evaporation rate, the analog of the cooling rate of igneous columnar joints. We measured column areas in experiments where the evaporation rate depended on lamp height and time, in experiments where the evaporation rate was fixed using feedback methods, and in experiments where gelatin was added to vary the rheology of the starch. Our results suggest that the column area at a particular depth is related to both the current conditions, and hysteretically to the geometry of the pattern at previous depths. We argue that there exists a range of stable column scales allowed for any particular evaporation rate. PMID:17025716

Goehring, Lucas; Morris, Stephen W; Lin, Zhenquan

2006-09-01

240

Compliant Prosthetic Or Robotic Joint  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Rotation partly free and partly restrained by resilience and damping. Joint includes U-shaped x- and y-axis frames joined by cables that cross in at center piece. The y-axis frame rotates about y-axis on roller bearing within predetermined angular range. The y-axis frame rotates slightly farther when arm strikes stop, because cables can twist. This mimics compliant resistance of knee joint reaching limit of its forward or backward motion. Used in prosthetic device to replace diseased or damage human joint, or in robot linkage to limit movement and cushion overloads.

Kerley, James J.; Eklund, Wayne D.

1989-01-01

241

Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1970, the Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies is a national, nonprofit research and public policy institution that performs research and outreach activities on public policy issues that are of concern to African Americans and other communities of color. The areas that are of prime interest to the Center include economic advancement, political participation, and international affairs. The homepage for the site offers some highlights of recent releases from the Center (such as audiocasts and new reports) and information on job openings and internships at the Center. The navigation bar on the left-hand side of the homepage is useful as well, as users will be directed to helpful publications and the organization's very useful databank. The databank also features thematic fact sheets on topics ranging from children living in poverty to the "digital divide".

242

Can Robotic Interaction Improve Joint Attention Skills?  

PubMed Central

Although it has often been argued that clinical applications of advanced technology may hold promise for addressing impairments associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), relatively few investigations have indexed the impact of intervention and feedback approaches. This pilot study investigated the application of a novel robotic interaction system capable of administering and adjusting joint attention prompts to a small group (n = 6) of children with ASD. Across a series of four sessions, children improved in their ability to orient to prompts administered by the robotic system and continued to display strong attention toward the humanoid robot over time. The results highlight both potential benefits of robotic systems for directed intervention approaches as well as potent limitations of existing humanoid robotic platforms. PMID:24014194

Zheng, Zhi; Swanson, Amy R.; Bekele, Esubalew; Zhang, Lian; Crittendon, Julie A.; Weitlauf, Amy F.; Sarkar, Nilanjan

2013-01-01

243

Acromioclavicular joint cyst formation.  

PubMed

Acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) cysts are an uncommon and unusual sequela associated with shoulder pathophysiology. The majority of literature on ACJ cysts consists of individual case reports with no definitive literature review currently available. In addition to a comprehensive literature review, four clinical cases are presented in this report. First described by Craig (1984), a total of 41 cases have been previously reported in the literature. Of these cases, five occurred with the rotator cuff musculature intact. The remaining 36 cases of ACJ cysts occurred in patients with a complete tear/avulsion of the rotator cuff. Previous attempts at compiling a complete record of all reported cases have combined several distinct conditions into a single category. This article presents two distinct etiologies for the pathogenesis of ACJ cyst formation. In the presence of an intact rotator cuff, a Type 1 cyst can form superficially and be limited to the ACJ. Following a massive or traumatic tear of the rotator cuff, mechanical instability of the humeral head can cause a deterioration of the inferior acromioclavicular capsule (cuff tear arthropathy) and an overproduction of synovial fluid. Overtime, a "geyser" of fluid can form between the glenohumeral and the ACJ, forming a Type 2 cyst. This differentiation and categorization is essential for appropriate classification and treatment. PMID:20069645

Hiller, Andrew D; Miller, Joshua D; Zeller, John L

2010-03-01

244

Joint SSRTNet/ALS-MES Workshop report  

SciTech Connect

This joint workshop brought together experimentalists and theorists interested in synchrotron radiation and highlighted subjects relevant to molecular environmental science (MES). The strong mutual interest between the participants resulted in joint sessions on the first day, followed by more specialized parallel sessions on the second day. Held in conjunction with the Advanced Light Source (ALS) Users' Association Annual Meeting at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), the Synchrotron Radiation Research Theory Network (SRRTNet) workshop was co-organized by Michel Van Hove (Berkeley Lab and University of California, Davis) and Andrew Canning (Berkeley Lab), while David Shuh (Berkeley Lab) organized the ALS-MES workshop. SRRTNet is a global network that promotes the interaction of theory and experiment (http://www.cse.clrc.ac.uk/Activity/SRRTnet). The ALS-MES project is constructing Beamline 11.0.2.1-2, a new soft x-ray beamline for MES investigations at photon energies from 75 eV to 2 keV, to provide photons for wet spectroscopy end stations and an upgraded scanning transmission x-ray microscope (STXM). The ALS-MES beamline and end stations will be available for users in the late fall of 2002.

Shuh, David; Van Hove, Michel

2001-11-30

245

Advanced Induction Motor Endring Design Features for High Speed Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents advancements in induction motor endring design to overcome mechanical limitations and extend the operating speed range and joint reliability of induction machines. A novel endring design met the challenging mechanical requirements of this high speed, high temperature, power dense application, without compromising electrical performance. Analysis is presented of the advanced endring design features including a non uniform

Matthew Caprio; Vasileios Lelos; John Herbst; Jim Upshaw

2005-01-01

246

Advance directives  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective To establish the prevalence of patients with advance directives in a family practice, and to describe patients’ perspectives on a family doctor’s role in initiating discussions about advance directives. Design A self-administered patient questionnaire. Setting A busy urban family medicine teaching clinic in Hamilton, Ont. Participants A convenience sample of adult patients attending the clinic over the course of a typical business week. Main outcome measures The prevalence of advance directives in the patient population was determined, and the patients’ expectations regarding the role of their family doctors were elucidated. Results The survey population consisted of 800 participants (a response rate of 72.5%) well distributed across age groups; 19.7% had written advance directives and 43.8% had previously discussed the topic of advance directives, but only 4.3% of these discussions had occurred with family doctors. In 5.7% of cases, a family physician had raised the issue; 72.3% of respondents believed patients should initiate the discussion. Patients who considered advance directives extremely important were significantly more likely to want their family doctors to start the conversation (odds ratio 3.98; P < .05). Conclusion Advance directives were not routinely addressed in the family practice. Most patients preferred to initiate the discussion of advance directives. However, patients who considered the subject extremely important wanted their family doctors to initiate the discussion. PMID:25873704

O’Sullivan, Rory; Mailo, Kevin; Angeles, Ricardo; Agarwal, Gina

2015-01-01

247

Non-linear joint dynamics and controls of jointed flexible structures with active and viscoelastic joint actuators  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies on joint dominated flexible space structures have attracted much interest recently due to the rapid developments in large deployable space systems. This paper describes a study of the non-linear structural dynamics of jointed flexible structures with initial joint clearance and subjected to external excitations. Methods of using viscoelastic and active vibration control technologies, joint actuators, to reduce dynamic contact

H. S. Tzou

1990-01-01

248

Campus/Industry Joint Ventures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Opportunities for joint economic ventures of colleges and industry are discussed, and a variety of ventures undertaken by Duke University are outlined, including a health club, hotel, and office building. Tax and financing considerations are noted. (MSE)

McDonald, Eugene J.

1985-01-01

249

Coupled behavior of rock joints  

SciTech Connect

The behavior of rock joints under various coupled processes is reviewed under four broad categories: hydromechanical processes, thermohydromechanical processes, hydromechanical-chemical processes, and thermomechanical-hydrochemical processes. The state-of-the-art and possible directions of further research in these coupled processes are discussed. Rock joint behaviors considered include not only dilation, closure, shear and joint propagation, but also changes in flow permeability and chemical sorption and retardation capabilities. These properties are of critical concern in practical considerations of the rock mass as a medium to store and isolate chemical and radioactive wastes. Investigations of coupled processes in two-fracture systems and multi-fracture systems are pointed out as interesting areas for future research. The need to consider coupled processes in borehole testing procedures involving rock joints is emphasized. 70 refs., 12 figs.

Tsang, Chin-Fu.

1990-02-01

250

The complexity of joint computation  

E-print Network

Joint computation is the ubiquitous scenario in which a computer is presented with not one, but many computational tasks to perform. A fundamental question arises: when can we cleverly combine computations, to perform them ...

Drucker, Andrew Donald

2012-01-01

251

Generating Gaits for Biped Robots Using Multiple Dynamic Passivization of Joint Control  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the research field of bipedal locomotion, a central pattern generator (CPG) and passive dynamic walking (PDW) have attracted much attention. In this paper, we describe a motion control system for biped robots based on dynamic joint passivization. Our motion control system is based on a mixture of the CPG and PDW, that is, the multiple dynamic passivization of joint control (MDPJC). Our intention is to make the joint control of the swing leg temporarily passive in the swing leg phase. The important part is the passive phase time and the switch timings of the joint control. We optimize the switch timing parameters using simulated annealing with advanced adaptive neighborhood (SA/AAN). Experiments using the motion control system based on multiple dynamic passivization of joint control successfully generated energy efficient walking and enabled superior gaits.

Ishida, Minoru; Kato, Shohei; Kanoh, Masayoshi; Itoh, Hidenori

252

Test and analysis of Celion 3000/PMR-15, graphite/polyimide bonded composite joints: Summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Standard single lap, double lap and symmetric step lap bonded joints of Celion 3000/PMR-15 graphite/polyimide composite were evaluated. Composite to composite and composite to titanium joints were tested at 116K (-250 F), 294K (70 F) and 561K (550 F). Joint parameters evaluated were lap length, adherend thickness, adherend axial stiffness, lamina stacking sequence and adherend tapering. Tests of advanced joint concepts were also conducted to establish the change in performance of preformed adherends, scalloped adherends and hybrid systems. Special tests were conducted to establish material properties of the high temperature adhesive, designated A7F, used for bonding. Most of the bonded joint tests resulted in interlaminar shear or peel failures of the composite. There were very few adhesive failures. Average test results agree with expected performance trends for the various test parameters. Results of finite element analyses and of test/analysis correlations are also presented.

Cushman, J. B.; Mccleskey, S. F.; Ward, S. H.

1983-01-01

253

Test and analysis of Celion 3000/PMR-15, graphite/polyimide bonded composite joints: Data report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Standard single lap, double lap and symmetric step lap bonded joints of Celion 3000/PMR-15 graphite/polyimide composite were evaluated. Composite to composite and composite to titanium joints were tested at 116 K (-250 F), 294 K (70 F) and 561 K (550 F). Joint parameters evaluated are lap length, adherend thickness, adherend axial stiffness, lamina stacking sequence and adherend tapering. Advanced joint concepts were examined to establish the change in performance of preformed adherends, scalloped adherends and hybrid systems. The material properties of the high temperature adhesive, designated A7F, used for bonding were established. The bonded joint tests resulted in interlaminar shear or peel failures of the composite and there were very few adhesive failures. Average test results agree with expected performance trends for the various test parameters. Results of finite element analyses and of test/analysis correlations are also presented.

Cushman, J. B.; Mccleskey, S. F.; Ward, S. H.

1982-01-01

254

Elasto-Plastic Analysis of Tee Joints Using HOT-SMAC  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Higher Order Theory - Structural/Micro Analysis Code (HOT-SMAC) software package is applied to analyze the linearly elastic and elasto-plastic response of adhesively bonded tee joints. Joints of this type are finding an increasing number of applications with the increased use of composite materials within advanced aerospace vehicles, and improved tools for the design and analysis of these joints are needed. The linearly elastic results of the code are validated vs. finite element analysis results from the literature under different loading and boundary conditions, and new results are generated to investigate the inelastic behavior of the tee joint. The comparison with the finite element results indicates that HOT-SMAC is an efficient and accurate alternative to the finite element method and has a great deal of potential as an analysis tool for a wide range of bonded joints.

Arnold, Steve M. (Technical Monitor); Bednarcyk, Brett A.; Yarrington, Phillip W.

2004-01-01

255

Advanced drilling systems study.  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the results of a study of advanced drilling concepts conducted jointly for the Natural Gas Technology Branch and the Geothermal Division of the U.S. Department of Energy. A number of alternative rock cutting concepts and drilling systems are examined. The systems cover the range from current technology, through ongoing efforts in drilling research, to highly speculative concepts. Cutting mechanisms that induce stress mechanically, hydraulically, and thermally are included. All functions necessary to drill and case a well are considered. Capital and operating costs are estimated and performance requirements, based on comparisons of the costs for alternative systems to conventional drilling technology, are developed. A number of problems common to several alternatives and to current technology are identified and discussed.

Pierce, Kenneth G.; Livesay, Billy Joe; Finger, John Travis (Livesay Consultants, Encintas, CA)

1996-05-01

256

Advances in treating psoriasis  

PubMed Central

Psoriasis is a T helper (Th)17/Th1-mediated autoimmune disease affecting the skin and joints. So far, distinct traditional oral compounds and modern biologics have been approved in most countries for the treatment of patients with moderate to severe psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis. Yet, the anti-psoriatic therapeutic spectrum is to be extended by a number of novel targeted therapies including biologics and modern oral compounds. The next set of anti-psoriatic biologics targets mainly Th17-associated cytokines such as IL-17 or IL-23. In contrast, modern oral anti-psoriatics, such as dimethyl fumarate (DMF), apremilast or Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors interfere with intracellular proteins and affect signaling pathways. Here we summarize the current systemic therapies for psoriasis and their immunological mechanism. The recent advances in psoriasis therapy will help treat our patients efficiently and complete our understanding of disease pathogenesis. PMID:24592316

Belge, Katharina; Brück, Jürgen

2014-01-01

257

Advanced servo manipulator  

DOEpatents

An advanced servo manipulator has modular parts. Modular motor members drive individual input gears to control shoulder roll, shoulder pitch, elbow pitch, wrist yaw, wrist pitch, wrist roll, and tong spacing. The modules include a support member, a shoulder module for controlling shoulder roll, and a sleeve module attached to the shoulder module in fixed relation thereto. The shoulder roll sleeve module has an inner cylindrical member rotatable relative to the outer cylindrical member, and upon which a gear pod assembly is mounted. A plurality of shafts are driven by the gears, which are in turn driven by individual motor modules to transmit rotary power to control elbow pitch as well as to provide four different rotary shafts across the bendable elbow joint to supply rotary motive power to a wrist member and tong member.

Holt, William E. (Knoxville, TN); Kuban, Daniel P. (Oak Ridge, TN); Martin, H. Lee (Knoxville, TN)

1988-01-01

258

Advanced servo manipulator  

DOEpatents

An advanced servo manipulator has modular parts. Modular motor members drive individual input gears to control shoulder roll, shoulder pitch, elbow pitch, wrist yaw, wrist pitch, wrist roll, and tong spacing. The modules include a support member, a shoulder module for controlling shoulder roll, and a sleeve module attached to the shoulder module in fixed relation thereto. The shoulder roll sleeve module has an inner cylindrical member rotatable relative to the outer cylindrical member, and upon which a gear pod assembly is mounted. A plurality of shafts are driven by the gears, which are in turn driven by individual motor modules to transmit rotary power to control elbow pitch as well as to provide four different rotary shafts across the bendable elbow joint to supply rotary motive power to a wrist member and tong member. 41 figs.

Holt, W.E.; Kuban, D.P.; Martin, H.L.

1988-10-25

259

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

SciTech Connect

This is the second quarterly progress report for Year 2 of the ACTS project. It includes a review of progress made in Flow Loop development and research during the period of time between Oct 1, 2000 and December 31, 2000. This report presents a review of progress on the following specific tasks: (a) Design and development of an Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility (Task 2: Addition of a foam generation and breaker system), (b) Research project (Task 6): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (c) Research project (Task 7): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Muds Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (d) Research project (Task 8): ''Study of Flow of Synthetic Drilling Fluids Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (e) Research project (Task 9): ''Study of Foam Flow Behavior Under EPET Conditions'', (f) Research project (Task 10): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Mud Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (g) Research on instrumentation tasks to measure: Cuttings concentration and distribution in a flowing slurry (Task 11), and Foam properties while transporting cuttings. (Task 12), (h) Development of a Safety program for the ACTS Flow Loop. Progress on a comprehensive safety review of all flow-loop components and operational procedures. (Task 1S). (i) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with Petroleum and service company members, and increasing the number of JIP members. The tasks Completed During This Quarter are Task 7 and Task 8.

Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Gerald Kane; Mark Pickell; Len Volk; Mike Volk; Barkim Demirdal; Affonso Lourenco; Evren Ozbayoglu; Paco Vieira; Lei Zhou

2000-01-30

260

Joint probabilities and quantum cognition  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we discuss the existence of joint probability distributions for quantumlike response computations in the brain. We do so by focusing on a contextual neural-oscillator model shown to reproduce the main features of behavioral stimulus-response theory. We then exhibit a simple example of contextual random variables not having a joint probability distribution, and describe how such variables can be obtained from neural oscillators, but not from a quantum observable algebra.

Acacio de Barros, J. [Liberal Studies, 1600 Holloway Ave., San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA 94132 (United States)

2012-12-18

261

Model Fusion and Joint Inversion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Inverse problems are inherently non-unique, and regularization is needed to obtain stable and reasonable solutions. The regularization adds information to the problem and determines which solution, out of the infinitely many, is obtained. In this paper, we review and discuss the case when a priori information exists in the form of either known structure or in the form of another inverse problem for a different property. The challenge is to include such information in the inversion process. To use existing known structure, we review the concept of model fusion, where we build a regularization functional that fuses the inverted model to a known one. The fusion is achieved by four different techniques. Joint inversion of two data sets is achieved by using iterative data fusion. The paper discusses four different methods for joint inversion. We discuss the use of correspondence maps or the petrophysics of the rocks, as well as structure. In particular, we suggest to further stabilize the well-known gradient cross product and suggest a new technique, Joint Total Variation, to solve the problem. The Joint Total Variation is a convex functional for joint inversion and, as such, has favorable optimization properties. We experiment with the techniques on the DC resistivity problem and the borehole tomography and show how model fusion and joint inversion can significantly improve over existing techniques.

Haber, Eldad; Holtzman Gazit, Michal

2013-09-01

262

Advanced Group Support Systems and Facilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The document contains the proceedings of the Workshop on Advanced Group Support Systems and Facilities held at NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia, July 19-20, 1999. The workshop was jointly sponsored by the University of Virginia Center for Advanced Computational Technology and NASA. Workshop attendees came from NASA, other government agencies, industry, and universities. The objectives of the workshop were to assess the status of advanced group support systems and to identify the potential of these systems for use in future collaborative distributed design and synthesis environments. The presentations covered the current status and effectiveness of different group support systems.

Noor, Ahmed K. (Compiler); Malone, John B. (Compiler)

1999-01-01

263

Interface failure in lead free solder joints  

Microsoft Academic Search

The phenomenon of interface failure in lead free solder joints was explored using solder joint array tensile testing. The effects of pad metallization, solder alloy, reflow conditions, and post reflow thermal aging were quantified. The joint strength ranged from 5 to 115MPa. The joint ductility dropped to zero in some cases. The interface microstructure and failure mode were characterized for

Robert Darveaux; Corey Reichman; Nokibul Islam

2006-01-01

264

49 CFR 213.351 - Rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Transportation 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Rail joints. 213.351 Section 213.351 Transportation...Operations at Track Classes 6 and Higher § 213.351 Rail joints. (a) Each rail joint, insulated joint, and compromise...

2013-10-01

265

49 CFR 213.351 - Rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Transportation 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Rail joints. 213.351 Section 213.351 Transportation...Operations at Track Classes 6 and Higher § 213.351 Rail joints. (a) Each rail joint, insulated joint, and compromise...

2014-10-01

266

49 CFR 213.351 - Rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Transportation 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Rail joints. 213.351 Section 213.351 Transportation...Operations at Track Classes 6 and Higher § 213.351 Rail joints. (a) Each rail joint, insulated joint, and compromise...

2011-10-01

267

49 CFR 213.351 - Rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Transportation 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Rail joints. 213.351 Section 213.351 Transportation...Operations at Track Classes 6 and Higher § 213.351 Rail joints. (a) Each rail joint, insulated joint, and compromise...

2012-10-01

268

49 CFR 213.351 - Rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Rail joints. 213.351 Section 213.351 Transportation...Operations at Track Classes 6 and Higher § 213.351 Rail joints. (a) Each rail joint, insulated joint, and compromise...

2010-10-01

269

7 CFR 97.14 - Joint applicants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Agriculture 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Joint applicants. 97.14 Section 97.14 Agriculture...VARIETY AND PROTECTION The Application § 97.14 Joint applicants. (a) Joint owners shall file a joint application by...

2011-01-01

270

Osteochondral lesions in distal tarsal joints of Icelandic horses reveal strong associations between hyaline and calcified cartilage abnormalities.  

PubMed

Osteochondral lesions in the joints of the distal tarsal region of young Icelandic horses provide a natural model for the early stages of osteoarthritis (OA) in low-motion joints. We describe and characterise mineralised and non-mineralised osteochondral lesions in left distal tarsal region joint specimens from twenty-two 30 ±1 month-old Icelandic horses. Combinations of confocal scanning light microscopy, backscattered electron scanning electron microscopy (including, importantly, iodine staining) and three-dimensional microcomputed tomography were used on specimens obtained with guidance from clinical imaging. Lesion-types were described and classified into groups according to morphological features. Their locations in the hyaline articular cartilage (HAC), articular calcified cartilage (ACC), subchondral bone (SCB) and the joint margin tissues were identified and their frequency in the joints recorded. Associations and correlations between lesion-types were investigated for centrodistal joints only. In centrodistal joints the lesion-types HAC chondrocyte loss, HAC fibrillation, HAC central chondrocyte clusters, ACC arrest and ACC advance had significant associations and strong correlations. These lesion-types had moderate to high frequency in centrodistal joints but low frequencies in tarsometatarsal and talocalcaneal-centroquartal joints. Joint margin lesion-types had no significant associations with other lesion-types in the centrodistal joints but high frequency in both the centrodistal and tarsometatarsal joints. The frequency of SCB lesion-types in all joints was low. Hypermineralised infill phase lesion-types were detected. Our results emphasise close associations between HAC and ACC lesions in equine centrodistal joints and the importance of ACC lesions in the development of OA in low-motion compression-loaded equine joints. PMID:24668595

Ley, C J; Ekman, S; Hansson, K; Björnsdóttir, S; Boyde, A

2014-01-01

271

Advance Directives  

MedlinePLUS

... about care haven’t been discussed between the patient and caregivers in advance, caregivers may feel anxious as they ... care are being offered. Think about what the patient would want. Caregivers can imagine what their loved one would say ...

272

SPORE Advances  

Cancer.gov

SPORE Advances  April 1 – June 30, 2009  Translational Research Program, DCTD, NCI  BRAIN ______________________________________________________________________________________________ 6  University of California, San Francisco _____________________________________________________________ 6  Berger, Mitchel S., M.D. 

273

Advance Directives  

Cancer.gov

A fact sheet about advance directives, which are legal documents that allow people to communicate their decisions about medical care to family, friends, and health care professionals in the event that they are unable to make those decisions themselves.

274

Design of Redundant Drive Joint with adjustable stiffness and damping mechanism to improve joint admittance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Improving admittance of robotic joints is the key issue for making rehabilitation robots safe. This paper describes a design of redundant drive joint (RD-Joint) which allows greater flexibility in the design of robotic mechanisms. The design strategy of the RD-joint employs a systematic approach which consists of 1) adopting a redundant joint mechanism with internal kinematical redundancy to reduce effective

Yosuke Ikegami; Kiyoshi Nagai; Rui C. V. Loureiro; William S. Harwin

2009-01-01

275

Prosthetic Joint Infections in Elderly Patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although prosthetic joint infections (PJIs) occur in a small proportion of patients following total joint arthroplasty, they\\u000a have catastrophic consequences on morbidity and joint function and carry a high economic burden in the elderly patients.\\u000a \\u000a Clinical presentation of prosthetic joint infection is highly variable, and differentiating a painful joint arthroplasty secondary\\u000a to mechanical loosening from an indolent infection can be

Camelia E Marculescu; Elie F. Berbari; Douglas R. Osmon

276

Proceedings of the Joint North America, Asia-Pacific ISTVS Conference and Annual Meeting of Japanese Society for Terramechanics  

E-print Network

, Virginia Tech, eblancha@vt.edu Center for Vehicle Systems and Safety, Advanced Vehicle Dynamics Laboratory for Vehicle Systems and Safety, Director of the Advanced Vehicle Dynamics Lab Abstract. Fast parameter-road Vehicle Dynamics. #12;Proceedings of the Joint North America, Asia-Pacific ISTVS Conference and Annual

Sandu, Adrian

277

Strength evaluation of socket joints  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report documents the development of a set of equations that can be used to provide a relatively simple solution for identifying the strength of socket joints and for most cases avoid the need of more lengthy analyses. The analytical approach was verified by comparison of the contact load distributions to results obtained from a finite element analysis. The contacting surfaces for the specific joint in this analysis are in the shape of frustrums of a cone and are representative of the tapered surfaces in the socket-type joints used to join segments of model support systems for wind tunnels. The results are in the form of equations that can be used to determine the contact loads and stresses in the joint from the given geometry and externally applied loads. Equations were determined to define the bending moments and stresses along the length of the joints based on strength and materials principles. The results have also been programmed for a personal computer and a copy of the program is included.

Rash, Larry C.

1994-01-01

278

Technique and application for quantifying dynamic shoulder joint kinematics and glenohumeral joint contact patterns  

E-print Network

The shoulder (glenohumeral) joint has the greatest range of motion of all human joints; as a result, it is particularly vulnerable to dislocation and injury. The ability to accurately measure dynamic in-vivo joint kinematics ...

Massimini, Daniel Frank

2014-01-01

279

ROUTINE THREE-DIMENSIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING OF JOINTS  

PubMed Central

Due to its high spatial resolution and excellent tissue contrast, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has become the most commonly used imaging method to evaluate joints. Most musculoskeletal MR imaging is performed using two-dimensional fast spin-echo sequences. However, three-dimensional sequences have also been used for joint imaging and have the advantage of acquiring thin continuous slices through joints which reduces the effects of partial volume averaging. With recent advances in MR technology, three-dimensional sequences with isotropic resolution have been developed. These sequences allow high quality multi-planar reformat images to be obtained following a single acquisition, thereby eliminating the need to repeat sequences with identical tissue contrast in different planes. Preliminary results on the diagnostic performance of three-dimensional isotropic resolution sequences are encouraging. However, additional studies are needed to determine whether these sequences can replace currently used two-dimensional fast spin-echo sequences for providing comprehensive joint assessment in clinical practice. PMID:21448939

Kijowki, Richard; Gold, Garry E.

2011-01-01

280

Rothia prosthetic knee joint infection.  

PubMed

Rothia species - Gram-positive pleomorphic bacteria that are part of the normal oral and respiratory flora - are commonly associated with dental cavities and periodontal disease although systemic infections have been described. We describe a 53-year-old female with rheumatoid arthritis complicated by prosthetic knee joint infection due to Rothia species, which was successfully treated by surgical removal of prosthesis and prolonged antimicrobial therapy. The issue of antibiotic prophylaxis before dental procedures among patients with prosthetic joint replacements is discussed. PMID:23357608

Trivedi, Manish N; Malhotra, Prashant

2013-01-25

281

[Divorce and joint physical custody].  

PubMed

This work first recalls the definition of joint physical custody, as well as the current legal procedure for obtaining it, its practical implementation, the financial implications for parents, and finally some statistics. Some psychological and psychopathological reflections on the impact of divorce on children are then presented before considering the question of joint physically custody with regard to attachment theory and depending on the age of the child (a great caution seems to be required before three years). The article concludes with a brief discussion of parental alienation syndrome. PMID:24630624

Golse, B

2014-04-01

282

Pathogenesis of Degenerative Joint Disease in the Human Temporomandibular Joint  

Microsoft Academic Search

The wide range of disease prevalences reported in epidemiological studies of temporomandibular degenerative joint disease reflects the fact that diagnoses are frequently guided by the presence or absence of non-specific signs and symptoms. Treatment is aimed at alleviating the disease symptoms rather than being guided by an understanding of the underlying disease processes. Much of our current understanding of disease

Christine L. Haskin; Stephen B. Milam; Ivan L. Cameron

1995-01-01

283

General joint hypermobility and temporomandibular joint derangement in adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Joint mobility was assessed in each member of an epidemiological sample of 96 girls and 97 boys, 17 years old, and graded by means of the hypermobility score of Beighton et al. Twenty two per cent of the girls and 3% of the boys could perform five or more of the nine manoeuvres. The prevalence of symptoms and signs of

L Westling; A Mattiasson

1992-01-01

284

Advanced rotorcraft transmission program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Advanced Rotorcraft Transmission (ART) program is an Army-funded, joint Army/NASA program to develop and demonstrate lightweight, quiet, durable drivetrain systems for next generation rotorcraft. ART addresses the drivetrain requirements of two distinct next generation aircraft classes: Future Air Attack Vehicle, a 10,000 to 20,000 lb. aircraft capable of undertaking tactical support and air-to-air missions; and Advanced Cargo Aircraft, a 60,000 to 80,000 lb. aircraft capable of heavy life field support operations. Both tiltrotor and more conventional helicopter configurations are included in the ART program. Specific objectives of ART include reduction of drivetrain weight by 25 percent compared to baseline state-of-the-art drive systems configured and sized for the next generation aircraft, reduction of noise level at the transmission source by 10 dB relative to a suitably sized and configured baseline, and attainment of at least a 5000 hr mean-time-between-removal. The technical approach for achieving the ART goals includes application of the latest available component, material, and lubrication technology to advanced concept drivetrains that utilize new ideas in gear configuration, transmission layout, and airframe/drivetrain integration. To date, candidate drivetrain systems were carried to a conceptual design stage, and tradeoff studies were conducted resulting in selection of an ART transmission configuration for each of the four contractors. The final selection was based on comparative weight, noise, and reliability studies. A description of each of the selected ART designs is included. Preliminary design of each of the four selected ART transmission was completed, as have mission impact studies wherein comparisons of aircraft mission performance and life cycle costs are undertaken for the next generation aircraft with ART and with the baseline transmission.

Bill, Robert C.

1990-01-01

285

Flexible joints for thrust vector control  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Flexible joints have been used to achieve thrust vector control over a wide range of sizes of nozzles and have been demonstrated successfully in bench tests and static firings, and are operational on two motors. From these many joints the problems of flexible joints have been defined as establishment of the movable nozzle envelope, definition of the actuation power requirements, definition of the mechanical properties of joint materials, adhesive bonding, test methods, and quality control. These data and problem solutions are contained in a large number of reports. Data relating to joint configuration, design requirements, materials selection, joint design, structural analysis, manufacture, and testing are summarized.

Woodberry, R. F. H.

1975-01-01

286

Jointly Sponsored Research Program Energy Related Research  

SciTech Connect

Cooperative Agreement, DE-FC26-98FT40323, Jointly Sponsored Research (JSR) Program at Western Research Institute (WRI) began in 1998. Over the course of the Program, a total of seventy-seven tasks were proposed utilizing a total of $23,202,579 in USDOE funds. Against this funding, cosponsors committed $26,557,649 in private funds to produce a program valued at $49,760,228. The goal of the Jointly Sponsored Research Program was to develop or assist in the development of innovative technology solutions that will: (1) Increase the production of United States energy resources - coal, natural gas, oil, and renewable energy resources; (2) Enhance the competitiveness of United States energy technologies in international markets and assist in technology transfer; (3) Reduce the nation's dependence on foreign energy supplies and strengthen both the United States and regional economies; and (4) Minimize environmental impacts of energy production and utilization. Under the JSR Program, energy-related tasks emphasized enhanced oil recovery, heavy oil upgrading and characterization, coal beneficiation and upgrading, coal combustion systems development including oxy-combustion, emissions monitoring and abatement, coal gasification technologies including gas clean-up and conditioning, hydrogen and liquid fuels production, coal-bed methane recovery, and the development of technologies for the utilization of renewable energy resources. Environmental-related activities emphasized cleaning contaminated soils and waters, processing of oily wastes, mitigating acid mine drainage, and demonstrating uses for solid waste from clean coal technologies, and other advanced coal-based systems. Technology enhancement activities included resource characterization studies, development of improved methods, monitors and sensors. In general the goals of the tasks proposed were to enhance competitiveness of U.S. technology, increase production of domestic resources, and reduce environmental impacts associated with energy production and utilization. This report summarizes the accomplishments of the JSR Program.

Western Research Institute

2009-03-31

287

Advanced information processing system for advanced launch system: Avionics architecture synthesis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Advanced Information Processing System (AIPS) is a fault-tolerant distributed computer system architecture that was developed to meet the real time computational needs of advanced aerospace vehicles. One such vehicle is the Advanced Launch System (ALS) being developed jointly by NASA and the Department of Defense to launch heavy payloads into low earth orbit at one tenth the cost (per pound of payload) of the current launch vehicles. An avionics architecture that utilizes the AIPS hardware and software building blocks was synthesized for ALS. The AIPS for ALS architecture synthesis process starting with the ALS mission requirements and ending with an analysis of the candidate ALS avionics architecture is described.

Lala, Jaynarayan H.; Harper, Richard E.; Jaskowiak, Kenneth R.; Rosch, Gene; Alger, Linda S.; Schor, Andrei L.

1991-01-01

288

Technical status of the Dish/Stirling Joint Venture Program  

SciTech Connect

Initiated in 1991; the Dish/Stirling Joint Venture Program (DSJVP) is a 5-year, $17.2 million joint venture which is funded by Cummins Power Generation, Inc. (CPG) of Columbus, Indiana and the United States Department of Energy`s (DOE) Solar Thermal and Biomass Power Division. Sandia National Laboratories administers and provides technical management for this contract on the DOE`s behalf. In January, 1995; CPG advanced to Phase 3 of this three-phase contract. The objective of the DSJVP is to develop and commercialize a 7-kW. Dish/Stirling System for remote power markets by 1997. In this paper, the technical status of the major subsystems which comprise the CPG 7-kW{sub e} Dish/Stirling System is presented. These subsystems include the solar concentrator, heat pipe receiver, engine/alternator, power conditioning, and automatic controls.

Bean, J.R. [Cummins Power Generation, Inc., Columbus, IN (United States); Diver, R.B. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1995-06-01

289

Provocative sacroiliac joint maneuvers and sacroiliac joint block are unreliable for diagnosing sacroiliac joint pain.  

PubMed

Mapping studies of pain elicited by injections into the sacroiliac joints (SIJs) suggest that sacroiliac joint syndrome (SIJS) may manifest as low back pain, sciatica, or trochanteric pain. Neither patient-reported symptoms nor provocative SIJ maneuvers are sensitive or specific for SIJS when SIJ block is used as the diagnostic gold standard. This has led to increasing diagnostic use of SIJ block, a procedure in which an anesthetic is injected into the joint under arthrographic guidance. However, several arguments cast doubt on the validity of SIJ block as a diagnostic gold standard. Thus, the effects of two consecutive blocks are identical in only 60% of cases, and the anesthetic diffuses out of the joint in 61% of cases, often coming into contact with the sheaths of the adjacent nerve trunks or roots, including the lumbosacral trunk (which may contribute to pain in the groin or thigh) and the L5 and S1 nerve roots. These data partly explain the limited specificity of SIJ block for the diagnosis of SIJS and the discordance between the pain elicited by the arthrography injection and the response to the block. The limitations of provocative maneuvers and SIJ blocks may stem in part from a contribution of extraarticular ligaments to the genesis of pain believed to originate within the SIJs. These ligaments include the expansion of the iliolumbar ligaments, the dorsal and ventral sacroiliac ligaments, the sacrospinous ligaments, and the sacrotuberous ligaments (sacroiliac joint lato-sensu). They play a role in locking or in allowing motion of the SIJs. Glucocorticoids may diffuse better than anesthetics within these ligaments. Furthermore, joint fusion may result in ligament unloading. PMID:16461204

Berthelot, Jean-Marie; Labat, Jean-Jacques; Le Goff, Benoît; Gouin, François; Maugars, Yves

2006-01-01

290

Research Advances  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research advances, a new feature in Journal of Chemical Engineering that brings information about innovations in current areas of research to high school and college science faculty with an intent to provide educators with timely descriptions of latest progress in research that can be integrated into existing courses to update course content and…

King, Angela G.

2004-01-01

291

Technological Advancements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The influx of technology has brought significant improvements to school facilities. Many of those advancements can be found in classrooms, but when students head down the hall to use the washrooms, they are likely to find a host of technological innovations that have improved conditions in that part of the building. This article describes modern…

Kennedy, Mike

2010-01-01

292

Solders in Real Electronic Joints  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Undercooling and recalescence were studied using the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) method on real electronic systems. Two solder pastes, Sn62.5Pb36.5Ag1 and Sn96.5Ag3Cu0.5, were used for preparation of electronic joints. Various combinations of these solders and soldering pads with different surface finishes such as Cu, Cu-Ni-Au, Cu-Sn, and Cu-Sn99Cu1 were used. During melting of both pastes, the Sn and Sn99Cu1 surface finishes immediately dissolved in the solder and the Cu surface coating was exposed to the melt. Therefore, practically the same undercooling was found for the Cu, Cu-Sn, and Cu-Sn99Cu1 coatings. The lowest undercooling was found for the Cu-Ni-Au surface finish for both solder pastes. If two separated electronic joints were made on the sample, two separate peaks were found in the DSC signal during solidification. In the sample with only one joint, only one exothermic peak was found. These findings were observed for all paste/surface finish combinations. These data were analyzed, showing that this effect is a consequence of undercooling and recalescence: Latent heat released during solidification of the joint increases the surrounding temperature and influences all the processes taking place.

Rudajevová, A.; Dušek, K.

2014-07-01

293

Plating To Reinforce Welded Joints  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Electrodeposition used to strengthen welded joints gouged, nicked, or suffered other mechanical damage. Plating cell, typically of acrylic plastic such as poly (Methylmetacrylate), is assembled around part to be plated. Areas not to be plated are masked with plater's tape. Weld area is plated in standard nickel-plating process.

Otousa, J. E.

1982-01-01

294

Trends in biological joint resurfacing  

PubMed Central

The treatment of osteochondral lesions and osteoarthritis remains an ongoing clinical challenge in orthopaedics. This review examines the current research in the fields of cartilage regeneration, osteochondral defect treatment, and biological joint resurfacing, and reports on the results of clinical and pre-clinical studies. We also report on novel treatment strategies and discuss their potential promise or pitfalls. Current focus involves the use of a scaffold providing mechanical support with the addition of chondrocytes or mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), or the use of cell homing to differentiate the organism’s own endogenous cell sources into cartilage. This method is usually performed with scaffolds that have been coated with a chemotactic agent or with structures that support the sustained release of growth factors or other chondroinductive agents. We also discuss unique methods and designs for cell homing and scaffold production, and improvements in biological joint resurfacing. There have been a number of exciting new studies and techniques developed that aim to repair or restore osteochondral lesions and to treat larger defects or the entire articular surface. The concept of a biological total joint replacement appears to have much potential. Cite this article: Bone Joint Res 2013;2:193–9. PMID:24043640

Myers, K. R.; Sgaglione, N. A.; Grande, D. A.

2013-01-01

295

The Rationale for Joint Mobilization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an overview of the functions of connective tissue and the mechanisms of joint injury and contracture formation in relation to therapeutic exercise. The components of connective tissue operation are explained, including fibroblasts, macrophages, plasma cells, and collagen. An examination of the histology of connective tissue as…

Burkhardt, Sandy

296

The Joint Gravity Model 3  

Microsoft Academic Search

An improved Earth geopotential model, complete to spherical harmonic degree and order 70, has been determined by combining the Joint Gravity Model 1 (JGM 1) geopotential coefficients, and their associated error covariance, with new information from SLR, DORIS, and GPS tracking of TOPEX\\/Poseidon, laser tracking of LAGEOS 1, LAGEOS 2, and Stella, and additional DORIS tracking of SPOT 2. The

B. D. Tapley; M. M. Watkins; J. C. Ries; G. W. Davis; R. J. Eanes; S. R. Poole; H. J. Rim; B. E. Schutz; C. K. Shum; R. S. Nerem; F. J. Lerch; J. A. Marshall; S. M. Klosko; N. K. Pavlis; R. G. Williamson

1996-01-01

297

Joint strength in RCS frames  

E-print Network

As part of a National Science Foundation (NSF) program ics. on composite and hybrid systems at Texas A&M University, the objective of this thesis is to investigate the joint strength in reinforced column-steel beam (RCS) special moment frames...

Kirby, Cynthia Dawn

1998-01-01

298

Authority, Deontics and Joint Intentions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many agents are fielded within environments requiring modeling traditional organizational structures such as military hierarchies and corporations, with their associated authority relationships and a strong form of responsibility associated with subordinate agents. Addressing the needs above, we have developed an integrated semantic framework for modeling and operationalizing authority relationships and deontic operators based upon joint intention theory. This allows us

Marcus J. Huber; Sanjeev Kumar; Sean A. Lisse; David Mcgee

2007-01-01

299

Chicken Skeleton - Gliding Joint (Skull)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The chicken uses its beak to pick up small pieces of food from the ground. The gliding joint at the base of the skull allows the chicken to move its head in different directions. It can also defend itself by pecking.

Ketan Patel (California State University, Fullerton; Student, Biological Sciences)

2007-07-28

300

Building a joint information system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses how a joint information system can be developed. The implementation was carried out in a project, doing final definitions and specifications, producing the information system and taking it into pilot use. The environment of the new collaborative information system is in the university world where student mobility is increasing. Student mobility means that students are enabled to

Raija Halonen

301

Knee joint replacement - series (image)  

MedlinePLUS

... joint. It contains the distal end of the femur (the femoral condyles) and the proximal end of the tibia (the tibial plateau). The femoral condyles usually glide smoothly on the tibial plateau. This allows the lower leg to move smoothly and painlessly.

302

Sea Lion Skeleton (Gliding Joint)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sea lions are vertebrates with both backbones and ribs. The backbone is a gliding joint, allowing the animal to be flexible, while the ribs main function is to protect it's inner organs. The short tail helps to balance the animal while walking on land.

Ketan Patel (California State University, Fullerton; Student, B)

2007-07-14

303

Temporomandibular joint disorders' impact on pain, function, and disability.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to determine the association between more advanced stages of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) intra-articular disorders ("TMJ intra-articular status"), representing a transition from normal joint structure to TMJ disc displacement with and without reduction (DDwR and DDwoR) to degenerative joint disease (DJD), and patient-reported outcomes of jaw pain, function, and disability ("TMD impact"). This cross-sectional study included 614 cases from the RDC/TMD Validation Project with at least one temporomandibular disorder (TMD) diagnosis. TMJ intra-articular status was determined by 3 blinded, calibrated radiologists using magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography as one of normal joint structure, DDwR, DDwoR, or DJD, representing the subject's most advanced TMJ diagnosis. TMD impact was conceptualized as a latent variable consisting of 1) pain intensity (Characteristic Pain Index from the Graded Chronic Pain Scale [GCPS]), 2) jaw function (Jaw Functional Limitation Scale), and 3) disability (Disability Points from GCPS). A structural equation model estimated the association of TMJ intra-articular status with the latent measure TMD impact as a correlation coefficient in all TMD cases (n = 614) and in cases with a TMD pain diagnosis (n = 500). The correlations between TMJ intra-articular status and TMD impact were 0.05 (95% confidence interval [CI], -0.04 to 0.13) for all TMD cases and 0.07 (95% CI, -0.04 to 0.17) for cases with a pain diagnosis, which are neither statistically significant nor clinically relevant. Conceptualizing worsening of TMJ intra-articular disorders as 4 stages and characterizing impact from TMD as a composite of jaw pain, function, and disability, this cross-sectional study found no clinically significant association. Models of TMJ intra-articular status other than ours (normal structure ? DDwR ? DDwoR ? DJD) should be explored. PMID:25572112

Chantaracherd, P; John, M T; Hodges, J S; Schiffman, E L

2015-03-01

304

State Technologies Advancement Collaborative  

SciTech Connect

The U. S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO), and Association of State Energy Research and Technology Transfer Institutions (ASERTTI) signed an intergovernmental agreement on November 14, 2002, that allowed states and territories and the Federal Government to better collaborate on energy research, development, demonstration and deployment (RDD&D) projects. The agreement established the State Technologies Advancement Collaborative (STAC) which allowed the states and DOE to move RDD&D forward using an innovative competitive project selection and funding process. A cooperative agreement between DOE and NASEO served as the contracting instrument for this innovative federal-state partnership obligating funds from DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and Office of Fossil Energy to plan, fund, and implement RDD&D projects that were consistent with the common priorities of the states and DOE. DOE's Golden Field Office provided Federal oversight and guidance for the STAC cooperative agreement. The STAC program was built on the foundation of prior Federal-State efforts to collaborate on and engage in joint planning for RDD&D. Although STAC builds on existing, successful programs, it is important to note that it was not intended to replace other successful joint DOE/State initiatives such as the State Energy Program or EERE Special Projects. Overall the STAC process was used to fund, through three competitive solicitations, 35 successful multi-state research, development, deployment, and demonstration projects with an overall average non-federal cost share of 43%. Twenty-two states were awarded at least one prime contract, and organizations in all 50 states and some territories were involved as subcontractors in at least one STAC project. Projects were funded in seven program areas: (1) Building Technologies, (2) Industrial Technologies, (3) Transportation Technologies, (4) Distributed Energy Resources, (5) Hydrogen Technology Learning Centers, (6) Fossil Energy, and (7) Rebuild America.

David S. Terry

2012-01-30

305

Joint Disorders - Multiple Languages: MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... JavaScript. Joint Disorders - Multiple Languages Arabic (???????) Bosnian (Bosanski) Chinese - Simplified (????) Chinese - Traditional (????) French (français) ... ??????? - ??????? Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations Bosnian (Bosanski) Home Care After Total Joint Replacement Ku?na njega ...

306

38 CFR 4.45 - The joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...weight-bearing are related considerations. For the purpose of rating disability from arthritis, the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, and ankle are considered major joints; multiple involvements of the interphalangeal, metacarpal and carpal joints of the...

2014-07-01

307

38 CFR 4.45 - The joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...weight-bearing are related considerations. For the purpose of rating disability from arthritis, the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, and ankle are considered major joints; multiple involvements of the interphalangeal, metacarpal and carpal joints of the...

2011-07-01

308

38 CFR 4.45 - The joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...weight-bearing are related considerations. For the purpose of rating disability from arthritis, the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, and ankle are considered major joints; multiple involvements of the interphalangeal, metacarpal and carpal joints of the...

2013-07-01

309

38 CFR 4.45 - The joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...movement than normal (from flail joint, resections, nonunion of fracture, relaxation of ligaments, etc.). (c) Weakened movement...arthritis, the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, and ankle are considered major joints; multiple involvements of the...

2010-07-01

310

49 CFR 583.15 - Joint ownership.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AUTOMOBILE PARTS CONTENT LABELING § 583.15 Joint ownership. (a) A carline jointly owned and/or produced by more...

2014-10-01

311

49 CFR 583.15 - Joint ownership.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AUTOMOBILE PARTS CONTENT LABELING § 583.15 Joint ownership. (a) A carline jointly owned and/or produced by more...

2012-10-01

312

United States Bone and Joint Decade  

MedlinePLUS

... Press Releases Scientific/Professional Journals Welcome to the United States Bone and Joint Initiative! Primary tabs View (active ... industry, have come together as part of the United States Bone and Joint Initiative (USBJI) to improve prevention ...

313

PROCEEDINGS: 1985 JOINT SYMPOSIUM ON STATIONARY COMBUSTION NOX CONTROL. VOLUME 1. UTILITY BOILER APPLICATIONS  

EPA Science Inventory

The two-volume proceedings document the more than 60 papers, describing recent advances in NOx control technology, that were presented at the 1985 Joint Symposium on Stationary Combustion NOx Control, May 6-9, 1985, in Boston, MA. The papers covered the following topics: the stat...

314

Joint work with many colleagues at Google Large Scale Deep Learning  

E-print Network

Joint work with many colleagues at Google Large Scale Deep Learning Jeff Dean #12;How Can We Build capabilities Language understanding User behavior prediction ... #12;How can we do this? · Cannot write to improve Google's products · Minimize software engineering effort · Advance state of the art in what

Cortes, Corinna

315

Experimental and numeric analysis of constraints in a bonded stepped lap joint subjected to traction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The analysis of the constraints on glued stepped lap joints is not sufficiently advanced that predictions on the fracture or fatigue behavior of such joints can be made. This report presents an experimental and numeric analysis of such joints. The experimental setup involved a four step steel member adhesively joined to a glass epoxy member by Eponal adhesive. The mechanical properties of the components of the assembly were measured by elastic extensiometry. The evolution of acoustic emissions and the surface deformation of the members were measured simultaneously. It is notable that the first acoustic emission event coincided with the first change in the slope of the deformation - constraint curve. A material resistance approximation based on the elongation of each step and on weakness in the width of the joint was used in the numerical analysis.

Gilibert, Yvon; Rigolot, Alain

1989-05-01

316

Analytical and Experimental Assessment of Seismic Vulnerability of Beam-Column Joints without Transverse Reinforcement in Concrete Buildings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Beam-column joints in concrete buildings are key components to ensure structural integrity of building performance under seismic loading. Earthquake reconnaissance has reported the substantial damage that can result from inadequate beam-column joints. In some cases, failure of older-type corner joints appears to have led to building collapse. Since the 1960s, many advances have been made to improve seismic performance of building components, including beam-column joints. New design and detailing approaches are expected to produce new construction that will perform satisfactorily during strong earthquake shaking. Much less attention has been focused on beam-column joints of older construction that may be seismically vulnerable. Concrete buildings constructed prior to developing details for ductility in the 1970s normally lack joint transverse reinforcement. The available literature concerning the performance of such joints is relatively limited, but concerns about performance exist. The current study aimed to improve understanding and assessment of seismic performance of unconfined exterior and corner beam-column joints in existing buildings. An extensive literature survey was performed, leading to development of a database of about a hundred tests. Study of the data enabled identification of the most important parameters and the effect of each parameter on the seismic performance. The available analytical models and guidelines for strength and deformability assessment of unconfined joints were surveyed and evaluated. In particular, The ASCE 41 existing building document proved to be substantially conservative in joint shear strength estimation. Upon identifying deficiencies in these models, two new joint shear strength models, a bond capacity model, and two axial capacity models designed and tailored specifically for unconfined beam-column joints were developed. The proposed models strongly correlated with previous test results. In the laboratory testing phase of the current study, four full-scale corner beam-column joint subassemblies, with slab included, were designed, built, instrumented, tested, and analyzed. The specimens were tested under unidirectional and bidirectional displacement-controlled quasi-static loading that incorporated varying axial loads that simulated overturning seismic moment effects. The axial loads varied between tension and high compression loads reaching about 50% of the column axial capacity. The test parameters were axial load level, loading history, joint aspect ratio, and beam reinforcement ratio. The test results proved that high axial load increases joint shear strength and decreases the deformability of joints failing in pure shear failure mode without beam yielding. On the contrary, high axial load did not affect the strength of joints failing in shear after significant beam yielding; however, it substantially increased their displacement ductility. Joint aspect ratio proved to be instrumental in deciding joint shear strength; that is the deeper the joint the lower the shear strength. Bidirectional loading reduced the apparent strength of the joint in the uniaxial principal axes. However, circular shear strength interaction is an appropriate approximation to predict the biaxial strength. The developed shear strength models predicted successfully the strength of test specimens. Based on the literature database investigation, the shear and axial capacity models developed and the test results of the current study, an analytical finite element component model based on a proposed joint shear stress-rotation backbone constitutive curve was developed to represent the behavior of unconfined beam-column joints in computer numerical simulations of concrete frame buildings. The proposed finite element model included the effect of axial load, mode of joint failure, joint aspect ratio and axial capacity of joint. The proposed backbone curve along with the developed joint element exhibited high accuracy in simulating the test response of the current test specimens as well as previous test joints. Fi

Hassan, Wael Mohammed

317

Navigating Joint Projects in Telephone Conversations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conversation coordinates joint activities and the joint projects that compose them. Participants coordinate (1) vertical transitions on entering and exiting joint projects; and (2) horizontal transitions in continuing within them. Transitions are coordinated using project markers such as uh-huh, yeah, right, and okay. In the authors' proposal,…

Bangerter, Adrian; Clark, Herbert H.; Katz, Anna R.

2004-01-01

318

78 FR 14620 - Joint Development: Proposed Circular  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...FTA-2013-0013] Joint Development: Proposed Circular...the docket and on its web site proposed guidance...circular, on joint development. This circular provides...when pursuing a joint development project. This following...be found on FTA's Web site at...

2013-03-06

319

49 CFR 234.233 - Rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Rail joints. 234.233 Section 234.233 Transportation...Testing Maintenance Standards § 234.233 Rail joints. Each non-insulated rail joint located within the limits of a...

2014-10-01

320

49 CFR 234.233 - Rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Rail joints. 234.233 Section 234.233 Transportation...Testing Maintenance Standards § 234.233 Rail joints. Each non-insulated rail joint located within the limits of a...

2010-10-01

321

49 CFR 234.233 - Rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Rail joints. 234.233 Section 234.233 Transportation...Testing Maintenance Standards § 234.233 Rail joints. Each non-insulated rail joint located within the limits of a...

2013-10-01

322

49 CFR 234.233 - Rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Rail joints. 234.233 Section 234.233 Transportation...Testing Maintenance Standards § 234.233 Rail joints. Each non-insulated rail joint located within the limits of a...

2011-10-01

323

A Deformable Slider Joint for Multibody Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the implementation of a deformable slider joint in the framework of a multibody simulation environment. A slider joint constrains the motion of a rigid body point along a line: a deformable slider joint allows the constrained point to move along a series of deformable beams, switching from one to the other without encountering serious numerical discontinuities. The

Stefania Gualdi; Marco Morandini; Pierangelo Masarati

324

Behavior of jointed ductile iron pipelines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experimental data on the axial, bending, and torsional behavior of a pipeline joint demonstrated, in particular, the relationship between the load and the deflection behavior of a rubber gasketed joint in a ductile cast iron pipe. These results, along with analytical expressions, are especially useful in predicting the earthquake behavior of buried pipelines with flexible joints.

Singhal

1984-01-01

325

22 CFR 228.34 - Joint ventures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Joint ventures. 228.34 Section 228.34 Foreign Relations...of Services for USAID Financing § 228.34 Joint ventures. A joint venture or unincorporated association is eligible only...

2010-04-01

326

7 CFR 1956.110 - Joint debtors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Joint debtors. 1956.110 Section 1956.110...Settlement-Community and Business Programs § 1956.110 Joint debtors. Settlements may not be approved for one joint debtor unless approved for all...

2010-01-01

327

29 CFR 570.115 - Joint applicability.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Joint applicability. 570.115 Section 570...Labor Standards Act of 1938, as Amended Joint and Separate Applicability of Sections 12(a) and 12(c) § 570.115 Joint applicability. The child labor...

2011-07-01

328

38 CFR 4.66 - Sacroiliac joint.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Sacroiliac joint. 4.66 Section 4.66 Pensions...Musculoskeletal System § 4.66 Sacroiliac joint. The common cause of disability...manner. The lumbosacral and sacroiliac joints should be considered as one...

2011-07-01

329

17 CFR 300.105 - Joint accounts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Joint accounts. 300.105 Section 300.105 Commodity...âseparateâ Customers of Sipc Members § 300.105 Joint accounts. (a) A joint account shall be deemed to be a “qualifying...

2010-04-01

330

49 CFR 192.233 - Miter joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Miter joints. 192.233 Section 192.233 Transportation...Welding of Steel in Pipelines § 192.233 Miter joints. (a) A miter joint on steel pipe to be operated at a pressure...

2011-10-01

331

17 CFR 300.105 - Joint accounts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Joint accounts. 300.105 Section 300.105 Commodity...âseparateâ Customers of Sipc Members § 300.105 Joint accounts. (a) A joint account shall be deemed to be a “qualifying...

2011-04-01

332

7 CFR 1956.110 - Joint debtors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Joint debtors. 1956.110 Section 1956.110...Settlement-Community and Business Programs § 1956.110 Joint debtors. Settlements may not be approved for one joint debtor unless approved for all...

2011-01-01

333

49 CFR 192.233 - Miter joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Miter joints. 192.233 Section 192.233 Transportation...Welding of Steel in Pipelines § 192.233 Miter joints. (a) A miter joint on steel pipe to be operated at a pressure...

2010-10-01

334

49 CFR 178.345-4 - Joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Joints. 178.345-4 Section 178...Transportation § 178.345-4 Joints. (a) All joints between the cargo tank shell...rings, and bulkheads must be welded in conformance with Section...

2011-10-01

335

49 CFR 178.345-4 - Joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Joints. 178.345-4 Section 178...Transportation § 178.345-4 Joints. (a) All joints between the cargo tank shell...attaching rings, and bulkheads must be welded in conformance with Section...

2010-10-01

336

The frictional properties of joints in rock  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The conditions for sliding over artificial joint surfaces have been studied experimentally by cutting rock cylinders at various angles to their axes and studying slip over these surfaces in a triaxial testing apparatus. The types of joint used were: (i) filled with plaster to simulate a soft joint filling, (ii) bare surfaces ground approximately flat, and (iii) natural surfaces

J. C. Jaeger

1959-01-01

337

Improving the fatigue resistance of adhesive joints in laminated wood structures  

SciTech Connect

The premature fatigue failure of a laminated wood/epoxy test beam containing a cross-section finger joint was the subject of a multidisciplinary investigation to assess and advance the technology of adhesive joints in composite wood structures. This investigation, which has wide-spread applicability to all adhesively bonded joints, included (1) analysis of the data collected during fatigue testing, (2) microscopic examination of failed and unfailed surfaces and materials, (3) chemical characterization of the adhesive resin and its cure in the presence of wood and asbestos fibers, (4) testing of the filled adhesive on various adherent systems for its mechanical properties and its performance in prototype finger joints, and (5) analysis of the finger joint's load-carrying capabilities, including the effects of specific design modifications. Four major problem areas were identified which appeared to contribute to the premature fatigue failure. Recommended solutions of these problems would reduce the void content in the veneer-veneer and finger joint bondlines, provide a well-configured finger tip for the joint, improve the adhesive's penetration and bonding to the wood substrate, and provide a cleanly-machined surface. 2 refs., 11 figs., 2 tabs.

Laufenberg, T.L.; River, B.H.; Murmanis, L.L.; Christiansen, A.W.

1988-08-01

338

Proximal Tibiofibular Joint Ganglion CystsExcision, Recurrence, and Joint Arthrodesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Proximal tibiofibular joint proximal tibiofibular joint cysts are rare entities that can cause disability. Excision remains the traditional surgical treatment. Cyst recurrence has been a problem. This study reviews one of the largest series of patients with proximal tibiofibular joint cysts and evaluates the role of a new surgical option, proximal tibiofibular joint fusion.Methods: Thirteen patients were admitted to

Shana Miskovsky; Christopher Kaeding; Lawrence Weis

2004-01-01

339

Joint interaction with embedded concretions: joint loading configurations inferred from propagation paths  

Microsoft Academic Search

The interaction between propagating joints and embedded concretions in a Devonian black shale near Seneca Lake, NY, permits identification of the loading configurations responsible for two joint sets of different ages striking at nearly the same orientation. The earlier set consists of systematic joints cut by later Alleghanian joints of the Appalachian Plateau. The later set consists of non-systematic curving

David T. McConaughy; Terry Engelder

1999-01-01

340

Joint interaction with embedded concretions: joint loading congurations inferred from propagation paths  

E-print Network

Joint interaction with embedded concretions: joint loading con®gurations inferred from propagation The interaction between propagating joints and embedded concretions in a Devonian black shale near Seneca Lake, NY that abut these same Alleghanian joints. Field evidence shows that concretions functioned as sti inclusions

Engelder, Terry

341

26 CFR 1.6015-1 - Relief from joint and several liability on a joint return.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Relief from joint and several liability on a joint return. 1.6015-1 Section 1.6015-1...Returns Or Statements § 1.6015-1 Relief from joint and several liability on a joint return....

2011-04-01

342

26 CFR 1.6015-1 - Relief from joint and several liability on a joint return.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Relief from joint and several liability on a joint return. 1.6015-1 Section 1.6015-1...Returns Or Statements § 1.6015-1 Relief from joint and several liability on a joint return....

2010-04-01

343

Seismic response of rock joints and jointed rock mass  

SciTech Connect

Long-term stability of emplacement drifts and potential near-field fluid flow resulting from coupled effects are among the concerns for safe disposal of high-level nuclear waste (HLW). A number of factors can induce drift instability or change the near-field flow patterns. Repetitive seismic loads from earthquakes and thermal loads generated by the decay of emplaced waste are two significant factors. One of two key technical uncertainties (KTU) that can potentially pose a high risk of noncompliance with the performance objectives of 10 CFR Part 60 is the prediction of thermal-mechanical (including repetitive seismic load) effects on stability of emplacement drifts and the engineered barrier system. The second KTU of concern is the prediction of thermal-mechanical-hydrological (including repetitive seismic load) effects on the host rock surrounding the engineered barrier system. The Rock Mechanics research project being conducted at the Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses (CNWRA) is intended to address certain specific technical issues associated with these two KTUs. This research project has two major components: (i) seismic response of rock joints and a jointed rock mass and (ii) coupled thermal-mechanical-hydrological (TMH) response of a jointed rock mass surrounding the engineered barrier system (EBS). This final report summarizes the research activities concerned with the repetitive seismic load aspect of both these KTUs.

Ghosh, A.; Hsiung, S.M.; Chowdhury, A.H. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States). Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses

1996-06-01

344

Degenerative joint disease of the acromioclavicular joint: a review.  

PubMed

Osteoarthritis of the acromioclavicular (AC) joint is a common condition causing anterior or superior shoulder pain, especially with overhead and cross-body activities. This most commonly occurs in middle-aged individuals because of degeneration to the fibrocartilaginous disk that cushions the articulations. Diagnosis relies on history, physical examination, imaging, and diagnostic local anesthetic injection. Diagnosis can be challenging given the lack of specificity with positive physical examination findings and the variable nature of AC joint pain. Of note, symptomatic AC osteoarthritis must be differentiated from instability and subtle instability, which may have similar symptoms. Although plain radiographs can reveal degeneration, diagnosis cannot be based on this alone because similar radiographic findings can be seen in asymptomatic individuals. Nonoperative therapy can provide symptomatic relief, whereas patients with persistent symptoms can be considered for resection arthroplasty by open or arthroscopic technique. Both techniques have proven to provide predictable pain relief; however, each has its own unique set of potential complications that may be minimized with an improved understanding of the anatomical and biomechanical characteristics of the joint along with meticulous surgical technique. PMID:23649008

Mall, Nathan A; Foley, Emily; Chalmers, Peter N; Cole, Brian J; Romeo, Anthony A; Bach, Bernard R

2013-11-01

345

Advanced Combustion  

SciTech Connect

The activity reported in this presentation is to provide the mechanical and physical property information needed to allow rational design, development and/or choice of alloys, manufacturing approaches, and environmental exposure and component life models to enable oxy-fuel combustion boilers to operate at Ultra-Supercritical (up to 650{degrees}C & between 22-30 MPa) and/or Advanced Ultra-Supercritical conditions (760{degrees}C & 35 MPa).

Holcomb, Gordon R. [NETL

2013-03-11

346

High Energy Laser Joint Technology Office: a mission overview  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The High Energy Laser Joint Technology Office (HEL-JTO) was established in 2000 for the purpose of developing and executing a comprehensive investment strategy for HEL science and technology that would underpin weapons development. The JTO is currently sponsoring 80 programs across industry, academia, and government agencies with a budget of approximately $60 million. The competitively awarded programs are chosen to advance the current state of the art in HEL technology and fill technology gaps, thus providing a broad capability that can be harvested in acquisition programs by the military services.

Seeley, Don D.; Slater, John M.

2004-10-01

347

Traction-drive force transmission for telerobotic joints  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A mechanism which meets the requirements of a teleoperated manipulator and those of an autonomous robot is discussed. The mechanism is a traction-drive differential that uses variable preload mechanisms. The differential provides compact design, with dextrous motion range and torque density similar to geared systems. The traction drive offers high stiffness to backlash for good robotic performance. The variable-loading mechanism (VLM) minimizes the drive-train friction for improved teleoperation. This combination provides a mechanism to allow advanced manipulation with either teleoperated control or autonomous robotic operation. The design principles of both major components of the joint mechanism are described.

Williams, D. M.; Kuban, D. P.

1989-01-01

348

Advanced Technology for Engineering Education  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document contains the proceedings of the Workshop on Advanced Technology for Engineering Education, held at the Peninsula Graduate Engineering Center, Hampton, Virginia, February 24-25, 1998. The workshop was jointly sponsored by the University of Virginia's Center for Advanced Computational Technology and NASA. Workshop attendees came from NASA, other government agencies, industry and universities. The objectives of the workshop were to assess the status of advanced technologies for engineering education and to explore the possibility of forming a consortium of interested individuals/universities for curriculum reform and development using advanced technologies. The presentations covered novel delivery systems and several implementations of new technologies for engineering education. Certain materials and products are identified in this publication in order to specify adequately the materials and products that were investigated in the research effort. In no case does such identification imply recommendation or endorsement of products by NASA, nor does it imply that the materials and products are the only ones or the best ones available for this purpose. In many cases equivalent materials and products are available and would probably produce equivalent results.

Noor, Ahmed K. (Compiler); Malone, John B. (Compiler)

1998-01-01

349

44 CFR 150.5 - Joint Public Safety Awards Board.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Joint Public Safety Awards Board. 150.5 Section...AWARDS TO PUBLIC SAFETY OFFICERS § 150.5 Joint Public Safety Awards Board. (a) A Joint Public Safety Awards Board (Joint...

2011-10-01

350

44 CFR 150.5 - Joint Public Safety Awards Board.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Joint Public Safety Awards Board. 150.5 Section...AWARDS TO PUBLIC SAFETY OFFICERS § 150.5 Joint Public Safety Awards Board. (a) A Joint Public Safety Awards Board (Joint...

2010-10-01

351

NASA's National Center for Advanced Manufacturing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An investment in the future, NASA has designated a new initiative where government, industry, and academia collaborate to meet the manufacturing needs of future space systems. The Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama has the principal responsibility for implementation of the National Center for Advanced Manufacturing (NCAM). The mission of the NCAM is to build partnerships that will jointly conduct program planning and develop strategies to perform manufacturing research and technology development for critical national missions.

Vickers, John H.; Frazier, Michael K.; Munafo, Paul M. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

352

Ultrasonic Welding of Hybrid Joints  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A central research field of the Institute of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Kaiserslautern (WKK), Germany, is the realization of innovative hybrid joints by ultrasonic metal welding. This article gives an overview of suitable ultrasonic welding systems as well as of essential machine and material parameters, which influence the quality of the welds. Besides the ultrasonic welding of dissimilar metals such as Al to Cu or Al to steels, the welds between newly developed materials like aluminum foam sandwiches or flat flexible cables also can be realized. Moreover, the joining of glass and ceramic to sheet metals is a point of interest at the WKK. By using the ultrasonic metal welding process, it is possible to realize metal/glass welds with tensile shear strengths of 50 MPa. For metal/ceramic joints, the shear strengths values up to 150 MPa were measured. Finally, selected results about the occurring bonding mechanisms will be discussed.

Wagner, Guntram; Balle, Frank; Eifler, Dietmar

2012-03-01

353

Jointly Sponsored Research Program. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Jointly Sponsored Research Program (JSRP) is a US Department of Energy (DOE) program funded through the Office of Fossil Energy and administered at the Morgantown Energy Technology Center. Under this program, which has been in place since Fiscal Year 1990, DOE makes approximately $2.5 million available each year to the Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC) to fund projects that are of current interest to industry but which still involve significant risk, thus requiring some government contribution to offset the risk if the research is to move forward. The program guidelines require that at least 50% of the project funds originate from nonfederal sources. Projects funded under the JSRP often originate under a complementary base program, which funds higher-risk projects. The projects funded in Fiscal Year 1996 addressed a wide range of Fossil Energy interests, including hot-gas filters for advanced power systems; development of cleaner, more efficient processing technologies; development of environmental control technologies; development of environmental remediation and reuse technologies; development of improved analytical techniques; and development of a beneficiation technique to broaden the use of high-sulfur coal. Descriptions and status for each of the projects funded during the past fiscal year are included in Section A of this document, Statement of Technical Progress.

NONE

1997-07-01

354

Analysis of NSTX TF Joint Voltage Measurements  

SciTech Connect

This report presents findings of analyses of recorded current and voltage data associated with 72 electrical joints operating at high current and high mechanical stress. The analysis goal was to characterize the mechanical behavior of each joint and thus evaluate its mechanical supports. The joints are part of the toroidal field (TF) magnet system of the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) pulsed plasma device operating at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL). Since there is not sufficient space near the joints for much traditional mechanical instrumentation, small voltage probes were installed on each joint and their voltage monitoring waveforms have been recorded on sampling digitizers during each NSTX ''shot''.

R, Woolley

2005-10-07

355

Fellows Celebrated at Joint Assembly  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 2008 AGU Fellows were presented at the recent Joint Assembly in Fort Lauderdale, Fla. A formal ceremony was held on 29 May 2008, during which President Tim Killeen introduced each Fellow and read a brief statement of the achievements for which each had been selected. The presentations were followed by a reception for meeting attendees and a banquet at which family members and close colleagues further feted the honorees.

2008-07-01

356

Joint stabilizing projects in defense  

SciTech Connect

Joint defensive projects could increase stability and decrease the alert rates of strategic forces. Areas include the defense of the US, Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), and their allies against third world threats; protection against each other's accidental or unauthorized launches; and defense against intentional attacks. The most promising area appears to be defining interfaces for the handover of satellite warning and trajectory information, which applies to most phases of theater defense and mutual protection. 19 refs.

Canavan, G.H.; Browne, J.C.; Joseph, R.J.

1992-06-01

357

Metal-ceramic joint assembly  

DOEpatents

A metal-ceramic joint assembly in which a brazing alloy is situated between metallic and ceramic members. The metallic member is either an aluminum-containing stainless steel, a high chromium-content ferritic stainless steel or an iron nickel alloy with a corrosion protection coating. The brazing alloy, in turn, is either an Au-based or Ni-based alloy with a brazing temperature in the range of 9500 to 1200.degree. C.

Li, Jian (New Milford, CT)

2002-01-01

358

Space Suit Joint Torque Testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In 2009 and early 2010, a test was performed to quantify the torque required to manipulate joints in several existing operational and prototype space suits in an effort to develop joint torque requirements appropriate for a new Constellation Program space suit system. The same test method was levied on the Constellation space suit contractors to verify that their suit design meets the requirements. However, because the original test was set up and conducted by a single test operator there was some question as to whether this method was repeatable enough to be considered a standard verification method for Constellation or other future space suits. In order to validate the method itself, a representative subset of the previous test was repeated, using the same information that would be available to space suit contractors, but set up and conducted by someone not familiar with the previous test. The resultant data was compared using graphical and statistical analysis and a variance in torque values for some of the tested joints was apparent. Potential variables that could have affected the data were identified and re-testing was conducted in an attempt to eliminate these variables. The results of the retest will be used to determine if further testing and modification is necessary before the method can be validated.

Valish, Dana J.

2011-01-01

359

The Joint Damping Experiment (JDX)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Joint Damping Experiment (JDX), flown on the Shuttle STS-69 Mission, is designed to measure the influence of gravity on the structural damping of a high precision three bay truss. Principal objectives are: (1) Measure vibration damping of a small-scale, pinjointed truss to determine how pin gaps give rise to gravity-dependent damping rates; (2) Evaluate the applicability of ground and low-g aircraft tests for predicting on-orbit behavior; and (3) Evaluate the ability of current nonlinear finite element codes to model the dynamic behavior of the truss. Damping of the truss was inferred from 'Twang' tests that involve plucking the truss structure and recording the decay of the oscillations. Results are summarized as follows. (1) Damping, rates can change by a factor of 3 to 8 through changing the truss orientation; (2) The addition of a few pinned joints to a truss structure can increase the damping by a factor as high as 30; (3) Damping is amplitude dependent; (4) As gravity induced preloads become large (truss long axis perpendicular to gravity vector) the damping is similar to non-pinjointed truss; (5) Impacting in joints drives higher modes in structure; (6) The torsion mode disappears if gravity induced preloads are low.

Folkman, Steven L.; Bingham, Jeff G.; Crookston, Jess R.; Dutson, Joseph D.; Ferney, Brook D.; Ferney, Greg D.; Rowsell, Edwin A.

1997-01-01

360

Mechanical flexible joint design document  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this report is to document the status of the Mechanical Flexible Joint (MFJ) Design Subtask with the intent of halting work on the design. Recommendations for future work is included in the case that the task is to be resumed. The MFJ is designed to eliminate two failure points from the current flex joint configuration, the inner 'tripod configuration' and the outer containment jacket. The MFJ will also be designed to flex 13.5 degrees and have three degrees of freedom. By having three degrees of freedom, the MFJ will allow the Low Pressure Fuel Duct to twist and remove the necessity to angulate the full 11 degrees currently required. The current flex joints are very labor intensive and very costly and a simple alternative is being sought. The MFJ is designed with a greater angular displacement, with three degrees of freedom, to reside in the same overall envelope, to meet weight constraints of the current bellows, to be compatible with cryogenic fuel and oxidizers, and also to be man-rated.

Daily, Vic

1993-01-01

361

Experimental simulation of joint morphology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Desiccation experiments with starch-water mixtures whose dimensions and thickness are several centimeters produce a broad spectrum of tensile cracks. Their properties are remarkably similar to those of joints in rocks. This note concentrates on crack morphology in the form of plumose structures and fringe zones. Moreover, rupture velocity is determined from videos. After an initial, dynamic rupture phase with velocities of about 100 mm/s, which is restricted to a thin, strongly dried surface layer, the main rupture through the specimen is quasi-static with velocities of 10 mm/min and less. This phase is driven by the low supply of strain energy due to the ongoing desiccation. Quasi-static rupture produces plumose topographies, which range from simple to complex. From the similarity of plumose topography on joints in marine sedimentary rocks, it is hypothesized that these joints are generated by quasi-static rupture in an early stage of subsidence, compaction and diagenesis of water-bearing sediments. Rupture propagation in the fringe zone of cracks in starch, where topography is stronger than on the main crack, was slower than over the main crack. The same applies probably to fringe zones along bedding planes in sediments.

Müller, Gerhard

2001-01-01

362

Toward a warfighter's associate: eliminating the operator control unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addition to the challenges of equipping a mobile robot with the appropriate sensors, actuators, and processing electronics necessary to perform some useful function, there coexists the equally important challenge of effectively controlling the system\\

Hobart R. Everett; Estrellina B. Pacis; Greg Kogut; Nathan M. Farrington; S. Khurana

2004-01-01

363

Towards a Warfighter's Associate: Eliminating the Operator Control Unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addition to the challenges of equipping a mobile robot with the appropriate sensors, actuators, and processing electronics necessary to perform some useful function, there coexists the equally important challenge of effectively controlling the system's desired actions. This need is particularly critical if the intent is to operate in conjunction with human forces in a military application, as any low-level

H. R. Everett; E. B. Pacis; N. Farrington

2004-01-01

364

Animation of Warfighting Simulations DEVS Java Tracking Environment  

E-print Network

in dimension to locations that can be described using the Earth's Geographic Coordinate System where of the Earth's land masses (with exception of Antarctica) as well as include all of the coordinates defined;2 System Overview At a high-level, the DEVSJAVA Tracking Environment is partitioned into three layers

365

Warfighter decision making performance analysis as an investment priority driver  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Estimating the relative value of alternative tactics, techniques and procedures (TTP) and information systems requires measures of the costs and benefits of each, and methods for combining and comparing those measures. The NATO Code of Best Practice for Command and Control Assessment explains that decision making quality would ideally be best assessed on outcomes. Lessons learned in practice can be assessed statistically to support this, but experimentation with alternate measures in live conflict is undesirable. To this end, the development of practical experimentation to parameterize effective constructive simulation and analytic modelling for system utility prediction is desirable. The Land Battlespace Systems Department of Dstl has modeled human development of situational awareness to support constructive simulation by empirically discovering how evidence is weighed according to circumstance, personality, training and briefing. The human decision maker (DM) provides the backbone of the information processing activity associated with military engagements because of inherent uncertainty associated with combat operations. To develop methods for representing the process in order to assess equipment and non-technological interventions such as training and TTPs we are developing componentized or modularized timed analytic stochastic model components and instruments as part of a framework to support quantitative assessment of intelligence production and consumption methods in a human decision maker-centric mission space. In this paper, we formulate an abstraction of the human intelligence fusion process from the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory's (Dstl's) INCIDER model to include in our framework, and synthesize relevant cost and benefit characteristics.

Thornley, David J.; Dean, David F.; Kirk, James C.

2010-04-01

366

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

SciTech Connect

This is the third quarterly progress report for Year 3 of the ACTS Project. It includes a review of progress made in: (1) Flow Loop construction and development and (2) research tasks during the period of time between Jan. 1, 2002 and Mar. 31, 2002. This report presents a review of progress on the following specific tasks: (a) Design and development of an Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility (Task 3: Addition of a Cuttings Injection/Separation System), (b) Research project (Task 6): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (c) Research project (Task 9b): ''Study of Foam Flow Behavior Under EPET Conditions'', (d) Research project (Task 10): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Mud Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (e) Research on three instrumentation tasks to measure: Cuttings concentration and distribution in a flowing slurry (Task 11), Foam texture while transporting cuttings. (Task 12), and Viscosity of Foam under EPET (Task 9b); (f) Development of a Safety program for the ACTS Flow Loop, progress on a comprehensive safety review of all flow-loop components and operational procedures. (Task 1S); and (g) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with Petroleum and service company members, and increasing the number of JIP members.

Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Mark Pickell; Len Volk; Mike Volk; Evren Ozbayoglu; Lei Zhou

2002-04-30

367

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

SciTech Connect

This is the second quarterly progress report for Year 3 of the ACTS project. It includes a review of progress made in: (1) Flow Loop development and (2) research tasks during the period of time between Oct 1, 2001 and Dec. 31, 2001. This report presents a review of progress on the following specific tasks: (a) Design and development of an Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility (Task 3: Addition of a Cuttings Injection/Collection System), (b) Research project (Task 6): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (c) Research project (Task 9): ''Study of Foam Flow Behavior Under EPET Conditions'', (d) Research project (Task 10): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Mud Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (e) Research on instrumentation tasks to measure: Cuttings concentration and distribution in a flowing slurry (Task 11), and Foam properties while transporting cuttings. (Task 12), (f) Development of a Safety program for the ACTS Flow Loop. Progress on a comprehensive safety review of all flow-loop components and operational procedures. (Task 1S). (g) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with Petroleum and service company members, and increasing the number of JIP members.

Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Gerald Kane; Mark Pickell; Len Volk; Mike Volk; Affonso Lourenco; Evren Ozbayoglu; Lei Zhou

2002-01-30

368

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

SciTech Connect

This is the fourth quarterly progress report for Year-3 of the ACTS Project. It includes a review of progress made in: (1) Flow Loop construction and development and (2) research tasks during the period of time between April 1, 2002 and June 30, 2002. This report presents a review of progress on the following specific tasks: (a) Design and development of an Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility (Task 3: Addition of a Cuttings Injection/Separation System), (b) Research project (Task 6): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)''; (c) Research project (Task 9b): ''Study of Foam Flow Behavior Under EPET Conditions''; (d) Research project (Task 10): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Mud Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions''; (e) Research on three instrumentation tasks to measure: Cuttings concentration and distribution in a flowing slurry (Task 11), Foam texture while transporting cuttings. (Task 12), and Viscosity of Foam under EPET (Task 9b); (f) Development of a Safety program for the ACTS Flow Loop. Progress on a comprehensive safety review of all flow-loop components and operational procedures. (Task 1S); (g) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with Petroleum and service company members, and increasing the number of JIP members.

Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Mark Pickell; Len Volk; Mike Volk; Evren Ozbayoglu; Lei Zhou

2002-07-30

369

Joint reconstruction of PET-MRI by exploiting structural similarity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent advances in technology have enabled the combination of positron emission tomography (PET) with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These PET-MRI scanners simultaneously acquire functional PET and anatomical or functional MRI data. As function and anatomy are not independent of one another the images to be reconstructed are likely to have shared structures. We aim to exploit this inherent structural similarity by reconstructing from both modalities in a joint reconstruction framework. The structural similarity between two modalities can be modelled in two different ways: edges are more likely to be at similar positions and/or to have similar orientations. We analyse the diffusion process generated by minimizing priors that encapsulate these different models. It turns out that the class of parallel level set priors always corresponds to anisotropic diffusion which is sometimes forward and sometimes backward diffusion. We perform numerical experiments where we jointly reconstruct from blurred Radon data with Poisson noise (PET) and under-sampled Fourier data with Gaussian noise (MRI). Our results show that both modalities benefit from each other in areas of shared edge information. The joint reconstructions have less artefacts and sharper edges compared to separate reconstructions and the ?2-error can be reduced in all of the considered cases of under-sampling.

Ehrhardt, Matthias J.; Thielemans, Kris; Pizarro, Luis; Atkinson, David; Ourselin, Sébastien; Hutton, Brian F.; Arridge, Simon R.

2015-01-01

370

Generalized joint laxity and multidirectional instability of the shoulder  

PubMed Central

Generalized joint laxity and shoulder instability are common conditions that exhibit a wide spectrum of different clinical forms and may coexist in the same patient. Generalized joint laxity can be congenital or acquired. It is fundamental to distinguish laxity from instability. Laxity is a physiological condition that may predispose to the development of shoulder instability. A high prevalence of generalized joint laxity has been identified in patients with multidirectional instability of the shoulder. Multidirectional instability is defined as symptomatic instability in two or more directions. The diagnosis and treatment of this condition are still challenging because of complexities in its classification and etiology. These complexities are compounded when multidirectional instability and laxity exist in the same patient. With an improved understanding of the clinical symptoms and physical examination findings, a successful strategy for conservative and/or surgical treatments can be developed. Conservative treatment is the first-line option. If it fails, different surgical options are available. Historically, open capsular shift has been considered the gold standard in the surgical management of these patients. Nowadays, advanced arthroscopic techniques offer several advantages over traditional open approaches and have shown similar outcomes. The correct approach to the management of failed stabilization procedures has not been yet defined. PMID:25606530

SACCOMANNO, MARISTELLA F.; FODALE, MARIO; CAPASSO, LUIGI; CAZZATO, GIAMPIERO; MILANO, GIUSEPPE

2013-01-01

371

Advanced LIGO  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Advanced LIGO gravitational wave detectors are second-generation instruments designed and built for the two LIGO observatories in Hanford, WA and Livingston, LA, USA. The two instruments are identical in design, and are specialized versions of a Michelson interferometer with 4 km long arms. As in Initial LIGO, Fabry-Perot cavities are used in the arms to increase the interaction time with a gravitational wave, and power recycling is used to increase the effective laser power. Signal recycling has been added in Advanced LIGO to improve the frequency response. In the most sensitive frequency region around 100 Hz, the design strain sensitivity is a factor of 10 better than Initial LIGO. In addition, the low frequency end of the sensitivity band is moved from 40 Hz down to 10 Hz. All interferometer components have been replaced with improved technologies to achieve this sensitivity gain. Much better seismic isolation and test mass suspensions are responsible for the gains at lower frequencies. Higher laser power, larger test masses and improved mirror coatings lead to the improved sensitivity at mid and high frequencies. Data collecting runs with these new instruments are planned to begin in mid-2015.

The LIGO Scientific Collaboration; Aasi, J.; Abbott, B. P.; Abbott, R.; Abbott, T.; Abernathy, M. R.; Ackley, K.; Adams, C.; Adams, T.; Addesso, P.; Adhikari, R. X.; Adya, V.; Affeldt, C.; Aggarwal, N.; Aguiar, O. D.; Ain, A.; Ajith, P.; Alemic, A.; Allen, B.; Amariutei, D.; Anderson, S. B.; Anderson, W. G.; Arai, K.; Araya, M. C.; Arceneaux, C.; Areeda, J. S.; Ashton, G.; Ast, S.; Aston, S. M.; Aufmuth, P.; Aulbert, C.; Aylott, B. E.; Babak, S.; Baker, P. T.; Ballmer, S. W.; Barayoga, J. C.; Barbet, M.; Barclay, S.; Barish, B. C.; Barker, D.; Barr, B.; Barsotti, L.; Bartlett, J.; Barton, M. A.; Bartos, I.; Bassiri, R.; Batch, J. C.; Baune, C.; Behnke, B.; Bell, A. S.; Bell, C.; Benacquista, M.; Bergman, J.; Bergmann, G.; Berry, C. P. L.; Betzwieser, J.; Bhagwat, S.; Bhandare, R.; Bilenko, I. A.; Billingsley, G.; Birch, J.; Biscans, S.; Biwer, C.; Blackburn, J. K.; Blackburn, L.; Blair, C. D.; Blair, D.; Bock, O.; Bodiya, T. P.; Bojtos, P.; Bond, C.; Bork, R.; Born, M.; Bose, Sukanta; Brady, P. R.; Braginsky, V. B.; Brau, J. E.; Bridges, D. O.; Brinkmann, M.; Brooks, A. F.; Brown, D. A.; Brown, D. D.; Brown, N. M.; Buchman, S.; Buikema, A.; Buonanno, A.; Cadonati, L.; Calderón Bustillo, J.; Camp, J. B.; Cannon, K. C.; Cao, J.; Capano, C. D.; Caride, S.; Caudill, S.; Cavaglià, M.; Cepeda, C.; Chakraborty, R.; Chalermsongsak, T.; Chamberlin, S. J.; Chao, S.; Charlton, P.; Chen, Y.; Cho, H. S.; Cho, M.; Chow, J. H.; Christensen, N.; Chu, Q.; Chung, S.; Ciani, G.; Clara, F.; Clark, J. A.; Collette, C.; Cominsky, L.; Constancio, M., Jr.; Cook, D.; Corbitt, T. R.; Cornish, N.; Corsi, A.; Costa, C. A.; Coughlin, M. W.; Countryman, S.; Couvares, P.; Coward, D. M.; Cowart, M. J.; Coyne, D. C.; Coyne, R.; Craig, K.; Creighton, J. D. E.; Creighton, T. D.; Cripe, J.; Crowder, S. G.; Cumming, A.; Cunningham, L.; Cutler, C.; Dahl, K.; Dal Canton, T.; Damjanic, M.; Danilishin, S. L.; Danzmann, K.; Dartez, L.; Dave, I.; Daveloza, H.; Davies, G. S.; Daw, E. J.; DeBra, D.; Del Pozzo, W.; Denker, T.; Dent, T.; Dergachev, V.; DeRosa, R. T.; DeSalvo, R.; Dhurandhar, S.; D´?az, M.; Di Palma, I.; Dojcinoski, G.; Dominguez, E.; Donovan, F.; Dooley, K. L.; Doravari, S.; Douglas, R.; Downes, T. P.; Driggers, J. C.; Du, Z.; Dwyer, S.; Eberle, T.; Edo, T.; Edwards, M.; Edwards, M.; Effler, A.; Eggenstein, H.-B.; Ehrens, P.; Eichholz, J.; Eikenberry, S. S.; Essick, R.; Etzel, T.; Evans, M.; Evans, T.; Factourovich, M.; Fairhurst, S.; Fan, X.; Fang, Q.; Farr, B.; Farr, W. M.; Favata, M.; Fays, M.; Fehrmann, H.; Fejer, M. M.; Feldbaum, D.; Ferreira, E. C.; Fisher, R. P.; Frei, Z.; Freise, A.; Frey, R.; Fricke, T. T.; Fritschel, P.; Frolov, V. V.; Fuentes-Tapia, S.; Fulda, P.; Fyffe, M.; Gair, J. R.; Gaonkar, S.; Gehrels, N.; Gergel´, L. Á.; Giaime, J. A.; Giardina, K. D.; Gleason, J.; Goetz, E.; Goetz, R.; Gondan, L.; González, G.; Gordon, N.; Gorodetsky, M. L.; Gossan, S.; Goßler, S.; Gräf, C.; Graff, P. B.; Grant, A.; Gras, S.; Gray, C.; Greenhalgh, R. J. S.; Gretarsson, A. M.; Grote, H.; Grunewald, S.; Guido, C. J.; Guo, X.; Gushwa, K.; Gustafson, E. K.; Gustafson, R.; Hacker, J.; Hall, E. D.; Hammond, G.; Hanke, M.; Hanks, J.; Hanna, C.; Hannam, M. D.; Hanson, J.; Hardwick, T.; Harry, G. M.; Harry, I. W.; Hart, M.; Hartman, M. T.; Haster, C.-J.; Haughian, K.; Hee, S.; Heintze, M.; Heinzel, G.; Hendry, M.; Heng, I. S.; Heptonstall, A. W.; Heurs, M.; Hewitson, M.; Hild, S.; Hoak, D.; Hodge, K. A.; Hollitt, S. E.; Holt, K.; Hopkins, P.; Hosken, D. J.; Hough, J.; Houston, E.; Howell, E. J.; Hu, Y. M.; Huerta, E.; Hughey, B.; Husa, S.; Huttner, S. H.; Huynh, M.; Huynh-Dinh, T.; Idrisy, A.; Indik, N.; Ingram, D. R.; Inta, R.; Islas, G.; Isler, J. C.; Isogai, T.; Iyer, B. R.; Izumi, K.; Jacobson, M.; Jang, H.; Jawahar, S.; Ji, Y.; Jiménez-Forteza, F.; Johnson, W. W.; Jones, D. I.; Jones, R.; Ju, L.; Haris, K.; Kalogera, V.; Kandhasamy, S.; Kang, G.; Kanner, J. B.; Katsavounidis, E.; Katzman, W.; Kaufer, H.; Kaufer, S.; Kaur, T.; Kawabe, K.; Kawazoe, F.; Keiser, G. M.; Keitel, D.; Kelley, D. B.; Kells, W.; Keppel, D. G.; Key, J. S.; Khalaidovski, A.; Khalili, F. Y.; Khazanov, E. A.; Kim, C.; Kim, K.; Kim, N. G.; Kim, N.; Kim, Y.-M.; King, E. J.; King, P. J.; Kinzel, D. L.; Kissel, J. S.; Klimenko, S.; Kline, J.; Koehlenbeck, S.; Kokeyama, K.; Kondrashov, V.; Korobko, M.; Korth, W. Z.; Kozak, D. B.; Kringel, V.; Krishnan, B.; Krueger, C.; Kuehn, G.; Kumar, A.; Kumar, P.; Kuo, L.; Landry, M.; Lantz, B.; Larson, S.; Lasky, P. D.; Lazzarini, A.; Lazzaro, C.; Le, J.; Leaci, P.; Leavey, S.; Lebigot, E. O.; Lee, C. H.; Lee, H. K.; Lee, H. M.; Leong, J. R.; Levin, Y.; Levine, B.; Lewis, J.; Li, T. G. F.; Libbrecht, K.; Libson, A.; Lin, A. C.; Littenberg, T. B.; Lockerbie, N. A.; Lockett, V.; Logue, J.; Lombardi, A. L.; Lormand, M.; Lough, J.

2015-04-01

372

Prospects for joint gravitational wave and short gamma-ray burst observations  

E-print Network

We present a detailed evaluation of the expected rate of joint gravitational-wave and short gamma-ray burst (GRB) observations over the coming years. We begin by evaluating the improvement in distance sensitivity of the gravitational wave search that arises from using the GRB observation to restrict the time and sky location of the source. We argue that this gives a 25% increase in sensitivity when compared to an all-sky, all-time search, corresponding to more than doubling the number of detectable gravitational wave signals associated with GRBs. Using this, we present the expected rate of joint observations with the advanced LIGO and Virgo instruments, taking into account the expected evolution of the gravitational wave detector network. We show that in the early advanced gravitational wave detector observing runs, from 2015-2017, there is only a small chance of a joint observation. However, as the detectors approach their design sensitivities, there is a good chance of joint observations provided wide field GRB satellites, such as Fermi and the Interplanetary Network, continue operation. The rate will also depend critically upon the nature of the progenitor, with neutron star--black hole systems observable to greater distances than double neutron star systems. The relative rate of binary mergers and GRBs will depend upon the jet opening angle of GRBs. Consequently, joint observations, as well as accurate measurement of both the GRB rate and binary merger rates will allow for an improved estimation of the opening angle of GRBs.

J. Clark; H. Evans; S. Fairhurst; I. W. Harry; E. Macdonald; D. Macleod; P. J. Sutton; A. R. Williamson

2014-09-29

373

Biotribology of artificial hip joints.  

PubMed

Hip arthroplasty can be considered one of the major successes of orthopedic surgery, with more than 350000 replacements performed every year in the United States with a constantly increasing rate. The main limitations to the lifespan of these devices are due to tribological aspects, in particular the wear of mating surfaces, which implies a loss of matter and modification of surface geometry. However, wear is a complex phenomenon, also involving lubrication and friction. The present paper deals with the tribological performance of hip implants and is organized in to three main sections. Firstly, the basic elements of tribology are presented, from contact mechanics of ball-in-socket joints to ultra high molecular weight polyethylene wear laws. Some fundamental equations are also reported, with the aim of providing the reader with some simple tools for tribological investigations. In the second section, the focus moves to artificial hip joints, defining materials and geometrical properties and discussing their friction, lubrication and wear characteristics. In particular, the features of different couplings, from metal-on-plastic to metal-on-metal and ceramic-on-ceramic, are discussed as well as the role of the head radius and clearance. How friction, lubrication and wear are interconnected and most of all how they are specific for each loading and kinematic condition is highlighted. Thus, the significant differences in patients and their lifestyles account for the high dispersion of clinical data. Furthermore, such consideration has raised a new discussion on the most suitable in vitro tests for hip implants as simplified gait cycles can be too far from effective implant working conditions. In the third section, the trends of hip implants in the years from 2003 to 2012 provided by the National Joint Registry of England, Wales and Northern Ireland are summarized and commented on in a discussion. PMID:25621213

Di Puccio, Francesca; Mattei, Lorenza

2015-01-18

374

Biotribology of artificial hip joints  

PubMed Central

Hip arthroplasty can be considered one of the major successes of orthopedic surgery, with more than 350000 replacements performed every year in the United States with a constantly increasing rate. The main limitations to the lifespan of these devices are due to tribological aspects, in particular the wear of mating surfaces, which implies a loss of matter and modification of surface geometry. However, wear is a complex phenomenon, also involving lubrication and friction. The present paper deals with the tribological performance of hip implants and is organized in to three main sections. Firstly, the basic elements of tribology are presented, from contact mechanics of ball-in-socket joints to ultra high molecular weight polyethylene wear laws. Some fundamental equations are also reported, with the aim of providing the reader with some simple tools for tribological investigations. In the second section, the focus moves to artificial hip joints, defining materials and geometrical properties and discussing their friction, lubrication and wear characteristics. In particular, the features of different couplings, from metal-on-plastic to metal-on-metal and ceramic-on-ceramic, are discussed as well as the role of the head radius and clearance. How friction, lubrication and wear are interconnected and most of all how they are specific for each loading and kinematic condition is highlighted. Thus, the significant differences in patients and their lifestyles account for the high dispersion of clinical data. Furthermore, such consideration has raised a new discussion on the most suitable in vitro tests for hip implants as simplified gait cycles can be too far from effective implant working conditions. In the third section, the trends of hip implants in the years from 2003 to 2012 provided by the National Joint Registry of England, Wales and Northern Ireland are summarized and commented on in a discussion. PMID:25621213

Di Puccio, Francesca; Mattei, Lorenza

2015-01-01

375

Semiconstrained Distal Radioulnar Joint Prosthesis  

PubMed Central

Distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) problems can occur as a result of joint instability, abutment, or incongruity. The DRUJ is a weight-bearing joint; the ulnar head is frequently excised either totally or partially, and in some cases it is fused, because of degenerative, rheumatoid, or posttraumatic arthritis. Articles about these procedures report the ability to pronate and supinate, but they rarely discuss grip strength, and even less do they address lifting capacity. We report the long term results of the first 35 patients who underwent total DRUJ arthroplasty with the Aptis DRUJ prosthesis after 5 years follow-up. Surgical indications were all causes of dysfunctional DRUJ (degenerative, posttraumatic, autoimmune, congenital). We recorded data for patient demographics, range of motion (ROM), strength, and lifting capacity of the operated and of the nonoperated extremity. Pain and functional assessments were also recorded. The Aptis DRUJ prosthesis, a bipolar self-stabilizing DRUJ endoprosthesis that restores forearm function, consists of a semiconstained and modular implant designed to replace the function of the ulnar head, the sigmoid notch of the radius, and the triangular fibrocartilage ligaments. The surgical technique is presented in detail. The majority of the patients regained adequate ROM and improved their strength and lifting capacity to the operated side. Pain and activities of daily living were improved. Twelve patients experienced complications, most commonly being extensor carpi ulnaris (ECU) tendinitis, ectopic bone formation, bone resorption with stem loosening, low-grade infection, and need for ball replacement. The Aptis total DRUJ replacement prosthesis is an alternative to salvage procedures that enables a full range of motion as well as the ability to grip and lift weights encountered in daily living activities. PMID:24436788

Savvidou, Christiana; Murphy, Erin; Mailhot, Emilie; Jacob, Shushan; Scheker, Luis R.

2013-01-01

376

Advanced Pacemaker  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Synchrony, developed by St. Jude Medical's Cardiac Rhythm Management Division (formerly known as Pacesetter Systems, Inc.) is an advanced state-of-the-art implantable pacemaker that closely matches the natural rhythm of the heart. The companion element of the Synchrony Pacemaker System is the Programmer Analyzer APS-II which allows a doctor to reprogram and fine tune the pacemaker to each user's special requirements without surgery. The two-way communications capability that allows the physician to instruct and query the pacemaker is accomplished by bidirectional telemetry. APS-II features 28 pacing functions and thousands of programming combinations to accommodate diverse lifestyles. Microprocessor unit also records and stores pertinent patient data up to a year.

1990-01-01

377

Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis  

ScienceCinema

The Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP) is the nation's largest research program dedicated to the development of an artificial solar-fuel generation technology. Established in 2010 as a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Innovation Hub, JCAP aims to find a cost-effective method to produce fuels using only sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide as inputs. JCAP brings together more than 140 top scientists and researchers from the California Institute of Technology and its lead partner, Berkeley Lab, along with collaborators from the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, and the University of California campuses at Irvine and San Diego.

Koval, Carl; Lee, Kenny; Houle, Frances; Lewis, Nate

2013-12-19

378

Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis  

SciTech Connect

The Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP) is the nation's largest research program dedicated to the development of an artificial solar-fuel generation technology. Established in 2010 as a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Innovation Hub, JCAP aims to find a cost-effective method to produce fuels using only sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide as inputs. JCAP brings together more than 140 top scientists and researchers from the California Institute of Technology and its lead partner, Berkeley Lab, along with collaborators from the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, and the University of California campuses at Irvine and San Diego.

Koval, Carl; Lee, Kenny; Houle, Frances; Lewis, Nate

2013-12-10

379

Space nuclear system expansion joints  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The engineering, design, and fabrication status of the expansion joint unit (EJU) to be employed in the NaK primary coolant piping loop of the 5-kwe Reactor thermoelectric system are described. Four EJU's are needed in the NaK primary coolant piping loop. The four EJU's which will be identical, utilize bellows as the flexing member, are hermetically sealed, and provide double containment. The bellows are of a nested-formed design, and are to be constructed of 1-ply thickness of 0.010-in. Inconel 718. The EJU's provide a minimum piping load margin of safety of +0.22.

Whitaker, W. D.; Shimazki, T. T.

1973-01-01

380

Automatic locking knee brace joint  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This invention is an apparatus for controlling the pivotal movement of a knee brace comprising a tang-and-clevis joint that has been uniquely modified. Both the tang and the clevis have a set of teeth that, when engaged, can lock the tang and the clevis together. In addition, the tang is biased away from the clevis. Consequently, when there is no axial force (i.e., body weight) on the tang, the tang is free to pivot within the clevis. However, when an axial force is exerted on the tang, the tang is pushed into the clevis, both sets of teeth engage, and the tang and the clevis lock together.

Weddendorf, Bruce (inventor)

1995-01-01

381

Fellows Celebrated at Joint Assembly  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 2009 AGU Fellows were presented at the recent Joint Assembly in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. At a formal ceremony on 26 May 2009, AGU President Timothy L. Grove introduced each Fellow and read a brief statement of the achievements for which each had been selected. The presentations were followed by a reception for meeting attendees and a banquet at which family members and close colleagues further feted the honorees. AGU Fellows are scientists who have attained “acknowledged eminence in the geophysical sciences.” Election to AGU Fellowship is a very high recognition by one's peers. The number of Fellows elected may not exceed 0.1% of the membership in any given year.

2009-06-01

382

Management of temporomandibular joint ankylosis.  

PubMed

Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis is a pathologic condition where the mandible is fused to the fossa by bony or fibrotic tissues. This interferes with mastication, speech, oral hygiene, and normal life activities, and can be potentially life threatening when struggling to acquire an airway in an emergency. Trauma is the most common cause of TMJ ankylosis, followed by infection. Diagnosis of TMJ ankylosis is usually made by clinical examination and imaging studies. The management goal in TMJ ankylosis is to increase the patient's mandibular function, correct associated facial deformity, decrease pain, and prevent reankylosis. PMID:25483442

Movahed, Reza; Mercuri, Louis G

2015-02-01

383

Three-dimensional evaluation of the facet joints  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging nave revolurionalized analysis of vertebral anatomy and pathology. Further advances with 3-dimensional imaging have recently become an important adjunct for diagnosis and treatment in structural abnormalities. Facets are intimately related to their surrounding musculature and malalignment may cause pain directly or indirectly. High resolution 3-dimensional reformations of CT Scans give us new insight on structure and function of facet joints, since their motion and architecture are ever complex. It is well documented in the literature that facet joint biomecnanics is a partial contributor to the myriad at causes of low back The term "facet Joint syndrome" was coined in 1933 by GhorMley.3 The osteopathic lesion complex is well defined by LeRoy and McCole and comparison of roentgenographic findings before and after manipulation has teen described by Long and Lioyd.4,5 since alterations in facet biamechanics are an important aspect of osteopathic manipulative therapy (OT), 3-dimensional hign resolution imaging will prove to be a great asset in osteopathic research. Rotating the spine allows for different viewing perspectives to provide optimal and consistent measurements of the facet joint. Rotations are performed on the X, Y and 7, axis and measurements pre and post-manipulation are performed and compared on matching axis and perspectives. Rotation about the X, Y and Z axis help appreciate the 3-dimensionality of the vertebral column to project to the viewer a feeling that the spine is floating in space before them. This does give the viewer a 3-D understanding of the object however, only at a perspective at a Lime.

Folio, Les R.

1990-04-01

384

Rhizarthrosis fourth grade of eaton with hyperextension of the metacarpophalangeal joint?  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION Restoration of thumb function with a painfree, stable, and mobile joint with preserved strength are the main goals of treatment of painful arthritis of the thumb. We present our clinical experience in surgical treatment of this disease, in its highest degree of affectation. PRESENTATION OF CASE A 57-year-old woman presents with a 2-year history of worsening pain at the base of her right, dominant, trapezial-metacarpal (TM) joint. Her thumb metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint hyperextends 30° with lateral pinch. Radiographs demonstrate Eaton stage IV degenerative changes of her TM joint and no arthritis of her thumb MCP joint. She was successfully treated with a modified Burton–Pellegrini arthroplasty and sesamoidesis to the metacarpal head. DISCUSSION In cases of advanced rhizarthrosis conventional surgery does not serve to correct deformities of the metacarpophalangeal joint that may affect to the postsurgical outcomes. CONCLUSION rhizarthrosis management must be carried out in a global way. When a surgical treatment is planned, all deformities must be taken into account. PMID:24012576

Faour-Martín, Omar; Martín-Ferrero, Miguel Ángel; Valverde-García, Jose Antonio; Vega-Castrillo, Aurelio; De La Red-Gallego, María Ángeles

2013-01-01

385

Biometry of the calcaneocuboid joint: biomechanical implications.  

PubMed

Precise biometric data of calcaneus, cuboid bones and calcaneocuboid joint are not alluded to in textbooks of anatomy. This study focussed on the biometry of 50 calcanei, 30 cuboid dry bones, and anatomical specimens of 21 transverse tarsal joints. Measurement of the length, width, angular orientation, contact surface and radius of curvature, rolling band of the joints surfaces according to the main axes were performed. The results focussed on biometric variations with several morphological types never identified previously. Measurements obtained on dry bones and anatomical specimens with the functions of ligaments were distinguished. The morphology of the calcaneus could explain the results of osteotomy procedures for the treatment of adult flatfoot. A better knowledge of the joint surfaces and biometric data would generate a modeling of the calcaneocuboid joint and function in locking the transverse tarsal joint. PMID:23548445

Bonnel, F; Teissier, P; Colombier, J A; Toullec, E; Assi, C

2013-06-01

386

Advanced Distributed Architecture for a Small Biped Robot Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, an advanced architecture for embedded control systems to be used in a mobile biped robot, called YABIRO-II, is presented. The robot has a total height of 55 cm, and a total weight of 4 Kg. Also, it has a total of 27 degrees of freedom (DOF). This number of joints enables YABIRO-II to produce many different gait

M. Albero; F. Blanes; G. Benet; J. E. Simo; J. Coronel

2006-01-01

387

Mechatronics II: advanced mechatronics for mechanical engineering students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly, the field of mechatronics is seen as an essential background of a practicing mechanical engineer. A course in advanced mechatronics is described which is offered as a joint graduate-undergraduate course and is intended to be a second course in mechatronics. As opposed to many mechatronics courses, this course focuses more on intelligent product design than on DSP or controls

J. F. Gardner; J. S. Lamancusa

1999-01-01

388

Meeting Report: The CTBT and advances in earth science  

Microsoft Academic Search

David Booth and Peter Maguire report on a two-day meeting organized by the Royal Astronomical Society and the British Geophysical Association, that showed how scientific challenges generated by the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty have been addressed, and how they continue to stimulate advances in earth science. David Booth and Peter Maguire were joint organizers of this meeting. Meeting programme,

David Booth; Peter Maguire

2002-01-01

389

Bricklaying Curriculum: Advanced Bricklaying Techniques. Instructional Materials. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is designed to assist bricklaying instructors in providing performance-based instruction in advanced bricklaying. Included in the first section of the guide are units on customized or architectural masonry units; glass block; sills, lintels, and copings; and control (expansion) joints. The next two units deal with cut,…

Turcotte, Raymond J.; Hendrix, Laborn J.

390

Functions and Requirements in the Advanced Spaceport Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the initial activity of the Advanced Spaceport Technology Working Group (ASTWG), a joint federal government, state government, military, academia, and commercial working group, as it works to develop a technology planning process. This process will be used by the ASTWG to identify, coordinate, develop, and demonstrate technologies that will improve spaceport safety and reliability and lower the

Roelof L. Schuiling

2003-01-01

391

Locked Superior Dislocation of the Acromioclavicular Joint  

PubMed Central

Acromioclavicular (AC) joint injuries account for approximately 3–5% of shoulder girdle injuries (Rockwood et al., 1998). Depending on severity of injury and direction of displacement these are classified using Rockwood classification system for AC joint dislocation. We present an unusual case presenting with locked superior dislocation of the AC joint highlighting the presentation and subsequent successful surgical management of such case. To our knowledge this has not been reported previously in literature. PMID:24455370

Elamin, Salma Eltoum; Webb, Mark

2013-01-01

392

Entropic uncertainties for joint quantum measurements  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the uncertainty associated with a joint quantum measurement of two spin components of a spin-(1/2) particle and quantify this in terms of entropy. We consider two entropic quantities, the joint entropy and the sum of the marginal entropies, and obtain lower bounds for each of these quantities. For the case of joint measurements where we measure each spin observable equally well, these lower bounds are tight.

Brougham, Thomas [Department of Physics, FJFI, CVUT, Brehova 7, 115 19 Praha 1 (Czech Republic); SUPA, Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 ONG (United Kingdom); Andersson, Erika [SUPA, Department of Physics, School of EPS, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4As (United Kingdom); Barnett, Stephen M. [SUPA, Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 ONG (United Kingdom)

2009-10-15

393

Hydraulic-Leak Detector for Hidden Joints  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Slow leakage of fluid made obvious. Indicator consists of wick wrapped at one end around joint to be monitored. Wick absorbs hydraulic fluid leaking from joint and transmits to opposite end, located outside cover plate and visible to inspector. Leakage manifested as discoloration of outside end of wick. Indicator reveals leaks in hidden fittings on hydraulic lines. Fast inspection of joints without disassembly. Used in aerospace, petroleum, chemical, nuclear, and other industries where removing covers for inspection impossible, difficult, or time-consuming.

Anderson, G. E.; Loo, S.

1986-01-01

394

Interlocking wedge joint is easily assembled  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Wedge joint links structural members in manual, remote, or automated assemblies. Joint is simple enough to be assembled by undersea divers, workers in nuclear reactors, and other wearing gloves or bulky clothing. Combination of wedging angles on parts overcomes structural misalinements and forces assembly into true position as locking sleeve moves into place. Joint transmits tension, compression, bending moments and torsion and is inherently insensitive to thermal excursions, vibration, and machining tolerance buildup.

Long, M. J.

1981-01-01

395

Is joint hypermobility important in prepubertal children?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate serum prolidase activity and its relationship with collagen metabolism and joint\\u000a hypermobility, and to determine the prevalence and characteristics of joint hypermobility in prepubertal children. Serum prolidase\\u000a activity was measured spectrophotometrically. Joint hypermobility was defined using Beighton criteria. The children underwent\\u000a complete history and physical examination. Serum levels of prolidase were lower

Pelin Yazgan; ?clal Geyikli; Dost Zeyrek; Lutfu Baktiroglu; Mehmet Ali Kurcer

2008-01-01

396

Septic arthritis of the sternoclavicular joint.  

PubMed

Septic arthritis is a medical emergency that requires immediate action to prevent significant morbidity and mortality. The sternoclavicular joint may have a more insidious onset than septic arthritis at other sites. A high index of suspicion and judicious use of laboratory and radiologic evaluation can help solidify this diagnosis. The sternoclavicular joint is likely to become infected in the immunocompromised patient or the patient who uses intravenous drugs, but sternoclavicular joint arthritis in the former is uncommon. This case series describes the course of 2 immunocompetent patients who were treated conservatively for septic arthritis of the sternoclavicular joint. PMID:23136331

Womack, Jason

2012-01-01

397

Molecular monitoring of equine joint homeostasis.  

PubMed

Diseases affecting synovial joints are a major cause of chronic disability both in humans and in companion animal species, most notably dogs and horses. As progressive deterioration of the articular cartilage is the hallmark of degenerative joint disease or osteoarthritis, research efforts traditionally tended to focus primarily on cartilage pathology. However, in recent years it has become clear that synovial joints should be considered intricate organs in their own right, with each of the constituent tissues (cartilage, bone, and synovial membrane) interacting with each other both in health and disease. Moreover, with the advent of modern molecular biology techniques, the importance of synovial inflammation in disease development and progression has become increasingly recognized. These realizations have spurred the need for tools that allow a more comprehensive, integral study of synovial joint homeostasis. This review provides a brief overview of synovial joint biology and the concept of joint homeostasis, followed by a discussion of methods that may be used to study joint homeostasis (varying from in vitro tissue culture to in vivo imaging) including specific advantages and limitations of each approach. It then zooms in on one such approach, synovial fluid biomarker analysis, as a promising avenue in synovial joint research, highlighting some results from equine studies performed in the author's own laboratory that illustrate how such studies may help shed light on in vivo joint homeostasis and therapeutic modulation thereof. The review concludes with some future perspectives and promising developments in the field. PMID:22029852

de Grauw, Janny C

2011-06-01

398

Life Estimation of Hip Joint Prosthesis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hip joint is one of the largest weight-bearing structures in the human body. In the event of a failure of the natural hip joint, it is replaced with an artificial hip joint, known as hip joint prosthesis. The design of hip joint prosthesis must be such so as to resist fatigue failure of hip joint stem as well as bone cement, and minimize wear caused by sliding present between its head and socket. In the present paper an attempt is made to consider both fatigue and wear effects simultaneously in estimating functional-life of the hip joint prosthesis. The finite element modeling of hip joint prosthesis using HyperMesh™ (version 9) has been reported. The static analysis (load due to the dead weight of the body) and dynamic analysis (load due to walking cycle) have been described. Fatigue life is estimated by using the S-N curve of individual materials. To account for progressive wear of hip joint prosthesis, Archard's wear law, modifications in socket geometry and dynamic analysis have been used in a sequential manner. Using such sequential programming reduction in peak stress has been observed with increase in wear. Finally life is estimated on the basis of socket wear.

Desai, C.; Hirani, H.; Chawla, A.

2014-11-01

399

Effects of joint capsule tissue on cartilage degradation in an in vitro joint injury model  

E-print Network

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease of the whole joint that affects an estimated 20.7 million Americans. Traumatic joint injury causes an increase in risk for the development of osteoarthritis. A previously developed ...

Lin, Stephanie Norris, 1980-

2004-01-01

400

Achieving integrated convoys: cargo unmanned ground vehicle development and experimentation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Cargo UGV project was initiated in 2010 with the aim of developing and experimenting with advanced autonomous vehicles capable of being integrated unobtrusively into manned logistics convoys. The intent was to validate two hypotheses in complex, operationally representative environments: first, that unmanned tactical wheeled vehicles provide a force protection advantage by creating standoff distance to warfighters during ambushes or improvised explosive device attacks; and second, that these UGVs serve as force multipliers by enabling a single operator to control multiple unmanned assets. To assess whether current state-of-the-art autonomous vehicle technology was sufficiently capable to permit resupply missions to be executed with decreased risk and reduced manpower, and to assess the effect of UGVs on customary convoy tactics, the Marine Corps Warfighting Laboratory and the Joint Ground Robotics Enterprise sponsored Oshkosh Defense and the National Robotics Engineering Center to equip two standard Marine Corps cargo trucks for autonomous operation. This paper details the system architecture, hardware implementation, and software modules developed to meet the vehicle control, perception, and planner requirements compelled by this application. Additionally, the design of a custom human machine interface and an accompanying training program are described, as is the creation of a realistic convoy simulation environment for rapid system development. Finally, results are conveyed from a warfighter experiment in which the effectiveness of the training program for novice operators was assessed, and the impact of the UGVs on convoy operations was observed in a variety of scenarios via direct comparison to a fully manned convoy.

Zych, Noah; Silver, David; Stager, David; Green, Colin; Pilarski, Thomas; Fischer, Jacob

2013-05-01

401

Developments of joint elements and solution algorithms for dynamic analysis of jointed structures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This thesis presents an approach for constructing predictive models of structures with joints/interfaces which can not be modeled by conventional finite elements. The proposed approach partitions the whole jointed structure into linear substructures and nonlinear joint components. It is assumed that the linear substructures can be accurately modeled by finite elements. It is also assumed that joints/interfaces are the only sources of system nonlinearities. A class of nonlinear discrete joint elements designed to model representative types of joints/interfaces are developed in this thesis. The constitutive relation incorporated into joint elements characterizes the incremental joint nonlinear force in terms of the incremental interface relative displacement and the history of the force itself. The joint model is validated by correlating with the classical quasi-static solution of the Mindlin problem. The proposed joint element has several desirable characteristics: multi-dimensionality, orientation-independence, invariance with respect to rigid-body motions and separate joint element matrices. Thus, it can be implemented into existing finite element software system and the resulting model can be solved by employing a partitioned simulation algorithm. Numerical examples are used to demonstrate these properties and the modeling abilities of proposed joint elements. The proposed joint model is implemented as part of the partitioned analysis software frame which is specifically developed for dynamic modeling of heterogeneous jointed structures. The partitioned solution algorithm utilizes a scaled localized version of the method of Lagrange multipliers that improves the conditioning of the ill-conditioned system stiffness matrices emanating from heterogeneous interface flexibilities. The partitioned system equations of motion are solved for the dynamics of each substructure coupled with the interface joint models using the mid-point integration rule and modified Newton's iteration method. Numerical experiments illustrate that the solution algorithm yields accurate and stable solutions. The thesis also presents an inverse procedure to identify the nonlinear joint model. The procedure is based on the relation between the isolated analytical joint FRFs and the global experimental ones. The partitioning of the global structures by the method of localized Lagrange multipliers and localized system identification techniques are used to identify the equivalent linear joint model. Then, the nonlinear joint parameters are indirectly determined by correlating with the equivalent linearized joint matrices and the experimental data. The application of the procedure to a bolted beam structure shows that the identified joint model traces the predominant joint FRFs and the error of the reconstructed system response is within tolerance.

Yue, Xue

2002-09-01

402

Future advances.  

PubMed

Future advances in the auditory systems are difficult to predict, and only educated guesses are possible. It is expected that innovative technologies in the field of neuroscience will be applied to the auditory system. Optogenetics, Brainbow, and CLARITY will improve our knowledge of the working of neural auditory networks and the relationship between sound and language, providing a dynamic picture of the brain in action. CLARITY makes brain tissue transparent and offers a three-dimensional view of neural networks, which, combined with genetically labeling neurons with multiple, distinct colors (Optogenetics), will provide detailed information of the complex brain system. Molecular functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) will allow the study of neurotransmitters detectable by MRI and their function in the auditory pathways. The Human Connectome project will study the patterns of distributed brain activity that underlie virtually all aspects of cognition and behavior and determine if abnormalities in the distributed patterns of activity may result in hearing and behavior disorders. Similarly, the programs of Big Brain and ENIGMA will improve our understanding of auditory disorders. New stem-cell therapy and gene therapies therapy may bring about a partial restoration of hearing for impaired patients by inducing regeneration of cochlear hair cells. PMID:25726297

Celesia, Gastone G; Hickok, Gregory

2015-01-01

403

Experimental Investigation of Composite Pressure Vessel Performance and Joint Stiffness for Pyramid and Inverted Pyramid Joints  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The focus of this study is on the suitability in the application of classical laminate theory analysis tools for filament wound pressure vessels with adhesive laminated joints in particular: pressure vessel wall performance, joint stiffness and failure prediction. Two 18-inch diameter 12-ply filament wound pressure vessels were fabricated. One vessel was fabricated with a 24-ply pyramid laminated adhesive double strap butt joint. The second vessel was fabricated with the same number of plies in an inverted pyramid joint. Results from hydrostatic tests are presented. Experimental results were used as input to the computer programs GENLAM and Laminate, and the output compared to test. By using the axial stress resultant, the classical laminate theory results show a correlation within 1% to the experimental results in predicting the pressure vessel wall pressure performance. The prediction of joint stiffness for the two adhesive joints in the axial direction is within 1% of the experimental results. The calculated hoop direction joint stress resultant is 25% less than the measured resultant for both joint configurations. A correction factor is derived and used in the joint analysis. The correction factor is derived from the hoop stress resultant from the tank wall performance investigation. The vessel with the pyramid joint is determined to have failed in the joint area at a hydrostatic pressure 33% value below predicted failure. The vessel with the inverted pyramid joint failed in the wall acreage at a hydrostatic pressure within 10% of the actual failure pressure.

Verhage, Joseph M.; Bower, Mark V.; Gilbert, Paul A. (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

404

Joint Attention in Autism: Teaching Smiling Coordinated with Gaze to Respond to Joint Attention Bids  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children with autism demonstrate early deficits in joint attention and expressions of affect. Interventions to teach joint attention have addressed gaze behavior, gestures, and vocalizations, but have not specifically taught an expression of positive affect such as smiling that tends to occur during joint attention interactions. Intervention was…

Krstovska-Guerrero, Ivana; Jones, Emily A.

2013-01-01

405

How joint is the joint attention of apes and human infants? Malinda Carpenter  

E-print Network

How joint is the joint attention of apes and human infants? Malinda Carpenter Josep Call Department to determine whether nonhuman apes ­ and when human infants ­ engage in joint attention using this definition, there is so far little if any convincing evidence that chimpanzees and other apes do. We end by discussing

Carpenter, M.alinda

406

Joint Control for Dummies: An Elaboration of Lowenkron's Model of Joint (Stimulus) Control  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following paper describes Lowenkron's model of joint (stimulus) control. Joint control is described as a means of accounting for performances, especially generalized performances, for which a history of contingency control does not provide an adequate account. Examples are provided to illustrate instances in which joint control may facilitate…

Sidener, David W.

2006-01-01

407

Advanced Emissions Control Development Program  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Advanced Emissions Control Development Program (AECDP) is to develop practical, cost-effective strategies for reducing the emissions of air toxics from coal-fired boilers. Ideally, the project aim is to effectively control air toxic emissions through the use of conventional flue gas cleanup equipment such as electrostatic precipitators (ESPS), fabric filters (baghouse), and wet flue gas desulfurization. Development work to date has concentrated on the capture of mercury, other trace metals, fine particulate and hydrogen chloride. Following the construction and evaluation of a representative air toxics test facility in Phase I, Phase II focused on the evaluation of mercury and several other air toxics emissions. The AECDP is jointly funded by the United States Department of Energy's Federal Energy Technology Center (DOE), the Ohio Coal Development Office within the Ohio Department of Development (oCDO), and Babcock& Wilcox-a McDermott company (B&W).

A.P.Evans; K.E. Redinger; M.J. Holmes

1998-04-01

408

Advances in managing ankylosing spondylitis  

PubMed Central

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease with prominent involvement of the spine and sacroiliac joints which frequently leads to significant spine deformity and disability. The development of effective therapies for AS, particularly with anti-tumor necrosis factor agents, has resulted in improved symptoms and functions for many patients, and clinical research increasingly suggests that effective therapy can also prevent destruction in the spine and other structures. Recent focus of disease classification in AS has emphasized that many individuals with features of inflammatory back pain but no visible changes on plain x-rays have active inflammatory disease when imaged with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Recent studies indicate that individuals with “non-radiographic” spondylitis can also respond to anti-inflammatory therapies. Several new agents are also showing promise for treatment of AS. These developments represent a significant advance in the management of this debilitating condition. PMID:25343035

Chen, Patty P.

2014-01-01

409

Recent advances in shoulder research  

PubMed Central

Shoulder pathology is a growing concern for the aging population, athletes, and laborers. Shoulder osteoarthritis and rotator cuff disease represent the two most common disorders of the shoulder leading to pain, disability, and degeneration. While research in cartilage regeneration has not yet been translated clinically, the field of shoulder arthroplasty has advanced to the point that joint replacement is an excellent and viable option for a number of pathologic conditions in the shoulder. Rotator cuff disease has been a significant focus of research activity in recent years, as clinicians face the challenge of poor tendon healing and irreversible changes associated with rotator cuff arthropathy. Future treatment modalities involving biologics and tissue engineering hold further promise to improve outcomes for patients suffering from shoulder pathologies. PMID:22709417

2012-01-01

410

Position control of manipulator with passive joints using dynamic coupling  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method of controlling the position of a manipulator composed of active and passive joints is described. The active joints have actuators and position sensors. The passive joints have holding brakes instead of actuators. While the brakes are released, the passive joints are indirectly controlled by the motion of the active joints using the coupling characteristics of manipulator dynamics. While

Hirohiko Arai; Susumu Tachi

1991-01-01

411

Performance of Dowel-Welded Wood Furniture Linear Joints  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comparison of three types of furniture joints such as scarf joints, step butt joints and dovetail joints held together either by one or two welded dowels, glued dowels and steel nails showed that the dowels always gave better shear strength and greater stiffness than the steel nails. The results of welded dowels and glued dowel joints were found to be

C. Segovia; A. Pizzi

2009-01-01

412

Chord, Tie Bar & Crossbracing Joint Detail in Plan; Crossbracing ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Chord, Tie Bar & Crossbracing Joint Detail in Plan; Crossbracing Center Joint Detail in Plan; Chord Joining Detail in Plan & Elevation; Chord, Panel Post, Tie Bar, & Diagonal Brace Joint Detail; Crossbracing Center Joint Detail in Section; Chord, Panel Post, Tie Bar & Horizontal Brace Joint Detail - Narrows Bridge, Spanning Sugar Creek at Old County Road 280 East, Marshall, Parke County, IN

413

Pressure-actuated joint system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A pressure vessel is provided that includes first and second case segments mated with one another. First and second annular rubber layers are disposed inboard of the first and second case segments, respectively. The second annular rubber layer has a slot extending from the radial inner surface across a portion of its thickness to define a main body portion and a flexible portion. The flexible portion has an interfacing surface portion abutting against an interfacing surface portion of the first annular rubber layer to follow movement of the first annular rubber layer during operation of the pressure vessel. The slot receives pressurized gas and establishes a pressure-actuated joint between the interfacing surface portions. At least one of the interfacing surface portions has a plurality of enclosed and sealed recesses formed therein.

McGuire, John R. (Inventor)

2004-01-01

414

Fellows Celebrated at Joint Assembly  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A highlight of the 2006 Joint Assembly in Baltimore, MD. was the presentation of certificates to the 2006 class of AGU Fellows. At a black tie ceremony held on 25 May, AGU President John Orcutt introduced each Fellow and read a brief statement of the achievements for which he or she had been selected. The presentations were followed by a reception for meeting attendees and a banquet at which family members and close colleagues further feted the honorees. AGU Fellows are scientists who have attained ``acknowledged eminence in the geophysical sciences.'' Election to AGU Fellowship is a very high recognition by one's peers. The number of Fellows elected may not exceed 0.1% of the membership in any given year.

2006-06-01

415

Joint Committee on Atomic Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From 1946 to 1977, the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy (JAEC) was responsible for making "continuing studies of the activities of the Atomic Energy Commission and of problems relating to the development, use, and control of atomic energy." Over three decades, the Committee looked into peacetime uses of atomic energy, international agreements regarding atomic energy, and various mutual defense agreements. The good people at the Stanford University Libraries & Academic Information Resources (SULAIR) have created this text archive of over 144,000 pages of source materials from the hearings of this committee. Visitors may wish to start with the "About the Collection" area, as it provides a bit more information on the scope of the materials here. After this, visitors are welcome to perform a simple search across the collection, or they may also wish to browse around at their leisure. The site is rounded out by a list of additional sites and resources.

416

Manipulability of Cooperating Robots with Passive Joints  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the differential kinematics and the kineto-static manipulability indices of multiple cooperating robot arms, including active and passive joints. The kinetic manipulability indices are derived as a simple extension of previous results on cooperating robots without passive joints. The force manipulability analysis for cooperative robot systems can not be derived by “duality” arguments as it can with conventional arms,

Antonio Bicchi; Domenico Prattichizzo

1998-01-01

417

Nailed wood joints under combined loading  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new testing apparatus was designed and a test method developed to enable the application of axial loads, lateral loads, and controlled ratios of axial to lateral loads to nailed wood joints. The effect of axial load components on ultimate lateral load, joint deformations and several slip moduli were evaluated. These load-slip parameters were determined for three species of wood,

A. Louis DeBonis; J. Bodig

1975-01-01

418

Viscoelastic Analysis of an Adhesive Tubular Joint  

Microsoft Academic Search

The investigations so far available with regard to stress analysis of adhesive joints assume that the adhesive is elastic. In the present analysis the time dependent properties of the adhesive are taken into account by assuming that the adhesive is viscoelastic. The viscoelastic analysis of a tubular joint has been attempted using a prony series fitting for the relaxation modulus

R. S. Alwar; Y. R. Nagaraja

1976-01-01

419

Molecular monitoring of equine joint homeostasis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diseases affecting synovial joints are a major cause of chronic disability both in humans and in companion animal species, most notably dogs and horses. As progressive deterioration of the articular cartilage is the hallmark of degenerative joint disease or osteoarthritis, research efforts traditionally tended to focus primarily on cartilage pathology. However, in recent years it has become clear that synovial

Janny C. de Grauw

2011-01-01

420

with Thomas Edison State College Joint Bachelor's  

E-print Network

with Thomas Edison State College Joint Bachelor's Degree Option Coordinated Program in Dietetics Related Professions and Thomas Edison State University Bachelor of Science in Health Science- CoordinatedTAnT conTAcT inFormATion UMDNJ-BSHS Coordinated Program in Dietetics Joint Bachelor's Degree with Thomas

Cheng, Mei-Fang

421

An Operant Analysis of Joint Attention Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Joint attention, a synchronizing of the attention of two or more persons, has been an increasing focus of research in cognitive developmental psychology. Research in this area has progressed mainly outside of behavior analysis, and behavior-analytic research and theory has tended to ignore the work on joint attention. It is argued here, on the one…

Holth, Per

2005-01-01

422

BA Joint Honours International Relations and  

E-print Network

years) LT2R LLB Joint Honours Politics and Law (3 years) LM21 BA Joint Honours Politics and American Module The Department of Political and Cultural Studies has been awarded the right to deliver a new and the House of Lords to give personal perspectives and insights. There will be an organised visit

Harman, Neal.A.

423

Joint Occupancy: Profiles of Significant Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of schools that pay for themselves by sharing facilities with other occupants is known variously as joint occupancy or mixed or multiple use of land and buildings. A financial saving is the obvious advantage of combining schools with housing, commercial space (retail or office), or community services and offices. In addition, joint

Clinchy, Evans

424

Rolling-Convolute Joint For Pressurized Glove  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Rolling-convolute metacarpal/finger joint enhances mobility and flexibility of pressurized glove. Intended for use in space suit to increase dexterity and decrease wearer's fatigue. Also useful in diving suits and other pressurized protective garments. Two ring elements plus bladder constitute rolling-convolute joint balancing torques caused by internal pressurization of glove. Provides comfortable grasp of various pieces of equipment.

Kosmo, Joseph J.; Bassick, John W.

1994-01-01

425

University of Toronto Joint Program in Transportation  

E-print Network

University of Toronto Joint Program in Transportation Data Management Group GTA A.M. PEAK HOUR ­ Notation page i University of Toronto Joint Program in Transportation Data Management Group Preface at the University of Toronto. All enquiries related to these should be directed to: Data Management Group University

Toronto, University of

426

Bolted joints in graphite-epoxy composites  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

All-graphite/epoxy laminates and hybrid graphite-glass/epoxy laminates were tested. The tests encompassed a range of geometries for each laminate pattern to cover the three basic failure modes - net section tension failure through the bolt hole, bearing and shearout. Static tensile and compressive loads were applied. A constant bolt diameter of 6.35 mm (0.25 in.) was used in the tests. The interaction of stress concentrations associated with multi-row bolted joints was investigated by testing single- and double-row bolted joints and open-hole specimens in tension. For tension loading, linear interaction was found to exist between the bearing stress reacted at a given bolt hole and the remaining tension stress running by that hole to be reacted elsewhere. The interaction under compressive loading was found to be non-linear. Comparative tests were run using single-lap bolted joints and double-lap joints with pin connection. Both of these joint types exhibited lower strengths than were demonstrated by the corresponding double-lap joints. The analysis methods developed here for single bolt joints are shown to be capable of predicting the behavior of multi-row joints.

Hart-Smith, L. J.

1976-01-01

427

Monroe County, New York 2013 Joint Community  

E-print Network

Monroe County, New York 2013 Joint Community Service Plan 2014-2016 For Health Systems Serving for Community Health Finger Lakes Health System Agency #12;Monroe County Joint Community Service Plan 2014 community p. 4 IV. Public Participation p. 8 V. Selection of public health priorities p. 19 VI. Three Year

428

38 CFR 4.66 - Sacroiliac joint.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...increased bone density of the sacrum and ilium and sharpening of the margins of the joint. Disability is manifest from erector spinae spasm (not accounted for by other pathology), tenderness on deep palpation and percussion over these joints, loss of normal...

2010-07-01

429

Joint Ventures: A New Agenda for Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author states that vocational education can join in partnerships with industry, labor, and government to contribute to economic development. Examples of current programs are included. The "joint venture" concept is explained and ideas for forming joint ventures are shared. (CH)

Griffin, Dean

1989-01-01

430

Navstar Global Positioning System Joint Program Office  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Navstar Global Positioning System Joint Program Office site provides links to Navstar and GPS, the Joint Program Office, user equipment, space segment, control segment, CSEL Program Office, acquisition logistics, contacts, resources, GPS program library, configuration management, system engineering, user equipment sustainment, and pseudo random noise requests.

Navstar Global Positioning System Joint Program Office

431

Pathogenesis of degenerative temporomandibular joint arthritides  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past decade, remarkable progress has been made in the study of molecular mechanisms involved in degenerative temporomandibular joint arthritides. Based on recent findings, models of degenerative temporomandibular joint disease predict that mechanical loads trigger a cascade of molecular events leading to disease in susceptible individuals. These events involve the production or release of free radicals, cytokines, fatty acid

Stephen B. Milam

2005-01-01

432

Joint multisensor exploitation for mine detection  

E-print Network

environmental conditions. Under support from Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate (NVESD) we have developed an approach that, through joint exploitation of multiple sensors, improves detection performance over that achieved from a single sensor. In this paper we describe the joint exploitation method

Scott G. Beaven *a; Alan D. Stocker A; Edwin W. Winter B

433

Joint hypermobility in patients with chondromalacia patellae  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The relationship between joint mobility and chondromalacia patellae was reported in a prospective study. A total of 115 patients with chondromalacia patellae were compared with 110 healthy individuals without chondromalacia patellae, matched for age and sex, who served as a control group. The degree of joint mobility was scored on a scale of 0-9. The number of individuals with

Z. AL-RAWI; A. H. NESSAN

1997-01-01

434

High temperature ceramic/metal joint structure  

DOEpatents

A high temperature turbine engine includes a hybrid ceramic/metallic rotor member having ceramic/metal joint structure. The disclosed joint is able to endure higher temperatures than previously possible, and aids in controlling heat transfer in the rotor member.

Boyd, Gary L. (Tempe, AZ)

1991-01-01

435

Chicken Skeleton - Ball and Socket Joint (Limb)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The chicken has wings modified for flight, although it spends much it its time on ground. The bones are very light and long with finger-like ends. The ball and socket joint and hinge joint allow the chicken to move its wing in different directions.

Ketan Patel (California State University, Fullerton; Student, Biological Sciences)

2007-07-28

436

Chicken Skeleton - Ball and Socket Joint (Wing)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The chicken has large feet because it spends so much of its time on the ground. The ball and socket joints and hinge joints allow the chicken to move its leg. It uses its sharp claws mainly for defense against predators.

Ketan Patel (California State University, Fullerton; Student, Biological Sciences)

2007-07-28

437

Suspending and Reinstating Joint Activities with Dialogue  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interruptions are common in joint activities like conversations. Typically, interrupted participants suspend the activity, address the interruption, and then reinstate the activity. In conversation, people jointly commit to interact and to talk about a topic, establishing these commitments sequentially. When a commitment is suspended, face is…

Chevalley, Eric; Bangerter, Adrian

2010-01-01

438

Joint Involvement Associated with Inflammatory Bowel Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Joint involvement associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) belongs to the concept of spondyloarthritis (SpA) and includes two types of arthritis: a peripheral arthritis characterized by the presence of pauciarticular asymmetrical arthritis affecting preferentially joints of lower extremities and an axial arthropathy including inflammatory back pain, sacroiliitis and ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Treatment of arthritis includes a short-term use of NSAIDs

M. De Vos

2009-01-01

439

Nondestructive testing of adhesively-bonded joints  

Microsoft Academic Search

One approach to testing the suitability of an adhesive joint for a particular application is to build and test to destruction a representative sample of the joint. In this way the best adhesive and surface treatment for a given application can be found. To reduce the costs of this approach, the designer will wish to call on previous experience with

R. D. Adams; B. W. Drinkwater

1997-01-01

440

Advanced process control framework initiative  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The semiconductor industry, one the world's most fiercely competitive industries, is driven by increasingly complex process technologies and global competition to improve cycle time, quality, and process flexibility. Due to the complexity of these problems, current process control techniques are generally nonautomated, time-consuming, reactive, nonadaptive, and focused on individual fabrication tools and processes. As the semiconductor industry moves into higher density processes, radical new approaches are required. To address the need for advanced factory-level process control in this environment, Honeywell, Advanced Micro Devices (AMD), and SEMATECH formed the Advanced Process Control Framework Initiative (APCFI) joint research project. The project defines and demonstrates an Advanced Process Control (APC) approach based on SEMATECH's Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) Framework. Its scope includes the coordination of Manufacturing Execution Systems, process control tools, and wafer fabrication equipment to provide necessary process control capabilities. Moreover, it takes advantage of the CIM Framework to integrate and coordinate applications from other suppliers that provide services necessary for the overall system to function. This presentation discusses the key concept of model-based process control that differentiates the APC Framework. This major improvement over current methods enables new systematic process control by linking the knowledge of key process settings to desired product characteristics that reside in models created with commercial model development tools The unique framework-based approach facilitates integration of commercial tools and reuse of their data by tying them together in an object-based structure. The presentation also explores the perspective of each organization's involvement in the APCFI project. Each has complementary goals and expertise to contribute; Honeywell represents the supplier viewpoint, AMD represents the user with 'real customer requirements', and SEMATECH provides a consensus-building organization that widely disseminates technology to suppliers and users in the semiconductor industry that face similar equipment and factory control systems challenges.

Hill, Tom; Nettles, Steve

1997-01-01

441

The Advanced Manufacturing Partnership  

E-print Network

The Advanced Manufacturing Partnership Carrie Houtman Government Affairs Director, The Dow Chemical Company Advanced Manufacturing Partnership 2.0 Regional Mee:ng ­ February 3, 2014 #12;Background on the Advanced Manufacturing

Das, Suman

442

SCIENCE BRIEF: ADVANCED CONCEPTS  

EPA Science Inventory

Research on advanced concepts will evaluate and demonstrate the application of innovative infrastructure designs, management procedures and operational approaches. Advanced concepts go beyond simple asset management. The infusion of these advanced concepts into established wastew...

443

Advanced Computing Doctoral Program in Advanced Computing  

E-print Network

Advanced Computing Doctoral Program in Advanced Computing Information General The academic year program in Advanced Computing. Structure of studies Access and admission of students Quality assurance From the academic year 2013-2014 implants the new program of PhD in Computer Science subject to RD 99

Escolano, Francisco

444

Shear joint capability versus bolt clearance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of a conservative analysis approach into the determination of shear joint strength capability for typical space-flight hardware as a function of the bolt-hole clearance specified in the design are presented. These joints are comprised of high-strength steel fasteners and abutments constructed of aluminum alloys familiar to the aerospace industry. A general analytical expression was first arrived at which relates bolt-hole clearance to the bolt shear load required to place all joint fasteners into a shear transferring position. Extension of this work allowed the analytical development of joint load capability as a function of the number of fasteners, shear strength of the bolt, bolt-hole clearance, and the desired factor of safety. Analysis results clearly indicate that a typical space-flight hardware joint can withstand significant loading when less than ideal bolt hole clearances are used in the design.

Lee, H. M.

1992-01-01

445

Joint Impedance Decreases during Movement Initiation  

PubMed Central

The mechanical properties of the joint influence how we interact with our environment and hence are important in the control of both posture and movement. Many studies have investigated how the mechanical properties—specifically the impedance—of different joints vary with different postural tasks. However, studies on how joint impedance varies with movement remain limited. The few studies that have investigated how impedance varies with movement have found that impedance is lower during movement than during posture. In this study we investigated how impedance changed as people transitioned from a postural task to a movement task. We found that subjects’ joint impedances decreased at the initiation of movement, prior to increasing at the cessation of movement. This decrease in impedance occurred even though the subjects’ torque and EMG levels increased. These findings suggest that during movement the central nervous system may control joint impedance independently of muscle activation. PMID:23366632

Ludvig, Daniel; Antos, Stephen A.; Perreault, Eric J.

2013-01-01

446

Mechanically Induced g-Jitter from Space Station Rotary Joints  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The mission of the International Space Station is to provide a working laboratory in orbit for research in engineering, life sciences, and microgravity. Among the microgravity disciplines that are preparing to utilize this international resource are materials processing, combustion, fluid dynamics, biotechnology, and fundamental physics. The Station promises to enable significant advances in each of these areas by making available a research facility in which gravitational and other accelerations, and their corresponding buoyancy and diffusion effects on various physical processes, are orders of magnitude lower than they are on Earth. In order to fulfill this promise, it is not enough for the Space Station to simply replicate a typical terrestrial scientific laboratory in orbit. Although an orbiting laboratory is free of most of the effects of gravitational acceleration by virtue of its free fall condition, it also produces structural vibration or jitter that can interfere with the processes under study. To ensure the quality of the acceleration environment and enable a successful mission, the Space Station Program has limited potential disturbances in two ways: first, by isolating the most sensitive payloads from the vehicle structure, and second, by quieting major disturbances at their sources. The first area, payload isolation, is implemented inside the pressurized modules at the rack level. Sub-rack level isolators have also been developed. This paper addresses the second area, disturbance source limits, for one of the major sources of mechanical noise on the Space Station: the Solar Alpha Rotary Joints. Due to the potential for large disturbances to the microgravity environment, an initial analytical prediction of rotary joint vibration output was made. Key components were identified and tested to validate the analytical predictions. Based on the component test results, the final vibration output of the joints was verified by a test on each fully assembled flight unit. This paper describes the Space Station microgravity requirements, the rotary joint hardware, and the disturbance producing aspects of joint operation. The test setup, instrumentation, test conditions, and results for the component level and system level measurements are described. An overall forcing function that describes the maximum torque imparted to the Station is created based on the test results, and these disturbances are shown to meet the applicable Space Station microgravity requirements.

Boucher, Robert L.

2000-01-01

447

Impact extractive fracture of jointed steel plates of a bolted joint  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study is concerned with the development of a fracture criterion for the impact fracture of jointed steel plates of a bolted joint used in a car body. For the accurate prediction of crash characteristics of car bodies by computer-aided engineering (CAE), it is also necessary to examine the behavior and fracture of jointed steel plates subjected to impact loads. Although the actual impact fracture of jointed steel plates of a bolted joint used in cars is complicated, for simplifying the problem it might be classified into the shear fracture and the extractive fracture of jointed steel plates. Attention is given to the extractive fracture of jointed steel plates in this study. The extractive behavior and fracture of three kinds of steel plates used for cars are examined in experiments and numerical simulations. The impact extraction test of steel plates jointed by a bolt is performed using the one-bar method, together with the static test. In order to understand the mechanism of extractive fracture process of jointed steel plates, numerical simulations by a FEM code LS-DYNA are also carried out. The obtained results suggest that a stress-based fracture criterion may be developed for the impact extractive fracture of jointed steel plates of a bolted joint used in a car body.

Daimaruya, M.; Fujiki, H.; Ambarita, H.

2012-08-01

448

Effect of joint damping and joint nonlinearity on the dynamics of space structures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Analyses of the effect of linear joint characteristics on the vibrations of a free-free, three-joint beam model show that increasing joint damping increases resonant frequencies and increases modal damping but only to the point where the joint gets 'locked up' by damping. This behavior is different from that predicted by modeling joint damping as proportional damping. Nonlinear analyses of the three-joint model with cubic springs at the joints show all the classical single DOF nonlinear response behavior at each resonance of the multiple DOF system: nondoubling of response for a doubling of forcing amplitude, multiple solutions, jump behavior, and resonant frequency shifts. These properties can be concisely quantified by characteristic backbone curves, which show the locus of resonant peaks for increasing forcing amplitude.

Bowden, Mary; Dugundji, John

1988-01-01

449

Joint nuclear safety research projects between the US and Russian Federation International Nuclear Safety Centers  

SciTech Connect

The Russian Federation Ministry for Atomic Energy (MINATOM) and the US Department of Energy (USDOE) formed international Nuclear Safety Centers in October 1995 and July 1996, respectively, to collaborate on nuclear safety research. Since January 1997, the two centers have initiated the following nine joint research projects: (1) INSC web servers and databases; (2) Material properties measurement and assessment; (3) Coupled codes: Neutronic, thermal-hydraulic, mechanical and other; (4) Severe accident management for Soviet-designed reactors; (5) Transient management and advanced control; (6) Survey of relevant nuclear safety research facilities in the Russian Federation; (8) Advanced structural analysis; and (9) Development of a nuclear safety research and development plan for MINATOM. The joint projects were selected on the basis of recommendations from two groups of experts convened by NEA and from evaluations of safety impact, cost, and deployment potential. The paper summarizes the projects, including the long-term goals, the implementing strategy and some recent accomplishments for each project.

Bougaenko, S.E.; Kraev, A.E. [International Nuclear Safety Center of the Russian MINATOM, Moscow (Russian Federation); Hill, D.L.; Braun, J.C.; Klickman, A.E. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). International Nuclear Safety Center

1998-08-01

450

Exercises in radiological diagnosis of the cervicooccipital joint  

SciTech Connect

This book discusses the diagnostic radiology of joints of neck and skull. The contents are: Atlanto-occipital joint-Radiography Problems, exercises, etc.; and Atlanto-occipital joint-Radiography-Case studies.

Wackenheim, A.

1985-01-01

451

75 FR 51061 - Joint and Several Liability Reallocation Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Joint and Several Liability Reallocation Agreement AGENCY: Farm Credit Administration...joint and several liability reallocation agreement; request for comments...Joint and Several Liability Reallocation Agreement (Agreement) to be entered into by...

2010-08-18

452

21 CFR 888.3780 - Wrist joint polymer constrained prosthesis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 false Wrist joint polymer constrained prosthesis. 888.3780...Devices § 888.3780 Wrist joint polymer constrained prosthesis. (a) Identification. A wrist joint polymer constrained prosthesis is a...

2014-04-01

453

21 CFR 888.3720 - Toe joint polymer constrained prosthesis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Toe joint polymer constrained prosthesis. 888.3720 Section 888.3720...3720 Toe joint polymer constrained prosthesis. (a) Identification. A toe joint polymer constrained prosthesis is a device made of...

2013-04-01

454

21 CFR 888.3780 - Wrist joint polymer constrained prosthesis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Wrist joint polymer constrained prosthesis. 888.3780 Section 888.3780... Wrist joint polymer constrained prosthesis. (a) Identification. A wrist joint polymer constrained prosthesis is a device made of...

2011-04-01

455

21 CFR 872.3940 - Total temporomandibular joint prosthesis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Total temporomandibular joint prosthesis. 872.3940 Section 872.3940...3940 Total temporomandibular joint prosthesis. (a) Identification. A total temporomandibular joint prosthesis is a device that is intended...

2010-04-01

456

21 CFR 872.3940 - Total temporomandibular joint prosthesis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Total temporomandibular joint prosthesis. 872.3940 Section 872.3940...3940 Total temporomandibular joint prosthesis. (a) Identification. A total temporomandibular joint prosthesis is a device that is intended...

2013-04-01

457

Joint ventures: to pursue or not to pursue?  

PubMed

Hospitals should carefully select joint venture partners. The joint venture evaluation process should involve a high-level screen of strategic opportunities. Hospitals should develop a full business plan for the joint venture. PMID:18018791

Blaszyk, Michael D; Hill-Mischel, Jody

2007-11-01

458

49 CFR 234.235 - Insulated rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Insulated rail joints. 234.235 Section 234.235 Transportation... Maintenance Standards § 234.235 Insulated rail joints. Each insulated rail joint used to separate train detection...

2014-10-01

459

49 CFR 234.235 - Insulated rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Insulated rail joints. 234.235 Section 234.235 Transportation... Maintenance Standards § 234.235 Insulated rail joints. Each insulated rail joint used to separate train detection...

2011-10-01

460

49 CFR 236.59 - Insulated rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Insulated rail joints. 236.59 Section 236.59 Transportation...Systems Track Circuits § 236.59 Insulated rail joints. Insulated rail joints shall be maintained in condition to...

2012-10-01

461

49 CFR 234.235 - Insulated rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Insulated rail joints. 234.235 Section 234.235 Transportation... Maintenance Standards § 234.235 Insulated rail joints. Each insulated rail joint used to separate train detection...

2013-10-01

462

49 CFR 234.235 - Insulated rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Insulated rail joints. 234.235 Section 234.235 Transportation... Maintenance Standards § 234.235 Insulated rail joints. Each insulated rail joint used to separate train detection...

2010-10-01

463

49 CFR 236.59 - Insulated rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Insulated rail joints. 236.59 Section 236.59 Transportation...Systems Track Circuits § 236.59 Insulated rail joints. Insulated rail joints shall be maintained in condition to...

2011-10-01

464

49 CFR 234.235 - Insulated rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Insulated rail joints. 234.235 Section 234.235 Transportation... Maintenance Standards § 234.235 Insulated rail joints. Each insulated rail joint used to separate train detection...

2012-10-01

465

49 CFR 236.59 - Insulated rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Insulated rail joints. 236.59 Section 236.59 Transportation...Systems Track Circuits § 236.59 Insulated rail joints. Insulated rail joints shall be maintained in condition to...

2010-10-01

466

46 CFR 67.37 - Association or joint venture.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Association or joint venture. 67.37 Section 67.37...Documentation § 67.37 Association or joint venture. (a) An association meets...members is a citizen. (b) A joint venture meets citizenship...

2010-10-01

467

15 CFR 904.107 - Joint and several respondents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...COMMERCE GENERAL REGULATIONS CIVIL PROCEDURES Civil Penalties § 904.107 Joint and several respondents. (a) A NOVA may assess a civil penalty against two or more respondents jointly and severally. Each joint and several respondent is...

2012-01-01

468

15 CFR 904.107 - Joint and several respondents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...COMMERCE GENERAL REGULATIONS CIVIL PROCEDURES Civil Penalties § 904.107 Joint and several respondents. (a) A NOVA may assess a civil penalty against two or more respondents jointly and severally. Each joint and several respondent is...

2010-01-01

469

15 CFR 904.107 - Joint and several respondents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...COMMERCE GENERAL REGULATIONS CIVIL PROCEDURES Civil Penalties § 904.107 Joint and several respondents. (a) A NOVA may assess a civil penalty against two or more respondents jointly and severally. Each joint and several respondent is...

2011-01-01

470

15 CFR 904.107 - Joint and several respondents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMMERCE GENERAL REGULATIONS CIVIL PROCEDURES Civil Penalties § 904.107 Joint and several respondents. (a) A NOVA may assess a civil penalty against two or more respondents jointly and severally. Each joint and several respondent is...

2013-01-01

471

15 CFR 904.107 - Joint and several respondents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...COMMERCE GENERAL REGULATIONS CIVIL PROCEDURES Civil Penalties § 904.107 Joint and several respondents. (a) A NOVA may assess a civil penalty against two or more respondents jointly and severally. Each joint and several respondent is...

2014-01-01

472

Joint Robotic Precursor Activity: Providing Strategic Knowledge to  

E-print Network

Joint Robotic Precursor Activity: Providing Strategic Knowledge to Inform Future Exploration Dr. Michael J. Wargo, Chief Exploration Scientist #12;Joint Robotic Precursor Activity (JRPA) Overview · To meet this goal, NASA will jointly fund and conduct Robotic Precursor Activities

Waliser, Duane E.

473

21 CFR 888.3780 - Wrist joint polymer constrained prosthesis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Wrist joint polymer constrained prosthesis. 888.3780...Devices § 888.3780 Wrist joint polymer constrained prosthesis. (a) Identification. A wrist joint polymer constrained prosthesis is a...

2010-04-01

474

14 CFR 13.217 - Joint procedural or discovery schedule.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Joint procedural or discovery schedule. 13...FAA Civil Penalty Actions § 13.217 Joint procedural or discovery schedule. ...schedule. If the parties agree to a joint procedural or discovery schedule,...

2011-01-01

475

49 CFR 1503.627 - Joint procedural or discovery schedule.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Joint procedural or discovery schedule. 1503...Civil Penalty Actions § 1503.627 Joint procedural or discovery schedule. ...schedule. If the parties agree to a joint procedural or discovery schedule,...

2010-10-01

476

12 CFR 745.8 - Joint ownership accounts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Joint ownership accounts. 745.8 Section...Account Insurance Coverage § 745.8 Joint ownership accounts. (a) Separate insurance coverage. Qualifying joint accounts, whether owned as...

2010-01-01

477

21 CFR 872.3940 - Total temporomandibular joint prosthesis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Total temporomandibular joint prosthesis. 872.3940 Section 872...872.3940 Total temporomandibular joint prosthesis. (a) Identification. A total temporomandibular joint prosthesis is a device that is...

2011-04-01

478

49 CFR 1503.627 - Joint procedural or discovery schedule.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Joint procedural or discovery schedule. 1503...Civil Penalty Actions § 1503.627 Joint procedural or discovery schedule. ...schedule. If the parties agree to a joint procedural or discovery schedule,...

2011-10-01

479

14 CFR 13.217 - Joint procedural or discovery schedule.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Joint procedural or discovery schedule. 13...FAA Civil Penalty Actions § 13.217 Joint procedural or discovery schedule. ...schedule. If the parties agree to a joint procedural or discovery schedule,...

2010-01-01

480

12 CFR 330.9 - Joint ownership accounts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Joint ownership accounts. 330.9 Section...DEPOSIT INSURANCE COVERAGE § 330.9 Joint ownership accounts. (a) Separate insurance coverage. Qualifying joint accounts, whether owned as...

2010-01-01

481

14 CFR 406.139 - Joint procedural or discovery schedule.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Joint procedural or discovery schedule. 406...Transportation Adjudications § 406.139 Joint procedural or discovery schedule. ...schedule. If the parties agree to a joint procedural or discovery schedule,...

2011-01-01

482

12 CFR 330.9 - Joint ownership accounts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Joint ownership accounts. 330.9 Section...DEPOSIT INSURANCE COVERAGE § 330.9 Joint ownership accounts. (a) Separate insurance coverage. Qualifying joint accounts, whether owned as...

2011-01-01

483

50 CFR 452.09 - Consolidated and joint proceedings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Consolidated and joint proceedings. 452.09 Section 452.09 Wildlife and Fisheries JOINT REGULATIONS (UNITED STATES FISH...SECRETARY § 452.09 Consolidated and joint proceedings. (a) When the...

2010-10-01

484

15 CFR 922.192 - Joint Management Committee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Joint Management Committee. 922.192 Section...Sanctuary and Underwater Preserve § 922.192 Joint Management Committee. (a) A state/federal Joint Management Committee shall be...

2011-01-01

485

12 CFR 745.8 - Joint ownership accounts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Joint ownership accounts. 745.8 Section...Account Insurance Coverage § 745.8 Joint ownership accounts. (a) Separate insurance coverage. Qualifying joint accounts, whether owned as...

2011-01-01

486

50 CFR 452.09 - Consolidated and joint proceedings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Consolidated and joint proceedings. 452.09 Section 452.09 Wildlife and Fisheries JOINT REGULATIONS (UNITED STATES FISH...SECRETARY § 452.09 Consolidated and joint proceedings. (a) When the...

2011-10-01

487

77 FR 69619 - Draft Recommendations of Joint Outreach Team  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Administration Draft Recommendations of Joint Outreach Team AGENCY: Western Area Power...draft recommendations of Western/DOE Joint Outreach Team...draft recommendations of the Western/DOE Joint Outreach Team (JOT) for review and...

2012-11-20

488

14 CFR 406.139 - Joint procedural or discovery schedule.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Joint procedural or discovery schedule. 406...Transportation Adjudications § 406.139 Joint procedural or discovery schedule. ...schedule. If the parties agree to a joint procedural or discovery schedule,...

2010-01-01

489

Scholarships and Funding for New Zealand The German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) is a joint organisation of the  

E-print Network

- a convincing presentation of the academic and personal motives for the planned study semester in GermanyScholarships and Funding for New Zealand · The German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) is a joint of students, academics and scientists. · The scholarships offered by the DAAD are awarded to advanced students

Goodman, James R.

490

75 FR 25869 - The National Institutes of Health and the Food and Drug Administration Joint Leadership Council...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...technological advances, such as stem cell biology, biomarkers, and computational sciences. NIH and FDA plan to work jointly to address the...also support postmarketing and/or other population-based surveys for safety assessments. Overall, there are many new...

2010-05-10

491

PROCEEDINGS: 1985 JOINT SYMPOSIUM ON STATIONARY COMBUSTION NOX CONTROL. VOLUME 2. INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES, FUNDAMENTAL STUDIES, AND SLAGGING COMBUSTORS  

EPA Science Inventory

The two-volume proceedings document is more than 60 papers, describing recent advances in NOx control technology, that were presented at the 1985 Joint Symposium on Stationary Combustion NOx Control, May 6-9, 1985, in Boston, MA. The papers covered the following topics: the statu...

492

The Effects of Variable Quadriceps and Hamstring Loading Configurations on Knee Joint Kinematics During In Vitro Testing  

E-print Network

manipulating the knee. As technology advanced and improvement were made in the field of robotics, more complex motor or hydraulic control rigs [1, 13, 53] and 6 degree of freedom robots [52, 70, 71] were built to examine knee 10 joint mechanics...

Shalhoub, Sami

2012-08-31

493

ISB recommendation on definitions of joint coordinate system of various joints for the reporting of human joint motion—part I: ankle, hip, and spine  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Standardization and Terminology Committee (STC) of the International Society of Biomechanics (ISB) proposes a general reporting standard for joint kinematics based on the Joint Coordinate System (JCS), first proposed by Grood and Suntay for the knee joint in 1983 (J. Biomech. Eng. 105 (1983) 136). There is currently a lack of standard for reporting joint motion in the field

Ge Wu; Sorin Siegler; Paul Allard; Chris Kirtley; Alberto Leardini; Dieter Rosenbaum; Mike Whittle; Darryl D D’Lima; Luca Cristofolini; Hartmut Witte; Oskar Schmid; Ian Stokes

2002-01-01

494

Information management for real-time multimedia battlefield information dissemination and processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The warfighter of tomorrow will demand near real time multimedia data access to obtain critical information in rapidly changing battlefield situation. Phase 1 of the Battlefield Awareness and Data Dissemination (BADD) Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD) developed a near real time multimedia data access capability to provide the warfighter with sensor and command and control data on an integrated display.

Thomas C. Newsome; Dupyo Choi; Michael P. Orr

1998-01-01

495

Destructive post-traumatic chondrolysis of the subtalar joint: a case report and review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Injuries to the subtalar joint are often associated with fractures of the talus or calcaneum. These injuries often lead to degenerative changes resulting in pain, restriction of movement and difficulty in weight bearing. This can cause significant deformity and disability for the patient. Occult injury of the subtalar joint has been described as an isolated event or in association with a subluxation/dislocation of this joint. They are difficult to assess with plain radiography therefore, they are generally diagnosed with advanced imaging like CT scan or MRI scan. We present a case of a 66-year-old man who presented with destructive chondrolysis of the subtalar joint 2?years following conservative treatment of a minimally displaced distal fibular fracture. It was treated by subtalar and talonavicular arthrodesis. Overall, the patient made an excellent recovery and was satisfied with the outcome. PMID:23505085

Kumar, Vishwajeet; Debnath, Ujwal K; Karmegam, Anand; Hariharan, K

2013-01-01

496

Destructive post-traumatic chondrolysis of the subtalar joint: a case report and review of the literature.  

PubMed

Injuries to the subtalar joint are often associated with fractures of the talus or calcaneum. These injuries often lead to degenerative changes resulting in pain, restriction of movement and difficulty in weight bearing. This can cause significant deformity and disability for the patient. Occult injury of the subtalar joint has been described as an isolated event or in association with a subluxation/dislocation of this joint. They are difficult to assess with plain radiography therefore, they are generally diagnosed with advanced imaging like CT scan or MRI scan. We present a case of a 66-year-old man who presented with destructive chondrolysis of the subtalar joint 2 years following conservative treatment of a minimally displaced distal fibular fracture. It was treated by subtalar and talonavicular arthrodesis. Overall, the patient made an excellent recovery and was satisfied with the outcome. PMID:23505085

Kumar, Vishwajeet; Debnath, Ujwal K; Karmegam, Anand; Hariharan, K

2013-01-01

497

Acromioclavicular joint instability: anatomy, biomechanics and evaluation.  

PubMed

Acromioclavicular (AC) joint instability is a common source of pain and disability. The injury is most commonly a result of a direct impact to the AC joint. The AC joint is surrounded by a capsule and has an intra-articular synovium and an articular cartilage interface. An articular disc is usually present in the joint, but this varies in size and shape. The AC joint capsule is quite thin, but has considerable ligamentous support; there are four AC ligaments: superior, inferior, anterior and posterior. The coracoclavicular (CC) ligament complex consists of the conoid and trapezoid ligaments. They insert on the posteromedial and anterolateral region of the undersurface of the distal clavicle, respectively. The coracoid origin of the trapezoid covers the posterior half of the coracoid dorsum; the conoid origin is more posterior on the base of the coracoid. Several biomechanical studies showed that horizontal stability of the AC joint is mediated by the AC ligaments while vertical stability is mediated by the CC ligaments. The radiographic classification of AC joint injuries described by Rockwood includes six types: in type I injuries the AC ligaments are sprained, but the joint is intact; in type II injuries, the AC ligaments are torn, but the CC ligaments are intact; in type III injuries both the AC and the CC ligaments are torn; type IV injuries are characterized by complete dislocation with posterior displacement of the distal clavicle into or through the fascia of the trapezius; type V injuries are characterized by a greater degree of soft tissue damage; type VI injuries are inferior AC joint dislocations into a subacromial or subcoracoid position. The diagnosis of AC joint instability can be based on historical data, physical examination and imaging studies. The cross body adduction stress test has the greatest sensitivity, followed by the AC resisted extension test and the O'Brien test. Proper radiographic evaluation of the AC joint is necessary. The Zanca view is the most accurate view for examining the AC joint. The axial view of the shoulder is important in differentiating a type III AC joint injury from a type IV injury. PMID:25606549

Saccomanno, Maristella F; DE Ieso, Carmine; Milano, Giuseppe

2014-01-01

498

Acromioclavicular joint instability: anatomy, biomechanics and evaluation  

PubMed Central

Acromioclavicular (AC) joint instability is a common source of pain and disability. The injury is most commonly a result of a direct impact to the AC joint. The AC joint is surrounded by a capsule and has an intra-articular synovium and an articular cartilage interface. An articular disc is usually present in the joint, but this varies in size and shape. The AC joint capsule is quite thin, but has considerable ligamentous support; there are four AC ligaments: superior, inferior, anterior and posterior. The coracoclavicular (CC) ligament complex consists of the conoid and trapezoid ligaments. They insert on the posteromedial and anterolateral region of the undersurface of the distal clavicle, respectively. The coracoid origin of the trapezoid covers the posterior half of the coracoid dorsum; the conoid origin is more posterior on the base of the coracoid. Several biomechanical studies showed that horizontal stability of the AC joint is mediated by the AC ligaments while vertical stability is mediated by the CC ligaments. The radiographic classification of AC joint injuries described by Rockwood includes six types: in type I injuries the AC ligaments are sprained, but the joint is intact; in type II injuries, the AC ligaments are torn, but the CC ligaments are intact; in type III injuries both the AC and the CC ligaments are torn; type IV injuries are characterized by complete dislocation with posterior displacement of the distal clavicle into or through the fascia of the trapezius; type V injuries are characterized by a greater degree of soft tissue damage; type VI injuries are inferior AC joint dislocations into a subacromial or subcoracoid position. The diagnosis of AC joint instability can be based on historical data, physical examination and imaging studies. The cross body adduction stress test has the greatest sensitivity, followed by the AC resisted extension test and the O’Brien test. Proper radiographic evaluation of the AC joint is necessary. The Zanca view is the most accurate view for examining the AC joint. The axial view of the shoulder is important in differentiating a type III AC joint injury from a type IV injury. PMID:25606549

SACCOMANNO, MARISTELLA F.; DE IESO, CARMINE; MILANO, GIUSEPPE

2014-01-01